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Full text of "The Oedipus Rex of Sophocles"

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THE 

OEDIPUS REX 

OP 1 

SOPHOCLES 

•ar 

FROM THE TEXT OF W. DINDORF 

WITH NOTES BT 

WILLIAM BASIL JONES, M.A. 

Archdeacon and Prebendary of York 
Formerly Fellow and. Tutor of University College. 



AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 
M.DCCO.LXVn- 



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, * Hontoon 



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MACMILLAN AND CO. 




PUBLISHERS TO THE UNIVERSITY OF 



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ADVERTISEMENT. 

The Notes at the end of this little volume do not lay any 
claim to originality, but are intended simply as helps to the 
learner. Free use has been made of the best editions, and the 
author's obligations are freely acknowledged. The main object of 
the notes being educational, pains have been taken to elucidate 
both the grammatical structure and the logical sequence of such 
passages as appeared to need comment. At the same time, oc- 
casion has been taken to call the student's attention to the art of 
the poet, as displayed both in the construction of the plot, and 
in the representation of character. 



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THE 

OEDIPUS REX 

OF 

SOPHOCLES 

FBOM THE TEXT OF W. DINDORF 

WITH NOTES BY 

WILLIAM BASIL JONES, M.A. 

Archdeacon and Prebendary of York 
Formerly Fellow and Tutor of University College. 



AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 
M.DCCO.LIVn- 



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OIAinOYS TTPANNOS. 9 

<J>oi/3os 6' 6 irifJL\jras T&abe fiavrdas &fxa 

o-wrijp 0* Ikoixo k<xI voaov Trav<rrfjpi.os. I S° 

XOPOS. 
2> Albs abveirh ^hSltl, rCs ttotc tcls Ttokvypivov 
YlvOQvos aykaas l/3as 

Qrjfias ; iKriranai (pofitpav (pp&a, beCfxan irdkk&v, 
Irjie AdAie Ylaiav, 

&juu£l <to\ aCopevos tL juoi 5) viov> *55 

rj TrcpiTcWopivais &pais ttA\w i£ avvaas xpcos. 
eliri ftot, & xpvtrias t4kvov 'EXirtbos, Sfi^pore &&ixa. 

TTp&T& (T€ K€K\6p*VOS t 0fry<LT€p Albs, fyifipOT 'AO&VCL, *59 

yai&oypv t ibtXfeav 160 

"AprcpHV, a kvk\6€vt ayopas 6p6vov evKkia 0&<r<r€i, 

kqI Qoifiov hKafioXov, l&> 

rpwo-ol iXe^Cfxopoi irpoQ&vrjri fioL, 

€t ttot€ ml vporipas &ras vTrepopwfjLCvas rro'Aei 165 

ffiricraT iicrvnCav <f>\6ya irrjiiaTos, eA.0er€ kclI vvv, 

a) ttoitol, ivipidfxa yap <f>€p& [fyx os 

mj/iara' voce? bi juwh itpdiras ot<$Aos, oid' Iw <f>povTlbos 

<S ns dX^ercu. oifre yfy> licyova *7* 

xXvras \0ovbs ai^rat ovt€ tAkoutip 

lr\t(i>v KapArcov avi\ov<n yvvcuKts* *74 

iXkov b % hv aAAo) Trpoff&ot? &re/> cvnrcpov opviv 

Kptlcraov afiaLfxaKirov irvpbs fippevov 

&KTav Ttpbs kvitipov Ocov' 

151.-158. = 159.-165. 167.-178. = 179.-189. 



10 20<t>0KAE0T2 

&v ttoXls avaptdfjios oWvrai' 

vrjkta bi yivedka ispbs *n4b<p 0avara<p6pa Kctrai clvoIktohs' 

Iv 5* &\oxpi iroXial r tat iiaripcs lSl 

aKTav vapa fidpuov SX\o$€V &\kav 

\vyp&V TIOVVV lK€T7Jp€S im<rT€V&xov(nv. l8 5 

Ttaiav hi Xa/x7T€t <nwoW<7a re yrjpvs SpLavXos* 

&v v7T€p, S yjpvcria Ovyarcp Ato?, 

evQira Tr4fi^rov oXk&v 

"Apea re rbv ndkepbv, bs vvv &\o\kos a<rnlb<av *9° 

<j)k4y€i /x€ irepifioaToV) &vtl&(o) 

TTaKCa-arvTov bpiprjixa zwr/crat iraTpas 

Hirovpov, €lt is fxiyaif 

6aka\xov 'Afujur/ofra? *95 

clx & top aito£evov oppxov 

GprJKtov Kkvbtova' 

r&ei yap *l rt vb£ d^fj, 

tovt ii? ??fxap Ipxerar 

toV) a> Tav irvp(f)6p<i)V 200 

aarpanav Kp&rrj vi{iMV 9 

o) Zev TraTcp, vtto <ry <f>0urov Kepavvta. 

AijKeC ava£, t<£ tc <ra xpv<TOorp6<l>(ov ait ayicvXav 203 

/3e'Aea Oikoip! hv abifmr ivharticrOai 205 

apwya Trpoarayphnay t&s tc irvp<f>6pov$ 

'Aprfyibos alykas, fiv ats 

AtW opca 8ia<nr€i* 

190.-202. ■■ 203.-2 15. 



OlAinOTS TTPANN02. 11 

tov xpva-ofjLLTpav re klkXtjo-ko), 

Taaft iirdiwjjiov yas, 2I ° 

oiv&ira B&tcxpv eviov, 
Maiv&bwv dfioarokov 
irekaaOrjvat <j>k4yovr 
ayka&m — w — 

7r€wca Vi tov aironfjiov iv Oeols 0eoV. 2I 5 

OI. aircfc* a 6' abets, t&ii iav Sekys lirrj 
kXv&v b£x€<rOcu Trj voarv ff* VTrrjpeTeTv, 
akicqv k&fiois av KavaKotyunv kolk&v 
ayo) £ ivos piv tov k6yov Tovb' i£ep&, 
£ivo$ be tov Ttpayfilvros. oi yap hv fianphv 22 ° 

lyvevov avTOy fxr/ ovk ixjuv rt oi5/x/3o\oj>. 
vvv b\ vvTepos yap aorbs els aorovs Tek<a t 
ipXv 7rpo</>a>i>d> vcun Kabfieiots ride* 
Sorts itoff vp.G>v Aaiov tov Aafib&Kov 
K&roibev avbpbs iic tCvos btdkero, 225 

tovtov nekev<a ir&vra 0-qp.alveiv ipx>C' 
net p.ev <J>o/3€?tgu, ToxmUkri^ VTte£ek<av 
avrbs Kaff ovtov' ireiareTai yap ikko p.ev 
aorepyes ovbev, yrjs 5' iireio-iv &o-<j>akrjr 
el 6' aZ Tts akkov olbev c£ aAArjs x^ ovo ^ 2 ^° 

tov avrSyjeipa p.r\ cuaTraTW rb yap 
icipbos TeAd) 'ya> \f^ x^P t5 Trpoo-iceioreTai. 
el b 9 at o-womjowfle, *ctu rts 7) <j>lkov 
befoas airdcrei. tovttos fj x&vrov rode, 



12 204>0KAE0YS 

clk T&vbe 8paVw, ravra yjyq ickveiv ifiov. 2 35 

tov avbp a-navbo) tovtov, Sort? i<rn. t yfjs 

T7Jab\ fjs ey&> Kpdrrj re kclI Opovovs vipa, 

fiijr* iarbexeaOcu /uwfre Trpoo-Qaveiv Tivb\ 

ixrjr iv $€&v euxauri, /xijre 6vp.a<nv 

koivov TtoieiarOai, /iijre yipvifias vifieiv 2 4<> 

&0eiv b' iir 9 oIk&v iravras, &s fiiaoyzaros 

TOvb* fjplv SvTWSi &>S TO TlvOlKOV 06OV 
IJLOLVTGIOV i£4(f>TJV€V apriO>S ipX)L 

eyo> yfcv ovv roioV&e t<£ re baCfiovi 

t<£ r avbpl Tip OavovTi (rvfifxaxos tt4\w 2 45 

vfuv 6e Tavra ir&vr €TTHTKrjirr<o reAeu>, 2 5 2 

virep t efjixwTov, tov Oeov Te, ri}o-8e re 

yr\s 58' dKapTTGos K&Oim icfrOapnivrj?. 

ovb' e£ yap tJi> to irpayp.a p.r) OerjXaTOV, 2 S5 

CLKaSaprov v/xas eikbs rjv ovra>s eai>, 

avbpos y apCorov fiaaikim r <5Aa>\oVos, 

oAX' i£ep€vvav vvv 5' eVel ia>pa> r eya> 

l)((i)r y&v ipxas, as ZkzIvos eT\e 7rpii>, 

exaw 8e XiKTpa kclI yvvat\ 6/uu>crcropoi>, 2 6o 

koiv&v re Tralbotv koCv* bv, el xeCvtp yivos 

ft?) , 8vOTtJx»?0"€j;, ^V &V iKTT€<f>VKOTa, ' 

vvv 8' es to K€tvov Kpar ivrjkad' f} ruffi 
avff &v iyoi t6S ', oorcpel Toifiov warpos, 
vTrepixaxpvfiai k&.tf\ ti&vt a<pl£ofiaL, 26 5 

iijrfij; tov avT6\€ipa tov <f>6vov Aaj3etr, 



OIAinOTS TTPANN02. IS 

r<3 Aa/38aieeia> ircubl TLoXvbdpov re ical 

tov TTpoaO* Kibpov tov ir&Xai t 'Ayrjvopos' 

koI ravra tois juw) bp&aiv ev\opjax Oeovs 

\rf\T &porov avTote yrjs avUvai riva 270 

pjjfr . oiv yvvaiK&v naibas, aWa ra> irorfup 

r<S vvv <J>0epeur0(u k&ti tov$> kxOiovc 

KaT€v\oixaL be tov bebpanoT, ehe ns 246 

eh &>v k4\rj6ev ehe TtKeiovw pera, 

KCLKOV KCLK&S VIV CLfJLOpOV eKT/w/rtU [ZCoV. 

eire&xojjLai b\ oLkoutw el £yveorios 

ev rois ejxofe yivoiT* ip,ov ovveiboTos, 250 

iraOelv &nep toIo-6' ipTim fjpao'ip.rjv. 25 1 

vjjllv be tois ak\oi<ri Kafyxeiois, 8<roi$ 

Tab* ear 9 apecKovff, ij re oUpLfMaxps ACktj 

Xpl TT&VT€S €V £vV€l€V elaacl OeoL *1$ 

XO.&arTrep p! apalov !\a/3es, cSS 1 , &va£, ip&. 

ovt Hktclvov yap ovre t6v ktov6vt e\(a 

8ei£ai, to be {rJTrjpia tov irep^avros rjv 

&olfiov ro8' elirelv, Sorts elpyaorai iroTe. 
01. bUaC lAefas* dAX' drayfcticrcu 0eovs 280 

hv p.ri 6i\(a<nv oib"* av els bvvaix avrjp. 
XO.rh bevrep 9 h T&vb 1 hv XiyoipH afxol boicet 
OI. el Kal TpCr earl, p,rj Trapfjs to juw) ov <f>p&o-ai. 
XO.&vclkt ivcLKTi Taiff op&vr iirCaTapiat 

pj&Kiara 4>oi/3«i> Teipevlav, nap ov rts hv 285 

o-kottQv rib', 3>va£, €Kfxd6ot. OTt^cVrara. 



14 SOfcOKAEOTS 

01. dXX' ovk iv apyols ovbe tovt iTrpa£Ap.rjv. 

lirepAJra yap Kpeovros ehtdvros bnrkovs 

TrofjL7T(y6s' irakai be /xt) irapotv QavpACerai. 
XO.kch fXTfv t& y SXka K<t></>a koX iraXaC 9 liny. 29° 

01. to. Ttoia Tavra ; iravra yap cr/cowo) \6yov. 
XO.Oaveiv i\e\Ori irpos rumv obovnopwv. 
Ol. rjkovaa Kayd m rbv be bpQvr oibels 6pq$. 
XO.&X)C el n p.ev brj beip.aT<*>v k\ei pfyos, 

ras a-as clkovodv ov fievet roidotf a.pa\s. *95 

01. <S px\ 'art bp&irn r&ppos, ovb' iiros (fro/Bel. 
XO.&\)C ov£e\ly£(»>v avrbv Zoriv oHte yap 

rbv Oelov rjbri p.6.VTiv &$ Hyovaw, <S 

r&krjOes iinrecpvKtv avOpdiraiv fi6vv. 
01. £ ir&vra vwn&v Teipeala, biaiai re 3°° 

&pprjrd t ovpivii re koI yflovocrTifiri, 

7r0A.tr ixev, el ical p,rj fikeireis, (f)poveis 6*' o/xa>s 

ola v6<n$ (rvveoTW fjs <re irpoarirriv 

vwrijpS. r', (3i>a£, pjovvov e£evp(o-Kop.ev. 
- ^ol/3os yap, et n fxrj Kkveis tQv &yy£\a>i>, 3°5 

TripLyfraa-Lv fjpuv ivriirepLyj/ev, IxXvo-tz; 

p.6vr\v av ikOelv rovbe rov voar\p.aros 9 

el rovs KTavovras A&iov p.aQ6vres ev 

KTetvatp,ev, fj yfjs Qvyabas iKitep^aipieOa. 

av 5' oiv <f>0ovrjo-a$ fja/JT* ii: oluv&v fyanv 3 IQ 

p.i]T el tlv SXkrjv fxavriiajs fyeis obbv, 

pvvai ceavrbv xai ttoKlv, pvcrax 8 1 e/xe, 



OIAinOYS TTPANN02. 15 

pvvai bi irav plaxryxi tov tcOvtjkotos. 

iv aol yap i<Tfi€V ivbpa b* wfekciv &</>' S>v 

l\Ol T€ KCLi biJVCUTO KokkiOTOS TTOUOS. 3»5 

TEIPE2TA2. 

<f>€v <j>€v } . <f>pov€W &s betvbv ivOa fir) t4\t} 
AtJfl <t>povovvTi. ravra yap kclKQs iya> 
€t5i>s btdkecr* ov yap &v bcvp iKOfirjV. 
01. tC 8' 1(ttiv; &s Sfivfios do-ekrjkvdas, 

TE.&(p€S fJ? is OLKOVS' p$<TTCL yap TO <r6v T€ (TV 3 2 ° 

Kayo* bto(<r<a tovjaov, rjv ipol ttCStj* 
01. out Ivvofi ctiras ovrc irpoaQikr} irokct 

Tfjb^y {} <t* iSpe^e, rrjvb' airo<rT€p&v <f>6rtv. 
TE.6/)© yap ovbc col to abv (jxainjfx 9 Ibv 

itpbs Kaipov &s ovv fxrjb'' iy<a ravrbv itaOa. 3 2 S 

01. fir) irpbs Ot&v <j>povQv y airoarpatjjfjs, intl 

TF&VTCS <T€ TTpO(TKVVOVfl€V ot5' tlCTTIpLOL. 

TE.*ndurr€s yap ov <\>pov€iT. iyv 5' ov \xr\ ttotc 

r&pL m &v {lira, /xi) ret a 9 iK<fnjv<a Kaica. 
OI. rl <py$; £vv€ib<i>s ov <f>p6xr€is, &kk* ivvocis 33° 

fjfias TTpobovvai ko.1 KaraQOelpat ttoXlv; 
TE.eycb oif ifxavrbv aire <r' akyvvto, r( ravr ' 

akkm ikiyxfis ; ov yap &v iruOoio p.ov. 
01. ovk, £ Kan&v k&kiot^ kol yap hv irirpov 

fyxxjw ov y dpy&vtias, ef e/>eis ttot%, 335 

aXk' &b* &T€yicros K&rcActJnfros $am; 
TE.dpyqv i}i4pLyfr(a tt)v ipr)v, rr\v aol 5 1 6p.ov 



16 20<K>KAE0T2 

vaCovaav ov tcaretfc?, dXA.' 2p% i/reyeis. 
01. Tts yap Toiavr hv ovk &v 6pyC[otT iitrj 

k\6uv 9 a vvv (rv rrjvb' drtftdfcis irokw; 34° 

TE.qfci yap avrci, k&v hy& atyfj <rr(y<o. 
01. 0VK0VV & y* 7}^€L f koI dl XP 7 ) ^*y*w ^M ^ 
TE.ovk &z> Wpa <j>p&(raiiu. irpbs T&b' 9 €t 0&«s, 

dvfwv bC opyrjs tjtis iypuoTirq. 
01. kclI firfv Traprj<roi> y ovfev, a>9 opyrjs ex*** 345 

&iT€p frvCrtfi. IcrOi yap boK&v ipol 

nal (vfi(f)VT€V(rai rovpyov, dpy&aOai ff, oaov 

fir) x^P ^ Kafrw d 5' Myxaves /8A«ra>i>, 

jtai roipyov av crov tovt i$>i\v eu>ai [wvov. 
TE.&A7y0€s ; ivviirca ai tw Krjpvyp,aTi 35° 

<StT€/0 7TpO€l7Ta? k\ip.lv€LV, K&fi i)fl4paS 

ttjs w3p Trpooxwoap /x^re rovV5e /j^t* ipi, 

£>s ovti yijs r^otf avoai(D fu&oropt. ( 
01. ovxa>s avaibm i$€K(vri(ras robe 

to prjfia ; kclC tsov tovto <£ev£ecr0(u bonds ; 355 

TE.Tri(f>evya' Ta\r}$te yap layyov rpitfxa. 
OI. irpbs tov bibaxOek ; ov yap %k ye rrjs rixyi^ 
TE.Trpo? aov' av yap p? itcovra irpovrptya \eyeiv. 
OI. Ttolov Xoyov ; \iy avOis, a>; fxaXXov /ju£0a>. 
TE.oixl (vvrjicas itp6a0ev ; r) ^o-ccpa kiy€iv ; 3<*° 

Or. o^x (Sore y ditclv yvcarSp' ak\' avOis Qpiaov. 
TE.Qovia a€ <f>rjiu r&vbpbs ov tfrreis Kvpeiv. 
01. &k\' > ov ti x a tp<»v M$ Y* injpLovas ipcU. 



OIAinOTS TTPANNOS. 17 

TE.e&ro) n brJTa koAA\ tv opyCCjj irXiov ; 

01. oaov ye XPflC 645 ' ® s p-i^r\v dpqartTai. 3^5 

TE.AeArjoVwu o~e (frrjp! avv rots o^iArdYois 

ataryiaff opuXovvr, ovb* opav tv el kclkov. 
01. rj Kot yeyqOm raur' del Ae'fetu boiceis ; 
TE.ewrep rf y' earl ttjs dAqdefa? oQivos. 
01. dAA' eort, ir\V crof croi 8e rovr* ovk 2ot , eiret 37° 

ru(f>\bs t& t S>ra tov re vovv ri r Sfifiar ci. 
TE.ai 8' £0At(fc ye tclvt dvablfav, a vol . 

oibeh bs ovyl 70)1/6' bVei&tet t6%ci. 
01. ftiay rp4<j>€i irpbs vvktos, <Sore \x!\t' efxe 

/uw/r &\\ov, Sorts <f>&s opa, /3\6.\jr<u ttot &v. 375 

TE.ov yap <re fxotpa wpos y' e/xov Treo-eti;, ewet 

licavo? 'AiroAAaw, $ r6S eKirpa£at /xe'Aet. 
01. Kpiovros, r) crov ravra TdfevpiJ/iara ; 
TE.KpeW Se* cot 7n}jt/ ovSev, dAA' avrds o*fc ao£ 
01. a> tt\ovt€ koI rvpavvl koX ri\yv rixyrp 3$° 

V7repc>epoi/o-a r<j> -TroAvfijAcp filta, 

Saos irap' vp.lv 6 <j>Q6vo$ <f>vk&cr<r€Tcu, 

e£ rrjabi y &p\V s ovv*x, fjv ip.ol tt6\ls 

boiprjTov, ovk alrqrbv 9 daexclpurev, 

raCrrjs KpeW 6 Tuorbs, ovf &pxv$ 4>Ckos, 3 8 5 

kiOpa fx ifnckOav iK^aKelv tjxe/perat, 

v<Peh pAyov rotovbc p.rjxp.voppi^ov, 

b6\iov ayvprrjV, Sorts iv rots Kipbeaiv 

\xovov bibopM, ttjv t^xztjj; V l$v rv<l>\6s. 



18 SOfcOKAEOTS 

€7rcJ, <f>ip eht\ t itov ov fxdvris cl aa(f>rjs ; 39° 

7rd)s ov\ 9 30' fj payj/ubbs ivBdtf rjv kuW, 

Tjvbas tl Tolab' acrroiaiv CKKvrrjpiov ; 

KatroL to y alviyp! oirxji rovinowos fjv 

avbpbs foeuruv, a\\a fiavTclas ibef 

fjv ovt cltt ofavQv ov 7rpov<t>dvr)s fy<av 395 

ovt in Oc&v tov yv&rov &k)C iy<a /uoAow, 

6 fxrfhiv ciS&s Oiblitovs, hravad vtv, « 

yv<&WI Kvpri<ra$ ovb* cltt' olwv&v paO&v 

ov brj (rv TT€tpq$ iKfidkew, boK&v Opovois 

7rapaaTarrja"€iv rots Kptoireiois 7re\a;. 400 

Kkduv bonds fwi kcu ait X& avvOds rdde 

hyrjkarTivuv' el bi /xrj 'boiceis yiptav 

etvat, TtaOhiV lyws ftv old Ttep Qpovcts. 
XO.fiiilv piv et*d<[bv<n koL ra rovS <brq 

6/oyp AcX^dat koX ra <r\ Oibfaovs, 6o*€t. 4©5 

b& 8' ov TototJrcoy, &A\' S-nas tcl rod Oeov 

pjavTtC Sptora AvVojxei;, rofie crieoireiip. 
TE.«i Kal Tvpavv€LS 9 i&crvriov ro yovV 

&r dvnAif ar rovbc yap K&yv Kpar&. 

oi yip ti aoi {& bovkos, aXKh Ao£Cqr 410 

<Sot oi Kpiovros ttdoot&tov ycyp&yj/oiiai. 

kiyco b\ iireibri koX tv<j>\6v p wveCburas* 

(rv Kal bebopKas kov jSA&tcis tv* €t kclkov, 

ovd' ivOa vaUis, ovb' orcav oIkcis \iira. 

ap* dlaff axp &v «7 ; koX \lkr\0as i\Bpos &>v 41 5 



OIAinOTS TTPANN02. 19 

• rots aol<rtv avrov vipd* k&ttI yrjs area, 

kolC a* d/i^tirAijf /uujrpos tc kou tov aov irarpo? 
i\q ttot £k yrjs Trjvfc fcwoirovs apa, 
fiKivovra vvv piv opff, cVcira bi gkotov. 

pOTJS &€ T7]S <rij$ TTOiOS OVK loTCU Aifi7/I>, 420 

ttoios KiOaipwv avxji ovpxfxavos ra^a, 

orai; Karato-dy tov vpivaiov, ov bopuois 

avoppjov €l(T€ir\€V(ras 9 €im\oias rvyj&v ; 

&Wa>v 8e TiKfjQos ovk iiraio-Odvti kclk&v, 

& o-' £f to-aWei oW re icol rots vols tIkvois. 4*5 

TTpOS TCLVTCL Kal KpioVTCl /Cat TOVfJLOV oropa 

Tipoirqk&KiCe. aov yelp ovk Iotiv fipoT&v 

k6joov Saris £KTpifiri<T€Tat wore. 
OI. fj ravra brf? clv€ktcl irp6s tovtov kKvsiv ; 

ovk efe oktQpov ; ovyli Oaao-ov ; ov itiXw 43° 

&\jroppos oIkuhv iwd' a-noorpafah &ret ; 
TE.oid' iKopujv iy<ay tw, d ov prj \6k€i$. 
01. ov yip tC v {joy p&pa (fxavrjo-ovr , iirtl 

°X°^i? * & v °^ ov « T0v s *povs ivT€t\apriv. 

TE.^/X€tS" TOtoflf l(pVfl€V 9 &S \l€V Vol boK€l, 435 

ix&poij yovewn b\ 61 <r' l^wo-ov, Ifuppovcs. 

01. TIOIOKTI ; ptlVOV. Tls bi fJL Zk<J>V6L fipOT&V ', 

TE.T/d' Tjfiipa <pvv€i <re Kal biaxf>$€p€i. 
OI. o)9 tt&vt iyav alviKra Kaaa^rj \4y€i$. 
TE.ovkovv av ravr* ipurros evpivKtiv l<f»vs ; 449 

01. Toiavr dvclbtC* ots Ifx eiprjvtis pAyav. 

C 2 



20 SO^OKAEOTS 

TE.avrr; ye fxivroi v f} r6yri bu&kearev. 

01. <iA\' €t 7roA.li; ti}v5' c^eVpo-', ov fWL /xe'Aei. 

TE.&7T€lftt ToiwV* K0l OV, 7TCU, KOfXL^ fl€. 

01. icofiticVo) o^tf' ' a>s irapiov <ri y ipurobtov 445 

o^Acis, ovOds t &v ovk hv &kyivai$ irkiov. 
TE.cIttwv aireifi &v o$V€K JjXOov, ov rb arbv 

bchras irpoo-cairov ov yap caff vnov fi oAeis. 

\4y<a bi aor top ivbpa tovtov, hv ir&Kai 

(rjT€is aireOi&p K&.vaKqpv'vo'tov <j>6vov 45° 

tov AaUiov, oirds i<mv iv06.be, 

£ivo$ Aoyo> h&oikos, ctra 8' iyyevrjs 

<j>avrj<r€T<u 0tjj8cuo$, ovS* fi<r$rj<T€Tai 

ttj £vfx<popq' rv(f)\6s yap in btbopnoros 

/cat 7rra)xo5 &vt\ ttXovo-Cov £4vrjv lm 455 

o-Kifrrpo) TTpobeiKvvs yaTav Ipmopevverai. 

<f>avT\(TtTai. be itaidi rots avrov £vv<hv 

abe\(f>6s avrbs Kal Tror^p, k&£ rjs l<f>v 

yvvaucbs vlbs kgu ttoctis, kclI tov irarpbs 

dfufcrvopos re Kal (povevs. Kal Tavr liav 4^o 

6i(T0) XoyCCov' *bv \&prj$ hfrevvpLivov, 

(pd(TK€iv e/x' Tjbrj fmvTLKrj nrjbev <j>pov€LV. 
XO.n's ovtlv* & Oea-TtUireta Aektyh clire irhpa 463 

ipprjT apprjr&v rekiaama <j>oivlaiai yjepalv ; 465 

&pa vw htWabw 

lirnav aOevap&Ttpov 

463.-47*. =473-48*. 



OTAinOTS TTPANN02. 21 

<j>vyq iroba Mfxav. 

evoir\os yap itf airrbv iirevOpdvuet 

irvpl Kal <TT€poTrais 6 Aibs yev&as, 47° 

betval 6' &fi iitovrai 

Krjpes ivaTrkAicrjTOL. ** 

i\afi\jf€ yap tov vufrdevros iprhas (pavela-a 473 

(papa Uapvaaovjov i.br\\ov avbpa tiian* i^yziuv* 475 

<j)ot,Tq yap irn kypiav 

vkav bvd r' ivrpa Kal 

irirpas &T€ ravpos, 

fX€\€OS p.€\4(p TToblMpdjOW* 

tcl p.€<r6p.<l)a\a yas aTrovoo-<f>i(<av 4&° 

yjxvrua' tcl & ael 
((avra TTtpntoTarai. 

bewh fiev o8p, beiva rapdo-trci <ro<£os olatvoOiras, 483 
aire boKovvr ovt 9 SlttoQAvkovO'* ' S ti \4fo y dwopw. 48^ 
ireropLai V ikitiaiv ovt 1 ivOal? dp&v ovt* ottuto). 
tI yap $ AafibaKibais [rain)v wo) 

^ t$ Ylokvfiov veiicos licetr* ovre iripotOiv ttot* iytay ovt€ 
ifiaOoVy irpbs Stov by fiaadv<a 

M tclv eirCbapxtv <f>Anv etp? Olbni6ba AafibaicCbats 495 
iirlKOvpos ifirjk<M>v Oavdr&v. 

AA\' 6 p\v oiv Zcfcs o t 'Air6\\o»v £uv€to\ Kal tcl fipor&v 
€i5otcs* ivbpuv b y on p.dim<i itkiov rj 'ya> 4>^percu, s°° 
Kplais ovk lariv dAqOrjr ao<j>(a 6' b\v aoQlav 
483-497. -49«-5". 



22 204>0KAE0T2 

TrapajjL€C\l/€i€V avrjp. 

dXA' ovttot iywy hv % irplv tbotfi SpObv ftroy, fi€fi(j>oiiivo)V 

(jxivcpa TTT€p6€<r<r > fjXOe Kopa [hv Karafyairiv. 

Trore, *ai <7O0O5 &$Qr) paaavv ff aftfrnoXi? r<3 air c/mas 

(j>p€vbs ovttot 6<j)Xrj<r€i Katlav. 5 * l 

KY.&vbpts ttoXltoi, bclv iirq 1T€TTV0'fx4v0S 

Karqyopeiv fxov rbv ripavvov Olbiirovv 

irapetfi drAryrdw. tl yap iv rats £vjx<f>opal$ 5*5 

rats vvv to/uu£« irpSs rl pov TrtirovOivaL 

XSyotaiv At ipyoiaw is pX&prjv <j>4pov, 

ovroi fiiov fxoi tov paKpafovos tt60os, 

<t>4poirn Trjvfte j3&£iv, ov yap ds airXovv 

7) (7)fxCa fioi tov X6yov tovtov <f>4pci, 5 2 ° 

dAA 1 is fxiyiorov, el nanbs fxkv iv TroAei, 

kclkos hi irpbs aov Kal fyCktov K€K\rjaofiai. 
XO.aAA 1 i^0* H% v &l tovto Tovvctbos tA\ & v 

6pyfj ftia<rQ1v pJaXXov rj yvdfirf (ppev&v. 
KP.tov irpbs 8' i(j>iv$rf rats e/btats yvdpuus 6Vi 5 2 5 

7T6io"0€is 6 fxivris tovs X6yovs \ffevbtis Xiyoi ; 
XO.rjvba.To p,€v rib\ otba 6' ov yvdjjJi tCvi. 
KP.e'f dpLii&r&v 5' opO&v re kcl£ 6p6rjs <j>p€vbs 

jcan/yopetro TovirUXruia tovt6 fxov ; 
XO.ovk oV?' a yap bp&v ol Kparovvrcs ov\ 6p&. 53° 

avrbs 8' 08' rjbrj 5a>ftaYa>p !fa> wep§. 
01. ovros av, tt&s bevo* rjXOcs ; fj Toar6v$ ?X els 

ToXfJLris Trpdaanrov <8ore rets ipas ariyas 



OIAinOTS TTPANNOS. 23 

ikov, (frovevs i)V rovbe ravbpbs tpxpavm 

krforrjs t* ivapyjfs rrjs e/utijs rvpavvCbos ; 535 

<ptp diri irpbs $e&v, bei\tav fj fxcopiav 

tbdv tiv iv fxoi. Taw"* i/Sovkevo-cd itocelv ; 

i) roipyov &$ ov yv&piolfjiC crov Tob* 

b6k<a irpoa-ipTTov kovk aXz£oipj\v fxaOdv; 

dp* ovyl fi&pov iari Tovyy€Cpt)p& <rov, 54<> 

&vev re itXrfiovs kclI <p(kuv rvpavvlba 

Orjpav, o* iiXrjOei \pr\\i.aoLv ff d\wr*ccrat ; 
KP.oIo-0' is iroCrjcrov; avrl t&v €lprjjjL€V(dV 

Xa avr&KOvaov, k$to, kdZv airrbs fiaOdv. 
01. \iyuv ov havbs, pavOdveiv 5' iyta kcucos 545 

ow bv(Tfi€vrj yap #cal fiapvv a* rfipr\K ifxoL 
KP.rour' avrb vvv fxov irpQr Ilkovoov a>? epw. 
OI. tovt avrb fxrj \xoi <pp&C, ottg>s ovk cl kclkos. 
KP.cI toi vopilfas KTrjfxa ri)v avOabiav 

Aval n tov vov X(*>ph, ovk dpd&s (ppovtfs. 55° 

01. et rot vop.l{€i$ &vbpa ovyyevrj kclk&s 

bp&v ov%> v<p4$€LV rr\v bUr)v, ovk €v (ppovtis. 
KP. £vpL<prniC <roi ravr ivbtK *lpr\crOac to 8£ 

TF&Orjii diroTov (pigs itaQtiv bCbaoKi ft€. 

01. l7T€tdeS, fj OVK $TT€ld€S, &>S' XP*fy M ^ 555 

tov acpivonavTiv ivbpa itip^acrOai rwa ; 
KP.icat vvv iff avTos etyxi t<j> ^ovAcifyzan. 
OI. m6oov tiv jjbrj bi)ff 6 Ai'ios xpovov 
KP.bibpaKt ttoIov Ipyov; ov yap ivvota. 



24 2OK)KAE0T2 

01. i(f>avTos eppei 6ava<rt\i^ \eipdfxaTi ; 56° 

KP./maxpol iraXatol r &v fierprjOeUv \povoi. 

01. tot ovv 6 fuivns ovtos rp iv rfj rixyri ; 

KY.croQos y dpioim #c&£ taov njM&ficvos. 

01. invrjarar' ovv ifwv u t<5 tot iv Xpovv ; 

KP.oiKoW ifiov y ior&Tos oibafiov irikas. 5 6 5 

01. &XX 9 ovk Ipevvav tov Bav6vros latere; 

KP.Trap4axop,€v, irm 5' ov\C; kovk f)Kov<rap.ev. 

01. irm ovv t60' o$to$ 6 crcx^o? ovk rfiba rd8e ; 

KP.ovk olb'* i<j> ots yap py <f>pov& ciyav <£iAa>. 

01. to gov b4 y ourOa Kal kiyois &v ev <f>pov&v. 57° 

KP.iroibu toV; el yap otbi y\ ovk apirqcrop.ai. 

01. 6$ovv€k 9 d p,fi vol (vvTJ\6e, rderd' ipas 

ovk iv hot elite Aatov biafyQopas. 
KP. el p&v \4yci Tab\ avrbs oltrB' 9 iyo» b4 gov 

p.aQelv 8tfcai& tovO* Unrep k&plov ait vvv. 575 

01. €KpAvdav' ov yap br} <f>ovevs a\<&o-opxu. 
KP. rl bfJT ; abe\<f)r}P rqv ipajv yrjiias #x cis > 
01. &pvr)ais ovk Ivtariv &v OVlGTOpeiS. 
KP. ap\eis 5* iicehrr} Tavra yrjs foov v4pu*v ; 
OJ. hv jj Otkovva itkir? ifiov Kop.l[€Tai. 5 8 ° 

KP. oiKOvv hrovpax G<fx2v tya> bvoiv Tptros ; 
OI. ivravOa yap by Kal jcajci? (patvet <l>l\o$. 
KP. ofa, et bibofys y m iy<o o-avraJ \6yov. 

GKtyai 8k TOVTO TTp&TOV, €1 TIP &V boK€LS 

ipxetp k\4aOai £vv <\>6{Sql(ti. fiaWov rj 5 8 5 



OTAinOTS TTPANN02. 25 

arpcoTov etbovr, ei ri y a%0' e£ et Kparrj. 
eyw /xcu ovp our avros Ipclptov l<f>vv 
Hipavvos ctvai pJaKXov 77 rvpavva bpav, 

o&f iXKos #OTlS (TitXppOVG'iv iltloTCLTai. 

vvv p&v yap fc <rov it Aon? 6v€v (p6fiov <f>4p<o, 59° 

el y airos fjpxov, ttoWcl kolv &mv lopow. 
itm brJT ifJLol rvpawh fjbCuv ^x 6u; 
&p\rjs aXvirov Kal bvvaordas l(f>v ; 

OV7TO) TQVOVTOV rpfaTr)pL€VOS KVp& 

&ot' aAAa XPflfav V Ta avv ^ipiei KaXi. 595 

vvv iroun xalpto) vvv fi€ ttcls ioiriCcTai, 

vvv ol <r40€V XPV( 0VT€9 aiK&Woval /xe" ♦ 

to yhp Tv\€lv avroicn mav ivravO* ivi. 

nm brjr cyw kciv &v XAftoipL fafrtU Tab* ; 

ovk &v yivovro vovs Kanbs koX&s (j>pov&v. 600 

aAA' ovt ipaorrjs Trjvb* Trjs yvdfxrjs l$vv 

oir &V fi€T iXXov bp&VTos &v TXahjv irori. 

Kal tQv$ thcyxpv tovto p.€v YlvO&b' l<hv 

irefflov Ta xp^o-^&r', cl (rcufnos rjyy€iX& <roC 

tovt aXX\ iav /xc t<J TtpacrKOTTto XAfijjs 605 

Koivfj n PovXevaavra, firj p? airXfj KT&vys 

yfrri<t><{>, bntXfj be, tjj t ipifj koI en), \apwv, 

yvc&pj) 6' ahrjXto fxrj fit xupls afrtw. 

ov yap bUatov aire tovs kclkovs plAttjv 

XP»?OTOVS VOp.L(eiV OVT€ TOVS XP r l 0T0VS *&KOv'$. 6lO 

<l>(Xov yap iotiXbv hftaXtlv laov Xeya 



26 20<&0KAE0rS 

Kai top Trap avTv fitorov, bv TrAeiaTOi/ <f>tAet. 

&k)C kv yjpovy yv(o<j€i rdd' ikercfyakm, iirel 

Xpovos bUaiov avbpa fteiKiwcnv fxovos, 

kclkov bi kolv iv fjfiipq yvotr)$ yua, 615 

XO. Kakm Ikcfcv evAa/tov/uteVw nto-eiv, 

&.va£' <j>pov€iv yap oi raxcts ovk acr<j>a\€is. 
01. orav rayys us ixoimifiovkeviov KiOpa 

\aipfi, raxyv Set K&fxi /3ovAet/€u> irAkw. 

d 6' fi(Tv\d((av TTpocrp.ev& 9 ra Tovb€ fi\v 620 

iteirpayniv lorat, ra/xa 6* ^aarq/meW. 
KP. t£ 877701 XPOfa* I V V** yfc <£ w jSaAeiy ; 
f)I. iJKiaTa' 6vrjcrK€LV, ov (frvyelv (re ^ovkofxac. 
KP. 6Vai/ TTpobeCgrfs olov iari to <f>$ov€iv. 
01. a>s ovx vTT€l£vv ov5e mcrrevaoiv Aeycis ; - 625 

KP. oi yStp <j>povovvr& <r y €v jSAeVa). 01. to yow> €/aoV. 
KP. aAA' If iaov 8ei Kap6v. 01. AAA' tyvs icaicrfs. 
KP. e£ 8e (vvCrjs fxrjbiv ; 01. aptcriov y S/uwos. 
KP. ovroi jcafca>? y &p\ovros. 01. £ ttoAis irrfAi?. 
KP. k^lloi ird'Aeas fi€T€OT«;, ovxi 0"oi /xoVa>. 630 

XO. iravaaxrO', ivaicres' Kaipiau V fyui> 6p& 

rrjvb' in bofxtov (TT€l\ov(rav 'loKdarqv, ficO* ijs 

to vvv TTaptdTos vciKos €v Oia'Oai xpc&v. 
I0KA2TH. 

tI tj}v &fiov\ov, a> TaXafaoDpoi, OT&ffW 

ykda-oTjs inrjpao'O' ovb* iitaKrxyvtaQ* yrjs 6 35 

ovro) voaovcrqs tbm uvovvres Kaica ; 



OIAinOTS TTPANNOS. 27 

OVK el (TO T OIKOVS <TV T€, KpioV, KCLTO, OriyCLS, 

Koi fir} rb fiqbcv ikyos es p,&/ ofcrere ; 
KP.o/Acu/uic, betvd fi Olblirovs 6 <rb$ ir6<ns 

bpcurcu Slkclloi, Oirepov bvoiv kclkoiv, 640 

17 yijs inwat itarplbos, 77 icrc&ai kafivv. 
01. tfixprjixc bpQvra yap vtv, a> yivai, Kaicws 

clkrjQa tovjjlop ar&fia avv rixyrf KaKjj. 
KP.firj wv Svaturjv, akk' apaios, el <r£ u 

bibpaK, Skolfjirjv, &v iiratTia /me bpav. 645 

10. 2> irpbs $€&v marevo-ov, Olbhtovs, rdSe, 

fxdXcara p&v rovb* opKov albtaOth Oe&v, 

fiTHTa Kafik rotiabe 0* 0% Ttapturi aroi. 
XO.mOov Ockrjaras (ppovrjaas r , fivaf, kl(T(rop,ai. 649 

01. ri aoi eke is brjr ei/cdfla) ; 

XO.rii; ovt€ irplv vrJTnov wv t iv opK(o \xeyav xaraffieo-at. 
01. ol<T0 y ovv a XprjCtis ; XO. olba. OI. <pp&C* ^V T l <£??*• 
XO.tov ivayfj <f>lkov pfaoT iv alrCa 656 

avv a<pavei koy<a <r anp.ov fiakelv. 
01. €v wv Motu, TavO' Srav Ctjttjs, ipx>l 

(rjT&v oktQpov ri {frvyrfv in rfjcbe yrjs. 
XO.ov rbv irivrav Qt&v Oebv irp6px>v 660 

"Akiov fcrci 6.6 eos Sxj>ikos o u iriparov 

dkoCfxav, (j>p6vrj(riv d T&vb' fya. 

akki fiot bv<rpj6p<p ya <f>6tva$ £65 

Tpv\€t. ytyvyav, riS *l kolkois nana 

649.-659. = 678.-688. 66o!-668. = 689.-697. 



28 SOfcOKAEOTS 

Trpoai\j/€i rots n&Kai tcl irpbs (np&v. 
01. 6 5' oZv fro), kcI XPV I** ttovt€\&$ OaveiVy 66 9 

rj yfjs &lti\iov Trjarb' aTnaa-Orjvai jSlq. 6 7° 

to yap o-bv, ov to Tovb\ iiTOLKT€ip(o crr6pLa 

i\€ivov ofoos 8* ivtf fa) jj arvyrjacTcu. 
KP.orvyvbs p£v ukm brjkos ct, j3aovs 8*, 5Var 

Ovfxov wpivrfs. ai 8c tolglvtcu (fivcus 

aureus dtfcata)? cloiv iXyiorac <f>4p€iv. 6 75 

OI.ovkovv fi i&aeis kclktos €?; KP. Tropevtropai, 

aov p£v rvx&v ayv&Tos, iv bi Toiab' fcros. 
XO.yt/wu, tI /xe'AAeu Kopt&LV bopoav tovS Icto) ; 678 

10. paOovaa y rjris fj rvyj], 680 

X0.b6icrjais ayvm \6yo»v JjXOc, bAirrci be kcu to /mi) 'vbticov. 
10. apcfro'iv air avrow; XO. vaiyj., 10. kclL tis qv \6yos ; 
X0.aA.t9 iptHy, &Xl$ 9 yas TTpoTrovovpitvas, &$$ 

(j>alv€Tac ivQ* IA.tj£ €i>, avrov piveiv. 
01. 6p§s tv t}k€is ; ayaObs a>r yvdprjv 6\vr\p 

rovpJbv irapCrjs ical KaTapfiXvveis iciap. 
X0.3>i>a£, €171-01/ pkv ovx &ra£ pavov, 689 

fcrfli. 5e irapa<l>p6vipj0Vy iiropov iirl <f>povip.a 

TT€<j)apOai p! &v, cl (re vo<r<f>lCopai 9 

os r fyiai> yav <£A.ar eV ttoVoi? 

aAvoi/ffaz; *ar ootfoi) ofyucraj, 695 

TOWV T €V7TOjLl7r09 cJ y4vOLO' 

10. wpds 0€«z> bCba£ov K&p\ b\va£, otov irori 
prjviv Tovrjvbt Trpiyparos orrjo-as ex 615. 



OIAinOYS TTPANN02. 29 

01. ip& o-€ yap t&vV h TrAeW, yvvai, crista' 7°° 

KpiovTOS, old /mot fcjSovkevKm i\€i. 
10. Aey', d <ra<j>(0s t6 vclkos iyxaX&v cpcts. 
01. (f>ov4a^fx€ <f>7jal Aa'tov KaSeor&vai. 
10. avrbs £vv€ib(bs, rj fxaOwv SXXov irApa ; 
01. fiavTtv p&v oiv KdKovpyov ioTrfyxp as, lircl 7°5 

t6 y *ls kavrbv itav iXcvOepol <jr6pxi. 
10. (tv vov a(j>€is (Tcavrbv &v \4yeis wept 

ipiov 'ir<!iKov<rov /cat fx&O* o$v*k ior( <roi 

fipOT€LOV oib€V liaVTtKTJS %X 0V l^X*"^ 

(f>av(a b4 vol 077/xeta T&vbc (rvvropia, 7 10 

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<IW/3ou y in: airov, t&v 6' xnrqpecQv &tto 9 

a)9 airrov f^oi fxolpa irpbs iraibbs Qavziv, 

Sorts yivoir ipod re KaKtivov it&pa. 

«cat roi; juiep, &air€p y' ff <f>aYt$, feVot wore 7 ! 5 

A^ora* <j>ov€vov<r iv TpnrXais a/maftrotr 

irat&os 6c jSXdoras ov biioypv 17/mepat 

rpets, Kaf pti> S/o^pa k&vos ivfctifas irobolv 

lppv\fr€v &\\<av \€paiv ifiarov eJs Spos. 

KavravQ* 'AiroAAaw ovt inelvov ijw<r€v 7 20 

<j>ovia ycvicOai irarpbs ovre A&iov 

to bewbv ov<j)Op€LTo irpbs 4rai8os itaBtiv. 

Toiavra (f>rjp.ai \xavriKal bu&purav, 

&v iirrpiirov av \ir\biv &v yap hv 0eds 

Xpclav ip€vvq pabfas airbs <f>av€i. 7 2 5 



30 20*OKAEOT2 

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yfrvxrjs ir\6.vr]fia K&vaictvri<n$ <j>p€V<av, 
10. irolas p.€plp.vr\$ rovff* into arpa^ls kiytw ; 
OI. lbo£ ' iucovarai arov rob\ &s 6 Adt'09 

Karaa^aydt] irpbs TpiirXais aptaf irots. 73° 

TO. rjibaro yhp ravr* ovbi 7ra> \rj£avr fyeu 
OI. Kai ttov 'aff 6 \&po$ ovtos oS tSo* fjv iriOos ; 

10. <S>0>K19 fJL€V 7f yrj fcAf/ftTCU, 0^4077/ 8' 66* OS 

es rairo AeA^&i* K&7rd Aai/Alas iyei. 
01. Kai r& \p6vos toutS* ^orii/ ov^KrjXvSds ; 735 

10. crxcSoj/ rt irpoaOcv rj av tt)<tV l\<av \Bovbs 

• apyr\v i<f>alvov tovt' iKt\pv\6r\ iroktL. 
OI. 2> Ze£, t£ jxov opao-at fiefiovkevacu iripi ; 
10. t( 5' £<nY o-ot to{3t , OJ56rovs, hOvpuov ; 
OI. pifTrco /m' ipdra* top hi A&iov <f>vtriv 74° 

tiV i}A0€ <f)p&C*> T tv* 8' &Kfir)v rjprjs ^(6>^. 
10. p.iya$ } \vodCov &pm kevKavOzh icapa, 

popcprjs hi Trjs <rrj$ ovk Aircordrct rrokv. 
01. ofyxoi t6Xcl$' iouc' ifiavrbv els ipits 

btwas irpofi&kXw dpruos ovk elbivat. 745 

10. was <j>rjs ; 6kv& rot wpos <r' &7ro(rK07roi/<r , ivaf . 
OL fctzw? &0vfi& firj fiXiiKtiV o pdvns rj. 

oa'fet? bi pJakkov, rjv iv ifciirrfs In. 
10. kclI p}jv 6kv& pkv, hv V Ipu fjiaOova* ip&. 
01. irorepov i\6pH /3atos, tj irokkovs i\(av 75° 

Hvbpas Aortas, oV iun}p apxrjfyiTris ; 



OlAinOTS TTPANN02. 31 

10. itivr fjaav ol ftfjATravres, iv 5' avroia-iv r\v 

icf}pv£ 9 airrjvrj b' fjy€ Aiiov pla. 
01. alai, T&8* rjbrj btcufxxvfj, rls rjv irori 

6 Tot5<r6c ki(a$ tovs \6yovs ifuv, yvvac; 755 

10. otoeifs us, &nrep freer iKaaOcls fwvos. 
01. rj k&v So'/iouri rvy\ivu ravvv itap&v ; 
10. ov brjr^ a<fi ov yap kcWcv rj\Oe xai Kp&rq 

<ri t etS' Ixpvra Ai'Cov r* d\a\6ra, 

i£iKh-€v<r€ Trjs ifxrjs x €L pfe Ovyvv 7^° 

bypovs <r<f)€ Trip^f/ai koltH iroifAvhav vopJas, 

i>s irkcloTov €h) rovb' imoTtros ^oreoos. 

K&TreiMxj/' iyd viv &£iq$ yap oV airqp 

bo\)\o$ <j)4p€lV fjv Tjjab* Kal fJL€C(<$> \6.pW. 

01. tt&$ b\v fwXoi bfjO' fjplv iv rd\u *<&& ', 7 6 * 

10. it&pcarnv. aWa irpbs tC tovt i(j>U<rai ; 
01. biboLK i\iavrbv, 2> yvvai, pj] Tr6\k 9 iyav 

efynj/xcV rj pot bC & viv dcnbeiv 6i\(*>. 
10. d\)C tjfcrcu fiiv i(la hi vov pjaOtiv 

Kay (a rd y' iv <rol bva^opas l^ovr*, &va£. 77° 

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ipov Pc/S&tos. t<{5 yap av nal /metfoi/i 

\4£aip{ &v % vol ha Tvxrjs ^otac^6 , Idv ; 

ifwl Ttarr\p \x\v U6\vfios rjv KopivOios, 

ftf/n/p bi Me/oom; Acopfe. ^yo/uwyv 6' dvr)p 775 

aoT&v idyunos tQv iice?, tsplv /xoi Tvyj\ 

voidb* iirioTrjy Oaviidaai plv d£ia, 



32 20*0KAE0YS 

airovbrjs ye fiimoi rrjs ip.rj$ ovk a£la. 

avrjp yap iv bcfavots p? virfpTrkrjaOch p.iOy 

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OIAinOTS # TYPANN02. S3 

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34 SO^Of^VEOTS 

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OIAinOYS TYPANN02. 35 

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d bi ns vitipoTrra \eptT\v rj koycp TropevtTcu, 883 

863.-872. =873.-882. 883.-896. =897.-910. 

D2 



36 SOfcOKAEOTS 

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42 , 2Of>0KAE0T2 

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d> KiOacpuVy ovtciri rhv kripav 1090 

iravaiXrjvov, /tw) oi ai y€ koll Ttarpiirav Olbhrov 

ical Tpo<f>bv Kat parip avgcw, \rvpavvois. 

Kal \optvea6ai irpbs rjp&v, &s inCrfpa fyipovra rots Cftots 

Irj'C* <J>oij8e, vol bi ravr apion* &q. 

ris <re, tIkvov, rts a*' In/crc t&v paKpai&vmv apa 1098 

XO86.-IO97. =s IO98. -I IO9. 



44 SO^OKAEOTS 

Nvft0a opc(T(rt/3ara itov IIO ° 

Yiavl TtKaOeZv; rj crv ye Kal yeveras 

Aofiov ; r<j> yhp Ttkaices ayp6vop.o\< 7ra<rai <}>tkav 

elS* 6 KvAAdVas avdvartov, J io 4 

elff 6 BaKxetos Oebs vaUav eV &Kpoav dpeoav a evprjfia be£ar 

Nvjbu^ap 'EXimvtbw, ats 7rAci<rra ovpiiraiCei. [Ik tov 
01. d XPV tl *d/xe p.rj ovvaWd^avra 7ro), II10 

TrpeVjSas, (TTaOpJaarSai, tov QoTrjp opav Sokw, 

oirnep irAkcu CrjTovfitv. ev re yap fJiCLKpip 

yrjpa £vvqbei r<38e ravbpl (rv/xfterpoy, 

aAAcos re roi/s ayoz;ra9 &<rnzp oUiras 

lyvtoK* ifiavTOv' tjj 6' €Tn<rrrjpL7j <rv pov I1J 5 

Trpoi/xois rdx' ap wov, roi; fiorrjp 9 ibvv irdpos. 
XOJyvoDKd yap, <rA(f> > IcrOt* Aatov yap. fjv 

etirep tis aAAo9 vurrbs £>$ voptiis ivrjp. 
OI. 0€ irp&r* epwra), tov KopivOiov £ivov, 

rj Tovbe <t>pi(eis ; AT. tovtov, oirnep elaopqs. 1 i 20 

OI. ovtos w, irpio-pv, bevpo \uoi (jxivei pkhnav 

ocr 1 av a*' ipa>T&. Aatov ttot* fjaOa av ; 
0EPAHQN. 

r) hovKos ovk vvriTos, AAA 1 oIkoi rpafats. 
01. ipyov p.epip.vQv irohv rj filov riva ; 
OE.7iGlp.vais Ta 7tkelcrra Tod /3fou avvenrofiriv. 1125 

01-x^pots fidA terra irpbs rhn £6vav\os <av; 
€>E.r)v piv KiOatp&v, r)v be Trp6a\(opos t6tto$. 
01. tov avbpa t6»V ovv olaOa rfjbi *nov pad&v; 



OIAinOTS TTPANNOS. 45 

OE.ri yjrqiux bp&vra ; *nolov avbpa koX Kiyeis ; 

01. tovS* bs TTap€<rnv fj £uvak\&£as ti 7tg>s ; * *3° 

0E.ovx &<n€ y 1 dittiv iv t6.\*i pvrjpiris foro. 

AT.Koibiv ye Oavpa, bioiroT*. dAV iy<i> aa<f>cos 

ayp&r' avajjurij(r<»> viv. eS yap dtb' on 

K&Toibev fjpos tov Kvdaip&vos tottov 

6 pev bnrXoiai 7roipv(ois, iyk 6' ivl "35 

Inkqcrlatov Tfbc ravbpl TpeTs o\ovs 

i( fjpos els apicrovpov kKprjvovs xpovovs' 

Xeip&va b' ijbri rapa t' els eiravK'* iy<o 

rjkavvov o$tos t is rh Aatov or ad pa. 

\4y<a ti tovtM) rj oi key<o ireirpaypivov; 114° 

QE.ke'yeis akrjOrj, nalirep in patcpov \povov. 
AT.^ig 9 elire vvv y t6t' olaQa italba pot Tiva 

bovs, &s ipavry Opippa dpexffaiprjv iy<& ; 

0E.rf V €<TTL TTpb? Tl TOVTO TOVTTOS laTOpeiS \ 

AT.ob'* i<TTlVi <u TCLV, KCIVOS OS TOT 9 7]V VMS. * '45 

GE.ov/c els SkeOpov; oi aitoTrfjo-as ?<r€i ; 
01. 8, prj KoKafe, itpivfiv, tovS 1 , iirel Ta aa 
bevrai koXcuttov pa\\ov rf rh Tovb' far}. 
QE.tI 5\ J <f>4pi<TT€ btoitor&v, apaprdvoi ; 
01. ovk ivviitoov tov itavt? &v oiros iaTopei. M5° 

€>E.\4yei yap elb&s oibh*. &W a\X<as novel. 
01. av irpbs x&pw l^ v °*> K tpeis, k\6mv V ipeis. 
GE.prj brjTa, irpbs $e&v, tov ykpovra \k alKicrp. • 

01. ov\ &s t&x o s Tl * T °vb* anooTpiyfrei X*P a * » 



46 SOfcOKAEOTS 

©E.Wottjz/os, avr\ tov ; H Trpotrxpjjfav fiaOelv ; * > 55 

01, tou naX* ZbwKas T<j>5' hv ovtos Icrropel; 

QE.lboiK' 6\4<r$ai & atye\oz> Tfjtf 77/xepa. 

01. aW* is too* tJ£hs firj Xc'yoi; ye to{/p8ikoi>. 

0E.7roXX<j> ye fxakXov, fjv (fypdura, $ioXXv/xcu. 

01. ai^yp 56', a>s (oiKtv, is rptfias ik%. ll6 ° 

0E.ov StJt* €y<*>y\ dAV etiroj; a>? Sowyi' 7riXai. 

OT. 7ro0ej> Xafi&v; obeioi/, rj '£ &XX01/ twos; 

GE.ifwv fxiv ovk 2y<ay\ ib^dfirjv be tov. 

OI. tu/os ttoXlt&v rawde k&k irolas oriyris ; 

GE.fxrj irpbs Oe&v, 11%, bioiroff, toropei irAeW. 1165 

01. oXa>Xay, ei a-e 700/ ipr\<rop.ai tt&Xiv. 

OE.t&v Aatov toLwv tls Jjv yeiw//ju£rct>p. 

01. 77 $o£Ao?, $ KtCvov ns iyy€viis yeyds ; ; 

0E.o2jxoi, 7r/)oy avnS y' ei/xl r<3 detpo Xeyew. 

01. icfiywy' &kov€iv akb? Spas &kov<tt4ov. "7° 

OEjce&ou ye toi 817 woiy eKX^fe^ ,t ^ 5* eVra> 

kcJAXiot' b\v efrroi en; yvwj rdS' &s i\€t. 
Ol.fj yap dftaxrtj; rjfde vol ; 0E. /Ad^Hrr', &pa£ . 
01. d)? 7rpAs ri xp€Cas ; 0E. a>9 ai/aXcScraifif viv. 
Ol.refcowa TX??jbta>i>; 0E. dtaQixw y okvv kok&v. "75 
01. Wow; 0E. icrerea/ viv tows rejafin-as rjv \6yos. 
QI.tt&s brjT 9 itpiJKas r<j> y4povn T<pbc av ; 
0E.KaroiKri'<ra9j 2> bicnroO^, &s iXKrjv \06va 

boK&v imolo-cw, airbs tvQzv Jjv 6 bi 

k&k is /leyicr' ea-axrev. eJ yap ovroy ct i»8o 



OIAinOTS TTPANN02. 47 

b*p <t>rj(TLV ovros, laOi 8tJ<nroT/uw>s y*y<&$. 
01. lov lov' tcl irivr* &p itfitot (rwjnj. 

co <f>&$> TtkevTalov (T€ Trpoafiktyaifii vvv, 

Saris irtyavfiat $tJs t* atf &p ov XPW> £ vv °& t 9 

ov yjrqv Ofxikcov, ovs t4 fi ovk Ibti ktclv&v, i»85 

XO.te> ycptal Ppor&v, 

w ifias foa Kal to ixrjfev (<&<ras tpapiBp.&. 

tCs yap, rls api\p nkiop 

ras evbaifiovCas Qipti 1 1 9° 

rj togovtop oaov boKUP 

Kal b6(avT* avoKkwai ; 

top <t6v toi Trap&btLyfx <:XO>V, 

top abp balfiopa, top abp, co Tkapjop Olbiiroba, fipor&p * '95 

ovbip ixaKapifa' 

OOT49 kcl0* irnepfioXav 

To£cvaa$ iKpirrj(T€ tov iripr cvbaCpopos oA/3ov, 

a, Zev, Kara pip (fiOCvas 

top ya\xy\r<*)wxa itapBipop 

Xprjafupbop, QavcLTCDV b' ipq i*o° 

X&pq irvpyos apicrra' 

e£ 0% Kal fiacrikevs xakei 

ifibs Kal ra ixiyurf cufi<{(fys, rah peyikaio'ip ip 

&rjpat,aip avdacrtov. 

rapvp y aKOveiP rk aOki(&T€po$ ; 1204 

tCs circus dyptat?, tCs ip itopois 
1186.-1 195. = 1196.-1 203. 1204.-1212. = 1213.-1222. 



48 204>OKAEOTS 

(vvoikos iWaya filov ; 

ia> KXetvbv Olbhrov K&pa, 

§ fxiyas Xifxrjv 1208 

avrbs rjpK€<r€V 

TTCLlbl Kal TTCLTpl 

6akajjL7]7T6\io Trcaelv, 

TT&S 1T0T€ 7TG>S 1To6' dl TTCLTpipat a? &koK€S ((>4p€tV 9 T&ka$, 

ov/ ibvviOrjaav h Toaovbt ; 

tyrfipi <r' aKovff* 6 ttAvS' op&v \p6vos, 12 13 

biKd&i t' ayafxov yafxov iraXat 

T€KVOVVTGL Kdl T€KVotipL€VOV. y "'S 

lo) AaUiov riicvov, 

*10€ <? €»€ <T€ 

lirjitor' elbofxav. 

bvpopLCLt yap &s 

7T€plaXk' > laK\hv 

Ik (ttohAtw. to 8 1 dpQbv ehtu', aviirveva'a r 1 in aid*v 

koI KaT€KoCpr)<ra Tovpx>v 6p.yja. 1222 

ESAITEA02. 
2> yfjs fUyiara rfjab'* del TipxApievoL, 
oV Ipy &Ko6(T€(r0\ dta V €lo6\lr€<r0\ Strop V 
ap€?cr$€ TtivOoS) cfrrcp iyy€vm In 1225 

tQv Aapbaiccuav IvrpiittaO* do/xdraw. 
olfxai yap ovt hv *lurpov oire <f>acrip hv 
vl\\rai Kadappuf rfjvbe ttjv oriyrjv, ova 

K€V$€L, TCL 8* OVtIk is TO <f)W <f>aV*i KCIKCt 



OIAinOY2 TTPANN02. 49 

kKOVTCL KOVK &KOVTCL. T&V hi TTT]flOV<aV 1*3° 

pAkurca ktntov<r a% (fxtv&o* aiOalperoi. 
XO.AeAret pip ovb* & trpootiev j^de/ie? rb /mi) o& 

^apf6(TTov > ctvar irpbs 8' iKcCvouriv rl <pjj$ ; 
EH.6 fiiv t&xjlotos t&v \6y<av tht&v re /cat 

/ma0etp, riOprfKe dciov 'IoKdarqs nApa. ' 235 

X0.2> 8t/<rn£Aaii>a, 7r/>is rlvos itor* alrlat ; 
EE.atTT) irpbs avrrjs. t&p 8e irpa\0ipT<ov rh pip 

SXytor &TT€<mv ff yap 8\jns ov iripa. 

#/uia>? 8\ i<rov ye k&p ifwl ixvTrjp.r)s liu, 

Tl€V(T€l TOL KeLvtJS odkCdS Tt(xfr{\\UXTa. ™4° 

&nm yap dpyfj \p<ap.iv7] TrapfjXO' 1 iata 

Ovp&vos, fer' €v$v irpbs rh Wfx^ikh 

AeX?7, Kopriv ottoo-' apxf>tb€((ois iK/mcus* 

niXas b\ Sirm elaijXO'', iTrippifaa* l<ra>, 

icaAet riv ^817 Aitor 7rdAai vcKpbv, '»45 

IxvrjiArjv Ttakatfav trnepix&rav typva?, ixf &v 

O&poi pkv abrbs, tt\v bi rUrowav Afoot 

rois dhrtv avrov Morenvov iraibovpylav. 

yoaro V cvvhs, ivOa bforqvos bnrkovs 

i£ ivbpbs ivbpa koI rim? in t4kpg>p t£koi. i*5° 

X&ra>? pkv in. t&vV ovkcV otb' airSWyrac 

fio&v yap eia-eVaurcx; Otblirovs, v^ oC 

ovk TjV rb Kclirqs iKOc&aa&Oai Kanbv, 

aX\ f efe inuvov TKpvRokovvT* &etWofX€i>. 

<f>oiT§ yap fjfias fyx os i£air<av noptlv, i*55 

E 



50 SOfcOKAEOTS 

yvvaiKa r 9 ov yvvaiKa, nrjrpyav & oirov 

kCxoi bunkr\v ipovpav o$ re /ecu t4kv<m. 

kvaa&vri V airy baipLOVotv htiKwo-l Tts' 

oibtls yap avbp&v, ot irapfjixev iyy&dcv. 

btwbv & avaas &>s v^rjyrjTov twos "60 

7Tv\cll$ bnrkais lirqkar^^ in bi TtvQpAvt&v 

Ik\w€ Koika Kkxfipa Kapmhnsi oriytj. 

o$ bff KpepaorrjV rffv yvvaiK daeCbopev, 

TrktKTcus idpais Ipmenkeyp.ivriv. 6 bi 

07r©s 6p§ vw y btwa /3pvxT]0ch r&kas, l26 5 

XaA.9 Kpefxaorrfv apr&vrjv. £tt€i be yfj 

&€iro TkrjfMav, beiva b' rjv TavOivb 9 opav. 

airooirdo-as yap dpi&Ttov yjpvoit)k£Tovs 

nepovas air' ovttjs, alaw ^fcor&Acro, 

apas in aid tv &p$pa t&v avrov kvk\g>v, 1 2 7° 

avb&v Toiavd^j odoivtK* ovk o^olvt6 viv 

oW oV i-naaxev oiO' 6-noV ibpa /ca/ca, 

alOC kv <tkot<p to kotitbv ots ixiv ovk cfoi 

oxj/olad', ots b' lxPll£ €V ov y v ^ (T0 ^ aro * 

T01OVT* tyvpLV&V TTOW&KIS T€ KOV\ &Ta£ "75 

ijpao-a 9 iiraipav fik4<f>apa. (poCviai b 9 dfiov 

ykr}vai*y4v€i 9 hvyyov, ovft avUaav 

(fntvov pLvbdo-as oray6vat, ik)C opjov pjikas 

6pLf3pos x&kaCi 6"* ai/xarovo-cr 1 iriyyero. I2 79 

6 vplv irakaios V Skfios r[V Tr6poi,0€ p.iv ' 28j 

Skfios bucauas, vvv b\ Trjb* Qrjixipq 



OIAinOTS TYPANN02. 51 

orei>ay/u^9, &T7] y Oivaros, alfryiirri, kcik&v 

8a ? i<rn tt&vtm dvSfiar, oibiv iar 9 &tt6v. r *&5 

XO.vvv b 9 loti* 6 TXrifxav iv rlvi <rxpXfj kclkov ; 
EE./3oa biolyciv tcXfjOpa kol brjXovv rtva 

to?s iracrt Kad/mcfoto-t rbv irarpoKTSvov, 

rbv firjrpbs, avb&v av6aC ovbi prjra jutot, 

&$ in \0ovbs ptyav kavrbv, ovV In "9° 

fX€vQv do/xo49 ipcuos, a)? fipdaaro. 

p(0fxr)$ ye ixivroi koI Trporjyrjrov nvbs 

fteirar rb yap voorifxa [A€?(ov t} <f>4p€iv. 

5e#ei bi ical <rol. icXrjdpa yap itvX&v rabe 

bioCycrai' diajia 8' elaSyfrci riyjx **95 

roiovrov olov ical tmryovvr iiroLKrCa-ai. 
XO.2) beivbv Ibeiv iriOos avOptoirois, 

a> buv6rarov tt&vt&v S(t iyb> 

TTpo<T&KVp<f rjbrj. tCs a- 9 , <3 rX^jutov, 

irpoa-iprj pxxvia ; tCs S irr)bri<ra$ i3°o 

fxeCCova baCpwv r&v paidoT&v 

irpbs <n) bvabaCfxovi fxoipa ; 

aXX* ovb 9 eVtdeu/ bvvafxaC <t, idiXiav 

v6X)C avcpiaOai, iroXXa TtvSioBai, 

voXXa'V iOprjcav 1 3os 

roCav <j>p(Krjv wopex^s fuu. 
01. alal aim, bvoravos lyk, 

7rot yas (ptpopm rXipuav ; ita fioi 

<j)0oyya bianiraTai (fwp&brjv ; *3 l ° 

E 2 



52 S04>0KAE0TS 

lo) bai\xov 9 Iv cfrjAAov. 
XO .is bcwbv, ov& clkovotov, oiff iTTOyfnfWP. 

OI. ££> (TKOTOV 

vi(f>os ipjbv a-n&rpoitov, iirnrk6fi€Vov iQarov, 

abafxarov re kcu bva-ovpiarov 8v. '3 '5 

otfAot fx6)C avO is' dtov clvibv fx &jia 

K&VTpOiV T€ T&V& oL<TTprt)pXJL KCU pLVrjpLTJ KCLK&V. 

XO.xal Oavfxi y* ovbiv iv Toaoltrbe Tn\pxx(j\.v 

bnibja. <r€ itevd&v kolL bnrka (f>op€iv *aica. 1 3 io 

OI. ta> <j>Ckos, 

ai fxlv iiws iirhtokos In /xoVt/xos* In yap 

VTTOfliveiS fX€ TOV TV(j>kbv KTjbeVtoV. 
<f)€V <f)€V. 

oi yip p€ krjdeis, akka yiyv<&<TK<* (ra<f>a)S, l 3 2 $ 

Kahrcp (TKOTtivbs, jrjv ye ai\v avhr\v fyua?. 
X0.<3 beLva bp&aas, irm irkrjs rotavra <ra$ 

S\j/€is papavai ; tCs <t iirijpc baiiwvoav ; 
OI. 9 Air6XXa>v rdS* Jjv, *A7r6kk<i>v, <ptkoi, 

6 kclkcl KaKa rek&v ifxa T&8 iflOL IT&OeCL 1$3° 

iTrato-e S 1 avr6xeip viv oifns, &k)C iyv Tk&iuav. 

tL yap I8ci /m 1 dpav, 

<Jto> y Sp&vn nr)biv rjv tbciv ykvic6 ; J 335 

XOjqv Tavff* oTtQxnrep koI ah <[>rj$. 
OI. tC brJT* iixoi pkenrbv, ^ 

1329.-1348. = 1 349.-1 368. 1313.-1320. = 1321.-1328. 



OlAinOTS TTPANN02. 53 

otc/jktoj/, rj upoarfyopov 

€T iar iiKovciv abov§, <f>ikoi ; 

airiy€T Ikt&mqv Sti ra\iara /me, 1340 

avdyeT, <2 <f>(koi, tov S\€0pov fxiyav, 

tov KaraparSrarop^ in. b\ kcu foots 1345 

i\0p6raTov jSpor&v. 
XO.SetAate tov vov ttjs re <JV\x($>opas tcrov, 

&s rjdiKrja-a fxrjbi <r hv yv&vaC wore. 
01. oXoi0' Saris r)v hs iypCas iribas 

vopM ivmoblas lAa/Je* p tiro re <p6vov 13s 

ipvro K&vi<r<t>(T€v 9 ovbiv is X&piv Ttp&vcrtov. 

tot€ yap b\v Oavav 

ovk r) <t>[\oi(riv oib' ipoi Toaovb' a\ 0St I355 

XO.OiKovri K&fxol tovt av rjv. 

01. OVKOVV TTaTpOS y &V <f)OV€VS 

fjKdov, ovbi iwp.<f>Cos 

fipoTois iKXrjOrjv &v l<jwv into. 

vvv b' &$€os \xiv efyi , ivoo-lw b\ irais, .1360 

6[Ao\exr}S b* luff &v avrbs etyvi> r&Xas. 

61 8c Tl TTpe<TpVT€pOV CT4 KCLKOV KOLKOV, 13^5 

tovt l\a\ OUblirovs. 
XO.ovk oV? &ra>s o-e <£a> fitfiovXzvcrQat. koXQs. 

Kpefoo-av yhp JjcrOa /uwjiceV &v rj C&v Tu^Acfc. 
01. £>s iskv t&$ oi\ &b % Iot 1 &pior elpyavpiva, 

pq p iKbibavK*, ixt)bi avfxfiovkev eri. 13 7° 

eya> yap ovk oV? op^maiv ttoiois fikfavv 



54 20<K)KAE0T2 

Tiaripa nor* hv irpoo-eTbov els * Aibov /moXcbr, 

ovV oJ5 r&kawav y^rip, otv ipxA bvoiv 

ipy 9 i<n\ Kpelvaov* hy\6vri$ elpyacfiiva. 

&k)C fj t4kvmv brjr o\fns fjv tyCfiepos, l 3l5 

j8AaoTovo• , Sirm I^Aatrre, irpoaXeva'aeiv ifxoi ; 

ov bfJTa rots y' ifioiaiv dQOaXpois ttot4' 

ovb* &otv y\ ovbe irupyos, ovbe ftat/xoraw 

iyikpaff Iph, r&v 6 iravrXrjfjxov £ya> 

KdWurr* avr\p els h> ye rats 0?}j3ai$ Tpa<f>els f 3 8 ° 

imearipr]o ? ep.avrbv y avrbs ivveimv 

&Qew iiravras rbv i<rcj9^, rbv in de&v 

(fxwivr 9 ivayvov koL ye* vows rod Aatov, 

roiivV iyh KijATda fiqvvo-as fyfiv 

dpOols fyeXXov SpLpLCLcriv tovtovs opav ; i3 8 5 

TJKiara y 9 ' &>OC el rfjs aKovoti<rrjs ir 9 fjv 

irriyrjs dV &r<av <f>payixbs, ovk hv eo\6firjv 

to pL&TTOKXfjaai roifxbv iOkiov b4p.as, 

b? fj tvQXos re koL kKvohv firjbev rb yhp 

rr\v (ppovrltf l£a> t&v kclk&v oiKeiv y\vic6. i39° 

i<b KiQaipvv, tI fx 9 ibe\ov ; rl p? ov Aaj9a>i> 

licreivas evdvs, &s fficifa p.r\TTore 

ifiavrbv ivOp&TtouTiv hOev rj yeyds ; 

a> HSkvfie Kal K6piv$e koX tcl itirpia 

Aoya> iraAatci b<!>p.aff, olov Tipa p.e >395 

K&k\os kclk&v farovXov igeOpfyjrare. 

vvv yhp kclkSs t &v k&k kclk&v evplo-Kop.ai, 



OIAinOTS TTPANN02. 55 

<5 rpels Kiktvdoi Kol K€Kfw^iJi€inj vinrt\ 

bpvp.6s T€ Kai arevambs iv rpnrXcus obois, 

a% roiyJbv atfxa t&v ifx&v yjeip&v &tto 1400 

inUr* irarpbs, Spd ptov fi4pLvrj(rff t 8tl 

oV. tpya bpdaas vplv €?ra bevp' l&v 

ottoV €TTpa(T(Tov avOts ; <3 yd/ioi yd/mot, 

i<j>4<ra0' 7) pas, kol <j>vr€6<ravT€s Tt&kiv 

dpcire ravrov oiripfia, KcbreSc^are 1405 

iraripas, abtkcpovs, it albas, alp? ip.$vkiov, 

iwpicpas yvvaiKas pyrepas re, \&Tt6(ra 

alxryior iv avOpdiroLoiv Ipya ylyvtrai. 

akJC oh yap avbav co-0 1 a fir)0€ bpav Kakbv, 14 10 

#7ra>9 ra\iara irpbs 0ca>i> 2£a> /x^ irov 

KaXfalrar, 7) <f>ove6<rar\ rj dakdo'ciov 

iKpCyfraT^, 2v0a pfooT* cia-ox/reo-fl* In. 

X-Ty agidxraT avbpbs adklov Oiytiv. 

tt($€o-$€, p,r) belaTjTC. rap.a yhp nana 

ovbeis ot6s T€ irkrjv ipjov <j>£p€iv flpOT&v. 14 '5 

XO.dW &v l-naiTtis is biov TckpivF ibe 

Kptwv to irpicociv kcu to fiovkeveiv, hrd 

\dpas kikcutTai pbovvos ovt\ <rov <pvka£. 
OI. ot/xot, tl bfjra \i£op.€V irpbs t6vo' Ittos ; 

tIs pjoi (j>av€iTai ttCotis Ivbucos ; tol yap 1420 

Tt&pos irpbs avrbv ttolvt tyrjtiprjpLai Kaic6s. 
4 KP.ovx &>s yeXaorfo Olblirovs, ikrjkvOa, 

ovS* &s dveibi&v u t&v ndpos fcaicaw. 



56 20<f>0KAE0T2 

a\)C ci to. dvrjr&v /uw) Karaioyi&vtoB'' In 

yivcQXa, r^v yovv vivra poo-KOvaav <j>\6ya *4*S 

albcioO' &vclktos 'HXfov, roi6vV &yo$ 

aK&Kvnrov oftro) btiKvvvai, rb /uwjre yrj 

\ajpf fyfipos Ipbs yjjfre <p&s Trpoabi&TCU. 

a\\ f &S Ti\l<TT* CIS oIkOV k<TKO\ll(eTV 

tois iv yiv€i yap rayytvfj fi6Xia0' > opav '43° 

fXOVOlS T CLKOVtlV €W€/J«ff t\€l KCLkL 

OI. itpbs 0€&i>, in€ht€p Ikitlbos \x airiairacrasy 

ipKTTOS i\0(i>V TTpbs kSlKUTTOV tobf? ifli 9 

mOov tC yLoV itpbs <rov yap, ovV fyovy <f>pi<roa. 
KP.kgu rod i*€ \peCas 58c Xnrapets rvyjeiv ; '435 

OI. ptySv /xe yrjs e* ryotf Saov T&xurO* Sttov 

Bvrjr&v (pavovpai firjbcvbs irpoarrjyopos* 
KP.tbpcuf av eS tovt* lad' &v, cl /uw) rov 0cov 

irpdriar* %XPV( 0V i*iu*0*w T l Trpaxriov. 
01. a\>C t\ y Udvov vat? ibri\(i0rj <f>6,Tis, '44° 

top TTaTpo<j)6vTrjv^ rov acrtftrj /m' aitokkvvai. 
KP.odrcos k\(\Or\ raW' #/ma>s 8* tv iorafxev 

XP^las ifX€LVov iKfiaOeiv rl bpaariov. 
01. ofrrm ip avbpbs adXCov iretio-ccrff fhrep ; 
KP. teal yap av vvv rhv r<£ 0e<3 irforiv <f>ipot$. *445 

01. «cal a-oC y 9 ivunaJTrTa re koI TTporphf/ofxai, 

rrjs fJ&v Kar oIkovs airrbs bv 0&eis ra\f>ov 

Oov' koI yap dpO&s r&v ye v&v reAcis &re/>* 

ifiov fte ixrjvor a£i<*drJT<i> r<foc 



OIAinOTS TTPANN02. 57 

irarp^ov &<ttv (&vtos oIkt)tov rvy&v, J 45° 

oAA.' la p.* vafciv Spctriv, ivOa KXrjCerat 
ovpJbs Kidcupvv oiroSf hv p.rprt)p t4 poi 
itarqp r iOiaOrjv fwrn tcvpiov rdcpov, 
tv ££ iKtlvtoVy 61 p! aTTCdXkvrrjv, diva). 
kclitol to<tovt6v y* otba, /unjre pH hv v6<rov M55 

prjr aXXo vipcrai yafiiv* ov yap av ttotc 
Oirqa-KOiv icr<&0r)V> prj Vt ra> beiv<p kcuo). 
a\)C fi p&v Tffx&v ixoip, oiTOUTCp €i<r t Ito>' 
Ttaibvv h\ r&v p.iv apcrivvv p.rj poL, Kpiov, 
irpoOf pJpLp.vaV ivbpes floiv, &<tt€ /utry M^o 

fnrivLV wor^ crxeiv, tvO' av Sen, tov f}(ov' 
ralv b* aOklaiv olicrpaiv re irapGivoiv kpalv, 
alv oviroO' 7}p.rj xcapls ioraOri /Sopas 
Tp&ircC & V€V rovS' avbpbs, a\X ftaav iy<b 
yjfavoipu, TT&vrtav t&v8 aei p.€T€i\4rrjv' H&S 

alv pjoi pLiXeadatr koI pAkurra pkv \cpoiv 
tyavaal p iavov KairoKkavaaaOai /ca/cd. 
W 3>va(, 

Iff a> yovf\ yczwafr. \epaC t&v diybv 
boKoip lyjuv <r<j>a$, &<rnep tjvCk tfikenov. H7° 

rC(j>rip,C; 

ov brj Kk6a> irov irpbs $€&v rolv p.oi <f>(\oiv 
baicpvppovvTOiv, KaC /x* iiroiKTelpas Kp4a>v 
ii:€p\j/i pLOi rh (pQiTaT* iKydvoiv ipmv ; 
\eya> ti ; *475 

F 



58 20<K)KAE0T2 

KP. Kiyas' iya y&p dp 6 Ttopavvas rdde, 

yvovs Trfv irapovaav ripyjfiv, rj <r' €t\€V irikai. 

01. AAA* €vrvxphis, kclC <re ryc-bc ttjs Stood 
baCfxav ifxcivov rj V* (ppovprjaas rvypi. 

CO T€KVa y TTOV TTOT* €Ot4 ; 8cVj>' Xt > |A0€T€ l A^> 

coy ras ab€\<f>as TaVde ras ifias X^P a9 > 

at rod (j>vTovpyov Trarpbs ifxiv 55' dpav 

tcl Trpdade XafXTTpa Trpov£hnr)(rap Sfifiara' 

bs v\uv, £ t4kv 9 , oiff* op&v oiff Urrop&v 

irarrip i<f>dvOrjv Ivdcv ainrbs r}po$r)v. '4 8 5 

kcu a<f>i) baKpvw -npovfiXhciv yap ov adivw 

poovp.€vos ra \onra tov itiKpov /Slav, 

olov fi&vai <r<££> irpbs avOp&irtov xpevv. 

irotas yhp aov&v rffcT* c& opuXCas, 

iroCas ft iopras, tv$€v ov K€KkavfJi4vcu '49° 

irpbs oXkov t£€o k $' > &vt\ ttjs Bcapias ; 

aAX' t)vIk av or) irpbs ya\u»v %**}[? ax/ma?, 

Hs oStos lorai, ris itapappfyti, rima, 

toiovt* dveCbrj XafxP&vw, a tols fyuns 

yov€vaiv lorai atyyv ff* opjov dqAq/xara ; 1495 

ri yap KaK&v cm cot l ; top iraripa itarr\p 

VpL&V ItT€<I>V€' T7)V T€K0VO-<lV 7]pO(T€V, 

o0€V irep airrbs Anrapiy, kok t&v law 

iKTrjaaff vims, Svircp avrbs i£i<pv. 

toiovt* dve&ielaBc. #c$ tcl tis ya/ti€t ; l $°° 

ovk ianv ovbeh, J t4kv, aAAa brjkabr) 



OtAinOYS TYPANN02. 59 

X^pcrovs <f>$apfjvai Kay&pwvs -upas \p€<&v. 
& ttoX McpoiiccW, aJOC iiret fxovos irarrfp 
tclvtow Xikevtyai, Vto yhp> & ''(pfUTc&rapxv, 
oXaXapLtv bv oVre, prij <r^)€ TrepiCbys i5°5 

TmoXJas av&vbpovs iicycvcis aXtofiivas, 
p.rjb'' ££uT(acrr}s rcurbe rois ipxns kcucols. 
aXX? oIktictov a<f>as, 58c TrjXiK&ab' op&v 
Tt&VTw iprjfjiovs, itXiiv 8<rov ri abv fiipos. 
£uvv€voov, to ycvvaU, ojj ^rot/eras \€pL *S l ° 

a<f>£v 8\ to t4kp\ cJ p&v *lx&n\v rjbr) Qpivas, 
•noX)C bv Trapfivovv vvv b\ tovt 9 tfydto povov, 
ov Kcupbs ea (t)v, tov fiiov 5e X<povos 
vjjlols KVprjcrai tov (frurevaavros irarpos. 
KP. &Xts tv' ifr/JKCis baKfriitoV &Xk' 10 l oTiyr\$ cW. 15 '5 

01. 7T6l(TTCOV, K€l p.t]b\v ffbH. KP. TSCLVTa yhp KOlpty KoXci. 

OI. oVt(F i<ji* 0T9 o8i> el/xi ; KP. At'feis, kclI tot* c&rojuiai kXvm. 

OI . yr}$ pf SiTtos Trefi^cis SmoiKOV. KP. rot; 0coi5 fi aheis boaiv. 

OI. aXXa 0€O?s y* exOiaros rJK<a. KP. Toiyapovv T€v(ci Ta\a. 

OI. <£jjs rift* o8z> ; KP. & /uw) <f>pov& yap ov <f>iXto Xiytw pATqv. 

OI . forayc* viv ^ iurevOev ijbrj. KP. oreix* wv^ t4kv<»>v & a<f>ov. 

OI . fJLTjbafitos Ta&ras y IXjf /xov. KP. itiura pi) fiovXov Kparelv 
teal yap aKp&rqvas ov eroi to> /3«t> (vv4ott€to. 

XO. S mrpas &rjfirjs tvoucoi, Xevaaer', Olbhrovs obc, 

bs tcl kXcCv alviyfiar jjbrj mi Kpinoros fjif avrjp, ! 5 2 5 
oorts ov (r}Xu> itoXit&v ko! Tv^ais tmfiXeiTtov, 



60 20<K)KAEOr2 OTA. TTPANN02. 

€i? oaov Kkvbcova beivrjs (rvfJLcfropas ikrjkvOzv. 

&ot€ dvrjrbv Svr iKelirqv rrjv rekeuraCav ibciv 

rjfxipav eiria-KOirovvTa iirfiiv oXfilfciv, irplv &v 

Tcpjuta tov jStov TT€picrrf fxr^b^v tikycivov iraO&v. l S3° 



AKGUMENT AND ANALYSIS. 



Laius the son of Labdacus, of the line of Cadmus, king of Thebes, 
married Jocasta, the daughter of Menoeceus and sister of Creon, and 
was childless. He consulted the Delphic oracle on the subject, and was 
told that his son by Jocasta should take his life. A male child was 
born, and (for fear of the predicted consequence) exposed, with his feet 
pierced and fastened together, on the mountain pastures of Cithseron. 
Many years afterwards Laius was on his way to Delphi, and was met in 
a narrow road by a foot passenger, whom his charioteer endeavoured to 
turn out of the way. A conflict took place, in which Laius and his 
attendants, with a single exception, were slain. Soon afterwards Thebes 
was visited by a strange affliction. The Sphinx fixed herself on the top 
of a rock, where she proposed a riddle to all that passed by. Death 
was to be the penalty of failure. The people offered the crown of their 
country and the hand of their widowed queen to him who should de- 
liver them. A young stranger, who had just appeared in Thebes, 
offered to solve the enigma. It ran as follows : — 

"Eoti tilwovv M yrjs ical rerpdwop, oti pla Qwtii, 
KaX rplwov &\\d(T<T€t 54 <f>v))v (x6vov fo<r* 4wl yaiav 
ipncvrh Kivurai fard r aiOtpa ical kotA x6rrov. 
AAA* fafoav irK^lvrouriv 4pei$6fi€Vov trotri fraivy, 
%v6a rdxps yvloitriv iupaupfoarov ir4\u ainf. 
(Edipus answered that it was Man : the Sphinx threw herself from the 
rock ; and (Edipus obtained the promised reward. By Jocasta he be- 
came the father of four children. The country was some time after- 
wards visited by a plague. The king sent his brother-in-law Creon to 
consult the Delphic oracle as to the means of removing it. It is at this 
point that the action of the play commences. 



2 AEGUMENT AND ANALYSIS. 

At the opening a body of the people are seen in the attitude of sup- 
plication before the palace of (Edipus. The king comes out to them, 
and they invoke his aid in removing the plague. He announces that 
Creon has been Bent to Delphi, and that he is probably on his way 
home. Presently Creon enters (85), and informs (Edipus that the oracle 
requires the Thebans to cleanse their land of bloodguiltiness by putting 
to death or expelling the murderer of Laius.' (Edipus gives directions 
for convening a general assembly of the people, and the interlocutors 
leave the stage (150). 

Upon this the Chorus, which consists of Theban elders, enters singing 
the Parodos (15 1-2 15), and takes up its position in the orchestra. 
They have not yet heard the response of the oracle. 

After this a general assembly of the people is held (216), and (Edipus 
makes a formal proclamation, requiring those who know the murderer 
of Laius to delate him, but allowing the murderer himself to withdraw 
privately from the Theban territory. Upon those who foil to comply 
with the proclamation terrible curses are pronounced. 

In the mean time (Edipus has sent for the blind soothsayer Tiresias, 
and endeavours, upon his arrival (300), to elicit the secret from him. 
Tiresias is unwilling to reveal it, but when pressed in angry terms by 
(Edipus, insinuates unmistakeably that (Edipus is himself the murderer, 
and finally that he is a parricide and incestuous. (Edipus, who has for 
some time been jealous of the influence of Creon, supposes that Tiresias 
speaks by his inspiration. 

The Chorus sings the first Stasimon (464-512), expressing confidence 
in (Edipus. 

Creon has heard of the suspicions of (Edipus, and comes forward to 
defend himself (513). Angry words pass between them, and Jocasta 
comes out of the palace to appease them (634). In order to calm (Edi- 
pus, she assures him that the predictions of Tiresias are worthless, and 
as an illustration, tells him the story of the oracle given to Laius, the 
exposure of the child, and the murder of Laius by a stranger (707-725). 
(Edipus is struck by the description of the scene of the murder, and 
after making further inquiries of Jocasta, recites his own history 
(771-833). He was the son of Polybus king of Corinth and his wife 
Merope. A chance expression, however, dropped by a companion, had 



ARGUMENT AND ANALYSIS. 3 

led him to suspect that he was not really their son. He went to Delphi 
to consult the oracle on this point. The oracle replied that he would 
have children by his mother, and murder his father. Accordingly he 
determined not to return to Corinth, and travelled towards Thebes. 
On his way thither he encountered an old man with his attendants at 
the place mentioned by Jocasta. A quarrel took place, and (Edipus 
slew the old man and his companions. He suspects that it was Laius, 
but is cheered by one slight discrepancy. The sole survivor of the con- 
flict, a herdsman of Laius, had reported that the king and his compa- 
nions were overcome by numbers. The herdsman is sent for, to clear 
up this point. 

The Chorus, in the second Stasimon (863-910), finds fault with the 
tone of Jocasta in depreciating the oracles. 

A messenger arrives from Corinth (924) to announce the death of 
Polybus, and the probable succession of (Edipus. (Edipus and Jocasta 
now speak triumphantly of the worthlessness of the oracle, but the for- 
mer is checked by the reflection that his mother still lives. The mes- 
senger assures him that Merope was not his mother, but that he was a 
foundling brought up by Polybus as bis own son. Upon further in- 
quiry it appears that the messenger had received him when a child from 
one of the herdsmen of Laius ; the same, as it appears, who has already 
been sent for. Jocasta sees the whole truth, and begs (Edipus to desist 
from further inquiry. He is determined to persevere, and she hastily 
quits the stage (1085). 

The Chorus sings a short ode (1 086-1 109), speculating on the origin 
of (Edipus. 

The herdsman arrives (1 1 10), and is at first unwilling to give inform- 
ation, but when pressed by (Edipus and the messenger, relates that 
the child delivered by him to the latter was the offspring of Laius and 
Jocasta, who had ordered him to expose it on Citheeron. (Edipus with- 
draws into the palace in despair (1185). 

The Chorus, in the last Stasimon (1186-1222), mourns over the 
changed fortunes of (Edipus. 

One of the servants comes out of the palace (T223), and informs the 
Chorus that Jocasta had destroyed herself by hanging, and that (Edipus 
has put his eyes out with the large pins taken from her dress. Pre- 



4 AKGUMENT AND ANALYSIS. 

sently the central doors of the palace are opened (1297), and CEdipus 
totters out. He bewails his fete, and justifies his own act. Creon ar- 
rives and urges him to withdraw (1422). He requests Creon to send 
him beyond his frontier. The two daughters of CEdipus, Antigone and 
Ismene, are brought to their father (1471), who entrusts them to the 
care of Creon. CEdipus is then led back into the palace. 

The characters were probably distributed as follows among the 
actors : — 

1 . Pbotagonistes CEdipus. 

2. Dbutbbagonistbs } ^ driest, Jocasta, Herdsman, and Second 

) Messenger. 

3. Tkitagonistes Creon, Tiresias, and Messengers. 

There is no direct evidence of the date of the play. 



NOTES, &c. 



i. The scene represents the front of the royal palace at Thebes, look- 
ing upon the place of public assembly. The palace has a central en- 
trance as well as side doors, the former being reserved for the. king 
himself. Images and altars of the gods, among others of Apollo, Ar- 
temis, and Athene, are ranged along the front. The city is supposed 
to lie on the left hand of the spectators, and the country on the right. 
A deputation of the people, headed by the priest of Zeus, enter from 
the city, bearing olive branches wreathed with wool, and sit before the 
palace in the attitude of suppliants. To them CEdipus enters, attended, 
from the centre door. v4ai\ Opp. to rod irdXai. rpotfi] Un- 

usual signification : cf. Eur. Cycl. 189, wtcdtwv bpv&v rpo<f>aL 

*. 6od(€Tf] Either (1) = 0a<£<r<rcTe, Scliol. &c, tdpas being an ace. 
cogn. : or (2) = cnrctocTc, Hermann. 

3. Itcnjpiois kkiZottriv 4^«rr€fif4.4voi] = Ucryplovs K\d$ovs or^iori 4<rr€fi- 
p4vovs Kcvr4x oyT(S * Schol. Gf. j33sch. Eum. 43, tyon* 4\das tytyiwrrrov 
K\dtov Xfyrti fieylffry <ru><pp6v<ci iorepfUpov. The dative is used (as infr. 
25, <p6lvov<ra y&v icAAvgiv: Ant. 121, yivwnv wkriffGrjycu) where the ace. 
(of remote reference) is usual. For the pass. l£e<rre/i/tlfrot, cf. Hor. 
Sat. I. vi. 74, "Lcevo vuspetm loctdos taimlamque lacerto." 

4. *6\is y — <rTiv<xyyukTwv\ The question is virtually, though not in 
form, extended over these two lines. 6/iov pfo k. r. &.] The repeti- 
tion of a word at the beginning of two clauses of a sentence, introduced 
by pb and 94 respectively, gives it a peculiar emphasis. Cf. 25 infr., 

4>0tvouora \ibf k<£\v£iv 4>0Cvovaa 8' iy4\au k. r. A. : 521, tl kokAs |jUt 

4v *6\€i, Kcucoi 84 vpbs trov : Demosth. de Cor. p. 248, irfpuCp-ycwjiai 
|Uv 4yd} Tfpl roirvv dicky, ire puCpyaoTai 8' 17 t6\is q ircitrOeura 4pal. 

6. &] "These matters," i. e. the reason of them. &yy4\wr iAAwv] 

=&Wwv, 4tyy4huv 6vtvv : clEur.Or. 531. rl fiaprtpcor fa\a>v iutofcw 5el; 

*5 



6 SOPHOCLIS 

7. a&r6s] Opp. to &Kkuv. 

8. 6 vatri k. t. *.] This line is needlessly condemned by Wunder. 
It is virtually addressed to the spectators, rather than to the Priest, 
and is designed to arouse in their minds a feeling of the greatness and 
prosperity of (Edipus, and, as a consequence, to heighten the effect of 
the catastrophe : cf. 1524 sqq. 

11. SclaavTts ^ <rr4p^avrts ;] Epexegesis of rivi rpSirtp KaBiarwr* ; = 
**s fxerc ; or4ptc»Tcs, either (1) " in supplication" (as (Ed. C. 1094, 
orlpyu ttirXas kpwyas yu>Xuv,) Wunder, Dindorf, &c. : or (2) "acqui- 
escing" Herm. : or, in the latter sense, as an euphemism for IfUn ira- 
0oVrc*, opp. to folffavres, Schneidewin : crrQavrcs is also read in the last 
meaning.. &s OiKovros &v] &s with gen. abaol. = " considering that;" 
&y gives to the participle a potential force. 

I 3- M^ °^ tcarouertipoav'] ^ oh is used with an infinitive, or, less com- 
monly, with a participle, where the principal clause is actually or vir- 
tually negative; as here, where it may be accounted for by the negative 
implied in Bwrd\yrrros. ^ oh Karoucrelpup, either (i) = cJ fiii kcltoi- 

KTtipoifu : or (2) as explained by Dr. Kennedy in the Journal of Classical 
and Sacred Philology, No. III. p. 310, an epexegesis of tivffdxyrrrot 
(vid. ad 221 infr.), supplying, as a protasis to Bvffd\yrjros yhp «fyv, (vid. 
ad 82 infr.) ft \i-f\ O&oiju irpoaapKffr irdv. To 2 it may be objected, 
that 11&1 oh — Upav would be a weak epexegesis of tiu<rd\y. — ttrip : to 1 it 
is objected by Dr. Kennedy and others, that ph oh is not found with a 
part, used conditionally. But it is so found in Herodot. ii. no, ofjKow 
oHkcuop (hat Iffrdvat fyxpofffc r&v iicctvov &va0rjfidrw \if\ 061c farcpftaA- 
X6)mvov rouri tpyoiai, and in what is virtually a participial clause im- - 
plying condition, in Dem. De Fals. Leg. p, 379, al tt6\us iroWal iced x a ' 
XfTol kafiuv \ii\ ov Xf*W Ka ^ voXtopiciq,. Dr. Kennedy further quotes 
Schneidewin as suggesting fx)j Karoucr. The suggestion does not find 
place in the posthumous edition of 1856. 

15. Spas fi\p rifMs] Opp. to to 0* faXo <pv\ov, 19. ijAhcoi] Expl. 
by ol /Ay — Acjctoi. 

16. rots trots'] I. e. those before the palace ; opp. to bvyopato'i ict.A., 20. 

17. wr&rfcu] For the metaphor, cf. ^Esch. Cho. 247-259. 

18. ifprjs'] Epexegesis of of — fkyttts. *y& filv z4\voi~\ Parenthetic, 
and opp. to ol ft r&r &teav Otoop, which is easily supplied. ol 8' 



GEDIPUS TYRANNUS. 7 

ht pk*y \9KtoC] Either & (i) used adverbially, (as infr. 181, Jv V foLoxot 
iroXtal r y Utt fidrtpfs : JEbqK Cho. 251, its Bh Byplay ypwpiiv) : or (2) 
4w\ tj94wv 9 as Ant. 787, afxtpicov &r' &vOp&ie*v, Dind. : or (3) by tmesis 
for bri\€icroL oT8c r\ Herm. of8c 5*, Scbneidewin. 

19. 4^€<rr€fifi4vop] Supr. 3. 

20. 8iir\ois] Two temples of Athene at Thebes, dedicated to her 
under the respective titles of "Oyica (cf. ^Esch. Sept. 164) and 'lo-fxrjvla, 
or, according to others, of *A\a\Kofi(vta and Kallncta, Schol. 

21. 'Ifffxrjpov k. t. A.] The temple of the Ismenian Apollo, Schol. 

25. (pOlvovva fikv Kd\v£iv] Vid. ad 3, 4, supr. 

26. tSkoktI tc &y6vois] Oxymoron. For the association of these 
divine judgments, cf. infr. 171, 270; ^Esch. Eum. 784-787, 907-909 ; 
Herodot. iii. 65 ; ^Eschin. in Ctes. §m; Deut. xxviii. 18. 

27. iv] Either (1) Adverbially -fr to^tou, Dind. &c. ; cf. infr. 181, 
Iv y &\oxoi voXtal r* fm pdrepcs ; (Ed. C. 55, 4v y 6 *vp<p6pos Otbs Tiro* 
npofXTidevs : or (2) separated by tmesis from (nef^as f Wund., Schneide- 
win ; which is less probable. *vp<p6pos 6*6$"] I. e. the plague. 

28. foafofi] Cf. Aj. 756, tkf yhp ainbv — 'AOavas ffiivis. 

29. (jl4\os 8*] Observe the elision at the end of the verse, and cf. 332 
infr. : (Ed. C. 1164, i\0*u> |m>X6vt'. 

31. 0fo?<ri fxh] Opp. to toltp&v 8c ( 33. laov^vov] Depd. on 

Kplvorres, 34. 

33. ovp.<popa?s'] Used here in its primary and indifferent sense, 
"events." Its secondary and more usual signification, "calamities," 
is originally an euphemism. 

34. Kpivovrts] Causal. ovvaWayous] As infr., 960, v6aov ovvak- 

$S- &* V] Causal. Elmsley, Wund. &c. read Ss r\ after Schol., to 

answer to vvv t', 40. i\i\vtras lwrpJ>v\ For the construction, 

cf. El. 939, irnfiovijs h6<r*is fidpos: JEsch. Sept. 270, Xdwtra -KoXipuov 
<p6frov. 

37. koI ravff] Adverbially ; "and that too." obfty ifrtiks ir\4ov\ 
I. e. ignorant of the interpretation, infr. 391-398. 

38. &AA<£] An irregular construction : the conjunction contrasts the 
finite verbs \ly*i vofiifa 6* with the participles Quit. fc8*5. : vid. ad 42 
infr. icpoafyicp $€ov] Emphatic, and opp. to fy' yjfxuv. 



8 SOPHOCLIS 

40. vvvr*~\ Connects their expectations (implied in fccrefopci' k.t. A.) 
with their previous experience, (Us 7' ttfkvcras k. t. A.) ; '< owd now 
too.** itduriv] Masculine, the ethical dat. (" omnium judicio") depd. 

on Kpdrurrov : vid. ad 436 infr. 

42. rfre — &Ko6<ras, elf-re — oT<r0a] For similar anacolutha, cf. 38 snpr. : 
452 infr., tfvos \6ytp /xhoiKOS, c?ra & tyyipqs ^av^trrrai Onfiaios: 1 198 
-1 201 infr. 

43. <pi)fx7}v'] This word is regularly applied to a divine communica- 
tion, e. g.'that of an oracle. dvfyxfe] Opp. to rou Oc&y, and bo 
nearly = hvQp<&nrov : cf. 33, supr. ; 499 infr. 

44. Ifiveipounv] This word is marked out by its position, as the most 
important in the sentence, " men of experience" i. e. such men as 
CEdipus himself, which was their reason for seeking succour at his 
hands. teal] Renders rhs £vfx<popds emphatic, and opposes it to 
tfxireipla, implied in 4/jLicfipoicriy. ^vfupopds] —kirofidfftiSt Schol. : for 
this meaning of the word Dind. compares Thuc. i. 140, tcalictp slZbs robs 
kuSpdnrovs — irpbs -rds £vjju|>opds icoi r&s yydfxas rpcwofidyovs. Dr. Ken- 
nedy, 1. c, says that ^vfufmpds is used here " in the rarer but certainly 
admissible sense ' comparison/" (sc. of counsels.) It does not appear 
that it ever bears that sense, though ovpQcpw does : cf. JEsch. Pen. 
520, as quoted by the writer, iri<rroi<ri vurrh. avfi<p4puv jSot/Aetf/iara. 

45. C6<ras~\=o{/K faroAAi/peVaf, Schol. f}ov\cvpdTuv] Depd. on 
Zv/jupop&s. The gist of the whole passage is, that ' experience is the best 
counsellor (Schneidewin), and therefore we come to you as an expe- 
rienced man. 1 

47. &;] Causal, and properly referring only to the clause vvv pcV — 
vpoOvplas. vw fi4v k. t. A. — &pxv* &^ k. t. A.] For this compari- 
son between the experience and the expectations of the speaker, cf. 
supr. 40 sq. 

48. irpoSvfxlas] The genitive follows <r<trrijpa k\jj(u on the same prin- 
ciple on which it is found after 6avfxd(*tv, brawtTy, &c. Dind. 

49. (x^ixvifxtQa] Conjunctivus hortativus. 

50. <rrdvT*s k. r. A.] Explains pcpwfyicfa r u for having stood" &c. 

51. &<r$aAc(?] Prolepsis. 

52. 6pyi6i it. r. A.] Hyperbaton ;=tipvi9i yitp cd<r(<p, teal r^y t6t€ r&xnw 
k. r. A. teal — Ktd] " A»—6o" &c. For this use of copulative con- 



GEDIPUS TYRANNUS. 9 

junctions in comparison, cf. JEach. Aganu 322, 6£os r &\cnp4 r* iyx*'** 
rabrf jrfrei, Hixoffrarovrr* far ov <pl\co vpostw4icois, icai roey aX6mu>v koX 
Kovn\a4an*v &ix* QBoyyas bcofaiv t<m : Hor, Carm. iii. 5, 27, "Neque 
amisios colore* Lwna refert medicate fuco, Nee vera virtus, cum semel 
excidit, Curat reponi deterioribus." 

55. £bv iu&piauf'] To be taken with yijs, opp. to K€vi)s. For the 
sentiment, cf. Ant. 739. koK&s ip^firjs^/ fat av yrjs &px ou V^vos. 

56. ov94y] Predicate : of. iEsch. Earn. 38, Uiaaaa yap ypavs ovMv 
avrlmus fitv olv. 

57. tpriixos — t<rv\ For a similar pleonasm, see (Ed. C. 258, ri k\^o- 
wos itahrjs pArqv £«o6ri|S wpi\r\na yiyverau 

58. yv&ra Kobtt Hyvwra] Cf. 1 230 infr., tafora ttobn facovra. 

60. vwrovvrcs] Constructio ad sensum : &s tyb — voire? = ov voctlr* 
4£ Xtrov its 4y&. 

61. 4£ Xtrov] Cf. Trach. 395, &s «c rax*las — ftroeis. 

62. fr'] Elmsl. and Wund. read %v, which quite spoils the sentence. 

63. Kolt&v foXov] Opp. to &. 

64. *cd ff*] Wund. reads k*1 v* t erroneously. For the elision of <t4 
emphatic, c£ 332 infr. 

65. tfoovra] Infr. 586, $>v <p6$oiri ftaMov ^ &Tpt<rrov evZovr. 

67. fpovrttos] Depd. on nftrfwcf. Cf. Ant. 225, roWas yap tcrxov 
ippovrifav briffrdff€is, 66o?s kvk\&v ifunnbr els avaorpo^v. 
68*. Xtunv] Alludes to yo<r««rc, 60. 

73. tpwv — tpcovuv'] Gerundial. ^v<Tai(xt\v] Linwood conjectures 
pvo , olpriv, which seems to be required by the context. 

73* XP^'p] So* t? T °v birtiycu, Wund., or rf ko&4\kovti. 

74. Ainrci rl wpdffffet] Condensed construction ; as infr. 155, &p$2 
<ro\ &(6fMvos tC fioi — {{avfotis XP&>* : Aj. 794* &(Tr * A*' &otvfiv t£ 
^j. ik^roj w^po] Befers to the entire clause, and not only to 
&rc<m, to which the words w\«U k. t. A. especially belong. 

75. XfAw] We should have expected xP& V0V • a s 01 * of attraction. 

76. Here (Edipus for the first time pledges himself, as he afterwards 
does more formally, to the inquiry which brings about his own ruin. 

77. brj\o7] Conjunctive. 

78. els koX6v\ = els Kcup6w : it refers, as appears from the position of 
t\ both to tiros and to Trpovarcixovra, 



10 SOPHOCLIS 

80. cornjpi] For the more common feminine ffwrtipq, : cf. Phil. 1 471, 
Nv|&$ais aXlauriv ivtv^dfitvoi v6<rrov oxDrfjpas iicMcu. 

82. clicdffai] Used as &s cttcdacu. qMs"] " With good tidings .»" 

cf. Trach. 122, &8cta fx\v y iunta &* ofov. ob yhp &v\ Sc. et /u^ ^5fc$ ^, 

a common ellipsis. * 

84. Zvflfl€Tp3S K. T. A.] McTpOV fy**" T °V &KofatV &i4 t5 irX^cloV JCp4- 

adai, Schol. Greon enters from the right hand, or country side. 

85. K^fvfia] For tcqfavrhs : abstract for concrete. 

86. tyhwv] Vid. ad 40 supr. 

87. M\tiv] An indirect answer, as if (Ed. had asked, not rlva; but 
irotav; Creon hesitates to deliver his message in public (infr. 91), and 
therefore evades the question, and wraps up his reply in vague gene- 
ralities (\4yw y&p k.t. A.). 

89. o#r€ ykp k. t. A.] There is something like a rebuke in this : ' I* 
can make nothing of what you have told me as yet.' 

90. otir* odp] Odt> is frequently subjoined to rfre and otire, most com- 
monly in the latter, .but sometimes in the former, of two alternative 
clauses. In these cases it may be considered to retain its proper in- 
ferential force : as, ' efrc a, cfr' olv £,' i. e. * either A, or (if not A, then) 
B ;' 'otfre a, otir* olv £,' i. e. 'Neither A, nor {consequently) B.' Accord- 
ingly, olv is very often, although not always, used to introduce the less 

* probable alternative, or that which is most strongly denied. Perhaps 
this may be the case here. r£ 76 vvv \6ycp] Causal dative : cf. 

Ant 6gi t to &bv ykp 6fifia faivhv avtipL fy/jdrp XSyots tovovtois oTs <rh /x^ 
reptyct Kkbwv. 

92. etrc k. t. A.]«64T6 <TT€(x«» / tvm XPlffah VroipSs clfju jcoI orcfx*"' 
tffoo, Dind. 

93. is trim-as a&tid] The high spirit of CEdipus does not brook con- 
cealment, (cf Ant. 86, oXfxoc fcaravSa,) and the confident tone in which 
he speaks, arising from the entire absence of any suspicion that he is 
himself the person pointed out by the oracle, readers the catastrophe 
the more affecting. rwpde] Dep<j. on icepL A preposition is often 
expressed with the second only of two nouns, to both of which it applies 
equally ; as inf. 734, is rahrb AcX^&v Kdird Aav\las 6ryet : 761, &ypovf 
ff<f>e W/wftai k&tI xotfivioov vofxds : Pind. Pyth. iv. 16 ; Nem. x. 7 1. irXiov 
*>ip<a\ •« Make more of." 



(EDIPUS TYRANNUS. 11 

94. rb itivOos] I. e. " the grief tokich I feel" This may be called an 
' assumptive' article, as assuming the existence -of that which its noun 
denotes : accordingly rwvfc ic4pi is the virtual predicate of the sentence : 
cf. 526 infr., rats 4fuus yv&puais 5ri vcurBtls 6 fidvris Tovt \6yovs \p*vfo?s 
\4yot : Ant. 189, ratrris &ri v\4ovr€s opOrjs roOt <J>(Aovt iroio6fx€0a. 

96. 4fupavoos] Infr. 106, brurrtMu ffeufms ; in contrast to the ordi- 
nary obscurity of the oracles. 

99. KoBapfxy] Instrumental dative, depd. on iXaiveur. 

100. av$pr)\arovvras — \6orras] Gerundial, to be taken with 4\a6y., 
in answer to *ol<p Kadapftat ; vd\iv] " In twrn. n 

10 1. &t — x tt f JL 4( oy ] Th® acc - absol. is common with 6>s, &sxep, &c. : 
cf. CEd. C. 380, ut atrrlic' "Apyos fj rb Kc&iutwr v4doy rifiy Ka0l£ov f) vpbs 
ovpavbv fhpOv : Demosth. de Cor. p. 368, Stircp — \6y<p robs xoKinicobs, 
&&V oh rots icpdyfJLoa-i ko\ rots iroKirth^affi yiYvwoicoiUvovf . r6S* 
alfxa] The demonstrative rtb* apparently refers to [xlaafia x<&P**, 97» ""l 
<p4voy f 100. X (< M^C° y ] For tne metaphor, cf. 23 supr. 

102. t^kSc — T^XnA Refers to <p6vov, 100, and of/io, 101. 

105. lutofay] Emphatic, opp. to fiaubov. 

106. rofcov] Not gen. absol., but depd. on ahro4vras, 

107. abro4vras] As in El. 272,= av0&ras. The word is used, like 
avr6x*ip, for a suicide, for the murderer of a kinsman, and lor a mur- 
derer generally. Probably it merely means a perpetrator, and is there- 
fore an euphemism. n/iwpuy] Vid. ad 140 infr. rird] So Dind., 
Wund., after Schafer : vulg. nvds. The common reading is perhaps 
to be preferred, nympuv being in that case used impersonally after 
4iri<rr4\\u 1 as is often the case after K(\*6u>, &c, and nvds being added 
to robs ahro4vras, to shew that the murderers were unknown, "the 
murderers, whoever they may be." For this use of an indef. pron. with a 
noun preceded by the article, cf. CEd. C. 288, Bray 8* 6 idtpios irapjj n§. 

no. tU^ — ra(jL*\o{>txevou) Proverbial. 

1 12. T&Wepa 8* k. t. A.] The events prior to the commencement of the 
action, which Euripides would have narrated in a set prologue, are 
thus elicited from Creon by the questions of (Edipus for the benefit 
of the spectators. The ignorance of the previous history of Thebes, 
here displayed by (Edipus, is accounted for inf. 130. See also infr. 
754-764. 



12 SdPHOCLIS 

113. erv/xwfcrrei] Cf. Trach. 876, rip (x6pa> — £vvrp(x*i ; 

114. &s t<paffKfv"\ Sc. Laius ; referring to $**p6s. 

115. &s] Temporal, =&ref : " ex quo tempore." 

117. Urov] Depd. on iKfiaOdv. For Kaxeitf 8t<h/ Dind. suggests 
itarcfy', try, the relative depending on ixpfirar*, and having the object 
of icarc?$' for its antecedent. fo/uotf&y ixphv*!? ^]=«* i&pafav, 

118. ffj^moutt] Historic present. 7«{f>] « Why"— " No, for"— 
ydp after the first word of a speech, shews the existence of an ellipsis 
of some kind, and frequently implies a negative answer. 

119. €i$6s]=<ra<pws : cf. El. 41, thcus av cU&s fair ayy fl\$s mufnj. 

120. tv] Alluding to tK^v fv, 119. wrfAA'] Opp. to «k. irfoV 
&i> l£c6pot] An unconscious prediction, the fulfilment of which is de- 
clared in similar terms, in£ 1 1 82, lob lot* ra ir&rr* dv Ig'fjicoi acuprj. fxa- 
Ouv] Epexegesis. 

123. <rbv v\-fi$€t] Opp. to pi$ ^fxrj. This point serves, in the con- 
duct of the play, to conceal from (Edipus his identity with the murderer 
of Laius ; and it is upon this -that (Edipus rests his hopes, infr. 845, oh 
yap y^von av cfs 7c roTs voXXats %<ros. Wund. supposes this part of the 
story to have been fabricated by the surviving attendant, like Faktaff s 
eleven men in buckram, to excuse his own defection. 

124. 6 Aptrrfc] I. e. the principal robber : cf. 246 infr., toy 8«8pa- 
k6V, cfrc ra cfr for \ikrfltv rfre irXctAvwv p£ra. But (Ed. is here made 
to designate himself unconsciously ; and, as we have just seen, the 
question of identity is ultimately made to turn upon the number of the 
robbers. 

125. brpdo'fftr*'] Either (1) " was practised <w,"i.e. "bribed," (a, very 
doubtful signification of icpdfferoo), kparrfis being the subj., Schol., Wund., 
in which case ef rt n4i=*"nisi forte :" or (2) making rt the subj., " there 
was some practice, 1 * Lin wood. ; cf. Thuc. iv. 121, Kaiix aln$ teal Jirpdcr- 
<rero is ras wdkets srpoBovica wept : id. iv. 89 ; v. 83. (Ed. probably 
suspects Qreon : cf. 378-3^9, 555-673 ™£ 

126. Aatov — apwyhs] Cf. 495 infr., Aa£8ajrf8a» iirdeovpes abfjXwr 6*v&r*9. 

127. iv kokois] "In our misfortunes," i. e. the Sphinx. 

128. kok6p] Referring to kokois, 127. troutv] -trios frequently 
marks an indignant or ironical question : the tone of the question here 



• (EDIPUS TYKANNUS. 13 

is accounted for by rvpayvt&os ovrta Tetrotays, as (Ed. is speaking from a 
king's point of view. 4fAico8d>v] To be taken closely with cfpyc. 

- 131. rtupavri] Opp. to rb vpbs irotrl. 

132. afir 1 ] So. rfaparii, to which <pa&& is opposed. (Ed. here again 
pledges himself to the enquiry which is to prove fetal : cf. 76 supr. 

134. vp6]=Mp. 

137. farhp ydp k. r. A.] (Ed. means to say that, as the same fate which 
has befallen Lains may befiJ. his successor, (139, 140), it is a duty 
which he owes to himself to discover the murder, (&AA* aurbs aorov) : but 
the words may also be understood to signify that the person on whose 
behalf he is making this enquiry is a near kinsman. Accordingly (Ed. 
unconsciously declares his relation to the murdered man. Cf 124 supr. 

138. aibrbs avrov] The reflexive pronoun of the 3d person is fre- 
quently used for the 1st and id persons, but especially in connection 
with abr4s. The idiom abrbs a&rov is parallel to Kaucbv kcuc&s, &c. 
There is also an intentional ambiguity in this line, as a&rov might be 
taken as depd. on pfoos. 

139. rdtf &v] This &v is not an anticipation of that which follows, but 
coalesces with rdxa, bo as virtually to form one word : vid. ad 523 infr. 

140. x € *pQ Frequently involves the idea of * violence,' 'murder,' as 
in the oomp. avr6\€ip f and in iEsch. Eum. 260, &*61>ikos x*p&v 7* r&rfai 
04\ei. rifiMptuf'] Here =* TtfiapeioOai : unusual with ace. of the 
person, in the sense of "pmi&h." Cf. 107 supr. : Eur. Or. 433, ITaAa- 
fiifiovs o-« Tifuopct <p6vos : Xen. Cyr. iv. vi. 8, npupipiw aoi rod vaiSbs 
t6v 4>oWa ahv Btois imurxvovfuu. 

141. Ktlvy] So. Aai<p. i/xaurbv «^>tAw] rit ivoania, &To&h<rerw t 
Schol. 

142. t/xus (xiv\ Opp. to &Wos 84 k. r. A. fttepwv] The gen., 
without a prep., expressing motion from a place, as in Ph. 630, 8e2£cu 
vcAs dyovr' iv 'Apyclois pivots. 

143. T<rTo<^«]=dW<rra<r0€, Schol., as infr. 147, I<rr4(j.€<r0a. licrijpas 
K\d8ov$] Supr. 3. 

146. <ri>v ry 61$] To be taken closely with cfrrux '** Qwotptlf] 

A pregnant expression : in using the ist pers. pi. he intends to include 
the whole city ; but the words are applicable to his own case. (Ed. and 
Creon here quit the stage, the former by the centre door. 



14 SOPHOCLIS 

148. teat] Opposes ftefy' (fancy to larAiwrOa. 4^aryy4\\€rai] 

Middle verb in active sense, common in Sophocles ; as ityydWofAou, Aj. 
1376, Linwood. 

151. The Priest and suppliants leave the scene on the left hand, 
while the Chorus, representing Theban elders, enter the orchestra from 
the same side, singing the following Parodos. 'Utterance of Zeus, is- 
suing from the oracle of Phoebus, how am I to interpret thee ? My 
spirit is racked with anxiety. I invoke Athene, Artemis, and the far- 
darting Apollo, to avert woe. Countless are the calamities which we 
endure in the place. The earth foils to give her increase, and our 
women are childless. One falls after another, and the unburied corpses 
spread oontagion. The matrons crowd the temples as suppliants. Help 
us, daughter of Zeus, and drive the Pestilence away to west or east : 
for what escapes by night, perishes by day. Let Zeus destroy it with 
his thunderbolt, or Apollo with his beams, or Artemis with her torches, 
or Bacchus with his blazing pine-brand.' Ai6s — <pdn] The re- 

sponse of the Delphic oracle, so called as being originally inspired by 
Zeus, although delivered by the agency of Apollo : cf. ^Esch. Eum. 19, 
Aibs icpoiprrrfo 8* fori Aortas varp6s. o&reWi] CI 82 supr., &AA' 

lUdffcu fikp -JjWf. voXuxpfoov] Cf. Horn. U.i x. 904 ; Herod, i. 

5o, 51. 

153. TlvBwvos] For the constr. vid. ad 142 supr. 

153. <t>o&fpdv] In an active sense. <pp&a] depd. on iiertrafuu (nd\- 
\a>p being here intransitive), not, as Schneidewin, on wi\X»» taken 
actively. 

154. ifa] iEsch. Agam. 146, Ifoov & JcaAl« TlatSva. 

155. a(6(xcros, rl fxoi k.t. A.] For the constr. cf. supr. 74, \vw§Z ti 
irpdtrtrci. viov] Opp. to TcpircWo/xtvcus &pais vd\iv. 

157. rittvov 'EAirftos] rap' flow 4v ikirfoi riA ycvoyivoi 0/ &vOpancoi — 
Xmffu&s alrowriv awb 0c£y, Schol. - The remark of the Scholiast is il- 
lustrated by the first words of the Chorus, & Atbs ASiwirfe <fxirt, ris 
k. t. A. (pdfjia] Vid. ad 40 supr. 

159. K9K\4fi§vos] Nominative pendent : it may be regarded as agree- 
ing with the subj. of Aftrcro/uu <p<urt)vcu^'Kpo<piy7tri pot, 1 64. 

160. yaidoxov]—iro\iovxoy Schol. 

161. KVK\6trr*] Either (1) from the form of the iyopd; or (a) because 



GEDIPUS TYKANNUS. 15 

Artemis was worshipped by k6k\ioi xfyoi. iryopas] We are informed 

by Plutarch (Aristid. 20), that there were in every byopd among the 
Boeotians and Locrians an altar and a statue in honour of EfarAcfa, sup- 
posed to be Artemis : there may be an allusion to this name in the 
epithet cfcAla applied to 8p6vov. 

164. foc£0topot] Proleptic, with vfxxpdvTjrt. 

165. tnrtpopwixhas] With vpor4pas &ras, gen. absoL This compound 
does not occur elsewhere, and is a conj. for ffcrcp 6pw(x4vas. With the 
use of inrip in the common reading we may compare infr. 187, &v ftirtp — 
€imra ir4fx\j/ov &\xdv. 

166. Iivtoat* 4ktotIov] = i&TorltraTc, bwep6pwv 6r<K^<raTf, Schol. The 
adj. is proleptic. koL vvv] Opp. to kcu icpvrtpas. 

167. ydp] Connects the sentence fodpidfia K.r. \. with folcrc Kcd vvv. 

168. irp6iras <rr6\os] " Omnia qwz habeo," Linwood. 

169. ppovriHos tyx°*] Cf. Pind. 01. ii. 150, irqXXd fxoi W kyK&vos u>ic4a 
P&i) Mov 4vr\ <pap4rpas Qatvavra avveroTtrtv, The metaphor derives its 
force from the following verb fol£cT<u. 

171. &Al£crcu] The context compels us to regard this as fat. med. 
from &Ai/c«, as infr. 539, where &\e£o//oji' is coupled with yvvpuiifii. The 
rat. is used nearly in a potential sense = f ru kKinovr* &v. ofrr* yhp 
k. r. A.] Explains and exemplifies vwrei — irp&iras <rr6\os. Cf. 26 supr. 

172. t6kohtiv] A temporal dative, not instrumental, as Wund. Its 
strict meaning is limited by the words otfre — Irjtwv Kofidrmv fo>4xov<ri t as 
it is by the epithet, supr. 26" , 27. rdicourt re &y6vots yvvauctHv. 

1 74. Irilvy] = epfivrrruc&v Schol. &p£x ovo>t ] Intransitive "rise from, " 
as JE&ch. Agam. 93, obpayo^Kj^s Xafurhs Avurxci. The meaning of the 
whole passage is, apparently, not that they do not recover after child- 
birth, but that they bear no children. 

175. ftAAy] For the dat. cf. Aj. 866, *6vos iroVy w6vov <p4pti : EL 235, 
yAl tIktw a f &r<sv droit. £»«p] ■■ Jtoftbrcp. 

177. ixrdv] Alluding probably to the rivers of Hades, as Ant. 812. 
'Axepovros tuerdv. *p6s] After its case, as infr. 525, rod irpbs 8* 4- 

<p<ki>6t). i(r*ipov 0€oO] I. e., of course, Death ; not " the god of the 

west" (as Dind., Schneidewin, who compare Horn. Od. xii. 81, whioh has 
nothing to do with it ;) but "the evening god:" cf. (Ed. C. 1559, ^ nru " 
Xtov &"a£ Altiuvtv : jEsch. Cho. 728, \Q6viov V 'Epprjv koJ toy vvxiov 



16 SOPHOCUS 

rourf tyo5«t/<rai ^ufx^Kfyrouriv bySaffivty : Athenaeus viii. § 26 (p. 341), 
&rcl 6 TipoOdov Xdpuv (rxo\d(tiv ovk 4%, — icaXc? fti potpa vvxiof . 

178. &v\ Depd. on avdpid/xos: cf. Aj. 604, fwyvwv fo^pttf/tos : Trach. 
947, fifxtpwv fa>-f)pi6/xov. bvdpiBfios] The word echoes kvdpiOfia in the 
strophe, 167; Schneidewin. For similar assonances compare Ant. 360,370, 
icavroxopos Hiropos hr* oiffcv fyx ereu — tyi*o?as' &tto\is, 8ry rb irij kolK6v — 

179. vrikta] Generally active, here passive: cf. Ant. 1197, tv&tKerro 
vi)Xc£s Kwocr-KapaKrhv crdfta TloXuvfUovs frt. 

180. Bavardupopa] I. e. spreading the plague by contagion. 

181. iv 8* — &n] Vid. ad 27 snpr. 

182. ajcrkv wapck frdofxiov] Cf. JSsoh. Cho. 722, v6rvi atcri[ x«6/iaros. 

183. &MoOcv &Mar] So Dind. for &WoO*v &Mai, "neque enim ad 
unam omnes aram mulieres illae congregantur ;" hardly a sufficient rea- 
son for altering the text. With the vulg. cf. JEaoh. Agam. 92, &teri 5*» 
&Wo6cv obpcofOfi-fticus Xofiwits iwUrx €l ' 

185. Tr6v(ov\ Depd. on Utriipcs. 

186. irouav & k.t.X.] Supr. 4, 5, t6\u d'— yfaet — iroudvoov re teal <rrc- 
va.yfx6.Twv. \djjurti] Cf. 473infr., ZAa|u|rc 7^ — <^uo napparot; : iEsch. 

.104, kt&wov ItfUopica. HfiavAos] Sc. ry wcuavi. 

187. £? ffirep] Cf. 167 supr., rporepas &ras imip *" On account 0/ <fo*e 
calamities." 

188. eft&ira vipfyov iAndv] Cf. JEsch. Cho. 490, 2 IIcpa-^cKra-a, 8&$ 51 
t* ctyiop^ov KpdTOs, Dind. 

189. "Apca] Ares, who repeatedly appears in the Tragedians as the 
personification, not simply of war, but of every kind of violence (cf. 
JEsch. Eum. 355, Hvfidrvv yhp d\6fiav &var porks > trav " Apt|S Ttfourds &v 
$i\ov ?Ap) is here the spirit of the pestilence, distinguished by being 
called * an wnarmed Ares' (&xaAieo5 fenrttw) by a sort of oxymoron. 
With the expression &x« &* nr . cf. EL 36, faKci/of Junrifair. 

192. QKeyei] Cf. 27 supr., 6 imp^opos 0*6$ : 166, ^X^ya ir^paros. Tfpi- 
/■Mtjtoj/] The conj. of Dind. for Tr*pt&6rrros. In either case there is pro- 
bably an allusion to the fivfi which accompanies the literal "Aprjs. tu>- 
ridfa] The conj. of Hermann for bm&fav. For the usage, c£ El. 1009, 
AAA* famd£»> — Kardffxcs hpyhv : Ph. 809, &AX* irridfa, \x4\ fie KaraXlirps 
fi6vov» 
- 193. tipdfiTjfxa] Cogn. ace. Kwr/cot] Either (1) depd. on bvridfa ; or 



CEDIPUS TYEANNTJS. 17 

(2) if hmiifav be read, the precatory use of the infin. ; cf . JEsch. Cho. 
307, &XX' & ptydAai MoTpcu, Ai6d*v Tpfle tcXcvt&v, jj rfc iUccuov fierafkdr€u 

195. /ieyoy Bdkafior 'Afmpirpiras] Probably either the Ocean or Medi- 
terranean, as Qptfictor kkfouva is the Euxine: i.e. 'let him depart to 
west or east.' 

196. for^cro?] Alluding to "A|c<ro;, afterwards called Efftcow. Up- 
/imp] Depd. forrfgcfor : cf 189 supr. &x***°* fonrftcw. 

198. r4\€i] Sc. eVl r$ iaurijs, Schol. ; «* a£ito «wo," Linwood. Dind. 
suggests rcXcur, "«i gwwJ malorum perficiendum rdiquerit." Schneidewin 
reads tcAci 7^* cf rt k. t. X., where the asyndeton is scarcely tolera- 
ble, cl — fyp] Relative pronouns and conditional, local, temporal or 
final particles, when their signification is general and indefinite, are 
followed by the conjunctive. In such cases ftp may be, and frequently 
is subjoined to the pronoun or particle (or, in some cases, coalesces with 
the latter), but this is not invariably the case : cf. 874 infr., 00pa, ct vo\- 
hMv frrcpirXi)a&Q pdrav: 1062, «l rpirris lyb fwpbt <|>av& rplSovKos. 

199. tout'] Depd. on cV, or Mpx*rcu. At*] Probably separated by 
tmesis from epxcToi. 

200. t6v\ Sc. rhv'Apea. Relative use of the article : cf. 1055, 1379, 
1427, infr. ray] Inserted by Herm. 

204. Atficci*] An epithet of Apollo, probably connected with AetWw, 
X^xvos, "lux" "light," &c. See Liddell and Scott's Lex. sub voo. \vktj. 
The legendary connection of Apollo and Artemis with Lyoia (infr. 208) 
is probably an etymological myth. For a different etymology, however, 
see El. 6, 7,1-ov XvkoktoVov 0eov byopk Afacios : JEsch. Sept. 145, teal trb, 
Avkci* &va$, Avkcvos yevov <rrpaT$ Hattp. 

205. todfiar'] To be taken closely with cVdetTcurOoi, almost adverbi- 
ally. cVfarcio-tfot] jrarapepffco-tfeu Schol. Not usual in pass. : nei- 
ther can we understand ere as the subj. (as suggested by Linwood), as 
this would not apply to the following clause rds re — ctfyAoi. Herm. 
renders cVSarcioticu "celebrari." 

206. &poey£] To be taken closely with the next word. irpo<rrax0*Vra] 
A conj. of Dind. for irpo<rra0eVra ; which, if genuine, must be from 
*pooTciy€ir. 

207. aXyKas] Artemis is represented in works of art with a torch in 
either hand : c£ Aristoph. Ran. 1406, 9nr6pws w4xowa Xafjuntias. As 



18 SOPHOCLIS 

irtaruaOai is Dot strictly applicable to oXy\as in this sense, we must 
suppose a sort of zeugma. 

210. touts' br&yvpov yas] I. e. rov Qjjfkuov, Schol. 

212. Mcuvdfivv d/xforoXov] Cf. Ant. 1 150, it pocpdyjfOi Na^lats ffoXs &fta 
ircpiir6\ois Bvidarip. To be taken closely with -KeXaaQrivai. 

215. Ttvicq.] Depd. on <p\4yovr\ Cf. Eur. Bacch. 306, It* can-by ityet 
kM A*\<t>i<riv ir&rpcus Tnj&Ghrra <rvv ireuicauTt 8iK6pv<pov nAcbccu rbv — 
B*6v] Sc. rbv \oip6v, Schol. Cf. iEsch. Sept. 720, 0*ov oh Otots ifiotav. 

216. A general assembly of the people (cf. supr. 144, infr. 223, 273) ; 
the Thebans being probably represented by the spectators (cf. 1524, infr.), 
as in ^Esch. Eum. 566. sqq., and possibly in Sept. 1 sqq. aircis] 
(Edipus has apparently returned to the stage in time to hear the last 
supplication of the Chorus. S\ The antecedent is to be sought for 
in &A«V — kcucwv, 218. 

217. ff] The particle re is frequently used to add, not a new feet or 
statement, but an explanation or further account of a previous one. 
This may be called its epexegetic use. 

219. ay& — i&p&] Sc. r&fi* &nj. tfvos filv — tfvos B(] Vid. ad 4, 
supr. £*vbs — rov \6yov, a condensed expression = &yvbs rov \6yov, {cy&r 
&v. In £tvbs rov irpax^vros (Edipus implies his innocence as well as his 
ignorance in relation to the murder of Laius. 

220. oh ykp &y — oJn6\ Dind. (after the Schol.) finds the protasis in the 
clause (x)] ovk ix*** Tl ovyfioKov^ti fx)j *lx°' y ri o4fif}o\av 9 comparing 12 
supr., tivvfayiyros yhp h» efyv roidvSt ^ oh Karoucrtlpwv cfyapiand re- 
ferring <r{ffxfio\ov to the oracle. Schneidewin reads (with the majority of 
MSS.) ouTffc, and omits fi-fj; he understands cf ^ i^lvov (from c*£cfo>,^ 
as the protasis to ov yb.p &y k.t. A. (for the ellipsis c£ 82 supr.), and 1 
tx<*v causal, and avr6s emphatic ("by myself".) Probably the protasis to ' 
ob yhp hv — tx vwov ™ e * M Z €tf0S ty (understood from 219, 220), the gist 
of the sentence lies in jxtucpdv, and p^ ovk Ix"" *.r.A. is not conditional 
(as supr. 12), but epexegetic, as (Ed. Col. 360, fatis yap ov KtWj 7*, tout* 
*y& croupws ligotSa, \ii\ o\r%i 8c?/** ifiol 4>{powd ri. "For, had it not been so, 
1 should not have been long tracing it out without coming to some token" 
Ov is subjoined to fxi\ on account of the negative in the principal clause. 

222. vvv y] I. e. "As matters now stand." forepos — tcXw] An 

epexegesis of vvv, which seems to prove that cl ph £ivos %v is to be under- 




(EDIPUS TYRANNUS. 19 

stood as the protasis to ob yh.p—lx v * vov ' krrbs tls aorobs] Like the 

common idioms abrbs abrov, Kcuca kcuc&s, &c. Here Wund. reads abr6t, 
which is weak. rcA»] Properly "to pay," i. e. taxes, and hence 

" to be classed among" for the payment of taxes, and generally " to rank 
among" 

223. Trpoipwvu] gives the remainder of the speech the character of a 
public edict, which also appears in the formal description Aduov rod 
Aa&bUov, 224 (cf. 267, 268 infr.), as well as in the denunciation, 236 sqq. 

224. (Edipus calls upon all or any who know by whom Laius was slain 
to declare their knowledge (224-226) : he promises to the murderer him- 
self a safe-conduct out of the country (227-229), and a reward to in- 
formers (230-232) : the remainder of the speech is occupied with denuncia- 
tions upon the murderer, and upon those who shelter him, as well as with 
solemn declarations of his own determination to prosecute the inquiry. 

226. Kti phv — io-QaXfa] A confusion between the following construc- 
tions :— (i) kci fikv Qof&cfrat k. t. A., &AAo yikv aarepycs obfev irflo'erai, yrjs 
8* &v€i<riv iuHfxrfJis, and (2) jcei k. r. A., (irchrerat yap aKKo acrtpyh obb s 4v) 
yrjs &ir€t<riv iur<p. Thus the apod, to «ce2 /uev k. r. X. is yrjs — av<pa\rjs, and 
ircftrtrou — obltiv is properly parenthetic : but yrjs airtiatv (being a form 
of punishment) is also opp. to &Wo aarcpy4s by the use of fi4y and 
B4. 6o£c?riu] The subj. must be understood out of 4k rlvos 8m6Acto, 

and is determined by abrbs naff abrov. fa-clcArf?] The main diffi- 

culty of the passage lies in this word. (1) Its most obvious meaning is 
^having secretly vrithdravm" or "having taken out of the way" (cf. Plat. 
Bep. p. 567 B, farfgoipctv 8^ robrous vavras 8c? rbv rbpavvov, tl plAAc* 
&p£ciy : Thuc. iv. 83, ol XoAjciScW *p4a$us $vfiirap6rrcs 4BiBaffKov abrbv nh 
farc{cAciv ry TlepHiicKa ra Bctvd) : the part, would thus be causal, and at- 
tach itself to Qofavrai : "If he is afraid (to confess) inasmuch as he hass 
secretly withdrawn the charge against himself" But it is doubtful whe- 
ther a man could be said in this sense rotorlickrifi &rc£cAc?j' avrdt xa0* 
afa-oO : the use of this formula would appear to require from fac^cAc?? 
(2) the sense of "bring forth," "produce," Le. "confess:" in this sign, the 
part, will be taken with avcuriv, in a temporal sense, and the apod, will 
begin at roinrlic\rifi\ But this use of the word is very questionable (Eur. 
Hipp. 633, quoted by Linwood, and El. 1420, by Schneidewin, are ir- 
relevant). Perhaps 1 presents less difficulty. 



20 SOPSOCLIS 

230. &XXop — xtovts] Since Laius was slain beyond the Boeotian 
frontier. For the form of expr., cf. 222 supr., barbs *is karobs reXw. 

231. rl Kcptios] "Quod debitvm erit lucrum/* so rj xfy iS 2 Z 2 > I*»- 

WOOd. T6X&] Att. fat. 

233. (pl\ov, xzvrov] Th Q gen. is used here with tielvas (where it 
would have been more usual to prefix irepf or tyupi) as with fi4\civ 9 id&8c- 
<r6ai, <ppovrlfciv, and the like. *iX. refers to 224-926, x*& r *° 227-229. 

236. rbv fotp' a*avb h & jc. r. X.] With the entire passage, cf. infr. 817 
sqq., $ fiii tfvwv ?{c(rr< fi-ffi* arr&v rurl B6fju>is Sexcfftfat, fiific wpoff^rnvtiv 
nva, &0c2v b* 4t' ofcwj' : iEsch. Cho. 290 sqq., jcal toTj Totourow offrt 
icparrjpos ficpos that fieraffx^t ov <pi\o<nr6v1>ov \i$bs, ftopmv t* fartlpyeur 
oi>x bpm\kiin\v rrarpbs yfiivur, $4x*(r0cu 8* offrc ffvXXfctJ' rtvd. 7$*] 

Depd. either (1) on &irav8a>, or (2) on 4a^x t(rdou (as Eur. Phcen. 454, 
€<<re8l£c# rttxewy) Herm., Dind. ; or (3) on rivd, 238, with which Wund. 
compares Aj. 11 75, ei 8l<rts err par ov ftia <r* Ainxnrckreie roG8c tov vtKpov. 
Of these interpp. 1 involves a certain confusion between &*-«££ 7^* and 
a*av8& /x^r* ci<r8lxcff0au k. r. X., and 2 is wide of the mark, as the mur- 
derer was supposed to be in the land already. 

238. fiiirt vpofffuveiv] Cf. iEsch. Eum. 448, tyBoyyov «Iiwu rbv wa- 
\afipcuop p6fios. 

240. Koivbv -KoiuoBai] Cf Aj. 267, Kotvdt fr kqivoio-i Xinrcurfau \pv&». 

241. wflea' 8 s ] Depd. on KeAeww understood out of airauSw, 236: cf. 
819 infr. /LttftctytaTos] Predicate. Supr. 97. 

242. 6rrt»s] Eead ivros, 

244. ofo] Inferential ; to be taken separately from fUv. robotic] 

To be taken closely with atppaxos : refers to 224-243. Sal/tow] Sc. 

ry pavrefoavri : infr. 253, rod 0cov re. 

246-251. Dind. (after Otto Eibbeck) places these five lines after 
272. Thus the speech follows the natural order of ideas ; vpuv Si, 252, 
answers to 4yk \l$v, 244 ; and the words wuBuv &xep rciiirB* ApTfos i\pa- 
<rd|ii)v, 251, which are otherwise hardly intelligible, refer to 269-272, 
koI ravra rois fJ^i tp&ffiv k. r. X., and 248, tautbv koucws viv &fxopov iicrpfycu 
filov. The error of MSS. (if it be one) is due to the similar beginnings 
of 252 (tytv Si ravra) and 273 (tytfv Si rois). 

„ 246. 94] According to the arrangement of Dind., opposes rbv Mptucora 
to ravra rois fify Bpwffiv, 269. * 



(EDIPUS TYRANNUS. 21 

247. *Ts k.t.A.] Vid. ad 124, supr. 

248. vw] Repeated, after the intervening clause, from rbv &efycur<$r* : 
ci. Trach. 287, auTdv S'lxctvov c&r 1 &v fcyvi Btftara /5f'£]? icaerpyip Zt\v\ ttjs 
a\d(T€<k>s, <pp6vu wv &s j)£oira. 

249. hr^xofuu 8* — iipacrdfiriv] This unconscious imprecation of woe 
upon his own head forms an appropriate climax to the series of denun- 
ciations, and gives additional probability to the arrangement of Dmd. 
Observe the threefold formula, ctixofuu (269), icarctfxopai (246), and 
breixopM. 

250. y4voir'] The optative in the conditional clause, followed by the 
indie, (or infin. without &v) in apodosi, implies that although the condi- 
tion is uncertain, the consequence (given the condition) is inevitable : 
cf. infr. 917, &AA' fori rod \4yovros cl <f>4&ovs \6yoi. , 

251. vadtiv] Sc. 4p4, rot*?] See 269 and 246. 

252. raura irtbr*] Supr. 224-243. 

«53. forty t* 4/xavrov\ Cf. 13 7- 141 supr. rov 6cov t«] Supr. 244. 

3 54- TV* — t<p0apfi4y7}s] Cf. El. 1181, & <rvfi* kripuus K&0fos c<J>0ap- 
pivov. iuedfnrm] Supr. 171 sqq., otfre yhp tnyova Kkuras x^ w ^ s 

a0£crcu jc. t. A. 

255. rb irparyfxa] I. e. the enquiry concerning the murder of Laius. 

256. fac&Baprov] Sc. the murder, understood out of rb frpayfta. 
357. V] "Specially." 

258. ^cpci/par] Sc. tUbs %v, vvv 8*] Vid. ad 222, supr. 
brtt] The apodosis begins at 264. 

259. %x** t^ v — ^X ay &fl Vid. ad 4, supr. 

260. 6/x6<nropov] Sc. tls V imrclpofttv icol iiccivot kuL 4y<&. The word is 
used Trach. 212, (r&v bp&artcopov"Apr*fuv*Ofrrvytav) for "sister;" and 
infr. 460 (rov irterpbs &|&6<nropo« re ko! Qovevs ) in an active sense. 

261. jcoivwir tc «c. t.A.] Opp. to icvfMtf t*, 258. koIv*] » For the 
neut. pi., cf. JEsch. Eum. 487, leplvaaa 8* barwv rwv 4fmv tcL pcA.Tora 
JJ|«. ci--'$wrrvxn<r*v\ I. e. had there not been a failure of issue. 
But the words would also apply to the exposure of the child, (infr. 717- 
719), of which, however, (Ed. is as yet ignorant. 

263. vvv 8*] Opp. to ti — frii % tivirr{fxii<r*v. Kpwr* — rvxn] Cf. Ant. 
1345, M Kpaii pot ir6r|ios tvarifiurros irf\\aro. 

264. &?? 5*] Sums up the protasis. t(£5*] Cogn. aco. Cf, Aj. 



22 SOPHOCUS 

1346, ab toOt*, 'Odvffffcv, tov5' tnrfpftax«it *f*of J axnrcpcl ro6/uot; 

*wrp4r] Because Laius was childless (261, 161), and (Ed. had stepped 
into his place (258-260). But (Ed, tells the truth without knowing it. 

265. K&rl irdVr' o$/£o/uu] Cf. Eur. Hipp. 284, (is ww kqSyiuu. 
266-268. Vid. ad 223 supr. 

266. tc] Connects IloAMpov with AojS&Uov implied in Aa&kuctiy 

269. ravra] So. rb inrfpfxdx*<rta* *. *• A.. (265) : depd. on tywrw. 
tpSxriv] Depd. on c£x o P*<* 

270. /a^t* Uporov — irouSor] Cf. 1 71-174 supr. 

272. v/mv 8i rots AXkouri] Opp. to 'rots (iij hpmwr (269), rk* fctyoiclr' 
(246), and ^wv (250). 

274. 9jrt (rtf/maxo*] Proleptic : cf. Trach. 477, rri<ro* otvitf *\ woXv- 
<(>6opos KaBrfp4$7i irarp$os OixoAla 8opf. 

276. a/Hubr f\a£cr] Supr. 233 sqq., 269 sqq. 

277. o0t* ttcravov — o&rt jc t. X.] Cf. 229 supr., £4ros fJ^v rov K&yw — 
frvbs th rov xpaxOtrros. ydp] Epexegetic, as in the common 
idioms rtKfiipioy U — ydp, StjXov $4-^ydp t &c. 

278. fyTTifia] Obj. of clu-ciy, and expl. by Bsrts ttpycurrat totc. . 

280. ftfjcou'] The virtual predicate. IXc£a?] Interlocutors, in 
referring to the words of the last speaker, use the aor. where in English 
the pres. would be used. 0eofc] Emphatic. 

281. &V] Brunck for *v (=4dV), which is not a tragic form, as nei- 
ther is 0&6W9, the reading of most MSS. for ovb* or efr. For the senti- 
ment, cf. 788-790 infr. : -*Esch. Cho. 815, *o\Aa 0* &\Xa ipavsi xwK**> 
Kptrrr* &aicoTov 5* ftroj Aeyor, vviera irp6 r* 6/xfidroor ctk6top p4p€t. 

282. 4k Tvvtf] I. e. next to getting information from the oracle : cf. 
235 supr., ft* rfiroc 8pdW 

283. «' teal] The particles are to be taken separately, not as infr. 302 : 
icaf emphasizes rpir*. rb fill ob~\ After \ii[ xapjjs : cf. 1065 infr., ouk 
av irtOoifiify pij 06 rdtf Ix/ialci? <rof*s : 1091, oVcipos — o&c Irei, — ^ ov 
*4 yt — a#£#iy : 1232, Xcforei fshf ov8* & wp6c9§w jititp** to |itj ov £ap6- 
<rroi^ cZrai. 

284. aVaicr* ftVairri] Analogous to the expression Kaieo? kok&s, as supr. 
248. &Vducti] Depd. on ratiff : peculiarly a title of Apollo, and 
therefore applied (oVarr') also to Tiresias as inspired by Apollo. 

285. &V] To be taken with |jc/io0oi. 



. (EDIPTJS TYBANNUS. 23 

286. oTcoTw*'] ConditionaL 

287. cV &pyo?s]*=&py*s t Schol. : c£ Aj. 971, b Knots (^/taraias, 
Schol.) 

288. Kptorros cMvros] Afterwards a ground of accusation against 
Creon : infr. 555. 

289. n^j xapdy] Causal. Dr. Kennedy, however, (1. c.) resolves it 
into 6i fi^i irdpctrri, the regular constr. with 6aufui(<». 

290. K*<pd] oitfcv <ra$h tx QVT <h Sc^ol. K<*pk /red wwAaP] Pre- 
dicate. 

293. faovaa] Supr. 123. 8e 8p£rr'] For 5* i54it\ the reading 
of MSS. If we retain the vulg., rhv ISovt* is opp. to 4}kowo» (Schnei- 
dewin) : of. 118 supr., BviiaKwri yhp, k. t. A. If we read tip&vr', for the 
confusion between the sing. Hp&vr* and pi. &8oiir6pa>v, 292, vid. ad 124 
supr. The emendation, though not necessary, is rendered probable by 
294, 295, where 6 Bp&v is the subj. of ex« and fxtvil. 

294. $cifidruv"\ The conj. of Hartung for dclixar6s r\ 

295. fiwu] Either (1) intrant., sc. 'in the country,' Dind. (c£ 229 
supr.) : or (2) tram. =wro/uev€l, as Phil. 871, r\rjval o> lAcows £8c tojiA 
irfjjuvra |ic?vai : in this case bpds depd. on both iucoicov and /iem ; cf. 
1323 infr., eri yhp frropcvcis |u rhv rv$\6v ki)8cucsv. 

296. tiros] Opp. to IpSevrt, and implied in a/xfj. 

297. oy^Xryfwi/] A necessary emendation for ov&\4yxa>v, (though 
Schneidewin defends the vulg.) The art. is used with the fut. part, in 
an indef. sense, "one to — :" cf. Ant. 261, ov8* o KoAvcrtov irafnjy: El. 
1 197, oft* ov-nup*f|J<uv ovb* 6 kcoXvo-wv n-tfpa : JEsch.P. V. 27, o Aw^oxov 
7ap ou *4<pvic4 too. fori] Paroxytone, predicates existence. ot5c] 
ScfjcTiicws : cf. Ant. 386, &AAa wov fyeW ; — 58' Ac ftd/tap fyoppos (Is Uov 
trepa. 

300. Tiresias enters from the left hand, led by a servant, (cf. 444 
infr., jcal aif, *cu, k6/u(4 pc : Ant. 989, VJKoptv 9ff l( Ms jBAcVorr*, 1087, 
3 »a?, <rfc V aVayf,) and perhaps by one or both of the messengers of 
(Ed. (SixAota *o/*irofo, supr. 289). irdVra m/Mfe] Cf. iSsch. 

Sept. 25, &? & |iAvns ty&lv — 2v axri vopftv *al tyctfiy — xprjorrjplovs 6p~ 
viOas. Btiaierd k. r. A.] A cross division of irdVra : 5i5airra opp. to 

Appnra, oitpdvia to xtfoiwmjBi?. 

302. woW] J)epd. on both jSAcVcu and Qpovtis, emphatic by its 



24 SOPHOCLIS 

position ; " as to the city.** ei icol] Concessive, but implying that 

the case is so, (vid. ad 669 infr.) : cf. 408 infr., cl koI Tupawcts, QtawTtov 
rb yovv la* AjriAc'tai : and contrast Ant. 710, &AA* &ptpa, Kct tvs fl <ro^6«, 
rb fiuurBdvuy wrfAA* alcrxpbv ofr8cV. <ppovth 8*] As if he had said, 

frhenus fx\v off : cf. Ant. 234, kci rb /ufScv c^cpa, <f>pdaw 8' 5|uos. 

303. at] Schneidewin (better) reads a4. t The language of (Ed. here 
contrasts strongly with infr. 334 sqq. 

305. rf ti filf] For el teal pfi, an unnecessary emendation : cf. 969 
infr., ct ti \l1[ T<$fi$ v60<p Kat^Btff, =* " nisi forte.'* With the vulg. cf. 
283 supr., cl Kal Tpir* iart. [Since the foregoing note was written, I 
have observed that Dr. Kennedy 1. c. has anticipated me in defending 
the vulg., and in citing the parallel 283. The parallel, moreover, ren- 
ders necessary hie supposition that the words " may be regarded as a 
Sophoclean hyperbaton = €t koI t&v dyY^Xwv pfy *A6ci?."] K\fais] 

Historic pres. 

308. ft k. t. A.] Explains ixkuaiv \k6vr\v. 

309. KT*ivain<v — iK*€ntyaifit6a] Supr. 100. 

310. ah 8' olv\ "So then—", "well then—": cf. El. 891, ah 8* ohr 
\*y', ti aoi r$ \6y<p tij ytiorf) : Trach. 115 7, ah 8' oZv Aicove rotipyor: 
Aj. 114, ah 8* olv } cVc<8^ rtptyis 4J8c aoi rb tipav, XP* X €t P^ 

311. 6Mtiv — Mw] See Ant. 1005-ioiT. » 

312. fiaat k.t.A.] Cf. 4 supr. atavrbv — tt6\iv — tfii] Cf. 64 supr., 
4 8* ifiif tyvxb *6\iv re jc&pc Kal a* Sfiov arivtt. 

313. fiaat — filaapa] A kind of zeugma, as frvacu is not strictly appli- 
cable to /daapa, Dind. Or it may be regarded as a pregnant expression, 
like i&Kvaas — <TK\i)pas &0180S 8a<r/idV, 35 supr., Schneidewin. -way 
ftlaa/Aa] I. e. every result of the pollution. 

314. cV ao\ yhp tV/ccy] Cf. (Ed. Col. 347, Jv v\u¥ &t &*$ jcf//*c0a rAa- 
poycs. &y8paj Subj. of ctycActy. 

3 J 5- *X ot — Mvcuto] farfip (understood from Hvtipa) is the subj. For 
the opt., vid. ad 250 supr., where what is said of conditional must be 
extended to relative sentences : cf. Ant. 666, &AA' 8v *6\is arfynu, 
rotfte xph icA^civ. 

316. tppovtiv'] Alludes to <ppot>e??, supr. 302. WAi| \{nj]=\vai- 

T«Ap, Schol. Atfci, the reading of many MSS., is more pointed in its 



(EDIPUS TYRANNUS. 25 

application. For the constr., cf. Plat. Alcib. i. p. 113, toAAoTs 5^ i\v- 
<riTcXija«v ASurfjovuri fuydXa ifiurfipara, Schneidewin. The tone of Ti- 
resias is sententious and oracular throughout : hence the vagueness and 
obscurity of his language. 

317. ravra] Sc. rb feivbv c7wu Qpovcip tvBa k.t.X. ydp] Ex- 

plains the exclamation <p*v <ptv, Schneidewin. 

•318. $i6\c<r\ = iir€ha06firiv, ob yhp &] Sc. ef ph tiu&\*o>: for 

the constr., rid. ad 82 supr. 

319. rl 8* ten*; &s k. t. A.] Cf. Ant. 997, ri 8* Urnv ; &» £y& rb 
obv <f>piffffw <rr6peu 

320. rb a6v re <rb ichyk — robtfv] Intentionally obscure. For the 
inversion, cf. Ant. 557, ko\&s ah pukv rots, rots 8* iy& 'Bokow <ppoveur. 

321. *%] Refers to bpts. 

322. tvpon* — wpo<r<f>i\r}] The virtual predicate. cTitoj] Vid. ad 
280, supr. 

323. kwocT€p*v\ Gerundial. ftfrir] Supr. 310. 

324. ydp] Elliptical: vid. ad 118, supr. 068/] Opposes vol 
rb trbtf 4><ovTjna sharply to rt\vb* [ifity] $6mv 9 as /ti<8* (325) opposes 
£ycS to <rot. ol&4 — pfilf] Cf. 165 supr., rfirorc xoi -Kporipas &ra$ 
for*popwn4vas x6\€t ty{)<ron> Iicroirtav <p\6ya n^furrot, fX0erc ical yvv, 
Schneidewin. 

325. as — xdBa] We must suppose an aposiopesis here ; subaud. <n- 
yhaopw. This is agreeable to the brief and oracular style of the 
speaker. raMr] Sc. aol. 

326. (ppov&v y\ Conditional : perhaps alluding to Qpovuv, supr. 316. 
These lines are (probably falsely) assigned by most MSS. to the Chorus. 

327. oW] Cf. 297 supr. 

328. wdvrcs] Alludes to irdirrcs <rc -KpoffKvvovpty. ydp] I. e. 
irrfiTcs tpotritvvurt, vdrns ydp ob ippowtr'. <ppoP€?r*~\ Alludes to 
<ppovu>v y, 326. iyk 8* — Koucd] Either (1) iy& 8* oh fijpror* r&p? 
iicpfiv* kok& (i. e. 'the evils I have to tell of), i)s fa> cfir» pdi rh trd, 
sc. Kcucd (i. e. ' lest in doing so I make known yours 9 ) : in this case we 
must place a comma at r&pt, and another at rh o% SchoL, Wund., (for 
the collocation vs tu> p-fi, cf. Fragm. 779, 11, itox0nr4ov, & ircuSc*, As &v 
li-ffr* bxaifavroov $por&v Zokujaw thai) : or (2) ty& ob /i^irorc — pfy (re- 



26 SOPHOCLIS 

peated from p^n-orc, of. Ant. 3-6) tA o> 4k<P^vw kmA, rfy** &; &v cftro 
(i. e. ' in order to have the satisfaction of telling my story*). Either 
is very complicated. Herm. (followed by Linwood) supposes an aposio- 
pesis at ufaort, understanding \4fa, or the like, (c£ 320 supr.), and 
corrects tlircbv. Sohneidewin corrects Hvwyas for rfyf &s &v, which is 
rather too bold. 

332. oW ifxaurby ofrr o>] Sc. t&\ux (=tcL <rc£) iK<palyoov Katcd, alluding 
to 329 supr. Cf. 320 snpr. tch/t*] Cogn. ace. 

334. koI yhp — dpydvtias] Apologetic. 

336. &T€\etf«JTOS] = &rpaKTOf. 

337* bprftiv — rty ifrfiv] Either (i)=*6py)iv els Ijv aWovs tctvw, Schol., 
taking tfi4]v as = the gen. obj. : or (2) "my disposition," Sohneidewin., 
(cf. Ant. 875, <r£ 8* avr6yvorros &Xto J 6py6,) : the word is suggested to 
Tir. by opydvcias, 335, and played upon by both speakers, infr. 339, 
344, 345 ; cf. the repetition of <ppovuv &c. supr. 316, 317, 326, 328. 
4fi4fi^f<o\ Supr. 336 : vid. ad 280, supr. tV <rol 8* — KareTSes] In- 

tentionally ambiguous, and referring primarily to opyf)v, but capable 
also of being interpreted of Jocasta. * <r^v] Vulg. <ro(. 

339. The involved collocation seems to mark the haste and indigna- 
tion of the speaker. For the double &v, cf. 446 infr., <rv0efs r* ft? oi>x 
&v a\y4vats rr\4ov. 

340. £] Cogn. ace. 

341. ^{ct ydp] Cf. iEsch. Agam. 254, ropbv -ydp Jjjtt cfoopQpov av- 
yciis. airrd]=avr6naTa, Schol. 

342. & 7'] Quasi-causal. Ij£€i] Alludes to 341. v4 y ipot] 
Both emphatic. 

344. Bt* opyrjs] Cf. 807 infr., rraiw to* bpyrjs. Alluding to 335, 339. 

345. *apfi<r»] C£ 283 supr., fi^ irapfjf. &s opyrjs *x»] Retort- 
ing opyrjs, 344. For the constr.j cf. Herod, vi. 1 i§, 'AOrjycuoi 8i, &s 
iro8&v ctxov, rdxt<rra i&o-fiBtov ; iEsch. Suppl. 837, ffovffOe aovffff M 
flapkv 8ira>s iroS&v. 

347. jco2 — t'J For this collocation, cf. 1446 infr. {v^vrcvo-ai] 

Supr. 124, infr. 378. taov fify xefxrl ^aiycay] Cf. Trach. 12 14, Scrov 

y* au curbs |it| irOTu|rafav x«P ^. 

350. faqBtsi] Indignant exclamation. t£ Krfpvyfiwn] Supr. 



(EDIPUS TYKANNUS. 27 

224-275. rpocTwas] Conj. for irpoautras, Brunck. Cf. irpo^wv, 

supr. 223. 

352. *p<xravZav k.t.X.] Supr. 238, fifr* ct<r8{xe<r8ai yJfn irpoo-tfwvftv 
rtva : infr. 818. 

353* &m. — fJLidaTopt] As if vol had been written instead of <r4 t 350 : 
the dat. is used to avoid ambiguity, on account of the ace. 4p4, 353. 
For an opposite change, see JEsch. Cho. 410, WitoXtoi 8* *M |&ot <pi\ov 
x4ap T<k8e icXvowav oltcroy. 

355. koI wov] Vulg. teat tov. rovro] Sc. rb ffifJUL, i. e. the ven- 
geance due for it. The Greeks frequently speak of a penalty by the 
name of the offence to which it is annexed : El. 626, 6p&rovs rovb* obit 
dAv£fts : JEsch. Agam # 537, 9iwXa 9* Itwtuv Tlpiafxltcu 6apdprta. 

356. ir4<p*vya] Retorting <^cu£«r0at $okc?s ; l<rx$ov\ The vir- 
tual predicate. rpc$«] From its use as applied to keeping slaves 
or domestic animals, acquires the meaning of habitual possession. 

357. 8i8ax0efe] Sc. rb\T}6h rp4<p€is. The Schol. sees in 9ttax0*is 
an allusion to Creon, by whom (Ed. supposes Tir. to have been 
suborned. 

358. Xlyetr] Sc. tAXij0&, referring to 353 supr. 

359. irohv] Indignant question ; vid. ad 128 supr. \4yov\ 
Depd. on \iyuv. Xe/ — yMfai\ (Ed. scarcely believes his ears : 
infr. 361. 

360. tvvrJKos] Alludes to ws /iaXXov pcUta, 359. 4iamp$ \4yuv ;] 
I. e. licv*tp({, fiov &<rrc \4ytiv, a condensed form of expression : 'tentas 
me, Bperans fore ut plura dicendo me ipse coarguam/ Dind. 

361. obx &<rr§ y' thuv] Sc. ofrrws {wipca : c£ 1131 infr., ob% fiorc 7' 
wwuv 4v t&x*i* 

362. <povia] Predicate after icvpuv. oZ fifrets] Sc. rb* tpovia. Tir. 
Bpeaks plainly, but awakens no suspicion of the truth in the mind of 
(Ed., partly because of the supposed number of the murderers (supr. 122), 
partly because he is blinded by rage. 

363. xalpvv] Idiomatic ; cf. Ant. 759, dAX'06, r6vS "0\vfitrov y Icr&tri 
XaCpuv hti tySyoKTi twvdaus 4fi4: Phil. 1299, AXX* oG n xaipw, ♦* T <^' 
hpOvOp $4Xos. So infr. 368, 1i Kal yrftflA* rcwr* a*l X^ew 8oicew : 401, 
icXd«v ftojects fAoi teal trb %a> ovvOels rdfic ayT}\ar'f}(Xfiy. 



28 SOPHOCLIS 

364. cftra] Conjunctivus deliberativus. &pyl(v] Alludes to 335, 
&c. supr. 

365. 7c] Particle of assent. &s] Causal. 

366. AeAifteW] Idiomatic use of Aaydivtiv : the gist of the sentence 
lies in the part., the force of the finite verb being adverbial. rots 
<pi\rdroLs] "Thy next of km," a frequent use of (pi\os: cf. JEsch. 
Eum. 100, -radovaa 5* ofrr* 5«iwt wpbs r&y tyXr&Ttttv, 356, trav "Apys ri- 
Oatrbs &v<fri\ov «Ap. The pi. generalizes the expression, as infr. 1007, 
&AA* oftror* efyu Tots <f>VTCwao<v 7' 6/xov : 1 184, JiW oU t* ov xp%v bfuK&v, 
ovs re /a* ofoc I8« tcravcev. 

367. o^y fyay x. r. A..] Epexegesis of XtXydcvcu. 

368. 7C7»;0«k] Cf. 363 supr. 

369. cfirep — fftf^vos] Cf. 356 supr. 

370. &AA' — ohK for*] Sc. ti &\i}6tlas <r04vasz cf. Phil. 1053, vutav 7c 
fiivroi trwraxov xp f ii <uv ty v v> irX^v els o-l* vOv 8c* aot y' Ik&v 4ic(rHi<rofuu 9 
Schneidewin. • f 

371. rv<p\6s] Applicable to &ra only by a zeugma, and to vovv by a 
metaphor. (Ed. says, infr. 747, fitivG>s aBvfiu ^ fiXeiruv 6 pdrrisjl. 
Here, besides alluding to the actual blindness of Tir., he probably re- 
torts ov8' op&v V *! kcucov. 

37a. 8*— ye] "And— too" vaW\ Cogn. ace. ovtMfav] Ge- 

rundial. 1 

373. ovfals Us oitxQ Without cVti, like the more common formula 1 
ovSeU Zffris oh. Ttovtf] teucriicws : probably the spectators, including \ 
the Chorus : vid. ad 216 supr. We have here a hint of the catastrophe, 
which is further developed infr. 412-423. 

374. fiias] Cf. Catull. v. 5, "Nobis, cum semel occidit brevit lux, Nox 
est perpetua una dormienda." rp4<pti] Vid. ad 356, supr. 

376. <r« — 7' €>o0] The necessary correction of Brunck for fie — yc 
ffov. Ifiov] Emphatic, opp. to y Air6Wvv. 

377. 'AvSWui' — plAet] Infr. 1329, 'A*6\\»v rdtf fa, *A-k6\Xmv, <pi\ot, 
6 much natch rtX&v rd!b* 4/ih vdBta. 

378. Kpcovros, cov\ Predicates : cf. Aristoph. Eq. 1200, rb plv v6tiiui 
Tt\s 0coQ, rb 8e irAcft/i' lyAv. (Ed., who has evidently suspected Creon 
for some time (supr. 347, 357), here first breathes his suspicion. Infr. 
380-403. 



CEDIPUS TYRANNUS. 29 

379. wrjpa] Cf. 1 355 infr., ovtc 1j <pl\oiffiP oft* 4fu\ rotxfoo* &X°*> Schneid. 

380. Tcxvi? r4xrns 6ire^«pow(ro] Cf. 502 infr., 00^(9 5' far ao<f>iav ira- 
pafif{t|;cMV h.v4\p : Phil. 138, rcxva 7^ T^vai 4r4pas nywtfx**- Although 
the expression is general, there seems to be an allusion to his own skill 
in outwitting the Sphinx. 

381. r£ iro\vft\cp /Biy] Either (1) to be taken closely with inr*p<pi- 
pov<ra, "ad swmmam vita felicttatem adipiscendam," Linwood ; or (2), 
more probably, 'in life which is full of jealous rivalry/ carrying on the 
idea of T«xvtf t*x v > vt*P<P-, Schneidewin, &c. 

382. Tap fyuv] trap* 6fi&v vulg. 6 $e6vos] Alluding to iroAi/£-f|X<i>. 
The assumptive article (vid. ad 94 supr.) shews Scros to be the virtual 
predicate. Qv\&tr<rertu\ "Abides" 

385. ro^Ttjf] Depd. on cK/faAe*?, referring to rrjatf apxfih &$• ^ 
irurrbs, ou{ k. t.a.] The article marks irony: cf. Ant. 31, roiavrd <pa<rt 
t&v &ya06v KplovTa — mip^ayr* $x tlv: Aristoph. Eq. 818, <rfr 8' 'Adrr 
vaiovs 4(frniffas fUKpowoXlras a*o<prjvai ZiamixK oav K0 ^ XP^ ff M^ v y & ©f|w- 
OTOicXit &vn4cp£{flw. 

386. XaBpa ft* fcrcAAfo] Cf. Ant. 531, eh 8\ % jcot' oXkovs &s t%^ ^ € ** 
fUwi KftOovtrd fi 4£4irivts, 

387. fjLrtx<woppd<pov] Cf. -dEsch. Eum. 26, IfcWfci K<vrappdi|ras pSpov. 

388. kyitprriv] Cf. Agam. 1273, jcoAov/u&ij 8c Qoirhs, &s AyvprpCo, — 
1)P€<tx4m*'' 4v rots JtcpScow] Cf. Ant. 1055, rh fKurrtxbv y&p vcw 
4>iXdp7vpov y4vos, 

389. 94tiopit€ — t6$Aos] Cf. 370 supr. 

390. cVef] Introduces an argument in the form of a question to which 
a negative answer is generally expected, as Trach. 139, frrtl rts 58c 
TiKvoKTi Zrjif &pov\ov tlBfv ; Aristoph. Nub. 688, obllafubs' lircl vus av 
icaAcVciaj 4rrvxby 'Apvvly ; Similarly, El. 352, fail Mtiatov, % p&ff *t 
4fiov, ri pot Kfptios y4voir' far T&pftc Xtil&trg y6oov. wov] Cf. Aj. 1100, 
iroO <rh arparriytis toi)8c ; vov 8c <rol AcS? ^<rr* avd<r<ruv 5v 88* riyur* 
oXkoBw. 4 

391. kjW] So iEsch. apud Aristoph. Ean. 1287, Ztytyya Zvaaptpiay 
irptnaviv Kvva. 

393. rolmi6vros\ «to0 rvxtrros : cf. (Ed. C. 752, robriSyros ap*d<rai: 

395. fa"] Sc. payrelav. otir* Air' obfow k. t. A.] Supr. 310, sq. 

396. ftoA^] Cf. 35 supr. 

B 



30 SOPHOCLIS 

397. 6 piiBhy c284r] Supr. 37, riftr itctS&s t\4ov. 

398. yrdf*y~\ Not, as believed by the Priest (supr. 38), Tpoo-fHiKT} Btov, 
but by natural judgment, opp. to At' otevuv fxadcbv. This depreciation 
of the divine inspiration, whether of oracles or of soothsayers, which is 
expressed here by (Ed., and more boldly (infr. 707 sqq.) by Jocasta, and 
in which even the Chorus shares (infr. 500), constitutes the guilt of (Ed. 
and Joe in the mind of the poet, and renders the catastrophe compatible 
with poetical justice. Here, and supr. 375, (Ed. contrasts his clearness 
of sight, mental and physical, with the metaphorical and literal blind- 
ness of Tir. (cf. 371 supr.) : he pays the penalty of pride by the loss of 
his eyes and the discovery that he had been under a fetal mistake ; 
so that the retort of Tir. (supr. 373) is fulfilled. 

401. «A<W] Emphatic by its position ;-»©& x^p**, supr. 363. 80- 
icc?f] (Ed. plays upon the word tomb, 399, here and 402, « & /d> 
*8oiwts. teat <rb x* «. r. *.] Supr. 378. 

402. aryn\arf}<r*w') Supr. 100, 309. 

403. raB&v] Emphatic by its position. old rtp] Either (1) agrees 
with the obj. of waBt&y, Schneidewin : or (2) more probably depd. on 
$yv»s fo f equivalent to dwotcu 

406. roiofow] Sc. rSv iw&v. 

408. €i Kcd] Yid. ad 302, supr. ituroortor] Sc. iftol, Schol. 

409. KparSo] Alluding to tv parvus, 408. 

411. &<rr* oh icr.X.] Alludes to 399, supr. rpoardrov] The pa- 
tron under whose protection an alien lived at Athens. Tir. says that 
he is a free citizen (oti ri SovKos), and therefore does not want the pa- 
tronage of Creon. 

412. \4ycci\ Out of construction (c£ 449, 1234, infr.), by way of a 
solemn preface to <rv koI k.t.A. rv<p\6v] I. e. &s rwp\bv $vreu w*i- 
$t<ras] Supr. 371, 388. Vid. ad 280 supr. 

413. av koI jcr.X.] The repeated koI has something of an adversative 
force, nearly-* pi? — 5^ "while you see, you see not" &c. : cf. Ant. 1112, 
iy& 0* — abr6s r 3 fot}<ra koI vapbv {ickfoopw. For the expression cf. JEech. 
P. Y. 417, fi\4wovr€s tfi\cirov fuirnv, kXCovtss qI>k faovov. 

414. bed] I. e. in his father's house. fliw] Yid. ad 366, supr. 

415. icol \4\ri6as~\ Opp. to Kai o> ic.t.\. 417. But Schneidewin con- 



(EDIPUS TYEANKUS. 31 

neets it with the foregoing question, treating it as a aeugma, »2p* q\*& 
1uj>* &p &v \4\y6as k. t. X. 

416. adrrov] Agrees with the gen. implied in (roTeir. 

417. tyHpiTX-fiZ] Ot Traoh. 930, tyMprtrKfyyt 4>cury<£y$>. fjnjrpbs — 
*wrp6s] Expl. &|M^urA4(. 

419. vvv fib 6pff'] Supr. 413. vit&rw] C£ 374 supr., piSt rptytc 
»p&$ vvkt6s : inf. 1-173 sq. 

420. jSoifc] Depd. on *6p4>*vo3. 

421. rows Kt0a/pa>y] Instead of troiov 6pos f with an allusion to the ex- 
posure of the infant (Ed., and (perhaps) to the route which he should 
take on quitting Thebes. 

422. Karaioty] The prep, strengthens the verb, as in fcdroiba, Ka0op&, 
&c Mfiois] Depd. on Avopnov. 

423. Hvop/xor «W»Aewww, «forA©faf] The metaphor is apparently sug- 
gested by \tfi4i?, 420. 

425. (T* 4tun6<ret <roT| I. e. fltfri* «7 8«(£« (ft, Schol. <r* l£«n&rct rots 
r&potr] "place thee on the tame level with thy children" It may be ob- 
jected that l£i<rc$<rc< is used in different senses : but this accords with 
the enigmatical style of Tir. : vid. ad 316 supr. 

426. Tphs rafrra] Defiant : of. (Ed. G. 456, irpfa <ra6ra Ktd Kp4oma 
T€fATr6vrww K.r.X.: Aj. 971, irpo* re^r* 'OSvcrffefcs *r jrevots bfynffr*. 
(Tr6fxa\ "Words" (as Ant. 997, &f *y& t& ahv Qptirtrw or6pa), alluding 
to the contempt expressed by (Ed. for the predictions of Tir., supr. 
390 sqq. 

430. oIk cfo 6\*Bpor] Cf. 1 146 infr. ob irttAi*— &r«] For a similar 

pleonasm see 193 supr., iroXtowrov tpdfiii/M ywtUtoa. vdrpas Awovpor. 

432. faf/upr] Emphatic, after oW\ 

433. oir <yrfp] I. e. iicd\wv, ah yip k. r. A. : vid. ad 82, supr. 

434. <rxo\jj <t &r, ir. r. X.] So. <f <re jf&ij p£pa <pcorfi(rovra. 

435. &* jiip — fyfpoves'] Epexegesis of roaUf, 

436. jwpoi] Alluding to p«pa (fwv., 433. yovcvfft 8*] Opp. to &s 
ph trot ftojcc?: "vn the opinion ofyow parents ; n for the ethical dat. cf. 
40 supr. : infr. 616, iraAds tk*£cy cvXafhvtUvy ireatiy: (Ed. C. 1446, ArrffMu 
yhp irifoiv &rrt 8wrrvx<<v '• Ant. 904, ko/toi <r* iy& Vfyojtra rots +pov©&- 
<nv c5. ot (r* tyi/coa] I.e. 'your real parents :' vid. ad 793, infr. 

437. woioiffij] Sc. 7ovc0<r j : vid. ad 128 supr. fttuw;] (Ed. sod- 

B % 



32 SOPHOCLIS 

denly thinks he has a clue to the solution of the question which took 
him to Delphi : infr> 779-789. 

438. Tir. answers enigmatically : cf. 425 supr. 

439. cdvucrk Ktura<pri~\ The virtual predicate. 

440. <rh] Emphatic. ravra] Sc. rh alvucrh KacrcKpr). The repartee 
alludes to the boast of (Ed., supr. 391-398. 

441. rotavV] Vid. ad 372, supr. 6vtitiiC~\ Ironical. 

442. rvxv] Tir. attributes to tvxv, what (Ed. had ascribed to r*xrn, 
supr. 380, Schneidewin. 

443. i&ffoMr*'] Opp. to tiiaXt&cv, 442. 

444. -kou] Vid. ad 300, supr. 

445. Kofu(4r* Brjff] (Ed. echoes mf/ufc with bitterness : " ay, let 
him." 

446. <n/0cfs] Conditional The first tv is an anticipation of the second. 

447. tlxdbv] The force of the sentence lies in the part., which is tem- 
poral : 'I will not go wrUil I have told' &c. &v offyeic'] Supr. 284- 
289, 300-315. Tir. is stung by the last taunt of (Ed., and speaks more 
plainly* 

448. falras] Causal. 5irov] Gf. 390 supr., trov <rv ftdtms el ffcupfts. 

449. \4yu $4 <roi] Out of constr., as supr. 412. rhv Urtya rovroy] 
Attraction to %v % as Trach. 283, Tda6c V tiuntep *i<rop$s — x^P ^ *?&* «"«• 

450. dirciAwv K&txua)pv(T<joiV~\ Gerundial. 

451. olros] Repeated from rby Hvtya rovroy, 449, as supr. 383-386, u 
Ti\a6c £pXi)S ofivtx* — Tavri)S KpcW — \ddpa fi v9c\$bv 4icfia\uv tp§iperau 

452. £hos — Qyfkuos] Here %4vos is opp. to iyyev^s, peroixor to 617- 
fkuos, \6ytp to tpyy implied in e7ra — €hjj3a<o$. c?ra is temporal (<pav4\<xe- 
rcu fut.), with a slightly adversative force, as infr. 1402, oV tpya Spduras 
vfjXv ctTa tcvp* l&v 6x0V titpaaaov ad$a. For the anacoluthon after £4yos 
k. r. \. (sc. cSv) c7ra 5' — <|>av^|o-CT<u Grifkuos, vid. ad 42 supr. 

454. £v/x$of>$] In its indifferent sense (vid. ad 33 supr.), with the 
sense of ' calamity ' implied, but not expressed. rv<p\6s'] Supr. 372, 

419. 4k] Cf. Trach. 284, c£ 6\$iav &(ri\ov cvpovvau &iov. 

458. avr6s"\ A needless correction : with avr6s (the reading of MSS.) 
Idnwood compares Phil. M9» ffo^6s r to afoot KbyaBbs kckAjF &fuu Or 
avr6s may refer to rots abrov, 457, as supr. 138. 

460. 6fi6<ntopos~\ Vid. ad 260 supr. 



(EDIPUS TYRANNUS. 33 

461. €T(r»] I. e. into his house, and behind the scenes, as supr. 93. 

462. (pdo-Ktiv] Infin. for imperative : of. El. 9 ^dmcciv Mvtcffvas ths 
irokvxpbrovs dpatr. ^toj] "Turn derrvwn" i. e. when you have con- 
victed me of falsehood. Supr. 390 sq. 

463. Tir. and (Ed. leave the stage, the former towards the city, and 
the latter by the central door of the palace. 

464. The reflections of the' Chorus are suggested by the foregoing 
speech of Tiresias. ' Who is the murderer denounced by the oracle ? It 
is time that he flee, as Apollo and the Fates assail him : for the decree 
has come forth from the shrine of Apollo that will trace him out. But 
he wanders alone, the while, through woods and caves and rocks, shun- 
ning the oracular response, which cannot be eluded. Tiresias has greatly 
troubled me by his answer to the question. I know not what to think 
of it. There was no old feud between (Edipus and the house of 
Iiaius, to make me believe that the former was the murderer. At all 
events, though Zeus and Apollo are all-knowing, there is no reason for 
giving more credit to the opinion of a human prophet than to my own, 
however much one man may surpass another in natural judgment. 
Until I have better evidence, I will not join in the accusation against 
(Edipus. His service to the city in delivering it from the Sphinx for- 
bids me to do so.' 

465. Hpfnjr* typfirw] A virtual superlative ; cf. El. 849, HciXata 5«- 
\aiofv: (Ed. C. 1238, Kouch kokSw. 

467. ffOcvap&Tcpov'] Used of speed, Horn. H. ix. 501, ^ VArq 06c- 
vap^) r€ Ktd iprhros. 

469. froirAo*] Emphatic by its position, and therefore closely con- 
nected by ydp with &pa viv ic. r. A. 

470. *vp\ Ktd arepmis] Hendiadys : the dative either (1) with %vo- 
*\os, or (2) with the verb, nearly in an instrumental sense, as fraadvy, 
infr. 494. 7€Wto»] Generally "father; 1 * here "*m" (cf. Eur. Ion 916, 
6 8* 4/xbs ytvtras jcal <r6s 7'), so. Apollo, as having delivered the 
oracle. 

473. IXopifte] Used of sound, as supr. 186. 

475. irdrr 1 ] Either (i)=*ajTaxov, taking rbr 45. &vtipa as obj., Schol., 
who seems to have taken ntbr' for irdrra : or (2)=*wrdira<ri, Wund., 
who takes rbv &8. W. similarly : or (3) = t&tos, as subj . of I x^etW, Dind., 



34 SOPHOCLIS 

who takes rbv &Z. &£. similarly : or (4) with aVfya m snbj., Hera., 
Schneidewin, who take rbv tiufykov as obj. Not 1, or 1 : probably 4. 

476. <potr$ ydp k. r. X.] The image is suggested by the use of the 
word ixpctfcti', 475. 

480. kvovocuplfav] = Qtiymr, Schol. ; cf. 998 infir., 4 KdpiyOos-^fiaKpav 

MTOMCCIT • 

481. «cl fiyra] €£ supr. 45 : Ant. 456, hti wrt ravra. 

483. httvd] Either (1) oogn. ace. used adverbially, understanding 
/tic after TopdWei to agree with boKovrr' and hircxp. : or (2) depd. on 
rapdaatt, taking otirc—faofdoKovf? = otir* vurra otir' tiariora, as Schol. 
For the neuter use of active part. kwoQ&oKovff, at (Ed. C. 1604, vatrrbs 
«7x« SpfivTOs ^Sor^p. "0,t« 3*, K.T.A. (485), regarded as epezegesis of 
ofrre — kvo<p., makes (1) more probable. 

486. ovlow] " Hereafter," op?, to ivOdV. 

487. 1j Aafibaiclbau t) rf n.] I. e. ^ * j> Aotp vpbs rbv rov Ilo\6fiov . . . 
t) rtf OifarrfSi rpbs rbv Adiov, Schol. 

493. wpbs Urov] "From which," as a starting point. jBa<rdV$>] 

As infir. 471, a sort of instrumental dat., used, almost adverbially. 

495. OlSiv6$a] Depd. on <p<ha>. AafMcutfaus] Depd. on Mnovpos. 

496. Mkovqos] Cf. supr. 127: Eur. El. 138, tdpJerw bruwvpos. 

497. &AA' — olv\ These particles are to be taken together, in their usual 
sense when combined ("(my how" "however,") and refer primarily to the 
second clause, hvBp&v k.t.A. Zeis t r* 'Av6tea>v] Named, the former 
as inspiring the oracles, and the latter as Atbs wpwf^rns : vid. ad 151 supr. 

499. kvZpwv b*] Opp. to 6 fAv Zefrf r' 'At., and rendered emphatic 
by its position ; nearly =.b»Qp4nt*v : cf. supr. 43, .cfrc rov 0cdv <frh^W 
&ko6oos cfr' air* avSpfo oloBd rov. 

500. w\4op Qtptrai] Cf. Herodot. viii. ltyv\4ov aid tcort o/jjuv tycpl/uf fa. 
503. <ro^/a] Emphatic : "natural judgment," opp. to fuun-ucfj, implied 

in pdVris. Probably there is an indirect allusion to the victory of CEdi- 
pus over the Sphinx ; cf. x 380 supr. 

505. &AA*] Opposes sq. to the concession implied in trcxpia tc. r. \. 
6p06v] Secondary predicate. pAfupopJvwv'] Sc. r$ OlZivfoi : gen. 

absol. 

509. <pcwtph, [yhp 4w* avr§ vulgo] vrcp&oV k. r. A.] If ydp be not 
read, a causal connexion must be supposed, as oafbs &<f>$jj k. t. a. 



(EDIPUS TTRANNUS. 85 

.expresses the ground of confidence of the Chorus. pccptpd] Opp. to 

AftijAuv QcuhLtmp, 

513. 5eiV fcny.] Supr. 378 — 389. Creon enters from the city side. 
&TA77T&/I— /J; <p4ptw f Sehol, tvfupopais] In its indifferent sense: 

vid. ad 33 supr. 

516. *p6s rt punt] Vtdgo *plr 7' £pov. The correction involves a hy» 
perhaton like that which occurs 52 supr. 

517. <pipop] "Leading" "tending:" the metaphor k taken from a 
road, as infr. 520. 

519. anXovv — p.4y«rrov] An imperfect antithesis : ofl— ci» air\ovv is 
expl. by ei — k*k\4io-ohcu, 521 sq. 

521. jrcucfe pir — Koucbs 94] Yid. ad 4 supr. 

523. rax' &y] fo to be taken neither with the verb nor with the par- 
ticiple (as Herm., &c), but with t&x°>-> with which it coalesces, s6 as to 
form virtually a single word. The tv may originally be referred to an 
easily understood opt., e. g. here, !X0ot : cf. (Ed. C. 965, 9eo?$ yap fy 
<pl\ov rA\' &v ti iirivlovirur k. t. X. 

525. rov *p6s] For the position of wp6s, cf. 178 supr. reus ifiats 

yv&ficus] Emphatic both by its position and by reason of the assumptive 
article Tofa \6yovs 526 : vid. ad 94 supr. tfrcvffetf] Tertiary predicate. 

527. T/tooro] Passive. 7*«fy*tf] As supr. 524. 

528. *| 6/xfidrcev — tpptvis] Virtual predicate. Cf. infr. 1385, op0oi« 
IpcAXop 6fi|Laonv rodrovs &pav. 

530. ol Kparovvr*i\ PI. generalizing : vid. ad 364 supr. 

531. 88*] Vid. ad 297 supr. (Ed. enters from the palace. 

532. oStoj <rtf] As infir. 1121, otros <rb, wpfofiv. 

534. tpovcbs, \y<rrfis] I. e. in intention. rovto rfotipfo] I. e. 

himself : cf. 815 infr., ris to€8c T&v8p6s iariv hSXidntpos : 1018, ov /xa\- 
\ov oifihv to08« r&v8pfo, AAA* fow. 

536. rphs $*&v] Formula of adjuration. 

537. ittvv] Causal, and the important word. "Have you beheld 
cowardice or folly of any hmd in me that you" &c. tv fioi] Herm. 
for iv 4/JLoi. 

538. &s ov yvwpioTfu] Depd. on vvoXa&ky, or some such word, under- 
stood from iS6v. yvwpioifu refers to (Mtplav, aX^oifir}v to 8ctAfop, 536. 

540. yu&pov] Alluding to /AMplav, 536. 



36 SOPHOCLIS 

541. &vcv re *kj)6ovs} Hyperbaton. 

54a. 5] Of. Eur. Hel. 1687, yvfyuqs, $ iroWcus iv yvvai£it> ovk tvt. 
aKiffKerai] Opp. to Bt]pav. 

543. oloff ws voirjffovil This formula probably|= *oIt)<tov, olaff &s; 
cf. (Ed. C. 75, dtffff a |6s us vvp & a<t>akps ; Eur. Hec. 229, olotf olv b 
hpaffov ; It answers nearly to our colloquial phrase, "I'll tell y<m what." 

544. to* fordKovaov] Cf. 409 supr, 

545. navOdveiv] Opp. to \4yap. 

546. <tov\ Emphatic by its position. 

547. tout' ainS\ Obj. of focovffov, sc. t& oW/icpi? kcu fiapuv /x tvpi)- 
k4vo,i. us 4pSi] Sc. us ovk ttfu. 

548. rovr* ovr<$] (Ed. echoes the words of Creon as infr. 551, 552, 
et rot vofilfas, ovk c& <ppov*7s* 

549. rot] Commonly used to introduce a general sentiment, such as 

KTriixa—x 00 ?^^ 

5.52. T^y 6/«7?y] For the use of the art., cf. 231 supr., to yap */p5os 
T€\«3 '7(6, xh xfy ts *posic4i<rcTai. 

553. toSt'] Sc. to fi^i cS Qpovtlv, c2 po/if(v k. t. X. Creon admits 
the general statement of (Ed. (that it is general is shewn by rot ; vid. 
ad 549), but denies the application. 

555. &rft0cs] "Advised." The imperf. denotes an act. in relation 
to the agent, and not necessarily as an accomplished fact : the latter is 
expressed by the aor. : frcto-os ("persuaded") would have been equally 
true in this place, but irrelevant, as the question at issue is not the re- 
sult, but the conduct of Creon. Supr. 288. 

556. acftpSfuumv] Contemptuous ; as infr. 953, o-icoVct kkfmv rh. 
O-lpv' %v %Kti tov 0eo£ fxatn-evfxara : JEach. Eum. 373, ftd^at r* fodp&v Kal 
fid\* vr cu04pi <r«|tval rojc6fi€vcu koto year fuvv9ov<nv aVt/tot : Aristoph. 
Han. 1 78, us <rc|tvos 6 Kardparos' ovk oi/u6(crat ; 

557. iff aMs k. t. A.] Cf. Phil. 521, toV ovkW aurhs rots \6yois 
tovrois (fxxyjjs. 

558. iroVop — xrfvop] The sentence is interrupted and continued 560. 
The ace. is used because fypu has here a perf. force. 

562. t/xtJ ®° called supr. 389 : for the expr. fy iv rg t., cf. Aj. 
271, fake' fy iv Trj v6o-<p. 
5G3. V] Affirmative. 



GEDIPUS TYRANNUS. 37 

566. &XX* oIk — &rx«r«] Supr. 126 — 131. 

567. irwy V ohxl j] Parenthetic. Kohx] Adversative, as supr. 
4*3> <r& ical 8&opjcas kov /9XcVc<* V cT Ka«o5. 

568. o&roj] Contemptuous, as supr. 562. 6 <ro<p<fe] An ironical 
allusion to 563, oxxj>6s V &?tot*s <c. t. X. For the art., vid. ad 385 supr. 

569. ty* oh—tyXw) Cf. 1530 infr., & ph <ppov£ ykp oh (pt\a> \4yuv \vkn\v. 

570. 8c] Opposes the statement of (Ed. to that of Creon, as supr. 
379* 7«] Emphasizes rh cr6v. olcrBa, <ppovobv'] (Ed. echoes the 
words of Creon, 0T0*, <Ppov5>. 569. So Creon repeats oTSa, 571. 

572. TdV8* €>£s] Vulgo r&s 4 fids. According to the latter reading, 
ria tyA* Aatov titwpBop&s is virtually a double gen., i/uis (=ifu>v) being 
gen. of the subj., Aatov that of the obj. : cf. 852 infr., crov 7c Aatov 
<p6yov : Mach. Eum. 974, vik$ 8* aVyaft&v gjpe* 1\\uripa 8ta warrts.: for 
the art., cf. 634 infr., rt rty &&ov\ov — oroW 7X&W17S 4irf)P*°& l With 
rds? 9 iftds is seoondary pred. after clirc. 

575. ratif] Vulgo ravft : cogn. ace. 

576. ticpdveaS] Strengthened by the prep. : confident and defiant, cf. 
441 supr., Toiawr' oVcfttf . oi> ydp k. t. X.] The ground of con- 
fidence. 

578. &prri<ris « t. X.] Slightly ironical : for the expr., cl El. 527, 
t&v6' Ipvrprtt ovk fvw-rt pot. 

579. 8*] Connects opx €l » *.r.X. with ttcX^V— -*x«f : Creon proceeds 
as if not noticing the interruption. &/>X c " *• T * x Here lictlvy 
depd. on roord*, and either (1) rcdrrd obj. of 4px <tJ > 7^' depd. on few, 
(Wund., Iinwood) : or (2) yrjs depd. on &px<tf» Ta^ra* cogn. ace. after 
opx* (<^ 575 supr.), and Xtrov viprnv epexegesis of tyx* 1 * — 7n*> Dhid., 
Schneidewin. As 1 would represent the territory as divided between 
(Ed. and Joe, 2 is decidedly preferable. 

581. rplros] Cf. (Ed. C. 8, al t&Oou — x» XP*" *— *«* T0 y*™&>v Tpt- 
tov : Aj. 1 1 74, fcbfuif Ipoi koJ -rijaJe icoi (rarrov Tpfrov. 

582. Tdp] Elliptic. : vid. ad 82 supr. The suspicions of (Ed. are con- 
firmed by the last question of Creon. 

583. oftc] Sc. ay (pcuy6fiT}v *c. (p. Creon explains his words. 81- 
80(171— A<fyoy] Cf. Herodot. i. 34, 6 8i *W re Qrytpfai, koL imrrf \6yov 
ftajee : i. 209, cVf 1 oV 8J> Q*y4p6ri 6 Kvpos 48£8ov XAyov Iwvrf «/>i rfjj 
Ityuw : also iii. 25 ; iv. 102 ; vi. 138. The phrase is so common in He- 

B 5 



38 SOPHOCLIS 

rodot. that its occurrence here may perhaps be reckoned among his points 
of. contact with Sophocles : vid. ad 981, infr. &s iy&] Sc. \6yov 

iiBwfju cftavTf (<=\oyi(o/jLau), not <rol, as Dind., Schneidewin, &c. 

584. trpSorov] Belongs not to rovro, but to o-ictycu rovro : opp. to koI 
thvV ikeyxov, infr. 603. &»] Belongs to 4XcV0at. 

586. c08ovr'] Cf. 65 supr. ; 1222 infr. : iEsch. Eum. 705, cftSevrw tore* 
typrpyopos (ppotprjpa yrjs KoOiorafUu. 

587. ty6] Emphatic, opp. to tu^, 584. ply oly] Limits the 
general negation implied in vittyou — cf rut av toiteis k. r. X., to iy& and 
&k\os oar is (Toxpp. trior. otir 9 avr6s k. r. X.] For a similar anaco- 
luthon, cf. Trach. 282, Kctvoi b* bw*px*J&urres in y\dnr<rns fcoirip, avrol 
pcv'Atoov w&vTts cfir* oiicfiropts, iroAfcs 8c 806X1}: Aristoph. Nub. 121, 
oifK Upa p& r))v Afinnrpa r&y y* ipJSov ISfi o^t' avr6s o<50' 6 tyytos otff 6 
0Ofip6pas. 

588. rlpawa] Used as an adj., as Ant. 1169, rtpawoy trxrjfuu 

590. vvv\ Opp, to €t 6* atrrbs fyx *' T^W Befers to iy& — •*>"' 

o6r<(5 only. &vtv <p6fiov] Opp. to {by $6fiouri, 535. $4»»] 

=<f>tpojicu* 

596. i-oo-i] Masc;, as appears from was. X°M "Am an good 
terms with" 

597. cdicdWoiHTi] A probable conj. of L. Dindorf for cVucoXovo-i. 

598. avrourt way] For the vulg. avrobs &v*y. 

599. tcuv] Sc. to ak^ &pX""> t&c being the present state of things. 

600. vovs kok6s] "An evil intention" (as in the phrase ris & vovs 9 
Aristoph. Ban. 47), i. e. such as was attributed to him by (Ed. 
jcoXdr <ppoyS>y] "Judging rightly" as Ant. 557, koX&s <rb fib rois, rois 
ff C7& 'Sorrow o)poWtv. 

601. yv^fitji] ~yovs kok6s, 600. 

602. tXo/i;v] Sc. 5ooV. 

603. focTxoy] In appos. with the following sentence : cf. Ant. 44, 
$ yap rocts $drrtty <rtf, dir6ppirrov woXu : JSsch. Agam. 233, IrXa 8* o&V 
Ovr^ip ytvtcBai dvyarpbs, ywautorwohf** iroXi/u*' dpcrydv leal irporfXcta 
raw. rovro /*cV] Opp. to- tout* 4xX* (6o5)=tovto 8* aft: of. El. 
601, 6 8* dXXat c'{c»— rXtipuw 'OocVnj* 8wm/x$ rplftei Ploy. IIv048* 
ti>y tc&ov] Paronomasia, as. gupr. 70,. c*» to IlvOucd Ivc/x^a *o(j8ou SI/mio", 

folrfOotft'f T^IUT.X, 



GEDIPUS TYRANNUS. 39 

604. ft] " Whether" expecting an amrmative answer. 

605. T<p rtpcuncfay] Depd. on koivtj. Alludes to the suspicions of (Ed., 
supr. 385 sqq., 555 sqq. &*— Ai0ps] Cf. 461 supr. 

607. Xufifr] AHudes to ArfjSpr, 605. 

608. x<*>pis\ "By yourself" L e. * without reference to me, and on 
your own judgment.' 

609. ftdryv] The most important word. ' 

612. rbv fitorov] So. 4icfSa\*?v. The expression rbv trap* abrf is used 
for rbv a&rov, on account of the comparison with <f>l\ov t to which it is 
more appropriate. 

614. Miccuoy] Referring to xpV*ro6s 610, and M\6v 611. 

616. fbKa&ovfidvy wtaciv] "In the judgment of one who u careful not 
to fall" For the use of the dat., vid. ad 436 Bupr. 

617. <ppovc7v] Depd. on both rax&s and &(r$oXc?s, both of which refer 
to ebKa&ovptvy. 

618. raxfo, **xfi*\ Allude to Tax«s 617, and opp. to fiovxAfa"- 
fAob*i/$ov\ffa>y~\ =fioi &n/3ovA«<W, as flavor I &c. : the correction of Dind. 
for ovmfiovXtiwv. In the vulg. raxvs (as rax^v 619) is used adverbially, 
and is qualified by ris, (as quidam after an adj. in Latin) : cf. Aj. 1266, 
<fxv. rod 9<w6rros &s rax«td rvt fiporots X^P 1 * &appct. 

621. xnrpaypb? tarai] " WW, have been accomplished." 

622. rl — ? k.t. A.} CI (Ed. C. 643, ri bnra xrffc" 5 ^ Mpovs <rrffx«r 
ifuris; 

624. fray it. t. A.] Sc. 6avovfMU. rb <p9ov*7v] Either (i)»4 iftbs 

*pbs <r\ <t>96vos, Brunck., Wund., Dind., Schneidewin ; cf. 382 supr., otos 
trap' fyu* 6 $M*o% QvXfoo'ercu : or (2) "quid sit quo indignere." Herm. 

626. oh ydp «. r. A.] Sc. \4y» : qv belongs to cS. rb yow 4fi6v] 

Sc. c$ <t>poy&. 

61?, fat K&ft6y] Sc. cJ <ppov*iv. 

628. fi W} " But what if—;* as (Ed. C. 590, AXV cl tfamr y ofai 
(fol <pftyuy Ka\6v; mMv) Sc. 5f browta, SchoL, referring to 

fyvi kokAs. hpttrtov] Either (1) passive, referring to Creon, as 

Ellendt., Wund., Dind., Schneidewin : or (2) active, referring to (Ed., 
as Sehoi, Linwood. To 1 it is objected that this verbal is not so used : 
to 2 that the gen. absol. kok&s */ &px ovros i* not we ^ referred to the 
virtual subj. of the sentence. 



40 SOPHOCLIS 

629. & v6\is] Alluding to the charge of Creon, kokws y' £px OVT °t. 

630. fxtrcariv] The verb is Dot so properly applicable to <ro\ |*6%qp as 
to K&fxol, except in so far as the whole includes a part : c£ the use of 
\JLtralrios, Trach. 260, tM« ykp (i€Ta£tiov povov $porwp fyaa-fcc rovb* cfrcu 
vdBovs. For the sentiment, cf. Ant. 737, *6\is ykp ovk fo-fl* fyris &y$p6s 
laff Ms. 

631. The excitement of the speakers is marked by their fragmentary 
speeches : the altercation is interrupted by the entrance of Jocasta from 
one of the side-doors at the back of the stage. iccuptav] Emphatic 
by its position : used adverbially with arrclxovva. fyuy] Depd. on 
Kcuplav. 

632. •rijitf] Vid. ad 297 supr. 

634. ri\v — arda-iv] " Yowr tumult." For the art., cf. Phil. 327, vivos 
yhp a>5« tov peyar x^Aoi **? owr&v lyicaXuv iKfavdas ; 

636. KBia] Opp. to yrjs. 

637. ovk el — oftrcre] oh with fut., interrogative in form, is a virtual 
imperative, as oh yd\ with fut. denotes a prohibition. The formulae are 
here united, as Aj. 75, ov aTy* Ayc'lct, |&i)& fciKlav tyus ; 

638. rb fir)B4v\ "A nothing:" cf. £1. 1166, rty ftafikv 4s r£ \vrfik*. 
&\yos] Depd. on oXarr* els. 

640. Odrtpov tvotv kokoip] The conj. of Dind. for Suoiv kwoKplvas ica- 
koIv. The synizesis tivoiv y and the long antepenult in bvoKpivas, are 
unusual, as is the signification given to tooicplvas by the Schol., $y rw 
Ho wovficas. 

641. ^ yrjs k. t. A.] Cf. supr. 622, 623. 

643. robpbv v&pa] Cf. (Ed. C. 355, & toC8' 4xpfotol «^m*tds. 

645. wi>] Depd. on ri. 

647. SpKov] Refers to tycuos 644. Bevv] Gen. obj. 

654. 4v fpKy fi4ycuf]—fAeyd\7jp vi<rr& bcayfatvov faro tov SpKov, Schol. 
For the use of 4v, cf. Aj. 488, cfircp ruibs oOIvovtos lv irAovnp *pvywv : 
El. 428, otiroi foarrdo'eis, ovr€ y6ots > oOr* tv Xtrais. 

656. iyayv] » iv tpny fieyw, herring to apcuos — bXolpnv 644. +1- 
\ov] Yid. ad 366 supr. 

657. ow tyaftk \6yy~) As yv6m VMiktp, supr. 608. c'] Inserted 
by Herm. to avoid the hiatus. 

659. 6\*6pov k. t. A.] Cf. 641 supr. 



(EDIPUS TYRANNUS. 41 

660. ob] Sc. (ryr& theQpov K.r.\. oh r6v *. t. A.] = ou /k& r6v 
k. r. A., as infr. 1088, ov tov "OXvpirov, aveipwy, & KiOalpuv, oIk £«« : 
Ant. 758, 4AA' ov r6v6"'OXv|virov ttrff tiri k. t. A. 0*&v Oebv rrp6pov] 
Cf. 215 supr., Vi r^ kwoWiftov iv Ocots Ocov. 

661. &0cosj Probably alludes to Mv y 6§&k, 660. 

665. <f>6ifds] A correction of Bind, for QOlvovtra. Cf. 25 supr. 

666. rdtf] -A correction of Herm. for Kal t<£5*. The vulg. is retained 
by Schneidewin, who gives el a causal force, nearly «3ri : this perverts 
the obvious sense of the passage. The Gho. means, 'What I suffer 
from the present national calamity, will be overwhelming if the rising 
enmity between (Ed. and Creon is added to it.' vpoad^ei] Else- 
where transitive, but here intrans., unless we make 70 the subj., as 
Elmsl., Wund. 

669. 6 <r<p$y] Sc. (Ed. and Creon. 9* olv] Vid. ad 3T<ABupr. 

K€t] "Even if:" ko! c< makes a supposition, saying nothing as to its 
probability : §1 Kod assumes the truth of the supposition which it 
makes ; vid. ad 302 supr. xavreK&s — /3ta] Cf. 641, 659, supr. 

671. i\eiv6y] Proleptic: cf. Ant. 881, tov 6* ifd>y xdrfioy &8dicavTOv 
obtiels q>i\u>v artydfa. 

673. <rruyv6s\ Alludes to trrvyfitrerai, 672. 

674. Bvfiov *epd<Txii\ = tir\ rh v4pas toOps tt)s opyrjs, Schol. The gen. 
follows irepdays, as it = -repay $3. oGkovv fi Idaeis] Vid. ad 637 supf . 

677. rvx&*\ Cf. 1449 infr., J|aoO tie pfaor* a£ia>frf)Tu> r6tie trarpyoy 
fonv {&VTOS olanyroi) rvxctv. teypwros] Active. rotao*"} Sc. the 

Chorus, and possibly the spectators ; vid. ad 216, 373, supr. firos] 

Either (1) —tilicaios : or {i)*=rvxhv tijs Spotas Wfr* %v k*\ trpSnov €l%ov 
wtpl ifiov, Schol. Creon leaves the stage. 

679. t6vV] Sc. (Edipus. 

680. fia$ov<ra] Sc. KOfuSb abr6v, which is implied in y*. 

681. ayv&s] Used actively, as supr. 677. \6ywv] Depd. on B6- 
Kfi<rtf, (not on kyv&s, as Wund.,), with which it coalesces, so as to form 
virtually a single phrase : cf. iEfeoh. Agam. 990, rbr tic ayev xbpas S/mos 
6fw»te7 tyrf)vov 'Epvvvo*. 1j\0e] Cf. 523 supr., AAA' 4)X0c m^ ^ 
rovro rotivutios k. t. A. 

685. ycis TpoirorovfUyas] Cf. 665 supr. 

686. lAirlcr] Sc. 4 Ao>j . 



42 SOPHOCLIS 

688. ralfitv] " My interest " sa supr. 624. traplrjs teal KaTa/x$\6vcts] 
Vulgo wapttU Kcd KarafifiKfovv. *6*f ] Sc* T & *&* ' depd. on Karafifi. 
But Dr. Kennedy, 1. c, takes rohfUv with itiap, which he regards as depd. 
on both participles, and expl. ' indifferent to and disposed to suppress 
the feelings of my heart/ — i. e. ' my just resentment.' 

689, el**? per k. r. A.] The Cho., again suspected by (Ed., repeats its 
protestations of fidelity : cf. 660 supr. 

691. irt<p<iv6ai\ Pluperfect : the direct and accurate constr. would 
have been hr*<pdv6y)v &r c2 a* ivoa^t(6fiipf. 

69a. tit t' ifidv] Hyperbaton : cf. 541 supr. For the connection of a 
categorical proposition with the expression of a wish, cf. 52 supr., 6pn6i 
ybp Kot tV t6t* cuV/y *4xw napfox* 5 if^f **l fcanhf foot ywov. 

696. €*] " Utinam ;" cf. 862 infr. ytvoio] Vulgo Mvato ytvov : 

the last word is omitted by Herm., Wund., &c, who regard tl tivveuo as 
a conditional clause. 

698. Urov] Cf. Phil. 327, t£vos yhp 28c rbv fUyav \6\ov m> oftrdr 
4yica\wv ik^XjuOas ) " 

700. Twvtf] Depd. on w\£ov. 

701. Kptomos] The answer to tirov, 698. ola — tfx«] Epexegesis 
of Kpiovros firjutv ovhaas tx** 

702. tyro**?] Vid. ad 698 supr. 

703. <py<Ti\ Creon has nowhere asserted it ; but (Ed. is firmly per- 
suaded +hat the declarations of Tiresias (supr. 353, 362, 451 sqq.) were 
prompted by him (cf. supr. 378, 380 sqq.), in spite of his disclaimer. 

705. ix\p olv] Qualifies the statement in the preceding clause or 
dpeech : " not so, fort— ." Supr. 387, 555. 

706. r6 y* cit ka\n6i\ Opp. to (idnv. irov] Adverbial. 

707. The»catastrophe hangs upon this speech. Jocasta in endeavour- 
ing to divert the attention of (Ed. from the charge of Tir., incidentally 
mentions a circumstance which confirms the charge. The contempt 
here thrown upon the oracles by Joe., is the sin which justifies the ca- 
tastrophe, so far as she is concerned. It is also a sin which is ingeni- 
ously made to be the occasion of its own punishment. &r] Depd. 
on both lup*ls and wcpl. 

708. <roi) The dat. is nearly pleonastic : cf. (Ed. C. 83, £ tIkpqp, i 



GEDIPUS TYEANNUS. 43 

709. tx * t*x»"?*] The oonstr. with t% w ia as if either (1) /aeWxw 
had been used, (Wund.), or (2) as if it had been ixop&ov. Neither 
expl. is quite satisfactory, but either is more so than that of Schnei- 
dewin, who regards parr. riy(y, as a gen. partitive. 

711. ydp] "Namdy" after <pavS>-~<rqfx*ia : cf. (Ed. C. 146, 8tjXa 8'- 
ob ydp kv £8* iKKorpUus 6pfjuouriv eZproi*. oitic 4pw k. t. A.]=ou*c kp& 

rb $o(0ov &ir* avToO : Joe. inserts this clause to save herself from the 
charge of impiety. 

713. ^ot] Vid. ad 341 supr. With *|oi, the probable conj. of Wund., 
cf. Phil. 331, Arcl yhp fox* /""?' 'Ax»AA«« flwcu'. 

715. rbv p4v] I. e. Laius : opp. to ircuVbs &4, 717. 

716. Aporaf] Supr. 122 : added to expl. (6w. 

717. ZUv%ov\ Sc. from the time when he was exposed, as expressed 
by koI vuf k. r. A. 

718. jcafj Temporal use of Kai : cf. Phil. 354, fy V jfiap ffh} ttfoepov 
t\4ovt( ftoi, K&yb viiepbv Sfyciop obpiy w\drp jconrytf/u^. kcivos} 
I. e. Laius. 

719. HQarov els 6pos] Certainly more rhythmical than the vulg. ff* 
ti&arrov Spos : but the latter is supported by such instances as infr. 1496, 
ri yhp kokwv &rc<rri ; rbv irdrcpa irarfjp— : Aj. 459, fx&i 54 Tpoia ir«wra 
Kcd ircSia t&8«. 

720. ffwaw] Cf. 156 supr. 

722. na6e?v~\ A probable correction for Oavtiir. With the vulg., rb 8«- 
v6v is in appos. with the sentence. 

724. &v — tptwqi] —ti ykp 6 Btbs (nrjjj itphrovra Kpiwas (rrrciaBeu, SchoL 
The sentiment is verified by the catastrophe. 

725. avr<fe] I. e. foev fiamtioov. 

726. iprlws] Is used (like vdkat) with the pres., when it denotes an 
act or state continuing up to the present moment. 

728. fitpifufris] Depd. on Sro : or, if we read dinxrrpa^cfc, pep. is the 
gen. expressing the reason. 

730. rpntXau a^a|iTo«] Supr. 716, infr. 800. (Ed., whose indigna- 
tion against Creon and Tir., has blinded him hitherto, is partially awak- 
ened to the truth by the casual mention of this circumstance. 

731. ijWoto] Cf. 527 supr. ydp] Vid. ad 82 supr. KftavT* 
«X«] Cf. 699 supr., <rrf}(ras ty €is ' 



44 SOPHOCLIS 

734. A(K<pwv K&wh AavXtas] Vid. ad 93 supr. Thebes is of coarse to 
be understood as the place to which the third road (supr. 716) led. 

735. rourV] Cf. Eur. Bacch. 353, XP^ V0S & T ^ T $ »**8l foMrfrpoyjilry, 
Schneidewin. 

738. The absence of caesura gives weight to the line. 

739. ivBvfuov] Of. Trach. no, ivBvftiots *vva?$ kvavtydnoHTi rpirx*- 
<r$cu. 

740. <p6<riv] = <pirf)v. 

741. *x«"] So- ?»• 

742. /x4yas] Sc. fy, understood out of (pvciv riv* «?x«. x^f** 
&pn] Vid. ad 726 supr. \tvKw04s] Proleptic. 

743. fiop<f>rjs k. t. A.] A master-stroke of dramatic art. The family 
likeness (as it proves to be) between (Ed. and Laius, which is thus 
casually revealed by Joe, is passed over unnoticed by (Ed., (as his 
words which follow obviously refer to the description of Laius in the 
previous line) ; but it seems to draw the attention of the spectators to 
the most tragic features of the story, the parricide and incestuous mar- 
riage' of (Edipus. 

744. kpds] Supr. 936 sqq. 

. 745. ovk eiScVcu] Throws the main force of the sentence on the part., 
like \cw6dveur : vid. ad 366 supr. 

747. fify — f] Depd. on hdvfxv, which implies the notion of fearing : 
cf. 74 supr., kuvu rl vpdff<r*t. fi\4ww] Supr. 371, 389, 41 1 sq. 

749. okvw fi4u] Repeated from 746. hv V] Vulgo & 5' &v. 

750. fkuAs] I. e. 'with few comparisons;' like the use of frequent 
in Latin. 

758. Kfxirrj tri r] Hyperbaton. The anxiety of the Herdsman to be 
sent away (&s wAeurrojr cftj rovtf &woirros 6<rrevs) must be supposed to be 
owing to his recognition of (Ed. 

761. by pots — voftds] Vid, ad 93 supr. 

763. of] The correction of Herm. for &y' : = &s (as supr. 751) : u fvr 
a dame;" of. infr. 1118, wurrbs &s vofubs kvi\p\ Phil. 584, XM^d y, 
eP fo)ip vtvTis. 

765. itwt fa] With opt., frequently expresses a wish : cf. Aj. 388, 
vds &v rhv alfwX^Taroy — 6\fo<ras — tcAos Odvoipi Kain6s ; 
66. *dp«rTiv] = $v€(rTi. 



(EDIPUS TYRANNUS. 45 

767. ifiavr6p] Refers to the virtual, though not the actual, subject 
of the dependent clause. 

769. rov\=Mprov. 

770. iv aoi] " Te jvdice" Herm. : el CEd. G. 12 14, (ncauoofcav <pu- 
XduT(r<i>v cv ipoi Kar&riXas tarcu. 

771. o-Tipyeps] Sc. rod pa0eur. 7'] Assents to the assumption 
of Joo., &£fa 5c irov fiaBiiy nd-y6. 4s rovovrav — fef&ras] Alluding 
to supr. 767, 768. Cf. 125 supr., is r& hv r6\fiiis f/3*. fawlfay] 
"Expectation" for the indifferent use of the word, cf. Trach. 111, kokcLv 
StWcwov €\irt£owav alow. 

772. /i€if>H-^V /iaAAov, Schol. The conj. of Wund. is fielfrva, 
which does not mend the matter. 

773. r{fxns rouurb*] Refers to the following narrative, cf. 776 infr. 
CEd. gives a sketch of his history before the commencement of the ac- 
tion. It is reserved with great art to this part of the play ; since, had 
the spectator been in possession of this knowledge from the first, the 
plot would have been too transparent. With 81& r^x>f *> ct (Ed. C. 905, 
6V dpyrjs -Jjicov. 

778. r$f ififis] I. e. 'which I have spent upon it/ As (Ed. still be- 
lieves himself to be the son of Polybus, he regards the oracle (infr. 791- 
793) as altogether futile. Gt 707-725 supr. 

780. kclKu — rKcurrbs &s &r\v] A confusion between ftaAct wAaorrfr, 
and tlxt *A. us &\v : cf. 842 infr., \ito~rbs tywncts ainby fotipas iyvtwfiv 
&s vi¥ KaratcTtlvoicv. 

782. fcarfoxov] So. ifxavr6v. 

783. &vff$6p»s — fyyov] Gf. Ant. 34, to irpayfi* &y*w ov\ &s imp* otMv. 

784. rf pctfcVr*] Depd. on $vo*$6pws 1ryov=&\wp6pow. The supposed 
parents of (Ed. seem to have evaded the question, and to have left him 
still under the belief (r& /it? Ktlvotr ir€pir6priv) that he was their son ; • 
cL 794-798, 827, infr. 

785. rd] Depd. on fVcpwrfpip' : c£ Aj. 136, 9c fAv c$ trpda-ffovr* cVi- 
Xalpoo. 

786. hptipT*] Cf. JSsch. Agam. 450, <p9ov*obv 8* vir' tKyos Ipirti vpo- 
tiUois *Arptl&cus. 

789. Urifiov] Gf. (Ed. G. 49, p4 fx imp&oyjfy toUvq* Mrnpr, &v ac 
rpocrpiw* <f>pdo~cu. 



46 SOPHOCLIS 

790. irpolnfuhni] irpofyrivtv (the correction of Herm.) is probable : cf. 
Trach. 1163, &s rb 9ctbv fa irptyavrov. 

791. fiifrpX fib] Opp. to <pov«bs 5i — warrpSs, 793 : cf. 414, 457-460, 
supr. XP € ^] " I wa8 doomed" 

793. <f>ov*bs V k. r. X.] C£ 459 supr. rov (pvrcfoarros] Appa- 
rently added by the oracle to distinguish Lains from the reputed father 
of (Ed., but not so understood by (Ed. himself: cf. 436 supr., yovtvtrt 
8* ol or' tyvvav : 817 infr., U6kufiov ts igtyvo* K^46p^4 fit. 

794. tV KoptvBlay — x^ a ] I- e - ' conjecturing the position of Corinth 
by observing the stars.' 

796. &0a] I. e. teeurc tvOa. 

797. r&v IfjAv] " Uttered concerning me :" £/u£y=gen. obj. 

800. Ktd <rot] The genuineness of the verse is doubtful ; but, without 
it, there is a scarcely tolerable asyndeton in 801. As (Ed. is now com- 
ing to the main point of his narrative, he naturally prefaces his con- 
fession by the words iced cot — ifrpv (vid. ad 412 supr.): these words 
seem to point chiefly to what follows immediately, r/uirAijs — t4\os. 
TpnrXijs] Is marked out by its isolated position at the close of the line, 
as well as by standing first in the sentence, as the emphatic word : and 
it is placed in this prominent position, as marking the most prominent 
point of contact between the recollections of (Ed. and the narrative 
of Joe. C£ 716, 730, supr. 

801. rijvtf] Refers to rofatic robs x^P° v h 798. 

802. KtjovQ Cf. 753 supr. * 

803. Mivtis] Cf. 753 supr. otov eb <p4\s\ Supr. 74a. 

804. ityffu&v]^Tpoxn^ T *l t 9 806. 

805. irplcrjBvs] Because he was otov <rb <p4\s, 803. ^Xaupintv] " Tried 
to drive i* so 4tcrp4wovra f 806 : vid. ad 555 supr. 

806. rbv rpoxyXArrivl Epexegesis: cf. 837 infr., rbv frfya, rbv 
farijpa. 

808. #x ot "] Depd. on vapaortlxorra: for the pi. cf. El. 727, plraflra 
ffvpwalouffi BapKolots 6\oi%. With the vulg. $x w ("from the chariot"), 
cf. Phil. 630, ffcigai viAs &yopr* 4v 'Apyiiots fi4(rois : El. 78, Kcd mV Ovp^v 
$b\>$a irpo<rr6Xaf$f rwbs Jto>0T«iro&nff Mop cda$4<r6ai, t4kvqv. 

810. finp'] So. riyumpiay. 

813. Krelvm — ^fnrtarras] Cf. 1 18 supr., 0v4\<tkov<ti yhp, wXty th ns. §1 



GEDIPUS JTYRANNUS. 47 

8e — rt cvyytyts] (Ed. Truant, 'if this stranger was Laius,' but he seems 
afraid to look the supposition in the face : cf. 1167 infr. 

814. Aatov] Vulg. Acrfy. The sequence of datives makes the sentence 
ambiguous. After this line Dind. has omitted ris rov84 y* totipbs vvv 
far' [fr'?] k0\i6r*pos : Schneidewin, who retains the line, compares the 
repeated question with infr. 82 2 sq. 

816. Zv] Causal, and therefore followed by p4> The MSS. have $, tim£. 

817. %6fAOis-^Kpo<r<p<>ovt?v\ Supr. 338, /i^r' *UrMxe<rBaa p-frr* Tpoafytovtiv 
riycu riFa] Ace. before irpo<r<pw*iy repeated from tivi, 816. 

818. v9t1v V k. r. A.] Sc. xph irdmas, understood out of /x)j Qtari nvi : 
cf. 241 supr., u>9tu> 9* Att" qXkoov wirras. 

819. ko/ — xpotrrMs] Supr. 236, sqq. : cf. 744 supr. 

820. h? ipavrf] To be taken closely with 4y4. rdffb* tyd$] Ep- 
exegesis of rdtf. 

822. 2pa] Expects an affirmative answer, as well as ip obx^ 823. 

823. ft] Nearly — cftrep. 

825. fitiV] The correction of Dind. for /i< ft*, the reading of MSS. 

With the vulg., cf. 818 supr., %v ph $4vwv f£c<m tvvI 96/aoi* Six* **** 

pL7i$h Tpo<r<pwv*ur tvvA. irarpftos] I. e. Corinth. 

827. This line is marked as spurious by Wund. : it destroys the am- 
biguity of ydpois — Karoucrayuy. 

828. &fiov] The important word. vw(rn\v foipay] Sc. iv $ 8c* yd- 
fMts firjrpbs (vy. Kal irar. fcararr. 

^35- *dporros]=ts irafnjy, supr. 756. 

836. Ti)f iXiriBos] Refers to *x* fowlta, 835. 

837. t&k — farrjpa] Supr. 761 : vid. ad 806, supr. 

838. irtpaxr^ivov] Gen. absol. : cf. 629 supr. 

841. v€punr6v] "Remarkable." 

842. XjHrrds) Emphatic by its position. (Ed. stakes his last hope on 
the correctness of Jocasta's account (supr. 716), which coincides with 
that of Creon (supr. 122 sq.) Yet (Ed. himself speaks of 6 Kyvrfis (supr. 
124), and throughout his proclamation (224 sqq.) treats the murderer 
as an individual. He is thus made to describe himself unconsciously. 

843 . &s viv Karater* Ipouy] Vid. ad 780, supr. ti ph] Opp. to cl U, 846. 

844. iydi] Emphatic. 

845. rots toXKois] I. e. 'the many of whom you Bpoke. 1 



48 SOPHQCLIS 

846. oUfavov] Like the phrase common in Herodotus, etifayos hri\p. 

847. ^5jj] tl Now: n i. e. ' when he shall have said so.' 

848. &s <paytv — hrtffraffo] Cf. QBd. C. 1583, &s \t\otv6ra Ktivov rh» del 
ftioroy ittxle-TOffo. 

851. €i y olv k. t. A.] Joe. prepares a refuge for (Ed., in case his ex- 
periment Mis. 

852. a6v\ Secondary predicate : 5t*cuW 6p06v (for which Linwood 
codj. Minis 4s opQ6v : cf. Trach. 347) being used adverbially. Schneide- 
win, who retains the vulg. t6v, translates, "he will not shew that the 
murder of Laivs has turned out as it ought" i. e. 'in accordance with 
the oracle.' 

^53- Zvye] Causal. 

855. KairoL k.t.X.] Cf. 720 sqq. 

857. /uaprefar] Depd. on oSvtK, like the phrase 4pov y* ivtua. The 
contempt for the oracles which Joe. displays now appears in a more un- 
disguised form : vid. ad 707, 71 1, supr. 

859. ipydryv] Supr. 756. 

860. oi&lv — <t>l\ov] Cf. Ph. 1227, cirpogot fpyov trotor &v off <ret 
Tp4rov. 

863. (Ed. and Jocasta retire into the palace. The tone of Joe. in 
reference to the oracles excites the alarm of the Chorus, who are never- 
theless afraid or unwilling to censure it openly. Accordingly, begin- 
ning with an expression of pious sentiments in the most general terms, 
they descend by degrees to the special duty of shewing reverence to- 
wards the divine oracles. ' May I maintain piety and holiness in word 
and deed, in obedience to the eternal laws of heaven. Impious violence 
engenders the tyrant, and when it has climbed the highest peak, gets 
into precipitous places, where it cannot use its foot to any purpose. If 
a man walks proudly in deed and word, regarding neither justice nor 
the gods, may evil overtake him ! What man indeed so acting could 
expect to escape it ? For if impiety' is to flourish, there is an end to all 
religion. Never again will I regard the oracles, if there do not happen 
some signal example of the truth of my words. Almighty Zeus, I be- 
seech thee not to overlook these things. Men are beginning to mock at 
the predictions concerning Laius : the oracles are no longer in honour ; 
and religion is coming to an end. 1 



(EDIPUS TYBANNTJS. 49 

863. t<] "Utirnam" $4pom] <l Assist me in maintefowng" Linwood. 
The participle is, strictly speaking, temporal. Bat it also implies the 
result, as though <t>4p*iv had been used. 

864. fwipa] Not " good fortune/' as Schol., hut in the indifferent sense 
of the word : " may it be my lot," &c. 

866. tyhrofa] Expl. by otpariav — t*kpv94pt*s. 

867. 8i'] De loco in quo quia moratur dictum ; sed tralate, EUendt. : 
hrr\ rod Iv otyxwqp TixftcVrts, SchoL fr—iraraicoi/rtkrp] Cf. Ant. 455 : 
ob ydp ti vvv tc ff&gtfes AAA'&W wore (jj ravra, icoiftffif «©€* 4| trov'QdrQ. 

871. Ms] "Aftmeft." tola tfoafus, Schol. 

873. 8jSpis] Opp. to cfoewror &yvticu>i here means every thing which 
is most contrary to it. 

874. fatp*\ii<r6y~\ k6oos, implied in the verb, and t&pis are associated 
by ^Esch. Ag. 763 ; Pind. 01. xiii. 10 ; Herodot. vii. 77; Theogn. 153 ; 
Schneidewin. pAraS] Cf. 890 infr., partfw ; iEesoh. Cho. 82, pa- 
Talourt StffTorav rbx*aus : Eum. 336, (hrcermv to2<tw oxnwtpyUu £vfiW<r«<nj' 
|i£ratot. 

876. hitpfcoxov] Gonj. for lucpor&rap. 

877. aliros] SuppUed by Dind., after Arndt. K*6ropov~\ To be 
taken with owdyicav. Schneidewin compares Ant. 853, wpofieu/ «V f<rxa- 
rov Opdaovs tyrjXbv is AUas fiddpov xpo<r&rt<r*s. 

878. x/wiMV] Proleptic. ov xpiprJfi? taken in connection with xpV~ 
rat involves a kind of oxymoron. 

880. ird\ai<Tfta] The investigation of the murder of Laius. 

884. H] Opposes what follows to ft pat ^weii) «c r. A., 863. Mp- 
©wra] Neut. pi. used adverbially ; cf. Aj. 197, todpfaira dppuvrai. x*P- 
<rhr $ koytp] Contrasted with \6y»v tpym* r* f 865. Top*6ercu] 
"Walk*." 

885. ohW\ Not fafid, as the conditional force of c* extends only 
to ru. 

886. I8i|] Alluding especially to the disparagement of the oracles. 

887. Kwca — poipa] Alludes to uotpa, 864. 

888. x* 4 ***] r ^ ne temper implied in i>w4poirra—*wope6rrcu. 

889. ci fify — /uar^fw] Epexegesis of c< — woptdcrcu, 884. ph negatives 
both KtpSavu and If^croi (these verbs being connected by kcU), but not 
?{fra<, which follows the disjunctive fj. to"] Assumptive article 
(vid. ad 94 supr.) ; throws the emphasis on bicalas. 



50 SOPHOCLIS 

(89a. 4y rourf] Cf. Ant. 39, d riff iv rotroit. Bvpov] Vulg. 0u/u$. 

Divine wrath. 

896. rl — xop^c"'] Th© Chorus, forgetful, as it were, for a moment of 
their assumed character, allude to their religious functions in the wor- 
ship of Dionysus. 

899. oIk4ti — 'OAv/iWav] The reflexions of the Chorus gradually nar- 
row to the point in question ; the places mentioned, viz. Delphi, Abee 
in Phocis (Herodot. viii. 33), and Olympia (Pind. 01. viii. 2), all being 
seats of famous oracles. 

902. retoe] Here retrospective, as rotarV, 892 ; roioftc, 895. X«W* 
ffeiicra] Proleptic. 

903. apfjuLtrci] Generally transitive : here intransitive : of. Ant, 13 18, 
riff oinc lw* aKXov pporwv ifuis apfx6cti wot* i£ curias : Trach. 728, atyav 
hv apfU(oi ere. " Unless these things smt" sc. the event. fiporou] 
Depd. on gf ip&ciffra. 

903. cfirep— aico6cis~\ "If thou art rightly named "i. e. either (1) Z*6r 
(cf. JEacb. Ag. 160, Zctfs, Herts wot* tor iv, c! rtb* aln$ <f>l\ov K*K\i)fi4vq>) f 
or (2) better, as Brunck, Kpardvoov and win* avderffwv. xdrr*J Used 
adverbially, and not depd. directly on av&inrvv, which would require 
wivruv : cf. Trach. 338, roirrwv !x» y&p *&*** lwi<rrf\finv 4y4. 

904. \d$oi] Sc. r&t. 

906. <peivovra — Sua] A climax from the special case, through Apollo 
(who stands for the oracular power in general) to alt religion (ra 0c<a)~ 
This exactly inverts the order of ideas hitherto pursued by the Cho- 
rus. QBtvorra] Proleptic. Aatov] Gen. obj. Schneidewin con- 
jectures that wv06xpn<TTa has fallen out before Aatov. 

907. tyupowrw] —a<pavi(ov(ri Schol. The plural is used to avoid the 
appearance of a too special reference to Jocasta. 

911. Jocasta comes out of the palace, attended (infr. 945), with the 
emblems of supplication (<rrtyi?, cf. 3 supr.) and offerings for the gods. &- 
whctcj] Cf. Ant. 988 ; (Ed. CoL 831 ; 85, 304, supr. : the word marks 
rank, not sovereignty. 

914. fyov yap k.t.A.] pcrcMpffcrai rV y^xV **i frw*ppa\\6$rrws axO*- 
rat Schol. 

916. ra Keuya—rtKfiaiperw] Supr. 707-725. 

917. for*— «f A*yw] Vid. ad 250, supr. rov A^yorrw] C£ Ari- 
stoph. Eq. 860, p^ rod \ryovros fotiu 



OEDIPUS TYRANNUS. 51 

918. Tapaivov<r y ] Gerundial. obtiv 4s w\4ov) Cf. Eur. Hipp. 286, 
is irdvr' bQiiypeu, kov84v ctpycurpai vklov. 

919. A6ku] Vid. ad 203, supr. &yx«rTos~\ The statue and altar 
of Apollo evidently stood before the palace (cf. 16 supr., and the Schol., 
who says, wpb t»v OvpSr y&p ftptrro), therefore she says tufnyfjuu. 

920. Kardpynaffw] Wunder's conj. for jcarftfypaaw, which does not 
occur elsewhere in this sense. 

921. fforyfj] Because the ayytla of (Ed. would be the result of such 
a Xitris. 

922. rov] In the present condition of things, opp. to the change for 
which she prays. 

923. &s Kvfeprfirriv vt&s] 8c. bicvovviy 4icw*T\rryii4vov JBA&wtcs. 

924. Messenger enters from the right hand or country side. 

926. vhr6v\ Emphatic before the verb : opp. to &&imt, as avr6s is 
opp. to <rr4y<u in the following line. 

928. yvrti til pfimp JJ5e] These words seem designed by the poet to 
catch the ears of the audience, and to convey to them, before the sen- 
tence is complete, an intimation of the true position of Jocasta. Yid. 
ad 264, supr. 

930. TavTtXfis'] " Uxor svmma dignitate frucns," Herm.: cf. foBpbs T€- 
Actov, JEoch.. Agam. 972 : 84/ios ^lUTtX-fjs. II. ii. 701 : vp<ni\ua. The 
epithet serves to heighten the contrast between the supposed and the 
real position of the person to whom it is applied. 

934. iyaBdi] The second question only is answered. The promise is 
directly contradicted by the event. 

935. worn] The word seems to mark surprise, with a slight degree of 
incredulity : vid. ad 128 supr. xo^wQ Vulg. Tp6s. 

936. &V] Inserted by Brunck. 

937- AffX'fAA*"] Th* fc must be taken with this verb as well as with 
ffioio : c£ iEsch. Agam. 1049, vc(0oi' to eJ tcLOoi' &*e*0ofop 5* ttr*s. 

938. voiar) Again marks surprise and incredulity : cf. 935 supr. 84- 
rafuv — &i*\7jv] Alluding to ffioi and a<rx&&o<* • d El. 767, faivk piv, 

940. ^o-dfxias] I. e. Corinth. 

942. ?x<0 OpP« *° h*?^* ' 'death is hti master now.' 

943. w&s cZvos ;] Jocasta scarcely believes her ears for joy, and desires 



52 SOPHOCLIS 

the Messenger to speak plainly, and without circumlocution : cf. 957 
infr. : JEech. Agam. 268, vws <p$s ; w^vyc rothros i£ Inrurrlas ; For the 
aor. vid. ad 180 supr. ytpov] The age of the messenger tallies 

with the narrative. 

945. &s rdxos] Cf. 1 154 infr., obtc &s t&x°* Tls ro *& ktroarrptyti %4pas ; 

946. $€&v fttarr€6fiara] The impiety of Jooasta here reaches its cli- 
max, and contrasts strongly with her original cautiousness, supr. 711, 
711. Here, as infr. 953, she does not scruple to throw contempt upon 
a prediction which she acknowledges to be divine. 

947. V] Cf. 953 infr. 

948. fyciryc] Used absolutely : ' ' exwlabat," Schneidewin. 

949. r4;p??] Used like ttfutpfx^vrf, or ireirfw^yri, of natwral death. 
953. rck <r4fxv 3 ] Ironical : vid. ad 556 supr. 

956. ws—6\*\6ra] Vid. ad 848 supr. 

957. <rn/Jffivas ywov] Vulg. <n)fx6*T<»p. Cf. Aj. 588, ph irpo8ovt yfias 
yfv^t DincL 

958. jrpwrw] I. e. before he speaks of the election of (Ed. to the 
kingdom of Corinth. 

960. IvvaXkayy'] Cf. 34 supr. 

963. y§] Gives an affirmative answer to the question implied in the 
words of (Ed., while kuI jc. r. A. assigns an additional cause. <rvju- 
p*Tpo6fx€vos~\ Causal : the Messenger says this by way of consolation. 

964. <p€v <f>€v — ovBtvSs'] Yid. ad 946, supr. 

966. 3>v t><p.~\ Gen. absol. 

967. Ke&tei] Intransitive : cf. Aj. 634, Kpcfoow Tap* "AtS? ictffov 6 
vo<r<op fjtdrav. 

969. cf ti — ifiov] The thought suddenly strikes him that the prediction 
may have been exhausted by a fulfilment short of its obvious meaning. 
Compare the story of the dream of Hippias, referred to ad 981 infr. 

971. 5* oZv] "But at all events/' "however this may be." These par- 
ticles clear away all previous questions ; cf. (Ed. C. 1205 : JSsch. Agam. 

34, 217- 

972. &£«' otocrrfr ] Proleptio. 

976. oitK btcveiv A^x *] The conj. of Dind. for the reading of MSS., 
Alx°' obx oKveiv, commonly corrected \itcrpop ob* bcvtiy* Another 
suggestion of Dind. seems preferable, — tea) *»s rb /Aip-pbs owe bmv fie 



(EDIPUS TYRANNUS. 53 

5« kfyos ; The attention of (Ed. is suddenly arrested by a new subject 
of fear. The anxiety which he shews to remove it is the means of 
manifesting its reality. 

977. f] Bat. commodi : "with whom" as with the whole human race. 
rtyn*] Njot "goodfvrtome" (as the Schol.), but "chance." 

979. livaiTo] For the constr. vid. ad 917 supr. 

980. cfr] Cf. Ant. 376, Is Baift6viov rtpas ajt$ivo& r69e. 

981. woWol ydp «r. t. A.] The poet had probably in his mind the story 
of Hippias (Herodot. vi. 107). We learn firom Plutarch that a personal 
intimacy subsisted between Herodotus and Sophocles, and we find in 
the works of the latter traces of an acquaintance with the former's 
writings : see esp. Ant. 905-919 (cf. Herodot. iii. no), and (Ed. C. 337 
-341 (cf Herodot. ii. 35). Of course the present instance need not be 
referred to the same source. 

982. rat/?] Dreams, auguries, and the like. 

983. wop* otoeV] Cf. Ant. 34, Kcd rb irpayfi fr/civ o&x <& f wa p' ov84v. 

986. Ktl koKus Xeycts] Ktl concedes here, for the sake of argument 
(vid. ad 669 supr.) (Ed. does not admit that she tca\£>s \4yci : supr. 984. 

987. b<p9a\fUs] CI Eur. Andr. 406, eft wais W fy pot haiirbs o^OoA- 
|tos fiiou : JEsch. Pers. 170 ; Cho. 920. 

988. rrjs (fans] Strongly contrasted with irarphs Td^ot, 987. 

989. Tolas 5i tcal~\ Cf. 1129 infr., irotov &Vfya koI \4y€is. 

991. taints] "In her." &ftiv] Vid. ad 436 supr. ipipov] Cf. 

517 supr., §ls QKAfaiP <p4pov. 

995* TijfiavTov — reus ifiau] Emphatic. 

997. if K6piy$os—6.Trtf)Kt7r] I. e. airtpKovv fuucpa* rqs KopivBov. 

998. fbrvx&s] Alluding to his marriage, and election to the sove- 
reignty of Thebes. 

1000. Tety] Sc. rh fuyrjvcu firjrpl, which has been the subject of the 
conversation 976.999. 

1 00 1. warp6s re] An affirmative answer is implied, but the other 
former ground of fear is added, 

1003. 4{cAv<rd7upr] I. e. at once. 

1004. tw — \&0ois] Sc. iK\v<rdfi*vos. 

1005. /col p4r] Echoes the koI fi4\y of the previous line : cf. 548 
supr. rovr* tyiicrfw] C£ (Ed. C. 1291, a 8* ?A0or. 



54 SOPHOCLIS 

1006. c£ wpdtaifd ti] Cf. Trach. 190, ferpf, tww rot wpdros ityyclKas 
rdSt *pks ffov ri tctpMraifu. 

1007. e?fu — 6/wv] For the euphemism, and for the generalizing force 
of the pi., cf. 366 supr., 1184 infr. 

1008. & toT] Vid. ad 943, supr. ; and c£ y*pcu4, 1009. ica\£h] 
=xtba/, Schneidewin. 

101 1. rap&wv] Vulg. rapfiS, ^&fy] Vulg. QtkOoi, which might 
be justified by regarding $c4yfif as a historic present. Bat \dffys (1012) 
requires 4£&0ps, of which it is an epexegesis. Schneidewin, however, 
retains the vulg. rapjS* and 4{Ia.0m, placing a colon at yt, so as to sever 
the connection between the verbs. With 4$. fra^s 9 of. 1182 infr. 

1012. s>rr«w0^rT«f] Vid. ad 1007, supr. 

1014. vpbs tibcris] Gf. El. 121 1, «p£s 6fa)s 7^ 06 mini*. 

1015. fr 7^vci] Cf. infr. 1430, rclis cv v^v«. yap r&yyci^ p&kurf &pav. 
1019. r£ /tyScyf] =ry /itfiafms ftearru 

102 1. MwpdEfcro] =*Mfia(cy 6v mufa, Brunck, 

1022. Aa3^r] Causal, in answer to irrl tov ; 

1023. icfff — X €l p6s] So. \a&&v. tlra after an aor. part, expressed (or, 
as here, implied) marks a sharp antithesis between the part, and the 
following verb. 

1024. ydp] Vid. ad ti8 supr. 

1025. ab 8' jc.t.X.] The real gist of the question lies in the parti- 
ciples, and the answer is given by ebp&v in the next line. 

1030. 8*] Vulg. 7*. Better r% as Herm. ; cf. 1001, supr. : thus 71 
will merely throw emphasis on (Tarrhp: "whatever I was, I saved you" 
rljow] Cf. 1008, supr. The Messenger has a fatherly feeling towards 
the foundling. 

1031. kokois] Vulg. Kcupots. The word amrf\p implies the existence 
of kokA of some sort. 

1032. &p$pa] Supr. 718. This reveals to Jocasta alone (infr. 1058) the 
true state of the case, SchoL 

1035. cnrapydvwv] Ace. to Brunck, the tokens by which a child might 
be identified. 

1036. bs el] I. e. Ofoiwovs, 

1037. *fi* — *vrp6s] Depd. on wropdsihis. Parents ordinarily give the 
names to their children ; and the reference to his name suggests to CEd. 



OEDIPUS TYKANNUS. 55 

the thought of his parents. He hopes to find a clue to this mystery. 
His excitement is marked by £ irpbs 9e£r. 

1039. tvx^v] CI 1025, supr. 

1040. oHk] The answer refers only to obV ahrbs rvx<&r. 

1049. cIV oZv] Yid. ad 90 supr. For the inversion, c£ ^Esch. Agam. 
49I, cIt' ©$v k\riQcis &t oveipArwv Mkt)v — tfws i<p4i\w<r*v fydvas. 

105 1. fakor] 8c. 4yvi-nei¥ aMv, Sehneidewin. * 

1052. KkfJfr€v€s Tp6v$*v] Supr. 765. With marvellous art the same 
person is represented as having witnessed the exposure of (Ed. and the 
death of Laius. 

1055. t6v] Relative : cf. 1379, *4 a 7» m ^ r * &1 Epexegetic : vid. 
ad 217 supr. 

1056. rt V Zrruf efcre] Sc. ipwrQs: of. iBsch. Pr. V. 766, tC 8* oVuv'; 
ov yhp faro* ai/SacrBcu r<£8c. Vulg. rfa 8' ttvriv : cf. 464 supr. Jocasta, 
conscious of the whole truth, parries the question at first ; but when 
(Ed. presses for an answer, openly endeavours to divert him from his 
purpose, 1060-1066. 1056. M$£] Emphasizes fitfunjcrBai. fidrTjy] 
To be taken with fadirra. 

1058. obn — ybos] The self-willed determination of (Ed. brings its 
own punishment. Cf. 1076, 1085, infr. 

106 1. fiXxs vovovo* ty£] Idiomatic : cf. Ant. 547, bpKiaw Qyfyntow? 4y4. 
iy<H] The corr. of Brunck for ty"* 

1062. <r0\ Emphatic : opp. to fyrf. 

1064. ovb* &v] The conj. of Herm. for obtf tw 4k, Subsequently Herm. 
edited 0&8* &v c! or obtf &v *l '*, referring the fo to some opt. understood, 
as in the combinations k&v, and r&x* &v : vid. ad 523, supr. 

1065. rpltovXos] Cf. Eur. Andr. 636, ml rph 9660s irtywcc. (Ed. be- 
lieves the motive of Joe. to be pride, and the fear of disclosing his 
humble origin : cf. 1070, T079 *°& m 

1065. fi^i oh — £icpa0f<ir] Epexegesis of oh* t& TiOolfiyy. 

1067. rh \$<rra] Ironical : echoing the words of Jocasta. The tem- 
per of (Ed. cannot brook opposition. Of. supr. 334 sqq. 

1069. (Ed. turns away from Joe. in indignation, and without replying. 

1072. Joe. abandons the controversy in despair, and retires hastily 
(&cwa, 1074) into the palace. Cf. Ant. 766, 1244 ; Traoh. 813 ; and 
compare the comments of the Chorus in the scenes referred to. 

1076. forola xf>4C«] " What mil" Vid. ad 1059, supr. 



56 SOPHOCLIS 

1082. rrjs] Demonstrative. cvyyevtis] Cf. (Ed. C. 7. Here, 
however, avyy. is used in allusion to firjTp6s* 

1083. jcoi] Disjunctive. 

1084. roi6ali[ Sc. wcus rijs Tfyvh *• T « *• 

1085. AAAos] Opp. to royalty i. e. other than a reus T^xijj. &<rre 
fx4f] " that I should not ;" i. e. ' so as to have a motive for refusing to 
discover my descent/ This expl. is due to Dr. Kennedy 1. c 

1086. A short choral ode in a joyous strain, introduced immediately 
before the catastrophe, in order to heighten its effect. Schneidewin 
compares Aj. 693, Ant. 1 1 15, Trach. 633 sqq. The Chorus is as far as 
(Ed. from guessing the truth, and imagines him to be the progeny of 
a god. cfircp — ftpir] Cf. 500-504, supr. $y&] Emphatic : opp. 
to the Delphic oracle, Tiresias, &c. jjAvtis] Metaphorical : its sense 
is limited by frarck yv&yjav Tbpis. 

1087. Karit yvdbnav ffyus] Either (l) l/ureipos jcarck rV yvd>fxnv 5 ian 
ovv€t6s, Schol. (vid. ad 398, supr.) ; or (2) " ex animi sententia, i. e. 
quantum cupio, intelligent" (Herm.), which is more in accordance with 
usage : cf. Eur. Andr. 737, Stow ti\ tAkc? 0& kotA yv&|M)v faty, *$£«. 

1088. 06 r6y] Vid. ad 660, supr. 

1090. KiBaipwv] Supr. 1026. oinciri rfo Mpa»\ The conj. of Dind. 
for oIk ivy rkv afipiov. 

1091. itav<T*\T)vov} Cf. Ant. 153, 1151. 

1096. itlypa <pipovrd\ Homeric : cf, Horn. II. i. 578, warpi <pl\y 4mtjpa 
4>{pt tv, Dind. 

1097. lrji€~\ Cf. 154, supr. Apollo is here invoked, as being the god 
of the oracles. 

1098. fxaKpaiAvwv] Depd. on rls: the Nymphs. With the common 
reading, however, **toBav&Twv, depd. on 0vy4njf>, 1102. 

1 100. Nfyi^a— Aotfov] The conj. of Dind. for the reading of MSS., 
Uavbs 6pt<r<ri0dra Tpo<nrcAa<r0ci(ra ^ at 7c Qvydrrjp Ao£lov ; where Elmsl. 
added rts before (foydryp. In the vulg. Ao£tov depd. on vpo<rw€\aa$t?aa. 

1 10 1. <r6yc] Cf. Phil. 1 1 17, TArpos 0% 8cup4»w tc£5*, ovSi <rf V€ 8<JXo$ 
l^x* farfc x €t P^ J */"**• >trrfrat] Vid. ad 470, supr. 

1 104. dKvXXdyas] Hermes. 

1 1 10. K&/il] Opp. to city 1 115. (Ed. sees the Herdsman (supr. 756, 
1040) approaching from the right hand. ovvaWd^ayra] Cf 1 130, infr. 

1 11 1. vpdrfita] Addressing the xty** yeptormv : vulg. vpcV/fo. 



OEDIPUS TYRANNTJS. 57 

1H3* fhp<f\ Vid. ad 943, supr. r$He r&vtyt] fcutTiK&s : the Mes- 

senger, who is standing by. Most commonly 98* Avfy) means the speaker : 
but cf. 1 1 28, infr. 

1 115. ad] The Chorus, or rather the Coryphaeus. 

1 117. Aaiov] Supr. 1 040: the possessive genitive, used as a predi- 
cate: cf. infr. 1 122. 

1 1 18. Tiur6s] Strengthened by ctfrcp rts &\\os, but limited by &s po- 
/itbs brfjp : cf. 763, supr., &£tos ykp oV Av^p SotiXos <p4pav 1jp k. t. A. 

1 1 19. <ri — £4vov] Cf. Ant. 441, <ri 5^, <ri t^v ytfowav & w&ov K<(pa. 
1 ill. ovtos — 0\4r»y] Cf. Trach. 402, ovtos, j8A^*£5c. 

1 1 23. odic — rpcupds] A slave bred in the house (oUdWpity) held a more 
respectable position than a bought slave (outcrqs). The Herdsman puts 
this distinction forward, in answer to the somewhat rough address of (Ed. 

1 1 25. t& vAcurra rod fttov] In reply to [Hop ripa ; 1 124. 

1 1 28. tjjM xov] I. e. when tending his flocks on Cithseron, opp. to 
{waAAt^as ri tw, which resumes the sentence, interrupted by the ques- 
tion of the Herdsman, and the reply of (Ed. 

1 1 29. tp&vra] So. o75a. iro7ov — A^ycxs] Cf. 989, supr. The 
Herdsman, who knows the whole truth (vid. ad 758, supr.), already 
shews a disposition to parry the questions which are put to him : cf. 
1144, 1 146, 1 1 51, infr. 

1 131. ovx &rr* «c.t. A.] Cf. 361, ovk &<rr* y e<V«<v yvwrr6w. 

1 1 34. tcdroitifv ^/ios] Cf. Aj. 1273, ov }ivj]]U3vt<t€i% ovk4t* ovftp, Jjvuca 
lpK€wv to6* focis ovtos iyKtK\yfi4povs .... ippfoar' ; top KtBcupwvos 
r6irop'] Depd. on icareixopep or some such verb, for which hr\rja-ia(op 
ic. r. A. is substituted. 

1 1 35. 4 ply] Sc. iTr\n<rla(*v ifxoi. 

1 137. ipicrovpop'] Soon after the beginning of September. 

it 38. xe'M&'a] For the ace. cf. Aesch. Eum. 109, tBvov, &par ovfcvbs 
koiv^v Btwv : Eur. Bacch. 187, &s ov K<Ljxoifx kv ovrt p4kt* oW r\fiipay Btpfff 
Kpor&p yrjp. 

1 140. \4y<» rt tovtwv] Cf. 1475, infr., \4yto rt ; The phrase is directly 
opp. to oMp \4ycip : cf. 1151, infr. 

1 141. ri 8* tart irpbs ri k, t. A.] Vulg. rt 8' lirn ; wpbs rt k. t. A. : with 
which Schneidewin compares supr. 938 : Trach. 339, ri 8* tart ; rov fit 
riipV tyhrrcurot fidfftp ; Phil. 896 : El. 921. Dind. (ed.Oxon. 1836) says, 
" Delevi signum interrogandi quod post tori legebatur. Nam ri idem 



58 SOPHOCLIS 

est quod % ru n This, however, is never the case except in a dependent 
question ; and the passages adduced by Bind, in support of this view 
are either of that kind (as El. 316, &s vvv farovros lorofMt tC <roi ^lAor), 
or may be resolved into double questions, as Tiaeh. 339 : £1. 1 1 76, rt 5' 
ftrxcs &7«f[;] *pbs rl rovr' Wire?? icupcZt; Accordingly the note of in- 
terrogation should be restored after fori. 

1 146. oinc <l$ S\€0poy ;] Cf. 430, supr. oanrltffas foci] Cf. 957, supr. 

ii 50. lvvi*a>v~\ Gerundial. 

1 15 1. \{y*tr—ob$4)'] Yid. ad 1140, supr. 

1 152. vpbs xbpiv\ Cf. Soph. Fragm. 25, vpbs xfyiv re kov £{9, Schnei- 
dewm. Khufav] Similar to, but not identical with the idiomatic 
use of the word supr. 401. There it represents the consequence, and 
here rather the cause, of the action. The temper of (Ed. rises with 
every opposition : cf. 334, 532, 1070, supr. 

1155. *po*XPti( uy ] Sc tooarptyets. 

1 158. r6V] I. e. rh tofofla*. rrivtutov] — rata}0& : cf. J2sch. 

Agam. 996, vpbs cv&kois <ppt<r\v r*\€(r<p6pots Sfaau JcvjcAotf/ucvov ic4ap» 
n 59. Si6\\vfMu] The pros, expressing certainty. 

1 1 60. is rpifids] Cf. Ant. 577, p4 rpifrbs In : Aristoph. Ach. 385, ri 
ravra ffrpifci rcx?<£feis r* Kcd Topl&is rptfids ; 

1 161. wd\ai] To be taken with tlroy. c?iror] Supr. 1157, 

1 162. \a0dv] Sc. (fooxas. 

1 163. ^y fjukv ovk (yaryc] The pronouns are emphatic, and express 
the horror which the Herdsman feels at the supposition implied in 
olntiov. 

1 166. 6\oo\as~\ Yid. ad 11 59, supr. 

1 167. rls — y*wrivAr*v] Constructio adsensum. The Herdsman an- 
swers with intentional ambiguity, asT»v may either depd. ott-ywnj^Twy 
or agree with it. Dind. however (after Doderlein) takes rwy with ytr- 
vrHubruv, and supposes that the Herdsman concedes the paternity of 
Laius, so that the only question remaining is "utrum ex ancilla (fovAot) 
an ex uxore (lyytrffs) partum sit iUud ycwtifid." This view assigns to 
iyycrfts the sense of yrfivtos (which does not belong to it), ignores the 
itxivQv in 1 168, and is inconsistent with Kelvov y4 tm k.t.K., 1171. 

1 169. \4ytw] Epexegesis of ry teivy. 

1 1 70. K&yay iutoUw] CEd. sees the whole truth, but is resolved to 
hear it out. 



(EDIPUS TYBANNUS. 59 

1 171. iicX^c?] The Herdsman endeavours to the last to find an escape 
for (Ed., and will not assert directly that he is the son of Laius. 

1 1 74. d)s vpbs rl XP € ^f] Cf. Ant. 1229, iv r<$ £vjj4°P&S ttcfdd- 
prjs; &s braXdaeufH] Supr. 717-719. 

1 1 75. rXfowv] To be taken closely with rtKovca, from which it de- 
rives its force : cf. MacL, Cho. 620, Nttrov &0a*aTaj rpixbs vocrtpia-vu? 
incpo&otXus *v4ovff & Kw64>fKov tnrvef. y'] Gives an affirmative an- 
swer. 6kv$] Depd. on &i&m*i, understood. Supr. 711 sqq. 

1 1 76. robs TtkArras] Vid. ad 1007, supr. 

1 1 78. 6s] To be taken with hut&vi cf. Eur. Here. Fur. 984, &A? 9* 
#tc?xc T ^{*> &* &/*$} fSwpicw lim}(6 KprprTS', &s At\7f$4vai Sok&v. 

1182. low btf] C£ 107 1, supr. tA — ra^ij] Cf. ion, supr. 

1 183. & <p&s — wpoafiKtyaifu] C£ Ant 808, vivrrw & <p£yyos A«tWoi/- 
(ruv &e\W. CEd. prays for death, but his prayer is fulfilled literally, 
though not according to his intention : Schneidewin. 

1x84. forts] Causal. W$ao>Muir.r.A.] The intimations of Tire- 

sias, 363, 366, 415, and especially 457-460 (4>aWjow"- M ic.t.A.), are at 
length made good. Vid. ad 1007, supr. CEd. retires hastily into the 
palace by the centre door ; and the Messenger and Herdsman quit the 
scene, probably by one of the side doors of the palace. 

1 186. The Cho. takes occasion by this sudden reverse in the fortunes 
of (Ed. to moralize on the uncertainty and mutability of man's state. 
The tone of this ohoral ode contrasts strongly with the last, 1 086-1 109. 
' O generations of men, ye are as nothing : mortal happiness is but a 
shadow. (Edipus achieved the most complete success, and was a tower 
of strength to his adopted country : so that he won great honour as 
sovereign of mighty Thebes. Who is more pitiable now ? He is the 
husband of his father's wife ! All-seeing Time has found thee out at last 
O son of Laius, would I had never set eyes on thee. For I mourn over 
thee in bitter grief : yet wert thou my refuge and protection/ fan] 

Adverbial, to be taken with {/faros, which is the secondary predicate. 

1189* &hp] Vid. ad 499, supr. 

1 1 90. $4p«l Vid. ad 590, supr. 

1 191. roffovTOv] So. fx6vop : cf. Aj. 747, tooxiOtov olBa jcal wap&w frvy- 
X<i>w ' (Ed. CoL 775, Tooarfri) riptyis faorras $iAci* &nrcp Tit rf <ro« 
/tT.X.: Eur. Hipp. 804, too-oOtov ttrfiev : and compare the uqe of tan- 
turn in Latin. ffofcffr] So. cttajpopcau 



60 SOPHOCLIS 

1 194. t6v] Vulg. r6. Tot] Introductory to the yv6pvi, ppOT&v 

ou8£v |taicapC{<0 : vid. ad 549, supr. vapdfeiyp] Secondary predicate. 

1 1 96. ovBtv] The conj. of Herm. for ohH4va* 

1 197. Utrris] Causal. lupdrya*] Herm. for 4icpa,rfi<ras. The change 
from the 2 d to the 3 d pers. may be accounted for by the invocation of 
Zeus which is interposed. irdvr'] Vid. ad 904, supr. 

1 198. Kara fxkv <p6foas] Tmesis. 

1 199. rhv— xm<rwUv] Supr. 35, 130, 391 sqq. 

1200. Bav&ruv] Gen. obj. Cf. 497, supr., cirbcovpos fofaw 6av4- 
tuv. 4/xq x^P?] Because (Ed. came to the country of the Gho. in 
the character of a stranger. 

1 201. dvtVra] Vulg. &W<rrar. For the change from the part, (koto- 
ipOiaas) to the finite verb, vid. ad 42 supr. 

1204. bcowiy'] Epexegesis : cf. (Ed. G. 141, twos pXv op&v, faivbs tk 
kXvciv. 

1205. 4v\ Belongs to focus as well as to icSvois, though it is expressed 
with the latter only: vid. ad 93 supr. With 4v vSvois tyvoucos ( = 4v 
ttSpois &v ko! Ivvolkos avrois), cf. I 7 supr., ahv ynp$ fiapus : CEd. C. 1133. 
With tyvoiKos we must supply fxaWov from the compar. &0\i&r*pot* 

1206. &Maya] Instrumental dative. 

1208. pfyas~] Derives its force from ^pKc<rcv. Xi/x-fjv] Cf. 423, supr. 

1209. a6r6s] The conj. of Brunck, for avr6s. TOiSf) Either (1) 
separated from $, with which it is in appos., and brought near to varpl 
for the sake of the antithesis, tfaAa/xTprrfA? being proleptic, and in appos. 
with both iraiSx and trarpl : or (2) vgutii and warpl both proleptic and in 
appos. with ?, 0a\afiriv6\tp being taken closely with irarpi. 1 would mean 
that (Ed. had the same wife as his father, 2 that he was the husband of 
his mother. Both expl. are given by the Schol. 

1210. 6a\afir)ir6\cf}] To be taken closely with vcaetv. Ttireiy] 
Cf. Eur. Hel. 1093, £ m6rvi\ ^ Zlouriv €v Acm-pois mTv«s,*Hp«, Schneid. 

121 1. fooiecr] Cf. 460, supr. : 1257, 1497, infr. : Ant. 569. 

12 15. r€Kvowra Kal rejcyotf/uciw] That is said of the yd/xos which is 
literally true of (Ed. : cf. 1404, infr. : (Ed. C. 266, rd 7' Ipya fiov irc- 
irovOoV 4<rr\ ftaXXov fj ScSpaK&ra. 

1 2 19. us] To be taken with irepfaAA', which has a superlative force : 
cf. El. 1439, vs 4*-/«s. 

1220. Uucx^y] The conj. of Herm. for tax4wr. 



CEDIFUS TYRANNUS. 61 

1222. icaT€Ko(/iij(ra] Cf 586 supr. : JSsch. Eum. 705, cvBovtwv 0«p 
iyprjyophs <ppo6p7ina yrjs KaQitrraficu. 

1223. Another Messenger enters from the palace by one of its side-doors. 

1227. olfiou — (TTeytiv] Cf ^Esch. Cho. 72, vSpoi re *&ptcs 4k fuas 65o0 
fiaivovTes T&* x € P°f JLV(T V <p6vov KaQalpovres %\ov<rav[X\ n&rrjv. 

1228. KaBapnf] With the dat. cf 492, supr., wpbs brov 5*> Pao-ainp M 
rhv inlBafiou <pdni> fy k. t. A. 8era-^>ai/«] = t<ra t* |tcv k*M*i. (i. e. 
the incestuous marriage) t* 5' (the suicide of Joe. and the self-inflicted 
blindness of (Ed.) avrUa (pauei. 

1230. IjroVra kovk &kopto] = iKotaut kovk aicofoia: cf. (Ed. Col. 240, 
Ip7«v ok6vt«v ttovrts ai&dv, 266, 977. The calamities which the mes- 
senger has to report are thus distinguished from those which had already 
befallen (Ed. 

1231. a! <pavoo>] Cf. 316, supr., tvfla & WAij Avfl $povovrr\ ad- 
Baip€Toi] = Mrra, 

1232. ^ oh] Because the privative verb Acfrm is negatived by oto\ 
1234. 6 fiiv r&xurros tSov \oya>v\ I. e. ffi tori, sc. riernK* k.t. A. : vid. 

ad 412, 449, supr. 

1238. Jty«s] I. e. of her death: cf. EL 762. 

1240. opryij xpvf^rn] Supr. 1073, for' ayplas ftowra A&njs ij yurif. 

1242. Tex*— At'xi?] Cf.Trach. 915 sqq. 

1243. A/^iSetfois] Cf. (Ed. Col. 11 12, wKevpov tyup&Qiov. 

1245. flfoj] To be taken with irdKcu venp6v. 

1246. V £*] The act of (Ed. is attributed to the mrtpiwrrai c£ 1215, 
supr. With the constr. ty 8>v—Xl*oi Schneidewin compares the zeugma 
(Ed. Col. 424, fy vw Ixo*™* Kfaavodporrcu tyw. But the passage before 
us scarcely seems to require such support, as Xlwoi refers to the same 
act as e&voi, so that v<p* &v may be referred to both grammatically : cf. 
1252, infr., ty ov ouk %v k. t. A. 

1247. riiv] Because a rUcrovffa is implied in oTrcpfiara. 

1 248. rots otffiv] Vid. ad 1007 supr. vcuSovpyiaur] Abstract for concrete. 

1249. StirAovs] Not fem. nom. referring to Joe., as Wund., but masc. 
ace. pi., "duplex germs" Herm. : expl. by the following line. 

12 50. tIkvwv] Generalizing: vid. ad 366 supr. 

125 1. xS*«* — far&KkvTat] Hyperbaton. 4k r&itf] Cf. 235 supr., 
&'k t&v6c dpdaa, ravra xph Kkuttv ifiov, 

C 



62 SOPHOCLIS 

1253. iicOcdaaffBcu] "See out." 

1256. yvvcuted r oh yuvaiica] Cf. 12 1 4, supr., Hyafiov ydfiov. &"] In- 
troduces a second description of a person already spoken of: c£ JEach. 
Cho. 189, iAA' o&Se \xi\v viv \ KTavow' eWparo, c|m\ Sc ^TTjp. SivAi}"] 
Cf. T249, supr. Apovpav] Yid. ad 12 11, supr. 

1258. BaifUvwv — fyyvdtv] CfUSsch. Agam, 663, 6t6s rts } obn foBpwros. 

1259. kvfipuv] Vicfi ad 500, supr. 

1260. fafnryrrrov] Cf. 966, supr. 

1261. eVc 8c — K\yOpa] Wund. translates m/lpevw «' cardines," and k\tj- 
pa "postes," without any authority. Schneidewin takes KkrjQpa of the 

doors themselves (cf. 1287, Stofyciv K\jj6pa, 1 295, infr.), and vvOficvwv of 
the door-posts, regarding icoiKa as proleptic. K\$0pa are properly the 
bolts (pi. because the doors were double), which slid into sockets (xvOfU- 
vts) in the threshold. If we may take Koi\a to mean "bending," the 
difficulty vanishes. 

1263. ou Mi fc.r.\.] Cf. Ant. 1220, sqq. 

1267. &] I n apodo&i, common after hrel : cf. iEsch. Agam. 198 sqq., 
#*ircl 8c Kod k. t. \. . . &va$ 8' 6 irptffl&vs r6b* cTire tpwvujy. 

1269. wcp<Ws] Cf. Herodot. v. 87, 88. 

1271. tyoirro] Sc. of k6k\oi. Dind. explains or eVcw-xey/'quum ma- 
trem inscius uxorem duceret," and foot' &pa, "quum patrem inscius 
occideret," an interpretation which is irreconcileable with his reading 
<tyoijro. For this Wunder, Schneidewin, Linwood, and others adopt 
IfycuvTo, the conj. of Herm. But the form is a very rare one, although 
supported by Pind. Fragm. lviii. 11, %v6a tckoi<j> ttoalpov cV6\|f<vro y4v- 
vay : S. Luke xiii. 28, brew 6t|n)<r0c 'AjSpa&p teal 'laddie k. t. A. Certainly 
the context seems to require a past tense, so as to make obtc — xcucd the 
ground of what follows. Taken thus, oV fir. and faro? tZpa are probably 
as expl. by Dind. With tvaax iv Schneidewin compares (Ed. C. 525, 
«roic$ fi* *to$ ir6\is o68c? 1Zpu> yd/j.a>v btoqaw Jfrrqu The two clauses ohic — 
Ktucd and eV rodr? — yvaxxoiaro are thus grammatically coordinate, al- 
though logically the former is subordinate to the latter. 

1273. 4v <rtc6rcf] I. e. not at all : cf. 419, supr., pXfrrovra vvv i&v 6pff 9 
ftrctra 8c tncdVoy. ots n^v — yvwaoiaro'] Just what they had done 

before, viz. looked upon children whom they ought never to have seen 
(with oi/K &c< cf. 1184, supr., <pvs r* hp $>v ov xtf v )> &nd failed to re- 



CEDIPUS TYRANNUS. 63 

cognise those whom they ought, i. e. Laius and Jocasta. This, says 
(Ed. with bitter irony, they shall do henceforth in the dark, if at all. 

1274. ov] To be taken closely with yvaxrolaro. 

1275. iroWdtcis — &wa£] Belongs to 1jpaoro>, Wund. 

1276. bcalpwv] Gf. 1270, supr., Upas. 

1278. <rray6vas] The important word : the blood did not How guttatim. 
12 79* X^*^ f — alparovao'] The conj.of Porson for xa^C 7 ?* c&paros. 
Herm. reads x a ^Cvs alpdrwv : Wund. goA^s alparovs : Linwood x«- 
\dfys alparSs r\ which he expl. by a hendiadys (cf. 470, supr., *vp\ teal 
ffTcpovcus), and which has the merit of involving the least violent change. 
1280. Dind. has ejected two verses as spurious : 
rdtf 4k tivoiv tpptuyev oh fi6vov frcurcf, 
&AV avhp\ teal yvvautl <rvfj.fxiyTJ tcatcd. 
Porson reads obx &bs fi6vov : Schneidewin oh p.6vtp kok& : Elmsley ejects 
1281 : Hermann strikes out oh (x6vov—yvvatKU leaving a single line : 

rdsb* 4k Zvotv tppwyt avfifxiyfi noted. 
Some such summary of the foregoing narrative is needed before 1282. 

1282. 8*] Hyperbaton. 

1283. tiKalws] Yid. ad 1158, supr. vvv — av6v] Cf. Ant. 4-6. 

1286. T^»]*iro/aj Dind., Schneidewin. Elmsley, Linwood, and others 
have tivi. 

1287. K\f}dpa] Vid. ad 1 26 1, supr. 
1289. rov ni)Tp6s] Aposiopesis. 

1 29 1. ipatos &s iipdaaro] Supr. 249-251. 

1294. 5«/{«<] Either (1) with (Ed. as the subj.; or (2) impersonally, 
of. Aristoph. Bans 1261, Sel^cx 5^ rdx<x. -Probably the former. koI 
trot] Opp. to ifiol. 

1295. otov — bcoiK'laat] Cf. Aj. 923, olos ttiv olus fx €lf » ** KQ ^ <iro P' 
ixfyoh &£ios 6p4)vwv rvx*tr> Schneidewin. 

1297. The central doors of the palace are thrown open, and (Ed. 
comes on the stage. 

1299. wpo<r4icvpq > '] With the ace. : elsewhere with dat. 

1300. rls 6 mfi'fiffas'] Sc. tori. /ieffoya] Sc. mfiiiiuera. Cf. 263, 
supr., vvv V is rb kcIvov Kpaff cW|Xa0* % rixv ' 131 *» hifr. 

1303. Dind. has struck out the words <ptv <p<-v, Mar euros (for which 
Woreu^ is commonly read) before &KK* ohtf itritiuv. 

C % 



64 S0PH0CL1S 

1304. ovF] Emphasizes itriZtiv. 

1309. iroiyas ic.t. A..] Cf. Eur. Hec. 1 056 sqq. 

1 3 10. <pdoyyd] (Ed., unaccustomed to his situation, is startled at the 
sound of his own voice borne into space. 5*air^roTeu] This word is 
probably corrupt, and is accordingly omitted by Herm. and others. 

13 12. & Jet^ic.T.A.] In reply to V itfteov; 

1313. & — 4ft6v] Cf. Aj. 394, iw vk6tqs 9 4fthv <pdos. Throughout the 
following Commos the lamentations of (Ed. have nearly the character of 
a soliloquy. It is not until 132 1 that he manifests any consciousness 
of the presence of the Chorus, and only at 1329 that he directly an- 
swers them. From 1369 his tone becomes more calm, and the metre 
changes accordingly, 

1 3 14. kpaTov] To be taken closely with imxXtfi&'ov. 

1315* *BdpaTov—6»] Epexegesis of iinwKdfuvov faparov. tvaot- 

purrov] Not, as the Schol., tpov ^ %x ov > nor, as Branck, "incurable;" 
but "vento saviter sectmdo advectum," Ellendt: "driven by a fatally 
favourable wind" Liddell and Scott sub voc. A kind of oxymoron. 

1 318. Kivrpoov] Supr. 1269. 

1320. StirAa ae ircpfeu'] Referring to 1316, 13 17. SixXa — ica*c<£] 
Referring to 13 18. Qoptlv] Bind, and others suggest <p4pcty. 

132 1. lb <pl\os k.t. A.] Cf. Aj. 340. 

1323. rbv -Tv<p\6v] For the use of the art., cf. (Ed. C. 21, ni9i(4 
vint fie ko\ <pv\aa<rc tov tv<J>X6v. /crjSetW] Linwood, on metrical 

grounds, conjectures jctfefiwy : in that case pc depd. on {ncopivus, cf. (Ed. 
C. 339. 

1326. yi\ Emphasizes tV <*fy« 

1328. roiavrd] Cogn. ace. 

1329. "Av6\\vy k, r. A.] For the first time (Ed. directly answers the 
Chorus. The words of Tiresias (supr. 377) rise to his recollection. 

1331* $'] Opposes the cAr6x^p to 'AirrfAAw, the ultimate cause of his 
misfortunes. aMxcip] Vid. ad 107 supr. otiris] I. e. &Wos. 

1335. flry] Causal ; therefore pifiiv. The sentiment is expanded in 
the next speech of (Ed., 1369 sqq. 

1337. ri 5^t' — rfiovq,] A kind of zeugma, as anofciv rfiovj, (=pt<? V$°' 
vrjs) is properly an epexegesis of vpoa^yopoy alone : something similar 
should be supplied with ^\trr6y and orepjerrfj'. ri 5t)t' ifiol ^hirrov is 



(EDTPUS TYRANNUS. 65 

virtually a repetition of Hry—yXvict, 1 335 ; " Ay, what indeed 1" rt is 
ace., depending on the verbal adjectives. 

1340. lKr6viov\ Cf. 166 supr. While the horror of the discovery, 
and the remembrance of his own imprecations, (supr. 234 sqq.), are 
still fresh in his mind, (Ed. desires to be driven from the country : 
cf. 1409 — 1 41 4 infr. : (Ed. C. 766 sqq., br 9 Ijv fiot ripfyis iiarcafiv 

1343. fc*9po*] So Turnebus : all the MSS. have 6k40ptov, and some 
have /xfya : hence Erfdrdt conjectured rhv \nirf hXiOpiov, and is followed 
by Schneidewin. rhv faeBpov fityav, the conj. of Elmsley is adopted 
by Herm., Bind., and Lin wood, of whom the first two defend the pe- 
culiar collocation, by explaining the words as « rhv 6\e0pov fi4yav 6vra, 
6\. ft(y. being taken as the pred. of ivra : cf. Aristoph. Thesm. 394, 
tcIs fity' avipdtrtv kcuc6v, an example which is due to Mr. Blayds. 

1347. rod w5]=tt}s awirevst Schol. : alluding to the victory of (Ed. 
over the Sphinx, (cf. 380 supr.), which was the occasion of his mis- 
fortunes. 

1348. &s — wore] For &s V ^0. i*hb* avayvSvcu tot* &v, Dobree con- 
jectured &s (r* i}$. nifiapk yv&val *or &v. Cf. 11 16 supr. 

1350. voftdtf] The conj. of Elmsley for vopdBos, ("eating,* 9 according 
to Linw.) : vofidtf is expl. by Herm., Dind., Wund., Schneidewin, Ac. 
'exposed h vofxa&ialois rfaou' (from a gloss) : cf. 1026 supr. 

1 35 1 . fyirro] Epic form, = 4pp6aaro. 
1355- ft Vul g- fa' d n*3 rap*- 

1358. 1j\0ov] " Prodiittem," Linwood : cf. 15 19 infr., aX\k tools y* 

%x9 iffro * ?*•»• 

1359. S?] Vid. ad 1007 supr.: cf. 1361. 

1360. &0tos] The conj. of Elmsley for &9\u>s. 

136 1. 6fxo\(x^s] The conj. of Meineke for Sfioy^yfis. Linwood, who 
retains the vulg., explains it after Herm., as«d/tufcnropos, 460 supr. 

1365. frparpfcepov — kok6v\ Cf. Mach. Cho. 63 1, kcuc&v 5^ irp€<rpeucTat 
rh AiifUfiov \6y<p. 

1367. fcpfWwv] For the constr., cf. Aj. 635, KptCarovav Tap* "Ai&et 
icrffov 6 vwr&v fjidntv. With the imperf. foBa without &v, compare 
the use of XW*» 

1369. &s fib k. t.X.] A direct reply to the objection of the Cho. ; 



66 SOPHOCLIS 

but the entire speech is an expansion of thoughts already vented in the 
Commos: cf. Aj. 430 sqq. 

1 371. 6f*fMffiv ifoiois] Cf. 1385 infr. 

1374. Kpctcrffov] Cf. iEsch. Agam. 1376, fyos Kpctarov iKmjMifia- 
ros. byxtrys] Cf. Eur. Heracl. 246, koI t6V ayxtrn* WAoy : Ari- 
stoph. Ach. 125, ravra $rjr' ovk hyxbrt) ', ilpywrpitva] In the pass, 
sign., as supr. 1369. Notanda rarior hujus verbi structura cum dativo 
pro accusative*, ut apud Arist. Vesp. 1350, xo\Xo7s yap ^5ij x^ T ^P 0ls a ^ T * 
cipydffw : Dind. It is true that ipy&Xopuu in the act. sign, frequently 
takes a dupl. ace. (especially in the sense of doing one a mischief), and, 
on the analogy of other verbs which require a dupl. ace. with the act., 
might be expected to take an ace. with the pass. But the ace. with 
pass, in such cases is always the ace. rei ; whereas in this place oh 
(which is simply the dat. incommodi) expresses the persons. 

1375. iAA'J Introducing an objection to be answered. Brjr*] 
Slightly ironical. 

1376. QKatrrovo* 8w«$ fjSAcurre] A kind of euphemism: cf. (Ed. C. 
273, ht6finv Xp* Ik6isltiv : 336, do* otrrfy cttri. For fi\a<rrovir t we should 
have expected &\curr6vT»v : vid. ad 1215, supr. 

1377. roh — wpBdkfioii] Instrumental. 

1379. t«v] Vid. ad 200 supr. 

1380. avhp efs] Strengthens the superlative KdWurra rpoKptls, cf. Aj. 
1340, W £vSp' IBeiy dpurrov 'Apytfov. 

1 38 1. airrbs — bravras] Parenthetic: supr. 236 sqq. 

1382. rby for€0>), r6v k. t. A.] In app. with 4/uun6v. 

1383. koI — Aatov] A climax. 

1385. 6p9o7s — o/ti/i.] Cf. 528 supr. rofoovs] The people of Thebes, 
represented by the spectators : vid. ad 216 supr. 

1386. ?r'] I. e. in addition to the deprivation of sight. 

1389. W J J The particles &s t #*w, Xva, 6<ppa, are found without fr, 
with the hist, tenses of the indie, to express the consequences which 
would have happened from some hypothetical action, whicfar has not 
taken place : "so should I have been:" cf. 1392 infr. : iEsch. Prom. V. 
152, €« ydp n' fab yyv.. .. e<y factparrov Tdprapoy $kw.. ..&% p^rt Ocbs 
M^t« ns &Wos roltrh* circyfyki : 753, rl Jjjt* ipol ft? ic4p8os, &AA' oOk hr 
rdxci tppuV 4/uoutV *. t. A Smof r&v vdvruv v6vu>v din)XXd'yi|v. 



(EDIPUS TYKANNUS. 67 

1391. icb KiOeupdv k. t. A.] (Ed. mourns over his whole life, divided 
into four periods, each being introduced by an apostrophe : his exposure 
on CithaBron (t& KiBaipdv) ; his bringing up at Corinth (3 n6\vfif k. t. A. 
1394) ; his conflict with Laius (5 rpets k. t. A. 1398) ; and his marriage 
(u> ydfioi ydfioi, 1 403). 

1392. &s £fcf£a] Yid. ad 1389. 

1395. \6ytf)'] To be taken with icdrpia, 

1396. icdWos] Proleptic : abstr. for concrete. kokwv] Depd. 
on ffirovAo?. ffirovKop) Used properly of a wound healed over, 
but festering beneath, and metaphorically of any thing specious, but 
unsound : cf. Time. viii. 64, rV avb ruv 'KQuvaUnv wrovXov avTovopCav 
oh vporifi'/i<ravr€s, 

1397. Kcucbs — kcuc&v] Explains Kd\\os ko.k<Sov focovkov, Ik kojcuv (cf. 
1360 supr., kvoaioiv fc vats) refers chiefly to Joe, who shared his invo- 
luntary guilt. But kokSs re jc&jc Kcucuy (opp. to cvyertis k4{ cvycvuv, 
Phil. 874) may also refer to the fears ascribed by CEd. to Joe, supr. 
1079 *!• : °£ Aristoph. Eq. 185, 4k irovqp&v : 218, yiyovas kgmc&s. 

1398. & rp€ts — 68ois] Supr. 716. 

1 400. rovfi6v\ Not for rohfiov, as Dind., but because his father's 
blood was his own: rovpbv af/ta is brought forward, and sharply con- 
trasted with toiv 4fi. %'■> an d then varp6s is added for expl. 

1 401. 8ti] Pleonastic : cf. Ant. 2, Z.p oltrff 5n Zeta t»j/ air* OIMtcou 
kclkwv oiroiov ovx\" .. T€Aei ; 

1402. of* — aZOis] Cf. El. 751, oV ipya fydVa? ola \ayxdvei Kcucd: Aj. 
537, otos 4£ oXov Wpd^-qs. Updo-as"] The murder of Laius, opp. to 
c-npeurvou, his marriage : cf. 1272 supr. vpiv] Dat. incommodi, as 
1373 supr. tyav generally takes a dupl. ace. ; but the rpus kcKcvOoi 
k. r. A. were not the immediate objects of his act. 

1403. Zi ydfxot] Explains faoV tvpeurcov. 

1404. tyfoatf — ipwefoavTcs'] Cf. 1190 supr., foKtTy ical Bo^avr* axo- 
K\?ycu. 

1405. %uvt6v] Schneidewin reads rob/x6v : weak. 

1406. Tdrepas k.t. A.] For the accumulation, cf. 1284 supr. The pi. 
generalizes, as usual (366 supr.) as none but (Ed. and Joe. are spoken of. 

1409. oAA* — yap] Assigning a reason for breaking off. ftqfc'] 

Opposes oMw to Spay. 



68 SOPHOCLIS 

1 410. tiiroos t&x* — $n] Cf. 1340 supr., 1436 infr. OaXia-ffiov] Pro- 

Ieptic : cf. 166 supr., tyforaT* fcTomav <p\6ya : 1 340 supr., itirdytr* iicrSwiow. 

141 2. ft^jror*] With the flit., on account of the foregoing imperatives : 
cf. 1427, 1437 infr. 

14 13. ct£t<£<rar* — 9iye?v] Misfortune was thought to be contagious: 
cf. (Ed. Col. 1 131, way a* olv &0\ios yey&s Qiytiv 0eA/;<ratft' fa&phs, f rls 
ouk ivl K7)\h kokwv faoiKos ; (Ed. assures the Cho. that his calamity is 
too great to be communicable. 

1 416. S>v 1-kcutus) Depd. on Mov. Supr. 1410-1415. Creon enters, 
probably attended, from the city side. is 94qv] Cf. Ant. 386, W 
4k b6fjMV tyoppos els 8&v wtpa. 

141 7. rb—$ov\*fcw] Epexegesis of is Mov. 

14 1 8. fwwos] The sons of (Ed., Eteocles and Polynices, being still 
minors. 

1420. t* ybp *dpos] Supr. 532-677. The conscience of (Ed. re- 
proaches him. 

1422. o\>x — Keuc&y] In relation to the last words of (Ed., Creon as- 
sures him that past disputes are forgotten. 

1424. &AA' et *.t. A.] Addressed to the Chorus. 

1426. td&€?(rOc] The verb takes an ace. of that towards which rever- 
ence is felt, or an inf. of the act from which it deters : the constructions 
are here combined. 

1427. fifac] Vid. ad 1412., supr. 

1430. iv y4»ei\ Cf. 1016 supr. lidkurdf] With efoc&vs ?x € '« 

1 43 1. ii6vois r* 6,kqI*lv] Hyperbaton, = &«otW t« fi6vois. 

1422. 4\wl$os] In the indifferent sense: "expectation:" cf. 771 supr. : 
Aj. 606, Koucdv c\ir(8' tx* v : 1381, irdvr* t%u <? tiraivfotu \6youn, K*i fi 
tycvous iXiritios vo\6. 

1433. K&Ki<rrov\ Cf. 1397 supr. 

1434. *pbs <rov] The emphatic words. 
1438. fntyov k. r. A.] Cf. supr. 1410 sqq. 

1437. pifi&o* wpwrhyopos] Cf. 238 supr. • 

1438. t&pat? — W &] Bind, and others ezpl. t&pcu? ftv (eZ rovr* taff), 
ISpao-' &v — : rather perhaps ftpao* &v, — tl rovr* Xa$t \i to Spdomrra, 
making rovr* depd., not on Tcrtf, but on Sptkrwra. 

1440. (ftdris] Supr. 10a 



(EDIPUS TYRANNUS. 69 

1442. tr'^-xptl**] Cf* Trach. 1145, of/101, <ppova to) Jv|juJ>opas tv' 
ttrraiiev. 

1444. bvbphs hB\iov\ (Ed. is now thoroughly humbled : cf. 1421,1433, 
supr. 

1445. * a G "Even you, now:" alluding to the previous incredulity of 
(Ed. (supr. 964 sqq.) It is not a reproach, (cf. 1423 supr.), but an ex- 
pression of religious feeling. 

1446. Kai] Opposes ool to the a6 of the last verae. Wund., however, 
suspects the verse. y] Concedit (Edipus Creonti deo fidem esse 
habendam. : Dind. 

1447. TTjs ficy] Opp. to ifwv 9 1449. The substance of the hruriefrirru 
re Kal irporp. is introduced without any connective particle: cf. 412, 
449, 1235, supr. (Ed. will not utter the name of Jocasta. 

1448. t»v ye c&v] Generalizing : vid. ad 366, supr. reA€<s] 
Future. 

1449. pfavr* &Zi(ofrfp-a>] The aor. imperative with pA\ is rare : cf. Aj. 
1180, p?}$l <r« Kivri<rdrw ris : 1334, M? $ fita <r* pajbaftMS viienffdru. 

1451. tvOa jrAjfffroi] Of. Trach. 639, M 'EAAcfvw*' iyopai Tlv\dnt*s 
kAIovtoi. 

1452. KtBatpcev] The mention of Cith. recals the words of Tir., supr. 
421. 

1453. (&pti — rd<pov] Antithesis. 

1454. %v y — $duco] DepcL on valeiv. (Ed. desires to fulfil his parents' 
wish. kw*\Abniv] Vid. ad 555 supr. 

1455. *afrot] (Ed. checks himself by a reflexion of another kind. hv 
— w4p<rat] Potential. 

1457. M«rH "At the point of death," (cf.iEsch. Agam. 803, Bpdtros 
btcofotov bvty&o'i OWjcncown tconlfav) : i. e. at the time of his exposure. 
/*V| = €? fifi : cf. Aj. 950, ofa &v rdV ftm* tJ&c fi^i 0e«y (Ura. 

1458. foronrcp tto> tret] C£ 1376 supr. 

1459. iraiSwv 94] Opp. to ^ |Uv vhu*v /*.» and divided into r&v |Uv hp<f., 
and rcuv h* — tfxauv, 1463. 

1460. irpo9$] The oonj. of Elmsley for *po<r9jj, retained by Herm., 
Linw., Schneidewin. Avtyfs — 0fou] Parenthetic. 

1462. rob V — 4u&] Depd. on either (1) vpwrOev /dpipvay, under- 
stood out of 1460, (Elmsley, Wund., linw., Schneidewin); or (2) on 



70 SOPHOCLIS 

HcXeirOai, 1466, (inf. for imperative), alv before p&k. being a mere repe- 
tition, after the long parenthesis, Dind. The latter is probably right. 

1463. atv] Dativus commodi. fiopas] Depd. either (1) on x°>ph 

(Dind.), which is scarcely consistent with tfvcu — totip6s, or (2) on rpdvc( * 
(Schneidewin compares t<JA/aijs irpAranrov, 533 supr.) x w P^ being use d 
absolutely, and expl. by &vcv — av$p6s : 2 is decidedly preferable. 

1466. pdKurra pfa] Generally opp. to el $h ph, so that it means here, 
"if possible." 

1469. Oiytiov] Conditional. 

147 1. rl<fyrifii;] Antigone and Ismene are brought from the palace 
by a side door. They are here represented as mere children, (cf. 151 1 
infr.), so that we must conceive of a considerable interval as elapsing 
between the close of this play and the opening of (Ed Col. 

1472. roiv — tpl\oiy] The dual masc. is often used for the fern. : cf. 
Col. 1676, iS6Vrc koI vadofoa: Ant. 561, t& vcutie tfnjfu t<&8c, tV n*v 

K. T. A. 

1475. *h w T4 d ^*d. *d 1 140 supr. 

M-77* *J <? *lx €V *<&>«] " Which (i. e. a similar pleasure to which) 
used to possess thee formerly" (Dind., Erf., Linw.) The var. lect. %v 
eTx«r would come to the same thing. Wund. reads % o> ex 6 ' *^«m> 
" the pleasure which has long had possession of thee" i. e. in the form of 
hope. Herm. approves of this reading, but takes vdkcu with yvofa, 
which involves an awkward hyperbaton. 

1478. oU' ewTvxofo?*] Cf. uSEsch. Cho. 1063, AXX* cvnixo(i)S, koC a' 
ivoirrcfaov Tp6<ppa>v 0€^s ^vAdwrob Koupioiffi avfxcpopaXs. 68ov] I. e. 

the coming of Ant. and Ism. For the gen., cf. (Ed. C. 1505, koI <roi 
$cwv rfycnv rts icrOAfy rye? iQnttt ri\s 0801). 

1 48 1. &s] With ace. = cts or xp6s, (a sign, arising from the use of ws 
with a prep, to mark purpose), but generally where the terminus ad quern 
is a person. This is only an apparent exception, as rhs aB. x*P*s vir- 
tually *=4p4 : cf. Trach. 365, fact 84/ioi/s &s roMe, i. e. its v/m$. ras 
ipts] Epexegesis of rks &8. rdo-fa. 

1482. at -~&npard\ -Kpo^vilv is to supply, minister, (cf. (Ed. Col. 466, 
&s vvv *ay tcXoQvto irpo(tvct : Trach. 726, farb, %tks jco2 Opdaos n 
*rpo£cvct), and so, here, to bring it about for one (^€tpydaavro f atnoi 
tyivQvro, Schol. rec.) : fytfr, then, in any case, depends upon icpov^., and 



OEDIPUS TYRANNUS. 71 

is not a mere dat. incommodi. The subj. of hpav is either (i) vfxas, 6u- 
liar a being the obj., and 55' (sc. tvra) the secondary predicate, {( as they 
are" (Schneidewin, Dind.) : or (2) 0/4/utra, &t' Spay, being ironical, (« 
rv<f>\6rr€w f Schol. rec.), cf. 1273 wipr. ; Phil. 856 sqq., ba^p b* &v6|&- 
paTOS. . .. iicrfoarcu n$x*o$,.- .. &AA' &s ris a* 'AtSq, irapaKcf/icwu op£ : so 
Linw. The o#6' op&v of the next line makes 2 preferable. 

1483. 5s] Refers to iytio implied, not in iuas 148 1, (as Dind., Schnei- 
dewin), but in rod 0vr. irarp6s, which is echoed by -rrar^p 4<pdv9i]y > as 
58 s Spay is by oM' 6pwv. 

1484. Spay] Alludes to 55 1 ^pav, but is figurative, (cf. 413 supr., <rv 
kol\ S&opicas kovx $P$J V «J kokou k. t. A.) : o09* ttrropvv is added in order 
to limit its signification. 

1 485. fy€ey] = 4Ku9€}> ivBtv. ijpSBrjy] Yid. ad 121 1 sup.: cf. 
1497 infr. 

i486. trpo<r&\4ireiv — <r6iv(u] Parenthetic. The eyes manifest the feel- 
ings : Wund. compares Eur. Phoen. 1440. 
1489. Tolas'] I. e. ofrrtvas. 
1 49 1. Trjs] Because Otwpla is implied in ioprds. 

1493. rls — t<rrai\ Sc. Harts ArtyeTcu, but the constr. is interrupted. 
irapapptyei] Generally with ace. rei ; here intrans. 

1494. wefti?] Abstr. for concr. Xafx&dvwv] Gerundial. 

1495. yovtvaiv] Especially Joe. : cf 366 supr., 1498 infr., 4k rtbv 
fawy. (r<p<py~\ Gen. (sc. yovevaur) coupled with ipois by 0\ 

1496. rt— ittyv] Expl. of ovei&n. 

1497. jpocrev — Iffx&prj] Vid. ad 121 1 supr. 

1498. r&v foo»y] = r£y abrw. Cf. 425 supr. 

1500. bv€ili*L(r&~\ Fut. med. in pass. sign. k? t «] Adversative. 

1505. 6\do\afxik] One literally, and the other virtually. W 6rrt\ 

Opp. to fi6vos t 1503. wepit&ps] The conj. of Dawes for irapitys: 



1506. iicyevus] The conj. of Wund. for iyywus (=irpo<niKofoas <rot 
Kara ybos 9 Schol. rec. : of. 1 168 supr.), which seems out of place be- 
tween irra>X'> aydv$. y and the part. a\wfi4vas 9 with which they are closely 
connected. But Erfurdt defends the collocation by Eur. Heracl. 224 
sqq., col yap rfo* al(rxp6v.. .. Uciras a\-frras, (tvyycvcis (otuot kok&v 0\4- 
\poy vpbs avrovs, &\tyoy,) c\itccr$aA fila. iKycyth does not occur else* 



n SOPHOCLIS 

where : as to the sign., Dind. says, " iicytveis kk&p&vai autem puellre 
dicuntur quae peregrine in terra oberrant cognatornm presidio desti- 
tute, quales Anglice v/n/protected females dicimus"(!). He compares 
Trach. 299, rabras Spdbcrp Svo-irlrpovs ivl £4rris %&pas doCxovs dirdTOpAg 
r* k\vfx4vas. The alteration seems needless. aXa/icvas] vepiapav is 

followed by a part., on the analogy of 6pav. 

1507. i£ur&<rris'] Cf. 425 supr. 

1508. 58«] With ir&vTuv ip^fiovs. Ti/Awttfotf] " Tarn tenera 
cetate puellas." Dind. 

1 5 10. 0$ — X € pQ & £&&' C. 1632, 86s not xcp^s <rfjs irumv kpxaiav. 

1511. €<x^y] Att. form, of 2 dual imperf. : cf. Eur. Ale. 661, x&P lv 
TOidvfe koI &b XV rtKovc* TjXXof Anjv. 

15 12. Tjtfxflw i*.6vov\ The conj. of Dind. for €#xe<r0l fioi, which seems 
inconsistent with ci—Qphas : for the form, he compares Trach. 610, 
ofkcD yh.p t)i$Y|AT|V : Plat. Phaedr. p. 279 C, ifioi fiiv yap fierptws ijoVreu. 
Schneidewin reads ttix*^ fy ^ *° which he refers ofi-^-(rjv f (cf. 1415 
supr.), and opposes vfxas, 1514. 

15 13. i§] Dind. for del : itj, is a monosyllable, as fo, 1451 supr. 

1 5 15. &\is V] Cf. Horn Od. ii. 312, ^ oi>x &Xis &s to irdpoiBw iicelptrc 
iroAA& icol £o-0A& KT-fifxar iftd ; tatcpfav] Supr. 1467. aAA' — 

ftra] Cf. 1424 — 1 43 1 supr. 

1517. ty ofs] "Qua %e;" i. e. yrjs — foroucop, 15 18. Ac£ck — 
kAjW] Cf. iEech. Sept. 263, \4yois fo> &* rdxurra ical tot* efooptu : Eum. 
420, fi&Ooifi &v, €i Alyot tij 4u4>api) \6yov. 

1518. 77)$ k. t. A.] Supr. 1340 sqq., 14 To sqq., 1436 sq. 

1 5 19. &AA& dtoTs k.t.A.] Creon had referred to the gods : (Ed. replies 
that the gods hate him, and would therefore sanction his banishment. 

1520. & — /itf/njy] Cf. 569 supr., 4<f>* oh yap fty (ppovS> atyav <pi\£. 
1524. a vdrpas k.t.A.] The Cho. addresses the spectators in their 

character as Theban citizens : vid. ad 2 16 supr. The verses are assigned 
to (Ed. by the Schol. 

1526. &Vt<s — MfiXcinop] If the reading of MSS. is to be retained, 
we must conceive that after the relative clause hs — avt\p, the poet re- 
peated the subj. of ixfavOcr, writing oVtij, as if OlUirovv TdV8« had pre- 
ceded. So apparently Dind., who seems to take (fay *o\ir&r (ft*<p 

itrumental dat., and vokir&v gen. obj.), and t^x«« irifixhruv as co- 



CEDIPUS TYRANNUS. 73 

ordinate clauses connected by koI. Erfiirdt explains $Ay (d Aj. 503, oYas 
\arpcias avff Scrov £*f|\ov rpttpci) ko\ t^xoas by hendiadys, = (ijhoorats r-6- 
X*is, both depd. on iirtfSKciruv. Various emend, have been proposed, as 
ov ris oh (r)K&v vohirov Kal r{>xcus 4wt&\4irw, (Herm.) : ov rls oh (fa<? 
•xoXn&v rrjs tvx^s Mfacvtv ; (Musgrave) : o5 rls oh (fjKtp voKitwv rats 
rvx<us M&\ar*v; (Hartung). 

1528. fi<TT€ — 6\fM(siv] With the vulg., imo-KSrovvra itetv ("expectwn- 
tem ut videat" Erfiirdt) is in appos. with OvTjrhv lvr\ — Ueirriv r^v rc\. 
rifiipav depd. on lltciv, — and fiore oXfilfav depd. either on Ae&rerer' 1524, 
or ixfavdev. But it is doubtful whether Ittutk. can bear the meaning 
assigned to it. For fte??, &ei has been suggested, as a smaller change 
than xptvvy and idiomatic. In this case, iKclrqv rfyv t€\. rjfx. will depd. 
on 4iruTK<nrovvTaj and iirurK. will agree with the subj. of oXfilfciv, and 
the force of ftei will virtually extend to imcric. (=^5et iic. r. r. fi/i. iiri- 
cKoireiv Kal ^i]Uv 6\fi, Bv. 6vra). The sentiment is common. Cf. Trach. 
I sqq., \6yos fiev tar* apxouos av6p&vo»v <pavcls f us ovk ov alu>v "AKfjJjdois 
ftpor&v irplv av Odvf) ris : the \6yos apxcuos is probably that of Solon, re- 
corded by Herodotus (whose influence upon Soph, has been elsewhere 
noticed : vid. ad 981 supr.) i. 32, cncovkip XP^I *wrfcj irpdy/xaros r)jv 
T€AeurV k$ avofMiacTou The oicoir&iv tV TfXcvnqv of the historian 
may have suggested the &mricoirovvTa tV TcXevraCav fifitpav of the poet. 
Cf. Eur. Androm. 202 : Arist. Eth. Nic. I. 11. 



THE END. 



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