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af,„U^ ,jrA, 





*-A - " 



THE 

ODYSSEY 

^ HOMER, 



BY ALEXANDER POPE, ESQ. 



To which is added, 
THE BATTI£ OF THE FROGS AKD MICE. 



LONDON: 

PriDtr d for J. Walker ; 

J. Johnson ; J. Rtc><ardson ; F. C. and J. Rivin^ton ; 
Vemor, Hood, aad Mtarpe; R. Lea; J. >tuQa; 
J. Cuihell; B. Jefferj; Kewnun anti Co.; Lac* • 
ingtott, Allen, and Co. ; Longman. Tlnr^t, Rees, 
Orme, amd Brown ; Cadell and D^vifS ; Wii -.ie 
and Robinson; J. Booker; Black, Parry, and 
Kiogabnry ; Sherwood, Keel/, and Jones; J. As* 
peme ; R. Scholey ; and J. Harris. 

mil. 







London g PHnUd hy W. ImvU, Paiemooter'row, 



VJiS 



OI>YSSEY. 



BOOK^ 



ARGUMENT. 

MinerotCi Descent to Ithaem, 

The Poem opens within forty-eight dayt &f the ar- 
rlTal of Ulysses in his dominions. He had now 
remained seven years in the island of Calypso, 
when the gods assembled in council proposed the 
method of his departure from thence, and his re- 
tnm to hi» native oountiy. For this purpose it is 
concluded to sen4 Mercury to Olilypfo, and Pallas 
immediately descends to Ithaca. She holds a con- 
ierence with Telemachus, in the shape of Mentes, 
king of the Taphians ; in whirh she advises him to 
take a journey in qbeetof hit father Ulysses, to 
Pylos and Sparta, where Nestor and Manelattn yet 
reigned ; then, after having visibly displayed her 
divinity, disappears. The suitors of Penelope 
make great eDtertainments, and riot in her nftlace 
till night. Phemius sings to them the retMn of 
the Grecians, till Penelope puts a stop to the 
song. Some words arise between the suitors and 
Telemaehns, who summons tlie council to meet the 
day following. 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK I. 

npHE nan, for wisdom*t raiioui arts renown'd, 
'*' Long exercU'd in woes, oli Muse ! resoond. 
^Hio, when bis anns had wrought the destin'd fftU 
Of sacrwd Troy, and ras'd h«r heaTeivbuilt wall. 
Wandering from clime to clime, obsenraat strsj'd, 5 
Their manners noted, and their sutes sorvey'd. 
On stormy seas nnnumber'd toils he bore, 
Safs with his friends to gain his natal shore : 
Vain toils ! their impious folly dar'd to prey 
On herds devoted to the god of day; 10 

The god Tindictive doom'd them never more 
(Ah, men nnbless'd !) to touch that natal shore. 
Oh, ttMtch some portion of these acts from fate. 
Celestial Muse ! and to our world relate. 

Now at their native realms the Greeks arriT'd; l5 
All iHu> the wars of ten long years survived, 
' And 'scap'd the perils of the gulfy main. 
Vlyises, sole of all the victor train. 
An exile from his dear paternal coast, 
I>eplor*d his absent queen and empire lost. SO 

Calypso in her caves constrain'd bis stay, 
Witb sweet, reluctant, amorous delay : 
In vain — for now the circling years disclose 
The day predestinM to reward his woes. 
At length his Ithaca is given by fiste, SS 

"Wheie yet new labours his arrival wait; 
At length tiieir rage the hostile powers re«tr«itt, 
AU b«t tk» rvlfalen notuurch of the main- 



6 THE ODT8SBT. BOOK U 

But now the god, remote, a heavenly guest, 

In Ethiopia grac'd the genial feast 90 | 

(A race divided, whom with sloping rays 

The rising and descending snn sarveys) ; 

There on the world's extremest verge revered 

Witi) hecatombs and prayer in iponp p*eferr*d. 

Distant he lay : while fn €be ^rl|[Ut uodes 35 

Of high Olympus, Jove convened the gods : 

Th* assembly Uios the sire supreme addrest» 

£gysthus' fate revolving in Ms breast. 

Whom young Orestes to the dreary coast 

Of Pluto sent, a blood>poUated ghost. 40 ' 

Perverse mankind ! whose vills, created free. 
Charge all their woes on absolute decree ', I 

Alt to the dooming gods their guilt translate, ' 

And follies are miscalFd the crimes of fate. ' 

"Wben to his lust ^gysthns gave the rein, i& ' 

Did fatd, or we, th* adulterous act construa } 
Did fate, or we, when grisat Atrides dy'd» 
TJrge the bold traitor to the regicide.* 
Bermes I sent, while yet his soul remain'd 
l^incere from ro^Sl blood, and faith profaa*d; 50 - ' 

To warn the wretch, that young Orestes, growA ' 

To manly years, should re-assert the throne. 
Tet,'impotent of mind, and uncontrouPd 
He plung'd into the gulf, which heaven foretold. 

Reie puu^tM the god ; and pensive tlius replies, i§ 
XCinerva, graceful with her azure eyes. 
O thou I irom whom the whole creStion springs. 
The sonrre of power on earth deriv'd to kings ! 
Bis death was equal to the direful deed ; 
^ may the man of Mood be doomed to bleeJ! ^ 
But grief ahd rage alternate wound my breast 
For brave UlySSes, still by fate opprest. 
Amidst an i^le, around whose rocky share 
The forests murmur, and the surges rear, 
Uie blameless hero from his wish'd.for home t^ 
A goddess guards in her enchanted dome: 
(Atlas her sire^ to whose far.piercing eye 
The wonders of the deep expanded fie ; 



Tb* eternal etiHmoM lAicb on mtA W nan 

lod in 6^e tftaffy vtAtt, and ptop tlie nihenQi Tt 

By his fair davgbter b the chief coaAifdl^ 

Who sootbes to diftt- delight Ms mnxioa^mlBd : 

fticcoMleas all h^ soft caresses prore. 

To banish firom hU breast his coaatrf *s lore ; 

To see the saioke ffom his lov'd palace liaOp ff 

While the dear isle in distant prospect Uea, 

With what 66ntratnieot could he deee hie igree I 

And will Omnip6ttoce neglect to sare 

Ihe snUbring virtue of the wise and bnve? 

Most he, whoae altars on the Phrygian shora 9$ 

With frequent riftt, and pan, aTow'd thy power. 

Be doomNI tfcie wdrit ofhuatan ills to prove^ 

f^leMfd, drandonM to the wnth of Jore? 

Daug^iter! «hit wordi haire passM thj llpt «» 
weighed r 
(Replj'd the thWftdArer U the maftial nidd :) 9$ 
Deem not unjtttly by my doom oppress 
Of hadMtf race the widest and the best. 
I^ptune, by pnyer repentant ranly wos^ 
* An&6t» ttit cbtef, t* ic^rtstigt faU giant son. 
Whooer viMid ofb tJtftsH/B fe1^*d of light ; g| 

Great Pofyphcttier, 6f Ifeon than mortal might I 
ftm yoong Thoi&sa ton (th« bright increase 
Of norcys, drefed«d Ih the iionbds und sea^: 
Whoifl l^ejptvoe ey'd >iHth bloom of beaety Mest^ 
And in his tan the yielding nymph comprekt. Qi 
For this, the god con&traiiii thi^ Oreek to ntm^ 
A hopeless eklte frotii his native home, 
IVom death afotie teemjfft— but cease to monm; 
Let all C0ttbtbe f aehte«^ bis wisVd retun : 
Keptane aton*d, hU irVath shall now refrain* tit 
Or ANrart thit iynod of the g^cts in vain. 

Father and kin^ adlorM ! MinerVa cry*d. 
flhiee all who fai the OfympUn bower r«si<le 
How make thtf mndttrtbgCrreei their pnUk ehra^ 
Ut Hemes to th* Atlantic blti* npeir; V9§ 

•Ogy#a« 



8 IBE ODYSSET« BOOK I« 

£id him, nrWM in bright Caljrp«Q*s courts 

The Sanson of the assembled powers report : 

That wise ITlysset to his native land 

Must speed, obedient to their high command. 

Meantime Telemachas, the blooming heir llO 

Of sea-girt Ithaca, demands my care ;' 

Tis mine, to form his green, unpractised years. 

In sage tlebates ; surrounded with his peers. 

To save the state, and timely to restrain 

The bold intrusion of the suitor-train : 115 

Vfho crowd his palace, and with lawless power 

His herds and flocks in feastful rites devour. 

To dbtaot Sparta, and the spacious waste 

Of sandy Pyle, the royal youth shall hast«. 

There, warm with filial love, the cause inquire 190 

Tkat Arom his realm retardi his god.like sire : 

Delivering early to the voice of fame 

The promise of a great, immortal name. 

She said ; the sandals of celestial mould, 
Pledg*d with ambrosial plumes, and rich with 
gold, 12S 

Sorronndher feet: with these sublime sh^aails 
Th' aerial space, and mounts the wini:ed gales : 
O'er earth and ocean wide prepac'd to soar. 
Her dreaded arm a beamy javelin bore, 1£9 

^nderous and vast ; which, when her fury bums, 
Proud tyrants humbles, and whole hosts o'erturnt.' 
from high Olympus prone her flight she bends, 
And in the realms of Ithaca descends. 
Her lineaments divine, the grave disguise 
Of Hentes* form conceai'd from human eyes ia5 
(Mentes, the monarch of the Taphiau land) : 
A glittering spear wav'd awful in her hand. 
There in the potUl plac'd, the heaven»bom matd' 
Xnormous riof and misrule survey'd. 
On hides o^ beeves, before ^e palace gate 140 

(Sad spo Ts of luxury), the saltors sate. 
'WItii riinil art, and ardour in their mien. 
At cb«M tbejr vie, to captivate the queen ; 



Bivining of tbeir luHH. AtUlMiUic fll^tH* 

A meDi«l train the flowing bovl topf Ij : 110 

POiers, apart, tibe sfMKioM haU fMrspnn^ 

And form tbe co»d j feaat wifb bii»y can. 

There jooog Telemach^f. )fi» Woonj faee 

Glowing celestial aveet, wiUi go4UI(e grao* 

Amid the circle shinea : h«it hope and ftar IdO- 

§*ainfal vlcifsiuuie!) hia boa^m tear. 
ow, imiig*d in his mind, b« se^a raator'd 
In peace nod jojr ihe peopl«*$ rightfn) loc4; 
The pron4 oppreMO/* 9j xif veagef«l sword. 
\fi»\fi liia fond so«4 th^o. ^nciod trivinplu 
sweird^ . 186 

The strangBT'iga'^at,. th« royal yovlh beheld : 
Oriey'd tibuat a m:tdnt ao long ahovM wait 
Umnark'd, anhonoar'd, at a mooarcb*a gate; 
Instant be flew with hospitable baste. 
And the new friend with courteons air eo^hras'd. IflD 
Stranger ! whoever thou art. secprely rest^ 
Affianc'd in my faith, n friendly gnest: 
Approach the dome, the. social biulq«^t shars. 
And then the purpose of thy sool declare. 

Thus affable and mild, the prince precedes, lOS 
And' to the doine th' unknown cela^tinl If ads. 
The spear receiving from lier hand, he placed 
.^lainst a columi^ fair with aculptare g(ac*d; 
Where seemly rang'd in peacefol order stood 
Plysses' armst now long disus'd to blood. XJ^ 

Be led the godde.'^s to the soveroign seat. 
Her feet sopportad with a stool of stato 
(A purple carpet spread thf pavement wid«) ; 
TVen drew his seat, familiar, to lier side ; 
t^i from the soitor-train, a brutal crowd, 175 

With insolence, and wine, elate and loud > 
Where the free gueat, unnoted, might relate, 
If haply conscious, of his father's fate. 
Hie golden ewer a maid obsequious brings, 
lUplenishM from the cool, translucent springs ; 180 
With copious water the blight vase supplies 
A silver Uver of capacious size : 

AS 



t« THE ODYSSEY. BOOK I. 

They wash. The tables in fair order spread. 
They heap tiie glittering canisters vith bread : 
Viands of various liinds allure the taste* 185 

Of choicest sort and savour, rich repast ! 
Delicious wines th* attending herald brought; 
The gold gave lustre to the purple draught. 
Lur'd witti the vapour of the fragrant feast. 
In rush'd the suitors with voracious haste : 190 
Marshaird in order due, to each a sewer 
Presents, to bathe his hands; a radiant ewer. 
Luxurious then they feast. Observant round 
Oay stripling youths the brimming goblets crownM. 
The rage of hunger queli'd, they all advance, ig5 
And form' to measnrM airs the masy dance : 
To Phemius was consigned the chorded lyre. 
Whose band reluctant touch *d the warbling wire : 
Phemius, whose voice divine could sweetest sing 
High strains respoAsive to the vocal string. SOO 

Meanwhile, in whispers to his heavenly guest 
nis indignation thus the prince exprest. 

Indulge my rising giief, whilst these (my friend) 
"With song and dance the pompous revel end. 
Light is the dance, and doubly sweet the lays 205 
When for the dear delight another pays. 
His treasurM stores these cormorants consume. 
Whose bones, defrauded of a regal tomb 
And common turf, lie naked on the plain, 
Or doom*d to welterin the whelming main. filO 
Should.he return, that troop so blythe and bold, 
Witli purple robes inwrought, and stiff with gold, ^ 
Precipitant in fear would wing their flight, 
And curse their cnmbVoos pride*s unwieldy weight. 
But, ah, I dream ! — th* appointed hour is fled ; Sl5 
And hope, too long with vain delusion fed. 
Deaf to tVe rumour of fallacious fame, 
Gives to the roll of death his glorious name! 
With venial freedom let me now demand 
Thy name, thy lineage, and paternal land ; S8t 

Sincere, f^m whence began thy course, recite, 
And to what sMp I owe the friendly freight? 



BOOK I. TUB ODY8SBT. U 

Vow first to me tbU visit dost thoo ^Migu, 

Or naiid>eT*d in my fathef's social train ? 

Ail wfao deserv'd bis choice, he made bis own» SSO 

Aad, curious much to know, he far was kaowiu 

My birth I boast (the blue-ey*d virgin crie»> 
Trom great Anchialus, renowned aad wise ; 
Uentes my name ; I rule the Taphian race 
Vhose bounds the deep circomAucnt wave* wm- 
brace: 89V 

A dateons people, and industrious isle. 
To naval aru inur'd, and stormy toil. ^ 
Freighted -with iron from my native land, 
I steer my voyage to the Brutian strand ; 
To gain by commerce, for the laboured masSy SS$ 
A just proportion of refulgent brass. 
Far from your capital my ship resides 
At Beithrus, and secure at anchor rides ; ■ 
Where waving groves on airy Melon grow, - 
Supremely tall, and shade the deeps below. ■ MQ 
Thence to revisit your imperial dome, 
An old hereditary guest I come : 
Tour father's friend.^ Laertes can relate 
Our faith unspotted, and its early date ; 
Who, prest with heartKrorroding grief and y^ars, 2^6 
To the gay court a rural shed prefers, 
Where, sole of all his train, a matron sage 
Supports with homely food his drooping age. 
With feeble steps from marshalliug his vines 
Returning sad, when toilsome day declines.. S50 

With friendly speed, induc'd by erring fame. 
To hail Ulysses* safe return, I came ; 
But still the frown of some celestial power 
With envious joy retards the blissful hour. 
Let act your soul be sunk in sad despair ; S5f 

He lires, he breathes this heavenly vital air. 
Among a s4vage race, whose shelfy bounds 
With ceaseless roar the foaming deep.surrounds. 
TlM thoughu which roll within my ravish*d breast, 
T9 Be, ao seer, tb* inspiriBg gods suggest ; S(iO 



if ins OW^SET. M>OK t. 

Nor skillM, nor MvAoiu, xti^ fft-ophtftic e^6 

To judge tlie winged omens of the sky. 

Tet hear this certam speedt nor deem it vaiii ; 

Thovgh ftdanmntine bonds the chief restrain, 

The dtre^restraiiit his wisdom will defeat, fOU 

And soon restore him to his regal seat. 

But, generous yovth ! sincere and free de^taSte, 

Are you, of nmnly growth, Ms royal heir ? 

For sure Ulysses in your look appears. 

The same his features, if the same his yeaJiT. 'ilf^ 

Such was that fttce, on which I dwelt with joy 

Ere Greece aasembled siemm'd the tides of Ttoy ; 

But, parting then ibr that detested shore. 

Our eyes, unhappy ! nerer greeted more. 

To prove a genuine birth (the prince repHes) tfS 
On female tnrth assenting ftdth relites : 
Thus manifest of riKht, I build my cTaim 
Sure-founded on a fair maternal Aime, 
Vlysses* son ; but hsrppier he, whom fflCO 
Hath placed beneath tfre stomn wliteh toss the greaC! 
Happier the son, whose hoary sire is blest 381 

With humble affluence, and domestic rest ! 
Happier than I, to future empire born. 
But deom'd n ^ther*s wretched fote td mourn f 

To whom, with aspect mild, the guest divine : SBS 
Oh true descendant of a scepter'd line ! 
The gods a glorious fate from anguish fre« 
To chaste PeoeIope*s increase decree. 
Bttt say, yon jovial troop so gaily drMt, 
Is this a bridal or a friendly fSeast? ^ 

Or from their deed I rightiier may dtvine. 
Unseemly flown with insolence and Wine ; 
Unwelcome revellers, whose lawless joy 
Fains the stage ear, and hurts the SDb«r'«ye. 

Magnifleenco of old (the prfnctt Tvply*^) 9fijS 

Beneath our roof Iriih virtue could rtfkldft ; 
UnbhnnM abmrdance crown'd the nsjA bunaRt, 
"What time this dome rcrver*d her pmdent Icn-d ; 
Who now (so Heaven decrees) is doom*d t6 mttarh; 
Bitter constraint, erroneons and forlorn. 900 



Better the chief, oa Iltoii's ho^le pfdtty 
Hed fall'n evrroiiiided %fth his tnttlike txUt ; 
Or safe retnWl'il, tfie Ivce of glory pest, 
Vev to his fiieMlar enbriice, ran breettt*a Ms \bi$t f 
Tizen grateful OfeAcA #ith sCnsiuiiii|( eyta iirtMlS 
rsfSe )0p 

Historic marU^ to reMrd his ptiMi; 
His praise, ettermi on tii^ ffKifhftri KtOne, 
Bad with tmiisinissl ve honour gracM hi4 Mtt* 
Kow snatch'd hj harpies to (fae dreary- coasty 
Smkk is the hero, and Ms glory lost : Sl0 

Vaoiafa'd at once ! uafaeard-of, attd imlctmirttr! 
And I his iieir in misery alone. 
Vor for a d«ar lost IMier obfy iow 
Hie ftfiaH tiSars, hut Hfoe stfcoeCtts to 'iftm ; 
x9 tempt tibe ripcAi^elcss tjiieeir t^ttfa kuMvuttV %ltl9l^ 
Seaort the noUed from the me l g h t miilu g liles -, 9l6 
"from flanos^ 'Circled with tn ^onan unsn, 
DnlicfaiiUB, aad Zacynfttis' sylvan feign ; 
£T*n -with pre s u m pt uous hope her bed f asctttd. 
The lords of Itlfaea their right pretend. $96 

She seems attenfOve to their pleaded ToiTi, 
Her hfeart deteatlog %hat feter «^ allo#i. 
They. 'Vauk tltpectiattn 6f thebridM ho«r, 
Hj stores in ffottmsexpevce devonr, 
!■ feast and dance the ttlrthfal mon^ eitapl^y, 9S9 
Aad 'mtedlckte my doom to «rown thvir j«y . 

With tender ptty totich'd, the goddiAss criM ; 
Soon, may^hiifd Beateh a sure* relief ptovfde. 
Soon nay j^onr sfk« dlseharge Che v«n j>esace dtte, 
Jliid alt yonr wrtiiigt the proud opp^tisors roe f sSO 
Oh! in thatpovtKt ihoald the'^thief ftppear^ 
Each band treweudotts wfth a° htlsseii' iiptWf 
In radiant pamyply hi« Ktettsifless*d 
(Fo r so of old my fsther's co'tirt' he graeM, 
when sodal mirth QtAMmt his MilOYi^ soo!, !iS5 
O'er the fttll 1»aat(tret, uhA tm i^g^htly h<mf ) i 
He then from BphyH, the fait doaorahi 
Of Has, ^pnihg from lasetr*s f6yal itMo,, 
]ieasur*d a leDkgtfi of «ets, « tofdoonriength tft ^tir. 



14 THE ODYSSEY. BOOK I. 

For, voyi^ing to learn the direful art . 340 

*to taint with deadly drugs the barbed dart; 

Obs^rylTnt of the gods» and sternly just» 

Jkis refii^'d t* impart the baneful trust: 

With friendlier zeal my father's soul was fir'd, 

Th^^drugs he knew, and gave the boon desired. 945 

Appeared he now with such heroic port* ^ 

As then conspicuous at the Taphiaa court ; . 

Soon should yoo boasters cease their haughty strifb. 

Or each atone his guilty love with life. 

But of his wishM return the care resign; 350 

Be future vengeance to the powers divine. 

My sentence hear : with stern distaste avow*d. 

To their own districts drive the suitor>crowd : 

When next the morning warms the purple east. 

Convoke the peerage, and the gods attest ; ' 355 

The'sorrows of your inmost soul relate ; . 

And form sure plans to save the sinking st^te. 

Should second love a pleasing flame inspire, 

And the chaste queen connubial rites require ; 

Dismissed with honour, let her hence repair 360 

To great Icarius, whose paternal care 

Will guide her passion, and reward the choice . ■ 

With wealthy dower, and bridal gifts of price. 

Then let this dictate of my love prevail : 

Instant, to foreign realms prepare to sail, 365 

To learn your father's fortunes : Fame may prove. 

Or omen'd voice (the messenger of Jove), 

Ftopitious to the search. Direct your toil 

Through the wide ocean first to sandy Pyle ; 

Of Nestor, hoary sage, his doom demand : 370 

Thence speed your voyage to the Spartain strand; 

For young Atrides to th' Achaian coast 

Arriv'd the last of all the victor host. 

If yet Ulysses views the light; forbear. 

Till tbe fleet hours restore the circling year. 9fi 

But if his soul hath wing*d the destin*d flifh^ 

Inhabitant of deep disastrous night ; 

Homeward with pious speed repass the maia. 

To tb« pale shade f onerMl htet ordain. 



BOOK I. THE OBTSSET. i5 

Plant tbe £ur colomn o'er the vacant (»▼•» 380 

A bero*s hoaoatv let the hero have. 

With de^nt grief tbe royal dead depIorM, 

Por the chaste queen select an equal lord. 

Then let revenge your daring mind enploy. 

By fraud or force the soitor-train destroy, 385 

And starting into manhood, scorn the boy. 

Hast thon not heard how young Orestes, ir*d 

With great revenge, immortal praise acquir*d? 

His virgin-sword, ^gysthns' veins imbro'd; 

The murderer fell, and blocd aton'd for blood. 390 

greatly bless'd with every blooming grace ! 
With equal steps the paths of glory trace ; 
Join to that royal youth's your rival name. 
And shine eternal in the sphere of fsme. — 

But my associates now my stay deplore, SQS 

Impatient on the hoarse-resounding shore. 
Thou, heedful of adviee, secure proceed ; 
My praise the precept is, be thine the deed. 

The counsel of my friend (the youth rejoin*d) 
Imprints conviction on my grateful mind. 400 

8o fathers speak (persuasive speech and mild) 
Their sage experience to the favourite child. 
But, since to part, for sweet refection due 
The genial viands let my train renew : 
And-the rich pledge of plighted flitb receive, 405 
Worthy tbe heir of Ithaca to give. 

Defer tbe promised boon (the godd^M cries. 
Celestial azure brightening in her eyes). 
And let me now regnin the Reithrian port: 
From.Temcse retom*d, your royal court' 410 

1 shall revisit ; and tiiat pledge receive ; 
And gifts, memorial oi'oui friendship, leave. 

Abrupt, with eagle-speed. she cut tbe sky; 
Instant invisible to mortal eye. 
Then first he recognised th* etherial guest ; 415 

Wonder and joy alternate fire his bresst; 
Heroic thoughts, infus*d, his heart dilate: 
Bevolving much his father's doubtful fate. 



1^ TBE OPTSSl^T. BOPH: I, 

At length, compos*d, he joio'd the f ni^oCrQupiif ; 
Ba»h*d iA attention to the warbled song. 4U^ 

His tender theme the charming lyrist chope 
Minenra's anger, and the direful woes 
Which voyaging from Troy Uie victors bore, 
While stbrms viudictive iotercept tlie shore. 
The shrilling airs the vaulted roof roboundfj 4^ 
Reflecting to the queen the silver sounds. 
With grief renewed the weeping fair descends ; 
llieir sovereigD*s step a virgin train attends : 
A ycil« of rictiest texture wrought, she wears. 
And silent to the joyous hall repairs. 43Q 

There from the portal, with her mild command. 
Thus gently checks the minslrel's tuneful hand : 

Phemitts ! let acts of gods, and heroes old, 
What ancient bards in hall and bower have told, 
Attemper'd to the lyre, your voice employ : 499 
Such the pleasM ear will drink with silent joy. 
But, oh ! forbear that dear disastrous name, 
To sorrow sacred, and secure of -fame : 
JAj bleeding bosom sickens at the sound. 
And every piercing note inflicts a wound. 440 

Wby, dearest object of my duteous love, 
(Reply'd the prince) will you the bard reprove ? 
Oft, Jove*s etherial rays (resistless fire) 
The chanter's soul, and raplur'd song inspire ; 
Instinct divine ! nor blame severe his choice, 44^ 
Warbling the Grf cian woes with harp and voi^ ^ 
For novel lays attract our ravish'd ears ; 
But old, the mind with inattention heart ; 
Patient permit the sadly pleasing strain ; 
Familiar now with grief, your tears refrain, 450 
And io tlie public woe forget your own ; 
You weep not for a perishM lord alone. 
WhatOreeks now wandering in the Stygian glopiBj; 
Wilh your Ulysses shar*d ftn equal doom ! 
Tour widowM hours, apart, with female toil 4A5 
And various labours of the loom» beguile ; 
There rule, from palace-cares remote and fireof 
That c«r« to man belongs, and noet to mt. 



BOOK L THE Ol>TSSET. If 

Kstiire b9jpod,hia.yeanf the queen admiree 
EBs sage repl j, and with her tnun retires. 400 

llien swelling serrows burst their fermer boondSy 
With echoing grief afresh the dome reaonnds ; 
1111 Fallas, piteous of her plaintive cries. 
In slumber closed her silver-streaming eyes. 

Meantime, rekindled at the royal charms, 465 
TnmnltnottS love each beating bosom warms ; 
Intemperate rage a wordy war began ; 
Bnt bold Telemdcfatts assnm'd the man. 
Instant (he cry*d) your female discord end. 
Ye deedless boasters ! and the song attend s 470 
Obey that sweet compulsion, nor profane 
'With dissonance the smooth melodious strain, 
f^kdfic now prolong the jovial feast ; 
Bnt when the dawn reveals tlie rosy east, 
I, to tibe peers assembled, shall propose 4ltS 

TIm 6rm resolve, 1 here io few disclose : 
Ho longer live the cankers of my court ; 
All to your several states with speed resort; 
Waste in wild riqt what your land allows, • 
There ply the early feast, and late carouse. 400 
Bnttf, to honour lost, 'tis still decreed 
Por yon my bowl shall flow, my flocks shall bleed;- 
Judge and revenge my right, impartial Jove ! — 
By him and all th' immortal thrones above 
(A sacred oath), each proud oppressor slain, 465 
Aall with inglorious gore this marble stain. 

AVd by the prince, thus haughty, bold and yonngi 
Bage gnaw'd the lip, and wonder chain'd the tongue. 
flilcDce at length the gay Antinoiis broke, 
Coiisuain*d a smile, and thus ambiguous spoke: 490 
What god to yonr untutored youth affords 
This headlong torrent of amaxing words f 
May Jove delay thy reign, and cumber late 
So bright a genius with the toils of state i 

Those toils (Telemachus serene replies) 4Qi 

Have charms, with all their weight, t' allure the vise. 
Vtst by the throne obsequious fame rendes, 
Aftd wcallb iacesiant rolls her golden tides. 



Nor I^ Atttihd^ff ftige. If btroikg (T^fttY^ 
Of wealth Imd ftdnct it y6iithful b«o]soi]lk fire : $€l& 

Eltfct by Jove TiSs delegate of sway, 
"With joyotnl prhi% the summotts Fd obey. 
Whene'er Ulysses roami the re^lfii of night, 
Should faettout po^er dispute my liiieal ftglit, 
floricie other OreekS a fafrer elaim iftAy ptead ; tSoi^ 
To year pTBtentte their tStte W6uld precede. 
At least, the scep^ I6ilt, t Still tltxttntd ftlga 
Sole o*er my 'iassals, attd dome^t3c thun. 

To this fittrymatehns : To heeVen cl6Ae 
lt«fer the ^oice to fill the vmcknt throhe. 516 

Tour patrimoniet stores ih peace possess ; 
Undoubted, atl your filidit claim confess: 
Tour private right should imploue pio'trer Ibtade, 
The peers ef Ithaca woxild ai'm iti eid. 
fiat say, that stranger gue^t who late withdf^W, Sti 
What and from Hrhence ? hti name aAd lineage shew. 
His grave demeanor and maje&tic grace 
Speak ham descended of no vulgar race : 
IHd he some loan of ancient right require, 
bt came fdre-ninnetf- of yonr scepter*d sire f M4 

Oh son of ^olybnft ! the prince replies, 
1^'more^my sire "trill glad Ih^fte longing ey^ : 
The <faeetr% fond hope inventive rumour cl!i6<6r»» 
Or vain ditimnr driSAms divert her fears. 
itkt stronger-guest the Taphian realm o'beya» StB 
A realm dcffimded iKth encirbHog seas. 
MtoMM, an ever-hdnovr*d naMe of old * 
mgH til t7!y«se^ Yodal list tnitottM. 

Thus he, though cotfsdous of th* etheHkf t«6tt, 
ilMWft*d evasive of the sly r6'<|uest. SSd 

Meantime the Tyre rejoins the sprightly lay ; 
Love^ittied airs, and dance, cOhdude* the day. 
But whett t!he^ atar of e^ with gotdeh light 
Adorn'd the matron-broir of saBle dtght; 
^« mirthfWt train dbperstftg quit the cOtfft» S$S 
Jt^A to thetr aeverml domes to jttit resort. 
A toweriYig itructttre to th« palace joined ; 
To this hfar %t»pa tbft thonghtfttl prf&cetMttifdi 



I. ^ras ODT88ET. j^ 

lo his pavUtoa lliere, to sleep repain; 

The lighted torch, the sefe Saryclee been 540 

(Daaghter of Ope, the jest Piseiior*s son. 

For twentj beeves by great Laertes won ; 

In roey prime with cberms aitr»ct:^Te grse*d, 

HoBoar'd by hiH, e geativ lovtt enUthitoto, 

With deer esWm : too wise, with jealoos strife 545 

To taint the joys of sweet coannbial life. 

Sole with Teleaechas her seryice ends, 

A child she nurs'd hidi, slid ii famn attends.) 

Whilst to his eooch himself the prince addrest, 
TKi doteons Same received llhe purple rest : SiSO 
The parple vest with decent cere dispoe'd, 
The silver ring sher ^«1f d, tkU dftbr recIos*d; 
The bolt, obedient to the silken cord. 
To the stroi^ staplers hkmost depth restoi'd, 
oeedr^x tbt ^fWivcs> ~i'nA% WMpt tn sueenc snadBi 
ftai*v», «M Mtet the gotl i U ie ge^, h«r irelgh'di 
MraCch'd dii tlM ^toWtty Me^e, no iwC wf Vtfeit^ 
Y'kt Mft t^MTd MWl «t ¥»iUm fUHrf . 



TBS 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOKn. 



ARGUMENT. 

The Council qf Ithaca, 

XelemachoSf ii^th« assembly of the lords of Iihaea 
complaios of the injustice done him hj the snitony 
and insists upon their departure from his palace s 
appealing to the princes, and esoitinf the pebpla 
to declare against them. The suitors endeavour 
to justify their stay, at least till he shall sftnd the 
queen to the court of Icarios her father ; which h« 
refuses. There appears a prodigy of two eagles in 
the sky, which an augur expounds to the ruin of 
the suitors. Telemachus then demands a vessel 
to carry him to Pylos and Sparta, there to inquire 
of his father's fortunes. Pallas in the shape of 
Mentor (an ancient friend of Ulysses,) helps him 
to a ship, anists him in preparing necessaries for 
the voyage, and onbarks with him that night; 
which concludes the second day from the opening 
of the poem. 

The scene contiiiees in the palace of Ulysses .iA 
Ithace. 



r ft ] 



BOOK D. 

VOW reddeniag from tfae d*wa» tb« munda§.ny' 
Glov'd in the front of hettven, and gave the daj. 
llw joDtbful hero, vith xeturam^ Hghtr 
Boae uudotu Jrom th' inqnietades of night. 
^ royal robe he wore with gracefal fxide, 5 

At«<Hidg'd falchion threaten'd by his side, 
Embroidcr'd sandals giitter'd as he tiod, 
And forth he moY'd majestic as a god. 
Tliea by his hendds, lestieu of delay. 
To ooBoril calls the peers : the peers obey. Id 

8000 as in solemn form tii' assemhij sate, 
^nm his high dome hknself descends in state. 
Bright in his hand a ponderous javelin shin'd ; 
Two dogs, a faithful guard, attend behind ; ' 

^^>Uu with grace divine his focm improves, 15 

^Bd gsnng crowds admire lum as he moves. > 

His father's throne he ftil'd : while disUat itood 
^e hoar; peers, and ag^d wisdom bow'd. • 

Tvas silence all. At last iEgyptius spoke ; 
^yptius, by hi? age and sorrows broke : ' CO 

A length of days his soul with prudenee crown'd, " 
A length of days had bent hiqp to the ground. 
H» eldest hope* in arms to Tlion came, 
^7 great lUysses taught the path to fame; 
*Bt (hapless youth) the hideous Cyclops tore 25 
J°^^wrerittg limbs, and quaff 'd his spouting gore. 
^wee sons reauun*d : to climb with haughty fires 
«• royal bed, Eurynomus aspires ; 
^e rest with duteous leva his grieft assuage. 
And ease the sire of half the cares of age. 90 

Jet itiil his Antiphtts he loves, he mourns, 
And, iis be stood, he spoke and wept by tarns. « 

*"«« %teat Ulysses sought the Phrygian plains, ■ 
^ma these walls, inglorious silence reigns. 9% 

* Anlipbtts. 



2S THE Q0T3S^Y. BOOK IX. 

Sfty then, ye peers ! by -whose commands we meet * 
Why here once more in solemn council sit? 
Ye young, jpe old, th«i uteighty cause disclose: 
Arrives some message of invadiog foes? 
Ohr say, doet high necessity of state ^ - " 

I^sfjire some patiiot, and d ema nd debatel 4^ 

The preseai synod speaks its author 'wise; 
Assist him, Jo^ie, thou feg^t of the akies! 

He spoke, l^lemocbvs. with transport gioirvy 
Embrac'^ the ommi, and mwjestie rose 
(His royal hand th' imperial sceptre sway'd); ' 4K 
Ilien thus, addressing to fgypCins, aaid: 

Reverend old man i lo here confisst he ataitde^ 
By whom .ye meet; p>y grief y^ur caie demmda. 
Vo story I unfold of public woes, 
Kor bear advices of impending foea : ||§ 

Peace the blest land, ead |oys incessant crewn: 
Of all this happy lenlm, I grieve nlone. 
Fhr my lost sire oootineai aprvowa spiuig, 
' The greftt» Che good; your father and your kisg. 
Vet more ; our house. firam its fianndation boira, 55 
Our foes are powerful, and your aons the fiaeaa 
Hither, unwelcome to the queen they conm; 
Why seek they not the rich Icarian dome? 
If ahe must wed, from other hands nequiie 
The dowry : is Telen^chus her sire ? te 

Yet through my oourt the noise of revel liagi^ 
And wastes the wise frugality of kinga. 
Scarce all my herds their luxury auffiois; 
Scarce all my wine their midnight hours Mpptiet. 
Safe in my youth, in riot still they grow, dS 

Vfor in the helpless orphan dread a foe. 
But come it will, the ^me when manhood gnaU 
More powerful advocates than vain complaints. 
Approach that hour ! ioauffnrable wrong 
Cries to (he gods* and vengeauce sleeps too loQg. fO 
Sise then, ye pe«v 1 with virtuous anger rise ; 
^or fame revere, but most tb* avenging akiea. 
By all the deathless powers that reign above. 
By righteoQS Themis and by thvnclenng Jove 



BOQV U. 2B8 OI>Y8B|nr« D 

(Xhmk, wlio fives to conndli. or deolet 75 

Sbcccss; aad hambles, or coofirms the wise), 
3tjw ia Bj aid ! suffice the te«rs that flow 
f9r my lost sire, nor add new woe to w^p, 
If e'er be bore the sword to strengthei) ill, 
Qr|h«v)j^ power to wrong, betray the will. 99 

On oe, on ipe your kindled wir%th assuage, 
Aad bid the rbice of lawless riot rage. 
If nun to our royal r»ce ye doom, 
^ TOtt the spoilers, and oar wocilth cop^^me. 
31>ai isi^t we hope redress from j aster Uws^ 8f 
^Ad rsise all Itbfca to aid pur cause : 
But while your sons commit th* unponi^h'd wnfifg, 
Toa make the arm of violence ton stjron;. 
Vhiie thu^he spoke, with ra^e and grief be frowi>*4^ 
Aad dash*d tb* imperial sceptre to the ground. 9$ 
^ ground tear bung trembling in his eye: 
*^ synod giiev*d, and gave a pitying sigh, 
IWa siie^At sate^at length Antinoiis burns 
'Rtb haughty rage, and sternly thus returps. 

insolence of youth ! whose tongue afford? ^ 
Sodi railuig eloquence, and war of words, 
ojdiotts thy country's worthies to defame, 
^7 eiTing voice dbplays thy mother's shame. 
«Mive of the bridal day, sbe give* 
^fA hopes to all, and all with hopes deceives. lOQ 
?** ttot the sun, through heaven' s wide ^aure roll'd« 
^ three long years the royal fra ud behold ? 
*^e she, laborious in delusion spread 
^ spacioas loom, and mix'd the varipui thread : 
■^e •» to life the wondrous figures rise, lOjJ 

•<bUb spoke th* inventive j^ueen, with artful sighs: 
^ " Though C0I4 in death tJlysses breathes no more, 
^^^^••«e yet awhile to urge the bridal hour; 
' Cease, till to great lAertes T bequeath 
^ task of grief, his ornaments of deiath. %ljb 

^t whe^ the Pate* his royal ashes claim, 
^ ^ Grecian matrons taint my spotless fame ; * 

^en be, whom living mighty realms obey'd, 
" ^^ W9»% in death a shroud to grace his sbsde.** 



t4f Tki btV^BV. book: II. 

Thus she : at once the generous train cobiplies, ii<> 
Kor fraud mistrusts in virtue*s fair disguise. 
The work she ply*d ; but, studious of delay, ' 
By night revers'd the labours of the day. 
While thiice the sun his aunual journey tnade. 
The conscious lamp the midnight fraUd surveyed ; ISSO 
Unheard, unseen, three ^ears her arts prevail ; 
The fourth, her maid unfolds th* amazing tale. 
We saw, as unperceiv'd we took our stand. 
The backward labours of her faithless hand. 
Then iirg'd, she perfects her illustrious toils ; 125 
A wondrous monument of female wiles ! 

But you, oh peers I and thou, oh prince ! give ear 
(I speak aloud, that every Greek may hear) : 
Dismiss the queen ; and if her sire appmves, 
Let him espouse her to the peer she' loves : 130 

Bid instant to prepare the bridal train, 
Nor let a' race of princes wait in vain. 
Though with a grace divine her soul is blest, 
And all Minerva breathes within her breast, 
In wondrous arts than woman more renownM, i.-Jo 
And more than woman with deep wisdom crown'd ; 
Though Tyro nor Mycend match her name, 
Kor great Alcmena (the proud boasts of fame ;) 
Tet thus by heaven adorn'd, by heaven's decree 
She sliines with fatal excellence, to thee : 140 

With ihee, the bowl we drain, indulge the feast, 
nil righteous heaven reclaim her stubborn breast. 
What though from pole to pole resounds her name !. 
The son's destruction waits the mother's fame : 
For, till she leaves thy court, it is decreed, 145 

Thy bowl to empty,. and thy flock to bleed. 

While yet he speaks, Telemachns replies : 
£v'n nature starts, and whnt ye ask denies. 
Thus, shall I thus repay a mother's cares, 
Who gave me life, and nurs'd my infant years > 150 
While Mid on foreign shores XTlysses treads. 
Or glides a ghost with unappafent shades ; 
How to Icarius in the bridal hour 
Shall I, by waste undone, refund the dotrer ? 



i8q 



165 



BOOK n. THB omrasBT. ^ 

Mow fittt my fttiicr shovldl TencMuwe dreMl ! 154 
How vonld my nother cane my iiated head ! 
And while io wiatii to rtttgeiui fiends she cries 
Bjrfrim, their hell would Tengefiil fiends aris^ f 
^monr'd by all, ae<;nn*d asy name would now 
aeea^'a disgrace, and hmnan-Hnd my foe. ' U 
M tlus diaplcase, why urge ye here yoor stay ? 
Jste from the court, ye spoilers, haste away 
wte in wild riot what your land allows, 
There ply the early feast and late caroose. 
B«« if, to honour lost, tis still decreed jg. 

For yon my bowl shall flow, my flocks shall bleed - 
Jadfe and assert my right, impartial Jove f 
By him, and all th' immortal host above 
(A Sacred oath,) if heaven the power supply, 

^■^y**^ ^ ^*^» "*** ^ y«»' wrongs ye die. 170 

^fli that, two eagles from a moontain's height 
By Jove's Gowmand direct their rapid flight ; 
Swift they descend, with wing to wing conjof n'd 
Wjretch their broad plomes, and float npon the wiiid 
Above th' assembled peers they wheel on high, 175 

with ardent eye» the rival train they threat 
And shrieking lood, deaoqnce approaehinff fiite 

And from their plumes huge drops of blood descend 
Jhtt*, sttimg o'er the domes and towers, tbev flv 

'tiifeow'rd the east, and mount into tb#sk/ 
llie woiMering rivals gase with caies opprcst. 

And chilling horrors free« In every bitaif. 
™ Ug with knowledge of approaching woes 185. 
The pnaee of augurs, HaUthene^, rose : - 

ftwcient he view'd th* aerial tracks, and drew 
A sure presage from every^ wing that flew. 

Te sons (he cry'd) of Ithaca, give ear, 
»» all I but ddefly you, oh ijvals ! hear. joa 

»«eruction sure o'er all your heads Unpends • 

Ulysses wnes, and death bis steps attends. 
Nor to the great alone is death decreed ; 

Wf and osr guilty Ifhaca must bleed. 



Why cease ive then the wrath of heaves -to stay ? 
Be humbled* all, ajui lead, je great! the wii^. 
For lo ! my vords no fancy *d woes i^late : 
I speak from science, and the voice is. fate. 

When great Ulysses sought the. Fhi^giaB i 
To shake with war proud Ilion*s lofty loweEt, 
Deeds then undone my faithful tongue for^^bold z 
Heaven seal'd my words, «Qd yo« thosedeeds b^ol«l » 
I see (I cryM) his woes^ a cAuaUesa train ;, 
1 see his fHends o*erwh«im*d beneath the main ; SO* 
How twice ten years from ohore. to shore he roaoua : 
Now twice ten years are past, aiMt n^w he cornea i J 

To whom Eurymachus— f ly, do|ard, fly I 
With thy wise dreams and fajl»les of the sky. 
Go prophecy a.t ixome, thy sons adyiaes SQp 

Here thou art sage in vain*-! bettec read the akiap^ 
Unnumber'd birds glide thro1lg}l^ the acnal vny* 
Vagrants of air, and unforeboding atray. 
Cold in the tomb, or in the deeps b«low» 
Ulysses lies : oh weart thou laid as kiw I 
Then would that b«8y head no broils saggeat^ ftl^ 
Kor fire to rage Telemachii»*s breast« 
IVom him some bribe thy venal tongue requires^ 
And interest, not the god, thy voice inspiMa^ 
His guideless youth, if thy experienc'd age 
Mislead fallacious into idle rage, 990 

Vengeance deserved thy malice shall repress. 
And but augment the wrongs thou wo«ld*»t sediwa* jl 
Telemachus may bid the queen repuv 
To great Icarius, whose paternal ear« 
Will guide her passion, and reward her dieice* SOUf 
With wealthy dower, and hridal gifts of pike. 
Tin she retires, determin'd we remain. 
And both the prince and augur threat la vain : 
His pride of words, and thy wild dream of fiata. 
Move not the brave, or only move their hnte. ItSD 
l^reat on, O prioce ! elude die bridal day. 
Threat on, till all thy stores in waafee decay. 
True* Greece affords a train of lovely dames. 
In wealth and beaoty worthy «f our flanna : 



MOm. IHBODTBSSr. p 



«jr wjhh «d bwttty !«. ttwi virt^ ptoMe. 
Toirhoa th« ycwtli.'tlacetlim ia vida I toll 
■yi— erew voet, ia ailMce let tlMm dweU. 

J«ltt»lMk(Borbelt«rt-dl«Tri»,> 

»• «1i» of Pyle awt SpTf f -plore, 
|7!.*!V*' "'•* •**• *«« »h«p» to sbora: 

If «.t \?!"'** ^'^ *"««»«» •>«»•• 
inHL - ^' '^a* P*tfeoce I forlMW, 
Bmt tf* r*^****"* ntton the dreUng jew j 
wHif^^ ^««w»«mg In the tnln 

i .?• **•«*« to the nuptiel bed. 
„™j;f^*; awl white dMsfa'd the peers ettead, 
^,^* tJlysses* fiathfol friead : 
H JrU*^ "> «n>s he sought the scenes of war, S5S 
« W?S,?* ^'*> "3r palace be thy e«e ; 

3j^ tto» his age, and his behests obey.-] 

^ wli"*** '^^ cast his eyes aroand, 

Oa^ *^ "*• ' "*** " bespoke, he frownM : 

Be ■rfhTli*^*' *****'*• '«* ''"*« ^ j"^» 2fll 

X^T*" " V^^iftT, or faithf ol to his trWt f 

ol^'» govern with an iran rod, 

^^ ^mroy, and be tlie scourge tJf Ood; 

^*» who like a father held his reign, 909 

woaibrgot, wasgnst and mild in vain I 

Utt* r '*^*** *" "y amallest care : 
g*j» 'or the ui^ty mischiefs they devise 
^*o»« shall pay^theirforfbit lives the price. S70 
GoA,?r^ yoo, ye Greeks ! ye coward train ! 

Dow! ""^ •**"^ '* '^^'^ ^**^ jtwt-diadain ! 
UVt ^^ *'^ stand, and not one tongue affords 
"*^i^d prine* tlra Httle aid 6f worda. 



10 TBEODTaSBT. BOOK IT. 

While ytt he spoke, Leocrlto* rejoioM ; tlffS 

O pride of words, and arrogance of mind I 
Woiild*si thou to rise in arms the Greeks advise ? 
J<4n all your powers 1 in arms, ye Greeks, ariael 
Yet would your powers in vain our strength oppose < 
The valiant few o'ermateh an host of foes. SOO 

Should great Ulysses stern appear in arms. 
While the bpwl circles, and the banqvet warms ; 
Though to his hreast his spouse with transport flies, 
Tom from her breast, that hoar, Ulysses dies. 
But hence retreatittg to your domes repair, fiSJF 

To arm the vessel, Bdlentor ! be tiiy care. 
And, Halithmraes ! thine : be each his friend ; 
Te lov'd the father: go, the son intend. 
But yet, I trust, the boaster means to stay 
Safe in the court, nor temp the wa^ry way. 490 

Then, .with a rushing sound, th'- assembly bead. 
Diverse their steps : the rival rout ascend 
The royal dome; while sad the prince explores 
The neighbouring main, and sorrowing treads th« 

shores. 
There, as the waters o*er^i* hands he shed, flgs 
. The royal suppliant to Minerva pray'd : 

O goddess I who descending from the skies 
Vottchsaf 'd thy presence to my wondering. eyes» 
By whose commands the raging deeps I trace, £99 
And seek my nxt through storms and rolliiig sens I 
Hear from thy heavens above, oh wanior-maid ! 
Descend ouce more, propitious to my aid. 
Without thy presence, vain is thy command : 
<> Greece, and the rival train thy. voice widistand. 
Indulgent to has prayer the goddess took 9o5 
Sage Mentor's form, and thus like Mentor spoke. 

O prince, in early youth divinely wise, 
B<Mrn, the Ulysses of thy age to rise ! 
If to the son the father's worth descends. 
O'er the wide waves success thy ways attonda : Sio 
To tread the walks of death, he stood prep«r*d ; 
And what he greatly thought he nobly dar'd. 
Were not wise sons descendant of the wise. 
And did not heroes from bnve faerow rise. 



n. IBS ODTBSET. t§ 

Vain were mj hopes : feir smis attaia the ptalie Sl9 
Of tbeir .great slrea, aad aioat their lires daagrace. 
Bat since thy reins paternal virtne fires^ 
And all Penelope thy soul inspires, 
Go^ and snoeeed ! the rivals* ainu despise; 
Tor never, never, widced laan was Wise. IM 

Blind they rejoice, though now, •v'n eow they fisll; , 
Deatik hastes aoMin : one boar overwhelms .theas all i 
And lo» with speed w« phnigh the watery way ; 
My power shall guard thee, and my head convey : 
Ihe winged vessel studious T prepftfe, XS 

Through seas and realms companion of thy caie. 
Thou to the court ascend : and to the riiores, 
(Whep night advances) bear the naval stores ; . 
Bread, that decaying man with strength supplies, 
And gentfoos inne, which tboughtlul sorrow flies. 
Meanwhile the marino's, by my command, SSJk 

Shall speed idmard, a imliaat chosen band. 
Wide o*er the bay, by vessel vessel rides ; 
The best I choose to wSt thee o*er the tides. 

She spoke : to bis bi^ dome the prince retunii. 
And, as he moves, with royal anguish mouros. S3d 
^Twas riot all, among the lawless traia ; 
Boar bled by boar, and goat by goat lay slaih. 
Arriv'd, his hand the gay Antinoos prest. 
And tbas deriding, with a smile addrest. 340 

Grieve not, oh daring prince I tlwt noble heart : 
111 suits gay youth the stern heroic part. ' 
Indulge the genial hour, unbend thy soul. 
Leave thoi^t to-age, and drain the flowing bowl. 
Stadiooa to ease thy grief, our cere provides MS 
The bark, to waft thee o'er the swelling tides. 

Is this, returns the prince, for nurth a time i 
When lawless gluttons riot, mirth's a crime ; 
The luscious wines, disfaonour'd, lose tbelr taste; 
The soog is noise, and impious is the feast, SM 

Suffice it to have spent with swift decay 
The weeltti of kings* and made my youth a prey. 
But now the wise instructions of the sage. 
And nsBly thoughts insplr'd by msnly age, 



at THSODTSSBT* BOOK II. 

Teach me to M6k radran for all my wo«^ 355 

Here, or ia Pyle—in Pylo, or here, your foe. 

Deny your vessels, ye deny in ▼ain: 

A priv&te voyager I fiam the main. 

Free breathe the wlods.^and free the billows fl«w ; 

And where on earth I live, I live yoar foe. 36q 

He spoke and frown*d, nor longer deign*d to-stajr^ 
Sternly his hand withdraw, and stride wtnj. 

Meantime, o'er all the d<»Be, they quaff, they foaatp 
Derisive taunts were spread from guest to guest. 
And each in jovial mood his mate addrest. 305 

Tremble ye not, oh friends! and eoward fly, 
DoomM by the stern Telemachus to die? 
To Pyle or Sparta to demand supplies. 
Big with revenge, the mighty warrior flies: 
Or comes from Spliyr^ with poisons fraught, 370 
And kills us all in one tremendous drang^ ! 

Or who can say (his gamesome mate repUes) 
But, while the dangers of the deeps he tries. 
He, like his sire, may sink depriv'd of breath, 
And punish us uokindly by bU death ? 375 

What mighty labours would he then create. 
To seize his txtsasures, and divide his state. 
The royal palace to the queen convey. 
Or him she blesses in the bridal day ! 

Meantime the lofty rooms the prince surveys, 380 
^ere lay the treasures of th' Ithacian aacei 
Here ruddy brass and gold refulgent blaa'd; 
There polish'd chests embroidered vestures grac'd ; 
Here Jars of oil breath'd forth a rich perfame ; 
There casks of wine ia rows adom*d die done 38S 
(Pure flavorous wine, by gods i» bounty given. 
And worUiy to exalt Che foasts of heweo.) 
Untouch'd they stood, till, his long labows o*er. 
The great Ulysses readied his aative shore. 
A double strength of bars seour'd the gates : 3^0 
Fast by the door the wise Curydea waits ; 
Buryclea, who, great Ops i tiiy lineage slutf^ 
And watch'd alf night, all day, a foithfol guard. 

To whom die prince : O thou, whose guardian eara 
y ors'd the most wretched king that breathes the air C 



BOOK n. IRK OSTfSSST. si 

Ifiitoadb'd mad nered umy tiMpe vcsmIs tUnd, 990 
TUJ giMt Vljwaet Tiews his matdve land. 
Bi|t by tbj care cvelve nna of vine W ftlfd ; 
IVext dwse in wotth, and lim tliOM wmt be teard ; 
A»d twice ten neeeores of the ciioiceet flonr 409 
Pivpor'd* c*er yet dee c en ds die evening hour. 
For when tiie (vr<nam§ diades of oight arise. 
And peacefvl sluiriwrf dose my modiorU eyes. 
Me firou our coast sfaaH spreading saila convey. 
To seek Ulyeees tiuoof^ the waiery vay. 400 

While yet be spoke, sbe fiHM the walls with cries. 
And tears Tan tricklltag from lier aged ey^. 
Oh whitlMr, whither ilies my son ? she ery*d, 
To realna, tlmt ro^s and roaring seas divide i 
In foreign lands thy firthei's days decay'd, 419 

And foreign lands coutam tiie nugbty dead« 
The watery way iU-foted if then try. 
All, all must perish, and by fsaad you die ! 
Then stay, my child I stonns beat, and rolls the naio; 
Oh» beet those storms, and roll the seas in vain ! 414 
Vmr hence (reply'd the prince) thy foara be driven t 
Heaven enUs me forth; thesecouaselsareofHeaven^ 
But, by tlie powers that hate the peijur'd, swear. 
To keep my voyage from the royid ear« 
Her uncompeird the dangerous truth betray, 4fiO 
nil twice six tioms descends the lamp of day t 
Lest the snd tale a mother's life impair. 
And grief destroy what ti^ie awhile wonld spaie. 

pws he. The matron with uplilfced eyee 
Attests III' all-seeing soveiaeign of the skies. 4^ 
Then studious riie psepares tiie choicest flour. 
The strength of wheat, and wines an ample stoiOt 
'While to the rival train tlie prince retnmsy 
The martial goddess with impatienoe bums ; 
like thee, Tslemaehus, in voloe and siae, 430 

With speed divtee from street to street }he iies» 
She bids the mariners prepas'd, to stand. 
When i^it descends, embody*d on the stmnd> 
Then to KoSmon swift she runs, sbe dies, 
Audask«abark:.thecbiefabe^stspplics. 435 



M THE OBY88BT. BOOK II. 

And now, decUniag vith his sloping vlioeU, ' * 
Down sank ths sun behind the western hills. 
The goddess shov*d the vessel from tiie shores. 
And stow*d within its womb the nsvel stores, 
f nil in the openings of the spedons nudn 440 

It rtdes; and now descends the sailor-train. 

Next, to the court, impatient of delay. 
With tapid step the goddess vrg *d her way : 
Ther^ every eye with slomberoos chains she lK>«mdy 
And dash'd the flowii^ goblet to the ground. 445 
Drowsy they rose, with heavy fumes opprost, 
Reel'd from the palace, and retir'd to rest. 
^ Then thus, in Hentor*8 reverend form amy*d. 
Spoke to Telemachas the maxtial maid. 
Lo ! on the seas, prepared the vessel stands, 4ffo 
Th* impatient mariner thy speed demands. 
Swift as she spoke, with rapid pace she leads; 
The footsteps of the deity be treads. 
Swift to the shore they move : along die strand 
The ready vessel rides, Um sailors ready stand. 4S5 

He bids them bring their stores ; th' attending train 
Load the tall bark, and launch into the main. 
The prince and goddess to the »tem ascend ; 
To the strong stroke at once the rowers bend. 
FiiU from the west she bids ftesfa breeaes blow; 400 
The sable billows foam and roar below. 
Hie clxief his orders gives ; th' obedient band ^ 
With doe observance wai^ the chief 'a conmiand : 
With speed the mast they rear, with speed unbind 
lite spacionr'sheet, and stvitch it to Uie wind. 40S 
High o'er the roaring waves the spreading sails 
Bow the tall mast, and swell before the gales; 
The crooked heel the parting surge divides. 
And to the stem retraaUng roil the tides. 
And now they sUp th^ oars, and crown with win* 
The holy goblet to tlie powers divine: 4ftl 

Implorittff all tiie gods that reign above. 
But chief the bloe^iy'd progeny of Jove. 

ipins all the niglit they stem the liquid way, 
Aad «pd (heir voyage with the moraiag ray. 4lf$ 



TlTB 

ODYSSEY. 

BQOKin« 



ABGUliENT, 

flU InUrviem qf Tdemachut and Naior, 

Telcaaebiis gvifdad by Fallat in thtalMptt o€ Menu 
tor, arrivet in tiM m»niiiif «t Pj1<m, «rb«r» Ktstor 
and liis soM are 8a«tn|M:iog oa tbe Ma-ahore ta 
39eptaoe. TalenMckaft .dadarei tbe oeeaaioa of Ua 
ooi^fang ; and Nestor feUtea what past in tlieir r»> 
tarn item Tntj, lioW tbdr fleets were separated, 
and lie never since lieard of Ulysses. Thejr dis- 
coarse caneanMAc ttie death of Agaaeauien, the 
revenge of On^rtes, and tbe injuries of the suiters. 
Kestor advises him t« go to Sparta, and inqoiro 
farther of Sf enelana. The sacriice ending with ' 
the ntfbt, BGoerva ^nnishes feom them in the 
form of an eagles T^^machas is lodged in the 
palaee. The next morning tbej sacrlilee a bul- 
lock to Minerva; and TideinaGhas proeeeds on his 
journey to SparU, attended by Fisistratas. 
- The scene lies en the sea^ihore of Pylos. 



BS 



t M J 



BOOKIU. 

n^HE Mer«d sun, above the watara rais*d, 
'** lliro* He«ven*» eternal, braaen portals blas'd; 
And wide o'er earth diffusM his cheering ray, 
To gods and men to giye the goiden daj, 
}Tow on the coast of Fyle the vessel falls, H 

Before old Neleas* venerable walls. 
There snppliant to the monarch of the floods 
At nine green tiieatres the ^Uans stood, 
Xach h^d five hundred (a deputed train,) 
At each, nine oxen on the sand lay slain. lo 

They taste the entr^, and the altars load 
Vith smoldng thighs, an offwing to the god. 
Full for the port the Ithacensians stand. 
And furl their sails, and issne on tlie land. 
TjBlennchns already prest the shore ; Iff 

17ot first, the power of wisdom marchM befiMe, 
And ere the sacrificing throng he join'd, 
Admonish'd thns his well-attending mind. 
. Proceed, my son 1 this youthful shame expel ; 
An honest business never blnsh to tell, to 

To learn what fates thy wretched sire detain, 
We past the wide, immeasnrable nudn. 
Meet then the seiuor fur renowned fbr sense, 
'Wttii reverend awe, but decent confidence : « 
Urge him with truth to frame his fidr replies ; SS 
And siffo he will : for wisdom never lies. 

Oh tell me. Mentor! tell me, fMtbful guide 
(The youth with prudent modesty reply*d,) 
How shall [ meet, or how accost the sage, 
Unskill'd in speech, nor yet mature of age ? 30 

Awful th* approach, and hard the task appears. 
To question wisely men of riper years. 

To whom the martild goddess thus rejoin*d. 
Sisrcli, for some thoughts, thy own suggesting mind ; 
And others, dictated by heavenly power, - 99 

fihaa lite spooiaMoas la the M«dfai hour. 



For aaaflit W K pn&ptnm* thall Ay vmys ftttend, 
Bon with good oaeoi, aad vUh flaaveo thy firimd. 

She tpoke, and l«i the way nith •wiflast tpoed ; 
As svift» the yooth powaM the way the led ; 4« 
Aad joia'd^e band before the tacrad fiiew 
IXThere sate, eaconpast with his soni, the thrt. 
The yotttfa of Fyltn, aome on poi at ed wood 
Tru^M the fragaantSy mnm prapar*d the food : 
la firieadly throBfs tfa^ gather to embrace 46 

Their mdmown gaeats^ and at tiie baaqwet plaee. 
Tbiatratva was fint to grasp Aeir hands* 
And spread soft bides npon the yellow sands ; 
Al<»g the shMV th* iUnstrions pair he led. 
Where Nestor late withyonthfol lluasjnad. ^ 
To each a portion of tLe feast he bore. 
And held the golden goUot foemhig o*er ; 
Then first approaching to the elder gaest* 
The latent goddeM in Aeie words addrast. 
Wbe'er tfaoa art, whom fortane brings to keep S^ 
These rites of Heptane, monarch of the deep. 
Thee first it fits, dh stranger ! to prepare 
The dne libadon and the solemn prater: 
Then give diy friend to shed the sacred wine ; 
Thovgh mnch thy yonnger, and his years like miae^ 
He too, I deem, implores thn power divine : A 

For all mankind alike require their grace. 
All porn to want; a miserable race I 

He spake, and to her hand preferred the bowl : 
A secret pleasare toach'd Athena's soul, 61 

To see the preference due to sacred age 
Regarded ever by the just and sage. 
Of Ocean's king she then implores the grace. 
<Ni thoa ! whose anas this ample globo emfaraest» 
Fulfil our wish, and let thy glory shine TO 

On Nestor first* and Nestor's royal line ; 
Next grsnt the ^li«n states their just desires^ 
Fless'd with their hecatomb's ascending firsa ; < 
I<ast deign Teleuiachus and me to bless, 
And crown our Tojrsge with desired snocess. T^ 

Thus she : and having paid the rite dlTiae* 
•are to Ulysses' son the rosy wine. 



96 su omram; book 

Xb«y drrnw, divUe» aad edebrate the test. 

XtM bMtqact 4MMb the Bamtlvtt old ■m, 80 

•Thus mild, the plMdog coofereoM begAii. 

Nov, goatlo g«6f tt ! tiie gooktl baaqnet o'er. 
It fits io Mk j«b what jow native ghore. 
And wheaee jownee ? on vh^ edveatwv, any, 
Thos Aur jon vaader thioocli tbo wnteiy wnj ? 85 
JteUte, if bMinoM, or tin tfaint of gain. 
Engage your jowacgr o'er tiie patJileM SMia : 
VherQ lavago pirntai aoek thioagb ewa aakaovB 
The lives of others, yentuons of their own. 

Urg'd by the precepts by the goddess given, 90 
And fiU'd with confidenee ialss'd ftom Heaven, 
The youth, vhoni Pallas destined to be vise 
And &m*dai>ong the sons <rf«en,Mp]ies. * 
Inqoir'st then, father ! from irhat eoest we case? 
(Oh grace and glefy of die Oredsa name !> |^ 

I^m where high Ithaca overlooks the floods. 
Brown with o'er<4U«hing shades and peodeiit woods. 
Us to these shores onr fiUal do^ draws, 
A private sorrow, not a pobiic canse. 
My sire I seek, where'er the voke 6f fiiae lOO 

lias told the glories of his noble name, 
Sflio great Ulysses ; fam*d from shmw to shore 
JFor valour nnich, for hardy raffsring mora« 
Long\ime with thee befbre proud Ilion*s wall 
In arms he fought : with thee beheld her fall. lOS 
Of all the chlafii, tUs hero's fiile altMo 
Has Jove reserved, a«heard4>f, and unknown; 
Whether in fields by hostile fury slain. 
Or sunk by tempests in the gnlfy msin ? 
Of this to learn, opprsst with tender fears, 110 

Ia, at tiiy kaee his suppliant son appears. 
If or thy certiin eyat or enrlous ear. 
Have ieemt his tee, the whole dark story elear : 
And, oh 1 wkete'er heaven destfn'd to betide, 
I«t neither iatlery smooth, nor ptty hide. 115 

I^par'dlstaad: be was but bom to tty 
'Ae loi of man ? to Mffer and to die. 



BOOK ffl. TBS ODTMBT. 



IbM, if e««r ttvoi«b tfM tan yMtft" 
Use wise, Hw good Ut^MM daiai'd thy 
Ife'flr he joia'd diy cooaeU, or thjtvord, 190 
IVae ia liis doed, aad couMBt to Ids wofd ; 
Far as tiiy adad tii oa gh bacivard iIbm ^/m sat, 
Seardi ail tiiy stores of fUthfal Msaiory : 
lis sacrad trath I ask, sad asic of tliaa. 

To liiai espertoae'd Nastor khas vefoia'd : tti 
Ofrieod! what aonov* doat tlioa Mug to alad I 
Shall I the leag, laborioas scene raviaw, 
.dad open all Hie waauds of Orsaee aaew ? 
Vbat toils by sea! where dark ia qasst af pray 
Baantlass we ror'd; AefaiUea led the way: lao 
What toils by land ! wheta adz'dia fklsl flght 
Sacfa naaihen Ml, saeh heroes svak to alght: 
Ihera Ajax graat, Aefailles theia Hm brsYe, 
Ihera wise Fatrodas, lill aa early gnnre : 
Ibere too my son— ah, once my bast daMfht, 136 
Oace swilt of faot, and tarriMe in fight ; 
la wima stern coarage with soft viitae J^a'd, 
A foaltleas lK>dy and a blaawless salad : 
Antilochos— What more eaa I relate ? 
How traoe the tedioas series of oar ftto i 140 

Ket added years on years my task eoold close. 
The long historian of my coaatry*s woes : 
Back to thy native islands adgh^st thoa sail. 
And leave half-heard the amlaadioly tale. 
Viae paiaftil years «n that detested shiMe ; 14$ 
WLat stratogeaw we fona*d, what toils we bore I 
Still laboaring on, till scarce at last we ftrand 
Great Jove propitioas, and oar ooatpMst crowa'dr 
Far o'er the rest thy mighty father shin'd, 
f B wit, in psttdence, and ia force of adnd. 150 

Art thoa the son of that Ultastiions siret 
With joy I grasp thee, and with love admire. 
So like yonr TOiees, aad yonr words so ^idse. 
Who finds lliee younger mast cansalt his eyes. 
Thy sire and I were oae ; nor vairy'd oaght tUr 
la public aeiittQcei oria privato thoaght ; 



98 TOE 0BY8SET. BOOK nt. 

Alike to eoonctl or th* asseoMy ctme. 

With equal sottis and aenUmenU the game. 

But when (by wisdom von) |»oad Ilion bnni'd. 

And in their ahips tho eoaquerinirOrdeka retnm'd 160 

*Twas God*s high will the ▼ieton to divide, 

Aad turn tb* event, confoojiding buman pride : 

Some he destroyed, acme scattar'd aa the dust 

(Kot all were prudeikt, and not all were juit.) 

Then Discord, acfot by Pallaa from above, 169 

Stem daughter of the great avenger Jove, 

The brother-kings inspir'd with fell debate; 

Who caird to council all th' Acaiaif state. 

But caira untimely (not the tacred rite 

Observ*d nor heedful of Oie setting light, 170 

Nor herald sworn the session to proclaim*) 

Sour with debauch, a reeling tribe tiiey c^me. 

To these the cause of meeting they explain. 

And Menelaus moves to cross the m^n ; 

Not so the king of men : he will'd to sUy, 175 

The sacred rites and hecatombs to pay, 

And calm Minerva's wrath. Oh Mind to fate ! 

The gods not lightly change their love, or hate. 

With ireful teunts each other they oppose. 

Till In loud tumult all the Oreeks arose. IM 

Vow different counsels every )>reaat divide. 

Each boms with rancour to the adverse side : 

Til* unquiet night strange projects entextain'd 

(So Jove, that org*d us to our fate ordaln*d.) 

We« with the rising mom onr ships unmoor'd, 18t 

And brought our captives and our stores aboard ^ 

But half the people with respect obey'd- 

The king of men, «ud at his bidding sUy*d. 

Now on the wings of winds onr course, we keep 

(For God hath smoothed the waten of the deep ;) 190 

For Teaedos we spread our eagw oars. 

There land, aad pay duo victims to the powers : 

To bless our saCs return, we join in prayer; 

But angry Jove dispersed our vows in air. 

And rais*d new discord. Ihen (so Heaven decreedO 

Ulysses first and Nestor disagreed : 19i 



-BOOK nt. THE ODT8SET. ap 

Wise M lie ir«», by vuiovt coobmIii tway'd. 

Be there, thoa^ Ute, to please tiie n^Bardi, sUy*d. 

Bet Is determine, steii% the foeaty floods, 

▼en'd of tiie eoflaiaf tury of the fods. SOO 

With us, Tydides feei'd, ejid argM his haste : 

And MenaleBs caBie,.b«tcaBM the lest. 

He yaa?d «ov ▼esseU in tile LesUaa bay. 

While yet We doubted of our watery way; 

If to the right to urge the pilot's toil 905 

(The safer road,) beside the AyriaB Isle; 

Or d»e.strai|^t cowae to rocky Chios ploogh, 

■And anchor under Minas' riiaggy bfow. 

We'sou^t direction of tiw power dlviae ; 

The god pn^ilioas gave the gviding ^gn ; !!• 

Throogh tiie mid seas he bid our navy steer, 

Aad in Eniietkahnn the woes we fear. 

Ihe whistling winds already wakM the shy ; 

Before the whistling winds tiie veeeels fly, 

mth rapid swiftness cot the liquid way, f 15 

And rettch Gerestos at the point of day. 

Ihere hecatombs of bulls, to Deptnae sliJo, 

Hic^.flaning pleaie the monarch of the main. 

Ihe fourth day sh<fne, when all their labours o*er. 

Iodides' vessels touched the wish'd-for shore. 8S0 

But I to ^los send before the gales. 

The gods stUl iMwathing on my swelling satDi ; 

SqMnte from all, I safely landed here; 

niieir fates or fortunes never reaehM my ear. 

Yet what I leam'd, attend ; as here I sate, SS5 

And ask*d«each voyager each hero's fete ; 

CnrioQs to know, and willing to relate. 

Safe readiM the Myrmidons tiaeir native land. 
Beneath Achilles' warlike son*s command. 
Ihose, whma the heirof great Apollo's art, 990 
Brave Philoctetes, taught to wing Uie dart; 
And those whom Idomen from llioo's plain 
Had led, securely crost the dreadful main. 
Bow Agamemnon touch'd his Arglve coast. 
And how his life by fraud and force he lost, S39 
And how the murderer paid hia forfeit breath ; 
What lands S9 distant f^om thaVsc^yie of dwth 



4* THS ODVaS&T. *BODK IXfw 

But fcrettblipg baard ^ foii»9? anil heard, «4m|(« 
How well th# son appcaa'd hit slavghtar'd sic* 1 i 

£v*o to tb' aobappjr, that niyuatly blaed* S40 i 

Heaven g Wes poateritjt t' aveiige the deed, i 

So fell JEajstbtu ; ao maj'st thou, mf friead t 

(On whom the virtues of, thy aire dt^icend,) \ 

Kake futnra timffa thy equal act adore, \ 

And be what brave Orettaa waa Intfore i 9^ i 

The prudent yoyith r^y*d : O thou the grace i 

And lasting § loiy of the Ckcclaik race I i 

Just was the vengeaaoa, and to latest days . i 

Shall long posteri^ resound the pta|Ki» i 

Some god this ana with equal prowMa Meaa t it60 t 

And the pro^d suitora shall its force ooafess ; i 

Injurious men I who while my soul is sore i 

Of fresh affronts, are meditating mott* 
But Heaven denias this honour to mj hand* i 

Nor shall my &ther re<posaass the land : SdS I 

The father's fortune never to reUnm, i 

And the sad son's to suffer and t» mourn 1 i 

Thus he : and Kestor took the word : My son« 
Is it then true, aa distant rumours run, i 

That crowds of rivals, for thy mother*s chatma S6o 
Thy palace fill with insults and alaroM ? 
Say, is the fault, through tame subauaiion, thine i 
Or, leaguU against thee, do thy people join^ 
MevM by some oracle, or voiee divine ? 
And yet who knows, but ripening lies in fate 865 
Af hour of vengeance for th^ affiictad state ; 
When great Ulysses shall suppvass these ^anos, 
Ulysses singly, or all Greece in arms. n 

But if Athena, war'a triumphant maid, 
The happy aon will, aa the fother, aid 8T0 

(Whose fame and safoty waa her constant care 
In every danger and ia eveiy war: 
Never on man did heavenly fovour shine 
With rays so atrong, disllnguish'd, and divine, 
Aa those with which Minerva awrk'd thy aire.) -^75 
So might she love thee, so thy soul loapfare I 
Soon should th^ hopes in hnmble dust be laid, 
And lop& obUvio|i of tbo bridal bed. 



BOOIC m. TBE ODT88BT. 41 

Ah ! ao fub^fao^ (th« prteee with tlj^ rtpllw) 
Can tovch ny breast ; tibat McMiiig Baavaa daniet. 
Ev'n by celastial &vmir ^rara it givan, Ml 

Fortme or firta wo«l<i craat tha will of Haavao. - 
What wonia ara tfaasa, and what uBpradanca tUaa ? 
(Tbot intaviMa'd tha martial maid dtviaa) 
Forgatfal yo«th I bat knav, tha Fowar abata Stf 
With aaae can aave aach object of hia love; 
Wide as hia Irili, extends his booadlaM giaca: 
Kar leat in tiaM» nor curcnnaerib'd by place. 
Bsfipier hia lot, who, aitfiy somwi past, 
Loeg labooring gains his natal shore at last; I90 
Ihsn who, too speedy, hastes to and his Ufb 
By some stem mlian, or adnlterons wile. 
Death only is the lot, which none ceo miss. 
And all is poaaibie to Heaven, but this. 
The best, the dearest i»9onrlte of the sky flQft 

Meat taste that cnp, for men is born te die. 

Tbns checkM, repIyM Ulysses' pmdent heirs 
Mentor,, no mcnro'^be monmfnl tiion^t forbeer; 
For he no more must draw his country's breath/ 
Already snatdi'd by fiite, and the black doom of 

deAh! 
Bus we to other snbjects ; and engage 301 

On thanMS reaaote the venerable sege 
(W1m> thrice hea seen the perishable kind 
Of men decay, and tbnrai^ three 'ages-ahin*d 
lAe gods miotic andiike gods in miod ;) 305 
For nAich he knows, and just conclusions draws, 
Fnm Tarioos precedents, and various laws* 
OsonofNelensI awful Keator, tell 
How he, the mighty Agamwn^on, &11 ; 
By what strsnge fraud jl^sthus wrought, relate 310 
(By force he could not) such a hero's -fiite i 
liv'd Menelahs not in Greece i or where 
Wes then the martial brother's pious care ? 
Condemn'd perimpa soaae fteeign shore to tread; 
Or sura JEgysthus had not dar'd the deed. 3J3 

To whom the full of deys. Jllustrioos youth. 
Attend (though partly thou hast &uest) the truth* 



m !mE ODTSSET. BOOK hy. 

For had tiM m«tua M»ael>tt» fotuid 

The Toffittk breatblaf yet on Acfivs gfooitd ; 

Ifor earth had hid his carsass firam tiie efcles^ aao 

Nor Oreciui ^vi^iiii ahriek'd hie ohieipiifl». 

Bat fowls obeeeoe dismenberad hie ranaiiiB, 

And dogs had torn him on -tin aaked fdaias. 

While us the wertoof bloody Mare eiiipioy*<4. 

The wanton youtia ingloxiom peaoe eajoy'd ; ags 

He, attetch'd at ease in Axgos' ^alm seeets 

( Whose.stately steeds lautnriant-|»alwres bleae,) 

With flattery's iMiBaatiag ant 

fioeth'd Ae fWdi qoeen, and .pot8on*d all her beert. 

Affirst, with woi^y shane and.deonnt pcide» 890 

The royal dame bis inwleas salt deay'd. 

For virtue's image yet possest ber mind. 

Taught by a OMStv-of the tanefal Jdndr 

Atridesy parting -for the ZVojan "anr, 

Consiga'd die yoatiifal consort to bis «are. $SS 

True to his cfaefge, tlie baied fireserv'd her Joag 

In hoaenr's limits ; sadi ^e power of sonf » 

But wbeo the gods tlieae obiectS'<tf their hate 

I'ngg'd to destaroetioa by the liaks of fete ; 

The bard they banish'd from his native m(A, 34o 

And left all helpless in a desert iele: 

There he, the sweetest of the saered train. 

Sang dying to the Boeks» bat sang in <faia. 

Then virtue was ae au>re ; her guard away* 

ttito felly to last a volantary.piay. S4S 

Xv*n'to the teaq>le stalii'd to' adnltorons sp&aae. 

With impious thaaks* aad OHNAery of vowa, 

Wito images,^wito gwoMOts, aad wito gold ; . 

And odorous fumes fnm loaded altus roll'd* 

Meantime ftom flaming Troy we cat tile wa^* S50 
With Menelaiis, through toe earliagaea. 
But when to Soniua's sacred point wa eama» 
Crown'd wito toe teo^lle of th* Athaaiaa dame } 
Atiides' pilot, Phroates, then expiir'd 
(Tbrontes» of all tlie sons of men adssir'd 99^ 

1^ steer the bonadiag baik wito steady toil, 
Wbea toe atom thiehonsy aad tha bUlowt boil i> 



in. THB ODTSBET. «3 

While yt he tfrnataTd <he mmwiM^ «rf^ 
ApeUo tMMli*d hiM «ilh Ue geptie dtft ; 
BVa with the raddorin his hM^ he Ml. 9go 

To fwy whoee hoaoon to Htm ahote of hell. 
We cheel^d owr haste, by pAoee eftpe hodedt 
And laid o«r old.ooBye»ie& te the 



Swontiiecloeaaybeaoeiof tfiedeep: 3tt 



Sadden the Thandanr Mackeoa ell tli% fkiM^ 
ilad tfa»viade whistle, aad the snigee roll 



ThetampeetecattetB, aeddMdeBovrJevt; SfO 
Pkrt, theetom srgeseatheeoastef OMfei, 
Where wiadtog ranad thegJeh-Ofifaielaii plaitt. 
The streaauf ef Jaidaa Imuu «>e.tha «aia. 
There ktaads a mek, higii imiaiintandelaep, 
Whoee thaegy btvw o'erfaaaga €m ahadjr deep, 9(fi 
Aad views Oortyna on 4lie western aide ; 
On tUs vongh Anster dreve th' impataons tide : 
With bipekea fiwee the btUowatfoU^d avaj. 
And heav'd tiia fleet into th* neighb^riag hay. 
Thus savM from death, they gain'd the FhsMtan 

abores. 
With shattei'd ▼enelft aad disabled ears; 361 

BetiTre tdl barks the wiatds and wataie tost. 
Far fma their felhms oa th* Egyptian ceest. 
Thcra wander'd Menekms tlwoagh fot^n shores, 
AnsMlBg gold, aad'gathering naval storas, 385 
While corse JEgyathas the detested deed 
By fraud f^lflU*d, aad his great brother Med. 
Seven years, the traitor rich llyeeniB sway*d> 
Aad his stam rale the groeaiag land obegr'd; 
The dghth,-li«m Athens to his realm restor*d, 300 
Omtes bvandiah'd the revenging eweid, 
Slevtlie dire pefr, and gave to faneral flame 
The vile assassin, and adalteroas dame. 
That day, ei« yet the bloody cdnmphs cease, 
lUtvm'd Atridea to the eeeat of Ovaeoe, 99f 



44 THE ca>T88IY/ BOOK UI. 

And Mfe to Argos' port hit navy brooght, 
With gifu of price, aa4 pottdwous trc!«»are fratitgbl^ 
Hence wamM, my ton, beware ! nor idly ftand 
Too long a •traognr to tliy native land ; . 
Lest beedlesB ateence wear thy wealth away, 460 
While lawless feneters in thy palace sway ; 
Perhaps may seise thy realm, and sbera the spoil ; 
And thou retnm, with dis^poioted toil, 
iVon thy vain journey to a rifled isle. 
Howe'er, my firtond, iad«lge one lahonr nUNre, 4/06 
And seek Atrides on the Spartan shore. 
• He, wandering loi^, a wider elveie made. 
And many lai^«ag*d nations has snrrey'd ; 
And messnr'd tsaets unknown to ether ships 
Amid the menstrotts wonders of the deeps 4tO 

(A length of ocean and unbounded sky, ^ 

Which scarce the sea-fowl in a year o'erfly.) 
Oo then ; to Sparta take the watery way. 
Thy s^ip and sailers but for eiders stey ; 
Or, -if by land thou choose Ay course to bend, 4lJ 
My steeds, my chariots, and my sons, attend: 
Thee to Atrides they shall safe convey. 
Guides of tiiy road, companions of thy way. 
Vrge him with truth to frame his free replies, 
And sure be wiU : for MeneiaUs is wise. 4fi0 

Tims while he speaks the rudd]^ sun desoendSp 
And twilight grey her evenia|[^dftade extends. 
Then thus the blue^y'd maid : O fuU of daya 1 
Wise are thy .words, and just are all lliy mtij; 
Kow immolate the tongues, and mix the wine, 4£ft 
Sacred to Neptune and the powers divine. 
The lamp of day is quench'd beneath the deep. 
And soft approach the balmy hours of sleep : 
Kor fiu it to |M«lottg the heavenly foMt, 
Timeless, indecent, but.retire to rest. 49o 

So spake Jove's daughter, the celestial gudd. 
Hie sober train attended and obey'd. 
The sacred heralds on their hands aronnd 
Pour'd the full urns ; the youths the goUets crowft*d i 
V^om bowl to bowl the holy beverage flows; 49S 
WbUe to the final sacrifice they rose. 



BOOK HI. THB ODtSSBT. 

IRm tooigsutiMjr cast upon dM fraffsnt 

And poor, above, tbe eaaMcmtad aCraMB. 

Aad nov, tfaair tUrst bj copiMn diai^ct allay'd, 

Hm jootfafol beroaad Ch' AthaaiaB aaid 4M 

TkapoM dapartaie £raai the iaiiii'd nte» 

Aad ia their hollow bark te paM tte Bight: 

But this the hoepitiMe sage de^y'dU 

FocUd it JoTe! and all the godsl he cry'd, 

Thas ftem my valla the in ch Jo^d sea to send 4tf 

Of sadi a heroy and of snch a friend 1 

Me, as some need j peasant, wenld ye leavg^ 

Vbsm heasno dciniafl the Messing to nUeve ? 

Me woald*ye leave who beset iajperial swa j, 

Whea beds of royal state invite jonr stay i 400 

Ve— long aa life this asortat shaU iqtpiie. 

Or w my cha dr an iasitate their sire,. 

Here siiaU the waaderiag stiaager itaui his linms. 

Aad hospitable rites adorn the dooMu 

Well heat thoa spoke (fiie bln»ey*d maid, nw 
fdieaj US 

Bdov'd old BMn I benevolent as wise. 
Be tbe kind dictates of thy heart obe/d, 
Aad let thy words Teteaiacfana persaade: 
He to thy palace shall thy steps -pnrsoe ; 
I to tiie ship to give tiie orders dee, 460 

Prescribe dUrections and confirm the crew* 
For I alone snstain their naval carss, - 
Who boast exparienoe Horn these silver hairs; 
AU yenths the resl^ wlwm to tiiis jonraey ssove 
like years, like teBiperB,and their pfinces love. 4/6$ 
There i* the vessel shall I pass the night; 
And soon as morning paiatadie fields of ligh^ 
I go to challenge from the Cancoos bold, 
A debt, contracted in the days of old. 
Bat this thy goest* rMeived with firiendly cars, dl|* 
Lst thy atreng eeurses swift to Sperta bear; • 
Prapare thy chaiiot at the dawn 9f day, ' 
And be thy son companion of Ins way. 

Then tnndng with the word, Minerva files, 
Aod lotrt na esfle thiongh the U<i«id ikles. 479 



46 THE 0]>n8Br» BCIOK. irw. 

Vision disiiit 1 the tfaroiigM apeotatois gase 

In holy voBdOT Ax*d, and HiU aniMe. 

B«t ehief (lie reverend sage adair'd ; he took 

Hie hand of yonng T^eaMclMM» and apoke* 

Ob, happy youth 1 and fimnu'd of the tUea, ^ao 

DisUngttiah'd care of gnaidian d^tiaal 

Whose early years for fotnre worth engage^ 

No vulgar manfaoodf nodgnoble age. 

For lo I none otiier of the oonrt ahove 

Than she, the daughter of almighty Jove> 4Bft 

Pallas bfitpelf, the war-tcimaphnnt maid, 

Confe<t is thine, as once thy fiitfa«r*a aid» 

So guide me, goddess; so propttioaa shine 

On me, my consort and my royal tine ! 

A yearling bnUoek to thy name shall smokc^ 4go 

.Untamed, unconsoionaof tiie galiing yoke. 

With ample forehead, and yet tender boras. 

Whose budding hononrs dnettle gold adorns* 

^ SulMnissive thns the hoary sire preferred 

His holy vow : the favouring goddess heard. 4gg^ 

Then, slowly rising, o*« the sandy spaoe 

Precedes the father, fisUow'd by his race, 

(A long procession) timely anrching home 

In comely order to the regal dome. 

Hiere when anriv*d, on thrones around him plae*dfe, 

His sons and grandsons the wide circle grae'd. aoz 

To these the hospitable sage, in sign 

Of social welo>me, adx'd the racy wine 

(Late hon the mellowing oask restored to Ughl^ 

By ten long years refia'd, and rosy bright). SOtt 

To Pallas high the foaming bowl hecrttwn'd. 

And sprinkled large Ubatlens on the gionnd. 

Each drinks a fnll oblivion of his caroa. 

And to the gifts of balmy sleep ropairs. 

Deep in a rich aloove the princ4 was laid, «tO 

And slept beneath the pompons colonnade; 

Past by his side Pisistratns lay spread, 

(In age his equal) on a splendid bed : 

Bnt in an inner eonrt, securely closed. 

The reveiend Nestor and his queen repoa'di MiS 



Wlien mtfw Aarav% daaghiBr of tik* 
With unj Jmatffm t f lk t d &^ tiie iftw»; 
The old nan mH j flOM» w«lk*4 fcrth^ Md Mto 
Oa polish*d sUmm lwi»f« hw palM« gate ; 
WitfaaagMDttNM0tiith«liMMMaMotlMM, 5M 
Where anciMt KdfMM nta, ft fwlle llfeiMM; 
Bet he daw ead l ug t» th* iefanial ahMto, 
Sage Vestor flU*d it, and Ihe aceptoe swaj'd. 
K»M»u eronadhiBiiaUd ofcitnart pej, 
Aed ddtoeoe take Ae ordera of the daj. 5*5 

Pint Bchephioe aad Siratias (|ak tbair bed : 
Tbea PenoM, .^>atat, aad Xhnajaad; 
Hm last Plaisliataa afOM fteai fMt: 
Thejr rwmr, aod near Mm placM the strMifarf oatt. • 
To these tiieaeBierthasdeeltf'dhu will: 580 

Mjioaal tiMdlctM»«of3ro«rtif«faltl. 
To Fillae, faU. of god*, piepara the featt. 
Who grae*d oar iltca, a aMiro than awrtat gaatt. 
Let one, diapatdtrfhl, Md soom swaia to laad 
A wall-fiBd hallook ftom the gnaay aiaad ; 5M 

One sedk the htfbe«r whave the ytttels moor, 
Aad Mag thy friends, Teleauiehas f ashore 
leave ealy 'two the galt^ to attead ;) 
Aaother to laeroeoo mast we sead, 
Attlst divine, whose skHfal hands iafold M« 

The Tictiam' honi with eircnmfasile geld. 
Ihe rest any here tibe pious datj shace. 
And Md the haadmaids lor the feast prepare. 
The seat* to raage^ the fragrant wood to briog, 
AnAUmpid waters from the living spriag. 54S 

He said, aad haay oadi Us earebostow'd; 
Already at the gales the bttUock loWd, 
Already eamo tlw Ithaceasiaft erew, 
The dextroaa smith ttio tools idready drew: 
His ponderotts, haapaer aad hie aavii soand, 5M 
And the strMig toags to tarn ihe metal roond. 
Kor was Minerro ahaent from the rite. 
She view'd hM> hoaoaia, and eojoy'd the sight. - 
With reverend hand the king presents the gold, 
Which rovhdth'iatorted horns the gUderrolPdt 
80 wroBght» at IkUas night with pride behold. 



48 TUB ODTSftBT. ' BOOK III. 

Toaiig AratiM fron foitb his bridal iioirar 
Brought the full Uver, o*«r their buid* to ponar. 
And caaisters of oonsecretad flour. 
Stratiai and Echephron ttia irictiiB led ; , 4S0O 

The ax vaa held by warlike Thraayaedt 
la act toitrikb : before him Penetia stood, 
T^be vase extending to receive the blood. 
The king himself initiates to tiie power ; 
Scatters with qmverii% hand the sacred flour, 565 
And the stream sprinkles : from the curling brows 
The hair collected in the fire he throws. 
Soon as due tows on eveiy part were paid. 
And sacred wheat upon the victim laid, 
Strong Tbrasymed dischargM the sp eeding blow 570 
Full on his neck, and cut the nerves in two. * 
Down sunk the heavy beast : tht fJMsales round. 
Muds, wives, and matrons, mix a shrilling sound* 
l^or soom'd the queen the holy choir to Join 
(The first-born she, of old Clymenns* line ; SfS 

In youth by Nestor lov'd, of spotless f«m0. 
And lov'd in age, Borydice her name.) 
From earth they rear him,- struggling now with death ; 
And Nestor's yonJagest stops the vents of breath. 
'The soul for ever flies : on all sides round 580 

Streams the black blood, and smokes upon tb« 

ground. 
The beast they then divide, and disunite 
The ribe and limbs, observant of the rite : 
On these, in double cawls involvM with art. 
The choicest motsels lay from every pact* Mft 

The sacred sage before his altar stMidi» 
Turns the burnt^fifering with his holy hands. 
And pours the wine, and Uds the flaases aspire: 
The youth with instruments surround the Are. 
The thighs now sacrific*d, and entrails ^est, 000 
Th' assistants part, transfix, and broil the rest. 
While these officious tend the rites divine. 
The last fiur branch of tho Nestorean line. 
Sweet Polycasti, took the pleasing toil 
To bathe the prince, and pouf libe fragraot oU. 009 



BOOK m. THE CDTaUT. 4f 

O'er hu 4mr lunb* a liovery vest be threw. 

And iflsaed, like a god, to morta- view. 

IQs AMmer seat bedwle the king he found 

Hb people's father with bis peers iuound ;) 

Ail plac'd at ease the holy banquet joia, ()00 

And in the danling goUet langbs the wine. 

The rage of thim and bnncer now supprest. 
The monarch, tqrns him tt> his rojal geest; 
Aad for the promia'd journey bids prepare 
The smbotii-hair'd horses, and tl«e rapid car. COS 
Obserrant of his word ; the word scarce spdlce. 
The sons obey, and join tiiem to the yo)ie. 
Then bread and wine a ready handmaid brings. 
And presents, such as suit the state of kings. 
The glittering seat Telemachus ascends ; 010 

His fiuthful guide Pisistratns attends ; 
With hasty hand the ruling reins he drew : 
He lash'd the coursers, and the coursers flew. 
Beneath the bounding yoke alike they held 
Their equal pace, and smok'd along the field. 015 
The towers of Pylos sink, its views decay, 
Relds after fields fly back , till close of day : 
Then sunk the sun and darfceh'd all the way. 
* To PhersB now, Diocleus'- statel|r seat 
(Of Alpheus' race,) the weary youths retreat. 080 
His house affords the hospitable tit«. 
And pleas d they s4«'ep {the -lessin^ of the night.) 
But when Aurora. dau:zht«r of Vie davn« 
With-rosy lustre purpled oVr the ia a ; 
Again they mount, theii journey to leoew, 025 

And £rom the soundin^t portico they flew. 
Along the waving fields tli^ir way they hold. 
The fietds teceding as tlie chariot roU'd : 
Then s'owly sunk the ruddy glo!>e of light, 
And o'er the sliaded landscape rush d the night* 630 



r 
( 



VJUB 



OBYSSEY. 



BOOK IV. 



ARGOMEKt. 

39ke 'Co9|fercnce wItA jHehelotft. 

Telemftcbas vith FUfotntas arriting at 3pMta, It 
hoipitebly recelvtd 1>y HeiKteus, to whom bci te- 
late» the cusM of his coaliag, ftsd Imrni firMa bim 
nany partlevlsrs of «hat b«Atl the Grooin steoe 
tiie detcroctlon of Troy. He dwells leore at Itfine 
«poa the prophecies of Froleiis to Urn in his nw 

. tern ; from which be acquaints Telentaehoa, that 
Ulysses is detsined in the isUMid ef Calypso. 

In the mean time the suitors eonsalt to deslMiy 
Telemaebus in his voyage home. Penelope is 
apprised of this ; bat comforted in a dream hgr 
Pallas, in the shape -of her sister IphtfaiMa. 



"Tl '■ ' •- *!' ^ -- M. A 



BOOK IT. 

AVD now prmdHiMrtii With tbdr irfac^s feMnodf, 
Sfwiu wtioie wdls a range of hills Sttrroatids : 
At theiMr tome the fapld tabotfr ends ; 
Where Mte AtridM *iiftidst his'bridal friends, 
With double -votrs invoking Hymen's poKrer, 'S 

f bless his soo*s and danghter's nuptial hoor. 

lb«t day, to great AebQletf* son resign*d, 
Hermiotte, the -ftdrest ofher Itind, 
Was sent to erown the long-protract6d joj, 
Eapou8*d before the^ final doom of Troy : ' 10 
iTith steods and gilded cars, a gorgeons train 
Attend the nymph Co^hthitf's distant reign. 
Meanwhile at hdme, to Megi4)eathes' bed 
The Tirgixk-iihoir Alectdf's daughter led. 
Brave 'H^apenthes/frofn a stbrn amonr 15 

^ great -Atfides* age his hand-maid bote: 
To Helen's bed 'the gods atone assign 
Hermione, t' extend the reeal liiie ; 
On whom a radiant pomp oT Gr«iccs wait, 
Resembling Venus in attractive state. ,S0 

While this gay friendly troop the king sil<round« 
Wilh'ftistlval and mifth the roofis resound : 
A bard amid the Joyous circle sings 
High airs, attempered to the vocal strings ; 
Whilst warbling to the varied sfraih, advance itS 
'Tvo sprightly youths to form the bounding danet. 
Twas tl)en, that, issuing tbrougYi the palace gate. 
The splendid car roird slow in regal state : 
On the brig;ht eminence young 17estor shone. 
And fast beride him great Ulysses' son': So 

"Orave Eteoheus saw the pomp appear. 
And speeding, thus addressed the royat ear. 

Tmro youths approach, whose semblant features 
prove 
Their blood devolving from the source oT Jove. 
*% doe reception deign'd, or must tLe^- bend 55 

Their doubtful course to seek a distant Mend f 



«t TffiB OPYSSBT. BOOK FT. 

InMmato ! (with a sigh the king replies,) 
Too long, misjudgiogy have 1 thought thee wise : 
But sure relentless folly steels thj breast. 
Obdurate to reject the stranger-guest; 40 

To those dear hospitable rights a foe, ' ,. 

Which in my wanderings oft reliev'd my woe : 
Fed by the bounty of another's board. 
Till pitying Jove my native realm restored— <» 

Straight be the coarsers from the car releast, • 40 
Conduct the youths to grace the genial feast. 

The seneschal rebukM in haste withdrew ; 
With equal haste a menial train pursue : 
Part led the coursers, from the car enlarg'd. 
Bach to a crib with choicest grain surcharged, J(# 
Part in a portico, profusely grac'd 
With rich magnificence, the chariot plac'd: 
Then to the dome the friendly pair invite. 
Who eye the dazaling roofs with vast delight; 
Kesplendent as the blase of summer-noon, 6S 

Or the pale radian<;e of the midnight moon. 
Fk-om room to room their eager view tliey bend ; 
Thence to the bath, a beauteous pile, descend; . 
Where a bright damsel-train attend the guests 
With liquid odours, and embroiderM vests. 60 

B«fresh*d, they wait them to the bower of stat^ 
Where circled with his peers Atrides sate :- 
TbronM neit the king, a fair attendant brings 
Hie purest product of the crystal springs ; 
High on a massy vase of silver mould, C6 

The burnished laver Barnes with solid gold ; 
In solid gold the purple vintage flows. 
And on the board a second banquet r6se, 
When thus the king with hospitable port :— 
Accept this welcome to the Spartan court; 70 

The waste of nature let the feast repair. 
Then your high lineage and your names declare ; 
Say from what scepter'd ancestry ye claim. 
Recorded eminent in deathless fame i 
For vulgar parents cannot stamp their, rate fS 

With signatures of such mi^estie gfaca. 



BOOK ly. rOfi OBTttBT." 98 

Ceaabif, b«Be«olattt he 8tni|fa% MsigBS 
Hie royal poitioB of tke cliolcett chines 
To eech accepted friend : wifch greceful beete 
Tbey eJiere the boaatin of the rich fepesfe^ " ' M 
Seffic'd, eoft whbpeiiiig thus to Nestor's son. 
His head recliaM, yonog Ithaciuhefttii. 

Yiew'st khoa imao<v*d, O ever-heooar'd nost I 
These prodigies of ait, and veodnms costi 
Akore, beneath, around the palace shines M 

The somiess treasnre of exhausted nines ; 
Hie spoils of elephants the rooA inlay. 
And stadded assber darts a golden ray : 
8nch, and not nobler, in the ftelms abore 
Vy wonder dictates is the dome of Jove. 90 

The monarch cook the word, and grave reply'd, 
Presamptaove are the Tsttnts, and vain ttie pride 
Of man, who dares in pomp with Jove contest, 
Unchang'd, immortal, and supremely blest! 
With all my affluence when my woes are w«igh*d, $5 
Enry. will own the parchase deafly paid. ^ 
For eight slow-circling years by tempests tost. 
From Cyprus to the Aur Phcsnieian eoait 
(Sidon the capital.) I stretched my toil 
Through regions fhtten^d witii the flows of Nile. 100 
Next, .dhiopla's utmost bound explore, - 
And the parch'd bordera of th' Arabism shore : 
Then warp my voyage on tlie souOtem gales. 
O'er the wavm Lyt»imi wave to spread my sails t 
Ant happy clime I where each revolving year 109 
The teeming ewes a triple oflspring bear ; 
And two Mr crescents of translucent bom 
Hie brows of alt their young increase adorn ; 
the shepherd swains, with sure abundance blest, 
On the Alt <ock and rural daintiea feast; 110 

1ft want of herbage makes the dslry fall. 
But every season fills the foaming pail. 
Whilst, heaping nnwish'd wealth, I distant roam; 
Hie best of brothers at his natal home, 
By the di^ fury, of a traitress wifc, 115 

Sods tlM sad eweatot of a Mofsty Uft : 



These riches 4M n l » M ' d,.lHit lii*«^^« 
My wan« |h*«A|ii«M-th9me of evirj Ipvffw; 
T» yon, yoor fi«llMr» hawct meet 4e«. to^ffi 1 IB 

How faTo«rii^ haaacei^ ropaM n|i glaioiitt feMlJi 
With » ftack'd f»tacer««d tavbnriospoUa. 
Oh !■ h«4^ tb»gp<j|tsai«v»<A boeo 4#»y^ 
Aad life, the jtiMt eqNwnstoifi wi|ipiyd 
To those bra^^irarnoMv ^Ai «i«b glovy %tf4i IMtf 
Far from their eottntryr to my cane •■fiis'dr! 
Stilt ia short i|U#n*ls of plMaifit wa«^ 
Regardful of tha friwuttgr liviM I e^iN^ 
I to the gloiioiis dead Mr-vwr daar ! 
Indulge the tdlnita o£ » yalafuik tear. U9 

But ah !' U> ya a »i deiy— tiie* that rwtf 
Thatsad idea wpvnda my ap^^owe braaati 
My heart M e#^ iaaah wilh f^aifiag faia; 
The bowl aaA tas te ful viaod».taiiipt in vaioi; 
H«r aieaffa 90^ pa w ar eaii'olaae my atraamUg ajwi, 
Whenimag*dt9>myaouihmaeiromiiaak, 1S§ 

No peril ii» loy «MM*ha cea»'<l la fnf^m, 
His labours ^fwail'd aaJgp by my lava t 
Aad both alike labMerilbrtwoa bonv 
Fav him ta ««ifarvaad fee mai Ca mDam t HO 

'Whether he waadara aa-Mam^friaadlaw aaafl^ 
Or gUdea ^ Styg&aa gloaaa % paaabra ghas^ 
Ko fame raTaalv taa .daak^fal-of hia doma. 
His good old •&!» aalb aanaai ta<tha toari» 
ElMinea hh iramteUag alapa ; aatimaty cafa Idtf 
Withers the hlaamiar^lg«mr •f hia hair; 
And the c)waia patttMr of hia bad aad^ttwaaa 
Wastes all bar wUaw'd hoars ia leadar moa*» 
While ihufrpatbaUc ta the pffiaaa ba apaha» 
V^m the brave youth tha st fa am faif p aiit m i badk— • 
Stadioos to fail tha gfiaf, ia Taia vapMtt, itt 

Hb face he shraaded with hia pdrpla vaak: 
The awaaaiaaa maaaiah piare*d tha aay diacHli% 
And viewed his fittal lava vltti ▼aatsarpriaa 3 
Ihibloas to press tHatewlar thaaia, or wait tM 

T9 hear the yoat^iiMBira his fiaHmc'a hm 



In this wptQMMi#4 iMM gTAtUIA^l 

BcToTQ tev Mll»tl»'<l » c^<ll «i«kk fMN 

So moves, adfNPI*^ Viti» MiMl MtaMliiBB 

XWsax«r.4h«IMfMMiM«Q£t(»alwMl lOi 

Hie ic«j^ of f y j n ty fc A^liuM >dPi>» 

With «rt iUl«stri9^f^ tethA iMmp of kbmM 

To >pre«i^ Iti« iw(^ <^tf»fl|Mb Hm wpa ctei^ 

Of softest v<^f,,i« kiriiht .4kiiv«*ac«% 

Id her soft hag^ tk* hMi rtegii ft nvtBibravgbi; 
To Spartm's qp^om ofk f»W> tlM JM^iM vai» 
Alcandra g«n^ •ploAs^vCn^faLflnos^ 
Per Polybns bwHMWi (wk0m.mamtk§m. swsy 
Vm wealttiy Vaim «f.£lMUi«» TlMhes otey,) If* 
When to that ctw^ AlrukatUM, cwnrt 

Tvro (%««m.#wft lk# jrichMt «BS relA'4, 
With silver tripo4» tfie kM hoM MsifaTd ; 
4b4 boi}«tMMit fiPMI tte rojral tresMH* «•!(» Utf^ 
Ten eqaal tnlMtt 9i mf^lgeat g okL 
Alcandra, coow^of hic hM> «oaiqMn4, 
A golden di^UlK fWi'* ta HeiM^ hmi; 
And that rirli ^ufi, with^ liwiag atsiptttra wi««iht« 
WUch heap*d i^ vooi thelwanfeaa«s»hf lo brovikU 
The 8llkei\ ^fM^imfmxflkd for «1m 1o«% UI 

Rival'd the luiiwi«tti te «a«ai blown. 
The sawtnAgu^m^ tWft J^^ ho a BaU* frass*dv 
^Bd pljBMtof tlifW ber •oeptar'4 Uird ad<lrasa*d. 
. Who grac* ^r paltM oms, that ftiasdly pair* M* 
Spea^ U>^ ^uiwr Itneaga* or their mmms daclmf 
Uncertain «f tha troth, yet aaaovtroolHI 
Hear «f , Vm bMMltnfi of my breast «a(bl4r 
With w o a^fp wipl; an jondor ohaah 1 tMca 
IliiRfe#m««|th*VlyaBeanra0a» 190 

DiiFas'd o V ^tk resaDoMing Mf* appaav» 
In just similihHtok •ha.gcaea and sir 
Of yooog TeiMi(MlMa.l t^ iovaly boy, 
Who MesaM Uljssea vttk » fathar^l i^f^ 
'Wiltt time t)« Cteoka eonWnM their saelal aMM» 
T* avenge the M«M «6*P itt4M<^^lMraMi ^ ' Ifi 



05 TUB ODYSSBY, BOOK IV. 

Jan k thy Aoaght, tbe kin^ Msentiag cries» 
Metiiinks UJyMes stiiSt^ my woodeiiirg eyes : ^ 

Fall •bines the &ther in the filUtl irame, ^ 

His ports his features, und his shape tfats same: 200 ' 

Soch quick regards his sperkling eyes bestov ; ^i 

Soch wavy riogtets o'er his shoulders flow! ' 

Axtd when he heard the long disastroas store ^ 

Of cans, which in my cause -Ulysses bore ; ^ 

IHmay'd, heart-wounded with paternal woeft, fOS "* 

Above restraint tbe tide of sorrow rose : ^ 

Cautious to let the gashing grief ap|iear, ' 

His purple garment veird the faliin^ tear. ' 

See there confest, Pisistratus replies, 
Die genuine worth of Ithacus tbe wise ! flO ' 

Of that heroic sire tbe youth is spwng, ' * 

But modest awe hath cbainM his timdrous tongue^ * 

Iby voice, king i with pleas'd atteotion beard, ' 

Is like the dictntes of a god rever*d. 
Witii him/at Nestor's high command I came, SIA 
Whose age I honour with a parent** iMune. 
By adverse destiny constrain*d to sue 
For counsel and rediess, he sues to you. 
Whstover ill tbe Mendiese orphan b^anrs, 
Bere«v*d of perents in his infant ye<rs, StO 

8tUl must the trr6ng*d Telemachns sustain, 
If» bopefnl of your aid,' be hopes in tsIa : 
AflSanc'd in your firiendly power alone, 
The youth would vindicate the vaeant throne. 

1« SparU blest, and these denring eyes ttd 

View my friend's son i (the king exntttng cries ;) 
Son of my Mend, by glorious toils approved, 
Whose sword was sacred to 4he man he lov'd : 
Mirror of constant ftiitb, rever'd and mobm'd !> — 
Whan Troy was ruin*d, had tbe chief rMar&*d, >90 
No Greek an aqoal space had e*er postest, 
Of dear alfection in ay gratafot breast. 
I, to confirm tba mutnal joys wa tbar*d. 
For his abode a capital piapaf'd ; 
Argos the seat of sovar^o nle I chotn; S3* 

IMr iaiha piM tl^ fiitnn palaM 



9oqBL IV. MB 09fsi«r. 

Where mj lJly«ie» m^ hll. 

ilnd portion toU/itil^m Hiewiiia 

To ClwB mr v4a«i»l«4wd>ac>i9Q*d • Mil» 

With teemk^ pkntj to f»iMvd tkctir toil. SIO 

Tbere witb .^qomatml M«l v^ tetb had «tnM 

in acts of detarlwwvoleace Md l«ie: 

BroUMefs in p^iif Q» Aut mala ;io €W iB i o twl, 

And death aloiM .diaaolvM tiM fideildkf baadl 

Some ea^W '4>oiMr iihel>li«sf»l«oeiM detirtfirMS 

Vanish'd are all the Mhtinov^ joyB : 

Ihe ao«l of lielwdabip to bp^ b«pe to loat, 

Fated to wander ffop hto oaftal.oaait ! . 

He caa»*d ; a cost ^ffnef .hegan^ftoe, 
Faat stvaaaia a .tide fromtbaaotaoiM lle)«ik'ai«fe&| 
Fast forithe aise abe filial sasronKs 4otf ; Ml 

tlhe wfieifini mwuci^ swelto the adghtgr ittoa « 
Thy cheeks, ;eiai4lcalns» .the taau befkew, . 
White. pictuKd to tbj>miiid appoar'dia^ev 
Thy martiiiL together :• ooitfae Xhrygias plala SOB 
Extended i»le, bgr emvthj Aienitea alaiii 1 
9«t silence soon tiie.ioa of Nestor .bn^e, 
And malting with finteraal ^ity spojce: 

Freqoeat, O king* was Kestonreat to miM 
And charm attentioa with thy cofiiDisi praise : .1^ 
To crown thy varioiw gifts* the sage aasign'd 
Ska glosj of »ifinn capacioas mind : 
With that superior Htlilihnte tiontroul 
This unavailiag impotanoe.of aouU 
Lafe not your .roof with echoing.grifif wsouttd, .«fi5 
Kow for therfeast theftiendly bowl is crown'di 
Aat when] from dewy«ehadB enierftiag bfisht» 
Aurora streaks the aky with orient light, 
dbst ««feh deplore his dead : .tiie •rites of woe 
Are all, alas ! .the iiving em be*low : OIQ 

0*er tbe'congenvtl dust oajoioM to shear 
flOie gracefuK.attrl, and drop the tender tear. 
Then, mingling iatlie vr»ournful pomp with joo, 
1*11 pay.jnyibi»tber«s.gho«t)a watrior'adtfe* 

• Aptilochi^s, . 



ito THE Ol>TS8£ir. io0iC IV. 

And moam Die brmTe Axililochiis, a ntne 275 

Kot ttoreeorded in the rolls of fame : 

IVith strength and speed superior fonuM, in fight 

To face the foe, or iatereept his flight : 

Too early snatcb'd by fate ere knotrn to me I 

I boast a witness of his worth in tiiee. 200 

Toung and maten ! the monarch thvs rejoins. 

In thee reoew*d tbe soul oi Kestor shines : 

Form'd by the care of that oonsonunate sage. 

In early bloom an oracle of age. S8* 

Whene'er his influence Jotc Touchsafes to shower^ 

To bless the natal, and the nuptial hour; 

From the. great sire transmissive to tiie race, 

Tlie boon devolving gives distinguish'd graee. 

Such, happy Kestor ! was thy glorious doom ; 

Around tbeefuti of years, thy offspring bloom, 990 

Expert of arms, and prudent in debate ; 

The gifts of heaven to guard thy hoary state. 

But now let each becalm his troubled breast, 

"Wash, and partake serene the friendly fent. 

To move thy suit, Telemachus, delay, 895 

Till heaven's revolving lamp restores the day. 

He said, Aspfaation swift tlie laver brings; 
Alternate all ^partake the gratt^ful springs : . . 

Then from the lites of purity repair. 
And with keen gust the savoury vi^ds share. 90O 
Meantime, will) genial joy to warm the soul. 
Bright Helen mix'd a mirth-inspiring bowl : 
Temper'd with drugs of sovereign nse, t* assuagn . 
The boiling bosom of tumultuous rage ; 
To clear the cloudy front of wrinkled Care, 906 
And dry the tearful slmces of Despair: 
Charm*d with that virtnoiis draught^ th* exalted mind 
All sense of wpe delivers to the wind. 
Though on the biasing pile his parent lay. 
Or a lov'd brother groan'd his life away, SIO 

Or darling son, oppressed by ruffian-force. 
Fell breathless at his feet, a mangled corse ; 
From morn to eve, impassive and serene. 
The tatn entraoc'd would view the deathftil scene. 



BOOK TV. THK Ol^T8SBV« 0f 

T^eae drffs* so frindlj «• tii«i^ of lilb, SIS 
Briffbt Helen learn'd from Thoae's InpeiW wife ; 
Who »iro7*d the aceptra, vhoic prolific Nile 
Witia TiffioM aamples elotfaoe the fetten'd loU. 
Vith vliolewiBe herkece ous'd, tiio diivAU bene 
Of vegetable venom taiate the plain; 99» 

From PaeoD spreof , their pa6n>n-fod imparta 
To all his Fbaijaa nee his healii^; arta« 
The beverage now pfopar'd t* inspire the fiM^t, 
The circle tboif the beanteout qneen addreaC : 

Xhroa'd in omaipotenM, aopremest Jove au 
Tempers the fates of hmaaa raee above; 
By the $rm sanction of his sovereign will, 
Altenmte are decreed oar good and Ull» 
To feastful mirth be this white hour aOBifn^d, 
ikad sweet discourse, the bsnqaet of the mind. 890 
Mjself, as si s ti n g in the sooal joy* 
VUl tell Ulysses* bold exploit in Troy, 
Sole witness of the deed I now declare: 
Speak you, (who saw) his wonders in the war. 

Seam*d o*er with wounds, which hisown sabie gavt» 
In the vile habit of a village-slave, 930 

The fbo deceived, he pass'd the tented plain, 
I9 Troy to mii^le with the hostile truio. ' 

In tins attire* secure from searchiog eyes, - 
lUl haply piercing through the darb disguise SM 
The chief I chaiieng'd ', he, wboM practls'd wit 
Knew all the serpent manes of deceit, 
Eludes my search : hut when Ms form I vieVd 
Fresh from the bath with Ihigrant oUs renew*d, 
Bis limbs in military purple dressed ; S46 

Kach bri^taning grace die genuin** Greek confess'd. 
A previous pledge, of sacred fsitb obtain'd. 
Till he the lines and Argive fleet regain'd. 
To keep his stay ceocearu ; the chief declai'd 
The plans of war agidnst tlm town prepared. 960 
Xxploring then the secrets of the state. 
He learned what best might urge the Dardan fata f 
And^sale returning to the Grecian host* 
tent many a shade to 7tate*s dreary «oa»t. « 



XVfrOVnBKV. BOOB IT. 



Iiovd grief ra89ttad«4 Am^ th«ftMMrs>emo>, 

But MV pl«i*'4 liotiMi stowM with antret joy : 

For then, wi^^kn wom ^ n t and «OMaU«s alMiaM» < 

I view'd tb*.e«^to of thet' diswtnMie Immv *" 

"Whicht kmdleii b$ th' inpemHirqiiMn ef lov«, ^ 

QoastruD'd me froni; wa^ uatiNre realm to* #ove : 800 

And of^ in bitteraeM of aoul deplor'd 

My absent daoghtar, and my doaver lofd ; 

Admir'd among tbe fimt of hijpaa laeo. 

For oTevy gift of mind and manly gfoea. 

Bight well, reply*d ibo king, yoavB|w««h dtoptaya 
The matd)le»a amrit of tbe obief yo» praim 9&f * 

Heroes in tarions oiinee myseif faarre Ibomd, 
For martisl doada. and depth of thought Pt m tmtf4 y 
But Itbacna* wuivail'diin his olaim» 
liayboastatittotvtheloiideatfcmar: 9i^ 

In battle calm, he gnidea the rapid atorm^ 
Wbe to resolve, and patient, to parfbvm. 
What wondrooa oondnct ia tlM cMaf a p pa ni' di 
^Vhen the vaat &bfie of the steed ve tenr*d I 
Same dmmoo, ansioiia lor the IVejan doom, 9f5 
Vfg'd jou with great B^phoima to eome, 
T expioaa (ho Inod ; with gail•oppoil^d to f«ll«. 
Slow-pacing thrice anMnd th* inaidloss pile; 
Eaeh noted lender^b aMse yoo thrice invoke 
Tom aooant vaQnttg aa'thair spoon* ipeke ; Sa# 
The pletalng sonnds eadi latent wamiov wamTd, 
But most Tydidas- and mr t>»^ alaamNi : 
To qtit the steed .wa both imtrntieat prass^ 
Threatening to answer firma ttw 4faurk fObeaa* 
UanoT'd the mind of Ithacaa ramaia'A; M0 

And 9km ▼ahs ardomrs of omp love laatiaU'd; 
. Bttt Antitilna, onaMo to eontooul. 
Spoke loud the laaguage of his yeai«io( ao«i: 
Vlysaes 8trai|ht» with indigaalle» dr** 
<l»r so the eonmam oara of Oaaaae g«iqafer*d»> 9g§ 
Firm to bis lipa hit IhrcofSal hand* a^yM, 
Vm aa hi* toagwa the «iic»artn| aMttmur* d^r 
Iteaotime Wamt^t^, firom the AaadM hane^ 
Bach to tiM eawt af Pliatt beat 



BOCK IV, Tw mvmsr. 6& 

Vnn is tfae bQ«at»d muibulA of wiM ; 

The leader, QHilglMC with the vaiflv llMty 

Is ia the coiBB»onm>fi» ofqiftttsf loitl 

Bat now let sleep the peiafiilr waste Mpe&r 

Of led reflesqon* end corMding . cwtt* 400 

HeoeasMi the neaial Imf thei mu^ hw ir«kw 
At Helen's beck prepmre the nom Qf atele ; 
Beneath an am^lf poitieo they spread 
The downy fleece te focia the sl^nhrovs bed> 
Afni o*er soft palls of purple gpaaa* iwj^ld 4i0 

Rich tapestry., stiff with iawovea geldi- 
Ihenttowkgh th' iUo«»aa'ddoae» to belasy res* 
Th* obee^ttioaa herald gwdes each priaeely giiMt) 
While U> his regal hewer the hiag aeceAdftb^ 
M4 beauteous Helee qm her l^rd at|e»4s* 410 

Soon as the aiera, ui eraeat pax^le dyee^ 
Unbavf'd tlia poftid ef the rese«l}east» 
The m^&oBch iBse> wa gpii neitt to Hbw» . 
Th' impenal aiea^ e*ev ])«» vest he threw ; 
Tbe gUtteriog fane acltwart hie •hottlder caet». 4iA 
A starry falchi<>a lewHiepe«diiig gf se*d ; 
Clasp'd en bis feet lb* easbfei4er'44MMWbi ihiMj 
And forth he 4>eT«s, JniQflitio iib4 diviBc : 
Instant to y>w»g Telew n <h a s he p9ese^d» 
A0M( thus bea«v9l«ot hie tpeech addiesa*d ^ MO"- 

Sajy royi^ jienlht.MiMeeM nf eoaV mpert 
What cause kutit led fon te the Spenan tomt^l 
Do public or doiqestic: ee«es eoMkrfla 
This iKAlsepM vof^ge o'e» the-saiiry »«!& i 

6 higbly-fiMP0ttf«4 delegate of <love I 4£a 

(Bepliee tht pnnee;> inlUiuJd wMh aiial lov^ 
And anxious bope^ to heae «»y paiiotfe dee»» 
A sappliaaft In ynw royal eeert leome^ 
Our soTereigtt se#tr« iiswd Bsurping. laee 
Wltfi inwless ripfc and latecule dlsgiis^e ;.- 4M 

To pamper'd- iasoknca dftffeted faU 
Prime of the flach» end etaeiedst of tiie atsU ; 
For wild amlHtion wiags their bold desire, 
And all to novat th' iai|ievlal bed aspire. 



6f T0B ODTSSST. ^MX>K IV. 

But prostntte I implore; oh king I ralate 4135 

The mournful series of my father's fste : 
Each known disaster of the man disclose. 
Bom by bis mother to a world of woes ! • , 

Recite them ; oor in erring pity fear 

Tb wound with storied grief the filial ear: «40 , 

If e'er Ulysses, to reclaim your right, ^ 

Avow'd his seal in council or in fight. 
If Phrygian camps the friendly toils attest, 
To the sire's merit ftive the son's request. ^ 

JDeep from his inmost soul Atrides sigh'd, 445 ^ 

And thus indignant to the prince reply 'd : ^ 

Heavens 1 woold a soft, inglorious dastard trafn 
An ibsent hero's nnprial joys profane f 
So with her young, amid the woodland shades, 
A timorous hind the lion's court invades, 400 

Leaves in that fatal lair the tender ftwns, ^ 

Climbs the green cliff, or feeds the flowery lawns ; 
Meantime retum'di with dire remorseless sway | 

The monarch-savage rends the trembling prey. , 

Vflth equal ifury, and with equal fame, 40^ 

Ulysses soon shall re-assert his claim. 
O Jove, supreme, whom gods and men revere I 
And thou* to whom 'tis given to gild the sphere ! 
With power congenial joined, propitious aid 
The chief adopted by the martial mud ! 46o 

Bach to our wish the warrior soon reetore, 
As when contending on the LesUan shore 
His prowess Philomelides oonfiesa'd. 
And loud-acclaiming Greeks the victor blessM : 
Hmo soon th' invaders of his bed and throne 405 
Their love presumptuous shall with litis atone» . 
With patient ear, O royal youth, attend 
The storied labonrs of thy father's friend: 
Fruitful of deeds, the copious tale is long. 
Bat truth severe shall dictate to my tongne; 470 
Learn what I heard the sea-bom seer relate, 
Whose eye can pierce the dark reoess of Htm, 

• Apollo. 



BOOK IT. THE ODT88ET. dl 

ZiO^f oa th* Xfyptun coast by ctlas eoafio'dy 
HesTea to my floet reftu'd a prosperous wind ; 
Ko rows bad wa prefenr'd» nor vicdau slain ! 470 
For tbia tbe 'gods eachTavouring gale restraia ; 
Jealous, to see kb«r higb bebesti obeyd ; 
Serere, if nen th* eternal rights evade. 
High o'er a g ulfy sea, the Fhacian isie 
Ihmta tbe deep rdar of disemboguing Nile : 480 
Her distance Arom tbe shore, tbe course U^un 
At dawn, and ending with the setting sun, 
A galley neasures; when the stiffer gales 
Kise on the poop, and fully stretch tbe sailsy 
Ihere, anchored vessels safe in harbour lie, 485 
Whilst limpid springs the failing cask supply. 

And now the twentieth sun, descending, laves 
His glowing axle in the western waves ; 
Still with, expanded sails we court in vain 
Plopitious winds to waft us o'er tlie main : 400 
And tbe pale mariner at once deplores 
His drooping v^our and exhausted stores. 
When lo ! a i>right c«ernlean form appears, ; 

The fair Eidotbea! to. dispel mj fears; 
Ptotens her sire diving. With pity pressed, 495 
If e sole the daughter of the deep address'd ; 
What time, with hunger pin'd, my absent mates 
Roam the wild isle in search of rural cates. 
Bait tbe barb*d steel, and from the fishy flood 
Appease th* afiUctive fierce desire of food. 500 

Whoe'er thou art (tbe aaure goddess cries) 
Thy conduct ill deserves the praise of wise: 
Is death thy choice, or misery thy boast. 
That here inglorious on a barren coast 
lliy brave assosiates droop, a^ meagre train 505 
With famine pale, and ask thy care in v<iin ? 

atruck with the kind reproach, I straight reply ; 
Whatever thy title io thy native sky, 
A goddess sure ! for more than mortal grace 
Speaks thee descendant of etherial race : 510 

Beem not, that here of choice my fleet remains; 
Bone heavenly power avene ny stay constrains : 



m Tomcmmsr, book i3r« 

(For wtwt'fl M^WBter^d firma eeleaHal .vimw 9^ 

^Wbat pM»cr bw^n» A^ iamvtwgtMM Mtt ? ^ xs 

Wb«tgiilk pPttvokw bin, abd ^bst^vows 

I ceu'd, 4iiba& flfcbleih«fcHM«isc9qrki ; 
Observe, aad In tlitt Wraths I 0|M«k<«oiiMe< 
Th' oracttlontvMr frequMUt .Itae Ph«d»B 
-Atom whe96 high 'bed my birth dirine I hoMt; 500 
ProUnsi* nnne tMnieiuleiw o'er the aatai. 
The delftgane i>f Neptune's vate»y 'fetgn. « 

Watch with insidioiis e«re hie k»owa«bo<le-; 
There-fiaatatt- 4haito>eoi|»tHiiB 'the wloiift- g«Ml 3 
'3Mho bound, ob«dieiil«tosaperl»rfaiPce, 'ASS 

Unerring iN>IU>p«eie»ih« fonr deitln'd eooiM. ^ 

I r,<stodioif» of yoor l ea iis , y<m tiien dflMitt4 
Their state, «iMe Itfst^on left yonr^aiitnl Imid $ 
Instent Mhs ged dheaquloM will dieetoee 
t9«igbtlr«etiofg1ofy, erael^iMlef^ees. oao 

She ceas'd « and aupjpiltaDtthiM 1 ma^eiroiily : ,. 

O goddei» S 9n thy <«M iBy-bopes raiy ; I 

Dicute piropltiime<f» my d«ts»as<aRr, 
What arts cwi enptivnle the ebangeAil sev ; 
^florpertloae'lh'.aaaay, unheard the toil, ,5j|s 

T* elude the*preafiieDee of a god by gnite. 1 

7%U0 tO'tbtB goddess nlld my ••nit I «ttd. 
Then she. Obedient lo my -nrie, cttotd : 
When^tliro* the cont of heMen ttlM-nloaated ^toa 
finlh jouraey'dhttlf, and half renkaiM to tnm ; <|4q 
The s««r< ^hlleaephyts eurl 'thtf •welling-daap, 
Basks atk^e 'bveeoy aho#e> in-gvaleftil «lMp, 
His ooay limbs. Sn^i^giag frev the wave. 
The Fhocae swift'swrround hie f«cley «a«e, 
<9yequent«nd faH ; •the<«oi»s«crnt»d'tndn 
Of her,* -^ose aswreitrldeatawes the 
There wallowiag warm,««h' enormone heid eatbides 
An oily steam, ^and talMe the noon-tide gales. 
To that-reeess, «ennodieas for snrprke, 
*^Mhen jpurple FrghC ehall nest saffuee -the 

» 

* ilKphilrilB* 



BOOK IV. TttE OTfteSKT. dl 

Witli ae repair ; and firon tiiy irani<v4wad 
Thfsee ehoMn chiefs of dsmitleM tool eomlMuikd : 
Ltt their MUilitf fore« befriend the toil ; 
For ttrong tlie god, and perfeeted in guUo. 
Stretdi'd on die slielly tliDre, he first •ofveyt ^ fiM 
The flooBcinf beid ascending from the seas ; 
Their nuasber sanim'd, repos'd in sleep profbnnd 
The seal J charge the gnardian god sunroand : 
80 vith his battening flocks the careful swidn 
.Abides pwrilion'd on the grassy plain. 500 

"Vnth powera united, obsUaately bold 
Tavmde him, co«c!k*d amid the scaly fold : 
Instant he wears, elnsive of the rape. 
The oiiBte foree of every sarage shape ; 
Or glides with Hqnid lapse amormuring stream, 569 
Or, wnipt in flayae, he glows at every limb. 
Tet still retentive, with redonbled might. 
Through each vain passive form constrain Ms flight. 
But when, his native shape resam*d,^ he stands 
Patient of conquest, and your cause demands ; 570 
The came that urgM the bold attempt declare, 
Aad soothe the vanquishM -witii a victor's prayer. 
The banda relaz'd, implofe the seer to say 
What godhead interdicts tbe watery way i 
Who, stra^ht prapitions, in prophetic strain 9fS 
Will teach yon to repass, th' nnnieasar*d main« 
Bbe ceas'd, and bounding from tiie sheify shore. 
Bound the descending nymph the wavea redonnd* 
tag roar. • 
High wrapt in wonder of tiie future deed. 
With joy impetuous, to the port I speisd : 500 

The wanu of nature with repast snAce, 
nil nigbt with grateful shade involvM the skiea^ 
Aad shed ambrosial dews. Fast by the deep. 
Along the tented shore, in balmy sleep,- 
Our carea were lent. When o*er the eastern lnwB« 
In saffron robes, the daoghte^ of the dawn 59$ 

Advanc'd her foay steps ; before the bay. 
Doe rUval bononn to the goda I pay ; 



Then setl^ tbfo. nxnfth Uie 9ea^f» ilxnNI|^.aMfgti'k»« 
With tbrj&e t^socUtiuk ef iw^Uuintwdi mi9A» 50a* "^ 
ArrivM, to. foxm. «^ag tM appoint^ aftnack 
lor each %.bed, she ^oops the hill^ am^ : 
Then, Ci(Qiii.her u«ce cv t)^ tem »peiU- 
Of four vast Php9» tfktu^ tp. v«il h«ri wUm:. 
Beneath the fijugr speiU, e«te9<JLi4 preine, 5^ 

Hardtoal! the pro|^et*» piercing e5» tp^ ehM* ; 
New from the coise, the sca)y fnm^ 4i£iMe "' 

Voeevoary steQ«b of oU, «ad bc«cl»i9h «io«ik: || 

But the bright eeat^nnid*^ gentle power ieiiiloc^d, .* 

With nectar*(i drops the MckeningMwe-rfletor'd. 600 ^ 

Thus till the sua hed traveU'd bsif lhe eliiMi, 
Ambush'd we lie, and wai^ the. Mid ««fri**: *' 

WheQ» thronging thick t» ba«k w oiWQiw^ ^ 

The flocks of 6ce»u t«i the strand repi^r : " ' 

Conch'd on the swuiy saii4i t|»e ni4«stes9.sla«p : 603 
Then Pcoleiuit mounting fron^ t)ie bmirjB d«Bp» 
Surveys his charge, unknowing of deeeift 
(Ia order told|. we raske the sum c<NifAe(e*) 
PleasM with the Ulse review, seeuce ho liM» I 

And leaden sluinHrs press his droopleg ^r«n. 6m^ 
Rushing iiApetiiotts forth, we stmught prepera 
A furious onset with the sound of w»r» 
^od shouting seize the god : on? foiee t* evaiia 
His various arts he soon resuneti inlaid: 
A lion now he e^rV^ % «i«rgj( iMoe ; 61* 

Sudd«o» our bands e spotted per4 reetaia; 
Then, arm*d with tusks, and lightning i* his 

ejet» 
A boar's obscener ehepe the god beliee: 
On spiry colonui^ there, a dri«oa ridos ; 
Herei fron our strict embnuce thb etreeia he glides : 
And lau, suhUme* his stately growth he reen, 0tl 
A tree, and well dissembled foUnge weeis. 
Vain efToru ; with sttperior pow«K eompeeseM, 
lie with relttctanee tha» the acer «ddfW|B*d : 
Say, son of Ati««s» si^ what geA InepirM 99$^ 

ThU daring fnad, e^d whet the beoft ilesk*d i 



I thus: tbaii, wliMe-cwtaiA 9911 1 
Ibe fix'd eveAt of £bU«*« raoote riarww i 
After long wo«% «od varuuu. toUi tmiw^d^ 
$tUI on tbia de»Qct isl* my fleet u ««m>b'4;i fiMk 
ITnfnended of tbegaUn, All-^oowiiill 999^ 
What godhead interdicts the watwy w^j? 
What Yom xepeiit»i»t«dli the sparer n p|i — ■ »> 
To speed a jotMiperous vofaga a*fir tM aeaa ? 

Xp Jove (with stern ce^ard th«^fl^ Mfiimi 6t9 
Aad all th' offended ^a^d of kha $km^ 
Jnat hecatoraba with dae devotion «lai% 
Tbj guilt absolv'd*. * proa^evou* vof4i^ cwtt> 
To die firm aaoctioB of tbj fat* «tWiid ! 
Anezile thoa»AnccheeFimfaf6«iaf ftimd* 6ill 

Kor tigjit of natal sbora. bok fgfl <lB«iw 
Shalt jet enjoy;, bat »tiU aft doomed to womm* 
Oace mor« the Kile, who fswn, the Mcaet mhum- 
Of Jove*a high. Mat deaeend* with 9wecf>y fane* 
Miut view his billoTs vbitft beneath thf «ar» Atf 
And altars blaM along hit nmigwipft •hora* 
Then wiU the godSf. with half ^omp aidor'dL 
To thy long vow* a aaCa retnum acsord*. 

He ceasM : Keart-vonnded witUAAioti9« |iam 
(Daom'd to repent the perUa of tba nai« fi0V 

A sheify tnck aad long !) O »«Br» 1 erji 
To the stem sanction of (h* offended fthf 
My prompt obedience baw». ftut de&ga tie> aagr^ 
What fatn propitiooa^or vhiit dive ditmiiy, 
B—lsiii those peerst the celiq«wa of oiir hoi^ ttf 
Whom I with Heatov on the Phrygian coMt _ 
Embracing left I Uwt I the v»rr«q«a weapi 
Wbelm*d.in the bottom of the naoatrptta detpf 
Or did the kind domestic fri«nd deplone 
Xh» breathleas hecoes on thdic setiw ahorei 66ft 

Press not too &r» cepiyd the cod: hot ce as a 
To know, what knowA wiU violafee thg pesioe i 
Too cnriens of tbeix doom! with frionrily woe 
Thf breast wiU hes(ve> m^d tenia etonMi flow^ 
Pwt Uve! the rest, % iaifeentoble train I €6$ 

Range Um dark bmrada vC Flot«*a dreary reign. 



m IHE ODTSSBT. BOOK T%r^ 

Two, fbranoit in' tbe roll of Hitn rano^ii*d» ' « 
Whose ftrmft Irith conqoMt in thy- caose were cro-«rA*<l^ 
Fell by diaastrom hie ; I7 tempests tost, 
A third livet wretched on a distent coast. O70 

By Keptane rescned from Ifinenra's hate. 
On Oyrn, safe OUean Ajax sate. 
His ship o'erwbelm'd ;' bat, drowning on the floods. 
Impious ^e roar'd defiance to the gods ; 
To his own prowess all the glory gave, 0TS 

The power defrauding who vouchsaf 'd to fave. 
This heard ifae raging ruler of tiie main ; 
His spear, indignant for such high disdain. 
He launcb'd ; dividing with his f<nk^ mace 
Th* aerial summit from the marble base : 4Sbo 

The rock rush*d seaward with impetuous roar 
Ingulf 'd, and to th* abyss the boaster bora. 

By Juno's guardian aid, the watery vast. 
Secure of stonns, your royal brotiier pest} 
Till coasting nigh the'cape, where Malea ihroa<ls 
Her spiry cUflfa amid surrounding ctovda ; 0BO 

A whirling gnst tnmultnons firom*the shore 
Across the deep bis l^Nmring vessel bore. 
In an ill-fated hour the coast be gain*d. 
Where late in regal pomp Thyestes reign*d; Ggt^ 
But, when his ho4ry honours bow*d to fkte^ 
Agysthtts govern'd in paternal state, 
The surges now subside, tiie tempest ends ; 
From his tall ship the Icing of nmn descenda; 
Tiiere fondly thinks ttie gods conclude his toU ! tf^tf 
'Far from his own domain salutes the soil : 
With rapture oft the verge of Greece reviews. 
And the dear turf with tears of joy bedewa« 
Him thus exulting on the distant strand, 
A spy distingaish'd from his airy stand ; IDO 

To bribe whose vigilance, £gystbus told 
A mighty sum of Ill.^>er8uading gold : 
There watch'd this guardian of Ms guilty fear. 
Till the twelfth moon had wheePd her pale career; 
And now, admoniah'd by bin eye, to court T09 

With terror wing'd conveya tlM dcead report. 



BOOK !▼• IBB OBfTSmr. 



Of doaCWbl art* fl9ip«it,1ris Im4 a«pltft 

Hie ninistara of Mood in dark MirpriM; 

And twaaty yoatfas in radiant ■kil incas'd* 

Gtow aadifinhf d nigh tha apacioaa hall ka plac*d. 710 

Dien liida pra|iara tiia iM^laUa tiaatt 

Vdn showa of Uuva ta veil Ins feiaaJMita ! 

To graca tha vtetnr's walcoaa froat tba «ar«» 

A train of conrsafs» and tiionpl&U car*. 

MagnHkOTit ba laad» I tha royai gnatt, 715 

IkM«htt«» of ill, aoeapts tha fntadfnl featt. 

Hie troop fortii-iMoiag froa tha dark lacflM^ 

Wltib bondddal raga tha king oppraaa ! 

So, vhilae he feed* iaxarioaa ia the stall, 

Iha soreretgn oi the herd is dooaM ta ialU 7tO 

The partners of his fiuae and toils at Tkoy, 

Around their lonl» a mighty ruin ! lie : 

Mix'd witib the brave, the base invaders Mead ; 

JBgysthns sola sarrives to boast the deed. 

Ha said ; chUI horrors shook my shivering soni, 
ltack*d with eoavolsive pangs in dost I roll ; T9S 
And hate, in madness of extreme despair, 
To viev the sua, or braadia the vitat air. 
Bat when, saperior to tibe rage of woe, 
I stood restorM, and tears had ceasM to flaw ; 790 
Lenient of grief, the pitying ^od began^ 
Forget the brother, and resume the man : 
To Fate*s suprenw dispose the dead resign. 
That care be Fata% a H>eedy passage thine* 
fitUl lives th* wretch who wrought the death deplored, 
Bat lives a victim lor thy vengclnl swoi d ; 796 

Unless with filial rage Orestes glow. 
And swift praveot.tbe medimted blow ; 
Toa timely will return a welcome guest. 
With him to share the sad funereal feast. 740 

He said : new thou$htt my beating heart employ. 
My gloomy soul receives a gleam of joy. 
Fair hope revives ; and eager I addrest 
Hie piescient ^dhead to reveal the rest. 
Tie doom daci eed of those-disustroas two > 740 
Tve kaird with pain, but^ oh }• tlie tale pursue ; 



Wfaa Urir^ilfnpmMii •£ lAi* «i< fMw 
To roam theiimrHiiK 'd«Mf» of Che tnlta ; 
Or, in eMnai vImuIo ifooM tie Um, 
att»«i»k« i|«w MWtnr >ftwi %lAMe •gMteftil «y«« . 

That chief (VigoliiV tlM god) Msnee ddvHAfes 
From Ithite, «Bi immA»o«8 wvfes 'sanAt^es ; 
Laertaa* mm: ^'i»i*<oir«mnAiKMM'tille8» 
He still cala«iito«aeoafllMillt»bMM. 
Hltak in Cal jpM% MWB of late 1 «lov*d» ^g^ 

When Mrewftliif grief his fcilid<cfeMek 4>Mio«^, 
But vata:hii pmfer, hit arts mHimaXktVHk&¥m 
Th* eDamottr'd^Ddd«sa,iOr «lade^lior4o«to : 
His ▼easel Mlik, and KkMn"0««if»a*t<MM Hist, 
8i« lives teludUUit 'On -« «fbMign «Oa«t. y60 

Bat oh, bdloR^d by ilMfa^NHi ! iB# i iiiv ^d4e> tlf«« 
A happier lotthe-sadHflf 9«tes docteot • 
Free^fMOi tfwt la«r, Mtie«th #hMo ttArtia n^my 
Matter is ehMg'd^adMl '^ptfff ittg >k!nt»*§tittf ; 
Eiartiom •h«il be tMne; tiie MiMfui pUdhe 7^ 

ttf utmosi-earUi, whor^RtaadMiaallMtf feigtt». 
Joys ever 5W«nf , tmmliif d with'pain >0r '4emt, 
Fill the wide cirole of th'eteraat ymt: 
Stem winter imlles.oa tbat-attspiotoiis eltafo: 
Vh* fields ate «arid .with umhdlng |»ri«»; '^^p$ 

From the Weak pole no winds ineleaveat Mow, 
Mould the roand hail, or flake tho floeey snow ; 
But froi»'4hebf<ees3r deep-tiie Mast hiliale 
The fragMMt muTnurs of the western gdle. 
Mis igniee peeutiar wilt the- gods ^ffbrd 77ft 

(foTthee thoeooof J^ve,fmdbeail«e<Hls^Rtoieii'8lor d. 

He ceaa'dy and plunging id ttie vdst pmfbdad. 
Beneath the god the whirling billows bound. 
Then speeding teek, tnYolv'd in vdrieus tbovgbt, 
)My friends' atteddtng «t the shore l-eodght. fob 
Afri7*d, the rage of hunger tre^oHtrool, 
Till night with silent shade inrestitbe pole-; ' 
Then lose the cmres of Hfe tn pleadag resfeir— i 
Soou as the mem reveals the reseat -east, 
With sails we wing Ae masts, onr unchOrs weigh, 
Unaioortii^ fleety-Md rdab lat» the -eee. 7«i 



9fMK "P^* IttK oMUBf. yi' 

White Cttrl^tlww«re»» aadllw ««ira ocMB fo«n. 
Thtti, stc^Aag U«ik »i> i d ftom thttPteiUm IsU, 
We fate'Oie «tx«M» of Jove^detctfoded Kile : "^^ 
Then quit the afalpB, mud im the d^stiaM tfliore 
With fitvel hiecfttoMbft the gods '•dote : 
Their wi^tfa attfnM, to 'AgMnettia6Q*fe asim 
A ctodtftph i feige of debdilefle fhau. 
fheie rites tb fiiety end gflofdiaeherg'd, ^99 

The irteiMfly gods « springiDg gtHltttA^f^ : 
Tlie llett swfft iSItiJig o>r thto feoifes flew, 
nil Oi^etibn clUb eppeii'd, e Miieftol view t 
Thy petlsiit eer iuitti hesrd melomrtlste 
A story, Iniitfvl of dissstitras ftttfe: '800 

And nam, ytang-tnioce, tedvIgeWy fMMl'Mqiiest : 
Be Speitft'honotii'd i»Tth^li8-ft>ytH Tgtitn, 
TiU, from his e««terb gtMl,^» j<^yotis strh 
Bis twelfth diuyttslrttee hegihs «0 mti. 
Ifesntime my tMhi'the frieodly gifts prep«f«, ^5 
Three sprightly ^oorsers, add % polMi'd ^ttri 
With these, a goblet of capaciotis'Aiotild, 
Tlgnr'd with srt to dignify the gold 
(Form'd for<iibation to thcf god8,>sfa«II-pyoVe 
A pledge and moodment of "sacredHo^. ^KTb 

My quick return, yonog ItluM;M#ejoitt*d, 
I>amps the wtrm wishes of nynriltttrM mlad t 
IKd not my fue my heedfal baste cDnstnin, 
(%ann*d by yow speech Mo gt&«efal and iramalite, 
l4»t in delight the ch-cHng ye«r woeld roll, BIS 
While deep attention firx'd toy IfeC^ning sonl. 
Bnt new to ^le permit my desttn'd way. 
My loT'd'ossosiates chide tny loog delay : 
In dear remembnlnee of your royal grace, 
I take the present of the promis'd vase ; 8€0 

The cotrrsers, for the cfaampidgn sports, i^ tain ; 
That gift- our barren rocks will render vain : 
Horrid with dilfs, our meagre land allows 
Thin herbage for the mountainrgoatto'broWse, 
Bnt neither mead nor plain supplies, to f^ed 835 
"the tprigfaUy courier, or induce his spded : 



7t TBSO]>TSSVr« BOOK TV 

To saapwrrouiMied realms the go4> asMfn 
Small tract of fertile lawn, the least to mine. 

His haad the king with teaser passioa press 'd. 
And, smiling* thus the royal jouth addresaVl : 890 
O earlj worth ! a soul so wise, and yoaog. 
Proclaims yon from t^ie sage Ulysses sprmtg. 
Selected from my stores, of matchless price 
An urn shall re(»mpeace your prudent choice ; 
Not mean the massy mould of silver, grac'd 835 

By Vttlcao^s art, the verge with gold eachM'd ; 
A pledge the scepter'd power of Sidon gftve^ - 
When to his realm I plongh'd the orient wave* 

Thus they alternate ; while with artful care. 
The menial train the regal feast prepare : S40 

The firstlings of the flock are doomM to die; 
Kich fragrant wines the cheering bowl supply ; 
A female band the gift of Ceres bring; 
And the gilt roofs, with genial triumph ring. 

Mean)vhile, in Ithaca, the suitor-powers 
In active games divide their jovial hours : 
In areas vary'd with mosaic art 
Some whirl the disk, and some the javelin dart. 
Aside, sequeaterM from the vast resort, 
Antinoiis sate spectator of the sport ; 
"With great £urymachtts, of worth confest. 
And high descent, superior to the rest; 
Vhom young Noemon lowly thus addrest. 

My sldp, equipped within the neighbouring port. 
The prince, departing for the PyliaP court, 855 
Requested for his speed ; but, co.u;-teuus, say 
When steers he home« or why this long delay ? 
For Ells I shottld.sail with utmost speed, 
T' import twelve mares with their luxurious 

feed. 
And twelve young mules, a strong laborious race, 
Kew to the plough, unpractised in the trace. 8^1 

Unknowing of the course to Pyle design*d^ 
A sudden horror seia*d on either mind : 
The prince in rural hpwer they, foudly thought, 
Numbering has flocks and herds, not far remote. 865 



BQOH^ IV. TUB O PfltS WI tl f§ 

Rel«^ Antl Mto eiic% devoid of gvite. 
When spread tba pcbicft. Ma sail for dirtaat Pyfe? 
Did diosen'cfaiefii acrwe the galiy m^a 
Attend lu» ^ojagCt or domestie train f 
Speotaneone did yon speed hit secret eourse, 8TV 
Or tras the v.9 Me\ Mia^d hj freed or force ? 

With wUtios dtttw netrakwtant mind 
(Koeaon cry'd,) the ^WMel was resige'd. 
Whoy.itt tlie-balance, with the greet affaira - 
Of coorts, preaame to weigh their private earai f 879 
l^jih him,, tiie peerage next in power to jov; 
And Mentor, captain of the lordiycrew* 
Or some celesliid in it» rev'rend ibrm, ' 
Sale from the secret roek and adeerae storm, 
Fiiots their cpurse : for when the glinmedogray 8N 
Of jester dawn disclosed the tender day. 
Mentor himself I-aaw, and msch admir'd. — 
Then ceasM the youth, and from th« court retired. 

C^ilbttnded end appei'd) th* unftoisb'd game 
Hie soltors quit, and all to cooncil came. 885 

Antinoiia first th> Assembled peers addrest, 
Rage spark Hog in his eyes, aiid buming*in his breast* 

O shame to maahood I shall one daring boy 
The scheme of aU.-oor hapfdaees destroy ? 
fly nnperceiv'd, seducing half the flower 890 

Of nobles, -and invite a-forelgo power ? 
The ponderous enf»ioe rais'd to erush us: CH^ 
Recoiling, on liis head^is aure to'fall. 
Instant prepare me, on the oeii>hbourinfr strand, 
With twenty chosen matea a vessel manned ; a^tf 
For amhttsh'd close bmieath theSamian shore 
His skip retnrniag shall my spies explore : 
He soon his -rashness shall witii life atone,- 
Seek for his father's fate, but find his own. 

With T^at applause the sentence all approve} 90O 
Then rise, and to the foastfiil halt remove : ^ 
Swift to^e qaeen the beritld Medea ran, o 
"Who heard the consult of Uie dire divan ; 
Refore herdome the royal matron stands^ 
Aid thus tiie mnisage of bis baate' demands^ • ^00- 

B 



f 4 tHK OBT88XT. BOOK 

'What vill.the sniton ? mutt my MfWoit-train 

Th' allotted laboun of the day lefndo, 

For Ibem to form some exquisite repeat? 

Heaven grant this featival may prove their la»t ! 

Or, if they stUl mnst live, from me remove 910 

The doahle plague of luxury and love ! 

Forbear, ye sons of insolence 1 forbear. 

In riot to consume a wretched heir. 

In the young soul illustrious thpught to raiser 

Were ye not tutor'd with Ulysses' praise. gis 

Have not your fathers oft my lord defluM, -^ 

Gentle of speech, beneficent of mind ? 

Some kings with arbitrary rage-devour. 

Or in their tyrant^niniona vest the powwr: 

VlysMS let no partial favours fall, 990 

Tlie people's parent, he protected all : 

But absctnt now, perfidious and ingrate ! 

His stores ye ravage, and usurp his state. 

He thus : O were the woea you spealt the worat ! 
They form a deed more odious and accurst ; god 
More dreadful than your boding soul divines : 
But pitying Jove avert the dire desi^s ! 
The darling object of your royal care 
Is markM to peris)^ in a deathful snare ; 
Before he anchors in his native port, gao 

From Fyle retailing and the Spartan court ; 
Horrid to speak 1 in ambush is decreed 
The hope and heir of Ithaca to bleed t 

Sudden she sunk beneath the weighty woes. 
The vitol strums a chilling horror frooe : 985 

Tlie big round tear standa tr«nbling in her eye. 
And on her tongue imperfect accents die. 
At length, in tender language interwove 
With sighs, she thus express*d her anxious love : 
Why rashly would my son his fate explore, 940 
Ride the wild waves, and quit the safer shore I 
Did he, with all the greatly wretch^, crave 
A blank oblivion, and untimely grave i 

'lU not, reply'd the sage, to Medon given. 
To laawt \f sont inhabitant of heaven ' 9*5 



S<X>K IV. THE OBTSStfT. f$ 

In his joang breast the daring thought iaspir'd; 
Or if, alone with filial daty fir'd, 
The winds and wa^es he tempts in early bloom. 
Studious to learn his absent fikther*8 doom. 

The sage retir*d : nnable to contronl $00 

The mighty grieft that swelLher labouring soni. 
Boiling conTolsive on the floor, is seen 
The piteoos object of a prostrate queen. 
Words to her dumb complaint a pause supplies, 
And breath, to waste in unavailing cries. ^$S 

Around their sovereign wept the menial fair. 
To whom she thus addrest her deep despair. 

Behold a Wretch whom all the gods consign 
To woe I Bid ever sorrows equal mine ? 
Long to my joys my dearest lord is loAt', g0O 

His coantryts buckler, and the Orecian boast ; " 
Koor from my fond embrace, by tempests torn. 
Our other column of the state is borne ; 
Nor took a (ind adieu, nor sought consent !— 
Unkind confederates in his dire intent ! 965 

III suiti it with your shows of duteous seal, 
F^om me the pnrposM voyage to conceal : 
Though at the solemn midnight hour he rose. 
Why did you fear to trouble my repose ? 
He either had obeyed my ibnd desire, 970 

Or seen his mother pierc'd with grief expire. 
Kd Dolins quick attend, the fiaithful slave 
Whom to my nuptial train Icarius gave. 
To tend the fruitgroves : with incessant speed 
He shall this violence of death decreed fffS 

To good Laertes tell. Ezperienc'd age 
May timely intercept their ruffian rage. 
Convene tlie tribes, the murderous plot reveal. 
And to their powei'to save his race appeal. 

Then Euryclea thus. My dearest dread! 980 
Though to the sword I bow this hoary head, 
Or if a dungeon be the pain decreed, 
I own me conscious of th* uopleasing deed : 
Anxiliar to his flight, my aid implor'd. 
With wibe and viands 1 the veeiei stoi'd : 985 



td 11I£ OBTSSET. BOOK IV. 

A sol«mQ oatbf impos'd, the secret setl*d, , 

'nil the twelfth dawn the light of heaven r«Teal*d. 

Dreading th* effect of a fond motlier*» fear. 

He dar'd not violate your royal ear. 

T^vX bathe, and, in igtperial robes array*d, 990 

Pay due devotions to the martial maid,* 

And rest afiianc*d in her goardian aid. 

Send not to good Laertes, nor engage 

In toils of state the miseries of age : 

'Tb impious to surmise, the powers divine 995 

To rhin doom tbe'Joye-descended line: 

I^ong shall the race of just Arcesius reign. 

And isles remote enlarge his whole domain. 

The queen her speech with calm attention bean, 
Qer eyes restrain the silver-streaming tears : lOOO 
She bathes, and, robM, the sacred dome ascends i 
Her pious speed a female train attends : 
Hie salted cakes in cannisters are laid. 
And thus the queen invokes Mioerva's aid. 1004 

Qattghter divine of Jove, whose arm can wield 
Th' avenging bolt, and shake tlie dreadful shield ! 
If e'er Ulysses to thy fane preferr'd 
The best and choicest of his flock and herd ; 
Hear, goddess, hear, by those oblations won ; 
An4 for the pious aire preserve the son : lOlO 

His wish'd return with happy power befriend. 
And on the suitors let thy wrath descend. 

She ceas*d ; shrill ecstacies of joy declare 
The favouring goddess present to the prayer : 
The suitors heard, and deem*d the mirthful voice 
A signal of her hymeneal choice : 1016 

Whilst one most jovial thus accosts the board : 
** Too late the queen selects a second lord ; 
" In evil hour the nuptial rite intends, 
** When o'er her son disastrous death impends.'* 
Thus he unskiil'd of what the fates provide I 1021 
But with severe rebuke Aatinoiis cry'd. 

These empty vaunts will make the vojage vain; 
Alarm not with discourse the menial train : 

• Minerva. 



BooK^nr. ttSE oxrrssKT. ^ 

Tlio great event witii silent hope nttead ; IOCS 

Oar deeds alone oar counsel must commedd. 
His speedi thus ended shoit, be firowning rose. 
And twenty chiefs renownM for valoar'chose : 
Down to the stnad he cpeeds with haughty strides. 
Where andior*d in the bay the vessel rides, - Ktt6 
Keplete with mail and military store. 
In all hertaekle trim to quit the Aore. 
Ihe desperate crew ascend, unfbrl the sails 
(The Seaward prow invites the tardy gales;) 
Then take repast, till Hesperus display'd 1035 

His golden circlet in the western shade. 

Meantime the queen, without refection due. 
Heart-wounded to the bed of state withdrew : 
In her sad breast the princess fortunes roll. 
And hope and doubt alternate seize her soul. 1040 
80 when the woodman's tofl her zkvt surrounds. 
And with tlie hunter's cry the grove resounds ; 
"With grief and rage the mother^Iion stuhg, 
Feariess herself, yet trembles for her young. 1044 

While pensive in the silent slnmbcrons sbsde^ 
Sleep's gentle powers her drooping eyes invade ; 
Minerva, life-like, on embodied air 
ImpressM the form of Ipthima the tait 
^Icarins' daughter she, whose blooming charms 
Allnr'd Enmelus to her virgin arms ; 1000 

A scepter'd lord, who o'er the fruitful plain 
Of Thessaly, wide stretch'd his ample reign :) 
As Pallas will'd, along the sable skies, 
To calm the queen,. the phantom^sister flies. 
-Swift on the regal dome, descending right, 1005 
The bolted valves are pervious to her flight. 
Close to her head the pleasing vision stands. 
And thus perfcrms Minerva's high commands. 

O why, Peuelope, this causeless fear. 
To render slerp's soft blessing unsincere? IO60 

Alike devote to sorrow^s dire extreme 
The day-reflectloti, and the midnisht-dream ! 
Thy son the gods propitious will restore. 
And bid thee cease his absence to deplore. 

To whom the queen (whilst yet her pensive mind 
Wtt In the lUent gates of sleep confined :) lOtfi 



9« THE ODTSSET. BOOK IV. 

sister, to my soul for ever dear, 
Why this first vbit to reprove my fear? 
How in a realm so distant should you know 

From what deep source my deathless sorrows flow ? 
To all my hope my royal lord is lost, lOTl 

His country's buckler, and the Grecian boast : 
And, with consummate woe to weigh me down^ 
The heir of all his honours and his crown. 
My darling son is fled ! an easy prey 10T5 

To the fierce storms, or men more fierce than they ; 
Who, in a league of blood assosiates sworn. 
Will intercept th* unwary youth's return. 

Courage resume, the shadowy form reply*d. 
In the protecting care of heaven confide : 1000 

On hiin attends the Uuei^y'd martial maid ; 
What earthly can implore a surer aid ? 
He now the guardian goddess deigns to send, 
To bid thee patient his return attend. 

Hie queen replies : If in the blest abodes, 1065 
A goddess, thou hast commerce with the gods ; 
Say, breathes my lord the blissful realm of light* 
Or, lies he wrapt in ever-during night ? 

Inquire not of his doom, the phantom cries, 

1 speak not all the counsel of the skies : IO90 
Nor must indulge with vain discourse, or long. 
The windy satisfaction of the tongue. 

Swift through the valves the visionary fair 
BepassM, and viewless miz'd with common ur. 
The queen awakes, delivered of her woes : 1095 

With florid Joy her heart dilating glows ; 
The vision, manifest of future fate. 
Makes her with hope her son's arrival wait. 

Meantime the suitors plow the watery plain, 
Telemachus in thought already slain ! 1 100 

When sight of lessening Ithaca was lost. 
Their sail directed for the Samian coast, 
A small but verdant isle appeared in view. 
And Asteris the advancing pilot knew : 
An ample port the rocks projected form, 110^ 

To break the rolling waves and ruffling storm; 
That safe recess they gain with happy speed, 
Aftd in close ambnsh wait the murderous deed. 



TIB 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOKY. 



ABOUMBVT. 

Th€ Departure qf Ulifisetfram Caljfpao, 

FillM ia » eoaacil of the goda complaim of tli% 
detenUon of Ulysses in tiie island of Calypso; 
wberenpon Mercury is sent to comnand bis n* 
nK>val. The seat of CalypiM described. She con- 
sents witb araeb diffienlty ; and Ulysses httBds • 
vessel with his own hands, on which he embarita. 
Keptnne oreitakes him with » terrible t a ropeit, 
in which he is shripwreeked, and in the last daa- 
ser of denth ; till Leucothea, a sea-goddesa, assists 
him, and after innwnerable perils, he gets ashore 
on Fhmacia. 



[ W J 



BOOK V. 

'jPHE saffron morn, with early bloahes spread, 
r- Now rose refulgent from Titbonas' bed ; 
Vith new4)om day to gladden mortal sight. 
And gild the courts of heaven with sacred lisht. 
OThen met tfa' eternal synod of the sky* n; 

Before the god, who thunders from on high. 
Supreme in might, sublime in majesty. 
Pallas, to these, deplores th* unequal ftites 
Of wise Ulysses, and his fdlls relates : 
Her hero's danger touch'd the pitying power, . lO 
The nymph's sedncem^nts, and the magic bower. 
'Thus 'stre began taerplahit; Immortal Jore 1 
And you who fill the blissful seats above ! 
Let kings no more with gentle mercy sway, 
Or bless a people wilUog to obey> 16 

But crush the nadons with an iron rod, 
And every monarch be flie scourge of God ; 
if from your tbo«|^its Utyases you veeio«e« 
Who ruPd faia subjects wHh « other's loie. 
%o\9 in an lisle, encirclad by the nndb, £0 

Abandon'd, b^nisb'4 from his native rcsgn, 
Uafeiess'd he sighs, deuln'd by lawlass «dMnna» 
And press'd enwiiliiq; in Calypso's arm*. 
If or Mends ave there, not vessels to conviqr» 
3lcr oan to cut th' immeasuvuble w«y« S5 

44nd now derce traitors, studious to destroy 
Hk only eon, their ambuaii'd-fvaMd employ ; 
Who, pious, JFoUowing his great father^ fame* 
To sacred Pylos and to Sparta came. 
What words are these? (reply*d the power wfae 

forms SO 

The clouds of. night, and darkens heaven with 

storms ;) 
Is not already in thy soul decreed. 
The chiefs return shall make the guilty bleed i 
What cannot Wisdom do ? Thou may'st restore 
The son In safety to his aative shore ; . 35 ^ 



BOOK T. THE ODYSSEt'. 81 

While the fell foes, -who late in ambath lay, 
^tfa ftaad defeated measore back their way. 

nien thus to Hennes the command was given. , 
Hermes, thou chosen messei^er of heaven ! 
Oo, to Uie nymph be tiiese our orders borne: 4P 
^U Jove*s decree, Ulysses shall return : 
Hie patient man shall view his old abodes, 
Kor heip'd by mortal hand, nor guiding gods : 
la^Hrice ten days shall fertile Scheria find, * 
Alone, and floating to tiie wave and wind. 45 

The bold Fhaeacians there, whose haughty line 
Is Dizt with gods, half human, half divine. 
The diief shall honour as some heavenly guest, 
And swift transport him to his place of rest. 
His vessels loaded with a plenteous store- 50 

Of brass, of vestures, and resplendent ore 
(A richer prise tbanif his joyful isle 
keceivM him charg'd with Ilion's noble spoil,) 
His friends, his country, he shall see, though late ; 
Such is our sovereign will, and such is fate. 55 

He spoke. The god who mounts the winged wiDd% 
Fast to his feet the golden pinions binds. 
That high through fields of air 'his flight sustain 
0*er the wide earth, and o'er the boundless main. 
He grasps the wand that causes sleep to fly, 60 
Or in soft slumber seals die wakeful eye : 
Then shoots firom> heaven to high Pieria's steep, * 
And stoops incumbent on the rolling deep. 
80 watery fowl, that seek their fishy food. 
With wings expanded o'er the foaming flood, 65 
Vow sailing smooth the level surface sweep, 
Now dip their pinions in the briny deep. 
Thus o*er the world of waters Hermes flew, 
Ttll noF the distant island rose in view : 
Then, swift asceudlng from the azure wave, 70 

He took the path Uiat winded to the cave. 
Large was the erot, in which the nymph he found 
(The fair-hair d nymph with every beaaty crown'd.) 
She sate and sung ; the rocks resound her lays : 
The cave was bfightenU with a rising blaze : 75 



8$ T^B. 0PT9S|&y» BOQ( V- 

Cedar and fran^inceoce, an odorous pile, 
FlamM on the hearth, and wide perftmM the is(e 
While she with work and song the time divides^ 
And through the loom the golden ahuttle gi^de^* 
Without tlie grot » variou9 sylv^ acene 80l 

AppearM around. t»nd groves of living greeo ; 
Boplars and alders ever qniyering play'd. 
And nodding cypress form'd a fragrant shade; 
On whose high branches, waving with the storm. 
The birds of broadest wing their mansion form, 85 
The chough, the sea-mew, the loquacious crow, 
And scream aloft, and skim the deeps below. 
Depending vines the shelving pavern screen. 
With purple clusters blushing through the green. 
Four limpid fountains from th^ clefts distil ; 90 
And every fountain pours a several rill. 
In maxy windings wandering down the bill : 
Where bloomy meads with vivid greens were 

crown'd, 
And glowing violets threw odours round. 
A scene, where if a god should cast b^ sight, 95 
A god might gaze, and wander with delight I 
Joy touch'd the messenger of heaven : he stayM 
BAtrancM, and all the blissful haunts survey'd. 
Him, entering iu tlie cave. Calypso knew ; 
Fpr powers celestial to each oUier's view 100 

Stand still confest, though distant far they lie 
To habitants of earth, or sea, or sky. 
But sad Ulysses, by himself apart, 
Poor*d the big sorrows of his swelling heart; 
All on the lonely shore he sate to weep, lotf 

And rolPd his eyes around the restless deep; 
TowVd his lov'd coast he roll'd his eyes in vain. 
Till, dimm'd with rising grief, they streamM lyjaio. 

Kow craceful seated on her shining throne. 
To Hermes thus the nymph divine b^gun: 110 

Ood of the goMeo wand ! on what behest 
Arriv'st tl.ou liere, an unexpected guest? 
Lov'd as tliou art, thy free injunct'ons ley ; 
Tis mine, witli joy and duty to obej^. 



fibOK ¥. THE ODl^SStY. ^ 

nn ooir a straogerj In a happy hotir 115 

Approadi, and taste the dainties of mjr bower. 

Thns having spoke, the nymph the table spread 
(Ambrosial cates, i^ith nectar rosy-red ;) 
Hermes th« hospitable right partook. 
Divine refection ! then, recruited, spoke : iso 

What moVd this journey ftt>m tny native sky, 
A f oddess asks, nor cab a god deny : 
Hear then the truth. By migh^ Jovc*s command 
Unwilling hav$ t trod tills pleasingr land ; 
for who,^lf-mov'd with weary wii^g would sweejk 
8och length of ocr an and nameasvr'd deep ? It6 
A world of waters ! far from all Use ways 
Where mei: frequent, or sacred altars bhtae. 
But to Jove's vrfll submission we must pay ; 
What power so great, to dare to disobey ? ISO 

A man, he »ays, a man reiides with tbcfe. 
Of all bis kind most worn with misery ; 
The Greeks, (whose arms for nine long years eniploy'd 
Their force on IHon, in ttie tenth desti oy'd^ 
At length embarking in a luckless hour, 1$5 

With conquest proud, inc^nsM Minrrva's power: 
Hence on the guilty rac^ her vengeance hurl'd 
With storm) pursued ttiem through Uie liquid wofld. 
There all his vessels sunk bf death the wave ! 1^ 
Tb»re all his dear conipanions found their grave I 
Sav'd froia the jaws of death by hraven*& decree. 
The tempest drove him to tfirse xhdres aud thee. 
Him, Jove now orders to his native htnds 
Straight to dismiss ; so destiny commands ; 
Impatient fate his near' return attc^nds, 14S 

And cmIIs l<im to his country, and his friends. 
£v*n to tier inmost soul the goddess shook ; 
Then thus hf^r anguish and her passion broke. 
Vngracions ^ods ! with spite and envy curst i 
8tiil to yodr own eth^rial race the Worst ! ISff 

Te envy diort^l and immortal joy. 
And love, the only sWeec of life, destroy. 
Did evef geddess by her ehaims engage 
A favoured mortal, and not feel your rage ? 



8i THE ODT8SET. BOOK ▼• 

So when Aurora songbt Orion's love, iSif 

Her joys disturbM your blissful hours above. 

Till, ill Ortygia, Diaoi's winged dart 

Had piercM the hapless hunter to the heart. 

So vhen the covert of the tliric«-ear'd field 

Saw stately Ceres to her passioa yield, l6o 

Scarce could lasion taste her heavenly charms. 

Bat Jove's swift lightning scorch*d him in her ama. 

And is it now my turn, ye mighty powers ! 

Am I the envy of your blissful bowers? 

A man, an outcast to the stonn and wave, x6t 

It was my crime to pity,, and to save; 

When he who thunders rent his bark in twain. 

And suuk his brave companions in the main. 

Alone, abandon M, in mid-ocean tost, 

The sport of winds and driven from every coast. 

Hither this man of miseries I led, • 171 

Received the friendless, and the hungry fed ; 

Kay promis'd (vainly promised !) to bes(ow 

Immortal life, exempt from age and woe. 

Tis past— and Jove decrees hesbali remove; IJS 

Gods as we are, we are but .slaves to Jove. ■ 

Gk> tlien be may (he must, if He ordain. 

Try all those d«ngejrs, all those deeps again :) 

But never, never shall Calypsh send 

To toils like these, her husband and her friend. ^IfiO 

What ships have I, what sailors to convey. 

What oars to cut the long Uborious w^y i 

Yet, IMl direct the safest means to go ; 

That last advice is all I can bestow. IM 

To her, the power who bears the charming rod : 
Dismiss the man, nor irritate the god ; 
Prevent the rage of him who reigns above. 
For what so dreadful as the wrath of Jove i 
Thus having said, he cut the cleaving sky. 
And in a moment vani»h'd from her eye. 100 

The nymph, obedient to divine commandc 
To seek Uly sses, pacM along the sand. 
Him pensive on the lonely beach she found. 
With streaming eyes in briny torrents drown'd. 



BOOK ▼. THE ODTSSET. U 

And ialj pioing fm* bis lutivt shore : 3^ 

For nov the soft enchantreM pJeu'd no more : 

For oov, relnctant, aad coiutrain*d bj charms, 

AlneDt he lay in her desirini arms. 

Id sIomb<-r wore the heavy niftht awsy, 

Oa rocks and shores coosam'd the tedioos day ; flOO 

There sate alt desolate, and sigh'd alone. 

With echoing sorrowi made the moontaias groan. 

And roU'd his eyes o'er all the restless main, 

Tdl, dimm'd with ruing grief, they itream'd again. 

Here, on his musing mood the goddess prcst, SOO 
Approaching soft ; and thns the chief addrest. 
ITnh^py man ! to wasting woes a prey, 
No more in sorrows languid life away : 
Free as the winds I give thee now to rove- 
Go, feli the timber of yo» lofty grove, 81# 
And form a raft, and build the lisinf ship» 
Sablime to bear thee o^er the gloomy deep. 
To store the vessel, let the care be mine, 
With water from the rock^ and rosy wine. 
And llfn-sustUDiog bread, and fair array, Sll 
And prosperous gates to waft thee on the yng. 
These, if the gods with my desires comply, 
(The god9, alas, more mighty far than I, 
And better skill'd iu dark events to come,) 
In peace shall land thee at thy native home. . SfiO 

With sighs Ulysses heard the words she spoke. 
Then thus his melancholy silence broke. 
Some other motive, goddess 1 sways thy mind 
(Some close design, or turn of womankiod,) 
Nor my return the end, nor thii the way, MS 

On a slight raft to pa»s the swelling sea. 
Huge, horrid, vast ! where scarce in safety sails 
The best-built ship, though Jove inspire the gales. 
The bold proposal how shall I ftilSI, 
Dark as I am, unconscious of thjr will ? SSO 

Swear then thou meanest not what my soul forbodes; 
Swear by the solemn oath that binds the gods. 

Him, while he spoke, with smiles Calypso ey'd. 
And gently grasp*d his hand,'and thus reply*d : 



flB THE ODTSS£Y. ^OOK ' 

*£6m showi the«, friend, by old experienee tonglit» 
And l^ara'd in all the wilf^ of human thought. 
How prone to doubt, how cautious are the wiM t 
But hear, oh earth, tAd heal*, ye sacred skies I 
And thou, oh Styxt Whose formidable floods 
Glide thro* the shades, and bfod th* attesting gods F 
No formM design, no tr.editcfeted end, £4l 

Lurks in the counsel of thy faithful firiend; 
Kind the persuasion, and siuctre my aim; 
The saine my practice were piy fate. the saoM. 
Heaven has not curst me with a heart of steely S4S 
But Rtven the sense, to pity, and to feel. 

Thus having said, thf goddess march'd before;' 
He trod her footsteps in the sandy shore. 
At tlie cool cave arrivM, they took their slate; 
He (iird the throne where Meicury had sate. tSO 
For him, the nymph a rich repast ordains. 
Such as the murtal life of man sustains; 
Before herself were placed the cates divine. 
Ambrosial banquet, and celestial wine. 
Their hunger satiate, and tlieir thirst represt, S5C 
Thus spoke Calypso to her god-like guest: 

Ulysses ! (with a sigh she tiius began ;) 
O sprung from gnds ! in wisdom more than man ! 
Ts then thy home the passion of thy heait? 
Thus wtlt thou leave me. are we thus (o part ? SOO 
Farewel ! and ever joyful mxy'st thoa be, 
Nor break the transport with one thoaglit of me. 
But, ah, Ulysses ! wert thou given to know 
What Fate yet dooms thee yet to undelgo; 
Thy heart might settle in the scene of ease, tfis 

And ev'u th< se slighted charms might learn to pleMe. 
A willine goddess, and immortal life. 
Might banish from thy mind an absent wife. 
Am I inferior to a mortal dame i 
Less soft my feature, less august my frame? 9^0 
Or shall the daughters of mankipd compare 
Their earth-born beauties witii the heavenly fair ? 

Alas ! for this (tlie prudent man replies) 
Against Uly wrs shall Ay anger rise ? 



^OOK V. THE OpTSSET* ' Wl 

Iiov'd and ador*d» ob gpdde*^, as thoq art, 915 

Foxgive the veakness of a bumaQ heajt. 

Though well I see thy graces far «bove 

The dear, though mortal, object of my love. 

Of youth eternal well the difference know. 

And the short date of fadiog charms below; SfflQ 

Tet every day, while absent- thus I roam, 

I languish to leturn and die at home. 

T^Hiate'er the gods shall destine me to bear 

In the black ocean, or the watery war, 

lis mine to master with a constant mind ; f8^ 

Invr'd to perils, to the worst resigned. 

By seas, by wars, so many dangers run ; 

Stiil I can suffer : their high will be done ! 

Thus while he spoke, the beamy sun descends. 
And rising night ber friendly shade extends. SQO 
To the close grot the lonely pair remove. 
And slept delighted wiih the gifts of love. 
When rosy morning call'd them from their rest, 
T71ysses rob'd him in the cloak and vest. 
The. nymph's fair head a veil transparent graced, 2Q5 
Her swelling loins a radiant soue embraced 
With flowers of gold : an under robe^ unbound. 
In snowy waves flowM glitteiing oA the ground. 
Forth issuing tiins, she gave him first to wield 
A weighty ax with truest temper steelM, 300 

And double^edgM ; the handle smooth and plato. 
Wrought of the clouded olive's easy grain ; 
Aod next, a wedge to drive with sweep; sway : 
Then to the neighbouring forest led the way. 
On the lone island's utmost verge there stood 306 
Of poplars, pines, and firs, a lofty wood^ 
Whose l&afJess summits to the skies aspire, 
ScorchM by the sun, or searM by heavenly fire 
(Already dry'd.) jHiese pointing out to viewt SO^ 
The nymph just show'd him, and with' tears withdrew. 

Now toils the hero: trees on trees o'ertUrown 
Fall crackling rc^tiod, and the forests ffo^a ; 
Sudden, full tweuty on the plaiQ are »t<ow*d. 
And lopp d aQ4 lighteu'd of their branchy loacl* 



» THE ODYSSBT. BOOK V. 

At equal tngles theM dispoiM to jcin, 31ft 

He smootii'd and 8qoar*d them by the rule and line. 

(Hie wimbles for the -vroric Calypso found) 

With those he pierc'd them, aad ^th clinchers bound. 

Long and capacious as a shipwright forms 319 

Some bark*s broad bottom to out-ride the storms^ 

So large he built the raft : then ribb'd it strong 

From space to space, and nail'd the planks along^ ; 

These fonn*d the sides : the deck he fashionM last ; 

Then o'er the vessel raisM the taper mast, 

With crossing sail-yards dancing in the wind : - SiS 

And to the helm the guiding rudder join*d 

(With yielding osiers fenc'd, to break the force 

Of surging waves, and steer the steady course). 

Thy loom, Calypso ; for the future sails 

Supply'd the cloth, capaciousof the gales. 330 

With stays and cordage last he rigg'd the ship. 

And, roll'd on levers, launched her in the deep. 

Four days were past, and now the work complete. 
Shone the fifth morn, when from her sacred seat 334 
The nymph dismissed him (odorous garments given). 
And bathM in fragrant oils that breathed of heaven : 
Tlien fill'd two goat-skins witii her hands divine. 
With water one, and dne with sable wine : 
Of every kind, provisions heavM aboard; 
And the full decks with copious viands stor'd. 340 
The goddess, last, a gentle breeae supptfes. 
To curl old Ocean, and to warm the skies. 

And, now, rejoicing in the prosperous gales. 
With beating heart Ulysses spreads his sails: 
Placed at the helm he sate, and marked the skies, 345 
Kor closM in sleep his ever-watchful eyes. 
There vieVd the Pleiads, and the Northern Team, 
And gieat Orion's more refulgent beam. 
To which,.around the axle of the sky 
Hie Bear, revolving, points his golden eye : SSO 

Who shines exalted on th* etherial plain, 
Kor bathes his Uaaing forehead in the main. 
Far on the left those radiant fifes to keep 
The nymph directed, as they ••U*d Um deep. 



adoK V. m oxnnttsr. 



fMl tav0iitoen AiglM» lie eat liie Ibetoy wey : 
The dirtuit lead mpipmt*d the followi^ def^t 
Tben sw^M to aigbt Fhseeie't dusky coesfe, 
Aad woody OMuiiteias, half in repoen lott ; 
That lay before bin, indietiiKt aad vaat, 
like a broad sbleM amid the wacnry waste. 300 

But bin, tiias voyaging the deeps betow, 
Vrom far, on Solyv^'s aerial brow, 
Tbe king of oeean saw, and seeliig bara'd 
(From £tbiopia*s bappy dimes retum'd); 
Tbe i^ging nK>aareh shook bis asaie bead, 96S 

And thus in secret to bis seal be said. 

Heaveni ! how oMMtain are the powsit on high! 
Is tbea revers'dthe sentence of Uie sky» 
In one man's fhvoar; while a distant gaest 
1 shar'd secare the iClihiopiaa feast ? 9fO 

Behold bow near nmacia^ land he draws f 
Tbe land, aAa'd by Fafce^s etsmal laws 
To end his toils. Ts then oor anger vain ? 
Vo ; if tixis sceptre yet commands tbe main. 

Re spoke, and high the forky trident harl'd 375 
R<rfls cloads on clouds, aad stirs the watery world. 
At once the face of earth and sea deforms, 
Swells all the winds, and ronses all the storms. 
Down rush'd tiie night: eaet, west, together roar; 
Attd south and north rell'd meaatains to the shore ; 
Tben shook the here, to despair resiga'd, Sti 

And questioa'd thus bis yet^oaconquei'd mind. 

Wretch that I am ! what farther fates attend 
This Hfe of toils, and what my destin'd end i 
Too well, alas, the island goddess knew, 385 

On the black sea what perils should ensue. 
Kew horrors now this destin'd head iaelose i 
Unfiird Is yet ti^ mesaace. of my woes ; 
With whata cknrd the brows of heai^ea era erowa'd! 
Whftt raging winds I what roaring waters roand 1 dQQ 
*TU Jove himself the ewelling tempest roirs ; 
Death, present deati), on every side appears. 
Happy ! thrice happy t who, in battle sIsAn, 
Prest, in AtrM«^ cansse, the 'Arojaa plaia ! 



g» THE ODTSSET. BOOK V. 

Ob ! had I dy*d before that weU-fougbt well ! 800 
Had some diatinfuUh'd day renown*d mj fell 
(Sacfa as was that when shqwera of jevelins fled 
From coaqfueriag Troy wound AchUlee deed)) 
All Greece had peld me solemn fanerals then. 
And spread my glory with the soaa of men. 400 

A shameful fate now hides my hapless head. 
Unwept, unnoted, and for ever dead ! 

A mi^ty wave rush'd o*er him as he spoke, . 
The raft it oover*d» and the mast it broke ; 
Swept from the deck, and firem the rudder torn,. 400 
Far on the swelling suige the chief was borne; 
While by the howling tempest rent in twain 
Flew sail and sail-yards rattling o*er the main. 
Ijong pres»*d, he heav*d beneath the weighty ware, 
Clogg'd by the cumb*rons vest Calypso gave : 410 
At length emerging, from his nostrils wide 
And gushing mouth, effos'd the briny tide^ 
£v*n then not mindless of his last retreat. 
He seis*d the raft, and leaped into his seat. 
Strong with the fear of death. The rolling flood 415 
Now here, now there, impell'd the floating wood. 
As when a heap of gather'd thorns is caet 
Now to, now fro, before th' autumnal blast; 
Together clung, it rolls around the field ; 
So roird the float, and so its texture held : 410 

And now the south, and new the north, ^ar sway. 
And now the east the foamy floods obey. 
And now the westrwind whirls it o'er the sea. 
The wandering chief with toils on toils opprest, 
Z^encothea saw, and pity toach'd her breast 4M 
(Herself a mortal onee, of Cadmus* stxain, 
But now an asere sistM- of the main). 
Swift as a seannew, sprini^ng front Uie Aopd, 
AU redient on the raft the goddess stood ; 
And thus addrest him.: Thou, whom heaven decreet 
To Neptttne*s wrath, stem tyrant of tlte seas I 4U 
(Unequal contest!) not his rage and power, 
Crreat as he is, such virtue shall devour. 
What I suneat, thy wisdom will perfona; 
Forsake thy float, and leave it to the storm ; 4S5 



BOOK ▼. IHB OBY88BT. 91 

Strip off thy g«nMnt» ; ITeptuiM's fury bnvt 

With naked stnogth, and plonge into the wvfm. 

To reach Pbseacia all thy nenres extend, 

There Fate decrees thy miseries shall end. 

Tbis heavenly scarf heneath thy booom bind» 440 

Aod live; give all thy terrors to the wind. 

Soon as thy arms the happy shiwe shall gain, 

Retnm the gift, and cast it in the main ; 

Obsenre my orders, and with heed obey. 

Cast it for off and torn thy eyes away. 441 

With that, her hand tiie sacred veil bestbws. 
Then down the deeps she div'd from whence she rose; 
A m oment snateh'd the shining form away. 
And all was coVer'd with the curling sea. 

Strack with amaae, yet still to doubt inclin*d, 480 
He stands suspended, and explores his mind. 
What shall I do ? unhappy me ! who knows 
But other gods intend me other woes ? 
Whoe'er thou art, I shall not blindly join 
Thy pleaded reason, but consult with mine : 4^ 
For scarce in ken appears that distant isle 
Thy voice foretels me shall conclude my toil. 
Thus then I judge; while yet the planks sustain 
The wild waves* fury, here I fix*d remain ; 
Bat when their texture to the tempest yields, 460 
I launch adventurous on the liquid fields. 
Join to the help of gods the strength of man. 
And take thb method, since the best I can. 

While thus his tboughtt an anxious council hold. 
The raging god a watery mountain roll'd ; 466 

like a black sheet the whehning billows ^read, 
Bnrst o*er the float, and Uiunrter'd on his head. 
Plaoksy beams, disparted fly ; the scatter'd wood 
Rolls diverse, and in fragments strews the flood. 
So the rude Boreas, o'er the field new-4hom, 470 
Tosses and drives the scattered heaps of com. 
And now a single beam the chief bestrides ; 
There pcnsM awhile above the bounding tides, 
Hi* limbs discumbeis of the clinging vest. 
And binds the »ac|-ed cincture round his breast : 475 



ft mB oDTBser. ik>OK v. 

Thea pfOiie on oceiiii ia a moDMiit flttng, 

Stretch^ witle Iiis eager arms, and thotlihe seat along. 

All naked now, on heaving billows laid. 

Stern Neptiine eyM iiitn, and c^ntmoptnous said : 

Go, leam'd inVoes, and other foes essay! 460 
G0| wander helpless on the watery way t 
Thus, thus find out the destinM sbtfre, and then 
(If Jove ordains it) mix with happier men. 
Whate'er thy fate, the ills oai wrath could raise 
Shall last remembered in thy best of days. - 485 

This said, his sea-green steads divide the foam. 
And reach high iEgae and tiie towery dome. 
Now, scarce vithdrawn,thcfierceearth-sfaa1iiBg power, 
Jove's daughter Pallas wateh'd the favouring hoar. 
Sack to their caves she bade the winds to fly, 4^0 
And httth'd the blustering brethren of tfie sky. 
The drier blasts alone of Boreas sway^ 
And bear him soft on broken waves aWay ; 
With gentle force impelling to that ^6re, 
Where Fate has destinM he shall toll Ao more. 4g6 
And now two nights, and now two days were past. 
Since wide he wander'd on the watery waste; 
Heav'd on the surge with intermittiog breafli. 
And hourly panting in the arms of death. 
The third foir mom now blas'd upon the main ; 500 
Then glassy smooth lay all the liquid plain; 
The winds were hash'd, the billows scarcely corrd» 
And a dead silence stillM tiie watery world. 
When lifted on a ridgy wave he spies 
The land at distance, and with sharpenM eyes. 50!^ 
As iiiovi dilldren joy with vast delight 
When a lov»d site revives before their sight 
(Who, lingering long, has call'd on death In vald, 
Fix'd by some dsemob to his bed of pain. 
Till Heaven by mifacle his life restore); 910 

So joys Olyssei at Ih' appearing shore ; 
And sees (and labours onward as be sees) 
The rising forests, and the tufbed trees. 
And now, as near approaching as the sound 
Of human voice the listening ear may wduttd, 515 



BOOK T. TSB <H>TaSEr. 0S 

• 

Amidat tbe racks h^ hear4 » hollow row 
Of marmttring Baxge» breakiog on the thont 
Nor peaceful port was thore, nor wiadinc btj. 
To shield the vessel from the rolUog sea. 
Bat cliffs, and shaggy shores, a dreadfal sight I 580 
All rough with rocks, with foataj billows white. 
Fear sf is*d his slackened limbs and beating heart; 
As thus he oomman'd with his sovl apart. 

Ah me ! when o*er a length of waters tosti 
llMse eyes at last behold th* unhop'd-for eoMt, S95 
No port receiyes me from the angry main* 
But the loud deeps demand me back again. 
Above sharp rocks forbid access j around 
Aoar the wide waves ; beneath is sea profound 1 
No footing sure affords the faithless saud, MO 

' To stem ^>o rapid, and too deep to stand. 
If here I enter, mr efforts are vain, 
Dash'd on the cliffs, or heav*d into the main^ 
Or round the island if my course I bend, 
Where the. ports open, or the shores descend, 59$ 
Back to the seas the rolling surge msy sweep, 
And bury all my hopes beneath the deep. 
Or soife enormous whale the god may send 
(For many such on Amphitrite attend). 
Too well U)e turns of mortal iriiance I know, 540 
And bate relentless of my heavenly foe. 
While til us he thou!*ht, a monstrous wave upbore 
The chief, and dash'd him on the cxaggy shore : 
Tom was his skin, nor had the ribs been whole. 
But instant Pallu enter'd in his soul, 545 

Close to the cliff witfiH)oth his bands he clung, . 
And stuck adherent, and suspended hung ; 
Till the huge surge roil'd <^: then, backward sweep 
The refluent tides, and plunge him in the deep. 
As when the polypus, from forth his cave 550 

Torn with full force, reluctant beats the wave ; 
His ragged claws are stuck wU^i stones and sands : 
So the rough rock had shagx'd Ulysses* hdudl. 
And now had periah'd, wiielm'd bcneatli the msin, 
Th* unhappy man : ev'n &ie liad been in vain 555 



9* . THE ODTSSiST. BOQK V. 

Bat ^1-SQbdmtig Fallaa lent lier pdwer, . 

And prudence sav'd Iiim in the needful hour. 

Beyond the beating surge bis course he bore 

(A wider circle^ but in sight of shore), 

mth longing 6yes^ observing, to survey 56o 

Some smooth ascent, or safe sequester'd bay. 

Betveea the parting rocks at length he spy'd 

A falling stream with gentler waters glide ; 

Where to tiiie seas the shelving shore declin*d. 

And fbrm'd a bay impervious to the wind. 566 

To this calm port the glad Ulysses prest. 

And hail'd the river, and its god addrest : 

W)ioe*er thou art, before whose stream unknown 
I bend, a suppliant at thy watery throne, 
Hear, azure king 1 nor let me fly in vain 570 

To thee from Neptune and the raging main. 
Ueaven hears and pities hapless men like me. 
For sacred 6v*n to gods is misery : 
Let then thy waters give the weary rest. 
And save a suppliant, and a man distrest. 570 

He pray'd, and straight the gentle stream subsides. 
Detains the rushing current of his tides. 
Before the wanderer smooths the watery way, 
And soft receives him firom the rolling sea, 
^n>at moment, fainting as be touch'd the shore, 580 
He dropt his sinewy arms : his knees no more 
Perform'd their office, or his weight upheld : 
His swoln heart heav'd ; his bloated body swell'd : 
From mouth and nose the briny torrent ran ; 
And lost in lassitude lay ail the man,. 565 

Depriv'd of voice, of motion, and of breath ; 
The soul scarce waking in the arms of death. 
Soon as warm life its wonted office found. 
The mindful chief Leucothea's scarf unbound ; 
Observant of her word, he tarn*d aside 590 

His head, and cast it on the rolling tide. 
Behind him far, upon the purple waves 
The waters waft it, and the nymph receives. 

Kow parting itam the stream, Ulysses found 
A mossy bank with pliant rushes crown'd i 5^5 

The bank he press'd, and gently kiss*d the ground ; 



BOOK V. THE ODYSSEY. . 95 

Where on the flovery herb as soft he lay. 
Urns to his soal the sage began to saj : 

What will je next ordain, je powers on high? 
And yet» ah yet, what fates are we to try ? 6OO 

Here by the stream, if I the night out- wear, 
Thos spent already, how shall nature bear 
The dews descending, and nocturnal air ; 
Or chilly vsponrs breathing from the flood 
When BBoming rises i—lt 1 take the wood, 005 

And in thick shelter of innumerous boughs 
Enjoy the comfort gentle sleep allows ; 
Tbo* faic*d from cold, and tho* my toil be past. 
What savage beasts may wander in the waste ! - 
Pediaps I yet may fall a bloody prey 010 

To prowling bears, or lions in the way. 

Tlras hmg d^Aiating in himself he stood : 
At length he took the passage to the W004, 
Whose shady horrors on a rising brow 
WaY*d high, and frown'd upon ttie stream below. 6l$ 
There grew two olives, closest of the grove. 
With roote entwidM, and branches interwove ; 
Alike their leaves, but not alike Chey smil'd 
With sister-frniU; one, fertile, one was wild. 
17or here the sun's meridian ray had power, 620 
Kor wind sharp-piercing, nor the rushing shower ; . 
The verdant arch so close its texture kept: 
Beneath this covert great Ulysses crept. 
Of gathered leaves an ample bed he made 
Crhick strewn by tempest thro' the bowery shade); 
Where Uiree at least might winter's cold defy, 686 
Though Boreas rag'd along th* inclement sky. 
This store, with joy the patient hero found. 
And, sunk amidst them, heap'd the leaves around. " 
As some poor peasant, fated to reside 630 

Bemote from neighbours in a forest wide. 
Studious to save what human wants require. 
In embers heAp'd, preserves the seeds of fire : 
Hid in dry foliage thus Ulysses lies, 
Till Pallas ponr'd soft slumbers on his eyes ; 635 
And golden dreams (the gift of sweet repose) 
Luird all his cares, aod baaish'd all his woes. 



THE 



ODYSSEY. 



, BOOKVL 



ARGUnUBNT. 

Pallas appearing in a dream to Kailtteaa (the daagli. 
ter of Alcinotts king of Ph«Baciit)> c<Mnmatt<ls her 
to descend to the river, and wash the robes of 
state, in preparation to her nuptials. Naosicaa 
goes with her haadm^ds to the river ; where, 
.wiiite the garments are spread on the bank, they 
divert themselves in sports. Their voicetf* awake 
Ulysses, who, addressing himself to the princess, 
is by her relieved and clothed, and receives dlree- 
tidns in what manner to apply to the king aad 
queen of the island. 



{ 9t ] 



BOOKYl. 

X^HILB thus the weary wftnderer sank to rest, 
^* And peaceful slamben calm'd his auzioiw 

breast; 
The martial maid firom heaven's aerial height 
Swift to Phaeacia wing'd her rapid flight. 
In elder times the soft Phsacian train B 

In ease possest tiie wide Hyperian plain ; 
Till the Cyclopean race in arms arose, 
A lawless nation of gigantic foes : 
Then great Kansithous from Hyperia fu, 
Throogh seas retreating from the sound of war, 10 
Ihe recreant nation to fair Scheria led, 
Whrre never science rear*d her Vaurel'd head : 
There round his tribes a strength of wall he rals'd ; 
To heav'n the glittering domes and temples bUz'd : 
Just to his realms^ he parted grounds from grounds. 
And shared the ldnds,and gave the lands their bouDds. 
IVow in the silent grave Uie monarch lay. 
And wise Alcinoiis held the regal sway. 

To his high palace through the fields of air 
The goddess shot ; Ulysses was her care. 80 

There as the night in silence roU'd away, 
A heaven of charms divine Vaustcaa lay : 
Through the thick gloom the shining portals blase; 
Two nymphs the portals guard, each nymph a Grace, 
light as the viewless air, the warrior-maid 2fi 

Glides through tlie valves, and hovers round her 

head; 
A favourite virgin's blooming form she took, 
Fh»m Dymas sprung, and thus the vision spoke : 

Oh indolent ! to waste thy hours away I 
And sleep'st thou careless of the bridal day ? 30 
Thy spousal ornament neglected lies ; 
Arise, prepare the bridal train, arise 1 
A just applause the cares of dress impart. 
And give soft transport to a parent's heart. 

E 



SB THH OBYSBET. BOOK Tl. 

Haste, to th» limpid stream direct thy way, 35 

Wben the gay morn utayeiU her ^mlling ray : 

Haste to the stream ! compamoo of thy care, 

Lo, I Uiy steps attend, thy laboui> share. 

Virgin, awake ! the marriage-hour is nigh. 

See ! fton their thrones thy kindred monarchs sigh 1 

The royal car ^t ekrly dawn obtain, 4iX 

And order mules obedient to the reign ; 

For rough the vay, and distant rblls the wane. 

Where their fair vests Phsacian virgins lave. 

In pomp ride fortli ; for pomp becomes the great, 4fi 

And majesty derives a grace from state. 

Then to the palaces of heaven she sails, 
Incumbent on the wings of wafting gales ; 
.Hie seat of gods ; the r^ions mild of peace, 
Full joy, and calm etemi^ of ease. 50 

There 90 rude winds presume to shake the skie», 
Ko rains descend, no snowy vapours rise ; 
But on immortal thrones the blest repose ; 
The firmament with living splendors glows. 
Hither the goddess wiugM th* atrial way, 55 

Through lieaven's eternal gates that blazM viith day. 

Now from her rosy car Aurora shed 
Tlie dawn, and all the orient flafn'd witli red. 
TTp rose the virgin with the morning lightj 
Obedient to the vision of the night. 6D 

The queen she sought, the queen her hours bestowM 
In curious works ; the whirling spindle glow*d 
With crimson threads, while busy damsels cull 
The snowy fleece, or twbt the purpled wool. 
Meanwhile Fhseacia's peers in council sate ; ' <J5 
From his high dome the king descends in state. 
Then with a filial awe the royal maid 
Approach'd him passing, and submissive said : 

Will my dread sire his ear regardful deign. 
And may his child tlie royal car obtain f 70 

Say, with thy garmenu shall I bend my way. 
Where through the vales the mazy waters stray ? 
A dignity of dress adorns the great, 
And kings draw lustre from the robe of state. 



>0OK VI. THE ODTSSKT. flp 

^▼e sons tboa haax; three wait Uie bridal «JUj» )6 
And spotless robes become the young and gajf : 
So when with praise amid the dai>ce they shines 
By these my cares adorn'd, that praise is mine. 

Thus she : but blushes iU-restraioed, betray 
Ber thoughts intentive on the bcidnl day : 80 

The conscious sire the d^wuiug blush survey 'd, * 
And amiiing, thus bespoke the bloomiag maid. 
My child, my darlifig joy» tlje car receive ; 
That* and whatever our daughter asks We give. 

Swift at the royal nod th' auending train 85 

The car prepare, the mules incessant rein. 
The blooming vir^^ witli dispatchful cares 
Tunics, and stoles, and robes imperial, bears. 
The queen, assiduous, to her train assigns 
The sumptuous viands, and the flavourous wines. 90 
The train prepare a cruise of curious mould, 
A cruise of fragrance, form'd of burnish'd gold ; 
Odour divine ! whose soft refreshing streams 
Sleek the smooth skin, and scent the snowy limbt, 

Kx>w mountii)g t^e gay seat, the silken reins gfi 
ffiiiue in her hand ; along the spundiog plains 
Swift fly the mules : nur rode the nymph alo^e ; 
i^und* a bevy of bright dajnsels shone. 
They seek the cisterns where Phseaciap dames 
Wash their fair garments in the limpid streams ; MO 
Vhere, gathering into depth from falling rills. 
The lucid wave a spacious bason fills* 
* The mules unharnessed range beside the main. 
Or crop the verdaot herbage of the plain. 

Then emulous the royal robes they lave, 105 

And plunge the vestures in the cleansing wave 
(The vestures cieansM o'erspread the shelly sandi 
Their snowy Inst/'e whitens all tlie straud)^. 
Then with a shoit repast relieve tlieir toll, 
Aod o'er their lim^s dijS'us^ aqabrosial oil ; 110 

And wliil^ th.e ropes imbibe tlie splai: ray« 
0*er the green, mead. tlie sporting virgins plajr 
fTheir shining veils unbofind). Along the skies 
To«t, and rftto^jt, the b^ll Incessant flies. 



100 THE ODTSSET. BOOK Vf . 

They sport, they feast ; Nansicaa lifts her voice, 115 
And, warbling sweet, makes earth aqd heaven rejoice. 

As ^hen o*er Erymanth Diana roves, 
Or wide Tiygetua* resounding groves ; 
A sylvan train the hdntress qaeen sorroands. 
Her rattling quiver from her shoulder sounds : ISO 
' Fiercein the sport, along the mountain's brow 
They bay the boar, oi chase the bounding roe ; 
High o*er the lawn, with more majestic pace. 
Above the nymphs she treads with stately grace ; 
Distinguish*d excellence the goddess proves ; 185 
Exults Latona as the virgin moves. 
With equal grace Nansicaa trod the plain. 
And shone transcendent o'er the beauteous traiir. 

Meantime (the care and favourite of the skies) 
Wrapt in embowering shade, V lysses lies, ISO 

His. woes forgot! but Fallas now addrest 
To br^k the bands of all-composing rest. 
Forth from her snowy hand Nansicaa threw 
The various ball ; the ball erroneous flew, 
And swam the stream ; loud shrieks the virgin train. 
And the loud shriek redoubles from the main. 196 
Wak'd by the shrillifig sound, Ulysses rose, 
And, to the deaf woods wailing, breath*d his woet. 

Ah ne ! on what inhospitable coast, 
On what new region, is Ulysses tost ; 140 

Possest by wild barbarians fierce in arms ; 
Or men, whose bosom tender pity warms i 
What sounds are these that gather from the shores ? 
The voice of nymphs that haunt the sylvan bowers. 
The fair-hair'd Dryads of the shady wood ; lift 

Or arare daughters of the silver Aood ; 
Or human voice ? but, issuing from tlie shades. 
Why cease I straight to learn what sound invades? 

Then,wbere the grove'with leaves umbrageous bends 
With forceful strength a branch the hero rends ; 150 
Around his loins the verdant cincture spreads 
A wreothy foliage and concealing shades. 
As when a lion in the midnight hours. 

Beat by rttd« blatts, and wet with winter j showers, 




BOOK VI. THE 0B7S5CY. 101 

Descends terrific from the moiiAtain*i brow ; 195 

Wi^ living flames his rolliog eyeJMJls glow ; 

With conscious strength elate, be bends bis wsy. 

Majestically fierce to seize his prey 

(The steer or st^); or, with keen hanger bold. 

Springs o*er the fence, and dissipates tl^ fold. l60 

Vo less a terror, from ttie neighbouring groves 

(Rough from the tossing surge) Ulysses moves ; 

TTrg'd on by want, and recent from the storms ; 

The brackish oose his manly grace deforms. 

Wide o*er the shore with many a piercing cry 165 

To rocks, to caves, the fright'd virgins fly ; 

All but the nymph : the nymph stood fix'd atone, 

By Pidlas arm*d with boldness not her own. 

Meantime in dubious thought the king awa'ts, 

And, self-considering, as he stands, debates ; 170 

Distant his mournful story to declare. 

Or prostrate at her knee address the prayer. 

But fearful to offend, by wisdom sway'd, 

At awful distance be accosts the maid. 

If from the skies a goddess, or if earth 175 

(Imperial virgin) boast thy glorious birth. 
To thee T bend ! If in that bright disguise 
Thou visit earth, a daughter of the skies, 
Hail, Dian, hail I the huntress of the grovef 
8o shines majestic, and so stately moves, 180 

8o breathes an air divine ! But if thy race 
Be mortal, and this earth thy native place, 
Blest is the ftither from whose loins you sprung. 
Blest is the mother at whose breast you hung, 
Blest are the brethren who thy blood divide, 185 
To such a miracle of charms ally*d : 
Joyful they see applauding princes gaae. 
When stately in the dahce you swim th* bsnoonious 



But blest o'er all, the youth with heavenly charms. 

Who clasps the bright perfection in his arms ! I9O 

Never, I never viewM till this blest hour 

Surh finish'd grace 1 I gaae, and I adore ! 

Thus seems the palm, with sutely honours crowii*d 

By Phosbits* altars, thus o'erlooks the ground ; 



lOtf THB OBS'SSEt. BOOIC VI. 

tht pride of Delos. * (Ey the Delidn coast, 1^5 

I voyagM, leader of a warrior-host, 

But ah, how chani|[M ! from thence tiiy Sorrow flows ; 

O fatal voyage, source of all my woes !) 

RapturM I stood, and as this hour amazed, 

With rtvBtelMt at the lofty wonder gazM ; SOQ 

RaptarM I stand ! for earth ne'er knew to beir 

A plant so stately, or a nymph so fair. 

Aw'd from access, T lift my suppUaht hands ^ 

For misery, oh queen, before thee stands ! 

Twice ten tempestuous nights I roll'd, rcsigifd 'Sb^ 

To roaring billows, and the warring wibd i 

Heaven bkde the deep^to spare ! but Heaven, itty fbe. 

Spares only to inflict some mightier woe! 

iQur'd to cares, to death in ail its forms; 

Outcast I rove, familiar with the t^rms ! Sib 

Once moi e I view the face of human kind : 

Oh let soft pity touch thy generous mind t 

Unconscious of what air I breathe, I stand 

Naked, defenceless on a foreign land. 

Propitious to my wants, a vest supply ^15 

To guard the ^^retchefd f^om th' inclemeni sky : , 

So may the gods, who heaveh and earth controal. 

Crown the cha-te wishes of thy virtuoiis soul. 

On thy soft hours their choicest blessings shed; 

Blest with a husband be thy bridal bed ; 890 

Blest be thy husband with a blooming lace. 

And lasting union crown your blissful ddys. 

The gods, when they supremely bless, bestow 

Firm union on their favourites below : 

Then envy grieves, with inly-ptning hate ; '' StS 

The good exult, and heaven is in our state. 

To whom the nymph — O s^anger, cease thy carft ; 
Vflie is thy ion\, but man is born to bear : 
Jove weighs affairs of earth in dubious scaTes, 
And the good suffers, while ihe bad prevails. tSD 
Bear, wltti a soul resigned, the will of Jove ; 
Who breathes, must mourn : thy woes are from above. 
But since thou tread*st otar hospitable shor^, 
*Tts mibe id bid ih« wretched grieve no more. 



m^oK Yi. 2SSB tnxtanst, ms 

To cloth« the iteked, aott thj-va; to galde--* SSI 
Know, the Vh«»ftei»n tribes tJbb laad dhrtde; 
Frina great AleinoeB' hojal loins I spriog, 
A luipp5 nalioa, and e hftpfiy king.. 

Then to her meids—Why* why, ye cowsrd train, 
These feen* this flight ; ye fear, and fly In y«ia. S40 
Dread ye a foe ? disniss that idte dread, 
Tis death with hostile vteps these shoffta to tlvad : 
Safe in the love of heaven, an ocean flows 
Around our realm, a tiarrier firodt the lees^ ' 
Tis oon this soa of sorrow to relieve, t43 

Cheer the sad heart, nor let aflictida grieve. ' 

By Jove the stranger and the fioor ara sent ; 
And what to those we give, to Jove is lent. 
Then food sapply, and bathe his fainting Umfts 
Where wavibg shades obseare the masy slTMttt. 200 

Obedient to the call, the chief they giidde 
To the calm cimnmt of the secret tide ; 
Close by the strewn a royal dress they lay. 
A vest and robe, with rich embroidei7 gay ; 
Then ungaents in a vase of gold supply, tliS 

That bfeath'd a fragrance through the balmy sk^. 

To them the king. No loatier I detain 
Tour' friendly care : rttirc, ye virgin train I 
Ketire, while from my weary Ihnbs I l<ve 
The foal pollution of the biiny wave. t60 

Te gods ! sioee this worn frame refection knew, 
What scenes have I sarvey'd of drtedfdl view ! ■ 
But, nymi^s, recede ! sage chastity denies 
To raise the blush* or path the intkliM «yes. 

The nytaipHs withdrawn, at ooeb into the tide M5 
Active he bounds ; the flnahiog waves divide: 
0*er all his limbs his hands the wave dilFuse, 
And from bis locks compress the weedy ooae ; 
The balmy oil, a fragraot shower, he sheds ; 
Ibeot drastt in pomp ml^plificently treads. 470 
The warrior-goddess gives his frame to sbloe 
With majostj ehila^'d, and air divine : 
Back from his In-ows a length of hair uoforU, 
Hie kyMinthioa locks descend ia wavy cutis. 



104 THE 0DT8SXT. BOOK VX. 

As by tome artUt tp whom Volcaa gives 275 

His skill divine, a breeUung statiie lives ; 

By Pallas taught, he frames die wondrous mould. 

And o*er the silver ponrs the fiisile gold. 

80 Pallas his heroic frame improves 

With heavenly bloom, and like a god he moves. t80 

A fragrance breathes around; majestic grace 

Attends his steps : th* astonished virgins gase. 

Soft he reclines along the iBurmnring seas, 

Inhaling freshness from the fanning breeae. 

The wondering nymph his glorious port sarvey*df 
And to her damsels, with amasement, said. €80 

Kot without care divine the striuger treads 
This land of joy ; his steps some godhead leads: 
Would Jov« destroy him, sure he had been driven 
Far from this realm, the favourite isle of heaven. 909 
Late a sad spectacle of woe, he trod 
The desert sands, and now he looks a god. 
Oh heaven ! itt my connubial hour decree 
This man my spouse, or such a spouse as be 1 
But haste, the viands and the bowl provide— > fi^S 
The maids, the viands and the bowl snpply*d : 
Eager he fed, for keen his hunger rag*d. 
And with the generous vintage thirst assuag'd. 

Now on rc4om her care>Nausicaa bends. 
The robes resumes, the glittering car ascends, 300 
Far blooming o'er the field ; and as she prassM 
The splendid seat, the listening chief address'd. 
Stranger, arise ! the sun rolls down the day» 
Lo, to the palace I direct the way ; 
Where in high sUte the nobles of the lead 300 

Attend my royal sire, a radiant band. 
But hear^ though wisdom in Ihy sonl presidea. 
Speaks from thy tongue, and every acUoa gvtdes : 
Advance at distance, while i pass the plain 
Where o*er the furrows waves the golden grain ;S10 
Alone I re-ascend— With airy .mounds 
A strength of wall the guarded city bounds : 
The jutting land two ample bays divides: 
Fktl through the narrow Months d es cend the tides ; 



9dO]E VI. IBB omsmiL. jlOS 

Ifae spttdoos Imsons arching rocl^s i&clotet ^19" 

A sore defence from evefy storm that' blows. 
Cloee to the bay great Neptaae's Tane adjoins; 
And near, a forom flank'd with marble shinea, 
IVhere the bold youth, the namurous Heets to sjtore. 
Shape the broad sail, or smooth th« taper oar : 330 
For not die bow they bend, nor boast the aklU 
To gire die feather'd arrdw wings to kill ; 
Bat the tall mast above the vessel rear. 
Or teacb the fiotteiing sail to float in air. 
Ibey rasb Into the deep with eager joy, 3^' 

CUmb tiie steep' aiurge, and through the tempest ily; 
A prood, nnpolishM race — To me belongs 
The carexo shun tl^e blast of slanderous tongues ; 
Lest miUice, prone the virtnous to defame. 
Thus with vilrcensure taint my spotless name : S.V) 
** What stranger this whom thus Nausicaa leads r 
** Heavens, with what graceful majesty he treads ! 
" Perhaps a native of some distant shore, 
** Tlie future consort of her bridal hour; 
'* Or rather some descendant of the skies ! 33^ 

•* Won by her prayer, th* aerial bridegroom flies. 
*' Heaven on that hour its choicest influence shedt 
** That gave a fQreigu spouse to crown Iier bed ! 
" All, all the godlike worUaes that aciorn. 
" This realm, she flies : Phaeacia is her scorn.** 310 

And just the blame ; for female innocence 
Vot only flies the gnilt, but shun^ th* offence : 
Th* unguarded virgio, as unchast< , T blame ; 
And the least freedom with the sex is shame, 
mi our consenting sires a spouse provide, 345 

And public nuptials justify ihr bride. 

But wouldsC thou soon review thy native plain? 
Attend, and speedy thou shalt pass the main: 
Nigh where a grove with verdant poplars crown'd, 
T6 Pallas sacred, shades the holy ground, 3$n 

We bend our way: a bubbllag fount distills 
A lucid lake, and thence descends in rills; 
Around the grove, a mead with fively green 
FATts by degrees, and forms a beauteous scene ; 

ES • 



t<A THE OptSSET. BOOK VI. 

Hers a rich jn^ the royal vineyard pours ;. S$S 

And there the garden yields a waste of flowers, 

Uence lies the town, as far as to the ear 

Floats a strong shout along tiie waves of air.' 

There wait embower'd, while I ascend alone 

To great Alcinoiis on his royal throne. S60 

Arrived, advance, impatient of delay, , 
A&d to the lofty palace bend thy way : 
The lofty palace overlooks the town. 
From every dome by pomp superior known ; 
A child may point tlie way. With earnest gait 3C5 
Seek thou the queen along the rooms of state ; 
Her royal hand a wondrous work designs. 
Around a circle of bright damsels shines, > - 

Part twist the threads, and part the wool dispose, 
While with the purple orb the spindle glows. SfO 
High on a throne, amid the Sherian powers. 
My royal father shares the genial hours; 
But to the queen thy mournful tale disclose, 
With the prevailing eloquence of woes : 
So Shalt tiiou view with joy thy natal shore, 375 
Through mountains rise between, and oceans roar. 

She added pot, but waving as she wbeel'd 
The silver scourge, it glitter'd o'er the field ; 4 

With skill the virgin guides th' embroidered rein, . 
Slow rolls the car before th* attending train. - 380 
Now whirling down the heavens, the golden day 
Shot through the western clouds a dewy ray ; 
The grove they i^ach, where from the sacred shade 
To Pallas thus the pensive hero pray'd. 384 

Daughter of Jove I whose arms in thunder wield 
Th* avenging bolt, and shake the dreadful shield ; 
Forsook by tAiee, in vain I sought tiiy aid 
When booming billows clos'd above my head ; 
Attend, unconquer*d maid ! accord my vows. 
Bid the Great hetf, and pitying heal my woes. 390 

This heard Itinerva, but forbore to fly 
(By Keptnne aw*d) apparent from the sky ; 
fltem god ! who rag'd with vengeance unrestrain*d, 
riU great Ulytset hall'd his native land. 



ODYSSEY 

BOOK VII. 



ARGUMEirr. 

T%c Court qfAieinomt* 

Th« princess Kaosicaa returns to the city* and 
Ulysses soon after follows thither. He is met bj 
Pallas In the form of a young virgin, who guides 
bim to tbo palace, and directs him in what man* 
ner to address the queen Arete. She then involves 
bim in a mist, which causes him to pass invisible. 
The palace and gardens of Alcinous described. 
Ulysses falling at the feet of the queen, tlie mist 
disperses, the Phseacians admire, and receive Ida 
with respect. The queen inquiring by what means 
bM had the garments he then wore, he relates to 
her and Alcinons bis departure from Calypso, and 
Ms arrlTal on their dominions. 

The saoM day continues, and the lipolc ends 
with the nigbt. 






I loe 1 



BOOK vn. 

rpHE patient heavenlj maa that ftuppliant p>iy'd ; 
"*• While the alow amies draw on th' imperial maid* 
Thro* the prond street she moves, the pnblic gase ; 
The tttrning wheel before the palace stajs. 
With ready love her brothers gathering roond, 5 
BeoeiT'd the vestures, and the mules unbound. 
She seeks the bridal bower : a matron there 
The rising fire supplies with busy care. 
Whose charms in youth her father's heart InflanTdy 
Kow worn with a^e, Euryaieduf a nam*d : lO 

Ibe captive dame Pbaeacian rovers bore, 
Snatch'd from Epiriis, her aweec nsliVe shore 
(A grateful prise), and in her bloom bestow'd 
On good AlcinoiiSi hoooar'd as a god ; 
Nurse 6f Nansicaa from her infaJBit years, 15 

And tender second to a mother's cares. 

Vow from the sacred thicket where he Iay« 
To town Ulysses took the winding way. 
' Propitious Pallas, to secure her care, 
Around him spi-ead a veil of thickeo'd air; fO 

*ro shun th' encounter of the vulgar crowd. 
Insulting still inquisitive and loud. 
"iVhen near the fam'd Phseacian walls he drew» 
The beauteous city opening to his view. 
His step a virgin met, and stood before : S5 

A polish'd urn the seeming virgin bore. 
And youthful smil'd ; but in the low disguise 
Lay hid the goddess with the azure eyes. 

Show me, fair daughter (tlius the chief demands). 
The house of him who rules these happy lands. SO 
Through ifltn^ woes and wandering s/lo t I come 
To good Alcinous' hospitable dome. 
Far from my native coast, I rove alone, 
A wretched stranger, and of all unknown I 

The goddess answered. Father, I obey, 35 

And point the wandering traveller his way : 
Well known to me the palace you inquire, 
fn fast beside it dweUs my bohonr'd sire : 



BOOK 1^1. THE ODT86BT. I09 

Bvt sUent Uttrcb, n6r greet the comoioii Mio 
With qaesdon needless, or inqairy Tain : 40 

A nee of ragged mariners are these ; 
Unptriish'd men, and boisteroas as tl^eir seas ; 
Hie native islanders alone their care, 
And hateful be who breathes a fbrelgn Ur. 
These did the mler of the deep ordldn 49 

To boild proad navies, and command the miiin; 
On canvas tvings to cut Che watery way ; 
No bird so light, no thought so swift as they. 

Thns having spoke, th* nnknowo celestial leads : 
The footstep of the deity he treads, 50 

And secret moves slong tlie crowded space. 
Unseen of all the tmde Phasacian race 
(So Pallte ordered. Pallas to their eyes 
The mistjobjcicted, and condensed the skies). 
The chief with wonder sees th* extended streets, 55 
The spreading haii)oars, and the riding fleets ; 
He next their princes lofty domes admires, 
In separate islands, crownM with rising spires ; 
And deep intrenehments, and high walls of stone. 
That gird the city like a marble z^e. 00 

At length the lin^j palace gates he view*d ; 
There stopp'd the goddess, and her speech renewM. 

My task is done ; the mansion you Inquiro 
Appears before you : enter, and admire. 
Hlgh-thron'd, and feasting, there thou shalt be- 
hold 65 
The scepter'd rulers. Fear not, but be bold : 
A decent boldness ever meets with friends, 
Soc^eeds, and ev'h a stranger recommends. 
First to the qoeen prefer a supplianCs claim, 
AlcittOiis' queen, Ateti is her name. 70 
The same her parents, Snd her power the same. 
For Vhow, from ocean's god HausithoUs sprung. 
And Peribaea, beautiful and young 
(Eurymedon's last hope, who rul'd of old 
The race of giaUts, impious, proud, and bold ; 75 
Perisb'd the nation in unrighteous war, 
Pcriah*d the prince, and left this only heir) 



110 THSODTSSBY. BOOK YU* 

Who now, by Neptune^s amorous power compresty 

Prodttc'd a monarch that his people blest. 

Father and prince of the Phae%cian okme ; 80 

From him Rhexenor and Alcinoiis came. 

The first by Phoebns' burning arrows fir'd, 

Kew from his nuptials, hapless youtli \ ezpir'd. 

No son survived : Aret^ heir^d his state. 

And her, Alcinoiis chose his royal mate. 85 

With honours yet to womankind unknown. 

This queen he graces, and divides the throne : 

In equal tenderness her sons conspire. 

And all the children emulate their sire. 

When thro* the street she gracious deigns to more 

(The public wonder and the public love) 9X 

The tongues of all with transport sound her praise, 

Tlie eyes of all, as on a goddess, gaze. 

She feels the triumph of a generous breast; 

To heal divisions, to relieve th* opprest, gS 

In virtue rich ; in blessing others, blest. 

Go then secure, thy humble suit prefer. 

And owe tliy country and thy friends to her. 

With that the goddess deignM no longer stay. 
But o'er the world o^waters wiag'd Imt way : 100 
Forsaking Scheria's ever-plentiaf ahore^ 
The winds to Marathon the virgin bore ; 
Thence, where proud Athens 'rears her towery head, - 
With opening streets and shifting structures spread, 
8he past, delighted with the well-known seats : 105 
And to Erectlieus* sacred dome retreats. 

Meanwhile Ulysses at the palace waits, 
There stops, and anxious with bis soul debates* 
I1x*d in amase before the royal gates. 
The front appeared with radiant splendors gay, 110 
Bright as the lamp of night, or orb of day. 
The walls were massy brass ; the cornice high 
Blue metals crowned, in colours of the sky : 
Rich plates of gold the folding doors incase ; 
The pillars silver, on a brasen base ; 115 

Silver, the lintels deep-projecting o*er. 
And gold, the Hnglets tiiat connand the door^ 



BOOK TO.' THE ODYSSEY. HI 

Two rows of stately dogs on either h*ocl, 

In scnlptar'd gold and l^wur'd silver stand. 

Iliese Valcan fonn'd with art dlrine, to wait ISO 

Immortal guardians at Alcinons' gate ; 

Alive each animated frame appears. 

And still to live bejond the power of jears. - 

Jair thrones within firom space to space were rals'd, 

'Where various carpets with embroidery blas'd, 125 

The work of matrons: these the princes prest. 

Day following day» a long continued feast. 

Refulgent pedestals the walls surround, 

Which boys of gold with flaming torches crownM ; 

The polish*d ore, reflecting every ray, ISO 

Blas'd on the banquets with a' double day. 

Full fifty handmaids form the household trait) ; 

Some torn the mill, or sift the golden grain ; 

Some ply the loom ; their busj fingers move 

Like poplar-feaves when Zephyr fans the grove. 1S5 

Not more renown'd tlie men of Scheria's isle. 

For sailing arts and all the naval toil, 

Than works of female skill their women*s pride, 

The flying sho^le^through the threads to guide: 

Pallas to these her double gifts imparts, 140 

'Inventive genius^ and industrious arts. 

Close to the gates a sparious garden lies, 
Fh>m stprms defended and inclement skies. 
Four acres was th' allotted space of ground, 
Fenc'd with a green inclosure all around. 145 

Ttll thriving trees confessed the fruitful mould; 
The reddening app^e ripens here to gold. 
Here the blue fig with luscious juice o'erflows. 
With deeper red the full pomegranate glows. 
The branch here bends beneath the weighty pear. 
And verdant olives flourish round the year. 151 
The balmy spirit of the western gale 
Eternal breathes on fruits, untaught to fail : 
Each dropping pear a following pear supplies. 
On apples apples, figs on figs arise : 155 

The same mild season gives the blooms to blow. 
The bads to harden, and the Aruits to grow. 



Here ordei;*d vines in equal rwks ffeVt 
With all tb' UQite4 Uboors oC t)ie year; 
Some to unload the fertile b/anclies run, lISO 

Some dry tiie bUckewnj; clifsters in the suq. 
Others to tread tlie liquid harvest join, 
^e groaning yreeses foam with floods of wine. 
Here are the vines in early flower desccj'd, 
Hi^re grapes dlKoloared on the snfQy side, 166 
And there in antama's richest purple dy'd. 
Beds of all various herbs, for ever greei^ 
In beauteous order tenniaate the scene. 
Two plenteous fountains the whole prospect 
crown'd : 
This thro* the gardens leads its streams around, 176 
Vuits each plant, and waters all the ground ; 
While that in pipes beneath the palace flows. 
And thence its current on the town bestows : 
To various use their various streams they bring , 
The people one, and one supplies the king. 175 

Such were the glories which tlie gods ordain'd, ' 
To grace Alcinous, and his happy land. 
Ev'n from tlie chief whom men and natioQS knew, 
Tb* unwonted scene surpiise and rapture drew ; 
In pleasing thought he ran the prospect o^er, 180 
Then hasty enter'd at tlie lofty door. 
Kight now approaching, in the palace stand. 
With goblets crowned, the rulers of the land; 
PreparM for rest, and oflieiing to tlie god* 
WIio bears the virtue of the sleepy rod. 195 

Unseen he glided through the jcyous crowd, 
With darkness circled, and an ambient cloud. 
Direct to great Alcinoiis' throne be came. 
And prostrate fell before th' imperial dame. 
Tiien from around him dropt the veil of night; ipo 
Sudden he shines, and manifest to sight. 
The nobles gaae, with awful fear opprest ; 
Silent they gase, and eye the godlike' guest, 
Daoghtei of great Rhexenor ! (thus began, 
Low %t her knees; the much-enduring man) 195 

• Mercury. 



BOOK 711. THE ODTB8BT. IIS 

To 0tee, thy coMort; tad tbis royal train, 

To all titat fthmre the blessi«f» of your reigo, 

A nppUmot bends : oh |nty bumeo woe ! 

"Hs vhet the heppy to tb' neheppy eve. 

A vretdied exile te hie oon&try send, MO 

Long vom with griefii, and long widioet a frieiid. 

So Bay the gods your better days iacrease, 

Aad all yoor joys deseead on all yovf race. 

So reiga for erer on your oeaotry's breast. 

Tear people blessiim, by yoer people blost! M§ 

ntea to the genial hearth he bow'd his fmem,. 

And hwBiMed in the ashes took his place. 

SUsnce ensaed. The eldest first began, 

Bchenens sage, a venei^le nutn ! 90^ 

Whose well-tanght mind the present age inrfMSt, 

And join*d to that th* experience of the last. 

Pit words attended on hte weighty sense. 

And mild persaasion flow*d in eloqvence. 

Oh sight (he cry*d) dishonest and najust I 
A guest, a stranger, seated in the dust I 91$ 

To raise the lowly suppliant from the ground 
Befits a monarch. Lol the peers around 
Bat wait tiiy word, the gentle guest to grace. 
And seat him fair in some distinguished place. 
Lst first the faeraJd due libation paqr 8M 

To Jove who guides the wanderer on his way ; 
I^en set the genial banqi|et in his view. 
And give the stranger-gnest a stranger's due.' 

His sage advice the listening king obeys. 
Be stretch'd his hand the prudent chief to raise, 8SS 
And from his seat lAodamas removed 
(The monarch's offs(iting, and his besthelov'd) ; 
There next hb side the godlike hero sate ; 
With stars of silver shone the bed of sUU. 
The golden ewer a beauteous handmaid brings, £90 
Beplenish'd from the eool translucent springs, 
Whose polish d vase with copious streams supplies 
A silver laver of capacious sise. 
The table next in regal order spread, 
Tbe glittering caanisters are heaped with bfead : «Sfi 



IM TUB orrrssBT: seoK tit. 

VUnds of vwkms liw<l» latiie tte taale, - 

Of choicest tort and •avotuv nth repast ! 

Thus feasting hif b» Aicinona fwe the 8i{a» 

And bade tl^e hemki poor the roaj wine. 

|iet all around the due libatkm pay CiO 

To JovOf who guides the wanderer on Us vay. 

He s<iid. PontonoQs heard>tbe kittg'B eodiBMMd ; 
The circUag. goblet isoves from band to hand ; 
Each drinks the joiee ttaat^ads the Iveart of nan. 
AMnoas then, With aspect nfild, hagin. S4V 

Princes and peers^ attend; wlillo wo imptvt 
To you, the thoughts of notfthuumn heart. 
Now pleas'd «od Satiate firMs felie social lite 
Repair we to the blessings of the ftigbt; 
But with the rising day^asaembled faerfc, 490 

Let all the eldeta of the htful appMU*; 
Pious observe our host>itaUe laws» 
And Heaven ptropitiate in the-strattger*s cahse^ 
Then join'd in council, proper iiseans e^lM« 
$afe to transport him to the wisht^for shore t5S 

(How distant that, imports ftot^s to know, 
Kor weigh the labour, bi^ reAieve the wee). 
Meantime, nor harm nor anguish let him bear : 
This intenraU Heaven trusts him to our nxt ; 
9at to his native land our charge msign'dv 966 

Heaven^s is his life to come, and all the woes behioli. 
Then most he suffer what the Fates •rdain ; 
For Fate has wox'e tiie thread ot hfe witii pain ! 
And twins ev'n ftom the birth are misery sm4 mah ! 

But if, descended from th' Olympian bower, Stt 
Gracious approach us some imiiMtrtal power ; 
If in thAt ftmn thou coin'sc a guest divine ; 
Some high event the consciows gods design. 
As yet, ttobid they never grao'd eur feast> 
91ie solemn saeriftce called down the gneat; 170 
Then maaifeat of heaven tho vision stood, 
And to our ^fe« fiuniliar waa the god. 
Oft with some fsvour'd traveller they stray. 
And shine before him all the desert way ; 
^Vlth seeial iatertourse, and fitee to fiice, 8f jl 

The friends and guardians of osr pious race. 



BOOK T77. TH« OtmSttf . IIS 

So neiir apprmK-h ir« their teleMi&t kiM, 
By justice, tnitis, and probity af vliiMt ; 
As -oar dire aei^bovrs of CyeWipMin Mrth 
Match'd in fierce wrong the giant -sons of eatth. 280 

Let no sach thodgUt (wltli auMest grtte refdinM 
The prwdeat Gff««k) puas es s the r»ydl utad. 
Alas ? a asOTtal, Hke th^yself, am I ; 
Ko glorious aatlfe of yon aaanre i^ ; 
Ife form, *h botr vsUke thefr li««vMly %tod ! SItt 
How more iollNiiiir ti» the flfts bf lAind ! 
Alas, a «M>rtlit ! ittOft OpfTrest of those 
Whom Fate has tealMI '•Ith-a irrigftt of wofei ; 
By 4 sad tnda of iniMH«8 illtfiie 
Bhtinfttish'd long, lad tettrtid atf^ to none ! <95 
By heaven's hi^ wtU efiWfMIM IVoln shO^etti iMbni 
With heaven's high *«Kt1 pr«)t>*r'd to W<K(» nidrti 
What histories of t)^ i;»>irid I<d^t«r^i 
Bat still 10Dg-i<irehHed nAttete Wants t^hr ; 
Spent With iWkigne, and 'shmiik ^rUh {Aiilng IliiK, S^ 
liy craving boiretk still reqnMfe tepast. 
However the rieMe, ^^ ^ ^! lag flrihtf , nftiy gHfcfto 
Its load ef a«gnlsh, wad dlsdatu to Kv^, 
Kace.<i^lfy demands our daHy bttM ; 
Hhnirer is4Me4ent, and #itl be fedi 'So6 

But Aalsb) eh t« peers ! What ybd |iropes«, 
And let tbe mo&o4i*4 diwn cotoclnde hiy wob9. 

Pleas'd will I snffV^ All the gdds ordain. 

To see diy Mil, my son, my fHeads, again. 

That view vouehstif *d let itisttRit death Anrprtsfe 906 

With ever-dwring shade these b«ppy eyes ! 
Th* asseaaMed p«!e¥i wittf' gr>nerat pralsb tfpprovM 

His pleaded reaaen, snd th#»-9tiit he molrM. 

Each drtfibs k fMI oblivion of bis cares, 

Attd to the gifts of batmy sleep ivtpatrs. • SIO 

Ulysses in Che reeral wttlls alone 

EemainM : bMride Mm, on a spletidid difoa6, 

Diviha AretA and Aiclaotis shone. 

The qneen, on nearer view, ttife irneat survey 'd, 

Bob'd in th% garments hta> nUm handi had mitde; 

1^0^ without wondi^i- Viin. Then thus (>egaa, Sf6 

Her words addrassing to the godlike mws. 



no THE OOTSSET. BOOK TTT. 

Csm*st; tlioa not hither, woodroas stnuiger ! say. 
From lands femote, and o*er a length of sea f 
Tell then irh^ce art thou i whence that princely 

air? 
And robes like these, so recent and so fair ? 9Si 
' Hard is the task, oh princess ! joa impose 
(Thus sighing spoke the man of many woes). 
The long, the moomfnl series to relate 
Of all mj sorrows sent hj Heaven and fhte ! SS5 
Yet what you ask, attmid. An island lies 
Beyond these tracts, and under other skies, . 
Ogygia nam'd, in Ocean's watery arms ; 
Where dwells Calypso, dreadful in her dianas L 
Bemote from gods or men she holds her reign, 390 
Amid the terrors of the rolling main. 
Me, only me, Che hand of fortune bore, 
Vnhlest I to tread that interdicted shore ; 
When JoTe tremendous in the sable deeps 
Laanch'd hi* red lightning at our scatfierM shipt; 
Then, all my fleet, and all my followers lost. 
Sole on a plaok, on bmling snrges tost. 
Heaven drove my wreck th* Ogygian ble to find* 
Fall nine days floating te the wave and wind. 
Met by the goddess there with open arms, S46 

She brib'd nay stay with more than human ohnnna ; 
Vay, promis'd, vainly promis d, to bestow 
Immortal life, exempt frcNn age end woe : 
But all her blandishments successless prove. 
To banish from my breast my oountry^s love* 34tl 
I stay reluctant seven continued years. 
And water her ambrosial couch witii tears. 
The eighth she voluntary moves to pert. 
Or urg'd by Jove, or her own changeful hewta • 
A raft was. form'd to cross the surging see; SSt 
Herself supply 'd the stores and rich array» 
And gave the gales to waft me on tlie way. 
In seventeen days appear'd your pleesing coast, 
And woody mountains half in vapours lost* 
Joy toach*d my soul : my soul was joy*d in vain, Itf 
For angry Neptune rous'd the raging male; 



BOQK m. THE OOYSaET. II7 

XIm wUd winds vhbtle, and tb« Mllowt rotr; 

l^e splitting r«ft llie furioos tempest tore ; 

And storas vindictive intercept the shore. 

Soon ns their rage subsides, the sees I breve -SdO 

With naked force, and shoot along the WkVe, 

To reach this isle ; but there my hopes were lost. 

The surge impell'd me 00 a craggy coast. 

I chose the safer sea, and chancM to find 

A riv«r*s asonth impervious to the wind, 309 

And clear of rocks. I fainted by the flood ; 

Then took the shelter of the neighboniing wood. 

Tvas night, and cover'd in the foliage deep, 

Jove plnng*d my senses in the death of sleep. 

All night I slept, oblivious of my pain ; S70 

Aurora dawn*d and Phisbus shinM in vain, 

Kor, till oblique he s1op*d his evening ray. 

Had Somnus dry'd the balmy dews away. 

Then female voices from the shore I heard : 

A maid amidst them, goddess-like appeared ; SJ5 

To her I si»*d, she pity'd my distress ; 

Like thee in beauty, nor in virtue less. 

Who from such youth could hope considerate rare ? 

In jouth and beauty wisdom is but rare 1 

She gave me life, reliev'd with just supplies 380 

My wants, and lent these robes that strike your eyes. 

TUs is the tmth : and oh, ye powers on high ! 

Forbid that want should sink me to a lie. 

To this the king : Our daughter but exprest 
fler cares imperfect to our godlike guest. 385 

Suppliant to her, since first he chose to pray, 
Why not herself did she conduct the way, 
And with her handmaids to our court convey ? 

Hero and king I (Ulysses'thus reply'd) 
Vor blame her faultless, uor suspect of pride : 399^ 
She bade pae follow in th' attendant train ; 
Bttt fear and reverence did my steps detain. 
Lest rssh suepicioh might alarm thy mind : 
Man's of a jealous and mistuking kind. 

Fsr from my soul (he cry'd) the gods effiice S95 
All wrath Ul-grouoded, and suspicion bese ! 



1^8 XHiS ODYS^fjy. BOOK IfJC 

Whate*ei: is hpn^^, straoger, I approT9» 

AiS<l' would to t^Uq^u^y Pallaa, ai^ to Jovie* 

Such as tlxQU art, thy thpugbt aM<l mipe w«re ona^ 

Kor thou ujQwilluig to.be ca,Ue4 mjE son. 400 

In such alliaace. could'st thoi^ wish to Join* 

A palace stor'd with treasures should be thiac* 

^ut, if relucuut, who shall force thjF ftt«y ^ 

Jove bids to set the stranger on his way, 

Afid ships sliall wait tiiee witii the ing!rai»g cay. 4416 

Till theDi let slumber close thy carefol ey«»; 

The wakeful mariuers shall watch the ski?*, 

Aud seize tlie momeut when ^e brpcoes rise: 

Then geotly waft tiiee to Ui.e pleasing shoro, 

"Where thy soul rests, and labour is no more. 410 

Fit r as Euboea tiiough thy country lay, 

Our ships wi,th ease trapsport tliee in a day» 

Thitlier of o\d, earth's giant son* to view* 

On wings of winds with R^iadi^niimtb ilMy flew; 

This laud, from whepcc their morning conurse bc^tiA, 

Saw them returning witli the setting son. ^tS 

Your eyes shall witness and coufinn D)y tale. 

Our youth how dextrous and how fleet oar saii« 

When justly tim'd with equ^l sweep they rov« 

And ocean whitens in long trapts below. 4fl0 

Thus he. No word th' experionc'd man replies. 
But thas^to.Ueavep (and heavenward lifts his eyas)« 
Oh Jove ! oh fattier ! what the king accords 
Do thou.make .perfect! sacred be his wo^rdftl 
-IViide o*er the world Alcinotis' glory -shine ! . MS 
Let fame be his, and ah ! my country mino 1 

Meantime ^reU, for tlte hour of re»t» 
Ordains the fleecy couch, and covering vest; 
Bids her fafr train the purple quiltsi prepace^ 
And the thick carpets spread witli busy care. 480 
With torches blazing in their hands tliey past, 
And fiuish'd all tlieir queen's conunaod with haste; 
Then gave the signal to the wilUng giieftt; 
He rose with pleasure, and retir'd to rest. 
There, soft^xtended, to the munnuring soand 436 
Of the high porch, Ulysses sleeps profound! 
Within, releas'd from cares Alciooiis lies ; 
And fast beside were < los'd Aretes eyes. 

• Tityttf. 



THfi 



ODYSSEY. 



900Pk VUI. 



AIVGUME^T. 

Alcinons calls a council, in which it 19 re»olve4 t0 
transport U1ys:ie8 into his country* After whicJl* 
splendid entert»inments are made, where the ce- 
lebrated musician ai)d poet Demodocua plays and 
sings to the guests. They next proceed to the 
t^ames, the race, the wrestling, discus, Ac. where 
Ulysses casts a prodigious lengtli, to ther>admi« 
ration of all the specta^rs. They return again 
to the banqpet, and Deroodocus sii^gs th.e lovftt 
of Mars and Venus. Ulysses, after a coqapUiqent 
to the poet, desir^^. hi^a to sing the introductiqin 
of the wooden- hor^e.into Troy; which suhjeot 
proToking his tear?, A^cinous inqiiiiea of hia ga««t 
his name, parentage> ^d fortofiesf 



t 1*0 1 



' BOOK VIII. 

"^OW fair Aurora Kfts her golden ray« 
"^^ And all the ruddy orient flames with day : 
Alcinoiis, and the chief, with dawning, light. 
Rote instant from the slumbers of th9 night ; 
Dien to the couneil-seat they bend their way, S 

And fill the shining thrones along the bay. 

Meanwhile Minerva, in her goardiiin care, 
Shoots from the surry vault through' fields of air ; 
In form, a herald of the king she flies 
From peer to peer, and thus incessant cries. lO 

Nobles and chiefs who rule Phasacia's states. 
The king in council your attendance waits ; 
A prince of grace divine your aid implores. 
O'er unknown seas arriv'd from unknown shores. 

She spoke, and sudden with tumultuous sounds 
Of thronging multitudes the shore rebounds : 16 
At once the seats they fill ; and every eye 
Oas'd, as before some brother of the sky. 
Pallas with grace divine his form improves. 
More high he treads, and more enlarg*d he moves : 
She sheds celestial bloom, regard to draw ; si 

And gives a dignity of mien, to awe ; 
With strength, the future prize of fame to play. 
And gather all the honours of the day. 

llien from his glittering throne Alclnoiis rose : 85 
Attend, he cry*d, while we our will disclose. 
Your present aid this godlike stranger craves. 
Tost by rude tempest through a war of waves ; 
Perhaps from realms that view the rising day, 
*Or nations subject to the western ray. 30 

Then grant, what hers all sons of woe obtain 
(For here affliction never pleads in vain) : 
Be chosen youths prepared, expert to try. 
The vast profound, and bid the vessel fly ; 
lAunch the tall bark, and order every oar ; 35 

Then in our court indulge the genial hour. 



BOOK Tnr. TBB ODTCBBT* ttk 

Instant, yon a«ilon» to tliis task attsnd ; "^ 

Sviftto thep«!«ce, all7«pee(8,aseeii4; t 

Jjet none to strangers hononn dne disclaim; 
B^ there Demodocos. the bard of fismr, 40 

Taught by the gods to please, when high he sings 
The vocal lay, responsive to ihe strings. 

Tbns spoke the prince; th' attending peers obey; 
In state they move ; Alcinotis leads the way. 
Swift to Demodocns the herald f&es, 45. 

At once the sailors to their charge arise : 
They launch the vessel, and unfurl the sails. 
And stretch the swelling; canvas to the gales ; * 

Then to the palace mo^ : a gatheiing throng, 
Touth, and white age, tumultuous pour along. 50 
Now all accesses to the dome are fill'd ; 
£ight boars, the choicest of the herd, are kill'd ; 
Two beeves, twelve fatliogs, from the flock they bring 
To crown the feast ; so wills the bounteous king. 
Hie herald now f>rrires, and guides along 55 

The sacred master of celestial song ; 
Dear to the Muse ! who gave bis days to flow 
'With mighty blessings, mix'd with mighty woe; 
With clouds of darkness quench'd his visual ray. 
But gave htm skifl to raise the lofty lajr. 60 

High on a radiant throne sublime in* state. 
Encircled by huge multitudes he sate ; 
Witii silver shou4> the throne: his lyre well strung 
To rapturous sounds, at hand Ponlonus hung: 
Before ias seat a polish'd table shines. 65 

And a full goblet foams with generous wines ; 
His food a herald bore : and now they fed ; 
And now the rage of craving hunger fled. 

Theb, flifd by all the Muse, iiloud he sings 
The mighty deeds of demigods and kings : ,7^ 

From that fierce wrath the noble song fgrose. 
That made Ulysses and Achilles foes ; 
How o'er the feast they doom tite fail of Troy ; 
The stern debate Atrides hears with joy : ' 
For heaven. foMtold the contests when he trod 75 
The marble threshold of the Delphic god» > 

F 



Curious to lfM» tlw mammttH of the tkf, 
B'er yet he loM^d 4lie lege of wmt ea Vioj. 

ToaehVi at tke Miiff, OlyMes stratglit feslgoM 
^ soft AllUctloo ell kiB Meol y mla4 1 89 

Belbve hit eyee Cbe porple vest he 4row, 
iBflastiioas to eoneeel the fklliof dev. 
'^^% mbem Ihe moeie peosM, he ceM*d to shed 
The flovlaf feeer, eo4 rais!4 his dnoplng head ; 
JUd, liftiag to the gods a goblet orow«*d, . 8S 

He pour'd a pam lUwkioo to the gnood. 

Transpealad with the aoog, tho listeaing tralp 
Agaia vifth laud applaase denaad tiko strain ; 
Again Ulyssea voil'd his peasive head, 
jifain uniaann'd, a shaver of sorrov shed ; §^ 

Concealed he wept! the kiag ohse*v'd atone 
The itteot tear, and haeid the seeiot groan ; 
Then to the bard atond— a caaee to s&ng, 
DuBKb be thy voioo, and mwteth* hamoaioos string ; 
Ihioagh the feast has pleee'd, enoagh the power ^ 
Of hesTenly song has crown'd the genial boor I 
Incessaat in the games year strength display, 
Ciontest, ye brave, tlie hoaoars of the day ; 
That plesa*d th* admiring stranger nay proclahn 
Jn distant regions the Phssacian fsipe: 169 

None wield the gauntlet with so dire a sway, 
Or swifter io the race devour tlM way } 
Nooo in the leap spring with so strong a bomd. 
Or finaer, in ibe^wresUing, press the grcond. 

Thus spoke the king | th* attending peers obey ; 
In state they OMva, Aiciooas leads the way ; 160 
His golden lyre I>emodocvft unstroag, 
High on a colama in the palace hong ; 
And, guided by a herald's guardian cares, 
litl^tic to the listo of Fane repairs. IftO 

Kow swams the popnlaee : a coantiesB titfong. 
Tenth and hoar age ; and nun drives oun aloog . 
The gasses begin : aaddtiovs of the prise, 
Acroneus, Thoon, and Bretnens rise ; 
The prlaa Ocyalos and Pryaneus elshn, 115 

Auchlnlus aod ^ontetts, chiefs of fane. 



There ^99m9»» Wftiitefc gwitei»»> Pf mvi» 
And to'd Ittiyhiljtti, BoijqpM'lijiir; 
KnryaliUfMai Mais ««^4c, G9«i, 
W]|encla<ii}|irTii4;hM»irith«» J)a«|»0f|b|i; ^ 
Kaubol|4c» witb gnoB HnpqiwUVi aboiw* 
Or equaH'4 Iqr l in ^l rt iWl ll al^^*. 
mth Ui^M CMW <Nrt)i AvkmiiittM <h<i »$cmKg ; 
And three ^wn MSt» from gvtyi Alonod* «ftfOBfr 
. .taif?dMkfiM4»lh««P»dy riK«i»#AM4, Ml 

Start Imp tiM f«il, «pd mMh «>'«' the ttr^i^t 
Swift aft nu vivgft ftf ▼iMM> upb^ne ^7 fljr> 
And drift» of risMf diuit i»Tolvfi M^ sltj. 
Before tiw real* vtet •imm:* the Iiia4» fllofr 199 
lHv«^B Ahft «Mi« asd ojt, fron. |iloiigb to plo«^i$ 
Cljtonooft tpraici bo-vi«<*<^ ^^^ vsDMi f»fty, 
And bore th* ••nviUA'd bMoaiv of tUe dfif . 
With twoft MihflMO fh« hn^wpj wuMtJlMf jQfa» ; 
The CQnqueat, jMtt &M]nl)tf> is tj^ii^* 
Apphiqliftf Aiwivig Sur^mii nath « t^oiic)* 195 

Soperior in ^m J«if^ a length .of ground* 
From Elatre«ft^ itnMg ai8i the di4c»» ^ifff^ 
And sings -with uottat^i^l«Cflo 9^999 the sliies» 
And yeorttm vfairisiiigh» with ^smA(fii»n99,, 
as gloves of de»cb» Yietoooiis in the Ar^j. * lit 

Wbi^ Ans 4be i n eer a ge in the gnmef contAndt* 
In act to jpeekf JLaodewtf ascends. 

O friends, he cries, «he stranger seepis weM skilled 
To try th' illneUieus Ufaoofs of the field : 
I deem hka braTe : then grant thirhrave meg'tS eleim, 
If«Ce Ihe here «e his eWrs of fegpe* 149 

What nenroiis Mrma he heests 1 how. Arm his treed I 
His limbs how tnm'dlhev bsoad his shonldMs apreedl 
By age anheohe !-<-httC aU-consajeiog care 
Octroys perhepe the skMngth that tipie vonld-spaee: 
Dire is the ocean, dread th aU its feims ! Iftl 

Ifaa mnst deeay, »hen.nien contends with iterais. 

Well hast thiM ^pohe (fincyalus replies) : 
Tliine is the guest, invite hun tiiou to riae. 
'Sgdft at the word edftraactog from the cnwd IM 
He made obeisa^Ge. and Ihga spoke akM|d : 



l24 THBODTfiSlEY; B<>OK Vif F^ 

Vouchsafes the reverend stranger to display 
His manly worthy and share the florioos day? 
Father, arise ! for thee thy port proclaiau 
Expert to conquer in the solemn games. i6|| 

To fame arise t for what more fame e«D yield 
Thaa the swift race, or conllict of the field i 
Steal from corroding care one transient day. 
To glory give the space thoa hast to stay ; 
^ort is the time, an<i lo ! even now the gales 165 
Call thee aboard, and stretch the swelling sails.^ 

To whom with sighs Ulysses gave reply : 
Ah why th' ill-suiting pastime mast I try? 
To gloomy care my thoughts alone are free ; 
III the gay sports with troabled hearts agree : 170 
Sad iirom my natal hour my days have ran, 
A much-afflicted, much-enduring man ! 
Who suppliant to the king and peers, implores 
A speedy voyage to his native shores.* 

Wide wanders, Laodam, thy erring tongue, I7tf 
The sports of glory to the* brave belong 
(Retorts Euryalus) : he boasts no claim 
Amoog the great, unlike the sons of Fame, 
A wandering merchant be frequents the main ; . 
Some mean sea-farer in pursuit of gain ; 180 

Studious of freight, in naval trade well skiti'd. 
But dreads th* athletic labours of the field. 
■ Incens'd ITlysses with a frown replies^- 
O forward to proclaim thy soul unwise ! 
With palpal bands the gods tlieir gifts dispense ; MS 
Some greatly think, some speak with mMily sense ; 
Here Heaven an elegance of form denies, 
Bot wisdom the defect of form supplies : 
This man with energy of thought cootronls. 
And steals with modest violence our souls ; 190 

He spea<(S reserv'dly, but be speaks with force, 
Kor can one word be chang'd but for a worse ; 
In public more tlian mortal he appears. 
And, as he moves, the gaatng crowd reveres. 
While others, beauteous as th' etheriai kind, 19$ 
The nobler portion want, a knowing nind. 



BOOK ym. IBS ODTVSSZ. US 

In outward show heaven gives thee ta «sod. 
But beaven denies the praise- of thinking well. 
Hi bear the brave a rade uagovern'd tongoe, 
Aady youth, mj generoos soul resents the wrong : 
Skili'd in heroic teercise, I claim 201 

A post of honoor with the sons of Fame. 
8nch was my boast while vigour crowu'd ay days. 
How care sorroonds me, and my force deoafs; 
Inar*d a melancholy part to bear, SOf 

In scenes of death, by tempest and by war. 
Tet, thus by woes impaii'd, no more I wave 
To prove the hero— slander stings the brave. 

Then atriding forward with a farioas bound. 
He wrench'd a rocky fragment from the ground, SIO 
By far more ponderous, an<Wnore huge by Ihr, 
Than what Fbaeacia's sons diicharg'd in air. 
Tierce from bis arm th* enormous load he flings. 
Sonorous through the shaded air it sings ; 
Cauch'd to th' earth, tempestuous as it flies, 815 
The crowd gase upward while it cleaves the skies. 
Beyond all marks, with hiany a giddy round 
Bown.rushiDg, it up-turns a hill of ground. 

That instant Pallas, bursting from a cloud, 
fix'd a distinguish'd mark» and cry'd aloud : ' 8^ 

£v*n be who sightless wants his visual ray 
May by bis touch alone award the day : 
Thy signal throw transcends the utmost bound « 
Of every champion by a leogtli of ground : 
Secorely bid the strongest of the train 9U 

Arise to throw; the strongest tlirows in vain. 
She spoke ; and momentary mounts the sky : 
The friendly voice Uiys<es hears with joy ; 
Ihea thus aloud, (elate with decent pride). 
Rise, ye Phseacians, try your force, he cry'd ; 230 
If with this throw the strongest caster vie, 
Still, further still, I bid the discus fly. 
Stand forth, ye champions, who the gauntlet wield» 
Or ye, the swiftest racers of the field t 
Stand forth, ye wrestlers, who these pastimes grace I 
I wield the geuatlety and I run the race I 996 ' 



It6 ZM^miTSiBT; BOOK TUX. 

la soch beraie tamto i yield to abM^ 

Or yielA to brft^e LaDdMoas aldaa t 

Shall T. with hri^ laodaaiai contend i 

A friend is^ered^ and I stjle Uki friaadi iBtfli 

V&generous were Ae biaiD, and bate, of htert. 

Who takes the kind* and p«f » th* ungratdfal part > 

Chiefly tiie teao^ in foreifa rbalnis cadfin'd^ 

Base to hu friend} fen hiaown interest- blind.: 

Alt> all your, heroes I this day d^fy ) 849 

Give me a man that we our m^^t ma|f try« 

Expert Id every nrt, I boast the skiil «. 

To give the ftatfaer'd arroit wiagt to kill-; 

Should a whole host at onee discharge tSie bow^ 

Bf^ "^ell-atni'cl jshaflt witii death prevents the foe § 

Alone, sdperier in the field of Troy» SMNl 

Great Phtioctetfe^ taoglit the shift tofty. 

From all the sbns ai oarth> onrivail'd praise 

I justly claim ; but yield to bettor diqrst 

Td those fism'd days when nieat Alcides roie, i3S 

And Eoryfeust who bade the gods be foes 

(Vain Earytas) whose art bbcane his crim^« 

Swept ft-ptai tfae^krth^ he perifh'd in his priiaej 

Sudden th* irremeable way he trod. 

Who boldly durst defy the bowyer god). 9Bq 

In fighthig fields as iar tiie spear I throw 

As flies an arro^ from the weil-drawn boW» 

Sole in the race the colib^st T decline^ 

Stiff are my weary joints, and I resign j 

Bjr storms aod hohger worn: age well ibay fbB» 969 

When sfedrms and hunger both at obce asaaii. 

AbflshM, the numbers hev the godlike man^ 
Till great Aieinotis mildly tttui began. 

Well hait thou spok b, and well thy ganbro«t boagdt 
Witii diBcent pride refutes a public wropg : C99 

Warm are tby words, but w4rm Witfaont efitncoi 
Fear only fools, secure in m^n of senae ; 
Thy wortH is known. Then hear ovrcoantsy** daioii 
And bear to heroes onr heroic fame : 
tft distant rbblaui oar glotioos deeda diaplaf ^ tftf 
iU|)eat theifc ftenoeAt in th* tenial day | 



BWm YWt TUB OOTMBT. m 

When blest with «Mb thy wm m4 iPiMlNiiii«ltf» 
Teacb th«M tky cotaitl« Md thy mm MmMI 
Hov loT*!! 9iJ&f9t he «f*waM e^r eirM #tlh fftlM^ 
thmr we tfatir effi^H ^>1^7 M^ ^iiM* SM 

Let othef wmAmt the dMihfel gMstlet «1«M^ 
Or boast the ftleHM ef th' eiUMIe «eM ; 
We ia tlie c««iM ■AriTell*^ epM^ tepihf » 
Or throuBh canrelMa biHewi fMigh (he t»t^ ) 
1^ dreM» fee risece^ to sinf * eur eble dellghti WH 
The feast or belb b]^4aj, aai love bj sight i 
Bise thea^ ye skiU'A la meamitfes ; let hka bMf 
Tear fane to taea ffaat hi«ath« a dlstaat alrt 
Aad Mihfbl say, 16 )roii the peven Mttag 
Torao«, toMil, to4aBce»teehihtChoeottt» 909 

Bat« hevaldi to tiM palace Hrlft iep«r» 
Aad the soft lyfb te grace oiar pesthaea heer. 

fhtift at the word* ebeditet to the klag^ 
The herald IliM the tilasfill Iff l# Mag. 
Vp rose Biae seaiors» chdsea to sorvcy 90 

The f utai^ 8«a>es, the judges of the dajr. 
With iMtant eark they amrk a slMcfent tmni. 
And level for the deaoe th' allMted grouad { 
The herald bears tlM lyre : intmtt to ple^, 
The bard advaacaag laedttBtas the lay. Md 

Skiird lit the dance, tail yovtiis, a biseainv bead. 
Graceful before tht' heavenly aimtori stsnd : 
Ligkt-boabdiag fooss thd earth, at once th«y rtia, 
Tlieir feet half-tlewles* quiv« in the skies : 
tf lysses gat'd, astdoisk'd te sorrey hO# 

The ^andag spleikdors as Uieir sandiUs ptayi ^ 
Meantime the bard» aitematA to the strings. 
The loTca of Hers and Cytherea sln^s ; 
Bow the attm god, enamoai'd with her diaraw, 
Olasp'd the gay panting goddess in hb mns, 91^ 
By bribes sedacM; and how the sun, ^heaa toye 
Views the breid faeaveas, ^foclos'd tfao lawisas joy. 
Stung to the sonl, iadignaat tihrodgh tfie skiM 
To his black fofge vindictive Vateaa ttca; 
Aniv'd) his sinewy arms Incfessant pIsM IIH 

Ih* Maroal aavtl Ktn the massy hM«. 



n$ mFODTBseTi* book vat: 

A woodfom net he labovrs, to betray 
The vavton. lovers, fts eotwiaM they lay.. 
JadUtoIably strong ! Then instant bears 
To his immortal dome ^e finish'd snares. ' 3S0 
Above* betow, around, with art disspread. 
The sure inclosnre folds the genial bed ; 
Whose texture ev*n the search of gods •deceives. 
Thin as the filmy threads the spider weaves. 
Then, as withdrawing from the starry bowers, 3S5 
He feigns a joamey to the Lemnian shores. 
His £ftvourite isle: observant Mars descries 
His wish'd recess, and to the goddess flies; 
He glows, he burns, the ftiir-hair'd queen of love 
Descends smooth gliding from the courts of Jove, 
Gay blooming in full charms : her hand he prestSSl 
"With eager joy, and with a sigh addrest. 

Come, ngr beloVd ; and taste the soft delights ; 
Come, to repose tiie genial bed invites : 
Thy absent spouse, neglectful of tliy charms, 335 
Prefers his barbarous Sintians to thy arms ! 

Then, netfaittg loth, th* enamour'd fair he led. 
And sonic tran^^rted on the conscious bed. 
Down rush'd the toils, inwrapping as they iay,^ 
The careless lovers in their wanton play : 340 

In vhis th^y strive ; th* enUngKng snares deny 
(Inextricably firm) the power to fiy. 
'Warn'd by tl)e god who sheds the golden day. 
Stem Vulcan homeward treads the starry way : 
Arrlv'd, he sees, he grieves, witii rage he burns : 345 
Full horribly he roars, his voice ail heaven returns. 

O Jove, hecryM, oh all ye powers above. 
See the lewd dalliance of the queen of love ! 
Me, awkwArd me, she scorns ; and yields her charms 
To that fair lecher, the strong god of arms. 330 
If I am lame, tiiat stain my natal hour 
Sy Fate impos'd ; such me my parent bore. 
'^Hiy was I bom ? See how the wanton lie& ! 
O sight tormenting to an husband's eyes ! 
Bp^^yet I trust, this once eVa Mars would fly 959 
Bis falr^>iie*B arma-^« thinks her, once^ too nigfa. . 



But therv rtrnfin, ye gail^, io nj power* 
nil Jove refunds his ahajaeleas d^ughter'A dower* 
Too dear f priz'd a fair i^cbaatjing face : 
'^i^oty iiDcb^te iji b^uty iq disgrace. ^ 

llj^i^wbii(B tbe ^ds the dom^ of ValoyT throng ; 
Apollo come^, and 2^«ptfi9e cofqfji along ^ 
With these f^y Iljerme? trp^ the starry pia^; 
Bat modea^y vrltblield the goddess traior 
Ail heavep beholds iipprispn'd a9 they U^, ^fi$. 

4nd uAexiioguish'd laughter sha)ies the tky. 
'i^en putual, thu^ they spojie : ^bold on ftong 
Sirift venge^;icp wait? : 9ad art subdues the stropg ! 
Dwells there a god on all th' plympian b^ow 
llore swif^ than Hars^ aad q^ore than Yulcaa flow i 
Yet Valpiin coqqiier^y and th^ |;od oif arn^ 971 

Host pay th^ penalty for If^^lcss chan|is. 

Tkj^p sgcious they : hut he yho gilds the skies. 
The gay Apollo, thus to Ilermes cries. 974 

Weuld*st thou enchain'd like Mars, oh Ilermes lie. 
And bear the shame like Mars, tp share the joy i 

O ^yy'd shame ! (the smiling jfouttf f fU^n'd) ; 
Add thrice the chajtoji, and thrice mote firmly bind ; - 
Gaase all ye gods, afxd ev^ry goddess ga«e, 
Tejt .eager would 1 bless the sweet disgmce. 98O 

Jjoud lapg)i the rest, ev'n Keptune laughs alond, 
Tet sues importoiMtte ^o loose thp god : 
And free, he Pries, oh Vulcan ! free from sbfune 
Thy captijrf s ; I ensure the penal clainu 

.IjriU Neptune (Vulcan thpo) the faithless trust? 
He suffers who gives surety for th* unjust; 99$ 

Bat say, if that lewd scandal of the sky, 
To liberty restor'd, pjerfidioas fly ; 
Say, wilt thou b^a^r the mulct.' He instant cries, 
I^ mulct I bear, if Mars' perfidious flies. 5g9 

To whom appeas'd : No more I urge delay ; 
When Neptune sues, my part is to pbey. 
Tben to the snares his force the god applies ; 
They burst ; and Mars to Thrace in4ignant flies ; 
To the soft Cyprian shores the g9ddess moyes, $^ 
To visit PaylfOS end^r blooming groves. 



U§ T«B ODYSSEY. BOOK Vttl. 

Where to the Power aa hundred attars rise, 
And breathins; odoars scent the balmy skies ; 
Conceal'd she bathes in consecrated bowers. 
The Graces unguent shed, ambrosial showers, 40d 
Unguents that charm the gods ! she last assumes 
Her wondrous robes : and full the goddess blooms. 

Thus sung the bard ; Ulysses hears with joy. 
And loud applauses' rend' the vaulted sky. 

Tlien to the sports his sons the king commands. 
Each blooming youth t>efbre the monarch stands, 406 
In dance unmatch'd ! A wondrous ball is brought 
(The work of Polypus, divinely wrought) ; 
This youth with strength enonnOus bids it fly, 
And bending backward whirls it to the sky ; 410 
His brother, springing with an active bound. 
At distance intercepts it from the ground. 
The ball dlsmissM, in dance they skim the strand. 
Turn and return, and scarce imprint the sand. 
Th* assembly gazes with astoaished eyes, 415 

And sends in shoufs applauses lo the skies. 

Then .thus Ulysses : Happy king, whose name 
The brightest shines in all the rolls of fame ! 
In subjects happy ! witli surprise-I gaze; 419 

Thy praise was jusi; their skill transcends thy praise. 

Pleas*d witli his people's fame, the monarch hearsi^ 
And thus benevtflent accosts the peers. 
Since wisdom's sacred guidance he pursues. 
Give to the stranger-guest a stranger's dues : 
Twelve princes in our realm dominion share, 4S5 
O'er whom supreme, imperialpower I bear: 
firing gold, a pledge of love : a talent bring, 
A vest, a robe, and imitate your king : 
Be swift to give ; that he this night may share 
The social feast of joy, with joy sincere. 490 

And thou, Luryalus, redeem thy wrong ; 
A generous heart repair < a slanderous tongue. 

Th* assenting peers, obedient to the king. 
In haste their lieralds send the gifts to bring. 
'Aen thus Euryalus : O prince, whose sway 495 
Aolea this Umt re^lm, repeatftnti obey 1 



Be his tbU ««ord, whose blade of braw dispUys 
A raddy gleev ; whose hilt a tilver blaae ; 
Whose ivory sheath, io wrought with curioua pride. 
Adds graceful terror to the wearer's side. 4M 

He said, and to his hand the swurd coasign*d ; 
Aad if, he cry'd, my words affect thy miad, 
Far from thy miad those words, ye whirlwinds, bear. 
And scatter them, ye storms, in empty air : 44ft 
Crown, oh ye heavens, with joy his peaceful hours. 
And grant him to his spouse, and native shores ! 

And bl^tbe thou, my fnend, Ulysses cries.: 
Crown him with every joy, ye favouring skies ! 
To thy calm hoars continued peace afford. 
And never, never may*st thou want this sword ! 450 

He said, and o'er his shoulder flung the blade. 
Now o'er the earth ascends the evening shade: 
The precious gifts th' illustrious heralds bear. 
And to the court th' embodied peers repair. 
Before the queen Alcinous* sons unfold 455 

The vests, the lobes, and heaps of shining gold ; 
Then to Uie radiant thrones they move in state : 
Aloft, the king in pomp imperial sate. 

Thence to the queen. O partner of our reign, 
O sole belov'd ! command thy menial train 4/6o 

A poUsh*d chest and stately robes to bear. 
And healing waters for the bath prepare ; , 
That, bath'd, our guest may bid his sorrows cease, 
iiear the sweet song, and taste tb6 feast in peace. 
A bowl tltat flames with gold, of wondrous frame, 
Ourself we gi^e, memorial of our name ; 4U$ 

To. raise in offerings to almighty Jove, 
And every.god that treads the courts above. 
Instant the queen, observant of the king/ 
Commands her train a spacious vase to bring, 470 
The spacious vase wUh ample streams suffice, 
Hftp high the wood, and bid the flames arise. 
The flames elinnb round it with a fierce embrace. 
The fuming waters bubble o'er the blaae. 
Qerself the cheat prepares : in order roU'd 475 

The robes, tiie vests are raag'd, and heaps of gold s , 



tn 'ttt^ MffiflBT. WOK TI1&. 

And addlof « rieh 4lf4i§{tftftfl^tit Mtlk irtl^ 
A gift expressive of her bevnMoiui hMTQ 
Thui gpdfte td Itlieeus : Tor gMrd with tewli 
IiiteLvable these gifts, tby <rarto deniitiid«; lA 

Lest, itt thy slatlibers oa tlie witery ihihi» 
The hand <^ rapine moke our boitittt^ VKln. 

Vieh bending « ith full fbtte, trbiiiid he roli'd 
A Imbjritttfa of brads lo fold bli fold< 
Closed wittrClrc^sn «rt. A train tttende 4g| 

Aroafld the beth t th(i b«th tife Mng eaeendi 
^Untested joy, siaee that diaastroos Mottft 
Ye sail'd Ul-fsteH Crom C«l3rp«o'e bo««r) ; 
Where^ happy as the gbdi that rang* the sky. 
He feasted every Sense, with every joy. 490 

He bathes; the damsels, with oiBcieas toil. 
Shed sweets, shed ongtieilts, in a Aiow%r of ott ; 
Then o*er his ItiAbs d gorg^us robe he spreadft. 
And to the foa^t nalAtfieently treads. 
Fall where the domi its Mning valves erpnfadS) 49t 
Nausicaa bioontVng ki a goddess <t*nds, 
With #6nderlt% eyes the hero she sarvey*d, 
^And gracefal thtis began the royal maid. 

Halt, godlike stranger ! and wbtn liehv^a f«Mo(es 
To thy fond Wish thy long-expected shores j Sfd^ 
This ever gratefdl in r^mondbtance bbAr^ 
To me thou ow*Bt^ to liie, the Vital air. 

O royal mild, (Tlyirite straight retttmsi 
Whose worth the 9))leiittori of tb^ race «lomk, 0o4 
So may df%hd Jove (whbse arsi in vengelinrh tonki 
ilie writhea Vdlt, aiid bliufkeos hWven with stoi«M$( 
Restore me safi», thrdagh i^eary Wanderings festt^ 
To myjdMrcddntr^'shvfcr<^l«aiing cdftst. 
As, wbiie the spirit in this bosom glows, . 
1*0 the4, my nodVlfess; I addVMk My Vawb ; 914 

My lite ! thy gift I boast • He «dd, Ind litft 
Fast by Alcinoiis on a thronb of Hrite. 

Kdw each paltakes'the fttast; CKb wilie fn cf Af t^ 
Portions the fdAd, atid %teh hii pdrtftUl sfairas* 
The baid linfl hbrfeld galdcft; tHis iailllit tfmlnf tli 
Pfcy Idw iit i H i u i^ to hd k»m MHi 



BO0K vm. tm cnrtiBftir. ^ 

Beneath « icalptalM if«li ti% iMi ^Kfm96tf&^ 
Hie pcen enelreiiat MMi an wftfm niMS; 
llieDy linoi the ehia^, VijOn feal^rci lAtH «H 
iMicBoas fbed^ aa ftetto#»i^ fMt; alt 

This, let tb» taiaUft of the lyre t«eeiv«» 
A pIMge df love ! *«# ill k irreteh cila gi««. 
live* th^re a nan MMeMK fM ipAdote iMes, 
Vbo s«cr«d honbifrd td the 6aM 4eiii«t ^ 
Ibe Muse th^ bard in4|f>ire*, itAu M« knlliA ; MS^ 
The Mttse iadalf eat Idtee tH' hartt«Aloikl li^^. 

The herald te hit tetad tli« fehtfrfd <rd6v«^; 
Hot fMid of flettety, hdr linbltee'd WiH piMise. 

When ttMr thfc n%« df fanbgfefr.^rf^ aikf^;. 
Ihm to tha Lyriat, «tte Blyise^ liid; 590 

taiore fliaa aim ! tby ^bhl Oie Mote laifn^tfs. 
Or Fhoebm iMmatJei irlth all hit flrbs ; 
Fbr %h4»| by Fhoebut anUrfotnl'dj coald know 
The ^66 of Greece; and ait^ ib #eU tM Wee? 
Jaftt to the late, u pteieat at th^ fray; 53^ 

Oi- tMaght the IftboAre 4l»f the ^rhkiM ^if f 
The Bd^ teeall* pm tteifors tb tHf ^y^>, 
And bids proud IHoa frdfii Ur isliba rtl«. 
Once taiore hanooaidlii uttiH tk^ lodbdft4 MriAf-, 
nr Ep«an Abrle, fhtih'd by PffilAs. Hag : 5# 

How stem UiytsA, farioul id ditotroy; 
With Itlftnt heirdes Htk*A iftf^al Tniy. 
If faitilfttl thoa reeord the tt\6 of fkdie, 
The god Hllhself Idspli^ iftf Uredbt with fHrme; 
Add mine shaU be tM^ tall blihcefoMI i6 iiM 54$ 
la Sirely tahd thy hiottaaiexft tff pkinse. 

FeU of the god, fi^ riis*d Mi I6ftf strtHi, 
HdW the GfreiAcs ra^m tdttdttooUs to th« taidlb ; 
How Vhlsfaig tents Hltfihio'd hilf iVi fthibs, 
ITftile froiA the 8horM «h6 Wittged tiltvy AM ; ' 9i^ 
How, er'fa Ih llh>a's walls, hi d^sthfal Had^ii 
Ci^Be the &€ern Greeki }^ tnf* aSHhting hkhdft t 
All Troy hp-h«tiir*d Bid steed ; of dllTertng hiifnl) 
Vsrioes the Trdjtfhk fe6htts«ird ; jftUt cbttSlgh'A 
thb mMlSter to thk strdrd^ part Sehtdncb gaie 1155 
To pluge It hebdlonllik the #fa«li(dttg %i»%; 



4M XHB OBTdSBT. BOOK VUY. 

Th* unwise AWMd to lodge it ia tiie toven, - 
An o£feriog Mcred to tb* immortal powers : 
Th' uawUe prevail, thej lodge it in the walls, 
jAnd by the god's decree proud lUoa falls : S60 

Pestruction enters in the treacherous wood. 
And vengeful slaughter, ficxce for human blood. 

He sung the Greeks storo-issuiog from the steed* 
How liion bums, bow all her father's bleed ; 
, How to thy dome* Deaphobus I ascends d65 

The Spartan king; how Ithacus attends 
(Horrid as Mars), and bow with dire alarms 
He fights, subdues ', for PallHS strings his anns. 

Thus while he sung, Uljsses griefs renew. 
Tears bathe his cheeks^ and tears the ground bedew: 
As some fond matron views in mortal fight 071 

Her husband falling in his country's right: 
Frantic through clashing swords she runs, she flies. 
As ghastly pale he groans, and faints, and dies ; 
Close to his breast she grovels on the ground, 575 
And bathes with floods of tears the gaping wound ; 
She cries, she shrieks; tlie fierce insulting foe 
Belentless mocks her violence of woe : 
To chains condemn'd, as wildly she deploi 
A widow, and a slave on foreign shores. 

.80 from the sluices of Ulysses* eyes 
Fast fell the tears, and sighs succeeded sighs : 
Concealed he grieved : the king observ'd alone • ^ 
The silent tear, and heard the secret groan ; 
Tiieo to the bard aloud : O cease to sing, 585 

Dumb be thy voice, and mute the tuneful string; .• 
To every note his tears responsive flow. 
And his great heart heaves with tumultuous woe ; 
Thy lay too deeply moves: then cease the lay. 
And o'er the banquet every heart be gay : 590 

Tills social right demands : for him the sails. 
Floating in air, invite th' impelling gales : 
His are the gifts of love : the wise and good 
Beceive the stranger as a brother's blood. 
• But, friend, discover faithful what I crave, Sg$ 
Artful concealment ill becomes the brave ; 



^BOOK YtU. TtIB Oi>TSSEir. 19S 

Say what thy birth, and what tha naaM jou bore, 

ImpoB*d by parents in the natal hoar i 

(For firora the natal hour distinctiTe namei, 

One common right, the great and lowly claims) ; 600 

Say from what city, frotewhat regions tost. 

And what inhabitants those regions boa.«t? 

So Shalt thoa instant reach the realm assign'd. 

In wond'rons ehips, self-mo^'d, instinct with mind ; 

Ko helm secares thei^ conrse» no pilot guides ; 005 

Uke msto intelligent, they plough the tides, 

Conseions of erery coast, and every bay. 

That lies beneath, the san*s all-seeing ray ; 

Though clouds and darkness veil th* encnmberM sky, 

Fsarless Uixo' darkness and thro' clouds th^y fly ; 

Though tempests rage,th6ugh rolls the swelling mkin, 

The seas may roll, the tempests rage in vain ; 

£v*n the stern god that o*er the waves presides. 

Safe aft they pass,^and safe repass the tides. 

With fury burns ; while careless they convey 6lS 

Promiscuous every guest to every bay, 

^ese ears have hea^d my royal tire disclose 

A dreadful story big with future woes, 

How Neptune rag'd, and how, by his command. 

Firm rooted in the surge a ship should stand 620 

A monnmAit of wratli ; how mouud on mound 

Should bury these proud towers beneath the ground. 

But this tiie gods may frustrate or fulfil. 

As suits the pui^se of th' eternal will. 684 

But say thro' what waste regions hast tbou>stray'd, 

What customs noted, and what coasts surveyed f 

Pessest by wild barlMurians fierce in arms, 

Or men, whose bosom tender pity warms ? 

Say why the fate of Troy awak'd thy cares, 689 

Why heav'd thy bosom, and why flowM thy tears? 

Jest are the ways of Heaven : ft-om Heaven proceed 

The woes of man; Heaven doom*d theOreeks to bleed, 

A tiieme of future song ! Say then if sfain 

Some dear.lov'd brother press'd the Phrygian plain i 

Or bled some friend, who bore a brother's part, 635 

And claim*d by nerft, not by blood, the heart i 



OPYSSEY. 



?.0P? I»r 



% r* ». * ^w% «» * s^^$^ I • #1 1 



- :•• 



7A£ Advaiaurts qf the Cicpn^ Lotopha^, ttri^ 

Cyclops. 

Ulyss^ begins tbcs relj^t^on pf hU 44v<Wtajr^ ; )ipjf» 
^ter th^ d^y^rvcUoo of Trojt ^P vik^ J|^ c^p^- 
pai^ofts n)f^9 ^A iofiunion op (ib^ Cii^flui, l(j 
ir^m U)ejr fKBi^ r^pt^lsed; and xue«^m w^ it 
storm wece rif^v^ tq tb^ co^ <^ tbe hotf^^^i^ 
from theqcfl |h^jr I9|l^d tp thp l«j»fi of tij^^r 

l^rly pbjtrt^tvmi* 7^ «if^t Polj^iibfuntts i^^^ 
his care 4P9finbfi^; the wiw»- UigsMe^ 9>n4 Vi# 
compftoioas irwe^ f?4& tb^e^ a^d )»«^iyr j(b« a|^ 
lihod ai)4 »rt«(|oe bj Yi)i^ |^ i^ycapvd. 



TJT 



( m 3: 



BOOK IX. 



THEN Uins Ulysses. Thou whom first in swaj> 
As first in virtue, these thy realms obey ; 
How sweet the products of a peaceful reign ! 
The heaven-taught poet, and eochantii^ strain; 
The well-fiird palace, the perpetual feast, 5 

A land rejoicing, and a people blest ! 
How goodly seems it ever to employ 
Man*s social days in union and in joy ; 
Hie plenteous board high-heap'd witli cates divine. 
And o*er the foaming bowl the laughing wine 1 10 
■ Amid these joys, why seeks thy mind to know - 
Tb' unhappy series of a wanderer's woe ? 
Bemembrance sad, whose image to review, 
Alas ! must open all my wounds anew ! 
And oh, what first, what last shall I relate, 1$ 

Of woes unnumberM fent by Heaven and Fate? 

Know first the man (tho' now a wretch distrest) 
Who hopes thee monarch, for liis future guest* 
Behold Ulysses ! no ijgBobie name. 
Earth sounds my wisdom, and high heaven my fame. 

My native soil is Jthaca tlie fair, 21 

Where high Neritus waves his woods in air; 
IHiUchium, Samd, and Zacynthus crown'd 
With shady mountains, spread their isles around 
(These to the north and night's dark regions run, 
Those to Aurora and the rising sun). S6 

Low lies our isle, yet blest in fruitful stores ; 
Strong aire her sons, though rocky are her shores ; 
And none, ah none so lovely to my sight. 
Of all the lands that heaven overspreads with.llghi! 
In vain Calypso long constraiu'd my stay, 31 

With sweet, reluctant, amorous, delay; 
With all her charms as vainly Circe suove. 
And ad4)Bd magic to secure my love. 
In pomps or joys, the palace or the grot^ 35 

My country's image never was forgot. 



13B TRS 4>0ir8SftT. BOOK IX. 

Mj abteDt parents rose before my sight. 
And distant ley contentment end delight. 
-Heer then the woes %hie:H M|htj Jove ordain'd 
7o wait my passage from the Trojan land. - 40 

Thi -anhiAh ttbia IHoii td the ciemii^ ihot^. 

Beneath c^td littAi^A ftiri* VlWi^hi W«. 

We boldly lantHnf du thb hoHlltf pHartf, 

And ailck'd the dtt> and d«stt«yM th« rat!«, 

^eir wives iWUie captive) their poMtesions shir'd, 

And'Overy soldief found a lik« t^#ard. %$ 

I ^en advis'd td fty ; hdt ^d th<» rtot, 

Who stay*d to ^e^ret, and prdlOhK the tkiMi 

Th« fatted she^p dhd Mhle bulls th«y iYi% 

Aiid bowlk flow tauhd, and rtot #Ut«i th«[ day. 50 

MeadtiAie the Cicons td their llrdtd«f k«Ur*d, 

Call on the <^t6ni with tte«r hif^ llfM; 

With early Mom the (^ather'd cottntfy swafttts. 

And all the cbfttltient 1& bri«ht n^ith aMIls ; 

Thick as th« bdddittg leaves dr tisffig fldw«ts 55 

0*ersprttad tta* laud, when spiing dekcendii ih bhbw^rs: 

All expert sotdldf^, skilVd oh foot to dare, 

Or from the botrnding tdufser dfge the Waf . 

Now fortune changes (sb the i^&tfcS ortfkib) ; 

Odr hbar was come to taste bar ihai^ of path. Oo 

Close at the ships the bloody figb^ b^h. 

Wounded they wound, and viian etplfM on Aiaa. 

Long as thd momibg stih ioereisthg brigbt 

O'er heaten's pdil! ssut-e spfread the growihg ti^ht. 

PromlstttOos death the fortoi of War ebnfbunds, (J5 

Each adverse battle goPd with equal wOttnds ; 

But when his evening wheels o*erhoog the malli, 

Then cbnquest cfownM the fierce Clconian train. 

Sia brave compantobs firom eabh ship We lost, 

TIfb rest tw^ape in haste, and quit the toast. 79 

With sails odtspread we fly th* ttne<|ttat strlfi*, 

Sad for their loas, but joyful bf our Ufb. 

Yet as we fled, our felfev's Htes w« paid. 

And thrice we call*d on each nnhkppy fchade. 

Meanwhile the god whose hand theth^nda- fvttbt, 

Drives clonda dA eloods, abd blaekent bc%ven with 

storms I 76 



BODS nci Td» mtftfit. 1^9 

Wide tfVr tiM «iMi tM Mi« of B brti i 8lr«e)», 

And nigiit ffOfth'd iMuUMg oti A* Mttd^d d«ep«. 

Hov here, m>iv there^ tfie giddy fthips arerb<yni6> 

AM all ttie nklding ibteudtf ill fHi(t"*^nlt tdm. t6 

We finrl*d Um 8«i], ir6 pl/d 0% lebbiiHdg ekr. 

Took down our tuaU t ind roirM our sliipv td klMtd. 

Tvo tedious dA¥» ft««l t#o loht nttUti %« lat» 

O'enrttiifh'a aikl 1lktt«Pd iit tll« naled Uf . 

B«t tha third ttnirtdiig when A^rdrt UFlii^, 8tf 

We rear the tta*ti» we ip^Nld Uid e«#«Ur ^vititft ; 

Befreth'd, A&d eail&l^es da Ae d«ck t«tlin*d. 

We sit, cod trdst the pilot and tfltt i^ind. 

Then to my Mdtt twivtrj bed 1 siiiM ; 

Bht the cape dmttled, ad^rs^ wtbdji |»ratAird. 90 

Strong wa« thb tide, Wfalcfa, by the u ui tfa ^rh blast 

Inpeird, ottF^ve«S(fels dn G/theraciSt. 

Kine days odr Beet tti' tine«ttain tempest bdre 

Far in tridtt oeten, ahd ffrdm M^t of 8ht»re : 

TM tenth tre tovch*d, by ▼artons erirbrt tt>st, QH 

Th6 lAdd of Lotus and th^ fiovrtitj coast. 

We dimb'd the bHbch, and fepirings df witef f&otid, 

Then spread o«r htttt b«nt)ubt on 1^0 grduftd. 

Thfe« m«n w«f^ sent, deputed froih tii« eteif 

(Aii herald on«), the duMons ceiit to ▼')«%, lOd 

And learn What bahitaats posftest the t^lace; 

They wenl^ and f<»«lnd a hospitable trace ; 

Hot prone to ill, nor ibafa^ to Jtorelgn pst»U 

They eat, the^ dHnk^ and hatdre |ires the feast; 

TM trees aronad Uieih all their food produce ; M5 

Lotos, the name; diTine, ae^tareons Jaiee I 

(Thence calPd Lotophagi) ; which whoso tastes, 

Insatiate riots in the sweet repasts, 

Kor other hoiiie, n^r other care inteads, 169 

But quits hi^ hoase, his country, and hM frii*ndft. 

The three we scat, ftom eif th' enchanting grOnnd 

We diagg'd reluctant, and by ft>h?« we boand : 

The rest in haste forsook the pleasing ihtitt. 

Or, the chaftfii fftkte^^ had fHttHi*d no mbr%. 

iKoSr plkc'd in ordel'; on their baukb. they ewe«^ llS 

The «Ni«4 iteoCh fiec^ and elMt«B the hoary deep $ 



140 THE OPT8SEY» BOOK IZ: 

Vith heavy hisarU we labour throagh tiie tide. 
To coasts uokaown aad oceans yet untrj'd. 

The land of Cyclops firi-t^ a savage kind, 
Kor tam'd by maDoers» nor Uy laws ooofio'd : 190 
TJntaagbt to plant, to turn the glebe and sow; 
They all tlieir products to free nature owe. 
The soil uotiird a ready harvest yields, 
With wheat and barley wave the golden fields. 
Spontaneous wines from weighty clusters pour, 195 
And Jove descends in each prolific shower. 
By these no statutes and no rights are known, 
No council helij, no monarch filis the throne. 
But higl^ on hills, or airy cIi£Ps, they dwell. 
Or deep in caves whose entrance leada to hell. 19Q 
Each rules his race, his ueighbuur not his care. 
Heedless of otbers, to his own severe. 

Oppos'd to the Cyclopean coasts, there lay 
An isle, whose hills their subject fields survey; 
Its name Laciisea, crownM with many a grove, 13ft 
Where savage goats through pathless thickets rova: 
"Ho needy mortals here, with hunger bold. 
Or wretched hnnters through the wintery cold 
Pursue their flight : but leave them safe to bQuod 
From hill to hill, o^er all the desert ground. 146 
Kor knows the soil to feed the fleecy care. 
Or feels the labours of the crooked share; 
But uninhabited, untill'd, unsown 
It lies, and breeds the bleating goat alone. 
£or there no vessel with vermilion prore, 149 

Or bai k of traffic, glides from shore to shore ; 
The rugged race of savages, unskill'd 
The seas to tritverse, or the ships to build, 
Oaae on the coast, nor cultivate the soil ; 
Unlearned in all th* industrious arts of toil, 150 
Yet here all products and all plants abound. 
Sprung from the fruitful genius of the ground; 
Fields waving high with heavy crops are seen, 
And vines that flourish in eternal green, 
Befreahing meads along the murmuring main, 15S 
Aad fountains streamiQg down (be fruitful \pl^. 



BOOX IX. tttE ODTSSET. 14) 

A port there is, inclos'd on either fide, 
Where ships may rest, unanchur*d, and nnty*d ; 
TIU the glad mariners incline to sail. 
And the sea whitens with the rising gale. KJO 

High at its head, from out the cavern'd rock 
In living Alls a gushing fountain broke : 
Around it, and above, for ever green 
The bushing alders fonnM a shadj scene. 
Hither some favouring god, beyond our thought, i69 
Throfigh alLsurrounding shade our navy brcught; 
For gloomy night descended on the main, 
Kor glimmerM Phoebe in th* etherial pUin : 
But all unseen the clouded island lay. 
And all unseen the surge and rolHng sea, I70 

Till safe -we anchor*d in thp sbelterM bay : 
Our sails we gather*d, cast our cables o'er, 
And slept secure along the sandy shore. 
Soon as again the rosy morning shone, 
Reveat'd the landscape and the scene unknown, 175 
With wonder seis'd, we view the pleasing ground. 
And walk delighted, and expatiate round. 
Rous'd by the woodland nymphs at early dawn, - 
The mountain goats came bounding o*er the lawn ; 
In haste our fellows to the ships repair, 180 

For arms and weapons of the sylvan war; 
Straight in three squadrons ail our crew we part. 
And bend the bow, or wing the missile dart; 
The bounteous gods afford a copious prey. 
And nine fat goats each vessel bears aw^y : 185 
The royal bark had ten. Our ships complete 
We thus sttpply'd <for twelve were all the fleet). 

Here, till the setting sun rollM down the light, 
We sat indulging in the geninl lite : 
Nor wines were wantinsr ; those from ample jars 19O 
We drain- d, the prise of our Ciconian wars. 
The land of Cyclops lay in prospect near ; 
The voice of eoats and bleeting flocks we hear. 
And from tiieir mountains risinir smokes appear. ' 
Nov sunk the sun, and darkness coverM <^er 195 
The face of things : along the sea-beat shore 



U» »B ^mB9n» BQOJC JOE. 

iBatUte we i^ ; \ivt yfkw ^9 «a«ed damm 
Arising glitter*!) o>pr th^ dpwy l»Fi(* 
I cali*d mj fellows, |hiul (hesp vorvll ftddresL 
||j deer asiofiiAta^ ijere ioi^tt^ your reM : qq^ 
While* Yith 9y s|agle sbip, ft^vwtttvtQUM I 
Oo forth, the i^^iMien of ype qiw to ti^; 
Whether a race ^«iAt» 9f hwrWoiis migbt; 
Rude, and luieoiisfaotts of e stranger's ng^; 
Or 8i|oh vho hwrtK^ar pHj io their ^rraat, ao§ 

Revere tlae go4^, iM)d sneeour kbe distrest.^ 
This said, I ejiatb'd my Tfissei's Ipfty side ; 
My train ^^'d np, mi M>e eUip iiQty*d. 
In order seated op (hMr -baalFSt' thoy sweep 
lioptune's saootb fipice, »nd cleeire tde yielding deep. 
When to th^ ^aere^t wv%n of land ve dvar, £11 
Fast by th^ sea a lonely oave ve viesr. 
High, and with darkening ianreis eover'd o'er; 
Where sheep aod goet9 Uy slmohering fvtad 41m 

Ne^ this, • fisqce of marble ficom the reek, M# 

Brown with o'eraxcfaiQg fklne tnd Sfreediog oak. 

A giant shefiferd here his fleck maintains 

iFajr fcpn kite rest, iMui solitary reignt, 

}U sheltfir thvck. of horrid s^adie fipclia*d ; 

And gloomy mUchiefs UiHHir in his miMl. tM 

A form eoormoMAl fer vniike tib» cace 

Of human birth, m statnre, or in fw»; 

As some lone monntain's moostroiis growth ke Jtoodt 

pfown'd with ro^gb tiisckets aod • nodding mood, 

I left m^ vessoi at the point of I^m), MS 

And <4oi^ j^o gpard it, gave our ecew eommeml : 

With only twelve, |he boldest end Mwbest, 

1 seek th* adventwie, and forsake the rest. 

Theq took a goatskin fill'd with pre^ions wine, 

The gift of Maroo of ^vanthous* line 880 

(The priest of Phmbus at kh* Umarinn shrine). 

In stfcned sbedo tus hoaour'd amioslon stood 

Ami4st Apollo's eottsocrated wood ; 

tUfi* en4 ids IwMise, Heaven mov*d mtf mind to sneo. 

And cosily presents in retnrn h^ gav^ { tM 



Seven golden ImIwIi tp ^w^iclftMi VfWight* 
A silver ^ovl tH»t ]^«M » «PfM«M di»|iikt. 
And twelve Iprgfi t«imU ftf n i w in g l a rf wim, 
Iffllillaoufc APdaci^Mif »««d divuie I 
Which oov* ft»iP« Agflf ft«m lli* ra«» Mncenl'd, •!• 
The )if»ajrj we ui gr»tiUi4ii fnw U'4 ; 
Such waf ^ wim: \Q %ilMM:h whfiM ^vrenft •«««■ 
Scares twenty |im««9«a from th» ttvMg atMaai 
Xf C99I «M(# 1^ Mft^'fl : Ihe g«W«t cvomi'id 
Breat^*4 #r«iw^<j k»gnnae% twwmdi Mi 

Of (l^ii 9# ««iila f tjw we bevrU akMrd, 
And brought wiotiier «i|;h fMrqfyJMNont •Ur'4* 
Mj soul fofal)9de4 1 ah^uU find thvtever 
Of 80BIP fell •Moster* fiere* vith knfkveM pe Wt 
Soane rustic wretch, who liv*4 in tteeiren's despite^ 
ContemvAng Uwiw fad twwii>tifng «n lAe right. £91 
Tho ca? 9 we found, hut vacant ail vitbin 
(His flocjK the giant tended on the green): 
But roiuad Uie grot we gaae ; ^ad all we view, 
Jm order rastg'd, our adnnratioa drew 1 IM 

The bending shelves witti loads of choaaes pfesi, 
The folded flpcks efioh separate Irom the rest 
(The larger here, and these the lesser Umbs, 
The naV'fiftU'n young lure hle»ting for ItM' dMos; 
TM kid diuinguish'd from the lambkia lies): 86O 
The cf^rern echoes with responsive cries. 
Cnpaciouft chargers all arouitd were laid, 
F«ll pnils. and vessels of the milking trade. 
AVith fresh provisions hence our flcjet to store 
Hj friends advise me, and lo quit the ahoiB ; 86i 
Or drive a 0ock of sbcep and goats away. 
Consult oar safety and put off to see. 
Hicir urholesorae counsel rashly I declined. 
Curious to view the man of monstrous kind. 
And try vhat aooi^ rites a savage leads i fTO 

Pire rites, ales I and fatal to my friends ! 
Then first a fire we kindle, and prepare 
For his return vilh sacrifice and prayer. 
The loaded shelves afford us full repast; 
We sit expecting. Lo,! he comes at last. f|* 



IM ' THE ODYSSEY. BOpK iX- 

Near half a forest on his back he bore, 

And cast the ponderous burden at the door. 

It tbuttdei'd as it fell. We trembled then* 

And sought the deep recesses of the den. SJ§ 

Vow driv'n before him through the arching rock. 

Came tumbling, heaps on heaps, th' annumber*d flock : 

Big-udder'd ewes, and goats of female kind 

(The males were penn'd in outward courts behind) ; 

Then heav'd on high, a rock's enormous weight 2^ 

To the cave's mouth he roll'd, and dos'd the gate 

(Scarce twenty four-wheei'd cars,compact and stropg , 

The massy load could bear, or roU along). 

He next betakes him to his evening cares. 

And, sitting down, to milk his flocks prepares; 

Of half, their udders eases first the dams, sgo 

Then to the mother's teat submits the lambs. 

Half the white stream to hardening cheese he prest. 

And high in wicker-baskets heaped : the rest , 

Reserv'd in bowls, supply'd his nightly feast. 

His labour done, he fir'd the pile, tliat gave 305 

A sudden bUae, and lighted all the cave. 

We stand discovered by the lising fires; 

Askance the giant glares, and thus inquires : 

What are ye, guests : on. what adventure, say. 
Thus far ye wander through the watery way ? 300 
Pirates perhaps, who seek through seas unknown 
The lives of others, and expose your own ? 

His voice like thunder through tiie cavern sooods : 
My bold companions thrilling fear confounds, 
Appali*d at sight of more than mortal man ! 305 
At length, with heart recover'd, I began : 

From Trojf's fam'd fields, sad wanderers o'er the 
main. 
Behold the relica of the Grecian traio ! 
Through various seas, by various perils tost. 
And forc'd by storms, unwilling, on your coast ; 310 
Far from our destin'd course and native land. 
Such was our fate, and such high Jove's command ! 
Nor what we are befits us to disclaiir, 
Atridea* friends (in anna a mighty name), 



BOOK IX. THB (H>T8SET. h» 

Vbo taught {irood Troy aad all bw Muit to bow; 
'Victors of late, bat hamhle soppliaats now t 31$ 
I^w at tby kaee thy succalir ve implore; 
Rcepeet os, hanun, and relieve us, poor. 
At least some hospitable gift bestow ; 
Tis what the happy to th' unhappy owe : 39^ 

lb what the gods reqaira : those gods revere, 
Tbe poor and stranger are their constant care ; 
Te Jove their cause, and their revenge belongs. 
He wanders with them, and he fisels their wrongs. 

JPooU that ye are ! (the savage thus replies, 9%5 
WBm inward fary blazing at his eyes) 
Or strangers, distant fiur Drom our abodes. 
To bid me reverence or regard the gods. 
Know then, we Cyclops are a race, above 39^ 

Hsooe air-lMred people, and their goat-nurs'd Jove ; 
Aad learn, our power proceeds with thee and 

thine, 
l^ot as he wills, but as ourselves incline. 
But answer, the good ship that brought ye o'er, 
"Where lies she anchored ? near or off the shore i 

Thus be. His meditated fraud I And 335 

^^rs'd in the turns of varioas homan>kind) ; 
And, caatious, thus. Against a dreadfnl rock, 
Fast by your shore the gallant vessel broke. 
Scarce with these few I 'scap'd ; of all my train,. 
"Whom angry Neptune whclm'd beneath the main : 
Hie scattered wreck the winds blew back again. S4i 

He answer'd with his deed, his bloody hand 
Snatch'd two, unhappy ! of my martial b^d; 
And dash*d like dogs against the stony floor : 
The pavement swims with brains and mingled gore. 
Tom limb from limb, he spreads his hbrrid feast, 3l6 
And fierce devours it like a mountain beast: 
He sucks the marrow, and ihe blood he draii^. 
Nor entrails, flesh, nor solid bone remains. 
We see the death from which we cannot move, S50 
And humbled groan beneath the hand of Jove. 
His ample maw with human carnage filPd, 
A milky deluge next the giant swiU'd; 

O 



Then slretL-h'd in length o'fer half thfe ctverttM ro«k, 

ijty senseless, «id supine, amidst the flock. 355 

To seize the time, and with a sudden woand 

To fix the slttBDlbering monster to thb ground. 

My soul impels me ; and in act 1 stand 

To draw the swotd; but wisdom held my hand. 

A deed so rash had fioishM all our fete, 36o 

No mortal forces ftt>m the lofty gate 

Could roll the rock. In hopeless grief we lay. 

And sigh, expecting the return of day. 

Now did the rosy-finger'd mom arise, 

And shed her sacred light along the skies. S65 

He wakesj he lights the fire, he milks the dams. 

And to the mothers' teats submits the lambs. 

The task thus finished of his morning hours, 

Two inore he snatches, murders, and derours. 

Then pleas'd, and whistling, drives his flock before; 

Bemoves the rocky mountain from the door, S71 

And shuts again : with equal ease disposed. 

As a light quiver's lid is ope'd and cloa'd. 

His giant voice tlie ediolng region fills ; 

Ills flocks, obedient, spread o'er all the hills. 375 

Thus left behind, ev»n in the last despair 
I thought, devis'd, and Pallas heard my prayer. 
Revenge, and doubt, and caution, worked my breast ; 
But this of many counsels seem'd the best : 
The monster's club within the cave I spy'd, 380 

A tree of stateliest growtli, and yet undry'd. 
Green from the wood ; of height and bulk So vast. 
The largest ship might claim it for a mast. 
This shorteu'd of its top, I gave my train 
A fathom's length, to shape it and to plane; 38ff 
The narrower end I sharpened to a spire ; 
Whose point we harden'd witli the force of fircj 
And hid it in the dust that strew'd the cave. 
Then to my few companions, bold and brave, 
Propos'd, who first the venturous deed should try, 
In the broad orbit of his monstrous eye SQl 

To plunge the brand, and twirl the pointed wood, 
When slumber next Should tame the man of bloo<f. 
Just as I wish'd, the lots were cast on four: 
Myself the fifth. We sUnd and wait the hour. 395 



BdCJiC It. ttiE ODTSStit, t^ 

Be cones with evening: ftll liis fieecj flock 
Before him msrch, and ponr into the rock : 
Dot one; or male or fbmale, staid bteliiDd 
(So fortune cbanc*d, or so sene god designM) ; 
Then heaving high the stone's unwieldy weight, 400 
He roUM it on the ca-ve, a^d clos'd th^ s>i<^« 
First down he sits, to millc the wooHy dams. 
And then permits their udder to the lambs. 
|}eict seik'd two wretches more, and headlong cast, 
Br&in*d on the rocic ; his second dire fefMSt. 4CMSI 
I then approach'd irlm reeking with tfieir gore, 
And held the brimming goblet foatmibg o>r; 
Cjclop! since human flesh has been thy fetist, 
Now drain this goblet, potent to digest ; 
Know hence what treasures in onr ship we lost, 410 
And what rich liquors other climates boast. 
"Wc to thy shore the precious freight Shall bear, 
If home ti)ou send its, and vouchsafe to spare. 
But oh ! tfads fHirious, thus thirsting after gore, 
The sons of men shall ne'er approach thy shore, 415 
And never shalt tliou taste this nectar more. 

lie heard, he took, and pouring down hb throat, 
Delighted, swiird the lai^e luxurious draught. 
More ! give riie toore, he cry'd : the boon be thine, 
"Whoe'er thou art tliat bear'st celestial wine ! . 420 
I)^clar6 Ihy name ; iiot mortal is this juice. 
Such as th* nnblest Cyclopean climeS produce 
(Though sure our vine the largest cluster yields, 
AodJove^s scorn'd thbnder serves to drench out 

fields) ; 
BtBt this descended from' the blest abodes,. 4i5 

A rill of nectar, streaming from the gods. 

He said, and- greedy grasp*d tt^e ht-ady i)Owl, 
Thrice' drainM, and povr'd ti)« deluge on his soul. 
His sense lay cover'd with the dozy fume ; 
IVIiilt thus my iraudful speech 1 re-assume. 430 
Thy promis'd boon, O Cyclop ! now I claim, 
And plead my title ; Norn an is my name. 
By tiiat distinguish^ from rty tender years, 
Tis what tag psrents call me, and my peers. 



148 THE ODYSSfiT. BOOK 1% 

The gUmt thea: Oi»r promis'd grace receive, 43^ 
The hospitable booa we mean to give : 
When all thy wretched crew have felt mj power, 
ITomaD shall be the last I will devour. 

w 

He said : then nodding with the fumes of wine 
Dropt his huge heid, and snoring lay supine. 4iQ 
His neck obliquely o'er hix shoulders hang, 
Flrest with the weight of sleep that tames the sVr<m% I 
There belcht the mingled streams of wine and bloo<i^ 
And human flesh, his indigested food. 
Sudden I stir the embers, and inspire 445 

With animatiag breath the seeds of fire ; 
Each drooping spirit with bold words repidr, 
And urge my train the dreadful deed to dare. 
The staJte now glow'd beneath the burning bed 
(Green as it wa^ and sparkled fiery red, 450 

Then forth the vengeful instrument I bring ; 
Witii beattng hearts my fellows form a ring. 
Urg'd by some present god, they swift let fall 
The pointed torment on his visual ball. 
Myself above them from a rising ground 455 

Guide the sharp stake, and twirl it round and ronnd,. 
As when a shipwright stands his workmen o'er. 
Who ply the whimblo, some huge beam to bore; 
Urg'd on all hands, it nimbly spins about, 
The grain deep-piercing till it scoops it oiit r 40^ 
In his broad eye so wliirls the fiery wood; 
From the pierc'd pupil spouts the boiling blood ; 
Sing'd are his brows : the scorching lids grow black; 
The jelly bubbles, and the fibres crack. 
And as when armourers temper in the ford 409 

The keen-edg'd pole-ax, or the shining sword. 
The red-hot metal hisses in the lake. 
Thus in his eye-ball hiss'd the plunging stake. 
He sends a dreadful gro-ao,.the rocks around 
Through all their inmost winding caves resound. IQFO 
Scar'd we receded. Fortli with frantic hand. 
He tore, and daaliM on earth tlie goary brand : 
Then calls the Cyclops, all that round him dwells 
Widi voice like thunder, and a direful yell. 



BOOK IX. TB^ ODYSSEY. lif 

j^rom all ihdr dens the one-ej'd race repair, 475 
From rifted rocks, and mountains bleak In air. 
All baste assembled, at his well-known roar. 
Inquire the cause, and crowd the cavern door. 

Wliat horts^hee Pol jpheme i what strange affright 
!nia8 breaks our slumbers, and disturbs the night ? 
Does any mortal, in th* unguarded hour 461 

Ot' sleep, oppress thee, or by fraud or power ? 
Or thieves insidious thy fair flock surprise ? 
Thus they : the Cyclop from his den replies : 

lEVieads, Koman kills me ; Koman, io the hour 485 
Of sleep, oppresses me with fraudful power. 
** If no man hurt thee, but the hand divine 
'* Inflict disease, it fits thee to resign ; 
" To Jove or to thy father Neptune pray,** 
Hie brethren cried, and instant strode away. 490 

Joy tDach*d my secret soul and conscious heart, 
Pleas'd with th' effect of conduct and of art. 
Meantime the Cyclop, raging with his wound. 
Spreads bis wide arms,and searches round and round : 
At last, the stone removing from the gate, 4^ 

With hands extended in the midst he sate : 
And searched each passing sheep, and fell it o*er. 
Secure to seixe us ere we reach'd the door 
(Soeh as his shallow wit he deem'd was mine) ; 
But secret I revolv*d the deep design ; 500 

Twas for our lives ray labouring bosom wrought; 
Each scheme I tum'd and sharpen'd every thought ; 
This way and that I cast to save my friends, 
Till one rvtsolve my varying counsel ends. 

Strong were the rams, with native purple fair, 505 
Well fed, and largest of the fleecy care. 
These three and three, with osier bands we ty*d 
(The twining bands the Cyclop's bed supply'd) ; 
The midmost bore a man, the outward two 
Secured each side : so bound we all the crew. 5J0 
One ram remain'd, the leader of the flock ; 
In his deep fleece my graspiae hands I lock. 
And fast beneath, in wooilj curls inwove* 
X cling itepUcity and <oaflde in Jove. 



)JQ THE OPVS^¥« BOOK OU 

Wben rosy moraiog glimmerM 9'er the dal«a, 61S 
He drove to pasture all the lusty males: 
The ewes sUU folded, wltli distended thighii 
Unmilk'd, lay bleating in distressful cries. 
But heedless of those cares, vitl) aagaish stanj* 
He fcU their fleeces as they past along JSfi^- 

(Fool that he vas) 9^ad let them safely go. 
All ansuspecting of their freight hek>w. 

The master ram at last approach'fi the gate» 
Charg'4 with his wool, and with Ulysses* Utlfpj 
Him irhile he past, the mqoster blind bespoke: 5!^ 
What makes my ram the laig of ^11 the flock i 
first thou wert wont to crop the flowery mead* 
First to the field and river's bank to lead« 
And first witli stately step 4t evening hour 
Thy fleecy fellows usher to their b9W0''* 4^ 

Now far the last, with pensive pace and slow 
Thoa mov'st, as conscious of thy master's ifoe! 
Seest thou these lids that now unfold in vaiat 
(The deed of Neman and his wicked train !) 
Oh ! didst thou feel for thy afflicted loVd« 5^ 

And would but.Fate the power of speech a^ord. 
Soon might'st thou tell me, where in secret here 
The dastard lurks, all trembling with bis fear : 
Swung round and rouod,and dash'd from rock to rock,. 
His batter'd brains should on the pavement smoke, 
Ko ease, no pleasure my sad heart receives* 6Ai 
While such a monster as vile Nomura lives. 

The giant spoke, and through the hollow ropk 
Dismissed the ram, the fathef qf the flock« 
Ko sooner freed, and through th' insclosure p9^^ Mi 
First I release myself, my fellows lastt 
Fst sheep and goats in throngs we drive bpfoEe, 
And reach our vessel on the winding shore. 
With joy the sailors view their friends retara'd 
And hall us living, whom as dea4 *^S moura*d. Afill 
Big tears of transport stand ia every eye; 
I check their fondness, and coounand to 4j* 
Aboard in liaste they heave the wealthy sheep* 
And snatch theif oars, aod n^h into Uie <MiP^« 



]|DQK UC THB OP¥Sft]»T. m 

Now oflf at sea, ant) from the sMlo^rs dwr, 505 
A% fkr a9 hiusaii voice couid reach the car, 
With taunts the distant giant I accost* 
Hear me, O Cjclop ! hear, ungracious host I 
Tiras on no coward, no ignoble slave. 
Thou medifeat'st thj meal in yonder caTo; Si0 

But one, the vengeance fated from above 
Doom'd to inflict ; the instrunent of Jove. 
Thy barharbus breach of hospitable bands. 
The god, the god revenges bj-my hands, 

Cpiese words the Cyc)op'« burning rage prpvoke ; 
From the tall bill he rends a pointed fqf^, 566 

High o'er the billows flew the m^y lo<t4» ' 
And near the ship came thundering on the flood. 
It almost brush'd the helm, and fell befpfi«: 
The whole sea shook, and ispfluepc beat the shore* 
The strong conctfssion pa the heaving tide £71 

&oLl*d back the vessel to the island's side: 
Again I shov'd her off, our fate to fly. 
Each nerve we stretch, and every oar we ply> 
Just *scap'd impending death, when now again 67& 
We twice as fiar h%d furrow'd back the main, 
Oncis more I raise my voice ; ray friends afraid 
Vnth mild entreaties ny design'dissuade. 
Wbat boots the godless giant to pfovoke^ 
Whose aim may sink us at a single stroke i 590 

Already, when the dreadf|iL rock he threv. 
Old Ocean shook, and back his surges flew* ' 
Hiy sounding voice directs his aim again ; 
The rock overwhelms us, and we scal>'d in vaio* 

0ut I, of mind elate, and scorning fear, 5H 

Thus with new taunts insult the monster's ear. 
Cyclop ! if any, pitying thy disgrace. 
Ask who disfigur'd thus, that eyeless face i 
8ay,^tw8s Ulysses, 'twas his deed* declare^ 
Xaertea' son, of Ithaca the fair ; A9tf 

Ulysses, far in fighting fields renowa'd. 
Before whose arm Troy tumbled to the groond* 

Th' astooish'd savage with a loar replies : 
Oh hfjtven* 1 oh faith of a^V4?»t prophecies 4 



iSi THE ODYSSET. BOOK TX. 

This, Tetenms Eorymedes foretold ogS 

(The niightj seer who on these hills grew old; 
Skiird the dark f«te8 of mortals to declare, 
And learoM in all wiD{f d omens of the air) ; 
Long since he menac'd, sach was Fate's comaMUi^ : 
And nam'd TTlysses as the destin'd hand. Goo 

I deem*d some godlike 0ant to behold, 
Or lofty hero, haughty, brave, and bold ; 
Not this weak pigmy-wretch, of meab design. 
Who not by strength subdaM me, but by wine. 
But eome, accept our gifts, and join to pray 005 
Great Neptune's blessing on the watery way; 
For bis I am,' and I the lineage own ; 
Th* immortal father no less boasts the son. 
Bis power can heal me, and re-light my eye; 
. And only his, of all th#gods on high. 6lO 

Oh ! could his arm, (T thus aloud rejoin!d) 
From that vast bulk dislodge thy bloody fnind. 
And send thee howling to the realms of night! 
As sure, as Neptune cannot give thee sight. 

Thus I j while raging he repeats his cries, 6l5 
With hands uplifted to the starry skies. 
Heat me, O Neptune ! thou whose arms are hurl'd 
From shore to shore, and gird Che solid world. 
If thine I am, nor thou my birth disown. 
And if th' unhappy Cyclop be thy son ; 6S0 

Let not Ulysses breathe his native air, 
Lailrtes' son, of Ithaca the ftiir. 
If to review his country be his fate. 
Be it through toils and sufferings long and late ; 
Bis lost companions let him first deplora ; -6S5 
8ome vessel, not his own, transport him o'er ; 
And when at home from foreign suffsrings fteed. 
More near and dAsp, domestic woes succeed! 

With imprecations thus he flil'd the air, 
Aad angry Nuptune heard th' unrighteous prayer. 
A larger rock' tiien heaving from the plain, 6S1 

He whirl'd it round ; )t song across the main ; 
It fell, and brash'd the stem : the billows roar, 
Aake ak the weight, and refloat beat the •bora. • 



.BOOK IX. THGODTS&BT. 1^ 

With all our force ire kept aloof to set, 685 

Aiid gaia'd the island where our veivsels Ity. 
Our sight the whole collected navj cheer'd. 
Who, waiting long, by turns had hop'd and fcar*d. 
There disembarking on tlie green sea-aide. 
We land our cattle, and the spoil divide : 640 

Of these doe shILres to «Tery sailor fi4l ; 
The master ram was voted mine by all t 
And him (the guardian of Ulysses* fate) 
With pious mind to heaven I consecrate. 
Bat the great god, wfabsa tliaader rends the skies. 
Averse, behold the smoking siMjrifice ; ^td 

And sees me wandering still from coast to coast ; 
And all ny vessels, »1I my ^oofle, lost I 
While thoughtless we indulge tlie genial liio. 
As plenteous cates and flowing bovtls invite; 650 
Till evening Pbcebuft folfd away the light: 
Slrctch'd on the sfiore in careless ease we rest, 
-Tin rudd>f itior&lnf pufpl^d o*er the east, 
.Tlien from their aochom all our ships unbind, 
•Aud mouat the decks, and call the willing wind. 6.05 
Kow, rangld ta ordier oa our baftds, we sweep 
With ha^ty stioket the boajrse-resouuding deep ; 
.Blinki to the fotare, pensive with our fears» 
Olftd for the livipg. 49r the dead in tears. 



6 2 



THE 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK Z. 



ARGUHEMT. • 

AdvaUura with JEohu, the Latri^nt, mnd Ciree, 

■Vlysses arrives at the island of Xoln*, who ffit^ 
lum prosperous winds, and incloMs the adverso 
ones in a bag, which his companions untying, 
they are driven back i^n, and rejected. Then 
Uiey sail to the Leatrigons, where they lose sloven 
shipe, and, with one only remaining,' proceed to 
tlie island of Circe. Earylochas b sent first with 
some companions, all which, except Eoryloehut, 
are transformed into swine. Ulysses then under- 
takes the adventure, and« by the help of Mercury, 
who gives him the heib Moly, overcomes the en- 
chantress, and procures the restoration of his men. 
After a year's slay with her, he prepares at her in- 
stigation for his voyage to the infernal 'shades. 



I ta5 1 



BOOK X. 

tk T length «« reacbM AoUa'a sM^girt shore, 
^'^ Where great Hippotedee die sceptre bore^ 
A ffoeting isle 1 High.nis'd by toU divine. 
Strong walls of bnas tlie locky eoast confine. 
Six blooming jonths, in prirate grandeur bred, 5 
And six lair danghters, gra^d the royal bed : 
These sons dieir sisteis ved» end all resnin 
Their parent's pride, and pleasnre of their reign. 
All day they feast, all day the bowls flow round, 
And joy «id music through the isle lesound : 10 
At night each pair on sploidid carpets lay, 
And crown'd with lore the pleasures of tiie day. 
This happy port affbids our wandering fleet 
A month's receptioo, and a safe retreat. 
FoU oft the monarch nrg'd me to relate ' |5 

The foil of Ilion, and the Grecian fete ; 
Full oft I told i at length for parting mov'd : / 
The king with mighty gifts my suit approT*d. 
The adverse winds in leathern'd bags he brac'd. 
Compressed, their force, and lock'd each straggling 
Mast: M 

For him the mighty sire of gods asstgoM 
The tempest's lord, and tyrant of the wind : 
His word alone the listening storms obey. 
To smooth the deep, or swell the foamy sea* 
T^ese in my hollow ship the monarch hung, £5 

Securely fetter'd by a silver throng ; 
But Zephyrns exempt, with friendly gales 
lie charg'd to fill, aiid guide the swelling sails : 
Bare gift ! but oh, what gift to fools avails I 
• Nine prosperous days we ply'd the labooiing oar; 
The tenth presents our welcome native shore : 31 
The httte display thebeacon^s liicndly ligfat, 
And rising mountains gain upon our sight. 
Then flrst my eyes* by watchful toils opprest^ 
Conply'd to take the balmy gifts of lest; 9» 



156 THE ODTSaBT. BOOK X. 

Then fint ny bands did from the rudder part 
(So much the love of home poesess'd my heart) ; 
When lo ! on board a Ibnd detete arosa;- 
What rare device those vessels might inclose i 
What sum, what piiae from Malm i broagbt I 40 
Whilst to his neigUbaur «a«b expreas'd his tibo«ght^ 

Say, vhe^ca, ye gods, cooteodteg natiosa striv* 
Who most shall please, who most oov hero give I 
Long have his coffers groaned with Trogaa apa&Ia ; 
Whilst «e« the wretched partnecs of his toils, 45 
Reproaeh'd by want* our fruitless laJwars mongm^ ' 
And only lich In barren lame retom^ 
Now £o4«s, ye see, augmeats his store t 
But come, my friesds, these mystic gifts explore. 
They said ; and (eh curst fate) the thongs unbeund ! 
The gosbing tempest sweeps the ocean iwond ; 51 
'Snatcb'd in the whirl, the butried navy fiew, 
The ocean wideaVij. and the shorn witbdvew* 
B«as*d from my fatal sieep, I loag debate 
If still to live, or desperate pi unge to Ifste ; 65 

Thus doubting, prostrate on the deck I lay. 
Till all the coward thoughts of death gacve way. 

Meanwhile our vessels ^ough the liquid plaia. 
And soon the known Aolian roast regain. 
Our groans the rocks remunnur'd to the male. 6o 
We leap'd on shore, and with a scanty feast 
Our thirst and hanger hastily repress'd ; 
That done, two chosen heralds stndgtit attend 
Our second progress to my royal friend: 
And him aaidst his jovial sons we found ; €fi 

The banquet steaming, and the goblets crown'd: 
Iliere humbly stopp'd with conscious shame and aw^ 
Vor nearer than the gate prcsomM to draw. 
But soon his sons their wril^known guest descry'd. 
And starting firem tfieir ooudies bwdly cry*d, 70 
Ulysses here I what dssmon oouldst thou meet 
To thwart thy passage, and repel thy fleeti 
Wast thou not fiiraish'd by our ehaieest care 
For Greece, for home, and all thy aoul held dear | 
Thus they ;. in aileoce long my febe I ■MMirn*d, 75 
At length %hese words with accent low retnrn'd. 



BOOK s. w^ ostYBsmti lir 

|M«, lotk^d ia simp, ay liMthletw crew bereft 
Of all the blesKOff of jouf godlike gift ! 
But gran^ oh grant our loee we nay retriere : 
^JL fttTonr jou, aild yom aloee can give. 60 

Thus I wHb art to qftove tbeir iiity trj'd. 
And toQfih'd the yoathe ; but their etera sire leplj'd : 
Tile wveteh* begone! ti^ iiwtaBt I eooiie^wl 
Illy fleet 8ec«r9*4 to leevoovr heilow'd land* 
iUs beaelttl eoit poUotM these blest abodes, 9$ 
Whoee ftte pioclaiass him hateful to the gods. 

Umis ierce he said : we saghanc went onr wey. 
And with desponding heerts pot off to sen* 
The sailors spent with toils their foUy monni* 
Bet monra- in vain ; no prospect of retom : 90 

Six days and nights a dottbt6il course we steer. 
The next proud 'Lemos* steteJy towers appear, 
And LaestdgoniarS gates arise distinct in air. 
Hie shepherd* qeittiog here at night the plain. 
Calls, to sneeeed bie cares, the watchful swain; 99 
Bnt he tlist scorns the chains of sleep to wear. 
And addi the h^dsinan*s to the shepherd's care, 
8o near the pastures^ end so shoart the way. 
His double toils soay ciaim a doable pay. 
And join tlie Uboors of the night and day. lOt 

Within a long recess a bay Uiero lies, 
£dg*d round with cliffahigh pointing to the skies ; 
The jutdng shores that swell on etcher side 
Contract its moutii, aod break the rushing tide. 
0«r eager sMIors aei«e the UAf retreat, lOi 

And bound within the port their crowded fleet; 
rorhere retir'd the sinking billows sleep. 
And saBUil^; calmness silver'd o'er the deep. 
I only in the bay refos'd tp noor. 
And isVI, without, my halsers to the shore. 1 U> 
From thence we cUmb^d a point, whose airy brow 
ComOMmds the preepect of the plains below : 
Vo tracU of beasts, er signs of men, we found, 
Bnt imoky voliames rolling from the ground. 
Two with our henld thittifr we eomnand, )1^ 

vnth speed to iewn whet hieo peesess'4 the Imd. > 



m THE 01>Y88ET. B6OK OT. 

Tliey vent, and ^ept tiie vliael^ smooth beaten road 

Which to the city drew the moontain wood ; 

HHten lo ! they met beside a crystal spring, 

The daughter of Antiphates the king ; ' iso 

She to Artacia's stiver streams cune down 

(Artacia*8 streams alone supply the town): 

The damsel they approach, and asliM whfet race 

The people were } who monarch of tiie place f ' 

With joy the nudd th* unwary strangers heard, 1$5 

And show*d them where the royal dome appear'd. 

They went ; bat, as they entering saw the qoeen 

Of siae enormous, and terrific mien 

(Not yielding to some bnlky moantain*fe hdght), 

A sadden horror struck their aking sight* 130 

Swift at hf r call her husband scour'd away 

To wreak his hunger on the desCin*d prey ; 

One for his food the raging glutton slew. 

But two rushM out and to the navy flew. 

Balk*d of his prey, the yelling monster flies, 135 
And fills the city with his hideous cries; 
A ghastly band of giants bear the roar, * 
And, pouring down the mountains crowd the shore. 
Fragments tliey rend from ofi^ the craggy brow. 
And dash the mini on the ships below : 140 

The crackling vessels burst; hoarse groans aris«. 
And mingled horror* echo to the skies ; 
The men, like fish, they stuck upon she flood, 
And cramm*d their filthy throats with hnmsn food. 
Whilst thus their fury rages at the bay, 145 

My sword our cables cut, I calKd to weigh ; 
And charged my men, as they from fiiU would fly. 
Each nerve to strain, each bending ou" to ply. 
The sailors catch the word, their oar* they seise, ' 
And sweep with' equal strokes tiie smoahy seaa : 159 
Clear of the rocks th' impatient vessel flies ; 
Whilst in Uie port each wreldi eneumberM dies. 
With earnest haste my frighted sailors preas. 
While kindling transports g1ow*d at our success; 
But the sad fate that did our friends destroy lit 
Cool*d every breast, and damp'd the rising joy. 



BPQK X« THE ODTBSET. 15» 

Kow dftkpf^d our uiduira in the Mmm bay, 
^n>ere Ckce dvelt, the daughter of the Day 1 
Her BBOther Pm<i, of old Ocean** strain, 
Xh«s from the Son descended, and the Main liSO 
(Pkt>m the aaote lineage stem faetet camcy 
Xhe £u--fani*d brother of th' enchantress dame) ; 
Goddess, and qveen, to whom the powers belong 
Of dreadful magic, and commanding song. 
Some god directing to this peaceful baj l6ft 

Silent we came, and melancholy lay. 
Spent and o*erwatch*d. Two days and nights roU'd 9a, 
And now the third succeeding morning shone. 
I clisBb'd a cliff, with spear and sword in hand. 
Whose ridge o*erlook'd a shady length of land : 170 
To leam if ought of mortal works appear. 
Or cheerful voice of mortal strike the ear ? 
From the high point I mark'd, in distant view, 
A stream of curling smoke ascending blue. 
And spiry tops, the tufted trees aboTO, 175 

Of Circe's palace bosom'd in the grove. 

Thidier to haste, the region to explore. 
Was first my tiiought: but speeding back to shore 
I deem'd it best to visit ^t my crew. 
And send out spiea the dubious coast to view. 180 
As down the hill I solitary go, 
Some power divine, who pities human woe. 
Sent a tall stag, descending firom the wood. 
To cool his fervour in the crystal flood ; 
luxuriant on the wave-worn bank he lay, ISf 

Stretch'd forth and-pantiug in the sunny ray. 
I launched my spear, and with a sudden wound 
I^raaspierc'd his back, and fif'd him to the ground. 
He failt, ai^i mourns his fate.wiUi human cries : 
Through the wide wound the vital spirit flies. 190 
I drew, and casting on the river's side 
The bloody ipear, his gathered feet I ty'd 
With twining osiers which tlie hank supply 'd. 
An ell in length the pliant wisp I weav'd 
And the huge body en my shoulders heay'd : IQS 
Then leaning on the spear with bath my hands,. 
Upbore my load> and press'd the sinking sands 



With v«i|ibt3F Steps, aii at the ship I threw 
The welcoute btitdeo, and bespdke my crew. 

Cheer up, my friends! it is not ytft our fate SOO 
To glida with ghostt throagh Flolo's gloomy gate. 
Food in the dasert land, behold ! is givoa ; 
Live, and enjoy tile providaoce of Heateo. 

The joyfkt craw survey his ibighty sise. 
And on the future banqvet feast their eyes, 20S 
A% huge in length extended lay the beast ; 
Then wash their hands, and hasten to the ffeast» 
There, till the setting t!an roH'd dowa tlie light, 
They sate iadalfing in die genial rite. 
lYhen «T«&teg rose, and darkness eoveFd o'er Sl^ 
Thfe face of things, we slefit along the shore. 
But when the rosy momiat* wann*d the east. 
My men t amdnion'd, and tliese words addrest. 

Followers and friends .' attend wliat i propose : 
Ye sad compaDioas of Ulysses' woes ! f IS 

We know not here what laud before «& lieSr 
Or to what quarternow wa turn ooreyes, 
CH* whrre the sun shull set, «r i*here sl>all rise. 
Iltte let' us tlvink <tf thinking be not vain) 
IS any counsol, any hope remain. SSfl 

Alas i frnto yoader promontory's brow 
I view'd the coast, a i^ion flat and low; 
An isle alieitciad vith the boundless ftood ; 
A length of ttiicfcets, aad entangled wood. 
Some smoke I saw amid the forest rise, tW 

Aad all around it only seas and skies I 

With brokan hearts my sad comp»oions stood, 
Mind^l of Cyclops and his human food. 
And horrid LttstrigonS) the men of blood. 
Frpsagiog tesrs apace began* to rain } £90 

But taars in morMl miserias afe vain. 
In equal parts I straight divide ny band. 
And uame a chief each party to command; 
I led the one, and of the other sido 
Appointed brave Eurylochus tbe golde: M& 

Then iaUie braeen helm tliojots we tlHrow, 
And fortune casts Eurylochna to got 



BCNMC X» TBX OBTBtiBT. ifti 

He marth^d wftii twice eleveo ia hit train ; 
Pmsive they march, and pensive we remain. ^ 

The palace in a wood j rale tiiey found, £40 

High rais'd of stone; a shaded space around; 
Where mountain wolves, and brindled lions roam, 
(Bj magic tam'd) familiar to the dome. 
With gentle blandishment our men they meet, 
And wag their tails, and fiiwning lick thdr fett. M 
As from eome feast a man returning late. 
His feithful dogs ail meet liim' at the gate, 
Rejoidttg round, some morsel to receive 
(Such as the good man ever us*d to give). 
Domestic thus the grisly beasts drew near ; 250 
They gaae with wonder not nnmix'd with fear. 
Now on the threshold of the dome they stood, 
And heard a voice resounding through the wood : 
Placed at her loom within, the goddess sung ; 
TTie vaulted rooft and solid pavement rung. 255 
O'er the fair web the rising figures shine, 
Immortal lal>our! worthy hands divine. 
Polites to the rest the question moVd 
(A gallant leader, and a man I lov'd). 

Wiut voice celestial, chanting to the loom S60 
(Or nymph, or gdddess) echoes from the room ? 
Say, shall we seek access ? With that they call ; 
And wide unfold the portals of the hall. 

The goddess rising, asks her guests to stay. 
Who blindly follow where she leads the way, 109 
Earylochns alone ofall tiie band. 
Suspecting fraud, more prudently remain'd. 
On thrones around with downy coverings grac*d. 
With semblance fair. Hi* unhappy men she plac'd. 
mik newly pressed, the sacred flour of wheat, 270 
And honey fresh, and Pramni«tt wines the treat : 
But venomM was the bread, and mix'd the bowl. 
With drugs of force to darken alt Che soul ; 
Soon In the luscious foast themselves they lost, 
And drank oblivion of their native coast. 275 

Instant her circling wand the goddess waves. 
To hogs transfomt them, nnd the sty receiYM • 



1^ Ti|»,i)|^lBB||]?y. ^qf( X, 

Ko more V9» ^e^ ^)q Uum^a form 4iTtBe; 
Head« fap^j aod members, bristle i|ito swine: 
Qtill curst with sense, their minds remain •loney S80 
And their own voice affrights them when they- groan • 
Meanwhile the goddess in disdain. bestows 
The mast and acorn, brutal food I aod strqwf 
The fxifits of cornel, as their feast, around ; 
Kow prone and groveling on unsavory gsooiMl. Sfdt 

Eurylochus, with pensive steps »n4 slow. 
Aghast returns ; the messenger of woe. 
And bitter fate. To spe^k he made essay. 
In vain essay'd, nor would his tongue obey. SSQi 
Hif swelling heart deny'd the words their waj ! 
But speaking te^^ the w«nt of words supply. 
And the full soul bursts copious frpm hi& eye. 
Affrighted, anxious for our fellpws' fates. 
We press to hear what sadly he relatea. 

We went, Ulysses ! (such was thy CQmmand!)295 
Through the lone thicket and the desert land* 
A palace in a woody vale we found 
Brown with dark forests, and with shades around. 
A voice celestial echoed firom the dome. 
Or nymph, or goddess, chanting to the I0091. 9C0 
Access we sought, nor was access dei\y'd : 
Radiant she came; the portals opened wide: 
The goddess mild invites the guests to stay : 
They blindly follow where she leads the waj. 
I only wait behind of all the train : 30# 

I waited long, and ey'd the doors in vain : 
The rest are vanished, none repassed the gate ; 
And not a man appears to tell tlieir fate. 

I heard, and instant o'er my shoulders flung 
The belt in which my weighty falchion hung 819 
(A beamy blade): then seia'd the bended bow. 
And bade him guide the way« reaolv'd to go. 
He, prostrate falling, with both hands embrac'd 
My knees, aod weeping thus bis suit addresa'd. 

O king, belov'd of Jove, thy servant spaie, S|0 
And ah, thyself the rash attempt forbear 1 
Kever« aUs 1 thou never shalt retura. 
Or see the wretched for whose loss we moum^ 



With vhat rf)^^^ ff«m cwteia luifi 4j<» 

Amd save the few iu»t fatf4 yet to i|i^. 900 

I cafv^'cl stera, Ingipriout tii^a jraniaiii» 
Here feast and loi|^, asfi de»eit Mi j M^do* 
Alone, 9n£ru(nde4» wiU I t^oopt n^j w»y i 
Hie la^ of fa^e coo^pel, j^)d ( obey. 

fbx% said, ^4 scornful tucaing from tbe sliore asft 
M J haogbtj step, I stalji'd |i)« valley o'ei . 
Till nqv approKlf iPg Dis^ M^« magic bower ; 
'Where dweU tb' eai:luui^peu skiU'd in herbf of fpwer, 
A form divine forth issued ffof" the vopd 
(immortal Hermsf iritfa the golden rod) aM 

Jn hnman semU^noe. On his bloom; (vf9 
Toath si^d celestial, with eecb openiag girf«:«. 
He 8eiB*d mj handi <uid gr^cions thus bugan. 
Ah whither roam'st tfao9, mach<midiiri|ig uivk I 
O blind to Cste! what led thy st#|»p to rove 33# 
The hcpBd mss«s of this m^gic grovo .' 
Each friend you seek in f «n eii(ilos«re U^4, 
All lost their form, and habitats of stjre^. 
lliink'st tkK»ii by wit to model tiioiv «soa|>9 ! 
3poQ«r Shalt thpq, a straqg^ to tliy sh^fie, a#ff 
fUI prone their e^asl : first thy danger |nftir» 
Then tako tbe antidote tb« gods besfequr. 
Hie pl|uH I give, tbroogi) all the direful bower 
Shall guard thee^ and avert the evil hour. 
Kow hMT: her w4oke4 arts. Defore thy eyes H9 
The bowl shall ^arkict and tbQ banquet ri^e ; 
T^e this Pqr from thp fwthlMS feast abstain. 
For tempered drugs and poison shidl be vain* 
Soon at she strHc^ her wand, and gives tbe woid. 
Draw forth sod brandish thy refplgeat sword, 34Q 
Aad menace death ; tbote menaces shall move 
Her altered mind to blamU^hment «nd love. 
Horshumttaebliesaiagproifer'd totby arms, « 

Asesnd her bed» and taste oetostial charms : 
80 sfaaljl thy tedioiM toils a respite find. 96$ 

tei thy lost firieads return to human-kind. 
Bia f weer her first hr thoM dreM «»tk* ^^^ li» 
Tbe pow^rt below, tbe UMMd in the sky; 



i«i THE ODT88EY. BOOK ^T. 

Lest to tlM6 naked secret fhtad be meuit. 
Or magic bind thee cold and iapetent. 9Sb 

Thus while he spoke, the sovereign plant be drew 
'Where on tb' all-bearing earth nnmarkM it grew, - 
And show'd its nature and its woodrons power: 
Black was tike root, bat milky white the flower; 
Moly the name, to mortals hard to And, sAs 

Bat all is easy to th' etheriat kind. 
This Hermes gave, then, gliding off the c^ade. 
Shot to Olyupas firom the woodland shade; 
While, full of thought, revolving ftitea to oome^ * '^ 
T speed my passage to th' endianted dome. ' ' 37^ 
Arriv'd, before the lofty gates I stay'd ; 
Tlte lofty gates the goddess wide dlsplay'd : 
She leade before, and to the feast invites ; 
I follow sadly to the mi^tc rites. 
Radiant with starry stnda, a silver seat 9fb 

Receiv'd my limbs; a footstool eas*d my feet. 
She mix'd the potion, ftaadalent of soul ; ' 

The poison mantled in the golden bowl. 
X took, and quaff 'd it, confident in heaven: 
Vliea wav'd the wand, and then the word was given. 
Hence to thy fellows ! (dreadful she began) 381 
Go, be a beast I — ^I h«ard, and yet was man. 

Then sadden whirling, like a waving flame. 
If y beamy faldiion I tfsaault the daroe. 
Struck lAth unusual fear, she trembling criea. SM 
She faints, she fells ; she lifts her weeping eyes. 
What art thou ? say f from whence, from whCBa 
you came ? 
O more than human ! ttXl thy race, tity name. 
Amasing strength, these poisons to sustain t 
Kot mortal thou, nor mortal is thy bndn. flSO 

Or art thoa be f the man to eome (foretold 
By Hermes pow«if ul with the wand of goM), ^' 
Tlie man from Troy, who wander'd ocean touvd ; 
The man for wisdom*» various arts renownM, 
Ulysses ? Oh ! thy threatening tmry cease, 3gB 

Sheath thy bright sword, and join <fur hands U ptibel 
Let mutual joys our mutual trust emsMncr, 
And love, and love-bora eenfldcnce, be tUne. 



AOOKX TStBOBTfiSBT. «| 

And how, diwd CSim! (fntioiw I r^i«te) 
<3»D low. Mid iaTe*4iom co&fidesce b« aiiiM 1 4M 
>»na>th febj channt vbeo my ctaayBUHn groaa, 
ThatferaM to b«M4t, with accents aol thafar owb. 
O tboo of fraadfiil heart, shall I be leU 
To aSmre thy feafrt-ribea, or aacend thj bed; 
ttat, all anarm'd, tbj vengeance may have veotr 
Aad magic bind me, cold nnd impotent i 40# 

Celestial as thoa art, yat stand denied ; 
Or swear that oath by which the gods are tied* • 
BweoK, in thy soul no latent fraads remain. 
Swear by the tow which never can be vain. 4M 

The goddess swore : then seis'd my band, and led 
To the sweet transports of the genial bed. 
Miaisfitrant to their qneen, with busy care 
Fonr faithful handmaids the soft rites prepare; 414 
Xymphs sprung fit>m fountsiins, or from shady woode. 
Or the lair offspring of the sacred floods. 
One o*er the couches painted carpets threw, 
Whose purple lustre glow'd against the view : 
White linf n lay beneath. Another plac'd 
The silver stands, with golden flaskets grac'd : 48D 
With dulcet beverage this the beaker crowo'd. 
Fair in the midst, with-gilded cups around; 
That in the uipod o'er the kindled pUe 
The water pours ; the bubbling waters boil ; 
An ample vase receives the smoking wave; 4M- 

And, in the bath prepared, my limbs J lave : 
Beviving sweets repair the mind's decay. 
And take the painful sense of toil away. 
A vest and tunic o'er me next site threw, 
Fresh from the bath, and dropping balmy dew ; 490 
jl^en led and plac'd mc on the sovereign seat. 
With carpets spread ; a footstool at my feet* 
The golden ewer, a liynph obsequious brings, . 
RepUnish'd from the cool translucent iiprings: 
Wltb copious water the bright vase supplies 4S> 
A silver laver of capacious sise. * 

1 washed. The table in fair order spread. 
They heap the glittering canisters with bread >. 



Viands of inaiiOu^ \Atie» allirti} tl^e tilste» 

Of choibe»t sort ttnd istoar, rich repuit ! 4^ 

Ciree in vftiti ibVitet the fea^t to slicre; 

Absent f pdnd«r, titid tit>s6ri> id eare : 

While scenes of woe rose adxious in my br^i^y 

The que^ft beheld me, and these words addrest. 

V^hy ^tt^ U lyases Ailetkt and apart, 445 

ileine hoard of gi^ef close harboured at his heart ? 
UntoQch'd belfore thee stand the cates diTine, 
And iinregafded laughs the rosy wine. 
Can yet a doubt or any dread remain. 
If hen sworn that oath which never can be raiA ? 4jH| 

i answlsrM— Ooddess I human is my breast. 
By justice sway'd, by tender pity prest : 
111 fits it toe, whose friiindi are sunk to beasts, 
To quaff thy bowls, or riot ifl thy feasts. 4521 

Me wouM*st thou please? for them thy cikres emploj. 
And them to me restore, and toe to joy. 

With titat she parted ; in her potent hand 
She bore' the virtae of the mai;ic wand. 
Then, hastening to the stjc^, set wide the door, 
Urg'd forth, and drove the bristly herd before; 460 
Unwieldy, out they rush'd with general cry. 
Enormous Itea^s dishonest to the eye. 
Now touch'd by coonter-chartos they change fcgaiD« 
And stand majitottc, and recall'd to men. 
Those hMfs, of late that bristled every part, 405 
fall off, miraculous efFisct of art ! 
Till all the fbrto in firil proportion rise. 
More youDg, more large, more graceful to my^eyes. 
They saw, they knew me, and with eager pace 
Chiog-to their master In a long embrace : 470 

Sad, p!e<i$ing sigliti witii tears each eye ran o'er, 
And sobs of joy rt-echoc'd through the bower; 
Ev'n CHfce wept, her adamantine" heart 
Felt pity enter, and sustain*d her part. 

"Son of LaSnes ! (then the queen begaa) 4fs 

Oh much-enduring, much-exprrienc*d man ! 
Haste to tiiy vessel on the sea-beat shore. 
Unload thy treasures and (he gidley moor; 



B06k X. Tftfe ODYfiStfr.^ i^ 

Tben brin^ th j frienrfs, secure frbm l^ture Ii&nhs, 
And in <rar grottcH>s stow thy spoil* and ftrmk. 480 

She said. Oliedipnt to her high comittAnd 
I quit die place, and h&neii to the str&iid. 
M/sad companions on the beach t fotttid, 
Their wistful ejo tn flboda of sorrow drowned. 
As from fresh pastured and the dewy field 465 

CWben loaded cribs their evening banquet yield) 
The lowing herds nttnrli ; around them throng 
'Witii loaps and bounds their late imi^rlsoii'd youngj 
finsh to their mothers with unruly joy, 
And echoing hills return the tender cry : 49D 

So round me pressed, exulting at my iight. 
With cries and agonies of wild delight, 
The weeping sailors; nor le9s fierce their joy 
Tlian ifreturn'd to Ithaca from Troy. 
Ah master ! ever honour'd, ever dear ! 493 

Ciliese tender words on every side I hear) 
"What other joy can equal thy return ? 
liJot that lov*d country for whose sight we mourn. 
The soil that nursM us, and that gave us breath : 

Bat ah I relate our lost companion's death. 50O 

I answerM cherrfui. Haste, your galley moor. 

And bring our treasures and our arms ashore : 

Those in yon hollow caverns let us lay ; 

Then rise, and follow where I lead the Way. 

Tour fellows live : believe your eyes, and come 5135 

To taste the joys of Circe's sacred dome. 
"With ready speed the joyfnl crew obey ; 

Alone Eury loch us persuades their stay. 

^Vhither (he cry'd) ah whither will ye run ? 

Seek ye to meet those evils ye should shun f 510 

Will yon the terrors of the dome explore. 

In swioe to grovel, or in lions roar, 

Or wolf-like howl away the midnight hour 

In dreadful watch aiound the magic bower? ^ 

I Remember Cyclops, and his bloody deed; 515 

The leader's rasihoess made the soldiers bleed. 
I heard incens'd, and first resoIvM to speed 

My filing faulchion at the rebel's head. 



m/^ ' r'm ODT88BY. BOOK X* 

Dear m be wm, bj ties of kindred bound, 

Hiu hand had stretched him breathlees on the gro«iul» 

Bat all at once my interposiog train 521 

For mercj pleaded, nor could plead in vain. 

Leaye here the man who dares bis prince desert^ 

Leave to repentance and his own sad heart. 

To guard the ship. Seek we the sacred shades S&S 

Of Circe's palace, where Ulysses leads. 

This with one voice declar'd, the lising train 
Left the black vessel by the murmuring main. 
Shame touched Eurylodius's alter'd breast, 
He fear'd my threats, and follow'd with the rest. 530 

Meanwhile the goddess, with indulgent cares 
And social joys, the late transformed repairs ; 
The bath, the feast, their fainting soul renews; 
Rich in refulgent robes, and dropping balmy dews : 
Srightening with joy their eager eyes behold 535 
Each other's face, and each his story told ; 
Then gushing tears the narrative confound. 
And with their sobs the vaulted roofs resound. 
"When busb'd their passion, thus the goddess cries : 
Ulysses, taught by labours to be wise, 540 

Let this short memory of grief suffice. 
To me are known the various woes ye bore. 
In storms by. sea, in perils on the shore; 
Forget whatever was in Fortune's power. 
And share the pleasures of this genial hour. ' 54fr 
Such be your minds as ere ye left your coast. 
Or learn'd to sorrow for a country lost. 
Exiles and wanderers now, where'er ye go 
Too faithful memory renews yoilr woe ; 
The cause remov'd, habitual gAefii remain,, 550 

And the soul saddens by the use of pain. 

Her kind entreaty mov'd the general breast ; 
Tir'd with long toil, we willing sunk to rest. 
We pljl'd the banquet, and the bowl we crown*d, 
Till the full circle of the year came round. 555 

But when the seasons, following in their train. 
Brought back the months, the days, and hours again ; 
As from a lethargy at once they rise, 
And urge their chief with animating crievv 



Is tfaijft Ulysses, our ingloriou lot f Sfo 

And is the came ef Ithaca forgot f 
Shall never the dear land in pitwpKt rise^ 
Or the loT'd palace glitter in oar eyes f 

Melting I heard ; yet till the sun's deoliae 
Prolong'd the feast, and qnaff'd the tosy wtne: MSB 
But when the shades came on ateveoiag hour, * 
And all lay slumbering in the dusky bower; 
I came a suppliant to fair Ctrcei's bed, 
Tbe tender moment seia'd, and thus T said. 
Be mindful, goddess ! of thy promise made ; 5f« 
Must sad Ulysses ever be delay*d i . 
Anwnd thcdr lord my sad companions nonm. 
Bach breast beats homeward, anxious to return ; 
If but h moment parted from thy eyes. 
Their t^ars flow round me, ani my heart com* 

plies. ar5 

Oo then (she cry'd), all go ! yet think, not I, 
Not Circe> but the Fates, your wish deny. 
Ah hope not yet to breathe thy native air ! 
Far other journey first demands thy care ; 
To tread th' uncomfortable paths beneath, MMI 

And view the realms of darkness and of death* 
There seek theTheban bard, depriv'd'ofsight ; 
Wit^iin, irradiate with prophetic light ; 
To whom Fersepboci, entire a^ whole, 
Gaye to retain th* unseparated soul : ^85 

Tbe rest are forms, of empty ether made ; 
Impassive semblance, and a flitting shade* 

^mck St Uie wmd, my very heart was dead ; 
Pensive I sate ; my tears bedew'd the bed ; 
To bate the light and lifo my sonl begun, . S^fi 

Aad saw that all was grief beheath the sun. 
Composed at lei^th, the gushing tears aopprest, 
Aod my tost limbs now weary'd into rest, > - 

How shall I tread (1 ciy*d) ah, Circe! say. 
The dark dftoeot, and who ahall guide the ^ay }8i(fi 
Cab living eyes behold the realms brlQ#? 
What balk to waft me, and what wind te blowt . .*. 



pb ttm otivMsr. BOOK ar. 

Thy fated roAd ^the ■agie power rapl j'd) 
Divine Ulysses ! sales ao mortal guide. 
Hear but the mast, the spacioas taii display-, 0O9 
The northern wiads shall wiag thaeoa iJiy ira^. 
Soon Shalt .thoa reach old Ocean's utmost aids. 
Where to the main the shelving shore H<»y.f^^}g . 
The barren trees of Proserpine's Mack woods,. 
Poplars and willows trembttng o'«r the floods : 6M 
There fix Uiy vessel io the lonely bay» 
And enter there the kingdoms Toid'toF day : 
Wliere Phlegethon's loud torrents, rushing dowa. 
Hiss in the flaming gulf of Acheron ; 
And where, siow-roUing from the Stygian bed, <ll# 
Cocytus' lamentaMe waters spread ? 
Where the dark rock overhangs tk' Infernal lake. 
And mingling streams eternal murmurs make. 
First draw thy^falcbion, and on every side 
Trench the black earth a cubit long and wl«le; 6lS 
To all tlie shades around, libations pour. 
And o'er th' ingredients strew the hallo w'd flour: 
New wine mid milk, with hoaey-temper'd, bring ; 
ADd living water from the crystal spring. 
Then the wan shades and feebia ghosts implore, ^99 
With promis'd offerings on tiiy native shore ; 
A barren cow the stateliest of the isle. 
And, heapM wkk various wealth, a biasing pile; 
These to the rest; but to the seer must bleed ^ 
A sable ram, the pride of all thy breed. 0(§ 

These solemn vows, and holy ofleriags pmd 
To all the pfaaattmi nations of the dead ; 
Be next thy cere the aable sbeep to place 
Full o'er the pit, and heltward tnm thalr flice : 
But from th' infemid lite thine eye withdraw, 6M 
And back to Ocean glance with reverend awe. 
. Sudden shall skim along the dusky ^dea 
Thin airy shoals, and visionary shades. 
'Qif tt giva eoamiand the sacrifice ta baate, 
l«t the flayVl 'victims In the flame.be east, flg^ 

And iaered vows and mystic song applyM 
To grisly Pluto and his gloomy bride. 



Wide oVr the po«l 4b|r ftkkiam ««^ annfeid 

Shall driiFe the •|iecliw& firttoi iaiUdd«B gaooud : 

Ikt sacvfd 4c»u«ht sh*ll idl iha deMi fiMbear, <M 

!Dtl awfwl fiTMB die Alittde««nM the Mer. 

Let him, or«cui*iM» the «ad, lh« wtj. 

The tarns of aU «hy future ^«, dhfriay. 

Thy pilgriiBiige bp «WMs» aad reounot ef thjr day, 

te aiKwhiaf > inm the ntdd^ enent ahoae 645 
Biemorn, coMpftm— s as farr^eAdaa tkiOM* 
The goddess vMi-a vadtaM twDio dreat 
Hj tivtepjud o'«r mb caat a aUhaa «wt. 
Long flowing vohea, ef ;p«M8t white, amj 
Ihe nymph, thai added iiMti» to the day : Mo 

A tier lareach'il iwr head with mai^ a Md | 
Her waste was circled with a zone of gold. 
Forth issuing then, from place to place I flew ; 
Aouse man by man> and animate my crew. 
Bise, rise, my mates ! 'tis Circe gives command : 6SS 
Oar journey calls us : baste, and quit the land. 
All rise and follow, yet depart not all, 
For fate decreed one wretched man to fall. 

A youth there was, Elpenor was he nam'd, 
Not mach for sense, nor much for courage fam'd : 
The youngest of our hand, a vulgar soal, 661 

Born but to banquet, and to drain the bowl. 
He, hot and careless, on a turret's height 
With sleep repaired the long debauch of night : 
The sadden tamult stirr'd him where he lay, 66ft 
And down he hasteu'd, but forgot the way ; 
Foil endlong from the roof the sleeper fell. 
And snapp'd the spinal joint, and wak'd in hell. 
The rest crowd rnand me with an eager look; 
I met them with a sigh, and thus bespoke. 670 

Already, friends ! ye think your toils »re o'er, 
Yonr hopes already touch your native shore: 
Alas ! far otherwise the nymph declares, 
• Far oihel* journey fiist demands oor cares ; 
To tread th' uncomfortable paths beneath, 675 

The dreary realms of darkness and of death ; 



99 THB ODTSSBSY. BOOK ^- 

To seek TbwiM* avf al shade below, 

And thence our fortnnes and oar fstes to know. 

My sad eompeidons heard in deep despair; 
Frantic they tore their manly growth of hair ; 600 
To earth they fell : the tears began to rein ; 
But tears in mortal miseries are vain. 
Sadly they far*d along the sea4>eat shore; 
9tUl heavVl their hearts* and still their eyes ran o*m-. 
Tiie ready victims at onr bark ve found, HOB 

The sable ewe and ram« ti^ether bound. 
For swift as thought the goddess had been tiiere. 
And theaoe had glided, viewless as the air : 
The paths of gods what mortal can survey ? 
Who eyes their motion i who shall trace their way f 



THB 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK 2U. 



ARGUMENT. 

The Dacent into BM., 

Ulysses continaes his narration. How he arrived at 
the land of the Cimmerians, and vhat ceremoniev 
he performed to invoke the dead. The manner of 
his descent, and the apparition of the shades : hi« 
conversation with Elpeuor, and with Tiresias, who 
informs him iii a prophetic manner of his fortunes 
to come. He meets his mother Anticlea^ from 
whom he learus the state of his family. He sees 
the shades of the ancient heroines, afterwards of 
^ heroes, and converses in particular with Ag** 
memnon and Achilles. Ajax keeps at a sullen dis- 
tance, and disdains to answer him. He then b^ 
holds Tityus, Tantalus, Sysiphus, Hercules ; till 
be is deterred from farther cariosity by the tppft- 
rition of horrid spectres, and the ciies of th« 
wicked in torotents. 



[ tT4 1 
BOOK XI. 

'^'OW to the shores we b«tid, a monrnful train, 
^■^ Climb the tall bark, and launch into the main : 
At once tlie mast we rear> at once unbind . 
The spacious sheet, and stretch it to the wind : 
Then pale and pensive stand, with cares oppress $ 
And solemn* horror saddens every breast. 
A freshening breeze the magic power* supply*d. 
While the winged vessel flew along tl.e tide; 
Our oars we shipped : ^all day the swelling sails 
Full from the guiding pilot catch'd the gales. 10 

Now sunk the sun from his aerial height. 
And o*er tha shaded billows rush'd th« mgbtf 
When lo ! we reach'd old Ocean's utmost boands, 
Where rocks controul his waves with cver-dariog 
mounds. 

There in a lonely land, and gloomy cells, 15 

The dusky nation of Ctmmrria dwells; 
The snu 'ne*«r views th* uncomfortable seats. 
When radiant he advances, or retreats : 
tTnhappy race ! whom endless night invades. 
Clouds the dull air, and wraps them round in shades. 

The ship we moor on these obscure abodes; Si 
Disbark the sheep, an offering to the gods ; 
And, hell ward bending^, o'er the beacli descry 
The dolesome pa<sag;e to th* infernal sky. 
"llie \'lctlms, vow'd to each Tartarean power, 8S 
Eurylochus and Perimedes bore. 
■ tt«»re open'd h«ll, all hell I here implor*d. 
And from the scabbard drew the shining sword : 
And trenching the black esrth on every side, 
A catena fornv'd, a cubit long and wide. 30 

UTeVwine, %ith hOney-t6tiipcr*d milk, tve bring, 
Then living waters from (he cryst.:l spring: 
0*er these was strew'd tite ronsecrated flour. 
And on the suiface shone the holy store. 
JNEqw the wfua shades we hail, ib* infernal gods, SS 
To speed our course, and waft us o'er Ihe floods : 

• Circe. 



BOOK XL m ovtmxt. m 

So. jriMfM a teirott taMfo ftMilii^ vtaH 

Beneati^ tiM knife mfou joar alttn laU ; 

So in our palace, at oar safe laUUBt 

«ich with oiiaaaibar'dglfto the piiaaballkora; 4D 

So shall a nun, the lMrge»t of the brMd, 

Black as thana re^ioas to Tkaffias bleed. 

Thus doteoRn rites and holj tows we paid 
To all the phanfeoM-aatkas ti the dcad« 
Thea dy*d the sheep : a pvrpie torraat ilow'd* 4i 
And all the cat ems ttaok'd wiih straaiateg Moo*. 
Wh^, lo ! appear'd atoaf the dusky oaastSy 
Thin, aii-j sheaia of fisionary i^ioMs t 
fair, pensive yoatha, and soft enamaar'd mai^ ; 
And wither'd elders, pale and wrialiled shades ; 90 
Ghastly with woands the fom» of waniovs slain ' 
Stalk*d with majestic port, a oiartial icaiaf 
These and a tboasaad noieswana^d o'ar the gloand. 
And all the dke assenUy ahriek'd around. « 
Astonished at the sight* aghast 1 stood, tf 

And a cold fear raa shivering tbrough ay bIood> 
Straight I cainmNttd the sacrlfioa .to haste, 
Stcaight the flaj'd victims to the flames are cast. 
And mntter'd vows, and mystic song a|fply'd. 
To grisly PltttD, and his gloomy bride. <to 

Vow swift I wav'd my falcktoa o*er the blood ; 
Back atarted the pale thiongs, and tremUin# itaodb 
Roand the blaek tiench ti^e gore antasted dons; • 
Till awfal from the shades llreaaas tose. 

There wandering throagb the gloom I ih»tsnsvey*d, 
Vow to the realms ol deatl^ Blpeaof's shade : 6ft 
His cold, remains all naked to die sky 
On distant shores amrept, unburied lie* . . 
Sad at the.sif bt T %i»Mkd, derp fix'd in Mum, ^ > • ' 
And ere, I spcdM the teavs besron to ftow^' ' . 7A 

O say what aogry power filpaaor led ' 

To glide in shades, aad wander with the deadi . :1 
How could thy soul, by realms and seas dihjoiB*d, 
Ootfly the nimble ssil, and.leayd the hiffgini wipdf 
The ghost feply'd : to bell A^dooih* I owe^ <fA 
fifemons acanfs^ dire mwmters 6f icele L 



■ wti «. 



1 



n6 THE oi^TKET. BOOK xr. 

Xy feat, thronghwine QafMftbfdl to their weight, 

Betny'd me tambKng froin a towery bei^t, 

Staggering I reelM, and as I leel'd I fell, 

JEAx^d the neck-joiDt—iny soul deseends to hell. 80 

But lend me aid, I now conjure thee lend. 

By the soft tie and sstcred name of friend ; - 

By thy fond contort ! hy Ay fether's cans! 

By lovM Telemachus's blooming yearB I 

Vor well I Icnow that M)on the heavenly powere 8S 

wm give thee back to day, and Circe's shores : 

There pioos on ay cold remains attend. 

There call to mind thy poor departed friend. 

The tribute of a tear is all I craT^ 

And the possession of a peaceful grave. 9^ 

But if, unheard, in vain compassion plead, 

B«vere the gods, the gods avenge the dead I 

A tomb along the watery maigin raise. 

Hie tomb wiih manly aims and trophies graeti 

To show posterity Elpenor was. 9ft 

There Itigh in air, memorial of my name. 

Fix the smooth o«r, and bid me live to feme. 

To whom with tears sNThese rites, oh asearaAsI 
shade, 
D^ to thy ghost, shall to thy ghost be paid. 

£iU as. I spoke the phantom seem*d to moan, 100 
Tear followed tear, and groan sncceeded groan. 
But, as my waving sword the blood surrounds. 
The shade withdrew, and muttered empty sowkds. 

There a.s the wondrous visions I snrvey'd. 
All pale ascends my roya! mother's shade: tOf 

A queen, to Troy she saw our legions pass^ ' 

Kow a thin form is all Aiiticlen was I 
Struck at the sifcht, I melt with filial woe. 
And down my oheek the pious sorrows flow. 
Yet as I shook my felchion o'er the blood, . UO 
RegardlesB of her son tim parent stood. 

.When lo ! the mighty Theban I be!u>ld ; 
Tb' guide his steps he bora a staff of gold ; 
AVful he. trod. I majestie was his look ! 
And from his koly lips theet aeeeat* broke : }IS 



B90K XL nas cwauET. * in 

Wfaj. MMCtely irwKlifaMAlwa ^on chewfU day; 
To tf ead Uie ^p/mxmurA^ nelaocholy vaj ? 
'What angrj (oda to tteaa dark t^ioas led 
Tbaa y^ aliy^ inmyiawhwi oftba dead i IJ9 

Bat sheath^ thy imiiiaid, -vfaUe.ipy toogua velatee ' 
HeaY««^ staad£BM pupoao^aad thy futaia fatee. 

While yai he tfokA, «faa prophat I obay'd. 
And in the scabhard phng'd the gKtceiing hiada: 
Bafar h» ^h*^^^ *^* f"^ *■<* li't^o cxprast 
Dark thkifa ta«QBu» th« counaaia of hla braait : Ifli 

Weary of light, Uiyaaee bace eapioffas, 
A pceafwaana vafiftt to his nattra-sborM ; 
But know— by me aaening Fatat diMlase 
Hew trains fii dattgars, and saw aoanas of voat ; 
I see, I sea, thy bark ii^ Veptwie lost^ IM 

For injured C^oiops, and iiis aya4>all4oat 1 
Yet to tbij woas the gods dacra»aa aad, 
If heavaa tkaa please, aad how ta please attead I 
Where on Trinacciaii sacks tha oceaa roars, 134 

Qcaae nomeraoalitrda along the verdaut shores; 
Thpgf h hsMfar press, yat fly the daogerons proy. 
The herds are sacred to the god of day, 
Who all sutvays vith his estamive eye 
Above, beAev, on eartfa, Aod in the sky i 
mb aettbe ffod : and so propitlaas gales 140 

Attend thy voyage, aad impel thy sails: 
But, if his:hcfda ye saiae, beneath the waves 
1 see thy frieods ar'arwhelm'd in-4i<{nid graves f 
Iha disefial -voack U^yaaas sttarte sarvives i. 
Ulysses at his coaatiy searee arrives : H6 

Strangers <thy gaides 1 nar-tiiere thy laboars end, 
MQW.ioea arise» domcatic ills attend I 
There foul adnkeren to thy bride resort, 
Attd lordly gtettoas rlatin thy.eourt. 
Bat vengeance haales amain I These eyes behold 
The dcatbifal scene, ^i&»«s on^lnres 'roU'd t 161 
That done, a people far IWmb sea explore, 
Who ne*er knew salt, nor heard the Mllows rosr, 
Or s^ gagi «essel stem the watery plsfa, 
ii<paialad.w«Bdar tyiog«n the main I id* 



■«, 



t 

f Yi TBE OSYKET. MOK XI. 

hear oo thy back an oar : /wiUft atnuiie itnase 
A shepherd meeting thee, the oar aurveya, ■ 
And names a van : tiiere fix it on the plain. 
To calm the god that hoida the watery reign ; 
A tlueeidtd offering to hi» altar briagp , i(Jo 

A hull, a ram, a bow ; a nd, ha i l the ooeao king. 
But, home retnm'd, to each etherial power 
Slay the due victim in the genial lioort • 
So peaceful slia!i then end thy blissfnl d^ys. 
And steal thyself frees lifs by slow doeaya.; ]^ 
Unknown to pain, in age resign diy breath. 
When late stem Neptnne points the shaft with deitti 
To the dark grave retiring as to rest. 
Thy people blessing, by thy people Meet ( 

Unerring truths, oh man, my 4ips rnlate, 170 

This is thy life to coaie, and this is fiMe. 

To wHom .unmoved : If this the goda prepare; 
What heaven ordains, the wise with coninge bpar. 
But say, why yonder on the lonely strands, 
Unmindful-of her son, Anficlea stands ? 175 

Why to the ground she bends her downeaat eye ? 
Why is she silent, while her son is nigh J 
The latent cause, oh sacred seer reveal I 

17or this, replies the aser, will I conceal. 
JCnow, to thn spectares, that thy beverage tast% 18§ 
The scenes of life itenr, and aetiena past : 
They, seal'd with troth, return tbeaare reply; 
The rest, repell'd, a train oblifviotts Ay. 

The phaAtom-propbct ceaa'd, and anak firom sight 
To the black palace of eternal .night. laS 

Still in the dark«bodee of death I stood. 
When near Antidea inev*d, and dcank the Mood. 
Straight all th^mether in her soul awakes. 
And, owning her Ulysees, thus she apeaka. 
Coni'st thou, my son, alive, to realms beneath, 1^ 
The doleiome realms of darkness and of death ? 
Com*st thou alive from pute, etherial day ? 
Dire is th« region, dismal ia the way t ^ 

Here lakes jirofopnd, there floods oppose tMr v«w«, 
Tliere thewMt»e»withaUbis#iiAMstiM«»!.. #|i 



BOCnC Jd. VBE OOTSSEr. Iff 

Or (since to dust piood Troy •nboito her toiren) 
Comsat thon a wanderor from tik« PhrygUa shores^ 
Or say, uoee bonoar caU'd tbee to the field. 
Hast thoQ thy Ilhaca, thy bride beheld ? 

Source of my life, I cry'd, from earth 1 liy tOO' 
To Mak TireeiaB in the nether sky» 
To learn my doom ; for, toae'd from woe to woe. 
In erery land Ulysses finds a foe : 
Kor have tiiese eyes behdd my native shores, 
Sb^a in the dast prond Troy sobmits her towers. 905 
Bat, when thy sonl from her sweet maosion fled^ 
Say, wliat distemper gave tiiee to the dead ? 
Has life's fur lamp dedin'd by slow decays, 
Ot swift ezpir'd it in a sudden blase i 
Say, itmy sire, good old Laertes, lives? tlO 

If yet Telemachtts, my son, survives? 
Say, by his rule is my dominion awM, 
Or crushed by traitors wito an iron rod ? 
Say, if my spouse maintains her royal trust ; 
Though tempted, chaste, and obstinately just ? 2l§ 
Or if no more her i^ent lord she wails. 
But the false woman Ver the wife prevails i 

Thus I, and thus the pareiitoshade returns; 
Thee, ever titee, thy fauthful consort mourns ; 
Whedier the night descends, qr day prevails, SM 
Tbee she by night, and thee by day bewails. 
Tbee in Telemaehos thy realm obeys ; 
In sacred groves celestial rites he pays, 
Aad shares the banquet in superior stete, 
l^rac'd with such honours as beconse the great. tt5 
Thy sire in solitude foawnts his- care : 
The court is joyless, for thou art not there ! 
Ko costly carpets ndse his hoary head, 
Ho rich embroidery shines to grace his bed ; 
Sv'n when Iceen winter freeses in the skies, 030 
Raak'd with his slaves, on earth the monarch Itett 
Deep are his sighs, his visage pale, his dress 
The garb of woe and habit of distress* 
Aad when the autumn takes his a«iual round. 
The iea^ hoaouia scattering oo the ground i 



i^t xHe ^VYBKsr. JBOOH act . 

Begardlcas of bis years, sIm'oimL lie Ue#» 
His bed the leav6S| his canopjF the akies:* 
Thus cares od cares: hts paioful ibys conanne. 
And bow his ago .with sorrow to ^b9 tomb I 

For thee, my son, I wept my life ftwaQT; S40 

For thee through hell*s eternal dongeonf ste^: 
Nor came my &te by lingering pa&na aad slow. 
Nor bent the silver-^shafbad queen her bow ; 
No dire disease bereaved me of my breath ; 
Tboa^ thon, my son, wert my disease and death ; 9M 
Unkindly with my love my son ooiupiff'd, 
For tiiee I liv'd, for absent thee ezfir'd. 

Thrice in my arms I strove her shade to bind. 
Thrice through my arms she slip t like empty uriad^ 
Or dreams, the vain illusions of the mijid. sso 

Wild with despair, I shed a copioos tide 
Of fiowing tears, and tinis with siglis repiy'd. 

Fly'st Ihou, loVd shade, wiiile I thus fondly mQuntf 
Turn to my arms, to my embraces iorn I 
Is it, ye powers that smile at human harms I S55 
Too great a bliss to weep within her arms? 
'^r has httU's queen an empty image sent. 
That wretched I aright ev'n my jetys lament ? 

O son of tree, the penaive shade rejoin'd, 
O most innr*d to grief of all mankind 1 •fifi 

Tis not the queen of hell who thee deceivea; 
All, all are such, when life tiia body leaves : 
No more the subatanee of the man remains. 
Nor bounds the blood along the purple veins: 
These the funereal flames in atoms bear, Sft 

To wander with the wind in empty air : 
While the iihpaMive soul reluctant flies, 
Like a vain dream, to these iaferniri skies. 
But from the dark dominioaa speed thy way. 
And climb the steep ascent to upper day $ tfO 

To thy chaste bride the wondrows story tell. 
The woes, the horrors, aad the laws of hell. 

Thus while she spoke, in swarms bell's emprtts 
brings 
Daught^ aod wives of herona and of kihgsi Zpk 



BOOS XI. TBS omnaBn i«i 

lUdc and nmm ikkektbitf gMbw rtowi lh» blMd, 
OkMt thmag'4 oa ghost (a din MMMlMy) ttooA ! 
DaonUcas Biy avenl I Miae ; tho airy eitm, 
Smitt as it flaiVd mkomg. tlM gl«on, -MtlMlriw ; 
13wD ahad« to alndo in ttouiol AnriM s«e<iMdi« 
Hor raee rocovma, and tiioir IH ostfioiss deada . nfc 

Tyro bogoB) ^Hiom gMat fiklnfoaoua brad ; 
The rojal ^pattaer dt faai*d Crethova* bad. 
For fair Enf peM, as froto IrvUM oroa 
He iMora hAs wmtery stor^ life Tirgin bmh»i 
Smooth floors ibo gohtio atraaai iritb waMOil pri«le^ 
And in soft amseo folto « »ilfr«r tide. 996 

As on his baaka the maid eaiminiir*d roir«ft, 
The monarch of the deep boholds and lovea ! 
In her Enipens* form ami borrow'd ohatms, 
The anonras god descends into her Mtns ; C90 

Aronndt n spacions arch of vsres he thmw8» 
And high in air the liqnid «sotf ntaln rose ^ 
Thus in sutronndtog iloods eontiieard He jirt>Tdft 
The plstsing transporf, and toNiplelM Ms lei^i. 
Thsn, softly sighing, he thd ffsir addr«8t, S9I 

And as be spetehur t«ntl0r hand he pr«sC« 
Hail, happy nymph ! no twigaf biflhs a^e ow*d 
To the pirMite rapturei «^a gidi 
iM \ When ninn times the ttMK>n hbsmws her h«rn. 
Two brother heroes shall ffwn thee be born ; sot 
Thy early care tho'fystnr^ wwrthiee clalm^ 
To point them to chb vrdnoas paths of fame ; 
Bnt in thy breast tif Important truth conceal, 
Xor dare the secret of a god reveal i 
Vhr know, thott NeptdnevieW'st! and at my ndd 901 
Earth trembles, niid the #««es cbBA*ss their god. 

He addi^lt b«C^ btt ftaonttlingr •)>tt'A*^ the'plnfn, 
Tlien pliiog'd tnt# the chambers of the malb. 

Kow in thetlm^s fbtt prooess forth she brings 
Jisve's dread yiCis;:etfeilts iid two fatnre kings ; Sltl 
O'er pr0tt4 lolcos VttliAs str«tchM his heigii; 
And godUfc* ITMens rhl'd Vb€ Pyilan ptain : 
Then, frnitftrl, to hrr Crelhens* roysl bed 
She gnltdac Fherea stad fiim'd Sson br«d: 



|8t TRS ODTBSBT. BOOK 3K 

Ftom tlM SMM fettntain AmylibMtt rote^ «if 

neaa'd with the dio of war, and noble thoat of i 

There mov'd Antiop^, with haughty d 
Who Meat th* Almighty Thunderef'in her 
Hence tpraBg Amphion» hence brave 2ethn» 
Founders of Tbeb<», and men of. mighty name ; Md 
Though bold in open field, they yet surroand 
The town with wadls, and mound inject on monnd ;' 
Here ramparts stood^ there towers rose high in air» 
And here thro* seven wide portals msh'd the war.i : 

There mth soft step the fair Alcmena trod, MS. 
Who bore Alcides to the thundering god : 
And Megara* who eharm'd the son of Jove, 
And softened his stem soul to tender Joveu 

Sullen and sour with discontented mien 
Joessttt frownM, th' incestuous Thebao queen; SSO 
With her own son she join*d in nuptial bnods. 
Though rather*s blood imbrued his murderous handnt 
Tlie gods and men the dire offence detest. 
The gods with »11 their fvtries rend his breast ; 
In lofty Thebes he wore th' imperial crown, 333 
A pompous wretch ! accurst upon a throne. 
The wife self-murder'd from a beam depends. 
And her foul soul to blackest heU desetnds ; 
Thence to her son the choicest plagnes she brings, 
Ai^d the fiends haunt him with « thoosaad stinge. 

And now the beauteous Chloris I descry, 341 
A lovely shade, Ampbion*s youngest joy 1 
With gifts unnumber'd If eleus sought her anoM, 
VoT paid too dearly for uneqmdVd charms ; 
Great in Orcbomehos, in Pyloft great* 3«i 

He sway'd the sceptre wUh imperial ftatie. 
Three gallant sons the joyf«l. monarch told* 
Sage Nestor, Peridimenus the bold. 
And Chromius last; but of the sofi»r race. 
One nymph alone, a miracle of grace* 3M 

Kings on their thrones for lovely Feio buvn ; 
The sire denies, and kings rejected mourn. 
To him alone the beauteous priae he yields, 
'Whose arm ihqnld ravish fnm Fhy]ad«o folda 



n. TBS ODTannr. h$ 

The herds of Tpbydut, detein'd in wnrnfi S5S 

WUd, Airions bcsdp, nnooaqnerably ttreog t 
This da^ s seer» but nevght tiie seer prevails. 
In beauty's cause illustriously he fidto ; 
Tw^TO moons the foe the captive youth detaiss 
In painful dungeons, and eoereiTe chains; JM 

The foe at last, from durance vhere he lay, 
^s art rerecing , gare him back to day { 
Won by prophetic knowledge, to fuliil 
The sledfast pnipose of tfa' Almi^ty will* • 

With graceful port advancing now I spy'd S65 
I/eda t:ie &ir, the godlike Tyudar's bride : 
Hence Pollux sprung, who wields with furious sway 
Tlie deathful gauntlet matchless in the fray ; 
And Castor glorious on th* embattled fdain 
0)rbs the proud steeds, reluetaftnt to the rein : 3741 
By turns they visit this etimial aky^ 
And live alternate, and alternate die ; 
In hell beneath, on earth, in heaven above. 
Reign the twin-goda, the &yourite sons of Jove. 

There Ephimedia trod the gloomy plain, 375' 

Who charm'd the monarch of the boundless main 9 ' 
Hence Sphialtes ; hence stern Otos sprung. 
More fierce than giants, mere tinn giants strong ; 
The earth o'erburden'd groau'd beneath their weight, 
Kone but Orion e*er surpassed their height; 3M 
Tlie wondfrons youths had sc»ee mne winters told. 
When high in air, tremendous to behold, 
Vine ^1« alctft they reared their toweiing head, 
And full nine cubits broad their shoidders spread. < 
jBteud of their strength, and more than mortal ^06, 
The gods they challenge, and affact the skies : 986 
Heav*d on Olympns tottering Ossa stood; 
On Osaia, Pelion nods with «U his wood. 
Such werertfaey youths I had they to manhood grown^ 
iHtoigbty Jove had trembled on his throne-; 390 
But, ece. the harvest of the beard began 
To bristle on the ohioyand promise men. 
His shafts Apollo aim'd; atonoe they, sound, . • l 
4«d ftMleb. Ike ci»nt asDnste^s oier^Hm grounds 494 
» . '.■■.. -c . !; iV 



m$ mft a!>iBm.T. book jtr. 

There mvurnfialYlUbdm vUfatad Vrocrit ibovm. 
Both boRttteoM irtiadeft» both bsfrtctt in Aeir loves ; 
Aod jMtfr them waHc'd, villi aolenn p«oe «a4 bIow^' 
Sad Ariadne, pertner of Omkr woe: 
Hie m^ttl Minos Ariadne tsted, 
6be Theseus lo«*d, from Crate vith ISieeeus fted : 
Swift to the Bian kle «he heto Hies, 401 

And tow'rds his Athens bears the lowly prtA; 
There Bacchus with fiove cage Biana 4r€«, 
Hie goddess aiipsbcr abaft, the nyfaph expires. 

There JOijmeaA and Mora 1 4)ehold, 405 

There EripkylA weeps, who loosely sold ' 

Her Jerd, her benour, ier the lost of gold. 
But sbQold I ail recount, the night would fail^ 
Unequal to the neUneboly talef 
Apd aii-composing mat my oatote crvres, 410 

Here in the court, or .yonder .on tbew^Tes; 

In you I truftf, and ia die'hea)irsnly powers; 
To land V Isfv^es on Us native shoves. 
He oeas'd ; but left so ^hattniag on their ear 

f)is voice, that listening still they soemM to hear, 415 

lill, riling up, Ateti sUcnoei»rok«, 

Stretch'd ont her snewy band, and thus she spoke : 
- 'What woodroos man Heaven sends «s to eor gueet ! 

Through all- his woes f ho hero shines ooofsst; 

His comely port, his ample ftnme exprass 480 

A nmnly air, majestie in ^cHstress. 

He, as my giaesc, is my peculiar enre : 

Tou ehace tin pieaswne, then in (HMmty ahnre^ 

To worth in nnaery, * ntfwvente pay, 

AadwkhagMMroushandMWvdbisstoy; " «» 

|9Br since kind faewr^iwflb wealth e«r reatan bnstlest, 

Oive it to Heaxren, by ntding the distrest. 
Tlien sage Schenens, whose gtwre reverend brow 

The band of tisM had tfilver*d o'er with soow, 

•future ia wisdom rose : Tour words, be cries, 4Sli 

Demand obedienee, far your worda are wise. 

But let our. ting direet the gknionf -Way 

To gentaons a0s{ our -pmt Is' to obey. 

: ..wmialifii UtaoM tbeaa-llmbs (i*o4ing4npl>0*V 

Well to deserve, be all my carti employ'd ; 435 



BDDK Xr. THB OSTfiSSr. Mf 

Bot here this uglit the lojel gvest detafa, 

TOl the son flaiaet along th' etheriat plain. 

Be it m J task to send with ample stores 

!rhe stranger from our bospitahle shores: 

IVead yon my steps ! *l'is mine to lead the race, MO 

The first in glory, as, the first in place. 

To whom the prince. This night with joy I stay; 
O monarch great io virtue as in sway i 
If thoa the circling year my stay controaly ' 
To raise a bounty nohle as thy soul ; 445 

Hie circling year I wait, with ampler stores 
And fitter pomp to hail my native sh<nres: 
Then by my realms dae homage would be paid; 
For wealthy kings are loyally obey'd ! 

O king ! for such thou arl^ and sure thy blood 450 
Tliroagh vr ins (he cry'd) of royal fathers ilowM ; 
Unlike those vagrants whe on falsehood live, 
Skill'd in smooth tales, and aKful to deceive ; 
Thy better soul aUiors the liar's part. 
Wise is thy voice, and noble is thy heatt, 496 

Thy words like music every breast cootroul, 
Steal through the ear, and win upon the soul ; 
Soft, as some song divine, thy story flows, 
ISor better could the Muse record thy woes. 

But say,%pon the dark and dismal coast, 46o 
flnw*st thou the worthies of the Grecian host ? 
The godlike leaders wlu>, in battle slain, 
Frtl before Troy, and nobly prest the plidn ? 
And lo ! a length of night b^ind remains. 
The evening stars still mount the etherial plains. 4^ 
Thy tale with raptures I could hear thee toll. 
Thy woes on earth, tlie wondrous scenes in hell. 
Till in the vault of heaven the stars decay. 
And the sky reddens with the rising day. 

O worthy of the power the gods assiga*d 474 

{Ulysses thus replies), a king in mind t 
Since yet the early hour of night allows • 
Time for discourse, and time for soft repose. 
If scenes of misery can entertain, 
Weei I «Bfold» of woes a dismal kcaia, 471 



m T8B 0]>inBSET, BOOKZi. 

Prepare to lieer of BuivdBr a«4 «f Ueod i 
Of godlike heroe» -who uoiniwr'd ailo«4 
Amidst a war of ap e«r» in foreign k«4s» 
Yet bled at boiae» an^ bjed b^ femaW huMto> 

Horn aopqaoA'a Preacarpine to heU't black ]»aU 489 
The heroine shades ; tljey vMUh'd ac her call. 

When lo ! advanced the fon»t of heraea alain 
By stern Agysthna, a majeatie trail. 
And high above the ffeat» Atridas praat tha plain. 
Ho qnaff'd tlie gore; aad straight his 8ol4ier 

knew, 4M 

And from his eyas poar'd dawn the Iteder deiw ; 
His arms he streteb'd ; his arwa the toueh deeeive, 
Nor in the fond, emhraea, embraces give ; 
His substance ▼aniah'd, and his strength decay'd^ 
Now all Atrides is an empty shade* 490 

Mov'd at the sight, I for a space resigned 
To soft affliction all my manly mind ; 
At last with tqars—O what reUatlesa doom. 
Imperial phantom, bow'd thee to the tomb ? 
Say while ^he aea, and while tha tempest ravea, 4^8 
Has Fate oppress'd thee in the roaring wavea. 
Or nobly seis'd thee in the dire alarms 
Of war and slaughter, and the olash of arsss ? 
The ghost returns : O chief of hamaa %iwd. 
For active courage and a patittftt mind ; 600 

Nor while the sea, nor while the tempest ravea^ 
Has Fate oppress'd me on the roariug waves ; 
Nor nobly seix'd me in the dire alarms 
Of war and slaughter, and the clash of arms* 
Stabb'd by a marderous hand Atcides dy'd, AOf 

A foul adulterer, and a faithless bride ; 
£v*n in my mirth, and at the friendly feast. 
O'er the full bowl, the traitor stabb d his gueat) 
Thus by ^e gory arm of slaughter falls 
The stately ox, and bleeds within the stalls. 5UI 
But not with ne tlie direful murder ends. 
These, these expirM! their crime, they were mf 

friends : 
Thick as the bears, which seme Inxurioas lord 
Kills for the feast, to crown the nuptial board. 



BOOK Xi* IBS ODYSSET. ng 

WlKn WW bat tlnia4er*d wHhtta iMdast ttonM, $U 

I>eath thou hati ae«a to all her gfaaatfy fonw( 

lu duel laet her oo th« Uated gtouad, 

When hand to haad they mtnamd retkam for wovad | 

But Dever have thj ejes astoabh'd vitw'd 

a»vileadeedraodiAaacaneofbkiod« fitt 

^^a fai th* flaw of joj, vbeo ftov the b«vl 

43 lows in o«r Teiae, and «>peDa wery soul. 

We groan» irerfBiot ; vith blood the dome it djr'd^ 

And o*«r the parenaat floats tto^lreadAil tid»^ 

nar breast all' gore» with laaieBtaUe riiaa^ tf25 

The bleeding ianoceat Gasaaadra diaa ! 

Then though pale death froae cold in every vtin^ 

My sword I strive to wield, bnt atriTa in vain; 

Ker did my traitrsis wife these eye^lids close. 

Or decently in death my limbs compoee. SM 

O woman, woman, when to ill thy mind 

Is bent, all hell oontains no fouler tend : 

And such was aslne i who basely plnng'd her aword 

Through the fond boaom where she reign'd adoi^'d ! 

Alas ! I hop'd, the tails of war overcome, MS 

To meet soft quiet and rspOse at home !< 

Deluaire hope ! O wife, thy deeds disgrace 

The perjnr*d sex, and Uacfcen all the nwe ; 

And Aould posterity one virtuous find* 

STame Clytemnestra, they will rurse the kind. 54fl 

. O injur'd shade, I cry*d, what mighty woea 

To thy imperial race from woman rose ! 

By woman here thou treadtt thb mournAtl strand. 

And Greece by woman lies a desert land. 

Wam*d by my ills beware, the shade replies^ Mi 
Kor trust the sex that is so larely wise ; 
When earnest to explore thy secret breast, 
XTnfoId some trifle, but conceal the rest. 
But in thy consort cease to fear a foe, 
Vor tliee. she fieels siaoesity of woe : Mi 

When Troy first bled beneath tlie Grecian arms, 
She shone unrivaird with a blaae of charms ; 
Thy infant son her lirattraat bosom prest. 
Hung a» her knee, or wavtoi^d at her breast ; 



m THE ODTSSET. BOOS XR 

^t now tbe jwnrs a tivmerous train htTe ran : S90 

The blooming boy is ripeii*d into man : 

Thj eyes sh^U see him burn with noble fire. 

The sire shall bless his son, the son Iris sire: 

But my Orestes never met these eyes, 

"inthout one IpoIk the mnrderM father dies ; 06(^ 

Then from a wretched friend tlus wisdom learn, 

£Vn to thy qveen disgnis'd* unknown, return; 

For since of womankind so fisw are just, . 

Think all are false, nor eVn tfao fbitbfol trast. 

Bat say, resides my son in royal port, MV 

In rich Orcbomenos, or Sparta's court ? 
Or say in Fyle ? for yet he views tiie light, 
ITor gUdes a phantom tkirougb tbe realms of night. 

Then I : thy suit is vain, nor can I say 
If yet he breathes in realms of cheerful day ; Sf^ 
Or pale or wan briiolds tiiese nether skies : 
Truth I revere, for wisdom never lies. 

Thus in a tide of tears our sorrows flow. 
And add new horror to the reatms of woe ; 
Till side by side along the dreary coast 0^5 

Advanced Achilles* and Patroelus* ghost, 
A friendly pair I near these the Fyjian* stray*d 
And towering Ajax, an illusUious shade ! 
War was his joy, and pleas'd w\th loud alarms, 
Kone but Pelides brighter ^one in arms. £60 

Through tlie thick gloom bis friend Achilles knew. 
And as he speaks the tears descend in dew. 

Com*st thou alive to view the Stygian bounds, 
Where the wan spectres walk eternal rounds ; 
Kor fear^t the dark and dismal waste to tread, 9B0 
Throttg'd with pale ghosU, ^miliar with the doad^ ' 

To whom with sighs : I pass these dreadful gatM 
To seek tbe Theban, and consult tKe Fates : 
For still, distrest, I rove from coasC to coast* - 
Ijost to my Mends, and to my country lost, 5011 
But sure the eye of Time beholds no name 
So blest aa thine inidl the rolls of fiune ; 
Alive we hail'd thee with our guardian gods, 
.And dead thoa rurst a king In these aibodn* 

• Antiiofbot. 



BOOK 21. THS 01>T88BT. »f 

Talk not of ruling in this dolorow f lo«a> 80$ 
VoT think vaia words (he cried) caa ease my dooiA* 
Bather I choose laboriously to besr , 
A weight of woes, and breathe the ▼ital ur, 
A slave to some poor hind that toils for hread ; 
Xban reign the scepter'd monarch of the dead. 600 
Bat say, if in my steps my son proceeds^ 
And emttlates his godlike fathei^s deeds i 
If at the clash of arms, and shout of foes. 
Swells his bold heart, his bosom nobly glows i 
igjt if my sire, the reverend Felens reigns, (Sof 
Great in his Ftbia, and his throne maintaiJks i 
Or, weak and old, my youthful arm demands* ' 
To fix the sceptre steadfast in his hands i 
O might the lamp of life rekindled burn. 
And death release me from the silent urn { dtO 

This arm, that thunder'd o'er the Phrygian, plain. 
And swell'd the .ground with mpuutains of the slain» 
Should vindicate my injnr'd father's fame. 
Crush the proud rebel, and assert his claim. 

Illustrious shade (I cried), of Peleus* fates 6l5 
Ko circumstance the voice of Fame relates : 
But hev with pleas'd attention the rem»wn» 
The wars and wisdom of thy gallant son. 
With me from Scyros to the field of fame 
Hadiant in armf the blooming hero came. 6M 

Wbenr Greece assembled all her hundred states, 
To ripen counsels, and decide debates. 
Heavens I how he charm'd us witii a flow of sense, 
And won the heart with manly eloquence i 
Be first was seen of all the peers to rise, GUti 

The third in wisdom where th^y all were wise ; 
B«t when, to try the fortune of the day. 
Host mov'd tow'rd host in terrible array. 
Before the van, impatient for the fight, 
With martial port be strode, and stern delight ; €-30 
Heaps strew'd on heaps, beneath his falchion groan'dt 
And monuments of dead deform'd the ground. 
The time would fail, should I in order tell 
TV^hat foes were vanquish'd, and what aumbert fell : 



I0i TBB ODTKKT. IMOK »r. 

Umw, lost HuKMigli i«v«, EorypylVB was state, 6S5 
And vovad b&m l>led bis bold Cetttan train. 
To Troy no )iero oame of ttoMer Kae, 
Or if noUflr, Mkmmon, it was tliiQo. 

When llioa la the horse reecslir'd berdo«m, 
A»d miMOD amiiei ambu^hVLto its nromb, 40m 

Greece gave ber tatent wntYiors te ny care, 
'Tvas mine oa Tvoy <to pour t!i' iaiprisoBM war : 
Then when.tlie boldest bosom beat witii fear, 
"When the stera^yes of heroes -dropt a tcar^ 
Tberce in tais look 'his aMlent Talonr fkm'dy 6t5 

Flushed in Ms eheek, or sallied in his 'blood ; 
Indignant in the dark reeess he stands. 
Pants for the bcttitle, and «be war demands: 
nis voice b«eilth*d death, and -writii a martial an* 64^ 
Be grasp'd taia sword, and shook his glittering spear. 
And when tlie gods oaf arms witi» conquest cTowii*dy 
WhenTroy's proud botwarks smok*d upon the ground, 
Greece to reward lier soldier^s gallant toib 
Heap'd high his navy with isnnQnber*d spoils. 

Thus igreat in glory from the din of war, USS 

Safe he ret«Hra'd, without one hostile sear; 
Though spears m iron tempests rain*d around. 
Yet innocent they pl«y*d, and guiltless of a wound. 
While yetj spoke, t^ shade with transport glow'd. 
Rose in his majesty, and nobler trod ; 690 

With haughty stal^k be sought the dbtant glades 
Of warrior kings, and join'd th* illustrious shades. 

Kow iHfhont number ghost by ghost arose 
All wailing with unntterable woes. 
Alone, apart, in discontented mood, Gd$ 

A gloomy Aade, the sullen Ajax stood ; 
For ever sad wiA proud disdain he pin'd. 
And the lost arms for ever stung his mind 
Tbottgb to the contest llietis «ave the laws. 
And Pallas, by the Trojans, judg*d the cause. (Jyo 
O why was 1 vktoiieusin the strife ! 
O dear4M>oght hononr with so brave a life ! 
With him the strength of war, the soldiers* pridt, 
Our second hope «> great Achilles died ! 



BOOK XL nis omnsKr, lyi 

T«iich'd at the ^giit ftnu Man I Mwoe rdhdA, 0|S 
And tender sorrow khfillB in every veia ; 
FenliTe and ead I stead, at length accoet 
With accents nild the inexorable giMat. 

Still bwns thy rage i and can hrave seals resent 
Xiv'b after death ? Relent, gieat shade, releM I MO 
Perish those anw which by the gods' decne 
Accars*d e«r amy wkh Ihe loss ef thee I 
With thee we fell ; Greece wtpt thy hapless Ihlee, 
And shook MstamuMd through her hoadred states ( 
IStat more, when peat Achilles prest the gaonnd, ttff 
And breatb'd his nanly afiir&t Uirevgh the woond. 
O deem tby fail not ow'd to man's deoee, 
Jove hated Greece, and puntsh'd Oreeeein thee! 
Turn then, oh peao^vl, turn, tby wrath contronl. 
And calm the raging tempest oi thy sonl. €90 

While yet I speak, the shade disdites te stay, 
In silence toros, uul satten stalks nway. 

Touch'd at his sour retreat, through deepest night. 
Through hell^ black bounds I had pursued bis'fllght^ 
And forc'd the stubborn speetre to reply ; ^ 

But wondrous viMons dvew my curious eye. 
High on a throne, tremendous to behold, 
Steru Minos wares a mace of bumish'd gold ; 
Around ten thousand thousand spectres stand 
Through tlie wide dome of Dts, a trembling band, 
soil as they plead, the fatal lots he rolls, TOl 

Absolves the just, and dooms the guilty seuls. 

There huge Orion, of portentous siM, 
Swift through the gloom a giant*huttt^ ties ; 
A ponderous mace of brass with direful sway 700 
Aloft he whirls, to crash the savage jgrey ; 
Stem beasts in trains that by his traacheon fisH, 
Vow grisly forms shoot o'er the lawns of hell. 

There Tityus laife and long, in fstters bound, 
O'erspreads nine a«res of infernal ground ; TV 

TWo ravenous voltures, furious for their food. 
Scream o'er tile fiend, and riot in his blood. 
Incessant gore the Hver in his breaAt, 
3h' immortal ttver gfow»i«nd gives Ih' iomertal ftast. 



!#• IHB ODTBSSr* BOOK XU 

_ • 

Far u o'er Pftnopi*s eaameird plains, 715 

Latona journey'd to the Pjthian fanes. 
With haughty love th* audacious monster strove 
.To force the goddess, and to rival Jove. 

There Tantalus along the Stygian bounds 
Pours out deep groans (with groans all hell resounds); 
EVn in the circling floods refreshment craves, 7tl 
And pines with thirst amidst a sea of waves ; 
When to tiie water he hb lip applies, - 
Back from his lip the treacherous water Aim. 
Above, beneath, around> his hapless head, f €5 

IVees of all kinds delicious fruitage spread ; 
There figs sky-dy'd, a purple hue disclose. 
Green looks the olive, the pomegranate glow, 
lliere dangling pears exalted scents unfold. 
And yellow ^ples riiiea into gold : 730 

The fruit be strives to smze ; but blasts arise. 
Toss it on high, and whirl it to tiie skies, 

I turn'd my eye, and as I turned survey*d 
A mournful vision ! the Sisyphian shade ; 
With many a weary step, and many a groau, 73i 
Up the high bill he heaves a huge round stone; 
The huge round stone, resulting with a bound. 
Thunders impetuous down, and smokes along the 

ground. , 

Again Uie restless orb his toil renews, 
I>ust mounts in clouds, and sweat descends in dews. 

Now I the strength of Jlercales behold, 74J 

A towering spectre of gigantic mould, 
A shadowy form ! for high w heaven's abodes 
Himself resides, a god amopg the gods ; 
There, in the bright assemblies of the skies, l^ 
He 9ectar quads, and Hftb^ crowns his joys. . . 
Here hovering ghosts, like fowl, his shade sarroond. 
And elang their pinion^ with terrific sound ; 
Gloomy as night he stands, yi act to throw 
Th' aerial arrow from tlie twanging bow. 750 

Around bis breast a wondrous aoue is rolfd. 
Where woodland monsters gtin in fretted gold ; 
Ibere sullen lions sternly seem to roar, 
'ITie bear to growl, to foam the tusky boar. 



3K>OK XI. XHX ODY8SET. m 

There war and havock and destniction at0od» Jif 
And ▼engefiil jnurder red vith hnman blood, 
^os terribly adorn*d the figures shine, 
Inimitablj wrought with skill divine. 
The mighty ghost advancpd jirill awful look, 
Andy turning his grim visage, sternly spoke* f^ 

O exercis'd in grief! by arts refln*d I 
O taught to bear the wrongs of base mankind ! 
UaA, such wast) stj^l tpstftiqAcare tp care. 
While in your w^rld T drew the vital dr ! 
^v*n T, who from the Lord of Thunders rose, t^ 
Bore toils and dangers, and a weight of woes | 
To a base monarch stiiUA s^ave*confin*d 
(Hie hardest bondage to a generous mind !) 
Down to these worlds I trod the dismal way. 
And dragg'd the three-mquth*d dog to uppe r day : *• 
Kv'n hell I conquer'd, through the friend!^ aid Tfl 
Of Maia*s offspring and the martial maid. 

Thus he, nor deign'd for our reply to stay, 
Bnt, turning, stalk*d with giant-strides away. 

Cnrioqa. to vifw the kings pf ancient .days^ tfi 
The mighty dead that live in endless prttise, 
Besolv'd I stand; and haply had sorvey'd * '' ' 

The godlike fheseus, and ^rfthouS* shade ; '' 

But swanns of spectres rose A'om deepest hell^ 
With bloodless visage, and Irith hideous yelf; TBO 
Thby scream, they shriek ; sad groans and disvMil 

soands * ■' 

Stun my scarMears, and pierce he'Il^ utmost bounds. 
JTp more my heart the dismal din sustains, 
And my cold bloo^ hangs slnVfriug th niy reia^} ' 
Lest Gorgon, rising Yrom th* infernM lathes, ' ' ' 7B5 
With horrors armM, and curls of hissing snakes. 
Should fix me, stiffened at the monstious sight, 
A stony image, in eternal night ! 
Straight ft'om the direfcd coast to purer air 
I speed my flight, and to my mates repair. 79^ 

My mates ascend the ship ; they strike their oars ; 
The mountains lessen, and retreat the shores ; 
Swift o'er the waves we fly ; the freshening gales 
Sing through the shrouds, and stretch the swelling 
sails. X 



TVE 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK xn. 



AKOUMEirr, 

' ' Tke Sirens, ScyUa, and CharyhdtU, 

•IX« relatM, kow« after his relurn from the shades, h« 
was sent by Cijrv^e on his voyage, by the roast of 
the Sirens, and by the Straight of Scylla, and Ch». 
rybdis: the manner in which he escaped thos* 
, dangers: hew, being cast on the island Trina- 
cria, his companions destroyed tite oxen of the 
Sun: the vengeance that followed; how all p«i. 
risbed by shipwreck except himself, who, swim. 
mipg on the mast of the ship, arrived en tho island 

. W Calypso. With which his relation concludes. 



f ' 



( ^ ! 



BOOK XU. 

rpHTTS o*er the rolling taiye the vessel itte*» 
-*- Till frpm the waves the Mtfn hills ansa. 
Here the gay morD resides in radiant bowers. 
Here keeps her revels with the danciDg Hoars; 
Here Phoebus rising in th* etberial waj, A 

Through heaven*s bright p«i tals pours the beamy day. 
At once we fix our halsers on the land. 
At once descend, and press the desert sand ; 
There, worn and wasted, lopse oar cares to sleep 
To the hoarse murmurs of the rolling deep. 10 

Soon as the morn.restor'd the day, we pay'd 
Sepulchral honours to £lpenor*s shade, 
Kow by the ax the rushing forest bendi» 
And the huge pile along the shore asceada. 
Around we stand, a melancholy train, 13 

And a loud groan re-echoes from the main* 
Fierce o'er the pyre, by fitnning brecaes spread. 
The hucgry flame devours the silent dead. 
A rising tomb, the silent dead to grace, 
Fast by the roarings of the main we place ; f 

The rising tomb a lofty column bore. 
And high a?>ove it fose the tapering oar. 

Meantime the goddess our return surveyed 
From the pale ghosts, and hell's tremendous shade. 
Swift she descends : a train of nymphs divine S5 
Bear the rich viands and the generous wine". 
In apt to speak the power of magic stands. 
And graceful thus accosts the listeciog bands* 

O sons of woe ! decreed by adverse fates 
Alive to pass through helFs eternal gates 1 30 

All, soon or late, are doomed that path to tread ; 
More wretched you ! twice numbered with the dead i 
This day adjourn your cares, exalt your souls, 
Indulge the taste, and drain the sparkling bowls ; 
And when tiie morn unveils her saffron ray, 35 

Spread your breed sails, and plough the lii^ttid ways 



ho I this n^ht, your futhfoV guide, ezplaio 
Tour -woes by land, your dangers on the main. 

The goddess spoke ; ia feasts we waste the day. 
Till Phoebus downward plung'd his burning ray ; 40 
Then sM>le night ascends^ and balmy reit 
Seals every eye, and. calms the troubled breaat. 
Then ciurtoiks she eoenrraands life to relate 
The dreadfttt scenes of Pluto's dreary state, 
the sat in silence while -die tale I tell, 45 

Ttie w'endroas visions, and the laws of helf. 

Then thus : the lot of man the gods dispose ; 
These ills are past : now hear thy future woes. 
O prince, attend ! some favouring power be Icind, 
And print th* important story on thy mind I 59 

Next, vhefe tlie Sirens dwell, you plough the aea»* 
Their song i» death, and makes destruction please. 
Unblest the man, whom music wins to stay 
19igh the -curst shore, and listen to the lay. 
Ko more that wretch shall view the joys of life, SS 
His blooming offspring, or his beauteous wife ! 
In verdant meads they- sport ; afid wide around 
Lie human bones, that whiten all the ground ; 
The ground polluted floats with human gore. 
And human carnage taints the dreadful shore. 6ft 
Fly swift the dangerous coast ; let every ear 
Be slopped against the song ! *tis death to hear I 
Ilrm to 'the mast with chains thyself be bound. 
Nor trust thy virtue to th* enchanting sound. 
iff mad with transport, freedom thou demand, ($5 
Be every fetter strain'd, atad added band to band. 

These seas o*erpass*d, be wise ! but I refrain 
To mark distinct thy voyage o'er the main : 
New horrors rise ! let prudence be thy guide. 
And guard thy various passage throngli the tide. 9^0 

High o'er the main two rocks exalt their brow, 
tlie boiling Uilows thundering roll below ; 
Through tiie vast waves the dreadful wonders mov«^ 
Hence uamM Erratic by the gods above. 
Ko bird of «ir, no dove of swiftest wing, * 73 

lOutt bear* ambrofla to th' ekherial king. 



ttiaoft tto diMofDcte : » vm» ih» ctti'flM sUas^ • 
The dire racks neet« «b<I crdA h« m shvAice; 
K<»t the fleet htk, vh^i pedap^revs bfeeses plej» 
JHonghs o'er that roaring setge it* desperale way ; 
O'enrhelm'd it sinks : while rouad a saaoke eapires^ 
And the waves flashing seen to barn with flres.- 
Scarce the fam'd Aigo pass*d thestf esgiBg floods^ 
Uie sacred Argp, fillM with demigods I . 
Er'n she had tuok, but Jove's imperial hriiiw d& 
Wing*d her flMt sail, and posh'4 her of or tbe-tidA 
. High in the sir the rock its smaaiit sbroads 
In brooding tanipests,- and in roiling douda ;■ 
IfOttd storms aronbd^ and aiisls ^^rnal rise^- 
Beat its Ueak farow, and intescept the- skies. 9A 

Wben«U the broad expanuonhrlght with day 
Glows with th* antumnal'or the sonnner my* 
The samoMr and tite antonm glow in vidn, 
The sky for ever lowers, foV ever cloadsTemdn. 
Imperviotts to the step of nan it stands, 99 

Tin* borne by twenty feet> tho' ana'd with twenty 



'I 

Smooth as the poMsh of the mirror rise 

The slippery sidtfs, and shpot into the^kies. 

Full in ihfr ctfptre of this rock display'd> 

A yawning cavern casts a dreadful shaded IM 

Kor the fleet urow from the twanging bow> 

Sent with full force, could reach the depth below. 

Vide to the west the horrid golf extends, > 

And the dire passage down to hell descends* 

ID fly the dreadful sight ! expand thy sails, 10ft 

Fly the strong oar, and catch the' nimble gales ; 

Here Scjlla brilows from her dire abodes. 

Tremendous pest, id>horr*d by man and gods 1 

Hideous her voice, and with less terrors ro^ 

The whelps of lions in the midnight hour. 110 

Twelve feet deformM and foul the fiead di^preadssT 

Kx horrid necks sh« rears, and six teniiic heads;- 

Her jaws grin dreadful with three rows of teeth} 

AiSgy Lbey stand, the gaping den of death ; ^ 

Her parts obrpene the raging billows hide; 110 

fUr bQ»oi9 terribly o'crlooks tUc ti(l«« 



"When itnng irith hunger stie txtfyrt^ tiie itoo'd. 
The sea^log «iid the dolpbin are hrr food ; 
She makes tiie hisgeleviatban her prey. 
And Ail tlie monstem of the watery way; iSO 

pnie sviftest racer mi the asure ptain 
If ere fills her saiU« and spreads her oars in vaia ; 
FeU Scylia rises, tn her fury roars, 
- At once six moutiis expands, at once six men de^ 
voars. * 

Close by a rock of less enormons height 't^ 

Breaks the wild -waves, and forms a dangerous strtit; 
Fall on its crown a fig's green branches rise. 
And s^oot a leafy forest to the skies ; 
^neath, Charybdis holds her boisterous reign 
'Midst roaring whirlpools, and absorbs the tnafai ; 190 
Thrice in her gulfs the boiling seas subside. 
Thrice in dire thunders she refunds the tide. 
Oh, if thy vessel ploogh the direful waves 
tWhen seas retreating roar within her caves, 
Te perish all ! though he who rules the main 19f 
Leiid his strong aid, his aid he teuds in vain. 
Ah, shun the horrid gulf! by Scylia fiy, 
*Tis better sii^to lose, than all to die. 

I then : O nymph propitious to my ffrayer, 
Ckkldess divine, ray guardian power, declare, * 140 
Ts the foul fiend from human vengeance freed ? 
Or^ if I rise in arms, can Scylia bleed ? 

Then she : Oh worn by toils, oh broke in fi^t» 
Still are new toils and war thy dire delight? 
-^ill martial flames for ever fire thy mind, 14l 

And never, never be to heavim resignM i 
How vain thy efforts to avenge the wrong ? * 

Deathless the pen I impenetrably strong ! 
Farious and f«ll, tremendous to behold ! 
JCv'n with a look iht withers all the bold ! l50 

9he mocks the weak attempts of human might: *\ 
Oh fly her rage ! thy conquest is thy flight* 
If bat to seiae thy arms thou make delay. 
Again the fury vindicates her prey, IM 

4br six mouths yairn, and six are •ii«trti*d «wm/. ' > 



•ooic XII. Ttt ^mrasBv. t^ 

fhmi lier fowl woab CntnU gave to air 
This dreadful f^U 1 To her direct tby prajar. 
To enrb the moBatier in her dire abodea» 
Ao^ gmrd thee throuf h the tamult of the toods. 
- Thence to Trinacria'a ^oie joa bend your vay, i6o 
Where grase tby herds, illaatrioua source <^day I 
Seven herds, seven flocks enrich the sacred plaint^ 
Sncb herd, each fl<>ck, full fifty heads contsins; 
The wondnws kind a leis^th of age sarTey, 
By breed increase not, nor by death decay. l6S 
Two sister goddesses possess the plain, 
'TThe constant guardians of the woolly train: 
lAmpetie &ir, and Phaethosa yoan^ 
Vnok Phoebtts and the bright Nessra spmag i 
Bare, watchful o'er the flocks, in shady bowars Jftt 
And flowery meads they waste the joyous honrs. 
Kob not the god ! and so jM-opitiotts gales 
Attend Ay voyage, and" impel thy sails ; 
6ot if thy. impious hands the flocks destroy. 
The gods, the gods avenge it, and ye die ! IfS 

*Tb thine alone (thy friends and navy lost) 
Through tedious tolls to view thy native coast. 

$he aeas'd : and now arose the morning ray ; • 
Swift to her dome the goddess held her way. 
Then to ray mates I measured back the plain, X9X 
.€Umb*d tlie tall bark and rushed Into t'*e maio ; . 
Then bending to the stroke, their oars they drew 
To t)|eir broad breast^, and swift the galley flew.. 
Vp sprang a brisker breexe ; with freshening gales; 
The friendly goddess stretch'd the swelling sails ; • 
.We dr9p our oars ; at ease the pilot guides; iat| 
The vessel light along the level glides. 
When, rising sad and slow, witli pensive looV, 
. Thus to the OMlandioly train I spoke : 

Oh friends, oh ever partners of my woes, Ifi) 

Attend while 1 wba^ Heaven foredooms discloM»« 
Hear all t Fate hangs o'er all ; on yoa it lies 
To live, or perish ! to be safe, be wise I 

In flowery meads the qiortive Sirens.play, 
Tviich the soft lyre, and tnne the vocal lay ; iQi 



490 THs 0tfrmu. Moil x». 

Me, me alatm, %ith fiBttcrrt iitelsr Mnlitf, 
The gods a)low tb' h«ar the dftngeMHA-MiiiBd: 
Hear.and obey : if fre«d«m I denauHi, 
Ba every fetter itrainM, tte #«td«dn>a]idtb-NaMi; 
• While yet I spe&k the vinged gelley flies, fOO 
And lol the Sireftshftreft like mista «rii«. 
Unnk vere at one* ^bt winds ; the air abbve. 
And wave* below, at once fefgot to aiove: 
Some daemen calm'd the elr, aiid sniootti'd tite'd^, 
>Bkish'd 42ie loud wiBd»> and- chiAU'd tlifc wave^ to 
sleep. iMft 

Vow eveiy gall we furl,- each oaff i^ -ply ; * 

Lash'd bj the «tf okei» th«- frothy #aten fly. 
The ductile wax #itK bohy Hands I riieuld; 
»AtkdrctoftiniTag:tbeat9, and the firagiM^ttanillFd'? 
Htl SMSfiat region now gt*ew wand witii day, M# 
The wax dtssolv'd bene&tli the biinillif ray ; 
Then every 6ar I ba^r'd against tb% stnii*, 
And from access of phrenby leck'd the hra^. 
•JTbw ronndi^o mast ray BMrteft the i^ttfers ro!t*d. 
And bound me ^mh by limb with fold ob fold, £1S 
Then bending to the stroke^ the active tndn 
iPlung« all at'ooo^ their oars and cleave- the main. 

While to the shore the rapid vessel flies^ 
X>ar swift approach this I^Mti^uire desdries ; 
Celestial mssie warbles irom their tongde, 9f^ 

And thus thi sweet deluders tune the song. 

Oh gta^, oh pride of Greece I Ulysees, stsj I 
Oh cease thy course, and listen to otlr lay ! 
Blest is the man ordained our voice to hear, 
Jhe songinstra^ts the soul, and charms the ear. i^ 
Approach ! thy soul shall iatb raptures rise ! 
Approach ! and learn new' Wildon from the wto# 1 
"We know whate*er the kings of nHghty nime ' 
\Achiev*d at Ilioo in the field of ftme^ 
WbMeV beaeatlk the Sinfs bright journey lies. H^ 
ph stay, and learn new wisdom from the wise £ 

Thus the sweet chamlers warbled o'er the main ; 
Jf/ aottt takev^iMlif to mm tb$ MNtvtnly stnilo ; 




3KKIS xn: fAn obTssBf r cof 

I give ^e Bi^, ffiTdT straggle to be firee ; 

Svift t9m my awtes, end dioot tlong the sea ; CS5 

New cbaios tiiey add, and rtpid urge tHb way, 

l^tUdjiag off, th»dietaiit soands decay: 

^len, aendding airily fram the dangerous gronnd, 

The deafea'd car ttiUock'd, the chidns uoboand. 

Now all at oneetreawadovit scenes unfold ; 2|0 
Thandev'd tlia decfjpt, the Smoking MHows roll'd ! 
XMivHnaos waveir emhrolt the btflowing flood, 
Jdk tMMbliiig, daalhfn'd, a«d aghast we stood ! 
ITo more the ▼esscl ploughM the dreadful wave. 
Fear sos'd the mighty, aod uniervM the brave ; 245 
Each dropt bis oar: bntswift from man to man 
With looks aereoa I tmm'd, and thus began : 
Oh fiieodst oh ofles try*d in adverse storms ! 
' With ilia faailiflr in more dreadful forms ! 
Deep in tiie dire Cyclopean den you lay, ie50 

Yet safe returned — Ulysses led the way. 
Laarn reorage henee, and in my care con6dej 
ho I still the sama Ulysses is your guide. 
Attend my words ! your oars incessant pl^ ; 
Strain every nerve, aiid bid the vessel fly. S53 

If from yoa jostling rocks and wavy war 
Jove safe^ grants, he grants it to your care. 
And thon whose guiding hand tlirects our way, 
Pilot, attentive listen and obey t * iSg 

Bear wide thy course, nor piough those angry waves 
Where rolls ybn smoke, yon tumbling ocean raves: 
Steer by the higher rock ; lest whiri'd around 
We sink, beneath the circling eddy drown'd. 

While yet I speak, at once their oars they seise. 
Stretch to the stroke, and brush the worklhg seas. 
Cautious tfto name of Scylla T supprest ; SGS 

That dreadful sound had chillM the boldest breast. 

Meantime, fbi^^al of the voice divine. 
All dreadful bright my limbs in armour shine ; 
High on the dock I take my dang(*rous stand, TfO 
Two glittering javelins lighten in my hand ; 
Prepar'd to whhrl the whixsiag fipear I stay^ 
Till th« fell f Old arise to seiae her prey. 

13 



lot tsB o0lsaiir« BQOK>dat: 

Aroaad the daafe^rStadioiiftto bth,«ld 
Tike hideous pe«t, mj Uib(»urv»g .«]FM«I r«ir4; JI^S 
In vain ! tb« diamal dnji^aoo dark as oight. 
Veils the dire monster, and coalbttBds the aisitt. 
* Nov through the roaks,4i|)pall*d with dcsp-diBaM^, 
We bend oar courae, «ad stem the despetata wny; 
Bice ScyUa there a. scene of hoifor twiiiii, S80 

And here Charj^bdis fills the deep>imthrttar«a. 
When the tide rushes from her rnmhltiqp oaves 
The rough rock roars ; tttmnltuova boil the wan 
They toss, they foam, a wild oonf«aion ndae; 
JAkk waters bubbiioc o'er the fiery Maae; 
Btemal ousts obscuro th^ aerial plain. 
And high above the rock she spouts the mainf 
When in her gulfs the rushing sea sabaides/ 
She drains tiie ocean with the refluent, tides; 
The rock rebellows with a thundering aouad : 
Deep, wondrous deep-l»eleWr«ppean.th«gr(MHui. 
Struck with despair, with trembling hearta we viem'il 
The yawning dungeon, and the tumbling flood ; 
When lo ! fierce Scylla aioop'd to seiae hear pfey, 
"StretehTd her dire jaws, and swept six men away; . 
Chiefs of renown I loud^echoiog shrieks aciae : £96 
I turn and view them <)mvering in the skies ; 
They call, and aid with oikt->stretoh*d arms aa^diwe & 
In vain they call I those arms are stret^'d no aKNn» 
As from aome roek that overliangs the flood, anQ 
The silent fisher casts tb' insidious food. 
With fraudful care be waits the finny prise, 
And sudden liiU it quivering to the akies: 
So the foul monster lifts her prey on high. 
So pant the wretches straggling in the sky ; 300 
In the wide dungeon she devonra her food. 
And the flesh tremble^ while she chuma f^ bload. 
Worn as I am With griefs, with care decajr'd, 
Kever, I never, seene so dire survey'd ; 
My shivering blood, congtai'd, forgot to flow ; Sl# 
Aghast I stood, a monument of woe. 

Now from the rodcs the rapid veaael fltea. 
And the hoarse din like ^stavtt tkmdtn dies ; 



To SorKbrifferlftle var'voyaee 

And BMP tke gUttofiaynoAotiiiii* vita t» vtow,- tl6 

Hatc taered'to tlw nuKk»t god ol dtjft 

Orase tiM fiiir faordi, tiM ftocU paoaiiteiioM tny ;. 

Then saddenly ««• beord al#ng the iiMia 

To loir febe-OK, to bloM th« -woolly traiii. 

fltnight to my aaxioas tlM«fbt» Uw soand convey *d- 

Ibe word* of Cliroo and the Tkebanshade ; ' 921 

Warn'd-by ttatir awftil vidce tboM- shores tatlniii, 

Vkh CMitioa*' fMre»oi»prea«, I that begon. 

O IHende ! olievar exereit'dm %:u9ft 

caamMiMb mad itrrerence what ya 
! 9S0 

To fly these ^wfesiha'yrcedent lliebaa shade 
And Circe warns : O be thnir voice obey'd : 
Some ndghty woe rrientless heaven forebodes t 
Fly the diva regions, and revere the gods ! 

"Whila yet I spoke.-* sadden sonrow ran 3X0 

Through every breast, and 'spread from man to ma'Q, 
Till wf ati»^t thos Bnryloehns began : 

O cvoel'tbott'! som« fury eure faas'steelM 
That stubborn soni, by toil nnteugbt to yield ! 
iVom sleep debarrVt, we ake^ froth woes to wo^ ; 
Acd cruel enviest thon a- sImm^ repose T 336 

Still must we restless rove, new seas esplore. 
The sun desieendteg, and so near the shore ? 
And lo ! the nighlbegtna-her gloomy reigo. 
And doubles all the tervors of the mai^i. afi) 

Oft in the dead of night load winds arise* 
LiAsb the wild 8urgi>, and bluster in the skies t 
Ob should the fierce south-west bis rage display >^ 
And toss with risiag storms the watery way, 
Though gods descend from beaveu*s aeffiiil plain 340 
To lend ns aidv the gods deocend in vain ; ' 
Then while the'night dlspWys her awful shad^, 
Sweet tfme ofslnmber ! be the night obey'd ! 
Haste ye to land ! and when the morning ray 
Shods her bright beam, pursue the destin'd vrsy . 
A sudden' Joy in every hosom rose: Z$i 

#0 viU^ Maw d«mon, mintotar tti weeal 



•0^ 3!9E. ^D¥S»r. BOOK ZU. 

To whom wilb ^nei-rO twHt toilie undone, 
C^nstruA'd ( act vnbat via4on bids me «ban. 
But yonder herds and yonder flocks for)>eajr ; . 959 
Attest Uie heavens and call tbe gods to bear; 
Content an mpocent repast display. 
By Circe given, and fly the dangerous prey. 

Thus I : and while to shore the vessel flief. 
With hands uplifted they attest the skies; 3d» 

Then, where a fooctaio's gnrgUpg waters pUy, 
They rush to land, and end in feasts the day.; 
They feed ; they quaff ; and now <their hunger fled) 
Sigh for their friends devour'd, and mourn the 4miW 
Kor cease the tears lill each in slumber sbarqs S65 
A sweet forgetfolncss of human cares. 

Now far the night advanc*d>hcr gloomy rcigs» 
And setting stars roird down the azure plain : 
When, at the voice of Jove wild whirlwinds rise. 
And douds and doable darkness veil the skies; 570 
The moon, tlte stars, the bright etherial host 
Seem as extinct, and all their splendoi? lost ; 
Tht furious tempest roars with dreadful sound : 
Air thunders, rolls the ocean^ groans the ground. 
All night it rag'd t when morning rose, to land 374^ 
We haul'd our bark, and moor'd it on the strand. 
Where in a beauteous grottoes cool recess 
Dance the green Nereids of the nmghbouring seas. 

There while the wild winds whutied o*er the maiur 
Thus careful I addrest the listening train. 380 

O friends, be wise, nor dare the flocks destroy 
Of these fair pastures : if ye touch, ye die. 
Warned by the high command of Heaven, be aw'd ; 
Holy the flocks, and dreadful is the god I 
That'god who spreads the radiant beams of light, S8ft 
And viewswide earth and heaven's uameasor'd height. 

And now the moon liad run her montlUy round. 
Hie sooth-east blustering with a dreadful sound : 
Unhurt the beeves, untouch'd the woolly train 389 
low through the grove, or range the flowery plain ^ 
Then fail'd our food ; then fish we make our prey» 
Or fowl that screaming haunt the watery waj« . ^ 



fiooK xf I. THE rmrmmr. toi. 

nil now, froak se» or flood no svecdur- feuiidy 
Amiao andniesgro want besieg'd us romid. 
il^ensiTe and p«ie from grove to grore I ttray'd, 395 
From the load stomsto find a sylTan ahade ; 
There, o*er my hands the living trave I ponr ; 
And faeaven and heaven'e immortal thrones adore. 
To calm tile roarings of the stormy mala, 
And grant me peaceful to my realms again. 4M 

Then o*er my eyes the gods soft stombers shed, 
'While tfaos Eorylochns artsiag said. 

O friends, a thousand ways frail mortals lead 
To the cold tomb, and dreadfal all to tread ; 
^Bttt dreadful most, when by a slow decay '405 

Pale hanger wastes the manly strength away. 
"Why eeate ye tben t* im{4ore the powen ^oto. 
And offer hecatombs to thundering Joire i 
Why setae ye not yon beeves, and fleecy prey ? 
Arise nnanimoos ; ansa and slay I 416 

•And if the gods ordain a safe return. 
To Fbmbus shrines shall rise, and altars burn. 
Bat, should the powers that o*er mankind preside 
Decree to plunge us in the whelming tide^ 
Better to rosh at once to shades below, 41S 

Than linger liliB away, and nourish woe ! 

Thus he : the i>eeves around secordy stray, 
When swift to ruin they invade tiie prey ; 
The^ seiae, they kill !— but for the rite divine. 
The bariey fail'd, and for libations wine. 490 

Swifl from the oak they strip the shady pride; 
■And verdant leaves the flowery cake supply'd* 

Wiih prayer titey now address th* etherial traio^ 
Slay the selectod beeves, and flay the slain : 
The thighs, with fat involved, divide with art. «e8 
8trew*d o'er with morsels cut from every part. 
Wator, instead of wine, is broaght in urns. 
And pour'd profanely as the victim bums. 
The thighs thns effer'd, uid the entrails drest, 
Tliey roast tiie fragmeHts, and prepare the frast. 490 

Twas then soft slumber fled my. troubled brain; . 
Back to the baric I speed along4he malu«. . . 



,jIH9 XBB^mnmBT, BODX- 

Spreads o'er the oonH, and M«*t» tbe^tattotadgalMM; 
A cUIly fear oongoaivd my vital bloed, M9 

And tb«ft otitntiBt HeMren I aMwni*d atovii. 

O sire of men and gods* imawrlal Jove ! 
jO,aU ye Uissfuk powers that jeigo akove 1 • 
Why were my. oarao begoil'd in short xeposoif 
O fatal slauber paid with lasliog woeal ' 44* 

A doodao dreadlel all thegodt alacns^ 
X^eageaoce is on tho wsag, and lieaveo in arma ! 

Mdamian leapetie moaata tb' aerial wi^» 
And kiiidleo into rage the god of day t « 

• Vengeaooe, ye powers <he ccies)* aad tbota- w it at» 
band M6 

Aims the red bolt, and harla«the wiitbeaVi btaodl 
Slain are these 'herds which I with pride sarroy. 
When titroagh the ports of heaven 1 pour th» day» 
Or deep in ocean plange tltebofiniiig ray. 
Vengeance, ye gods ! or I the skses fbr^o^ 4ftt 

And bear Uie lamp of heaven, to'fthades below. 

To whom, the thunderitOg power ; O sonrce of dajl 
Whose radiant lamp adonaa the aeore Wff» 
S6\i may thy beams thro' heaven's bright portaki rise. 
The joy of earth, and glory of the skies; 44i 

Lo ! my red arm I bare» my thunders giiide» 
To dash th' offenders in the wheimiog tide. 

To lair Oalypso» from the bright abodes* 
Harmes conveyed these ooansels of the gods* 

Meantime from man to man my tongoe-exdakn^ 
My wrath is kindled, and my soal in flames. 4fil 
la vain ! I view performed the dtrefiil deed, 
Beeves, slain by heupB, along the oce«n bleed* 

Nowlieavipa gave signs of wrath ; along Mui gfoand 
Crept the raw hides, and with a. bellowing suiui4 
BoarM the deadllmba; theboraingeDtraiU groaa'<4. 
Six guilt; days my wretched mates employ 
In imf loos 'feasting, and oohallowld joy ; 
•The seventh arese, and now Che >ire of gods 
lUno'd the rough stotmsi and caiai'4 the totaing 
dooda: 4|0 



Witt 8p«6dtlMr kart we ^Ouh; tlMJ^wb«»«tlb 
liOM^d fnwt Ike yards invite kb' impalli^'gilw. 
But sight of atftoce, aloat-tfaa amtg^.w iwaad. 
And all wtwn ia aky« aad «eeaa all aiiiail ; 
When lo ! a. laarky cl«od tiw TbottAerar ttmm i/fS 
Full o*er our beads, aad blackeas heaveo wHb stoHts* 
Night dwells o'er all tite deep :.>«iid new. owiHies 
Xbe gloomy West, «Mi wbifties in the skies. 
The inoiMitsixb>biUow^fear f the foriovs blast 499 
Bowls o'er Ibe shraud, aad rends it fnm the aust. 
The mast jWes way, and, ctaekling as >* tUads, 
Tears ap the deek ;*thea all at ones descends'; 
Hm pilot by the tombttng ivin slain, 
DashM from the helm, fidls headlong in the main. 
Zlieii Jove in anger bids his rhumisrs fail, 410 

And Ibrby lightnis^Jash from pole to pole. 
Fierce at our heads his deadly bolt fas aims. 
Red with nncomman wradh* aad wrapt in flames^ 
Foil on the bark it fell ; aonr high, now low, 
To88*d aad re*tosft*d, it laeL'd beneath the blow ; 400 
At once into the main the crew it shook ; 
Sulphareoasodoars rose^ and smoolderiag smoke* 
like fowl that haant the floods, they sink, they rise, 
Now lost, now seen, with shrieksaod dreadfol cries; 
And strive to gain the bark; but Jore denies. 
Firm at tbe^lm I stand, wha» fierce the main 40i 
Rnsh'd with dire noise, and dash'd the sides in tweia; 
Again impetaons droTe-tbe farions blast, ' 
Snapt the strong helm^ and bore to sea the mast. 
Firm to the mast with cords the helm I bind, 500 
And aloft ride, to Providence resign'd, 
Throngh tambling billows and a war of wind. 

Kow sank the West, sod now a southern breese 
More dreadful than the tempest, lash*d the seas ; 
For on the rocks it bcre where Scylla raves, 505 
And dire Charybdi| rolls her thundering waves. 
All night I drove, and at the dawn of day, 
Fast by-^e rocks'beheld the desperate way : 
Jast when the sea within her galf subsides, 
Aad in the roaring whirlpools rash the tides. 510 



90» tiSBowismr: jb66k xiH 

Swift from tiie ftoat I vmnlted with t bcHifld, 
The lofty fig-tree seis*d> end clung ureand ; 
So t^ tbe beam tlie bet fieoacioos clings, 
And pendant roand it ciaspe his leathern wings. 
Bigb in the air the tree its bongbs disfday'd, 51^ 
And o*er tbe dnngeon oast a dreadfiil shade. 
All ufiSQstaia'd between tiie wave and sky. 
Beneath my feet the whirling billows fly, 
What time the >adge forsalces tbe noisy bar 
Xo take repast, and stills ^m wordy war ! 5e0 

Charybdis rnmbling from her inmost caves, 
Hie mfist refunded oi| her refluent waves. 
Swift from the tree, tbe floating mast to gaia. 
Sudden 1 dropt amidst the flashing main ; 
Once more undaunted on the ruin rode, 535 

And oar'd witii labooiing arms along the flood. 
Unseen I pass'd by Scylla*s dire abodes : 
So- Jove decreed (dread uf of men and gods). 
Then nine long .days I plongliM the calmer aeas^ 
H.eav'd by the surge, and wafted by the breeae. 530 
Weary and wet tb' Og^gian shores I gain. 
When the tenth sun descended to die main. 
. Tliere, in Calypso's ever-fragrant bowers. 
Refreshed I lay, and joy beguiUd tiie hours. 

My following fates to thee, O king, are known, 
And the bright partner of thy royal thrane. 5.10 
Enough : in misery can words avail f 
And what so tedious as a twiee>told tale? 



THC 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XIII. 



^>^ 



AUGTTHBIVT.' 

The Anima qf Vlyntt in Rhmdm, 

Vlysses aiK«« his l^anre of Alcinotis «n(f Ar<*te, acntf 
embarks in the eretting-. Kext morning the ship 
anlTeft at Ithtfea'; t^ere tfie sailors, as tXlysses ik 
yet alMfjAngv Uy Mm on the shtffe i^ith all hik 
treatraarM. Oti theirretiirn, Keptunechanges their 
ship into-a'Yoek. In the meantime Ulysses awak- 
ing, knows not his native Ithaca, hy reason of a 
tnist whitta Pallas had cast round him. He breaks 
into lond lamentations ; till the goddess appearing 
to him in the'ftormof a shepherd, discovers the 
-countiy to htm, and points out tbti particnlar 
places. He then tells a feigned story of his ad- 
ventures, upon which she manifests hersfe^lf, and 
they cbttsitlt together tyf the measnres to be taken 
to destrtyy the suitors. To conceal his retnrn, an'd 
disgttise his person* the niorA effecttndty, she 
changes him into the figure of an oldbeggftr. 



■ H .>.i n ^ j »» '■»W— MWr— y»W 



C «w> 1 



BOOK XIII. 



HE ceas*d ; but left so pleasing on their car 
His voice, that listeaing still thej seem'd to hear, 
A |mase of sileace hnsb'd the shady rooms: 
The grateful coaference then tlie king resomea. 

Whatever tolls the great UJysscs past, 5 

Beneath Ibis happy roof they end at last; 
No* longer now fh>m shore to shore to roam* 
Smooth seas and gentle vinds invite Mm home. 
But bear me. princes ! vhom these walls inctoae» • 
For whom my chanter sings, and goblet flows lo 
With wines unmixt, (an honour due to age. 
To cheer the grave, and warm tb^ poets rage) ; 
Though lafoour'd gold and many a daasling vest 
Lie heap'd already for our godlike guest; 

Sithottt new treasures let him not remove, Ifi 

iTge, and expressive of the public love : 
^cb peer a tripod, each a vase bestow, 
^ general tribute, which the state shall owe. 

This sentence pleased : then all their steps addreat 
Ito separate mansions, and retir'd to rest. 90 

Kow did the rosy-finger'd mom-arise. 
And shed her sacied light along the skies. 
J)own to the haven and the ships in haste 
,They bore the treasures, and in safety plac'd* 
The king himself the vases rang'd. with care ; £5 
Then bade his followers to the feast repair. 
A victic ox beneath the sacred hand 
Of great Alcinoiis falls, and sUins the MQd« 
To Jove th' Eternal (power above all power* ! 
yfho wings the winds, and ^darkens heaven with 
shoorera) SO 

Tlie Aames ascend ; till evening they prolong 
The rites, more sacred made by heavenly song : 
For in the midst, with pubUc honours grac*d» 
Thy lyre divtne, Demodocus ! was plac'd. 
All, but Ulysses, heard with fixt delight: tf 

He sate, and ey'd the snn, and wiah'd the night: 



Slow aeeni'd tbe $uu t» more, th^ houra to roll. 

His native hoqie dcep-imag'd In bis aouh 

As the tir*d.ploaghBM» speat with stttbtx)m toil* 

Whose oxen loaf, have torn the fiiJTow'd soil, 40 

^ees with delist the sun's declining ray. 

When home -with feeble- knees he beqds his way 

To late repast (the di^y^s bard labenr. done) : 

So to Ulyises wcJcomio sejfc the son ; 

Then instant tn AJcinoiis nod the rest 4S 

^The Scberian states) he tora'd, and thus addzftt. 

O tlK»fk, the &vt in mwit and command { ' 
And you the peers ;aad prigaces of the land I 
Hay ^ery Joy be y^rs I nor this tbe least. 
When due libation shall havo crowi^M the feast, 50 
Safe to my home to send yoar happy gnest. ^ 
Complete are now tbe bonoUes yoo have given. 
Be all those bounties but confirm'd by Heaven ! 
So may I find, when, all my wanderings cense. 
My consoit blamele»>, and my friends in peace. ^ 
0n yon be every bliss; and every day. 
In home-felt joys, delighted roU away : 
Yourselves, yqor wives* your, longrdescanding fac^ 
May every god enrich with every graed 1 
Sore fizt on virtue majr your nation stand, 66 

jLud public evil never touch the land ! 

His. words well weigh'd, the general voLea ap<i 
prov'd 
Benign,, and instant his dismission mov'd. 
The monarch to Pontonous gave tbe sign, 
,^0 fill tbe goblet high with rosy wine : 66 

Great Jove the Father first (he cried) implore ; 
Then send tlie stranger to his native ^ore. 

Tbe loscious^wjine th' obedient herald brought ; 
Around the mansion flowM the purple draught; 
Xaieh irom his seat to each immortal pours, 70 

-Whom glory circles ia th' Olympian .bowers, 
Ulysses sole with air majestic stands, 
The bowl presenting to Areti's hands ; 
Then thus: O queen, farewell ! be still possest 
dear remembrance^ blessing stall and blest ! t^ 



Till dttHtixUt dM^'sftaJI'geftti^ ekll Htfee htottcte 
(Sure fate of «iv«ryia»r«al exoelloiincft)/'' 
Fare«41)r and jd/B iM<;eeHi^F«H«««r'*pHdg 
9b tliee/ to tbtM, tb» pe«pl¥, tfifd'tiktt'kiagi 

Thus he ; th«ii parting prints tlie'saady sborb 80 
To the fair port': a herald march'd btforcT, 
Sent by AleiiAuft $ of Ar«t^*5 tnin 
Three chosen m^da attehd him to tfa« maUi ; 
3liis does a tuliie and white Test oonVey^' 
A vaartotts canket that, of fjch^inhty^ a* 

And bread and wiM the tMtdu- >The «he^r^ niuitea 
Safe in the-bollow poop-dinpAM'thereates : 
Upon the deek'seft'paitttfed rObes thefiptbauit 
^ith linen covered, foi' the' he«o% bod . 
He climbed th6 lof^'sttfTol^then gently 'pte«t 9i 
The swelling conchy ami Ifiy composed td- xttltt 

No'VIr pltfcM in order, the- Piissaciaa train 
Their caUes loose, and launch into ihe main : 
At once they bend, and strike tiieur equal oar^ 
And leave the sinking hll<i» and Icsaeaing shofM, 9^ 
While on tbb deck the cl^^in sllenee K«9, 
Attdf* pleasing slnriibers st^alupon his'^yes. 
As fiery coursers- in the ra^M rac^ 
^g*d by fierce drivers through tlHtdndty sp#ee> - 
Toss their high heads, and' scolHr albng thti-pMin; 1^ 
S^ nMMrnts tfle bounding vessel- o*«r the malh . 
Back to the stern the parted billows flow. 
And the Uiick ocean f<}abi» and r«ars belO^. 

Thus wi«h spread sails the winged galley ftles f 
JLess swift an eagte cnts the liquid skies ; 19^ 

Divine Ulysses w«i» her sacred load, 
A man, i^' wisdom equttl to- a god !* 
Mtoch danger, long- and mighty tolls, hifrb<nhb, 
I n stenns by sea,' and' cbnttMiH on' th^s^'shttne ; 
Ml which toft s^eepnow banl^hM from hfs'Vrensty 
IVrapt M '« pl«aMvg, deep, and death«Hke resc til 

But when the momiDg>3tar witii eirly ray 
Flam'd in the f rob t ot'heften, sUkI promis'd-dliy; 
r.ike diatant ctouds ti>e naritier-descri^' 
•Vnir IthaoaVenydf^ing-hlUs «d»ek fH 



Far finom the Cova a aiMcioiia port ■pp«aa*» 

Sacred to Fhorcgrs* pover, wboam natoe it hem: 

Two cn^gy racks projectias to the mudn. 

The roaring viad'a tempeitaoiis rage rettiain; 

Within the waves io seher muniMin.gJide, 'ltd 

And ships wcvre witiaoat their haiters rido. 

Hif h a^ tiM head a bra««hing olive grows, 

Amd cMRwns the petnted clifis witib shadjr boogha. 

Beneath, a gloomy grotto's oool recess 

Delights thh Nettida of the m^hbodriog seas, ifS 

Whertf bowls and ncns were ftira^d of living stoae^ 

And massy beaan in native narUe shone ; 

Oh which the labours of the nymphs were roli'd. 

Their wei>8 divine of purpie mix'd with gold. 

Within tiie cave the elasterii^ bees attend ISO 

tkmr waxen works, or frnm the roof depend. 

Perpetual waters o'er the pavement glide ; 

Two marble doors nnfofai on either side; 

Sacred the south, by which the gods descend ; 

Bat mortals eiii<Hr at. die ncM-thern end. is5^ 

Thither they bent, and hanrd. their ship to land . 
(The crooked keel divides the yrilow sand^; 
ITlysses sleeping on his couch tb^ho4re, 
Aild.gentily pUcM him on the reeky shore. 
His treasures next, Alcinous gifts, they laid ld4k 
In the wild oIive*8 nnfrequented shade, 
Secnre from theft; then lanncfa'd the bark again, 
&esumM thfdr oars,, and measurld back the maia.' 
'il^or yet fo^ot old Ocean's dread supreme 
The vengeance cow'd for eyeless Potypbeme. 14$ 
Before the throne of mighty Jove he stood ; 
And sought the'seotrt counsels of the god. 

Sliall then no more, O sire of gods, bemioe 
The rights and'lioBOttrs of a- power divine ? 
Scorn*d ev!a by man, luid (oh severe disgrace 1) 15Q 
By soft Fhaeacians, my de^nerate race I 
Agsinst yon destined head in^vaim I swore, 
And menaced vvngeanoe^ereM reseh'd'ht* shore; 
To reach faia aatalouhore was thy decree > 
Mild lohey *d^f»r ^he thali war. v|th thee? . < . a6A 



Behold him Uoded, careless and ailee^, 

From all th' elnded dang«ra of the deep ; 

Lo where he lies, amidst a shioing store 

Of brass, rich gHnmeots, and refalgeot ore ; 

Abd bears toiumphsnt to his aative isle l6tf 

A prise more worth than Ition's noble vpofl. 

To whom the Father of thi* immortal powers, 
Who swells the clouds, and gladdens ewth wiUf 

showers. ■ 
Can mightj Keptnne thas of man oomplaSn ? 
Keptane, tremendous o*er the boundless main ! l63 
lleverM and awful ev'n in heaven's aboiiles. 
Ancient and great ! . a god above the gods ! 
If that low race offend thy power divine 
(Weak, daring creatures !) is not vengeance thioe ? 
Go then, the guilty at thy will chastise. 170' 

He said : the shaker of tiie earth replies. 

This then I doom : to fer Hie gallant ship 
A mark of vengeahce on thn sable deep ; 
To warn the thouglitless s^<0lifidiog train, 
^o nwire unlieensM thus to brave the main. 17S 
Full in their pert -a shady IiiH shall rise; 
If such thy wiU;««>We will it, Jove repliev. 
£v'n when with transport blackening all the strand. 
The swarming people hail their ship to land. 
Fix her for evtr, a manorial stone e 180 

Still let her seem to sail, and seem alooe ; 
The trambUng crowds shall see the -sodden 8had« 
Of whelming monntanis overhang their hc^d ! 
. With. that, the god whose earthquake* rock «h« 

ground. 
Fierce to Phseacla erost tiie vast profound. itf 

. Swift as a swallow sweeps the liquid way. 
The winged pinnace shot along the sea. 
Ibe god arrests her with a'suddea stroke, • 
And roots her doiwn an everktstlng rock. 
Aghast the Scberians stand in deep surprise ; 190 
AH press to speak, all question with their eyes* 
What hands unseen the rapid bark reetrain! 
And yet ft^ewitas^'er aeem to swim, the mnial 



Thus they, nneonmAom of tiM dMd 4iviM: 

^nu great Alcaaoae ifaiog o«B*d the eign. 10# 

Behold the long-predestinM day f (he cries); 
Oh certain faith of ancient propbecie» ! 
^n^ese ears have heard mj royiU sire disclose 
A dreadful story, big •rniHi future woes j 
Hov mov'd vith vrath» that careless we convey SO* 
Promtscoous every gnest to eveiy bay^ 
St«rn Neptune rag*d; and how by bis command 
Una rooted in the surge n ship sbonld stand ~ 
(A monument of wrath); and mound on monnd 
Should hide our walls, or whelm beneath the groand . 

The Fates have followed as declar'd the seer* S06 
Be hnmbled» nations ! and your monarch hear. 
Ko more nnticens'd brave the deeps, no more 
With every stranger pass from shore to shore : 
On angry Neptune now for mercy call ; 21^ 

To his high name let twelve black oxen fall. 
So may the god reverse his purposed will» 
Nor o'er our city hang the drcadfal UU. 

The monarch spoke; they trembled.and ebey'd. 
Forth on the sands the victim oxen led ; 215 

The gather'd tribes before the altars stand. 
And chiefii and mlef s, a m^estte band. 
The king of ocean all the tribes implore ; 
The biasing altars redden all the shore. 

Meanwhile Ulf sses in his country lay, 220 

Heleaa*d from sl^ep, and round him might rarvey 
Hie solitary shcore and rolling sea. 
Th Imd his mind through tedious absenoe lost 
The dear remembrance of his native coast; 
Besides, Minerva, to secure her care, 225 

Diffus'd around a veil of thickened air: 
Vor so the gods ordain'd, to keep unseen 
His royai^person firom his friends and queen ; 
Till the proud suitors for their crimes afford 
Aa ample vengeance lo their iqjur'd lord. SaO* 

Now all ^ land another prospect bore» 
AaoUmt port appear'd^ another shore, 



mi^ Ta&tomatn. book 

And lott^iwiliwiai vagn, «idjvl«diaf 4kiorf9» 
Am^ ttoknawn nMa«titet» .«i)nra*d «ith Haknoim 



FenaWe and slov irith aadden g linf opprast 4S5 

The king anMet and beat bia car^d hwat» 

Cast a long Itmk o*er nil the ooMt a«d main. 

And sought, amand, his nacWe jneala. ia* vain : 

Then vith erupted ejse alood £x'4 in wee» 

And IBS hAspoke^ the tears, began lo/flow. t*9 

Te gods,, he cxf^^ npon whafeiiamn ceeet* 
In whatJMar rqpon, is Uljsses tost f 
Poaaese*d by wildherbeiians, fieroein'anis; 
Or men vhoee boeon tender fUj. warns ? 
Where ehall tfaiatreeaare warn in aalety He? 94i 
And whither, whither, its^ad owner Ay ? 
Ah why did I Aleinons' grace qnplpre ? - 
Ah^why forsake -BhKacia's happy shon? 
Some jus^p prince perhaps had e&tettain*d. 
And safe restor'd ne to my taJdan land. ggt 

Is this the proadsVi iong^expeeted o^ast. 
And' this the fakh Chasacia's rnlers boast f 
Oh righteous gods ! of all the great»how few 
Are just to heaven, and to t heir pveouse trae t 
But he, the power to whose aU>«eeing eyes <5# 

The deeds of men appear withont disgntee, 
'Tis his alone t* avedge the wrongs I bear; 
For still th' oppress'd are his peoaliar cave. 
To "vonnt these pnoents, and from thence to peov« 
Their faith is mine : the jrestbelongs to Jove. «60 

Then en the sands he rang'd his wealthy stoee. 
The gold, tlie vests, the tripods number'd o*er : 
Air these he foond, but still in- error lost 
Disconsolate he wanders on 4he coest. 
Sighs for hi» country, and laments again 9M 

To the deaf rooksy and hoarae-veseunding malii. 
When lo ! the guardian goddese of the wtoe. 
Celestial Fallas, stood before his eyes ; 
In show a yootiifnl ewain, of lecm divine^ 
Who seem'd descended from some priiwely ^Ine. 



JBOOK xm. Tins omrsnr. ay 

A gncefu) robe her alender bddy drett ; S7] 

Aroond her ehoslden fleir the vmTf ng vest. 

Her decent hand a fthiniog jevelin bore, 

And painted sandals on her feet she wore. 

To whom the king: Whoe'er of hnnan race TfS 

Thou art, that wander'st in this desert placft ! 

With joy to thee, as to some fo4, 1 bend. 

To thee my treasures, and myselfvommend. 

O tell a wretch In esile doomM to stray, 

What air f breathe, what CQuotry I sunrey ? <'a(y 

The fruitful continent's extremest bound. 

Or softie feir isle which Neptune's arms surround ? 

From what far clime (said she) remote from fitme 
ArriVst thon here a sU^anger to our name i 
Thou seest an island, not to these unknown 889^ 
Whose hills are brigbten'd by the rising sun, 
Nor those VtuA plac'd beneath his utmost reign 
Behold him sinking in the western main. ' ' 

The ragged soil allows no level space 
Foraying chuiots, oir the rapid race ; 290 

Yet, not ungrateful to die peasants pc^in, ' 
Suffices fnllness to the-awelling grain : 
The loaded trees their various fruits proddce, ^ 
And clustering grapes aflPord a generous jui«e : 
Woods crown our mountains, and ia every grove S9J( 
The bounding goats and frisking heifers rove ; 
Soft rains and kindly dews refresh the 6eld, 
And rising springs eternil verdure yield. 
Ev^n to those shores is Ithaca renownM, 
Where Troy's majestic ruins strew the ground. ' 300 

At this, die chief with transpoK iras possest. 
His panting heart exulted in hi» bresr^t : 
Yet, well dissembling his untimely joys, 
And veiling truih in plausible disguise, 
Thus, with an air sincere, in fiction bold, 3( 5 

His ready tale th* inventive hero told : 

Oft have I heard in Crete, this island's name; 
For 'twas from Crete my native soil I came, 
Seif-banlsh'd thence. 1 sail'd before the wind, 
And left my children uad my friends behind. ■ 319 

K 



SlA TBM OJXraSKT. BOOK XUM. 

From fierce Momeneas* revenge I Hbw, 

Whose son, the swift Orsilochus, I slew 

(With brutal focce he seu'd m j Trojan prey. 

Due to the toils oi many « blood j daj). 

Unseen I 'scep'd » end, fsvonr'd by the aight,, 315 

In a.Fhcnician Tessel took my flif^t. 

For Pyle or Elts bound : but tempests tost 

Aad raging billows* drove ns on yoor const. 

In dead of night an unknown port we gain*d. 

Spent with fatigue, and alept secnreon land. 929 

But ere the rosy mom renew'd the day, 

While in th* embrace of pleasing sleep 1 lay^ 

Sudden, invited by anspidons gales. 

They land my goods, and hoist their flying satis. 

Abandoned here, my fortune I deplore, SSS 

A hapless exile on a foreign shore. 

Thus while he spoke the blue^y'd maid begM 
With pleasiuf^ smiles to view the godlike man; 
Then chang'd her f< rm : and now divinely biigh^ 
Jove's heavenly daughter stood confess'd to sight; 
Like a fair virgin in her beanty*8 bloom, SSI 

Skiil'd in th' illustrious labours of the loom. 

O stili the same Ulysses ! she r^oia'd. 
In useful craft successfully refined I 
Artful in speech, in action, and in mind 1 335 

SufficM it not, that, thy long labours past, 
Secure thou seest thy native shore at last? 
But this to me ,' who, like tliyself, excel 
In arts of counsel, and dissembling well ; 
To me i whose wit exceeds the powers divine, 340 
Vo less than mortals are surpaasM by thine. 
Know'st thou not me ? who made thy life my care* 
Thro' ten years' wandering, and thro* ten years* war i 
Who taught thee arts, A cino&s to persuitde, 
'So raise his wondei', and engage his aid ; MS 

And DOW appear, thy treasures to protect. 
Conceal tliy person, thy desgns direct. 
And tell what more thou must from Fate expect. 
Domestic woes fas heavier to be borne ! 
^Qie pride of fools* and slaves' iasttitiog scora* 300 



BOOK Xtll. TBS ODTanr* tl9 

But thoa be silent, ner reveal thy sUte; 
Yield to the force of nnreststrd ftte. 
And bear «iiiik>vM the wrongs of bese maQkind, 
The l«ftt» and hardest conquest of the mind. 

Ooddess of -wisdom ! Ithacvs leplies, 355 

He who discerns thee mvst be tmly wise. 
So seldom view'd, and evei in disguise. 
When the bold Argires led their warring powers, 
Against proud Ilion's well-defrnded towers ; 
tnysses was th j care, celestial maid t S60 

Grac'd with thy sight, and faTOor'd with thy aid. 
Bnt when tiie Trojan piles in ashes lay. 
And bound for Greece we plough'd the watery iray;- 
Oar fleet dispers'd and driven from coast to coast. 
Illy sacred presence from that hour I lost ; 365 

Till I beheld thy radiant form once more. 
And heard thy counsels on Pbseacia's shore. 
But, by th' almighty author of thy race, 
Tell me, oh tell, is this my native place i 
Tbr much I fear, long tracts of land and sea 3fd 
Bivide this coast from distant Ithaca ; 
The sweet delusion kindly you impose, 
Tu soothe my hopes, and mitigate my wbes. 

•Thus he, the blae-ey*d goddess thus ropiies. 
How prone to doubt, how cautious are the wise ! 
Who, vers'd in fortune, fear Uie flattering show, 376 
And taste not half the bliss the gods bestow. 
The more shall Pallas aid thy ju^t deaires. 
And guard the wisdom which herself inspires. 
Others, long absent from their native place, 380 
Straight seek their heme, and fly with eager pace 
To their wives' arms, and diildren's dear embrace. 
Not thus Viysses : he decrees to prove 
His subjects' faitli, and queen's suspected love ; 384 
"Who mourn'd her lord twice ten revolving years. 
And irasres the days in grief, the nights in tears. 
Bat Pallas knew (thy friends and navy lost) 
Once more 'twas given thee to behekl thy coast : 
Yet how could I with adverse Fate engage, 
AnA mighty Neptune's uafeleating mge ? 395 



t» THE ODT«SSV« BOOK XUSa 

Now lift thy loDging «ye^ while I restoie 
The pleasiag proHipect of fciiy native shore. 
Behold tin port of Phorcys ! fenc'd aroaiid 
With rocky mouotains, and witJi olive* erown'd. 
d^old the glooipy grot ! whose cool recess S§S 
Delights th^ Nereids of the ueighbouriog seas : 
Whose Dow-neglected altars in thy relga 
Blush'd with the blood of sheep and oxea slain. 
Behold ! where Neritua the clouds divides, 
And shakes the waviag forests on bis sides. 40O 

So spake the goddess ; and the' prospect cleaa'dk 
The mists dispers'd, and all the coast appeared. 
The king with joy confessed his place of birth. 
And on his knees salutes his mother-earth : 
Thep, with his suppliant hands upheld in air, 405 
Thus to the sea^reen sisters sends his prayer. 

All hail I ye vir^in^daag bters of the main < 
Ye streams, beyond my hopes beheld again ! 
To you once more your own IT lyases bows; 
Attend bis transports, and receive his vows ! 4fkO 
If Jove prolong my days, and Pa las crown 
The growing virtues of my youthful sou. 
To you shall rites divine be ever paid. 
And grateful offerings on your altars laid. 414 

Then thus Minerva. From that auxions breast 
Dismiss those cares, and leave to Heaven the rest* 
Our task be now thy treasur'd stores to save, 
Deep in the close recesses of the e^ve.: 
llieo future means consult — She spoke, and trod^ 
The shady grot, that brightened with the god. 420 
Tlie closest eaverns of the grot she sought ;' 
The gold, the brass, the robes, Ulysses brought; 
These in tlie secret gloom the cliief dispos'd ; 
The entrance with a rock tlie goddess cloa*d. 

Now, seated in the olive's sacred shade, 485 

Confer the hero and the martial maid. 
The goddess of the asure eyes began : 
Son of t.aei tes I nuich-experienc'd man f ' 
The suitor.train thy earliest care demand. 
Of that luxurious race to rid the land : 49(^ 



BOOK Xftib TRS ODTBSBT. ttf 

Tfar«e y^ars Uiy<lipiMa their lttwl«M nde has Meo, 
And proqd addresses to the matchless qneea. 
But she thy absence mourns ftx>m day to day. 
And inly hleeds, and silent wastes awey : > 
B^tti'^e of the bridal hour, site gives 4,10 

Fond hopes to all, and all vith b<^s daceivee. 

To this Ulysses. Oh» celestial maid i 
Prais'd be thy counsel, and thy timely aid t 
Else had I seen my native walls in vaio, 
like great Atrides, jittst restored and slidn. 4M 

Voachsafe the means of vengeance to debnte. 
And. plnn wUh aU tiiy arts tb« scene of fiite. 
Then, then be present, and my sonl inspire. 
As when we wiayt Troy's beaven-tmik walls in fire. 
Th^* leagued agtdnst me handred heroes stand, 445 
Hundreds shall fall, if Pallas aid my hand. 

She answer'd : In the dreadful day of fi|[ht 
Know, I am with thee, strong in all my might. 
If thou but equal to thyself be found, 440 

What gasping nombera dien shall press the ground t 
What human vicUms stain the feastful floor! 
How wide the pavements float with guilty gore f 
It fits thee now to wear a dark disguise. 
And secret walk unknown to mortal eyes. 
For this, mj hand shall wither every graee^ 459 
And every elegance of form and face, 
QSer thy smooth skin a bark of wrinkles spread. 
Turn boar the aubom honours of thy head. 
Disfigure every limb with coarse attire, 
And in thy eyes extingnish all the fire ; 400 

Add aU the wants and the decays of life ; 
Estrange thee firom thy own ; thy son, thy wife; 
From the loatb*d object every sight shall turn. 
And the blind suitors their destructfon scorn* 

Go first the master of thy herds to find, 46& 

True to his charge, a lojal swain and kind : 
For thee he sighs ; and to the royal heir 
And chaste Penelope extends his care. 
At the Coradan rctk he now resides, 
Where Arethusa's sehie water glides ) 4ir<i 



set THE ODT8SCT. BOOK SOtf » 

The table watir end the eepioot mast 
Swell the fmt herd; lazuriant, larxe repast! 
With him rest peecefol ie the raral cell. 
And all yoti ask his Mthful tonsrae shall tell* 
Me into oth«ir realms my cares convey, 4fB 

To Sparta, still with feUale beaatj gay: 
For know, to Sparta thy loT'd offspring cannv 
To learn thy fortunes from the voice of Fame* 

At this the fiither» with a father's care. 
Most he too suffisr ? he, oh" goddess ! hear 4M 

Of wanderings and of woes tf wretched share ? 
Through the wild ocean pldogh the dangerons way. 
And leave his fbrtones and his house a prey i 
Why wottld'st not thon, oh all-eaiighten*d mind ! 
Inform hon certain, and protect him, kind i 405 

To trhom Minerva. Be thy soni at rest ; 
And know, whatever Heaven ordains, is best. 
To Aime I sent him, to acquirer renown; 
To other regions is his virtue known : 
Seenre he sits, near great Atrides plac*d ; 4go 

With friendships strengtKen'd,aod with honors grae'd* 
But lo ! an ambosh waits his passage o*er ; 
Fierce foes insidious intercept the shore : 
In vain ; far sooner all the murderous brood 
This injured land shall fatten with their blood. 495 
She spake, then touch'd him with her powerful wand: 
The sldn shrunk up, and withered at her hand : , 

A swift old age o*er all his members spread ; 
A sudden frost was sprinkled on his head ; j 

Kor longer in the heavy eye-l>aU shin'd 500 

The glance divine, forth^beamiag from tiie mind. 
His robe, which spots indelible besmear, < 

In rags dishonest flutters with the air: ' 

A stag's torn hide is lapt around his retus ; 
A rugged staff hU trembling haod sustains ;■ 505 
And at his side a wretched scrip was hung, | 

Wide-natch d, and knotted to a twisted thong. 
So loo'k'd the chief, so mov'd : to mortal eyes I 

Object uncouth 1 a man of miseries ! 
While Pallas, cleaving the wide fields ef air^ 510 ' 

To Sparu flies, Telenachas her cart. 



TBS 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XIV. 



ARGUMENT. 

Jhe CoHOtnaiUm with Eummu. 

Ul jBses anivei io disguise at the house of EamsBttt, 
where he is received, entertained, and lodged 
-with the utmost hospitality. The several di8> 
courses of that faitiiful old servant, with the 
'feigned storj told by Ulysses to conceal himself, 
and other conversations on various subjects, take 
up this entire book. 



[ £84 ] 



BOOK XIV. 

BUT hfi, deep-musiDg, o*er the mountains straj*d 
Through mazy' thickets of the woodland shade, 
And cavernM ways, the shaggy coast along, 
"With cliffs and nodding forests overhung. 
Eumseus at his sylvan lodge he sought, 5 

A faithful servaat. and vrithont afauU. 
Ulysses found biuvbuiied^ as ht sabs 
Before the threaliuld of his rustic gate; 
Around, tlie mansion in a circle shone; 
A rura^ portico of n^gg^d stone 10 

([n absence of his lord/ with honest toil 
His own industrious hands had rais'd the pile). 
The wall was stone from neighbouring quarries borne. 
Encircled with a fence of native thorn. 
And strong with pales, by many a weary stroke 15 
Of stubborn labour hewi^ from heart of oak ; 
Frequent and thick. Witbin.the space were rear'd 
Twelve ample cells, tlie lodgements of his herd. 
Full fifty pregnant females each contain'd; 
Tlie males without (a smaller race,) remained ; tO 
boomM to supply the suitors' wasteful feast, 
A stock by daily luxury decreas'd ; 
Kov/ scarce four hundred left. These to defend, . 
Four savage dogs, a watchful guard, attend. 
Here sateJEumaeus, and his cares applyM S5 

To form strong buskins of well-season'd hide, 
df four assistants who his labour share. 
Three now were absent on the rural care ; . , 

The fourth drove victims to the suitor-train: 
But he, of ancient faith, a simple swain, 30 

Sigh'd. While he furnished the luxurious board. 
And weary*d heaven with wishes for his lord. 

Soon as Ulysses near th* inclosure drew. 
With open mouths the furious mastiffs flew : 
Down sate the 8i^e,-and cautious to withstand^ Sff 
Let fall th* offensive truncheon from his hand. 



BOOK mV. THEODYBSSr. Mi 

Sadden, (be master mns ; aloud he calls i ^ 

And from his has^ band' die leather fiiUs ; 
With showers of stones he drives them far awajr ; 
Ibe scattering dogs around at distance buj. 40 

Un^tappy stranger ! (thus tiie faithfvl swain 
Began with accent gracious and humane) 
What sorrow had been mine, if at mj gate 
Thy reverend age had met a shameful fate t 
Enovgh of woes already have 1 known ; 45 

Enougb my master^s sorrows and my own. 
While here (ungrateful task !) his herds I feed, 
Ordain'd for lawless rioters to bleed ; 
Perhaps, supported at another's board. 
Far from his country roams my hapless lord ! SO 
Or sigh*d in exile forth his latest breatii. 
Now cover'd with th* eternal shade of death I 

Bot enter this my homely roof, and see 
Our woods not void of hosp iialHy. 54 

Then tell me whence thou art, and what the share 
Of woes and wsnderiogs thou wert born to bear? 

He said, and, seconding the kind request, 
Witli friendly step precedes his unknown gaest. 
A shi^gy goat's soft hide beneath him spread. 
And with iresh rushes heap'd an ample bed ; 69 

Joy touch'4 the hero's tender soul, to find 
So Jnst reception from a heart so kind ; 
And, Oh, ye gods ! witii all your blessings grace 
(He thus, broke forth) this friend of human race! 

Ibe swain reply'd. It never was onr guise 65 
To slight the poor, or aught humane despise ; 
For Jove unfolds our hospitable door, 
Tts Jove that sends the stranger and the poor. 
Little, alas ! is all the good I can ; 
A man opprest, dependent, yet a man : 70 

Accept such treatment as a swain affords. 
Slave to the insolence of jouthfut lords 1' 
Far hence is by unequal god.s remov'd 
That roan of bouolies, loving and belov'd ( 
To wboni whate'er his ^ave enjoys is ow'd, 75 

And more, had Fate allow'd, had been bestou'd: 

Ka 



art THE ODTS8E7. BOOK XtT. 

Bat Fate condemned him to a foreign shore ; 
Mach have I sorrowed, bat my master morB. 
Now cold he lies, to death's embrace resiga'd: 
Ah, perish Helen ! perish all her kind ! 84 

For whose cars*d cause, in AgamemnoD*s name, 
lie trod so fistally the paths of Fame. 

His vest succinct then girdiog round his wais^ 
Forth rush'd the swain with hospitable haste. 
Straight to the lodgements of his herd he run, 85 
Where the fat porkere slept beneath the sun ; 
Of two, his ci^lass launched the spouting blood ; 
These quarter' d, sing*d, and fix'd on foiics of wood. 
All hasty on the hissing coals he threw ; 
And, smoaking, back the tasteful viands drew, 90 
Broachers and all ; then on tlie board displayed 
The ready meal, before Ulysses laid 
With flour imbrown'd ; next mingled wine yet new. 
And luscious as the bees' nectareous dew : 
Ilien sate companion of the friendly feast, 95 

With open look ; and thus bespoke his goest. 

Take with free welcome what our hands prepare. 
Such food as falls to simple servant's share ; 
The best our lords consume ; those thoughtless peers^ 
Kch without bounty, guilty without fears. lOO 

Yet sure the gods their impious acts detest, 
And honour justice and the righteous breast* 
Piraies and conquerors of hardened mind, 
The foes of peace, and scoui^es of mankind. 
To whom offending men are made a prey I05 

When Jove in vengeance giKes a land away ; 
Ev'n these, when of their ill-got spoils possess*4 
Find sure tormentors in the guilty breast: 
Some voice of God, close whispering from within* 
** Wretch ! this is villainy, and chis is sin." JlO 

But these, no doubt, some oracle explore. 
That tells, the great Ulysses is no more. 
Hence springs their confidence, and from our sighs 
Tlieir rapine strengthens, and their riots rise : 
CoasUat as Jove the night ^M day bestows, 115 
Bleeds a whole hecatomb, a^ntage flows. 



^aoK xtv. THE oDTSunr. Mr 

Kone match'd this bero*s wealth, of all who reign 

0*er the fair islands of the neighbouring main. 

Nor all the monarchs whose far-dreaded swsjr 

The wide-extended continents obey; ISO 

First, on the main-land* of Ulysses breed 

TweWe herds, twelve flocks, on ocean's margin feed; 

As many stalls for shaggy goats are rear'd ; 

As many lodgements for the tnsky herd ; 

Those foreign keepers guard : and liere are seen ISS 

Twelve herds of goats that graso our utmost green; 

To native pastors is their cliarge assign'd ; 

And mine the care to feed the bristly kind: 

Each day tlie fattest bleeds of either hted. 

All to the suitor's wasteful board preferHd. lAO 

Thns he benevolent : his unknown goest 
With hunger keen devours the savoury feast; 
While schemes of vengeance ripen in his breast. 
Silent and thoughtful while the board be ey*d, 
EumsBus pours on high the purple tide ; 119 

The king with smiling looks bis joy ezprest, 
And thus the kind inviting host address'd. 

Say now, what man is he, tiie Dsan depIoHd, 
So rich, so potent, whom you style your lord f 
Late with such afiBoence and possessions blest, HO 
And now in honour's glorious bed at rest. ' 

Whoever was the warrior, he must be 
To Fame no stranger, nor perhaps to Jne; 
Who, (so the gods, and so the fates ordain'd) 
Have wander'd many a sea, and many a land. 14i 

Sinall b the faith, the prince and queen ascribe 
(Beply'd Eumseus) to the wandering tribe.. 
For needy strangers still to flattery fly, 
And want tt>o oft betrays the tongue to lie. 
Each vagrant traveller, that touches here, IMOl 

Deludes with fallacies the royal ear. 
To dear remembrance makes his image rise. 
And calls tlie springing sorrows from her eye*. 
Soch thou may'st be. ^ Bat he whose name yo« 

crave 
llQalders in earth, or loiters on the waire, . . I9t 



fitt tHB CmTSSEt. BOOK ^IV. 

Or fiMd for fish •r 4og» his relics lie. 

Or torn by birds are scattet'd through the skjr* 

So perished he : and left (for ever lost) 

Mtich ivoe to all» but sure to me the most. 

So mild a teaiter never shall I find ; l$l> 

Xiess dear the parents, whom I left behind, 

liCss soft m J mother, less mf ftither kind. 

l^ot vith such transport would my eyes run o*er, 

Again to hail them in their natiTe shore; 

As lovM Ulysses once more to ttnbrace» 10$ 

Kestor'd and breathing in his natal place. 

tFhat name for ever dread, yet ever dear, 

3£v*n in his absence I pronounce with fear: 

In my respect, he bears a prince's part ; 

But lives a very brother in my heart. 170 

Thus tpoke the ftdthful swain, and thos rejoin'd 
The master of his grief, the man of patient mind. 
Ulysses, friend ! shall view hirold abodes 
O^lstmstful as thou art), nor doubt the g«ids. 
iHoT speak I rashly, but with faith averr'd, 171 

And what I'speak, attesting Heaven has heard. 
If so, a cloak and vesture be my meed ; 
Till his return, no title shall'l pleadj 
Though certain be my news, and great my need* 
'Wbom want itself can force untruths to toll* 180 
My soul detests him as the gates of hell. 

Thou first be witness, hospitable Jove ! 
And every god inspiring social love; 
And witness every household power that watts 
Guard of these fires, and angel of these gatos i 10} 
£re the next moon increase, or this decay. 
His ancient realms Ulysses shall survey^ 
In blood and dust each proud oppressor mourn, 
And the lost glories of his house return. 

Nor shall that meed be thine, nor ever more 190 
Shall lov'd Ulysses bail this happy shore 
(Replied Eummos) : to the present hour 
;Now turn thy thought* and joys within our power. 
From sad reflexion let my soul repose ; 
The ttamt of him awakes a tbvosand woes. 195- 



BMHC XPt, THE ObTSSEt. ^ 

Bat goard him, gods! and to these wat nttoftt ! 

ITot his true emismt can desire him moie ; 

Kot old Laertes, broken with despair ; 

Kot joang Telemachoa, bis blooming heir. 

Atas, Teleanehnsl my sorrows flow £00 

Afresh for thee, mj second cause of woe f 

lilte some Mr plant set by a hesTenly hand. 

He grew, he floortah'd, and he blest the land ; 

In all the youth his father^s image »hin*d, 

Bi^ht in his penon, brighter in his mind. $05 

What man, or god, deeciv'd his better sense, 

Far OB the swelling seas to wander hence f 

To distant Fylos hapless is he gone. 

To seek his fiither's fiate, and find his own ! 

¥l»r traitors wait his way, with dire design tlO 

To end at once the great Arcesian Une. 

Bat let OS lea^e him to their wills above ; 

The fates of iMa ar« in the hand of Jove. 

And now, my venerable guest I declare 

Tow name, your parents, and your native air : 215 

Sincere from' whence begun your course, relate, ^ 

And to what ship I owe the friendly freight ? 

'Ihus be : and thus (with prompt invention bold) 
The caatioos chief his ready story told. 

On dark reserve what better can prevail, ttO 

Or from the fluent tongue produce the tale, 
Than when two ftiends, alone, in peaceful place 
Confer, and wines and cates the table grace ; 
But most, the kind inviter*s cheerful fiaee ? 
Thus might we sit, with social goblets crown*d, fS5 
nil the whole circle of the year goes round ; 
Kot the whole circle of tiie year would close 
My long narration of a life of woes. 
Bat such wi^s Heaven's high will 1 Know then, I came 
From saered Crete, and firom a sire of fame: 830 
Castor Hylacides (that name he bore), 
Belov'd and honoured in his native shore ; 
Blest In his riches, in his children more. 
Sprung of a handmaid, from a bought embrace, 
I shu'd hit kiadoMs with %it lawful nc9 : «S5 



tSO TBE ODYS»T. BOOK 3UV^ 

Bat when tbftt fate, vhich all mijj»t uaderg<^» 

From earth remov'd bin to the shiMie« below ; 

The Urge domaio his greedy sons divide. 

And each ^as portionM as the lots decide. 

Little, alas ! was left my wretched share, tiO 

Except a house, a covert from the air : 

But what by niggard fortune was deny'd, 

A willing widow's copious wealth supply'd. 

Hy valour was my plea, a gallant mind 

That, true to honour, never lagg'd behind Si9 

(The Sex is ever to a soldier kiad)* 

Now wasting years my former strength confound. 

And added woes have bow*d me to the ground; 

Tet by the stubble you may guess the grain, 

And marK the ruins of no vulgar -man. 850 

Me, Pallas gave to lead the martial storv* 

And the fair ranks of battle to deform i 

Me, Mars inspired to turn the foe to flight. 

And tempt the secret ambush of tlie night. 

Let ghastly Death in all his forms appear, 255 

I saw him not, it was not mine to fear. 

Before the rest I rais*d my ready steel ; 

The first I met, he yielded, or he fell. 

But works of peace my soul disdain*d to bear. 

The rural labour, or domestic care. 96o 

To raise the mast, the missile dart to wing. 

And B«nd swift arrows from tbe bounding string. 

Were arts the gods made grateful to my mind ; 

Tliose gods, who turn (to various ends design*d) 

Tbe various thoughts and talents of mankind. £6$ 

Before the Grecians touched the Trojan pUin, 

Nine times commander or by land or main. 

In foreign fields I spread my glory fisr, 

Great in the praise, rich in the spoils of war : 

Thence charged with riehes, as Increas'd in fame, £70 

To Crete return*d, an honourable name. 

But when great Jove Uiat direftil war decreed. 

Which rous*d all Greeee,and made the mighty bleed; 

Our states myself and Idomen employ 

To lead their fletts, and cafQT death to Troy. f74 



BOOK XI7. THE ODYSSEV. tSfl' 

Nine yean we warr'd ; the tentli mw Illoa fall ; 

Homeward we saird» bat Heaven dispersed ot all. 

Oae only month my wife cnjoy'd my stay ; 

So wiird the God who gives and takes away. 

Nine ships I mana*d, equipped with ready stores. 

Intent to voyage to th* ^gyptian'shores; 881 

In feast and sacrifice my chosen train 

Six days consumid ; the seventh we ploagh*d Che mai». 

Crete's ample fields diminish to oar eye ; 

Before the Boreal blasts the vessels fly ; 8S5 

Safe through the level seas we sweep our way ; 

The steerman governs, and the ships obey. 

The fifth fair morn we stem th' Egyptian tide; 

And tilting o'er the bay the vessels ride : 

To anchor there my fellows I command, 9go 

And spies commission to exploro the land, 

But, sway'd by last of gain, and headlong will. 

The coasts they ravage, and the natives kill. 

'Ae spreading clamour to their city flies. 

And horse and foot in mingled tumult rise, 9^ 

Tlie reddening dawn reveals the circling fields. 

Horrid with bristly spears, and glancing shields. 

Jove thunder'd on their side. Our guilty head 

We turn'd to flight, tlie gathering vengeance spread 

On all parts round, and bieaps on heaps lie dead. 30O 

I then explored my thought, what course to prove 

(And sure the thought was dictated by Jove); 

Oh, had he left me to that happier doom. 

And sav'd a life of miseries to come 1 

The radiant helmet from my brows unlac'd, 305 

And low on earth my shield and javelin cast, 

I meet the monarch with a suppliant's face. 

Approach his chariot, and his knees embrace. 

Ha heard, he sav'il, he plac'd me at his side^ 

My state he pity'd, and my tears he dried, 310 

Restrain*d the rage the vengeful foe expressed 

And turn'd the deadly weapons from my breast. 

Pious ! to guard the boepi table rite. 

And- fearing Jove, whom mercy's works delight. 

In £gypt thus with peace and plenty blest, 315 
I liv'd (and happy till bad liv'd) a g«K9t. 



«« TfaE OPTBSET. BOOK XIV- 

On teven bright yMtn successive blessings wait; 

The .next cbang*d all the colour of my fate. 

A false Pbceaician, of insiduous mind, 

Vers'd in vile arts, and foe to human kind, SSO 

"With semblance fair invites me to his home ; 

I seia'd the proffer (ever fond to roam): 

Domestic in his faithless^roof T stay*d. 

Till the swift sun his annual circle made. 

To Ljbia then he meditates the way ; SC5 

With guileful art a stranger to betray. 

And sell to bondage in a foreign land : 

Much doubting, yet compeli'd, I quit the strands 

Through the mid seas the nimble pinnace sails. 

Aloof from Crete, before the northern gales: S80 

But when remote her chalky cliffs we lost, 

And far from ken of any other coast. 

When all was wild expanse of sea and air; 

Then doomed high Jove due vengeance to prepare. 

He hung a night of horrors o'ler their head 335 

(Tlie shadedH>cean blackened as it spread) ; 

He launch'd the fiery bolt ; from pole to pole 

Broad burst the lightnings, deep the thunders roll ; 

In giddy rounds the whirling ship is tost. 

And ail in clouds of smothering sulphur lost. 340 

Aa from a banging rock's tremendous height* 

The sable crows with intercepted flight 

Drop endlong; scared and black with sulphoroqs hue: 

So from the deck are huri'd the ghastly crew« 

Such end the wicked found ! but Jove's intent S4S 

Was yet to save th' opprest and innocent. 

Plac'd on the mast, (the last resource of life) 

With winds and waves I held unequal strife; 

For nine long days the billoWk dlting o'er. 

The tenth aoft wafts me to Thesprotia's shore. 330 

The monarch's son a shipwreck'd wretch reUev'd, 

The sir^ with hospitable rites receiv'd. 

And in bis palace like a brother plac'd. 

With gifts of price and gorgeous garments grac'd. 

While here I sojonrn'd. oft I heard the fane 355 

How late Ulysses to the country came. 



ZIT. TBE OOTaSET. OS 

How lovM, how hoaour'd, in this court he staj'd^ 
And here his vrhole collteted treunre l>y*d; 
I saw mjrself the vast ttanimber'd store 
Of stael elaborate, and refulgent ore» 300 

And bcaas high heap*d amidst the regal dome ; 
Immense supplies for ages yet to come 1 
Meanriaie he voyag'd to explore the will 
Of Jove, on high Dodona's holy hill» 
What means ndght best his safe return avail, 305 
To come in pomp, or bear a secret sail i 
Fall oft has Phidon, whilst he ponr'd the wine. 
Attesting solemn all the powers divine, 
That soon Ulysses would return, declared. 
The sailors waiting, and the ships prepared. SfQ 

Bnt first the king dismiss'd me from his shores. 
For fair Dullchium crown'd with fruitful stores ; 
' To good Acastos' friendly care consigned : 
But other counsels pleased the sailors' mind : 
Vew frauds were plotted by the faithless train, 975 
And misery demands me once again. 
Soon as remote from shore they plough the wave. 
With ready hands they rush to seiw their slave ; 
Tben with these tattor'd rags they wrapt me round 
(Stript of my own), and to the vessel bound. 380 
At eve, at Ithaca*s delightful land 
The ship arrivM : forth-issuing on the sand . 
They sought repast; while to th* unhappy kind. 
The pitying gods themselves my chains unbind. 
Soft I descended, to the sea apply'd 386 

My naked breast, and shot along the tide. 
Soon past beyond their sight, I left the flood. 
And took the spreading shelter of the wood. 
Their priae escap'd the foithless pirates moum'd ; 
But deem'd inquiry Vain, and to their ship retum*d. 
Screened by protecting gods fromhostlle eyes, 391 
. They led me to a good man aod a wise. 
To live beneath thy hospitable care, 
And wait the woes heaven dooms me yet to bear. 

Unhappy guest! whose sorrows touch my mind i 
(Thus good Eunwus with t sigh rejoiuM), Igi 



«Si TBB ODYSnT. BOOK XXW. 

For nal suffHingt since I grieve tiiicere. 

Check not wMh fallacies tiie springing tear ^ 

Nor turn tlie passion into groandtess joy 

For him, whom Heaven lias <iestin*d to destroy. 4fO% 

Oh ! had he perishM on some well-fonght day. 

Or in his Aiend*s embraces died away I 

That gratefnl Greece with streaming eyes migbt raise 

Historic marbles to record his praise ; 

His praise, eternal on the ftutlif al stone, 406 

Had with transmissive honours graced his son. 

Kow.snatch*d by harpies to the dreary coast. 

Sunk is the hero, and his glory lost ! 

\Vhile pensive in this solitary den. 

Far from gay dties and the ways of men, 410 

I linger life; nor to the court repair. 

But when the constant queen commands my care; 

Or when, to taste ber hospitable board, . 

Some guest arrives, with rumours of her lord; 

And these indulge their want, and those their woe. 

And here the tears, and there the goblets flow. 410 

By many such have I been wam'd ; but chief 

By one iEtolian robb*d of all beUef, 

Whose hap it was t6 this our roof to roam. 

For murder baMsh'd fromhis native home. 4tt 

He swore, Ulysses on the coast of Crete 

Staid but a season to refit lus fleet ; 

A few revolving months should wait him o*er, 

Fhiught with bold warriors, and a boundless store. 

O thou : whom age has taught to understand, ttf 

And heaven has guided with a favouring hand ! 

On god or mortal to obtrude a lie 

Forbear, and dread to flatter, as to die. 

If ot for such ends my house and heart are free^ 

But dear respect to Jove, and diarity. 490 

And why, oh swain of uiU>elieving mind ! 
^(Thns quick reply'd the wisest of mankind) 
I>oubt you my oath? yet more my fisitb to try, . 
A solemn compact let us ratify. 
And witness every power that rules the sky 1 435 
If here Ulysses from his labovn rest. 
Be then my prise a tonic and it vest j 



Andy trbars my ho|M8 invHariM, ttniiglit traasport 
In Mifety to Dalk^am*s fiteikBy eoait. 
Bat, If he greet* not thy desiring eye^ • 440 

Horl me firaar yea dreed predpiee on high ; 
The dne rewani of ftand and pej^jcrrj, 
Bonbtless, oh gnest f great tavd and praise ware 
nine 
(BeplyM the swain for spotless fititfa divine). 
If, after social ritet and gifts bestow*d, > 445 

I stain'd my hospitable hearth witii blood. 
How would the gods my righteous toils racoeed, 
And bless the band tiiat mule a strainer Meed ? 
Vo more— th' approaelilng honrs of silent night 

"Tlrst claim-reft9^on, then to rest inirite ; 4M 

Beneath our humble cottage let as haste. 
And here, nnenTy'd, rural dainties taste. 

Thus conunun'd these; while* to thtir lowly dome 
The fall-fed swine retttm'd with evening home; 
Compeird, reloctnat, to their several styes, 4M 

With din obstreperon^i and ungrateful cries, 
nien to the staves— Now from the herd the best 
Select, in honour of onr foreign guest : 
With him, let us the genial buiqnet share. 
For great and many are the griefs we bear; 46o 

While those who from our lid>ours heap their board, 
Blaspheme their feeder, and fo^et their lord. 

Thus speaking, with dispatcbful hand he took 
A weighty ax, and cleft the solid oak ; 
This on thti earth he pil'd ; a boar full fed, 465 

Of five years age, before the pile was led : 
TUS swain, whom acts of piety delight. 
Observant of the gods, begins the rite ; 
First shears the forehead of the bristly boar, 

' And suppliant stands, invoking every power 470 
To speed Ulysses to his nutive shore. 
A knotty stake then aiming at his head, 
Down dropt he groaning, and the spirit fled. 
The scorching flames cllmh round on every side : 
Then the sing'd members they with skill divide } 4?5 
On these, in rolls of fat iitvolv'd with art. 
The choicest morsels lay from ev^y part. 



iu§ xsm^ouimwr. book xnn 

Spme U tii« Umm b«»tre^4 wit)« floor they thM^; 

Some cut in fr«gneiits from the forks tliey drew: 

^|lwse while on several tables they dispose, 4M 

A priest himself the blanelfias rustic rose ; 

Expert the destia'd viotins to dispart 

In se^ea juat poitiots, pure oi hand and faMrt. 

One sacred to the nymphs apart they iay ; 

Another to the winged son of May : 4b$ 

The rural tiibe in common share the rest* 

The king th« chin*, the hoaonr of the feaat. 

Who sate ddighted at his servant's board ; 

The faithful servant joy 'd his unknown lord. 

Oh be thou dear (Ulysses cry'd) to Jore» 400 

A^ well thpu daim'st a gratefuUtraogvr's love ! 

Be tlien thy thanks (the bounteous swain roply'd) 
Enjoyment of the good the gods provide. 
From God'a own hand descend our joya-und woes ; 
These hu decrees, and he but suffers those: 405 

AU power is his, and whatsoe'er he wills, 
The will itself, omnipotent, fulfils. 
This Mkid* the first-fruits to the gods he gave^ 
Then pour*d of offer'd wine the sable wave : 
In great Ulysses* hand he plac*d the bowl, 500 

He sate, end sweet refection cheered bis souL 
The bread from canisters Mesauliu) gave 
(Eumastts* proper treasure bought thia slave. 
And led. from Taphos, to attend has board, 
A servant ^dded to his absent lord) ; 505 

His task it was ti\e wheateo loaves to lay. 
And from the banquet take the bowls away. 
And now the rage of hunger was represt. 
And each betakes him to his couch to rest. 

Now cane the night, and darkness eover'd o*er 510 
The faceof things ; the winds began to roar; 
The driving storm the watery west-wind pours. 
And Jove descends in deluges of showers. 
Studious of rest and warmtl), Ulysses lie^ 
Fo r ese ein g lirom the first the storm would rise ; 515 
In mere necessity of coat and cloak. 
With artful prefiMe to his hMt be apeksu 



Hear me, my friends t who this gved teaqoet f race; 
^ris sweet to play the fool in tme aad place. 
And wine can of their wits the wise begvile, 680 
Make the sage firoiic, and the serieas smil^ 
The grave in merry measnres frisk about. 
And many a long-repented word bring out. 
ftnce to be talkative 1 now commence^ 
Let wit cast off the sullen yoke of sense. 535 

Once I was atrong (would Iveaven restore these days !) 
And with my betters tiaim'd a share Upraise. 
IfiysseSy.llenelaus, led forth a band. 
And join'dme with them ft was theirown cmnmaBd) ; 
A«teathfal ambush for the foe to lay, 53O 

Beneath Troy walls by night we took our way : 
There, clad in arms, along the marshes spread. 
We made the osier-fringed bank our bed. 
Full soon th' inclemency of heaven I foel, 
Kor bad these shoulders covering, but of steel. A35 
Sharp blew the north ; snow whitening all the flelda 
Froae with the blast, »nd gathering glaa'd our shields. 
Tliere atl bat I, well fenc'd with cloak aad vest, 
liSy covered by their ample shields at rest. 
Fool that I was ! I left behind my own ; MO 

The skill bf weather and of winds unknown, 
And trusted to my coat and shield alone 1 
When now was wasted more than half i^e night. 
And the stars faded at approaching light; 
Sadden I jogg'd Ulysses, who was laid 545 

Fast by my side, and shivering thus I said : 

Here longer in this field I cannot lie ; 
The winter pinches, and with cold T die. 
And die asliam'd (oh wisest of mankind). 
The only fool who left his cloak behind. 550 

He thought, and answer'd t hardly waking yet. 
Sprang in his mind a momentary wit 
(That wit, which or in council, or in fig^ht. 
Still met tU' emergence, and determined right). 
Hnsh thee, he cryM (soft-whispering in my ear), 555 
Speak not a word* lest any Greek may hear— 
And then (supporting oa his arm his bead) 
Hear me, companions I (thus aloud he said); 



CSS l^K ODYSSCT^. BOOK XIV. 

Matfaiaks too dittMit from the field ve lie; 
Ev'n now a vision stood before my eye, 560 

"And sore the warning Tision was from high : 
Let from among us some swift courier rtse. 
Haste to the general, and demand aoppUes. 

Up started Thoas stra^ht, Andrsemon's sob» 
nimbly he rose, and cast his garment down ; 569 
Instant, the racer Taaish'd off tihe g9iuid ; 
That insUnt, In his doak I wrapt me round: 
And safe I slept, tUl bristly-dawning shone 
The mom conspicuoos on her golden throne. S6^ 

Oh were my strength as then, as then my age ! 
Some friend would fence me from the winter's rag*. 
Yet, tatter'd as I look, I challeng'd then 
The honours and the offices of men : 
Some master, or some servant, would allow 
A cloak and ▼est— 4Mit I am nodiing now ! 57^5 

Well hast thou spoke (r^join'd th* attentive swain) ; 
Thy lips let fall no idle word or vain ! 
Kor garment shalt thou waat, nor ought besid«. 
Meet, for tiie wandering suppliant to provide. 
But in the morning take thy clothes again, 580 

For. here one vest suffices eV«ry swain; -. 
ITo change of garments to our hinds is known: 
But, when returned, the good Ulysses* son 
With better hand shsll grace with fit attires 
His guest, and send thee where thy soul desim. 585 

The honest herdsman rose, as this he said. 
And drew before the hearth the stranger's bed: 
Tlie fleecy spoils of sheep, a goafs rough hide 
He spreads ; and adds a mantle thick and wide ; ' 
With store to heap above him, and below, 590 

And guard each quarter as the tempests blow. 
There lay the king and all the rest supine: 
All, but the careful master of the swtne : 
Forth hasted he to tend his bristly care; 
Well arm*d, and fenc'd against nocturnal air: 5^5 
His weighty falchion o'er his shoulder tied ; 
His shaggy cloak a mountain goat supplied ; 
With his broad spear, the dread of dogs and asen. 
He seeks his lodging in the rocky den. 
There to the tusky herd he bends his way, 000 

Where, screen'd iromBoreas, high o'erarch'd ihey lay. 



TMK 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XV. 



ARGUMENT. 

l%e Return qf Tdemachui. 

Hie goddess Mkienra commands Telemachas In si 
vision to return to Ithaca. Pisistratus and he take 
leave of Menelaus, aud arrive at Pylos, where they 
P^rt ; and Telemachas sets sail, after having re- 
ceived on board Theoclj menus the sootbsajer. 
The scene then changes to the cottage of Eumseus, 
who entertains Ulysses with a recital of lus ad- 
ventures. In the mean time Telemachas arrives 
oi^ the coast, and sending the vessel to Uie town, 
proceeds bj himself to the lodge of £am«U8. 



C «40 1 



BOOK XV. 

NOW had Minerva reacbM those ample plaans, 
FamM for the dance, where Menelaua reigiit ; 
Anxious she flies to great Ulysses' heir. 
His instant voyage challenged «ll her care. 
Beneath the royal portico display'd, -> t 

With Nestor's son Telemachus was layM; 
In sleep profound the son of Nestor lies ; 
Not thine, Ulysses ! Care nnseal'd his eyes: 
Restless he griev'd, with varioos fears opprest. 
And all thy fortunes roU'd within his breast. 10 

When, O Telemachus ! (the goddess said) 
Too long in vain, too widely hast thon stray'd. 
Thus leaving careless thy paternal right 
The robbers* prise, the prey to lawless might*' 
On fond pursuits neglectful while you roam, 15 

Ev'd now the hand of rapine sacks the dome. 
Hence to Atrides; and his leave implore 
To launch thy vessel for thy natal shore ; 
Fly, whilst tl^y mother virtuous yet withstands 
Her kindred's wishes, and her sire's commands ; 80 
Through both Eurymacbus pursues the dame. 
And with the noblest gifts asserts his claim. 
Hence therefore, while thy stores thy own remain; 
Thou koow'st the practice of the female train. 
Lost in the children of the present spouse , 25 

They slight the pledges of their former vows ; 
Their love is always with the lover past; 
Still the succeeding flame expels the last. 
Let o'er thy house some chosen maid preside. 
Till heaven decrees to bless thee in a bride. 30 

"Sui now thy more attentive ears incline. 
Observe the warnings of a power divine ; 
For thee their snares the suitor lords shall lay 
In Samoa' sands, or straits of Ithaca; 
To seise thy life shall lurk the murderous band, S5 
Bre yet thy footsteps presa thy native land. 



BOOK XV. TfiB ODTasir. Ml 

No— sooner far their riot end tfaeiriast 

All-coveriiig earth ^ali bnry deep in diut! • 

Then distant from thoacetter'd islaoda steer, 

Kor let the night retard thy fall career ; 40 

Thy heavenly guardians shall instruct the gales 

To smooth thy passage and supply thy sails : 

And when at Ithaca thy labour end8» 

Send to the town the vessel with thy fneuds; 

But seek thou first the master of the swine 45 

(For still to thee his loyal thoughts incline) ; 

There pass the night: while he his coarse pursues 

To bring Penelope the wish'd^for news. 

That thou, safe sailing from the Pylian strand. 

Art comes to bless her in thy jiative land. 50 

Thus spoke the goddess, and resum'd her flight 
To the (Htre regions of eternal light. 
Meanwhile Pisistratns he gently shakes. 
And with these words the slumbering youth awakes. 

Rise, son of Nestor ; for the road prepare, 55 
And join the hamese'd ooursers to the car. 

What cause, he cry'd, can justify oar flight* 
To tempt the dangers of forbidding night i 
Here wait we rather^ till approaching day 
Shall prompt our speed, and point the ready way. 
Nor think of flight before the Spartan king 6l 

Shall bid farewell, and bounteous presents bring; 
Gifts, which, to distant ages safely stor'd. 
The sacred act of friendship shall record. 

Thus he. But when tiie dawn besb'eak'd the ^ast. 
The king from Heien rose, and sought his guest, 66 
At soon as his approach the hero knew. 
The splendid ihantle round him first he threw. 
Then o'er his ample shoulders whirl the cloak, 
&6pectful met the monarch, and bespoke. ^0 

Hsdl, great Abides, favoured of high Jove ! 
Let not thy friends in vun for licence move. 
Swift let us measure back tlie watery way. 
Nor check our speed, impatient of delay. 

If with desire so strong thy bosom glows, 75 

lll» said th« king, should I thy wish oppose ; 



m ^on toTflttT. BOOK xi:. 

7or oft ia othm fmiif I vqimTtt 
The ilktiatfd effoiti of oAciow* lowj 
"Who lovo too aacb, bote in tho liks nxinmrn, 
iMid both the golden- moaia alike itondtli. W 

Alike he thvmrU the hoaiiitaUo end* 
Who drives th« free* or stays the hasty fiiead ; 
True friendships* laws are by this rale cjiprest» 
'Welcome the copHOg, speed the parting guest. 
Tet stay, my friends, and in your chariot take aft 
The noblest pnsenta that our love cen nrnke; 
Meantime commit «e to our women's eare» 
Some choice doiMstic vfiands to prepare^ 
Hie traveller, rising from the baaqeet gay, 
Undes the Idboursof the tedions «ay« go 

Then if a wid^r conrse shall rather please 
Through spacious Argos and the raelms of Oi e ece , ' 
Atiides in his chariot shall attend; 
Himself thy convoy to each royal friend. 
Ko prince will let Ulysses* heir remove 95 - 

Without some pledge, some monument of love: 
These will the canldroii, these the tripod >give, 
From those the well-pair'd mules we shall receive. 
Or bowl emboss'd whose golden figures live. 
To whom the youfh» for prudence fam*d, reply*d. lOd 
O monarch, care of Heaven ! thy people's pride ! 
Vo friend in Ithaca my place supplies, 
Vo powerful hands are th«re, no watchful eyes.: 
Hy stores expos'd and fenceless house deaaand 
The speediest succour from my guardian hand ; 105 
lest, in a search too anxious and too vain 
Of one lost joy, I lose what ;et remain. 

His purpose when the generous warrior heard. 
He charg'd the household cates to be prepar'd. 
Vow with the dawn, from his adjoining home, 110 
Was BoethoedesEteoneos come; 
Swift as the word he forms the rising blase. 
And o'er the coals the smoking fragmenta lays. 
Meantime the king, his ton, and Helen, went 
Where the rich wardrobe breathed r '. jstly scent. 
^e king* selected from the glittering rows U0 

A bowl; the prince a silver beaker chose. 



900K XV. TB£ ODTSSBT* 

The beauUooft qaMii Tevolv*4 with canM tyt^ 



Her Taziotts teatona of ttmnunber'd djpes, 

Asd chose the largest; with m» valger eft ISO 

Her own foir hands enbroidered every part; 

Beneath the cast it lay divinely iMlgb«, 

like radiaoL hesper o'er the gems of •igMw 

Then with each gift they hasten'd to their gneet. 

And thus the king Ulysses* heir addreat. ' 1£5 

Since fi<*d are thy resolTes, OMty thundeHng Jove 

With happiest omens thy desires approve f 

Hue silver bowl, whose costly margins shine 

Enchaa'4 with gold, this valv'd gift be thine ; 

IFo me this present of Vuloaalan frame, 130 

From 8wion*s hospitable monarch came ; 

To thee we now cunqign the preciovs load, 

The pride of kings» and labonr of a god. 

Then gave tiie cop, while Klegapettthe brought 
The silver vase with living acnlptnre wrought. 135 
The beaotooua 4|ueen, advancing next, display'd 
The shining veil* and thus endearing said. 

Accept, dear youth, this monument of love, 
.Long since, in better days, by Helen wove: 
4«fc in thy mother's care the vestnre lay, 140 

To deck thy. bride^ and graoe thy nvptlal day. 
Meantime ma^'st thou with happiest speed regain 
Tliy stately palaoe, and thy wide domain. 

She said, and gave the veil ; wltii gratefol look 
The prinee the variegated present took. 145 

And now, when thro* the royal dome they passed, 
High on a throne die iting each stranger pl8C*d. 
A golden ewer th* attendant damsel brings, 
Xeplete with water fiRHn the crystal springs ; 
With copsovs streams the shining vase supplies 150 
A silver laver of capacious sise* 
They wash. The tables in' fhir order spread. 
The glittering canalttera are orowv*d -with bread j^ 
Viands of variotts kinda allure the taste, 
Of choicest sort and savour ; rich repast I i$6 

Whilst Eteoneos portions out the shares, 
Atrides* son the^purple dranght prepares. 



1 



IBM THifi ODTSSEIT. BOOK XT. 

And now («ach wted trith the genial fsMt, 
And th« short rage of thirst and hunger ceas'd) 
Ulysses* son, with bis illttstrions friend, 1^ 

The horses join, the polish'd car ascend. 
Along the court the fiery steeds rebonnd. 
And the tride portal echoes to the sound. 
The king precedes ; a bowl with fragrant wine 
(libation destin'd to the powers divine) t€S 

His right hand held : before the steeds be stands. 
Then, mixt with prayers, he utters these commands. 

Farewei, and prosper, youths ! let Nestor know 
What grateful tlioughta still in this bosom glow, 
for all the proofs of his paternal care, 170 

Through the long dangers of the ten years* war* 
Ah I doubt not our report (the prince rejoia*d) 
Of all thes.virtttes of thy generous mind. 
And oh 1 returned might we Ulysses oieet I 
To him thy presenls show, thy words ropeatx 1J5 
How will each speech bts grateful wonder raise t 
How will each gift indulge us in tliy praise! 

Scarce ended thus the prince, when on the right 
Advanc'd the bird of Jove : auspicious sight I 
A milk-white fowl his clindiing talons bore, 180 
With care domestic pamper'd at the floor. 
Pedants in vaia with threatening cries ponoe. 
In solemn speed the bird majestic flew 
Full dexter to the car: the prosperous sight 
^li'd every breast with wonder and delight. 185 

But Nestor's son the cheerful silenoe broke. 
And in these words the Spartan chief bespoke. 
Say, if to us the gods these omens send. 
Or faies» peculiar to thyself portend i I89 

Whilst yet the monarch paused, with doubts opprest. 
The beauteous queen reliev'd his labouring breast. 
Hear me, she cried, to whom the gods have given 
To read this sign, and mystic sense of Heaven. 
As thus the plumy sovereign of the air 
Left on the mountain's brow his callow care, 19$ 
And wander'd through the wide etherial way 
To pour his wratb on yon lusnriouft pvey s 



HOOK XV. TH* OXmSET: uS 

So shall tliy godliH ftther, tossM in vain 
Through all the daDgen of the bonndiess main. 
Arrive (or is perchance already come) 20^ 

Rom slaughter'd glcttons to release the dome. 
Oh ! if this promisM bliss by thundering Jove 
(The prince replied) stood fix'd in fiite above ; 
To thee,, as to some god, I'll temples raise. 
And crown thy altars with the costly blaze. «orf 

He said ; and, bending o'er his chariot, fli^ng 
Jkthwart the fiery steeds the smarting thong; 
Hie bounding shafts upon the harness play, 
Till night descending intercepts the way. 
To Diodes at Pher«, they repair, f 10 

"Whose boasted sire was sacred Alpheus' heir; 
With him all night the yonthftil strangers stay*d, 
Kor found the hospitable rights unpay'd. 
Bat socm as morning From her orient bed 
Had ting'd the mountains with her earliest red, 215 
They joined the stteds, and on the chariot.sprun^. 
The brasen portals in their passage rung. 

To Pylos soon they came ; when thus begun 
To Nestor's heir Ulysses' godlike son : 
I«t not Pisistratns in vain he prest, S0§ 

Nor unconseoting hear his friend's request ; 
His friend by long hereditary claim, 
In toils his. equal, and in years the same. 
No farther from ottr vessel , I implore. 
The coursers drive ; but lash them to the shore. 8S5 
Too long thy father would. his friend detain ; 
I dread his proffer'd kindness urg'd in vain. 

The hero paus'd, and ponder'd this request, 
While love and duty warr»d within hir breast. 
At length resolv'd, he tum*d his ready hand, S30 
And lash'd his panting coursers to the strand. 
There, while within the poop with care he stbr*d 
The regal presents of the Sparten lord ; 
With speed begone <said he); cali every mate, 
Xr« ;et to Nestor I the tale relate : 835 

Tis true, the fervour of his geneA>u8 heart 
Brooks so repnls^ nor couldst tiioatoon depart; 



fl6 THB QOYttKT. BOOK aCT. 

mms^f will Mek thes hen, nor wilt lho« tai^ 
In words alone, the Fyliaa mooarah kind. 
But when, mrriVd, ha thy ratarn »hnU knoi«v fli9 
How will bis bieast with honnst Aurj glow i 
This said, the sooadimg stsokes his horses &t% 
And soon he reech'd the palace of hie siee. 

Now (cried Telemachns, with speedy oafe» 
Hoist every saiU aod every oar prepare. 94tf 

Swift as the word his wtUing mates obey. 
And seize tb^ir seats, iapalaoat Sw the sea. 

Meantime the prince with sacrifice adoras 
Minerva, and her g uardian aid iBa|dof«s; 
When lo ! a wretch ran breathless Co the shora* SM 
Kew from his crime, and reekiag yeC with goie. 
A seer he waa, from great Melampns spmag^ 
Melampos, who in Pylos fiotfrisK'd long, 
Till, urg*d tor wrongs, a foreign realm be choee» 
Far from the hateful cawse of aU his woes. SA( 

Neleus bis treasures one long-year detains ; 
As long, he groan'd in Philacos's chains; 
Meantime, what anguish, and what rage, combin'd. 
For lovely Pero rack'd his labouring mind! 
Yet 'scap'd he death; and vengeful of his wrong 960 
To Pylos drove the lowiog horde along: 
Then (Neleus vanquish'd, and cousiga^d the fiur 
To Bias' arms) he^sought a foreign air; 
Argos the rich for lus retreat be chose. 
There form'd his «mpiie; there bb palace rose. 96t 
From him AotiphatM and BAantios caara : 
The first begot O'icleoa great in faase. 
And he Amphtaraus, immortal name ! 
The people's saviour, and divinely wise, 
Belov'd by Jove, and him who gilds the sUes. iBfd 
Yet short hb date of Ufe! by female pride be dioa. 
From Maotius Clitus, whom Aurora's i99B 
Snatch'd for hts beauty to the tbnmeo abov*; 
And Felypbides, on whom Phmbus shone 
HVICb faliest rajs, Ampbiaratts now gone; WfS 

Jn Hypereaia's groves be made abode, 
AAd taught manklod Qm counsels of tba ged. 



r 



BOOK xfi ns oD^aWl^. . iiBtt 

ftom bimHifMUli Theoclytettrat, who fotifld 
(The sacred ^oe ycrt fbaiiiiag on the ground) 
Ttdemachns : wholn, m to Hesven he pretft fe8^' 

His arlleMvtfWB, the tttanger thus addirest. 

O thott ! ttet dost tiiy happy bourse prepare 
With pare libations alitt with sblemn prayer; 
By that drclMl pcnro- to Whotai dfy vows aris iteld; 
9^ all the lives of thesfr; tliy own dear head, Ift9 
X>eolare sincwely to no ftte*s deihbnd 
Thy name, thy lineage, and paternal land. 

Prepare then, said Telemaehos, to kno# 
A tala firom iaItduMNi free, not free from woe* 
Wkwn Ithaca, of voyal birth, I caihe. 
And gnat Vlynses (dver hononi^ name !) 
Was once my sirb, though now for ever lost, ^ 
lo Stygian gloom he^lides a penstre ghost ! 
Whose ftte mquiring through the world we rove ; 
The .last, the wretched proof of filial love. S0f 

The stranger flien. Nor shall I ought eonb'eal. 
But the dire secret of my iaie reveal. 
Of my own tribe an Ai<gtve wretch I slew ; 
Whose powerful friends the luckless deed pursue 
With unrelenting rage, and force frotn home 900 
The blood>stain*d exile, ever doom'd to roam. 
But bear, oh bear me oVr yon asure flood; 
Keceive the suppliant ! spare my destined blood ! 

Stranger (replied the piidce) se<ri]rely rest 
Affianc*d in our faith ; h^ceforth our guest. SOS 
Hius a£Fable, Ulysses' godlike heir 
Takes from the strsnger^s hand the glittering spear; 
He climbs tlie ship, ascends the stern with haste. 
And by his side the guest accepted plac'd. 
The chief his orders gives : th' obedient band 310 
With due observance wait the chiefs command ; 
With speed die mast they rear, with speed unbind 
Tlie spacious sheet, and stretch it to the wind. 
Minerva calls; the ready gsles obey 
With rapid sp^ed to whirl them o'er the sea. 3li 
Crunos they pass'd, next Chklcb rolled hWay, 
When thickeniag darkness dos'd the doobtftU dayf. 



M XHEODTSSBT. BOOK XV 

Tbe silTtr Phea^s gUttertag tills tihey lost. 

And skimmed along bj Elis* sacred coastp 

Then cautious through the rocky reaches wind, 9fl0 

And, turning sudden, shun the death desiga'd. . 

Meantime the kiQg, Eumseus, and the rest* 
Sate in the cottage, at their rural feast : 
The banquet past, and satiate every maa, 
70 try his host, Ulysses thus began. aS5 

Tet one night more, my friends, indulge your guest; 
The last I purpose In your walls to rest: 
To-morrow for myself I must provide, 
And only ask your counsel, and a guide ; 
* Patient to roam the street, by hunger led. 
And bless the friendly hand that gives me biread. 
There in Ulysses* roof I may relate • 

Ulysses* wanderings to his royal mate; 
Or, mingling with the suitors' haughty train* 
"Not undeserving some support obtain. 
Hermes to me his various gifts imparts, 
Patron of industry and manual arts : 
Pew can with me in dextrous works contend. 
The pyre to build, the stubborn oak to rend ; 
To turn the tasteful viand 6*et the fiame; 349 

Or foam the goblet with a purple stream. 
Such are the tasks of men of mean estate, 
"Whom fortune dooms to serve the rich and great. 

Alas ! (Eumsus with a sigh rejoin'd) 
How sprung a thought so monstrous in thy mind I 
If on that godless race thou wouldst attend, 346 
Pate owes thee sure a miserable end ! 
Their wrongs and blasphemies ascend tlie sky. 
And pull descending vengeance from on high, 
^ot such, my friend, the servants of their feast ; S50 
A blooming train in rich embroidery drest, 
"With earth's whole tribute tbe bright table beixds. 
And smiling round celestial youth Atends. 
Stay then * no eye askance bebolds thee here : 
Sweet is thy converse to each social ear ; 355 

Well pleas'd, and pleasing, in our cottage rest, 
Tll\ good Telemachtts accepts his guest 



aOOK Xr, tHE ODTSSBT. f 49 

With geaisi ^Ub, Md ehaafe of fair attires. 
And safe tamref Ihee where thjr soal desbes. 

To him die mtm of woes. O gractous Jove I sOO 
Reward this stranger's hospitable loire I * 
Who kaows tha son sf sorrow to relieve, 
Ctaaavft the sad heart, nor lets aflHctioii grieve. 
Of all the tUs mlMppj mortals know, 
A life of waoderiiigs is the greatest woe: s05 

On ail their wetfjT ways wait care and pain. 
And pliie, and pennry, a meagre train. 
To such a man since harl»oar you afford. 
Relate the fiurther Ibrtvnes of your lord ; 
'What cues his mother's tender breast engage, 370 
And sl#e fbrsakeii on the rerge of age ; 
Beneath the sun prolong they yet their breath, 
Or range the hoase of darkness and of death ? 

To whom tiie swain. Attend what you inquire; 
Laertes lives, the ndseraUe sire, 375 

lives, bat insptores of every power to lay 
Ihe burden down, and wishes for the day. 
Tom ht>m his efispring in thto eve of life, 
Tom from th* embraces of his tender wife, 
tale, and all comfortless, he wastes away ' 3^ 
Old age, untimely posting ere his day. 
She too, sad mother, for Ulysses lost 
Pin*d out her bloom, and vanished to a ghost 
(So dire a fate, ye righteous g^ds! avert, 
Prom every friendly, every feeling heart !) itBS 

While yet she was, tiiough ctoaded o*er with grief. 
Her pleasing converse ministeyd relief: 
With Ctimene, her youngest daughter, bred. 
One roof contain'd us, and one table fed. 
Sot when the softly-stealing pace of time 3^ 

Crept on from childhood into youthful prime. 
To Samos* isle she sent the wedded fair ; 
Me to the fields, to tend the rural care ; 
Array'd in garments her own hands had wove, 
VoT less the darling object of her love. ' ^gj 

Her hapless death my brighter days o*ercast, 
Tet Providence deserts me tiot at last; 

hi 



1^50 THE ODTSSST. BOOK XV. 

My present labours food and drink, proeare. 

And more, the pleasure to relieve th« poor. 

Small is the comfort from the queen to hear 400 

Unwelcome news, or vox the. royal ear ; 

Blank and discountenanc'd the servants stand, 

l^or dare to qu^tion where the proud command: 

No profit springs beneath usurping powers ; 

Want feeds not there, where luxury doTOurs, 405 

Nor harbouis charity where riot reigns: 

Proud are the lords, and wretched ar« the swains. 
The suffering cliief at this began to melt ; 

And, Oh Enmaeus ! thou (he cries), has felt 

The spite of fortune top ! her cruel hand 410 

Snatch'd thee an infant from thy native land! 

Snatch'd from thy parento* arms, thy paients' eyes. 

To early wants ! a man of miseries ! 

Thy whole sad story, from .its first declare : 

Sunk the fair city by the rage of war, 4» 

Where once thy parents dwelt ? or did they keep» 

In humbler life, the lowing herds and sheep ? 

So left perhaps to teudxhe fleecy train. 

Rude pirates seiz'd, and shipped thee o>r the main? 

I)oom*d a fair prize to grace some prince's board, 400 

The worthy purchase of a foreign lord. 
If then my fortunes can delight my friend, 

A story fruitful of evenU attend: 

Another's sorrow may thy car enjoy,. 

And wine the lengthen*d intervals employ. 4S5 

Long nights the now declioiug year bestows; 

A part we consecrate to soft repose, 

A p»rt iu pleasing talk we entertain ; 

For too much rest iuelf becomes a pain. 

Let those, whom sleep invites, the call obey, 4$0 

Their cares resuming with the dawning day: 

Hefe let us feast, and to the feast be joinM 

Discourse, the sweeter banquet of the mind; 

Review tlio series of our lives, and taste 

The melancholy joy of evils past : 4S5 

For he who much has suffered, much will know ; 

, And pleased remembrance builds delight on woe« 



BOOK Zy. THE ODYSSET. <5t 

AboTe Ortjgia lies an isle of fuse» 
Far hence remote, and Syria is the name 
(There corioas ejes iiiscrit>*d with wonder trace 449 
The suD*s diomaly and his annual race) ; 
H^ot laife, but frnitfol ; stor'd with grass, to keep 
The bellowing oxen and the bleating sheep i 
Her sloping hills the mantling vines adorn, 
And her rich valleys wave with golden com, 4i5 
Vo want, no famine, the glad natives know, 
19^or sink by sickness to the shades below ; 
But when a length of years unnerves the strong, 
Apollo comes, and Cynthia comes idong. 
They bend the sUver bow with tender skill,, 450 
And, void of pain, the silent arrows kill». 
Two equal tribfcs this fertile land divide, 
'Where two fair cities rise with equal pride.. 
But both iu constant peace one prince obey. 
And Ctesius there, my father, holds the sway. 4ft5' 
Freighted, it seems, with toys of every sort 
A ship of Sidon anchor'd in our port; 
What time it clianc*d the palace cntertaia'd^ 
8killM in rich works, a woman ot their laud : 
Th^s nymph, where anchor'd the Phoenician train, 4dO' 
To wash her robes descending to the main, 
A smooth-tongu'd sailor won her to his mind 
(For love delves the best of womankind). 
A sudden trust from sudden liking grew ; 
She told her name, her race, and all she knew. 46^ 
I too (she cry*d) from glorious Sidon cakne. 
My father Arybas, of wealthy fame : 
But, snatch'd by pirates from my native place, 
TheTaphiana sold me to this man's embrace. 

Hsste then (the false designing youth reply'd), 470 
Haste to thy couutry; love shall be thy guide;. 
Haste to thy father's house, thy father's breast, 
For still he lives, and lives with riches blest. 

" Swear first (she cry'd), ye sailors ! to restore 
" A wretch in safety to her native shore." 47& 

Swift as she ask'd, the ready sulors swore. 
She .then proceeds: Now let our compact made 
Be nor by signal nor by word betray'd. 



f&l TBS ODTSBST. BOOK ZV« 

Kor near me my of yoor crew dmepf*4. 
By road frequented, or by ftmataiii fide* 480 

Be aUente still our guard . The aaoDMdi% «pi«s 
(For watchful age is ready to somiise) 
Are still at hand ; and this, reveai'd, ttust be 
Death to yonrseWes, eternal chains to aw. 
Your vessel loaded, and yoor traffie past, 4BS 

Dispatch a wary messenger ndth haste : 
Then gold and costly treasures will I bring, 
And more, the inftrnt-offspring of tke king. 
Him; chilU-like wandering forOi, 1*11 lead awny 
(A noble prise !) and to your ship coiMrBy. 400 

Thus spoke tiie done, and homeward took tiM 
road. 
A year they traftc, and their vessel load. 
Their stores complete, and leady now to wc4gh, 
A spy was sent Uieir summons to convey: 
An artist to my fktiier*8 palace came, 4^5 

With gold and amber chaias, elaborate frame: 
Each female eye the gKttoriag links employ. 
They turn, review, they cheapen every toy. 
He took th' occasion, as they stood intent, 
Gave her .the sign, and to his vessel went. M# 

She straight punn'd, and seis'd my wHling arm ; 
I fbllow*d smiling, innocent of harm. 
Three golden goblets in the porch she foand ' 
(The guests not entered, bat the table erown'd); 
Hid in her frandful bosom tliese ehe bore: 
Kqw set the sun, and darken'd ail the shoiw. 
Arriving then, where tilting on the tides 
Prepared to launch the fr^g^ted vessel ridee ; ' 
Aboard tiiey heave oA, mount tiieir decks, and sweep 
"With level oar along the glassy deep. 5M 

Six cttlmy days, and six suiooth nights we •all. 
And constant Jnve snpply*d the gentle gale. 
The seventh, the fraMfiil wretch (no cause dMctled), 
Touch'd by Di»na*s vengeful arrow, died. 
Down dropt the cail&ff4x>rse, a worthless IoskH 6t$ 
Down to the deep ; there roU'd, the future ftod 
Of fieree sea-wolves, and monsCers of the il*ed« 



BOOK XT. TSS<MMrB»r» iSt 

An helpless iofsnt, I lenafto'd babiaa ; 
Ibeace boms to Itimee by vsve mhI waa4 ; 
Sold to lAectes by diyiamcommutdt 5fl9 

Aod now adopted to s fioreigA lead. 

To him the Idng. Recitiiig thiu thy eam^ 
My secret soel tn aU thy sorrows shares ; n 
But one choice blessKBg (snch b Jove's high will) 
Has sweeten'd all thy bitter draught of ill : tffiS 
Tom fromrthy ooiintry to no hapless end, 
The gods have, in a msstrr, givea a friend* 
Whatever frugal natore needs is thaae 
(For she needs little), daily bread and wia^. 
While I, so laany wanderings past, and woes, 530' 
Live bnt on what thy pov«rty bestows. 

So past in pleasing dialogne away 
Tfate night; then dewn to short riipoee they lay ; 
Till radiant rose the messei^sesr of day. 
While in the port of Ithaca, the band 535 

Of young Telemachtts approach'd the land ; 
Their sfcils they loos'd, they Ush'd the mast aside. 
And cast their anchors, aod the cables tied : 
Then, on the breesy shore, descending, join 
In gratefiid banquet o*er the rosy wine. 540 

When thus Oie prince: Now each his course pursue ; 
I to the fields, and to the city yoa. 
Long absent hence, I dedicate this day 
lEy swains to visit, aod the works survey. 
Expect me with the mom, to pay the skies 545 

Our debtef safe retarn in feast and sacrifice. 

Then Theocly menus. But who shall lend. 
Meantime^ protection to tiiy stranger friend? 
•tvaight to the (|neen and palace shall I fly. 
Or yet more distant, to some lord spply i AM 

The prince retnm'd. Renown'd ia days of yora 
Has stood our fisther's hospitebda door; 
No otiiep roof a stranger should receive, 
ITor other hands than ours the welcpme gi^e^ 
But in my absence riot lills the place, $$$ 

Nor bears the modest ^ueen a stranger's Aice; 
From neieef ul revel kst remote she flies. 
But rarely seen, or seen with weeping eyes. 



£54 TtlE 0CTS8EY. BOOK XV. 

Ko — ^let EarymMhat receive my guett. 

Of nature ooarteom, and by far the best; S60 

He wooes the queen with more respectful flame. 

And emulates her former husband's iame : 

With what success, 'tis Jove's alone to know, 

And the hop'd nuptials tum*d to joy or woe. 
Thus speaking, on the right up-soar'd in air 56S 

The hawk/ApoUo's swift-wing'd messenger; 

His deathful pounces tore a tremtffing dove ; 

The clotted feathers, scattered from above. 

Between the hero and the vessel pour 

Tliick plumj^e, mingled with a sanguine shower. 570 
Th' observing augur took the prince aside, 

Seiz'd by the hand, and thus prophetic cry*d. 

Ton bird that dester cuts th* aiSrial road, 

Rose ominous, nor flies without a god : 

If o race but thine shall Ithaca obey, 07^ 

To thine, for ages, Heaven decrees the sway. 

Succeed the omen, gods ! (the youth rejoin'd) ; 
Soon shall my bounties speak a grateful mind, 
And soon each envied happiness attend 
The man, who calls Telemachus his friend. 560 

Then to Peiraens — Thou whom time has prov*d ' 
A faithful servant, by the prince b«lov*d ! 
Till we returning shall our guest demand. 
Accept this charge with bopour, at our hand. 

To this PeirsBus: Joyful I obey, 585 

Well pleased the hospitable rites to pay. 
The presence of thy guest shall best reward 
(If long thy stay) the absence of my lord. 

With that, their aodiors he commands to weigh, 
Mount the tall bark, and launch into the sea. 505 
All with obedient hdste forsake the shores. 
And plac'd in order, spread their equal ears. 
Then from the deck the prince his sandals takes ; 
Pois'd in his hand the pointed javelin shakes. 
They part ; wiiile, lessening from the hero's view, 595 
SHrift to the town the well>row'd galley flew ; 
The hero trod the margin of the main. 
And reach'd the mansion of his faithful swai^. 



THE 



ODYSSEY, 



BOOK ZVI. 



AROUM£)7T. 

The DiKovcry qf Ulysses to Tdemachus, 

Telemachtts uriving at the lodge of Eomseus sends 
him to carry Penelope tlie news of his return. Mi- 
nerva appearing to Ulysses, commands him to dis- 
cover himself to his son. The princes who had 
lain in ambush to intercept Telemachns in his way, 
their project being defeated, return to Itiiaca. 



t *66 1 

BOOK ZVI. 

COOK as the morning blaah'tHtloog the plains, 
^ Ulysses, and the monarch of the swains. 
Awake the sleeping fires, their meal prepare. 
And forth to pasture send the bristly care. 
The prince's near approach the dogs descry, S 

And fawning round his feet confess their joy. 
Their gentle blandishment the king survey'd. 
Heard his resounding 'step, and instant said : 

Some well'known friend (Eumaeus) bends diis way; 
His steps I hear ; the dogs familiar play. 10 

While yet he spoke, the prince advancing drew 
Nigh to the lodge, and now appeared in view. 
Transported from his seat Eamaeus sprung. 
Dropped the full bowl, and round his bosom hong ; 
Kissing his cheek, his hand, while from his eye 15 
The tears rainM copious la a shower of joy. 
As some fond sire who ten long winters grieves. 
From ft>reigtt climes an only son reoeivea 
(Child of his age), with strong paternal joy 
Forward he springs, and clasps the fisvouriteboy : 20 
So round the youth his arms Eumaeus spread. 
As if the grave had given him from the dead. ^ 

And is it thou t my ever-dear delight I ^ 

Oh art thou come to bless my longing sight ! 
Never, I never hop*d to view this day, 25 

When o'er the waves yon ploughed the desperate way. 
Enter, my child ! Beyond my hopes restor'd, 
O give these eyes to feast upon their lord. 
Enter, oh seldom seen ! for lawless powers 
Too much detain thee from these sylvan bowers. 30 

The prince reply'd^ Eomaeos, T obey ; 
To seek thee, friend, I hither took my way. 
But say, if in the court the queen reside. 
Severely chaste, or if commenced a bride? 

Thus he; and thus the monarch of the swains : S5 
Severely chaste Penelope remains ; 
But, lost to every joy, she wastes the day 
In tedious careS; and weeps the night f way. 



BOOK XVI. THS ODT8SET. tST 

He ended (and receiving as thej paM 
The javelin, pointed with a atar of bfaas), 4D 

The; reach 'd the dome ; tbe dome with nuurble shin^d. 
His seat Ulysses to tbe prince resigned • 
l^ot so (exclaims the prince -with decent graee) : 
Por me, this house shall find an humbler place : 
T usurp the honours due to silver hairs 45 

And reverend strangers, modest jouth forbears. 
Instant the swain the spoils of beasts supplies. 
And bids the rural throne with osiers rise. 
There sate the prince : the feast £um»as spread* 
And heapM the shining cannisters with bread. 00 
Thick o'er the board the plenteous viands lay, 
^e frugal remnants of the former day. 
Then in a bowl he tempers generous wines. 
Around whose verge a mimic ivy twines. 
And now, the rage of thirst and hunger fled, 55 

Thus young Ulysses to Eumeus said. 

Whence, father, from what shore this stranger, say) 
What yessel bore him oVr the watery way i 
To human step our land impervious lies, 
Aqd round the coast circumfluent oceans rise.' €0 

The swain returns. A tale of sorrows hear : 
In spacious Crete he drew his natal air. 
Long doom*d to wander o^er the land and main, 
Por Heaven has wove his thread of life with pain. 
Half breathless 'scaping to the land he flew 65 

From Thesprot mariners, a murderous crew. 
To thee, my son, the suppliant I resign ; 
I gave him my protection, grant him thine. 

Hard task, he cries, th^ virtue gives thy friend. 
Willing to aid, unable to defend. "JO 

Can strangers safely in the court reside, 
'Midst the swellM insolence of lust and pride ?' 
Ev'n I unsafe : the queen in doubt to wed, 
Or pay due honours to the nuptial bed i 
Perhaps she weds regt^rdless of her fame, 75 

Deaf to the mighty Ulyssean name. 
However, stranger ! from our grace receive 
Sudi honours as befit a prince to give ^ 



tn THi oBirssflrr. book vn* 

Sandals, a vwofd md robes, respect to prote, 

Aad safe to saH -wifli ^raameiits of lot«. 80 

TUl Uiaa, thj goest aaiid the rural train, 

Far from the ooart, from danger far, detain. 

Tis ibitfe witik food the1itingr}i to sopp!y. 

And ctotiie Che naked from th' Inclement sky. 

Bere dwell in safety from th' suitors* wrongs, 8S 

And the rude insults of nttgo\'em'd. tongues. 

For shoaldst flmu suffer, poweiless to relieTe, 

I must behold it, and can only^ grieve. 

Xlia'tNrave encompassM by an hostile train, 

O*erpower'd by numbers, is but brave in r$lta. ^ 

To whom, while anger in his bosom glows, 
"With warmth replies the man of mighty woes : 
Since audience mild is deigned, permit my tongue 
At once to pity and resent thy wrong. 
My heart weeps blood to see a soul so brave 95 
Live to base insolence of power a slave. 
But tell me, dost thou, prince, dost thou behold. 
And hear, their midnight revels uncontronlM ? 
Say, do thy subjects in bold faction rise. 
Or priests in fabled oracles advise ? 100 

Or are thy brothers, who should aid tliy power, 
Turn'd mean deserters In the needful hour ? 

that I were from great Ulysses Sprung, 

Or that these wither'd nerves like thine were strung ) 

Or, Heavens ! might he return ! (and soon appesr 

He shall, f trnst; a hero scorns despair) : 10(S 

Might he return, I yield my life a prey 

To my worst foe, if that avenging day 

Be not their last : but should I lose my life 

Oppressed by numbers in the glorious strife, 110 

1 choose tlie nobler part, and yield my breath. 
Rather than bear dishonour, worse than death ; 
Than see the hand of violence invade 

The reverend stranger, and the spotless maid ; 
Than see the wealth of kings consum*d in waste, 1l5 
The drunkards revel, and the gluttons feast. 
Thus he, with anger flashing from his eye; 
Sincere the youthful hero made reply : 



oirrsanr. §t§ 

H<ir leflftt'-d ki AMtfoos «rms «vf g^ hj— to tIm, 

Nor priesu In ImUad «fMles ad«fo« ; K0 

Kor ar« ay brothen, wlio sbo«M ftM ny pvir^. 

Turned hmmi d —ai f rt Ia the needful twuf . 

Ah me ! I ^owt no brother ; bt•r«n^l dreed kfaif 

OUres from our stock an Mitj braach to tpHfig ; 

Alone Laertes reigii'd Afresitts* heiv> 1^ 

Alone UlyMes diwir the vital air, 

And I alone the bed comnbial gnwM, 

An vnblest offeiNring of a sire anblest ! 

JBach neighbonriog reidBi, eondndve to our voe. 

Sends forth her peers, and every peer a foe ; 19<> 

The court proud Samos and Dulicbium ftlls, 

And lofly Zacinth croiru'd with shady bills, 

EVn Tthaeaand all her Iwrds invade 

Hi* imperial sceptre, and the regal bed : 

He queen, averse to love, yet avr'd by pewor, ISS 

Seems half to yield, yet flies the bridal hour : 

Meaatiue tlieir licence nneoiftronrd I bear; 

Ev'n now they envy me the vital air : 

Bnt Heaven will sure revenge, and gods there art. 

But go ! EumsBus ! to the <rueen impart 140 

Our safe return, and ease a mother^s heart. 
Tet secret go ; for numerous are my foes. 
And here at least I may in peace repose. 

To whom the swain. I hear, and I obey : 
But oid Laertes weeps his life away, 145 

And deems thee lost: shall I my speed employ 
To bless his age ; a messenger of joy i 
Hie mournful hoar that tore his son away 
Sent the sad sire in solitude to stray ; 
Yet busied with his slaves, to fase his woe, iSO 
He drest the vine, and bade the garden blow. 
Nor food nor wine refus'd, bat since the day 
That you to Pylos ploughed the watery way, 
Nor wine var fooid he tastes ; but sunk in wees. 
Wild springs the vine, no more the garden blows ; 
Shut from the walks of men, to pleasure lost, 15$ 
Pensive and pale he wanders, half a ghost. 

Wretched old man ! (with tears the prince returns)* 
Tet cease to go.-*wbat man so blest but mourns i 



909 THE ODT88ET. BOQK ZTl. 

Were ev«l7 wish indulg'd by fav«>iiiiikg tides, l6ft 

This hour should give Utysses to my eyes/ 

But to the queen with speed dtspatchful bear 

Our safe return, and back with speed repur ; 

And let some handmaid of her train resort 

To good Laertes in his rural court. Ifift 

While yet he spoke, impatient of delay, 
He brac'd his sandals on, and strode away : 
Then from the heavens the martial goddess flirs 
llirough the wide fields of air, and cleaves the skies: 
In farm, a virgin in soft beauty's bloom^ 170 

Skiird in th' illustrious labours of tlie loom. 
Alone to Ithaca she sfeood display'd. 
But unapparent as a viewless shade 
Escaped Telemachus, (the powers above. 
Seen or unseen, o*er earth at pleasure move) : . 179 
Hie dogs intelligent confessed the tread 
Of power divine, and howling, trembling fled. 
The goddess, beckoning, waves her deathless hands: 
I>auntless the king before the goddess stands. 

Then why (she said), O favoured of the skies ! 180 
Why to thy godlike son this long disguise ? 
Stand for^h reveaVd ; with him thy cares employ 
Against thy foes; be valiant, and destroy 1 
Lo I descend in that avenging hour. 
To combat by thy side, thy guardian power. 185 

She said, and o'er himwaves her wand of gold : 
Imperial, robes his manly limbs infold; 
At once with grace divine his frame improves; 
At once with majesty enlarged he moves ; 
Toutli flnsh'd his reddening cbeek,and from his brows 
A length of hair in sable ringlets flows ; 101 

His blackening chin receives a deeper shade : 
Then from his eyes upsprung the warrior-maid. 

The hero re-ascends : the prince o'eraw'd 
Scarce lifts his eyes, and bows as to a god. 105 

Then with surprise (surprise chastis'd by fears) 
How art thou changM I (he cry*d) •.-« god appear I 
Far other vests thy limbs majestic grace, 
]Par oQifr glories lighten from thy face! 



ikooK zvir. • tHE oDTssmr. sftt 

If heaTen be thy abode, with pious cvn 5200 

Lo ! T the ready sacrifice prepare : 

Lo ! gifts of laboured gold adorn thy shrine. 

To win thy grace : O shtc os, power divine t 

Few are ny days, Ulysses made reply, 
Vor I, alas ! descendant of the sky. S05 

I am thy lather. O my son ! my son ! 
Tliat father, for whose sake thy days have run 
One scene of woe ; to endless cares consign'd. 
And outraged by the wrongs of base mankind. 

Then rushing to his arms, he kiss*d his boy 210 
With the strong raptures of a pareut*s joy. 
Tears bathe his cheek, and tears the ground bedew : 
He strain*d him close, as to his bieast he grew. 
Ah me ! (exclaims the prince with fond desire) 
llton art not— no, thou canst not be my sire. 219 
Heaven such illusion only can impose. 
By the false joy to aggravate my woes. 
Who but a god can change the general doom. 
And give to witherM age a yonthful bloom P • 
Xate, worn with years, in weeds obscene you trod ; 
Now, cloth'd in majesty, you move a god ! 221 

Forbear, he cry'd ; for heaven reserve that name. 
Give to thy father but a fother's claim: 
Other Ulysses shalt thou never see, 
I am Ulysses, I (my son) am he. S85 

Twice ten sad years o'er earth and ocean tost,, 
*Tis given at length to view my native coast. 
Pallas, unconqoer'd maid, my frame surrounds 
Wiih grace divine, her power admits no bounds : 
She o*er my limbs old age aod wrinkles shed ; 290 
Vow strong as youth, magnificent T tread. 
The gods with ease frail man depress or raise. 
Exalt the lowly, or tiie proud debase. 

He spoke, and sate. The prince with transport flew. 
Hung round his neck, while tears his cheek bedew: 
Nor less the father poorM a social Hood ; 296 

They wept abundant, "and they wept aloud. 
As the bold eagle with fierce sorrow stung, 
Or parent vultitre, mourns her ravisb'd youngs 



Ite TI|B.01>YS»BY. 90OK XVI. 

They cry, th«j icreMi, their uDfledg'd brood a psey 

To some rode churl* and borne bj st^th aw»y : SAi 

80 they aloiid ; and tears la tides had riu. 

Their grief uttfioish'd with the setting sun; 

Bui checking the fall torrent ia its flow* 

The prince thus interrupts the solemn, woe. 1t4S 

What ship transported thee, O father, saj;* 

And what bleas'd bands hafve oar'd thee on the waj ? 

All, all (Ulysses instant made reply^ 
I tell thee all, my child, my only joy ! 
Fbeaciaas bore me to the port assign'd* 259 

A nation ouer to t^e stranger kind; 
WAtpt in til' embrace of sleep, the falthfal traia 
0*er seas convey'd me to my native reign : 
Embreider'd vestares, gold, aud brass, are laid 
Conceard iu caverns in the sylvan shade. 2SS 

Hither, intent the rival rout to slay. 
And plan the scene of death, I bend my way ; 
So Pallas wills — but thou, my son, ezplaia 
The names and numbers of th' audacious tcaia; 
'Ha mine to judge if better lo employ s6o 

Assistant force, or singly to destroy. 

O'er earth (returns the prince) resounds thy name. 
Thy well-tried wisdom, and tliy martial fame. 
Yet at thy words I start, in wonder lost; 
Can we engage, not decads, but an host i. t66 

Can we alone in furious battle stand. 
Against that numerous and determin d band ? 
Hear then their numbers : from Dulichium came 
Twice twenl^.six, all pe«rs of mighty naoie, 
9kx are their menial train : twice twelve Uiehoast t70 
Of Samos; tweatgr from Zacynthus' coast? 
And twelve our country's pride : to these belong 
Medoa and Fhemius skill'd in heavenly song. 
Two sewers from day to day the revels wait* 
Exact of taste, and serve the feast in stats. 2fS 

With such a foe th* unequal fight to try. 
Were by false courage unreveng'd to die. 
Then what assistant powers you boast, relate, 
£re y«t we mingle in the stern debate. 



30QK ZVI. TBS OOraSET. 9h 

Mmrk wati my Toi^ lJiyBM» stnigbi tepllat : seo 
Wbat need of aicto, if «vroBe*d by Hia •kaes? 
If shielded te the dfeadfui fight wm mem. 
By mighty Falk«» and by UHiBdetint lore? 

Sufficient they (Xekmacbus njoin'd) 
Against the banded powers of all mankind : M 

They, high eoth»>n*d above the railing clouds, 
mtbdl' the strength of man» and wmm the gods. 

Such aids expect, he cries, «h«i stfeng in might 
We rise terrific to the t^sk of fight. 
Bot thou, whea moni salutes th'aeiial pUdn, 990 
The court sevisit and- the lawless tonain: * 

Me thither in disgnuse EiMnmea leads, 
An aged mendkant in tatter'd weeds. 
There, if base soonsinsuH my revevend age^ 
Bear if, my sou I repress thy rising mge* i^5 

If ontrag'd, cease that outrage to repd ; 
Bear it, my son i howe'er thy heart- rebel. 
Yet strive by -prayer and counsel torestraia 
Their lawless insults^ though thou, strive in vainf 
For wicked ears are deaf to wisdemis^cal), SOO 

And vengeance strikes whom heaven has doom*d t» 

fall. 
Once more attend : w4ien she* whose power inspires 
The tliinkiog mind, my aou\ to veageence fifes ; 
I i^ve the sign : that instant, fpom beneath. 
Aloft convey the instruments of dea^ 805 

Armour and arms; and if mistrust arise, 
Thus veil the truth in plausible disguise : 

** These glittering weapons, ere he sul'd to Troy, 
" tJlysses view'd with stern heroic joy ; 
" Then, beaming o'er th* iUomin'd wall they shone ; 
" Vow dust di^hoiwurs, all their lustre gone^ 911 
" I bear them hence (so Jove my soul inspires), 
" From the pollution of the fuming fires ; 
*^ Lest when the bowl inflames, in vengeful mood 
" Te rush to armsy and stain the feast with blood: 
** Oft ready swords in luckless hour incite 3l6 

** The hand of wrath, and arm it for the fight«" 
" •Minerva. 



96* TIULODTKBT, BOOK XtJ. 

Such be tb* ple«»,aad by the plea deceive : 
For Jove infetaates all, and all believe. 
Tet leave for each of us a sword to wield, S30 

A pointed javelin^ and a fenceful shield. 
Bat by my blood that in thy bosom glows. 
By that regard a sonhis fisfcher owes ; 
The secret that thy father lives, retain 
Lock'd in thy bosom firom the household train; 3Sf 
Hide it &om all ; ev'n from Eumseoe hide. 
From my dear father, and my dearer bride. > 
One cftre remaltts, to note the loyal fow 
Whose &ith yet lasts among the menial crew ; 
And, noting, ere we rise in veageaaoe, prove , 330 
Who loves his-prince ; for sure yoo merit lore. 

To whom-tha youth i to emulate I aim 
Tlie brave and wise, and my great fatinei's fame. 
But re-consider, staoe the wisest err. 
Vengeance resolv'd, 'tis dangerous to defer. 335 
What length of time must we consume in vain, 
Toe curious to explore the menial train ? 
While the proud foes, inda&trious to destroy 
l^y wealth, in riot the delay enjoy. 
Suffice it in this exigence alone 310 

To mark the damsels that attend the throne: 
Dispers*d the youth reside ; their faith to prove 
Jove grants henceforth, if thou hast spoke from Jove. 

While in debate they wHste the hours away. 
Til' associates of tbe priuce repaas'd the bay : 3i!> 
With speed they guide tbe vessel to the shores; 
With speed debarking land the naval stores : 
llien, faithful to their charge, to Ctytius bear. 
And trust the presents to his friendly care. 
9wift to the queen a herald flies t' impart SM 

Her son*s return, and ease a parent's heart ; 
Lest a sad prey to ever-musing cares. 
Pale grief destroy what ttme awhile forbears. 

Til' uocautious herald with impatience burns. 
And cries aloud ; Thy sou, oh queen, returns : S55 
EumsBua SHge approach*d th' imperial throne, 
And breath'd his mandate to her ear alone, 



BOOK XTI. THBOOT88Sr. 2^ 

Then ineasmr*d back the way— The aoitor bead, 
Stong to the aoal, abash*d» confounded stand ; 
And issuing from the dome, before the gate, 300 
'With clouded looks, a pale assembly sate. 

At length Eorymachus* Our hopes are vain ; 
Telemachtts in triumph sails the main. aOS 

Haste, rear the mast, the swelling shroud di^iay ; 
Haste, to onr ambush'd friends the news convey * 

Scarce had he spoke, when, turning to the strand* 
Amphinomus surrey'd th* associate band ; . 
Full to the bay within the winding shores 
With gathered sails they stood, and Hfted oars. 
O friends! he cry'd, elate with rising joy, S70 

See to the port secure the vessel fly ! 
Some god has told ihem, or themselves surrey 
The bark escaped ; and measure back tiieir way. 

Swift at the word descending to the shores, 
Iliey moor the vessel and unlade the stor^ : 375 
Then moving from the strand, apart they sate. 
And full and frequent form'd a dire debate. 

Lives then the boy i he lives (Antinoiis cries), 
Tho care of gods and favourite of the skies. 
All night we; watch*d, till with her orient wheels 380 
Aurora flamM above the eastern bills. 
And from the lofty brow of rocks by day 
Took in the ocean with a broad survey : 
Tet safe he sails, the powers celestial give 
To shun the'hidden snares of death, and live. 385 
But die he chall, and thus condemned to bleed. 
Be now the scene of instant death decreed. 
Hope ye success ? undaunted crush the foe. 
Is he not wise? know tbfs, and strike the blow* 
Wait ye, till he to arms in council draw5 39O 

The O reeks, averse too justly to our cause ? 
Strike, ere, Uie states convcn'd, tlie foe betray 
Our murderous ambush on the watery way. 
Or choose ye vagrant from their rage to fly 
Outcasts of earth, to Ureathe an unknown shy ? 39& 
The brave prevent misfortune ; then be brave, 

And bur; future danger in his grave, 

M 



eoo TBS onsssr. book xtl 

R«tun)» h« i UBlma)iNrw«^llhb iralk invate, • 

Or where h« bid«» i» solUniio- smL •bad* ; 

Awl. give the palace tx»> the quaeife a (lo«ar» M0. 

Or him she talieaees ia tiie bridal hour. 

Bat if aqbiiiw'e yoo rasiBn. the Miiairv- * 

Slaves to a boy ; 00, flatxar aad obagr. 

RetiM we iastanfc to oar iia*i«e Taiga^ 

Kor be the wraith of kiDga comiwntf4 ia ▼■!& ; 4M 

Then wed wihoin ehoiceaiipnM'ea : the qBeeik.be skeea 

To some ^lest prinea, the vriace decreed by heavea* 

Abash'd, the snteor train hia voiee attende; 
Till frooa his Utnme AmphinoaniK aseende^ 
Who o'er Dulich&am streteh'd hie efrndovs f^iffh 
A land of plenty, blcse'd with every graio<: 4tt 

Chief of tjie noidMrs who the qaeed-addnatv 
And though displcatiog, yet diapleaaAng least. 
Soft were his. words ; hia aetioos wi«den swayM ; 
Graceful awihile he puis'd, then auldiy said: 415 

O friends, forbear ! and be the thought witiiitoode 
'TIS liorrible to shed imperial bibod;! - 
Consult we first th' all-seeing powers above. 
And the sure oraclea of righteous Jove. 
If they a»8ent» ev'n by this hand, he dies ; 491^. 

If they forbid, I war not with the slcies. 

Hp sal-i : the rival train his voice approved. 
And rising instant to the palace mov'd. 
Amv'd, with wild, tumoltaous noise they aatS) 
Kecumbent on the sbining thrones of state^ 499 

Tnea Medon, consctoos of their dire debates. 
The murderous council to tiie qaeen relatM. 
Touch'd at the dreadiul stery she descends: 
Her hasty steps a damsel-train attendau 
Full where tne dome its shining valves expaads» 499 
Sudden before the rival powers sbe stands; 
And. veiiina, decent, with a modest shada 
Her cheek, indii^nant to Antinotis said: 

O void ot fairti .' of all bad meo tt.e worst! 
Hnnowtt'd r'or wisdom^ by th' abuse accursed ! 496 
Mistaken rame proclaims, thy geueroas mindf 
Thy deeds denote thee of tbe baseM kind. 



BOOK acviv 'hnL ODtnasr. sgf 

Wretah! to dMtrajr « pdaee that IHeadBbip glvw. 

While in liuff««t his mmHUnt he retvlTW; 

ll«r ixtmdi W Q fm hor Jvvkr to whoai Wi*i^ 4Mt 

The cause of suppiiants, ami vevaofa of wrmigv 

Haac fehatt forgot (ingnitof«A aa tfioo wt) 

>mu> 8av*d thy- fiktiior with a Mendly pajrt ? 

Lawless he ravag'd xntk hia nmitlBl powora 

Hie Taphiaa ptralaa oa Thesprotia't shoMs*; 44i( 

fnrag'd, lua Ur«> hit traasarea thay demaodi;- 

Ulyaaea sa«^4 hiw ft-oM trti'* a^eageVa haa4. 

And vooMat tho« evtt for his good repay f 

His bed dSahononr, aod lii» boasa betray ? 

AaUct hia qtteea, and i^ith a mwitoiioaa haadv 4fiO> 

Destroy hia baiff ^— 4mt ceas^ *bb J «ooiraa»d. 

Far heoioe thoao fears» (Sar^rmachva raply'd), 
O prudeat pruMoas ! bid thy aool ooaAde. 
Breathe thore>a uaa wiio da«e» that baro day. 
While I behold' the golde« liglke of day? 4S» 

Vo: hyt tbo rfghteoua powers of heav«n I avaar. 
His blood in veogeance sindkaa apoa my spear. 
Ulyssea, whan my iofvntdays I led, 
With wioe saflSc'd mo-, aad^vith dafaitieft- ftid : 
My generoua soul' abhors th* angrateful part, 4^0 
And my friend*! soa ii<ves deareaC to my heart* 
Then fear no mortal arm; if heaven destroy, 
We must resign : for man is born to die. 

Thus smooth he ended, yet bis death conspirM : 
Then sorrowing, with -sad step the queen retir'd. 465 
With streaming eyes, all comfortless deplored. 
Touched with tlie dear remembrance of her lord : 
Hor ceas'd till Pallas bid^ier sorrows fly. 
And in soft slumber seal'd her flowing eye. 

And now Eumsus, at the evening liour, 470 

Came late returning to his sylvan bower. 
Ulysaea and his son had dress'd with art 
A yearling boar, and gave the gods their part, 
Holy repast ! That instant from the skies 
Tlie martial goddess to Ulysses flies : 475 

She waves her golden wand, and re-assujies 
iVom every feature, every grace that blooms; 



fi(iB TBEODY8SET* BOOK XVI/ 

At once his Testans change ; at once whe shede 

Age o'er hii limbs* that tremble as he treads. 

Lest to the queen the swain with transport flj» 4fli>- 

Uoable to contain th* unrnly joy. 

When near he drew, the prince breaks forth : Proclaim 

What tidings* friend? what speaks the voioe of fame?' 

Say, if the suitors measure back the main, 

Or still in ambush thirst for blood in vain i 485 

Whether, he cries^ tbe^ measure back the flood. 
Or still in ambush thirst in Tain for blood, 
Escap'd my care: where lawless suitors sway. 
Thy mandate borne, my soul disdain'd to stay. 
But from tb' Hermsoan height I cast a view, 490 

Where to the port a bark high-bounding flew ; 
Her freight a shining band : with mardal air 
Each poisM his shield, and each advanced his spear; 
And, if aright tliese searching eyes survey, 
IV eluded suitors stem the watery way. 49S 

The prince, well pleas'd to disappoint their wiles 
Steals on his sir^ a glance, and secret aroiles. 
And now, a short repast prepared, they fed 
Till the keen rage of craving hunger fled : 
Then to repose withdrawn, apart they lay, 509 

And in so(i sleep forgot the cares of day. 



THE 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XYII. 



ARGUMENT. 

Telemacbus returniag to the city relates to Penelope 
the sum of his travels. Ulysses is conducted by 
Eumseus to the palace, wheie bis old dog Argtt» 
acknowledges his master, after an absence of 
twenty years, and dies with joy. Eumaeus returns 
into the country, and Ulysses remains among the 
suiters, whose behaviour is described. 



t 270.] 



BOOK XVII. 

COON M Aurora, daughter of the dawn, 

^ Sprinkled with roseate light the dewy lawo; 

In haste the prince arose* prepar'd to part; 

His hand impatient graspaitbe pointed dart; 

Fair on his feet the poUsb'd sandals shine, 5 

And thus he greets the master of the swine. 

My friend, adieu; to t-thisaiitsrfc -stay suffice; 
I haste to meet mor nuthar's loAging eyes; 
And end her tears, her sorrows, and-iier sighs. 
But thou, attentive, what we order heed : 10 

Iliis hapless stranger .lio the oiEQ* l«ad: 
By public bounty let him there be fed. 
And bless the hand that stretches forch the bread. 
To wipe the tear^ from all afflicted «yes. 
My will may covet but my power denies. 15 

If this raise anger in the stranger's tlioughtf 
The pain of auger punistsas Um AmU: 
The very truth I undisguised decUre; 
For whflft so .OU97 as to be sincere? 

To this Ulysses. What the prince reqnrres eo 
Of swif c removal seconds my desires. 
To waatt like mine the p«Qpled ttywn caft yfcAd 
More hopes of ceiofort than the lonely fitAd. 
Nor its my ttge to till the laboured ian^s. 
Or stoop to tasks a rtrrsA lord demands. S5 

Adieu ! but since this ragged garb can bear 
So ill th' inclemencies of morning air, 
A few hours space permit me here to stay ; 
My steps £um8Bus shall to town convey. 
With riper be^ms when Phoebus warms the day. SO 

Tlius he : nor augUt Telemachos reply'd. 
But left tlie mansion with a lofty stride : 
Schemes of revenge liis pondering breast elate, 
Kevolving deep the suitors' sodden fate* 
Arrlvvlng now before th' imperial hall, 35 

IJe props bis spear against the pil^r'd wall; 



Hon like «ll0n»*6r'llietlir«ii»oldb9«iBdi; ' 

Hie uMtAeipeveinaiU with his fftep retouods ! 

His eye fintf^suc'd whaee Earydee Bpnm4% 

"With forry spoilt <ef keeKto the splendid beds : 40 

Sie saw, she irapt, tin reti irith eager pane. 

And rciirflwd h«- MMStar wi^ a -long «Bibi«i«. 

Ail crowded voond tiie fcniiy appears 

With wild entvnceniettt, nid-ecsutic tears. 

Swift frooi above desoeuds the royal fair 45 

{Her beaoteous eheeksihe Mnsh ef Venus 'Waar, 

Chasten'd wilh eoy Diana's pensive air) ; 

Hangs o'er her acn, in his ♦■ ili ii s — I'dies ; 

BMosldaBes on his neefc, Hps ftMse, his eyes; 

F«w words sbeapohe, chough nraoh she had to say ; 50 

And scarce diose kfw, for tears, oonld foroe their 

lisht of «0y eyes ! he eooes ! unhop'd for joy ! 
Has Heaven firon Pyloe brunght a^ ievely boy ^ 
6o«na«ehMfrom sdl onr cares'. -^Tetl.ltait tliou known 
Tby father's fate» snd •tell eae all thy own. 96 

Oh dearest ! nwst reirer'd of woiaaajkiud ! 
Cesse with those tears to melt a manly nind 
(ReplyM'tiieprinoe)! nor be our fates deplor'd, 
Vcom^leath and tresson to tiliy arms-restor'd. 
Go bathe, and, rDb*d in white, asoend the towers ; 6a 
WiA all <by lumtffliaids thank tl)' ^immortal powers ; 
To evuty <god eo w 4iec«tonibs to Meed , 
And call Jove's vengeanoe on their gaiety -deed. 
"While to Ui* assedrtlhid coanoil I iepah>; 
A straager sent'by heaven attends ine th^re; '65 
My new accepted gaest I haste to firad, 
Now to Peiraetts' honoured charge consigned. 

The mstron besird, nor wm his word in vain. 
She batb'd ; and rob'd in wtnte wich all iter train, 
To every god W)W*d hecatombs to Meed, 70 

And calPd Jo««*> vengeance on ithe giutlty deed. 
Arm'd with his lance, the prince then pass'd the gate; 
Two dogs behind, a f«ltbfo4 ffoard, await ; 
Fallss his fonn with grace divine improves! 
The gaaing'crowd- adndrts him as lie OMVei } Td 



S72 THE ODTSBET. BOOK XTIt- 

Ilim, gathering round, the haughty luiton greet 

With Mmblance fair, but inward deep deceit. 

Their false addressas generous he denied, 

l^aas'd on, and sate by faithful Mentor's side ; 

With AotipbttS, and Halitherses s^^ 80 

(His father's counsellors, revered for age). 

Of his own fortunes, and Ulysses* fame, 

Much ask'd the seniors ; till Peirsus came. 

The strauger-guesc pursu'd him dose belli nd ; 

Whom when X^lemachus beheld, he join'd. 85 

He (when Peiraeus ask'd for slaves to bring 

The gifts and treasures of the Spartan king) 

Thus thoughtful answered : Those we shall not move. 

Dark and unconscious of the will of Jove ; 

We know not yet the full event of all: 90 

Stabbed in his (>alace if your prince must iiall. 

Us, and onr house, if treason must o*erfchrow. 

Better a triend possess them than a foe ; 

If death to these, and vengeance Heaven decree^ 

Riches are welcome then, not else, to me. 95 

Till tlien, reUin the gifts.—The hero said. 

And in his hand the willing stranger led. 

Then disarray'd, the shining bath they sought 

(With unguents smooth) of polish'd marble wrought; 

Obedient handmaids with assistant toll 1«0 

Supply the limpid wave, and fragrant oil : 

Tlten o'er Uieir limbs refulgent robes they threw. 

And fresh from bathing to their seats withdrew. 

The golden, ewer a nymph attendant brings, - 

RepledishM fiom the pure translucent springs ; 105 

Vfith copious streams tnat golden ewer supplies 

A silver laver of capacious siae. 

They wash : the table, in fiur (Mrder S|Nreed, 

Is pil'd with viands and the strength of breed. 

Full opposite, before the foldlng-g aie» 110 

The pensive mother aits in humble stnte ; 

Irowly she sate, and with dejected view 

The fleecy threads her ivory fingers drew. 

The prioce and stranger shared the geoial fent, 

Till now the^rage of thirst and h vagei> ceast* 2 19 



Doubtful, or witii hU tUff to ttrihe hia dM4. fliff 

Or gnet the purement wiUi hU wortfalew bMd. 

Short vw that doubt, to duell hi» rugp, inured. 

The hero stood MUvHBon^nttr'dy nd endMr'd. 

Sut hateful of Um wretch, fiooMnM heoir'd S89 

Hb hands obieatiog, and thia prayer ooaoe&v'd. 

Datfgfaters of Jove i who from the «tber»al b«ren 

Descend to awsll tbe aprioga, aad fend the flawent 

•"y<Wo» of thia fonAtaia { to i^hoae «kei»d aaaea 

Our rami victiiaa mouat.in btaai^ Aaraea 1 fiflS 

To wbon ^JfFsaea' .piety prejfcsr'd 

The yeariy firttUDgs of Ilia flook, and herd ; 

Succeed mg imah, y^vr votary iv«tor«: 

Oh, be some god W eoovpy to our ah^re I 

Due paioa ahall punish then t^is adave'a ofibnoe. «M 

And httiahle all hia alia of intoUmce. 

Who, pjcoudly atelkkig, leaves the herds at large, 

Comroences joouctier, aad neglects Us charge. 

What muiicm ha? (MelantMus sharp rej«uia^ ; 
SCbis craftj miscvaaot big with dark designs ? SpS 
The day shall eoote,; 4»ay, '*is already near, 
•When, slave J to sell th9» at a prioe too dear. 
Must be my ««]«; and hence transport thee oW, 
A load, and floaadal to this happy shore. 
Ob ! tlkat as surely great Apotio^s dart, soo 

Or some bravo auitor^s sword, night pierce the heart 
Of the pi;eud son ; aa that we stand this hoar 
Ib lasting safety from theiaihers powec! 

So spoke the wretch, but, shuaning farther fray, ' 
SCurn'd his proud atep, and left them on their way. 
Straight to the feastful palace he Atpair'd, 300 

FamiUar enter'd.and the banquet sluir'd j 
Beneath Euiymac^a, his patsaa lord. 
He took H» place, and plenty heaped the board. 

Hoautiiue they beard, sojft-circllng ia the sky, 310 
Sweet aiKs aaoend* wmI heavenly minstreUy 
(For Pheinios .»o the 4yre atum'd the strain) ; 
Vlyssea heiMrlBen'4»«hett addrest the «w«in : 

Well magr >this palace tadaufatioa ckum^ 
Ci<rat, and reepoadeiit to tk» mtsler's Same 1 31j) 



«7? THE ODYSSIY. BOOK X^t. 

Stage above ttage ih* imperial structare stands. 

Holds the chief honours, and Che town commatids; 

High waifs aind battlements the courts ioclote. 

And the strong gates defy an host of foes. 

Far other cares its dwellers now emptoj ; SfO 

The throng'd assembly and the feast of joy: 

I see the snokes of saeriBce aspire. 

And bear (what grates every feast,) the lyre. 

Then thus Bumflias. Judge we wMch trera huU; 
Amidst yon revellers a sudden gaest S>8 

Choose you to mingle, while behind T stay ? 
Or I first entering introduce the way f 
Wait for a space without, but wait not long ; 
This is the house of violence and wrong ; 
Some rude insult tiiy reverend age may bear; 390 
For like their lawless lords the servants are. 

Just is, oh frtend I thy caution, and addrest 
(Reply *d the chief) to no anheedfal breast; 
llie wrongs and injuries of base Baakind 
Fresh to my sense, are always in my mind. 335 

The bravely-patient to no fiortone yields ; 
On rolling oceans, and in fighting fields. 
Storms have I past, and many a stem debate ; 
And now in humbler scene submit to fate. 
What cannot want ? The best she will expose, 340 
And I am leam'd in all her tndn of woes ; 
She fills with navies, hosts, and load alarms 
'lite sea, the land, and shakes tte world with ams ! 

Thus, near the gates conferring as they drew, 
Ax^us, the dog, his ancient master knew ; 341 

He, not unconscious of the voice and tread. 
Lifts to the sound his ear, and rears his head ; 
Bred by Ulysses, nourish'd at his board, 
But, ah ! not fsted long to please his lord I 94$ 
To him, his swiftness and his strength were rain ; 
The voice of glory call'd htm o'er the VMin. 
Till then in every sylwo cbaee renowned. 
With Argus, Argus rung the woods aroandl ; * 
With him the youth pnrsn'd the goat or Hmn, 

trac'd the masv leveret o'er the lawn. tSi 



900K XYIU TBM €fl>rtaSEY^ SI9 

Now left tQ iMo*ft i«gntiuid0 he lay, 
Uiihoiit'dy neglected in the public way ; 
And where ob heaps the rich manure was 8f>read, 
Obscene with reptiles, took his sordid bed. 

J9e knew his lord ; he knew, and stroTe to meet ; 
In vain he strove, to crawl, and kiss his feet; 301 
Yet (all he coold) his tail, hu ears, his eyes, 
Sslute his master, and confess his joys. 
Soft piiy toaefa'd the mighty master's sonl ; 
Adewa his cheek a tear unbidden stole, S6^ 

Stole uoperceiv'd ; he turn'd his head and dr^d 
The drop humane ; then thus impassion'd ery'd> 

What noble beast in this abandon'd stato 
lies here all hel|rfess at Ulysses' gate ? * 
Bis bulk and beauty speak ne vulgar praise: S|0 
If, as he seems, he was in better days. 
Some care Jne age deserves; or was he pria^d 
Tor worthless beauty ? therefore now despis'd; 
Such dogs, and men there are, mere things of stato ; 
And always cherish'd by their friends, the great* 375- 

Not Argus so, (£um9Bus thus rejmn'd)^ 
But serv'd a master of a nobler kind, 
Who never i never shall behold him more t 
Long, long since perish'd on a distant shore I 
Obi bad yon seen him, vigorous, bold, and young. 
Swift as a sUg, and as a lion strong i 381 

Him no fell savage on the plain withstood, 
None 'scap'd him bosom'd in the gloomy wood ; 
His eye how pierdng, and his scent how tme^ 
T9 wind the vapour in the tainted dew ! 389 

Such, when Ulysses left his natal coast ; 
Now years unnerve him, and his lord is lost ! 
The womnn keep the generous creature bare, 
A eleck and idle race is all their care : 
The master gone, the servants what restrains i SQO 
Or dwells humanity where riot reigns i 
Jove fix'd it certain, tliat wiiatever day 
Makes man a slave, takes half his worth away* 

This said, the honesfaji^rdsman strode before : 
The mnsing monarch pauses at the door : 39^ 



£^ TSB 0Vf 8BBT. BOOK ^ifO^ 

The dog, whom V«te bad granbad to faaiwfcil 
His lord, when twenty feedioiia yeara had roU'd^ 
Takes » laat look,, and, having see*. hitii,.die»; 
So clos'd for Oft'tor iaUlifittl Argus- eryeat 

And now Telenaokus, tha ficst of all, 400 

Observ'd Kun«ua ebteriaig in- the haU>; 
Disunt b» aaw, acroaa the ahady diMe; 
Tlien gave a sign* aad hackaa-d'him to< eo a a g ; 
There stood an empfe]r aeat, wtejra late waai plae'dl; 
I«i order due, the abawiird of the feaat ¥A 

(Who. BOW was.boslad camng iwand tiM boavd) f 
£um»o9 took* ancLplac'd it noarhia loud. 
Before himinatana was the haaqnataftread. 
And the briglit ba^et pil'd wUh loavea of brMd. 

»ext came ¥lyaaa» lowly at the door, 410 

A figure despicable, old^ and poor; 
In squahd vosta, wiAh many « gapioff aent, 
Propt on a atatf , and iramfolinr aa he west. 
TfacAy resting on the threafaold* of th# gate, « 
A^iosl: a cypreaa pillar lean'd his weight - 4f5 
(Smoothed by. the workiaan to a. p^ah'd plaiA) ; 
The thoughtful son behold, and caU'd hia awala: 

These viands, and thia bread, £«m««s! bear. 
And let yon mendieant our plenty riiare : 
The» lei him circle roipad tlie snitora' bonKl, 40» 
And try the boniUy of each gncious lonl. 
Bold let him aak, eacouragM thua by mo ; 
How ill* alas.! do want and slnaM Agre»( 

His I Old's ooRKDaod the failAifnl servauk baaiv: 
Tha seeming beggar answers with Ma pmyors. 42i 
^Blest be Tclemachus 1 in every deed 
Inspire him, Jovel in avei^ wish saeoead! 
This said^ the portion, from hia son ooavey'd 
With smiles receiving- on his scrip he lay'd. 
Bong as the miiutt«l- swept the aoiindieg wire, 484' 
He fed, and oeaa-d when silence held the lyre« 
Soon as the suitors irom the banquet rose, 
Minerva prompts the man of miglbty woes 
To tempt thew bounties with eeuppllaofa art, 
And learn the generous, fmqi thf ignoble heart 4lf 



BOOK XVn. THE ODTSSET. 181 

(Kot bnt his «oal, reMotldl m homtiie. 

Dooms to fall vengMOM all th' offeDding tntia) ; ' 

With spMikiog ay w, and voice of plaintiTa sound* 

HaODble he moTes» imploring all aronnd. 

The prottd feel pitj, and relief bestow, 440 

With SQch an image tonch*d of hnman woe ; 

Inquiring all, their wonder they confess. 

And eye the man, nu^tkr in distress. 

While thus they gase and question witti their eyes, 
Xbe bold Melanthius to their thought replies. 449 
My lords I this stranger of giganQc port 
The good Enmaus usher'd to your court. 
Full well I marked the features of his lace. 
Though all unknown his clime, or noble race. 

And is this present, swineherd ! of thy hand i 450 
Bring'st thou those Tagrants to infest the land ; 
(Returns Antinoiis with retorted eye), 
CN>jects uncouth, to check the genial joy. 
Enoogh of these our court already grace, 
Of giant stomach, and of famish'd face. . 455 

Such guests BumsBus to. his country brings. 
To atmre our feast, and lead the life of kings. 

To whom the hospt1;able swain rejoin*d : . 
Thy passion, prince, belies thy knowing mind. 
WIk> calls, from distant nations to his own, 46o 

Hie poor, distingnish'd by their wants alone? 
Round the wide world are sought those men divine 
Who public stmctnras raise, or who design ; 
Those to whose eyes the gods their ways reveal. 
Or bless with salutary arts to heal ; 4(S5 

But chief to poets such respect belongs. 
By rival nations courted for tiieir songs; 
These states -invite, and mighty kings admire. 
Wide as the sun displays his vital fire. 
It is not so with want ! how few that feed 470 

A wretoh unhappy, merely for his need ! 
Unjust to me, and all that serve the state, 
To love Ulysses, is to taise thy ha to. 
For me, suffice the approbation won 
06my great mistress, and her godlike son. 47S 



Ml THS IWraiKT. BOOK XVII. 

To him TdMtfnkMa. Vo AMraiaranae 
The flMa by dMiBi« ptooe toi aa o len ce : 
laliiiiiwis mads jaat AMwacs hut proroke*- 
Then tarning te ▲ntinnbty ibas be aipoke* 
Thanks to thy oara ! wbeae itfwolete r«itn— nd 480 
Thus drivae ttwalnBger firom o«r«e«i««ad JaadL 
Heaven bleaa te owner with « better xaim^ 1 
From envy firee, •!• oherity &nclin*.4. 
Shis ibe«h MMkape aad I •ffbrd: 
Tbeo^fiiinoe! be boaataoiu of Ul7saes*'bo«rA. 4B5 
To give anotber'a is thgr hand «o slew ? 
So much arave aweet to spoil than to faestew ? 

Whence»9r«et T\pteanfah«8 ! this ioftj mxma i 
(Antiofeiia cries with aasoienfc diadion) ; 
•JP»rtleaa lifae annetf«v«rf eiiitor<fe«Br 490 

Oar mils -this twelvemonth aboakd not see theslwe. 

He spoke, and lUttag hi^ dbove tlie -board 
His ponderous footatoel, shook it Jd ^is iont. 
The rest with equal handiooofenr'd the beead ; 
Be fill*d his scsip, and to the threshold sped ; 496 
But first beiMie Aatineiis sfeopt nnd said* 
Bestow, my friend ! thon dost not aeem the wnrst 
Of all the Oreeks ; bat prince4ike and the fast; 
Then, as in dignity, be first in worth. 
And I shall praise 'thee thmnghtiwibonndiess enrtli. 
Once [ enjoy'd in Ivxurj of stale 501 

.Whatever gives man the envkd name of geeat ; 
Wealth, servants, friends, were mine .in batter da^; 
And hcMpitality was then my praise ; 
In every korrowing soul I ponr'd delight, 505 

And poverty stood sanling in my sigtit. 
But Jove, ali-govemsas, whose only will 
Petennincs fate, and mingles good math till. 
Sent me (to punish my pursuit of gain) 
With ro^ng phrntes o*er th* £gyptian nuno : 510 
By £gypt*4 silver flood oor sUps we moor; 
Our spies oommisslon'd straight Che const ezpAoiS ; 
But impotent of miod, with lawless will 
The country rar<iie, and the natiess kilU 
The spreading elamonr to their dty Hies. . 513 

And horse and foot in mingled tumult rise: 



Tbe redd«»lBf daw rrveafe ihe hoitite 1Md%, 

Honi^ vith biistl^ spearB, tod glewBin^ fthWds : 

Jove thander'd on their aide: our f oHtjr iMad 6I9 

Ve tiini*d to fli^t ; llw fvtbeiiiif vAngeuM sprcftd 

On all parts vovod, and Itaaps oa liaapa la^ dead. 

SoUM iW the foe in adrHtade dmaia; 

Bvath ill-exehanfM for tendage aad'fer |>aiD'! 

Vabappy me a Cypciaa took a board, 

And gave to Dowtar, Cypraa* iMMi^hty^ lord t 986 

mtiiar, to Escape his obaias, my pomnm I atear, 

Still corst-hy fofluae, «nd iuaaltad hfiv ! 

Tn whoM AatiaoCn tbas -hia'niBe eapiaat. 
What sod has pla^a^ os artth thi3>ganiiaiidifiMSt? 
Valaaa at diataaco, trrat^h ! tho« kaepbahiad, Sto 
Another •iale, than Of pros more qathind ; 
Another iBgypt -shaft thoa qoiokly And. 
Vma alltfaoa be^'st, a b«id aadaoAvas <alave; 
Nor all <«aQ'|^i*e so lamc^ as -thou canat crave. 
17ar wodtfeir T, at sneh iwofo«4on shown ; HiS 

Shameless they f^ve, iv4m> give what's net thebowh. 

The tfHtof, retiring. -Sonls Hke that in thae» 
lit salt sodi fonoM-af fraoe-and dignity. 
Ker wHI Chat hand to ntmost need afford 
The smallest ^MTCiwa of a -wastefol beard, f 40 

"Whose hiarary whole patriaienles sweeps, 
Yet stanriag want, amidst the riot, weeps. 

The hatig^y 9nitor with j^eaaotawot baraa> 
And, so«n4y amiling, this 'reply Totarns. 
Take that, eve yet Tdiou quit this princely thrangjSiS 
And dumb Car<eTpr he thy alaoderons tongue ! 
He said, and high the whirling tnpod flang. 
His shonlder-blade receiv*d til'^loge«tle- shock; 
He stood, and man^d aot, tlhe a niat%le rook ; 
But shook his'thougjirtfol head, nor now coaplatnM, 
Sedate of sent, hie ehavaoter saatian*d, fill 

And faly fmria'd revenge: tfien back wittidraw; 
Before his feet the weHj0ird scrip he threw. 
And thus witli Aealhhmee mild addrest ttte crew. 

May what I speak your friacely adnds appraiw, 
Te |»e«rt and i4v«ls ib this noble love ! 9H6 



tM 3HB ODT8SKT. BOOK Xm. 

Not for the hurt I grieve, but for die canae. . 

If, -nrhen the sword oor country's quarrel draws. 

Or if« defending what is jastij dear. 

From Mars impartial some broad wound we bear ; 

The generous motiTe dignifies the acar. S6l 

But for mere want, how hard to suffer wrong ! 

Want brings enough of other ills along f 

Tet, if injustice never be secure. 

If fiends revenge, and gods assert the poor, 565 

Death shall lay low the proud aggressor's head. 

And make the dust Antinons* bridal bed. 

Peace, wretch ! and eat thy bread without offaace 
(llie suitor cry'd), or force shall drag thee hence. 
Scourge thro' the public street, and cast thee there, 
A mangled carcass for the hounds to tear. 671 

His furious deed the general anger BMv'd, 
All, ev'n the wont, condemn'd; dnd some repiov*d« 
Was ever chief for wars like these ranowa'd^ 
ZU fits the stranger and the poor to wo«ad« tf$ 
Unblest thy hand! if in this low disguise 
Wander, periiaps, some inmate of the skiet ; 
They (curious oft of mortal actions) deign 
In forms like these, to round the earth and main. 
Just and unjust, recording in their mind, HBO 

And with sure eyes inspecting all mankind. 

Telemachus, absorpt in thought severe, 
■Kourish'd deep anguish, though he shed no taar; 
But the dark brow of silence sorrow shook: 
While thus his mother to her virgins spoke. M5 
'* On him and hia may the bright god of day 
" That base, inhospitable blow repay i" 
The nurse replies : ** If Jove receives my prayer, 
'* Not one survives to breathe to-moriow's air.** 

Aft, all are foes, and mischief is their end ; dgO 
Antinoiis most to gloomy death a friend 
(Replies the queen); the stranger begg'd their grace. 
And melting pity soften'd every foee ; 
From evo-y otirar hand redress ha found. 
But fell Antinofis aoswer'd with a wound. t^ 

Amidst her maids tlius spoke the prudent quoea^ 
Then bade Euraaeus call the pilgrim ia. 



B90K XVII. THE O0TB8ET* t» 

Much of tk' experienc'd omo I kMig to lumr. 

If or hu certain eye, or listenUig ear. 

Hate learnM the tbrtonee of my wandering lord f 

Ihas she, and good Eunseus took the word* 601 

A private audience if thy grace impart. 
The stranger's words may ease the royal heart. 
His sacred eloquence io balm diatils, 
■And the sooth'd heart with secret pleasore fills. 605 
Three day»4iaTe spent their beams, three nights have 

run 
nieir silent journey, since his tale begun, 
Dnfittish'dyetl and yet I thirst to hear! 
Aswiten some lieav«n.taaght poet charma the ear 
(Suspending sorrow with celeaUal strain 
Breath'd from the goda to soften human pain) ; 
Tune steals away with unregarded wing. 
And the soul bears him, though he cease to siag. 

Ulysaeaiate be ^aw, on Cretan ground 
(His fothnrls guest), for Minos' birth renown'd. 6i5 
He now but waits the wind, to waft him o*er, 
With boundless treasure, from Thesprotla's shore. 
To this the <|ueett. The wanderer let me hear, 
'While yon luxurious race indulge their cheer. 
Devour the grasing ox, and browsing goat, Qeo' 

And turn my generous vintage down their throat. 
For Where's an arm, like tfaino, Ulysses 1 strong. 
To eorb wild riot, and to punish wrong ? 

She spoke« Teiemachus then soees'd aloud; 
Constrain'd, bis uostril echo'd tluro' the ctowd. 695 
The smiling queen the happy omen blest : 
" So may these impious fall, by Fate opprest i*' 
Then to Kunasus : Bring the stranger, fly{ 
And if my questions meet a true reply, 
Orac'd with a decent robe- he shall retire, 630 

A gift in season which his wants require. 

Thus spoke Penelope. Eumasus flies 
In duteous haste, and to Ulysses cries. 
The queen invites thee, venerable guest I 
A secret instinct moves her troubled breast, 639 
Of her long, absent lord from thee to gain 
Some light, and soothe her soul's eternal pain. 



29tt THSeSTrBSET. BOOB XVlIr 

If trae, i£ fiwtb&il thaoi; bar gnteful niad 

Of decent robes » preMnt has designed-: 

So fiii(ting.£iiToiw hi the loyal ejr«» 0*0 

Tby ot.ier iraiit»iMr salljectB •hell sapplj* 

Fair truth «iwi« (ttoe fmtieat mtn mply'd) 
My wovd* sfattl)' dictate, aadrny fipa •halLgaidiA. 
To him, to me, oae eoamioa lot waa-giTen, 
la «qu^ woea, ala* t iomlv'd by heaven. 6tO 

Mueh of luaJaaaa I boo«<; but checked by (mr 
I stand ; the hand of violence is here : 
Here boundless wronga the stairy skies invade 
And injur'd swppliantftseek iA vaini for aid. 
Let Cor a. spave the- pensive qneas' atHend, 05» 

Nor claim my atory tltt the soioideacttiMi ; 
Then in suohtiiotea-as supplianCS may i<eq«iiie» 
Composed and cbeeifui by the genial- firo» 
When load upRwr and lawlesa riot cease. 
Shall her pleaa'd ear ree«lv« my word* ia peace. 635 

Swift t» the.^uaan retovne the gentle swain : 
And say (she ories)^ does fear, or shame, detain 
The. eaucioos. stranger? With the begging kind- 
Shame suits, bati ilU- fiumsBus thus rej»io'd : 

He only aaks<a mons ppopitioas boor, 660* 

And. shuns <:who v^ouMnoc r) wiokedmenin power; 
At evening mild (aeel season to confer) 
^By turns to question, and by tomy-ta hear. 

Whoe'er this guest (the prudent queen- replies) 
His evei^ sfeep> and evei^ thought is wise. MS 

Fbr men like these on earth- he shall not find 
In all the niiSAareaat race of hu^aaB hmd. 

Thu< ttbe. £umaus>aU her words attends, 
Aud, partings to-tlie suitor powem des«ead»; 
There seeks TclemaehuBs and thus apart ^9 

la whispers. breafthea the fondness of his heart. 

The time, ray-ierd, invites- me to repair 
Hecce to the lodge, my charge demands ay carew 
These sons of morder tbfarst ihy life to take ; 
O guard it, guard it tor thy servant s »ake-! df5 

Thanks to. my f¥teud> he cries , but now the hoar 
Of night draws on, go seek the nprai bowers 



BOOK XVII. THE ODrSSET. StlT 

Bat first refresh : and at the dawn of day 

Hither a victira to the gods coaTey. 

Oar iife to heaven's immortal powers we trnst, 080 

Safe in their care, for heaven protects the jnst* 

Observant of his roice, Eamsens sate 
And fed recumbent on a chair of state. 
Then instant rose, and as he mov'd along, 
Twas riot ail amid the suitor throng, 085 

They feast, they dance, and raise the mirthfal song. 
Tin now, declining toward the close of day. 
The sua obliquely shot hie dewy ray. 



TKE 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XVIII. 



ARGUMENT. ^ 

2%e Fight of Vlyafta and Jrus. 

The beggar Iras insults Ulysses ; the suitors promote 
the quarrel, in which Irus is worsted, and miser- 
ably handled. Feuelope descends, and receives 
the presents of the suitors. The dialogue of 
Ulysses with Eurymachus. 



e est ) 



BOOK XVIII. 

*lI^ttlL.E fixM in thought the pemive hero tat«» 
"^ A mendicant approach'd the royal gate; 
A surly vagrant of the giant kind. 
The stain of manhood, of a coward mind : 
From feast to feast, insatiate to devour i 

He flew, attendant on the genial hour. 
Him on his mother's knees, when babe he lay» 
3he nam'd Arnveus on his |iatal day : 
But Iru8 his associates call'd the boy, 
Practis'd the commoo messenger to fly f 10 

Ims, a name expressive of tb' employ. 

From his own rouf, with meditated btows» 
He strove to drive the man of mighty woes. 

Hence, dotard ! hence, and timely speed tby[way» 
Lest dragged in vengeance thou repent thy stay ; 15 
See Kow with nods assent yon princely train ! 
But honouiiog age, in mercy I refrain : 
In peace away ! lest, if persuasions fail. 
This arm with blows more eloquent prevail. 
To whom, with stern regard ; O insolence, 20 

Indecently to rail without offence ! 
What bounty gives without a rival share ; 
I ask, what harms not thee, to breathe tiiis air: 
Alike on alms we both precarious live : 
And canst thou envy when the great relieve i 25 
Know, from the bounteous heavens all riches flow, 
And what man gives, the gods by man bestow ; 
Proud as Uiou art, henceforth no more be proud. 
Lest I imprint my vengeance in thy blood ; 
Old as I am, should once ray fury burn, S/Ot 

How would'st thou fly, nor ev'n in thought return I 

Mere woman-glutton! (thus the chur^reply'd); 
A tongue so flippant, with a throat so wide ! 
Why cease I, gods ! to dash those teeth away. 
Like tfbme vile boar's, that greedy of his prey SS 



S90 TB£ OOTBSSt. BOOK XVHI. 

'C7|tf00ts the bearded cora? Rise, try the figfat« 
OiFd well thy loins, epproach and feel nf micht: 
Sure of defeat, before the petra eogage; 
Unequal fight, when youth contends with age 1 

Thus in a wordy war their tongues displ^ 40 
More fierce intents, preluding to ttie fray ; 
Antinoiis bears, and in a jovial vein. 
Thus with Iqud laughter to the suitor*train. 

This happy day in mirth, my friends, employ. 
And lo ! the gods conspire to crown our joy. 45 
See ready for the 6ght, and hand to Laud, 
Ton surly mendicants contentious stand : 
Why urge we not to blows i Well pleas'd they spring 
Swift from their seats, and thickening form a ring. 

^o whom Antinous. Lo I enrich'd with blood, 50 
A kid*s well-fatted entrails (tasteful food) 
On glowing embers lie ; on him bestow 
The choicest portion who subdues his foe ; 
Grant him unrivall'd in these walls to sta^. 
The sole attendant on the genial day. 59 

The lords applaud ; Ulysses then with art. 
And fears weil-felgn'd, disguis'd his d;iantless heart : 

Worn as I am with age, decayed with woe ; 
Say, is it baseness to decline the foe ? 
Hard conflict ! ' when calamity and age ., 60 

With vigorous youth, unknown to cares, engage ! 
Yet, fearful of disgrace, to try the day 
Imperious hunger bids, and I obey ; 
But swear, impartial arbiters Of right, 
^wear to stand neutral, while we cope in fight. 6S 
t The peers assent :' when straight his sacred head 
Teleqiachus upraird, and sternly said. 

Stranger, if prompted to chastise the wrong 
Of this, bold insolent; confide, be strong ! 
til' injurious Greek that dares attempt a blow, 70 
Ttiat Instant makes Telemachas his foe ; 
And these my Mends* shall guard the sacred ties 
Of hospitality, for they are wise. 
. Then, girding his strong loins, the king prepares 
T9 close in combat, and his body bares ; ?5 

* Antinoiis and Knrymaobws, 



Z^Il. THE ODYSSaST. iQk 

Broad s|Ke«d his sfaooldwrs, aiid hit nervotts tKIghs 
By .jut4q(rees, like ivell*tiirB*d columns rike ; 
Ample bis chest, htt Sims are round and long. 
And each strong joint Minerva knits more strong 
{Attendant on her chief) : the snitor-evowd 80 

With wondvr g*se, and gasing speak aloud : 

Irus ! alas ! shall Iras be no more f 
Black fate hspends, and this th* avenging honr ( 
Oods I how bis nerves a D^ltchles8 strei^th proclaim^ 
itrell o'er bis welUstning limbs and brace bis frame! 

Then pale with fears, and sickening at the sight, 8d 
They dragged tW unwilling Iras to the fight ; 
jyom his blank visage fled the coward blood. 
And bis flesh trembled as aghast he stood : 

O titat such baseness should disgrace the Hght ! 9O 
O hide it, death, in everlasting night ! 
(Exclaims Antinoiis) ; can a vigorous foe 
Meanly decline to combat age and woe ? 
But hear me, wretch ! if recreant in die fray 
That huge bulk yield this ill-contested day ; ^ 

Xnstaut Ukon sairsf^ to Eehetus resign'd ; 
A tyrant, fiercest of the tyrant kind, 
Who casts tiiy mangled ears and nose a prey 
To hungry dogs, and lops the man away. 

While with indignaiit scora be sternly spoke, * 100 
lu every joint the trembling Irus shook. 
"Kow front to front each frowning champion stands. 
And poises high in air his adverse hands. 
The chief yet doubts, or to the shades below 
To f^lH the giant at one vengeful blow, I05 

Or save his life ; and soon his life to save 
The king resolves, for mercy sways the brave. 
That instant Iras bfe huge arm extends, 
Full^n the shoulder the rude weight descends ; 
Hhe sage UiysSes, fearful to disclose 110 

The hero latent in the man of woes, 
Checked half his might ; yet raising to the stroke, 
His jaw-bone dash'd, the crashiiig jaw-bone broke : 
Down dropt he stupid from the sitinning wound ; ! 
His feet extended, qnivering beat the ground ; 115 



108 TH« ODYSSmr, BOOK XVKT. 

His mouth and novtrils spoat a purple flood ; 
His teeth, all »hatter'd« rush inmiz'd with blood. 

The peers traasported« as outstretchM he lies. 
With bsrsts of laughter rend tlie vaulted skies ; 

Then dragg*d along, all bleeding from the wound. 
His length of carcass trailing prints the ground ; m 
Rais*d on his feet, again he reels, he falls^ 
Till propt, reclining on the palace walls: 
Then to his hand a staff the victor gave. 
And thus with just reproach addressed the •Uve«^lfi 
■ There terrible, affright the dogs, and reign 
A dreaded tyrant o'er the bestial train! 
But mercy to the poor and stranger show. 
Lest Heaven in vengeance send some mightier woe. 
. Scornhil he spoke, and o*er bis shoulder flung tso 
The broad-patch'd scrip, the scrip in tatters hung 
111 join'd, and knotted to a twisted thong. 
Hien, turning short, disdain'd a further staj ; 
Bat to the palace measur'd back the way. 
XberjB as he rested, gathering in a ring 1S5 

The peers with smiles addrest their unknown king : 

Stranger, may Jove and all th' aerial powers. 
With every blessing crown thy happy hours I 
Our freedom to thy prowess'd arm we owe 
From bold intrusion of thy coward foe, 140 

Instant the flying sail the slave shall wing 
To Echetus, the monster of a king. 

While pleas'd be hears, Antinous bears the food, 
A kid's well-fatted entrails, rich with blood : 
Tlie bread from canisters of shining mold 145 

Amphinbmus; and wines that laugh in gold; 
And oh ! (be mildly cries), may heaven display 
A beam of glory o'er thy futare day ! 
Alas, th^ brave too oft is doom'd to bear 
The gripes of poverty and stings of care. 150 

To whom with thought mature the king replies : 
The tonguu speaks wisely^ when the soul is wise; 
Such was thy father ! in imperial state. 
Great without vice, that oft attends tlie great: 
Nor from the sire ar( thou, the son, declin'd;' 15i 
Then hear my words, and grave them in thy mind I 



.BOOK XVin. TBS ODYSOnr. ^ 

Of all that Iweathes, or grovelling eraeps on earth. 

Most ▼ain is man ! calamitons by birth ; 

To-day, ^th power elate, in strength he blooms; 

Tb» bau^iy creatore on that power presnines : l50 

Anon from heaven a sad reverse he feels ; 

XTntangbt to bear, *gainst heaven the wretch rebels* 

For man is changeful, as his bliss or woe ; 

Too high when |Mrosperons, when distrest too low. 

There was a day,- when with the scornful great l66 

I swelPd in pomp and arrogance of state; 

Proud of the power, tliat to high birth belongs; 

And ns^d that power to justify my wrongs. 

Then let not man be proud ; but firm of mind, 

Biiar the best humbly, and the worst resign'd ; 370 

Be dumb when heaven afflicts ! unlike yon train 

Of haughty spoilers, insolently vain ; 

Who make their i^een and all her wealth a prey; 

But vengeance and Ulysses wing their way. 

O may'st thou; fav4>ur'd by some guardian powori 17i 

Jar, far be distant in that deathful hour ! 

For sure I' am, if stern Ulysses breathe. 

These lawless riots end in blood and death. 

. Then (o the gods the rosy juice he pours, 

And the drain'd goblet to the chief restores. 180 

Stung to the soul, o'ercast with holy dread. 

He shook the graceful honours of his head ; 

His boding mind the future woe forestalls! 

In vain I by great Telemachus he foils. 

For Pallas seals his doom : all sad he turns 186 

To join the peers ; resumes his throne, And mourns. 

Meanwhile Minerva with instinctive fires 
Thy soul, Penelope, from heaven inspires: 
With flattering hopes the suitors to betray, . 
And seem to meet, yet fly tlie bridal day : 190 

Thy husband's wonder, and thy son's, to raise ; 
And crown the motlier and the wife with praise. 
Then, wUle the streaming sorrow dims her eyes, 
Tlios with a transient smile the matron cries: 

£orynomd ! to go where riot reigns 1^ 

I feel »a impulse, though my soul 4ud«i«s ; 



«9# TSB WTfiOT. BOOK Xlttt. 

To siy l«v*d MA thf) tatPM of death lo ahov. 

And in the tra»tor4irie«d ttamaak th« Cm; 

Wb9, SBMNith of tiMigii*, in ^irpote ia«inc«re» 199 

{tides fraad in swUm, wUte deMh is amborii'd thare. 
Oo« warn thj sea, aor be Iha waraiug rwiu 

(|taplj*d tiia sages^ of the royal train) ; 

Bat bath'd, aaoinfead, and ad^ra'd, deaeand ; 

Poverfiii of ehunas* l»d every gaaoe afclead; 

Tbetideof ioirUig teaniavhilaaap|»«M; Ml 

, Tears^ but iadolge the losrov, not raprtfla* 

Some joy ranaijia : io thee a son is given. 

Such as, in fondnassy pacants ask of Haavan. 
Ah ae ! forbear, returns the qaeen, fofbaar. 

Oh ! talk not, Ulk not of vain baaaty's care; tH 

Ko more I ttathe, since be no longer laes 

Those charms, for whom alone I wish to ^easa. 

The day that bore Ulyiaes froos tiMs coast. 
Blasted the little bloom these cheeks caold boast. 

B«t instant bid AatooMi descend, M 

lostaot HippadamA onr steps attend ; 

111 salts it female virtae, to be seei\ 

Alane, indecent, intfaa walks of oma. 
Then while Enryooni the amodabs beara» C19 

J^m heaven Minerva shooia witii gasrdisn caiaa; 
0*er all her sanses, aa the couch she prest, 
She pours a pieaaing, deep, and daath>Uka vast. 
With every tieaaty every feature anas. 
Bids her cheeks gtov, and lights up all bar cfaaimt* 
In her lowe*dartiag ayes awakes the fires fSi 

<(iBinortal gifts 1 to kindle soft desires) ; 
From limb to limb an air majestic sheds* 
And the pare ivory o'er her bosom spvmuls* 
Such Vepas shines, wiien with • measo^d baand 
fllie smoothljr gtidi^ a«jaia th' haraaanieua wnndi 
When with the Gratia in the daaea she moaaa, 99t 
And fires the gaaing gods anth ardaoC lows. 
Then to the skiea her ^tght Mioeiva beads, 
/ And to the queen the daaeei.4nua descea^x 
iprak'd at their steps, bar flowing eyts anelae«» t35 
The te^aba«ipea»aBdtb«^8a«niiah«v«MC.> i 



However *tU well ; Oiat ttoftp avliile ••% 6m» 

With soft forgetfttloeat, % wntcli like mi ; 

Oh 1 were il Vfta to yi9l4 this t wn s iw i t ftrMlll, 

Seod, ohl Piaa^. s«i4 the »l«f p of death I S4« 

Why most I vasM a Uflioiie Ufe io tears. 

Nor barj io the sileat grave my carea^ 

O my Ulysses I ever»hoiM»QrM name! 

For thee I moom till death disaoWea my frame. 

Thus waiHogi slow and sadly she desoeads, 845 
On either haad a dauyiel train attends : 
Full where the dome ite shining valves axpaads^ 
Radiant before the gasiag peers she stands ; 
A' veil tra9slaceat o'er her brow dispUyd, 
Met beauty seemsi and only seems to shade; ' iS$ 
Sodden she lighten* ia their daealed 9f%»t 
And sudden ftamee in every bosom rise ; 
They send their eager soyals with every look. 
Till silence thus th' uaperial matron hroket 

O why ! my son, why now no more appean tSS 
That wanntli of soul that urg*d thy yonager yearaf 
Thy riper days no growing worth impart, 
A man in stature» still a boy in heart! 
Thy well-knit frame unprofitabJy strong. 
Speaks thee an hero from an hero sprung : 909 

Bat the just gods in vain thstw gifts bestow, 

wise alone in form, and brave ia ^ow I 
Heavens ! could a stranger furl oppression's band 
Beneath thy roo^, and oouldst tfaon taioely stand ? 
If thou the stranger's righteous cause decline, 865 
His is the safferance, bat the sbame ia thine. 

To whom, with filial awe, the prinee returas: 
That generous soul with just resentment hvms ; 
Yet, taught by time, my heart has learn'd togiow# • 
F#r others' good» and melt at othersf wo» ; g? 

But, impotent these riota to repel, 

1 bear their outrage, though my soul cabel ; 
Helplefs aadd the snares of death I tread, 

, And numbers leagold in impious umaa dnadT 
9pt Aow ao crime is theirs : this wrong proceeds 9f9 
Pk-em Iran, Mid ihe,gatU^ Irya Ueeda* ' „ • 



O would to Jove ; or her whose anas display 
The shield of Jove, or him who rules the day ! 
That jon prond saiton, who UceDlioas tread 
These courts, wtthin these courts like irus bled : fiSD 
Whose loose head tottering, as with wine opprest. 
Obliquely drops» and nodding knocks his breast; 
Powerless to move, his staggering fimt deny 
The coward wretch tbe privilege to fly. 

Then to the queen Eorynachos replies : fiSft 

O justly lov'd, and not more &ir than wise ! 
Should Greece tlirongh all her hundred stales survey 
Thy finished chanas, all Greece would own thy sway. 
In rival crowds contest the glorious pris^ 
PiSpeopUiq; realms to gaae upon thy eyee : CQO 

O woman ! loveliest of the lovely kind« 
In body perfect, and comitate in mind. 

Ah me, returns the queen, when from this shore 
Ulysses saird, tiien beauty was no more ! 
The gods decreed these eyes no more should keep 
Olieir wonted grace, but only serve to weep 9g6 
Should he return, whate'er my beauties prove. 
My virtues last; my brightest charm is love. 
Vow, grief, thou all art mine ! the gods o*ereast 
Vy soul with woes, that long, ah long muK last! SOO 
Too faithf ullj my heart retains the day 
That sadly tore my royal lord away : 
}le grasped my hand, and. Oh my spouse I leave 
Thy arms (he ery'd), perhaps to find a grave« 
Tame speaks the Trojans bold, they boast the skill 
To give the feather'd arrow wings to kill, 306 

To dart the spear, and guide the rushing car 
With dreadful inroad through the walks of war. 
My sentence is gone forth, and 'tis decreed 
Veriiaps by righteous heaven that I must Meed ! MO 
Ify father, mother, all I trust to thee; 
To them, to them transfer the love of um ; ^ 
But, when my son grows man, the royal away 
Besign, and happy be thy bridal <Uy ! 
•nch were bis word^ ; and Hymen now prepares UA 
To light his tenb, nad five »• up to Mrts ! 



SMC JLflU. Til A OtMaM'. t0| 

Tb' ■Wii Hot InmA cf 'wntHfttt Jovo t6 bear : 
A wretah tiife most coMf l«l» that breatlies the air I 
Fairn •v'n below tkeiriglitt ter weman doe ! 
QMelesa to p i e io, wMi Mtoieboe ye woo ( SCO 

The gtfierowa towtn, nodlods to succeed. 
Bid their wiioie herds and floelts lnbaQ<tuets bleed ^ 
By precioos gifti the vow tiiwere display: 
Too, only you, iaaiN< her ye I6ve your prey, 
t Well-plea^ UlyiMe hears his qoeen deceive 339 
The suitor^raln and raise a thirst to give : 
Falso hopoa she kukdlee, bat those hopes betray, 
And pfoasiao^ yet elod«, the bridal day. 

¥rbile yet she speaks, the gay AntinoQs'^cries. 
M^pring of kings, and aiore than woman wise ! SttO 
rTis right; 'tis maa'a prerogative to give. 
And cttStDna bids tiiee witltont shame receiver; 
Tet never, never, from tkydome we Aiove, 
Till Hynea lights the tofcbof spousal love. 

The poate diapateta'd theii' heralds to convey Sii 
The gifts of love; with speed they take the way. 
A robe Antiooiis gives of shifting dyes, 
The varying hues in gay eonfnsion rise 
Rich from the artist** hand ! Twelve clesps of gold 
dose to the lessenliig waist fhe vest infold ! 349 
Pown from the swelling loins the vest uiobonnd 
Floats in bright waves redundant o'er the ground. 
A bneefet rich with gold, with amber gay, 
l^at shot effulgence like the solar ray, 
Btarymaehas fnresents : and ear-rings bright, 345 
liritli trepio stars that east a trembling light. 
Tisander bean a oeeklfiee wrought with art : 
And every peer, expressive of his heart, 
A gift bestows : this done, the queen ascends, 
Aiyl slow*lMrtiiad her damsel-train attends. 350 

Then to the dance they form the vocal strain. 
Till Hesperus Itiads forth the starry train ; 
And now he raises, as the day<Hght fades, 
His goldeh circlet in the dee^ning shades ; 
Thiee vases heap'd with copious iires display 355 
O'er all Ihft pelaco a fiocitiovs day ; 



im niE ojir^axt. book xvitr 

From space to ipace the torch .wide-beandof bama. 
And Bprigbtly dAsuels trim the rays by t.unis. 

To whom the king: 111 suiti your sex to stay 
.^one vith meo ! ye modest maids, awayl 90o 

Oo, with the qaeea the spindle guide ; or call 
(The partners of her cares) the silver wool ; 
Be it my task tlie torches to supply 
£v*n till the morning lamp adonis the sky; 
ISw'n till the morning, with anvaaried care, 965 
Sleepless I watch ; for I have leam'd to bear* 

Scornful they beard : Melantbo* fair and yonnf 
(Melantho, from the loins of DoUus sprui^y ' 
Who with the queen her years an iafsnt led* 
lyith the soft fondness of a daughter bred) SJ^ 

Chiefly derides : regaidless of the cares 
Her queen end ures, polluted joys trtie shaiea 
Nocturnal witli Eurymachus t with eye* 
That speak disdjun, the wanton tlius replies^ 
Oh ! whither wanders thy distemper'd braiut 575 
Thou bold intruder on a princely train i 
Hence to the vagrants' rendezvous repair; 
Or shun in some black forge the midnight air. 
Proceeds this boldness from a turn of soul. 
Or flows licentious from the copious bowl i 380 
Is it that vanquished Irus swells thy mind? 
A foe may meet thee of a braver kind, 
Who, shortening with a storm of blows thy stay. 
Shall send thee howling all in blood away ! 

To whom with, frowns : O impudent in wrong 1 365 
Thy lord shall curb that insolence of tongue; 
Know, to Telemncbus 1 tell .th' offence; 
The scourge, the scourge shall lash thee into sense* 

With conscious shame they hear the stem rebake^ 
Nor longer durst sustain the sovereign look. ago- 

Then to the servile task the monarch toms 
His royal hands, each torch refulgeut burns 
With added day: meanwhile in museful mood» 
Absorpc in thought on I'engcance fiz'd he stood. 
Attd%Aow the marUal maid, by deeper wrongs 9Q5 
To rouse \} lyases poinbi the suitors* toaiguei|» 



MOOiti Z?IH. TBS oDYsar. m 

Scorafnl of age, to Uant tho virtooaa wu ; 
Tboufhtleu and g%y, £«ryiii»chii8 boftn. 

Hear me (ho cries)* confederates and friends f 
Some god» Bo doabt, this stranger kindly tends ; 40Q 
The shining baldness of bis bead sartey» 
It aids oar torch>Ught and reflects the ray.— 

Then to the king that levell'd baaghty Troy. " 
Say, if large hire can tempt thee to employ 
Those hands in work ; to tend the rural trade, 406 
To dress the walk, and form th* embowering rtiadti I 
So food and raiment constant will I give : 
But idly thus thy soul prefers to live, 
And starve by strolling, not by work to thrive. 

To whom incensed : Should we» O prince, engag* 
. In rival tasks beneath the burning rage 411 

Of summer suns ; were both constrained to wield 
Foodless the scythe along the burden*d field ; 
Or should we labour, while the ploughshare woun'ds 
"With steers of equal strength, th* allotted grounds : 
^neath my lid)ours, bow thy wondering eyes - 410 
Uight see the sable field at once arise ! 
fihould Jove dire war unloose, with spear and shield. 
And nodding helm, I tread th* ensanguin'd field, 
fierce in the vap: then would'st thou, would'st thoUa 
— sayr- 4«t 

ICisname me, glutton, In that glorious day i 
No, thy ill-judging thoogbts the brave <iisgrHce; 
ms thou injurious art, not I am base. 
Frond to seem brave among a coward train ! 
But know, thou art not valorous but vain. 4M. 

Gods ! should the stern Ulysses rise in might. 
These gates would seem too nanow for thy flight. 

"While yet ho speaks, Eorymachus replies. 
With indignation flashing from his eyes. 

Slave, I with Justice might deserve the wrong, 430i 
Should I not punish that op)>robrious tongue. 
Irreverent to the great, and uncontrouVd, 
' Art thou from wine, or innate folly, bold i 
Perttaps, these outrages fxotn Irus flow, 
A worthless triumph o*er a worthless foe! 435 



'«0O TBB ODTSUtr. >BOOK XVm. 

He said : aad villi fall fttree a fooltfool threw: 
IXrhirl'd from Ms tinB, wllli eniag rage it flaw: 
Ulvsaea, caatiotts •f the veDgefnl fee, 
Stoo^ to the gfoand, and disi^peinu die blow. 
Kot to a youth who deals the goblet round, 440 
Full OB his shoulder it iudicts a wouad, 
^ Daah*d from his baud the souBdiug goblet flies. 
He shrieks, he reels, he falls, and breathless lies. 
- Then wild uproar and claiaour moonts the sky. 
Till BUiual thus the peers indigBaiit cry; 445 

O had tbia stranger sunk te realms beneath. 
To the black realms of darkuess and of death. 
Ere yet he trod these shores ! to strifs he draws 
Peer against peer ; and what the weighty cause ? 
A vagabond ! for him the great destroy, 450 

In Tile Ignoble jars, the fieast of joy. 

To whom the atera Telemadius uprose: 
Ooda i what wild folly from tiie gcAlet flows ! 
'Whence this ni^uarded openness of soul. 
But from the licence of the copious bowl ? 45S 

Or Heaven delusion sends : but hence, away I 
Force I forbear, and without force obey. 

Silent, abash'd, they hear the stem rebuke, 
nil thus Amphiuemus the silence broke. 

True are his words, and he whom truth offends, ifiO 
Kot with Tslemachus, but trutii contends ; 
lift not the hand of violence invade 
The reverend ataraiiger, or tiie spotless maid ; 
Retire we hence ! but crown with rosy wine 
The flowing goblet to the powers divine I 465 

Ouaid he his guest beneath whose roof he stands. 
This justice, this the social rite demaufls. 

The peers assent; the geUet Mulihs crown'd 
With purple joloe, aud bore in order round ; 
■aeh peer sucoeasive his libatioB pours 4T4 

To the bleat gods who ill th* aeiial bowers ; 
Then swill'd with wlae, with noise the crowds oh«Ji 
And rusliing forth tumultuous reel away. 



,t^$^. 




TH« • 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XIX. 



ARGUMENT. 

7%e IHseovary qf Ulyt^ to EyrycUd, 

Ulys»m and his soa remove the weftpons out of tb« 
armoury. Ulysses, in conversation -with Penelope, 
gives a fictitious account of his adventures ; then 
assures her he had formerly entertained faer hus- 
band in Crete ; and describes exactly his person 
and dress, affirms to have heard of him in Phaeacia 
and Tbesprotia, and that his return is certain, and 
within a month. He tiien goes to bathe, and is 
attended by Euryclea, who discovers him to be 
Vlyfses by the scar upon his leg, which hie for- 
merly received in hunting the wild boar on Par- 
nassus. The poet inserts a digression, relating 
that acci<jlent, with all its particular*. 



i«W 



t sot 1 



BOOK XIX. 

i^OKSULTING secret vlUi thebla^ejM maid, 
^ Still in the dome divine Ulysses stayed: 
Bevenge mature for act inflam'd bis breast; 
And thus the son the fervenVsire addrest. 
Instant convey those steely itores of war 5 

To distant rooms, disposed with secret care : 
The cause demanded by the suitor train. 
To sooth their fears, a specious reason feign : 
Say, since Ulysses left his natal coast, 
Obscene with smoke, their beamy lustre lost, 10 

His arms deform the roof tbey wont adorn : 
From the glad walls inglorious lumber torn* 
Suggest, ^uit Jove the peaceful thought inspir'd. 
Lest, they by sight of swords to fury fir'd. 
Dishonest wounds, or vidlence of soul, 15 

Defame the. bridal feast and friendly bowl. 

The prince obedient to the sage commai|d» 
To Euryclea thus : the female band 
In their apartments keep; secure the doors ; 
These swarthy arms among the covert stores 90 
Are seemlier hid ; my thoughtless youth they blame, 
Imbrown'd with vapour of the smouldering flame. 

In happy hour (pleas'd Euryclea cries), 
Tutor*d by early woes, grow early wise ! 
Inspect with sharpen*d sight, and frugal care, M 
Your patrimonial wealth, a prudent heir. 
. But who the lighted taper will provide 
(The female train retir*d) your toils to guide ? 

Without infringing hospitable right, S9 

Tills guest (he cried) shall bear the guiding light : 
I cheer no laay vagrants with repast ; 31 

They share tlie meal that earn it, ere tbey taste. 

He said ; from female ken she straight secures 
The purposed deed, and guards the bolted doors : 
Auxiliar to his son, Ulysses bears 35 

The plumy.crested helms and pointed spears, 
Vi(h sbielfls iod«Dted deep in gloriooji warp." 



9eOK XIX, THE ODTSSET. SQ% 

MUienrft TietrlflM on her charge etteadsy 

Aad with her golden lamp his toil befriends* 

Not socb the sickly beans, which uniincere 40 

Gild the gross vapour of this nether sphere ! 

A present deiiy the prince confess'd* 

And wrapt with ecstacy the sire address'd* 

What miracle thus dazzles with surprise ! 
Distinet in rows the radiant columns rise : iS 

Hie walls, where'er my wondering sight i tvnit 
And roofs, amidst a blaze of glory burn ! 
Some visitant of pure etherial race, 
"With his bright presence deigns the dome to grace* 

Be calm, replies the sire.^to none impait^ A> 

But oft revolve the vision in thy heart; 
Celestials, mantled in excess of light ; 
Can visit unapproach'd by mortal sight. 
Seek thou repose ; whilst here I sole remain, 
T' explore th« conduct of the female tndn : S$ 

The pensive queen, percliance, desires to know 
Hie series of my toils, to soothe her woe« 

With tapers flaming day bis train attends. 
His blight alcorve th' obsequious youth ascends, 
&>ft slumberous shades his drooping eyelids close. 
Till on her eastern throne Aurora glows. 04 

Whilst, forming plans of death, Ulysses stayM, 
In council secret with the martial maid ; 
Attendant nymphs in beauteous order wait 
The queen, descending from her bower of states 6S 
Her cheeks the warmer blush of Venus wear» 
Chasten'd with coy Diana's pensive air. 
An ivory seat with silver ringlets grac*d, 
Bj fam'd Icmalius wrought, the menials plac'd: 
With ivory silver'd thick the footstool shone, 70 - 
OVir which the panther's various bide was thrown. 
The sovereign seat with graceful air she press'd ; 
To different tasks tMeir toil the nymphs address'd: - 
The golden goblets some, and some restor'd 
From stains of luxury the polish'd board ; fX ' 

These to remove th* expiring embers came. 
While those with unctuous fir foment the hmmt. 



*Twu then Mdaiitlio iHtli tefMrlem lUen 
Eenew'U W tttsck, iacontkWMit of spleen; 
Avauat, sbe eried, otfnwive to my sight f BO 

Deem not Id aolmsh here to luric by night. 
Into the womuMtste asqaipt to pry ; 
A dey'devourer, and an evening spy ! 
Tagrant* begone ! before this biasing brand 
Statu urge— «nd trair'dit faitsing in her hand. 85 

Th' iaanlted hero rolls his wrathfal eyes. 
And, Why so tnrbolent of sonl? he cries ; 
iCan these lean shrivelPd limbs onnerv'd iritfa age. 
These poor bat honest rags, enkindle rage i 
In Gfovds) -we wear the badge of hungry Me ? 00 
And beg, degraded fnaa superior state ! 
Constrain' d a rent>charge on the rich I IWe ; 
Redac'd to crave the good 1 once covld give : 
A palace,<wealth, and slaves, I late possessi'd. 
And all that makes the great be caird (he bless'd r 
My gate, an emblem of my open soul, OO 

Embraced the poor, and dealt a bounteeas dole. 
Scorn not the sad reverse, injurions maid I 
Tis Jove's high will, and be his will obey'd ! 
19'or think thyself exempt : that rosy prime 100 

Must share the general doom of withering time; 
To some new channel soon, the changeful tide 
Of royal grace, th' offended qoeeo may guide; 
And her lov*d lord unplnme thy towering pride. 
Or were he dead, 'tis wisdom to beware : 105 

Sweet blooms the prince beneath Apollo's care ; 
Your deeds with quick impartial eye surveys. 
Potent to punish what he cannot pndse. 

Her keen reprcioch had reaeh'd the sovereign's ear ; 
Loquacious insolent ! ishe cries, forbear : 110 

To thee the purpose of my soul I told ; 
Venial discourse, unblam'd, with him to hold ; 
The storied labours of my wandering lord, 
To sooth my grief he haply may record : 114 

Yet him, my guest, thy venom'd rage hath stnng: 
Thy head shall pay the forfWt of thy tongue f 
But thou on -whom my palace carea depead, 
Euryaom^, regard the stranger-friend: 



BOOK 2ax; XBB OBYlsaKr. SOB 

A Mat, soft spnad with forry tpoilt, prepare; 
Doe-distant, fox in both to speak, and hear. ISO 

The BMnial &ir obeys witib doteoos haste : 
A seat adomM with furry spoils she plaeM: 
Dae-distant for discoarse ttie hero sate ; 
When tlios tlU sorereign from her ehair of state : 
Reveal, obseqtiioos to my first demand, 185 

Thy name, thy lineage, and thy natal ladd. 

He thns : O queen ! whose far-resounding fume 
Is bounded only by the starry frame, 
ConSMmmate pnttern of imperial sway, 
Whose pions mle a warlike race obey f 190 

In wayy gold thy somsser viOes are dress*d<; 
Thy aotumns bend widi copious fruit oppressed; 
' With ilocks and herds each grassy plain is stor'd ; 
And fish of every fin thy seas afford ; 
Their affluent joys the grateful realms confess ; 135 
And bless the Power that still delights to bless. 
Gracious permit this prayer, imperial dame ! 
Forbear to know my lineage, or my name : 
Urge not this breast to heave, these eyes to weep ; 
In sweet oblivion let my sorrows sleep ! 140 

My woes awak'd will violate your ear ; ' 
And to this gay censorious train appear 
A winy vapour melting in a tear. 

Their gifts the gods resum*d (Uie queen rejoinM), 
Exterior ^race, and eoergy of mind ; 140 

When the dear, partner of my nuptial joy, 
Auxiliar troops combin'd, to conquer Troy. 
My lord's protecting hand alone would raise 
My drooping verdure, and extend my praise ! 
Peers from the distant Samian shore resort ; 159 
Here with Dulichians join'd, besiege the court : 
Eacyntbus, green with ever>shady groves, 
And Ithaca, presumptuous boast their loves : 
Obtruding on my choice a second lord, 
They press the Hymen»an nte abhorr'd. 155 

Misrule thus mingling wi^ domestic cares, 
I live regardless of my state affairs; 
Receive no stranger.guest, no poor relieve ^ 
Rut evei for ay lord io secret friers I— 



This art, iQ»^act hy >oni» celMtial pMPcr, 1<SD 

I tf j'd, elusiv« of tb« bn4»l lw»iir : 

" Te peerf , I cry, v)|o prwa to g«io a hmurk, 

" Where 4ead Uljsacs cUims ao futtire part; 

" Rebate your l9\eft ^^b rival vuit su9peiid» 

** Till Uiis fttcereal veb ny iabourt end: 105 

** Cease, till to goo4 I>94»rtes I beQueatb 

** A pall of »tate, the omitwipOLt of deatib. 

*' For vben to Fatp be bov** each Grecian dame 

" With just reproach were Ucen^'d to defame ; 

** Should he, long bonaur'4 in supreme cmmnaad. If* 

'* Want the last duties of a danebter'* band,** 

The fiction pleas'd I th^ lovee 1 1<WC elii4e; 

The night still raveU'd what the day renev'd : 

Three years successfal in my ait coureal'd. 

My ineffectual fraud the fourth revealM^ 1T6 

Befriended by my own. domestic spies. 

The woof unwrQugbt the suitpr-train surpiiae. 

From nuptial ritt^s tliry no«r no more recede. 

And fear forbids to falsify the brede. 

My an^^vous parents urge a speedy choice, ^ 180 

And to their suffrage gain the filial voice. 

For rule mature, TelemachuA deplores 

His dome disbonour'd* and exhaestcd stoiea-p- 

But, stranger ! as .thy days seem full of lute, 

Pivi^e d^sffOttrse, in turn thy birtb ralbtei 185 

Thy port asserts thee of distinguisb'd race; 

Ko poor unfathered product of disgrace. 

Princess I he ,crie«» renew'd by your command. 
The dear remeibbranee of my naiiw lasd. 
Of secret grief unceals the fmitfol soaree j ig$ 

And tears repeat their long-fbrgeuea conrae I 
So pey!9 tlie wretch whom Fate rmml^rMiw to roam. 
The dues of nature to bis natal iiomel-o 
But inwd en my soul let sosrov pf^^ 
Tour sovereign will my duty biida ebey. MQ$ 

. Crete awes the ourcUng wevee, a iraitfal soil I 
And nine^ citiaa eromn t he <•» bore isle: - 
Mix'd with her gemiine eons, e do p t ad eimte 
In variofeteiifeea«fom Mv vaHeMeiaimet 



CydoniaM Ji — i lfa l wtlfa the bended jmw, tOO 

Aftd i>old Pelatgi boeit a aelive^s dee : 

The Dorieoe, plem'd aeid the filet of war. 

Her Ibedftil ^ebe wMi fievee Adiatant share ; 

Cii08su8» her eafitoai of high eowmaftd $ 

Vhere eeepter^d ifiMM wkb imfertial hand M5 

Divided ilglit ; each ainth revolving year. 

By JoFe Nceiv'd ia eoeeeil (o oeafer. 

His son Denealian bore ••oces^Te avvf ; 

His son^ who gave aie icat to view the day f 

fhe royal bed an elder issue Uest» f 10 

Idomoneos, whom IHoo fields attest 

Of matefaleas deeds t uiiu«m*d to naitial tall 

I liv'd iDglorions in my native isle. 

Studious of peace, and £thon is my name. 

Twis then to Crete the greiA Vlysses came ; 815 

For elemental wer, and wiatery Jove, 

From Ifalea's gitstgr cape his navy drove 

To bright LocinaV fisoe ; tlie sheify coast 

Where load Amnlsas la the deep is lost. 

His vessels moer'd (wa iacommodteas port !) 8fl0 

The hero s pee d ed t» the Cnessiah conrt : 

Ardent tiie partner of his armevto find. 

In leagaee of ieng eommetiral friendship joiaM* 

Vain hope ! ten sune had wam*d the western strand, 

8tace my brave brother with his Cretan band 2tff 

Had B«ii*d for Troy: bat to the genial feast 

My honoai'd roof i«e«iv*d the royal gnest : ^ 

Beeves 4wt bis tnda^e Cnossiau peers assign, 

A public treat, with jars of generous wine. 

Twelve dsys whHe Boreas vex'd tV aerial speee, 

Hr iMspkable dome he defgn*d to grace : tSL 

And when the aortic had ceas'd the stormy roar, 

He wing*d hto voyage to the Pl>ryilan shore. 

Thus the fam*d hero, perfected ie wlMs, * 

-Tiltb fair simiKtode of troth begutles Sli 

The qaeen*saUentiv<frear: dis^olvM io^'woe. 
From her bright eyee the teAi «inbo«Bded flow* • 
As snows coUeeted on the motratalA freeie-; " 

Vbeo milder te|iM»bMalfa*»^rcraalhreMt» 



MB THE ODTSSET. MKMC XIZ. 

.Jhe fleecy pile obey» the whisperiog gales. 
Ends in a stream, and murmiirs trough the Talaai 
So, melted with the pleasing tale he told» 

. Down her fair cheek the copious torrent roUVl : 
She to her present lord lameata him loet. 
And views that otyect which she wanto the moat 1 246 
Withering at heart to see the weeping itdrt 
His eyes look stern, and cast a gloomy stare; 
Of horn the stiff relentless balls appear* ' 
Or globes of iron fix'd in either sphere; 
Firm wisdom interdicts the softening tear, 2M 

A speech less interval of grief ensues. 
Till tli^s the queen the tender theme renews* 

Stranger ! that e'er thy hospitable roof 
Ulysses grac'dj coufirm by faithful proof; 
Delineate to my view my warlike lord, . 25f 

His form, his habit, and hi» train record. 

'Tis hard, he cries, to bring to sudden sight 
Ideas .that have wing'd their disUnt flight; 
Rare on the mind those images are trac*d. 
Whose footsteps twenty winters have de^'d: 9dm 
But what I can, receive. — In ample mode, 
A robe of miliury purple flow'd 
O'er all his frame : illustrious oo his breast* 
The double-clasping gold the king confest. 
In the rich woof a hound. Mosaic drawn, 96^ 

Bore on full stretch, and seia'd a dappled fawn; 
Deep in the neck his fangs indent their bold; 
They, pant and struggle in the moving gold. 
Fine as a filmy web beneath it shone 
A vest, that dauled like a cloudless sun : S7« 

The female train who round him Ihrong'd to g«9«|i 
In silent wonder sigh'd unwilling praise. 
A sabrtf, when the warriur prest to part, 
I gave, enameird with Vulcanian art: 
A mantle purple-ting'd, and radiant vest, itS 

Diraeusion'd equal to his siae, esprest 
Affection grateful to toy hoaour'd. guest, 
A favourite herald in his train I knew, 

ills viMga S0IM19 and, qf ^i( im^ . 



I90S Znt. THE 0DT8SKT. 90$ 

Short woolly curls o*erfleec'd his bending head, S80 
O^er which » promontory shoulder spread ; 
Eurybates ! io whose large soal alone 
Ulysses vieVd an image of his own. 

His speech the tempest of her itrief reator*d, - 
In all he told the recognised her lord : S83 

Bnt when the storm was spSent in plenteous showers; 
A pause inspiriting her languished powers : 

thou, she cry*d, whom first inclement fate 
irad» welcome to my hospitable gate ; 

With all thy wants the name of poor shall end : S^O 
Hbaceforth live honour'd, my domestic friend ! 
The Test much envy'd on your native coast. 
And regal robe with figurM gold embost. 
In happier hours my artful hand employed, 
When my loVd lord tiiis blissful bower enjoyM : Sg9 
Hie fall of Troy erroneous and forlorn 
Doom'd to survive, and never to return ! 

Then he, with pity tonch*d : O royal dame ! 
Your ever«anztous mind, and beauteous frame, 
From the devouring n^e of grief reclaim. 900 

1 not the fondness of your aoul reprove 

For such a lord ! who crownM your virgin-Iova 

With the dear blessing of a fair increase i 

Himself adom'd with more than mortal grace: 

Yet while I sptaak, ^e mighty woe suspend ; HOS 

Truth forms my tale; to pleasing truth attend. 

The royal object of your dearest care. 

Breathes in no distant clime the vital air : 

In rich Thesprotia. and the nearer bound 

Of Tbessaly, his name I beard renown*d : 9iO 

Without retinue, to that friendly shore 

Welcom'd with gifts of price, a sumless store ! 

His sacrilegious tr^in, who dar'd to prey 

On herds devoted to tiie god of day. 

Were doomM by Jove, and Phoibus' just decree, Sl5 

To perish in the rough Trinacrian sea. 

"Po better fate the blameless chief ordained, 

A floatiag fragment of the Wreck regain*d» 



110 THx ofyrasET.- BOOK so.' 

4Md rode the storm ; till, bj,the billowft«o«t» 

Re landed on the Cur Phseaciaa coMt, , 100 

That race who eraalate the life of gods. 

Receive him joyous to their bleet abodes x 

I^rge gifts confer, a readj sail coiniaand» - 

To speed bis voyage to the Grecian strand. 

But your vise lord (in whose ca)>acious «•«! 8SS 

High schemes of power in just saccesaion roU) 

His Ithaca refused from favouring Fate» 

Till Qopious wealth might guard his regal state* 

^hedon the &ct affirm'd, whose sovereign sway 

Thesprotian tribes, a duteons race, obe^ : 390 

And bade the gods this addewl truth attest 

(While pure libatioas crown the geqial feast), 

That anchored in his port the vessel staiid. 

To waft the hero to his naul land. 

I for DuUchium urge the watery way, M# 

But first the Uiyssean wealth survey : 

Bo rich the value of a store so vast 

Bemauds the pomp of centuries to waste I 

The darling object of your royal love, 

Was journey'd thence to Dodonean Jove; - 340 

^ By the sure precept of the sylvan shrine. 
To form the conduct of his great design : 
Irresolute of soul, his state to shrowd 
In dark disguise, or come, a king avow'd ? 
Thus lives your lord ; nor longer doom'd to roan: 
Soon will he grace this dear paternal dome. M0 
By Jove, the source of good, supreme in power! 
By the blest genius of this friendly bower i 
I ratify my speech, before the sun 
His annual longitude of heaven shall run ; 3S9 

When the pale empress of yon starry train 

ITS the next month renews her faded wane, 
Ulysses will assert hi^ rightful reign. 
What tbanka! what boon! reply'd the queen, sre 
due. 
When time shall prove the storied blessing true? S» 
My lord's return should fate no more retard, 
Envy shall sicken at thy vast rewerd. 



BOOK XDC. tBE ODlMlY. Ml 

Bat By proplwtfe iters, lias! presage, 
TlM vottnds of Destiny's reteatless rage. 
1 long musk weep, nor will Ulysses come, SOd 

"With royal gifbi to send yon hoaonr*ti borne ! — 
Your otiiv task, ye menial train, forbear ; 
Kow wash the straagtf ,.and the bed prepare : 
With splendid pells the downy fleece adorn : 
Uprising early with tiie pnrpte mom, 963 

Hia sinews shrunk with age, and stiff with toil. 
In the warm bath foment with ft-agrant oil. 
Then witti Telemachns the social foast 
Partaking free, my sole invited guest; 
Whoe'er neglects to pay d&tinetion due, S70 

The breach of hospitable right may rue. 
The Tuigar of my sex I most exceed 
In real fame, when moM humanely deed ; 
And vainly to the praise of qneen aspire. 
If, stranger! I permit* that mean attire 379 

Beneath the feastfnl bower. A narrow space 
Confined the circle of onr destin'd race ; 
lis ours ^ith good the scanty round to grace, 
lliose who to cruel wroug their state abuse, 
Breaded in life the mutcer'd curse pursues ; 300 
By death disroVd of all their sarage powers. 
Then, licens*-d rage her hateful prey devours. 
But he whose io-bom worth his acts commend. 
Of gentle soul, to human race.a friend; 
The wretched he relieves diffuse his fame, 385 

And distant tongues extol the patron-name. 
Princess, he cry'd, in vain your bounties flow 

00 me, confirmed and obstinate in woe. 
When my Iov*d Crete received mj final view. 

And from my weeping eyes her clifis withdrew ; 990 
These Utter*d weeds (my decent robe resign'd) 

1 chose, the livery of a woeful mind ! 
Kor will my heart-corroding cares abate 
With splendid palls, and canopies of state : 
Low«ouch'd on earth, the gift of sleep I scorn, 305 
And catch the glances of the waking morn; 

The delicacy of your courtly train 

To wash a wretched wanderer would ditdats ; 



sit TBX QBTSBBY. BOOK ICt. 

•at if, Ib tnct ttf loMf esperieaee try'd. 

And a«d muUtade of woes allj'd, 400 

3oaM vTCtch relnetant views aerial Uglit« 

To her aeaa hand assign the friendly rite. 

Pleas*d with his wise reply, the qneett rejoin'd ; 
Sach gentle manneniy and so safe a mind* 
In all who gnc*d this hospitaUe bower 405 

I ne'er discem*d, before tiais social.honr. 
Such serrant as year hnmble choice requires. 
To light reoeiv'd the.lord of my desireSp 
New from the birth : and widi a modier*8 hawd 
His tender bloom to ssanly growdi Mistain'd: 410 
Of matchless prudence, and a dnteons mind: 
Hiongfa now to life's extrem^t verge declin'd 
Of strength superior to the toil assign*d.-~> 
Aise, Eoryclea, with offidovs care 
For the poor friend the cleansing bath prepare ; 41 J 
This debt his cofrespondent fortunes claim. 
Too like tf lyases, and periiaps tiie same ! 
Thus, old, with woes, mj fancy paints him new ! 
For age unflmely marks the careful brow. 

Instant, obsequious td the mild command, KO 
Sad Euryclea rose : with trembling hand 
She veils the torrent of her tearful eyes; 
And thus impasslon*d to herself replies ; 

Son of my love, and monarch of my cares ! 
What pangs for thee this wretched bosom bears; OS 
Are thus by Jove who'ronstant beg bisaid 
With pious deed, and pure devotion, paid f 
He never dar'd defraud the sacred fkoe. 
Of perfect hecatombs in order slain : 
There oft implor'd hb tutelary power, 4"«0 

IdOng to protract the sad sepulchral hour ; 
That, form*d f<Mr empire with paternal care* 
His realm might recognise an equal heir, 
O destin*d head ! The pious vows are lost ; 
His God forgets him on a foreign coast !-—> 43ft 

Berhaps, like thee, poor guest ! in wanton pridt 
^e rich insult him, and the young deride ! 
Conscious of worth revilVj, thy generous mind 
The friendly rite of purity deeliodj 



MQK JDO* 1H& omnnv. sis- 

Xjr will etmeutiiit with «iy qncM^t eoawuMid, 4iO 

Aoeapt the bath firom this otaeqvioot hand. 

A strong emotion shnkes my «Bgaish*d breast: 

la tfaj whole fona Uljsses seems exprest : 

Of all the wretched harbouf'd on oor oosst» 

Voae imag*d here like thee mj master lost. 44S 

Tbas half (UscoverM throogh the dark disg oise, 
With cool composure feigned, the chief replies : 
Toa joia jour suffrige to the public vote ; 
Ihe same you thinks have all b^olders thought. 

He said : replenished from the purest springs, 450' 
The ivret straight with busy care she brings : 
In the deep vase, that shone like burnish'd gold. 
The boiling fluid tempcrates tbe cold. 
Meantime revolving in his thoughtful mind 
The scar, with which his manly knee was sigo'd ; 4M 
His face averting firom the crackling blase. 
His shoulders intercept th* unfriendly rays: 
Hius cautious in the obscure he hop*d tQ fly ' 
Tile curious search of £tuyclea*s eye. 
Cautious in vain ! nor ceas*d the dame to find 460' 
The sear with which his manly knee was siga*d. 

This on Parnassus (combating the boar) 
With glancing rage the tusky savage tore. 
Attended by his brave maternal race. 
His grandsire sent him to the sylvan chace, 4169' 
Antolycns the bold (a mighty name 
For spotless faith and deeds of martial fttme : ' 
Hermes his patroo-god, those gifts bestow'd. 
Whose shrine with weanling lambs he wont to load)." 
His course to Ithaca this hero sped; 47(y 

When the first product of I>ert0s* bed 
Was new disclos'd to birth j the banquet ends, 
When Euryclea from the queen descends. 
And to his fond embrace the babe commends. 
** Reeeive; she cries, your royal daughter's son ; 4ft^- 
" And name the blessing that your pray'rs have won.**' 
"fhen thus tlie hoary chief, ** My victor arms 
** Have aw*d the realms around.with direalarms;- 



" A sure memorial of ipy dreaded fame 
-** The boy ?ImlI bear ; Ulysaes be his name! ^0 
" And when with filial love the youUi shall come 
'* To view his mother's soil, my Delphic dome 
** Mfitti gifts of price shall send him joyous home." 
Lur*d with t,he j^romis'd boon, when youthful priae 
Ended in man/bis mother's natal clime 48? 

Ulysses spught ; with fond affection dear 
Amp^itbea's arms received the royal heir: 
Qer ancient lorrl* an equal joy possest; 
Instant he bade prepare .the genial feast : 
A steer to form the sumptuous banquet bled, i/^ 
Whose stately growth five flowery summers fed : 
His sons divide, and roast with artful care 
The limbs ; then all the tasteful viands share. 
Nor ceas'd discourse, (the banquet of the soul) 
Till Phoebus wheeling to the western goal 4Qi 

Resigned tlie skies, and night involved the pole. 
Their drooping eyes tlie slumberous shade opprest^ 
Sated they rose, and all retir'd to rest. 

Soon as the morn, new-rob'd iu purple light, 
Pierc'd with her golden shafts the rear of night, 500 
Ulysses, and his brave maternal race 
The young Autolyci, assay the chace. 
Parnassus^ thick perplex'd with horrid shades, 
Witli deep-mouth'd hounds, ih* huuter-troop invadesf 
TVhat time the sun, from ocean's peaceful stream. 
Darts o'er the lawn his horizontal beam. SC6 

T)ie pack impatient snuff the tainted gale ; 
^e tiiorny wilds the woodmen fierce assail : 
And, tort most of the train, his cornel spear 
Ulysses wav'd, to rouse t^Le savage war. JIO 

Pci p in the rough recesses of tlie wood, 
A lofty copse, the growtli c f ages, stood ; 
)iSor ^»iiit('i*s boreal blast, nor tiiunderons shower, 
Kor solar ray, could pierce the shady bower. 
With witlicr d foJiaRC strew'd, a lieapy store ! . 51f 
The warrp pavilion of a dreadful boar. 
Huus'd by the hounds* and huuters* mingling cfiei. 
The savage from his leafy shelter fliea: 
9 Autolycas. 



<Mth fiery gl«refii*««tgiitaie ey^btlfa Mime, 

And bfSstles M^ inpal« hit honM «hiiie. MO 

Poising iiU nfted lasoe in act to throw; 

The savage renders vain the #o«nd dvcreed, 

abid springs idipetwoas with opfooent vpeedl 

His tusks oMiqae be aio/d, the luMeto gore-; AK 

Aslefie they ghmcM, the aineiry fibres tam, 

And bai'd the bone: tJlysMs ttadismayM, 

Soon iirMi fedoiibMd force Che weuod repayM ; 

Tr» the right 8boald«r<Jt)iii( the spear tpply*d : 

His further flaiik with etreaning ^ urpl* dy'd : 5Sl» 

On earth h« rushed with agentolog paitt ; 

With joy ao^ vastvwrpriie, th' applMidiag train 

View'd his eBt>nno«is btilk «kMaded en «he plaila« ^ 

^mth baridage firm Vly«Ms'>hhM tivey bonad ; 

.Thoti, ehotttiQg' myetk lays, Hie olosiog wotrad Stb 

Of saured toeloil^ eovfbss'd the force; 

The' tides- -of tffe fegain'd their ^kufeeowse. 

Then haek they ted 1^ youth with lend' ncelsAoi; 

lA«tolyc«9, en)Bime«r*d with his fame, 

Confinn'd thfe cure : aadfirotti the^DelfMc fleio ^MN) 

With (Aided gifts ^turn'd him gloivetis ht>too. 

He safe «lt Ithaca iritti joy Yeceiv'd, 

Relates the cfcace, and early pfsdse aehteyd. 

Deep o'^rhis kneeinseamVI, re&i«^ti*dthe Mir: 
"Which noted token of the woodland war 544 

When Bufydea found, th' aUutioa eeas'dt 
Down di^pp^d the teg, from her slack i^aud seleaa'd*; 
The mingled fluids frotn the vase ledowsd ; 
The vase rec^in'ing floats the fioor«ro«iaMl! 
Smiles d^w'd With tears the pieasing strife mtpre* 
Of grief and joy, aflteraate in hfer hraast. 6Sl 

Her fhittering words in eseltiog murfaurs difed ; 
' At-lengti) abrupt— My son! — ray king !~sUe cried. 
His neck with fond embrace infoMiti^ fast, ■ 
Full on the queen her rtii>tui'd eyeelie c«M, -665 
Ardent to speak the monaT<!h saf^ restored : 
But studious to conceal "her royal 4oi(^d, 
Minerva fix'd hermstid en views rettiota. 
And from the present bliss abstracts her thought. 



M THE ODTaSET. BOOK "WtiL- 

Hit hand to Eiirycle»*a mooft afiply*4;- 9S0 

Art thoa fotedo^mVl- mj pest? the hero eiyM: 
Thy milky founts my inCsnt lips have draia'd 5- 
And have the Fates Ihy babbling age ordMn'd 
To yiolate the life thy youth snstoia'd ? 
An exile luwe I told, with weeping eyes, jRjS 

Villi twenty annual suns in distant skies't 
At leng^ retttm*d, some god inspires thy breast 
To know thy king, and here I stand eonfest. 
This hesven-diseover'd trotii to thee cons^*d. 
Reserve the treasure of thy inmost mind : ItfO 

£lse, if the gods my vengeful arm sustain. 
And prostrate to my sword the suitor^raiof 
With their lewd mates, thy nndistingntsfa'd. age 
Shall bleed a victim to vindictive rage. 

Then dios rejoined the dame, devoid of ftar : 9f$' 
What words, my son, have pass'd thy lipe severe? 
Deep in my soul the trust shall lodge secui'd; 
With ribs of steel, and marble heart, immured. 
Wlien Heaveov auspicions to thy right avow'd. 
Shall prostrate to thy sword the suitor-crowd ; dW 
The deeds Til blason of the menial fair; 
The lewd to death devote, ttie virtuous spars. 

Thy sId avails me not, the chief replyM ; 
My own experience shall their doom decide; 
A wituess-judge precludes a long appeal : 585 

Suffice it thee tiiy monarch to conceal. 

He said : obsequious, with redoubled pace^ 
She to the fount conveys th' exhausted vase : 
The bath ivnewM, she ends the pleasing toU 
With plenteous unction of ambrosial oil. 409 

Adjusting to his limbs the Utter*d vest, 
JHis former seat received the stranger-guMt; 
Whom thus widi pensive air the queen addrest. 

Though night, dissolving gtief in grateful ease. 
Tour drooping eyes with soft oppression seise: 599- 
iiwhile, reluctant to her pleasing force. 
Suspend the restful hour with sweet dlKonrse. 
The day (ne'er brighten*d with a beam of joy !) 
My menials, and domestic cane employ : 



BSQX JOaC* TBfe ODTSSIKY. 811^ 

Aihd, aiwtteiKUd by inncere repose, 60t 

Hie' night assists my ever-vakefnl woes: 

WhcQ nature^s hush'd beneeth her broodiag shade, 

Mj echoing griefs the starry vaolt invade. 

As when the months are clad in flowery green, 

^d Philomel, in bowery shades unsemi, 000 

T».< vernal airs attunes her varied strains ; 

And Itylus xonnds warbling o*er the plains: 

Toung Itylas, his parent's darling joy i 

Whom chance misled the mother to destroy ; 0C9 

Hc^w doomM a wakefol bird to vail the beattteom 

boy. 
So in nocturaal solitude rorlom, 
A sad variety of woes I mourn ! 
My mind, reflective, in a thorny mase 
Devious from care to care incessant strays. 
Now, wavering doubt succeeds to long despair ; 5l5 
.Shall I my virgin-nnptiaMove revere ; 
And, joining to my son's my menial train, 
'Partake his councils, and assist his reign ? 
Or, since, mature in manhood, he deplores 
Ifia dome dishononr'd, and exhausted stores ; 630 
Shdil I, reluctant t to his will accord ;. 
And from the peers select the noblest lord ; 
So by my choice avow'd, at length decide 
These wasteful love-debates, a mourning bride ? 
A visLonary thought I'll now relate. &»$ 

lUusU^te^ if you know, the shadow'd fate. 

A team of twenty geese (a snow-white train 1) 
Ved near the limpid lake with golden grain, 
Amu9e my pensive hours. The bird ef Jove 06^ 
Rerce from his mountain-eyrie downward drove ; 
Each favourite fowl he pounc'd with deathfnl tway. 
And back triuiophant wu^'d his airy way. 
My pitying eyes effns'd a plenteous sOeam, 
Xo view their death thusimag'd in a dream r 
With tender sympathy to sootiie my soul, 6S9 

A troop of matrons, fsncy-fbrm*d, condole. 
But^rfailst with grief and rage my bosom bnrB*d, 
Stdden tli« tyrMt of the skies returned : 



31»« i:i|S.&i»V9S«Y. BOOKSmOf 

P^rda'd on the battlem«ati» b4» thuD ><igM» 

(In form an eaf^ ba^ in vowa- a laaa) : 6iO' 

qiaMa! iM) vulvar visioa oi the akj 
^come, prophetic of appr««<chuig toy : 
View io febi«- pi any Sorta thiy victor«loi!4 ; 
Tba geese (a g,luUo» race) by ttiee deplor*)!!^ 
Portend the suitors fateU to nj sw«ni>. €tf 
This said, -the pleasing £iatJ»sr'cl oiaen eeaVd. 
Vltea, from thp downy bands of sleep raieM*d» 
FssC by the Unpid lake my swwi-Uke b'aia 

1 li»iWMk. insatiate of the golden grain. 
The^isioa self-ex platn'd (the chief replies) 650 

Sincere reveals the sauccioa of the skies: 
Ulysses spedks his own return decfoed ; 
And by his sword the suitors sure to bleedi. 

Hard is the-task* and rare, the queen r«}oin'd» 
Impending destinies in dreauss t» fisfd : €tA 

Immur'd within Uie silent bower ot' sljeep. 
Two portals firm the variaus phantovks keey : 
Of ivory ooe; wiieace Ait, to mock thebraim» 
Of winged Uea a light fantastic train: 
The gate o^pes'd pellucid valves adorn, Ml 

And colamos fair iticas'd with polish'd hoitt: 
Where images of trnth for passage wait. 
With visions manifest of rucore fate. 
Not to this troop, 1 fear, that phantom sonr'<t^ 
Wbteh spoke Ulysses to his realm restor'd: 66ft 
Delusive semblance! -—but my remoaoC life 
Heaven sball determine in a gamefal stiife: 
With that £sm'd bow Ulysses taught to beni^ 
Vorxnc the iiv«^ anchers shail contend 
As on the luted field he use'd to place 6|9 

Sia <jeam», oppos'd to sl« in equal space : 
Elanc'd afar, by hi* unerri^ig ert. 
Sure throDf b fli« eirolots Aew the whining dait. 
So, whevthe sub restores the pwple day, 
lUfelr strengtfa and skill tite suitors shall Miany: W 
To him tha spousal honovr is decreed. 
Who through the riugs direeu the feathor'd reed. 
Torn from these woUe (where long tho kindwr poirort 
With pomp and Joy have wing'd my yoatbfol hours I) 



BOOK XIX. THE ODYSSEY. Slf 

Oa this poor breast no dawn of bliss shall beam; 
Hie pleasure past supplies a copious theme 6BI 
For many a dreary thought, and many a doleful 
dream! 

Propose the sportive lot, the chief replies. 
Nor dread to name yourself the bowyer's prise : 
Ulysses will sijrprisf th ^nfinishM game 685 

AvowM, and fii^ify tJ>e sttit<ys' claim. 

To whom witli'grace serene, the queen reioin'd : 
In all thy speech what pleasing force I find ! 
O'er my suspended woe, thy words prevail, 
I part reluctant from the pl^aslug tale. 6Q0^' 

But Heaven, that knows what all terrestrials need. 
Repose to night, and toil to day decreed ; 
Oratefol vieiasitttde ! yet me withdrawn, 
Wakefa^to weep and watch the tardy dawn 
Established use enjoins ; to rest arid joy 6Q5r 

Estrang'd, since dear iJlysses sail'd to Troy 1 
Meantime instructed is the menial tribe 
Tour coach to fashion as yourself prescribe. 

Thus affable, her t>ower the queen ascends ; 
laie sovereiga »tep a beauteous train attends; 7pO 
^ere Ims^'d to her soul (Jlysses ro^ ; 
Down her pale cheek aew-streamiag sorrow flow^ : 
Till aoift oblivions shade Minerva spread, 
4]id o'er her fyes ambrosial slumber sh^d. 



m» 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XX. 



A&GUBfENT. 

WhU« inysaes lies ia the v«stibale of the pdaot, b* 
U witaess to the discMnder* of thewooMa. MiBenrB 
comforts him and casts him asleep. At his vak»' 
ing he desires a favoar^le sign troes Jafdter^ 
-which ts granted. The feast of Apollo is eele* 
hrated hy the people, and the suitors banqvet hi 
the palace. Teiemachos exerts his aothority 
amongst them, notwithstanding which, 171 jsscs is 
insulted hj Ctesippos, and the rest contiBve in 
their excesses. Strange prodigies are seen bj 
Theoclymenus the aagar» who explains them to 
the destruction of the wooers. 



i su j 



AK '«mti1« Mde ^vtoe VI f tarn •pread, 
And fomM 6( fleecy «lrliw Mi tiiiaibl^'bed 
(The rtmiMMits of tbe spoil the s«hor<«ro«<d 
In festival devoured, Md vieflns ^vw'd). 
Then o'or the chief, Euryaomi the chaste $ 

With duteous care a dotrnj carpet oast: 
With dire r e v e ng e his thoughtflii bosom ghMvs» 
And, ruminating ^wratfa, he sceras repose. 

As thos pav4!ion*d in tbe perch he lay, 
^enes of lewd loves his wakeAil eyes siiiTey> ig 
^liilst-to u octer Ba i joys impure, repidr, 
"With -wanton glee, the prostituted (mir. 
His heart with rage iMs new dishobour stung. 
Wavering hts -thoughts in duMens balance hung ; 
Or instant should he <)ttem:h the guilty flame 15 
^ith their own blood, and intercept the shame ; 
Or to their lust indulge a last embraoe, 
And -let the peers-consmanate the disgrace ; 
Round his swoln heart the murmurous fury roUe; 
As o*er her young the mother>Aa8tiff groids, 90 
Andtntysthe stranger-grooa t so wrath eompcest 
Secoiling, mutter'd thunder in his breast. 
PoorenflRftrlng heart! he cry^d, support the pain 
Of wounded honour) and thy rage restrain* 
)7ot fiercer woes thy fortitude could fhii, i5 

When the brave partners of thy ten years' toil 
Dare Folypheme devoured : I then was freed 
By patient prudence from the death decreed. 

Thus anchored safe on reason^ peaceful coast; 
Tempests of wrath his soul no longer tost ; SO 

'Restless his body rolls, to rage resign'd : 
As one who long wi^h p-.{1e-ey'd famiue ptuM, 
The savoury cates on glowing erabeirs cast 
Incessant turns, impatient for repast : 
Ulysses so, from side to side devolf'd, 19 

Itt seif-debste tbe sniten* doom resolV'd. 

o« 



«t THB ODYSSEY. BOOK XX* 

"VHrnit ^ the form of norUl nymph amj'il, 

Yhun he«v«a dasceadt the Jove-bora ■Mtrtiel mmk^i 

And hoyering o*er bU head in Tiew coafeee'd* 

The goddess thas her Invonrite care addiese'd : 40 

Oh Aoa, of norUls most innr'd to woes i 
' Vfhj roll those eyes unfriended of repose ? 
Beneath thy palace roof forget thy care ; 
Blest in thy queen! blest in diy blooming heir I 
"Whom, to the geda when sappliant fathers hof^^ 4t 
Ihey name the standard of their dearest vow* , 

Jest is thy kind reproach (the chief r^oia*d)». 
Deeds full of htm distract my varioos ndad». 
In contemplation wrapt. This hostile crew 
"Wliat siqgle arm hath prowess to subdito i M 

Or if, by Jove*s and thy auxili^ aid» 
They're doom'd to bleed ; O say, celestial maid I 
Where shall Ulysses shun, or how sustain, 
Stations embattled to revenge the slain i 

Oh impotence of £u|h 1 Minerva, cries, ^ 

If man on £raU unknowing man relies. 
Doubt you the gods ? Lo Pallas* self descends. 
Inspires thy counsels, and thy toils nttenda. 
In me affianc'd« fortify thy breast* 
Though myriads leagu*dthy rightful claim eoutasi: 
My sure divini^ shall bear Uie shield, 6l 

And edge thy sword to reap the glcuious field. 
Kow, pay the debt to craving nature due^ 
Her fiuled powers with balmy rest renew. 
She cees*d, ambrosial slumbers seal his eyea f 6$ 
His care dissolves in visionary joys : 
The goddess, pleased, regains her natal sUes» 

Not so tiae queen : the downy banda of aleep 
By grief relax'd, she wak*d again to weep: 
A gloomy pause ensu'd of dumb despair; %9 

Then thus her fate invok*d wUh fervent prayer. 

Diana 1 speed thy deathful ebon dart. 
And cure the pangs of this convulsive heart* 
Snatch me, ye whirlwinds ! fer from human race, 
Tosi; Ulro^gh the void illimitable space: 1j^ 

C^ if, dismounted from the rapid cloud. 
Me with his whelming wave let Oceaa aiotMid; 



BOOK XZ. THE ODYSSEY, )jlt 

So, l^andams, thf hopes, three orphaD-&ir, 
Were deomM to vender through the devious eir; 

Thjaelf antimely. end thjr consort dy'd, 80 

But four cdestials both jrour carea supply^.' 

Venue in tender delicacy rears 

With hooey, milk, and wine, their infant yean; 

Imperial Juno to their youth assiga*d 

A foAik majestic, and sagacious mind : %§ 

Widi ihapely growth Diana grac*d their bloom; 

And P^lfoa taught the texture of the loom. 

But whilst, to learn their lots in nuptial loVe, 

Bright Cytherea sought the bower of Jove 

(The god supreme, to whose eternal eyn 90 

The registers of fiite expanded. lie); 

Wing'd Harpies snatch th* unguarded charge away« 

And to the Furies bore a grateful prey. 

Be such my lott Or tiiou, Diana, speed 

Thy abaft, and send me joyful to the dead; 98 

To seek my ford among the warrior-train, 

Bre second vows my bridal faith profane. 

When woes the waking sipnse alone assail; 

Whilst night extends her soft oblivious veil, 

Of otlier wratcbes care the torture ends : 100 

Vo truce the warfsre of my heart suspend! ! 

The night renews the day distracting theme. 

And airy terrors sable every dream. 

The last alone a kind illusion wrought. 

And to my bed my lov*d Ulysses brought, 105 

In manjy bloom, and each majestic grace* 

As when for Troy he left my fond embrace; 

Such n^itures in my beating bosom rise', 

I deem it sure a vision of the skies. 

Thus, whilst Aurora mounts her purple throne. 
In audible lamenta she breathes her moan; lit * 

The sounds assault Ulysses' wakeful ear: 
Miajndging of the cause, a sudden fear 
Of his arrival known, the chief alarms ; 
He thinks the queen is rushing to his anna. IIA 
Upspringing firom his conch, with active haste 
The Aeece and carpet in the dome he plac'd-^ 



^' TttB OBH^EY. book XX 

fn»e hide, without, tmbiVd the morid^Dg air) ; 
And thus the gods invoked i^rith ardent prajer. 

"^ Jove, and etherial thrones? with Heaven to fnead' 
If the long series of my woes shall end; tSX 

Of human race now rising from repose, 
1>t one a blissfii) omen here disclose; 
A^, to confirm mjr faith, propitious Jove ! 
Vouchsafe the sanction of a sign above. VUf 

Whilst lowly thus the chief adoring bows, 
^e pitying god his guardian aid avows. 
Xroud from a sapphire sky his thunder sounds^ 
If ith springing hope the hero's heart rebounds. 
Soon, with consummate joy to crown his prayer^ 1S6 
An omen'd voice invades his ravishM ear. 
fieneath a pile that close the dome adjoined', 
Twelve female slaves the gift of Ceres grind ; 
Task'd for the royal board to bott the bran 
i^rom the pure flour (the growth and strength of.maa). 
Discharging to the day the labour due, ISS 

ITow early to repose tlie rest withdrew; 
One maid, uaeq.ual to the task assigned. 
Stall turn*d the toilsome mill with anxious mind; 
And thus in litierness of soul divtoM. J40 

Father of gods and. men, whose thunders rolf 
0*er the cerulean vault, and shake the pole : 
Who^er from Heaven has gained this rare ostenC 
(Qf granted vows a certsun signal sent) 
In this blest moment of accepted prayer, Ifif 

^teous, regard a wretch consumM with care ! 
Instant, O Jove! confound tlie suitor-traiti, 
for whom o'ertoird, I grind the golden grain: 
jKr from this dome the lewd devourers cast. 
And be this festival decreed tlieir last f Ija 

Big with tbeir doom denounced in eart^ and sly,, 
TTlysses* heart dilates with secret joy. 
lieantime the menial train with unctuous wood* 
13eap*d high the genial hearth, Tulcanian food : 
IKlien, early dressed, advanc'd the royal heir: tS& 
With manly grasp he wavM a martial spear, 
A radiant sabre graced his purple aone, 
. Aod M bis foot tfa« golden taodal f boat. 



riU steps ittpetvotis to Ha portki pfMt'd ; 

And Bwryclea thas be titers addressV. fdOr 

Smy tiRHh to 'Whom uj- yovtfi itv irartoro onrM, 
W^u care for dne inevtion snd rapoto 
Bestow'd Ontrstraager-gttest^ Or waits hogitet'd, 
R!s age not htonovr'd, nor his wants reliev''d f 
Prondsenous grace on all the queen confen t&B 
(In woes bewtlderM, oft the wisest errs). 
Ttn wordy ragrant to tiie dole aspires. 
And modest wtrtii with noMe scorn retires. 

SBio thus : O cease that ever-honoifr'd naiM 
To blemish iM>w : it IH deserves your Uame ; 170 
A bow) of genenras wine svflSc*d tiie gnest; 
In vain the qaeen tfaeiiight>refectix)lir prestr 
Kor WDutd he court repose in downy state, 
Unbless'd, sbandonM to the rage of Pate ! 
A hide beneath the portico was spread, iftf 

And IHStts skins compos'd an humble bed: 
A downy carpet cast with duteous care. 
Secured him ^om the keen oocturna! air. 

His cornel javelin poised, with regal port, 
To the sage Greeks conven*d hi Themis* conrt, iBtf 
7orth*is8uing from the dome the prince repafar'd ; 
Two dogs of chace, a lioiwhearted j^nard, 
Behind him sonrly stalkM. Without delay 
The dame divides tiie labour of the day ; 
Thus urging to the toll the menial train. rtl 

What marks of luxury the marble stun ! 
Its woDted lustre let the floor regain ; 
The seats with purple clothe in order due; 
And let th* abstersive sponge the board rentwf 
Let some refresh the vase's sulHed mold t 190 

tmn^ bid the goblets boast their native gold: 
Some to the spring, with each a jsr, repair. 
And copious Waters pure for bathing b«tf : 
BiApatch ! for soon the suitors wilt assay 
The tanar feast^rites to the god of day. 19# 

She said ; with duteous haste a bevy hit 
Of twenty virgins to the spring repair : 
With varied toils the rest adorn the dome. 
Magnificent and tUthe, the suitors com*. 



^t8 TBB ODTS8KT. BOOK IQU 

Soae wi«id the soandiag ax; the doddec'd oak» J^XI 

I>iTide, obedieat^to the forceful strokes* 

Sooa fron the fovot, vitb esch a brimaiiog am 

(Rumssas in her train)* the maids return. 

Three porkers for the feast, all brawnj-chioM, 

He brought ; the choicest of the tusky kind : SOS 

In iodfements first secure bis rare he view'd» 

Then to the king his friendlj speech reaew'd : 

Now say sincere, my guest 1 the suitor-train. , 

Stiil treat thj ^rorth wiih lordlj dull disdain: 

Or speaks their deed a bounteous mind humane? tlO' 

SMue pitjing god (Uljsses sad replj'd) 
With volUed vengeance blast their towering pride 1 
Ko conscious blush, no sense of right, restrains 
The tides of lust that swell their boiling veins : 
From vice to vice their appetites are tost, US 

All chesply sated at another's cost ! 

WUle thus the chief his woes indignant toUU 
Melantfatns, master of Uie bearded fold. 
The goodliest goaU of all the royal herd 
^Mntaneous to the suitors* feast preferrM t flSi 
7Vo grooms essistaat bore the victims bound ; 
With quavering cries the vaulted roofs resound : 
And to the chief austere aloud b^an 
The' wretch unfriendly to the race of ssan. 

Here, vi^ant, still ?, offensive to my lords I 285 
Blows have more energy thaa airy words ; 
These arguments Til use: nor conscious shame, 
Kor threats, thy bold intrusion will reclaim. 
On this high ieast the meanest vulgar boast 
A plenteous board I hence! seek another hoet I £30 

fiejoinder to the churl the king disdain'd. 
But shook bis head, and rising wrath restraint. 

From Cephaienia cross the suigy main 
IliilsBtitts late arrived, a faithful swain. 
A steer ungrateful to the bull's embrace, €SS 

And goats he brought, the pride of all their noe; 
Imported in a shallop not bis own : 
The doese re-echoed to their mingled moan. 
Straight to the guardian of the bristly kind 
He tikuafbegan, benevolent of mind. eiO 



"What gmst is he, of such najMtlc sir? 
His lineafe and p&termil clime declare : 
1Mb tlmragh th* eclipse of fmte, the rays divine 
Of sorereign ttete with faded splendor shine. 
If nKHUurchs by the gods are plung'd in woe^ S4i 
To what abyss are we foredoomed to go I 
Then alhble he thus the chief address'd, 
WhUst with pathetic warmth his hand he press'd* 

Stranger, may fate a milder aspect shew. 
And spin tiiy future with a whiter cine t S50 

tf ^ove ! fbr ever deaf to human cries ; 
The tyrant, not the fatiier of the skies ( 
Unptteous of the race thy will began f 
The fool of fate, thy manufacture, man, 
With penury, contempt, repulse, and care, tfKi 

Ttoe galling load of lift is doomed to bear. 
Ulysses from his state a wanderer still, 
Vfbr^Ua thy power, thy wisdom, or thy wUit 
O monarch ever dear ! — O man of woe ! — 
Fresh flow my tears, and shall fbr ever flow t tdO' 
T&t thee, poor strangeri^uest, deny'd his home V 
like thee, in rags obscene decreed to roam V 
Or, haply perish'd on some distant com^ 
In Stygian gloom lie glides, a pensivo ghost t 
0« grateful for the good his bounty gave, f60 

lit grieve, till sorrow sink me to the grave ! 
Bis kind protecting hand lAy youth pnttn*d. 
The r^^nt of his C^phalenhio herd : 
With vast increase beneath my care it spreads : 
A stately breed i Md blackens far the meads. C70 
Constrain'a, the choicest beeves I thence import. 
To cram these eovmorants that croird his court: 
Who in partition seek his realm to share ; 
STor human right, nor wrath divine revere; 
Since here resolv'd oppressive these reside, 9(S 
Contending doubts my anztous heart di^de t 
Kow to some foreign clime inclin'dto fly. 
And with the royal herd protection buy : 
llien, happier thoughts return the nodding teale. 
Light mounts despair, alternate hopes previdi; W^ 



3IS XBB ppYtfSY. BOOK ^KX. 

Id opening j>so«pect« of ideal joj, 

My king returns; the proud usurpers die. 

To wbov the chief: In ihy capacious mind 
Since daring seal yfith eool deliate is join'd ; 
Attend a 4eed already ripe io fate; ^85 

Attest, oh Jove ! t^e tru^ I now relate! 
This sacred troth aA.te«t, each genial power. 
Who bless the J>oard» «nd guard this friendly bover 1 
Before thou quit the dome (nor long delay) 
Tby wish produc'd in ac(, with pleaa'd sorvey^ SSO 
Thy wondering eyes shall view : his rightful |«igA 
By arms avowed Ulyases shall r^gain^ 
And to the sluades devote the suitor-train. 

O Jove supreme ! the raptur'd swain replies. 
With deeds coosupimate soon the promis'd Joys I SQS 
These aged nerves, with new4)orn vigoar strung. 
In that blest c^use should emulate the young — 
Assents £uin»us to the prayer addrest ; 
And equal ar4ouFS fire his loyal breast. 

^AeantUne the suitors urge the prince's fate, MO 
And daathfui .arts employ the dire debate : 
When in his airy lour, the bird of Jove 
Truss'd with bis sinewy pounce a trembling dove; 
Sinister, to their hope ! This omen ey*d 
Awphinomus, who lUua presaging cryM. SQ| 

The geds from force and fraud tlie prince defend; 
O peers 1 the sani^uiaaryacheme suspend : 
Your future thought let sable fat« employ ; 
And .give the vr^sent hour to genial joy. 

from council straight Ur ass^ntiug^piesilge c^^^fiif 
And in tlie dome ptepar'd the genial fea^fe. ,f 3^4. 
Disrob'd, their v«sts apart in ordei lay* m. i.ku'ift A 
Then hU with S|)eed succinct the victMB|Sk.^y,( ,^ i«^ 
With sheep and shaggy goats the porkers ble^f -4 1 ..A 
And the ptroud steer was on the marh^e »pTca4, 3^ 
WiUi fire prepar'd, they deal the morsels rcMO^t ^ 
Wine rosy -bright Uie brimming goblets crown d, . \ 
By sage Eumsus borue ; Uie purple lido 
MeUnthiiia fiom an simple jar supply'd : * 

High canisters of bread rhiletius pUc'd; iH/i 

And eager all devMU the rich repnst. 



aooK^eac itt^oMBssn, 



apart, mynesshttM tlie tntt; 
A crivet Ubie, aod tgnobler seat, 
Aa prince appoints ; but to Us sife-aadgn 
Hm tasteful iawarda, aa^ nectsreows wines. SSI 
flutake, my guest, ht trfd, without controul 
Ibe social least, and drain tiie dieering bowl : 
Dread not the lailer's laugh, nor ruffian's rage ; 
He vulgar roof protects thy hoaouf*d age ; 
Ibis dome a refuge to thy wrongs shall be, 390 

Wmax vy great sire too soon derolT'd to nel 
Tour violence and scorn, ye suitors, cease, 
Jisst arms avenge the violated peace. 

Aw*d by the prince, so haughty, brave, and yoiuif » 
Sag e^naw'd the Hp, amaaement chained the tongue. 
Be patient, peers ! at length Antf nous cries ; SSO 
The threats of vain hnperioos youth despise : 
Would Jove permit the meditated blow, 
That stream of eloquence should cease to flew. 

Without reply vouchsaTd, Antlnoiis ceasM $ 849 
Heunwhile the pomp of festiral increasM : 
By heralds rank*d, in marshallM order move 
The city tribes,. to pleas*d Apollo's grove: 
Beneath the verdure tuf which awful shade. 
The lunar hecatomb they gratefuV laid ; ti6 

Partook the sacred fsas^ and ritual honours paid. 
But the rich banquet, in the dome prepar'd 
(An humble sideboerd set) 91ysses sfaav'd. 
Observant of the prince's high behest, 
His mesial train attend the stFanger>guest : SM 
tPhsm PaUos wMh uopardoning fury Ar*d, 
Bif lordly yrttfe and keen reproach inspired. 
A flMltea #Mr, raove studious than the rest 
•I elen, vto^wmM with many a dead-bem jett; 
AbA «ir^ ^ t^t^ te *■ ooBMrt queen^ IW 

UmiuuMM -acres arable and green 
(Oraippws naa'd) ; «Ms lord Ulysses ey'4. 
Am! thus burst out th>-impai«hamate with |«Me, 

The sentence I propoeek ye peers, attend : 
aioce due regard must wait die priaoe'a Mend 300 
Let each a token of estnera be^v s 
XUs gift acquits the dear respect I owe ; 



With which iM^i^Ujf n<^j[ dM^» hjs^aeal;^ 
And |wj the menials fttr the masters treat. ' 

He sa^-: n4 of tb^ steer i^fore. him plac'd, 3^ 
Tflttit sinewy frag/nent at Uljrstes cast^ 
"Where to the pascer«.4»oia9» pj nerves coiabia*dy 
The weli-h^co'd foo^ indissoiublj join'4; 
Which Mfhiai^iig lygh the wall aDsc-emlj si^'d* 
The chief indignant grin^ a. ghastly snile ; 9^ 

]i|«\'enge aod scern withip Vs ho&om boil : 
IVben (^Hift tk^ prin^ with pioi^s ra£e inflamM: 
Had not ^' inglorious wound thjr malice aim'd 
IVill'n guiltless' of the vuirk, mj certain sp^ac. 
Bed «i«dfk thee buy tht hrot^ triuinph deas i 375 
lior should thy sire^ a queen bis daugh^ boWt; 
SkgB saitor, now, hiwl vajpish'd in a ghost t 
Ko mo^ je lewd compeers^ with lawless peve«' 
Invade my 4omes my her4& end flocks devour ; 
For gtonine worth* of age mature to koow» 9Bf^ 
My grape shall redder, ani^my harvest grow. 
Or, if each other's wroiags y still support. 
With rifiee and riot to profiuae my court; 
What single arm with numbers can contend I 
On me let eU your lifted s^o^s descend* 38$ 

MsA with my life svkcb vile disbonours end. 
■ A lAng^ ce»satipq of discourse ens^*d. 
By gentler 4gel«us thus reoew'd. 

A just reproof, ye pe«^l f oi)r rage restrain 
From the protected guest, ^d menial tri^n : 39f 
And, prince l to fttop the source of fjki(gre ^l^ 
Assent yoursolf, »nd gain ^ rqy«^ wi^l. ^ 

Whilst hope, prevaird to see yoi^ slr« X9H^'4^ 
Of right the queen refused a seoon<j^ J*)'<i«« « . 
But vho to mkn of faith, *» blind t^ faJ^ . ^ 

9s thinly he %titt Mnrtves to claim tite «tate 2 
Kow press the soeeseign deme with v*fin desire 
To wed, tftt wealth or W9p(^ her choice ^ispire: 
The 10*4 selected t«» the UHftia) jpys, 
Far hence wUl Iced the ioj^^wot e sted prise : M# 
IMllit in fatemei postp with pleutgr blei)ty 
Tea TCigD, of thit iBipMi*l dnwe posHs^. 



Sage and am mM/T^imamekM wyl iwt 
By him, at who** btkmt Mm tb«ad«r tie*, 
Jbid by tbm 9mnm<M cwrtit I auMl v«¥)w^ 409 

Sy gres» ITIyiSM and hi« won I $wMr I 
<Who never ani«tf««iew bit deu doMato ; 
XnralVd, pertiaps« to Plato.'* dreavy fer«iOk 
'Whene'er her «hei«« the ro^al daihe ai^mmM^ 
Iff bridal gilk» ahallrlaed the fatare tfOtMe: 4t« 
But from this dome- my pajmat qaeea to-chiam! 
From me, ye-gpods f »rert soch dModisgieo^ 

Bat Pallaa elwvdt -with teteUaduai glean. 
Tim s«r*tors* aevta. taMeoeate ef tiieiit doom ! 
A niif«hfol phi«fisy teia'cl tke feted oi'>wd» 410 
The rbof» rM9VMd xHt&i eniMlseia laagbttf lOMlk: 
FhratlBi; in gore» porteatoea to aertwy i 
In each di'cohmrM vM* the irUoda Infi 
Then down eaoh eNeek the tears afmntaafwiia 4ov, 
And >-udciea aigba precede appveachins woe. Mi 
In vision wrapt, the Hyperesiaa aeer^l 
ITproae, and thus divined the vengeanco near. 

O race, to death de^mte ! with Stygian ahade 
Cacb destinM p^er im^nding fetes iuvada : 4M 
^¥tth tears yovr -Nkran- distorted oheeks are drowa'df 
With sanguine drop^ the walls are rabie^ noond :. 
Thick swarms the spacious hatl wiibhowiuitfhMttf 
To people Orcns, and the baniiag confer t 
Nor glv«s the »nn h4» gohkn oriiAo roll* 
Bot universal night usurps the pole ! 434 

Tet warn'd in vain, with laughter loud elate 
The peers reproach the sure divine of Fate ; 
And thus Eurymachns : the dotard's mind 
To every sense is lost, to reason blind : 
Swift firom the dome conduct the slave away ; 4S§ 
I«et him in open idr behold the day. 

Tbx not (die Heaven-illamin*d Eeer rejoio'd) 
Of rage, or folly, my prophetic mind. 
Ko clouds of error dim th' etherial rays. 
Her equal power each faitlifnl sense obeys. 4M 
IJngnided hence my trembling steps I bend, 
Var hence, before yon bovering deaUu detcend ; 
• Theociynentts; 



tbe ripe harf«st of revwige b«t«A» 
i shave Hm ^4Mhb ye uiiton nunnot ahao. 

This said, to sags FfarsBas sped the seer, 4tf 

Bis honoured host, a weieoaie iunate there. 
0*er the piotraot»d Csast the soiters sit. 
And aim to veuad the {Mciiiee ^th pointtess mti 
Cries one, with sconf ai leer and aiiasic voices 
Iby charity we praise, but not tiiy choice ; 4$9 

Why svch pfofnsioa of indulgence shown 
Tt this poor,'iiaiorous, toil-detostinf drone? 
That others feed on planetary schemes. 
And pays bis host adth hideous noonniay dreeno* 
But, prince I fer.oooe at least brieve « fiiend. dfiS 
To aouM Sicilian uiart these courtiers tend, 
Vhere, if they yield tiieir freight acrosa the maiUp 
Pear sell the slaves I demand no greater gain. 

Thus Jovial they I but nought the prince replies ; 
'Full on Us aire lie roU'd his ardent eyea; |60 

Impatient straight to flesh his viigin^word ; 
From the wise chief he waits the deathful word. 
High in her bright alcove, the pensive queen 
av> see the Circlet sate, of all unseen. 
Sated at length Uiey rise, and bid pr^»are 46f 

An ev»>repast witii equal cost and care : 
Sut tuu goM Puiias, with preventing speed, 
A fisast piupwtiotfd to their crimes, decreed ; 
A fiMst of deuthyihe fisMCen d9om*d to bUwi! 






THE 



ODYSSEY. 



B002 2CXI. 



AROUMBin:'. 

The Bending qf Ulym^B Bmt. 

Praelope, to pat an end to the solicitation of the 
fuitorsy proposes to marry tlie person who shall 

. ' first bend the bow of Uiysies, and shoot through 
the ringlets. After their attempts have proved in- 
effectnaU Ulysses, taking Eumseus and Phllaetius 
apart, discovers himself to them ; then returning, 
desires leave to try his strength at the bow, which, 
though refused with indignation by the suitors, 
Penelope and Telemschas cause it to be delivered 
to his hands. He bends it immediately, and shootr 
tiiroagh all the rings. Jupiter at the same instant 
thunders from heaven ; Ulysses accepts the omen, 
and gives a ftign to Telemachns, who stands ready 
armed at his side. 



i«M 



I 3i4 1 



BOOK XXI. 

AND Pallas now» to raise th« rival fires» 
With her own art Penelope inspires : 
Who now can Vtxld Ui^sse^ ttov, »nd wing 
The well-UDi'd^rrbw thtfottgi^ t^ distal^t ring. 
Shall end the strife, and win th* imperial dame; 6 
But discord and black death await the game I 

The prudent queen the lofty siair ascends. 
At distance due, a virgin-tnda Attends; 
A brasen key she held, tiie handle tnrn'd. 
With steel and polish'd elephant adorn*d : 10 

Swift to the inmost room shel/enl her way. 
Where, safe repos'd, the royal treasures lay ; 
There shone high hep p'd <the Iwb^ur'd brass and ore. 
And there the bow which great Ulysses bore ; 
And there die quVrar, where ^ovgMdlttcss slept 15 
Those winged deaths that many a matron wept* 

This gift, long since when Spartd^s shores he trod, 
6n young Ulysses Iphitus l»eAtow*d : 
^eueath Orsilochus's roof they met; 
One loss wias priv&te, one a public debt^ SO 

Messepa's state From Ithaca detains 
Three hundred sheep, and all the shepherd swains; 
And to the youihiul prince to urge tlie laws. 
The king and eldtrs trust their common cause, 
^ut Iphitus em^^loy'd ,ob ^tlier cares, SS 

Search'd the wide country for bis wandering ouunet. 
And mules, the strongest of the ia|N>uruE4 kind^ 
Hapless- to search! mure ha|>Iass still to find! 
For journeying on to Hercules, at length 
That lawless wretcb, that man of brutal strength, 30 
Deaf to Heaven's voice, the social rite transgrest ; 
And for the beauteous mares descioy'd his gue^jt. 
He gave the bow; and'on Ulysses' part 
Ueceiv'd a pointed sword, and missile dart : 
Of luckless friendship on a foreign shore 35 

Their first, last pledges I for they met no more. 



The bow, beqne'athM hj tdiis initai^ MM, 

JJljaam tore not frdb'tiis DatHre land ; 

Nor in the front of battfe tku^bt to Wild, 

But kept in dear meotoi^al of his fK^d. VO 

Now gently windiUg op the iViir'^ceat, 
By many an'easy step ttie xnatfbn Weht; 
Then o'er the iTavements glides with'grkce diVitfe 
(With poliisi^d oak the teVel pavements sfaine) ; 
The folding gates a dazzfiog light display'd, 45 

With poiAp of varions architrave o'erl^ld. 
Ihe bolt/ob6dleBt to the silken string. 
Forsakes the Staple as sh^ pullt the ring ; 
The wards respondent to the' key turn round ; 
l%e bars fail hack ; the flyldg valres resonnd ; 56 
Loud as a Bull makes hill and valley rfaig, 
60 roared the lock when it released the spring. 
She moves majestic through the wealthy room. 
Where treasur'd garments cast a rich perfume; 
lliere from the column where aloft it hung, ' 59 
Reached, in it!« splendid case, the bow unstrung; 
Across ber knees she laid the well-known bow. 
And pensive sate, and tears began to floV. 
To full satiety of grief she mourns. 
Then silent to the joyous hHll returns, ^ 

To the proud suitors bears in penj-ive stale 
TV unbetdcd bow, ai;d arrows wing'd with fate.- 

Behind, her train flie poUsh'd coffer brings. 
Which Held th* alternate' brass and silver rings, ^ 
Full in the portal the chaste queen appears, 65 

And with her veil conceals the coming tears : 
On either side awaits a virgin fair ; 
While thus the matron, with majestic air. 

Say you, whom these forbidden walls inctoke, 
Vor whom my victims bleed, my vintage flows; 7^ 
If these neglected faded charms can move ? 
Or is it but a vain pretence, you love ? 
If I the prize, if me you seek to wife, 
Hear the conditions, and commence the shite. 
Who first Ulysses* wondrous bow shall bend, tf 
>)uad througli twelv* ringlets the fleet arrorw send. 



fir TBI ODTSSBT. • BOW XZf. 

Bim will I follow, and foiwk* mj honm. 
Jot him fonake this loVd, this WMlthj dooM, 
Long, long J^bm loene of all 015 past delight. 
And stUl to last tha Yision of my night I 80 

Oncefol she said, and bade BttmsBbs show 
Hm rival pa^rs the ringlets and the bow. 
Vrom his fall ejes the tears unbidding spring* 
Tottch'd at the dear memorials of his king. 
PhUsBtius too relents, but secret shed BS 

The tender drops., Antinoiis saw, and said. 

Hence to your fields, je rustics ! hence away, 
Kor stain with grief the pleasures of the day: 
Kor to the royal heart recal in vain 
The sad remembrance of a p^rish'd ntapk 99 

Bnottgh her precious tears already flow— 
Or share the feast with due respect, or go 
To weep abroad, and leave to us the bow : 
Ko vulgar task ! Ill suits this courtly crew. 
That stubborn horn which brave Uljsses drew. 9^ 
I well remember (for I gas'd him o*er 
While yet ar child,) what majesty he bore ! 
And still (all infant as 1 was) retaio 
The port, the strength, the grandeur ot the nuA. 

He sud, but in his soul fond joys arise, 100 

And his proud hopes already win the priae. 
To speed the flying shaft through every ring, 
Wretch I is not thine! the arrows of the king 
Shall end those hopes, and f«te is on the wing I 

T^n thus Telemachns : Some god I' find 1<A 

With pleasing phrensy has possessed my mind ; 
When a lov'd mother threatens to depart. 
Why with this ill-timM gladness leaps my heart? 
Come then, ye suitors ! and dispute a priae 
Bicher than all th* Achaian state supplies, 110 

Than all proud Argos, or Mycasna knows. 
Than all our isles or continents inclose : 
A woman matchless, and almost dirine, 
¥it for the praise of every tongue but mine. 
Vo more excuses then, no more ddlay ; 115 

Haste to the trial I— Lo I I lead the way. 



BOOK XXI. " THE (AhrSSEY. S39 

I top may try, aad if this arm can wing 

The feathered arrow throogh the desdn'd ring. 

Then if no happier knight the conquest boast, 

I ahall not sorrow for a mother lost;' 120 

Bat, blest in her, possess these arms alone, 

Heir of our fisther's strength, as well as throne. 

He spoke, then, rising his broad sword unbound. 
And cast Us purple garment on the giound. 
A trench he open'd ; in a line he placed 12^ 

The level axes, and the points made fust 
(His perfect skill the wondering gasers ey*d. 
The gam6 as yet undeeD, as yet untrjM). 
Then, with a manly pace, he took his stand ; 
Alsd gra^pH the bow. and IwangM it in his hand. 130 
Three times, with beating heart, he made essay; 
Three times, unequal to the task, gave way : 
A modest boldness on his cheek appeared : 
And thrice he bop'd, and thrice again he fearM. 
The fourth had drawn it. The great sire with joy 
Beheld, but wiCh a sign forbade the boy. i:f6 

^ His ardour straighf th' obedient prince supprest. 
And, artful» tlttls the suitor-train addresr. , 

Oh lay the cause on youth yet immature ! 
(For Heaven forbid, such weakness should endure !) 
How shall this arm, unequal to the bow, 141 

B«tort au insult, or repel a foe ? 
But you ! wM>m Heaven with better nerves has blest. 
Accept the trial, and the prize contest. 

I|e cast the bow before him, and apart ' 115 
Against the poHshM quiver propt th% dart. 
Resuming then las seat, Epitheus* son 
The bold Andnoiis to the re>t begun. 
" From where the goblet first begins to flow, 
** From right to left in oider lake the bow ; IJKt 

** And prove your several strengths," — The princes 

heard. 
And first Leiodes, blameless priest, appeared : 
The eldest born of CEnops^ noble race, 
VfhQ next tbe goblet held his holy place; 

V 



S38 THE &inrssi£lr. ' B90k;xxp.^ 

He, only he, of all the siutar.Uirai«, < 155 

Their deeds detested, ainl ai^jar'd the wrong. ' ' 

With tender hands the stubborn horn lie stcaias. 

The stubborn horn resisted all his paiivi ! 

Already in despair he gives it o'er: 

Take it who will, he cries, I strive no aiore. 2ft> 

What numerous d.aths attend tliis fatal borv I 

What soitl^ and spirits shall it send below ! 

Setter, indeed, to die, and fairly give^ 

Ifature her debt, than disappointed iiv«, 

Witli each new stiu to sone new hope a prey, liSS 

Yet stttl to-morrow falser than to«day. 

How long in vain Penelope we sought ! 

.iTiis bow shall ease us of that idle thought^ 

And send us with some humbler wife to live, 

AVliom gold shall gain, or destiny shall give. 17# 

Thus speaking, on the floor the bow he placed 
(With rich inlay the various fioor was graced); 
At distance far the featherM shaft he throws. 
And to the seat returns from whence be rose. 

To him Anthnoiis thus with fury said : 175 

Wliat words ili-omenM from thy lips have fied ! 
Thy c^ward'funclion ever is in fear ; , 
Those arms are dread/ul which thou canst not bear. 
Why should this bow be fatal to the brave ? 
Because the priest is bom a peaceful slave. tso 

IRlark then what others can^He ended thete. 
And biide Mclanthius a vast pile prepare; 
He g*ves it instant flame, then fast beside 
8prea<4's o'er an umple board a bullock's hide. 
With melted lard tliej soak the weapon o'er, 185 
Chafe every knot, and supple every pore. 
Vain all their art, and all their strength as vaiaj 
The bow inflexible resists their pain. 
The force of great Euijmachus alone 
And bold Antinous, yet unlry'd, unknown: igo 

Those only now remain'd; but those confest 
0/ all the. tr.iin the miglidest and the best. ' 

Then from the hall, and from the noisy crow. 
The masters of the herd aad flock withdrew* 



'^OOK %XU THE dSHnSKT. Mf . 

The kiof observes them, he the hell fonakes» 19S 
And, past the limits of the court* o'erteles. 
Then thus with <<cceDt nii'd Uljsses spoke: 
iTe fstttifui guardians of the herd and flock > 
Shall I the secret of my breast couceal, > 

6r (as my sonl now dictates) shall I tell i 000 

Say, should some favouring god restore ^gain 
Tlie lost Ulys^ea to his native reign, 
How beat your hearts ? what aid would you ttSevd F 
To the proud suitors, or your ancient loud f 

Piiilaetins thus. O ij^effe thy word not vain! 9U5 
Would mighty Jove restore that man a^^n! 
^These aged sinews with new vigour Strang 
In his blest cause should emulate the young. 
Witli eqnal vows Einieus too iraplor'd 
Eac h power above, wkli wishes for his 16rd. SIO 

He saw theii secret souls, and thns began, 
T^ose vows the gods accord, behold the man 1 
Your own Ulysses! twicelfcen years detaintl 
By woes and wenderlni^s from this hapless land ; 
At length he comes ; but comes despised, voltnown. 
And tinding fsitkfui, yon, and yon alone. « 8l£ 
All else have «:ast him from their very thenar, 
Bv.'n in their wislies, and their prayers forgot ! 
Hear then, my friends : If Jove this arm succeed 
And gi\p yon iif>pious levellers to bleed, 890 

My care shall be to bless your future lives- 
"With large possessions and with faithful #iveB ; 
Fa.H by my paUc^ shall your domes ascend/. 
And each on yonug Telemachua atteud» 
And each be call'd his brother and my friend. 925 
To, give you firhier fsith, how trust yonr eye; 
lio ! the broad scar indented on my thigh, 
"When with Aatelycns's-sons, of yore, ,. ' 

On Parnass' top I ehaa'd the tusky boar. 
flis ragiged vest then drawn aside disulosM 996 

The sign conspicuous, and the scar expos d; 
Eager' they view'd ; with joy they stood amas*d : 
"With tearfnl e>es o'er all their master gas*d : 
Around his ntck their longing arms tliey east, • 
His heady his shoulders, and his knees embrac'd: SS5 









'340 THE Ol)tsSEY, B06k K7LU 

Te^rs followM teatrs; no word was in their power; 

la soieiqn silence fell the kindly shower. 

The king too weeps, the king too grasps their hands, 

" And moveless, as a marble foontain, stands. 

Thus had their joy wept down the setting sun, 240 

' But first the^wis^ man ceas'd, and thus begun. 
Enough-— OD other cares your thought eaiploy, 
For ditnger waits on all untimely joy, 

■ Full many foes, and fierce, observe us near; 

Some may betray ,^and yonder walls may hear. 245 

Re-enter then, not all at olice, but stay 

Some moments you, and let me lead the way. 

To me, neglected as I am, I know 

The haughty suitors will deny tlie bow ; 

But thou, EumsBus, as 'tis borne away, s)SO 

Thy master's weapon to his hand convey. 

At every portal let some matron wait, 

And each lock fast tlje well-compacted gate : 

Close let them keep, whate'er invades their eat-; 

Thou(gh arms, or shouts, or dying groans they hear. 

To thy ^rict charge, Pbilaetius ! we consign ^SS6 

The c(M>rt*s main gate : to guard that pass be thine* 

This said, he first returned : the faithful swains 
At distance follow, as their king ordains. 
Before the flame Eurymachus now standi, 25o 

^nd turns the bow, and chafes it with his bands : 
Still the tough bow unmo\''d. The lofty man 
Sigh'd from his mighty soul, and thus began.' 
I moarn tiie commoa cause ; foi^ oh, my friends ! 

* . On me', on all,'wliat grief, what shame attends ! £69 
Not the lost nuptiaie can affect me more 
(For Greece has beauteous dames on every shore)^ 
But baffled thus ! confpss'd so far below 

' Uiyises' strength, as not to bend his bow ! 

How shall all ages our attempt deride ! 370 

' Our weakness scorn. Antinoiis thus reply'd. 

'^ot so, Eurymachus : that no man draws 
The .wondrous bow, attend anotlier cause. 
Sacred to Phcebus is the solemn day, 
• Which thpnghtiesa we in games would waste awtf : 



BOOK XXI. THSOOrSSKY. Uir 

Till the next dnwa this ill-tim*d strife forigo, $70 , 
And here leave fixt the ringlets in a row. 
17ow bid the sewer approach, and let us join 
In due libations, and in rites divine. 
So end our nighty before the day shall spring, 280 
The choicest offerings let Metanthiua bring ; 
Let then to Phoebus* name the Attted thighs 
Feed the rich smokes, high cnriing to the skies. 
So shall the patron of these arts bestow 
(For hia the gift) the skiil to bend the bow. S85 

They heard well pleas'd : the ready heralds bring 
The cleansing waters froni the limpid spring : 
The goblet high tvith rosy wine tbey crown'd. 
In order circling to the peers around. 
That rite complete^ nprose the thoughtful man, 29O 
Abd tha^ his meditated scheme began. 

If what i ask your noble minds approve, 
Te peers and rivals in the royal love ! 
Chief, if it hurt not great 'Antiiious* ear 
^ (Whose sage decision I with wonder hear), 2^1 

And if Eurymachns the motion please : 
Giv« Heaven this day^and rest the bow in peace. 
To-morrow let yonr arms- dispute the prise, • 
And take it he, the favoured of the skies ! 
Bat, since ^il then this trial you delay, 300 

Trust it on^ moment to my hands to-day : V 

Fain would T prove, before your judging eyes. 
What once 1 was, whom wretched you despise ; 
If yet this arm its ancient force retain ; 
Or if my woes (a Ipng-continued train) 305 

^nd wants and insults, mwke me less than man. 

Rage ilash'd in lightning from the suitor's eyes, 
Yet mixt with terror at the bold emprise. 
Aatinotis then: O miserable guest ! 
Is common sense quite banish'd from thy l^ast? 310 
Suffic'd it not within the palace plac'd 
To sit distinguish'd, with our presence f rac*d,' 
ASmitted here with princes to coaler, 
.A man unknown, a needy wanderer? 
' To copious wine this insolence we owe, vSlS 

And much thy betters «ine can overtlirow : 



-343 TB£ OPTS3XT. ' BdDK JDCr; 

The great ij^iirytioa wheo this pfireo^ ston;, 

Pirithoiis' roofs wiU) frantic ri<y| ruoig; 

Boundless the Centaur rag'd ; bill one and all 

The hero'js rose, and dra/g\i him from tlie hall ; 3SO 

His no^ they shorteu'd, and ius ears they slit. 

And sent him sober'd home, witli better vit. 

Hence with long «rar the doftble race was curst, " 

Fatal to all, but to tb' a9[ressor ti-st. 

Such fate 1 prophecy our. guest attends, 325 

If here this interdicted bow he bends: 

Kor shall these walls such insolence contain; 

The first fair wind transports him o'er the main; 

Where £chetu8 to death the guilty brings 

(The worst of Qtdrtais, ev'n the worst of kings). 3to 

Better tlian that, if thou approv«.9ur cheer ; 

Cease the mad strife, and share our bottnt> here* 

To this the queen her just dislike oxprest: 
'Tis impious, prince, to harm the ftCra^ger-^uest, 
Base to insult whobpars% suppliant's name, * S35 
A.nd some respect Tetemachus may claim. * 
What if th* immortals 6n the man bestow 
Suffioient strength to draw the mighty bow ? 
Shall I, a queen> by rival chinfs ador'd. 
Accept a wandering stranger for my lord I 340 

A hope 30 id,le never touch'd hi^i brain : if 
Tt^cn ease your bosoms of a fear so vain. * * 
Far b^ he baoish'd from^this stately scene 
Who wrongs his prinkress with a thought so mean. 

O fair ! and wisest of so f«ur a kind ! 3lS 

(Respectful thus Eurymachus r«j«ia*d), ^ 

Mov'd by no weak surmise, but sense of ebame, 
We dread the. aU-arraignins; voice of F»me : 
We dread the censure of the meanest slave, 
The weakest woman : ail can wrong the brave. 350 
^* Behoiij^what wretches to the bed pretend 
" Of that brave chief, whosetew theyceuld notbeadl 
'* In cntne a beggar of the strolling crew^ 
" Aod did what ail those princes could liot do."** 
Thus will Uie common voice our deed del«|]|e« 9SB 
And thus posterity upbraid oar nafme, 



••^. 



BOOK kA,- the O^Tsist^. 



343 

To whom the qoMtf. If ftune engage yo«r views, 
Forbear those aets -wnicli infiiiny pursues ; 
Wrong and oppression no renovn can raise ; * 
Know, friend ! that virtue is the path to praise. 360' 
The stature of our guest, his port, his fare, 
Spook him descended from no vulgar race. 
To him the bow, as he desires, convey ; 
And to his hand if Ph<rbas give the d-ay, 
HcBce, to reward his merit, be shall bear 365 

A two-edg*d fidchion and a shioiiig spear, 
Embroider'd sandals, a rich cloak aud vest> ^ 
And safe conveyance toliis port of rest. 
Q royal mother ) ever honoured name ! 
Feraiit me (eries Telemachvn), to claim 370- 

A son's just right. -^'No Grecian prince but I 
Has powet this bow to grant, or to deny, 
O^all that Ithaca's rough hilts contain. 
And all wide BHs' courser-^reedin<; plnin, 
» To vai alone my father's arms descend ; 375 

*.• ■ And mine alone thejp afe, to give or lend. 
>*•* Retire, oh queen 1 thy^ household task resume, 
Tend, with thy maids, the labours of the loom ; 
The Uow, the darts, and arms of chivalry. 
These cares t;o man belong, and most to rae. SdO- 

Ma\j^re bl^ond his years, the queen admlr'd 
His sage reply, and with her train retir'd ; ^ 

There in her chamber as she sate ap.irt, 
Revolv'd his words, and plac'd them iu her heart. 
Od her Ulysses then she fix'd her soul, 385 

Dawn her fair chc^ the tears abundant roll, 
Till gentle Palias, piteous of her eric s, 
In slumber closM her silver-streaming eyes. 

Now through the press the bow Eamasus bore, 
And all was riot, noise, and wild uproar. 390 

Hold ! lawless rustic! whither wilt thou g^? 
To whom, incensate, dost thou bear the bow ? 
Ex4^'d for Uiis to some sequcster'd den. 
Far from the sweet society of men, 
fV* thy own dogs a prey thou shalt be made ; 395 
If Heaven and Pluebns lend the suitors aid. 



^ 

4 



3M TdE ODTSSET. BtOK XXf . 

Thus they. Aghast he laid th% weapoa down. 
But bold Telemachus thus urgM him on. 
Proceed, false slave, and slight their empty words ; 
'What ! hopes the fool to please so many lords ? 400 
Young as I am, thy prince's vengeful hand 
Stretch'ri forth in wrath shall drive thee from the land. 
Oh ! could the vigour of this arm as well 
Th* oppressive suitors from my walls expel I 
Then what a shoal of lawless men should go M5 
To fill with tumult the dark courts below ! 
The suitors with a scoraful smile survey 
The youth, indulging in the genial day. 
Eumsus, thus enoourag'd, hastes to bring 
The strifeful bow, and gives it to the king. 410 

Old Eoryclea calling, then aside, 
Hear what Telemachus enjoins (he cry'd) r 
At every portal let some matron wait. 
And each lock fast thp'well-compacted gate; 
And if unusual sounds iavade their ear, 415 

1 f arms, or shouts, or dying groans they hear. 
Let none to c&ll or issue forth presume. 
But close attend the labours of the loom. 

Her prompt obedience on his order waits ; 
ClosM in an instant were the palace-gates. 430 

In the same moment forth Philetins flien^ 
Secures the court, and with a cable ties 
Hie utmost gate (the cable strongly wrought ' 
Of By bios* reed, a ship from Egypt brought) ; 
Then unperceiv'd and silent at the board 4(5 

His seat he takes, his eyes upon his lord. 

And' now his well-known bow the master bore, 
Turn'd on all sides, and viewed it o*er and o*er ; 
Lest time or worms had done the weapon wrong, 
Its owu>er absent, and untry'd so long. 490 

While some deiiding — How he turns tlie bqw ! 
Soice other like it sure the man must know. 
Or rise would copy; or in bows be deals; 
Perhaps he makes them, or perhaps he steals.— 
Heaven to this wretcii (anotlier cry'd) be kind ! 435 
And bless, in all to which be stands inclined, 
With such good fortune as he now shall find. 



Book xti, the odyssbt. ms 

Heedless he beard'them : but disdaia'd reply ; 
Tlie bow {serusing with' exactest eye. 
Then, as some heavenly minstrel, taught to sing 410 
High notes responsive to the trembling string, 

- To some new strain when he adapts the lyre. 
Or the dumb late refits wiili vocal wire. 
Relaxes, strains, and draws ihera to and fro ; 
So the great master drew the migh^ bow : 445 

And drew with ease. One band aloft display'd 
The bending horns, and one tl^e string essay 'd. 
From his essaying hand the string let fly 
Twang'd short and sharp like the shrill swallow's cry. 
A general horror ran throngli all the race, 450 

Soak was each heart, and pale was etery face. 
Signs from above ensoM : th' unfolding sky 
In lightning nnrst ; Jovft thundered from ou highJ " 
Kr*d at the call of heaven's Almighty Lord, 
He snatch'd the shaft that gUtter'd on the board 495 
(Fast by, the rest lay sleeping fnxhe sheath, 
iBut soon to fty the messengers of death). 

Vow sitting as he was, the cord he drew. 
Through every ringlet ievelHog^ his view ; 
Then iiotch*d the shaft, releM'd, and gave it wing ; 
Tb9 whiaaing'Brnyw vanished from the string, 461 
Sung on difect»' kif d threaded eVery ring. 

* The solid gate its fufy scareely bounds ; 
Piere'd tbraogh and tbroogh, the solid gate resounds. 
Then to the prince. Nor havfe £ wroihght thee shame ; 
Kor err*d this band unfaithful to its aim ; 466 

Mor prov'd the toil wo hard; n^ft- have 1 lost 
That aneient'K^ettr, once ray pride and boast. 
Ill I deserved thfse haughty peers' disdain; 
Now let them gomfort their dejected train, 470 

In sweet repast their present -hour employ. 
Nor wait till evening for the genial joy : • 
Then to the lute's soft voice prolong the ttight; 
Music, the banquet's most refin'd delight. 

He said, then gave a nod ; and at the word 475 
Telemachus^girds on his shining sword. 
Fast by his father's side he takes his stand : 
The beamy javelin lightens in lUs hand. 

Pa 






THE 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XXII. 



ARGUMEIO'. 

2%e Death qf the Suitors, 

Ulysses begins the slaughter of the soitors by the 
death of Aotinoiis. He declares himself, and lets 
fly his arrows a^ihe rest. Telemachus assists, and 
brings arms for his fiither, himself, Eonaras, and ^ 
Fhilaetias. Helanthius does the same fin* tiie 
vooers. Minerva encourages Ulysses in the shafie 
of Mentor. The sailors are all slain, only Medon 
and Fhemius are spared. Melanthius and tite on* 
faithful servants are executed. The rest acknov* 
ledge their master with all demonstrations of joy. 



t MT J 



BOOK XXII* 

nnHEK fierce the help o'er the threshold strode; 
-^ Stript of hu ran, be blax'd out ^ke a god. 
Fall iQ their ftice the lifted bov lie tore. 
And quiver'd-deaths, a formidable store ; 
Before his feet the rattling shower he threw, 5 

And tinis, terrific, to the suitor^rew. 

One veqturoas game this hand has won to-day^ 
Aaother, princes ! yet remains to play ; 
Another mark our arrow mnst attain, 
fhoebas, assist 1 nos be Uie labour vain. 10 

Swift as the word the parting arrow sings, 
Aud bears thy fate, Antinoiis, on its wings : . 
Wretch that he whs, of unprophetic soul ! 
High in his hands he rear'd the golden bowl 1 
£v'n then to drain it lengthened oat his breath ; 15 
Chang'd to the deep, the bitter draught of death : 
For fiftte Vbo fear'd amidst a feastful band? 
•And fate to numbers, by a single hand i 
'Full through his throat Ulysses' weapon past. 
And pterc'd tlie neck. He falls, and breatlie* his last. 
The tumbling goblet the wide floor overflows, SI 
A stream of gore burst spouting from his nose ; ' 
Grim in conrulsive agonies he sprawls : 
Before him spurn' d the loaded uble falls, 
<And spreads the pavement with a mingled flood 29 
4f floating meats, and wine, and human blood. 
Ama^'d, confounded, as they saw him fall. 
Uprose tlie throngs tumultuous round the hall; 
O'er ail the dome they cast a haggard eye, i^ 

Each look'd for arms : in rain ; no arms were nigh. 
Aim'st thou at princes i (all amaa'd they said); 
Thy last of games unhappy hast thou play'd; 
Thy erring shaft has made our bravest bleed. 
And death, unlucky guest, attends thy deed. S4 
Vultures shall tear thee— Thus incens'd they spoke. « 
While each to chaace ascribed tiie woadrbus strokOf 



r 



SI8 THE 09YS8ST. BOOK XSXU 

Blind as they trere: for death ev*n now invades 
j^is destinM prey, aud wraps them all in shad^. 
Then, gtimly frowning with a dreadful look. 
That wither'd all their hearts, Ulysses spoke. 40 
* ^gs, ye have bad yonrdiq^ ! ye feared no more 
Ulyssea veng^ql t/om the Trojaa shore ; 
While, to your Hiet sod spoil a guardless prey, 
O&r house, oar wealth, oar helpless handmaids lay: 

fot so content, willi bolder phrensy fir'd. 4* 

v\x to oiTr bed presumpt^ois you aSpirM : '^ 
Law or divine or human fatPd to move. 
Or shame of in»n» or dcead of gods above ; 
Heedless alike of infamy or praise, 
0^ Fame's eternai voice in Ibtane days : 50 

Tl)e hour of vengeance, wretches, now is come, 
ImpentAag fate is yours, and instant doom. 
*Thus dreadful he. Co&fus'd the suitors stood, 
From their pale cheeks recedes tiie flying blood : 
^Trembling they sought their guilty heads to hide, 56 
Alone tite bold Eurymachus reply 'd : ' * * 

If, as thy words import ^le tNus began), * 
Ulysses lives, and thou the mighty nan, ' 

Great are thy wrongs, and much hast thoa sustain'o 
In thy sfifoird palace, and exhausted land ; ^ 

The cause and author of those guilty deeds, 
Lo ! at thy feet unjust Autiuoiis bleeds. 
17ot love, but wild ambition was his guide; 
To slay thy son, thy kingdoms to divide, 
These were his aims ; but justerJove deny*d. 66 
Since cold in death th' offender lies ,* oh spare • 
Thy suppliant people, and receive their grayer! 
Brass, gold, and treasures, shall the spoil detrey. 
Two hundred oxen every prince shall pay: 
The waste of years refunded in a day. f^ 

Till then thy wrath is just— Ulysses bmro'd 
With high disdain, and -sternly thus retnrnM. 

All, all the treasures that enrieh'd our throne 
Before your r«piaea» join'd wifcit all your own, 
■If offered, vainly should for mercy call ; 76 

TIs fou that oiler, and I Morit them aU j 



MO0K XH^lh TBS OBTBSSr. 9^ 

Yoqr blood i» mj ^emand/yooir liv«« tbe piMje^ 
Till pale«s yonder wr«b;h each suitor lies. 
^lencVwith those coward terms; or fight or flj; 
This choice is left you-| to resist or die ;• 80 

y i^nd die I trust yje shall. — He sternly spoke : * « 
"With guilty fears the pale assemUy shook. 
Alone Eurymachus exhorts the trains 
Xon arfher, comrades, will not shoot io vain; | 
Bat from the threshold shalf his darts be sped, 85 
(Wb«V«« he he) till evei^^ prince lie dead ? • '< 

Be mindful of yourselves, draw forth your Words, 
An41 to his shafts ohtend these ample boards - 
(So need' compels). Then, all united strive 
The bold invader from his post to drive ; QQ 

The city rous'd shall to our rescue hasbe. 
And Uiis mad archer soon have shot his laatJ ^** 
Swift as he spoke, he drew his traitor sword, « 
And like a lion rush'd against his lord : 

* OOie wary chief the rusliing foe represt, 9^ 

Who net the point and forc'd it in his breast : 
His falHnl; hand deserts the lifted sword, .. 
■'* ^ And prone he falls extended o'er the board ! 

' "Sefo^e him wide, in mixt effusion roll 
Ti>' untaated viands, aud the jovial bowl. , 100 
Full through his liver pass'd the n^ortal wound. 
With dying rage his forehead beats the ground. 
He spurn'd the seat with fury as he ff 11, 
And the fierce soul to darkness div'd, and hell. 
Next bold Amphiuomous his arms extends 105 

Tq force tlie pass; the godlike man defends. 
Thy spear, Telemachos ! prevents th' atUck, 
The braaeu weapon driving through his back, 
TlMNtce through his breast its ^loody passage tore; 
J?l^^t falls he thunderiog on the marble floor, 110 
And bia crusb'd forehead marks the stone witli gore. 
He left his javelin in tbe dead, for fear 
The long incu^rance of tlie weighty spear 
T/o the fierce io% advantage mighi afford, 
To rash betw«ea and use tihe s^iorteu'A sword. 115 
*Wijth.apftedy ardovr to his sire he fliea>. 
And, Ann, gre^t father ! arm, (in haste he cries)* 



V 



^iO THE ODYSgKY. BOOK XXlt 

Lo hence I nin f»r other arms to wield. 
For missile jftvelins, and for helm and shield ; , 
Fast by oar side let either fiaitbful swain lilt 

In arms att^d us, and their part sustain. 

Ifaste, and return (Uljsses made reply) 
While yet th' auxil^ar shafts this hand supply; 
Lest thus alone, encoUnter'dLby an ho9t, 
DriTen from the gale, tU' important pass be lost. 125 

With speed Telemachas obeys, and Hies ^ 
• Wkere pil'd in heaps the royal armour li^s f 
Four brazen helmet«, eig^ht refulgent spears, 
■And ft>ur broad bucklers to his sire he bears : 
At once in braaen panoply they shone, ISO 

At once each servant brac'd hi& armour on ; 
Aroun^ their king a faithful guard they stand, 
T^hile yet each shaft Hew deathful from his hand : 
Chief after chief expired at every wound, » 

And sweird the bleeding mountain on the ground, 
fioon as his store of flying fites was spent, 195 

Against the wall be set the bow unbent; 
And now his shoulders bear the massy shield , 
And now bis hands two beamy javelins wield i 
He frowns beneath his nodding plume, that play'd 
O^r th^ high crest, and cast a dreadful shade. 141 

There stood a window neftr, whence looking down 
From o'er the porch appeared the subject town. 
A double strength of valves secur'd the plane, 
A hijh and narrow, bat the Only pass : 14S 

The cautious king, with all-preventing care. 
To guard that outlet, placM Enmasus tliere : 
When Agelaiis thu) : Has none the sense 
To mount yon window, and Alarm from thence 
The neighbour.town ? the town shall A»rce the door, 
And this bold archer soon shall shoot no more. 151 
■ Melantliius then : That outlet to the fete 
. So near adjoins, that one may guard the strait. 
But other metliods of defence renaln, 
Myself with arms can farnbh all the train; 111 

Stores flnom the royal magasine I bring. 
And their own darts shall pierce the priace and Ling. 



} 



boos XXU. THE ODYSSEY. V 151 

He said ; aojl moanting up the Itffty stein, 
IVelve shields, twelve iances, and twelve beiatts 

bean: ^ 

JiSi arm, aod saddeo round the hall appearr 160 
t A blase of bucklers, and a wood of spears. 

The hero stands opprest with mighty woe. 
On every side he sees t|y) labour grow; 
Oh cnrst event ! and oh unlook'd'-for aid I 
' Melalgias or the women have betray'd** l65 

Ob ny d«ar son t— The father with a sigb ! 
Then caBs*d; the filial virtue made reply. 

Falsehood is folly, and 'tis just to own 
Hie fault committed : this was mine alone ; 
' My baste n^lected yonder door to bar, 170 

And hence the villain has suppl^'d their war. 
Run, good EumsBus, then, and (what before 
I ^oughtless err'd in) well secure tbat door : 
Iiearn, if by female fraud this deed were, done. 
Or (as my thought misgives) by Polius^ son. 175 

YfhQe yet they spoke, in quest of arms again 
To the high chamber stole the faithless swain, 
Not unobserv'd. Eumaeus watchful ey'd. 
And thus address'd Ulysses near bis side. 

Hie miscreant we suspected takes that waji^ 180 
Him, if this arm be powerful, shall I sUjf? 
Or drive bim hither, to receive the meed 
From thy own hand, of this detested deed ? 
' Kot so (reply'd Ulysses) ; leave him there, .. 
For us sufficient is another care : 185 

Within the structure of this palace wall 
To keep inclosM his masters till they fall. 
Oo you, and seize the felon; backward bind 
His arms aud legs, and fix a plank behind; 
On this his body by strong cords extend, 190 

And on a column near the roof suspend : 
So studyM tortures his vile days shall end. 

The ready swains obeyed with joyful haste. 
Behind the felon unperceiv'd tljey pas^ 
As round the room ia quest of arms he goes tgn 
;Tbe half-shnt door conceard his larking foes) : 



V. 



lH J THE tOp^tB^tr, BO^ dtM^* 

One hand ftistoflrd an h^Ivs, aoA oofr the sfaii^d 
iriudi old LeriSrtM wont^Sa fbthh Ho wield, 
Cover'd with dust, with dryness chfipt and worn^ ^ 
The brasa eorvod^, and fhe feathetr torn. soti 

?rhu8 iaden, o'er the thresKoM as ht atept. 
Fierce ob the villirini ^om *aeh side they leapt. 
Back by the hair th« trembliiig A«t«^d drew. 
And down rvhietanton ^t pK\'<ement fiireW. 
Active and pl^s*d the zealous swains felfii 203 

At every point their master's I'igid wftl : 
First, fast behind, his hand« a<ld feel' they bound, .' 
Then straitan'd- «>rds inv6lv*d bis' body round ; 
So drawn atoift, athwart ihe colurtni ty'd, 
^e howling felon sWnng from stBe to tide. StO 

* Eumisnni scoftng*|;hett wHh keen disdain: 
There pass thy pteaslnf right,«oh gentle swain ! 
On that Boft piW6w, -firom that-^nvy'd height, » 
First may'st thou s«« the springing dawn of ligfart ; "r 
So timely ris^, when mornirisr streaks the east, £15 
To drive thy victims to the suitots' feast. '* '- 

Thi,s satd, they left him, tortured as he lay, 
Sccur'd the door, and haaty strode away : 
Each, breathing death, resumed his dangeroos post** 
Kear great Ulysses; four^gainst an host. S£0 

When lo ! descending to hir hero's aid 
Jove's daughter Falf a^, War's trinmpbant illaid : 
In Mentor'sffiehdly form she joinM his side ; 
Ulysses safW, and thns with transport cry*d. 

Come, ever welcome, and thy succour lend ; tf£3 
Oh every sacred name in one t my friend ! 
Early we lov'd, and long our loves have grown ; 
Whate'er through life's whole series ITiave done 
Or good, orgratefdl, now t6 mind recal. 
And, aiding this one hour, repay it all. 290 

Thus he ; but pleasing hopes his bosom warm 
Of Pallas latent in the friendly form. 
The adverse host the plianlom-warrior ey'd. 
And first, loud threatening^ Agelarirs cry'd. 

Mentor, beware, nor let that tongne persuade S39 
Thy fcantic arm to lend Ulysses aid ; 



• 



BOOBXXn. TittroiDYS^. 35S 

Oar force successful shall our throat Bi«k« good. 
And with the sire and son's commix thy blood. 
What hojp'st thou here? Tffee first the sword shalf 

slay, » 

Then lop thy whole posterity away; 84(f 

Far hence thy banishM consort shall wo s^nd ; 
With hir, thy forfeit iai^s ana treasures blend ; 
'ilius, and thus only, shalt thou join thy fviead. 

His barbarotfs insult ev'n the |odd«sa fires. 
Who tfan» the warrior to revenge inspires. 94$ 

' Art thou Ulysses? whei% then shall we find 
The patient body and the constant mind ? 
That courage, onc^ the 'Jjrojan's daily dread. 
Known nine long years, and felt^by herpes dead f*. . 
And -where that conduct, which ravdhg'd the lust S5(>» 
Of Priam's race, and Jaid pr^d^roy in dust? 
Ifthisy when Helen -\|^ tife capse, were done; 
What for thy country Dow, thy^uem, thy son i 
Rise then in combat, tl^t my side attend; 
Obsanrt what vigour gratitude ^aa lend, 255 

And foes how weak, oppos'd ag^lhst a fi^end I 

She spoke ; but wilting longer to survey 
The sire and son's great acts, withheld the day; 
By farther toils decreed the brave to try, 
And level poisM the wings of victory; 260 

Then wiili a change of form eludes their sight, 
Per£h*d like a swallow on a rafter's height. 
And unperceiv'd enjoys the rising fight. 

Damastor's son, bold Agelaiis, leads 
The guilty war, £urynomus succeeds ; 96$ 

With these, Pisander great Polyctor's son. 
Sage Polybu^ and stern Amphimedon, 
With Demoptolemus : these six Survive ; 
Tlie best of all, the shafts had left aAvB. 
Amidst the carnage, desperate as they stand, SJQ 
Til us Agelaiis rops'd the lagging band. 

Tlie hour is come, when yoa fierce man no more 
With bleeding princes shall bestrew the floor. 
Lo ! Mentor leaves him with an empty bqast; 
llie four remain, but four against an host. 875 



* 3$^ Tni oDvaarifr. book id^ 

Iiet .9*ch at once 'discharge the de&dly dart. 
One sure of six shall reach Ulysses* 'heart ; 
ft 9 rest must perish, tiieir great leader slajfiy 
Tbtts shall one stroke the glory los^regain. 
^en all at once their mingled faaces threw, S80 
' And thirsty afl of one man's blood they flew ; 
In Tain I Minerva turd'd th^m Mftth her breJHi, 
And scatUir'd short, or wide, the points of death; 
With deadened sottftd one on the threMiold falls, 
Qae strikes the gate, one rings against the walls : 885 
/Tlie st^na-'ptist innocent. *«The goAtke maa 
Kow loftier trpd, and dreadful thus began. 
Tis now (brave friends) bur turn, at once to threw 
« « /Sd speed them Heaven) oot javelins at the Toe. , 
Jhiat impious ra<ite to all thei^past Ij^isdeeds 4|0 
^ould'add our blooB, ijujustice; still pro^gseds. 
^e spoke : at dlic^theil' fiery lanoes fiew : 
Great Demop.tolemue, Dlystes'sl^a^ 
^uryades received the prince's, dart ; 
^e goatherd's quir^r'd in Bisandcr's heart |* 99^ 
, Fierce £latift by Uiintf, Eumaeus, falls; 

Their fall in thunder echoes round *tlie walls.* 
Tim rest retreat : the victors now advance. 
Each from the dead resumes his bloody lance.' 
Again the fo6 discbarge the steely shower; 900 

Again made frustrate by the virgin-ppwer. 
Some, tUL'u'd by Pallas, on thetiireshold fall. 
Some wound the gate, some ring against the wall; • 
Some weak, or ponderous witli the brazen head, 
,^ ^ Brop harmless on the pavement, sounding dead. ViS 
Then bold Amphimedoi}*V>ia javelin cast ; 
Thy hand, Telemachus, it lightly raa*d>f 
And from Ctesippus* arm tSie spear elanc'd 
On good EumvMH shield and shoulder glcusc'd : 
Not lessen'd of their foree (so slight the wound) SIO 
Each suQg along, and dropp' d upo^ the ground. 
Fate doom'd tiiee next, Eurydamns, to bear 
Thy death, ennobled by UlysseV spear. 
By the bold son Antphimedon was slatu. 
And Folybua reiwwn^d the faithful swido. 9lt 



> *, 



Picrc'd tbroi>gl> jh< bfe>at the ruJe Oteitppwt Mad, • 

And thus Piiiliettus gloried o'er the dead. ' 

Tberejaiid thy ponpous vaunts, and high dUdaia; 
<Hi sharp in scaqdal, voluble; and vain i 
' How veak n mortal pride ! To Heaven alone SQO -* 
Th' event of actioas and oar fates are auq^wa : ^ 

Seoffiery1»ehold whal gratitude we bear: 

^ The victim's heel is answer'd with this speaf . 

^ '. Ulyiaea braifduh'd high his veftgeM st«ai> 
And DamasteriAes that iostitnt fell ; ^ 9i$ 

Fast by Leoeritus^expirin^ay,' ^ * ^ 

The prinre s javelin tore its bloody way 
Through all his bowels : dvwn h* tumbles praiM, 
His batter'd front and brains besmear the stope. * • . 

Jfo^ir Pallas shyies coflfess'd ! alofiPshe spreads S8(Sk 
The arm of jieogeance o'er their guilty heads ; 
The dreadfal aegis biases in th^t eye : ., 
Amaz'd they teSm^ey treiybie, and they fly : 

' CSfOBfus'd, distractecL through t^Q rooms they fling, •. 
like of ^n madden'4 bw<tlie breeae's stiog, 9S5 

'When sultry days^and long^stiM^eed the geMle springt • 
Kot hftif so keen fierce vultures of the chace 
Stoop^rom the mountains on the featl>er*d race, - 
When, the wide field extended snitres beset, SS0 
With conscious dread they shun the quivering net : 
No help, no flight; but wounded every' way, 
Headlonq; they drop jrtlie fowlers seise tlie prey. 
On all sides thus they double wound on weund, 
la prostrate heaps the wretches beat the ground, 
X7nni0bly shrieks precedo each dying groan, 345 ,, * 
. And a red deluge floats th'^ reeking stone. 

Leiodes first before-the victor falls; 
The wretched augur tlivs for mercy calls. 
O gracious bear, nor l«t thy sapplidilt:4>leed : 
Still undishonour'd, or by word ar deed S50 

Thy house, for me, remuas; l»y me repressM 

* . Full oft was cheuk'd th* injustice of tii^ rest: 
Averse they heard me when I coansell'd well, 
Their hearts were hardened, and they justly feUk 
Oh, spare an «ugur*seoBseerated4iead, 9t§ 

V or add the blameless to the guilty dead* ' 



356 THE ODTSSET. BOOK XXII#- 

Priekt M thou art ! for that detesVed bond 
Thy lying prophecies d«ceiv'd the land: 
iCg«liut Ulysses have thy vovts been madq^ 
For them, thy daily orisons were paid : 36i> 

Yet more, ev'n to our bed ttiy pride aspires : 
One common crime, one common fate requires. 

Thus speaking, from the ground the sword lie took 
'Which Agelaus* dying hand ftn^ook : 
Full through has neck the weighty falchion sped : 969 
Along the pavement rolFd the muttering bead. 

Phemius feloue the hand'of vengeance spar'd, - 
Fhemius the Aweet, the heaven-iostructed bard* 
Beside the gate the reverend minstrel stands ; 
The lyre, now silent, trembling in his hands ; 37tt 
'Dubious to suppKcaie the cHief, or fly « 

To Jove's inviolable altar nigh, ^ 

Where oft L^rtes holy vows had paid. 
And oft Ulysses smoking victims Mjft. 
His honour'd harp with care he fim set down, 375 
Between the laver and the silver throne ; 
Then prostra'te stretch'^Tbefore the dreadful mao. 
Persuasive, thus, with accent soft began. 
O king ! to mercy be thy soul inclin'd, 
And spare the poet^ ever.gentl? kind. 9BO 

A deed like this thy future fame would wrong, 
Fifr dear to gods and men b sacred song. 
Self-taught I sing^ by Heaven j»nd Heaven alone* 
The genuine seeds of poesy are sown: 
And (what -the gods Mstow) tlie lofty laj^ 385 

To gods alone, and godlike worth, we pay. • 
Save then the poet, and thyself reward ; 
Tis thine to merit, mine is to record. 
That here I sung, was force, and not desire: 
, This hand reluctant toucb'd tlie warbling wire ; 390 
And let thy sou attest, nor sordid pay, 
Kor servile flattery stain'd the moral lay. 
The moving words Telemachus attends. 
Bis sire approaches, and the bard defends. 
Oh mix not, father, with those impious dead SQ$ 
The man divine; forbear that lacred head; 



:B00K XXII. THE ODTSSBT. , 99r 

Medon, the herald, too oar arms nay spare, 

HedoD, who made my ioftincy his care ; 

If yet he4>reatbes, permit thy son to give 

Thus much to gratitude, and bid him liye. 400 

Beneath a table, trembling with dismay, 
CouCh'd close to earth, unhappy Medon lay, 
Wrapt in a new slain ox's ample hide ; 
Swift at the word he cast his screen aside, 
Spruog to the prince, embrac'd his knee with tears. 
And thas with grateful voice address'd his ears. 406 

t> prince! oh friend! lo herelSiy Medon standa; 
Ah stop the hero's unresisted hands, 
"IncensM too jusUy by that impious brood, 
.IVtaose guilty glories now are set in blood. 410 

'To whom Ulysses with a pleasing eye : 
Be bold, on iiriendsbip and my son rely ; 
live, an example for the world to read,*^ 
How much more safe the ^od than evil deed : 
Thou, with the hea^ien-taught bard, in peace resort 

; JTrom blood and carnage to jon open court : ^6 
Me other w6rk requires — With timorous awe 
From the dire scene th' exempted two withdraw, 
Scarce sure of life, l^k round, and trembling move 
To the bright altars of Protector Jove. • 4S0 

Meanwhile Uly&ses search'd the dome, to find « 
If yet there live of^all th' offending kind. 

" Ndt one I complete* tto bloody tale he fouud, 
All sbeep'd in blood, all gasping on the ground. 
So, when by hollow shores the fisher- train 42S 

Sweep with their arching nets the hoary main. 
And scarce the meshy toils the copious draught con- 
tain, " 
All naked of their element, and bare, 
The fishes pant, and gasp in thinner air ; 
"Wi^e o'er the sands are spread th^, stiffening prey. 
Till the warm sun exhales their soul away. 431 

And now the king commands his son to call 
Old Euryclea to the deathful hall: . 
The son observant not a moment stays ; 
The aged governess with speed obeys ; 43& 



M r Tsn osnr^rr. book -xiqi. 

Tlie souodi^ portals iMtant «b«ydbplay ; 

The aaatxou moiws, tlie priftee directs the wajr. ' 

On heaps of cteath the Btera Ulysses stood. 

All black wikh dost, and oover'd thick -sritfa Mood. 

So ^le grim licw from the slaughter coinesy MO 

Dreadful he glares, and terribty he foams, 

Ills breast with marks of carnage painted o*er. 

Bis jaws all dropping with the boll's black gore. 

Soon aa»her e^es the weloome object net, < 
I^ gailty faH'n, the mighty dee^ complete ; 445 
A scream ofjoy her feeble vok« cftsay'd'r * 

The hero check'd.h«r, and composedly said — 

Woman, expertenc'j^ as thou art, controul 
Indecent joy and feast thy secret sobI. 
T* insult the dead, is cruel and uojvst; 460 

Fate, and tlieir crime, have sunk them to the dvst. 
■ Nor heeded these the censure of mai||(iBd, 
The good and bad wtitf «^al iu their miud. 
Justly the price of wortblessnesa they paid,, 
44)d eaeh now wails an unlamenfeed shadle. 4Sf 

But thou sincere! O BQryclea, say, 
W))at maids disboootir «s, amd whet'Obev i 

Then she. In th^e thy kingifr walls reoMun 
(My son) full fifty of the handmaid traio. 
Taught by my care, to cull the fleece, or weare, 460 
And servitude w^th pleasing task^ deceive; 
Of these, twice six pursue their wicked way, 
Nor me, nor chaste Penelope obey ; 
Kor fits it that Telerilachus command ^ 
(Young as he is) his motiier's female^band. 4d5 

Hence to the upper chambers let me fly. 
Where slumbers soft now close the royaf eye; 
There wake her with the news — The matron cry*d; 
Not so (Ulysses- more sedate,) reply 'd, 4S9 

Bring first the crev who wrought the«e guilty deeds; 
In haste the matron parts: tlie king proceeds. 

Now t« dispose the dead, the care remains 
To you, my son, and you, my foitfaful swains; 
Th' offending females to that task we doom, 
To wash, to scent, and purify the room, 4?* 



3ooj[ mxa. THE oinrsavr. 9sf 

These (every table deans'd, aad every throne, 
Apft all the melancholy luboar done) 
ITrWe to yoa court, without the palace-wall. 
There the revenging sword shall smite then all; 
So with the snitors let them mix in dust, 40> 

StretcVd in a long oblivion of their lust. * 
He said : the lamentirikle trein appear, 
Sach vents a groan, and drops a tender tear: '• 
£ach h^av'd her mournful burden, and beneath 
The porch depos'd the ghastly heaps of death. 485 
The*i:hief severe^ compelling each to move, 
tJrgM the dire ta»k imperioas from above, 
'y^th thirsty sponge they rub the tables o*er 
<The swains finite their toil); the^%lls, the floor 
VashM with th' effnsivewave, are purg'd of gores 41^ 
Once more the palace set in fair array, 
To the base court the females talce their way ; 
There compass'd close between the dome and wall 
(Their life*s last scene) t^ey trembling wait their fall. 
. T^en thus the prince. To these shall we aflbrd ^ 
A fate so pure, as by the martial sword } 49O 

To the^, tlie^ghtly prostitutes to shame, « 

And base revilers of oar hoase and name ? 

Thus speaking, on the circling w»ll he strung 
A ship's tough cable, from a column hung ; 500 

Kear tlie high top he^strain'd it strongly round, 
^^hebce no contending foot could reach the ground. 
Tlieir heads above connected i^ a row, 
They beat the" air with quivering feet below : 
Thus on some tree hung struggling in the snare, 505 
The doves or thrushes flap Uieir wings in air. • 
Soon fled the soul impure, and left behind 
The empty corse to waver with the wind. 

Then forth they led Melanthius, and began 
Their bloody work; they lopp'd away the man, 510 
Morsel for dogs ! then trimmed with brazen shears 
' 'The wretch, nnd shortenM of his nose and ears; 
His hands and feet last felt the cruel steel : 
He roarM, and torments gave his soul to hell — 
They wash, and to Ulysses take their way^ • 515 
60 ends the bloody busiqess of the day. ' ' 



/ 



SOD "TVLZ ODYSSEY. BOOK XXIt- 

To Euryclea then addressed the king : 
Bring hither fire, and hither sulpfattr bring, ^ 
To piirge the palace : then the queen attend. 
And let her with her matron-train descend ; 520 
Xbe matron-iraio with all the virgin-band 
Assemble here, to leara their lord*a command. 

Then Buryclea. Joyful I obey. 
But cast those mean dishonest rags away ; 
Permit me first the royal robes to bring : 585 

111 suits this garb the sbonlders of a king. 
** Bring sulphur straight, and fire,*' (the monarch 

cries) ; 
She hears, and at the word obedient flies. 
•VTith fire and sulphur, cure of noxious fumes, 
»-He porg'ffth» walls, and blood-polluted romns. 530 
Again the matron springs with eager pace, 
- And spreads her lord's return from place to place. 
They hear, rush forth, and instant round him stand, 
A gasing throng, a torch in every band. , 
They Baw, they knew bim, and with fond embrace 
Each humbly kissM his knee, or hand, or face; 596 
|Ie knows theitt all, iu all such truth i^pean, 
£v'a he indulges the sweet joy of teai3. 






THC 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XXIII. 



ARGUMENT. 

Curyelea awakens Penelope with the news of Ulys- 
seses retttrn and the death of the suitors. Pene- 
lope scarcely credita her ; but supposes some god 
has punished them, and descends from her apart* 
nent in doubt. At tiie first interview of IHysses 
and Penelope, she is quite unsatisfied. Minerva 
restores him to the beauty ol^ his youth ; but the 
qoeea continues inccedulous, till by some circum- 
stances she is convinced, and falls Into all th« 
t^i^nsports of passion and tenderness. They re- 
count to each other all Uiat has past during their 
long separation. The next mornibg Ulysses, arm- 
ing himself and his friends, goes from the city to 

. visit hit father. 



I ^ 1 



BOOK XXIII. 



TH£K to the queen, as ia repose she Uj, 
The nurse with eager rapture speeds her waj; 
llie trampyts of her faithful heart supply 
A sudden youth, and give her wings to fly. 

And sleeps my child ? the reverend matron crie»: 
Ulysses lives ! arise, my child, arise! 6 

At length appears the long-expected hour ! 
Ulysses comos ! tke suitors are do more! 
No more they view the golden ligbt of day I 
Arise, and bless thee with the gM survey ! 10 

Tottch'd at bar words, the mournful queen rejoin'di 
Ah ! whither wanders thy distemperM mind ? 
The righteous powers, who tread the starry skies. 
The ^f-^^ enlighten, i^nd confound the wise. 
And human thought, with unresisted sway, 15 

Depress or raise, enlarge or take away : 
Trutli, by their high liecrei', t^iy voice forsakes, 
And foUy with the tongue of wisdom speaks. 
Unkind, the fond illusion to impose! 
Was it to flatter or deride my woes ? •• 

Kever did T a sle^p •• sweet enjoy, 
Since my dear lord left Iibaoa for Troy. 
Why most I wake to grieve ; and curse' thy shores 
O Troy^'^aay never tongue pronounce thee more! 
Begone 1 another might have felt our rage, flf 

BiM age is sacred, and we spare thy age. 

To whom with warmth : my soul a Uvdbdaioi: 
,U lyases lives, thy own Ulysses reigns t 
That stranger, padent of the suitors' wrongs. 
And the rude license of ungovern'd tongues, S# 
He, he is thine.. Thy son his latent guest 
Long knew, but lock'd the secret in his breast; 
With well-concerted art to end his woes. 
And burst at once in vengeance on the foes. SI 
While yet she spoke, the queen in transport sprug 
:$wift from the couch, and round the mniron bun^i 



B€M>K XXin TH£ ODY8SBT. 9SS 

Fast firool her eye descends tUe rolling tesr, 
8By» once more say, Is my Ulynses here ? 
How could that numerous and outrageous band 
By one be sUtin, thoash by an hero's hand ? 40 

I saw it not^ she cries, but heard afone, 
When death was busy, a loud dying groan. 
The damseI«tralD tain'd pale at every wound, 
Imraur'd we sate, and catrh'd each passing sound; 
W'ben death had scis'd her prey, thy son attends, 45 
And at lus nod the damsei-train*descends: 
There twiiMe in arms U lyases stood, 
And the dead suitors almost swam in blood : 
Thy heart had leapt the hero to surveyi 
Stern as the surly lion o*er his prey, 50 

Glorious in gore, now with sulphureous fires 
The dome he purges, now the flame aspires; 
Heap'd lie the dead without the palace walls- 
Haste, daughter, haste, thy own Ulysses calls! 
Tliy every wish thfl bounteous godsbfestow, 55 

Enjoy the present good, and former woe ; 
ITlysses lives, his vancjuishM foes to see; 
He Uv«8 to thy Telemachus and thee ! 

Ah, no! with sighs Penelope rejoin'd. 
Excess of joy disturbs thy wandering'mind ; 60 

How blest this happy hour, should he appear. 
Dear to us all, to me supremely dear! 
Ah J no ! some god thtf suitor's deaths decreed, 
Some god descends, and by his hand they bleed; 
Blind r to contemn the strangerjs righteous cause, 65 
And violate all hospitable laws 1 * 
The good they hated, and the powers defy'd ; 
But Heaven is just, and by a god they dy'd. 
For never must Ulysses view this shore ; -^ 
IVever ! the lov'd Ulysses is no more ! 70 

What words (the matron cries) hav reach'd my ear^? 
Doubt we his presence, when he now appears ? 
Then hear conviction: Ere the fatal day 
That forc'd Ulysses o'er the watery way, 
A boar fierce rushing in the sylvan war 75 

Ploughed half his thigh; I saw, I saw the scar. 



S6^ TOK ODY88BT. BOOK XXUI. 

Aad wild vitii transport had revealM the woaod * 
Bat ere I spoke, he roaei and check'd the soiuid.' 
Then, daagbter, haste away ! aqd if a lie 
Flow from this tongae, then let thy servant die ! 80 

To 'whom with dabious joy the queen replies. 
Wise is thy soul, but errors seize the wise; 
The works of gods what mortal can survey i 
Who knows their motives, who shall trace their way? 
But learn we instant how the suitors trod . s$ 
The paths of death, l\jr man, or by a god. 

Thus speaks the queens and no reply attends. 
But with alternate joy and fear descends; 
At every step debates her lord to prove | 
Or, rushing to his arms, confess her love .' qq. 

Then gliding thr-ough the marble valves, in state 
Oppos'd, before the shining sire she sate. 
The monarch, by a column high enthron'd. 
His eye withdrew, and fix'd it on the ground; 
Curious to hear his queen the silence hreak : Of 
Amas'd she sate, and impotent to speak ; 
0*er all the man her eyes she rolls in vain 
Kow hopes, now fears, now knows, then doabt* 

again. 
At length Telemachus^Oh, who can find 
A woman like Penelope unkind ? |m 

Why thus in silence ? why with winning charms 
Thus slow to fly with rapture to his arms? 
Stubborn the breast that witli no transport glows 
When twice ten yea^s are pa$t of mighty woes * 
To softness lost, to spousal love unknown, lof 

The gods have form'd that rigid heart of stone I 

O my Telemachus ! the queen rejoin'd. 
Distracting fears confound my labouring miod; 
Powerless to speak, I scarce uplift my eyes. 
Nor dare to question; doubts on doubts arise. 310 
Oh deign he, if ufysses, to remove 
These boding thoughts, and what he is, to prove! 

Pleas'd with her virtuous fears, the king replies* 
Indulge, mv son, the cautions of the wise; 



BOOK XXni. THE ODTS8ET. 36( 

Time shall the truth to tore remeubrance bring : ill 

This garb of poverty belies the king; 

Ko more.^^This day otir deepest care requires 

Cautious to act what thought niatare inspires. 

If one Hian's blood, diougb mean, distain our band^ 

TIte homicide retreats to foreign lands ; ISO 

Bj us, -in heaps tU* illustrious peerage falls, 

Th' important deed our whole'attt^ntion calls. 

B« that thj care, Telemacbus replies, 
The world conspires to speak U^sses wise ; 
■For wisdoM ell is thine ! lo, I obey, 135 

And dauntless follow where you lead the way ; 
Tifor slialt thou in the day of danger find 
Thj coward son degenerate lag behind. 

Then instant to tlte bath (the monarch cries) 
Bid the gay youth and sprightly virgint rise, ISA 
Thence alt descend in pomp and proud array, 
And bid the dome resound the mirthful lay ; 
"Wbile the sweet lyrist airs of rapture sings, 
And forms the dance respoasiye to the strings* 
!Z3iat hence th' eluded passengers may say, 131 

JjO I the queen weds I we hear the spousal lay ! 
The suitors' death, unknown, 'till we remove 
Far from the court, and act in«pir*d by Jove. 

Thus spoke the king ; tli' ohservant train obey. 
At ooee Uiey bathe, and dress in proud array : 140 
The lyrist strikes the string; gay youths advance, 

And fair-xon'd damsels forni the sprightly dance. 
The voice, attun'd to instrumental sounds. 

Ascends the roof, the vaulted roof rebounds ; 

!Not unobserv'd : the Greeks eluded say, 145 

Lo ! the queen weds, we hear the spousal lay i 

Jnconstant t to admit tha bridal hour. 

!niu8 they-^bnt nobly chaste she weds no more. 
Meanwliife the wearied king the bath ascends ! 

With iaithfal carea Eurynomd attends, • - 1&% 

O'er every Hmb a shower of fragrance ^heds ; 

Tlien, drest in pomp, magniScent he treads'. 

The warrior-godiiess gives his frame to shine 

With li^jestf enlarg'dj aod graoft diviM* ^ s 



M ms ODYSSET. BOOK ^QUII. 

Back from hit brows in vavj riogUfet fly 155 

His thick Ixrge locks of hyaciatbioe dye. 
As by some artist to whom Valcan gires 
~ His heaveoly skill, a breathiag image lives; 
By Pallas taught, he frames the woodrotis otomld, 
Aod the pale silver glows with fusile go)t) : 100 

So Palhts his heroic form improves 
^th bloom divine, and like a god he moves; 
More high he treads, and issniog forth in sBate, 
Radiant before his guing consort tate. 
And, oh my queen I he cries ; what power above l66 
Has steel'd that heart, averse to spoasal love? 
Canst thou, Penelope, when Heaven restores 
Thy lost Ulysses to his native shores. 
Canst tboa, oh cnel ! uuconoern'd aurvey 
Thy lost Ulysses, on this signal day I tjq 

Haste, Eoryctea, and dispatchfol spiiead 
For me, and roe alone, th' imperial bed; 
My weary nature craves the balm of rest ; 
But Heaven with adamant has arm*d her toeast. 

Ah no! she cries, a tender heart I bear, J75 

A foe to pride; no adamant is there ; 
And now, ev'q now it melts ! for sore I sea 
Once more Ulysses my beiov'd in thee ! 
Fiz'd in my soul, as when he sail'd to Troy, 
His image dwells : then baste the bed of joy 1 180 
Haste, from the biidal bower the bed translate, 
Fram'd by bis hand, and be it drest in state 1 

Thus speaks the qoeen, still dubioos, with disguise; 
Touch*d at her words, the king with warasth replies. 
Alas for tills t what mortal strength caa novo U5 
Th* enormoas burden, who but Heaven above ) 
It mocks the weak attempts of human hands; 
B nt the whole earth must siove if Heaven eommands. 
Then hear sure evidence, while we display 
Verils seal'd with sacred truth, and truth obay : tQQ 
This hand the wonder fram'd ; an olive spread 
Full in the court iu ever>verdant head. 
Vast as some migb|y coinmn's bulk, on high 
The huge tmoli t9—, and hcaV*d into th^ akji 



90on s^un. the &»Ysgmr. 3<r 

Arovind kbe tre« I raised • aapltal bower, xg$ 

And roofd (l«feosWe of tbe storm and shower; 
The spacious valvf^ with art inwrought, oonjolat; 
Aad the fair dome with poUsli'd marble shines. 
I lopp'd the branchy bead ; aloft in twain 
Severed the bole, aad Sioooth'd the shining grata; 
Then poses, capacious of tlie frame, I raise, 2Q1 

And bore it, regular, from space to space : 
Athwart the frame, at equal distance lie 
Thongs of tough hides, that boatt a purple dye; 
Them poiisUiag the whole, the Gnish'd mould i!Of 
With silrer shone, with elephant, and gold. 
But if o*erlura*d bjr rude, uogovern'd hands. 
Or still inviolate the olive ^tands, 
'Tis thine, oh qa( en, to say, and now impart. 
If fears remain, or donbts distract j^y heart? 810 

While jet lie speaks, her powers of life decay. 
She sickens, trembles, falls, a$d faints away. 
At length reooveriog, to his arms she flew. 
And strain'd him close, as to his brewat she grew : 
The tears pour'd down amain ; and, Oh, she cries, 915 
Let not against thy S(>04se thine anger rise ! 
O versM in every turn of Immaa art, 
Forgive the weakness of a woman's heart I 
The rigbteoas powers, that mortal lots dispose, 
I>ecrce us to sustain a length of woes, fleo 

And from the flower of life the bliss deny 
To bloom together, fade away, and die. 
O let me, let me not tliiue angei move. 
That I forbore, thus, thus to speak my love ; . 
Xbas in fond kiss&a while the transport warms, S€5 
Pour out my soul, and die within thy arms ! 

I dreaded fraud I Men, faithless mm, betrsgr 

Our. easy faith, and make Uio sex the prey ; 

Against the fondness of my heart I strove, 
"nVas caution, oh, my lord ! not want of love. SJO 

Like me had Heleu fear*d, with wanton charms 

Era the fair mischief set two worlds in arms ; 

Ere Greece rose dreadful in th* avenging day ; 

Thus Ind kbc f«i»r'd, she had not gont aelray. 



30ft MS oDTttEt. Book ucnf. 

•But HMTod, •▼ena to Greece, in wnth decreed 895 

That she should veader,and thetOreeceshonld Meed: 

Blind to the ills that from injastice flow. 

She colour'd all oar wretehed liyes with woe. 

But why Uiese sorrows when my lord atiives f 

I yield, I yield i my own Ulysses lives f 

Tlie secrets of the bridal bed are known 

To thee, to. me, to Actoris alone 

(My father's present in the Spousal hour> 

The sole attendant on oar genial bower). 

Since what no eye hath seen thy tongue iwreelM, : 

Hard and distrustful as I am, I yield. 

Tottch'd to the soul the king with rapture hciars. 
Hangs round her neck, and speaks tais joy in tears. 
,JL» to tlie shipwrecked mariner, the Aeres 
Delightful rise, when angry Neptune roars ; fttfO 
Then, when the surge in thunder mounts the iky. 
And guird in crowds at once the sailors die ; 
If one more happy, while the tempest raves, 
Onttlree the tumult of conflicting waves, tM 

AH pale, with ooze deform'd, he Views Uie ttrand. 
And plunging forth with transport grasps the land: 
The ravish'd queen with equal rapture glows. 
Clasps her lov*d lord, and to his bosom grows. 
VoT bad they ended till the morning ray ; 
But FallHS backward held the rising day, S0f| 

Tlie wheels of nii^ht retarding, to dr-tain 
The gay Aurora in the wavy main ; 
'MThose flaming steeds^ emerging- through the nighl, 
.Beam o*er the eastern hills iritii streaming light.' 

At length Ulysses with a sigh replies: tOi 

Tet Fate, yet cruel Fate repose denies ; 
A labour long, and hard| remains behind ; 
By heaven above, by hell beneath enjoined : 
For, to Ilresias through th* eternal gates 
Of hell I trode, to learn my future fates. jgfn 

But end we here — the night demands reposet 
Be deck'd the conch 1 and peace awhile, my woetl 

To whom the queen. Thy word we shall obey. 
And do«k the condi; far hence be woes nwny ; 



BOWK xxta- i%z oiynssr. s^^ 

Since like^jnait gods, wbo tread tiie ttirry plains, $75- 
Restore thee sefe, since my Ulysses reigns. 
Bvt what those perils Heaven decrees^ impart; 
Knowledge may grioTe, bvt fear distracts the heart. 

To this the king. Ah, why most I disclose 
A dreadful story of approaching woes ! saa 

Why in' this iiottr of transport wound thy ears, 
When thov mnat learn whatl must sffeak with tears? 
Heaven, by the Thoban ghost, thy spouse decrees, 
Tom from tiiy arms, to s«l a length of seas ; 
Wrom realm to realm, a nation to eoeplore 285 

Who ne'er knew salt, or heard the billows roar, 
ITor saw gay vessel stem the surgy plain, 
A painted wonder, flying on the main : 
An oar my hand must bear ; a shepherd eyes 
The unknown instramenc with strange sarprise, 890 
And calls a' corn-van: this upon the plain 
I fi», and hail the monarch of the main ; 
Then bathe liis altars with the mingled gofe 
Of victims vow'd, a ram, a bull, a boar; 
Thence swift re*ssiltng to my nntive sliores» ^95* 
Due victims slay to all th' etheritil powers. 
Then Heaven decrees, in peace to end my days. 
And steal myself from life by slow decays; 
Unknown to pain, in age resign my breath, 
Wnen late stem Neptune points tiie shaft of death; 
To the dark grave retiring as to rest ; 3()1 

il{f people blessing, by my people blest. 

Such fntore scenes th* ali-righteous powers display. 
By their dread seer,* and such my future day. 

To whom thuS'flrm of soul : If ripe for death, SO^ 
And full of days, thou gently yield thy breath ; 
While Heaven a k»nd release from ills foreshows; 
Triumph, tbon happy victor of thy woes! 

But Euryclea wKh dispatchful care. 
And sage Euryiiom^, the conch prepnre: 519^* 

Instant they bid the bl»nng torch display 
Around the dome an artificial 'day; 

• Tiresias. 



> Sro TH£ ODT8SBT. BOOK XXiKf • 

Then to repose her etepa the metron bende. 

And to the queen Euryoomi de%ceDds ; 

A torch she bears, to light with guiding fires 315 

The royal pair; she guides them, and retires. 

Then in&taat his f^ir spoose Ulysses led 

To the chaste love-rites of the nuptial bed. 

And nowtiie bioomtog yontbs and sprightly £ur 
Gease the' gay dance» and to their rest repair; 320 
But in discourse tlie king and contort lay. 
While the soft hours stole unperceiv'd away ; 
Intent he hears Penelope disclose 
A mournful story of dooaestic woes, 
His servants* insults, his invaded bed, 9i5 

How his whole flocks and herds exhausted bled. 
His generous wines dishonour'd shed in. vain. 
And the wild riots of the suitor^train. 
Ttie king alternate a dire tale relates. 
Of wars, of triumpbs,.and disastrous fates; 330 

All he unfolds ; his listening spouse turns pale 
Wi A pleasing horror at the dreadful tale ; 
Sleepless devours each word; and hears how slain 
Cicons on Cicons swell th' ensanguin'd plain ; 
"' How to the land of Lote unblest he sails; S35 

And images the rills, and flowery vales I 
How dasliM like dogs his friends the Cyclops tore 
(Not unreveng'd), and quaff'd the spouting gore; 
How the loud ^torms in prison bound, he saila 
From friendly Mo\n» with prosperous sgales; 340 
Yet fate withstands ! a sudden tempest roars, ' 
And whirls him groaning from bis native shores: 
How on the barbarous Lacstrigonian coast* 
By savage hands his fleet and friends he lost; 
How scarce himself surviv'd : he paints the bower. 
The spells of Circ^, and her magic power ; H6 

His dreadful journey to the realms beneath. 
To seek Tiresias in the vales of death ; 
How in the doleful mansions he surveyed 
Bis royal mother, pale Anticlea's shade; 350 

And friends in battle slaiu, heroic ghosts ! 
Then how, unhami'd, he {««( tl^e SyreiM»atto> 



BOOK XXItl. THX OBTBBBT. «|1 

The justttDg rockt where fierce Cbarybdtt Taves> 

And howling Scylla whirls her thanderous Wftvei, 

Hie cave of death ! How his companions slay 3M 

The oxen sacred to the god of day, 

mi Jove in wrath the rdttUng tempest guides. 

And whelms th* offenders in the roaring tides : 

How struggliug thro* the surge he reach'd Uie slioras 

Of fair Ogygia, and Calypso's bowers ; 3dO 

Where tlie gay blooming nymph constrained his stay, 

With swe^'t reluctant amorbus delay ; 

And promised, uainly promis'd, to bestow 

Immortal life, exempt from age and woe : 

How savM from storms Phaeaciii*s coast he trod, 366- 

By great Alcinoiit hooonr'd as a god» 

Who gave him last his country to behold, 

With change of raiment, brass, and heaps of gold. 

He ended, sinking into sleep, and shares . 
A sweet forgetful uess of all his cares. 370 

Souo as soft slumber eas'd the toils of day, 
Minerva rushes through tli* aerial way, 
And bids Aurora with her golden wheels 
Flame from the ocean o'er the eastern hills : 
Uprose Ulysses from the genial bed, SJ!^ 

AudXhus with thought mature the monarch said- 

My queen, my consort! through a length of years 
We drank the cup of sorrow mix'd with teais ; 
Thoo, for thy lord : while me th' immoi Ul powers 
Detained reluctunt from my native shores. 380 

Now, blest again by Heaven, the queen display, 
And rule our palace with an equal sway. 
J5e it my care, by loans, or martial tolls, 
To throng my empty folds with gifts or spoils. 
But now I haste to bless- Laertes' eyes SS^ 

With sight of his Ulysses ere he dies ; 
The good old man, to wasting woes a prey, 
V/eeps a sad life in solitude away . 
But hear, though wise ! This morning shall unfold 
The deathfifl scene, on heroes heroes roll'd ; 3^9' 
Thou with tliy maids within this palace stay, 
from all the scene of toavlt far away i 



«rt niEODT90BT. BOOKXXni. 

He %pak%9 «ad sbeuh'd in uim% inceaeant Aie* 
To wftke hb son, and bid his friends arise. 
To arms ! aloud he cries: his friends obey, SQS 

"With glittering nrms their manly limbs array, 
And pass the city-gate; Ulysses leads the way. 
Now flames the rosy dawUf bat Pallas shronds 
The latent warriors in a n&l of cloods. 



T^B 



ODYSSEY. 



BOOK XXIV. 



ARGUMENT. 

. • 

The •ottU of the suiton ere conducted by Mercofy 
to the infernal shades. Ulysses in the country 
goes to the retirement of his father Iiaertes ; he 
finds him busted in his garden all alone: the 
manner of his discovery to him is beantifuUy de. 
scribed. They return together to his ledge, and 
the king is acknowledged by Dolius and the ser. 
vants. The Ithacensians, led by Eupithes, the Ae- 
ther of Antinoos, rise against Ulysses, who gives 
them battle, in which Eupithes is killed by Laertes: 
and the goddess Pallas makes a lasting peace be- 
tween Ulysses and bis subjects, which concludet 
the Odyssey. 



I 874 3 



BOOK XXIV. 

/^ YLLENIUS now to Plato's dreary reign 

^^ Conveys the dead, a lamentable train ! 

The golden wand, that causes sleep to fly. 

Or in soft sluOiber seals the wakeful eye, 

Tliat drives the ghosu to realms of night or day ; S 

Points out the long uncomfortal>le way. 

Trembling the spectres glide, and plaiativo vent 

Thin, hollow screams, along the deep desceot. 

As in the cavern of some rifted deu, 

Where flock nocturnal bats, and birds obscene ; 10 

Clustered they hang, till at some sudden shock 

They move, and murmurs run through all the rock ! 

So cowering fled the sable heaps of ghosts. 

And such a scream fiird all the dismal coasts. 

And now they reached the earth's remotest ends. It 

And now the gates where evening Sol descends, 

And Leucas* rock, and Ocean's utmost streams. 

And now pervade the dusky land of di earns. 

And rest at last, where souls unbodied dwell 

In ever-flowering meads of asphodel. SO 

The empty forms cf meu inhabit there, 

Impassive semblance, images of aii ! 

li ought else are all that shin'd on earth before ; 

Ajaz and great Achilles are no more ! 

Yet still a master-gho%|t> the rest he aw'd, 26 

Tlie rest ador'd him, towering as he trod; 

£till at his side is Nestor's son survey'd. 

And lov'd Patroclus still attends his shade. 

New as they were to that inferoal sliore. 
The suitors stopp'd, and gaz'd the hero o'er, SO 

When, moving slow, the regal form they view'd 
Of great Atrides : him in pomp pursu'd 
And solemn sadness through the gloom of hell, 
The train of those who by £gysthus fell. 

O mighty chief! (Pelides thus began) $i 

"'^nour'd by Jore above the lot of nan ! 



BOOK XXIY. THE ODTSSET. 9|f 

King of a hundred Itiogs ! to whom rMlgn'd 
The stroogest, bravMt, greatest of mankind, 
Com'st thou the first, to view this dreary stats? 
And was the noblest, the first mark of Fate ? 40 

Cqodemn'd to pay the great arrear so soon. 
The lot, which all lament, and none can shun ! 
Ob ! better hadst thoa sunk in Trojan ground. 
With all thy fulUblown honours covered round; 
Tlien grnteful Greece with streaming eyes miglit raise 
Historic marbles to record thy praise : 46 

Thy praise eternal on the faithful stone 
Had witli transmissive glories grac'd thy son. 
Bot heavier fates were destin'd to attend: 
What man is happy, till he knoWs his end? 50 

O son of Peleus ! greater than mankind I 
(Thus Agamemnon's kingly shade rejoin'd) 
Thrice happy thou, to press the martial plain 
*Midst heaps of heroes in thy quarrel slain: 
In clouds of smoke raised by the noble fray, 55 

Great and terrific ev'u in death you lay. 
And deluges of blood fiow'd round you every way. 
Nor ceas*d the strife till Jove himself opposed. 
And all in tempests' the dire evening clos'd. 
Then to the fleet we bore thy honoured load, €0 
And decent on the fuueral bed bestow'd. 
Then unguents sweet and tepid streams we shed ; 
Tears flowM from every eyf^^ and o*er the dead 
Bach dipt the curli^ honours of his head. 
Struck at the news thy aaure mother came ; 65 - 

The sea-green sisters waited on the dame : 
A voice of loud lament through all the main 
Was heard ; and terror seiz'd the Grecian train : 
Back to their ships the frighted host had fied; 
Bat Nestor spoke, they listen'd and obey'd f^ 

(From oM experience Nestor's i*t»unsel springs, 
And long vicissitudes of human things). 
•* Forbear your fiight: fair Thetis from the mun 
" To mourn Achilles leads her aAure train.** 
Around thee stand the daughters of the deep> 75 
Eobe thee in heavenly vests » and round thee weep. 



S0. TUB 0DY8§Er. BOOK XXlV, 

Roaad thae» the Mowsy ivith' ftlfteroate atraia, 

Tq ever-coasecrMtfig vene, complain. 

Each variike Greak the moviag ti»o9ic haara» 

And iron-haarted heroes male ia tears. W 

Till seventeaa nights and seventeen days retam^dr 

Ail that vas mortal or immortal mournM. 

To flamaa we g)ive thee, the succeeding day, ' 

And fatted sheep, and sable oxen slay ; 

With oils and honey blaae th' augmented fires, 89" 

And, like a god adorn'd, thy ea^hly part expires. 

Unnumber'di warriors round the burning pile 

Urge the fleet courser's cr the racer's toil j 

Thick clouds of dust o*er all the circle rise, 

And the mix'd clamour thunders in the skiea. 90 

Soon as absorpt in all embracing flame 

Sunk witat V8» mortal of thy mighty name. 

We then c»)lect thy snowy bones, and place 

With wities and unguents in a golden vase 

(The vase to TheUs BMCcbns gave of old, Qtf 

And Vulcan's art enriched the sculptor'd gold). 

There, we thy relics, great Achilles I blend 

With d«ar Patroclus, thy departed friend: 

In the same urn a separate space contalna ' 

Thy next belov'd, Antilochus' remains. 1€0 

Kow all the sons of warlike Greece snrroand 

Thy destined tomb, and east a mighty monnd : 

High en tlie shore the growing hitl we raise. 

That wide tU' (extended Hellespont surveys; 

Where all, from age to age who pass the coast, > 105 

May point Achilles' tomb, and hail the mighty gboatk 

Thetis herself to all our peers proclaims 

Heroic prises and exequial games; 

The gods aasooted ; and around theo lay 

Rich spoils and gifts that blaa*d against the day. 110 

Oft have I seen with solemn fQner<il games 

Heroes and kings committed Co the flames ; 

But strefgtli of youth, or valour of the brave» 

With nobler contest ne'er renew n'd a grave. 

Such weie the games by aaure Thetis given, J IS 

And such thy honours, oh belov'd of Hearea ! 



BOOK XXIV. im ODYSSEY. 97T 

J>ear to mankind thy fiune sarvives, nor tmd» 
Its bloom eternal in the Stygian shades. 
But vrh^t to me avail my honours gone, 
Baccessful toilii^ and battles bravely won { 180 

I>oona*d by stern Jove at home to end my life. 
By curst iEgystfaas, and a faithless wife ! 

Thus tbey : while Hermes o'er the dreary plain 
Jjed the sad numbers by Ulysses slain. 
On each majestic form they cast a view, 1^ 

And timorous pass'd; and awfully withdrew. 
But Agamemnon, through the gloomy shade. 
His ancient host Amphimedon survey 'd ; 
Son of MelantUus ! (he began) O say ! 
What cause compell'd so many, and so gay, 130 
To tread the downward, melancholy way ? 
Say, conld one city yield a troop so fairf 
Were all tiiese partners of one native air i 
Or did the rage of stormy Neptune sweep 
Your lives at once, and whelm beneath the deep ? 135 
Did nightly thieves, or pirates* cruel bands. 
Drench with your blood your piUag'd country's 

" sands ? 
Or well-defending some belea'xuer'd wall. 
Say, for the public did ye greatly fall ? 
Inform thy guest: for such 1 was of yore 140 

When our tiiumphant navies touch'd your shore; 
.Forc'd a long month the wintry seas to bear, 
To move the great Ulyssei to the war, 

O king of men ! I faithful shall relate 
(Reply'd Amphimedon) our hapless fate. 14S 

Ulysses absent, our ambitious aim 
With rival loves pursued his royal dame; 
Her coy reserve, and prudence mixt with pride. 
Our common suit nor granted, nor deny'd ; 
But close with inward hate our deaths designed ; 150 
YersM in all arts of wily womankind. 
Her band, laborious, in delusion. spread 
A spacious loom, and mixt the various thread ; 
Ye peers (she cried) who press to gain my heart, 
Wlitrt d«ad Vlyssw claims no more a part, 198 



SyS THE ODT88BT. BOOK XXIV. 

Tet a short sp«ce your rival suit saa^ndy 

Till this fuaeraal iveb my laboara end: 

Cease, till to gwid Laertes I bequeath 

A task of grief, fais omamefits of death : 

Lest. vheQ the Fates his royal ashes claim, l6o 

The Grecian natrons taint my spotless faaie; 

Should he, long honour'd with supreme command, 

Want the last 4uties of a daughter's hand. 

The fiction pleased, our generous train complies, 
Nor fraud mistrusts in virtue's f«ir disguise. 1^ 
The work she ply'd, hut studiqus of delay, 
^ch following night rever»*d the tolls of day. 
Unheard, unseen, three years her arts prevail ; 
Tlie fourth, her maid rereal'd th* umaaing tale. 
And show'd, as unpercoi\''d we took our stand, 17^ 
The backward labours of her faithless hand. 
Forc'd, she completes it; and before us lay 
The mingled web, whose gold and silver ray 
Displayed the radiance of the night and day. 

Just as she finisb'd her illustrious toil, 17 J 

Ill-fortune led Ulysses to our isle* 
Far in a lonely nook, beside the sea. 
At an old swiue-herd*s rural lodge he lay : 
Thither his son from smndy Pyle repairs. 
And speedy lands, and secretly confsrs. 110 

They plan our future ruin^ and resort 
Confederate to the city and the court. 
First came the son ; the father next suceeeds. 
Clad like a beggar, whom Eumaeus leads : 
Propp'd on a suff, deform'd with ag« and care, 189 
And bung with rags that flutter'd in the air. 
Who could Ulysses in that form behold f 
Scom'd by the young, fioi^otten by the otdp 
Ill-usM by all i .to every wrong resignM. 
Patient he suffer'd with a constant mind. IfO 

But when, arising in his wraUt t* obey 
The will of Jove, he gave the veageanr« way: 
The scatterM arms thai hun^ around the dmue 
Cvreful he treasured in a private room : 



900K ZXIT. THE ODTSSBT. n$ 

Then to her tnitort bade hit queeo propose 195 

The archer** strife, the tource of future woes, 
And omen of opr death ! la vain we drew 
The twanging string, and try'd the stubborn yew: 
To none it yields but great Ulysses' hands ; 
In Tain we threat } Telemachus commands: 200 

The bow he snatch'd, and in an instant bont; 
Through evt^ry ring the victor arrow went. 
Fierce on the tlireshold then in arms be stood; 
PourM forth the darts that thirsted for our blood. 
And frown'd before us, dreadful as a god ! C05 

First bleeds Antinouit : thick the shafts resound ; 
And heaps on heaps the wretches strew the ground ; 
This way, and that, we turn, we fly, we M\; 
Some god assisted, and unmanned us all t 
I-s^noble cries preeede the dying groans; 810 

And batter'd brains and blood besmear the stones. 

Thus, great Alrides; thus Olysses drove 
The shades thou seest, from yon fair realms above. 
Oaf mangled bodies now deform'd with gore. 
Cold and neglected, spread the marble floor. iiH 
No ftiend to bathe our wounds ! or tears to shed 
0*er the pale corse I the honours of the dead. 

Oh blest Ulysses I (thos the king expre»t 
His sudden rapture) in thy eonsorc blest i. 
Not more thy wisdom than her virtue shin'd ; 990 
Not more thy patience than her constant mind. 
Tcarius* daughter, glory of the past. 
And model to the future age, shall Ifst : 
The gods, to honour her fair fame shall raise 
(Their great reward) a poet in her praise. £89 

Not such, oh I'yndarus'l thy dattfihter^s deed, 
By whose dire hand her kiog and husband bled ; 
Her shall the Muse to infamy prolong, 
Sxample dread ; and theme of tragic song I 
The general sex shall suffer in her shame, CSO 

And ev*n the best that bears a woman's name. 

Thus in the regions of eternal shade 
Conferred the aioanifol phuitoms of the dead* 



:I60 THE ODTSSEir. BOOK XXTf. 

'While from the town Ulysses, and his band. 
Past to Laertes* cultivated land. S3S 

The ground himself had purchas'd with his pain. 
And labour made the iugge«l soil a plain. 
There stood his mansion of the rural sort. 
With useful buildings round thelowiy court; 
Where the few servants that divide his caxe S40 

Took their laborious rest, and homely fare*) 
And one Sicilian matron, old and sage, 
With constant duty tends his drooping age. 

Here now arriving, to his rustic band 
And martial son, Ulysses gave command. S45 

Enter the house, and of the bristly swine 
Select the largest to the powers divine. 
Alone, knd unattended, let me try 
If yet i share the old man's memory: 
If those dim eyes can ^'et Ulysses- know i5<l 

(Their light and dearest object long ago), 
Kow changed with time, with absence, and with woe. 
Then to his train he gives his spear and shield ; 
The house they enter; and he seeks the field, 
Tliro' rows of shade with various fruitage crowned. 
And labourM scenes of richest verdure round. SSt 
Nor aged Dolius, nor his sons were there, 
Kor servants, absent on another care ; 
To search the woods for sets of flowery thorn. 
Their orchard bounds to strengthen and adorn. ^ 

But all ^one the hoary king he found ; 
His habit coarse, but warmly wrapt around; 
His head, that bow*d with many a pensi/e care, 
Fenc'd with a double cap of goatskin hair: 
His buskins old, in former servite torn, t6i 

But well repair'tl ; and gloves against the thorn. 
In this array the kingly gardener stood. 
And clear'd a plant, encumber*d with its wood. 
' Beneath a neighbouring tree, the chief divine 
Oaz*d o'er his sire, retracing every line, fl$ 

The ruins of himself ! now worn a^ay ' 
With age, yet atitl majestic in decay 1 



BOOK XXIV. THE ODTSSET. »%■ 

Sadden his cjes reieas*d their watery store; 

TiM much-enduring man could bear no more* 

Doubtful he stood, if instant to embrace 2t5 

His aged limbs, to kiss his reverend face, 

With eager transport to disclose the whole. 

And pour at once the torrent of his soul.— 

Wot so : his judgment takes the winding way 

Of qaestion distaut, and of soft essay ; 28^ 

More gentle methods on weak age employs: 

And moves Uie sorrows, to enhance the joys. 

Tbeo, to bis sire with beating heart he moves,, 

And with a tender pleasantry reproves ; 

Who digging round the plant still hangs his head, 285 

Nor aught remits ihe work, while thus he said. 

Great is thy 8kill> oh fatlier I great thy toil. 
Thy careful hand is stampt on all the soil. 
Thy squadron'd vineyards well thy art declare. 
The olive green, blue fig, and pendent pear ; S0O 
And not one empty spot escapes thy care. 
On 0^erv plant and tree Uiy cares are shown, 
Nothing^glected, but thyself alone. 
ForjkveiBi^ fsUier, if this fault I blame; 
Asft.so adfianc'dmay some indulgence claim* SQS 
Notifor tw sloth, I deem thy lord unkind: 
19or apeal^thy form a mean or servile mind ; 
I read a monarch in that princely air. 
The same thy aspect, if the same thy care; 
Soft sleep, fair garments, and the joys of wioe^ 500 
These are the rights of age, and should be thine. 
Who tlien thy master, say i and whose the land 
So dress'd and manag'd by thy skilful hand i , 
But chief, oh tell me ! (what I question most) 
Is this the far-fam'd Itliacensian coast? 30S 

For so reported the first man I viewed 
(Some surly islander, of manners rnde), 
Nor farther conference voucbsafd to stay; 
Heedless he whistled, and pursued his way. 
But thou, whom years have taught to understaody 

Humanely hear, and answer m| demand < 3U 



ant TfifB ODYSSEY. BOOK XXIT. 

A friend I seek, a wise one and a brav6. 

Say, live* he yet, or moulders in the grave ? 

lime -was (my fortunes then were at the best) 

When at my house I lodg'd this foreign guest ; S15 

He said, from Ithaca^s fair isle he came. 

And old Laertes was his fiither*s name. 

To him, irhate%-er to a guest is owM 

I paid, and hospitable giRs bestowM: 

To him seven talents of pure ore 1 told, 320 

Twelve cloaks, twelve vests, twelve tuuics stiff with 

gold; 
A bowl, that rich with polish'd silver flames. 
And, skill'd in female works, four lovely dames* 

At this the father, with a father's fears 
(His venerable eyes bedimm'd with team). 3t5 

lliis is the land ; but ah ! thy giffa are lost. 
For godless men, and rude, possess the coast: 
Sunk is the glory of this once-fam'd shore! 
Thy ancient friend, oh stranger, is no mote! 
Full recompence thy bounty else had borne ; S30 
For every good man yields a just return: 
So civil rights demand; and who begins 
The track of friendship, not pursuing, sins. 
But tell me, stranger, be the truth coiifest, 3W 

What years have circled since thou saw'st that guest? 
That hapless guest, alas ! for ever gone ! 
Wretch thi^t he was ! and jthat I am \ my sou ! 
If ever man to misery was born, 
*Twas his to suffer and 'tis mine to mourn ! 
Far from h s frjends, and fiom his native reisn, S4& 
He lies a pifey to monsters of the main. 
Or savage beasts his mangled relics tear, 
Or screaming vultures scatter thiough the air: 
JioT could his-mother funeral unguents shed ; 
Uor wail'd his father o'er th* untim*-ly dead; 3W 
Nor his sad consort, on the mournful bier, 
Seal'd his- cold eyes, or dropp*d a tender tear ! 

But, tell me who thou art? and what thy race? 
Thy town, thy parents, and thy native place? 



3.0aS 2X1T. THB ODYSSBT.^ 9tt 

Or, if a nerebuit ia ponuit of gain, UO 

What port raoeiv'd thy vaftael fron the uaio ? 
Or com'st tliou single, ur attend thy train i 

Then thus tba fton. From Alybaa I cane, 
M J palace tliere ; Eperitns my name. 
Kot vulgar bom; from Aphidas, the king 3M 

Of Folypbeaon's royal liue, I spring, / 
Some adverse damoo from Sicania bore 
Our. -wandering couran, and drove wa on your shore ; 
Far from the town, an unfreqoented bay 
Relieved our w^uried. vessel from the sea. d60 

Five years have circled since these eyes pursu'd 
Ulysses parting through the sable flood; 
Prosperous he sail'd, with dexter auguries. 
And all the wiag'd good omens of the skies. 
Well hop*^ we, then, to meet on this fair shore, 965 
Whom Heaven, alas I decreed to meet no more. 

Quick through the lather's heart these accents ran; 
Grief seis'd at once, and wrapt up all the man: 
Deep from his soul he sigh'd, and sorri^wing spread 
A cloud of ashes on his hoary head. S70 

TrembliSg with agonies of strong delight 
Stood the great son, heartoWouDded with the sight : 
He ran, he seia'd him with a strict embrace. 
With thousand kisses wander'd o'er his ftwse. 
I. I am be ; oh father, rise ! behold 375 

' Thy son, with twenty winters now grown old | 
Thy son, so loug desir'd, so Ions detain'd. 
Restored, and breathing in his natiVe land ; 
These floods of sorrow, oh my sire restrain! 
The vengeance is complete ; the suitor-tvaio, S8ft 
Stretch'd in our palace, by these hands lie^ilain. 

Amaa'd, Laertes. " Give some certain sign 
** (If snch thou art) to rosnifest thcte mine." 
Lo here the wound (he cries) receiv'd of yore, 
The scar indented by the tusky boar, 3Uk 

When, t^ thyself, and by Anticleu sent. 
To old Autolycns's realms I went. 
Yet by another sign thy offspricg kuow ; 
The several trees you gave mo long ago, S9i> 



ai# TUB OBTBSET. BOOK XXTT. 

While, yet a child, thne fields I lov'd to tnee» 
And trod'tliy footsteps vith vneqoal pace; 
To every plent in order as ve came^ 
Wel)-ple»s'd» you told its nstnre mnd its name, 
Wfaate'er my childish fancy ask'd, 4>estow*d ; SQi 
Twelve pear-trees boviag with their pendent load. 
And teD, ttiat red with bloshiog apples glowM ; 
Full fifty par pie figs ; and many a row- 
Of various vines that tlien began to blow, 
A future vintage t when the Hours produce 
TfaMT latent buds, and Sol exalts the jaice. 4m 

Smit with, the sighs which all his doobts explain. 
His heart within him melts ; his knees sustain 
Their feeble weight no more: his arms alone 
Support him, round the lov'd Ulysses thrown ; 
He faints, he sinks, with mighty joys opprMt: 40S 
Ulysses -clasps him to his eager breast. 
Soon as returning life regains its seat» 
And his breath lengUiens, and his pulses beat ; 
Yes, i believe (he cries) almighty Jove I 
Heaven rules us yet» and gods there are above. 410 
ms so— the suitors for their wrongs have paid^ 
But what shall guard us, if tiie town invade? 
If, while the news through avery city flies. 
All Ithaca and Ceplialenia rise? 

To this Ulysses : As the gods shall please 415 
Be all the rest; and set thy soul at ease. 
Haste to the cottage by this orchard's side. 
And take the banqhet which our cares provide : 
There wut thy faithful band of rural friends. 
And there the yonng Telemacfaus attenda. 400. 

- Thus having eaid, they trac'd the garden o*ei. 
And stoopiog enter'd at the lowly door. 
Tba swains and young Telemacfaus they found, 
Tiie victim portioned, and the goblet crown*d. 
The hoary king, his old Sicilian maid 4tf 

Perfum'd and washed, and gorg^nsly array'd* 
Pallas attending gives his frame to shine 
With awful port, and majesty divine ; 



B€K)K XXnr. THB ODTSSBT. ' S^ 

His gaaing son admires the godlike gntce. 
And air celestini dawniug o>r his face. 4S(r 

•What god, he cry*d, ray fiitber's form improres ? 
How high he treads, add how eDlarg'd he moves t 

Oh ! wonid to ail the deathless powers on high, ' 
Pallas and Jove, and him who gilds the sky ! 
(ReplyM the king elated with his praise) 435' 

If y strength were still, as once in bettf^r days : 
When the bold Cephaleas the leaguer form'd. 
And frond Nericus trembled as 1 stormM. 
Sneh were I now, not absent from your deed 
When the last sun beheld the suitors bleed, 4(0 
This arm had aided yours, this hand bestrown 
Our shores with death, and«push*d the slaughter on* 
Nor had the sire been separate from the son. 

They commun'd thus ; while homeward bent their 
way 
The swains, fatiguM with labours of the day : 44) 
Dolins the first, the venerable man ; 
And next his sons, a long succeeding train. 
For due rejection to the bower they came, 
Caird by the careful old Sicilian dame, 449 

Who nurs*d the children, and now tends the sire • 
They see thetr lord, they gaae, and they admire. * 
On chairs- and beds in order seated round, 
They share the gladsome board; the roofs resound, 
While thus Ulysses to his ancient friend : 
♦• Forbear your wonder, and the fea^t attend; 455 
«• The rites have waited long." The chief commands 
Their loves in vain ; old Dolius Spreads his hands, 
Springs to his master with a warm embrace. 
And fastens kisses on his hands and face ; 
Then thus broke out? Oh long, oh daily moum*d! 
Beyond our hopes, aind to o#r wish returnM ! 46I 
Conducted sure by Heaven ! for Heaven alone 
Coald work this wonder : welcome to thy own I 
And joys and happiness attend thy throne ! 
Who knows thy Ue<t, thy wish'd return ? oh say, 46S 
To the chaste queen sliaU we the news convey f 
Or hears she» and willi blessings load the day? 

& 



S8S %TB£ O0TfiS£T. BOOK XXIY. 

DisBiiss thftt clure, for W the cp;»l br)<ie 
Already |s it kuown, (the king reply'^i, 4^ 

And smUgbt resumed bia seat); wMie round hiin Uo ws 
EacV faithful youth, and brea^ea owt ardcat vovb: 
Then all beneath their father take their place, 
RankM by their age», and the banquet giaoe. 

Now flying Fame the svift report had spread 
Through aU the city, of the suitors dead. 475 

In throngs they rise, and to the palace {;rowd; 
Their sighs were many, and the tumult lottd« 
Weeping they bear the mangled heaps of slain. 
Inhume the natives in their native plain. 
The rest in ships are wafted o*er the main, 480 

Then sad in council all the seniors sata, 
Trequent and full, assembled to debate* 
Amid the circle first £upithes rose, 
Big W&5 bis eye with tears, bis heart with woes : 
The bold Antinous was his age's pride, M9 

The first who by Ulysses' arrow died. 
Down bis wan cheek the trickling torrent ran. 
As mixing words with sighs, he thus began. 

Great deeds, oh friends ! this wondrous man bt» 
wro.nght, 
And mighty blessings to his country brought ! 490 
"With ships he parted, and a numerous train. 
Those, and their ships, be bury'd in tlie main. 
Kow he returns, and first essays his liaod 
In the best blood of all his .native land. 
Haste then, and ere to neighbouriag Pyle he flios. 
Or sacred Elis, to procure supplies ; 496 

Arise (or ye for ^ver fall), ariM I 
Shame to this age, and all that shall sucoeedl 
If unreveng'd your sons and brothers bleed. 
Prove that we live, by ve^geaoee on his head, dOQ 
Or sink at once forgotten with the dead. 

Here ceas'd he, but indignant tears let fall 
Spoke when he ceasM; dumb sorrow touched them nil. 
When from the palace to the wonderto^ throng 
Sage lled9B came, and IHiemiu^ came along MS 



BOOK JEXIT. TUB ODTaUT. m 

(Restless mud early sleep's soft baadB Ubey brake); 
Attd Medon first th' asseaiUed ebiefs bespoke^ 

Hear me, ye peers and elders of tte land. 
Who deem this act the work of mortal hand ; 
As o'er the heapeof death Ulysses strode, 910 

These eyee^ these eyes beheld a present go<^ 
Who BOW before him, now beside him stood, 
Bavghtashe fought, and mark'dhis way witih Uood : 
In vain old Idenlor's form the god bely'd; 
'Twas Heaven that struck, and Heaven was on his 
side. 913 

A sudden horror all th' assembly shook, 
When slowly riiing; Halithcrses spoke 
(Reverend and wise, whose comptiriiensive view 
At once the present and the future know) : 
lie too, ye fathers, hearl from you proceed 900 
Tile iUt ye moom ; your own the guilty deed, 
f e' gave your sons, your lawless sons the rein 
(Oft wam'd by Mentor and myself in vain); 
An absent hero's bed tliey sought to soil, 
An absent hero's wealth they made their spoil ; 999 
Immoderate riot, and intemperate lost i 
Th' offence was great, the punishment was just. 
Weigh then my counsels in an equal scale, 
Kor rash to ruio. Justice will prevail. 999 

His moderate words some better minds persuade : 
They part, and join him; but the number suyM. 
Hiey storm, they shoot, with hasty phrenay fir'd. 
And second all Eupithrs' rage inspii^d. 
They case their limbs in brasa; to arms they run ; 
The broad effulgence biases in the sun. 935 

Before the city, aad^in ample plaib, 
"^ey meet: Eupithes heads the fraatic ^ain. 
Fierce for his son, he breathes his threats in air ; 
Fate hears them not, and Death attends liim Uiere. 
This pass'd on earth, while in the realms above 940 
Minerva thus to cloud-compelling Jove. 
May I presume to search tlty secret soul i 
Ob Fower supreme, oh Ruler of the whole I 



/I 



368 THE OBTSSSlr. BOOK XZIfU 

Say, hast thou dooDi*d to this divided state 

Or peaceful amity, or stern debate ? £40 

Declare thy purpose, for thy will is fate. 

Is not thy thought my own ? (t!ie god replies 
Who rolls tlie thunder o'er the vaulted skies) ; 
Hath not long since, thy knowing soul decreed, 
'The chiefs retmrn should make the guilty bleed ? 
*Tis done, and at thy will the Fates succeed. Ml 
Yet hear the Issae ; since Ulysses* hand 
Has slain Uie suitors. Heaven shall bless the land. 
None now the kindred of th' unjnst shall .own ; 
Forgot the; slaughtered brother and the son : 5M 
Each future day increase of wealth shall bring. 
And o'er tlie past Oblivion stretch her wing. 
Long shall Ulysses in his empire rest. 
His people blessiAig, by his people blest. 
Let all be peace ' He s^id, and gave the nqji 560 
That binds the Fates ', the sanction of the god : 
And, prompt to execute th' eternal will. 
Descended Pallas from th' Olympian hill. 
. Now sat Ulysses at the rural feast. 
The rage of hunger and of thirst represt : 565 

To watch the foe a trusty spy be sent : 
A son of Polius on the message went. 
Stood in the way, and at a glance behead 
The foe approach, embattled on the field. 
With backward step he hastens to tlie bower, 570 
And tells tlie news. They arm wUh all their power* 
Four frienda alone Ulysses' cause embrace* 
And six were all the sons of Dolius' race : 
Old Dolius tqo his rusted arms put on; 
, And, still more old, in arms Laertes shone. 575 

Trembling with warmth, tlic hoiry heroes stand. 
And brazen panoply invests tlie band. 
Tbe opening gates at once tlieir war display : 
Fierce they rush forth : Ulysses leads the way. 
That moment joins tbem with celestial aid, 580 

In Mentors form, the Jove-descended maidt 
The suffering he^o felt bis patient breast . 
Swell with new joy, and thus his son addrest. 



900K XXIV. THE ODTSSET. afi|| 

Behold, Telemachns! (nor ftar the sight), 
Hie brave embattled, the grim front of fight i 105 
The valiant with the valiant most contend : 
Shame not Ihe line whence giorioos you deacend, . 
"Wide o'er the world their martial fame was spread ; 
Regard thyself, tlie living, and the dead. 

Thy eyes, great fother ! on tliis battle cast, 590 
Shall learn from me Penelope was chaste. 

So spoke Telemachus ! the gallant boy / 

Good old Laertes heard with panting joy; 
And bleat! thrice blest this hkppy day ! he cries. 
The day tliat shows me, ere X close my eyes, 595 
A son and grandson of th* Arcesian name 
Strive for fair virtue, and contest for fame ! 

Then thus Minerva in Laertes' ear : 
Son of Arcesius, reverend warrior, hear ! 
Jove and Jove's daughter first impl6re in prayer, 600 
Then, whirling high, discharge thy lance in air. 
She said, infusing courage with the word. 
Jove and Jove's daughter then the chief implor'd. 
And, whirling high, dismissed the lance in air. 
Full at Eupithes drove the deathful spear : 60f 
The brass-cheek'd helmet opens to the wound ; 
He fitlls, earth thunders, and hia arins resound. 

Before the father and the conquering son 
Heaps rush on heaps, they fight, they drop, they run. 
Vow by the sword, and now the javelin fall 6lO 
The rebel race, and death had swallow'd all ; 
But from on high the blue-ey'd virgin cry*d ; 
Her awful voice detain'd the headlong tide. 
'< Forbear, ye nations, your mad hands forbear 
" From mutual slaughter ; Peace descends to spare." 
Fear shook the nations : at the voice divine 6x6 
They drop their javelins, and their rage resign. 
All scattered round their glittering weapons lie; 
Some fall to earth, and some coufus'dly fly. ^ 
'Witli dreadful shouts Ulysses pour'd along, ^ 680 
Swift as an eagle, as an eagle stiong. 
Bat Jove's red arm the burning thunder aims; 
Before Minerva shot Che livid ftanee; 



agd TUB ODTSSBT. BOOK XXIT« 

Blazing they M1,'B1mI »t her feet expii'd ; 

Then stopt the goddess, trembled, and retlr'd. 685 

Descended from the gods ! Ulysses, cewe; 
Offend not Jore : obey, and gire die peace. 

So Fallas spoke: the mandate from above 
The king obeyed. The ▼irgia.seed of Jore, 
In Mentor's Ibrm eonflnn'd the foil aoeord, 030 
'* And wilUag nations knew their lawful lord.** 



EK D OF THE ODTSftET. 



POSTSCRIPT. 



fir MR, POPE. 



T CAHrSfyr dismiss tilts work witBoat a few ob* 
"*• senrations on the character and style of it. Who- 
ever reads the Odyssej with an eye to the Iliad, 
expecting to find it of the same character, or of 
the same sort of spirit, will be grievously deceived) 
and err against the first principle of criticism, which 
Is, to consider the nature of the piece, and the in- 
tent of its ^nthor. The Odyssey is a moral and po- 
litical work, Instructive to all degrees of men, and 
filled with images, examples, and precepts of civil 
and domestic life. Homer is here a person, 

" Qui didieit, patrias quid d^>eat, & quid amicis, 
" Quo sit amorc parens, quo frater amandus,&hospes« 
«< Qui quid sit pulchram, quid turpe, quid utile, quid 

••"Hon, 
*' Plenlos & meliis Chrysippo 8c Crantore dlcit.'* 

The Odyssey Is the reverse of the Tliad, in moral, 
subject, manner, and style ; to which it has no sort 
of relaClOB, but as the story happens to follow in or* 
der of time, and as some of the same persons arc 
actors in it. Yet fi'om this incidental connection 
many have been misled to regard it as a continuation 
or secoiKd pa|rt, and thence to expect a parity of cba> 
racter inconsistent with Its nature. ■ 

It il no wonder that the common reader should 



39S POSTSCRIPT. 

fall into this mistake, 'when 90 great a critic as 
tinus seems not wholl; iree from it; althougb what 
be has said has been generally understood to import 
'a severer censure of the Odyssey than it really do«s» 
if we consider the occasion on which it is introduced. 
and the circumstances to which it is confined. 

** The Odyssey (says he) is an instance how n*. 
'* tural it is to a great genius, when it begins to grov 
** old and decline, to delight itself in narratioaa aad 
** fables. For that Homer composed the Odyssey after 
— tiie Iliad, many proofs inay be given* Sec, From 
** bence, in my judgment, it proceeds, that as the 
«« Iliad was written while his spirit was in its greatest 
•* vigoar, the -whole structure of that work, is drama- 
•' tic and full of action ; whereas the greater 4>arC 
" of the Odyssey is employed in narration, which, is 
** the taste of old age : so that in this latter piece wa 
** may compare him to the setting sua, which bat 
** still the same greatness, but not the same ardour, 
•* or force. He" speaks not iu the same strain; we 
•* see no more that subliine of the I Had, which marches 
f'on with a constant pace, without ever being 
'* stopped or retarded : there appears no more that 
'* hurry, and tliat strong tide of motions and passions, 
"* pouring one after another : there is no more the 
•* same fury, or the same vol ubility of diction, so salt* 
•* able to action, and all along drawing in suck io» 
«' numerable images of nature. But Homer, like tL« 
*' ocean, is always great, even when he ebbs and 
*' retires ; even when he is lowest, and loses himseU 
<* most in narrations and incredible fictions: as ix^ 
'* stances of this, we cannot forget the descriptions 
" of tempests, the adventures of Ulysses with the 
'* Cyclops, and m<tny others. But, though all this 
*' be age, it is the age of Homer — And it may be said 
** for the credit of these fictions, that they are bean* 
«' tifol dreams, or if you will, tlie dreams of Jupiter 
** hiniself. I spoke of the Odyssey only to show, 
" that the greatest poets, when their |bnias wants 
* strength and warmth for Uie patlietic, for the most 



POSTSCEIPT. 39s 

** part employ tbemMlvet in paintiiif th« ma&Mn* 
** This Homer has done in cbaracteiising the suitors, 
" sod describing their way of life; which is properly 
*< a branch of comedy, whose peculiar business it is 
" to represent the manners of men.** 

We must first observe, it is the sublime of vhicb 
Longinos is writing: that, aud not the nature ef 
Homer's poem, is his subject. After having highly 
extolled the sublimity and fire of the Iliad, he justly 
obsenres the Odyssey to have less of those qualities, 
and to turn more on tlie side of moral, and reflections 
on htiman life. Nor is it hts business here to deter- 
mine, whether the elcv&ted spirit of the one, or the 
just moral of the oUier, be the greater excellence iu 
itself. 

Secondly, that fire and fury of which he is speak* 
ing, cannot well be meant of the general spirit anil 
inspiration which. i» to run through a whole epic 
poem, but of that particular warmth aUd impetuo* 
sity necessary iu some parts, to image or represent 
actions or passions, of baste, tumult, and violence. 
H la on occasion of citing some such particular pa8« 
sages in Homer, that Longinus breaks into tliis re- 
flection; whicit seems to determine his meaning 
chiefly to that sense. 

Upon the whole, he affirms the Odyssey to have 
less sublimity and fire than tlie Iliad, but he does 
not say it wants tlie sublime, or wants fire. lie af* 
firms it to Iks narrative, but uot that the narratioi# 
is defective. He afl&rms it to abound in fictions, nod 
that those fictions are ill invented, or ill executed. 
He aflirms it to be nice and parCicular in painting 
the manners, but not that those mimnrrs are ill 
painted. If Homer has fully in these points accom> 
pHshed his own design, and done all that the natorer 
of his poem demanded or allowed, it still remains 
' perfect in its kind, and as much a masterpiece as 
the Iliad. 

The amount of tlie passage is this ; that in his own 
particular taste, and with respect to tlio sublime^ 

R3 



304 POSTSCRIFT. 

LoDginus preferred Uie Iliad : and because the Od ys* 
sey was less active^and loft^r, he judged it the work 
of the old age of Homer. 

If this opinion be true, it will only prove, that 
Homer's age might determine him in Uie choice of 
his subject, not that it affected him in t]ie execution 
of it ; and that which would be a very w-r6ng in- 
stance to prqve the decay of liis imagination, is a 
very good one to evince the strength of his judgment* 
For had he (as Madam Dacier observes) composed 
the Odyssey in his youth, and the Iliad in his age, 
koth must in reason have been .exactly the same as 
they now stand. To blame Homer for his choice of 
such a subject, as did not admit the same incidents 
and the same pomp of style as his former, is to take 
offence at too much variety, and to imagine, that 
when a man has written one good tiling, be most 
ever after only copy himself. 

The Battle of Coustantine, and the School of 
Athens, are both pieces of Raphael : shall we cen- 
sure the School of Athens as faulty, because it has 
aot the fury and fire of the otlter? or shall we say 
tliat Raphael was grown grave and old, because he 
chose to repiescnt the manners of old men and phi« 
fosophers i There is all the silence, tranquillity, and 
composure in the one,-and all the warmth, hurry, 
and tumult in the other, which the subject of either 
required : both of them had been imperfect, if they 
had not been as they are. And let the painter or 
poet be young or old, who designs or performs in 
this manner, it proves him to have made the piece 
at a time of life when he was master not only of his 
art, but of his discretion. 

Aristotle makes uo such distinction between the 
two poems : he constantly cites them with equal 
praise, and draws the rules and examples of epic 
writing equally front both. But it is ruther to the 
Odyssey that Horace gives the preference, in the 
Epistle to Lollius, and in the Art of Poetry. It is 
remarkable how opposite his opinion b to ;hat ei 



FOSTSCRIFT. 305 

LoBg&nat; and that the particulars he chooses to ex^' 
tol, are tiiose very fictions, and pictures of the aaa&- 
ners, which the other seems least to approve. Those 
fables and nfainners are of the very esseuce of the 
work : but even without that regard, the fables them- 
selves have botli more invention and more instruct 
tion. and the manners more moral and example 
than those of the Iliad . 

In some points (and those the mo>t essential to 
tlie epic poem) the Odyssey is confessed to excel 
the Iliad ; and principally in the great end of it, 
the moral. The conduct, turn, and disposition of 
the fable is also what the critics allow to be tlie 
better model for epic writers to follow; accord- 
ingly we find much more of the cast of this poem 
than of the other in the £neid, and (what next to 
that is perhaps tlie greatest example) in the Tele^ 
machas. lu^ the manners it is no way inferior* 
Longinus U so far from finding any defect in these, 
tiiat he ratlier taxes Homer with painting them too 
minutely. As to the narrations, although they are 
more numerous as the occasions are more frequent, 
yet they carry no more the marks of old age, and 
are neitlier more prolix, nor more circumstantial, 
than the conversations and dialogues of the Iliad* 
Not to mention the length of those of Phoenix in the 
ninth book, and of Nestor in the eleventh (which 
may be tliought in compliance to their characters), 
those -of Glaucus in the sixth, of £neas in the twen^ 
tietb, and some .others, must be allowed to exceed 
any in the whole Odyssey. . And that the propriety 
of style, and the numbei s, in the narrations of each- 
are equal, will appear to any who compare them. 

To form a right judgment, whether the genius of 
Homer had suffered any decay ; we must consider, 
in botii his poems, such parts as are of a similar 
nature, and will bear comparisno. And it is certain 
we shall find in each the same vivacity and fecundity 
of invention, the same life and strength of imaging, 
and colouring, the particular descriptions as highl> 



agG POSTSCRIPT. 

painted, the figures as bold, ihe metaphora •• m^ 
nAted) a&d the numbers as harmonioas, aod as 
various. 

The Odyssey is.a perpetual source of po«txy : the 
stream is not the less hiU for being gentle ; Uw«cb 
it Is true (whea we speak only vith regard to UkU 
sublbae) that a river, foaming and thundering is 
cataracts from rocks and pre^upices, is vhnt naore 
strikes, amaaes, and fills the nund, thaii Hie s«nie 
body of water, flowing aflerwarda through pcaoefnl 
rales and agreeable scenes of pasturage. 
' Hm Odyssey (as I have before said) ought to he 
considered according to Its own nature and deaign^ 
not with an eye to the Iliad. To cenaure Homer, 
because it is unlike what it was never meant to re> 
aemble, is as if a gardener, who had purposely cnl« 
tivated two beautiful trees of contrary natures* aa s 
speddkes of his skill in the several kinds, should he 
blamed for not bringing them into pairs ; when in 
root, stem, leaf, and flower, each was so eatirBlx 
different, that one must have been spoiled in the 
endeavour to match the other. 

Iionginus, who saw this poem was " partly of the 
*' nature of comedy,*' ought not, for that very rae- 
son, to have considered it with a view to the Iliad. 
How little any such resemblance was the intantiea 
of Homer, may appear from hence, that, althongk 
the character of Ulysses was tiiere already drawn, 
yet here he purposely turns to another side of it, and 
shows him not in that full light of glory, but in the 
shade of common life, with a mixture of such que- 
titles as are requisite for all the lowest aocidents of 
it, strunliug with misfortunes, and on e leval with 
the meanest of mankind. As for the other perseoi, 
none of them ere above what we call the higlier co- 
medy : Calypso, though a goddess, is e charaater of 
intrigue; the soiiors yet more approacidag te it; 
the Phmacians are of the same cast ; the Cyclops, 
ICeiantfaias. and Irus, descend even to droll shaiae* 
tw>; and the scenes that appear thiougbout aie g^ 



fOSiBc&iiT. agr 

««f»lly of the coaie kind ; banqacts, revei*^ spoitt, 
loivety ftsd the pursuit of a noimn. 

From the nature of the poem, we -shall form an 
idea of the style. The diction is to follow the images, 
and to take its colour from the eomplectioa of the 
tbottgfats. Accordiagly the Odyssey is not always 
tlothed in the majesty of verse proper to tragedy^ 
bat sometimes descends into the plainer narrative, 
and sometimes even to that familiar dialogue essen- 
tial to comedy. However, where it cannot support 
a sublimity, it always preserves a dignity, or at least 
n propriety. 

There is a real beauty in an easy, pure, perspicuous 
description, even of a low action. There are nume- 
rcms instances of this both in Homer and Virgil ; and 
perhaps those natural passages are not the least pleas- 
ing of their works. It is often the same in history, 
where the representations of common, or even do- 
mestic things, in clear, plain, and natural words, are 
frequently found to make the liveliest impression 
on the reader. 

The question is, hew far a poet, in pursuing the 
description or image of an action, can attech himself 
to little drcnmstances, without vulgarity or triflingf 
what particulars are prc^r, and enliven tiie Image; 
or what are impertinent, and clog it i In this matter 
painting is to be consulted, and the whole regard 
bad to those circumstances which contribute to form 
a full, and yet not a confused, idea of a thing. 

Bpithets are of vast service to tins effect, and the 
right use of these is often the only ex^ient to 
render the narration poetical. 

The great point of judgment is to distinguish when 
to speak simply, and when figuratively : but when* 
ever the poet is obliged by the nature of his subjeet 
to descend to the lower manner of writing, an ele« 
vatad style would be aflPected,and Uierefore xidicu- 
lovs ; and the more he was forced upon Cgures an4 
saetapluirs to avoid that lowness, the more the imago 
would b« brokaoy and consequently .obscure. , 



IPS FOSISCEIfT. 

One nay add, that the nse of the grand s^le o» 
little subjects, is not only ludicrons, but a sort of 
transgression against the rules of proportion and me- 
chanics : it is using a vast force to lift a feather. 

I beUeve, now I am upon this head, it will be found 
a just observation, that the low actions of life can- 
not be putiotoa figurative style, without being ri- 
diculous; but things natural can. Metaphors raise 
the latter into dignity, as we see in the Oeorgics : 
but throw the former into ridicule, a»-in the Lutrin. 
I think this may very well be accounted for : laugh- 
ter implies censure; inanimate and irrationalljeinga 
are not objects of censure ; therefore they may be 
elevated as much as you please, and no ridicule foK 
lows: but when rational beings are represented 
above their real character it becomes ridiculous in 
art, because it is vicious in morality. The bees in 
Virgil, were they rational beings, would be ridiculous 
by having their actions and manners represented on 
a level with creatures so superior as men ; since it 
would imply folly or pride, which are the proper 
objects of ridicule. 

Xhe use of pompous expressions for low actions or 
thoughts is the true sublime of Don Quixote. How 
far unfit it is for epic poetry, appears in its being the 
perfection of the mock epic. It is so far from being 
the sublime of tragedy, that it is the cause of all bmn- 
baat; when poets, instead of being (as they imagine) 
constantly lofty, only preserve throughout a painful 
equality of fustian : that continued swell of language 
(whichruns indiscriminately even through their low- 
est 'characters, and rattles like some mightinesa of 
meaning in the most indifferent subjects) it of a piece 
with that pcirpetual elevation of tone which the play* 
ers have learnt from it ; and which is not apeakteg» 
but vociforating. 

There is still more reason for a variation of style 
In epic poetry than in tragic, to distinguish between 
that language of the gods proper to the muse wh» 
MQgs, and is inspired; and that of mm, who are in* 



FOanSCRIPT. 999 

ftrodnoed speaking only according to nature. Farther, 
there oagh\ to be a difference of style observed in 
tbe speeches of human persons, and those of deities ; 
and again^in those which may be called set harangues 
or orations, and those which are only conversation\ 
or dialogue. Homer has more of the latter than any 
other poet ; what Virgil does by two or three words 
of narration. Homer still performs by speeches : not 
only replies, but even rejoinders are frequent in him» 
a practice almost unknown to VirgiS. This renders 
his poems' more animated^ but less grave and majes- 
tic ; and consequently necessitates the frequent U9# 
of a lower style. The writers of tragedy lie under 
tbe same necessity if they would copy nature ; where* 
as that painted and poetical diction which they per- , 
petnally use, would be improper even in orationk de> 
signed to move with all the arts of rhetoric : this is- 
plain from the practice of Demosthenes and Cicero^ 
aod Virgil in those of Drances and Turnus gives oh 
eminent example, how far removed the stylo of them 
ought to bo from such an excess of figures and orna- 
moots ; which indeed fits only that language of the 
gods we have been, speaking of, or that of a muse 
under inspiration. 

To read through a whole work in this strain, is like 
travelling all along the ridge of a hill; which is n6t 
half so agreeable as sometimes gradually to rise, and 
sometimes gently to descend, as the way leads, and 
as tbe end of the journey directs. 

Indeed the ti^ue reason that so few poets have imi- 
tated Homer in these lower parts, has been the ex- 
treme difficulty of preserving that mixture of ease 
and dignity essential to them. For it is as hard for 
an epic poem to stoop to the narrative with success, 
as for a prince to descend to be familiar, without di- 
minution to his greatness. 

The sublime style is more easily cooAterfeited than 
the natural : something tliat passes for it, or sound* 
like it, is common in all false writers : but nature, 
purity, perspicuity, and simplicity, never valk in tbe 



406 posrscaiFT. 

ctovds ; tbey tra «hvlo«a to aU capacUi«s$ alMl whtn 
they are not evident they do not exiat. 

I!he most plain narraticm not only admita of tianei 
end of hai-ntooy (vhtcb ate all tho qualities of style), 
bat it reqeirea every one of them to render it pleas- 
ii^. On the contrary, whatever pretends to a share 
of the suhlime, may pass, notwithstanding any de- 
fects in the rest ; nay, sometimes without any of tliem, 
end gain the admiratioa of all ordinary readers. 

Homer, in his lowest narrations or speeches, is ever 
easy, flowing, copioas, clear, and harmoBlous« Re 
shows not Jess invention in assembling the humbler, 
than the greater^^ thoughts and images ; nor less 
judgment in proportioning the style and the versii* 
catieu to these, than to the other. Let it be remem« 
bered, that the same genius that soared the highest, 
and from whom the greatest models of the sublisM 
are derived, was also he who stooped the lowest, and 
gave to the simple narrative its ntmo»t perfectioa. 
Which of these was the harder task to Homer him- 
self, I cannot pretend to determine ; but to his trans- 
lator 1 can afl&rm (however uneqnal all his imitations 
must b^ that of the latter has beea much more difi* 
cult. 

Whoever expects here the same pomp of verse, 
and the same ornaments of diction, as in the Iliad, 
he will* and he ought to be, disappointed. Were the 
original otherwise, it had been an offence against na- 
ture; and were the translation so, it were an offeaot 
against Homer, which b the same ilung. 

It must be allowed that there is a majesty and lmii> 

mony in theGreek langoage,wldch greatly contribete 

to derate and support tlie narration. But 1 masi 

also observe tlmt this is an advantage grown upon 

the language since Homer'a time : for things are r^ 

moved from vulgarity by being out of use ; and if 

the words we could find iu uny present language 

wex e equally sonorous or musical in themselves, they 

would still appear less poetical and nncomrooa than 

those of a deed one, from thb only cifeumstance, of 




being in every nan's mouth. I majr Add to. tlii^ ano- 
ther disadvantage to a translator, from a different 
cause: Homer seems, to have taken upon him the 
character of an historian, antiquary, divine, and pro> 
fessor of arts and sciences, as well as a poet. In o'ne 
or other of these characters, he descends into many 
particularities, which as a poet only perhai^s he would 
have avoided. All these oogbt to be preserved by a 
faitliful translator, who in some measure takes the 
place of Homer ; and all that can be expected, from 
him is to make them as poetical as the subject will 
bear. Many arts therefore are requisite to supply 
these disadvantages, in order to dignify and solem- 
nize these plainer parts, which hardly admit of any 
poetical ornaments. 

Some use has been made to this end of the style 
of Milton. A just and moderate mixture of old 
words may have an effect like the workiag old abbey 
stones into a building, which 1 have sometimes seen 
to give a kind of venerable air, and yet not destroy 
the neatness, elegance, and equality, requisite to a' 
new. work ; I mean, without rendering it too uufa- 
miliar, or remote from the present purity of writing, 
or from that ease and smoothness, which ought al- 
ways to accompany narration or dialogue. In read- 
ing a style judiciously antiquated, one finds a plea- 
sure not unlike that of travelling on an old Roman 
way: but then the road must be as good asUhe way 
is ancient : the style must be such in which me may 
evenly proceed, without being put to short stops by 
sudden abruptnesses, or puzzled by frequent turnings 
and transpositions. Ho man delights in furrows 
and stumbling-blocks: aud let our lov/e to anti- 
quity be ever so great, a iiue ruin is one thing, and 
a heap of rubbish another. The imitators of Milton, 
like most other imitators, are not copies but carica* 
tares of their original ; they are a hundred times mor« 
obsolete and cramp than he, and equally so in all 
places : whereas it should have been observed of 
l^ltoB, that he is not lavish of his e;iotic words and 



Wi FOSTSCRTPT. 

phrases every where alike, but employs theai nmA 
more where the sabject is marvelloas, vast, and 
strange, as in the scenes or heaven, hell, chaosp &c. 
than where it is tamed to the natural and agreeable, 
as in the pictures of paradise, the loves of our first 
{Mirents, entertsdnments of angels, and the like, la 
general, this unusual style better serves to awaken 
oar ideas in the descriptions and in the imagii^ and 
picturesque parts, than it agrees wift the lower sort 
of narrations, the character of which is simplicity and 
parity. Milton has several of the Utter, where we 
find not an antiquated^ affected, or uncouth word, 
for some hundred lines together ; as in his fifUi book, 
the latter part of the eighth, tho former of the tenth 
and eleventh t>ooks, and in the narration of Michael 
in the twelfth. I wonder indeed that he, who ven- 
tured (coutrary to the practice of all other epic poets) 
to imitate Homer*s lownesses in the narrative, should 
not also have copied his plainness and perspicuity 
in the dramatic parts: since in his speeches (where 
clearness above all is necessary) there is frequently 
such transposition and forced construction, that the 
very sense is not to be discovered without a second 
or third reading, and in this certuuly ought to be no 
example. 

To preserve the true character of Homer*a style in 
the present translation, great pidns have been taken 
to be easy and natural. The chief merit T can pre* 
tend to, is, not to have been carried Into a more 
plausible and figurative manner of writing, which 
would better have pleased all readers, but the judi- 
cious ones. My errors had been fewer, bad each of 
those gentlemen who joined with roe shown as mocb 
of the severity of a friend to me, as I did to then, 
in a strict animadversion and correction. Whatassia- 
tance I received from them, was made known in ge- 
neral to the public in the original proposals for this 
work, and the particulars are specified at the con* 
elusion of it ; to which I must add (to be pnactaally 
just) some part of the tenth and fift«enth books, the 



POSTSCRIPT. 4M 

r«tder will now be too good a jnilge, how maeh ttas 
gretter put of it, and coDseqaently of its fkoltSf is 
chargeable* upon me alone. But this I can with in- 
tegrity affirm, that I have bestowed as mach time and 
pains upon the whole, as were consistent with the in- 
dispensable duties and cares of life, and with that 
wretched state of health which Ood has been pleased 
to make my portion. At the least, it is a pleasure to 
me to reflect, that I hare introdaced into onr language 
this other work of the greatest and most ancient of 
|M>ets, with some dignity ; and I hope, with as little 
disadTantage as the Iliad. And if, after the unme- 
rited success of that translation, any one will won- 
der why T wovld enterprise tlie Odyssey ; I think it 
tulficient to say, that Homer himself did die same, 
or the world woold never have seen it. 

I designed to have ended this postscript here : hot 
since I an now taking my leave of Homer, and of 
all controversy relating to him, I beg leave to be in- 
dulged if I make use of this last opportunity to say a 
▼ery few words about some reflections which the late 
Vadam Dacier bestowed on the first part of my pre- 
face to the tliad, and which she published at the end 
of her translation of that poem.* 

To write gravely an answer to them, would bft too 
much for the reflections; and to say nothing con- 
cerning them, would be too little for the author. It 
is owing to the industry of that learned lady, that 
our polite neighbours are become acquainted with 
many of Homer*s beauties, wlucb were hidden frotki 
tiiem l>efore in Greek and in Eustathios. She chal- 
lenges on this account a particular regard f>om all 
the admirers of that great poet ; and I hope that I 
shall be thought, as I mean, to pay some part of thit 
debt to her memory, in what I am now writing. 
'Had these TCflections fallen from the pen of an or- 
dinary critic, I should not have apprehended thdr 
effect, and should therefore have been silent coa- 

• Seeottd edition, at Paris, 171^. 



404 posrscRitor. 

cernifbg them : bat since they are Madam Dteier's, \ 
imagiae tbat they must be of weight; aod iu a case 
where I think her reasoning very bad, I respect bee 
authority. 

I have fought under Madam Dacier*s banner, and 
have waged war in defence of tiie divine Homer 
against all the heretics of the age. And yet it is Ma- 
dam Dacier who accuses me, and who accuses me of 
nothing less than betraying our common cause. She 
affirms that the most declared enemies of this author 
have never said any thing against him more injurious 
or more unjust than I. Wliat must tlie world think 
of me, aiter such a judgment passed by so great a 
critic i the world, who decides so often, and who ex. 
amines so seldom ; the world, who even in matters o: 
literature is almost always the slave of authority i 
Who will suspect thai so much learning should 
mistake, that so much accuracy should be misled, or 
Uiat so much candour should be biassed ? 

All tuis however has happened, and Madam Da- 
c;er's Criticisms on my Preface flow from the very 
same error, f|om which so many false criticisms of 
her countrymen upon Homer have flowed, and which 
she has so justly and so severely repioved; I mean 
the error of depending on injurious and unski;fal 
translatioui. 

An indifleient translation may be of some use, and 
a good one will be of a great deal. . £ut I think 
that no translation ought to be Uie ground of criti. 
cism, because no man ought to be condemned upoa 
another man*s explanation of his meaning : could 
Uomer have iiad the honour of explaining his, be- 
fore that august tribunal where Monsieur de la 
Motte presides, I make no doubt but he had escaped 
many of tiiose severe 'animadversions with which 
•ome French authors have loaded hin, and from 
which even Madam Dacier's translation of the Iliad 
could not preserve him. 

How unhappy was it for me, tbat the knowledge 
•f oiir islaod*tong«e va« as necessary to Madam D^ 



POflTSCRlFT. . 40i 

•tor in ay ease, »s the knowledge of Greek was to 
MoBsieur de la Motte ia that of oar great author ; 
or to asy of those whem she styles blind censarers, 
and blames for condemning what they did not an- 
derstaod. 

I may say with modesty, that she knew less of my 
tme sense from that faulty traoslation of part of 
my Preface, than those blind censurers might have 
known of Homer's even from the translation of la 
Valterie, which preceded her own. 

it pleased me however to find, that her objections 
were not levelled at tlie general doctrine, or at any 
essentials of my Preface, bat only at a few particu* 
lar expressions. She proposed little more than (to 
use her own phrase) to combat two or three similes ; 
and I hope that to combat a simile is no more than 
to fight with a shadow, since a simile is no better 
than the shadow of an argument. 

She lays much weight where 1 laid but little, and 
examines with more scrupulosity than I writ, or 
than perhaps the matter requires. 

These unlucky similes, taken by themselves^ may 
perhaps render my meaning equivocal to an ignorant . 
translator; or there may have fallen from my pen 
some expressions, which, taken by themselves, like. 
wise, may to the same person have the same effect. 
But if the translator had been master of our tongue, 
the general tenor of my argument, that which pre- 
cedes and that which follows the passages objected 
to, would have sufficiently determined him as to 
the precise meaning of them : and if Madam Dacier 
had taken up her pen a little more leisurely, or had 
employed it with more temper, she would not have 
answered paraphrases of -her own, which even the 
tfanslatioa will not justify, and which say, more 
than once, the very contrary to w|/at I have said in 
the passages \Uemsclves. 

If any person bas caiiosity enough to read the 
whole paragraphs in my Pre^ce, on some, mangled 
parts of which tbeac reflections ai e mads, he wiP 



400 FO0ISCEIP]^• 

enily diieem that I am as or^odox aa lAHlaai 
Daoier henalf in. those very articles on irbich she 
ttaats ne like an heretic : be viU easily see ^at all 
the diffsreuce betwMD us ooaaasts in. this, that I 
offer opinioos, and she delivers doctrines ; that my 
iiaaginatioD repreveots Homer aa the greatasi of 
homaa poets, irhereas in hexs he vaa exaUed above 
hamanitjf infallibilitjr and Inpeocability were two 
of his attributes. Thfre vaa thftrelsena no need of 
defending Homer asaiast me, who (if I adatake aoi) 
had carried my admiration of him, as £ur as it can 
be carried, without giving a real oceasiou of wtting 
in his defence. 

After answering my harmless similes, she proceeds 
to a matter which does not regard so much tiie 
honour of Homer, aft tliat of the times he lived ia ; 
and here I mast confess she does not wholly mis- 
take my meaning, but 1 think she mistakes the state 
of the qoestion. Sba had said, the manoars of those 
times were so muoh the better, the less they 4vera 
like oars,I thought this required a little qualificatiott. 
I confest that in my opinion the world was mended 
in some points, such as the cuaUMu of putting whole 
nations to the sword* condemning kinga and their 
fttmilles ^ perpetual slavery, and a few others. 
Madam Dacier judges otherwise in this ; but as u» 
the rest, parUcaLarly in {^referring the simplicity of 
the ancient world to the luxury of ours, which is 
the main point contended for, she owns we agree. 
This I thought was well, but 1 am so unfortunate 
that this too is taken amiss, and called adopting er 
(if you will) stealing her sentiment. The truth is, 
she might have said her words, for I used them en 
purpose, being then professedly citing Irom her; 
though I miijht have done the same without intend- 
ing that complimeitt, for tiitj are also to be found 
in Euscathius, and the sentiment I believe is that of 
all mankind. I cannot really tell what to say to 
this whole remark, only Uut in the first part of it. 
Madam Dacier is displeased that 1 do not agree with 



P0A38CEtFI« 401, 

htg, tad in the last that I do: but thU U » temptr 
which every polite man shonld overlook in a ladj. 

Xo punish my iogratitttde, she resolves to expose 
my blnnders, and selects two which I suppose are 
t^e most flagrant, out of the many for which she 
coold have chastised me. It happens that the first 
of these is in part the translator's, and in part her 
own, without any share of mine v she quotes the 
end of a sentence, and he puts in French what I 
never wrote in English : ** Ilomer (I said) opened a 
** new and boundless walk tor his imagination, and 
<* created a world for himself in the invention of 
" fable ;" which he translates, Homere crea Dour son 
usage un monde mouvant, en inventant la fable. 

Madam Dacier justly wonders at Uiis nonsense in 
■le, and I, in the translator. As to what I meant by 
Homer's invention of fable, it is afterwards particu- 
larly distinguished from tliat extensive sense in 
which she took it, by these words. ** If Homer was 
" not the first who introduced the deities (as Hero- 
'* dotus imagines) into th^ religion of Greece, he 
'* seems the first who brought them into a system 
** of machinery for poetry." 

The other bluDder she accuses me of is, the mis- 
taking a passage in Aristotle, and she is pleased to 
send roe back to tbis philosopher's treatise of Poetry, 
and to her Treface on the Odyssey for my betUr 
instruction. Now though I am saucy enough to 
think that one may sometimes di£fer from Aristotle 
without blundering, and though I am sure one may 
sometimes fall into an error by following him ser- 
vilely ; yet I own, that to quote any autlior for what 
he never said, is a blunder; (but, by the way to cor- 
rect an author for whatheiie\er said, is somewhat 
worse than a blunder). My words were,these. *' As 
** there is a greater var^ty of characters in the 
*' Iliad, than in any other poem, so there is of 
*' speeches. Every thing in it has manners, as 
" Aristotle expresses it ; that is, every thing is acted 
** er spoken; very lit tie peases in narratioa.'* 6h* 



406 - wosTscmtr. 

justly says,. that '* Every thing which is acted of 
'* spoken, has not necessarily manners* merely be-' 
" cause it is acted or spoken.** Agreed : but T would 
ask the question, whether any thing can hare man- 
ners which is neither acted nor spoken ? If not, then 

the whole Iliad being almost spent in speech and 
action, almost every thing in it has manners since 
Homer has been proved before, in a long paragraph 
of the Preface, to have excelled in drawing charac- 
ters and painting manners, and indeed his whole 
poem is one continued occasion of showing this 
bright part of his talei]\t. 

Td speak fnirly, it is impossible she could read 
even the translation and take my sense so wrong as 
she represents it: but I was fiist translated igno- 
xantly, and then read partially. My expression in- 
ci4>ed was not quite exact; it should have bemi, 
*' Every thing has manners, as Aristotle calls them.** 
But such a fault methinks might have been spared, 
since if one was to look with that diaposition the 
discovers towards me, even en her own excellent 
writings, one might find some mistakes which no 
context can redress ; as where she makes Eustathius 
call Cratisthenes the Phliasian, Caliisthenes tlie 
Physician.* What a triumph n^iglit some slips of 
this sort have aflForded to Homer's, hers, and m/ 
enemies, from which she was only screened by their 
happy igQOTance ! How unlucky had it been, whea 
she insulted Mr. de la Motte for omitting a material 
passage in the speech of Helen to B^tor, tliad vi. t 
if some champion for the modems had by chance 
understood so much Greek, as to whisper him, that 
there was uo such passage in Homer ! 

Our concern, zeal, an J even jealousy for our great 
author's honour were mutual, our endeavours to ad- 
vance it were equal, and I have as often trembled 

^ • Dacier Remarques sur le 4me livrt de I'Odyat. 
p. 4(57. 

. t De la CorraptioQ du Oout. 



POSTSCRIFF. 4|§ 

fi,, ■ 

tijt. It \n her haads» as. she coald io mine* Tt wm 
•ne of tbtt 9Vkf leasont I had t» vish tlM longer 
I^e of this laidy* that X must certaiitly have regained 
1^ good . optnloPf in spite of ■ all misi-epreaenting 
triinslatocs .irhatef er» I could not have expected it 
' on any other terms than being approved as great, if 
not as passionate, an admirer of Homer as herself. 
For that "was the first condition of her favour and 
friendship ; otherwise not one's taste alone, but one's 
noraltty had been corrupted, nor would any man*s 
religion have been unsuspected, who did not impli> 
citly believe in an author whose doctrine is so con- 
^rmable to Holy Sciiptore. However, as different 
iMople have different ways of expressing their belief^ 
fone purely by public and general acts of worship, 
others by a reverend sort of reasoning and inquiry 
«bout tlie grounds of it ; it is the same in admira* 
tion, some prove it by exclamations, others by re- 
■pect. I have observed that the loudest huazaa 
fiven to a great man in a triumph, proceed not 
from his friends, but the riibbie ; and as I have fan- 
cfed it the same with the rabble of critics, a desire 
to be distinguished from them has turned me to the 
■mre moderate, and, I hope, mnre ratioaal method* 
Though I am a poet, I would not be an enthusiast; 
•od though I am an Englishman, I would not be 
furiously of a party. 1 am far from thinking myself 
that genius, upon whom, at the end of these remarks. 
Madam Dacier congratulates my country ; one ca- 
pa'ble of " correcting Homer, and consoquentljr of 
" reforming mankind, and amending this constltn- 
** tion." It was not to Great Britain this ought to 
have beca applied, since our nation has one happi. 
oess for which she might have preferred it to her 
own, that as much as we abound in other miserable 
mSsgnided sects, we have at least none of the blas- 
phemers of Homer. We stedfastly and unanimously 
believe, both his poem, and our constitution, to be 
the best that ever human wit invented: that th« 
ooe Is not more incapable of amendment than th« 

S 



410 FOSTSCRIFT. 

other ; and (old as they both are) we despUe anf 
French or Englishman whatever, who shall presume 
to retrench, to innovate, or to make the least aL 
ieration in either. Far therefore from the geoins for 
which Madam Dacier mistook me, mj whole desire 
is but to preserve the humble character of • faithfel 
traoslatori and a quiet subject. 



THE 

BATTLE 

OF THS 

FROGS AND MICE. 

BY MR. ARCHDEACON PARNEL. 
Corrected by Mr. PQPE, 



WAVES OF THE ITtCK. 

J^Afpeur, one who planden grsnarMk. 
Troxartes, a bread-eater. 
Lychomyle^ a licker of meal. 
PtematroctaSf a bfecon-eater. 
Jjychopinast a licker of dishes. 
Embasichytro*, a creeper into pots. « 
Lychenor, a name from licking. 
Troglodytes, one who ruiid into holes. 
Artophagta, who feeds on bread. 
TyroglyphuSf a chtese^cbbper. 
Ptemoglyphiu, a'bMbn-seooper. 
PUmophagiUfh. bacon-eater. 
Cnissodioctes, one who foUows the steam of kitch< 
SUophagtUf an eater of wheat. 
Meridarpaxt one who plunders his share. 

NAMES OP THE FROGS. 

Physignatfms, ono whd s««HS'ht4 cheelafc " 
Peleus, a name from mud. 
Hydromeduse, a ruler in the waters. 
Hypsiboets, a loud bawler. 
PelUnif from mud. 
Seutlaius, called from the beets. 
Pdlyptumtu, a great babbler. • - 

JLymnocharU, one who loves the lake*. 
CrambopkaguSy cabbage-eater. 
Lymnisius, called from the lake. 
CeUaminthius, from tlie hexi>. 
Hydrocharis, who loves tlie water. 
BorboctEtet, who lies in the mud. 
Prassophagus, an eater of garlic. ^ 

PelttsiuSf from mud. 
PelobaUs, who walks in the dirt*- 
PfcusasuSf called from garlic. 
Crentgasidu, from croaking.^ 



BATTLE 

FROGS AND mC%. 

BOOK I. 

nr^Q 611 mj riiiagsong with saci^d fire/ 
^ Te tuneful Hioet-ye ew^et celestial quire t 
From Hdloon's imbow^i^^og height repeir. 
Attend mj labouis, and reward mj pn^er. 
She dreadful toils of caging JUara I write, § 

The springs of contest, and the fields of fight; 
How threat'ning mice advaoc'^l with warlike gnce^ 
And wag*d dire combats with the croalting Ksce. 
Kot louder tumults shook Olympus* tow'rs. 
When earth>bom giants dar'd immortal pow*n. lO 
These equal acts an eq«al «lory claim. 
And thus the Muse records the tale of fame. 

Once on a time, fatigu*d and out of breath. 
And just escap'd the stretching claws of death, 
A gentle mouse, whom cats pursn'd in vain, t$ 
Flies swift of foot across the neighboi&ring pUia» 
Hangs o'er a brink his eager thirst to cool. 
And dips his whiskers in the standing po<H ; 
"When near a courteous frog advanc*d his head* 
And from the waters, hoarse resounding said. ttO 

Whit art thou, stranger i what the line you boast? 
What chance haUi cast thee panting on our coast ? 
With strictest truth let all thy words agree, 
Kor let me find a faithless mouse in thee. 
If worthy friendship, proffer'd friendship tak«| 9$ 
Aad enteriiig view the pl^tsonUt lake : 



414 BATTLE OF THB 

Range o*er my palace, in my bounty share, 
And glad return from hospitable fare. 
This silver realm extends beneath my sway. 
And me, their monarch, all its frogs obey. 30 

Great Physignathus I, from Peletts' race, 
Begot in &ir Hydromeduae* embrace, 
Where by the nuptial bank that paints his side. 
The swift Eridanns delights to glide. 
Thee too, thy form, thy strength, and port proclaim, 
A scepter'd king ; a son of martial fame ; S6 

Then trace thy line, and aid my guessing eyes. 
Thus ceas'd the frog, and thus the mouse replies. 
Known to the gods, the men, the birds that fly 
Through wild expanses of the midway sky, 40 

My name resounds ; and if unknown to thee. 
The soul of great Psycarpax lives in me. 
Of brave Troxartes* line, whose sleeky down 
In love compress'd Lychomyle the brown. 
My mother she, and princess of the plains 4( 

Where'er her father Pternotroctas reigns : 
Born where a cabin lifts its airy shed. 
With figs, with nuts, with varied dainties fed. 
But since our natures nought in common know. 
From what foundation can a friendship grow ! £0 
These curling waters o'er thy palace roll ; 
But man's high food supports my princely soul* * 
In vain the circled loaves attempt to lie 
Conceal'd in flaskets from my curious eye ; 
In vain the tripe tliat boasts the vthltest hue, tS 
In vain the gilded bacon shuns my view. 
In vain the cheeses, offspring of the pail. 
Or hooey'd cakes which gods thnnselves r^ale. 
And as in arts I shine, in arms i fight, 
Hix'd with tlie bravest, and unknown to A^9< ^ 
Though large to mine the faumau form appeai? 
Kot man himself can smite my soul with fiear; 
Sly to the bed with silent steps I go. 
Attempt his finger, or attack his toe, 
And fix indented wounds with dexterous akiU, U 
»l«ttping he leels^ ud oaiy Manu tQ (M. 



FROGS AND MIC^. 41S 

« 

Tet have we foes which direful daDgers cause. 
Grim owls with talons ann'd, and cats with claws ! 
And that false trap, the den of silent fate, 
Where death his ambush plants around the bait ; 70 
All dreaded these, and dreadful o'er the rest 
The potent warriors of the tabby vest : 
If to the dark we Aj, the dark they trace. 
And rend our heroes of the oibbling race. 
But me> nor stalks, nor wat'rish herbs deligh t, T ^ 
Nor can the crimson raddish charm my sight : 
The lake>resounding frogs' selected fare, 
Which not a mouse of any taste can bear. 

As thus the downy prince his mind exprest. 
His answer thus the croaking king ad^rest. 80 

lliy words luxuriant on thy dainties rove, 
And, stranger, we can boast of bounteous Jove : 
We sport In water, or we dance on land. 
And born amphibious, food from both command, 
But trust thyself where wonders ask thy view, 85 
And safely tempt th</se seas, FU bear thee through: 
Ascend my shoulders, firmly keep thy seat, 
And reach my marshy court, and feast in state. 
He said, and lent his back, with nimble bound 
Leaps the light mouse, and clasps his arms around, 90 
Then wond ring floats, and sees with glad survey 
The winding banks dissemble ports at sea. 
But when aloft the curling water rides, 
And wets with azure wave his downy sides. 
His thoughts grow conscious of approaching woe, $f 
His idle tears with vain repentance flow, 
UIs locks be rends, his trembling feet he rears. 
Thick beats his heart with unaccustom'd fears ; 
He sigh's, and chillM with danger, lougs for shore: 
His tail extended forms a fruitless oar. liK) 

Half d^ench'd in liquid death, his pray'rs he spake» 
And thus bemoan'd him from the dreadful lake. 

So pass'd Europa through the rapid sea. 
Trembling and fainting all the vont'rqus way; 
IV^ith oary feet the bull triumfhant rode, Itfi 

Aad safe is Crete depos'd hit Itvely load. 



416 BATTLE OF TKS 

Ah safe at last f maj thus the frog sttpp<|Cl 
M J trwibUiiB Iteba t« reach bis ample cd\ut. 

'Aa thua 1i« sorrowt, death ambigdous grows, 
Lof from.thedeepa water-hydhrarose; 123 

He rolte his sangikfai'd dyes, his bosom heares; 
And darts with active ragettlong the waves.' 
ConfttS*d» the monarch sees his hissing foe. 
And dives tao shtan tlie sable ftites below. 
Forgetful frog I the fiitad thy shoulders bore, 11$ 
Vnskiird in swimming, flosts' remote firom shore. ' 
He grasps with fraitless hands t^ find relief. 
Supinely fells, snd grinds his teeth inth grief; 
Plunging he sinica, sftd straggling mounts again. 
And sinks, and strives, bnt strives with fate in valiK 
The weighty moistore clogs his airy rest, Kl 

And thus theprinee his dying rag^ exprest. 

Nor thou, that tings me fiound'ring ^m tliy back. 
As from hard rocks rebdunds the shatt*!riog wrack, 
Kor thon sbalt 'scape thy due, perfidious king ! J£f 
Fursu'd by vengeance on the swiftest wtng : ' 
At land tby strength could never equal mine. 
At sea to conquer, And by craff, was thine.' 
But heav*n has gods, and gods have searching eycss 
Ye mice, ye mice, my great avengers rise ! lat 

This said, he sighing gasp*d, and gasping dy'd. " 
His death the ybang'Lybhopinax espy'd. 
As on the flow'ry brink he pass*d the day, 
Bask'd in the (mmuu, and loiter'd Hfe away : 
Lottdshrieks the mouse, bis shrieks the shores repeat: 
The nibbling nation learn their hero's fate ; ' 19f 
Grief, dismal grief ensues; deep murmurs sound. 
And shriller fury fills the deafenM ground ; 
From lodge to lodge the sacred heralds run. 
To fix their counsel with the rising sun ; 140 

Where great Trozartes crown'd in gTory rdgns. 
And winds his Iength*nin'g court beifeath the' plains ; 
Fsycarpax' father, father now Vjo more ! ' 

For poor Fsycarpaa Ues remote from shore : 
Snpioe he lies I the silent waters sUnd, J44 

And no kind biUow ^nfti the dead to land! 



FROGS AND MICE. 417 



BOOK II. 



TITHfiN rosy-fingerM taom had tingM the clouds, 
Ar»ond their monarch-mouse the nation crowds. 
Slow rose the monarch, heav'd his anxious breast. 
And thus the council, fill'd with ra^e, addrest. 

•For lost Psycarpax much my soul endures, % 

'Tis mine the private grief, the public, yours ; 
Three warlike sons adom'd my nuptial bed. 
Three sons, alas, before their father dead! 
Our eldest perish'd by the lav'ning cat, 
As near my court the prince unheedful s<ite. 10 

Out next, an engine fraught witli danger drew. 
The portal gap'd, the bait was hung in view^ 
Dire arts assist the trap, the fates decoy. 
And men unpitying kili'd my gallant boy. 
The last, his country's hope, his parent's pride, IS 
PJuug'd in the lake by Physignathus dy'd. 
Rouse all the war, my friends ! aveflge the deed. 
And bleed that monarch, and his nation bleed.. 

His words in ev*ry breast inspir'd alarms. 
And careful Mars supply 'd their host with arms. SO 
In verdant hulls despoil'd of all their beans, 
llie buskiu*d warriors stalk'd along the plains. 
Quills aptly bound, their bracing corslet made, 
Fac'd with the plunder of a cat they flay'd; 
The lamp's round boss affords their ample shield, CS 
Large shells of nuts tlieir cov'ring helmet yield ; 
And o'er the region, with reflected rays. 
Tall groves of needles for their lances blaze. 
Dreadful in arms the marching mice appear: 
The wond'ring frogs perceive the tumult near, 30 
Forsake the waters, thickening form a ring. 
And ask, and hearken, whence the noises spring ; 
Wlien near theNrruwd, discIosM to publi: view. 
The valiaut chief Embasichy tros drew : 
The sacred herald's sceptre graced his hand, 3S 

Aud thus his words exprcst his king's command. 

S8 



418 BA-TTLl^ OF TII1& 

Ye frogs ! the mice, with venq;eance fii'd, advance. 
And deck'd in armour shake the shining lance ; 
Their hapless prince, hf Phywgnathus slain. 
Extends incumbent on the wat*ry plaia. 40 

Then arm your host, the doubt^l ba4ll» try; 
Lead forth those frogs that have the sonl to die. 
The chief retires, the crowd the challenge bear. 
And proudly swelling, yet perplex'd appear; 
li{uch they resent, yet much their monarch blame, 45 
\^ho rising, spoke to clear his tainted fame. 

O friends I I never forc'd the mouse to death, 
Kor saw the gaspings of his latest breath. 
He, vain of youUi, our art of swimming try*d. 
And vent'rous in the lake the wanton dyM» 5» 

To vengeance now by false appearance led, 
They point their anger at my guiltless head. 
But wage the rising war by deep device. 
And turn its fury on the crafty mice. 
Your king directs the way ; my thoughts elate 55 
With hopes of conquest, form designs of fate. 
Where high the banks their verdant surface heave. 
And the steep sides confine the sleeping wave. 
There, near the margin, and in armour bright. 
Sustain the first impetuous shocks of fight : 6t 

Then where the dancing feather joins the crest. 
Let each brave frog his obvious moose arrest ; 
Each strongly grasping headlong plunge a foe. 
Till countless circles whirl the lake below ; - 
Down sink the mice in yielding watera drown'd ; dS 
Loud flash the waters, echoing shores resound : 
The frogs triumphant tread the conquei'd plun. 
And raise their glorious trophies of the slain. 

lie spake no more, his prudent scheme imparta 
Redoubling ardour to the boldest hearts. T* 

Green was the suit his arming heroes chose. 
Around their legs the greaves of mallows close* 
Green were the beets about their shoulders laid, 
And green the colewort wliich the target madt^ 
FormM of the vary*d shells the waters yield, 7I 
Theic glossy helmets glistened o'er the field; 



FROGS AKD VICE. 4i$ 

▲ad tt9>*iiog wftHTceds fw the poIishM spear, 
With upright order pierce the ambient air, 
Tims dreM'd for war, the3r take th' appointed height, 
Poise the loag arms, and urge tiie promised fight. 00 

But now, where Jove's irradiate spires arise. 
With Btors surrounded in ediertal skies, 
(A solemn oouneil oaird) tliebraaen gates 
Unbar ; the goda aasnme their golden seats : 
The sire soferior leans, and points to show ^5 

What wondrous combats mortals wage below : 
How strong, bow large, the Barn'rous heroes stride ; 
What length of laaice thej shake with warKke pride; 
What eager fire their Ta{>id march reveals ! 
' 80 the fierce Centaurs raragM o*er the dales ; QO 
And so coafim'd the daring Titans rose, 
Heap'd hiUs on hills, and bid the gods be foes. 
This seen, tlie pow*r bis sacred ^sage rears, 
He casts a pitying smile on worldly cares. 
And .asks what heavenly guardians take the list, g5 
Or whp the mice, or wHo the frogs assist ? 

Tlien t4iU9 to Pallas. <kf my daughter's mind 
Have join'd the mice, why stays she still behind! 
Drawn forth by savVy steams tliey wind their way, 
■ And sure attendance round thine altar pay, 109 
Where while the victims gratify their taste. 
They sport to please the goddess of the feast. 
Thus spake tlie ruler of the spacious skies. 
When thus, resolv'd, the blue-ey'd maid replies. 
In vain, my father ! all tlieir dangers plead ; idft 
To such, thy Pallas never grants her aid* 
My flow'ry wreaths they petulantly spoil. 
And rob my crystal lamps of feeding oil : 
(Ills following ills) but what af&icts me more. 
My veil that idle race profanely tore. !!• 

The web was curious, wrought with art divine; 
Relentless wretches, all the work was mine : 
Along the loom the purple warp 1 spread, 
Cast the light shoot, and crost the silver thread. 
In this their teeth a thousand breaches tear; , llS 
The thoaaaud breaches skilful hands repair ; 



4eo BATTLE OF THE 

For which, vile earthly duns thy daughter grieve; 
But gods, that use no coin, iMive none to give ; 
And learning's goddess never less can owe; 
, Neglected learning gets no wealth below. ISO 

Nor let the frogs to gain my succour sue. 
Those clam'roos fools have lost my favour too. 
For late, when all the conQict ceased at night, 
'When my stretch'd sinews ach*d with eager fight. 
When spent with glorious toil I left the field, 19S 
And sunk for slumber on my swelling shield ; 
Lo from the deep, repelling sweet repose. 
With noisy croakings half the nation rose : 
Devoid of rest, with aching brows I lay, 
*Till cocks proclaim'd the crimson dawn of day. ISO 
Let all, like me, from either host forbear. 
Nor tempt the flying furies of the spear. 
Let heavenly blood (for what for blood may flow) 
Adorn the conquest of a meaner foe, 
Wlio, wildly rushing, meet the wond'rous odd?, 135 
Though gods oppose ; and brave the wounded gods. 
O'er gilded clouds recUn'4^, the danger view. 
And be the wars of mortals scenes for you. 

So mov'd the blae-ey'd queen, her words penaatk* 
frrcat Jove assented, and the rest obey'd. 149 



FROGS AKD MICE. 4dl 

4 

BOOK III. 

"J^OW front to front the marching armies shine, 
^^ Halt ere they meet, and form the length'ning 

line; 
Tlie chiefs conspicuous seen, and heard afar. 
Give the load sign to loose the rushing war; 
Their dreadful trumpets deep.mouth'd hornets sound. 
The sounded charge remurmurs o'er the ground ; 6 
Ev*n Jove proclaims a field of horror nigh. 
And rolls low thunder through the troubled sky. 

First to th jfight the large Hypsiboas 4ew, 
And brave Lycbenor with a jaViin slew; 10 

The luckless warrior fiU'd with gen'rous flame. 
Stood foremost glitt*ring in the post of fame, 
When in his liver struck, the jav'ling hung; 
The mouse fell thundering, and the target rung : 
Prone to the ground he sinks his closing eye, 15 
And, soil'd in dust, his lovely tresses lie. 
A spear at Pelion, Troglodytes cast; 
The missive spear within the bosom past ; 
Death's sable shades the fainting frog surround, 
And life's red tide runs ebbing from the wound. 20 
. Embasichy tros felt Seutlaeus* dart 
Transfix, and quiver in his panting heart ; . 
But great Artopbagos aveng'd the slain, 
And big Seutlaeus tumbling loads the plain. 
And Polyphonus dies, a trog renown'd is 

for boastful speech, and turbulence of sound ; 
Deep through the belly pierc*d, supine he lay. 
And breath'd his soul against the face of day. 
The strong Lyronocharis, who view'd with ire 
A victor triumph, and a friend expire ; 3o 

With heaving arms a rocky fragment caught. 
And fiercely flung where Troglodytes fought^ 
A warrior vers'd in arts of sure retreat, 
Tet arts in vain elude impending fate; 



4pl BATTLE OF YBS 

full OB hit fliiewj neck the fragment fell, ,3f 

And o*er his eye-lids cloud* eternal dwell. 

Ljchenor (steond of the gloriaas name) 

Striding advancM, and took no wand*ring aim ; 

Tbroogb all the firog the shining jaVltn flies, 

And near the vanquishM mease the victor dies. 40 

The dreadful stroke Crand>ophagus aJBTrighCs, 

Long bred to banquets, less inur*d to fights ; 

Heedless he roas, and stumbles o*er the steep, 

Jkltd wildly flounil*vang, flashes up the deep : 

Jijdienor, fioUoviog, with a downward blow 45 

Keach*d, in the lake, hu unrece<ver*d foe ; 

Oas|»i^( he rolls, a purfkle stream of blood 

Distains tke aur^Me of the silver flood; 

Through the wide wound the rushing entrailft tluroBg, 

And slow tb0 breathless carcass floats along. M 

LymnisiM good Tyrogl jphns assails. 

Prince pf the nuoe that haunt tb* Aow>y vales. 

Lost to the milky fares and rural seat, 

6[e came to perish on the bank of fate. 

The dread Ptemoglypbns demands the fight, tS 

Which tender Calaaduthius shuns by flii^ht. 

Drops the green target, springing quits the foe, 

Glides through the lake, and safely dives below. 

^e dire Ptcrnophagns divides his way 

Thro* breaking ranks, and leads the dreadful day ; dfl 

Ko nibbling prince exeeU*4 ^ fiereeness more. 

His parents fed him on the savage boar: 

But where his lance the field with blood ImbrnMy 

9wift as he mov'd Hydrocharis pursuM, 

mil fsirn in death he lies ; a shatt'ring stoM ft 

Sounds OB the neck, and crushes all the bone; 

His blood pollutes tiie verdure of tiie plain. 

And from his nostrils bursts the gushing brain. 

Lychopinaz with Borbocctes fights, 

A blameless frog,- whom humbler life deli^^ts ; ft 

Tbe fatal jav'lin unrelenting flies. 

And darkness seals the gentle croaker's eyes. 

Incensed Prassophagus, with sprightly boB«i^ 

Bears Cnissodloctes off the rising ground ; 



moos Ann IfTCE. 4^^ 

Tbeo tirags^hUn o*er th^Iake, deiprtvMof brMth ; 79 
And downward plnagiog, sinks his soul tof dteth. 
But now tbsgfent Psjrcafpui sln*es afttr- 
(Scarce be so great whose loss provok'd tlM War), 
Swift to revenge his ftital jav'Jin fled, 
And thvengk the liver struck Pelusias dead; W 
His freckled corse before the victor fell. 
His soul indignant sought the shades of hell. 
This saw Pelobates, and ftt>m the flood 
Lifts with both hands a monstrous masa of mad# 
The cloud obscene o*er all the warrior flies» 85 

Dishonours his brown faee, and> blots his eyes. 
Enrag'dy and wildly spot^ring from the shore 
A stone immense of siae the warrior- bore; 
A Joad for lab*ring earth, wiiose bulk to raise» 
Asks ten degen'rate mice of modern days ; ^ 

Full to the leg arrives the crashing wound ; 
The frog, supportle»s, writhes upon the grottad. 
Thus'flusb'd, the victor wars with matchless forced 
'Till loud Craugasides arrests his course : 
Koarse croaking threats precede; with fatal speed 99 
Deep thiough the belly runs the pointed reed. 
Then, strongly tugg'd, return-d irabru'd with gore } 
And on the pile his reeking entrails bore.> 
The lame Sitophagus, oppressM with pain. 
Creeps from the desp'rate dangers of the plain : 109 
And where the ditches rising weeds supply. 
To spread the lowly shades beneath the sky ; 
There larks tlie silent mouse relieved of heat» 
And, safe inkbower'd, avoids the chance of fiste. 
Bttt here Troxartes, Physignathus tiiere, lOS 

Whirl the dire furies of the pointed spear : 
Then where the foot around its ankle plies, 
Troxartes wounds, and Phy^ignatbus fliet, 
Halts to tlie pool, a safe retreat to find. 
And trails a dangling lengtii of leg behind. 110 

The mouse still urges, still the frog tetiresy 
And half in anguish of the flight expireaj 
Then pious ardour young Pi^assssus brings, 
Betwixt the fortanei of contending kings : 



4(M- fiATTLB OF TH£ 

Luik, harmlMs frog ! -with forces hardly grown, lli 
He darts the reed in combats not his own, 
Which faintly tinkling on Troxartes* shield. 
Hangs at the point, and drops upon the field* 

Kow nobly tow'ring o'ef Uie rest appears 
A gallant prince thai far transcends his^ears, ISf 
Pride of his sire, and glory of his house. 
And more a Mars in combnt than a mouse: 
His action bold, robust his ample frame. 
And Meridarpax his resounding name. 
13ie warrior, singled from the fighting crowd, ISS 
Boasts the dire honours of his arms aloud ; 
Then strutting near the lake, with looks elate. 
Throats all its nations with approaching fate. 
And such his strength, the silver lakes around 
Might roll their waters o'er unpeopled ground. 130 
But pow*rful Jove, who shows no less his grace 
To frogs tliat perish, than to httn<an race, 
Felt soft compassion rising in his soul, gi 

And shook his sacred head, that shook the pole. 
Tbeo thus to all the gasing pow'rs began, 135 

The sire of gods, and frogs, and mouse, and man. 

'What seas of blood I view, what worlds of slain! 
An Iliad rising from a day's campaign I 
How 6erce his jav'lio, o'er.tlie trembltog lakes. 
The black-furr'd hero, Meridarpaz, shakes ! 140 

Unless some fav'ring deity descend, 
Soon will the frogs* loquacious empire end. 
Let dreadful Pallas wing'd witli pity fly. 
And make her aegis blase before his eye : 
While Mars, refulgent on his rattling car, 145 

Arrests his raging rival of tb« war. 

He ceas'd, reclining with attentive head, ^ 

When thus the glorious god of combats said. 
Nor Pallas, Jove ! though Pallas take the field, 
Witli all the terrors of her hissing shield ; 150 

Nor Mars himself, though Mars in armour bright 
Ascend his car, and wheel amidst the fight: 
Not these cau drive the desp'rate mouse afar. 
And change the fortunes of the bleeding war. 



. ^;tOOS AND jflC^. 4|tfk 

Ijtl all go forth, all heaven in arms arU* ; 1^ 

Or launch (by own red thunder from the skies; 
6ach ardent bolts as Aev that wond'rous day. 
When heaps of Titans mix'd with mountains Uy ; 
When all the giant race enormous fell ; 
And huge Enceladus was hurl'd to hell. . l6g) 

Twaj thus th* ^^mipotent advisM the gods, 
When from his throne the cloud-compeller nods ; 
l>eep-length'Ding thunders run from pole to pole^ 
Olympus ttembles as the thunders roll. 
Then swift he whirls the brandi^li'd bolt around, XQ$ 
And headlong darts it at the distant ground ; 
The bolt, discharge, inwtapp^d with lightning flies, 
And rends its flaming passage tliroagh the skies: 
Then earth's inhabitants, the nibblers, shake ; 
And frtfgs, the dwellers in the waters, qnake. I70 
Tet still the mice advance their dread design. 
And the last danger threats the croaking line ; 
mil Jove, that inly mourn'd the loss they bore. 
With strange assistance fiUM the frighted shore* 

Poar'd from the neighb'ring strand, deform'd to 
. view, 17» 

They march, a sudden unexpected crew. 
Strong suits of armour round their bodies close, 
Wiiich like thick anvils blunt the force of blows; 
In wheeling marches turn'd, oblique they go ; 
With harpy claws their limbs divide beluw ; 180 
Tell sheers the passage to their mouth command ; 
From out the flesh the boues by nature stand : 
Broad spread their backs, their shiaing shoulders rise, 
Uonamber*d joints distort their lengthened thCghs, 
With nervous cords their hands are firmly brac'd, IM 
Tlieir round bltick eye-batis in their bosom plac'd. 
On eight long feet tiie wond'rous warriors tread, ' 
And either end alike supplies a head. 
These to call crabs, mere mortal wits agree; 
Sut gods have other names for things than we. 190 
Now, where the jointures from their lolna depend^ 
Tk% ktroea* Uils with sev'ring grii^pt tkey rend. 



A 



C9 BATTLB OF THE FROOS AKD MICE. 

Here, short of fSeet, deprivM the power to fly ; 
There* irithoBfc hands, upon the field they lie. 
Wrench*d from thbir holds, and scattered all aroand» 
The beaded lances heap the cumbered ground. 196 
Helpless amazement, fear pursaing fear, 
Apd mad coDfusion through their host appear ; 
O'er the wild waste with headlong flight they go. 
Or creep conceaFd in vaulted holes below. 2M 

But down Olympus, to the western seas. 
Far-shooting Phoebus drove with fainter rays : 
And a whole war (so Jove oldain'd) begun. 
Was fought, and ceas'd, in one revolving sua. 



EWD or THE BATTLB OF THE FROM IND VICE. 




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