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Full text of "Officers of the army and navy (regular) who served in the Civil War"

l :l: 



OFFICERS 



OF THE 



ARMY AND NAVY 



(REGULAR) 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



EDITED BY 

MAJOR WILLIAM H. POWELL, U. S. ARMY, 

AND 

MEDICAL-DIRECTOR EDWARD SHIPPEN, U. S. NAVY. 



PUBLISHED BY 

L. R. HAMERSLY & CO., 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

I 8 2. 



No. 



762 



?«1 



COPYRIGHT, 1S92, BY L. R. HAMERSLV & Co. 



Printed by J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. 



/ 



PREFACE. 



The thought which inspired the publication of this volume was that of gathering together, in 
one work, the faces and life-sketches of as many as possible of the officers of the Regular Army 
and Navy who served during the Civil War, not that they themselves might view their own pictures 
and records, but that future generations might read with pride of the part their ancestors played, 
and look with pleasure on the faces of those who acted in the great tragedy for the preservation 
of our noble and powerful republic, at a time when its existence as a single government seemed 
about to terminate. 

The volume contains not only the pictures and sketches of the greatest of our generals and 
admirals, but those of men who did their part in the great struggle, whether with sword or 
rifle, although of a minor character, and who will feel proud of occupying places beside those 
of such great distinction as Grant, Farragut, Sherman, Porter, Sheridan, and others. 

Old comrades, who have not met for years, will also be pleased to see how Time is dealing 
with the living, and will gaze with fondness on the faces of those who no longer respond to the 
bugle's call, or have sailed to "unknown seas." 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY 



(REGULAR) 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



REAR-ADMIRAL JAMES ALDEN, U.S.N. 

Iames Alden was born in Maine. Appointed mid- 
shipman from same State April i, [828. Promoted to 
passed midshipman June 14, 1834; Navy- Yard, Boston, 
1835; exploring expedition around the world 1838-42. 
Commissioned as lieutenant February 25, 1841 ; Naval 
Station, Boston, 1843 ; frigate " Constitution," around the 
world, second time, 1 844-46 ; while attached to this vessel, 
commanded a boat expedition ami cut out several war- 
junks from under the guns of the fort at Zuron Bay, 
Cochin-China ; Home Squadron during Mexican war 
present at the capture of Vera Cruz, Tuspan, and Tobasco 
Naval Station, Boston, 1847; Coast Survey, 1848-60 
made a reconnoissance of all the West coast. In the 
winter of 1855-56, during the Indian war in Puget Sound, 
volunteered with the surveying steamer "Active," to co- 
operate with the army, and rendered important aid in 
bringing the war to a close ; by his timely arrival in the 
spring of the same year, at San Juan Island, prevented a 
collision between the British naval forces and the United 
States troops ; assisted in landing troops enough to hold 
the island in dispute against the threatened attack of the 
British. Commissioned as commander September 14, 
1855 ; commanding the steamer" South Carolina," at the 
commencement of the Rebellion, May, 1861 ; reinforced 
Fort Pickens, while blockading Galveston, Texas; had a 
fight with the batteries in the rear of the city ; while there, 
captured thirteen schooners laden with merchandise; 
commanded sloop " Richmond," at the passage of Forts 
Jackson and St. Philip, and the engagement with Chal- 
mette batteries and defences of New Orleans ; passage 
of Vicksburg batteries twice; Port Hudson, 1862-63. 
Commissioned as captain January 2, 1863; commanded 




steam-sloop" Brooklyn," in the action with Forts Morgan 
and Gaines, and the rebel gunboats in Mobile Bay ; com- 
manded in two attacks on Fort Fisher. Captain Alden 
took a prominent part in all the great naval battles of the 
war, and was handsomely mentioned in the official re- 
ports. Commissioned as commodore July 25, 1866; 
commanding steam-sloop " Susquehanna," special service, 
1867; commanding steam-frigate "Minnesota," special 
service, 1867-68; commandant Navy-Yard, Mare Island, 
California, 1868-69; chief of Bureau of Navigation and 
Detail, Navy Department, 1869-71. Promoted to rear- 
admiral 1 871; commanding European Squadron 1872. 
Retired 1873. Died 1877. 

5 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL Ji >HN J. AI.MY. U.S.N. 

John J. Ai \n was born in Rhode Island in [815, and 
appointed a midshipman at fourteen. After a cruise in 
the Mediterranean, and another on the coast of Brazil, 
he was promoted passed midshipman [835. After serv- 
ing in the receiving ship " New York" he was attached 
to the " Cyane," in the Mediterranean, as acting-master 
and navigator, for three years. In March, 1 841, he was 
commissioned as lieutenant, and served in the West Indies 
and on the coast of Africa. He was next attached to the 
" < >hio," 74, in the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific, 
during the Mexican war. lie was at the siege ami 
capture of Vera Cruz, and the capture of Tuspan. In 
the latter part of the war, 1 848, he commanded one of 
the forts at Mazatlan, during the occupation by the navy. 
Following this came a service of five years upon the 
coast survey ; and then he was ordered to command the 
" Fulton," during the operations on the coast of Central 
America, consequent upon General Walker's doings in 
that region. Walker surrendered to Rear-Admiral Pauld- 
ing on board the " Fulton," at Nicaragua. The admiral 
complimented Lieutenant Almy very highly, saying, 
" He performed his part of the work exceedingly well. 
and is an officer who can he relied upon at all times." 
Lieutenant Almy then commanded the " Fulton," in the 
Paraguay Expedition, and, upon her return, was attached 



to the New York Navy-Y r ard. He was made commander 
in April, 1861, as the civil war broke out. He was then 
constantly in command on the Atlantic coast. While 
commanding the " Connecticut," he captured and sent in 
four noted blockade-running steamers, with valuable car- 
goes. He ran ashore and destroyed four others. 

Commissioned as captain March, 1865. Commanded 
the "Juniata," in a cruise to the coast of Africa and the 
coast of Brazil. While on the coast of Brazil he rescued 
the Brazilian brig "Americo" and her crew from ship- 
wreck. The service was attended with great danger, and 
for it he was thanked by the Emperor of Brazil, the late 
Dom Pedro. In 1868-69 Captain Almy was on ordnance 
duty at Navy- Yard, New York. In December, 1869, he 
was commissioned commodore, and served for two years 
as chief signal officer of the navy, at Washington. Com- 
missioned as rear-admiral August, 1873, and at once was 
ordered to the command of the U. S. naval forces in the 
Pacific. While at Panama, in October, 1873, a serious 
revolution occurred. The city of Panama and the Panama 
Railroad were in imminent danger of being destroyed. 
Admiral Almy landed a force of men, under competent 
officers, and afforded efficient protection to European as 
well as American citizens, and preserved the communi- 
cation intact. At that time he had only the " Pensacola" 
and the " Benicia" at hand, in Panama. Passengers, 
freight, and specie passed over the road without molesta- 
tion ; and, when quiet was restored, Rear-Admiral Almy 
received the thanks of the Panama Company, the Pacific 
Mail Company, and of all the consuls and the foreign 
merchants at Panama. In 1875, while in command of 
the Pacific Squadron, Rear-Admiral Almy was presented 
by his Majesty King Kalakaua, of the Hawaiian Islands, 
with the Order of King Kamehameha I , in apprecia- 
tion of courtesies and attentions bestowed upon his 
Majesty during his journey to the United States, when 
the king and his suite were conveyed to and fro in ves- 
sels of the squadron under the rear-admiral's command. 
Rear-Admiral Almy returned from his command of nearly 
three years, in the Pacific, in July, 1870. In April, 1877, 
he was retired, under the operation of law. 

He performed, altogether, twenty-seven years and ten 
months sea-service, — the largest amount, up to this time, 
credited to any officer of the navy. His shore or other 
duty was fourteen years and eight months. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



CAPTAIN LUTHER S. AMES. 

Captain Luther S. AMEs(Second Infantry) was born in 
Plattsburgh, New York, and entered the volunteer service 
during the war of the Rebellion, serving as private, quar- 
termaster-sergeant, and sergeant-major from September, 
1 86 1 , to December, 1S63, participating in the campaigns 
of the Army of the West, and was engaged in the capture 
of New Madrid, Island No. 10, and Corinth, Mississippi, 
and the pursuit of the rebel General Beauregard ; also the 
battles of Iukaand Corinth, Mississippi, October, 1862. 

He was promoted first lieutenant and made regimental 
quartermaster of the Sixty-fourth Illinois Infantry, De- 
cember 10, 1863. He was also acting adjutant of his 
regiment during the Atlanta campaign, and was engaged 
in the battles of Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, 
Nickajack Creek, Georgia, and those in front of Atlanta 
of the 22d and 28th of July, 1864. 

He was promoted captain of his regiment July 17, 
1864, and participated in the Atlanta campaign, being 
engaged in the battle of Jonesboro', Georgia, the capture 
of Atlanta, and the pursuit of the rebel General Hood 
into Northern Alabama. He also participated in General 
Sherman's " March to the Sea," and the Carolina cam- 
paigns, being engaged at Pocotaligo, Salkehatchie River, 
and the capture of Columbia, South Carolina, in February, 
1865. 

Captain Ames performed the duties of acting assistant 
adjutant-general of the First Brigade, First Division, 
Seventeenth Army Corps, from February, 1 865, and was 
in the engagements at Cheraw, South Carolina, Benton- 
ville, North Carolina, and the capture of Goldsboro' and 
Raleigh, North Carolina, and present at the surrender of 
the rebel General Johnston and his arm}'. He accom- 
panied the troops on the march from Raleigh to Wash- 
ington, D. C, participating in the grand review at that 
place in May, 1865. He then occupied the position of 
commissary of subsistence of the First Division, Seven- 
teenth Corps, to Jul}- 1 1, 1865, when he was honorably 
mustered out of the volunteer service, at Louisville, 
Kentucky. 

Captain Ames was appointed to the regular service as 
a second lieutenant of the Sixteenth Infantry, to date 
from May 11, 1866, but did not accept the same until 




October 13, 1866, when he joined his regiment and 
served as acting assistant quartermaster and acting com- 
missary of subsistence at Augusta, Georgia, until October, 
1867. He was employed in Georgia, Alabama, and 
Florida during " reconstruction," and was transferred, 
upon the consolidation of regiments, to the Second In- 
fantry April 17, 1869. He was promoted first lieu- 
tenant March 18, 1872, and was ordered with his regi- 
ment to the Department of the Columbia in July, 1877. 
While there he served as acting assistant quartermaster 
and acting commissar}' of subsistence at Fort Coeur 
d'Alene, Idaho, building the post, from January to Octo- 
ber, 1879. Being transferred to Fort Spokane, Washing- 
ton, he performed the same staff duties, and was engaged 
in the construction of that post from November, 1882, 
to April, 1885. He then commanded a company and the 
post of Fort Townsend, Washington, from August to 
November, 1885. 

Captain Ames's regiment was transferred to the Depart- 
ment of the Platte in July, 1886, and was stationed at 
Omaha, Nebraska. While serving there he participated 
in the Sioux campaign in South Dakota during the 
winter of 1890-91. He was promoted captain February 
27, 1887, and detailed on general recruiting service at 
Albany, New York, from October 1, 1891, at which 
place he is at present on duty. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL DANlhL AMMF.N. U.S.N. 

Rear-Admiral Daniel Ammen comes from Swiss 
lineage, but his ancestors emigrated to tin's country sev- 
eral generations ago. His parents went from Botetourt 
County, Virginia, to Brown County, < >hio, in 1816. The 
subject of this sketch was there born May 15, 1820, and 
entered the navy as a midshipman in 1836. In his book, 
"The Old Navy and the New," he gives some amusing 
reminiscences of his first experiences, so different from 
the present day when the Naval School moulds all into 
one form, at least externally. 

Ammen served through the various grades to rear- 
admiral, and retired in 1878, by request, under the act 
authorizing such a step after forty years or more of 
consecutive service. 1 lis foreign service was in the Gulf 
of Mexico; on the coast of Labrador; in the Mediter- 
ranean; on the survey of the river Paraguay; on the 
coast of Brazil ; on the Pacific station, — anil twice on the 
Asiatic station, — making twenty-one years afloat. 

In his long service Admiral Ammen has passed through 
many exciting and memorable scenes. During the civil 
war he was executive officer of the frigate " Roanoke;" 
commanded the "Seneca" in the fight at Port Royal ; at 
Tybee Island ; commanded at Port Royal Ferry ; in the 
expedition against Fernandina. Commander, February 
21, 1863. Commanded monitor " Patapsco" against Fort 
McAllister, and attack on Sumter of April 7, 1S63. 

In May, 1864, Commander Ammen sailed for the 
Isthmus of Panama in the California passenger steamer 
" Ocean Queen" with a draft of two hundred and twenty 
seamen for the Pacific station. An organized mutiny by 
these men occurred on board a steamer with women and 
children on board, and a full passenger-list; but Com- 
mander Ammen, assisted by Boatswain Bell, the only aid 
assigned him, and with the excellent co-operation of the 
captain of the " ( )cean Queen," Tinklepaugh, put a sudden 
stop to the business. Commander Ammen shot one of 



the leading mutineers, and another was killed by his 
assistants in the repression of the mutiny. At the close 
of the civil war Captain Ammen designed the "Ammen 
balsa," for landing troops and field artillery on exposed 
beaches, and also a life-raft for steamers. As Chief of 
the Bureau of Navigation he had a signal-book com- 
piled, of great excellence; and promoted the use of the 
dynamometer of Sir William Thomson, improved by the 
present Admiral Belknap, which, with the use of wire, 
instead of hemp, enabled correct soundings to be made 
in the deepest seas. Some years ago a Naval Advisory 
Hoard recommended the adoption of Admiral Ammen's 
plans and calculations for a marine ram, and, under a 
recent appropriation, one is now read)- for launching, at 
Path, Maine. When President Grant, in 1872, appointed 
a commission to examine into, and report upon, Isthmian 
Canal matters, Ammen was made the junior member. 
The committee reported in 1876, quite satisfied that the 
Nicaragua Canal route was preferable to any other. 
Further developments have only served to increase the 
estimate of its commercial value, and in regard to its 
economic maintenance. Under instructions from Presi- 
dent Hayes, Ammen attended the (so-called) Paris Canal 
Congress, in May, 1879, a report of the proceedings of 
which he made to the State Department. In 1880 he 
wrote an article on the Panama Canal, which was pub- 
lished in the North American Review, contesting the po- 
sition of M. de Lesseps in his article upon the subject 
in the previous number. The correctness of Ammen's 
assertions time has established. In January, 1890, Ad- 
miral Ammen visited Nicaragua, and was received there, 
by all parties and persons, with distinguished attention. 
In all his exertions in behalf of the construction of the 
canal there, he has endeavored to secure a rigid and honest 
management, and to protect both the government and the 
canal company against stock-gamblers and other persons 
disposed to make prey of it. Admiral Ammen is the au- 
thor of" The Atlantic Coast during the Civil War" (Serib- 
ner's War Series), ami " The Old Navy and the New" (Lip- 
pincott, Philadelphia), which is a history of the progressive 
changes in naval architecture, armament, and propulsion 
during the past half-century. It has an appendix con- 
taining a number of most interesting letters from General 
Grant, written while the latter was making the tour of the 
world. Admiral Ammen and General Grant were neigh- 
bors in boyhood, and always remained friends, widely as 
their paths in life diverged. When mere lads, Ammen 
saved Grant from drowning, and, years after, General 
Grant, in writing to Ammen from Nice, December, 1877, 
speaks of the incident, saying, jocosely, "... you res- 
cued me from a watery grave. I am of a forgiving nature, 
however, and forgive you, — but is the feeling universal ? 
If the Democrats get into full power, may they not hold 
you responsible ? " 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



CAPTAIN JOHN ANDERSON. 

Captain John Anderson (Eighteenth Infantry) was 
born in Monson, Massachusetts, and entered the military 
service as a private in Company E, of the First Michigan 
Sharpshooters, January 5, 1863, serving with that regi- 
ment until appointed a second lieutenant of the Fifty- 
seventh Massachusetts Volunteers, when his regiment 
was attached to the First Brigade, First Division of the 
Ninth Army Corps, participating in the campaign of the 
Army of the Potomac, and commanded Company E of 
his regiment through the Wilderness campaign, engaging 
in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North 
Anna River, Cold Harbor, and in the charge upon the 
rebel works around Petersburg, Virginia, June 16-18, 
1864. He then served in the trenches before Petersburg 
during the siege, and participated in the Mine Explosion, 
July 30, 1864, where he was wounded. 

He was discharged for disability arising from his 
wounds, January 21, 1865, but was appointed second 
lieutenant of the Twentieth Regiment of the Veteran 
Reserve Corps, March 25, 1865, serving at Wheeling, 
West Virginia, in connection with mustering out West 
Virginia volunteers to November, 1865, and in Tennessee, 
Georgia, and South Carolina during " reconstruction," 
until honorably mustered out of the volunteer service, ; 
June 30, 1866. 

He was brevetted a first lieutenant of volunteers, March 
13th, 1865, for gallant ami meritorious services in the 
battles before Petersburg, and a captain of the same date 
for the same occasion. 

Captain Anderson entered the regular service by ap- 
pointment as second lieutenant of the Twenty-fifth U. S. 
Infantry, August IO, 1867, and served as quartermaster 
and commissary at Columbia, Newberry, and Greenville, 




South Carolina, and was transferred to the Eighteenth 
Infantry, April 26, 1869. He was promoted first lieu- 
tenant, October 17, 1878, and served in his regiment 
until April, 1879, when he moved with it to Fort Assin- 
aboine, Montana, participating in the campaign in North- 
ern Montana against Sioux Indians under Sitting Bull 
and Gall, during the months of January and February, 
1881. His regiment was transferred to the Indian Terri- 
tory in [885, and while on duty at Fort Gibson he was 
made regimental quartermaster, to date from November, 
1889. 

The regiment subsequently moved to Texas, and he 
was stationed with the head-quarters at Fort Clark until 
promoted a captain, June 21, 1890, when he was relieved 
as quartermaster and joined his company. 



IO 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD XAVY [Regular) 




BRIGADIER AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL 
ROBERT ANDERSON. 

Brigadier and Brevet Major-General Robert An- 
derson (deceased) was born in Kentucky, and graduated 

at the Military Academy, July i, 1825. He was pro- 
moted brevet second lieutenant and second lieutenant 
Third Artillery the same day. lie served as private 
secretary to the U. S. Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy 
Extraordinary to the Republic of Columbia from October, 
1825, to July, 1826, when he was ordered to the Artillery 
School at Fort Monroe, remaining there until 1828, and 
on ordnance duty to May 9, 1832. He was then ap- 
pointed colonel of staff (assistant inspector-general) of 
Illinois volunteers, and was in the campaign against the 
Sac Indians, under Black Hawk, being engaged in the 
battle of Bad Axe, August 2, 1832. He was promoted 
first lieutenant, June 30, 1833, and was in garrison at 
Fort Constitution, New Hampshire, until 1 S 3 5 , when he 
was detailed at the Military Academy, as assistant in- 
structor of artillery, to December, 1835, and instructor of 
artillery to November 6, 1 837. 

Lieutenant Anderson participated in the Florida War 
against the Seminole Indians in 1837-38, and was engaged 
in the action of Locha-Hatchee, January 24. capture of 
forty-five Indians near Fort Lauderdale (in command), 
April 2, and skirmish in the Everglades, April 24, 1838, 
for which services he was brevetted captain. 

Captain Anderson served in the Cherokee Nation, as 
aide-de-camp to Major-General Scott, from May to July, 
1838, while emigrating the Indians to the West. I le was 
brevet captain of staff (assistant adjutant-general), from 
July 7, [838, to November 30, 1841, and served as 
such in the eastern department. He was promoted cap- 
tain Third Artillery, October 23, 1841, and was on a 
board of officers to examine his translation of " Instruc- 



tions for Field- Artillery" to 1845, and then was stationed 
in South Carolina and Florida until the commencement of 
the war with Mexico, in which he participated, and was 
engaged in the siege of Vera Cruz, battle of Cerro Gordo, 
skirmish of Amazoque, and battle of Molino del Rey, 
September 8, 1S47, where he was severely wounded in 
the assault of the enemy's work's, and on account of 
wounds was granted sick-leave until 1848, when we find 
him on duty at Fort Preble, Maine. He was a member 
of a board of officers, in 1849-51, to devise "A Com- 
plete System of Instruction for Siege, Garrison, Sea-coast, 
ami Mountain Artillery," which was adopted Ma)- IO, 
185 1, for the service of the United States. 

Captain Anderson was brevetted major, for " gallant 
and meritorious conduct in the battle of Molino del Rey, 
Mexico." He was governor of the Harrodsburg Branch 
Military Asylum, Kentucky, in 1853-54; member ofboard 
for the armament of fortifications, 1854-55 ; inspector of 
iron-work manufactured at Trenton, New Jersey, for pub- 
lic buildings constructed under the Treasury Department, 
1855-59; member of a board to arrange the programme 
of instruction at the Artillery School for Practice at Fort 
Monroe, Virginia, in 1859-60, and of the commission 
created to examine into the organization, system of dis- 
cipline, and course of instruction at the Military Academy, 
to December 13, i860, when he was ordered, as major 
of the First Artillery, to the command of the defences 
of Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. 

At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion, 
Major Anderson transferred his garrison from Fort Moul- 
trie to Fort Sumter, which was the first point of attack 
by the rebels, April 13, 1861. He sustained a heavy 
bombardment of the work, whose walls were crushed, 
interior buildings and quarters burned, and was so dis- 
mantled as to compel him to evacuate it. He was made 
brigadier-general U. S. Army, May 15, 1861, and placed 
in command of the Department of Kentucky, and subse- 
quently of the Department of the Cumberland, which he 
retained until October 8, 1861. He was then on waiting 
orders until 1S63, when he was given command of Fort 
Adams, Rhode Island, and on the 27th of October, 1S63, 
he was retired from active service, for disability resulting 
from long and faithful service, and wounds and disease 
contracted in the line of duty. 

General Anderson was brevetted major-general U. S. 
Army, February 3, 1865, for "gallant and meritorious 
service in defence of Fort Sumter, South Carolina." 

General Anderson served, alter being retired, on the 
staff of the general commanding the Department of the 
F.ast, and died October 26, 1S71. 

General Anderson translated from the French " Instruc- 
tions for Field-Artillery, Horse and Foot," for the ser- 
vice of the United States, in 1840 ; and " Evolutions of 
Field-Batteries," i860. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



\ i 



COLONEL THOMAS M. ANDERSON. 

Colonel Thomas M. Anderson (Fourteenth Infantry) 
was born in Ohio, January 21, 1836. At the commence- 
ment of the war of the Rebellion he entered the military 
service as private of Company A, Sixth Ohio Infantry, 
April 20, 1861. He was discharged May 15, 1861, to 
accept the appointment of second lieutenant in the Second 
U. S. Cavalry, to date from May 7, 1861, but was in the 
mean time appointed a captain in the Twelfth U. S. Infantry, 
to date from May 14, 1861, which latter appointment, 
however, he did not accept until October 8, 1861. He 
was in the field with Pope's army and participated in the 
Cedar Mountain and second Bull Run campaigns, and 
was engaged in the battles of Cedar Mountain and second 
Bull Run ; in the Maryland campaign, and engaged in the 
battle of Antietam, Maryland ; in the Rappahannock 
campaign, and engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg 
and Chancellorsville, Virginia ; in the Wilderness cam- 
paign of 1864, commanding the Twelfth Infantry, and 
engaged in the battles of the Wilderness, Laurel Hill, 
and Spottsylvania Court-House, Virginia, at which latter 
place he was severely wounded and compelled to leave 
the field. 

Upon his recovery for light duty, Colonel Anderson 
was occupied in organizing the First Battalion of the In- 
valid Corps. He also organized and mustered into ser- 
vice several regiments from rebel prisoners, known as 
the repentant rebel regiments, and mustered out sixteen 
thousand paroled prisoners at Camp Chase, Ohio. 

At the conclusion of the war, he was brevetted major, 
August 1, 1864, "for gallant service in the battle of the 
Wilderness;" lieutenant-colonel, August 1, 1864, "for 
gallant services in the battle of Spottsylvania." 

When the army was reorganized in 1866, Colonel 
Anderson was transferred to the Twenty-first Infantry, 
and was promoted major, March 26, 1S6S. He was then 
ordered to Texas, and served at Fort Mcintosh and Ring- 
gold Barracks, from August, 1869, to September, 1872, 
during which time he acted as attorney for the United 
States in the Mexican cattle-claims cases on the Rio Grande. 
In 1872 he was ordered to Vicksburg, Mississippi, and 
while there was disbursing officer for the United States 
until 1874. 

In the consolidation of regiments in 1869, Colonel 
Anderson was unassigned from March 15 to June 24, 
1869, when he was assigned to the Tenth Infantry, and 




was second in command during MacKenzie's Kiowa 
campaign, in 1874. He was in command of Fort Mc- 
Kavett in 1876, and of the Tenth Infantry in 1877-7S. 
He was then ordered on general recruiting service as 
commandant of Columbus Barracks, Ohio, where he 
remained until October, 1880. 

Having been promoted lieutenant-colonel of the Ninth 
Infantry, March 20, 1879, he joined that regiment in 
Nebraska, and was in command of it from February, 1882, 
to June, 1883, at which time he was ordered to Fort Mc- 
Kinney, Wyoming, serving at that post, as well as at 
Forts Russell and Bridger, to 1885. He was then ordered 
in command of a battalion of the Ninth Infantry to Cris- 
field, Kansas, in the summer of 1885, at a prospective 
outbreak of Indians in the Indian Territory. Colonel 
Anderson was also on an expedition, sent to Evanston, 
Union Pacific Railroad, to protect Chinamen, during 
September and October of that year. 

He was promoted colonel of the Fourteenth Infantry, 
September 6, 18S6, and joined his regiment at Vancouver 
Barracks, Washington, where he has held station to the 
present time. 

Colonel Anderson is the grandson of Brigadier-General 
Duncan McArthur, second in command to General Har- 
rison in the Army of the Northwest during the war of 
1812; his other grandfather was a lieutenant-colonel in 
the Continental army. He is, himself, the nephew of 
General Robert Anderson, of Fort Sumter fame. 



12 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY [regular) 




COLONEL GEORGE LIPPITT ANDREWS. 

Colonel George Lippitt Andrews (Twenty-fifth In- 
fantry) was born in Rhode Island, April 22, [828. He 
was a private in the Fifth Ward City Guards at Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, during Dorr's Rebellion of 1842, 
and a private in the Providence Marine Corps of Artillery 
in 1S44. He became a sergeant in the same in 1847, 
major fn>m 1N4N t,. [852, and colonel (commandant) from 
1853 to 1856. He was then made captain and commis- 
sary of the Second Brigade, Rhode Island militia, which 
he retained until appointed captain and quartermaster of 
the same troops. Removing to St. Louis, Missouri, he 
entered the militia service there as captain of Company 
P, Engineer Battalion, in 1S60, and engaged in the 
Southwest expedition. 

At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion, 
Captain Andrews, as a militia officer of the State of Mis- 
souri, was censured by the then governor of that State 
(Jackson) and the general of the First Military District 
for his fealty to the Union in preference to the State, " in 
case of a conflict between the State of Missouri and said 
government," which was considered "to amount to mili- 
tary insubordination in advance, and to be inconsistent 
with the law," to which Captain Andrews replied, under 
date of February 12, 1 86 1 , as follows : 

"Finding my name has been brought to the notice 
of the public in a manner calculated to increase the 
bitterness of feeling now existing, and in the hope that 
positive information will do less harm than uncertain 
speculation, I herewith enclose copies of documents re- 
ceived by me on the I ith instant, with the request that 
they may find a place in the columns of your paper. 

" I do not believe in mental reservations or quibbles of 
any description, particularly in connection with taking 
an oath; and when I swore to ' honestly and faithfully 



serve the State of Missouri against all her enemies, and 
that you will do your utmost to sustain the Constitution 
and laws of the United States, and of this State, against 
all violence of whatever kind and description; and you 
do further swear that you will well and truly execute and 
obey the legal orders of all officers properly placed over 
you, whilst on duty ; so help you God,' — I did so in good 
faith, with a full, realizing sense of the moral and consti- 
tutional obligations I assumed. I still occupy the same 
position, and shall ever be found read}- and willing to do 
my p. irt to sustain ' the Constitution, the Union, and the 
enforcement of the laws. 

" Respectfully yours, 

" Geo. L. Andrews. 

"St. Louis, February 12, 1861." 

Captain Andrews was appointed lieutenant-colonel of 
the First Missouri Infantry, April 24, 1861, and was en- 
gaged at Camp Jackson, Booneville (of which he was 
military governor), Dug Spring, and McCullough's 
Store; and commanded the Second Brigade of General 
Lyon's column at the battle of Wilson's Creek, where he 
was wounded and his horse shot under him. He was 
appointed lieutenant-colonel of the First Missouri Light 
Artillery, September 1, 1861, and was discharged from the 
volunteer service September 5, of the same year, to enter 
the regular service, — he having been appointed major of 
the Seventeenth U. S. Infantry May 14, but did not receive 
the appointment until September 5. He joined his regi- 
ment at Fort Preble, Maine, where he remained until 
March, 1862, when he was ordered to the field with the 
Arm_\- of the Potomac, and his regiment became part of 
the Second Brigade, Second Division (regular) of the 
Fifth Arm}- Corps. He participated in the operations 
and campaigns of the Arm}- of the Potomac of 1862-63, 
and was engaged at the siege of Yorktown, battles of 
Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, Antietam, 
reconnoissances across the Potomac River below Sharps- 
burg, to Leetown, Snicker's Gap, battle of Fredericks- 
burg, where he commanded the Second Brigade of reg- 
ular infantry, and battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia. 
He was then ordered on regimental recruiting service at 
Fort Preble, Maine, and subsequently changed to New- 
port Barracks, Kentucky, October 14, 1864, on being 
promoted lieutenant-colonel of the Thirteenth Infantry. 

Colonel Andrews received the brevets of lieutenant- 
colonel for Second Bull Run and colonel for Antietam, 
" for gallant and meritorious services," and was promoted 
colonel of the Twenty-fifth Infantry, January 1, 1871. 

Since the close of the war he has been stationed in 
various parts of the country with his regiment, experi- 
encing all the details of frontier life, such as falls to the 
lot of an army officer. His present station is with his 
regiment at Fort Missoula. Montana. 



I 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



13 



COLONEL ABRAHAM K. ARNOLD. 

Colonel Abraham K. Arnold (First Cavalry) was 
born in Pennsylvania, March 24, 1837. Retiring year, 
1901 ; graduated from U. S. Military Academy, July 1, 
1859. Actual Rank. — Brevet second lieutenant Fifth 
(old Second) Cavalry, July 1, 1859; second lieutenant, 
June 28, i860; first lieutenant, April 6, 1861 ; captain, 
July 17, 1S62 ; major Sixth Cavalry, June 22, 1869; lieu- 
tenant-colonel First Cavalry, June II, 1886, and colonel, 
February 7, 1891. Brevet Ran/:. — Brevet captain, June 
27, 1862, for gallant and meritorious service in the battle 
of Gaines' Mill, Virginia; brevet major, May 6, 1864, for 
gallant and meritorious service at the battle of Todd's Tav- 
ern, Virginia. Honorably Mentioned. — In the " Records of 
the Rebellion," Tart I., Vol. XL, pp. 6S4, 86, 88, 691, 92, 
711, 12, and 1007 ; Part II., Vol. XL, page 47, as far as 
published. Service. — In i860 conducted a detachment of 
recruits from New York by sea to Indianola ; marched by 
way of San Antonio to Fort Inge, Texas ; joined Decem- 
ber 2, in the field, 1S61 ; marched from Fort Inge, March 
19, i86i,for sea-coast; embarked at Indianola, on steam- 
ship "Empire City," just in time to escape capture, and 
sailed for New York ; served in the defences of Wash- 
ington and in the field during the winter of 1 861 and 
iS62, until wounded at Gaines' Mill, which disabled him 
from service until September, 1862 ; appointed mustering 
and disbursing officer at New York and Boston until Sep- 
tember, 1863; in the field 1863 and 1864 ; assistant in- 
structor of cavalry tactics at L T . S. Military Academy from 
August 23, 1864, to August 2S, 1869; served at Fort 
Brown and Waco, and at Fort Richardson, Texas, and in 
Kansas from June 18, 1 870, until September, 1872, on 
garrison and field duties; appointed a disbursing officer 
in the Freedmen's Bureau and served at New Orleans, 
Louisiana, until November, 1S78; on duty in the West 
and South, part of the time in the field, from 1879 to 1892. 
Staff Positions Occupied. — Adjutant, assistant commissary 
of subsistence, acting assistant quartermaster at Fort Inge, 
Texas, winter and spring of 1 S60-6 1 ; adj utant of his regi- 
ment June I, 1 86 1 ; resigned May 9, 1862; acting in- 
spector-general Department of Arizona from November, 
1 8S0, to August 2, 1884; acting assistant adjutant-general 
in the field during the Cibicu campaign of 1 88 1. Battles. 
Skirmishes, Etc. — Operations against hostile Indians in 
Texas, winter and spring of 1860-61 ; participated in 
General Patterson's Shenandoah campaign ; was engaged 
in the action at Falling Waters, and in the skirmishes near ! 
Martinsburg and Bunker Hill ; in the defences of Wash- 
ington during the winter of 1861-62 ; participated in the 
Manassas and Virginia Peninsula campaigns, and engaged 
in the siege of Yorktown, the battle of Williamsburg, and 
almost daily skirmishes during the advance towards Rich- 
mond ; engaged with the enemy at the Hanover Court- 




House ; participated in the reconnoissance towards Ash- 
land; severely wounded in the disastrous charge at 
Gaines' Mill ; engaged in the combat at Bristoe Station, 
the operations at Mine Run, in the raid and action at 
Charlottesville, the action at Stannardsville, the skirmish 
near Morton's Ford, the battle of Todd's Tavern and 
Meadow Bridge, the skirmish near Mechanicsville, the 
battles of Cold Harbor and Trevilian Station; and 
marched to the relief of General Wilson at Ream's Sta- 
tion, when that officer made his raid on the South Side 
Railroad. Commanding field operations in Southeastern 
Arizona against hostile Apaches, raiding in New Mexico, 
spring of 1S79; served with an expedition into old 
Mexico, in the neighborhood of Lake Guzman, and co- 
operated with the forces in New Mexico and Mexican 
troops, which resulted in destroying a large band of sav- 
ages', until October, 1879; in the field during the Cibicu 
campaign in Arizona, 1 881; against the disaffected 
Crows, November, 1887, in combat which resulted in 
killing their chief and bringing them to terms. Com- 
mands Held. — Commanded company during the last tour 
of field service performed in Texas by any part of regi- 
ment, 1861 ; in command of company May 9, 1862; in 
command of the regiment almost continuously from Oc- 
tober 12, 1863, to July 24, 1864; in command of field 
operations in Southeastern Arizona from the spring until 
October, 1879; Fort Grant, Arizona, until November, 
1880; Fort Bayard, New Mexico, and regiment until 
April 17, 1885 ; battalion of regiment in the field, 
November, 1 887; post of Fort Maginnis, Montana, 
November 1, 188S, to March 4, 1889; Fort Custer, Mon- 
tana, and First Cavalry, until September 25, 1889. His- 
tory. — Grandson of Captain P. P. Walter, Thirty-second 
U. S. Infantry, War of 1812, and grandson of Peter 
Arnold, a soldier of the Revolutionary War. 



14 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY recvlar, 




MAJI >K ISAAC ARNOLD. JR. 

Major Isaac Arnold, Jr., (Ordnance Department) 
was born in Connecticut and graduated from the Military 
Academy, June 17, 1862. He was promoted second 
lieutenant of the Second Artillery the same date and 
was assigned to Battery F. He joined Batten- K, Fourth 
Artillery, at Harrison's Landing, Virginia, and served 
with the same in the Army of the Potomac until after 
the battle of Chancellorsville, and was present at the fol- 
lowing engagements: Second Malvern Hill, Chantilly, 
Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville, and was wounded 
at the latter place. 

He was transferred to the Ordnance Corps, April 27, 



1863. but did not receive notice of transfer until after 
the battle of Chancellorsville. Having been promoted 
first lieutenant, April 27, 1S63, he served at Washing- 
ton Arsenal, District of Columbia, until about January 
1. 1S64. when he was transferred to St. Louis Arsenal, 
Missouri. From that point he was detached in the 
spring of 1864 anil sent to Springfield, Illinois, to arm the 
one-hundred-day men. After three or four months he- 
was relieved from that duty and ordered to Hilton Head. 
South Carolina, where he served as chief ordnance 
officer of the Department of the South until the close 
of the war. 

Lieutenant Arnold served a short time as assistant 
at Allegheny Arsenal, Pennsylvania, and was then as- 
signed to the command of the San Antonio Arsenal, 
Texas, and chief ordnance officer of the Department 
of Texas ; was promoted captain of ordnance, March 7, 
1S67. From Texas he was ordered to Springfield 
Armory, Massachusetts, as an assistant, and moved 
from there to Allegheny Arsenal, Pennsylvania. He 
then took six months' leave of absence, mi expiration of 
which he was ordered to Benicia Arsenal, California; 
being promoted major of ordnance, May 29, 1879, he 
was ordered to Indianapolis Arsenal, where he remained 
about eight years, and was then sent to command 
San Antonio Arsenal, Texas, and was chief ordnance 
officer, Department of Texas, per S. O. 236 and 261, 
respectively, H. O. A. 1SS3. rem. lining there four years; 
he was then sent to Fort Monroe Arsenal, Virginia, per 
S. ( ). 223, II. Q. A. 1S87, where he was stationed fortwo 
years, and then assumed command of Columbia Arsenal, 
December 1, 1889, per S. O. 272, H. Q. A. iSSy, where 
he is at present. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



15 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL AND BREVET MAJOR- 
GENERAL CHRISTOPHER C. AUGUR. 

Brigadier-General and Brevet Major-General 
Christopher C. Augur was born in Kendall, Orleans 
Count}', New York, July 10, 1 <S 2 1 . His father dying 
when he was young, he went with his mother, in 1835, 
to friends in Michigan, and in 1839 was appointed a 
cadet to the U. S. Military Academy from that State. 
Graduated in 1843, and assigned a brevet second lieutenant 
to the Second Infantry. Served in that regiment until 
September, 1849, when promoted second lieutenant to 
Fourth Infantry, then serving with the " Army of Occupa- 
tion," commanded by General Zachary Taylor, at Corpus 
Christi, Texas. Went with that army to the Rio Grande, 
and participated in all its operations, including battles of 
Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, and the capture and 
occupation of Matamoras, Mexico. Two companies of 
each regiment were here broken up, including his own 
company, and the officers sent North, recruiting. In 
March, 1847, he returned to Mexico as aide-de-camp to 
General I lopping. After that general's death went to the 
City of Mexico as aide-de-camp to General dishing, and 
served with him until the end of the war. Then joined his 
regiment at Pascagoula, Mississippi, and went with it to 
Fort Niagara, New York. Remained there until July, 
1852, when ordered with regiment to Pacific coast. Pro- 
moted to captain in August, 1852. Stationed at Fort Van- 
couver until February, 1856. Was in campaign against 
Yakima Indians in fall of 1855. In February, 1S56, went 
to Port Orford, Oregon, against Rogue River and other hos- 
tile Indians in that vicinity. Engaged with Indians at Big 
Bend of Rogue River, and at Macanootney Hill. After 
campaign closed took first detachment of Indians by sea 
to Siletz Reservation. Established Fort Hoskins, Kings 
Valley, Oregon, in 1856. Commanded that post until 
July 1, 861 , when ordered with company to California. 
At San Francisco, found himself a major in the Thirteenth 
Infantry. Arrived in New York, he found orders sending 
him to West Point as commandant of cadets. Novem- 
ber 14, 1 861, was appointed a brigadier-general of volun- 
teers. Joined new brigade in McDowell's division in 
Washington, D. C. Moved to front with Army of Po- 
tomac in March, 1862. Brought up at Catlett's Station, 
Virginia. In April, 1862, was sent with his brigade to 
capture Fredericksburg, Virginia, April 19, 1862. Was 
successful. In July promoted to division in Banks's corps 
operating about Little Washington, Virginia. Was in 
battle of Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August 9, 1862, 
where he was severely wounded. Was brevetted a colonel 
in the regular army, and appointed a major-general of 
volunteers for this battle. When able for duty, was put 
on court of inquiry to investigate surrender of Harper's 




Ferry. Then applied for orders for the field, and was sent 
to report to General McClellan, then with his army at 
Warrenton, Virginia, and was assigned to command First 
Division First Army Corps. Received orders next day to 
report to General Banks. Accompanied him to New 
Orleans, and commanded district of Baton Rouge until 
advance upon Port Hudson. During siege commanded 
left wing of army. After surrender of Port Hudson, 
went North on sick leave in Jul)', 1 863. Was made presi- 
dent of military commission in Washington, D. C. While 
on that duty was assigned temporarily to command of 
the Department of Washington and Twenty-second Army 
Corps in October, 1863. Remained in that command 
until August, 1866. In September, 1866, appointed presi- 
dent of board to examine newly-appointed officers. Jan- 
uary, 1867, was assigned to command of Department of 
the Platte, and remained there until assigned to command 
of Department of Texas in December, 1871, having in 
March, 1869, been appointed a brigadier-general in the 
regular service. Commanded the Department of Texas 
until March, 1S75, when assigned to command Depart- 
ment of Gulf, at New Orleans. Commanded there until 
July, 1878, when that department was consolidated with 
Department of the South. Was assigned to command 
that department, head-quarters at Newport, Kentucky. 
Commanded that department until December, 18S0, when 
again assigned to command Department of Texas. In 
October, 1883, was assigned to command Department of 
Missouri, head-quarters at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Commanded that department until July 10, 1883, when re- 
tired for age, after commanding important military de- 
partments continuously for twenty-two years, with the 
exception of four months. Since retirement has resided 
in Washington, D. C. 



i6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY regular) 




CAPTAIN WILLIAM AUMAN. 

Captain William Auman (Thirteenth Infantry) was 
born October 17, 1838, in Berks Count}-, Pennsylvania. 
His father, Henry Auman, who was a non-commissioned 
officer in a Pennsylvania regiment in the war of 1812-14, 
removed to Union County, Pennsylvania, and again 
moved to Pottsville, in 1848. At the age of eighteen 
Captain Auman entered a general merchandise store in 
Pottsville as salesman, and continued in this occupation 
until the call of President Lincoln for troops in 1861, 
when he joined a local militia company (Washington Artil- 
lery), which had tendered its services to the government. 
The company left Pottsville on the 17th of April, 1S61, 
and arrived at Harrisburg that evening. Early the next 
morning that company, with four others from the State, 
were sworn into the service of the United States, and left 
immediately (unarmed) for the national capital. At Bal- 
timore these troops were surrounded by a howling mob 
of Secessionists. Tin eats and insults were heaped upon 
them, and some were injured by being struck with stones 
while marching through the streets. But as the mob 
was not organized, these unarmed troops managed to get 
through without loss of life, and arrived at Washington 
that evening, where they were temporarily quartered in 
tile Capitol building. This was the day before the Sixth 



Massachusetts had their fight in Baltimore. After serv- 
ing at Washington City and Fort Washington, Mary- 
land, until July 29, 1861, Company H, Twenty-fifth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, of which Captain Auman was 
a member, was honorably mustered out of service. But 
on the gth of September, 1861, he enlisted in Company 
G, Forty-eighth Pennsylvania Infantry, and was ap- 
pointed a corporal same date. He was promoted ser- 
geant in the summer of 1S62, second lieutenant of his 
company June 2S, 1864, first lieutenant July 2^, 1S64, 
and captain March 3. 1865 ; and was brevetted captain 
of U. S. Volunteers, " for gallant and meritorious services 
before Petersburg, Virginia." 

Captain Auman participated with his regiment in the 
battles of Fredericksburg, Virginia, Campbell's Station. 
Blue Springs, and siege of Knoxville, Tennessee. He 
was also engaged in the battle of the Wilderness, Spottsyl- 
vania, Tolepotomy, Bethesda Church, North Anna, Cold 
Harbor, ami seven of the battles around Petersburg. 

At the capture of Petersburg, April 2, 1865, while on 
the enemy's works, he was severely wounded in the face, 
having all the teeth on the left side of his upper jaw shot 
. away, and his tongue so severely cut that he was unable 
to take any food for a number of days. ( )n the eleventh 
day after he was wounded, a portion of the bullet was 
removed from his tongue. As soon as this was done he 
recovered rapidly, and soon afterwards he rejoined his 
regiment, and was mustered out with his company, July 
17, 1865. 

For his services in the war he was, on the I Ith of May, 
1866, commissioned second lieutenant of the Thirteenth 
■ U. S. Infantry; was promoted first lieutenant October 5, 
1 868, and captain March 26, 1879. 

During a demonstration made by Crow Indians on the 
post of Camp Cook', Montana, May 17, 1868, he was 
severely wounded in the left foot. He served as regi- 
mental quartermaster from January 1, 1870, to August 
1, 1871. 

Captain Auman's service in the West has carried him 
to many different stations, his present one being Fort 
Supply, Indian Territory. 

He received a medal of honor from the State of Penn- 
sylvania for service as " First Defender of the National 
Capital, 1 86 1." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIV IE WAR. 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL 
WM. W. AVERELL, 

Captain and Brevet M ajor-General Wm. W. 
Avekell (retired) was born in New York and graduated 
from the Military Academy July i, 1855. He was 
promoted brevet second lieutenant of the Mounted 
Rifles same day, and served at Jefferson Barracks, 
Missouri, until 1856, when lie was ordered to the School 
fir Practice at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, having been pro- 
moted second lieutenant Mounted Riflemen May 1, 
1856. In 1857 he was on frontier duty, in command ol 
an escort to the commanding general of the Depart- 
ment of New Mexico, and the same year was scouting, 
from Fort Craig, and engaged in a skirmish with Kiowa 
Indians near Fort Craig, December 7, 1S57. He was on 
the Navajo expedition in 1858, ami engaged in a skirmish 
in Chusca Valley, September 29; a skirmish with Kya- 
tano's band, October I ; and skirmish at the Puerco of 
the West, October 8, 1858, where he was severely 
wounded in a night attack on the soldiers' camp. He 
was at Fort Craig until granted a sick leave, which sepa- 
rated him from his duties until 1861. 

Lieutenant Averell was bearer of despatches to Colonel 
Emory, at Fort Arbuckle, Indian Territory, April and 
May, 1 861, and on returning to Washington he was then 
promoted first lieutenant Third Cavalry. He was de- 
tailed on mustering duty at Elmira, New York', to July, 
when he was made acting assistant adjutant-general oi 
General A. Porter, at Washington, participating in the 
Manassas campaign, and engaged at the battle of First 
Bull Run, July 21, 1S61. 

Having been appointed colonel of the Third Pennsyl- 
vania Cavalry, August 13, 1861, he was in command oi 
a cavalry brigade in front of the defences of Washington 
(which was the first cavalry brigade of the war) to March, 
1862, when he led the advance on Manassas, and subse- 
quently participated in the Peninsula campaign, being 
engaged in the siege of Yorktown, battles of Williams 
burg, Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, where he commanded 
the rear guard (see "Battles and Leaders of the War"), 
and skirmishes at Sycamore Church, August 2, and at 
White Oak Swamp, August 5, 1862. On the 17th of 
July, 1862, he was promoted captain Third Cavalry. 

Appointed brigadier-general of volunteers September 
26, 1862. He was engaged in scouting and skirmishing 
on the Upper Potomac until the 31st of October, when 
he participated in the march back to the Rappahannock 
River, being engaged, en route, in skirmishes along the 
Blue Ridge, at Upperville, Markam, Corbins' and Gaines' 
Cross Roads, and Amissville. lie then participated in 
the Rappahannock campaign of 1862-63, and was en- 
gaged in the battle of Fredericksburg, and as com- 
mander of the Second Cavalry Division in the skirmish 
3 




at I [artwood Church, action at Kelly's Ford, the first con- 
siderable cavalry battles of the war. lie commanded 
one of the two di\ isions of cavalry engaged in the Stone- 
man raid, and drove the enemy's cavalry towards Gor- 
donsville, while Buford with Stoneman reached the 
enemy's rear. 

General Averell was placed in command of the 
Fourth Separate Brigade May 16, 1863, and commanded 
in all the engagements of the brigade, which was increased 
to a division of three brigades cavalry and one infantry, 
in the West Virginia operations, defeating the intrenched 
rebel army o( West Virginia at Droop Mountain, and 
driving the enemy out of the State. In the winter of 
1863-64 he made the raid to the Tennessee Railroad, 
destroying it and General Longstreet's supplies, from 
December 8 to 25, 1X63. He was in the West Virginia 
operations, commanding the Second Cavalry Division, 
in 1X64, commanding in all the actions and combats, 
raids and skirmishes, and defeated Ramseur's division 
at Carter's Farm, July 20. He fought the combats at 
Winchester and Moorfield, and skirmishes at Bunker 
Hill and Martinsburg, and participated in the battles of 
Opequan and Fisher's Hill, and action at Mount Jackson, 
September 23, 1864. 

He was brevetted for gallant and meritorious services, 
as follows: Major, for the battle of Kelly's Ford, Vir- 
ginia; lieutenant-colonel, for the action at Droop Moun- 
tain, Virginia; colonel, for the Salem expedition in Vir- 
ginia; brigadier-general, for the field during the war of 
the Rebellion; major-general, for the battle of Moor- 
field, Virginia. General Averell resigned from the army 
May 18, 1865, and was appointed United States Consul- 
General to British North America at Montreal in 1866. 
By act of Congress of August 1, 18S8, he was restored 
to his grade of captain in the arm)- and placed upon the 
I retired list, August 17 of that year. 



1 8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY {regular) 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL R< >BERT AVERY 
(retired). 

Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Avery was born in 
Tunkhannock, Pennsylvania, September 22, 1839- In 
September, 1861, he received authority from the gov- 
ernor of New York to raise a company, and in October, 
1861, he was commissioned a captain of New York vol- 
unteers in the service of the United States, afterwards 
assigned first to the Twelfth, and then to the One 
Hundred and Second Regiment of New York Volun- 
teers, in which regiment he was the senior captain, and 
frequently, for considerable periods, commanded his 
regiment. In December, 1862, he was promoted to be 
lieutenant-colonel of his regiment. 

He participated in the battle of Cedar Mountain 
August 9, 1862; in the battles of the Second Bull Run 
campaign commanded his regiment, and during part of 
the time, at the battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 
3, 1863, his brigade. At this battle he was wounded 
by a musket-ball in the neck and lower jaw, severing the 
nerves on the left side, causing partial paralysis of the 
left side for several months. He rejoined his command, 
then a part of the Army of the Cumberland, in Tennes- 
see, in October, 1863, having his left shoulder and neck- 
bandaged, leading the advance line in the assault on 
Lookout Mountain November 24, 1863, where he re- 
ceived a wound which necessitated the amputation of 
his right leg close to the hip-joint. In this assault the 



major of the regiment, Gilbert M. Elliott, was killed by 
his side. For gallant and meritorious services at the 
battles of Chancellorsville and Lookout Mountain, he 
was brevetted colonel, brigadier-general, and major- 
general of Lmited States volunteers. 

In April, 1865, he was appointed a major in the 
Veteran Reserve Corps, and assigned to duty in Wash- 
ington as assistant commissary-general of prisoners, 
serving as such under both Brevet Major-General W. 
Hoffman and Major- General E. A. Hitchcock, and won 
the earnest commendation of both those officers for the 
"prompt, energetic, and able performance of all the 
duties devolving upon him." In July, 1866, he was 
assigned to duty as inspector-general on the staff of 
Major-General John C. Robinson, commanding the Dis- 
trict of North Carolina, and assistant commissioner of 
the Freedmen's Bureau. He was detailed as president 
of an important military commission and a court-martial, 
but, on account of his legal knowledge and skill in pre- 
senting evidence, was soon made judge-advocate of both 
the military commission and court-martial. Before the 
military commission there were tried man)- important 
cases, — murders, conspiracies, arson, rape, burglary, etc., 
— securing convictions in every case, winning the ap- 
proval and commendation of General Grant and Secre- 
tary Stanton. On the 31st of December, 1870, he was 
placed upon the retired list, with the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel. General Hooker, in commending him to 
Secretary Stanton for promotion, said, " At the battle of 
Lookout Mountain his conduct was especially brilliant, 
as he led the line of skirmishers along the slope of the 
mountain, which resulted in the glorious achievement of 
that field." General George S. Greene, also commend- 
ing him for promotion, said, " Colonel Avery was always 
distinguished for gallantry, intelligence, and energy in 
the discharge of his duties." He was twice recom- 
mended for promotion for gallantry by General Grant. 

The importance of General Avery's services in North 
Carolina during the reconstruction period can hardly be 
over-estimated. The knowledge that there was one 
court constantly open, with a fearless and tireless prose- 
cuting officer, to secure the conviction of criminals, no 
matter how great their political or social influence, soon 
made North Carolina as safe and as free from crime as 
any State in the Union. There can be little doubt that 
if the administration of justice in that State had re- 
mained in General Avery's hands, the crimes of the 
Ku-Klux Klaus in North Carolina would not have been 
committed. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



19 



LIKUTENANT-COLONEL LAWRENCE S. BABBITT. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Lawrence S. Babbitt (Ord- 
nance Department, U.S.A.) was born in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, February iS, 1S39. Appointed cadet-at-large 
at West Point Military Academy July, 1857; graduated 
June, I S6 1, and appointed second lieutenant, Third Ar- 
tillery, June 24, 1 86 1. On October 26, 1861, he was 
transferred to Ordnance Department, and promoted to be 
first lieutenant of ordnance March 3, 1863, and captain 
of ordnance December 22, 1866; major of ordnance 
May 10, 1878, and lieutenant-colonel of ordnance Sep- 
tember 19, 1890. 

He was brevetted first lieutenant, July 21, 1861, for 
gallant and meritorious services at the battle of Bull Run, 
Virginia ; is honorably mentioned in " Records of the 
Rebellion," series 1, vol. ii., pp. 312, 348, 380, 382, and 
in report of Nez Perces campaign, by General Howard, 
1877. Saw service in field with Army of the Potomac, 
1861-63. Took part in Virginia Peninsula campaign as 
assistant ordnance officer. Commanding Louisville Ord- 
nance Depot, 1864 and 1865 ; commanding Vancouver 
Arsenal, 1865 to 1871 ; St. Louis Arsenal, 1S71 to 1876; 
chief ordnance officer Department of Columbia, 1876 to 
1879; in Nez Perces campaign, 1S77 ; Bannock War, 
1878; commanding Fortress Monroe Arsenal, 1S79 to 
1887; San Antonio Arsenal, 1S87 to 1890 ; Benicia Ar- 
senal, 1890 to present date. Staff Positions Held. — As- 
sistant ordnance officer Army of the Potomac, 1862; 
aide-de-camp, 1868 to 1870; chief ordnance officer De- 




partment of Columbia, 1876 to 1879; chief ordnance 
officer Department of Texas, 1887 to 1890. Battles, Skir- 
mishes, Etc. — Engaged in action at Blackburn's Ford, 
July iS, 1861 ; battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861 ; siege 
of Yorktown, Virginia ; skirmishes at Cottonwood 
Ranch, Idaho, July 3, 4, and 5, 1877 ; battle of the Clear- 
water, Idaho, July 12 and 13, 1877; skirmish at Mua- 
tella Agency, Oregon, July 13, 1888. Colonel Babbitt 
is the son of General E. B. Babbitt, U.S.A., deceased, 
who was a graduate of the U. S. Military Academy in 
the class of 1827. 



20 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY regular) 




BREVET MAJOR AND CAPTAIN JOHN B. BABCOCK. 

Brevet Major and Captain John 15. Babcock (Fifth 
Cavalry) was born in New ( Irleans, Louisiana, February 
7, 1843. Major Babcock is descended from an old Rhode 
Island family. His great-great-grandfather, Joshua Bab- 
cock, was twice chief justice of Rhode Island, and major- 
general of Rhode Island militia during the Revolution. 
Major Babcock's great-grandfather, Henry Babcock-, 
served five campaigns in the French and Indian War. 

During the war he served as second lieutenant, first 
lieutenant, adjutant, captain, and major of New York 
State volunteers (One Hundred and Seventy-fourth and 
One Hundred and Sixty-second regiments), and was 
brevetted lieutenant-colonel ; was present with his regi- 
ment in the battles of Plain's Store, Port Hudson, Sabine 
Cross-Roads, Pleasant Hill, Monett's Bluff, Mansura 
Plains, and Yellow Bayou, all in Louisiana; was with 
his regiment under General Grant at the siege of Peters- 
burg, Virginia, and in the campaign of General Sheridan 
in the Shenandoah Valley; was, at the age of twenty- 
two, major and acting adjutant-general of the Military 
District of Savannah and inspector-general First Division, 
Nineteenth Army Corps. 

Since the war, for twenty-five years, this officer has 
served continuously with his troop. For fifteen years 
after the war, Captain Babcock was almost constantly in 
the field, winter and summer, engaged in campaigns of 
the most severe character against hostile Indians. 

The following is a brief statement of the campaigns 
and Indian fights in which this officer has been engaged : 

Continuous campaign with his regiment, under General 
Carr, against the Kiowas and Southern Cheyennes, last- 
ing from November, 1868, to August, 1869; without 
leaving the field, marching from Kansas to Texas and 
back to Nebraska, through the storms of a severe « inter, 
driving the Indians eastward and fighting them at Bea\ er 
Creek and Spring Creek, Nebraska, and Summit Springs, 



Colorado. At Spring Creek his troop, then reduced to 
thirty-three men, was attacked by the whole village of 
Cheyenne and Sioux Indians under Tall Bull. Captain 
Babcock defended the position for two hours, until re- 
lieved by the regiment. At Summit Springs the regi- 
ment captured a camp of eighty-six lodges, killing 
seventy-two Indians, capturing five hundred ponies, and 
releasing two white women captives, and putting an end 
to the war with these bands. 

From November, 1 871, for three years, Captain Bab- 
cock served in Arizona under General Crook, and was 
almost constantly in the field. Having attracted the 
attention of General Crook by successful hard service in 
the mountains, he was kept in the field under general 
instructions to hunt up hostile Indians; was in many 
fights with Apaches ; was twice thanked in general or- 
ders, — G. O. 14 and G. O. 24, Department of Arizona. 
1873; was wounded in the breast by an arrow, and 
recommended for the brevets of lieutenant-colonel and 
colonel. Under date of November 28, 1 S74, General 
Crook writes of this officer as follows: "The official 
records of my department show that, since his first 
assignment to duty, Lieutenant J. B. Babcock has been 
one of the mi >st gallant, efficient, and distinguished officers 
that have ever served in Arizona." 

His last service in Arizona was the military control of 
the turbulent Apaches on the San Carlos Reservation. 

Going north with his regiment, Captain Babcock was 
again in the field, in Northern Wyoming, during the 
winter of 1877, and again from June to December, 1S78, 
and from January, 1879, to the spring of that year. In 
the latter campaign the regiment marched through the 
snows of Northern Nebraska against the Cheyennes. 

In October, 1879, the famous Ute outbreak occurred. 
Captain Babcock marched with his troop, as part of Gen- 
eral Merritt's command, one hundred and seventy miles 
in sixty-five hours, — in time to take part in the relief of 
Major Thornburg's command and the light that followed, 
— remaining in the field until December. 

In 18S5 he marched six hundred miles, and took part in 
the protection of the Kansas border from the threatened 
raids of Southern Cheyennes, remaining in the field all 
the spring and until Jul}-. 

From 1887 to 18S9 Captain Babcock' was assistant 
instructor in the Art of War at the L*. S. Infantry and 
Cavalry School, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In the 
summer of 1889 he was adjutant-general of the Camp of 
Instruction for the troops in the Department of Missouri. 

Since 1889 he has been assistant instructor in the 
Department of Cavalry at the U.S. Infantry and Cavalry 
School, which position he now holds, in addition to the 
command of his tr< k >p. 

He was in the field with his troop at Pine Ridge 
Agency during the Ghost-Dance War last year. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



21 



COMMODORE OSCAR C. BADGER, U. S. NAVY. 

Commodore Oscar C. Badger was forty-three years 
and eleven months upon the active list of the navy. In 
this lengthened period he had twenty-one years and one 
month of sea-service, and one year and three months in 
vessels which were not sea-going. Mis shore duty ex- 
tended to seventeen years and three months ; and he was 
unemployed four years and four months. During one 
year and six months of this " unemployed" time, he was 
ill, — unable to perform duty,— the result of wounds re- 
ceived in the service. 

This is a good record for any officer. 

Commodore Badger was born in the township of Wind- 
ham, Connecticut, August 12, 1823, and was appointed 
midshipman from Pennsylvania, September, 1841. He 
served for three years in the old razee "Independence," 
in the West Indies and Gulf of Mexico, and was then 
attached to the " Saratoga," on the west coast of Africa. 
Served in the attack on the Bereby tribes, when Com- 
modore Perry punished them for piracy, and was in the 
different landing-parties. During the Mexican War he 
Mixed in the steam-frigate "Mississippi," and was in the 
action at Alvarado. He then served on the Brazil Sta- 
tion in the frigate " Brandywine" and the brig " Perry." 
He was navigator of the " Perry," which vessel, during 
the cruise, captured and sent home three vessels engaged 
in the slave-trade. During this time he became a passed 
midshipman. He then served in the Pacific in various 
vessels, — " Supply," " Savannah," and " Vincennes," — and 
upon his return home was in the Hydrographic Depart- 
ment of the Naval Observatory. Promoted master Sep- 
tember 14, 1855, he was made lieutenant the next day. 
Serving on board the sloop "John Adams," in the 
Pacific, he was navigator, and commanded a party from 
that ship which attacked and destroyed the village of 
Vutia, in the Feejee Islands, on account of the piratical 
acts of its inhabitants He was also engaged in successful 
skirmishes with the Feejeeans on other occasions. Lieu- 
tenant Badger afterwards served on the experimental 
cruise of the " Plymouth," the " Macedonian" in the 
Mediterranean, and the flag-ship " Minnesota." 

When the Civil War occurred, he commanded the 
" Anacostia," of the Potomac flotilla, and was in the 
attack upon Cockpit Point, Acquia Creek batteries, and 
several others. He led with the " Anacostia," piloting 
the " Pensacola," under a heavy fire, past the entire line 
of batteries, and was favorably mentioned in despatches. 




Tii the same vessel he was employed at the siege of 
Yorktown and Gloucester Point, and especially men- 
tioned by General McClellan for his services there. 

He became a lieutenant-commander in July, 1862, and 
was in charge of the ordnance for gunboats building on 
the Western waters, 1862-63. After this, as chief ord- 
nance officer of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
he was engaged against the Morris Island batteries. He 
commanded the iron-clad " Patapsco" in the attack on 
Fort Wagner in July, and on Forts Wagner, Gregg, and 
Sumter on August 17 of that year. On the 22d of 
September, he commanded the " Montauk," in the night 
attack on Sumter. Lieutenant-Commander Badger was 
appointed fleet-captain of the squadron upon the death 
of Commander George W. Rodgers, — killed in battle, — 
and was serving in that capacity in the night attack upon 
Sumter, when he was dangerously wounded, his right 
leg being shattered by a metallic splinter. When he 
had partially recovered he served as inspector of ord- 
nance at Philadelphia, and in the same capacity at Pitts- 
burg. 

Commander in July, 1866; and, as commander of the 
" Peoria," received thanks from the Assemblies of An- 
tigua and St. Kitt's for services at the great fire at Basse- 
Terre. Upon his return, was upon equipment duty at 
Portsmouth; and from 1S71 to 1S73 commanded the 
" Ticonderoga," in the South Atlantic. 

Captain, 1872. Commodore, 1881. As commodore 
he was commandant of the Boston Navy- Yard, 1SS2 to 
[885. Retired, 1885. 



22 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




MAJOR CLARENCE MITCHELL BAILEY. 

Major Clarence Mitchell Bailey (Fifteenth Infan- 
try) was born in New York, ami was appointed a second 
lieutenant in the Sixth U. S. Infantry .August 5, 1S61 ; 
promoted a first lieutenant July 14, 1863 ; a captain July 
28, [866; and major July 10, 1891, and assigned to the 
Fifteenth U. S. Infantry. His first military duty was at 
Newport Barracks, Kentucky where he arrived in Sep- 
tember, 1861, and was almost immediately placed in 
command of Company A, permanent party. This posi- 
tion did not last long, as, on the 2ist of the same month, 
he was ordered on duty with Company A, First li.it- 
talion Fifteenth Infantry, also directed to perform the 
duties of A. A 0. M., A. C. S., and adjutant of the bat- 
talion then under orders to report to General Robert 
Anderson, U. S. Volunteers, at Louisville, Kentucky. 
Before leaving Newport he was given, on receipts and 
invoices, one thousand dollars quartermaster and three 
bundled dollars commissary funds. Asking an officer 
what he was to do with this money, he received the 
answer, " Keep it separate, and don't spend one fund in 
payment of the other's debts." 

He arrived in Louisville, and was ordered by General 
Anderson to proceed in the direction of Elizabethtown, 
and report to General Sherman, wherever he might be. 
General Sherman was found at Rolling Forks. Lieuten- 
ant Bailey had provided the command with two days' 
fresh bread, and when he arrived at the river the general 
ordered rations issued ; and as he desired the command to 
reach Muldrow's Hills as soon as possible, the lieutenant 
supposed he considered his way of giving out the bread 
too slow, so the general relieved him of this duty and did 
it himself. He would take a loaf and toss it to a man, say- 
ing, " Here, catch this." The lieutenant hired wagons of 



the farmers, and in due time joined the battalion with 
their tents, etc., etc. After being in camp a few days the 
commanding officer directed him to buy a saddle and 
bridle of a gentleman living near, and to draw a horse 
from the quartermaster's department. All this he did, 
thinking how kind the commanding officer was about 
his being mounted. Alas, for his hopes! As soon as 
they changed camp the commanding officer directed his 
servant to bring that horse saddled to his tent, and in- 
formed the lieutenant that in future he would use it. The 
latter can understand now the action of the former, but 
at that time thought he had been very badly treated. 

The winter was spent on Green River, Kentucky, where 
the Thirty-second Indiana Volunteers had a skirmish with 
some Texas cavalry; some of the Indiana troops were 
killed. The dirge played over the graves of these men 
was the most doleful thing ever heard, and it was thought 
it had a very depressing effect. The troops suffered that 
winter greatly from poorly-cooked rations, bad bread, etc., 
and man)- a man died there who would have lived longer 
had the surroundings been different. The early spring 
found the battalion en route to the Tennessee River, going 
to the rescue of Grant's army. In May they occupied 
Corinth, Mississippi. The Fourth of July was spent at 
I Iuntsville, Alabama. Shortly after the army took up 
the march for Kentucky ; reached Louisville in due time ; 
got a new outfit, and started back. The battalion got 
a taste of Perrysville, ami in December went into that 
memorable fight at Stone River, where so man}' good 
men gave up their lives. 

Lieutenant Bailey was relieved from duty with the 
Fifteenth Infantry in 1863, and joined his own Company 
F, Sixth Infantry, in Washington Park, New York, and 
subsequently spent the winter at Fort Hamilton. 

In Ala}', 1864, he was detailed as judge advocate 
First Division, Department of the Hast. In May, 1865, 
he departed with his company for the Department of the 
Carolinas, and served on the staff of Generals Q. A. 
Gillmore and Chas. Devens as judge advocate. He 
was relieved by General Daniel Sickels. In 1869 he was 
ordered to Fort Gibson, Idaho Territory. He joined 
the Eighth Infantry by assignment in March, 1 S7 1 , at 
David's Island. He spent the winter of 1 871-72 at 
Chicago; went to Utah in Ala)', 1872 ; to Arizona in July, 
1S74; on the Bannock campaign in 1878, and assigned 
to command of Fort Bidwell, California, the same year. 
I He was on duty at Angel Island from September, 1881, 
to September, 1S84; then at San Diego until January 2, 
1886; in Arizona until the following November ; then 
to Fort Bridger, Wyoming. The next July found him 
at Fort Robinson, Nebraska. Here he remained until 
March, l89I,when he was ordered to Pine Ridge, South 
Dakota, and remained there until he joined his new sta- 
tion, Fort Sheridan, Illinois. 



117/0 SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



REAR-ADMIRAL THEODORUS BAILEY. 

Rear-Admiral Theodokus Bailey was born at 
Chateaugay, New York, in April, 1805. He came of 
good colonial stock, his grandfather, John Bailey, 
being the first to hoist the Revolutionary flag in New 
Yorlc. He also commanded the Second Dutches-, 
County Regiment. 

Theodorus Bailey witnessed the battle of Plattsburg, 
when he was nine years old, General Mooers, a relative, 
being engaged therein. Appointed midshipman, 1S18. 
Served on the coast of Africa, the Pacific, and the West 
Indies. A lieutenant in 1827, he made a cruise round 
the world, in the " Vincennes." 1 le was then transferred 
to the " Constellation," and made a second cruise round 
the world, being absent three years and eight months. 
In 1S46 Lieutenant Bailey commanded the store-ship 
" Lexington," on the Mexican and Californian coasts. 
A company of artillery was taken out from New York as 
passengers, — Captain Tompkins in command; the late 
General Sherman, first lieutenant ; and the second lieu- 
tenant was General E. O. C. < >rd. General Hal leek, then 
lieutenant of engineers, was also a passenger. The" Lex- 
ington" did good service on the west coast, especially at 
La Paz. She blockaded San Bias, and finally captured 
that town, after a brisk fight. Lieutenant Bailey was made 
commander, 1849. In 1855 commanded the" St. Mary's," 
in the Pacific. In the same year was commissioned cap- 
tain. A long and useful cruise terminated with the 
settlement of serious troubles at Panama. In 1861 Cap- 
tain Bailey was ordered to command the " Colorado," 
joining Farragut at the mouth of the Mississippi. It 
was found that the frigate, even if lightened, could not 
cross the bar; so Captain Bailey, although an invalid, 
and against the advice of the surgeon, obtained permis- 
sion for himself and many of his guns, men, and officers 
to be transferred to other lighter vessels. Finally he ob- 
tained command of the leading division in the passage 
of the forts below New Orleans, hoisting his flag in the 
" Cayuga." His part in those events is too well known 
to require repetition. When the fleet arrived off New 
Orleans he went, accompanied by Lieutenant George 
Perkins, to demand an unconditional surrender from the 
mayor, a mission so hazardous as to be quoted as one 
of the most gallant acts performed during the whole war. 
The description of their reception by the mob of des- 
peradoes is most thrilling, and how those two brave men 
escaped assassination will always be a wonder. His con- 
duct as leader of the first division elicited the highest 
encomiums from both superiors and subordinates, which 
space forbids our placing here, even in condensed terms. 
What Farragut thought of him was shown by his selec- 
tion of him to bear to the government at Washington 
the despatches and the reports of the successful opera- 




tions. After his arrival at the capital, he described upon 
the floor of the Senate Chamber the capture of New 
( (rleans. 

In June, 1862, Captain Bailey was ordered to com- 
mand the Last Gulf Squadron, as acting rear-admiral. 
He was engaged in the important blockade of Florida, 
capturing prizes, destroying the illicit traffic so exten- 
sively carried on, at that time, between the Gulf ports and 
the West Indies, and securing supplies designed for the 
Confederate service. Admiral Porter remarks: "The 
command of this station, although a compliment to Ad- 
miral Bailey, was scarcely a reward commensurate with 
his character and services. He was not a man whose 
appearance would attract attention, except from those 
who could appreciate the honest and simple character 
of our old-time naval officer; but he was a man who had 
no superior in the navy in point of dash, energy, and 
courage ; and if he had ever had the opportunity of com- 
manding a fleet in action, he would have done it with the 
coolness and bravery of Nelson. No higher compliment 
could be paid him." 

When Farragut was preparing for his attack on Mobile, 
he evinced his appreciation of Bailey by offering him the 
same position he had filled in the Mississippi. Bailey 
accepted with enthusiasm, asking " to be put down for 
two chances." But, unfortunately, a severe attack of yel- 
low fever sent him North before the attack was made, and 
he passed a long convalescence in the peaceful command 
of the old naval station at Sag Harbor, instead of leading 
Farragut's van. 

He was made rear-admiral in 1866, and commanded 
the navy-yard at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, from 1865 
to 1867. His last service was as a member of the Ex- 
amining Board at Washington, in which city he died in 
February, 1877. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARM)' AND NAVY < regular) 




BRIGADIER AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL ABSA- 
LOM BA1RD (retired). 

Brigadier and Brevet Major-General Absalom 
Baird was born in Pennsylvania August 20, 1824, and 
graduated at the U. S. Military Academy July 1, 1S49. 
1 le was promoted brevet second lieutenant of the Second 
Artillery the .same day, and second lieutenant of the 
First Artillery April I, 1S50. After serving at Fort 
Monroe and Fort Columbus, he participated in the 
Florida hostilities against the Seminole Indians until 
1S53, when he was detailed at the U. S. Military Acad- 
emy as assistant professor of mathematics until Sep- 
tember 9, 1856, when he was made principal assistant 
of the same branch. In 1859-60 he was on frontier 
duty at Fort Brown and Ringgold Barracks, Texas, ami 
in 1860-61 in garrison at Fort Monroe. 

lie was promoted first lieutenant December 24, 1S53, 
and served in command of a light battery in the de- 
fence of Washington from March 10 t<> May 11, 1861, 
when he was placed on duty as assistant in the Ad- 
jutant-General's Office at Washington and brevet cap- 
tain of the staff. lie was adjutant-general <>f General 
Tyler's division in the defence of Washington, and par- 
ticipated in the Manassas campaign of 1861, being en- 
gaged in the action at Blackburn's Ford and battle of 
First Bull Run, July 21 of that year. On the 3d of 
August, 1861, he was appointed captain and assistant 
adjutant-general, and until March, 1S62, was assistant 
in the Adjutant-General's Department, and on inspection 
duty in the War Department. 

Captain Baird was appointed major and assistant in- 
spector-general November 12, 1S61, and was assigned to 
duty as inspector-general and chief of staff of the Fourth 



Corps (Army of the Potomac), participating in the Vir- 
ginia Peninsula campaign of 1862, being engaged in the 
siege of Yorktown, and battle of Williamsburg. I le was 
appointed brigadier-general of volunteers April 28, 1862, 
and was in command of the Seventeenth Brigade (Army 
of the Ohio) from May to September, 1862, being en- 
gaged in the capture of Cumberland Gap, and its occu- 
pation until evacuated. Then he was assigned to com- 
mand the Third Division (Army of Kentucky) about 
Lexington ami Danville, Kentucky, to January, 1S63, 
when he participated in the operations in Tennessee in 
1863, being engaged in the defence of Franklin and re- 
pulse of Van Dorn's assault on the place. 

General Baird took' part in General Rosecrans's Ten- 
nessee campaign of 1 863, and was in the advance on 
Tullahoma and capture of Shelbyville. Crossing the 
Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, was en- 
gaged in the action at Dug Gap, Pigeon Mountain, 
Georgia ; battle of Chickamauga, where he especially 
distinguished himself; skirmish at Rossville, and oc- 
cupation of Chattanooga, Tennessee, to October 10, 

1563. Lie was in command of a division of the Four- 
teenth Arm) - Corps in the occupation and operations 
about Chattanooga, Tennessee, and engaged in the battle 
of Missionary Ridge, and pursuit of the enemy to Ring- 
gold. He made a reconnoissance towards Dalton, 
Georgia, skirmishes at Tunnel Hill April 29 and May 2, 

1564. He pursued the enemy with constant skirmishing 
to May 28, 1864, and participated eventually in the 
Atlanta campaign, being engaged in all the battles and 
actions pertaining to that memorable march, termi- 
nating with the march through the Carolinas and the 
surrender of the rebel army under General Joseph E. 
Johnston, at Durham Station, North Carolina, April 26, 
1S65. 

General Baird was brevetted lieutenant-colonel for 
" gallant and meritorious services at the battle of Chicka- 
mauga, Georgia ;" colonel for the same, " at the battle 
of Chattanooga, Tennessee ;" brigadier-general for the 
same, "in the capture of Atlanta, Georgia;" major-gen- 
eral for the same, " in the field during the Rebellion." 
He was also brevetted major-general of U. S. Volunteers 
September 1, 1S64, for "faithful services and distin- 
guished conduct during the Atlanta campaign, and par- 
ticularly in the battles of Resaca and fonesborough, and 
lor general good conduct in command of his division 
against Savannah." 

Alter the war closed, General Baird occupied man)' 
important positions too numerous to mention here. He 
filled the sever, il grades of major, lieutenant-colonel, and 
colonel in the Inspector-General's Department, and was 
appointed brigadier-general ( inspector-general j Septem- 
ber 22, 1885, and on the 20th of August, 188S, was re- 
tired from active service by operation of law. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JOHN W. BARLOW. 

Lieutenant-Colonel John W. Barlow (Corps of 
Engineers) was born in New York June 26, 1838, and 
graduated at the Military Academy May 6, 1861. He 
was promoted second lieutenant of the Second Artillery 
same day; promoted first lieutenant May 15, 1861, and 
transferred to the Topographical Engineers July 24, 1862. 
He served in the field with the Army of the Potomac, 
participating in the Peninsula campaign of 1862, and 
was engaged in the battles around Richmond, Virginia, 
especially at Malvern Hill, remaining with the rear-guard 
during the movement of the army to the James River, 
and the transfer of the army to the defences of Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Colonel Barlow was detailed as assistant professor of 
Mathematics and Ethics at the Military Academy from 
September, 1862, to June 18, 1863, when he was ordered 
on duty with the Engineer Battalion of the Army of 
the Potomac to February 17, 1S64, being engaged in 
constructing the bridge over the Potomac River at Berlin, 
Maryland, July 18, 1863; in laying, repairing, and guard- 
ing bridges over the Rappahannock River, August 1-23, 
1863; over Bull Run, at Blackburn's Ford, October 17, 
1863; and across the Rappahannock, at Kelly's Ford, 
November 7, 1863. He was engaged in the Mine Run 
operations from November 26 to December 3, 1863, and 
in making roads and reconnoissances, building block- 
houses and erecting defensive works. 

Colonel Barlow was again detailed as assistant pro- 
fessor of mathematics at the Military Academy from 
February 26 to June 20, 1864. He was promoted cap- 
tain July 3, 1S63, and in the summer of 1864 was or- 
dered to the armies of the West, participating in the 
Georgia campaign from July 12 to August 27, 1864, as 
chief engineer of the Seventeenth Army Corps, and was 
at the latter date granted leave of absence to November 
13, 1864, when he rejoined, and was placed in charge of 
the defences of Nashville, Tennessee, where he remained 
until October, 1865. 

He participated in the Pennsylvania campaign, and was 
engaged at the battle of Gettysburg ; and in the Georgia 
campaign, and engaged in the battle of Atlanta, July 22, 




1864, and siege of Atlanta to August 27, 1864, including 
the repulse of the sortie of July 28, 1864. 

He was brevetted captain May 27, 1862, for " gallant 
and meritorious services in the battle of Hanover Court- 
House, Virginia;" major July 4, 1864, for "gallant and 
meritorious services in the Atlanta campaign ;" and lieu- 
tenant-colonel March 13, 1865, for " gallant and merito- 
rious services in the battles before Nashville, Tennessee." 

At the close of the war, Colonel Barlow was detailed 
as superintending engineer of the construction of Fort 
Clinch, Florida, from October 20, 1865, to November 
19, 1867. He was at this time transferred to the same 
duty at Burlington, Vt, as Superintending Engineer of 
Fort Montgomery, New York, and harbor improvements 
on Lake Champlain to May 30, 1870. He was pro- 
moted major of Engineers April 23, 1869, and lieutenant- 
colonel March 19, 1884. 

His duties as an officer of Engineers have required his 
services at Chicago, New London, Milwaukee, Chatta- 
nooga, Nashville, and other stations from 1S70 to the 
present time, he being now employed as Commissioner 
and Engineer-in-Chief upon the relocation of the Inter- 
national Boundary between the United States and Mexico. 



26 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN AND BREVET COLONEL ALBERT BARNITZ. 

Captain axd Brevet Colonel Albert Barnitz (re- 
tired) was born at Everett, Bedford County, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 10, 1835. At the breaking out of the war 
of the Rebellion he was pursuing the study of law, in 
the office of an eminent jurist, at Minneapolis, Minne- 
sota, whither he had gone from Cleveland, Ohio, after 
some preparatory study at Kenyon College, and in a 
local law-school. But the importunate beating of war- 
drums, and the startling cry, " to arms !" caused him to 
relinquish his cherished opportunities and to hasten back- 
to Cleveland, where, waiving all claims to immediate pre- 
ferment, he at once enlisted as a private soldier in the 
Second Ohio Cavalry, then organizing on University 
Heights, — but was later enrolled as a sergeant. 

The regiment with which he was now associated 
had a remarkable and altogether exceptional career. It 
served in five different armies, under twenty-four gen- 
erals, and campaigned through thirteen States and the 
Indian Territory ; fought in ninety-five battles and minor 
engagements, and marched an aggregate distance of 
twenty-seven thousand miles. 

Captain Barnitz, meanwhile, won his way, step by step, 
to the rank of major. The command of the regiment, 
however, devolved upon him at a critical time, while he 
yet held the rank of captain, and throughout the entire 
.Appomattox campaign, wherein the regiment under the 
eye of Custer, and justifying his enthusiastic commen- 
dation, habitually led the charge, or bore the brunt of 
onset, in every desperate crisis ; and in the battles of 
Dinwiddie Court-House, Five Forks, Sailor's Creek, and 
Appomattox Station, well sustained its old time prestige, 
and fought with even more than its accustomed valor ; 



;' crowning its achievements by the spirited repulse, at 
Appomattox Court-House, of the attempted sortie of a 
confederate cavalry brigade, while efforts towards capitu- 
lation were in progress. 

It is historically stated that " from the 27th of March 
to the surrender of Lee" (Colonel Barnitz being mean- 
while in command) "the Second captured, and turned 
over to the provost-marshal, eighteen pieces of artillery, 
one hundred and eighty horses, seventy army wagons, 
nine hundred prisoners, and small-arms not counted." 

Upon the reorganization of the army, in 1866, Colonel 
Barnitz was commissioned captain of G Troop, Seventh 
U. S. Cavalry, and subsequently brevetted major, lieuten- 
ant-colonel, and colonel, in the regular army. 

He served with the Seventh Cavalry, and in command 
of his troop and detachments, on independent scouts 
and other expeditions, in Indian campaigns in Kansas, 
Colorado, Texas, and the Indian Territory ; marching 
many thousand miles, and participating in numerous 
engagements with the Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Apaches, 
Kiowas, Comanches, and Sioux. He was with General 
Hancock's Expedition on the Plains, in the spring of 
1867, and participated in the seizure and destruction of 
the Cheyenne village. He was with General Sully in 
pursuit of the hostile tribes to the border of the Staked 
Plains, and in attendant engagements in 1868. He ac- 
companied General Custer on the toilsome campaign, 
through blizzards and trackless snow, which culminated 
at the battle of Washita, Indian Territory, November 
2j, 1868, in which engagement Colonel Barnitz, at day- 
break, led the attack from below the village, and later, 
while separated from his command, in an effort to head 
off a large party of Indians escaping to their ponies, 
killed, in a hand-to-hand encounter, three warriors, by 
one of whom he had been previously shot through the 
body, just below the heart, — the wound being pro- 
nounced mortal, at the time, by the surgeons present. 
The colonel was twice seriously wounded during the war 
of the Rebellion. lie was retired from active service 
December 15, 1870, and makes his occasional home at 
Cleveland, Ohio. lie was admitted to the bar in 1881, 
but has never engaged in active practice of the law, as 
he prefers to travel with his family, and meanwhile writes 
occasional letters for the Cleveland Leader. He has 
gained some celebrity as a poet, having written several 
war-poems of remarkable vigor, and others not less meri- 
torious. His graphic war-correspondence for the Cin- 
cinnati Commercial, over the signature " A. B," is still 
favorably remembered. 

Colonel Barnitz is a son of Dr. Martin E. Barnitz 
and Martha McClintic, of Chambersburgh, Pa., who 
emigrated to Ohio in 1835. He is also a grandson 
of Captain John McClintic, renowned in the war of 
1 81 2. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



27 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL AND BREVET BRIGADIER- 
GENERAL JOHN W. BARR1GER. 

Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Brigadier-Gen- 
eral John W. Barriger (Assistant Commissary-General 
of Subsistence) was born in Kentucky, and appointed a 
cadet at the U. S. Military Academy, from the same State, 
on the 1st of September, 1S52. He was graduated, and 
appointed a second lieutenant in the Second U. S. Artil- 
lery, July 1, 1856. 

Lieutenant Barriger served at the artillery school at 
Fort Monroe, Virginia, in 1857-59, anc ' > n Light Com- 
pany A, of his regiment, in 1859-61. In May, 1861, 
being then on duty in the defences of Washington, he 
was assigned to the command of Fort Ellsworth, the 
principal earthwork in front of Alexandria, Virginia, 
which he armed and equipped. He served in the Man- 
assas campaign of July, 1861, as first lieutenant of Light 
Company D, Second Artillery, commanded by Captain 
Richard Arnold, and was engaged with his battery in 
the battle of Bull Run, Virginia, fought on the 2ist of 
July, 1861, for which he was brevetted captain, "for gal- 
lant and meritorious services," to date from July 21, 
1 Siii. On the 3d of August, 1 861, Lieutenant Barriger 
was appointed a commissar) - of subsistence with the rank 
of captain, and ordered to Indianapolis, Indiana, for duty as 
chief commissary of subsistence for the volunteer troops 
being raised in the State of Indiana. On the 30th of 
November, 1861, he was relieved from duty at Indian- 
apolis, and assigned as chief commissary of subsistence 
of the Department of Western Virginia, commanded by 
General W. S. Rosecrans. From July to November, 

1862, after the discontinuance of the Department of 
Western Virginia, he was engaged in inspecting sub- 
sistence depots in the Middle Department, and in for- 
warding subsistence stores from Baltimore to Frederick, 
Maryland, for the use of the Arm}- of the Potomac during 
the Antietam campaign. In December, 1862, he was 
ordered to report to General J. D. Cox, commanding the 
District of West Virginia, for duty as chief commissary 
of subsistence of that district. Upon the discontinuance 
of the District of West Virginia in April, 1863, he was 
ordered to report to General Ambrose E. Burnside, 
commanding the Department of the Ohio, for inspection 
duty. He was engaged in inspecting subsistence depots 
in the States of Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and 
Kentucky from April to November, 1S63. In November, 

1863, Captain Barriger was appointed a commissary of 
subsistence of volunteers with the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel, and ordered to report to General John G. Foster, 
at Cincinnati, Ohio, and accompany him to Knoxville, 
Tennessee, for duty as chief commissary of subsistence 
of the Department of the Ohio. Lieutenant-Colonel 
Barriger, upon arriving at Knoxville in December, 
1863, just after the raising of the siege, found the Army 




of the Ohio at a distance of one hundred and fifty miles 
from its depot of supplies, at Camp Nelson, Kentucky, 
which was accessible by mountain wagon-roads only, then 
nearly impassable for loaded wagons. It was quickly per- 
ceived that a better route of transportation must speedily 
be opened to, or the troops withdrawn from, East Ten- 
nessee. With the view of opening the route from Chat- 
tanooga to East Tennessee, Lieutenant-Colonel Barriger 
proceeded to Chattanooga, under the orders and instruc- 
tions of General Foster, for conference with General 
George H. Thomas, commanding the Department and 
Army of the Cumberland. The result of this conference 
was an early opening of the railway to Loudon, and the 
occupancy of East Tennessee was thereby made possible 
and permanent. General Foster was the 1st of Febru- 
ary, 1864, compelled by ill health to ask to be relieved of 
his command. He was succeeded by General Schofield, 
on whose staff Lieutenant-Colonel Barriger served as 
chief commissary of subsistence until the close of the 
Civil War, which found the command in North Carolina. 

Since the close of the Civil War, General Barriger has 
performed duty as chief commissary of subsistence of the 
Department of Platte, Department of South, and Depart- 
ment of Missouri ; as purchasing and depot commissary 
of subsistence at Louisville, Ky., Cincinnati, O., Chicago, 
111., and St. Louis, Mo. ; and for six years as assistant to 
the commissary-general of subsistence at Washington, 
D.C. He attained his present grade — viz., assistant com- 
missary-general of subsistence, with the rank of lieuten- 
ant colonel — March 12, 1892. In recognition of his ser- 
vices during the Civil War, he received, in addition to the 
brevet of captain heretofore mentioned, the brevets of 
major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel, and brigadier-general. 

General Barriger is the author of " Legislative History 
of the Subsistence Department of the United States 
Army from June 15, 1775, to August 15, 1876," and is 
a companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. 



28 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




MAJOR HENRY ANTHONY BARTLETT, U.S.M.C. 

Major Henry Anthony Bartlett was born in Paw- 
tuxet, Rhode Island, and was appointed to the Marine 
Corps from that State. He served in the First Regi- 
ment Rhode Island Volunteers, under General A. E. 
Burnside; on its being mustered out of service he was 
appointed a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps Sep- 
tember 8, 1S61; Port Royal Marine Battalion, under 
Major John George Reynolds, which left Washington, 
October 16, 1861, on board the transport steamer " Gov- 
ernor," which foundered at sea, November 3, i86i,off 
the coast of North Carolina; all but seven of the four 
hundred marines were rescued by the frigate "Sabine," 
Captain Cadwalader Ringgold, commanding ; Fort Clinch 
and Fernandina expedition, February, 1862; St. Augus- 
tine expedition, March, 1S62. 

Commissioned first lieutenant November 26, 1861; 
stationed at marine barracks, Boston, April, 1862, to 
July, 1862; commanding guard of the ironclad frigate 
" New Ironsides," from July, 1S62, to August, 1864; in 
charge of after-division of two eleven-inch guns, manned 
by the marine guard, at bombardment of Morris Island, 
Sumter, and Moultrie. April 7, 1863, Flag-Officer DuPont 
aboard " Ironsides" as his flagship ; in twenty-six other 
engagements with Forts Wagner, Gregg, Sumter, Moul- 
trie, Bee, and other forts ami batteries in Charleston 



harbor; commanded a battalion of three hundred and 
twenty marines and one hundred and twenty sailors that 
lauded at Morris Island, Jul)', 1863, as a storming-party ; 
in command of a battalion of marines on expedition 
to St. John's River and Jacksonville, February, 1S64; 
marine barracks, Brooklyn, August, 1 864, to March, 1 865 ; 
1S64-65, commanded troops and assisted the revenue 
officers in breaking up whiskey distilleries; receiving- 
ship " North Carolina," from March, 1865, to Septem- 
ber, 1865 ; marine barracks, Boston, September, 1865, to 
March, 1 866 ; steam frigate " Chattanooga," special cruise, 
March, 1 S66, to September, 1866; steam sloop " Sacra- 
mento," special cruise, September, 1866, to November, 
1867 ; aboard at the time she was wrecked on the Coro- 
mandel coast, Bay of Bengal, India. 

Commissioned a captain November 29, 1867; marine 
barracks, Boston, December 6, 1867, to September, 1868 ; 
fleet marine officer flagship " Contoocook," September, 
1868, to ( )ctober, 1869; marine barracks, Boston, De- 
cember 6, 1S69. to February 4, 1S70; receiving-ship 
"Vermont," February 10, 1870, to September 23, 1870; 
special duty on Tehuantepec surveying expedition, under 
command of Captain Shufeldt, September, 1870, to Sep- 
tember, 1 87 i; receiving-ship " Vermont," October, 1 87 1, 
to June, 1872; fleet marine officer flagship " Hartford," 
Asiatic Station, October, 1872, to October, 1875 ; judge- 
advocate, Navy and Marine Corps, from November, 1875, 
to August, 1879; head-quarters Marine Corps, Washing- 
ton, D. C, August, 1879, to February 26, 1880; training- 
ship " Minnesota," March 1, 1880, to August 8, 1881; 
commanding head-quarters Marine Corps, Washington, 
.August 12, 1 88 1, to November 21, 1881 ; special duty 
Navy Department, November, 1881, to March, 1882; 
receiving-ship " Colorado," March, 18S2, to September 
1, 1883 ; fleet marine officer flagship " Trenton," Asiatic 
Station, September 1, 1S83, to September 22, 1886; 
commanding marine barracks, Norfolk, Virginia, January 
1, 1887, to April 16, 1887; commanding marine bar- 
racks, Annapolis, Maryland, April 20, 1887, to April 1, 
1 89 1 ; graduated at the Torpedo School, Newport, Rhode 
Island, [888. 

Commissioned major January 29, 1891 ; commanding 
marine barracks, League Island, from April I, 1891, to 
June, 1 89 1 ; commanding marine barracks, Mare Island, 
August 1, 1891. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



29 



MEDICAL-DIRECTOR NEWTON L. BATES. 

Dr. Bates was born in New York, and appointee! 
assistant surgeon from that State in July, 1861. His 
first service was at the Naval Hospital at New York. 
He then served in the " Seneca," in the South Atlantic 
Squadron, in 1861-62. 

He was on duty at the Naval Laboratory at New York 
in 1862-63. That was then a very busy place, and to fill 
the requisitions required the devoted exertions of those 
on duty there, — while it is a kind of duty requisite for 
the completeness of naval outfits which seldom receives 
recognition. 

Dr. Bates then went to the Mississippi, and served in 
the ironclad " Benton" in 1863-64, partaking in her work 
during that time. He was again stationed at the Naval 
Laboratory from 1864 to 1867. He was commissioned 
as surgeon September, 1865, and served in the " Ports- 
mouth" during 1867-68, and the " Swatara" during 1868 
-69. He went directly to the " Miantonomah," and 
served in her in 1869-70. He was attached to the 
U. S. S. "Pawnee" in 1870-71, and to the navy-yard at 
Norfolk, Virginia, from 1871 to 1873. He was fleet- 
surgeon on board the flagship " Brooklyn," of the South 
Atlantic Squadron (Admiral Leroy), from 1873 to 1876. 
For two years after this he was attached to the " Min- 
nesota." He was a member of the Board of Examiners, 
187S-80. 

Dr. Bates was made medical inspector in January, 




1 88 1, and was in charge of the Naval Hospital at Yoko- 
hama, Japan, for some time ; after which he served in the 
flagship " Lancaster" as fleet-surgeon up to 1S84. 

Coming to the East again, he was for three years on 
special duty at Washington, where he made many friends 
by his skilful treatment and sympathy with his patients. 
He next served in three flagships, — the " Trenton" in 
1SS7, the " Richmond" in iSSS, and the " Pensacola" in 
the same year. He became medical director in Septem- 
ber, 1888. Since then he has been in charge of the 
Naval Hospital at Mare Island, California. 



30 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN WILLIAM H. BECK. 

Captain - William H. Beck (Tenth Cavalry) was 
born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At the first call for 
troops by the President, at the breaking out of the war 
of the Rebellion, he entered the volunteer service as 
corporal of Company B, Tenth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
April [6, 1861, and was honorably discharged July 29, 



1 86 1. He then re-entered the service as quartermaster- 
sergeant of the Sixth Illinois Cavalry, September 21, 1S61, 
and promoted first lieutenant October 21, 1862. 

He served in the armies of the West, in the field, and 
was engaged in action at Coldwater, Mississippi, October 
21, 1862, where he was severely wounded, and resigned 
his volunteer commission February 28, 1863. 

Captain Beck did not again enter the service during the 
war, but was appointed to the regular service, as second 
lieutenant of the Tenth Cavalry, June 18, 1867, and was 
promoted first lieutenant December 11, [867. He served 
in the field in Mexico and Arizona, participating in nu- 
merous campaigns, and was engaged in actions against 
numerous Apache Indians at Sierra Carmen, Mexico, 
November 1, 1877. He participated in action with 
Victorio, at Tenajos de los Palmos, Texas, Jul} - 30, 
[880, and also with the same at Rattlesnake Canon, 
August 6, 1880. He also participated in the capture of 
the Chiricahua Indians at Fort Apache, Arizona, August 
30, 1886. 

Captain Beck performed the duties of adjutant of the 
Sixth Illinois Cavalry from November 1, 1862, to Febru- 
ary 28, 1863, and was acting assistant quartermaster of 
the district in 1880. He was promoted captain Tenth 
Cavalry December 23, 1887. 

In 1892 his regiment was ordered to the Department 
of Dakota, and is now en route to stations therein. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



3i 



COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL AMOS 

BECKWITH (RETIRED). 

Colonel and Brevet Major-General Amos Beck- 
witii was born in Vermont on the 4th of October, 1825, 
and was graduated from the Military Academy July I, 
1850. lie was promoted a brevet second lieutenant in 
the artillery, and served in the hostilities against the 
Seminole Indians, in Florida, from 1850 to 1853, in the 
mean time having been promoted to second lieutenant, 
First U. S. .Artillery, February 22, 1 851. He served at 
Forts Monroe and McIIenry during the years of 1853-55, 
and was promoted to first lieutenant August 21, 1854. 

After having served at Fort Monroe, Key West, and 
Barrancas, he was ordered on frontier at Fort Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, from which place he was ordered, at the 
commencement of the Rebellion, to Washington, 'D. C, 
being a first lieutenant at the time in Colonel Magruder's 
battery of light artillery. In less than one year he and 
thirteen either officers were taken from that regiment for 
the Staff Corps, he being appointed captain and com- 
missary of subsistence May 10, 1861, and performing 
the duties of chief depot commissary of subsistence at 
Washington, D. C, to January 15, 1864, having been, 
during that time, promoted major September 29, 1861, 
and colonel and additional aide-de-camp January 1, 1862, 
holding the latter appointment until May 31, 1866. 

Colonel Beckwith was engaged cm a tour of inspection 
of the commissary department in the Department of Ohio, 
the Cumberland, Tennessee, and the Gulf, from February 
5 to April 13, 1864, and from April, 1864, to July, 1865, 
he was chief commissary of subsistence of the military 
division of the Mississippi, on the staff of Major-Gen- 
eral Sherman, being present with his armies in their 
battles, marches, etc. His labors were not confined to 
his own duties, but he often aided others, — acting in the 
quartermaster's department when requested or necessi- 
tated to do so. 

He was made brevet lieutenant-colonel and brevet 
colonel September I, 1864, "for gallant and meritorious 
services in the campaign against Atlanta, Georgia ;" 
brevet brigadier-general U. S. Volunteers, January 12, 
1865; brevet brigadier-general U. S. Army, March 13, 
1865, "for gallant and meritorious service in the cam- 
paign terminating with the surrender of the insurgent 
army under General Joseph E. Johnston ;" brevet major- 
general U. S. Army, March 13, 1865, "for faithful and 
meritorious service in the subsistence department during 
the Rebellion." 



After the close of field operations he went to St. Louis, 
Missouri, then served as supervising commissary of sub- 
sistence for the Department of the Gulf States and depot 
commissary of subsistence, New Orleans, Louisiana ; 
as chief commissary of subsistence, Department of the 
Gulf, of the Fifth Military I )istrict ( Louisiana and Texas), 
and in other important capacities in the Southern and 
Southwestern States. During his tour of duty in New 
Orleans, Louisiana, he passed through a disastrous yel- 
low-fever epidemic which nearly terminated his career. 

General Beckwith served as chief commissary, Depart- 
ment of the Gulf, to March 28, 1874. Having been pro- 
moted lieutenant-colonel and assistant commissary-gen- 
eral of subsistence June 23, 1874, he was ordered to 
Washington, D. C, in the office of the commissary-general 
of subsistence, and, after a few months, took station at 
St. Louis, Missouri, as purchasing and depot commis- 
sary, where he remained from June 7, 1875, to October 
4. 1889. 

On the 28th (if August, 1888, he was promoted colonel 
and assistant commissary-general of subsistence, and was 
retired from active service, by operation of law, October 
4. 1889. 

The following is taken from an editorial in the Army 
and Navy Journal upon the retirement of General Beck- 
with : 

" Although not connected directly with the Army of 
the Potomac, General McClellan, in his official report, 
handsomely refers to the valuable services of this officer. 
So highly was he regarded by the late President Lincoln, 
who knew him intimately, that a position in the adjutant- 
general's department, afterwards filled by General Drum, 
was tendered him, and also, about the same time, a 
position in the quartermaster's department. At the 
solicitation of prominent officials, he was induced to 
accept, in preference, a place in the subsistence depart- 
ment. Naturally of a meditative habit of mind, reserved 
and uncommunicative, General Beckwith's real ability 
was not always understood until necessity for action 
gave opportunity for the manifestation of his energy and 
persistence of purpose. Then difficulties seemed to in- 
tensify his force, and no temporary defeat could turn 
him from his purpose. Rising always to the greatness 
of the occasion, he never failed in the performance of 
his duties, whatever their magnitude. With his retire- 
ment from active service, the subsistence department 
loses one of the ablest officers of the United States 
Army, and one whose devotion to the obligations of 
duty and honor is an example to others." 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL GEORGE E. BELKNAP. 

Rear-Admiral George E. Belknap was born in New 
Hampshire in January, 1832, and appointed midshipman 
from that State in October, 1847. After serving in the 
African and Pacific Squadrons, he went to the Naval 
Academy, and became passed midshipman in 1853. After 
serving on the Coast Survey, and as acting master of 
two sloops-of-war, he was promoted master in 1855, and 
lieutenant in the same year. After short shore-service, 
he went to China in the " Portsmouth ;" commanded a 
howitzer-launch at the capture of the Barrier Forts, in 
the Canton River, November, 1856. The forts were four 
in number, and mounted one hundred and seventy-six- 
guns of all kinds. He assisted in undermining and 
blowing up these works after capture. In 1861 he com- 
manded the boats of the " St. Louis" at both reinforce- 
ments of Fort Pickens. While attached to the " Huron," 
in 1861-62, he was in the expedition against Fernandina, 
St. John's, St. Mary's, St. Augustine, etc. 

Lieutenant-commander July, 1862. Executive-officer 
of the " New Ironsides" in twenty-seven engagements 
with Forts Wagner, Sumter, Moultrie, Batteries Bee, 
Beauregard, etc., of the defences of Charleston. After 
commanding gunboat " Seneca," he commanded the iron- 
clad " Canonicus" in two actions with the Howlett Horse- 
Battery in December, 1864, and at both battles of Fort 
Fisher, taking the advanced position. .After the capture 
of Fort Fisher he proceeded to Charleston, and, after 
firing the last shot at its defences, was present at the 
evacuation. He then went to Havana, with Admiral 
Gordon, in quest of the ironclad " Stonewall." 



Commanded " Shenandoah," in Asiatic Squadron, in 
1 866-67. 

Commander July, 1S66. Commanded "Hartford," 
Asiatic Squadron flagship, 1867-68. During this time 
commanded expedition against Formosan natives. After 
a tour of shore duty was ordered to command of " Tus- 
carora," and went to the Pacific. Co-operated with Sel- 
fridge's party in the Darien survey. In May, 1873, in 
command of " Tuscarora," went to make deep-sea sound- 
ings between the western coast of the United States and 
the coast of Japan, to test the feasibility of a submarine 
cable. I lis adaptation of Sir William Thomson's ma- 
chine, and his success in obtainim? soundings with wire 
at great depths, are well known. He ascertained the 
" true continental outline" from Cape Flattery to San 
Diego, and ran a line of soundings from San Diego to 
Yokohama, I'l/i the Hawaiian and Brown Islands, and 
from Yokohama to Cape Flatten", via the Aleutian 
Islands. Off the Japan coast he found the most ex- 
traordinary depths ever known, — more than five and 
one-fourth statute miles. He is the inventor of several 
cylinders for bringing specimens from ocean-bed, which 
are in use in the naval service and the coast survey. 

For these successes he received the public and em- 
phatic recognition of Sir William Thomson and many 
other scientific men. 

Commander Belknap was senior officer present at 
Honolulu when serious political disturbances arose, and 
he landed a force from the " Tuscarora" and the " Ports- 
mouth" which preserved order for several days. For 
this he had the thanks of the king, the chambers, and 
the consular corps. He then served as hydrographic 
inspector, and in command of " Ohio." With impaired 
health from exposure in deep-sea work, he was obliged 
to go South, and was ordered as captain of Pensacola 
Navy- Yard. During 1875 he was a member of the 
Board of Visitors to Naval Academy, and, later, member 
of the Board of Examiners of Midshipmen. In 187611c 
was detached from duty at Pensacola and put on special 
duty in reference to deep-sea soundings. Afterwards he 
returned to Pensacola as commandant, and remained 
there three years, lie then commanded the " Alaska" 
in the Pacific, and was attached to the navy-yard at Nor- 
folk. In 1885 he was promoted to be commodore, and 
was superintendent of the Naval Observatory in 1885 ; 
was commandant of the navy-yard at Mare Island in 
[886-90. He was promoted to be rear-admiral in Feb- 
ruary, [889, and commanded the Asiatic Station until 
1892. 



117/0 SERVED TN THE CIVIL WAR. 



33 



COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL HENRY 

W . BENHAM. 

Colonel and Brevet Major-General Henry W. 
Benham was born in Connecticut. Graduated first in 
his class at the Military Academy July i, 1 S37 ; bre- 
vet second lieutenant Engineers July 1, 1837; assistant 
engineer on the improvement of Savannah River, Geor- 
gia, 1837-38; first lieutenant July 7,1838; superintend- 
ing engineer of repairs of Fort Marion and St. Augus- 
tine sea-wall, Florida, 1839-44; of repairs of defences of 
Annapolis Harbor 1844-45; repairs of St. Augustine 
sea-wall, Florida, [845—46; Forts Mifflin and McHenry 
1 845 ; repairs of Forts Madison and Washington 1 K46-47 ; 
in war with Mexico, engineer on staffs of Generals Taylor 
and Wool ; engaged and wounded in the battle of Buena 
Vista February, 1847; brevet captain February 25, 1847, 
for gallant and meritorious conduct in battle of Buena 
Vista, General Scott recommending a second brevet of 
major for "his great services" in that action; served on 
various engineer duties from 1 S47 to breaking out of 
Civil War, and part of the time was on duty in Europe. 
In 1855 was selected from the engineers for promotion 
in the new regiments, but declined to be major of the 
Ninth Infantry March. 3, 1855; served during the rebel- 
lion of the seceding States 1861-66; as chief engineer 
of General McClellan, Department of the Ohio, May 14 
to Jul)- 22, 1861, laying out and building fortifications at 
Cairo and Bird's Point ; was temporarily on the staff of 
General T. A. Morris, in military operations at Laurel 
Hill, West Virginia, July 6-1 1, 1861 ; and in command of 
all the troops that pursued, routed, and killed General 
Robert S. Garnett, capturing his trains with artillery, and 
thus, as the general commanding reported, " Secession 
was dead in West Virginia." Was brevet colonel July 
13, 1 86 1, for gallant and meritorious services at the battle 
of Carrick's Ford, Virginia; this commission (the first 
battle-brevet of the war) made him the senior brevet 
major-general of the Corps of Engineers ; and he was 
recommended to be brevet brigadier-general by the board 
of general officers for this action ; major Corps of En- 
gineers August 6, 1 861; brigadier-general U. S. Volun- 
teers August 13, 1861 ; in West Virginia campaign August 
to November, 1861 ; in command <>f brigade at New 
Creek August 16, 1861 ; commanded the leading and only 
brigade engaged at the action and rout of Floyd, at Car- 
nifex Ferry, September 10, 1861 ; and on November 14 
to 16, 1861, in the skirmishes and second rout of Floyd, 
from Cotton Hill to Raleigh, West Virginia, with great 
loss of baggage and trains, and his chief of cavalry, Col- 
onel Croghan, killed. Was present and in command at the 
bombardment and capture of Fort Pulaski, Georgia, April 
10-11, 1S62; lieutenant-colonel Corps of Engineers 
March 3, 1863; reorganized and commanded engineer 




brigade (Army of the Potomac), being engaged in throw- 
ing pontoon bridges across the Rappahannock for the 
passage and retreat of the army at Chancellorsville, 
April 29 to May 5, 1863 ; his horse shot under him at the 
"crossing" below Fredericksburg April 29, 1863; laid 
the pontoon bridges at Franklin's crossing in face of the 
enemy June 5, 1863; reorganized the pontoon trains at 
Washington July, 1863, to May, 1864; and laid most of 
the pontoon bridges for the Army of the Potomac from 
May, 1S64, to May, 1865 ; one of them over the James 
River, at Fort Powhatan, June 1 3, 1 S64, was two thousand 
two hundred feet long, and built in five hours ; in the mean 
time constructed and commanded the defences at City 
Point, Virginia, covering as a reserve the main depots and 
head-quarters of General Grant ; and served with his com- 
mand in the lines in front of Petersburg ; brevet brigadier- 
general U. S. Army March 13, 1865, for gallant and meri- 
torious services in the campaign terminating with the sur- 
render of the insurgent army under General R. E. Lee; 
April 3, 1865, joined in taking possession of Petersburg, 
and was placed in command of that city, moving thence to 
Burkesville and towards the Roanoke River, to act against 
Johnston ; repairing bridges across Appomattox and 
Staunton Rivers April 3-23, 1865; and on march to 
Washington, D. C, May to June, 1865; brevet major- 
general U. S. Vols, for faithful services during the Rebel- 
lion; brevet major-general U. S. A. March 13, 1865, for 
gallant and meritorious services during the Rebellion ; 
mustered out of volunteer service Jan. 1 5, 1866, and took 
charge of the sea-walls in Boston Harbor; of the defences 
of Provincetown, Mass. ; colonel Corps of Engineers 
March 7, 1 867, and as member and president of the Board 
of Engineers June 20, 1865, to May 18, 1867; after July, 
1877, in charge of inner defences of N. Y. Harbor, and of 
the forts at N. Y. Narrows, Sandy Hook, N. J., and Lake 
Champlain ; retired June 30, 1882. He died at New York 
City June 1, 1SS4. 



34 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY ^regular) 




MAJOR AND BREVET COLONEL FREDERICK W. 
BENTEEN (retired). 

Major and Brevet Colonel Frederick W. Benteen 
was born in Petersburg, Virginia, August 24, 1834. Ik- 
entered the military service at the breaking out of the 
war of the Rebellion as a first lieutenant in the Tenth 
Missouri Cavalry, in which regiment he subsequently 
rose to the rank oi lieutenant-colonel, and was appointed 
colonel of the One Hundred and Thirty-eighth U. S. 
Colored Troops July 15, 1X65. 

Colonel Benteen's service in the held during the war 
was with the Western armies, participating in the follow- 



ing engagements: Actions of Wet Glaze, Springfield, Sa- 
lem, Second Springfield, Cane Creek, Sugar Creek ; battle 
of l'ea Ridge; actions of Batesville, Kickapoo, Cotton 
Plant ; defence of Helena, Arkansas ; actions of Milliken's 
Rend, Bolivar, and Greenville; engaged at the actions of 
Tuscumbia, Tupelo and Alabama Valley; the battle of 
Iuka, Mississippi ; action of Florence ; siege of Vicksburg ; 
action of Brandon Station; capture of Jackson ; raid to 
Meridian, and action of Bolivar; at the actions of Big 
Blue Osage, Charlotte Prairie, Pleasant Rid^e, Monte- 
vallo ; assault and capture of Selma, Alabama, and Co- 
lumbus, Georgia. 

Colonel Benteen commanded his regiment at the battle 
of Iuka and action of Montevallo, and a brigade at the 
action of Big Blue Osage, and at the close of the war was 
mustered out January 6, 1 866, but subsequently appointed 
captain in the Seventh L T . S. Cavalry, to date from July, 
1 866. He was then ordered to the plains and served at 
man}' posts and on campaign duty, participating in the 
engagement with hostile Indians on the Saline River, 
Kansas, and in the Big Horn and Yellowstone expedition 
of 1 cSj6, his company forming part of the ill-fated Custer's 
command. 

He was made brevet major for gallant and meritorious 
services at the battle of the ( >sage, Missouri : brevet lieu- 
tenant-colonel for gallant and meritorious services in the 
charge on Columbus, Georgia ; brevet colonel for gallant 
and meritorious conduct in the engagement with hostile 
Indians on the Saline River, Kansas. 

He was promoted major of the Ninth U. S. Cavalry 
December 17, [882, and retired for disability in the line 
of duty July 7, 1888. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



35 



MAJOR EDWIN BENTLEY. 

Dr. Edwin Bentley was born in New London ( !ounty, 

Connecticut and in the national contest, Dr. Bentley 
became incited by the fullest patriotism and devotion for 
the nation's cause, and he immediately took an active 
part, in season and out of season, — at all times engaged in 
caring for the sick and wounded, in which, for continued 
service and number of operations made, he was equalled by 
few and excelled by none. For years he had thousands 
of wounded men under his care, and at times more than 
a hundred medical officers under his charge. All this he 
conducted — with the vast property responsibility — with- 
out a controversy, or arrest of either officer or soldier 
subject to his orders. The following is gleaned from the 
official records, and is offered as a brief exhibit of his 
military service, which embraces an experience in the 
field, camp, post, general hospital, and Libby prison at 
Richmond in i S62. 

Statement of the military service of Surgeon Edwin 
Bentley, of the U. S. Arm)-, compiled from the records 
of the War Department, Washington : 

He was mustered into the sen-ice as assistant surgeon, 
Fourth Connecticut Infantry, June 6, 1861. He was ap- 
pointed surgeon, U. S. Volunteers, September 4, 1861, 
and honorably mustered out January 4, 1S66. He re- 
ceived the brevet of lieutenant-colonel March 13, [865, 
for faithful and meritorious service during the war. He 
served in the Army of the Potomac, in F. J. Porter's 
division, until the autumn of 1862; then in charge of 
General Hospital at Alexandria, Virginia, and subse- 
quently as superintendent of hospitals at that place to 
April, 1866; was post-surgeon at Russell Barracks, 
D. C, until mustered out of the volunteer service. 

Was appointed assistant surgeon, U.S.A., February S, 
1 S(')6,— service being continuous from the volunteer to 
the regular; captain and assistant surgeon July 2^, 1866; 
major and surgeon Jul)- 12, 1879. He remained on duty 
at Russell Barracks, D. C, to December, 1868; at Lin- 
coln Barracks, D. C, to April, 1869; at Camp Reynolds, 
California, to August, 1869; then as post-surgeon at 
Point San Jose, California, January, 1871 ; April 17, 1873, 
with Batteries B, C, and G, Fourth Artillery, to Modoc 
expedition, — in lava beds, at head-quarters of General 
Gillem, south side of Yula Lake, transporting wounded, 
at the conclusion of the war, from the field-hospital, of 




which he was in charge, to Fort Klamath, Oregon. He 
rejoined his proper station at Point San Jose, California, 
where he remained post-surgeon until 1874. Also on 
duty at Alcatraz Island, at the Presidio of San Francisco, 
California; at Camp Bidwell, California. February, 1875, 
recorder of Medical Examining Board and attending sur- 
geon at San Francisco, California. In 1876 he was on 
leave of absence, to enable him to study mental diseases 
and morbid anatomy of the nervous system, being super- 
intendent of the Napa Insane Asylum, California. Feb- 
ruary, 1877, on duty, with the Sixteenth Infantry, at New 
( Irleans, Louisiana, where, finding an epidemic of small- 
pox producing much alarm among the troops of the 
command, he established a pest-hospital, by order of the 
commanding general, and for his success in its manage- 
ment and devotion to the patients he received a special 
letter of commendation from the medical director of the 
department. In 1887 he was on duty as post-surgeon at 
Little Rock Barracks; on duty in Pennsylvania during 
the labor strikes; also medical director of the Depart- 
ment of Arkansas. In 1884 he was post-surgeon at 
Fort Clark, Texas, and post-surgeon at Fort Brown, 
Texas, in 1886; was retired in 1888; was professor of 
anatomy in Pacific Medical College, California, and pro- 
fessor of surgery in the medical department of the 
Industrial University of Arkansas since its organization. 



36 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN ERIC BF.RGLANO. 

Captain Eric Bergland (Corps of Engineers, U.S.A.) 

enlisted at the age of seventeen in Company D, Fifty- 
seventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry, September 14, [861. 
In December, 1NG1, was mustered into service as second 
lieutenant, and in April, 1862, he was promoted to first 
lieutenant, in which capacity he served until the regiment 
was mustered out of service, the war being ended, July 
7, [865. During his connection with the Fifty-seventh 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, he took part in the capture 
of Fort Donelson, and the battles of Shiloh, Corinth, 
and Resaca. While in the field at Rome, Georgia, in 
the autumn of 1864, he received an appointment as 
cadet at the U. S. Military Academy at West Point. 
On reporting to Superintendent of Military Academy 
November 16, he was informed that his class was al- 
ready w'ell advanced in their studies, and that it would 
require considerable previous knowledge of mathematics 
to be able to make up before examination for the time 
lost; as before enlisting in the army he had only en- 



joyed the advantages of a village school and knew noth- 
ing of the higher mathematics, he thought it highly 
improbable that he would be able to prepare for the first 
examination after being nearly two months behind his 
classmates. On the advice of the Superintendent, he 
therefore applied to the Secretary of War to have his 
appointment extended to the following June, when he 
could enter on equal terms with other members of his 
class. This request was granted, and he was in the 
mean time ordered to Johnson's Island, Ohio, for duty as 
assistant to Captain Tardy, Corps of Engineers, until 
June 1, 1865. 

Me graduated June 15, 1869, at the head of his class, 
and as the staff corps had just previously been closed by 
Act of Congress, he was commissioned second lieutenant 
Fifth Artillery, and stationed at Fort Warren, Massachu- 
setts, and Fort Trumbull, Connecticut, and in the field 
on the Canada boundary during the Fenian raid in 1870. 
June 10, 1872, he was transferred to the Corps of Engi- 
neers, and promoted to first lieutenant ; promoted to cap- 
tain January 10, [884. 

Since his transfer to the Corps of Engineers, he has 
served with the Engineer Battalion, has been instructor 
of military engineering and mathematics, and assistant 
professor of ethics and law at the U. S. Military Acad- 
emy ; assistant engineer on Western explorations, under 
Captain George M. Wheeler, for three years in California, 
Arizona, Nevada, and Colorado; engineer in charge of 
river and harbor improvements in Tennessee, Mississippi, 
Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. 

In command of Company C, Battalion of Engineers, 
and instructor of civil engineering U. S. Engineer School, 
located at Willett's Point, New York ; was ordered to 
Johnstown, Pennsylvania, a week after the great flood, 
in charge of a detachment and bridge-train, and ordered 
to replace by pontoon-bridges those swept away by the 
flood; since November 13, 1 891, stationed at Baltimore, 
Maryland, as engineer of Fifth and Sixth Light-House 
Districts. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



37 



MAJOR AND BREVET COLONEL REUBEN F. BERNARD 
Major and Brevet Colonel Reuben F. Bernard, 
Eighth Cavalry, was a private, farrier, corporal, sergeant, 
and first sergeant in the army from February 19, 1855, 
to January 5, 1862 ; then acting second lieutenant of the 
First Cavalry to July 17, 1862, when he was appointed a 
second lieutenant of that regiment. He served on the 
Pacific coast and in New Mexico before the war of the 
Rebellion, and participated in the following fights with 
Indians: On the head-waters of the Gila River, New 
Mexico, March 28, 1856; on the Mimbres River, New 
Mexico, April 5, 1856; in Pinal Mountains, Arizona 
Territory, December 25, 1858; on San Carlos River 
December 27, 1858; on San Pedro River, Arizona 
Territory, November 9, 1 S 5 9 ; near Fort Buchanan, Ari- 
zona Territory, January 20, i860; on San Carlos River, 
Arizona Territory, January 21, 1861 ; skirmish with 
rebel Texans near Fort Craig, New Mexico, February 
19, 1862; battle of Valverde, New Mexico, February 21, 
1862 ; fight with Indians in the mountains near Socorro, 
New Mexico, February 26, 1 862 ; skirmish with rebels 
at Apache Canon, New Mexico, March 28, 1862; battle 
of Pigeon's Ranch, New Mexico, March 30, 1862 ; 
skirmish at Albuquerque, New Mexico, April 25, [862; 
skirmish at Peralto, New Mexico, April 27, 1862. 

lie was promoted to be first lieutenant June 2$, 1863, 
and transferred to duty in the field with the Army of the 
Potomac, and participated in the following engagements : 
Skirmishes near Culpeper Court-House, Virginia; 
Stevensburgh, Virginia; Mine Run, Virginia; Barnet 
Ford, Virginia ; near Charlottesville, Virginia ; on Rapi- 
dan River, Virginia ; battle of Todd's Tavern, Virginia 
(wounded) ; battle of Spottsylvania Court-House, Vir- 
ginia ; skirmishes on road to Beaver Dam, Virginia; at 
Beaver Dam, Virginia ; on road to Yellow Tavern, Vir- 
ginia ; battle of Yellow Tavern, Virginia ; skirmishes at 
Meadow Bridge, Virginia ; after passing Meadow Bridge, 
Virginia; at Tunstall's Station, Virginia ; while crossing 
Mattapony River ; battles of Hawes' Shop, Virginia ; 
Old Church, Virginia; Cold Harbor, Virginia ; skirmish 
at Chickahominy River, Virginia ; battle of Trevilian 
Station, Virginia : skirmishes at White House Landing, 
Virginia; at Chickahominy River, Virginia ; battles of 
Deep Bottom, Virginia ; Darby's Farm, Virginia ; skir- 
mishes at Barnesville, Virginia ; Stone Church, Virginia ; 
New Town, Virginia; near Winchester, Virginia ; near 
Front Royal, Virginia; Shepherdstown, Virginia; en- 
gagements at Smlthfield, Virginia ; skirmishes near Hall- 
town, Virginia ; Barnesville, Virginia ; Opequan Creek, 
Virginia ; battle at Winchester ; skirmish at Cedarville ; 
battle of Luray Valley, Virginia; skirmishes near 
Front Royal, Virginia; in Luray Valley, Virginia; 
near Staunton, Virginia; engagement at Waynesborough, 
Virginia ; skirmishes at Rapidan River, Virginia ; War- 




renton, Virginia ; Snicker's Gap, Virginia ; Bunker Hill, 
Virginia; near Mount Jackson, Virginia ; engagement at 
Waynesborough, Virginia ; skirmish at South Anna 
Bridge, Virginia ; engagement at White House Landing, 
Virginia; skirmish on Chickahominy River, Virginia; en- 
gagement at Dinwiddie Court-House, Virginia ; skirmish 
at White Oak Road, Virginia ; engagement near Din- 
widdie Court-House, Virginia ; battle of Five Forks, 
Virginia; engagement at Scott's Cross-Roads, Virginia ; 
skirmish at Drummond's Mills, Virginia ; battle of Sail- 
or's Creek, Virginia ; skirmish near Sailor's Creek, Vir- 
ginia ; skirmish at night near Appomattox Court-House, 
Virginia; engagement of Appomattox Court-House. 

Colonel Bernard was brevetted captain May 6, 1864, 
for gallant and meritorious services in the battle of 
Todd's Tavern, Virginia; major August 28, 1864, for 
gallant and meritorious services in action at Smithfield, 
Virginia; lieutenant-colonel and colonel March 13, 1865, 
for gallant and meritorious services during the war. 

He was promoted to the captaincy of Company G, 
F'irst U. S. Cavalry, July 28, 1866, at which date he was 
serving with his company on the plains against the In- 
dians, participating in nineteen fights, from 1866 to 1881, 
in Arizona, California, and Oregon. ] le thus has to his 
credit one hundred and three battles and skirmishes. 
He was recommended by General Orel for the brevet of 
brigadier-general, for gallantry in action with the Chiri- 
cahua Indians, October 20, 1869. On the 7th of Feb. 
[886, marched Companies D and E, Sixteenth Infantry, 
from Fort Mcintosh, Texas, to the city of Laredo, Texas, 
for the purpose of suppressing a local political riot that 
had been going on for several hours ; some twenty odd 
persons having been killed, he took charge of the city, 
disarmed both parties, kept charge of the city for the 
night, restoring order. He was promoted major of the 
Eighth Cavalry November r, 1882. 



3» 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAl'Y [.regular) 




COLONEL CLERMONT L. BEST (retired). 

Colonel Clermont L. Best was born in New York, 
and graduated from the Military Academy in the class of 
1847. He was appointed a brevet second lieutenant of 
the First LI. S. Artillery, and served in the war with 
Mexico, during which time he received his appointment 
as second lieutenant. Fourth Artillery. < In duty at Fort 
Monroe, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Missouri, in [848—49, and was then engaged in 
Florida, in hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 
during the year 1 850. 

He was at this time promoted first lieutenant and 
ordered to Fort Hamilton, and served at that post and 
Fort Mifflin, Pennsylvania, from 1X50 to [853, when he 
was placed on frontier duty at Ringgold Barracks, Texas, 
serving there and at Fort Brown and Las Animas. Texas, 
to 1855. lie was granted leave of absence at this time, 
and rejoined his command in [856 in Florida, where he 
was engaged in hostilities against the Seminole Indians 
to 1857. 

Lieutenant Best was again ordered on frontier duty, 
and engaged in quelling Kansas disturbances during the 
years 1857-58. He participated in the Utah expedition 
in 1858, and was on duty escorting recruits from New 
York to Kansas in [859. He then served at Fort Ran- 
dall, Dakota, to 1, So 1. 



In April, [861, at the breaking out of the war of the 
Rebellion, he was promoted captain of his regiment, anil 
ordered to the field in command of a battery in Major- 
General Banks's operations in Maryland and the Shenan- 
doah Valley, Virginia, to August, 1862, then participated 
in the Northern Virginia campaign as chief of artillery 
of the Fifth Army Corps, being engaged in the battle of 
Cedar Mountain, August 9, 1862 ; in the Maryland cam- 
paign, Army of the Potomac, and engaged in the battle 
of Antietam, Maryland, September 17, 1S62. 

He was on the march to Falmouth, Virginia, during 
the fall of the same year, and subsequently participated 
in the Rappahannock campaign, being engaged in the 
battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2, 3, 1X63, for 
which he was brevetted a major for gallant and merito- 
rious services in said battle. 

Captain Best was detailed as assistant inspector-general, 
Twelfth Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, May 16, 
1 86 ;, which position he held to April 4, 1 S64, and during 
that time was engaged in the battle of Gettysburg, July 
1-3, 1 863, for which he received the brevet of lieutenant- 
colonel for gallant and meritorious services. He was 
then placed in command of the First Division of Artil- 
lery Reserve, Department of the Cumberland, from April 
to October, 1864, when he was detailed as instructor of 
artillery at Camp Barry, Washington, D. C, to February, 
1S65. 

At the close of the war, Captain Best was brevetted a 
colonel for good conduct and gallant services during the 
Rebellion. He was placed on recruiting service at Phil- 
adelphia in February, [865, where he remained to Sep- 
tember, [866, when he was ordered to garrison duty in 
the defences of Washington, remaining there to March, 
1867. 

Colonel Best was promoted major of the First Artil- 
lery February 5, 1867; lieutenant-colonel of the same 
regiment March 15, [881, but subsequently transferred 
to the Fourth Artillery (October 2~ , 1 88 1 ) ; and colonel 
of the Fourth Artillery October 2, [883, from which he- 
was retired from active service, by operation of law, 
April 25, iSSS. 

During the time that Colonel Best was a field-officer, 
he served at many of the artillery posts in different parts 
of the country, being commanding officer of most of 
them. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR 



39 



COLONEL AND BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL 
JUDSON D. BINGHAM. 

Colonel and Brevet Brigadiek-Gexekal Judson D. 
Bingham (Quartermaster's Department) was born in 
New York May 16, i S 3 1 , and graduated from the Mili- 
tary Academy Jul}- 1, 1854. He was promoted second 
lieutenant of the Second Artillery same day, and served 
as assistant instructor of artillery tactics at the Military 
Academy from that time until the following August, and 
was then stationed at Fort Wood, New York harbor, and 
Barrancas, Florida, until March, 185(1, when he was pro- 
moted first lieutenant and was placed on U. S. Coast Sur- 
vey service to June, 1857. 1 le was at the Artillery School 
of Practice at Fort Monroe from that time to i860, in 
the mean time participating in an expedition to Harper's 
Ferry, Virginia, to suppress the John Brown raid of 
1859. 

Lieutenant Bingham was also engaged in an expedi- 
tion from Fort Ridgely, Minnesota, to the Yellow Medi- 
cine, Minnesota, in the summer of i860, and remained 
at that station until the opening of the Civil War in 
April, iS6i,when he was transferred to Fort McHenry, 
Maryland. He was appointed a captain in the Quarter- 
master's Department May 13, 1861, and served in Gen- 
eral Banks's command, in charge ol trains and supplies, 
in the field in Maryland until February, 1862, when he 
was placed in charge of the quartermaster's depot at 
Nashville, Tennessee, and while there was appointed 
lieutenant-colonel of volunteers January 1, 1863. 

He served as chief quartermaster of the Seventeenth 
Army Corps (lieutenant-colonel ex officio) to April 23, 
1863, when General Grant appointed him chief quarter- 
master of the Department and Army of the Tennessee. 
He continued on duty, in the field, as chief quartermaster 
of that army up to the end of the siege of Atlanta, Geor- 
gia, August 25, 1864; was present as chief quartermaster 
of the Seventeenth Army Corps at Lake Providence and 
Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, at the siege of Vicksburg, 
Mississippi, at the surrender of the city, and during its 
occupation, to October, 1863; at Memphis, Tennessee, 
and at Bridgeport and Scottsborough, Alabama, until last 
of December, 1863 ; he joined General Sherman at Cairo, 
Illinois, January I, 1864, and under his direction arranged 
for transporting troops from Memphis to Vicksburg for 
the expedition to Meridian, Mississippi; then as chief 
quartermaster of the Army of the Tennessee accompanied 
General Sherman on the march with the Sixteenth and 
Seventeenth Army Corps from Vicksburg to Meridian 
and return, February and March, 1864; was present as 
chief quartermaster at head-quarters, Army of the Ten- 
nessee, Huntsville, Alabama, and in the invasion of Geor- 
gia, including siege of Atlanta, 1864. 

Colonel Bingham was appointed colonel of volunteers 




August 2, 1864, and was appointed inspector of the Quar- 
termaster's 1 )epartment (colonel ex officio), serving as such 
to December 31, 18S6, being on duty in the quartermas- 
ter-general's office, Washington, D. C, at various times 
from September, 1864, to December, 1865 ; on duty with 
General Sherman at St. Louis, Missouri, as inspector of 
the Quartermaster's Department, to January, 1867; chief 
quartermaster, Department of the Lakes, at Detroit, 
Michigan, to March 31, 1870; in the spring of 1869 he- 
made inspections at Forts Richardson, Griffin, Concho, 
Stockton, Davis, McKavett, and San Antonio, Texas. 

He was promoted major in the Quartermaster's De- 
partment, LI. S. Army, July 29, 1866, and lieutenant- 
colonel and deputy quartermaster-general March 3, 1875, 
serving as assistant in the office of the quartermaster- 
general at Washington, D. C, from April 4, 1870, to 
October, 1879, and in charge of the Bureau from October 
25, 1873, to January 19, 1874, and from January 28 to 
February 20, 1875 ; he served as commissioner to audit 
Kansas war accounts, under act of Congress, from March 
8 to April 5, 1871 ; as chief quartermaster of the Depart- 
ment of the Missouri, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, from 
October, 1879, to November, 1883; as chief quartermas- 
ter, Division of the Pacific and Department of California, 
from November, 1883, to about May 30, 1886; as chief 
quartermaster, Division of the Missouri, Chicago, Illinois, 
from June 4, 1886, to present time, having been, on the 
2d of July, 1883, promoted colonel and assistant quarter- 
master-general. 

When the war terminated, Colonel Bingham had the 
following brevets conferred upon him : major, lieutenant- 
colonel, and colonel March 13, 1865, "for faithful and 
meritorious services during the war ;" brigadier-general 
April 9, 1865, "for faithful and meritorious services in 
the field during the war." 



4 o 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




COMMANDHR JOSHUA BISHOP, U.S.N. 

Commander Joshua Bishop was horn in Missouri in 
1839, and appointed acting midshipman from that State 
1 Ie graduated at the Naval Academy in 1858, and after the 
usual sea-service — in the "Saratoga," "Wabash," "Pow- 
hatan," and "Pawnee" — was made lieutenant in 1861. 

The troublous time at the inception of the Civil War 
found him at his home in Missouri. He used all his 
influence to prevent an appeal to arms, and declared 
himseli for the Union without hesitation. Being sum- 
moned to duty at Philadelphia, he had great difficulty in 
leaving the State, from the determined opposition shown 
by his rebel neighbors, who had stopped the running of 
the trains, and who pursued the stage in which he trav- 
elled. When he reached Philadelphia he was at fust 
under Du Pont, but was soon sent West again, under 
Commander John Rodgers, to assist in fitting out gun- 
boats. He reported to General McClellan at Cincinnati, 
and was thenceforth employed in various ways — fitting 
gunboats, commanding the receiving-vessel, and purchas- 
ing supplies — until August, 1861, when he went to St. 



Louis, recruited a number of men, and in September took 
them to Cairo, Illinois, tor the gunboats. Naval officers 
reported to general officers, and until Jul}', 1 862, were part 
of army. Colonel Grant went down with him, in the same 
boat, to take command at Cairo. After that time events 
of importance occurred in rapid succession. Lieutenant 
Bishop became executive officer under Walke, in Foote's 
squadron, in which capacity he was present at several gun- 
boat engagements, and at the battle of Belmont, which 
was Grant's first battle of the Civil War. His next duty 
was as aid to Foote at St. Louis. Then he was sent with 
Fads, the engineer and contractor for the "Benton," 
to get her down to Cairo at a very low stage of water. 
In the " Benton," Lieutenant Bishop was in the actions 
at Columbus, Island No. 10, Fort Pillow, and Memphis. 
On the way down he captured a rebel steamer in sight 
of the retreating fleet and out of sight of the Union fleet. 

At Memphis he boarded the " General Bragg," saved 
her from being blown up by a train which had been laid 
to her magazine, and caulked the shot-holes in her, so 
that she was preserved as a prize. As a reward for his 
gallantry he was assigned to the command of the vessel. 
He commanded the " General Bragg" when the rebel 
ram " Arkansas" ran down through the fleet, and in the 
subsequent operations until the fall of Vicksburg. His 
health having become bad, he then applied for relief. The 
thanks of Congress were given to the officers and men of 
the squadrons of Rear-Admirals Foote and Davis f< »r their 
long series of actions, beginning with Forts Henry and 
Donelson, in almost all of which Commander Bishop 
took part. 

Commander Bishop was upon the blockade for a short 
time, and was also stationed at the Naval Academy. 
He has made extensive cruises in foreign waters, serving 
in the " Wyoming," " Saranac," " Pensacola," " Benicia," 
"Plymouth," and "Galena." Lis last cruise was in 
command of the " Iroquois" among the South-Sea 
Islands. 

He is at present assistant to the Superintendent of the 
U. S. Naval Observatory. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



4« 



COLONEL Z. R. BLISS. 

Colonel Z. R. Bliss was appointed a cadet at West 
Point in 1850. Graduated in 1854. Was appointed 
brevet second lieutenant Sixteenth Infantry, and ordered 
to Fort Duncan, Texas. Served at various forts in Texas 
until 1 86 1, part of the time in command of a company. 
On April 5, 1 86 1, he left Fort Quitman with his com- 
pany and joined the command of Colonel Reeve, and 
marched with that command six hundred and fifty miles 
to San Antonio, Texas. On May 9, 1861, when they 
were about fifteen miles from San Antonio, they were 
met by a large force of over two thousand men, under 
rebel General Earl Van Dorn, consisting of a regiment 
of infantry, one of cavalry, a battery of six pieces of 
artillery, and an independent company of about one hun- 
dred men. When met by the rebels, Colonel Reeve's 
command had only about a dozen rounds of ammunition 
per man and one day's rations; an unconditional surren- 
der was demanded, and, after some parley, Colonel Reeve 
surrendered his command ; but as Lieutenant Bliss was 
only a junior first lieutenant, and was not consulted in 
the matter, he was not responsible for the surrender. 
1 le remained a prisoner of war for nearly a year, most 
of the time confined in the negro jail at Richmond. In 
May, 1862, he was appointed colonel of the Tenth Rhode 
Island Volunteers and served with it till August, when 
he was appointed colonel of the Seventh Rhode Island 
Volunteers, and remained with it until honorably mus- 
tered out after the close of the war. Commanded the 
regiment during the Fredericksburg campaign, and after 
the first battle of Fredericksburg was recommended for 
promotion to rank of brigadier-general, but, in conse- 
quence of his having been present at the surrender in 
Texas, this recommendation was not carried out. In 
fact, no officer who was present with Colonel Reeve at 
the surrender was promoted during the war, although 
several of them were strongly recommended for advance- 
ment. In 1863 Colonel Bliss was transferred with his 
regiment to Kentucky, and thence to Vicksburg and 
Jackson in the campaign after Johnson, and at the con- 
clusion was recommended, this time by General Grant, 
for promotion. Commanded the District of Middle Ten- 
nessee during the winter of 1863-64. It was an impor- 
tant command, including a large fort and several regi- 
ments, and protecting about two million rations for 
Sherman's army. In 1864 Colonel Bliss was again 
recommended for promotion to rank of brigadier-general. 
Colonel Bliss remained in command of District of Mid- 
dle Tennessee until the regiment he commanded was 
transferred to the East, and he was assigned to the com- 
mand of First Brigade, Second Division, Ninth Army 
Corps, and commanded it in the Wilderness, where he 
6 




was brevetted for gallant and meritorious services. He 
was in command of the brigade to Spottsylvania, where 
he was injured by his horse jumping on him in crossing 
a stream at night. He commanded the brigade in the 
mine which was constructed by a regiment of his brigade, 
and at the explosion of the mine and ensuing battle, and 
received a very complimentary letter from his division 
commander, General R. B. Potter. He remained in 
command of the brigade until the early fall, when he was 
obliged to take a sick-leave. After being absent some 
weeks he was placed on light duty on a board of officers, as 
president, and remained on that duty till the close of the 
war in the following spring, when he was mustered out 
of the volunteer service. Transferred with his company 
to South Carolina in 1866, and given command of the 
district of Chester. He was acting assistant commis- 
sioner of the Bureau of Freedmen, and had charge of 
all the civil and military business of that district. In 
August was ordered on recruiting service, receiving the 
detail for having served longer in the field during the 
rebellion than any other officer in the regiment. In 
August, 1867, promoted major of Thirty-ninth Infantry. 
Commanded part of Jackson Barracks, Forts Jackson 
and St. Philip, till 1870, when he was transferred with his 
regiment to Texas, commanding various forts there, and 
for more than a year the regiment. In 187S he was or- 
dered to command the principal depot for general recruit- 
ing service. In 1880 was promoted lieutenant-colonel 
of Nineteenth Infantry. In 1S86 was made colonel of 
Twenty-fourth Infantry, of which he still remains in com- 
mand. This officer has served longer on the South- 
western frontier than any other officer ever in the ser- 
vice. 



4- 1 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD XAVY {regular* 




MEDICAL DIRECTOR DEL A VAN BLOODGOOD, 

U.S.N. 

Medical Director Delavan Blood d, U.S.N., 

was born in Erie County, New York, in 1831. Commis- 
sioned as assistant surgeon March, 1857. Passed assist- 
ant surgeon December, 1861. Surgeon January 24, 
1S62. Medical inspector February 3, 1875. Medical 
director August, 1884. 

llis first service was on board the "Merrimac," on the 
Pacific station, from 1857 to i860. Then attached to the 
" Mohawk'," on special service in the West Indies, to inter- 
cept slaving vessels. The " Mohawk" made several cap- 
tures, and then (without the sanctii in of the administration) 
aided in preserving the forts at Key West and Tortugas 
when the stormy days of the inception of the great rebel- 
lion were at hand. When the first secessions occurred, 
the " Mohawk" convoyed from Texas the troops involved 
in the Twiggs surrender, and then went upon the first 
blockade established during the war, off Pensacola. In 
November, 1S61, Dr. Bloodgood was detached from the 
" Mohawk," and, on the way north, by transport steamer, 
arrived off Port Royal at the time of the battle there, 
and was ordered to the transport " Atlantic," in charge of 
a detachment of the sick and wounded for conveyance 
to the hospital at New York. He was next assigned for 
duty on board the steam-sloop "Dakota," and served 
on board that vessel till near the close of the war. In 



her he participated in the various operations about 
Hampton Roads, from the first appearance of the rebel 
ram " Merrimac" until her destruction, and then co-op- 
erated with the army during the first Peninsula cam- 
paign. For a short time the ship was in the Gulf of 
Mexico and the Mississippi, under Farragut, and next 
cruised through the West Indies and off the coast of Nova 
Scotia, in search of privateers ; but she was mostly in 
service on the blockade off the Carolinas, and in nu- 
merous engagements with coast batteries. During this 
service, of nearly three years, there occurred on board 
an epidemic of yellow fever, and another of small-pox, 
each of which necessitated a visit to a Northern port, and 
the disinfection of the ship. In returning from service in 
this vessel, in 1864, Dr. Bloodgood happened to be one 
of those captured and plundered by rebel raiders in the 
railroad train taken near Gunpowder River. After ser- 
vice on board the " .Michigan," and the receiving-ship 
"Vermont," he joined the sloop-of-war "Jamestown," in 
February, 1867, at Panama, when an extremely virulent 
type of yellow fever was raging on board. In conse- 
quence, the ship was sent to Sitka for disinfection, and 
remained there until the following spring, when she was 
put out of commission at the Mare Island Yard. He 
then joined the " Lackawanna," on the Mexican coast, 
and after that cruise had shore duty at New York. 
In May, 1872, was ordered to the "Plymouth," of the 
European Squadron, and thence, via India, to the China 
station, where he served on board the flag-ships " Colo- 
rado," "Lackawanna," and " Hartford," as fleet-surgeon 
for two years. Then he was transferred to Pacific station 
as fleet-surgeon, but soon detached and ordered home to 
duty at New York. Was fleet- surgeon of the European 
station, in flag-ship "Trenton," 1877-79. On ms return 
was in charge of the Naval Hospital at New York, and 
then of the Naval Laboratory, and next had charge of 
the Naval Hospital at Norfolk, Virginia. In 18S7 he 
was ordered to the Naval Laboratory at New York', in 
which position he still continues. Dr. Bloodgood is an 
alumnus of Madison University, Hamilton, New York, 
and of Jefferson Medical College, at Philadelphia; mem- 
ber of the Phi Beta Kappa; the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States ; the Holland Society ; 
the St. Nicholas Society, of Nassau Island; the Univer- 
sity Club, of New York ; the St. Nicholas Club, of New 
York, and Hamilton Club, of Brooklyn. 



117/0 SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



43 



REAR-ADMIRAL CHARLES S. BOGGS. 

Rear-Admiral Charles S. Bonus was born in New 
Jersey January 28, 181 1 ; appointed midshipman from the 
same State November 1, 1826; attached to sloop-of-war 
" Warren," Mediterranean Squadron, 1829-32. Pro- 
moted to passed midshipman April 28, 1832; receiving- 
ship at New York, 1832-35 ; rendezvous, New York, 1836. 
Commissioned as lieutenant September 6, 1837; sloop 
" Saratoga," coast of Africa, 1840-43. Was an active par- 
ticipant in the burning of five villages on the coast ; Home 
Squadron, 1846-47; present at the siege of Vera Cruz; 
commanded the boat expedition from the " Princeton" that 
destroyed the L T . S. brig " Truxton," after her surrender to 
the Mexicans; receiving-ship at New York, 1848-51 ; navy- 
yard, New York, 1852-54; inspector, etc., New York, 1855. 
Commissioned as commander September 14, 1855 ; com- 
manding mail-steamer "Illinois," 1856-58; light-house 
inspector, 1860-61 ; commanded sloop-of-war " Varuna," 
at the passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, April 24, 
1862. The " Varuna" was the only one of Farragut's 
squadron lost at the battle of New Orleans. She was 
attacked by two of the rebel rams and badly damaged, 
and her commander, finding his vessel sinking, ran her 
into the bank and made fast to the trees. Captain Boggs 
fought his vessel gallantly to the last. Commissioned as 
captain Jul\- 16, 1S62; commanding steam-sloop " Juni- 
ata," 1863 ; special duty, New York, 1864-66. Commis- 
sioned as commodore July 25, 1866; commanding steamer 
" De Soto," North Atlantic Squadron, 1867-68; special 
duty, 1869-72. Promoted to rear-admiral July, 1870. 
He died in 1877. 

Always an excellent and most reliable officer, his 
conduct in command of the " Varuna" elicited the praise 
even of his adversaries. Being in the First Division at 
the passage of the Mississippi forts, and having a fast 
ship, he outstripped his consorts, and chased the enemy 
alone until he was surrounded by them. At first, in the 
darkness, the Confederates did not attack him, thinking 
him one of their own squadron. But Boggs soon ap- 
prised them of his identity by a rapid fire from both sides. 




Three of the enemy were driven ashore in flames, and 
one large steamer, with troops on board, drifted ashore 
with an exploded boiler, the result of this encounter. At 
daylight the " Varuna" was attacked by two vessels at 
the same time, the " Governor Moore" and the " Stone- 
wall Jackson." The " Moore" was a ram, commanded 
by an ex-ofheer of the navy, and they treated the " Va- 
runa" very badly, penetrating her below water, and killing 
and wounding a number of her crew. But the " Varuna's" 
people stuck to their guns, and finally drove off the two, 
completely disabled for further conflict, besides being on 
fire. The details of this encounter (most exciting) can- 
not be given. Admiral Porter says, in his account of the 
fight, " This ended the irregular fighting with the Con- 
federate vessels ; ten of them had been sunk or destroyed, 
while the ' Varuna,' with her two adversaries, lay at the 
bottom of the river, near the bank, evidence of the 
gallantry of Boggs." 

Admiral Boggs had the respect of all who knew him, 
whether in the service or out of it. He was perfectly 
modest and unostentatious in deportment, while dignified 
and officer-like at all times. 



44 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




CAPTAIN EDWARD C. BOWERS, U.S.N. 

Captain Edward C. Bowers was born in Connec- 
ticut. Before entering the navy he served in the mer- 
chant service and in the Permian and Greek navies. 
The nautical experience thus gained proved of great 
value to him in his subsequent career as an officer of 
the U. S. Navy. Appointed from Connecticut to the 
grade of midshipman February 2, 1829 His first cruise 
was on the sloop-of-war " St. Louis," attached to the Pa- 
cific Squadron, 1829-31 ; served on schooner " Dolphin." 
Pacific Squadron, as acting lieutenant, 1832. He was 
then ordered to Navy- Yard, Boston, where he served 
during the years 1833-34. Promoted to passed mid- 



shipman July 3, 1835 ; was attached to frigate " Constel- 
lation," West Indies Squadron, 1836-38. His next cruise 
was on the flag-ship " Ohio," Mediterranean Squad- 
ron, in 1839; attached to receiving-ship " Boston," 1840. 
Commissioned as lieutenant April 26, 1S41 ; receiving- 
ship, Boston, 1842-45. He was then ordered to the 
steamer " Princeton," and cruised on her in the Gulf of 
Mexico, 1846; transferred to ordnance transport " Elec- 
tra," 1847; and from her again transferred, this time to 
sloop-of war " Decatur," on which vessel he made a full 
cruise on the coast of Africa during the years 1847-50; 
at the expiration of his cruise on the " Decatur," he was 
at once ordered to the sloop " Plymouth," and went in 
her to the East Indies, where he served during the years 
[851-52; receiving-ship, New York, 1852-54; retired, 
[855. It will be seen from the foregoing statement of 
services that Captain Bowers, from the date of his origi- 
nal entry into the service, February 2, 1829, up to the 
time of his retirement in 1 85 5, was almost constantly 
employed at sea, and in fact few officers of his date had 
so good a record of active and continuous service afloat. 
Rendezvous, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1861-63. 
Commissioned as commander July 21, 1861 ; command- 
ing receiving-ship " Vandalia," Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire, 1864-65. Commissioned as captain 1867. 

Captain Bovvers was retired (in conformity with the 
Act of February 28, 1S55, and its amendments, January 
16, 1857, March 10, 1858, and May II, 1858) on the 
13th September, 1855, as stated above, but was on duty 
at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, during the Civil War. 

Captain Bowers served in the Mexican and Seminole 
wars, ami also under Commodores Hull, Bainbridge, 
Stewart, Perry, and Chauncey. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



45 



COLONEL ALBERT GALLATIN BRACKETT (retired). 

Colonel Albert Gallatin Brackett was born in 
Otsego Count)-, New York, on the 14th day of February, 
1829. In 1846 he removed to Indiana, and in June, 
1 847, became second lieutenant in the Fourth Indiana 
Volunteers in the Mexican War, and was promoted first 
lieutenant during the same month. His regiment was 
attached to General Joseph Lane's brigade, and partici- 
pated in the skirmishes at Paso de Ovejas and La Hoya, 
the battle of Huamantla, the siege of Puebla, and the 
bombardment of Atlixco in September and October, 
1847. He served until the close of the war and was hon- 
orably discharged on the 16th of July, 1848. 

On the 3d of March, 1855, he was appointed captain 
from Indiana, in the Second Regiment of Cavalry, and 
after raising a company in Indiana and Illinois, was sent 
to Texas to fight the Indians, who were then very trou- 
blesome. He met and defeated the Lipans on Guada- 
lupe River in March, 1856, recapturing much valuable 
property ; the Comanches at Arroyo de las Encinas 
February 1, 1857, and near Presidio de San Vincente, 
Chihuahua, May 2, 1 859, for which he received the thanks 
of General Scott, commanding the army. He was en- 
gaged in suppressing the Cortinas troubles near Browns- 
ville, and along the Rio Grande frontier in i860. 

When the Civil War broke out he went with his com- 
pany to Key West, Florida, and thence to Havana, Cuba, 
and from there to New York and Carlisle Barracks, 
where lie refitted and was sent to Washington, taking 
part in the battles of Blackburn's Ford and Bull Run in 
July, 1861. He became colonel of the Ninth Regiment 
of Illinois Cavalry in October, 1861, and participated in 
the actions at the Waddell Farm, Stewart's Plantation, 
and Cache Bayou, Arkansas, in June, 1862, being severely 
wounded at Stewart's Plantation, where he saved a valu- 
able train from falling into the hands of the Confederates. 
He was promoted major in the First Cavalry on the 17th 
of July, 1862, and served as chief of cavalry, Department 
of Missouri, in 1862-63. 

He was placed in command of the Second Brigade of 
the Cavalry Division, Sixteenth Army Corps (Army of the 
Tennessee), in West Tennessee in January and February, 
1864, and was engaged in defending the Memphis and 
Charleston Railroad. As acting inspector-general of 
cavalry, he participated in the siege of Atlanta, Georgia, 
battle of Ezra Church, Georgia, and back to Nashville ! 
with General Thomas, taking part in the battle of Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, in December, 1864. Received the bre- 
vets of major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel, for gallant 
and meritorious services during the war. 

Commanded several posts in the Departments of Cali- 
fornia and Columbia, and the Districts of Nevada and 




Summit Lake, assisting materially in quelling the hostile 
Pi Ute Indian disturbances in 1866-67 and 1868. 

Went from Fort McPherson with four troops of the 
regiment to Montana in May, June, and July, 1869. Held 
a council with the Crow Indians and distributed goods 
to them on the Yellowstone River in December, 1869. 
While in command of Fort Steele he quieted disturbances 
among coal-miners at Carbon. Sent to Fort Sanders in 
Wyoming, and from there in 1877, with six more troops 
of the Second Cavalry, to Fort Custer, which post he 
helped to construct. He was promoted colonel of the 
Third Cavalry. 

In the field operating against the Ute Indians, who 
had massacred Thornburg's command, a portion of which 
belonged to his regiment, from October to December, 
1879. In command of Fort Laramie and of Fort Rus- 
sell, Wyoming, from July, 1879, to May, 1882, when he 
was sent to Arizona with his regiment to operate against 
the hostile Apaches. Met the head men of the Apaches 
in council at Fort Thomas, Arizona, in May, 1882, when 
they made their grievances known. Was in command 
of field operations against the Apaches in July and Au- 
gust, 1882. 

Superintendent Mounted Recruiting Service at Jeffer- 
son Barracks, Missouri, from October 1, 1882, to October 
1, 1884. In command of his regiment at Whipple Bar- 
racks, Arizona, from 1884 to March, 1885, when he 
marched the Third Cavalry through Arizona, New Mexico, 
and a part of Chihuahua, Mexico, to Fort Davis, Texas, 
and in command of that post from May 12 to October 
24, 1887, when he took command of Fort Clark, Texas, 
and remained there until January 9, 1890, when he 
marched to Fort Mcintosh. Was retired February 18, 
1 89 1. Colonel Brackett is the author of " Lane's Brigade 
in Central Mexico," and " History of U. S. Cavalry." 



4 6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL D. L. BRAINE. 

Rear-Admiral D. L. Bkaine was born in New York. 
Appointed midshipman from Texas, May 30, 1846. 
Served during the Mexican War in the Home Squadron, 
and present at capture of Alvarado, Tabasco, Tuspan, 
Laguna, Tampico, and Vera Cruz. In 1848 he was at- 
tached to the sloop-of-war "John Adams," of the Home 
Squadron. During 1849-50 served in the sloop-of-war 
" St. Mary's," of the East India Squadron. In 1850-51 
in the steam-sloop "Saranac," of Home Squadron. At 
the Naval Academy in 1852. 

Promoted to passed midshipman June 8, 1852, and 
ordered to the sloop-of-war " St. Louis," of the Mediter- 
ranean Squadron, where he remained from 1853 to 1855. 
In 1855 he was promoted to the rank of master. Com- 
missioned as lieutenant September 15, 1858. During 
1856 and 1857 he had been employed upon the Coast 
Survey. During the period between 1858 and i860 he 
served on the coast of Africa in the sloop-of-war " Vin- 
cennes." 

When the Civil War occurred he was ordered to com- 
mand the " Monticello," of the North Atlantic Blockad- 
ing Squadron. Had an engagement with the rebel 
batter)' at Sewell's Point, Virginia, May 19, 1861, which 



lasted for more than an hour, and was the first naval en- 
gagement of the war. Present at the attack anil capture 
of Forts Hatteras and Clark, August, 1861, and October 
5, 1861. Lieutenant Braine engaged the enemy at Kim- 
mekerk Woods, above Cape Hatteras, and, after exchang- 
ing shots with their gun-boats, dispersed two regiments of 
infantry, sank two barges, and rescued the Twentieth 
Indiana Regiment, which was surrounded. In Novem- 
ber, 1 86 1, Lieutenant Braine engaged and silenced a two- 
gun battery at Inderal Point, North Carolina, and dis- 
mounted one of the guns. It must be remembered that 
his vessel was a purchased one. 

Commissioned as lieutenant-commander Julv 15, 1S62. 
During 1862-64 numerous engagements with Forts 
Fisher and Caswell. Besides the " Monticello," during 
this period, was in command of the " Vicksburg" and 
" Pequot." Commanded the " Pequot" during the attacks 
upon Fort Fisher, also at Fort Anderson, and at three 
other forts on the Cape E'ear River, as the fleet advanced 
to Wilmington, North Carolina. Lieutenant-Commander 
Braine was on ordnance duty at the navy-yard at New 
York in 1866-67. Was commissioned commander July 
25, 1 866, and commanded the steamer " Shamokin," of 
the Brazil Squadron, during 1868. Was on equipment 
duty at the New York Navy- Yard, 1869-72. Com- 
manded " Juniata," European station, 1874-75. Commis- 
sioned as captain December 11, 1874. Commanded 
reeeiving-ship " Colorado," 1875-78. Commanded " Pow- 
hatan," North Atlantic station, 1879-81. Member of 
Board of Inspection and Survey 1884-85. Promoted 
commodore March, 1885, and upon special duty at New 
York. Promoted rear-admiral September 4, 1887. Com- 

| manded the South Atlantic station 1 886-88. After being 
again on special duty, Rear-Admiral Braine commanded 
the navy-yard at New York in 1889-91. He was retired 
by operation of law in 1891. 

While Commander Braine was in the " Juniata," he 
went north to look for the " Polaris," and from this ship 

j Lieutenant De Long went to Cape York (latitude, 76 
north,) in the steam-cutter. 

During the same commission, the "Juniata" received 
at Santiago de Cuba over one hundred of the " Vir- 

| ginius's" prisoners. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



47 



COLONEL GEORGE M. BRAYTON. 

Colonel George M. Brayton was born in Massa- 
chusetts February 24, 1834; appointed from Ohio (civil 
life) as a first lieutenant Fifteenth Infantry May 14, 1861 ; 
promoted to captain January 3, 1863; transferred to 
Thirty-third Infantry September 21, 1866, and again 
transferred to Eighth Infantry May 3, 1869; commis- 
sioned major Fifteenth Infantry February 6, 1882; lieu- 
tenant-colonel Ninth Infantry September 6, 1886, and 
colonel Ninth Infantry in 1892. 

He was on recruiting duty from Jul}-, 1 86 1, to May, 
1862; regimental quartermaster from May, 1862, to Jan- 
uary, 1863, from whence he was ordered as mustering 
and disbursing officer at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. In 
October, 1863, he joined his regiment, which was then 
in the field at Chattanooga, Tennessee, and with it was en- 
gaged in the battle of Missionary Ridge and the action 
at Taylor's Bridge, Georgia. For gallant and meritorious 
services at Missionary Ridge he was brevetted major 
U. S A. He again acted as mustering and disbursing 
officer at Louisville, Kentucky, in October, 1864, and 
from December, 1864, to May, 1865, he was commanding 
Third Battalion, Fifteenth Infantry; provost-marshal 
District of Etowah from January to July, 1865; as- 
sistant inspector-general Department of Georgia from 
August to December, 1865. He was with his regiment 
from January to May, 1S66. From May to July, 1866, 
he commanded Batteries Gladden and Mcintosh, Mobile 
Bay, and from July, 1866, to January, 1867, he com- 
manded Fort Morgan, Alabama. On being transferred 
to the Thirty-third Infantry lie joined company at Macon, 




Georgia, from whence he did service to Atlanta, and post 
at Augusta ; in Montgomery, Alabama ; Huntsville, Ala- 
bama ; Selma, Alabama ; Fort Macon, North Carolina; 
Columbia and Newbury, South Carolina. In October, 
1870, he was ordered north to David's Island, New York 
harbor, and remained there until he was transferred West 
to Fort Rice, Dakota. From August to October, 1872, 
Colonel Brayton was on Yellowstone Expedition to 
escort surveying party of the Northern Pacific Railroad 
from Fort Rice west to Yellowstone River, Montana, and 
return. After completion of this he was ordered to Fort 
Russell, Utah, and then to join his regiment in Depart- 
ment of Arizona. 



4 8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY {regular) 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL AND BREVET BRIGADIER- 
GENERAL SAMUEL BRECK. 

Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Samuel Breck (Adjutant-General's Department) 
was born at Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massa- 
chusetts, February 25, 1834 (eighth generation from 
Edward Breck, who came to Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
from Ashton, England, in 1635). He was graduated 
from the Military Academy July 1, 1855; promoted to 
brevet second lieutenant of artillery and second lieutenant, 
First Artillery, same day. 

He served in the Florida hostilities against the Semi- 
nole Indians in 1855-56, and then was in garrison at 
Fort Moultrie, South Carolina, and Fort McHenry, 
Maryland, to 1859, when he was transferred to duty in 
the Southwest, and marched from Helena, Arkansas, to 
Fort Clark, Texas, during the same year. He then 
returned to duty at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina, where 
he remained until i860, when he was detailed at the 
Military Academy as assistant professor of geography, 
history, and ethics to April 26, 1861, and then became 



principal assistant professor of geography, history, and 
ethics, which position he occupied to December 3, 1861, 
in the mean time having again been promoted first lieu- 
tenant, First Artillery, April 11, 186 1, which grade he 
held to February 20, 1862. He was appointed captain 
and assistant adjutant-general November 29, 1861, and 
served in the war of the Rebellion from 186 1 to 1866, 
being assistant adjutant-general of General McDowell's 
division (Army of the Potomac) in the defences of 
Washington, D. C, to March 24, 1862, when he took 
the field as assistant adjutant-general of the First Army 
Corps and of the Department of the Rappahannock, 
being engaged in the "occupation of Fredericksburg, 
Virginia," April 18, 1862, and in the "expedition to the 
Shenandoah Valley," to intercept the retreat of the rebel 
forces under General Jackson, May and June, 1862. 

Captain Breck was appointed major and additional aide- 
de-camp May 2^, 1862, and major and assistant adjutant- 
general July 17, 1862, and ordered to duty in the adjutant- 
general's office at Washington, D. C, where he remained 
until 1869, in charge of rolls, returns, books, blanks, and 
business pertaining to the enlisted men of the regular 
and volunteer forces, and of the records of discontinued 
commands and the preparation and publication of the 
" Volunteer Army Register." 

At the close of the war he was made brevet lieutenant- 
xolonel September 24, 1864, " for meritorious and faithful 
services during the Rebellion;" brevet colonel March 1 3, 
1865, "for diligent, faithful, and meritorious services in 
the Adjutant- General's Department during the Rebel- 
lion;" brevet brigadier-general, U.S.A., March 13, 1S65, 
" for diligent, faithful, and meritorious services in the 
Adjutant-General's Department during the Rebellion." 

Since 1870 General Breck has had extended service 
throughout the country, his posts of duty having been 
in California, New York, Washington, D. C, Minnesota, 
Nebraska, and again at Washington, D. C, where he is 
now on duty. 

He was appointed lieutenant-colonel and assistant 
adjutant-general February 28, 1887. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



49 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOSEPH CABELL BRECKIN- 
RIDGE. INSPECTOR-GENERAL, U.S.A. 

Brigadier-General Joseph Cabell Breckinridge 
was born at Baltimore January 14, 1842. The son of the 
eminent theologian, Robert Jefferson Breckinridge, and 
grandson of Senator John Breckinridge, attorney-general 
under Jefferson, he is, through his mother, descended from 
General Francis Preston and General William Campbell, 
"the hero of King's Mountain." Educated at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, he abandoned the study of law to 
join General Nelson, and August 26, 1861, became acting 
assistant adjutant-general of his force. General George 
H. Thomas, succeeding to the command, appointed him 
an aide-de-camp. He was present at the repulse and 
overthrow of Zollicoffer at Mill Spring, Kentucky, re- 
ceiving mention from Thomas, and the campaign through 
Nashville to Shiloh. At Corinth he received, as a re- 
ward of gallantry at Mill Spring, a commission in Bat- 
tery B, Second (regular) Artillery, dated April 14, 1862. 
With his battery he was at Forts Pickens and Barrancas, 
and Pensacola, and joined the Army of the Tennessee 
before Atlanta. When McPherson was killed, July 22. 
1864, he was captured and sent to Charleston to be ex- 
posed to the fire of Union guns. Exchanged in a special 
cartel, he reached home broken in health, and served as 
mustering officer till the close of the war. He was bre- 
vetted captain July 26, 1864, and major March 13, 1865, 
" for gallant and meritorious conduct in front of At- 
lanta," and " during the war." 

After the war lie went with his regiment from Fort 
Mc Henry to California via the Isthmus of Panama. In 
1870 he became adjutant of the Artillery School at Fort 
Monroe. Promoted to a captaincy June 17, 1874. he 
was assigned to the command of Fort Foote, and in 1877 
of the artillery troops at Washington Arsenal. Promoted 
in 1 88 1 major and assistant inspector-general, and or- 
dered to the Pacific coast, where he served successively 
on the staffs of Generals McDowell, Schofield, and Pope, 
until 1885, when he was transferred to the Military Di- 
vision of the Missouri, on the staffs of Generals Scho- 
field and Terry. During the summer of 1 8S4 he received 
leave for a year, which he spent in foreign travel and in 
the stud\ r of the armies of Europe. Pie was successively 
promoted to be lieutenant-colonel and colonel, and in 
1889 inspector-general of the army, with the rank of 
brigadier-general. 

Since he was senior inspector-general of the army an 




unusual number of changes have occurred, requiring great 
and exacting labor from him and improving the efficiency 
of the army. Thus, G. O. No. 50, A. G. O. 1889, for- 
bids unnecessary military performance and inspection on 
Sunday; the Army Regulations of 18S9 improve the 
post schools ; G. O. No. 15, 1890, improve the instruction 
in colleges where officers of the army are detailed ; a 
regular officer was named in [891, for the first time, to 
inspect and instruct the militia camp of every State in the 
Union ; all inspections were applied equally to every 
branch of the service; G. O. No. 1 1, A. G. O. 1891, re- 
duced the delay in receiving post-inspection reports 
about one-half, and gave increased promptness and thor- 
oughness to remedial action ; every effort is being made 
to get younger and better men, and horses, and rations, 
and establish gymnasiums, riding-halls, and soldiers' in- 
stitutes ; and all unnecessary restrictions upon the legal 
rights of enlisted men have been removed, and the 
number of articles kept for sale at army posts has been 
doubled; the allowance of baggage has been increased, 
and an increased allowance of quarters has been recom- 
mended. 

In personal appearance General Breckinridge is a 
typical Kentuckian, and well sustains the standard of the 
Inspector-General's Department for soldierly bearing ; he 
is six feet in height, of athletic build and striking pres- 
ence, possessing the conversational powers for which his 
family are justly famous, and his flow of wit and anecdote 
is unfailing. 



So 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN KIDDER RANDOLPH BREESE, U.S.N. 

Captain Kidder Randolph Bkeese, U.S.N., was born 
in Philadelphia. Appointed midshipman November 6, 
1846, from Rhode Island; February, 1 847, was ordered 
to the "Saratoga," Commander Farragut, and served in 
heron the Mexican coast during the war. In the spring 
of 1S4S ordered to the frigate " Brandywine ;" served in 
the " Brandywine" until the expiration of her cruise, 
December, 1850. February, 1S51, joined the frigate 
" St. Laurence," then loading at New York' with articles 
for the World's Fair, at London, and made that cruise in 
her, returning in September, 1X51. Passed midshipman 
June, 1852, and was ordered to the " Mississippi," flag- 
ship of Commodore M. C. Pern-, commanding japan 
Expedition. On the return of the " Mississippi" to the 
United States, in June, 1S55, was detached and granted 
leave. In July was ordered on Coast Survey duty, and 
was engaged on that work until August, 185S. Was then 
ordered to the "Preble," on the Paraguay Expedition, 
serving in that expedition and afterwards on the Mos- 
quito coast, off Greytown, until September, 1859, when 
he was invalided home with Isthmus fever. December, 
i860, was ordered to the " Portsmouth," on the coast of 
Africa. Served on board the " Portsmouth" until August, 
i860, when he joined the " San Jacinto." Remained on 
board the "San Jacinto" until the expiration of her cruise, 



December, 1S61, during which upward of fifteen hundred 
slaves were captured on the coast of Africa, and Messrs. 
Slidell and Mason were taken from the " Trent." Decem- 
ber, 1S61, was ordered to the command of the Third Di- 
vision of Porter's Mortar Flotilla, and participated in the 
attack on New Orleans and Vicksburg, in 1862. Was 
recommended for promotion by Captain Porter for ser- 
vices at this time. July, l862,was made lieutenant-com- 
mander upon the establishment of that grade. October, 
1862, joined Admiral Porter in the Mississippi Squadron, 
and took command of his flag-ship, the " Black Hawk." 
Served in that capacity during Admiral Porter's com- 
mand, and was present or connected with all the most 
important operations on the Mississippi River and its 
tributaries during that officer's command. At the close 
of the Red River Expedition was recommended, with 
certain other commanding officers, for promotion to 
commander. On Admiral Porter being ordered, in Sep- 
tember, 1864, to command the North Atlantic Blockad- 
ing Squadron, was selected by him as his fleet-captain, 
and served in that capacity until May, 1865, when hos- 
tilities ceased. As fleet-captain was in both engagements 
at Fort Fisher, and in the subsequent operations in Cape 
Fear River. Commanded the sailors and marines in the 
naval assault on Fort Fisher, and was recommended by 
Admiral Porter for immediate promotion for services on 
that occasion. August, 1865, was ordered to the Naval 
Academy, and served there until September, 1866, as 
assistant to the superintendent, Admiral Porter. June, 
1867, to the Washington Navy-Yard, as inspector of 
ordnance. July, 1869, was detached from the navy-yard. 
June 29, 1870, ordered to the command of the " Ply- 
mouth," European Squadron. Detached from "Plymouth" 
in October, 1872. December, 1S72, ordered to duty in 
the Bureau oft )rdnance, Navy Department, and in June, 
1873, to the Naval Academy, as commandant of mid- 
shipmen. Commissioned as captain August 9, 1874, and 
in November, 1874, was, at his own request, detached 
from the Naval Academy. In January, 1875, ordered to 
report to the superintendent of the Coast Survey for duty 
as hydrographic inspector, and in June, 1875, was de- 
tached and ordered to the command of Torpedo station, 
Newport, Rhode Island, where he served until 1879. 
Commanding " Pensacola," Pacific station, 1879-S0. 
Died September 15, 1881. 



J 1 7/0 SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



Si 



CAPTAIN HENRY F. BREWERTON. 

Captain Henry I 1 '. Brewerton (Fifth Artillery) was 
born in New York June 30, 1838, and entered the mili- 
tary service from civil life, having been appointed second 
lieutenant of the Fifth U. S. Artillery May 14, 186 1. He 
was assigned to Light Batter}- K, and was at the Light- 
Artillery School of Instruction at Camp Cameron, Penn- 
sylvania, and with the Artillery Reserve of the Army of 
the Potomac until January, 1862, when he was made 
signal officer of the Artillery Brigade, and served in that 
capacity to March, 1862, at which time he was promoted 
first lieutenant. He was then detailed on recruiting ser- 
vice, and on mustering and disbursing duty, and assistant 
commissary of musters of the Department of the Sus- 
quehanna to July, 1864. Joining Light Battery B, Fifth 
Artillery, at Cumberland, Maryland, he served with it to 
October, 1866. 

Captain Brewerton participated in the Peninsula cam- 
paign from Manassas (including siege of Yorktown, 
Williamsburg to Chickahominy), and in command of 
section of light artillery protecting passage of troops 
during battles of Fair ( )aks and Seven Pines, and during 
battles of seven days (Gaines' Mill, Mechanicsville, and 
Malvern Hill) with Horse Batten- C, Third Artillery, 
under General Stoneman. He commanded a section 
covering the retreat of the army with General Averell ; 
he commanded a section of Horse Battery C, Third 
Artillery, at White Oak Swamp and White Oak Swamp 
Bridge ; he was witli General Sheridan in the Shenandoah 
campaign and commanded Light Battery B, Fifth Artil- 
lery, but was captured October 19, 1S64, and prisoner of 
war in Libby Prison, Virginia, from October, 1864, to 
April, 1S65, exchanged. At the termination of the war 
he received the brevet of captain, to date from October 
19, 1864, " for gallant and meritorious services in the 
battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia," and was promoted 
captain September 18, 1868. 

He served from 1866 to 1873 at Fort Monroe, Vir- 
ginia ; Camp Williams, Richmond, Va. ; Fort Jefferson, 
Dry Tortugas, Fla. ; Fort Preble, Maine ; and St. Al- 
bans, New York, during the Fenian raid, and was on 
special duty at Newport, Rhode Island, under the orders 
of the major-general commanding the division, and was 
transferred, in 1873, to the light battery of the regiment 
at Fort Adams, Rhode Island. His station was changed 
in February, 1875, to Charleston, South Carolina, and in 
1877 was detailed to proceed to Louisville, Kentucky, to 
purchase horses for light-artillery service. This kept 




him until July, 187S, when he was ordered to Atlanta, 
Georgia. In July, 188 1, Captain Brewerton was detailed 
as a member of the Light- Artillery Board at Washington, 
D.C., which duty was completed in September of the 
same year, when he rejoined his battery at McPherson 
Barracks, Atlanta. On December 6, 1 88 1 , he was ordered 
to Fort Hamilton, New York, in command of Light Bat- 
tery F, from which he was relieved and transferred to 
Batten- C, at Fort Monroe, Virginia, as instructor at the 
Artillery School, December 19, 1882. He was trans- 
ferred at his own request from Battery C to Battery K, 
January 10, 1883, at Fort Schuyler, New York, and 
assumed command of the last-named battery eight days 
later. 

Upon the transfer of the Fifth Artillery to the Pacific 
coast in 1889, Captain Brewerton was stationed at the 
Presidio of San Francisco, in command of Battery K, 
and was recorder of a Retiring Board at New York City 
in 1 89 1. He was placed on special duty in the Depart- 
ment of the East in 1892, where he is now located. 

While a lieutenant, he was acting regimental quarter- 
master in 1861 ; adjutant of the Artillery Reserve of the 
Army of the Potomac to January, 1862; battalion ad- 
jutant of the Fifth Artillery, acting assistant adjutant-gen- 
eral, and inspector-general at Fort Monroe from 1867 to 
1869. He commanded the post at Fort Preble, Maine, 
in 1870, and a battalion of the Fifth Artillery at St. 
Albans, Vermont, during the Fenian raids, as well as 
McPherson Barracks, Georgia, from November 12 to 
December 6, 1881. 



52 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {Regular. 




COMMANDER JOHN J. BRICE. 

Commander John J. Brice entered the volunteer navy 
in August, 1 86 r , at the commencement of the Civil War. 
His fust orders were to the U. S. steamer " Freeborn," 
Potomac flotilla; afterwards commanded the schooner 
"Bailey," the captured .steamer "Eureka," the "Prim- 
rose," and at the end of the war commanded the U. S. 
steamer "Don." He was twice promoted for gallant 
conduct, and transferred to the regular navy in 1868. He 
took part in the following engagements and expeditions: 

Engagement with the Shipping Point batteries on the 
Potomac River in 1861 ; expedition upon Yorktown in 
1862; attack upon the Acquia Creek batteries; engage- 
ment with rebel batteries at Belle Plains; landing expe- 
dition at Matthias's Point, Potomac River; cutting-out 
expedition, Piankatank River, Virginia, 1S62; Glouces- 
ter batteries, Rappahannock River, 1862; Jones's Bluff 
batteries, Rappahannock River, 1S64; boat expedition 



on the Rappahannock River in 1864; at the capture of 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1862 ; cutting-out expedition 
on Maddox Creek, 1864; landing expedition, Maddox 
Creek, and engagements with guerillas in 1864; cutting- 
out expedition to Mill Point; engagements with Cockpit 
Point batteries in 1861 ; running the Potomac River bat- 
teries at night in November, 1 86 1 , and January, 1862; 
attack upon Smith Point batteries on the Potomac River 
in 1862; attack of rebel rams, James River, 1865 ; cutting- 
out expedition, Wicomico River, in 1863; with Grant's 
army during the battles of the Wilderness and Spott- 
sylvania, protecting the submarine telegraph and the 
wounded. 

lie joined the U.S. steamer " De Soto" in 1865, and 
made a cruise in the West Indies. In 1867 he was 
ordered to the U. S. steam-sloop " Quinnebaug," and 
served in that vessel in the South Atlantic Squadron until 
1S70. He was stationed at the Hydrographic ( )ffice, 
in Washington, after his return, but in August of that 
year was ordered to the U. S. steamer " Saco," of the 
European Squadron, — being afterwards transferred to the 
"Franklin." In 1872 he was at the Torpedo School at 
Newport. In 1873 lie was attached to the U. S. steamer 
" Richmond," of the Pacific fleet, and was transferred to 
the U. S. steamer " Saranac," being attached to that 
vessel when she was wrecked, at Vancouver, in June, 
1875. During 1S76 he was on duty at the Naval Ob- 
servatory, in Washington, and, in 1878, was ordered to 
the navy-yard at Mare Island. After making a cruise 
in the" Lackawanna" in the Pacific, he again returned to 
duty at Mare Island, whence he was sent to the Isthmus 
of Panama, during the operations of the U. S. forces in 
keeping the transit open. In 18S5 he was ordered to the 
"Iroquois," of the Pacific Squadron. In 18S8 he took 
the course at the Naval War College at Newport ; and 
in 1889 was stationed at the navy-yard, Washington. In 
1890 he was ordered to duty upon the United States Fish 
Commission. 



WHO SERVED IN THE C/J IL WAR. 



53 



PAYMASTER-GF.NERAI. HORATIO BRIDGE, U.S.N. 

(RETIRED.) 

Paymaster-General Horatio Bridge, U.S.N, (re- 
tired), was born in Augusta, Maine, April S, 1S06. He 
was educated at Bowdoin College, and graduated in the 
class of 1825. He studied law at the Northampton Law 
School, and practised it at Augusta for a few years ; then 
left the legal profession ami entered the navy February 
19, 1838, as purser. 

May 3, 1838, he was ordered to the sloop-of-war 
" Cyane," and made a cruise of three years in the Mediter- 
ranean. December 7, 1843, he was ordered to the sloop- 
of-war "Saratoga," and made a cruise of two years on 
the west coast of Africa, on returning from which he 
published the "Journal of an African Cruiser." 

April 1, 1845, he was ordered to the navy-yard at 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 

April 9, 1846, he was ordered to the frigate "United 
States," the flag-ship of Commodore Read, and made a 
three years' cruise on the African and European stations. 

July 17, 1849, he was ordered to the navy-yard, Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire. 

November 6, 1851, he was ordered to the sloop-of- 
war " Portsmouth," of the Pacific Squadron, from which 
vessel he was detached December 3, 1853, and ordered 
home. 

September 21, 1854, he was appointed chief of the 
Bureau of Provisions ami Clothing. 

April 8, 1 868, he was transferred to the retired list, 
with the title of paymaster-general and relative rank of 
commodore. 




April 8, 1869, he resigned as chief of bureau. 

July 6, 1869, he was appointed chief inspector of pro- 
visions and clothing. 

February 8, 1873, he was detached from duty, under 
the provision of law prohibiting the employment of navy 
officers on the retired list except in time of war. 

Paymaster-General Bridge now resides at " The Moor- 
ings," Athens, Pennsylvania. 

He is well known as an accomplished writer and most 
capable officer, who enjoyed the intimacy and confidence 
of the different Presidents and Secretaries under whom 
he served so long in his most responsible position. 



54 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY regular) 




CAPTAIN HENRY K. BRINKERHOFF. 

Captain Henry R. Brinkerhoff (Fifteenth Infantry) 
was born in Ohio October 9. 1S36. He entered the vol- 
unteer service in the early days of the Rebellion, as first 
lieutenant of the Thirtieth 1 Ihio Infantry, August 29, 
1861, and participated in the Vicksburg campaign of 



1863, being engaged in the siege, assaults, and capture of 
Vicksburg, Mississippi, June, and July of that year. 

He was honorably mustered out of the Thirtieth Ohio 
Infantry July 26, 1863, in order to accept the lieutenant- 
colonelcy of the Fifty-second U.S. Colored Troops July 
27, and with his regiment participated in the Maryland 
campaign of the Army of the Potomac, being engaged 
in the battles of South Mountain ami Antietam, Mary- 
land, September 15, 16, and 17, 1862, and in the actions 
of Coleman's Cross-Roads, Mississippi, in 1S64. 

He was in the Department of the South, with colored 
troops, from this time until 1S66. He resigned June 20, 
[865, but was reappointed lieutenant-colonel of the Fifty- 
second U. S. Colored Infantry September 16, 1S65, from 
which he was honorably mustered out May 5, 1866. 

Colonel Brinkerhoff then entered the regular service, 
by receiving the appointment of second lieutenant of the 
Fifteenth U.S. Infantry. lime 3, 1867, and served with 
his regiment in the Department of the South, in Texas, 
New Mexico, and Dakota, at various stations. He was 
promoted first lieutenant November 7, 1867, and captain 
September iS, 187S. Since joining his regiment lie has 
participated in its movements, both by rail- and wagon- 
road, and is at present stationed at Fort Sheridan, 
Illinois. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



55 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL 
HENRY B. BRISTOL (retired). 

Captain and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Henry 
B. Bristol was born in Detroit, Michigan, April 25, 
1S38. Me was appointed second lieutenant of the Fifth 
Infantry, May 15, 1S57, from civil life. He participated 
in the expedition to Utah under Colonel Albert Sydney 
Johnson in 1857. He was at Fort Bridger in 1858, and 
Camp Floyd, Utah, in 1859. He was promoted first 
lieutenant May 13, 1861, and captain June 1, 1861. He 
served during the war of the Rebellion, and was employed 
in scouting on the Spanish trail to New Mexico, and 
then stationed at Fort Marcy, Albuquerque, and Fort 
Defiance, when he participated in the Navajo campaign, 
and scouting the San Juan country and Chasco Valley. 
Then he was at Forts Craig and Union. He was en- 
gaged with Confederates at Los Perios. He pursued 
the hostile Texans down the Rio Grande to Fort 
Sumner. 

He was appointed military superintendent of Navajo 
Indians at Bosque Redondo Reservation, and was acting 
commissary of subsistence and agent until 1866. 

Captain Bristol was brevetted March 13, 1S65, as 
major, for " faithful and meritorious services in New 
Mexico;" and lieutenant-colonel for " faithful and meri- 
torious services in New Mexico, and particularly for his 
untiring zeal and energy in controlling the Navajo tribe 
of Indians at the Bosque Redondo Reservation, and for 
his praiseworthy efforts in advancing their condition from 
that of savages to that of civilized men." 




In 1S66 Captain Bristol was detailed on recruiting ser- 
vice in New York harbor, anil Detroit, Michigan, in 
1867. He was then stationed at Bedloe's Island, and 
was employed in conducting recruits to San Francisco, 
and returned to Chicago on recruiting duty in 1868. 
1 [e was at Fort Reynolds, California, in 1869 ; Forts Har- 
ker, Larned, and Dodge to 1871, and then was employed 
along the line of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail- 
way, west to the Colorado line, engaged in the Comanche 
campaign. He was also engaged in the Sioux campaign, 
and at Fort Keogh, Montana, from 1877 to date of re- 
tirement, March 20, 1879. 



56 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (.regular) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHN R. BROOKE. 

Brigadier-General John R. Brooke was burn in 
Pennsylvania July 21, 183S. He entered the military 
service at the commencement of the war of the Rebellion 
as captain in the Fourth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infan- 
try April 20, 1861, and was appointed colonel of the 
Fifty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers November 7, 1X61, 
serving in the field with the Army of the Potomac, 1861- 
65 ; he was in command of his regiment in the campaign 
commencing March 10, 1862, from the defences of Wash- 
ington to the Rappahannock' River, Virginia; returning 
to Alexandria, Virginia, thence by transport ships to 
Ship Point, York River Bay; was in the campaign cul- 
minating in the Seven Days' Battles before Richmond, 
Virginia; he was in the second Bull Rim and Antietam 
campaigns, August and September, 1862 ; in advance of 
reconnoissance from Harper's Ferry to Charlestown, 
Virginia, October, 1862 ; in Fredericksburg campaign to 
December, 1S62; in Chancellorsville campaign, May, 
1863; in Gettysburg campaign to Jul)-, 1 S63 ; in cam- 
paign (October, 1863) resulting in the effort of Lee to 
turn the right of the Army of the Potomac, during which 
occurred the combats at Auburn Mills and Bristoe Sta- 
tion ; following this, late in November, was the Mine- 
Run campaign, with several combats and skirmishes; in 
camp at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, from December 29, 

1863, to March 26, 1864; in the Wilderness campaign 
of 1864 to Cold Harbor, Virginia, when he was severely 
wounded and granted leave of absence to September 16, 

1864. Colonel Brooke then received the commission of 
brigadier-general of volunteers "for distinguished ser- 
vices during the recent battles of the Old Wilderness 
and Spottsylvania Court-House, Virginia." During the 
war he participated in the siege of Yorktown, battles of 
Fair Oaks (wounded), second Bull Run, Antietam, Fred- 



ericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg (wounded) ; 
skirmishes at Bank's Ford of the Rappahannock and 
Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia, as well as a skirmish at 
Falling Water, where part of Lee's army crossed the 
Potomac, after Gettysburg; combats at Auburn Mills 
and Bristoe Station ; several combats and skirmishes in 
the Mine Run campaign, November, 1863 ; battle in the 
Old Wilderness ; combats on the Po River; successful as- 
sault of" Salient" at Spottsylvania Court-House, and again 
May 16, 1S64, capturing on May 12 a large number of 
prisoners and man}- pieces of artillery ; combats at North 
Anna and Tolopotomy ; assault of enemy's works at Cold 
Harbor, at daylight on June 3, 1864, during which Colo- 
nel Brooke's command penetrated the works and he was 
severely wounded. Colonel Brooke exercised the com- 
mand of a brigade on numerous occasions during the 
war while a colonel, and commanded a special detach- 
ment of five regiments of infantry, three regiments of 
cavalry, and two batteries of artillery, the advance of a 
reconnoissance commanded by General Hancock-, from 
Harper's Ferry, Virginia, to Charlestown, Virginia, Octo- 
ber, 1S62; camp of veteran volunteers at Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania, December 29, 1863, to March 26, 1864; on 
recovering from the wounds received at Cold Harbor, 
Colonel Brooke was detailed on special duty to March 
1 i, 1865, at which time he joined his command in the 
Army of the Shenandoah, where he remained until Au- 
gust 10, 1865, when he was placed on court-martial duty 
to February 1, 1S66, when he resigned from the service. 
On the 28th of July, 1866, General Brooke was ap- 
pointed lieutenant-colonel of the Thirty-seventh L\ S. 
Infantry, and was made brevet colonel, U. S. A., March 
2, iSf>7, " for gallant and meritorious services in the battle 
of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania;" brevet brigadier-general 
U. S. A., March 2, 1S67, " for gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices in the battle of Spottsylvania Court-House, Vir- 
ginia;" brevet major-general of volunteers August 1, 18114, 
"for gallant and meritorious services in the battles of Tolo- 
potomy and Cold Harbor, Virginia." Proceeding to the 
plains, he served at various stations in the West until 
transferred to the Third U. S. Infantry March 15, 1869, 
whereupon he joined his regiment at Holly Springs, Mis- 
sissippi, serving in the neighborhood of New Orleans 
until ordered with his regiment to Pennsylvania during 
the labor riots of 1877, upon the completion of which 
duty his regiment was transferred to Montana. lie was 
promoted colonel of the Thirteenth Infantry March 20, 
1879, but transferred to the Third Infantry the following 
June; then appointed brigadier-general U. S. A. April 
6, 1 888, and assigned to the command of the Department 
of the Platte, which command he now holds. General 
Brooke took active part and was present in the Sioux 
campaign of 1890-91, at Pine Ridge Agency, South 
Dakota. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



57 



COLONEL AND BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL 
HORACE BROOKS (retired). 

Colonel and Brevet Brigadier-General Horace 
Brooks was born in Massachusetts, and was appointed 
to the Military Academy through the application of 
General Lafayette, from which he graduated July I, 1835, 
and was assigned to the Second L T nited States Artillery, 
passing through all the various grades of that arm of the 
service to that of colonel of the Fourth Artillery, Au- 
gust 1, 1863. 

His first war experience was with the Indians in 
Florida, being engaged in the combat of " Withlacoochie" 
and action of " Oloklikaha," March 31, 1836, for which 
lie was brevetted first lieutenant. He was then ordered 
tn duty as assistant professor of mathematics at the Mili- 
tary Academy, where he remained until 1S39. He was 
then on frontier, recruiting, and garrison duty until the 
breaking out of the Mexican War, when he was sent to 
Tampico (old Mexico) with the first troops that occupied 
it, and was ordered to the neck, or only road by land to 
the city, which he was ordered to hold at all hazards. 

During the Mexican War he was engaged in the siege 
of Vera Cruz, battles of Cerro Gordo, Amazoque, San 
Antonio, Contreras, Churubusco, Molino del Rey, Cha- 
pultepec, and capture of the City* of Mexico. He was 
brevetted a major " for gallant and meritorious conduct in 
the battles of Contreras and Churubusco," and lieutenant- 
colonel " for gallant and meritorious conduct in the battle 
of Molino del Rey." 

During the Canada War received a letter from the 
judge of the court (that tried McCloud) for handling his 
company with much discretion on the critical occasion, 
and he escorted McCloud to Montreal, with General 
Anderson, and turned him over to the civil authorities. 
Received the compliments of General Mansfield, in- 
spector-general, for having one of the best-drilled com- 
panies in New Mexico in 1S51; received the formal 
thanks of the citizens of Santa Fe, New Mexico, for 
cutting through the palace and placing a mountain 
howitzer in position to flank the plaza, there being fears 
of an insurrection of the Spanish population, which 
caused the Americans to stand guard night and day. On 
garrison and frontier duty, including the Utah expedi- 
tion, Indian skirmishing, and the border troubles in 
Kansas, to 1861, Inning been engaged in a skirmish with 
Utah Indians April 28, 1855; also in a skirmish near 
the head-waters of the Arkansas River, while stationed 
at Fort Massachusetts, New Mexico. 

At beginning of Civil War was in command of the 
Light-Battery School of Practice ; transferred his com- 
mand by way of Chicago to Baltimore, through a recep- 
tion of artillery salutes as he passed through the States. 
February 22, 1861, passed his companies in review before 
8 




President Buchanan, the event causing some excitement ; 
had a light battery stationed at the Treasury Department 
prepared for action on the inauguration of President 
Lincoln ; soon after was placed in command of a steamer, 
sailing under sealed orders, which proved to be Fort 
Pickens, Pensacola, and took part in the council of war 
which was held to determine whether the fort should be 
held or abandoned ; was in command at Tortugas at the 
time of the Mason and Slidell capture, and suppressed a 
strike by the New York Wilson Zouaves, which might 
result in consequence of the labor in mounting heavy 
guns ; ordered by Secretary of War to the command of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; superintendent of volunteer 
recruiting at Columbus, Ohio, at the time of the Morgan 
Raid; also chief mustering and disbursing officer ; was 
for some time commissioner for the States of Maryland 
and Delaware on account of the Freedman's Bureau ; 
was detached on the board to select officers from the 
volunteer service to appointments in the regular army. 
Relieved General Canby in the command of the Depart- 
ment of Washington ; was in command of Fort Wash- 
ington and the Fourth Regiment of Artillery at the time 
of the attack on Washington City by General Early. 

At the close of the Civil War Colonel Brooks was hon- 
ored with the brevet of brigadier-general in the United 
States Army for meritorious services during the war. 

Title of A.B. conferred by the faculty of Geneva (New 
York) College in 1 838 ; made an honorary member of the 
Literary and Historical Society of Sioux City, Iowa ; and 
life-member of a rifle club at San Francisco, California. 

General Brooks was retired from active service in 1 <S 7 7 . 
His mother was Maria Gowen Brooks, the authoress of 
" Zophiel and other Poems ;" and Doctor Southey, after 
quoting from " Zophiel," adds that " Maria del Occi- 
dente was the most imaginative and impassioned of 
all poetesses." 



5» 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




SURGEON-GENERAL JOHN MILLS BROWNE. 

Surgeon-General John Mills Browne was born in 
Hinsdale, New Hampshire, May 10, 1831 ; graduated at 
the medical department of Harvard University in March, 
1852, and appointed assistant surgeon from New Hamp- 
shire March 26, 1853. 

His first duty was on board the store-ship " Warren," 
Lieutenant-Commanding Fabius Stanley, at Saucelito, 
opposite San Francisco. The naval station at Mare 
Island was just then in contemplation, and Commander 
Farragut had been sent out, to get the plans under way, 
as the first commandant. He was obliged to live on 
board the " Warren" until some sort of quarters could be 
provided <>n shore. Dr. Browne was medical officer of 
this naval establishment until May, 1855, a characteristic 
and critical period in the settlement of California. Dr. 
Browne was next ordered to the steamer" Active," 
which was engaged in the survey of the coasts and 
harbors of California, Oregon, anil Washington Terri- 
tories, and in the winter of 1855—56 (with the " Massa- 
chusetts" and " Decatur") in the Indian war in Puget 
Sound. In the summer of 1857 the " Active" was en- 
gaged, with H.M.S. "Satellite," in settling the northwest 
boundary. 

After this long tour of duty on the Western coast, Dr. 
Browne came East, was promoted to passed assistant 
surgeon, and ordered to the "Dolphin," of the Home 
Squadron, in June, 1858. She was commanded by John 
N. Maffit, so well known afterwards as the commander 
of the Confederate " Florida." In August, 1858, the 
" Dolphin" captured the brig " Echo" off Cape Verde, 
Cuba, with over three hundred African slaves on board. 
The prize was sent to Charleston, South Carolina, and 
the negroes were taken to Liberia in the " Niagara." 



When the Paraguay Expedition was sent out, Dr. Browne 
was ordered to the steamer " Atlanta," Captain Daniel 
B. Ridgely, and detached before sailing. After short ser- 
vice at the Naval Hospital at Norfolk, he was attached 
t< > the sloop-of-war " Constellation," flag-ship of the Afri- 
can Squadron, which we were at that time bound by con- 
vention to keep on the West Coast. During the cruise 
the " Constellation" captured, off the Congo River, the 
bark " Cora," with seven hundred and five slaves, who 
were sent to Liberia. 

Dr. Browne was commissioned as surgeon June 19, 
1 86 1, and ordered to the steam-sloop " Kearsarge," a 
ship which will always be celebrated in the annals of 
our navy. She was sent on " special duty" to the Euro- 
pean waters in 1861, visiting all the ports of the British 
and continental littoral where she was likely to find the 
Confederate corsairs. At last, when in command of 
Commander Winslow, she found the " Alabama" in Cher- 
bourg. The preparations for the engagement which be- 
came necessary were like those for a battle " in the lists," 
and when the hour sounded the champions came forth. 
The " Kearsarge" destroyed the " Alabama" in one hour 
and two minutes. Special trains came from Paris to 
witness the fight. The " Kearsarge" then went to Brazil, 
to look for the " Florida," which was supposed to be 
about Fernando Noronha. Disappointed in the search, 
she returned to the LTnited States. 

After some temporary duty, Dr. Browne was, in April, 
1865, ordered back to the scene of his original duty in 
California, where he superintended the building of the 
Naval Hospital at Mare Island, and was in charge there 
for nearly ten years, with the exception of a cruise as fleet- 
surgeon of the Pacific Squadron. This latter post he 
again filled, after he had been made medical inspector in 
the regular course of promotion. He was commissioned 
medical director October 6, 1878, and then came East 
again. During 1880-82 he served as president of the 
Medical Examining Board at Washington, and was a 
member of the Board of Visitors to the Naval Academy 
in 1 88 1. In the same year he went to London, England, 
as the naval representative at the International Medical 
Congress ; was a member of the National Board of Health 
in 1883, and in charge of the Museum of Hygiene at 
Washington from 18S2 to 18S5. During that time he 
also served on the Board of Naval Regulations. In 18S4 
Medical Director Browne was naval representative at the 
International Medical Congress at Copenhagen, and from 
[885 t<> 1 888 served as a member of the Naval Retiring 
Board. He became chief of Bureau of Medicine and 
Surgery, with the title of Surgeon-General of the Navy, 
April, 1 888. 

Surgeon-General Browne is said to wear the very high- 
est honors of the Masonic fraternity, and is a distinguished 
member of club and official societv in Washington. 



WHO SERJED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



59 



MEDICAL INSPECTOR GEORGE R. BRUSH, U.S.N. 

Medical Inspector George R. Brush, U.S.N., was 
born at Smithtown, Suffolk County, Long Island, New- 
York, on the third day of November, 1836, and his 
early youth was passed upon his father's farm in that 
town. 

When at the proper age he took the course of aca- 
demic study at the well-known Seminary of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Conference at Pennington, New Jersey, 
then under the mastership of the Rev. J. Townley 
Crane, D.D. 

Brush then entered the office of Lafayette Ranney, 
M.D., of the city of New York, as a student of medicine. 
His courses of lectures were taken at the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons (now the medical department 
of Columbia College), and in due course he was gradu- 
ated from that institution in March, 1858. 

Soon after graduation he began the practice of his 
profession at the village of Sayville, of the town of Islip, 
in Suffolk County, New York, which place has continued 
to be his usual residence. 

The breaking out of the Civil War, however, altered his 
plans, and drew him, as well as so many thousand others, 
into embarking upon a very different career from that 
which they had contemplated. 

Accordingly, on the 2d of September, 1861, — having 
passed the required examination before a board of naval 
surgeons at the Naval Hospital at Brooklyn, New York, — 
he was appointed an assistant surgeon in the U. S. Navy 
by the Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy. This 
appointment was confirmed by the Senate on the 24th of 
January following, and his commission issued. 

During the war of the Rebellion he served on board 
the U. S. frigate " Potomac," of the West Gulf Block- 
ading Squadron, and on board the U. S. receiving-ship 
" North Carolina," at New York, — a position of great 
responsibility for a medical officer, as that was the great 
naval recruiting-point. 

Dr. Brush was promoted to the grade of passed assist- 
ant surgeon in April, 1865, and to that of surgeon in 
February, 1872; commissioned as medical inspector in 
November, 1889. 




His service at sea, which aggregates sixteen years, was 
made on the Atlantic, Pacific, and Asiatic stations. 

While attached to the U. S. S. " Wateree," he witnessed 
the bombardment of Callao, Peru, by the Spanish squad- 
ron, on May 2, 1866; was attached to the " Saranac" 
when she was wrecked in Seymour Narrows, British 
Columbia, in June, 1S75. 

His latest service afloat was on board the U. S. S. 
" Omaha," bearing the flag of Rear-Admiral George E. 
Belknap, on the Asiatic station. 

His shore duty, of more than twelve years, has been 
mostly at the rendezvous in New York, and on board the 
receiving-ship at the same place. 

It has included service at the U. S. naval hospitals at 
Norfolk, Virginia, and at Mare Island, California. He 
has also been stationed at the U. S. Naval Academy at 
Annapolis, and at the U. S. Naval Laboratory, Brooklyn, 
New York-. 

Dr. Brush is a son of Philetus Smith and Dorothy Ann 
Brush, and the eighth in descent from Thomas Brush, 
who settled at Southold, Long Island, about 1650. His 
paternal and maternal ancestors served as commissioned 
officers in the First Regiment of Suffolk County, State of 
New York, during the war of the American Revolution. 



6o 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NA VY (regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL ANDREW BRYSON. U.S.N. 

Rear-Admiral Andrew Bryson was born in New 
York City, July 25, 1822. Was appointed a midshipman 
from New York December 1, 1837, by President Van 

Buren, his father's personal friend, and made his first 
cruises in the "< hitario," " Levant," and "Constellation," 
West India Squadron, until 1842, when he was ordered 
to the Naval School at Philadelphia, and on lune 29, 
1843, promoted to passed midshipman, serving on the 
frigate " Macedonian" and sloop " Decatur" on the coast 
of Africa. In 1845 he served on the "Michigan" on 
the great lakes, and in 1849 " n tne "John Adams." 
January 30, 1850, he was promoted to "master," and 
was executive officer on the store-ships "Erie" and 
"Relief." Promoted to lieutenant August 30, 1S51; 
he was transferred to the brig " Bainbridge" at Monte- 
video, South America, September 2, to cruise off the 
coasts ,,f Brazil and Africa. He was next attached to 
the receiving-ship " ( >hio" at Boston, and in 1856 was on 
the "Saratoga." On this cruise the steamers "Gen. Mira- 
mon" and " Marquis de la Habana" were captured off 
the Mexican coast, in which affair Lieutenant Bryson, 
commanding the " Indianola," captured the former after 
a running fight. They also brought from San Juan 
Walker's filibustering party. In 1858 he was executive 
officer of the "Preble," Paraguay Expedition, returning 
late in 1860. In January, r86l, he was attached to the 
New York Yard, actively engaged fitting out vessels 
until October 10; he was then ordered to command the 
"Chippewa" one of the "ninety-day" gun-boats, and sent 
to the blockade, taking part in the capture of Fort 
Macon and action at Stony Inlet. July 16, 1862, he- 
was commissioned commander, and, September 2c;, sent 
to Europe on special service, returning to blockade early 



in 1863. The " Chippewa," under his command, was the 
first gun-boat of the class to cross the Atlantic. June 23, 
1863, he was detached, and August 4 ordered to com- 
mand the monitor " Lehigh." On the way to Charles! on, 
South Carolina, the ship was nearly lost off Ilatteras, 
seas breaking over turret and pilot-house, washing away 
the ship's bell, which hung six and a half feet above the 
deck. On April 4, 1864, a medical survey was held 
without his request, and he was ordered home shattered 
in health. The work was severe. September 18, 1863, 
he reported, " up to this elate the 15-inch gun has been 
fired forty-one times, the 8-inch rifle twenty-eight, and 
the ship has been struck thirty-six times." Again, No- 
vember 4, "engaged for the past nine days, in company 
with the ' Patapsco' ami shore-batteries, in bombard- 
ment of Port Sumter, during which time I have thrown 
from the 8-inch rifle four hundred and eight percussion- 
shells, and from the 15-inch smooth-bore twenty-four." 
The actions were almost continuous; and his conduct 
on December 2, 1863, when he was slightly wounded, 
the ship, being aground and subjected to the concentrated 
fire from nine separate batteries, was specially com- 
mended. May 24, 1864, he was again on duty at the 
New York Yard. October 13 ordered to command the 
" Essex," Mississippi fleet. October 24 to command the 
seventh, and on April 19, 1865, the eighth division. May 
5 fleet-captain, and August 19 detached. April 6, 1866, 
to March, 1868, he commanded the "Michigan." On 
June 3, 1866, he captured the "Fenian" raiders on their 
return from Canada, and on July 25, 1866, was promoted 
to captain. 1868-71 he was at the Boston Yard, in 
command of the receiving-ship " ( )hio," and on Board 
duty. September 19, 1 87 1, to July 28, 1873, he com- 
manded the " Brooklyn," European squadron, and was 
commissioned commodore February 14, 1873. Sep- 
tember 15, 1874, to Jul_\- 27, 1876, he commanded the 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Navy- Yard; was President 
of the Board to examine the class of 1876 at Annapolis, 
and engaged on Hoard and other duty to 1879. Sep- 
tember 8, 1879, to Inly 25, 1881, he commanded the 
South Atlantic station, flag-ship " Shenandoah," and was 
promoted March 25, 1880, to rear-admiral. On January 
30, 1883, he was retired at his own request, and spent the 
remainder of his days quietly at his home in the city of 
Washington. 

"In all his long record there is not a blemish against 
his high character and honor, and he was greatly beloved 
by his fellow-officers. He was a man of a retiring dis- 
position, excessively modest, but one of the best informed 
men of the navy." lie was of Scotch ancestry, and his 
father, the late David Bryson, was prominent in New- 
York City affairs. Died in Washington, D.C., February 
7, 1892- 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



6 1 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL HORACE BLOIS BURNHAM 
(retired). 

Lieutenant-Colonel Horace Blois Burnham was 
born in Columbia County, New York, September 10, 
1S24. He was admitted to the bar at Wilkesbarre, 
Pennsylvania, August 12, 1844, and practised law in the 
courts of that State until 1 861. He commenced the or- 
ganization of a three-years' regiment of volunteers July 
26, 1 S6 1, and entered the volunteer service as lieutenant- 
colonel ofthe Sixty-seventh Pennsylvania Infantry, October 
31,1 861. He took station at Annapolis, Man-land, April 
3, 1862, and accompanied the regiment to Harper's Ferry, 
Virginia, in February, 1863, and in April of the same 
year was stationed at Berryville, Virginia, from whence 
he joined the forces at Maryland Heights June 16, and 
escorted stores, ordnance, etc., from Harper's Ferry to 
Washington City. 

Colonel Burnham joined the Army of the Potomac 
with his regiment in the following July, and participated 
in all its actions and campaigns during that year. He 
took part against the attack by General Early June 10; 
joined Milroy's forces and engaged in the affair at Ope- 
quan River, Virginia, and participated in the battle of 
Winchester, Virginia, during the 12th, 13th, and 14th of 
June, 1S63. He was on temporary duty in New York- 
City during the draft riots, and was ordered to Wash- 
ington, D. C, December 26, [863, as judge-advocate of 
a general court-martial. 

Colonel Burnham was honorably mustered out of the 
line, October 31, 1864, to accept the position of a major 
and judge-advocate from that date, when he was de- 
tailed as judge-advocate of general courts-martial under 
orders of the War Department until 1866, when he 
was placed on duty in the Bureau of Military Justice 
until April 18, 1867, when he was assigned as chief 
judge-advocate ofthe First Military District, Richmond, 
Virginia, and continued so engaged until June, 1870; 
he was additionally assigned as judge of the Hustings 
Court, Richmond, Virginia, September 11, 1867, and 
was relieved and appointed one of the judges of the 
Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia June 9, 1869, 
and elected president thereof; performed such duty 
until relieved June 1, 1870; June 3, 1870, he was as- 
signed to the Department of the South ; April 24, 1872, 
additionally assigned to temporary duty in the Depart- 
ment of Texas ; from this he was relieved November 2, 
1 872, and assigned to duty in the Department ofthe Platte, 




and judge-advocate, head-quarters, Department of the 
Platte, Omaha, Nebraska; he was relieved from duty 
September 10, 1S86, and assigned to duty in the Depart- 
ment of California and Military Division of the Pacific, 
San Francisco, California, until retirement. 

Colonel Burnham was transferred to the permanent 
establishment of the U. S. Army February 25, 1867, and 
received the brevets of lieutenant-colonel and colonel of 
volunteers March 13, 1865, "for faithful and meritorious 
services during the war." Upon being relieved from duty 
in the Department ofthe Platte, September 1, 1886, Gen- 
eral Crook, department commander, in General Orders 
No. 11, Head-quarters Department ofthe Platte, I. 1S86, 
said : " The department commander takes this occasion 
to express his appreciation of Colonel Burnham's con- 
scientious fidelity to his duties during his long term of 
service in this department" (nearly fourteen years). In 
anticipation of his retirement, General Howard, the divi- 
sion commander, directed the following communication : 
"The division commander desires to express to you his 
esteem and his thanks for the faithful and zealous manner 
in which you have performed the duties of judge-advocate 
of this division and of the department of California. You 
will carry with you the best wishes of the staff officers 
for your welfare and happiness." 

He was promoted lieutenant-colonel and deputy judge- 
advocate-general Jul)- 5, 1884, and was retired from active 
service by operation of law, September 10, 1888; and 
since retirement has occupied his farm, " Aspen Shade," 
near Richmond, in Henrico County, Virginia. 



62 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY ^regular) 




AMBROSE E. BURNSIDB (deceased). 

Ambrose E. Burnside (deceased) was bom in Indiana, 
and graduated from the Military Academy July I, 1847. 
I Ie was promoted brevet second lieutenant Second Artil- 
lery the same day, and second lieutenant of the Third 
Artillery September 8, 1847. He served in the City of 
Mexico during the winter of 1 847-48, and when peace 
had been established with that republic he was stationed 
at boit Adams, Rhode Island, from which point he was 
ordered to Las Vegas, New Mexico, and was engaged 
in a skirmish there with Jacarillo .Apache Indians, 
August 23, 1849, in which he was wounded. During 
the years 1850-5 I he was at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri ; 
he was with the .Mexican Boundary Commission from 
April, 1851, to March 16, 1852. 

He was promoted first lieutenant December 12, 1851, 
and was at Fort Adams in 1852-53, and resigned 
( Ictober 2, 1S53. 

After leaving the army he became a manufacturer of 
fire-arms at Bristol, Rhode Island, from [853 to [858. 
I le was major-general of Rhode Island militia in 1855-57. 
He invented the Burnside breech-loading rifle in 1856, 
and was member of the Board of Visitors to the Military 
Academy the same year. He was cashier of the Land 
Department of the Illinois Central Railroad Company in 
1858-59, and treasurer of the same railroad in 1860-61. 

At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion 
he was appointed colonel of Rhode Island \ r olunteers 
Ma}- 2, 1 86 1, and served in defence of Washington in 
Patterson's operations about Cumberland, Maryland, and 
participated in the Manassas campaign, being engaged in 
the first battle of Hull Run, July 21, 1861. He was 
mustered out of service August 2, 1861. 

On the 6th of August, 1861, he was appointed brig- 
adier-general of volunteers, and served in command of 



Provisional Brigade near Washington, and was then 
employed in organizing a Coast Division at Annapolis, 
Maryland, to January 8, 1862. 

General Burnside was then placed in command of the 
Department of North Carolina, and was engaged in the 
battle and capture of Roanoke Island ; attack of New- 
Berne, North Carolina ; attack on Camden and bombard- 
ment of Fort Macon, resulting in its capture April 26, 
1862. For these affairs he received a sword of honor 
from the State of Rhode Island, in testimony of his ser- 
vices at Roanoke Island. 

He was appointed major-general of volunteers March 
18, 1862, and from July 6 to September 4, 1862, he was 
in command of the reinforcements to the Army of the 
Potomac, concentrated at Newport News, Virginia, and 
subsequently at Fredericksburg, constituting the Ninth 
Army Corps. General Burnside participated in the Mary- 
land campaign, in command of the right wing of the 
Army of the Potomac, and of the Ninth Corps, and was 
engaged in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam. 
Afterwards he had general charge of Harper's Ferry, 
Virginia, ami Second and Twelfth Corps, until November 
10, 1862, and on this date, while marching towards Fal- 
mouth, he was assigned to the command of the Army 
of the Potomac, relieving General McClellan. He 
commanded the Army of the Potomac in the battle 
of Fredericksburg, December 11— 13, 1S62, and in 
March, 1863, was relieved and ordered to the West, 
where he commanded the Department of the Ohio. 
He participated in the capture of Cumberland Gap 
and occupation of East Tennessee, and was engaged 
in the actions of Blue Springs and Lenoir, combat of 
Campbell's Station, and siege of Knoxville. He was 
engaged in recruiting the Ninth Army Corps from 
January 12 to April 13, 1864, and then commanded 
that corps in the Richmond campaign with the Army of 
the Potomac, being engaged in the battles of the Wilder- 
ness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Tolopotomy, Bethesda 
Church, and siege of Petersburg, including the Mine 
assault Jul\- 30, 1864. He was then on leave of absence 
and waiting orders to April 15, 1865, when he resigned 
his commission. 

In 1864 General Burnside received the thanks of Con- 
gress for " gallantry, good conduct, and soldier-like 
endurance" in North Carolina and Fast Tennessee. 

After leaving the service, General Burnside was direct' >r 
of the Illinois Central Railroad Company and in the 
Narragansett Steamship Company ; president of the 
Cincinnati and Martinsville Railroad Company ; of Rhode 
Island Locomotive Works at Providence ; and of the 
Indianapolis and Vincennes Railroad Company. lie was 
also governor and captain-general of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations. He was also U.S. senator from 
that State, and died September 13, 1881. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



63 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ANDREW SHERIDAN BURT, 

U.S.A. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Sheridan Burt (Sev- 
enth Infantry) was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Nov. 21, 1839. 

In April, 1K61, he volunteered in the Sixth Ohio In- 
fantry, and Jul}-, the same year, he accepted a first lieu- 
tenancy in the Eighteenth United States Infantry. The 
command was attached that fall to the Third Brigade, 
First Division, of the Army of Ohio, Colonel Robert L. 
McCook and Brigadier-General George LI. Thomas 
commanding respectively. 

Lieutenant Burt was detailed as aide-de-camp on the 
brigade staff. At the battle of Mill Springs he was 
wounded, and was brevetted for gallant services; he was 
appointed additional aide-de-camp on the staff of Gen- 
eral Halleck and assigned to serve with Colonel McCook. 
The same year he was made assistant adjutant-general 
of the brigade, and continued as such until Colonel 
Mi Cook's death. 

In January, [863, he reported to General Rosecrans, 
commanding the Army of the Cumberland, and by him 
was assigned to the inspector-general's department of his 
staff, serving so through Hoover's Gap and Tullahoma 
campaigns, advance beyond Chattanooga, and in the bat- 
tle of Chickamauga. He was commended in reports by 
the commanding general for services in these campaigns 
and battle of Chickamauga. Captain Burt was specially 
mentioned for gallant service in that battle by Major- 
General Alexander McCook, commanding the corps. 
In the fall of 1883, at his own request, he relinquished 
his staff appointment and took command of his Company 
F, First Battalion, Eighteenth Infantry. He commanded 
that company in the charge on Missionary Ridge. Gen- 
eral Palmer, on the Ridge, thanked the company. 

Captain Burt commanded his Company F, Eighteenth 
Infantry, part of the Regular Brigade of the Fourteenth 
Army Corps, in the Atlanta campaign, and was in all 
the actions participated in by his regiment from Buzzard's 
Roost to Jonesboro', and received the personal thanks of 
the detachment commander for gallant services in the last 
battle. He was mentioned in reports for services in the 
Atlanta campaign by the detachment commander as well 
as by General Thomas. He was brevetted major 1864, 
for gallant services in Atlanta campaign and at the battle 
of Jonesboro'. Major Burt marched, in [866, with his 
company, from Fort Leavenworth to Fort Bridger. 

In the fall of 1877, while in command of a detachment 
of recruits en route to Fort McKinney, he was attacked 
by Indians under Red Cloud, at Crazy Woman's Fork, 
and the Indians were beaten off. 

While in command of Fort C. F. Smith, Montana, in 
1868, he had two successful skirmishes with hostile 
Indians. From 1865 until 1878 Major Burt, in command 
of his company, was nearly every year changing sta- 




tions or on expeditions with .ill the difficulties of march- 
ing on the frontier in the hostile Indian days. 

He was on Stanley's Yellowstone I^xpeclition in 1873; 
with Colonel Dodge's command as escort to the Jenney 
expedition to the Black Hills in 1875; General Crook's 
expedition, 1876, and commanded a battalion of two com- 
panies in the attack' by Indians on the command camped 
on Powder Ri\ er. 

At the battle of the Rosebud, General Crook having 
ordered the withdrawal of Colonel Royal's battalion of 
cavalry from a certain position on the field, the retreat 
became a rout under the Indians' hand-to-hand assault. 
Major Burt, with his company, and that of Major Bur- 
rows, was detailed " to stop those Indians," which the two 
companies did, and the hard-pressed cavalry battalion was 
rescued from a precarious position. At " Slim Buttes," 
same campaign, Major Burt commanded a battalion in 
the repulse of an Indian attack'. In 1S77 Major Burt, 
with his company, was part of General John King's com- 
mand, sent to Chicago during the riots. In 1X79 his 
company was especially selected to proceed to Hastings, 
Nebraska, to protect Judge Gaslin in holding court against 
the possible interference < if In istile cowboys, some of their 
members being tried at the time for an atrocious murder. 
The major and his company received public thanks and 
commendation of Judge Gaslin and the officials for the 
manner in which the duty on this occasion was performed. 

While in command at Fort Bidwell, California, in 1885, 
the citizens of that region, in a series of published reso- 
lutions, thanked Major Burt for his successful efforts in 
preventing an Indian outbreak'. 

He was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the Seventh 
Infantry, January 1, 1888. 

Colonel Burt is the author of \V. F. Cody's (Buffalo 
Bill) most successful play, " May Cody, or Lost and 
Won." 



f>4 



OFFICERS OF THE ARM) AND NAVY {regular) 




PAY INSPECTOR ARTHUR BURTIS. U.S.N. 

Pay Inspector Arthur Burtis, U.S.N., was born in 
New York, and appointed assistant paymaster from that 
State by Mr. Lincoln in 1862, in accordance with the 
request of the Honorable Hamilton Fish and Senator 
Preston King. These gentlemen had been classmates of 
Assistant Paymaster Burtis's father, — a clergyman who 
was for man_\- years a resilient of Buffalo. His great- 
grandfather and great-great-grandfather both served in 
the Revolutionary War; the older being at the time 
sixty-four, and his sun twenty-two years of age. 

His first orders were to duty under Admiral Farragut 
in the "Sagamore," but on the way there in' the supply 
steamer " Rhode Island" contracted yellow fever, and 
he was sent north. lie was then, upon recovering his 
health, ordered to the " Connecticut," employed in con- 
voying the California steamers through the Carribean 
Sea, rendered necessary by the fact that the " Alabama" 
had recently overhauled the " Ariel," with mails and pas- 
sengers. The " Connecticut," of the North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, was next on the blockade, captur- 
ing four noted blockade-runners, all with valuable car- 
goes. She also caused the destruction of four more, in 
the course of which duty she was engaged with Fort 
Fisher. 

From 1864 to [866 Paymaster Burtis was attached 
to the " Muscoota," of the Gulf Squadron, and had the 
yellow fever a second time on board that vessel, off the 



Rio Grande, in 1866. The only medical officer died, and 

the vessel went to Pensacola, where she received a sur- 
geon and other officers necessary to take the ship north. 
She proceeded to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where 
the ship's company were landed and placed in quarantine. 

While undergoing this unpleasant experience in the 
" Muscoota," he was promoted to paymaster May 4, 1 8( i( >. 

From 1867 to 1S69 he was stationed at League Island. 
From 1870 to 1873 was attached to the "Brooklyn," 
which ship brought the body of Admiral Farragut from 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, to New York, and then 
went for a cruise in European waters. In 1S71 he was 
appointed fleet-paymaster. 

Upon his return home, after service at the Bureau of 
Provisions and Clothing, Navy Department, 1873, he- 
became inspector of provisions and clothing at the navy- 
yard, Philadelphia, from 1 S74 to 1 S77. Most of the time 
he had the additional duty of paymaster of the receiving- 
ship " St. Louis." In 1 878 he was a member of the Board 
(il Examiners, lie was again ordered to League Island, 
but after about a year's service there went to the prac- 
tice-ship " Constellation" for her summer cruise with the 
cadets of the Naval Academy. After this he was for 
some time inspector of flour, etc., for the navy, at New 
York. From 1S83 to 1886 he was attached to the 
" Galena," of the North Atlantic Squadron. The " Ga- 
lena" was at Aspinwall in the spring of 1885. During 
the rebellion on the Isthmus, and when that city was 
burned, the officers and crew of the ship prevented much 
destruction of property and loss of life. The "Galena'' 
also captured at St. Andrew's Island filibustering steamer 
" City of Mexico" in February, 1886. From June, [866, 
to May, 1889, was the paymaster of the navy-yard, New 
York. He next went to the " Vermont," receiving-ship 
at New York, and in January, 1890, was ordered as fleet- 
paymaster of the Pacific Squadron in the flag-ship 
" Charleston." The " Charleston" brought King Kala- 
kau from the Sandwich Islands to California and took 
his remains back to Honolulu in January, 1891. From 
the" Charleston" he was transferred to the flag-ship " San 
Francisco," 31st March, 1891. The "San Francisco" 
was in Chili during the revolution in 1891, and was in 
Valparaiso when Balmaceda's army was defeated and the 
Congressional forces captured that city August 2X, 1891. 
Was promoted to pay inspector 21st September, [89] ; 
was detached from the flag-ship " San Francisco" 30th 
January, [892. lie is at present general storekeeper at 
the navy-yard, Norfolk, Virginia. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



65 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL EDMOND BUTLER, U.S.A. 
(retired). 

Lieutenant-Colonel Edmond Butler (retired) was 
born in Ireland March 19, 1827. He was appointed 
second lieutenant Fifth Infantry at the outbreak of the 
war, and detailed to accompany General Baird (after- 
wards inspector-general) in inspection of Kansas and 
Missouri troops. In 1862, remustering and consoli- 
dating Kansas volunteers, and officially complimented 
by General Hunter for settling, without resort to force, 
" difficult and delicate" matters affecting Kansas troops. 
He was in New Mexico in 1862, and Texas 1864, and 
rebuilt Fort Bliss after reoccupation. Having been 
promoted captain, 1864, in 1S65 he commanded an ex- 
pedition against the Navajos, inflicting severe loss on 
them. In September, 1865, he received the formal sur- 
render of Manoelito Grande, and sent two thousand 
prisoners to the Reservation. He was recommended for 
brevet for gallantry and success. In letters from his I 
head-quarters, November 16 and 17, 1865, General Carle- ] 
ton wrote, " To Captain Edmond Butler I owe many 
thanks." "To the efficiency and straightforward course 
and the energy and good sense of Captain B. I owe a 
great deal of the luck I get credit for as a commander." 

In June, 1868, Captain Butler was ordered in attend- 
ance on General Sherman, and in December, with a small 
infantry force, he exhumed the bodies of the killed in the 
Forsyth affair, on the Arickaree Fork, under fire of 
main body of Sioux under Two Strike, and extricated 
his small force from a perilous position. In 1869, in the 
Indian operations on the Smoky Hill, with two soldiers 
he narrowly escaped capture. He volunteered for expe- 
dition against the Pawnees under General Woods, and 
commanded expedition after General Woods was dis- 
abled by illness. In 1874 he served through the ex- 
pedition against the Kiowas and Comanches, under 
General Miles. 

In September, 1876, Captain Butler cut a road through 
the Bad Lands north of the Yellowstone. In the cam- 
paign against Sitting Bull he commanded the centre at 
Cedar Creek, and in subsequent pursuit. He was shot at 
by Gall while relieving an outpost. He participated in 
campaign against the confederated Sioux and Cheyennes 
under Crazy Horse, and on January 8, 1877, led a 
charge against the Indians fortified on a high peak of 
the Wolf Mountains, and massing in rear of Miles's posi- 
tion. In his report General Miles said, "Captain But- 
ler's horse was shot under him while gallantly leading a 
successful charge on the extreme left." He recom- 
mended Captain Butler for brevet, " for conspicuous 
gallantry in leading his command in a successful charge 
against superior numbers of hostile Indians strongly 
posted." This recommendation was approved by Gen- 
9 




erals Sherman, Sheridan, and Terry. At the close of 
the campaign General Miles wrote Captain Butler as 
follows : " In leaving the regiment, be assured you have 
the thanks and good-will of its commanding officer for 
your hard service in the field and fortitude in action." 

Nothing in his service, however, touched him so 
deeply as a letter signed by every enlisted man of his 
company who was in the charge, thanking him " for the 
gallant manner in which he led the charge on the 8th of 
January, in which they had the honor of participating, 
and for the kindness he had shown them in so many 
different ways heretofore." 

Captain Butler was promoted major in 1885. He com- 
manded Fort Townsend, Washington. Commanded 
Bellevue Rifle Range three consecutive years; marks- 
man, 1883, 1884, 1885. Sharpshooter marksman, 1888. 
He was recorder of Board of Visitors to School of 
Application in 1887, and was in Pine Ridge campaign, 
1890-91, commanding troops in night march from Rush- 
ville, Nebraska, to the Agency, and his regiment during 
the campaign. At its close he received a copy of a letter 
to General Brooke, in which the Secretary of War and 
the General of the Army express a hope " that some 
opportunity may be presented for the promotion of this 
most deserving officer." He was promoted lieutenant- 
colonel in March, 1892. 

Upon retirement from active service in March, 1891, 
after examination by the Bar Committee for the Seventh 
Judicial District of Montana, he was admitted to the Bar 
of that State. 

Colonel Butler is the author of an " Essay on the 
Indian Question," honorably mentioned by the Board 
of Award of the Military Service Institution for 1880. 
After the fall of Sumter he wrote a series of articles in 
French for Parisian and Brussels papers, presenting the 
Union side of the question to Continental Europe. 



66 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR JOHN G. BUTLER. 

Major John G. Butler (Ordnance Department) was 
born in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, January 23, 1842, and 
graduated from the Military Academy June 11, 1863. 
He was then promoted second lieutenant of the Fourth 
Artillery, but transferred to the Ordnance Department 
January 29, 1864. He served during the war of the 
Rebellion, in the Army of the Cumberland, from August, 
1863, to January, I 864, participating in the campaign of 
that army, and engaged at the battle of Chickamauga, 
for which he received the following complimentary 
notice, in the report of first lieutenant F. L. D. Russell, 
Fourth Artillery: "Lieutenant Butler, the only officer 
with me, distinguished himself by his cool and gallant 
conduct and rendered me the most essential service." 
He was brevetted first lieutenant for " gallant and meri- 
torious services in the battle of Chickamauga," Sep- 
tember 20, 1863. 

Lieutenant Butler was then stationed at Chattanooga, 
Tennessee, and Bridgeport, Alabama, until he was or- 
dered on recruiting duty in January 1864, which duty 
he, by permission, declined. lie was then ordered to 
appear at Washington, for examination for transfer to 
the Ordnance Department, and upon being transferred 
was stationed at Frankford Arsenal, Pennsylvania, as 
assistant ordnance officer, from February 1 to December 
1 1, 1864, being detached May 19 to July I, to arm and 
equip New Jersey troops. He sailed, under sealed 



orders, November, 1S64, in charge of ordnance stores 
and material, to anticipate the arrival of General Sher- 
man's army on the Atlantic coast. 

After performing this duty, Lieutenant Butler was 
detailed as assistant to the inspector of ordnance in 
New York, Boston, Philadelphia, West Point, and Read- 
ing, to January, 1867, and assistant constructor of ord- 
nance at Scott Foundry, Reading, Pennsylvania, to June, 
[867. In the mean time he was promoted first lieuten- 
ant, to date from March 7, 1867. Upon being relieved at 
Reading, he was ordered as assistant at Fort Leavenworth 
Arsenal, Kansas, where he remained until May, 1870. 
lie was then placed on detached duty in Philadelphia 
until the following September, when he was ordered to 
Fort Monroe Arsenal, Virginia, as assistant. From 
May to September, 1873, the lieutenant was on detached 
duty at the U. S. Ordnance Agency, New York, then 
assistant to the constructor of ordnance to April 22, 
1876, in the mean time having been promoted captain 
June 23, 1874. 

In May, 1876, captain Butler was ordered as assistant 
at Watervliet Arsenal, New York, and in May, 1880, 
transferred to Watertown Arsenal, Massachusetts, as 
assistant. On the 5th of April, 1883, his station was 
changed to Rock Island Arsenal, as assistant, and in 
September, 1886, to the National Armory at Spring- 
field, Massachusetts ; then to the St. Louis Powder 
Depot, in January, 1S88, and subsequently to the com- 
mand of the Augusta Arsenal, Georgia, his present 
station. 

He was promoted major of ordnance September 15, 
1890. 

Major Butler is the son of John B. Butler, major and 
paymaster in Mexican War, on staff of General Taylor, 
and later in Ordnance Department, U.S.A., and grandson 
of John Butler, whose military records for three genera- 
tions extend back through the four great wars in which 
the country has been engaged, — the war of the Revolu- 
tion, the War of 18 12, the Mexican War, and the war 
of the Seceding States, 1861-65. Major Butler is the 
author of " Projectiles and Rifled Cannon," and of vari- 
ous articles and publications upon the subjects of ord- 
nance, the national defence, etc. He is also the inventor 
of the " Butler projectile," in use with rifled guns for the 
past ten or twelve years, ami in the proof of both breech- 
and muzzle-loading guns adopted in U. S. service. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



67 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL RICHARD N. BATCHELDER. 

Brigadier-General Richard N. Batchelder (quar- 
termaster-general, U.S.A.) was born in New Hampshire 
July 27, 1832. At the outbreak of the Rebellion he en- 
listed in the First New Hampshire Regiment, and was 
appointed regimental quartermaster April 30, 1861. In 
fifteen days after his appointment he had the regiment 
uniformed, armed, and equipped, and field-transportation 
provided for baggage, tents, and supplies. It was this 
comprehensive grasp of details and this energy of execu- 
tion which early brought him to the attention of field- 
commanders, and secured for him rapid promotion until he 
became chief quartermaster of the Army of the Potomac, 
which position he filled with great credit to himself dur- 
ing the closing year of the war. No officer of the Quar- 
termaster's Corps was complimented with more brevet 
rank, and few officers of the line or staff received higher 
encomiums in official reports. He was appointed captain 
and assistant quartermaster and assigned to duty as chief 
quartermaster, Corps of Observation, in August, 1861. He 
was made chief quartermaster. Second Division, Second 
Corps, Army of the Potomac, March, 1862; lieutenant- 
colonel and chief quartermaster, Second Corps, January, 
1863 ; acting chief quartermaster, Army of the Potomac, 
June, 1 864 ; and colonel and chief quartermaster, Army of 
the Potomac, August, 1864. He was brevetted major, 
lieutenant-colonel, and brigadier-general of volunteers, 
and major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel, United States 
Army, for faithful and meritorious service during the war. 

It was as chief quartermaster of the Army of the Poto- 
mac, however, that his great powers were fullest displayed, 
having charge of the immense baggage-trains of that great 
force, the duties of which position would have crushed 
the ordinary mind ; yet he handled this great train of five 
thousand wagons and thirty thousand horses and mules 
on the campaign from the Rapidan to the James with 
a magical control. Some distinguished officer has said 
" that a man who can successfully handle the supply-trains 
of an army is capable of commanding that army." 

In his " History of the Second Corps," General Francis 
A. Walker says, " Colonel Batchelder was one of the best, 
if not himself the very best, contribution made by the 
volunteer force to the supply department of the army. 
His subsequent promotion to be chief quartermaster of 
the Army of the Potomac and his present high position in 
the regular army are evidence of the manner in which his 
duties with the Second Corps were discharged. However 
exacting the demands of the infantry or the artillery, of the 
commissariat or the hospital service, they were always met, 
and met so easily that it seemed the simplest thing in the 




world to be done. It was impossible that the roads could 
become so bad as to keep the Second Corps trains back. 
No matter how the troops were marched about, — by day 
or by night, in advance or in retreat, — the inevitable six- 
mule wagon was always closebehind. . . . The service ren- 
dered to the troops by this sagacious and efficient officer 
could hardly be over-estimated." " It is with officers of 
such qualifications that it is desirable we should fill up 
the standing army," wrote Grant, when he recommended 
Batchelder for appointment in the regular army. Said 
the gallant Hancock : " I consider him (Batchelder) the 
most efficient officer of the department in the volunteer 
service." Said General Meade : " General Batchelder's 
services for the two years I commanded the Army of the 
Potomac are well known to me. He not only managed 
his important department with great judgment and skill, 
but rendered me essential service on the battle-field as 
a staff-officer, showing high personal gallantry in the 
immediate presence of the enemy." " No officer," says 
Howard, " with whom I have had the fortune to serve 
ever had, at all times, my more complete confidence." 
" He has not a superior in ability and experience. Much 
of the success of my department is due to his untiring 
intelligence and faithful service. ... He merits the high 
commendation awarded him by all his superiors," was 
the opinion of General Ingalls, who was Batchelder's 
superior officer in the Quartermaster's Corps. " He is 
one of the most intelligent and able officers of the Quar- 
termaster's Department. I greatly relied upon his ability 
and zeal, and was never disappointed," wrote Quarter- 
master-General Meigs. 



68 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN LESTER A. BEARDSLER, U.S.N. 

Captain Lester A. Beardslee was born in Little 
Falls, New York, February I, 1836. Appointed acting 
midshipman March 5, 1850; sloop "Plymouth," East 
Indies, May, 1851, to January, 1855; participated in 
one battle and several skirmishes with Chinese army 
at Shanghai; Naval Academy, October, 1855, to June, 
1856. 

Promoted to passed midshipman June 20, 1S56; steam- 
frigate" Merrimac," special service, 1856-57 ; sloop " Ger- 
mantown," East India Squadron, 1857-60. Promoted 
to master January 22, 1858. Promoted to lieutenant 
July 23, 1859 ; sloop " Saratoga," coast of Africa, 1S60-63. 
Promoted to lieutenant-commander July 16, 1862; mon- 



itor " Nantucket," North Atlantic Squadron, January to 
May, 1S63; participated in attack of the iron-clad fleet 
on the defences of Charleston Harbor, April 7, 1863; 
steam-sloop " Wachusett," special service, on coast of 
Brazil, cruising for rebel privateers, ( )ctober, 1863, to Jan- 
uary, 1 865 ; participated in capture of rebel steamer 
"Florida" at Bahia, by "Wachusett," October, 1864; 
commanded prize steamer " Florida," from October, 1864, 
and brought her to Hampton Roads, Virginia; steam- 
sloop " Connecticut," special service, West Indies, 1865 ; 
commanded steam-gun-boat "Aroostook," 1S67-68, 
taking her to East India Squadron from Philadelphia ; 
commanded steamer " Saginaw," Pacific Squadron, Octo- 
ber, 1868; executive of steam-sloop " Lackawanna," Pa- 
cific Squadron, 1868-69. 

Commissioned as commander June 12, 1869; Hydro- 
graphic Office, Navy Department, 1869-70; steamer 
" Palos," April, 1870, to January, 1871 ; took her to East 
Indies; Hydrographic ( )ffice, January, 1871-72; Navy- 
Yard, Washington, May, 1872, to April I, 1875; mem- 
ber of United States Board for testing iron, steel, and 
other metals, April, 1875, to April, 1879; commanding 
sloop "Jamestown," Alaska, April, 1879, to October, 
1880. 

Promoted to captain November, 1880; leave of ab- 
sence, 18S2-83; commanding receiving-ship "Frank- 
lin," 1SS3-84; commanding steam-frigate "Powhatan," 
June, 1884, to June, 1886; Torpedo Station, 1887; wait- 
ing orders, 18S8; commanding receiving-ship "Ver- 
mont," July, 1SS8-91. 

November 9, 1891, assumed command of Naval Sta- 
tion, Port Royal, South Carolina; and at this date — 
June, 1 S92 — he remains in command at Port Royal. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



69 



CAPTAIN JOHN H. CALEF. 

Captain John H. Calef (Second Artillery) was born 
at Gloucester, Massachusetts, September 24, 1841. He 
is the great-grandson of Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin, of 
the Revolutionary army, first colonel of engineers of the 
U. S. Army; also, a great-grandson of Colonel John H. 
Calef, of Kingston, New Hampshire, an officer of the 
Revolutionary army. 

Captain Calef graduated at the V. S. Military Academy 
June 17, 1862, and was promoted second lieutenant of 
the Fifth Artillery the same day. He was transferred to 
the Second Artillery October 6, 1S62, and served in the 
field with the Army of the Potomac. He participated in 
the Peninsula campaign, and was engaged in the action 
of Malvern Hill August 5, 1862; in the Northern Vir- 
ginia campaign, and engaged in the battle of second Bull 
Run August 29,30, [862; in the Maryland campaign, 
and engaged in the battle of Antietam September 17, 
1862; skirmish at Sharpsburg September 19, 1862, and 
march to Falmouth, Virginia ; in the Rappahannock cam- 
paign and engaged in Stoncman's raid towards Rich- 
mond ; in the battle of Chancellorsville May 2-4, 1863, 
and several skirmishes; in the Pennsylvania campaign, 
in command of his batten 1 , and engaged in the skirmish 
of Upperville, Virginia, June 21-22, 1863 ; battle of Get- 
tysburg, Pennsylvania, Jul)- 1-4, [863, and skirmishes at 
Williamsport, July 6, Boonesboro, Maryland, July 8-9, 
and Funkstown, Maryland, July 10, 1863 ; and in pur- 
suit of the enemy to Warrenton, Virginia; in the Rap- 
idan campaign and engaged in several skirmishes Sep- 
tember, 1863, and wounded September 15 at Raccoon 
Ford. 

He was promoted first lieutenant of the Second Artil- 
lery November 4, 1863, and was on leave of absence from 
February 14 to April, 1864, when he rejoined in the field 
and participated in the Richmond campaign, being en- 
gaged in the battle of Cold Harbor June I, 1864; skir- 
mished at Bottom Bridge June 3-4, 1864; battle of 
Trevilian Station June 11-12, 1864, and action of St. 
Mary's Church June 24, 1864. He was then on sick 
leave until the following September; but rejoining in 
the field, participated in the Richmond campaign and 
was engaged in the siege of Petersburg ; combat of Boyd- 
ton Plank Road October 27, 1864; destruction of Stony 




Creek Station December I, 1864, and skirmish at Belle- 
field 1 )ecember 9, 1864. 

Lieutenant Calef was appointed adjutant of the Second 
Artillery November 6, 1864, and, after a short leave of 
absence, was with regimental head-quarters at Fort 
Mcllenry to July, 1865, when the regiment was trans- 
ferred to the Pacific coast. 

He was brevetted captain July 6, 1864, for " gallant 
and good conduct in the battle of Gettysburg, and in the 
campaign from the Rapidan to Petersburg, Virginia;" 
and major March 13, 1865, "for good conduct and gal- 
lant services during the Rebellion." 

Lieutenant Calef served on the Pacific coast from 
1865 to 1872. lie was judge-advocate of a "travelling 
general court-martial" in 1868-69, making the tour of 
Arizona. His regiment being transferred to the Atlan- 
tic coast in 1872, he was on duty at Fort McHenry, 
Maryland, to May, 1875, when he was ordered to the 
Artillery School at Fort Monroe, Virginia, remaining 
there until April 8, 1888, during which time he was 
instructor in the " Art of War" and " Tactics," and 
compiled a work on " Military Policy and History of 
Ancient and Modern Armies," and one on " Description 
and Service of Machine-Guns." 

He was promoted captain of the Second Artillery 
March 16, 1875, and is at present on duty in command 
of Fort Schuyler, New York. 



7° 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY A XT' NAVY [regular) 




CAPTAIN 1). F. CALLINAN (retired). 

Captain D. F. Callinan (retired) was born in county 
Kerry, Ireland, July 24, 1839. '' e carne to the United 
States when a boy. Enlisted in Company E, First In- 
fantry, September 5, 1S60. Served at Forts Arbuckle 
a\m\ Washita, Indian Territory. Left Indian Territory 
for Kansas May 1, [861, the command consisting of six 
companies, — First (now Fourth) Cavalry and five com- 
panies First Infantry, — under command of Major Emmy. 
During the first day's march were followed by Texan 
troops. When camp was reached line of battle was 
formed, Company E, First Infantry, as artillery; the 
cavalry were sent out and, without filing a shot, made 
the Texans prisoners. Next morning they were given 
hack their arms ami released, Arrived at Fort Leaven- 
worth May 31. 

In June assisted in the capture of a company of rebels 
at Liberty, Missouri, who were a few hours afterwards 
given back their arms (shot-guns and squirrel-rifles) and 
released. The command returned to Leavenworth, re- 
maining a few 1 lays at Kansas City. He was appointed 
corporal August 1, 1861, and quartermaster-sergeant 
of post on September 15 ; appointed first sergeant in 
January, 1862, and scouted through Missouri in 1862. 
lie was stationed at Fort Scott, Kansas, during the 
winter, and returned to Fort Leavenworth in February, 
[863; resigned the position of first sergeant, and was 
appointed sergeant-major of post. He joined his regi- 
ment in the Army of the Tennessee, operating against 
Vicksburg ; was acting sergeant-major of battalion for 
about two weeks ; asked a volunteer officer who sat 



beside him one day what he thought of Vicksburg, etc. ; 
the officer said he did not know, and inquired the ser- 
geant's opinion. The sergeant said if Grant was the man 
they said he was, they would have it by the Fourth of 
July anyhow. After the officer left, the men informed 
him that it was General Grant to whom he was talking. 
A few days after this he was placed in command of a 
siege-gun within a short distance of Fort Hill, and 
remained in command until the surrender. 

In August, 1863, he was appointed first lieutenant of 
colored troops, and reported to Brigadier-General J. P. 
Hawkins as aide-de-camp. October 2 he received the 
appointment of second lieutenant First Infantry, and was 
appointed commissary of musters, acting assistant adju- 
tant-general, acting inspector-general, and acting ordnance 
i ifficer. He was relieved at his own request in May, 1 864, 
and joined his regiment in New Orleans, and promoted 
first lieutenant in 1S66. He was almost constantly in 
command of companies until November, 1867, when he 
was appointed commandant of the New Orleans military 
prison. He turned the building over to the civil author- 
ities in August, 1868, and again took command of his 
company. He was quartermaster and commissary at 
Fort Brady, Michigan, from July, 1869, to October, 1871, 
the last six months being also post-adjutant. He was 
in command of about one hundred recruits at Fort 
Wayne, Michigan, from January to May, 1874; post 
quartermaster and commissary of Fort Sully, 1 )akota, 
from July, 1874,10 July, 1875 ; commanding detachment 
of recruits at Fort Randall during the winter of 1876-77; 
in Chicago during labor riots. In November, sent to 
New Spotted Tail Agency, to superintend construction 
of barracks ; on leave of absence for four months, from 
September, 1878; promoted captain Jul)- 1, 1879, and 
stationed at Forts Sully and Meade from July, 1879, to 
May, 1880; employed with company in building road at 
mouth of Pecos River from December, 1SS0, to March, 
1881 ; building road into pinery, near Fort Davis, Texas, 
December, 1 881, and January, 1SS2 ; took part in Apache 
campaign in Arizona and New Mexico in 1882; on gen- 
eral recruiting from October, 1SX4, to October, 1886; on 
leave for four months ; in command of Angel Island 
March and April, 1888; in summer camp at Santa Bar- 
bara ; in command of Angel Island January to March, 
[889 ; member of board to locate quarantine station ; in 
summer camp at Monterey and Santa Cruz, California ; 
on sick leave for six months from January, 1890; took 
part in Sioux campaign, 1890-91 ; on sick leave for two 
months from January, 1 891; in command of company 
from April to October 29, 1 891. Retired October 22, [891. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



/i 



COLONEL JOHN CAMPBELL (retired). 

Colonel John Campbell (retired) entered the United 
States service as an acting assistant surgeon June II, 
1X47, and arrived at Vera Cruz, Mexico, July 20 follow- 
ing, when he was placed on duty at the Castle of San 
Juan d'Ulloa, from which duty he was relieved in October, 
and ordered to the command of Major-General Patterson. 
He arrived in the City of Mexico December 7, 1847, and 
on the 13th of the same month was appointed assistant 
surgeon U. S. Army. He was afterwards transferred 
to Tacubaya. He returned to Albany, New York, in 
July, 1848, and was ordered to New Orleans, where he- 
reported October 24, 1848, and was then directed to pro- 
ceed to San Antonio, Texas, where he remained, dointr 
duty at various points, until the early part of 1850, when 
he was directed to proceed to California via the Isthmus 
of Panama. He arrived at Monterey, California, after a 
voyage of sixty-five days from Panama, and was subse- 
quently stationed at Benicia and Sonoma. 

In Ma>-, 1 85 1, Dr. Campbell was detailed to accom- 
pany the escort to the Indian Commissioner, and in Jul)' 
arrived at Camp Bidwell, California, returning to Sonoma 
in September following. In October, 1851, he was 
ordered with two troops of the first Dragoons on an 
expedition to Port Orford, Oregon, and was engaged in 
a skirmish with Indians on the Coquilla River. He re- 
turned to Benicia December 12, 185 1. After serving at 
various other stations, and having had six months' leave 
of absence, he was ordered to report to the head-quarters 
of the army at New York City, from Albany, New York, 
September 28, 1854, and was stationed successively at 
Fort Wood, West Point, Carlisle Barracks, Fort Craw- 
ford, Minnesota, Fort Ridgely, Minnesota, and was then 
assigned to duty with a battalion of the Second Infantry, 
August 22, 1856, on the march to the Missouri River, 
where they arrived, opposite Fort Pierre, September 23 
of that year. On the 6th of November he was directed 
to proceed to Fort Leavenworth, and there received 
a leave of absence, rejoining for duty at West Point 
June 1, 1857. 

At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion, 
Dr. Campbell was on duty at Plattsburg Barracks, New 
York, and on the 29th of January, 1861, accompanied 
the two companies stationed there to Baltimore, Mary- 
land. On the 2 1st of July, 1862, he arrived at New York 
from Pensacola, Florida, and was stationed in and about 
that city until August, 1863, when the Board for Retire- 




ment of Officers, of which Dr. Campbell was a member, 
was transferred to Wilmington, Delaware. 

On the 1st of October, 1863, he was transferred to 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as medical director of the 
Department of the Susquehanna, which he retained until 
October 28, 1 865, when he was detailed as attending 
surgeon-in-charge of invalid officers. He continued on 
this duty to November 23, 1865, when he was ordered to 
Augusta, Georgia, as medical director of the Department 
of Georgia. On the 26th of June, 1866, he was transferred 
to Madison Barracks, New York, remaining there until 
November 25, 1867, when assigned to duty at Fort Trum- 
bull, Connecticut. 

In 1870 he was ordered to the Department of Dakota, 
and assigned to duty temporarily as medical director, but 
subsequently ordered to duty at Fort Randall, Dakota, 
where he remained until 1872, when his station was 
changed to Fort Adams, Rhode Island. In 1S78 he was 
ordered to Atlanta, Georgia, as medical director of the 
Department of the South. In 1880 he was at Newport 
Barracks, Kentucky, and remained on duty there until 
1883, when he was ordered to New York City, where he- 
was attending surgeon until retired from active service 
September 16, 1885. 

Dr. Campbell was promoted captain and assistant sur- 
geon December 13, 1852; major and surgeon May 21, 
1861 ; lieutenant-colonel and surgeon November 8, 1877 ; 
and colonel and surgeon December 7, 1884. 



72 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL EDWARD 
R. S. CANBY (deceased). 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General Edward R. 
S. Canby was born in Kentucky and graduated from the 
U. S. Military Academy in the class of 1839. He was 
promoted upon graduation as second lieutenant. Second 
Infantry, July 1, 1839. During part of the Florida War 
(1839-42) he was on duty as quartermaster; 1840-42, 
assisted in conducting the emigrating Indians to Arkan- 
sas, after which he performed garrison duty at Fort 
Niagara, New York, to 1845, and was in recruiting ser- 
vice from 1845 to 1846. From March 24, 1 S46, to March 
3, 1847, he was adjutant of the Second Infantry, and 
while serving in this capacity was promoted first lieuten- 
ant Second Infantry, June 18, 1 S46. 

He was brevetted captain of staff and served as 
assistant adjutant-general from March 3, 1847, to March 
3, 1855. During the war with Mexico, 1846-48, he was 
engaged in the siege of Vera Cruz, March 9-29, 1847; 
and participated in the battles of Cerro Gordo April 17-18, 
1847; Contreras, August 19-20, 1847, and Cherubusco, 
August 20, 1847; and was brevetted major " for gallant 
and meritorious conduct in the battles of Contreras and 
Cherubusco, Mexico." He participated in the assault 
and capture of the City of Mexico September 13-14, 1847, 
and was "brevetted lieutenant-colonel September 13, 
1S47, for gallant conduct at the Belen Gate of the City 
of Mexico." 

During 1847 and 184.X he was assistant adjutant-gen- 
eral of General Riley's brigade, and from February 2~, 
1 S49, to February 22, 1851, he served in the same 
capacity to the Pacific Division. On February 22, 1851, 
he was ordered to Washington, D. C, for duty in the 
adjutant-general's office, and remained on duty there until 
March 3, 1 S55, on which date he was promoted major 
Tenth Infantry. 



While on duty in the adjutant-general's office he made 
a tour of inspection of the posts on the Arkansas and 
Red Rivers in Florida, and on the Gulf coast east of the 
Mississippi River, November 30, 1S53, to July 15, 1854. 
He performed the usual garrison duties at Carlisle bar- 
racks, Pennsylvania, 1855, and frontier duty at the posts 
of Fort Crawford, Wisconsin, 1855-56; Fort Snelling, 
Minnesota, 1856-57; and at Fort Garland, New Mexico, 
i860. He accompanied the Utah expedition, 1857-60, 
and commanded the Navajo expedition in 1860-61. 

He was promoted lieutenant-colonel Nineteenth In- 
fantry May 14, 1 86 1, and was in command of the Depart- 
ment of New Mexico from June 2^,, 1861, to September 
18, 1862. During January and February, 1862, he was 
engaged in the defence of Fort Craig, New Mexico, and 
participated in the combat of Valverde, February 21, 
1S62, and action of Pualta, April 15, 1862. 

On March 31, 1S62, he was commissioned brigadier- 
general U. S. Volunteers and was placed in command of 
the draft rendezvous at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, March 
7, 1862, to January 15, 1863 ; detailed on special duty in 
the War Department until May 7, 1864, and then took 
command of the city and harbor of New York, to sup- 
press draft riots. 

He was promoted major-general U. S. Volunteers May 
7, 1864. 

He was in command of the Military Division of West 
Mississippi May 16, 1864, to June 3, 1865, and while on 
a tour of inspection was severely wounded by rebel gue- 
rillas on White River, Arkansas, November 4, 1864; and 
in command of the forces in the Mobile campaign, March 
to May, 1865, which resulted in the capture of Spanish 
Fort April 8, and of Blakely April 9, 1865. On March 
13, 1865, he was brevetted brigadier-general U. S. Army 
for gallant and meritorious services at the battle of Val- 
verde, New Mexico. On April 12, 1865, he occupied 
Mobile, Alabama ; and Montgomery, Alabama, on April 
2j, 1865; ami on March 13, 1865, he was brevetted 
major-general U. S. Army for gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices in the capture of Fort Blakely and Mobile, Ala- 
bama. 

The rebel arm)' under Lieutenant- General R. Taylor 
surrendered to him April 4, and also the rebel forces in 
the Trans-Mississippi Department, under General E. K. 
Smith, May 26, 1S65. 

Promoted brigadier-general U. S. Army July 28, 1866. 
He was mustered out of the volunteer service Septem- 
ber 1, 1866. 

General Canby twice received the thanks of the Presi- 
dent for his services. 

General Canby was in command of the Department 
of the Columbia, and took command of an expedition 
against the Modoc Indians in 1873, by whom he was 
basely murdered on the nth of April of that year. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



73 



COLONEL CALEB H. CARLTON. 

Colonel Caleb II. Carlton (Eighth Cavalry) was 
born in Ohio September I, 1836, and was graduated from 
the Military Academy in the Class of '59. He was pro- 
moted brevet second lieutenant of the Seventh Infantry 
July 1, 1859, anc ' second lieutenant of the Fourth In- 
fantry October 12, 1859. He served at Newport Bar- 
racks, Kentucky, until April, i860, and was ordered to 
Jefferson Barracks, to participate in Blake's expedition 
from St. Louis, Missouri, to Fort Vancouver, via the 
head-waters of the Missouri River and Military Road, 
which occupied him until the following October. He 
was then stationed at Fort Hoskins, the Presidio, and 
San Bernardino, California, to October, 1861, when he 
was ordered East with his regiment. He was promoted 
first lieutenant May 14, [861, and captain June 30, [862. 

Colonel Carlton was on provost duty with his regiment 
in the city of Washington until March, 1862, when he 
took the field with the Army of the Potomac, partici- 
pating in the Peninsula campaign, and engaged in the 
siege of Yorktown, battles of Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill, 
second Bull Run, and Antietam. He was then detailed 
on recruiting service to February, 1863, and then on 
mustering duty at Washington to June, 1K63. He 
received the appointment of colonel of the Eighty-ninth 
Ohio Infantry July 7, 1863, and participated in the 
campaign of that year with the Western arm)-, being 
engaged in the battle of Chickamauga, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, and siege of Atlanta in [864. 

He was made prisoner of war September 20, 1863, 
and held by the enemy to March 7, 1864. After par- 
ticipating in the Atlanta campaign, he was placed in 
command of the post of Chattanooga, Tennessee, from 
October 17, 1864, to Ma)' 13, [865, and was then com- 
manding the Western District of Kentucky to June 23, 
1865, when he was honorably mustered out of the 
volunteer service. 

Colonel Carlton then joined his regiment in the regular 
service, and commanded the Fourth Infantry at Fort 
Wood, New York, from July 2^ to September 28, 1865, 
when his regiment was ordered to the Lakes, and he took 
station at Fort Ontario, New York. 

He was brevetted major Jul)- 4, 1S62, for " gallant and 
meritorious services during the Peninsula campaign," 
and lieutenant-colonel September 20, 1863, for gallant 
and meritorious services at the battle of Chickamauga. 

In March, 1867, Colonel Carlton's regiment was ordered 
to the Plains, and he served respectively in camp at 
Omaha, and in garrison at Forts Laramie and Fetter- 




\ 



man until March 23, 1869, when he became unassigned. 

He was then detailed as professor of military science 
at Miami University, < )hio, and remained on that duty 
to October, 1 87 1 , he having in the mean time been assigned 
as captain of the Tenth Cavalry December 15, 1870. 
He was on leave in Europe from November, 1S72, to 
June, 1873. He joined at Fort Sill, and was in the field 
in the Kiowa ,md Comanche expeditions from June, 
1 S73, to March, 1875, and then was ordered to Texas, 
taking station at Fort McKavett, from which post he 
took the field, from April 17, 1875, to July 11, 1876. 
lie was promoted major of the Third Cavalry May 17, 
1876, and was in the field, and on the Cheyenne expe- 
dition in Dakota and Nebraska, from June to December 
21, 187S, again in the field from October 8 to December, 
1879, and again in June, 1880. He was on sick leave 
from |ulv S, 1SS0, to June, iNSi.when he was appointed 
inspector of national cemeteries to April, 1882. He 
was again on leave to November, 1882, when he joined 
his regiment in Arizona, and marched with it to Texas 
in the spring of 1SS5, where he remained until Sep- 
tember, 1886, and was at Forts Davis and Elliott until 
July 25, 1887. He then marched with a battalion of 
the Third Cavalry to Fort Brown, Texas, a distance of 
one thousand miles, arriving there October 20, 1SS7. 

Colonel Carlton was promoted lieutenant - colonel 
Seventh Cavalry April 11, 1889, and ordered to Fort 
Sill, Indian Territory, September 5, remaining at that 
station until promoted colonel of the Eighth Cavalry, 
with head-quarters at Fort Meade, North Dakota. He 
is at present nil leave of absence in California. 



74 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




PAYMASTER JOHN RANDOLPH CARMODY, U.S.N. 

Paymaster John Randolph Carmody was born at 
Mohawk, New York, June 9, 1843. In July, 1862, the 
subject of this sketch enlisted in the navy, and served 
as paymaster's writer and clerk in the James and York- 
Rivers, being present at many skirmishes and reconnois- 
sances. As soon as he attained his majority he was ap- 
pointed an acting assistant paymaster. He served in the 
" Cincinnati," on the Mississippi, under Admiral Porter, 
and was present at the operations on the Cumberland and 
Tennessee Rivers which resulted in the defeat of the Con- 
federate army under Hood. During these operations he 
was employed in volunteer reconnoissance service on 
shore, which he performed so satisfactorily as to elicit 
a letter of special commendation from his commanding 
officer. 

Paymaster Carmody participated in the siege and cap- 
ture of Mobile in the spring of 1865, and was present 
at the surrender of the rebel naval forces on the Tombig- 
bee River at the close of the war. He continued to serve 
in the West Gulf Squadron until July, [866, when, in 
recognition of his good war record, he was appointed an 
assistant paymaster in the regular navy. During the 
next two years he was again in the Gulf of Mexico, while 
we were watching the events connected with Maximilian's 
assumption of the imperial crown under the auspices and 
with the support of Louis Napoleon. 

Mr. Carmody was made passed assistant paymaster in 
[868, and again went to Southern waters in the " Yantic," 
which vessel was for nearly a year constantly employed 
about Hayti, protecting American interests during a 
bloody revolution. The ship was then disabled by the 
serious outbreak of yellow fevur, which carried off many 



of the officers and crew. Paymaster Carmody survived 
an attack of the disease, but never fully recovered his 
health. 

After the Franco-Prussian War, when Congress au- 
thorized the conveyance to France in government ves- 
sels of contributions to aid the distressed people of that 
country, Paymaster Carmody was sent upon that busi- 
ness in the store-ship " Relief." 

On returning from this duty he was stationed at New 
London and at New Orleans as disbursing officer. He 
was then ordered to the " Monocacy," on the China and 
Japan station, where he remained two years. From [877 
to [879 he was in charge of the naval depot at Honolulu, 
Sandwich Islands, during which time he was promoted 
to be paymaster, with rank of lieutenant-commander. 
He was next attached to the receiving-ship " Indepen- 
dence," at the navy-yard, Marc Island, California, for 
three years. 

In 1883 the Naval Mutual Aid Association selected 
Paymaster Carmody as their secretary and treasurer. 
The Navy Department assigned him to that duty, and 
he spent three years in managing its affairs and building 
up the association, to the expressed satisfaction of its 
members. 

Having, in 1886, volunteered for duty in the " Vanda- 
lia," fitting out for the Pacific, he was ready to sail when 
he was detached and ordered to special duty as assistant 
to the paymaster-general of the navy. He was specially 
employed by the Secretary of the Navy in the work of 
bringing about the consolidation of the accounts of naval 
stores and the introduction of economic and business 
methods in the purchase and care of supplies. For this 
service he received a most complimentary letter from the 
paymaster-general. 

Close confinement to office-work brought a renewal of 
ill health, and, in hope of improvement, he applied for sea- 
duty. Again he went, in the steam-corvette " Galena," 
to the Home Station and the West Indies until exposure 
to tropical climate brought on a recurrence of disease, 
and he was invalided home in 1888. In the following 
April, at his own request, he was placed upon the retired 
list, under the category, " through physical incapacity 
resulting from long and faithful service." 

Since that period he has employed himself in journal- 
istic writing, and has, beside, become actively identified 
with the financial circles of the capital city. Among the 
moneyed institutions of Washington, he was one of the 
organizers ami directors of the West End National Bank, 
and is the treasurer and a director of the largest financial 
institution in that city, — the Washington Loan and Trust 
Company; also member of the Board of Directors of 
the Navy Mutual Aid Association and the Army and 
Navy Club, and is a companion of the Military Order of 
the 1 .oval Legion. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



75 



MAJOR AND BREVET COLONEL L. H. CARPENTER. 

Major and Brevet Colonel L. H. Carpenter (Fifth 
Cavalry) belongs to a family identified with the early 
history of Philadelphia. He is a lineal descendant of 
Thomas Lloyd, first governor of the province of Penn- 
sylvania, and of Samuel Carpenter, first treasurer of 
that province and also a member of Penn's Provincial 
Council. 

Colonel Carpenter was born at Glassborough, New Jer- 
sey, February i r, 1839. He was graduated at the Phila- 
delphia High School, and remained for some time at the 
University of Pennsylvania. He was a student when the 
war broke out, and enlisted in the Sixth Cavalry No- 
vember i, 1 86 1, and was commissioned second lieutenant, 
Sixth Cavalry, Jul)' 17, 1862. He served in the Army of 
the Potomac during a portion of the Peninsula campaign ; 
was in the retreat to Yorktown, and in the cavalry cover- 
ing Washington after the second battle of Bull Run, and 
was engaged in the cavalry operations and skirmishes 
connected with the advance of the army after Antie- 
tam. He participated at the battle of Fredericksburg, 
Stoneman's raid, and action at Beverly Ford June 9, 
1863. 

Colonel Carpenter was appointed acting adjutant, Sixth 
Cavalry, June 12, 1863, and served in the campaign of 
Gettysburg, — in various actions and combats, and in the 
battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863, and in pursuit of the 
enemy; and in the Mine Run expedition. May 4, 1864, 
he was detailed as acting aide-de-camp on the staff of 
Major-General Sheridan, commanding Cavalry Corps, 
and was engaged in the Richmond campaign, — battle of 
the Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, Sheridan's raid around 
Richmond, May 9-24, 1864; battles of Yellow Tavern, 
where Stuart was killed ; combat of Meadow Bridge, 
May 27, 1864 ; guided advance of the Army of the Poto- 
mac from Chesterfield Station, on the North Anna, to 
Hanovertown, en route to Cold Harbor ; engaged in pre- 
liminary actions and battle of Cold Harbor ; in Sheridan's 
raid towards Gordonsville, June 7-28, 1864; battle of 
Trevilian Station, June 11-12, 1864; siege of Peters- 
burg, and many actions in connection therewith. On 
August 10, 1864, he joined the Army of the Shenandoah 
as acting aide-de-camp on the staff of General Sheridan, 
commanding, and was engaged in many actions in the 
Shenandoah Valley and in the battles of Winchester and 
Fisher's Hill. 

He was appointed lieutenant-colonel, Fifth U.S. Colored 
Cavalry, September 28, 1864 and on October 2, 1864 was 
ordered to Kentucky, commanding the regiment and post 
of Camp Nelson, Kentucky. lie was promoted colonel, 
Fifth U.S. Colored Cavalry, October 28, 1865, and mus- 
tered out of the volunteer service at Helena, Arkansas, 
March 15, 1866. 




Colonel Carpenter was appointed captain, Tenth Cav- 
alry, July 28, 1866. He has served since the war on the 
plains, in the Indian campaigns of 1868 and 1874, against 
the Sioux, Cheyennes, Comanches,and Kiowas in Kansas 
and the Indian Territory, — that of 1868 being in relief 
of Colonel Forsythe's command by a forced march, and 
other Indian scouts. 

Colonel Carpenter has been a member of numerous im- 
portant boards, among which was the Cavalry Equipment 
Board at Fort Leavenworth and Watervliet Arsenal in 
1873, and Board for Purchase of Cavalry Horses for the 
Department of Texas in 1S76. He assisted in quelling 
a riot of Mexicans at San Martin, Texas, in 1877-78, and 
subsequently engaged in a campaign against the Apaches 
in Northwestern Texas in 1880. He was on leave of 
absence in Europe in 1881-82, and, after rejoining his 
regiment, marched with it down the Platte from Laramie 
to Kansas in 1885, and the same year was detached, with 
four troops, to Fort Reno, Indian Territory, to provide 
against an outbreak of Cheyennes. 

Colonel Carpenter was brevetted during the war to 
lieutenant-colonel in the regular army and to colonel of 
volunteers for gallant services at Gettysburg, Winches- 
ter, and services during the war, and brevetted colonel 
in the regular army for gallant services in the action 
with Indians on Beaver Creek, Kansas, October 28, 
1868. He was also mentioned in general orders for 
same engagement. 

He received his promotion to major. Fifth Cavalry, 
February 17, 1X83, and commanded Fort Robinson, 
Nebraska, 1883-85. He served at Fort Supply, 1885— 
87, and commanded Fort Myer, Virginia, 1887-91. He 
is now serving at Fort Reno, Oklahoma Territory. 



7 6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY regular) 




MAJOR HENRY CARROLL. 

Major Henry Carroll (First Cavalry) was born in 
Copenhagen, Lewis County, New York, May 20, [838. 
He moved to Minnesota in i858,and enlisted asaprivate 
in Light Battery E, Third Artillery, January 13, 1859, at 
Fort Ridgely, Minnesota. He served through the grades 
of corporal, sergeant, and first sergeant to July I, 1861. 
He participated in an expedition against the Sioux 
Indians in the summer of 1851) in Dakota Territory, and 
took part in the occupation of Alexandria, Virginia, in 
Ma)-, 1 86 1, followed by a reconnoissance and engage 
nient at Blackburn's Ford, July 18, and battle of Bull 
Run, July 21, same year. In October, 1861, he was in 
an expedition to Fort Royal, South Carolina, and occu- 
pied Hilton Head in November. Fi 1862 he was at 
Fernandina and Jacksonville, Florida, in March; John's 
Island, South Carolina, Ma)' and June, and James Island 
same month, being engaged on James Island, June 10, in 
battle of Fort Lamar or Secessionville ; in bombardment 
and capture of Morris Island, July 10, 1863; attack on 
Fort Wagner, July 10, and assaults on same position 
August 23 and September 7 following. He was under 
fire in an advanced battery alternate days during the siege 
of Forts Wagner, Gregg, and Sumter, and was presented 
a medal for gallant and meritorious conduct August 2^, 
1863. He was wounded the same day. 

Having been discharged January 13. [864, he re- 
enlisted in Light Batten- G, Third Artillery, at Wash- 
ington City, February 3, 1864, and joined Ninth Army 
Corps, participating in the battle of the Wilderness and 
the movements of the Ami)- of Potomac to Spottsyl- 
vania until May 11, when he was ordered to Wash- 
ington. 

He was appointed second lieutenant Third U. S. Cav- 



alry May 18, 1864, and joined his battery at Little Rock, 
then attached to the Seventh Army Corps. Participated 
in operations against Confederate cavalry in Arkansas in 
1864-65, and was quartermaster of the Second Cavalry 
Brigade (Powell's) and depot quartermaster at Duval's 
Bluff, Arkansas, from June to November, 1865. 

He was promoted first lieutenant April 14, 1866, and 
was en route to Fort Union, New Mexico, through the 
Indian Territory, from May to August of that year, per- 
forming the duties of adjutant and quartermaster. He 
then served at Fort Stevens, Colorado, and Los Finos, 
New Mexico, to January, 1867, when he was promoted 
to a captaincy in the Ninth Cavalry, joining the latter at 
Fort Stockton, Texas. With the exception of a tour of 
recruiting service at St. Louis and Chicago from January, 
1873, to October, 1874, Major Carroll's service was at 
numerous posts in Texas to 1876, where he was engaged 
in scouting after Indians, stock-thieves, and murderers ; 
in affair with Comanche and Kiowa Indians in September, 
1869, on the head-waters of the Brazos River, and in the 
reconstruction of civil affairs in Marion Count) - during 
January and February, 1870. He was mentioned in 
orders from head-quarters Fifth Military District, Austin, 
Texas, in November, 1869, for the affair on the Brazos 
River. 

Changing station to New Mexico in 1876, we find the 
major engaged in the following affairs: With Apache 
Indians at Florida Mountains, September 15, 1876, for 
which he was mentioned in orders, District of New 
Mexico ; with Mescalero Apaches in Sacramento Moun- 
tains, July 22, 1878, and Dog Canyon, Sacramento Moun- 
tains, August 5, 1878 ; with Apaches in the San Andreas 
Mountains, February 3, 1880; with Victoria's Apaches, 
San Andreas Mountains, April 5-7, 1880, where he was 
twice seriously wounded on the 6th, and was mentioned 
in orders, District of New Mexico, and recommended for 
the brevet of lieutenant-colonel. After this affair the 
major was granted a sick leave of absence until March, 
1 88 1, when we find him again scouting after Ute Indians 
in Colorado and Utah in the summer of that year, for 
which he was mentioned in orders, Fort Lewis, Colorado. 
He was again in an affair with the Chiracahua Apaches 
at Dragoon Mountains, Arizona, October 4, 1881, for 
which he was mentioned in orders in the field, and espe- 
cially mentioned by the department commander of Ari- 
zona, October, 1881. 

It would be impossible to follow the major in his 
numerous changes of station in this short sketch, or the 
duties which have fallen to his lot. His field of duty- 
was removed to the Indian Territory in 1 88 1 . to Nebraska 
in 1885, and in that year to Montana, having been pro- 
moted major of the First Cavalry July 3, 1885. He 
took part in the Sioux campaign of Dakota from No- 
vember 24, 1890, to February 5, 1891. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



17 



MAJOR-GENERAL SAMUEL S. CARROLL, U.S.A. 
(retired). 

Major-General Samuel S. Carroll (retired) was 
born in Washington, D. C, September 21, 1832, and 
graduated from the Military Academy July 1, 1S56. He 
was promoted brevet second lieutenant of the Ninth 
Infantry the same day. He was promoted second lieu- 
tenant of the Tenth Infantry October 1, 1856; to a first 
lieutenancy April 25, i86l,and to a captaincy November 
1, 1861. 

At the commencement of the Rebellion he was ten- 
dered a first lieutenancy in the Nineteenth Infantry 
May 14, 1861, which he declined. lie was appointed 
colonel of the Eighth Ohio Infantry December 7, 1861, 
and commanded this regiment in Virginia under Gen- 
erals Kelly, Lander, and Shields, until May, 1862, when, 
by the order of Secretary of War Stanton, he was made 
acting brigadier-general of volunteers, and nominated for 
the rank of brigadier. 

General Carroll was assigned by General Shields to 
the command of a brigade, and served in Shields's divi- 
sion, Ricketts's division, M< Dowell's corps, and Whip- 
ple's division of the Third Corps until April, 1863, when 
he was assigned to the command of a brigade in French's 
division of the Second Corps, then commanded by Gen- 
eral Couch, and subsequently by General Hancock. He 
commanded this brigade until May 13, [864. 

During this period of servii e General Carroll partici- 
pated in the campaigns, battles, and skirmishes in West 
Virginia and the Shenandoah Valley under Generals 
Kelly, Lander, and Shields. Joining the Army of the 
Potomac in the fall of 1862, he participated in the Rap- 
pahannock campaign and was engaged in the battles of 
Fredericksburg, and afterwards in all t lie actions partici- 
pated in by the Second Corps until May 13, 1864. He 
was wounded while making a reconnoissance at " Rapi- 
dan Station," just after the battle of Cedar Mountain in 
1862; also wounded at Morton's Ford February 6, 
1864; also wounded in the battle of the Wilderness, 
May 5 and 9, and again wounded at the battle of Spott- 
sylvania Court-House May 13, 1X64. He was appointed 
brigadier-general of volunteers May 12, 1864. In Feb- 
ruary, 1S65, General Carroll was assigned to the com- 
mand of the Department of West Virginia for about six 
weeks, then to the command of a division of the First 
Veteran Corps (Hancock's) in the Shenandoah Valley, 




and afterwards at Camp Stoneman, near Washington, 
until August, 1865, when the division was disbanded. 

lie received the following brevets: Major, May 3, 
[863, f>r "gallant and meritorious services in the battle 
of Chancellorsville ;" lieutenant-colonel, July 3, 1863, for 
" gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Gettys- 
burg, Pennsylvania;" colonel, Ma)' 5, 1864, for " gallant 
and meritorious services in the battle of the Wilderness, 
Virginia;" brigadier-general, March 13, 1865, for "gal- 
lant and distinguished services in the eight clays' battles 
in the old Wilderness and at Spottsylvania Court-House, 
Virginia;" major-general, March 13, 1865, for "gallant 
and meritorious services in the field during the war," and 
major-general of volunteers, March 13, 1865, for "gal- 
lant and meritorious services during the war." 

In August, 1865, General Carroll was assigned to the 
command of the Military District in Virginia under 
General Terry, which he retained until January, 1S66, 
when he was mustered out of the volunteer service. In 
consideration of his gallant conduct during the war, he- 
was tendered the lieutenant-colonelcy of the Twenty-first 
United States Infantry January 22, 1867, which he- 
accepted April I, 1867, and on the 9th of June, 1869, he 
was retired for wounds in the line of duty on the rank of 
major-general. Since retirement he has lived in Mont- 
gomery Count)', Maryland, at wdiat is now the suburban 
village of "Takoma Park." 



78 



OFFICERS OF TUB ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL AUGUSTUS LUDLOW CASH. U.S.N. 

Rear-Admiral Augustus Ludlow Case was born in 
Newburg, New York, in February, 1813, and appointed 
midshipman in 1828. After cruising in Brazil and West 
Indies, became passed midshipman in 1834. Served on 
the Coast Survey and on the United States South Sea 
Surveying and Exploring Expedition. While absent on 
latter duty commissioned acting lieutenant, and con- 
tinued to serve in the expedition from 1837 to 1842. 

Commissioned as lieutenant February 25, 1S41 ; cruised 
in frigate " Brandywine," East Indies, [843—45. During 
Mexican War, in schooner " Mahonese," brig " Por- 
poise," frigate " Raritan," sloops-of-war "John Adams" 
and " Germantown," Gulf of Mexico, 1846—48. He was 
present at and participated in the capture of Vera Cruz, 
Alvarado, and Tabasco. After the landing of the troops, 
on the first day, was in charge of the beach and superin- 
tended the landing of men, ordnance, and stores for the 
investment of Vera Cruz. Alter possession of Laguna 
was taken by the " Porpoise," he was despatched, in a 
" bungo" having one of the " Porpoise's" 42-pounder 
carronades mounted on the bow, with Passed Midship- 
man F. K. Murray and twenty-five men, up the Palisada 
River to the town of the same name, which was captured 
and held for a fortnight against a large body of cavalry 
which almost daily threatened an attack. The object of 
holding the town was to intercept and capture General 
Santa Anna, wdio, it was supposed, would endeavor to 
escape to Honduras via the Palisada passes. Cruising 
in sloop-of-war " Vincennes," Pacific Ocean, 1849-51; 
commanding sloop-of-war " Warren," Pacific Squadron, 



1852—53 ; light-house inspector, third district, New York, 
1853-57. 

Commissioned as commander, September 14, 1S55; 
waiting orders in 185S; commanding steamer "Cale- 
donia," Brazil Squadron and Paraguay Expedition, in 
1859; waiting orders in i860. In March, 1 861 , just at 
the commencement of the Rebellion, Commander Case 
was ordered to Washington as assistant to (then) Com- 
modore Stringham, in the Office of Detail; but on 
the assignment of the latter to the command of the 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, he was appointed 
fleet-captain of it, and with him joined the steam-frigate 
"Minnesota," at Boston, April 13. Subsequently served 
in the same position with Flag-Ufficer L. M. Goldsbor- 
ough and Acting Rear-Admiral S. P. Lee, who were 
successively appointed to command the fleet, 1861-62. 
He took part in the capture of Forts Clarke and Hat- 
teras, August 28 and 29, 1861 ; Roanoke Island, Feb- 
ruary 7 and 8, 1862; Sewell's Point (where, in passing 
the heavy fortifications on Craney Island, he landed from 
his " tug" and hauled down the large rebel flag there 
flying) and Norfolk, May 10, 1862; and all of the gen- 
eral active operations of the North Atlantic Fleet, until 
January, 1863, when, it being understood that active 
operations were over, and that the duty of the fleet 
would be mostly confined to blockading, he was assigned 
to the command of the steam-sloop " Iroquois," which 
was fitted to look after the " Alabama," but was after- 
wards attached to the North Atlantic Squadron. In 
charge of the blockade of New Inlet, North Carolina, 
1863; cut out the steamer "Kate" from under Fort 
Fisher and the other batteries at New Inlet, aided by 
the steamers "James Adger" and "Mount Vernon," in 
August, 1863. 

Commissioned as captain January 2, 1863; special 
duty, Washington, in 1864; navy-yard, New York-, 1864- 
65 ; fleet-captain, European Squadron, 1865-66. 

Commissioned as commodore December 8, 1867; 
light-house inspector, third district, New York, 1867-69. 

Chief of Bureau of Ordnance, 1869-73. 

Commissioned as rear-admiral May 24, 1872; com- 
manding European Squadron 1873-75, aiu ' combined 
European North and South Atlantic Fleets, assembled at 
Key West, Florida, 1874, for special service in connec- 
tion with the steamer " Virginius" difficulties, and for 
ordnance, torpedo, and fleet-practice and tactics, etc. 
Total sea-service, twenty-four years ten months ; shore 
or other duty, twelve years. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



79 



COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL 

SILAS CASEY, U.S.A. 

(deceased). 

Colonel and Brevet Major-General Silas Casey 
(deceased), son of Elizabeth (Goodale) and Wanton 
Casey, and nephew of Dr. Lincoln Goodale, whom he 
succeeded in 1870, was born in East Greenwich, Rhode 
Island, July 12, 1807; died at Brooklyn, New York, 
January 22, 1882. His grandfather, Silas, an extensive 
importing-merchant before the Revolution, and his 
father, Wanton, who was educated in France during 
Franklin's residence there, were natives of East Green- 
wich. In his youth was educated at the academy in his 
native town and at West Point; on graduating July 1, 
1S26, was appointed brevet second lieutenant in Seventh 
Infantry, stationed at Fort Towson, Arkansas. His sub- 
sequent commissions are as follows : Second lieutenant, 
1829; assistant commissary subsistence, February, 1836; 
first lieutenant, June, 1836; captain, July, 1839; brevet- 
major for Contreras and Churubusco, August 20, 1847; 
brevet lieutenant-colonel for Chapultepec, September 13, 
1847 ; lieutenant-colonel Ninth Infantry, March 3, 1855 ; 
brigadier-general of volunteers, August 31, 1861 ; colonel 
Fourth Infantry, October 9, 1861 ; brevet brigadier-gen- 
eral U. S. Army and major-general volunteers for Fair 
( )aks, May 31, 1862; brevet major-general U. S. Army, 
March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services dur- 
ing the Rebellion. 

During the Florida War he was appointed captain in a 
regiment of Creek Indian volunteers. He distinguished 
himself in the battle of Pilaklikaha (April 19, 1842), and 
was recommended by Colonel Worth, his commander, 
for the brevet of major. He was engaged in Mexico in 
battles of Contreras and Churubusco ; and at the storm- 
ing of the castle of Chapultepec, while leading his men 
through a terrible fire, was severely wounded in the ab- 
domen when near the Mexican batteries. For his services 
and conduct in the war with Mexico he received a beau- 
tiful silver vase from the inhabitants of his native town 
and a resolution of thanks from the Legislature of Rhode 
Island. In November, 1 851, while stationed in Califor- 
nia, Casey attacked and defeated the Coquille River In- 
dians, whom he completely subdued. 

In March, 1856, Lieutenant-Colonel Casey, in a cam- 
paign of twenty-five days, completely subdued the Puget 
Sound Indians in Washington Territory. Pending the 
controversy between the United States and the British 
government respecting the boundaries of each in that 
Territory, Lieutenant-Colonel Casey occupied and forti- 
fied San Juan Island, which place was, by agreement be- 
tween General Scott and the British authorities, afterward 
occupied jointly by the two nations. 

Was assigned at breaking out of Civil War to the duty 




of organizing into brigades, disciplining, and instructing 
the volunteer troops arriving at Washington, D.C. On 
March 22, [862, he was assigned to the command of a 
division in the Army of the Potomac, and accompanied 
it under General McClellan to the Peninsula. Having 
been, contrary to his advice and opinion, ordered to Seven 
Pines 1 Pair Oaks), where his division was within six 
miles of Richmond without support on cither flank, he 
commenced work energetically, digging rifle-pits and cut- 
ting abatis to strengthen as much as possible his false 
position. Here, on May 31, Casey was attacked by an 
overwhelming force under Generals Longstreet and Hill, 
and after a severe conflict of three hours was driven from 
his position with a loss of fourteen hundred and thirty 
in killed, wounded, and missing, out of a total force of 
less than five thousand men. Says an eye-witness : " The 
veteran warrior Casey had been in the thickest of the 
fight, directing and animating . . . and nearly one-third 
of his command had found a soldier's death, or were 
maimed and helpless from the fight." 

Besides his promotion, General Casey received the 
thanks of the Legislature of his native State for his 
bravery and skill in this battle. On June 30 he was 
relieved from the command of his division by General 
McClellan, and ordered to the White House on the 
" Pamunkey," where he successfully performed the duty 
of evacuating that depot, destroying supplies that could 
not be taken away. On August 1 1 he was again placed 
on duty to receive, organize, and instruct the volun- 
teers arriving at Washington ; and on this date the 
system of tactics for the United States Army by Casey 
was adopted by the government. During his period of 
duty in Washington General Casey equipped, organized, 
and in a preliminary manner instructed about three 
hundred thousand volunteer troops. He was, in July 
iS. [868, retired at his own request. 



So 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN SILAS CASEY, U.S.N. 

Captain Silas Casey was born in Rhode Island upon 
a family place between Kingston and Narragansett Pier, 
on September 11, 1S41. His father was General Silas 
Casey, of the U. S. Army, whose long service in the army, 
as well as his distinguished conduct in McClellan's Penin- 
sula campaign, made his name well known to the country 
at large. Captain Casey's brother is now the chief of the 
Engineer Department of the U.S. Army; and another 
brother, Lieutenant Edward Casey, of the U. S. cavalry, 
was foully murdered only a short time ago' bv Western 
Indians, in whose interest he was endeavoring to make 
parley. It was a most lamentable thing, especially as 
Lieutenant Case}- was a true friend of the Indians, and 
had succeeded — among the fust — in drilling some of] 
them into soldiers. 

Captain Silas Casey was appointed an acting midship- 
man in September, 1856. After four years at the I'. S. 
Naval .Academy, he graduated in i860, and was ordered 
to the steam-frigate" Niagara," then one of the remarka- 
ble naval vessels. The march of events was rapid in 



those days, and Casey found himself a master in the navy 
in 1 86 1, at which time he was serving off Pensacola, in 

engagements with the Confederate batteries. 

He was commissioned lieutenant in July, 1862, six 
years alter his appointment as acting midshipman, and 
served as executive-officer of the gun-boat " Wissa- 
hickon," on the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
in 1862-63. Was in several engagements with Fort 
McAllister during 1862. He served in the first attack 
upon Charleston under Admiral I)u Pont, and then for a 
long time was executive-officer of the " Quaker City," in 
the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, during which 
period he participated in the two attacks upon Port 
Fisher. 

After the war closed he was navigating-officer of the 
" Winooski," of the Atlantic Squadron, from 1865 to 1867. 
He was commissioned as lieutenant-commander in July, 
1866, ami was then stationed at the U. S. Naval Acad- 
emy for three years. Lieutenant-Commander Casey was 
then ordered as executive-officer of the steam-frigate 
" Colorado," flag-ship of the Asiatic Squadron, where he 
remained from 1870 to 1873. He was in command of 
the battalion of sailors from the fleet in the Corean expe- 
dition, and the assault on Fort McKee (Elbow Fort), 
Seoul River, in June, 1872. Upon his return from this 
long and arduous cruise, he was upon ordnance duty at 
the Philadelphia Navy- Yard during 1873 and 1874. Com- 
missioned as commander in June, 1 874, ami in 1875-76 
was in command of the "Portsmouth," sloop-of-war. 
He was inspector of the Twelfth Light-House District 
from 1876 to 1879, anc ' commanded the " Wyoming" and 
" Quinnebaug," of the pAiropean Squadron, in 1880-S2. 
He then served a term as equipment-officer at the Nav v- 
Yard, Washington, I). C, and was inspector of the Fifth 
Light-Mouse District, and in command of the " Dale," 
up to 1889. In February, 1889, he was commissioned 
captain. I le was ordered to the command of the U. S. S. 
"Newark'," in July, 1890, which command he still re- 
tains. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



81 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL THOMAS LINCOLN CASEY. 

Brioadier-General Thomas Lincoln Casey (Corps 
of Engineers) was born in New York-. He is the son of 
General Silas Casey, deceased, who was retired as colo- 
nel of the Fourth Infantry. Young Casey was gradu- 
ated at the U. S. Military Academy in the Class of 1852, 
and promoted brevet second lieutenant of the Corps of 
Engineers. He served at West Point, attached to the 
company of sappers, miners, and pontoniers, the year he 
graduated ; and was then the assistant engineer in the 
construction of Fort Delaware and works of harbor and 
river improvement in Delaware River and Bay until 
1854, when he was detailed at the U. S. Military Acad- 
emy as assistant instructor of practical engineering, and 
serving with engineer troops to June 27, 1857 ; then 
made principal assistant professor of engineering, which 
position he occupied to August 31, 1859. 

He was promoted second lieutenant June 22, 1854, and 
first lieutenant December 1, 1856. 

Being ordered to the Pacific coast in 1859, he was in 
command of a detachment of engineer troops in Wash- 
ington Territory, and in charge of the construction of a 
wagon-road from Vancouver to Cowlitz, Oregon, and in 
selecting and surveying military reservations on Puget 
Sound from 1858 to 1 861. 

He served during the rebellion of the seceding States 
as engineer at Fort Monroe, Virginia, on the staff of the 
general commanding the Department of Virginia, from 
June 11 to August 15, 1861 ; as superintending engineer 
of the permanent defences and field fortifications upon the 
coast of Maine, and on recruiting service for engineer 
troops; on special duty with the North Atlantic Squad- 
ron, during the first expedition to Fort Fisher, North 
Carolina, December 8-29, 1864, and as member of special 
board of engineers for work at Willett's Point, New York, 
from April 7 to June 20, 1865. 

He was promoted captain of the Corps of Engineers 
August 6, 1861, and major October 2, 1863, and bre- 
vetted lieutenant-colonel and colonel March 13, 1865, for 
" faithful and meritorious services during the Rebellion." 

Colonel Casev was member of the board of engineers 




fir work at Forts Preble, Scammel, Knox, and Popham, 
from August, 1865, to February, 1866, when he was 
granted leave of absence from July 26, 1866, to February 
25, 1867. He was then detailed as superintending engi- 
neer of the construction of Forts Preble and Scammel, 
Portland harbor, Maine, and other important works, from 
March 1, 1867, to March 3, 1877, when he was appointed 
colonel and in charge of public buildings and grounds at 
Washington, D. C, retaining this position until April 1, 
1 88 1. He was placed in charge of the construction of 
the State, War, and Navy Department building, March, 
1877, which building he completed March, 1888, of the 
Washington National Monument in 1878, which he com- 
pleted December 6, 1884. 

He was promoted lieutenant-colonel of Engineers Sep- 
tember 2, 1874; colonel March 12, 1884, and brigadier- 
general and chief of engineers July 6, 1888. Since that 
time he has been stationed in Washington, D. C, at the 
head of his bureau. He has been a member of the Mas- 
sachusetts Society of the Cincinnati since 1882, of the 
National Academy of Sciences since 1890, and an 
" Officer" of the Legion of Honor of France since Jan- 
uary, 1890. 



82 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY [regular) 




COLONEL ISAAC S. CATLIN. 

Colonel Isaac S. Catlin (retired) was born at 

Oswego, New York, July 8, (835. When the Rebellion 
was inaugurated, he was a member of the law-firm 
of Tracy and Catlin at Owego, New York, the senior 
member being the present Secretary of the Navy, Hon- 
orable Benjamin F. Tracy. Catlin was also mayor of 
Owego at that time, having been elected in November, 
[860, without opposition. On the 17th of April, [861, 
the date el Lincoln's first proclamation for volunteers, 
he officially approved a call for a meeting to raise a 
company of volunteers. On that evening he enrolled 
himself, with others, as an enlisted man, and before the 
meeting adjourned the minimum number of men for a 
company was enrolled, with himself unanimously elected 
as captain. It is claimed to have been one of the first, 
if not the very first, company of actual volunteers enlisted 
in this State. The company was attached to the Third 
New York Volunteers. Me served with it .it Big Bethel, 
Virginia. In March, [862, he resigned for the purpose 
of raising a new regiment, and when General B. F. 
Tracy was assigned to the Twenty-fourth Senatorial or 
Regimental District by Governor E. D. Morgan, Catlin 
was first made adjutant of the post, then lieutenant-colo- 
nel of the One Hundred and Ninth New York Volun- 
teers. 

lie served in the field with the Army of the Potomac 
during the war of the Rebellion ; had separate command 
in [863-64 at Falls Church, Virginia, which was kept 
in active service watching the predatory movements of 
Mosby and other guerillas; in May, 1 864, his regiment 
joined the Ninth Corps, and was assigned to the First 
Brigade, Third Division; he was sick in hospital at 
Washington, D.C., with gastric fever, for several weeks 
after the action at Gaines' Farm, Virginia; he rejoined 



command in front of Petersburg, Virginia, July, 1864; 
and on July 30, while commanding a Provisional Brigade 
of three regiments at the battle of the " Crater," he lost 
his right leg and received other severe wounds. As 
soon as he recovered sufficiently to walk with crutches, 
the Secretary of War assigned him to duty as President 
of a Court-Martial and Military Commission at Wash- 
ington, D.C., where he served with his brevet rank of 
major-general until mustered out June 4, [865. In 
[867, by reason of the severity of his wounds, he 
applied for a captaincy in the arm_\-, to which he was 
promptly appointed; and in May, 1S70, he was retired 
as a colonel of infantry, being the lineal rank he held 
when wounded. He participated in the battle of Big- 
Bethel, Virginia, March, 1862; Wilderness, and succeed- 
ing engagements; Spottsylvania, North Anna, Gaines' 
Farm, and other engagements from the Rappahannock 
to James River, and in the battle of the "Crater," in 
front of Petersburg, Virginia, 18(14. After the wounding 
of Colonel Tracy, May 6, [864, he commanded his 
regiment in all engagements up to Gaines' Farm, and 
commanded a Provisional Brigade at the battle of the 
" Crater," as stated above. 

He was made brevet major L'.S.A. May 6, 1S67, for 
gallant and meritorious services in the battle of the 
Wilderness, Virginia; brevet lieutenant-colonel May 6, 
[867, for gallant and meritorious services in the battle 
of Petersburg, Virginia; brevet brigadier-general of 
volunteers March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious 
services during the war; brevet major-general of volun- 
teers March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services 
in the battles before Petersburg, Virginia. In the report 
of Colonel Frederick Townsend, commanding ( >ne Hun- 
dred and Ninth New York, with regard to the battle of 
Big Bethel, Virginia, he said of him : " He was at Bethel, 
and I do not hesitate to say there was no man or officer 
more distinguished on that field than he." 

After the war, in 1865, he was nominated for District 
Attorney of Tioga County, New York, and received the 
largest majority ever given a candidate in that county. 
In 1 S70 he was appointed assistant United States District 
Attorney, which position he held for two years, and then 
went into partnership with General Tracy, the present 
Secretary of the Navy, in the practice of the law. In 
[874 he was nominated for District Attorney in Kings 
County, New York, but subsequently retired. In 1S77 
he was again, against his own protest, unanimously 
nominated by acclamation, and, overcoming an opposing 
majority of about 14,000, he was elected by about 3000 
majority. He was unanimously renominated by accla- 
mation in 1S80, and, .welcoming a normal opposing 
majority of 9600, he was elected by about i i ,ooo. In 
[885 he was nominated by the County Convention, by 
acclamation, for Surrogate, but declined peremptorily. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



§3 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL HENRY L. CH1PMAN 
(retired). 

Lieutenant-Colonel Henry L. Chipman was born in 
Canandaigua, New York, February 23, 1823. He en- 
tered the volunteer service as lieutenant-colonel of the 
Second Michigan Infantry May 25, 1861, and resigned 
June 24, 1861, to accept the appointment of a captaincy 
in the Eleventh United States Infantry, to date from May 
14, 1 861 . He joined head-quarters Eleventh Infantry 
at Fort Independence, Massachusetts, and remained there 
until October 14, assisting in organizing the regiment, 
and was then ordered to Perryville, Maryland; and was 
engaged doing guard duty here until March, 1862, when 
he joined the Army of the Potomac, and served contin- 
ually with this army until April, 1864; went through 
the Peninsula campaign under General McClellan ; on 
a reconnoissance from the Potomac River to Leetown, 
Virginia; the troops fording the river had continuous 
sharp skirmishing for two days, until the command re- 
crossed the river, near Shepherdstown, Virginia, he being 
engaged on the skirmish-line the most of the time; 
March 21, 1863, he was appointed by Major-General 
Meade acting assistant inspector-general of the Second 
Division, Fifth Corps, (Sykes's regulars) and was on 
this duty until April 1, 1864, when, having been 
appointed colonel of the One Hundred and Second Regi- 
ment United States Colored Troops, he left the Army of 
the Potomac and went with regiment to Hilton Head, 
South Carolina. On the 30th of August, 1864, he went 
with regiment to Jacksonville, Florida, and was engaged 
in destroying the railroad leading from Jacksonville to 
Tallahassee, Florida ; built an earthwork at Magnolia, 
on the St. John's River; and was then sent to Beaufort, 
South Carolina, with regiment, where he remained until 
November 30, 1864, in command of an extended picket 
line, taking in three of the Sea Islands. At the above 
date he started with five companies of regiment to join 
an expedition, under command of General John P. Hatch, 
at Boyd's Landing, South Carolina, for the purpose of 
capturing the Charleston and Savannah Railroad; the 
result was a severe battle at Honey Hill, South Carolina ; 
he commanded a brigade a part of the time during this 
battle. Two days after he commanded a reconnoissance 
towards the railroad, about five miles from where the 
battle was fought, and had a sharp skirmish with the 
enemy. On the 9th of December, 1864, another attempt 
was made to capture the railroad, about thirty miles dis- 
tant from Honey Hill, and in this affair, which was quite 
severe, he commanded a brigade composed of three regi- 
ments and a battalion of sailors and marines from the 
navy ; he was with the first troops that entered Charles- 
ton, South Carolina. On April 1, 1S65, left Charleston 
with two wasfon-loads of ammunition and two hundred 




and fifty men to join an expedition at Nelson's Fern', on 
the Santee River, a command from Georgetown, South 
Carolina, under General Potter; on reaching the ferry 
learned that he had gone on towards Camden, some days 
before, so crossed the river and followed his command 
foi' five days, fighting his way through to him; one 
officer and nine men were wounded and one man killed 
while making this march. The day after joining General 
Porter he took his own regiment and five companies of 
another regiment to drive the enemy from a strong earth- 
work immediately in their front and across the road of 
the line of march ; turned the enemy's flank and drove 
him out after a severe fight of thirty minutes. On the 
17th of April, 1865, while on the march back to George- 
town, the enemy sent in a flag of truce with the intelli- 
gence of the surrender of Generals Lee and Johnston, 
and of the assassination of President Lincoln. 

Colonel Chipman also participated in the siege of York- 
town, battles of Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill, second Bull 
Run, Antictam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettys- 
burg, and affair at Rappahannock- Station. Was bre- 
vetted major for " gallant and meritorious services at 
Chancellorsville," and lieutenant-colonel for same at Get- 
tysburg ; and was also made brevet brigadier-general 
of volunteers for gallant and meritorious services during 
the war. Promoted major of the Third Inf. Oct. 1873, 
and lieutenant-colonel of the Seventh Inf. May 19, 1881. 

When the Third Infantry, of which he was major, 
moved from Corinne, Utah, to Helena, Montana, it 
marched five hundred miles in thirty days over the 
Rocky Mountains, when the temperature at times was 
sixteen degrees below zero and the ground covered with 
snow, which had to be scraped away to pitch tents. 

Colonel Chipman was retired from active service Feb- 
ruary 1, 1887, and now resides in San Antonio, Texas. 



8 4 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (xegvla/d 




CAPTAIN WM. H. CLAPP. 

Captain Wm. H. Clapp (Sixteenth Infantry) was bom 
in Ohio, September 7, 1S36, and at the breaking out of 
the war of the Rebellion entered the volunteer service 
as a private in Company A, of the Seventy-first New 
York Infantry, April 19, 1861, from which he was dis- 
charged July 30, 1861. Feeling still the ambition to 
serve his country after his first three months' experience 
in that regiment in the battle of the first Bull Run, he 
again came into service September 25, 1861, as second 
lieutenant of the Forty-second Ohio Infantry, and was 
promoted first lieutenant March 14, [862. He was an 
aide-tie-camp of volunteers from December 19, 1S61, to 
April 1, 1862, when he received the appointment of 
adjutant of the Forty-second Ohio Infantry, and was 
assistant adjutant-general of volunteers on the staff of 
Major-General Heron from May, 1862, to July, 1864, 



participating in the campaign in Eastern Kentucky, and 
engaged in the actions of Middle Creek ami capture of 
Cumberland Gap. lie then participated in the Missis- 
sippi campaign, and was engaged in the action of Taze- 
well, Tennessee. He followed the fortunes and misfor- 
tunes of the army in the investment of Vicksburg, being 
engaged in the first assault mi the works about that 
city, the action of Chickasaw Bayou, the capture of 
Arkansas Post, and the siege of Vicksburg. He was 
also engaged in the capture of Yazoo City. 

He was appointed captain and assistant adjutant-gen- 
eral of volunteers May 15, 1863. The captain's field 
of duty was subsequently transferred to Texas, and we 
find him present at the capture and surrender of Browns- 
ville, Texas, and the Trans-Mississippi Department. He 
was honorably mentioned in General Orders, by Major- 
General Heron, for conduct at the siege of Vicksburg, 
and received the brevets of major and lieutenant-colonel 
of volunteers March 13, 1865, for " faithful and merito- 
rious services during the war." 

Captain Clapp entered the regular service as second 
lieutenant of the Eleventh United States Infantry Febru- 
ary 23, 1 866, and was promoted first lieutenant the same 
day. He was adjutant of the First Battalion of the 
Eleventh Infantry from August 9 to December 5, 1866, 
when he was appointed regimental adjutant. He occu- 
pied this position until April 14, 1869, when, by the con- 
solidation of regiments, he was transferred to the Six- 
teenth Infantry. His services from that time have been 
connected with the movements of that regiment, of 
which he was appointed adjutant May 1, 1872, retaining 
the office until August 1, 1874, when he was made regi- 
mental quartermaster. He was promoted captain De- 
cember 25, 1874. He served in various States and 
Territories, and finally became located at Fort Douglas, 
Utah, which is now his post of duty. 



WHO SERVED IX THE CIVIL MAR. 



85 



MAJOR AND BREVET-COLONEL JOSEPH C.CLARK, JR. ' 

(RETIRED '. 

Major and Brevet-Colonel Joseph C. Clark, Jr. 
(retired), was born at Mount Holly, New Jersey, No- | 
vember 28, 1825. He was graduated at the United 
States Military Academy in the Class of 1848, and was 
assigned as brevet second lieutenant to the Third United 
States Artillery and promoted to second lieutenant 
Fourth United States Artillery January 6, 1849; first 
lieutenant of the same regiment December 11, 1850, and 
captain May n, 1861. He was assigned to duty in the 
Mathematical Department United States Military Acad- 
emy August 28. 1849, and remained on this duty until 
August 28, 185 1, when relieved at his own request. Was 
assigned to duty as assistant United States Coast Sur- 
vey, 1S54, and was engaged in the triangulation of the 
coast of Maine, New York Harbor, and Hudson River; 
in the survey of the Florida Reefs and Keys and 
approaches to Charlotte Harbor, Florida. Was relieved 
from this duty at his own request, 1858. At the 
commencement of the Rebellion was stationed at Camp 
Floyd, afterwards named Camp Crittenden, Utah, and on 
the withdrawal of the troops from this post for active 
service in the field was left in command of Fort Bridger. 
After several applications for active service he was 
relieved from duty at Fort Bridger ami took command 
in January, 1862, of Light Battery " E," Fourth United 
States Artillery, in Lander's division in West Virginia. 
With this division, under General Shields in the Shenan- 
doah Valley, took active part in the first Winchester 
battle March 23, 1862, and Port Republic June 8 and 9. 
As chief of artillery Reno's division Ninth Army Corps 
took active part in the battles of second Bull Run, Kettle 
Run, Chantilly, and South Mountain, and at Antietam 
had his horse killed under him, and received four severe 
wounds which completely disabled him from further 




active service. Was assigned to duty at the United 
States Military Academy, West Point, as principal assist- 
ant in the Philosophical Department August 29, 1863, 
and remained on this duty until February 21, 1870, when 
he was relieved under the Act of Congress which prohib- 
ited officers on the retired list being assigned to any 
military duty. He was retired from active service as 
captain May 11, 1SO4, and as major July 28, 1866, on 
account of wounds received in line of duty. Was 
appointed deputy governor of the Soldiers' Home, 
Washington, 1). C, 1S75, but was relieved from this 
duty May 1, 1877, on his own application on account of 
disability resulting from wounds received at Antietam. 
He was brevctted major for gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices in the campaign of the Shenandoah Valley, Vir- 
ginia, June 9, 1862; lieutenant-colonel for gallant anil 
meritorious services in the battle of Antietam, Maryland, 
September 17, 1862, and colonel for gallant and meri- 
torious services during the war March 13, 1865. 



86 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NA VY {regular) 




MEDICAL DIRECTOR CHRISTOPHER 
BORNE, M.D., U.S.N. 



IAMES CLE- 



Christopher James Cleborne, M.D., was born De- 
cember 16, 1 838, and was educated abroad at the Collegiate 
School of St. James and the Brunswick Academy, Bristol, 
England. He began the study of medicine at Edinburgh 
in 1856, and was graduated at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1860, and the same year was made resident 
physician of the Pennsylvania Hospital for the unexpired 
term of the late Dr. Thomas B. Reed, — was locum tenens 
of Drs. Conrad and Lewis of that hospital. He was 
elected a member of the Academy of Natural Sciences 
July 31, i860, and in 1861 was appointed an attending 
physician of the Moyamensing House of Industry. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War, though most of his 
family joined the Confederacy, he entered the service of 
the United States as assistant surgeon May 9, 1 861, and 
was attached to the sloop-of-war "Jamestown," North 
Atlantic Squadron, from May, 1S61, to January, 1862, 
and participated in the destruction of the "Alvarado," 
under batteries at Fernandina, August 5, 1861. He was 
ordered, in 1862, to the sloop-of-war " Dale," South At- 
lantic Squadron, and was in expedition to Stono River, 
engagements on South Edisto, and saw temporary service 
with Forty-fifth Pennsylvania Regiment at Otter Island, 
South Carolina, 1862 ; ordered to gun-boat " Aroostook," 
West Gulf Squadron, 1S63; in operations of Mobile, 1863. 
He was commissioned surgeon, with the rank of lieuten- 
ant-commander, November 24, 1S63 ; at naval rendezvous, 



Philadelphia, 1S64 ; ordered to the U.S.S. " Ticonderoga," 
South Atlantic Squadron, and coast of Brazil, 1864-65 ; 
present at both battles of Fort Fisher, December, 1864, 
when the " Ticonderoga," soon after going into action, 
lost, by the bursting of her Parrott-gun, twenty-one killed 
and wounded ; present at the bombardment and capture of 
Fort Fisher January 1 5, 1865. He was ordered, as judge- 
advocate of the Naval Retiring Board, to Philadelphia 
in [865 ; attached to the flag-ship " Rhode Island," West 
India Squadron, in 1866, and in charge of U.S.S. " Bien- 
ville" during epidemic of yellow fever in 1S66; judge- 
advocate of Naval Retiring Board, 1S67, and was elected 
a member of the Conchological Society of Philadelphia 
March 7, 1867; attached to sloop-of-war "Saratoga," 
1868-69; flag-ship " Powhatan," 1870; a member of the 
Naval Medical Examining Board, Philadelphia, 1870! 
ordered to Naval Station, League Island, 1871 ; elected 
a member of the Pennsylvania- Historical Society Sep- 
tember 23, 1S72; attached to sloops-of-war "Juniata," 
" Plymouth," " Brooklyn," and " Congress," in European 
Squadron, 1872-74; ordered to navy-yard, Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, 1875-78 ; delegate to American Medical 
Association in 1876; commissioned medical inspector, 
with rank of commander, January 6, 1878; on special 
duty in Portsmouth from November, 1878, to April, 1879; 
ordered to flag-ship " Tennessee," as fleet-surgeon of the 
North Atlantic Squadron, 1879-8] ; attached to the navy- 
yard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1S81-84; elected a 
member of the Historical Society of Virginia in 1883; 
memberof Medical Examining Board, Philadelphia, 1884 
-87 ; appointed one of the vice-presidents of the Inter- 
national Medical Congress June 4, 1886; chairman of 
the Medical Committee of the Constitutional Centennial 
in 18S7, and organized the Volunteer Medical Corps of 
the Centennial in September, 1887 ; commissioned medi- 
cal director, with the rank of captain, September, 1887; 
elected president of the Volunteer Medical Association of 
Philadelphia in 18S7 ; director of Naval Hospital, Norfolk, 
Virginia, January, (888, and director of Naval Hospital, 
Chelsea, 1891. 

Dr. Cleborne is a grandson of the late William Cleborne, 
of Derinsolla, — representative of the Westmoreland family 
of that name, a branch of which was settled at Roman- 
coke, Virginia, by Secretary William Claiborne, early in 
the seventeenth century. 

The present station of Medical Director Cleborne is at 
Boston, where he is in charge of the Chelsea Naval Hos- 
pital, and is, ex officio, a trustee of the National Sailors' 
Home at Quincy, Massachusetts. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



87 



CAPTAIN AND ASSISTANT QUARTERMASTER 
JOHN LINCOLN CLEM, U.S.A. 

Captain and Assistant Quartermaster John Lin- 
coln Clem was born in Newark, Ohio, August 13, 185 1. 
He entered the volunteer service, at the breaking out of 
the Rebellion, as a drummer in May, 1861, but on 
account of his youth (not ten years old) was not enlisted, 
although he served as a drummer in Company C, 
Twenty-second Michigan Infantry until he was enlisted, 
May 1, 1863. He served in the field in the Army of the 
West ; was promoted sergeant of Company C, Twenty- 
second Michigan Infantry at the battle of Chickamauga, 
and was honorably discharged from the volunteer service 
September 19, 1864. 

Captain Clem is probably the youngest soldier on 
record, and began active service when about eleven 
years of age. Shortly after the death of his mother, he 
offered his services to the Third Ohio Regiment as 
drummer, but was rejected, being then not ten years of 
age. He afterwards offered himself to the Twenty- 
second Michigan Regiment, but was again rejected. He 
determined, however, to cast his fortunes with the 
Twenty-second Michigan, and April, 1862, found him 
beating the " long-roll" before Shiloh, where his bravery 
was so great that he was mustered in, and was known as 
"Johnny Shiloh." But it was on the 23d of September, 
1863, at the battle of Chickamauga, that he won the 
name which will live long after he has passed away. 
Here, though just passed his twelfth year, he had laid 
aside the drum for the musket, and, after acting for a 
while as a marker, with a musket, the barrel of which 
had been cut down expressly for his use, he took his 
place in the ranks. As the day closed and the army 
retired to Chattanooga, his brigade was ordered to sur- 
render by the enemy, and " Little Johnny" himself was 
covered by the sword of a Confederate colonel, but 
quickly bringing his gun into position he shot the Con- 
federate colonel. His regiment was then fired into, and, 
falling as if shot, the juvenile soldier laid close until 
dark-, when he went to Chattanooga and joined his com- 
mand. For his bravery he was made a sergeant by 
General Rosecrans, and attached to the head-quarters of 




the Army of the Cumberland, and was presented with a 
silver medal by Miss Kate Chase, a daughter of the chief 
justice. He was afterwards captured and held prisoner 
for sixty-three days, and after his release was made 
orderly sergeant by General Thomas, who had succeeded 
General Rosecrans, and was attached to his staff. At 
the close of the war he went to school and graduated at 
the Newark High School. In 187 1 General Grant, in 
recognition of his merits, appointed him second lieuten- 
ant of the Twenty-fourth U. S. Infantry, and served on 
signal duty at Fort Whipple, Virginia, during the years 
1872-73; then ordered to the Artillery School at Fort 
Monroe, Virginia, from which he graduated in 1875 ; he 
was after this detailed as Professor of Military Science at 
Galesville University, where he served from June 8, 1879, 
to May 4, 1882. 

Joining his regiment in Texas, he remained with it 
until appointed a captain and assistant quartermaster 
and ordered to Schuylkill Arsenal, Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, May 4, 1882, where he remained until trans- 
ferred to Fort McHenry in 1883. In 1886 he was 
assigned to duty as depot quartermaster at Ogden, L^tah, 
and in 1888 removed to Columbus, Ohio, doing duty as 
depot quartermaster at Columbus Barracks, his present 
station. 



ss 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




COLONEL DAVID RAMSAY CLENDENIN. 

Colonel David Ramsay Clendenin was born in Lan- 
caster County, Pennsylvania, June 24, 1830, his family 
connection embracing the names of Colonel John Steele 
and David Ramsay. When but a youth, Colonel Clen- 
denin visited Illinois and remained to complete his edu- 
cation at Galesburg Knox College, of which institution 
he is an alumnus. 

In the summer of 1861 he raised a company of volun- 
teers for the Eighth Illinois Cavalry (General Farns- 
worth) and at the organization of the regiment at St. 
Charles, Illinois, on September 18, 1861, he was made 
major of the regiment. For the next four years the 
Eighth Illinois Cavalry was identified with the Arm)' of 
tlir Potomac, and the duties peculiar to cavalry brought 
them into scenes of danger and distress and gave oppor- 
tunities of heroism. 

lie participated in the fatigue and exposure and fight- 
ing of the Peninsula campaign, taking his share of 
roughing it. At the battle of Upperville he had two 
horses shot under him. At one time (at llaxall's Land- 
ing), when alone with an orderly, inspecting pickets, a 
bullet from a rebel picket passed through his hat, the 
orderly also receiving some bullets through his clothes. 
When pushing ahead of the command with a squadron 
of the Eighth Illinois and a squadron of the Sixth 
Pennsylvania, as escort to the engineer officer, he cap- 
tured a supply-train of the enemy, which had with it 
negro laborers, which he sent back to our lines as con- 
traband of war. 

General Hooker, in command of the Army of the 
Potomac, before the battle of Gettysburg, in the spring 
of 1863, when the army was in front of Fredericksburg, 
ordered him to take three days' rations and make a raid 
with his men along the fords of the James River and 



break up the contraband trade of ammunition and sup- 
plies. He was gone eleven days, and captured rebels 
and trains, three times as man)- men as under his com- 
mand, and broke up the trade. 

He was in the three-days' fight at Fredericksburg, at 
Coal Harbor, Kent Court-House, Cumberland, White 
House, Mechanicsville, First and Second Malvern Hill, 
and other battles of the Army of the Potomac. 

Was made lieutenant-colonel of his regiment Decem- 
ber 5, 1862, and brevetted colonel of volunteers and 
brigadier-general of volunteers for meritorious services 
during the war. 

Most of the time after becoming lieutenant-colonel he 
was in command of his regiment. 

In the summer of 1864, when the city of Washington 
was threatened and so nearly captured by General Jubal 
Earl)-, Colonel Clendenin was with Major-General Lew- 
Wallace in Maryland, lighting, with the six companies of 
his regiment, an overwhelming force of the enemy at 
fearful odds, delaying the progress of the rebel army 
until the Union army under General Grant, at Richmond, 
could send reinforcements for the defence of Washing- 
ton. It is well to remember, says the historian, that but 
for the gallant stand at Monocacy, Maryland, the arrival 
of these troops would have been too late. 

In the book " Story of Washington," page 154, we find 
him mentioned as follows: "Colonel Clendenin, who, as 
we have seen, had been fighting on the extreme left, 
proved himself a gallant officer. Finding himself cut off 
from the main bod)-, he threw himself into the little vil- 
lage of L T rbana, where he repeatedly repulsed the assaults 
of the enemy, and at last, by a bold charge, sabre in 
hand, cut through the hostile ranks, capturing the battle- 
flag of the Seventh Virginia. ' As brave a cavalry soldier 
as ever mounted horse,' said his commander, in his 
report of the battle." 

After the surrender of General Lee and the cessation 
of hostilities, came the assassination of President Lin- 
coln. The Eighth Illinois Cavalry, under Colonel Clen- 
denin, was sent out as one of the search-parties to find 
the assassin Booth. 

Colonel Clendenin was detailed on the commission to 
try the conspirators at Washington in 1865, and was a 
member of that court. 

He was commissioned major of the United States 
Cavalry (Eighth) on January 22, 1867. Lieutenant-col- 
onel of the Third United States Cavalry November 1, 
1882, and colonel of the Second United States Cavalry 
October 29, 1888. 

He has served on the frontier almost unremittingly 
since 1867, never having a detail except to harder duty, 
and never shirking the duty of his regular work. He 
was retired from active service on account of failing- 
health April 20, 1 891. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



89 



COLONEL HENRY WHITNEY CLOSSON, U.S.A. 

Colonel Henry Whitney Closson (Fourth Artil- 
lery) was born in Whitingham, Vermont, June 6, 1832, 
and graduated from the Military Academy July 1, 1854. 
He was appointed second lieutenant in the First Artillery, 
and his first service was at Fort Yuma, California, from 
1854 to 1855. While there he commanded the party 
which escorted Lieutenant Michler on the boundary 
survey of 1855. From Yuma he went to San Antonio, 
Texas, in 1856; from there to Fort Clark, Texas. The 
same year he took part in the scout to the head-waters of 
the Neuces, against the Lipan Indians, April 10 to 20, 
1856, and was engaged in the pursuit and surprise of 
three parties of Lipans August 20, 1856, near the mouth 
of the Pecos River. 

On October 31 of the same year he was promoted to 
first lieutenant in the First Artillery, and served the 
remainder of that year in garrison at Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana. In 1857 he served against the Seminole 
Indians of Florida, and from there went to Fort Adams, 
Rhode Island, where he remained until 1859. The con- 
clusion of that year saw him again on the frontier .it 
Fort Clark and Fort Duncan, Texas, and Fort Taylor, 
Florida, until 1861. He was offered a captaincy in the 
Nineteenth Infantry May 14, 1861, which was declined, 
and on the same date was promoted to be captain in his 
own regiment. He participated in the gallant defence of 
Fort Pickens, November, 1861, and January and May, 
[862, distinguishing himself so much as to be selected 
for chief of artillery for the district of Pensacola, May 
16 to December 24, 1862. From that time to March 13, 
1863, he commanded his battery at Baton Rouge. He 
was chief of artillery of General Grover's division of the 
Nineteenth Army Corps in the Teche campaign, which 
lasted from March to August, 1863, being engaged in 
the following actions: Grand Lake Landing, April 13; 
Irish Bend, April 14; Vermilion Bayou, April 17, and 
the siege of Port Hudson, Ma}' 24 to July 8. He was 
brevetted major for gallant and meritorious services at 
the capture of Port Hudson. He was appointed chief 
of artillery Nineteenth Corps October 4, 1863, and served 
in the Red River campaign, being engaged at Sabine 
Cross-Roads April 8, 1864; Pleasant Hill April 9, and 
Crane River Crossing April 23 ; was chief of artillery of 
the Mobile Expedition, August, 1864, and participated in 
the siege of Fort Gaines and Fort Morgan, and for gal- 
lant and meritorious services at the latter place was 
brevetted lieutenant-colonel. November 1 of the same 
year he was transferred to the Army of the Potomac as 
chief of artillery and ordnance of the cavalry corps to 
December 31 ; was inspector of the horse artillery bri- 
gade from January until April, 1865. At the disband- 
ment of the armies he returned to the command of his 




batten-, at Winchester, Virginia, July, 1865; served at 
Fort McHenry, Maryland, July to October, 1S65; Fort 
Schuyler, New York harbor, to June, 1866; Fort Porter, 
New York, to August, 1866, and on recruiting service, 
to November 30, 1867. Upon return to regimental duty 
he was stationed at Fort Hamilton, New York, until 
November 18, 1872. From there he went to Savannah, 
where he remained until November 30, 1S75 ; then 
to Plattsburg Barracks, New York, to October, 1876. 
While on duty here Captain Closson was ordered to the 
Southern States on account of anticipated difficulties 
growing out of the disputed Presidential election of 
1876. He remained on this duty to December, 1876. 
In January, 1877, he was ordered to Fort Barrancas, 
Florida, having been promoted to be major Fifth Artil- 
lery November 1, 1876. 

He remained four years at Barrancas, and went in 
November, 1881, to Fort Niagara, where he was stationed 
until November, 1882. He then moved to Fort Wads- 
worth, New York, where he remained for six years, the 
longest tour of duty at one post. He was made lieu- 
tenant-colonel Fifth Artillery September 14, 1 883, and 
colonel Fourth Artillery April 25, 1888. This trans- 
ferred him to Fort Adams in May, 1888. 

The regiment moved south in May, 1889, and Colonel 
Closson's head-quarters have been since then at Fort 
McPherson, Atlanta, Georgia. 

January 5, 1890, he was a member of the board to 
examine the workings of the Artillery School at Fort 
Monroe, Virginia, and September 9, 1890, he was de- 
tailed upon another most important duty as member of 
a board to examine and report upon the capabilities of 
various sites for gun-foundries and factories, whereby the 
heavy steel rifled-guns can be made to put us upon an 
equality, to say the least, with other great nations of the 
world. 



9° 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JOHN W. CLOUS, U.S.A. 

Lieutenant-Colonel John W. Clous (Deputy Judge- 
Advocate-General) was born in Germany June 9, 1837. 
He entered the army February 2, 1857, serving as private, 
Company K, and in band, Ninth Infantry, to November 
5, i860, and as private and corporal, Company K, and 
quartermaster-sergeant, Sixtli Infantry, from February 9, 
1 861, to December 7, 1862. In the fall of 1861 the Sixth 
Infantry was assigned to General Sykes's command of 
regulars and became part of the Army of the Potomac. 
Quartermaster-Sergeant Clous's "praiseworthy conduct 
during the movement" of that army " from the Chicka- 
hominy to the James River and his cool behavior at the 
battle of Malvern Hill in the performance of his duties" 
resulted in his being recommended for appointment as 
second lieutenant in the arm)-. He was commissioned 
as such by President Lincoln on November 29, 1862, and 
assigned to the Sixth Infantry. He was on duty with 
his regiment dming its entire service in the field with the 
Army of the Potomac, participating in the siege of York- 
town, seven days' battles in June, 1862, battles of Malvern 
Hill, second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chan- 
cellorsville, and Gettysburg. He was brevetted first lieu- 
tenant and captain for gallant and meritorious services in 
the battle of Gettysburg. He was regimental quarter- 
master from February 1, 1864, to April, 1S65, and regi- 
mental adjutant from the latter date to March 28, 1867. 
He was promoted first lieutenant, Sixth Infantry, March 
28, 1865. 

After a short term of service at Savannah, Georgia, 
and Hilton Head, South Carolina, in 1865, with his 
regiment, he took station at Charleston, South Carolina. 
While at this place Lieutenant Clous, in addition to his 
duties as regimental adjutant, was, in March, 1S66, detailed 



as adjutant-general of the Department of South Carolina, 
continuing in that capacity upon the consolidation of the 
latter with the Department of the Carolinas and of the 
South, and subsequently into the Second Military Dis- 
trict, — of all of which Major-General Daniel F. Sickles 
was the permanent commander. During the government 
and reconstruction of the States of North and South 
Carolina by this general officer, Lieutenant Clous ren- 
dered most valuable and efficient services. Having been 
appointed captain in the Thirty-eighth Infantry, he was, 
in September, 1867, at his own request, relieved from 
duty as adjutant-general. 

In March, 1868, Captain Clous joined his company, in 
the Department of the Missouri, at once taking the field, 
escorting the construction forces of the Union Pacific 
Railroad, E. D.(now Kansas Pacific). In October, 1868, 
he was detailed as an acting aide-de-camp on the staff of 
Major-General Sheridan during the latter's winter cam- 
paign against the Indians of the Southwest. Upon his 
return, in March, 1869, he conducted a battalion of the 
Thirty-eighth Infantry from Fort Hays, Kansas, through 
the Indian country to Fort Richardson, Texas. Being, 
through consolidation, transferred to the Twenty-fourth 
Infantry, Captain Clous served with his company on the 
frontier of Texas at Forts Griffin, McKavett, and Brown, 
taking part, in 1872, as acting engineer-officer in General 
Mackenzie's expedition across the Staked Plains, and 
in the Indian engagement of the latter's command on 
September 29, 1872, at North Fork of the Red River, 
Texas. 

For gallant conduct in that engagement, Captain Clous 
was specially mentioned in General Order No. 99, Head- 
quarters of the Arm)', A. G. O., November 19, 1872 ; at 
Fort Brown — from 1873-77 — his company was mounted, 
and performed scouting duty along the Rio Grande 
during the border disturbances. 

He was admitted to the bar at San Antonio, Texas. 
He was judge-advocate in many important trials during 
his service in Texas, and served as judge-advocate of the 
Department of Texas, with the exception of a short inter- 
val, from January, 1881, to August, 18S4. In April, 1886, 
upon the recommendation of Major-General Hancock and 
other prominent officers, as well as of the judges and 
lawyers of the bar of which he was a member, he was 
appointed major and judge-advocate. In May, 1887, he 
was admitted as an attorney and counsellor of the Su- 
preme Court of the United States. From May, 1886, to 
August, 1890, he served in Washington as the assistant 
to the judge-advocate-general. On August 28, 1890, he 
became, by assignment of the Secretary of War, professor 
of law of U. S. Military Academy, West Point, New York, 
where he is now serving. On February 12, 1892, he was 
promoted lieutenant-colonel and deputy judge-advocate- 
general of the United States Army, 



ll'/fO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



9i 



MAJOR EDWIN M. COATES, U.S.A. 

Major Edwin M. Coates (Nineteenth Infantry) was 
born in New York City January 29, 1836. He was a 
member of Ellsworth Chicago Zouaves in 1S60, and en- 
tered the volunteer service as first lieutenant of the 
Eleventh New York Zouaves, Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, 
April 20, 1 86 1, but the regiment was not mustered into 
the United States service until it arrived in Washington 
May 7, 1 86 1. He was with the regiment in the advance 
of the army on Alexandria May 24, 1861, and assisted 
in taking possession of the Marshall House in that city, 
at six o'clock, a.m., May 24, with a squad of the regi- 
ment, a few moments after the shooting of Colonel Ells- 
worth by Jackson, the proprietor of the house. He 
accompanied the remains of Colonel Ellsworth to his 
former home at Mechanicsville, New York, where they 
were interred. 

Lieutenant Coates resigned his volunteer commission 
August 4. [861, and entered the regular service as second 
lieutenant of the Second Dragoons August 5, 1861. He 
was transferred to the Twelfth Infantry September 20, 
1S61, and joined his regiment at Fort Hamilton, New 
York harbor, where he served as battalion quartermaster 
until January, 1863, when he joined his regiment in the 
field with the Army of the Potomac at Falmouth, Vir- 
ginia, where he was made adjutant of the first battalion, 
Twelfth Infantry, He served in the field with his regi- 
ment until September, 1S64, when he left the field by 
being disabled from the fall of his horse, having partici- 
pated in the battle of the Wilderness May, 1864, and the 
subsequent campaign. 

He was then ordered on recruiting duty, where he re- 
mained until October, 1866, when he joined his regiment 
at Washington, D. C. He was promoted first lieutenant 
October 24, 1861, and was brevetted a captain August 1, 
1864, "for gallant services in the battle of the Wilder- 
ness, and during the campaign before Richmond, Vir- 
ginia." 

He was promoted captain April 4, 1865, and upon 
the reorganization of the army, in 1866, was trans- 
ferred to the Thirtieth Infantry. He left with his regi- 
ment for the plains in January, 1867, and passed the 




remainder of the winter in camp on the South Platte 
River, opposite Fort Sedgwick, Colorado. He was 
afterwards in camp along the line of the Union Pacific 
Railroad during its construction, and at Fort D. A. Rus- 
sell and Fort Sanders, Wyoming, until 1871. In the 
mean time Captain Coates with his company was trans- 
ferred to the Fourth Infantry March 23, 1869, upon the 
consolidation of regiments. The station of his regiment 
was changed to Kentucky in 1871, and in 1872 to Little 
Rock, Arkansas, where he remained until May, 1873, 
when the regiment was ordered to California, to take 
part in the Modoc war ; but upon arriving at Omaha, 
the necessity no longer existed for additional troops on 
the Pacific coast, and Captain Coates was sent with his 
company to Fort Bridger. He served subsequently at 
Forts Fetterman and Robinson, and was in the field 
against hostile Sioux Indians in the early part of 1876. 
Afterwards he was stationed at Fort Fred Steele and 
Fort Omaha, and was changed to Fort Sherman, Idaho, 
in July, 1886. From this post he was sent to Boise 
Barracks, Idaho, in 1890, when he was promoted major 
of the Nineteenth Infantry, to date from July 14, and 
ordered to the command of Fort Mackinac, Michigan, 
his present station. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN JOHN NICHOLS COE, U.S.A. 

Captain John Nichols Cue (Twentieth Infantry) was 
born in Portland, Maine, July 21, 1836. He entered 
the regular service as private of Company H, First Bat- 
talion Eleventh U. S. Infantry, and was subsequently 
appointed corporal, sergeant, and first sergeant of the 
same company. On the 14th of April, 1862, he was made 
quartermaster-sergeant of the Eleventh Infantry, which 
he retained until April 1, 1865, having been appointed 



second lieutenant of the Eleventh Infantry March 12. 
1865, but not receiving the appointment until April. He 
was promoted first lieutenant the same day of his appoint- 
ment. 

Captain Coe served with his regiment in the field with 
the Army of the Potomac from December, 1862, to the 
close of the war of the Rebellion, and was then stationed 
with his regiment in Richmond, Virginia, from May, 1865, 
to January, 1867, and then in Louisiana to April, 1869. 
He was transferred to the Twentieth Infantry September 
21, 1866, upon the reorganization of the army, and was 
promoted captain June 19, 1868. 

He was stationed at various points in the Indian 
country (Dakota) most of the time from May, 1869, to 
December, 1877. His regiment was then transferred to 
Texas, along the Rio Grande, from January, 1878, to 
November, iSSi. He then had two years' duty at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas, and rejoined his regiment at Fort 
Supply, Indian Territory, where he remained until May, 
1885, when his regiment was ordered to Montana, and 
he took station at Fort Assinaboine, where he has been 
on duty to the present time. 

Captain Coe was adjutant of the Second Battalion of 
the Eleventh Infantry from June 18, 1865, to October 4, 
1865, when he was made quartermaster of the Second 
Battalion, which he retained until September 21, 1S66. 
On the 6th of December, 1866, he was appointed regi- 
mental quartermaster of the Eleventh Infantry, and held 
that position until promoted captain. 



WHO SERVED FN THE CIVIL WAR. 



93 



COMMANDER GEORGE W. COFFIN, U.S.N. 

Commander George W. Coffin, U.S.N., is a native of 
Massachusetts, and was appointed from that State. Me 
entered the Naval Academy in September, i860, and 
graduated in 1863, during the height of the Civil War. 
He was promoted to ensign on ( (ctober 1, 1863. While 
attached to the steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," North 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, he was in both attacks 
upon Fort Fisher, and was wounded in the right leg by 
a Minie-ball during the land assault upon that strong- 
hold. After the end of the Civil War he served in the 
" Shawmut," on the coast of Brazil. Commissioned as 
lieutenant July 25, 1S66, and was attached to the steam- 
frigate " Franklin," of the European Squadron, in 
1867-68. Was commissioned lieutenant-commander 
March 12, 1868. Upon his return from the luiropean 
station he performed a tour of duty at the Naval Acad- 
emy ; and was then, in 1870-71, chief of staff of the 
North Atlantic fleet. He was next attached to the gun- 
nery ship " Constellation," 1871-72, and was then at the 
Naval Academy again, 1873-74. Attached to the " Ply- 
mouth," North Atlantic Station, 1874-75 ; and the " Hart- 
ford," flag-ship of the same station, in 1875-77. Com- 
manded the steamer " Hassler," on the Coast Survey, in 
1877-80. Promoted to commander in November, 1878. 
Attached to Naval Observatory, 1880-81. On duty as 




light-house inspector from 1 88 1 to 1884, and on ord- 
nance duty at the New York Navy- Yard, 1884-86. In 
command of the " Alert," on the Greely Relief Expedi- 
tion, in 1884. Commanded the steam-sloop " Quinne- 
baug," of the Mediterranean Squadron, 1886-87. Light- 
house inspector in 1S88-89, and appointed secretary of 
the Light-House Board in 1889, which position he holds 
at present. 



94 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 



REAR-ADMIRAL NAPOLEON COLLINS, U.S.N. 

Rear-Admiral Napoleon Collins was a native of 
Pennsylvania, but was appointed midshipman from Iowa 
January 2, I S34 ; promoted to passed midshipman July 
16, 1840; commissioned as lieutenant November 6, 1S46; 
sloop " Decatur," Home Squadron, 1S46-49; at Tuspan 
and Tabasco, Mexican War ; steamer " Michigan," on the 
Lakes, 1850-53 ; commanding store-ship "John P. Ken- 
nedy," North Pacific Expedition, 1853-54; steam-frigate 
"Susquehanna," East India Squadron, 1S54-55 ; navy- 
yard, Mare Island, California, 1856-57; sloop "John 
Adams," Pacific Squadron, 1857-58; steamer "Michi- 
gan," on the Lakes, 1858-60; commanding steamer 
"Anacostia," Potomac Flotilla, 1861; engagement at 
Acquia Creek, May 31 and June 1, 1861 ; commanding 
gun-boat " Unadilla," South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1861-62 ; battle of Port Royal, November 7, 1862; 
various expeditions on the coasts of South Carolina, 
Georgia, and Florida, 1861-62 ; commissioned as com- 
mander July 16, 1S62 ; commanding steamer " Octoraro," 
West India Squadron, 1S62-63 ; commanding steam-sloop 



" Wachusett," special service, 1863-64. On the 7th 
October, 1S64, Commander Collins, then in the " Wa- 
chusett," seized the rebel steamer " Florida," lying within 
the harbor of Bahia, Brazil ; the capture was effected 
without loss of life. Commissioned as captain July 25, 
1866; commanding steam-sloop "Sacramento," special 
service, 1867; navy-yard, Norfolk, 1S69-70; commis- 
sioned as commodore 1 871, and as rear-admiral 1874. 
Died in 1876. 

Commander Collins's seizure of the " Florida" was 
a peculiar episode of the Civil War, — as much so 
as Wilkes's seizure of the Southern commissioners 
on board the " Trent." Mr. Seward disavowed the 
act, and insisted upon the trial of Collins by court- 
martial. 

While negotiations were proceeding in regard to her 
icturn to the friendly neutral port from which she had 
been taken, she was run down by a steam-transport, at 
night, while moored at Newport News, Virginia, and 
sunk. 

Commodore Collins was not long under technical 
punishment for this affair. lie had the moral support of 
the service and of the country at large ; the feeling being 
that so dangerous a vessel as the " Florida" must be dis- 
posed of when she could be laid hands on, even at the 
risk of international complications. 

The case has since been often referred to by writers on 
such subjects, and it has been said that it might be 
brought up as a precedent in some future complication 
of a like nature. But our government placed itself 
rightly- upon record by the arraignment of Collins, and 
by the express disavowal of his act. 

The Brazilian government — the party really aggrieved 
— was satisfied with the explanations and the acts of our 
own government, and so the matter dropped. If the 
vessel had been actually delivered in the port of Bahia, 
it would have been when the civil war was near its end, 
and she would, no doubt, have been held by the Brazilian 
government until satisfactory evidence was given that she 
would not be used against a friendly state. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



95 



CAPTAIN RICHARD S. COLLUM, U.S.M.C. 

Captain Richard S. Collum was born in Indiana 
and appointed from that State to the U. S. Naval Acad- 
emy as acting midshipman September 20, 1854. He 
resigned after remaining there about two years and a 
half. When the Civil War occurred he applied for ser- 
vice, and received a commission as second lieutenant in 
September, 1861. He served in the "St. Lawrence" 
frigate from September, 1 86 1, to May, 1863, as his previous 
drill had rendered him an effective officer. During that 
service he was at St. Simon's, Georgia ; Port Royal, South 
Carolina; the engagement with the Sewell's Point Bat- 
tery, and the Confederate ram " Merrimac ;" the bom- 
bardment of Sewell's Point and the capture of Norfolk. 
He was afterwards in the East Gulf Squadron, and in 
three boat expeditions on the Florida coast and in In- 
dian River. 

He was commissioned a first lieutenant on December 
30, 1862, and while on leave of absence, in July, 1863, 
volunteered his services to Governor Morton, of Indiana, 
during the raid of the Confederate General Morgan to 
the north of the Ohio River. His services were ac- 
cepted, and he was placed in command of a battalion of 
provisional troops. Lieutenant Collum was after this 
stationed at Cairo and Mound City, and attached to the 
Mississippi Squadron for a year. During that period 
he was actively engaged, — especially in expeditions into 
Kentucky in pursuit of guerillas. Afterwards member of 
a commission to investigate charges against certain active 
rebel sympathizers at Louisville, Kentucky; and was 
attached to the frigate " New Ironsides" from August, 
1864, to April, 1865, during which time that vessel bore 
.1 prominent part in the two attacks upon Fort Fisher. 
He served at the Washington Navy- Yard next, being in 
temporary command at the barracks during the confine- 
ment of Paine and his associate conspirators. From 
November, 1867, to December, 1S68, he was in command 
of Marine Barracks at Mound City, Illinois. His next 
service was on board the " Richmond" in the Mediterra- 
nean Squadron, from 1869 to 1871, being ordered to the 
Naval Academy upon his return to the United States. 

Commissioned captain in March, 1872, and stationed 
at the marine barracks, Boston, from April, 1872, to 
January, 1875. During this tour of duty Captain Collum 
commanded the force of marines at the great fire in 
Boston, in November, 1872, and had charge of the re- 
moval of the treasure from the Sub-Treasury to the 
Custom-House, which was speedily and successfully 
accomplished, in spite of the circumstances, without the 
slightest accident or loss. 

After a short term at head-quarters, upon leaving the 




Boston Station, Captain Collum was made fleet marine- 
officer of the Asiatic Station and judge-advocate of the 
fleet, by special appointment of the Navy Department. 
He was attached to the flag-ship " Tennessee" from June, 
1875, to Juh - , 1878. From August, 1878, to November, 
1 88 1, member of the Board of Inspection. From 1881 
to 1885, attached to the Marine Barracks at League 
Island. 

In April, 1885, Captain Collum took part in the ex- 
pedition to Panama. On the night of the withdrawal of 
the U. S. forces from the city and the occupation of the 
original lines, representations were made to the com- 
manding officers that the insurgents were much excited ; 
that drunkenness prevailed to an alarming extent, and 
that a violation of the armistice was in contemplation. 
At ten p.m. Captain Collum was ordered to enter the city 
alone, to endeavor to ascertain the truth of the report, 
and this most dangerous duty he successfully performed. 
Soon after he was commissioned captain and assistant 
quartermaster, which duty is performed in Philadelphia. 
Captain Collum is the author of "The History of the 
U. S. Marine Corps ;" and the articles " Dai Nippon ;" 
" The First Englishman in Japan ;" " Notes on Duties in 
Camp and Garrison, Transportation of Troops by Rail, 
and Aid to Civil Powers ;" and " Notes on Topography 
of Isthmus of Panama." He has also lectured on the 
"Heathen Chinee;" "An Historical Sketch of Small- 
Arms ;" " The Story of a Great Crime," — delivered before 
the P T nited Service Club; "The American Marines 
during the War of the Revolution" — before the His- 
torical Society ; and " The Aborigines of North America 
and their Relation to Japan," — before the Numismatic 
and Antiquarian Society of Pennsylvania. 



9 6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL CYRUS B. COMSTOCK, 

U.S.A. 
Brevet Major-General Cyrus B. Comstock was 
born in Massachusetts ; appointed to Military Academy, 
from Massachusetts July i, 1 85 1, and graduated June, 
(855, and on graduation was appointed brevet second 
lieutenant U. S. Engineers; served as assistant engineer 
in construction of Fort Taylor, Key West Harbor, 
Florida, 1855-56; in building Fort Carroll, Patapsco 
River, Maryland, 1856-59; promoted second lieutenant 
of Engineers April 1, 1855. In 1859 he was superin- 
tending engineer in construction of Fort Carroll ; assist- 
ant professor of natural and experimental philosophy 
September 9, 1859, to July 27, 1861 ; July I, i860, was 
promoted fust lieutenant of Engineers, and assistant 
engineer in the construction of the defences of Washing- 
ton, D. C, August, [861, to March, 1862; assistant to chief 
engineer of the Army of the Potomac March to June, 
1862; senior engineer on staff of General Sumner; June- 
July, 1S62, served in Virginia Peninsula campaign, being 
engaged in reconnoissance before and at siege of York- 
town; May to August, 1862, was senior engineer of 
defence works, making reconnoissance, and in various 
engineer operations on the advance towards Richmond 
and change of base towards James River; served in 
Maryland campaign ( Army of the Potomac) September to 
November, being engaged in the battle of South Moun- 
tain September 14, 1862; took part in battle of Antietam 
September 17, 1862 ; was chief engineer, Army of the Po- 
tomac, from November 21, 1862, to March, 1863, and 
served in the Rappahannock' campaign, taking part in the 
battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville ; March 3, 
[863, he was promoted to captain of Engineers; served 
in the Department of Tennessee, and engaged in the siege 
of Vicksburg, June to July, 1863, for gallant and meri- 



torious services in which battle he was brevetted major, 
U. S. Army; assistant inspector-general of the Military 
Division of Mississippi from November, 1863, to March, 
1864; from that time he served as aide-de-camp on the 
staff of General Grant, with rank of lieutenant-colonel, 
until July, 1866; took part in the battle of the Wilderness 
Ma)' 5 and 6, 1864, and for gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices performed was brevetted lieutenant-colonel ; served 
at the battle of Spottsylvania May 12, 1864; battle of 
Cold Harbor June 3, 1864; assault of Petersburg June 
16 and 18, 1S64, and of the Mine July 3, 1864, and the 
assault and capture of Fort Harrison September 29, 1864. 
He was chief engineer of expedition to Cape Fear River, 
North Carolina, in January, 1865, and was engaged at 
the assault and capture of Font Fisher June 15, 1865. 
He was made brevet colonel, U. S. Army, and brevet 
brigadier-general, U. S. Volunteers, for gallant and meri- 
torious services performed at capture of Fort Fisher; 
was senior officer on staff of General Canby in the Mobile 
campaign, taking part in the siege of Spanish Fort, March 
2~ to April 8, 1865, and storming of Blakely April 9, 
1865. He was brevetted brigadier-general, U. S. Army, 
March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services in 
the Mobile campaign, and bncvetted major-general, U. S. 
Volunteers, March 26, for faithful and meritorious services 
during the campaign against the city of Mobile and its 
defences. December 28, 1865, was promoted to major 
of Engineers; served as aide-de-camp, with rank of colo- 
nel, to general-in-chief, at Washington, from July 26 to 
May 3, 1870; was superintending engineer of Geodetic 
Survey of the North and Northwestern Lakes, May 20 
to Jul)-, 1874; January, 1874, to June, 1877, and June, 
187S, until completion in 1882. In Jul) - , [874, he was 
sent to Europe to examine the improvement of deltas of 
great rivers. Commencing in April, 1875, he was for 
two years superintending engineer to examine the prog- 
ress of Ead's jetties at the mouth of the Mississippi • 
July 17, 1881, was made lieutenant-colonel of Engineers. 
General Comstock, since 1871, has served as a member 
of the Engineer Board, and on Board on bridging the 
channels between Lake Huron and Lake Erie ; on im- 
provement of Buffalo harbor ; improvement of mouth 
of Mississippi ; on Cleveland Breakwater ; of Board of 
Engineers for Fortifications, and River and Harbor Im- 
provements. Since 1 886 he has had charge of Fort at 
Willett's Point, commanded Engineer Battalion, in charge 
of Engineer School of Application atWillet's Point; was 
superintending engineer of repairs of Font Schuyler May, 
[886, to April, 1N87. In 1888 he was detailed as divi- 
sion engineer for inspecting the engineer works in the 
Southeastern Tei'ritoiy of the U. S. He was made colo- 
nel of Engineens April 7, 1888. General Comstock is a 
member of the National Academy of Sciences, and author 
of " Report on Primary Triangulation." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



97 



CAPTAIN JOHN CONLINE, U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain John Conline was bom at Rutland, Vermont, 
January i, 1846, and entered the volunteer service at the 
breaking out of the war of the Rebellion as a private of 
Company E, First Vermont Infantry, May 2, 1861, from 
which he was discharged August 15, 1861. On Septem- 
ber 5, 1 86 1, he again entered the service as a private of 
Company E, Fourth Vermont Infantry, and participated 
in the various operations of the Army of the Potomac, 
being engaged in the battle of Big Bethel, Virginia, June 
10, 1 861 ; siege of Yorktown, Virginia, from April 5 to 
May 4, 1862; action at Lee's Mills, Virginia; battle of 
Williamsburg, Virginia ; action of Garnett's Hill, or Gold- 
ing's Farm, Virginia ; battles of Savage Station, White- 
Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill, South Mountain, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Marye's Heights, action at Salem Heights 
and battle of Salem Church, and action at Franklin's 
Crossing. He was one of twenty volunteers who went 
across the Rappahannock River in the first boat, under 
fire, before the bridge was completed, in the last action 
mentioned, June 5, 1863; and subsequently participated 
in the battles of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1-3, and 
Funkstown Bridge, Maryland, July 10, 1863. 

He accompanied the Vermont troops sent in August, 
1863, to preserve order in the city of New York, where 
he was appointed a cadet at the U. S. Military Academy 
by President Lincoln, on the recommendation of the 
Secretary of War, for gallant and exemplary conduct as 
a private soldier in the Sixth Corps, Army of the Poto- 
mac. 

Graduating June 15, 1870, he was appointed a sec- 
ond lieutenant of the Ninth Cavalry. On returning 
to duty from his graduating leave, he was on frontier 
duty at Forts Stockton, McKavett, and Concho, Texas, 
to August 23, 1874, when he was appointed engineer- 
officer of the second column of the Indian Territory ex- 
pedition, remaining as such to November 27, 1874, and 
on temporary duty at Head-quarters Department of 
Texas to February 1, 1875. 

After serving in Texas and Colorado to April 3, 1877, 
at Forts Clark and Garland, and having in the mean time 
been promoted first lieutenant of the Ninth Cavalry, Jan- 
uary 27, 1876, he was placed in charge of the expedition 
to preserve order among Southern Utes at Parrott City, 
Colorado, to November, 1876, and at Los Pinos Agency, 
Uncompagre Utes, for a similar purpose from April 3 to 
June 16, 1877. 

Lieutenant Conline was then stationed at Fort Bayard, 
New Mexico, to October 10, 1877, when he was granted 
a sick-leave of absence to August 20, 1S78, and was then 
stationed successively at Fort Selden, Ojo Caliente, and 
Fort Union, New Mexico, performing various staff duties 
at each. Being transferred to Troop A, Ninth Cavalry, 
'3 




July 2^,, 1879, he was placed in command of it at Fort 
Stanton, and was in the field on Indian expeditions two 
hundred and seventy days in one year. He also com- 
manded A and G Troops on scouting expeditions during 
part of 1880, and, with Company C, Fifteenth Infantry 
added to his command, he had charge of three hundred 
and eighty-four Indians at South Fork, New Mexico, in 
1 880. 

The lieutenant was in an engagement with hostile 
Indians in Alamo Canon, Sacramento Mountains, New 
Mexico, Sunday, February 2S, 1880; he captured and 
burned their camp, all equipage and provisions, and 
captured all their stock, — twenty-one horses and mules. 
He was also in the engagement with Victorio's band of 
hostile Indians, in Mimbrillo Canon, San Andreas Moun- 
tains, on the afternoon of April 5, 1880, which lasted two 
hours, the Indians being defeated. After the campaign 
was ended he went on sick-leave of absence, May 1, 1881, 
by authority of the Secretary of War, and remained until 
July, 1885, when he rejoined at Fort Robinson, Nebraska, 
serving there to June 17, 1887. 

He was promoted captain of Troop C February 11, 
1887, and, after a three months' leave of absence, joined 
his troop at Fort Robinson, Nebraska, from which sta- 
tion he was changed to Fort Du Chesne, June 5, 1888, 
marching six hundred and fifty-six miles, from which 
post he was retired, for disability in the line of duty, 
February 25, 1891. 

Captain Conline was recommended for the brevet of 
major, for gallantry in action with hostile Indians, April 
7, 1880, during the Victorio war. He has also received 
numerous letters and orders of commendation from his 
superior officers for ability and gallant conduct in en- 
gagements with hostile Indians. The captain's present 
residence is Detroit, Michigan. 



9 8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN CASPER HAUZF.R CONRAD. U.S.A. 

Captain Casper Hauzer Conrad (Fifteenth Infantry) 
was born near the city of Kingston, Ulster County, New- 
York, March 30, [844. I le enlisted in the One Hundred 
and Twentieth New York Volunteers August 18, 1862, 
and participated in all the battles and marches of the 
Army of the Potomac from November, 1862, up to the 
battle of Gettysburg. He was slightly disabled at the 
battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, and while on the 
march to Gettysburg was sun-struck and sent to Fair- 
fax Seminar)' Hospital; there he was found unlit for 
field-service and was transferred to the Veteran Re- 
serve Corps. He was nearly two years recovering from 
disability. 

When, during the battle of Chancellorsville, " a cor- 
poral of his regiment was severely wounded and would 
have been left on the field, he comprehended the situation, 
ami, amid a storm of bullets, caught a riderless horse, 
threw the wounded man over the saddle, and succeeded 
in carrying him beyond range of the enemy." In April, 
1S64, he was detailed as clerk on duty at the head- 
quarters of the district department of Washington, in 
connection with the provost-marshal's office. In June, 



1S65, he was detailed for duty at the office of the Fxec- 
utive Mansion, and while there was discharged June 19, 
iS65,and appointed executive clerk to President John- 
son, remaining in that position until April 13, 1867, when 
he was commissioned first lieutenant in the Thirty-fifth 
L". S. Infantry. He reported for duty with Company I, 
fuly [867, and commanded the company till April, 1869. 
He was then stationed at different posts in Texas. 

At the consolidation of the Thirty-fifth and Fifteenth 
Regiments he became first lieutenant of the latter regi- 
ment, and marched with it to New Mexico, arriving 
September, iS'hj. He was stationed at Fort Stanton 
in command of company, and also as acting assistant 
quartermaster and acting commissary sergeant till Feb- 
ruary, 1871, when he was ordered on recruiting service; 
then stationed at Dayton, Marietta, Ohio, and Newport 
Barracks, Kentucky, where he remained as depot quar- 
termaster, acting commissar\- sergeant and adjutant till 
April, 1873, when he was ordered to his regiment. From 
the time of rejoining until he received his captaincy in 
January, 1875, he was on duty as acting assistant quar- 
termaster and acting commissary sergeant at different 
posts in New Mexico, lie was promoted to Company 
C, and stationed with it at different posts in New 
Mexico until the regiment was ordered to Colorado, at 
which time he was absent on sick-leave. 

While in command of Company C at Mescularo Indian 
Agency, New Mexico, in December, 1 SSo, the regimental 
commander issued General ( )rder, No. 13, complimenting 
Captain Conrad and his command for gallant and sol- 
dierly conduct in an engagement with hostile Indians 
December 2, I 880. 

In November, 1882, he was ordered to Fort Randall, 
South Dakota, where he remained for nearly nine years, 
having been stationed with his company for one month 
in 1887 at Fort Sully, guarding the post during inter- 
change of regiments. Captain Conrad commanded Fort 
Randall at different times, ranging from a month to nine 
months at a time, and was sent also at different times as 
special inspector of Indian agencies and distribution of 
annuity goods. He left Fort Randall for Fort Sheridan, 
Illinois, in May, 1891. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



99 



CAPTAIN AUGUSTUS P. COOKE, U.S.N. 

Captain Augustus P. Cooke was born in Coopers- 
town, New York, February 10, 1836; appointed to 
the Naval Academy in 1852, and graduated in 1856. 
During his first sea-service, in the Home Squadron, he 
participated in the capture of Walker, the filibuster, at 
Greytown, Nicaragua. In 1859 he received his warrant 
as passed midshipman, and made a cruise on the coast 
of Africa, in the "San Jacinto," assisting in the capture 
oi several slavers. He was commissioned lieutenant in 
i860. When the Rebellion occurred, the ship, then under 
the command of Captain Wilkes, returned to the United 
States, capturing, on the way, the rebel commissioners, 
Mason and Slidell. 

In January, 1862, as executive-officer of the " Pinola," 
captured the blockade-runner " Cora," and then the 
" Pinola" proceeded to join Farragut's squadron. Lieu- 
tenant Cooke was several times under fire in the " Pinola" 
while that vessel was assisting in breaking the chain bar- 
riers which obstructed the Mississippi, and was present 
at the bombardment and passage of Forts Jackson and 
St. Philip, the destruction of the rebel flotilla, and the 
capture of New Orleans. He was also present at the 
first bombardment of Vicksburg; the passage of the 
batteries there, and the engagement with the rebel ram 
" Arkansas." 

In August, 1862, he was made lieutenant-commander, 
and ordered to command a vessel in Buchanan's flotilla, 
to operate, in conjunction with the army, in the Bayou 
Teche. In January, 1863, he went up the Teche, sup- 
porting General Weitzel's brigade, and assisted in the 
destruction of the enemy's gun-boat " Cotton." Here 
Lieutenant-Commander Buchanan was killed, and the 
command of the flotilla devolved upon Lieutenant-Com- 
mander Cooke. 

During the Red River expedition, in 1863, he crossed 
troops over Berwick Bay and transported General Gra- 
ver's division through Grand Lake and landed it at 
Indian Bend, under fire, without accident. Next morn- 
ing, at daylight, the flotilla under Cooke was attacked by 
the " Queen of the West" and another gun-boat armed 
with rifled cannon, and with sharp-shooters behind cot- 
ton-bales. Cooke very promptly went to meet them, and 
his shells soon set fire to the cotton-bales of the " Queen 
of the West," which was soon in flames, with her people- 
leaping overboard to escape death from fire. Her con- 
sort, seeing this, turned, and, having superior speed and 
lighter draft than Cooke's vessels, escaped. The officers 
and ninety men of the "Queen of the West" were 
picked up. About twenty were lost. There were no 
casualties in the flotilla. 

His next operation was the capture of Butte a la Rose, 
on the Atchafalaya, driving off the supporting gun-boat, 
and taking the garrison, with a large quantity of stores 




and ammunition, clearing the Atchafalaya from the Gulf 
to the Red River ; and by this route he proceeded to 
join Admiral Farragut, then at the mouth of Red River. 
General Banks made special acknowledgment to Lieu- 
tenant-Commander Cooke for his success in these opera- 
tions. 

His next service was in the Red River, with Porter's 
il. el ; followed, in the winter of 1863-64, by blockading 
Matagorda Bay and the coast of Texas. 

In July, 1S64, he was detached from duty in the Gulf, 
and ordered to the Naval Academy ; serving in the prac- 
tice ships " Marion" and "Savannah." In May, 1867, he 
was ordered as navigator of the steam-frigate " Frank- 
lin," Captain Pennock, which went to Europe as Admiral 
Farragut's flag-ship. This was a remarkable and inter- 
esting cruise, from the attentions shown the admiral in 
every country he visited, especially in Russia and Sweden. 
In October, 1S68, he was detached from the " Franklin," 
and ordered as executive-officer of the " Ticonderoga," 
on the same station. Upon his return home he was, in 
1869, appointed head of the department of ordnance at 
the Naval Academy, and published a text-book on gun- 
nery, long used by the cadets. 

Lieutenant-Commander Cooke was commissioned com- 
mander in 1870. Served at the Torpedo Station and 
in command of torpedo-boat " Intrepid," and afterwards 
the " Alarm." Later he commanded the steamer " Swa- 
tara." He was made captain in 1881, while stationed at 
Mare Island, California, and commanded the " Lacka- 
wanna," on the Pacific Station, in 1884-85. He next 
served at the navy-yard, Brooklyn, in command of the 
" Vermont," and afterwards as captain of the yard. In 
188S he took command of the " Franklin," at Norfolk. 
In 1890 he was relieved and ordered to New York as 
President of the Board of Inspection of Merchant 
Vessels. 



L0F& 



1 00 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




COMMANDER PHILIP H. COOPER. U.S.N. 

Commander Philip II. Cooper is a native of New 
York, and was appointed to the Naval Academy from 
that State in September, i860. The exigencies of the 
service at that period caused him to be sent forth 
from the Academy with his class, and with the rank of 
ensign, May 28, 1863. He saw war service at once, 



being attached to the steam-sloop " Richmond," of the 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron, up to 1865. He then 
served under the successive commands of Admirals 
Farragut and Thatcher, and participated in all the opera- 
tions connected with the battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 
1S64; the reduction of the forts at the entrance, and, 
later, the defences of the city of Mobile. 

He was promoted to master November, 1865 ; made 
a cruise in the " Powhatan," South Pacific Squadron, 
1865-67; during the cruise was commissioned as lieu- 
tenant November 10, 1866; served at the Naval Academy 
1867-69 ; commissioned as lieutenant-commander March 
12, 1 868; made a special cruise in the frigate " Sabine" 
in 1869; served in the T. and N. surveying expedition in 
1S70-71 ; was then again stationed at the Naval Academy 
from 1872 to 1874; ordered to the Torpedo Station 
during 1875, ar, d was then stationed at the Experimental 
Batteryat Annapolis through 1876. During 1877-79116 
was on duty at the Coast Survey Office. He was pro- 
moted to commander November, 1879, and was upon 
special navigation duty up to 1 SS t . 

Since then Commander Cooper's service has been in 
the regular order of detail by the Navy Department, 
including two periods of command of a vessel on the 
Asiatic Station. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



101 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL HENRY CLARK CORBIN, 
U.S.A. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Clark Cokbin (Adju- 
tant-General's Department) was born September 15, 
1842, in Monroe Township, Clermont County, Ohio. 
1 1 is father's name was Shadrach Corbin, and his mother's 
Mary Ann. His father was of English descent. His 
parents were born in Ohio, and grandparents and great- 
grandparents were born in the State of Virginia, where 
man_\- of the descendants yet reside. He attended the 
common schools of the neighborhood until fourteen years 
of age, when he entered Parker's Academy, situated in 
the southern part of the count}- of his birth. In i860 
young Corbin taught district school near Olive Branch, 
Ohio, and the following year at Newtown, Hamilton 
County, Ohio. In the mean time he studied law under the 
direction of Hon. Philip B. Swing, of Batavia. In response 
to President Lincoln's second call for volunteers, he entered 
the service in the Eighty-third Ohio Infantry. In July, 
1S62, he was transferred to the Seventy-ninth Ohio as 
a second lieutenant, and went with the regiment on its 
march and campaigns through Kentucky, serving with it 
until the 13th of November, 1803, mi which day he re- 
signed, to enable him to accept the appointment oi major 
in the Fourteenth U. S. Colored Infantry, which regiment 
he joined at Gallatin, Tennessee, the following day, and 
assisted in its organization. On the 4th of March, 1864, 
he was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the same regiment, 
and on the 23d of September was raised to the rank of 
colonel. Six months later he was brcvetted brigadier- 
general. Colonel Corbin participated with the regiment 
in all its marches, campaigns, and engagements, and was 
engaged in the battles of Pulaski, Decatur, and Nashville. 
He was made major by brevet for gallant and meritorious 
services in action at Decatur, Alabama, and lieutenant- 
colonel by brevet for similar services in the battle ol 
Nashville, Tennessee. He was the first man in the State 
of Ohio to receive and accept a field-officer's position in 
a colored regiment. He was mustered out ot the volun- 
teer service March 26, 1866, and was appointed a second 
lieutenant in the Seventeenth U. S. Infantry, which regi- 
ment he joined at Fort Gratiot, Michigan, while the 
Fenian troubles were being settled. In September of the 
same year he went to Independence, Missouri, and par- 
ticipated in settling the troubles incident to enforcing the 
registration law in that State. After this he was ordered 
to Texas. In the mean time he had been appointed and 
confirmed as a captain of the Thirty-eighth Infantry, 
about to be organized at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, 
to which station he immediately repaired, and until May 
of 1867 he was engaged in its organization. The latter 
part of May he joined his company at Fort Hays, Kan- 
sas. The command was there subjected to the cholera 
scourge, Colonel Corbin losing twenty per cent, of his 




company by the malady. During all the summer of 1867 
he was engaged in guarding the overland stage, earning 
the United States mail, from attacks of hostile Indians. 
Alter the Indian troubles in the Smoky Hill country were 
settled, he went, in command of a detachment of his regi- 
ment, across the plain over the old Santa Fe trail, and 
took station at Fort Craig, New Mexico, where he was 
engaged in scouting, and protecting the citizens from a 
roving band of hostile Apaches. In the spring of 1868 
he marched with his company to Fort Bayard, New 
Mexico, and there engaged in like service until October, 
1869, when he was given command of his regiment and 
ordered to march to Fort Davis, Texas, where it was 
consolidated with the Forty-first Infantry, and thereafter 
was known as the Twenty-fourth U. S. Infantry. He 
then served at several posts in that State, and commanded 
Ringgold Barracks until the autumn of 1876, when he was 
detailed on recruiting service, and ordered to Columbus 
Barracks, Ohio. On the 2d of March, 1877,011 invitation 
of President-elect Hayes, he accompanied him to Wash- 
ington. After his inauguration he was detailed for duty at 
the Executive Mansion. In August of that year he was 
appointed secretary of what was known as the Sitting Bull 
Commission, which was appointed to treat with the hostile 
Sioux Indians, then refugees in the British Dominion. Re- 
turning, he resumed duty in the city of Washington, where 
he remained until his appointment as assistant adjutant- 
general on the 1 6th of June, 1880. September, i88i,was 
ordered to the Department of the South, and in Septem- 
ber, 1883, he was transferred to the Division of the Mis- 
souri, where he remained to 1891 , and then changed to the 
Department of Arizona. During the celebration at York- 
town Colonel Corbin was made secretary of the Joint Con- 
gressional Committee, and by that committee made master 
of ceremonies. He was with General Garfield when he 
was assassinated, and was present at his death. 



102 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




COMMANDER CHARLES STANHOPE COTTON, U.S.N. 

Commander Cotton was born at Milwaukee, Wiscon- 
sin, February 15, 1S43, and appointed acting midship- 
man, at the Naval Academy, from that State, September, 
1858. The crisis of 1 86 1 advanced the older midship- 
men very rapidly, and in May of that year Commander 
Cotton was ordered to the frigate "St. Lawrence," which 
captured the privateer " Petrel" a few days afterwards, 
and he was sent to Philadelphia on duty in connection 
with the trial of the prisoners captured on that occasion. 
Then he served on board the frigate "Minnesota," flag- 
ship, and, as a midshipman, commanded the quarter- 
deck battery, comprising eight VI II inch guns during 
the Monitor-Merrimac action. 

Commander Cotton was promoted to ensign November 
1 1 , 1N62, and was attached to the steam -sloop "Iroquois," 
off Wilmington, North Carolina, and to the steam-sloop 
"Oneida," of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, with a 
few weeks' service on the " I lartford" and " Kineo," up to 
August, 1865. He was promoted lieutenant February 
22, 1864, six years after his appointment as acting mid- 
shipman. 

He served on board the "Oneida" during the bat- 
tle of Mobile Bay, and the subsequent operations, up 
to the surrender of Fort Morgan. From November, 
1S65, to May, [869, he was attached to the steam-sloop 
"Shenandoah" during a most interesting cruise which 
embraced South America, Africa, India, and China. For 
eight months of this cruise he was navigator as well 
as watch-officer, lie was promoted to lieutenant-com- 
mander July, 1866, was on duty at the Naval Academy 
and at the Kittery Navy- Yard up to 1S71. In April of 
that year he joined the frigate "Tennessee," which car- 
ried out the San Domingo commissioners, whose object 
was to examine into and report upon the contemplated 



project of securing the use of Samana Bay for a coaling 
station for the United States Navy. For a period after 
this service he was attached to the "Ticonderoga" as 
executive-officer, on the Brazil Station. Afterwards on 
duty at Kittery Navy-Yard, and under torpedo instruc- 
tion at Newport, up to September, 1S76. He was then 
stationed at Norfolk, Virginia, as the executive-officer of 
the "Worcester," and from October, 1876, to July, 1880, 
was attached to the New York Navy- Yard. 

Promoted commander April 25, 1877, commanding 
" Monocacy," Asiatic Station, from September, 18S0, to 
September, 1 S S 3 , except during June and July, I SS I , 
when he commanded the "Alert" on the same station. 
The "Monocacy" made several interesting visits to 
Corea, skirting the whole coast and entering several 
ports for the purpose of showing our flag and cultiva- 
ting cordial relations. At one time the " Monocacy" 
was (summer of 1 882) the only foreign ship-of-war present 
in Corean waters, during a crisis in the strained relations 
between Corea, Japan, and China. Her commander 
managed to maintain cordial relations and intercourse 
with the representatives of all three countries, and, as a 
mark' of confidence and of esteem for the United States, 
he was furnished with a copy of the treat} - between the 
three powers within an hour of its receipt from Seoul 
by the representative of one of them. 

In the spring of 1883 Commander Cotton conveyed 
to Corea our minister, Mr. L. II. Foote, and the mem- 
bers of the legation, and accompanied them to Seoul, 
the capital, where ratifications of the treaty between 
Corea 1 and the United States were formally exchanged, 
and the foreign delegation was received in state by the 
king. This was the first occasion upon which foreign- 
ers were presented to or received by his Majesty. The 
party were also entertained at a state dinner by the 
Minister of Foreign Affairs, — the first ever given by the 
Coreans in foreign style, with imported china, glass, and 
wines, and with the use of table-cloth, napkins, knives 
and folks, and so forth. These events will always be 
remembered as marking an important era in the inter- 
course with that remote country. The "Monocacy" was 
the first ship to salute the national flag of Corea, adopted 
prior to the ratification of the treat)-. In the summer of 
1883 Commander Cotton conveyed from Corea to Japan, 
in route to the United States, the first embassy accredited 
by Corea to a foreign power other than Asiatic. 

These statements are chiefly of interest as marking 
the origin of a new era for the " Hermit Kingdom," and 
her emergence from the shell of seclusion and isolation, 
and entrance into the great brotherhood of nations. 
Commander Cotton has since been inspector of ordnance, 
light-house inspector ; and is at present in command oi 
the U. S. S. "Mohican," Pacific Station. Commanded 
five vessels in the Bering Sea, summer of 1891. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



103 



CAPTAIN DAVID J. CRAIGIE, U.S.A. 

Captain David J. Craigie (Twelfth Infantry) was 
born at Broomieside, Fifeshire, Scotland, December 6, 
1840. Entered volunteer service from Oskaloosa, Ma- 
haska County, Iowa, as first lieutenant Company II, 
Eighth Iowa Infantry, September 12, 186 1. Honorably 
mustered out volunteer regiment and appointed captain 
and assistant adjutant-general July, [864. Served in the 
field, etc., on the staff of Generals Curtis, Davies, Mit- 
chell, and others until close of war of the Rebellion; was 
honorably mustered out of service September, 1S65. 

Volunteer service : Participated in the Springfield, 
Missouri, campaign, fall of 1861, under Generals McKin- 
stry and Steele: thence to Pittsburgh Landing, Tennes- 
see River, March, 1862; with regiment battle of Shiloh, 
Tennessee, 6th and 7th of April, 1S62, commanding com- 
pany ; severely wounded, captured by enemy. Lay on 
battle field until evening of the 7th April ; rejoined regi- 
ment August same year near Corinth, Mississippi; was 
appointed aide-de-camp on the staff of Brigadier-General 
Thomas A. Davies, commanding second division Army 
of the Tennessee. Participated in the campaign battles 
and skirmishes at and near Corinth and Iuka, Missis- 
sippi, fall of 1862, and in pursuit of enemy after battle of 
Corinth, 3d and 4th of October, 1S62. Thence to Col- 
umbus, Kentucky, and Rolla, Missouri, on staff-duty 
until January, 1864, and March, 1S65 ; serving at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas, at the close of the war and there 
mustered out. 

Commissioned second lieutenant Twelfth Infantry U. S. 
Army May, 1866. Appointed adjutant first battalion 
ami regimental adjutant September ami December, same 
year. Served in Washington, D. C, with regiment until 
April, 1 869, a portion of the time as assistant to Adjutant- 
General Garrison, of Washington; thence to Pacific coast 
with regiment, serving on that coast at several stations in 
California, Nevada, and Arizona until June, 1879, when 
ordered to Washington, D. C. ; assistant to Colonel R. N. 
Scott in preparation of Rebellion records of 1861-65, 
until March, 1 88 1 ; rejoined company in Arizona April, 
1 88 1. Thence to Plattsburg and Madison Barracks, 
New York, till 1887, when regiment moved to Dakota 
Station, Fort Yates, North Dakota. Commanded com- 
pany on Sitting Bull Sioux campaign winter of 1890-91 ; 
ordered to Fort Leavenworth with company March, 1891. 

Promotion in regular army: First lieutenant, October, 
1867; captain, December 16, 18S0. 

Brevet rank : First lieutenant II. S. Army for gallant 
and meritorious services in the battle of Shiloh, Tennes- 
see, 6th and 7th April, 1862. Captain for gallant and 
meritorious services in the battle of Iuka, Mississippi, 
September, 1862. 

Honorable mention : In records of the Rebellion in 




reports on battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, Volume X., bat- 
tles ol Iuka and Corinth, and in field- orders of division 
department and battalion commander, Sitting Pull Sioux 
campaign North and South Dakota, winter of 1890-91, 
Port Yates battalion. 

Staff-service in volunteers: Aide-de-camp from Sep- 
tember, 1S62, to Jul) T , 1S64 ; assistant adjutant- general 
July, [864, to September, 1865. 

Staff appointments and staff services, etc., in the L T . S. 
Army: Adjutant First Battalion and regimental adjutant 
September and December 1, 1866, to November, 1869; 
regimental quartermaster March 1, 1 871, to January 31, 
1876; depot quartermaster and commanding Yuma 
quartermaster depot, Arizona, June, 1870, to August, 
1 87 1 , and from November, 1S7S, to April, 1879; com- 
manding post, Fort Ilalleck, Nevada, June to October, 
1877 ; commanding company and post, Whipple Banks, 
Arizona, April, 1879, to June, 1879; thence to Washing- 
ton, D. C, War Department Rebellion records, to April, 
1 88 1 ; rejoined company same month. Fort Grant, Arizona. 

Patties, skirmishes, etc., in which engaged : Skirmish 
crossing Osage River, Missouri, October, i86i,and near 
Springfield, Missouri, November, 186 1 ; skirmish again 
near Sedalia, Missouri, November, 1861 ; battle of 
Shiloh, April 6 and 7, 1862 , skirmish near Danville, Mis- 
sissippi, September, 1862; battle of Iuka, Mississippi, 
September, 1862 ; skirmish again near Rienzi, Mississippi, 
same month, 1862 ; battle of Corinth, Mississippi, 3d and 
4th October, 1862; skirmish near Davis's Mills, Hatchee 
River, Mississippi, October, 1862; again near "Bone 
Yard," Mississippi, October, 1862; skirmish near Bul- 
lock's Farm, Kentucky, December, 1862; again near 
same place, January, 1S63; skirmish with bushwhackers 
at James's Mills, near Rolla, Missouri, August, 1863 ; 
skirmish near Weston, Missouri, October, 1864; again 
near Blue River, Kansas, November, 1864. 



104 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




CoMMANDHR T. A. M. CRAVEN, U.S.N, (deceased). 

Commander Tunis Augustus Macdonough Craven 
was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and perished 
in the iron-clad " Tecumseh," of which vessel he was in 
command, and which was sunk by a torpedo during the 
passage of Farragut's fleet into Mobile Bay, on the 5th 
of August, 18(14. He was appointed midshipman from 
New York in 1829; became a lieutenant in 1S41; and 
commander in April, 1861. At the time of his death he 
had seen twenty years of naval sea-service, beside eight 
years on the coast survey, and was a most excellent and 
reliable, as well as a gallant officer. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War he was in command 
of the steamer " Mohawk," in the Home Squadron ; from 
which vessel he was transferred to the command of the 
steam-sloop " Tuscarora ;" and in 1864, to the command 
of the monitor " Tecumseh," employed in the James 



River against Howletts' and other batteries, and the Con- 
federate iron-clads from Richmond. He sunk in the 
main channel, at Trent's Reach, four hulks filled with 
'-tciie, and completed other obstructions there. 

He was afterwards ordered down to Farragut, in the 
Gulf, and by great exertion got there in time. When the 
fleet went in, under the fire of Fort Morgan, and at a 
critical moment, the " Tecumseh" was struck by a tor- 
pedo, ami almost instantly went down. The " Brooklyn" 
stopped her engines, but Farragut ordered her to proceed 
in line, and hailed Jouett, in the " Metacomet," to drop a 
boat and save the few people seen struggling in the 
water. Acting Ensign Nields went in the boat and the 
fleet passed on. Within three hundred yards of the great 
fort, amidst pouring shot and shell, he picked up the sur- 
vivors. One of the " Tecumseh's" boats, which floated, 
saved seven ; and four swam on shore and were made 
prisoners. 

Acting Masters Cottiell and Langley, who were among 
the saved, reported that, when the torpedo exploded, and 
blew a large hole in the bottom, and the vessel being 
instantly in a sinking condition, the order was passed to 
leave quarters and all to save themselves, if they could. 
" Commander Craven was in the pilot-house when the 
torpedo exploded, but his chivalric spirit caused him to 
lose his life. We know from the reports of the officers 
saved that he insisted on the pilots taking precedence 
in descending the ladder. They both reached the turret, 
but as the pilot passed through the port-hole the vessel 
keeled over and went down, taking with her as gallant 
an officer as there was in the American navy. One 
moment more and his life would have been saved 
to adorn the list of officers of which he was so bright a 
member. No more chivalrous event occurred during 
the four years' conflict. The example shown by Craven 
should be chronicled in every story of the war." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CI VIE WAR. 



105 



MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE CROOK, U.S.A. 

(deceased). 

Major-General George Crook was born in Ohio, 
and graduated at the Military Academy in the Class 
of 1852. He was promoted brevet second lieutenant 
of the Fourth Infantry, and was in garrison at Fort 
Columbus, New York, until his regiment sailed for 
California, when he accompanied it, and was stationed at 
Benicia, Humboldt, and Jones until 1857, participating in 
the escort of Topographical Party, 1S55 ; Rogue River 
Expedition, 1856; and in command of Pitt River Expe- 
dition, 1857, being engaged in a skirmish, where he was 
wounded with an arrow. From FortTerwaw he marched 
to Vancouver in 1858, and participated in the Yakima 
Expedition of that year. 

He was promoted second lieutenant Fourth Infantry 
July 7, 1853; first lieutenant March ti, iS_:;6,and captain 
May 14, 1861. Returning from the Pacific coast in 1861, 
he was appointed colonel of the Thirty-sixth Ohio In- 
fantry September 12, 1 86 1 , and participated in the West 
Virginia operations in the early part of the war of the 
Rebellion, and commanded the Third Provisional Brigade 
from May I to August 15, 1S62, participating in the 
action of Lewisburg, where he was wounded ; in the 
Northern Virginia campaign ; in the Maryland cam- 
paign with the Army of the Potomac, being engaged in 
the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, 1862. He 
was appointed brigadier- general of volunteers Septem- 
ber 7, 1862, and continued to operate with his command 
in West Virginia until February, 1863, when he was 
ordered to the Western army, and was in command of 
an independent division at Carthage, Tennessee, until 
June of the same year, and subsequently participated in 
the Tennessee campaign of the Army of the Cumberland. 
He was placed in command of Second Cavalry Divi- 
sion Jul)- 1, 1863, and was engaged at Hoover's Gap 
Chickamauga ; action at foot of Cumberland Mountains, 
McMinnville, and Farmington, and almost daily skir- 
mishes. 

General Crook was assigned to the command of the 
Kanawha District, West Virginia, in February, 1864, and 
was engaged in numerous raids and actions until the 
following July, when he was assigned to the command of 
the troops of the Department of West Virginia, and par- 
ticipated in several actions. He was in command of the 
Department of West Virginia, and participated in General 
Sheridan's Shenandoah campaign of 1864, being engaged 
in the action of Berry ville, battles of Opequan and Fisher's 
Hill, action of Strasburg, and battle of Cedar Creek. He 
was appointed major-general of volunteers October 21, 
1864, and was serving with his command in West Vir- 
ginia when he was captured at Cumberland, Maryland, 
February 21, 1865, Returning to duty, he was placed 
in command of the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac 




March 26, 1865, and held that command until the sur- 
render of Lee, being engaged in the battle of Dinwidclie 
Court-House, action of Jetersville, battle of Sailor's 
Creek, combat of Farmville, and capitulation of Appo- 
mattox Court-House. He was then placed in command 
of the District of Wilmington, North Carolina, where he 
remained until January 15, 1866, when he was mustered 
out of the volunteer service. 

General Crook had conferred upon him, for gallant 
and meritorious and distinguished services, the following 
brevets in the regular army : Major, for Lewisburg, 
Virginia; lieutenant-colonel, for Antietam; colonel, for 
Farmington ; brigadier-general, for the campaign of 1864 
in West Virginia ; major-general, for Fisher's Hill. He 
was also brevctted major-general of volunteers for 
" gallant and distinguished services in West Virginia." 
He became major of the Third U. S. Infantry July 18, 
1866, and lieutenant-colonel of the Twenty-third Infantry 
July 28, 1866, and was on a Board to Examine Rifle 
Tactics at Washington, D. C, and then awaiting orders 
until the following November, when he was placed in 
command of the District of Boise, Idaho. 

He was appointed brigadier-general U. S. A. Octo- 
ber 29, 1873, and major-general U. S. A. April 6, 18SS. 
He commanded the Department of the Platte on two 
different occasions, also the Department of Arizona 
and the Military Division of the Missouri, and, while 
holding the latter command, died suddenly at Chicago, 
Illinois, April 5, i8<jO. 

While in command of the Departments of the Platte 
and Arizona, General Crook commanded the expe- 
dition against Sitting Bull and the hostile Sioux in the 
summer of 1876. In 1889 he was one of the commis- 
sioners appointed by the President of the United States 
to treat with the Indians on the subject of opening their 
lands to settlement. 



io5 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NA FY {regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL PEIRCF. CROSBY. U.S.N, (retired). 

Rear-Admiral Peirce Crosby was born in Delaware 
County, Pennsylvania, and appointed midshipman from 
that State in June, 1838. Served in the" Ohio," 74, flag- 
ship in the Mediterranean ; then in the " Experiment," and 
the steamer " Mississippi." I le then went to the Mediter- 
ranean again, in the "Congress," was transferred to the 
" Preble," and came home, in 1843, to go to the Naval 
School at Philadelphia. Passed midshipman in 1844. For 
two years he was on the Coast Survey, and then, during 
the Mexican War, in the " Decatur," at the attack and 
capture of Tuspan and Tabasco, and in the " Petrel" until 
the peace. Served in the " Relief " in 1849-50, carry- 
ing stores to the Mediterranean and west coast of 
Africa. 

Commissioned lieutenant in September', 1S5 3, and made 
a long cruise on the coast of Brazil, in the " German- 
town." He then made another cruise in the Gulf, — 
part of the time under Captain Fafragut. While at- 
tached to the receiving-ship at Philadelphia, the Civil 
War began. Crosby was at once actively employed, 
in Chesapeake Bay, keeping open communications, and 
cutting off supplies and communications. He was then 
ordered to the frigate " Cumberland," and detailed for 
duty on shore, at Fortress Monroe. Transported the 
troops at Hampton Creek before and after the fight at 
Big Bethel. His services in the landing during the at- 
tack upon Forts Clarke and Hatteras were remarkable 
in the face df bad weather. Lieutenant Crosby's advice 
enabled the handful of troops left on the beach, when the 
squadron was driven to sea, to make such a show that 
their critical condition was not discovered by the enemy. 



He was especially mentioned for his conduct on this 
occasion. In the winter of 1861 he took command of 
the " Pinola," one of the new steam gun-vessels. In 
the " Pinola" he joined Admiral Farragut, in the spring 
of 1862. On his way he captured a cotton prize, 
and sent her north. He commanded the " Pinola" on 
the memorable night when she co-operated with the 
" Jtasca" in cutting the chain barrier of the Mississippi. 
The " Itasca" slipped the end of the cable on the oppo- 
site shore from Fort Jackson, but in doing so ran hard 
aground. By Crosby's exertions she was rescued from 
this position before daylight. The " Pinola" had to blow 
up the vessels holding the chains, directly under the 
guns of the fort. Three different attempts were made, 
under fire of the fort, but each time something went 
wrong with the wires. At last Lieutenant Crosby found 
that a way was opened, sufficient for the fleet to pass, 
and so reported. Lieutenant Crosby was engaged at 
the passage of the forts, the Chalmette batteries, and 
the capture of New ( hicans. He was also at the pas- 
sage and repassage of the batteries at Vicksburg, and 
the engagement with the "Arkansas." In the fall of 
1862, he was ordered north to command the iron-clad 
"Sangamon." Promoted commander September, 1862. 
He was soon detached from " Sangamon" and made 
fleet- captain, North Atlantic Squadron, under Admiral 
Lee. Commanded an expedition up the York River, 
co-operating with General Dix. 

In command of the "Florida," in the winter of 1863, 
destroyed two blockade-runners, at Masonborough Inlet, 
under the fire of the shore batteries. In 1 864 commanded 
the " Keystone State," and captured five blockade-run- 
ners, lie was then ordered to the " Muscoota," but 
soon detached and ordered to command " Metacomet." 
Blockaded Galveston in her, and was in command of 
her at the battle of Mobile Bay. Planned and directed 
the construction of torpedo-nets, and spread them in the 
Blakely River, removed one hundred and forty torpedoes, 
and cleared the way for the squadron to pass safely 
up to Mobile. He then occupied forts " Huger" and 
" Tracy" on the night the rebel forces evacuated. Espe- 
cially commended in the official report of Admiral That- 
cher. In September, 1865, he was ordered to command 
the " Shamokin," on the coast of Brazil, where he re- 
mained until [868. He was made captain in May of 
that year. While in command of " Shamokin," conveyed 
Minister Washburn on his mission to Paraguay. 

He was commissioned as commodore 1874. Rear- 
admiral March, 1882. Commanded South Atlantic 
Squadron. Commanded Asiatic Squadron. Retired, 
on his own application, 1883. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



107 



CAPTAIN WM. H. H. CROWHLL, U.S.A. 

Captain Wm. II. H. Crowell (Sixth Infantry) was 
born in Ohio, January 25, [841, and at the commence- 
ment of the war of the Rebellion entered the volunteer 
service as private of Company F, First Ohio Artillery, 
April 21, 1 861, and served under General McClellan in 
West Virginia, and was engaged in the battles of Phil- 
ippi, June 3, 1S61 (which was the first contact of the 
hostile forces after the fall of Fort Sumter), and Laurel 
Hill, Virginia. He was honorably mustered out July 
27, 1 861 , but re entered the volunteer service December 
12, 1861, as second lieutenant Fifteenth Ohio Battery, 
and served in the Western army during the campaign 
of 1862, participating in the battle of the Hatchie 
October 7, 1862. He was in the campaign against 
Corinth, Mississippi, and under General Grant in his 
Mississippi campaign of 1S62. 

He resigned December 15, 1862, for the purpose of 
recruiting a battery for the Second Ohio Heavy Artil- 
lery, and was appointed recruiting officer by the Gov- 
ernor of Ohio, with the rank of second lieutenant. He 
was promoted to the captaincy of the battery Septem- 
ber 9, 1S63, and served with it at Munfordville in the 
fall and winter of 1863. He also served with General 
Sherman in his East Tennessee campaign, returning to 
his command at Knoxville, Tennessee, from the north 
in December, 1864. On arriving at Nashville, he found 
the enemy in possession of the road and country gener- 
ally between Nashville and Murfreesborough, and, being 
indefinitely detained and cut off from his command, he 
reported, by order of General George H. Thomas, to 
General Steadman for duty, and acted under his orders 
during the battle of Nashville. He was then stationed at 
Athens, Tennessee, where, by order of General Thomas, 
he fired one hundred guns in honor of the fall of Rich- 
mond. 

He commanded Forts Willich and Terrill, at the 
crossing of Green River, at Munfordville, Kentucky, 
and commanded a battalion of the Second Ohio Heavy 
Artillery in 1864-65. 

Captain Crowell was mustered out of the volunteer 
service on the 21st of August, 1865, but entered the 




regular service as second lieutenant of the Seventeenth 
Infantry January 22, 1867. He was promoted first lieu- 
tenant December 17, 1867, serving with his regiment 
until May 27, 1869, when he was placed on the unas- 
signed list of officers. While unassigned Captain Cro- 
well was engaged in reconstruction duty under General 
Canby in Virginia, and General Ames in Mississippi ; 
in the former State he was made military commissioner 
and superintendent of elections for five counties, and in 
Mississippi for two; his duties were to appoint and in- 
struct boards of registration in the counties under his 
control and recommend for appointment all county offi- 
cers, and to conduct and report the result of the election 
as directed in orders. 

He was assigned to the Sixth Infantry December 15, 
1870, and promoted to captain October 31, 1883. He 
served with his regiment on frontier duty in the Depart- 
ments of the Platte and the Missouri to April, 1889, 
having been adjutant of the Sixth Infantry from April 
10, 1882, to October 31, 1883. In 1889 he was ordered 
to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and assigned to duty as 
assistant instructor in infantry tactics, in connection with 
the School of Application. Captain Crowell's present 
station is Fort Thomas, Kentucky. 



io8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE 
W. CULLUM, U.S.A. (deceased). 

(' \i:r. \\d Brevet Major-General George W. 

I i i i i m was born in New York, and graduated from 
the Military Academy July i, 1833. He was promoted 
brevet second lieutenant of the Corps of Engineers the 
same day, and served as assistant engineer in the con- 
struction o) several government works until April 20, 
[836, when he was promoted second lieutenant. He was 
captain July 7, 1838, and continued as superintending 
engineer in the construction of important works along the 
Atlantii coa 1 

II was superintending engineer for devising and 
constructing sapper, miner, and pontoon trains for our 
armies in the war with Mexico, 1847-48; he was de- 
tailed on special duty at West Point, New York, pre- 
paring lor publication a memoir on military bridges, with 
India-rubber pontoons, and construction of Cadet Bar- 
rai ks at West Point, New York, [847-48, and at the same 
place as instructor in practical military engineering and 
commandant of sappers, miners, and pontoniers to July 
5. 1850. 

Captain Cullum then visited Europe, Asia, Africa, and 
the West 1 ni lie, on a sick-leave of absence, [850-52, when 
he returned to tin.: Military Academy in his former posi- 
tion, retaining it to January 1, 1X55. From that time 
until the commencement of the war of the Rebellion, 

■ 'lain Cullum was superintending engineer in the con 

11 lion of the New- York assay-office, of Fort Sumter, 
Castle Pinckney, and fort Moultrie, and other work in 
( harleston harbor ; repairs to works at Forts Macon and 
1 ■> iwell, North < larolina ; member of hoard to devise the 
defem esol Sandy Hook, New Jersey; and superintend 
of the 1 onstruction and repair of many other works af 
tls Atlantic seaboard. 



Captain Cullum was appointed lieutenant-colonel (staff 
aide-de-camp to the general-in-chief) April 9, 1861, ami 
colonel (staff, in same position) August 6, 1 86 1 . He was 
a member of the l T nited States Sanitary Commission from 
June 13, [861, to February 24, 1864, ami an associate 
member of the Western Sanitary Commission from Jan- 
uary 2 to July 1 1, [862. 

He was promoted major of Engineers August 6, and 
brigadier-general of volunteers November 1, (86r, serv- 
ing successively as chief engineer of Military Depart- 
ments ami chief of staff to General Ilalleck, while com- 
manding the armies and while chief of staff of the army, 
to September 5, 1864. 

General Cullum was employed during this time in con- 
struction of fortifications in the field, organizing defences, 
etc., and was chief engineer in the campaign in Tennessee 
and Mississippi in 1862, being engaged in the advance 
upon and siege of Corinth and in fortifying Corinth until 
July 18, 1862, and then employed on man}' other duties 
connected with the Engineer Department of the army, 
which cannot be enumerated here for want of space, until 
the ch isc ( if the war. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel 
of the Corps of Engineers March 3, 1863, and brevetted 
colonel and brigadier-general March 13, 1865, for " faith- 
ful and meritorious services during the Rebellion," and 
major-general March 13. 1865, for "faithful, meritorious, 
and distinguished services during the war of the Rebel- 
lion." 

General Cullum was selected as superintendent of the 
U. S. Military Academy September 8, 1864, and retained 
the position until August 28, 1866. He was mustered 
out of the volunteer service September 1, 1866, and was 
awaiting orders to the November following, when he was 
detailed as .1 member of the Board of Engineers to carry- 
out in detail the modifications of the defences in the vicin- 
ity of New York, as proposed by the board on January 
2J, 1864; and of Board of Engineers for Fortifications 
and River and Harbor Obstructions required for the 
defence of the Territory of the United States since May 
18, [867. 

He was promoted colonel of the Corps of Engineers 
March 7, 1867. 

General Cullum was retired from active service January 
13, 1874, and died in 1892. 

He was the author of a work on " Military Bridges, 
with India-rubber Pontoons," 1X49; of "Register of 
Officers and Graduates of the United States Military 
Academy," from March 16, 1802 (when established) to 
January I, 1X50; translator and editor of Duparcq's 
" Elements of Military Art and History," 1863; author 
of "Systems of Military Bridges," 1863; of various 
military memoirs, reviews, and reports, 1863-67; and of 
"Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of 
the United States Military Academy," 1891. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



109 



BRHVET MAJOR HARRY COOKE GUSHING, U.S.A. 

Brevet Major Harry Choice Cushing (captain 
Fourth Artillery) was born November 8, 1841, at Balti- 
more, Maryland. Went to Providence, Rhode Island, in 
1849, and lived there until the breaking out of the war. 
Graduated 1S60 at the Providence High School ; under- 
graduate of Brown University, which he left to join Bat- 
tery A, First Rhode Island Light Artillery. Corporal 
and sergeant therein from June 6 to November 5, 1S61, 
participating in battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. Second 
lieutenant Fourth Artillery October 24, 1 86 r, command- 
ing section in Light Battery F, Fourth Artillery, and en- 
gaged in the following actions : Dam No. 5, December 
11, 1861; Newtown, Virginia, May 24, 1802; Middle- 
town, Virginia, May 24, 1862 ; Winchester, Virginia, 
May 25, 1862; Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August 9, 1S62 ; 
(brevetted first lieutenant) Freeman's Ford, Virginia, 
August 23, 1862; Antietam, Maryland, September 17, 
1862. First lieutenant Fourth Artillery September 17, 
1862, and ordered to Army of the Cumberland. Com- 
manding Light Battery H, Fourth Artillery, ami engaged 
at Stewart's Creek, Tennessee, December 29, 1S62; 
Stone River, Tennessee, December 31, 1862, to Janu- 
ary 2, 1863; Woodbury, Tennessee, January 24, 1863; 
Chickamauga, Georgia, September 19-20, 1863 (bre- 
vetted captain), and siege of Chattanooga, Tennessee, 
October to November, 1863. Ordered, March, 1864, to 
Army of the Potomac ; Inspector of Artillery, Cavalry 
Corps, Arm_\' of the Potomac, and engaged at Parker's 
Store, May 5 ; Wilderness, May 6 ; Todd's Tavern, May 8 ; 
Spottsylvania, May 9; Childsburg, May 9; South Anna, 
May 10; Yellow Tavern, May 1 1 ; Meadow Bridges, May 
12; I Ianover, May 2; ; Hawes' Shop, May 28; Old Church, 
May 30; Cold Harbor, June I ; White House, June 20; 
St. Mary's Church, June 2^ ; siege of Petersburg, July ; 
Smithfield, August 28; (brevetted major) Bunker's Hill, 
November 9; and Cedar Springs, November 12, 1864; 
with the Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Sheri- 
dan's army in the Valley. On general recruiting service 
February, 1865, to October, 1866; rejoined regiment 
October, 1866, and served therewith continuously since. 
Captain Fourth Artillery August 22, 1S71 ; in command 
of Batter\- C until November, 1887; since when he has 




commanded Light Battery B. Since the war he has 
served at various posts in the Division of the Atlantic 
and Division of the Pacific, and participated in the fol- 
lowing Indian campaigns: Sioux campaign of 1876; 
Xez Perce campaign of 1877, and Apache campaign of 
1 88 1. During the Nez Perce campaign he was in com- 
mand of a separate column of General Howard's army, 
and was specially and particularly mentioned by that 
officer for the energy and good judgment displayed by 
him in executing the duties imposed on him. He is a 
graduate of the Artillery School, Class of 1870. Brown 
University conferred upon him, June id, 187 1, the degree 
of Master of Arts. He is a member of the Military Or- 
der of the Loyal Legion. 

For services in action during the war he was men- 
tioned particularly in the reports of his brigade, division, 
corps, and army commanders of Banks's, Pope's, and 
Rosecrans's campaigns. 

Major Cushing is a direct descendant of Nicholas 
Cooke, who was Governor of Rhode Island during the 
! Revolution ; of Colonel Samuel Barrett, one of the com- 
manders at Lexington ; of Captain Jarvis, of Massachu- 
setts Line, and Colonel Benjamin Church, who com- 
manded the Provincial army during King Philip's War, 
and who killed that celebrated Indian. 



no 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD XAl'Y {regular) 




MAJOR SAMUEL T. GUSHING. U.S.A. 

Major Samuel T. Cushing (Subsistence Department) 
was born in Rhode Island September 14, 1S39, and was 
graduated from the Military Academy July 1, i860. He 
was promoted acting second lieutenant of the Tenth 
Infantry, and served on the frontier in the Navajo cam- 
paign, and at Albuquerque and Santa Fe in the fall and 
winter of [860-61. He was promoted second lieutenant 
of the Second Infantry January 19, and first lieutenant 
May- 14, [861, serving as such in the defences of Wash- 
ington during that year. He served in the Manassas 
campaign as aide-de-camp to Colonel 1). S. Miles, 
Second Infantry, commanding the reserve division ; and 
as acting assistant inspector-general at the head-quarters 
of General McDowell, July and August, [861. 

lie was then detailed as assistant signal-officer at 
(amp of Instruction, Georgetown, I). C., from Septem- 
ber, [861, to May, 1862, and then was placed in charge 
of the Signal Office at Washington, 1). C., where he re- 
mained to ( Ictober, 1862, in the mean time having been 
promoted captain February 15, 1862. 

Captain Cushing was appointed captain and commis- 
sary of subsistence February 9, 1863, and made major in 
the Signal Corps May 29, [863, which latter appointment 
he declined. 

He was assigned to duty as instructor of signalling 
at the Military Academy July, 1863, which position 
he retained until January, 1864, when he was ordered 



on commissary duty in Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, 
and Mississippi from 1864 to 1866. 

Captain Cushing was appointed brevet major March 
13, 1865, "for faithful and meritorious services during 
the war." 

He was at St. Louis in March and April; on inspec- 
tor's duty from April 16 to August 23, 1866; on frontier 
duty in the latter part of that year, and again on inspec- 
tion duty from March to May, 1867; then at Fort 
Laramie. Wyoming, until ordered again on inspection 
duty from September to November, 1867, and then 
stationed at Cheyenne, Wyoming, to December of the 
same year. I fe was chief commissary of the Department 
of the Platte to March 4, 1867, and in April, 1868, was 
ordered to Texas, where he held the position of chief 
commissary of the department until May, 1873, when his 
station was changed to New Mexico, where he was chief 
commissary of the district until July, 1874, at which time 
he was ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, as chief com- 
missary of the Department of the South and purchasing 
commissary. From this post he was transferred to 
Atlanta, Georgia, September 20, 1 876, remaining there to 
February 10, 1877. 

Captain Cushing's field of action was changed to the 
Pacific coast February 22, 1877, where he performed the 
duties of purchasing commissary at San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, remaining there until 1880, in the mean time 
having participated in the campaign against hostile Pan- 
nock Indians from June to September, 1878, serving as 
chief commissary of the Department of the Columbia 
during the campaign and until May, 1883, when he was 
placed on special duty in the office of the commissary- 
general of subsistence at Washington, remaining there 
to February 12, 1884. At this time he was detailed on 
duty at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, distributing supplies to 
the sufferers from the flood on the Ohio River, which 
duty occupied him until March 17, [884, when he was 
once more ordered to Texas, performing the duties of 
chief commissary of that department and purchasing and 
depot commissary of subsistence at San Antonio. Being 
relieved from this duty in August, 1889, he was ordered 
to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, as purchasing and depot 
commissary of subsistence, part of the time being chief 
commissary of the Department of the Missouri. 

Captain Cushing was promoted major in the subsist- 
ence department August 28, 1888, and is at present on 
dutv at Fort Leavenworth. 



U'/fO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



1 1 1 



COMMANDER WILLIAM B. CUSHING. U.S.N. 
(deceased). 

Commander William B. Cushing was born in Wis- 
consin, in November, 1842, and was appointed to the 
Naval Academy in September, 1 S 5 7 . lie resigned in 
March, 1861, and went into the naval service afloat as an 
acting master's mate, as he was of that temperament 
which would not permit him to remain quietly at the 
Naval School when war was at hand. His was a dis- 
position which could, under such circumstances, give no 
thought to theoretical studies, — fortunately for us, for 
we wanted just such men at th.it time. He served in 
the "Cambridge" for a short time, and was restored to 
his rank as midshipman in October, 1861. After a sick- 
leave he was ordered to the "Minnesota," and promoted 
to lieutenant in [uly, in common with a large number of 
young officers necessary to supply the demands of the 
service growing out of the Civil War. Henceforth, for a 
period of nearly three years, his service was eminently 
conspicuous in deeds of daring. While in command of 
a small steamer upon the blockade, he often visited the 
inland waters of the enemy at the risk of his life. He 
usually went at night, lying concealed during the follow- 
ing day, and always having in view some definite object. 
He had, in narrow waters, frequent fights with the field- 
batteries of the enemy. Once, while blockading oil New 
Topsail Inlet, he reconnoitred .1 schooner lying inside, 
but was soon under the fire of a considerable force with 
a field-piece and small-arms. He retired; but, late that 
evening, he anchored his vessel close to the beach, 
abreast of the schooner, and several miles distant from 
the entrance to the inlet. Then he sent two boats on 
shore, the larger one to act as support. They hauled 
the smaller boat across the sand-beach, and launched her 
in the inlet beyond. Ensign Coney, with six men, then 
reconnoitred, and found that about twenty men and a 
small piece of artillery were guarding the vessel. In 
spite of this, an attack was made, the enemy routed, and 
ten prisoners, a howitzer, and eighteen small-arms cap- 
tured. The schooner and adjacent salt-works w : ere de- 
stroyed, and the expedition rejoined the vessel without 
loss. 

Once, while blockading off Cape Fear River, Cush- 
ing went in his gig, with six men, up the river past 
Fort Caswell, to Smithville, two miles above, and got 
important information. Once he entered the river in 
the same way, captured the mail-rider for Fort Fisher, 
and possessed himself of his bag. 

His most remarkable feat, however, was the destruc- 
tion of the iron-plated ram "Albemarle," while that for- 
midable vessel was secured to a wharf at Plymouth, 
North Carolina, with a guard of logs placed around her 
at a distance of thirty feet, — her crew on board to use 
her guns, and a company of soldiers on the wharf with 




small-arms and howitzers. Unfortunately, the reporters 
for the Northern press had found out that a torpedo-boat 
was preparing for those waters, and, of course, the infor- 
mation was transmitted to the enemy, so that they had 
ample time for preparation. The torpedo was of the 
earl_\- "boom" kind, carried in a steam-launch. The 
enemy was vigilant, and Cushing's approach was discov- 
ered after he had ascended the river, but before he came 
very near. But, nothing daunted by the fire of artillery 
and musketry, he put on steam, jumped his launch over 
the logs, lowered his torpedo in a most deliberate way, 
and blew the vessel up at the very moment when a shell 
from one of the heavy guns of the "Albemarle" and the 
column of water from the explosion of the torpedo sent 
the launch to the bottom. Cushing, Paymaster Swan, 
and others escaped, after much exposure in swimming 
down the ice-cold water and hiding in the swamps. But 
the terror of the " Sounds" was safely disposed of. For 
this act he was made lieutenant-commander, being then 
about twenty-two years of age. His entire career was a 
daring one, but he generally succeeded in his undertak- 
ings, because the) were carefully planned and carried out 
with wonderful nerve. 

When peace came Cushing seemed to suffer from a 
lack of purpose, and he could not reconcile himself to 
the perfunctory naval life. After the war he was execu- 
tive-officer of the " Lancaster." He commanded the 
" Maumee," on the Asiatic Station," for three years. He 
was promoted to commander in the regular order in 
January, 1872, when he was about thirty years old. 
He then commanded the "Wyoming." 

In the spring of 1874 he was ordered to the Wash- 
ington Navy-Yard, but was soon detached at his own 
! request. He soon showed symptoms of serious mental 
derangement, and was removed to the Government 
Hospital, where he died December 17, 1S74, at the age 
of thirty-two years. 



1 12 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (**< 




CAPTAIN C. C. CUSICK. U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain C. C. Cusick was born in Niagara County, 
New York, August 2, 1835. He is the paternal grand- 
son of Nicholas Cusick, an officer of the Revolutionary 
army of [776, who was an intimate friend and co-laborer 
of Washington and Marquis de Lafayette; the maternal 
grandson of Captain Chew, of the British army, and the 
sun of [ames Nicholas Cusick, who was for years the 
associate and companion of Catlin and Schoolcraft, the 
Indian historians, contributing largely to their work con- 
cerning the subject of "The Myths of the New World." 
His forest home in Western New York was honored by 
the frequent visits of .Audubon. Captain Cusick is now 
the only representative of the Six Nations of New York 
favored with a commission in the regular army. As a 
hereditary official of the ancient Iroquois confederacy, 
he was installed to office September 6, i860, as sui 1 
to William Chew, Si.. Sachem, and vacated the office 
June 20, 1S66, he having received an appointment in the 
regular army. 

lie entered the volunteer service during the war of the 
Rebellion as second lieutenant of the < ine Hundred and 
Thirty-second Infantry August 14, [862; was promoted 
first lieutenant July I, 1863, and captain May 31, 1865, 
but owing to the long delay before the last commission 
was received was not mustered in to that rank. He was 
assigned to duty at Suffolk, Virginia, from Octobei to 
the latter part of Decembi participated in several 

reconnoissances and engagements in the Blackwater re- 

1 and vicinity of Suffolk, Virginia; served at ' 
Berne. North Carolina, from January 2, 1863, until March 
7, 1865, uty, the defence of New Bi 

and active field duty ; timing the month of March, 1 
the One Hundred and Thirty-second New York Infantry 
inie a part of the Twenty-third Army Corps, and ad- 



vanced with it into the interior of North Carolina under 
Major-General Schofield ; commanded the large escort 
of infantry for General Sherman's supply-train from 
Goldsborough to Kingston, North Carolina, and return; 
pending the surrender of General Johnston- army near 
Raleigh, North Carolina, he was assigned to duty as act- 
ing assistant ordnance officer of the Second Division, 
Twenty-third Army Corps. 

Captain Cusick led a charging force at night composed 
of two companies of the One Hundred and Thirty-second 
New York Infantry on works at Jackson's Mills, North 
Carolina; entire Confederate grand guard captured; 
1 olonel Foulke, commandant of Kingston, North Caro- 
lina, attempted the rescue of prisoners the same night ; 
he was also captured, together with his entire stall and 
escort; led a charging party on works at Southwest 
Creek, North Carolina, with one hundred and fifty 
selected men; works captured and colors planted; Feb- 
ruary, 1S64, participated in the heroic defence of Bache- 
lor's Creek Bridge, and other points of crossing, during 
the advance on New Berne by the Confederate forces 
under General Pickett ; participated in the severe battle- 
that was fought at Wise's Forks, near Kingston, North 
( arolina, March 9-1 1, 1865. He was recommended for 
brevet by the colonel of his regiment in 1867, for gallant 
and meritorious services during the war; but not acted 
on by the Senate of the United States owing to the order 
of [867, suspending the granting of brevets. 

Captain Cusick was appointed second lieutenant of the 
Thirteenth Infantry June 20, 1866; transferred to the 
Thirty-first Infantry September 20. 1866; transferred to 
the Twenty-second Infantry May 15, 1869; promoted 
first lieutenant August 5, 1872, and captain January 1. 
[888. He joined his regiment in the West and aided in 
repelling an attack on Fort Stevenson, North Dakota, by 
hostile Sioux Indians August, 1867 ; repulsed a night attack 
< if train escort "by hostile Sioux Indians near Spring Lake, 
North Dakota, July 2~, 186S; engaged with one hundred 
and seventy-five hostile Sioux Indians under Sitting Bull, 
near Fort Buford, Montana, August 20, [868; captured 
Little Running Bear, a Brule Sioux Indian, an associate 
of Sitting Bull, fanuary, 1869. who was killed shortly 
afterwards while attempting to escape; engaged with 
a band of Indians under Crazy Horse, near Wolf Moun- 
tain, Montana, January 8-9, 1877: May 7—8, 1877, 
engaged with band of hostile Sioux Indians under 
Lame Deer; capture of lour hundred horses and camp 
destroyi 1 

Captain Cusick' was appointed by Director-General 
Davis, of the World's Columbian Exposition, as honorary 
and special assistant in the Department of American Ar- 
y and Ethnology September jj, 1891. Upon 
his own request, 1 aptain ( usick was honorably retired 
from active service January 14, 1892. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



1 1 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GEN- 
ERAL GEORGE A. CUSTER, U.S.A. (deceased). 

Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Major-General 
George A. Custer was born in Ohio. lie graduated at 
the Military Academy June 24, 1861, and was promoted 
se ond lieutenant of the Second Cavalry- the same day. 
He was detailed to drill volunteers at Washington, and 
then participated in the battle of first Bull Run, July 21, 
[861. He was absent, sick', from October, 1861, to Feb- 
ruary, 1862, and then participated in the Peninsula cam- 
paign of the Army of the Potomac, being engaged in 
the siege of Yorktown. He was promoted first lieuten- 
ant Fifth Cavalry July 17, 1862, and captain of stall 
(additional aide de-camp) June 5, 1862, and served on 
the staff of Major-General McClellan in September and 
October, 1862, and was engaged in the battles of South 
Mountain and Antietam. He participated in Stoneman's 
raid towards Richmond, aide-de-camp to General Pleas- 
onton in combat at Brand}- Station, and on June 29, 
1863, he was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers. 
As such, lie commanded a cavalry brigade in the Pennsyl- 
vania campaign, and was engaged in the action at Aldie, 
battle of Gettysburg, various skirmishes in pursuit of the 
enemy, with constant fighting at Monterey, Smithsburg, 
I Iagerstown, Williamsport, and Boonsborough ; in fact, 
from this time to the end of the war his history is that of 
the Army of the Potomac, and the actions in which he- 
was engaged are so numerous that it would require the 
space of this entire sketch to enumerate them. He com- 
manded a brigade of cavalry in the Richmond campaign, 
cavalry corps in the Shenandoah campaign with Sheri- 
dan, and a division of cavalry in the Appomattox cam- 
paign of 1865, and was present at the capitulation of 
General Lee April 5, 1865. He then made a raid to 
Dan River, North Carolina, from April 24 to May 3, 
1S65, and was in command of a cavalry division in the 
Military Division of the Southwest from June 3 to July 
17. 1865. 

General Custer was appointed major-general of volun- 
teers April 15, 1865, and was brevetted in the regular 
army, major, for Gettysburg, July '3, 1863; lieutenant- 
colonel, for Yellow Tavern; colonel, for Winchester;] 
brigadier-general, for Five Forks; major-general, for 
gallant and meritorious services during the campaign 
ending in the surrender of the insurgent army of North- 
ern Virginia. He was also brevetted a major-general of 
United States Volunteers, for " gallant and meritorious 
services at the battles of Winchester and Fisher's Hill, ; 
Virginia." 




He served in the Military Division of the Gulf from 
July 17 to November 13, 1865, and was chief of cavalry 
of the Department of Texas to February 1 , 1 866, at which 
time he was mustered out of the volunteer service. He 
was then granted leave of absence, and was awaiting 
orders to September 24, 1866, when he was placed on 
frontier duty at Fort Riley, Kansas, October 16, 
1866. 

General Custer was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 
Seventh Cavalry July 28, 1S66, and served on the plains; 
in campaign against the Sioux ami Cheyennes, on the 
South Platte and Republican Rivers, 1867-68; various 
other expeditions, scouts, and combats, and notably the 
Big Horn and Yellowstone expedition of 1876, where he 
and his gallant band were all massacred in the fight with 
Sitting Bull's village on the Little Big Horn River, 
Montana. The closing scene in Custer's history has 
been described by Horned Horse, an old Sioux chief, as 
follows : " Custer then sought to lead his men up to the 
bluffs by a diagonal movement, all of them having dis- 
mounted and firing, whenever they could, over the backs 
of their horses at the Indians, who had by that time 
crossed the river in thousands, mostly on foot, and had 
taken Custer in flank and rear, while others annoyed him 
by a galling fire from across the river. Hemmed in on 
all sides, the troops fought steadily, but the fire of the 
enemy was so close and rapid that they melted like snow 
before it, and fell dead among their horses in heaps. 
The firing was continuous until the last man of Custer's 
command was dead. The water-course, in which most 
of the soldiers died, ran with bl 1 



IS 



H4 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR AND BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL 
AARON S. DAGGETT, U.S.A. 

Majok \\i> Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Aaron S. 
Daggi i i (Thirteenth Infantry) was born in Maine June 
14, 1839. Heistheson of Aaron and Dorcas (Dearborn) 
I laggett, and married Rose, the daughter of Major-Gen- 
eral Phillips Bradford, of Turner, a lineal descendant of 
Governor William Bradford, of Plymouth County. 

At the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion, Major 
Daggetl enlisted as a private April 29, 1861, and was 
commissioned second lieutenant May 1, 1 861. lie was 
promoted first lieutenant of Company E, Fifth Maine 
Infantry, May 24, and captain of the company August 4, 
[861. 

from the first engagement of the regiment (battle 
oi first Bull Run) to the end of its three years' memo- 
rable service, Captain Daggett did faithful duty, and 
was promoted major April 14, [B63, and on January 
[8, [865, was commissioned lieutenant coloi i of the 
Fifth Regimenl U. S. Veteran Volunteers (Hancock's 
Corps). 

( olonel Daggett was brevetted colonel and brigadier- 
general of volunteers March 2, [867, for "gallant and 
meritorious services during the war," and received the 
brevets of major L : . S. Army for "gallant and meri- 
torious services at the battle of Rappahannock Station, 
Virginia, November 7, [863," and lieutenant colonel for 

lllanl and meritorious services in the battle of the 
Wilderness, Virginia." 

Immediately alter the battle of Rappahannock Station, 
the captured trophies — flags, cannon, etc. — were es< orted 
to General Meade's head-quarters, Colonel Daggett bein<* 
in command of the battalion of his brigade, he having 
been chosen by General Upton, the escort b 1 ted 

from those who had taken the most conspicuous part in 



that battle. General Upton wrote as follows regarding 
Colonel Daggett : 

" In the assault at Rappahannock Station, Colonel 
Daggett's regiment captured over five hundred prisoners. 
In the assault at Spottsylvania Court-House, May 10, his 
regiment lost six out of seven captains, the seventh being 
killed on the 12th of May at 'the angle,' or the point 
where the tree was shot down by musketry, on which 
ground the regiment fought from 9.30 A. M. until 5.30 P. M., 
when it was relieved. On all these occasions Colonel 
Daggett was under my immediate command, and fought 
with distinguished braver)-. Throughout his military 
career in the Army of the Potomac he maintained the 
character of a good soldier and an upright man, and his 
promotion would be but a simple act of justice, which 
would be commended by all those who desire to see 
courage rewarded." 

In recommending him to Governor Corry for promo- 
tion, General Upton said : 

" Major Daggett served his full term in this brigade 
with honor both to himself and State, and won the repu- 
tation of being a brave, reliable, and efficient officer. His 
promotion would be a great benefit to the service, while 
the honor of the State could scarcely be intrusted to 
safer hands." 

Generals Meade, Wright, and Russell concurred in 
this recommendation. 

General W. S. Hancock also recommended him for pro- 
motion. He was twice slightly wounded during the war. 
Colonel Daggett was appointed a captain in the Six- 
teenth U. S. Infantry Jul)' 28, 1866; was transferred to 
the Second Infantry April 17, 1869; was promoted major 
January 2, 1892, and assigned to the Thirteenth Infantry. 
He was not an applicant for a position in the regular 
army. The appointment was made without solicitation, 
by recommendation of General Grant. In the regular 
arm)- he has won the reputation of being a fine tactician, 
and also of being well versed in military law. 

( olonel Daggett is not only a soldier, but has ability 
ouside of his profession. As a public speaker, the fol- 
lowing is said by the Rev. S. S. Cummings, of Boston: 
" It was my privilege and pleasure to listen to an address 
delivered by General A. S. Daggett on Memorial Day 
of 1891. I had anticipated something able and instruc- 
tive, but it far exceeded my fondest expectations. . . . 
The address was dignified, yet affable, delivered in choice 
language without manuscript, instructive and impressive, 
and highly appreciated by an intelligent audience." 

A Vinton (Iowa) paper, August, 18S9, thus says of 
Colonel Daggett: "In the evening a very interesting 
programme was carried out in front of regimental head- 
quarters, it being music and speaking combined. . . . 
Colonel Daggett proves to be an eloquent orator as well 
as a good soldier." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



115 



REAR-ADMIRAL JOHN A. DAHLGREN, U.S.N. 
(deceased). 

Rear-Admiral John A. Da?ilgren was born in Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania, and appointed midshipman from 
that State in 1826, serving in the Brazil and the Mediter- 
ranean Squadrons, in the " Macedonian" and "Ontario;" 
passed midshipman in April, 1832, and was on duty on 
the Coast Survey until 1842; commissioned as lieutenant 
in March, 1S37; served in the frigate "Cumberland," in 
the Mediterranean, during 1844-45. Prom 1847 to 1857 
he was upon ordnance duty, during which time he per- 
fected the invention of the famous Dahlgren heavy guns, 
introduced howitzers for use afloat and ashore, and wrote 
several works relating to ordnance. In September, 1855, 
he was commissioned as commander; commanded the 
ordnance practice-ship "Plymouth" in 1858-59, and was 
on ordnance duty at the Washington Navy-Yard in 
1860-61. At this time his guns were in general use in 
the navy, and there were never better or more reliable 
ones of their kind. 

On April 22, 1861, a few daws after the attack of the 
Baltimore mob on the Massachusetts troops, all the 
officers of the Washington Navy-Yard resigned and left, 
except Commander Dahlgren, Lieutenant Wainwright 
( who was absent on sick-leave), and the boatswain. The 
officers who thus left were a commodore-commandant, a 
commander, two lieutenants, the surgeon, and paymas- 
ter. The command devolved upon Dahlgren, who took 
vigorous measures to defend the navy-yard. After the 
immediate emergency passed away, it was suggested that 
the law required that a captain should command a navy- 
yard, and applications were made for his position, but 
the President refused to disturb him, and Congress passed 
an act enabling him to retain the command. Commis- 
sioned captain June 16, 1862, and shortly afterwards 
appointed chief of the Bureau of Ordnance. Promoted 
to rear-admiral February 7, 1863, and relieved Rear- 
Admiral Dupont, in the command of the South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, Jul}- 6 of that year. A com- 
bined operation of naval and army forces, the latter 
under General Gillmore, was then begun for the posses- 
sion of Morris Island, on the south side of the entrance 
to Charleston. 

After a long and severe struggle the island was 
finally possessed, and the guns of the army and the 
fleet soon reduced Fort Sumter to a pile of ruins. The 
fort itself was assaulted by a boat expedition which 
failed. But Dahlgren's fleet thenceforth remained inside 




the bar and blockade-running at that port was at an end. 
In Pebruary, 1864, Admiral Dahlgren commanded in 
person an expedition to the St. John's River. In July, 
1864, a concerted movement was made up the Stono 
River by General Foster and Admiral Dahlgren. This 
expedition, well conceived, failed for want of energetic 
carrying out on the part of some of the army subordinates. 
The column under Colonel Hoyt actually captured Fort 
Johnson, but, being unsupported, were made prisoners. 
On December 12, 1864, General Sherman having success- 
fully accomplished his march to the sea, reached the 
vicinity of Savannah, and Admiral Dahlgren immediately 
established communication with him, and made the best 
possible disposition of the vessels under his command 
to assist the army in taking possession of Savannah, 
which was occupied by Sherman on December 21, 1864. 
On February 18, 1865, the movements of Sherman's 
army caused the evacuation of Charleston by the Con- 
federate forces, and Admiral Dahlgren at once moved 
his vessels up and occupied that city. The evacuation of 
Charleston was followed by that of Georgetown, and 
on February 26 the admiral occupied that place. < >n 
March 1, immediately after the surrender, his flag-ship 
was blown up by a torpedo and sunk. In 1866 Rear- 
Admiral Dahlgren was ordered to the command of the 
South Pacific Squadron. On returning from that ser- 
vice, in 1868, he was for the second time appointed chief 
of the Bureau of Ordnance. In the fall of 1869 he was 
relieved from the charge of that bureau at his own 
request, and ordered to the command of the Washington 
Navy-Yard, where he died in 1S70. 



n6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




COMMANDER WM. STARR DANA, U.S.N. 
(deceased). 

Commander Wiiliam Starr Dana was born in New 
York April, 1843; and was the son of Richard P. Dana, 
win isc ancestor Richard came from England to Massa- 
chusetts in 1640. Many of the members of the family 
have since been well known in the literary and scientific 
world. Commander Dana entered the Naval Academy in 
1859, ami graduated in [863, becoming an ensign in the 
same year. After a short service in the North Atlantic 
Squadron, he was ordered to the West Gulf Squadron. 
Was attached to the flag-ship " Hartford" at the battle 
of Mobile Bay, and participated in all the events, — the 
taking ol Forts Morgan, Gaines; and Powell and other 
operations of that epoch of the Civil War. lie was 
of those who received the thanks of Admiral Far- 
it ; and was included in the thanks of Congre voted 
to the "officers, seamen, and marines of the fleet, for the 
unsurpassed gallantry and skill exhibited by them in the 
engagement in .Mobile Bay on the 5th day of August, 
[864." After the close nf the war Commander Dana 
was executive-officer of the "Shenandoah," 1879-81, — 
the flag-ship of Rear- Admiral Andrew Bryson, on the 
South Atlantic Squadron. For two months, pending a 
change ol captains, he was in command of the "Shen- 
andoah." When the inspection of the ship was made. 



upon the new captain taking command he reported that 
the condition of the ship bore testimony to the vigilance 
and industry of those in authority, — "as near perfection 
as the exertions of the officers and crew could arrive at 
with the armament furnished by the government." Rear- 
Admiral Bryson endorsed the report very favorably, 
mentioning that Dana's "best energies have been given, 
as the executive, to the well-being of the vessel." 

He was regarded as having most seamanlike qualities, 
and was favorably regarded for the order and discipline 
of the vessels in which he served. The late Admiral 
Nicholson, who was a competent judge in such matters, 
said, "He," Dana, "was a conscientious, painstaking 
officer." 

Commander Dana was for a time a companion ol the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, 
lie was also a member of the Academy of Sciences of 
New York. 

In 1889 he obtained .1 few months' leave of absence 
for the purpose of European travel, and was on his way 
home when he was taken with pneumonia, in Paris, and 
died there on January 1, 1890. 

After his service with Admiral Farragut in the " Hart- 
Cud," he served on the Pacific Station, being promoted 
to master while attached to "St. Mary's." "Aroostook," 
of Asiatic Squadron, [866-68, and promoted lieutenant 
while serving in her. In the "Shenandoah," on same 
station, when promoted to lieutenant-commander; and 
then served in "Ashuelot." Attached to "Brooklyn" 
and "Plymouth," of the European Squadron, 1870-75. 
Executive-officer of " ( Issipee," in the West Indies,- 
1874-75. Executive-officer of receiving-ship "Colo- 
rado," 1875-77. In 1878 he took a course of tor- 
pedo instruction at Newport. From 1879 to 1881 he 
was attached to " Shenandoah," as already mentioned. 

Commissioned commander September, 1881. After 
some duty at the New York Navy-Yard, and in com- 
mand of torpedo-boat "Alarm," he made a cruise in 
command of the " Nipsic," South Atlantic Squadron, 
returning home in June, 1886. His next station was 
the Naval War College, during a course lasting some 
weeks, in 18S7. In [888 he took another course at the 
Torpedo Instruction, and after that was ordered to duty 
at the Naval War College, Newport, from August to 
November, 1888, This terminated his active service. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



117 



CAPTAIN AND BRHVET MAJOR JOHN A. DARLING, 

U.S.A. 

Captain and Brevet Major John A. Darling (First 
U. S. Artillery) was born at Bucksport, Maine, June 7, 
1835. His ancestors settled in New England in 1632, 
and were ever quick to respond to all calls for support 
from the colonies and republic, rendering distinguished 
services. Major Darling graduated at the State Military 
Academy of Pennsylvania; was commissioned second 
lieutenant in Second U. S. Artillery, August 5, 1861. 

Ilis first service was at Fort McHenry. In the au- 
tumn of 1861 he was ordered to Sedalia, Missouri, to 
command Light Battery F of his regiment, well known 
as " Totten's Battery." 

In the exceptionally severe winter of 1862, he marched, 
with his command, to St. Louis Arsenal, a distance of 
three hundred miles, arriving in February after a month's 
march. From there he proceeded at once to New Mad- 
rid, Missouri, and was engaged in active operations both 
there and at Island No. 10, resulting in their capture. 

In addition to the command of his battery, he was 
specially detailed, in charge of two companies of volun- 
teer engineer troops, to make gabions and fascines and to 
construct a field-work. 

General Pope in his report says, " Lieutenant Darling's 
battery, Second Artillery, U.S.A., was frequently under 
the enemy's fire, and behaved in a very gallant and 
creditable manner." 

Having been promoted to a first lieutenancy, he was 
appointed aide-de-camp to Major-General John A. Dix. 
While on this duty he made the first exchange of war 
prisoners, being associated with Judge Ould, commis- 
sioner of the Confederate States. He was also engaged 
in actual field-service before Suffolk, Virginia, and on the 
Peninsula. In March, 1863, was appointed major of 
Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery. Commanded regiment 
and Camp Hamilton, Virginia, until June. Prom there 
transferred to duty at Port Monroe, Virginia, till Oc- 
tober, 1864. At this date, having been detailed as acting 
assistant inspector-general for the Eastern District of 
Virginia, he served until June, 1865, in that capacity. 
Upon being relieved and returned to his regiment at 
Fort Monroe, Virginia, he remained there until Septem- 
ber, 1865. During July and August, 1865, he held as 
prisoners in close confinement President Jefferson Davis, 
Senator C. C. Clay, and Editor John Mitchell (the Irish 
refugee), of the Southern Confederacy. 

Brevetted captain and major for " gallant and meritori- 
ous services," he was honorably mustered out of the vol- 
unteer service, and ordered to join his regular regiment, 
the Second U. S. Artillery, at Alcatraz Island, San Fran- 
cisco harbor, where he remained until December, 1S67, 
commanding the post from July, 1866. 

Placed in command of the post and his battery at Fort 




Point San Jose, San PYancisco, he remained there until 
February, 186S. Was promoted captain to date from 
December 9, 1 S6/. 

Removed to Fort Stevens, Oregon, he commanded the 
post and battery there until January, 1S71. 

Upon the reduction of the army in January, 1871, he was 
honorably mustered out of the service. By special act of 
Congress he was recommissioned as captain of artillery, 
with former rank and date of commission, and assigned 
to the First U. S. Artillery. The following is an extract 
from the united report of the Senate and House Commit- 
tees on Military Affairs, unanimously adopted by both 
bodies: " His record during the war is that of a gallant, 
faithful, and efficient officer, who was constantly in the 
field, having command of artillery in active operations in 
Missouri, at New Madrid, Island No. 10, and, later, in 
the campaigns in Virginia. At the conclusion of the 
war he was brevetted captain and major for gallant and 
meritorious conduct." 

From May, 1878, to July, 1879, he was on duty at the 
Artillery School at Fort Monroe, Virginia. Ordered to 
Fort Trumbull, Connecticut, in July, 1879, he commanded 
Battery M, First U. S. Artillery, at that point until 
November, 1881. Commanded post of Fort Mason, San 
Francisco, until February, 1889, nearly eight years. He 
was then removed to the Presidio of San Francisco, re- 
maining until April, 1889. Ordered to Alcatraz Island, 
San Francisco harbor, he was on duty with his battery 
until May, 1890. At that date his regiment was ordered 
east, and he has been, up to the present time, in command 
of his batter)- at Governor's Island, New York harbor. 

Major Darling is well known in the musical world as 
August Mignon, under which nom de plume have been 
published, both in this country and in Europe, many 
vocal and instrumental compositions of acknowledged 
hi<>h artistic merit. 



n.S 



OFF/ CURS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (.regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL CHARLES HENRY DAMS. I I.S.N. 

(hi CI \S\ D). 

R i vr-Admirai Cii \rles Henry Davis, son of 1 )aniel 
Davis, Solicitor-General of Massachusetts, was born in 
Boston January [6, 1S07. He entered Harvard College 
in [821, and on August ij, [823, was appointed mid- 
shipman in the navy. 1 1 i ^ first cruise was in the Pacific, 
mi board the frigate" United States," under Commodore 
Isaac Hull. He served temporarily on board the 
schooner " Dolphin," on a cruise to the Mulgrave Isl- 
ands, in search 11I the mutineers oi the whale-ship 
"Globe." 

He was attached to the sloop "Erie," in the West In- 
dies, in [828 ; passed his examination in [829, taking high 
rank in his class; served as sailing-master of the "< )nta- 
rin," in the Mediterranean, until (832 ; was commissi, med 
lieutenant in [ 83 1 ; sailed in the " Yinccnncs" as flag- 
lieutenant to Commodore Alexander Wadsworth, in [833, 
1 hi the I'.u it'n Station; returned to the United States in 
[835 in command of the American hark "Vermont," 
which had been condemned at Callao; and from [837 to 
1840 he served on hoard the razee "Independence," in 
Europe, and on the Brazil Station. In 1 840 he began the 
serious study oi mathematics. He was attached to the 
Coast Survey from [842 to [849. During this period he 
discovered Davis' New South Shoal, lying off Nantucket 
Shoals, and published his paper, on the Geological 
Action of the Tidal and other Currents oi the Ocean, 
and mi the Law of Deposit of the Flood-tide, which 
gave him reputation as a hydrographer of skill. II 
served on several harbor commissions. In [849 he 

iblished the Nautical Almanac, and became its first 

superintendent. Commander in [854, he commanded 

the " St. Mary's," in the Pacific, 1856 59, I [e raised the 

ol Rivas, and received the surrender of Walker, 



the filibuster, thereby saving his life, and took him out of 
Nicaragua. In 1 857 he published a translation of Gauss's 
" Theoria Motus Corporum Ccelestium." This was the 
first presentation in English of this standard authority 
for astronomers. In [861 he was member of the Hoard 
on Construction of New Vessels, and of the Commission 
on Southern Harbors, which planned the expedition to 
Port Royal, in which he sailed as fleet-captain, under 
Dupont. 

In May, [862, having been promoted to captain, 
he relieved flag-officer Foote, in command of the Mis- 
sissippi Flotilla, off Fort Pillow. A few days after as- 
suming command, he, with seven vessels, beat oil a 
squadron of eight iron-clads in an action lasting an hour, 
the enemy's vessels avoiding capture under the guns oi 
Fort Pillow. On June 5 Fort Pillow was evacuated, and 
on the 6th Davis brought on a general action with the 
Confederate iron dads and rams off Memphis, won a 
signal victory, and received the surrender of the city, 
lie then joined Farragut, and was engaged in operations 
near Vicksburg and on the Yazoo River until Septem- 
ber, when he was forced, through ill health, to relinquish 
his command. He was made rear-admiral in [863, and 
became the first chief of the Bureau of Navigation, and 
in 1865 was appointed superintendent of the Naval 
Observatory. In [867 he hoisted his flag on board 
the " Guerriere," as commander-in-chief of the Brazil 
Station. 

During this cruise he proceeded in force to Paraguay 
and demanded and obtained the surrender of two per- 
sons, one an American and the other a British subject, 
who had claimed protection of the American legation, 
and had been arrested by Lopez, when the minister left 
the country. Phis action involved Davis in a contro- 
versy with the ministers to Brazil and Paraguay, in which 
he was sustained by the Department. A congressional 
investigation followed, in which he was vindicated. He 
commanded the Norfolk Navy- Yard [870-73. In 1 S74 
he was again appointed superintendent ol the Observ- 
atory, at which post he died February 18, [877. 
Admiral Davis took the degree of A. B. at Harvard, and 
was made LL.D. by the same University in 1868. He 
was a member of the National Academy of Sciences, of 
the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, of the 
Massachusetts branch of the Society of the Cincin- 
nati, and of the Military < )rder of the Loyal Legion, and 
was the author of many writings on scientific and other 
subjects. He received the thanks of Congress and his 
rear-admiral's commission for his victories at Fort Pillow 
and Memphis. 

A stained-glass window in the Memorial Hall, at Har- 
vard, commemorates the fact that he was the oldest repre- 
entative of the University, and the senior in rank-, who 
served during the Civil War. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



•'9 



COLONEL JEFFERSON C. DAVIS. U.S.A. 
(deceased). 

Colonel Jefferson C. Davis was born in Indiana, 
and appointed from the army. He was a private in the 
Third Indiana Volunteer Infantry June, 1S46 ; engaged in 
Taylor's campaigns against Monterey and Saltillo, and 
the battle of Buena Vista, Mexico; sergeant Third In- 
diana Volunteer Infantry February, 1 S47 ; second lieu- 
tenant First L T . S. Artillery June, 1848. He joined 
the regiment at Fort McHenry October, 1848, and was 
at Fort Washington, Maryland, and on the coast of 
Mississippi until the fall of 1852. First lieutenant First 
U. S. Artillery February, 1852, and in Florida in 1853. 
lb- was at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, until the fall of 
1855 with a light battery ; at Fort McHenry to [857; 
on the east coast of Florida to summer of 1858, and at 
Fort Moultrie, South Carolina, till December, l86l,when 
it was evacuated and Fort Sumter occupied. Engaged 
in the defence of Fort Sumter, South Carolina. He was 
mi staff duty, mustering and equipping troops for the 
field, Indianapolis, from May to August, 1 861. Captain 
First U. S. Artillery May, 1861 ; colonel Indiana Volun- 
teer Infantry August, [861 ; commanding forces holding 
Jefferson City, Lexington, and Boonville; commanding 
brigade in the Army of the Southwest, and at the action 
of Springfield, Missouri ; commanding Camp of Instruc- 
tion at Otterville, Missouri. I Ie commanded the forces 
engaged in the defeat and capture of the rebels on the 
Blackwater, Missouri, December, 1861. Commanded a 
di\ ision and was engaged in the action at Springfield and 
pursuit of Price. Commanded the troops in the action at 
Cross Timbers, Arkansas, and participated in the battle 
of Pea Ridge, Arkansas. lie was in command of a 
division at the siege of Corinth, and in the pursuit of 
the enemy to Boonville. Made brigadier-general U. S. 
Volunteers May, 1862, to rank from December, 1861. 
Commanded troops in the engagement at Nolensville and 
Nole Gap in the advance on Murfreesborough. He was 
at the battle of Stone River, and commanded the forces 
in pursuit of the rebel General Wheeler. In the cam- 
paign against Tullahoma and Chattanooga; engaged at 
action of Liberty Gap, battles of Chickamauga, Mis- 
sionary Ridge, pursuit of the rebels; actions of Chicka- 
mauga Station and Shepard's Farm ; expedition for the 
relief of Knoxville; reconnoissance at Dalton; action of 
Buzzard's Roost (commanding forces) ; advance on At- 
lanta, battle of Resaca, capture of Rome ; actions around 
Dallas, assault on Kenesaw Mountain, and capture of 
Marietta; in the actions of Nicojack Creek, Chatta- 




hoochie River, battle of Peach-Tree Creels', and oper- 
ations around Atlanta, Georgia. Brevet major-general 
U. S. Volunteers August, [864; commanding Fourteenth 
Arms' Corps; engaged at the battle and occupation ot 
fonesborough ; pursuit of the rebel General Hood in rear 
of .Atlanta. He was in Sherman's march to the sea and 
through the Carolinas, being engaged at the capture of Sa- 
vannah, Georgia; battles of Averysborough and Benton- 
ville, capture of Raleigh, and surrender of the rebel army 
under General Johnston. In the march to Washington 
City via Richmond, Virginia, and transported the Four- 
teenth Corps to Louisville, Kentucky, when it was mus- 
tered out of service fuly and August, 1865 ; commanded 
Department of Kentucky 1866; commanded expedition 
to occupy Alaska, and in command of Department of 
Alaska September, 1867, to August, 1870. Brevet major 
U. S. Army for gallant and meritorious conduct at the 
battle of Rome, Georgia; brevet colonel U. S. Army for 
gallant and meritorious conduct at the battle of Pea 
Ridge, Arkansas; brevet lieutenant-colonel U. S. Army 
for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battle of Res- 
aca, Georgia; brevet colonel I 7 . S. Army for gallant and 
meritorious conduct at the battle of Rome, Georgia; 
brevet brigadier-general U. S. Army for gallant and mer- 
itorious conduct at the battle of Kenesaw Mountain, 
Georgia; brevet major-general U.S. Army for gallant 
and meritorious conduct at the battle of Jonesborough, 
Georgia. Colonel Twenty-third U. S. Infantry July, 1866. 
Eastern Superintendency General Recruiting Service, 
New York City, from January, 1871. Died November 
30, 1879. 



120 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY [regular) 




COLONEL AND BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL 

HANNIBAL DAY. U.S.A. (de< i vsed). 

Colonel \m> Brevei Brigadier-General Hannibai 
Day was born at Montpelier, Vermont, February 17, 
1804; he was the son of Dr. Sylvester Day, Surgeon 
I '. S. .\nn_\-. and grandson of Dr. Elkanah Day. of 
Westminster, Vermont, — one of the pioneers in the set- 
tlement of that State, who was active in establishing the 
State government, independent of the States of New 
York and New Hampshire. 

Genera] Day had an early experience in the military 
service, when in the beginning of the War of 1812 { 15th 
Inly), at the age of eight years, he with his father and 
the garrison oi Eort Michilimackinac, were taken [iris- 
oners by a British force of Canadians and Indians. The 
prisoners were paroled and sent to Detroit, where they 
wi re, a month later, at- the surrender of the United States 
forces on 16th August, 1812, of which event and of the 
indignant expressions of the army officers, the general 
retained a \i\ id re. 1 illection. 

\iier 1 full's surrender the Michilimackinac paroled 
prisoners were all taken on board a sloop and carried to 
Fort Erie, on Lake Erie. Captain Elliot, of the navy, 
was at Buffalo with some boats; and the gallant Captain 
Laws, .11 was there with the land tones; la- \olunteered 
to man the boats and rescue the prisoners, which was 
acci implished on a dark night without the loss of a man ; 
no mention of the- services of the army was made by 
Elliot in the report of the affair. After his rescue and 
his early experience of the incidents of war, young Han- 
nibal Day returned to his native town and pursued his 
studies in the academic schools of his native State. In 



18 18 his father procured for him an appointment of cadet 
in the West Point Military Academy. Ill health pre- 
vented the successful pursuit of his studies, and he was 
allowed to enter the next class on September I, 1 8 19, 
and he was graduated on the 1st of Jul}-, 1823, and was 
at that date appointed second lieutenant Second Regi- 
ment U. S. Infantry, and served in the same regiment in 
the grades of first lieutenant, captain, major, and lieuten- 
ant-colonel. ( >n the 7th of July, 1862, he was appointed 
colonel of the Sixth Regiment of Infantry. Lie was 
ommissioned brigadier- general by brevet on March 13, 
1865, for long and faithful service in the ami}-. 

lie served fort}- years continuously: In garrison at 
Fort Brady, Michigan, 1823—28; on Topographical duty, 
1828-31 ; in garrison at Fort Niagara, New York, 1832; 
Fort Dearborn, Illinois, 1832-33; Hancock Barracks, 
Maryland, 1833-36; Fort Independence. Massachusetts, 
[836; on recruiting service, 1836-3S; in the Florida 
War, 1838-39 and 1841-42; at Buffalo, .1842-45 ; and 
Detroit, 1845—46. In the Mexican War hew, is stationed 
at Tampico, 1846-47, and afterwards served in many 
places in California ami on the Indian frontier. At the 
beginning of the Civil War he was at Fort Abercrombie, 
and was soon ordered to Georgetown, District of Colum 
liia, in command of the Second Infantry. 

Colonel Hannibal Day commanded the first brigade of 
Ayer's division, Fifth Arm}- Corps, and was actively 
engaged at the battle of Gettysburg, rendering gallant 
service in the defence of Round Top, on the extreme left 
of the loyal line, where he had a horse killed under him. 
I le held the same command during the march to Warren- 
ton, Virginia, and until he was retired from active .ser- 
vice, August 1, 1863, owing to want of sufficient physical 
strength to perform service in the field. lie then com- 
manded Fort Hamilton, New York, till Jul}- 8, 1864, and 
afterwards served on various military commissions and 
courts-martial till June 14, 1869, when he was relieved 
from duty, 

He died at Morristown, New Jersey, March 26, 1891, 
at the age of eighty-seven years. 

At the time of his death he was third in academic 
rank of the living graduates of the Military Academy, his 
seniors being Colonel William ('. Young-, of the Class of 
1882, and brevet major-general Georget S. Green, of the 
( las- of 1 82 3. 

General Day married, in 1831, Anna Maria Houghton, 
daughter of Thomas and Mary Leggate (Chase) Hough- 
ton, who died in 1881. He leaves one son, Sylvester 
Henry Day, of Carson City, Nevada, and one daughter, 
Mrs. Hoff, wife of Captain John Van Rensselaer Hoff, 
M.D., assistant surgeon U. S. Ann v. 



WHO SERVED LV THE CIVIL WAR. 



121 



CAPTAIN SELDEN ALLEN DAY, U.S.A. 

Captain Selden Allen Day (Fifth Artillery) was 
born at Chillicothe, Ohio, July 22, 1838. His father, 
1 lemoval T. Day, was a native of Virginia, and his 
mother, Ruth Merriam, of Vermont. His grandfather, 
Samuel Day, and his great-grandfather, Leonard Day, 
were Virginia soldiers in the Revolutionary War, and 
both were at the capture of Yorktown and surrender of 
Cornwallis. In April, 1861, Captain Day obtained au- 
thority and raised a company of volunteers at Bowling 
Green, Ohio, for the war of the Rebellion. Owing, how- 
ever, to the excess of troops enrolled under the first call, 
this company was not mustered, and was disbanded. 
Captain Day then enlisted as a private in Company C, 
Seventh Ohio Infantry, June 20, 1861, participating in 
the campaign in West Virginia, that year. After the 
action of Cross Lanes August 26, where his regiment 
suffered heavy loss, he was made corporal. He was 
present at Loop Creek, Paw-Paw, Romney, etc., in the 
winter of 1861-62. 

At the battle of Winchester, Virginia, March 23, 1862, 
Corporal Day, though injured early in the fight, re- 
mained at the front ; and in a charge of his brigade was 
one of the first over the stone wall forming part of the 
defence of the enemy, and was one of a small party fol- 
lowing Major Casement into a battery and capturing the 
guns. At the close of the fight he had the good fortune, 
with the aid of a comrade, to capture and bring in a stafl 
officer of General Jackson. For his part in this action 
Corporal Day was promoted sergeant and recommended 
for a commission. 

In the battle of Port Republic, June 9, 1862, Ser- 
geant Day bore an active part, and, though again 
wounded, formed one of the rear-guard in the retreat 
after the battle. 

At the battle of Cedar Mountain, where his regiment 
suffered terribly, August 9, 1862, Sergeant Day, though 
at one time "between two fires," escaped unhurt, and at 
the close of the action found himself in command of the 
remnant of three companies. 

The fatigue and hardships of the campaign of 1862, 
however, brought about at last what shot and shell failed 
to accomplish, and at its close we find the subject of our 
sketch liors de combat. For several months he remained 
in hospital at Frederick, Maryland, where, having for- 
merly studied medicine, as soon as able he performed 
efficient service in the care of the sick and wounded. 
During this time he was given the option of a discharge 
for disability or a transfer to the regular army as hos- 
pital steward. He chose the latter, and was ordered to 
Baltimore for duty. When that city was threatened in 
the summer of 1863, Steward Day, under the mayor, 
was instrumental in organizing and drilling companies 
16 




made up of members of the Union League and conva- 
lescents in the hospitals for special service. 

After his health was restored, and on application for 
field service, Steward Day was called to Washington, 
D. C, appointed second lieutenant Fifth Artillery, and in 
the spring of 1864 ordered to the front. He joined Bat- 
tery A in the battle of Cold Harbor, and was brevetted 
first lieutenant for that action. He served continuously 
in the field until the close of the war; entered Richmond 
with Battery F, Fifth Artillery, April 3, 1865, and was 
brevetted captain for " gallant and meritorious services 
during the war." 

Since the war Captain Day has served in various parts 
of the country. He was detailed in charge of cholera 
quarantine at Craney Island, Virginia, and afterwards 
to command Battery F, Fifth Artillery, at Richmond, 
Virginia, in 1866, in which year he was promoted first 
lieutenant. He was made president of Board of Regis- 
tration and Elections, and military commissioner in Vir- 
ginia under the reconstruction acts in 1867-68. For 
several years he acted as ordnance officer, and was in- 
structor in signalling and rifle practice at Fort Adams, 
Rhode Island. He graduated from the Artillery School 
in 1874, and from the Medical College of the State of 
South Carolina 1880. He was recorder of Board on 
Magazine-Guns 1881-82; promoted captain Fifth Artil- 
lery 1886; commanded Fort Wood, Bedloe's Island, 
New York harbor, March to June, 1887. 

He travelled in Europe in 1888; was ordered to the 
Pacific coast in 1890, and assigned to the command of 
Fort Mason, San Francisco, California, where he is now 
serving. 

Captain Day is a man in the prime of life, of medium 
height and weight, fair complexion, with brown hair, 
gray-blue eyes, and is a hard worker, an enthusiastic 
sportsman, and an expert rifle-shot. 



I 22 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN CHARLES C. DE RUDIO, U.S.A. 

Captain Charles C. De Rudio (Seventh Cavalry) was 
born on August 26, 1832, in the city of Bellemo, then 
the State of Venice. In [845 he entered the Austrian 
Military Academy of Milan. At the revolution of [848 
he left the Austrian army and joined the Venetian Legion 
of the Cacciatori delle Alpi in Venice ; served and par- 
ticipated at the siege and sorties till March, 1849, "hen 
he left Venice and entered the Legion of Garibaldi in 
Rome. I le served and participated with that legion in 
the battles of April 30, 1S49, against the French; at 
the battles of Palestrina and Velletri against the Nea- 
politan Bourbon army, and at the siege of Rome till 
its fall. 

lb entered the U. S. Volunteers August 25, 1S64, 
in the Seventy-ninth New York Highlanders, and 
was sent to the front in Virginia. He joined his regi- 
ment at F<>rt Hays, near Petersburg, Virginia; served 
with his company (A) up to < October 16, 1864, when he 
received a lieutenant's commission in the Second U. S. 
Colored Troops. He was discharged from the Seventy- 
ninth New York ti 1 enable him to accept the c< immission, 
and two weeks afterwards was sent to his company (D), 
stationed at Fort Meyer, Florida. He was then ordered 
to Punta Rassa, at the mouth of the Caloosahatchee, to 
guard a large depot containing over two millions of 
rations and ammunition, collected there for an expedi- 
tion to capture Fort St. Mark, Florida, by General John 
Newton. The detachment was composed of sixteen men. 
1 fining their absence a Confederate force attacked Fort 
Meyer. One of the videttes captured by the enemy 
near Fort Meyei escaped, and reported to Lieutenant 
De Rudio the circumstances of his capture and the at 
tack on Fort Meyer. He immediately made prepara- 
tion,, in case he could not defend the depot, to destroy 



it by fire. The next morning the enemy made his ap- 
pearance in the mangrove wood, about three miles off, 
but soon they were observed to be on a precipitate 
retreat, the gun-boat " Thunderer" happily making its 
appearance. 

In a few days General Newton arrived with the Sev- 
enty-ninth, and De Rudio was complimented by the gen- 
eral for his conduct. Although he was anxious to par- 
ticipate in the expedition, he was ordered to remain at 
his post with thirty-sixty men, and ordered to fortify the 
place. 

On the return of the expedition, De Rudio was ordered 
to Fort Meyer. On arriving there, he was informed that 
the post was to be abandoned, and that he had been 
picked out to remain with a detachment of thirty picked 
men, for the purpose of destroying the fort, after the 
troops, refugees, and property had safely arrived at Punta 
Rassa, as the enemy was supposed to be in the vicinity 
of the fort. The garrison left by land, and the refugees 
and property were transported by water. Finding that 
the fort could not effectually be destroyed, after demol- 
ishing all the barracks and buildings the block-houses 
were burned. After executing his orders, De Rudio, 
during the night, marched to Punta Rassa. 

On January 5, 1866, he was mustered out at Key 
West, Florida. 

Lieutenant De Rudio was recommended for the brevet 
of captain by General Newton, but he never received it. 

On August 31, 1867, he was appointed second lieuten- 
ant Second U. S. Infantry by General U. S. Grant, while 
Secretary of War ad interim. He reported at Louisville, 
Kentucky, to his regiment. In March, 1.X6X, he was 
selected by the major-general commanding the depart- 
ment to take charge of a detachment of fifty picked 
mounted infantry at Lebanon, Kentucky, for the purpose 
of assisting the U. S. Marshal to enforce the Civil- 
Rights Bill and the public-revenue law. 

In April, 1869, he was relieved of that arduous duty, 
and ordered to his company at Louisville, then under 
orders to go to Atlanta, Georgia, for consolidation with the 
Sixteenth Infantry. On August 17 he was placed on wait- 
ing orders by reason of being a junior officer; but the 
same day received a telegram from the Adjutant-General 
of Department of Cumberland to report without delay 
to those head-quarters, and was ordered to Lebanon, 
Kentucky, to resume charge of the mounted detachment. 

Lieutenant De Rudio was recommended by Major- 
General G. H. Thomas for transfer to the cavalry, and 
July 14, 1869 was transferred to the Seventh Cavalry; 
and the following month was relieved from Lebanon and 
ordered to join his new regiment in camp near Fort 
Hays, Kansas. He was assigned to H Troop, and par- 
ticipated in all the marches and campaigns with the regi- 
ment up to 1889. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



123 



CAPTAIN GEORGE DEWEY, U.S.N. 

Captain George Dewey is a native of Vermont, and 
was appointed a midshipman from that State in Septem- 
ber, 1854. He graduated from the Naval Academy in 
1858, well up in his class, and served in the frigate " Wa- 
bash," in the Mediterranean, for the next two years. When 
the Civil War occurred he was ordered to the steam- 
frigate " Mississippi," and served at New Orleans, Port 
Hudson, and Donaldsonville, Louisiana, in that vessel, 
having been commissioned lieutenant in April, 1861. The 
episode of the destruction of the " Mississippi" (although 
a misfortune to the cause, in the unavoidable destruction 
of a fine vessel which was not only very serviceable, but 
dear to many officers and men who had sailed in her) 
brought forth Lieutenant Dewey's fine qualities as an of- 
ficer in a more marked degree than any previous action. 
The destruction of the " Mississippi," which had served 
on stations all over the world, and bore Perry's broad- 
pennant at the opening of Japan to the world, appropri- 
ately occurred in the river from which she was named, 
and in consequence of a well-sustained action. The whole 
affair was creditable in the highest degree, and especially 
to Captain M. Smith and his first lieutenant, who had 
made the ship so efficient, and who were the last to leave 
her. Admiral Porter remarked, " It is in such trying 
moments that men show of what metal they are made, 
and in this instance the metal was of the very best." 

After the destruction of the " Mississippi," Lieutenant 
Dewey was ordered to the steam-gun-boat " Agawam," 
of the Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and was engaged 
heavily with rebel batteries in August, 1864, for which 
Commander Rhind, his officers and men, received the 
highest praise in the report of the admiral commanding 
to the Navy Department. 

Lieutenant Dewey served at both attacks upon Fort 
Fisher. He was commissioned lieutenant-commander 
March 3, 1865, eleven years after his entry as an act- 
ing midshipman. He served in the " Kearsarge," on the 
European Station, in 1866. He was transferred to the 




"Colorado," frigate, flag-ship, in 1867, and, for some 
months, served on board the " Canandaigua," of the same 
squadron, showing executive ability of a high order at a 
time when it was needed. 

During 1868-69 ne was stationed at the Naval Acad- 
emy, and then commanded the " Narragansett," on special 
service, in 1870-71. On duty at the Torpedo Station in 
1872 — just as he was made commander. For the next 
three years he was upon the Pacific Survey, in the " Nar- 
ragansett," and followed this service by a term as light- 
house inspector. He was the secretary of the Light- 
House Board from 1877 to 1882. Then he made a 
cruise in command of the " Juniata," on the Asiatic Sta- 
tion, and was promoted captain in 1884. In that year he 
commanded the " Dolphin," and then was in command 
of the " Pensacola," the flag-ship of the European Sta- 
tion, from 1885 to 188S. 

Captain Dewey is now the chief of the Bureau of 
Equipment and Recruiting, with the rank of commodore, 
having been commissioned, and approved by the Senate, 
in 1889. 



124 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (.regular) 




CAPTAIN JOHN W. DILLENBACK, U.S.A. 

( \ i tain John \V. Dillenback (First Artillery) was 
born in New York; appointed from New York ; enlisted 
in Company G, Tenth New York ] [eavy Artillery, August 
7, 1S62; served in the defences of Washington, D. C, 
until August, 1863; commissioned by the President 
captain in the Fourth U. S. Colored Infantry August, 
1865; commanded battalion on recruiting and picket 
duty at Williamsburg, Virginia, to April, 1864; on 
duty at Point Lookout, Maryland, till May, 1864- 
n ;agi d in the operations of the Army of the James for 
the capture of Petersburg, Virginia, till June 15, 1864; 
severely wounded while charging a battery in the de- 



fences of Petersburg, Virginia, June 15, 1864; engaged 
in repelling attack on Fort Harrison, Virginia, Septem- 
ber 30, 1864; with hist expedition under General Butler 
for the capture of Fort Fisher, North Carolina, Decem- 
ber, 1864; engaged in the operations that resulted in the 
capture of Fort Fisher, North Carolina, January 15, 1864; 
wounded in charge on works on Sugar-Loaf, North 
Carolina, in the advance on Wilmington, North Carolina, 
February 1 r, 1865 ; with General Sherman's army at the 
capture of Raleigh and surrender of General Johnston's 
army; served in North Carolina till the autumn of 1865 ; 
commanded successively Forts Mahan and Stanton, near 
Washington, D. C, until April, 1S66; was brevetted 
major and lieutenant-colonel of volunteers for gallant 
and meritorious services during the war, and honorably 
mustered out of volunteer service April 11, 1866; was 
appointed second lieutenant, First U. S. Artillery, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1866; first lieutenant May 1, 1866; was with 
light batteries of regiment in New Orleans, and Browns- 
ville, Texas, to May, 1867; at Artillery School, Fort 
Monroe, Virginia, and graduated May, 1869; disbursing 
officer, Freedmen's Branch, Adjutant-General's Depart- 
ment, in Savannah, Georgia, and Charleston, South 
Carolina, from 1872 until October, 1874; appointed 
regimental quartermaster March I, 1875, and served as 
such to June 30, 1882, when he was promoted to captain, 
First U. S. Artillery; stationed at Fort Adams, Rhode 
Inland, from 1S75 to December, 1881 ; on duty in the 
harbor of San Francisco, California, from 1881 to May 
1890, when ordered to Fort Hamilton, New York harbor ; 
assigned to command of Light Battery K, First Artillery, 
January 25, 1889, and still retains command of it at Fort 
I [amilton, New York harbor. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



125 



CAPTAIN EUGENE D. DIMM1CK, U.S.A. 

Captain Eugene D. Dimmick (Ninth Cavalry) was 
born in Athens, New York, July 31, 1S40. He entered 
the volunteer service at the commencement of the war oi 
the Rebellion as a private in Company G, Second New 
Jersey State Militia, April 26, 1 86 1, and was discharged 
July 31, 1 86 1. He re-entered the volunteer service as 
first sergeant of Company M, Fifth New York Cavalry, 
October 7, 1861, and was appointed second lieutenant of 
that regiment Ma) - 9, 1862, and promoted first lieutenant 
October 10, 1862. He participated in the campaigns of 
the Army of the Potomac, and was engaged in the actions 
of Harrisonburgh and Culpeper, battles of Cedar Moun- 
tain (commanding company), second Bull Run (escort to 
General Banks), South Mountain, Antietam, Brandy 
Station, and Chantilly; actions of Warrenton Junction, 
Thoroughfare Gap, Beverly Ford, and Hanover Junction ; 
battle of Gettysburg, and actions of Boonsborough and 
Hagerstown, where he was severely wounded, taken 
prisoner, and released. 

He was promoted captain July 5, 1863, and in Novem- 
ber he was discharged for disability arising from wounds. 
He again entered the service, as second lieutenant of the 
Eighteenth Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps, February, 
[864, and served at Albany, New York, and on the 
Canada border during the Fenian raids, and was mustered 
out June 30, 1866. 

Captain Dimmick entered the regular service as second 
lieutenant of the Ninth Cavalry August 9, 1867, and 
joined his regiment in Texas, where he served from 1867 
to 1875, and was then ordered to change station with his 
regiment to the Department of the Missouri, he taking 
station first at Fort Wallace, Kansas. lie was at Fort 




Lyon, Colorado, in 1876, and then was changed to Fort 
Union, New Mexico, where he served in 1877-78. He 
participated in the campaign against Victorio in 1879-80, 
through New Mexico, Arizona, and Old Mexico. He 
was after that detailed on recruiting service in 1882-84, 
subsequently returning to Fort Riley, where he was 
during the years 1884-85. 

Lieutenant Dimmick was promoted first lieutenant 
Ninth Cavalry January 10, 1870, and captain October 25, 
1883. He participated in the Boomer campaign, Indian 
Territory, and was then transferred to Fort McKinney, 
Wyoming, in 1885. He commanded a battalion (D and 
H Troop, Ninth Cavalry) at the affair at Crow Agency, 
Montana, November 5, 1887, when " Sword-Bearer" was 
killed. 



126 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular 




COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL ABNER 
DOUBLEDAY, U.S.A. (retired). 

Colonel and Brevet Major-General Abner 
Doi bledai was born at Ballston Spa, New York, and 

iduated from the Military Academy in the Class of 
1842. IK- was then promoted brevet second lieutenant 
of the Third Artillery, serving three years in this grade, 
when he was promoted second lieutenant of the First 
Artillery February 20, [845, and first lieutenant March 

3. |S 47- 

lie served during the war with Mexico, being engaged 
in the battle of Monterey, September, 1846, and in the 
operations connected with the battle of Buena Vista, 
February 22—23, 1847. 

At the close of the Mexican War the United States 
government purchased < California for three million dollars, 
rving from this sum sufficient money to compensate 
our merchants residing in Mexico whose property had 
been illegally confiscated by the authorities there. A 
Cuban, named George A. Gardner, of English descent, 
claimed to be an American citizen. He a erted that the 
President of Mexico had directed that the entrance to a 
mine belonging to him, worth eight hundred thousand 
dollars, should be blown up. He was awarded (in 1852) 
five hundred thousand dollars. After the money was 
paid, President Fillmore bi 1 ame i onvinced that Gardner 
never owned a mine in Mexico, but there was such a 

strong 1 m for him, and he was so strongly supported 

politically, that it became ne< essary to take extraordinary 
measures. A special commission was sent to Me 
with a distinguished lawyer at the head. It included our 
secretary oflegation, an expert in Spanish jurisprudence, 
one officer of the army, and one of the navy. Lieul 
ant Doubleday represented the army. In consequi 
of their report, Gardner was ultimately o I, he 

having supported his claim by perjury and forged docu- 



ments, and committed suicide in court by swallowing a 
roll of strychnine. 

Lieutenant Doubleday was promoted to a captaincy 
March 3, 1855, and was engaged in hostilities with the 
Florida Indians in 1856-58. He was second in command 
at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, at the time of its first 
bombardment, April 12-14, 1 86 1, on which occasion he 
aimed the first gun of the war on the side of the Union ; 
he was appointed major of the Seventeenth Infantry 
May 14. 1 861, and participated in the Shenandoah cam- 
paign, under General Patterson, in 1861; he was ap- 
pointed brigadier-general of volunteers February 3, 
[862, and participated in the campaign of the Arm}- of 
the Potomac, being engaged in the battles of Groveton, 
second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericks- 
burg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg; having been pro- 
moted major-general of volunteers November 29, 1S62. 

While in camp near Fredericksburg, Virginia, he was 
sent with two regiments to make a demonstration against 
Port Conway, on the lower Rappahannock, with a view 
to attack the enemy in that direction, and thus facilitate 
the crossing of General Hooker's army above, April 
20-2 t, 1863 ; on July I he went forward to Gettysburg, 
by order of General Reynolds, to reinforce Buford's cav- 
alry, who were holding the ridge west of the Seminary, 
and General Reynolds being killed, General Doubleday 
took his place, acting for some hours in command of the 
field, when General Howard made his presence known. On 
this occasion the First Corps captured Archer's brigade, 
the greater part 1 if 1 )a\ is's brigade, and almost annihilated 
Iverson's brigade. The second day General Doubleday's 
division, with a brigade under General Stannard, was 
sent to assist in regaining the position which the enemy 
had taken; he followed them up and retook six guns 
which they had captured. When Pickett's grand charge 
advanced on the third davit exposed the right flank, and 
General Doubleday s front line, under General Stannard, 
wheeled, threw themselves upon the vulnerable point, 
and disordered the enemy's advance to such an extent 
that they were easily repulsed. 

General Doubleday was promoted lieutenant-colonel 
Seventeenth U. S. Infantry September 20, 1863; honor- 
ably mustered out of volunteer service August 24, 1865 ; 
mel Thirty-fifth U. S. Infantry September 15, 1867; 
assigned to the Twenty-fourth I'. S. Infantry December 
15, 1870. He was made brevet lieutenant-colonel Sep- 
tember 17, 1862, for gallant and meritorious services in 
the battle of Antietam, Maryland; brevet colonel July 
2, 1863, for gallant and meritorious services in the 
of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; brevet brigadier- 
and major-general March 13, 1865, for gallant and meri- 
torious services during the war. 

He was retired from active service, at his own request, 
December 11, 1 873. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



127 



COLONEL HENRY DOUGLASS, U.S.A. (retired). 

Colonel Henry Douglass was born in New York- 
March 9, 1827, and graduated from the Military Acad- 
emy in the Class of 1852, when lie was promoted brevet 
second lieutenant of the Seventh Infantry. He was pro- 
moted second lieutenant of the Eighth Infantry December 
31, 1S53. Upon the organization of the Ninth Infantry, 
in 1855, he was transferred to that regiment March 3, and 
gained his first lieutenancy September 10, 1856. He 
served in garrison at Newport Barracks, Kentucky, Fort 
Monroe, Virginia, and on frontier duty. 

He was detailed as assistant professor of drawing at 
the Military Academy January 16, 1858, and served there 
until July 2, 1861, having been promoted captain of the 
Eighteenth Infantry May 14, 1861. He entered the field 
during the war of the Rebellion, and participated in the 
battle of first Bull Run, July 21, i86[, and then served 
in the defences of Washington to October of that year. 
He joined his regiment in the Army of the West, partici- 
pating in the Tennessee and Mississippi campaigns and 
the actions connected therewith from February until June, 
1 S62. He then served with the army under General Buell, 
through Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, and Kentucky, 
from June to September, 1862, being engaged in the skir- 
mish near Chaplin Hills, and in the battle of Perryville, 
October 8, 1S62. He also participated in the actions 
under General Rosecrans, in his Tennessee campaign, from 
November, 1S62, to April, 1863, ami was engaged in the 
battle of Stone River, where he was wounded. 

Captain Douglass was then detailed on the recruiting 
service from April to September, 1863, and on mustering 
and disbursing duty at Cleveland, Ohio, from December, 
1863, to January, 1864, and was in charge of chief mus- 
tering and disbursing office of the State of Ohio from 
September, 1864, to June, 1866. He had the brevet of 
major conferred upon him December 31,1 862, for " gallant 




and meritorious services in the battle of Murfreesborough, 
Tennessee." 

He was promoted major of the Third Infantry July 28, 
1866, upon the reorganization of the army, and served on 
frontier stations. Upon the consolidation of regiments, 
in 1869, he was unassigned, March 15, but placed on duty 
as superintendent of Indian affairs for the State of Nevada, 
which position he occupied until January 1, 1871, when 
he was assigned to the Eleventh Infantry. He was pro- 
moted lieutenant-colonel of the Fourteenth Infantry Jan- 
uary 10, iS76,and served with his regiment at Fort Cam- 
eron, Utah, cantonment on the L T ncompahgre, Colorado, 
and Fort Townsend, Washington, until promoted colonel 
of the Tenth Infantry July 1, 1885, when he joined his 
regiment in New Mexico, and served at Fort L T nion, Fort 
Bliss, Texas, and Santa Fe until retired, by operation of 
law, March 9, 188 I. 

Colonel Douglass is at the present time making his 
home at Barnegat Park, New Jersey. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN PERCIVAL DRAYTON, U.S.N. 
(HI ceased). 

Captain Percival Drayton, an officer of recognized 
ability and conduct in every position in which he was 
placed, was horn in South Carolina, coming of a well- 
known and influential family. His father was the Hon- 
orable William Drayton, M.C. 

Percival Drayton was appointed midshipman, from 
South Carolina, in December, 1X27, and became a lieu- 
tenant in the navy on February 28, 1838. 

After the usual varied service of the younger officers 
of his grade, including a period at tile Naval Observa- 
tory at Washington, he was promoted to commander in 
1S55. When the Paraguay expedition was organized, in 



1S5S, he became the aid, or fleet-captain, of Commodore 
Shubrick, returning with him to the United States when 
a satisfactory settlement was had. From i860 to the 
outbreak of the Civil War, he was upon ordnance duty 
in Philadelphia, where many of his family resided. He 
was, however, strongly bound by family ties to the 
seceding States. He never wavered, however, but de- 
clared his allegiance to the flag under which he had 
served for a third of a century. 

In the naval expedition which resulted in the capture 
of Port Royal he commanded the steamer " Pocahontas,'' 
of Dupont's squadron, while his brother, General T. F. 
Drayton, commanded the Confederate troops at Hilton 
Head Island, and fought the principal batteries opposed 
to the squadron. Such instances were not rare during 
that war. 

After the capture of Port Royal he was transferred to 
the " Pawnee," and on July 16, 1862, upon his promotion 
to captain, was ordered to command the new Ericsson 
monitor " Passaic." 

In this vessel he took part in the bombardment of 
Fort McAllister, and in Dupont's attack upon Fort 
Sumter. 

He was next ordered as fleet-captain of the West Gulf 
Squadron under I^arragut, and served in the flag-ship 
" Hartford" at the battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864. 
He particularly distinguished himself as Farragut's chief 
of staff, as the detailed accounts of this remarkable action 
show. 

He was appointed chief of the Bureau of Navigation 
on April 28, 1865, but died on August 4, 1865, at Wash- 
ington. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



129 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL RICHARD CAULTER DRUM, 
U.S.A. (retired). 

Brigadier-General Richard Caulter Drum was 
born at Greensborougli, Westmoreland County, Pennsyl- 
vania, May 28, 1825. His military history commenced 
with his enrollment as a private in Company K, First 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, December 8, 1846, with which 
he served during the siege of Vera Cruz. He was ap- 
pointed second lieutenant Ninth Infantry February 18, 
1847, and served with that regiment during active oper- 
ations in Mexico, participating in the battles of Contreras, 
Churubusco, Molino del Rey, Chapultepec, Garita Belen, 
and capture of City of Mexico. 

He was transferred to Fourth Artillery March 8, 184S, 
and returned with that regiment at the close of the war, 
serving immediately after in .Alabama, Florida, and Loui- 
siana, when he was sent to the light batter)' at Fort 
Leavenworth September 30, 1850, and thence to Fort 
Columbus May 23, 185 1. He conducted, by the over- 
land route, recruits from New York to Jefferson Barracks, 
and thence to E"ort Kearney, returning July 30, 1851, 
and joined his company at Governor's Island. 

At the threatened secession of South Carolina in 1851 
he went with his company to Fort Johnston, North 
Carolina, where he remained until June 6, 1852, when he 
was ordered to Fort Brady, Michigan, and was stationed 
there until October, 1853, at which time he was assigned 
to the light batten - at Fort Leavenworth. 

In May, 1855, he acted as quartermaster and commis- 
sary to the battalion of the Sixth Infantry in its march 
from Leavenworth to Kearney, in July ; returned to 
Leavenworth and joined company temporarily armed 
as mounted riflemen, and served with it against hostile 
Sioux Indians, participating in the action of Blue Water 
September 3, 1855. On the 24th of October, 1855, he 
was appointed aide-de-camp to General W. S. Harney, 
commander of the expedition, to June 30, 1856. He 
commanded a detail of light artillery during the Kansas 
troubles in 1856, and was acting depot quartermaster at 
Fort Leavenworth. He was appointed aide-de-camp to 
General Persifor F. Smith, commanding Department of 
the West, and acting assistant adjutant-general at head- 
quarters of that department until the death of General 




Smith, in May, 1S5S, when he joined his company at the 
Artillery School, Fort Monroe, Virginia, June, 1858. 
From September, 1S58, to January, i860, was adjutant 
of the school and ordnance officer until March, 1861, 
when he was appointed assistant adjutant-general, and 
assigned, at the request of General Sumner, to duty at 
the Head-quarters Department of the Pacific, where he 
continued to serve until October, 1866. He reported 
to General Meade November 1, 1866, and continued 
at Head-quarters Department of the East till January, 
1 868, when he accompanied General Meade to Head- 
quarters Third Military District, Atlanta, Georgia. On 
the 20th of March, 1869, he was assigned to the Division 
of the Atlantic, Philadelphia, where he continued to serve 
until the death of Major-General Meade, November, 1872, 
when he reported to Major-General Hancock at New 
York. 

In November, 1873, General Drum was assigned to 
duty with Lieutenant-General Sheridan, and remained at 
Head-quarters Division of the Missouri until May, 1878, 
when he was assigned to duty in adjutant-general's 
office, Washington, D. C. 

He was appointed adjutant-general of the army June 
15, 1880, and was retired under the law May 28, 1889. 

General Drum's present residence is at Washing- 
ton, D. C. 



W 



130 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




LIEUTENANT -COLONEL WILLIAM F. DRUM, U.S.A. 

Lieutenant-Colonel William F. Drum (Twelfth 
Infant]')') was born on Governor's Island, New York, 
November i6, 1833. He is the son of Captain Simon 
A. Drum, Fourth Artillery, who fell while commanding 
his battery at the Helen Gate, City of Mexico, Septem- 
ber 13, 1S47. He was at Owatonna, Minnesota, in the 
spring of 1861, and, at their request, drilled young men 
for the volunteer service; he then proceeded to Wash- 
ington, D. C, in May, 1861, and made application for 
commission in regular army; he was commissioned by 
Governor of Ohio to raise a company of three years' 
volunteers; while so engaged at Springfield, Ohio, 
received appointment in regular army, and resigned 
State appointment. 

I [e was commissioned second lieutenant of the Second 
United States Infantry August 5, [ 86 1, having partici- 
pated as a private of Company F, Second Ohio Volun- 
teers, in the battle of first Bull Run, July 21, iNf.i, and 
discharged July 3 1 , [861. lie joined the Second United 
States Infantry in Washington, and there was employed 
with his regiment on provost duty until his regiment 
took the field with the Army of the Potomac in [862, 
and was engaged at the siege of Yorktown, battles of 
Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill, second Bull Run, Antietam, 
action of Shepherdstown Lord, and battles of Fred- 
ericksburg and Chancellorsville; and with reserve at 
the battles of Hanover Court-House, Mechanicsville, and 
White Oak Swamp; engaged at the operations at Mine 
Run, and with reserve at the battles of Rappahannock 
Station and Bristoe Station. He was promoted first 
lieutenant l >. tober 9, 1861, and captain May 1, 1863. 

Colonel Drum was detailed as acting inspector of the 
Provost-Marshal's Department of the State of Wiscon- 
sin in May, 1863, and remained on that duty until July 



of the same year, when he rejoined his company in the 
Army of the Potomac, but was shortly transferred with 
his regiment to New York City, where he participated in 
quelling the draft riots. He was then detailed on duty 
in New York harbor, and appointed inspector of the 
Prison Camp at Elmira, New York, until February, 
[864, when he joined his regiment in the Army of the 
Potomac, and was present at the battles of the Wilder- 
ness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Tolopotomy, Bethesda 
Church, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, Poplar Grove 
Church, and First Hatcher's Run; he was appointed 
lieutenant-colonel of the Fifth New York Volunteers 
April 1, [865, and was engaged at the battle of Five 
Forks, Virginia, and the subsequent capitulation of Lee's 
army at Appomattox Court-House April 9, 1865. He 
was made a brevet major U.S.A. for gallant services 
during the campaign of 1 864 before Richmond, Virginia; 
brevet lieutenant-colonel U.S.A. for gallant and merito- 
rious services at the battle of Five Points, Virginia. 

At the close of the war Colonel Drum was on duty 
guarding mustered-out troops at Hart's Island, from 
June to August, [865, when he was mustered out of the 
volunteer service and joined his company at Fort Ham- 
ilton, New York harbor. He was in November, 1865, 
transferred with his company to Louisville, Kentucky, 
where he was detailed as acting assistant adjutant-gen- 
eral, which position he occupied to March, 1869, and 
from that time to September, 1876, was on duty with his 
company in the States of Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, 
and South Carolina. 

He was then ordered on recruiting service duty at 
Boston, Massachusetts, from which he was relieved at 
his own request in July, 1877, and joined his regiment, 
then serving in the Department of the Columbia, where 
he participated in the campaigns incident to the Nez 
Perces and Bannock wars of 1877-7S. He then returned 
to recruiting service in Boston, where he remained to 
October, 1SS0. On returning to his regiment he was at 
Fort Colville, Washington, and was transferred to the 
Department of the Platte, serving with the Fourteenth 
Infantry to August, 1883, having been promoted major 
of that regiment in June, 1882. He was at Fort Sidney, 
Nebraska, until June, [884, when his regiment moved to 
the Pacific coast, where he was detailed as acting assist- 
ant inspector-general for the Department of the Colum- 
bia, but was transferred in that position to the Depart- 
ment of Arizona in June, 1NS5, and in August, 1888, 
again changed in the same position to the Department 
of Dakota, at St. Paul, Minnesota. 

He was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the Twelfth 
Infantry in December, 1886, but was continued on duty 
as acting assistant inspector-general at St. Paul until the 
fall of 1 890, when he was relieved and joined his regi- 
ment at Fort Yates, North Dakota, his present station. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



•3i 



REAR-ADMIRAL SAMUEL ERANCIS DUPONT, U.S.N. 
(deceased). 

Rear-Admiral Samuel Francis Dupont was born 
at Bergen Point, New Jersey September 27, 1803 ; died 
in Philadelphia, June 23, 1865 ; grandson of P. S. Dupont 
Nemours. Midshipman in the navy at twelve ; lieutenant 
April 26, 1826; commander October 28, 1842. In 1845 
he was ordered to the Pacific in command of the frigate 
" Congress," and during the Mexican War saw much active 
service on the California coast. In the " Cyane" he cap- 
tured San Diego ; cleared the Gulf of California of Mexi- 
can vessels ; took La Paz, the capital of Lower California ; 
assisted in the capture of Mazatlan in November, 1847, 
and defended Lower California against the Indians and 
Mexicans. In February, 1848, he landed at San Jose 
with a hundred marines and sailors, and defeated and 
dispersed a Mexican force five times as great. Captain 
September 14, 1855. Having recommended the occu- 
pation of Port Royal as a central harbor or depot on the 
Southern coast, he was given the command of the South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and intrusted with the 
attack on that place. Sailing from Fortress Monroe, 
October 29, 1861, in the " Wabash," with a fleet of fifty- 
sail of war-vessels and transports, conve)ing General 
Sherman's troops, lie arrived off Port Royal November 
4 and 5, after a violent storm, and on the 7th attacked 
and captured two strong forts on Hilton Head and Bay 
Point, which defended the harbor. lie followed up this 
advantage vigorously, ami his operations along the 
Southern coast were invariably successful. He also suc- 
ceeded in making the blockade more effective than before. 
July 16, 1862, he was made a rear-admiral on the active 
list. In April, 1863, he commanded the fleet which un- 
successfully attacked Charleston. He was soon after 




relieved of the command of the South Atlantic Block- 
ading Squadron, and subsequently held no active com- 
mand. Admiral Dupont aided in organizing the Naval 
School at Annapolis, and is the author of a report on the 
use of floating-batteries for coast-defence, which has been 
republished and highly commended in England by Sir 
Howard Douglas in his work on naval gunnery. 

The history of Dupont de Nemours is a notable and 
interesting one. For three generations the name has 
been associated with the great powder-mills near Wil- 
mington, Delaware, which are carried on upon a grand 
scale, with enlightened appreciation of the changes in 
explosives required by modern guns. The firm, yet 
benevolent, manner in which the employes of this exceed- 
ingly hazardous business are managed is worthy of all 
praise. 



1.32 



OFFICERS OF TFIF ARMY AXD XAVY {regular) 




COMMANDER GEORGE R. DURANl). U.S.N. 

Commander George R. Durand was born in Con- 
necticut. Appointed from Rhode Island, and rated 
master's mate, October 26, 1861 ; steamer "Mystic," 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, part of 1861-62. 
Appointed acting master April 14, 1862; executive, 
b amer " Mohawk," South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, part of 1862-63, and commanding same vessel latter 
half of 1863; executive, sloop "John Adams" and steamer 
" Paul Jones," part of 1864, same squadron ; in July, 1864, 
while on an expedition up the Ogeechee River, Georgia, 
with two men and a guide, to endeavor to burn the 



steamer " Water-Witch," latch' captured from us by the 
enemy, was captured by a company of Confederates, 
thirty-four men ; was confined in Savannah and Macon, 
Georgia, Charleston, South Carolina, and I.ibby Prison, 
Richmond, Virginia ; navigator, then executive, steamer 
" Muscoota," Gulf Squadron, 1865-66. Promoted to 
acting volunteer lieutenant June 27, 1866; executive, 
steamer "Penobscot," New York, latter part of 1866; 
navigator, then executive, steamer " Osceola," West 
Indies, 1867; executive, steamer " Maumee," 1867-68. 
Commissioned as master in regular navy from March 12, 
[868; receiving-ship " New Hampshire," Norfolk, 1868; 
navigator, steamer " Ashuelot," Asiatic Squadron, 1869. 
Commissioned as lieutenant, from December 18, (868; 
receiving-ships " Vermont," at New York, and " Van- 
dal ia," at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1870; command- 
ing steamer "Speedwell," at Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire, 1871 ; executive, steamer " Nipsic," Gulf and West 
Indies, [871—72; receiving-ships "Vermont," at New 
York, and " Ohio," at Boston, [873; again commanding 
steamer "Speedwell," at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
part of [873—74; receiving-ship " Ohio," 1874; com- 
manding iron-clad steamer " Mahopac," North Atlantic 
Station, [874—76; iron-clad steamer " Canonieus," New 
< Means, part of 1 S74 ; receiving-ship" Wabash," Boston, 
1S77. Commissioned as lieutenant-commander, from 
November 25, 1877; commanding iron-clad steamer 
"Lehigh," North Atlantic Station, [877—82; executive, 
"Alliance," North Atlantic Station, [883—86; iron-clads, 
James River, [886-89. Promoted to commander March, 
1889; Light-House Inspector 1889-90. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



COMMANDER N. MAYO DYER, U.S.N. 

Commander N. Mayo Dyer entered the volunteer navy 
in 1861 as a master's mate and served in that grade in 
the Western Gulf Squadron until he was, for gallant and 
meritorious conduct, promoted to acting ensign May 18, 
1863, and appointed to command the " Eugenie," after- 
wards called the " Glasgow," blockading off Mobile and 
despatch duty. January 12, 1864, promoted to acting 
master in consideration of gallant and faithful service; 
July, 1864, granted two months' leave; but relinquished 
it uiiiin arriving at New Orleans en route north, upon 
learning of the near prospect of an attack upon the 
Mobile forts. Returning off Mobile, and soliciting orders, 
he was assigned to the " Metacomet" July 19, 1864, in 
which vessel, as the consort of the " Hartford," took part 
in the passage of the forts and the capture of the rebel 
fleet, receiving the surrender of the " Selma" in person. 
Upon the surrender of Fort Morgan he accepted his 
leave, before relinquished, and upon his return therefrom, 
October 28, 1864, was ordered to the " Hartford," flag- 
ship of Admiral Farragut. Upon that vessel's return 
north, December, 1864, Master Dyer was appointed to 
the command of the U. S. S. " Rodolph," with which 
command he co-operated with the forces under General 
Granger during the winter of 1864-65, in their operation 
against Mobile from Pascagoula, rendering important 
service in this connection in Mississippi Sound and Pas- 
cagoula River. In the advance upon the defences of 
Mobile in the spring of [865 via Blakely, his vessel, the 
" Rodolph," was sunk by a torpedo in Blakely River 
April 1, 1865. 

April 22, 1865, Master Dyer was promoted to an 
acting volunteer lieutenant, and upon the surrender of 
the rebel fleet under Commodore Farrand, in the Tom- 
bigbee River, May 10, 1865, Lieutenant Dyer was selected 
to command successively two of the surrendered vessels, 
the " Black Diamond" and " Morgan ;" appointed to 
i ommand the " Elk" in June, 1865, and in July ordered 
to command the " Stockdale," and proceed t<> Mississippi 
Sound for the protection of the people along that shore, 
and to " cultivate friendly relations with the people lately 
in rebellion;" September, 1 865, " Stockdale" was ordered 
to New Orleans to be sold, and Lieutenant Dyer was 
transferred to the " Mahaska" at Apalachicola, Florida ; 
in October detached from the " Mahaska" and ordered 
to command the " Glasgow" at Pensacola; April, 1866, 
detached and ordered north to report to the Bureau of 
Navigation; on special duty in that bureau until May, 
1868. 

Commissioned a lieutenant in the regular navy March 
12, 1 868; July, 1868, ordered to the " Dacotah," South 
Pacific Squadron, joining at Valparaiso August 27. 
December 18, 1868, commissioned as lieutenant-com- 




mander; the "Dacotah" being ordered to San Fran- 
cisco, upon her arrival there Lieutenant-Commander 
Dyer was ordered, September, 1869, to command the 
"Cyane," and proceed to Sitka, Alaska, where he re- 
mained until March, 1870, from whence he was ordered 
to San Francisco to join the " Pensacola ;" ordered to 
" Ossipee" July, 1870, on a short cruise to Lower Cali- 
fornia and the Mexican coast. While the " Ossipee" was 
proceeding north from the Mexican coast, she encoun- 
tered a hurricane, which left the sea in a troubled state, 
and in the morning, whilst making a sail, a man fell oxer- 
board from the maintopsail-yard, the halyards carrying 
him away while hoisting topsails. Striking in the 
main-chains he was knocked senseless, and was drifting 
astern. 

Commander Dyer was taking an observation on the 
poop-deck, and, immediately turning a bowline in the end 
of a boat-fall, jumped into the sea and saved the man from 
sharks or drowning. For this he was publicly thanked by 
Commodore W. R. Taylor, commander-in-chief, and re- 
ceived a medal, etc. In September to the South Pacific 
Station; detached and ordered home August 22, 1S71 ; 
November 7, 1 871 , ordered to Boston Navy- Yard; Sep- 
tember 1, 1873, to Torpedo School at Newport; No- 
vember 24 to command torpedo-boat " Mayflower" at 
Norfolk, for duty on the North Atlantic Station ; April 
IO, 1874, transferred to command of the " Pinta ;" Feb- 
ruary, 1876, detached from the " Pinta" and ordered to 
the " New Hampshire" as executive-officer for perma- 
nent flag-ship at Port Royal. He was detached from the 
"New Hampshire" in December, 1876, and was next 
upon equipment duty at the Boston Navy- Yard. " Wa- 
bash," receiving-ship, 1880-81. " Tennessee," North At- 
lantic Station, 1881-83. Promoted commander April, 
1883; light-house inspector 1883-87; commanded the 
" Marion," Asiatic Station, 1887-90. 



'34 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY [regular) 




C MM M\ AND BREVET MAJOR CHANDLER P. EAKIN, 
U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain and Brevet Major Chandler P. Eakin 
was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, December 26, 
1836. He entered the volunteer service at the com- 
mencement of the war of the Rebellion as private of an 
independent company of Pennsylvania heavy artillery 
April 24, 1861, and was discharged June 25, 1861. He 
entered the regular service as second lieutenant of the 
First Artillery August 5, [861, and was- promoted first 
lieutenant October 26, 1861. He served with his com- 
pany in Maryland to ( Ictober, 1861. He participated in 
the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac in 1862-63, 
and was engaged at the siege of Yorktown and battles of 
Williamsburg (where he was severely wounded) and 
Gettysburg, where he was again severely wounded. 

lie joined his battery in January, [864, and w; 
recruiting duty from April, [864, to January, 1865, when 
he joined and commanded his battery in front of Peters- 
bur-, Virginia, and participated in General Sheridan's 
march to North Carolina. He was brevetted captain for 



" gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Wil- 
liamsburg," and major for " gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices in the battle of Gettysburg." 

On July 28, 1 866, he was appointed captain of the 
Forty-second Infantry, which he declined, and eight 
years afterwards (October 1, 1S74) became captain in the 
hirst Artillery. 

Captain Eakin was at Fort Schuyler, New York, from 
< >< lober, 1S65, to April, 1866, and then was detailed on 
recruiting duty at Philadelphia, and on court-martial duty 
in New York City, to January, 1868. He was at Fortress 
Monroe to November, 1S6S, and at McPherson Barracks, 
Georgia, to December of the same year, at which time 
he was ordered to the Artillery School of Fortress 
Monroe. Leaving here in May, 1869, his lot carried 
him to the posts of New York harbor until November, 
1 87 j, when a change of stations occurred, and he was 
stationed first at Key West, and subsequently at Bar- 
rancas, Florida, at which latter place he was in 1874, 
during the yellow-fever epidemic. Here his old wounds 
reopened, and he was taken to New ( Irleans, and thence 
to his home in Philadelphia, where he remained on sick- 
leave until December, 1S75, when he rejoined his battery 
at Fort Adams. In July, 1876, he was sent to Fort Sill, 
Indian Territory, during the Sioux war of that year, and 
in December following was stationed at Washington 
Barracks, D. C. ; and in 1877 was ordered to Fort 
Adams, from which point he moved to Philadelphia, 
thence to Reading, and finally to Mauch Chunk, taking 
part in quelling the mining riots of that year, after which 
he returned to Fort Adams. 

Captain Eakin, with his battery, participated in the 
Yorktown celebration in 1881, and in the fall of that 
year changed stations to California, serving at Fort Point, 
Fort Canby, and the Presidio of San Francisco, from 
which point he was retired for disability in the line of 
duty January 14, 1SS8. 

Major Eakin is the son of Lieutenant C. M. Eakin, 
Second Artillery, and grandson of Paymaster Samuel H. 
Eakin, U. S. Army. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



135 



CAPTAIN FREDERICK H. E. EBSTEIN. U.S.A. 

Captain Frederick H. E. Ebstein (Twenty-first 
Infantry) was born at Militsch, Prussia, April 21, 1847; 
educated at the Poughkeepsie (New York) Collegiate 
Institute. He entered the military service November 18, 
1864, at the age of seventeen, as a private in Company H, 
Fourth United States Infantry. He joined his regiment 
in the field in Virginia, and served with it there till the 
close of the war. Subsequently, as a corporal and ser- 
geant, he served at Batter)- Barracks, New York ; Fort 
Schuyler, New York harbor, and Fort Wayne, Michigan. 
Later he became chief clerk at head-quarters of the 
Departments of the Ohio and of the Lakes. 

He was appointed second lieutenant of the Eighteenth 
Infantry September 12, 1867, joining his regiment at Fort 
Fetterman, Wyoming ; serving later at Fort Sedgwick, 
Colorado, and Atlanta, Georgia. While on the plains he 
participated in several scouts against hostile Sioux. 

He was placed on waiting orders by the consolidation 
of regiments in 1860, but was in Jul}- of the same year 
assigned to the Twenty- first Infantry, joining Company H 
at Camp Date Creek, Arizona, and was engaged in post 
and scouting duty in that Territory during the three years 
follow ing. 

Being transferred to San Juan Island, Washington 
Territory, in 1872, he received, on behalf of the United 
States, the British property on that island, upon the with- 
drawal of the British troops. 

He was promoted first lieutenant February 19, [873, 
and served at Fort Klamath, Oregon, until June, 1876, 
when he was appointed regimental quartermaster, and 
ordered to Fort Vancouver, Washington Territory. In 
the summer and fall of 1877 he participated in the expe- 
dition against hostile Nez Perces, as chief quartermaster 
on the staff of General O. O. Howard, and was present 
at the engagements at Cottonwood (Ravine), Idaho, and 
Camas Meadows, Montana. On being relieved, he re- 
ceived the following complimentary order : " The general 
commanding takes this opportunity to express his satis- 
faction at the efficient manner in which Lieutenant Ebstein 
has discharged the duties of chief quartermaster of this 
expedition." 

In the summer of 1S78 he was again in the field against 
the Bannock Indians, serving as chief quartermaster on 
the staff of General O. O. Howard, and participated in 
the engagement at Umatilla Agency, Oregon. Return- 
ing to Fort Vancouver, he resumed duty at that post as 
regimental and post quartermaster until September 30, 
1880, when he resigned his regimental staff appointment 
to accept the recruiting detail. 

He served as depot adjutant, David's Island, New York 




harbor, to October, 1S82 ; then travelled in Europe during 
the winter of [882-83, and subsequently served at Fort 
Canby and Vancouver Barracks, Washington, and was 
subsequently transferred with his regiment to Fort Sid- 
ney, Nebraska, in 1884. 

He became captain April 1, 1885, and served in the 
field at Crisfield, Kansas, as acting assistant adjutant- 
general of the troops assembled there during the Cheyenne 
troubles in 18S5, and again in the fall of the same year 
in command of his company at Rock Springs, Wyoming, 
during the anti-Chinese riots. He participated also in 
the camps of instruction at Kearney, Nebraska, 1888, and 
Fort Robinson, Nebraska, 1889. 

In addition to the above-mentioned service, Captain 
Ebstein has performed duty as issuing commissary for the 
Apache-Mojave and Apache-Yuma Indians; as quarter- 
master, commissary, and adjutant at various posts; as 
acting assistant adjutant-general, District of the Lakes, 
and as disbursing quartermaster at head-quarters, Depart- 
ment of the Columbia. He has performed the duties of 
judge-advocate of numerous important courts-martial 
and courts of inquiry; was recorder of the court of 
inquiry appointed by the President at Jefferson Barracks, 
Missouri, to investigate the causes of desertions; was on 
duty under the War Department in connection with the 
establishment of canteens at military posts ; member of 
boards of examination for promotion of non-commis- 
sioned officers, and president of board of officers at Fort 
Snelling, to prepare a system of book-keeping for post 
canteens. In the winter of 1890 he participated, in com- 
mand of his company, in the Sioux campaign. 

Captain Ebstein's present station is with his company 
at Fort Sidnev, Nebraska. 



ij6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR WILLIAM FRANCIS EDGAR, U.S.A. (retired). 

Major William Francis Edgar was horn in Ken- 
tucky, and entered the regular service as first lieutenant 
and assistant surgeon March 2, 1849. His first duty 
was .it Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, and he then accom- 
panied the Second United States Dragoons on the march 
fnmi that place to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, lie was 
next ordered with the Mounted Rifles on the march 
overland to Oregon, and subsequently in an expedition 
to Utah, and at Fort Hall (Cantonment Loring), Rocky 
Mountains, up to April, 1850. He served in Oregon 
and Washington Territories to April, [851, and partici- 
pated in an expedition against the Rogue River Indians 
with the First Dragoons (Major Philip Kearney's expe- 
dition), and thence en route to California, to August 
1851. 

The doctor was then stationed at Sonoma and Benicia, 
California, with the First Dragoons and Second Infantry, 
and at Camp Miller, head-waters San Joaquin River, 
with the Second Infantry. From this point he accom- 
panied the Second Infantry in an expedition against hos- 
tile Indians in the Yosemite Valley and Sierra Nevada 
Mountains, t<> September, 1852. lie was then stationed 
at Fort Reading, head-waters of the Sacramento River, 
with the Fourth Infantry, and took the field with the 
First Dragoons en route to establish Fort Tejon.in South- 
ern California. The doctor was partially paralyzed on 
the left side, on returning to camp on the morning of 
December 9, 1N54, after unusual exertion while being 
exposed all the previous night to the intense cold of a 
mountain snow-storm, and an injury of the left hip and 



lower part of the spine, from the falling of a horse while 
cut searching, with a teamster, for a wounded soldier. 

He was promoted captain ami assistant surgeon March 
2, 1854, and in April, I S 5 5 , was en route to Washington, 
and subsequently assigned to duty at Jefferson Barracks, 
with the Second Cavalry. His service here was of tem- 
porary duration, for, in September of the same year, he- 
was en route to Texas by sea. In 1856 he was at the 
Head-quarters Department, Texas, from which he was 
ordered with the Second Artillery by sea and stationed 
with that regiment in Florida for a short while, when he 
was ordered to New York by sea, with the sick of the 
troops serving in Florida. 

The doctor was stationed at Fort Wood, New York 
harbor, until \'. S57, when he was detailed for duty in the 
office of the medical purveyor at New York City. He 
was then ordered to accompany recruits to California 
and was stationed at Fort Miller, with the Third Artil- 
lery, but was subsequently changed to the Presidio of San 
Francisco, and afterwards to Benicia. He participated 
in an expedition with the First Dragoons against the 
Mojave Indians on the Colorado River in 1858, and in an 
expedition against the same in Arizona in 1859, with the 
Sixth Infantry and Third Artillery, and then stationed at 
Camp Prentice, California, and San Diego, with part of 
the Fourth and Sixth Regiments of Infantry until No- 
vember, 1 86 1. 

These regiments being ordered east, to take part in the 
war of the Rebellion, the doctor was ordered to accom- 
pany them by sea to New York, and thence to Washing- 
ton, D.C. He was promoted major and surgeon May 
24, 1861, and upon arrival at Washington was ordered 
to duty with General Buell's army in Kentucky, and was 
given charge of the General Hospital, Number 4, in 
Louisville. He was medical director of the district of 
Cairo, Illinois, to 1862, when he was taken sick on ac- 
count of feeble health, resulting from former injuries. 
Upon replying to an inquiry regarding field duty at that 
tunc, "that a surgical operation was necessary first," he 
was ordered before a retiring board and retired from 
active duty " for disability in the line of duty." Fie was 
then placed on duty in the medical director's office of 
the Department of the East, as assistant medical director, 
and while there was member of the board examining 
applicants for admission to the medical corps of the 
army. The doctor performed various other duties, and 
was sent once more to California by sea, in March, 1866; 
but upon his own application was relieved from duty 
May 21, 1869, for one year, and in consequence of the 
act of Congress of 1870 was not again assigned to duty. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



137 



COMMODORE HENRY ERBEN, U.S.N. 

Commodore Henry Erben is a native of the city of 
New York, and was appointed midshipman in June, 
1 848, from that city. He was ordered to the frigate " St. 
Lawrence," and served in that fine vessel from July, 
1S4S, to July, 1853 ; was on duty on the Coast Survey in 
1854, and at the Naval Academy in 1855. He became 
passed midshipman the same year. While serving in the 
"Potomac" frigate, in 1855, he was made master, and 
ordered to the prize filibuster bark " Amelia," which had 
been captured at Porto-Prince, Hayti. The officer in 
charge was ordered to take her to New York, but, after 
seventy days at sea, he arrived at St. Thomas, destitute of 
provisions and a wreck. During 1856-57 he was attached 
to the store-ship " Supply," employed in bringing camels 
for the War Department from Egypt to Texas. He was 
made lieutenant in December, 1856. For a part of 1857 
he was in the steamer " Vixen," making deep-sea sound- 
ings for the Atlantic cable, and in August joined the U.S.S. 
" Mississippi," and served in her in the East,— bringing 
home the Chinese treat} - in November, 1859. While serv- 
ing in the Gulf of Mexico, in the " Supply," he was at 
Pensacola when the navy-yard there was surrendered to 
the troops of Alabama and Florida. lie assisted in trans- 
ferring the troops under Lieutenant Slemmer from Fort 
Barrancas to Fort Pickens < m the night of January 9, [861. 
On the previous day he had, with a boat's crew, spiked 
the guns at Fort MacRea, destroyed material and twenty 
thousand pounds of powder. He returned to New York 
with the sailors, marines, and workmen of the surrendered 
navy-yard. 

In March, 1861, he returned to Fort Pickens in the 
" Release," and was transferred to the " Huntsville" on 
the blockade. In action with rebel gun-boats and bat- 
teries at Ship Island, and, in December, off Mobile with 
the rebel gun-boat " Florida," which, during the tem- 
porary absence of the " Huntsville," had come out in a 
calm to destroy the sailing-frigate " Potomac." 

He was ordered to the Mississippi River fleet in April, 
1862, and commanded iron-clad "St. Louis" at the siege 
of Fort Pillow and in action with rebel rams, May, 1862 ; 
capture of Memphis in June, 1862. Served on the ad- 
miral's staff! Commanded the " Sumter" at the siege of 
Vicksburg, and passed the batteries there with Farragut, 
July 15, 1862. At the battle of Baton Rouge August 6, 
1862, and destruction of rebel ram "Arkansas" August 
7, 1862. Lieutenant-commander on July 16, 1862. 

He returned to the east to join the naval howitzer 
battery in Maryland, with General McClellan, during the 
Antietam campaign, and in October, 1862, joined the 
monitor " Patapsco" as executive-officer. Engaged at Fort 
McAllister in March, 1S63, and attack on forts at Charles- 
ton in April, 1863. Steam-frigate " Niagara" on special 
18 




service on Atlantic coast from November, 1863, to May, 
iSf4. In July, [ 864, he was ordered to command monitor 
" Chimo" and then the monitor "Tunxis," which vessels 
were intended to destroy the ram "Albemarle," but were 
found unseaworthy and condemned. In October, 1864, 
ordered to command " Ponola," West Gulf Squadron, 
and captured, under the guns of batteries at Matagorda, 
Texas, the schooner " Dale" and the boats of the torpedo 
station, with twenty men; broke up the establishment. 
Engaged the batteries at Galveston in attempting the 
destruction of a blockade-runner, the " Let Her Be." In 
July, 1865, he was ordered home, and was on duty at the 
New York Navy-Yard during 1866. From 1867101869 
he commanded steamers " 1 Iuron," " Kansas," and " Paw- 
nee" on South Atlantic Station. He was commissioned 
commander in 1868. During 1871-72 he was upon ord- 
nance and rendezvous duty in New York, and in 1873 
commanded the monitor " Manhattan" at Key West dur- 
ing the critical period of a serious misunderstanding with 
Spain. 

In 1874-75 Commander Erben was in command of 
the "Tuscarora," of the North Pacific Squadron, and 
employed in running deep-sea soundings. He then had 
a term of shore-duty at the navy-yard, Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire; but went to sea again, from 1878 to 1882, in 
command of the nautical school-ship " St. Mary's." He 
was promoted captain in 1879, and commanded the " Pen- 
sacola," in 188^-84, in cruise around the world. He then 
had another turn of duty at the Portsmouth Navy-Yard, 
and then was on special duty at New York for three 
years. 

In the early part of 1 891 Captain Erben was ordered 
as governor to the Naval Asylum at Philadelphia, but, 
being promoted commodore in 1892, was soon transferred 
to the important command of the New York Navy- Yard, 
which he now holds. 



133 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular* 




COMMANDER R. D. KVANS. U.S.N. 

Commander Robley Dunglison Evans was born in 
Virginia, but was appointed a midshipman from the 
Territory of Utah on September 20, i860, lie was at 
the Naval Academy when that institution was transferred, 
temporarily, from Annapolis to Newport, Rhode Island, 
on account of the war. The term of his class at the 
Academy was shortened on account of the pressing 
necessity for officers, and he became ensign on Octo- 
ber 1, 1863. Being ordered to the steam-frigate "Pow- 
hatan," he first served iii the West India Squadron, 



and then, in 1864-65, in the North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron. 

He landed with the force of seamen and marines for 
the land assault upon Fort Fisher, ami received two 
severe wounds from rifle-shots, -from the disabling effects 
of which he suffered for a considerable time. 

On Jul\' 25, 1866, he was commissioned as lieutenant, 
and was, during that year, attached to the navy-yard at 
Philadelphia ; being afterwards transferred to ordnance 
duty at the Washington Navy- Yard. 

He next made a cruise in the flag-ship " Piscataqua," 
of the Asiatic Squadron, from 1867 to 1869. During 
this cruise, on March 12, 1868, he was promoted to be 
lieutenant-commander. lie was attached, with this rank, 
to the Washington Navy- Yard, 1870-71 ; and to the 
Naval Academy in 1871-72. 

From 1873 to 1876 he cruised in the " Shenandoah," 
second-rate, and the " Congress," second-rate, of the 
European Squadron; and, during ^^7/-/^, was in com- 
mand of the training-ship " Saratoga." 

He was commissioned commander in July, 1878, and, 
after service at the Washington Navy- Yard, was light- 
house inspector from 1882 to 1886. In 1886-87 he was 
chief inspector of steel for the new cruisers. During 
1887-89 he held the position of secretary of the Light- 
House Board. 

During 1890 he was on leave of absence. 

He was ordered to the command of the " Yorktown" 
in July, 1891, which command he holds at present. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



139 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET MAJOR EVARTS S. EWING, 
U.S.A. (deceased). 

Captain and Brevet Major Evarts S. Ewing was 
born in Giles Count}', Tennessee, March 25, 1S41. lie- 
always had a strong desire to go through West Point, 
and at one time was offered an appointment, but bravely 
declined in accordance with the wishes of his parents. 
They hoped he might continue the work of his father 
in the Presbyterian ministry. However, within a week- 
after the firing on Fort Sumter, Evarts Ewing was riding 
over the country, recruiting a company of volunteers to 
enter the war of the Rebellion. Southern born, yet his 
sympathies were with his country and the State which 
was at that time his home. 

Through his efforts and those of a few others, Com- 
pany D of the First Iowa Cavalry was soon formed, and 
Evarts Ewing lacked but five votes of being made the 
first lieutenant. He was then offered the position of 
second lieutenant, but refused it, saying he would carry 
a musket as a plain private. So he rode away only bugler 
and private of Company D, but before leaving the State- 
was made quartermaster-sergeant of the regiment, and 
for a time had sole charge of that department, there being 
no commissioned officer over him. He became chief 
bugler and commissary-sergeant, and served in these 
grades until September 12, 1863. His campaigns were 
for the most part west of the Mississippi, in those many 
smaller engagements which, although less famous, were 
none the less heroically fought than the great battles with 
whose names we are more familiar. Perhaps his most 
marked gallantry was shown in the battle of Prairie 
Grove. He was appointed captain and commissary of 
subsistence January 13, 1805, and was honorably mus- 
tered out October 9, 1865. He was brevetted major, 
lieutenant-colonel, and colonel of volunteers, October 6 
of the same year, for "faithful and meritorious ser- 
vices." 

Colonel Ewing entered the regular service as second 
lieutenant of the Sixteenth Infantry, February 23, 1866, 
and was promoted first lieutenant March 19 the same- 
year. The brevets of captain and major, U. S. Arm}', 
were conferred upon him March 2, 1867, for "gallant 
and meritorious services." He was transferred to the 
Thirty-fourth Infantry September 21, 1866, and upon the 
consolidation of regiments was transferred back to his 
old regiment, the Sixteenth, in which, to his last day, he 
always maintained the greatest pride and interest. 

He was serving in Washington in 1867 as aide-de-camp 
to General O. O. Howard, when General Joseph A. Mower 
applied to the War Department for an especially efficient 
and responsible man to act as department quartermaster 
on his staff, and Major Ewing was relieved of his position 
on General Howard's staff to fill this place on General 
Mower's. 




Since then he served with his regiment at the various 
posts where he was stationed. He was on duty in 
New Orleans in 1876 during the famous White League 
troubles, and later at different posts of the Indian Ter- 
ritory, Kansas, and Texas. He served as regimental 
quartermaster of the Sixteenth Infantry from March 9, 
1880, to April 30, 1880, when he was promoted to captain 
of Company 15. 

Major Ewing was retired from active service the 3d of 
January, 1885, for disability in line of duty (sec. 1251 
rev. stat.). 

In May, 1885, Major Ewing was honored by an invi- 
tation from the board of managers of the World's Fair 
in New Orleans to take command of the large inter- 
state encampment of militia to take place at the close of 
the exposition. He accepted the offer, and won a most 
enviable reputation among all who understood military 
matters. 

Among many other honors, Major Ewing might claim 
that of being the father of target practice in the U. S. 
Army, it being through his letters, written to the Army 
and Navy Journal, and the example he set by his untiring 
efforts in that direction in his own company, that the War 
Department first became interested in what is to-day so 
prominent a feature of our arm}-. Major Ewing was the 
first commissioned officer in the Department of Texas to 
be given a marksman's button. 

His nature was a remarkable combination of the poet 
and the soldier ; from childhood his highest aims were in 
a military line, but next to this he hoped to achieve fame 
in the literary world. 

Shortly after his distinguished services at the New 
Orleans encampment, he received an offer from the Presi- 
dent of Honduras to take command of the armies of that 
republic. This offer, for various personal reasons, he 
reluctantly declined to accept. He died June 7, 1892. 



140 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND XAVY (regular) 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL J. P. FARLEY. U.S.A. 

Lieutenant-Colonel J. P. Farley (Ordnance Corps, 
U. S. Army) was born in Washington, 1). C, March 2, 
1839. He was graduated at the U. S. Militar} Academy 
June 24, [861; assigned to the Second U. S. Artil- 
lery, and transferred to the < )rdnance Corps October 24, 
1 86 1. 

I;, fore and during the Bull Run campaign he served 
as aide on the staff of the general commanding the de- 
fences of Washington, and later, during the summer and 
fill of thai year, with Horse Battery A, Second Artillery, 
covei ing the appn iai lies t< 1 Washingti in and Alexandria, 
Virginia. 

Special Order No. 174, Folly Island, South Carolina, 
[uly 8, [863, was indorsed by Lieutenant-Colonel R. H. 
[ackson, captain First LJ. S. Artillery, as follows: "Lieu- 
tenant Farley reported to me in obedience to the within 
order, and remained on duty in charge of one-half of the 
battel ies of the hunt line until the capture by our tr< iops 
of the south end of Morris Island on July IO, 1863. 

" I hike pleasure in testifying that to his ability, ex- 
ample, and gallant conduit in the action of the 10th of 
July, 1S63, which resulted in the capture of Morris Island, 
the splendid practice, the admirable sighting, and the 
destructive effects oi the artillery under his command 
were in a great measure due. 

" This conduct was the more praiseworthy on his part, 
as he volunteered to command troops on that occasion 
out of the line of his duty as an ordnance officer. 

" Lieutenant Farley's name received highly honorable 
mention in my report ('War of Rebellion Records,' Vol. 
XXVIII.) of the part taken by the artillery under my 
command in the capture of the south end of Morris 
Island." 

Lieutenant Farley again volunteered his servii 
aide to General Truman Seymour during the bombard- 



ment and assault on Fort Wagner, South Carolina, July 
18, 1863. The general in indorsing the foregoing order, 
No. 174, says: "Lieutenant Farley was a member of my 
staff during a considerable part of that summer ( 1863). 
lie was one of the most active, intelligent, and useful of 
my right-hand assistants and advisers, — was always ready 
for any labor, however toilsome and disagreeable, and 
assuredly the- work of the artillerist and ordnance officer 
on Foll_\- and Moiris Islands during that eventful summer 
was very trying; lie was patient and persevering under 
unusual difficulties; he was, in fact, one of the compara- 
tively few of whom, when charged with the accomplish- 
ment of ail}' special duty, I was absolutely sure it would 
be conducted skilfully to its desired end." 

( reneral Seymour, in an official report, " War of Rebel- 
lion Record," Vol. XXVIII., referring to a successful 
engagement with the enemy on Morris Island, South 
Carolina, accords to Lieutenant Farley " no small share 
of the glory of this day." 

The later service of Lieutenant Farley (1864-65) with 
Lieutenant-General U. S. Grant was recognized by the 
general in the following terms: " I take pleasure in tes- 
tifying to your efficiency as an ordnance officer while 
serving in the armies operating against Richmond. 

" During the time you were in charge of the extensive 
and very important Ordnance Depot at City Point, Vir- 
ginia, your duties were performed to my entire satisfac- 
tion, anil, as far as my official and personal knowledge 
extend, to the perfect satisfaction of the armies you 
supplied." 

In this connection, revelling to the field service of 
Lieutenant Farley, General Seymour says: " Approved, 
as it has been, by the greatest of our commanders, my 
own commendations are of little value in comparison; 
but the)- are the expressions of a profound appreciation 
of all that can confer honor and distinction upon one of 
the most worthy young officers I knew during the war." 

Lieutenant Farley was brevctted captain " for meri- 
torious services in the Ordnance Department during the 
war," and his field service is recognized in orders and 
reports, " War of the Rebellion Records," Vol. XXVIII. 

Since the war he has served at the Military Academy ; 
at arsenals, foundries, proving grounds, and on various 
boards, such as the Ordnance Board, the Experimental 
Testing Board, and a Board for the Selection of a Maga- 
zine Small-Arm lor the Service. He is the author of 
"Professional and Scientific Papers," published by the 
War Department, anil for which work he has received 
official commendation. 

Colonel Farley is the son of Captain John Farley (Class 
of [823, U. S. M. A.), First U. S. Artillery; grandson of 
Captain John Farley, L T . S. Corps of Artillery, War of 
1812; and great-grandson of Robert Breat, paymaster- 
general, L r . S. A., [819. 



W/fO SERVED IN THE CI VIE WAR. 



141 



CAPTAIN NORMAN H. FARQUHAR, U.S.N. 

Captain Nokman II. Farquhar is at present chief of 
the Bureau of Yards and Docks, Navy Department, with 
the rank of commodore. He was born in Pennsylvania 
April 1 1, 1S40, and graduated from the Naval Academy 
in 1859. While still a midshipman, serving in different 
vessels of our African Squadron, he was detailed to bring 
to the United States a captured slaver, the "Triton," 
with a crew of ten men and no other officer. Still a 
midshipman at the breaking out of the great Rebellion, 
he became lieutenant in a very few months, and served 
on board the steamer " Mystic" and the steam gun-boat 
"Mahaska," of the North Atlantic Squadron; the 
steamer " Rhode Island," of the West India Squadron; 
and the "Santiago de Cuba," of the North Atlantic 
Squadron. Lieutenant Farquhar was present at both 
attacks upon Fort Fisher, and there and elsewhere was 
distinguished for his coolness and conduct under fire. 
General B. F. Butler, in his official report of the attack on 
Fort Fisher, North Carolina, dated January 3, 1865, 
speaks of Captain Farquhar (then lieutenant) as follows : 
" Lieutenant Farquhar, of the navy, having in charge the 
navy boats which assisted in the landing, deserves great 
credit for the energy and skill with which he managed 
the boats through the rolling surf." 

In [865 he was promoted to be lieutenant-commander, 
and then served for some time at the Naval Academy. 
He next served in the "Swatara," on the European 
Station, in 1868-69; anc ' a * : tne navy-yard, Boston, in 
1870, being thence ordered as executive-officer of the 
United States steamship "Severn," from which ship he 
went to the command of the "Kansas," and was em- 
ployed in surveying duties. After another tour of service 
at the Boston Navy- Yard, he joined the United States 
steamship "Powhatan" in 1X72, and on December 12 
of that year was made commander in the navy. He 
was then stationed at the Naval Academy, at Annapolis, 
in command of the "Santee," and in charge of buildings 
and grounds for about six years; commanding the 
"Portsmouth" in 1878, and in command of "Quinne- 
baug" and "Wyoming," European Squadron, from [878 
to 1881. He then became commandant of "cadets" at 
the Naval Academy, in which position he remained five 
years; commanding the "Constellation" on the practice 
cruise with the midshipmen in 1883 and 1884. 

He was commissioned as captain March 4, [886, and 
was ordered to command the flag-ship "Trenton," in the 




Pacific. The country will long remember the wreck of 
the "Trenton" ami other vessels at Apia, Samoa, during 
a dreadful hurricane. On this occasion, by good seaman- 
ship, Captain Farquhar saved the lives of the four hun- 
dred and fifty officers and men who composed the ship's 
company. 

For his services on this occasion the Humane Society 
of Massachusetts awarded Captain Farquhar its gold 
medal, with a letter couched in very complimentary 
terms. Captain Farquhar has probably commanded 
more vessels than any officer of his grade, but has held 
no command afloat since that of the "Trenton." In 
August, 1889, he was senior member of the Board of 
Visitors at the Torpedo Station, Newport, and was 
appointed a member of the Light-House Board in the 
latter part of the same year, but did not serve long in 
that capacity, as he was, on March 6, 1890, appointed 
chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks at the Navy 
Department, as we have said above. Commodore Far- 
quhar is the holder of a gold medal from the Naval 
Institute, given in 1885, for an essay entitled "Induce- 
ments for Obtaining Seamen in the Navy." Many of 
the suggestions contained in that paper have since been 
adopted by the department. " Captain Farquhar is 
universally regarded as one of the most accomplished, 
progressive, and trustworthy officers in the navy. Like 
all men of capacity and courage, he is considerate to 
those under him, while exacting prompt obedience to 
official orders." 



142 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




ADMIRAL DAVID GLASGOW FARRAGUT, U.S.N. 
(dei eased). 

It seems hopeless, in the brief space allotted, to even 
mention the points in the career of this distinguished 
head of our navy; but, fortunately, the whole country, 
and the whole world, indeed, is familiar with them, and 
everywhere — from the Winter Palace at St. Petersburg 
to the fisherman's hut upon the shores of the Pacific — his 
likeness is to be found. Farragut was wounded in the 
bloody battle between the " Essex" and the British ships 
"Phoebe" and "Cherub," in March, i S 1 4 , when his 
commanding officer regretted "that he was too young 
for promotion." He lived to command at New Orleans, 
Vicksburg, and Mobile Bay, and yet was only sixty-nine 
whenhedied. But very much was compressed into those 
years. lie served in three wars, as well as against the 
West Indian pirates, and he observed the military and 
naval operations of his time throughout the world with 
his native sagacity, all of which tended to ripen his mind 
for the great work before him. Admiral Farragut was a 
di cendant of Don Pedro Ferragut, called "El Conquis- 
tador," from his successes in battle against the Moors 
of Spain. They had estates in Minorca, and his father 
was born there, and emigrated to America in 1776. 
He took part in the war of the Revolution, and was the 
friend and companion of General fackson during his 
Indian campaigns. He married in North Carolina, set- 
tled in Tennessee, where his distinguished son was born, 
and finally entered the naval service as sailing-master. 

Admiral Farragut, through Commodore David Porter, 
received his midshipman's warrant when less than ten 
years old. and in 1S11 he went to sea with Porter. When 
the ship's company of the " Essex" returned to the 
I hiited States in the cartel " Essex Junior" he was pi 
at 1 hool until the peace of 1 S 1 5 . 



He then made two cruises to the Mediterranean, avail- 
ing himself of favorable opportunities for study and travel. 
Under his old commander, Porter, he served during 
1823-24, in the suppression of piracy in the West Indies, 
and always took pride in having obtained a command 
then at the age of twenty-two. In 1S25 he was a lieu- 
tenant of the " Brandy wine," w hen she took Lafayette 
home. He served on the coast of Brazil as executive- 
officer of the " Delaware," seventy-four, and in command 
of two vessels. While in command of the " Erie," in the 
Gulf, he noted carefully the French bombardment of 
Vera Cruz. Served in our own war with Mexico, in the 
"Saratoga;" then on ordnance, court-martial, and navy- 
yard duties. In I S54 he was sent to California to estab- 
lish the navy-yard at Mare Island. During his four- 
years' service there his coolness and judgment in deal- 
ing with the delicate question of Federal and State 
jurisdiction, during the reign of the "Vigilance Com- 
mittee" of 1856, not only saved the government from 
being drawn into a local quarrel, but also saved blood- 
shed. During 1859-60 Farragut commanded the 
" Brooklyn," and, at the breaking out of the great Re- 
bellion, was living in Norfolk, Virginia, as he had done 
for many years. Local opinion and local pressure had 
no effect upon a man of his broad views, and he moved 
to the North, and took' up his residence on the Hudson. 
In January, 1862, he was assigned to the command of 
the West Gulf Squadron, his mission being to unseal 
that great artery of commerce ami travel, the Missis- 
sippi, and all that such an undertaking entailed. He 
seemed confident of success from the first, great as the 
task before him was. He wrote: "As to being pre- 
pared for defeat, I certainly am not. Any man who is 
prepared for defeat would be half-defeated before he 
commenced. I hope for success, shall do all in my 
power to secure it, and trust in God for the rest." The 
result of that continual strain of combat for so man}' 
months is a matter of common-school history, ami need 
not be recounted here. The same may be said of his 
operations at Mobile Bay in 1804. He received the 
thanks of Congress, and was commissioned rear-admiral 
July K>, i,Xf>2; vice-admiral December 21, 1864, and 
was finally promoted to the rank of admiral Jul)- 26, 
1866. In 1867 he went to the command of the Euro- 
pean Squadron, and made an extended cruise, being 
everywhere received with the most marked attention. 
At this time, when past sixty-six, Admiral Farragut, with 
his rounded, active figure, and firm, clean-shaven face, 
gave one the impression of being a much younger man. 
He spoke several languages very fluently, and was a 
very close observer, ami an indefatigable reader. Noth- 
ing escaped his keen eve, and when he felt himself among 
friends his observations were often very dry and even 
witty. He died on August 14, 1870. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



143 



REAR-ADMIRAL JOHN C. FEBIGER, U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Rear-Admiral John C. Febiger was born in Penn- 
sylvania and appointed from Ohio, his warrant as mid- 
shipman bearing date of September 14, 1838. His first 
service was in the frigate " Macedonian," of the West 
India Squadron, 1838-40. He was then attached to the 
sloop-of-war " Concord," mostly upon the Brazil coast, 
during 1841-43. In the latter year he was wrecked in 
the " Concord" on the east coast of Africa, and was then 
attached to the brig " Chippola," purchased by the gov- 
ernment at Rio Janeiro and used to recover and dispose 
of the equipment of the " Concord." Engaged in this 
duty until 1844. On May 20 of that year he was made 
passed midshipman, and served in the frigate " Potomac," 
of the Home Squadron, for two years. He then made a 
cruise to the Pacific in the sloop-of-war " Dale," and was 
from her transferred to the " Columbus," 74, in which 
ship he came home. 

Again attached to the sloop-of-war " Dale," he made 
a cruise upon the coast of Africa, and upon his return 
was employed upon the Coast Survey for several years. 

He was promoted to master 1852, and was commis- 
sioned lieutenant in the navy April 30, 1853. In 1858-60 
he was attached to the sloop-of-war " Germantown," of 
the Past India Squadron, and upon his return, in 1 861, 
was ordered to the sloop-of-war " Savannah." 

Commissioned commander in the navy August 11, 
1862. Commanded the "Kanawha," of the West Gulf 
Blockading Squadron, in 1862-63, and was in the en- 
gagement off Mobile Bay April 3, 1862. 

During the year 1863 Commander Febiger com- 
manded the " Osage," " Neosho," and " Dafayette," of 
the Mississippi Squadron ; and in 1864-65 commanded 
the " Mattabeset," of the North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron. During this period he participated in the 




spirited engagement with the rebel ram " Albemarle," in 
Albemarle Sound, Ma)-, 1S64. 

In the years 1866-68 he commanded the " Ashuelot," 
of the Asiatic Squadron. 

Commissioned captain May 6, 1868, and commanded 
the steam-sloop " Shenandoah," of the Asiatic Squadron, 
in 1868-69. While commanding the " Shenandoah" he 
entered and surveyed Ping-Yang Inlet, on the west coast 
of Corea. 

From 1869 to 1872 he was inspector of naval reserved 
lands. In 1872-74 he commanded the U. S. steamer 
" Omaha," of the South Pacific Squadron. He was pro- 
moted to commodore August 9, 1874. After this he 
became a member of the Board of Examiners, and then 
commandant of the navy-yard at Washington, D. C, for 
nearly four years. He was then upon special duty in 
Washington, D. C, and a member of the Retiring Board. 

Promoted to rear-admiral February 4, 1882. Retired 
upon his own application July 1, 1882. 



144 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY {regular) 




MAJOR E. G. FECHET, U.S.A. 

Major E. G. Fechet (Sixth Cavalry) was born July 
i i, 1844, in Michigan. 1 le is the son of Alfred Edmond 
Fechet, M.D., a native of France, and graduate of the 
College of France, who came to the United States in 
1840. 

Young Feehet entered the volunteer service June 19, 
1861, as sergeant of Company A, Seventh Michigan In- 
fantry, and participated in the Maryland campaign of the 
Army of the Potomac, being engaged in the battle of 
Antietam, September 17, 1862, at which time he was shot 
through the right lung. He was promoted second lieu- 
tenant, to date from that battle, and first lieutenant June 
iS, [863. He resigned June 31, 1863, on account of 
illness resulting from his wound. On recover}-, he again 
entered the volunteer service as quartermaster-sergeant 
of the Tenth Michigan Cavalry, but was promoted sec- 
ond lieutenant January 23, 1804, and 'first lieutenant 
April 1, 1865. He was in several minor engagements 
in [864, in East Tennessee, and commanded the Knox- 
ville Depot of Ordnance November, [865, and was hon- 
orably mustered out of service November 21, 1865. He 
was appointed to regular service as second lieutenant of 
Eighth Cavalry July 28, 1866, and brevetted first lieu- 
tenant and captain March 2, 1 867, " for gallant conduct 
at the battle of Antietam." In February marched in 
command oi Troop I from San Francisco to Fort 
Whipple, Arizona, and participated in a severe fight with 
the Hualapi and Tonto Apache Indians. He was pro- 
moted first lieutenant July 31, 1867, and captain May J3, 
1870. 

Rejoining his regiment in January, [ 870, he tools • om- 
mand of Troop G, anjd changed stations to New Mexico, 
arriving at Fort Selden in the March following. Captain 
Fechet commandei I .1 deta< hmenl of troops in an engage- 
ment with the Mescalero Apaches, capturing their entire 



camp and herd, and forcing the tribe to return to Stan- 
ton reservation. He marched with his regiment to Texas, 
on change of department, arriving at Ringgold Barracks 
in March, 1 S76, where he remained to i88i,\vhen he was 
transferred to Fort Clark, which post he did duty at until 
September, 1887. Then he commanded Camp Pena 
Colorado to May, 1888, when he marched with his regi- 
ment from Texas to Dakota. He left Pena Colorado 
on the 19th of May, and arrived at Fort Yates, North 
Dakota, September 17, the distance marched being two 
thousand one hundred miles. 

While in command of his troop at Fort Yates, Captain 
Fechet became somewhat conspicuous in the Sioux cam- 
paign of 1890-91, by having been engaged in the affair 
which resulted in the death of the famous chief Sitting 
Bull, having on that occasion commanded the troops 
participating therein. The following extract from a 
communication from General Miles, in the field, on this 
subject, to General Thomas H. Ruger, commanding the 
department of Dakota, is here given : 

"The division commander has received official report 
of Lieutenant-Colonel Drum, Twelfth Infantry, and 
Captain Fechet, Eighth Cavalry, regarding the arrest of 
Sitting Bull. He desires me to express his approval of 
the good judgment displayed by the officers and the 
assistance of agent, the fortitude of the troops and 
bravery of the Indian police. It required no ordinary 
courage to go into an Indian camp of well-armed war- 
riors and arrest the chief conspirator on the eve of his 
departure to join the large body of his followers then in 
defiant hostility to the government, and engaged in rob- 
bing its citizens and looting their houses. It was from 
Sitting Bull that emissaries have been for months going 
to other tribes inciting them to hostility, and he died 
while resisting the lawful officials of the government. 
Even after lie had been peaceably arrested, he raised the 
cry of revolt, and incited his men to shoot down the 
government police in the lawful discharge of their duty. 
The fearless action of Captain Fechet and his command 
entitles them to great credit, and the celerity of his 
movements showed the true soldierly spirit. 

" The division commander desires that his sympathy 
be expressed to those who have suffered from wounds, 
and the families of the dead brave, loyal, Indian police, 
and his thanks to all who took part in the arrest that lias 
already resulted in the surrender of more than one hun- 
dred defiant, lawless savages, and with other measures 
has done much to prevent the destruction of many peace- 
able homes and innocent lives. By command of Major- 
< '.('ilir.il Miles. (Signed) 

M. 1'. Mais, A.D.C." 

Captain Fechet was promoted major of the Sixth 
Cavalry April 20, [891, 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



145 



CAPTAIN EDWARD FIELD. U.S.A. 

Captain Edward Field (Fourth Artillery) traces his 
lineage in unbroken thread from the distinguished as- 
tronomer and student, Sir John Field, to whose researches 
England was indebted for the explanation and intro- 
duction of the Copernican system. Emigrating from 
the mother-country long before the revolt of the infant 
colonies, his ancestors were among the first to take up 
arms against the sea of troubles which so crowded upon 
the young republic at its birth. Richard Stockton, 
member of the Continental Congress and signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, was his great-great-grand- 
father. 

Richard Stockton Field, attorney-general of the State 
of New Jersey, United States Senator, and United States 
District Judge, was the father of Captain Field, and a 
resident of the classic old town of Princeton when, in 
1 84 1, the son was born who became the first of the 
family to permanently identify himself with the army of 
the nation. Naturally no Princeton lad thought of going 
elsewhere for education, and it was at the time-honored 
college of his native place that Edward Field was matric- 
ulated in 1857, and graduated in [861, just at the out- 
break of the war of the Rebellion. Always an enthusi- 
astic horseman, he lost no time in seeking service with 
the cavalry, and was commissioned second lieutenant in 
the gallant First New Jersey that won such renown in 
the old Second Division of the Cavalry Corps in the 
Army of the Potomac. Early in 1862, however, he was 
tendered an appointment in the Fourth Artillery of the 
regular army, and within a month had joined Light 
Battery " C" of that regiment just in time to embark for 
the Peninsula. 

Fair Oaks, Peach Orchard, and Savage Station gave 
him man)- an opportunity of testing the metal of which 
he was made. But White Oak Swamp was the fight 
that tried men's souls, so far at least as Battery " C" 
was concerned. For hours its eight guns were hotly 
engaged. Hazzard, its brave and impetuous commander, 
received his death-wound, and Field's comrade, Lieu- 
tenant Arthur Morris, was knocked lwrs de combat, while 
men and horses suffered severely from the deadly fire of 
the enemy. 

Antietam, Halltown, Fredericksburg, and Chancellors- 
ville were the next battles in order ; and in the last named 
Field won high credit and the thanks of General Geary 
for fighting his battery, even after it was relieved, and 
hammering the rebel infantry an entire hour at close 
range despite heavy losses. This was at the Chancellor 
House salient. 

In October, 1863, Lieutenant Field was transferred 
to Horse Battery " E" of his regiment, fighting with 
it at Buckland Mills and Raccoon Ford, following the 
'9 




cavalry on Sheridan's raid, and backing them in all 
the stirring combats at Todd's Tavern, Spottsylvania, 
and Yellow Tavern, and winning another brevet at 
Meadow Bridge, not far from the field where his first 
was gained at White ( )ak Swamp. 

The war over, the Fourth had a spell of rest and a 
hard time transforming horse-battery men into garrison 
gunners. They were sent to the Pacific coast just in 
time to be ordered into the lava beds against the Modocs, 
ami to lose four gallant officers and a score of men in 
that thankless and inglorious warfare. Field took his 
full share of the campaign ; had another touch of frontier 
duty in 1877, when sent after Chief Joseph and the Nez 
Perces, and still again was ordered down into Arizona, 
where the Apaches of the Siena Blanca had their out- 
break in 1 88 1. 

This concluded the frontier service of the Fourth, for 
the time being at least. But Field was of too active a 
temperament to stagnate in a stone fort, when once again 
they appeared on the Atlantic coast. In such time as his 
duties would permit he devoted himself to the instruction 
of the neighboring National Guardsmen, proving always 
a welcome visitor at their camps and armories. In 1882 
lie was detailed to visit and inspect the troops of Rhode 
Island; in 18X4, of New York; in 1886, of Maine; and 
his reports on their condition and efficiency were widely 
read. 

The captain has achieved literary honor in other fields, 
having been selected to deliver the Decoration Day 
address at Newport, Rhode Island, in 1882, and having 
subsequently addressed the National Guard Association 
of New York in 18S4; the West Point Association in 
July, 1882, and the Military Service Institute, at Gov- 
ernor's Island, in 1885. 

For some time past Captain Field has been stationed 
at the new Fort McPherson, close to Atlanta. 



I4'J 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY [regular) 




CAPTAIN M. J. FITZ GERALD, U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain M. J. Fitz Gerald was born in Athlone, 
County Westmeath, Ireland, September 24, 1837. He 
arrived in Baltimore, Maryland, about 1847 or 1848. 
He enlisted January 5. 1855, at Fort McHenry, Alan- 
land, and was assigned to Company E, First Artil- 
lery, at Fortress Monroe, Virginia. He was ordered to 
Florida with his company in the winter of 1855—56, and 
served during the war against Billy Bowlegs and his tribe, 
part of the time as acting hospital .steward in the field. 
1 [e was then ordered with his company to Fort Moultrie, 
South Carolina, in the fall of 1858, and performed the 
duties of hospital steward during- the epidemic of yellow 
fever at that post. I [e was promoted corporal Company 
E, First Artillery, in 1858, and discharged in November, 
[859. He re-enlisted, and was transferred to the Ord- 
nance Corps in January, [ 860, and was assigned to duty at 
['. S. Arsenal, Charleston, South Carolina, lie remained 
thereuntil the surrender of the arsenal to the State of 
South Carolina, December 30, i860 (as artificer and act- 
ing fii it sergeant of the detachment). The disagreeable 
duty devolved upon him to lower — the fust time in its 
history — our flag in the presence of trait, irs. I Ie remained 
a prisoner in the arsenal until after the firing on the "Star 
of the West," when he proceeded to the U. S. Arsenal at 
Augusta, Georgia, reporting to Captain Elsie, late Second 
U. S. Artillery. I Ie remained there until the surrender of 
the arsenal, and was then ordered to Washington D. C. I 



where he was discharged, at his own request, to enable 
him to accept a position under the State of South Caro- 
lina; but, instead, he proceeded to Fort McHenry, 
Maryland, and enlisted, and was then appointed hospital 
steward at that post. From there he was transferred, as 
chief hospital steward, to the general hospital at Fred- 
erick, Maryland, until appointed second lieutenant of the 
Ninth Infantry, and ordered to duty with his company, 
C, at San Juan Island, Washington Territory, June, 1863 ; 
he remained on duty, in joint military occupation of the 
group of islands with the British troops, until October, 
[865, when he was relieved and ordered to the Presidio 
1 'I San Francisco, California, and assigned to duty as post 
adjutant, acting commissary of subsistence, and acting 
stant quartermaster until May, 1866, when relieved 
and ordered to Fort Bidwell, California, relieving compa- 
nies of the Second California Cavalry. He commanded 
the post, consisting of Companies C, Ninth Infantry, and 
A, First Cavalry, and performed the duty of acting assist- 
ant commissaiy of subsistence and acting assistant quar- 
termaster until the middle of 1867, when he was relieved 
and ordered to the command of Fort Crook, California. 
From this point he was ordered back to Fort Bidwell 
and placed on duty as acting assistant quartermaster and 
acting assistant commissary of subsistence until Novem- 
ber, 1868, when detailed on general recruiting service, 
rejoining his regiment at Omaha Barracks, Nebraska, 
prior to its consolidation, in 1869, and assigned to Com- 
pany C, but soon transferred to Company F, and changed 
station to Sidney Barracks to command company and 
post. From this he was relieved and ordered, with his 
company, to < >maha Barracks in 1871 ; to Fort Russell, 
Wyoming Territory, in 1872; to the Sioux Reservation, 
Camps Sheridan and Robinson, Nebraska, in 1875; to 
field duty on White River, Nebraska, in 1876. 

Captain Fitz Gerald was wounded at Red Cloud Agency 
in [876. 1 Ie commanded his company in Chicago, Illinois, 
during the riots of 1877; after which he commanded the 
quartermaster's depot at Cheyenne, Wyoming Territory, 
until ordered to Fort McKinney, Washington Terri- 
tory. 

From there he was placed on the retired list in May, 
1879, on account of wounds and injuries, at his own 
request. 

He was promoted first lieutenant March 4, 1864, and 
captain December 31, 1873, and commanded companies 
from March 4, 1864, to 1868, and from 1869 to 1879. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



H7 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL DANIEL W. FLAGLER, U.S.A. 

Brigadier-General Daniel \V. Flagler (Chief of 
Ordnance) was born in New York March 24, 1835, and 
graduated at the Military Academy June 24, 1861. He 
was promoted brevet second and second lieutenant of 
ordnance the same day, and first lieutenant August 3, 
1S61, and captain March 3, 1863. He served during the 
rebellion of the seceding States, 1861 to 1866; in drill- 
ing volunteers at Washington, D. C., July 1-15, 1861 ; 
in the Manassas campaign and in the defences of Washing- 
ton July and August, 1861 : assistant ordnance officer at 
Allegheny Arsenal, Pennsylvania, and on foundry duty 
at Fort Pitt Foundry, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, inspect- 
ing ordnance for fitting out the Mississippi River Flotilla, 
August to December, 1861 ; as chief of ordnance to Gen- 
eral Burnside's Expedition to North Carolina, Decem- 
ber, 1 86 1, to August, 1862 ; in charge of transportation 
of siege-train across country, New Berne to Fort Macon, 
North Carolina, and of construction of approaches and 
batteries in front of Fort Macon, March and April, 1862 ; 
in the Maryland campaign (Army of the Potomac) as 
assistant ordnance officer and aide-de-camp September 
and October, 1862 ; as chief ordnance officer, November, 
1862, to November, 1863 ; in hospital October and No- 
vember, 1863; on inspection duty at the West Point 
Foundry, New York, November, 1863, to May, 1864; 
assistant to chief of ordnance, L T . S. A., Washington, 
D. C, May, 1864, to June, 1865, and inspecting arms, 
Army of the Potomac, February, 1865 ; in charge of 
Tredegar Iron Works, Richmond, April and May, 1S65. 

General Flagler participated in the battle of Bull Run 
July 21, 1861 ; the battle and capture of Roanoke Island 
February 7-8, 1862 ; battle of New Berne, North Carolina, 
March 14, 1862, and in command of mortar batteries in 
bombardment of Fort Macon, resulting in capture April 
26, 1862 ; engaged in the battle of South Mountain Sep- 
tember 14, 1862; battle of Antietam September 17, 1862; 
engaged in the battle of Fredericksburg December 13, 
1862 ; battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2-4, 1863, ! 
and battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1-3, 
1863. 

He was brevetted captain March 14, 1862, for gallant 
services at battle of New Berne, North Carolina ; major 
April 26, 1862, for gallant services at siege of Fort Ma- 
con, North Carolina; lieutenant-colonel March 13, 1865, 
for distinguished services in the field during the war of 
the Rebellion. 

After the war closed he was employed on a tour of 
inspection of Western arsenals, with chief of ordnance, 
U. S. A., May, 1865 ; in charge of receiving arms from 
disbanded volunteers from Delaware and Pennsylvania at 
Wilmington, Delaware, and Philadelphia and Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania, May and June, 1865 ; on special ordnance 




inspection duty in Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and 
Alabama, June to September, 1865; assistant ordnance 
officer, Watervliet Arsenal, New York, ( )ctober to De- 
cember, 1 865 ; in command of Augusta Arsenal and 
Powder- Works, Georgia, January, 1S66, to May, 1871, 
having charge also of Confederate ordnance establish- 
ments, depots, and stores, and disposal of same, at At- 
lanta, Macon, Athens, and Savannah, Georgia, January, 
1866, to January, 1869; and on special ordnance inspec- 
tion duty at Fort Fisher, North Carolina, December, 
1866; Selma, Alabama, February, 1869; and Fort 
Pickens, Florida, February, 1871 ; in command of Rock- 
Island Armory and Arsenal June, 1871, to May 31, 1886; 
member of Board on Heavy Gun- Carriages, at New 
York, January to March, 1873; special inspection of 
Fort Union Arsenal, New Mexico, with view of break- 
ing up same, September, 1880; on Board at Indianap- 
olis, Indiana, in regard to removal of Indianapolis Ar- 
senal, January, 1883; on ordnance inspection duty, San 
Antonio, Texas, Fort Lowell, Arizona, and Benicia, 
California, February and March, 1883; in command of 
Frankford Arsenal, Pennsylvania, May 31, 1886, to No- 
vember 11, 1889; president of Board on Site for Gun 
Foundry March 22 to May 14, 1887 ; president of Board 
on Comparative Merits of Morse and Service Reloading 
Cartridges, March 3 to May 1, 1888; on special duty to 
select site and make plans for Columbia Arsenal, Ten- 
nessee, May 29 to June 30, 1888; president of Board for 
Testing Rifled Cannon and Projectiles in 1889 ; in com- 
mand of Watertown Arsenal, Massachusetts, from No- 
vember 29, 1SS9, to 1 89 1. 

He was promoted major June 23, 1874; lieutenant- 
colonel August 23, 1881 ; colonel September 15, 1890; 
and was appointed brigadier-general and chief of ordnance 
January 23, 1891. 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




COLONEL DELANCEY FLOYD-JONES, U.S.A. (retired). 

Colonel Delancey Floyd-Jones was born, 1826, in 
( jueens County, State of New York. He was graduated 
at the l ! . S. Military Academy in the Class of 1S46. 
Upon graduating he was appointed to the Seventh Regi- 
ment of Infantry, then serving in Mexico under General 
Taylor, which he proceeded to join in September of that 
year. 

After a few months' service with General Taylor's 
army, he was promoted to the Fourth Regiment of In- 
fantry, which was transferred to Worth's division of ( ren- 
eial Scott's army, and formed the advance in the landing, 
and at the siege of Vera Cruz. Alter the surrender of 
that city, his company formed a part of the garrison of 
San Juan d'UHoa. 

The regiment proceeded with the army en route for the 
City nl" Mexico, and for a time formed a part of the gar- 
rison of the Castle of Perote, and the city of Puebla. 
Lieutenant Floyd-Jones took- part in the various en- 
■ ments in the Valley of Mexico, notably in the battles 
of Molino del Rey, Chapultepec, and the taking of the 
City of Mexico. For his i onduct at the battle of Molino 
del key, he was especially commended by Captain — 
afterwards General — Anderson, of Fort Sumter fame, 
on which he was brevetted first lieutenant. 

At the close ol the Mexican War he was assigned to 
duty on the Northern Lakes, and served foi a time as 
aide-de-camp to General Brady. In [852 his regiment 
transferred to the Pacini coast, via the Isthmus of 
Panama; while serving in that department he took- part 
in the war against the Rogue River Indians, a severe 
but successful campaign, lasting some six months. 

On the breaking on( of the Rebellion he was, at the 
instance of General Winfield Scott, made major of the 
Eleventh Infantry, and joined his regiment, which was 
being recruited at Fort Independence, Boston harbor. 



The regiment was made a part of the Army of the Poto- 
mac, and under his command moved with that army in 
its advance upon Yorktown, his regiment being among 
the first to open the trenches in the siege of that place. 

Colonel Floyd-Jones continued to serve with the Army 
,:i~ the Potomac and took part in the Peninsula, Man- 
assas, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and 
Gettysburg campaigns. 

1 [e was frequently commended by his brigade com- 
manders, and at the battle of Chancellorsville Colonel 
Burbank says, " Where all did so well it is difficult to 
discriminate, but I desire to mention by name the regi- 
mental commander, Major De Lancey Lloyd-Jones, Llev- 
enth Infantry, for the great coolness with which he 
commanded his regiment." 

In February, 1868, General George Sykcs, in recom- 
mending Colonel Lloyd-Jones for the brevet of brigadier- 
general, says," This officer served under my com- 
mand from March, 1S62, until the fall of 1863, and 
was present with the division of regular infantry in the 
Peninsula, Manassas, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chan- 
cellorsville, and Gettysburg campaigns of the Army of 
the Potomac. lie was often favorably mentioned in the 
reports of his brigade commander, and in the fight on the 
Old Turnpike near Chancellorsville on the 1st of May, 
1S63, distinguished himself at the head of his regiment. 

"As commander of the Fifth Corps I had the oppor- 
tunity to observe the zeal of Colonel Lloyd-Jones in the 
campaign and battle of Gettysburg, and for these special 
instances and his services during the Rebellion respect- 
fully recommend him for the brevet of brigadier-general 
in the army. 

"Colonel Floyd-Jones is one of the few officers of his 
grade who have not yet received this recognition of his 
services, and when so many have received it, whose 
duties in the field are not to be mentioned with those of 



< olonel Floyd 

held from him 

(Signed) 



■Jones, I think- it should no longer be with- 



" George Sykes, 
" Lieutenant- Colonel Fifth Infantry, 
" Brevet Major-General U.S.A." 
The colonel has been three times brevetted for gallant 
conduct in battle, viz. : First lieutenant for Molino del 
Rey, Mexico; lieutenant-colonel for the Peninsula cam- 
paign, Virginia, and colonel for the battle of Gettysburg, 
Pennsylvania. Much of Colonel Floyd- Jones's service 
has been on the Western frontier. He retired from 
active duty in 1879, after thirty-three years' service, nine- 
teen of which was in the Indian country. He is a mem- 
ber of the well-known family of Lloyd-Jones, of Long 
Island, and has his home at South Oyster Bay, Long Isl- 
and. I fe has travelled extensively, and an outline of his 
journey around the woild, made in 1885-86, has been 
published, under the title of " Letters from the Far East." 



WHO SERVED I IV THE CIVIL WAR. 



149 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER CHARLES W. FLUSSER, 

U.S.N, (deceased). 

Lieutenant-Commander Charles W. Flusser was a 
native of Maryland, but was appointed midshipman from 
Kentucky in July, 1847. Of this date, not a large one, 
three members were killed in battle during the Civil 
War, — Cummings, Gwin, and Flusser. 

The latter was commissioned lieutenant in September, 
1855, and lieutenant-commander in July, 1862. 

During his early years of service on the Home Sta- 
tion, the Brazils, the East Indies, and elsewhere, his 
career was that usual to the junior naval officer. He 
was always noted for attention to duty, and a quiet, con- 
tained manner, approaching reticence in personal inter- 
course. But those who knew him well also knew that 
his quiet demeanor concealed a warm heart and a gallant 
spirit. 

When the expedition to Roanoke Island was in course 
of preparation, Flusser was ordered there in command 
of the " Commodore Pern - ," a side-wheel steamer with 
four heavy guns. Roanoke Island was the grand 
strategic point for the North Carolina Sounds, and the 
preparations on both sides showed the importance 
attached to that position. The success was complete on 
both land and shore ; and in the chase of the rebel flotilla 
their flag-ship " Sea-Bird" was run into and sunk by 
Flusser in the " Commodore Perry," who took as pris- 
oners nearly all her officers and crew. In July, in com- 
mand of three light-draught vessels with a company of 
soldiers on board, he made a reconnoissance of the Ro- 
anoke River, and fell under a sustained and. galling fire 
of concealed riflemen on the banks. Flusser had been 
ordered to go to a certain point, — and he did it, in spite 
of the opposition of fire, which he could not return with- 
out delay. He reached his point and carried off the 
steamer " Nelson," belonging to the Confederacy. He 
returned with one killed and ten wounded, having 
accomplished his mission. 

His fight at Franklin, on the Blackwater River, on 
the 3d of October, deserves to be read in full. After 
getting up the river, Flusser did not wait for the co-oper- 
ating troops, but pushed on, to find a terrific fire from 
concealed riflemen on the banks, which made the work- 
ing of the guns most difficult. Flusser was a particu- 
larly cool and daring man, and finding himself in a trap 
determined to fight it out until the troops came up. 
He threw Xl.-inch shell into Franklin, and with his 32- 
pounder he poured grape and canister into the woods. 




With another 32-pounder he fought mi the other side, 
— and with his IX. -inch gun he shelled the strongest 
position of the enemy. Till this time his guns' crews 
were exposed to a hot rifle-fire which came from con- 
cealed positions. The enemy had cut trees down across 
the narrow river behind him, but, " neck or nothing," he 
got round, put on steam, and pierced his way through 
and over the obstruction. In all these enterprises in the 
Sounds he was a leading spirit. In many of them little 
was to be gained but hard knocks, — yet he was always 
ready. "He was a terror to the marauding troops of 
the enemy, who made a note of all his movements." 

On the 1 8th of April, 1864, after a heavy fight about 
Plymouth, North Carolina, in which both army and 
navy were concerned, the " Miami" and " Southfield," 
being under Flusser's command, were anchored below 
the town to prevent a flank movement of the Confederates. 
Just then the news was received that the ram " Albe- 
marle" was on her way down, and the two vessels were 
chained together to meet her. In less than five minutes 
the collision occurred. The ram struck the " Miami" 
on the port bow, and the " Southfield" on the starboard 
bow, causing the latter to sink rapidly. Both vessels 
were firing into the ram with their 100-pounder rifles, 
and XL-inch Dahlgren guns, but apparently made no 
impression, although alongside. Flusser fired the first 
three shots himself, the third shot being a ten-second 
Dahlgren XL-inch shell. Directly after this shot Flusser 
was killed by a fragment of a shell, — -whether from the 
ram, or from the one from the " Miami" rebounding, is 
doubtful. 



ISO 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




COMMANDHR WILLIAM M. FOLGER, U.S.N. 

Commander William M. Folger is a native of Ohio, 

and was appointed a midshipman from that State in 
September, 1861. He remained at the Naval Academy 
until November 22, 1864. He was then attached to the 
receiving-ship " North Carolina," at New York, and the 
school-ship " Sabine," New London, from February to 
JuK - , 1865. He then made a three-years' cruise in the 
steam-sloop " Hartford," flag-ship of the Asiatic Squad- 
ron. Promoted to lieutenant March ir, 1868, and com- 
missioned lieutenant-commander in December of the same 



year. After being stationed at the Norfolk Navy- Yard, 
he was ordered to the flag-ship " Franklin," of the Euro- 
pean Squadron, and served in that vessel, and in others of 
that squadron, from 1868 to 1872. Upon his return to the 
Linked States he was upon ordnance duty for two years. 
In 1875-76 he was on leave of absence in luirope, and 
during 1877 was attached to the steam-sloop " Marion," 
on the European Station. From 1887 to 1S89 he was 
on duty at the Naval Academy at Annapolis; and then 
made a cruise in the " Swatara," of the Asiatic Squad- 
ron. In 1882 he was attached to the Bureau of Ord- 
nance, Navy Department; and was then for three years 
upon ordnance duty at Annapolis, when the naval prov- 
ing and experimental ordnance work was carried on. 

He was promoted to be commander in March, 18S5, 
and commanded the " Quinnebaug," on the European 
Station, during 1886-88. After his return he was in- 
spector of ordnance at the navy-yard at Washington 
from 1888 to 1890. In the last named year he was 
appointed and confirmed by the Senate as Chief of the 
Bureau of Ordnance, with rank of commodore, which 
office he fills at present. Commodore Folger has been 
for several years identified with the extensive and im- 
portant work connected with the new ordnance provided 
for the navy, and the establishment of the plant neces- 
sary for making the same; as well as with the ex- 
haustive trials of armor-plate of various descriptions. 
In this way his name has become familiar to scientific 
engineers, as well as to military and naval men of all 
countries. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



i5i 



SURGEON-GENERAL JONATHAN M. EOLTZ, U.S.N. 
(deceased). 

Surgeon-General Jonathan M. Foltz was born in 
Pennsylvania, and entered the service from Maryland, as 
assistant surgeon, in April, 183 1. He first served in 
the frigate " Potomac," on the Pacific Station, and upon 
his return home was attached to the Medical Bureau, 
and to the navy-yard at Washington. He received his 
commission as surgeon in December, 1838, and was in 
charge of the United States Naval Hospital at Port 
Mahon during the years 1839-40. He afterwards made 
a three years' cruise on the Brazil Station, in the frigate 
" Raritan." He was attached to the Washington Navy- 
Yard in 1850; and from 185 1 to 1854 served in the 
"Jamestown," on the coast of Brazil. His next service 
was at the Rendezvous at Philadelphia, and at the Naval 
Asylum in the same city. 

After a short service in the steam-frigate " Niagara," 
he was, on the formation of Farragut's fleet for the 
capture of New Orleans, ordered as fleet-surgeon. Dur- 
ing all Farragut's actions in 1862-63, he occupied the 
post of fleet-surgeon, a most responsible and onerous one. 

In 1864-66 he was a member of the Board of Exami- 
ners, and president of the board in 1867. When Farra- 
gut went upon his European cruise in 1868-69, Foltz 
was again his fleet-surgeon. He was commissioned 
medical director in March, 1871, and was chief of the 
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, 1871-73. 

He died in Philadelphia in April, 1887. Dr. Foltz 
was a man who impressed all with whom he came in 
contact as a thorough-going and reliable person. He had 
no hobbies in his professional views, which were sound 




and sensible, without pretension. When President Bu- 
chanan was in the White House, and became indisposed 
or ill, his first act was to send for Foltz, who was stationed 
in Philadelphia at the time Mr. Buchanan was in the 
presidential chair : so Farragut came to rely upon him, 
and with reason. When the admiral became ill while 
on his travel in Europe, during his last cruise, he 
hastened back to the " Franklin," at Spezzia, for the care 
which he required. The estimation in which Dr. Foltz 
was held by his townsmen of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 
was evidenced by an immense attendance upon his funeral 
in that ancient city, where his remains lie close to those 
of Reynolds, a townsman, and the hero and martyr of 
the first day of Gettysburg. 



1^2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL ANDREW HULL FOOTE, U.S.N. 
(deceasi d). 

Rear-Admiral Andrew Hull Foote was born in 
Connecticut 12th September, 1806. He was a son of 
S. A. Foote, United States Senator. Foote entered the 
navy as a midshipman in 1822, and served under the 
elder Porter in breaking up the piratical haunts in the 
West Indies. He became lieutenant in 1830. In [849- 
50-5 1, while in command of the" Perry," he did effective 
service in the suppression of the African .slave-trade. In 
1856 he was in China, in command of the "Plymouth," 
during hostilities between the Chinese and the English. 
While protecting American property he was fired upon 
by the forts on Canton River. Lie obtained permission 
from Commodore Armstrong to demand an apology, and, 
when this was refused, he attacked the forts, four in 
number, with the sloops "Portsmouth" and "Levant," 
breached the largest, and carried them by storm. His 
lo was forty, that of the enemy four hundred. When 
the Civil War began he was selected to command the 
flotilla forming upon the Western waters. It was most 



exacting duty, and he himself said the hardest he ever 
performed. In February, 1862, having a number of 
vessels in readiness, he moved against Fort Henry, in 
. connection with General Grant's forces, had a hotly- 
contested engagement, and carried the fort before the 
army got up. His conduct on this, as on other occa- 
sions, was conspicuously fine. A few days after Fort 
Donelson was attacked by the united forces, ami, dur- 
ing a prolonged engagement, had several of his vessels 
disabled and was himself wounded. In conjunction with 
General Lope he next operated against Island No. 10, 
the strong works there surrendering to him on April 7. 
His wound, which his impetuous spirit had caused him 
to neglect, now became so troublesome that he was 
forced to give up his command. In June he received 
the thanks of Congress, and was made a rear-admiral. 
I le was also appointed chief of the Bureau of Equipment 
and Recruiting. In June, 1863, he was selected to suc- 
ceed Rear-Admiral Dupont in command of the fleet off 
Charleston; but, while on his way to assume this com- 
mand, he died at New York June 26, 1863. He was 
a man of a high type of Christian character, with most 
genial and lovable traits, but uncompromisingly firm in 
his principles, especially in regard to temperance reform 
in the navy, where he was the means of abolishing the 
spirit-ration. Admiral Smith said of him: "Rear- 
Admiral Foote's character is well known in the navy. 
One ot the strongest traits was great persistence in any- 
thing he undertook . . . He was truly a pious man, 
severely an honest man, and a philanthropist of the first 
order. He was one of our foremost navy officers — none 
before him." By his being the first to break the Con- 
federate line of defence, in an hour of great depression. 
he raised the hope and prestige of success. Courageous 
and successful, he was thoroughly devoted to his pro- 
fession, and united the characteristics of both the new and 
old schools of the navy. 

He wrote "Africa and the American Flag," which 
was published in 1 S 3 4 , and excited much attention at 
the time. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



153 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES FORNEY, U.S.M.C. 

Lieutenant-Colonel James Forney (United States 
Marine Corps) was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, on 
January 17, 1 844, the son of J. W. Forney. 

Colonel Forney was commissioned a second lieuten- 
ant March 1, 1861, and served on board the flag-ship 
"Roanoke;" became a first lieutenant in September; 
was in command of the Marine Barracks at Washing- 
ton ; was in command of the Marine Barracks at Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire; ordered to the steam-sloop 
" Brooklyn," West Gulf Squadron, and in her partici- 
pated in the capture of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 
and the city of New Orleans. In the official report is 
stated, " Lieutenant James Forney, commanding marines, 
had two guns assigned him, and, with his men, fought 
most gallantly." Admiral Farragut detailed him to go 
on shore and raise the flag on the Custom-House of 
New Orleans. It was the first hoisted there, and he 
brought off the Confederate flag, and delivered it to 
Captain Craven, of the " Brooklyn." For these services 
he was brevetted a captain. While attached to the West 
Gulf Squadron he participated in the actions at Clial- 
mette, Port Hudson, Grand Gulf, first and second attacks 
on Vicksburg, Donaldsonville, Bayou Sara, and Galves- 
ti in, Texas. At Brazos Santiago he cut out and captured 
four vessels, with valuable cargoes, from under the rebel 
batteries. He was commissioned captain in April, 
1864. 

In July of that year, when a Confederate army under 
Early threatened the capital, Forney had command of 
the troops at Havre de Grace, Maryland. General French, 
in his report of the ensuing operations, writes thus : "The 
army of the Confederates, under Jubal Early, was at the 
gates of Washington ; communication with the northern 
cities was cut off; Gilmore's cavalry had captured a 
passenger train (made prisoner of General Franklin) 
and then destroyed it, and burned the bridge over Gun- 
powder River. The War Department shared in these 
fears of disaster, and, by telegraph, all the available 
troops at the West were ordered to assemble at Havre 
de Grace, Maryland. At the same time a despatch 
requested me to assume command of them. In less 
than eight hours' time three thousand men had reported, 
of all arms of the service. Captain Forney was first on 
the ground, with a splendid battalion of troops of the 
Marine Corps, and eight field howitzers. These troops 
were at once advanced ; a part covered the reconstruction 
of the bridges, and others were made to demonstrate 
upon the rebel rear and flanks, preparatory to an advance. 
The same day the travel through to Baltimore was opened. 
Early, threatened in every direction, fell back." 

For this duty Captain Forney received the brevet of 
lieutenant-colonel, " for meritorious services in defeating 
a rebel raid at Gunpowder Bridge." 
20 




After the war Forney served in the flag-ship " Hart- 
ford," in the Asiatic Squadron, as fleet marine officer, 
from 1865 to 1868. During an unusually severe and 
exhausting expedition in the Island of Formosa, in June, 
1867, he commanded the marines. The climate, the 
nature of the ground, and the bush-fighting of the natives 
rendered this service a particularly trying one. He was 
recognized by a brevet of major "for gallant and meri- 
torious services in the action with the savages at Formosa, 
June 13, 1867." 

In October, 1870, Colonel Forney commanded the 
marines in the riots which took place in Philadelphia in 
consequence of the enforcement of the Fifteenth Amend- 
ment, being the first vote of the colored population. 

Aided the revenue officers in the task of breaking 
up illicit distillation in Philadelphia ; and in September 
of 1873 joined the " Minnesota" steam-frigate. 

In 1875 and 1876 he was fleet marine officer of the 
North Pacific Squadron; in August, 1876, assumed the 
command of the marines at League Island, and in 
1877-78 commanded the marines at Norfolk, Virginia. 
In the summer of 1877, during the labor riots, he com- 
manded the second battalion of marines, who were com- 
plimented in general orders by the Secretary of the 
Navy and by General Hancock. Colonel Barry, of the 
Second Artillery, brevet major-general commanding, 
says : 

" On relieving the marines from further duty under my 
command, I shall express the opinion of Major-General 
Hancock, and shall find great pleasure in giving expres- 
sion also to my own conviction, 'that the services and 
military appearance and conduct of the battalion of 
Luiited States marines, commanded by Captain Forney, 
have been such, while serving in this command, as to 
entitle them to commendation and thanks.' " 

In command at League Island, Pennsylvania. 



154 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




COMMANDHR J. M. FORSYTH, U.S.N. 

Commander James McQueen Forsyth was born 
on Long Island, Bahamas, January I, 1S42. He came 
to Philadelphia when eleven years old, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools of that city. At the age 
of fifteen he went to sea in the merchant service, and 
then, before he was twenty years of age, on August I, 
1 861, entered the naval service as a volunteer, under 
Commander H. S. Stellwagen, who appointed him 
second-class pilot for the Hatteras Expedition, and who 
favorably mentioned him in his report of the capture 
of Forts Clark and Hatteras. In September, 1861, he 
was made acting master's mate, and served thenceforth 
in various grades through the war, in the North and 
South Atlantic and the West Gulf Squadrons. He was 
present in the engagements under Farragut from Forts 
Jackson and St. Philip to Vicksburg, the fight at Grand 
Gulf, and the engagements with the rebel ram "Arkan- 
sas." For good service in these actions he was made 
acting ensign in September, 1862; was then attached 
to the " Water-Witch," " Pawnee," and monitor " Nan- 
tucket," of the South Atlantic Squadron ; took part in 
expeditions up St. John's River, and various engagements 
with Sumter, Moultrie, and other works at Charleston. 
Promoted to acting master August 1, 1864. He was one 
of the officers detailed to take north the captured rebel 
ram "Columbia," in May. 1865. From 1865 to 1868 



served as navigator and executive-officer of the " Nyack," 
of the Pacific Squadron. 

Commissioned as master in the regular navy March, 
1868, and as lieutenant December 18, 1868. During 
1868 and 1869 he was executive-officer of the " Pur- 
veyor," on special service. After duty on board the 
receiving-ship " Potomac," he became navigator and 
executive-officer of the iron-clad " Saugus," of the North 
Atlantic Squadron, and then executive-officer of the iron- 
clad " Ajax." He was next stationed at the navy-yard 
at Philadelphia from May, 1871, to December, 1872, and 
then joined the " Supply" as executive-officer. This 
vessel was employed on special service in connection with 
the Vienna Exposition from January to December, 1873. 
For some months after this, Lieutenant Forsyth was 
stationed at the Philadelphia Navy- Yard. From March, 
1874, to February, 1877, he was navigating officer of the 
" Powhatan," North Atlantic Station. Ill health caused 
him to take three months' sick-leave, but he was ordered 
to the course in torpedo instruction that summer, and for 
the rest of 1877 and the whole of 1878 he was on duty 
at League Island. He was promoted lieutenant-com- 
mander May 9, 1878; served as executive-officer of the 
"Constellation" in her special service of Irish relief, 
March to June, 1880, and then was for some months 
upon " waiting orders." In 1 88 1 , after three months' ser- 
vice in the receiving-ship " Colorado," he was ordered 
to the " Lancaster," of the Mediterranean Squadron, as 
navigating and executive-officer, where he remained until 
September, 1884. The " Lancaster" was flag-ship during 
this period. 

Lieutenant-Commander Forsyth was on leave from 
November, 1884, to April, 1885, when he was ordered to 
League Island as ordnance officer, and remained there 
until June, 1886. At that date he was ordered to the 
U. S. Naval Home as assistant to the executive-officer, 
and remained on that duty until Jul)-, 1889. He was 
promoted to be commander February 14, 18S9. 

Commander Forsyth was ordered to the command of 
the school-ship " Saratoga," but the orders were revoked 
at his own request, and he was then detailed for the 
command of the " Tallapoosa," of the Brazil Squadron. 
This vessel was condemned and sold on the station in 
the early spring of 1S92, and Commander Forsyth re- 
turned to the United States bv mail-steamer. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



1 55 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ROYAL T. FRANK, U.S.A. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Royal T. Frank (Second Ar- 
tillery) was born in Gray, Cumberland County, Maine, 
May 6, 1836, his ancestors being among the pioneer 
settlers of that State. He was appointed to the Military 
Academy at West Point in 1854, and, graduating four 
years later, was assigned to the Eighth Infantry, which 
he joined in New Mexico in 1859. In the following 
summer he participated in a campaign against the Kiowa 
and Comanche Indians of that Territory, and on the 
23d of July, while in command of Companies E and K 
of his regiment, was engaged in a severe skirmish with 
a largely superior number of those Indians near Hatch's 
Ranch, New Mexico. His prompt and soldier-like con- 
duct in that affair was highly commended by the depart- 
ment commander, and was mentioned in orders from the 
head-quarters of the army announcing the operations of 
that year. 

He was promoted first lieutenant May 14, 1861, and 
in May, 1861, while en route with a battalion of his regi- 
ment under the command of Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 
J. V. D. Reeves, from El Paso, Texas, to the coast, he 
was surrendered a prisoner of war near San Antonio, 
and was held a prisoner in Texas until exchanged in 
February, 1862, when he rejoined his regiment in the 
defences of Washington, having been promoted captain 
February 27, 1862. 

He was in the field with the Army of the Potomac, 
and during the Peninsula campaign was on provost duty 
at the head-quarters of that army. I le commanded his 
regiment during the Maryland and Rappahannock cam- 
paign, and was on duty with it during the Gettysburg 
campaign. From 1864 to 1866 was acting assistant 
adjutant-general of the general recruiting service. He 
was made brevet major for gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices during the Peninsula campaign, and brevet lieu- 
tenant-colonel for gallant and meritorious services in the 
battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia. 

After the war he was on duty in the South, and during 
the reconstruction period commanded the posts or dis- 
tricts of Wilmington, North Carolina, and Darlington, 
South Carolina, and subsequently was in command at 




several other posts until December, 1870, when he was 
transferred to the First Artillery. With that regiment 
he served at various points, North and South, and was 
engaged with it at different times in suppressing civil 
disturbances incident to the internal revenue laws, the 
political troubles in the South in 1876, and the labor 
troubles in Pennsylvania in 1877. In the performance 
of these duties he was in command at several important 
points, and was mentioned in the reports of General 
Hancock and others for especially valuable services. In 
1 88 1 his regiment was transferred to the Pacific coast, 
where he served until 1886, commanding the posts of 
Alcatraz Island and Fort Point, San Francisco harbor. 
In June he was ordered to Fort Monroe, Virginia, and 
assigned to duty at the Artillery School as superintendent 
of the departments of engineering, law, and military art ; 
subsequently as senior instructor in the latter depart- 
ment. In November, 1888, he was assigned to the com- 
mand of the Artillery School and of the post of Fort 
Monroe. 

Colonel Frank was transferred from the Infantry to the 
First Artillery as a captain December 15, 1870. He was 
promoted major January 2, 1881, and lieutenant-colonel 
of the Second Artillery January 25, 1889. 



1 5 6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




RKAR-ADMIRAL SAMUEL R. FRANKLIN, U.S.N. 

(Kl TIKI D). 

Rear-Admiral Samuel R. Franklin was bom in Penn- 
sylvania, and appointed midshipman from that State, 
February 18, 1841. First served on the frigate "United 
States," in the Pacific, and then in the " Relief," store- 
ship. Present at the demonstration upon Monterey, 
when no resistance was offered, and the place was occu- 
pied without a battle. Midshipman Franklin was de- 
tained abroad by the event, and was not ordered to the 
Naval School until 1847. Passed midshipman August 
10, 1847. Served in razee " Independence," Mediter- 
ranean, for three years, and on the Coast Survey for two 
years. Commissioned lieutenant September 14, 1855; 
Naval Academy, 1855-56; sloop "Falmouth," Pra7.il 
Squadron, 1857-59; sloop" Macedonian," Home Squad- 
ron, 1859-60; sloop " Dakota," Atlantic cast, 1861-62. 
When the" Merrimac" came out, on the 8th March, 1862, 
Lieutenant Franklin was a volunteer on board the 
"Roanoke" at the time the "Congress'' and "Cumber- 
land" were destroyed. The " Roanoke" was engaged 
with the batteries at Sewell's Point, but grounded soon 
.ifter, and was not fairly in action with the rebel iron- 
clad. July [6, [862, was commissioned as lieutenant- 
commander, and ordered to command "Aroostook," 



gun-boat, James River Flotilla. In 1863 proceeded in 
same vessel to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron ; 
was upon special duty in New Orleans in 1864; chief 
of staff of West Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Bell, 
Palmer, and Thatcher ; was the naval representative in 
the demand for the surrender of the city of Mobile, in 
the spring of [865. After the war commanded "Sagi- 
naw," North Pacific Squadron, 1866-67; on special duty 
in regard to laying a cable across Bering's Straits. 

Commissioned commander September, 1866; ordnance 
duty, navy-yard, California, 1868-69. In 1869-70 com- 
manded " Mohican," North Pacific Squadron, and took 
the scientific party to Plover Bay, Siberia, to observe the 
total eclipse of the sun. 

Equipment duty, Mare Island Navy-Yard, 1870-72; 
commissioned captain August 13, 1872; commanded 
"Wabash," European Station, 1873; also served as chief 
of staff to Admiral Case. When the flag was shifted 
to the " Franklin," Captain Franklin commanded her, 
and was chief of staff to Rear-Admiral Worden ; presi- 
dent of Board for Promotion of Officers, navy-yard, Nor- 
folk, 1877; promoted to commodore May 1881 ; special 
duty, Washington, 1881—83; previous to which served 
as hydrographer to the Bureau of Navigation ; superin- 
tendent of Naval Observatory, 1884-85. In that posi- 
tion represented United States of Colombia in the In- 
ternational Conference to establish a prime meridian ; 
promoted rear-admiral January, 1885; ordered to com- 
mand of European Station February, 1885, with " Pensa- 
cola" as flag-ship. Remained on that station until re- 
lieved, and retired, under operation of the law, in Au- 
gust, 1887. 

.Although Admiral Franklin was on the retired list, 
he was, in February, 1889, appointed by President Cleve- 
land as one of the delegates on the part of the United 
States to the International Marine Conference, and was 
chosen president of that body upon its assembly at 
Washington, on October 16, 1889. Admiral Franklin 
had two brothers in the army. One was the very dis- 
tinguished General William B. Franklin, the commander 
of an army corps of the Army of the Potomac. The 
other, younger, was in the Twelfth Infantry, and resigned, 
soon after the late war, to engage in the superintendence 
of extensive iron-works. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



'57 



COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM 
B. FRANKLIN, U.S.A. 

Colonel and Brevet Major-General William B. 
Franklin was born in Pennsylvania, and graduated at 
the Military Academy July i, 1843. He was promoted 
brevet second lieutenant of the Topographical Engi- 
neers in 1845 ; he was detailed as topographical officer on 
General Kearney's expedition to the South Pass of the 
Rocky Mountains, in the same year. 

Promoted second lieutenant in the same corps Septem- 
ber 21, 1846, he served in the war with Mexico, partici- 
pating in General Wool's march through Coahuila during 
1846-47, being engaged in the battle of Buena Vista 
February 22-23, l %47> anc ' brevetted first lieutenant for 
this engagement " for gallant and meritorious conduct." 

On Jul)- 21, 1848, Lieutenant Franklin was ordered to 
the Military Academy as assistant professor of natural 
and experimental philosophy, which he retained until 
January 9, 1852. 

He was promoted first lieutenant March 3, 1853, and 
captain in his corps July 1, 1857, was secretary of the 
Light-House Board from March 3, 1857, until November 
1, 1S59, when he was detailed as superintending engineer 
in charge of the extension of the capitol (including the 
new dome), and of the General Post-Office at Washing- 
ton, D. C, until March 3, 1861, when he was made chief 
of the Construction Bureau of the U. S. Treasury De- 
partment and superintending engineer of the Treasury 
Building Extension until May 14, [861, at which date he 
was appointed colonel of the Twelfth U. S. Infantry. 

Colonel Franklin was appointed brigadier-general of 
volunteers May 17, [861, and was engaged at New York 
City until June 30, 1 86 1, in receiving and forwarding 
volunteers. He then entered the field, ami was in com- 
mand of a brigade in the Manassas campaign, being 
engaged in the battle of first Bull Run July 21, 1861. 
He was placed in command at Alexandria, Virginia, 
August 1, 1 861, and from September 1, 1861, to March, 
1862, was in command of a division in the defences of 
Washington. He entered on the Peninsula campaign 
with the Army of the Potomac, in command of a divi- 
sion, in March, 1862, and was assigned to the command 
of the Sixth Army Corps in the following May, which 
he retained until August, 1862, being engaged in the 
siege of Yorktown, combat of West Point, Virginia (in 
command); action at Golding's Farm, battle of White 
Oak Bridge, battle of Savage Station, battle of Malvern 
Hill, and skirmish at Harrison's Landing. 

Appointed major-general of volunteers July 4, 1862, 
and participated in the Maryland campaign, being en- 
gaged (in command) at the battle of Crampton's Gap, 
South Mountain ; and was also engaged at the battle 
of Antietam, September 17, 1862. After McClellan's re- 




lief from the command of the Army of the Potomac, he 
was placed in command of the Left Grand Division 
(First and Sixth Corps) of the Army of the Potomac to 
January 24, 1863, having been engaged in the battle of 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 11- 14, 1862; was 
on waiting orders to June 27, 1863, when he was ordered 
to the Department of the Gulf, being in command of the 
troops in and about Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to August 
15, 1863, when he commanded the expedition to Sabine 
Pass, Texas, and was in command of the Nineteenth 
Army Corps, and of the troops in Western Louisiana, 
and took part in the Red River Expedition, being en- 
gaged in the battle of Sabine Cross-Roads, April 8, 1864, 
where he was wounded, but, continuing on duty, was in 
the battle of Pleasant Hill, April 9, 1864, and action of 
Monette's Crossing of Cane River, April 23, 1864. 

While on sick-leave from April 29 to December 2, 
1S64, he was captured by rebel raiders in the Philadel- 
phia and Baltimore Railroad cars, July 11, 1864, but 
escaped during the next night; was president of board 
for retiring disabled officers, at Wilmington, to Novem- 
ber 10, 1865, when he was granted leave of absence to 
March 15, 1866, when he resigned from the army, 
having resigned his volunteer commission November 10, 
1865. March 13, 1865, he was brevetted major-general 
U. S. Army " for gallant and meritorious services in the 
field during the Rebellion." 

Upon entering civil life, General Franklin became gen- 
eral agent of Colt's Fire-Arms Mf. Co., at Hartford, Conn., 
from November 15, 1865. He is the only citizen of the 
United States upon whom has been conferred the French 
decoration of "Grand Officier de la Legion d'Honneur." 
Has been President of the Board of Managers of the 
National House for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers since 
April 21, 1880. 



1 5 8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR HENRY BLANCHARD FREEMAN, U.S.A. 

Major Henry Blanchard Freeman (Sixteenth In- 
fantry) was born in Ohio January 17, 1837. At the com- 
mencement of the war of the Rebellion he entered the 
regular service as private in Company B, Second Battalion, 
Eighteenth Infantry, July 8, 1861 ; was promoted first 
sergeant, and was discharged November 4. 1861 , to accept 
the appointment of second lieutenant of the Eighteenth 
Infantry to date from October 30, 1861. 

1 le served in the Army of the Cumberland in 1862-63, 
and was engaged in siege of Corinth, Perryville, Ken- 
tucky, Hoover's Gap, Tennessee, Monroe Cross Ro 
North Carolina, cavalry combat at Solemn Grove, North 
1 arolina, and the battles of Murfreesborough and 
Chickamauga. He was made prisoner of war in Sep- 
tember, [863, and escaped from Libby prison, Rich- 
mond, through the famous tunnel, February 14, 1864, 
but was recaptured three days later on Appomattox 
River, above City Point. He was one of the officers 
placed under the fire from Union batteries at Charleston, 
South Carolina, in August, 1864. He again escaped 
from a railway train on the Savannah and Charleston 
Railroad, the same month, but surrendered to avoid star- 



vation. In November, 1864, he escaped from prison, Camp 
Sorghum, near Columbia, South Carolina, in November, 
1S64, and was recaptured ten days later. For the fourth 
time he escaped from prison at Columbia, South Caro- 
lina, February 14, 1S65, and joined General Sherman's 
army, and was with the Seventeenth Corps from that date 
to April, 1865, when he was on duty with the head- 
quarter.-, of Kilpatrick's Cavalry Corps, from Winsbor- 
ough, South Carolina, to Fayetteville, North Carolina. 

He was promoted first lieutenant May 30, 1862, and 
captain J Lily 28, 1866, and received the brevets of cap- 
tain December 31, 1862, for "gallant and meritorious 
services in the battle of Murfreesborough., Tennessee;" 
and major September 20, 1 863, for "gallant and meri- 
torious services in the battle of Chickamauga, Georgia." 

Lieutenant Freeman was adjutant of the First Battal- 
ion of the Eighteenth Infantry from March 16, 1863 
to November 1, 1865, and was acting assistant adjutant- 
general of the Seventeenth Army Corps from February 
14, 1865 to April, 1865. 

Captain Freeman served with his regiment on the 
frontier in the Department of the Platte at Forts Phil 
Kearney and Reno from 1 866 to 1869, and was on the 
Republican River campaign of the latter year. Depart- 
ment of Dakota from April, 1870, to 1882. He com- 
manded two companies and a detachment of the Seventh 
Infantry against the half breeds on Milk River, Montana, 
in the fall of 1871, and then was stationed at Camp 
Baker, Montana, to July, 1875. He was in command of 
six companies of the Seventh Infantry in the Sioux cam- 
paign of 1876, and commanded the escort to the Sitting 
Bull Commission to Fort Walsh, Canada, in 1877. He 
was in command of the troops at Rock Springs, Wyo- 
ming, from July 13, 1887, to September 20, 1889, and 
was then detailed on special recruiting service at St. Paul, 
Minnesota, December 16, 1890, when he was detailed as 
a member of the board to select a magazine-gun for the 
army, on which duty he is at present in New York 
City. 

He was promoted major of infantry June 19, iS9i,and 
assigned to the Sixteenth Regiment. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



159 



MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN CHARLES FREMONT, U.S.A.. 
F.R.G.S. (deceased). 

Major- General John Charles Fremont, F.R.G.S., 
Chevalier of the Prussian " Order of Merit," etc., was 
of Huguenot parentage on his father's side, and con- 
nected with the Washington family on his mother's. He 
received from the Charleston College the degree of 
Bachelor and Master of Arts ; his mathematical attain- 
ments especially fitted him for his after-life. In 1838 he 
was appointed second lieutenant Topographical Engi- 
neers, U.S.A., and was Nicollet's assistant in the two 
explorations north of the Missouri in 1838-39. After 
the second of these he married Jessie Benton, daughter 
of Senator Thomas H. Benton. In 1S42 he made the 
first of the great explorations in the then unmapped 
West, and continued them through the years 1842, 
1843-44, 1845-46-47, 1848-49, 1853-54. The third 
resulted in the conquest of California by Captain Fre- 
mont, to whom the government sent as special messenger 
Lieutenant Archibald Gillespie, with instructions that 
the President intended to take possession of California. 
Captain Fremont was the only army officer then in that 
Mexican province, and he acted for his government. 

Later, General Kearney attempted to supersede Com- 
modore Stockton, the provisional military governor. 
Failing this, he ordered Captain Fremont to desert 
Stockton. Captain Fremont refused, and was court- 
martialled, being thus kept from the command of his 
regiment during the Mexican War. He was sentenced to 
dismissal, but the President disapproved of and re- 
mitted the sentence. Colonel Fremont considered the 
sentence unjust, and resigned. Lie had previously re- 
ceived a double brevet at the instigation of General 
Scott, and had been appointed military governor of Cali- 
fornia. He then made the exploration of 1848-49, in 
which one-third of the party died from exposure and 
starvation. He was appointed by the government com- 
missioner to run the boundary between the United States 
and Mexico ; and, later, elected first V. S. Senator from 
California to Congress. In 1853 he made his last 
exploration across the Rocky Mountains ; the last two 
explorations were made at his own expense. In 1856 he 
was nominated for the Presidency by the just-formed 
Republican part)', which was defeated. He was in Eng- 
land at the breaking out of the war in 1861 ; offered his 
services, and commenced buying arms for the govern- 
ment on his own credit and responsibility ; received his 
appointment as major-general in the regular army and 
was assigned to command the Western Department. He 
was given by President Lincoln unlimited powers in his 
own department. In three months he organized and 
equipped one hundred thousand men, having to buy and 
manufacture most of the weapons and clothing. He 
recognized the abilities of L T . S. Grant, and gave him his 




first independent command, against the advice of those 
who had known Captain Grant, and after the War 1 tepart- 
ment and General McClellan had refused to do so. He 
was the first to build iron-clad gun-boats. August 30, 
1861, General Fremont issued his proclamation, emanci- 
pating the slaves of rebels in his department. He cleared 
Missouri of rebels, but, owing to political influences, 
General Fremont was superseded by Hunter on the eve 
of battle. Hunter immediately retreated from a far in- 
ferior force, his trains and rear-guard suffering severe- 
loss at the rebels' hands. General Fremont was then 
placed in command of the Mountain Department, Vir- 
ginia, and came in on Jack-son's rear during the latter's 
retreat down the Valley of the Shenandoah in [862, pur- 
suing him for six days, and fighting a battle with ten thou- 
sand five hundred men against Jackson's seventeen thou- 
sand, the forces under Fremont remaining on the field. 

Serious political and personal controversy between 
Fremont and Lincoln caused the latter to refuse Fre- 
mont another command, and Fremont resigned, to accept, 
fune 4, 1864, the nomination to the Presidency, tendered 
him by the convention which met at Cleveland, Ohio. 
The division of the Republican party following the rival 
candidacy of Fremont and Lincoln would have resulted 
in the election of the Democratic candidate, and Lincoln 
sent Senator Zach. Chandler to Fremont, to ask him to 
withdraw, and General Fremont did so, to save the party. 

General Fremont now embarked his large fortune in 
the building of a trans-continental railway, but through 
the dishonest}' of agents lost every dollar. In March, 
1878, a full release on all accounts and charges was given 
General Fremont, the courts having found that the 
charges made against him in 1872 by these agents were 
altogether false. In 1878 General Fremont was appointed 
Governor of Arizona Territory. In 1890 General Fre- 
mont was placed on the retired list of the army, with his 
former rank of major-general. Died July 13, 1890. 



i6o 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY {regular) 




CAPTAIN J. H. GAGF.BY. U.S.A. 

Captain I. H. Gageby (Third Infantry) was born at 
fohnstown, Pennsylvania, September 5, 1836. He is of 
Scotch-Irish descent. His grandfather, James Gageby, 
was in Independence Hall when the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was read, and fought through the entire Revo- 
lutionary War and afterwards settled 111 Westmoreland 
Count)-, Pennsylvania. 

Entered the army as sergeant of Company K, Third 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, April 19, 1 861, and was actively 
engaged at the battle of Falling Waters, Virginia, July 
2, 1S61. lie enlisted in the Nineteenth U. S. Infantry 
October 25, 1861, and was appointed first sergeant 
from the date of his enlistment. His company joined 
the Army of the Potomac at Harrison's Landing July 4, 
1862, and was with it through the battles of South 
Mountain and Antietam, Maryland, and Fredericksburg, 
Virginia, when it was transferred to the Army of the 
( iumberland March, 1863. 

He was appointed a second lieutenant of the Nine- 
teenth Infantry June 1, 1S63, and promoted first lieuten- 
ant December 28, 1 863. 

He was in command of Company G, Nineteenth In- 
fantry, at the battle of Hoover's Gap, Tennessee, June 
20, [863, for which he was brevetted for " gallant and 
meritorious services in action." 

lie was actively engaged in several severe skirmishes 
during the march to the battle of Chickamauga, in which 
latter engagement he was wounded and made a prisoner 
of war September 20, 1S63, and was again brevetted for 
gallant anil meritorious services in this battle. 



He remained a prisoner of war in the different South- 
ern prisons, — Atlanta, Augusta, Libby Prison, Virginia; 
Danville, Virginia; Macon, Georgia ; Charleston, South 
Carolina (under the fire of our own artillery in 1S64); 
Columbia, South Carolina; Charlotte, Raleigh, Golds- 
borough, and Wilmington, North Carolina, from which 
place he was exchanged on parole March 1, 1865. 
Total length of imprisonment, seventeen months and 
ten days. 

Lieutenant Gageby was one of Colonel Rose's party, 
when the latter commenced work on the second tunnel 
to escape from Libby Prison, at Richmond, Virginia. 
Although he did not actually work in the tunnel, he 
performed the necessary duty in the prison to prevent its 
discovery while in progress. He was Number 23, of the 
one hundred and ten who escaped by the famous tunnel 
in February, 1864, but he was, unfortunately, recaptured 
and confined in the dungeon at Libby Prison several 
days, and subsequently transferred to the prisons farther 
South. 

Lieutenant Gageby was appointed a captain July 28, 
1 866, and assigned to the Thirty-seventh United States 
Infantry. 

In the winter of 1868-69 he was in command of the 
Infantry column with Colonel Evans's expedition against 
the Comanches, and was actively engaged in the fight 
with those Indians all day of Christmas, 186S, in which 
their village of sixty lodges was destroyed. Colonel 
Evans's letter to him, concerning the fight, says, " The 
marching of your men was the talk and wonder of the 
column, and you held the line until their supplies were 
destroyed; and on no one did I place more dependence 
than yourself, and you are eminently deserving of a 
brevet for this fight, — certainly as much so as my- 
self." 

Captain Gageby participated also in the campaign of 
General Brooke against the Mesceleros and Sierra 
Diablo Lipan Apache Indians in April and May, 1869, 
and was then transferred to the Third Infantry August 
1 1 , 1 S69. 

From 1874 to 1S77, the captain was employed on 
" reconstruction duty" in the Bayou Teche district ot 
Louisiana, and several letters commendatory of his ser- 
vice there are on file in the War Department, from Mr. 
Packard and others. 

He was on leave at his home in Johnstown, Pennsyl- 
vania, at the time of the great flood in 1889, and was 
placed on duty there for several months by order of the 
Secretary of War. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



161 



CAPTAIN FRANK DILLON GARRETTY, U.S.A. 

Captain Frank Dillon Garrettv (Seventeenth In- 
fantry) was born in Ireland February 4, 1 829. He 
entered the military service as second lieutenant of Com- 
pany G, Fifteenth Kentucky Infantry, December 14, 
1 861. He served with the Army of the West during 
the war of the Rebellion, and was with his regiment 
in the spring of 1862, at the capture of Howling Green, 
Kentucky; Nashville, Murfreesborough, Shelbyville, and 
Fayetteville, Tennessee ; and Huntsville, Alabama. He 
marched with his regiment, August 31, 1862, to Perry - 
ville, Kentucky, and engaged in the battle of Perryville, 
October 8, 1862, where he was wounded. He was 
honorably discharged June 2j, 1863, for physical disa- 
bility. 

He received his commission as first lieutenant of the 
Veteran Reserve Corps October 2, 1863, and was guard- 
ing prisoncrs-of-war at Indianapolis, and Camp Doug- 
las, at Chicago, during the years 1864-65. He was on 
duty in the State of Louisiana from January, 1866, to 
April, 1869, as agent and acting commissioner of the 
Freedmen's Bureau. While on this duty, he was com- 
missioned as second lieutenant of the Forty-third In- 
fantry July 28, 1866, and first lieutenant January 11, 
1868. He was ordered on duty in the State of Iowa, as 
agent of the Sac and Fox Indians, 1869-70. On the 
15th of December, 1870, Lieutenant Garretty was trans- 
ferred to the Seventeenth Infantry, and was on dutv 




with his regiment in Dakota, from 1871 to 1886, partici- 
pating with his company on the Stanley expedition in 
1872, and also on the Custer campaign of 1876. 

Lieutenant Garretty was promoted captain June 26, 
1882, and moved with his regiment from Dakota to Fort 
D. A. Russell, Wyoming, in 1886. He was on recruit- 
ing duty at Chicago, Illinois, and St. Paul, Minnesota, 
from 1886 to 1888, and with his company and regiment 
during 1889-90, when he was again placed on recruiting 
duty in October, 1890. 



1 62 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE 
W. GETTY, U.S.A. (retired). 

Colonel and Bkevet Major-Genekal George W. 
Getty was born in Georgetown, D. C, in 1819, and 
was graduated at the Military Academy in the Class 
oi 1840. Receiving his appointment as second lieu- 
tenant (if the Fourth U. S. Artillery, he was assigned 
to duty in the State of Michigan, and was engaged 
during the fall and winter of 1840-41 in removing the 
Pottawatomie tribe of Indians from that State to their 
reservation west of the Mississippi River, and on the 
Northern frontier during the Canada-border disturbances, 
1841-42; served in the war with Mexico, 1847-48, and 
was in the battles of Contreras, Churubusco, and Molino 
del Rev; the storming of Chapultepec and assault and 
capture of City of Mexico, and received the brevet of 
captain for " gallant and meritorious conduct in the battles 
of Contreras and Churubusco;" was afterwards engaged 
in the Florida hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 
1849-50 and 1856-57; on frontier duty, 1857-60, in 
quelling disturbances in that State. Served during the 
Rebellion, being engaged with Confederate batteries on 
the Potomac River near Budd's Ferry, Maryland; Vir- 
ginia Peninsula campaign; engaged in the siege of 
Yorktown, battles of Gaines' Mill and Malvern Hill; in 
the Maryland campaign, Army of the Potomac, being 
engaged in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, 
and the march to Falmouth, Virginia: served in the 
Rappahannock campaign, Army of the Potomac, being 
engaged in the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia; in 
the operations about Suffolk, Virginia, on the line of the 
Nansemond River; in command of the Third Division 
of the Ninth Army Corps during the defence of Suffolk, 
April 1 I, May 3, 1863 ; in command of storming column 
in the assault of Hill's Point Works and Battery, April 



19, 1863 ; in the Richmond campaign, being engaged in 
the battle of the Wilderness, where he was severely 
wounded while in command of the division; in the siege 
of Petersburg, and expedition to Reams' Station and 
Weldon Railroad, 1864; in the defence of Washington 
City, July 11-12, 1864, and in the pursuit of the army 
under General Early to the Shenandoah Valley, July 13 
to \ugust 9, 1864; in the Shenandoah campaign, being 
engaged in the action of Charlestown, battles of Opequan, 
Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek-; served in the siege of 
Petersburg, being engaged in the assaults of March 25 
and April 2, 1865, upon the enemy's works; in the 
pursuit of the Army of Northern Virginia, being en- 
gaged in the battle of Sailor's Creek, April 6, 1865, and 
was at the capitulation of General R. E. Lee, with that 
army. General Getty was appointed lieutenant-colonel 
and aide-de-camp in September, 1861 ; brigadier-gen- 
eral of volunteers September 25, 1862, in which latter 
grade he served until mustered out of the volunteer ser- 
vice October 9, 1866. He passed through the various 
grades in the regular service from lieutenant to major, 
and was made colonel of the Thirty-seventh U. S. In- 
fantry July 28, 1866, and afterwards transferred to the 
Third Infantry, subsequently to the Third Artillery, and 
finally to the Fourth Artillery, from which he was retired 
for age October 2, 1883. General Getty was, for gallant 
and meritorious services, made brevet lieutenant-colonel 
during the siege of Suffolk; colonel, for battle of the 
Wilderness ; brigadier-general, for capture of Petersburg ; 
major-general, for services during the war ; major-general 
of volunteers, for Winchester and Fisher's Hill, Virginia. 
The petition of General Getty to Congress to be retired 
on the grade of major-general received the following 
complimentary indorsement : 

" Head-quarters of the Army, Washington, D. C, 
January 26, 1883. — . . . George Getty as a boy and man, 
through a long, eventful life, has been a model gentleman 
and soldier, of unexceptional habits, of superior intelli- 
gence, and high professional acquirements. lie has al- 
ways been selected in war and peace for high and 
responsible commands. Modest to a fault, he has never 
pushed himself forward into undue prominence, but has 
done well all that he was appointed to do, and has always 
been sought for by his services for posts requiring high 
qualification and professional excellence. ... I most re- 
spectfully represent that the principle of common justice 
seems to demand that General Getty should, during his 
lew remaining years, have, for the support of himself and 
of his dependent family, the retired pay of a major-gen- 
eral. Even this will fall far short of compensation for the 
labor and responsibility imposed on him by superior au- 
thority in exacting from him the work of a major-general 
on the pay of a colonel. 

(Signed) "W. T. Sherman, General." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



163 



REAR-ADMIRAL BANCROFT GHERARDI, U.S.N. 

Rear-Admiral Bancroft Gherardi is now the 
senior officer on the active list of the U. S. Navy, and is 
credited in the official register with nearly twenty-five 
years of sea-service, while his " shore duty" has comprised 
almost every variety of employment which can fall to the 
lot of a naval officer. He is the nephew of the eminent 
historian, George Bancroft, who was the Secretary of the 
Navy to whom the U. S. Naval Academy is indebted for 
its existence more than to any other one person ; and who 
was for so many years, our excellent Minister at the Court 
of Berlin. 

Admiral Gherardi was born in Louisiana November 
IO, 1832, but was appointed from Massachusetts in June, 
1 846. He made a cruise of nearly f< mr years in the line- 
of-battle ship " Ohio" during the Mexican War, and after- 
wards. He then served in the " Saranac," of the Home 
Squadron, and, after a course at the U. S. Naval Academy, 
became passed midshipman in 1852 ; after a cruise in the 
Mediterranean, he was promoted master in 1 S 5 5 ; and 
lieutenant in the same year. He next served in the 
" Saratoga," Home Squadron; the Boston rendezvous; 
and the steam-sloop " Lancaster," in the Pacific. He 
was commissioned lieutenant-commander July, 1862; 
and attached to the South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron. In an engagement with Fort Macon, 1862 ; steam- 
sloop " Mohican ;" on special service in 1S63. He was 
then ordered to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, in 
which he commanded the " Chocura" and the " Port 
Royal ;" he took part in the battle of Mobile Bay, August 
5, 1864, in the latter vessel. He next commanded the 
" Pequot," in the North Atlantic Squadron, until the close 
of the war. 

He was commissioned as commander July 25, 1866, 
and was stationed at Philadelphia at the naval ren- 
dezvous and the navy-yard until 1870. He then took 




command of the "Jamestown," in the Pacific, and of the 
receiving-ship " Independence" at Mare Island, after leav- 
ing the "Jamestown." 

He was commissioned as captain in November, 1874, 
and commanded the flag-ship " Pensacola," of the North 
Pacific Station, for two years. From 1877 to 1880 he 
was in command of the receiving-ship " Colorado." 
After this he was for three years in command of the 
" Lancaster," flag-ship of the European Squadron. When 
the " Lancaster" came home he obtained a year's leave 
to travel in Europe, and during that time he received 
his promotion as commodore. In 1884-85 he was a 
member of the Examining Board, and in 1885-86 was 
governor of the Naval Asylum at Philadelphia. His 
promotion as rear-admiral dates from August, 1887, 
when he was ordered to the command of the navy-yard 
at New York. In 1889 he was ordered to the command 
of the North Atlantic Station, which he retains at this 
writing. 



164 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND XAVY (regular) 




BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN 
GIBBON, U.S.A. (retired). 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General John Gib- 
bon was born in Pennsylvania April 20, 1827, and grad- 
uated from the Military Academy July 1, [847. He- 
was promoted brevet second lieutenant, Third Artillery, 
the same day, and second lieutenant, Fourth Artillery, 
September 13, 1847. He served in the war with Mexico, 
at the City of Mexico and Toluca, in 1 847, and in garrison 
at Fort Monroe in 1848. Hewas then ordered to Florida, 
and participated in the hostilities against the Seminole 
Indians until 1S50, when hewas promoted first lieutenant 
and ordered to Texas, serving at Fort Brown and Ring- 
gold Barracks until 1S52. After availing himself of a 
leave of absence, hewas employed in removing the Semi- 
nole Indians from Florida to the west of the Mississippi 
from May to August, 1S54, upon the conclusion of which 
he was detailed at the Military Academy as assistant 
instructor ol artillery, as quartermaster, and as a member 
of a board to test breech-loading rifles to 1857. 

He was promoted captain November 2, 1859, and was 
on sick-leave of absence in 1859-60. In 1860-61 lie was 
on frontier dutyin Utah, and marched from Fort Critten- 
den, Utah, to fort Leavenworth, Kansas, at the breaking 
out of the war of the Rebellion. 

Captain Gibbon served as chief of artillery of General 
McDowell's division in the fall and winter of 1861-62, 
and was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers May 
2, 1862, and assigned to the command of a brigade in 
the Department of the Rappahannock. He took part in 
all the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, and was 



engaged in the action of Gainesville, battles of second 
Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg 
(wounded), Marye Heights, and Gettysburg, where he 
was severely wounded while commanding the Second 
Army Corps. 

He was then on leave of absence, on account of wounds, 
to November 15, 1S63, when he was placed in command 
of the draft depot at Cleveland, Ohio, for a short time, 
but subsequently transferred to Philadelphia, where he 
remained until March 21, 1864. 

Upon rejoining for duty in the field. General Gibbon 
was assigned to the command of a division in the Second 
Army Corps, and participated in the Richmond campaign 
of 1864, being engaged in the battles of the Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, North Anna, Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor, and 
the siege of Petersburg. He was appointed major-general 
of volunteers June 7, 1864, and was assigned to the com- 
mand of the Twenty-fourth Army Corps (Army of the 
James 1, and while in command of that corps participated 
in the campaign of 1865, and was engaged in the assaults 
on the enemy's works April 1 and 2, and the pursuit of 
the enemy, terminating in the surrender of Lee's army at 
Appomattox Court-House April 9, 1865, he being one 
of the commissioners to can'}- into effect the stipulations 
for the surrender. 

He was brevetted for gallant and meritorious services 
as follows: Major, September 17, 1862, for Antietam; 
lieutenant-colonel, December 13, 1S62, for Fredericks- 
burg; colonel, July 4, 1863, for Gettysburg; brigadier- 
general, March 13, [865, for Spottsylvania; major-general, 
same date, for capture of Petersburg. 

After being on various duties until January 15, [866, 
General Gibbon was mustered out of the volunteer ser- 
\ ice, and was a member of the board to make recom- 
mendations for brevet promotions. He was appointed 
colonel of the Thirty-sixth Infantry July 28, 1866, and 
served with his regiment on the frontiers at various posts 
in the West and Northwest. He was, in the consoli- 
dation of regiments, transferred to the Seventh Infantry 
March 15, 1869,3111! participated with his regiment in 
the expedition against hostile Sioux Indians in 1S76, and 
was also engaged with the Nez Perces Indians in 1877. 
Wounded at battle of Big Hole, Montana Territory, 
August 9, 1877. 

General Gibbon was appointed brigadier-general U. S. 
Arm)- Jul)' 10, 1885, and was assigned to the command 
of the Department of the Columbia, but in 18S9 was 
placed in command of the Military Division of the Pacific, 
which command he retained until retired, by operation 
of law, April 20, 1 89 1. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



165 



MEDICAL DIRECTOR ALBERT LEARY GIHON, U.S.N. 

Medical Director Albert Leary Gihon was born 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 28, 1833; re- 
ceived degrees of A. B. 1850, M.D. 1852, and A.M. 1854; 
was Professor of Chemistry and Toxicology in the Phila- 
delphia College of Medicine and Surgery, 1853-54. 

Entered navy as assistant surgeon May i, 1855 ; first 
duty on board receiving-ship " Union," navy-yard, Phila- 
delphia ; attached to sloop-of-war " Levant," East India 
Station, 1855-58 ; was in the sloop-of-war " Portsmouth's" 
gig, November 15, 1856, when fired upon by the Chinese 
while attempting to pass the Barrier Forts on the Pearl 
River, near Canton, and participated as one of the landing 
party, in the subsequent engagements, which resulted 
in the capture of these forts, November 16, 20, 21, and 
22, 1856; attached to brig "Dolphin," 1858-59, dining 
Paraguay Expedition ; and to sloop-of-war " Preble," 
1859, on the coast of Central America and Panama. 

Became passed assistant surgeon May 1, i860; Naval 
Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, 1860-61 ; brig " Perry," 
1 86 1, on the blockade of Fernandina, Florida, and 
cruising off the Atlantic coast of the Southern States, 
capturing the rebel privateer "Savannah," the first Con- 
federate letter-of-marque, May 1, 1861. 

Promoted to surgeon, August 1, 1861 ; naval rendez- 
vous, New York ; sloop-of-war " St. Louis," 1862-65, on 
special service upon European Station and cruising 
among the Atlantic Islands after Confederate steamers 
" Alabama," " Florida," ami " Georgia"; and in latter part 
of 1S64 on blockade of coast of South Carolina; senior 
medical officer, navy-yard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
1865-68; 

He was attached to United States ship " Idaho," 1868- 
70, anchored at Nagasaki, Japan, as hospital-ship for the 
Asiatic Station, and was on board during the memorable 
typhoon of September 21, 1869, when ship was wrecked 
by passing through centre of a cyclone, with barometer 
at 27.62 in. ; for services rendered Portuguese colony at 
Dilly, Island of Timor, and the Portuguese men-of-war 
" Principe Dom Carlos" and " Sa da Bandeira," received 
from the King of Portugal, with the consent of Congress, 
the decoration of Knight of the Military Order of Christ ; 
for services to H. B. M. ships " Flint" and " Dawn," the 
thanks of the British government ; and for similar services 
to the French gun-boat " Scorpion" those of the Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the French East India Station ; special 
duty at New York, 1870; subsequently marine rendez- 
vous, Phila. ; and later member of Naval Medical Board 
of Examiners at Phila., 1870-72, and at Washington, 

I872-73- 

Promoted to medical inspector November 7, 1872; 
special duty at Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Navy 
Department, 1873, and same year ordered to flag-ship 
" Wabash" as surgeon-of-the-fleet on the European 




Station ; at Key West, Florida, with naval expedition of 
[874, and returned to European Station as surgcon-of- 
the-fleet, on board the flag-ship "Franklin," 1874-75; 
head of medical department at Naval Academy, Annap- 
olis, Maryland, 1875-80; at request of chief of Bureau 
of Medicine and Surgery designed and superintended 
construction of model of hospital-ship for Centennial 
Exhibition at Philadelphia, 1867, and at same Exhibition 
presented "Ambulance Cot," bearing his name, which 
was approved by Board of Officers, Jul}' 5, 1877, and 
adopted for use in the navy; appointed Inspector of Re- 
cruits and Recruiting Stations, November 20, 187S. 

Commissioned medical director August 20, 1879; in 
charge of Naval Hospital, Norfolk, Va., 1880; member 
of Board of Inspection of the Navy, 1880-83 ; in charge 
of the Naval Hospital, Washington, D. C, 1883-86; of 
Naval Hospital, Mare Island, California, 1886-88; and 
of Naval Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, 1888-92. 

Has represented the Medical Department of the Navy 
since 1876 to the present time in the prominent national 
medical, sanitary, and climatological associations and in- 
ternational medical congresses, and been honored by 
election to their highest offices ; is member of various 
American and foreign historical and scientific societies, 
fellow and ex-president of the American Academy of 
Medicine, and member of the military order of the Loyal 
Legion of the United States. 

He is the author of numerous papers and addresses 
on Naval Hygiene, Public Health, Sanitary Reform, 
State Medicine, Higher Medical Education, Vital Statis- 
tics, Medical Demography, and Climatology; contri- 
butor to literary magazines and other periodicals, and of 
articles on medical and surgical subjects to professional 
journals and other publications; and since 1887 one of 
the editors of the "Annual of the Universal Medical 
Sciences." 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND XAVY IREGUlab) 





CAPTAIN ERASMUS C. GILBREATH, U.S.A. 

Captain Erasmus C. Gilbreath (Eleventh Infantry) 
was born in Guernsey County, Ohio, May 13, 1840, and 
entered the volunteer service as first lieutenant of tin 
Twentieth Indiana Infantry July 22, 1861. Hewas pro- 
moted captain December 7, 1862, and major of the same 
regiment July 27, 1863. He served in the First Brigade, 
First Division of the Third Army Corps, from June 8, 
1862, to the breaking up of the Third Corps in March, 
1 Si 14, participating in the campaigns of that corps with 
the Army of the Potomac, and engaged in the action at 
Chickamicomico, near Fort Hatteras, the " Merrimac" 
fight with the " Congress" and " Cumberland," action at 
1 >ak Grove, Virginia, Seven Days' Battles, skirmish at 
Rappahannock Station, battles of second Bull Run, 
Chantilly, Fredericksburg (where he was wounded), 
Chancellorsville (slightly wounded), Gettysburg, Kelly's 
Ford, Mine Run (especially Locust Grove), the Wil- 
derness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, siege of Peters- 
burg, — including all the movements and operations of 
the Third Division Second Army Corps, from March to 
1 ii tober, 1864. 

Honorably mustered out of the Twentieth Indiana In- 
fantry < >ctober 19, 1864, and was appointed captain and 
assistant quartermaster of volunteers January 23, 1865, 
from which position he was mustered out July 28, 180;, 
and appointed lieutenant-colonel in Hancock's Corps, on 
the approval of Major-General Hancock, February 14, 
1865. He 1 ommanded the Twentieth Indiana during the 
battle of Gettysburg, from the time of the death of Colonel 
Wheeler, at the beginning of the action, to the 1 lose of 
the fighting on the 2d ; Lieutenant-Colonel Taylor having 
been wounded, acted as major from the 4th of fuly, 1863, 
when commissioned, though not formally mustered into 
service as major until July 2;, [863. He commanded 



the Seventeenth Maine Infantry, by order of Major-Gen- 
eral D. B. Birney, from June 17 to about June 30, 1864, 
and was in command of that regiment in the charge 
on the Confederate lines in front of Petersburg, June 17, 
1864, and again in the charge at the Hare House, June 
18, 1864. 

Captain Gilbreath entered the regular service as first 
lieutenant of the P'ifteenth Infantry February 23, 1866, 
was transferred to the Twenty-fourth Infantry September 
j 1, [866, ami again transferred to the Eleventh Infantry 
April 25, 1869. 

He was assigned to various complicated duties in 
connection with the reconstruction of the States of Mis- 
sissippi and Texas ; in Mississippi, sub-commissioner 
of Freedmen's Bureau in charge of that district, having 
charge of the counties now called Copiah, Simpson, 
Lincoln, Lawrence, Amite, Pike, and Marion, — eighteen 
thousand freedmen living in the district. He had charge 
of the registration and election in the counties named in 
October, 1867 (see testimony of Brevet Major-General 
A. C. Gillem, U.S.A., before the Committee on the Con- 
duct of the War, given in 1 868 in relation thereto). In 
Texas he had charge of the reconstruction and reor- 
ganization of Montgomery County from September, 
1 868, to May, 1869, promoted captain of Company 11, 
Eleventh Inf. December 23, 1873. He was in command of 
Company II, Eleventh Infantry, in the campaign against 
hostile Comanche Indians, from November 8, 1874, to 
January 20, 1875, when he was compelled to go on sick 
report on account of wound received at Fredericksburg, 
Virginia, December [3, 1862, and on sick-leave of absence 
from same cause from May 17, 1875, to March 27, 1876. 
Hewas in command of c< impanyin the movement October 
22, 1870, at Standing Rock, Dakota Territory, the result 
of which movement was the disarming of the Blackfeet 
and Yankton Indians at that Agency. He selected the 
site for and established the depot at Terry's Landing, 
Montana Territory, at the head of navigation on the 
Yellowstone River. He took the field with his company 
against hostile Bannock Indians from August 31 to Sep- 
tember 13, 1 878, and was then in charge of the construc- 
tion of the military telegraph line from Fort Custer, 
Montana Territory, to the Yellowstone River — 48 miles 
— from December 3 to 16, 1S78. He was appointed in- 
spector ol Indian Supplies at the Crow Agency, Montana 
Territory, from September 5, 1 879, to July 2S, 1880. 
While inspector of Indian Supplies at the Crow Agency, 
Montana Territory, he assisted the agent for the three 
thousand three hundred Crow Indians in negotiating a 
treaty by which they gave up and sold two million acres 
of land at the west end of their reservation, and he signed 
this treaty in his official capacity. 

Captain Gilbreath i- a member of the G. A. R., Loyal 
Legion, and the Second and Third Corps societies. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



167 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL AND BREVET BRIGADIER- 
GENERAL GEORGE W. GILE, U.S.A. (retired). 

Lieutenant- Colonel and Brevet Brigadier-Gen- 

eral George W. Gile was born in Bethlehem, N. H., 
January 2?, 1830. His record of service was furnished 
by Adjutant-General R. C. Drum to a committee of 
Congress in 1884, and is given herewith : 

"He entered the service April 23, 1861, as first lieu- 
tenant Twenty-second Penn. Inf., and served to August 7, 
1 86 1 , upon which date he was honorably mustered out, 
his term of service having expired. 

"He re-entered the service Sept. 16, 1861, as major 
Eighty-eighth Penn. Inf., and was promoted lieutenant- 
colonel Sept. I, 1862, and colonel Jan. 24, [863. 

" He served with his regiment in the defences of Wash- 
ington, the Arm}' of Virginia, and the Army of the 
Potomac, from Oct. I, 1 86 1, to Sept. 17, 1862, upon whii li 
date he was wounded in the battle of Antietam, while in 
command of his regiment; was absent by reason of 
wound until honorably discharged on account of dis- 
ability, March 2, 1S63. Was appointed major in the 
Veteran Reserve Corps May 22, 1863, and colonel Sept. 
29, 1863. 

" He served as a member of a Board of Examiners 
for the Veteran Reserve Corps to some time in Novem- 
ber, 1863 ; commanded a brigade engaged in the defences 
of Washington July 10 to 13, 1864, and for energy and 
good conduct in assisting to repel the attack on Fort 
Slocum, D. C, he was brevetted brigadier-general ; com- 
manded the garrison of Washington to September, 1865 ; 
on duty in the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Aban- 
doned Lands in S. C. to Jan, 4, 1S67; upon which date 
he was honorably mustered out of the volunteer ser- 
vice. 

" He was appointed first lieutenant Forty-fifth U. S. Inf. 
to date from July 28, 1866, and promoted captain Feb. 
4, 1868. 

" He received the brevets of captain 'for gallant and 
meritorious services in the second battle of Bull Run;' 
major ' for gallant and meritorious services at the battle 
of South Mountain, Maryland ;' and lieutenant-colonel 
' for gallant and meritorious services at the battle of 
Antietam. 

" He served in the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, 
and Abandoned Lands in S. C. from Jan. 5, 1867, to Oct. 
10, 1868; and in Florida with brevet rank to July 15, 
1870; on duty at head-quarters Bureau of Refugees, 
Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, Washington, until he 
was retired from active service, with the full rank of 
colonel, Dec. 15,1 870, for disability resulting from wounds 
received in line of duty, under section 32 of the act of 
Congress approved July 20, 1S66, which authorized re- 
tirement in such cases with the full rank of the command 




held by the officer when the disabling wounds were re- 
ceived ; retired with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, the 
actual rank in the volunteer service held by him when 
wounded, March 3, 1875, under the provisions of an 
act of Congress approved that date." 

Incidental to his field service he participated with his 
regiment in the battles of Cedar Mountain, three days at 
Rappahannock Station, Thoroughfare Gap, Bull Run, 
second Chantilly, South Mountain, and Antietam. Was 
in command from and during the battle of Bull Run to 
Antietam. 

At the second battle of Bull Run, Major Gile com- 
manded the Eighty-eighth Penn. Vol. This regiment 
was one of the four comprising Tower's brigade, and of 
the conduct of that brigade, General Pope, in his official 
report, speaks as follows : 

" Tower's brigade, of Ricketts's division, was pushed 
forward into action into support of Reynolds's division, 
led forward in person by General Tower with conspicu- 
ous skill and gallantry. 

" The conduct of that brigade in plain view of all the 
forces on our left was especially distinguished, and drew 
forth heart) - and enthusiastic cheers. The example 
of that brigade was of great service and infused new 
spirit into all the troops who witnessed their intrepid 
conduct." 

He was stationed in the city of Washington from 
November, 1863, to close of war; during this time he 
commanded a regiment, brigade, and the garrison of 
Washington, which consisted of two brigades of infantry, 
a battery of artillery, and a detachment of cavalry. 

He commanded President Lincoln's second inaugural 
and funeral escort. Was general officer of the day on 
the occasion of the final review of the armies at the close 
of the war. 



[68 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL QJJINCY 
A. GILLMORE, U.S.A. (deceased). 

Colonel and Brevet Major-General Quincy A. 
Gillmore was burn in Ohio and graduated from the 
U. S. Military Academy July i, [849. He was pro- 
moted brevet second lieutenant Corps of Engineers 
the same day; second lieutenant September 5, 1853; 
in t lieutenant July 1, 1S56, and captain August 6, 1861. 
lie served on engineer duty in constructing Forts Mon- 
roe and Calhoun in 1849-52 ; was at West Point attached 
to company of sappers, miners, and pontoniers, from 
185 2 to 1856; was instructor of practical military engi- 
neering at West Point to September 15; treasurer to 
September \ 1 , and quartermaster to September 15, 1856. 
He was then employed as assistant engineer in the con- 
struction <>l Fort Monroe, in charge of the engineer 
agency al New York for supplying ami shipping ma- 
terials for fortifications to 1861. 

He served during the war of the Rebellion as chief en- 
gineer of the Port Royal Expeditionary Corps, 1 86 1-62, 
being present at the descent upon Hilton Head, South 
Carolina, November 6, 1861, and engaged in the con- 
struction of fortifications on that island to [anuary, 1862; 
then as chief engineer of the siege of Fort Pulaski, and 
in command during its bombardment and capture, April 
IO-II, 1862, being one of the commissioners to arrange 
the terms of capitulation. 

He was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers 
April 28, 1862, and was on sick-leave of ab enc< from 
May to July of that year. He assisted the Governor of 
New York in forwarding State troops until September 
[2, 1862, when he was assigned to the command of a 
division operating from Covington, Kentucky; of I >i s - 
trict of Wist Virginia; of First Division, Army of Ken- 
tucky; of District of Central Kentucky, and of the United 
States forces at the battle of Somerset, Kentucky, from 



September 18, 1862, to March 30, 1863. He was ap- 
pointed major-general of volunteers July 10, 1863. 

After a short leave of absence, he was placed in com- 
mand of the Department of the South and of the Tenth 
Army Corps, from June 12, [863, to June 17, 1864, being 
engaged in command of the operations against Charles- 
ton, South Carolina, comprising the descent upon 
Morris Island; bombardment and reduction of Fort 
Sumter; and siege and capitulation of Fort Wagner. 
He was then in command of the Tenth Army Corps in 
the operations on James River, near Bermuda Hundred, 
and engaged in actions of Swift Creek, near Chester 
Station ; assault and capture of the right of the enemy's 
intrenchments in front of Dairy's Bluff; battle of Drury's 
Bluff; defence of Bermuda Hundred; reconnoissance of 
the enemy's lines before Petersburg, and in command 
of two divisions of the Nineteenth Corps in defence of 
Washington, D. C, July 1 1, 1864, and in pursuit of the 
rebels under General Early until July 14, 1864, when he 
was severely injured by the fall of his horse, and was 
granted sick-leave of absence to August 21, 1864. 

In October and November, 1S64, General Gillmore was 
president of a board for testing Ames's wrought-iron 
cannon ; and then on a tour of inspection of fortifications 
from Cairo, Illinois, to Pensacola, Florida, to January 
30, 1865, at which time he was assigned to the command 
of the Department of the South, retaining that until the 
following November. He was brevetted for gallant and 
meritorious services, lieutenant-colonel April 11, 1862, in 
the capture of Fort Pulaski, Georgia; colonel March 30, 
1863, at the battle of Somerset, Kentucky; brigadier- 
general March 13, 1865, in the capture of Fort Wagner, 
South Carolina ; and major-general in the assault on 
Morris Island, South Carolina, and the bombardment and 
demolition of Fort Sumter. He resigned his volunteer 
commission December 5, 1865. He was promoted major 
of engineers June i, 1863 ; lieutenant-colonel January 13, 
1874 ; and colonel February 20, 1883 ; and was employed 
after the war closed as assistant to the chief engineer of 
the Third Division, Engineer Bureau at Washington City, 
D. C, to November 8, 1 866 ; as member of a special board 
to conduct experiments in connection with the use of 
iron in the construction of permanent fortifications, and 
member of other boards; and was superintending en- 
gineer of the fortifications on Staten Island, New York, 
and engaged on other important engineer duty until he 
died at Brooklyn, New York, April 7, 1888. General 
Gillmore had the degree of Master of Arts conferred by 
Oberlin College, Ohii >, 1 836, I [e was the author of a work 
on the "Siege and Reduction of Fort Pulaski, Georgia, in 
1862;" of a "Practical Treatise on Limes, Hydraulic 
Cements, and Mortars," 1863; and of "Engineer and 
Artillery Operations against the Defences of Charleston 
in 1863." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



169 



REAR-ADMIRAL LEWIS M. GOLDSBOROUGH, U.S.N. 
(deceased). 

Rear-Admiral Lewis M. Goldsborough was born 
in the city of Washington, in February, 1805. As was 
sometimes done in those days, lie was appointed a 
midshipman when a mere child, — J Line 18, 18 12. Of 
course, he went to school for some time after, but, 
by January, 1S25, he attained the rank of lieutenant. 
He was attached to the schooner " Porpoise," of the 
Mediterranean Squadron, 1827-29. In 1827, while first 
lieutenant of the " Porpoise," took command of four 
boats, with thirty-five men and officers, and retook an 
English brig, the " Comet," which was in possession of 
two hundred Greek pirates. It was a desperate affair, 
but successful. There were three killed of the pirates 
to one killed of the boarding-part}-. The ward-room 
steward of the " Porpoise," a mulatto of herculean 
strength, a volunteer, killed eleven of the pirates with 
his own hand. Lieutenant John A. Carr, U.S.N., long 
since dead, killed the chief of the pirates, as well as 
several of his band. At that time no merchant vessel, 
unprotected by convoy, could go up the Greek Archi- 
pelago; and the pirates once succeeded in capturing 
an Austrian man-of-war brig. The action of Golds- 
borough and his little party had a most salutary effect, 
and they received thanks from several of the Mediter- 
ranean powers. After this Lieutenant Goldsborough 
made a full cruise in the frigate " United States" in the 
Pacific. He was commissioned commander in Sep- 
tember, 1841; executive-officer of the "Ohio," 74, at 
the siege of Vera Cruz; commanded three hundred 
officers and men of the " Ohio" at the capture of Tuxpan ; 
commanded the " Levant," in the Mediterranean, 1852-53. 
He was superintendent of the Naval Academy at Annap- 
olis — having been commissioned captain in 1855 — from 
1854 to 1857. He commanded the flag-ship " Congress," 
of the Brazil Squadron, [859-61. During the joint ex- 
pedition to the North Carolina waters, in 1862, Flag- 
Officer Goldsborough commanded the naval force, — 
being present for duty far in advance of the army. He- 
had seventeen light-draught vessels, which fought the 
battle of Roanoke Island, against the forts, the troops, 
and the flotilla, with defences, stationed there. On Feb- 
ruary 5, 1862, three columns, under the immediate com- 
mand of Commodore Rowan, — afterwards vice-admiral, — 
formed for action. On the morning of the 7th the enemy's 




vessels, eight in number, were found behind an extensive 
row of piles and sunken vessels, extending clear across 
the Sound. The engagement began at 10.30 a.m., and at 
4 P.M. the batteries on the island were silenced enough to 
permit the landing of troops. By midnight over ten 
thousand troops had disembarked. On the following 
morning the army did the fighting, and in the afternoon 
the navy opened a passage through the obstructions, suc- 
cessfully accomplished by dark. On the 10th the remains 
of the rebel fleet were captured in the Pasquotank River 
by Commodore Rowan. On March 14, 1862, the town of 
New Berne, North Carolina, was occupied by a detach- 
ment of Flag-Officer Goldsborough's squadron. ( )n 
May 10, 1862, Goldsborough engaged and silenced the 
batteries at Sewell's Point, opposite Fortress Monroe, 
and passed up to Norfolk, which had been evacuated by 
the rebels. He was commissioned as rear-admiral in 
July, 1862. At the close of the war he was ordered to 
command the European Station. He returned home in 
1868, and from that time to the date of his death, in 
February, 1877, was on special duty at Washington. 

Rear-Admiral Goldsborough was a man far beyond 
the usual size, and of a striking appearance in every way. 
He was a student all his life, and, in addition to his pro- 
ficiency in professional matters, he was a fairly-good 
lawyer and an accomplished linguist. He wrote very 
well, and some of his letters were quite models of com- 
position. He married a daughter of the celebrated William 
Wirt, and had two children, a son and a daughter, both 
of whom he survived. 



22 



I/O 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR GRHEN CLAY GOODLOE. U.S.M.C. 

Major Green Clay Goodloe, paymaster of the 
United States Marine Corps, was born at Castle Union, 
Madison County, Kentucky, January 31, 1S45, on the 
plantation of his grandfather, Colonel J. Speed Smith, son 
of General 1). S. Goodloe and Sally Clay Smith. Edu- 
- ated in the classics and law at Transylvania University, 
Lexington, Kentucky. Belongs to a family which has 
maintained a leading place in Kentucky for generations, 
by the distinction achieved by its members in civil and 
military positions. His ancestors were officers in the 
patriotic army of the Revolution. His great-grand- 
father, Green Clay, served in the wars of the Revolution 
and 181 2. A noted achievement was marching a force to 
the relief of General W. H. Harrison, besieged by a supe- 
rior force of British and Indians, at Fort Meigs, on the 
Maumee. General Harrison placed him in command of 
three thousand men. His grandfather, Colonel John 
Speed Smith, was aid to General W. II. Harrison in 
the war of 1 812 ; Speaker of Kentucky House of Repre- 
sentatives, and member of Congress. An uncle is the 
veteran General Cassius M. Clay, captain in the Mexican 
War; wounded and taken prisoner; pioneer in abolishing 
slavery; a major-general in the army of the United 
States; minister to Russia. Another uncle is Major- 
General Green Clay Smith, United States Volunteers, 
shot in the knee in cavalry charge at 1 .ebanon, Tennessee ; 
veteran of Mexican War; lieutenant; member of Con- 
gress ; governor. When the war became imminent, his 
family threw their powerful influence on the side of the 
Union, and no one thing did more to hold the State, 
which wavered, true to her allegiance. Major Goodloe, 
then a boy of sixteen, actuated by the soldiery traditions 
of lus family, was then a member of the Lexington 
Chasseurs, which was loyal to the flag. Major Goodloe 



was a marker in the company, and carried the United 
States flag the last time it appeared in a parade of the 
Old Kentucky State Guard. He was ordered by Colonel 
R. W. Hanson, the colonel in command, to take it to the 
armon - , and this precipitated the dissension which drew 
a sharp line between the Union and secession portion 
of the Guard, and broke it up. Major Goodloe, with the 
rest of his family, became active on the side of the Union, 
and he, with one other and a brother, were the first to 
arrive, armed with muskets, at depot, in Lexington, when 
it seemed inevitable that a fight must be made to secure 
for the troops the arms which had been sent them by the 
government. He joined the Fourth Kentucky Cavalry 
Regiment, which he reached at Wartrace, Tennessee, as it 
stood in line of battle to receive the attack of the enemy. 
He was in ten cavalry battles and skirmishes during his 
service. For his gallant conduct at the battle of Lebanon, 
Tennessee, General Dumont recommended his promotion, 
while still on the held, to first lieutenant. When pro- 
moted he was assigned to Company I, Twenty-third 
Kentucky Infantry, and detailed as aide-de-camp on the 
staff of General Green Clay Smith, lie served in this 
capacity on brigade and division staffs during the cam- 
paign through Kentucky and Tennessee, participating 
in many engagements. At the cavalry battle of Little 
Harpeth, Forrest's men completely surrounded and cut 
him off, but he broke through them. Johnson's report 
says, " Lieutenant Clay Goodloe, of General Smith's 
staff, in returning from delivering an order, found himself 
surrounded by rebels, and had to run the gauntlet. 
After emptying his holster pistols, he laid flat on his 
horse, relying upon his spurs and his ' Lexington.' They 
brought him safely home, but he has a bullet-hole 
through his pants to remind him of the amiable inten- 
tions of his Southern brethren respecting himself." In 
the thorough rout of Morgan's cavalry command, on 
May 4, 1862, at Lebanon, Tennessee, Surgeon Adams 
reported, " Clay Goodloe kept in line with Colonel 
Smith, and was grazed on the third joint[of the second 
finger by a bullet. He attempted to hold poor Pierce- 
field on his horse after he received his fatal shot. He 
is a gallant and noble boy, yet beardless, but has the 
courage of .1 veteran." Every official report contained 
flattering mention of him. 

In September, 1863, appointed cadet at West Point, 
but resigned in 1865 ; commissioned second lieutenant, 
United States Marine Corps April 21, 1869; promoted 
tirst lieutenant January 12, 1S76; and made paymaster 
March 17, 1877. Married April 17, 1877, Miss Bettie 
Reck, daughter of United States Senator James Burnie 
Beck and Jane Washington Thornton. Mrs. Goodloe, 
his wife, is a i;reat-great-great-riiece of General George- 
Washington, being related on both sides of her mother 
to the Father of our Country. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



171 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER H. H. GORRINGE. U.S.N. 
(deceased). 

Lieutenant - Commander H. H. Gorringe was a 

native of the West Indies, but was appointed a master's 
mate in the U. S. naval service from the State of New 
York on October 1, 1862. He was sent out to the Mis- 
sissippi at once, and remained there during the whole of 
the Civil War. Owing to his courage, seamanship, and 
devotion to duty he obtained remarkable advancement. 
Three of his promotions were for gallantry in battle. 
He was made acting ensign in 1863, promoted to acting 
master in 1864, and to acting volunteer lieutenant in 
1865. 

Lieutenant-Commander Gorringe took part in nearly 
all the important battles of the Mississippi Squadron. 
He was promoted to be acting volunteer lieutenant- 
commander Jul)- 10, 1865. 

In [867 he commanded the steamer " Memphis," of 
the Atlantic Squadron, and on December 18, 1S68, he 
was commissioned lieutenant-commander in the regular 
navy. He was attached to the navy-yard at New York 
during 1868, and then made a three years' cruise in the 
sloop-of-war "Portsmouth," of the South Atlantic Squad- 
ron, 1869-71. From 1872 to 1876 he was attached to 
the hydrographic office at Washington, and then com- 
manded the " Gettysburg" (fourth rate), on special service 
in the Mediterranean, from 1S76 to 1879. 

In 1880 he was upon leave of absence, and was employed 
in conveying the Egyptian obelisk, now in Central Park-, 
in New York, from Alexandria, Egypt, to its destination. 




A steamer, called the " Dessoug," was purchased for this 
purpose, and the ingenious and seaman-like manner in 
which he placed the huge monolith securely in her hold, 
and the safety with which he transported it, secured 
general admiration and approval. 

After this he was engaged in a ship-building operation 
in Philadelphia, having been granted leave of absence for 
that purpose. He died in 1883. 

Lieutenant-Commander Gorringe suffered much from 
a wound of the leg, received during the war, which never 
closed. This, with malarial troubles due to his long and 
continuous service in the Mississippi, no doubt hastened 
his death. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




ASSISTANT SECRETARY OE WAR LEWIS A. GRANT. 

Assistant Secretary of War Lewis A. Grant was 
mustered into the service of the United States September 
16, 1861, at St. Albans, Vermont, as major with the field 
and staff, Fifth Vermont Infantry Volunteers, to serve for 
three years ; was mustered in as lieutenant-colonel, same 
regiment, to date September 25, [861 ; as colonel, same 
regiment, to elate September 16, 1862. The regiment 
was assigned to the Army of the Potomac, and partici- 
pated in the advance of that army in the spring of 1862. 
During his service with the Fifth Vermont Infantry Vol- 
unteers, that regiment took part in the following battles: 
Yorktown, Virginia, April 4 and May 4, 1862; Williams- 
burg, Virginia, May 5, [862; Golding's Farm, Virginia, 
June 28, [862 ; Savage Station, Virginia, June 29, [862 ; 
White Oak Swamp, Virginia, June 30, 1862 ; Crampton's 
Gap, Maryland, September 14, 1862; Antietam, Mary- 
land, September 17, 1862, and Fredericksburg, Virginia, 
December 13-14, 1862. 

He was honorably discharged as colonel to date May 
20, 1864, to enable him to accept an appointment as 
brigadier-general of volunteers, lie was appointed brig- 
adier-general U. S. Volunteers April 27, [864; accepted 
appi lintment May 2 1 , 1864. 

He commanded the Second Brigade, Second Division, 
Sixth Army Corps, from February 21, 1863, to Decern 
ber 29, 1863; from February 2, 1S64, to September 29, 
1S64, and from October 8, 1864, to December 2, 1864; 



the Second Division, Sixth Corps, from December 2, 
[864, to February 11, 1 865 , the Second Brigade, same 
division, from February 11, 1865, to February 20, 1865, 
and from March 7, 1865, to June 28, 1865. 

The following is a list of the battles in which he par- 
ticipated as a brigade or division commander : Freder- 
icksburg and Salem Heights, Virginia, May 3 to 5, 1863 ; 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 2 and 3, 1863; Fairfield, 
Pennsylvania, July 5, 1863; Rappahannock Station, Vir- 
ginia, November 8, 1863; Mine Run, Virginia, Novem- 
ber 27, 1863; Wilderness, Virginia, May 5 to 7, 1864; 
Spottsylvania Court-House, Virginia, May 8 to 21, 1S64; 
Cold Harbor, Virginia, June I to 12, 1S64; siege of 
Petersburg, Virginia, June 18 to July 10, 1864; Charles- 
town, Virginia, August 21, 1864; Gilbert's Crossing, 
Virginia, September 13, 1864; siege of Petersburg. Vir- 
ginia, December, 1864, to April, 1865 ; assault on Peters- 
burg, Virginia, April 2. 1865 ; Sailor's Creek, April 6, 1S65. 

At the close of the war General Grant was hon- 
ored with the commission of brevet major-general U. S. 
Volunteers, to date from October 19, 1864, "for gallant 
and meritorious services in the present campaign before 
Richmond, Virginia, and in the Shenandoah Valley;" 
ami was honorably discharged the service .August 24, 
1805, Under the provisions of the act of Congress ap- 
proved June 3, 1884, and the acts amendatory thereof, he 
is considered as commissioned to the grade of major 
Fifth Vermont Volunteers, to take effect from September 
7, 1 861, to fill an original vacancy. 

He was recommended August 22, 1866, by General 
U. S. Grant, commanding the army of the United States, 
for appointment as a field-officer in the regular army ; 
was appointed August 29, 1866, lieutenant-colonel Thirty- 
sixth Regiment U. S. Infantry, to date from July 28, 1866, 
and declined the appointment November 6, 1S66. 

General Grant's field services were with or in command 
of the celebrated Vermont brigade whose fighting quali- 
ties were so well known in the Army of the Potomac, 
and whose soldierly dependence was of such character 
that it was transferred, with the regular division of the 
Army of the Potomac, in August, 1863, to New York- 
City, to assist in quelling the riots occasioned there by 
the draft for men. As soon as this duty was completed, 
the troops were, in the fall of the same year, retransferred 
to the field with the Army of the Potomac. 

General Grant was appointed Assistant Secretary of 
War in I S90, which office he now holds. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



173 



GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT, U.S.A. (deceased). 

General Ulysses S. Grant was born at Point Pleas- 
ant, Clermont County, Ohio, April 27, 1 822, and graduated 
at the Military Academy July I, 1843. He was promoted 
brevet second lieutenant of the Fourth Infantry the same 
day, and second lieutenant Fourth Infantry September 30, 
1845. He served first at Jefferson Barracks, and then 
on frontier duty at Natchitoches (Camp Salubrity) in 
1844-45, an d then took part in the military occupation 
of Texas and the war with Mexico, being engaged in the 
battles of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey, siege 
of Vera Cruz, battle of Cerro Gordo, capture of San 
Antonio, battle of Churubusco, battle of Molino del Rey, 
storming of Chapultepec, and assault and capture of the 
City of Mexico. He was regimental quartermaster of 
the Fourth Infantry from April 1, 1847, to Jul)- 23, 
1848, and again from September n, 1849, to September 
30, 1853. 

He moved with his regiment to the Pacific coast in 
1852, and was at several different stations. He was pro- 
moted captain August 5, 1853, but resigned Jul)' 31, 

1854 

Upon leaving the army Captain Grant retired to private 
life, and engaged in farming near St. Louis, Missouri. 
Then he became a real estate agent at St. Louis until 
i860, and subsequently a merchant at Galena, Ohio, 
where he resided at the breaking out of the war of the 
Rebellion. 

Entering the volunteer service he was in command 
of a company in April and May, and assisting in organ- 
izing and mustering volunteers into service until June 
17, 1 861, when he was appointed colonel of the Twenty- 
first Illinois Infantry. His first active service was to 
march on Quincy, Illinois, and then guarding the Han- 
nibal and St. Joe Railroad. He was placed in com- 
mand, first at Ironton, then at Jefferson City, and finally 
of the District of Southwestern Missouri, with head- 
quarters at Cape Girardeau. This command was subse- 
quently extended to embrace Southern Illinois and 
Western Kentucky. He had, in the mean time, been 
appointed brigadier-general of volunteers May 17, 
1 861. 

General Grant commenced his operations by first 
seizing Paducah, Kentucky ; then Belmont, and then 
invested and captured Fort Donelson, with fourteen 
thousand six hundred and twenty-three prisoners, and 
much material of war. This being the first real Union 
success of the war placed General Grant before the people 
of the country at large as a rising soldier ; but many old 
officers who had known him in the regular service 
doubted his ability, and attributed his success on this 
occasion to " luck." He was, however, duly recognized, 
and the appointment of major-general of volunteers was 
conferred upon him, to date from February 16, 1862. 




It would be impossible, in this limited sketch, to 
enumerate the campaigns, battles, and actions in which 
this illustrious general participated. He followed up his 
movements to Shiloh, then was placed in command of 
the District of West Tennessee, and was in immediate 
command of the right wing of General Halleck's army, 
and directed the operations about Corinth, the Hatchie, 
and Iuka. He was in command of the Army of the 
Mississippi, in the Vicksburg campaign, in all its various 
manoeuvres, until he again electrified the country by 
the capture of the city of Vicksburg, July 4, 1863, with 
stores and garrison of thirty-one thousand five hundred 
men. For this brilliant affair he was made major-general 
of the U. S. Army. 

General Grant was, on the 1 6th of October, 1863, 
placed in command of the Military Division of the 
Mississippi, including the Armies of the Ohio, Cum- 
berland, and Tennessee, and continued his operations 
up to the battle of Chattanooga, for which he received 
the thanks of Congress December 17, 1863, and a gold 
medal. 

On March 17, 1864, he was placed in command as 
general-in-chief of the armies of the United States, and 
was called to the East to supervise the operations of the 
Army of the Potomac, and commenced in the May fol- 
lowing that celebrated campaign on the line which ter- 
minated on the 9th of April, 1865, in the surrender of 
the Army of Northern Virginia, under General Robert E. 
Lee. 

He was by act of Congress made general of the U. S. 
Army July 25, 1866; but resigned this commission on 
March 4, 1869, having been elected President of the 
United States, and on that day was inaugurated as such. 
After holding this office for eight years, General Grant 
retired to private life, and died at Mt. McGregor, near 
Saratoga, N.Y., July 23, 1885. 



174 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL ADOLPHUS W. GREELY, 

U.S.A. 

Brigadier-General Adolphus W. Greei.v (Chief 
Signal-officer) was born in Massachusetts. He entered 
the volunteer service in the early part of the war of the 
Rebellion, as private of Company B, Nineteenth Massa- 
chusetts Infantry, July 26, 1861. lie was afterwards 
promoted corporal and first sergeant of the same corn- 
pan)-, and served to March 18, 1863, in the field with the 
Army of the Potomac, participating in the Peninsula 
campaign, and was engaged at the siege of Yorktown, 
action of West Point, battles of Fair Oaks, Peach Or- 
chard, Savage Station, White < fak Swamp, where he was 
wounded, and the battle "I Malvern Hill, Virginia, in 
1862. He participated in the Maryland campaign, and 
was engaged in the battle of Antietam, where he was 
again wounded. Pie also participated in the Rappahan- 
nock campaign, and was engaged at the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg, Virginia, in 1862. 

On the [8th of March, [863, he was appointed second 
lieutenant of the Eighty-first United States Colored 
Infantry, promoted first lieutenant April 26, 1864, and 
captain April 4, 1S65. With this regiment Lieutenant 
finely served in the field with the Army of the South- 
west, and was engaged in the siege' of Port Hudson, 



Louisiana. At the close of the war he was ordered on 
recruiting duty, and was honorably mustered out of the 
volunteer service March 22, 1S67, having been appointed 
second lieutenant of the Thirty-sixth United States In- 
fantry March 7, 1867. On the consolidation of regi- 
ments, in 1 869, Lieutenant Greely was unassigned, but on 
the 14th of July, of that year, he was assigned to the 
Fifth Cavalry. He was brevetted major of volunteers 
for faithful and meritorious services during the war. 

After joining the Fifth Cavalry he was on frontier duty 
in the West to 1 869 ; on staff duty at Omaha to 1871 ; 
was assigned to duty in the office of the chief signal- 
officer of the army, where he served until lune, 1881, 
and was employed as a station inspector, as superintend- 
ent of the construction of military telegraph lines in 
Texas, and as a general assistant in the Washington 
office. 

He was promoted first lieutenant May 27, 1875, and 
captain June 1 1, 1886. 

He was assigned to the command of the Arctic expe- 
dition of 1880, but the order was subsequently revoked, 
because of an unfavorable report made by a board of 
naval officers upon the vessel which had been selected 
for the service. The Lady Franklin Bay expedition was 
then organized during the spring and summer of 1881, 
and in July he sailed from St. John's, Newfoundland, 
in command, with the intention of remaining absent for 
two years. The object of the expedition was to establish 
a supply and meteorological station at Lady Franklin 
Bay and make explorations northward from that place. 
Lieutenant Greely was for six years a student of Arctic 
explorations, and his experiences of twelve years in the 
signal service in the army, particularly in compiling ob- 
servations and forecasting the daily weather reports, 
were such as to qualify him for the scientific part of the 
work ; the results of his researches have added valuable 
information to the subject of Arctic explorations, although 
his expedition met with the misfortune of being ship- 
wrecked, and the entire party reduced to a state of star- 
vation before the remnants of it were discovered by a 
naval expedition sent to their relief. 

On the 3d of March, 1887, Captain Greely was ap- 
pointed brigadier-general and chief signal-officer, and 
since that time has been on duty at Washington, D. C. 



WHO SERVED 1 TV THE CIVIL WAR. 



'75 



COMMANDER JAMES G. GRF.F.N, U.S.N. 

Commander James G. Green was a native of Massa- 
chusetts, and entered the navy as master's mate May 18, 
1861. He served in the U.S. S. "Mississippi" until 
November 27, 1862, — passing the forts at New Or- 
leans. 

He was promoted to acting ensign November 27, 1862, 
and transferred to U. S. S. " Katahdin," and served in 
that vessel on the blockade off Galveston until December, 
1863. 

He was ordered to U. S. S. " Wyalusing" in 1864, and 
served in the sounds of North Carolina and in the fight 
with the ram " Albemarle." 

Promoted to acting master August 1 1, 1864, and was 
ordered to command the torpedo tug " Belle," serving on 
that vessel in the North Carolina sounds until the close 
of the war, being present at the final capture of Plymouth. 
Afterwards he was attached to the " New Hampshire," 
" Don," " Osceola," " Vermont," and " Constellation." "Huron," and, later, transferred them to the Naval 

Having been transferred to the regular service, as ' Cemetery, Annapolis. 
master, March 12, 1868, he served on the Asiatic Sta- He was attached to the " Palos," Asiatic Station, 1878 
tion, in the "Aroostook" and " Ashuelot," from 1868 to to 1S81. 
1 87 1. At the hydrographic office, Washington, D. C, from 

On December 18, 1868, he was promoted to lieutenant, I 1SS1 to 1883. 
and to lieutenant-commander July 3, 1870. He was on the "Galena" from 1883 to 1886; and 

He was attached to the receiving-ship "Ohio" from promoted to commander March 6, 1887. 
1871 to 1S73, and to the Asiatic Station from 1873 to , He commanded the " Alert" from 1888 to 1889, and 
1876. the "Adams" in 1890. 

While attached to the navy-yard at Norfolk he was He was light-house inspector, Sixth District, from 1890 
sent to recover the dead washed ashore from the U. S. S. I to 1892. 




t;6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




CAPTAIN GEORGE GORDON GREENOUGH. U.S.A. 

Captain George Gordon Greenough (Fourth Artil- 
lery) comes of one of the oldest Boston families, and is 
descended from the ducal family of the Scottish clan 
Gordon. In one line he descends from the English Co- 
lonial Governor Treat, of Connecticut. His grand-uncle, 
Major Samuel Treat, was killed at Fort Mifflin, in the 
Revolutionary War. From his mother he is connected 
with Judge Cushing, of the U. S. Supreme Court, and 
with General Lincoln, of Revolutionary fame, and of the 
Burrs, of Massachusetts, of which Aaron Burr was a 
member. 

Captain Greenough was born at Washington, D. C, 
December 8, [844, and at eleven years old was placed at 
a French school in Paris, where he received his early 
education. In his sixteenth year he returned home and 
entered the West Point .Military Academy June 1, 
1 861. 

During his furlough year he had a great desire to see 
real active service with the army, which was strength- 
ened by the invasion of the Confederates north of the 
Potomac, and hastening to the front he was placed upon 
the staff of Major-General W. H. French, commanding 
the Third Army Corps, in the extreme advance, and was 
sent forward with Colonel Julius Hayden, inspector- 
general Third Army Corps, to the front line of skir- 
mishing on a tour of observation at Falling Waters, Vir- 
ginia, on the slope near the river, where they were under 
a heavy artillery fire from the opposite bank. He re- 
mained with the army on General French's staff as long 
as his furlough permitted. 

General French in his report of the actions of Wapping 
Height and Manassas Gap, July 23, 1863, says, "I would 
also mention Cadet Greenough acting aide-de-camp, who 
conveyed my orders with precision, and exhibited great 
coolness under fire." 



Cadet Greenough graduated from the U. S. Military 
Academy June, 1865 ; was commissioned second lieu- 
tenant on the 23d in the Twelfth Infantry, his commission 
as first lieutenant is dated the 23d of June, 1865, and he 
was appointed acting regimental adjutant of the Twelfth 
at Washington, 1865-66. In September, 1866, he was 
transferred to the Twenty-first Infantry and was stationed 
at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in command of Company G. 
Lieutenant Greenough left the post July, 1868, to report 
for duty as instructor at West Point. 

On the 15th of December, 1870, Lieutenant Greenough 
was assigned to the Fourth Artillery, and early in 1873 
he joined Battery G at Black Point, California, with which 
he served in the field through the Modoc war. During 
the time the troops were in the Black Lava, near the 
Indians, Lieutenant Greenough went to his battalion com- 
mander, Colonel Mendenhall, and offered to take Battery 
G into the Black Lava at night, and attack the Indian 
camp early in the morning; his idea was that the re- 
mainder of the troops should be moved up in readiness 
to attack from different points as soon as the firing 
began. Later he volunteered to carry despatches alone, 
or with an escort of two men, through the Lava Beds; 
he was not permitted to carry out either of these projects 
on account of the extreme danger. 

At the close of the Modoc war he was detailed with 
Captain Hasbrook to convey the Modoc prisoners to 
Camp McPherson, Nevada, in October, 1873. Subse- 
quently he commanded Battery K, Fourth Artillery, in 
the Powder River winter campaign against the Sioux and 
Cheyenne Indians with General Crook. 

On the 5th of September, 1875, he started for the 
field in the campaign against the Shoshones, his pla- 
toon with two field-pieces, as artillery, the rest as cav- 
alry, and rendezvoused in Eastern Nevada, stopped the 
rising without fighting, and returned to the Presidio on 
the 4th of October. 

He was detailed Ma)' 7, 1877, as professor of military 
science at the University of California, at Berkeley. In 
1879 he went to Fort Canby. Then he went to Fort 
Monroe, Virginia, until May 1, 1882, and then went to 
Fort Adams. 

On December 1, [883, he was commissioned captain 
Fourth Artillery, and stationed at Fort Adams, Rhode 
Island, and Fort Warren, Massachusetts, from whence 
he joined the head-quarters of his regiment at Fort 
McPherson, Georgia, May 29, 1889. 

Captain Greenough has made several important inven- 
tions, among which may be mentioned a reloading ap- 
paratus for reloading shells ; a field gun-carriage, and a 
very complete range-finder for sea-coast defences, by 
which several vessels may be followed at once without 
confusion or delay. He has written on several impor- 
tant professional questions.- 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



^77 



REAR-ADMIRAL JAMES A. GREER. U.S.N. 

Rear-Admiral James A. Greek was born in Ohio 
February 28, 1833, and appointed midshipman from that 
State January 10, 1848. He served in the "Saratoga" 
and " Saranac" of the I lome Squadron up to 1 850 ; sloop- 
of-war "St. Mary's," Pacific Squadron, 1850-52; frigate 
"Columbia," Home Squadron, 1853. Then went to the 
U.S. Naval Academy for the usual courseof stud)-. Passed 
midshipman June 15, 1854; served in the razee " Indepen- 
dence," in the Pacific, 1854-57 ; promoted to master Sep- 
tember 15, 1855 ; commissioned as lieutenant September 
16, 1 855. After serving at the navy-yard at Norfolk made 
the Paraguay Expedition in the" Southern Star," 1858-59; 
steamers " Sumter" and " San Jacinto," coast of Africa, 
1859-61 ; on return, assisted in the removal of Mason 
and Slidell from the English mail-steamer " Trent ;" 
lieutenant-commander July 16, 1862; sloop "St. Louis," 
special service, 1862-63; Mississippi Squadron, 1863-65 ; 
commanded steamers " Carondelet" and " Benton," and a 
division of Admiral Porter's fleet; was at the passage of 
Vicksburg April 16, 1863; fought the batteries of Grand 
Gulf for five hours April 29, 1863, — an incident of this 
action was the killing and wounding of twenty-two per- 
sons on board the " Benton" by one projectile ; in the Red 
River Expedition in May, 1863; was engaged in the 
combined attack- on Vicksburg May 22, 1863, and was 
almost constantly under fire during the forty-five days of 
the siege of Vicksburg. Lieutenant Greer was engaged 
in the Red River Expedition during March and April, 
1864, and frequently engaged with small bodies of Con- 
federate troops and guerillas. In August and Septem- 
ber, 1864, he was sent to Cincinnati, Ohio, to inquire into 
and correct abuses which existed at the Naval Recruit- 
ing Station at that place. He was then in command of 
the naval station at Mound City, Illinois, being trans- 
ferred thence to the' command of the flag-ship " Black 
Hawk." During this time he was charged by Admiral 
Lee with the selecting, purchasing, and contracting for 
the conversion into gun-boats of ten river steamers ; also 
had charge of the convoying of army transports from 
Johnsonville up the Tennessee River. 

During a portion of 1865 and [866 was stationed at 
the Naval Academy, Annapolis, and commissioned as 
commander in July of the latter year. Commanded 
steamer " Mohongo," North Pacific Squadron, 1866-67. 
Dining his command of "Mohongo," he remained four 
months at Acapulco, Mexico, to protect American in- 




terests, which were endangered by the convulsion upon 
the fall of Maximilian ; the State Department commended 
him for his course there. 

He commanded the " Tuscarora," North Pacific Squad- 
ron, 1868; on ordnance duty, Philadelphia Navy- Yard, 
1868-69 ; Naval Academy, 1869-73. In 1873 com- 
manded purchased steamer " Tigress" on the " Polaris" 
Relief Expedition. In one month after sailing from New 
York found the wreck of " Polaris" at Littleton Island, 
latitude 78 23', North Greenland. Cruised in search of 
the people, who had left in their boats, without success, in 
Baffin's Bay and Davis's Straits, until October 8, when it 
was deemed expedient to return. 

He was upon the Board of Inspection in 1874-75 ; com- 
manding " Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1875-77 ; com- 
missioned captain April 26, 1876; commanding training 
frigate " Constitution," 1S77. In 1878 commanded sloop 
" Constellation," which took exhibits to France for the 
Paris Exposition ; commanded steamer" Hartford," South 
Atlantic, in 1879; Board of Inspection, 1880-82; navy- 
yard, Washington, 1882-84; president of Naval Exam- 
ining and Retiring Boards, 1885-87; commissioned as 
commodore, May 19, 1886 ; as acting rear-admiral, com- 
manded the European Station, 1887-89; president of 
Board on Organization, Tactics, and Drills, 1889; presi- 
dent of Examining and Retiring Boards, 1S90; member 
of the Board of Visitors of the Naval Academy, 1891 ; 
chairman of the Light-House Board, and now serving as 
such; April 3, 1892, commissioned as rear-admiral. 



2 3 



i 7 8 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR STEPHEN W. GROESBECK, U.S.A. 

Major Stephen W. Groesbeck (Sixth Infantry) was 
born in Albany, New York, November 26, 1S40. At the 
breaking out of the Rebellion he was teaching school 
in fowa. Encouraged by his uncle, Stephen Walley, of 
Williamstown, Massachusetts, he had prepared himself 
tn enter Williams College, but, like many young men of 
the period, he chose reluctantly to forego the advantages 
of school to enter the service. He enlisted as a private 
in the Fourth Iowa Cavalry on October 28, 1861 ; was 
mustered in as company quartermaster-sergeant, and in 
' h tober, 1862, promoted to second lieutenant. < In the 7th 
day of the following month he bore a conspicuous and 
most honorable part in the cavalry engagement at Ma- 
rianna, Arkansas, and later in the same day received in a 
skirmish, among other wounds, a gun-shot wound in the 
left foot, the ball so lodging as to defeat the efforts of the 
surgeons to locate and remove it. Being wholly dis- 
abled he resigned his commission April 4, 1863. In jus- 
tice to him the War Department, in subsequent orders, 
corrected his record to read " honorably mustered out 
\pril 4, [863." A year later, in April, [864, the ball was 
sui 1 essfully removed at Albany, New York. While dis- 
abled, he took' a course of instruction at a commercial 
school ; but, with the restoration of a fair use of his foot, 
he entered Colonel Taggart's military school in Philadel- 
phia, — a school designed to fit young men for commis- 
sions in the volunteer forces. Experience gained with 
troops in the field gave him an advantage at this school, 
and, stimulated by the offer of a commission in the 
Veteran Reserve Corps, he quickly accomplished the 
course of instruction, graduating ahead of students who 
had preceded him from six to eighteen months. lie 
accepted a commission as second lieutenant in the Vet- 
eran Reserve Corps in November, [864. 



In January, 1 866, he was assigned to duty in the 
Bureau of Refugees, Frecdmen, and Abandoned Lands, 
at Nashville. Here he served a short time as aide-de- 
camp on the staff of Brigadier-General Clinton B. Fisk, 
commanding the District of Tennessee ; and, later, as 
acting assistant adjutant-general to the assistant com- 
missioner of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and 
Abandoned Lands until March, 1868. While stationed 
in Nashville he read law with D. W. Peabody, of the 
law-firm of Bradley & Peabody, with a view to better 
equip himself for the important and often very delicate 
duties devolving upon officers serving in the South 
during the reconstruction period; and of ultimately 
making the law his profession. He served as a volun- 
teer until mustered out in January, 1867, to accept a 
commission in the regular establishment. 

By consolidation of the I'orty-second Infantry, V.R.C., 
with the Sixth Infantry, he became an officer of the latter 
regiment. He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1875, 
and was soon after appointed adjutant of his regiment, 
and served as such for five years. During the greater 
part of the years [881—82 he served as acting judge- 
advocate of the Department of the Missouri, and for a 
short time in [882 as instructor of law at the Fort Leav- 
enworth School of Application. In 1885 he was again 
appointed adjutant of his regiment, serving in that ca- 
pacity for three years, when he resigned the office to 
accept that of acting judge-advocate of the Department 
of Dakota; he served in this position from November r, 
1886, to April 28, 1891. He was promoted captain in 
July, 1889. 

He is a member of the bar. His earl)' reading in the 
law led to his special availability as a judge-advocate of 
courts-martial, and as acting judge-advocate of military 
departments, in which fields he has established an en- 
viable reputation for judicial fairness, ami for able and 
accurate work, which led to his appointment as major 
and judge-advocate U. S. Army, at the death of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Curtis, on February 12, 1892. 

An eye-witness of the fight at Marianna expresses him- 
self as follows : 

" Lieutenant Stephen W. Groesbeck placed himself 
at the head of deponent's company, and appealed to 
them to follow him, and did lead it in a full charge in 
column upon the left of the enemy's line, broke the line, 
and, pursuing the advantages so gained, had put the 
whole force of the enemy to flight before the main 
command could come up to participate in the skirmish. 
. . . Considering the fact that Lieutenant Groesbeck was 
compelled to assume command under fire, the inspiration 
his manner gave to the men of deponent's company, 
and the vigor and success of the charge, ... he deems 
that this (then young) officer's conduct on that day was 
of unusual gallantry and merit." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



i/9 



CAPTAIN FRANK C. GRUGAN, U.S.A. 

Captain Frank C. Grugan (Second Artillery) was 
born in Pennsylvania April 4, 1842, and earl}- in the war 
of the Rebellion entered the volunteer service as a 
private in an independent company of heavy artillery, 
June 4, [861, and served at Fort Delaware to August 5, 
1 86 1. He was appointed second lieutenant of the One 
Hundred and Fourteenth Pennsylvania Infantry August 
15, 1862, and promoted first lieutenant September 1, 1863, 
serving in the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, 
and engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancel- 
lorsville, action of Orange Grove, operations at Mine- 
Run, actions of Auburn, Brandy Station, Kelly's Ford, 
battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, 
Cold Harbor, siege and capture of Petersburg, battle of 
Hatcher's Run, and the campaign ending in the surrender 
of General R. E. Lee April 9, 1865. 

Lieutenant Grugcn was appointed first lieutenant of 
the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry December 19, 1864, and 
was transferred to the Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry May 8, 
1865, from which he was honorably mustered out Au- 
gust 7, 1865. He then entered the regular service as a 
private of the general service August 18, 1865, and 
served first at Richmond, Virginia, and then was placed 
on duty in the War Department to May, 1866, having 
been appointed second lieutenant of the Second Cavalry 
April 25, 1866, and brevetted first lieutenant for " gallant 
and meritorious services at the battle of Hatcher's Run, 
Virginia," and captain for "gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices during the war." 

Captain Grugan joined the Second Cavalry on the 
Plains, and served at Forts Laramie and Casper, Wyoming, 
and in the field during 1866-67; then at Camp Stam- 
baugh, Wyoming ; Fort Ellis, Montana; and in the field 
from 1870 to 1873. He was then detailed on signal duty, 
under the chief signal-officer of the army, from 1873 to 
1879, when he was ordered to the Artillery School at 
Fort Monroe, Virginia, he having been transferred to the 
Second Artillery, April 11, 1879, as first lieutenant, he 
having reached that rank in the cavalry November 1 , 1 867. 




After remaining at Fort Monroe until 1882, he was 
placed on special duty with the chief signal-officer of the 
army from June to October of the same year, when he 
was relieved, and served with a light battery at Washing- 
ton City until March, 1885. He was promoted captain 
March [8, 1885, and commanded Battery B, Second 
Artillery, at Fort Barrancas, Florida, to March, 1889. 
At this time he was transferred to Light Battery A, and 
served with it at Little Rock Barracks, Arkansas, and 
Fort Riley, Kansas, to July, 1S91. 

Upon being relieved from light battery duty he was 
ordered to Fort Adams, Rhode Island, in command of 
Battery H, and is at the present time on duty at that 
station. 

Captain Grugan filled the position of aide and acting 
assistant adjutant-general of the First Brigade, First 
Division, Third Army Corps, in the Army of the Potomac, 
to April, 1 864. He was post adjutant at the head-quarters 
of the Army of the Potomac to December, 1864. He 
was adjutant of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry to May, 
1865, and regimental quartermaster of the Second Cavalry 
from November, 1867, to July, 1870. 



i8o 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




G )MMODORK JOHN GUEST, U.S.N, (deceased). 

Commodore John Guest was a native of Missouri, 
but was appointed midshipman from Arkansas in De- 
cember, [837. For several years he served in the West 
India Squadron, in the "Levant," "Constellation," 
" Boston," and "Warren." Having completed his sea- 
service .is midshipman, lie was ordered to the naval 
school, then at the Naval Asylum, at Philadelphia, and 
passed in June, 1S43. For some time after he served in 
the " Poinsett," in the survey of Tampa P>ay ; and was 
then attached to the frigate "Congress," of the Pacific 
Squadron, for three years. This was during the Mexican 
War, and Commodore Guest took- part in the battle of 
San Gabriel, January, 1848, and the battle at Mesa, 
California, January 9, 1848. 

1 le was commissioned as lieutenant in December, [850, 
when he served in the sloop-of-war " Plymouth," and 
the steam-frigate " Susquehanna," and was in the Japan 
Expedition, and at the first landing in that country, 
under Commodore Matthew C. Perry. During- subse- 
quent servici in the East India Squadron, from 1X51 to 
1 855, he boarded the Chinese man-of-war, " Sir 1 1. C< imp- 
ton," at Shanghai, with a cutter from the "Plymouth," 
and liberated a pilot-boat's crew, who were under the 



protection of our flag. In April, 1S54, was second in 
command of the " Plymouth,'' Captain John Kelley, in a 
severe and victorious action at Shanghai, to prevent 
aggression upon foreign residents. 

Upon his return he was on duty at Washington, and 
then served in the " Niagara," which laid the first cable- 
across the Atlantic, 1857-58. During 1859 he was on 
rendezvous duty in Philadelphia. 

In i860 he was again ordered to the frigate " Niagara," 
employed in taking home the first Japanese embassy 
which visited our country. 

When the troublous times of 1861 came, Lieutenant 
Guest for some time commanded the " Niagara," of the 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron. During this period, 
in command of the boats of " Niagara," he cut out the 
schooner " Aid," which was under the protection of the 
guns of Fort Morgan, at the entrance to Mobile Bay. 

In 1862 he was in command of the " Owasco," and in 
her participated in the passage of the forts below New 
Orleans, the capture of that city and the battles on the 
Mississippi River up to and including Vicksburg, 1862. 

He was made commander in July, 1862, and served in 
the " Owasco" at the fight and capture of the Galveston 
forts. 

In 1863 he was in command of monitor "Sangamon," 
of the South Atlantic Squadron. The "Sangamon" was 
the first United States vessel to be fitted with a spar 
torpedo, the invention of her commander. During 1864 
he commanded " Galatea," on convoy duty in the West 
Indies. In the latter part of that year, and 1865, he 
commanded " Iosco," at both attacks upon Fort Fisher. 
He was commissioned captain in 1866, and commodore 
in December, 1872, when he became senior officer of the 
Board of Inspection, and continuing as such until 1876. 

He became commandant of the navy-yard, Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, in 1877, and died there, while 
still in command, January, 1879. 

Commodore Guest was one of the most active and 
daring officers of the navy, and was repeatedly com- 
mended by commanders of squadrons on that account. 
At Fort Fisher the " Iosco's" fire twice cut away the 
flag-staff of the Mound Battery. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



1S1 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL PETER C. HAINS, U.S.A. 

Lieutenant- Colonel Peter C. Hains (Corps of 
Engineers) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, July 
6, 1840. He was graduated from the U. S. Military 
Academy in the Class of June, [861, and appointed a first 
lieutenant in the Second Regiment of Artillery. Imme- 
diately on graduating he repaired, with other members of 
his class, to Washington, and was assigned to the drilling 
of volunteer troops, at that time assembling at the capital. 

As an artillery officer he was engaged in the first battle 
of Bull Run, in the siege of Yorktown, in the battles of 
Williamsburg, Hanover Court-House, and Malvern II ill 
(July 1). 

In Jul}-, 1862, he was transferred to the Corps of Topo- 
graphical Engineers, but continued to serve with the 
artillery. In the second battle of Malvern Hill his bat- 
tery commander, the gallant Captain Benson, was mortally 
wounded, and the command devolved on him. He con- 
tinued in the command of the battery, being engaged 
in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, as well 
as in several skirmishes prior and subsequent to those 
battles, until the latter part of September, 1862, when he- 
was assigned as assistant topographical engineer at the 
head-quarters Army of the Potomac. 

When the Army of the Potomac was organized into 
three grand divisions, he was assigned as chief topo- 
graphical engineer of the Centre Grand Division, Major- 
General Hooker commanding, participating in the battle 
of Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 13, 1862, and con- 
tinued with the Army of the Potomac until March, 1863, 
when he was transferred to the Arm}- of the Tennessee, 
at that time about to begin the turning movement that 
resulted in the capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi. 

He was assigned to duty as chief engineer of the 
Thirteenth Arm)' Corps, and participated in the battles 
of Port Gibson, Champion Hills, Black River Bridge, the 
two assaults on Vicksburg, and conducted, throughout 
the entire siege, the operations in front of the Thirteenth 
Army Corps. After the surrender, he accompanied Sher- 
man's army in its operations against Johnston, which 
resulted in the capture of Jackson, Mississippi. 

In August, 1863, he was assigned to the duty of con- 
structing an intrenched camp at Natchez, Mississippi, 
and remained there until April, [864, when he was trans- 
ferred to General Banks's army, at that time returning 
from the Red River campaign. He joined Banks's army 
at the mouth of the Red River, and in July, 1804, after 
the army had returned to New Orleans, he was assigned 
to duty as chief engineer of the Department of the Gulf. 

Early in 1865 he was offered the command of a regi- 
ment of volunteers from New Jersey, the State from which 
he was appointed, but, owing to the scarcity of engineer 
officers at that time, was not allowed by the War Depart- 




ment to accept it. Subsequently — in June, 1865 — he was 
appointed by Governor Parker, of New Jersey, colonel of 
the Tenth New Jersey Volunteers, but, as the war was 
about closed, he was not mustered into the volunteer 
service. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Hains received the brevet of cap- 
tain for " gallant and meritorious services in the battle 
of Hanover Court-House," of major for "gallant and 
meritorious services in the siege of Vicksburg," and of 
lieutenant-colonel for " gallant and meritorious services 
during the war." 

Since the war Lieutenant-Colonel Hains has been 
engaged on various works oi a civil and military nature. 
For three years he was in command of the Faigineer 
Post of Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. Subsequent to 
that he served as engineer of the Fifth and Sixth Light- 
House Districts, and as engineer secretary of the Light- 
Plouse Board. 

In 1882 he was assigned to the charge of the reclama- 
tion of the Potomac flats at Washington, D. C, and con- 
tinued in charge till November, 1891, when that work was 
well advanced towards completion. 

He constructed the new bridge on the piers of the 
old aqueduct at Georgetown, D. C. ; a bridge across the 
Anacostia at the foot of Pennsylvania Avenue ; a large 
iron pier at Fort Monroe, Virginia, and a bridge across 
Mill Creek. 

Besides having served as a member of various boards 
of engineers, he had charge of the improvement of a 
number of rivers and creeks in the States of Virginia and 
Maryland, as well as the defensive works of Hampton 
Roads and the capital. 

The present station of Lieutenant-Colonel Hains is 
Portland, Maine, where he has charge of all river and 
harbor works of improvement and the military works of 
defence of the States of Maine and New Hampshire. 



182 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR-GENERAL HENRY WAGER HALLECK, U.S.A. 
(deceased). 

Major-General Henry Wager Hali.eck was born 
at Waterville, Oneida County, New York, January 15, 
1S15. After studying a short time at Union College, 
he, in 1835, entered the West Point Military Acad- 
emy, and graduated in 1839, when he was promoted 
to the army as second lieutenant in the corps of engi- 
neers, being at the same time appointed assistant pro- 
fessor of engineering at the Academy. In the following 
year he was made an assistant to the board of engineers 
at Washington, D. C, and from 1S41 to 1844 was em- 
ployed in connection with the fortifications of New York 
harbor. 

In 1845, Lieutenant Ilalleck was sent by the govern- 
ment to examine the principal military- establishments of 
Eumpe, and during his absence he was promoted to the 
ranlc of first lieutenant. After his return, he, in the 
winter of 1845-46, delivered at the Lowell Institute, 
Boston, a course of twelve lectures on the science of war, 
published in [846, under the title of " Elements of Mili- 
tary Art and Science," and republished with additions, 
in 1861. 

On the outbreak of the Mexican War, Lieutenant 
Ilalleck, in 1 N4' >. as military engineer, accompanied the 
expedition to California and the Pacific coast, where he 
distinguished himself not only as an engineer, but by his 
administrative skill as secretary of state, and by his 
presence of mind and bravery in several skirmishes with 



the enemy. In 1847, he was brevetted to the rank of 
captain. He continued for several years tp act on the 
staff of General Riley, in California, holding at the same 
time the office of Secretary of State of the Province ; 
and he took a leading part in framing the State Consti- 
tution of California, on its being admitted into the Union. 

In 1852 he was appointed inspector and engineer of 
light-houses, and in 1853 was promoted captain of engi- 
neers. He, however, in 1854, resigned his commission 
in the army, in order to devote his chief attention to the 
practice of law, which he had already, for some time, 
carried on ; and so great was his success in his profession 
that the firm of which he was senior partner soon ob- 
tained one of the largest legal businesses in the State. 
He was also, from 1850, a director of the New Almaden 
Quicksilver Mine, and in 1855 he became president of 
the Pacific and Atlantic Railroad, from San Francisco to 
San Jose. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was, in August, 
1 86 1 , appointed major-general of the United States Army, 
and in the following November was appointed com- 
mander of the Western Department, where he conducted 
the campaign against the Confederates, which caused the 
evacuation of the strongly-fortified city of Corinth. In 
July, 1862, he was appointed general-in-chief of the 
armies of the United States, — a position he held until 
March, 1S64, when he was succeeded by General Grant, 
and was appointed chief of the staff. 

In April, 1865, General Halleck held the command of 
the Military Division of the James, and in August of the 
same year, of the Military Division of the Pacific, which 
he retained until March, 1869, when he was transferred 
to that of the South, — -a position he held until his death, 
at Louisville, Kentucky, January 9, 187J. 

Besides his work on the " Science of War," General 
Ilalleck was the author of " Bitumen : Its Varieties, 
Properties, and Uses," 1841 ; "The Mining Laws of 
Spain and Mexico," 1859; a translation of De Fooz, 
"On the Law of Mines," with an introduction, i860; 
" International Law," I S6 1 ; a translation of Jomini's 
"Life of Napoleon," 1864; and a "Treatise on Inter- 
national Law and the Laws of War, prepared for the 
use of Schools and Colleges," 1866. 

He was appointed professor of engineering in the 
Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard University, Mas- 
sachusetts, September 28, 184s, which he declined. The 
degree of A.M. was conferred upon him by Union Col- 
lege, New York, in 1843, and that of LL.D. in 1862. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



133 



MAJOR-GENERAL WINFIELD S. HANCOCK, U.S.A. 
(deceased). 

Major-General Winfield S. Hancock was born in 
Pennsylvania, and graduated from the U. S. Military 
Academy July i, 1844. He was assigned to the Sixth 
Infantry as brevet second lieutenant July 1, 1844, and 
served on frontier duty at Fort Towson, Indian Territory, 
1844.-45, ami at Fort Washington, Indian Territory, 
1845-47. Promoted second lieutenant Sixth Infantry 
Jul} - 1, 1846. He participated in the war with Mexico, 
1 847-48, being engaged with the defence of convoy at the 
National Bridge August 12, 1847; the skirmish at Place 
del Rio August 15, 1847; the capture of San Antonio 
August 20, 1847; the battle of Churubusco August 20, 
1847; the battle of Molino del Rey September 8, 1847, 
and the assault and capture of the City of Mexico Sep- 
tember 13-14, 1847. 

He was brevetted first lieutenant August 20, 1847, for 
gallant and meritorious conduct in the battles of Contre- 
ras and Churubusco, Mexico. He was promoted first 
lieutenant Sixth Infantry January 27, 1853, and from 
June 19 to November 2/, 1855, he was on duty at head- 
quarters Department of the West. He was appointed 
captain and assistant quartermaster November 7, 1855, 
and was with troops at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 
quelling the Kansas disturbances in 1857; was with the 
head-quarters of the Utah reinforcements in 1858, and 
with the Sixth Infantry on the march from Fort Bridger, 
Utah, to California, the same year. 

He was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers Sep- 
tember 23, 1 861, and served during the war of the 
Rebellion, participating in the defence of Washington, 
D. C, and in the Virginia Peninsula campaign, Army of 
the Potomac ; being engaged in the siege of Yorktown ; 
in the battles of Williamsburg, Chickahominy, Golding's 
Farm, Savage Station, and White Oak Swamp. He- 
conducted the retreat to Harrison's Landing Jul}' 1-4, 
and the movement to Centrcville, Virginia, August to 
September, 1862. Was in the Maryland campaign, Army 
of the Potomac, being engaged in the battles of Cramp- 
ton's Pass, South Mountain, and Antietam. He conducted 
the reconnoissances from Harper's Ferry to Charleston, 
Virginia, October 10-11, and the march to Falmouth, 
Virginia, October to November, 1862. 

He was appointed major-general of U. S. Volunteers 
November 29, 1862. During the Rappahannock cam- 
paign he was engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg 
and Chancellorsville, and in the Pennsylvania cam- 
paign was in command of Second Corps of the Army 
of the Potomac, being engaged in the battle of Gettys- 
burg, where he was severely wounded in the repulse of 
Longstreet's attack upon the left centre, which he com- 
manded. 




The thanks of Congress were tendered him May 30, 
1866, " for his gallant, meritorious, and conspicuous share 
in the great and decisive victory." 

He was promoted major and quartermaster U. S. Army 
November 30, 1863. Commanded and recruited Sec- 
ond .Army Corps, January to March, 1864, and par- 
ticipated in the Richmond campaign, commanding Sec- 
ond Corps of the Arm}- of the Potomac, being en- 
gaged in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, 
North Anna, Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor, and operations 
in its vicinity ; and the battle before Petersburg June 
16-18, 1864. 

During the operations in the vicinity of Petersburg, he 
was in command of the Second Corps Army of the 
Potomac, and engaged in the battles of Deep Bottom, 
Ream's Station, Boydton Plank Road, and the siege of 
Petersburg, Virginia, June 15 to Nov. 26, 1864. He 
was promoted brigadier-general U. S. Army August 12, 
1864. 

Prom November 27, 1864, to February 27, 1865, he- 
was at Washington, D. C, organizing the First Army 
Corps of Veterans, and from February 27 to July 18, 
1865, he was in command of Department of West Vir- 
ginia, and temporarily of the Middle Division and Army 
of the Shenandoah. 

He was brevetted major-general U. S. Army Novem- 
ber 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services at the 
battle of Spottsylvania, Virginia. He was in command 
of the Middle Department from Jul}- 18, 1865, to Au- 
gust 10, 1866, and of the Department of Missouri from 
August 20, 1866. During part of 1867 he was engaged 
in an expedition against the Indians on the Plains. 

General Hancock commanded also for man}- years the 
Department of the East, and was a candidate for the 
Presidency of the United States in 1880. He died Feb- 
ruary 9, 1 886. 



[84 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL MARTIN D. HARDIN. U.S.A. 
(retired). 

Brigadier-General Martin 1). Hardin was born at 
Jacksonville, Morgan County, Illinois, June 26, 1837. 
His great-grandfather, John Hardin, was an officer of 
Morgan's Rifles in the Revolutionary War ; his grand- 
father, Martin D. Hardin, was a Senator from Kentucky, 
and served with distinction as an officer under General 
Harrison in the war of iNu; his father, John J. Hardin, 
was a prominent lawyer in Illinois, served in Congress 
as a member in [843 and 1844, and was killed at the 
battle of Buena Vista, Mexico, while commanding the 
First Illinois Volunteers. 

General Hardin graduated at West point in 1859, and 
was attached to the Third Art.; served at the Artillery 
School at Fortress Monroe, and accompanied the force 
sent to recapture Harper's Ferry at the time of the 
John Brown raid. Joined Major Blake's expedition, 
which left St. Louis, Missouri, May 3, [860. It as- 
cended the Missouri River to its head-waters, crossed 
the Rock) Mountains by Mullan's Road, and reached 
Fori Vancouver in October. Lieut. Hardin was in com- 
mand ol Fort (Jmpequa, Oregon, when the late war 
began. 

He came cast with the Third Art. in the fall of 1 86 1 ; 
served in the defences of Wa hington, ami with Me Call's 
l)i\ision of Pennsylvania Reserves until March, iSoj, 
wa : aide-de-camp to Colonel Hunt, commanding the Ait. 
Reserves, Army of the Potomac, at the siege of York- 
town, and "Seven Hays' Battles" before Richmond. 

He was colonel commanding the Twelfth Regiment 
Pennsylvania Reserves, July 8, 1862, and present in 
Pope's campaign ; was slightly wounded at the battle of 
Groveton, and severely wounded at second Bull Run, 
whilst commanding Third Brigade of the Pennsylvania 



Reserves. Commanded his regiment at Gettysburg, and 
Third Brigade Pennsylvania Reserves at combats of 
Falling Waters, Rappahannock Station, Bristoe Sta- 
tion, and Mine Run campaign. lie was severely 
wounded (losing left arm) whilst commanding troops 
guarding Orange and Alexandria Railroad, December 
14. 1863. 

On light duty January \2 to May, 1864, and then 
commanded First Brigade Pennsylvania Reserves, Third 
Division Fifth Corps, at battles of Spottsylvania, North 
Anna (when slightly wounded), Tolopotomy, and Be- 
thesda Church. In this latter battle the First Brig- 
ade Pennsylvania Reserves was sent to the front to re- 
connoitre. Its skirmishers ran against the Confederate 
breastworks, a short distance in front of the church. 
When the brigade in line reached the church, it halted, 
tore down the fences, piled up the rails, and laid down 
behind these piles. Scarcely were the men in position 
when Ramseur's Confederate division charged down the 
pike. The Confederates came on in such large force, and 
with such an impetus, that the volley from Hardin's 
small brigade made no apparent impression. Soon the 
other brigades of Third Division fifth Corps joined 
Hardin's, and a line of battle was formed across the 
country road. This line the Confederate division, after 
changing front, charged. The Confederates were re- 
pulsed with severe loss. 

Colonel Hardin was appointed brigadier-general July 
2, 1S64, and assigned to the command of the defences 
of Washington, north of the Potomac. He was en- 
gaged in defence of the Capital against the Confeder- 
ate General Early's army, July, 1 K64. 

These defences had been stripped of the proper garri- 
son to reinforce General Grant's armies. Two regiments 
of one-hundred-day men and a few dismounted batter- 
ies formed the garrison for fourteen miles of defences. 
The entile fence was put on the picket-line, when, meet- 
ing Early's skirmishers ami making a strong resistance, 
the Confederate advance force reported that the forts 
and outworks were fully manned, thus causing General 
Early to delay an attack- in force. This attack would un- 
doubtedly have been successful, had it been made before 
reinforcements to the garrison arrived. 

General Hardin was relieved of the command of the 
defences of Washington, and assigned to command of 
District of Raleigh, North Carolina, August, 1865. 

After the war he served in the Department of the 
Lakes as staff officer, and at times in command of Forts 
Wayne, Porter, or Gratiot. 

Retired as brigadier-general December 15, 1870, for 
loss of left arm and other wounds. He practised law 
in Chicago, and has written a history of the Twelfth 
Reginn nt Pennsylvania Reserves, articles for maga- 
zines, rii 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



1S5 



PAYMASTER H. T. B. HARRIS, U.S.N. 

Paymaster II. T. B. Harris entered the service 
as captain's clerk in March, 1863, on U. S. S. " [no," 
and sailed to the South Atlantic Ocean as convoy to the 
ship " Aquila," with the monitor "Comanche" on board 
in sections, for San Francisco. 

She was convoyed to about 10 ' south latitude, where 
the " Ino" parted with her and proceeded to cruise in 
search of the rebel cruiser " Alabama," reported in that 
locality. The "Ino" cruised for several months with 
quite a number of exciting incidents in the way oi 
false alarms as to identity of different steamers sighted ; 
but the "Alabama," with her well-known elusiveness, wa 
soon reported on the United States coast, — so the " Ino" 
returned to New York, and the commanding officer 
and his clerk went to the steamer "Commodore Bar- 
ney," serving on the rivers and bays of Virginia and 
North Carolina. In May, [864, the " Barney" rendered 
very valuable assistance to the army in repelling Hoke's 
attack on New Berne, firing one hundred and twenty 
rounds with her IX. -inch Dahlgrens and 100-pounder 
Parrott guns. In July of the same year, while the 
" Barney" was at the head of Bachelor's Bay, guarding 
the mouth of Roanoke River, the ram "Albemarle" 
appeared and was hotly engaged by the " Barney" with 
her 100-pounder Parrott and two IX. -inch Dahlgrens, 
which compelled her to return toiler moorings at Ply 
mouth. 

The subject of this sketch was at this time acting as 
signal-officer of the ship, and, in addition to that duty, 
on this occasion, commanded the forward battery of three 
IX. -inch guns with full crews of contrabands. After the 
return of the "Albemarle" to Plymouth, he volunteered 
to go with a boat's-crew at night Lip the Middle River to 
a point opposite Plymouth, cross the swamp to a point 
within two hundred feet of the ram, to observe and report 
upon the apparent damage to her from the shots of the 
" Barney." This duty was fraught with some danger, as 
two of the enemy's picket-stations were passed, and the 
trip through the cane brake was exceedingly difficult 
and fatiguing, but was successfully accomplished, and 
one prisoner taken, — a poor North Carolina conscript, 
going up the river in a canoe to visit his family, who, 




having seen some oi the reconnoitring party, was made 
prisoner to prevent his divulging their presence, which 
would have resulted in their capture. 

Shortly after this the "Barney" returned to Norfolk, 
where the commanding officer and his clerk were trans- 
ferred to the steamer " Emma," of the North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, and served on the Wilmington 
blockade, with much excitement in the chase of blockade- 
runners and frequent exchange of shots with the bat- 
teries, until October, 1864, when the subject of this 
sketch, who had been acting paymaster of the ship for 
two months, during the absence through sickness of the 
duly-appointed officer, was ordered to New York for 
examination for appointment as acting assistant pay- 
master, to which grade he was appointed November 1, 
1864, and ordered to the monitor " Naubuc" at New 
York; afterwards to the " Napa," at Philadelphia. On 
February 21, [867, was appointed assistant paymaster; 
February 17, 1 869, passed assistant paymaster, and Jan- 
uary iS, [88 1, paymaster, having in the meantime served 
in every squadron and at the naval depots at the Sand- 
wich Islands and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and at the time 
of writing is paymaster of the navy-yard, New York, 
where the disbursements exceed three millions of dollars 
per year. 



24 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular 




FIRST LIFUTFNANT JOHN C. HARRIS. U.S.M.C. 

First Lieutenant John C. Harris was born near 
Philadelphia in 1840; admitted to theBarin 1861 ; be- 
fore entering the service, volunteered, in January, [861, 
on an expedition (p. 111*) to take and hold Fort Wash- 
ington, on the Potomac, and witnessed the first Bull 
Run disaster. He received a commission in 1861 , in the 
Marine Corps, of which his uncle was then chief. 

After some service about Washington, he was placed in 
command of the guard of the war-steamer, " Pensacola" 
(now, thirty years later, probably the only vessel of that 
date, still in active service). After much delay, in prepa- 
ration, she passed down the Potomac (witli President 
Lincoln and some of his Cabinet, until) under the fire of 
the rebel batteries, which failed, after repeated efforts, to 
seriously injure her. At Hampton Roads some time was 
spent in watching for the rebel iron-clad " Merrimac." 
In February, [862, she continued South, to join Admiral 
Farragut's fleet ; and, after almost a wreck on the Florida 
reefs, and getting off witli difficulty, reached Key West, 
Florida; refitted, and proceeded to Ship Island, where 
were rendezvoused the fleet, Porter's mortar flotilla, and 
General Butler's army. In April, 1862, after heavy fight- 
ing at Forts St. Philip and Jackson, and the Chalmette 
batteries, (he being wounded, and, later, brevetted for 
" gallant and meritorious service" there,) (pp. 142-307*) — 
these naval forces captured New ( Irleans, where the 
"Pensacola" remained over a year; though he was for 
a time a volunteer at the siege of port Hudson, with his 
friend, General Godfrey Weitzel, of the U.S. Engineers. 
Before General Butler's troops arrived, Lieutenant Harris 
was thrice landed, with his men, t<> carry out Admiral 
Farragut's different orders (pp. 141-142 

In April, 1863, he was ordered North ; and soon after 
the Union repulse, with great slaughter, at Fort Wagner, 
off Charleston, was made adjutant of a battalion (p. 146*) 



of five hundred men, sent from New York, to lead a 
second storming-party against the Fort; which, with Fort 
Gregg, was soon after taken, and the rebels cleared off 
Morris Bland. After these captures and the assault 
on Fort Sumter, — in which he was again a volunteer (p. 
147*), in a picked body of one hundred men, called for by 
Admiral Dahlgren, — the command retired to Foll_\- Island, 
where the long stay on the Mississippi and exposure off 
Charleston, with bad food and water, culminated in a 
severe fever, which sent him, successively, to the hospital- 
ship "Vermont;" to the hospital at Beaufort, South Car- 
olina; and, when able to travel, back to the North. 

A short service thereafter (in which he again volun- 
teered) against the rebel cavalry raider, General Harry 
Gilmore (under Ewell) in Maryland (p. 154*), terminated 
his war experiences; — as the war about then ceased. 
Service on man_\- courts-martial (in which he was gener- 
ally Judge-Advocate) and at the Philadelphia Navy- Yard 
then occupied him, until the U. S. S. " Ticonderoga" 
(whose guard he commanded) sailed in November, 1865, 
tor the European Squadron ; where he spent some three 
years under Admirals Farragut and Goldsborough, vis- 
iting all the main ports of Europe, the East, and North 
and West Africa, with the Madeiras, Azores, Canaries, 
Balearics, etc., — a cruise of unsurpassed interest; oppor- 
tunity having been given for travelling, also, through the 
interiors of countries. On his return to the United States 
with Admiral Farragut, in 1869, on the frigate " Frank- 
lin," he resigned, and resumed business-life. The Na: [ al 
Register of that year credits him with more " sea-service" 
than any of the corps of his date, or of the six preceding 
dates, — one officer excepted; who, however, was three 
dates ahead of him. 

On both sides of his family he came from pre-Revolu- 
tionary Pennsylvania ancestry. I lis grandfathers, General 
William Harris, of Pennsylvania, whose monument is at 
the Great Valley Church, near Philadelphia, and Colonel 
Persifor Frazcr on his maternal side, both served with 
the Pennsylvania troops under General Washington. His 
Frazer and Campbell ancestors evidence his partly Scotch 
origin, and the Harris name, (which is identified with I Iar- 
risburg, the capital of Pennsylvania) is English, being the 
family name of the Earls of Malmesbury. 

As he only served when quite young, and in the 
regular Navy, where promotion awaited a vacancy ahead, 
there was no opportunity for other advance, as in the 
army. I lew as simply one of the million or more, whose 
course of life, was deflected by the war-call of the coun- 
try, who did what occasion offered ; and the survivors, 
when no more needed, returned whence they came. This 
modest record, therefore, he says, "must be of interest 
mainly to his fellow-officers and friends." 

* Collum's " Marine Corps." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



187 



CAPTAIN MOSES HARRIS, U.S.A. 

Captain Moses Harris (First Cavalry) was born in 
New Hampshire September 6, 1839. Entering the reg- 
ular army as a private soldier in Troop G, First Cavalry, 
he passed through the various grades to that of first ser- 
geant, and then was appointed second lieutenant of the 
same regiment May 18, 1864. 

Prior to the war of the Rebellion he served on the 
Indian frontier, and participated in an expedition against 
Cheyenne Indians in 1857, under General Sumner. In 
the summer of 1858 he marched with the troops to 
Sweetwater River, Nebraska, en route to Salt Lake City, 
and returned to Fort Riley. He again participated in an 
expedition against Kiowa Indians, under General Sedg- 
wick, in i860. He was at Fort Wise, Kansas, at the 
breaking out nf the Rebellion, when the designation of 
the regiment was changed from First to Fourth Cavalry. 
After re-enlisting and being furloughed for two months, 
in 1862 he rejoined his troop in the field at Nashville, 
and participated in the various marches and campaigns 
of the Army of the Cumberland from March, 1862, to 
June, 1864, when he took part in the Atlanta campaign 
as far as Kenesaw Mountain, participating in various 
cavalry affairs and skirmishes, lie was promoted first 
lieutenant August 15, 1864. 

Captain Harris took part in the following engage 
ments : Action at Solomon's Fork, Kansas, in 1 S 5 ~ ; 
affair at Blackwater Springs, Kansas, in i860; battles of 
Shiloh, Corinth, Perryville, and Stone River, 1862 ; Spring 
Hill, Snow Hill, Franklin, Middleton, Shelbyville, Ring- 
gold, and Chickamauga, 1863; Dallas, Georgia; Deep 
Bottom, Virginia ; Newtown, Virginia; Shepherdstown, 
Virginia; Leetown, Smithfield, Winchester, Millford, 
Waynesborough, Tom's Creek, and Cedar Creek, Vir- 
ginia, in 1864; and Appomattox Court-House, April 9, 
1865. He was brevetted a captain September 19, 1864, 
for " gallant and meritorious services at the battle of 
Winchester." 

Shortly after the close of the war we find the captain 
on duty at New Orleans; and in 1866 he was transferred 
to the Pacific coast, with many changes of stations, 
numerous affairs with Indians, and disagreeable long 
marches. He was engaged in scouting operations against 
hostile Apaches from September, 1869, to March, 1870, 
taking part in several small engagements. He was en- 
gaged in constructing a wagon-road to the new post 
in the White Mountains, Arizona Territory, in 1870-71. 
He was then detailed for recruiting service, from which 
he returned to Benicia Barracks in the early part of 1873. 




In the summer of 1874 the captain was camped in the 
Wallowa Valley, Washington Territory, watching restless 
Nez Perce Indians under Chief Joseph, and afterwards 
took station at Fort Colville. In 1878 he received a six- 
months' leave of absence, but his troop being ordered 
into the field against the hostile Snake and Bannock 
Indians, he surrendered the unexpired portion and joined 
his troop in the field in August, and participated in that 
campaign under General O. O. Howard. After attending 
the usual round of post duties, member of boards, scout- 
ing, etc., he was in 1881 ordered to Arizona for field duty. 
On October 4 he left Lathrop with troop by rail for 
Arizona; on the 7th he took the trail of hostile Apaches 
at San Simeon Station, Arizona, and pursued them to 
the Mexican line. After being stationed at Fort Hua- 
chuca and Fort Bowie until January, 1S82, he proceeded 
to and took station at the Presidio of San Francisco. In 
February of that year he was detailed on a board for 
the purchase of cavalry horses, and in April he was 
again ordered to Arizona, and was scouting against hos- 
tile Apaches until May 25, when he returned to the 
Presidio ; but the station of his regiment was changed in 
1S84 to Montana, and his troop was assigned to Fort 
Custer, from which post he was detached, August 15, 
1886, for duty in Yellowstone Park. He established the 
post of Camp Sheridan at Mammoth Hot Springs, and 
continued to perform the duties of superintendent of the 
park and commander of post of Camp Sheridan until 
June 1, 18S9, when he took- station at Fort Custer, Mon- 
tana, remaining there until his regiment was ordered to 
Arizona in 1892. 



1 88 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




COMMANDER-IN-CHIFF BENJAMIN HARRISON. U.S.A. 

Commander-in-Chief Benjamin Harrison (President 
of the United States) is the son of John Scott Harrison, 
and grandson of General Win. Henry Harrison, President 
of the United States from March 4 to April 4, 1841. I le 
was born at North Bend, Indiana, in his grandfather's 
house, August 20, 1833, graduated from Miami University 
in Class of 1852; he subsequently passed through a legal 
course, and began practice of law , it Indianapolis in 1854. 

In the early part of the war of the Rebellion, Mr. 
Harrison tendered his services to Governor Morton, of 
Indiana, and the latter authorized him to raise a regi- 
ment. When the regiment was complete, Governor 
Morton voluntarily commissioned Mr. Harrison colonel 
of the Seventieth Regiment, Indiana Volunteers. 

When Bragg was hastening with the main body of his 
army to Louisville, considerable excitement was created, 
and Colonel Harrison's regiment — although muskets had 
just been issued to them and they did not even know 
how to handle them — was hurried to Bowling Green, 
Kentucky, which was at that time fortified, and had 
become a Union outpost, below which even-thin- had 
been broken by the Confederates. 

Colonel Harrison's first experience as an independent 
commander was when he was sent on an expedition 
list a body ,,f rebels lodged at Russellville. His 
command was put aboard a train at Bowling Green and 
hurried off When within about ten miles of the town 
he was stopped by a burned bridge. ( Inly a portion of 
a span was gone, however, and he made a pier of railroad 
ties m the centre, then cut down a couple of large trees 
and pushed them across the break. Prom a side-track 
near by, rails were torn up and laid upon the timbers. 
He pushed on with his train over the temporary bri< 
and arriving at a proper point, after making his military 
dispositions he suddenly and with energy attacked tin 



rebel camp. The surprise was complete. Forty rebels 
were killed and wounded, while only one Union soldier 
was killed. He captured ten prisoners and all the horses 
and arms, and then returned to Bowling Green. 

Colonel Harrison's regiment was brigaded with the 
Seventy-ninth ( )hio, and the One Hundred and Second, 
One Hundred and Fifth, and the One Hundred and 
Twenty-ninth Illinois, Brigadier-General Ward com- 
manding; and, what is extraordinary, the organization 
thus effected was kept unchanged to the close of the war. 
From Bowling Green, Colonel Harrison, with his com- 
mand, accompanied the brigade to Scottville, Kentucky, 
ami thence to Gallatin, Tennessee, where he was occupied 
guarding the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Four 
months were evenly divided between hunting guerillas and 
drilling his men. Fhe brigade then marched to Lavcrgne 
and thence to Murfreesborough. There it became part of 
Granger's Reserve Corps. On the 2d of January, 1864, it 
became the First Brigade of the First Division of the 
Eleventh Army Corps, and Colonel Harrison was placed 
in command of it, General Ward taking the division. 

Shortly after this the Eleventh and Twelfth Army 
Corps were consolidated into the Twentieth, whereupon 
Ward's old brigade became the First Brigade of the 
Third Division of the Twentieth Corps; and, as General 
Ward returned to the command of the brigade, Colonel 
Harrison resumed that of his regiment. 

Colonel Harrison participated in the Atlanta campaign 
and was engaged in the battles of Resaca, where, in 
charging a battery, he was amongst the first to cross the 
parapet. He also assisted in the capture of Cassville; 
was engaged at New Hope Church, and commanded his 
brigade in the engagements at Gilgal Church, Kenesaw 
Mountain, Peach-Tree Creek, and Nashville. After the 
last-named. Colonel Harrison was occupied in the pursuit 
of Hood's army, and through many difficulties pene- 
trated as far as Courtland, Alabama. He was then or- 
dered to report to General Sherman at Savannah. At 
Pocotaligo he was assigned to a brigade, with which he 
joined Sherman at Goldsborough. 

At the close of the war Colonel Harrison was made 
brevet brigadier-general of volunteers, to date from Jan- 
uary 23, 1865, "for ability and manifest energy and gal- 
lantry in command of the brigade." He was honorably 
mustered out of service at Washington, D. C, on tin 
8th day of June, 1 865, and at once entered upon his 
duties as reporter of the Supreme Court of the State of 
Indiana. He was elected United States Senator in 1 88 I, 
and held that office for six years. 

In ]88S General Harrison became the Republican 
candidate for President of the United States. He was 
duly elected, and took his seat March 4, 1889, which 
position he now holds, and by virtue of that position 
became commander-in-chief of the army ami navy. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



189 



CAPTAIN WILSON T. HARTZ, U.S.A. 

Captain Wilson T. Hartz (Fifteenth Infantry) was 
born in Pottsville, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, Sep- 
tember 9, 1 S36 ; received an academic education; em- 
barked in life as a civil and mining engineer; served 
about one year at mining work, and then received an 
appointment as an assistant engineer on the Mine Hill 
and Schuylkill Haven Railroad, which position he held 
tor about seven years, vacating it to answer the call of 
the President for volunteers. He was enrolled on the 
1 6th day of April, 186 1 ; mustered into service and ap- 
pointed sergeant-major of the Sixth Pennsylvania Infan- 
try April 22, 1.S61 ; and was mustered out of service 
July 27, 1861. He was then appointed first lieutenant 
First Regiment, Excelsior Brigade (Seventieth New 
York volunteers), August 30, 1S61 (Hooker's Division, 
Third Army Corps), mustered to date October 22, 1861, 
and was adjutant of the regiment from February 1, 1862, 
to October 28, 1862, part of the time on duty as acting 
assistant adjutant-general of the brigade. 

October IO, 1S62, he was transferred to the First Army 
Corps for special assignment on the staff of General 
Nelson Taylor; was appointed captain and assistant 
adjutant-general of volunteers October 23, 1862. He 
received a bullet-wound in the right breast at Freder- 
icksburg, Virginia, December 13, 1862; was assigned to 
duty as assistant to the commissary-general of prisoners 
February 17, 1863, and continued on that duty under the 
several administrative heads of the bureau — Generals 
Hoffman, Wessells, and Hitchcock — until the office was 
closed, and the records turned over to the adjutant- 
general of the army, August 22, 1S67. 

"Office Commissary-Genf.rai, of Prisoners, 
" Washington, I). C, August 22, 1S67. 

" Special Orders : In compliance with an order of the 
adjutant-general of the 20th instant, the undersigned an- 
nounces that he has delivered the books, papers, and 
property of this office to the control and direction of 
Brevet Brigadier-General Breck, of the Adjutant-General's 
Department, and it only remains for him to tender his 
thanks to the gentlemen in the office for their uniform 
fidelity and industry. 

" To Brevet Major W. T. Hartz he feels particularly 
indebted, and desires to make his acknowledgment for 
his services and experience in the office, which have been 
of the highest value and importance, not merely to him- 
self individually, but to the government. 

(Signed) " E. A. Hitchcock, 

" Major-General of Volunteers, Com.-Gen. Prisoners." 

Captain Hartz was mustered out of service as a captain 
and acting adjutant-general of volunteers, to take effect 
September I, 1867. He was commissioned major of 
volunteers by brevet to date from March 13, 1865, "for 




faithful and meritorious service during the war." He- 
then entered the regular service as second lieutenant 
Fifteenth U. S. Infantry, to date from May 11, 1866, and 
was promoted to first lieutenant June 17, 1867. 

He was commissioned first lieutenant and captain by 
brevet to date from March 2, 1867, "for gallant and 
meritorious services in the battle of Fredericksburg, Vir- 
ginia." On being mustered out of volunteer rank as 
captain ami acting adjutant-general, he joined his com- 
pany (D, Fifteenth Infantry) at Montgomery, Alabama, 
and commanded the company (the captain being absent) 
until January 25, 1868, when he was ordered to duty as 
acting assistant adjutant-general of the District of Ala- 
bama, and remained on that duty until the Fifteenth 
Infantry left the State. August 12, 1S68. He marched 
and served with the regiment in Texas and New Mexico, 
on company and post duty as acting assistant quarter- 
master and acting commissar}- of subsistence ; and as 
engineer officer of the regiment on its march from Texas 
to New Mexico in 1869, until the fall of 1874, when he 
was ordered on recruiting duty until October, 1876. He 
then took station at Fort Wingate, New Mexico, and 
was promoted captain August 23, 1877. 

Captain Hartz was on detached service, building can- 
tonment at Bagosa Springs, Colorado, during the winter 
of 1S7S-79; he was in the Ute campaign, winter of 
1879-80; in the Victorio campaign, summer and fall 
of 1880; escorting engineers Atchison, Topeka, anil 
Santa Fe Railroad, winter of 1880-81, in New Mexico 
and Arizona. ( )n leave of absence, spring of 1881 ; 
thence to recruiting duty (special detail) until November, 
1 88 1 ; joined his company at Fort Lyon, Colorado, and 
served continuously' with the regiment in Colorado, 
North Dakota, Louisiana, and Illinois. He was absent, 
with leave from November 15, 1891, to Februaiy 29, 
1892, and has been on duty with regiment since. 



190 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR WILLIAM L. HASK1N, U.S.A. 

Major William L. Haskin (First Artillery) was born 
at Iloulton, Maine, May 31, 1S41. lie is the son of the 
late Brevet Brigadier-General Joseph A. Haskin, U.S A . 
and is a graduate of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 
of Troy, New York, Class of 1 861, with the degree of 
Civil Engineer. He entered the regular service from civil 
life as second lieutenant, First Artillery, August 5, 1861, 
and was promoted first lieutenant the same day. He 
served during the war of the Rebellion, being stationed at 
Fort Washington, Maryland, to November, 1 861, and was 
then ordered to Fort Pickens, Florida, where he remained 
until the occupation of Pensacola, Florida He was 
stationed at Pensacola until July, 1S62, and then served 
in the Department of the Gulf, Louisiana, until August, 
1864. lie participated in the campaigns pertaining to 
that locality, and was engaged in the battle of Fort Bis- 
land, April 12 and [3, 1863; in a skirmish at Jennerets, 
April 14, 1863; in the siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, 
from May 27 to July 8, 1863. He commanded Horse 
Battery F, Firsl Artillery, during the second Red River 
campaign, and was engaged in a skirmish at Marksville, 
Louisiana, May 15, 1864, and in the action of Mansura, 
Louisiana, May [6, 1864, for which he was honorably 
mentioned to the Secretary of War by General Emory, 
in the following words : 

"Lieutenant Haskin commanded a hatter}- of the First 
Artillery in the Red River campaign of [ 864, and greatly 
distinguished himself by the good order and discipline of 



his batter\-, and his gallantry and coolness upon all occa- 
sions; but particularly on the 16th of May, at the battle 
of Mansura, where he acted with conspicuous gallantry. 
I, therefore, respectfully recommend that he be brevetted 
captain of artillery, to date from May 16, 1864." At 
the close of the war he was brevetted captain (July- 8, 
1863) for " gallant and meritorious services in the capture 
of Port Hudson, Louisiana;" and brevet major, March 
13, 1865, for "good conduct and gallant services during 
the war." 

In September, 1864, Lieutenant Haskin was placed 
on recruiting service, and in February, 1865, was ap- 
pointed aide-de-camp to General J. A. Haskin, chief of 
artillery Twenty-second Arm}- Corps. In the following 
September he was ordered to Fort Trumbull, Connec- 
ticut, and there performed the duties of acting assistant 
quartermaster and assistant commissary of subsistence 
until June, 1866, when he was sent with his battery to 
Malone, New York, to assist in suppressing the Fenian 
raid. 

Lieutenant Haskin was promoted captain July 2S, 1866, 
and was at Fort Schuyler until 1S70, when he was again 
sent to Malone, New York, in May, to assist in suppress- 
ing the second Fenian raid into Canada. He was then 
stationed at various posts 011 the Atlantic coast until 1876, 
when he was sent with his batter}- to South Carolina and 
Florida, dining the contested election of that year. He 
was also sent to Pittsburgh and Reading, Pennsylvania, 
in 1877, during the labor riots. 

Captain Ilaskin's station was changed to the Pacific 
coast in 1 88 1, and he served at different posts until Sep- 
tember, 1 888, when he was in charge of the office of 
inspector-general, and inspector of target practice of the 
Department of California, in October, 1888. He was 
senior member of a board for reconnoissance of certain 
harbors on the Pacific coast from March to May, i88y, 
and commanded a battalion of light artillery at a summer 
encampment from Jul}- to September, [889. He next 
served at Alcatraz Island, harbor of San Francisco, and 
then at other unimportant stations to the present time. 

Captain Haskin was promoted major of the First Ar- 
tillery August 11, 1887, and is now (Ala}-, 1892) in com- 
mand of Fort Columbus, New York, and is the Secretary 
of the Military Service Institution of the Unfted States, 
and one of the editors of its journal. 

He is the author of the " History of the First United 
States Artillery," [879. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



191 



CAPTAIN CHARLES HAY, U.S.A. 

Captain Charles Hay (Subsistence Department) was 
born in Holmes Count}-, Ohio, August 23, 1840, and is, 
at the date of this record and portrait, in the fifty-second 
year of his aye, and thirtieth of military service. 

He first entered the service by enlistment at Cleveland, 
Ohio, .April 23, 1861, for three months in the Eighth Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry, and served as a private; and, imme- 
diately on the expiration of this term, on July 24, 1861, 
he enlisted at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, in the 
Twenty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry for three years, — 
serving the full term in the ranks as a private, corporal, 
and regimental commissary sergeant. With the exception 
of about three months in [862, his service with this regi- 
ment was in West Virginia, where it performed consid- 
erable scouting and marching, and had many minor 
engagements with the rebels, in nearly all of which he 
participated. August to October, 1862, his regiment was 
with the Army of the Potomac in the campaign through 
Maryland which culminated in the battles of South Moun- 
tain and Antietam, in both of which he was engaged. In 
the summer of 1863 he took part with his regiment in 
pursuing and intercepting the rebel raider, General John 
Morgan, in Pastern Ohio; and in June, 1864, was in 
General Hunter's campaign against Lynchburg, Virginia, 
which resulted disastrously, the Federal troops being 
obliged to retreat to the Kanawha Valley, a distance of 
over two hundred miles, through an unfriendly country 
and harassed by the rebels, suffering many hardships 
and privations because of insufficient supplies and a 
forced march of eleven days. 

In May, 1864, Captain Hay passed examination at 
Washington City before the board presided over by Gen- 
eral Silas Casey for a commission in the colored forces, 
and subsequently, in July, 1864, was commissioned a 
captain in the Forty-fifth Regiment U. S. Colored Volun- 
teer Infantry, but declined the appointment. 

Discharged by reason of expiration of service, July 
24, 1864, he entered the office of the provost-marshal of 
the Fourteenth ( )hio District, at Wooster, as a deputy, 
where he remained until February 20, 1865, when he was 
commissioned a captain in the First Army Corps of 
Veteran Volunteer Infantry, then being organized by 
General Hancock from volunteer soldiers who had served 
two years or more and been honorably discharged. 
After two months of recruiting duty in Ohio for the 
corps, he joined it at Washington City, and was assigned 
to the Fifth Regiment ; and remained in camp near 
Washington until July, being present on duty with his 
regiment during the trial and execution of the Surratt 
conspirators. His remaining service with this regiment 
was at Providence, Rhode Island, and on Staten and 
Hart's Islands, New York harbor, until discharged May 
28, 1866. Returning to Ohio, he entered the post-office 




at Wooster as deputy, where he remained until March, 
1867, when he was commissioned a second lieutenant in 
the Thirty-sixth U. S. Infantry, reporting for duty May 
1, 1867, at North Platte, Nebraska. For the next two 
years he served with this regiment at posts and in the 
field in the vicinity of the line of the L T nion Pacific Rail- 
road, then being constructed, protecting its workmen in 
what was then a hostile Indian country. At the reduc- 
tion in 1S69 of the infantry of the ami)' from forty-five 
to twenty-five regiments, he was placed on " waiting 
orders," and so remained until Jul)', when he was as- 
signed to the Twenty-third Infantry, and, conducting a 
detachment of recruits from Carlisle Barracks to San 
Francisco in August, reported for duty September 1 at 
Boise Barracks, Idaho, where he served until after his 
promotion to first lieutenant January, 1871, during which 
he performed considerable escort duty in Idaho and Ore- 
gon. His subsequent service of eighteen years in the 
Twenty-third Infantry was at posts in ( )regon, Washing- 
ton, and Arizona Territories, Nebraska, Kansas, Indian 
Territory, Colorado, Texas, and at Buffalo, New York, 
and comprised all of the garrison duties incidental to a 
subaltern line officer, of which, however, those of post- 
adjutant, quartermaster, and commissar)' were most fre- 
quent and almost constant. His last duty as post-quar- 
termaster was the entire rebuilding of Fort Porter, at 
Buffalo, New York. 

On December 10, 1888, Captain Hay was nominated 
by President Cleveland for commissary of subsistence 
with the rank of captain, and was confirmed January 15, 
1889. 

In September following he reported for duty at Denver, 
Colorado, where he is at present stationed as purchasing 
commissar)' of subsistence. 

Captain Hay is a member of the Loyal Legion, Com- 
mandery of Colorado. 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY is* 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL WILLIAM B. HAZEN, U.S.A. 

( ASI l>). 

Brigadiek-Genekal William B. Hazen was born 
in Vermont, and graduated from the Military Acadeni) 
|uly i, 1855. He was promoted brevel sei ond lieutenant 
of infantry the ame day, and second lieutenanl Eighth 
Infantry September 4, [ S5 5- '''' '"'"' served on the 

I '.K Hi Lst, and was engaged in skirmishes at Applegate 

Creek fanuar) 5, and Big Kanyon February 12, [856. 
He was then employed in conducting Rogue Rivei 
Indians to Grand Ronde Reservation, Oregon, the same 
year. He was on leave of absence and awaiting orders 
from April to December, [857. He rejoined in Texas, 
and was scouting against Apache Indians in [858, being 
1 ngaged in a I irmish at Guadalupe Mountains fune [4. 
In 1859 he wa ; 1 ngaged with Kickapoo Indians on the 
Nueces, Maj 16 and Octobei 5, and, with Comanche 
Indians on the Vanno November 5, when he was severely 
wounded, and went on sick-leave of absence from 1859 
to [861. He was brevetted first lieutenant May [6,1859, 

for "gallant conduct in two several engagei ts with 

Indians in Texa 

Lieutenant I lazen was promoted first lieutenant April 1, 
[861, while assistant instructor of infantr) tactics at the 
Military Academy. He was promoted captain May 1 |, 
1 861, and upon being relieved at the Militarj Academy, 
September [8, 1 861, was appointed colonel of the Forty- 
fii t < )hii 1 Volunteers, and, after recruiting and organizing 
his regiment at Cleveland, wa engaged in the defence 
ol the Ohio frontier, and in operations in Kentucky to 
February, 1862, when he commanded a brigade in the 
Army of the Ohio, and participated in the Tenn< 
1 ampaign, being engagi d in the battle of Shiloh, April 7, 
id the advance on Corinth. I [e was then on sick- 
leave from May :-5 to July 4, 1862, when he returned, and 
was engaged with his troops in repairing railroads to 



August 4. After commanding at Murfreesborough for 
awhile, he participated in the retrograde movement on 
Louisville, Kentucky, and was engaged in the battle of 
Pei ry\ ille a\m\ se\ eral skirmishes. 

Colonel Hazen was appointed brigadier-general of 
volunteers November 29, 1862, and participated in the 
Tenn< s iee 1 ampaign with the Army of the Cumberland, 
being engaged in a skirmish near Murfreesborough on 
Christmas Hay, and battle ol Stone River December 31, 
[862. After a short leave of absence, General Hazen 
participated in the Tennessee campaign of 1863, and the 
campaigns which followed, including the march to the 
sea, .mil through the Carolinas, to the close of the war. 
He was engaged in numerous skirmishes, and in the 
battle of Chickamauga September 19 and 20, 1863; in 
operations about Chattanooga, in a movement with fifty 
two pontoons to Brown's Ferry, with which a bridge 
ai ro :s the Tennessee River was formed, Lookout Valley 
seized after a severe skirmish, and the line oi supplies oi 
the army reopened. He captured the Nineteenth Ala- 
bama Regiment atOrchard Knob November 23, and was 
in the battle of Missionary Ridge November 25, [863. 
I [e wa 1 1 ngaged also in the demonstration against Rocky- 
face Ridge, battle of Resaca, action at Adairsville, at 
Cassville, at Pickett's Mills, battle of Kenesaw Mountain, 
combat of Peach tree Creek, siege of Atlanta, and, while 
in command of the Second Division, Fifteenth Army 
< 'orp , engaged in the battle of [onesborough, the march 
to the sea, including numerous skirmishes, assault and 
capture of Fort McAllister, near Savannah. 

While en route through the Carolinas, General Hazen 
constructed, with his troops, a trestle-bridge twelve 
hundred feet long, in eighteen hours, over Lynch's 
('reel., February 28, 1865, and was engaged in the battle 
of Bentonville, North Carolina, March 20-21, 1865, and 
was present at the surrender of fohnston's army April 26, 
1865. He was appointed major-general oi volunteers 
December i;, [864, and was brevetted in the regular 
army from major to major-general, for gallant and meri- 
torious services in the various general actions in which he 

had been engaged. 

After holding several important commands, anion;; 
them the command of the Fifteenth Army Corps during 
1865—66, he wa- mustered out of the volunteer service 
January 15, [866, and then was a member of the Board 
ol Officers to Recommend Brevet Promotions, lie was 
appointed colonel of the Thirty eighth Infantry July 28, 
[866, and while on duty in the West was transferred to 
the Sixth Infantry, upon the consolidation of regiments 
in 1869. He then served at various posts in the West 
with that regiment until December 15, 1880, when he 
was appointed brigadiei general and chief signal-officer, 
and stationed at Washington, D. C, at which place he 
died January u>, 1 887. 



WHO SERVED IX THE CIVIL WAR. 



193 



G >LONEL CLEMENT D. HEBB, U.S.M.C. 

Colonel Clemeni I >. Hebb was born in Virginia, 
but was appointed a second lieutenant in the Marine 
Corps of the United Slates, from California, March, [856. 
Alter going through his preliminary training at head 
quarters, and at the marine barracks .it Philadelphia, 
where a large force of marines was always then kept, he 
was ordered in command ol the marine guard of the 
sloop-of-war " Falmouth," and served in the Brazil foi 
three years, During the year [859 he was alia, lied to 
the "Preble," of the Paraguay Expedition. After re 
turning from the South American Station, Lieutenant 
Ilehh served at head- quarters ; at marine barracks, New 
York; at marine barracks, Pensacola ; and at head- 
quarters again in [860-61. These were trying times, and 
people had to declare their sentiments very plainly. 
Lieutenant Hebb was ordered, with a detachment of 
marines, to occupy Fori Washington, on the Potomac, 
to prevent that fort from falling into the hands "l tin 
rebels. In fune, 1S61, he was commissioned a first lieu- 
tenant, and, after a short term at the marine barracks at 
Boston, was ordered to the frigate " Santee," ol the \\ e 1 
Gulf Squadron. He was promoted to captain while thus 
serving, and, being detached, served at the marine bar- 
racks at Norfolk, Virginia, and at Philadelphia. During 
a portion of the year [865 he served with the battalion 
of marine, at Morris and Folly Islands, South Caro 
Una. During 1864 and [865 he was on duty at New 
York, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and at Washing 
ton; was attached to the flag ship "Colorado," of the 
European Squadron, from .April, 1865, to August, 
[867. 

Captain Hebb was, after this date, in command of the 
marine barracks at Washington; the marine liana- I 
at Mound City; and again at Washington, 1 1. C. Thence 
he went to the marine barracks at Boston, and was trans- 
ferred to the 1 011 in land of the marine liar rails at I'elisa- 
cola, where he remained from October, [869, to June, 




[872. In [872—73 he was stationed al Annapolis, aftei 
wards serving in the flag-ship "Pensacola," Pacifii 
Squadron. From July, [874, to May, 1880, he com 
manded marines at the Marc Island Navy- Yard, Cali- 

fi H'lli.l. 

Commissioned major 1876. From May, 1880, to 
February, 1S.X5, commanded marines at Boston Navy 
Yard; commissioned lieutenant-colonel April, 18S0; 
commanded marines at navy yard, Portsmouth, New 
I [ampshire, 1885, to Augu 1, [889. 

Commissioned colonel August, [889, and stationed for 
a lew months at League Island, Philadelphia. March 
1, [890, appointed to the command of the marine bar- 
racks at the navy-yard, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Colonel Hebb was ordered by the Honorable Secre- 
tary of tin Nav) on September 7, [891, to Washington, 
I ).('., to command the Marine Corps while the com- 
mandant (McCawley) was ick, and until his retirement 
and successor was appointed in February, 1 89 1, when 
he returned to tin Bo ton Marine Barracks. 



25 



■94 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY secular) 




CAPTAIN AND BREVET COLONEL HENRY B. HEN- 
DERSHOTT, U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain and Brevet Colonel Henry 15. Hender- 
SHOTT was born at Burlington, Kentucky, May 23, 1824. 
I [e was graduated at the United States Military Academy 
in the Class of 1 847, and was assigned as a brevet 
second lieutenant to the Fifth U.S. Infantry, then serving 
in the war with Mexico. Shortly after graduation he 
proceeded to join his regiment at the seal of war in the 
City ol Mexico; but, owing to a virulent attack of yellow 
fever in the Castle of San Juan d'Ulloa, off the coast of 
Vera Cruz, he did not reach his command until late in 
the fall of 1847. Shortly after joining his regiment he 
volunteered his services to act with a large force then 
fitting out in the City of Mexico by General Scott to 
open up the route between that city and Vera Cruz, which 
was then infested by large bands of guerillas under the 
noted guerilla chief Padre Jurata. He served with dis- 
tinction, and was highly commended by his commanding 
officer, General Daniel Ruggles, fifth Infantry, for his 
services on this occasion. On his return from Vera Cruz 
he was promoted to the rank of second lieutenant in the 
Second U. S. Infantry, and served creditably with this 
regiment until the close of the war. Immediately after 
this war, his regiment being ordered t<> California, he 
accompanied it to its destination, arriving at San Fran- 
cisco on July 9, 1849, after a long and disastrous voyage 
of six months, via Cape Plorn. On his arrival in Cali- 
fornia he was ordered with his company to cantonment 
Par-West, in the foot-hills of the Sierra Nevada, in the 
northern part of California. Whilst at this station he 
performed, in addition to the duties of company com- 
mander, all the staff duties incidental to a post command. 
While at Par- West he took an active part in numerous 
engagements with hostile Indians in the Sierra Nevada 



Mountains. On June 30, 1850, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy in his regiment, and joined his com- 
mand, then on the Great Colorado Desert, en route to the 
junction of the Gila and Colorado Rivers. Here, again, 
in addition to his line command, he performed those of 
staff duties, and selected, with the approval of the com- 
manding officer, General (then major) Samuel P. Heintzel- 
man, the present site of Port Yuma. He served three 
years at Yuma, and during this time was an active par- 
ticipant in many engagements against hostile Indians, 
notably the Yumas, Cocopas, Mohaves, etc. His ser- 
vices at this station were most arduous, and owing to 
these and exposure in tents to the heat of this exces- 
sively hot climate for nearly three years, frequently with 
an inadequate supply of provisions, his health was com- 
pletely broken down. In the winter of 1854 he was 
ordered, with the officers of his regiment, to the Atlantic 
sea-board, to recruit his regiment. After three months' 
recruiting service, we find him again in active field ser- 
vice at Ports Ridgely and Randall, then in the Indian 
country. 

In the spring and summer of 1859 he served in a 
campaign on the plains with W. T. Sherman's battery 
against hostile Sioux Indians ; and in the winter of that 
year was ordered with his company to Fort Leaven- 
worth, making an overland march of nearly six hundred 
and fifty miles. 

It was while stationed at Leavenworth that he was 
transferred to the Second U. S. Artillery, and for the 
first time, in nearly fifteen years of hard service, availed 
himself of his first leave of absence. It was on his 
return from this leave, to join Barry's battery at Leav- 
enworth, that he sustained at Hannibal, Missouri, serious 
and painful external and internal injuries. He was taken 
from there to Jefferson Barracks, and after a painful and 
lingering confinement of nearly two years to his post 
and quarters, again resumed such duties as he was able 
to perform, viz. : Chief commissary Department of the 
West, on the staff of General Fremont; superintendent 
of the recruiting service for the State of Iowa, and duty 
in the office of the provost-marshal general. 

Believing that his usefulness as an officer for active 
field service had gone by, he reluctantly went upon the 
retired list near the close of the war; but continued to 
perform such duties as his health and condition would 
permit, until 1 870, when, by a general order, all retired 
officers were relieved from duty. 

He was successively brevetted a major, lieutenant- 
colonel, and colonel for faithful service during the war 
of the Rebellion. He was also appointed Register of the 
Virginia Land Office. 

By the advice of his medical officer he took up his 
residence at Aiken, South Carolina, where he now re- 
sides, in very feeble health. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



195 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL AND BREVET COLONEL 
GUY V. HENRY, U.S.A. 

Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Colonel Guy V. 
Henry was born at Fort Smith, Indian Territory, March 
9, 1839. lie was graduated at the U.S. Military Acad- 
emy in the Class of 1861, at the breaking out of the war 
of the Rebellion, and assigned as a second lieutenant to 
the First L T . S. Artillery. He served with distinction in 
that regiment until made colonel of the Fortieth .Mas- 
sachusetts Infantry, in the fall of 1863, and continued 
throughout the war with that command. 

The attention of the commanding general was called 
"to the gallant and distinguished services of Firsl 
Lieutenant Guy Y. Henry" in the battle of Pocotaligo, 
South Carolina, October 22, 1862, and again to the 
advance led by Colonel Henry, of the Fortieth Massa- 
chusetts Infantry, into Florida, in 1864, in the following 
words by General Seymour: "I cannot commend too 
highly the brilliant success of this advance, for which 
great credit is due Colonel Henry and his command, 
and 1 earnestly recommend him to your [General Gill- 
mo re's] attentii >n as a most deserving and energetic officer." 
General Seymour again complimented < !olonel I [enry, 
in his report on the battle of Olustee, as follows: 
"Colonel Henry kept his cavalry in constant activity, 
watching and neutralizing that of the enemy, and by 
important and gallant services before and after, as well 
as during the battle, was eminently useful. I desire to 
recommend him to you [General Gillmore] as a highly 
deserving officer." 

At the close of the war, when Colonel Henry was 
mustered out of the volunteer service, he was brevetted 
a colonel in the regular army, and had the honor con- 
ferred upon him of being made a brevet brigadier-general 
of volunteers. 

Since the war Colonel Henry has had various posi- 
tions of trust assigned him in the Indian country west "I 
the Missouri River, and was transferred to the Third 
U.S. Cavalry in 1870, reaching the grade of major of the 
Ninth Cavalry in 1 88 1. While in the cavalry service 
he has not only endured hard campaign duty, but has 
met with some sad misfortunes while in the performance 
of it. He has been engaged with different tribes of 
Indians in Arizona, Wyoming, Utah, Nebraska, anil 
Dakota; and in the expedition to the Black Hills in the 
winter of 1874 and 1875 he, with his command, was 
badly frozen. Notwithstanding this misfortune, Colonel 
Henry is found again with his command in the Big 
Horn and Yellowstone expedition of 1876, where he was 
severely wounded through the face, losing the use of 
his left eye, in the battle of Rosebud Creek, Montana. 
He is honorably mentioned in General Orders by 
General Crook for this affair, and as "carrying on his 
person honorable marks of distinction in the severe 



0T 




wound he received at the hands of the enemy." Before 
thoroughly recovering from his wounds, he is found 
commanding a battalion in the capture of Crazy Horse 
Village of Sioux Indians in 1877. 

After these arduous duties, and being much broken 
in health, Colonel Henry was granted leave of absence, 
and made an extended tour through Europe, returning 
in time, however, to take part in the White River expe- 
dition from September to December, 1879. In the winter 
of 1890 he commanded the Ninth Cavalry in the Sioux 
Indian troubles at Pine Ridge Agency, South Dakota. 

In addition to his extensive field service. Colonel 
Henry was an instructor at the Fort Monroe Artillery 
School from 1867 to 1869; was a member of an artillery 
board to witness experiments with heavy guns at Fort 
Delaware in 1868; a member of a board of officers to 
determine and fix the cavalry accoutrements, equipments, 
and supplies at Fort Leavenworth in 1874; and member 
of a board of officers to determine and fix on cavalry 
accoutrements, equipments, and supplies at Washington 
in fuly, 18S2. 1 le also occupied important staff positions 
during and since the war. 

Colonel Henry is a son of Major William Seaton 
Henry, Third U. S. Infantry, and grandson of Daniel 
D. Tompkins, who was twice Governor of New York 
and Vice-President of the United States; also of Smith 
Thompson, who was Secretary of the Navy and Judge 
of the Supreme Court. 

Colonel Henry has furnished the profession with the 
following military works: " Records of Civilian Appoint- 
ments U.S. Army," "Army Catechism for Non-Commis- 
sioned Officers and Soldiers," pamphlet on " Target 
Practice," and " Practical Information for Non-Commis- 
sioned Officers on Field Duty." He was promoted lieu- 
tenant-colonel Seventh Cavalry January 30, 1892, and 
is in command at Fort Myer, Virginia. 



196 



OFFICERS OF THE ARJfV AXD NA1T [regular) 




MAJOR JAMES HENTON, U.S.A. 

Major James Henton (Twenty-third Infantry) was 
born in Liverpool, England, February 2, [835. He 
enlisted in the Sixth U. S. Infantry November 22, [853, 
and served at Jefferson Barracks and Fort Riley, Kansas, 
until August, 1S54, when he marched with his company 
to Fort Laramie, then in Nebraska Territory reaching 
that post in the subsequent ( >ctober, where he remained 
until June 2j, 1857. During this period he took part in 
several expeditions, under General Harney, against the 
Sioux and Cheyenne Indians, lie participated in the 
expedition against the Cheyennes, under Colonel E. V. 
Sumner, and was engaged in the action at Solomon's 
Fork July 29, 1857. On the breaking up of this expe- 
dition he accompanied several companies of his regiment 
to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and did duty in that \ icinity 
as posse comitates during the political disturbances of that 
period, until April, [858, when he left that post with his 
entire regiment as part of the Mormon expedition, under 
General Albeit Sidney Johnston. In August, 1858, when 
this expedition was over, he marched with his regiment 
overland to Benicia Barracks, California, reaching the 
destination about the 6th of the following November, 
and on the 22d of the latter month he received his 
discharge for expiration of term of service, having been 
previously promoted corporal, sergeant, and first sergeant. 

He re-enlisted at Newport Barracks, Kentucky, and 
became a lance-sergeant of the Permanent Party. In 
December, [860, he was detached and placed in charge 
of a recruiting rendezvous at St. Louis, Missouri, under 
First Lieutenant J. D. O'Connell, Second Infantry. In 
September, 1 861, he was transferred and made first ser- 
geant of Company A, Second Battalion, Fourteenth In- 
fantry, at Fort Trumbull. The regiment was transferred to 
Perryville, Man-land, soon afterwards, and while there 
he was appointed second lieutnant hum < >ctobei'5, [861. 



In March, 1862, Lieutenant Henton, with his regiment, 

proceeded to Washington, D. C, and formed part of the 
Army of the Potomac, participating in the campaigns of 
that army until August, 1863, being engaged in the siege 
of Yorktown, and in the battles of Gaines' Mill, Mal- 
vern Hill, second Bull Run, Antietam, Snicker's Gap, 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. 

From September, 1863, to March, 1865, he was de- 
tached on recruiting service, but rejoining his regiment at 
tin latter date, in the field, he participated in the operatii >ns 
terminating with the surrender of General Lee, and at 
the close of the war was brevetted captain " for gallant 
and meritorious conduct at the battle of Gettysburg, 
Pennsylvania." 

After a short tour of duty as provost guard in the 
city of Richmond, the regiment was concentrated at 
Hart Island, New York, preparatory to moving to the 
Pacific coast. While at this station Lieutenant Henton 
was appointed adjutant of the Second Battalion of the 
Fourteenth Infantry, and in that capacity proceeded, on 
the [6th oi August, 1865, to San Francisco, California, 
via the Isthmus of Panama, reaching the former place on 
the 9th of the following September, but was transferred 
to Port Vancouver, Washington, at which post he per- 
formed the duties of adjutant until promoted captain, 
November 4, 1865, but did not join his company until 
March, 1866, at which time he was relieved as adjutant, 
and took station at Fort Cape Disappointment, but soon 
afterwards was ordered to Port Boise, Idaho. Dur- 
ing the year [866 the Second Battalion of the Four- 
teenth Infantry became, under the reorganization law, 
the Twenty-third Infantry. 

In October, 1866, Captain Henton's station was changed 
to Camp Warner, Oregon, at which point some field ser- 
vice was had, under General Crook, against the Piute and 
other Indians. He was then transferred to Arizona with 
his company in June, 1872, but was detailed on recruiting 
service in New York City* from January, 1873, to ( )ctober, 
[874. Rejoining his company at Fort Omaha in April, 
1875, then moving to Fort Dodge, Kansas, he served there 
and at Port Hays and Fort Supply to 1880. In May of 
this year he participated in General Mackenzie's expe- 
dition against the Ute Indians. 

After serving at Uncompahgre Cantonment, and at 
Port Union, New Mexico, Captain Henton was trans- 
ferred with his regiment to Michigan in 18S4, and he 
took station at Fort Brady, where he was in command 
until May, 180,0, when the regiment was transferred to 
Texas, the captain being ordered to Fort Davis, reaching 
that place May [4, 1890. 

Captain Henton was promoted major January 31,1 89 1 , 
and assigned to the Twenty third Infantry, and in May, 
1892, moved therefrom, in command of B and D com- 
panies, to Port Bliss, Texas, his present station. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



197 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET MAJOR FRANK W. HESS, 

U.S.A. 

Captain and Brevet Major Frank W. Hess (Third 
Artillery) was bom in Fulton Count)-, Pennsylvania, 
December 15, 1X36. He was educated in the common 
schools of his count}-, at Milnwood Academy in Hunt- 
ingdon Count}-, and at Shryock's school in Chambers- 
burg, Pennsylvania. He taught school and studied law, 
and was thus engaged when the war of the Rebellion 
commenced. He joined one of the companies that re- 
sponded to the first call for troops as it passed through 
the village where he was teaching. On arrival at the 
rendezvous men enough had joined, while en route, to 
make two companies. Of one he was made captain, and 
ordered to duty with General Patterson's column in t he- 
valley of Virginia, lie was honorably discharged, with 
this company in August, 1861, and re-entered the service 
as a lieutenant in the Third Penn. Cavalry in Sept., ami 
served with it during the remainder of the war, being 
honorably mustered out in Aug, 1865, as its major. 

He participated in thirty-eight battles and skirmishes. 
(For names of these, see " Powell's Record of Living 
Officers.") He was appointed a first lieutenant in the 
Eleventh Infantry February 23, 1866, and transferred in 
that year to the Twenty-ninth. In 1870 he was trans- 
ferred to the artillery arm, and assigned to the Third 
Regiment, in which he attained his captaincy in 1886. 

lie was stationed in Texas during the reconstruction 
period, and served as mayor of the city of Marshall and 
military commissioner of Harrison Count)-, and made 
decisions in man\- important cases of litigation, perform- 
ing the delicate and difficult duties of a civil office so as 
to meet the approval of his superiors and gain the friend- 
ship of all law-abiding citizens. 

Of his services, in the report of the operations of his 



brigade at Malvern Hill, General Warren say: 



Lieu- 



tenant Hess, of the cavalry, reported to me with a pla- 
toon, was pushed forward till the enemy's pickets were 
reached. Throughout the day he continued to observe 
the enemy in front, while the fierce battle was going on 
to our right, and rendered most valuable service." 

This day was spent under a severe shell-fire from our 
own gun-boats in the river, which were attempting to 
reach the enemy over the heads of this little command, 
in which one man and several horses were killed. 

General Averell, reporting the result of a reconnoissance 
to and fight at White-Oak-Swamp Bridge, August 5, 
1862, says: "I am particularly indebted to Lieutenant 
Hess, Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, my acting aide on the 
occasion, for his readiness in carrying orders and placing 
the squadrons and guns in position." 

In a letter to the Secretary of War, General George 
G. Meade, commanding Army of the Potomac, says : 
" Major Hess served as major of the Third Pennsylvania 




Cavalry whilst that regiment was on duty at the head- 
quarters of the arm)-. During this period it was fre- 
quently called on by me to perform picket, scouting, and 
other duties, giving me an opportunity to become per- 
sonally acquainted with the manner in which Major 
Hess discharged his duties. I take pleasure in stating 
that he was active, intelligent, and faithful, and recom- 
mend him for appointment in the regular army." 

General George P. Buell, on the 10th of August, 1868, 
in a letter to the War Department, says of him : " He is 
one of the most efficient officers of the regriment of Food 
education, zealous in discharge of his duty, proud of his 
profession, and deeply attached to his country." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Owen, who commanded the Third 
Pennsylvania Cavalry in the Antietam campaign, in a 
letter to the adjutant-general, said : "Captain Hess dis- 
tinguished himself by his sound judgment and personal 
bravery, and at all times by his fidelity to the interests of 
the service. At Antietam, when Hooker was wounded 
and his command repulsed, Captain Hess was one of the 
last to leave the field, and principally through his exer- 
tions a section of artillery was removed when the enemy 
were within a few yards of it." 

General J. B. Mcintosh says, in an official paper: "I 
can testify to his gallant conduct in every action in which 
his regiment was engaged." 

General A. S. Webb said, October 31, 1868, to the 
adjutant-general of the army: "Major Hess, when on 
duty with his regiment at head-quarters of the Army of 
the Potomac, was specially commended by Major-Gen- 
eral Meade, commanding that army, and by myself as 
chief of staff, for distinguished gallantry, enterprise, and 
zeal in opening communications between corps in the 
vicinity of Hatcher's Run. General Meade will sanction 
this use of his name, since this was not the only occasion 
on which Major Hess distinguished himself." 



198 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular, 




COLONEL-COMMANDANT CHARLES HEYWOOD, 
U.S.M.C. 

Colonel-Commandant Charles Heyvvood was burn 
in Maine, [839; appointed from New York, April, 1858. 
At the marine barracks, at Washington, and at Brook- 
lyn, during that year, and served in the quarantine 
riots at Staten Island. On special duty in " Niagara," 
and in "St. Louis," of Home Squadron, looking after 
the filibusters, under Walker. Invalided from Aspin- 
wall, January, i860. Afterwards ordered to sloop-of- 
war "Cumberland," flag-ship "I Squadron of Observa- 
tion, at Vera Cruz. In March, [861, the "Cumberland" 
returned to Hampton Km. ids, and there at the time of 
the destruction of the Norfolk Navy- Yard. Heywood 
was promoted to first lieutenant May, 1861 ; landed with 
marines at Hatteras Inlet, ami present at the capture of 
Forts Clark and 1 latter. is. 

Promoted to captain in the Marine Corps November, 
1S61 ; on a number of boat expeditions in the lames 
River during winter of 1861-62; was on board the 
" Cumberland" during the fight with the ram " Merri- 
mac" and consorts, March 8, 1862, and most favorably 
mentioned for gallant conduct. For some time alter this 
Captain Heywood was actively employed, both on shore 
and in the search for the "Alabama," and then applied 
for duty on board the flag ship "Hartford," and was 
ordered as licet marine offii 1 r of West Gulf Squadron; 
served with the marines on shore, at Pensacola. On 
board the " Hartford" at the battle of Mobile Bay. Had 
command of two nine inch guns, and was favorably 
mentioned. 

Commanded Fort Powell, after its capture; marine 
barracks, Brooklyn, and Recruiting Rendezvous Phila- 
delphia, [865 ; brevi ts of major and lieutenant-colonel for 
distinguished gallantry in the presence of the enemy. 



Ordered to command of marine barracks, navy-yard, 
Washington, 1865 ; fleet marine officer under Admiral 
Farragut, European Station, 1867; command of marine 
barracks at Washington, and at Norfolk; and fleet 
marine officer of the North Atlantic Squadron. In Jan- 
uary, 1X74, was attached to the flag-ship "Wabash," 
and commanded the marines during all the shore drills 
carried on by the navy at Key West and elsewhere. 
Was attached to the marine barracks at Brooklyn, when, 
in June, 1874, he was ordered to New Orleans to report 
to Admiral Mullany, as fleet marine officer of the North 
Atlantic Station; was attached to that admiral's staff 
during the troubles of that year in New Orleans. After 
serving in the "Worcester" and the "Hartford," was 
detached, and again ordered to Brooklyn Barracks, in 
September, [876. 

In November, 1876, he attained the substantive rank 
of major, to which he had been brcvetted more than 
ten years before, and ordered to command the marine 
barracks at Washington. In July and August, 1877, 
had command of a battalion of marines at Baltimore, 
Philadelphia, and at Reading, Pennsylvania, during the 
very serious labor riots of that summer. Honorably 
mentioned by General Hancock, who was in general 
command. The state of the battalion for efficiency, 
neatness, and general soldierly bearing was commented 
upon by all who were capable of judging of such 
matters. Colonel and Medical Director Cinder, of the 
Division of the Atlantic, in his official report, com- 
mended their condition in every respect, in spite of the 
hard duty they had suddenly imposed upon them. He 
said, " It is quite remarkable that men performing such 
service are able to keep themselves and their arms, etc., 
so clean." "The officers evidently take pride in looking 
after the health and comfort of the men." 

In general orders, General Hancock, who knew what 
a soldier should be, bore testimony to this battalion's 
" soldierly bearing, excellent discipline, and devotion to 
duty" during a veiy trying time, and especially men- 
tioned " Major Charles Heywood, of the marines." In 
[880 Major Heywood went to the marine barracks at 
Mare Island, and returned to the command of the 
Brooklyn Barracks in 1883. In 1 885, by telegraphic 
order, and within twenty-four hours, equipped two hun- 
dred and fifty men to go to Panama, to open the transit, 
and protect American lives and property. After reach- 
ing the Isthmus Colonel Heywood was reinforced, and 
had under his command nearly eight hundred marines, 
and a strong detachment of sailors, with artillery. For 
the arduous service there the admiral commanding asked 
1 olonel Heywood to "receive his grateful acknowledg- 
ments." 

Colonel Heyw 1 is now the commandant of the 

Marine Corps of the L nited States. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



199 



MAJOR JOHN HENLEY HIGBEE, U.S.M.C. 

Major John Henlev Higbee was born in New York 
( itv September 1 I, 1839. He is the son of the late Rev. 
Dr. Edward Y. Higbee, of Trinity Church, New York. 
On his mother's side he is descended from the Henley 
and Dandridge families of Virginia. Leonard Henley, 
Major Higbee's great-grandfather, married Elizabeth 
Dandridge, the sister of Martha Washington. Commo- 
dore John Dandridge Henley, U. S. Navy, grandfather of 
Major Higbee, and nephew of Mrs. Washington, received 
his warrant as midshipman from the hands of General 
Washington himself. 

Major Higbee's grandaunt, Mis. Francis Dandridge 
Lear, a niece of Mis. Washington, married Colonel Lear, 
military secretary of General Washington, and lived for 
many years with General and Mrs. Washington at 
Mount Vernon. Major Higbee entered the Marine 
Corps as second lieutenant March 9, 1861. In June of 
the same year he was ordered to the L T . S. S. "Vin- 
cennes," West Gulf Blockading Squadron. lie was com- 
missioned as first lieutenant September 1, 1861. While 
attached to the " Vincennes," he was sent upon a number 
of expeditions up the Blackwater River, Florida, in com- 
pany with detachments of the army. Joined the U. S. S. 
flag-ship " I Iartford," Admiral Farragut, September, 1862. 
Took part in the battles of Port Hudson, Vicksburg, 
Warrenton, and Grand Gulf, March 14, 19, 21, 23, and 
28, 1863; bombardment of Port Hudson Ma}- 27, [863, 
and was present at the surrender of the latter place ; 
was brevetted captain for 'gallantry in battle May 25, 
1863. 

During the month of April, 1 863, while the " Hartford" 
was blockading the mouth of the Red River, First Lieu- 
tenant Higbee was selected by Admiral Farragut to per- 
form picket duty. The admiral expected a night attack 
by the rebel ram fleet, then at Alexandria, and after dark 
Lieutenant Higbee was sent, every other night, about 
three miles up river in a canoe paddled by two contra- 
bands. He was provided with rockets to signal the 
" Hartford" in case of any movement on the part of the 
rebel fleet. In going up river, Lieutenant Higbee was 
obliged to pass close to a rebel picket, making the duty 
extremely hazardous. Lieutenant-Colonel Broome, then 




Captain Broome, at the time in command of the marines 
of Admiral Farragut's fleet, states as follows: " I know 
there was no individual service rendered by any one 
moie gallant and hazardous during the war of the Re- 
bellion." 

Lieutenant Higbee was ordered to marine barracks, 
New York, August, 1S63. Commissioned captain June 
IO, 1S64. Receiving-ship " North Carolina," 1864; ma- 
rine barracks, Norfolk, Virginia, 1865; flag-ship "New 
Hampshire," 1S65-66; marine barracks, New York, 
1866;. marine recruiting rendezvous, 1866-68; marine 
barracks, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1868-69; marine- 
barracks, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1869; fleet marine- 
officer, Pacific Station, 1870-73; marine barracks, Mare- 
Island, California, 1S71; marine barracks, Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, 1873—78; fleet marine-officer, Asiatic 
Station, 1878-81 ; marine barracks, Boston, Massachu- 
setts, 1881-82; marine barracks, navy-yard, Washing- 
ton, D. C, 1883-86; commanded Second Battalion of 
marines on Isthmus of Panama, April, 1S85 ; marine 
barracks, Norfolk, Virginia, 1886; marine barracks, 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 18S8-92 ; commissioned 
as major 1 8th of August, 1 889. At present, March, 
1892, commanding marine barracks, Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. 



20O 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN WILLIAM HOFFMAN, U.S.A. 

Captain William Hoffman was bom in Maine Feb- 
ruary [8, 1839. An a soldier, he graduated on the 
battle-field in that distinguished and well-remembered 
regiment, the Fifth New York Volunteer Infantry (Dur- 
yea's Zouaves). lie enlisted in the New York State 
service April 23, 1861, and was mustered into the United 
States service as sergeant, Company G, May 9, [861. 

He participated in the affair of Big Bethel, the affair at 
Pamunkey Bridge, the battles of Hanover Court-] louse, 
Gaines' Mill, White Oak Swamp, Charles City Cross- 
Roads, and Malvern Hill. 

He was appointed second lieutenant, Fifth New York- 
Volunteer Infantry, July 26, [862, "for gallant and meri- 
torious conduct upon the field of battle.'' 

He participated in the battle of Manassas Plains (sec- 
ond Bull Run), where lie received three severe rifle-ball 
wounds, — one through the left arm, grazing the bone; 
cmc under left shoulder-blade, glancing on ribs; and one 
through the fleshy portion of right thigh ; and in this same 



battle his brother Edward was killed beside him (see 
" Rebellion Records," Series I., Vol. II., Part II., page 504). 

lie was promoted to first lieutenant, Fifth New York 
Volunteer Infantry, September 24, 1862, " for gallant ser- 
vices upon the field of battle.'' 

He rejoined his regiment in ten weeks, and before his 
wounds were healed. 

lie participated in the battle of Fredericksburg; was 
promoted to captain, Company B, Fifth New York Vol- 
unteer Infantry, January 23, 1863; participated in the 
battle of Chancellorsville ; and was mustered out with 
regiment, at expiration of term of service, May 14, 1863. 

I le was ever at the post of duty and danger with this 
1 elebrated regiment, and he still bears an enviable repu- 
tation among the few survivors of the brave comrades 
of those days. 

As soon as he was mustered out he began recruitiner 
in New York City, and raised Battery B, Thirteenth New 
York Artillery, and was mustered into the Lnited States 
service as its captain August 29, 1863. He served about 
two years with this company in the defences of Ports- 
mouth, Virginia, and participated in a successful raid 
upon Murphree's Station, Virginia. He commanded the 
infantry column of the expedition, numbering about three 
hundred men. 

He did valuable service as chief of the military police 
at Norfolk", Virginia; and commanded Forts Reno and 
Cushing in the defences of Portsmouth, — about one year 
in each case. 

About August 1, 1865, he took station at Washington, 
D. C, and was placed in command of Fort De Russy. 

He was mustered out with his regiment, near New 
York City, August 24, 1865. 

Upon his personal application alone, he was appointed 
second lieutenant, Eleventh L T . S. Infantry, .May 1 1, 1866. 
lie was transferred to Twenty-ninth Infantry September 
21, [866, anil promoted first lieutenant June 25, 1S67; 
transferred to Eleventh Infantry April 25, 1869, and pro- 
moted captain April 24, 1S86. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



20 1 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL SAMUEL B. HOLABIRD, U.S.A. 
(retired). 

Brigadier-General Samuel B. Holabird was born 
in Connecticut June \(\ iSjCi, and graduated from the 
Military Academy July 1, 1849. He was promoted brevet 

second lieutenant First Infantry the same day, and second 
lieutenant June 10, 1850. He served on frontier duty, 
and was regimental quartermaster from July I, 1852, to 
May 31, 1858. He was then detailed on recruiting ser- 
vice for two years, when lie was ordered to the Military 
Academy, and was adjutant thereof from September 2, 
185^, to May 13, 1861. Me was promoted first lieutenant 
May 31, 1855. On May 13, 1 861, he was appointed cap- 
tain and assistant quartermaster; Jul}' 2, 1862, appointed 
major and additional aide-de-camp, and Jul} - 11, 1862, 
colonel and additional aide-de-camp. He was lieutenant- 
colonel of volunteers and inspector-general of General 
Dix's division (First Division of New York Volunteers), 
May [-13, 1 86 1. 

General Holabird served during the war of the Rebel- 
linn as quartermaster at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, from 
May 29 to June 10, [861 ; in the field, at Hagerstown, 
Maryland, with Patterson's columns, to August 13, 1861 ; 
at Frederick, Maryland, to March 31, 1862; chief quar- 
termaster of the division commanded by Major-General 
Banks to June, 1862 ; chief quartermaster Second Army 
Corps, under General Pope, to October, 1862, partici- 
pating in the campaign of Northern Virginia and the 
subsequent Maryland campaign. He was then assigned 
to duty in New York City, engaged in fitting out the 
Banks Expedition, which he accompanied to Ship Island, 
Mississippi, ami was then made chief quartermaster of 
the Department of the Gulf, which he retained until 
July, 1S65, participating in the mean time in the siege of 
Port I Iudson, Louisiana. He was then made depot quar- 
termaster at New Orleans, and subsequently chief quar- 
termaster of the Department of Louisiana, until March, 
1866. He was honorably mustered out of the volunteer 
service May 31, 1866, and on the 29th of July of that 
year he was appointed lieutenant-colonel and deputy 
quartermaster-general, and ordered to Washington, D.C. 

General Holabird was brevetted major, lieutenant-colo- 
nel, and brigadier-general March 13, 1865, for " faithful 
and meritorious services during the war." 




He was relieved from duty in Washington in Feb- 
ruary, 1867, and assigned as chief quartermaster of the 
Department of Dakota, where he remained until April 
1 8, 1872, and was then transferred as chief quarter- 
master of the Department of Texas to August 15, 1875. 
On October 31, 1875, he was chief quartermaster of the 
Military Division of the Missouri, and on May 6, 1878, 
became chief quartermaster of the Military Division of 
the Pacific and Department of California, serving at San 
Francisco to October 15, 1879, when he was ordered once 
more to Washington, D. C, and placed on duty in the 
quartermaster-general's office. He was promoted colo- 
nel and assistant quartermaster-general January 22, 1881. 

On being relieved from duty in Washington April 30, 
18S2, he was placed in charge of the general depot of 
the Quartermaster's Department at Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, which he retained until July 2, 1883, when the 
President appointed him quartermaster-general, with the 
rank of brigadier-general, and he was ordered to Wash- 
ington, where he remained on duty until retired, by oper- 
ation of law, June 16, 1890. 

General Holabird was ever alert to the needs of the 
army, and while occupying the position of quartermaster- 
general introduced many reforms to improve the condi- 
tion of the enlisted men, supplying them with comforts 
and conveniences which soldiers could scarcely have 
dreamed of a quarter of a century before. 



26 



202 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular; 




COMMANDER EDWARD HOOKER, U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Commander Edward Hooker was born in Connec- 
ticut in [822, and bred to the sea in the merchant marine, 
commanding a ship when twenty-three years old. One of 
the earliest volunteers for the naval service in the Civil 
War, he was appointed acting master in July, i86t. His 
first service was in the gun-boat " Louisiana," and, while 
attached to that vessel, he was severely wounded during 
a boat expedition October 5, 1861. He was the first 
officer of his grade wounded during the war, and, as years 
roll round, these wounds are causing him serious incon- 
venience. 

He took an active part in the Burnside Expedition 
while in the "Louisiana." At New Berne that vessel 
fired the fust and last shut of the action. Soon after 
the capture of New Berne he became the executive- 
officer of the "Louisiana." At the time of the Con- 
federate attack upon Washington, North Carolina, in 
September, 1S62, the ship was fought by Commander 
Hooker, in the absence of the commanding officer, 
in a manner which caused high commendation from 
commanding officers of our own forces. The Con- 
federate view of the matter we can give from the Raleigh 
Standard, although space requires us to condense the 
article. The paper speaks of the affair as "disgraceful" 
to some concerned on the Confederate side. " It is said 
that we lost three hundred, killed and wounded, among 
them four captains. Our forces held the town about two 
hours, but were forced to retire by the Yankee gun-boat 
'Louisiana.' . . . Our forces engaged consisted of the 
Seventeenth and Fifty-fifth North Carolina Regiments, 
two artillery companies, ami six companies of cavalry, 
amounting to some three thousand altogether. . . . Were 



it not for the gun-boat the Union garrison would have 
been captured," for the town was surprised at daybreak, 
the fortifications captured, and the guns turned on the 
garrison. The rapidity and accuracy of fire of the 
" Louisiana" drove the Confederates off, after they were 
in full possession. 

for gallantry on this occasion, Commander Hooker 
was made acting volunteer lieutenant, to date from the 
day of the action, lie was then ordered to a command 
in the blockade off Wilmington, and soon after to the 
command of a division of the Potomac Flotilla, in which 
command he continued until the end of the war. In 
[864 he was ordered, with his division, to co-operate 
with General Grant's army, and to clear the Rappahan- 
nock River, so that transports could reach Fredericks- 
burg. This duty he performed, and he remained at 
Fredericksburg until it was evacuated by our forces. 
llis ship being then in urgent need of repairs, Com- 
mander Hooker was sent by Commander Foxhall 
Parker, commanding the flotilla, to the Washington 
Navy- Yard, being then promoted to acting volunteer 
lieutenant-commander. 

After the war closed he was at the New York Navy- 
Yard. He then took the store-ship " Idaho" to the 
Asiatic Squadron, and while there was transferred from 
the volunteer to the regular navy list. Commissioned 
lieutenant March, 1868, and lieutenant-commander De- 
cember, 1868. He was, after this, captain of the yard at 
League Island, assistant light-house inspector, and other 
duties, until in February, 1884, while on duty at the Naval 
Home, at Philadelphia, he was promoted to commander. 
In December of that year he was placed upon the retired 
list by operation of law. Since then he has resided in 
Brooklyn, New York. 

Commander Hooker is a lineal descendant of the 
Reverend Thomas Hooker, who founded the colony of 
Connecticut and the present city of Hartford, in 1636. 
lie is also descended from the first mayor of the city ol 
New York. Ilis grandfather was a colonel of the Revo- 
lutionary War, and his grandmother was a daughter of 
Major Griswold, a noted cavalry officer in the French 
War. His father was a graduate of Yale, and, after a 
connection with Columbia College, Smith Carolina, de- 
voted his life to scientific farming and to literature, in 
Connecticut. 

Commander Hooker is a Companion of the Loyal 
Legion, member of Rankin Post, No. 10, Grand Army, 
Connecticut Society of Sons of the Revolution, the 
Brooklyn New England Society, Brooklyn Library Asso- 
ciation, Long Island Historical Society, and Rhode 
Island Marine Society, and honorary member of other 
societies; a member of Aurora Grata Club, Brooklyn, 
and an active member of the Brooklyn Association of 
Masonic Veterans. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



203 



BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL JOSEPH 
HOOKER, U.S.A. (deceased). 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General Joseph 
Hooker was born in Massachusetts and graduated from 
the Military Academy July I, 1837. He was promoted 
second lieutenant of the First .Artillery the same day, 
and first lieutenant November 1, 1S38. He served in the 
Florida War of 1837—38, and then was on the Maine 
frontier at Houlton, pending disputed territory contro- 
versy in 1838 ; and afterwards, during the Canada border 
disturbances, at Swanton, Vermont, and Rouse's Point, 
lasting until 1840. After a short tour in garrison at Fort 
Columbus, he was adjutant of the Military Academy 
from July 1 to October 3, 1841. He was adjutant of the 
First Artillery from September 11, 1 841, to May 11,1 846. 

He participated in the war with Mexico on the staff of 
Brigadier-General P. F. Smith, and of Brigadier-General 
liarmar, in 1846, and aide-de-camp to Major-General 
Butler in 1847, and as assistant adjutant-general of 
Major-General Pillow's division in 1847-48, being en- 
gaged in the battle of Monterey; defence of the convoy 
at the National Bridge; skirmish of La Hoya; battles 
of Contreras and Churubusco, Molino del Rey, and 
storming of Chapultepec, for which he was brevetted cap- 
tain, major, and lieutenant-colonel. He was appointed 
brevet captain of staff (assistant adjutant-general) March 
3, 1847, and was assistant adjutant-general of the Sixth 
Military Department from September 13 to October 2.S, 
184S; and of the Pacific Division June 9, 1849, to 
November 24, 1851. lie was promoted captain of the 
First Artillery October 29, 1848, which he vacated. He 
was on leave of absence in 1851—53, and resigned from 
the army February 21, 1853. 

Upon leaving the arm}- Colonel Hooker went to farm- 
ing near Sonoma, California ; was superintendent of 
military roads in Oregon in 1 85 8-59, and colonel of 
California militia in 1859-61. At the commencement of 
the war of the Rebellion lie tendered his services to the 
government and was appointed brigadier-general of vol- 
unteers May 17, 1 86 1. He served in the defences of 
Washington City, and in guarding the Lower Potomac 
to March io, 1862, when he commanded a division in 
the Peninsula campaign with the Army of the Potomac. 
He was appointed major-general of volunteers May 5, 
1862, and was engaged in the siege of Yorktown ; bat- 
tles of Williamsburg and Fair Oaks; combat on the 
Williamsburg Road ; battles of Glendale, Malvern Hill, 
and reoccupation and action of the same place August 
5, 1862. He commanded a division in the Northern 
Virginia campaign, and was engaged in the action of 
Bristoe Station ; battles of second Bull Run and Chan- 
tilly. He commanded the First Army Corps in the 
Maryland campaign, and was engaged in the battles of 
South Mountain and Antietam, where he was severely 




wounded, and was, in consequence, on sick-leave to 
November 10, 1862, when he rejoined the army, and was 
in command of the Fifth Corps to November 16; of the 
Centre Grand Division (Third and Fifth Corps) to Janu- 
ary 26, 1863, and then of the Army of the Potomac, 
being engaged in the battle of Fredericksburg, action at 
Kelly's Ford, and battle of Chancellorsville ; and then in 
pursuit of the enemy to Pennsylvania, to June 28, 1863, 
when he relinquished command of the army, which had 
been engaged in the action of Brandy Station and skir- 
mishes at Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville. 

General Hooker received the thanks of Congress, 
January 28, 1864, " for the skill, energy, and endurance 
which first covered Washington and Baltimore from the 
meditated blow of the advancing and powerful army of 
rebels led by General Robert E. Lee," and was appointed 
brigadier-general U. S. Army September 20, 1862. 

From June 28 to September 24, 1863, General Hooker 
was on waiting orders at Baltimore, Maryland, and was 
then assigned to command the Eleventh and Twelfth 
Army Corps (consolidated afterwards into the Twentieth 
Corps), and participated in the operations of the Western 
army, being engaged in all the actions of that army from 
Chattanooga to the siege of Atlanta, in July, 1S64. He- 
was then placed on waiting-orders until the following 
September, when he was assigned to the command of the 
Northern Department. He was brevetted major-general 
U. S. Army, for " gallant and meritorious services at the 
battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee." 

General Hooker was assigned to the command of the 
Department of the East July 8, 1865, and was then given 
the Department of the Lakes, where, after being mus- 
tered out of the volunteer service September 1, 1866, he 
remained to 1867, and he was retired upon the full rank 
of major-general U. S. Army October 15, 1868. He died 
at Garden City, Long Island, October 31, 1879. 



204 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MEDICAL DIRECTOR PHINEAS J. HoRWITZ. U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Medical Director Phineas J. Horwitz was born in 
Maryland in March, 1S2J, and graduated in medicine at 
the University of Maryland in March, [845. Appointed 
assistant surgeon in the navy November, 1S47, and as- 
signed to duty in the Gulf Squadron, then operating against 
Mexico. Dr. Horwitz was at once placet! in charge of 
the Naval Hospital at Tabasco, and remained there until 
the close of the war. This duty was performed so ener- 
getically and efficiently as to receive the personal com- 
mendation and thanks of the commander-in-chief, Com- 
modore M. C. Perry. Dr. Horwitz then made a cruise 
in the Mediterranean in the "Constitution," and was then 
ordered to the .store-ship " Relief," bound to the Brazil 
Station. In January, 1853, he was examined and passed 
for promotion, and was then assigned to the steamer 
" Princeton," in which he served for two years. lie next 



served in the store-ship " Supply," on the African and 
Brazil Stations. Upon his return to the United States, 
in 1859, he was offered the position of assistant to the 
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Navy Department, 
which office he held until he was appointed* chief of the 
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Jul)' 1, 1865. This 
position he retained until his term of service expired, 
Jul}- 1, 1S69. Dr. Horwitz was promoted to surgeon on 
April 19, 1861, but his services in the bureau were con- 
sidered so important that he was not permitted to vacate 
his appointment as assistant, and Congress, in acknowl- 
edgment of the immense amount of work he was per- 
forming, voted to give him the highest shore-pay of his 
grade. During the entire period of the war of the Re- 
bellion the labor of the bureau fell almost wholly upon 
Dr. Horwitz, and his was the only bureau in which the 
clerical force was not increased. The whole system of 
tabulating the casualties of the war, of indexing books 
of reference, reports of survey, certificates of disability 
and of diseases, was designed and carried forward by 
Dr. Horwitz, so that there was probably no case of injury, 
disease, or disability that occurred during his connection 
with the bureau that will not be found in its appropriate 
place in the surgeon-general's office. The immense num- 
ber of pension cases accruing during the war were all ex- 
amined, adjusted, and prepared by him, and every official 
letter that left the bureau was written by him. All this 
was done without the aid of a single additional writer.'or 
clerk. On leaving the bureau, in 1869, Dr. Horwitz was 
placed in charge of the Naval Hospital at Philadelphia, 
and since that time has been assigned to various duties 
at that station. He was promoted to the grade of medi- 
cal inspector March 3, 1871, and to that of medical direc- 
tor December 19, 1873. Was president of the Examining 
Board at Philadelphia, [883-84. Retired in 1884. 



* Surgeon-general with the tank of commodore. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



205 



MAJOR-GENERAL OLIVER 0. HOWARD, U.S.A. 

Major-Genera l Oliver O. Howard was born in 
Maine November 8, 1830, and graduated at the Military 
Academy Jul)- 1, 1S54. He was appointed a brevet 
second lieutenant of ordnance the same da}-, and second 
lieutenant February 15, 1S55. He served at various 
arsenals until 1856, and was ordered to Florida, where he 
participated in hostilities against the Seminole Indians 
in 1S57. He was then detailed for duty at the Military 
Academy, as assistant professor of mathematics, Septem- 
ber 21, 1857, having been promoted first lieutenant July 
1, 1857. He resigned his commission in the army June 
7, 1 861. 

General Howard was appointed colonel of the Third 
Maine Volunteers June 4, [861, and served in the de- 
fences of Washington, and commanded a brigade in the 
Manassas campaign, being engaged in the first battle of 
Bull Run, July 21, [861. He was appointed a brigadier- 
general of volunteers September 3, 1861, and made a re- 
connoissance in the early spring of 1862 from Washing- 
ton to the Rappahannock River. He participated in the 
Peninsula campaign with the Army of the Potomac, and 
was engaged at the siege of York town and battle of Fair 
( )aks, June i, 1862, where lie was twice severely wounded, 
losing his right arm. He was compelled to leave the field, 
and when convalescent devoted himself to raising volun- 
teers. Returning to the field about August 27, 1862, he 
was engaged in a skirmish near Centreville September 
1, following. He participated in the Maryland campaign, 
and was engaged in the battle of Antietam, Maryland, 
and in the subsequent march to Falmouth and battle of 
Fredericksburg, Virginia. 

General Howard was appointed major-general of vol- 
unteers November 29, 1862, and served, in command of 
the Eleventh Army Corps, from April 1, 1863, and was 
engaged in the battles of Chancellorsville, Virginia, and 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and in pursuit of the enemy 
to Warrenton, Virginia ; then guarding the Orange and 
Alexandria Railroad until September, 1863. His corps 
was then put en route to Bridgeport, Tennessee, and took 
part in the operations about Chattanooga, being engaged 
in the action of Lookout Valley, battle of Missionary 
Ridge, and expedition for the relief of Knoxville, to 
December 17, 1863. He was then in occupation of 
Chattanooga to May 3, 1864, and was assigned to the 
command of the Fourth Corps April 10, 1864, when the 
Eleventh and Twelfth Corps were consolidated to form 
the Twentieth. He commanded the Fourth Corps until 
July 27, 1864, when he was assigned to the command of 
the Army of the Tennessee in the invasion of Georgia. 
He was engaged in the operations around Dalton, battle 
of Resaca, actions of Adairsville and Cassville, battle 
of Dallas, action of Pickett's Mill (May 27, 1864, where 
he was wounded), battles and skirmishes about Pine and 




Kenesaw Mountains, actions of Smyrna Camp-Ground, 
combat of Peach-Tree Creek, siege of Atlanta, combat 
of Ezra Church, battle of Jonesborough, surrender of 
Atlanta ami occupation of the place. 

lie pursued the rebels under General Hood into 
Alabama, with frequent engagements. He participated 
in the " march to the sea," and was engaged in numerous 
actions and skirmishes, including the combats and actions 
of General Sherman's army to the surrender of General 
Johnston, April 26, 1S65. 

Genera] Howard was appointed a brigadier-general in 
the U.S. Army December 21, 1864, and was brevctted 
major-general, U.S.A., March 13, 1865, for " gallant and 
meritorious services at the battle of Ezra Church ami 
during the campaign against Atlanta, Georgia." 

At the conclusion of the war General Howard was 
appointed commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees, 
Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, at Washington, D.C., 
May 12, 1865. 

He commanded the Department of the Columbia from 
Jul)-, 1S74, to 18S0, and was superintendent of the Mili- 
tary Academy from June 21, 18S1 , to September 1, 1882, 
when he was ordered to the command of the Depart- 
ment of the Platte. He was appointed a major-general 
in the U. S. Army March 19, 1886, and assigned to the 
command of the Military Division of the Pacific, from 
which he was relieved, in 1S88, and assigned to the 
Military Division of the Atlantic. Divisions having 
been discontinued, he now commands the Department 
of the East. 

General Howard had the degree of A.M. conferred 
by Bowdoin College, Maine, in 1853 ; the degree of 
LL.D. conferred by Waterville College, Maine, in 
1865; the same by Shurtleff College, Illinois, in 1865; 
and by Gettysburg Theological Seminary, Pennsylvania, 
in 1866. 



206 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY A. YD NAVY regular) 




CAPTAIN HHNRY L. HOWE, U.S.A. 

Captain Henry L. Howe (Seventeenth Infantry) was 
born in Massachusetts January 2, 185 1. ' Prior to enter- 



ing the volunteer service he was sergeant of Captain 
George C. Whitcomb's Company of State Militia of 
Minnesota, and participated in operations against Little 
Crow's band of hostile Sioux Indians from August 25 to 
I October 17, 1862, participating in three engagements 
with said Indians. 

He entered the volunteer service during the war of the 
Rebellion, and was private ami first sergeant of Com- 
pany B, Independent Battalion of Minnesota Cavalry, 
from July 1, 1863, to June 29, 1864, when he was ap- 
pointed second lieutenant of the same battalion, and 
promoted first lieutenant July 6, [865. 

He was honorably mustered out of the volunteer ser- 
vice May 30, 1866, having been appointed second lieu- 
tenant in the Seventeenth U. S. Infantry I-'ebruary 23, 
1 866. 

He joined his regiment at Hart's Island, New York, 
anil has served with it at various stations in the several 
military departments. 

He was promoted first lieutenant July 28, 1 866, and 
captain June I, 1S75. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



207 



RF.AR-ADMIRAL JOHN C. HOWELL, U.S.N, (retired). 

Rear-Admiral John C. Howell was born in Penn- 
sylvania November 24, 1S19, coming of people who 
had always been distinguished in the colonial and war- 
like history of the States of New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania. He was appointed a midshipman from Penn- 
sylvania on June 9, 1 836, and made a cruise in the 
West Indies in the sloop-of-war " Levant," which ex- 
tended to nearly four years. He was promoted to 
passed midshipman Jul)' I, 1842, and served on board 
the frigate "Congress" in the Mediterranean for two 
years. He then went to the East Indies in the brig 
" Perry," served in her from 1X44 to 1845, and then was 
naval storekeeper at Macao, — the most charming place 
in (he East at that period, — from 1845 to 1848. He 
became a lieutenant in August, 1849, and made cruises 
in the frigate " Raritan," of the Home Squadron, and 
sloop "Saratoga," of the East India Squadron, return- 
ing home in 1854. After two years' service at the 
Philadelphia station he next made a cruise in the Med- 
iterranean in the fine steamer " Susquehanna," and again 
came back to duty in Philadelphia. When the Civil 
War began, Lieutenant Howell was ordered to the 
" Minnesota" steam-frigate, and served in her at the 
battle of Hatteras Inlet. 

He was commissioned as commander in the navy 
July 16, 1862, and commanded the steamer " Tahoma," 
of the East Gulf Blockading Squadron, in 1862-63. He 
was then transferred to the command of the " Nereus," 
of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and in her 
was in the two actions at Fort Fisher in December, 1864, 
and January, 1865. 




He was commissioned as captain July 25, 1866, and 
was in charge of recruiting duty at Philadelphia for 
two years. He next served as fleet-captain and chief 
of staff of the European Squadron from 186910 1871. 
Commanded the League Island Station in 1871-72. 

Commissioned as commodore January 29, 1872, and 
commanded the Portsmouth Navy- Yard until 1875, when 
he was made chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks, 
in the Navy Department, for the term of four years, — 
this being an office subject to the approval of the U. S. 
Senate. 

He was commissioned as rear-admiral in 1877, and 
was in command of the European Station for two years. 
He was retired in 18S1, under the operation of law. 



208 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN RICHARD L. HOXIE, U.S.A. 

Captain Richard L. Hoxie (Corps of Engineers) was 
born in New York City August 7, 1S44, in the eighth 
generation from Lodovic Hanksie, who settled at Sand- 
wich, Massachusetts, in [650, and is the great-grandson 
of Lieutenant Pelig Hoxsie, of the First Rhode Island 
(Lippitt's) Regiment of the Revolutionary army. His 
earl} - education was obtained in the public and private 
schools at New York and Pennsylvania, and in Europe, 
and at the outbreak of the Civil War he was a student in 
the State University of Iowa, at Iowa City. Here he 
enlisted in Company F, First Regiment Iowa Volunteer 
Cavalry, June 13, 1 861, and marched to regimental ren- 
dezvous at Burlington, Iowa, \\ here the regiment was soon 
after mustered into the service of the United States. Upi >n 
this occasion he was rejected by the mustering officer 
because oi the fact that he was only sixteen years of age, 
but, continuing to serve with the company, he was mus- 
tered in a few months later. He served continuously 
with this regiment, which took the field in October, 1861, 
in Missouri and Arkansas, up to the taking of Little 
Rock, and the subsequent expedition to Camderi in 1S64. 
At this time the period of service of the regiment was 



about to expire. He was the first soldier to re-enlist in 
the regiment as a veteran volunteer, in January, 1S64, and 
was followed by about six hundred more, — a very large 
proportion of the effecth e strength. I le received honor- 
able mention in official correspondence for conduct in 
action, and three separate tenders of a commission, — the 
latter declined, — and finally an appointment to the Mili- 
tary Academy at West Point from the veteran volun- 
teers, to accept which he was mustered out of the 
volunteer service June io, 1S64. 1 le was graduated from 
the Military Academy June 13, [868, and promoted 
second lieutenant of Engineers June 15, 1868; served 
with the Engineer Battalion at Jefferson Barracks, Mis- 
souri, from October I, 1868, to September 5, 1.H70, under 
General H. W. Benham ; in charge of construction and 
repair of fortifications in Boston harbor, Massachusetts, 
from September 5, 1S70, to July 3, 1872 ; promoted to 
first lieutenant September 22, 1S70; on explorations and 
surveys in the Western Territories from July ^, 1872, to 
July 2, 1S74; nominated by President Grant as member 
of the Board of Public Works of the District of Colum- 
bia, under the Territorial government, in 1S74, and nomi- 
nation confirmed by the Senate; detailed as engineer to 
the Board of Commissioners of the District of Columbia 
under the act of June 20, 1874, and continuously engaged 
upon the public works of the district until August 14, 
1SN4 ; promoted to the rank of captain, Corps of Engi- 
neers, June 15, 18S2; in charge of various works of 
river and harbor improvement and coast defences in the 
States ot Georgia, Florida, and Alabama, from August iC, 
1SS4, to January 17, 1SS9; member of Engineer Board 
on Selma Bridge in 1885 ; since January 17, 1889, has 
been in command of Company B, U. S. Engineer Bat- 
talion, stationed at Willet's Point, New York harbor, and 
instructor in military engineering and in field astronomy 
at the post-graduate U. S. Engineer School, at Willet's 
Point. 

Captain Iloxic is a member of the American Society 
of Civil Engineers, of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, U. S., and of theOrder of Sons of the American 
Revolution. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



209 



BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL ANDREW 
A. HUMPHREYS (deceased). 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General Andrew A. 
Humphreys was born in Pennsylvania, and graduated 
from the Military Academy July I, [831, and was as- 
signed as brevet second lieutenant Second Artillery, and 
promoted second lieutenant the same date. 

lie was on duty at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina, 
in 1 83 1, and on special duty, making drawings at the 
Military Academy, from January 5 to April 18, 1832 ; in 
the Cherokee Nation 1832-33, and in garrison at Au- 
gusta Arsenal, Georgia, 1833; at Fort Marion, Florida, 
1833-34, and on topographical duty August 12, 1834, to 
December, 1835, making surveys in West Florida and at 
Cape Cod, Massachusetts. He participated in the Florida 
War against the Seminole Indians in 1836, being engaged 
in the actions of Oloklikaha and Micanopy. 

lie was promoted first lieutenant Second Artillery 
August 16, 1836, and resigned the service September 
30, 1836. After resigning from the army he was en- 
gaged as civil engineer, assisting Major Bache in the 
plans ofBrandywine Shoal Light-house and Crow Shoal 
Breakwater, Delaware Bay, 1836-38. 

On July 2, 1838, he was reappointed in the army as 
first lieutenant Corps of Topographical Engineers. 

He served at Washington as assistant in the Topo- 
graphical Bureau in 1840-41, and in Coast Survey Office, 
1844-49. 

He was promoted captain Corps of Engineers May 31, 
1S48, and in 1850 was detailed to make a topographic 
and hydrographic survey of the delta of the Mississippi 
River, with a view to its protection from inundation, and 
deepening the channels at its mouth. He continued on 
this detail, having general charge, till iS6[. While en- 
gaged on this duty he visited Europe, examining means 
for protecting delta rivers from inundations, [853-54, and 
upon return he was placed in general charge, under the 
War Department, of the office duties at Washington, 
D. C, connected with explorations and surveys for rail- 
roads from the Mississippi River to Pacific Ocean, and 
geographical explorations west of Mississippi, 1854-61. 

During the war of the Rebellion, 1861-65, he served 
on the staff of Major-General McClellan, general-in-chief, 
at Washington, D. C, from December 1, 1S61, to March 

5, 1862, and in the Virginia Peninsula campaign as chief 
topographical engineer of the Army of the Potomac from 
March 5 to August 31, 1862, being engaged in the siege 
of Yorktown, April 5 to May 4, 1862. 

He was promoted major Corps of Engineers August 

6, 1862, and colonel, staff additional aide-de-camp, March 
5, 1862, and April 28, 1862, brigadier-general U. S. Vol- 
unteers. 

He served with distinction in the movements and oper- 
ations against Richmond, Virginia, and on the James 
27 




River, May and June, 1862; in the Maryland and Rap- 
pahannock campaigns, lie was brevetted colonel De- 
cember 13, 1862, for gallant and meritorious services 
at the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, and promoted 
lieutenant-colonel Corps of Engineers March 3, 1863. 

He participated in the Pennsylvania campaign, being 
engaged in the battle of Gettysburg, as chief of staff of 
General Meade, commanding the Army of the Potomac, 
from July 8, 1863, to November 25, 1S64. On July 8, 
1863, he was promoted major-general U. S. Volunteers. 

He participated in the movements and operations dur- 
ing 1864-65 in Virginia, serving with distinction in the 
various battles, actions, and sieges, and in the pursuit of 
General Lee's rebel army (including the several actions 
of the Second Corps, April 6, 1865, terminating at 
Sailor's Creek, and actions at High Bridge and Farm- 
ville, April 7, 1865), till its surrender April 9, 1865. 

He was brevetted brigadier-general U. S. Army March 
1 5, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services at the bat- 
tle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and major-general U. S. 
Army March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices at the battle of Sailor's Creek, Virginia. He was 
mustered out of the volunteer service May 31, 1866. 

He was appointed brigadier-general and chief of en- 
gineers of the U. S. Arm>- August 8, 1866, and was in 
command of the Corps of Engineers and in charge of the 
Engineer Bureau, August 8, 1866, until retired from active 
service June 3, 1879. He died December 27, 1 883. 

He was a member of the American Philosophical 
Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, [857, and American 
Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts, 
1863. He was the corporator of the National Academy 
of Sciences since March 3, 1863; an honorary member 
of the Imperial Royal Geological Institute of Vienna, 
Austria, 1862, and of the Royal Institute of Science and 
Art of Lombardy, Milan, Italy, 1864. 



2IO 



OFFICERS OF THE .IRMY AND NAVY [kegulak) 




COLONEL AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL HENRY 
J. HUNT. U.S.A. (deceased). 

Colonel and Brevet Major-General Hexk\ J, 
Hunt was born in Michigan, and graduated from the 

Military Academy July i, 1839. He was promoted the 
same day to second lieutenant Second Artillery, and 
. rved on the Northern frontier during the Canada bor- 
der disturbances. Afterwards he was stationed at posts 
on the Lakes, and was promoted first lieutenant June 
IS, 1846. 

lie participated in the war with Mexico, and was 
engaged in the siege of Vera Cruz, battle of Cerro 
Gordo, capture of San Antonio, battle of Churubusco, 
battle el" Molino del Rey (where he was twice wounded), 
storming of Chapultepec, and assault and capture of the 
City of Mexico September 13, 14, 1 S47. 

For this service Lieutenant Hunt was brevetted cap- 
tain August 20, 184;, "for gallant and meritorious con- 
duct in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mexico;" 
and maj.»r September 13. 1S47, "for gallant and merito- 
rious conduct in the battle of Chapultepec, Mexico." 

After the close of the Mexican War, Lieutenant Hunt 
was stationed at Fort McIIenry, Fort Monroe, and Fori 
Moultrie, and was promoted captain Second Artillery 
September 28, 1852. Then he was ordered on frontier 
duty at boit Smith, Arkansas, and Fort Washington, 
Indian Territory, until detailed as member of a board to 
revise the system of light-artillery tactics, which was 
adopted lor the army March 6, i860. He was at Fort 
Kearney, Nebraska, in 1858; Fort Brown, Texas, in 
i860, and Harper's berry, Virginia, t86i. lie was pro- 
moted major filth Artillery May 14, [861, and partici- 
pated in the defence of fort Pickens, to June 28, and in 



the Manassas campaign of Virginia, being engaged in 
the battle of first Bull Run, July 21, 1 86 1, when he was 
in command of the artillery on the extreme left. 

Major Hunt was chief of artillery in the defences of 
Washington, south of the Potomac, until appointed colo- 
nel of staff, — additional aide-de-camp, September 28, 
1861, and participated in the Peninsula campaign of the 
Army of the Potomac to August, 1862, in command of 
the Reserve Artillery, and was engaged in the siege of 
Yorktown, battle of Gaines' Mill, action of Garnett's 
Farm, action of Turkey Bend, battle of Malvern Hill, 
and various skirmishes. 

Colonel Hunt was chief of artillery in the Maryland 
campaign, and was engaged in the battles of South 
Mountain and Antietam, and the subsequent march to 
Falmouth, terminating with the battle of Fredericksburg. 
He was in the mean time appointed brigadier-general of 
volunteers September 15, 1862. 

As chief of artillery, General Hunt served in all the 
remaining campaigns of the Army of the Potomac to 
the end of the war, and was engaged in the battles of 
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, siege of Petersburg, from 
June 15, 1864, to April 3, 1863, including the assaults on 
the enemy's works, combat at Fort Steadman, anil pur- 
suit of the enemy after the assault of April 2, 1865. until 
the capitulation of General Lee, at Appomattox Court- 
House, Virginia, April 9, 1S65. 

He was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the Third 
Artillery August 1, 1SO3, and was brevetted colonel, 
brigadier-general, and major-general for gallant and meri- 
torious sen ices in action. He was also brevetted major- 
general of volunteers Jul}- 0, 1864, for "gallantry and 
distinguished conduct at the battle of Gettysburg, and 
for faithful and highly meritorious services in the cam- 
paign from the Rapid. in to Petersburg, Virginia." 

At the cli ise 1 if the w ar ( ieneral I i unt was in command 
of a camp of instruction for field artillery, near Bladens- 
burg, Maryland, from June to August, 1S65, and of the 
frontier district of Arkansas, at Fort Smith, from Sep- 
tember, 1865, to April, 1 866, when he was mustered out 
of the volunteer service. He then reverted to his rank 
of lieutenant-colonel Third Artillery, and was member of 
aboard for the armament of fortifications, and in com- 
mand of various posts, and was promoted colonel Fifth 
Artillery April 4, 1869. For a long time he was one of 
the prominent candidates for brigadier-general in the 
regular army; but the fates were against him, ami he- 
was retired forage September 14. 1883. He died while 
in command of the Soldiers' Home at Washington, 
I >. C, February 1 1 , 1 SS9. 



WHO SERVED TN THE CIVIL WAR. 



211 



CAPTAIN JAMES M. INGALLS, U.S.A. 

Captain James M. Ingalls (First Artillery) was born 
in the town of Sutton, Vermont, January 25, 1X37. In 
his early youth his parents moved to Massachusetts, 
where he began his education in the public schools. 
After reaching manhood he went to the then West, and 
for four years was professor of mathematics in Evans- 
ville Seminary, Wisconsin. At the beginning of 1S64 
he enlisted in Company A, First Battalion, Sixteenth 
Regular Infantry, then stationed at Columbus, Kentucky, 
as head-quarters guard, having been promised by the 
captain of the company as rapid advancement to a com- 
mission as possible. In the latter part of January, 1864, 
Company A was ordered to join the remainder of the 
regiment at Chattanooga, Tennessee, in readiness for the 
opening of the Atlanta campaign. He was promoted to 
second lieutenant of his regiment May 3, 1865, and served 
with his company at various places in Tennessee, Georgia, 
and Alabama. He was promoted first lieutenant May 3, 
1S65, and upon the consolidation of regiments was trans- 
ferred to the Second Infantry April 17, 1869, having per- 
formed the duties of quartermaster of the First Battalion 
of the Sixteenth Infantry from June 4, 1865, to Septem- 
ber 21, 1866. During his tour of duty in the Southern 
States he was engaged in the extremely disagreeable ser- 
vice connected with reconstruction until January 1, 1871, 
when he was transferred to the First Artillery, his present 
regiment. lie was assigned to Battery A (Sih«ey's), sta- 
tioned at Fort Ontario, Oswego, New York, but was 
transferred to Battery G (Elder's) for a tour of duty at the 
Artillery School, Fort Monroe, May I, I 87 1. 

He was transferred, May 1, 1872, to Battery M (Lang- 
don's), at Plattsburg Barracks, and followed its fortunes 
(including three yellow-fever epidemics at Forts Jefferson 
and Barrancas) until July 1, 1880, when he was promoted 
to a captaincy, and assigned to the command of Battery 
A, stationed at Governor's Island, New York harbor. 

In September, 1 88 1 , his battery was selected by General 
Hancock to guard the Franklyn Cottage at Elberon, New 
Jersey, while it was occupied by President Garfield. 

At the request of General Getty, commanding the 
Artillery School, Captain Ingalls was transferred to Bat- 
tery G of his regiment, stationed at Fort Monroe, upon 
the promotion of Captain Elder, who had for many years 
been an instructor at the school. In December, 1882, at 




the suggestion of Captain Ingalls, the Department of 
Ballistics was created at the Artillery School and placed 
in his charge, with the understanding that he should 
prepare a suitable text-book for the use of the school, 
which should embrace all the best modern methods 
employed in Europe. This work, printed at the Artillery 
School, was ready for use in September, 1883, and was 
the first treatise on Exterior Ballistics ever published in 
the United States. A second edition was published by 
the Artillery School in January, 1885, and a third edition 
from the press of D. Van Nostrand appeared in 1 886. 

Other professional works prepared by Captain Ingalls 
are : " Ballistic Machines," from the Artillery School 
press, 1885 ; " Hand-book of Problems in Exterior 
Ballistics," Artillery School, 1889; and a second edition 
by John Wiley & Sons, 1890; "Ballistic Tables for 
Direct, Curved, and High-Angle Fire," John Wiley & 
Sons, 1891 ; " Interior Ballistics," Artillery School press, 
1 891. 

In addition to his ballistic work, Captain Ingalls was 
senior instructor of practical artillery exercises to the 
class of 1884; senior instructor of engineering to the 
class of 1 888; senior instructor of electricity and defen- 
sive torpedoes to the classes of 1884, 1886, 1888, and 
1890; senior instructor of telegraph} - to the classes of 
1S84, 1 886, and 1888 ; and senior instructor of signalling 
from 8th May, 1884, to 7th September, 1888. 



212 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL RUFUS 
INGALLS, U.S.A. (retired). 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major-General Rufus lx- 
gaj ls was born in the State of Maine, and entered the 
Military Academy July 1, [839. He was promoted 
brevet second lieutenant Rifles July 1, 1843, and served 
on frontier duty at Forts Jesup, Louisiana, and Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, till the war with Mexico, [846-47, in 
which he participated, being engaged in the skirmish of 
Embudo, January 29, 1847, and the assault of Pueblo de 
Taos, February 4, 1847. ' )n March 17, [845, he was 
promoted second lieutenant First Dragoons, and on Feb- 
ruary 4, 1847, brevetted first lieutenant, for gallant and 
meritorious conduct in the conflicts .it Kmbudo and Taos. 

After completing a tour of recruiting service, 1847-48, 
he accompanied the troops on the voyage to California, 
via Cape Horn, in [848, and was on duty as quarter- 
master, .md served at various posts in California till 1853, 
when he returned to Washington. He served with the 
Colonel Steptoe Expedition across the continent via 
Leavenworth, Kansas, and Salt Lake, Utah, to San 
Francisco, California, 1854-55 ; and at various posts till . 
[86l, being on the commission to examine the war-debt 
of Oregon and Washington Territory, 1857—58, he having 
been, in the mean time, promoted first lieutenant, Febru- 
ary [6, 1 S47 ; and captain (on staff, assistant quarter- 
master) January \2, (848. 

During the war of the Rebellion he served at Fort 
Pickens, Florida, from April 20 to July 15, 186] ; and as 
chief quartermaster of the forces occupying the defences 



of Washington, D. C, south of the Potomac; and at 
Annapolis, Maryland, and Alexandria, Virginia, receiving 
transports and superintending the embarkation of the 
Army of the Potomac to the Virginia Peninsula cam- 
paign, March 1 to April 2, 1862. 

( )n September 28, 1861, he was promoted lieutenant- 
colonel of staff, additional aide-de-camp, and major of 
staff, quartermaster, January 12, icS62, for fourteen years' 
continuous service as captain. 

Dining the year [862 General Ingalls had charge of 
the depots of Port Monroe, Cheeseman's Creek, York- 
town, and White House, Virginia; and transferred stores 
to Harrison's Landing via York and James Rivers, after 
General McClellan's " change of base." He was then 
appointed chief quartermaster of the Army of the Poto- 
mac, and served in this capacity until the close of the 
war, being present at the battles of South Mountain, 
Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, 
and in pursuit of the enemy to Warrenton, Virginia. He 
participated in the Mine Run operations, organized sup- 
pi)' depots on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, and 
participated in the campaigns of 1864-65, being present 
at the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold 
Harbor, and siege of Petersburg and Richmond, and 
established the great army depot at City Point, Virginia. 

He was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers May 
2T,, 1863, and at the close of the war was brevetted 
lieutenant-colonel, col'onel, and brigadier-general U. S. 
Army, for meritorious and distinguished services, and 
major-general of volunteers and U. S. Army, for faithful 
and meritorious services. 

He was promoted lieutenant-colonel and deputy-quar- 
termaster-general Jul}' 28, 1866; colonel and assistant 
quartermaster-general July 29, 1866. 

While chief quartermaster of the Army of the Potomac, 
General Ingalls displayed great executive ability in sup- 
plying that vast arm)- with stores always at the proper 
time and in the proper place. 

Upon the disbandment of that army the general re- 
mained on duty at Washington City to May 4, 1866, 
when he was ordered on special inspection duty across 
the continent to Oregon, which occupied him until the 
following December. He was then on waiting orders to 
March 31, 1867, when he was detailed as chief quarter- 
master at New York City. He served there and at 
other stations until he was appointed brigadier-general 



and quartermaster-general February 



1SS2, which 



position he continued to fill until retired from active 
service, at his own request, July I, 1883. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



213 



MAJOR JAMES JACKSON. U.S.A. 

Major James Jackson (Second Cavalry) was born 
near Deckertown, in Sussex Count}-, New Jersey, No- 
vember 21, 1833. After graduating from the Philadel- 
phia High School, he moved to the West, and was li\ ing 
in Iowa when the war 1 if the Rebellion broke out. In 
the fall of 1 861 he recruited men for the Twelfth Regi- 
ment of Iowa Volunteers, under a recruiting commission 
from Colonel William B. Allison. But in November, 
1861, he enlisted in the Twelfth U. S. Infantry, under 
Captain Newbury, of that regiment, and was placed on 
recruiting duty for the regular army. 

In August, 1862, he went " to the field," in Virginia, 
a sergeant of Company C, Second Battalion, Twelfth 
Infantry, and was engaged in the battles of Antietam 
and Fredericksburg. In April, 1863, he was com- 
missioned in the regular service as a lieutenant in the 
Twelfth Infantry, and as such took part in the battles of 
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, the Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, Peters- 
burg, Weldon Railroad, Peeble's Farm, and Hatcher's 
Run, receiving the brevets of captain ami major for 
" gallant services in battle." 

In November, 1864, the Twelfth Infantry was sent 
from the field to Elmira, New York, to recruit and guard 
Confederate prisoners. While engaged in the latter duty 
Lieutenant Jackson was detailed on regimental recruiting 
service, and on expiration of this tour he joined the 
regiment at Russell Barracks, in Washington, D. C, 
being assigned to the Third Battalion of that regiment, 
now become the Thirtieth Infantry. 

He accompanied the regiment to Nebraska in January, 
1867, and was on duty at various places in the Depart- 
ment of the Platte, protecting the builders of the Union 
Pacific Railway from hostile Indians, until the consoli- 
dation of the infantry regiments in 1S69, when, becom- 
ing an unassigned captain, the department commander, 
General C. C. Augur, placed him on duty as post quar- 
termaster at Fort Steele, to complete the construction 
of that post. 

In January, 1871, Captain Jackson was transferred to 
the First Cavalry, and joined his troop, B, at Camp 
Warner, in Oregon, changing station, soon after, to Fort 
Klamath, ( )regon, and taking command of the post. In 
November, 1872, he was sent with a portion of his troop 
to place Captain Jack's band of Modoc Indians on their 
reservation, and in endeavoring to carry out these orders 
had a fight with them on Lost River, in Oregon, which 
commenced the " Modoc War." He was engaged in all 




subsequent operations against these Indians until their 
surrender, and was recommended for the brevet of lieuten- 
ant-colonel by General Jeff. C. Davis, commanding the 
tii h ips in the field. 

During the Nez Perce war he was directed to join 
General Howard, with his troop, in Idaho. His timely 
arrival on the Clearwater, at Cottonwood Canon, with 
reinforcements for the troops engaged in fighting Joseph's 
band of Xez Perces, broke the resistance of these Indians, 
and caused the defeat and evacuation of their fortified 
position. He joined in the pursuit of these Indians as 
far as the Judith Basin, in Montana, from which point 
the cavalry troops were directed to return to their 
stations. Captain Jackson was recommended by General 
1 low aid for a brevet for his services at Clearwater and 
during the campaign. 

He was promoted major oi tin; Second Cavalry De- 
cember 28, [889, and is at present on duty at Fort Win- 
gate, New Mexico. 

Major Jackson's great-grandfather, Colonel Benjamin 
Loxley, of Philadelphia, org, mixed ami was captain of 
the " Philadelphia Light-Horse," the first cavalry troop 
raised in Pennsylvania during the Revolutionary War, 
Colonel Loxley also raised and commanded " the First 
Artillery Company" of Philadelphia, which did such 
effective work during the war for independence, and was 
a volunteer aide on General Washington's staff at Valley- 
Forge, and at other times until independence was achieved. 
He was also a lieutenant in the Pennsylvania division of 
Braddoek's arm)', and assisted in bringing off the British 
troops after General Braddoek's defeat. 



214 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY regular) 




MEDICAL DIRECTOR SAMUEL JACKSON, U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Medical Direi tor Samuel Jackson was born in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A graduate of the Uni- 
versity of that State, he was appointed assistant surgeon 
in the navy, from North Carolina, in June, [838. In 
January, [839, he received orders for sea-duty, on board 
the United States frigate " Constitution," which vessel 
went, as flag-ship of the Pacific Squadron, for a term of 
three years. In those days the cruising was mostly in 
the South Pacific, California being seldom visited by any 
ships, except those which went there lor trade, and t<> 
collect hide--, the real currency of the country, in return. 
Returning to the East from this cruise, Dr. [ackson was, 
after a short leave of absence, ordered to the " Mi^iV 
sippi," the first steam-frigate of the United States navy. 
In that vessel he served during 1S41 and a part of 1S42. 
lie was then ordered to the frigate "Congress," of the 
Mediterranean Squadron. He was afterwards detached 
upon the station, and served, in succession, in the 
" Preble," " Fairfield," and frigate " Cumberland," during 
the years 1 S43 to 1S45. 



Tlie year 1846 found him on duty at the navy-yard at 

Philadelphia ; but, the Mexican War impending, he was 
ordered to the razee "Independence," flag-ship of the 
Pacific Squadron, and served on board that ship until 
the conclusion of the peace, 1X46-49. 

In 1849-50 he was at the Philadelphia Navy- Yard, 
and then went to the receiving-ship " Franklin," at 
Boston, and thence to sea-service again in the "John 
Adams," and the " Decatur," of the Home Squadron. 

He was commissioned as surgeon in September, 1852. 
During 1854—55 he was surgeon of the rendezvous al 
New York. He then made a long cruise on the coast of 
Africa, in the sloop-of-war "St. Louis," and on his re- 
turn was stationed at the navy-yard at New York from 
1858 to [86l. 

During the early part of the Civil War he served in 
the frigates " Wabash" and " Cumberland," and partici- 
pated in the bombardment and capture of the Confeder- 
ate forts at Hatteras Inlet. Soon after he was ordered to 
the " Brooklyn," of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 
and served in her for nearly two years, on the blockade 
of Mobile and the passes, and then, under Farragut, 
made the passage of the Mississippi forts, the Chalmette 
batteries, and the other operations subsequent to the 
capture of that city. He was also present at the first 
series of operations against Yicksburg. 

In 186^-64 he was the medical officer of the Naval 
Academy, and then went to the Boston Navy- Yard, 
during 1865-66. 

In the three succeeding years he was fleet-surgeon of 
the North and South Pacific Squadrons. Upon his return 
he was, for about a year, at the Naval Hospital at Phila- 
delphia, and then went to the Naval Hospital at New 
York, where he was on duty from 1.S79 to 1882. 

He was commissioned as medical director in March, 
1 87 1. 

From 1S7 } to 1S75 he was in charge of theNaval Hos- 
pital at Norfolk, Virginia, and was thence transferred to 
the charge of the Naval Hospital at Chelsea, Massa- 
chusetts. 

He was retired, by operation of law, April, 1S79. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



215 



RF.AR-ADM1RAL THORNTON A. JENKINS. U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Rear-Admiral Thornton A.Jenkins was appointed 
midshipman from Virginia in November, 1828, and served 
five years in the West Indies, in " Natchez," " Vandalia," 
and the boat squadron in pursuit of the Cuban pirates. 
Passed No. 1, at his examination for promotion, in a class 
of eighty-two, June 2, 1834; on Coast Survey from 1834 
to 1842, having been made lieutenant in 1839; served in 
the " Congress" in the Mediterranean, and was present 
at the capture of the Buenos Ayrean squadron off Monte- 
video in September, 1844; on special service, in Europe, 
[845—46; executive-officer of" Germantown" during the 
Mexican War, anil commanded store-ship " Relief" dur- 
ing the latter part of the war. He was actively engaged 
at Tuspan and Tabasco ; Coast Survey from 1848 to 1852, 
and secretary of Light-House Board from 1853 to 1858. 
Commander, 1855 ; commanded the " Preble" in Paraguay 
Expedition and Gulf of Mexico; at San Juan d'Ulloa 
during the siege of General Miramon, and conveyed the 
prizes " Miramon" and " Marquis of Havana," with their 
crews and passengers as prisoners, to New Orleans. In 

1861 secretary of Light-House Board. Captain in July, 

1862 ; commanded " Wachusett" in the James and Poto- 
mac Rivers; senior officer present in the attacks at Cog- 
gin's Point and City- Point. In the fall of 1862 in com- 
mand of "Oneida," blockading off Mobile; was next 
appointed fleet-captain and chief of staff of Farragut's 
fleet; present at the passage of Port Hudson and fight 
with Grand Gulf batteries, Warrenton and Grand Gulf, — 
all in March, 1863 ; present at the siege ami attack upon 
Port Hudson, May, 1863; wounded on board " Monon- 
gahela" during the engagement with enemy's batteries at 
College Point, Mississippi River, being in command of 
three armed vessels engaged in convoy duty. He was in 
command of the " Richmond," and senior officer in com- 
mand of the naval forces below, at the time of the sur- 
render of Port Hudson, July 9, 1803. In command of 
division, on the Mobile blockade, from December, 1863, 
to the battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864, in which, 
and all the subsequent operations, he took part. He was 
left in command of the Mobile Bay division until Feb- 
ruary, 1865. He was then ordered to James River, and 
remained there until after Lee's surrender. 

Admiral Farragut, in his detailed report of the Mobile 
affair, says, " Before closing this report, there is one other 
officer of my squadron of whom I feel bound to speak, — 
Captain T. A. Jenkins, of the ' Richmond,' who was for- 
merly my chief of staff, not because of his having held 




that position, but because he never forgets to do his 
duty to the government, and takes now the same interest 
in the fleet as when he stood in that relation to me. He 
is also commanding officer of the Second Division of my 
squadron, and, as such, has shown ability and the most 
untiring zeal, lie carries out the spirit of one of Lord 
Collingwood's best sayings, — ' not to be afraid of doing 
too much ; those who are, seldom do as much as they 
ought.' When in Pensacola, he spent days on the bar, 
placing buoys in the best position, was always looking 
after the interests of the service, and keeping the vessels 
from being detained in port one moment more than neces- 
sary. The gallant Craven told me, only the night before 
the action in which he lost his life, ' I regret, admiral, that 
I have detained you ; but had it not been for Captain Jen- 
kins, God knows when I should have been here. When 
your order came I had not received an ounce of coal.' I 
feel that I should not be doing my duty if I did not call 
the attention of the department to an officer who has 
performed all his various duties with so much zeal and 
fidelity." 

Captain Jenkins was made commodore in 1S66, while 
chief of the Bureau of Navigation. In 1869 he became 
secretary of the Light-House Board. Rear-admiral in 
1870, he commanded the Asiatic Squadron, and was 
relieved on that station in 1873, having reached the age 
of retirement in December. 

In March, 1874, he was appointed, by the President, 
commissioner to represent the Navy Department at 
the Centennial Exhibition of 1876, at Fairmount Parle, 
Philadelphia. 






OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY {regular) 




COLONEL HORACE JEWETT. U.S.A. 

Colonej Horace Jewei r was appointed first lieuten- 
ant Fifteenth Infantry May 14, [861, and ordered on 
the regimental recruiting service at Xenia, Ohio. He 
remained on that duty about four weeks, when lie was 
transferred to Columbus, < >hio, to perform the same ser- 
vii e at Newport, Kentucky. In < (ctoberhewas ordered 
to regimental headquarters, and in November was 
ordered from there to join that portion of the regi- 
ment serving in the field in Kentucky. From No- 
vember, [861, to August, 1863, he served constantly 
with his regiment in the field, taking part in the battles 
of Shiloh, siege of Corinth, Chaplain Hills, Stone River, 
and Hoover's Gap, and also campaigns of Buell and 
Rosecrans. During the greater portion of this ser- 
vice he commanded Company "A," First Battalion. 
While his army was in camp about Cowan, Tennessee, 
he was ordered to regimental head~quarters, Fort 
Adams, Rhode Island, and detailed on recruiting 
service, stationed first at Boston, Massachusetts, and 
afterwards at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In March, 
[864, upon his own application, he was ordered to 
take a company from Fort Adams, Rhode Island, to 
oin that portion of his regiment then at Graysville, 

1 gia. lie commanded Company B, Third Battalion, 

Fifteenth Infantry, from the commencement 1 it the 
Atlanta campaign, until just before the battle of Utoy 
('reek-, participating in all the engagements in which 
his regiment took part. When his commanding 
officei received a gunshol wound, he assumed com- 
mand of the detachment, consisting of nine companies, 
First and Third Battalion, Fifteenth Infantry. In com- 
mand of this detachment he took part in the battles of 
Qtoy Creek, Jonesborough, and sundry skirmishes, and at 
the close of the campaign was ordered with it to Look- 
out Mountain, Tennessee. While mi Lookout Mountain 



a detachment of cavalry was ordered to report to him, 
and he was ordered to make an exploration of the 
mountain, with a view to the defence of the same. In 
December was again ordered to regimental head- 
quarters, Fort Adams, and reassigned to the Philadelphia 
recruiting service. January, [866, Company 1), First 
Battalion, being reorganized at Fort Adams, Rhode 
Island, he was ordered to join and take it to Mobile, 
Alabama September 1, he was detailed on the general 
recruiting service at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and 
remained until January 1868, when he rejoined his 
company in Montgomery, Alabama. In March he was 
assigned to the command of the post, embracing seven- 
teen counties of the State, with from three to six com- 
panies of infantry and cavalry to assist him in their re- 
construction, and he remained on this duty until the State 
was turned over to the civil authorities, when the regi- 
ment was ordered to Texas. 

Upon orders lor regiments to consolidate, he marched 
with his troops from Canton to Austin, and from there to 
Fort Concho, and then to Fort Seldon. In command of 
Fort Bascour, New Mexico, from October 17, [869, until 
I lecember 1 1 , 1S70. From December 19, 1870, until April 
30, 1 872, he served at Fort Union, in mi mam 1 of his com- 
pany, anil at times the post, from there he was ordered to 
Garland, Colorado, and in August [8, [876, proceeded to 
Fort Wingate, New Mexico. While stationed there, in 
the tall of 1S77, he arranged and secured the surrender 
ol Victoria, Loco, ami Nana, and three hundred and thirty 
other Warm Spring Apache Indians, who had been on 
the war-path in New Mexico and Arizona. In 1879 he 
marched across the Navajo Reservation to Farmington, 
New Mexico, and camped there a few weeks between the 
Navajo and Southern Ute Reservations. With two com- 
panies of infantry he marched from thence to Animas City, 
Colorado, and remained until tin.- winter of 1 SSo. In 
1SS1 he returned with his command to Fort Wingate, 
Nev\ Mexico; w.is there but a lew weeks, when he 
marched to Fort Cummings, New Mexico, to join a large 
body of troops that was concentrating there against the 
Apaches ; marched from there, in pursuit of the Apaches, 
to near the city of Chihuahua, Mexico, when he was 
ordered to return to the United States as soon as practi- 
cable. Having been promoted a major of the Sixteenth 
Infantry January 31, 1882, he was ordered to head- 
quarters, Department of Texas, and then to Fort Mc- 
Kavett, Texas. From there he marched to Fort Stock- 
ton, ami then to Fort Concho. Promoted lieutenant- 
colonel Third Infantry August 1. 1885, and was imme- 
diately assigned to command Fort Missoula, Montana. 
In June, 1S8S, he was ordered to Fort Snelling, Minne- 
sota, and remained there until his promotion as colonel 
of Twenty-lust Infantry, when he was given command of 
Fi n't I I ua< kiua, the present station. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



2\J 



CAPTAIN STEPHEN PERRY JOCELYN. U.S.A. 

Captain Stephen Perry Jocelvn (Twenty-first In- 
fantry) was born at Brownington, Vermont, March i. 
1843, and is directly descended, in the eighth generation, 
from Anthony Perry of the Plymouth colon}-, who, com- 
ing from Devonshire in 1638, founded in New England 
the family of his name, which, in its various branches, 
has furnished a line of soldiers and sailors alike distin- 
guished in early Indian and colonial as well as the more 
recent wars of the United States. 

Captain Jocelyn received an academic education in his 
native State, and when about to enter Dartmouth College 
was enrolled August 22, [863, at the age of twenty, in 
the Sixth Vermont Infantry. The following year he 
was commissioned first lieutenant One Hundred and 
Fifteenth United States ('..loud Infantry, and served 
against guerillas in Kentucky until December, 18(14, 
when his regiment was transferred to the Army of the 
James, where, in command of his company, he partici- 
pated in the subsequent operations in front of Rich- 
mond, being present at the fall anil occupation of that 
city, April 3, 1865. 

Upon the transfer of General Weitzel's command t.. 
Texas, in June, 1865, Lieutenant Jocelyn accompanied it 
with his regiment, being soon after appointed quartermas- 
ter of the First Brigade, Second Division of the Twenty- 
fifth Army Corps, in which capacity, with station at Indi- 
anola, Texas, he continued to serve until mustered out of 
the volunteer service, February 10, 1866. 

Arriving in Washington from Texas in April, [866, 
Lieutenant Jocelyn found awaiting him a commission of 
second lieutenant in the regular army. lie was assigned 
to the Sixth Infantry, and joining the regiment .it 
Charleston, South Carolina, attained the grade of first 
lieutenant Jul}' 28, [866, anil was promoted captain 
Twenty-first Infantry May 19, 1874. 

Beginning at Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, in 1X1.7, 
Captain Jocelyn has had a wide experience of the varied 
vicissitudes of army service on the frontier, extending 
from Montana to Texas, and from Arizona to Alaska. 
For some time in 1869-70 he was detailed to assist Gen- 
eral Hazen in the latter's duties of superintendent of 
Indian affairs for the Southern superintendency. 

The year 1871, a culminating season of Apache atro- 
cities, found Captain Jocelyn afield in Arizona, followed, 
during the years 1872-73 and '74, by service in North- 
ern California and Southern Oregon, at the posts of Fort 
Bidwell, Camp Warner, and Fort Klamath. 

Development of the gold-fields of Alaska caused 
the re-establishment of Fort Wrangel in 1K75. Cap- 
tain Jocelyn was assigned to and continued in com- 
mand of this important and isolated post for a year ami 
a half. 

Captain Jocelyn participated in the harassing and 
28 




tedious war with the Nez Perces, throughout which he 

commanded his company, being engaged in the two-days' 
fight of the Clearwater and subsequent skirmish at Kamai. 
The summer of 187S furnished another period of Indian 
hostilities, tin: recalcitrant Bannacks and Piutes being 
brought to their senses in the engagement near Umatilla 
Ageni y, in which Captain Jocelyn took- part; after which 
a leave of absence was granted Captain Jocelvn, which 
he utilized by a year of travel and study in Europe, re- 
turning to Fort Townsend, on Puget Sound, in 1880, 
which continued to be his station for the next four years. 
He was, however, detached to command the Skagit 
River Indian expedition October-November, 1880, and 
again in 1881, to conduct the reconnoissance for a mili- 
tary telegraph-line between Port Angeles and Cape Flat- 
tery, Washington Territory. 

Captain Jocelyn has given considerable attention to 
the subject of small-arms fire and drill. His company won 
the Nevada Trophy in 1882, and again the following 
year, and he was captain of Department of Columbia 
rifle-team in division contest at San Francisco, 1883. 

In 1882 General Schofield, commanding Division 
of the Pacific, used the following commendatory lan- 
guage in orders : " It is a significant fact that the 
company in this division which has this year made 
the besl average per cent. (87.42) in competition for 
the Nevada Trophy, is the one reported by the assistant 
inspector-general as by far the best instructed in the 
bayonet exercise." 

The Twenty-first Infantry having been transferred to 
the Department of the Platte in 1884, Captain Jocelyn's 
service since that year, with exception of a tour of re- 
cruiting duty, has been in Wyoming, Utah, and Nebraska, 
at the posts of Fort Fred Steele, Fort Du Chesne, Fort 
Douglas, and Fort Sidney. At the latter he is now sta- 
tioned. 



218 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NA VY (regular) 




CAPTAIN JOHN BURGESS JOHNSON, U.S.A. 

Captain John Burgess Johnson (Third Cavalry) was 
born at Rochester, Massachusetts, November 29, 1847. 
He entered the volunteer service during the war of the 
Rebellion .is second lieutenant of the Sixth U. S. Colored 
Infantry September 8, 1863, and served with the Army 
of the James in the Tenth and Eighteenth Army Corps, 
and was engaged in front of Petersburg, at the explosion 
of the mine, and action of New Market Heights, Vir- 
ginia, where he was wounded and promoted first lieu- 
tenant. He was honorably mustered out of the service 
January 20, 1865, on account of wounds received in 
action; but was reappointed and mustered to his pro- 
motion as first lieutenant February 15, 1865, and joined 
his regiment at Fort Fisher, North Carolina. He par- 
ticipated in the engagement at Cox's Bridge, North Caro- 



lina, and at the surrender of General Johnston and his 
army, acting as aide and assistant adjutant-general. He 
was honorably mustered out of the volunteer service 
September 20, 1865. 

Lieutenant Johnson entered the regular service as 
second lieutenant of the Seventh Infantry April 23, 1S66, 
and was promoted first lieutenant October 12, 1S67. He 
joined his regiment in Florida, and served as post 
adjutant at Fernandina. I Ie served there and in Georgia 
until May 19, 1867, when he became unassigned by 
reason of the consolidation of regiments. While unas- 
signed, Lieutenant Johnson was placed on reconstruc- 
tion duty in Mississippi until January 1, [87 1, when he 
was assigned to the Third Cavalry. < )n joining his regi- 
ment he served in Arizona, and was adjutant of his 
regiment from May, 1871, to April, 1878. 

The Third Cavalry having been transferred to the De- 
partment of the Platte, Lieutenant Johnson was in com- 
mand of Troop F, and participated in the capture and 
destruction of Crazy Horse Sioux village, on Powder 
River, Montana, March 17, 1876. He was promoted 
captain of the Third Cavalry April 4, [878, and was in 
command of the battalion of the Third Cavalry which 
captured Dull Knife's band of one hundred and forty- 
nine Cheyenne Indians October 24, [878, in the sand- 
hills of Northern Nebraska. 

In [881, while his troop was on duty at Fort Leaven- 
worth, Captain Johnson was instructor at the U. S. In- 
fantry and Cavalry School, which position he retained 
until 1886, when he was transferred to Texas, and was 
in command of a battalion of the Third Cavalry on the 
march from San Antonio to Brownsville. He has been 
in command of Fort Brown, Texas, since October 18, 
1 890. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



219 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL 
LEWIS JOHNSON. U.S.A. 

Captain and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis 
Johnson (Twenty-fourth Infantry) was born in Rostock, 
Germany, March 30, 1S41. He entered the volunteer 
service at the commencement of the war of the Rebel- 
lion, as private of Company E, Tenth Indiana Infantry, 
April 18, 1 86 1, and was discharged August 6, 1 861, having 
participated in McClellan's West Virginia campaign, and 
engaged in the battle of Rich Mountain. He re-entered 
the volunteer service as first lieutenant of the Tenth 
Indiana Infantry September 18, 1 861, and was promoted 
captain August 29, 1862. He participated in the battles 
and campaigns of the West, and was engaged in the 
battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky, where he was wounded. 
He was in the advance upon and siege of Corinth, Mis- 
sissippi, where he was again wounded. He then partici- 
pated in the battle of Perry ville, Kentucky; action on 
Salt Run, Kentucky; advance on Tullahoma, Tennessee; 
battle of Chickamauga, Georgia ; action at Rossville, 
Georgia ; siege of Chattanooga, Tennessee ; battle of 
Missionary Ridge, Tennessee; engagements of Tunnel 
Hill, Georgia; Rocky-Face Ridge, Georgia, and Dalton, 
Georgia, where he was captured. 

He was honorably mustered out of the Tenth Indiana 
Infantry September 15, 1864, and was appointed colonel 
of the Forty-fourth United States Colored Troops Sep- 
tember 16, 1864. He was in command of troops in the 
action on Mill Creek, Tennessee, December 2 and 3, 
1864, and commanded his regiment in the battles of 
Nashville, Tennessee (where he was wounded), and suc- 
ceeding pursuit of Hood's routed arm)'. He occupied 
various positions on the staff of brigade, division, and 
corps commanders, — on the staff of Brigadier-General J. 
M. Brannan, at Chickamauga, and Brigadier-General A. 
Baird, at Missionary Ridge. He was in command of 
the First Colored Brigade, Army of the Cumberland, 
Second Brigade, District of East Tennessee, District of 
Northern Alabama, and District and Post of Huntsville, 
Alabama. He commanded the Exchange Barracks, 
Nashville, Tennessee, when mustered out of the volun- 
teer service. 

Colonel Johnson had the following brevets conferred 
upon him: captain March 13, 1862, for "gallant and 
meritorious services in the battle of Mill Springs, Ken- 




tucky;" major March 22, 1867, for " gallant and meri- 
torious services in the siege of Corinth, Mississippi;" 
and lieutenant-colonel for " gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices in the battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee." 
He was also brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers 
March 13, 1865, for "gallant and meritorious services 
during the war." 

Colonel Johnson entered the regular service as first 
lieutenant of the Forty-first United States Infantry July 
28, 1866, was promoted captain December 12, 1867, and, 
on the consolidation of regiments, was transferred to the 
Twenty -fourth Infantry November 11, 1869. He was 
on regimental recruiting service in Alabama, Tennessee, 
Ohio, and Michigan, from 1866 to 1868, and then served 
with his regiment on frontier duty in Texas from 1868 
to 1880, at which time his regiment was transferred to 
the Indian Territory, where the colonel was stationed 
until 1883, when he was detailed on general recruiting 
service in St. Louis and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. In 
1885 he rejoined his regiment in the Indian Territory, 
and commanded a battalion of the Twenty-fourth Infantry 
during the transfer of the regiment to Arizona, in 1888. 
He commanded the post of San Carlos, Arizona, from 
May, 1889, to October, 1891, when he was appointed 
Indian agent of the White Mountain (Apache) Indian 
Reservation at the San Carlos Agency, on which duty 
he is at the present time. 



220 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CHIEF ENGINEER DAVID 



•S |0NES, U.N.N. 



Chief Engineer David Phillips Jones was bom in 
Philadelphia in 1841, and was educated at the Central 
High School of that city when the celebrated scholar 
and educator, Professor fohn S. Hart, was at its head. 

In 1858, when but a youth, he was appointed one of 
the principal examiners of the Utah Surveys. The duty 
of the examiners was to test the accuracy of the surveys 
of the public lands in that Territory. After the comple- 
tion of this work he was appointed resident engineer of 
the surveyor-general's office. 

At the breaking out of the Civil War lie returned 
East, and in [862 entered the navy as assistant engineer, 
and was ordered to duty on the gun-boat " Cimmerone." 
This vessel was attached to the James River fleet, and 
afterwards was assigned to Admiral Wilkes's Flying 
Squadron, and thence transferred to Admiral Dupont's 
fleet, where' she participated in various engagements on 
the St. John's River, Florida. 

1 lis next service was on the iron-clad " Sangamon." 
This was the vessel that received the Confederate com 
missioners, Stephens and Campbell, upon their memorable 
mission to secure an interview with President Lincoln. 

The arduous duties and close confinement on the iron- 
1 lad undermined Engineer Jones's health, and he was con- 
demned by nn die. il survey and detached. 

In a short time he again reported for duty and was 
ordered to the " Mendota." The " Mendota" was at- 
tached to the James River fleet, anil partii ipated in many 
actions on thai river preceding the fall of Richmond. 

While this vessel was stationed at Hampton Roads, 
Engineer Jones was detailed to carry the despatches 
from Admiral Porter informing General Grant of the 
capture ol Fort Fisher. Army head-quarters weir at 
that time at City Point. The dangerous journey was 



111. ule at night, and the despatches safely delivered to 
General Grant in the early morning. For this service 
he was highly complimented by his commanding officer. 

J lis next duty was on the flag-ship " Powhatan," on 
the South Pacific. While on this vessel he witnessed 
the bombardment of Valparaiso and Callao by the Span- 
iards in [866. After leaving the "Powhatan" he was 
attached to the " Gettysburg" and " Michigan," and to 
the Portsmouth Navy- Yard. He was stationed at the lat- 
ter place when Admiral Farragut died there, and was one 
of the officers' guard-of-honor selected to watch over the 
remains. He was afterwards on duty in the Bureau of 
Steam-Engineering, and was thence assigned to the 
Naval Academy, where he aided in perfecting the system 
of mechanical drawing and machine design for the cadel 
engineers. lie was retained on this duty for five years, 
which was the best comment upon his usefulness. 

Beside the duties enumerated, Engineer Jones has been 
attached to various vessels and stations, and also as pro- 
i' sor of mechanical engineering at the Kansas Normal 
College. While upon extended leave he became the en- 
gineer of the St. Louis and Southeastern Railway, and 
designed and built the great railway transfers at Evans- 
ville, Indian. 1, and Henderson, Kentucky. 

< »f his ability and the esteem in which he is held, 
Commander, now Rear-Admiral, John Irwin, wrote, 
" With his professional ability and scholarly attainments, 
I consider him one of the most accomplished officers in 
the service." The lamented Captain Shoonmaker, in 
a special report to the Navy Department, says, "This 
method of repairing the defect in the machinery (of the 
' Nipsic') was the design of Passed Assistant Engineer 
Jones, and is very creditable to the designer, showing- 
knowledge, skill, and ingenuity." 

Chief Engineer Jones is a member of many prominent 
scientific societies, and has a broad and comprehensive 
grasp of engineering subjects. I Ie has always been iden- 
tified with the progressive element of the Naval Engi- 
neer Corps, anil has never failed to retain the confidence 
and esteem of the engineers-in-chief. The law authorizing 
the detail of naval engineer officers as instructors in 
technical schools was his conception. 

As a writer he has contributed much to establish the im- 
portance and define the responsibilities of his corps, while 
hi-, official reports upon professional topics are regarded 
as models. He is also the author of many well-known 
navy songs. He has considerable reputation as a public 
speaker. His witty and eloquent responses to the toast 
of "The Navy," at the inaugural banquet given to Gov- 
ernor Davis, of Rhode Island, in 1890, and at the thir- 
tieth anniversary of the Rhode Island Artillery at New- 
port in [891, will long be remembered. 

Chief Engineer Jones's present duty is at the Naval 
Training Station, Newport, Rhode Island. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



22 I 



MEDICAL INSPECTOR WILLIAM H. JONES, U.S.N. 

Medical Inspector William H. Jones was born in 
Northampton Count) - , Pennsylvania, December 15, 

1 840. 

I te was appointed acting assistant surgeon in the U. S. 
Navy in April, [863, and ordered on duty at the Naval 
Hospital, Norfolk, Virginia. 

He was appointed assistant surgeon August 12, [863. 

Served on U. S. S. " Pensacola," West Gulf Block- 
ading Squadron, [863-64. 

U. S. S. " Marblehead" (practice cruise), 1864. 

U. S. Naval Academy, practice ships, 1S64. 

U. S. ram " Tennessee," West Gulf Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1864-65. 

LI. S. Naval Hospital, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1X65. 

U. S. Naval Hospital, Pensacola, Florida, [865-66. 

U. S. S. "W. G. Anderson," West Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, 1866. 

Navy-yard, Washington, D. C, 1866-67. 

lie was promoted to passed assistant surgeon Decem- 
ber 24, 1866. 

U. S. S. " Maumee," Asiatic Squadron, 1867-69. 

Navy-yard, Washington, D. C, 1870-71. 

U. S. S. "Jamestown," South Pacific Station, 1S71. 

U. S. S. " Saranac," North Pacific Station, 1871. 

U. S. S. " Pensacola," Pacific fleet, 1871-73. 

U. S. S. " Portsmouth," survey of the Pacific, 1873-75. 

He was commissioned as surgeon in July, 1873. 

U. S. training-ship " Portsmouth," San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, 1875. 

U. S. receiving-ship "Potomac," Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, from December, 1875, to 1877; then transferred 
to U. S. S. " Constitution," at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
in 1877. 




U. S. S. "Constitution," European Station, 1878-79. 

U. S. Naval Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, 1879-80. 

U. S. S. " Michigan," on the Lakes, 1881. 

U. S. S. " Franklin," Norfolk, Virginia, 18S1. 

U. S. S. "Wachusett," Pacific Station, 18S1-S5. 

U. S. Navy- Yard, League Island, Pennsylvania, 1885- 
88. 

U. S. S. " Pensacola,' 

U. S. S. "Richmond, 

U. S. S. " Pensacola,' 
1888-89. 

U. S. S. "Swatara," Asiatic Station, 189O-91. 

U. S. Navy- Yard, League Island, Pennsylvania, 1891- 
92. 

Surgeon Jones was promoted to medical inspector in 
November, 1891. 



New York Navy-Yard, 1888. 
New York Navy- Yard, 1888. 
navy-yard, Norfolk, Virginia, 



:j2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NA VY (regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL JAMES E. JOUETT, U.S.N. 
(retired). 
Rear-Admiral James E. Jouett was burn in Ken- 
tucky in 1828, and appointed midshipman from that 
State in [841. His first service was in the West Indies 
and Home Squadron on the razee " Independence," and 
he next served on the coast of Africa in the " Deca- 
tur;" engaged in the Berriby War. Passed midshipman 
in 1S47. During the Mexican War he served in the 
Gulf Squadron in most of the operations incident t<> 
the war, so far as the east coast was concerned. He 
occupied Point Isabel with sailors from the squadron 
for some time. Master September, 1 S 5 5 , and lieutenant 
the same month. Landed with detachment at Panama 
to keep transit open anil protect Americans. In 1857 
went out in the "Chapin," a chartered vessel, on the 
Paraguay Expedition. Upon his return he was ordered 
to the "Crusader," employed on special- service in sup- 
pressing the slave-trade in Cuban waters. The " Cru- 
sader" captured three slavers. In 1 S61 , while at Pcnsa- 
( ola, awaiting the return of the "Crusader," the navy- 
yard was captured by the Confederate forces, and Jouett 
was placed on parole. After exchange he was ordered 
to the frigate " Santee," on blockade of Galveston, Texas. 
Here he commanded the party which cut out the "Royal 
Yacht," being severely wounded. Captain Eagle, com- 
manding the "Santee," in his official report, says : " It is 
with pleasure that I would call tin: attention of the De- 
partment to the gallantry of Lieutenant Jouett. I le was 
seriously wounded in the arm and side at the commence- 
ment of the contest. Although suffering from wounds 
and loss of blood, he showed great firmness throughout, 
and after setting fire to the vessel he was three hours in 
the launch pulling for the ship, and had the care of 
twelve prisoners and six of his wounded men. I can, 
with confidence, recommend him for a command of any 



vessel in the service suitable to his rank, although I 
should much regret his detachment from this ship, as he 
is a very efficient officer." 

lie was made lieutenant-commander August, 1862, 
and ordered to command the " Cuyler," off Mobile. He 
captured four blockade-runners while on this duty. He 
was soon ordered to the command of the " Metacomet." 
In this command his vessel was lashed alongside ofFar- 
ragut's flag-ship at the battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 
[864. After passing Port Morgan and the torpedoes, 
the rebel gun-boats inside the bay began to rake the 
flag-ship. Farragut ordered the " Metacomet" to cast 
off and go in pursuit. Jouett promptly pursued, and, 
after a desperate conflict, captured the Confederate war- 
steamer " Selma," and also rendered other gallant service 
during that fight, of which Farragut reported : " Lieu- 
tenant-Commander Jouett's promptness and coolness 
throughout the fight merited high praise, received his 
warmest commendation, and was worth}' of his reputa- 
tion." For this occasion, the board, of which Farragut 
was president, in 1865 recommended Jouett to be pro- 
moted thirty numbers. This advancement was not made. 
T/ic zvar was over. 

During the action in Mobile Pay, it is related by 
Commodore Parker, the " Metacomet" ran into less water 
than she drew in pursuit of the rebel gun-boats. When 
this happened, Jouett called in the leadsman from the 
chains, saying, "The admiral has directed me to follow 
these gun-boats, and I am going to do it!" Fortunately, 
the " Metacomet" only stirred up the mud, and accom- 
plished her mission. Had it been otherwise, they might 
have tinned upon her, as they drew less water. 

In July, lSf>6, he was commissioned as commander, 
and for two years commanded the " Michigan," on the 
Lakes. In January, 1S74, he was commissioned as cap- 
tain. From June, 1880, to January, 1883, he had com- 
mand of the Port Royal Naval Station. Commissioned 
commodore January 11, 1883. Ordered to command 
North Atlantic Squadron as acting rear-admiral in Sep- 
tember, 1S84. He commanded the squadron for two 
years, and during that time, " by his prompt, firm, and 
judicious course in the spring of 1885, dining the rebel- 
lion on the Isthmus of Panama, restored order, re- 
established transit, prevented great destruction of prop- 
erty and loss of life, and was instrumental in bringing 
about the surrender of the insurgent forces in the United 
States of Colombia, and reflected credit on the L nitecl 
States of America." 

In June, 1SS0, he was detached and ordered as presi- 
dent of the Board of Inspection and Survey, and chief of 
Admiral Porter's staff, having been commissioned as rear- 
admiral from February 19, 1886. 

He was retired from active service by operation of law 
in February, 1890. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



223 



CAPTAIN ALBERT KAUTZ. U.S.N. 

Captain Albert Kautz was born in Ohio January 29, 
1839. Appointed acting midshipman September, 1854. 
Graduated at Naval Academy, Annapolis, June II, 1858. 
Served in several vessels of the Home Squadron, and in 
January, 1861, was promoted to passed midshipman ; 
in the February following to master, and in April to 
lieutenant. This rapid promotion was due to the man;' 
vacancies in the navy-list caused by the imminence of 
the Civil War. Served in the steamer " Flag," North 
Atlantic Squadron. In June, 1861, placed in command 
of prize-brig "Hannah Balch," off Charleston, South 
Carolina, with orders to proceed to Philadelphia; and on 
June 25 was captured, in sight of Cape Hatteras, by the 
privateer " Winslow," Captain Thomas M. Crossan. 
Lieutenant Kautz was on parole in North Carolina for 
two months, at the und of which time the parole was 
revoked and he was incarcerated in Henrico County Jail, 
Richmond, Virginia, by order of Jefferson L.ivis, as a 
retaliatory measure consequent on the imprisonment of 
privateers in the Tombs, at New York. On the last day 
of October, 1861, Lieutenant Kautz was released on 
parole for the purpose of going to Washington to pro- 
cure an exchange. He had an interview with the Con- 
federate Secretaries Benjamin and Mallory before he left 
Richmond, and then with President Lincoln and Secre- 
taries Seward and Welles, in Washington. 1 le succeeded 
in negotiating an exchange, by means of which Lieuten- 
ant (the present admiral) Worden, the late Lieutenant 
George L. Selden, and himself were released from prison 
and restored to duty, on condition that Lieutenants 
Stevens, Loyall, and Butt should be sent South under 
flag of truce. There were also three hundred and fifty 
prisoners, captured at Hatteras Inlet in August, 1 861 , 
sent South under the same negotiation, for which were 
received three hundred and fifty of the Bull Run prison- 
ers, captured in July, 1861. 

This was the first exchange of prisoners authorized by 
President Lincoln and his Cabinet, and marks a distinct 
phase in the conduct of the war. 

In January, 1S62, Lieutenant Kautz was ordered to 
the " Hartford," Admiral Farragut's flag-ship, and served 
upon his staff; but commanded the first division of 
great guns in the engagements with Forts Jackson and 
St. Philip, the Chalmette batteries, and the capture of 
New Orleans, in April, 1862. He had command of the 
howitzers, under Captain Henry Bell, at New Orleans, 
and hauled down the " Lone-Star" flag in person from 
the City Hall. This was the flag which the mayor re- 




fused to strike. He then hoisted the Stars anil Stripes 
on the Custom-House. (The hauling down of the 
" Lone-Star" flag has been erroneously attributed to 
Captain Bell in some accounts of those exciting times.) 
Lieutenant Kautz continued to serve in the "Hart- 
ford" during the engagements with the batteries at Vicks- 
burg in June and July, 1862. In August he was seized 
by malarial fever, condemned by medical survey, and sent 
North. His next service was on board the steam-sloop 
"Juniata," of the West India Squadron, in 1863 ; and in 
1S64-65 he served as first lieutenant of the sloop-of-war 
" Cyane" in the Pacific. Promoted lieutenant-commander 
in May, 1865. Served in the " Winooski," of the Home 
Squadron, and flag-ship " Pensacola," of the Pacific 
Squadron, up to August, 1868. Then on board the 
receiving-ship at Norfolk, and at the navy-yard, Boston, 
up to August, 1 87 1, at which time he was appointed 
inspector of light-houses, with head-quarters at Key 
West, Florida. During his service in this capacity he 
was promoted to commander September 3, 1872. Com- 
manded the " Monocacy," on the Asiatic Station, from 
1872 to 1873. Light-house inspector, with station at 
Cincinnati, from January, 1876, to Jul}', 1880. Com- 
manded the steamer " Michigan," on the Lakes, from 
August, 1880, to August, 1883. In 1884 Commander 
Kautz was on duty in the Bureau of Equipment, Navy 
Department. Equipment officer, Boston, 1884-S7. Pro- 
moted captain June 2, 1885, and on duty at navy-yard, 
Portsmouth, since June, 1890. Captain Kautz has had 
command of the U. S. S. " Pensacola," cruising in the 
Atlantic, and then in the Pacific Ocean. 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY secular) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL AUGUST VALENTINE KAUTZ. 
U.S.A. (retired). 

Brigadier-General August Valentine Kautz was 
born in the Grand Duchy of Baden on the 5th of Jan- 
uary, [828. I lis parents emigrated the same year, and in 
[834 settled in Brown County, Ohio. In a company of 
v 1 mng men from Georgetown, he went to the Mexican War 
as a volunteer in the First Ohio, which served on the 
Northern campaign under General Taylor. He partici- 
pated in tiie battle of Monterey, and upon his discharge he 
was appointed a cadet at the Military Academy, graduating 
in 1852, and assigned second lieutenant of the Fourth 
U. S. Infantry, lie joined his regiment in Oregon soon 
alter graduation, and served in Oregon and Washington 
Territory until the Civil War. He participated in the 
Rogue River Wars, 1853 and [855, and was wounded in 
the latter, and again wounded in the spring of 1X56, in 
the Indian War mi Puget Sound, for which action he was 
commended for gallantry in general orders No. 14. from 
the head-quarters of the army, dated November 13, 1857, 
by General Scott. Promoted first lieutenant in 1854. 

He was appointed captain Sixth U. S. Cavalry in 1861, 
and served with the regiment from its organization 
through the Peninsula campaign of [862, and com- 
manded the regiment during the seven days, and up to 
South Mountain, September 10, when appointed colonel 
Second ( >hio Cavalry, and joined the regiment in Kansas. 

I lis regiment was subsequently ordered to Camp Chase, 
Ohio, and Colonel Kautz commanded that post from De- 
cember, [862, to April, i.xr>3. Early in April, [863, he- 
took the Held with his regiment, and served in Kentucky, 
his regiment forming a part of General Carter's Division. 
He participated in a number of engagements until the 
Morgan raid, which he joined from the Cumberland 
River to Portland, Ohio. His judicious attack on Mor- 
gan's rear early in the morning with simply the advance 



of Hobson's force, which was fifteen miles in the rear, 
prevented Morgan from recrossing the Ohio, and led to 
the capture on that day ami the day following. 

Upon the organization of the Twenty-third Corps for 
the campaign into East Tennessee, Colonel Kautz was 
assigned as chief of cavalry of the corps, and served in 
that capacity to the capture of Knoxville, and through 
the subsequent siege by the rebel forces. 

In the spring of 1864 Colonel Kautz took the field, 
having been appointed brigadier-general, and assigned 
to the command of the cavalry division of the Army of 
the James. This command was an independent command 
under General Butler, and was used to cut the railroads 
south of Richmond and Petersburg while Bermuda Hun- 
dred was being occupied. He served alternately with the 
Ai ni)- of the James and the Army of the Potomac through- 
out the year 1X64. He entered Petersburg with his small 
cavalry command on the 9th of June. 1X64, and had he 
been properly supported by the infantry it might have 
been held, and the long siege that followed have been 
avoided. He led the advance of the Wilson raid, which 
cut the roads leading into Richmond from the south for 
more than forty days. 

During the winter of 1864—65 he held and picketed 
the right flank of the Army of the James with his 
cavalry command. When the dispositions were made for 
the final campaign in the last days of March, 1865, General 
Kautz was assigned to the First Division, Twenty-fifth 
Army Corps, as brevet major-general, and he marched 
his division of colored troops into Richmond on the 3d of 
April. Soon after the death of Mr. Lincoln he was 
detailed as a member of the Military Commission for the 
trial of the conspirators implicated in the assassination. 

When the army was reorganized, in iXf)f>, General 
Kautz was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Thirty- 
fourth Infantry. He served with his regiment in Missis- 
sippi on reconstruction duty, and in 1869, on the reduc- 
tion of the army, was assigned lieutenant-colonel of the 
Fifteenth Infantry, and commanded the regiment for sev- 
eral years on the New Mexican frontier. 

In June, 1874, General Kautz was promoted colonel of 
the Eighth Infantry, and joined his regiment in Arizona. 
In March, 1875, he was placed in command of the Depart- 
ment of Arizona, and relieved General Crook. General 
Kautz was brevetted major-general in the volunteers as 
well as the regular service. 

General Kautz, as colonel of the Eighth Infantry, com- 
manded the post of Fort Niobrara, Nebraska, from De- 
cember, 1XX6, to December, 1890, when he was appointed 
the president of the Magazine-Gun Board. On the 20th 
o| April, 1891, he was appointed brigadier-general, and 
assigned to the command of the Department of the Col- 
umbia. He commanded the department until the 5th of 
January, 1892, when he was retired in accordance with. law. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



22 C 



MAJOR E. R. KELLOGG, U.S.A. 

Major E. R. Kellogg (Kighth Infantry) was born at 
Newfield, Tompkins County, New York, March 25, 
1842. He began the study of law early in April, 1861, 
at Norwalk, Ohio, but enlisted (in what afterwards be- 
came Company "A," Twenty-fourth Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry), April 15, 1 86 1, at Norwalk. He was mustered 
to date from April 22, 1S61. He was a private, corporal, 
and sergeant in this company, and was made sergeant- 
major of the regiment in June, [861, and second lieuten- 
ant July 8, 1 86 1. (He has his commission to prove this. 
It has been twice sent to the War Department, but the 
officials there refused to correct the Army Register, 
because the muster-roll of Company " A," Twenty-fourth 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry, gives his commission a differ- 
ent date.) Lieutenant Kellogg served in West Virginia 
from July until October, 1861, and was in action at 
Greenbrier River in September of that year. He re- 
signed October 28, 1861, and enlisted in Company " 1!," 
First Battalion Sixteenth L T . S. Infantry, November 29, 
1 861, and immediately joined the Army of the Ohio, in 
Kentucky. He was appointed a sergeant of Company 
" B," Sixteenth Infantry, on the day following his enlist- 
ment ; was made sergeant-major about a week later, and 
was soon recommended for a commission; but this 
recommendation was lost in the adjutant-general's office 
before it was acted upon. He was again recommended 
immediately after the battle of Shiloh, in which he 
participated with his battalion, and was commissioned a 
second lieutenant in the Sixteenth Infantry from that 
date, April 7, 1862. He was promoted to first lieutenant 
May 3, 1S62, and to captain February 16, 1S65. 

He served constantly with his regiment in the field in 
Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia, 
until the close of the Atlanta campaign, in [864; was in 
the battle of Shiloh, actions before Corinth, Mississippi, 
and at Dog Walk, Kentucky ; battle of Murfreesborough, 
or Stone River, Tennessee; combat at Hoover's Gap, 
Tennessee; at Rocky Lace and Buzzard Roost. Georgia, 
in February, 1864; again in the Atlanta campaign, at 
Rocky Face and Buzzard Roost, Resaca, New Hope 
Church, Kenesaw Mountain, Neal Dow Station, Peach- 
Tree Creek, Utoy Creek, Atlanta, and Jonesborough, 
Georgia, in which last battle, September 1, 1864, he- 
commanded the two left companies of his regiment, and 
was dangerously wounded by a musket-ball through his 
right hip. In the charge at Jonesborough his regiment was 
checked by the enemy's fire when near his works, but 
Lieutenant Kellogg took his two companies forward, 
drove the enemy from the intrenchments in his front, 
and, although enfiladed and wounded by his fire, held 
the position until the rest of his regiment joined him. 

In January, 1866, he took command of a company 
of his regiment at Madison Barracks, Sackett's Harbor, 
29 




New York. From there he went to Nashville, and then 
to Memphis, Tennessee. He was transferred to the 
Twenty-fifth Infantry September 25, 1866, and was on 
general recruiting service in Toledo, Ohio, about one 
year, in 1S66-07, and then was stationed at Paducah, Ken- 
tucky, from January, [868, until April, 1869, when he 
went to Atlanta, Georgia, with his regiment, and was 
there transferred to the Eighteenth Infantry, in which he 
served until December 26, 1888. He served at various . 
places in the Southern States from April, 1 869, until April, 
1 S79. 1 le commanded the post of Chattanooga, Tennes- 
see, from Jul}', 1S77, until April 1879, when he went to 
Montana. He served at Fort Assinaboine from May, 1879, 
until May, 1885, and was in the field from July until Octo- 
ber, in 1S82, in command of three companies of the Eigh- 
teenth Infantry and three troops of the Second Cavalry. 

He was stationed at Fort Hays, Kansas, from June, 
1885, until September, 1S87, when he was detailed on 
general recruiting service at Cleveland, Ohio. He was 
promoted major of the Eighth Infantry December 26, 
1 SSS, Nebraska, in April, 1 889 ; serving at Fort Robinson, 
Nebraska, from April, [889, until September, 1890, when 
he went to Fort Washakie, Wyoming, which post he 
commanded until December, 1891, when he was ordered 
to Fort McKinney, Wyoming. 

Major Kellogg was acting assistant adjutant-general 
to Lieutenant-Colonel J. V. Bomford, Sixteenth Infan- 
try, for a few weeks in 1862, while he commanded the 
Fifteenth, Sixteenth, and Nineteenth Regiments U. S. 
Infantry, in Buell's army, and was battalion quarter- 
master from January until March or April, 1864. 

He was brevetted captain for " gallant and meritorious 
services in the battle of Murfreesborough, Tennessee," 
and major for " gallant and meritorious services in the 
Atlanta campaign, and in the battle of Jonesborough, 
Georgia." 



226 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular-) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL J< >HN C. KELTON, U.S.A. 

Brigadier- General John C. Kelton (adjutant-gen- 
eral) was born in Pennsylvania June 24, [828, and grad- 
uated at the Military Academy July 1, 1851. He was 
promoted brevet second lieutenant of the Sixth Infantry 
the same day, second lieutenant December 31, i85l,and 
first lieutenant May 9, 1855. I Ie served at Fort Snelling, 
Minnesota, from September 29, 1 85 1 , to November 15, 
1852 ; at Traverse de Sioux, Minnesota, to December 4, 
1S52 ; at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, to April 26, 1853 ; at 
Fort Ridgely, Minnesota, to July 26, 1854; on an ex- 
ploring expedition to August 21, 1854; at Fort Ridgely, 
Minnesota, to September 30, 1854; at Jefferson Barracks, 
Missouri, to November 4, 1 S 5 4 ; on recruiting service to 
December 1, 1854; at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, to 
April 16, 1855 ; at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to June 9, 
1855 ; on the march to and at Fort Laramie, Nebraska, to 
November 21, 1S56; at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to 
January 3, 1857. He was then detailed at the U. S. Mili- 
tary Academy, as assistant instructor of infantry tactics, 
from March 6, [857, to February 28, 1858, and as in- 
structor in the use of small-arms and military gymnastics, 
etc., to April 24, 1861, having been on leave from June 
15, 1859, tn April 24, 1861. 

He was appointed brevet captain and assistant adjutant- 
general May 1 1, 181. 1, and captain and assistant adjutant- 



general August 3, 1861. He was also appointed colonel 
of the Ninth Missouri Infantry September 19, 1861, which 
he held until March 1, 1862, having been appointed colonel 
and additional aide-de-camp January 4, 1862, which posi- 
tion he held until May 31, 1866. 

At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion 
General Kelton was detailed as purchasing commissary 
of subsistence at St. Louis, Missouri, from May 11 to 
August 5, 1861, and assistant adjutant-general of the 
Department of the West from June 13 to September 19, 
[861. lie was in command of a brigade in military 
operations in Missouri from September 21 to November 
21, [861. He was then placed on duty as assistant adju- 
tant-general of the Department of the Missouri from 
November 24, 1861, to March 1 1, 1 862, and of the Depart- 
ment of the Mississippi from March 1 1, 1862, to July 1 1, 
[862, participating in the advance upon and siege and 
occupation of Corinth, Mississippi, April 19 to Jul)' 17, 
1862. Then he was assistant adjutant-general on the staff 
of Major-General Halleck, while general-in-chief of the 
armies of the United States, from July 1 1, 1862, to March 
12, [864, while chief of staff to the army, March 12, 18(4, 
to April [9, 1865, and while at Richmond, Virginia, com- 
manding the Military Division of the James, April 22 to 
Jul)' 1, 1865. 

lie was promoted major and assistant adjutant-general 
Julv 17, 1862, and was brevettcd lieutenant-colonel and 
colonel March 13, 1865, "fur most valuable and arduous 
services both in the held and at head-quarters," and 
brigadier-general March 13, 1865, "for valuable and 
arduous services during the war, both in the field and at 
head-quarters." 

After the war closed, General Kelton was on duty in the 
adjutant-general's office at Washington, D. C., from July 
<>, 1865, to February 10, 1870; on special service in Eu- 
rope to Julv 21, 1871); assistant adjutant-general of the 
1 >iv ision of the Pacific from August 3, 1 870, to September 
>< >, 1 885 ; on duty in the adjutant-general's office at Wash- 
ington, 1). C, from October 13, 1885, to June 7, 1889; 
and adjutant-general of the army since that date. 

He was promoted lieutenant-colonel and assistant 
adjutant-general March 2^, 1866, and colonel and assist- 
ant adjutant-general June 15, 1880. On June 7, 1889, 
he was appointed brigadier-general and adjutant-general 
of the army, which position he now occupies. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



227 



CAPTAIN FREDERIC A. KENDALL. U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain Frederic A. Kendall was born in New 
Hampshire August 28, 1838. He graduated from Bow- 
doin College, Maine, in i860; degree of MA. conferred 
by same college in 1868. 

He entered the volunteer service early in the war of 
the Rebellion as private of Company B, Eleventh Indiana 
Infantry, June iS, 1861 ; was transferred to Company I, 
First New Hampshire Infantry, July 23, 1861, and was 
discharged August 9, 1 86 1. He was appointed second 
lieutenant of the Fourth New Hampshire Infantry Sep- 
tember 18, 1861 ; promoted first lieutenant November 2, 
1862, and captain September 27, 1864. 

He took part in the Port Royal expedition, and was in 
the Department of the South to April, 1864, participating 
in the operations against Forts Sumter and Wagner, and 
in the expedition to Florida in January, 1864, and was 
engaged in the action at Pocotaligo, South Carolina. Lie 
was then transferred to the Army of the James, and was 
engaged in the actions of Bermuda Hundred, Drury's 
Bluff, Cold Harbor, Mine Explosion, and battle of Fus- 
sel's Mills, Virginia; he was also engaged at the capture 
of Fort Harrison, and in the operations terminating in 
the surrender of General Lee. I le was on duty as assist- 
ant commissary of musters of the Third Division, Tenth 
Army Corps, from September, 1864, and on mustering 
duty at Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia, until August 
17, 1S65, when he resigned his volunteer commission to 
accept commission as captain. 

Captain Kendall again entered the volunteer service as 
captain of the Eighth U. S. Colored Troops ( Ictober 9, 
1865, and was ordered to duty in Texas, where he served 
as assistant commissary of musters of the district of the 
Rio Grande until mustered out, February 10, 1866. 
He then entered the regular service July 28, 1S66, as 
second lieutenant of the Fortieth Infantry, and served in 
Texas as acting assistant U. S. marshal of Western Texas 
until 1870. 

After entering the regular service Lieutenant Kendall 
was, on March 2, 1867, brevetted first lieutenant and cap- 
tain U. S. Army " for gallant and meritorious services at 




Fort Harrison, Virginia." He was promoted first lieu- 
tenant Jul}' 31, 1867; transferred to the Twenty-fifth 
Infantry April 20, 1869, and promoted captain March 22, 
1879. U e remained on duty with his regiment until 
[874, when he was detailed on the recruiting service, 
being relieved from that duty in < Jctober, 1876. He was 
then detailed on college duty in Ohio, and while on that 
duty was assigned to duty by the Governor of Ohio in 
connection with the National Guard, being appointed 
special aide-de-camp, with the rank of colonel in the 
State militia, by Governors Young and Bishop, — in all 
three years. 

Captain Kendall was relieved from duty in 1879, and 
was retired horn active service December 4, 1884, for 
disability in the line of duty. 

In February, 1886, appointed general agent of the 
Penn Mutual Life Insurance Company of Philadelphia 
for Northern Ohio, with head-quarters at Cleveland, 
which position he still occupies. 

In 18S7 was elected first president of the Cleveland 
Life Underwriters' Association, and was re-elected for a 
second term in 1890. 

In 1S90 elected a vice-president of the National Life 
Underwriters' Association at Boston. 



228 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR WM. B. KENNEDY, U.S.A. 

Major Wm. I>. Kennedy (Fourth Cavalry) was born 
in Ireland, August 12, 1834, and brought to the United 
States in 1841. He entered the volunteer service March 
3, 1863, as first lieutenant of Company I, First California 
Cavalry, and was promoted captain of the same company 
June 26, [863. He was first ordered to duty at Benicia 
Barracks, California, December 10, 1863, and remained 
on duty at that station, under Colonel II. M. Black, then 
colonel of the Sixth California Infantry, to March 10, 
1864, when he was ordered to proceed to the Department 
of Arizona. After a delay at Fort Yuma of about three 
weeks, he arrived at Tucson, Arizona Territory, May 4, 
1S64. lie was then ordered to take station at El Riven- 
ton, where he remained until fune 24,' and was then 
transferred to Titbar, Arizona Territory. 

On the 10th of July, 1864, Captain Kennedy was de- 
tached from his company and ordered to conduct a supply 
train, with a guard of twenty cavalrymen and five infan- 
trymen, lie conducted this train of forty wagons, from 
Tucson, Arizona Territory, to fort Goodwin, Arizona 
Territory, through a country almost unknown, and 
seemingly unsuited fir wagon travel ; the march was 
toilsome and dangerous, owing to unbroken roadways, 
July heat, presence in close proximity of large forces of 
Cayotan Apaches. On this trip he found and named 
Eureka Spring, which name it bears to this date and 
possibly for all time. He reached Goodwin about July 



20, 18C4, when the wisdom and provision of the then 
post commander saved his command anil animals from 
exhaustion from heat and thirst, by causing a water- 
wagon, with a large force of mules attached thereto, to 
be dragged through the sand some six miles, where his 
command was halted, the tired men and animals getting 
a share of the life-giving fluid. This was not war, but 
was hard, dangerous work at the time. On his return 
to Tucson and station at Frebace he was ordered, on or 
about August 4, 1 864, to proceed to Fort Goodwin with his 
company and there take station, where he was in com- 
mand from June, 1865, to November 1, 1865, when or- 
dered to Fort McDowell, Arizona Territory, then in 
course of construction. He was at this point to March 
31, 1866, when he marched to California, and was mus- 
tered out with his company at the Presidio of San 
Francisco, May 22, 1866. There is no records of wars 
or fights during this time, but unadulterated work of 
scouting and marching after the nomad, where a possible 
show was given for his pursuit or punishment. 

< )n the 22d of January, 1867, Captain Kennedy was 
appointed first lieutenant of the Tenth United States 
Cavalry, and promoted captain June 7, 1870. He or- 
ganized Troop G at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and was 
ordered with the troop to guard the grading parties of 
the Kansas Pacific Railway, then in course of construc- 
tion, and while thus engaged his command was attacked 
with the cholera, July 24, 1807, which carried off twelve 
men in seven days, thus losing one-seventh of his available 
strength. He took station at Fort Riley, Kansas, Decem- 
ber 10, 1867, where he remained until April 15, 1868, 
when he was ordered with his troop, with a battalion of 
the Tenth Cavalry, for duty in the field, continuing on 
that duty until the December following, and then was 
granted sick-leave to June, I 869. 

The captain was at Fort Dodge until August 20, 1S70, 
when he joined Troop F, as captain by promotion, ami 
remained on duty with this troop in all the work of scout- 
ing and frontier duty, including all campaigns against 
Indians in Kansas, Indian Territory, Texas (length and 
breadth), New Mexico, and Arizona. He commanded 
Troop F, in all its wanderings and changes, through 
twenty-one years and seven months, quitting its command 
by promotion to the Fourth Cavalry as major, January 
1, 1892, surrendering the actual command January 31, 
[892. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



229 



MEDICAL INSPECTOR EDWARD KERSHNER, U.S.N. 

Dr. Kershner's ancestors were early settlers of Wash- 
ington Count}-, Maryland, where they bought land from 
the Indians. Me was born in Hagerstown, Maryland, 
and graduated in medicine at the University of the City 
of New York' in 1861. All the young men were then 
going into either military or naval service, and he entered 
the navy as assistant surgeon, being stationed at the 
Washington Navy- Yard for a short time, and where he 
had an opportunity of seeing Lincoln and other persons 
who were to be prominent in our history. He was 
then attached to the " Cumberland," and in that ves- 
sel experienced the fierce fight and sudden destruction 
which often characterized naval warfare. It is not neces- 
sary to repeat here the story of the " Cumberland," — it 
suffices to say that Surgeon Charles Martin and Assist- 
ant Surgeon Kershner attended the many dreadfully 
wounded until they had to leave them, or go down with 
them. They were among the last to leap from the 
ports of the sinking ship, and were fortunately assisted 
by boats to the shore, close by. Lieutenant George 
Morris, in his report of the action, says: "Among the 
last to leave the ship were Surgeon Martin and Assistant 
Surgeon Kershner, who did all they could for the 
wounded." Dr. Kershner reached Fortress Monroe, and 
then Assistant Secretary Fox ordered him to take charge 
of Lieutenant Worden, of the " Monitor," who had been 
injured in action with the " Merrimac," and accompanied 
him to Washington. This duty performed, he was sum- 
moned by the Secretary of the Navy, and gave the first 
verbal account of the actions in Hampton Roads, by .in 
eye-witness, to persons at the seat of government. 

Dr. Kershner was then ordered to the Washington 
Navy- Yard again, and as soon as the " New Ironsides" 
was finished, at Philadelphia, he was ordered to her. 
She was the most powerful ship in the navy, and one of 
the most powerful in the world at that time. She went to 
Hampton Roads, to cover the movements of McCIellan's 
arm_\-, and then was ordered to Charleston. The services 
of that ship, in storm and battle, are well known. She 
succeeded, in spite of gloomy predictions by certain 
people. Her history is a most remarkable and interesting 
one. 

In February, 1S64, Dr. Kershner was transferred to 
the monitor " Passaic," and served in her in all the 
operations until the June following, when he was ordered 
North. In August he went to the Mississippi, serving in 
the iron-clad ram " Choctaw," one of the most actively 
employed of all Porter's squadron. Here he remained 
until the close of the war. 

Although in bad health from long exposure to malaria 




in the Southern rivers, he passed the examination for 
passed assistant surgeon in September, 1865. In Jan- 
uary, 1866, he was ordered to the " Tacony," and was on 
the Atlantic coast until October, when the officers and 
ship's company were transferred to the " Osceola," which 
vessel cruised in the West Indies, — suffering much from 
fever, and escaping, by a very few days, the great earth- 
quake at Santa Cruz, which threw the " Monongahela" 
on shore. 

He was next most commendably employed in the 
cholera epidemic of the receiving-ship "Potomac," at 
Philadelphia; and when that was over he went to the 
receiving-ship at New York. He was then ordered to 
the " Richmond," and cruised in Europe for three years. 
He afterwards served at the Naval Hospital, and on the 
receiving-ship at New York, being made surgeon in 1872. 
In 1874 he sailed in the " Swatara," upon the Transit 
of Venus Expedition, acting as photographer and natu- 
ralist, and bringing to the " Smithsonian" many specimens 
new to science. He remained attached to the " Swatara" 
until 1877, when he was ordered to special duty in New 
York. After this he was on duty in the " Minnesota" 
training-ship, and, after his tour there, was again on 
"special duty" in New York, acting at the same time as 
professor in the post-graduate school. In 1SS3 he went 
to China in the " Omaha," having several epidemics to 
encounter. On his return home he served in New York, 
being promoted to medical inspector in 1S91. Here he 
superintended the building and fitting of the new medical 
and surgical office at the navy-yard, where every facility 
is offered for professional work, as well as for chemical 
examinations of supplies and materials. At present Dr. 
Kershner is " waiting orders." 



230 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN H. H. KETCHUM. U.S.A. 

Captain H. II. Ketchum (Twenty-second Infantry) 
was a sun of Henry and Mary A. Ketchum, who were 
born in Vermont in 1806. He received an academic 
education. Enlisted in [86l in the Sixteenth New York 
Volunteers, at the age ol seventeen. He participated in 
the Peninsula campaign of the Army of the Potomac, 
and was slightly wounded at Gaines' Mill. He contin- 
ued in the field with that army through the Maryland 
campaign, and was discharged after the battle of Antie- 
tam, broken down in health, owing to his youth. When 
he regained his health again he enlisted in the First New 
York Engineers, and was mustered out of service June 
1, 1865. 

He was appointed second lieutenant in the Thir- 
teenth Infantry on the 23d of February, iS66, and served 
at Fort Buford dining the summer of [866, fighting 
Indians almost daily during that time. He then served 
at Port Dakota until July, 1867. He was promoted 
fust lieutenant and served at Fort Sully until 1874, when 
he was appointed adjutant Twenty-second Infantry, by 
General Stanley. He served in that capacity over twelve 
years. 

Lieutenant Ketchum was adjutant-general of the Yel- 
lowstone expeditions under General Stanley during the 
years 1S71 and 1873; had his horse killed under him 
in an Indian tight in August, 1 S73, at the mouth of Pig 
Horn River, Montana, while serving with General Custer 
in the capacity of aide. General Stanley, in a report to the 
adjutant-general of the army, says, " I have the honor to 
state that on the I ith of August, 1873, the troops under 
my command had a severe engagement with the Sioux 
Indians on the Yellowstone River, near the mouth of the 
Pig Horn. The principal fight was between seven troops 



of the Seventh Cavalry, commanded by Lieutenant- 
Colonel G. A. Custer, in repelling the attack of at least 
fifteen hundred Sioux warriors. First Lieutenant H. II. 
Ketchum, adjutant of the Twenty-second Infantry, was 
in the thickest of the fight and had his horse killed under 
him. His services were gallant and important." Gen- 
eral Custer, in a report to General Stanley, says, " I de- 
sire to commend to the brevet major-general commanding 
First Lieutenant H. II. Ketchum, adjutant Twenty- 
second Infantry, acting assistant adjutant-general of the 
expedition, but temporarily serving with me, who ren- 
dered me great assistance in transmitting my orders on 
the battle-field. He had his horse killed under him, and 
I had my horse shot at the same time." 

In 1874 Lieutenant Ketchum was ordered with his 
regiment to the Department of the Lakes. In 1877 he- 
was adjutant-general of the troops serving under the 
command of Lieutenant-Colonel E. S. Otis, Twenty- 
second Infantry, in quelling riots in Pennsylvania. He 
was ordered to Texas with his regiment in the spring of 
1879, and served at Fort McKavett and Fort Clark 
until the fall of [881, when he was ordered on recruiting 
service for two years. He rejoined his regiment in the fall 
of 1883, at Fort Lewis, Colorado. He was ordered with 
his company to quell troubles with the LItes, Navajos, and 
settlers on San Juan River, Colorado, in 1883-85. In 
1888 he was ordered with his regiment to Fort Keogh, 
Montana, and participated in the Sioux campaign of 
1890-91. Upon promotion to captaincy, in 1S82, Gen- 
eral Stanley paid Captain Ketchum the following com- 
pliment : 

" I was absent on leave u hen you resigned the ad- 
jutancy and left for other duty last year. Upon my 
return I intended to write you a letter expressing my 
thanks to you, but have kept putting it off until now. 
But if it is late, it is earnest. Through twelve eventful 
years you served me faithfully and well as adjutant 
of the Twenty-second Infantry. On long and weary 
marches, in the field, in the excitements of Indian 
attacks, during watchful nights, under burning suns 
and frosty skies, in many hours of office drudgery, you 
were always prompt, always ready, and always faithful 
to your commanding officer and to your duty. Twelve 
years is a long space in the lifetime of any one, and 
especially in the prime of life, and the intimate relations 
of colonel and adjutant during that period must lead to 
a pretty thorough acquaintance of each other. I hope 
that in your case it has left upon you the same feeling of 
respect and affection for me that in my case I entertain 
for you." 

Captain Ketchum has been recommended for brevet 
rank for Indian campaigns, and has been favorably men- 
tioned by department inspectors to the inspector-general 
of the army for efficiency as company commander. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



231 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL JUDSON 
KILPATRICK, U.S.A. 

Captain - and Brevet Major-General Judson Kil- 
patrick was born in New Jersey, and graduated at the 
Military Academy May 6, 1861. He was promoted 
second lieutenant, First Artillery, the same day, and was 
appointed captain of the Fifth New York Infantry May 9, 
1861. He joined his volunteer regiment at Fort Schuyler, 
and was ordered to Fort Monroe, Virginia, from which 
point he participated in the expedition to Big Bethel, and 
was engaged in the action at that place June 9 and 10, 

1 861, where he was wounded. He was on sick-leave of 
absence to July 30, and then on recruiting service to 
August 14, 1 86 1, when he resigned his volunteer com- 
mission. 

He was promoted first lieutenant of the hirst Ar- 
tillery May 14, [86l, and again appointed to the 
volunteer service September 25, 1861, as lieutenant- 
colonel of the Second New York Cavalry, which regiment 
he assisted in organizing and commanding, and in Feb- 
ruary, 1862, was ordered to accompany Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Lane's expedition to Texas, as chief of artillery ; 
but, it being abandoned, he returned to his regiment at 
Arlington, Virginia. 

He was appointed lieutenant-colonel (staff aide-de- 
camp) January 29, 1862, and participated in the operations 
of the Department of the Rappahannock, 1862, being 
engaged in skirmishes near Falmouth, Virginia ; move- 
ment to Thoroughfare Gap, raids 011 railroads, and skir- 
mish at Carmel Church July 2$, 1862. Following this, 
he participated in all the campaigns with the Army of 
the Potomac until [864, when he was transferred to the 
Western army. 

He was promoted colonel of the Second New York 
Cavalry December 6, 1862, and brigadier-general of 
volunteers June 13, 1863, and was in command of a 
cavalry brigade, after participating in the battle of 
Manassas, in an expedition to Leesburg September 19, 

1862. He was on leave of absence and on recruiting 
service to January 27, 1863, when he rejoined his com- 
mand (the cavalry brigade) and participated in Stone- 
man's raid towards Richmond, and engaged in the 
combat of Beverly Ford. 

In the Pennsylvania campaign General Kilpatrick 
commanded a cavalry division, and was engaged in the 
action of Aldie, skirmishes at Middleburg, Upperville, 
Hanover, Hunterstown, and battle of Gettysburg ; and, 
while pursuing the enemy back to Virginia, constant 
fighting at Monterey, Smithsburg, Hagerstown, and Fall- 
ing Waters, in Jul)-, 1863. 

After a short leave of absence he commanded a cavalry 
division in the operations in Central Virginia, being 
engaged in the expedition to Hartwood Church, to 




destroy theenemy's gun-boats " Satellite" and " Reliance," 
in the Rappahannock, August 14, 1863, with actions 
at Culpeper, Somerville Ford, Libert}' Mills, James City, 
Brandy Station, and Gainesville, in September and Oc- 
tober, 1863. He was in command of a cavalry divi- 
sion in the spring of 1864, and participated in the raid to 
Richmond and down the Virginia Peninsula, being en- 
gaged in the action at Ashland ami numerous skirmishes, 
with much destruction of the enemy's property. 

General Kilpatrick was then transferred to the Western 
arm)-, and assigned to the command of the Third Cavalry 
Division, Army of the Cumberland. He participated in 
the invasion of Georgia, and was engaged in the action 
of Ringgold and operations about Dalton, where he was 
severely wounded, and compelled to leave the field. But 
he returned Jul)- 22, 1864, and, in command of his divi- 
sion, was engaged in guarding General Sherman's com- 
munications and making raids, with constant heavy 
skirmishes with the enemy ; and in the " march to 
the sea," in actions at Lovejoy, Walnut Creek, Sylvan 
Grove, Rocky Creek, Waynesborough, Salkehatchie, 
Monroe's Cross-Roads, Raleigh, and Morristown, April 
13. 1865. 

Pie was promoted captain, First Artillery, November 
30, 1864, and was brevetted from major to major-general 
in the regular army for gallant and meritorious services, 
and was appointed major-general of volunteers June iS, 
1865. He was in command of the Third Division of the 
Cavalry Corps, Military Division of the Mississippi, from 
April 26 to June 13, 1865, and on leave of absence and 
awaiting orders until he resigned. 

He resigned his volunteer commission January 1, 1866, 
having been appointed United States Envoy Extraor- 
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Chili in 1865. 
He resigned his commission as captain, First U. S. Artil- 
lery, October 15, 1867. 



112 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND XA W (regular) 




GENERAL RUFUS KING, U.S.A. (deceased). 

General Rufus King was burn January 26, 1S14, 
New York City. Mis father, Charles King, afterwards 
editor of the New York American, and for many years 
President of Columbia College, was second son of Rufus 
King, who for twenty years represented New York State 
in the L T . S. Senate, and was twice minister resident at the 
Court of St. James. The first of the family to reach 
America was Richard King, who came to Boston from 
Kent, England, in 1710. Rufus King, the subject of this 
sketch, was educated in New York, and thoroughly pre- 
pared for West Point, which he entered in 1829, when 
less than sixteen, and was graduated in 1S33, standing 
fourth in a large class, and being assigned to the Engi- 
neer Corps. General King's first duty was as associate 
to Lieutenant Robert E. Lee, in the construction of 
Fortress Monroe. A year later he was employed on 
the survey of the boundary-line between Ohio and 
Michigan, and then in the improvement of the naviga- 
tion of the Hudson River to September, 1836, when 
he was induced to resign and enter into the service of 
Erie Railway, then in course of construction. On the 
entry into office of William II. Seward as governor of 
New York, in 1839, he appointed King adjutant- general 
of the State. Lor four years King served as adjutant- 
general, and mean time, inheriting his journalistic tastes 
and talents from his father, he became associate editor 
of the Albany Evening Journal, with Thurlow Weed 
as his chief and mentor. In [845, he removed with his 
wife and infant son to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and became 
editor, and later proprietor, of the Milwaukee Sentinel, 
which at once took rani; as the leading newspaper of 
Wisconsin. King remaining at the helm almost to the out- 
break of the war of the Rebellion. He was a member 
of the Constitutional Convention of Wisconsin in 1847- 
48. 



Regent of the University of Wisconsin from 1848 to 
1861 ; superintendent of the public schools of Milwaukee 
from 1S49 to 1 86 1 ; member of the Board of Visitors 
to West Point in 1S49; was associated with Wisconsin 
militia, as captain of the long famous Milwaukee 
Light-Guard, colonel of the First Regiment, and major- 
general of the State troops. In March, 1861, ap- 
pointed by President Lincoln minister resident to the 
Court of Rome, he was in New York City with his 
family awaiting the sailing of the steamer, when the news 
came of the attack on Sumter, and he at once begged 
for service in the field; was sent to Wisconsin to organ- 
ize the regiments tendered for the war; commissioned* 
brigadier-general of the Wisconsin volunteers May 7, 
and brigadier-general of the L T . S. Volunteers May 17, 
and in July was ordered to Washington as president of 
a court-martial, and then in the organization of the 
first brigade of Western troops serving in the Army of 
the Potomac, a brigade which later became famous as the 
"Iron Brigade of the West." A month was spent in 
drill at Cam]) Kalorama ; then the brigade marched to 
Chain Brigade, and later to Arlington, where it con- 
sisted of the Second, Sixth, and Seventh Wisconsin, and 
the Nineteenth Indiana, and where King was promoted 
to the command of a fine division, with J. P. Hatch, 
Doubleday, Patrick', and Gibbon as his brigade com- 
manders. 

He accompanied the advance on Manassas, was 
later ordered to Fredericksburg, and, as the Third 
Division of McDowell's corps, guarded the line of 
Rappahannock while McClellan was battling on the 
Peninsula. In August the division hurried forward to 
the support of Pope at Cedar Mountain; took part 
in the ill-starred campaign of second Bull Run; was 
swung to and fro from one flank to the other along the 
Rapidan ; was heavily engaged, all unsupported, with 
Jackson's Corps on the evening of August 28, a fight in 
which the Iron Brigade lost forty per cent, in killed and 
wounded ; and on the following day, as the result of ex- 
posure and fatigue. King was prostrated by severe illness 
and sent in to Washington. After his sick-leave he com- 
manded a division in the defences of the Capital to 
November j;, 186 J, when detailed member of the court 
for the trial of Fit/. John Porter; commanded the de- 
fences of Yorktown from March until after Gettysburg, 
[863; was then ordered to Fairfax, Virginia, command- 
ing division until October JO, when, his health being 
grievously impaired, and upon notification from the 
President that his services were urgently needed at 
Rome, he resigned his generalship and went at once to 
his post near the Papal Court, retaining it until the 
abolition of the mission in Inly, 1867, when he re- 



turned to the United States. 
1876. 



He died October 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



^-11 



CAPTAIN ADAM KRAMER, U.S.A. 

Captain Adam Kramer (Sixth Cavalry) was born in 
Germany October 15, 1837 ; came to America while quite 
young and settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He en- 
listed in the mounted service, at Philadelphia, May 16, 
1857, and remained at the recruiting depot, Carlisle Bar- 
racks, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, until July, 1857, when he 
was assigned to Company F, Second Dragoons, then 
stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He served with 
the regiment in Kansas until September of that year, 
when it was ordered to Utah. He served in Utah during 
the Salt Lake Expedition and in Nebraska until i86i,at 
which time the regiment was ordered to Washington, 
D. C. He was with the Army of the Potomac until dis- 
charged, May 16, 1862. 

Captain Kramer re-enlisted in Philadelphia August 25, 
1862, in Company I, Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry ; he 
was made a sergeant October 30, 1862, and first sergeant 
November 1, 1862. He was promoted first lieutenant 
March I, 1863, and became a captain May 8, 1863, and 
was with the regiment until the close of the Rebellion. 
He participated in the following battles and engagements, 
viz. : Siege of Yorktown, Virginia; battles of Antietam, 
Maryland; Murfreesborough, Tennessee; Chickamauga, 
Georgia, and numerous minor engagements of the regi- 
ment. He was mustered out with his regiment, the 
Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, June 21, 1865. 

The following indorsement on Captain Kramer's appli- 
cation for a commission in the regular army was made 
by Colonel William I. Palmer: 

" Captain Adam Kramer enlisted in my regiment (the 
Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry) in August, 1862, after 
already serving out a five-years' enlistment in the reg- 
ular cavalry. He continued to serve in my regiment, 
brigade, and division until the end of the war. ... I 
had occasion frequently to select him to command sep- 
arate expeditions of importance, in several of which he 
greatly distinguished himself, so as to earn the special 
commendation of Major-General George H. Thomas, as 
is shown in the accompanying highly laudator}- letter 
of that officer. Captain Kramer is very brave, faithful, 
and experienced, and should not be lost to the cavalry 
service." 

General Garfield indorsed this as follows: "I cheer- 
fully concur in the above recommendation. Such a 
man as Captain Kramer ought not to be lost to the 
service." 

Major Morrow, the President's private secretary, in- 
dorsed as follows : " Having been on the staff of Major- 
General Stoneman during the time the Fifteenth Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry was under his command, I can bear 
testimony to Captain Kramer's excellent reputation as a 
brave and skilful officer, and I would be glad to learn of 
his appointment in the regular service." 
3° 




Captain Kramer was appointed a second lieutenant 
of the Second U. S. Colored Cavalry December 7, 1865, 
and was stationed at Brazos Santiago, Texas. He was 
mustered out February 12, 1866. He then received 
his appointment as second lieutenant, Sixth U. S. 
Cavalry, to date from April 27, 1866; was promoted 
first lieutenant December 12, 1866, and captain August 
1, 1S74. 

He was stationed in Texas until 1870, when he availed 
himself of a leave of absence from September, 1870, to 
February, 1871, during part of which time he was with 
the German army in the Franco-Prussian War. 

He was engaged in the following affairs with the Indians 
(with his troop) : At Ash Creek, Arizona Territory, May 
7, 1880; also at Chevalon's Fork of the Little Colorado 
River, Arizona Territory, the campaign against the Sioux 
of 1891 and 1 892, and various others. 

Captain Kramer received special commendation from 
Brevet Major-General Grierson, commanding the District 
of New Mexico, in his special report on the removal of 
the intruders from the Jicarillo Indian Reservation of 
New Mexico, in these words : 

" It is a pleasure to acknowledge my indebtedness 
to Captain Adam Kramer, commanding Troops E and 
F, Sixth Cavalry, and the officers and soldiers under 
his command, for the alacrity with which the impor- 
tant duties devolving upon them were carried out. 
Detachments were carefully and promptly furnished, 
and Lieutenants Cruse and Gallagher, and the men sent 
out under their charge, endured without a murmur 
the hardship of long marches and arduous work re- 
quired in the removal of intruders and their stock from 
the Jicarillo Reservation. The efficient and valuable ser- 
vice rendered while under my command, by those well- 
disciplined and deserving troops, is worthy of the highest 
praise." 



254 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




MAJOR JOHN ALEXANDER KRESS, U.S.A. 

Major John Alexander Kress (Ordnance Depart- 
ment) was bom in Pennsylvania November 4, 1839, 
and was appointed a cadet at the Military Academy 
from Laporte, Indiana, in June, 1858, but he resigned 
October iS, 1 861, to serve as aide-de-camp on the staff 
of Brigadier-General James S. Wadsworth, in the Army 
of the Potomac. He was appointed first lieutenant of the 
Twenty-fifth New York Infantry for that purpose No- 
vember 1, [861, and performed duty in that position 
until Jul)- 9, 1862, when he was promoted major of the 
Ninety-fourth New York Infantry, and participated with 
that regiment in General Pope's campaign of 1862, being 
engaged at the battle of Cedar Mountain and Rap- 
pahannock Crossing, Virginia. He commanded the 
regiment at the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, De- 
cember 1 1—14, 1862, it forming part of General Gibbon's 
division. 

Major Kress was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 
Ninety-fourth New York Infantry November i, 1862, and 
made acting inspector-general of the First Division of 
the First Army Corps, serving in that capacity during 
the Rappahannock and Pennsylvania campaigns of 1863, 
having been engaged in the battles of Chancellorsville, 
Virginia, and Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 

Colonel Kress entered the regular service as a second 
lieutenant of ordnance November 24, [863, ami resigned 
his commission in the volunteer service to accept his 



appointment December 1 1, 1863. He was first stationed 
at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, where he remained until 
September, 1864, when he was assigned as chief ordnance 
officer of the Ami)- of the James and of the Department 
of Virginia and North Carolina, and performed the duties 
of that office until June, 1865. He was promoted first 
lieutenant of ordnance July 16, 1864, and served as act- 
ing inspector-general of the Twenty-fifth Army Corps 
from April to May, 1865. 

He was honorably mentioned by the major-general 
commanding the First Corps, in his official report, for 
meritorious conduct at the battle of Gettysburg, Penn- 
sylvania, July 1-4, 1863, and at the close of the war 
was made brevet captain April 2, 1865, for "gallant and 
meritorious services during the siege of Richmond and 
Petersburg, Virginia," and brevet major April 3, 1865, 
"for meritorious and distinguished services as chief ord- 
nance officer." 

After the fall of Richmond he was ordered in June, 
1865, to Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois, where he remained 
until July, 1S67, when he was transferred to the Alle- 
gheny Arsenal, at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Serving at 
this post until April, 1871, his field of duty was changed 
to the Pacific coast, and while commanding at Vancouver 
Arsenal, Washington, was chief ordnance officer of the 
Department of the Columbia, retaining this position 
until 1SS2. While on this duty he commanded a gun- 
boat, with sixty men, on the Upper Columbia River in 
Jul}-, 187S, and was engaged skirmishing with hostile 
Indians, preventing their escape from the forces com- 
manded by General Howard. 

Lieutenant Kress was promoted to a captaincy July 16, 
1S74, ami, upon being relieved from duty in the Depart- 
ment of the Columbia in 1882, was ordered to San An- 
tonio Arsenal, which he commanded, and was also 
chief ordnance officer of the Department of Texas. On 
November 5, (883, he was relieved and ordered to 
Indianapolis, where he commanded the arsenal at that 
point until July, 1886. On January 3, 1887, he was 
promoted major, and he commanded the St. Louis 
powder-depot from July, 1886, to December, 1887, 
when he was again ordered to the Pacific coast, doing 
duty at Benicia Arsenal to September, 1890, at which 
time he was transferred to Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois, 
where he remained until November 1 8, 1S90, when he 
was assigned to the command of the St. Louis powder- 
depot, which is now his present station. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



>35 



COLONEL LOOMIS L. LANGDON, U.S.A. 

Colonel Loomis L. Laxgdox (First Artillery) was 
born in New York, and graduated from the Military 
Academy July i, 1854, when he was promoted brevet 
second lieutenant of artillery, and served in garrison at 
Fort Monroe, Virginia. He was promoted second lieu- 
tenant of the First Artillery August 21, 1854, and par- 
ticipated in the Florida hostilities against the Seminole 
Indians during the years 1854-56, being engaged in 
action, in command of the advanced guard attacking 
Bill}- Bowlegs in his village (" Billy's Town"), in the heart 
of the Big Cypress Swamp, April 7, 1856. 

From 1857 to 1S60 Lieutenant Langdon was on fron- 
tier duty in Texas, and was at Fort Brown during the 
yellow-fever epidemic, which carried off half the com- 
mand, in the latter part of 1S58. He was also in the 
yellow-fever epidemic of 1859 at Brownsville. In 
1859-60 he received the public thanks of the citizens of 
Brownsville, for organizing them into a defensive force, 
and assisting them " to defend their lives and property" 
from the attacks of the outlaw Cortinas and his band. 

He was promoted first lieutenant July 13, i860, and 
captain Aug. 28, 1861, serving in defence of Fort Pickens, 
Florida, from Feb. 7, 1861 , to Jan. 7, 1 S62, being engaged 
in the repulse of the attack on Santa Rosa Island, anil in 
command of the mortar battery at Fort Pickens during 
the two bombardments of that place, Nov. 22, 23, 1862. 

Captain Langdon's field of duty was changed to South 
Carolina, and he participated in the operations about 
Charleston from June 20, 1862, to Feb. 5, 1864, and was 
engaged (commanding field and siege batteries) in the de- 
scent on and capture of Morris Island from Folly Island. 
He also participated in the siege of Fort Wagner in com- 
mand of siege and field batteries, and commanded the 
artillery brigade and his own light battery (M), First Ar- 
tillery, in the expedition under General Seymour to Flor- 
ida, being engaged in the battle of Olustee, Feb. 20, 1864, 
for which he was made brevet major " for gallant and 
meritorious services." As chief of artillery, First Divi- 
sion, Tenth Army Corps, Captain Langdon participated 
in the operations on James River, Virginia, from Bermuda 
Hundred, from May 5 to Sept. 28, 1864, and was en- 
gaged in the actions at Howlett's House and Weir Bottom 
Church, assault and capture of the enemy's defences near 
Chester Station, and the capture of the right of the ene- 
my's intrenchments ; he was also engaged in the battle 
of Drury's Bluff, in defence of the Bermuda Hundred in- 
trenchments, and siege of Petersburg. He was in com- 
mand of Battery M, First Artillery (light), in the opera- 
tions before Richmond, from Sept. 29, 1864, to March 2j, 
1865, being engaged in the assault and capture of New 
Market Heights, and in the repulse of the attack on the 
Federal position on the New Market Road. He was chief 
of artillery of the Twenty-fifth Army Corps (Army of the 




James) from Feb. 14 to June 18, 1865, participating in the 
capture of Richmond April 3, 1865, and superintended 
the batteries of the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth 
Corps in collecting the field artillery abandoned by the 
enemy — over three hundred guns — in the earthworks 
around Richmond. Captain Langdon was made brevet 
lieutenant-colonel Sept. 29, 1864, "for gallant and meri- 
torious services in the attack on Fort Gilmer, Virginia." 
At the conclusion of the war of the Rebellion, Captain 
Langdon, as chief of artillery, accompanied General Weit- 
zel's expedition to the Rio Grande, as chief of artillery 
and assistant inspector-general, to recover munitions of 
war sold to the Imperialists under Maximilian, in Mex- 
ico, by the Confederates, from June to August, 1865, on 
the conclusion of which duty he was granted a sick-leave 
of absence, though he rejoined his command at Browns- 
ville, Texas, in November of that year. His station was 
changed to New York harbor in Jan., I.S66, and from 
April 21 to Oct. 20, 1867, he was on leave of absence in 
Europe. From 1S67 to the present time Colonel Lang- 
don's duty has called him to numerous important posi- 
tions, and his service has been at posts in various parts of 
the country, mainly in the Southern States. He was pro- 
moted major of the Second Artillery March 20, 1879, 
and lieutenant-colonel of the same regiment Dec. 1, 1S83. 
He has been engaged in the suppression of election dis- 
turbances, the suppression of railroad riots, and has been 
on several occasions inspector of militia encampments, as 
well as a member of important courts and boards, all of 
which are too numerous to detail in this limited sketch. 
He was promoted colonel of the First Artillery Jan. 25, 
1889, joining it at San Francisco, and with his regiment 
was transferred to New York harbor in May, 1890. He 
took station at Fort Hamilton, where he is now in com- 
mand of his regiment, that garrisons all the forts in New 
York harbor. 



2 3 6 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NA VY {regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL JAMES L. LARDNER, U.S.N. 
(deceased). 

Rear-Admiral James L. Lardner, belonging to a 
well-known Pennsylvania family, entered the navy from 
tint State in May, 1820. As midshipman he made a 
long cruise in the Pacific, — first in the schooner" Dol- 
phin," anil then in the " Franklin," eighty-gun ship, and 
flag-ship of Commodore Stewart. His next service was 
in the appropriately-named new frigate " Brandywine," 
which carried home General La Fayette, the " nation's 
guest." The vessel afterwards went t'> the Mediterranean, 
hut came back in 1820, and became the flag-ship of 
Commodore Jacob Jones in the Pacific. In that ship, in 
the schooner " Dolphin," and in the " Yinccnnes," he 
served until June, 1830, nearly three years of that time 
being navigator of the " Yinccnnes," in which he circum- 
navigated the globe. Commissioned lieutenant May 17, 
1828. In [832 was attached to the schooner " Experi- 
ment," and in 1833-34 served in the " Delaware," eighty- 
gun ship, flag-ship of Commodore Patterson, in the 
Mediterranean. In 1837—38 served in the razee " Inde- 
pendence" (sixty), Commodore Nicholson, and in her 
went to Russia, England, and Brazil. He went to the 
Pacific in the sloop " Cyane" in [841 ; was transferred to 
the frigate " United States," ami served in her as first 



lieutenant for nearly three years. He then commanded 
the receiving-ship at Philadelphia, and in 1850 went out 
to the coast of Africa in command of the brig " Porpoise." 
He was made commander in 1851, and transferred, on 
the station, to the sloop-of-war " Dale." He came home 
in her in 1 853. He next served as fleet-captain of the 
West India Squadron, anil in i860 was attached to the 
Philadelphia Navy-Yard. In May, 1861, he was commis- 
sioned as captain, and in September of that eventful year 
was ordered to the command of the steam-frigate "Sus- 
quehanna," of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 
He blockaded the coasts of Smith Carolina and Georgia, 
and was at Port Royal, for which his name was included 
by President Lincoln in the recommendation for a vote 
of thanks by Congress. This vote passed the House, but 
was thrown out in the Senate. Port Royal was one of 
the first naval successes, and Flag-Officer Dupont ad- 
dressed Captain Lardner a letter upon his conduct then, 
of which the following is an extract: " I enclose a gen- 
eral order, to be read to the officers and men of the 
' Susquehanna,' and I take the occasion to say that your 
noble ship, throughout the whole of the battle, was pre- 
cisely where I wanted her to be, and doing precisely what 
I wanted her to do, and that your close support of this 
ship (flag-ship ' Wabash') was a very gallant thing." 

In May, 1862, Captain Lardner assumed command of 
the F.ast Gulf Blockading Squadron, but was obliged to 
return home in December, invalided by a severe attack of 
yellow fever at Key West. In the previous summer he 
lost, from yellow fever, forty gallant officers and men 
from his flag-ship alone. In May, 1863, as acting rear- 
admiral, he took command of the West India Squadron, 
and retained it until the squadron was withdrawn in 
October, 1864. He was commissioned commodore in 
Jul_\', 1S62; commissioned rear-admiral July, 1866; on 
special duty from 1864 to 1869; and governor of the 
Naval Asylum at Philadelphia, 1869-71. He died in 
Philadelphia April 12, 1881. 

Admiral Lardner was a particularly handsome man, 
with high-bred look anil manner. He retained a youthful 
figure and alert and active manner until his death. He 
was a noticeable person, whether in uniform or in plain 
clothes, and an excellent exemplar of the best class of 
officers of the " old navy." 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



'-37 



CHIEF ENGINEER EDWARD B. LATCH, U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Chief Engineer Edward B. Latch was born in 
Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, November 15, 1833. 
Having a taste for mechanics, he entered the locomotive 
works of the well-known firm of Norris Brothers, of 
Philadelphia, and passed five years there in the ma- 
chinery and draughting departments. By the recom- 
mendation of Mr. Richard Norris, he was appointed a 
third assistant engineer in the navy in September, 1858, 
and was ordered to the steamer "Atalanta," which vessel 
formed part of the Paraguay Expedition. On her return, 
Engineer Latch was ordered to the steamer " Sumter," 
in which he served on the west coast of Africa, in 
1860-61. In the latter part of 186 1 he was promoted 
to second assistant engineer. 

He next served in the celebrated flag-ship " Hartford," 
under Admiral Farragut, and was present at the engage- 
ments of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and the Chalmette 
batteries, which led to the capture of New Orleans. He 
was also present on the two occasions when the " Hart- 
ford" ran the gauntlet of the Vicksburg batteries ; at 
the affair of the ram " Arkansas ;" and at the passage of 
Port Hudson. Before Port Hudson fell, the chief engi- 
neer of the " Hartford" was detached, and Engineer 
Latch was ordered to take charge of the " Hartford's" 
machinery. When we consider the difficulty of main- 
taining machinery in fighting order, without having 
access to machine-shops or repairing stations, this 
showed an unusual mark of confidence in the ability of 
an officer of junior grade. Engineer Latch retained his 
charge until the " Hartford" steamed into New York 
harbor, bearing Admiral Farragut's flag. Of all the 
ships of his fleet, the " Hartford" was — as he said him- 
self — the home of the admiral; and when he went South 
again, for the Mobile campaign, the " Hartford" bore his 
flag at her mizzen-top-mast head. In the "Hartford'' 
Engineer Latch again fought under Farragut at Mobile 
Bay, and the numerous minor engagements in that 




quarter. After the capture of the ram " Tennessee," En- 
gineer Latch was ordered in temporary charge of her 
machinery. 

After the war he served in the East India Squadron, 
and at the Naval Academy. Promoted chief engineer 
1870; "Congress," special service, 1870-72; Board of 
Inspection, 1873-75 ; sick-leave, 1876-77; and retired in 
1878. 

Chief Engineer Latch's forefathers took up land in 
Montgomery County nearly two hundred years ago, and 
his grandfather served in the Revolution, rising to the 
rank of major. Another branch settled nearer to Phila- 
delphia, and were allied with the De Monseaus, who, 
after the revocation of the edict of Nantes, settled at 
Frankford, near Philadelphia. 

Since his retirement, Mr. Latch has been engaged in 
writing upon Biblical subjects, principally, much of which 
has been published. 

He now resides at Overbrook, Pennsylvania, en a 
portion of an estate which has been in his family for 
five generations. 



238 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




CAPTAIN PETER LEARY, JR., U.S.A. 

Captain Peter Leaky, Jk. (Fourth Artillery), was 
born September 15, 1840, in Baltimore, Maryland. When 
the Civil War began he was a student of law. lie was 
commissioned second lieutenant in the Baltimore Battery 
of Light Artillery, Maryland Volunteers, in August, 1862, 
and continued in service until honorably mustered out in 
June, 1865, having been engaged in the actions which 
inaugurated the Gettysburg campaign at Berryville, June 
12; Opequan Creek, June 13; Winchester, June 14. and 
Martinsburg Pike, June 1 5, [863. I Ie participated in the 
Maryland campaign of 1864, and was present in action 
on Catoctin Mountain, Jul}- 7 ; at Frederick, July 8, and 
Monocacy, July 9, and was engaged in the pursuit of 
the Confederate army under Early from Washington to 
Leesburg in Jul)* and August of that year. 

lie was appointed second lieutenant Fourth U. S. Ar- 
tillery July 2, IS6J, and assigned to Light Battery P>, 
which he joined September 6 at Fort Harker, Kansas. 
In November the batter}' marched to Fort Leavenworth, 
where it remained until the spring of 1S69, when it was 
ordered to Port Riley. In April, 1X69, he was placed on 
special duty on the Sac and Fox Reservation in Kansas, 
under instructions from Major-General Schofield, con- 
cerning the removal of settlers from that reservation. 
Rejoining tlie battery early in June, he immediately joined 
Light Batteries K, First Artillery, and C, Third Artillery, 
mounted .is cavalry, under command of Captain William 
M.Graham, First Artillery, scouting the valley of the 
Republican River for hostile Indians, performing the staff 
duties of tlie expedition. 

He was promoted first lieutenant to date from January 

24. 1873, and on April 1 joined Miller's battery in the 

field against the Modoc Indians, taking part in the 

igements in the Lava Beds of April 15. lie com- 



manded an escort of nineteen men in an engagement in 
the pedregal April 20, in which he had one man killed 
and one wounded, repulsing the attack and assuring the 
safety of the convoy. For good conduct in this cam- 
paign he was nominated by the President to be captain 
by brevet. 

On June 17, 1877, he went into the field again with 
Miller's batter}' in the campaign against the hostile Nez 
Perces, under their able war-chief Joseph, and was ap- 
pointed field-quartermaster and acting chief commissary 
of subsistence of General Howard's command. On July 
13, Major George H. Weeks, quartermaster, having re- 
ported for duty, he was relieved as field-quartermaster, 
continuing on duty as acting chief commissar}- until the 
end of the campaign. He was in the engagements of 
Julv 11 and 12 on the Clearwater, and in the skirmish of 
Julv 13, [877, at Kamiah, and was honorably mentioned 
in General Howard's report of the campaign in the fol- 
lowing terms: "I wish to make special mention of the 
following officers who have served under my command 
during the late expedition against the hostile Nez Perces. 
. . . First Lieutenant Peter Leary, Jr., Fourth Artillery. 
He discharged the duties of chief commissar)' officer to 
the forces in the field, operating under my immediate 
command, during the entire campaign. He was always 
active and energetic, giving his entire attention to his 
important duties, and deserves commendation for the very 
satisfactory manner in which they were performed." 

In garrison at Fort Point, California; Fort Canby, 
Washington Territory ; Madison Barracks, New York ; 
Fort Warren, Massachusetts (part of the time ordnance 
officer and acting assistant quartermaster and acting 
commissar)' subsistence of post ), from Ma}', I S80, to Sep- 
tember 20, 1885. < >n October 1, 1885, assigned to and 
on duty with Light Patter}- Fat Fort Snelling, Minne- 
sota, from October 1, 1885, to March, 1887. 

Captain Leary was graduated from the Artillery School 
in 1SS0. He has twice, under orders from the Secretary 
of War, inspected the National Guard of Vermont in 
their summer encampments of 1888 and 1889. In P'eb- 
ruary, 1890, he was detailed as professor of military sci- 
ence and tactics in the Agricultural College of South 
Dakota, and was promoted captain August 28, 1891. 

Captain Leary is the eldest son of Cornelius L. L. 
Lear}', of Baltimore, who represented the Third Con- 
gressional District of Maryland in the Thirty-seventh 
Congress from 1861 to [S63, and is a brother of Com- 
mander Richard P. Leary, U. S. Navy. 

Captain Leary was appointed private secretary to 
Thomas Swann, Governor of Maryland, in January, 1866, 
and was subsequently commissioned aide-de-camp to the 
governor, with the rank of colonel, from May 20, 181,7, 
to July 31, 1867, when he resigned to enter the U.S. 
Army. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



2 39 



REAR-ADMIRAL SAMUEL PHILLIPS LEE, U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Rear-Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee, born in Virginia, 
was appointed midshipman in 1825. Commanding the 
" Vandalia" under orders to the Fast Indies, and learning 
at Cape Town of the Rebellion, he brought his command 
back to the support of the Union. I lis services in the 
early blockade of Charleston in that ship were valuable. 
Under Farragut, in the " < )neida," he commanded the 
guard division, was in the gun-boat action with the forts, 
and at the passage of the forts captured " Kennon" and 
officers and men, the only captures from the rebel fleet 
that day; was second on both passages of the Vicksburg 
batteries. Ordered to command the North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, September 2, 1862. Secretary 
Welles, in his two next annual reports, states, "Acting 
Rear- Admiral Lee, in command, has faithfully and ably 
discharged his duties in a position of great responsibility, 
and in some respects of great embarrassment. All inter- 
course with the rebels has been cut off, with the single 
exception of the port of Wilmington, of two inlets forty 
miles apart, flanked with extensive batteries, where some 
of the fastest steamers have run by under cover of dark- 
ness. This port could not be closed without a co-oper- 
ating land force, and there has been no time within the 
last two years when the navy has not been ready and 
anxious to perform its part. There were ninety-one 
affairs and expeditions in co-operation with the army or 
independently ; fifty-four steamers were captured or de- 
stroyed during his command." Lee's system of steam- 
blockade, original and effective, was adopted by his 
successor, ami will be an instruction for the future. 
De Joinvillc says, " Many persons believe the rigor of 
the blockade the primary cause of the subjection of 
the South." Lee, assigned to the Mississippi Squadron, 
took command November 1. Hood with a large 
army was moving to attack Thomas before he could 
concentrate. Lee promptly stationed the vessels on 
the Mississippi to prevent Kirby Smith's forces from 
joining Hood's. 

Sent two iron-clads to the Cumberland to support 
Thomas, and protect his communications, and followed 
in the hastily-prepared iron-clad "Cincinnati;" was 
stopped, by low water on Harpeth Shoals, at Clarksville, 
where Thomas and Fitch had asked an iron-clad should 
be stationed, to prevent Hood from crossing for the 
Ohio, about which Giant was anxious. The river rose 
barely enough to allow Fitch to move the gun-boats and 
assist the army to turn the enemy's left in the battle of 
the 15th, but not enough to make Harpeth Shoals pass- 
able until three days later. Fitch desired to remain on 
the Cumberland and retain an iron-clad. Lee hurried 
up the Tennessee to cut off Hood's escape at Duck- 
River, or at Florence, at the foot of the shoals heretofore 




considered the head of steamboat navigation, where Hood 
had crossed last fall. All visible means of crossing were 
destroyed. The operations of the squadron forced Hood 
to cross six miles up on Muscle Shoals, where the 
iron-clads could not reach the enemy. Hood says he 
crossed Duck River on the 19th, "proceeded on dif- 
ferent roads," and " entertained but little concern in 
regard to being further harassed by the enemy." 
"Therefore continued to march leisurely, and arrived 
at Bainbridge on the 25th." His army mostly restored 
itself to citizenship. The defeat of Hood's army by 
the Army of the Cumberland, with the co-operation 
<>f the Mississippi Squadron, virtually ended the war, 
and left only ceremonial proceedings for the custom- 
house selvage of the Southern States and the Trans- 
Mississippi. General Lee was unable to hold or leave 
his trenches, and General Sherman wrote that Fort 
Fisher would fall with his advance. Charleston, strongly 
fortified, so fell. General Thomas telegraphed to Ad- 
miral Lee, "Your co-operation on the Tennessee River 
has contributed largely to the demoralization of Hood's 
army, and it gives me great pleasure to tender to you, 
your officers and men, my hearty thanks fir your cordial 
co-operation during the operations of the last thirty 
days." The war was over; Admiral Lee closed up all 
the affairs of the Mississippi Squadron except selling 
the vessels. Secretary Welles wrote, June 19, "Acting 
Rear-Admiral Lee is so correct and accurate a busi- 
ness-man, that I know he would wish himself to close 
up the final affairs of the squadron he has commanded 
with so much ability and with such indefatigable in- 
dustry." Detached August 14. Promoted to commo- 
dore July 25, 1866. Promoted to rear-admiral April 
22, 1870. Commanded North Atlantic Squadron two 
years. Retired February 13, 1873. He was devoted 
to duty and just in command. 



240 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NA VY (regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL WILLIAM E. LE ROY, U.S.N. 

(deceased). 

Rear-Admiral William E. Le Roy was born in New 
York March 24, 1S1.X. Appointed from New York 
January 1 1, 1832 ; attached to frigate " Delaware," Med- 
iterranean Squadron, 1833—36 ; brig "Dolphin," Brazil 
Squadron, 1S37-3S. Promoted to passed midshipman 
June 23, 1838; frigate "Constitution," Pacific Squad- 
ron, 1839-40; store-ship " Erie," 1S42-43. Commis- 
sioned as lieutenant July 13, 1 843; steamer "Missis- 
sippi," Home Squadron, 1S46; steamer "Princeton," 
Home Squadron, 1847; engagement with Mexican sol- 
diers at Rio Aribiqua, while assisting to water the 
"Princeton;" sloop "Savannah," Pacific Squadron, 
1849-51; waiting-orders, 1852; frigate "Savannah," 
Brazil Squadron, 1853-55 ! Naval Station, Sackett's Har- 



bor, New York, 1857-58; frigate "Sabine," Brazil 
Squadron, 1S59; commanding steamer " Mystic," coast 
of Africa, 1861. Commissioned as commander July 1, 
1861 ; commanding steamer "Keystone State," South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862-63; capture of 
Fernandina, 1862; engagement with iron-clads off 
Charleston, South Carolina, January, 1863 ; commanding 
steam-sloop "Oneida," Western Gulf Squadron, 1864; 
commanding steam-sloop " Ossipee," Western Gulf 
Squadron, 1864-65; commanded the " Ossipee" at the 
battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864; his vessel was 
struck many times, but, fortunately, not disabled. When 
about running down the " Tennessee," that vessel dis- 
played a white flag, and Captain Le Roy received her 
surrender from Captain Johnson, her commander, the 
rebel Admiral Buchanan being wounded ; naval ren- 
dezvous, New York, 1866-67. 

Commissioned as captain Jul}' 25, 1866; fleet-captain 
European Squadron, under Admiral Farragut, 1867- 
68. Commissioned as commodore July, 1870; special 
duty, New London, 1N71 ; senior officer Board of Ex- 
aminers, 1872-73. Commissioned as rear-admiral April 
5, 1874; commanding South Atlantic Station, 1874- 
76; commanding European Station, 1878-80. Died, 
1888. 

Admiral Le Roy was a man of such singularly happy 
temperament and urbane manners, that every one who 
came in contact with him became fond of him. There 
were few men in the navy more generally beloved. At 
the same time he was a strict disciplinarian, and a fine 
type of the naval officer, impressing foreigners, as well as 
our own people, by his correct and courteous bearing 
on all occasions. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



241 



CAPTAIN BENJAMIN C. LOCKWOOD, U.S.A. 

Captain Benjamin C. Lockwood (Twenty-second In- 
fantry) was born in Kentucky February 28, 1 X44. He 
entered the military service as a private in Company F, 
Sixth Kentucky Infantry, October 2, 1 86 1 , and served 
during the war of the Rebellion in the armies of the 
West. 

He was appointed second lieutenant of the Fifty- 
fourth Kentucky Infantry September 30, 1864, and was 
honorably mustered out September 1, 1865. He was 
engaged during the war of the Rebellion in the battles 
of Shiloh, Cumberland Gap, Charlestown, Chickasaw 
Bayou, Arkansas Post, siege of Vicksburg, Pound Gap, 
Saltville, Marion Heights, Aberdeen, Zollicoffer, Lead- 
ville (North Carolina), Bardstown (Kentucky), and with 
guerillas in the remainder of his war-service. 

Captain Lockwood entered the regular service as a 
second lieutenant of the Thirty-first Infantry March 7, 
1867, and joined his company, and was engaged in skir- 
mishes with Indians in 1808 at Fort Totten; in 1S68-69 
at Fort Buford ; and in [869 at Fort Stevenson; also 
on Yellowstone River in [876, and Tongue River in 

1877. 
He was transferred to the Twenty-second Infantry 

May 15, 1869, and served at Fort Rice, Dakota, [869 ; at 
Fort Randall, Dakota, 1872—73 ; with his company to re- 
inforce General Terry at the mouth of Rosebud Creek in 
1876; participated in the campaigns of General Terry 
and General Miles against hostile Indians dining the years 
of 1876-77 ; on sick-leave from June, 1877, to November, 
1S77, when he joined Company G at Fort Porter, New 
York. He moved with his company to Texas in 1879; 
served at Fort McKavett until July, 1880, when he was 
transferred to command Company B, and served there 
until January, 188 1. He was at Fort Duncan until Oc- 
tober, 1881 ; at Fort Clark until October, 1882; on leave 
until May, 1883; and rejoined his company at Fort Lewis, 
Colorado, 1884. He was then detailed on recruiting ser- 
vice from 1887 to 1889; and was promoted captain June 




2, 1889, when he joined Company I at Fort Abraham 
Lincoln, Dakota, in October, 1889. 

Captain Lockwood was post adjutant at Fort Totten, 
Dakota, hum July, 1867, to December, 1867; acting 
assistant quartermaster and acting commissar)' of sub- 
sistence at Port Buford, Dakota, from October, 1868, to 
June, 1869; post adjutant at Fort Stevenson from June, 
1869, to October, 1869; post adjutant at Fort Randall, 
Dakota, from August, [870, to Jul)-, 1871 ; post adjutant 
at Lower Brule Agency from Jul)-, 1871, to September, 
1 Sj2 ; post adjutant at Fort Randall, Dakota, from May, 
1873, to June, 1874; acting assistant quartermaster and 
acting commissar)- of subsistence at Fort Brady, Michi- 
gan, from May, 1875, to May, 1876; acting commissary 
of subsistence at Fort Lewis, Colorado, 1884-85; post 
adjutant at Columbus Barracks, Ohio, from 1887 to 
June 2, 1889. 

Upon the consolidation of Company I, Twenty-second 
Infantry, Captain Lockwood was ordered to Fort Keogh, 
Montana (his present station), and subsequently assigned 
to Company D, Twenty-second Infantry. 



3i 



242 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY regular) 




EX-PAYMASTER-GENERAL THOMAS H. LOOKER, 
U.S.N, (retired). 

Ex-Paymaster- General Thomas H. Looker was born 
in Ohio, and has been for many years a resident of the 
District of Columbia. He originally entered the navy 
as a midshipman in November, 1846, and served with 
credit throughout the Mexican War in several expedi- 
tions on the coast and up rivers. ( >n account of ill 
health, incident to hard service, he resigned in 1852. 

Paymaster Looker's record while serving as a line- 
officer in the navy was most creditable, and his standing 
in his class rendered it certain that, had his health not 
broken down, he would have been just as successful in 
the line as he had been in the staff. However, later in 
his career, the knowledge gained as a line-officer proved 
of great benefit to him and to the service. 

In August, 1853, he was appointed a purser in the 



navy. Attached to brig " Bainbridge," Brazil Squadron, 
'853-56; sloop-of-war "Portsmouth," East India Squad- 
ron, 1857-58; steamer "Brooklyn," Home Squadron, 
1858-60; and in the same ship in 1861, in the Atlantic 
and Gulf Squadrons, conveying troops and assisting in 
saving Fort Pickens, and instituting the blockade off the 
mouths of the Mississippi. 

From 1 86 1 to 1863 he was paymaster in charge of 
supplies North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and was, 
as a volunteer, in the memorable action between the 
" Merrimac" and the " Monitor" and squadron at Hamp- 
ton Roads, Virginia, in 1862. 

Luring 1864, Paymaster Looker was temporarily on 
important duty in Baltimore. It will thus be seen that 
Paymaster Looker was actively engaged during the 
entire period of the Civil War, and his creditable services 
then hail much to do with his appointment afterwards 
to the head of his corps. 

In 1865 he was ordered to the " Powhatan," on the 
South Pacific Station, and became fleet-paymaster to 
1 808. From [869 to 1S72 he was in charge of the 
Naval Pay-Office at Baltimore, ami then served a term 
.it the navy-yard at Washington. Then he was ordered 
to the Pay-( Iffice in Baltimore again. In 1877-78 he 
was "Assistant to the Secretary of the Navy." From 
1878 to 1 88 2 he was general inspector of the pay corps 
of the navy. He was then stationed at the Pay-( )ffice at 
Washington, and was again general inspector of the pay 
corps in [889 and 1890. In March, 1890, he was ap- 
pointed paymaster-general of the navy, and chief of the 
Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Navy Department, 
with the relative rank of commodore. He was retired 
with that rank in November, 1 891, by reason of age and 
length of service, together with ill health caused by the 
great strain which at that time devolved upon the in- 
cumbent of the office of the paymaster-general. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



?43 



MAJOR JAMES H. LORD. U.S.A. 

Major James H. Lord (Quartermaster's Department) 
was born in Pennsylvania February 27, 1840, and grad- 
uated from the Military Academy June 17, 1862. He 
was promoted brevet second lieutenant of the Second 
Artillery the same day, and on July 24 of the same year 
was promoted second lieutenant of the same regiment. 
He served in the Peninsula campaign of the Army of 
the Potomac during the war of the Rebellion, and in the 
Northern Virginia campaign in 1862, and was engaged 
at the battles of Malvern Hill, second Bull Run, Chan- 
tilly, and several skirmishes. He participated in the 
Maryland campaign, and was engaged in the battle of 
South Mountain and Antietam, and then took part in the 
march back to the Rappahannock River, and was engaged 
in the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia. 

Having been transferred to the Western army, he was 
at Covington, Kentucky, in April, 1863, and at Lexing- 
ton to June 4, 1863, when he took part in the move- 
ments of the Ninth Army Corps to Young's Point, 
Louisiana. He then participated in the Vicksburg cam- 
paign, being engaged in the siege of that place from June 
17 to July 4, 1863, and capture of Jackson, Mississippi, 
July 16, 1863. He was then granted a leave of absence, 
on account of sickness, from August 10 to September 
26, 1863. He was detailed as mustering and disbursing 
officer at Cincinnati, Ohio, from March 15 to May 2, 
1864, and at Boston, Massachusetts, to December 25, 
1864. In the mean time he was promoted first lieu- 
tenant, to date from March 30, 1864. 

In February, 1865, Lieutenant Lord took command 
of his battery, and participated in the operations about 
Petersburg. Virginia, and was engaged in the battle of 
Dinwiddie Court-House, March 31, 1865 ; battle of Five 
Forks, April I, 1865, and, while in pursuit of the enemy, 
in the actions at Lisbon Centre, High Bridge, Farmville, 
and Appomattox Court-House, at the surrender of Lee. 
He was brevetted first lieutenant July 1, 1862, for " gal- 
lant and meritorious services at the battle of Malvern 




Hill, Virginia;" captain, September 17, 1862, for "gal- 
lant and meritorious services at the battle of Antietam, 
Maryland," and major, April 9, 1865, "for gallant and 
meritorious services in action at Appomattox Court- 
House, Virginia." 

Lieutenant Lord was at the head-quarters of the 
Second Division, Cavalry Corps, as aide to General 
Crook, from June 22 to August 25, 1865, having been 
appointed captain on the volunteer staff. He then took 
command of a company at Fort McHeniy, Maryland, 
and in the fall of that year was transferred to the Pa- 
cific coast, serving at the Presidio, San Diego, and in 
garrison at the Presidio of San Francisco, as quarter- 
master of the Second Artillery, from May 1, 1867, to 
April 28, 1875. 

He was appointed captain and assistant quartermaster 
April 24, 1875, and since that time has served in various 
sections of the country, until promoted major, October 
4, 1889, when, shortly afterwards, he was ordered to San 
Francisco as depot quartermaster, which position he is 
filling at the present time. 



244 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND XAYY {regular) 




CAPTAIN GEORGE G. LOTT, U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain George G. Loir was born July 2, 1843, in 
Pennsylvania, lie is the son of Dr. Geo. W. Lott, for 
many years practising physician and surge* >n 1 if Columbia 
County, in that State, eminent in his profession, distin- 
guished for conspicuous and consistent loyalty to the 
national government, ever active in maintaining the 
supremacy of the same. A second son, Dr. John 11. 
Lott, late acting assistant surgeon United States Army, 
and practising physician and surgeon of Buffalo, 
W) oming. 

Captain Lott was a cadet at the Military Academy 
from July 1, 1861, to June 23, [862, when he was ap- 
pointed captain and aide-de-camp of volunteers, and 
reported for duty to Brigadier- General S. D. Sturgis, at 
Alexandria, Virginia, lie served with that officer from 
that time to March, [864; with Reserve Army Corps, 
comprising troops garrisoning the defences of Washing- 
ton, July S to August 22, 1S62; General Pope's army 
during the second Bull Run campaign, August 22 to 
September 2, [862; with Second Division, Ninth Corps, 
Army of the Potomac, through the .Maryland campaign, 
September, [862, and its march to and battle of Fred- 
ericksburg, Virginia, December [3, [862; its transfer to 
and services in Central and Eastern Kentucky to June, 
1863; with Central Division of Kentucky to September, 
1863 ; with Cavalry Corps, Army of the ( Ihio, operating 
in Eastern Kentucky and East Tennessee, to March, 
1864. In April, 1864, he was assigned to duty with 
Brigadier-General E. 11. Hobson, and served with that 
officer as member of his personal staff until May, 1865. 



He was with the Mounted Brigade and Second Division, 
Department of Kentucky, throughout the length and 
breadth of that State anil in West Virginia. Taken pris- 
oner at Keller's Bridge, Licking River, near Cynthiana, 
Kentucky, in engagement with Confederate forces under 
General John II. Morgan, June IO, 1864, and recaptured 
by United States forces two days later. 

< )ctober 2, 1864, he was in an engagement at Saltville, 
West Virginia, with Confederate forces under General 
John C. Breckenridge. In May, [865, he was assigned 
to duty with Brigadier-General Louis 1). Watkins, com- 
manding at Louisville, Kentucky, and served with that 
officer as member of his personal staff until mustered 
out of volunteer service. May 31, 1866. 

< )n the 7th of March, 1 807, he accepted the ap- 
pointment of second lieutenant Twenty-fourth U. S. 
Infantry. He appeared before the Board at Louisville, 
Kentucky, for examination, March 2j, 1867, and being 
duly commissioned, reported, under orders for duty at 
Newport Barracks, Kentucky, and subsequently joined 
his regiment June 3, [867, at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and 
served with regiment in Mississippi to March, 1869, 
when the regiment was transferred to Texas, where, 
April, 1869, the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-ninth Regi- 
ments were consolidated and afterwards known as the 
Sixteenth Infantry. 

He was promoted first lieutenant Twenty-fourth 
U. S. Infantry October 14, 1 80S, transferred to the 
Eleventh U. S. Infantry by reorganization of the army, 
April 25, 1869; regimental adjutant Eleventh U. S. 
Infantry November 1 1, 1874, to May 30, [886 ; promoted 
captain Eleventh U. S. Infantry June 1, 1886. 

Lieutenant Lott was judge-advocate of a general court- 
martial at Galveston, Texas, April ami May, 1869; with 
company at Jefferson, Texas, June, 1869, to June, 1870; 
commanding company and on the march to Fort Concho, 
Texas, June 6 to July 17, 1870; Fort Concho, Texas, 
Jul\-, 1870, to November 11, 1874; at Fort Richardson, 
Texas (regimental adjutant), to November, 1876; 01 route 
to Department of Dakota, November and December, 
1876; at Cheyenne Agency, Dakota, to December, 1879; 
.it Fort Sully, Dakota, to July, 1886; on general recruit- 
in- service at David's Island, New York harbor, July, 
1886, to ( ictober, 1 888; at Sackett's Harbor, New York, 
October, 1888, to July, 1889; at Plattsburgh Barracks, 
New York (commanding post and company), July, 1889, 
to December, 1889, when, as a result of examination by 
Retiring Board, was ordered home to await retirement, 
and he was retired from active service February 25, 1S91. 
Residence, Covington, Kentucky. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



245 



REAR-ADMIRAL STEPHEN BLEEKER LUCE. U.S.N. 

(RETIRED). 

Rear-Admiral Stephen Bleeker Luce has been 
upon so many stations, and in so man)" different kinds 
of duty, that it would he impossible, within our limited 
space, to enumerate them. He was born in New 
York ; entered the naval service as midshipman in 
1 84 1, when thirteen years and a half old. In 1S89, by 
operation of law, he was placed upon the retired list, 
having then a total sea-service of thirty-three years; 
other duty, twelve years and three months ; and " un- 
employed," one year, eleven months. While a midship- 
man he served in the Mediterranean and on the coast of 
Bra/il; and, from 1845 to 1848, in the "Columbus," 
74, circumnavigating the globe, visiting Japan, and 
serving on the coast of California during the Mexicm 
War. He next went to the Naval Academy, becoming 
passed midshipman in 1S48. After a three years' cruise 
in the Pacific, he was upon astronomical duty, the Home 
Squadron, and the Coast Survey, up to September, 1855, 
when he was promoted to be master, and to lieutenant 
the da)' after. After a cruise in the Gulf of Mexico and 
the West Indies, he went to the Naval Academy as 
assistant instructor. While there the Civil War broke 
out. Lieutenant Luce was ordered to the frigate 
" Wabash," on the Atlantic blockade, and in her took 
part in the actions at Hatteras Inlet and Port Royal. 
He commanded a howitzer launch of the " Wabash," in 
a reconnoissance in force, and an engagement at Port 
Royal Ferry, by combined military and naval forces. In 
January, 1862, he was ordered to the Naval Academy, 
which had been removed to Newport during the war, 
and in July of that year was commissioned lieutenant- 
commander. In the summer of 1863 he commanded 
the "Macedonian," on her practice cruise to Europe, 
and, upon his return, was ordered to the command of 
the monitor " Nantucket," of the North Atlantic Block- 
ading Squadron. 

While in command of " Nantucket" he engaged Forts 
Moultrie and Sumter a number of times. In August, 
1864, he was ordered to command the "Sonoma,'' 
double-ender, of the North Atlantic Squadron, but was 
almost immediately transferred to the command of the 
" Canandaigua," and from her to the " Pontiac," where 
he remained until June, 1865. While in command of the 
" Pontiac" engaged Battery Marshall. In January, 1865, 
reported to General Sherman, at Savannah, for duty in 
connection with army operations. With great difficulty 
got the " Pontiac" up to Sister's Ferry, forty miles above 
Savannah, and guarded the pontoon bridge there, while 




Slocum's wing passed into South Carolina. Lieutenant- 
Commander Luce next served as commandant of mid- 
shipmen at Annapolis; commanding, in 1866, the 
practice squadron of six vessels. In 1867 he com- 
manded the practice cruise, which extended to European 
waters, with three ships. In 1868 he took the same- 
squadron on a practice cruise, visiting West Point, and 
then going to Europe. He had been commissioned as 
commander in 1 866 ; commanded the " Mohongo," in 
the Pacific, and the "Juniata," of the European Squad- 
ron. In September, 1S72, he was serving as equipment 
officer at the Boston Navy- Yard, and was commissioned 
captain in December of that year. During the " Vir- 
ginias" excitement he was ordered to command the 
" Minnesota," but returned to his former duty in a short 
time. His next duty was the command of the "Hart- 
ford," from which he went to that of inspector of train- 
ing-ships, in which he has always shown an enlightened 
interest and fostering care. From January 1, 1878, to 
January 1,1881, he was in command of the "Minne- 
sota" training-ship, on our coast. From April, 1881, to 
January, 1884, he was in command of the Training 
Squadron, constantly cruising. Commodore in 1881, 
he was, the next year, ordered as president of the Com- 
mission on the Sale of the Navy-Yards. In Jul)-, 1884, 
he was ordered to the command of the North Atlantic 
Squadron, as acting rear-admiral ; and in September of 
the same year made president of the U. S. Naval War 
College, at Coaster's Harbor, Rhode Island. He was 
promoted to rear-admiral in October, 1885. From June, 
1886, to February, 18S9, he was in command of the 
North Atlantic Station. 



-4'"' 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




BRIGADIER-GENERAL RANALD S. MACKENZIE, 
U.S.A. (deceased). 

Brigadier-General Ranald S. M m kenzie was bom 
in Now York. He was a sun of Commodore Slidell 
Mackenzie, U. S. Navy. He graduated at the Military 
Academy June 17, 1862, and was promoted second lieu- 
tenant Corps of Engineers the same day. He served 
during the war of the Rebellion as assistant engineer of 
the Ninth Army Corps in the Northern Virginia cam- 
paign, and was engaged in the action of Kelly's Ford and 
battle of Manassas, where he was wounded, and for which 
lie received the brevet of first lieutenant August 29, [862, 
for gallant and meritorious services, 

lie left the field on account of wounds, and was on 
leave to October 19, 1862, when he w as attached to the 
Engineer Battalion in the Maryland campaign of the 
Army of the Potomac, and was engaged in constructing, 
repairing, and guarding bridges. He was in the Rap- 
pahannock campaign, and engaged in the battles ol 
Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. He was promoted 
first lieutenant March 5, [863, and was in the Pennsyl- 
vania campaign, in command of an engineer company, 
and was engaged in laying bridges ovei the Occoquan, 
and across the Potomac at Edwards' Ferry, and took 
part in the battle of Gettysburg. He participated in the 
subsequent campaigns of the Army of the Potomac as 
captain of engineers, laying and guarding bridges, 
making roads and reconnoissances, building block- 
houses, constructing rifle-trenches, and was engaged in 



the battle of the Wilderness, combat at Todd's Tavern, 
and battles about Spottsylvania, and while in command 
of his regiment was wounded in front of Petersburg 
June 22, 1864. 

Captain Mackenzie was appointed colonel of the 
Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery July 10, 1864, and, 
joining his regiment in the Sixth Army Corps, was 
engaged in defence of the national capital July 11-12, 
[864. He commanded a brigade in the Sixth Army 
Corps in the Shenandoah campaign, and was engaged in 
the battle of Opequan, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek, 
where he was wounded, and was on sick-leave from 
< Vtober 19 to November, [864. He then rejoined and 
commanded a brigade in the siege of Petersburg. He 
was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers October 19, 

1864, and commanded a cavalry division in the Army of 
the James during March and April, [865, and was en- 
gaged in the battle of Five Forks, pursuit of General 

I Ac's army, and skirmish and capitulation of Appomattox 
Court-House April 9, 1865. 

General Mackenzie was brevetted for gallant and meri- 
torious services as follows: First lieutenant August 29, 
1862, for Manassas; captain May 3, 1863, for Chancel- 
lorsville ; major July 4, 1863, for Gettysburg ; lieutenant- 
colonel June 18, [864, for Petersburg; colonel October 
19, 1864, for Cedar Creek ; brigadier-general March 13, 

1865, for services dining the Rebellion. He was also 
brevetted major-general of volunteers March 31, 1865, 
for " gallant and meritorious services during the Rebel- 
lie hi." 

At the close of the war he was stationed at Richmond, 
Virginia, commanding a cavalry division until August, 
1865; then he was placed on waiting orders to January 
15, 1866, at which time he was mustered out of the 
volunteer service. He was on leave of absence to Feb- 
ruary 8, 1866, when he was detailed as assistant engineer 
in the construction of the defences of Portsmouth harbor, 
New York, to May, 1X67. 

He was appointed colonel of the Forty-first U. S. 
Infantry March 6, i8r>7, and transferred to the Twenty- 
fourth Infantry March 15, 1869. He was transferred to 
the Fourth Cavalry December 15, 1870. He was ap- 
pointed a brigadier-general, U. S. Army, October 26, 
18S2, ami while in command of the Department of 
Texas was retired tor disability March 24, 1884. He 
died January 19, 1889, at New Brighton, Staten Island, 
New York. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



247 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET MAJOR JUNIUS W. MAC- 
MURRAY, U.S.A. 
Captain and Brevet Major Junius W. MacMur- 
RAY (First Artillery) was born near Carondelet, Missouri, 
May 1, 1843. He was educated for a civil engineer. He 
volunteered as a substitute in Company B, Engineer Bat- 
talion National Guard, State of Missouri, during the cam- 
paign of the Kansas border in Missouri, October, No- 
vember, and December, i860, under order of the Gov- 
ernor of the State. At the commencement of the war 
of the Rebellion, during the bombardment of Fort 
Sumter, South Carolina, he commenced recruiting volun- 
teers in the State of Missouri, under the call of the Presi- 
dent of the United States, but in opposition to the Gov- 
ernor of the State of Missouri. 1 le recruited a company, 
which was accepted for defence of the U. S. Arsenal at 
St. Louis, Missouri, and was sworn in with this company 
after midnight of April 20, 1861, in St. Louis Arsenal, by 
Captain Nathaniel Lyon, Second U. S. Infantry. Briga- 
dier-General Harney, commanding the Department of 
the West, refused to recognize the swearing in of volun- 
teers for this purpose by Captain Lyon, without authority 
from the Governor of Missouri; but the men and officers 
were retained in the arsenal, armed for its defence, and 
performing the duty of guards. On April 25, 1861, the 
command was sworn in by Lieutenant Rufus Saxton, 
Fourth Artillery, as Company B, Rifle Battalion, First 
Missouri Volunteers. Lieutenant Saxton not being a 
regularly-designated mustering officer, the company was 
again duly sworn into service April 29, [861, by Lieu- 
tenant John M. Schofield, First U. S. Artillery, mustering 
officer (major First Missouri Infantry Volunteers), as 
Company B, Saxton Rifle Battalion of the First Missouri 
Volunteers, of which MacMurray was second lieutenant. 
He was transferred to the First Missouri Light Artillery 
June 10, 1 861, and was promoted first lieutenant Sep- 
tember 1, 1 86 1. He served in the Western army, and 
was engaged in the blockade of the Mississippi River 
against steamers bringing munitions of war captured 
by Confederates at Baton Rouge Arsenal to St. Louis. 
He participated in the expedition to Southwest Missouri, 
and was afterwards on recruiting service and with his 
regiment at Camp of Instruction near St. Louis. lie 
participated in Fremont's expedition to Southwest Mis- 
souri, and was in the regular brigade from October, 1861, 
to February, 1862, when he was transferred to the Army 
of the Mississippi, and assigned to a cavalry division. 
He was engaged in the capture of Camp Jackson, with 
twelve hundred rebel prisoners, May 10, 1861 ; at the 
capture of Jefferson City, Missouri, June 15, 1861, and 
participated in the following actions, battles, and skir- 
mishes : Booneville, Missouri; Blackwater, Missouri; 
New Madrid and Island No. 10 ; with gun-boats at Point 
Pleasant, Fort Pillow, Farmington, siege of Corinth, 




Hatchie River, Jacinto, Rienzi, Blackland, Booneville, 
Tuscumbia, 1 lolly Springs, Iuka, Corinth, Davis's Bridge, 
The Hatchie, Ripley, Waterford, Lumpkin's Mills, Tal- 
lahatchie Bridge, Lamar, Coffeeville, Fort Hindman, Port 
Gibson, Bayou Pierre, Hankinson's Ferry, Raymond, 
Clinton, Jackson, Champion Hills, Big Black; assault, 
siege, and surrender of Vicksburg. 

Lieutenant MacMurray was promoted captain of First 
Missouri Light Artillery Nov. I, 1863 ; was at St. Louis 
to Feb., 1865; in charge of reconstruction of fortifica- 
tions at New Madrid, and served with the Powder River 
Indian Expedition, on the march from Franklin, Mis- 
souri, to the valley of the Powder River, Montana, from 
|une 1 to Nov. 12, 1865, having been engaged with 
Sioux, Cheyennes, and Arapahoes near Yellowstone 
River, in September. He was honorably mustered out 
of the volunteer service Nov. 20, 1865. 

Captain MacMurray entered the regular service Feb- 
ruary 2^, 1866, as second lieutenant of the first Artil- 
lery ; was promoted first lieutenant March 20, 1866, 
and was brevettcd captain for " gallant and meritorious 
services" in the siege of Corinth, and major for "gallant 
and meritorious services" in the siege of Vicksburg. He 
was also brevetted major of volunteers for " gallant and 
meritorious services," and lieutenant-colonel of volunteers 
for " gallant and meritorious services" dining the war. 

Since entering the regular army, Major MacMurray's 
service has been of both varied and important nature. 
His education as a civil engineer fitted him for many 
duties to which he has been assigned. He was professor 
of military science and tactics at the University of Mis- 
souri, at Columbia and Rolla, Missouri ; at Cornell Uni- 
versity, New York, and at Union College ; he made plans 
and estimates for sanitary system for Vancouver Bar- 
racks, and designed water system for that and other posts. 
Now on recruiting service at Binghamton, New York. 



248 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




CHIEF ENGINEER DAVID B. MACOMB. U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Chief Engineer David B. Macomb was horn near 
Tallahassee, Florida, February 27, 1827. He was 
appointed third assistant engineer in the navy January 
11, 1S49, from Pennsylvania. His first duty was in the 
office of the engineer-in-chief. Navy Department, Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1849-50; coast-survey steamer "Bibb," 
1850-51 ; promoted to second assistant engineer Febru- 
ary 26, 1 85 1, remaining attached to the coast-surveying 
steamer " Bibb," as her senior engineer, until December, 
1S52, and was then ordered to the steamer "John I lan- 
cock," attached to the squadron of the U. S. Exploring 
Expedition to the North Pacific Ocean, China and Japan 
Seas, under Acting Commodore Cadwalader Ringgold, 
U.S.N., which acted in conjunction with G imnii idi ire M. C. 
Perry, L'.S.X., in concluding the treaty of amity and com- 
merce with Japan, 1853-55 I promoted to first assistant en- 
gineer June 26, 185(1, and ordered to the steam-frigate 
"Wabash," flag-ship of Commodore Paulding, U.S.X., 
commanding tlie Home Squadron, 1856-57; ordered to 
duty on frigate " Saranac." attached to the Pacific Squad- 
ron, 1858-59; promoted to chief engineer September 21, 
i860; ordered to the steam-frigate" Niagara," which con- 
veyed the Japanese ambassadors back to Jeddo, now 
Tokio, Japan, i860. Returned to Boston April 23, 1S61, 
and then first learned that Fort Sumter had been fired 
upon and surrendered to the South Carolina State fori es, 
and that several other States had seceded from the 
Union. Tin; " Niagara" was immediately ordered to 
New York Navy- Yard, and, after taking on board some 
fresh stores and outfits, she left New York May 3, 1861, 
for blockade duty off Charleston, South Carolina, and 
Savannah. Georgia, being the first war-vessel ordered 
on that service. The " Niagara," being the flag-ship of 
Flag-Officer William W. McKean, was the leading vessel 



in the bombardment and reduction of Fort McRae and Pen- 
sacola Navy- Yard, October, 1861 ; detached from the" Ni- 
agara," February 23, 1 862, and March 9, 1 862 ; ordered to 
spei ial duty in superintending the building and fitting 
out of the iron-clad monitors " Nahant," " Nantucket." 
and "Canonicus," 1862-63, and upon the completion of 
the latter vessel was ordered as her chief engineer, and 
in Ma)', 1863, she was sent to Norfolk, Virginia, to join 
the James River fleet of iron-clads and gun-boats, and 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Acting 
Rear-Admiral S. P. Lee, U.S.N. , 1 863-64. The " Canoni- 
cus" was at the reduction of " Hewlett's House" bat- 
teries, June 21, 1864; and at battles of Dutch Gap and 
Deep Bottom, August 13, 1864; and before Fort Fisher 
December 25 and 25, 1S64; and at the final reduction 
and surrender of that place January 13-15. 1865; and 
immediately after the surrender (that night) the " Canoni- 
cus" and " Moiiadnock" were ordered off Charleston, 
South Carolina, to assist in the blockade of that place, 
and participated in the bombardment and occupation of 
Charleston by the Union forces, February 18, 1865, the 
"Canonicus" throwing the last hostile shot at the re- 
treating rebels on Sullivan's Island in the early morn of 
that day. After the evacuation, the " Canonicus" was 
sent in pursuit of the rebel iron-clad and ram " Stone- 
wall," and went to Havana, Cuba, in company with other 
vessels of that squadron, Commodore Sylvanus W. 
Goden, commanding; the "Canonicus" being the first 
American iron-clad to enter a foreign port. The "Canon- 
icus" returned to the United States June 26. 1865; in- 
spection duty in laying up the iron-clads at League Island, 
Philadelphia, and of government work and machinery at 
Baltimore, Maryland, 1865-66; duty at navy-yard, Pen- 
sacola, Florida, 1866-67; and at navy-yard, Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, 1868— 1870; steam-frigate "Tennessee," 
having on board the United States Commissioners sent 
by President Grant to San Domingo, 1871 ; fleet-engineer 
of the North Atlantic Fleet, 1871-73; again at navy- 
yard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1874-77. Again 
fleet-engineer of the North Atlantic Station, 1877-79; 
and duty at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1879-82 ; presi- 
dent of the Board organized under Act of Congress, 
August 5, 1S82, for survey and appraisal of the great 
amount of accumulated stores and material during .md 
since the war, 1882—83 ; on duty at the navy-yard, Boston, 
Massachusetts, 1S84-89. Retired February 2J , 1889, with 
the relative rank of commodore, having arrived at the age 
ol sixty-two and served fort)- years and over in active- 
service. 

The residence of Commodore Macomb is in North 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, where, in the society of his 
wife, daughters, and grandchildren, and with his books 
and papers, he endeavors to enjoy the remainder of a 
life spent in the service of his country. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



H9 



CAPTAIN WILLIAM R. MAIZE, U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain William R. Maize was born in Indiana, 
Pennsylvania, February 14, 1844. At the commence- 
ment of the war of the Rebellion he entered the volun- 
teer service as private of Company K, Nineteenth Penn- 
sylvania Infantry, April 18, 1861, and was discharged 
August 9, 1861. He re-entered the volunteer service 
August 27, 1 861, as second lieutenant of the Seventy- 
eighth Pennsylvania Infantry ; was promoted first lieu- 
tenant September 1, 1863, and mustered out November 
4, 1864. 

I Ie served in the field as aide-de-camp to the brevet 
brigadier-general commanding the Third Brigade, Sec- 
ond Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, during the cam- 
paign from Murfreesborough, Tennessee, to Chicka- 
maugua and Chattanooga, in 1863 ; and was on the 
staff of the First Division Fourteenth Army Corps, 
with Brevet Major-Generals R. W. Johnson, John H. 
King, and William P. Carlin, during the campaign from 
Chattanooga, Tennessee, to Atlanta and Jonesborough, 
Georgia, in 1864. 

He entered the regular service as second lieutenant 
of the Second Infantry, April 23, 1866; was promoted 
first lieutenant January 22, 1867, and transferred to the 
Twentieth Infantry April 2, 1870. Lie was brevetted 
captain March 2, 1867, for "gallant and meritorious 
services in the battle of Stone River, Tennessee." 

Captain Maize served at Carlisle Barracks, as adju- 
tant, quartermaster, and commissar)-, until 1870, when he 
joined at Fort Ransom, Dakota Territory. His station 
was changed to Fort Abercrombie, where he remained 
until 1 87 1, when he was transferred to Fort Wadsworth, 
Dakota Territory, where he did duty as commissary and 
quartermaster until 1873. 

He was then ordered to Fort Pembina, where he was 
post adjutant to May, 1875. Then he was stationed at 
Fort Seward, Dakota Territory, where he was depot 




and post quartermaster and commissary to August, 
1876. 

Captain Maize's regiment being transferred to Texas, 
we find him at Fort Brown to January, 1879; at Fort 
Ringgold in the summer of 1880 ; at Fort Hays, Kansas, 
tn May, 1882, performing, while there, the duties of quar- 
termaster and commissary. He was then at Fort Riley, 
Kansas, during the balance of the year 1882. His regi- 
ment was then transferred to the Department of Dakota, 
and the captain was stationed at F~ort Maginnis until 
August, 1886, when he was ordered to Camp Poplar 
River, Montana, remaining there to 1887. He was then 
made inspector of Indian supplies at Fort Peck, Indian 
Agency. 

Lie was promoted captain Twentieth Infantry, May 6, 
1882, and on March 19, 1888, was ordered to his home 
tn await retirement on account of disability, having been 
examined and recommended for retirement by a Retiring 
Board, but he was not placed on the retired list until 
February 24, 1891. 



250 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular* 




CAPTAIN AND BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL 
GARRICK MALLERY, U.S.A. (retired). 

< \n vin and Brevet Lieutenant-Coi i inel ( i vrrick 
Mali ery was born in Pennsylvania April 23, [831. He 
is the son of the President Judge of Circuit Court of 
Pennsylvania, and in direct line from Peter Mallery, who 
arrived in Boston, from England, in 1638. Several ances- 
tors were military officers in the Colonial service and in 
the Revolutionary War. Through his mother he was 
descended from William Maclay, first U. S. Senator from 
Pennsylvania, lie was graduated at Yale College in 
1850; in 1 s 5 3 was admitted to the bai of Philadelphia, 
where he practised law until the first call for troops in 
the Civil War. 

He entered the volunteer service as captain of the 
Seventy-first Pennsylvania Infantry June 4, [861, and 
was engaged in the actions of Lewinsville, Munson's 
Hill, Falls Church, and Hall's Bluff, Virginia, and was 
detailed as acting assistant adjutant-general of brigadi 
Octobi 1 23, 1 86 1. In the early part of [862 he returned 
to the command of his company, and was engaged in the 
battles of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, Peach Orchard (where 
he commanded the left wing of his regiment), and Savage 
Station, He was there taken prisoner, having recei 
two severe wounds and left on the field, from whence lie- 
was taken to Libby Prison. He was honorably mustered 
out February 16, 1863, to accept the appointment of 
lieutenant-colonel of the Thirteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, 
and commanded the regiment in thei ngagement \ of Win- 
chester, Culpeper, and others, in Virginia, in 1863-64, 
and was honorably mustered out July 15, 1864, having 
been appointed lieutenant colonel in the Veteran Reserve 
Corps July 1, (864. He commanded a Provisional Regi- 
ment in Jul_\-, 1864, in the defence oi Washington again 1 
Early, and was engaged near Fort Stevens. 



Colonel Mallei}- next served on various duties, and 
commanded his regiment in Maine and Vermont to 
January, 1866, and then was acting inspector-general, 
assistant adjutant- general, and assistant commissioner of 
Bureau of R., F., and A. I.., in Virginia. Was appointed 
captain of the Forty-third U. S. Inf. July 28, 1S66, and 
was brevetted major, U. S. Arm)', for " gallant and meri- 
torious services in a skirmish at Garnett's Farm, Virginia;" 
and lieutenant-colonel, U. S. Arm)-, for " gallant anil 
meritorious services at battle of Peach Orchard, Vir- 
ginia." 1 Ie was also brevetted colonel of U. S. Volunteers 
lor "gallant and meritorious services during the war." 

From September, iSf>j, to March, 1868, he commanded 
his company, and part of the time the regiment, at Fort 
Wayne, Michigan, then was detailed as judge-advocate 
of First Military District, State of Virginia, and also 
secretary of state and adjutant-general of Virginia, with 
the rank of brigadier-general, until February 15, 18711, 
some of the time being acting governor of Virginia. In 
August, 1870, he reported to the office of chief signal- 
officer, I". S. Army, at Washington, and was for long 
periods acting chief signal- officer, until August, [876, 
when, having been assigned to the First U. S. Infantry 
(December 15, I 870), he was ordered to Fort Rice, Da- 
kota, where he made investigations into the sign-language, 
pictographs, and mythologies of the North American 
Indians, resulting in an order of the Secretary of War 
(June 13, 1S77) to report to Major J. W. Powell, in charge 
of the Survey of the Rocky Mountain region. On Julv 
I, 1879, he was retired tor wounds received in line of 
(lilt)', and accepted appointment of ethnologist of the 
Bureau of Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, which he 
now 1 1 892) holds. 

Colonel Mallerv is an honorary or active member of 
several scientific and literary societies in Europe as well 
as the United States, and was a founder and president of 
the Anthropological Society and of the Cosmos Club, 
both of Washington ; also president of the Philosophical 
So, iety and of the Literary Society of Washington, and 
vice-president of the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, and is now president of the joint 
commission of the five scientific societies of Washington. 
IK- has contributed largely to periodical literature, but 
his most important works, some of which have been 
ii.Mi lated, are the following :" A Calendar of the Dakota 
Nation" (1877) ; " The Former and Present Number of 
our Indians" (1878); "A Collection of Gesture-Signs 
and Signals of the N. A. Indians, with some Compari- 
sons" (1880); "Sign Language among N. A. Indians 
compared with that among Other Peoples and Deaf 
Mutes" (1881); "Pictographs of the N. A. Indians" 
(1886); "Manners and Meals" 1 [888); " Philosophy and 
Specialties" (1889) ; "Israelite and Indian, a Parallel in 
Planes of Culture" I 1889). 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



251 



COMMANDER H. DE HAVEN MANLEY, U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Commander Manley was born in Chester, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 20, 1839, being the son of the late 
Hon. Charles I). Manley. Appointed to the Nav.il Ai ad 
emy in September, 1856, and graduated in June, [860, 
as a midshipman. He was then ordered to the U. S. S. 
" Brooklyn," and was detailed as assistant hydrographer 
to Lieutenant Jeffers, U.S.N., in the survey <>f the 
Chiriqui Lagoon. This duty was completed in the fall 
of i860. 

The war of the Rebellion was then imminent, and 
naval vessels had been so scattered that, when the gov- 
ernment wished to reinforce Fort Pickens, Florida, the 
" Brooklyn" was almost the only vessel available. She was 
sent on this duty, in which Midshipman Manley bore an 
active part. After this the " Brooklyn" went to the 
"passes" of the Mississippi, being the first vessel on the 
blockade of New Orleans. Midshipman Manley was 
made prize-master of her first capture, which he took' 
tu Key West, Florida. 

After delivering his prize, Midshipman Manley was 
ordered to the frigate "Congress," .11 Newport News, 
Virginia, having been promoted to the rank of master. 
The "Congress" was quite short of officers, and during 
the memorable fight with the rebel ironclad " Merri- 
mac," on March 8, [862, Manley commanded the three 
gun divisions mi the " Congress's" main-deck, mu\ was 
slightly wounded. llis commanding officer, the sur- 
vivor uf the fight, Lieutenant Austin Pendergrast, ex- 
pressed in his letter his appreciation of his (Manley's) 
noble behavior on that occasion, and praised highly his 
"bravery, coolness, and skill" in the performance <il 
his duties. 

Midshipman Manley was next ordered to the navy- 
yard at Philadelphia, ti 1 recuperate Ir t he strain of such 

a murderous engagement, and from his labors in land- 
ing the survivors. Hut, desiring active service afloat, he 
was ordered to the steam-sloop " Canandaigua," then 
on the blockade off Charleston ; about which time he 
was promoted to a lieutenancy. 

Lieutenant Manley commanded the howitzer, boats, 
and landing party from the "Canandaigua" at the cap- 
ture and occupation of Morris Island, via Stono Inlet, 
and was engaged in all the lights which occurred during 
the operations of Admirals Dupont and Dahlgren with 
Forts Sumter, Wagner, and Moultrie, and the Confed- 
erate batteries on Morris and Sullivan's Islands which 
contributed to the defence of Charleston. While at 
tached to the "Canandaigua" he had temporary com- 
mand of that vessel and of the " Nipsic," and for several 
months was commanding and senior officer of the off- 
shore blockade at Charleston, having four vessels under 
his command. 




Alter twn years oi this hard service he went North 
on a short furlough, and was then ordered to the " State 
of Georgia," on the same blockade. 

While in temporary command uf this ship he was 
ordered to Fortress Monroe to convey to the govern 
incut the news of the evacuation of Charleston by the 
Ci mfederates. 

Upon returning to the station he was transferred to the 
U. S. monitor " Canonicus," which was one of the squad- 
ron which went to Havana to seize the Confederate ram 
" Stonewall," then in that pent. 

Winn the war closed, Lieutenant Manley returned to 
Philadelphia in the "Canonicus," which was put out of 
ci immission. 

Lieutenant Manley became a lieutenant-commander 
in 1866, and commander in April, 1874. Under these 
commissions he was assigned to varied and responsible 
duties. 

In [865-66 he was executive officer of the frigate 
"Sabine," and in 1867-68 was attached to the " Frank- 
lin," the flag-ship of .Admiral Farragut, in Europe. He 
afterwards served in the flag-ship " Lancaster," Brazil 
Station, under Admiral Lanman, and was in command 
of the "Wasp." Was both pupil and instructor at the 
Newport Torpedo Station, and on ordnance duty at 
Washington. 

Commanded the I'. S. S. "Ranger" on the Asiatic 
Station, and returned thence in command of the "Alert" 
to San Francisco, — having thus circumnavigated the 
globe. 

He returned in impaired health, and was then or- 
dered to dutyat the War Records Office in the Navy 
Department. Here he remained until January, 1883, 
when he was retired from active service on account of 
ill-health and loss of hearing, induced by exposure in the 
line of duty. 



252 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY {regular) 




CAPTAIN MATTHIAS C. MARIN, U.S.N, (retired). 

Captain Matthias C. Marin is a native of Florida, 
and was appointed a midshipman from that State in 
January, 1832. He served in the schooners "Spark" 
and " Porpoise" on the coast of Florida, and in the West 



Indies, and, afterwards, in the sloop-of-war " John 
Adams," in the Mediterranean, until 1837. In June, 
1838, he was promoted passed midshipman, and, after 
some duty at the Naval Rendezvous at New York, 
served in the Florida war, in the schooner " Flirt," 
1839-40 ; and in the sloop-of-war "Vandalia," Home 
Squadron, 1S41-43. Commissioned a lieutenant in 
March, 1844. Served, for two years, in the " Yorktown," 
on the coast of Africa, and in 1846-47, in the steamer 
"Scourge," during the Mexican War. Was present at 
the capture of Alvarado and Tlacotalpam, the capture of 
Tuxpan, and the capture of Tabasco. After the Mexi- 
can War he was for some time upon the Coast Survey, 
and in 1852-53 served in the sloop-of-war " Levant," in 
the Mediterranean. After this he was stationed at the 
navy-yard, Pensacola ; and, about the breaking out of 
the Civil War, was attached to the " Macedonian." 

Commissioned commander October, 1861, and com- 
manded the sloop-of-war " St. Louis," on special service, 
in 1862-63. In 1864-65, he was upon ordnance duty at 
the navy-yard at Boston. Was commissioned captain, 
on the retired list, March, 1867. Was upon special duty 
at Maiden, Massachusetts, in 1S69-70. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



253 



COMMODORE W. P. McCANN, U.S.N, (retired). 

Commodore W. P. McCann was born in Kentucky 
on May 4, 1830, and appointed midshipman from that 
State in 1848; was attached to frigates " Raritan" and 
" Columbia," in the Gulf and West Indies, and in the 
Pacific, until 1853, when he was ordered to the Naval 
School. Passed midshipman June, 1854, and made a 
cruise of three years and three months in the Pacific ; 
commissioned lieutenant in September, 1855 ; served in 
the frigate " Sabine," as lieutenant and navigator, in the 
Paraguay Expedition, and afterwards in the West Indies 
and Gulf of Mexico. At breaking out of Rebellion the 
"Sabine" (April 14-15, 1 861) reinforced Fort Pickens 
with marines and sailors, and afterwards assisted in land- 
ing the force under Colonel Harvey Brown; afterwards, 
during blockade of South Carolina coast, the "Sabine" 
rescued the battalion of marines from the steamer 
"Governor," which vessel foundered; in the gun-boat 
" Maratanza," from April to October, 1862, during which 
time saw constant and exciting service in co-operating 
with the Army of the Potomac, from Yorktown to Mal- 
vern Hill ; made capture of rebel gun-boat " Teaser" and 
several blockade-runners, and other most important 
service. Made lieutenant-commander Jul}-, 1S62; severe 
engagement with Whitworth battery, at Fort Caswell ; 
ordered to command " Hunchback," in Sounds of North 
Carolina, October, 1862. In the following March the 
" Hunchback" performed distinguished service at the 
battle of New Peine, for which Lieutenant-Commander 
McCann received special commendation in the official 
reports. In April, 1863, he had command of five gun- 
boats, and was frequently engaged with batteries in the 
Sounds, and other duties. 

In November, 1863, he was ordered to command the 
" Kennebec," West Gulf Blockading Squadron. While 
serving on blockade of Mobile had frequent engage- 
ments with batteries and Fort Morgan, while attacking 
stranded blockade-runners ; mentioned in congratulatory 
order by Admiral Farragut, for the destruction of the 
" Ivanhoe," under the guns of Battery G and Fort 
Morgan. The " Kennebec" captured at sea three loaded 
blockade-runners, with valuable cargoes, and rebel offi- 
cers on board. At the battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 
1 864, the " Kennebec" was lashed to the " Monongahela," 
fifth in line of battle, and in that position ran by the fort 
and engaged the enemy's vessels. Had several men 
wounded by shell from the " Tennessee," while in contact 
with that vessel, after ramming her in conjunction with 
the " Monongahela." The " Kennebec's" anchor carried 
off the " Tennessee's" boat, davits, and falls. Soon after 
a 10-inch shell from Fort Morgan struck the "Kenne- 
bec's" quarter, but did little harm, except knocking down 
one man. That night she pursued the " Morgan," which 
had escaped, and got into shoal water at " Dog River Bar." 




From February to August, 1865, Lieutenant-Commander 
McCann was in command of the " Tahoma," which was 
disabled in a gale in the Gulf Stream; Naval Academv, 
1866; command of" Tallapoosa;" naval rendezvous, and 
navy-yard, Philadelphia, to 1870; light-house inspector, 
and commanding " Nipsic" up to August, 1872. 

July 2, 1872, commissioned commander, from July, 
1866; advanced sixteen numbers; navy-yard, Norfolk, 
and light-house inspector up to November 1, 1876. 
Commissioned captain September 21, 1876; com- 
manding "Lackawanna," in Pacific; receiving-ship 
" Independence," California ; and flag-ship " Pensacola," 
Pacific, up to August, 1S82. Court-martial duty at 
Washington, Hong-Kong, China, Panama, and Boston, 
1883; member of Light-House Board from 1883 to 
1887, and, in addition, president of Naval Advisory 
Board from 1885 to 1887. Promoted to commodore 
January 26, 1887. Served full term as commandant of 
Boston Navy- Yard, and in addition as president of the 
Navy- Yard Site Commission, and president of a Board 
on the Policy for the Increase of the Navy. 

Our space prevents more than a glance at Commodore 
McCann's part in recent events which brought his name 
prominently before the country. 

In August, 1890, he was ordered to command the 
South Atlantic Station, with rank of acting rear-admiral. 
When the revolution in Chili occurred in 1891, the 
South Pacific was embraced in his command. Upon his 
arrival there he was engaged in protecting American 
interests; at the same time initiating negotiations for 
peace between the contending parties in the civil war, 
which, unfortunately, had no result. We can only say 
that his course throughout was approved by the Navy 
Department and by the government. In May, 1892, 
Commodore McCann was retired by operation of the 
law governing the retirements. 



254 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




REAR-ADMIRAL E. Y. McCAULEY, U.S.N. 
(retired). 

Rear-Admiral Edward Yorke McCauley was born 
in Pennsylvania November 2, 1827, and was appointed a 
midshipman from that State in September, 1841. He 
served in the Mediterranean Squadron from 1S41 to 1845, 
and then in the frigate " United States," on the African 
Station, from [846 to 1848. 

lie was promoted to passed midshipman August 10, 
1S47, and was again in the Mediterranean, in the frigate 
"Constitution," for three years. Passed Midshipman 
McCauley had ,1 great facility in the languages spoken 
on the shores of the Mediterranean, ami was a most use- 
ful officer there, on that account, in addition to his naval 
acquirements. He served in the steam-frigate "Pow- 
hatan," in East Indies and China, 1852-56, and present 
at the attack on pirates, in China Sea, in 1855. 

lie was commissioned lieutenant September 14, 1855. 



During 1856-57 he was attached to the receiving-ship 
at Philadelphia. When the memorable "cable expedi- 
tion" took place, in 1857-58, he served on board the 
steam-frigate " Niagara." 

On August 19, 1859, while on duty at the Naval ( )b- 
servatory at Washington, he resigned from the service; 
but upon the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion, 
in 1 861, he re-entered, with the rank of acting lieutenant, 
and was attached to the steamer " Flag," of the South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, during 1861-62. 

He was commissioned lieutenant-commander in the 
regular service on Jul)' 16, 1 862, and commanded the 
steamer " Fort Henry," of the East Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, 1.S62-63. During this time he made a boat 
attack upon Bayport, Florida, and two skirmishes with 
the enemy. In 1S63-64 he commanded the gun-boat 
"Tioga," of tlie East Gulf Blockading Squadron, and in 
1864-65 the gun-boat "Benton," of the Mississippi 
Squadron. 

In 1S66-67 he was on "special duty" in Philadelphia, 
having been commissioned as commander in 1 S66. 
During a part of the years 1 S67-6S he served as fleet- 
captain of the North Atlantic Squadron, and then was 
■ it the navy-yard at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, for 
two years. After this he was stationed at the Naval 
Academy, Annapolis, during 1871-72. 

lie was commissioned captain September 4, 1872, and 
commanded the steam-sloop "Lackawanna," on the 
Asiatic Station, from 1S72 to 1S75. From 1S75 to 187S 
he was on duty at the Boston Navy- Yard, and from 1S7S 
to 1S80 at the Naval Asylum at Philadelphia. 

He was promoted to commodore August 1, 1881, and 
was commandant at League Island in 1SS4-S5. 

He was promoted to rear-admiral in March, 1885, and 
commanded the Pacific Station during [885-86. 

He was retired on his own application, under the law, 
in January, 1887. 



WHO SERVED FN THE CIVIL WAR. 



-55 



COLONEL-COMMANDANT CHARLES G. McCAWLEY, 
U.S.M.C. (deceased). 

Colonel-Commandant Charles G. McCawley was 

born in Pennsylvania, but appointed from Louisiana ; 
commissioned as second lieutenant March 3, 1847; > n 
June ordered to join battalion of marines for service u ith 
army in Mexico; participated in the storming of the 
Castle of Chapultepec and taking of the City of Mexico ; 
brevetted first lieutenant, for gallant and meritorious con- 
duct in these actions, September 13, 1847; in August, 

1848, was ordered for duty at marine barracks, Phila- 
delphia ; December, [848, marine barracks, Boston; July, 

1849, "Cumberland," Mediterranean Squadron; March, 

1850, at Naples, to razee " Independence ;" August, 1852, 
marine barracks, Philadelphia; fune, 1853, " Princeton," 
Home Squadron. Promoted first lieutenant January 2, 
1855 ; July, 1855, marine barracks. New York; Decem- 
ber, 1855, marine barracks, Boston; July, 1857, "Mis- 
sissippi ;" detached and ordered to Philadelphia ; De- 
cember, 1857, "Jamestown," at Philadelphia, for Home 
Squadron; March, i860, marine barracks, Philadelphia; 
December, i860, "Macedonian," Home Squadron, At- 
lantic coast, West Indies, and Spanish Main ; January, 
1862, marine barracks, Boston ; detached immediately 
and ordered to join battalion of marines at Bay Point, 
South Carolina; April, 1 862, returned with battalion to 
Washington. Received commission as captain July 26, 
1861 ; ordered in command at head-quarters; May, [862, 
ordered with detachment of two hundred men to reoccupy 
the Norfolk Navy- Yard; hoisted the flag again on the 
part of the navy ; October, 1862, ordered to head-quarters, 
Washington, D. C. ; in command until Jul}-, 1863 ; ordered 
to join battalion of marines, for service in South Atlantic 
Squadron; served with same on Morris Island during 
bombardment and destruction of Fort Sumter, and cap- 
ture of Forts Wagner and Gregg; commanded a detach- 




ment of one hundred men and officers in the boat attack 
on Fort Sumter September 8, 1863; received a brevet as 
major for gallant and meritorious conduct in this action ; 
served on Foil)- Island, and, in December, 1863, battalion 
returned to Philadelphia ; marine barracks, Philadelphia. 
Promoted major June io, 1864; ordered to marine ren- 
dezvous, Philadelphia; March, 1865, ordered to command 
marine barracks, Boston. Promoted to lieutenant-colonel 
December 5, 1867; August, 1871, ordered to command 
marine barracks, Washington, D. C. ; June, appointed 
superintendent of recruiting, in addition to other duty; 
ordered to New York to attend to organizing the recruit- 
ing service ; returned to Washington November, 1872. 
Promoted colonel-commandant of the U. S. Marine Corps 
November 1, 1876; head-quarters U.S. Marine Corps, 
1 876-90. 

Colonel McCawley was retired, by operation of law, on 
account of age, in 1891. He died, soon after his retire- 
ment, at Rosemont, Pennsylvania, on October 13, 1891. 



256 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE B. McCLELLAN (deceased). 

Major- General George B. McClellan was born in 
Pennsylvania, and graduated from the Military Academy 
July 1, 1846. He was promoted brevet second lieutenant 
Corps of Engineers the same day, and second lieutenant 
April 24, 1 S47. lie served in the war with Mexico, at- 
tached to the company of sappers, miners, and pontoniers, 
participating in opening the road from Matamoras to 
Tampico, ami engaged in the siege of Vera Cruz, battle 
of Cerro Gordo, skirmish of Amozoquc, battles of Con- 
treras and Churubusco, constructing batteries against 
Chapultepec, and assault and capture of the City of 
Mexico, September 13-14, 1S47. lie was brevetted first 
lieutenant August 20, I 847, for " gallant and meritorious 
conduct in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco," and 
captain September 8, 1847, for "gallant and meritorious 
conduct in the battle of Molino del Key," which he de- 
clined. He was then brevetted captain September 13, 
1S47, for "gallant and meritorious conduct in the battle 
of Chapultepec, Mexico." 

Captain McClellan was ordered to West Point, New 
York, at the close of the Mexican War, attached to the 
company of engineer troops, part of the time in com- 
mand, and then was assistant engineer in the construction 
of Fort Delaware to 1S52. He was then detailed as 
engineer of an exploring expedition to the sources of the 
Red River of Texas ; after which he was chief engineer of 
the Department of Texas, and in charge of surveys of 
rivers and harbors on the Gulf coast to 1 S53 ; was en- 
gineer for exploring and survey of the Western Division 
of the Union Pacific Railroad through the Cascade Moun- 
tains in 1853-54. 



He was promoted captain First Cavalry Alarch 3, 1855, 
and was detailed as a member of the military commis- 
sion to the "Theatre of War in Europe," in 1855-56, his 
official report being published by order of Congress in 
1857, embracing his remarks upon the operations in 
the Crimea. He resigned from the army January 16, 
1857. 

Captain McClellan then became chief engineer of the 
Illinois Central Railroad, and subsequently vice-president 
of the same; and in i860 was president of the St. Louis 
ami Cincinnati Railroad. When the Rebellion began he 
was made major-general ofOhio volunteers April 23, 1861, 
and major-general U. S. Army May 14, 1861. He served 
in the Department of the Ohio, and was engaged in the 
action of Rich Mountain, West Virginia, July 1 1, [861, 
and, by a forced march upon the rebel camp, compelled 
General Pegram's surrender July 12, 1861. 

The thanks of Congress were tendered General McClel- 
lan, Julv 16, 1861, for " the series of brilliant and decisive 
victories" achieved by his army over the rebels "on the 
battle-fields of West Virginia." 

General McClellan was then called to the command of 
the Division of the Potomac August 17, of the Army of 
the Potomac August 20, and as general-in-chief of the 
Armies of the United States November 1, 1S61. He 
participated in the advance on Manassas, in command of 
the Army of the Potomac, and in the Virginia Peninsula 
campaign, being engaged in the siege of Yorktown, occu- 
pation of Williamsburg, battle of Fair Oaks ; the battles 
of the Seven Days, with change of base to the James 
River, from June 26 to July 2, 1862. He was in com- 
mand of the defences of Washington, and in the Mary- 
land campaign, in command of the Army of the Potomac, 
from September 7 to November 10, and was engaged in 
the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, and march to 
Warrenton. 

At this time he was relieved of his command, and was 
waiting orders at New York City November 8, 1S64, 
during which time he was nominated by the Chicago 
Convention as a candidate for President of the United 
States, but was defeated at the election in 1864 by Presi- 
dent Abraham Lincoln. Heresigned November 8, 1S64, 
and resided in New York City for a time, but subse- 
quently established himself in a home at Orange, New 
Jersey. 

General McClellan translated from the French a " Man- 
ual of Bayonet Exercises," adopted for the U. S. Army 
in 1852. He edited his own " Personal Memoirs," which 
were not published until after his death, which took place 
on October 29, 1885, at Orange, New Jersey. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



>-S7 



CAPTAIN AND BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL 
SAMUEL McCONIHE, U.S.A. 

Captain and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel 
McConihe (Fourteenth Infantry) was born in New 
Hampshire, September 8, 1836. He graduated at the 
Union College, Schenectady, New York, in the Class 
of 1856, as Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts, and 
during the war of the Rebellion entered the volunteer 
service as captain of the Ninety-third New York Infantry, 
January 9, 1S62; he was promoted major December 
3, 1863, and colonel of the same September 7, 1804. 
Although he was commissioned as colonel by the Gov- 
ernor of New York, he could not muster-in, owing to the 
reduced numbers in his regiment, but he exercised the 
command of his regiment as colonel from the time ap- 
pointed until he was mustered out, February 15, 1865, 
and his rank was acknowledged in the Army Register of 
1867, but not since. 

Colonel McConihe was in the field with the Army of 
the Potomac, and participated in all its campaigns, from 
the commencement of the year 1862 to the close of the 
war, and was engaged at the siege of Yorktown and 
battle of Williamsburg ; the battles of Antietam, Freder- 
icksburg, and Chancellorsville ; the battles of the Wil- 
derness (commanding regiment), Spottsylvania, North 
Anna, Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor; action at Strawberry 
Plains; battles of Deep Bottom, Poplar Spring Church, 
Petersburg, and first Boydton Road ; the battles of 
Hatcher's Run and second Boydton Road; and was 
brevetted colonel and brigadier-general of volunteers 
March 1 3, 1865, for " conspicuous gallantry in the battles 
of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania, and for gallant and 
meritorious services during the war." 

He was guard at the head-quarters of the army in 
September, 1862, and served at Richmond, Virginia, in 
1865. 

Colonel McConihe entered the regular service as 




second lieutenant of the Fourteenth Infantry February 
23, 1866, and was promoted first lieutenant the same 
day. He joined his regiment on the Pacific coast, and 
served with it there until 1870, when the regiment was 
transferred to the Department of the Platte, he serving 
there and in the Department of the Missouri to 1S85, 
when he was sent to the Department of the Columbia, 
remaining there until September 8, 1890, at which time 
he was ordered to the Department of the Missouri, and 
stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where he is at 
the present time. 

He was promoted captain of the Fourteenth Infantry 
February 25, 1876. 

L T pon entering the regular service, he was brevetted 
captain March 2, 1867, for "gallant and meritorious 
services in the battle of the Wilderness, Virginia ;" 
major March 2, 1867, for "gallant and meritorious ser- 
vices in the battle of Spottsylvania, Virginia;" and lieu- 
tenant-colonel March 2, 1867, for " gallant and merito- 
rious services during; the war." 



33 



> 5 S 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NA VY ireculak) 




BRIGADIER- AND BREVET MAJOR-GENERAL ALEX- 
ANDER McD. McCOOK, U.S.A. 

Brigadier- and Brevet Major- General Alexander 
McD. Mi Cook was born in Ohio April 22, [831, and 
graduated at the Military Academy July 1, 1852. He was 
promoted brevet second lieutenant Third Infantry the 
same day; second lieutenant June 30, 1854; first lieuten- 
ant Dec. 6, 1858; and captain May 14, 1S61. He served 
at Newport Barracks and Jefferson Barracks until 1853, 
when he was ordered on frontier duty at Fort Fillmore, 
New Mexico, and was scouting against Apache Indians in 
1854. I Ie was stationed at Fort Union, and participated 
in an expedition against Utah and Apache Indians, on 
commissary duty, in 1855, being engaged in the actions of 
Sauwatchie Pass and Arkansas River. Was at Canton- 
ment Burgwin, New Mexico, in [855-56; on the Gila Ex- 
pedition, as chief of guides, and engaged in action on the 
Gila River, June 27, 1856; on leave of absence 1857-58, 
and at the Military Academy, as assistant instructor «,f 
infanta- tactics, from Feb. 12. 1858, to April 24, 1S61. 

At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion he 

.ned as mustering and disbursing officer at Columbus, 

Ohio, and in the defences of Washington City, May to 

July, [86l, and was engaged in the action of Vienna, 

June 17, and in the battle of Bull Run, fuly 21, 1861. 

Me was appointed colonel of the First Ohio Volun- 
teers, to date from April 16, 1861, and was employed in 
recruiting and organizing his regiment at Dayton. He was 
mustered out of the volunteer service August 2, 1 861, and 
reappointed colonel of the First Ohio Volunteers August 
10, i86i,and appointed brigadier-general of volunteers 
September 3, 1861. He commanded a brigade in the 
Department of the Cumberland, and participated in the 
operations in Kentucky, October to December, 1861. 
He was then assigned to the command of a division in 
the Army of the < >hio, participating in the movement to 



Nashville and Pittsburg Landing, in the battle of Shiloh, 
advance upon and siege of Corinth, operations in North 
Alabama, and movement through Tennessee to Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, June to September, 1S62. 

General McCook was appointed major-general of vol- 
unteers Jul\- 17, 1S62, and was assigned to the command 
of the First Corps, Army of the Ohio, and participated 
in the advance into Kentucky in October, 1X62, and was 
engaged in the battle of Perryville and march to the 
relief of Nashville, October, 1862. He was in command 
of Nashville, Tennessee, November and December, 1862, 
and was then placed in command of the right wing of 
the Fourteenth Corps from December 14, 1862, to Janu- 
ary 12, 1863; and of the Twentieth Corps from January 
to October, 1863. He was in the Tennessee campaign, 
anil was engaged in several skirmishes on the march to 
Murfreesborough, in the battle of Stone River, combat of 
Liberty Gap (in command), advance on Tullahoma, cross- 
ing the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, 
ami in battle of Chickamauga. He was awaiting orders 
from October, 1863, to November, 1864, being engaged, 
while at Washington City, in the defence of the Capital, 
July 11-12, [864; and in the Middle Military Division 
from November, 1 864, to February, 1865. Commanded 
the District of Eastern Arkansas from Feb. to May, 1865. 

He was brevetted for gallant and meritorious services: 
lieutenant-colonel March 3, 1862, at the capture of Nash- 
ville, Tennessee; colonel April 7, 1862, at the battle of 
Shiloh, Tennessee ; brigadier-general March 13, [865, at 
the battle oi Perryville, Kentucky; and major-general 
March 13, [865, in the field during the Rebellion. 

General McCook was with a joint committee of Con- 
gress, investigating Indian affairs, from May to October, 
1865 ; was then on leave of absence and awaiting orders 
to March i~, 1867. He resigned his commission as major- 
general of volunteers October 21, [865, and was promoted 
lieutenant-colonel of the Twenty-sixth Infantry March 5, 
[ 867, transferred to Tenth Infantry in 1869, and promoted 
colonel of Sixth Infantry December 15, 1880. He served 
with his regiment in various departments, and was acting 
inspector-general of the Department of the Missouri from 
December, 1874, to June, 1 S 7 3 , and then colonel and aide- 
de-camp to the general of the army to December, 1880. 

He was in command of the post of Fort Leavenworth 
and the Infantry and Cavalry School of Application from 
May 13, 1886, to August 28, 1890; appointed brigadier- 
general July 11, 1890, and assigned to command the 
Department of Arizona, which position he now occupies. 

General McCook is the son of Major Daniel McCook, 
who was born in 1796, and killed in battle by Morgan's 
guerillas near Buffington Island, Ohio, July 19, 1863. 
Seven of his brothers took part in the war for the Union, 
three of whom, like their father, were killed. Four of 
the eight McCook brothers attained the rank of general. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



259 



MAJOR TULLY McCREA, U.S.A. 

Major Tully McCrea (Fifth Artillery) was born in 
Mississippi July 23, 1839, and graduated at the Military 
Academy in the Class of 1862. I [e was promoted second 
lieutenant of the First Artillery June 17, 1862, and first 
lieutenant November 4, 1863. He served in the field 
with the Army of the Potomac, participating in the 
Maryland, Rappahannock, and Pennsylvania campaigns, 
and was engaged in the battles of Antietam, Fredericks- 
burg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, and in the oper- 
ations incident thereto. He also participated in the 
campaign in Florida, and was engaged in the battle of 
Olustee, where he was severely wounded, and compelled 
to leave the field, remaining on sick-leave from February 
to October, 1X64. He was then detailed at West Point, 
as assistant professor of geography, history, and ethics, 
until August 31, 1865; and as assistant professor of 
mathematics to June 23, 1866. 

He was b revetted first lieutenant September 17, [862, 
for gallant and meritorious services at the battle of An- 
tietam ; captain, July 3, [863, for gallant and meritorious 
services at the battle of Gettysburg ; major, February 
20, 1864, for gallant and meritorious services at the battle 
of Olustee, Florida (where he was severely wounded). 
He was also honorably mentioned in the " Records of 
the Rebellion," in the report of the chief of artillery, 
Second Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, on the battle 
of Gettysburg, as follows: 

" Honorable mention should be made- of . . . Second 
Lieutenant Tully McCrea . . . for their distinguished 
coolness and braver)-." 

Lieutenant McCrea was quartermaster of the first 
Artillery from June 20 to November 20, 1866, at Fort 
Hamilton, New York'. He was appointed captain of the 
Forty-second Infantry July 28, 1866; and was detailed 
on recruiting service at Newark-, New Jersey, and Har- 
risburg, Pennsylvania, from September, 1866, to April, 
1867, when he was ordered to Madison Barracks, New 
York, where he commanded his company until August, 
1867, and then was transferred to Fort Porter, New York. 
In June, 1868, he was on waiting orders and conducted 
recruits to California. In October, 186S, he was detailed 
at West Point as quartermaster of the Military Academy, 




remaining there until August, 1.S72, at which time he 
was ordered to Washington, 1). C, as deputy governor of 
the Soldiers' 1 lomc. 

Upon being relieved from duty at the Soldiers' Home 
in July, 1875, having been assigned to the First Artillery, 
December 15, 1870, he took station at St. Augustine, 
Florida, but was transferred to Fort Trumbull, Connec- 
ticut, the following December, remaining there until Jul)', 
1876, when ordered to Fort Sill, Indian Territory. In 
November, 1876, Captain McCrea was ordered to Wash- 
ington, D. C, and in April, 1877, again took station at 
Fort Trumbull, from which point he was sent to assist 
in suppressing the railroad disturbances in Pennsylvania. 
Returning to Fort Trumbull in the following November, 
he remained there until November, 1881, when his regi- 
ment was transferred to the Pacific coast, and he took 
station at the Presidio of San Francisco, lie afterwards 
served at Fort Winfield Scott, California, the Presidio, 
and Vancouver Barracks, Washington, until February, 
1 889. 

He was promoted major of the Fifth Artillery Decem- 
ber 4, 1888, and joined his regiment at Governor's Island 
in February, 1889, but had hardly become settled, when 
he was again transferred to the Pacific coast with his 
regiment, and is now serving on that station. 



260 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY (regular) 




COMMANDER FELIX McCURLEY, U.S.N. 

Commander Felix McCurley was born in Baltimore, 
Maryland ; appointed an acting master in the navy No- 
vember 13, [861, at the request of the Honorable Rev- 
erdy Johnson, of Baltimore, Maryland, and ordered to 
the U. S. S. " Winona," West Gulf Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1861-62; engaged in several skirmishes with Forts 
Jackson and St. Philip, and in the attack on April 24, 
1S62. 

Engaged in the attack on and passage of Vicksburg 
batteries June 28, [862 ; also in the engagement with the 
iron-clad "Arkansas," on the Mississippi River above 
Vicksburg, July 15, [862. Again engaged and passed 
the batteries at Vicksburg in (J. S. S. " Winona." En- 
gaged, also, in the destruction of Grand Gulf City, in 
U. S. S. " Winona," and in numerous skirmishes and 
rights on the Mississippi River. 

October 12, 1863, engaged in fights with Fort Morgan, 
while in command of U. S. steamer " Eugenia" (Glascow ) ; 



1863 and 1864 attached to U. S. S. " Lackawanna," and in 
her engaged in the attack and passage of Forts Morgan 
and Gaines, and subsequent engagement in Mobile Bay 
with iron-clad "Tennessee" and other vessels of Con- 
federate fleet. Afterwards promoted to acting volunteer 
lieutenant, and during latter part of 1864 ami first part 
of 1865 commanded U. S. S. " Selina" and U. S. S. 
" Chocura." From 1 S67 to 1870 attached to U. S. S. 
" Quinnebaug," Smith .Atlantic Squadron. Stationed at 
1 [ydrographic Office, 1870. Attached to U. S. S. " Wor- 
cester," Fmropean Station, 1871. 

On duty at Hydrographic Office, 1871-73. 

Commissioned as master March 12, 1868 ; as lieutenant 
December 18, [868; as lieutenant commander March 2, 
1 870. 

Attached to U. S. S. "Alaska," European Station, from 
August, 1873, to Jul\-, 1876; at Torpedo Station, New- 
port, Rhode Island, 1877. Commanding U. S. S. 
"Fortune," North Atlantic Station, 1878-79; U. S. S. 
" Wabash," [881-82 ; U. S. S. " Franklin," [883-86. 

Commissioned commander January, 1887; command- 
ing U. S. iron-clads " Wyandotte," " Ajax," " Canoni- 
cus," " Catskill," " Mahopac," " Lehigh," and " Manhat- 
tan," in James River, 1889-90. 

Commanding U. S. S. " Nipsic," Pacific Station, 1890, 
1 89 1, ami 1892; commanding U. S. S. " Alliance," Asiatic 
Station, during which time rescued the crews of two 
shipwrecked Chinese vessels at sea, receiving letters of 
thanks from Chinese authorities on both occasions. 

Commander Felix McCurley is a son of James McCur- 
ley and Elizabeth Wallace Graham, a grandson of Felix 
McCurley and Mary Pierpont, and a great-grandson of 
Morgan Pierpont and Mary Chew. His great-grand- 
father fought in the Revolution, and both his grand- 
fathers in the war with England in [812. 

Commander McCurley married Miss Anna B. Fowble, 
of Baltimore, and has two children, — James Wallace and 
Edith Lisle McCurley. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



26 1 



CAPTAIN JOHN McDONALD. U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain John McDonald was born in Ireland, and 
entered the regular service at Boston, Massachusetts, as 
a private, August 18, 1857, and was assigned to Company 
K of the First Dragoons. He joined his regiment at 
Fort Buchanan, Arizona, and participated in several cam- 
paigns against hostile Indians in Arizona and California. 
He was ordered with his troop to the seat of war in No- 
vember, 1 861, and served in the Army of the Potomai as 
first sergeant of his troop during the Peninsula campaign, 
for which he was complimented by his troop commander, 
Captain B. F. Davis, for his conduct at Williamsburg, 
Virginia, May 4, 1862. 

He was appointed second lieutenant of the First Cav- 
alry July 17, 1862, and sent to Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the 
following August, to recruit his troop to one hundred 
men. He rejoined his regiment in February, [863, and 
was in the battle at Kelly's Ford, March 17 following, 
being severely injured by his horse having been wounded 
and falling with him while commanding the rear-guard. 
He was complimented by General Averell, through his 
regimental commander, for the part he bore in that action. 
He had to be sent to Washington, D. C, in April, for 
medical treatment; after which he was ordered to Car- 
lisle, and in the November following to Harrisbursj, 
Pennsylvania, where he was assigned to recruiting and 
mustering duty. 

Lieutenant McDonald was promoted first lieutenant 
December 29, 1863, and rejoined his regiment at Win- 
chester, Virginia, in November, 1864. He participated in 
the cavalry raid to Gordonsville, Virginia, in December, 
1864. 

He was then sent to the general hospital for officers at 
Annapolis, Maryland, in February, 1865, until May 15, 
1865, when he was assigned to mustering duty in Bal- 
timore, Maryland; after which he joined his regiment 
at New Orleans, Louisiana, in June. Then he was or- 




dered to California, with his regiment, in Januarv, 1866, 
and from there to Arizona, in command of Troop G, in 
March. 

In July, 18(17, Lieutenant McDonald was on sick-leave, 
and ordered to report to the medical director of the De- 
partment of California, who recommended a change of 
station. 

While at Fort McDermitt he was assigned to the 
command of Fort Halleck, Nevada, from which he was 
relieved in October, and ordered to return to Fort 
McDermitt as quartermaster and commissar}'. 

A short while after this Captain McDonald was re- 
quired to appear before a retiring board, at San Francisco, 
in November, 1867. He was commanding Drum Bar- 
racks, California, when ordered to his home, in Maryland, 
January 15, 1868. He was promoted to captain July I, 
1868, and retired the same day. 

Captain McDonald was assigned to court-martial duty 
in Texas from November, 1868, to March, 1869. 



21 \2 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY (regular) 




CAPTAIN ROBERT McDONALD, U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain Robert McDonald was born in New York 
May 12, 1822. He joined the U. S. Army July 21, 1856, 
and was assigned to the Fifth Infantry, in Florida, partici- 
pating in General Harney's Seminole campaign. 

In 1856-57 ordered to compose the second column 
of the Utah forces in General Johnston's Mormon cam- 
paign, only tn arrive within fourteen miles of the city to 
have a pardon proclamation by President Buchanan an- 
nounced in orders. 

In 1857 to 1 860 ordered to march to New Mexico to en- 
gage in General Canby's Navajo campaign, and from [81 ii 1 
to 1867 were occupied in subjugating and civilizing that 
tribe (ten thousand strong), and in defeating the Army of 
the Trans Mississippi, preserving to the Union New 
Mexico, Arizona, and possibly California.' In [862—63, 
though only .1 non-commissioned officer, he was given 
charge of the defences of the Fort Union field-works, 
ordnance, and ordnance stores, with orders to allow no 
one inside the magazine, where the ammunition for the 
whole Territory was stored. In 1864 he was ordered to 
Annapolis, Maryland, for exam in. it ion for prorm ition. He 
was assigned to duty as acting assistant quartermaster 
and assistant commissary subsistence and provost-mar- 
shal at El Paso, Texas, in 1865 ; ordered to Fort Sumner, 
\i -w Mexico, and assigned to duty as acting assistant 
quartermaster, assistant commissary subsistence, and as- 
sistant commissary subsistence for the Navajo Indians, in 
1 866, transferring them, by order of General Grant, to the 
Department of the Interior. He was regimental quarter- 
master from 1866 to 1869, and assigned to dutyas acting 



assistant quartermaster and assistant commissary subsist- 
ence twice at Fort Hays, Kansas; once at Fort Riley, 
Kansas, and again at Fort Harker, Kansas, 1 868-69. I le 
was then ordered to join his company at Fort Reynolds, 
Colorado. He was detailed on recruiting service at 
Louisville, Kentucky, from iSji to [872, and then joined 
his company at Fort Larned, Kansas, and assigned to 
dutyas acting assistant quartermaster and assistant com- 
missar}' subsistence. 1 le was on duty guarding the line 
of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway, 1873—74. 
lie was assigned as chief commissary of subsistence on 
the staff of General Miles in his operations against the 
hostiles ol the Southwest, and on dutyas acting assistant 
quartermaster ami assistant commissary subsistence, camp 
North Fork of Red River, Texas, 1874-75. Me joined 
his company at Fort Riley, Kansas, and took station at 
Fort Reno, Indian Territory, in 1876. His company was 
ordered to join the regiment in the field in General 
Terry's campaign against the hostiles of the Northwest, and 
afterwards, with gre.it success, under General Miles, com- 
manding the District of the Yellowstone; on duty as 
assistant commissary subsistence at Fort Keogh, Mon- 
tana. He was assigned to duty as chief commissary of 
subsistence on the staff of General Miles in the operations 
resulting in the defeat and capture of the Bannocks, Nez 
Perces, Cheyennes, and Sioux ol the West and North- 
west, assuring peace to the harassed settlements of Mon- 
tana from [877 to 1S79. Captain McDonald was recom- 
mended for the brevets of captain and major in 1867; 
again as captain in 1S77. lie experienced a few conflicts 
with Indians, beginning in the palms of Florida, continu- 
ing on the alkaline plains of Kansas and Texas, the arid 
wastes of New Mexico and Arizona, and ending amid the 
dreary, frozen wilds of Montana, — once leading the Nav- 
ajos against the Comanches, fighting from early dawn 
unto the afternoon, the captain being the only white person 
in the fight. Again, when, contrary to advice, the tem- 
porary post commander brought on a conflict between 
the troops A\v\ the Navajos, in which three successive 
detachments of cavalry, with fatal casualties, were whipped 
and chased into the post, a general assault being immi- 
nent, declining any escort, he undertook to quell the 
disturbance. He was deserted on the way by the two 
principal chiefs. lie sought the hostile leaders and suc- 
ceeded, though not until twelve arrows in the hands of so 
many horsemen, each bowstring at the ear, were pointed 
at his breast. 

Captain McDonald was retired from active service, by 
operation of law, May 12, 1 886. 



WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



- r, 3 



CAPTAIN THOMAS M. McDOUGALL, U.S.A. (retired). 

Captain Thomas M. McDougall was horn at Fori 
Crawford, Prairie du Cliicn, Wisconsin, May 21, 1845. 
He is the son of Brevet Brigadier-General Charles 
McDougall, surgeon U. S. Army, deceased. He served 
as second lieutenant and aide-de-camp of volunteers, 
when only seventeen years of age, at Milliken's Bend 
and Goodrich Landing, Louisiana, until January 22, 
1 CS64. He was appointed second lieutenant Forty- 
eighth U. S. Colored Infantry February 18, [864, and 
was aide-de-camp to General John I'. Hawkins, com- 
manding the First Division of U. S. Colored Troop, 
He was relieved from this duty October 17, 1S64, and 
made assistant commissary of musters of the post and 
defences of Vicksburg, from which he was relieved and 
appointed aide-de-camp and commissary of musters, 
February, 1865; afterwards appointed commissary of 
musters of the Division of Colored Infantry, lie was 
also on the staff of General Emory Upton, as provost- 
marshal, District of Colorado, and assistant commissary 
of musters, October 16, 1865. 

Captain McDougall, while on duty in Louisiana, 
participated in the engagements at Haines' Bluff, Ya/.oo 
City, Port Gibson, and Grand Gulf, Mississippi, and 
while in Florida those of Perdido River, Florida, siege 
and assault of Fort Blakely, Alabama, and the capture 
of Mobile 

He was honorably mustered out of the I r orty-eighth 
U.S. Colored Infantry June 1, 1865, to enable hint to 
accept a captaincy in the Fifth U. S. Volunteer Infantry; 
and, having joined that regiment, proceeded with it to 
the Plains, marching from Missouri to Selina, Kansas, 
thence to Fort Riley, Kansas ; and from that place 
to Denver, Colorado, arriving there October if>, 1805, 
having been engaged in an affair witli Indians near Fort 
Ellsworth, Kansas. He was at Camp Collins, Colorado, 
June 1 1, 1866, to muster out the Twenty-first New York 
Cavalry, and a few days later was ordered to Fort Colum- 
bus, New York harbor, and was honorably mustered 
out of the volunteer service August 10, 1866. 

Captain McDougall entered the regular service as 
second lieutenant Fourteenth Infantry May 10, 1866; 
was transferred to the Thirty-second Infantry Septem- 
ber 21, 1866; was promoted first lieutenant November 
5, 1866; was again transferred to the Twenty-first 
Infantry April 19, 1869; was unassigned October 21, 
1869; was assigned to the Seventh Cavalry December 
31, 1870; and was promoted captain December 15, 1875. 

When first assigned to the regular service, he was 
ordered to take recruits by sea from New York to Cali- 




fornia, and after accomplishing that duty he served at 
numerous posts until August, 1867, when he was changed 
to Arizona, and subsequently, in 1869, his station was 
changed to Fort Vancouver. After being transferred to 
the cavalry, he was with Stanley's Yellowstone Expedi- 
tion, escorting the Northern Pacific Railroad Survey, 
from May 7 to October 1, 1873. He was in the field 
almost every summer while in the cavalry service, scout- 
ing, protecting construction trains, etc., etc. He partici- 
pated in engagements with Indians at Aravipa Canon, 
Tonto Basin, Point of Mountain, and Rock Springs, 
Arizona, and in action at the mouth of the Big Horn 
with hostile Indians, August [I, 1873. While on Ku- 
Klux duty in the South, he had a skirmish with 
illicit distillers at McGownsville, and Limestone Springs, 
South Carolina, in 1871. 

Captain McDougall took- part in the Big Horn and 
Yellowstone Expedition of 1876, and with his troop was 
rear-guard and in charge of the pack-train of Custer's 
command in the battle of the Little Big Horn, Montana 
Territory, June 25 and 26. He also commanded the 
Third Battalion of the Seventh Cavalry, as part of the 
escort to Chief Joseph and his band of Indians to camp 
opposite Fort Abraham Lincoln, North Dakota, and 
took station at Fort Yates, January 2, 1883. He 
marched with Troop B, Seventh Cavalry, to Port Meade, 
South Dakota, arriving there October 17, 1886, and 
remained until May 17, [888, when he was granted leave 
of absence on account of sickness, after which he was 
ordered to appear before a retiring board at San 
Antonio, Texas, June ir, 1889, and, having been found 
incapacitated for active service, was retired July 22, I 890. 



264 



OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AXD NAVY 1 regular) 




MAJOR-GENERAL IRWIN McDOWELL, U.S.A. 
(deceased). 

Major-General Ikwix McDowell was born in Ohio, 
and graduated from the Military Academy July 1, [838. 
He was promoted to brevet second lieutenant the same 
day, and second lieutenant, First Artillery, July 7, [838. 
He served on the Northern frontier during the Canadian 
Border disturbances, and on the .Maine frontier, pending 
the "Disputed Territory," until 1 841, when he was de- 
tailed at the Military Academy as assistant instructor of 
infantry tactics, and as adjutant, to October 8, 1845; 
then as aide-de-camp to Brigadier-General Wool to May 
■3. 1847, when the war with Mexico occurred, and he- 
was employed in mustering in volunteers. He was pro- 
moted first lieutenant ( Ictober 7, [842, which he retained 
to February 22, I 85 I . 

Lieutenant McDowell was acting assistant adjutant- 
general of the army commanded by Brigadier- General 
Wool, on the march for Chihuahua, from August, [846, 
to January, 1S47, and was engaged in the battle of 
Buena Vista, for which he was I .revetted captain Febru- 
ary 23, 1847. He was then made brevet captain of staff 
(assistant adjutant-general) May [3, [847, and was adju- 
tant-general to Brigadier-General Wool's division in the 
Army of Occupation, to May 22, 1 848. 1 le was then on 
duty mustering out and discharging troops. 

In [848-49 he was on duty as assistant adjutant-gen- 
eral at the War Department, and at the head-quarters of 
the army at New York City until 1851, when he was on 
duty at various head-quarters until 1858, having been 



made brevet major of staff (assistant adjutant-general) 
March 31, 1856. From November 17, [858, to November 
14, [859, he was on leave of absence in Europe, and on 
returning from leave was assistant adjutant-general at 
the head-quarters of the army to January 1 1, [860, when 
he was transferred to Texas. After two months' service 
there he was on leave of absence from April S to August, 
i860, when he made a tour of inspection in Minnesota, 
Missouri, and Kansas, to February, [861. He was then 
employed in inspecting troops in Washington City to 
April, 1861. He assisted in organizing and mustering 
District of Columbia volunteers into the service at Wash- 
ington, and was in command of the Capitol building to 
May, 1 861, when he was made brigadier-general