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Full text of "The official baronage of England, showing the succession, dignities, and offices of every peer from 1066 to 1885, with sixteen hundred illustrations"



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THE OFFICIAL BARONACxE 
OF ENGLAND 

Vol. I. 

ABERCORN FORTESCUE 



PRINTED BV 

srOTTlSWOODE AND CO., NEW-STREET SOl'ARR 

LONDON 



THE 



OFFICIAL BARONAGE 



OF 



ENGLAND 



SHOWING THE 



SUCCESSION, DIGNITIES, AND OFFICES OF EVERY PEER 

FROM IO66 TO 1885 

WITH SIXTEEN HUNDRED ILLUSTRATIONS 

BY 

I AMES E. DOYLE 

r '■"■ ' '' ' ' vol 1. 

', . ' • \'\ DUKES VISCOUNTS 



I- I •- 



LONDON 
LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO. 

1886 ^a 

All rig-lils reserved 



T< 



HIST. REF. 









• .' . 



• « < ■ 



PREFACE. 



THIS WORK was undertaken with the object of assisting the study of 
English history— in the first place, and principally, of mediaeval English 
history — by supplying information, as exact as could be obtained, on 
certain subjects of interest and importance, and by presenting that 
information in a manner comprehensive, systematic, and clear. These 
subjects relate exclusively to the peers of England, and the points 
treated of are, I. DATES OF BlRTH, SUCCESSION, AND DEATH. 
2. The Varying Titles of each Line. 3. The Offices held by 
each Peer. 4. Their Marriages. 5. Their Armorial Bearings. 
6. Their Persons. 

The plan, as at first conceived, was intended to embrace the period 
between the Norman Conquest and the Revolution of 1688, a period 
during which the kind of information referred to is most wanting. But 
it was afterwards considered advisable to give completeness to the work 
by bringing it up to the present time. The task, however, of dealing 
with the subject as respects the last two or three centuries is so im- 
measurably easier than the former part of the work, and the knowledge 
to be acquired on the modern peers is so much more abundant and acces- 
sible, that the latter period is to be regarded as in some considerable 
degree outside the motive and scope of the original design, and, generally, 
of the bearing of the remarks which follow. 

The main purpose, then, of the work, is to contribute for the benefit 
of those who are interested in the earlier history of this country some 



vi PREFACE. 



aid which may enable them more readily to turn names into persons, to 
trace out the machinery by which the government of England was 
anciently carried on, and to fix with certainty the moment when power 
changed hands at this or that important crisis. The work attempts, at 
the least, to do for the chiefs of the active ruling class of the earlier ages 
what our modern Peerages and Parliamentary Companions do for the 
legislators and officials of the present day ; but beyond that, it aims at 
laying a sure foundation in certain departments for the higher work of 
the historian and the biographer. 

A few words of explanation must now be given on the treatment of 
the several subjects enumerated above. 

i. Succession. — It has not been supposed that, after the labours of 
many competent men, there was any need for treating this subject anew, 
at least as regards the higher ranks of the nobility. As, however, the 
dates of birth, succession, and death, form, so to say, a kind of frame- 
work to the main subject of the undertaking, no portion has been put 
together without a careful consideration of such evidence as remains. In 
the result, with respect to the date of births, which are very seldom 
recorded during the nth and 12th centuries, it is hoped that some 
advance has been made, and that an approximate date at least has been 
arrived at in a fair proportion of cases. As to the succession to earldoms 
and baronies during the centuries just named, it is to be noted that the 
form ' succeeded as,' used in this work for convenience, means only 
' became entitled to succeed,' which the earl or baron did not in fact do 
until after he had received investiture or seisin, and very few dates con- 
cerning these ceremonies are on record. On the other hand, the day of 
death is often set down by the chroniclers, the knowledge of anniversaries 
being held to be of much consequence. 

2. TITLES. — As the honours held even in the direct line of a family 
often varied, a separate list of them is given in the case of every indi- 



PREFACE. vii 



vidual peer. It will thus be seen at once that one man was powerful 
both in England and Normandy, that his son succeeded only to the 
English honours, and that the Norman honours reverted at a later period 
to his heirs who by that time perhaps had acquired great lordships in 
Ireland. It was not the custom, however, during at least two centuries 
after the Conquest for great men to use many titles, and it is but rarely 
that the name of more than one lordship follows the recital of an 
earldom by the holder of it. The historical list of honours, therefore, 
individually enjoyed in those early days, is in no case meant for the 
style of the period. 

3. Offices. — The offices held by the peers of England are the prin- 
cipal and distinctive subject of this work, as its title is intended to express. 
The subjects already touched upon form only an introduction which it 
was necessary to treat, but which would not in and for themselves have 
had sufficient attraction for the present writer to induce the bestowal of 
much labour upon them. The great historical importance, however, of 
ascertaining the dates at which the leading men of England attained the 
offices which gave them power and influence, and the further dates at 
which they lost power and influence, led him on to take up the task, 
and eventually, to devote many years to its execution, it cannot yet be 
said completion. A difficult, but, on the whole, much less historically 
important section of the original plan still remains to be carried out : 
that, namely, which concerns the Barons who and whose descendants 
remained Barons. The work has been built, a very {ew items excepted, 
entirely upon the original authorities, whatever their kind. From 1066 
to 1200 the chroniclers furnish perforce most of the material, for the 
public records and the monastic documents tell but little about appoint- 
ments to offices. From the early years, however, of King John to the 
present day, an unequalled body of authentic evidence, though not without 
gaps, exists in the public records, which have been carefully searched for 
every portion of the intervening time. These again have been supple- 
mented by the contemporary chroniclers and other authorities, which, 



viii PREFACE. 



though of greatly inferior value, cannot safely be passed over, because 
even important appointments were not of necessity enrolled, and it is 
by no means certain that every enrolment has been preserved. A list 
of the various classes of records examined will be found at the end of 
each volume of this work. It is well to add here, that, for the sake of 
greater clearness, and to avoid the confusing use of double dates, the 
year is always made to commence in the modern style, with the first of 
January ; and the day of the month is always described as in the 
document quoted. 

4. MARRIAGES. — No subject relating to the ancient peerage has pro- 
bably received more careful attention than that of their marriages, nor 
was it to be expected that any new or important fact could now be dis- 
covered respecting them. It was none the less essential to examine again 
all the existing evidence ; and that has been done, not without a feeling 
that difficulties here and there remain which can never be solved. In 
connection with this subject, the writer much regrets that he was not 
aware, until too late, of Mr. R. E. Chester Waters's discovery of a pas- 
sage in St. Anselm's works which conclusively proves that Gundreda, 
the wife of William de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, could not have been 
either the daughter or the step-daughter of William the Conqueror. Our 
knowledge of her family, therefore, is reduced to the fact recorded on 
her tombstone, that she was ' of ducal race.' 

5. Heraldry. — The plan of this section of the work has been to 
give a representation of the more ancient armorial bearings, taken from 
the individual peer's own seal, or from his monument, or at least from 
some contemporary drawing, such as those in that most valuable series 
in the margin of Matthew Paris's Chronicle, probably the work of his 
own hand. Another feature is the description of the arms taken from 
the oldest blazon that could be found. In fact, the attempt has been 
made to collect a complete body of information concerning the armorial 
bearings, crests, ' beasts ' or supporters, badges, and colours of the 



PREFACE. ix 



mediaeval baronage ; and though many details are still wanting, a good 
deal of material has been brought into consecutive order and rendered 
easily accessible. 

6. PERSONS. — A knowledge of the personal appearance of the men 
who played a conspicuous part in the history of our country must always 
be interesting. An attempt has therefore been made in this work to 
give a series as complete as possible of the early representations of the 
princes and nobles of England. These early representations cannot, it 
is true, be regarded as actual likenesses ; but, as a rule, they may be 
taken to pourtray in rude fashion, at least the general appearance of the 
man, probably not correct in feature, but very probably so as to cut of 
hair and garment ; whether smooth faced or bearded or only moustached, 
and almost certainly so, when he is depicted shut up in his helmet. 
However this may be, we cannot hope to arrive at any more certain 
knowledge on the subject, and all that remains is to make use of the 
only materials that exist, for the purpose of getting as near to the truth 
as is now possible. From an early date in the 16th century the supply 
of authentic portraits gradually accumulates, though the pictures of 
some remarkable men are still lacking, and those of some others have 
come down to us without as much warranty as might be desired. The 
plan followed in this portion of the work has been to give a portrait in 
all cases, where it could be procured, for the showing forth, to some 
extent, of the men of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries; and then 
gradually to diminish the number in proportion as the time was ap- 
proached when the aspect of every distinguished man is made familiar 
in many ways. As a general rule, the word ' After,' with reference to 
an illustration, means that it is taken from an engraving ; and the word 
1 From ' indicates that it is copied directly from the original, unless the 
draughtsman's or engraver's name is given. In one case, however, 
(I., p. 712) no name was on the plate, and thus due acknowledgment 
could not be made. 

vol. 1. a 



PREFACE. 



In addition to the pictorial representations, contemporary personal 
descriptions have been collected from many quarters, and in some cases 
several have been found relating to the same individual, not seldom 
taking very different views. Estimates of character have been excluded, 
or only those traits admitted which would probably show themselves in 
the outward demeanour. 

The signatures of a large number of the peers have also been given, 
and the collection is as complete as it could be made for the 15 th and 
1 6th centuries. For those following, no name of any consequence is 
omitted until nearly the present time. 

To sum up. It is important that the reader should remember that 
this work deals with every department treated in it from the historical or 
recording point of view alone. It does not concern itself with questions 
of right, or with the doubts and difficulties of eminent lawyers and 
heralds. Such objections are worthy of all respect when they are not 
carried too far, and when modern ideas are not applied to the judgment 
of ancient practice. But the legal fact and the historical fact, though 
not in reality contradictory, often appear as things quite different. For 
example, Roger de Montgomery was legally Earl of Shropshire, but he 
was mostly called by himself and others Earl of Shrewsbury, and so, his- 
torically, he was and is Earl of Shrewsbury. John Talbot was created 
Earl of Shropshire, but neither he nor his descendants were ever called so 
in English, and, historically, they have always been Earls of Shrewsbury. 
In like manner, the Albineys were legally Earls of Sussex, but they 
were generally known as Earls of Arundel, and so, historically, they, on 
the whole, remain. Again, Dugdale says that Edmund, Earl of Lan- 
caster, ' had nothing of the title of Earl of Derby ; ' but, nevertheless, his 
son called himself on his seal ' Earl Ferrers,' as the previous Earls of 
Derby had generally done. The style of John de Vere, 13th Earl of 
Oxford, as proclaimed in the presence of King Henry VII., included the 
title of Marquis of Dublin, for which no vestige of legal authority is 



PREFACE. xi 



known. Five of the succeeding Earls of Oxford were called Viscount 
Bolebec, or Bulbeck ; yet no record of the creation of such viscounty 
exists. In the same way, one at least of the Stanleys, Earls of Derby, 
was called Viscount Kynton. Historically, therefore, there existed a 
Marquis of Dublin, five or six Viscounts Bolebec, and a Viscount Kyn- 
ton, who cannot be accounted for in a legal manner. These instances 
will serve to make clear the point of view from which certain portions 
of the work have been executed. The main bulk and most important 
part, however, is formed directly from material concerning which doubt 
or controversy cannot well arise. 



The three volumes now about to be issued contain the special in- 
formation previously indicated, relating to all the Dukes, Marquises, 
Earls, and Viscounts of England, from 1066 to 1885 ; including those 
pertaining to the Barons whose title remained the same after promotion 
to a higher grade in the peerage, such as Abergavenny, Berkeley, and 
Delawarr. 

It remains now only to record the author's sense of obligation to 
many persons in connexion with this work ; and first, he must name with 
great regret those who are no more. From Sir Thomas Duffus Hardy, 
Professor J. S. Brewer, and the Rev. H. O. Coxe, late Bodley's Librarian, 
he received such strong approval of his plan, and encouragement to 
persevere with it, as cheered him much during many years of labour. 
From Messrs. John J. Bond and Alfred Kingston, Assistant Keepers of 
the Public Records, he early received valuable aid, by being put in the way 
of pursuing his researches, and later, by ready help in any difficulty. To 
the late Vice- Admiral Robert Hall, C.B., Secretary to the Admiralty, he 
was also much indebted for information given and procured. 

He has next to express his acknowledgments to several personal 
friends and other gentlemen for their kindness in promoting his labours 
in various ways and degrees ; and, while exonerating each from direct 

a 2 



xii PREFACE. 



responsibility for any statement in this work, he desires especially to 
thank Sir Ralph W. Thompson, K.C.B., Under Secretary of State for 
War; Sir Albert Woods, < Garter ; ' Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., ' Ulster ;' 
Mr. C. Lennox Peel, Clerk of the Privy Council ; Mr. E. B. Nicholson, 
Bodley's Librarian ; Mr. T. J. Mazzinghi, of the Salt Library, Stafford; 
Mr. Edward Bellasis, Lancaster Herald ; the Rev. H. V. Le Bas, Preacher 
and Librarian at the Charterhouse ; Mr. Walford D. Selby, of the Public 
Record Office ; and Mr. F. Skene, of the Parliamentary Office of the 
House of Lords. Nor must he omit to make public acknowledgment of 
the unfailing promptitude with which the Registrars of the Universities 
of Oxford, Cambridge, and St. Andrews, though entire strangers to him, 
have answered the questions which he has had occasion to send to them. 



JAMES E. DOYLE. 
London : August 17, 1885. 



ABERCORN. 



ABERCORN, 



HAMILTON. 

1790. John James Hamilton, nephew of James, 8th Earl of Abercorn : 

Marquis of Abercorn, & Viscount Hamilton of 
Hamilton ; Earl of Abercorn, Baron of Paisley, 
Abercorn, Hamilton, Mountcastle, & Kilpatrick, 
in Scotland ; Viscount Strabane, & Baron of 
Strabane & Mountcastle, & a Baronet, in Ire- 
land. 



1784. — 'Tall, erect, & mus- 
cular in his figure ; thin, yet 
not meagre ; finely formed, 
with an air of grace & 
dignity over his whole per- 
son, he could not be mis- 
taken for an ordinary man 

1 Of a dark complexion, with 
very intelligent & regular 
features, he resembled more 
a Spaniard than a native of 
Britain.'— Sir Natii. W. 
WRAXALL, Posthumous Me- 
moirs, I. pp. 6 1 -62. 



B. 1756; 

st. John James Hamilton, Esq., 17 74-1 789 ; 

M.P., East Looe, 1783 ; 

M.P., St. Germans, 1784-1789; 

succ. as 2nd Viscount Hamilton, Oct. 9, 1789 ; 

9th Earl of Abercorn in Scotland ; 

Governor, cos. Donegal & Tyrone, March 17, 
1790; 

cr. Marquis of Abercorn, Oct. 15, 1790; 

K.G., Jan. 17, 1805; 

m. (1) Catherine, d. of Sir Joseph Copley, Bart., 
June 20, 1779 ; 

m. (2) Cecil, d. of Hon. 6° Rev. George Hamil- 
ton, March 4, 1792 ; 

m. (3) Lady Anne Jane Gore, eldest d. of 
Arthur, 2nd Earl of Arran, {widow of 
Henry Hatton, Esq.,) April 3, 1800 ; 

d. Jan. 27, 1818. 



Arms — Quarterly, i & 4, Gules, three cinquefoils ermine — Hamilton ; 2 & 3, 
Argent, an ancient ship or lymphad, with one mast, the sail furled up & oars 
out sable — Arran. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet an oak tree proper, fructed or, & penetrated 
through the stem transversely by a frame-saw proper, the blade inscribed with 
the word 'Through.' 

Supporters— Two antelopes argent, horned, unguled, ducally gorged, & the 
chains reflexed over their backs or. 

Motto— Sola nobilitas virtus, 
vol. 1. b 



Marquises. 



ABERCORN. 



1818. 



James Hamilton, grandson of John James (1) : Marquis of Aber- 

corn, & Viscount Hamilton of Hamillon ; Earl 
of Abercom, Baron of Paisley, Abercorn, Hamil- 
ton, Mountcastle, & Kilpatrick, in Scotland ; 
Duke of Abercorn, Marquis of Hamilton, Vis- 
count Strabane, Baron Strabane, & Mountcastle, 
& a Baronet of Ireland ; Duke of Chatelhe'rault, 
in France. 

B. Jan. 21, 1 8 1 1 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

st. Viscount Hamilton, 1814-1818; 

succ. as 2nd Marquis of Abercorn, Jan. 27, 

1818 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Tyrone ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Donegal, Nov. 13, 1844; 
K.G., Dec. 12, 1844 ; 
Groom of the Stole to H.R.H. Prince Albert, 

Feb. 8, 1846-June, 1859; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 25, 1846 ; 
LL.D. of Cambridge, July 5, 1847; 
Hon. Colonel, Donegal Regt. of Militia, 

April 11, 1855-Sept. 22, i860; 
D.C.L. of Oxford, June 4, 1856; 
Captain, London Scottish Rifle Volunteers, 

Feb. 18, i860; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, July 6, 1866- 

Dec. 14, 1868; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 1866- 

1868; 
cr. Marquis of Hamilton, & Duke of Abercorn 

(in Ireland), Aug. 10, 1868 ; 
LL.D. of Dublin, 1868; 
a Major-General of the Royal Body Guard of 

Scottish Archers ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, March 2, 1874- 

Dec. 6, 1S76 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 

1S74-1S76; 

m. Lady Louisa- Jane Russell, 2nd d. of JoZ/u, 
6th Duke of Bedford, Oct. 26, 1832. 



Marquises. 



Arms— As above. On the 
shield, an escutcheon of 
pretence azure charged with 
3 fleursdelys, & ducally 
crowned or (Ciiatelhe- 
RAULT). 



(See Appendix.) 



A BERG A VENNY. 



ABERGAVENNY 



NEVILL. 

1450. Edward Nevill I., 6th son of Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmoreland (2) : 

Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. after 1402 ; 

Knight, after May 19, 1426 ; 

called Lord de Bergavenny, 1438; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Durham, May 1, 

143S ; 

Captain in Normandy, 1449 ; 

summ. to Parlt. {jure uxoris) as Baron of Ber- 
gavenny, Sept. 5, 1450 ; 

Privy Councillor, [March 30], 1454 ; 

Royal Commissioner (for a Loan) in co. Kent, 
May 14, 1455 ; 

Commissioner of Array in co. Kent, & Captain 
in the King's Army, Jan. 28, 1461 ; 

Captain in the King's Army, Nov.-Dec, 1462 ; 

Commissioner of Array, co. Kent, 1470; 

111. (1) Lady Elizabeth Beauchamp, d. 6° //. of 
Richard, Earl of Worcester, 1436; (d. June 
18, 144S) ; 

m. (2) Catherine Howard, sister of J^ohn, 1st 
Duke of Norfolk, {before) Oct. 15, 144S; 

d. Oct. 18, 1476. 




From his seal. 

Quarterly, i. & iv.,Beaucham p 
&: Warenne quarterly, i & 
4, Gules, a fess between 6 
cross crosslets or, a crescent 
sable for difference ; 2 & 3, 
Cheeky or & azure ; II. & 
ill., Gules, on a saltire ar- 
gent, a rose of the field 
(Nevill). 

Crest — A bull's head. 




(J^CV\£V^? 



I: 2 



Barons, 

Earls, 

Marquis. 



Nevill R. i, 
m. 4. 

Ibid. m. 4. 
Blondel, 141. 



MS. Titus, 
E. vi. 



Acts Pr. C. 
vi. 293. 

MS.Vesp. 
C. xiv. 
Stowe, 417. 



ABERGA VENNY. 



1476. George Nevill I., 2nd son of Edward I. (1) : Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. before June 18, 1448 ; 

Knight (by King Edward IV.), May 9, 147 1 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron of Abergavenny, Oct. 18, 

1476; 
Captain, (army at Calais), Sept., 1490 , 

m. ( 1 ) Margaret, d. <5n h. of Sir Hugh Fenne, 
Under Treasurer of England ; (d. Sept. 28, 

1485) ; 

m. (2) Elizabeth, d. of ; 



1492. George Nevill II., 




From Add. MSS. 22,306. 

Quarterly, i.Nevili.; 2, Wa- 
RENNE; 3, Per pale, or, 3 
cheverons gules (Clare); & 
Quarterly argent & gules, 
in the 2nd & 3rd, a fret 
or, over all a bend sable 
(Despencer) ; 4, (Beau- 
champ.) 

Motto— Cerur jjromesse 

©iertt be noblesse. 

Colours—' Vert & Argent.' 
MS. Coll. Arms, I. 2. 



d. Sept. 20, 1492. 

son of George I. (i) : Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. about 147 1 ; 

Knight of the Bath, July 7, 1483 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron of Abergavenny, Sept. 20, 

1492 ; 
Captain in Royal Army (Blackheath), June, 

1497 ; 

Keeper of Southfrith Park, co. Kent, Dec. 1, 

1499; 
Chief Larderer for Coron. of King Henry VIII., 

June 24, 1509 ; 
Commissioner of Array for cos. Kent, Sussex, «Sr 

Surrey, Aug. 20, 15 12; 
Warden, co. Kent, Jan. 28, 15 13; 
KG., April 23, 1513; 
Captain in the King's Army (France), June- 

Oct, 1513; 
Chief Captain of English Forces in Marches of 

Calais, May- Aug., 15 14 ; 
Keeper of Ashdown Forest, [15 15] ; 
Privy Councillor, [1516] ; 
Assistant Marshal, ' Field of the Cloth of Gold,' 

June, 1520; 
Captain, army in France, Aug., 1523 ; 
Chief Larderer for Coron. of Queen Anne Bo- 

leyne, June 1, 1533 ; 
Member of Gray's Inn, after 1520 ; 



Barons. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 



P. Vergil, 
584. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 



P. Vergil, 
601. 



R. pat. 

MS. Ashra. 

863. 

S. P., 3380. 
S. P., 3688. 



Chron. 
Calais, p. 13. 



Ibid. p. 15. 



MS. Titus, 
B. i. p. 127. 

S. P., 3288. 



Stowe, 566. 

Dom. Eliz. 
xxiii. 49. 



ABERGAVENNY. 



m. (i) Lady Joan Fitzalan, 2nd d. of Thomas, 

1 2th Earl of Arundel ; 
m. (2) Lady Mary Stafford, yd d. of Edward, 

yd Duke of Buckingham, about June; 1 5 1 9; 
///. (3) Mary Broke alias Cobham j 

d. June, 1535. 

1535. Henry Nevill I., son of George II. (2) ; Baron of Abergavenny, 

Premier Baron of England. 

B. after 1527 ; 

succ. as 4th Baron of Abergavenny, June, 

1535 ; 

Lord Attendant on the Ambassador to France, 

May 2, 1551 ; 
Knight of the Bath, Sept. 29, 1553 ; 
Chief Larderer for Coron. of Queen Mary, 

Oct. 1, 1553; 
Captain of Kentish forces, Jan., 1554; 
Captain of Kentish forces, Jan., 155S ; 
Member of Gray's Inn, [1562]; 
Joint Commissioner of Musters for co. Kent, 

Chief Commissioner of Musters for co. Kent, 

1577; 
Deputy Commissioner to promote the breed of 

war-horses in co. Kent, Nov. 6, 1580 ; 
One of the Commissioners appointed to try 

Mary, Queen of Scotland, Oct. 6, 1586 ; 

m. ( 1 ) Lady Frances Manners, yd d. of Thomas, 

1st Earl of Rutland ; 
m. (2) Elizabeth, d. of Stephen Darrell, cf Spcl- 

mondcn ; 

d. Feb. 10, 1587. 








Bakons. 



K. Edward, 
Journ. 35. 

MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 



Dom. ii. 22. 
Do. xii. 34. 

Do. xxiii. 

49- 

Do. Ii. 3. 



Do. cxiii. 
6. 

Do. cxliv. 
9- 



ABERGA VENNY. 



15S7. Edward Nevill II., nephew of Henry : Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. 15 . . ; 

succ. as 5th Baron of Abergavenny, Feb. 10, 

1587; 
but was not summoned to Parlt. ; 

m. (1) Catherine, d. of Sir J^ohn Brome, Knt. t 

of Hatton, co. Oxford ; 
in. (2) Grisefd, d. of Thomas Hughes, Esq., of 

Uxbridge ; 

d. Feb. 10, 1589. 



1589. Edward Nevill III., son of Edward II. (1) : Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. about 1 55 1 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as (6th) Baron of Abergavenny, 
May 25, 1604 ; 

in. Rachel, d. of JoJin Leonard, Esq., of Knowle, 



Bakons. 



Motto— Ou je tiens, firme. 

MS. Harl. 1375. 



co. Kent ; 



d. Dec. 1, 1622. 



1622. Henry Nevill II., son of Edward III.: Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. before 1580 ; 
M. A. of Cambridge, [1594]; 
M.A. of Oxford, July 9, 1594; 
Knight (by Earl of Essex), June 27, 1596 ; 
M.P., co. Kent, 1601 ; 

succ. as 7th Baron of Abergavenny, Dec. 1, 
1622 ; 

w. (1) Mary Sackville, d. of Thomas, Earl of 

Dorset, before 1601 ; 
/W. (2) Catharine, d. of 'Edward, 4th Lord Vaux 

of LLarrowden ; 

d. Dec, 1641. 



Feb. 7, 1659. — ' It is Heaven's 
will to make mee decrepite 
both in my limmes & for- 
tune.' — To Sec. Winde- 
bank, S. P. Dom. C/ias. I. 
ccccxii. 59. 






Wood, iv. 

268. 

Ibid. 

Stowe, 77) 
Willis, iii. 



A BERG A VENNY 



1641. John Nevill I., 2nd son of Henry II. (2): Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. before 1619; 

succ. as 8th Baron of Abergavenny Dec., 
1641 ; 

in. Elizabeth, d. &> co-h. of William Chamber- 
laine, Esq. ; 

d. Dec. 12, 1660. 



1660. George Nevill III., brother of John I. : Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. about 1620 ; 

succ. as 9th Baron of Abergavenny, Dec. 12, 
1660 : 



vi. Mary, d. of Henry Giffard, Esq., M.D.; 

d. June 2, 1666. 



1666. George Nevill IV., son of George III. : Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. April 21, 1665 ; 

succ. as 10th Baron of Abergavenny, June 2, 

1666; 
Chief Larderer for Coron. of King James II., 

April 23, 1685; 

;//. Honora, d. of John, Lord Bellasys, of Wor- 
laby ; 

d. March 26, 1695. 



1695. George Nevill V., cousin of George IV.: Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. 1674; 

succ. as nth Baron of Abergavenny, March 
26, 1695 ; 

'very lovely.' T. Macky' Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Prince George 

Characters, p. 99. of Denmark ; 

m. Anne, d. of Nehemiah Walker, Esq. \ 

d. March n, 1721. 



Barons. 



Sandford, 
P- 133- 



Macky, 99. 



8 



A BERG A VENNY. 



1721. George Nevill VI., son of George V. : Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. May 16, 1702 ; 

st. Hon. George Nevill, 1 702-1721 ; 
succ. as 1 2th Baron of Abergavenny, March 
11, 1721 ; 

d. Nov. 15, 1723. 



Barons, 
Earls. 



1723. Edward Nevill IV., brother of George VI. : Baron of Abergavenny, 

& Premier Baron of England. 

B. 1705; 

st. Hon. Edward Nevill, 1705-1723; 

succ. as 13th Baron of Abergavenny, Nov. 15, 

1723; 
111. Catherine, d. of ' Lieut.- Gen. William Tatton ; 

d. Oct. 9, 1724. 



1724. William Nevill I., cousin of Edward IV. : Baron of Abergavenny, 

& Premier Baron of England. 

B. before 1701 ; 

st. William Nevill, Esq., [1724]; 

succ. as 14th Baron of Abergavenny, Oct. 9, 

1724; 
Master of the Jewel Office, Feb. 10, 1739, 

7/7. (1) Catherine {Tat/on), doicager- Baroness 
Abergavenny, May, 1725 ; 

m. (2) Lady Rebecca Herbert, d. of Thomas, 8th 
Earl of Pembroke, March 20, 1733; 

d. Sept. 21, 1744. 



Gar. 



1744. George Nevill VII., son of William I. (1) : Earl of Abergavenny, 

Viscount Nevill of Birling, & Baron of Aberga- 
venny. 

B. June 24, 1727 ; 

st. Hon. George Nevill, 1727-1744; 

succ. as 15th Baron of Abergavenny, Sept. 21, 

^744; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Sus- 
sex, Sept 20, 1757-July 3, 1 76 1 ; 



ABERGA VENNY. 



cr. Viscount Nevill of Birling, & Earl of Aber- 
gavenny, May 17, 1784; 

>//. Henrietta, d. of Thomas Pelham, Esq., of 
Stanmer, 6° widow of Hon. Richard Temple, 
Feb. 5, 1753; 

d. Sept. 10, 1785. 

1785. Henry Nevill III., son of George VII. : Earl of Abergavenny, 

Viscount Nevill of Birling, & Baron of Aberga- 
venny. 

B. Feb. 22, 1755; 

st. Hon. Henry Nevill, i 755-1784 ; 

M.P., Seaford, 1784; 

M.P., co. Monmouth, 1 784-1 785 ; 

st. Viscount Nevill, 1 784-1 785 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Abergavenny, Sept. 10, 

1785; 
Patent Inspector of Prosecutions at the Custom 

House ; 
Lieut.-Colonel, Monmouth & Brecknock Regt. 

of Militia, April 5, 1793; 
K.T., May 23, 1814; 
Recorder of Harwich ; 

m. Mary,d. ofJoJui Robinson, Esq., Oct. 3, 1781 ; 

d. March 27, 1843. 

1843. John Nevill II., 3rd son of Henry III : Earl of Abergavenny, 

Viscount Nevill of Birling, & Baron of Aberga- 
venny. 

B. Dec. 25, 1789; 

educ. Christ's Coll., Cambridge; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1818; 

Rector of Berghapton, co. Norfolk, & Ottley, co. 

Suffolk, July, 18 1 8-1 83 1 ; 
Chaplain in Ordinary to H.R.H. the Prince 

Regent, July 14, 1S18 ; 
st. Viscount Nevill, 1826-1843 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Abergavenny, March 27, 

1843; 

d. April 12, 1845. 

vol. 1. C 



Earls. 



IO 



ABERGAVENNY. 



1845. William Nevill II. 



in. 



brother of John : Earl of Abergavenny, Vis- 
count Nevill of Birling, & Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. June 28, 1792 ; 

educ. Magdalen Coll., Cambridge; 

st. Hon. William Nevill, 1792-1845 ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1 8 1 6 ; 

Vicar of Frant, co. Sussex ; 

Rector of Birling, co. Kent ; 

Chaplain in Ordinary to King William IV. ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Abergavenny, April 12, 

1845 ; 

Caroline, 2nd d. of Ralph Leeke, Esq., of 
Longford Hall, co. Salop, Sept. 7, 1824; 

d. Aug. 17, 1868. 



i368. William Nevill III., son of William II. : Marquis & Earl of Aber- 
gavenny, Earl of Lewes, Viscount Nevill, & 
Baron of Abergavenny. 

B. Sept. 16, 1826 ; 

st. Viscount Nevill, 1845-1868 ; 

Cornet & Sub Lieutenant, 2nd Regt. of Life 

Guards, July 23, 1844; 
Lieutenant, West Kent Regt. of Yeomanry, 

May 12, 1849 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Aug. 2, 1852 ; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Abergavenny, Aug. 17, 

1868; 
Hon. Colonel, West Kent Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Feb. 17, 1875; 
cr. Earl of Lewes, & Marquis of Abergavenny, 

Jan. 8, 1876; 

m. Caroline, eldest d. of Sir yo/in Vandem 
Bempde Johnstone, May 2, 1848. 

I 

ARMS — Gules, a saltire argent, charged with a rose of the field. 
Crest — A bull of a brindled colour statant, plain collared & a line with a staple at 
the end reflexed over the back or. 

Supporters — Two bulls as the crest. 
Motto— Ne vile velis. 



Earls, 

Marquis 



Gaz. 



ABINGDON. 



ii 



ABINGDON. 



BERTIE. 

1682. James Bertie, 6th son of Montague, 2nd Earl of Lindsey (2) : Earl 

of Abingdon, & Baron Norreys of Rycote. 

B. 1653; 

st. Hon. James Bertie, Esq., 1653-1675; 

cr. Baron Norreys of Rycote, May 12, 1675; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Oxford, March, 1674- 
Dec. 5, 1687; 

cr. Earl of Abingdon, Nov. 30, 1682 ; 

Captain, Troop of Oxford Volunteer Horse, 
1685; 

High Steward of the City of Oxford, Sept. 16, 
1687; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Ox- 
ford, May 3, 1689-May, 1697; 

Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal Forests 
South of Trent, Nov. 29, 1693-May, 
1697; 

m. (1) Eleanor ; d. & h. of Sir Henry Lee, Bart., 
of Ditchley ; 

m. (2) Catherine {Chamberlain), dowager-Vis- 
countess Wenman, 1698; 

d. May 22, 1699. 



Earls. 



Signet Bk. 



Hyde Corr. 
i 137. 



Pat. 



Do. 




C 2 



12 



ABINGDON. 



1699. 



Montague Venables-Bertie, son of James (1) ; Earl of Abingdon, 

& Baron Norreys of Rycote. 

B. about 1670 ; 

st. Lord Norreys, 1682-1699; 

Captain, Oxford University Volunteers, 1685 ; 

M.P., co. Berks, 1689-1690 ; 

M. P., co. Oxford, 1690; 1695; &1698-1699; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Abingdon, May 22, 1699; 

High Steward of Oxford, July, 1699; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Berks, May 31, 1 701 -June 11, 1702 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1702-Sept, 1705; 
Constable of the Tower of London, May 27, 

1702-Sept, 1705; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Ox 

ford, June n, 1702-Sept., 1705; 
Lord Lieutenant, Tower Hamlets, June 29, 

1702-Sept, 1705; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests South of Trent, Jan. 12, 17 11- 

Nov. n, 1715; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 9, 1 7 1 1 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Ox- 
ford, May 17, 17 12-17 15; 
One of the Lord Justices of Great Britain, 

Aug. 1 -Sept. 18, 1 7 14 ; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 1, 1714; 
High Steward of Banbury ; 
Recorder of Oxford ; 

;//. (1) Anne, d. eV //. of Peter Venables, Esq.., 
Sept. 22, 1687; (d. April 28, 1 715) ; 

m. (2) Mary Gould, widow of Gen. Charles 
Churchill, Feb. 13, 17 17; 

d. June 15, 1743. 



Earls. 



'Of a black complexion.' — 
J. Macky, Characters, p 
96. 




Hyde Corr. 
i- 137. 

Pari. Regibt. 



Pat. 



Gaz. 



Pat. 



Ibid. 



Gaz. 



Ibid. 



Pat. 



Gaz. 



ABINGDON. 



13 



1743. Willoughby Bertie I., nephew of Montague : Earl of Abingdon, & 

Baron Norreys of Rycote. 

B. Nov. 28, 1692 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Abingdon, June 15, 1743; 

High Steward of Abingdon & Wallingford, 

Nov., 1743; 
m. Anna- Maria, d. of Sir John Collins, Knt., 

Aug., 1727; 

d. June 10, 1760. 

1760. Willoughby Bertie II., 2nd son of Willoughby I. : Earl of Abing- 
don, & Baron Norreys of Rycote. 

B. Jan. 16, 1740; 

educ. Oxford &: Geneva ; 

st. Lord Norreys, 1 745-1 760; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Abingdon, June 10, 1760; 

High Steward of Wallingford, 1761 ; 

High Steward of Abingdon ; 

m. Charlotte, d. 6° co-h. of Admiral Sir Peter 
Warren, K.B., July 7, 1768; 

d. Sept. 26, 1799. 

1799. Montagu Bertie I., son of Willoughby II. : Earl of Abingdon, & 

Baron Norreys of Rycote. 

B. April 30, 17S4; 

st. Lord Norreys, 1784-1799; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Abingdon, Sept. 26, 1799; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Berks, Sept. 1, 1807; 

Lord Cupbearer, Coron. of King George IV., 

July 19, 1 821; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Berks 

(swn.) May 3, 1826; 
High Steward of Abingdon ; 
D.C.L. of Oxford, July 3, 18 10 ; 

(1) Emily, $th d. of General Hon, Thomas 
Gage, Aug. 27, 1807; 

(2) Lady Frederica Augusta Kerr, Jth d. of 
Lord Mark Kerr, 6° Charlotte, Countess of 
Antrim, March 11, 1841; 

d. Oct. 16, 1854. 



/// 



m 



Earls. 



14 



ABINGDON. 



1S54. Montagu Bertie II., son of Montagu I. (1): Earl of Abingdon, & 

Baron Norreys of Rycote. 

B. June 19, 1808 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

st. Lord Norreys, 1808-1854; 

Lieutenant, 1st Oxfordshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

July 9, 1827; 
Captain, 1st Oxfordshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Dec. 16, 1830 ; 
M.P., co. Oxford, 1832; 1835; 1837; 1841 ; 

& 1847-1852; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Oxford ; 
D.C.L. of Oxford, June 11, 1834; 
Major, 1st Oxfordshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

April 14, 1847-May, 1855 ; 
M.P., Abingdon, 1852-1854; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Abingdon, Oct. 16, 1854; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Berks, 

Feb. 28, 1855-Aug. it, 1881 ; 
High Steward of Abingdon ; 
High Steward of Oxford ; 

/;;. Elizabeth Lavinia, only d. of George Granville 
Hareourt, Esq., Jan. 7, 1835. 



Earls. 



(Sec APPENDIX.) 



d. Feb. 8, 1884. 



Arms — Argent, 3 battering rams barwise in pale proper, armed & garnished 
azure. 

Crest — The bust of a man affrontee & couped at the shoulders proper, hair & 
beard sable, ducally crowned or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a grey friar, habited, with cross, & beads, pendent from his 
girdle, & his right hand resting on a staff potence, all proper. Sinister, a wild 
man wreathed about the temples & loins with oak ; each charged on the breast 
with a fret or. 

Motto — Virtus ariete fortior. 



AILESBURY. 



*5 



AILESBURY. 



BRUCE. 

1665. Robert Bruce, son of Thomas, Earl of Elgin : Earl of Aii.esbury, 

Viscount Bruce of Ampthill, & Baron Bruce of 
Whorlton & Skelton ; Earl of Elgin, & Baron 
Bruce of Kinloss, in Scotland. 

B. before 1638; 

st. Lord Bruce, [1640]- 1664; 

M.P., co. Bedford, 1660; & 1661-1663; 

One of the twelve Commoners deputed to invite 

the return of King Charles II., May 7,1660 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Bedford, July, 

1660 ; 
succ. as 2nd Baron Bruce of Whorlton & 2nd 

Earl of Elgin, Dec. 21, 1663 ; 
cr. Baron Bruce of Skelton, Viscount Bruce of 

Ampthill, & Earl of Ailesbury, March 18, 



Earls, 

Marquises 




166 



J 



Pari. Regisi. 

Journals, 
viii. 15. 

Sienet P.k. 



"V^X N Joint Commissioner to examine the War Ac- 
^ , x counts, Dec. 22, 1666; 

After Sir P. Leiy. Lord Lieutenant, co. Bediord, April 30, 1667 ; | p at . 

High Steward of the Honour of Ampthill, June 

9, 1670; 
Joint Commisioner for office of Earl Marshal, 

June 20, 1673; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 18, 1678-April 21, 1679 \ 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 26, 1681 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Huntingdon, March 12, 

1681 ; 
a Lord of Trade & Foreign Plantations, [1682] ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

II., about 1682 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Cambridge & Huntingdon, 

March 4, 1685 ; 



Dom. clxxii. 
94. 



Pat. 

Williamson, 
1, 54- 
Gaz. 



Pat. 

Angl. Not 
i. 191. 



i6 



AILESBURY. 



Bearer of St. Edward's Staff, Coron. of King 

James II., April 23, 1685 ; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, July 30, 

1685; 
Fellow, & of the Council, of the Royal Society ; 

;;/. Lady Diana Grey, d. of Henry, Earl of Stam- 
ford, before 1655 ; 

d. Oct. 20, 1685. 




Earls. 
Sandford, 
78. 



1685. 



Thomas Bruce, 6th son of Robert : Earl of Ailesbury, Viscount 

Bruce of Ampthill, & Baron Bruce of Whorlton 
& Skelton ; Earl of Elgin, & Baron Bruce of 
Kinloss, in Scotland. 



itF™ 




After F. Harrewyn. 

1704. — 'Very tall, fair com- 
plexioned.' — J. MACKY, 
Characters, p. 98. 



B. 1655; 

st. Lord Bruce, 1 663-1 685 ; 

M.P., Marlborough, 1679-1681 ; 

M.P., co. Wilts, 1685-16S6; 

Page of Honour to King James II. at his Coron., 

April 23, 16S5 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Ailesbury, Oct. 20, 16S5; 
Hereditary High Steward of the Honour of 

Ampthill ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James 

II., Oct. 28, 16S5-16S8; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Bedford & Huntingdon, 

Nov. 26, 1685-Dec. 23, 1688; 



m. (1) Elizabeth, d. of Henry, Lord Beanchatnp, 
Oct. 30, 1676 ; (d. Jan. 12, 1697) ; 

m. (2) Charlotte, Countess of Sannu; (d.]u\y 23, 
1710); 



Pari. Resist. 



Sandford, 
79- 



Establ. Bk. 

182 a. 

Pat. 



AILESBURY. 



17 



d. Sept. 16, 1741. 



Earls. 




1741. Charles Bruce, 2nd son of Thomas (1) : Earl of Ailesbury & 

Elgin, Viscount Bruce of Ampthill, Baron Bruce 
of Whorlton, Skelton, Tottenham, &: Kinloss. 

B. May 29, 1682 ; 

st. Hon. Charles Bruce, 1685 ; 

st. Lord Bruce, [1705] ; 

M.P., Great Bedwin, 1705; 1708; & 1710- 

1711 ; 
Hereditary High Steward of Ampthill ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Bruce of Whorlton, 

Dec. 31, 171 1 ; 
Recorder of Bedford, 1 7 1 1 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Ailesbury, Sept. 16, 

1 74i ; 
cr. Baron Bruce of Tottenham, April 17, 

1746; 

///. (1) Lady Anne Saville, eldest d. 6° eo-h. of 

William, 2nd Marquis of Halifax, Feb. 7, 

1706; 
;;/. (2) Lady Jit 'liana Boyle, 2nd d. of Charles, 

2nd Earl of Burlington ; 
m. (3) Lady Caroline Campbell, eldest d. of 

John, Duke of Argyll e^ Greenwich, 

June 13, 1739 ; 

d. Feb. 10, 1747. 

ARMS— Or, a saltire & chief gules, on a canton argent a lion rampant azure — 

Bruce of Skelton. 
Crest — On a wreath a lion passant azure. 
Supporters— Two savages regardant, wreathed about the temples & loins with 

ivy, all proper. 

Motto— Fuimus. 



vol. T. 



+ 
D 



+ 



iS 



AILESBURY. 



BRUDENELL. 

1776. Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, nephew of Charles : Earl of Ailesbury, 

& Baron Bruce of Tottenham. 

B. April 30, 1729 ; 

st. Hon. Thomas Brudenell, 1729-1747; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Bruce of Tottenham, 

Feb. 10, 1747 ; 
Colonel, Wiltshire Regt. of Militia, June 20, 

1759; 
Extra Lord of the Bedchamber to King George 

III., Dec. 9. 1760 ; 
took the name of Bruce, Dec. 29, 1767 ; 
Governor to George, Prince of Wales, May 29- 

June, 1776 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 31, 1776 ; 
cr. Earl of Ailesbury, June 10, 1776 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Wilts, 

Feb. 19, 1780-March, 1782 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, City of Wells, 1780; 
Lord Chamberlain to the Queen (Charlotte), 

Dec. 29, 1781-Feb. 25, 1792; 
K.T., Oct. 29, 1786 ; 
Treasurer to the Queen, Feb. 25, 1792 ; 

in. (1) Susannah, d. of Henry Hoare, Esq., of 
Stonrhead, co. Wilts, Feb. 17, 1761 ; 

in. (2) Lady Anne Rawdon, d. of John, 1st 
Earl of Moira, Feb. 14, 1788; 

d. April 19, 1 8 14. 



18 14. Charles Brudenell Bruce, son of Thomas (1) : Marquis & Earl of 

Ailesbury, Earl Bruce, Viscount Savernake, & 
Baron Bruce of Tottenham. 

B. Feb. 14, 1773 ; 

st. Lord Bruce, 1776-1814 ; 

Ensign, Berkshire Regt. of Militia, March 28, 

1792 ; 
M. P., Marlborough, 1796; 1S02 ; 1806; 1S07; 

& 1-812-1814 ; 



Earls. 
Marquises. 



Appmt. Bk. 
98. 



AILESBURY. 



19 



Colonel, Wiltshire Regt. of Gentry & Yeo- 
manry, April 15, 1797 ; 

Colonel, Wiltshire Regt. of Militia, July 25, 
1811-Dec, 1827 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Ailesbury, April 19, 1814; 

Ranger of Savernake Forest ; 

K.T., May 20, 1S19 ; 

cr. Viscount Savernake, Earl Bruce, & Marquis 
of Ailesbury, July 17, 1821 ; 

;;/. ( 1 ) Hon. Henrietta Maria Hill, d. of Noel, 
\st Lord Berwick, April 10, 1793; 

;//. (2) Maria Tollemache, gr.d. of Louisa, 
Countess of Dysart, Aug. 20, 1833 ; 

d. Jan. 4, 1856. 



1856. George William Frederick Brudenell-Bruce, son of Charles (1): 

Marquis & Earl of Ailesbury, Earl of Cardigan, 
& Earl Bruce, Viscount Savernake, Baron Brude- 
nell of Stanton- Wyvillj & Bruce of Tottenham. 

B. Nov. 20, 1804 ; 

st. Lord Bruce, 18 14-182 i; 

educ. Christchurch Coll., Oxford; 

st. Earl Bruce, 1S21-1856 ; 

Captain, Wiltshire Regt. of Yeomanry, March 27, 

1826 ; 
M.P., Marlborough, 1826-1829 ; 
Lieut. -Col. Commandant, Royal Wiltshire Regt. 

of Yeomanry, June 30, 1837 ; 
suram. to Parlt. as Baron Bruce of Totten- 
ham, June 10, 1838 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Wilts, April 30, 1842; 
succ. as 2nd Marquis of Ailesbury, Jan. 4, 

1856; 
Yeomanry Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, & 

Colonel, March 13, 1857; 
Master of the Horse, June 18, 1859-July 10, 

1866; 
Privy Councillor, June 18, 1859; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Wilts, 

(s\vn.) March 25, 1863 ; 
d 2 



Marquises. 



20 



AILESBURY. 



1S78. Ernest Augustus 



Arms— Quarterly, 1st & 4th, 
Or, a saltire & chief gules ; 
on a canton argent, a lion 
rampant azure — BRUCE. 
2nd & 3rd, Argent a chev- 
eron gules, between three 
caps of maintenance, their 
fronts turned towards the 
sinister, azure — Brude- 
nell. 

Crests— 1st, A lion statant, 
tail extended azure 
— Bruce. 
2nd, A sea-horse ar- 
gent. 

Supporters — Two savages 
wreathed about the temples 
& loins, each holding in his 
exterior hand a lance, & 
thereon a banner of the 
arms of Bruce. 

Motto — Fuimus. 



K.G., May 24, 1864 ; 

succ. as Baron Brudenell of Stanton-Wyvill, & 
Earl of Cardigan, March 28, 1868; 

Master of the Horse, Dec. 12, 1868-Feb. 21, 
1874; 

a Governor of Marlborough College ; 

Hon. Colonel, Royal Wiltshire Regt." of Yeo- 
manry, April 1, 1876; 

m. Lady Mary Caroline Herbert, yd d. of George, 
1 ith Earl of Pembroke, (2) May 11,1837; 

d. Jan. 6, 1S78. 



Charles Brudenell-Bruce, brother of George 
William Frederick : Marquis of Ailesbury, 
Earl of Cardigan & Ailesbury, & Earl Bruce, 
Viscount Savernake, Baron Brudenell of Stan- 
ton-Wyvill, Baron Bruce, & a Baronet. 

B. Jan. 8, 181 1 ; 

st. Hon. Ernest Bruce, 1811-1821 ; 

st. Lord Ernest Bruce, 1821-1878; 

educ. Eton, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1831 ; 

M.P., Marlborough, 1832 ; 1835 ; 1837 ; 1841 ; 

1847; 1S52; 1857; 1859; 1865; 1868; 

& 1874-1878; 
Captain, Royal Wiltshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

May 29, 1838; 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, Sept. 3, 

1841-July 8, 1S46; 
Privy Councillor, Sept. 3, 1841 ; 
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, Jan., 

1853-Feb. 26, 1S58; 
Major, Royal Wiltshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

May 4, 1861-March, 1875; 
succ. as 3rd Marquis of Ailesbury, Jan. 6, 

1878; 

in. Louisa Elizabeth, 2nd d. of John, 2nd Lord 
Decies, Nov. 25, 1834; 



Marquises. 



AILSA. 



21 



AILSA. 

KENNEDY. 

1806. Archibald Kennedy II., son of Archibald, nth Earl of Cassilis : 

Marquis of Ailsa, & Baron Ailsa of Ailsa ; Earl 
of Cassilis, & Baron Kennedy of Cassilis, in 
Scotland ; & a Baronet of Nova Scotia. 

B. 1770; 

st. Lord Kennedy, 1792-1794; 

succ. as 1 2th Earl of Cassilis (in Scotland), 

Dec. 29, 1794; 
cr. Baron Ailsa of Ailsa, Nov. 12, 1806; 
K.T., July 17, 1821; 
cr. Marquis of Ailsa, Sept. 10, 1S31; 

m. Margaret^ d. of John Erski/ie, Esq., of Ditn- 
notter, June 1, 1793 ; 

d. Sept. 8, 1S46. 



1846. Archibald Kennedy III., grandson of Archibald II. : Marquis of 

Ailsa, & Baron Ailsa of Ailsa ; Earl of Cassilis, 
& Baron Kennedy of Cassilis, in Scotland ; &: a 
Baronet of Nova Scotia. 

B. Aug., 18 1 6 ; 

educ. Westminster School ; 

st. Earl of Cassilis, 1832-1846 ; 

Second Lieutenant, Rifle Brigade, July 5, 1833 

First Lieutenant, Rifle Brigade, Oct. 19, 1838 

Captain, 17th Regt. of Lancers, Oct. 19, 1838 

Captain, Ayrshire Regt. of Yeomanry, May 26, 

1842 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Ayr, Sept. 23, 1842; 
succ. as 2nd Marquis of Ailsa, Sept. 8, 1846; 
K.T., March 7, 1859; 



Barons, 
Marquises. 



22 



AILSA. 



Lieut-Colonel, ist Batt. of Ayrshire Rifle Volun- 
teers, Aug. 27, 1 860- 1 86 2 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Sheriff Principal, co. Ayr, 
Dec. 7, 1 86 1 ; 

/;/. Julia, 2nd d. of Sir Richard Mounleney 
Jephson, Bart., Nov. 10, 1846 ; 

d. March 20, 1870. 



Barons, 
Marquises. 



1870. Archibald Kennedy IV., son of Archibald III. : Marquis of Ailsa, 

& Baron Ailsa of Ailsa ; Earl of Cassilis, & Baron 
Kennedy of Cassilis, in Scotland ; & a Baronet 
of Nova Scotia. 

B. Sept. 1, 1847 ; 

educ. Eton ; 

st. Earl of Cassilis, 1847-1870; 

Ensign & Lieutenant, Coldstream Regt. of Foot 

Guards, Aug. 3, 1866; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Ayr, Dec. 8, 1868 ; 
Lieutenant & Captain, Coldstream Regt. of Foot 

Guards, March 16-May 17, 1870; 
succ. as 3rd Marquis of Ailsa, March 20, 

1870; 
Honorary Lieutenant, Royal Naval Reserve, 

Aug. 7, 1874 ; 

;//. Hon. Evelyn Stuart, yd d. of Charles, 12th 
Lord Blantyre, March 7, 1871. 

I 

Arms — Argent, a cheveron gules between 3 cross crosslets fitchee sable, the whole 
within a double tressure flory counter-flory of the second. 

Crest — A dolphin on its back azure. 

Supporters — Two swans, wings expanded & inverted, proper. 

Motto— Avisez la fin. 



ALBEMARLE. 



23 



ALBEMARLE. 

[10S9]. Stephen of Aumale, son of Odo, Count of Champagne : Earl of 

Albemarle, Lord of Holderness & Bitham. 
B. after 1066 ; 
succ. {jure matris) as Count of Aumale, or 

Albemarle, in Normandy, before 1089; 
Lord of Holderness & Bitham, in England ; 
Banner-bearer to the Archbishops of Rouen ; 
Commander of Royal troops (Normandy), 1089- 

1090 ; 
took the Cross, 1095 ; 
Crusader, Sept., 1096 ; 
Joint Commander of the 3rd Division of the 

Crusaders, June 28, 1098 ; 
Crusader, after n 27; 

111. LTavise, d. of Ran ulf ' de Mori 'enter ; 

d. in the Holy Land, after 1127. 

[1136]. William 'le Gros,' son of Stephen : Earl of Albemarle & York- 
shire, Lord of Holderness. 

B. about 1 1 1 7 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Albemarle, after 1127 ; 

Hereditary Banner-bearer to the Archbishops of 

Rouen ; 
Joint Commander of the Anglo-Norman Army 

(b. of ' the Standard '), Aug., 1 138 ; 
cr. Earl of Yorkshire, about Sept., 1138; 
Governor of Scarborough Castle, — 1 155 ; 
took the Cross, before n 50 ; 
Founder of St. Martin's Abbey, Aumale ; 
F d£sS; ^ft&tnde Founder of Vaudey Abbey, co. Lincoln • 
BHhune: Preuves, p. 5 i. Founder ofThornton Abbey, co. Lincoln, [1139]; 

Colours unknown. Founder of Meaux Abbey, co. York, 1150 ; 




Earls. 



Ord. 1. viii. 
c. 9. 

Monasticon, 
v. 392. 

Ord. 1. viii. 
c. 14. 

R. Wend- 
over, ii. 62. 

Ibid. 79. 
Ibid. 120. 



Ailred, 337. 

Ric. Ha- 
gust., 323. 

W. Newb. 
1, 92. 

Monast. v. 
39°- 

Ibid. 393. 



1 138. — 'Juvenis tunc strenu- 
issimus, & in armis multum 
exercitatus.' — Ailred Ri- 
val. 337. 



+ 



Assessor in the Royal Court (to arbitrate be- 
tween the Kings of Castille & Navarre), 
March, n 77 ; 

m. Cecilia of Scotland, d. of William, Earl of 
Moray ; 

d. Aug. 20, 1 1 79. 



+ 



MANDEVILLE. 



+ 



1 180. William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex : Earl of Albemarle & 

Essex, Lord of Walden, Holderness, Craven, 
& Bitham. 

B. before 1144 ; 

Knight (by Philip, Count of Flanders), before 

1167 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Essex, Oct. 21, 1169; 
took the Cross, 1176; 
Crusader, April, 1177-Oct. 8, 1 1 79 ; 
Joint Commander-in-Chief of the Crusaders, 

"77 ; 

cr. Earl of Albemarle (jure uxor is), Jan. 14, 

1180 ; 
Chief Ambassador to the Emperor, 11S2 ; 
Governor of Oisors, [1186]; 
Joint Ambassador to the King of France, 

Sept. -Oct. 1 186 \ 
Commander of 3rd Division of the Royal Army 

(France), May, 1187 ; 
Joint Commander of the Royal Army (France), 

Aug. 1 1 88; 
took the Cross, 1188; 
Bearer of the Crown, 1st Coron. of King 

Richard I., Sept. 3, 11 89; 
Joint Ambassador to the King of France, 1 189; 
Joint Justiciar of England, Sept. 15, 1189; 
in. Havise, d. &* heiress of William ' le Gros, 1 

Jan. 24, 1 180 ; 

d. at Rouen. Nov. 14, 1189. 

+ + + 



Earls. 



Benedict. 
Abb. i. 154. 



Ben. Abb. 



Ibid. 



Ibid. 



Diceto, 609. 

Ben. Abb. i. 

287. 

R. Hove- 

den, ii. 315. 

Ben. Abb. i. 
353- 



Do. ii. 6. 



R. Hove- 
den, ii. 344. 

R. de Cog- 
geshale, fir. 

Ben. Abb. 
ii. 81. 
Dugd. i. 205 

Ben. Abb 

ii. 87. 



ALBEMARLE. 



25 



DE FORTS. 

1 190. William de Forts I., a Poitevin nobleman: Earl of Albemarle, 

Lord of Holderness, Craven, & Bithafo ; Lord 
of Forz, in Poitou. 

B. 1 1 . . ; 

Knight, [n 90]; 

took the Cross ; 

st. William de Forts de Oleron, 1190 ; 

Crusader, 1 1 90 ; 

Joint Constable of the Royal Fleet, June, 1 1 90 ; 

Surety for King Richard I. (Treaty of Messina), 

Nov., 1 1 90 ; 
Earl of Albemarle {jure uxoris), after Nov., 

1190 ; 
vi. LLavisc, Countess of Albemarle 6° Essex, 1 1 90 ; 

d. 1195. 



Earls. 



'Miles miliies probatus in 
armis.' — Richard Divis, 
Chronicon, p. 11. 



+ 



+ 



BETHUNE. 



+ 



1 195. Baldwin de Bethune, 3rd son of Robert, 5th Lord of Bethune : Earl 

of Albemarle, Lord of Holderness, Craven, & 
Bitham ; Lord of Choques. 

B. 1 1 ... j 

Knight ; 

succ. as Lord of Choques, Jan. 18, 1191 ; 

Crusader, 1190-1192; 

Attendant on King Richard I. on his return 

from the Holy Land, 1192 ; 
Hostage for King Richard I. in Austria, Feb. 4, 

"94 ; 

cr. Earl of Albemarle {jure uxoris), 1195 ; 

Privy Councillor to King Richard I. ; 

Joint Ambassador to the Diet of Germany, 

Jan. 1 1 98; 
Privy Councillor to King John , 

in. LLavise, Countess of Albemarle, 1195; 

d. Oct. 13, 1213. 




From his seal (1199'. 



' D'azur a cinq bandes d'or 
coupped'azur. ' 

Axdr£ du Chesne, Hist, 
de la Maison de Be- 
ihune, p. 152. 



+ 



VOL. I. 



+ 
E 



+ 



R. Divis, p. 



Hoveden, 
iii. 36. 



Ibid. 63. 



R. Divis, p. 
ir. 



Duchesne, 
149. 



R. de Cog- 
geshale, 71. 

R. Hovedeu 

iv. 37- 

Do. iii. 306. 



Ibid. 275. 



26 



ALBEMARLE. 



1213. 



DE FORTS. 

William de Forts II., son of William I. : Earl of Albemarle, 

Lord of Holderness, Craven, & Bitham ; Lord 
of Forz, in Poitou. 

B. after i 1 90 ; 

Knight ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Albemarle, Oct. 13, 12 13; 

One of the 25 Barons, Guardians of the Great 

Charter, 1215 ; 
Commander of Royal Troops, 12 15 ; 
Constable of Scarborough Castle, Aug. it, 

1215; 
Constable of Rockingham Castle, Dec. 17, 

1216-June 29, 1220 ; 
Warden of Sauvey Castle, Dec. 17, 1216- 




June 29, 



1220 



From his seal. 

'Miles strenuissimus.' — ■ 
M. Paris. 




From his seal. 

' Scutum de gut crux variata de 
albo & azo.' 

MS. Cott. Nero, D. 1. 



Keeper of the Manors of Rockingham, Clive, & 

Brigstock, 12 16-12 20; 
Warden of Clive & Brigstock Forests, 1216- 

1220 ; 
Warden of Biham Castle, 12 16-1222 ; 
Commander of Royal troops, 1216-1217 ; 
Warden of Rockingham Forest, [1218]; 
took the Cross, before 1221; 
Joint Ambassador to the German Congress at 

Antwerp, Sept. 4, 1227; 
Privy Councillor, [1230]; 
Commander of Royal troops in Bretagne, Anjou, 

& Normandy, May, 1 230-1 231 ; 
Crusader, about Aug. 1241-1242 ; 

m. Aveline, 2nd d. 6° co.-h. of 'Richard, Lord of 
Monfilchct 6° Langley ; 

d. (at sea), March 22, 1242. 



Earls. 



M. Paris, 
Hist. Major, 
262. 



R. pat. 
111. 17. 

R. pat. 111. 1. 



Ibid. 

R. pat. 4 
Hen. III. 
m. 4. 



R. Claus. 
2H. III. 

An. Dun- 
stap. iii. 64. 

Feed. i. 187. 

R. Wend, 
iv. 196. 

Ibid. 217. 

M. Paris, 
Hist. Maj. 



ALBEMARLE. 27 


1242. 


William 


de Forts 


III., son of William II. : Earl of Albemarle, 
Lord of Holderness, Bitliam, & Craven. 

B. before 1220 ; 
Knight ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Albemarle, Sept. 18, 1242 ; 
Sheriff, co. Cumberland, Oct. 28, 1255-1260; 
Keeper of Carlisle Castle, Oct. 28, 1255; 
Joint Ambassador to Scotland, Aug. 10, 1255; 
Privy Councillor (elected by Park.), June, 1258 ; 
Joint Special Deputy to ratify the Peace with 
France, May 20, 1259 ; 


Earls. 

R. pat. 
m. 22. 
Ibid. 

Foed. i. 325. 

Ann. Mo- 
nast. i. p. 
449- 

Feed. i. 384. 


' De gules a une croyz de veyr.' 


111. (1) Christiana de Sully, younger d. of Alan, 






Leland, < 


Zoll. i. 612. 


Lord 0/ Galloway, 1236; (d. 1246); 
;//. (2) Lsabel de Rnners, sister &• h. of Bald- 
win IV., Earl of Devon, 1248 ; 
d. at Amiens (before June 12), 1260. 




1260. 


Thomas 


de Forts, 
+ 


son of William III. (2) : Earl of Albemarle, 
Lord of Holderness, Craven, & Bitham. 

B. 1253; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Albemarle, 1260; 

d. a minor. 
+ + 

PLANTAGENET. 


Duke. 


I385- 


Thomas 


'of Woodstock,' 7th son of King Edward III.: Duke of 










AUMARLE. 










cr. Duke of Gloucester, Aug. 6, 1385; 










summ. to Parlt. as Duke of Aumarle, Sept. 3, 










1385; 










see title Gloucester. 








+ 


■f + 










E 2 





28 



ALBEMARLE. 




PLANT A GENET. 

1397. Edward of Cambridge, son of Edmund, Duke of York (1) : Duke 

of Albemarle, Earl of Rutland, & Cork, Eord 
of the Isle of Wight. 

B- 1373; 

Knight (by King Richard II.), July 15, 1377 ; 

K.G. (after May), 13S7 ; 

cr. Earl of Rutland, Feb. 25, 1390; 

Sheriff, co. Rutland, Feb. 25, 1390; 

Admiral of the North, March 22, 1391; 

Admiral of the North & West, Nov. 29, 1391- 

May 9, 1398 ; 
Constable of the Tower of London, Jan. 27,1392; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 

Feb. 22, 1392 ; 
Captain in the Royal Army (Ireland), Sept. 

i394-i395i 
Joint Ambassador to France, Oct. 7, 1395 ; 

Chief Ambassador to France, May 9, 1396 ; 

Lord of the Isle of Wight & Carisbroke Castle, 

June 4, 1396; 
Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 

Cinque Ports, Sept. 11, 1396-Feb. 5, 1398; 
Privy Councillor, [Oct. 27, 1396]; 
Governor (in reversion) of Jersey, Guernsey, 

Sark, & Aureney, Nov. 30, 1396 ; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the New 

Forest, & all the Royal Forests South of 

Trent, April 26, 1397 ; 
cr. Duke of Albemarle, Sept 29, 1397; 
Constable of the Tower of London, Oct. 30, 

1397-Aug., 1399 3 
Constable of England, July 12, 1398; 
Joint Ambassador to Scotland, March 22, 1399; 
deprived of the dukedom of Albemarle, Oct. 6, 

1399; 

see titles Rutland & York. 



After A. Vincent. 

'France semee & d'Engleterre 
escartele, a lambell de trois 
points per pale gueulles & 
d'argent, charge de 6 chas- 
tells d'or & 6 lions rampant 
gueulles. ' 
Vincent, oh Brooke, p. 8. 



Duke. 



+ 



+ 



Feed, iv. i. 9, 



R. Pari. iii. 
264. 

Rot. Franc, 
m. 3. 

Ibid. m. 7. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 30. 

R. Franc. 

m. 7. 

Ann. Ric. II. 

p. 172. 

R. Franc, m. 

19. 

R Franc. 

rn. 9. 

R. pat. 3, 
m. 5. 



R. pat. m. 

20. 

Ann. Ric. II. 

p. 190. 

R. Franc, 
m. 6. 



R. pat. 3, 
m. 26. 



R. pat m. 

29. 

R. pat. 1, 

m. 32. 

R. Scot. 

in. 2. 



ALBEMARLE. 



29 



141 2. Thomas of Lancaster, 2nd son of King Henry IV. : Earl of Albe- 
marle. 

cr. Earl of Albemarle, &: Duke of Clarence, 
July 9, 1412 ; 



+ 



+ 



see title Clarence. 



+ 



BE A UCHAMP. 
[1423]. Richard Beauchamp, 5th Earl of Warwick : Earl of Albemarle. 

cr. Earl of Albemarle, before March 14, 1423 ; 

see title Warwick. 



+ 



+ 



MONK. 

1660. George Monk, 2nd son of Sir Thomas Monk, Knt. : Duke of Albe- 
marle, Earl of Torrington, Baron Monk of 
Potheridge, Beauchamp, & Tyes. 

B. Dec. 6, 1608 ; 

Ensign, Burrough's Regt. of Foot, 1626 ; 

Lieutenant, Earl of Oxford's Regt. of Foot, 

(Holland) ; 
Captain, Goring's Regt. of Foot, (do.), 1637 ; 
Major, Earl of Newport's Regt. of Foot, 1639 ; 
Col.-Commandant, Earl of Leicester's Regt. of 

Foot, (Ireland), 1641 ; 
Governor of Dublin, 1641 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot (Ireland), April, 

1647; 
Commander-in-Chief in Ulster, July 16, 1647- 

1649; 
Governor of Belfast, Sept. 28, 1648; 
Governor of Carrickfergus, Oct. 4, 1648 ; 
Major-General, [Aug. 10], 1649; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, [Aug. 3], 1650 ; 




Earls. 



Dukes. 



After P. Lely. 



Gamble, 4 

Do. p. 5- 
p. 7. 
p. 10. 

P- 15- 
p. 16. 

Whitelocke, 

244. 

Journals, H. 

of C v. 7 ;<l. 

Rushw. ii. 

1278. 

Whitelocke, 

341- 

Ibid. 419. 

Ibid. 466. 



3° 



ALBEMARLE. 



'He was a strong, lusty, well- 
set young man.' — J. AU- 
BREY, II. 451. 



'lie was of a very comely 
personage; his countenance 
very manly & majestick, the 
whole fabrick of his body 
very strong. . . . He was 
of a great natural force ; his 
eyes were a little deficient at 
a distance, but near hand 
very excellently usefull.' — 
Th'os. Gumble, D. D. Life 
of Gen. Monk, p. 465. 



Dec. 1665. — 'He is mighty 
brisk.' — S. Pepys, Diary, 
p. 269. 



' His person .... was in- 
deed rather comely than ele- 
gant. His stature was of 
the middle size, but con- 
trived for strength & action. 
In his countenance there ap- 
peared something very great 
& august, yet without pride. 
His aspect was so truly mar- 
tial, that they who knew him 
not might have taken him 
fur a general, & collected 
the ideas of a hero from the 
lines of his face.' — THOS. 
Skinner, M.D. LifeofGen. 
Monk, p. 417. 



Lieur.-General of the Artillery, 1650 ; 
Governor of Edinburgh, Sept. 7, 1650; 
Lieutenant-General, [Aug. 9], 1651 ; 
Commander-in-Chief in Scotland, 1651-1652 ; 
Joint General of the Fleet, Nov. 26, 1652 ; 
a Commissioner of the Admiralty, Dec. 3, 

1653 ; 

M.P., co. Devon, 1653 ; 
Commander-in-Chief in Scotland, April, 1654- 

1660 ; 
Councillor of State, in Scotland, 1654-1660 ; 
Keeper of Holyrood House & Park, Nov. 1658; 
Joint Commissioner to govern the Army, Oct. 12, 

16 59 ; 

Member of the Council of State, Jan. 2, 1660; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Devon, Jan. 26, 1660; 

Keeper of St. James's Park, Feb. 1, 1660 ; 

Captain-General & Commander-in-Chief, under 
the Parliament, of all the Forces in England, 
Scotland, & Ireland, Feb. 25, 1660 ; 

Joint General of the Fleet, March 2, 1660 ; 

Steward of the Manor of Hampton Court, & 
Keeper of the House & Park, March 16, 

1660 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, [1660] ; 

M.P., co. Devon, 1660 ; 

K.G., May 26, 1660 ; 

Privy Councillor, May 26, 1660; 

Master of the Horse, May 26, 1660; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, June, 1 660-Oct. 4, 
1662 ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King 
Charles II., June 24, 1660 ; 

cr. Baron Monk of Potheridge, Beauchamp, & 
Tyes, Earl of Torrington, & Duke of Albe- 
marle, July 7, 1660; 

a Commissioner of the Treasury, July 19- 
Sept. 8, 1660 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Devon, July 23, 1660 ; 

Captain-General of the King's Armies & Land 
Forces, Aug. 3, 1660; 



Dukes. 
< rumble, 36. 

Whitelocke, 
501. 



Journ. H. of 
C. vii. 222. 



Ibid. 362. 
Willis, iii. 



Thurloe, ii. 
67. 

Thurloe, 
vii. 526. 

Journ. H. of 
C. vii. 769. 

Ibid. 801. 
Ibid. 823. 
Ibid. 828. 



Ibid. 852. 
Ibid. 860. 



Ibid. 879. 
Walker, 
p. 20. 



Lascelles, 

pt. ii. 8. 



Signet Bk. 



Pat. 
Pat. 

Tat. p. 16. 



1663. — 'II est petit & gros ; 
mais il a la physionomie de 
1 'esprit lc plus solide, & de 
la conscience la plus tran- 
quille du monde, & avec 
cela une froideur sans affec- 
tation, & sans orgueil ny 
desdain ; il a enfin l'air 
dun homme fort modere & 
fort prudent.'— B. de Mon- 
conys, Journal, dfc, II. , 
p. 82. 



1669. — 'Of the middle size, 
of a stout & square-built 
make, of a complexion part- 
ly sanguine & partly phleg- 
matic .... his face is 
fair, but somewhat wrinkled 
from age, he being upwards 
of sixty years old, his hair is 
grey, & his features not par- 
ticularly fine or noble.' — ■ 
L. Magalotti, Travels, 
Grc. p. 469. 



Keeper of the Middle & North Parks of Hamp- 
ton Court, Aug. 18, 1660 ; 
Colonel 'Coldstream' Regt. of Foot, Aug. 26, 

1660 ; 
Keeper of St. James's Park, Sept. 29, 1660 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse (Ireland), Dec. 1 2, 

1660 ; 
a Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 

Charles II. , March 15, 1661 ; 
Bearer of the Sceptre with the Dove, Coron. of 

King Charles II. , April 23, 1661 ; 
Governor of Wexford, May n, 1661 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, 1661 ; 
High Steward of Kingston on Hull, 1661 ; 
Master Forester of Bolland, & Blackburnshire, 

March, 1662 ; 
joint Commissioner for Office of Earl Marshal, 

May 26, 1662 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, July 6, 1662 ; 
Keeper of Hampton-Court House, & Park, 

Oct., 1662 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Oct. 21, 1662; 
Acting Lord High Admiral of England, March 23- 

June 16, 1665 ; 
Joint Admiral of the Fleet, Dec. [8], 1665 ; 
Master Forester of Bolland Park, March, 1 666 ; 
First Lord of the Treasury, May 24, 1667 ; 

vi. Anne, d. of Clargcs, a blacksmith, 1652 ; 

d. Jan. 3, 1670. 



/lwiUY)n,<vcitf 



1670. Christopher Monk, son of George : Duke of Albemarle, Earl of 

Torrington, Baron Monk of Potheridge, Beau- 
champ, & Tyes. 

B. 1652 ; 



Dikes. 

Pat. 

Dom. Ixxii. 



MSS. Carte, 
xli. 169. 

Walker, 

p. 36. 

Ibid. 90. 

MSS. Carte, 
xlii. 115. 
Dom. x.xxiii. 
107. 



Signet Bk. 

Dom. Corr. 
Pat. 

Dom. lxi. 
144. 

James II. 
Nav. Mem. 
P- Si- 

Evelyn, 311, 

Dom. cl. 

Pal. 



3 2 



ALBEMARLE. 




After T, Murrey. 



1669. — ' Her son, however, 
makes up for his mother's 
deficiency ' in ' elegance or 
gentility.' — L. MAGALOTTT, 
Travels, &>c. p. 470. 



1686. — 'Burnt to a coal with 
hot liquor.' — Ellis Corre- 
spondence, I. p. 64. 



st. Earl of Torrington, 1660-1670 ; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Albemarle, Jan. 3, 1670 ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King 

Charles II., Jan. 4, 1670 ; 
K.G., Feb. 4, 1670 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, 1673 ; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 15, 1675; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Devon (except Plymouth), 

Nov., 1675-July 31, 1685 ; 
Colonel, 'Queen's' Regt. of Horse, [1678]- 

Jan., 1679 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Essex, Nov., 1675- 
July 31, 1685 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1679 ; 
Captain & Colonel, 1st (' King's Own ') Troop of 

Horse Guards, Nov. 29, 1679-July 31, 1685; 
Captain of all the King's Guards of Horse, 

Nov. 29, 1679-July 31, 1685 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Wilts, Feb., 1681- 

July 31, 1685; 
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, 

April 10, 1682 ; 
a Commissioner for Tangier, [1682] ; 
a Lord of Trade & Foreign Plantations, [1682] ; 
Recorder of Colchester ; 
Bearer of the Sceptre with the Dove, Coron. 

of King James II., April 23, 1685 ; 
Captain-General of Jamaica, Nov. 25, 16S6 ; 
m. Lady Elizabeth Cavendish, d. of Henry, 2nd 

Duke of Newcastle, Dec. 30, 1669; 
d. (in Jamaica), Oct., 1688. 



D l! ICES. 



Arms — Gules, a chevron between 3 lions' heads erased argent. 

Crests— 1. On a ducal cap, a dragon statant, with wings displayed argent. 

2. On a ducal cap, gules turned up with ermine embroidered with the 
letter A or, a wild cat per pale sable & argent, between 2 broom- 
stalks vert, seeded or. 

SUPPORTERS — Dexter, a dragon ; Sinister, a lion argent, each holding a broom- 
stalk, as above. 

Motto — Fortiter : Fideliter : Fcei.iciter. 



Gaz. 



Williamson, 
i. 101. 

Gaz. 



Signet Bk. 

Entry Bk. 
48. 

Gaz. 

Gaz. 

Signet Bk. 

C.H.C. iii. 

597- 

Angl. Not. 
i. 190. 

lb. 191. 

Sandford. 
Pat. 



+ 



+ 



ALBEMARLE. 



33 



KEPPEL. 

1696. Arnold Joost van Keppel, son of Bernard, Lord of Keppel : Earl 

of Albemarle, Viscount Bury, & Baron Ashford 
of Ashford. 

B. about 167 1 ; 

Page of Honour to William, Prince of Orange; 

Groom of the Bedchamber to King William III., 

April 29, 1 69 1 ; 
Private Secretary to the King ; 
Gentleman & Master of the Robes to King 

William III., May 4, 1695 ; 
cr. Baron of Ashford, Viscount Bury, & Earl of 

Albemarle, Feb. 10, 1696 ; 
Major-General of Horse, [June 16, 1697] ; 
Captain & Colonel 1st Troop of Horse Guards, 

March 9, 1699-July 21, 1710; 
KG, May 14, 1700 ; 
Colonel of the Swiss & Grisons in service of the 

States of Holland, [June, 1701] ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Wil- 
liam III., June 12, 1701-March 8, 1702 ; 
General of the Dutch army, July, 1702 ; 
Lieutenant-General, (English army) ; 
LL.D. of Cambridge, April 16, 1705 ; 
General of the Horse, (Dutch army), April 10, 

1708; 
Governor of Tournay, July [26], 1709 ; 
Deputy Forester of Holland ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Carabineers, (Dutch army); 
Governor of Bois le Due ; 
Envoy Extraordinary to Hanover, Aug., 17 14 : 

m. Gertrude Quirina, 2nd d. of Adam Van dcr 
Diti/t, Lord of St. Gravemocr, 1701 ; 

d. May 30, 17 18. 




Afler Sir G. Knellcr. 



1697. — 'A cheerful young 
man.' — Burnet, OwnTime, 
IV. 401. 

1703. — 'Beautiful in his per- 
son ' (about 30). — Macky, 
Characters, p. 68. 



Earls. 



Establ. 


Bk. 


214. 




Macky 


p. 67 


Establ. 


Bk. 


211. 





Gaz. 



Gaz. 



Luttrell, v. 
61. 



Establ. Bk. 
20. 



Gaz. 



Marlb. Corr. 
»• 353- 




VOL. I. 



ALBEMARLE. 



1718. 




After I. Fournier, 1749. 



William- Anne Keppel, son of Arnold : Earl of Albemarle, Visct. 

Bury, & Baron Ashford of Ashford. 

B. June 5, 1702 ; 

st. Viscount Bury, i 702-1718 ; 

Captain & Lieut.-Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of 

Foot Guards, Aug. 25, 171 7; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Albemarle, May 30, 1 7 1 8 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to George, Prince of 

Wales, Oct., 1723 ; 
K.B., May 27, 1725 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to King George I., March 31, 

1727 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 

July 24, 1727 ; 
Colonel, 29th Regt. of Foot, Nov. 22, 1731 ; 
Captain & Colonel, 3rd Troop of Horse 

Guards, June 4, 1733; 
Governor of Virginia, Sept. 26, 1737; 
Brigadier-General, July 2, 1739 ; 
Major-General, Feb. 20, 1742 ; 
Lieutenant-General, Feb 26, 1:743 ; 
Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards, 

Oct. 5, 1744 ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in Scotland, 

Aug. 23, 1746 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 

Paris, March 14, 1749; 
K.G., June 22, 1749 ; 
Groom of the Stole to King George II., 

June 17, 1 75 1 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 12, 1 75 1 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, March 30, 1752; 

111. Lady Anne Lennox, d. of Charles, xst Duke 
of Richmond, Feb. 21, 1723; 

d. Dec. 



Earls. 



1 His figure was genteel, his 
manner noble & agree- 
able.' — Horace Walpole, 
Mem. Geo. II, I. p. 82. 

' C'etoit, par excellence, ce 
qu'on appelle un galant 
homme.' — J. J. MARMON- 
TEL, Mc moires, p. 1 6 1. 

' What made our friend Lord 
Albemarle Colonel of a 
Regiment of Guards, Gover- 
nor of Virginia, Groom of 
the Stole, & Embassador 
at Paris ? ... It was his 
air, his address, his man- 
ners, & his graces.' — Lord 
Chesterfield, Letters, II. 

P- 253- 

' Did all that could be expected 
from a brave be experienced 
officer ' (at Fontenoy). — 
Dispatch, in Gazette. 



1754- 




^ 



^/n 




ALBEMARLE. 



35 



1754- 



George Keppel, son of William-Anne : Earl of Albemarle, Viscount 

Bury, & Baron Ashford of Ashford. 

B. April 8, 1724; 

st. Viscount Bury, 1724-1754; 

Ensign, Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards, 1738; 

Captain-Lieut., 1st Regt. of Dragoons, 1741 ; 

Captain-Lieut., Coldstream Regt. of Foot 

Guards, April 7, 1743 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to William, Duke of Cumberland, 

Feb., 1745 ; 
Captain & Lieut.-Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of 

Foot Guards, May 27, 1745 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to the King, & Colonel, April 24, 

1746 ; 
M.P., Chichester, 1746; 1747; & 1754 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to William, Duke of 

Cumberland, [1748]-! 765 ; 




After Sii J. Reynolds. 



Colonel, 20th Regt. of Foot, Nov. 1, 



1749 ; 

Dec. 22, 



succ. as 3rd Earl of Albemarle, 

1754; 
Colonel, 3rd Regt. of Dragoons, April 8, 1755; 
Major-General, Feb. 1, 1756 ; 
Lieutenant-General, April 1, 1759 > 
Governor of Jersey, Jan. 26, 1761 ; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 28, 1761 ; 
Commander-in-Chief of Forces against the 

Havannah, Feb., 1762; 
K.G, Dec. 26, 1765 ; 
Keeper of Bagshot Park, Feb. 26, 1766; 
General in the Army, May 26, 1772 ; 

m. Anne, d. of Sir John Miller, Bart., April 20, 
1770; 

d. Oct. 13, 1772. 





%fo.a/rt<j2 



F 2 



Earls. 



36 



ALBEMARLE. 




After Sir T. Lawrence. 



1772. William Charles Keppel, son of George: Earl of Albemarle, 

Viscount Bury, & Baron Ashford of Ashford. 

B. May 14, 1772 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Albemarle, Oct. 13, 

1772 ; 
Lieutenant, West Norfolk Regt. of Militia [1791]; 
Captain, West Norfolk Regt. of Militia, 

March 22, 1792 ; 
Lieut. -Colonel, West Norfolk Regt. of Militia, 

July 18, 1793 ; 
Master of the Buckhounds, Feb. 19, 1S06- 

March 25, 1807 ; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 22, 1830 ; 
Master of the Horse, Nov. 24, 1830-Dec. 30, 

1834; 
G.C.H., 1833; 

Ranger of Hampton Court Park ; 
Master of the Horse, April 25, 1835-Sept. 4, 

1841 ; 

m. (1) Elizabeth Southwell, d. of Edward, Lord 
de Clifford, April 9, 1792 ; 

vi. (2) Charlotte Susannah, d. of Sir Henry 
Hunloke, Bart., Feb. n, 1822 ; 

d. Oct. 30, 1849. 



1849. Augustus Frederick. Keppel, 2nd son of William Charles (1) : Earl 

of Albemarle, Viscount Bury, & Baron Ashford 
of Ashford. 

B. June 2, 1794; 

st. Hon. Augustus Keppel, 1 794-1804 ; 

st. Viscount Bury, 1804-1849 ; 

Ensign, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, April 4, 

1811 ; 
Lieutenant & Captain, do., Jan. 12, 1814 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to H.S.H. William, Prince of 

Orange, 1815 ; 
received the medal for Waterloo ; 
M.P., Arundel, 1S20-1826 ; 



Earls. 



ALBEMARLE. 



37 



succ. as 5th Earl of Albemarle, Oct. 30, 1849; 

m. Frances, d. of Charles Steer, Esq., of Chichester, 
May 4, 1 8 16 ; 

d. March 15, 185 1. 



1851. George Thomas Keppel, brother of Augustus Frederick: Earl of 

Albemarle, Viscount Bury, & Baron Ashford 
of Ashford. 

B. June 13, 1799 ; 

st. Hon. George Keppel, 1 799-1851 ; 

Ensign, 14th Regt. of Foot, April 4, 1815 ; 

Lieutenant, 20th Regt. of Foot, May 15, 1820; 

Captain, 62nd Regt. of Foot, Feb. 17, 1825 ; 

Major (unattached), March 20, 1827 ; 

M.P., East Norfolk, 1832-1835 ; 

Groom in Waiting to the Queen, June 12, 

1838-Sept. 3, 1841 ; 
Lieut-Colonel (unattached), Nov. 23, 1841 ; 
Private Secretary to Lord John Russell, First 

Lord of the Treasury, 1846-1850 ; 
M.P., Lymmgton, 1 847-1 850 ; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Albemarle, March 15, 

1851; 
Colonel in the Army, June 20, 1854 ; 
Major-General, Oct. 26, 1858 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Norfolk, June 18, 

1859; 
Lieutenant-General, March 31, 1S66; 

General in the Army, Feb. 7, 1874 ; 

received the medal for Waterloo ; 

F.A.S., & F.G.S. ; 

111. Susannah, d. of Sir Coutts Trotter, Bart., 
Aug. 4, 1831. 



Earls. 



Arms— Gules, 3 escallops argent. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a swan's head & neck argent. 

Supporters — Two lions ducally crowned or. 

Motto — Ne cede malis. 



33 



AMHERST. 



AMHERST. 



Rarons, 
Earls. 




AMHERST. 

1776. Jeffrey Amherst, 2nd son of Jeffrey Amherst, Esq. : Baron Amherst 

of Holmesdale, & Amherst of Montreal. 

B. Jan. 29, 17 17 ; 

Ensign, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, 1731 ; 
Lieutenant, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, [1744] ; 
Captain & Lieut.-Colonel, 1st Regt. of Foot 

Guards, Dec. 25, 1745 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to Sir John Ligonier, 1 745— 

1747; 
Aide-de-Camp to H.R.H. William, Duke of 

Cumberland, 1 747-1 757; 
Aide-de-Camp to Lord George Sackville ; 
Groom of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. the Duke 

of Cumberland ; 
Colonel, 15th Regt. of Foot, May 22, 1 756— 

Sept. 21, 1768 ; 
Major-General, in America, March 1, 1758; 
Commander-in-Chief of an expedition to North 

America, March, 1 758 j 
General & Commander-in-Chief of the Forces 

in North America, Sept. 16, 1758-Nov., 

1763; 
Colonel-in-Chief, 60th (' Royal American ') Regt. 

of Foot, Sept. 30, 1758-Sept. 21, 1768 ; 
Major-General, June 25, 1759; 
Captain-General & Governor of Virginia, 

Sept. 12, 1759-July 28, 1768; 
K.B., Oct. 25, 1761 ; 
Knight (by King George III.), Dec. 30, 1763; 



After Sir J. Reynolds. 



In his person he was tall & 
thin, with an aquiline nose, 
& an intelligent counten- 
ance.'— Sir N. W. Wra- 
XALL, Hist. Memoirs, I. 
P- 536. 



Lieutenant-General, March 



»6, 1765; 



AMHERST. 



39 



Colonel, 3rd Regt. of Foot, Nov. 7, 1768; 
Colonel-in-Chief, 60th (' Royal American') Regt. 

of Foot, Nov. 7, 1768-Aug. 23, 1779 ; 
Captain & Governor of Guernsey, & Sark, 

Oct. 25, 1770 ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance, Oct. 22, 

1772-April 3, 1782; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 6, 1772 ; 
cr. Baron Amherst of Holmesdale, May 20, 

1776 ; 
General in the Army, March 19, 1778 ; 
General on the Staff, (Commanding in Chief), 

March 19, 1778-March 30, 1782 ; 
Cabinet Minister, March, 1778 ; 
Captain & Colonel, 2nd Troop of Horse Grena- 
dier Guards, April 21, 1779 ; 
Captain & Colonel, 2nd Troop of Horse Guards, 

March 22, 17S2 ; 
cr. Baron Amherst of Montreal, Sept. 6, 

1788; 
Colonel, 2nd Regt. of Life Guards, & Gold 

Stick, June 25, 1788 ; 
General on the Staff, (Commanding in Chief), 

Jan. 2i, 1793-Feb. 10, 1795 ; 
Field-Marshal, July 30, 1796 ; 

m. (1) Jane, d. of Thomas Daly son, Esq., of 

Hampton, co. Kent ; 
m. (2) Elizabeth, d. of General Hon. George 

Carey, March 26, 1767; 

d. Aug. 3, 1797. 



Baron. 



W. O. Letter 
Bk. 

H. Walpole, 

Last Journ. 
1, 231. 




W. O. Letter 
Bk. 



4Q 



AMHERST. 




After Sir T. Lawrence. 



1 797. William Pitt Amherst, nephew of Jeffrey : Earl Amherst, Vis- 
count Holmesdale, & Baron Amherst of Mont- 
real. 

B. Jan., 1773 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

M.A., June 15, 1797 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Amherst of Montreal, 

Aug- 3, 1797; 
Lieut-Colonel Commandant, St. James's Batt. 

of Loyal Volunteers, Dec. 26, 1797 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

1802-May 16, 1804 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

June, 1804; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Sicily, Dec. 16, 

1808 ; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 30, 181 5 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to China, Feb. 8, 

1816-Aug. 17, 1817 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George IV., 

Jan. 29, 1820-Mnrch, 1823 ; 
Governor-General of Bengal, Oct. 23, 1822- 

March 23, 1828 ; 
cr. Viscount Holmesdale, & Earl Amherst, 

Dec. 2, 1826 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George IV, 

Nov. 21, 1829-July, 1830 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King William IV, 

July 24, iS3o-June, 1S37 5 
G.C.H., 1834; 

m. (1) Sarah, dotuagcr- Countess of Plymouth, 

July 24, 1800 ; 
;;/. (2) Mary, dowager- Countess of Plymouth, 

June 25, 1839; 

d. March 13, 1857. 



Earls. 



1844 — 'A middle-sized, thin, 
& lively old man.' — Dr. 
C. G. Carus, The King of 
Saxony's Journey to Eng- 
land, p. 42. 




1857- William Pitt Amherst II., son of William Pitt I. : Earl Amherst, 

Viscount Holmesdale, & Baron Amherst of 
Montreal. 

B. Sept. 3, 1805 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

st. Lord Holmesdale, 1826-1857 ; 

B.A. of Oxford, Jan. 31, 1828; 

Captain, West Kent Regt. of Militia, Jan. 22, 

1829; 
M.P., East Grinstead, 1830; & 1831-1832 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Kent, Feb. 16, 1831 ; 
Captain, West Kent Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Feb. 17, 1S31 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl Amherst, March 13, 1857 ; 

m. Gertrude, 6th d. of Hon. 6° Right Rev. Hugh 
Percy, Bishop of Carlisle, July 12, 1834. 



Earls. 



Arms — Gules, 3 tilting spears erect or, points argent. 

Crest --On amount vert 3 tilting spears, points upwards, one in pale & two in 
saltire as in the arms, entwined by a wreath of laurel proper. 

Supporters — Dexter, a Canadian Indian of a copper colour, his exterior arm em- 
bowed holding an axe erect proper, rings in his nose & ears, & bracelets on his 
arms & wrists argent, over his shoulders 2 buff belts in saltire, suspended 
from one his powder horn on his right side, & from the other his scalping knife 
on his left ; before him a short apron azure, tied round the waist with a belt 
gules, fimbriated or, on the legs blue gaiters seamed gold, his ankles fettered 
together, & the chain affixed to the bracelet on his exterior wrist proper. 
Sinister, a similar Indian, holding in his exterior hand a wand, the lower end 
resting on his hip, & on the upper end a scalp proper. 

MOITO— CONSTANTIA ET VIRTUTE. 



VOL. I. 



4 2 



ANCASTER. 



'7i5- 



ANCASTER. 



BERTIE. 

Robert Bertie III., son of Robert, 3rd Earl of Lindsey (2) : Duke 

of Ancaster & Kesteven, Marquis & Earl 
of Lindsey, & Baron Willoughby of Eresby. 

B. before 1660; 

st. Lord Willoughby d'Eresby, 1 666-1 701 ; 

M.P., Boston, 1685 ; & 1689 ; 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Feb. , 

1689-Apnl 28, 1697 ; 
M.P., Preston, 1690 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Willoughby d'Eresby, 

April 21, 1690 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Lincoln, April 4, 1701 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Lindsey, May 8, 1701 ; 
Lord Great Chamberlain of England ; 
Ranger and Keeper of Waltham Forest, co. 

Essex, 1 701 ; 
cr. Marquis of Lindsey, Dec. 21, 1706 ; 
One of the Lords Justices of Great Britain, 

Aug. i-Sept. 18, 1714; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. r, 1714; 
cr. Duke of Ancaster & Kesteven, July 29, 

171S i 
F.R.S. ; 

m. (1) Mary, d. of Sir Richard IVynn, of 

Gzvydyr, July 30, 1678 ; 
m. (2) Albina, d. of Major- General William 

Farringto/i, July 5, 1705; 

d. July 26, 1723. 



1704. — ' Handsome in his per- 
son ; of a fair complexion.' 
— J. Macky, Characters, 

P-95- 



[JlKKS. 



Pat. 



Gaz. 



ANCASTER. 



43 



1723. Peregrine Bertie II., 2nd son of Robert III. (1): Duke of Ancaster 

& Kesteven, Marquis & Earl of Lindsey, & 
Baron Willoughby of Eresby. 

B. April 29, 1686 ; 

st. Lord Willoughby, 1708-1715 ; 

M.P., co. Lincoln, 1708; i7io;& 1713-1715; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Carnarvon, Dec. 1, 17 14; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Willoughby of 
Eresby, March 16, 1715 ; 

st. Marquis of Lindsey, 1715-1723; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George I., 
May 9, 1 719; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Ancaster, July 26, 1723 ; 

Lord Great Chamberlain of England ; 

Privy Councillor, Jan. 3, 1724 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Lin- 
coln, Feb. 3, 1724 ; 

Ranger & Keeper of Waltham Forest, co. 
Essex ; 

Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 
Forests North of Trent, June 25, 1734; 

F.R.S. ; 

m. Jane, d. cV co-h. of Sir John Broumlow, 
Bart., of Be/ton, co. Lincoln; 

d. Jan. 1, 1742. 



1742. Peregrine Bertie III., son of Peregrine II. : Duke of Ancaster 

&: Kesteven, Marquis & Earl of Lindsey, & 
Baron Willoughby of Eresby. 

B. before 1720 ; 

st. Marquis of Lindsey, 1723-1742 ; 

succ. as 3rd Duke of Ancaster & Kesteven, 
Jan. 1, 1742 ; 

Lord Great Chamberlain of England ; 

Privy Councillor, Feb. 20, 1742 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Lin- 
coln, March 13, 1742; 



g 2 



Dukes. 



44 




ANCASTER. 








Colonel in the Army, Oct. 4, 1745 ; 


DUKHS. 






Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, Nov., 1745 ; 








Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II. 








March 17, 1755 ; 


Appmt. Bk. 






Major-General, March 19, 1755; 


95- 






Lieutenant-General, Feb. 3. 1759 ; 








Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 








Nov. 25, 1760 ; 


Appmt. Bk. 






Master of the Horse to the Queen, (Charlotte), 


98. 






May 29, 1765 ; 








Master of the Horse, Dec. 3, 1766; 








General in the Army, May 25, 1772 ; 








Ranger & Keeper of Waltham Forest, co. 








Essex ; 








Recorder of Boston ; 








m. (1) Elizabeth (Blunden), widow of 'Sir Charles 








Gunttr Nichol, K.B., May 22, 1735 > 








vi. (2) Mary, d. of Thomas Panto n, of New- 








market, Nov. 25, 1750 ; 








d. Aug. 12, 1778. 




1778. 


Robert Bertie IV. 


2nd son of Peregrine III. (2) : Duke of Ancaster 
& Kesteven, Marquis & Earl of Lindsey, & 
Baron Willoughby of Eresby. 

B. Oct. 17, 1756; 

st. Marquis of Lindsev, 1758-177S ; 

Lieutenant, 7th (Royal Fusilier) Regt. of Foot, 

May 21, 1776 ; 
Captain, 15th Regt. of Foot, Jan. 20, 1778 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to General Clinton, (America), 

1778; 
succ. as 4th Duke of Ancaster & Kesteven, 




'Cast 


by nature in an athletic 


Aug. 12, 177S; 




mould'.'— Sir N. \V. Wrax- 


Lord Great Chamberlain of England ; 




ALI., 


Post. Mem. I. p. 22. 


Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Lin- 




' In hi 


; person manly graceful - 


coln, Dec. 15, 1778; 




ness 
dign 


was added to natural 
ity.' — Epitaph. 


Privy Councillor, Feb. 12, 1779 ; 

d. July 8, 1779. 





A NC ASTER. 



45 



1779- 



Brownlow Bertie, uncle of Robert IV. : Duke of Ancaster & 

Kesteven, & Marquis & Earl of Lindsey. 

B. May i, 1729 ; 

st. Lord Brownlow Bertie, 1729-1779; 

M.P., co. Lincoln, 1761 ; 1768 ; & 1774-1779 ; 

succ. as 5th Duke of Ancaster & Kesteven, 
JulyS, 1779; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Lin- 
coln, Aug. 9, 1779 ; 

Vice-Admiral, co. Lincoln ; 

Recorder of Boston, 1792 ; 

vi. (1) Harriott, d. of Gecrge Morton Pitt, Esq., 

Nov. 1, 1762 ; 
m. (2) Mary- A we, d. of Major Peter Layard, 

Jan. 2, 1769 ; 

d. Feb. 8, 1809. 



Arms — Argent 3 battering-rams barways armed & garnished azure. 
Crests — 1. On a wreath the bust of a king (named Conn) coupe at the breast, 
crowned ducally or (Willoughby). 
2. A pine-tree proper (Bertie). 
Supporters — Dexter, a pilgrim or friar, habited in russet, his staff & beads or. 
Sinister, a savage wreathed about the middle & temples with ivy, all proper. 

Motto— Loyaulte me oblige. 



Dukes. 



+ 



+ 



4 6 



ANGLESE Y. 



ANGLESEY. 



VILLIERS. 



Earls, 
Marquis. 



1623. Christopher Villiers, brother of George, Duke of Buckingham : 

Earl of Anglesey, & Baron Villiers of Daventry. 

B. after April, 1593 ; 

st. Christopher Villiers, Esq., 1616-1623 ; 

Gentleman of the Horse to King James I., 
1616 ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James L, 
Feb. 4, 1 61 7 ; 

Master of the Robes to the King, Feb., 161 7 ; 

cr. Baron Villiers of Daventry, & Earl of An- 
glesey, April 23, 1623 ; 

Keeper of the Mansion House of Hampton 
Court, Dec. 6, 1628 ; 

Keeper of the North and South Parks of Bushey, 
March 4, 1629 ; 

High Steward of the Honour of Hampton 
Court ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Sheldon, Esq., of 
Houby, eo. Leicester, (before) Aug. 1628 ; 

d. Sept. 24, 1630. 




Afier G. Honthorst. 



Carew Let- 
ters, p. 85. 



Dom. exxii. 
21. 

Pat. pt. 1. 




ANGLESEY. 



47 



1630. Charles Villiers, son of Christopher : Earl of Anglesey, & Baron 

Villiers of Daventry. 

B. about 1628 ; 

st. Lord Daventry ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Anglesey, Sept. 24, 1630 ; 

m. Mary (Bayn/ng), Dowager- Viscountess Gran- 
dison, after 1643 ; 

d. j 660. 

ARMS— Quarterly of 6: I, Argent, on a cross gules 5 escallops or, in the dexter 
chief canton an annukt of the second; 2, Sable, a fess between 3 cinquefoils 
pierced argent; 3, Gules, a cheveron between 3 cross crosslets fitchee argent; 
4, Per pale gules & sable, a lion rampant argent, crowned or; 5, Azure, a bend 
between 3 mullets pierced argent; 6, Argent, a cross, & in the 1st & 4th 
quarters, an annulet vert. 

CREST — On a wreath argent & gules, a lion rampant of the first, crowned or, with 
an annulet for difference. 

Supporters— Two lions or, each gorged with a plain collar ; the dexter, gules 
charged with 3 escallops, the sinister, azure charged with 3 demi fleursdelys of 
the first. 

Motto— Sine malo ingento. 



+ + 



ANNESLEY. 

1661. Arthur Annesley I., son of Francis, Viscount Valentia: Earl of 

Anglesey, & Baron Annesley of Newport- 
Paganel ; Viscount Valentia, Baron Mountnorris 
of Mountnorris, & a Baronet, of Ireland. 

B. July 10, 16 14 ; 

educ. Magdalen Coll., Oxford ; 

stud. Lincoln's Inn ; 

M.P., co. Radnor, [1645]-! 653 ; 

Joint Commissioner from the Parliament, & 
Governor in Ulster, Sept. 16, 1645 ; 

First Commissioner from the Parlt. for the Go- 
vernment of Ireland, April 21, 1647 ; 

M.P., Dublin, (English Parlt.,) 1659-1660 ; 

M.P , Carmarthen, 1660 ; & 1661 ; 

Member of the Council of State, Feb. 23, 1660 ; 



EaKI.5. 



Willis, iii. 
254. 

Journ. H. of 
C. iv. 276. 



Ibid v. 149. 

Willis, iii. 

299. 

Journ. H. of 
C vii. 849. 



48 



ANGLESE Y. 




After Sir P. Lely. 



A man of a grave deport- 
ment.' — Burnet, Oivn 
Time, I. p. 166. 



President of the Council of State, Feb. -May, 

1660 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 31, 1660 ; 
Vice-Treasurer & Receiver-General of the King's 

Revenues in Ireland, Aug. 31, 1660- 

July 2, 1667 ; 
succ. as 2nd Viscount Valentia, Nov., 1660 ; 
Captain of a Troop of Horse (Ireland), Dec. 13, 

1660 ; 
cr. Baron Annesley of Newport Paganel, & 

Earl of Anglesey, April 20, 1661 ; 
Chief Commissioner to treat with Prince Maurice 

of Nassau & the Ambassador of Branden- 
burg, June 20, 1 661; 
Privy Councillor, of Ireland, July 27, 1662 ; 
a Commissioner of Appeal for Prizes, Dec 18, 

1666; 
Treasurer of the Navy, July 2, 1667-Nov. 2, 

1668 ; 
Joint Commissioner to inspect affairs of Ireland, 

Feb. 4, 1672 ; 
Joint Commissioner for the Settlement of Ire- 
land, Aug. 1, 1672 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, April 22, 1673- 

Oct. 27, 1682 ; 
a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, July 9, 

1673-May 14, 1679 ; 
Treasurer of the Navy, Sept. 15, 1673; 
Steward of Mellinith, & the Royal Manors in 

co. Radnor, Aug., 1675-Oct., 1682 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1679 ; 
F.R.S., April 23, 1668; 
;//. Elizabeth, d. & co.-h. of Sir fames Altham, 

Kfit., [1640]; 

d. April 6, 1686. 



Earl. 

Clarendon, 
H. vii. 468. 



Pat. 



Carte MSS. 
xli. 158 



Dom. Corr. 

Hyde Corr. 
i. 50. 

Dom. 
clxxxii. 33. 

Pat. 



Pat. 



Signet Bk. 




ANGLESEY. 



49 



16S6. James Annesley L, son of Arthur I. : Earl of Anglesey, & Baron 

Annesleyof Nevvport-Paganel ; Viscount Valen- 
tia, Baron Mountnorris of Mountnorris, & a 
Baronet, of Ireland. 

B. before 1641 ; 

Captain of Foot, (Ireland), Dec, 1660 ; 

st. Lord Annesley, 1661-1686 j 

F.R.S., May 20, 1663; 

M.P., Winchester, 1679; 1679-1681; & 1685- 

1686 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Anglesey, April 6, 1686 ; 

m. Lady Elizabeth Manners, 4th d. of John, 
8th Earl of Rutland ; 

d. March, 1690. 

1690. James Annesley II., son of James I. : Earl of Anglesey, & Baron 

Annesley of Newport- Paganel ; Viscount Valen- 
tia, Baron Mountnorris of Mountnorris, & a 
Baronet, of Ireland. 

B. before April, 1675 ; 

st. Lord Annesley, 1686-1690 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Anglesey, March, 1690; 

m. Lady Catherine Darnley, not. d. of King 
James LL, Oct. 28, 1699 ; 

d. Jan. 19, 1702. 

1702. John Annesley, brother of James II. : Earl of Anglesey, & Baron 

Annesley of Newport-Paganel ; Viscount Valen- 
tia, Baron Mountnorris of Mountnorris, & a 
Baronet, of Ireland. 

Bapt. Jan. 18, 1676; 

st. Hon. John Annesley, Esq., 1686-1702 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Anglesey, Jan. 19, 1702; 
Joint Vice-Treasurer, Receiver, & Paymaster- 
General for Ireland, July 10, 17 10 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 10, 1710; 

m. Lady Henrietta Stanley, d. of William Rich- 
ard George, Eai'l of Derby, May 21, 1 706 ; 

d. Sept. 18, 1710, 
vol. 1. H 



Eaki.s. 



Carte MSS. 
xli. 215. 



Farnbo- 
rough Re- 
gister. 



Gaz. 
Ibid. 



5° 



ANGLESE V. 



1 710. Arthur Annesley II., brother of John : Earl of Anglesey, & Baron 

Annesley of Newport-Paganel ; Viscount Valen- 
tia, Baron Mountnorris of Mountnorris, & a 
Baronet, of Ireland. 

B. after Sept., 1676 ; 

st. Hon. Arthur Annesley, Esq., 16:16-1710; 

ecluc. Magdalen Coll. Cambridge; 

M. A. of Cambridge ; 

Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King Wil- 
liam III., Jan. r3, 1691 ; 

Fellow of Magdalen Coll., 1700; 

M.P., University of Cambridge, 1702 ; 1705 ; 
& 1708-1710 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Anglesey, Sept. 18, 1710 ; 

Joint Vice-Treasurer, Receiver, and Paymaster- 
General for Ireland, Sept. 29, 1710-Feb. 8, 

1715 ; 

Privy Councillor, Oct. 9, 17 10 ; 

Privy Councillor, of Ireland, July 9, 171 1; 

One of the Lords Justices of Great Britain, 

Aug. i-Sept. 18, 1 7 14; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 1, 17 14; 
a Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 

George I., Oct. 4, 17 14; 
High Steward of the University of Cambridge, 

Feb. 9, 1722 ; 

vi. Hon. Alary Thompson, d. of John. \st Lord 
Haversham, Jan., 1702; 

d. March 31, 1737. 



1737. Richard Annesley, cousin of Arthur II. : Earl of Anglesey, & Baron 

Annesley of Newport-Paganel ; Viscount Valen- 
tia, Baron Mountnorris of Mountnorris, Baron 
Altham of Altham, & a Baronet, of Ireland. 

B. before Nov., 1701 ; 

succ. as 5th Baron Altham of Altham, (in Ire- 
land), Nov. 17, 1727 ; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Anglesey, March 31, 1737 ; 
Colonel, Wexford Regt. of Militia, July 1 1, 1740 ; 



Earls. 



Establ. 
Bk. 17. 

MS. Add. 
5851- 



C. H. C. 

iv. 168. 



ANGLESEY. 



5i 



1815. 



111. (1) Anne, d. 6° //. of Captain John Print, 
of Monkley, co. Devon, Jan. 24, 17 15 ; 
(d. Aug. 13, 1741) ; 

///. (2) Juliana Donovan, Sept. 15, 1741 ; 

d. Feb. 14, 1 761. 

Arms — Paly of 6 argent & azure, over all a bend gules. 

Crest — On a wreath, a Moor's head & breast, in profile & couped proper, wreath- 
ed about the temples argent & sable. 

Supporters — On the dexter side, a Roman knight; on the sinister, a Moorish 
prince, both habited & furnished proper. 

Motto — Virtutis amore. 



+ 



PAGET. 

Henry William Paget, son of Henry, Earl of Uxbridge : Marquis 

of Anglesey, Earl of Uxbridge, Baron Paget of 
Beaudesert, & a Baronet of Ireland. 

B. May 17, 1768; 

st. Lord Paget, 1 784-181 2 ; 

M.P., Carnarvon, 1 790-1 796; 

Captain, Staffordshire Regt. of Militia, Dec. 12, 
1792; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, (temporary rank), 80th Regc. 
of Foot, Sept. 30, 1793 ; 

Lieutenant, 7th (Royal Fusilier) Regt. of Foot, 
April 14, 1795 ;. 

Captain, 23rd (Royal Welsh Fusilier) Regt. of 
Foot, April 14, 1795 ; 

Major, 65th Regt. of Foot, May 25, 1795 \ 

Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant, 80th (Stafford- 
shire Volunteer) Regt. of Foot, May 30, 

1795 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 16th Regt. of Light Dra- 
goons, June 16, 1795 ; 

Colonel in the Army, May 3, 1796 ; 

M.P., Milborne Port, 1796; 1802-1804 ; 
1806; & 1807-1810 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 7th (' Queen's Own ') Regt. 
of Light Dragoons, April 6, 1797 ; 
h 2 




After Sir T. Lawrence. 



Earl, 
Makquis. 



5 2 



ANGLESEY. 



1815. — 'Lord Uxbridge had a 
noble presence — his carriage 
was erect, his figure be- 
tokened strength & activity, 
and his demeanour was dig- 
nified ; in his splendid uni- 
form he was the beau-ideal 
of a dashing Hussar. ' — Lord 
Wm. Pitt Lennox, Cele- 
brities I have Known, I., 
P- 171- 



1S17. — ' A tall, well-made 
man ; wild martial face, high 
forehead, with a large hawk's 
nose, which makes a small 
deep angle where it joins 
the forehead. A great deal 
of ease in his manners.' — 
Baron Stockmar, Me- 
moirs, I., p. 53. 



1832.— 'The Marquis, although 
not young, has still a very 
fine person ; & his artificial 
leg & foot rival the other a 
s'y meprendre. On the whole, 
I know few Englishmen who 
have so good a tournure. 
.... No man has a more 
polished or graceful address.' 
— Prince Puckler-Mus- 
KAU, Tour of a German 
Prince, II., pp. 83-84. 



Colonel, 7th (' Queen's Own ') Regt. of Light 

Dragoons, (afterwards Hussars), May 16, 

1801 ; 
Major-General, April 19, 1802 ; 
Lieutenant-General, April 25, 1808 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Uxbridge, March 13, 18 12 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Gustos Rotulorum, co. 

Anglesey, April 21, 181 2; 
Constable of Carnarvon Castle, April 28, 181 2 ; 
Chamberlain & Chancellor of North Wales ; 
Ranger of Snowdon Forest ; 
Vice- Admiral of North Wales, & co. Carmarthen; 
G.C.B., April 12, 18 15; 
Commander of the Allied Cavalry (Netherlands), 

April 28-June 18, 1 81 5 ; 
cr. Marquis of Anglesey, July 4, 18 15 ; 
Commander of Maria-Theresa, of Austria, 

Aug. 21, 1815 ; 
Knight of the Second Class of St. George, of 

Russia, Aug. 21, 181 5 ; 
G.C.H., 1816; 
K.G., Feb. 19, 1S18 ; 
General in the Army, Aug. 12, 1819 ; 
Lord High Steward of England for Coron. of 

King George IV., July 19, 1821 ; 
Captain of Cowes Castle, March 25, 1826 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 30, 1827 ; 
Master-General of the Ordnance, April 30, 

1827-Jan. 29, 1828 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Feb. 27, 1828- 

March, 1829 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 

1828-1829; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Dec. 23, 1830- 

Sept. 1833 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 

1830-1833 ; 
Colonel, Royal Regt. of Horse Guards, & Gold 

Stick, Dec. 20, 1842 ; 
Master-General of the Ordnance, July 8, 1846- 

Feb. 27, 1852 ; 



Marquis. 



ANGLESE Y. 



53 



Field-Marshal, Nov. 9, 1846 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Stafford, (swn.) Jan. 31, 1849; 

m. (1) Lady Caroline Elizabeth Villicrs, yd d. 
of George, qth Earl of Jersey, July 25, 

1795 I 
in. (2) Lady Charlotte Cadogan, 2/idd. of Charles, 
1st Earl Cadogan, 18 10 ; 

d. April 29, 1854. 



Marquises. 




1854. Henry Paget, son of Henry William (1) : Marquis of Anglesey, 

Earl of Uxbridge, Baron Paget of Beaudesert, 
& a Baronet of Ireland. 

B. July 6, 1797 ; 

st. Lord Paget, 1812-1815 ; 

Cornet, 2nd (' North British') Regt. of Dragoons, 
July 14, 1814 ; 

Lieutenant, 7th (' Queen's Own ') Regt. of Hus- 
sars, July 21, 1814 ; 

st. Earl of Uxbridge, 1815-1854 ; 

Captain, 7th (' Queen's Own ') Regt. of Hussars, 
Feb. 27, 1817 ; 

Captain, 1st Regt. of Life Guards, March 8, 
1820 ; 

M.P., co. Anglesey, 1S20 ; 1826 ; 1830 ; & 
1831-1832 ; 

Major, istRegt. of Life Guards, June 17, 1823 ; 

Lieutenant- Colonel in the Army, Aug. 5, 1823 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Paget of Beaudesert, 
Jan. 15, 1833; 

Lord in Waiting to the Queen, Oct. n, 1837 > 

Colonel in the Army, June 28, 1838 ; 



54 



ANGLESEY. 



Lord Chamberlain of the Household, May 6, 

1839-Sept. 8, 1841 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 22, 1839; 
succ. as 2nd Marquis of Anglesey, April 29, 

1854; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Anglesey, (swn.) June 8, 1854 ; 

111. (1) Eleanor a, d. of Col. John Campbell, 

Aug. 5, 1 81 9; 
in. (2) Henrietta Maria, d. of the Rt. Hon. Sir 

Charles Bagot, Aug. 27, 1833 ; 
in. (3) Ellen yene, Mrs. Bell,d. of George Bur- 

naud, Esq., March 8, i860; 

d. Feb. 6, 1869. 

1S69. Henry William George Paget, son of Henry (1): Marquis of 

Anglesey, Earl of Uxbridge, Baron Paget of 
Beaudesert, & a Baronet of Ireland. 

B. Dec. 9, 182 1 ; 
st. Lord Paget, 1 821-1854 ; 
Captain, Staffordshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 
March 26, 1839 ; 



Marquises, 



Regt. 



of 



(See Appendix.) 



Ensign & Lieutenant, Grenadier 
Foot Guards, May 21, 1841 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, May 16, 1851 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Staffordshire Regt. of Mi- 
litia, Jan. 5, 1 853-1 85 5; 

st. Earl of Uxbridge, 1854-1869 ; 

M.P., South Staffordshire, 1854-1857 ; 

succ. as 3rd Marquis of Anglesey, Feb. 6, 
1869 ; 

111. Sophia, 2nd. d. of J 'antes Evasfeld, Esq., of 
Diane Park, Sussex, June 7, 1845; 

d. Jan. 30, 1S80. 



Arms — Sable, on a cross engrailed between 4 eagles displayed argent, 5 lions 
passant gardant of the field. 

Crest — A demi heraldic tiger sable, maned, tufted, & ducally collared argent. 

Supporters— Two heraldic tigers sable, maned, tufted, & ducally collared argent. 

Motto— Per il suo cqntrario. 



ANGUS. 



55 



1297. 



ANGUS. 



UMFRA VILLE. 

Gilbert de Umfraville IV., son of Gilbert III., Baron of Prudhoe : 

Earl of Angus, in Scotland, Baron of Prudhoe, 
Redesdale, & Harbottle. 

B. after 1243 ; 

succ. as 7th Baron de Umfraville, April, 

_ 1245; 
Knight ; 

st. Earl of Angus, 1267 ; 
Governor of the district of Angus, 1291 ; 
Governor of Dundee & Forfar Castles, 1291 ; 
Commander in English Army, (France), 1294 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Earl of Angus, Jan. 26, 

1297; 
Commander in English Army, (Scotland), 1298; 
a Commissioner to fortify the royal Castles in 

Scotland, & to guard the Marches, July 15, 

1299; 

;//. Agnes, yd d. of Alexander, Earl of Buchan ; 

d. 1308. 




From Rotul. Cott. xv. 8. 

' De goules a un cinquefoile 
dor, poudre de crois croise- 
lettes (fitchee) dor.' 



1309. Robert de Umfraville IV., 2nd son of Gilbert IV. : Earl of Angus, 

Baron Umfraville of Prudhoe, Redesdale, & 
Harbottle. 

B. 1278 ; 

Knight ; 

Joint Warden, co. Northumberland, Nov. 8, 

i3°7 ; 
Joint Lieutenant & Guardian of Scotland, 
June 21, 1308 ; 



Earls. 



Cart. 51, 
Hen. III. 
R. Scotiae, 
m. 9. 
Ibid. 



MS.Harl. 
6589. 

R. Claus. 
i, m. 10. 



Pari. Writs, 
»• i37- 



R. Pat. 
m. 2. 



56 



ANGUS. 



T 33 2 - 



Captain & Chief Guardian of Scotland, Aug. 20, 

1308; 
Chief Plenipotentiary to treat with the Scots, 

Nov. 14, 1308 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Earl of Angus, March 4, 

i3°9; 
Chief Plenipotentiary to treat with the Scots, 

Feb. 16, 13 10 ; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the royal 

Forests, North of Trent, Feb. 19, 1315; 
Chief Commissioner to treat with Robert Bruce, 

Feb. 22, 1316 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland, 

March 18, 13 17 ; 
Joint Warden, co. Northumberland, Oct. 27, 

1319 1 

Warden of the coasts of Northumberland, 
Aug. 4, 1324 ; 

m. (1) Lucy, d. of Philip de Ky me; 
m. (2) Alianor de ; 

d- 1325- 



Gilbert de Umfraville V., son of Robert IV. (1) : Earl of Angus, 

Baron Umfraville of Prudhoe, Redesdale, & 
Harbottle. 

B. before 1322 ; 

Knight ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Earl of Angus, Jan. 27,1332; 

Commissioner of Array in co. Northumberland, 
April 25, 1338 ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland, 
April 28, 1340 ; 

Chief Justice in the Marches towards Scotland, 
Dec. 1, 1343 ; 

Chief Justice Itinerant in the Bishopric of Dur- 
ham, April 15, 1345; 

Chief Guardian of the Truce with Scotland, 
April 19, 1345 ; 



Earls. 
P. Writs, 
ii. 378. 

R. Scot ice, 
m. 12. 



R. Scot, 
m. 3. 

R. Orig. 17. 



R. Scot, 
m. 4. 

R. Scot, 
m. 14. 

Pari. Writs. 
i. 526. 



R. Vase, 
m. 28, d. 



Feed, ii.1030. 



R. Scot. 
m. 10. 

R. Scot, 
m. 3. 

R. pat. 1, 
m. 18, d. 

R. Scot. 
m. 4. 



, ► _ 

ANGUS. 57 




Chief Commissioner of Array, & Captain in cos. 
Nottingham, Derby, Lancaster, York, Nor- 
thumberland, Cumberland, & Westmore- 






land, June 8, 1345 ; 


R. Scot. 




Chief Commissioner to receive homage from 


m. 3. 




Scots, Nov. 3, 1346 ; 


Ibid. m. 4. 




Justice of the Peace for the Parts of Lindsey, 




r 


co. Lincoln, Dec. 15, 1353; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in co. Northumber- 


R. pat. 2, 
dors. 




land, Nov. 16, 1359 ; 


Ibid. 3, m. 
7, dors. 




Chief Guardian of the Truce in the East Marches, 


R. Scot, 
m. 5. 




Sept. 20, 1367 ; 




Joint Warden of the East Marches, Oct. 16, 


Ibid. m. 2. 




1369 ; 






Chief Surveyor of the East Marches, & Com- 






missioner to treat with Scotland, July 6, 


Ibid. m. 2. 




1370; 






Joint Warden of the East & West Marches, 
Oct. 12, 137 1 j 


Ibid. m. 2. 




Chief Warden of the West Marches, Feb. 25, 






i37 2 ; 


Ibid. m. 4. 




Chief Warden of the Marches of Northumber- 






land, May 3, 1372 ; 


Ibid. 




m. Maud, sister &> //. of Anthony, \th Baron 






de Lucy ; 






d. Jan. 7, 1 38 1. 




+ + + 




VOL. I. 


1 





53 



ANSON. 



ANSON. 



ANSON. 



1747. George Anson, 2nd 



After Sir J. Reynolds. 



' Handsome & well formed, 
. . . . rather above the 
middle size; in movement 
easy & unaffected, & with a 
complexion fair & sanguine, 
but in the expression of the 
face more grave than impas- 
sioned, sedate rather than 
melancholy.' — Lives of the 
British Admirals, VI. 3S8. 



son of William Anson, Esq. 
Soberton. 



Baron Anson of 




B. April 23, 1697 ; 

Lieutenant, R.N., May 9, 17 16 ; 

Commander, June 19, 1722 ; 

Post-Captain, Feb. 1, 1724; 

Commodore, (African station). 1737 ; 

Commodore, in the Pacific, 1 740-1 744 ; 

Rear-Admiral of the Blue, June 23, 1744; 

M.P., Hedon, 1 744-1 747 ; 

a Lord of the Admiralty, Dec. 27, 1744-June, 

I75 1 ; 
Rear- Admiral of the White, April 20, 1745 ; 

Vice- Admiral of the Blue, July 14, 1746 ; 

Commander-in-Chief of the Channel Fleet, 

July 31, 1746; 
cr. Baron Anson of Soberton, June 13, 1747; 
Vice-Admiral of the Red. July 15, 1747 ; 
Admiral of the Blue, May 12, 1748 ; 
Vice- Admiral of Great Britain, July 12, 1749; 
Privy Councillor, March 29, 1750 ; 
First Lord of the Admiralty, June 17, 1751- 

Nov. 20, 1756 ; 
Admiral & Commander-in-Chief of the Fleet ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, March 30, 1752; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Jan. 18, 1755; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, April 28, 1755 ; 
Admiral of the White, Feb. 24, 1757; 
First Lord of the Admiralty, July 2, 1757; 
Commander-in-Chief of the Channel Fleet, 



Barons, 

Viscounts. 



Comm. Bk. 



May 



1758; 



ANSON. 



59 



Admiral & Commander-in-Chief of the Fleet, 
July 30, 1761 ; 

111. Hon. Elizabeth Yorke, d. of Philip, 1st Lord 

Hardwicke, April 25, 1748 ; 
his patent of Viscount was being prepared, 

when he 

d. June 7, 1762. 



Barons, 
Viscounts. 




Arms — Argent 3 bends engrailed, & in the sinister chief point a crescent gules. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a spear-head proper. 

Supporters — Dexter, a sea-horse argent. Sinister, a sea-lion of a dun mouse- 
colour, each gorged with 4 gemels or. 

Motto — Nil desperandum. 



1806. Thomas Anson, grand-nephew of George : Viscount Anson of Shug- 

borough & Orgrave, & Baron Soberton of 
Soberton. 

B. Feb. 14, 1767 ; 

st. Thomas Anson, Esq., 1 785-1 S06 ; 

M.P., Lichfield, 1789 ; 1790 ; 1796 ; & 1802- 

1806 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, Dec. 22, 1791; 
cr. Baron Soberton of Soberton, & Viscount 

Anson of Shugborough & Orgrave, Feb. 17, 

1S06 ; 



111. Anne Margaret, d. of Thomas William Coke, 
Esq., of Holkham, Sept. 15, 1794; 

After T.Phillip, d.July 3 I, iSlS. 




6o 



ANSON. 



1S18. Thomas William Anson, son of Thomas : Viscount Anson of Shug- 

borough & Orgrave, & Baron Soberton of 
Soberton. 

B. Oct. 20, 1795 ; 

st. Hon. Thomas W. Anson, 1806-1818 ; 

M.P., Yarmouth, 1818 ; 

succ. as 2nd Viscount Anson, July 31, 1818 ; 

Major, Staffordshire Regt. of Yeomanry, Sept., 

27, 1S19; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, do., Dec. 17, 1829; 
Master of the Buckhounds, Nov. 24, 1830 ; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 24, 1830 ; 
cr. Earl of Lichfield, Sept. 15, 1831 ; 

see title Lichfield. 



Barom. 
Viscount. 



Arms— Quarterly of 4. 1. Argent, 3 bends engrailed, & in the sinister chief 
point a crescent gules — Anson. 2. Ermine, 3 cats-a-mountain passant gar- 
dant, in pale sable — Adams. 3. Azure, 3 salmons naiant, in pale, per pale 
or & argent — Sambrooke. 4. Sable, a bend or, between 3 spears' heads 
argent — Carrier. 

Crests— 1. Out of a ducal coronet or, a spear-head proper — Anson. 

2. A grey-hound's head erased ermines, gorged with a collar double 
gemel or— Adams. 

Supporters — Dexter, a sea-horse, & sinister, a lion gar dan t; both proper, & 
each gorged with a collar double gemel or. 

Motto— Nil desperandum. 



ARLINGTON. 



6t 



ARLINGTON. 



BEN NET. 

1665. Henry Bennet, 2nd son of Sir John Bennet, Knt. : Earl of Arling- 
ton, Viscount Thetford, & Baron Arlington of 
Arlington. 

B. 1618 ; 

educ. Westminster, & Christchurch College. 
Oxford ; 

M.A. of Oxford, 1642 ; 

Volunteer in the Royal Army ; 

Secretary to Lord Digby, 1644-1646 ; 

Secretary to James, Duke of York, 1649-1658 ; 

Knight, (by King Charles II.), March, 1657; 

Envoy to Madrid, Jan. 2, 1658-April, 1661 ; 

Keeper of the Privy Purse, Aug. 2, 1661 ; 

Secretary of State, Oct. 2, 1662-Sept, 1674 ; 

Privy Councillor, Oct. 15, 1662 ; 

a Commissioner for the government of Tangier, 
1662 ; 

M.P., Kellington, 1663-1665 ; 

Vice-Lieutenant, cos. Cumberland & Westmore- 
land, July, 1663-Dec, 1664 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Sept. 28, 1663 \ 

Controller of all prize ships & goods, March, 
1665; 

cr. Baron Arlington of Arlington, March 14, 
1665 ; 

a Commissioner of Appeal for prizes, Aug. 13, 
1666; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, Jan. 7, 1667 ; 

Keeper of Greenwich House & Park, & High 
Steward of Sayes Court, East & West Green- 
wich, Deptford, & Stroud, March, 1670 ; 




' He could never shake off a 
little air of formality that an 
embassy to Spain had in- 
fected him with ; but it only 
hung about his mien.' — 
John, Duke of Bucking- 
hamshire, Works, II. 62. 

' II avait parfaitement attrape, 
par son exterieur, le serieux 
tV la gravite des Espagnols. 
.... 11 avait une cicatrice 
au travers du nez, que couv- 
rait une Iongue mouche, ou, 



Earls, 
Countess. 



Establ. 
Bk. 98. 



Dom. 
lxxxiii. 98. 



Signet Bk. 



Pat. p. 4. 



Signet Bk. 



pour mieux dire, une petite 
emplatre en losange.' — 
Ant. Hamilton, Mem. de 
Grammont, I. p. 203. 

'The best bred &' [most] 
' courtly person his Majesty 
has about him.' — J. Eve- 
lyn', Diary, p. 396. 

'E il piu manieroso & obli- 
gante ministro che abbia la 
corte d' Inghilterra.' — PlE- 
tro Mocenigo, Relazione, 
P- 459- 

' He may well be reckoned in 
the number of the finest gen- 
tlemen of the time.' — Lord 
Clarendon, State Papas, 
III. Suppl. lxxxi. 



cr. Viscount Thetford, & Earl of Arlington, 

April 22, 1672 ; 
K.G., June 15, 1672 ; 
Joint Plenipotentiary to the Conference of 

Utrecht, June, 1672 ; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Sept. 1 1, 

1674-Feb , 1685 ; 
Secret Envoy to the Prince of Orange, Nov. [9], 

1674 ; 
Postmaster-General, June 28, 1677 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1679 ; 
Keeper of the Park & Forest of Whittlewood, 

Jan. 12, 1680 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Suffolk, March 12, 1681 ; 
High Steward of the Revenues to the Queen, 

(Katharine of Braganza), [1682]; 
Councillor to the Queen, [1682]; 
High Steward of Kingston-on-Thames ; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Feb. 16, 

16S5; 

in. Isabella, d. of Louis de Nassau, Lord of 
Beverwaert, 1666 ; 

d. July 28, 1685. 



Earls. 




Arms— Gules, a ball with cross or, between 3 demi-lions rampant argent, armed & 
langued azure. 

Crest — On a wreath, a demi-lion argent, ducally crowned or, holding between his 
paws a ball with cross of the second. 

SurPORTERS— Two lions argent, armed & langued azure, & ducally crowned or, 
each gorged with a plain collar gules, charg d with 3 balls with crosses of the 
third. 

Motto— Haud facile emergunt. 



Bulstrode, 

260. 



Pat. 



Tat. 
Pat. 

Angl. Not. 
Ibid. 



Establ 
Bk. 182 a. 



ARLINGTON. 



63 



16S5. Isabella Bennet, only child of Henry : Countess of Arlington, 

Viscountess Thetford, & Baroness Arlington of 
Arlington. 

B. 1668 ; 

succ. as Countess of Arlington, July 28, 1685; 

in. (t) Henry Fitz-Roy, 1st Duke of Grafton, 

Aug. 1, 1672 ; & (again), Nov. 6, 1679 ; 
w. (2) Sir John Haniner, Bart., 1698 ; 

d. Feb. 7, 1723. 



FITZ-RO V. 

1723. Charles Fitz-Roy, son of Isabella (1) : Duke of Grafton, & Earl 

of Arlington. 

B. Oct. 25, 1683 ; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Grafton, Oct. 9, 1690 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Arlington, Feb. 7, 1723 ; 

see title Grafton. 



Countess, 
Earl. 



Arms— The royal arms of King Charles II.: 1 & 4, France & England quarterly; 
Scotland; 3, Ireland; with a baton sinister of 6 pieces compony argent & 



azure. 



Crest— On a chapeau gules turned up ermine, a lion passant gardant or, crowned 
with a ducal coronet azure, & gorged with a collar countercompony argent & 
azure. 



Supporters — Dexter, a lion gardant or, crowned with a 
gorged with a collar countercompony argent & azure, 
argent, gorged as the lion. 

Motto — Et decus et pretium recti. 



ducal coronet azure, & 
Sinister, a greyhound 



64 


ARUNDEL. 




ARUNDEL. 

MONTGOMERY. 


Earls. 


[1070]. Roger de Montgomery, son of Roger de Montgomery: Earl of 






Arundel, Chichester, & Shrewsbury, & Earl 






Palatine of Shropshire; Count of Belesme & 






Alencon, Lord of Echaufour & Montreuil, in 






Normandy. 






B. before 1030 ; 


* 




Knight ; 






Councillor to William, Duke of Normandy ; 


Gul. Pictav. 




Viscount of the Hiemois, [1050] ; 


P- x 95- 
Ord. 1. iii. 




Founder of Troarn Abbey, 1050; 


c. 2. 




cr. Lord of Echaufour & Montreuil, about 






1062 ; 






Joint Regent of Normandy, Sept. 29, 1066- 


Ibid. I. iv. 




March, 1067 ; 


C. 4. 


1047. — 'Juvenis ac strenuus.' 


cr. Earl of Arundel & Chichester, or Sussex, 




— GUL. PlCTAVENSIS,p. 183. 


about 1069 ; 


Ibid. 1. iv. 


' Fortis erat & probus, consilio- 


cr. Earl of Shrewsbury, (' post aliquot temp us'); 


c. 4. 
Ibid. c. 4. 


que maturus.' — Willel- 
mus Gemmeticensis. Hist. 
Norm. c. xvi. p. 275. 


Earl Palatine of Shropshire ; 

succ. {jure uxoris), as Count of Belesme, 1070 ; 


Plac. Coron. 
25 Edw. I. 


'Hie sapiens & moderatus & 
amator Eequitatis fuit.' — 


st. himself Earl of Shrewsbury ; 

Commander in the Royal Army, (Maine), 


Charter, 
Ord. 1. v. 
c. 13. 


Ordericus Vitalis, 1. iv. 


1078; 


Ibid. 1. iv. 


c. 7. 


Founder & Patron of Shrewsbury Abbey, 1083 5 


c. 13. 
Ibid. c. 14. 


1094. — ' Longoevus heros.' — 


st. Count de Montgomery, about 1086 : 


Chart. Bat- 
tle Abbey. 


Orderic, 1. v. c. 14. 


m. (1) Mabel de Bclhme, d. of William II., 
Count of Belesme, 1048; (murdered. 
Dec, 1082) ; 

m. (2) Adcliza, d. of Everard de Puiset, after 
Dec, 1082 ; 

d. July 27, 1094. 





ARUNDEL. 



65 



Hie .... mansuetns & 
amabilis fuit.' — Orderic, 
1. x. c. 7. 



1094. Hugh de Montgomery, 2nd son of Roger (1) : Earl of Arundel, 

Chichester, & Shrewsbury, Earl Palatine of 
Shropshire. 

Knight ; 

st. (by the Welsh), Hugh 'the red ' ; 

Lord of Worfield, co. Salop, [1085]; 

st. Hugh de Montgumeri; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Arundel & Shrewsbury, 

July 27, 1094 ; 
st. Earl of Shrewsbury ; 
Earl Palatine of Shropshire ; 
st. himself Count de Montgomery; 
Patron of Shrewsbury Abbey ; 

killed in Anglesea, July, 1098. 

ro9S. Robert 'de Belesme,' elder brother of Hugh : Earl of Arundel, 

Chichester, & Shrewsbury, Lord of Bridg- 
north ; Count of Belesme & Alencon, Lord of 
the Hie'mois, Echaufour, & Montreuil, in Nor- 
mandy. 

st. Robert ' de Belesme,' [1073] ; 

Knight, (by King William I.;, 1073 ; 

surnamed ' Talvas ' ; 

succ. {jure matris), as Count of Belesme & 

Alencon, Dec, 1082 ; 
Councillor to Robert, Duke of Normandy, 

[1090] ; 
succ. as Lord of Echaufour & Montreuil, 

July 27, 1094 ; 
Commander of the Royal Army, (Normandy & 

the Vexin), 1097 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Arundel, Chichester, & 

Shrewsbury, 1098; 
Earl Palatine of Shropshire ; 
deprived, & banished from England, 1102 : 
succ. as Count of Ponthieu, 1102 ; 

w, Agnes, d. of Guy, Count of Ponthieu, before 
Sept. 9, 1087. 



' Corpore magnns & fortis.' — 
Orderic, 1. viii. c. 5. 

' Frontis sereno & sermonum 
aftabilitate credulos decip- 
iens.' — Will.Malmesbiri- 
EN'SIS, Gcsta regum, ii. 626. 



+ 



VOL. I. 



+ 
K 



+ 



Earls. 



Ord. l.v. c. 9. 
Powel, 155. 



Domesday 
Bk. 

Ibid. 



Leland, 
Coll., I. 22. 



Ord. 1. 
c. 13. 

Ibid. 1. 
c. 24. 



Ibid. 1. 

e. 10. 



Ibid. 1. 
c 5- 



66 



ARUNDEL. 



ALBINEY. 

f 1 1 5 1 ]. William de Albiney II., son of William de Albiney I., Lord of 

Buckenham : Earl of Arundel & Chichester, 
or Sussex, Lord of Buckenham. 

succ. as 2nd Lord of Buckenham, before 

1 136 ; 
Hereditary Chief Butler of England ; 
Hereditary Batron of Wymundham Priory ; 
Privy Councillor to King Henry I. ; 
Witness to King Stephen's 2nd Charter of 

Liberties, 1136; 
cr. Earl of Arundel, (or Sussex), before Sept. 

14, US 1 5 

st. Earl of Chichester, before 1153 ; 

Witness to the Compromise between King Ste- 
phen, & Henry, Duke of Normandy, 1 153 ; 

cr. (anew) Earl of Sussex, (by King Henry II.); 

Joint Ambassador to France, 1165 ; 

Joint Ambassador to the Pope, (Alexander III.), 
1165 ; 

Chief Ambassador (with the Princess Matilda) 
to Germany, 1 1 67 ; 

Joint Commander of the Royal Army, Oct., 
IJ 73; 

Founder & Patron of Buckenham Abbey, co. 
Norfolk ; 

Founder & Patron of Pynham Priory, co. Sussex; 

;;/. the Queen Dowager^ Adelais of Louvaiu, 
ividow of King Henry /., [1 139] ; 

d. Oct. 12, 1 1 76. 



1 176. William de Albiney III., son of William II. : Earl of Arundel & 

Sussex, Lord of Buckenham. 

B. after 1136 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Arundel, Oct. 12, n 76; 

Chief Butler of England ; 

cr. Earl of Sussex, Jan., 1 1 7 7 ; 



Earls. 



1 1 73. — ' Vir strenuus & belli- 
cosus. '—Brompton, Chron. , 
c. 1086. 

c Vir eloquentissimus.' — Ger- 
vase, Chronica, c. 1373. 



Foed. i. iS 



Hoveden, 
i. 229. 

Ibid. 230. 



Diceto, 
P- 547- 

Hoveden, 
ii. 54. 



Hoveden, 
ii. 100. 



Ben. Abb. 
i. 133. 



ARUNDEL. 67 




Assessor in the Royal Court, (to arbitrate be- 


Earls. 




tween the Kings of Castille & Navarre), 






March, 1 177 ; 


Ben. Abb. i. 




Joint Commander of the Royal Army, (Nor- 


fa- 




mandy), 1 177; 






took the Cross ; 




'Erat magnus & fortis.' — 

GUALTERIUS MAPES, Di 


Crusader, (three years) ; 
, Privy Councillor, [June 24, 11 90] ; 


rced, i. 48. 


Nugis Curialium, p. 234. 


Constable of Windsor Castle, 1191-1193 ; 


Hoveden, 




a Commissioner for ransom of King Richard I., 


iii. 136 




"93 J 


Ibid. 212. 




m. Maud de St. Hilary, Countess of Hertford 






&* Clare, after 11 74; 






d. Dec. 24, 1 1 96. 




1 196. William de Albiney IV., son of William III. : Earl of Arundel & 






Sussex, Lord of Buckenham. 






B. after 1 1 74 ; 
Knight ; 




r ~\ 


1 1 


succ. as 3rd Earl of Arundel, Dec. 24, 1196; 






Chief Butler of England ; 




Privy Councillor ; 


Foed. i. 112. 




Judge in the King's Court, [1198] ; [1200] ; 




K»3 


Joint Envoy to treat with the Barons, July 15, 




'i-r,!'\ V"I<<C<" 1< '^-" -s. 

''A \<"<"'r 


1215 3 
Joint Envoy to treat with the Barons, Nov. 9, 

1215 ; 


R. pat. m. 
ig. 

Ibid. m. 13 


wo Pi ! 

From a drawing of his sea], Lans- 
downe MS. 203. 


took the Cross ; 




Judge in the King's Court, 12 18 ; 
Crusader, 12 18- 12 21 ; 

m. Mabel, 2nd d. of Hugh de Kivilioc, Earl of 


An. Waverl. 
ii. 292. 




Chester ; 






d. near Rome, 1221. 




1221. William de Albi 


ney V., son of William IV. : Earl of Arundel & 
Sussex, Lord of Buckenham. 






B. about 1200 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Arundel, 122 1 ; 






K 2 





68 



ARUNDEL. 



Chief Butler of England ; 
did homage for his lands, April 12, 1221 ; 

d. 1224. 



1224. Hugh de Albiney, brother of William V. : Earl of Arundel & 

Sussex, Lord of Buckenham. 



' Scutum eul. leo aur. 




From MS. Cott. Nero, D. i. 

Obiit .... in cetate juve- 
nili, cum vix metas adoles- 
centiae pertransisset.' — M. 
Paris, Hist. Minor, II. 477. 

+ 



B. after 1217 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Arundel, 1224 ; 

Chief Butler of England ; 

Knight • 

Patron of Wymundham Priory ; 

Patron of Buckenham Abbey; 

Patron of Pynham Priory ; 

m. Isabel de Warenne, d. of William, 2nd Earl 
of Surrey 6° Warenne ; 

d. May 7, 1243. 



+ + 



FITZ-ALAN. 

1243. J° HN Fitz-Alan III., son of John II., Lord of Gun (1) : 'Earl' of 

Arundel, Baron of Clun & Oswaldestre. 

B. after 1222 ; 
Knight ; 

succ. as 4th Baron of Clun, & 6th of Os- 
waldestre, 1240 ; 
succ. {jure matris), as Lord of Arundel, 

Nov. 27, 1243 ; 

Chief Butler of England ; 

Chief Captain in the Marches of Wales, 1258- 

1260 ; 
st. ' Earl ' of Arundel, 1264 ; 
tn. Maud, d. of Rhys de Verdun ; 

d. 1268. 



Earls. 



Barons, 
Earls. 



Rishanger, 
p. 25. 





126S. John Fitz Alan IV, son of John III. : 'Earl' of Arundel, Baron ' 

of Gun & Oswaldestre. 

B. Sept. 14, 1246 ; 
Knight ; 

succ. as 2nd Lord of Arundel, 1268 ; 
Chief Butler of England ; 
st. Earl of Arundel ; 

in. Isabel, d. of Roger, Lord Mortimer of Chirk ; 

d. March 18, 1272. 



1272. Richard Fitz-Alan I., son of John IV. : Earl of Arundel, Baron 

of Kedy & Kedewy, Clun, Oswaldestre, & 
Chirk. 

B. Feb. 3, 1267 ; 

succ. as 3rd Lord of Arundel, March 18, 

1272 ; 
Chief Butler of England ; 
cr. Earl of Arundel, 1289 ; 
Knight, (by King Edward I.), 1289 ; 
Captain & Commander of a Force against the 

Welsh, Oct. 27, 1294 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Earl of Arundel, June 24, 

1295; 
Inspector of Military Tenants in cos. Salop & 

Stafford, Jan. 13, 1296 ; 
Commander of English Forces in Gascony, 

Nov. , 1297 ; 
Commander in 4th Division of the King's 

Army, (Scotland), June-July, 1298 ; 
Commander in English Army, (Scotland), July, 

1299 ; 
Commander in English Army, (Scotland), July, 

1300 ; 
Patron of Haghmon Abbey, co. Salop; 
Patron of Wymundham Priory; 
Patron of Buckenham Priory ; 
Patron of Pynham Priory ; 
Patron of Marham Abbey, co. Norfolk ; 



Earls. 



R. pat. 35 
Edw. I. 
m. 14. 



From his seal, (1301). 



' Richard le conte de Around el, 
Beau chivalier & bien ame, 
I vi je richement arme 
En rouge an lyon rampant de 
or.' 
Siege ofCartaverock, p. 5°- 



Vincent, 
p. 25. 

Ibid. 



Pari. Writs, 
i. 264. 

Pari. Writs, 
i. 20. 



Ibid. 278. 



R. Claus. 
m. 3, d. 



MS. Harl. 
6589. 
R. Claus. 
m. 16, d. 



R. Carlav. 



70 



ARUNDEL. 



m. Alisoiia, d. of Thomas I., Marquis of Saluzzo ; | Earls. 

d. March 9, 1302. 




From his seal. 

' De goules a un lion rampaunt 
de or.' 

MS. Calig. A. xviij. 



T302. Edmund Fitz-Alan, son of Richard I. : Earl of Arundel, Baron of 

Kedy & Kedewy, Clun, Oswaldestre, & Chirk. 

B. May 1, 1285 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Arundel, March 9, 1302 ; 

Chief Butler of England ; 

Knight, (by King Edward I.), May 22, 1306 ; 

a Bearer of the Royal Vestments, Coron. of 

King Edward II., Feb. 25, 1308 ; 
One of the Lords ' Orduiners ' of Reform, (swn.) 

March 20, 13 10 ; 
Lieutenant & Captain-General North of Trent, 

Nov. 20, 1 3 16 ; 
Warden of the Marches towards Scotland ; 
Privy Councillor, Aug. 9, 13 18 ; 
Chief Justiciar of North & South Wales, Jan. 5, 

1322 ; 
Justiciar in the Diocese of Llandaff, Jan. 5,1322; 
Member of Court to try the Earl of Lancaster, 

March 22, 1322 ; 
Warden of the Welsh Marches, Sept. 1, 1325 ; 
Steward of Werchgenyon, [1326] ; 
Captain & Chief Supervisor of Array in Wales, 

& cos. Salop, Stafford, & Hereford, May 10, 

1326; 



An. Wigorn. 
iv. 558. 



Foed. ii. 36. 



-MS. Claud. 
D. ii. 

R. Scotiae, 
m. 5. 

Pari. Writs, 
i. pt. 2, 184. 

R. Grig. 6. 
Ibid. 

Pari. Writs, 
ii. 2 App. 
196. 

Ibid. ii. 730. 
R. Orig. 7. 



Pari. Writs, 
ii. 2, 749. 



ARUNDEL. 



7i 




Captain & Chief Supervisor of Array in co. Lin- 
coln, July 23, 1326; 

m. the Lady Alice de Warenne, sister of John, 
afterwards Earl of Surrey, June, 1305; 
beheaded, Nov. 17, 1326. 



j 33 1. Richard Fitz-Alan II., son of Edmund : Earl of Arundel, Wa- 
renne, & Surrey, Baron of Kedy & Kedewy, 
Clun, Oswaldestre, Chirk, Bromfield, & Yale. 

B. about 1306 ; 

restored as 5th Earl of Arundel, Dec. 12, 

Chief Butler of England ; 

Knight ; 

Governor of Chirk Castle, Sept. 13, 1333 ; 

Chief Justiciar of North Wales, Nov. 8, 1334; 

Privy Councillor, [1334] ] 

Constable of Porchester Castle, Feb. 6, 1336 ; 

Keeper of Porchester Castle, Town, & Forest, 

May 30, 1336 ; 
Joint Commander of the Army in the North, 

1337 ; 

Captain & Leader of the Army North of Trent, 

& in Scotland, April 25, 1338 ; 
Commissioner Plenipotentiary to treat with 

Scotland, April 25, 1338 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in co. Salop, 

Feb. 16, 1339; 
Joint Commissioner of Array in cos. Surrey & 

Sussex, Feb. 16, 1339 ; 
Sheriff, co. Carnarvon, (for life), July 12, 1339; 
Governor of Carnarvon Castle, July 12, 1339 ; 
Councillor to the Duke of Cornwall, (Guardian 

of England), Sept. 26, 1339 ; 
Admiral of the West, Feb. 20, 1340-June 12, 

1341 ; 

Joint Warden of the Marches towards Scotland, 

1342; 
Joint Ambassador to treat at Avignon, July 6, 



From his seal, (1359). 

Quarterly, 1 & 4, Fitz-Alan; 
2 & 3, Cheeky or & azure, 
Warenne. 



Earls. 
Pari. Writs, 
ii. 2, 754. 



R. Pari. 
ii. 56. 



R. Fin. m. 6. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 11. 

R. Orig. 3. 



Ibid. 



134 



J } 



Foed. ii. 
1029. 

Ibid. 1031. 
Ibid. 1070. 



Ibid. 

R. Orig. 9. 

R. Fin. 
m. 10. 

R. Vase. 
m. 12. 

R. Alem. 
m. 32. 



R Rom. 
m. 3. 



72 



ARUNDEL. 



Joint Lieutenant of Aquitaine, March 24, 1344; 
Joint Ambassador to Castille, March 24, 1344; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Portugal & 

Aragon, March 25, 1344 ; 
Admiral of the West, Feb. 23, 1345-Feb. 23, 

/347 ; 
Sheriff, co. Salop, (for life), March 10, 1345 ; 

Commander in the English Army, (France), 1346; 

Joint Ambassador to treat at Avignon, July 28, 

1348; 
Joint Ambassador to treat at Avignon, July 28, 

135°; 

Chief Justiciar, (for Trial of Chief Justice Sir 
William de Thorpe), Nov. 24, 1350 ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland, 
June 28, 1351 ; 

Chief Warden, cos. Surrey & Sussex, June 14, 

!35 2 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 

Feb. 19, 1353 ; 
succ. as Earl of Warenne & Surrey, 1353 ; 
did homage for the Barony of Bromfield & 

Yale, Oct. 24, 1353; 
Joint Special Ambassador to treat at Avignon, 

Aug. 28, 1354 ; 
Joint Guardian & Lieutenant of England, July r, 

J 355 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland, 

[May], 1357; 
Chief Plenipotentiary to treat with the Duke of 

Luxemburg, May 22, 1358; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 

Aug. 24, 13603 
Chief Commissioner of Array, cos. Surrey & 

Sussex, Jan. 2, 1376 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Surrey & Sussex ; 
///. ( 1 ) Isabel, d. of Hugh le Despenser, before 

June, 1327; {divorced, 1346); 

m. (2) Eleanor, do7C>a»cr-I>aroucss Beaumont, yd 

d. of Henry, yd Earl of Lancaster, 1346; 

d. Jan. 24, 1376. 



Earls. 
Foed. iii. 9. 

Tbid. 8. 

R. Vase, 
m. 9. 

R. Franc, 
m. 35. 

R. Fin. 
m. 29. 
Froissart, 
ii. 241. 

Feed. iii. 165. 
Ibid. 201. 



Ibid. 208. 

R. Scot. 

m. 4. 

R. Franc. 

m. 5. 

Ibid. m. 7. 



R. pat. m. 3. 



R. Franc, 
m. 2. 

R. pat. 
m. 11. 

R. Scot, 
m. 10. 

R. pat. r, 
m. 11. 

R. Cales. 2, 
m. 6. 

R. Franc, 
m. 8. 






ARUNDEL. 



73 



rtvgn **. 


VT /i/" 


X^^L. \ (4 


~~r^S^ 


^$vS. 


2j 


T)<£f\ 


\v^/ / 55) / 


v Q=S< \i3 / 


V " r-^\ )// 


\ ^=^\Cv 


Nl^/ 



1376. Richard Fitz-Alan III., son of Richard IT. (2) : Earl of Arundel, 

Warenne, & Surrey, Baron of Kedy &: 
Kedewy, Clun, Oswaldestre, Chirk, Bromfield, 
& Yale. 

B. 1346 ; 

succ. as 6th Earl of Arundel, Jan. 24, 1376; 

Chief Butler of England ; 

Bearer of the Crown, Coron. of King Richard 

II., July 16, 1377 ; 
Member of the Council of Regency, July 17- 

Oct, 1377 ; 

Admiral of the West, Dec. 5, 1377-Sept. 10, 
1373 ; 

Joint Commissioner to supervise the Adminis- 
tration & Revenue, at Home & Abroad, 
May 2, 1380 ; 

Joint Governor to King Richard II., Dec. [13], 

1381; 
K.G., 1386 ; 
Commissioner of Array, & Warden, cos. Surrey 

&: Sussex, Aug. 12, 1386 ; 
a Commissioner to reform and govern the 

Realm (for one year), Nov. 19, 1386 ; 
Admiral of the West & North, Dec. 10, 1386; 
Lieutenant & Captain-General of an Army. 

Feb. 26, 1387 ; 
Admiral & lieutenant of the King on the Sea, 

May 12, 1387; 
Admiral of England, May 12, 1387-May 18, 

1389; 
Joint Commissioner <k Judge, for Trial of the 

Earl of Suffolk, Feb. ,1388; 
Captain of the Castle & Town of Brest, April 9, 

1388 ; _ 
Lieutenant in Bretagne, April 9, 13S8 ; 
Lieutenant & Captain-General of the Fleet at 

Sea, May 12, 1388 ; 
Commissioner to treat with Bretagne, June 2, 

1388; 
Privy Councillor, [Dec. 10, 1389]; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Surrey and Sussex ; 
vol. 1. L 



Earls. 



From MS. Cott. Julius, C. vii. 

Quarterly, Fitz-Alan & Wa- 
renne. 

Supporters— Two griffins. 

Label — (as eldest son), Azure. 

MS. Harl. 1446. 

Badge —A horse. 

Annales Ric. II, 206. 



Feed. iv. 9. 

Ibid. p. 10. 

R. Franc. 
1, m. 9. 



Feed. iv. 
p. 84. 

R. Pari. iii. 
104. 



R. Franc, 
m. 23. 

R. Pari. iii. 

349- 

R. Franc. 



Ibid. m. 13. 

Ibid. m. 5. 
Ibia. m. 6. 



Wals. ii. 152 

R. Franc, 
m. 9. 

Ibid. 



Ibid. m. 5. 
Ibid. m. 3. 



MS. Cleop. 
F. iij. 



74 



ARUNDEL. 



m. (i) Lady Elizabeth de £0/1 an, d. of William, 
Earl of Northampton, [Sept. 28], 1359 ; 

m. (2) Philippa {Mortimer), dowager- Countess 
of Pembroke, after 139 1 ; 

beheaded, Sept. 18, 1397. 

1399. Thomas Fitz-Alan I., son of Richard III. (1) : Earl of Arundel, 

Warenne, & Surrey, Baron of Chin, Oswald- 
estre, Bromfield, & Yale. 

B. Oct. 13, 1381 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Oct. 12, 1399; 

restored as 7th Earl of Arundel, Nov. 28, 

1399 ; 

Chief Butler of England, 1399 ; 

K.G., about 1400 ; 

Chief Judge of the Court-Martial to try the 

Archbishop of York, May 19, 1404; 
Captain at Oswaldestre, & Warden of the 

Marches of North Wales, Oct., 1404-1405; 
Warden, Town of Shrewsbury & the Marches 

in co. Salop, Oct. 3, 1405 ; 
Privy Councillor, [June 16, 1410] ; 
Joint Commissioner for a loan, in cos. Kent, 

Surrey, Sussex, Stafford, Salop, & Hereford, 

1410; 
Commander of English Forces sent against the 

Armagnacs, Sept., 141 1 ; 
Chief Ambassador to treat with Burgundy, 

Sept. 1, 141 1 ; 
Captain under the Prince of Wales at Calais, 

[Oct. 28], 141 2 ; 
Treasurer of the Exchequer of England, 

March 21, 1413 ; 
Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 

Cinque Ports, March 22, 14 13 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Surrey, Sussex, Wilts, 

& Salop ; 

m. Beatriz, nat. d. of ' jfoam L, King of Portugal, 
May 1, 1405 ; 

d. Oct. 13, 1415. 




From his effigy. After C. Stothard. 



1399. — ' Un qui fu conte d'ar- 
ondel, 
Qui est assez jeune & isnel.' 
Contemp. poem. 



Earls. 



R. Pat. m. 
28. 



Capgrave, 
291. 

Acts Pr. C. 
i. 246. 267. 

R. pat. 1, 
m. 41. 
Acts Pr C. 
>• 33i- 



Ibid. 343. 
Wals. ii, 286. 



R. Franc. 
m. 1. 

R. Franc, 
m. 22. 

R. pat. 1, 
m. 37. 

Ibid. 



ARUNDEL. 



75 



141 5. John Fitz-Alan V., 2nd cousin of Thomas I. : Earl of Arundel, 

& Baron de Arundel, Maltravers, Clun, & 
Oswaldestre. 

B. 1385; 

st. John de Arundel, 1385-1405 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Oct. 12, 1399 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Maltravers, (or Mautravers), 

Jan., 1405 ; 
Lord of the Town & Castle of Merke, (Picardy), 

Feb. 10, 1405-Nov. 23, 1408; 
Captain of the Castle of Merke, [July 8], 1405; 
Commander of 10 'Lances' & 34 Archers, in 

English Army, (France), 1415; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in co. Dorset, 

May 16, 1416 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Somerset, Aug. 6, 141 6 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as (8th) Earl of Arundel, 

Sept., 1 416 (only) ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Sussex, May 23, 1417; 
Commander of 40 'Lances' & 121 Archers, 

(France), July, 141 7 ; 
Captain of Bayeux, 1417 ; 
Captain of Vire, 14 1 7 ; 
Captain of St. Jacques de Beuvron, 141 7 ; 
Ambassador to treat with the Queen of Sicily & 

Jerusalem, March 7, 1418; 
st. 'John Arundel, de Lichet Mautravers,' 

[June 1, 1418]; 
Chief Guardian of the Truce with Bretagne. 

June 1, 1418 ; 
Chief Ambassador & Commissioner to treat with 

Bretagne, Aug. 7, 14185 
st. ' John de Arundel, Lord de Mautravers,' 

Oct. 26, 1418 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Salop, March 17, 1419; 
Captain of the Castle & Town of Pontorson, 

April 5, 141 9 ; 

///. Alia nor, d. of Sir yo/in Berkeley, KnL, of 
Bevcrston, [1408] ; 

d. April 21, 142 1. 

l 2 



Earls. 



R. pat. 1, 
m. 11. 
R. Franc, 
m. 1, 



R. pat. d. 
Ibid. 



R. pat. d. 

Muster Roll. 
R. O. 
MS. Had. 

782. 

Ibid. 
Ibid. 



R. Norm, 
m. 9. d. 



Ibid. m. 25. 



Ibid. 1, m. 
16. 



Ibid. m. 9. 
R. pat. d. 



R. Norm. i. 
m. 78. 






7 6 



ARUNDEL. 



1421. 




John Fitz-Alan VI., son of John V. : Earl of Arundel, & Baron 

de Arundel, Maltravers, Clun, & Oswaldestre ; 
Duke of Touraine, in France. 

B. 1408 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron Maltravers, April 21, 

1421 ; 
Knight, (by King Henry \ T L), May 19, 1426 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron de Arundel, July 12, 

1429 ; 
Commander of 2 Knights, 57 Men at Arms, & 

180 Archers, (English Army in France), 

143°; 

KG., April 22, 1432 ; 
Captain of the Castle of Rouen, [1432]; 
Captain of the Town of Rouen, [Nov. 6, 1432] ; 
admitted by Parlt. as (9th) Earl of Arundel, 

Nov. , 1433 3 
Lieutenant ' for the Field ' under the Duke of 

Bedford, (France), [1 433-1 43 4] J 
cr. Duke of Touraine, in France, 1434 ; 
Captain of Vernon-sur-Seine, [Sept. 29, 1433- 

Sept. 29, 1434] ; 
Captain of the Castle & Town of Verneuil, 

[Sept. 29, 1433-Sept. 29, 1434] ; 



m. (1) Constance, d. of John Cornwall, Lord 

Fanhopc ; 
m. (2) Maud, d. of Robert Lovell, &> widow of 

Sir Richard Stafford ; 

d. of wounds, June 12, 1435. 



From his seal, (1432). 

Quarterly, 1 & 4, Fitz-Alan ; 
2 & 3, Sable a fret or, (Mal- 
travers). « 

Crest— Out of a wreath gules, a griffin's head & wings elevated argent, beaked & 
eared of the first. 

Supporters— Two horses. 



Earls. 



From his effigy. After C. Stothard. 



1857. — 'His bones were evi- 
dently those of a man more 
than six feet in height.' — 
Canon Tierney, Sussex 
Arc/ncol. Coll., xii. p. 238. 




Leland, Coll. 
ii. 490. 



Dugd. i, 322. 



R. Franc, 
m. 13. 
Add. Ch. 
1449. 



R. Pari. iv. 

443- 

Wars, ii. 545. 
Milles, 656. 
Wars, ii. 543. 



Wars, ii. 434. 



ARUNDEL. 



77 



1435. Humphrey Fitz-Alan, son of John VI. (2): Earl of Arundel, & 

Baron de Arundel, Maltravers, Clun, & Oswal- 
destre ; Duke of Touraine. in France. 

B. Jan. 30, 1429 j 

siicc. as 10th Earl of Arundel, June 12, 1435; 

Chief Butler of England ; 

d. April 24, 1438. 

1438. William Fitz-Alan IV., uncle of Humphrey : Earl of Arundel, & 

Baron Maltravers. 

B. Nov. 23. 141 7. 

st. 'William Maltravers,' [1435]; 

Captain under the Duke of Bedford in France, 

[1435] ; 

siicc. as nth Earl of Arundel, April 24, 1438; 

Chief Butler of England, 1 438-1 461 ; 

Justice of the Peace in co. Hants, Nov. 24, 

1445 ; 

Lieutenant, against rebels, June 10, 1450; 
Chief Commissioner to raise a loan in co. Sus- 
sex, May 14, 1455; 
Warden & Chief Justice of the Royal Forests 

South of Trent, Dec. 19, 1459-July 22, 

1461 ; 
Commissioner of Array in co. Kent, & Captain 

in the King's Army, Jan. 28, 1461; 
Keeper & Warden of the New Forest & Park 

of Lyndhurst, 1461-1467 ; 
Privy Councillor, [Oct. 27, 1469]; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in cos. Wilts & 

Dorset, March 16, 1470 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in co. Hants, 

June 8, 1470 ; 
K.G., (after April 14), 1471 ; 
Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 

Cinque Ports, May 1, 147 1 ; 
Lieutenant of the Cinque Ports, June 22, 1471 ; 
Warden of the Forest of Clarendon ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, July 

20, 1477 j 




From his effigy. After C. Stothard. 



Earls. 



Wars, ii. 435. 
Ibid. 



R. pat. 1, 
m. 20. 
R. pat. 
2, dors. 

Acts Pr. C. 
vi. 240. 



R. pat. m.13. 



MS. Vesp. 
C. xiv. 



Foed. v. 172. 



R. pat. 1, 
m.13. 



Ibid. 



R. pat. 1, 

m. g. 

Ibid. m. 23. 



R. Franc. 
m. 2. 



78 



ARUNDEL. 



Badge— A white horse. 



Joint Commissioner to treat with France, Oct. 
25, 1481; 

Master of the Game in all Forests South of 
Trent, May 15, 1483; 

Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 
Forests South of Trent, July 1, 1483 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Sussex, Hants, Dor- 
set, Wilts, Gloucester, & Salop. 

m. Lady Joan Neville, sister of Richard, Earl of 
Warwick &> Salisbury ; 

d. 1487. 




1487. Thomas Fitz-Alan II., son of William IV. 

Baron Maltravers. 



Earl of Arundel, & 



B. before 1450 ; 

st. Lord Maltravers, (Mautravers), [146 1]- 

_ 1487; 
Knight of the Bath, June 27, 1461 ; 
Warden of the New Forest, & Park of Lynd- 

hurst, Feb. 26, 1467 ; 
Joint Commissioner of Array in cos. Wilts & 

Dorset, March 26, 1470 \ 
K.G., Feb. 26, 1474 ; 
summ. to Park, as Baron de Maltravers, 

Nov. 15, 1482 ; 
Deputy Chief Butler of England, Coron. of King 

Henry VII., Oct. 30, 1485 ; 
Lieutenant of Alisholt & Woolmer Forests, 

July 18, 14S6; 
succ. as 12th Earl of Arundel, 14S7 ; 



Earls. 
R. franc, 
mm. 13-12. 

Grant Bk. 
p. 7. 



R. pat. 
m. 8. 



W. Wyrc, 

784. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 7. 

R. pat. i, 
m. 13. 



R. pat. 4. 
m. 9. 



ARUNDEL. 



79 



Arms— i & 4, Gules a lion 
rampant or, (Fitz-Alan) ; 

2, Barry of 8 or & gules, 
(Fitz-Alan of Bedale); 

3, Sable, a fret or, (Mal- 

TRAVERS). 

Motto— Cause me oblige. 
Colours — Blue & red. 

MS. Coll. Arms, I. 2. 



Chief Butler of England ; 

Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove, Coron. 
of Queen Elizabeth of York, Nov. 25, 
1487 ; 

Chief Commissioner to muster Archers in co. 
Hants, Dec. 23, 1488 ; 

Warden of the New Forest, 1489 ; 

Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter, July 19, 
1489 ; 

Joint Executor to King Henry VII., Feb. 20, 
1492 ; 

Joint Warden of the Forests of Clarendon, 
Groveley, Michelt, & Buckholt ; & Lieu- 
tenant of the Forests of Alisholt & Wool- 
mer, & Wordelham Park, March 16, 15 10- 

i5 21 I 
Chief Commissioner of Array, co, Sussex, Feb. 

20, 1512 ; 
a Commissioner to review the Army going to 

Spain, May 2, 15 12 ; 
Commissioner of Array, co. Sussex, Jan. 28, 

Keeper of the Tower & Blockhouse of Ports- 
mouth, [Sept. 13], 1 5 13 ; 

Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter, 1517; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Sussex, Hants, & 
Salop ; 

m. Lady Margaret Wydeville, d. of Richard, \st 
Earl Rivers, Oct., 1464; 

d. Oct. 25, 1524. 



Earls. 



Pf'.t. m. 20. d. 



Lcland, Coll. 
iv. 248. 

R. Pari. vi. 

444. 



S. P. 999. 

S. P. 3024. 

Do. 3173. 
Do. 3688. 

Do. 5762. 




cy k\ "~ 



So 



ARUNDEL. 



1524. William Fiiz-Alan 



Arms — r, Fitz-Alan ; 2, 
Barry of 8 or & gules, (Fitz- 
Alan OF Bedale); 3, Ar- 
gent, a fess & canton gules, 
(Wydeville); 4, Quarter- 
ly, t & 2, Maltravers; 
3 & 4, Argent, a chief azure. 

Label — 1489-1524, Azure. 
Motto— ©iriutis huis actio. 



Earl of Arundel, & 



14S7-1524; 



V., son of Thomas II. 
Baron Maltravers ; 

B. 1483; 

st. Lord Maltravers, 

Knight of the Bath, Nov. 21, 1489 ; 

Justice of the Beace, co. Dorset, May 8, 1509; 

Joint Warden of the Forests of Clarendon, 
Groveley, Michelt, & Buckholt ; & Lieu- 
tenant of the Forests of Alisholt & Wool- 
mer, & Wordelham Bark, March 16, 15 10- 

i5 21 5 
Joint Commissioner of Array,' co. Sussex, Feb. 

20, 1512 ; 
Captain in the King's Army, (France), June- 

Oct, 1513 ; 
succ. as 13th Earl of Arundel, Oct. 25, 1524; 
Chief Butler of England ; 
K.G., April 23, 1525 ; 
Vicegerent of the Order of the Garter, May 24, 

!532; 
Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove, Coron. 

of Queen Anne, June 1, 1533 ; 
Justice of the Beace, cos. Wilts, Somerset, 

Hants, Sussex, Worcester, & Salop ; 

m. (1) Elizabeth JVilloi/ghby, d. of Robert, \st 

Lord Willoughby de Broke ; 
m. (2) Lady Anne Percy, 2nd d. of Henry, ^th 

Earl of Northumberland, Feb. 15, 151 1; 

d. Jan. 23, 1544. 



Earls. 



<h™Jb&$ 



MS. Jul. 
B. xii. 
Pat. 1, 
m. 11, d. 



S. P. 999. 



Do. 3024. 



Do. 4306. 



Stowe, 566. 




1543- Henry Fitz-Alan, 




Alter a painter unknown. 



He was of the best sorted 
personage, neither of height 
inordinate, nor of too base 
lowness, for the lineaments of 
his body, of due & comely 
proportion, strong of bone, 
furnished with clean & firm 
flesh, void of fogginess or 
fatness.' — Life, MS. Reg. 
17. A. ix. f. 36. 



VOL. I. 



son of William V. (2): Earl of Arundel, & 
Baron Maltravers, & Clun. 

B. 1513; 

st. Lord Maltravers, 1 524-1 543 ; 

Page of Honour to King Henry VIII. ; 

educ. Cambridge ; 

summ. to Park, as Baron Maltravers, Feb. 5, 

1534; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Dorset, July 4, 1536; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Wilts, Jan. 16, 1537 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Sussex, Plants, & 

Somerset, 1538; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Surrey, 1539 ; 
Deputy-General of the Town & Marches of 

Calais, July 2, 1540-Feb., 1544 ; 
succ. as 14th Earl of Arundel, Jan. 23, 1544; 
Chief Butler of England ; 
K.G., April 24, 1544; 
Marshal of the Field, (English Army in France), 

May, 1544 ; 
a Commissioner of Array in cos. Surrey, Sussex, 

Hants, Wilts, Oxford, & Berks, April 29, 

15455 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, (after 

Aug. 14), i545- Feb - 2 > : 55°; 
Privy Councillor, 1545 ! 
Assistant Councillor to the Executors of King 

Henry VIII., Dec. 30, 1546; 
a Commissioner for Trial of Henry, Earl of 

Surrey, Jan. 13, 1547 5 
Deputy Earl Marshal of England for Coron. of 

King Edward VI., Feb. 20, 1547 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 13, 1547-Feb. 2, 1550; 
Lieutenant of the Protector of the Realm imco. 

Sussex, 1549 5 
[Prisoner in the Tower, Nov. 8, 1551-Dec. 3, 

i55 2 l; 
Privy Councillor, [July], 1553 ; 

Privy Councillor, Aug. [17], 1553 ; 
Lord Great Master & Steward of the House- 
hold, Sept., 1553-May 5, 1554; 

M 



Earls. 



MS. Reg. 
17. A. ix. 



Pat. s, d. 
Ibid. 



Pat. pt. 7. 



MS. Reg. 
17. A. ix. 

Feed. vi. 127. 



Feed. vi. 145. 



Wriothesley, 
i. 177. 



MS. Reg. 
17. A. ix. 



K. Edw., 55. 

MS. Harl. 

643. 



82 



AR UNDEL. 



Lord President of the Council, 1 553-1 564; 
Commissioner to make Knights of the Bath, 

Coron. of Queen Mary, Sept. 29, 1553 ; 
Lord High Constable of England for Coron. of 

Queen Mary, Sept. 30 (only), 1553 ; 
Bearer of the Queen's Sceptre, Coron. of Queen 

Mary, Oct. 1, 1553 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat for Marriage of 

Queen Mary, Jan. 1, 1554 ; 
Lord High Steward of England for Trial of 

Henry, Duke of Suffolk, Feb. 16-17, I S54> 
First Special Commissioner of ' Oyer & Termi- 
ner ' at Leicester, March 8, 1554 ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, May 5, 1554- 

Sept, 1558; 
Chief Commissioner to inquire into treasons <Sc 

felonies in co. Sussex, May 8, 1554 ; 
High Steward of the University of Oxford, 

(after March 30), 1555 ; 
Joint Commissioner (to mediate between France 

& the Emperor), at Calais, May [7], 1555; 
Lord High Steward of England for Trial of 

Charles, Lord Stourton, Feb. 24-26, 1557; 
Lieutenant-General & Captain of the Forces in 

England, July 26, 1557; 
Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, Lynd- 

hurst Park, & the Hundred of Rudberg ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Surrey, [May 29, 1558] ; 
Chief Plenipotentiary to treat at Cercamp, 

Sept. [28], 1558; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 20, 1558 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Surrey & Sussex, Nov., 

r558-April 1559 ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, Nov., 1558— 

Nov., 1564 ; 
Lord High Constable of England for Coron. of 

Queen Elizabeth, Jan. 14 (only), 1559 ; 
Lord High Steward of England for Coron. of 

Queen Elizabeth, Jan. 15 (only), 1559 ; 
Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Feb. 6, 

-June 12, 1559; 



Earls. 



Foed. vi. 
4, p. 6. 



S. P. For. 
175. 



Flaga de 
Secretis. 



Do., xxx i. 



Journ. L. 
i. 463. 



Pat. 1, d. 
Wood, ii. 



Noailles, 
iv. 296. 

Pat. 12. 



Dom. xi. 32. 



D 



om. xni.12. 



S. P. For. 



Foed. vi. pt. 
4, p. 66. 



Ibid. 

Wood, 11. 
Fasti, 154. 



ARUNDEL. 



«3 



Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, May i-Oct. 15, 

1559; 
Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter, May 18. 

1561 ; 

Joint Royal Commissioner to prorogue Parlia- 
ment, April 30, 1564; 

Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter, 1567 ; 

Joint Commissioner to hear the Appeal on 
Scottish Affairs, Nov. 24, 1568 ; 

First Commissioner of Musters for co. Sussex, 

i5 6 9; 
Commissioner of Musters for co. Surrey, 1574; 

Chief Royal Commissioner to prorogue Parlia- 
ment, March 26, 157S ; 

;;/. (1) Lady Catherine Grey, yd d. of Thomas, 
2nd Marquis of Dorset ; (d. May 1, 1532); 

m. (2) Mary, dowager- Countess of Sussex, d. of 
Sir John Arundell, of Lanherne, [Dec. 19], 

1545 .; 

d. Feb. 24, 1580. 



Earls. 
Dom. xii. 7. 

Machyn, 
258. 



Journ. L. 
i. 621. 

Lansd. MS. 
683, f. 46. 

Cecil, Diary, 
766. 



Dom. li. 3. 
Dom. xcviii. 



Journ. L. 
ii. 3. 




Arms— i, Fitz-Alan ; 2, Barry of 8 or & gules, (Fitz-Alan of Bedale) ; 
3, Argent, a fess & canton gules, (Wydeville) ; 4, Quarterly, 1 & 2, Mal- 
travers, 3 & 4, Argent, a chief azure. 

Crest — Out of a wreath, a griffin's head & wings elevated argent, beaked & eared 
gules. 

Supporters — Dexter, a horse argent with an oaken bough in his mouth. Sinister, 
a stag sable. 

Motto — Virtutis laus actio. 



+ 



+ 



M 2 



+ 



8 4 



ARUNDEL. 



1580. Philip Howard, son 




' Tall of stature, yet ever very 
streight, long-visaged, but of 
a comely countenance.' — 
Life, p. 126. 

' He was a very tall man, some- 
what swarthy.' — Howard 
MS. in Collins, 1, 133. 

1581. — 'Then came the Earl 
of Arundel, magnificently 
armed from head to foot ; 
his harness with half-raised 
work of leaves & flowers, 
his ' has de save' richly 
adorned with gold & pearls.' 

Liveries- ' Six trumpeters in 
red & yellow satin, with red, 
white, & yellow plumes.' 
'Six pages, in the same 
colours.' — Letter in MSS. 
Dupuy, Von Raumer, \6tk 
&* \jth Centuries, II. 432. 



HOWARD. 

of Thomas, 4th Duke of Norfolk (t) : Earl of 
Arundel & Surrey ; Baron Fitz-Alan, Clun, 
Oswaldestre, & Maltravers. 

B. June 28, 1557; 

educ. Cambridge ; 

st. Earl of Surrey, 1557-15 80 ; 

succ. (jurematris), as Earl of Arundel, Feb. 24, 
1580; 

took his seat, April 11, 15S0 ; 

Joint Royal Commissioner to prorogue Parlia- 
ment, April 1 1, 1580 ; 

Joint Royal Commissioner to prorogue Parlia 
ment, May 30, 1580; 

assumed the arms of Fitz-Alan, only, May 28, 
15S0; 

restored in blood, March 18, 1581 ; 

Joint Royal Commissioner to prorogue Parlia- 
ment, June 28, 1 58 1 ; 

Joint Royal Commissioner to dissolve Parlia- 
ment, April 19, 1583 ; 

Joint Royal Commissioner to prorogue Parlia- 
ment, Dec. 21, 1584 ; 

[Prisoner in the Tower, April 25, 1585-Nov. 19, 

attainted, April 14, 1589 ; 

in. Anne, d. &> co-h. of Thomas, Lord Dacrc of 
Gillesland, 1 5 7 1 ; 

d. in the Tower, Nov. 19, 1595. 




J-\ 





C5^ 



Eari.s. 



Journ. of 
Lords, ii. 13. 

Ibid. 



Ibid. 15. 

Ibid. 54. 
Ibid. 55. 

Ibid. 59. 
Ibid. 77. 



ARUNDEL. 



85 



1603. 




After Rubens. 



Thomas Howard, son of Philip : Earl of Arundel, Surrey, & 

Norfolk, Premier Earl of England, Baron 
Howard, Mowbray, Segrave, Breuse de Gower, 
Fitz-Alan, Clun, Oswaldestre, Maltravers, & 
Greystock. 

B. 1586 ; 

st. Lord Maltravers, 1 586-1 603; 

restored Earl of Arundel & Surrey, [July 6], 

1603 j 
restored in blood, April 18, 1604 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Aug. 26,1608; 
K.G., April 24, 161 1 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Norfolk, April 18, 16 15 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 16, 1616 ; 
Joint Commissioner for Office of Earl Marshal, 

Sept. 25, 1616 ; 
Privy Councillor of Ireland, [June], 161 7 ; 
Privy Councillor of Scotland, June [29], 161 7 ; 
Member of the Council for the Plantation of 

New England, Nov. 3, 1620 ; 
Joint Commissioner of the Great Seal, May 3- 

July 10, 1 62 1 ; 
Earl Marshal of England, Aug. 29, 162 1 ; 
Joint Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of 

King Charles I., Jan. 23, 1626 ; 
a Commissioner to make Knights of the Bath, 

(Coron. of King Charles I.), Jan. 30, 1626; 
Joint Master-Forester of the Bailiwick of Cliffe, 

in Rockingham Forest, July 25, 1629 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to the Hague, Dec. 27 

-31, 1632 ; (rei'oked) ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Northumberland, 

May 20, 1633-Aug., 1639 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Westmoreland, 

May 20, 1633-Aug., 1639 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Cumberland, May 20, 

1633; 

a Commissioner to exercise ecclesiastical juris- 
diction in England & Wales, Dec. 17, 1633; 

Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 
Forests North of Trent, Feb. 25, 1634 ; 



'Tall of stature, & of shape 
& proportion rather goodly 
than neat. His countenance 
was majestical & grave, his 
visage long, his eyes large, 
black, & piercing ; he had 
a hooked nose, & some warts 
or moles on his cheeks ; his 
complexion was brown ; his 
hair thin, both on his head 
& beard. He had a stately 
presence & gait.' — Sir Ed- 
ward Walker, Hist. 
Disc, p. 221. 



Earls. 



Journ. L. 
ii. 307. 
Dom. xxxv. 



Grant Ek. 



Dom. lxxx. 
Dom. xci'i. 
Dom. xcii. 

Pat. 



Pat. p. 13. 

Dom. xix. 
34- 

Pat. p. 5, d. 
Pat. 10, m. 5 
Dom.ccxxxi. 

Pat. 3, d. 

Ibid. 
Ibid. 

Dom. cclii. 
Pat. p. 1. 



S6 



ARUNDEL. 



'It cannot be denied that lie 
had in his person, in his 
aspect, & countenance, the 
appearance of a great man, 
which lie preserved in his 
gait & motion. He wore & 
affected a habit very differ- 
ent from that of the time.' 



'A man who had nothing 
martial about him, but his 
presence & his looks.' — 
Lord Clarendon, Hist. 
I. pp. 92 & 186. 



Privy Councillor of Ireland, Aug. 10, 1634; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Surrey, July 23, 1635; 

a Commissioner to try offenders on the Borders, 
Nov. 30, 1635 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to the Electors, 
Princes, and States of Germany, March 28, 
1636; 

Captain of St. Mawes' Castle, April 6, 1636; 

Captain- General in the North, Feb. 2, 1639; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Cumberland, Aug. 31, 
1639 ; 

Lord Steward of the Household, [April 12], 
1640-Aug., 1641 ; 

Captain-General South of Trent, & in Wales, 
Aug. 29, 1640; 

Lord High Steward of England (for Trial of the 
Earl of Strafford), March 22, 1641 ; 

Privy Councillor, (supernumerary), of Scotland, 
Sept. 20, 1641 ; 

cr. Earl of Norfolk, June 6, 1644; 

Justice of the Peace for cos. Norfolk, Suffolk, 
Cambridge, Bedford, Lincoln, Salop, Derby, 
Middlesex, Surrey, Sussex, Hants, the East 
& West Ridings, co. York, Northumber- 
land, Cumberland, & Westmoreland ; 

m. Lady AlatJiea Talbot, yd d. 6>* co-h. of Gil- 
bert, jlli Earl of Shrewsbury, Sept., 1606; 
d. (at Padua) Oct. 4, 1646. 




Earls. 
Strafford, 
i. 267. 
Pat. 23, d. 



Dom. ccexvi. 

Pat. p. 9. 

S. P. Dom. 

ccccxii. 

Pat. p. 18. 



Pat. p. 3) 
m. 25, d. 



Balfour, 
iii. 69. 



1646. Henry Frederick Howard, 2nd son of Thomas : Earl of Arundel, 

Surrey, & Norfolk, Premier Earl of England, 
Baron Howard, Mowbray, Segrave, Breuse de 
Gower, Fitz-Alan, Clun, Oswaldestre, Maltravers, 
& Greystock. 




After Van Dyck. 



1624-1640 ; 

Northumberland, 



B. Aug. 15, 1608; 

Knight of the Bath, Nov. 4, 16 16 ; 

st. Lord Maltravers, 

M.P., Arundel, 1628 j 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. 

May 20, 1633-Aug. 31, 1639; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Westmoreland, 
May 20, 1633-Aug., 1639 ; 

a Commissioner to exercise ecclesiastical juris- 
diction in England & Wales, Dec. 17,1633; 

M.P., Callan, (Irish Parlt), 1634 ; 

Privy Councillor of Ireland, Aug. 10, 1634 ; 

a Commissioner to try offenders on the Borders, 

Nov. 30, 1635 ; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Surrey, June 2, 1636 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, June 2, 1636; 
Vice-Admiral, cos. Norfolk & Cambridge, & 

Isle of Ely, [Dec. 3, 1636] ; 
Lieutenant to the Earl Marshal of England, 

[Oct. 10, 1638]; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Cumberland, Aug. 31, 

1639 ; 

M.P., Arundel, 1640 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Mowbray & Mal- 
travers, March 21, 1640; 

Volunteer with the King, 1642 ; 

Constable of Bristol Castle, & Keeper of 
Kingswood & Fillwood Forests, April 10, 
1642 • 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Nov. 1, 1642 ; 

Joint Commissioner for defence of the county, 
city, & university of Oxford, April 24, 1643 ; 

Governor & Commander-in-Chief of Arundel 
Castle, Dec. 21, 1643; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Arundel, Oct. 4, 1646; 

Earl Marshal of England ; 



Earls. 



Walkley, 
126. 

Willis, iii. 



Pat. p. 3, d. 



Ibid. 



Dom. eclii. 



Strafford, 
i. 267. 

Dom. cccii. 

Pat. p. 20, d. 
Ibid. 

Dom. 1638. 



Dom. cccc. 



Pat. p. 18. 



MS. Dugd. 
M. 1. 



Ibid. 



88 



ARUNDEL. 



Justice of the Peace, cos. Norfolk, Suffolk, Cum- 
berland, Westmoreland, Northumberland, 
Surrey, & Sussex ; 

;//. Lady Elizabeth Stuart, d. of Es?ne, 3rd Duke 
of Lennox, March [7], 1626 ; 

d. April 17, 1652. 



1652. Thomas Howard, son of Henry Frederick : Earl of Arundel, 

Surrey, & Norfolk, Premier Earl of England, 
Baron Howard, Talbot, Mowbray, Segrave, 
Breuse de Gower, Fitz-Alan, Clun, Oswaldestre, 
Maltravers, & Greystock, Furnival, & Strange 
of Blackmere. 

B. 1627 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Arundel, April 17, 1652 ; 

succ. as Baron Talbot, Furnival, & Strange of 

Blackmere, May 24, 1654; 
restored Duke of Norfolk, Dec. 29, 1660 ; 

see title Norfolk. 



Arms — Quarterly of 8 : 1, Gules, a bend between 6 cross crosslets fitchee argent, 
on the bend an escutcheon or, charged with a demi-hon within a double tressure, 
& pierced through the mouth with an arrow, all gules, (Howard) ; 2, Gules, 
3 lions passant or, a label of 3 argent, (Thomas of Brotherton) ; 3, Cheeky 
or & azure, (Warenne) ; 4, Gules, a lion rampant argent, (Mowbray) ; 
5, Gules, a lion rampant or, (Fitz-Alan) ; 6, Argent, a chief azure, (Fitz- 
Flale) ; 7, Sable, a fret or, (Maltravers) ; 8, Argent, a fess & canton 
gules, (Wydeville). 

Crests — 1, Out of a coronet, 2 wings of Howard, (Howard). 

2, Out of a wreath, a horse argent, with an oak -bough in his mouth, on 

a mount vert, (Fitz-Alan). 

3, Out of a wreath, a man's head, with long hair & pointed beard, in 

profile, proper, his cap peaked in front, gules turned up with argent, 
(Howard). 

Supporters— Dexter, a lion argent. Sinister, a horse argent, with an oak-slip in 
his mouth. 

Mottoes — 1, Virtutis laus actio. 

2, (1640), Concordia cum candore. 



Earls. 



ASHBURNHAM. 



8 9 



ASHBURNHAM. 

ASHBURNHAM. 

16S9. John Ashburnham I., grandson of Sir John Ashburnham, Knt. : 

Baron Ashburnham of Ashburnham. 

B. Jan. 15, 1656 ; 

st. John Ashburnham, Esq., 1674-16S9 ; 

M.P., Hastings, 1685 ; & 1689 ; 

cr. Baron Ashburnham of Ashburnham, May 

20, 1689 ; 
Custos Rotulorinn, ca Brecknock, Aug. 19, 

1702; 

m. Bridget, d. 6° h. of Walter Vaughan, Esq., of 
Porthommel Home, co. Brecknock, July 22, 
1677; 

d. Jan. 22, 1710. 



1704. — 'A thin, brown man.' 
— J. Macky, Characters, 
p. 107. 



1710. William Ashburnham, son of John I. : Baron Ashburnham of Ash- 
burnham. 

B. May 20, 1685 ; 

st. Hon. William Ashburnham, 1689-1710; 
M.P., Hastings, 1707 ; & 1708-17 10 ; 
succ. as 2nd Baron Ashburnham, Jan. 20, 
1710; 

m. Catherine., d. &> h. of Thomas Taylor, Esq.. 
of Clapham, co. Bedford ; 

d. June 16, 1710. 

17 10. John Ashburnham II., brother of William : Earl of Ashburnham, 

Viscount St. Asaph, & Baron Ashburnham of 
Ashburnham. 

B. March 13, 1687 ; 

st. Hon. John Ashburnham, 1689-1710 ; 
M.P., Hastings, Feb. -June, 17 10 ; 
vol. 1. N 



Barons, 

Earls. 



9° 



ASHBURNHAM. 



Cornet & Major, ist Troop of Horse Guards, 

[1710] ; 
succ. as 3rd Baron Ashburnham, June 16, 

1710; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Brecknock, Aug. 7, 

1710 ; 
Captain & Colonel, ist Troop of Horse Guards, 

July 7, 1713-March , 1 7 15 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince 

of Wales, Dec, 1728-June, 1731 ; 
cr. Viscount St. Asaph, & Earl of Ashburnham, 

May 12, 1730 ; 
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Nov. 23, 

1731 ; 

m. (1) Lady Mary Butler, d. of James, 2nd Duke 

of Ormond, Oct. 21, 17 10 ; 
;;/. (2) Henrietta {Stanley), dowager- Countess of 

Anglesey, July 24, 17 14; 
m. (3) Lady Jemima Grey, d. of Henry, Duke 

of Kent ; 

d. March 10, 1737. 



r 737- John Ashburnham III., son of John II. (3) : Earl of Ashburnham, 

Viscount St. Asaph, & Baron Ashburnham of 
Ashburnham. 

B. Oct. 30, 1725 ; 

st. Viscount St. Asaph, i 730-1 737 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Ashburnham, March 10, 

1737 ; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 
March 18, 174S ; 

cr. LL.D., of Cambridge, July 3, 1749 ; 

Ranger of Hyde Park, July 14, 1753-Nov., 1762; 

Ranger & Keeper of St. James's Park & the 
Mall, Sept. 1, 1753-Nov., 1762; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Sus- 
sex, March 12, 1754-Sept. 20, 1757; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 
Nov. 25, 1760; 



Earls. 

Luttrell, v. 
595- 



Pat. 



Appmt. 
Bk. 95- 



Appmt. 
Bk. 98. 



ASHBURNHAM. 



9i 



Privy Councillor, July 12, 1765 ; 

Keeper of the Great Wardrobe, July 12, 1765— 
Nov. 10, 1775 ; 

Groom of the Stole & First Lord of the Bed- 
chamber to King George III., Nov. 10, 
1775-March , 1782 ; 

/;/. Elizabeth, d. 6° co-h. of "John Crawley, Esq., 
Alderman of London, June 28, 1756 ; 

d. April 8, 1 81 2. 



1812. George Ashburnham, son of John III. : Earl of Ashburnham, Vis- 
count St. Asaph, & Baron Ashburnham of Ash- 
burnham. 

B. Dec. 25, 1760 ; 

st. Viscount St. Asaph, 1 760-181 2 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1780; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to George, Prince of 

Wales, June 19, 1784 ; 
summ. to Park, as Baron Ashburnham, Oct. 16, 

1S04 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Ashburnham, April 8, 1812 ; 
F.S.A. ; 

a Trustee of the British Museum ; 
G.C.H., 1827; 
K.G., June 22, 1829 ; 

m. (1) Lady Sophia Thynne, yd d. of Thomas, 
\st Marquis of Bath, Aug. 28, 1784; 

m. (2) Lady Charlotte Percy, eldest d. of Alger- 
non, \st Earl of Beverley, July 29, 1795 ; 

d. Oct. 17, 1830. 



1830. Bertram Ashburnham, 4th son of George (2) : Earl of Ashburn- 
ham, Viscount St. Asaph, & Baron Ashburnham 
of Ashburnham. 

B. Nov. 23, 1797 ; 

N 2 



Earls. 



02 



ASHBURNHAM. 



st. Viscount St. Asaph, i 813-1830 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Feb. 10, 1818; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Hastings Regt. of Militia, 

Feb. 10, 1818; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Ashburnham, Oct. 17, 

1830; 

m. Catherine Charlotte, d. of George Bat/tie, 
Esq., of Jcrviswood, N.B., Jan. 8, 1840. 

d. June 22, 1878. 



Eakls. 



1878. Bertram Ashburnham II., son of Bertram I. : Earl of Ashburnham, 

Viscount St. Asaph, & Baron Ashburnham of 
Ashburnham. 

B. Oct. 28, 1S40; 

St. Viscount St. Asaph, 1840-1878; 

educ. Westminster ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Sussex, March 5, 1864; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Brecknock, April 7, 

1866; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Ashburnham, June 22, 

1S78; 



Arms — Gules, a fess between 6 mullets argent. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, an ash tree proper. 

Supporters— Two greyhounds sable, the face, breast, belly & feet argent, collared 
& lined or. 

Motto— Le roi et l'estat. 



ATHOL. 



93 



ATHOL. 



MONTHERMER. 

1306. Ralph de Monthermer, Earl of Gloucester & Hertford : Earl of 

Athol, Lord of Strabolgi & Stratherne. 

cr. Earl of Athol, Oct. 12,1 306 ; 

resigned, June [24], 1307; 

see title Gloucester. 



+ 



+ 



STRABOLGI. 



132: 



David de Strabolgi II., son of John, Earl of Athol, in Scotland : 

Earl of Athol, in Scotland ; Baron de Strabolgi 
of Chilham; Lord of Odegh, in Ireland. 

B. before 1290; 

restored Earl of Athol, after June 24, 1307; 

Knight ; 

Joint Commander of the Royal Forces in co. 

Kent, Oct. 17, 132 1 ; 
Lord of the Manor & Honour of Chilham, co. 

Kent, Nov. 28, 132 1 ; 
summ. to Park, as Earl of Athol, March 14, 

1322; 
Chief Warden, co. Northumberland & the 

Marches, & Chief Arrayer & Captain of 

all the Forces therein, Sept. 15, 1322 ; 
Commander of English Troops for Gascony, 

May, 1325 j 
Chief Commissioner of Array in cos. Kent, 

Surrey, & Sussex, May 10, 1326 ; 

m. Joa/ie, eldest sister &° co.-h. of John Comyn, 
of Badenoch ; 

d. Dec. 28, 1327. 




from Rot. Cott. xv. 8. 



Pale dor & de sable.'— Ibid. 



Earls. 



R. pat. m. 4. 



P. writs, i. 

539- 

R. orig. 22. 



P. writs, i. 
603. 

French Chr. 
of Lond. 48. 

P. writs, 
ii. 749. 



94 



ATHOL. 



m>°- 



David de Strabolgi III., son of David II. : Earl of Athol, in 

Scotland ; Baron de Strabolgi of Chilham. 

B. 1307 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Earl of Athol, Jan. 25, 1330 ; 

Joint Commissioner, (from 



Kins' Edward 



Baliol), to the Parliament at York, Dec. 6, 

i33 2 ; 
attainted, 



r 335 ; 



Earls. 



restored, after Aug., 1335 ; 

Lieutenant & Warden North of Forth, 1335 ; 

;;/. Catherine, d. of Henry de Beaumont, 1st Lord 
Beaumont, Earl of Buchan, in Scotland ; 
killed (in Scotland), Nov. 30, 1335. 



1336. David de Strabolgi IV., son of David III. : Earl of Athol, in 

Scotland ; Baron de Strabolgi of Chilham. 

B. about 1327 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Earl of Athol, Jan. 20, 1336; 

Steward of Scotland, [1339] ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Henry, yd Lord Ferrers of 
Groby, before 1361 ; (d. Oct. 22, 1375); 

d. Oct. 10, 1375. 



Chr. de Lan- 
ercost, 267. 

R. pat. 

Hemingb. 
ii. 311. 
Scalacron. 
166. 



+ 



+ 



R. pat. 1. 

m. 30. 



A UCKLAND. 



95 




AUCKLAND. 

EDEN. 

1793. William Eden, 3rd son of Sir John Eden. Bart. : Baron Auckland 

of West Auckland ; Baron Auckland in Ire- 
land. 

B. 1744; 

educ. Eton, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

M.A. of Oxford, June 2, 176S ; 

Barrister, Middle Temple, 1768 ; 

Auditor of Greenwich Hospital, March 21, 1771; 

Under-Secretary of State for the Foreign De- 
partment, 1 772-1 778; 

M.P., Woodstock, 1774; &1780-1784; 

a Lord of Trade & Foreign Plantations, 
March 15, 1776-1782; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with the Colonies, 
April 13, 1778-Jan., 1779; 

Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, Oct. , i7So-April, 1782; 

Under- Treasurer for Ireland, Oct. 21, 1780- 
April, 1782 ; 

Privy Councillor of Ireland, Oct. 21, 1780 ; 

M.P., Dungannon, (Irish Park.), 1781-1782 ; 

Privy Councillor, April 7, 1783 ; 

Joint Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, April 9- 
Dec. 19, 1783; 

M.P., Heytesbury, 1784; & 1790-1793; 

Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Paris, Dec. 4, 1785 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to Madrid, March, i78S-June , 
1789; 

cr. Baron Auckland, in Ireland, Nov. 18, 1789 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 
the Hague, Nov. 28, 1789-May 29, 1793 ; 



After H. Edridge. 



' In his person he rose above 
the ordinary height ; but 
Eden's figure was elegant, 
& wanted not givice. His 
countenance was thin & 
pale ; his features regular, 
& full of intelligence ; his 
manners calm, polite, & 
conciliating.' — SIR N. W. 
Wraxall, Post. Mem. I. 
43S. 



Barons, 
Earl. 



9 6 



A UCKLAND. 



cr. Baron Auckland of West Auckland, 

Nov. 22, 1793 ; 
Chancellor of Marischal College, Aberdeen, 

1796; 
Joint Postmaster-General, Feb. 17, 1798-May , 

1804 ; 
Recorder of Grantham ; 
President of the Board of Trade & Foreign 

Plantations, Feb. 5, 1806- March 26, 

1807; 
Joint Commissioner to arrange differences with 

the United States, Aug. 20, 1806 ; 

;;/. Eleanor Elliot, sister of Gilbert, {afterwards) 
1st Earl of Minto, Sept. 26, 1776; 

d. May 28, 1814. 




W 



1814. 



George Eden, 2nd son of William : Earl of Auckland, Baron Auck- 
land of West Auckland, & Baron Eden of Nor- 
wood ; Baron Auckland, in Ireland. 

B. Aug. 25, 1784; 

st. Hon. George Eden, 1789-1S14 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, Feb. 25, 1806; 

M.A. of Oxford, Dec. 17, 1808; 

M. P., Woodstock, 1810-1812; & 1813-1814; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Auckland, May 28, 1814; 

a Commissioner & Auditor of Greenwich Hos- 
pital, June, 1 8 14 ; 

Master of the Mint, & President of the Board of 
Trade, Nov. 22, 1830; 

Privy Councillor, Nov. 22, 1830 ; 

Auditor of the Receipt of the Exchequer, Jan. 14, 
1834; 



Barons, 

Eakl. 



A UCKLAND. 



97 



First Lord of the Admiralty, July 28-Nov. 21, 

1834; 

First Lord of the Admiralty, April 22, 1835; 

Governor-General of India, Aug. 12, 1835- 
Feb. 28, 1842 ; 

G.C.B., Aug. 29, 1835; 

cr. Baron Eden of Norwood, & Earl of Auck- 
land, Dec. 21, 1839 ; 

First Lord of the Admiralty, July 7, 1846 ; 

President of the Senate of University College, 
London ; 

d. Jan. 1, 1849. 




1849. Robert John Eden, brother of George : Baron Auckland of West 

Auckland ; Baron Auckland, in Ireland. 

B. July 10, 1799] 

st. Hon. Robert John Eden, 1 799-1 823 ; 

educ. Eton, & Magdalen Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1819 ; 

Rector of Eyam, co. Derby, 1823 ; 

Rector of Hertingfordbury, co. Herts, Nov. , 
1825 ; 

Chaplain in Ordinary to King William IV., 
Nov. 2, 1 83 1 ; 

Vicar of Battersea, Dec. 22, 1834 ; 

Chaplain in Ordinary to Queen Victoria, 1837; 

nom. Bishop of Sodor & Man, May 1, 1841 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron Auckland, Jan. 1, 1849; 

transl. to Bath & Wells, June 2, 18543 (re- 
signed, 1869); 

vi. Mary, eldest d. of Francis Edward Hurt, 
Esq., Sept. 15, 1825 ; 

d. April 25, 1870. 
vol. 1. o 



Earl, 
Barons. 



9 8 



AUCKLAND. 



1870. William George Eden, son of Robert John: Baron Auckland of 

West Auckland, Baron Auckland, in Ireland. 

B. Jan. 19, 1829 ; 

educ. Rugby; 

st. William George Eden, Esq., 1 847-1 849 ; 

Attache of Legation at Stockholm, Nov. 27, 

1847; 
st. Hon. William George Eden, 1849-1870; 
Attache of Legation at Washington, Feb. 20, 

1852; 
Attache of Legation at Brussels, June 16,1852; 
Attache of Legation at Stuttgardt, Aug. 14,1853; 
Attache of Legation at Stockholm, July 16, 

1854; 
Attache' of Legation at Frankfort, Feb. 24, 1858 ; 
Secretary of Legation at Stuttgardt, May 28, 

1859; 
Charge d' Affaires at Stuttgardt, June 15-Oct. 7, 

1859; 
Charge d' Affaires at Carlsruhe, Oct. 8, 1859- 

Aug. , 1 86 1 ; 
succ. as 4th Baron Auckland, April 25, 1870 

m. (1) Lucy Walbanke, d. of John JFalba/ihe- 
Childers, Esq., Oct. 8,1857; {d. May 8, 
1870); 

m. (2) Lady Mabel Emily Finch-Hatton, 2nd d. 
of George James, nth Earl of Winchelsea, 
July 6, 1872; (d. Nov. 7, 1872) ; 

m. (3) Edith, youngest d. of Sir William Eden, 
Bart, July 20, 1875. 



Arms — Gules, on a chevemn between 3 garbs or, banded vert, as many escallops 
sable. 

Crest — A dexter arm embowed in armour, the hand grasping a garb or, the upper 
part of the arm encircled by an annulet gules. 

Supporters — Dexter, a horse gardant argent, charged on the breast with afleurde- 
lys or. Sinister, a horse argent, charged on the breast with a tower or. 

Motto— Si sit prudeiNtia. 



Baron. 



A YLESFORD. 



99 



AYLESFORD. 

FINCH. 

1 7 14. Heneage Finch I., 2nd son of Heneage, Earl of Nottingham : Earl 

of Aylesford, & Baron of Guernsey. 

B. about 1655 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Barrister of Inner Temple ; 

King's Counsel, July 10, 1677 ; 

Solicitor General to the Duke of York ; 

Solicitor General, Jan. 13, 1679-April , 1686; 

M.P., University of Oxford, 1679 '■> 

M.P., Guildford, 16S5-16S6 ; 

M.P., University of Oxford, 16S9 ; 1690; 1695- 

169S; 1701 ; 1701 ; & 1702-1703; 
cr. Baron of Guernsey, March 15, 1703 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 20, 1703-May 20, 

1706 ; 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Oct. 14, 

1714-Feb. 29, 1716 ; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 14, 17 14 ; 
cr. Earl of Aylesford, Oct. 26, 17 14 ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. 6° co-h. of Sir John Banks, 
Bart., of Aylesford ; 

d. July 22, 1719. 




From a print. 



1704. — 'A tall, thin, black 
man.' — J. Macky, Charac- 
ters, p. 90. 



Earls. 



Pal. 



Ibid. 



Gaz. 

Ibid. 
Ibid. 



17 19. Heneage Finch II., son of Heneage I.: Earl of Aylesford, & Baron 

of Guernsey. 

B. before 1680 ; 

st. Hon. Heneage Finch, 1 703-1714; 
M.P., co. Surrey, 1710; 1713 ; & 1715-1719 ; 
Master of the Jewel House, June 11, 1711- 

Feb. 29, 1 7 16 ; 
st. Lord Guernsey, 1714-1719; 
Privy Councillor of Ireland, 1714 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Aylesford, July 22, 17 19; 
o 2 



IOO 



A YLESFORD. 



1759- 



in. Mary, d. & h. of Sir Clement Fisher, Bart., 
of Packington, Dec. 9, 17 12 ; 

d. June 29, 1759. 



Heneage Finch III., son of Heneage II. : Earl of Aylesford, & 

Baron of Guernsey. 

B. Nov. 6, 1 7 15 ; 

st. Lord Guernsey, 1719-1759; 

educ. University Coll., Oxford ; 

cr. M.A., Dec. 13, 1735; 

MP., co. Leicester, Dec. 1739-1741 ; 

M.P., Maidstone, 1741-1747 ; & 1754-1757; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Aylesford, June 29, 1759 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, April 14, 1761 ; 

m. Lady Charlotte Seymour, d. of Charles, Duke 
of Somerset, Oct. 6, 1750; 

d. May 9, 1777. 



1777. 



Heneage Finch IV., son of Heneage III. 

Baron of Guernsey. 



Carl of Aylesford, & 




From a print. 



B. July 4, 1751 ; 

st. Lord Guernsey, i 759-1 777 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

cr. M.A., June 16, 1770 ; 

M.P., Castle Rising, 1772-1774; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 7, 1773 ; 

M.P., Maidstone, 1774-17 77 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Aylesford, May 9, 1777; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

Dec. 20, 1777-Dec. 31, 1783; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 31, 1783 ; 
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Jan. 2, 

1784; 
a Lord of Trade & Foreign Plantations, 

March 5, 1784 ; 
F.S.A., April 23, 1784; 
Captain, Warwickshire Troops of Gentry & 

Yeomanry, Aug. 5, 1794; 



Earls. 



A YLESFORD. 



101 



High Steward of Sutton Coldfield ; 

a Trustee of the British Museum ; 

Colonel, Warwickshire Regt. of Gentry & Yeo- 
manry, Nov. ii, 1797 ; 

Lord Steward of the Household, May 30, 1804- 
Feb. 19, 1 81 2 ; 

Councillor to the Queen, (as Citstos Persona of 
King George III.), 181 1 ; 

m. Lady Louisa Thynne, eldest d. of Thomas, \st 
Marquis of Bath, Nov. 18, 1781 ; 

d. Oct. 21, 18 1 2. 




1S12. 



Heneaoe Finch V., son of Heneage IV. 

Baron of Guernsev. 



Earl of Aylesford, & 



B. April 24, 1786; 

st. Lord Guernsey, 1 786-181 2 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, March 19, 1807 ; 

M.P., Weobley, 1807-1812 ; 

Cornet, 9th Regt. of Light Dragoons, Aug. 22, 

1811 ; 
Lieutenant, do., May 20, 181 2 

succ. as 5 th Earl of Aylesford, Oct. 12, 1812 
Lieut.-Colonel Commandant Warwickshire Regt 

of Yeomanry, May 23, 1814-March 6, 1848 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick, July 11, 1822 
Vice-Lieutenant, co. Wanvick, June 30, 1828 
a Trustee of Rugby School ; 
F.S.A. j 

m. Lady Augusta Sophia Greville, 4th d. of 
George, 2nd Earl of Warwick, April 23, 
1821 ; 

d. Jan. 3, 1852. 



Earls. 



102 



AYLESFORD. 



1S59. Heneage Finch VI., son of Heneage V. : Earl of Aylesford, & 

Baron of Guernsey. 

B. Dec. 24, 1824; 

st. Lord Guernsey, 1824-1859; 

Major, Warwickshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

March 23, 1848 ; 
M.P., South Warwickshire, 1849; & 1852-1857 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick, Sept. 3, 1852 
succ. as 6th Earl of Aylesford, Jan. 3, 1859 

m. Anne, only d. &> h. of yo/in Wightwick 
Knightley, Esq., May 7, 1846 ; 

d. Jan. 10, 187 1. 



1 87 1. Heneage Finch VII., son of Heneage VI. : Earl of Aylesford, & 

Baron of Guernsey. 

B. Feb. 21, 1849 '> 

educ. Eton ; 

st. Lord Guernsey, 1859-1S71; 

Captain, Warwickshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

July 9, 1869-Sept. , 1877 j 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick, Jan. 27, 1870 ; 
succ. as 7th Earl of Aylesford, Jan. 10, 187 1 ; 

m. Edith, yd d. of Lieut.-Col. Peers Williams, 
of Temple House, Great Marlow, Jan. 8, 
1871. 



Arms — Argent, a cheveron between 3 griffins passant sable. 

Crest — A griffin passant sable. 

Supporters — Dexter, a griffin sable, ducally gorged or. Sinister, a lion or, ducally 
gorged azure. 

Motto — Aperto vivere voto. 



Eakls. 



BANB UR Y. 



io- 



1626. 



BANBURY. 

KNOLL VS. 

William Knollys, son of Sir Francis Knollys, K.G. : Earl of Ban- 
bury, Viscount Wallingford, & Baron Knollys 
of Gray's Court. 

B. 1544; 

Captain, army in the North, 1569 ; 

M.P., Tregony, 1572 ; 

Keeper of the Manor of Ewelme, June 25, 1584; 

Captain of Horse, (Low Countries), 1585 ; 

M.P., co. Oxford, 1585-1586; 1592-1593; 

I S97-i59 8 ; & l6 or ; 
Knight, (by Earl of Leicester), Oct. 7, 1586 ; 
Colonel of the Oxford & Gloucester Regts. of 

Foot, 1588 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Oxford, [1 59 1] ; 
M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 27, 1592 ; 
Comptroller of the Household, Aug. 30, 1596 ; 
Privy Councillor, Aug. 30, 1596; 
Joint Lieutenant, cos. Berks & Oxford, 

Nov. 4, 1596; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with the Dutch 

Ambassadors, Aug., 1598; 
Constable of Wallingford Castle, High Steward, 

c\r Master of the Game in the Honour of 

Wallingford, (/;/ reversion), Feb. 8, i6or ; 
Lieutenant, cos. Berks & Oxford, July, 1601 ; 
Treasurer of the Household, Dec. 22, 1602- 

Dec. 22, 1616 ) 
Privy Councillor, May 10, 1603 ; 
cr. Baron Knollys of Gray's Court, May 13, 

1603 ; 
Cofferer of the Household to Henry, Prince of 

Wales, [1606]; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Oxford & Berks, 

March 22, 1613 ; 




From a contemporary print. 



Earl. 



Cecil, 770. 

Willis, iii. 

Pat. 3. 

MS. Lansd. 
78. 

Willis, iii. 



MS. Reg. 
18. C. xxi. 



P.C. Reg. 
Ibid. 

Pat. 



Camden, 
723- 



Dom. 



Chamber- 
lain, 171. 

Dom. i. 73. 



Dom. xxiii.3. 
Pat. 25. 



io4 



BANBURY. 



a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, Jan. 24- 

July 11, 1 6 14; 
Master of the Court of Wards & Liveries, 

Oct. 10, 1614-Jan. 15, 1619; 
High Steward of Reading, 16 14 ; 
K.G., April 24, 16 15 ; 
cr. Viscount Wallingford, Nov. 7, 16 16 ; 
High Steward of Oxford, [1620]; 
Joint Keeper of Alisholt Forest & Chace, 

July 2, 1625 ; 
cr. Earl of Banbury, Aug. 18, 1626 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Berks, March 7, 

1628; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Oxford & Berks ; 

(1) Dorothy (Bray), dowager Baroness 
Chandos, after 1573 ; (d. Nov. [7], 1605) ; 
(2) Lady Elizabeth Howard, eldest d. of 
Thomas, 1st Earl of Suffolk, 1606 ; 

d. May 25, 1632. 



m 



VI 




Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Azure, semee of cross crosslets, a cross escercele'e voided 
or, (Knollys) ; 2 & 3, Gules, on a cheveron argent 3 roses of the field, 
(Knollys ancient). 

Crest — On a wreath, an elephant argent, armed or. 

Supporters — Two antelopes argent, the dexter armed or, the sinister, sable. 

Motto — In utrumque paratus. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



Earl 



Grant 
Bk. 135. 



BATH. 105 


BATH. 


Eari.s, 
Makquises. 


CHANDE. 




i486. Philibert de Chande, Lord of Chande : Earl of Bath. 




B. before 1465 ; 

st. Philibert de Savoy, 1485 ; 




Commander of French Auxiliaries for Henry, 




Earl of Richmond, 1485 ; 




Knight, (by Earl of Richmond), Aug. 7, 1485; 
cr. Earl of Bath, Jan. 5, i486. 


MS. Claud 

C. iii. 


' Strenuus & sapiens miles.' — 
Bernard Andre, Vita 
Henrici VII., p. 25. 




' Vir militari doctrina prgedi- 
tus.' — Ibid. p. 29. 




+ + + 




VOL. I. P 





io6 



BATH. 



BOURCHIER. 

1536. John Bourchier L, son of Fulkc, nth Lord Fitz-Waryne : Earl of 

Bath, & Baron Fitz-Waryne. 

B. 1470 ; 

succ. as 1 2th Baron Fitz-Waryne, Sept. 12, 

M79; 
Knight of the Bath, Oct. 31, 1494 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in cos. Somerset 

& Dorset, Jan. 28, 15 13; 
Captain in English Army, (France), June-Oct, 

i5 x 3 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in cos. Somerset 

& Dorset, Feb. 12, 15 15 ; 

Joint Commissioner to inquire into demolitions 
& enclosures in co. Somerset, May 28, 1517; 

Privy Councillor, [May, 1520]; 

Chief Commissioner to collect a subsidy in co. 
Somerset, Nov. 2, 1523 ; 

Member of Gray's Inn, after 1520 ; 

cr. Earl of Bath, July 9, 1536 ; 

took his seat as Earl, July 10, 1536 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Somerset, Wilts, Dor- 
set, & Devon ; 

;/;. (1) Cecily, d. & h: of Giles, \st Lord Dait- 

be?iey, [1499] ; 
m. (2) 

d. April 30, 1539. 




As Lord Fitz-Waryne, 1512. 
From MS. Ashmole 13. 



Earl. 




MS. Jul. 
B. xii. 



S. P. 3688. 

Chron. 
Calais, 13. 



S. P. 3723. 



Pat. 2, m. 
6. d. 

MS. Titus, 
B. i. 



S. P. 3504- 

Dom. Eliz. 
xxiii. 4. 

Joum.H. of 
L. i. 95. 



BATH. 



107 



1539. John Bourchier II., son of John I. (1): Earl of Bath, & Baron 

Fitz-Waryne. 

B. 1499 ; 

Sheriff, cos. Somerset & Dorset, Nov., 15 t 9; 

Knight, [Feb. 14, 1523] ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Bath, April 30, 1539 ; 

Privy Councillor, [Aug. 17], 1553 ; 

Chief Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of 

Queen Mary, Aug. 28, 1553 ; 
Bearer of St. Edward's Staff, Coron. of Queen 

Mary, Oct. 1, 1553 ; 
Constable of Beaumaris Castle, & Captain of 

Beaumaris, Sept. 7, 1553 ; 
a Special Commissioner for trial of Lady Jane 

Grey & others, Nov. n, 1553 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Norfolk, Suffolk, & 

Devon, Feb. 18, 1554 ; 
Chief Commissioner to inquire into treasons & 

felonies in co. Devon, May 8, 1554; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Dorset, Devon, & Corn- 
wall, (about) June, 1556; 

vi. (1) Elizabeth, d. of Sir Walter LLunger- 

ford, Kid. ; 
vi. (2) Eleanor Manners, yd d. of George, ijili 

Lord Roos, 6° sister of Thomas, xst Earl of 

Rutland ; 
vi. (3) Margaret (Donnington), widow of Sir 

Richard Long, Knt. ; 

d. Feb. 10, 1560. 




Fiom his effigy at Hengrave. 




Earl. 



S- P. 500. 
S. P. 2862. 



MS. Harl. 
643- 

Tat. 2. 



Pat. 12. 

Baga de Se- 
cretis, xxiii. 

Pat. 1, d. 

Ibid. 

Dom. ix. 15. 



? ?■ 



io8 



BATH. 



1560. William Bourchier, grandson of John II. (2): Earl of Bath, & 

Baron Fitz-Waryne. 

B. before Feb. 1557 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Bath, Feb. 10, 1560; 

Volunteer under Earl of Leicester, (Netherlands,) 

1585; 
Vice-Admiral, co. Devon, [June n, 1586]; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Devon, & city of Exeter, 
Sept. 12, 1587 ; 

a Commissioner to exercise ecclesiastical juris- 
diction in the diocese of Exeter, Sept. n, 
1604 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Somerset, Devon, & 
Cambridge ; 

m. Lady Elizabeth Russell, 2nd d. of Francis, 
2/id Earl of Bedford, Aug. 7, 1583 ; (d. 
March 24, 1605) ; 

d. July 12, 1623. 




1623. Edward Bourchier, son of William : Earl of Bath, & Baron Fitz- 
Waryne. 

B. before Feb. 19, 1603 ; 

st. Lord Fitz-Waryne, [i6o3]-i623; 

Knight of the Bath, June 3, 1610; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Bath, July 12, 1623 ; 

J ustice of the Peace, cos. Somerset & Devon ; 

in. (1) Dorothy, d. of Oliver, yd Lord St. John 
of B lets ho, July 14, 1623; 



Earls. 



Dom. cxc. 16. 

Pat 17. 

Grant Bk. 
p. 12. 



BATH. 



109 



;;/. (2) Anne, d. of Sir Robert Lovett, Kut., 1633; 

d. March 2, 1637. 




WfllClMw. 




1637. Henry Bourchier, cousin of Edward: 

Waryne. 



Earl of Bath, & Baron Fitz- 



1637. — ' His Low-, (I havinge 
never seene the Colossus 
afore), you will easilye 
beleeve, lookd Bigge.' — 
George, Lord Digby, to 
the Earl of Bedford, Aug. 
15 : MS. Harl. 7001. 



B. before 1600 ; 

st. Henry Bourchier, Esq., [162 1]; 

Knight, (by King James I.), Nov. 9, 162 1 ; 

Lieutenant for the Earl Marshal in a Court Mili- 
tary, Jan. 9, 1632 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Bath, March 2, 1637 ; 

Privy Councillor, Aug. 8, 1641 ; 

Chief Commissioner of Array in cos. Devon, 
Somerset, & Cornwall, July 19, 1642 ; 

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Jan. 22, 1644: 

Joint Commissioner for the defence of Oxford, 
June 3, 1644; 

Joint Commissioner of ' Oyer & Terminer ' in 
co. Somerset, Jan. 14, 1645; 

m. Rachel Fa/ie, sister of Mi Id /nay, 1st Earl of 
Westmoreland ; 

d. Aug. 15, 1654. 




Earls. 



MS. Wood. 
B. 9. 



Dom. ccx. 

21. 



MS. Dugd. 
M.i. 



Ibid. 



no 



BATH. 



1661. 




Arms— Quarterly, 1. & iv., Bourchier & Lou vain quarterly: 1 & 4, Argent a 
cross engrailed gules, between 4 water-bougets sable ; 2 & 3, Gules billetty 
or, a fess argent, over all a label of France. II. & in., Per pale argent & 
gules, counterchanged per fess dancettee, (Fitz-Waryne). 

Crest — Out of a wreath or & azure, an Indian King's head in profile proper, 
crowned or, with high cap curved forward gules having at the point a small 
bell. 

SurroRTERS — Dexter, a tiger argent. Sinister, a falcon argent, with wing lined 
gules, beaked & membered or. 

Motto— Bon temps viendra. 

+ + + 



GRANVILLE. 

John Granville, son of Sir Bevil Granville, Knt. : Earl of Bath, 

Viscount Granville of Lansdown, & Baron of 
Kilkhampton & Biddeford. 

B. (about) 1627 ; 

educ. Gloucester Hall, Oxford ; 

Lieut-Colonel of Sir Bevil Granville's Regt. of ! 
Foot, (Royal Army), 1644; 

Brigadier of Foot, [1644] ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Charles, 
Prince of Wales, 1645; 

Knight, [Dec. 8, 1648] ; 

Governor of the Scilly Islands, [1 650-1 651] ; 

Secret Envoy to General Monk, July 21, 1659 ; 

Warden of the Stannaries, High Steward of the 
Duchy of Cornwall, & Rider & Master of 
Dartmoor Forest, June 22, 1660 ; 

Keeper of the House & Wardrobe of St. 
James's, Aug. 22, 1660 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Cornwall, Oct. 1, 1660 ; 

Groom of the Stole, & First Gentleman of the 
Bedchamber, to King Charles II., Oct. 26, 
1660-Feb. 6, 16S5 ; 

cr. Baron Granville of Kilkhampton & Bidde- 
ford, Viscount Granville of Lansdown, & 
Earl of Bath, April 20, 1661 ; 

Governor of the town & castle of Plymouth, 
& St. Nicholas' Island, May 13, 1661 ; 

Privy Councillor, July 26, 1663 ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford. Sept. 28, 1663; 



Earls. 



\1 I JL 



After a painter unknown. 



Fanshawe, 
Mem. p. 56. 

Ormond 
Lttrs. i. 377. 
Baker, 651. 



Pat. 

Pat. 
Pat. 



F.stabl. 
Bk. 98. 



rat. 



BA TIL 



TTI 



a Commissioner of Appeal on Prizes, Aug. 13, 

1666; 
Captain, Prince Rupert's Regt. of Horse, 

June 13, 1667 ; 
Keeper of the House & Manor of St. James's, 

Sept. 7, 1670 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1679; 
Colonel, (10th) Regt. of Foot, June 20, 1685 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 14, 1689; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, cos. 

Cornwall & Devon, June 20, 1689- 

April, 1696 ; 
Governor of Penclennis Castle ; 
Captain & Governor of Plymouth, July 16, 

1689 ; 
Ranger of St. James's Park ; 

in. yoan,d. of Sir Peter Wyc/i, K/it., Comptroller 
of the Household, about Oct., 1652 ; 

d. Aug. 22, 1 701. 




1701. Charles Granville, son of John : Earl of Bath, Viscount Granville 

of Lansdovvn, Baron Granville of Kilkhampton 
& Biddeford ; Count of the Holy Roman 
Empire. 

B. before 1659 ; 

st. Lord Lansdown, 1661-1701 ; 

Joint Keeper of the House & Manor of St. 

James's, Sept. 7, 1670; 
M.P., Launceston, 1679-1681 ; 
cr. Count of the Holy Roman Empire, Jan. 27, 

1684; 
M.P., co. Cornwall, 1685-1686; 



Earls. 
Pat. p. 4. 

Dom. ccv. 



Gaz. 
Pat. 

Pat. 



112 



BATH. 



1701, 



Ambassador Extraordinary to Madrid, June, 

1685-1689; 
sumfn. to Parlt. as Baron Granville of Kilk- 

hampton, July 16, 1689; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, 

cos. Cornwall & Devon, May 6, 1691- 

March, 1693 ; 
Joint Captain & Governor of Plymouth, 

May 6, 1691-March, 1693 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King William 

III., Jan., 1692-March, 1693 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Bath, Aug. 22, 1701 ; 

m. (1) Lady Martha Osborne, $th d. of Thomas, 
ist Duke of Leeds, May 22, 1678 ; 

m. (2) Lsabel, Countess of Nassau, sister of 
Henry, afterwards Earl of Grantham, 
Feb., 1691 ; 

d. Sept. 4, 1 701. 



William Henry Granville, son of Charles (2) : Earl of Bath, 

Viscount Granville of Lansdown, & Baron Gran- 
ville of Kilkhampton & Biddeford ; Count of 
the Holy Roman Empire. 

B. Jan. 30, 1692 ; 

st. Viscount Lansdown, 

1701 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Bath, 

d, 



Aug. 22-Sept. 4, 



Sept. 4, 1 701 ; 
May 17, 1 71 1. 



Arms— Quarterly, 1, Gules, 3 clarions or ; 2, Gules, a cheveron between 3 lions' 
paws erect & erased ermine ; 3, Ermine, a bull passant gules, armed & crined 
or ; 4, Azure, frettee argent, a chief or. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules turned up with ermine, a dragon with wings ele- 
vated or. 

Supporters — Two dragons or, armed & langued gules. 

Motto — Futurum invisible. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



Earls. 



Luttrell, 
»• 343- 



BATH. 



"3 



174: 



PULTENEY. 

William Pulteney, son of William Pulteney, Esq. : Earl of Bath, 

Viscount Pulteney of Wrington, & Baron of 
Hedon. 

B. 1682 ; 

educ. Westminster, & Christ Church Coll., Ox- 
ford ; 

st. William Pulteney, Esq., 1700-1742 ; 

M.P., Hedon, 1705; 1708; 1710 ; 1713 ; 
1715 ; 1722; & 1727-1734; 

Secretary at War, Sept. 27, 1714-April n, 

Privy Councillor, July 6, 1716-July 1, 1731 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, [1716]; 
Custos Rotulorum, East Riding, co. York, 

Nov. 28, 1721-July, 1 73 1 ; 
Lieutenant, East Riding, co. York, & Kingston- 

on-Hull, Dec. 7, 1721-July, 1731 ; 
Cofferer of the Household, May 28, 1723-April, 

1724 ; 
M.P., co. Middlesex, 1734; & 1 741-1742 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 20, 1742 ; 
cr. Baron of Hedon, Viscount Pulteney of 

Wrington, & Earl of Bath, July 13, 1742 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, April 27, 1743 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, May 4, 1745 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Salop, March 9 1761 ; 
F.R.S., Nov. 15, 1744; 

;//. Anna-Maria, d. <5^ co-h. of John Gumley, 
Esq., Dec. 27, 17 14 ; (d. Sept. 14, 1758) ; 

d. July 8, 1764. 




Earl. 



Afcer Jervas. 



1742. — 'Then, (but there's a 

vast space betwixt,) 

The new made Earl of Bath 

comes next. 

Stiff in his popular pride: 

His step, his gait, describe 

the man, 
They paint him better than 
I can, 
Waddling from side to 
side.' 



Tat. 



Pat. 




VOL. I. 



ii4 



BATH. 



Arms — Argent, a fess dancettee, in chief 3 leopards' heads sable. 
Crest — On a wreath, a leopard's head erased sable, gorged with a ducal coronet or. 
Supporters— Two leopards argent, gutee de poix, collared dancettee gules. 
Motto —Quo virtus. 



Earl. 

Countess. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



PULTENEY. 

1792. Henrietta Laura Pulteney, cousin of William, Earl of Bath: 

Countess & Baroness of Bath. 

B. Dec. 6, 1766; 

cr. Baroness of Bath, July 26, 1792; 

cr. Countess of Bath, Oct. 26, 1803 ; 

m. Sir J 'ames Murray, Bart., {who assumed the 
name of Pulteney), July 23, 1794; 

d. Aug. 14, 1808. 

Arms & Supporters— as above. 



+ 



+ 



BATH. 



"5 




THYNNE. 

1789. Thomas Thynne III., son of Thomas, 2nd Viscount Weymouth : 

Marquis of Bath, Viscount Weymouth, Baron 
Thynne of Warminster, & a Baronet. 

B. Sept. 13, 1734 ; 

ecluc. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

succ. as 3rd Viscount Weymouth, Jan. 12, 

1751 ; 

High Steward of Tamworth, June 25, 1756 : 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

Nov. 25, 1760 ; 
Master of the Horse to the Queen, April 21, 

1763; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, May 29-Aug. 1, 

1765; 
Privy Councillor, May 29, 1765 ; 

Secretary of State for the Northern Department. 
Jan. 20, 1768 ; 

Secretary of State for the Southern Department, 
Oct. 21, 1768-Dec. 16, 1770 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 3, 1769 ; 

an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 
March 31, 1770 ; 

Groom of the Stole & First Lord of the Bed- 
chamber to King George III., March 29- 
Nov. 10, 1775 ; 

Secretary of State for the Southern Department. 
Nov. 10, 1775-Nov. 25, 1779; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, May 26, 1778; 

K.G., June 3, 1778; 

Secretary of State for the Northern Department, 
March-Nov. 25, 1779 ; 

Groom of the Stole & First Lord of the Bed- 
chamber to King George III., May 4, 1782 ; 

F.S.A., April 28, 1784; 

cr. Marquis of Bath, Aug. 25, 1789; 

Member of the Board of Agriculture, Aug. 31, 

1793; 

Q2 



After Sir T. Lawrence. 



'He was tall & handsome, & 
irom a German education, 
solemn & formal in his out- 
ward deportment. His look 
spoke absence.' — H. Wai,- 
pole, Mem. George III.. 
IV. 239. 



Marquis. 



Appmt. 
Bk. 98. 



n6 



BA TH. 



A genteel man, & of excellent 
natural sense, as is univer- 
sally said.' — Edm. Burke, 
Corrcsp., I., 75. 



in. Lady Elizabeth Cavendish- Beritinck, eldest d. 
of William, 2nd Duke of Portland, May 22, 
1759; ( d - Dec - I2 > 1825); 

d. Nov. 19, 1796. 




1796. Thomas Thynne IV., son of Thomas III. : Marquis of Bath, Vis- 
count Weymouth, Baron Thynne of Warminster, 
& a Baronet, 

B. Jan. 15, 1765;. 

st. Hon. Thomas Thynne, 1765- 1789 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

F.S.A., April 29, 17S4; 

M.P., Weobley, 1786-1790; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1 787 ; 

st. Viscount Weymouth, 1 789-1 796 ; 

M.P., Bath, 1790 ; & 1796; 

Colonel, Wiltshire Provisional Cavalry, April 1, 

1794; 
succ. as 2nd Marquis of Bath, 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Wilts, 
Lieutenant, Wiltshire Regt. 

April 25, 1799; 
Toint Vice Lieutenant, co. Wilts 

1807; 
Lieutenant - Colonel Commandant, Wiltshire 

Regt. of Yeomanry, July 30, 18 11 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Somerset, Feb. 8, 181 9; 
K.G., July 29, 1823 ; 
D.C.L. ; 

m. Hon. Isabella Byng, d. of George, 4th Viscount 
Torriuglon, April 24, 1794; 

d. March 27, 1837. 



Nov. 19, 1796 ; 
July 22, 1798; 
of Yeomanry, 



May 



12, 



Marquises. 



BATH. 



117 



1837. Henry Frederick Thynne, 2nd son of Thomas IV. : Marquis of 

Bath, Viscount Weymouth, Baron Thynne of 
Warminster, & a Baronet. 

B. May 24, 1797 ; 

st. Lord Henry F. Thynne, i 797-1837 ; 

Midshipman, R.N.j 

Lieutenant, Nov. 27, 181 7 5 

Commander, June 9, 182 1 ; 

Post Captain, July 30, 1822 j 

M.P., Weobley, 1824-1826 ; 1828 j 1830 ; & 

1831-1832 ; 
st. Viscount Weymouth, Jan. -March, 1837 ; 
succ. as 3rd Marquis of Bath, March 27. 1837 ; 

m. Harriet, d. of Alexander Baring, Esq., April 
19, 1830; 

d. June 24, 1837. 



l &3 7- John Alexander Thynne, son of Henry Frederick : Marquis of 

Bath, Viscount Weymouth, Baron Thynne of 
Warminster, & a Baronet. 

B. March 1, 1831 ; 

st. Viscount Weymouth, March-June, 1837; 

succ. as 4th Marquis of Bath, June 24, 1837 ; 

educ. Eton, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Captain, Royal Wiltshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 
March 15, 1850 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Somerset, May 3, 1853 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary, (with the Garter,) to Pedro V., 
King of Portugal, May, 185S ; 

Knight Grand Cross of the Tower & Sword, 
of Portugal, 1858; 

Captain, Warminster co. of Wilts Rifle Volun- 
teers, March 5, i860 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Wilts, Dec. 21, i860 ; 

Captain Commandant, Warminster co. of Wilts 
Rifle Volunteers, Oct. 29, 186 1 ; 

Hon. Colonel, 1st Wilts Batt. of Rifle Volun- 
teers, April 20, 1866 ; 



Marquises. 



n8 



BATH. 



Ambassador Extraordinary, (with the Garter,) 

to Francis Joseph I., Emperor of Austria, 

July, 1867; 
Knight Grand Cross of Leopold, of Austria, 

July, 1867 ; 
a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery, 

May 4, 1874; 
Major, Royal Wiltshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

March 31, 1875 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, do., April 13, 1876; 
Hon. Colonel of Yeomanry, July 1, 1881 ; 
a Trustee of the British Museum, Nov. 8, 1 883 ; 
Member of the Academy of Belgrade, March, 

1884; 

m. Hon. Frances Isabella Catherine, eldest d. of 
Thomas, 3rd Viscount de Vesci, Aug. 20, 
1861. 



Arms- Quarterly, I. &IV., Barry of ioor&sable, (Thynne) ; II. & III., Argent, 
a lion rampant, tail nowed & erected gules, (BOUTEVILLE). 

Crest — A reindeer statant or, collared sable. 

Supporters — Dexter, a reindeer or, collared sable. Sinister, a lion, tail nowed 

& erected gules. 
Mctto— J'ay bonne cause. 



Marquis. 



BATHURST. 



119 



1711 



BATHURST. 

BATHURST, 

Allen Bathurst, eldest son of Sir Benjamin Bathurst, Knt. : Ear! 

Bathurst, & Baron Bathurst of Battlesden. 

B. 1684 ; 

st. Allen Bathurst, Esq., 1702-1711 ; 
M.P., Cirencester, 1705 ; 1708; & 1710-1711 ; 
cr. Baron Bathurst of Battlesden, Dec. 3T, 

1711 ; 
Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 

July 13, 1742-Dec. 24, 1744 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 13, 1742 ; 
Treasurer to George, Prince of Wales, Oct. 1 9, 

1757-Oct. 25, 1760; 
cr. Earl Bathurst, Aug. 27, 1772 ; 

;//. Catherine, d. 6° //. of Sir Peter Apsley, 1704 ; 
(d. June 9, 1768) ; 

d. Sept. 14, 1775. 



After an enamel. 




1744. — ' Fair white wigged old 
gallants .... Lord Ba- 
thurst,' &c- Horace Wal- 
POLE, Letters, I. p. 121. 




1775. Henry Bathurst I., 2nd son of Allen : Earl Bathurst, Baron 

Bathurst of Battlesden, & Apsley of Apsley. 

B. May 20, 17 14 ; 

st. Hon. Henry Bathurst, 1714-1771 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 



Earls. 



Appmt. 
Lk. 95. 



120 



BATHURST. 




After W. H. Brown. 



B. A. of Oxford, 1733; 

Barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1736 ; 

M. P., Cirencester, 1735 ; 1741 ; & 1 747-1 754; 

King's Counsel, Jan. 20, 1746; 

Solicitor-General to the Prince of Wales, 

Jan, 1746 ; 
Attorney-General to the Prince of Wales, 

[>749]; 
Attorney-General to the Princess Dowager 

of Wales, 1 751-1754; 

Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, May 2, 

1754; 
Second Commissioner of the Great Seal, 

Jan. 21, 1770 ; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 21, 1771 ; 
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, Jan. 23, 

1771-June 3, 1778 : 
cr. Baron Apsley of Apsley, Jan. 23, 1771 ; 
Lord High Steward of Great Britain, (for trial of 

Elizabeth, Duchess of Kingston), Feb. 10, 

1776; 
succ. as 2nd Earl Bathurst, Sept. 14, 1775 ; 
Lord President of the Council, Nov. 24, 1 779— 

March 2, 1782 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Jan. 30, 1772 ; 
Recorder of Falmouth, Aug. to, 1782; 

m. (1) Anne {James), widow of Charles Philips, 

Esq., Sept. 19, 1754 ; 

m. (2) TrypJiena, d. of Thomas Scaivcn, Esq., 

June 14, 1759 ; 

d. Aug. 6, 1794. 



f2> 




'<#£• 




Eakls. 



BATHURST. 



121 



1794- 



Henry Bathurst 




Alter T. Phillips. 



II., son of Henry I. (2) : Earl Bathurst, Baron 
Bathurst of Battlesden, & Apsley of Apsley. 

B. May 22, 1762 ; 

st. Lord Apsley, i 775-1 794 ; 

M.P., Cirencester, 1783 ; 1784; & 1790-1794; 

a Lord of the Admiralty, Dec. 30, 17S3- 
Jan. 12, 1790 ; 

One of the Tellers of the Exchequer, May 16, 
1790; 

Privy Councillor, June 21, 1793 ; 

a Commissioner for the Affairs of India, 
June 28, 1793-June, 1S02 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl Bathurst, Aug. 6, 1794; 

Joint Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, Jan., 1804; 

Master of the Mint, July 7, 1804-Feb., 1806; 

President of the Board of Trade, March 26,1807; 

Secretary of State for the Foreign Department, 
Oct. n-Dec. 6, 1809 ; 

Secretary of State for the Colonial & War De- 
partment, June 11, 1812-April 12, 1827 • 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 16, 1814; 

Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, Jan. 24, 1816 ; 

K.G., July 24, 181 7 ; 

an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 1823 ; 

Lord President of the Council, Jan. 26, 1828- 
Nov. 22, 1830; 

F.S.A.; 

m. Georgiana, yd d. of Lord George Henry 
Lennox, April r, 1789 ; 

d. July 27, 1834. 



Earls. 




VOL. I. 



R 



122 



BATHURST. 



1834. Henry George Bathurst, son of Henry II. : Earl Bathurst, 

Baron Bathurst of Battlesden, & Apsley of 
Apsley. 

B. Feb. 24, 1790 ; 

st. Lord Apsley, i 794-1834 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Captain Commandant, Cirencester Troop of 

Yeomanry, Sept. 12, 18 10 ; 
B.A. of Oxford, June 28, 181 1 ; 
M. P., Cirencester, 1812 ; i8i8;i82o; 1826; 

1830; 1831 ; & 1832-1834; 
a Commissioner for the Affairs of India, Sept. 1, 

1812-June, 1818 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Gloucester, Feb. 25,1813; 
Lieut-Colonel Commandant, Cotswold Regt. of 

Local Militia, April 10, 18 13 ; 
M.A. of Oxford, June 30, 1814 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 14, 1820; 
succ. as 4th Earl Bathurst, July 27, 1834 ; 

d. May 25, 1866. 



Earls. 



1866. William Lennox Bathurst, brother of Henry George : Earl 

Bathurst, Baron Bathurst of Battlesden, & 
Apsley of Apsley. 

B. Feb. 14, 1791 ; 

st. Hon. William Lennox Bathurst, 1794- 

1866; 
educ. All Souls Coll., Oxford ; 
B.A. of Oxford, May 27, 1812 ; 
M.P., Weobley, 181 2- 18 16; 
a Deputy Teller of the Exchequer, Jan. 26, 

1816 ; 
M.A. of Oxford, June 4, 1S17 ; 
Barrister, of Lincoln's Inn, 182 1 ; 
Joint Clerk in Ordinary of the Privy Council, 

Dec. 15, 1830-June 9, i860 ; 
Joint Secretary to the Board of Trade, 1S30- 

1847 ; 
succ. as 5th Earl Bathurst, May 25, 1S66 ; 



BATHURST. 



123 



cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 21, 1870; 

d. Feb. 24, 1878. 

1878. Allen Alexander Bathurst, nephew of William Lennox : Earl 

Bathurst, Baron Bathurst of Battlesden, & 
Apsley of Apsley. 

B. Oct. 19, 1832 ; 

st. Allen Alexander Bathurst. Esq., 1S50- 

1878; 
educ. Eton, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 
M.A. of Cambridge, 1853 ; 
Lieutenant, Royal South Gloucester Regt. of 

Militia, May 4, 1853 ; 
Captain, Royal North Gloucester Regt. of 

Militia, Nov. 10, 1853 ; 
M.P. Cirencester, 1857, 1859, 1865, 1868, & 

1874-187S ; 
Captain, Cirencester Corps, 1st Batt. of Glou- 
cestershire Rifle Volunteers, Feb. 13, 

i860; 
Major, Royal North Gloucester Regt. of Militia, 

March 22, 1870 ; 
succ. as 6th Earl Bathurst, Feb. 24, 1878 ; 

m. (1) Hon. Meriel Leicester-Warren, 2nd d. of 
George, 2nd Lord de Tabley, Jan. 30, 
1862 ; (d. July 6, 1872) ; 

m. (2) Evelyn Elizabeth, d. of George James 
Barnard Hankey, Esq., June 6, 1874. 



Eari.s. 



Arms — Sable, 2 bars ermine, & in the chief 3 crosses patee or. 

Crest — A dexter arm embowed, armed in chain mail, the hand proper, grasping a 
spiked club or. 

Supporters — Two stags argent, each gorged with a collar gemelle ermines. 

Motto— Tien ta foy. 



r 2 



124 



BA YNING. 



1628. Paul Bayning I., 



BAYNING. 

BA YNING. 

son of Paul Bayning, Alderman of London : 
Viscount Bayning of Sudbury, Baron Bayning 
of Horkesley, & a Baronet. 

B. before 1580 ; 
cr. a Baronet, May 22, 161 1 ; 
Knight, (by King James I.), July 19, 1614 ; 
High Sheriff, co. Essex, 16 18 ; 
cr. Baron Bayning of Horkesley, Feb. 27, 1628 ; 
cr. Viscount Bayning of Sudbury, March 8, 
1628 ; 

m. Anne, d. of Sir Henry Glenham, Knt. ■ 

d. July 29, 1629. 



son of Paul I. : Viscount Bayning of Sudbury, 
Baron Bayning of Horkesley, & a Baronet. 

B. 1616 ; 

succ. as 2nd Viscount Bayning, July 29, 1629 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.C.L. of Oxford, April, 1633 ; 

m. Penelope, d. of Sir Robert Nannton, Knt. ; 

d. June 11, 1638. 



Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Or, 2 bars sable, each charged with 2 escallops of the 
field, (Bayning); 2, Or, a raven sable on a torteaux, (Raven); 3, Azure, 
a cheveron ermine, between 2 cottises & 3 martlets or, (Norden). 

Crest— Out of a wreath, an ostrich argent standing on a mount vert, gorged with 
a ducal collar, & holding in his bill a key or. 

Supporters— Two lynxes argent, spotted sable, ducally collared, & chained or. 

Motto— Qua vocatur. 



Viscounts. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 



1629. Paul Bayning II. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



BA YNING. 



125 



BA YNING. 

1674. Anne Bayning, 2nd d. of Paul I. : Viscountess Bayning of Foxley. 

B. after 1628; 

cr. Viscountess Bayning of Foxley, (for life), 
March 17, 1674 ; 

m. Henry Murray, Esq., Groom of the Bed- 
chamber to King Charles I. ; 

d. 169S. 

Arms & Supporters— as above. 



Vis- 
countess. 



+ 



+ 



126 



BE A CONSFIELD. 



BEACONSFIELD. 

DISRAELI. 

1868. Mary Anne Disraeli, d. of Captain John Viney Evans, R.N. : Vis- 
countess Beaconsfield of Beaconsfield. 

B. Nov. 11, 1798; 

cr. Viscountess Beaconsfield of Beaconsfield, 
Nov. 30, 1868; 

m. (1) Wyndham Lewis, Esq., ALP., 1S16 ; 
m. (2) Benjamin Disraeli, Esq., ALE., Aug. 28, 

1839; 

d. Dec. 15, 1872. 

Arms — Argent, a slip of vine fructed & leaved proper, between 2 flanches sable, 
each charged with a boar's head of the first. 

Supporters — Dexter, an eagle or, gorged with a plain collar gules, & pendent 
therefrom an escutcheon of the same, charged with a tower argent. Sinister, 
a lion or, with collar & escutcheon as before. 



Vis- 
countess, 
Earl. 



+ 



+ 



DISRAELI. 

1876. Benjamin Disraeli, son of Isaac D'Israeli, Esq. : Earl of Beacons- 
field, & Viscount Hughenden of Hughenden. 

B. Dec. 21, 1804 ; . 

st. Benjamin Disraeli. Esq., 1837-1S52 ; 

M.P., Maidstone, 1837-1841 ; 

M.P., Shrewsbury, 1 841-1847 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Buckingham, July 21, 

1845 ; 

M.P., co. Buckingham, 1847 > I §5 2 j 1857 ; 
1859; 1865; 1S68; & 1874-1876; 



BE A CONS FIELD. 



127 



Chancellor & Under Treasurer of the Exche- 
quer, Feb. 27-Dec. 28, 1852 ; 

Privy Councillor, Feb. 27, 1S52 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 7, 1853 ; 

a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery, 
Dec. 2, 1856 ; 

Chancellor & Under Treasurer of the Exche- 
quer, Feb. 26, 1858-June 18, 1859; 

a Trustee of the British Museum, March 25, 
1863 ; 

a Governor of Wellington College ; 

Chancellor & Under Treasurer of the Exche- 
quer, July 6, 1866 ; 

an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, Dec. 29, 
1866; 

cr. LL.D. of Edinburgh, Oct. 30, 1867 ; 

First Lord of the Treasury, March 3-Dec. 9, 
186S; 

Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow, Nov. 

15, l8 7i; 
First Lord of the Treasury, Feb. 21, 1874- 

April 28, 1880; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Aug. 12, 1876- 

Feb. 4, 1878; 
cr. Viscount Hughenden of Hughenden, & Earl 

of Beaconsfield, Aug. 21, 1876; 
Joint Ambassador & Plenipotentiary to the 

Congress of Berlin, June 6-July 16, 1878 ; 
K.G., July 22, 1S78; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Feb. 12, 1879; 

m. Mary Anne, widow of Wyndham Lewis, Esq., 
of Pantgwynlais Castie, Aug. 28, 1839; 
(d. Dec. 15, 1872); 

d. April 19, 188 r. 



Earl. 



Arms p er sa ltire ardent & gules, 2 lions rampant sable, between a tower, in chief, 

& an eagle displayed, in base, both of the first. 
Crest— A tower triple towered argent, surrounded at base by an oak -wreath proper. 
Supporters— Dexter, an eagle or, gorged with a plain collar gules, & pendent 

therefrom an escutcheon of the same, charged with a tower argent. Sinister, 

a lion or, with collar & escutcheon as before. 
Motto— Forti nihil difficile. 



128 



BEAUCHAMP. 



BEAUCHAMP. 

L YGON. 

1S15 William Lygon, son of Reginald Lygon, Esq. : Earl Beauchamp, 

Viscount Elmley, & Baron Beauchamp of 
Powyke. 

B. July 25, 1747; 

st. William Lygon, Esq., 1 765-1806 ; 

M.P., co. Worcester, 1775; 17S0; 1784; 

1790 ; 1796 ; & 1802-1806 ; 
cr. Baron Beauchamp of Powyke, Feb. 26, 

1806 ; 
cr. Viscount Elmley, & Earl Beauchamp, Dec. 1, 

1815; 

m. Catherine, d. of James Dean, Esq. ; 

d. Oct. 21, 1816. 



1816. William Beauchamp Lygon, son of -William: Earl Beauchamp, 

Viscount Elmley, & Baron Beauchamp of 
Powyke. 

B. 1782; 

st. William Beauchamp Lygon, Esq., 1800- 

1806; 
educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, Dec. 14, 1803; 
B.A. of Oxford, Nov. 7, 1804 ; 
st. Hon. William Beauchamp Lygon, 1806- 

1815; 
M.P., co. Worcester, 1806; 1806; 1807; & 

1812-1816 ; 
M.A. of Oxford, Feb. n, 1808; 
a Commissioner for the Issue of Exchequer Bills 

in London, [18 15] ; 
st. Viscount Elmley, 1815-1816 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl Beauchamp, Oct. 21, 1816 ; 

d. May 12, 1823. 





BEA U CHAMP. 


I 29 


1823- John Reginald Beauchamp Pindar, brother of William Beauchamp: 


Earls. 




Earl Beauchamp, Viscount Elmley, & Baron 






Beauchamp of Powyke. 






B. 1783; 






educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 






B.A. of Oxford, Feb. 25, 1806 ; 






st. Hon. John Reginald Beauchamp Lygon, 






1S06-1813 ; 






M.A. of Oxford, Dec. 1, 1S08 ; 






took the name of Pindar only, Oct. 22, 1813 ; 






st. Hon. John Reginald Beauchamp Pindar, 






1813-1823 ; 






succ. as 3rd Earl Beauchamp, May 12, 1823 ; 






Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, Feb. 1, 1832; 






;//. Lady Charlotte Scott, only d. of John, 1st 






Earl of Clonmcll, March 14, 18 14; 






d. Jan. 22, 1853. 




1853. Henry Beauchamp 


Lygon, brother of John Reginald : Earl Beau- 
champ, "Viscount Elmley, & Baron Beauchamp 
of Powyke. 

B. 1784; 




' ~'\ ,: kF^*^ 


st. Hon. Henry Beauchamp Lygon, 1806- 






1853; 




i 
1 


&4 (^^'V'^^l 


Cornet, 13th Regt. of Light Dragoons, July 12, 
1803; 




\T& 1^ 


Lieutenant, do., May 24, 1804; 




M^ilR 


Captain, 16th Regt. of Light Dragoons, Feb. 12, 




a j^'y^.mtk 


1S07; 




riT^rL 


Major, do., May 7, 181 2 ; 






Major & Lieut. -Colonel, 1st Regt. of Life 
Guards, June 18, 18 15 ; 




M.P., co. Worcester, 1817 ; 1818 ; 1820; 1826 ; 




1 / 


& 1 830- 1 83 1 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 1st Re?t. of Life Guards. 




After Sir G. Hayter. 


O 

July 17, 1821-Jan. 10, 1S37 ; 
Colonel in the Army, March 24, i8?2 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, Feb. 1, 1832; 
M.P., West Worcestershire, 1832 ; 1835 ; 1S37; 

1S41 ; 1S47 ; & 1S52-1853 ; 




VOL. I. 


s 





130 



BEA UCHAMP. 



Major-General, Jan. 10, 1837; 

Colonel, 10th (' Prince of Wales's Own ') Regt. of 
Hussars, June 23, 1843 ; 

Lieutenant-General, Nov. 9, 1846; 

received the Silver War-Medal with one clasp, 
1849; 

succ. as 4th Earl Beauchamp, Jan. 22, 1853, 

General in the Army, June 20, 1854 ; 

Member of the Court of Inquiry into the Ad- 
ministration of the British Army in the 
Crimea, Feb. 25, 1856; 

Colonel, 2nd Regt. of Life Guards, & Gold 
Stick, April 18, 1863; 

m. Lady Susan Eliot, 2nd d. of William, Earl, 
of St. Germans, July 8, 1824; 

d. Sept. 8, 1863. 




jf 



1 863. Henry Lygon, son of Henry Beauchamp : Earl Beauchamp, Vis- 
count Elmley, & Baron Beauchamp of Powyke. 

B. Feb. 13, 1829 ; 

st. Henry Lygon, Esq., 1 847-1 853 ; 

Cornet, 1st Regt. of Life Guards, May 5, 1848 ; 

Lieutenant, do., Dec. 13, 1850; 

st. Viscount Elmley, 1 853-1 863 ; 

M.P., West Worcestershire, 1853; i857;& 1S59- 

1863 ; 
Captain, 1st Regt. of Life Guards, Dec. 1, 1854 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, June 24, 

1859; 
succ. as 5th Earl Beauchamp, Sept. 8, 1863 ; 

d. March 4, 1S66. 



Earls. 



BE A UCHAMP. 



131 



1866. Frederick Lygon, brother of Henry : Earl Beauchamp, Viscount 

Elmley, & Baron Beauchamp of Powyke. 

B. Nov. 10, 1830 ; 

educ. Eton, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Fellow of All Souls College, 1S52 ; 

st. Hon. Frederick Lygon, 1S53-1866; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, Jan. 24, 1854; 

Captain, Worcestershire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

July 7, iS54-Aug., 1S59; 
M. P., Tewkesbury, 1857; & 1859-1865 ; 
a Lord of the Admiralty, March 9-June, 1859 ; 
M.P., West Worcestershire, 1865-1866 ; 
succ. as 6th Earl Beauchamp, March 4, 1866 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 22, 1870 ; 



Feb. 



21, 



1S74- 



Lcrd Steward of the Household, 
April 28, 18 So; 

Privy Councillor, March 2, 1874 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Wor- 
cester, May 13, 1S76 • 

a Councillor of Keble College, Oxford ; 

F.S.A. : 



m. 



in. 



(1) Lady Mary Catherine, d. of Philip 
Henry, ^th Earl Stanhope, Feb. 18, 

1868 ; (d. June 30, 1876); 

(2) Lady Emily Annora Charlotte Pierre- 
pont, eldest d. of Charles, yd Earl Manvers, 
Sept. 24, 187S. 



Arms— Gules, a cheveron erminois between 3 lions' heads erased ermine, ducally 
crowned or. 

Crest — A lion's head erminois, ducally crowned argent, gorged with a collar gemel 
sable. 

Supporters — Dexter, a bear proper, plain collared & chained or; from the collar 
pendent a shield of the arms of BEAUCHAMP of Powyke, viz. gules, a fess 
between 6 martlets or. Sinister, a swan argent, wings inverted gules, gorged 
with a ducal coronet of the second, therefrom a line reilexed over the back 
azure, & pendent from the coronet a shield charged as the dexter. 

Motto -Ex fide fortis. 



s 2 



Earl. 



J 3 2 



BEA UFORT. 



BEAUFORT. 

SOMERSET. 

1682. Henry Somerset III., son of Edward, 2nd Marquis of Worcester: 

Duke of Beaufort, Marquis & Earl of Wor- 
cester, Earl of Glamorgan, Viscount Grosmont, 
Baron Herbert of Raglan, Chepstow, & Gower, 
& Baron Beaufort of Chaldecote. 




B. 



1630 ; 



After Sir P. Lely. 



st. Lord Herbert of Raglan, 1642-1667 ; 
M.P., co. Monmouth, 1660 ; & 1 661-1667 5 
One of the twelve Commoners deputed to invite 

the return of King Charles II., May 7, 1660; 
Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, & Warden of 

the Forest of Dean, Jnne iS, 1660 • 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Gloucester, Hereford, & 

Monmouth, July 30, 1660-Dec. 23, 1688 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, 1660 ; 
Captain of Chepstow Castle, 1660 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Monmouth, 1661 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Monmouth, Gloucester, 

Hereford, & Wilts, 1661; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, 1661; 
High Steward of Gloucester, Jan. 14, 1661- 

1690 ; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 28, 1663 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Glamorgan ; 
succ. as 3rd Marquis of Worcester, April 3, 

1667; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Hereford, [1672]; 
Joint High Steward of the Honour of Peverel, 

Jan. 23, 1672 ; 
Lord President of the Council of Wales, & the 

Marches, April, 1672-Dec. 23, 1688; 
Privy Councillor, April 17, 1672 ; 
K.G., May 29, 1672 ; 



Dukes. 



Journals, 
viii. 15. 

Pat. p. 36, 
m. 22. 

Pat. 



Pat. 31 d. 



Dom. xxxiii. 
107. 



Dom. xxvi. 



Pat. 



BEAUFORT. 



133 



Lord Lieutenant of North & South Wales, &: the 

Marches, July 22, 1672-Dec. 23, 1688; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Somerset, [1672] j 
Privy Councillor, x'ipril 22, 1679; 
High Steward of Hereford, April 13, 1682 ; 
cr. Duke of Beaufort, Dec. 2, 1682 ; 
Bearer of the Queen's Crown, Coron. of King 

James II., April 23, 1685 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James 

II., May 16, T6S5-1688 ; 
Colonel, (nth) Regt. of Foot, June 20-Oct. 26, 

1685; 
Lord Lieutenant, Isle of Purbeck, 1 687-1 688 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 29, 1684; 

m. Alary, dowager- Viscountess Bcauchamp, eldest 
d. of Arthur, \st Lord Capel of Hadham, 
Aug. 17, 1657; 

d. Jan. 21, 1700. 




1700. 



Henry Somerset IV., grandson of Henry III. : Duke of Beaufort, 

Marquis & Earl of Worcester, Earl of Glam- 
organ, Viscount Grosmont, Baron Herbert of 
Raglan, Chepstow, & Gower, «Sc Baron Beaufort 
of Chaldecote. 

B. April 2, 1684 ; 

st. Earl of Glamorgan, 1684-1698 ; 
st. Marquis of Worcester, 1 698-1 700 ; 
educ. St. John's Coll., Oxford ; 



Dukes. 
Pat. p. 4. 



Warr. Bk. 
20. 



Sandford. 



Establ. Bk. 
182 a. 



134 



BE A UFORT. 




After M. Dahl. 



' He was of a comely person- 
age, of extraordinary good 
nature.' — T. Hearne, Di- 
ary, p. 305. 



1707; 
Rotulorum, co. 



succ. as 2nd Duke of Beaufort, Jan. 21, 1700 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, April 26, 1706; 
Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, & Warden of 

the Forest of Dean ; 
High Steward of Gloucester ; 
High Steward of Hereford ; 
High Steward of Malmesbury, 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos 

Hants, Sept. n, 1710 ; 
Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, & the 

Park of Lyndhurst, Sept. 11, 17 10 ; 
Bailiff of Eurley, in the New Forest, Sept. 1 1, 1710; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 13, 17 10 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Gloucester, March 6, 1 7 1 1 ; 
Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 

Jan. 13, 1712; 
K.G., Oct. 25, 1 712 ; 
High Steward of Tewkesbury ; 
High Steward of Andover ; 

jii. (1) Lady Mary Sackville, d. of Charles, 6th 

Earl of Dorset, 1702; 
m. (2) Lady Rachel Noel, 2nd d. of Wriothesley 

Baptist, Earl of Gainsborough, Feb. 26, 

1706 ; 
///. (3) Lady Mary Osborne, d. of Peregrine, 2nd 

D nke of Leeds, Sept. 14, 1711 ; 

d. May 24, 17 14. 




Duke. 



Pr. Seal. 

Do. 
Do. 

Pat. 3. 
Appmt- Bk. 



BE A UFORT. 



*35 



1714. 



Henry Somerset-Scudamore, son of Henry IV. (2): Duke of Beau- 
fort, Marquis & Earl of Worcester, Earl of 
Glamorgan, Viscount Grosmont, Baron Herbert 
of Raglan. Chepstow, & Gower, & Baron Beau- 
fort of Chaldecote. 

B. March 26, 1708 ; 

educ. University Coll., Oxford ; 

st. Marquis of Worcester, 1708-17 14 ; 

succ. as 3rd Duke of Beaufort, May 24, 1 7 14 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, April 22, 1725 ; 

High Steward of Hereford, June 16, 1729 ; 

took the name of Scudamore, 1730 ; 

in. Frances, only child c> //. of James, Viscount 
Scudamore of Sligo, June 28, 1729; 
(divorced, 1744); 

d. Eeb. 24, 1745. 



Dikes. 



1745- 



Charles Noel Somerset, brother of Henry V. : Duke of Beau- 
fort, Marquis & Earl of Worcester, Earl of 
Glamorgan, Viscount Grosmont, Baron Herbert 
of Raglan, Chepstow, &: Gower, & Baron Beau- 
fort of Chaldecote. 

B. Sept. 12, 1709 ; 

st. Lord Charles Noel Somerset, i 709-1 745 ; 

educ. Oriel Coll., Oxford ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Oct. 16, 1727 ; 

M.P., co. Monmouth, 1 731-1734 ; 

M.P., Monmouth, 1734 ; & 1 741-1745 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 12, 1736 ; 

a Governor of the Foundling Hospital, Dec. 24, 

1739 ; 

succ. as 4th Duke of Beaufort, Feb. 24, 1745 ; 
a Governor of Christ's Hospital, March, 1745 ; 
High Steward of Hereford ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of John Symes Berkeley, Esq., 
(sister 6- // of Norborne, Baron Botetourt), 

May t, 1740; 

d. Oct. 28, 1756. 



136 



BEAUFORT. 



1756. Henry Somerset 



VI., son of Charles-Noel: Duke of Beaufort, 
Marquis & Earl of Worcester, Earl of Glamor- 
gan, Viscount Grosmont, Baron Botetourt, Her- 
bert of Raglan, Chepstow, & Gower, & Baron 
Beaufort of Chaklecote. 

B. Oct. 16, 1744 ; 

st. Marquis of Worcester, 1745-1 756 ; 

educ. Oriel Coll., Oxford ; 

succ. as 5th Duke of Beaufort, Oct. 28, 1756 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 6, 1763 ; 

Master of the Horse to the Queen, (Charlotte), 
Jan. 20, 1768-Jan. 17, 1770 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Mon- 
mouth, (svvn. ) Nov. 29. 1 77 1 ; 

Colonel, Monmouthshire Regt. of Militia ; 

K.G., June 2, 1786 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Brecknock, June 8, 1787 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Leicester, Dec. 14, 1787-July, 1799 > 

Recorder of Cambridge, April 8, 1788-1799 ; 

Colonel, Monmouth & Brecknockshire Regt. 
of Militia, April 5, 1793 ; 

Colonel in the Army, (during service), March 14, 

1794 ; 
Recorder of Scarborough ; 

confirmed Baron de Botetourt, (jure main's), 

June 4, 1803 ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Adm. Hon. Edward ' Boscaiuen, 

April 2, 1776 ; 

d. Oct. n, 1803. 



Duke. 




BE A UFORT. 



i37 




1803. Henry Charles Somerset, son of Henry VI. : Duke of Beaufort, 

Marquis & Earl of Worcester, Earl of Glamor- 
gan, Viscount Grosmont, Baron de Botetourt, 
Baron Herbert of Raglan, Chepstow, & Gower, 
& Baron Beaufort of Chaldecote. 

B. Dec. 22, 1766 ; 

st. Marquis of Worcester, 1766-1S03; 

educ. Trinity Coll , Oxford 5 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, June 28, 1786 ; 

M.P., Monmouth, 1788-1790; 

M.P., Bristol, 1790-1796 ; 

Major Commandant, & Captain, Brecknock 

Batt. of Militia, Jan. 31, 1793 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Brecknock, Jan. 31,1793; 
Major, Monmouthshire Regt. of Militia, April 5, 

J793; 
M.P., co. Gloucester, 1796; & 1 802-1 803; 

After t. Phillips. succ. as 6th Duke of Beaufort, Oct. n, 1803 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, cos. 
Monmouth, & Brecknock, Oct. 26, 1803; 

K.G., Jan. 7, 1S05 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Glou- 
cester, & City of Bristol, Aug. 22, 1810 ; 

Vice Admiral, co. Gloucester, 1810 ; 

Colonel, Monmouthshire Regt. of Militia ; 

Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, & Warden of 
the Forest of Dean, May 2, 1812 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford ; 

Bearer of the Queen's Crown, Coron. of King 
William IV., Sept. 8, 1831 ; 

m. Lady Charlotte Sophia Leveson- Gower, $th d. 
of Granville, \st Marquis of Stafford, 1791 ; 

d. Nov. 23, 1835. 



Duke. 




^<^^T 




VOL. I. 



133 



BE A UFORT. 



1835- 



Henry Somerset VII., son of Henry Charles : Duke of Beaufort, 

Marquis & Earl of Worcester, Earl of Glamor- 
gan, Viscount Grosmont, Baron de Botetourt, 
Baron Herbert of Raglan, Chepstow, & Gower, 
& Baron Beaufort of Chaldecote. 

B. Feb. 5, 1792 ; 

st. Marquis of Worcester, 1 803-1 835 ; 

Cornet, 10th (' Prince of Wales's Own,') Regt. 

of Hussars, June 18, 1811 ; 
Lieutenant, 14th ('Duchess of York's Own') 

Regt. of Light Dragoons, Aug. 21, 181 1 ; 
Lieutenant, 10th ('Prince of Wales's Own') 

Regt. of Hussars, Sept. 6, 181 1; 
Aide-de-Camp to the Earl of Wellington, 

(Portugal & Spain), 1812-1814 ; 
M.P., Monmouth, 1813 ; 1818 ; 1820 ; 1826; 

& 1 830-1 83 1 ; 
Lieutenant, 7th (' Queen's Own,') Regt. of 

Hussars, Oct. 26, 18 15 ; 
a Lord of the Admiralty, May 24, 1816- 

March 15, 18 19 ; 
Captain, 37th ('North Hants') Regt. of Foot, 

Dec. 2, 1819 ; 
Major in the Army, Dec. 30, 181 9 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant, Gloucester- 
shire (Hussar) Regt. of Yeomanry, April 21, 

1834; 
M.P., West Gloucestershire, 1835 ; 
succ. as 7th Duke of Beaufort, Nov. 23, 

1835; 
High Steward of Bristol, 1836 ; 

K.G., April 11, 1842 ; 

received the Silver War-Medal with 4 clasps, 

1849; 

m. (1) Georgia na Frederica, 2nd d. of Hon. Henry 
Fitz-Roy, July 25, 1814; (d. May 11, 
1821)3 

m. (2) Emily Frances, d. of Charles Culling- 
Smith, Esq., June 29, 1822 ; 

d. Nov. 17, 1853. 



'It was impossible to have 
the slightest communication 
with his Grace without being 
struck with his inherent 
courtliness, which was en- 
hanced by a fine port, a 
commanding figure, & a 
countenance whose features 
were cast in a truly noble 
mould. ' — Gentleman s Ma- 
gazine, N.S., XLI., p. 81. 



Duke. 



BEAUFORT. 



139 



1853. Henry Somerset VIII., son of Henry VII. (2) : Duke of Beaufort, 

Marquis & Earl of Worcester, Earl of Glamor- 
gan, Viscount Grosmont, Baron de Botetourt, 
Herbert of Raglan, Chepstow, & Govver, Baron 
Beaufort of Chaldecote. 

B. Feb. 1, 1824; 

st. Earl of Glamorgan, 1824-1835 ; 

st. Marquis of Worcester, 1835-1853 ; 

Cornet & Sub- Lieutenant, 1st Regt. of Life 

Guards, Aug. 17, 1841 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to Arthur, Duke of Wellington, 

1842-1852; 
Lieutenant, 1st Regt. of Life Guards, July 7, 

1843 ; 

M.P., East Gloucestershire, 1846 ; 1847 ; & 
1852-1853 ; 

Captain, 7th (' Queen's Own ') Regt. of Hussars, 
Aug. 13, 1847 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Gloucester. Junei5,i852; 

Aide-de-Camp to Henry, Viscount Hardinge, 
1852-1856- 

succ. as 8th Duke of Beaufort, Nov. i 7, 1853 ; 

Major in the Army, April 21, 1854 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant, Royal Glou- 
cestershire (Hussar) Regt. of Yeomanry, 
May 2, 1854 ; 

Master of the Horse, Feb. 26, 1858-June 18, 

i859; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 26, 1858 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, Oct. 26, 
1858-1861 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Monmouth, Sept. 16, 
1863; 

Master of the Horse, July 10, 1866-Dec. 9, 
1S68 ; 

K.G., March 19, 1867 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Mon- 
mouth, (swn.) May 17, 1867 ; 



t 2 



Duke. 



140 



BEAUFORT. 



Hon. Colonel, Royal Gloucestershire (Hussar) 
Regt. of Yeomanry, April 29, 1874 ; 

;;/. Lady Georgiana Charlotte Curzon, eldest d. 
of Richard William Perm, 1st Earl Howe, 
July 3, 1845. 



Duke. 



Arms — France & England quarterly, within a border compony argent & azure. 

Crest — A portcullis or, nailed azure, chains gold. 

Supporters— Dexter, a panther argent, flames issuing from his mouth & ears proper, 
plain collared & chained or, & semee of torteaux, hurts & pomeis alternately. 
Sinister, a wyvern vert, in the mouth a sinister hand couped at the wrist gules. 

Motto — Mutare vel timere sperno. 



BEAULIEU. 



141 



BEAULIEU. 

HUSSEY. 

1762. Edward Hussey-Montagu, son of James Hussey, Esq. : Earl of 

Beaulieu, & Baron Beaulieu of Beaulieu. 

B. 1720 ; 

st. Edward Hussey, Esq., 1 738-1 749 ; 

took the name & arms of Montagu, 1749 ; 

K.B., Dec. 27, 1753 ; 

M.P., Tiverton, 1758 ; & 1761-1762 ; 

cr. Baron Beaulieu of Beaulieu, May 11, 1762; 

cr. Earl of Beaulieu, July 8, 1784 ; 

High Steward of Windsor, May 13, 1786 ; 

m. Isabella {Montagu), dowager- Duchess of Man- 
chester, (eldest d. of John, 2nd Duke of 
Montagu), 1743 ; (d. Dec. 20, 1786 ;) 

d. Nov. 25, 1S02. 




Arms — Quarterly, 1. & iv., Montagu & Monthermer quarterly, 1 & 4, Argent, 
3 fusils in fess gules, a bordure sable ; 2 & 3, Or, an eagle displayed vert, 
beaked & membered of the second ; 11. & in., Ermine, 3 bars gules, on a 
canton argent a cross of St. George, (Hussey). 

Crest — On a wreath, a griffin's head couped or, beaked & winged sable. 

Supporters —Two stags proper, each collared with a ducal coronet, & chain re- 
flexed over the back or. 

Motto— Spectemur agendo. 



+ 



+ 



Earl. 



BEAUMONT. 

BE A UMONT. 

1309. Henry de Beaumont, cousin of King Edward II. : Baron Beau- 
mont, & Lord of Man ; Earl of Buchan, in 
Scotland. 

B. (about) 1283 ; 

Knight- Banneret ; 

Joint Warden of Scotland South of Forth, 

Aug. 16, 1308; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Beaumont, March 4, 

1309; 
Joint Warden of the Marches towards Scotland, 

Oct. 28, 1309 ; 

Keeper of Jedworth Castle, [Dec. 15, 1309] j 

Constable of Roxburgh Castle, Feb. 12, 1310; 

cr. Lord of the Isle of Man, March 16, 13 10- 
Oct. 20, 13 1 2 ; 

Warden of the Castle & County of Roxburgh, 
March 21, 1310 ; 

Constable of Somerton Castle, March 22, 131 1; 

Constable of Dumfries Castle, [Oct. n, 1311]; 

Joint Guardian of the Peace in co. Northumber- 
land, Jan. 30, 131 2 ; 

Warden of Newcastle-on-Tyne, Jan. 30, 1312 ; 

Joint Ambassador to the Pope, (Clement V.), 
Aug. 6, 1312 ; 

Joint Ambassador to France, Aug. 6, 131 2 ; 

Joint Ambassador to France, March 5, 13 13 ; 

Joint Ambassador to France, Feb. 26, 13 14 ; 

Joint Royal Commissioner to hold a Parliament, 
Sept. 7, 1 3 14 ; 

Chief Captain in the Marches of Northumber- 
land, Nov. 4, 1315 j 

Lieutenant & Captain-General between the 
Tyne & Tees, Nov. 22, 13 16 ; 




From his seal, (1322). 



Barons, 

Viscounts. 



R. Scot, 
m. 14. 



R. Scot, 
m. 4. 

R. pat. 111.20. 



Ibid. m. 17. 
R. Fin. m. 9. 
R. Scot. m. 4. 

R. pat. 1, 
m. 1. 

Ibid. 

R. Rom. & 
Franc, m. 19. 

Do. m. 17. 



R. pat. 
m. 26. 

R. Scot, 
m. 5. 

R. Scot, 
m. 5. 



BE A UMONT. 



i43 




From his seal, (1322). 



' Dazur ove i. lyoun dor flur- 
ette dor i. bastoun gobune 
dargentl de gufc' 

Boronghbridge Roll. 



Constable of Durham Castle, 1316-1318; 
Governor of Montandre Castle, (Gascony), 

Jan. 8, 1318 ; 
Privy Councillor, [1322] ; 
Joint Warden of the Marches towards Scotland, 

July 2, 1322 ; 
Constable of England, [Sept. 16,] 1322; 
Joint Ambassador to treat with France, Nov. 15, 

i3 2 4; 

Joint Warden of the Ports & Coasts of co. Lin- 
coln, Sept. 30, 1326 ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland, 
April 23, 1327 ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with France, Sept.30, 

I33G 
suram. to Parlt. as Earl of Buchan, Jan. 7, 



1334; 



Constable of the Army, (the North & Scotland), 

April 10, 1336 ; 
Justiciar of Scotland, [Aug. 4], 1338; 

m. Alice Cotnyn, d. 6° //. of fohn, Earl of 
Buchan; 

d. before March 13, 1340. 



1342. John de Beaumont I., son of Henry I. : Baron Beaumont, & Lord 

of Folkingham. 

B. 1318; 

Knight, [May 2, 1338]; 

Commander in English Army, (Flanders &: 

France), 1339 ; 
succ. as 2nd Baron Beaumont, March, 1340 ; 
Lord Attendant on Queen Philippa, 1340 ; 
Captain of 61 Men-at-Arms & 40 Archers, (for 

service abroad), Aug. 8, 1341; 
sumra. to Parlt. Feb. 25, 1342 ; 

m. the Lady Alianor Plantagenct, $th d. of 
Henry > yd Earl of Lancaster ; 

killed, after May 10, 1342. 



Barons. 



R. Vase, 
m. 13. 
R. Claus. 
m. 5, d. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 4. 

Add. Chart. 
21,506. 



R. Alem. 
m. 2. 



R. Vase. 
m. 28, d. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 27 

R. Pari, 
ii. 61. 
R. Alem. 
m. 2. 



R. Scot. 

m. 28. 

R. Scot. m.6. 



R. Scot, 
m. 19. 

Hemingb. 



R. Pat. 14 
Ed. III. 

R. Pat. 2 
m. 22. 
R. Claus. 1 
m. 39, d. 



144 



BEAUMONT. 



1362. Henry de Beaumont II., son of John I. : Baron Beaumont, & 

Lord of Loughborough. 

B. 1340; 

succ. as 3rd Baron Beaumont, after May 10, 

1342; 
summ. to Parlt., Aug. 14, 1362 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in the Parts of 

Kesteven, co. Lincoln, Feb. 10, 1367; 

m. Lady Margaret de Vere, d. of John, yf/i Earl 
of Oxford ; 

d. June 17, 1369. 



From his seal. (1366). 

Crest— On a chapeau, a lion 
statant. 




1369. John de Beaumont II. : son of Henry II. : Baron Beaumont of 

Folkingham. 

B. 1362 j 

succ. as 4th Baron Beaumont, June 17, 1369; 

Knight, (by King Edward III.), April 23, 1377; 




summ. to Parlt. 



Aug. 20, 



;§3; 



From a tracing of his Garter 
plate, (Coll. of Aims). 

Quarterly, 1 & 4, Azure semee 
of fleursdelys, a lion rampant 
or, (Beaumont) ; 2 & 3, 
Azure, 3 garbs or, (Comyn). 



Inspector of Archers in co. Leicester, Sept. 28, 

1386; 
Commander in English Army, (Portugal & 

Spain), 1386 ; 
Admiral of the North, June 22, 1389-1390 ; 
Joint Warden of the West Marches towards 

Scotland, July 1, 1389; 
Privy Councillor, [Dec. 10, 1389] ; 
Captain of the town & castle of Cherbourg, 

Dec. 1, 1390-1392 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in co. Lincoln, 

March 1, 1392 ; 
Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 

Cinque Ports, Dec. 11, 1392; 



Barons. 



R. Claus. 
m. 16, d. 



R. Pat. 1. 
m. 33, d. 



Wardr. Acct. 



R. Franc, 
m. 22. 

Froissart, 
x. 124. 
R. Franc, 
m. 26. 

R. Scotiae, 

MS. Cleor. 
F. iii, f. 62. 



R. Franc, 
in. 10. 



R. pat. 
2, dors. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 16. 



K.G., i39 ? 



o > 



Joint Ambassador to France, Oct. 7, 1395 ; 
Warden & Commissary-General of the West 
Marches towards Scotland, March 30, 

i39 6 ; 
m. Catherine, d. of Thomas de Everingham, of 
Laxton, co. Nottingham ; 

d. Sept. 9, 1396. 



1396. Henry Beaumont III., son of John II. . Baron Beaumont of 

Folkingham. 

B. 1380; 

succ. as 5th Baron Beaumont, Sept. 9, 1396 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Oct. 12, 1399 ; 

Justice of the Peace in co. Leicester, Nov. 6, 

1403; 
summ. to Parlt. Aug. 25, 1404 ; 

Privy Councillor, [1405] ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 

May 20, 1410 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France & 

Flanders, March 27, 141 1 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 

July 1, 141 1 ; 

vi. Elizabeth, d. of William, $th Lord Willonghby 

of Eresby ; 

d. June 15, 1413. 



1413. John Beaumont III., son of Henry III. : Viscount Beaumont, & 

Premier Viscount of England, Baron Beaumont 
of Folkingham ; Earl of Boulogne, in France. 

B. 1409 ; 

succ. as 6th Baron Beaumont, June 15, 1413; 

Knight ; 

Captain of 20 Men-at-Arms & 60 Archers, 

(France), 1429 ; 
Justice of the Peace in the Parts of Lindsey, 

co. Lincoln, Sept. 7, 1433; 
vol. 1. u 



Viscount. 

R. Franc, 
m. 19. 

R. Scot, 
m. 5. 



R. pat. 1, d. 



Acts P. C. 
246. 

R. Franc, 
m. 10. 

R. Franc. 
m. 19. 

R. Franc, 
m. 2. 



R. pat 
m. 33, d. 



146 



BEAUMONT. 



Privy Councillor, [Nov. 12, 1434] ; 

cr. Earl of Boulogne, in Fiance, July 10, 

1436; 
cr. Viscount Beaumont, Feb. 14, 1440 ; 

K.G., 1441 j 

Premier Viscount of England, March 1 2, 1445 ; 

Constable of England, [Nov. 12, i445]-May 6, 

145°; 
Joint Ambassador to France, Nov. 12, 1445 ; 

Joint Warden of the Channel Islands, Feb. 24, 

1446 ; 
Joint Commissioner &: Deputy to treat with 

Scotland, July 8, 1449 ; 
Joint Guardian of the Truce with France & 

Scotland, Oct. 23, 1449 I 
Great Chamberlain of England, May 6, 1450 ; 
Lieutenant against rebels, June 10, 1450 ; 
Steward of Boston, Jan. 7, 145 1; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland, 

April 28, 145 1 ; 
High Steward & Supervisor of the Estates of 

Edward, Prince of Wales, Jan. 20, 1457 ; 
Joint Ambassador to treat with Scotland, 

July 26, 1459 ; 
Steward of the Manors of Grantham & Stam- 
ford, Dec. 19, 1459 j 

m. (1) Elizabeth Phelipp, d. of William, Lord 
Bardolf ; (d. before 1441) ; 

m. (2) Katherine (Neville), dowager-Duchess of 
Norfolk, widow of Sir Thomas Strangways; 
killed, July 10, 1460. 



Viscount. 
Acts P. C. 
iv. 289. 

R. Franc. 
m. 1. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 20. 

R. Franc, 
in. 5. 

R. Franc. 
m. 5. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 37. 

R. Scotia;, 
m. 2. 

Ibid, m 6. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 19. 
R. pat. 
2, dors. 
R. pat 1, 
m. 5. 

R. Scot. 



R. pat. i, 
m. 6. 

R. Scot. 



R. pat. 
m. 16. 




C^viAvv^d'K^r 




BE A UMONT. 



M7 




From the Brass at Wivenhoe. 



1.159. William Beaumont, 2nd son of John III. (1) : Viscount Beaumont, 

& Premier Viscount of England, Baron Beau- 
mont & Bardolf, Lord Comyn, Phelipp, & 
Erpingham. 

B. April 23, 1438 ; 

succ. as Lord Bardolf, {jure matris), March 12, 

1447 ; 

Knight, before Sept. 2, 1460 ; 

succ. as 2nd Viscount Beaumont, July 10, 

1459 ; 

Justice of the Peace in co. Leicester, Dec. iS, 

1460 ; 
attainted, (after Nov. 4), 1461 ; 
restored, Nov., 1470 ; 
attainder revived, April, 147 1 ; 
sumra. to Park, as Viscount Beaumont, Sept. 15, 

1485 ; 

restored, Nov., 1485 ; 
Steward of Barton-on-Humber ; 
lost his reason, about 1496 ; 

m. (1) Lady Joan Stafford, 2nd d. of Humphrey, 
1st Duke of Buckingham, before March 4, 

1461 ; 
m. (2) Elizabeth, niece of John, 5/// Lord Scrope 

of Bolton, April 24, i486 ; 

d. Dec. 19, 1507. 



Arms — Quarterly, I., Azure, semee of fleurs de lys, 
a lion rampant or, (Beaumont) ; n., Azure, 
3 garbs or, (COMYN) ; III., Quarterly gules & 
or, in the first an eagle displayed argent, (Phe- 
lipp) ; IV., Azure, 3 cinquefoils pierced argent, 
(Bardolf). 

Crest- On a wreath, a lion statant or. 

Badges — 1, An elephant with a castle full of soldiers 
on his back, argent, armed & gar- 
nished or. 
2, A broom-cod. 

Motto— Dcssus ml* amusement. 




From the Brass. 



+ 



Viscount. 



U 2 



148 



BEAUMONT. 



STAPLETON. 

1840. Miles Thomas Stapleton, a co-heir of William : Baron Beaumont. 

B. June 6, 1805 ; 

st. Miles Thomas Stapleton, Esq., 1S23- 

1840 ; 
Captain, North York Regt. of Militia, April 19, 

1824 ; 
summ. to Park, as (8th) Baron Beaumont, 

Oct. 16, 1840 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, West Riding & City of 

York, June 20, 1842 ; 

m. Hon. Isabella Anne Browne, eldest d. oj 
John, yd Baron Kilmaine, Sept. 9, 1844; 

d. Aug. 16, 1854. 



1S54. Henry Stapleton, son of Miles Thomas : Baron Beaumont. 

B. Aug. 11, 1848 ; 

succ. as 9th Baron Beaumont, Aug. 16, 1854; 

Cornet & Sub-Lieutenant, 1st Regt. of Life 

Guards, Sept. 30, 1868 ; 
Knight of Justice, of St. John of Jerusalem ; 
Knight Grand Cross of the Holy Sepulchre ; 
Lieutenant, 1st West York Regt. of Yeomanry, 

June 1, 1873-April 4, 1882; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, June 16, 

1S82. 

I 

Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Argent, a lion rampant sable, (Stapleton) ; 2 & 3, 
Argent, 2 bars, & in chief 3 escallops azure, (Errington). 

Crest — A Saracen's head in profile couped at the shoulders proper, wreathed about 
the temples or & azure. 

Supporters — Two talbot dogs argent, each with 3 gutlees de sang gules. 

Motto— Mieulx je sera. 



Barons. 



BEDFORD. 



149 



BEDFORD. 



BE A UMONT. 



113S. Hugh de Beaumont, 3rd son of Robert, Earl of Leicester & Meulan: 

Earl of Bedford. 



1 141. — 'Vir laxus & effemi- 
natus. ' — Gesta Stephani 
regis, p. 74- 



+ 



B. before June 5, 1118 ; 

a Knight, [1138J; 

cr. Earl of Bedford, (by King Stephen), 1138; 

deprived, 1141; 

st. Hugh ' the Poor '. 



+ 



AAAAI 



+ 



COUCY. 

1366. Enguerrand de Coucy VII., son of Enguerrand VI., Sire de Coucy : 

Earl of Bedford ; Count of Soissons & Marie, 
Sire de Coucy, de la Eere, D'Oisy, Ham, & 
Montmirail, in France. 

B. 1340; 

succ. as 9th Sire de Coucy, 1344 f 

Hostage in England for John, King of France, 

1360; 
K.G., 1365 ; (resigned, Aug. 26, 1377) ; 
cr. Earl of Bedford, May 11, 1366 ; 
Count of Soissons, July, 1367 ; 
Steward of the Lands of the Earldom of March, 

[Dec. 24, 1369]; 
Marshal of France, 1375; 
Grand Butler of France ; 

;//. the Lady Isabel, eldest d. of King Edward III., 

1365; 

d. Feb. 18, 1387. 

+ + 



Earls, 
Dukes. 



Orderic. 
1. xiii. c. 36. 

Gesta 
Stephani, 
P- 74- 



AAA/1 



A AAA 



Froissart, 
iv. 115. 



From his seal. 

Fasce de vair & de gueules.' 
Anselme, Hist. Geneal., 

viii., 542. 



+ 



Fued.iii.883. 





From MS. Add. 18,850. 



PLANT AGENET. 

1414. John of Lancaster, 3rd son of King Henry IV. : Duke of Bedford, 

Anjou, & Alencon, Earl of Richmond, Kendal, 
Maine, Harcourt, & Dreux, Viscount Beaumont, 
& Lord of the Channel Islands. 

B. June 20, 1389 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Oct. 11, 1399 ; 

K.G., 1400 ; 

Master of the Falcons, Aug. 21, 1402 ; 

st. John of Lancaster, 1403-1414 ; 

Keeper of Fremantle Park, June 13, 1403 ; 

Warden of the East Marches, & Captain of 

Berwick, Aug. 6, 1403-Sept. 29, 1414 ; 
Constable of England, Sept. 10, 1403 ; 
Justice of the Peace in co. Northumberland, 

& the East Riding, co. York ; 
Joint x\mbassador to treat with Scotland, April 4, 

1411 ; 
cr. Earl of Kendal, & Duke of Bedford, 

May 16, 1414 ; 
cr. Earl of Richmond, Nov. 24, 1414; 
Privy Councillor, [May 27, 141 5] ; 
Guardian & Lieutenant of England, Aug. 11. 

1415 ; 

Captain & Lord of Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, 

& Sark, Nov. 27, 1415; 
Lieutenant of the King at sea, July, 141 6 ; 
Guardian & Lieutenant of England, July 25, 

1417-Dec. s°, i4 T 9; 
Deputy of the Order of the Garter, 1418-1419 ; 
Guardian & Lieutenant of England, June 10, 

1421 ; 
President of the Order of the Garter, 1422 ; 
Governor & Lieutenant of Normandy, 1422 ; 
Regent of France, Sept., 1422-Sept. 14, 1435 > 
Protector & Defender of the Realm & Church of 

England, Dec. 5, 1422-1435 ; 



Badge— The root of a tree 
couped & eradicated or. 



Dikes. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 4. 

R. pat. 2. 

111. 6. 

R. Scot. 
m. 13. 
R. pat. 2, 
m. 10. 



R. pat. 

R. Scot. 

111 7. 



Acts P. C. 
ii. 1C7. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 41. 

R. Franc, 
m. 6. 



R. Franc, 
m. 22 



R. Franc. 
1. m. 9. 



R. Pari, 
iv. 174. 




Principal Councillor to King Henry VI., Dec. 5, 

1422 ■ 

Admiral of England, Ireland, & Aquitaine, 

July 26, 1426 ; 
Captain of Calais, & Lieutenant of the Marches 

of Picardy, Dec. 5, 1428 ; 
Captain of Alencon, [Feb. 12, 1431] ; 
Captain of Meuian, [Feb. 26, 143 1] ; 
Captain of the Tower of Falaise, [1433-1434]; 

m. (1) Anne, sister of Philip, Duke of Burgundy, 

1423 ; (d. Nov. 14, 1432) ; 
;;/. (2) ^aquetta of Luxembourg, d. of Petei , 

Count of St. Pol, x\pril, 1433 ; 

d. (at Rouen), Sept. 14, 1435. 




From MS. Add. 18,850. 



Arms — France modern & England quarterly, a label of 5 points, the 2 dexter 
ermine, & the 3 sinister azure, each charged with 3 fleurs de lys or. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules turned up ermine, a lion passant gardant & crowned 
or, gorged with a label as before. 

Supporters — Two eagles argent, gorged with coronets of roses or. 
Motto— 2V bans tniicr*. 



+ 



+ 



NEVILLE. 



+ 



1470. George Neville, son of John, Marquis of Montagu : Duke of Bed- 
ford. 



Arms— See title Montagu. 



+ 



B. after Nov., 1456 ; 

cr. Duke of Bedford, Jan. 5, 1470 ; 

deprived by Parlt, 1477 > 

d. (before) May 4, 1483. 



+ 



+ 



Dukes. 

R. Pari, 
iv. 174. 

Acts P. C. 
iii. 207. 



MS. 21,156, 
f. 92. 

Ibid. f. 96. 
Wars. [I. 
54i- 



R. Pari, 
vi. 173. 



'5 2 



BEDFORD. 



TUDOR. 

1485. Jasper 'of Hatfield,' uncle of King Henry VII. : Duke of Bed- 
ford, Earl of Pembroke, & Lord of Bergavenny. 

B. about 1430 ; 

Knight, (by King Henry VI.), Dec. 25, 1449 ; 

cr. Earl of Pembroke, March 6, 1453 ; 

Privy Councillor, [Dec. 6, 1453] ; 

K.G., April, 1459 ; 

attainted & deprived, Dec. 29, 1461 ; 

Joint Lieutenant for King Henry VI., 1470 ; 

restored Earl of Pembroke, about Oct., 1470; 

Commissioner of Array in South Wales & the 

Marches, Jan. 30, 147 1; 
Constable of Gloucester Castle, Feb. 14, 1471; 
attainder revived, 147 1 ; 
First Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 

Henry VII., Oct., 1485 ; 
Acting Commissioner for office of Lord High 

Steward of England, Coron. of King Henry 

From his seal, VII., Oct. 1 9, 1 485 ; 

cr. Duke of Bedford, Oct. 27, 1485; 
Privy Councillor, 1485 ; 
restored Earl of Pembroke, Dec. n, 1485 ; 
Chief Justice of South Wales, Dec. 13, 1485 ; 
General or Lieutenant of Calais, ('pro tempore]) 

Jan. 17, i486; 
Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in 

South Wales, [Feb. 27, i486]; 
Chief Commissioner of the King's Mines in 

England & Wales, Feb. 27, i486 ; 
Chief Justice in Eyre in Lordships of Monmouth, 

Skenfrith, Grosmont, Whitcastle, & Ebboth, 

March 9, i486 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, March 11, 1486- 

Nov. 1, 1494 ; 
Chief Justice of ' Oyer & Terminer ' in the City 

of London, July 5, i486 ; 
Chief Captain of the Royal Army, June, 1487 ; 




Duke. 



W. Wyrc. 

[77°]- 

Acts Pr. C. 
vi. 165. 

R. Pari, 
v. 478. 
Con. Chart, 
xvii. 11. 



R. pat. 
m. 1, d. 

Ibid. m. 12. 



Pat. 2, m. 17. 
Hall, 424. 
Pat. 2, m. 18, 



Foed. v. 
pt. 3, 168. 



Pat. 2, m. 1, 



Pat. 3, m.17. 



Pat. 3. 
m 7, d. 

Hall, 433. 



BEDFORD. 



*53 



Nov. 10, 14S7. — ' In a gowne 
cf clothe of golde, richely 
furrede.' — Leland, IV., 




First Commissioner for office of Lord High 
Steward of England, Coron. of Queen 
Elizabeth of York, Nov. 9, 1487 ; 

Bearer of the Crown, Coron. of Queen Elizabeth 
of York, Nov. 10, 1487 ; 

Earl Marshal of England, 1492 ; 

High Steward of the University of Oxford, 14S5 ; 

///. Katherine (\Vydeinlle), dowager-Duchess of 
Buckingham, before Nov. 7, 14S5; 

d. Dec. 21, 1495. 




From his seal. 



Arms— France modern & England quarterly, a bordure azure, charged with 14 

martlets or. 
Crest — A dragon (or wyvern) with wings elevated sable. 
Supporters— Dexter, a dragon with wings elevated. Sinister, a wolf. 

+ + F 



RUSSELL. 

1550. John Russell I., son of James Russell, Esq. : Earl of Bedford, & 

Baron Russell of Cheyneys. 

B. before i486 ; 

Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King Henry 

VII, 1506; 

Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King Henry 

VIII, 1509; 

Captain in the English Army, (France), 15 13 ; 
Knight, (by Earl of Surrey), July 1, or 2, 1522 ; 
Knight- Marshal of the Household, June 28, 

i5 2 3; 
Secret Envoy to the Emperor, & Charles, Duke 

of Bourbon, Aug. 2, 1523 ; 
vol. 1. x 



Earls. 



Leland, 
Coll. iv. 216. 



Wood, ii. 
Fasti, 182. 



Chron. 
Calais, 31. 

S. P. 3139. 
S. P. 3217. 



154 



BEDFORD. 




After H. Hulbein. 



' Of a middle stature, neither 
tall to formidableness, nor 
short to a contempt ; straight 
& proportioned, vigorous & 
active.'— U. Lloyd, State 
Worthies, p. 443. 



Lost an eye, July, 1544. 



Secret Envoy to Charles, Duke of Bourbon, 

June 1 -Nov. 5, 1525 ; 
Ambassador to the Pope, (Clement VII.), & 

Naples, Jan. 2, 1527 ; 
Sheriff, cos. Dorset & Somerset, 1528 ; 
Bailiff of Burley, in the New Forest, Aug. 28, 

1528; 
M.P., co. Buckingham, 1529-1536; 
Joint Commissioner to try Insurgents in co. 

Lincoln, 1536; 
Comptroller of the Household, Oct. iS, 1537— 

March 15, 1539; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 8, 1538 ; 
cr. Baron Russell of Cheyneys, March 29, 1539; 
K.G., April 24, 1539; 
High Steward of the Duchy of Cornwall, Warden 

of the Stannaries, Rider & Master- Forester 

of Dartmoor Forest & Chace, & Warden of 

Exmoor Forest, July 4, 1539 ; 
Constable of Restormell Castle, & Keeper of 

Restormell Park, Sept. 18, 1539 ; 
Keeper of Tiverton & Assheley Parks, Sept. 18, 

1539; 
Keeper of Bockonnoc Manor & Park, Sept. 18, 

!539; 
Steward of the Honours of Wynkerlegh, South 

Tawton, & Seele, Sept. 18, 1539; 
Keeper of Lydford Castle, Devon, Sept. 1 8, 1539; 
Ford High Admiral of England & Ireland, 

July 18, 1540-Jan. 27, 1542 ; 
Lord President, cos. Devon, Dorset, Cornwall, 

& Somerset, 1540 ; 
High Steward of the University of Oxford, 

Nov. 7, 1542 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Dec. 3, 1543- 

1547; 
Captain-General of the A'anguard, English Army 

in France, July 9, 1544 ; 
Keeper of Rockingham Castle, June 3, 1545; 
Lieutenant & Captain-General in the Western 

cos., & Wales, June 14, 1545; 



Earl. 



S. P. 2769. 



Pat. 1, m. 2g. 



Wriothesley, 
i. 69. 



Pat. pt. 3. 

Ibid. 
Ibid. 

Ibid. 
Ibid. 

Pat. 3- 



Wood, ii. 



Pat. 
Pat. 

Feed. vi. 129. 



BEDFORD. 



i55 



Colours, 1551 — Red & 
white; & 

Red, white, & black. — H. 
MACHYX, Diary, p. 31. 



Joint Executor to King Henry VIII., Dec. 30, 

1546 ; 
Lord High Steward of England for Coron. of 

King Edward VI., Feb. 20, 1547 ; 
Bearer of the Third Sword, Coron. of King 

Edward VI., Feb. 20, 1547 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 13, 1547 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Aug. 21, 1547- 

July6, 1553; 
Lieutenant of the Protector, in cos. Devon, Corn- 
wall, Dorset, & Somerset, June 25, 1549; 
cr. Earl of Bedford, Jan. 19, 1550; 
Chief Commissioner to makepeace with France, 

March, 1550 ; 
First Special Commissioner to execute Penal 

Laws, March 9, 1552 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Nov. 3, 1553 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Devon, [1554] ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Spain, April 1 2- 

J"ly, 1554.; 
in. Anne {Sapcote\ dowaget'-Lady 'Jcrninghain, 

1526; (d. March, 1559); 

d. March 14, 1555. 



Earl. 
Feed. vi. 144. 




ARMS— I. Quarterly, I & 4, Argent, a lion rampant gules, on a chief sable, 3 escal- 
lops of the first, (Russell) ; 2 & 3, Azure, a tower argent, (De la Tour); 
II. Gules. 3 herrings argent, 2 & 1, (HERINGHAM) ; III. Sable, a griffin 
segreant, between 3 cross crosslets fitch^e argent, (Fauxmer) ; IV. Sable, 3 
cheverons ermine, a crescent for difference, (Wise). 
Crest— On a wreath, argent & sable, a goat passant of the first, armed & unguled or. 
Supporters— Dexter, a goat argent, armed & unguled or. Sinister, a lion gules, 
with a collar sable charged with 3 escallops argent. 

Motto — Plus que jamais. 

x 2 



MS. Ashm. 
863. 

Pat. 



Pat. 2, 
m. 16, d. 



K. Edw. 
p. 11. 

Pat. 6, 
m. 33, d. 



S. P. For. 
188. 



^56 



BEDFORD. 




After Cook, cngr. (from picture 
at Woburn). 



1555. Francis Russell I., son of John I. : Earl of Bedford, & Baron 

Russell of Cheyneys. 

B. 1527 ; 

Knight, (by King Edward VI.), Feb. 20, 1547; 

M.P., co. Buckingham, 1547-1552 ; 

st. Lord Russell, 1550-1555 ; 

summ. to Park., as Baron Russell, Feb., 1552 ; 

Lord Warden of the Stannaries, [1553-1580] ; 

Captain in the English Army, (St. Quentin), 
July-Sept. 1557 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Bedford, March 14, 1555; 

Lord Lieutenant, cos. Dorset, Devon, & Corn- 
wall, & City of Exeter, March 14-Nov. 10, 

1553; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 21, 1558 • 
Member of Gray's Inn, [1558] ; 
Assistant to the Commissioners to draw up the 

new Liturgy, 1559 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Devon & Cornwall, 

May 15-Oct. 15, 1559; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, Jan. 23- 

March 9, 1561 ; 
Warden of the East Marches, & Captain of 

Berwick, Feb., 1564 ; 
K.G, April 23, 1564; 
Lieutenant-General in cos. Northumberland, 

Cumberland, Westmoreland, & Durham, 

Aug. 1565-1569 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to Scotland, Nov. 5, 
1566 ; 

Proxy for Queen Elizabeth at Baptism of James, 
Prince of Scotland, Dec. 16, 1566 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, cos. Devon & Cornwall, & 
City of Exeter, Nov. 19, 1569 ; 

Chief Commissioner of Musters in co. Bucking- 
ham, 1569 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, cos. Devon, Cornwall, & 
Dorset, & City of Exeter, June 4, 1574 ; 

Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter, 1576 j 

High Steward of Oxford ; 



Eakl. 



MS. Claud. 

C. iii. 

Willis, iii. 



Journ. i. 431, 
Haynes, 163. 



Dom. xii. 



Dom. Eliz. 
xxiii. 49. 

Camden, 
p. 8. 

Dom. xii. 
Cecil, 752. 



Cecil, 755. 



Lodge,i,35i. 
Cecil, 762. 



Camden, 104. 



Dom. clxxix. 

53. 

Dom. li. 3. 

Dom. clxxix. 

58. 

MS. Lansd. 

£83, f. 46- 



BEDFORD. 



i57 



Mono— Che sara sara. 



Joint Commissioner to treat with the French 

Ambassadors, 15S1 ; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests South of Trent, Feb. 26, 1584 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Buckingham ; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Devon, Cornwall, & 

Dorset, July 3, 1585 ; 

///. (1) Margaret, sister of Oliver, 1st Lord St. John 
of B let so \ (d. Aug. 27, 1562); 

;//. (2) Bridget, dowager- Countess of Rutland, ajter 
1563; 

d. July 28, 1585. 



Earls. 
Camden, 339. 

Grants, 136. 

MS. Lansd. 
683. 

S. B. 






1585. Edward Russell, grandson of Francis I. (i) : Earl of Bedford, & 

Baron Russell of Cheyneys. 

B. Oct., 1574; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Bedford, July 28, 1585 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Devon, 1603; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Bedford, Huntingdon, 

Buckingham, Hertford, Devon, Dorset, & 

Cornwall ; 

;//. Luey, d. of ^o/in, 1st Lord Harrington of 
E.xton, Dec. 12, 1594; 

d. May 3, 1627. 




Fat. p. 14, d. 



i53 



BEDFORD. 



1627. 



Francis Russell II., cousin of Edward : Earl of Bedford, Baron 

Russell of Cheyneys & Thornhaugh. 

B. 1593; 

st. Francis Russell, Esq., 1607 ; 

Knight, (by King James I.), March 30, 1607 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Russell of Thornhaugh, 

Aug. 9, 1613 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Devon, Jan. 8, 16 19; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Devon & city of Exeter, 

July 8, 1623 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Bedford, May 3, 1627 ; 
First Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 

(Ripon), Sept., 1640; 
First Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 

(London), Nov. 23, 1640 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 19, 1641 ; 
designated Lord High Treasurer of England ; 

///. Catherine, d. 6° h. of Giles, yd Lord C/iandos, 

[1613]; 

d. May 9, 1641. 




After Van Dyck, 




1641. William Russell I., son of Francis II. : Duke of Bedford, Marquis 

of Tavistock, Earl of Bedford, Baron Russell of 
Cheyneys & Thornhaugh, & Howland of Streat- 
ham. 

B. 1613; 

st. Lord Russell, 1627-1641 ; 
educ. Magdalen Coll., Oxford ; 
Knight of the Bath, Feb. 1, 1626; 



Earl, 
Duke. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 



Pat. 10, d. 



Pat. 6, d. 



Balfour, ii. 
411. 

Ibid. 419. 
P. C. Reg. 

Clarendon, 
i. 414. 



Walkley, 
129. 



BEDFORD. 



r 59 



Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Devon, [1639] ; 
M.P., Tavistock, 1640 ; 
succ. as 5th Ear] of Bedfofd, May 9, 1641 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Devon, (on nom. of Park.), 

Feb. 28, 1642-Aug. 23, 1643; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Somerset, (for the Park.), 

March 25, 1642-Aug. 23, 1643 ) 
General of the Horse, (Parliamentary Army), 

July 14, 1642-Aug., 1643 ; 
Member of the Assembly of Divines, June 7- 

Aug., 1643 ; 
Volunteer, (Royal Army), Sept. -Dec, 1643 5 
Recorder of Bedford ; 



( * <»»^ u Bearer of St. Edward's Staff, Coron. of King 

#jL>? ■'• -' Charles II., April 23, 166 1 ; 




S*<\ 






After Van Dyck. 



1635. — 'An handsome, gentile 
man.' — Rev. G. Garrard, 
Strafford Letters, I., 390. 



Governor of Plymouth, Feb., 1671 ; 

K.G., May 29, 1672 ; 

Joint Commissioner for office of Earl Marshal, 

June 20, 1673 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 14, 1689 ; 
Bearer of the Queen's Sceptre with the Dove, 

Coron. of King William III. & Queen 

Mary, April n, 1689 : 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Bedford & Cambridge, 

May 10, 1689 ; 
Recorder of Cambridge, Oct. 16, 16S9 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Middlesex, Feb. 3, 1693 ; 
cr, Marquis of Tavistock, & Duke of Bedford, 

May 11, 1694 ; 
cr. Baron Howlandof Streatham, June 13, 1695; 

m. Lady Anne Carr, d. of Robert, Earl oj 
Somerset, 1637 ; 

d. Sept. 7, 1700. 




Duke. 

Willis, 
iii. 231. 



Journ. of C. 
ii. 459. 

Ibid. 497. 



Ibid. 672. 

Journ. of C. 
iii. 119. 



Walker, 
p. 90. 
James II. 55. 



Williamson, 
1. 54- 



Pat. 

C. H. C. 
iv. 11. 



i6o 



BEDFORD. 



1700. Wriothesley Russell I., grandson of William I. : Duke of Bedford, 

Marquis of Tavistock, Earl of Bedford, Baron 
Russell of Cheyneys & Thornhaugh, & Baron 
Howland of Streatham. 

B. 1680; 

st. Marquis of Tavistock, 16 94- 1700 ; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Bedford, Sept. 7, 1700; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King William 

IIL, May 22, 1701-1702 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Bedford, Nov. 27, 1701 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Cambridge, Nov. 27, 

1701 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Middlesex, & Liberty of Westminster, 

Nov. 27, 1701 ; 
Lord High Constable of England, for Coron. of 

Queen Anne, April 23, 1702; 
Privy Councillor, 1702; 
K.G., March 13, 1703 ; 

m. Elizabeth, only d. o^ //. of John Howland, 
Esq., of Streatham, May 23, 1695 ; 

d. May 26, 1711. 

1704. —'Of low stature, fair 
complexion.' — J. MACKY, 
P- 37- 



Dukes. 




From a drawing in the British 

Museum. 



1711. Wriothesley Russell II., son of Wriothesley I.: Duke of Bedford, 

Marquis of Tavistock, Earl of Bedford, Baron 
Russell of Cheyneys & Thornhaugh, & Baron 
Howland of Streatham. 

B. Aug. 13, 1703; 

st. Marquis of Tavistock, i 703-1 7 1 1 ; 

succ. as 3rd Duke of Bedford, May 26, 1 71 1 ; 

m. Lady Anne Egerton, d. of Scroop, Duke of 
B?-idgac>attr, April 26, 1725 ; 

d. Oct. 23, 1732. 



Establ. Bk. 
20. 



Ga 




After Sir J. Reynolds. 



1732. John Russell II., brother of Wriothesley II. : Duke of Bedford, 

Marquis of Tavistock, Earl of Bedford, Baron 
Russell of Cheyneys, Russell of Thornhaugh, & 
Howland of Streatham. 

B. Sept. 30, 1 7 10 ; 

st. Lord John Russell, 17 10-1732 ; 
succ. as 4th Duke of Bedford, Oct. 23, 1732; 
First Lord of the Admiralty, Dec. 25, 1744 ; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 27, 1744; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Bed- 
ford, April 23, 1745 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, May 4-Aug. 31, 

1745 ; 

an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 1745 ; 
Master of the Trinity House, June 10, 1745 ; 
Colonel in the Army, Sept. 27, 1745; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, Sept. 27, 1745 ; 
Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, Feb. 22, 

1746 ; 
Secretary of State for the Southern Department, 

Feb. 13, 1748-June 14, 1 751; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Oct. 21, 1748; 
K.G., June 22, 1749 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Devon, June 21, 1751 ; 
Vice Admiral, co. Devon ; 
Major-General, Feb. 28, 1755 > 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Dec. 15, 1 756— 

March, 1761 ; 
Lieutenant-General, Feb. 1, 1759 ; 
Colonel, 1 st Devon Regt. of Militia, June 21, 1759; 
Lord High Constable of England for Coron. of 

King George III., Sept. 22, 1761 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Nov. 25, 1761- 

April 22, 1763 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to Versailles, Sept. 4, 1762 ; 
Lord President of the Council, Sept. 9, 1763- 

July 12, 1765 ; 
Chancellor of the University of Dublin, Nov. 1 1, 

1765; 

VOL. I. Y 



Duke. 



1 745. - ' The Duke of Bedford 
goes in his little round per- 
son with his regiment.' — 
Horace Walpole, Letters, 
I., p. 402. 

'The little Duke.'— Horace 
Walpole, Letters, IV., 
P- 39- 



162 



BEDFORD. 



High Steward of Huntingdon ; 

Recorder of Bedford ; 

a Governor of the Foundling Hospital, Aug. 7, 

1739 ; 

m. (1) Lady Diana Spencer, d. of Charles, yd 
Earl of Sunderland, Oct. n, 1731 ; 

111. (2) Lady Gertrude Leveson- Gower, d. of 
John, Earl Gower (1), April, 1737; 

d. Jan. 14, 1 77 1. 




Dikes. 



1771. Francis Russell III., grandson of John II. : Duke of Bedford, 

Marquis of Tavistock. Earl of Bedford, Baron 
Russell of Cheyneys, Russell of Thornhaugh, & 
Howland of Streatham. 

B. July 23, 1765 ; 

st. Lord Russell, 1 765-1 767 ; 

st. Marquis of Tavistock, 1 767-1771 ; 

succ. as 5th Duke of Bedford, Jan. 14, 1771 ; 

educ. Westminster School, & Coll. Cam- 
bridge ; 

Ensign, Bedfordshire Regt. of Militia, March 
26, 1778-1780 ; 

Recorder of Bedford ; 

Member of the Board of Agriculture, Aug. 31, 

*793 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Bedford, Nov. 22,1796; 

a Vice President of the Small Pox Hospital ; 

Vice President of the Veterinary College ; 

President of the Toxophilite Society ; 




After J Hoppner. 



' Tall, well formed, elegant in 
his person, & polished in his 



BEDFORD. 



163 



manners. In his exterior, 
it has been thought, there 
was too much of what is 
called aristocracy; but, on 
closer acquaintance with 
him, this was found to be 
merely in appearance.' — 
Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 
LXXII., p. 2S5. 



d. May 2, 1802. 




1802. John Russell III., brother of Francis III. : Duke of Bedford, 

Marquis of Tavistock, Eari of Bedford, Baron 
Russell of Cheyneys, Russell of Thornhaugh, 
& Howland of Streatham. 




After Sir G. Hayter. 



1819. — ' A plain unpretending 
man in his manner.' — Geo. 
Ticknor, Life, L, 270. 



B. July 6, 1766; 

st. Lord John Russell, 



1767-1802 



Ensign, Bedfordshire Regt. of Militia, Oct. 25, 

1778; 
Lieutenant, do. April 24, 1780; 

Captain, do. Feb. 24, 1781 ; 

Ensign, 3rd Regt. of Foot Guards, March 18, 

1783-April 9, 1785 ; 
M.P., Tavistock, 1790 ; & 1 796-1802 ; 
succ. as 6th Duke of Bedford, May 2, 1802 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb 12, 1806 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Feb. 12, 1806- 

Apnl 19, 1807 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 

March 28, 1S06-1807 ; 
K.G., Nov. 25, 1830; 
Vice President of the Society of Arts ; 
Recorder of Bedford ; 

;//. (1) Hon. Georgian a Elizabeth Byng, d. of 
George, afh Viscount Torrington, March 21, 
1786; 

m. (2) Lady Georgian a Gordon, d. of Alexander, 
afh Lhikc of Gordon, June 23, 1803 ; 

d. Oct. 20, 1839. 



Duke. 



Y2 



164 



BEDFORD. 



1839. Francis Russell IV., son of John (1) : Duke of Bedford, Marquis 

of Tavistock, Earl of Bedford, Baron Russell of 
Cheyneys, Russell of Thornhaugh, & Howland 
of Streatham. 

B. May 13, 1788; 

st. Marquis of Tavistock, 1 802-1 839 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1808 ; 

Captain, 1st ' Woburn ' Troop of Bedfordshire 
Yeomanry, Aug. 31, 1807 ; 

M.P., Peterborough, 1809-1812 ; 

M.P., co. Bedford, 1S18; 1820; 1826; 1830; 
& 1831-1832; 

suram. to Parlt. as Baron Howland of Streatham, 
Jan. 15, 1833; 

succ. as 7th Duke of Bedford, Oct. 20, 1839; 

Privy Councillor, July 6, 1846 ; 

K.G., March 26, 1847 ; 

Special Deputy Warden of the Stannaries, 
Oct., 1852 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Bed- 
ford, (swn.) Nov. 29, 1S59; 

;;/. Lady Anna Maria Stanhope, d. of Charles, 
yd Earl of Harrington, Aug. 8, 1808; 

d. May 14, 1861. 



186 1. William Russell II., son of Francis IV. : Duke of Bedford, 

Marquis of Tavistock, Earl of Bedford, Baron 
Russell of Cheyneys, Russell of Thornhaugh, Sz 
Howland of Streatham. 

B. June 30, 1S09 ; 

st. Lord Russell, 1809-1839 ; 

M.P., Tavistock, 1832 ; 1835 ; & 1837-1841 ; 

st. Marquis of Tavistock, 1839-1861; 

succ. as 8th Duke of Bedford, May 14, 1861; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Bedford ; 

d. May 26, 1S72. 



BEDFORD. 



165 



1872. Francis Charles Hastings Russell, cousin of William : Duke of 

Bedford, Marquis of Tavistock, Earl of 
Bedford, Baron Russell of Cheyneys, Thorn- 
haugh, & Howland of Streatham. 

B. Oct. 16, 1819 ; 

st. F. C. Hastings Russell, Esq., 1837-1872; 

Ensign and Lieutenant, Scots Fusilier Regt. of 

Foot Guards, Aug. 28, 1838; 
M.P., Bedfordshire, 1847; 1852; 1857; 1859; 

1865 ; & 186S-1872; 
Major, Bedfordshire Regt. of Militia, April 5, 

1849-June, i860 ; 
Lieutenant, 2nd Middlesex (' Royal Rifle ') 

Regt. of Militia, Dec. 23, 1854 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Bedfordshire Adm. Batt. of 

Rifle Volunteers, Oct. 11, i860 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Bedford, June 29, 1861 ; 
Vice Lieutenant, co. Bedford, Jan. 15, 1872; 
succ. as 9th Duke of Bedford, May 26, 1872; 
Hon. Colonel, Bedfordshire Adm. Batt. of Rifle 

Volunteers, June 26, 1872; 
Custos Rotulorum, Isle of Ely, Jan. 17, 1874; 
K.G., Dec. 1, 1880; 

m. Lady Elizabeth Sackville West, eldest d. of 
George John, $th Earl De la Warr, 
Jan. 11, 1844. 



Duke. 



Arms — Argent, a lion rampant gules ; on a chief sable 3 escallops of the first. 

Crest — A goat passant argent, armed & unguled or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion gules. Sinister, an ibex, or heraldic antelope, gules, 
armed, unguled, & tufted, ducally gorged, & chain reflexed over the back, 
all or. 

Motto — Che sara, sara. 



BERESFORD. 



Viscount. 




BERESFORD. 

1814. William Carr Beresford, nat. son of Henry, Marquis of Waterford : 

Viscount Beresford of Beresford, & Baron 
Beresford of Albuera &: of Dungarvon ; Duke 
of Elvas, Marquis of Campo Mayor, & Count 
of Trancoso, in Portugal. 

B. Oct. 2, 1768; 

Ensign, 6th Regt. of Foot, Aug. 27, 1785 ; 
Lieutenant, 16th Regt. of Foot, June 25, 1789; 
Captain, Independent Company, Jan. 24, 1791; 
Captain, 69th Regt. of Foot, May 31, 1791; 
Major, do., March 1, 1794; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 'Waterford' Regt. of Foot, 

Aug. 11, 1794; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 88th Regt. of Foot, Sept. 1, 

1795; 

Colonel in the Army, Jan. 1, 1800 ; 

Colonel, 88th Regt. of Foot, Feb. 7, 1807 ; 

Major-General, April 25, 1808; 

Lieutenant-General, in Portugal, Feb. 25, 1809 ; 

Marshal Commanding the Portuguese Army, 
March 1, 1809; 

Marshal General of Portugal ; 

K.B., Nov. 7, 1810; 

Governor of Cork, June, 181 1; 

M. P., co. Waterford, 181 1 ; 

cr. Count of Trancoso, in Portugal, Oct. 19, 
1811 ; 

Knight Grand Cross of the Tower and Sword, 
of Portugal, Oct. 19, 181 1 ; 

Lieutenant General, Jan. 1, 181 2 ; 

M. P., Waterford, 1812-1814; 

cr. Baron Beresford of Albuera & of Dun- 
garvon, May 17, 1 814; 

Captain- General, of Spain; 

received the Gold War Cross with seven clasps, 

July, 1815; 



After Sir W. Beechey. 



'A man of great strength.' — 
Napier, Hist., III., p. 167. 



Knight Grand Cross of St. Ferdinand, of Spain, 

July 24, 181 5 ; 
Knight Grand Cross of St. Hermenigilde, of 

Spain, May 17, 1S17 ; 
G.C.H., 1818; 

Colonel, 69th Regt. of Foot, March ir, 1819; 
Governor of Jersey, Jan. 29, 1820; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 6, 182 1; 
Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance, Feb. 8, 

1823; 
Colonel, 1 6th Regt. of Foot, March 15, 1823 ; 
cr. Viscount Beresford of Beresford, March 28, 

1823; 
General in the Army, May 27, 1825 ; 
Master-General of the Ordnance, Jan. 29, 

1828-Nov. 22, 1830 ; 
received the Silver War-Medal with two clasps, 

1849 ; 
Colonel in Chief 60th Regt. of Foot (' King's 

Royal Rifle Corps '), Sept. 23, 1852 ; 

;//. Louisa, d. of William, \st Lord Dccies, 6° 
widow of Thomas Hope, Esq. , Nov. 29,1832; 

d. Jan. 8, 1854. 







^/T^t^V^—w^ 7 



ARMS— Argent, semee of cross crcsslets fitchee, & 3 fleurdelys sable, all within a 
border wavy ermines. 

Crest— Out of a mural coronet a dragon's head per fess azure & gules, pierced 
through the neck with a broken tilting-spear, & holding the remaining part of 
the spear, point upwards, in the mouth. 

Supporters — Two angels proper, habited argent, crined or, with wings inverted of 
the last, holding in the exterior hand a sword erect proper, pomel & hilt gold, 
& charged on the breast of the habit with 3 fleurdelys of the last. 

Motto— Nil nisi cruce. 



+ 



+ 



Viscount. 



1 68 


BERKELEY. 




BERKELEY. 


Barons, 


["54 


Robert Fitz- Harding, son of Harding the Dane: Lord of Berkeley. 


Yiscount & 
Marqims, 




cr. Lord of Berkeley, before 1152 ; 


Earls. 




m. Eva, d. of Estmond ; 






* d. Feb. 5, 1 171. 




1171. 


Li 

Maurice, 2nd son of Robert : Baron of Berkeley. 

succ. as 2nd Baron of Berkeley, Feb. 5, 117 1 ; 
confirmed Lord of Berkeley, Oct. 30, 1189 ; 
Justice Itinerant in co. Gloucester, 1190; 

m. Alicia, d. of Roger de Berkeley, Lord of 
Dursley ; 

d. June 16, 1 190. 

BERKELEY. 




1 190. 


Robert de Berkeley, son of Maurice : Baron of Berkeley. 

B. 1 164 ; 

Knight ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron of Berkeley, 1190; 

Chief Justiciar to assess an aid for defence of the 


• 




Realm, Feb. 17, 1207; 


Feed. i. 96. 




Justice Itinerant, 1208; 






Chief Commissioner to inquire into the losses of 






the clergy in the diocese of Bath & Wells, 






Aug. 31, 1213; 


R. pat. 2, 
m. 8, d. 




Warden of Alweston Forest, Jan. 20, 12 14; 


R. Claus. 




a Royal Commissioner to the cos. Gloucester, 


m. 2. 




Somerset, Dorset, & Hants, Feb. 10, 1215; 


R. pat. m. 7. 




Royal Commissioner to the Boroughs of Wilton, 






Sherborne, & Dorchester, Feb. 10, 12 15 ; 

/;/. (1) Jh liana, d. of William de Pont deVArchc ; 

m. (2) Lucy, d of , after 1216; 

d. May 13, 1220. 


Ibid. 



i22o. Thomas de Berkeley L, brother of Robert : Baron Berkeley of 

Berkeley. 

B. 1164 ; 

succ. as 4th Baron Berkeley, Aug. 9, 1220 ; 

m. Joan de Somery, d. of Ralph, Lord of 
Campdcn, co. Gloucester ; 

d. Nov. 29, 1243. 



1243. Maurice de Berkeley II., son of Thomas I. : Baron Berkeley of 

Berkeley. 



Glover's Roll. 



B before 1222* 
Arms — 'Goules, ung chevron . ' 

de argent.' Knight, L I2 4^J; 

succ. as 5th Baron Berkeley, Nov. 29, 1243 ; 

;//. Isabel de Creoun, niece of William de Valence, 
Earl of Pembroke ; 

d. April 4, 12S1. 



1295. Thomas de Berkeley II., 2nd son of Maurice II. : Baron Berkeley 

of Berkeley. 

B. 1250; 

Knight ; 

succ. as 6th Baron Berkeley, April 4, 1281 ; 

Joint Commissioner to examine Claims to the 

Crown of Scotland, June 5, 1292; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron de Berkeley. 

June 24, 1295; 
Joint Ambassador to treat with France, (at 

Cambray), Jan. r, 1296; 
Vice Constable of England, July, 1297; 
Chief Commissioner to prevent excommunica- 
tions in cos. Gloucester & Worcester, 

Aug. 19, 1297; 
Commander in 4th Division of the King's Army, 

(Scotland), June-July, 1298; 
Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Gloucester, 

April 11, 1300; 

VOL. I. v 




From his effigy. After J. Carter, 
(1784). 



Barons. 



Foed. i. 766. 



R. pat. 
m. 18. 
Foed. i. 873. 



Ibid. 875. 



MS. Harl. 
6589. 

Fad. i. 920. 



170 



BERKELE Y. 




Joint Ambassador to the Pope, (Clement V.), 

July 5, 1307 ; 
Keeper of the Manor of Stanley Regis, Jan. 14, 

Guardian & Justice of the Peace, co. Gloucester, 
April 13, 1314; 

m. fane de Eerre?'s, d. of William, 6th Earl of 
E>erl>y (2) ; 

d. July 23, 1321. 



Barons. 

R. Rom. 
m. 2. 



Orig. r. 8. 



R. Pat. 1, 
m. 14. 



From his seal, (1301). 



129S. — ' De gules, ov ung cheveron dargent, ov les croiselettes dargent.' 

MS. Harl. 5689 : f. 9 b . 



130S. Maurice de Berkeley III., son of Thomas II. : Baron Berkeley 

of Berkeley. 

B. 12S1 ; 

Knight, [1300]; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Berkeley, Aug. 16, 

1308 ; 
Warden of the Town of Gloucester, July 20, 

1312; 
Captain of the Castle & Town of Berwick, 

April 18, 13 15 j 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland, 

Feb. 22, 13 16 ; 
Chief Justiciar of West & South Wales, 

June 24, 1316; 
Justice in the diocese of St. David's, Jan. 13, 

i3 J 7 ; 
Seneschal of Aquitaine, Feb. 28, 1320; 
succ. as 7th Baron Berkeley, July 23, 1321 ; 

m. (1) Eva, d. of Eitdo la Zoitclie, &> sister 
of William, Lord Zouche of Haryngworth ; 
(d. Dec. 5, 13 14); 

;//. (2) Lady Lsabcl de Clare, d. of Gilbert, Earl 
of Gloucester ; 

d. May 31, 1326. 




From his effigy. After J. Carter, 
(1784)- 



' Bar.iere o vermeille 



R. 


Pat. 1, 


m. 


24. 


R. 


Scotia?, 


m. 


4- 


R. 


Scot. 


m. 


4- 


R. 


Orig. 13 


R. 


Gros. 


Fin. 16. 


R. 


Vase. 


m. 


12. 



1300. 

cum sane 
Croissillie o un chevron blanc 
Ou un label de azur avoit 
Force q' ces peres vivoit.' 

Siege of Carlaverock, p. 58- 



BERKELE Y. 



171 




1326. Thomas de Berkeley III., son of Maurice III. (1) : Baron Berkeley 

of Berkeley. 

B. before 1307 ; 

Knight, [1322]; 

succ. as 8th Baron Berkeley, May 31, 1326; 

Joint Custodian of King Edward II., April 4, 

Joint Guardian of the Peace in cos. Gloucester, 

Wilts, Oxford, Berks, Hants, Somerset, 

Dorset, and Hereford, 1327; 
Commissioner to treat with Scotland, 1328; 
summ. to Parlt, June 14, 1329; 
Chief Warden of the Ports & Coasts of co. 

Gloucester, & cos. Worcester & Hereford, 

May 6, 1336; 
Marshal of the English Army, (France), 1340; 
Captain in the Marches towards Scotland, 

[June 2], 1342; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests South of Trent, Aug. 25, 1345; 
Joint Administrator & Curator of the Dominions 

of the Prince of Wales, June 2, 1346; 
Commander in the English Army, (Cregi), 

Aug. 26, 1346; 
Joint Warden, cos. Gloucester & Hereford, 

June 14, 1352; 
Ambassador to the Pope, (Innocent VI.), 

July 5, 1361; 

111. (1) Margaret, Countess of Oxford, 4th d. of 
Crest— A mitre, in profile, Roger, \st Earl of March; (d. May 5, 1337); 

charged with the Arms of l/L i 2 \ Catherine (Clivedon), widow of Sir Peter 

Kfrkft pv 

k Veel, May 30, 1347; 
Supporters— Two mermaids. 

Seal, (1327). d. Oct. 27, 1361. 



1361. Maurice de Berkeley IV., son of Thomas III. (1): Baron Berkeley 

of Berkeley. 

B. 1329; 
Knight, 1337; 
z 2 



Barons. 



From his effigy. After J. Carter, 
(1784). 



1355. — 'Tuncvivens decrepi- 
tus.' — Galfridus le Ba- 
ker, Chron. p. 230. 



Feed. ii. 704. 



R. 


Scot. 


in. 


25- 


R. 


Scot. 


in. 


10. 


R. 


Fin. 


m. 


12. 


R. 


pat..2, 


m 


3°' 



R. Franc, 
m. 2. 



172 



BERKELE Y. 



' Un jeune& appert chevalier.' 
— Froissart, III., p. 219. 



' Dignus illustribus parenlibus 
heros.' — Galfridus le 
Baker, Chron. p. 262. 



I3Sl. 



Commander in the ' Middle Guard ' of the 
English Army, (Gascony), i355- r 35 6 ; 

Commander in the English Army, (Poitiers), 
Sept. 19, 1356; 

succ. as 9th Baron Berkeley of Berkeley, 
Oct. 27, 1361; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Hugh, Lord le Despenser, 

1338; 

d. June 8, 1368. 



Thomas de Berkeley IV., son of Maurice IV. : Baron Berkeley of 

Berkeley, Lord Lisle & Tyes. 

B. 1353; 

Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Gloucester, 

Jan. 2, 1376; 
Commander of 100 Men-at-Arms, & 100 Archers, 

(France), 1379; 
Captain to oppose rebels in co. Gloucester, 

July 7, 1 381 j 
summ. to Park, as iotli Baron Berkeley, 

July 16, 1381; 
Commander in English Army, (Scotland), 1385; 
Privy Councillor, [Feb., 1395]; 
Joint Commissioner for deposition of King 

Richard II., Sept. 30, 1399; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in co. Gloucester, 

Oct. 20, 1403; 
Admiral of the West, Nov. 5, 1403; 
Justice of the Peace in cos. Gloucester & Berks, 

Nov. 6, 1403; 
Captain of Brecknock Castle, 1403 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 1, 1404; 
Joint Warden of the Marches of Wales, 1404; 
Councillor of Regency, April 17, 141 5; 
Joint Warden of the Marches of Wales, & cos. 

Hereford & Gloucester, June 16, 1415; 

m. Margaret Warren, d. c> //. of Gerard, Lord 
Lisle ; 

d. July 13, 1416. 




From the Brass at Wotton-under- 
Edge : (after Hollis). 



Barons. 

Le Baker, 
230. 
Ibid. 262. 



R. Franc, 
m. 8. 



R. pat. 1, d. 



Acts Pr. C. 
1. 238. 

R. Pari, 
iii. 424. 

R. pat. 1, d. 
Pat. 1, m. iS. 

Ibid. d. 



R. 


Pari. 




111 


53°- 




Acts Pr. 


c. 


11. 


157- 




R. 


pat. 


dors 



BERKELE V. 



173 



1421. James de Berkeley, nephew of Thomas IV. : Baron Berkeley of 

Berkeley. 

B. before 1404; 

succ. as nth Baron Berkeley, July 13, 1416; 
Knight, (by King Henry VI.), May 19, 1426; 
Joint Commissioner to repress felonies, & ad- 
minister oaths, in co. Gloucester, May 1, 

1434; 
Justice of the Peace in co. Gloucester, Jan. 28, 

1435 ; 

m. (1; d. of Humphrey Stafford, of 

Hoke, co. Dorset; 
m. (2) Isabel, dowager Lady Ferrers, eldest d. of 

Thomas Mowbray, \st Duke of Norfolk, 

1424; (d. Sept. 29, 1452;) 

m. (3) Lady Joan Talbot, d. of John, 1st Earl of 

Shrewsbury ; 

d. Nov., 1463. 



Barons. 



1463. William de Berkeley, son of James (2) : Marquis of Berkeley, 

Earl of Nottingham, Viscount & Baron Berkeley, 
& Baron Mowbray, Segrave, & Breuse of 
Gower, Lord of Catherlagh, in Ireland 

B. 1425; 

Page to Cardinal Beaufort, about 1438; 

Knight, (at Calais), 1439; 

succ. as 1 2th Baron Berkeley, Nov., 1463; 

Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Gloucester, 

March 26, 1470; 
cr. Viscount Berkeley, April 21, 1481; 
Privy Councillor, [March 5, 1483]; 
cr. Earl of Nottingham, June 28, 1483; 
Joint Commissioner for office of Lord High 

Steward of England, Oct. 19, 1485 ; 
Earl Marshal of England for Coron. of King 

Henry VII., Oct. 19, 1485; 
Bearer of the Third Sword, Coron. of King 

Henry VII., Oct. 30, 14853 



I.eland, Coll. 
ii. 490. 

R pat. 2, 
m. 26. 

R. pat. dors. 



Dugd. i. 364. 
Ibid. 



R. pat. 
m. 10, d. 



R. pat. m. 2. 



Pat. 2 m. 17. 



Rutland Pre. 
p. n. 



1/4 



BERKELEY. 



Earl Marshal of England, Feb. 19, i486 ; 
Marshal of the King's Bench, & Marshal of the 

Exchequer, Feb. 19, i486; 
a Justice of ' Oyer & Terminer ' in the City of 

London, July 5, i486 ; 
Joint Commissioner for office of Lord High 

Steward of England, Coron. of Queen 

Elizabeth of York, Nov. 9, 14S7 ; 
Chief Commissioner to muster Archers in co. 

Gloucester, Dec. 23, 1488; 
Privy Councillor; 

cr. Marquis of Berkeley, Jan. 28, 1489 ; 
Earl Marshal & Hereditary Earl Marshal of 

England, Feb. 17, 1490; 

m. (1) Elizabeth West, d. of Reginald, 6th Lord 
Delawarr ; {divorced) ; 

in. (2) Joan, widow of Sir William Willoughby, 
d. of Sir Thomas Strangways, [1477] ; 
(d. Feb. 24, 1484); 

m. (3) Anne, d. of Richard, Lord Dacre of 

Hurstmonceaux ; 

d. Feb. 14, 1492. 



1492. Maurice de Berkeley V., brother of William : Baron Berkeley of 

Berkeley. 

B. before 1452 ; 

Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Gloucester, 

April 26, 147 1 ; 
Knight of the Body to King Edward IV. ; 
succ. (de jure), as Baron Berkeley of Berkeley, 

Feb. 14, 1492 ; 
but was never summoned to Parliament ; 

///. Lsabel, d. of Philip Mead, Esq., Alderman of 
Bristol, [Dec. 10, 14S7]; 

d. 1506. 



Marquis. 
Pat. 3, m. 27. 



Ibid. 



Pat. 3, m. 17. 



Leland, Coll. 
iv. 216. 

Pat. m. 20, d. 



R. pat. 



R. pat. 1, d. 



ic22. Maurice de Berkeley VI., son of Maurice V. : Baron Berkeley. Baron. 



B. before 1489 ; 

Knight of the Bath, June 23, 1509; 
Sheriff, co. Gloucester, Nov. 14, 1509; 
Keeper of the Forests of Kingswood & 

Fyhvood, & Steward of the Lordship of 

Portbury, July 20, 151 1 ; 
Knight of the Body to King Henry VIII., 1512; 
Joint Commissioner to review the Army going 

to Spain, May, 151 2 ; 
Marshal of the Army, (for Spain), [June 18], 

i5 12 ; 
Keeper of Sodbury Park, co. Gloucester, 

Jan. 21, 1513; 
Captain in the King's Army, (France), June- 

Oct, 1513; 
Sheriff, co. Gloucester, 15 15-15 16; 
Sheriff, cos. Leicester & Warwick, Nov. 10, 15 16; 
Joint Commissioner to inquire into demolitions 

& enclosures in cos. Hereford, Worcester, 

& Gloucester, May 28, 151 7; 
Lieutenant of the Castle of Calais, Oct. 19, 1520; 
Member of the Council of Calais, [June 3, 

i5 22 ]; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Berkeley, April, 



1522 



Aug., 



Captain in the English Army, (France), 

i5 2 3; 

;//. Catherine, d. of Sir William Berkeley, K/iL, 

of Stoke- Giffard ; 

d. Sept. 12, 1523. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. f. 68. 
S. P. 664. 



S. P. 1815. 
Dugd. i. 367. 

S. P. 3173. 

S. P. 3231. 

S. P. 3673- 
S. P. 4237. 

S. P. II20. 

S. P. 2533. 



Pat. 2, 
m. 6, d. 
S. P. 1027. 



S. P. 2301. 



Chron. Ca- 
lais, p. 32. 

S, P. 3288. 



d^^^^S^d^^/Pf 



176 



BERKELE Y. 



1523- 



*533- 



1534- 



Thomas de Berkeley V., brother of Maurice VI. : Baron Berkeley. 

B. before 1493 ; 

Captain, English Army in the North, 15 13 ; 

Knight, (by Earl of Surrey), Sept. 9, 1513 ; 

Sheriff, co. Gloucester, 1523; 

succ. as 15th Baron Berkeley, Sept. 12, 1523 ; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Gloucester ; 

vi. (1) Eleanor {Mrs. Ingelby),d. of Sir Marma- 

duke Constable, Knt. ; 
m. (2) Cecily, Mrs. Row don ; 

d. Jan. 22, 1533. 



Thomas de Berkeley VI., son of Thomas V., (2) : Baron Berkeley 

of Berkeley. 

B. before 15 13 ; 

succ. as 1 6th Baron Berkeley, Jan. 22, 1533; 
Constable of Berkeley Castle, March 8, 1533 ; 
Keeper of Berkeley Park, & Master of the 
Game, March 8, 1533; 

;;.'. ( 1 ) Mary, d. of George, Lord Hastings ; 
in. (2) Anne, d. of Sir John Savage, Knt., of 
Frodsham, co. Chester • 

d. Sept. 19, 1534. 



Henry de Berkeley, son of Thomas VI., (2): Baron Berkeley 

of Berkeley, Mowbray, Segrave, & Breuse of 
Gower. 

B. Nov. 24, 1534; 

succ. as 17th Baron Berkeley, Nov. 24, 1534; 

Knight of the Bath, Sept. 29, 1553 ; 

took his seat, Jan. 25, 1558; 

Joint Commissioner of Musters in co. 

Gloucester, 1569 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. & city of Gloucester, 

Aug. 13, 1603; 



Barons. 



MS. Claud. 

C. iii. 

S. P. 2667. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 20. 



Ibid. 



Dom. li. 3. 
Pat. 12, d. 



1613. George Berkeley 



Motto • 



Dieu SOIT 
NOUS. 



AVEC 



Keeper of Kingswood & Filhvood Forests ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Gloucester & Warwick; 

///. (1) Catherine Howard, 3rd d. of Henry, 
Earl of Surrey ; (d. April 7, 1596); 

vi. (2) yane, dowager-Lady Townshend, d. of 
Sir Michael Stanhope, Kni., March 10, 1598; 

d. Nov. 16, 1613. 



/fo*v££f*l*8*&i 




I., grandson of Henry : Baron Berkeley of 
Berkeley, Mowbray, Segrave, & Breuse of Gower. 

B. 1 60 1 ; 

succ. as 18th Baron Berkeley, Nov. 26, 1613 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Nov. 4, 1616; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, July 18, 1623; 

Member of the Council of Wales, May 12, 1633 ; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Gloucester; 

111. Elizabeth, 2nd d. 6° co-h. of Sir Michael 
Stanhope, Knt., April 13, 16 14; 

d. Aug. 10, 1658. 



Barons. 



Walkley, 

ia6. 




VOL. I. 



A A 



i 7 S 



BERKELEY. 



1658. 



George Berkeley II., 2nd son of George I. : Earl of Berkeley, 

Viscount Dursley, Baron Berkeley of Berkeley, 
Mowbray, Segrave, & Breuse of Gower. 

B. 1627 ; 

succ. as 19th Baron Berkeley, Aug. 10, 1658; 

a Commissioner of the Militia for co. Surrey, 

March 8, 1660; 
One of the six Peers deputed to invite the 

return of King Charles II., May 3, 1660; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Gloucester, 1660- 

June 22, 1689 ; 
Keeper of the House, Gardens, and Parks of 

Nonsuch, Dec. 11, 1660; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Middlesex, 1661 ; 
F.R.S., May 20, 1663; 
a Commissioner of the Board of Trade, April, 

1669 ; 
One of the Council, Royal Society, [1674]; 
Privy Councillor, July 17, 1678; 
cr. Viscount Dursley, & Earl of Berkeley, 

Sept. n, 1679 ; 
Master of the Trinity House, [1681J; 
Assistant of the Trinity House, July 8, 1685 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 31, 1685; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Surrey, June 22, 1689 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Jan. 17, 1687 ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. on co-h. of John Afassingberd, 
Esq., [1648] ; 

d. Oct. 10, 1698. 




After a painter unknown. 



Motto— Virtute non vi. 




Earl. 



Journals, H. 
of C. vii. 876. 



Journals, H. 
of L. xi. 12. 



Pat. 



Pat. 



Charter. 



Pat. 



BERKELE Y. 



179 



16S9. Charles Berkeley, son of George II. : Earl of Berkeley, Viscount 

Dursley, Baron Berkeley of Berkeley, Mowbray, 
Segrave, & Breuse of Gower. 

B. April 8, 1649 > 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Knight of the Bath, April 18, 1661 ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 28, 1663; 

F.R.S., Nov. 21, 1667; 

M. P., Gloucester, 1679-1681; 

st. Viscount Dursley, 1679-1698; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Gloucester, June 22, 
1689 ; 

Envoy Extraordinary to Madrid, May, 1689; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Berkeley of Berke- 
ley, July 11, 1689 ; 

Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipotentiary 
to the Hague, Aug., 1689-1695 ; 

Privy Councillor, May 3, 1694; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Gloucester & city of 
Bristol, May 25, 1694; 

High Steward of the city of Gloucester, 1695 > 

Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, June 18, 1697; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Berkeley, Oct. 10, 1698; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Surrey, Feb. 18, 1699 ; 

One of the Lords Justices of Ireland, Aug. 22, 
1699-Dec. 28, 1700 ; 

Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, & Warden of 
the Forest of Dean, June 7, 1 702 ; 

m. Hon. Elizabeth Noel, ^th d. of Baptist, 2nd 
Viscount Campden (3) ; 

d. Sept. 24, 1 710. 




From a drawing in the Suther- 
land Col ection, (Bodl. Lib.). 



1704. — 'A short fat man.'- 
J. MACKY, p. 97. 




A A 2 



Earl. 



Walker, 
p. 46. 



Rat. 
Signet Lk. 



Signet Bk. 



Pat. 



Pat. 
Pat. 



i8o 



BERKELEY. 




1710. James Berkeley II., 2nd son of Charles: Earl of Berkeley, Viscount 

Dursley, Baron Berkeley of Berkeley, Mowbray, 
Segrave, & Breuse of Cower. 

B. before 1680 ; 

st. Viscount Dursley, 1699-17 10 ; 
Captain, Royal Navy, April 2, 1701 ; 
M.P., Gloucester, 1 701-1702 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Berkeley of Berke- 
ley, March 5, 1705 ; 
Rear Admiral of the Red, Jan., 1708 ; 
Vice Admiral of the Blue, Jan. 26, 1708 ; 
Vice Admiral of the White, [1 709] ; 
Vice Admiral of the Red, Nov. 14, 1709 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Berkeley, Sept. 24, 1710; 
High Steward of Gloucester, Sept. 28, 17 10 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Surrey, Nov. 21, 17 10; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Gloucester & city of 

Bristol, Nov. 30, 1710-March, 171 1 ; 
Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, & Warden of 

the Forest of Dean, Nov. 27, 171 1 ; 
Vice Admiral of the Red, (to command in the 

Channel), Aug. 9, 1714; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George I., 

Oct. 18, 1714-1727 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Gloucester, Oct. 21, 17 14; 
Vice Admiral, co. Gloucester, April 9, 17 15 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 16, 1 7 1 7 ; 
First Lord of the Admiralty, April 30, 17 17- 

Aug. 2, 1727 ; 
Vice Admiral of Great Britain, March 21, 

1718; 
K.G., March 31, 1718; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, May 9- 

Nov. 14, 1 719 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, June 15- 

Nov. 10, 1720 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, June 1, 1725- 

Jan. 3, 1726; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, June 3-11, 

1727; 



Earl. 



After Sir G. Kneller. 



Luttrell, 
vi. 254. 
Comm. Bk.7. 



Coram. Bk.o. 



Pat. 4. 



Pat. 4. 



Pat. 2. 



Comm. Bk. 



Appmt. Bk. 
257- 



Mini. Bk. 
viii. 



' Rough, proud, hard, & ob- 
stinate.' — Lord Hervey, 
Mew., I., 49. 



Pat. 3. 



BERKELE Y. 



181 



a Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 

George II., Aug. 12, 1727; 
an Elder Brother of the Trinity House ; 
Governor of Gloucester Castle ; 

m. Lady Louisa Lennox, d. of Charles, 1st 
Duke of Richmond, 1 7 1 1 ; 

d. Sept. 2, 1736. 




1736. Augustus Berkeley, son of James II. : Earl of Berkeley, Viscount 

Dursley, Baron Berkeley of Berkeley, Mowbray, 
Segrave, & Breuse of Gower. 

B. Feb. 18, 1716; 

st. Viscount Dursley, 17 16-1736 ; 

Ensign, ' Coldstream ' Regt. of Foot Guards, 
Oct. 30, 1734; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Berkeley, Sept. 2, 1736 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Gloucester, April 21, 1737-Feb. 14, 1755; 

Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, & Warden of 
the Forest of Dean, April 26, 1737- 
Feb. 14, 1755 ; 

Captain & Lieut. -Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of 
Foot Guards, June 30, 1737 ; 

K.T., June 9, 1739 ; 

Colonel in the Army, Oct. 4, 1745 ; 

Colonel, new (Gloucestershire) Regt. of Foot, 
Oct. 4, 1 745 ; 

High Steward of Gloucester ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Henry Drax, Esq., of Charl- 

borough, co. Dorset, May 7, 1 744 ; 

d- Jan., 1755. 



Earls. 
Gaz. 



Comm. nk. 



Pat. 



Pat. 



1755- Frederick Augustus Berkeley, son of Augustus : Earl of Berke- 
ley, Viscount Dursley, & Baron Berkeley of 
Berkeley. 

B. May 24, 1745 ; 

st. Viscount Dursley, i 745-1755 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Berkeley, Jan., 1755 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Gloucester, July 2, 1766 ; 
Constable of St Briavel's Castle, & 'Warden of 

the Forest of Dean, July 5, 1766 ; 
High Steward of Gloucester, Aug. 19, 1766 ; 
Colonel, Gloucestershire Regt. of Militia, July, 

1768; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), July 2, 

1779; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), March 14, 

1794; 
///. Mary, d. of William Cole, of Wooton, co. 
Gloucester ; 

d. Aug. 8, 1 8 10. 



Arms— Gules, a cheveron between 9 crosses patee argent, 5 in chief, & 4 in base. 

Crest — A mitre, charged with the Arms of Berkeley. 

Supporters — Two lions argent, the sinister ducally crowned, plain collared, & 
line reflexed over the back or. 

Motto— Dieu avec nous. 



Earl. 



BERKSHIRE. 



**3 



BERKSHIRE. 

NORREYS. 

1621. Francis Norreys, grandson of Henry, 1st Lord Norreys : Earl of 

Berkshire, Viscount Thame, & Baron Norreys 
of Rycote. 

B. July 6, 1579; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Norrevs of Rycote, July, 

1601 ; 
summ. to Parlt., Oct. 17, 1601 ; 
Knight of the Bath, Jan. 6, 1605 ; 
Lord Attendant on the Ambassador to Spain, 

March 28-June 29, 1605 ; 
cr. Viscount Thame, & Earl of Berkshire, 

Jan. 28, 162 1 ; 

m. Lady Bridget Vere, 2nd d. of Edward, 1 7/// 
Earl of Oxford ; 

killed himself, Jan. 29, 1623. 

Arms— Quarterly argent, & gules fiettee or, over all a fess azure. 
Crept— On a wreath, a falcon volant sable. 
Supporters— Two beavers proper. 
Motto— Loyalment je serve. 

+ + + 



HOWARD. 

1626. Thomas Howard, 2nd son of Thomas, 1st Earl of Suffolk (2) : Earl 

of Berkshire, Viscount Andover, & Baron 
Howard of Charlton. 

B. before 1594 ; 
educ. Cambridge ; 
Knight of the Bath s Jan. 6, 1605 ; 
Joint Lieutenant of Braydon Forest, Wilts, May, 
1607 ; 



Eai;lB. 



YVa'kley, 

125. 

Win wood, 
ii. 50. 



Walkley, 
126. 



Dom. xxv^i. 



184 



BERKSHIRE. 




From a drawing in the Suther- 
land Collection, (Bodl. Lib.). 



Master of the Horse to Charles, Prince of Wales, 

May 18, 1614-Dec., 1619 ; 
cr. Baron Howard of Charlton, & Viscount 

Andover, Jan. 23, 1622 ; 
Master of the Horse to Charles, Prince of 

Wales, 1 622-1 625 ; 
K.G., May 15, 1625 ; 
cr. Earl of Berkshire, Feb. 7, 1626 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. & city of Oxford, 

Feb. 7, 1628 ; 
High Steward of Oxford ; 
Joint Keeper of the Manor and Park of Ewelme, 

Constable of Wallingford Castle, Steward 

& Master of the Game in the Honour of 

Wallingford, May 25, 1632 ; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, Aug. 31, 1636 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 29, 1639 5 
Joint Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 

(Ripon), Sept., 1640 ; 
Governor to Charles, Prince of Wales, 1643- 

1646 ; 
Councillor to the Prince of Wales, Jan. 2 3, 1645; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

II., 1660 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 31, 1660 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, July 30, 

1660-July 6, 1662 ; 
High Steward of Wallingford ; 

m. Elizabeth Cecil, d. of William, Lord Bur- 
leigh, May [26], 1614; 

d. July 16, 1669. 



Earl. 
Pat. 14. 



Dom. xcii. 
20. 



Wood, ii„ 
491. 



Balfour, 
ii. 411. 



MS. Dugd. 
M. 1. 



Pat. 



BERKSHIRE. 



185 



1669. Charles Howard, son of Thomas I. : Earl of Berkshire, Viscount 

Andover, & Baron Howard of Charlton. 

B. 1615; 

Knight of the Bath, Feb. 1, 1626 ; 

st. Viscount Andover, i 626-1 669 ; 

M.P., Oxford, 1640; 

Joint High Steward of the Honour of Ampthill, 

Feb. 24, 1640 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Howard of Charlton, 

Nov. 18, 1640 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Venice, [April 5], 

1642 ; (rrt'oked) ; 
Serjeant-Major of a Division of Horse, (Royal 

Army), [July], 1643 5 
Governor of Salisbury, Oct. 3, 1643 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

II., [1658V1660; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Berkshire, July 16, 

1669; 
;//. DorotJiy, 2nd d. of Thomas, 1st Viscount 

Savage, April 10, 1637; 

d. April, 1679. 



1679. Thomas Howard II., brother of Charles : Earl of Berkshire, Vis- 
count Andover, & Baron Howard of Charlton. 

B. (about) 16 16 ; 

st. Hon. Thomas Howard ; 

M.P., Wallingford, 1640-1646 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Royal Army), 

Sept. 9, 1643 ; 
Brigadier of Horse, do., ; 

Clerk of the Markets of the Household, Aug. 20, 

1661 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Berkshire, April, 1679; 

;;/. (1) Frances, d. of Sir Richard Harrison, Knt., 

of Hurst ; 
vi. (2) d. of Sir Thomas Parker, Knt., 



Earls. 



Walkley, 
128. 



Willis, iii. 
234. 

R. pat. 



Pr. Seal. 



Warb. ii. 
255. 

MS. Dugd. 
M. 1. 



Willis, iii. 



MS. Dugd. 
M. 1. 



Dom. xl. 



of Willington ; 



d. April 12, 1706. 



vol. 1. 



B B 



r86 



BERKSHIRE. 



1706. Henry Bowes Howard, great-nephew of Thomas II. : Earl of Berk- 
shirk, Viscount Andover, & Baron Howard of 
Charlton. 

B. (about) r686 ; 

st. Henry Bowes Howard, Esq., [1706] ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Berkshire, April 12, 1706 ; 
Deputy Earl Marshal of England, Nov. 12 

1718-May 13, 1725 ; 
succ. as nth Earl of Suffolk, April 22, 1745; 

vi. Catharine, d. of Colonel James Graham, 
March 5, 1709 ; 

see title Suffolk. 



Earl. 



Arms — Quarterly, 1, Gules, a bend between 6 cross crosslets fitchee argent, on the 
bend an escutcheon or, charged with a demi-lion within a double tressure, & 
pierced through the mouth with an arrow, all gules, (Howard) ; 2, Gules, 3 
lions passant or, a label of 3 argent, (Thomas of Brotherton) ; 3, Cheeky 
or & azure, (WARENNE) ; 4, Gules, a lion rampant argent, (Mowbray) : a 
crescent sable on a crescent or, for difference. 

Crest — On a rhapeau gules turned up with ermine, a lion statant with tail ex- 
tended or, crowned, & gorged with a label of 3 argent, 2 crescents, as above, 
for difference. 

Supporters — Two lions argent, each charged on the breast with crescents, as above. 

Motto— Non quo sed quando. 



BER WICK. 



187 



BERWICK. 

FIJZ-JAMES. 

16S7. James Fitz- James, nat. son of King James II. : Duke of Berwick, 

Earl of Tynemouth, & Baron of Bosworth. 

B. Aug. 2i, 1670 ; 

educ. Colleges of Tully, Plessis, & La Fleche ; 

St. Mr. Fitz-james, 1685-16S7 ; 

Colonel, 8th ('Princess Anne of Denmark's') 

Regt. of Foot, Nov. 1, 1686 ; 
cr. Baron of Bosworth, Earl of Tynemouth, & 

Duke of Berwick, March 19, 1687 ; 
Colonel, Cuirassier Regt. of Taafe, (Imperial 

Army), 16S7 ; 
Major-General, (Imperial Army), 1687 , 
Governor of Portsmouth, Dec. 3, 1687; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Hants, Dec. 4, 16S7- 

Dec. 23, 1688 ; 
Constable of Porchester Castle, & Lieutenant 

of the Forest of Southbere, Dec. 24, 1687- 

Dec. 23, 1688 ; 
Colonel, Royal Regt. of Horse Guards, Feb. 4, 

1688; 
K.G., Sept. 28, 1688 ; 
Captain & Colonel, 3rd Troop of Horse Guards, 

Nov. 20-Dec. 23, 1688 ; 




From a French engraving. 



Duke. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 1. 



Memoires, i. 

P- .13- 
Ibid. p. 19. 

Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 100. 



Pat. 



Ibid. 



Major-General, (Ireland), 1689 ; 
Lieutenant-General, July, 1689 ; 
Captain & Colonel, 1st Troop of Irish Horse 

Guards; 
Lieutenant-General in the French Army, 

March 31, 1693 ; 
outlawed, 1695 ; 
Colonel of an Irish Regt. of Foot, (France), 

May 4, 1698 ; 
is b 2 



Mem. p. 59. 



1 88 



BERWICK. 



' Son air froid, un peu sec, & 
meme quelquefois un peu 
severe, faisoit que quelque- 
fois il auroit semble un peu 
deplace dans notre nation.' 
— President de Montes- 
quieu, Eloge, Mimoires dn 
Mare dial de Berwick, I., p. 
xxxix. 

; Avec une figure noble, sa 
taille avantageuse, son air 
froid & serieux lui donnoient 
encore un air severe qui in- 
spiroit le respect, & meme 
une espece de crainte a eux 
qui l'abordoient.' — Mi- 
moires, (Suite), II., p. 398. 



naturalised in France, Dec. 17, 1703 ; 

Captain-General, in Spain, 1704 ; 

Grandee of Spain, Feb., 1704; 

Governor of Provence, 1705 ; 

Marshal of France, Feb. 15, 1706 ; 

Lieutenant-General in Aragon, 1707 ; 

cr. Duke of Liria & Xerica, in Spain, 1707 ; 

Knight of the Golden Fleece, 1707 ; 

Governor of Limousin, 1708; 

cr. Duke of Warti, or Fitz-james, (in France), 

May 23, 1 7 10 ; 
Councillor of Regency, (France), 17 19 ; 
Knight of St. Michael, & Knight of the Holy 

Ghost, (of France), Feb. 2, 1724 ; 
Governor of Strasburg, 1730; 

(1) Ho nor a (de Bnrg/i), dowager- Countess of 
Lucan, d. of William, jt/i Earl of Clanri- 
earde, March 26, 1695; (d. Jan. 16, 1698); 

(2) Anne, d. of Hon. Henry Bulkeley, 
April 18, T700 ; 

killed, June 12, 1734. 



m 



in 




Arms— The royal arms of King James II. : 1 &4, France & England quarterly; 
2, Scotland; 3, Ireland; within a bordure compony gules & azure, the 
first charged with lions of England, the second with fleurs de lys of France. 

Crest— On a chapeau gules turned up with ermine, a dragon passant argent, gorged 
with a collar azure charged with 3 fleurs de lys or. 

SUPPORTERS — Dexter, a unicorn argent, armed or, collared & chained azure, the 
collar charged with 3 fleurs de lys of the second. Siirister, a dragon gules, 
collared & chained or, the collar charged with 3 fleurs de lys azure. 



+ 



+ 



Duke. 



BEVERLEY. 



189 



BEVERLEY. 

PERCY. 

1790. Algernon Percy, 2nd son of Hugh, 1st Duke of Northumberland : 

Earl of Beverley, & Baron Lovaine of Alnwick. 

B. Jan. 21, 1750 j 

st. Lord Algernon Percy, 1 766-1 786 ; 

M.P., co. Northumberland, 1774; 1780; & 

1784-1786 ; 
Colonel, Northumberland Regt. of Militia, 

April 9, 1778-May 17, 1804 ; 
succ. as 2nd Baron Lovaine of Alnwick, 

June 6, 1786 ; 
cr. Earl of Beverley, Nov. 2, 1790; 
a Vice-President of the Middlesex Hospital ; 

tn. Isabella Susannah, 2nd d. of Peter Burrell, 
Esq., June 8, 1775; 

d. Oct. 21, 1830. 



1830. George Percy, son of Algernon : Earl of Beverley, & Baron 

Lovaine of Alnwick. 

B. June 22, 1778 ; 

st. Lord Lovaine, 1790-1S30 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1799; 

M.P., Beeralston, 1799; 1802; 1806; 1807; 

1812 ; 1818; 1820 ; 1826; & 1830; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Northumberland Regt. of 

Militia, March 3, 1804 j 
a Lord of the Treasury, May 16, 1804-Feb. 10, 

1806 ; 
Colonel, Northumberland Regt. of Militia. 

May 17, 1804 ; 
a Commissioner for the Affairs of India, April 6, 

1807-Sept. 8, 18 1 2 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George IV., 

March 23, 182 1 ; 



Earls. 



i (;o 



BEVERLEY. 



Lord of the Bedchamber to King William IV., 

July 24-Dec, 1830 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Beverley, Oct. 21, 1830; 
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Jan. 15, 

1842-July, 1846; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 15, 1842 ; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, 1842 ; 
succ. as 5th Duke of Northumberland, 

Feb. 12, 1865 ; 

m. Louisa Harcourt, yd d. of Hon. James 
Archibald Stuart Wortley Mackenzie, 
June 22, 1 80 1 ; 

see title Northumberland. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., Lovaine & Lucy quarterly, 1 & 4, Or, a lion rampant 
azure, (Lovaine) ; 2 & 3, Gules, 3 lucies or pikes hauriant argent, (Lucy) ; 
II. & in., Azure, 5 lozenges conjoined in fess or, (Percy) : a crescent for 
difference. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules turned up ermine, a li< n statant, tail extended azure. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion azure, with a crescent for difference. Sinister, a 
unicorn argent, armed, unguled, crined, tufted, ducally gorged, with chain re- 
flexed over the back, & charged on the shoulder with a tirret or. 

Motto— Esperance en Dieu. 



Earl. 



+ 



+ 



BIND ON. 



191 



BINDON. 

HOWARD. 

1559. Thomas Howard, 2nd son of Thomas, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (2) : 

Viscount Howard of Bindon. 

B. before 1528; 

st. the Lord Thomas Howard, [1547] ; 

Knight, (by Duke of Somerset), Sept. 25, 1547; 

restored in blood, 1553 ; 

Captain in the Royal Army, Jan., 1554 ; 

cr. Viscount Howard of Bindon, Jan. 13, 1559; 

Vice Admiral, co. Dorset, [1561] ; 

Chief Commissioner of Musters in co. Dorset, 

[Aug.], 1569 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Dorset, [1579] ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Dorset ; 

in. (1) Elizabeth, d. 6° co-h. of John, 2nd Lord 

Marney ; 
m. (2) Gertrude, d. of Sir William Lytc, Knt. ; 
m. (3) Mabel, d. of Nicholas Burton, Esq., of 

Carshalton ; 
in. (4) Margaret, d. of Henry Manning, of 

Greenwich ; 

d. Feb. 14, 1583. 



Viscounts. 
Earl. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 
Ibid. 



Dom. iii. 36. 



Dom. xviii. 

24. 

Dom li. 3. 

MS. Lansd. 
683. 




192 



BIND ON. 



1583. Henry Howard, son of Thomas (1) : Viscount Howard of Bindon. 

B. about 1555; 

st. Henry Howard, Esq., [1575] ; 
succ. as 2nd Viscount Howard of Bindon, 
Feb. 14, 1583 ; 

m. Frances, d. of Sir Peter Mcaittas, KnL, 

[i575]; 

d. 1590. 



1590. Thomas Howard II., brother of Henry 

Bindon. 



Viscount Howard of 



B. about 1560; 

st. Mr. Thomas Howard, [1580] ; 

succ. as 3rd Viscount Howard of Bindon, 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Dorset, 1603 ; 
Keeper of the King's Game in co. Dorset, 

April 16, 1604 ; 
K.G., April 24, 1606 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Dorset & Town of Poole, 

March 3, 1607 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Dorset & Somerset ; 

m. - d. of Duffield, before Jan. 10, 1580; 

d. after Jan. 9, 161 1. 



Arms — Quarterly, I, Gules, a bend between 6 cross crosslets fitchee argent, on the 
bend an escutcheon or, charged with a demi-lion within a double tressure, & 
pierced through the mouth with an arrow, all gules, (Howard) ; 2, Gules, 3 
lions passant or, a label of 3 argent, (Thomas of Brotherton) ; 3, Chequy 
or & azure, (Warenne) ; 4, Gules, a lion rampant argent, (Mowbray) : a 
crescent for difference. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules turned up with ermine, a lion statant with tail extended 
or, crowned, & gorged with a label of 3 argent. 

Supporters — Two lions argent, charged on the shoulder with a crescent. 

Motto— Quod videri vis, esto. 



+ 



+ 



Viscounts. 



Journ. Lds. 
i. 747. 



Dom. 
exxxvi. 3. 



Pat. 14, d. 
Dom. vii. 32. 



BIND ON. I93 


HOWARD. 


Earl. 


1706. Henry Howard, son of Henry, 5th Earl of Suffolk : Earl of Bindon, 




& Baron of Chesterford. 




B. before 1675 ; 




st. Lord Walden, 1 691-1705 ; 




M.P., Arundel, 1695-1698 ; 




Commissary General of the Musters, Feb. 26, 




1697-March, 1707 ; 


Pat. 


M.P., co. Essex, 1705 ; 




Deputy Earl Marshal of England, Aug. 24, 




1706; 




cr. Baron of Chesterford, & Earl of Bindon, 




Dec. 30, 1706 ; 




Privy Councillor, Dec. 18, 1707 ; 


Gaz. 


succ. as 6th Earl of Suffolk, Dec. 9, 1709; 




see title Suffolk. 




Arms— As the Earl of Suffolk, with a label of 3 points for difference. 




VOL. I. C C 


- 



194 



BOLWGBROKE. 



BOLINGBROKE. 

ST. JOHN. 

1628. Oliver St. John III., son of Oliver, 3rd Lord St. John of Bletso : 

Earl of Bolingbroke, & Baron St. John of 
Bletso. 

B. about 1584 ; 

st. Oliver St. John, Esq., [1610] ; 

Knight of the Bath, June 3, 16 10; 

succ. as 4th Baron St. John of Bletso, Sept., 
1618 ; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Huntingdon, 
March 11, 1619-Feb. 28, 1642 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Bedford & Hunt- 
ingdon ; 

cr. Earl of Bolingbroke, Dec. 28, 1628 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Bedford, (on nora. of 
Park.), Feb. 28, 1642 ; 

a Commissioner of the Admiralty, (for the 
Park.), Aug. 16, 1643 5 

Member of the Assembly of Divines, Sept. 1 1, 

1643; 
Joint Commissioner of the Great Seal, (for the 
Park.), Nov. 10, 1643; 

m. Elizabeth, d. <3° //. of William Pallet, Esq.. 
of Ewaldcn, April, 1602 ; 

d. about June, 1646. 




Aftci W. Hollar. 




Earls, 

VlSCOl'NTS. 



Walkley, 
124. 



Pat. p. 12, d. 



Journ. H. of 
C. ii. 459. 

Do. iii. 206 
Ibid. z „6. 
Ibid. 307. 



B0L1NGBR0KE. 



*95 



1646. Oliver St. John V., grandson of Oliver III. : Earl of Bolingbroke, 

& Baron St. John of Bletso. 

B. before 1640 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Bolingbroke, about 
June, 1646 ; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Bedford, 1661 ; 

Joint Commissioner to examine the War Ac- 
counts, Dec. 22, 1666 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Bedford, 1667; 




After A. Diepenbeke. 1657. 



in. Lady Frances Cavendish, yd d. of William, 
Marquis of Newcastle ; 

d. March iS, 1689. 



1689. Paulet St. John, brother of Oliver V. : Earl of Bolingbroke, & 

Baron St. John of Bletso. 

B. before 1642; 

st. Hon. Paulet St. John, Esq., [i663]-i6S9; 
M.P., Bedford, 1663; 1679 ; 1679; & l6Sl '= 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Bolingbroke, March 18, 

1689; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Bedford, July 8, 1689; 
Recorder of Bedford ; 

d. Oct. 5, 1711. 



Arms — Argent, on a chief gules, 2 mullets or. 

Crest — On a wreath argent & gules, a falcon volant or, his bells & tresses of the 
second. 



Supporters — Two marmosets proper, with chains & clogs or. 
Motto— Data fata secutus. 



+ 



+ 



c c 2 



+ 



Earls. 



196 



BOLINGBROKE. 



1712. Henry St. John, son 




After Sir G. Kneller. 



' Of .... a most graceful, 
amiable person. ' — Swift, 
Works, V., p. 268. 

' Le vicomte de Bollinbroke 
s'acquitta de la commission 
dont la Reine sa maitresse 
l'avoit charge, avec autant de 
grace que de noblesse.' — 
Marquis de Torcy, Mi- 
moires, III., p. 403. 

1749. — 'He has had a very 
handsome person, with a 
most engaging address in 
his air & manners : he has 



ST. JOHN. 

of Sir Henry St. John, Bart. : Viscount Boling- 
broke, & Baron St. John of Lidyard Tregoze. 

B. 1672 ; 

st. Henry St. John, Esq., Jun r ., 1690-1708 ; 
educ. Eton, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 
M.P., Wooton- Basset, 1701 ; 1701 ; 1702; 

1705 ; & 1708-1710 j 
One of the Commissioners for taking the Public 

Accounts, March, 1702 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Aug. 27, 1702 ; 
Secretary at War, April 20, 1704-Feb. 14, 1708; 
st. Henry St. John, Esq., 1708-17 10; 
M.P., co. Berks, 17 10-17 12 > 
Secretaiy of State, Sept. 21, 1710-Sept. 17, 

Privy Councillor, Sept. 21, 17 10 ; 

st. Right Hon. Henry St. John, 17 10-17 12; 

cr. Baron St. John of Lidyard Tregoze, & 
Viscount Bolingbroke, July 7, 1 712 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Essex, Oct. 13, 1 713— 
Sept., 1 7 14; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Essex, Oct. 24, 1713- 
Sept, 1 7 14 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Paris, Aug., 1 7 1 2 ; 

Recorder of Harwich ; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse ; 

attainted, Sept. 10, 17 15 ; 

restored in blood, (only), May 31, 1725 ; 

in. (1) Frances, d. &> co-h. of Sir Henry Winch- 
combe, Bart., 1700 ; 

m. (2) Marie Clare (B>es Champs de Maresiliy), 
icidow of the Marquis de Villette, 1 7 1 8 ; 

d. Dec. 12, 1 751. 



Viscount. 



Pat. 



BOLINGBROKE. 



197 




all the dignity & good 
breeding which a man of 
quality should, or can, have.' 
' . . . . All the internal & 
external advantages of an 
orator are undoubtedly his. 
Figure, voice, elocution, 
knowledge.' — Lord Ches- 
terfield, Letters, II., p. 
450. 



Arms— Argent, on a chief gules 2 mullets or, with a label of 3 points on a crescent, 
for difference. 

Crest — On a wreath, a mount vert, & thereon a falcon rising or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a falcon or, gorged with a ducal coronet gules. Sinister, an 
eagle or. 

Motto — Nil admirari. 



1 75 1. Frederick St. John, nephew of Henry : Viscount Bolingbroke, & 

St. John, Baron St. John of Lidyard Tregoze, 
Baron St. John of Battersea, & a Baronet. 

B. 1734; 

succ. as 3rd Viscount St. John, Feb., 1749 ; 

succ. as 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke, Dec. 12, 

I75 1 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

Nov. 22, 1762-July 12, 1765 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

Jan. 5, 1 768-1780. 

in. Lady Diana Spencer, sister of George, 2nd 
Duke of Marlborough, Sept. 9, 1757 j 

d. May 5, 1787. 



1787. George Richard St. John, son of Frederick : Viscount Boling- 
broke, & St. John, Baron St. John of Lidyard 
Tregoze, Baron St. John of Battersea, & a 
Baronet. 

B. March 5, 1761 ; 

st. Hon. George R. St. John, 1761-1787; 
succ. as 3rd Viscount Bolingbroke, May 5, 
1787; 



Viscounts. 



m. (i) Charlotte, d. ofthcRevd. Thomas Collins, 

Feb. 26, 1783 ; 
m. (2) Isabella Charlotte Antoinette Sophia, 

Baroness Hompeseh, Aug. 1, 1804; 

d. Dec. 18, 1824. 



Viscounts. 



1824. Henry St. John II., son of George Richard (1) : Viscount Boling- 

broke, & St. John, Baron St. John of Lidyard 
Tregoze, Baron St. John of Battersea, & a 
Baronet. 

B. March, 1786 ; 

st. Hon. Henry St. John, 1787-1824; 
succ. as 4th Viscount Bolingbroke, Dec. 18, 
1824 ; 

m. Maria, d. of Sir Henry P. St. John Mild- 
may, Bart., June 3, 1812 • 

d. Oct. 1, 1851. 



1851. Henry St. John III., son of Henry II. : Viscount Bolingbroke, & 

St. John, Baron St. John of Lidyard Tregoze, 
Baron St. John of Battersea, & a Baronet. 

B. 1820 ; 

st. Hon. Henry St. John, 1824-1851 ; 

Captain, Wiltshire Regt. of Militia, May 2, 

1842 ; 
succ. as 5th Viscount Bolingbroke, Oct. 1, 

1851J 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Wilts, July 30, i860. 

I 



Arms — Argent, on a chief gules 2 mullets or. 

Crest — On a mount vert a falcon rising or, ducally gorged gules. 

Supporters — Dexter, a falcon, wings displayed or, ducally gorged gules. Sinister, 
an eagle, wings displayed or, charged on the breast with the badge of Tregoze 
— a horse's breast-armour per pale argent & gules, rimmed gold, & charged 
with a crescent sable, thereon a label of 3 points or. 

Motto— Nec qu^erere nec spernere honorem. 



BOLTON. 



199 



BOLTON. 



PA [/LET. 



1689. Chart 




|C^ 



After R. White, engr. 



es Paulet I., son of John, Marquis of Winchester (1) : Duke 
of Bolton, Marquis of Winchester, Earl of 
Wiltshire, & Baron St. John of Basing. 

B. before 1639 '■> 

st. Lord St. John of Basing, [i64o]-i675 ; 
M.P., Winchester, 1660 ; & 1661-1675 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Hants, Dec. 20, 1667— 

March, 1676 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Hants, 1667 ; 
Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, Lynd- 

hurst Park, & Hundred of Redburgh, 

Feb. 19, 1668-March, 1676 ; 
Woodward & Keeper of Chute Forest, & the 

Manors of Odyam & Romsey, Oct., 1669 ; 
succ. as 6th Marquis of Winchester, March 4, 

1675 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1679 ; 

Privy Councillor, Feb. 14, 1689 ; 

a Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 

William HI., & Queen Mary II., March, 

1689; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Hants, 

April 4, 1689 ; 
cr. Duke of Bolton, April 9, 1689 ; 
Lord Warden and Keeper of the New Forest, 

Lyndhurst Park, & Hundred of Redburgh, 

April 13, 1689; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, 1689-1698 ; 

;//. (1) Christian, d. of yo/in (af/erwards) Lord 
.Fretcherille, Feb. 28, 1652; 

m. (2) Mary (Scrope), widow of Henry Carey., 
Esq. ■ 

d. Feb. 26, 1699. 



DUKKS. 



Rat. p. 4. 



Pat. 



Signt Lit. 



Signet Bk. 



Pat. 



Pat. p. 



200 



BOLTON. 



1699. Charles Paulet II., son of Charles I. (2) : Duke of Bolton, Mar- 
quis of Winchester, Earl of Wiltshire, & Baron 
St. John of Basing. 

B. 1661 ; 

st. Earl of Wiltshire, 1675-1689 ; 

M.P., co. Hants, 1681 ; 1685; 1689; 1690; 

& 1695-1698 ; 
st. Marquis of Winchester, 1689-1699; 
Lord Chamberlain to Queen Mary II., Feb. 14, 

1689-Dec. 28, 1694 ; 
Bearer of the Queen's Orb, Coron. of King 

William III. & Queen Mar)', April 11, 

1689; 
Privy Councillor, June 3, 1690 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot ; 
Vice-Admiral, co. Hants, & the Isle of Wight, 

April, 1692 ; 
One of the Lords Justices of Ireland, May 14, 

1697-1699 ; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Bolton, Feb. 26, 1699 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, cos. Hants & Dorset, June 1, 

1699; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Dorset, June 9, 1699 ; 
Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, June 9, 

1699-Sept, 17 10 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Hants, June 10, 1699- 
Sept., 17 10 ; 
a Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital ; 
High Steward of Winchester ; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, April 16, 1705 ; 
a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland, 

April 10, 1706 ; 
Governor of the Isle of Wight, & Carisbroke 

Castle, March 6, 1707 ; 
One of the Lords Justices of Great Britain, 

Aug. i-Sept. 18, 1714 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hants, Aug. 5, 17 14; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Dorset, Oct. 9, 17 14; 



Duke. 



Luttrell, 
ii. 431. 



Pat. 

Pat. 

Pat. 



Gaz. 



Pat. 



Gaz. 



1704- — 'Of low stature, fair 
complexion.' — J. Macky, 
p. 38. 



1722. Charles Paulet 



K.G., Oct. 16, 1 7 14 ; 

Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, Lynd- 
hurst Manor & Park, & the Hundred of 
Redburgh, Nov. 29, 17 14; 

Bailiff of Burley in the New Forest, Dec. 22, 

1714 ; 

Lord Chamberlain of the Household, July 8, 

1715-April 13, 1717 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, April 16, 171 7 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, May 11, 1719; 

;;/. (1) Margaret, only d. of George, Lord 
Coventry, July 7, 1679; (d. Feb., 1682); 

;;/. (2) Frances, d. of William Ramsden, Esq., 
of Byrom, co. York ; (d. Nov. 22, 1696); 

///. (3) Henrietta Crofts, nat. d. of James, Duke 
of Monmouth, 1697 ; 

d. Jan. 21, 1722. 




1714. — 'He is well made.' — 
Baron Bothmar, in Mac- 
plierson, II., p. 642. 



VOL. I. 



III., son of Charles II. (2) : Duke of Bolton, 
Marquis of Winchester, Earl of Wiltshire, Baron 
St. John of Basing, & Paulet of Basing. 

B. (about) 1685 ; 

st. Marquis of Winchester, 1699-1722 ; 

M.P., Lymington, 1705 ; & 1707-1708; 

M.P., co. Hants, 1708-1710; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to George, Prince of 

Wales, 1 7 14; 
Custos B-otulorum, co. Carmarthen, Dec. 1, 

1714; 
M.P., co. Carmarthen, 171 5-1 717; 
Governor of Milford Haven, Jan. 17, 17 15 ; 

D D 



Dukes. 



Pat. 6. 



Pat. 5. 

Appmt. Bk. 
257- 



Pat. 9. 



202 



BOLTON. 




After W. Hogarth. 



1744. — 'Fair, white-wigged 
old gallants, the Duke of 
Bolton,' &c. — Horace 
Walpole, Letters, I., p. 
321. 

1744. — 'The fair, old-fashion- 
ed Duke of Bolton.'— Ibid. 
P- 33 *• 



Steward of the Royal Manors in cos. Carmar- 
then & Cardigan, Jan., 1715 ; 
Vice Admiral, of South Wales, Jan. 24, 17 15 ; 
Chamberlain of Brecknock, &the cos. Brecknock, 

Radnor, & Glamorgan, Feb. 15, 17 16; 
Colonel, Royal Regt. of Horse Guards (' Blue '), 

March 8, 1717-Aug. 7, 1733 ; 
summ. to Park, as Baron Paulet of Basing, 

April 12, 1 7 17 ; 
succ. as 3rd Duke of Bolton, Jan. 21, 1722 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Hants 

& town of Southampton, Jan. 31, 1722- 

Aug. 27, 1733 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Dorset & town of Poole, Jan. 31, 1722- 

Aug. 27, 1733 ; 
Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, of Lynd- 

hurst Park, & the Hundred of Redburgh, 

& Bailiff of Burley, Feb. 8, 1722-1733; 
High Steward of Winchester ; 
K.G., Oct. 10, 1722 ; 
Constable of the Tower of London, May 31, 

1725-Nov. 4, 1726 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, Tower Hamlets, May 31, 1725 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 31, 1725 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, June 1, 1725- 

Jan. 3, 1726 ; 
Governor of the Isle of Wight, Aug. 26, 1726- 

Aug. 27, 1733 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Glamorgan, March 26, 

1729; 
Major-General, July 2, 1739; 
Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 

May 8, 1740-July 13, 1742 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Hants, 

July 19, 1742 ; 
Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, &c, 

July 19, 1742; 
Governor of the Isle of Wight, Aug. 2, 1742 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, May 4-Aug. 
3i, 1745 ; 



Duke. 



Mun. Bk. vi. 



Pat. 3. 



Pat. 3. 



Ibid. 



Ibid. 



Gaz. 



Appmt. Bk. 
95- 



BOLTON. 



203 



Lieutenant-General, May 27, 1745 j 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, Oct. 4, 1745; 

m. (1) Lady Anne Vaughan, d. 6^ h. of John, 
Earl of Carbery, 1 7 1 3 ; (</. Sept. 20, 1 7 5 1 j ; 
m. (2) Lavinia Fenton ; 

d. Aug, 26, 1754. 




1754. Harry Paulet I., brother of Charles III. : Duke of Bolton, Mar- 
quis of Winchester, Earl of Wiltshire, & Baron 
St. John of Basing. 

B. before 1690 ; 

st. Lord Harry Paulet, 1699-1754 ; 

Aide-de-Camp to Lord Galway, (Portugal), 

[17 10]; 
M.P., St. lYes, 1 7 14-1722 ; 
M.P., co. Hants, 1727; 1734; 1741 ; 1747 ; 

& 1754; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince 

of Wales, Feb. 28, 1729; 
a Lord of the Admiralty, June 21, 1733— 

March 19, 1742 ; 
Lieutenant of the Tower of London, June 29, 

1742-Nov. 6, 1754; 
succ. as 4th Duke of Bolton, Aug. 26, 1754 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hants, Nov. 9, 1754; 
Privy Councillor, Jan 9, 1755 ; 

m. Catherine, d. of Charles Parry, Esq., of 

Oakfield, co. Berks ; 

d. Oct. 9, 1759. 



Dukes. 



D D 2 



204 



BOLTON. 



'759- 



Charles Paulet IV., son of Harry I. : Duke of Bolton, Marquis 

of Winchester, Earl of Wiltshire, & Baron St. 
John of Basin 



*g- 



B. (about) 1718 ; 

st. Charles Paulet, Esq., 1 736-1 753 ; 

M.P., Lymington, 1743 ; 1747 ; & 1 754-1 755; 

Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, May r, 1745; 

K.B., Aug. 27, 1753 ; 

Lieutenant of the Tower of London, Nov. 6, 

i7S4-i76o ; 
st. Marquis of Winchester, 1754-1759 ; 
M.P., co. Hants, i755-!759 i 
Vice Admiral, co. Dorset, Jan. 1, 1759 3 
succ. as 5th Duke of Bolton, Oct. 9, 1759 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hants, Oct. 25, 1759-June 1, 1763; 
Bearer of the Queen's Crown, Coron. of King 

George III., Sept. 22, 1761 ; 
Privy Councillor ; 

Colonel, North Hants Regt. of Militia, [1762] ; 
Brigadier, Hants Militia, Jan. 13, 1762; 

d. July 5, 1765. 



1765. Harry Paulet II., brother of Charles IV. ; Duke of Bolton, Mar- 
quis of Winchester, Earl of Wiltshire, & Baron 
St. John of Basing ; Premier Marquis of 
England. 

B. 1719; 

st. Harry Paulet, Esq., 1737— 1754 ; 
Midshipman, R.N.; 
Lieutenant, March 9, 1739; 
Commander, July 15, 1740; 
Post Captain, {p.d.) July 15, 1740; 
st. Lord Harry Paulet, 1 754-1 765 ; 
M.P., Lymington, 1754 j & 1757-1762 ; 
Rear Admiral of the Blue, June 4, 1756 ; 
Rear Admiral of the White, • 1757; 
Commander-in-Chief in the Downs, & at the 
Nore, 1757; 



Dukes. 



BOLTON. 



205 



Rear Admiral of the Red, Feb. 7, 1758 ; 

Vice Admiral of the White, Dec. 9, 1760 ; 

M.P., Winchester, 1762-1765; 

succ. as 6th Duke of Bolton, July 5, 1765 ; 

Privy Councillor, Dec. 10, 1766 ; 

Governor & Captain of the Isle of Wight, & 

Carisbroke Castle, Dec. 23, 1766-Feb., 

1780; 
Vice Admiral, cos. Hants & Dorset, Jan. 19, 

1767; 
Admiral of the Blue, Oct. 18, 1770 ; 
Admiral of the White, March 31, 1775 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hants, April 6, 1782 ; 
Governor & Captain of the Isle of Wight, & 

Constable of Carisbroke Castle, April 6, 

1782; 

m. (1) Henrietta, d. of Nunn, Esq., of 

Elf ham, 1752 ; (d. 1764); 

m. (2) Catherine LowtJier, sister of James, 1st 
Earl of Lonsdale, April, 1765 ; 

d. Dec. 25, 1794. 




Arms — Sable, 3 swords in pile, their points towards the base argent, the pommels 
& hilts or, a crescent for difference. 

Crest — On a wreath, a mount vert, from whence a falcon rising or, gorged with a 
ducal coronet gules. 

Supporters — Two hinds purpure, semee of estoiles argent, gorged with a ducal 
coronet or. 

Motto— Ay.mez loyaulte. 



+ 



Duke. 



2o6 


BRADFORD. 




BRADFORD. 


Earls. 




NEWPORT. 




1694. Francis Newport, 


son of Richard, 1st Lord Newport : Earl of 
Bradford, Viscount Newport of Bradford, & 
Baron Newport of High Ercal. 

B. Feb. 23, 1620 ; 

st. Francis Newport, Esq., 1638-165 1; 






M.P., Shrewsbury, 1640; & 1640-1646 ; 


Willis, iii. 




succ. as 2nd Baron Newport of High Ercal, 


234. 248. 




Feb. 5, 165 1 j 






Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 






Salop, July 26, 1660; 


Pat. 




Governor of Shrewsbury Castle, [1662] ; 


Dom. 




Comptroller of the Household, June, 1668; 






Privy Councillor, July 1, 1668; 






Treasurer of the Household, Nov. 28, 1672- 






Feb. 9, 1687 ; 


Salmon, 161. 




cr. Viscount Newport of Bradford, March 11, 






1675 ; 






Councillor to the Queen Dowager, (Katharine of 






Braganza), [1687]; 


Angl. Not. 




Treasurer of the Household, Feb. 14, 1689- 


Gaz. 




Sept. 19, 1708 ; 






Privy Councillor, Feb. 14, 1689 ; 


Ibid. 




Housekeeper of Ludlow Castle, April 29, 1689; 


Establ. 

T>], 




Cofferer of the Household, [May], 1689; 


r>k. 211. 
Signet Bk. 




Lord Lieutenant, co. Salop, June 11, 1689- 




1704. — 'Hath been a very 
handsome man.' — J. Mac- 


Nov., 1704; 
cr. Earl of Bradford, May 11, 1694; 


Pat. 


ky, p. 58. 


a Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital ; 

m. Lady Diana Russell, 4th d. of Francis, 4I/1 
Earl of Bedford ; (d. Jan. 30, 1695) ; 






d. Sept. 19, 1708. 





1708. Richard Newport, son of Francis : Earl of Bradford, Viscount 

Newport of Bradford, & Baron Newport of High 
Ercal. 

B. before 1641 ; 

st. Hon. Richard Newport, 1651-1694; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

M.P., co. Salop, 1661; 1679; 1679; 1681; 

1689 ; 1690 ; & 1695-1698 ; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 12, 1661 ; 
st. Lord Newport, 1694-1708; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Salop, Nov., 1704-May 10, 

1712; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Bradford, Sept. 19, 1708; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Salop, Oct. 18, 1708- 

May 12, 1 7 12 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Salop, Nov. 10, 1 7 14 ; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 22, 1714; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Montgomery, Dec. 9, 

m. Mary, d. 6° co-h. of Sir Thomas Wilbrahavi, 
Bart. ; 

d. June 14, 1723. 



1723. Henry Newport, son of Richard : Earl of Bradford, Viscount New- 
port of Bradford, & Baron Newport of High 
Ercal. 

B. before 1683 ; 

st. Henry Newport, Esq., [1703] ; 

M.P., Bishops Castle, 1 703-1 708; 

st. Lord Newport, 1 708-1 723 ; 

M.P., co. Salop, 1708-1710; 1713; & 1715- 

1722 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Stafford, Sept. 27, 1715-April 27, 1724 ; 
Colonel, Shrewsbury Regt. of Artillery Militia, 

[1718JJ 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Bradford, June 14, 1723; 



Earls. 



Signet Bk. 

Pat. p. 4. 

Pat. 
Gaz. 
Ibid. 



Gaz. 



208 



BRADFORD. 



Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Salop, May 5, 1724 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Montgomery, May 5, 

1724 ; 

d. Dec. 26, 1734. 



1734. Thomas Newport II., brother of Henry : Earl of Bradford, Viscount 

Newport of Bradford, & Baron Newport of 
High Ercal. 

B. before 1690; 

st. Hon. Thomas Newport, Esq. ; 
succ. as 4th Eail of Bradford, Dec. 26, 1734; 

d. April 18, 1762. 

Arms — Argent, a chevron gules, between 3 leopards faces sable. 

Crest — On a wreath, a unicorn's head erased gules, armed & gorged with a ducal 
coronet or. 

Supporters — Two leopards gardant, proper. 

Motto— Ne supra modum sapere. 



T 



+ 



+ 



BRIDGEMAN. 

1794. Henry Bridgeman, nephew of Thomas: Baron Bradford of Brad- 
ford, & a Baronet. 

B. Sept. 7, 1725; 

succ. as 5th Baronet, July 25, 1764 ; 

M.P., Wenlock, 1768; 1774; 1780; 1784; 

& 1 790-1 794 ; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 3, 1769 ; 
cr. Baron Bradford of Bradford, Aug. 13, 

1794; 
7)i. Elizabeth d. 6° //. of John Simpson, Esq., 

July 12, 1755; 

d. June 5, 1800. 



Earls. 
Baron. 



BRADFORD. 



209 



1800. Orlando Bridgeman, son of Henry : Earl of Bradford, Viscount New- 
port, Baron Bradford of Bradford, & a Baronet. 

B. March 19, 1762 ; 

st. Orlando Bridgeman, Esq., 1 780-1 794; 

M.P., Wigan, 1784; 1790; & 1796-1800 ; 

st. Hon. Orlando Bridgeman, 1794-1800; 

Major, Lancashire Regt. of Militia, [1799] ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Bradford of Bradford, 
June 5, 1800 ; 

Captain, Staffordshire Regt. of Gentry & Yeo- 
manry, Nov. 18, 1800; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, Oct. 1, [803 ; 

Colonel, 1st Shropshire Regt. of Militia, June 1, 
1804; 

cr. Viscount Newport, & Earl of Bradford, 



Nov. 



1815; 



m. Hon. Lucy Elizabeth Byng, d. of George, 4th 
Viscount Torrington, May 29, 1788 ; 

d. Sept. 7, 1825. 




1825. 



George Augustus Frederick Henry Bridgeman, son of Orlando : 

Earl of Bradford, Viscount Newport, Baron 
Bradford of Bradford, & a Baronet. 

B. Oct. 23, 1789; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1810; 

st. Viscount Newport, 18 15-182 5 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Bradford, Sept. 7, 1S25; 

in. (r) Georgia net Elizabeth, d. of Sir Thomas 

Moncrieff, Bart., March 5, 18 18 ; 
?n. (2) Helen (Mackay), dowager-Lady Moncrieff, 
Oct. 30, 1849 ; 

d. March 22, 1865. 
e e 



vol. 1. 



Earls. 



2IO 



BRADFORD. 



1865. Orlando George Charles Bridgeman, son of George Augustus 

Frederick Henry (1 ) : Earl of Bradford, Viscount 
Newport, Baron Bradford of Bradford,& a Baronet. 

B. April 24, 181 9 ; 

st. Viscount Newport, 182 5-1 865 ; 

educ. Harrow, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

Cornet, South Salopian Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Feb., 1839 ; 
M.P., South Salop, 1842 ; 1847 ; 1852 ; 1S57 ; 

& 1859-1865; 
Captain, South Salopian Regt. of Yeomanry, 

May 9, 1844 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick ; 
Vice Chamberlain of the Household, March 5- 

Dec. 28, 1852 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 5. 1S52 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, Oct. 22, 1852; 
Vice Chamberlain of the Household, Feb. 26, 

1858-June 18, 1859 ; 
Lieut. -Colonel, 1st Batt. of Shropshire Rifle 

Volunteers, Sept. 5, 1862-March, 1866; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Bradford, March 22, 

1865; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, July 10, 

1866-Dec. 9, 1868 ; 
Master of the Horse, March 5, 1874-1880; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Salop, 

Jan. 23, 1875 ; 

m. Hon. Selijia Louisa Forester, 5/// d. of jfohn 
George, 2nd Lord Forester, April 30, 1844. 



Arms — Sable, ten plates, 4, 3, 2, & I; on a chief argent a lion passant of the field. 
Crest — A demi-lion rampant argent, holding in the paws a wreath of laurel. 
Supporters — Two leopards gardant gules, semee of pellets. 
Motto— Nec temere nec timide. 



BRANDON. 



2TI 



BRANDON. 

GERARD. 

1679. Charles Gerard, Lord Gerard of Brandon : Viscount Brandon; 

see title Macclesfield. 

+ + + 



HAMILTON. 

1712. James Hamilton VII., grandson of James, 1st Duke of Hamilton : 

Duke of Hamilton, Brandon, & Chatel- 
herault, Marquis of Clydesdale, Earl of Arran, 
Lanark, & Cambridge, Baron of Dutton, Lord 
=^ of Polmont, Aven, Macanshire, & Ennerdale ; 

Premier Peer of Scotland. 



B. April 11, 1658 ; 

st. Earl of Arran, 1660-1698 ; 

educ. University of Glasgow ; 

Colonel of a Scotch Regt. of Foot, (Holland), 

[1681]; _ 
Commander in Chief of the British Regts. in 

Holland, June, 1681 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 




After M. Van der Gucht. 



II., Nov. 9, 1682-Feb. 6, 1685 ; 
Envoy Extraordinary to Paris, 1 683-1685 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to Louis XIV., King of France ; 
Privy Councillor, of Scotland, June 13, 1684; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James 

II., May 16, 1685-Dec. 21, 1688 ; 
Colonel, (4th) Regt. of Horse, July 28, 16S5- 

Nov. 20, 1 688 ; 
Envoy Extraordinary to Paris, Sept. [13], 1686; 
K.T., June 6, 1687 ; 
Master of the Wardrobe, 1688 ; 

E F. 2 



Viscounts, 

Dl'KES. 



Bulstrode, 
327-. 

Ibid. 



Warrant Bk. 
20. 



Warr. Bk. 

Scotl. 8. 



Establ. Bk. 
182, a. 



Letter Bk. i. 



212 



BRANDON. 



1704. — 'Brave in his person, 
with a rough air of bold- 
ness.' . . . ' He is of a 
middle stature, well made, 
of a black coarse complex- 
ion, a brisk look.'— J. Mac- 

KY, p. 178. 



' He wanted not a share of 
that haughtiness which is in 
some measure inherent in 
his family, tho' he was most 
affable & courteous to those 
he knew were honest men, 
or in whom he confided.' — 
Geo. Lockhart, Memoirs, 

P- 3i- 

' Seems to be a man of a 
sprightly, brisk temper.' — 
T. Hearne, Diary, p. 240. 



Brigadier-General, [168S] ; 

Colonel, Royal Regt. of Horse Guards, Nov. 20 

—Dec. 17, 1688; 
cr. Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland, Aug. 10, 

1698 ; 
Heritable Keeper of Holyrood House ; 
a Representative Peer of Scotland, 1708 ; & 

1710-1712 ; 
Lord Lieutenant cc Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Lancaster, Oct. 11, 17 10; 
Ranger of the Royal Forests in co. Lancaster, 

Dec. 13, 1710; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 13, 1710; 
cr. Baron of Dutton, & Duke of Brandon, 

Sept. 10, 171 1 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, Aug. 29, 

1712; 
Master General of the Ordnance, Sept. 5, 1 7 1 2 ; 
Vice Admiral, co. Lancaster, Sept. 16, 17 12 ; 
K.G., Oct. 25, 17 12 ; 

//;. (1) Lady Anne Spencer, d. of Robert, Earl of 

Sunderland, Jan., 1688 ; 
///. (2) Elizabeth, d. 6* li.of ' Digby, Lord Gerard 

of Bromley, July 17, 1698; 

killed in a duel, Nov. 15, 17 12. 



Dukes. 




1712. James Hamilton VII I., son of James VII. (2): Duke of Brandon, & 

Baron of Dutton ; Duke of Hamilton, Marquis 
of Clydesdale & Hamilton, Earl of Arran & 
Lanark, Lord Aven, Macanshire, & Polmont, in 
Scotland ; Duke of Chatelhe'rault, in France. 



Mun. Bk. 
vi. 109. 



BRANDON. 



213 



B. after 1699 ; 

st. Marquis of Clydesdale, [i7o8]-i7i2 ; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Brandon, Nov. 15, 171 2; 

5th Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland ; 

Heritable Keeper of Holyrood House ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 6, 1719; 

K.T., Oct. 31, 1726 ; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George I., 

June 5, 1727 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 

Oct. 14, 1727; 

m. ( 1 ) Anne Cochrane, d. of John, \th Earl of 
Dundonald, [1723]; (d. Aug. 14, 1724); 

m. (2) Elizabeth, d. &> eo.-h. of Thomas Strong- 
ways, Esq., 1727 ; (d. Nov. 3, 1729) ; 

in. (3) Elizabeth, d. 6° h. of Edward Spencer, 
Esq., Aug. 21, 1737 ; 

d. March 2, 1743. 



1743. James Hamilton IX., son of James VIII. (1): Duke of Brandon, & 

Baron of Dutton ; Duke of Hamilton, Mar- 
quis of Clydesdale & Hamilton, Earl of Arran 
& Lanark, Lord Aven, Macanshire, & Polmont, 
in Scotland ; Duke of Chatelherault, in France. 

B. July 10, 1724 ; 

st. Marquis of Clydesdale, 1 724-1 743 ; 

educ. St. Mary's Hall, Oxford ; 

succ. as 3rd Duke of Brandon, March 2, 1743 ; 

6th Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland; 

Heritable Keeper of Holyrood House ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, April 14, 1743 ; 

K.T., Aprils, 1755; 

m. Elizabeth, 2nd d. of John Gunning, Esq., 
of Castle Coote, (cr. Baroness Hamilton of 
Hamcldon, May 20, 1776); Feb. 14, 
1752 ; (d. Dec. 30, 1790) ; 

d. Jan. 17, 1758. 



Dukes. 



Gaz. 



214 



BRANDON. 



175s. James George Hamilton, son of James IX. : Duke of Brandon, & 

Baron of Button ; Duke of Hamilton, Mar- 
quis of Douglas, Clydesdale, & Hamilton, Earl 
of Angus, Arran, & Lanark, Lord Macanshire, 
Polmont, Abernethy, & Aberbrothock, in Scot- 
land ; Duke of Chatelherault, in France. 



Dec. 5, 1766. — 'By far the 
handsomest boy I ever saw 
in my life.'— Gilly Wil- 
liams, in Selwyn Corre- 
spondence, II., 99. 



B. Feb. 18, 1755 ; 

succ. as 4th Duke of Brandon, Jan. 17, 1758; 
7th Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland; 
Hereditary Keeper of Holyrood House ; 
succ. as Earl of Angus, & Marquis of Douglas, 
July 21, 1 76 1 ; 

d. July 7, 1769. 



Dukes. 



1769. Douglas Hamilton, brother of James George : Duke of Brandon, 

Baron of Dutton & Hamilton of Hameldon ; 
Duke of Hamilton, Marquis of Douglas, 
Clydesdale, & Hamilton, Earl of Angus, Arran, 
& Lanark, Lord Macanshire, Polmont, Aber- 
nethy, & Aberbrothock, in Scotland ; Duke of 
Chatelhe'rault, in France. 

B. July 24, 1756 ; 

st. Lord Douglas Hamilton, 1 756-1 769 ; 
succ. as 5th Duke of Brandon, July 7, 1769 ; 
8th Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland; 
Hereditary Keeper of Holyrood House ; 
Keeper of Linlithgow Palace, & Blackness 

Castle, Oct., 1777 ; 
Captain, 82nd Regt. of Foot, Jan. 3, 1778 ; 
sumra. to Parlt. as Duke of Brandon, June 11, 

1782; 
KT, Dec. 23, 1785; 
succ. {jure matris), as Baron Hamilton of 

Hameldon, Dec. 30, 1790 ; 
Colonel, Lanarkshire Regt. of Militia, May 23, 

1798; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), July 21, 

179S; 



BRANDON. 



215 



///. Elizabeth Anne, d. of Peter Burr ell, Esq., 
April 4, 1 778 ; [divorced, 1794); 

cL Aug. 2, 1799. 



1799. Archibald Hamilton, uncle of Douglas: Duke of Brandon, & 

Baron of Dutton ; Duke of Hamilton, Mar- 
quis of Douglas. Clydesdale, & Hamilton, Earl 
of Angus, Arran, & Lanark, Lord Macanshire, 
Polmont, Abernethy, & Aberbrothock, in Scot- 
land ; Premier Peer of Scotland ; Duke of 
Chatelhe'rault, in France. 

B. July 15, 1740; 

st. Lord Archibald Hamilton, 1 740-1 799; 
succ. as 6th Duke of Brandon, Aug. 2, 1799; 
9th Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland ; 
Hereditary Keeper of Holyrood House ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Lanark, (swn.) Dec. 11, 
1799-Nov. 13, 1803; 

111. Lady Harriet Stewart, d. of Alexander, Gtli 
Earl of 'Galloway, 1765 ; 

d. Feb. 16, 1819. 




Dukes. 



After J. Lonsdale. 



18 1 9. Alexander Hamilton, son of Archibald : Duke of Brandon, & 

Baron of Dutton ; Duke of Hamilton, Mar- 
quis of Douglas, Clydesdale, & Hamilton, 
Earl of Angus, Arran, & Lanark, Lord Macan- 
shire, Polmont, Abernethy, & Aberbrothock, in 
Scotland ; Premier Peer of Scotland ; Duke of 
Chatelhe'rault in France. 

B. Oct. 3, 1767 j 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

st. Alexander Hamilton, Esq., 1 785-1 799; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Feb. 18, 1789; 

st. Marquis of Douglas & Clydesdale, 1799- 

1819; 
M.P., Lancaster, 180 2-1 806; 
Colonel, Lanarkshire Regt. of Militia, Sept. 30, 

1802 ; 



2l6 



BRANDON. 



Lord Lieutenant, & Sheriff Principal, co. Lanark, 

Nov. 13, 1803 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 

St. Petersburg, May 28, 1806 ; 
Privy Councillor, June 18, 1806; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Dutton, Nov. 4, 

1806 ; 
succ. as 7th Duke of Brandon, Feb. 16, 1819; 
10th Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland ; 
Hereditary Keeper of Holyrood House ; 
Bearer of St. Edward's Crown, Coron. of King 

William IV., Sept. 8,1 S3 1; 
K.G., Feb. 5, 1836; 
Lord High Steward of England, for Coron. of 

Queen Victoria, June 28, 1838; 
Bearer of the Crown, Coron. of Queen Victoria, 

June 28, 1838 ; 
a Trustee of the British Museum ; 
President of the Royal Society of Scotland ; 
a Director of the Royal Scottish Academy ; 

m. Susan, 2nd d, of William Bedford, Esq., of 
Fonthill, April 26, 1S10 ; 

d. Aug. iS, 1852. 



Dukes. 




1853. William Alexander Anthony Archibald Hamilton, son of Alex- 
ander : Duke of Brandon, & Baron of Dutton; 
Duke of Hamilton, Marquis of Douglas, 
Clydesdale, & Hamilton, Earl of Angus, Arran, 
& Lanark, Lord Macanshire, Polmont, Aber- 
nethy, & Aberbrothock, in Scotland ; Premier 
Peer of Scotland ; Duke of Chatelhe'rault, in 
France. 



BRANDON. 



217 



B. Feb. 19, 181 1 ; 

st. Marquis of Douglas, 1S19-1852 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, Nov. 15, 1832 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Bute ; 

Colonel, 1st Royal Lanark Regt. of Militia, 
Jan. 23, 1S34 ; 

Knight Marischal of Scotland, June, 1846 ; 

Major Commandant, Glasgow Regt. of Yeo- 
manry, Nov. 14, 1 848-1 85 6 ; 

succ. as 8th Duke of Brandon, Aug. 18, 1852; 

1 1 tli Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland ; 

Hereditary Keeper of Holyrood House ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Lanark, Oct., 1852 ; 

Lieut-Colonel Commandant, Lanarkshire Regt. 
of Yeomanry, Feb. 6, 1862 ; 

;.//. the Princess Marie Amclie Elisabeth Caroline 
of Baden, Feb. 23, 1843 ) 

d. July 15, 1863. 

1863. William Alexander Louis Stephen Douglas Hamilton, son of 

William Alexander : Duke of Brandon, & 
Baron of Dutton ; Duke of Hamilton, Marquis 
of Douglas, Clydesdale, & Hamilton, Earl of 
Angus, Arran, & Lanark, Lord Macanshire, 
Polmont, Abernethy, & Aberbrothock, in 
Scotland ; Premier Peer of Scotland ; Duke of 
Chatelhe'rault, in France. 

B. March 12, 1845 ; 

st. Earl of Angus, 1 845-1852 ; 

st. Marquis of Douglas, 1852-1863 ; 

succ. as 9th Duke of Brandon, July 15, 1863; 

1 2th Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland ; 

Hereditary Keeper of Holyrood House ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lanark, March 12, 1866; 

Lieutenant- Colonel, Lanarkshire Regt. of Yeo- 
manry, March 28, 1866 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Bute, July 13, 1866 ; 

confirmed Duke of Chatelherault, (by the 
Emperor Napoleon III.), Aug., 1866; 
vol. 1. F F 



Dukes. 



2l8 



BRANDON. 



K.T., Feb., 187S ; 

m. Lady Mary Louise Elizabeth Montagu, d. 
of William Drogo, "jt/i Duke of Manchester, 
Dec. 10, 1873. 



Duke. 



I 



Arms— Quarterly, 1 & 4. Hamilton & Arran quarterly, viz. gules, 3 cinque- 
foils pierced ermine for Hamilton ; quartering, argent a lymphad, with the 
fails furled sable for Arran. 2 & 3, Argent, a human heart, ensigned with 
an imperial crown proper, & on a chief azure 3 mullets argent—DoUGLAS. 

CREST — Out of a ducal coronet or an oak tree proper fructed gold, & penetrated 
transversely in the main stem by a frame-saw proper, the frame or, & the blade 
inscribed with the word 'Through.' 

Supporters— Two antelopes argent, armed, unguled, ducally gorged, & chained or. 

Mon o— Through. 



BREADALBANE. 



2IQ 



BREADALBANE. 



180G. John Campbell I., 



CAMPBELL. 

son of Colin Campbell, Esq., of Carwhin : Mar- 
quis of Breadalbane, Earl of Ormelie, & 
Baron Breadalbane of Taymouth ; Earl of 
Breadalbane, Viscount Campbell of Tay & 
Paintland, Viscount Glenorchy & Taymouth, 
Lord Benedoraloch, Ormelie, & Weik in 
Scotland ; & a Baronet of Nova Scotia. 

- B. ^62; 
st. John Campbell, Esq., 17S0-1782 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Breadalbane, in Scotland, 

July, 1782 ; 
Ensign, Independent Company of Foot, Jan. 10, 

1795; 
Lieutenant, do., Jan. 24, 1795 ; 

Captain, 11 6th Regt. of Foot, Jan. 27, 1795; 

Major, 78th (Highland) Regt. of Foot, April 25- 

July n, 1795; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 3rd Battalion, Breadalbane 

Regt. of Fencibles, April 17, 1795; 
Colonel in the Army, April 29, 1802 ; 
Councillor of State to the Prince of Wales in 

Scotland, April 22, 1806 ; 
cr. Baron Breadalbane of Taymouth, Nov. 13, 

1806; 
Major-General, Oct. 25, 1809 ; 
Lieutenant-General, June 4, 18 14; 
cr. Earl of Ormelie, & Marquis of Breadalbane, 

Sept. 12, 183 1 ; 
F.R.S. ; 

m. Mary Turner, eldest d. 6* co-h. of David 
Gavin, Esq., Sept. 3, 1793 ; 

d. March 29, 1834. 
f f 2 



Marquises. 



220 



BREADALBANE. 



1834. John Campbell II., son of John I. : Marquis of Breadalbane, Earl 

of Ormelie, & Baron Breadalbane of Taymouth ; 
Earl of Breadalbane & Holland, Viscount 
Campbell of Tay & Paintland, Viscount 
Glenorchy & Taymouth, Baron Benedoraloch, 
Ormelie, & Weik, in Scotland ; & a Baronet of 
Nova Scotia. 

B. Oct. 26, 1796; 

st. Viscount Glenorchy, i 796-1831 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Perth ; 

st. Earl of Ormelie, 1831-1834 ; 

M.P., co. Perth, 1832-1834 ; 

succ. as 2nd Marquis of Breadalbane, 

March 29, 1834 ; 
K.T., March 21, 1S38 ; 

a Director of Prisons, Scotland, Aug. 23, 1839; 
Lord Lieutenant, & Sheriff Principal, co. 

Argyll, Dec. 5, 1839 ; 
Vice Admiral of Argyll & the Western Isles, 

Feb. 14, 1840 ; 
Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow, 1841; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Sept. 4, 

iS48-Feb. 27, 1852; 
Privy Councillor, Sept. 4, 184S ; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Jan. 15, 

1853-Feb. 26, 1858 ; 
Hon. Colonel, Argyll & Bute Regt. of Militia, 

Sept. 29, 1S54; 

in. Eliza, d. of George Bail lie, Esq., of Jervis- 
IVood, Nov. 23, 1 82 1 ; 

d. Nov. 8, 1862. 



Marquis. 



Arms— Quarterly of 4. 1 & 4, Gironny of 8 or & sable, (Campbell). 2, Argent, 
a lymphad with sails furled & oars in action, sable, (Lorn). 3. Or, a fess 
chequy azure & argent, (STEWART OF Lorn). 

Crest— A boar's head erased, proper. 

Supporters — Two stags proper, attired & unguled or. 

Motto — Follow me. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



BRENTFORD. 



221 




BRENTFORD. 

RUTHVEN. 

1644. Patrick Ruthven, son of Sir William Ruthven, Rnt. : Earl of Brent- 
ford & Forth, & Baron Ruthven of Ettrick ; 
Count of Kirchberg, in Germany. 

B. 1572 or 1573; 

Captain, Hepburn's Regt, (Swedish Army), 

[Feb. 6, 1615] j 
Colonel, Kronsberg Regt. of Foot, (do.), 1623- 

1630; 
Knight, (by King Gustavus Adolphus), 

Sept. 23, 1627 ; 
Governor of Ulm, Feb., 1632; 
cr. Count of Kirchberg, (in Germany), April, 

1632; 
Major-General, (Swedish Army), May, 1632; 
Sergeant-Major-General, (do.), [Oct.], 

1632; 
Lieutenant-General, (Swedish Army), 1635 '> 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Swedish Army), 

1635 ; 
Muster Master General of the Army in Scotland, 

[1639] I 
Governor of Edinburgh Castle, June 22, 1639- 

Sept. 19. 1640 ; 

cr. Baron Ruthven of Ettrick, (in Scotland), 

1639; 
cr. Earl of Forth, (in Scotland), March 27, 

1642 ; 
Field Marshal of the Royal Army, Oct., 1642 ; 
General & Commander in Chief of the Royal 

Army, Oct., 1642-Nov., 1644 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, (do.), [July, 

1643]; 
cr. Earl of Brentford, May 27, 1644 ; 
Councillor to the Prince of Wales, Nov., 1644 ; 



From an etching. 



1633. — ' Beares the presence of 
a stoute cavaleer.' — Letter, 
in S. P. Dom., Chas. I.,cc. 



' His valour answerable to the 
externall shew & handsome 
frame of his body, being in 
personage inferior to no man 
for strength & comely stat- 
ure.' — Colonel Robert 
Monro, p. 120. 



Earls. 



Walkley, 
138. 



Warb. ii. 
237- 



22: 



BRENTFORD. 



1644. — 'Now much decayed 
in his parts, &, with the 
long continued custom of 
immoderate drinking, dozed 
in his understanding. . . . 
He was now become very 
deaf.' — Lord Clarendon, 
hist., IV., p. 441. 



Lord Chamberlain to the Prince of Wales, 

Nov. [7], 1644 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 13, 1645; 
Envoy Extraordinary to Stockholm, Jan. 29- 

Feb., 1649; 
Privy Councillor, (at Peronne), July 12, 1649; 

111. (1) Jane, sister of Colonel John Henderson ; 
ni. (2) Clara, d. of John Bemer, of Saskendorff 
&= Ventzin, Mceklenburgh, 1633 ; 

d Feb. 2, 165 1. 




Arms — Paly of 6, or & sable. 

Augmentation granted March 26, 1645 : — On a canton or, a white Rose of England 
on a red one, within a double tressure of Scotland. 

Supporters — Two goats argent, gorged with collars tressure, as in the Arms. 
+ + + 



SCHOMBERG. 

1689. Armand Frederick de Schomberg, son of John Meinhardt, Count 

Schomberg : Earl of Brentford. 

cr. Earl of Brentford, Marquis of Harwich, & 
Duke of Schomberg, April 10, 1689 ; 

see title Schomberg. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



Eari.s. 

Symonds, 
147. 



BRIDGE WATER. 



-> i -> 



BRIDGEWATER. 



Earls. 
DtJKKK 



1539. Henry Daubeney, 




From MS. Add. 22,306. 



Gules, 4 fusils conjoined in 
fess argent. 

Crest — On a wreath, or & 

gules, a holly-tree vert. 



DAUBENEY. 

son of Giles, Lord Daubeney : Earl of Bridge- 
water, & Baron Daubeney. 

B. about Dec, 1493 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Daubeney, May 22, 1508; 

Knight of the Bath, June 23, 1509 ; 

Justice of the Peace, for cos. Somerset, Dorset, 
& Devon, Dec. 4, 15 12 ; 

Joint Commissioner of Array in cos. Somerset 
& Dorset, Feb. 12, 15 13 ; 

Captain in English Army, (France), 15 13 ; 

Captain in English Army, (France), May, 15 14 ■ 

had livery of his lands, Dec. 19, 15 14 ; 

Member of Gray's Inn, after 1520; 

cr. Earl of Bridgewater, July 29, 1539 ; 

Warden & Keeper of Roche Forest, co. Somer- 
set, April 24, 1541 ; 

m. (1) Elizabeth Neville, d. of George, yd Lord 
Abergavenny, before July 16, [517 ; 

///. (2) Lady Catherine {Howard), widow of Sir 

Recs ap Thomas, d. of Thomas, 2nd Duke 

of Norfolk ; 

d. April 2, 1548. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 

S. P. 3566. 

S. P. 3723. 

S. P. 3S85. 

Chron. Ca- 
lais, p. 15. 
S. P. 5704. 

Dom. Eliz. 
xxiii. 49. 



Pat. 




f-f?^ 



+ 



4- 



4- 



224 


BRIDGE WATER. 




EGERTON. 


Eahu 


16 e 7- Thomas Egerton, 


nat. son of Sir Richard Egerton, Knt. : Earl of 
Bridgewater, Viscount Brackley, & Baron of 
Ellesmere. 

B. about 1540 ; 

designated Earl of Bridgewater, March 15, 
1617; 

d. March 15, 161 7. 




1617. John Egerton I., 


2nd son of Thomas : Earl of Bridgewater, Vis- 
count Brackley, & Baron of Ellesmere. 

b. 1579 ; 

Captain in Ireland, 1599 ; 

Baron of the Exchequer of Chester, Sept. 25, 






1599-Feb. 21, 1605 ; 


C. R. R. 




M.P., co. Salop, 160 1 ; 






Knight of the Bath, July 24, 1603 ; 


Walkley, 121. 




Custos Rotulorum, co. Salop, July, 1606 ; 


Pat. 8, d. 




M.A. of Oxford, Aug. 30, 1605 ; 






Joint Steward of the Manor of Hemelhamstead, 






July 20, 1607; 


Pat. 14. 




Joint Steward of the Lordships of Bromfield & 






Yale, Nov. 7, 1607 ; 






Joint High Steward of Lyons Castle in the 






Marches of Wales, Nov. 12, 1607 ; 






Joint Steward & Keeper of the Court Leet & 






Frankpledge of Thring, July 11, 1608 ; 






succ. as 2nd Viscount Brackley, March 15, 






1617 ; 






cr. Earl of Bridgewater, May 27, 1617 ; 






Member of the Council of Wales, [16 1 7 ] ; 






Privy Councillor, July 4, 1626; 


P.C. Reg. 




Lord President of Wales & the Marches, 




• A most accomplished gentle- 






man; he had an active body 


May 12, 1 63 1 ; 




& a vigorous soul ; his de- 


Lord Lieutenant, cos. Salop, Worcester, Here- 




portment was graceful.' — 
Monument, Little Gaddes- 


ford, & Monmouth, July 8, 163 1 ; 


Sign M. 


den. 


Lord Lieutenant, North & South Wales, July 8, 


xiii. 25. 

Ibid. 




1631 ; 





BRIDGEWATER. 



!2 5 



Joint Commissioner of Array in cos. Flint, 
Denbigh, & Merioneth, May, 1643 > 

m. Lady Frances Stanley, 2nd d. 6° co-h. of 
Ferdinand, $th Earl of Derby • 

d. Dec. 4, 1649. 



Earls. 

MS. Dug; 
M. 1. 




yfae/vztfkjg-j 



1649. John Egerton II., 




After W. Claret. 



; He was a person of middling 
stature, somewhat corpulent ; 
had black hair, a round 
visage, adorned with a mod - 
est & grave aspect, a sweet 
& pleasant countenance, & 
a comely presence.' — SIR 
Henry Chauncey, Hert- 
fordshire, II., 483. 

VOL. I. 



3rd son of John I. : Earl of Bridgewater, 
Viscount Brackley, & Baron of Ellesmere. 

B. 1622 ; 

st. Viscount Brackley, [1640]- 1649 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, Dec. 4, 

1649 J 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Buckingham, July 23, 1660; 
High Steward of the University of Oxford, 

May 14, 1663 ; 
M.A. of Oxford, (by diploma), May 24, 1663 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 13, 1667; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, June 24, 1670; 
a Commissioner for the government of Tangier, 

1673 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1679 5 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hertford, Feb. 10, 1681 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Flertford, Buckingham, 

Middlesex, & Salop ; 

///. Lady Elizabeth Cavendish, 2nd d. of William, 
Earl of Newcastle, 1641 ; 

d. Oct. 26, 1 686. 



G G 



Pat. 



Wood, ii. 
Fasti, 1S5. 



Pat. 



;20 



BRIDGE WATER. 



16S6. 



Walker, 
p. 46. 

Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 3. 



Oct. 26, 

April 4, 



John Egerton III., son of John II. : Earl of Bridgewater, 

Viscount Brackley, & Baron of Ellesmere. 

B. Nov. 9, 1646 ; 

st. Viscount Brackley, 1 649-1 686 ; 

Knight of the Bath, April 18, 1661 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Buckingham, March 21, 

1668; 
M.P. v co. Buckingham, 1685-1686; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Bridgewater, 

1686; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Buckingham, 

1689 ; Pat. 

Privy Councillor, May 7, 1691 ; Gaz. 

First Commissioner of Trade & Foreign Planta- 
tions, Dec. 17, 1695; Signet. 

Speaker of the House of Lords, July 22, 1697; journals. 

First Lord of the Admiralty, May 22, 1699 ; p a t. 

a Governor of Greenwich Hospital, 1699 ; 

a Lord Justice of England, June i-Oct. 18, 1699; 

Speaker of the House of Lords, March 1, 1700; 

a Lord Justice of England, June 27-Sept. 18, 

1700; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Oct. 17, 1700; 

m. (1) Lady Elizabeth Cranfield, eldest d. &= h. 

of James, 2nd Earl of Middlesex, 1667; 

(d. March 3, 1670) ; 
m. (2) Lady Jane Paulet, eldest d. of Charles, 

1st Duke of Bolton, about 1674 ; 

d. March 19, 1701. 




After Sir G. Kneller. 



Arms — Argent, a lion rampant 
gules, between 3 pheons' 
heads sable, without tlie 
bordnre. 




BRIDGE WATER. 



227 



1701. 



Scroop Egerton, 3rd son of John III. : Duke of Bridgewater, 

Marquis of Brackley, Earl of Bridgewater, 
Viscount Brackley, & Baron of Ellesmere. 

B. Aug. 11, 16S1 ; 

st. Viscount Brackley, 1687-1701 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Bridgewater, March 19, 
1701 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorurn, co. 
Buckingham, Aug. 11, 1702; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Prince George 
of Denmark, Feb., 1703 ; 

Master of the Horse to Prince George of Den- 
mark, June, 1705-Oct. 28, 1708; 

Lord Chamberlain to the Princess of Wales, 
Oct., 1714-Feb. 22, 1 71 7 ; 
* Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorurn, co. Buck- 

ingham, Nov. 10, 1714-Jan. 30, 1728; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George L, 
May 9, 1719-June 11, 1727; 

cr. Marquis of Brackley, & Duke of Bridge- 
water, June 18, 1720; 

m. (1) Lady Elizabeth Churchill, yd d. of John, 
Duke of Marlborough, Feb. 9, 1703; 

m. (2) Lady Rachel Russell, d. of Wriothesley, 
Duke of Bedford, Aug. 4, 1722; 

d. Jan. 11, 1745. 



E745 



John Egerton IV, 4th son of Scroop (2) : Duke of Bridgewater, 

Marquis of Brackley, Earl of Bridgewater, 
Viscount Brackley, & Baron of Ellesmere. 

B. April 29, 1727 ; 

st. Marquis of Brackley, 1 731-1745 ; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Bridgewater, Jan. 11, 

1745 ; 

d. Feb. 26, 1748. 

G G 2 



Dukes. 



Luttrell, 
v. 274. 

Ibid. 569. 



Appmt. Bk. 
2 57- 



1748. Francis Egerton, brother of John IV. : Duke of Bridgewater, 

Marquis of Brackley, Earl of Bridgewater, 
Viscount Brackley, & Baron Ellesmere of Elles- 
mere. 

B. May 21, 1736 ; 

st. Lord Francis Egerton, 1 736-1 748 ; 

succ. as 3rd Duke of Bridgewater, Feb. 26, 

1748; 
Steward of the Honour of Berkhamstead, 

Dec. 22, 1761; 
Steward for the Duchy of Cornwall in co. 

Hertford, 1761 ; 

d. March 8, 180*. 



After F. Craig. 



Dukes. 





1803. John William Egerton, great-nephew of Francis : Earl of Bridge- 
water, Viscount Brackley, & Baron Ellesmere 
of Ellesmere. 

B. April 13, 1753; 

st. John William Egerton, Esq., 1 771-1803; 

Cornet, 7th (Queen's) Regt. of Dragoons, 

Jan. 25, 177 1 ; 
Lieutenant, do., June 7, 1773; 

Captain, do., May 29, 1776; 

M. P., Morpeth, 1777-17S0; 



BRIDGE WATER. 



229 



Major, 22nd Regt. of Light Dragoons, Dec. 14, 

!779; 
M.P., Brackley, 1780; 1784; 1790; 1796; 

& 1802-1803 ; 

Master of Gretham Hospital, Durham, Oct., 

1785; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 7th Regt. of Light Dra- 
goons, Nov. 18, 1790; 

Colonel in the Army, Oct. 12, 1793 ; 

Major-General, Feb. 25, 1795 ; 

Major-General on the Staff, Eastern District of 
England, May 3, 1796 ; 

Colonel, 14th Regt. of Light Dragoons, June 1, 

1797 ; 

Lieutenant-General, Jan. 1, 1801 ; 

succ. as 7th Earl of Bridgewater, March 8, 
1803 ; 

Steward of the Honour of Berkhamstead, 1803; 

Steward for the Duchy of Cornwall in co. Hert- 
ford ; 

Captain, Ashridge Troop of Hertfordshire 
Yeomanry, Sept. 13, 1803; 

Constable of Durham Castle ; 

General in the Army, Jan. 1, 181 2 ; 

E.R.S. ; 

a Vice President of the British Institution ; 

m. Charlotte Catherine Anne, d. of Samuel 
Haynes, Esq., Jan. 14, 1783 ; 

d. Oct. 21, 1823. 



Earl. 



W. O. Let- 
ter Bk. 




23° 



BRIDGEWATER. 



1823. 



Francis Henry Egerton, brother of John William : Earl of Bridge- 
water, Viscount Brackley, & Baron Ellesmere 
of Ellesmere. 



Earl. 



op' % 



V . 



'■ Kl 



After Gerard. 



B. about 1755 j 

educ. Christ Church, & Oriel Colls., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, Oct. 23, 1776 ; 

M.A. of Oxford, May 24, 1780 ; 

st. Rev. Francis Henry Egerton, [Feb. 24, 

i78i]-Oct. 21, 1823; 
Rector of Whitchurch, co. Salop, Feb. 24, 

17S1; 
a Prebendary of Durham ; 
F.R.S., Nov. 8, 1 781; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Durham, Jan. 27, 1787 ; 
F.S.A., April 7, 1791 ; 
succ. as 8th Earl of Bridgewater, Oct. 21, 

1823; 

d. Feb. 11, 1829. 



Arms— Argent, a lion rampant gules, between 3 pheon's heads sable. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a lion rampant of the first, holding a 
pheon or, headed & feathered argent. 

Supporters — Dexter, a horse argent, gorged with a ducal coronet or. Sinister, 
a griffin segreant or, gorged with a plain collar & chain azure. 

Motto— Sic donec. 



+ 



+ 



BRIDPORT. 



231 



BRIDPORT. 

HOOD. 

1796. Alexander Hood, brother of Samuel, Viscount Hood: Viscount 

Bridport, & Baron Bridport of Crickit St. 
Thomas ; Baron Bridport, in Ireland 

B. Dec. 2, 1726 ; 

st. Alexander Hood, Esq., 1 744-1 788; 

Midshipman, Royal Navy ; 

Lieutenant, Dec. 2, 1746 ; 

Commander, March 23. 1756 ; 

Post Captain, June 10, 1756 ; 

Treasurer of Greenwich Hospital, Oct. 14, 

1766 ; 
Rear-Admiral of the White, Sept. 26, 1780 ; 
M.P., Bridgewater, 1 784-1 790 ; 
Vice Admiral of the White, Sept. 24, 1787 ; 
K.B., May 7, 1788; 

Rear- Admiral of Great Britain, April 6, 1790 ; 
M.P., Buckingham, 1 790-1 796 ; 
Vice Admiral of the Red, Feb. 1, 1793 ; 
Admiral of the Blue, April 12, 1794; 
cr. Baron Bridport, in Ireland, Aug. 12, 1794; 
Admiral of the White, June 1, 1795 ; 
Commander in Chief of a Squadron (for a 

particular service), July 28, 1795; 
Vice Admiral of Great Britain, March 12, 

1796 j 
cr. Baron Bridport of Crickit St. Thomas, 

June 13, 1796; 
Commander in Chief of a Squadron (for a 

particular service), Dec. 8, 1796; 
Commander in Chief of the Channel Fleet, 

April 10, 1797-1800; 
General of Marines, Aug. 26, 1800; 
cr. Viscount Bridport, June 10, 1801 ; 




After L. Abbott. 



' He had an air of the highest 
distinction.' — Letter in 
Lodge, Portraits, XII., 
Mem., p. 9. 



Viscounts. 



232 



BRIDPORT. 



Admiral of the Red, Nov. 9, 1805; 

m. (1) Mary, d. of Rev. Richard West, Prc- 

be?idary of Winchester ; 
vi. (2) Alary Sophia, d. &* h. of Thomas Bray, 

Esq., June 26, 1788 ; 

d. May 3, 18 14. 



Viscounts. 




ARMS— Azure, a fret argent, on a chief or, 3 crescents sable, a crescent for 

difference. 
Crest — On a wreath, a Cornish chough proper. 

Supporters — Dexter, a merman proper, with crown & trident or. Sinister, a 
mermaid proper, holding a mirror. 

Mottoes — 1. Ventis secundis. 
2. Steady. 



+ + + 



HOOD. 

1868. Alexander Nelson Hood, great grand-nephew of Alexander : Vis- 
count Bridport of Crickit St. Thomas & of 
Bronte ; Baron Bridport, in Ireland ; & Duke 
of Bronte, in Sicily. 

B. Dec. 23, 1814 ; 

st. Hon. Alexander N. Hood, 1 814-1868 ; 

Ensign & Lieutenant, Scots Fusilier Regt. of 

Foot Guards, Aug. 30, 1831 ; 
Lieutenant, & Captain, do., July 1, 1836; 
Groom in Waiting to the Queen, 1 847-1853; 
Captain, & Lieutenant-Colonel, Scots Fusilier 

Regt. of Foot Guards, Nov. 5, 1847 > 
Clerk Marshal to H.R.H. Prince Albert, 

March 8, 1S53 ; 



BRIDPORT. 



2 33 



Colonel in the Army, June 20, 1854 ; 
Equerry in Ordinary to the Queen, Feb., 1858 ; 
Major-General, Aug. 19, 1862 ; 
succ. as 3rd Baron Bridport, in Ireland, 

Jan. 6, 1 868; 
cr. Viscount Bridport of Crickit St. Thomas 

& of Bronte, July 6, 1868 ; 
Lieutenant-General, Oct. 25, 187 1 ; 
General in the Army, Oct. 1, 1877; 

m Lady Alary Penelope Hi'//, 2nd d. of Arthur, 
yd Marquis of Downshire, Aug. 2, 183S. 



Arms— Azure, a fret argent, on a chief or, 3 escallops sable. 

Crest — A Cornish chough proper, in front of an anchor bendwise or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a figure of Neptune, crowned with an eastern crown or, a 
green robe flowing round his loins, holding a trident in the left hand & resting 
the right on an anchor or. Sinister, a sea-lion argent, the back fin & top of 
the tail gules, resting the sinister paw on an anchor gules. 

Motto —Steady. 



Viscount. 



VOL. I. 



H H 



234 



BRISTOL. 



BRISTOL. 

DIG BY. 

1622. John Digby L, 3rd son of Sir George Digby, Knt. : Earl of Bristol, 

& Baron Digby of Sherborne. 
B. Feb., 1586 ; 

educ. Magdalen Coll., Oxford ; 
Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King James 

L, 1605 ; 
Knight, (by King James I.), March iS, 1605 ; 
M.A. of Oxford, Aug. 30, 1605 ; 
Carver to the King ; 
M.P., Hedon, April 7, 16 10; 
Ambassador to Madrid, April, 1610; 
Ambassador to Madrid, Sept., 1614-March, 







1616 ; 



After Van Dyck. 



' A very handsome man.' ' A 
man of a grave aspect, of a 
presence that drew respect.' 
— Lord Clarendon, Hist. 
III., 518. 



'A middling man.' (i.e., in 
size. )— John Aubrey, II., 
p. 328. 



Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Charles, Prince 



of Wales ; 
Vice Chamberlain of the Household, April 3, 

1616-1625 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 3, 1616-April 8, 1625; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Madrid, April, 

1617-April, 16 18 ; 
cr. Baron Digby of Sherborne, Nov. 25, 16 18; 
Chief Commissioner to treat with Holland, 

Jan., 1 619; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Brussels, Jan., 

1621 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Vienna, May 14- 

Nov., 1621 ; 
Ambassador to Madrid, March 14, 1622- 

May 2, 1624 ; 
cr. Earl of Bristol, Sept. 15, 1622 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 

(Ripon), Sept., 1640; & (London), Nov. 

23, 1640; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 19, 1641 ; 



Earls, 
Marquises. 



MS. Wood, 
E.g. 

MS. Ashm. 



Dom. Hii. 66. 
Signet Bk. 



Camden, 17 
P. C. Reg. 

Signet Bk. 



Dom. cv. 64 



Pf-IK P.S. 
f. 68. 



Balfour, 
ii. 411, & 
419. 

P. C. Reg. 



BRISTOL. 



235 



Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

I., [1642]; 
Joint Commissioner for defence of the county, 

city, & University of Oxford, April 24, 

1643; 
m. Beatrice ( Walcot), widow of Sir John Dive, 

Krit., of Bromham, [16 10] ; 

d. Jan. 6, 1653. 




1653. George Digby, 




After Van Dyck. 



son of John I. : Eari of Bristol, & Baron Digby of 
Sherborne. 

B. Oct., 1612, (at Madrid); 

st. Lord Digby, i 622-1 653 ; 

educ. Magdalen Coll., Oxford ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Dorset & Somerset, 

1636; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, Aug. 31, 1636 ; 
M.P., co. Dorset, 1640 ; & 1640-1641 \ 
Joint Manager for the House of Commons, (to 

impeach the Earl of Strafford), Nov. 11, 

1640 ; 
summ. to House of Lords as Baron Digby of 

Sherborne, June 9, 1641 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Royal Army), 

1642-1643 ; 
Governor of Nottingham, [Aug.], 1642; 
Privy Councillor, Sept. 28, 1643 ; 
Secretary of State, Sept. 28, 1643-Jan. 30, 

1649 ; 
High Steward of the University of Oxford, 

Oct. 31, 1643-1646 ; 
11 n 2 



Earls. 

Walkley, 
Catal., p. 17. 



MS. Dugd. 
M. 1. 



Wood, 
iv. 401. 
Willis, iii. 



Journ. H. of 
C. ii. 26. 



Warb. i. 462 
P. C. Reg. 



Wood, 
Fasti, 185. 



27,6 



BRISTOL. 



' Of delicate features & a very 
graceful person.' — Lord 
Clarendon, State Prs.lll. , 
suppl. li. 



1639. — ' A very handsome 
young man, . . . justly ad- 
mired by all, & only gave 
himself disadvantage with a 
pedantic stiffness & affecta- 
tion he had contracted.' — 
Sir A. A. Cooper, Journal. 



'Hal a graceful & beautiful 

person.' — LORD CLAREN- 
DON, Hist., II., 94- 



1 The handsomeness of his per- 
son, the beauty of his coun- 
tenance,' &c. , ' rendered him 
universally acceptable. ' — 1 11 
Lodge. VIII. , p. 12. 



Lieutenant-General of the Forces North of Trent, 
Oct. 16, 1645 ; 

Captain of a Troop of Horse, (French Army), 
[July 9], 1650; 

Mareschal de Camp, in the French Army ; 

Lieutenant-General. in the French Army, 
Aug. 15, 1651 ; 

Commander of the Royal Troops in Nor- 
mandy, [165 1] ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Bristol, Jan. 6, 1653 ; 

K.G., Jan., 1653 ; 

Secretary of State, Jan. 1, 1657; 

Privy Councillor, 1657-1660; 

Colonel of an Irish Regt. of Foot, (Flanders), 

1657 ; 

Lieutenant-General for England, 1657; 
High Steward of the University of Oxford, 

1660-1663 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Dorset & Somerset, 

1661; 
Superintendent-General of Banks & Monts de 

Picte for the relief of the Poor, March 2, 

166S; 

m. Lady Anne Russell, 2nd d. of Francis, 4th 
Earl of Bedford ; 

d. March 20, 1678. 



Earl. 



Misc. Aulic. 
141. 

DigbyMSS. 
No. 134. 

Ibid. 



Ormond 
Lttrs. i. 426. 



Clar. S. P. 



Clarendon, 
S. P. iii. 344. 



Pat. 31, d. 



Pat. 




BRISTOL. 



237 



1678. John Digby II., son of George : Earl of Bristol, & Baron Digby of 

Sherborne. 

B. before 1641 ; 

st. Lord Digby, [i66o]-i678; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Dorset & Somerset, 

[1661]; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Dorset, March 25, 

1672; 
M.P., co. Dorset, 1675-1 678 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Bristol, March 20, 1678 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Dorset, Nov. 19, 1679; 
Gustos Rotulorum, co. Dorset, 1680; 
Vice Admiral, co. Dorset, & town of Poole, 

[1687]; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Dorset, May 24, 1689; 

Til. (1) Alice, d. of Robert Bourne, Esq., of 
§ fj Blake Hall, co. Essex, March 26, 1656; 

(d. May, 1658); 
///. (2) Rachel, d. of Sir Hugh Windham, 
Knt., Justice of C. P., Aug., 1663; (d. 
Feb. 16, 1708) ; 

d. (about Sept. 18). 1698. 




Earl. 



Pat. 31, d. 
Mil. Bk 

Pat. p. 1, d. 



Pat. 



From the statue by J. Nost in 
Sherborne Minster. 




Arms — Azure, a fleur-de-lys argent, a mullet or, for difference. 

Crest — On a wreath argent & gules, an ostrich proper, holding in his bill a horse- 
shoe, & on his breast a mullet or. 

Supporters — Two tigers azure, ducally collared or. 

Motto— Nul qu'un. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



2 3 8 



BRISTOL. 



HERVEY. 

1 7 14. John Hervey, son of Sir Thomas Hervey, Knt. : Earl of Bristol, 

& Baron Hervey of Ickworth. 

B. Aug. 27, 1666 ; 

st. John Hervey, Esq., 1 684-1 704 ; 

educ. Cambridge ; 

Hereditary High Steward of Bury St. Edmunds ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Suffolk, May 10, 1692 ; 

M.P., Bury St. Edmunds, 1693; 1695; 1698; 

1701 ; & 1701-1704 ; 
cr. Baron Hervey of Ickworth, March 23, 

1704; 
~i cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, April 16, 1705 ; 
gt cr. Earl of Bristol, Oct. 19, 17 14; 

m. (1) Isabella, d. of Sir Robert Carr, Bart., 

Nov. 1, 1688; 
vi. (2) Elizabeth, d. &> h. of Sir Thomas Felton, 

Bart., 1695; 

d. Jan. 20, 1 75 1. 

After Sir G. Kneller, (1699), in 
the Town Hall, Bury. 




Earl. 



1704. — 'A handsome man in 
his person, fair complexion, 
middle stature.' — J. MACKY, 
p. 108. 




Arms — Gules, on a bend argent, 3 trefoils slipped vert. 

Crest — An ounce passant sable, spotted, ducally collared, & chain reflexed over 
back or, holding in the dexter paw a trefoil slipped vert. 

Supporters — Two ounces sable, spotted, ducally collared, 6c chain reflexed over 
the back or. 

Motto — Je n'oublieray jamais. 



BRISTOL. 



2 39 



/5 



7q i. George William Hervey, grandson of John (2) : Earl of Bristol, 

& Baron Hervey, of Ickworth. 

B. Aug. 31, 1721 ; 

st. Hon. George William Hervey, i 733-1743; 

Ensign, (38th) ' Duke of Marlborough's ' Regt. 

of Foot, June 2, 1739; 
Ensign, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, May n, 

1740 ; 
Captain, (48th) ' Chohuondeley's ' Regt. of Foot, 

Jan. 27, 1741-Aug., 1742 ; 
succ. as 3rd Baron Hervey of Ickworth, 

Aug. 5, 1743 ; 
took his seat in the House of Lords, Dec. 1, 

!743 5 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Bristol, Jan. 20, 1751 ; 

Hereditary High Steward of Bury St. Edmunds; 

Envoy Extraordinary to Turin, April 5, 1755— 
Aug., 1758; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 
Madrid, June 17, i75S-Dec. 17, 1761 ; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Sept. 26, 1766- 
July, 1767 ; 

Privy Councillor, Sept. 26, 1766; 

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Nov. 2, 1768 ; 

Groom of the Stole, & First Lord of the Bed- 
chamber, to King George III., Jan. 29, 
1770; 

d. March 20, 1775. 

' Like his father, inclined to a 
degree of effeminacy in his 
person, manners, & dress.' — 
Sir N. W. Wraxall, Hist. 
Mem., I., p. 131. 




Earl. 



After J. Zoffany. 



' Stately manners & delicate 
form.'— H. Walpoi.e, Mem. 
Geo. III., III., 98. 




240 



BRISTOL. 



1775. Augustus John Hervey, brother of George William 

& Baron Hervey of Ickworth. 

B. May 19, 1724 5 
st. Hon. Augustus J. Hervey, 
Midshipman, R.N. , [1740]; 
Lieutenant, Oct. 31, 1740 ; 
Commander, Sept. 16, 1746; 
Post-Captain, Jan. 15, 1747; 
M.P., Bury St. Edmunds, 1757 



Earl of Bristol, 




I 733-i775 5 



&1761-1765 ; 



After Sir J. Reynolds 



Colonel of Marines, Oct. 21, 1762-March 31, 

1775; 
M.P., Saltash, 1763-176S; 

Groom of the Bedchamber to King George III., 
April 22, 1 763-1 765 ; 

Commander in Chief in the Mediterranean, 
May 4-Sept, 1763 ; 

Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, Sept., 1766-July, 1767; 

Privy Councillor of Ireland, Oct. 14, 1766; 

M. P., Bury St. Edmunds, 176S; &1774-1775; 

a Lord of the Admiralty, Jan. 26, 1771-March, 

1775 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Bristol, March 20, 1775; 
Hereditary High Steward of Bury St. Edmunds ; 
Rear Admiral of the Blue, March 31, 1775 ; 
Rear Admiral of the White, April 28, 1777 ; 
Rear Admiral of the Red, Jan. 23, 1778 ; 
Vice-Admiral of the Blue, Jan. 29, 1778; 

;;/. (privately,) Elizabeth, d. of Col. Thomas 
Chudleigh, Aug. 4, 1744; 

d. Dec. 23, 1779. 



Earl. 



Comm. 
Bk. 15. 



Comm. 
Bk. 17. 




BRISTOL. 



241 



1779. P'rederick Augustus Hervey, brother of Augustus John: Earl of 

Bristol, Baron Howard de Walden, & Hervey 
of Ickworth ; Bishop of Deny, in Ireland. 

B. Aug. 1, 1730 ; 

educ. Corpus Christi College, Cambridge ; 

M. A. of Cambridge ; 

st. Hon. & Rev. Frederick A. Hervey, 

[17561-1767; 
One of the Clerks of the Privy Seal, [1756]; 
Principal Clerk of the Privy Seal, [1761] ; 
Chaplain in Ordinary to King George III., 

[1763] ; 

Bishop of Cloyne, & Rector of Aghada, Feb. 7, 

1767; 
Privy Councillor of Ireland, Aug. 7, 1767 ; 
Bishop of Deny, Jan. 30, 176S ; 
cr. D.D. of Dublin, 176S; 
cr. D.D. of Oxford, (by diploma), April 6, 

1770 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Bristol, Dec. 23, 1779 ; 
Hereditary High Steward of Bury St. Edmunds ; 
Chaplain-General to the Irish Volunteers, 1782; 
Delegate from co. Derry, (Irish Convention), 

1783; 
succ. as 5th Baron Howard de Walden, 

Nov. r8, 1799 ; 
m. Elizabeth, d. of Sir J^ermyn Davcrs, Barf. ; 

d. July 8, 1803. 



Earl. 



1783. — ' I remember seeing 
him pass by the Parliament 
House in Dublin, .... 
escorted by a body of dra- 
goons, full of spirits & talk, 
apparently enjoying the 
eager gaze" of the surround- 
ing multitude, & displaying 
altogether, the self-compla- 
cency of a favourite Marshal 
of Ffance on his way to 
Versailles, rather than the 
grave deportment of a pre- 
late of the Church of Eng- 
land.' — Hardy, Memoirs of 
Lord Charkmont, p. 263. 




VOL. I. 



I I 



242 



BRISTOL. 




After Sir T. Lawrence. 



1803. Frederick William Hervey I., 2nd son of Frederick Augustus : 

Marquis & Earl of Bristol, Earl Jermyn, of 
Horningsheath, & Baron Hervey of Ickworth. 

B. June, 1769; 

st. Hon. Frederick Hervey, 17 79-1 796 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 17S8; 

Ensign, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, May 21, 
1788-1792 ; 

M. P., Bury St. Edmunds, 1796; & 1802-1803; 

st. Lord Hervey, 1796-1803 ; 

Major, Ickworth Yeomanry, May 24, 1798 ; 

Under Secretary of State for the Foreign Depart- 
ment, Feb. 20, 1 80 1 -Nov. 8, 1803 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Bristol, July 8, 1803 ; 

Hereditary High Steward of Bury St. Edmunds; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 1, 181 1; 

cr. Earl Jermyn of Horningsheath, & Marquis of 
Bristol, June 30, 1826; 

F.R.S., & F.S.A. ; 

m. Hon. Elizabeth Albina Upton, d. of Clot- 
worthy, 1st Lord Templetown, Feb. 20, 1798; 

d. Feb. 15, 1859. 



1859. Frederick William Hervey, son of Frederick William I. : Marquis 

& Earl of Bristol, Earl Jermyn of Hornings- 
heath, & Baron Hervey of Ickworth. 

B. July 15, 1800 ; 

st. Lord Hervey, 1 803-1 826 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1822; 

M. P., Bury St. Edmunds, 1826; 1830; 1831; 

1832; 1835; !837 ; 1841; 1S47; 1852; 

& 1857-1859; 
st. Earl Jermyn, 1826-1859; 
Treasurer of the Household, Sept. 9, 1841- 

July 6, 1846; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 6, 1841 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Suffolk ; 



Marquises. 



BRISTOL. 



243 



Colonel, West Suffolk Regt. of Militia, March 25, 

1846; 
M.P., West Suffolk, 1S59; 
succ. as 2nd Marquis of Bristol, Feb. 15,1859; 
Hereditary High Steward of Bury St. Edmunds; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, June 9, 1862; 

;//. Lady Katherine Isabella Manners, 4th d. of 
John Henry, Duke of Rutland, Dec. 1, 
1830; 

d. Oct. *o, 1864. 



Marquis. 



1864. Frederick William John Hervey, son of Frederick William : Mar- 
quis & Earl of Bristol, Earl Jermyn of Horn- 
ingsheath, & Baron Hervey of Ickworth. 

B. June 28, 1834 ; 

st. Lord Hervey, 1834-1S59; 

educ. Eton, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge; 

Lieutenant, West Suffolk Regt. of Militia, 1854; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1855 ; 

Captain, West Suffolk Regt. of Militia, March 17, 

1856; 
st. Earl Jermyn, 1859-1864; 
M.P., West Suffolk, 1859-1864 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Suffolk, Nov. 8, i860 ; 
succ. as 3rd Marquis of Bristol, Oct. 30, 

1864; 
Hereditary High Steward of Bury St. Edmunds; 
Hon. Colonel, West Suffolk Regt. of Militia, 

Jan. 10, 1S65 ; 

m. Geraldine Georgiana Mary, $th d. of General 
Hon. George Anson, March 4, 1862. 



1 1 2 



244 



BROOKE. 



1621. 



BROOKE. 

GREVILLE. 

Fulke Greville, son of Sir Fulke Greville, Knt. : Baron Brooke of 

Beauchamp's Court. 

B. 1554, 

educ. Shrewsbury School; Oxford ; & Trinity 

Coll., Cambridge ; 
st. Fulke Greville, Esq., 1572-1603; 
Gentleman of the Privy Chamber ; 
Clerk of the Signet to the Council of Wales, 

1581 ; 

M. P., co. Warwick, 1586-1587; 1588; 1592- 

!593 ; I597-I59 8 ; & 1601 ; 
Captain of a Troop of Horse ; 
M.A. of Oxford. April n, 1588; 
Ranger & Master of the Game, of Wedgnock 

Park, June 24, 1597; 
Treasurer of the Navy, Dec. 16, 1598-April, 

1604 ; 
Rear Admiral of the Fleet, Aug., 1599 ; 
Knight of the Bath, July 24, 1603 ; 
Secretary to the Council of Wales, July 24, 

1603; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Warwick, 1603; 
Privy Councillor, 16 14; 
Chancellor & Under-Treasurer of the Exche 

quer, Oct. 12, 1614-Sept, 1621; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Holland, 

Jan., 1619; 
cr. Baron Brooke of Beauchamp's Court, 

Jan. 29, 1621 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James 

L, Oct. [6], 162 1 ; 
Recorder of Warwick ; 
Member of the Council of War, May, 1624 ; 




After a painter unknown. 



' He was a brave gentleman.' 
— Sir R. Naunton, Frag- 
menta Regalia, p. 5°- 



Barons, 
Earls. 



Carlisle, 80. 



Willis, iii. 



Docquet. 



Docquet. 
Chamber- 
lain, p. 59. 



Pat. 14, d. 

Docquet. 
Dom. cv. 64. 



Dom. cxxiii. 
Sisrnet Bk. 



BROOKE. 



245 



Justice of the Peace, cos. Warwick & Kent ; 

d. Sept. 30, 1628. 




1628. Robert Grevii.le I., cousin of Fulke I. : Baron Brooke of Beau- 
champ's Court. 

B. 1607 ; 

educ. Cambridge ; 

st. Robert Greville, Esq., 1625-1628 ; 

M. P., Warwick, 1628; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Brooke, Sept. 30, 1628 ; 

Recorder of Warwick ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 

(Ripon), Sept., 1640 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 

(London), Nov. 23. 1640 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Warwick, (on nom. of 

Park.), Feb. 28, 1642; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, (' Purple Coats '), 

1642 ; 
Captain of a Troop of Horse, [Aug.], 1642 ; 
Major General, (for the Parlt.), cos. Warwick 

& Stafford, Jan. 7, 1643 > 

m. Lady Catherine Russell, eldest d. of Francis, 
4II1 Earl of Bedford ; 

killed at Lichfield, March 2, 1 643. 




Barons. 



Willis, iii. 



From a print. 





£_ 



Balfour, 
ii. 412. 

Ibid. 410. 



Journ. H of 
C. ii. 459- 



Broadside. 



246 BROOKE. 


1643. Francis Greville I., son of Robert I. : Baron Brooke of Beau- 


Bakons. 


champ's Court. 




B. before 1639; 




succ. as 3rd Baron Brooke, March 2, 1643 ; 




Recorder of Warwick ; 




d. Nov., 1658. 




1658. Robert Greville II., brother of Francis I. : Baron Brooke of Beau- 




champ's Court. 




: ^^^ B. before 1640; 




(l^il^pdSk succ. as 4th Baron Brooke, Nov., 1658; 




^W^^^^MM^WL Recorder of Warwick ; 




[$M\ ■^eIIm One of the six Peers deputed to invite the re- 




jy^^^SH^ tUrn ° f King Cnarles IF -' Ma y 3' i66 °; 


Journ. xi.12. 


fflfr 1 ^ ^fflBK^ 1 Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 




■/9)mt^ W' : ^|^Hffl|, Stafford, & city of Lichfield, Aug. 20, 




'I'tr'^mt / P^^^B^SmM High Steward of Stafford, 1674; 
/K^'^'lr fW^^^^^'w High Steward of Stratford-upon-Avon, 1674; 
\*§f '^T^^w^^^fi Justice of the Peace, cos. Warwick, Stafford, & 


Tat. 






'''M^M^m^' Middlesex ; 




^''Wm^'^^m^W^ nL -d' n:r - '■■ & co.-h. of Sir William Dodington, 
■' '"$■'- of Bremer, co. Hants ; 




After S. Cooper. d - F e b - r 3, ^7 7- 




1677. Fulke Greville II., brother of Robert II. : Baron Brooke of Beau- 




champ's Court. 




B. after March 2, 1643 ; 




'Well bred .... a fair com- succ - as 5 th B aron BROOKE, Feb. 13, 1677; 




plexion.'— J. Macky, Cha- Recorder of Warwick ; 




racters, p. 106. Recorder of Coventry, [1682] ; 




///. Sarah, d. of Alderman Das/m>ood, of London ; 




d. Oct 22, 1 7 10. 





BROOKE. 



247 



1 7 10. Fulke Greville III., grandson of Fulke II. : Baron Brooke of 

Beauchamp's Court. 

B. 1693 ; 

educ. University Coll., Oxford ; 
succ. as 6th Baron Brooke, Oct. 22, 17 10 ; 

d. Feb. 24, 171 1. 

171 1. William Greville, brother of Fulke III. : Baron Brooke of Beau- 

champ's Court. 

B. 1694; 

educ. Wadham Coll., Oxford ; 

succ as 7th Baron Brooke, Feb. 24, 171 1 ; 

Recorder of Warwick ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Nov. 4, 171 2 ; 

m. Mary Thymic, grand- daughter of Thomas, 
1st Viscount Weymouth ; 

d. July 28, 1727. 

1727. Francis Greville II., son of William : Earl Brooke, & Baron Brooke 

of Beauchamp's Court. 

B. 1719; 

succ. as 8th Baron Brooke, July 28, 1727 ; 

Recorder of Warwick ; 

cr. Earl Brooke of Warwick Castle, July 7, 

1746 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Warwick, July 6, 1749-June, 1757; 
K.T., March 29, 1753 ; 
cr. Earl of Warwick, Nov. 13, 1759 ; 

m. Elizabeth, eldest d. of Lord Archibald Hamil- 
ton, May 16, 1742 ; 

see title Warwick. 

Arms — Sable, on a cross within a bordure engrailed or, 5 pellets. 
Crests— 1, Out of a ducal coronet gules, a demi-swan, with wings expanded & 
elevated argent. 

2, A bear sejant, supporting a ragged staff argent, & muzzled gules. 

Supporters— Two swans, wings inverted, argent, ducally gorged gules. 

MCTTO— VlX EA NOSTRA VOCO. 



Barons. 



' Little Brooke. ' — HORACE 
Wai.pole, Letters, II., p. 29. 



BROWN LOW. 

CUST. 

1776. Brownlow Cust, son of Sir John Cust, Bart. : Baron Brownlow of 

Belton, & a Baronet. 

B. Dec. 3, 1744 ; 

st. Brownlow Cust, Esq., 1 762-1770 ; 

educ. Corpus Christi Coll., Cambridge ; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1 766 ; 

M.P., Ilchester, 1768-1774; 

succ. as 4th Baronet, Jan. 24, 1770; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 7, 1773 ; 

M.P., Grantham, 17 74- 17 76 ; 

cr. Baron Brownlow of Belton, May 20, 1776; 

m. (1) yocosa Catherine, d. &> co-h. of Sir 
Thomas Drury, Bart, Oct. 16, 1770 ; 

m. (2) Frances, d. &> h. of Sir Henry Banks, 
Knt., Aug. 31, 1776; 

d. Dec. 25, 1807. 



1807. John Cust, son of Brownlow (2) : Earl Brownlow, "Viscount Alford, 

Baron Brownlow of Belton, & a Baronet. 

B. Aug. 19, 1779; 

st. Hon. John Cust, 1 779-1807 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1801; 

M.P., Clitheroe, 1802; 1806; & 1 807-1 808; 

Major, 3rd (' Royal Lincoln ') Regt. of Militia, 

June 16, 1804; 
succ. as 2nd Baron Brownlow of Belton, 

Dec. 25, 1807; 
Lord Lieutenant, Custos Rotulorum, & Vice 

Admiral, co. Lincoln, March i, 1809- 

Aug., 1852 ; 
Colonel, South Lincolnshire Regt. of Militia, 

June 20, 181 1 ; 



Baron, 
Earls. 






BROWNLOW. 



■A9 



cr. Viscount Alford, & Earl Brownlow, Nov. 

27, 1815; 
Recorder of Boston, 1820 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 10, 1834; 
G.C.H., 1834; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 6, 1835; 
F.R.S., & F.A.S. ; 

m. (1) Sophia Hume, niece of John William, 

1th Earl of Bridgewater, July 24, 18 10; 

(d. Feb. 21, 1814); 
m. (2) Caroline, 2nd d. of George Fludyer, Esq., 

Sept. 22, 1818 ; (d. June 4, 1824); 
m. (3) Lady Emma Edgcumbe, d. of Richard, 

Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, July 24, 1828; 

d. Sept. 15, 1853. 



Earls. 




«4£0 



Arms— Ermine, on a chevron sable 3 fountains. 

Crest — A lion's head erased sable, collared paly wavy of 6 argent & azure. 
Supporters— Two lions regardant argent, collared paly wavy of 6 argent & azure. 
Motto— Opera illius mea sunt. 



1853. John William Spencer Cust, grandson of John (1) : Earl Brown- 
low, Viscount Alford, Baron Brownlow of 
Belton, & a Baronet. 

B. March 28, 1842 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl Brownlow, Sept. 15, 1853 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lincoln, July 10, i860; 

Captain, Ashridge Corps of Rifle Volunteers, 

Nov. 12, i860 ; 

d. Feb. 20, 1867. 



vol. 1. 



K K 



25° 



BROWNLOW. 



1867. Adalbert Wellington Cust, brother of John William : Earl Brown- 
low, Viscount Alford, Baron Brownlow of 
Belton, & a Baronet. 

B. Aug. 19, 1844; 

st. Hon. Adalbert Cust, 185 3-1 86 7 ; 

Lieutenant, Ellesmere Corps of Rifle Volunteers, 

June 2, i860 ; 
Lieutenant, Ashridge Corps of Rifle Volunteers, 

Nov. 12, 1860-Oct., 1863 ; 
Ensign & Lieutenant, Grenadier Regt. of Foot 

Guards, April 28, 1863 ; 
M.P., North Salop, 1865-1867 ; 
Captain, Ashridge Corps of Rifle Volunteers, 

June 13, 1866 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl Brownlow, Feb. 20, 1867 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Lincoln, Nov. 25, 1S67; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Lincoln, Dec. 4, 1867 ; 
Hon. Colonel, Royal South Lincoln Regt. of 

Militia, March 3, 1868; 
an Ecclesiastical Commissioner for England, 

June, 1872 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 23, 1874; 

m. Lady Adelaide Talbot, \th d. of Henry John, 
Earl of Shrewsbury 6° Talbot, June 22, 
1868. " 



I 



Arms— Quarterly, 1 & 4, Ermine, on a chevron sable 3 fountains, (Cust) ; 2 & 3, 
Argent, a lion rampant gules between 2 pheons' heads sable, (Egerton). 

Crests— 1, A lion's head erased sable, collared paly wavy of 6 argent & azure, 
(Cust). 
2, On a wreath, a lion rampant gules, holding a pheon or, headed & 
feathered argent, (EGERTON). 

Supporters— As above. 

Motto — Esse quam videri. 



Eaul. 



BUCKINGHAM. 



251 



BUCKINGHAM. 



GIFFARD. 



[1071]. Walter Giffard L, son of Osbern de Bolebec : Earl of Bucking- 
ham ; Lord of Longueville, in Normandy. 

B. before 10 15 ; 

Knight, [1053]; 

Lord of Longueville, in Normandy, [1053] ; 

furnished 30 ships for the invasion of England, 

1066 ; 
Commander in the Norman Army, (Hastings), 

Oct., 1066 ; 
cr. Earl of Buckingham, before 1071 ; 
Councillor to King William I. ; 

;//. Agnes, d. of Gerard Fleitel '; 

d. before 1084. 



Ki 



. . esteit de grant 
bonte. ' — R. Wace, Roman 
de Ron, II., p. 126. 



[1084], Walter Giffard II., son of Walter I. : Earl of Buckingham ; 

Lord of Longueville, in Normandy. 

B. before 1064 ; 

Knight ; 

Founder & Patron of Longueville Priory ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Buckingham, before 1084; 

Justiciar, or Commissioner, for Survey & Valua- 
tion of England, 1085 ; 

Commander in the Royal Army, (Normandy & 
the Vexin), 1097 , 

Witness to King Henry the First's Charter of 
Liberties, 1101 ; 

m. Agnes, sister of Anselm de Ribemont ; 

d. July 15, no2. 



K K 2 



'Strenuus baro.' — Orderic, 
1. xi., c. 4. 

' Dux virtute potens, & pietate 
nitens.' — Epitaph, ibid. 



Earls, 

Marquises. 

Dukes. 



Orderic 

I. iii. c. 14. 

Ibid. 

I. iv. c. 7 



Orderic. 
I. x. c. 5. 



252 



BUCKINGHAM. 



1 102. Walter Giffard III., son of Walter II. : Earl of Buckingham ; 

Lord of Longueville, in Normandy. 

B. before 1102 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Buckingham, July 15, 

1102 ; 
Knight, [n 1 9]; 
Commander in Royal Army, (Bre'mule), Aug. 20, 

1119; . 
Founder & Patron of Nutley Abbey, Bucks ; 
Chief Marshal of the King's Court, or Marshal 

of England ; 

m. Ermcntrude de ; 

d. 1 1 64. 



+ 



+ 



Earls. 



Orderic, 
1. xii. c. 18. 



MS. Ashm. 
856, f. 81. 



DE CLARE. 

116.. Richard de Clare, ' Strongbow,' son of Gilbert, Earl of Pem- 
broke : Earl of Pembroke, Striguil, & Buck- 
ingham. 

B. before 1147 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Pembroke & Striguil, r 148 ; 
styled himself Earl of Buckingham, {jure pro- 
avice), after 1164; 

see title Pembroke. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



BUCKINGHAM. 



253 




1377. Thomas 




From a drawing of his seal, (1391) : 
MS. Cott. Julius, C. vii. 



PLANT A GENET. 

of Woodstock,' 7th son of King Edward III. : Earl of 
Buckingham, Essex, & Northampton. 

B. Jan. 7, 1355 ; 

First Guardian & Lieutenant of England, 

July 1, 1355 ; 
Guardian & Lieutenant of England, Oct. 13. 

1359; 
Constable of England, June 10, 1376 ; 
Knight, (by King Edward III.), April 23, 1377; 
Keeper of the Castles of Brecknock, Haye, Hun- 

tyngdon, Chaldecote, & Newton, May 24, 

1377; 
cr. Earl of Buckingham, July 15, 1377 ; 
Bearer of the Sceptre with the Dove, Coron. of 

King Richard II., July 16, 1377 ; 



King, 



over sea, Oct. 12, 



Quarterly, I & 4, Azure, semee 
of fleurs de lys or, (France 
ancient) ; 2 & 3, Gules, 3 
lions passant gardant in pale 
or, (England) ; a bordure 
argent. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules, 
turned up ermine, a lion 
statant gardant or. 

Supporters— Two swans ar- 
gent, ducally collared & 
chained or. 



Lieutenant of the 

1377 ; 

K.G., April 23, 1380 ■ 

Lieutenant of the King, in the parts of France, 

June 26, 1 38 1 ; 
Chief Commissioner of ' Oyer & Terminer ' at 

Cambridge, Oct. 23, 
to 



1381; 



treat in Flanders, 



V 



Joint Commissioner 

Sept. 12, 13S3 ; 
Joint Commissioner 

May 27, 13S4 ; 
cr. Duke of Gloucester, 

m. Lady Eleanor de Bokun, cider d. 6° co.-h. of 

Humphrey, ith Earl of Hereford, 1374; 

see title Gloucester. 



to treat with France, 



Aug. 6, 1385 j 



Earl. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



R. pat. 2, 
m. n. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 3. 
R. pat. 1, 
m. iS. 



Orig. r. 7. 



Foed. iv. 9. 

R. Franc. 
1, m. 21. 



R. Franc, 
m. 29. 

R. pat. 

mm. 18-ic 

R. Franc, 
m. 24. 

R. Franc, 
m. 2. 



2 54 



BUCKINGHAM. 



STAFFORD. 



\J 



1444. 




Humphrey Stafford, son of Edmund, Earl of Stafford : Duke of 

Buckingham, Earl of Stafford, Buckingham, 
Hereford, Essex, Northampton, & Perche, 
Lord of Brecknock, Holderness, Cambridge, & 
Belesme. 

B. 1402 ; 

succ. as 6th Earl of Stafford, July 21, 1403 ; 

Knight, (by King Henry V.), April 22, 142 1 ; 

Privy Councillor, [Feb. 15, 1424]; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Warwick, Salop, Here- 
ford, York, Lancaster, Northampton, Lin- 
coln, Nottingham, Oxford, & Berks, 1424; 

Privy Councillor, (resworn), March 20, 1426; 

KG., April 22, 1428 ; 

Lieutenant-General of Normandy, 1430-1432; 

Captain of the Town & Castle of Vernon & 
Vernoncel, [March 27, 1431] ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 
May 23, 1439 ; 

st. Earl of Buckingham, [1439] > 

Captain of the Castle of Calais, [March 16, 1442]; 

Captain of the Town of Calais, Sept. 3, 1442 ; 

Lieutenant of the Town & Marches of Calais, 
& the Parts of Picardy, Flanders, & Artois, 
Sept. 4, 1442 ; 

cr. Uuke of Buckingham, Sept. 14, 1444; 

Joint Commissioner & Deputy to treat with 
French Ambassadors, July 20, 1445 ; 

Chief Ambassador to France, July 1, 1446 ; 

Deputy of the Order of the Garter, 1450; 

Lieutenant against rebels, June 10, 1450; 

Warden of the Cinque Ports, & Constable of 
Dover Castle, July 16, 1450 5 

Constable of Queenborough Castle, July 16, 

145°; 

a Commissioner to create & invest Edward, 
Prince of Wales, April 13, 1454; 



After C. Stothard. (From the tomb 
of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwick, 1454.) 



Duke. 



Acts Pr. C. 
iii. 143. 



Ibid. 224. 



MS. 21,156. 



R. Franc, 
m. 6. 



R. Franc. 
m. 19. 



Ibid. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 11. 
R. Franc. 

m. 4. 

R. pat. 
2, dors. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 19. 

Ibid. 



R. pat. 
m. 13, d- 





Royal Commissioner, (for a loan), in co. Essex, 
May 14, 1455 ; 

Joint Special Commissioner of ' Oyer & Deter- 
miner/ in London. 1456 ; 

Chief Guardian of the Truce with Scotland, 
Feb. 20, 1460 ; 

m. Lady Anne Neville, lot/i d. of Ralph, 1st 
Earl of Westmoreland ; 
killed at b. of Northampton, July 10, 1460. 



From his seal, (1431). 




f^>^ 



uWvt 



Arms — Or, a chevron gules. 

Crest — Out of a coronet or, a swan's head & neck between 2 wings elevated argent, 
the bill gules. 

Supporters— Two antelopes argent, with long horns curving slightly forward or. 

Badge— A cart-wheel, with flames issuant. 



1460. Henry Stafford, grandson of Humphrey : Duke of Buckingham, 

Earl of Stafford, Buckingham, Hereford, Essex, 
& Northampton, Lord of Brecknock, Holder 
ness, & Cambridge. 

B. (about) 1454 ; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Buckingham, July 10, 

1460; 
Knight of the Bath, May 3, 1465 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Stafford, Warwick, & 

Hereford, 1473 ; 
K.G., 1474 ; 
Steward of England, (for trial of George, Duke 

of Clarence), Feb. 7, 1478 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 

June 16, 1478 ; 



Authorised to bear the coat 
of Thomas of Woodstock 
alone {see p. 253), Feb. 18, 
1474. 

MS. Cott., Titus, C. 1. 



Dukes. 

Acts, Pr. C. 
vi. 239. 



R. Scot, m 



W. Wyrc. 

783. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 19. 

R. Franc, 
m. 11. 



25 6 



BUCKINGHAM. 




From MS. Ashmole, 1121. 

Badge— The Stafford knot, 
or. 



He was ... of nature mar- 
veilouslye well - spoken. ' — 
More, Hist. of King 
Richard III., p. 104. 



\y 



Privy Councillor, May, 14S3 ; 

Lieutenant of the King, in cos. Salop, Hereford, 

Somerset, Dorset, & Wilts, May, 5, 1483 ; 
Constable of the Royal Castles, & Steward of 

the Royal Manors, in cos. Salop, Hereford, 

Somerset, Dorset, & Wilts, May 15, 1483 ; 
Chief Justice & Chamberlain of North & South 

Wales, May 15, 1483 ; 
Warden of the Royal Forests in Wales & the 

Marches, May 15, 1483; 
Constable, Steward, & Receiver of all the Royal 

Castles & Honours in Wales & the Marches, 

May 15, 14S3; 
High Steward of Chesterfield & Scarsdale, 

May 15, 1483 ; 
Great Chamberlain of England, July [6], 1483 ; 
Steward of the Honour of Tutbury, & of the 

Castle, Town, & Lordship of Newcastle- 

under-Lyne, Constable of Tutbury Castle, 

& Master of Needwood Forest &: Duffield 

Chace, July 14, 1483 ; 
Constable of England, July 15, 1483 ; 
Constable & Steward of the Royal Castles & 

Lands, & Inspector of Array, in cos. Salop 

& Hereford, July 15, 1483 ; 
Constable, Steward, & Receiver of the Castle, 

& Lordship of Pembroke, July 15, 1483; 
Constable, Steward, & Receiver of Monmouth 

& Kidwelly, July 19, 1483 ; 
Sheriff, co. Carnarvon, 14S3 ; 

m. the Lady Kathcri?ic Wydevillc, sister to Queen 
^/ Elizabeth, Feb., 1466; 

beheaded at Salisbury, Nov. 2, 1483. 




Duke. 



Grants, K. 
Edw. V. 



Ibid. 



Ibid. 



Ibid. 



Ibid. 



Ibid. 



Lane. 
20. 

Pat. 1 



Re.e 



Ibid. m. 8. 



Pat. 



Lane. Reg. 
20. 



BUCKINGHAM. 



257 




After a painter unknown. 



i486. Edward Stafford, son of Henry : Duke of Buckingham, Earl of 

Stafford, Buckingham, Hereford, Essex, & 
Northampton, Lord of Brecknock, Holderness, 
Kimbolton, & Cambridge. 

B. Feb. 3, 1478; 

st. Lord Stafford, 1478-1486 ; 

Knight of the Bath, (by King Henry VII.), 

Oct. 29, 1485; 
restored, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, i486 ; 
K.G., 1495 ; 
Captain in the Royal Army, (West), Sept. 

1497 ; 
High Steward for Enthronement of Warham, 

Archbishop of Canterbury, March 9, 1504; 
Lord High Constable of England, June 23, 

I 5°9; 
Lord High Steward of England, (for Coron. of 

King Henry VIII.), June 24, 1509 ; 
Bearer of the Crown, Coron. of King Henry 

VIII., June 24, 1509 ; 
Privy Councillor, [Nov. 20,] 1509 ; 
Captain in English Army, (France,) June 25- 

Oct, 1513; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Stafford, Warwick, 

Salop, Hereford, Gloucester, Buckingham, 

Surrey, Kent, & Somerset ; 

;;/. Lady Alianor Percy, eldest d. of Henry, 4H1 
Earl of Northumberland, 1500 ; 

beheaded, May 17, 152 1. 

From MS. Add. 22,306. 



Quarterly, I. & IV., FRANCE 
modern, & England quar- 
terly, within a bordure ar- 
gent ; II. & III., Or, a 
chevron gules. 

Colours— Scarlet & black. 



Duke. 





+ 



VOL. I. 



+ 
L L 



+ 



Hall, 484. 

MS. Harl. 
532- 

S. P. 211. 



S. P. 



-13. 



MS. Tib. 
E. viii. 

S. P. 679. 



Chron. 
Calais, 12. 



258 



BUCKINGHAM. 



VILLIERS. 

161S. Mary Villiers, mother of George, Earl of Buckingham; Countess 

of Buckingham. 



Arms— Azure, semee de lys, 
a lion rampant or. 

Sutporters — Two lions or, 
gorged with plain collars 
azure charged with 3 fleurs 
de lys of the first. 



+ 



B. 1570; 

cr. Countess of Buckingham, July 1, 1618 ; 
Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Henrietta 
Maria, [Aug. 11], 1626; 

;//. (1) Sir George Villiers, Knt., of Brookesby ; 
m. (2) Sir William. Rayner, Knt, June 19, 1606; 
m. (3) Sir Thomas Compton, K.B. ; 

d. April 19, 1632. 



+ 



VILLIERS. 

161 7. George Villiers, son of Sir George Villiers, Knt. : Duke of Buck- 
ingham, Marquis & Earl of Buckingham, Earl of 
Coventry, Viscount Villiers, & Baron Villiers of 
Whaddon. 



Countess, 
Dukes. 



MS. Harl. 

383- 




B. Aug. 28, 



*59 2 



161 



j > 



After G. Honthorst (in the Col- 
lection of Lord Arundell of 
Wardour). 



Cupbearer, at large, to King James I., 

Cupbearer in Ordinary, 16 14 ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James I., 

April 23, 1615; 
Knight, (by King James I.), April 24, 161 5 j 
Master of the Horse, Jan. 4, 1616; 
K.G., April 23, 1616; 
High Steward of the Manor of Hampton Court, 

June 14, 1 6 16 ; 
Keeper of Whaddon Park & Chase, July 17, 

1616; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests, Parks, Chaces, & Warrens, North 

of Trent, July 23, 1616-Nov. 13, 1619; 
High Steward of Westminster ; 
Master of the King's Bench Office ; 



Camden, 12. 

MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 

Camden, 16. 



Pat. 26. 



S. M. vi. 



Sign Man. 
vi. 74. 



BUCKINGHAM. 



2 59 



1613. — ' His fust introduction 
to favour was purely from 
the handsomeness of his 
person.' — Lord Claren- 
don, Hist., I., p. 14. 



' A most manly & comely per- 
son.' — Sir Philip War- 
wick, Memoirs, p. 4. 



' Of straight & goodly stature.' 

' Exceeded in the daintiness of 
his leg & foot.' — Sir Henry 
WOTTON, Reliquia, p. 170. 



1621. — 'I saw everiething in 
him full of delicacie & hand 
some features.' — Sir Sl- 
monds D'Ewes, Autobiog., 
I., 166. 



' Of all others was most active; 
he had a very lovely com- 
plexion ; he was the hand- 
somest-bodied man in Eng- 
land, his limbs so well com- 
pacted.' — Bishop Good- 
man, I., p. 225. 



' Per la bellezza, grazia, & leg- 
giadria del corpo, a tutti 
gli esercizi mirabilmente dis- 

postO.' — GlROLAMO LANDO, 

Relazionc, p. 244. 



cr. Baron Villi ers of Whaddon, & Viscount 

Villi ers, Aug. 27, 161 6 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Buckingham, Sept. 16, 

1616 ; 
cr. Earl of Buckingham, Jan. 5, 1617 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 4, 161 7; 
Joint Commissioner for Office of Earl Marshal, 

March 8, 161 7 ; 
Privy Councillor of Scotland, May, 161 7; 
Member of the Council of Wales, Aug. 12,1617; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Buckingham, Feb. 1, 

1618; 
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, & Constable 

of Dover Castle, Dec. 6, 1618-July, 1628; 
cr. Marquis of Buckingham, Jan 1, 1619; 
Lord High Admiral of England, Jan. 28, 1619; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests, South of Trent, Nov. 13, 16 19; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Kent, May 31 -June 8, 

1620 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, May 6, 1622; 
High Steward of the Honour of Grafton, 

Dec. 20, 1622; 
cr. Earl of Coventry, & Duke of Buckingham, 

May 18, 1623 ; 
Constable of Windsor Castle, & W r arden of the 

Forest, 1624; 
High Steward of Windsor, Jan. 1, 1625 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

I., April, 1625 ; 
Chief Commissioner of the Council of War, 

April 14, 1625 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, May 13- 

June 13, 1625 ; 
General of the Fleet and Army, June 17, 1625 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to the Hague, 

Oct. [i2]-Dec, 1625 ; 
Lord High Constable of England, (for Coron. of 

King Charles L), Feb. 2, 1626 ; 
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, 

June 1, 1626; 
l l 2 



Duke. 



Pat. p. 22. 



S. Man. 
vi. 48. 
Dom. 
xcii. 43. 
Lorn, xciii. 
17- 



Pat. 



Pat. 17. 



Pat. p. 18. 
Pat. p. 14. 

Pat. 



MS. Ashm. 
1 1 26. 



Dom. ii. 55. 
Conway, 21. 

Ibid. 231. 



C. H. C. 

iii. 186. 



260 



BUCKINGHAM. 



1626. — ' M r le due . . . parut 
extreordinairement, tant par 
sa personne, quy estoit ties 
belle, que par ses pierre- 
ries & habillemens ' &c. — 
Bassomi'ierre^Aw.JII., 
p. 204. 



Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, Nov., 

1626 ; 
Custos Brevium in the Court of Common Pleas ; 
in. Lady Katherine Manners, d. <5^ h. of Francis, 

Earl of Rutland, May 16, 1620; 

murdered at Portsmouth, Aug. 23, 1628. 




Arms— Quarterly of 6 : 1, Argent, on a cross gules 5 escallops or ; 2, Sable, a 
fess between 3 cinquefoils argent ; 3, Per pale gules & sable, a lion rampant 
argent, crowned or ; 4, Azure, a bend between 3 mullets pierced argent ; 5, 
Gules, a chevron between 3 cross crosslets fitchee argent ; 6, Argent, a plain 
cross, & in the 1st & 4th quarters an annulet vert. 

Crest — A lion rampant argent, ducally crowned or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a dapple-grey horse. Sinister, a stag argent, attired or. 

Motto— Fidei coticula crux. 



1628. George Villiers, son of George: Duke of Buckingham, Marquis & 

Earl of Buckingham, Earl of Coventry, Viscount 
Villiers, Baron Roos of Hamlake & Villiers of 
Whaddon. 



B. Jan. 30, 162S ; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Buckingham, 

1628; 
educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 



Au 



&• 



23, 



Dukes. 
Dom. xli. 3. 



BUCKINGHAM. 



261 




After Sir P. Lely. 



1648. — 'Strong & active.'— 
Clarendon, Hist., VI., p. 5. 



' This duke was the finest gen- 
tleman of person & wit I 
think I ever saw.' — Sir 
John Reresby, Memoirs, 
p. 40. 



'A man of a noble presence.' 
— Burnet, Own Tune, I., 
171. 



' II etoit parfaitement bien 
fait.' ' Plein d'esprit & de 
feu.'— Ant. Hamilton, I., 
202, & 143. 



M.A. of Cambridge, March 5, 1642 ; 

K.G., Sept. 19, 1649 ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

II., 1650-1657; 
Privy Councillor, April 6, 1650; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Scotland), May, 

1651J 
Bearer of the Orb, Coron. of King Charles II., 

April 23, 1 66 1 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

II., July 9, 1661-March, 1667 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, 1661 ; 
.Member of the Soc. of the Inner Temple, 1661 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, West Riding, co. York, 

Sept. 21, 1661-March 14, 1667; 
Privy Councillor, April 28, 1662 ; 
Captain of a Troop of Horse, June 30, 1666 ; 
a Commissioner of Appeal on Prizes, Aug. 13, 

1666; 
admitted {jure matris) as Baron Roos of 

Hamlake, Feb. 5, 1667 ; 
Privy Councillor, Sept. 13, 1667 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

II., Sept. 13, 1667 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, West Riding & City of York, 

Nov. 22, 1667-Feb. 24, 1674; 
Master of the Horse, July 6, 1668-May, 1674; 
High Steward of Oxford, Aug. 16, 1669; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Feb. 29, 

1670; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, June, 1670; 
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, 

May n, 1671-July, 1674; 
a Lord of Foreign Plantations, May 26, 167 1 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, 167 t ; 
Joint Ambassador Extraordinary to Louis XIV., 

& Congress of Utrecht, June 21, 1672 ; 
Master Forester & Keeper of Enfield Chace, 

Nov. 18, 1672-March 25, 1675 ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Forces, May 13- 

July, 1673 j 



Duke. 



P. C. Reg. 

Balfour, 
iv. 301. 

Walker, 
p. 90. 

Establ. 
Bk. 98. 
Dom. x.xxiii. 
107. 



Pat. 

Dom. clx. 
Pat. 4. 



Wood, iv. 
20S. 



Ibid. 



Pat. p. 4. 



C. H. C. 

iii. 546. 



For. Entr. 
Bk. 14. 

Lane. Div. 
xii. 39. 



Mil Bk. 



2b2 



BUCKINGHAM, 



'No man was ever handsomer, 
or more nicely made.' - 
Countess D'Aulnoy, p. n. 

1686. —'Worn to a thread.' 
— Ellis Correspondence, I., 
p. 64. 



Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, 1673 ; 

High Steward of the City of York, 1673-16S3 ; 

a Lord of the Admiralty, July 9, 1673-Sept. 14, 

1677; 

m. Mary, d. 6° //. of Thomas, Lord Fairfax, 

1657; 

d. April 16, 1687. 



Duke, 
Makquis. 




+ 



+ 



+ 



SHEFFIELD. 

see title Buckinghamshire. 



+ 



+ 



GRENVILLE. 

1784. George Temple Nugent-Grenville, nephew of Richard, 1st Earl 

Temple; Marquis of Buckingham, Earl Temple, 
Viscount & Baron Cobham; Earl Nugent, in 
Ireland. 

B. June 17, 1753; 

st. George Grenville, Esq., 1771-1779; 
One of the Tellers of the Exchequer, April, 
1763; 



BUCKINGHAM 



263 




After T. Gainsborough. 



M.P., co. Buckingham, 1 774-1 779 ; 

Captain, Buckinghamshire Regt. of Militia, 

March 26, 1778 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl Temple, Sept. n, 1779; 
took the names of Nugent-Temple, Dec. 2, 

1779 ; 

Colonel, Buckinghamshire Regt. of Militia, 
Nov. 7, 1780-Oct. 11, 1803 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Buck- 
ingham, March 30, 1782 ; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, July 31, 1782- 
June 3, 1783 ; 

Privy Councillor, July 31, 1782 ; 

Grand Master, (Founder), of the Order of St. 
Patrick, Feb. 5, 1783; 

Secretary of State, Dec. 19-23, 1783; 

cr. Marquis of Buckingham, Dec. 4, 1784; 

K.G., June 3, 1786; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Nov. 2, 1787- 
Oct. 14, 1789 ; 

Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 
Dec. 16, 1787-1789; 

Colonel in the Army, (during service), March 14, 

1794; 

High Steward of Westminster, 1 794 ; 

Captain, Bucks Troop of Gentlemen and Yeo- 
manry, May 16, 1795; 

Colonel, ' Hinkford Hundred' Regt. of Volun- 
teers, Jan. 24, 1804 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 3, 1810 ; 

m. Lady Mary Elizabeth Nugent, d. 6° h. of 
Robert, Earl Nugent, April 16, 1775 ) 

d. Feb. 11, 1813. 



Marquis. 




^L 




1813. Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, son of 

George: Duke & Marquis of Buckingham & 
Chandos, Earl Temple & Temple of Stowe, 
Viscount & Baron Cobham ; Earl Nugent, in 
Ireland. 

B. March 20, 1776 ; 

st. Earl Temple, 1784-1813; 

educ. Magdalen Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.P., co. Buckingham, 1797; 1802; 1S06; 
1807 ; & 1812-1813 ; 

Captain-Lieutenant, Bucks Regt. of Gentry & 
Yeomanry, June 3, 1800 ; 

a Commissioner for the Affairs of India, July 
2, 1800-March, 1S01 ; 

Colonel, Bucks Regt. of Militia, Oct. 11, 1S03; 

Privy Councillor, Feb. 5, 1806 ; 

Vice President of the Board of Trade & Plan- 
tations, Feb. 5, r8o6-March, 1807; 

Joint Paymaster-General of the Forces, Feb. 15, 
1806-March, 1807 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 3, 1810 ; 

succ. as 2nd Marquis of Buckingham, Feb. 11, 

1813; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Buck- 
ingham, Feb. 23, 1813 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 5, 1819; 

K.G., June 7, 1820; 

cr. Earl Temple of Stowe, Marquis of Chandos, 
& Duke of Buckingham & Chandos, 
Feb. 4, 1822 ; 

Lord Steward of the Household, July 28- 
Nov. 22, 1830 ; 

;;/. Lady Anne- Eliza JBrydgcs, d. 6° //. of James, 
yd Duke of Chandos, April 16, 1796; 

d. Jan. 17, 1839. 



Duke. 



After J. Jackson. 



BUCKINGHAM. 



265 



1839. Richard Plantagenet - Temple - Nugent - Brydges - Chandos 

Grf.nville, son of Richard : Duke & Marquis 
of Buckingham & Chandos, Earl Temple, & 
Temple of Stowe, Viscount & Baron Cobham ; 
Earl Nugent, in Ireland. 



Duke. 




of Yeomanry, 



From a private plate. 



B. Feb. n, 1797 ; 

st. Earl Temple, 1813-1822 ; 

Captain, 2nd ' Bucks ' Regt. 

June 15, 1813; 
M.P., co. Buckingham, 1S1S ; 1820 ; 1826 ; 

1830 ; 1831 ; 1S32 ; 1835 ; & 1837-1839; 
st. Marquis of Chandos, 1822-1839; 
High Steward of Winchester; 
G.C.H., 1835; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Buckingham, Jan. 17, 

l8 39; 
Colonel, Royal Bucks Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Sept. 23, 1839; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Sept. 3, 1841- 

Jan., 1842 ; 
Privy Councillor, Sept. 3, 1841 ; 
K.G., April 11, 1842 ; 

in. Lady Mary Campbell, d. of John, \st Marquis 
of Breadalbane, May 13, 1 8 1 9 ; 

d. July 29, 1 86 1. 



1 86 1 . Richard Plantagenet-C ampbell-Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chan- 

dos-Grenville, son of Richard II. : Duke & 
Marquis of Buckingham & Chandos, Earl 
Temple, & Temple of Stowe, Viscount & 
Baron Cobham : Earl Nugent, in Ireland ; 
Baron Kinloss, in Scotland. 



B. Sept. 10, 1823 ; 

st. Earl Temple, 1823- 



18' 



VOL. I. 



st. Marquis of Chandos, 1839-1861 ; 
educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 
Lieutenant, Royal Bucks Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Aug. 22, 1843 ; 
Captain, do., Sept. 27, 1845; 

M M 



2 66 



BUCKINGHAM. 



Deputy Lieutenant, co. Northampton, May, 

1846 ; 
M. P., Buckingham, 1846)1847; 1852; 1857; 

& 1859-1861 ; 
a Lord of the Treasury, Feb. 28-Dec. 28, 

1852 ; 
Keeper of the Privy Seal to the Prince of Wales, 

March, 1852 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Buckingham, July 12, 

1852 ; 
Special Deputy Warden of the Stannaries, Oct., 

1852 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 7, 1853 ; 
succ. as 3rd Duke of Buckingham, July 29, 

1S61 ; 
Chairman of Executive Committee, Royal Com- 
mission for Great Exhibition of 1862 ; 
Lieut.-Colonel Commandant, Royal Bucks Regt. 

of Yeomanry, May 27, 1S62 j 
Hon. Colonel, 1st (London) Batt. of Artillery 

Volunteers, July 10, 1865; 
Privy Councillor, July 6, 1866 ; 
Lord President of the Council, July 6, 1866 ; 
Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 

March 8, 1867-Dec. 9, 1868 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Buckingham, (swn.) April 3, 1868; 
Governor of Madras, July 28, 1875-1880; 
Grand Commander of the Star of India, June 2, 

1876; 
Hon. Colonel of Yeomanry, July 1, 1881; 

m. Caroline, d. of Robert Harvey, Esq., of Lang- 
Icy Park, Bucks, Oct. 2, 1S51 ; (d. Feb. 28, 
1874). 



Duke. 



BUCKINGHAM. 



267 



Arms — Quarterly of 6. 1, Vert, on a cross argent 5 lorteaux, (Grenville). 2, 
LEOFRIC & TEMPLE, quarterly, viz., or, an eagle displayed sable, for Leofric; 
quartering argent 2 bars sable, each charged with 3 martlets or, for Temple. 
3, Ermine, 2 bars gules, (Nugent). 4, Argent, on a cross sable a leopard's 
face or, (Brydges). 5, Or, a pile gales, (Chandos). 6, As the 1st. 

Crests— 1, A garb vert, (Grenville). 

2, On a ducal coronet a martlet or, (Temple). 

3, The bust of a man in profile, vested paly of 6 argent & gules semee of 

torteaux & plates, wreathed round the temples argent & sable, 
(Brydges). 

4, A Saracen's head couped at the shoulders & affronte proper, wreathed 

round the temples argent & sable, (Chandos). 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion per fess embattled or & gules. Sinister, a horse 
argent, semee of eaglets displayed sable. 

Motto — Templa quam dilecta. 



Duke. 



M M 2 



268 



B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 



BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 

SHEFFIELD. 

1703. John Sheffield, son of Edmund, 2nd Earl of Mulgrave : Duke of 

Buckinghamshire & Normanby, Marquis of 
Normanby, Earl of Mulgrave, & Baron Sheffield 
of Botterwick. 

B. Sept. 8, 1647 j 

succ. as 3d Earl of Mulgrave, Aug. 24, 1658; 

Volunteer with the Fleet, 1666 ; 

Captain of a Troop of Horse, June 13, 1667 ; 

Vice Admiral, co. York, May 21, 1669-Nov., 

1682 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

II., Feb., 1673-Nov., 1682 ; 
Captain, 'Royal Catherine,' 1673; 
Colonel, ' Old Holland ' Regt. of Foot, Dec. 

12, 1673-Nov. 6, 16S2 ; 
K.G., April 23, 1674; 
Lord Lieutenant, East Riding co. York, 

Dec. 1, 1679-Nov., 1682 ; 
Governor & Captain of Hull, Dec. 1, 1679- 
Nov. 17, 1682 ; 
Colonel (3rd) 'Old Holland' Regt. of Foot, 

Jan. 26, 1684-Oct. 25, 1685 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James 

II., May 16, 1685 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 24, 1685 ; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Oct. 20, 

1685-Dec. 18, 1688 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 2, 1685 ; 
a Commissioner for Ecclesiastical Causes in 

England & Wales, Nov. 22, 1686-1688 ; 
Vice Admiral, cos. York, Northumberland, & 

Durham, Feb. 12, 16S7 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, East Riding, co. York, 

Aug. 7, 1687-Oct. 5, 1688; 




After J. Smith (1687-ie 



Dukes. 
Earls. 



Ent. Bk. 20. 

Mun. Bk. ii. 
Signet Bk. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 69. 



Mil. Ent. 

Bk. 1. 



Establ. Bk. 
182 a. 

Ibid. 

Pat. 11, d. 
Mun. Bk. iii. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 69. 



B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 



269 



1704. — 'He is of a middle 
stature, of a brown complex- 
ion, with a sour, lofty look.' 
— J. Macky, p. 20. 



' The Duke . . . was tall ; 
& tho' he was not perhaps 
the most exactly shaped, 
being thought a little too 
long-waisted, & rather too 
narrow in his chest & shoul- 
ders ; yet all together, he 
looked more like a man of 
quality than most of those 
of his rank who lived at the 
same time with him. . . . 
He had an air of grandeur 
which gave you an impres- 
sion he was of more than 
common quality. He was 
allowed to be handsome, 
his face being a regular oval, 
& all the features of it well- 
proportioned. His counte- 
nance had an extraordinary 
sweetness, joined with a 
lively & penetrating look.' 
— '■Character, in his Works, 
IT., 236. 



Privy Councillor, May 3, 1694; 

cr. Marquis of Normanby, May 10, 1694 ; 

Privy Councillor, April 21, 1702; 

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, April 21, 1702- 

March 26, 1705 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, North 

Riding, co. York, June 11, 1702-April, 

1705 ; 

cr. Duke of Normanby, March 9, 1 703 ; 

cr. Duke of (the county of) Buckingham, 

March 23, 1703 ; 
a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland, 

April 10, 1706 ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, Sept. 21, 

1710; 
Privy Councillor, Sept. 21, 1710; 
Lord President of the Council, June 12, 171 1- 

Sept. 22, 1 7 14 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Middlesex, Sept. 5, 1711-Sept, 1714 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, North Riding, co. York, 

Sept. 5, 1711-Sept, 17 14 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, East Riding, co. York, 

Sept. 5, 1711-Sept., 1714 ; 
One of the Lords Justices of Great Britain, 

Aug. 1 -Sept. 18, 1 7 14; 

;;/. ( 1 ) Ursula ( Stawelt), dowager- Countess of 

Conway, March 18, 1686 ; 
m. (2) Catherine {Greville), dowager- Countess of 

Gainsborough, March 12, 1699; 
;;/. (3) Catherine, ex- Countess of A ' ng/esea, tiat. d. 
of King James II., March 1, 1706 ; 

d. Feb. 24, 1721. 



BMLnmnU 



Duke. 



Gaz. 



Ibid. 



Ibid. 



270 



B VCKINGBAMSHIRE. 



1721. Edmund Sheffield, son of John (3): Duke of Buckinghamshire, 

Duke & Marquis of Normanby, Earl of Mul- 
grave, & Baron Sheffield of Botterwick. 

B. Jan. 11, 1 7 16 ; 

st. Marquis of Normanby, 1716-1721 ; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Buckinghamshire, 
Feb. 24, 1 72 1 ; 

d. Oct. 30, 1735. 



Arms — Arg nt, a chevron between 3 garbs gules. 

Crest — On a wreath a boar's head & neck erased or. 

Supporters — On the Dexter side, a boar or ; on the Sinister, an unicorn ermine, 
his horn, crest, prince's collar, chain, tufts, & hoofs or. 

Motto— Compter sed fortiter. 



+ 



+ 



Dike. 



B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 



271 



HOB ART. 

1746. John Hobart, son of Sir Henry Hobart, Bart. : Earl of Bucking- 
hamshire, Baron Hobart of Blickling, & a 
Baronet. 

B. before 1695 ; 

succ. as 5th Baronet, Aug. 21, 1698 ; 

educ. Clare Hall, Cambridge ; 

M.P., St. Ives, 1715 ; & 1722-1727 ; 

Vice Admiral, co. Norfolk, April 17, 1719; 

a Lord of Trade & Foreign Plantations, Sept, 22. 

1721; 
Knight of the Bath, May 27, 1725; 
Treasurer of the Chamber, Sept. 9, 1727 ; 
M.P., co. Norfolk, 1727-1728 ; 
cr. Baron Hobart of Blickling, May 28, 

1728; 
Assay-Master for the Duchy of Cornwall, 

[i737]; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Nor- 
folk, Dec. 10, 1739 : 

Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 
Dec. 24, 1744; 

Privy Councillor, Jan. 3, 1745 ; 

cr. Earl of Buckinghamshire, Sept. 5, 1746; 

///. (1) Judith, d. of Robert Britiffe, Esq., of 
Bacons Thorpe, co. A r orfolk, [1722]; 

m. (2) Elizabeth, sister of Robert Br is tow, Esq., 
Feb. 10, 1728 ; 

d. Sept. 22, 1756. 




Earl. 



Mun. Bk. 



After T. Hudson. 



' I met Lord Hobart .... 
who accosted me with his 
usual good-nature & com- 
plaisance.' — Lord Bath- 
irst, July, 1734; Suffolk 
letters, II., p. 80. 




Gaz. 



Appmt. 
Bk. 95. 



272 



B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 



'756. 



John Hobart II., son of John I. (1) : Earl of Buckinghamshire, 

Baron Hobart of Blickling, & a Baronet. 

B. 1722 ; 

st. Hon. John Hobart, 1728-1746; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Norfolk, Oct. 4, 1745; 

st. Lord Hobart, 1 746-1756 ; 

M.P., Norwich, 1747 ; & 1 754-1 756 ; 

Comptroller of the Household, Dec, 1755 

Nov. 15, 1756; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 27, 1756; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire, 

Sept. 22, 1756 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 

Nov. 15, 1756; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

Nov. 25, 1760-Nov., 1767; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 

St. Petersburg, July 17, 1762-Jan. 1, 1765 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Dec. 18, 1776- 

Dec. 23, 1780 ; 
F.S.A., April 1, 1784; 

m. (1) Mary Anne, d. & co-h. of Sir Thomas 
Drury, Bart., July 15, 1762; (d. Dec. 

3°, i7 6 9); 
in. (2) Caroline, d. of William Conolly, Esq., of 

Stratton Hall, co. Stafford, Sept. 24, 1770; 

(d. Jan. 26, 181 7) ; 

d. Aug. 3, 1793. 




After T. Gainsborough. 



1746. — ' Fat, fair, sweet, & 
seen through in a moment.' 
— Horace Walpole, Let- 
ters, II., p. 26. 



' Had too cold, stiff, & lofty a 
deportment ... to acquire 
general attachment ' in Ire- 
land.— Sir N. W. Wrax- 
all, Hist. Mem., II., 344. 




Earl. 



B UC KING HA M SHIRE. 



273 



1793. George Hobart, half-brother of John II. : Earl of Buckinghamshire, 

Baron Hobart of Blickling, & a Baronet. 

B. after 1729; 

educ. Westminster 5 

st. Hon. George Hobart, [i733]-i 793 3 

M.P., St. Ives, 1754; 

M.P., Beeralston, 1761; 1768; & 1774-1780: 

Secretary of Embassy at St. Petersburg, July 1 7, 

1762 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire, Aug. 3, 

1793; 
Colonel, 3rd Regt. of Lincolnshire Militia, 

April 29, 1797 ; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), Jan. 12, 

1799; 
m. Albhiia, d. &= co-h. of Lot d Vcre Bertie, 
May, 1757; 

d. Nov. 14, 1804. 



Earls. 



1804. Robert Hobart, son of George: Earl of Buckinghamshire, Baron 

Hobart of Bliekling, & a Baronet. 

B. May 6, 1760 ; 

educ. Westminster ; 

st. Robert Hobart, Esq., 1776-1793; 

Lieutenant, 7th (' Royal Fusilier ') Regt. of Foot, 
May i, 17763 

Captain, 30th Regt. of Foot, July 23, 1778; 

Major, 18th Regt. of Light Dragoons, Aug. 15, 
1783-Nov. 2, 1784 ; 

Aide-de-Camp to the Duke of Rutland, (Ireland), 
1784; 

Inspector of Recruiting in Ireland, [17SS]- 
Oct, 1789 ; 

M.P., Armagh, (Irish Parlt.), 1787 ; & 1790; 

Aide-de-Camp to the Marquis of Buckingham, 
(Ireland), Dec, 17S7; 

M.P., Bramber, 1788-1790; 

Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, April, 1 789-1 793 ; 

vol. t. N N 




After Sir T. Lawrence. 



274 



B UCKIXGIIAMSIJIRE. 



1801. — 'Lord Hobart is now 
about 40 years of age, his 
person rather above the mid- 
dle size, remarkably stout, 
& particularly neat . . . 
his manner ever prepossess- 
ing you with the idea of a 
perfect gentleman. ' — Public 
Characters, 1800-1801, p. 
248. 



Privy Councillor, of Ireland, April 21, 1789 ; 

M. P., Lincoln, 1 790-1 794; 

Privy Councillor, May 1, 1793 ; 

st. Lord Hobart, 1 793-1804 ; 

Governor of Madras, Oct. 1793-Oct. 1797 ; 

a Lord of the Treasury of Ireland, Dec. 5, 

1793; 
Clerk of the Common Pleas in the Court of 

Exchequer, (Ireland), May 23, 1798; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Hobart of Buck- 
ling, Nov. 30, 1798 ; 

Secretary of State for the Colonial & War De- 
partment, March 17, 1 801 -May 14, 1S04 ; 

Colonel, '• Queen's Royal ' Regt. of Volunteers, 
Aug. 9, 1803 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire, 
Nov. 14, 1804 ; 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Jan. 14- 
July 5, 1805 ; 

Joint Postmaster-General, Feb. 15, 1806- 
May 5, 1S07; 

President of the Board of Control for the Affairs 
of India, April 4, 1812-1816 ; 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, May 23- 
June 23, 18 1 2 ; 

m. (1) Margaretta, widow of Thomas Adda-ley, 
Esq., of Innishannon, co. Cork, Jan. 4, 
1792; 

m. (2) Hon. Eleanor Agnes Eden, d. of William, 
\st Lord Auckland, June 1, 1799; 

d. Feb. 4, 181 6. 




Earl. 



B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 



275 



1S16. George Robert Hobart-Hampden, nephew of Robert : Earl of 

Buckinghamshire, Baron Hobart of Blickling, 
& a Baronet. 

B. May 1, 1789; 

educ. Westminster ; 

st. George Robert Hobart, 1807-1816; 

M.P., St. Michaels, 1812-1813 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Buckinghamshire, Feb. 4, 

1816 ; 
took the name of Hampden, (only), Oct. 5, 

1824; 

;;/. Anne Glover, d. of Sir Arthur Bigot, Knt., 
May 3, 1 81 9; 

d. Feb. t, 1S49. 



Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Argent, a saltire gules between 4 eagles displayed azure, 
(Hampden). 2 & 3, Sable, an estoile or, between 2 flanches ermine, (Hobart). 

Crests — 1, A talbot statant ermine collared, & line tied in a knot over die back 
gules, (Hampden). 
2, A bull statant, per pale sable & gules, semee of bezants, & a ring 
affixed in the nose or, (Hobart). 

Supporters— Dexter, a buck. Sinister, a talbot ; both regardant proper, & gorged 
with a radiant collar & in line reflexed over the back or. 

Mottoes — 1, Auctor pretiosa facit. 

2, Vestigia nulla retrorsum. 



1849. Augustus Edward Hobart, brother of George Robert: Earl of 

Buckinghamshire, Baron Hobart of Blickling 
& a Baronet. 

B. Nov. 1, 1793 ; 

educ. Westminster, & Brasenose Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, Oct. 10, 1815 ; 

st. Rev. Augustus Edward Hobart, [181 7]- 

1849 ; 
Rector of Bennington, co. Lincoln, Dec. 14, 

1817; 
M.A. of Oxford, May 13, 1818 ; 

N N 2 



Earls. 



276 



B UCKINGHAMSHIRE. 



Licensed to take the name & 
arms of Hampden, (see p. 
275). Aug. 5, 1878. 



Rector of Walton-on-the-Woulds, co. Leicester, 

July 5, 1820; 
Prebendary of Wolverhampton ; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Buckinghamshire, Feb. 1, 

1849; 

m. (1) Maty, d. of John Williams, Esq., 
Sept. 12, 1816; (d. Jan. 25, 1825); 

7>i. (2) Maria Isabella, d. of the Rev. Godfrey, 
Egremont, Aug. 15, 1826; (d. March 20, 
i873); 



Earl. 



Arms —Sable, an estoile or, between 2 flanches ermine. 

Crest — A bull statant, per pale sable & gules, semee of bezants, & a ring affixed 
in the nose or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a buck. Sinister, a talbot ; both regardant proper, & gorged 
with a radiant collar & in line reflexed over the back or. 





BURLINGTON. 


277 




BURLINGTON. 


Earls. 




BOYLE. 




1 664. Richard Boyle 


II., son of Richard, 1st Earl of Cork : Earl of Bur- 
lington & Cork, Viscount Dungarvan, Baron 
Clifford of Lanesborough & Boyle of Youghal. 




s^smm^. 


B. 1612 ; 




M "" ■'(' x^ 


st. Viscount Dungarvan, 1620-1643 ; 




tm 


M. P., Appleby, 1640; & 1640-1644; 




Governor of Youghal, 1641 ; 


Journ. H. of 


Captain of a Troop of Horse, (Ireland), [Jan., 


C, ii. 


1642] ; 


Ibid. 389. 


f'> " % V N" "^Pf "' 


Commander of Forces, (Ireland), 1642 ; 




^f§ 


Joint Commissioner for the Park, at Conference 




^ of Oxford, March-April 15, 1643; 




W succ. as 2nd Earl of Cork, (in Ireland), Sept., 




1643 ; 




cr. Baron Clifford of Lanesborough, Nov. 4, 




1644; 






Lord High Treasurer of Ireland, Nov. 15, 




After Van Dyck. 


1660 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Middlesex, & the East 


Pat. 38. 




& West Ridings, co. York, 1661 ; 


Pat. 31, d. 




Constable of Knaresborough Castle, Master of 






the Game, & Bailiff of Knaresborough & 






Staincliffe, 1661 ; 


Dom. Ivi. 




Privy Councillor, of Ireland, June 24, 1661 ; 






Governor of Haulbowline Fort, Jan. 31, 1662; 






Surveyor of the Customs & Subsidies at the 






Port of London, Oct. 25, 1662; 


Pat. 




cr. Earl of Burlington, March 20, 1664 ; 






Lord Lieutenant, West Riding, co. York, 






March 14-Oct, 1667; 


Pat. 




Lord Lieutenant, & Custos Rotulorum, West 






Riding, co. York, April 30, 1679-168S; 


Mil. Bk.3. 


1 


Recorder of the city of York, 1685-1 688 ; 





278 



BURLINGTON. 



in. Lady Elizabeth Clifford, only d. &> h. of 
Henry, $th EaH of Cumberland, July 5, 

1635; 

d. Jan 15, 1698. 




1698. 



Charles Boyle, grandson of Richard I. : Earl of Burlington & 

Cork, Viscount Dungarvan, Baron Clifford of 
Lanesborough & Boyle of Youghal. 

B. before 1674; 

st. Lord Clifford, Oct. 12, 1694-16983 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Clifford of Lanes- 
borough, Nov. 20, 1694; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Kins: William 
III., April 2, 1697; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Burlington, Jan. 15, 
1698 ; 

Hereditary Lord High Treasurer of Ireland; 

Custos Rotulorum, West Riding, co. York, 
Aug. 9, 1699; 

Lord Lieutenant, West Riding, co. & city of 
York, Sept. 29, 1699; 

Vice Admiral co. York, Feb. 27, 1701; 

Privy Councillor, Jan. 8, 1702; 

a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland, 
Oct. 22, 1702 ; 

m. Juliana Noel, gr. d. of Edward, 4//? Viscount 
Cam f den, 1694; 

d. Feb. 9, 1704. 



Earls. 



Establ. 
Bk. 211. 



Pat. 

Pat. 

Mun. Bk. vi. 

Gaz. 



BURLINGTON. 



279 



1704. 



Richard Boyle III., son of Charles : Earl of Burlington & Cork, 

Viscount Dungarvan, Baron Clifford & Clifford 
of Lanesborough, & Boyle of Youghal. 

B. April 25, 1695; 

st. Lord Clifford, 169S-1704; 

succ. as 3d Earl of Burlington, Feb. 9, 1704; 

Hereditary Lord High Treasurer of Ireland; 

Vice Admiral, co. York, July 27, 17 15 ; 

Privy Councillor of Ireland, Aug. 5, 17 15; 

Colonel, Cork Regt. of Militia Dragoons, Sept. 

17, I7L5; 
Governor, co. Cork, Jan. 12, 17 16; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, West 
Riding & city of York, April 25, 1716- 
Aug. 10, 1733; 

Custos Rotulorum, North Riding, co. York, 
June 4, 1722-Aug. 10, 1733 ; 

Privy Councillor, May 15, 1729, 

K.G., May 18. 1730; 

Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 
June 21, 1731-May 4, 1733; 

a Governor of Greenwich Hospital; 

Constable & High Steward of the Castle, Lord- 
ship, & Honour of Knaresborough; 

acknowledged, (by House of Lords), as Baron 
Clifford, May 25, 1737; 

;//. Lady Dorothy Savile, eldest d. &> co.-h. of 
William, Marquis of Halifax, March 21, 




After G. Knapton. 



1721. 



d. Dec. 4, 1753. 




Earl. 



:8o 



BURLINGTON. 



Arms — Per bend crenelle argent & gules. 

Crest — In a ducal coronet or, a lion's head per pale crenelle argent & gules. 

Supporters — Two lions per pale crenelle, the Dexter gules & argent ; the Sinister 
of the second & first. 

Mottoes— i, Vivit post funera virtus. 
2, Honor yirtutis premium. 



Earls 



+ 



+ 



+ 



CA VENDISH. 

1831. George Augustus Henry Cavendish, 2nd son of William, 4th 

Duke of Devonshire : Earl of Burlington, &: 
Baron Cavendish of Keighley. 

B. March 21, 1754; 

st. Lord George A. H. Cavendish, i 755- 

1S3G 
M.P., Knaresborough, 1 775-1 780; 
Captain, Derbyshire Regt. of Militia, May, 

1778; 
M.P., Derby, 1780; 1784; 1790; & 1796- 

1797; 
Colonel, Derbyshire Regt. of Militia, 1 783 ; 
M.P., co. Derby, 1797; 1802; 1806] 1807; 

1812; 1818; 1820; 1826; 1830; & 1831; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 1, 1811; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, Oct. 8, 

1814; 
Vice Lieutenant, do., Oct. 10, 

1814; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, Nov. 28, 

1826; 
cr. Baron Cavendish of Keighley, & Earl of 

Burlington, Sept. 10, 1S31; 

;;/. Lady Elizabeth Compton, d. of Charles, ph 
Earl of Northampton, Feb. 27, 1782; 

d. May 9, 1833. 



BURLINGTON. 



281 



1S34. William Cavendish, grandson of George Augustus Henry : Earl of 

Burlington & Baron Cavendish of Keighley. 

B. April 27, 1 80S ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

st. William Cavendish, Esq., 1S26-1831 ; 

M.P. , University of Cambridge, 1829-1831 ; 

M.P., Malton, 1831-1832- 

st. Lord Cavendish, 1831-1834 ; 

M.P., North Derbyshire, 1832-1834 ; 

a Vice President of the Royal Society ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Burlington, May 9, 1834; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 6, 1835; 

Chancellor of the University of London, 
Nov. 28, 1836-Dec, 1856 ; 

Vice Lieutenant, co. Derby, Aug. 4, 1841 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, Sept. 3, 
1852 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Lan- 
caster, (swn.) March 20, 1857 ; 

succ. as 7th Duke of Devonshire, Jan. 18, 
1S58; 

m. Lady Blanche Gcorgiana Howard, 4/// d. of 
George, Earl of Carlisle, Aug. 6, 1829; 

see title Devonshire. 



Arms — Sable, 3 bucks' heads caboshed, argent. 

CREST— On a mount vert, a buck statant proper, wreathed round the neck with a 

chaplet of roses, argent & azure. 
Supporters— Dexter, a buck proper, gorged with a chaplet of roses, argent & 

azure. Sinister, a dragon ermine, ducally gorged & chained or. 

Motto — Cavendo tutus. 



vol. I. 



O O 



Earl. 



282 



BUTE. 



BUTE. 

STUART. 

1796. John Stuart, son of John, 3rd Earl of Bute : Marquis of Bute, Earl 

of Windsor, Viscount Mountjoy, Baron Mount- 
stuart of Wortley, & Cardiff of Cardiff ; Earl of 
Bute, Viscount Mountstuart & Kingarff, Baron 
Cumra &: Incbmarnoch, in Scotland. 



B. June 30, 1744; 

st. Viscount Mountstuart, 1 744-1 792 ; 
Auditor of the Imprest, {in reversion), 1 763; 
M.P., Bossiney, 1766; 1768 ; & 1 774-1 776 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Glamorgan, May 28, 1772; 
cr. Baron Cardiff of Cardiff, May 20, 1776; 
Colonel, Glamorgan Regt. of Militia, March 

26, 1778 : 
Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipotentiary 

to Turin, Aug. 4, 1779-Jan. 5, 1783 ; 
Privy Councillor, Aug. 4, 1779 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to Madrid, March 12, 1783 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Bute, in Scotland, March 1 o. 

1792 ; 
Hereditary Sheriff & Coroner, co. Bute; 
Hereditary Keeper of Rothsay Castle ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Bute, March 17, 1794; 
succ. {jure mains), as Baron Mountstuart of 

Wortley, Nov. 13, 1794; 
cr. Viscount Mountjoy, Earl of Windsor, & 

Marquis of Bute, March 21, 1796; 
Councillor of State to the Prince of Wales, in 

Scotland, April 22, 1806; 
F.R.S., Dec. 12, 1799 ; 
a Trustee of the British Museum, 1 800 ; 

vi. (1) Hon. Cliarloite Jane Windsor, eldest d. 
&* co.-h. of Herbert, last Viscount Windsor, 
Nov. 12, 1766 ; 




Marquises. 



After Sir J. Reynolds. 



1779. — 'II etoit de la plus 
belle figure; il avoit l'air 
noble et fier, les manieres 
douces et simples, et l'ex- 
terieur tres aimable.' — L. 
Dutens, Me moires cfun 
voyageur 6°f., II , p. 177. 






BUTE. 



283 



;;/. (2) Frances, 2nd d. of Thomas Coults, Esq., 
Sept. 17, 1S00 ; 

d. Nov. 16, 18 14. 



1814. John Crichton Stuart, grandson of John (1) : Marquis of Bute, 

Earl of Windsor, Viscount Mountjoy, Baron 
Mountstuart of Wortley, & Cardiff of Cardiff; 
Earl of Dumfries & Bute, Viscount Ayr, Mount- 
stuart, & Kingarff, Baron Crichton of Sanquhar 
& Cumnoch, Baron Mountstuart, Cumra, &: 
Inchmarnoch, in Scotland ; & a Baronet of 
Nova Scotia. 

B. Aug. 10, 1793 ; 

st. Earl of Windsor, 1794-1806; 

succ. as 6th Earl of Dumfries, April 7, 1806 ; 

educ. Christ's Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1S12 ; 

succ. as 2nd Marquis of Bute, Nov. 16, 1814; 

Keeper of Rothsay Castle ; 

Heritable Coroner, co. Bute ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Bute, Jan. 2, 18 15; 

Lord Lieutenant, & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Glamorgan, June 2, 1S15; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Ayr, Jan. 22, 1817; 

Colonel, Glamorganshire Regt. of Militia; 

High Steward of Banbury, 1827 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 10, 1834; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 6, 1835; 

Lord High Commissioner to the General As- 
sembly of the Church of Scotland, April 
25, 1842 ; 

K.T., June 13, 1843 ; 

Lord High Commissioner to the General As- 
sembly of the Church of Scotland, May 2, 
1844; 

m. (1) Lady Maria North, eldest d. cV coh. of 
George Augustus, $rd Earl of Guilford, 
July 29, 1818; 



002 



Marquis. 



2S4 



BUTE. 



m. (2) Lady Sophia Frederica Christina, d. of 
George A. E, 2nd Marquis of Hastings, 
April 10, 1845 ; 

d. March 18, 1848. 



1848. John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, son of John (2) : Marquis of Bute, 

Earl of Windsor, Viscount Mountjoy, Baron 
Mountstuart of Wortley, & Cardiff of Cardiff ; 
Earl of Dumfries & Bute, Viscount Ayr, Mount- 
stuart, & Kingarff, Baron Crichton of Sanquhar 
& Cumnoch, Baron Mountstuart, Cumra, & 
Inchmamoch, in Scotland ; & a Baronet of 
Nova Scotia. 

B. Sept. 12, 1847; 

succ. as 3rd Marquis of Bute, March 18, 1848; 

Hereditary Keeper of Rothsay Castle ; 

Hon. Colonel, Glamorganshire Brigade of 

Artillery Volunteers, July 4, 1868 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Ayr, Dec. 8, 1868 ; 
K.T., Feb., 1S75 ; 

Knight Grand Cross of the Holy Sepulchre ; 
Knight Grand Cross of St. Gregory the Great ; 

m. Gwendolen Mary Ann, d. of Edward Eitz- 
alan, Lord Howard of Glossop, April 16, 
1872. 



ARMS — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Or, a fess checquy argent & azure, with a double tressure 
fiory counterflory gules, (Stuart) ; 2 & 3, Argent, a lion rampant azure, 
(Ckiciiton). 

CRESTS— I, A demi-lion rampant gules, & over it the motto ' NoLilis est ira leonis,' 
(Stuart). 
2, A dragon vert, flames issuing from the mouth proper, (CRICHTON). 

Supporters— Dexter, a horse argent, bridled gules. Sinister, a stag proper. 

Motto— Avitu viret honore. 



Marquis. 



CADOGAN. 



Earls, 

Baron. 




CADOGAN. 

1 716. William Cadogan, son of Henry Cadogan, Esq. : Earl Cadogan, 

Viscount Caversham, & Baron Cadogan of 
Reading & Oakley. 

B. before 1675 ; 

Captain, (19th) Regt. of Foot, March 4, 1694; 
Colonel in the Army, April 25, 1694 ; 
Quarter-Master-Ceneral of the British Army, 

(Flanders), 1701-1712; 
Colonel, 5th Regt. of Horse, March 2, 1703- 

Dec. 20, 1 7 12 ; 
Brigadier-General, Aug. 25, 1704; 
M. P., Woodstock, 1705; 1708; 1710 ; 1713; 

& 1715-1716 ; 
Special Envoy to Hanover, April, 1706 • 
Major-General, Jan. 1, 1707 ; 
Lieutenant of the Tower of London, Jan. 2, 

1707-Jan. n, 1 7 12; 
Envoy Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to the 

Hague & Brussels, Oct., 1707-Nov., 17 10; 
Lieutenant-General, Jan. 10, 1709; 
Master of the Robes to King George I., Aug. 1, 

1714 ; 

Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to the Hague, Oct. 8, 17 14; 

Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards, 
Oct. 15, 1714; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Berks, July 30, 17 15; 

Captain & Governor of the Isle of Wight, & 
Carisbrooke Castle, Sept. i6 ; 17 15 ; 

Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in Scotland, 
Feb. 25-May 12, 1 7 16; 

K.T., June 29, 17 16 ; 

cr. Baron Cadogan of Reading, June ^o, 1 7 16, 

High Steward of Reading, 1716; 



s 1™ 

After L. Laguerre. (N. P. Gall.) 



Mil. Bk. 



Pat. 2. 



286 



CADOGAN. 



Ambassador Extraordinary to the Hague, 
July 6, 1716; 

Privy Councillor, March 30, 17 17 ; 

General of all the Foot, July 12, 171 7 ; 

cr. Baron Cadogan of Oakley, Viscount Caver- 
sham, & Earl Cadogan, April 7, 1718 ; 

Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, June 18, 
1722 ; 

Colonel, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, June iS, 
1722; 

Master- General of the Ordnance, June 22 
1722 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets ; 

a Lord Justice of Great Britain, June 3- 
Dec. 28, 1723 ; 

;//. Margaretta Cecilia, d. of William Munto; of 

Holland ; 

d. July 17, 1726. 



ULdL 




1726. Charles Cadogan, brother of William : Baron Cadogan of Oakley. 

B. 1684 ; 

st. Charles Cadogan, Esq., 1702-1726; 

Captain, & Lieut-Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of 

Foot Guards, July 20, 17 15 ; 
M. P., Reading, 1715-1722; 
Colonel, 4th ('King's Own') Regt. of Foot. 

April 21, 1 7 19 ; 
M.P., Newport, (Hants), 1722-1726; 



Ear:., 

Baron. 



Mil. Bk. 11. 



CADOGAN. 



287 



succ. as 2nd Earon Cadogan of Oakley, July 17, 

1726 ; 
Colonel, 6th (Inniskilling) Regt. of Dragoons, 

June 19, 1734 ; 
Major-General, July 17, 1739; 
Colonel, 2nd Troop of Horse Guards, April 23, 

1743; 
Lieutenant-General, May 30, 1745; 

Governor of Sheerness, Nov. 4, 1 749 ; 

Governor of Gravesend & Tilbury Fort, June 13, 

175 2 ; 

General of the Horse, March 9, 1761 ; 

a Trustee of the British Museum ; 

F.R.S. ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Oxford, Dec. 1, 1763; 

m. Elizabeth, d. dr co h. of Sir Hans SIoa?ie, 



Bart. 



d. Sept. 24, 1776. 



1776. Charles Sloane Cadogan, son of Charles I. : Earl Cadogan, Vis- 
count Chelsea, & Baron Cadogan of Oakley. 

B. Oct. 29, 1728 ; 

st. Hon. Charles S. Cadogan, 172S-1776; 

M P., Cambridge, 1749; 1 755 ; 1 761 ; 176S; 

& I774-I77 6 ', 
Keeper of the Privy Purse to Prince Edward, 

Nov., 1756; 
Surveyor of the King's Gardens &: Waters, 

May 23. 1764; 
Master of the Mint, June 3, 1769-Feb. 10, 

1784; 
succ. as 3rd Baron Cadogan, Sept. 24, 1776 ; 

a Family Trustee of the British Museum ; 

cr. Viscount Chelsea, & Earl Cadogan, Dec. 

27, 1800 ; 
m. (1) Hon. Frances Bromley, d. of Henry, 1st 

Lord Montfort, May 28, 1747 ; 
m. (2) Mary, d. of Charles Churchill, Esq., 

Aug. 10, 1777; 

d. April 3, 1807. 



Baron, 
Eakl. 



288 



CADOGAN. 



1807. Charles Henry Sloane Cadogan, son of Charles II. (1) : Earl 

Cadogan, Viscount Chelsea, & Baron Cadogan 
of Oakley. 

B. June 18, 1749 ; 

st. Hon. Charles Henry Sloane Cadogan, 

1776-1800 ; 
st. Viscount Chelsea, 1S00-1807 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl Cadogan, April 3, 1807 ; 
a Family Trustee of the British Museum ; 

d. Dec. 2T,, 1832. 



Earls. 



1S32 George Cadogan, half-brother of Charles Henry: Earl Cadogan, 

Viscount Chelsea, Baron Cadogan of Oakley, & 
Baron Oakley of Caversham. 

B. May 5, 1783 ; 

st. Hon. George Cadogan, i 783-1831 ; 

Midshipman, R.N., [1796] ; 

Lieutenant, April 12, 1802 ; 

Commander, May 4, 1804 ; 

Post Captain, March 23, 1807 ; 

Knight of Maria Theresa, of Austria, July 22. 

iSr 4 ; 
C.B., June 4, 1S15 ; 
Extra Naval Aide-de- Camp to the King, (William 

IV), Sept. 5, 1831 ; 
cr. Baron Oakley of Caversham, Sept. 10, 

1831 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl Cadogan, Dec. 23, 1832 ; 
a Family Trustee of the British Museum ; 
Naval Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, 1837 ; 



Rear Admiral of the Blue, 
Rear Admiral of the White, 
Rear Admiral of the Red, 
Vice Admiral of the Blue, 
Vice Admiral of the White, 
Vice Admiral of the Red, 



Nov. 23, 1841 ; 
Nov. 9, 1846 ; 
Sept. 5, 1848 ; 
July r, 185 1 ; 

April 22, 1S53 ; 
J"b r 9> 1S55 ; 



Admiral of the Blue, July 9, 1857; 



Admiral of the White, June 25, 1858 ; 
Admiral of the Red, March 30, 1863 ; 

m. Louisa Honoria, $th d. of Joseph Blake, 
Esq., April 4, 18 10 ; 

d. Sept. 15, 1864. 




1864. Henry Charles Cadogan, son of George : Earl Cadogan, Viscount 

Chelsea, Baron Cadogan of Oakley, & Baron 
Oakley of Caversham. 

B. Feb. 15, 181 2 ; 

educ. Oriel Coll., Oxford ; 

st. Hon. Henry Charles Cadogan, 183 1- 

1832 ; 
B.A., of Oxford, May 24, 1832 ; 
st. Viscount Chelsea, 1832-1S64 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, April 27. 

1833; 
Attache of Embassy at St. Petersburg, June, 

1834-July, 1835 ; 
M.P., Reading, 1S41-1847 ; 
Colonel, Royal Westminster Regt. of Militia, 

Dec. 6, 1841 ; 
M.P., Dover, 1852-1857 ; 
Secretary of Embassy at Paris, March 31, 

1858-July 7, 1859; 
succ. as 5th Earl Cadogan, Sept. 15, 1864 ; 
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, July 10, 

1866-Dec. 22, 1868 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 10, 1866 ; 
a Commissioner of the Metropolitan Roads ; 
a Family Trustee of the British Museum ; 

vi. Mary Sarah, yd d. of Hon. dv Rev. Gerald 
Valerian Wellesley, July 13, 1836 ; 

d. June 8, 1873. 
vol. 1. p p 



Earls. 



20O 



CADOGAN. 



1873. George Henry Cadogan, son of Henry Charles : Earl Cadogan, 

Viscount Chelsea, Baron Cadogan of Oakley, & 
Baron Oakley of Caversham. 

B. May 12, 1840 ; 

st. Hon. George H. Cadogan, 1840-1864 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Lieutenant, 3rd (' Royal Westminster') Middle- 
sex Regt. of Militia, May 31, i860 ; 

Captain, do., June 2, 1864 , 

st. Viscount Chelsea, 1864-1873 ; 

Major, 3rd ('Royal Westminster') Middlesex 
Regt. of Militia, April 6, 1865-June, 1872; 

M.P., Bath, 1873 ; 

succ. as 6th Earl Cadogan, June 8, 1873 > 

a Family Trustee of the British Museum ; 

Under-Secretary of State for War, May 22. 

1S75; 

Under Secretary of State for the Colonial De- 
partment, Feb., 1878-April, 1880; 

m. Lady Beatrix ya/ie Craven, 4H1 d. of Wil- 
liam, 2nd Earl of Craven, May 16, 1865. 

I 



Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Gules, a lion rampant regardant or, (Cadogan) ; 2 & 3, 
Argent, 3 boars' heads couped sable. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a dragon's head vert. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion regardant or. Sinister, a dragon regardant, wings 
elevated vert ; each gorged with a double tressure flory countertlory gules. 

Motto— Qui invidet minor est. 



CAMBRIDGE. 



291 



CAMBRIDGE. 

[1139]. William ' le Meschin,' 2nd son of Ranulf L, Earl of Chester 

Earl of Cambridge. 

st. ' Willielmus Meschines,' after 11195 
Earl of Cambridge, [1139]. 



+ 



DE VERE. 

1 141. Aubrey de Vere, son of Aubrey, Baron de Vere : Earl of Cam- 
bridge, & Baron de Vere. 

succ. as 3rd Baron de Vere, 1140 ; 

cr. Earl of Cambridge, by the Empress Maud, 

(after March 2), 1 141 ; 
cr. Earl of Oxford, (in exchange)^ 1155 ; 

see title Oxford. 



Earls, 
Dukes. 



+ 



+ 



Charter. 
Chart. 11 
Edw.IIl. 38, 



1 185. David of Scotland, brother of King William 'The Lion' : Earl of 

Cambridge & Huntingdon. 

cr. Earl of Huntingdon, (&, probably, Cam- 
bridge), 1 185 ; 

recognised as Earl of Cambridge & Hunting- 
don, May 21, 1205 ; 

d. 1 2 19: 



see title Huntingdon. 



p p 2 



R. Claus 
m. 26. 



292 



CAMBRIDGE. 



1 219. John 'le Scot,' son of David : Earl of Huntingdon, Cambridge, & 

Chester. 

B. about 1207 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Huntingdon & Cam- 
bridge, 12 19. 

succ. (jure matrts), as Earl of Chester, Oct. 28, 
1232; 

see titles Chester & Huntingdon. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



1340. 



William of Juliers, brother-in-law of King Edward III. : Earl of 

Cambridge ; Duke & Marquis of Juliers, 
Prince of the Empire, Count of Fauquemont, 
& Lord of Monyoie. 

B. about 1299 ; 

st. Seigneur de Broughe, (1320); 

succ. as 14th Count of Juliers, April, 1329; 

cr. Marquis of Juliers, & Prince of the Empire, 

Aug. 21, 1336; 
Lieutenant-, Captain-, & Vicar-General of King 

Edward III., in France, Oct. 7, 1337 ; 
cr. Earl of Cambridge, May 7, 1340 ; 
Joint Commissioner to make Truce with France, 

Sept., 1340 j 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 

Aug. 14, 1341 ; 
First Plenipotentiary to the Emperor, (Louis of 

Bavaria), Dec. 27, 1345 ; 
Chief Commissioner to treat with France, 

Oct. 22, 1346 ; 
Special Procurator & Ambassador to the 

Emperor, (Charles IV.), Feb. 1, 1349 ; 
cr. Duke of Juliers, 1357; 

;//. Jeanne, d. of William I. } Count of Hainault ; 

d. Feb., 1361. 



Arms — 'Scutum aureum cum 
nigra leone, dentibus & 
falculis aigenteis, lingua 
coccinea.' — O. Vredius, 
Geneal. Comitum Flandrice, 
pars II., p. 157. 

Label, (1320), of 4 points. 
Seal. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



Easls. 



R. Aleman. 
m. 1. 



Avesbury, 
65- 



R. Aleman. 



R. Franc. 2, 
m. 3. 

R. Franc. 1, 
m. 18. 

Pat. 1, 
m. 31. 



CAMBRIDGE. 



293 



1362. 



' Conte de Cantebrigge clc re- 
non 

Qui eust le coer fier come 
lion.' — Chandos Herald, 
p. 312. 



PLANTAGENET. 

Edmund 'of Langley,' 5th son of King Edward III. : Earl of Cam- 
bridge, Lord of Wark, in Tyndale. 

B. June 5, 1 34 1 ; 

K.G., (probably April), 1361 ; 

cr. Earl of Cambridge, Nov. 13, 1362; 

Commander of English Forces, for Aquitaine, 

[Feb. 28], 1369 ; 
cr. Lord of Wark, in Tyndale, April 23, 1373; 
Joint Lieutenant-Special & Captain-General, in 

France & Bretagne, Nov. 24, 1374; 
Joint Plenipotentiary to make peace with France, 

Sept. 20, 1375 ; 
Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 

Cinque Ports, June 12, 1376; 
Chief Commander for defence of Kent, 

June 30, 1377 ; 
Bearer of the Sceptre with the Dove, Coron. of 

King Richard II., July 16, 1377 ; 
Chief Commissioner to treat with Ambassadors 

of Bohemia, March 29, 1381 ; 
Chief Captain of English Army for Portugal, 

[May 2], 1 381-1382; 
Privy Councillor; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Kent & Wilts ; 
cr. Duke of York, Aug. 6, 1385 ; 

;//. Donna Isabel, 2nd d. c> co-h. of Pedro, 
King of Cast ille, 1372 j 

see title York. 



Arms— France ancient & England quarterly, a label of 3 points argent, each 

charged with 3 torteaux. 
Crest— A lion statant & crowned or, gorged with a label, as above. 
Supporters— Two falcons, each holding in his beak a large scroll, which extends 

above his body, & is inscribed with the 

Motto— Bon £spxr. 

a p His seal, (1391). 




From his seal, (1391). 



Earl. 



R. Vase. 

m. 7. 

R. pat. 1, 

in. 9. 

R. Franc, 
m. 6. 

R. Franc, 
m. u. 

R. pat. i, 
m. 19. 



Pat. 1, in. 27 



Fued. iv. 9. 



R. Franc. 

m. 10. 



Ibid. 



1402. Edward ' of Langley,' son of Edmund : Duke of York, & Earl of 

Cambridge ; 

see title York. 



1414. Richard 'of Coningsburgh,' 2nd son of Edmund: Earl of Cam- 
bridge. 

B. after 1373 j 

st. Richard ' of Coningsburgh ' ; 

st. Richard ' of York ' ; 

Captain of a Band of ' Soldiers,' (Marches of 
South Wales), [1403-1404J ; 

Knight, [July 26, 1406] ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with the Ambas- 
sadors of Denmark, July 26, 1406; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to Denmark, Aug.- 
Dec., 1406 ; 

cr. Earl of Cambridge, May 1, 1414 ; 

Almoner of England ; 

Constable of Brimsfield Castle ; 

111. ( 1 ) The Lady Anne Moi'timer, d. of Roger, 
4th Earl of March, &= gr.d. of Lionel, Duke 
of Clarence ; 

in. (2) Maud, d. of Thomas, 10th Lord Clifford; 
beheaded at Southampton, Aug. 5, 1415. 




From MS. Harl. 5805. 

(' Figuratus in fenestras ecctie Xpi 
Cantuar circitcr 2 H '. 5.') 



Duke, 

Earl. 



WWSIWM 




Arms—' Quarterly, France & England, with a 
label of 3 points argent, each charged with 3 
torteaux ; on a bordure of the same 12 lions 
rampant purpure.' 

Crest — A lion statant or, gorged with a label, as 
above. 

Supporters— Two lions. 

Badge — An ostrich feather, with quill compony. 



From MS. Cott. Julius, C. vii. 



+ 



Monasticon 
vi.pt- i,355- 
Acts Pr. C. 
i. 230. 

Ibid. & 
ii. 70. 



R. Franc, 
m. 2. 



Wals. ii, 274 

MS. Ashm. 
856. 



+ 



+ 



CAMBRIDGE. 



295 



HAMILTON. 

1619. James Hamilton V., son of John, 1st Marquis of Hamilton : Earl of 

Cambridge, & Baron of Ennerdale ; Marquis 
of Hamilton, Earl of Arran, Baron Even & 
Arbroath, in Scotland. 

B. 1589 ; 

succ. as 2nd Marquis of Hamilton, (in Scotland), 

April 12, 1604 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Arran, (in Scotland), 

1609 ; 
Privy Councillor of Scotland, Jan. 14, 1613 ; 
Privy Councillor, Aug., 161 7 ; 
cr. Baron of Ennerdale, & Earl of Cambridge, 

June 16, 1 619 ; 
Member of the Council for the Plantation of 

New England, Nov. 3, 1620; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James I., 

March 4, 162 1 ; 
Lord High Commissioner to the Park, of 

Scotland, July 13, 1621 ; 
K.G., Feb. 2, 1623 ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, Feb. [28], 

1624 ; 

;;/. Lady Anne Conyngham, d. of frames, "jf/i 
Earl of Gkncairn ; 

d. March 3, 1625. 




After Van Somer. 



' A goodly, proper, & grace- 
ful gentleman.'— Sir Philip 
Warwick, Memoirs,^. 102. 



Earls. 



Balfour, ii. 
Carew, 115. 



Pat. 



E. Howes. 



1 6 1 7. — 'Is every way held the 
gallantest gentleman of both 
the nations.'— J. CHAMBER- 
LAIN, S. P. Dam., XCIIL, 
68. 



1625. James Hamilton VI., son of James V. : Earl of Cambridge, & Baron 

of Ennerdale ; Duke of Hamilton, Marquis 
of Hamilton, Douglas, & Clydesdale, Earl of 
Arran, Baron Even & Arbroath, in Scotland. 

B. June 19, 1606; 

st. Earl of Arran, 1609- 1625 ; 

educ, Oxford; 



296 



CAMBRIDGE. 




After Van Dyck. 



' He was of a middle stature, 
his body well shaped, & 
his limbs proportioned & 
straight ; in his last years he 
inclined to fatness ; his com- 
plexion & hair were black, 
but his countenance was 
pleasant & full of life.' — 
Burnet, Dukes of Hamil- 
ton, p. 406. 



' Of some hard visage.' . . . 
' Of a neater shape & grace- 
fuller motion than his bro- 
ther.' ' The air of his coun- 
tenance had such a cloud 
upon it, that nature seemed 
to have impressed aliquid 
insigne.' 1 — Sir P. WARWICK, 
Memoirs, p. 103. 



succ. as 2nd Earl of Cambridge, March 3, 1625; 
3rd Marquis of Hamilton, in Scotland ; 
Bearer of the Sword of State, Coron. of King 

Charles I., Feb. 2, 1626 ; 
Master of the Horse, Nov. 8, i628-Aug.,i645; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

I., 1628; 
Chief Keeper of Hampton Court House, & 

Keeper of Bushey Park, July 2, 1630; 
Joint Keeper of the King's Game in the Honour 

of Hampton Court, Sept. 2S, 1630 ; 
Knight, (by King Charles I.,) Oct. 5, 1630 ; 
General of the British Auxiliary Forces in 

Germany, April, 1 63 i-Sept, 1632; 
K.G., April 22, 1 63 1 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 8, 1633; 
Privy Councillor of Scotland ; 
a Lord Proprietor of Newfoundland, Nov. 13, 

1637 ; 
Lord High Commissioner to the General As- 
sembly of the Kirk of Scotland, May 20. 

1638; 
Commander of Forces, against Scotland, April, 

1639; 
General of the Forces in Scotland, June [6], 

1639; 
Chancellor of the University of Glasgow, 1 642 ; 
cr. Marquis of Douglas & Clydesdale, & Duke 

of Hamilton, April 12, 1643; 
General of the Army of Scotland, May, 1648 ; 

/;/. Lady Mary Feilding, d. of William, \st Earl 
of Denbigh, 1620; 

beheaded, March 9, 1649. 




Earl. 



MS. Ashm. 

857- 

Pat. p. 28. 



Pat. 13. 

Signet Ek. 
Walkley,i45 



P. C. Reg. 



Pat. 38. 



S. P. Dom. 
ccccxvii. 54. 

S. P. Dom. 

ccccxxiii. 46. 






CAMBRIDGE. 



297 



1649. William Hamilton, 




After Mytens. 



He was of a middle stature ; 
his complexion black, but 
very agreeable ; & his whole 
air & mien was noble & 
sprightful.'— BuRNET,Z?«Xv.r 
of Hamilton, p. 417. 



brother of James VI. : Earl of Cambridge, & 
Baron of Ennerdale ; Duke of Hamilton, 
Marquis of Hamilton, Douglas, & Clydesdale, 
Earl of Arran & Lanerick, Baron Even, Arbroath, 
Polmont, & Macanshire, in Scotland. 

B. Dec. 14, 1 6 16 ; 

st. Eord William Hamilton, 161 6-1640 ; 

educ. University of Glasgow ; 

cr. Baron Polmont & Macanshire, & Earl of 

Lanerick, (Lanark), March 31, 1639 ; 
M.P , Portsmouth, 1640 ; 
Secretary of State for Scotland, March, 1640- 

jan. 24, 1649 ; 
Privy Councillor, June 10, 1640 ; 
Privy Councillor of Scotland, Sept. 20, 1641 ; 
Joint Commissioner from the Parliament of 

Scotland to King Charles I., Sept. 24, 

1647 ; 
Commander in Forces for the King, (Stirling), 

Aug. [28]-Oct. 10, 1648; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Cambridge, March 9, 1649; 
2nd Duke of Hamilton, in Scotland ; 
Heretable Sheriff, co. Lanerick ; 
K.G., Jan. 12, 1650 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 7, 1650; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, 165 1 ; 
Colonel in Clydesdale, March 27, 1651 ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Scottish Army, 1651; 

m. Lady Elizabeth Maxtucll, eldest d. of James, 
Earl of Dirleton , 1638; 

d. (of wounds), Sept. 11, 165 1. 



Earl. 




VOL. T. 



Q Q 



Balfour, iii. 
69. 



Clar. S. P. 
ii. 381. 

Thurloe, i. 
106. 



Balfour, 
iv. 301. 
Ibid. 278. 

Bulstrode, 
190. 



2 Q 8 



CAMBRIDGE. 



Arms — Quarterly, I & 4, Gules, 3 cinquefoils pierced ermine, (Hamilton) ; 2 & 3, 
Argent, an ancient galley with sail furled, sable, (AkRAN). 

Crest — Out of a coronet or, an oak-tree fructed proper, half cut through by a 
large frame-saw azure, the frame & handles of the first. 

Supporters — Two antelopes argent, horned & unguled or, gorged with collars 
twisted white & red. 

Motto— Through. 



+ 



+ 



■f 



STUART. 
1659. Henry Stuart, 3rd son of King Charles I. : Earl of Cambridge; 

see title Gloucester. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



1661. Charles Stuart, eldest son of James, Duke of York (1) : Duke of 

Cambridge. 

B. Oct. 22, 1660 ; 

designated Duke of Cambridge, 1661 ; 

but before the patent had passed, he 

d. May 5, 1661. 

1664. James Stuart, 2nd son of James, Duke of York (1) : Duke & Earl of 

Cambridge, & Baron of Dantzey. 

B. July 12, 1663 ; 

cr. Baron of Dantzey, & Earl & Duke of Cam- 
bridge, Aug. 23, 1664; 
K.G., Dec. 3, 1666 ; 

d. June 20, 1667. 



1667. Edgar Stuart, 4th son of James, Duke of York (1) : Duke & Earl of 

Cambridge, & Biron of Dantzey. 

B. Sept. 4, 1667 ; 

cr. Baron of Dantzey, 6c Earl & Duke of Cam- 
bridge, Oct. 7, 1667 ; 

d. June 8, 167 1. 



Earls, 

Dukes. 



CAMBRIDGE. 



299 



1677. Charles Stuart, 5th son of James, Duke of York (2) : Duke of Cam- 
bridge. 

B. Nov. 12, 1677 ; 

declared Duke of Cambridge, Nov., 1677 l 

d. Dec. 12, 1677. 

A rms -Quarterly, i. & iv., France & England quarterly; 11., Scotland; 
hi., Ireland ; over all a label of 5 points ermine. 

see title York. 



+ 



+ 



1706. George Augustus, only son of George Louis, Elector of Hanover: 

Duke & Marquis of Camhridge, Earl of Mil- 
ford- Haven, Viscount Northallerton, & Baron of 
Tewkesbury ; Electoral Prince of Brunswick- 
Lunenburg. 

B. Oct. 30, 1683 ; 

st. Prince Electoral of Hanover ; 

K.G., June 13, 1706 ; 

cr. Baron of Tewkesbury, Viscount Northaller- 
ton, Earl of Milford- Haven, & Marquis & 
Duke of Cambridge, Nov. 9, 1706 ; 

Commander of the Hanoverian Forces under 
the Duke of Marlborough, (Flanders), May, 
1 70S ; 

cr. Prince of Wales, Sept. 27, 17 14; 

m. Wilhelmina- Carolina, d. of John Frederick, 
Margrave of Brandenburg- Anspach, Sept. 2, 
1705; 

see title Cornwall. 



q n 2 



Dukes. 



iSoi. 



Adoephus Frederick, 7th son of King George III. : Duke of Cam- 
bridge, Earl of Tipperary, & Baron of Cul- 
loden. 

B. Feb. 24, 1774 ; 

St. Prince Adolphus, 1 774-1801 ; 

K.G., June 2, 1786 ; 

educ. Gottingen • 

Lieutenant- General, Hanoverian Army ; 

Lieutenant-General, Aug. 24, 1798 ; 

cr. Baron of Culloden, Earl of Tipperary, & 

Duke of Cambridge, Nov. 27, 1801 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 3, 1802 ; 
Colonel-in-Chief of the King's German Legion, 



Duke. 




Nov. 



12, 1803 J 



After Sir W. Beechey. 



1799. — ' His exterior is highly 
prepossessing. He is ex- 
tremely handsome, tall, & 
finely formed. His com- 
plexion fair, yet manly, his 
features regular, yet expres- 
sive. His manners bear 
that stamp of real goodness 
which no art can imitate, no 
other charm replace.' — Mrs. 
R. Trench, Remains, -p. 37. 

1S15. — ' His air is fine & 
manly, he is perfectly well 
formed, & his countenance 
.... is most pleasing.' — 
Bath Archives, II., p. 50S. 

18 1 6. — 'A good-looking man, 
with a blonde wig ; is partly- 
like his father, partly like 
his mother.' — Baron Stock- 
mar, Memoirs, I., p. 52. 



Commander of the Home District, [Dec. 21], 

1803-Dec. 31, 1S11 ; 
Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards, 

Sept. 5, 1805 ; 
General in the Army, April 25, 1808; (after- 
wards dated, Sept. 25, 1803); 
Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews, 

April, 181 1 ; 
Field-Marshal, Nov. 26, 18 13 ; 
Viceroy of Hanover, Dec. 20, 1813 -June, 1837; 
G.C.B., Jan. 2, 1815 ; 
G.C.H., Aug. 12, 1S15; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Michael & 

St. George, June 20, 1S25 ; 
Knight of the Black Eagle, of Prussia ; 
Colonel-in-Chief of the 60th Regt. of Foot 

('King's Royal Rifle Corps '), Jan. 22, 

1827; 
Ranger of Richmond Park, Aug. 29, 1835 j 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 4, 1842; 
Ranger of St. James's & Hyde Parks, June 15, 

1843; 
Knight of St. Andrew of Russia, [1844] ; 
Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, Feb. 22, 

1845 ; 

a Commissioner of the Royal Military College ; 
a Commissioner of the Royal Military Asylum ; 



CAMBRIDGE. 



301 



m. Augusta- WilJiei mina- Louisa , d. of Frederick, 
Landgrave of Hesse, May 2, 1S1 8 ; 

d. July 8, 1S50. 



Dukes. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., England; II., Scotland; III., Ireland.' A 
label of 3 points argent, the de v ter & sinister thereof charged with two hearts 
in pale, & the centre one with a Greek cross, all gules. 

Crest — A lion statant gardant or, crowned with a coronet, & charged on the 
breast with a label as above. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion crowned or, charged on the breast with a label as 
the crest. Sinister, a unicorn argent, armed, maned, crined, & unguled or, 
gorged with a collar & chain reilexed of the last, & charged on the breast 
with a label as the dexter. 



1850. George William Frederick Charles, son of Adolphus Frederick : 

Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Tipperary, & Baron 
of Culloden. 

B. March 26, 1819 ; 

st. Prince George of Cambridge, 1819-1850; 

G.C.H. ; 

K.G., Aug. 15, 1S35 ; 

Colonel in the Army, Nov. 3, 1837 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 8th (' Royal Irish ') Regt. 

of Hussars, April 15, 1842; 
Colonel, 17th Regt. of Lancers, April 25, 1842; 
Colonel on the Staff, (Ionian Islands), April 20, 

1843-April 7, 1845 ; 
Major-General, May 7, 1845 ; 
Knight Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. 

George, June 30, 1845 ; 
Major-General on the Staff, (Limerick District), 

Oct. 1, 1846-Jan., 1847 ; 
Major-General on the Staff, (Dublin District), 

Feb., 1847-March 31, 1852 ; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Cambridge, July 8, 1850; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Michael & St. 

George, Feb., 185 1 ; 
K.P., Nov. 18, 1 85 1 ; 
Inspecting General of Cavalry, April 1, 1852- 

Apnl 10, 1854; 



3° 2 



CAMBRIDGE. 



(See Appendix.) 



General in the Hanoverian Army ; 

Colonel, Dragoons of the Guard, (Hanover) ; 

Colonel of the 3rd (Scots Fusilier) Regt. of Foot 

Guards, Sept. 23, 1852 ; 
Ranger of Hyde Park, & St. James's Park, 

Oct. 21, 1852 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 6, 1853; 
President of Christ's Hospital, March 22, 1854 ; 
Commander of 1st Division of Infantry, (for 

Turkey & the Crimea), Feb. 21, 1S54; 
Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, of 

France, April, 1855 ; 
received the Crimean Medal with 4 clasps ; 
G.C.B., July 5, 1855; 
General in the Army, July 15, 1856; 
General Commanding-in-Chief, July 15, 1856; 
Privy Councillor, July 28, 1S56 ; 
Ranger of Richmond Park, July 13, 1857 ; 
Hon. Colonel, City of London Rifle Volun- 
teer Brigade, Feb. 24, i860 ; 
Colonel-in-Chief, Royal Regt. of Artillery, 

May 10, 1 86 1 ; 
Colonel-in-Chief, Corps of Royal Engineers, 

May 10, 1 86 1 ; 
Colonel of the Grenadier Regt. of Foot Guards, 

Dec. 15, 1861 ; 
Field-Marshal, Nov. 9, 1862; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, June 3, 1864; 
cr. LL.D. of Dublin, April, 186S ; 
Privy Councillor, of Ireland, April 22, 1868; 
Colonel-in-Chief, 60th Regt. of Foot (' King's 

Royal Rifle Corps,') March 3, 1869 ; 
President of the Royal Military College ; 
President of the Royal Military Academy, 

Woolwich, Feb. S, 1870; 
Knight of St. Andrew of Russia, May 15, 1874; 
a Governor of King's College, London ; 
Colonel-in-Chief, 17th ('Duke of Cambridge's 

Own') Regt. of Lancers, June 21, 1876; 
Grand Master, & Principal Grand Cross, of St. 

Michael &z St. Ceorge, May 30, 1877 ; 



1 



Duke. 





CAMDEN. 


3°3 




CAMDEN. 






PRATT. 


Earl, 


1765- Charles Pratt, 3rd 


son of Sir John Pratt, Lord Chief Justice : Earl 
Camden, Viscount Bayham, & Baron Camden 
of Camden. 

B. 1714; 


Marqcises 


^^^ 


educ. Eton, & King's Coll., Cambridge ; 




{U'-^^f^^kk. 


B.A. of Cambridge, 1736; 




cmSsPsmi 


Barrister, Middle Temple, June, 1738; 




/^^-^^^^^L 


M. A. of Cambridge, 1 740 ; 




(\ ' v^^^Sff 


Attorney- General to the Prince of Wales, 1755; 




^rV ■ \£&Oil 


King's Counsel, 1755 ; 




^W? ®L^ 


Attorney-General, July 1, 1757 ; 


Pat. 


^Uj "2^fT 


M.P., Downton, 1757 ; & 1761-1762 ; 




(^ '// ~^i 


Recorder of Bath, July, 1759 ; 




/ o v % 


Knight, (by King George III.), Dec. 28, 1761; 
Lord Chief Justice of the, Court of Common 






Pleas, Jan. 23, 1762 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 15, 1762; 


Pat. 


After G. Dance (1794). 






cr. Baron Camden of Camden, July 17, 1765 ; 






Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, July 30, 






1766-Jan. 17, 1770 ; 






a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 29, 1768; 






Lord President of the Council, March 2, 1782- 






March, 1783 ; 






Lord President of the Council, Dec. 1, 1784; 






cr. Viscount Bayham, & Earl Camden, May 3, 






1786; 






m. Elizabeth, d. &* h.^of Nicholas Jeffreys, Esq.; 






d. April 18, 1794. 




" = — - , , . ..., , 


/^p^y<^^^ 





304 



CAMDEN. 




After J. J. Hoppner. 



1794. John Jeffreys Pratt, son of Charles: Marquis & Earl Camden, Earl Marquis. 

of Brecknock, Viscount Bayham, & Baron 
Camden of Camden. 

B. Feb. 11, 1759 5 

st. Hon. John J. Pratt, 1 765-1 786 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.P., Bath, 1780 ; 17S4 ; & 1 790-1 794 ; 

a Lord of the Admiralty, Jan. 28, 1783 ; 

One of the Tellers of the Exchequer ; 

st. Viscount Bayham, 1786-1794 ; 

a Lord of the Treasury, Aug. 10, 1789-May, 

1794 ; 

Privy Councillor, June 21, 1793 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl Camden, April 18, 1794 ; 

Recorder of B.ith ; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, March n, 1795- 

June 20, 179S; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 

March 31, 1 795-1 79S ; 
Colonel, West Kent Regt. of Militia, April 15, 

1797 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Kent, Aug. 11, 1797; 

KG., Aug. 19, 1799 ; 

Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 
May 14, 1804 ; 

Lord President of the Council, July 10, 1S05- 
Feb. 5, 1806 ; 

an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 1805 ; 

Lord President of the Council, March 26. 
1807-June 1 1, 1812 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, Gustos Rotulorum, & Vice- 
Admiral, co. Kent, May 25, 1808; 

Master of the Trinity House, Dec. 7, 1809- 
June 10, 1S16 ; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, April 29, 181 1 ; 

a Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital, 1811; 

cr. Earl of Brecknock, & Marquis Camden, 
Sept. 7, 181 2 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, 1832; 

Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, 



Dec. 



1834 



CAMDEN. 



305 



a Trustee of the British Museum ; 
F.S.A. ; 

in. Frances, niece of Sir John Molesworth, Bart., 
ofPencarrow, Dec. 31, 1785 ; 

d. Oct. 8, 1S40. 



Marquises. 



1840. George Charles Pratt, son of John Jeffreys : Marquis & Earl 

Camden, Earl of Brecknock, Viscount Bayham, 
& Baron Camden of Camden. 

B. May 2, 1799 ; 

st. Earl of Brecknock, 1812-1840 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

Captain, West Kent Regt. of Militia, June 27, 

1817; 
cr. M. A. of Cambridge, 1819; 
Lieutenant, West Kent Regt. of Yeomanry, 

May 24, 1820; 
Captain, do., June 19, 

1822 ; 
M.P., Bath, 1826-1S30; 
Councillor to the Lord High Admiral, Feb. 4- 

Sept. 19, 1828 ; 
a Lord of the Admiralty, Sept. 19, 1828- 

July 15, 1829; 
Major, West Kent Regt. of Yeomanry, Dec. 18, 

1830; 
M.P., Dunwich, 1831-1832; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Kent, Feb. 16, 1831 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Camden of Camden, 

Jan. 8, 1835 ; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 6, 1835 '■> 
Vice Lieutenant, co. Kent, April 19, 1840 ; 
succ. as 2nd Marquis Camden, Oct. 8, 1840 ; 
KG., Jan. 19, 1846 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Brecknock, (swn.), Oct. 31, 1865 ; 

m. Harriet, d. of Right Rev. George Murray, 
Bishop of Rochester, Aug. 27, 1835 ; 

d. Aug. 6, 1866. 

VOL. I. R R 



3° 6 



CAMDEN. 



1866. John Charles Pratt I., son of George Charles: Marquis & Earl 

Camden, Earl of Brecknock, Viscount Bayham, 
& Baron Camden of Camden. 

B. June 30, 1840 ; 

st. Earl of Brecknock, 1840-1866 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, i860 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Kent, Jan. 14, i860; 

Ensign, Sevenoaks Corps of Rifle Volunteers, 

July 19, i860 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Brecknock, April 7, 

1866; 
Captain, Sevenoaks Corps of Rifle Volunteers, 

May 12, 1866 ; 
M. P., Brecknock, 1866; 
succ. as 3rd Marquis Camden, Aug. 6, 1866 ; 

;;/. Lady Clementine Augusta Churchill, d. of 
George, Duke of Marlborough, July 12, 
1866; 

d. May 4, 1872. 



1872. John Charles Pratt II., son of John Charles : Marquis & Earl 

Camden, Earl of Brecknock, Viscount Bayham, 
& Baron Camden of Camden. 

B. Jan. 8, 1872 : 

succ. as 4th Marquis Camden, May 4, 1872. 



I 



Arms— Quarterly, 1 & 4, Sable, on a fess between 3 elephants' heads erased 
argent, as many mullets of the field, (Pratt) ; 2 & 3, Sable, a chevron 
between 3 spear heads argent, the points embrued, (Jeffreys). 

Crests — tst. An elephant's head erased argent, (Pratt). 

2nd. A dragon's head erased vert, holding in the mouth a sinister hand, 
couped at the wrist gules, & about the neck a gold chain, & pendent there- 
from a portcullis or, (Jeffreys). 

Supporters — Dexter, a griffin sable, beak & claws gules, gorged with a plain 
collar argent, charged with three mullets sable. Sinister, a lion or, collared as 
the dexter. 

Motto — Judicium parium, aut lex terr^-e. 



Marquises. 



CAMPDEN. 



3°7 



CAMPDEN. 

HICKS. 

1628. Baptist Hicks, 3rd son of Robert Hicks, Esq.: Viscount Campden 

of Campden, Baron Hicks of Ilmington, & a 
Baronet. 

B. before 1580 ; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Middlesex ; 

Knight, (by Royal Commissioner), July 23, 

1603 ; 
Financial Agent to the King ; 
Alderman of London, before March 6, 161 2 ; 
cr. a Baronet, July 1, 1620; 
M.P., Tavistock, 1621-1622 ; 
M.P., Tewkesbury, 1624-1625 ; 1625 ; 1626 ; 

& 1628; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, March 23, 

1625; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Gloucester, [1625]; 
cr. Baron Hicks of Ilmington, & Viscount 

Campden of Campden, May 5, 1628 ; 

m. Elizabeth, sister of Sir Humphrey May, Knt. ; 

d. Oct. 20, 1629. 



Arms — Gules, a fess wavy between 3 fleurs de lys or. 

Crest— Out of a wreath or & gules, a buck's head couped of the first, gorged with 

a chaplet vert. 
Supporters — Two bulls argent, armed, membered, & unguled sable. 



Viscounts. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 242. 



Willis, iii. 



S P. Dom. 
clxxxv. 



R R 2 



3°S 



CAMPDEN. 



NOEL. 

1629. Edward Noel I., son of Sir Andrew Noel, Knt. : Viscount Campden 

of Campden, Baron Noel of Ridlington, & Hicks 
of Ilmington, & a Baronet. 

B. before 1581 ; 

st. Edward Noel, Esq., [1601] ; 

M.P., co. Rutland, 1601 ; 

Knight, (by Lord Mountjoy), 1602 ; 

cr. a Baronet, June 29, 161 1 ; 

Master of the Game in Lyfield Forest ; 

cr. Baron Noel of Ridlington, March 23, 

1617 ; 
succ. as Viscount Campden of Campden, 

Oct. 20, 1629 ; 
m. Juliana Hicks, d. of Baptist, afterwards 

Viscount Campden ; 

d. March 10, 1643. 



1643. Baptist Noel, son of Edward I. : Viscount Campden of Campden, 

Baron Noel of Ridlington, & Hicks of Ilming- 
ton, & a Baronet. 

B. 161 2 ; 

Captain of a Troop of Horse & Company of 

Foot, (Royal Army), [1643] ; 
succ. as 2nd Viscount Campden of Campden, 

March 10, 1643 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. qf Horse, (Royal Army), 

March 15, 1643; 
Brigadier of Foot, do., 

July 24, 1643; 
Brigadier of Horse, do., 

July 24, 1643; 
Captain of a Troop of Horse, (for King Charles 

II.), 1660; 
Ford Lieutenant, co. Rutland, Aug. 9, 1660 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Rutland, 1660 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Middlesex, 1661 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Rutland, Nov. 17, 1682 ; 



Viscounts. 



Willis, iii. 
151- 

MS. Soc. Ant. 



Dom. Ixxviii. 
109. 



MS. Dugd. 

M. 1. 



Ibid. 

Ibid. 

Walker. 
Pat. 16. 

Pat. 



CAMPDEN. 



3°9 



vi. (1) Lady Anne Feilding, 2nd d. of William, 
1st Earl of Denbigh ; 

m. (2) Anne (Lovett), dowager- Countess of Bath, 
about June, 1638 ; 

nu (3) Hester, d. 6^ co.-h. of Thomas, Lord 
Wotton ■ 

;u. (4) Lady Elizabeth Bertie, eldest d. of Mon- 
tagu, 2nd Earl of Lindsey, July 7, 1655 ; 

d. Oct. 29, 1683. 



1OS3. Edward Noel II., son of Baptist (3) : Viscount Campden of Camp- 
den, Baron Noel of Ridlington, Hicks of Ilming- 
ton, & Noel of Titchfield, & a Baronet. 

B. before 1641 ; 

st. Edward Noel, Esq., [i658]-i68i ; 

M.P., co. Rutland, 1661-1679 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Rutland, [1661] ; 

Lieutenant, co. Hants, March 20, 1676 j 

Warden & Keeper of the New Forest, Lynd- 

hurst Park, & the Hundred of Rudbergh, 

April 6, 1676; 
M.P., co. Hants, 1679 '■> 

cr. Baron Noel of Titchfield, Feb. 3, 16S1 ; 
Constable of Porchester Castle, & Lieutenant of 

Southbere Forest, Jan., 1682 ; 
Covernor, Captain, & Major of the town of 

Portsmouth, & Southsea Castle, Feb. 4, 

1682 ; 
cr. Earl of Gainsborough, Dec. 1, 1682; 
slicc. as 3rd Viscount Campden of Campden, 

Oct. 29, 1683 ; 

see title Gainsborough. 



Arms— Quarterly, 1 & 4, Or, fretty gules, a canton ermine, (Noel) : 2 & 3, Gules, 
a fess wavy between 3 fleurs de lys or, (Hicks). 

Crest — On a wreath, a buck standing at gaze argent, attired or. 

Supporters — Two bulls argent, armed & unguled sable. 

Motto— Tout bien ou riex. 



Viscounts. 



Dom. lx. 66. 
Pat. 6. 



Ibid. 



Signet Bk. 



Pat. 



3io 



CAMPERDOWN. 



CAMPERDOWN. 

DUNCAN. 

1797. Adam Duncan, son of Alexander Duncan, Esq. : Viscount Duncan 

of Camperdown, & Baron Duncan of Lundie. 

B. July, 1 731; 

educ. Dundee ; 

Midshipman, R.N., 1749 ; 

Lieutenant, Jan. 10, 1755 ; 

Commander, Sept. 21, 1759; 

Post Captain, Feb. 25, 1761 ; 

Rear Admiral of the Blue, Sept. 14, 1787 ; 

Rear Admiral of the White, Sept. 22, 1790 ; 

Vice Admiral of the Blue, Feb. 1, 1793 ; 

Vice Admiral of the White, April 12, 1794 ; 

Commander-in-Chief in the North Seas, March 
11, 1795-1804; 

Admiral of the Blue, June 1, 1795 ; 

cr. Baron Duncan of Lundie, & Viscount Dun- 
can of Camperdown, Oct. 30, 1797 ; 

Knight of St. Alexander Newski, of Russia, 
Dec. 5, 1797 ; 

Admiral of the White, Feb. 14, 1799; 

/;/. Henrietta, 2nd d. of the Right Hon. Robert 

' Of a manly, athletic form, six Dundas, & niece of Henry, 1st Viscount 

feet three inches hijrh, erect , r 1 -n t 1 -o ia t\„ o o \ 

& graceful, with a coun- Melville, July i, 1781 \ (d. Dec. 8, 1832); 

tenance that indicated great (-J Aug. 4 1804. 

intelligence & benevolence.' 
— Gentleman 's Magazine, 
LXXIV., p. 879. 

June 11, 1798. — 'Saw Lord 
Duncan & his daughter. 
They are both magnificent 
creatures.' — Gilbert, Lord 
Minto, Life &> Letters, 
III., p. 6. 



Viscounts. 
Eakls. 




After J. Hoppner. 




£^f 



CAMPERDO WN. 



3" 



1S04. Robert Dundas Duncan Hai.dane, son of Adam : Earl of Camper- 
down of Lundie & Glenagles, Viscount Dun- 
can of Camperdown, & Baron Duncan of 
Lundie. 

B. March 21, 1785 ; 

Ensign, 2nd, ' Coldstream,' Regt. of Foot Guards, 

Dec. 30, 1797 ; 
Captain, Ayrshire Regt. of Militia, Nov. 4, 

1803; 
succ. as 2nd Viscount Duncan of Camperdown, 

Aug. 4, 1804; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Perth, July 2, 1831 ; 
cr. Earl Camperdown of Lundie & Glenagles, 

Sept. 12, 1 83 1 ; 
K.T., May 12, 1848; 

;;/. Janet, d. of Sir Hugh Dalrymple-Hamilton, 
Bart., Jan. 8, 1805 ; 

d. Dec. 22, 1859. 



1859. Adam Duncan-Haldane, son of Robert Dundas : Earl of Camper- 
down of Lundie & Glenagles, Viscount Dun- 
can of Camperdown, & Baron Duncan of 
Lundie. 

B. March 25, 181 2 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

st. Viscount Duncan, 1831-1859; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Perth, Nov. 5, 1832 ; 

M. A. of Cambridge. 1834; 

M.P., Southampton, 1837-1841 ; 

M.P., Bath, 1841 ; & 1847-1852 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Forfar, June 18, TS50; 

M.P., Forfarshire, 1854; & 1857-1859; 

a Lord of the Treasury, March 8, 1855-Feb., 

1858; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Camperdown, Dec. 22, 

tn. Juliana Cavendish, eldest d. of Sir George 
Richard Philips, Bart, March 23, 1839 ; 

d. Jan. 30, 1 86 7. 



Earls. 



312 



CAMPERDOWN. 



1 86 7. Robert Adam Philips Haldane Duncan, son of Adam Haldane, 

Earl of Camperdown of Lundie & Glenagles, 
Viscount Duncan of Camperdown, & Baron 
Duncan of Lundie. 

B. May 28, 1841 ; 

st. Viscount Duncan, 1841-1867 ; 

educ. Baliol Coll., Oxford ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Forfar, March 12, 1863 ; 

Cornet, Warwickshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

April 27, 1S63 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick, April 21, 

1866 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Camperdown, Jan. 30, 1867; 
B. A., of Oxford, 1S67 ; 

Lord in Waiting to the Queen, Dec. 17, 186S; 
a Lord of the Admiralty, July 12, 1870-Feb., 

1S74. 



Arms — Gules, in chief two cinquefoils argent, & in base a hunting horn of the 
second stringed azure ; & as augmentation, in the centre chief point a naval 
crown, & pendent therefrom a representation of the gold medal given for the 
battle of Camperdown, (being two female figures representing Victory alighting 
on the prow of an antique galley & crowning Britannia), & underneath in gold 
letters the word ' Camperdown.' 

Crest — On waves of the sea a dismasted ship proper: over it, the words, ' Disce 

PATI.' 

Supporters — Dexter, an angel proper vested argent, mantle purple; on the head 
a celestial crown, resting the right hand on an anchor, & holding in the left a 
palm branch or. Sinister, a sailor habited & armed proper; his left hand sup- 
porting a staff, thereon hoisted a flag azure, & with the Dutch republican 
colours wreathed round the middle of the staff. 

Motto— Secundis dubiisque rectus. 



Earl. 



CANNING. 

CANNING. 

1828. Joan Canning, 3rd d. & co.-h. of Major-General, John Scott, of 

Balcomie : Viscountess Canning of Kilbrahan. 

B. about 1780; 

cr. Viscountess Canning of Kilbrahan, Jan. 22, 
1828 ; 

m. Rt. Hon. George Canning, July 8, 1800 ; 
(d. Aug. 8, 1827); 

d. March 15, 1837. 



Viscount- 
ess, 
Earl. 



Arms— Or, within a border engrailed gules, a bend azure, charged with a mullet 
between 2 crescents or, & in the chief point a crescent of the second. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion argent, charged on the shoulder with 3 trefoils 
slipped vert, & holding in the sinister forepaw an arrow, point downwards. 
Sinister, a cormorant holding in its beak a branch of laver, all proper. 



VOL. I. 



S S 



3 T 4 



CANNING. 




From a photograph. 



1837. Charles John Canning, 3rd son of George & Joan : Earl Canning, 

& Viscount Canning of Kilbrahan. 

B. Dec. 14, 181 2 ; 

st. Hon. Charles John Canning, 182S-1S37; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, June 6, 1833 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, March 1, 

1834 ; 

M.P., Warwick, 1836-1837 ; 

succ. as Viscount Canning, March 15, 1837 ; 

Vice Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, June 15, 183S; 

Under Secretary of State for the Foreign De- 
partment, Sept. 4, 1 84 1 ; 

Chief Commissioner of Woods and Forests, 
March 2-July 6, 1846 : 

Privy Councillor, March 18, 1846 ; 

a Commissioner for promoting the Fine Arts, 
March 19, 1846 ; 

Postmaster General, Jan. 5, 1853; 

Governor General of India, July 4, 1855- 
March, 1862; 

G.C.B., March 31, 1859: 

cr. Earl Canning, May 12, 1859 ; 

Ranger of Greenwich Park, i860 ; 

Grand Master of the Order of the Star of India, 
June 25, 1861-March, 1862 ; 

K.G., May 21, 1862 ; 

m. Hon. Charlotte Stuart, eldest d. of Char/es, 
Lord Stuart de Rothesay, Sept. 5, 1835; 

d. June 17, 1862. 



Arms — Quarterly, I & 4, Argent 3 Moors' heads couped in profile proper, wreathed 
about the temples, of the first & azure, (Canning) ; 2, Gules, 3 spearheads 
palewise in fess argent, (Solman) ; 3, Gules, a goat saliant or, (Marshall). 

Crest— A demidion rampant argent, charged with 3 trefoils vert, holding in the 
dexter paw an arrow pheoned & flighted proper, the staff or. 

Supporters— As above. 

Motto— Ne cede malis, sed contra. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



CANTERBURY. 



3*5 



CANTERBURY. 



MANNERS-SUTTON, 

1835. Charles Manners-Sutton, son of Charles, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury : Viscount Canterbury, & Baron Bottes- 
ford of Bottesford. 

B. Jan. 29, 1780 ; 

educ. Eton, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

B. A. of Cambridge, 1802; 

M.A. do., 1805 ; 

Barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1805 ; 

M.P., Scarborough, 1806 ; 1807 ; 1812 ; 

1818; 1820; 1826; 1830; &1831-1832; 
Judge- Advocate-Ceneral, Nov. 1, 1S09 ; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 8, 1809; 
Speaker of the House of Commons, June 2, 

1817-Dec. 28, 1834 ; 
a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn ; 
LL.U. of Cambridge, 1824; 
Registrar of the Faculty Office ; 
M.P., University of Cambridge, 1832 ; & 

i835 > 
G.C.B., Sept. 4, 1833 5 
Commissioner to adjust the Claims of Canada, 

Feb.-March, 1835 ; 
cr. Baron Bottesford of Bottesford, & Viscount 

Canterbury, March 10, 1835 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse ; 

(1) Lucy, d. of Jo Jin Denison, Esq., of 
Denbies, July 8, 181 1 ; 

(2) Ellen, d. of Edmund Power, Esq., 
(wido70 of John Home-Purvis, Esq.), 
Dec. 6, 1S28 ; 

d. July 2T, 1845. 




After. A. E. Chalc 



: Mr. Manners-Sutton pos- 
sessed all the advantages 
of a commanding presence, 
... & that winning grace 
of manner for which our 
language affords no precise 
epithet.' — Times News- 
paper, July, 1845. 



711 



m. 



s s 2 



Viscounts. 



i845- Charles John Manners-Sutton, son of Charles (i): Viscount 

Canterbury, & Baron Bottesford of Bottesford. 

B. April 17, 181 2 ; 

st. Hon. Charles John Manners-Sutton, 

1835-1845 ; 
succ. as 2nd Viscount Canterbury, July 21, 

1845; 
Cornet, Royal Gloucestershire (Hussar) Regt. of 

Yeomanry, Aug. 13, 1847 > 
a Commissioner to inquire into local charges on 

Shipping, 1853 ; 
Lieutenant, Royal Gloucestershire (Hussar) 

Regt. of Yeomanry, May 20, 1856 ; 

d. Nov. 13, 1869. 



1S69. John Henry Thomas Manners-Sutton, brother of Charles John : 

Viscount Canterbury, & Baron Bottesford of 
Bottesford. 

B. May 27, 1814 ; 

educ. Eton, <Sc Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

st. Hon. John Henry Thomas Manners- 
Sutton, 1835-1866 ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1835 ; 

M.P., Cambridge, 1839; & 1841-1847 ; 

Under Secretary of State for the Home Depart- 
ment, Sept., 1841-July, 1846; 

Registrar of the Faculty Office ; 

M.P., Newark-on-Trent, 1847-1852 ; 

Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick, 
June, 1854-Oct. , 1 86 1 ; 

Governor & Commander-in-Chief of Trinidad, 
June 24, 1864-1866 ; 

Vice Admiral of Trinidad. June 28, 1864- 
1866; 

Governor & Commander-in-Chief of Victoria, 
May 19, 1866-1873 ; 

K.C.B., June 23, 1866 ; 

succ. as 3rd Viscount Canterbury, Nov. 13, 
1869 ; 



Viscounts. 



CANTERBURY. 



3i7 



Knight Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. George, 

June 25, 1873; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Norfolk, Nov. 8, 1875; 

///. Georgiana, d. of Charles Tonipson, Esq., of 
Witchingham Hall, co. Norfolk, July 5, 



1838. 



d. June 24, 1877. 



1S77. Henry Charles Manners-Sutton, son of John Henry Thomas: 

Viscount Canterbury, & Baron Bottesford of 
Bottesford. 

B. July 12, 1 S3 9; 

st. Henry Charles Manners-Sutton, Esq , 

1857-1869 ; 
st. Hon. Henry Charles Manners-Sutton, 

1869-1877 ; 
succ. as 4th Viscount Canterbury, June 24, 

1877; 

m, Amye Rachel, only d. of Hon. Frederick 
Walpole, April, 1872. 






Arms— Quarterly, 1 & 4, Argent, a canton sable, (Sutton) ; 2 & 3, Or, 2 bars 
azure, a chief quarterly azure & gules, the first, charged with 2 fleurs de lys, the 
second, with a lion passant gardant, or, (Manners). 

Crest— On a chapeau gules turned up ermine, a peacock in pride proper. 

Supporters— Two unicorns argent, aimed, maned, tufted, & unguled or, each 
having suspended round the neck, by a chain of the last, an escutcheon azure, 
the Dexter charged with a mace erect, & the Sinister, with a mitre, of the 
second. 

Motto— Pour y parvenir. 



Viscounts. 



3*8 



CARDIGAN. 



CARDIGAN. 



Eakls. 



DRUDENELL. 

1661. Thomas Brudenell, son of Robert Brudenell, Esq. : Earl of Cardi- 
gan, Baron Brudenell of Stanton-Wyvill, & a 
Baronet. 

B. about 1583 ; 

st. Thomas Brudenell, Esq , [161 1 ] ; 

cr. a Baronet, May 22, 161 1 ; 

Knight, (by King James I.), April 9, 161 2 ; 

Chief Commissioner to inquire into abuses & 

wastes in the Forest of Deane, July 25, 

1618 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Northampton, [1624] ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Northampton ; 
cr. Baron Brudenell of Stanton-Wyvill, 

April 16, 1627 ; 
cr. Earl of Cardigan, April 20, 1661 ; 

m. Alary, d. of Sir Thomas Tresham, Knt, of 
Rushton, co. Northampton ; 

d. Sept. 16, 1664. 



1664. Robert Brudenell I., son of Thomas : Earl of Cardigan, Baron 

Brudenell of Stanton-Wyvill, & a Baronet. 

B. about 1605 ; 

st. Robert Brudenell, Esq. ; 
st. Lord Brudenell, 1661-16643 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Cardigan, Sept. 16, 
1664 ; 

///. (1) Mary Constable, d. of Henry, Viscount 

Dunbar, in Scotland; 
m. (2) Anne, d. of Thomas, Viscount Savage ; 

d. July 16, 1703. 



MS. Wood, 
B. 9 . 



Pat. p. 12, d. 

Journ. Lds. 
»i- 395- 



CARDIGAN. 



;i9 



1703. George Brudenell I., grandson of Robert I. : Earl of Cardigan, 

Baron Brudenell of Stanton-Wyvill, & a Baronet. 

B. before 1690 ; 

st. Lord Brudenell, 169S-1703 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Cardigan, July 16, 1703; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Northampton, Jan. 7, 

1711 ; 
Master of the Harthounds & Buckhounds, 

June 28, 1 7 12 ; 
Master of the Harthounds & Buckhounds, 

Nov. 16, 1714-Juiy, 1 7 15 ; 
cr. LLD. of Cambridge, April 25, 172S ; 

111. Lady Elizabeth Bruce, eldest d. of Thomas, 
2nd Earl of ' Ailesbury (1), [May], 1707, 

d. July 5, 1732. 



1732. George Brudenell II., son of George I. : Earl of Cardigan, Baron 

Brudenell of Stanton-Wyvill, & a Baronet. 



B. July 26, 17 12 ; 
st. Lord Brudenell, 



1712-1732 ; 



II. at his 



Page of Honour to King George 
Coronation, Oct. n, 1727 ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Jan. 31, 1730; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Cardigan, July 5, 1732 ; 

Warden &: Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 
Forests North of Trent, Feb. n, 1742- 
Feb. 1752 ; 

took the name & arms of Montagu, 1749 ; 

Constable & Lieutenant of Windsor Castle, 
Feb. 22, 1752 ; 

K.G., March 13, 1752 ; 

cr. Marquis of Monthermer, & Duke of Mon- 
tagu, Nov. 5, 1766 ; 

m. Lady Mary Montagu, yd d. Gr* co-h. of 
jfohn, Duke of Montagu, July 7, 1730: 

d. May 23, 1790 ; 

see title Montagu. 



Earls. 



Establ. Bk. 
20. 

Ibid. 

C. H. C. iv. 

196. 



320 



CARDIGAN. 




After G. Romney. 



1790. James Brudenell, brother of George II. : Earl of Cardigan, Baron 

Brudenell of Stanton-Wyvill, Baron Brudenell of 
Deane, & a Baronet. 

B. April 10, 1725 ; 

st. Hon. James Brudenell, 1 725-1 7S0 ; 

M.P., Shaftesbury, 1754-1761 ; 

Deputy Cofferer of the Household, Dec., 1755 ; 

Aide-de-Camp to the Duke of Marlborough, 

Jan., 1756 ; 
Keeper of the Privy Purse to the Prince of 

Wales ; 
Keeper of the Privy Purse to King George III., 

Nov., 1760; 
Gentleman & Master of the Robes to King 

George III., Dec. 4, 1760 ; 
M.P., Hastings, 1 761-1768; 
M.P., Great Bedwin, 1768 ; 
M.P., Marlborough, 1768 ; & 1774-1780 ; 
cr. Baron Brudenell of Deane, Sept. 29, 1780; 
succ. as 5th Eavl of Cardigan, May 23, 1790; 
Constable & Governor of Windsor Castle, 

Feb. 5, 1 791 ; 
High Steward of New Windsor, 1802 ; 

;//. ( 1 ) Anne Legge, d. of George, Viscount Lewis- 
ham, Nov. 23, 1760 ; 

m. (2) Lady Elizabeth, sister of George, 4th 
Earl Waldegravc, April 28, 1791 - } 

d. Feb. 24, 181 1. 



181 r. Robert Brudenell II., nephew of James : Earl of Cardigan, Baron 

Brudenell of Stanton-Wyvill, & a Baronet. 

B. April 26, 1769 ; 

st. Robert Brudenell, Esq., 1 787-181 1 ; 

M.P., Marlborough, 1 797-1802 ; 

succ. as 6th Earl of Cardigan, Feb. 24, 181 1; 

m. Penelope Anne, d. of George JoJtn Cooke, 
Esq., March 8, 1794 ; 

d. Aug. 14, 1837. 



Earls. 



Appmt. Bk. 
98. 



i8 3 7- 




After a photograph. 



James Thomas Brudenell, son of Robert II. : Earl of Cardigan, 

Baron Brudenell of Stanton- Wyvill, & a Baronet. 

B. Oct. 1 6, 1797 ; 

st. Lord Brudenell, 1S11-1837 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

M.P., Marlborough, 1S18 ; 1820 ; & 1S26- 

1829 ; 
Captain, Northamptonshiie Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Dec. 14, 1 819 ; 
Cornet, 8th (Royal Irish) Regt. of Hussars, 

May 6, 1824 ; 
Lieutenant, do., Jan. 13, 1825 ; 

Captain, do., June 9, 1826 ; 

Major, do., Aug. 3, 1830 ; 

M.P., Fowey, 1830; & 1831-1832; 
Lieut. -Colonel, 15th ('King's') Regt. of Hussars, 

Dec. 3, 1830-March 21, 1834; 
M.P., North Northamptonshire, 1832-1835 ; 

& 1835-1837; 
Lieut.-Colonel, nth Regt. of Light Dragoons, 

(afterwards ' Prince Albert's Own ' Hussars), 

March 25, 1836-June 20, 1854 ; 
succ. as 7th Earl of Cardigan, Aug. 14, 1837; 
Colonel in the Army, Nov. 9, 1846 ; 
Brigadier-General, (Turkey & the Crimea), 

Feb. 21, 1854-1855 ; 
Major-General, June 20, 1854 ; 
Inspecting General of Cavalry, Feb. 1, 1855— 

March 31, i860 ; 
received the Crimean Medal with 4 clasps, 

May 18, 1855 ; 
K.C.B., July 5, 1855 ; 
Commander of the Legion of Honour, of 

France, Aug. 2, 1856 ; 
Knight, Second Class of the Medjidie, of 

Turkey, March 2, 1858 ; 
Colonel, 5th ('Princess Charlotte of Wales's') 

Regt. of Dragoon Guards, Aug. 14, 1859; 
Colonel, nth ('Prince Albert's Own') Regt. of 

Hussars, Aug. 3, i860 ; 
Lieutenant-General, Feb. 13, 1861; 



Eaki,. 



VOL. I. 



T T 



iii. (i) Elizabeth- Jane Henrietta, d. of Rear 
Adni. John Tollemache, Tune 19, 1826 ; 
(./.July 15, 1858); 

(2) Adeline Louisa Afaria, d. of Spencer 
Horsey Dc Horsey, Esq., Sept. 28, 1858 ; 
d. March 28, 1868. 



;// 



*~^^~*^Jju<x 



Earls. 



1868. George William Frederick Brudenell Bruce, cousin of James 

Thomas : Earl of Cardigan, Baron Brudenell 
of Stanton Wyvil, & a Baronet. 

B. Nov. 20, 1804 ; 

succ. as 2nd Marquis of Ailesbury, |an. 4, 

1S56; 
succ. as 8th Earl of Cardigan, March 28, 

186S ; 

see title Ailesbury. 



Arms — Argent, a chevron gules, between three chapeaus or caps of maintenance, 
their fronts turned towards the sinister azure. 

Crest — A sea-horse argent. 

Supporters — Dexter, a stag argent, a cross formee fitchee between the attires & 
in the mouth a dart point downwards, all gold. Sinister, a horse argent, 
charged on the breast with a cross flory, quarterly, sable & argent. 

Motto— Ex grace affie. 



CARDWELL. 

CARD WELL. 

1S74. Edward Cardwell, son of John Cardwell, Esq. : Viscount Cardwell 

of Ellerbeck. 

B. July 24, 1813 ; 

educ. Winchester, <Sc Balliol Coll., Oxford ; 

st. Edward Cardwell, Esq., 1 831 -185 2 ; 

Fellow of Balliol College ; 

B.A. of Oxford, May 27. 1835 ; 

M.A. do., June 21, 1838 ; 

Barrister, Inner Temple, 1 83S ; 

M.P., Clitheroe, 1842-1S47 ; 

Joint Secretary to the Treasury, Feb., 1845- 

July, 1846 ; 
M.P., Liverpool, 1847-185 2 ; 
President of the Board of Trade, Dec. 28, 

1852-Feb., 1855 ; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 28, 1852 ; 
M.P., Oxford, 1853-1857; 1857; 1S59; 1S65; 

& 186S-1874 ; 
Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of 

Ireland, June, 1859-July, 1861; 
Privy Councillor of Ireland, July 5, 1859 ; 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, July 25, 

1 86 1 -March, 1864 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, 1863 ; 
Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 

March, 1864-June, 1S66 ; 
Secretary of State for the War Department, 

Dec. 9, 1868-Feb. 21, 1874 ; 
an Official Trustee of the British Museum, 

Dec. 9, i86S-Feb. 21, 1874 ; 
cr. Viscount Cardwell of Ellerbeck, March 6, 

1874; 

T T 2 



Viscount. 



324 



CARD WELL. 



Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, June 27. 

1877; 
m. Annie, d. of Charles Stewart Parker, Esq., of 

Fairlic, co. Ayr, Aug. 14, 1838. 



Arms — Argent, a chevron sable, in base a maiden's head erased proper, ducally 
crowned or, on a chief of the second, 2 maidens' heads, as before. 

Crest — A man in complete armour, affronte, holding in the dexter hand a battle- 
axe, all proper, charged on the breast with a cross patte'e gules. 

Supporters— Two men in armour as the crest, each holding a battle-axe raised in 
the exterior hand. 

Motto — Yaillant et veillant. 



Viscount. 



CARLISLE. 



325 



CARLISLE. 



[11 19]. Ranulf 'de Briquesart,' nephew of Hugh, Earl of Chester : Lord 

of Carlisle. 

cr. Lord of Carlisle & Cumberland, by King 

Henry I., before n 19 ; 
cr. Eari of Chester, {in exchange), 1 120 ; 

see title Chester. 



+ + 



HARTCLA. 

1322. Andrew de Hartcla, son of Michael de Hartcla : Earl of Carlisle, 

& Baron de Hartcla. 

B. before 1289 ; 

Knight, (by Thomas, Earl of Lancaster) ; 

Captain in the West Marches, [Oct. 26], 1309 ; 

Sheriff, co. Cumberland, Jan., 13 12-13 15 > 

M.P., co. Cumberland, 13 12 ; 

Warden of Carlisle Castle, March 12, 1313; 

Warden of Carlisle, & the Parts adjacent, 

Sept. 18, 1315-June 24, 1316 ; 
Commissioner to receive submission of Scots, 

Aug. 7, 131 7 ; 
Warden of the town of Carlisle, Sept. 20, 

1317 ; 

Constable of Cockermouth Castle, April 1, 
1318; 

Chief Commissioner of Array in co. Westmore- 
land, Aug. 24, 13 18 ; 

Sheriff, co. Cumberland, Jan., 13 19-1322; 

Chief Warden of Carlisle, April 8, 13 19 ; 

Warden of the West Marches towards Scotland; 



Miles strenuus & famosus.' — - 
Chron. de Lanercost, p. 242. 



Earls. 



Leland.Coll 
ii. 464. 
R. Scot. 
m. 4, d. 



Orig. r. 9. 
R.Scot, m. 6. 

R. Scot, 
m. 17. 

R. pat. 1, 
m. 24. 

Orig. r. 9. 

R. Scot. 
m. 13. 

R. pat. 1, 
10. 17. 



326 



CARLISLE. 



Arms — ' De argent a un crois 
de goules, e un merlot de 
sable.' 
MS. Cott. Caligula, A. xiij. 



Warden of cos. Cumberland & Westmoreland, 

April 9, 1 319; 
Conservator of the Peace in cos. Cumberland «Sr 

Westmoreland, June 18, 1320; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron de Hartcla, May 15, 

1321 ; 
Keeper of the Manor & Liberty of Wark in 

Tyndale, Feb. 5, 1322 ; 
cr. Earl of Carlisle, March 3, 1322 ; 
Captain & Warden, cos. York, Cumberland, 

Westmoreland, Northumberland, & the 

Bishopric of Durham, March 26, 1322; 

m. Ermerarde, d. of ; 



beheaded, 



+ 



+ 



March 3, 1323. 



+ 



HAY. 

1622. James Hay L, 2nd son of Sir Peter Hay, Knight, of Melginch : Earl 

of Carlisle, Viscount Doncaster, & Baron Hay 
of Sawley ; Lord Hay, in Scotland. 

B. before 1583 ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James 

VI. of Scotland, [1603] ; 
Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King 

James I., (England), May n, 1603 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James I., 

1603; 
Knight, before Feb. 28, 1604; 
naturalised in England, May 14, 1604 ; 
Joint Steward & Lieutenant of the Manor of 

Woodstock, (reversion), Oct. 5, 1604; 
Joint Keeper of Chichford Walk &: New Lodge, 

Waltham Forest, July 29, 1605 ; 
cr. Lord Hay, in Scotland, June 1, 1606; 
Gentleman of the Robes, [Dec. 23, 1608]; 
Master of the Great Wardrobe, March 20, 1613- 

Aug., 1618 ; 



Earls. 

R. pat. 1, m. 
9- 



Orig. r. 8. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 22. 



Care 


y, 19s 


Ibid. 


192. 


Ibid. 


197. 


Dom 


vi. 



Pat. 7. 

Grant Bk. 

p. 13. 

Dom. 
xxxviii. 

Grant Bk. 



CARLISLE. 



;27 




After C. Jansen. 



' A comely, handsome, gentle- 
man.' — Bishop Goodman, 
I., p. 40. 



'II n'etoit pas beau de visage, 
mais d'une taille fort avanta- 
geuse.' — Comte de Til- 
liekes, Me 'moires, p. 1. 



' Truly he was a most com- 
pleat & well-accomplished 
gentleman, modest & court- 
like, & of so faire a de- 
meanour as made him be 
generally beloved.' ■ — Sir 
Ant. Weldon, I., p. 332. 



cr. Baron Hay of Sawley, June 29, 1615 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, July 12- 

Oct. 7, 1616; 
Privy Councillor, March 20, 161 7 ; 
cr. Viscount Doncaster, July 5, 161 S ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Germany, May 1, 

1619-Jan., 1620 ; 
Keeper of Nonsuch House, Gardens, &: Park, 

May 17, 1620 ; 
Chief Huntsman to King James T. ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, April 22, 

1622 ; 
cr. Earl of Carlisle, Sept. 13, 1622 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris & Madrid, 

Feb. 21, 1623 ; 
K.G., Dec. 31, 1624 ; 
Member of the permanent Council of War, 

May 3, 1626 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 



I., 



Aug. 3, 1626 ; 



Governor of the Carribee Islands, July 2, 1627 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Venice, April- 

Oct, 1628 ; 
Groom of the Stole, & First Gentleman of the 

Bedchamber to King Charles I., Feb., 

1631; 
Keeper of Epping Walk in Waltham Forest ; 

m. (1) Honora, d. of Edward, Lord Denny, 

Jan. 6, 1604 ; 
m. (2) Lady Lucy Percy, d. of Henry, gf/i Earl 

of NortJiamberland, Nov. 6, 161 7 ; 

d. April 25, 1636. 




Eari.. 



Pat. 

Dom. cxlviii. 

59- 



Dom. xxvi. 
33- 



Col. iv. 



Dom. 
clxxxv. 53. 



328 



CARLISLE. 



1636. James Hay II., son 




After Van Dyck. 

Arms — Argent, 3 escutcheons, 
2 & 1, gules. 

Crest — On a wreath, a falcon 
rousant argent, beaked, 
membered, & belled or. 

Supporters — Two savage 
men proper, wreathed, & 
girdled with laurel, each 
holding an ox-yoke in the 
exterior hand. 

Motto — Virtus mille 

SCUTA. 



+ 



of James 1. (1) : Earl of Carlisle, Viscount 
Doncaster, Baron Denny of Waltham, & Hay of 
Sawley ; Lord Hay, in Scotland. 

B. (about) 1604 ; 

st. Viscount Doncaster, 1622-1636 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, for Germany, Nov., 

1624 ; 
Knight of the Bath, Feb. 1. 1626 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Carlisle, April 25, 1636; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Buckingham, 1636 ; 
succ. {jure matris), as 2nd Baron Denny of 

Waltham, Sept. 27, 1637 ; 
Warden & Keeper of Epping Walk, & of Ching- 

ford & New Lodge Walks, in Waltham 

Forest, Sept. 27, 1637 ; 
cr. M.A. of Cambridge, March 5, 1642 ; 
Commissioner of Array, in co. Cambridge, 1642; 
Volunteer with the Royal Army, 1642 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Royal Army), 

Oct., 1643-1646; 

vi. Lady Margaret Russell, yd d. of Francis, 
Earl of Bedford ; 

d. Oct., 1660. 



Eari.s. 



+ 



HOWARD. 

1 66 1. Charles Howard, son of Sir William Howard, of Na worth : Earl 

of Carlisle, Viscount Howard of Morpeth, & 
Baron Dacre of Gillesland. 

B. 1629 ; 

st. Charles Howard, Esq., 1647-1661; 
High Sheriff, co. Cumberland, 1650 ; 
Captain of the Lord Protector's Body Guard ; 



Dom. clxxiv. 
87. 

Walkley, 
128. 



Pat. 



Dom. cccv. 

C. H. C, iii 

321. 



Warb. ii. 
324. 



CARLISLE. 



;2 9 




After S. Blooteling, engr. 



1663. — 'Besides that he was 
of a comely & advantageous 
stature, a majestick mien, 
& not above four-&-thirty 
years of age, he had a pecu- 
liar grace & vivacity in his 
discourse, & in his actions 
a great promptitude & dili- 
gence.'— G. M., 1669. 



VOL. I. 



Colonel of a Regt. of Horse ; 

M.P., Westmoreland, 1653 ; 

M.P., Cumberland, 1654; & 1656 ; 

a Councillor of State for Scotland, June, 1655 ; 

Major-General, [1656] ; 

summ. to 'House of Lords,' Dec. 10, 1657 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, 1660 ; 

M.P., co. Cumberland, 1660 ; 

Governor of Carlisle, 1660; 

Privy Councillor, June 2, 1660 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Essex, July 9-Nov. 24, 

1660 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, cos. Cumberland & Westmore- 
land, Oct. 1, 1660 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Cumberland, 1660; 

cr. Baron Dacre of Gillesland, Viscount Howard 
of Morpeth, & Earl of Carlisle, April 20, 

1661 ; 

Vice Admiral, cos. Northumberland, Cumber- 
land, & Durham, June 18, 166 r ; 

Joint Commissioner for office of Earl Marshal, 
May 27, 1662 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to Denmark, Sweden, 
& Russia, July 20, 1663-Dec, 1664; 

Captain of a Troop of Horse, June 30, 1666 ; 

Captain, Prince Rupert's Regt. of Horse, June 
13, 1667 ; 

Lieutenant General of the Forces, June 20, 1667; 

Joint Commander-in-Chief of the Militia of 
Cumberland, Westmoreland, Northumber- 
land, & Durham, June 20, 1667 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary, (with the Garter), to 
Charles XL, King of Sweden, Nov. 29, 
166S-1669 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Durham, April iS, 1672; 

High Forester of Barnard's Castle, Teesdale, & 
Marwoodshagg, June 24, 1672 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, Jan 22, 1673 ; 

Deputy Earl Marshal of England, June, 1673; 

Captain-General & Governor-in-Chief of Jamaica, 
Sept. 25, 1677 ; 



u u 



Earl. 
Willis, iii. 



Gumble, 265. 



Pat. 



Pat. 

Pat. 



Mun. Bk. i. 
Dom. Corr. 

Dom. clx. 

Dom. ccv. 

Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 2. 

Ihid. 



Pat. 


P- 


2. 


Pat. 


P- 


1. 


Will 


iamson 


1. 54 







Pat. 



33° 



CARLISLE. 



Governor of Carlisle, March i, 1678; 

m. Anne, d. of Edward, 1st Lord Howard, of 
Escrick ; 

d. Feb. 24, 1685. 




16S5. Edward Howard, son of Charles I. : Earl of Carlisle, Viscount 

Howard of Morpeth, & Baron Dacre of Gilles- 
land. 

B. about 1646 ; 

st. Viscount Morpeth, 1661-1685 > 

M.P., Morpeth, 1666-1679 ', & 1679 ; 

Captain of Foot, June 13, 1667 ; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, cos. Cumberland & 

Westmoreland, Dec. 3, 1668-Feb. 24, 1685; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, Feb. 23, 1678- 

1679; 
Deputy Governor of Carlisle Castle, Feb. 25, 

167S; 
M.P., co. Cumberland, 1679-1681 ; 
M.P., Carlisle, 1681 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Carlisle, Feb. 24, 1685; 
Deputy Chief Butler of England for Coron. of 

King James II., April 23, 1685 ; 

m. Elizabeth, dowager- Lady Berkeley, d. of Sir 
William Uvcdale, Knt. ; 

d. April 23, 1692. 

1692. Charles Howard II., son of Edward : Earl of Carlisle, Viscount 

Howard of Morpeth, & Baron Dacre of Gilles- 
land. 

B. 1674 ; 

st. Viscount Morpeth, 1685-169 2 j 



Earls. 
Pat. p. 1. 



Dom. ccv. 
Warrant B'.c 

Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 3. 

Ibid. 



Sandford. 



CARLISLE. 



33i 




After Sir G. Kneller. 



1704. — ' Of a middle stature, 
fair complexion. . . . Hath 
a grave deportment.' — 
J. Macky, p. 59. 



M.P., Morpeth, 1 690-1692 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Carlisle, April 23, 1692; 

Governor of Carlisle Castle, March 1, 1693 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, cos. Cumberland & Westmore- 
land, June 28, 1694-April 29, 1712; 

Vice Admiral, co. Cumberland ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Kins: William 
III , June 22,, 1700-March 8, 1702 ; 

Deputy Earl Marshal of England, May 8, 
1701-Aug. 26, 1706 ; 

Privy Councillor, June 19, 1701 ; 

First Lord of the Treasury, Dec. 30, 1701- 
May 6, 1702 ; 

a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland, 
April 10, 1706 ; 

One of the Lords Justices of Great Britain, 
Aug. i-Sept. 18, 1714; 

Lord Lieutenant, cos. Cumberland & Westmore- 
land, Oct. 9, 1 7 14 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Cumberland, Jan. 15, 

1715 ; 

First Lord of the Treasury, May 23-Oct. n, 

1715 ; 

Constable of the Tower of London, Oct. 16, 

1715-Dec. 29, 1722 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets, July 12, 

1717-Dec, 1722; 
Constable of Windsor Castle, & Warden of the 

Forest, June 1, 1723-May, 1730; 
Master of the Foxhounds, May, 1730 ; 

m. Lady Anne Capel, d. of Arthur, \st Ear/ of 
Essex, July 5, 1688 ; 

d. May 1, 173S. 



Earl. 



Mil. Bk. 



Pat. 



Vernon, iii. 
94. 

Warr. Bk 8. 



Pat. 



Gaz. 



Pat. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 10. 



Pat. 



^W(a% 




U U 2 



33* 



CARLISLE. 



1738. Henry Howard, son of Charles II. : Earl of Carlisle, Viscount 

Howard of Morpeth, & Baron Dacre of Gilles- 
land. 

B. 1694 ; 

st. Lord Morpeth, 1 694-1 738 ; 

M.P., Morpeth, 1722 ; 1727 ; & 1734-1738; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Carlisle, May 1, 1738 ; 

K.G., Nov. 18, 1 756 ; 

in. (1) Lady Frances Spencer, d. of Charles, yd 
Eaid of Sunderland, Nov. 27, 171 7 ; 

m. (2) Hon. Lsabella, d. of William, 4H1 Lord 
Byron, June 8, 1743; 

d. Sept. 4, 1758. 



1758. Frederick Howard, son of Henry (2) : Earl of Carlisle, Viscount 

Howard of Morpeth, & Baron Dacre of Gilles- 
land. 

B May 28, 1748; 

st. Lord Morpeth, 1748- 1758 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Carlisle, Sept. 4, 1758; 

educ. Eton, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

K T., Dec. 23, 1767; (invested at Turin, 

Feb. 27, 176S) ; 
Treasurer of the Household, June 13, 1777- 

July 16, 1779; 
Privy Councillor, June 13, 1777 ; 
First Commissioner to treat with Congress of 

United States, April 13, 177S ; 
Lord Lieutenant, East Riding, co. York, 

Feb. 9, i7So-March, 1782 ; 
President of the Board of Trade & Foreign 

Plantations, Sept. 6, 1780 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Oct. 13, 1780- 

April 14, 1782 ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, May 1 1, 

1769. — Tossessing a small but 1782-Feb. 5, 1783; 

elegant figure, in which sym- Lord R q{ ^ p ri g , A -j 2 _ D 

nietry was happily blended l J ' ■» °' 

with agility & strength, he 1 7^3 > 




Earls. 



CARLISLE. 



333 



shone a meteor of fashion. 
Elegant in his dress & 
manners, ... he was con- 
sidered one of the chief 
ornaments of the court.' — 
Annual Biography, 1S26. 



' Of polished mind & graceful 
manners.' — Hardy, Me- 
moirs of Charlemoni, p. 202. 



K.G., June 12, 1793 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, East 
Riding, co. York, Jan. 26, 1799 ; 

m. Lafy Margaret Caroline Leveson Gozaer, d. 
of Granville, Marquis of Stafford, March 22, 
1770; 

d. Sept. 4, 1825. 



Earls. 




George Howard, son of Frederick : Earl of Carlisle, Viscount 

Howard of Morpeth, & Baron Dacre of Gilles- 
land. 

B. Sept. 17, 1773 ; 

st. Lord Morpeth, 1 773-1825 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, June 30, 1792; 

Captain. North Riding Regt. of Gentry & 

Yeomanry, Aug. 5, 1794 ; 
M.P., Morpeth, 1795; 1796 ; & 1802-1S06 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 18, 1799 ; 
Lieutenant, North Riding Riflemen, Oct. 27, 

1801 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 7, 1806 ; 
a Commissioner for the Affairs of India, Feb. 1 1, 

1 806- April 4, 1807 5 
M.P., Cumberland, 1806; 1807; 1812 ; & 

1818-1820; 
Lord Lieutenant, East Riding, co. York, Nov. 20, 

1824-July, 1847 ; 
Prothonotary of the County of Lancaster; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Carlisle, Sept. 4, 1825 • 
Chief Commissioner of Woods and Forests, 

May 18, 1827 ; 
Cabinet Minister, May 18, 1827; 




After J. Jackson. 



334 



CARLISLE. 



Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, July 16, 1827- 

Jan. 22, 1828 ; 
Cabinet Minister, (without office), 1830-1834; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, June 5 -July 30, 

1834; 
K.G., March 17, 1837 ; 
a Trustee of the British Museum, 1838; 

m. Lady Georgiana Dorothy Cavendish, eldest 
d. of William, ^th Duke of Devonshire, 
March 21, 1S01 ; (d. Aug. 8, 1858); 

d. Oct. 7, 1848. 



Earls. 



/^^^££_- 



1848. George William Frederick Howard, son of George : Earl of 

Carlisle, Viscount Howard of Morpeth, &: 
Baron Dacre of Gillesland. 

B. April 18, 1802 ; 

st. George W. F. Howard, Esq., 1820-1S25; 

educ. Eton, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, May 17, 1823 ; 

st. Lord Morpeth, 1 825-1848 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, East Riding, co. York, 

Oct. 23, 1825 ; 
M.P., Morpeth, 1 826-1 830 ; 
M.A. of Oxford, June 28, 1827 ; 
M.P., co. York, 1830 ; & 1831-1832 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, West Riding, co. York, 

Nov. 18, 1830 ; 
M.P., West Riding, co. York, 1S32 ; 1835 > & 

1837-1841 ; 
Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of 

Ireland, April, 1835-Sept. 3, 1841 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 20. 1835 ; 
Privy Councillor of Ireland, Sept. 30, 1835 ; 
M.P., West Riding, co. York, 1 846-1 848 ; 



CARLISLE. 



335 



Chief Commissioner of Woods and Forests, 

July 6, 1846-March, 1850; 
Councillor of the Duchy of Cornwall ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, East 

Riding, co. York, (swn.), July 22, 1847; 
succ. as 7th Earl of Carlisle, Oct. 7, 1848 ; 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, March 6, 

1850-Feb., 1852 ; 
Lord Rector of the University of Aberdeen, 

March, 1853 ; 
K.G., Feb. 7, 1855 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Feb. 28, 1S55- 

Feb. 26, 1858 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 

1855-1858 ; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, June 18, 1859- 

Oct, 1864 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 

1S59-1864; 

d. Dec. 5, 1S64. 



Eakls. 



\j ovJxtXo-j 



1864. William George Howard, brother of George William Frederick: 

Earl of Carlisle, Viscount Howard of Morpeth, 
& Baron Dacre of Gillesland. 

B. Feb. 23, 1808; 

st. Hon. William G. Howard, 1825 ; 

st. Hon. & Rev. William G. Howard, [1832]- 

1864; 
Rector of Londesborough, co. York, May 5, 

1832; 
succ. as 8th Earl of Carlisle, Dec. 5, 1864. 



33^ 



CARLISLE. 



Arms — Quarterly of 6. I, Gules, a bend between 6 cross crosslets fitchee argent ; 
on the bend an escutcheon or, charged with a demi-lion, pierced through the 
mouth with an arrow, within a double tressure flory counterfloiy, all gules, 
& above the escutcheon a mullet sable for difference, (Howard) ; 2, Gules, 
3 lions passant garHant or, & a label of 3 points argent, (Thomas of 
Brotherton) ; 3, Checquy or & azure, (Warenne) ; 4, Gules, a lion ram- 
pant argent, (Mowbray) ; 5, Gules, 3 escallops argent, (Dacre) ; 6, Barry 
of 8 argent & azure, 3 chaplets of roses proper, (Greystock). 

Cre-ST — On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a lion statant gardant, with the tail 
extended or, ducally gorged argent. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion argent, charged with a mullet sable for difference. 
Sinister, a bull gules, armed, unguled, ducally gorged & lined or. 

Motto — Volo, non valeo. 



CARNAR VON. 



337 



CARNARVON. 



DORMER. 

1628. Robert Dormer, grandson of Robert, 1st Lord Dormer : Earl of 

Carnarvon, Viscount Ascot, Baron Dormer 
of Wenge, & a Baronet. 

B. about 1607 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Dormer, Nov. 18, 1616 ; 

Chief Avenor of the Crown : 

cr. Viscount Ascot, & Earl of Carnarvon, 

Aug. 2, 1628 ; 
Master of the Hawks ; 
Captain, Household Volunteer Regt. of Horse 

Guards, March, 1639 ; 
Steward & Lieutenant of the Manor, & Keeper 

of the Park, of Woodstock • 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Buckingham, June 2, 

1641 ; 
Knight, (by King Charles I.), April 18, 1642 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Royal Army), 

1642 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Nov. 1, 1642 ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Horse, (Royal Army 

of the West), 1643 ; 

m. Lady Anne Sophia Herbert, eldest d. of Philip, 
Eai'l of Montgomery, Feb. 27, 1625 ; 
killed at b. of Newbury, Sept. 20, 1643. 




After Van Dyck. 




VOL. I. 



X X 



Earls, 

Marquises, 

Earls. 



S. P. Dom. 
ccccxiv. 155. 



Pat. 3, m. 4. 
Walkley, i. 

Warb. i. 496. 



Warb. ii. 
257- 



3tf 



CARNAR VON. 



1643. Charles Dormer, son of Robert: Earl of Carnarvon, Viscount 

Ascot, Baron Dormer of Wenge, & a Baronet. 

B. about 1627 ; 

st. Viscount Ascot, [1630]-! 643 ; 

educ. Merton Coll., Oxford ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Carnarvon, Sept. 20, 

1643 ; 
Hereditary Master-Marshal & Surveyor of the 

Hawks ; 
Hereditary Chief Avenor of the Crown; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Buckingham, 1661 ; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 8, 1665 ; 

in. (1) Elizabeth, 2nd d. of Arthur, 1st Lord 

Capel of Hadham ; 
m. (2) Lady Mary Bertie, 4th d. of Montague, 

2nd Earl of Lindsey ; 

d. Nov. 29, 1709. 



Earl. 



Arms— Quarterly, 1 & 4, Azure, billettee or, on a chief of the second, a demi-lion 
issuant sable, armed gules, (Dormer) ; 2, Gules, on a chevron between 
3 fishes hauriant argent, 3 martlets sable, on a chief indentee of the second 
3 escallops of the field, (Doore) ; 3, Argent, 3 fleursde lys azure, (Couldrich). 

Crest — On a wreath, a falcon with wings extended argent, beaked & belled or, 
standing on a right glove of the first, garnished of the second. 

Supporters — Two falcons argent, beaked & belled or. 

Motto — Cio che Dio vuole, 10 voglio. 



+ 



+ 



CARNAR VON. 



339 



BRYDGES. 

1714. J^mes Brydges, son of James, 8th Lord Chandos : Earl of Carnar- 
von, Viscount Wilton, & Baron Chandos of 
Sudeley, <Sc a Baronet. 

B. Jan 6, 1673 ; 

st. Hon. James Brydges, Esq., 1673-17 14 ; 

M.P., Hereford, 169S ; 1701 ; 1701 ; 1702; 
1705 ; 1708 ; 1 7 10 ; & 1 7 13-17 14; 

Councillor to the Lord High Admiral, March 29, 
1703-Feb. 8, 1704; 

Paymaster General of the Forces abroad, 
May 5, 1 705-1 7 13 ; 

succ. as 9th Baron Chandos of Sudeley, 
Oct. 16, 1714 ; 

cr. Viscount Wilton, & Earl of Carnarvon, 
Oct. 19, 1714 ; 

Governor of the Turkey Company ; 

cr. Marquis of Carnarvon, & Duke of Chan- 
dos, April 29, 17193 

m. Mary, d. c> h. of Sir Thomas Lake, Knt., of 
Canons, co. Middlesex, Feb. 27, 1697 ; 
(d. Dec, 1 712) ; 

see title Chandos. 



Arms —Argent, on a cross sable, a leopard's face or. 

Crest — On a wreath, the bust of an old man in profile proper, wreathed about the 
temples argent & azure, vested paly argent & gules, each semee of roundles 
counterchanged. 

Supporters — Two beavers argent. 

Motto— Mantien le droit. 



x x 2 



Earl. 



Comm. Bk 
5- 




HERBERT. 

1793. Henry Herbert, grandson of Thomas, 8th Earl of Pembroke : Earl 

of Carnarvon, & Baron Porchester of High 
Clere. 

B. Aug. 20, 1 74 1 ; 

st. Henry Herbert, Esq., 1 759-1 780 ; 

educ. Magdalen Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.P., Wilton, 1768 ; & 1 774-1780 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 3, 1769 ; 

Colonel, Wiltshire Regt. of Militia, March 27, 

1778; 
cr. Baron Porchester of High Clere, Oct. 1 7, 

17S0 ; 
; cr. Earl of Carnarvon, July 3, 1793 ; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), March 14, 

1794; 
Master of the Horse, Feb. 12, 1806-April 4, 

1807 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 12, 1806 ; 

m. Lady Elizabeth Alicia Maria Wyndham, 
eldest d. of Charles, 2nd Earl of Egremont, 
July 15, 1 771; 

d. June 3, 181 1. 




After T. Gainsborough. 



Arms — Per pale, azure & gules, 3 lions rampant argent; a crescent for difference. 

CREST — A wyvern, wings elevated vert ; in the mouth a sinister human hand 
couped at the wrist gules. 

Supporters — Dexter, a panther argent incensed proper, spotted with hurts & 
torteaux alternately. Sinister, a lion argent ; both ducally gorged per pale 
azure & gules, with chain reflexed over the backs or, & charged on the shoulder 
with an ermine spot sable. 

Motto— Ung je servirai. 



Earls. 



CARNAR VON. 



34i 



181 1. Henry George Herbert, son of Henry: Earl of Carnarvon, & 

Baron Porchester of High Clere. 

B. June 3, 1772 ; 

st. Hon. Henry George Herbert, 1780-1793; 

Captain, Wiltshire Regt. of Militia, Sept. 1, 1790 : 

st. Lord Porchester, i 793-181 i ; 

M.P., Cricklade, 1794; 1796; 1802; 1806; 
& 1807-1811 ; 

Major, West Somerset Regt. of Gentry & Yeo- 
manry ; 

lieutenant Colonel, do., Sept. 25, 1798 ; 

Colonel, do., March 24, 1803 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Somerset, Aug. 12, 1803; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Carnarvon, June 3, 181 1; 

High Steward of Newbury ; 

m. Elizabeth Kitty, d. of Colonel John Dyke- 
Ada nd, April 26, 1796 ; 

d. April 16, 1833. 




After J. Slater. 



1833. Henry John George Herbert, son of Henry George : Earl of 

Carnarvon, & Baron Porchester of High Clere. 

B. June 8, 1800 ; 

st. Lord Porchester, 1S11-1833 ; 
educ. Eton, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 
M.A. of Oxford; 

Lieutenant, West Somersetshire Regt. of Yeo- 
manry, Sept. 12, 1823; 
Captain, do., July 16, 1824; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Somerset, March 9, 



1831; • 
Lieutenant-Colonel, West Somersetshire Regt. 

of Yeomanry, Aug. 29, 1831 ; 
M.P., Wooton-Basset, 1832-1833 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Carnarvon, April 16, 1833; 
High Steward of Newbury ; 

m. Henrietta Atme,d. of Lord Henry Molyneux- 
Howard, Aug. 4, 1830 ; 

d. Dec. 10, 1849. 




Earl. 



342 CARNARVON. 



1S49. Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, son of Henry John George : 

Earl of Carnarvon, & Baron Porchester of 
Hicrh Clere. 



B. June 24, 1 S3 1 ; 

st, Lord Porchester, 1833-1849; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Carnarvon, Dec. 10, 1849 j 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hants, April 2, 1853 ; 

Captain, Hants Regt. of Yeomanry, June 6, 

1853; 

Constable of Carnarvon Castle, 1854 ; 

Under Secretary of State for the Colonial De- 
partment, March, 1858-June 18, 1859; 

High Steward of the University of Oxford, 
April 16, 1859 ; 

D.C.L. of Oxford, (by diploma), June 10, 1S59; 

Major, Hants Regt. of Yeomanry, March 3, 
1862 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, June 3, 1864; 

Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 
July 6, 1866-March 8, 1867 ; 

Privy Councillor, July 6, 1866 ; 

a Councillor of King's College, London ; 

a Councillor of Keble College, Oxford ; 

Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 
Feb. 21, 1874-Jan., 1878; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Nottingham, March 8, 

1875; 
F.S.A., April 6, 1S76; 

President of the Society of Antiquaries, April 

23, 1878; 

;;/. (1) Lady Evelyn Stanhope, d. of George, 6th 

Earl of Chesterfield, Sept. 5, 1861 • (d. 

Jan. 25, 1875) ; 
m. (2) Elizabeth Catherine, eldest d. of Henry 

Howard, Esq., of Grey stock Castle, Dec. 

26, 1878. 



CASTLETON. 



343 



CASTLETON. 



Eakl. 



SA UNDERSON. 

1 716. James Saunderson, son of George, Viscount Castleton : Earl &: 

Viscount Castleton of Sandbeck, & Baron 
Saunderson of Saxby, & a Baronet ; Viscount 
Castleton, & Baron Saunderson of Beautree, 
in Ireland. 

B. before 1680 ; 

st. Hon. James Saunderson, Esq.. [169S-1710]; 

M.P., Newark, 1698-1700 ; 1701 ; 1702; 

1705 ; & 1 708-1 7 10 ; 
Vice Admiral, co. Lincoln, Jan. 30, 1705 ; 
succ. as 5th Viscount Castleton, in Ireland, 

before Oct., 17 14 ; 
cr. Baron Saunderson of Saxby, Oct. 19, 17 14; 
cr. Viscount Castleton of Sandbeck, July 2, 

1716; 
cr. Earl Castleton of Sandbeck, June 18, 

1720; 

d. May 23, 1723. 



Arms — Paly of 6 argent & azure, on a bend sable, 3 annulets or. 

Crest — On a wreath, a talbot passant ermine. 

Supporters — Dexter, a talbot ermine. Sinister, a griffin gules, ducally gorged or. 

Motto— J e suis veillant a plaire. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



344 



CATHCART. 






CATHCART. 

CA THCART. 

1807. William Schaw Cathcart, son of Charles, Lord Cathcart : Earl 

Cathcart, Viscount Cathcart of Cathcart, & 
Baron Greenock ■ Baron Cathcart, in Scotland. 

B. 1755; 

succ. as 10th Baron Cathcart, in Scotland, 

Aug. 14, 1776; 
Lieutenant, 17th Regt. of Light Dragoons, 

Nov. 14, 1777 ; 
Captain, do., Dec. 10, 1777 ; 

Major, 38th Regt. of Foot, April 13, 1779; 
Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel, Coldstream Regt. 

of Foot Guards, Feb. 2, 1781 ; 
a Representative Peer of Scotland, 1790; 

1796 ; & 1802-1806 ; 
Colonel in the Army, Nov. 18, 1790 ; 
Colonel, 29th Regt. of Foot, Dec. 5, 1792 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Clackmannan, March 17, 

After J. Hoppner. * 794 '■> 

Major-General, Oct. 3, 1794; 

Vice Admiral of Scotland, Jan. 2, 1795 ; 

Colonel, 2nd Regt. of Life Guards, (& Gold 
Stick), Aug. 7, 1797 ; 

Privy Councillor, Sept. 28, 1798; 

Lieutenant-General, Jan. 1, 1801 ; 

Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in Ireland, 
Oct. 16, 1803-Oct. 30, 1805 ; 

Privy Councillor of Ireland, Nov. 8, 1803 ; 

K.T., Nov. 23, 1805 ; 

Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in Scotland, 
Feb. 25, 1806-Dec, 1814 ; 

Commander-in-Chief of the Army against Den- 
mark, June 9-Oct. 20, 1807 > 

cr. Baron Greenock, & Viscount Cathcart of 
Cathcart, Nov. 9, 1807 ; 




Earls. 



CATHCART. 



345 



General in the Army, Jan. i, 1812 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to St. Petersburg, July 17, 181 2; 

Knight, 4th Class, of St. George, of Russia, 
Sept. 30, 1 813; 

Knight of St. Anne, of Russia, Sept. 30, 1813; 

Knight of St. Andrew, of Russia, May 6, 1814; 

cr. Earl Cathcart, July 16, 18 14 ; 

Joint Minister Plenipotentiary to the Congress 
of Vienna, 1814-1S15J 

Governor of Hull, Jan. 18, 1830; 

m. Elizabeth Elliot, cousin of Gilbert, 1st Earl 
of Minto, April 10, 1779; 

d. June 16, 1843. 




1843. Charles Murray Cathcart, son of William Schaw : Earl & Vis- 
count Cathcart, & Baron Greenock ; Baron 
Cathcart, in Scotland. 

B. Dec. 21, 1783 ; 

st. Hon. Charles M. Cathcart, 1 783-1 814; 

Ensign, 71st (Highland) Regt. of Foot, May, 

1799 ; 

Lieutenant, 40th Regt. of Foot, Aug. 10, 1799; 
Cornet, & Sub-Lieutenant, 2nd Regt. of Life 

Guards, March 2, 1800; 
Captain, 6th West India Regt., Feb. 3, 1803 ; 
Captain, 39th Regt. of Foot, July 9, 1803 ■ 
Assistant Quarter- Master General, (Naples & 

Sicily), 1 806-1 807 ; 
Major in the Army, May 14, 1807 : 
Assistant Quarter- Master General of the Army, 

May 16, 1807 ; 



vol. 1. 



Y V 



Earls. 



346 



CATHCART. 



Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, Aug. 30, 18 10; 
Assistant Quarter- Master General, (Portugal & 

Spain), 1812-1813; 
st. Lord Greenock, 18 14-1843 ; 
received the Gold War Medal with 2 clasps, 

1814 j 
Assistant Quarter- Master General of the Army, 

July 28, 1814-June, 1823; 
Commandant at Brussels, 181 5 ; 
C.B., June 4, 181 5 ; 

Knight of St. Wladimir, of Russia, Aug. 21, 1815 ; 
Knight of Wilhelm of the Netherlands, Oct., 

1815; 
received the Medal for Waterloo, 181 6 ; 
Colonel in the Army, Aug. 12, 1819 ; 
Lieut.-Colonel, Royal Staff Corps, June 26,1823; 
Major- General, July 22, 1830; 
Governor of Edinburgh Castle, & Commander 

of the Forces in Scotland, Feb. 17, 1S37- 

April 1, 1842 ; 
K.C.B., Sept. 5, 1839 ; 
Lieutenant-General, Nov. 23, 1841 ; 
Colonel, nth ('Prince Albert's Own') Regt. of 

Hussars, Aug. 30, 1842 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl Cathcart, June 16, 1843 ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in Canada, 

June 15, 1845-May 11, 1847 ; 
Captain General, & Governor-in-Chief of Canada, 

& Governor General of British North 

America, March 10, 1846; 
Colonel, 3rd (' Prince of Wales's ') Regt. of 

Dragoon Guards, Nov. 19, 1847; 
Commander of the Northern District of England, 

March 1, 1849-Sept. 30, 1854; 
Colonel, 1st (King's) Regt. of Dragoon Guards, 

Jan. 9, 185 1 ; 
G.C.B., June 29, 185 1 : 
General in the Army, June 20, 1854; 

m. Henrietta, d. of Thomas Mather, Esq., Feb. 12, 

1819 j 

d. July 16, 1859. 



CATHCART. 



347 



1859. Alan Frederick Cathcart, son of Charles Murray: Earl Cath- 

cart, Viscount Cathcart of Cathcart, & Baron 
of Greenock ; Baron Cathcart, in Scotland. 

B. Nov. 15, 1828; 
st. Lord Greenock, 1843-1859 ; 
Second Lieutenant, 23rd (' Royal Welsh Fusi- 
lier') Regt. of Foot, May 30, 1845 > 
Adjutant, do., Aug. 25, 1S46 ; 

First Lieutenant, do., Dec. 17, 1848-Oct, 

1850; 

Aide-de-Camp to Lieut. -General, Earl Cathcart, 

Feb., 1849-Oct., 1850; 
Major, North York Regt. of Militia, March 24, 

1853-March 5, 1855 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, North Riding, co. York, 

i853; 
Chairman of Quarter Sessions, North Riding, 

co. York, 1858 ; 
suce. as 3rd Earl Cathcart, July 16, 1859 ; 
Lieut. -Colonel, 1st North Riding Batt. of Rifle 

Volunteers, July 7, i860 ; 
Hon. Colonel, do., Aug. 17, 1871 ; 

m. Elizabeth Alary, eldest d. 6° eo.-h. of Sir 
Samuel Crompton, Bart., April 2, 1S50. 



Earls. 



Arms — Azure, 3 cross crosslets fitchee, issuing out of as many crescents argent. 
Crest — A cubit arm erect proper, holding a crescent argent. 
Supporters — Two parrots, wings inverted, proper. 
Motto — I hope to speed. 



Y Y 2 



348 



CAWDOR. 



CAWDOR 



\. 



CAMPBELL. 



1796. John Campbell, son of Pryse Campbell, Esq. : Baron Cawdor of 

Castlemarten. 

B. about 1750 ; 

st. John Campbell, Esq., 1 768-1 796 ; 
M.P., Cardigan, 1780 ; 1784 ; & 1 790-1 796 ; 
Captain, Pembrokeshire Troops of Gentry & 

Yeomanry, Aug. 31, 1794; 
cr. Baron Cawdor of Castlemarten, June 21, 

1796 ; 
Colonel, Carmarthenshire Regt. of Militia, 

Oct. 4, 1798 ; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), June 25, 

!799 ; 
Captain, Pembrokeshire Regt. of Volunteers, 

Oct. 13, 1803 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 3, 1810 ; 
F.R.S., & F.S.A. ; 

vi. Lady Isabella Caroline Howard, eldest d. of 
Frederick, $th Earl of Carlisle, July 27, 
1789; 

d. June 1, 182 1. 



Arms— Quarterly of 4. I, Or, a stag's head caboshed sable, (Calder) ; 
2, Gironny of 8 or & sable, (Campbell); 3, Argent, a lymphad or ancient 
galley sable, (Campbell) ; 4, Gules, a cross or, (Lort). 

Crest — A swan proper. 

Supporters— Dexter, a lion gardant gules. Sinister, a stag proper. 

Motto — Be mindful. 



Baron. 

Earls. 



CA WDOR. 



349 



1821. John Frederick Campbell, son of John : Earl Cawdor, Viscount 

Emlyn of Emlyn, & Baron Cawdor of Castle- 
marten. 

B. Nov. 8, 1790 ; 

st. Hon. John E. Campbell, 1 796-1 821 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, March 12, 1812 ; 

M.P., Carmarthen, 18x3 ; & 181 8-182 1 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Cawdor, June 1,1 821 ; 

cr. Viscount Emlyn of Emlyn, & Earl Cawdor, 

Oct. 5, 1827 ; 
Bearer of the Queen's Ivory Rod with the Dove, 

Coron. of King William IV., Sept. 8, 1831; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 15, 1S41 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Carmarthen, May 15, 1852; 
a Family Trustee of the British Museum ; 

m. Lady Elizabeth Thyiuie, eldest d. of Thomas, 
2nd Marquis of Bath , Sept. 5, 181 6; 

d. Nov. 7, i860. 



Eakls. 



i860. John Frederick Vaughan Campbell, son of John Frederick : Earl 

Cawdor, Viscount Emlyn of Emlyn, & Baron 
Cawdor of Castlemarten. 

B. July 11, 1817 ; 

st. Viscount Emlyn, 1827-1860 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, March 29, 1838 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Carmarthen, Jan. 28, 

1841 ; 

M.P., co. Pembroke, 1841; 1847; 1852; & 

1857-1860 ; 
Private Secretary to the Lord Privy Seal, 1841- 

1842 ; 

Pre'cis-Writer to the Earl of Aberdeen, (Foreign 
Office), 1842 ■ 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Nairn, June 12, 1852 ; 

Captain, 1st Batt. of Carmarthen Rifle Volun- 
teers, Feb. 28, 1860-May 14, 1861 ; 



35° 



CA WDOR. 



succ. as 2nd Farl Cawdor, Nov. 7, i860 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Carmarthen, April 30, 1861 ; 
Hon. Colonel, Carmarthen Adm. Batt. of Rifle 

Volunteers, June 9, 1870-Feb. n, 1875 ; 

m. Sarah Mary, 2nd d. of Col. Hon. Henry 
Compton Cavendish, June 28, 1842. 



Earl. 



CHANDOS. 



35 1 



CHANDOS. 



BRYDGES. 



1554. John Brydges, son of Sir Giles Brydges, Knight: Baron Chandos 

of Sudeley. 

B. after Aug. 2, 1492 • 

Knight, (by King Henry VIII.), 15 13 ; 

Captain in the English Army, (France), 
[Jan. 15], 1 5 14; 

Knight of the Body to King Henry VIII. ; 

a Commissioner for a Subsidy in co. Glou- 
cester, Aug. 1, 1524; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Gloucester, Dec. 6, 
1528; 

M.P., co. Gloucester, 1529-1536; 

Keeper of Langley Manor & Park, June 10, 

1536; 
Ranger of Wichwood Forest, June 10, 1536; 
Constable of Sudeley Castle, & Keeper of the 

Park, March 20, 1538; 
Sheriff, co. Worcester, 1538 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant of Boulogne & the Marches, 

Sept. 2, 1547 ; 
Lieutenant of the Tower of London, Aug., 

J 553-J une > J 554 J 
cr. Baron Chandos of Sudeley, April 8, 1554; 

Chief Special Commissioner to inquire into 

felonies in co. Gloucester, May 2, 1554; 

m. Elizabet/i, d. of Ed/nund, 10th Lord Grey of 
Wilton j (d. Dec. 29, 1559); 

d. April 12, 1556. 



Barons, 
Dukes. 



MS. Faust, 
E. vii. 



Pat. 2, d. 
Pat. 1, d. 



Pat. 3. 



Pat. 5. 



Pat. 4- 



Pat. 1, d. 



35- 



CHAN DOS. 



1557. Edmund Brydges, son of John : Baron Chandos of Sudeley. 

B. before 1522 ; 

Esquire of the Body to King Henry VIII., 

[iS42]; 

Joint Constable of Sudeley Castle, Oct. 15, 1542; 

Knight Banneret, (by Duke of Somerset), 
Sept. 27, 1547; 

M.P., co. Gloucester, Sept-Dec, 1553; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Chandos of Sudeley, 
April 12, 1556; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Gloucester, May 10, 1559; 

Vice Admiral, co. Gloucester, [1561] ; 

Chief Steward of the Manor of Hailes; 

Master of Braydon Forest, June 4, 1563 ; 

High Steward & Keeper of the Manor & Hun- 
dred of Slaughter, co. Gloucester, Oct. 25, 

1567; 

Chief Commissioner of Musters in co. Glou- 
cester, [July 22], 1569 ; 

K.G., June 17, 1572 ; 

111. Dorothy, $th d. 6- co-h. of Edmund, 1st 

Lord Bray ; 

d. Sept. ii, 1572. 



Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, 
Argent, on a cross sable, 
a leopard's face or, 
(Brydges) ; 2, Or, a pile 
gules, (Chandos) ; 3, Ar- 
gent, a fess between 3 mart- 
lets sable, (Barkley, of 
Coverton). 




LlAKON. 



Pat. 9. 
Pat. 9. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 

Returns, 22. 



Dom. xii. 7. 
Dom. xviii. 
24. 

Pat. 2. 



Pat. 4, m. 2. 



Dom. liv. 15. 



CHAN DOS. 



353 



1572. Giles 




After a portrait : 15 



Brydges, son of Edmund : Baron Chandos of Sudeley. 

B. 1547 ; 

st. Giles Brydges,. Esq., 1 565-1572 ; 

M.P., Cricklade, 1571 ; 

M.P., co. Gloucester, 1572 ; 

slice, as 3rd Baron Chandos of Sudeley, 
Sept. 11, 1572 ; 

High Steward of the Hundreds of Kyttesgate 
Holford, &: Gretton, the Manor & Hun- 
dred of Slaughter, the Manor of Hailes, & 
Keeper of Braydon Forest, June 19, 1573 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. & city of Gloucester, 
Nov. 17, 1586 ; 

Councillor, of Wales, Dec. 16, 1590; 

Member of Gray's Inn, Feb. 2, 1592; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Gloucester & Wilts ; 

m. Lady Frances Clinton, ^th d. of Edward, 1st 
Earl of Lincoln, (2); 

d. Feb. 21, 1594. 





1594. William Brydges I., brother of Giles : Baron Chandos of Sudeley. 

B. after 1547 ; 

st. William Brydges, Esq., [1585]; 

M.P., co. Gloucester, 1585, & 1586-1587 ; 

Captain, Gloucestershire Trained Foot, 1588 ; 

succ as 4th Baron Chandos of Sudeley, 

Feb. 21, 1594; 
Councillor, of Wales, May, 1594 ; 
Lieutenant & Keeper of Braydon Forest ; 

;//. Mary, d. of Sir Owen Hofton, Knt. ; 

d. Nov. 18, 1602. 
voi,. 1. z z 



Bakons. 



Willis, iii. 



Pat. 5, m. 8. 



Pat. 17. 

S. P. Dom. 
cexxxiv. 

MS. Had. 
1912. 



Willis 


iii. 


Murd 


n > 596 


Cecil, 


804. 


Grant Bk. 


109. f. 


300. 



354 



C HAND OS. 



160: 



Grf.y Brydges, son of William I. : Baron Chandos of Sudeley. 

B. before 1583. 

succ. as 5th Baron Chandos of Sudeley, Nov. 18, 

1602 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Gloucester & Wilts ; 

1603 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Jan. 5, 1605 ; 

M.zV. of Oxford, Aug. 30, 1605 ; 

Keeper of Ditton House & Park, co. Bucks, 

July 2, 1609; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Gloucester, Dec. 23, 1613; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Gloucester, March, 1614; 
Member of the Council of Wales, [1617] ; 

m. Lady Anne Stanley, eldest d. of Ferdinand, 
$th Earl of Derby, before Sept. 1, 1608; 

d. Aug. 10, 1 62 1. 



1621. 



George Brydges, son of Grey : Baron Chandos of Sudeley. 

B. Aug. 9, 1620 ; 

succ. as 6th Baron Chandos of Sudeley, Aug. 10, 

1621 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Gloucester, (on nomination 

of Parlt), Feb. 28, 1642 ; 
Captain of a Troop of Horse, (Royal Army), 

[Nov. 26], 1642 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Royal Army), 

Nov. 29, 1642 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Dragoons, (do.), 

Dec. 17, 1642 ; 
declined Earldom of Newbury, (' till better 

times ') ; 

?n. (1) Lady Susan Montagu, 3rd d. of Henry, 
1st Earl of Manchester, (3) ; 

m. (2) Lady jfane Savage, d. of John, Earl of 
Elvers ; 

d Feb., 1655. 



Barons. 



Walkley, 
125. 



Pat. 37. 
Pat. 22. 
Pat. 11. A 



Journ. C. 1. 
459- 

Warb. ii. 69. 
MS. i8,g8o 
Ibid. 



CHANDOS. 



!5S 



1655. William Brydges II., brother of George : Baron Chandos of 

Sudeley. 



B. before Aug. 10, 162 r : 

succ. as 7th Baron Chandos of Sudeley, Feb., 

1655 ; 

comes in my simple Lord Justice of the Peace, co. Middlesex, 1661 ; 

Chandois, . . . who began , . _ _ 

;;/. Susan, a. o° co-n. of Gerrat Kerr, Esq., of 

London ; 

d. Feb., 1677. 



Dec. 21, 1662. — 'By & by 



to sing psalms, but so dully 
that I was weary of it.'-- 
S. Pepys, Diary, p. 131. 



1677. James Brvdges I., cousin of William II. : Baron Chandos of 

Sudeley, & a Baronet. 

B. Sept., 1642 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baronet, Feb., 165 1 ; 

succ. as 8th Baron Chandos of Sudeley, Feb., 

1677; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Constantinople, 

Feb., 1681-1685; 

m. Elizabeth, d. 6° co-h. of Sir Henry Bernard, 
Knt. 1 

d. Oct. 16, 1 7 14. 




1714. 



James Brydges II. son of James I. : Duke of Chandos, Marquis & 

Earl of Carnarvon, Viscount Wilton, Baron 
Chandos of Sudeley, & a Baronet. 

B. Jan. 6, 1673 ; 

st. Hon. James Brydges, Esq., 1677-1714; 

M.P., Hereford, 1698; 1701 ; 



1701 



170: 



1705 ; 1708 ; 1710 ; & 1713-1714; 
Councillor to the Lord High Admiral, March 29, 

z z 2 



Barons, 
Duke. 



Comm. Bk. 
5- 



35*5 



CHANDOS. 




After M. Dahl. 



Paymaster- General of the Forces abroad, 

May 5, 1705-1713 ; 
cr. Viscount Wilton, & Earl of Carnarvon, 

Oct. 19, 1 7 14 ; 
Joint (Reversionary) Clerk of the Hanaper, in 

Chancery, Nov., 17 14; 
cr. Marquis of Carnarvon, & Duke of Chandos, 

April 30, 1719; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, April 3, 1 7 2 1 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hereford, Aug. 25, 1721 • 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Radnor, Aug. 25, 1721 ; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 11, 1721 ; 
Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews ; 
Ranger of Enfield Chase, March, 1729 ; 
Governor of the Turkey Company ; 
a Governor of the Foundling Hospital, Aug. 7, 

1739; 
;;/. (1) Mary, only d. of Sir Thomas Lake, Knt., 

of Canons, co. Middlesex, Feb. 27, 1697 ; 
m. (2) Hon. Cassandra Willoughby, sister of 

Thomas, Lord Middteton ; 
m. (3) Lydia Catherine Van flatten, widow of 

Sir Thomas Davall, Knt., April, 1736 ; 

d. Aug. 9, 1744. 




<L 




1 Had parts of understanding 
& knowledge, & experience 
of men & business, with a 
sedateness of mind & a gra- 
vity of deportment, which 
more qualified him for a wise 
man than what the wisest 
men have generally been 
possessed with. ... A man 
of more true goodness of 
nature or gentleness of man- 
ners never lived.' — Speaker 
Onslow, in Burnet, Own 
Time, VI., p. 47. 



Arms— Argent, on a cross sable, a leopard's head or. 

Crest — On a wreath, the bust of an old man in profile proper, wreathed about the 

temples argent & azure, vested paly, argent & gules, each semee of roundles 

counterchanged. 
Supporters — Two beavers argent, tusked or. 
Motto — Maintien le droit. 



Duke. 



Warr. Bk. 
21. 



CHANDOS. 



357 



1744. Henry Brydges, 6th son of James II. (1) : Duke of Chandos, Mar- 
quis & Earl of Carnarvon, Viscount Wilton, 
Baron Chandos of Sudeley, &: a Baronet. 

B. 1708; 

st. Hon. Henry Brydges, 1714-1719 ; 

st. Lord Henry Brydges, 17 19-1727 ; 

st. Marquis of Carnarvon, 1727-1744; 

M.P., Hereford, 1727-1734 ; 

First Lord of the Bedchamber to Frederick, 

Prince of Wales, Dec, 1728; 
K.B., Jan. 12, 1732 ; 
M.P., Steyning, 1 734-1 741 ; 
Master of the Horse to Frederick, Prince of 

Wales, Oct., 1735 ; 
M.P., Bishop's Castle, 1 741-1744 ; 
Groom of the Stole to Frederick, Prince of 

Wales, Oct., 1742-March, 1 75 1 ; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Chandos, Aug. 9, 1744; 
Clerk of the Hanaper Office, in Chancery ; 
Ranger of Enfield Chase ; 
High Steward of Winchester, Sept., 1754 ; 

m. ( 1 ) Mary, d. of Charles, Lord Bruce, Dec. 21, 

1728; 
m. (2) Anne, d. of John Wells, Gent., 1744; 
m. (3) Elizabeth, d. of Sir jfohn Major, Bart., 

1767; 

d. Nov. 28, 1771. 




Duke. 



358 



CHANDOS. 



177L James Brydges III., son of Henry (1) : Duke of Chandos, Marquis 

& Earl of Carnarvon, Viscount Wilton, Baron 
Chandos of Sudeley, & a Baronet. 

B. Dec. 27, 1731 ; 

st. Marquis of Carnarvon, 1744-1771 ; 

educ. Cambridge ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Oct. 1, 1755 ; 

M.P., Winchester, 1757-1761 ; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

Nov. 25, 1760-Aug., 1764; 
M.P., co. Radnor, 1761-1768 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, 

Hants, June 1, 1763-Aug., 1764 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, 

Hants, (swn.), Jan. 23, i77i-Feb., 1780 ; 
succ. as 3rd Duke of Chandos, Nov. 28, 1771; 
High Steward of Winchester ; 
Ranger of Enfield Chase ; 
Colonel, North Hants Regt. of Militia, April 30, 

1774,- 
Privy Councillor, May 12, 1775 ) 
Lord Steward of the Household, Dec. 26, 1783; 

;;/. (1) Margaret, d. & h. of John Nicholls, Esq., 

of Hendon, March 22, 1753 ; 
m. (2) Anna Eliza, d. of Richard Gamon, Esq., 

1777 ; 

d. Sept. 29, 1789. 



Duke. 



CO. 



CO. 




+ 



+ 



+ 



G RENVILLE. 
see title Buckingham. 



CHATHAM. 



359 



CHATHAM. 

PITT. 

1 76 1. Hester Pitt, wife of Right Hon. William Pitt : Baroness Chatham 

of Chatham. 

cr. Baroness Chatham of Chatham, Dec. 4, 

1761 ; 

d. April 3, 1803. 



1766. William Pitt, son of Robert Pitt, Esq., of Boconnock : Earl of 

Chatham, & Viscount Pitt of Burton-Pynsent. 

B. Nov. 15, 170S ; 

educ. Eton, & Trinity Coll., Oxford ; 

Cornet, 1st ('King's Own') Regt. of Horse, 

Feb. 9, i73i~ I 735; . 
M.P., Old Sarum, 1735 '> & 1741—1747 ; 
Groom of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince 

of Wales, 1 737-1 745 ; 
Joint Vice Treasurer of Ireland, Receiver, 

Paymaster-General, & Treasurer of War, 

Feb. 22, 1746 ; 
Paymaster-General of the Forces, May 28, 

1746-Nov. 22, 1755 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 28, 1746 ; 
M.P., Seaford, 1747-1754; 
M.P., Aldborough, 1754-1756; 
M.P., Oakhampton, 1756-175 7 ; 
Secretary of State for the Southern Department, 

Dec. 4, 1756-April 6, 1757 ; 
M.P., Bath, 1757 ; & 1761-1766 ; 
Secretary of State for the Southern Department, 

June 29, 1757-Oct. 5, 1761 j 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, July 30, 1766- 




Brompton. 



' He was tall in his person, & 



as genteel as a martyr to the 
gout could be ; with the eye 
of a hawk, a little head, 
thin face, long aquiline nose, 
& perfectly erect. He was 
very well bred, & preserved 



Feb. 2, 1768 ; 



Baroness, 
Earls. 



Comm. Bk 



360 



CHATHAM. 



cr. Viscount Pitt of Burton- Pynsent, & Earl of 

Chatham, Aug. 4, 1766 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, March 21- 

Oct., 1768 ; 
Freeman of London, Dublin, Bath, Chester, 

Norwich, Exeter, Newcastle on Tyne, 

Worcester, Great Yarmouth, Bedford, & 

Stirling; 

in. Hester, only d. of Richard Grenville, Esq., 
Oct. 16, 1754; cr. Baroness Chatham, 
Dec. 4, 1 761 j 

d. May 11, 1778. 



all the manners of the vieille 
co/tr.' — Lord Shelburne, 
in Life, I., p. 77. 

' His action ' was ' most ex- 
pressive, his figure genteel 
& commanding.'- Horace 
Walpole, Mem. George II., 
1., p. 93. 

' His imposing air & person.' — 
Horace Walpole, Last 
fount., II., p. 560. 

' He has an eye as significant 
as his words.' — LordWal- 
DEGRAVE, Memoirs, p. 15. 

' He had manners & address. 
. . . His invectives were 
.... uttered with such 
energy & stern dignity of 
action & countenance, that 
he intimidated those who 
were the most willing & 
the best able to encounter 
him.' — Lord Chester- 
field, Letters, II., p. 468. 



1778. John Pitt, son of William : Earl of Chatham, Viscount Pitt of 

Burton-Pynsent, & Baron Chatham of Chatham. 

B. Sept. 10, 1756 ; 
st. Viscount Pitt, 1 766-1 778 ; 
Ensign, 47th Regt. of Foot, March 14, 1774 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to General Carleton, (Canada), 
[1775]; 




May 11, 1778; 



succ. as 2nd Earl of Chatham, 
Lieutenant, 39th Regt. of Foot, June 20, 1778; 
Captain, 86th Regt. of Foot, Sept. 30, 1779; 
Captain-Lieutenant, & Lieutenant-Colonel, 3rd 

Regt. of Foot Guards, Dec. 18, 1782 ; 
First Lord of the Admiralty, July 16, 1788- 

Dec. 17, 1794; 
Privy Councillor, April 3, 1789 ; 
K.G., Dec. 15, 1790 ; 
an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 1792 ; 



Earls. 



CHATHAM. 



361 



' Strongly resembles his father 
in face & person. . . . 
Rising above the ordinary- 
height, thin, & elegant in 
his formation, Lord Chat- 
ham's air & address an- 
nounce a person of rank ; 
but his manners seem to 
prohibit all familiarity, & 
almost to forbid approach.' 
— Sir N. W. Wraxall, 
Post. Mem., III., p. 129. 



Colonel in the Army, Oct. 12, 1793 > 

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Dec. 17, 1794; 

Major-General, Feb. 26, 1795 ; 

Lord President of the Council, Sept. 21, 1796- 
July, 1801; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, Aug. 14, 1799; 

Colonel, 4th (' King's Own ') Regt. of Foot, 
Dec. 5, 1799 ; 

Master General of the Ordnance, June 27, 
iSoi-Feb. 8, 1S06 ; 

Lieutenant-General, May ir, 1802 ; 

succ. (Jure matris), as Baron Chatham of Chat- 
ham, April 3, 1803 ; 

Governor of Plymouth, March 30, 1805 ; 

Master General of the Ordnance, March 31, 
1807-April, 18 10 ; 

Governor of Jersey, Sept. 22, 1807 ; 

General in the Army, Jan. 1, 181 2 ; 

Governor & Commander-in-Chief of Gibraltar, 
Jan. 29, 1820 ; 

High Steward of Colchester ; 

m. Hon. Mary Elizabeth Townshend, 2nd d. of 
Thomas, Viscount Sydney, July 9, 1783; 

d. Sept. 24, 1835. 



Arms — Sable, a fess chequy argent & azure, between 3 bezants. 

Crest — A stork proper, resting the right foot on an anchor or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion gardant proper, charged on the breast with a slip of 
oak fructed vert. Sinister, a stag proper attired or, plain collared, & chain 
reflexed over the back sable. 

Motto— Benigno numine. 

Liveries— White & blue. 



vol. 1. 



+ 



3 a 



+ 



Earl. 



362 



CHESTER. 



CHESTER. 

[1069]. Gherbod of Flanders, a follower of King William I. : Earl of 

Chester. 

High Steward of the Abbey of St. Berlin ; 
cr. Earl of Chester, before 1069 ; 
a prisoner in Flanders, [1070]; 
deprived of the Earldom, 1070. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



1070. Hugh d'Avranches, nephew of King William I. : Earl of Chester ; 

& Baron of St. Sever, in Normandy. 

B. after 1045 ; 

Knight ; 

Hereditary Viscount of Avranches, in Nor- 
mandy ; 

Councillor to the Duke of Normandy, [1065] ; 

Castellan of Vire, & Viscount of the Vau de 
Vire ; 

Founder of the Abbey of St. Sever ; 

Commander in King William's Army, (England), 
1067 ; 

Lord of Whitby, about 1067 ; 

Lord of Tutbury, [io69]-io7o; 

cr. Earl of Chester, 1070 ; 

Castellan of St. Jacques de Beuvron, in Nor- 
mandy ; 

Lord of St. Jacques de Beuvron, after 1100 ; 

Founder of St. Werburgh's Abbey, Chester ; 

called Hugh ' the Fat ' ; 

Councillor to King Henry I., 1100; 

m. Ermentrude ) d. of Hugh, Count of Clermont ; 

d. July 27, 1 101. 



' Ventris ingluvic-i nimis scr- 
viebat, unde nimis crassitiei 
pondere pergravatus, vix ire 
poterat.'-ORDERicus Vi- 
TALis, lib. iv. c. 7. 



Earls. 



Orderic.l. iv. 
c. 7. 
Ibid. 

Ibid. 



GuI. Pictav. 
I9S. 



W. Gemmet. 
1. vii. c. 22. 



Monasti- 
con, i. 409. 

Orderic. l.iv. 
c. 7. 



W. Gemmet. 
1. viii. c. 4. 

Ibid. 

Orderic. 1. 
viii. c. 3. 
An. Cambr. 

3 2 - 

Orderic. 1. x. 
c. 15. 



CHESTER. 363 


IIOI. 


Richard, son of Hugh : Earl of Chester ; Baron of St. Sever, & 

St. Jacques de Beuvron, in Normandy. 

B. about 10S9 ; 


Earls. 


1101. — ' Pulchenimus puer succ. (defure), as 2nd Ear] of Chester, July 27, 
.... amabilis omnibus.' — . 
Ordericus, 1. x. c. iS. ', 

invested with the Earldom, about 1107 ; 


Orderic. 1. x. 
c. 18. 




Hereditary Viscount of Avranches ; 






Hereditary Viscount of the Vau de Vire ; 






Knight ; 




1 1 19. • 


— 'Juvenis adb.ua' — VL Matilda of Blots, niece of King Henry I. ; 




Ibid. 


> *■ 1V - c - 7- drowned in the White Ship, Nov. 27, 11 19. 
+ + + 




11 19. 


Ranulf ' de Briquesart,' nephew of Hugh d' Avranches : Earl of 

Chester, & Earl Palatine ; Baron of St. Sever, 
in Normandy. 

B. before 1066 ; 

st. Ranulf ' le Meschin ' ; 

Knight, [1106] ; 

Hereditary Viscount of Baveux ; 






st. Ranulf de Bayeux, [1106] ; 
Commander of the First Division of the Royal 


Orderic. 
1. xi. c. 20. 




Army, (Tinchebraye), Sept. 28, 1106 ; 


Ibid. 




cr. Lord of Carlisle & Cumberland, (by 
King Henry I.), before n 19 ; 


Testa de 
Nevill, 379. 




st. Ranulf 'de Bricasard,' [1119], 


Orderic. 
1. xii. c. 14. 




cr. Earl of Chester, & Earl Palatine, (in ex- 






change), Dec, 1119, or 1120; 






Viscount of Avranches ; 






Castellan of Evreux, 1 1 23-1 1 24 ; 


Orderic. 
1. xii. c. 37. 




Commander of Royal Forces, in Normandy, 






1124 ; 


Ibid. c. 39. 




Founder of Wetheral Abbey ; 






Founder of Calder Abbey ; 






vi. Lucy, d. of Ivo de Taillebois, widow of Roger 






Fitz-Gerold de Ron mare ; 






d. 1 128 or 1 129. 






3A2 





3^4 



CHESTER. 



1 129. 



Ranulf 'des Gernons,' son of Ranulf I. : Earl of Chester, & Earl 

Palatine, Lord of the Honour of Eye ; Count 
of the Avranchin, & Baron of St. Sever, in Nor- 
mandy. 

B. before n 09 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Chester, 1129 ; 

Hereditary Viscount of Avranches, St. Jacques 

de Beuvron, & Bayeux ; 
Witness to King Stephen's 2nd Charter of 

Liberties, 1136; 
Knight, [1141]; 

Constable of Lincoln Castle, &: co. Lincoln ; 
cr. Count of the Avranchin, (by Henry, 

Duke of Normandy), 1152 or 1153 ; 
Founder of Radmore Priory ; 
Founder of Trentham Priory ; 

m. Matilde, d. of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, 

["41] ; 

d. Dec. 16, 1 153. 



Earls. 



1 141 . — ' Audacissimus. ' — Or- 
dericus, 1. xiii. c. 43. 

1 141. — ' Consul Cestrensis, vir 
bellicosus, & armis insigni- 
bus coruscans.' — Hen. 

HUNTINGDONIENSIS, Hist., 

1. viii. 



' Vir in rebus bellicis strenuus.' 

— WlLLELMUS GEMMETI- 

cencis, 1. viii., c. 38. 



1 153. Hugh ' de Kyvelioc,' son of Ranulf II. : Earl of Chester, & Earl 

Palatine ; Baron of St. Sever, in Normandy. 

B. before 1150 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Chester, Dec. 16, 1153 ; 

Hereditary Viscount of Avranches, St. Jacques 
de Beuvron, & Bayeux ; 

Knight ; 

deprived & imprisoned, 1174; 

restored to the Earldom, Jan., 1 1 77 ; 

Assessor in the King's Court, (to arbitrate be- 
tween the Kings of Castille & Navarre), 
March, n 77 ; 

Lieutenant in Ireland, May, 1 1 7 7 ; 

Seneschal of St. Jacques de Beuvron & Avran- 
ches, [1180]; 

w. Bcr trade, d. of Simon de Montfort, 2nd Count 
of Evrcux ; 

d. 11S1. 



R. Hagust. 

Foed. i. 16. 
Ibid. 



Ben. Abb. 
i- 35- 



Ben. Abb. 
i- 154- 
Ibid. 161. 



Mag. R. 

Scacc.Norm. 
m. 3, d. 



CHESTER. 



065 



11S1. 



' Scutum daz. garbe dor.' 



Ranulf ' de Blondeville,' son of Hugh : Earl of Chester, Rich- 
mond. & Lincoln, & Earl Palatine, Lord of 
Bolingbroke ; Baron of St. Sever, in Normandy. 

B. before 1172 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Chester, 1181 ; 

Hereditary Viscount of Avranches, St. Jacques 
de Beuvron, & Bayeux ; 

Knight, (by King Henry II.), 1188 ; 

st. Duke of Bretagne, 11 88-1 199 ; 

Earl of Richmond, {jure uxoris), 1 1SS-1 1 99 ; 

Judge in the King's Court, [1193] ; 

Commander of Forces for King Richard L, 1 194; 

Bearer of the Sword ' Curtana,' 2nd Coron. of 
King Richard I., April 17, 1194 ; 

Constable of the Castle of Sermilly, (Normandy), 
1201-1204 ; 

Constable of the Tower of Avranches, (Nor- 
mandy), May 31, 1203 ; 

Warden of the Castle of Newcastle-under-Lyme, 
May 20, 1 2 14 ; 

took the Cross, March 4, 1215 ; 

Warden of the Peak Castle & Forest, Aug. 13, 
1215; 

Sheriff, co. Lancaster, Jan. 30, 1216-1224; 

Sheriff, cos. Stafford & Salop, Apr., 1216-1224; 

Steward of the Town & Honour of Lancaster, 




From MS. Cott. Nero, D. i. 



April 13, 1216-Nov. 30, 1223 ; 



April, 



1217 



Joint Commander of the Royal Army, 

1217; 
cr. Earl of Lincoln, May 23, 12 17 ; 
Governor of Mount Sorel Castle, May, 
Crusader, May, 1218-July, 1220 ; 
Constable of Fotheringay Castle, [1221-1222]; 
Steward of the Honour of Leicester, [May 7, 

1222]; 
Privy Councillor, [May 17, 1222]; 
Chief Commander of Royal Troops, (Bretagne, 

Anjou, & Normandy), Oct. 1230-July, 

1231 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 

June, 1 23 1 j 



Earl. 



Bromton, 
1 149. 



Hoveden, 
iii. 237. 

Ibid. 248. 



R. pat. m. 
10. 



R. pat. m. 1. 



R. pat. 

m. 17. 

R. pat. m. 9. 

Ibid. m. 4. 



Wend. iv. 



An. Dunst. 

54- 

Wend, iv.67. 

R. Claus. 
m. u. 

Ibid. m. 10. 



Wend. iv. 
217. 



3 66 



CHESTER. 



■at. (i) Constance, DucJicss of Bret ague, 1187; 

{divorced, 11 99) ; 
m. (2) Clemence, d. of William de Feugieres, widow 

of Alan de Dinant, (about) 1200 ; 

d. Oct. 28, 1232. 



+ 



1232. John 'le Scot,' nephew of Ranulf : Earl of Chester & Earl Palatine, 

Earl of Cambridge & Huntingdon. 



Earls. 



'Scut. aur. tres pali' gul. 




B. about 1207 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Huntingdon & Cambridge, 

June 17, 1219; 
Knight, (by Alexander III., King of Scotland), 

May 30, 1227 ; 
succ. as Earl of Chester, (fureniatris), Oct. 28, 



12^2 



5* > 



From MS. Cott. Nero, D. i. 



cr. Earl of Chester, (about) Nov. n, 1232 ; 
Warden of all the Forests of the Honour of 

Huntingdon, Dec. 7, 1233; 
Bearer of the Sword ' Curtana,' Coron. of Queen 

Eleanor, Jan. 20, 1236 ; 
took the Cross, (about) June 8, 1236; 

in. Helen, d. of Llewellyn, Prince of Wales ; 

d. June 7, 1237. 



+ 



+ 



PLANT A GENET. 



1254. Edward 'of Winchester,' eldest son of King Henry III. : Earl of 

Chester, Lord of Ireland, Guienne, Gascony, 
the Channel Islands, Bristol, Stamford, & 
Grantham. 

B. June 17, 1239; 

Lord & Guardian of Gascony, May, 1252 ; 
cr. Lord of the Channel Islands, Feb. 14, 1254 ; 
reed, the Earldom of Chester, Feb. 14, 1254; 
Knight, (by Alfonso X., King of Castille), 1255; 



Chr. Mail- 
ros, 141. 



An. Theo- 
kesb. i. 87. 

Charter. 



M. Paris, iii. 

337- 
Ibid. 369. 



An. Dunst. 
iii. 184. 



CHESTER. 



367 



' Erat aspectu pulcher, magna; 
statural & elegantis formse, 
ab humeris enim & supra in 
populo eminebat.' — Walt. 
deHemingburgh, C/iren., 
II., p. 1. 

' Magnre statural, & audacia? & 
fortitudinis.' — Opus Chroni- 
corum, p. 26. 



Arms — 'Goules, trois lupards 
dor, ovecque ung labell 
dazur.' — Roll, temp. Hen. 
III. 



Constable of Orford Castle, June 17, 1262 ; 

Chief Captain in the Marches of Wales, 
March [23], 1263 ; 

Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, & Warden of 
the Forest of Dean ; 

Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 
Cinque Ports, Nov. 20, 1265-Dec. 5, 1267; 

Sheriff, cos. Buckingham & Bedford, 1266- 
1272 ; 

took the Cross, June 24, 1268 ; 

Constable of Nottingham Castle, Sept. 21, 1268; 

Justice of ' Oyer & Terminer ' in cos. Salop, Staf- 
ford, Worcester, & Hereford, May 20, 1269; 

Crusader, May, 1271-1273; 

Warden of the City of Rochester, April 10, 
1272 ; 

in. Eleanor, sister of Alfonso X., King of Cast Hie, 

I2 55; 
succ. to the Crown, as King Edward I., 



Nov. 20, 1272. 



+ 



+ 



DE MONTFORT. 

1264. Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester : Earl of Chester. 

took the Earldom of Chester, 1264 ; 

see title Leicester. 



+ 



PLANT AGENET. 



+ 



[1284]. Alfonse, 3rd son of King Edward I. (1) : Earl of Chester. 

B. Nov. 24, 1273 ; 

st. Earl of Chester, [1284] ; 

d. Aug. 19, 1284. 



Earls. 
R. pat. m. 9. 

R. pat. m. 
16, d. 



R. 


pat. 


m. 


43- 






An 


. de Os- 


neia. 216. 


R. 


pat. 


m. 5 


R. 


pat. 


m. 


14. 






R. 


pat. 


m. 


IS 







MS. Roy. 
14 C. 1 



?68 



CHESTER. 



1302. Edward of Carnarvon, brother of Alfonse : Earl of Chester, 

Ponthieu, & Montreuil ; Prince of Wales, & 
Duke of Aquitaine. 

B. April 25, 1284 ; 

First Commissioner for Armament of the King- 
dom, Feb. 5, 1292 ; 

Lieutenant of England, Aug. 27, I297-March2i, 
1298 ; 

Commander of the 4th Division of the English 
Army, (Scotland), July 1, 1300 ; 

cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, 
Feb. 7, 1302 ; 

surara. to Parlt. as Earl of Chester, June 2, 
1302 ; 

cr. Earl of Ponthieu & Montreuil ; 

Procurator for his father, to do homage to the 
King of France, Sept. 27, 1304; 

Knight, (by King Edward I.). 

cr. Duke of Aquitaine, May. 




May 22, 1306 ; 



'1 M 



06 ; 



From his seal, (1305) 



'Vir corpore elegans, viribus 
praestans.'— H. Knyghton, 
2530- 



succ. to the Crown, as King Edward II., 
July 8, 1307. 



1300. — ' De corps fu beaus & aligniez, 
De cuer courtois & ensiegniez. 

Si chevauchoit merveilles bel.' 

La Siege de Carlaverock, p. 42. 



Earl. 




' Et portoit o un bleu labell 
Les armes le bon roy son pere.' 

La Siege de Carlaverock, p. 42. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 7. 



R. Carlav. 



R. pat. m. 4. 



Murimuth, 
p. 7. 



From his seal, (1305). 



CHESTER. 



369 



1320. Edward 'of Windsor/ son of King Edward II. : Earl of Chester, 

Ponthieu, & Montreuil, & Duke of Aquitaine. 

B. Nov. 13, 1312 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Earl of Chester, Aug. 5, 

1320 ; 
cr. Earl of Ponthieu & Montreuil, Sept. 2, 

i3 2 5 ; 
cr. Duke of Aquitaine, Sept. 10, 1325 ; 

Guardian of England, Oct. 26, 1326; 

succ to the Crown, as King Edward III., 

Jan. 25, 1327. 



1333. Edward 'of Woodstock,' eldest son of King Edward III. : Earl of 

Chester. 



Arms — ' Les amies dangleterre 
a un bordure dazure. ' 

MS. Ashm. 15 (A). 



B. June 15, 1330; 

cr. Earl of Chester, May 18, 1333; 

cr. Duke of Cornwall, March 17, 1337 ; 

see title Cornwall. 



Eari.s. 



1376. Richard 'of Bordeaux,' 2nd son of Edward : Earl of Chester & 

Angoulesme. 

B. Jan. 6, 1367 ; 

cr. Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall, & 

Prince of Wales, Nov. 20, 1376 ; 
succ. to the Crown, as King Richard II., 

June 21, 1377 ; 
took the title of Prince of Chester, 1397. 



+ 



see titles Cornwall & Edinburgh. 



vol. 1. 



3 c 



37° 



CHESTERFIELD. 



CHESTERFIELD. 

STANHOPE. 

1628. Philip Stanhope L, son of Sir John Stanhope, Knt. : Earl of Chester- 
field, & Baron Stanhope of Shelford. 

B. 1584; 

Knight, (by King James I.), Dec. 16, 1605 ; 
cr. Baron Stanhope of Shelford, Nov. 7, 1616; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Derby & Nottingham; 
cr. Earl of Chesterfield, Aug. 4, 1628 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Dragoons, (Royal Army), 

Nov. 24, 1642; 
Governor of Lichfield, 1643 > 
imprisoned, 1643-1656 ; 

111. (1) Catharine, d. of Francis, Lord Hastings, 

1605 ; 
m. (2) Anne, d. of Sir John Packington, K.B. ; 

d. Sept. 12, 1656. 



Earls. 



MS. 18,980. 




TcrfferJcr'^y, 



Arms— Quarterly, ermine & gules. 

Crest — A tower azure, issuant therefrom a demi-lion rampant or, ducally crowned 
gules, & holding between the paws a bomb fired proper. 

Supporters — Dexter, a wolf ducally crowned or. Sinister, a talbot ermine. 

Motto— A Deo et rege. 



CHESTERFIELD. 



37* 



1656. Philip Stanhope II., grandson of Philip I. (1). : Earl of Chester- 
field, & Baron Stanhope of Shelford. 

B. 1633; 

st. Lord Stanhope, 1634-165 6 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Chesterfield, Sept. 12, 

1656; 
Assistant Lord Sewer, Coron. of King Charles 

II., April 23, 1661 ; 
Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, (Katharine of 

Braganza), Feb. 24, 1662-July, 1665 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, June 13, 1667 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 15, 1669 ; 
Councillor to the Queen, (Katharine of Braganza), 

1670 ; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests South of Trent, Dec. 2, 1679 ; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 26, 1681 ; 
Colonel, 3rd (or ' Holland ') Regt. of Foot, 

Nov. 6, i6S2-Jan. 6, 1685 ; 
Lord Sewer, Coron. of King James II., April 23, 

1685 ; 

* II avait le visage fort agreable, 

la tete assez belle, peu de nu (1) Lady Anne Percy, eldest d. of Algernon, 
taille, & moins rl'air. 5 — Ant. ,, U 7 r Ar ±> , , , 

Hamilton, Mem. de Gram- loth Earl of Northumberland ; 

mont, I., p. 228. m. (2) Lady Elizabeth Butler, d. of J 'antes, 

1st Duke of Ormond ; (d. July, 1665); 
///. (3) Lady Elizabeth Dormer, eldest d. of 

Charles - } 2nd Earl of Carnarvon • 



d. Jan. 28, 1 7 13. 



Philip Stanhope III., son of Philip II. (3) : Earl of Chesterfield, 

& Baron Stanhope of Shelford. 

B. after 1665 ; 

st. Lord Stanhope, [1671L-1713 j 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Chesterfield, Jan. 28, 

1713 ; 

;;/. Lady Elizabeth Saville, d. of George, Mar- 
quis of Halifax, Dec, 1 69 1 ; 

d. Jan. 27, 1726. 
T, b 2 



I7I3- 



Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, 
(Stanhope) ; 2 & 3 Azure, 
10 billets, 4, 3, 2, & I, or, 
on a chief of the second, 
a demi-lion issuant sable. 
(Dormer). 

Motto— Exitus acta probat. 



Earls. 



Walker, 124. 

Establ. Bk. 
98. 
Dcm. ccv. 

Angl. Not. 
Gaz. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 69. 



Sandford. 




After T. Gainsborough. 



1720. — 'Little Lord Stan- 
hope.' — Lady Cowper, 
Diary, p. 136. 

'Very short, disproportioned, 
thick, & clumsily made ; 
had a broad, rough-featured, 
ugly face, with black teeth, 
& a head big enough for a 
Polyphemus. ' — Lord H i:r- 
vey, Man., [., p. 96. 

' Like a stunted giant.' — Benj. 
Ashurst, Ibid. 

' His manner was exquisitely 
elegant.' — Dr. Johnson, in 
Boswell, Life, III., p. 105. 



anhope, son of Philip III. : Earl of Chesterfield, 
& Baron Stanhope of Shelford. 

B. Sept. 22, 1694 ; 

st. Lord Stanhope, 1713-1726; 

educ. Trinity Hall, Cambridge ; 

M.P., St. Germans, 17 15-1722 ; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to George, Prince of 
Wales, 17 15-17 23; 

M.P., Lostwithiel, 1722-1726; 

Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, May 26, 
1723-May, 1725 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Chesterfield, Jan. 27, 
1726 ; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 
July 24, 1727 ; 

Privy Councillor, Feb. 26, 1728; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to the Hague, April, i72S-Feb. 26, 

K.G., May 18, 1730 ; 

Lord Steward of the Household, June 19, 
1730-April 13, 1733 ; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Jan. 3, 1745- 
Oct. 29, 1746 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to the Hague, Jan. 12, 1745 ; 

a Lord Justice of Great Britain, May 4, 1745 ; 

Secretary of State for the Northern Department, 
Oct. 29, 1746-Feb. 6, 1748 ; 

Foreign Member of the French Academy, 

July, 1755; 

in. Melosina dc Schulcmburg, Countess of Wal- 
stngham, Sept. 5, 1733 ; 

d. March 24. 1773. 



Eakl. 




CHESTERFIELD. 



373 



1773. Philip Stanhope IV., cousin of Philip Dormer : Earl of Chester- 
field, & Baron Stanhope of Shelford. 

B. Nov. 10, 1755 ; 

st. Philip Stanhope, Esq., of Mansfield- 

Woodhouse, co. Notts, 1773 ; 
educ. University of Leipsic ; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Chesterfield, March 24, 

1773; 
Captain, 85th Regt. of Foot, Sept. 14, 1779; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Buckinghamshire Regt. of 

Militia ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Buckingham, (swn.), Dec. 14, 1781- 

April 10, 17S2 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to Madrid, Jan. 1, 1784 ; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 7, 1784; 
Master of the Mint, Sept. T2, 1789-Jan. 20, 

1790; 
Joint Postmaster-General, March 12, 1790 ; 
Master of the Horse, Feb. 14, 1798-July 21, 

1804 ; 
Colonel, St. George's Battalion of London 

Volunteers, April 28, 1798; 
a Vice President of St. George's Hospital ; 
K.G., Jan. 17, 1805 ; 
an Hereditary Governor of Repton Hospital & 

School ; 

m. (1) Anne, d. of Thomas Thistlcthivaite, D.D., 
of Norman Court, Sept. 16, 1777; 

m. (2) Lady Henrietta Thynne, 3rd d. of Thomas, 
1st Marquis of Bath, May 2, 1799 ; 

d. Aug. 29, 1815. 



{%J% 




Earl. 



374 



CHESTERFIELD. 



1815. 




After Count D'Orsay, (1840). 



George Stanhope, son of Philip IV. (2) : Earl of Chesterfield, & 

Baron Stanhope of Shelford. 

B. May 23, 1S05 ; . 

st. Lord Stanhope, 1 805-181 5 ; 

sncc. as 6th Earl of Chesterfield, Aug. 29, 

1815; 
a Governor of Repton Hospital & School ; 
educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George IV., 

Aug. 11, 1828-July, 1830; 
Captain, Staffordshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Nov. 29, 1828 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King William IV., 

July 24-Nov. 22, 1830; 
Deputy Lieutenant, Middlesex, Sept. 13, 1831; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 29, 1834 ; 
Master of the Buckhounds, Dec. 30, 1834- 

April, 1835 ; 

in. Hon. Anne Elizabeth, d. of Cecil, 1st Lord 
Forrester, Nov., 1830 ; 

d. June 1, 1866. 



1866. George Philip Cecil Arthur Stanhope, son of George : Earl of 

Chesterfield, & Baron Stanhope of Shelford. 

B. Sept. 6, 1 831; 

st. Lord Stanhope, 1 831-1866 ; 

educ. Eton ; 

Cornet, Royal Regt. of Horse Guards, Aug. 21, 

1849; 
Lieutenant, do., Sept. 2, 1853-1860 ; 
M.P., South Nottinghamshire, 1860-1866; 
Lieutenant, South Nottinghamshire Regt. of 

Yeomanry, March 26, 1863 ; 
Captain, do., March 3, 1865 ; 

succ. as 7th Earl of Chesterfield, June 1, 

1866 ; 
an Hereditary Governor of Etwall & Repton 

Hospital & Free School ; 

d. Dec. 1, 1871. 



Earls. 



CHESTERFIELD. 



375 



187 1. George Philip Stanhope, cousin of George Philip Cecil Arthur : 

Earl of Chesterfield, & Baron Stanhope of 
Shelford. 

B. Nov. 29, 1822 ; 

st. George Philip Stanhope, Esq., 1840-1873; 

Ensign, 29th, ('Worcestershire') Regt. of Foot, 

March 19, 1841 ; 
Lieutenant, do., April 15-July 22, 1S42 ; 
succ. (de jure), as 8th Earl of Chesterfield, 

Dec. 1, 1 871; 
his claim admitted by House of Lords, July 7, 

1873; 
an Hereditary Governor of Etwall & Repton 

Hospital & Free School ; 
111. Marianne, d. of William Roche, Esq., 
April 8, 1856 ; (d. Dec, 1875). 

d. Oct. 19. 1883. 



Earl. 



1883. Henry Edwyn Chandos Scudamore-Stanhope, kinsman of George 

Philip : Earl of Chesterfield, Baron Stanhope 
of Shelford, & a Baronet. 

B. April 8, 1 821; 

educ. Balliol Coll., Oxford ; 

st. Henry Edwyn Stanhope, Esq., 1 839-1 874 ; 

B.A. of Oxford, Nov. 18, 1841 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baronet, Feb. 8, 1874; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hereford ; 

succ. as 9th Earl of Chesterfield, Oct. 19, 

1883; 
vi. Dorothea, eldest d. of Sir Adam Hay, Bart., 

Aug. 6, 1 85 1. 



Arms- See p. 370, 



37^ 


CHICHESTER. 




CHICHESTER. 


Earlc. 




ALBINEY. 






see title Arundel. 




+ 


+ + 
LEIGH. 




1 644. Francis Leigh, son of Sir Francis Leigh, K.B. : Earl of Chichester, 






Baron Dunsmore or Dunsmore, & a Baronet. 






B. before 1594 ; 

Knight, (by King James I.), Jan., 1613; 

M.P., Leicester, 1614; 


MS Claud. 
C. iii. 252. 




cr. a Baronet, Dec. 24, 1618 ; 






M.P., Warwick, 1625 ; & 1626; 


Willis, iii. 




cr. Baron Dunsmore of Dunsmore, July 31, 






1628; 






Keeper of the King's Game in the Hundred of 






Knightlow ; 






Joint Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 






(Ripon), Sept., 1640; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 


Balfour, ii. 
411. 




(London), Nov. 23, 1640 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 


Ibid., 419. 




March 14, 1641 ; 




■A man of a rough & tem- 
pestuous nature.' — Lord 
Clarendon, History, III., 
p. 520. 


Privy Councillor, Aug. 8, 1641 ; 

Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Warwick, 

June, 1642 1 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Royal Army), 

Feb. 10, 1643 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Warwick ; 
Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 


P.C. Reg. 

MS. Dugd. 

M. 1. 




Jan. 21, 1644-1646 ; 


Dngdale, 
Diary, 59. 



CHICHESTER. 



377 



cr. Earl of Chichester, June 3, 1644; 
Joint Commissioner for King Charles I., Con- 
ference of Uxbridge, Jan. 28, 1645 ; 

;;/. Audrey, d. of John, Lord Butler of Brain- 
field; 

d. Dec. 21. 1653. 

Arms— Quarterly, I & 4, Gules, a cross engrailed & in the first quarter a lozenge 
or ; 2 & 3, Azure, 2 bars, & in chief a wolf's head between 2 mullets argent. 

Crest — On a wreath argent & gules, a uniconrs head or, plain-collared of the 
second. 

Supporters — Two wolves ermine. 

Motto— Vanus nisi verus honos. 

+ + + 



WRIOTHESLEY. 

1653 Thomas Wriothesley II., 4th Earl of Southampton: Earl of Chi- 
chester; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Southampton, Nov. 10, 

1624; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Chichester, Dec. 21, 

1653; 
m. (2) Elizabeth Leigh, eldest d. 6° h. of 

Eraneis, Earl of Chiehester ; 

see title Southampton. 

+ + + 



FITZ-ROY. 

1675. Charles Fitz-Roy, nat. son of King Charles II. : Duke of South- 
ampton, & Earl of Chichester. 

B. June, 1662 ; 

cr. Baron of Newbury, Earl of Chichester, & 
Duke of Southampton, Sept. 10, 1675; 



Earls. 



MS. Dugd. 
M. 1. 



VOL. I. 



see titles Cleveland & Southampton. 
3 c 



I7S 



CHICHESTER. 



PELHAM. 

1801. Thomas Pelham I., cousin of Thomas, ist Duke of Newcastle: Earl 

of Chichester, Baron Pelham of Stanmer, & a 
Baronet. 

B. Feb. 28, 1728; 

st. Thomas Pelham, Esq., 1 746—1768 ; 

M.P., co. Sussex, 1754 ; 1761 ; & 1768 ; 

a Lord of Trade & Foreign Plantations, April 6, 

1754; 
a Lord of the Admiralty, March 19, 1 761— 

Jan. 1, 1763 ; 

Comptroller of the Household, July 17, 1765— 

1774; 
Privy Councillor, Sept. 6, 1765 ; 
succ. as 6th Baronet, & 2nd Baron Pelham 

of Stanmer, Nov. 10, 1768; 
Surveyor-General of the Customs in the Port of 

London, July 27, 1773 ; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests North of Trent, March 12, 1 774— 

Nov. 10, 1775 ; 
Keeper of the Great Wardrobe, Nov. 10, 1 775— 

1782; 
cr. Earl of Chichester, June 23, 1801 ; 

m. Anne, d. 6° //. of Frederick Meinhardt Frank- 
land, Esq., May n, 1754; 

d. Jan. 8, 1S05. 



1 75 1. — 'Seems very good- 
humoured, but he is nothing 
but complexion.' — H. Wal- 
POLE, Letters, II., p. 241. 



Earls. 



1805. Thomas Pelham II., son of Thomas I. : Earl of Chichester, Baron 

Pelham of Stanmer, <Si a Baronet. 

B. April 8, 1756 ; 

st. Hon. Thomas Pelham, 1768-1801; 

educ. Clare Hall, Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1775 ; 

Captain, Sussex Regt. of Militia, June 5, 1778; 

Major, do., Oct. 1, 1779; 



CHICHESTER. 



379 



M. P., co. Sussex, 1780; 1784; 1790 ;& 1796- 
1801 ; 

Surveyor-General of the Ordnance, April 23, 
1782; 

Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, Aug. 20, 1783-1784; 

Privy Councillor of Ireland, 1783 ; 

M.P., Carrick, (Irish Parlt), 1783 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Sussex Regt. of Militia, 
March 5, 1794; 

Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, March n, 1795-Nov. 2, 1798; 

Privy Councillor, March 11, 1795 ; 

M.P., Armagh, (Irish Parlt), 1795 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Pelham of Stanmer, 
June 20, 1 80 1 ; 

Secretary of State for the Home Department. 
July 30, iSoi-Oct, 1803; 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Nov. 9, 

1803 ; 

Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, June 5, 

1804 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Chichester, Jan. 8, 1805; 
Joint Postmaster-General, May 5, 1807-June 13, 

1823; 
Assistant Lord Carver, Coron. of King George 

IV., July 19, 1 82 1 ; 
Postmaster General, Nov. 23, 1S23; 

m. Lady Mary Osborne, d. of Era/ids, ^th Duke 
of Leeds, July 16, 1S01 ; 

d. July 4, 1826. 



s Sfts&tf&f&C^ 



Earl. 



3 C 2 



3 8 ° 



CHICHESTER. 



1826. Henry Thomas Pelham, son of Thomas II. : Earl of Chichester, 

Baron Pelham of Stanmer, & a Baronet. 

B. Aug. 23, 1804 ; 

st. Lord Pelham, 1805-1826 ; 

Cornet, 6th (' Inniskilling ') Regt. of Dragoons, 

June 24, 1824 ; 
Cornet, Royal Regt. of Horse Guards, Oct. 14, 

1824 : 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Chichester, July 4, 

1826 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Sussex, April 5, 1827 ; 
Lieutenant, Royal Regt. of Horse Guards, April 

28, 1827 ; 
Captain of Infantry, (unattached), Jan. 3, 1828; 
an Ecclesiastical Commissioner for England, 

Eeb. 22, 1841 ; 
Major in the Army, Nov. 23, 1841 ; 
Joint Commissioner to consider the state of 

the several Bishoprics in England & Wales, 

Jan. 30, 1S47; 
Chief Commissioner for management of Eccle- 
siastical Estates, Aug. 24, 1850-1S78 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Sussex, Nov. 21, i860 ; 

;;/. Lady Alary E 'rudotel/, $t/i d. of Robert, 6th 
Earl of Cardigan, Aug. 18, 1828 ; (d. 
May 22, 1867) ; 



Eari.. 



Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Azure, 3 pelicans vulning themselves argent ; 2 & 3, 
Gules, 2 pieces of belts with buckles erect in pale, the buckles upwards 
argent. 

Crest— A peacock in pride argent. 

Supporters — Dexter, a horse of a mouse dun colour ; & Sinister, a bear proper, 
each collared with a belt argent, buckle & pendent or. 

Motto — Vincit amor patriae. 



CHOLMONDELE Y. 



38i 



CHOLMONDELEY. 



CHOLMONDELE Y. 



1645. Robert Cholmondeley, son of Sir Hugh Cholmondeley, Knt. : 

Baron Cholmondeley of Nantwich, &a Baronet; 
Earl of Leinster, & Viscount Cholmondeley of 
Kells, in Ireland. 

B. before 1581 ; 

cr. a Baronet, June 29, 161 1 ; 

cr. Viscount Cholmondeley of Kells, (in Ire- 
land), July 2, 1628 ■ 

Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Chester, 
1642 ; 

cr. Baron Cholmondeley of Nantwich, Sept. 1, 

1645 t 

cr. Earl of Leinster, (in Ireland), March 5, 

1646 ; 

m. Catherine, d. of John, Lord Stanhope of 



Harrington ; 



d. Oct. 2, 1659. 



1689. Hugh Cholmondeley, greatnephew of Robert: Earl of Cholmon- 
deley, Viscount Malpas, & Baron Cholmon- 
deley of Nantwich ; Viscount Cholmondeley of 
Kells, in Ireland, & a Baronet. 

B. about 1663 ; 

succ. as 3rd Viscount Cholmondeley of Kells, 

May, 1 68 1 ; 
cr. Baron Cholmondeley of Nantwich, March 9, 

1689 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of North Wales, Dec. 2, 1702- 

i7 r 3i 



Baron, 
Earls, 
Marquises. 



Pat. 13. 



382 



CHOLMONDELE Y. 



1704. — ' Handsome in his per 
son.'— J. Macky, p. 107. 



Vice Admiral, cos. Chester & Lancaster, July 29, 

1703; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. & 

city of Chester, June 21, 1704-Apr., 1713; 
Privy Councillor, March 29, 1706 ; 
cr. Viscount Malpas, & Earl of Cholmondeley, 

Dec. 29, 1706 ; 
Comptroller of the Household, April 22, 1708; 
Treasurer of the Household, Oct. 6, 170S- 

April, 17 13 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. & 

city of Chester, Oct. 9, 17 14 ; 
Treasurer of the Household, Oct. 11, 17 14; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 12, 17 14; 
Governor of Chester, Oct. 18, 1714; 
Lord Lieutenant of North Wales, Oct. 21,1714; 

d. Jan. iS, 1725. 



1725. George Cholmondeley I., brother of Hugh : Earl of Cholmon- 
deley, Viscount Malpas, Baron Cholmondeley 
of Nantwich, & Baron of Newburgh ; Viscount 
of Kells, & Baron Newborough, in Ireland ; & 
a Baronet. 

B. before 1670 ; 

st. Hon. George Cholmondeley, Esq., 1670- 

1715; 
educ. Westminster, & Christ Church Coll., 

Oxford ; 
Captain, (' Queen Consort's ') Regt. of Horse, 

June 1, 1686 ; 
Lieutenant, & Lieutenant- Colonel, 1st Troop of 

Horse Guards, 16S9; 
M.P., Newton, 1690-1695 ; 
Groom of the Bedchamber to King William III., 

April 29, 1 69 1 ; 
Captain & Colonel, Troop of Horse Grenadier 

Guards ; 
Brigadier General of Horse, June 17, 1697 ; 
Major General, July 9, 1702 ; 



Earls. 
Mun. Bk. v. 

Pat. 13. 



Gaz. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 1. 



Establ. Bk 
214. 



CHOLMONDELE Y. 



3*3 



Governor of Gravesend & Tilbury Fort, July 9, 

1702 ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Horse, Jan. 1, 1704; 
Captain & Colonel, 3rd Troop of Horse Guards, 

Feb. n, 1715 ; 
cr. Baron Newborough, in Ireland, March 15, 

1715; 
cr. Baron Newburgh, co. Anglesea, July 2, 

1716; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Cholmondeley, Jan. iS, 

1725 ; • 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Chester, March 9, 1725 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of North Wales, March 9, 

!725 I 
Vice Admiral, co. Chester, March 18, 1725 ; 

Governor of Hull, March 20, 1725 ; 

General of the Horse, March 1, 1727 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, April 25, 172S; 

Governor of Guernsey, Oct. 9, 1732; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Baron Ruytenburgh, [1702] ; 

d. May 7, 1733. 



Earls. 



1733. George Cholmondeley II., son of George I. : Earl of Cholmon- 
deley, Viscount Malpas, Baron Cholmondeley 
of Nantwich, 8c Baron of Newburgh ; Viscount 
of Kells, & Baron Newborough, in Ireland ; & a 
Baronet. 

B. Jan. 2, 1703 ; 

st. Hon. George Cholmondeley, 1 715-1725; 

M.P., East Looe, 1 722-1 727 ; 

st. Viscount Malpas, i 725—1733 ; 

Governor of Chester, Feb. 28, 1725 j 

Knight of the Bath, May 27, 1725 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Chester, Aug. 5, 1725 ; 

Gentleman & Master of the Robes to King 

George I., May 13-June, 1727 ; 
a Lord of the Admiralty, July 29, 1727 ; 



Mun. Blc. vii. 



C. H. C. 

iv. 196. 



Mil. Bk. i+. 



;34 



CHOLMONDELE Y. 




After J. Highmore : (in Pine's 
Knights of the Bath). 



Motto- Ferar unus et idem. 



M. P., Windsor, 1727-1733; 

a Governor of Greenwich Hospital ; 

Master of the Horse to Frederick, Prince of 

Wales, Dec. 5, 17 28-1 735 ; 
sncc. as 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley, May 7, 

1733; 
Lord Lieutenant & Gustos Rotulorum, co. 

Chester, May 29, 1733 ; 
Vice Admiral, co. Chester, May 29, 1733 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of North Wales, May 29, 1733; 
a Lord of the Treasury, May 19, 1735-May 17, 

<73 6 ; 
Chamberlain of Chester, March 1, 1736 ; 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, May 

17. 1736; 
Privy Councillor, May 21, 1736; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Montgomery, June 14, 

1737-June, 1761 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Dec. 9, 1743- 

Dec. 26, 1744 ; 
Joint Vice Treasurer of Ireland, Dec. 27, 1744 ; 
High Steward of the Royal Manor of Shene ; 
Colonel in the Army, Oct. 4, 1745 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 

Oct., 1753 ; 
Major-General, March 5, 1755 ; 
Lieutenant-General, Feb. 6, 1759; 

111. Mary, d. of the Right Hon. Robert Wa/pole, 

Sept. 14, i7 2 3 ; 

d. June 10, 1770. 




Earl. 



Gaz. 
Ibid. 
Ibid. 



Lane. Index 



Pat. 



CHOLMONDELE Y. 



33 5 



1770. 




George James Cholmondeley, grandson of George II. : Marquis of 

Cholmondeley, Earl of Cholmondeley & Rock- 
savage, Viscount Malpas, Baron Cholmondeley 
of Nantwieh & Newburgh ; Viscount Cholmon- 
deley of Kells, & Baron Newborough, in Ireland ; 
& a Baronet. 

B. May 1 1, 1749 ; 
st. Viscount Malpas, 1764-1770; 
succ.as4th Earl of Cholmondeley, June 10,1770; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Chester, July 16, 1770-May, 1 7S3 ; 
Chamberlain of Chester, July 19, 1770 ; 
Colonel, Chester Regt. of Militia, Jan. 25, 1771 ; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), July 2, 

1779; 
Envoy Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to Berlin, 

June 14, 1782 ; 

Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, April 12, 
1783-Jan. 2, 1784 ; 

Privy Councillor, April 14, 1783 ; 

Chamberlain to the Prince of Wales, & Inten- 
dant of his Houses, Jan. 17, 1795; 

Lord Steward of the Household, March 5, 
1812-Dec. 11, 1821 ; 

cr. Earl of Rocksavage, & Marquis of Cholmon- 
deley, Nov. 22, 1 81 5 ; 

G.C.H., 1816; 

K.G., June 22, 1822 ; 

m. Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, 2nd d. 6° 
eo-h. of Peregrine, Duke of Ancaster, April 25, 
1791 ■ 

d. April 10, 1827. 



After J. S. Copley. 



Marquis. 




VOL. I. 



3D 



3 86 



CHOLMONDELE Y. 



1827. George Horatio Cholmondeley, son of George James : Marquis of 

Cholmondeley, Earl of Cholmondeley & Rock- 
savage, Viscount Malpas, Baron Cholmondeley 
of Nantwich, & Newburgh of Newburgh ; Vis- 
count Cholmondeley of Kells, & Baron New- 
borough, in Ireland ; & a Baronet. 

B. Jan. 16, 1792 ; 

st. Viscount Malpas, 1792-1815 ; 

st. Earl of Rocksavage, 1815-1827 ; 

M.P., Castle Rising, 1817; 1818 ; & 1820- 
182 1 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Newburgh of New- 
burgh, Dec. 24, 1821 ; 

succ. as 2nd Marquis of Cholmondeley, 
April 10, 1S27 ; 

Deputy Great Chamberlain of England ; 

Privy Councillor, July 19, 1830 ; 

a Governor of King's College, London ; 

m. (1) Caroline, d. of Lieut.-Gen. Colin Camp- 
bell, Oct. 20, 181 2 ; - 

m. (2) Lady Susan Somerset, d. of Henry C 
6th Duke of Beaufort, May 11, 1830 ; 

d. May 8, 1S70. 



1870. William Henry Hugh Cholmondeley, brother of George Horatio, 

Marquis of Cholmondeley, Earl of Cholmon- 
deley & Rocksavage, Viscount Malpas, Baron 
Cholmondeley of Nantwich, & Newburgh of 
Newburgh ; Viscount Cholmondeley of Kells, 
& Baron Newborough, in Ireland ; & a Baronet. 

B. Aug. 31, 1800 ; 

st. Lord W. Henry H. Cholmondeley, 181 5- 

1870; 
Captain, Cheshire Regt. of Yeomanry, Jan. 15, 

1820; 
M.P., Castle Rising, 1822; 1826; 1S30 ; lS: 

1831-1832 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hants, Feb. 17, 1846; 



Marquises. 



CHOLMONDELE Y. 



387 



M. P., South Hants, 1S52-1857 ; 

succ. as 3rd Marquis of Cholmondeley, May 8, 

1870 ; 
Joint Hereditary Great Chamberlain of England; 

m. Mania Emma Gcorgiana, d. of Right Hon. 
Charles Arbiithnot, Feb. 28, 1825. 



Marquis. 



Arms — Gules, in chief 2 esquires' helmets argent, & in base a garb or. 

Crest — A demi-griffin sable, wings elevated or, holding between the paws an 
esquire's helmet argent. 

Supporters — Dexter, a griffm sable, beak, claws, & wings elevated or. Sinister, 
a wolf or, collared vaire. 

Motto— Cassis tutissima virtus. 



3 d 2 



CLANCARTY. 



Viscounts. 



TRENCH. 

1823. Richard le Poer Trench, son of William, Earl of Clancarty : Vis- 
count Clancarty, & Baron Trench of Garbally; 
Earl of Clancarty, Viscount Dunlo of Dunlo, & 
Ballinasloe, & Baron Kilconnel of Garbally, in 
Ireland : Marquis of Heusden, in the Nether- 
lands. 

B. May 18, 1767 ; 

st. Hon. Richard Trench, i 797-1803 ; 

M.P., co. Galway, 180 r ; & 1802-1805 ; 

st. Viscount Dunlo, 1S03-1805 ; 

Colonel, Galway Regt. of Militia, March 31, 

1804 ; 
a Commissioner for the affairs of India, May 21, 

1804-Feb. 12, 1806 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Clancarty, April 27, 1805; 
Governor, co. Galway, May 9, 1805 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 13, 1807 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Galway, Nov. 7, 1808 ; 
a Representative Peer of Ireland, Dec. 16, 1808; 
Privy Councillor of Ireland, Dec. 26, 1808; 
Master of the Mint, Sept. 29, 1813-Sept. 28, 

1814; 
President of the Board of Trade, Sept. 29, 

1813-Jan. 24, 181 8 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to the Hague, Dec. 11, 1813 ; 
Joint Postmaster-General, June 21, 1814- 

April 16, 1 8 16 ; 
Joint Plenipotentiary to the Congress of Vienna, 

Aug. n, 1814 ; 
cr. Baron Trench of Garbally, Aug. 4, 181 5 ; 
G.C.B., April 1, 1815 j 



CLANCARTY. 



389 



Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to the Hague & Brussels, May 23, 
1816 ; 

cr. Marquis of Heusden, in the Netherlands, 
July 18, 1S1S ; 

G.C.H., 1821 ; 

Vice Admiral of Connaught, Feb. 1, 1822 ; 

cr. Viscount Clancartv, Nov. 17, 1823 ; 

m. Henrietta Margaret, 2nd d. of the Right Hon. 
John Staples, Feb. 9, 1796 ; (d. 1847); 

d. Nov. 24, 1837. 



1837. William Thomas le Poer Trench, son of Richard : Viscount Clan- 

carty, & Baron Trench of Garbally ; Earl of 
Clancarty, Viscount Dunlo of Dunlo & Ballina- 
sloe, & Baron Kilconnel of Garbally, in Ireland; 
Marquis of Heusden, in the Netherlands. 

B. Sept. 21, 1803 ; 

st. Viscount Dunlo, 1805-183 7 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1S23 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Galway Regt. of Militia, 

Dec. 20, 1830 ; 
succ. as 2nd Viscount Clancarty, Nov. 24, 

io 3/ > 
3rd Earl of Clancarty, (in Ireland) ; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Galway ; 

m. Lady Sarah Juliana Butler, eldest d. of 
Somerset Richard, yd Earl of Carrick, 
Dec. 8, 1S32 ; 

d. April 26, 1872. 



1872. Richard Somerset le Poer Trench, son of William Thomas : Vis- 
count Clancarty, & Baron Trench of Garbally; 
Earl of Clancarty, Viscount Dunlo of Dunlo & 
Ballinasloe, & Baron Kilconnel of Garbally, in 
Ireland ; Marquis of Heusden, in the Nether- 
lands. 



Viscounts. 



39° 



CLANCARTY. 



B. Jan. 13, 1834 ; 

st. Viscount Uunlo, 1S37-1872 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

Captain, Galway Regt. of Militia, June, 1853 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant, do., 

Nov. 14, 1865 ; 
succ. as 3rd Viscount Clancarty, April 26, 

1872; 
4th Earl of Clancarty, (in Ireland) ; 
Hon. Colonel, 4th (Militia) Batt. ' Connaught 

Rangers' Regt. of Foot, Jan. 31, 1877 ; 

;;/. Lady Adeiiza Georgiana Hervey, d. of Fre- 
derick William, 2nd Marquis of Bristol, 
Nov. 29, 1S66. 



Arms-- Quarterly, I. & IV. , Argent, a lion passant gules between 3 fleur de lys azure, 
on a chief azure, a sun in splendour, (Trench) ; II. & III., Argent, a chief 
indented sable, (Le Poer). Over all (being an augmentation granted by the 
King of the Netherlands, 1S24) an escocheon or, ensigned with the coronet 
of a marquess of the Netherlands, & charged with a wheel of 6 spokes gules. 

Crests — 1, A dexter arm embowed in armour, the hand grasping a scymetar 
proper, (Trench). 

2, Of augmentation (granted as above) a lion rampant or, imperially 

crowned, holding in the dexter forepaw a naked sword argent, 
pomel & hilt gold ; & in the sinister a sheaf of arrows also or. On 
a scroll above, the words — ' Heusden Heusden.' 

3, A stag's head caboshed argent, attired or, & between the attires a 

crucifix, (Le Poer). 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion gules, seme of fleurs de lys or. Sinister, a stag 
gardant proper, attired or, between the attires a crucifix, & supporting with 
the sinister forepaw a lance resting bendwise over the shoulder proper, & 
thereon a banner of the arms of Le Poer. 

Motto— Consilio et Prudentia. 



Viscount. 



CLARE. 



39 1 



CLARE. 

[1085]. Richard Fitz-Gilbert, cousin of King William I. : 'Earl' of Clare, 

& Lord of Tunbridge ; Lord of Bienfaite & 
Orbec, in Normandy. 

B. before 1035 ; 

restored as Lord of Bienfaite & Orbec, 1053; 

Knight ; 

st. Richard 'Fitz-Gilbert' ; 

st. Richard ' de Bienfaite ' ; 

Councillor in Normandy, [1066] : 

Commander in the Norman Army, 1066; 

received 176 Lordships in England; 

Joint Chief Justiciar of England, [1074] ; 

Lord of Clare & Tunbridge ; 

st. Richard de Tunbridge, [1086] ; 

perhaps called ' Earl ' of Clare ; 

Founder of Tunbridge Priory ; 

m. Rohais, d. of Walter Giffard I., Earl of 
Buckingham ; 

d. before 1090. 



[1090]. 



Gilbert II. de Clare, 2nd son of Richard I. : ' Earl ' of Clare, 

Lord of Tunbridge, & Cardigan. 
B. before 1066 ; 

st. Gilbert Fitz-Richard, [1088] ; 
succ. as 2nd Lord, or ' Earl,' of Clare, [1090]; 
Founder of Clare Priory, 1090 ; 
Knight, [1095]; 

st. Gilbert de Tunbridge, [1095] > 
Commander of Forces against the Welsh, 1107; 
cr. Lord of Cardigan, (by King Henry I.) ; 

m. Adeliza, d. of Hugh, Count of Clermont ; 

d. xi 16. 



1095. — ' Miles poten: 
dives.' — Ordericus 
talis, 1. viii., c. 23. 

'Bare'— Ibid. 



et 
Vl- 



Lords, 
Earls. 



Orderic,I.iii. 
c. 11. 

Wace, ii. 254. 
Domesday 
Bk. 

Orderic, I. iv. 
c. 14. 



Domesday 
Bk. i. 14. 



Orderic, 1. X. 
c. 3. 



Orderic, I. 
viii. c. 23. 

Ibid. 

Brut y Ty- 

wysogion, 
p. 105. 

ibid. 



392 



CLARE. 



1 1 1 6. Richard de Clare II., son of Gilbert II. : 'Earl' of Clare, Lord 

of Tunbridge, & Cardigan. 

Knight ; 
' Nobilis atque amabilis.'— SUCC. as 3rd ' Earl' of CLARE, IIl6; 

Florentii Wigorn. Cont., cr Earl of Hertford, (about) 1116: 
II., P . 47. v ' ° ' 

m. Alice, elder sister of Ranulf ' de KyvcTioc] 
'Nobilis & magnificus vir.' — 3M Ear/ of Chester • 
Giraldus, /tin. Cambria, 



Op., VI., p. 97. 



killed in Wales, April 15, 11 36. 



1139. Gilbert de Clare III., son of Richard: Earl of Hertford & 

Clare. 

cr. Earl of Hertford, i 139 ; 
called commonly, ' Earl ' of Clare; 

d. 1152. 



1 152. Roger de Clare, brother of Gilbert III. : Earl of Hertford & 

Clare. 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Hertford & Clare, i 152; 

d. 1 173. 



1173. Richard de Clare III., son of Roger : Earl of Hertford & Clare. 

succ. as 4th Earl of Hertford & Clare, 1173 ; 

d. Nov., 1 21 7. 

12 1 7. Gilbert de Clare IV., son of Richard III. : Earl of Gloucester, 

Hertford, & Clare. 

succ. as 5th Earl of Hertford & Clare, Nov., 

1217; 
succ. (jure matris), as Earl of Gloucester, 

1226 ; 

see titles Hertford & Gloucester. 



Earls. 



+ 



+ 



+ 





CLARE. 


393 




HOLLES. 


Earls. 


1624. John Holles I., 


son of Denzil Holles, Esq. : Earl of Clare, & 
Baron Haughton of Haughton. 

B. (about) 1559 ; 

educ. Cambridge, & Gray's Inn ; 

Volunteer in the Royal Navy, 15S8 ; 

Volunteer under Sir Francis Vere ; 

Captain in Ireland, [1589]; 

Knight, (by the Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam), about 






1590 ; 


MS. Soc. Ant 




One of the Gentlemen Pensioners ; 






M.P., co. Nottingham, 1604-1611 ; & 1614 ; 






Comptroller of the Household to Henry, Prince 






of Wales, Dec. 1610-Dec. 7, 16 12 ; 






cr. Baron Haughton of Haughton, July 9, 






1 616 ; 






cr. Earl of Clare, Nov. 2, 1624 ; 






Justice of the Peace, for cos. Nottingham & 




• He was of a gallant presence, 
full six feet high ; straight, 
& of a strong limb. In 
his youth, he was somewhat 


Middlesex, & Liberty of Westminster ; 

m. Anne, d. of Sir Thomas Stanhope, of Shtl- 
ford, May, 15 91 ; 




lean ; but in his latter days 
he grew well in flesh, though 


d. Oct. 4, 1637. 




not corpulent. His hair was 






of a light brown, something 






towards an auburn ; his eyes 






grey, his skin white, & his 
cheeks rosy. In his face 


/r$s 




there was a strong mixture 


/ \//l jm 




of severity & sweetness ; & 


f Jl Jj l) V 




his motion was stately, be- 


%/i/i/w C^P*" " 




fitting so great a person.' — 
Gervase Holles. 






1637. John Holles IT., 


son of John I. : Earl of Clare, & Baron Haugh- 
ton of Haughton. 

B. June 13, 1595 ; 

st. John Holles, Esq., 16 13-1624 ; 






M.P., East Retford, 1624-1625 ; 


Willis, iii. 




st. Lord Haughton, 1624-1637; 




VOL. 1. 


3 e 





394 



CLARE. 




succ. as 2nd Earl of Clare, Oct. 4, 1637; 

Recorder of Nottingham ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Nottingham, (on nomina- 
tion of Parlt.), Feb. 28, 1642 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, city of Westminster, 1660 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Middlesex & Notting- 
ham, 1660 ; 

Councillor for the Colonies, Dec. 1, 1660 ; 

;;;. Elizabeth, eldest d. 6° co-h. of Horace, Lord 
Vere of Tilbury ; 

d. Jan. 1, 1666. 



From an engraving. 




1666. Gilbert Holles, son of John II. : Earl of Clare, & Baron Haugh- 

ton of Haughton. 

B. April 24, 1633 ; 
st. Lord Haughton, 1637-1666 ; 
M.P., co. Nottingham, 1660 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Nottingham & Lin- 
coln, 1 66 1 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Nottingham, 1662 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Clare, Jan. 1, 1666 ; 

m. Grace, 4/// d. of Hon. William Pierrepont, 
Esq., 2nd son of Robert, 1st Earl of Kings- 
ton ; 

d Jan. 16, 1689. 




Earls. 



Journ. C. ii 
459- 



S. P. Colon, 
xiv. 5g. 



Pat. 

Dom. be 66 



CLARE. 



395 



16S9. John Holles IIL, son of Gilbert : Earl of Clare, & Baron Haugh- 

ton of Haughton. 

B. Jan. 9, 1663 ; 

st. Lord Haughton, 1666-1689; 

M.P., co. Nottingham, 1689; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Clare, Jan. 16, 1689; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King William 

III., Feb. 14, 1689 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, March 28, 

16S9; 
cr. Marquis of Clare, & Duke of Newcastle, 

May 14, 1692 ; 

m. Lady Margaret Cavendish, d. cV //. of Hcn?y, 
2nd Duke of Newcastle, Feb., 1690; 

see title Newcastle. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., Quarterly, 1 & 4, Ermine, 2 piles in point sable; 
2 & 3, Argent, a lion rampant gules. 11., Sable, a crescent, surmounted by a 
mullet argent, in., Argent, 3 chevrons sable. 

Crest— On a wreath argent & sable, a negro's head in profile, couped proper, bound 
about the temples with a fillet argent & azure. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion tenne ; Sinister, an heraldic tiger or. 

Motto— Spes audaces adjuvat. 

+ + -f- 



PELHAM. 

1714. Thomas Pelham-Holles, son of Thomas, 1st Lord Pelham : Earl cf 

Clare, Viscount Haughton, Baron Pelham of 
Laughton, & a Baronet. 

B. July 21, 1694; 

cr. Viscount Pelham of Haughton, & Earl of 
Clare, Oct. 26, 1714; 

see title Newcastle. 



+ 



+ 

3 E2 



+ 



Earl, 

Marquis, 
Earl. 



39 6 



CLARENCE. 



CLARENCE. 



PLANTAGENET. 

1362. Lionel 'of Antwerp,' 3rd son of King Edward III. : Duke of 

Clarence, Earl of Ulster, Lord of Connaught 
& Usk. 

B. Nov. 29, 1338 ; 

Guardian & Lieutenant of England, July 1, 

1345 ; 

Guardian & Lieutenant of England, June 25, 

1346; 
cr. Earl of Ulster, before Jan. 26, 1347 ; 
Knight, 1355 ; 
Steward of the Manor of Westraddon, co. 

Devon, May 8, 1359; 




, 136 1 



From his seal, (1368). 

Quarterly, 1 & 4, Azure, semee 
of fleurs de lys or, (France) ; 
2 & 3, Gules, 3 lions pas- 
sant or, (England), a label 
of 3 points argent, each 
charged with a canton gules. 

Crest — A lion statant, gorged 
with a label as above. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion. 
Sinister, an eagle. 



K.G., (probably April), 1361 
Lieutenant of Ireland, July 1 
cr. Duke of Clarence, Nov. 13, 1362 ; 

m. (1) Elizabeth de Burgh, d. &> h. of William, 

Earl of Ulster, 1352 ; 
in. (2) Viol ant a Visconti, d. of Gian Galeazzo, 

Duke of Milan, May 28, 1368 ; 

d. in Piedmont, Oct. 7, 1368. 



' In all the world was then no prince hym like, 
Of hie stature & all semelynesse, 
Above all men within his hole kingrike 
By the shulders he might be seen doutlesse.' 

John Hardyng, Chronicle, p. 334. 



Duke. 



R. Pat. 1, 

m. 2. 

R. Pat. 2, 

m. 9. 

Froissart, 
iii. 73. 

R. Pat. 1, 
m. 9. 

R. Pat 2, 
m. 10. 



CLARENCE. 



397 




1412. Thomas 'of Lancaster,' 2nd son of King Henry IV. : Duke of 

Clarence, Earl of Albemarle, Lord of Holder- 
ness, Somerton, Hawarden, Montalt, & Mohan- 
tesdale. 

B. Sept. 29, 1 38 7 ; 

Steward of England, Oct., 1399 j 

Knight of the Bath, Oct. 12, 1399 ; 

Patron of Meaux Abbey, co. York, & Thornton 

Abbey, co. Lincoln, Nov. 2, 1399 ; 
K.G., 1400 ; 

Lieutenant of Ireland, June 27, 1401-1413 ; 
st. Thomas of Lancaster, June 27, 140 1 ; 
Admiral of England, Feb. 20, 1405-April 28, 

1406 ; 
Lieutenant & special Captain on sea & land, 

(for an expedition), March 7, 1405 ; 
Captain of the Castle of Guisnes, Dec. 8, 1406: 
Commissioner to treat with France, Dec. 26, 

1407 ; 
President of the Council, 141 1 ; 
cr. Earl of Albemarle, & Duke of Clarence, 

July 9, 141 2 ; ' 
Lieutenant of Aquitaine, July 1 1, 1412-July 22, 

1413 ; 

Justice of the Peace, East Riding, co. York ; 
Joint Keeper of the Castles, Manors, & Lands 

of the Earldom of Somerset, July 16, 141 2; 
Chief Captain of the Forces for Guienne, 

Aug. 141 2 ; 
Captain of the Castle of Hammes, [Jan. 29, 

1413]; 

High Steward of Chester, April 27, 1415 ; 

Captain of the Vanguard, (France), 1415 ; 
Guardian &: Lieutenant of England, Sept. 4, 

1416; 
Captain-General of Forces to relieve Harfleur, 

1416; 
Constable of the Army, (France), Aug. r, 141 7 ; 
Captain of the Town & Castle of Caen, 141 7 ; 
Captain of the Castle of Falaise, Feb. 16, 1418 ; 
Captain of 240 Lances & 720 Archers, 1418 ; 



From his effigy : after Schnebbelie, 
in Gough, II., pt. 2, p. 127. 



' Ille decus & decor militice.' 
— Gesta Henrici Quint i re- 
gis, p. 150. 



' Chault & fier chevalier.'-- 
G. Chastellain, Chron., 
p. 74. 



' Of Pryncehode he may here 
a floure, 
Though alle pryncys were i 

mete, 
Nexte the beste he myght be 
sette.' 

John Page, Siege of 
Rcuen, p. 7. 



Dl'KE. 



R. Pat. 4) 
m. 9. 

R. Pat. 3, 
m. 5. 

Ibid. 



R. Franc, 
m. 9. 
R. Franc, 
m 19. 

R. Franc, 
m. 20. 



R. Vase, 
m. 4. 



R. Pat. 2, 
m. 6. 



Wals. ii. 28 

R. Franc. 

m. 2. 

R. Pat. i, 

m. 27. 

Livius, 8. 
R. Pat. m. 



R. Norm. 
m. 2. 

Ibid. 
Livius, 31 



39* 



CLARENCE. 




From his seal, (1413)- 



Warden & Governor of Auge, Orbec, & Pont 

audemer, Feb. 27, 1418 ; 
Captain of Lonviers, (after June 22), 1418; 
Captain of Pont-de-lArche (after July 20), 

1418 ; 
Captain of Pontoise, (after Aug. 1), 1419; 
Captain of Honfleur ; 
Captain of Paris, July-Dec. 1420 ; 
Lieutenant in France & Normandy, Jan. 18, 

1421 ; 

in. Margaret de Holand, widow of John Beau- 
fort, ist Earl of Somerset, 141 1 ; 

killed at Beaugy, March 22, 142 1. 



Arms— Quarterly, I & 4, Azure, 3 fleurs de lys or, 2 & 1, (France modern) ; 
2 & 3, Gules, 3 lions or, (England), a label of 3 points ermine. 

Crest— On a chapeau turned up with ermine, a lion statant gardant, crowned or, 
gorged with a label as the shield. 

Supporters — 

Badges — 1. A greyhound, gorged with a plain collar. 

2. An ostrich feather charged with 13 ermine-spots, & having a small 
scroll in front of the lower part of the quill. 



Dukes. 
R. Norm. 



R. Norm, 
m. 17. 



R. Norm. 3, 
m. 17, d. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



1 46 1. 



George Plantagenet, 6th son of Richard, Duke of York : Duke of 

Clarence, Earl of Warwick & Salisbury, &: Lord 
of Richmond. 

B. Oct. 21, 1449; 

st. Lord George, [1460] ; 

Knight of the Bath, June 27, 1461 ; 

cr. Duke of Clarence, June, 1461 ; 

K.G., 1 46 1 ; 

Lieutenant of Ireland, Feb. 28, 1462-March 23, 

1470 ; 
Lord of the Honour of Richmond, Sept. 20, 

1462 ; 
Privy Councillor, [Nov. 2, 1462] ; 
Joint Lieutenant for King Henry VL, 1470 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in cos. Cambridge, 

Huntingdon, Norfolk, Suffolk. Essex, & 

Hertford, Dec. 28, 1470 ; 



' A goodly & well-featured 
Prince.' — More, (Grafton's 
text), p. 468. 

'A goodly noble Prince.' — 
More, (Rastalt's text), p. 7. 



Pat. 


5, m. 16 


Pat. 


2, m. 21 


Ibid 


m. 3. 


Cott 


. Chart. 


xvn. 


11. 


Pat. 


m. 1, d 



CLARENCE. 



399 




From MS. Hahl., 521. 

Quarterly, France modern, 
& England, a label of 3 
points argent, each charged 
with a canton gules. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules, 
lined ermine, a lion statant 
crowned or, gorged with a 
label as above. 



Supporters — Two bulls 
sable, armed, unguled, & 
tufted or. 



Badge— A bull passant sable, 
armed, unguled, & mem- 
bered or, gorged with a 
label as the shield. 

2. A gorget of chain extended 
argent, edges & 3 clasps or, 
lined gules. 



Chief Commissioner of Array in South Wales, & 

the Marches, Jan. 30, 147 1 ; 
a Commissioner to treat with France, Feb. 13, 

M7 1 ; 
Lieutenant of Ireland, Feb. 28, 147 1; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in co. Hereford, 

March 25, 147 1 ; 
succ. {jure t/xorts), as Earl of Warwick & 

Salisbury, April 15, 1471 ; 
Councillor to the Prince of Wales, July 8, 

1471 ; 

cr. Earl of Warwick, March 25, 1472 ; 

cr. Earl of Salisbury, March 25, 1472 ; 

Great Chamberlain of England, May 20, 1472; 

Joint Administrator, Guardian, & Special Coun- 
cillor to the Prince of Wales, Feb. 20, 1473; 

Commander of 120 Men at Arms & 1,000 
Archers, (King's Army in France), June- 
Aug., 1475 ; 

Constable of Queenborough Castle ; 

Justice of the Peace for cos. Cumberland, 
York, Norfolk, Suffolk, Sussex, Bucking- 
ham, Berks, Oxford, Somerset, Dorset, 
Wilts, Essex, Devon, Hants, Herts, Surrey, 
Derby, Nottingham, Stafford, Warwick, 
Hereford, Salop, & Worcester ; 

vi. Lady Isabel Neville, eldest d. of Richard, 
Earl of Warwick &* Salisbury, July 11, 
1469 ; 

executed in the Tower, Feb. 18, 1478. 




+ 



+ 



Duke. 
Pat. m. 1, d. 

R. Franc, 
m. 4. 



Ibid. m. 8, d. 



MS. Sloane, 
3479- 

Pat. 

Pat. 1, m. 5. 

Pat. 2, m. 
21. 



Dugd. ii. 
164. 



i 7 S 9 . 




After J. Hoppner, (1792). 



Feb. 1, 1793; 
April 12, 1794; 

April 12, 1794; 
June i, 1795; 



William Henry, 3rd son of King George III. : Duke of Clarence 

& St. Andrews, & Earl of Munster. 

B. Aug. 21, 1765; 

st. Prince William Henry, 1 765-1 7S9 ; 

K.T., ^ April 5, 1770; 

Midshipman, R.N., May, 1779; 

K.G., April 19, 1782 ; 

Lieutenant, R.N., June 17, 1785 ; 

First Lieutenant, March 17, 1786; 

Post Captain, April 10, 1786 ; 

cr. Earl of Munster, & Duke of Clarence & 

St. Andrews, May 20, 1789 ; 
Privy Councillor, June 23, 17S9 ; 
Rear Admiral of the Blue, Dec. 3, 1790 ; 
Rear Admiral of the Red, 
Vice Admiral of the Blue, 
Vice Admiral of the White, 
Vice Admiral of the Red, 
Ranger of Bushey Park ; 
Admiral of the Blue, Feb. 14, 1799; 
Admiral of the White, Jan. 1, 1801 ; 
Colonel, Royal Spelthorne Legion of Volunteers, 

Aug. 31, 1803 ; 
Admiral of the Red, Nov. 9, 1 805 ; 
Captain-Commandant, Royal Spelthorne Troop 

of Yeomanry, Dec. 8, 1806 ; 
Admiral of the Fleet, Dec. 24, 181 1 ; 
Knight of the Holy Ghost of France, 

1814 ; 
G.C.B., April 12, 1815 ; 
G.C.H., Aug. 12, 1815; 
Ranger of Greenwich Park ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, (by diploma), 

1816; 
General of Marines, March 17, 1823 
Lord High Admiral of Great Britain, 

1827-Sept. 19, 1828 ; 
Acting Great Master of the Order of the Bath, 

Nov. 14, 1827 ; 
an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 182,8 ; 



Duke. 



April 24, 



Oct. 18, 



May 10, 



CLARENCE. 



I 



IV., 



Knight of St. Andrew, of Russia ; 
Knight of the Black .Eagle, of Prussia ; 
a Vice President of St. George's Hospital ; 
a Vice Patron of the Royal Asiatic Society 
succ. to the Crown as King William 
June 26, 1S30 ; 

m. H.S.H. Princess Amelia Adelaide Louisa 
T/ieresa Caroline, eldest d. of George Frede- 
rick Charles, Duke of Saxe Mciningcn, 
July n, 1 818 ; 

d. June 20, 1837. 



401 



Duke. 




Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., England ; II., Scotland ; III., Ireland. In the 
centre, an escutcheon gules, 2 iions passant gardant or, (Brunswick) ; impal- 
ing or, semee of hearts gules a lion rampant azure, (Lunenburg) ; having 
grafted in base, gules, a horse coursant argent, (Old Saxony). Over all, a 
label of 3 points argent, the dexter & sinister thereof charged with an anchor 
azure, & the centre one with a Greek cross gules. 

Crest— A lion statant gardant or, crowned with a coronet, & charged on the 
breast with a label as above. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion crowned or, charged on the breast with a label as 
above. Sinister, a unicorn argent, armed, maned, crined, & unruled or, 
gorged with a collar & chain reflexed of the last, & charged on the breast 
with a label as above. 

Motto— Quo pax et gloria ducunt. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



VOL. T. 



3 F 



402 



CLARENDON. 



CLARENDON. 



Earls. 



HYDE. 



1 66 1. Edward 




After Sir P. Lely. 



Hyde I., son of Henry Hyde, Esq. : Earl of Clarendon, 
Viscount Cornbury, & Baron Hyde of Hindon. 

B. Feb. 18, 1609 ; 

educ. Magdalen Hall, Oxford ; 

B.A., of Oxford, 1625 ; 

student, Middle Temple, 1625 ; 

Barrister, (Middle Temple), Nov. 22, 1633; 

Keeper of the Writs & Rolls of the Common 

Pleas, Dec, 1634 ; 
M.P., Wotton Basset, 1640 ; 
M.P., Saltash, 1640-1649; 
Under-Treasurer of the Exchequer, July 19, 

1642 ; 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, Feb. 22, 1643- 

May 13, 1660 ; 
Knight, (by King Charles I.), Feb. 22, 1643 > 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 22, 1643 ; 
Councillor to the Prince of Wales, 1644-1649; 
Joint Commissioner for King Charles I., (Con- 
ference of Uxbridge), Jan. 28, 1645 ; 
Joint Ambassador Extraordinary to Madrid, 

Sept. 1649-March, 1651 ; 
Secretary of State, 1 653-1 65 7 ; 
Lord High Chancellor of England, Dec, 

1657-Aug. 30, 1667 ; 
First Commissioner of the Treasury, June 19- 

Sept. 8, 1660; 
a Commissioner of Trade, June 19, 1660; 
High Steward of Cambridge, June 19, 1660 ; 
a Councillor for the Colonies, Oct. 25, 1660 ; 
cr. Baron Hyde of Hindon, Nov. 3, 1660 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Jan. 22, 1661 ; 



Walkley, 

p. 4. 



Pat. 



Dom. xix. 
45- 





CLARENDON. 4 o 3 




Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Jan. 


Earls. 




1661-Dec. 7, 1667 ; 






cr. Viscount Cornbury, & Earl of Clarendon, 






April 20, 1 66 1 ; 






Ranger of Wichwood Forest, Aug. 17, 1661 ; 


Pat. 12. 




First Commissioner to treat for sale of Dunkirk, 






Sept. 1, 1662 ; 


Dom. lix. I. 




Lord Lieutenant, co. Oxford, June 19, 1663 ; 
Lord High Steward of England, for trial of 


Pat. 18, d. 


l666. — 'I am mad in love 


Lord Morley& Monteagle, April 12, 1666; 


Pat. 3. 


with my Lord Chancellor, 


High Steward of the Manor of Woodstock, 




for he do comprehend, & 


Aug. xo, 1666 ; 


Pat. 7. 


speak out well, & with the 
greatest easiness & authority 


Lord Lieutenant, co. Wilts, June 18-Sept., 




that ever I saw man in my 


1667 ; 


Pat. 2, d. 


life.' — S. Pepys, Diary, 






PP- 330- 33 i- 


m. (1) Anne, d. of Sir George Ay life, Knt, 
{about) 1630 ; 

m. (2) Frances, d. &° h. of Sir Thomas Ayles- 
bury, Knt. &* Bart., July 10, 1634 ; 
d. at Rouen, Dec. 9, 1674. 




1674. Henry Hyde I., 


/ /sl/V r*~^i vv 1 " ^~^ 

son of Edward I. (2) : Earl of Clarendon, Vis- 
count Cornbury, & Baron Hyde of Hindon. 
B. June 2, 1638 ; 

st. Hon. Henry Hyde, 1660-166 i ; 
Keeper of two Walks in Cranborne Chace, 
Windsor Forest, Keeper of the Lodge & 
Woods, & Steward & Bailiff of Clewer, 






Nov. 26, 1 66c ; 


Pat. 38. 




M.A. of Oxford, {by diploma), Feb. 14, 1661 ; 




M. P., co. Wilts, 1661-1674; 






Knight of the Bath, April 19, 1661 ; 


Walker, 47. 


> 


3 F2 





4°4 



CLARENDON. 




After Sir P. Lely. 



st. Viscount Cornbury, 1 661-1674 ; 

justice of the Peace, cos. Oxford, Middlesex, & 

Wilts, 1 661 ; 
Private Secretary to the Queen, (Katharine of 

Braganza), 1662 ; 
Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, July 26, 1665; 
Custos Rotulorum, Co. Oxford, 1666 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Clarendon, Dec. 9, 1674; 
Hereditary Ranger of Wichwood Forest ; 
High Steward of Reading, 1674; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 8, 1680 ; 
Keeper of Denmark alias Somerset House, 

Jan. 14, 1680 ; 
Treasurer & Receiver-General of the Queen's 

Revenues, Jan. 23, 1680-1685 ; 
Joint Searcher of the Customs at Gravesend, 

Aug. 8, 1 681; 
F.R.S., Dec. 1, 1684; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Feb. 17, 16S5- 

March 11, 1687 ; 
High Steward of Salisbury, Feb. 27, 1685; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, July 21, 1685; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Oct. 1, 1685- 

Feb. 12, 1687 ; 
High Steward of the University of Oxford, 

Jan. 5, 1686; 
Councillor to the Queen, (Mary of Modena), 

[1687]; 

m. (1) Theodosia, 3rd d. of Arthur, Lord Cafe/, 
Jan., 1 66 1 ; 

m. (2) Flower (Backhouse), dowager-Lady Back- 
house, before 1676 ; 

d. Oct. 22, 1709. 



Earl. 



Dom. xlvii. 
116. 
Establ. Bk. 



Pat. 



Pat. 2, 



Wood, i. F. 

186. 



Angl. Not. 



CLARENDON. 



4°5 



Aug. 



Dec. 31, 



i 709. Edward Hyde II., son of Henry I. (1) : Earl of Clarendon, Viscount 

Cornbury, & Baron Hyde of Hindon. 
B. Dec, 1 66 1 ; 

st. Lord Cornbury, 1 674-1 709 ; 
Lieutenant- Colonel, ' Royal ' Regt. of Dragoons, 

Nov. 19, 1683 ; 
M.P., co. Wilts, 1685; 1689; & 1690-1695 ; 
Master of the Horse to Prince George of Den- 
mark, 1685-June 2, 1690; 
Page of Honour to King James II. at his 

Coronation, April 23, 1685; 
Colonel, 'Royal' Regt. of Dragoons, 

1685-Nov. 24, 16S8 ; 
Colonel, ' Royal ' Regt. of Dragoons, 

1688-June, 1689 ; 
M.P., Christchurch, 1695 '■> 1698 ; & 
Captain-General & Governor-in-Chief of New 

York, & New Jersey, Sept. 9, 1701-170S ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the Militia & Forces of 

Connecticut, & East & West Jersey, 

Sept. 9, 1 701 ; 
Vice Admiral of New York & East & West 

Jersey, Oct. 3, 1701-1708 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Clarendon, Oct. 22, 1709; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 13, 17 n ; 
Envoy Extraordinary to Hanover, May 30, 

1714; 

m. Catharine, d. of Henry, Lord O'Brien, son of 
Henry, ji/t Earl of Thomond, July 10, 1688; 

d. March 31, 1724. 



Earl. 




1701 



After a drawing in the Sutherland 
Cell. (Bodl. Lib.). 




Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 



Sandford. 



Pat. 2, d. 



Ibid. 

Mun. 
4i- 



Bk. 



406 



CLARENDON. 



1724. 



Henry Hyde II., cousin of Edward II. : Earl of Clarendon & 

Rochester, Viscount Cornbury, & Hyde of 
Kenilworth, Baron Hyde of Hindon & VVotton- 
Basset. 
B. 1672 ; 

educ. Eton, & Oxford ; 
st. Lord Hyde, 1682-1711 ; 
Guidon, & Major, 1st Troop of Horse Guards, 

March [19], 1692 ; 
M.P., Launceston, 1692 ; 1695 ; 1698 ; 1701; 

1701; 1702 ; 1705 ; 1708 ; & 1710-1711 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Oct. 7, 1700 ; 
Joint Vice-Treasurer, Receiver, & Paymaster- 
General for Ireland, Sept. 29, 17 10 ; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 19, 1710-Sept, 1714; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Rochester, May 2, 1 7 1 1 ; 
Ranger of Richmond Park, May, 1711-Oct. 3, 

1727 ; 
High Steward of the University of Oxford, 

June 14, 171 1 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Cornwall, Oct. 25, 1711- 

Sept., 1 7 14 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Clarendon, March 31, 

1724; 
Hereditary Ranger of Wichwood Forest ; 

m. Jane, sister of John Leveson, 1st Lord 
Gower, 1693 ; 

d. Dec. 10, 1753. 



1693. — ' My niece assures me 
that my Lord Hyde & his 
Lady make the finest couple 
she eversaw.' — J. Kendall, 
Hyde Corresp., II., p. 341. 



Earl. 



Luttrell, 
ii. 394. 



Arms — Quarterly, I. & IV., Azure, a chevron between 3 lozenges or, (Hyde) ; 
II., Paly of 6, or & gules, a bend azure, (Langford) ; III., Azure, a cross 
argent, (Aylesbury). 

Crest — On a wreath or & azure, an eagle with wings expanded sable. 

Supporters — Two eagles as in the crest, ducally crowned or, & ensigned each on 
the breast with a plain cross argent. 

Motto — Deus nobis m*:c otia fecit. 



+ 



+ 



CLARENDON. 



407 



VILLIERS. 

1776. Thomas Villiers I., 2nd son of William, Earl of Jersey: Earl of 

Clarendon, & Baron Hyde of Hindon ; Count 
of the Kingdom of Prussia. 

B. 1709; 

st. Hon. Thomas Villiers, 171 1 — 1756 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

Envoy Extraordinary to Warsaw, Oct. 14, 1737 ; 

Minister Plenipotentiary to Dresden, 1740- 

1747; 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Vienna, Dec. 20, 

1742-March, 1743; 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Cologne & Mentz, 

1743; 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Berlin, Jan. 3, 1746- 

Feb., 1748 ; 
M.P., Tamworth, 1747 ; & 1 754-1 756 ; 
a Lord of the Admiralty, Dec. 24, 1748 ; 
cr. Baron Hyde of Hindon, June 3, 1756 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick, July 6, 1758; 
Privy Councillor, Sept. 2, 1763 ; 
Joint Postmaster-General, Sept. 10, 1763 ; 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, June 14, 

1771-April, 1782 ; 
cr. Earl of Clarendon, June 14, 1776; 
cr. Count of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1782 ; 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Dec. 3 1 , 

1783; 
a Lord of Trade & Plantations, March 5, 
1 7 84- Aug. 23, 1786 ; 

vi. Lady Charlotte Caficl, gr.-d. of Henry, last 
Earl of Clarendon, March 30, 1752 ; 

d. Dec. 11, 1786. 




After T. Hudson. 




Earl. 



Gaz. 



408 



CLARENDON. 



17S6. Thomas Villiers II., son of Thomas I. : Earl of Clarendon, & 

Baron Hyde of Hindon ; Count of the King- 
dom of Prussia. 

B. Dec. 25, 1753; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

st. Lord Hyde, 17 76-1 786 ; 

M.P., Helston, 1781 ; & 1 784-1 786 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Clarendon, Dec. 11, 
1786 ; 

Captain, Western Troop of Hertfordshire Yeo- 
manry, Oct. 15, 1803 ; 

d. March 7, 1824. 



1824. John Charles Villiers, brother of Thomas 1 1. : Earl of Clarendon, 

& Baron Hyde of Hindon ; a Count of the 
Kingdom of Prussia. 

B. Nov. 14, 1757 ; 

st. Hon. John C. Villiers, 1757-1824 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1776 ; 

M.P., Old Sarum, 1 784-1 790 ; 

Joint King's Counsel in the Duchy Court of 
Lancaster, Nov. 30, 1785; 

Comptroller of the Household, Feb. 17,1787- 
Feb. 1, 1790 ; 

Privy Councillor, Feb. 19, 1787 ; 

Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal Forests, &c, 
North of Trent, Oct. 16, 1790; 

Prothonotary of the County Palatine of Lan- 
caster ; 

M. P., Dartmouth, 1790; 1796 ; & 1801-1802; 

Colonel, 1st Regt. of Fencible Cavalry, 
March 14, 1794 ; 

Colonel in the Army, (during service), March 14, 

1794 ; 
M.P., Wick Boroughs, 1 802-1 805 ; 
M.P., Quinborough, 1807-1812- & 1820-1824; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Clarendon, March 7, 

1824 ; 



Eari.s. 



1788. — ' His figure was tall & 
elegant, his features noble, 
& set off with a profusion 
of light hair.'— Sir N. W. 
WraxalI, Post. Mem. ,111., 
P- 79- 



CLARENDON. 



409 



1 -> 1 • 



cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, April 30, 18; 
m. Afar/a Eleanor, d. of Admiral Hon. John 
Forbes, Jan. 5, 1791 ; 

d. Dec. 22, 1838. 



Earls. 



1838. George William Frederick Villters, nephew of John Charles : 

Earl of Clarendon, & Baron Hyde of Hindon. 

B. Jan. 26, 1800 ; 

st. George VV. F. Villiers, Esq., 1 818-1837 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1820; 

Attache of Embassy at St. Petersburg, 1820 ; 

a Commissioner of the Excise, 1823-1833 ; 

Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipotentiary 

to Madrid, Aug. 16, 1833-Oct. 18, 1839 ; 
G.C.B., Oct. 19, 1837 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Clarendon, Dec. 22, 

183S ; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 3, 1840 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Jan. 15, 1840- 

■ }f^F;.Jr sept. 3 , 1841; 

I Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Oct. 31, 

1840-June 23, 1841 ; 
President of the Board of Trade, July 6, 1846- 

July 22, 1847 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, May 20, 1847- 

March 2, 1852 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 

May 26, 1 847-1 85 2 ; 
K.G., March 23, 1849 ; 
Secretary of State for the Foreign Department, 

Feb. 21, 1853-Feb. 26, 1858; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary 

to Congress of Paris, Feb. 15-April, 1856; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 4, 1856; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Prussia, for Coron. 

of King William I., Oct. 2, 1861 ; 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, April 8, 

T864; 

VOL. I. 3 G 




After C;itterscm Smith. 



410 



CLARENDON. 



Chancellor of the Queen's University of Ireland, 

Oct. 8, 1864 ; 
Secretary of State for the Foreign Department, 

Nov. 3, 1865-July 5, 1866 ; 
a Governor of Wellington College ; 
a Governor of Harrow School ; 
Secretary of State for the Foreign Department, 

Dec. 9, 1868; 
111. Lady Catherine Grimston, eldest d. of James 

Walter, Earl of Verulam, {widow of John 

Eorster Barham, Esq.), June 4, 1839 '> 

d. June 27, 1870. 



1870. Edward Hvde Villiers, son of George William Frederick : Earl of 

Clarendon, & Baron Hyde of Hindon. 

B. Feb. n, 1846; 

st. Lord Hyde, 1 846-1 870 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

B.A. of Cambridge, 1867 ; 

Deputy-Lieutenant, co. Warwick, April 27, 

1867; 
M.P., Brecknock, 1869-1870 ; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Clarendon, June 27, 1870; 
Captain, Herts Regt. of Yeomanry, July 17, 

1872; 
Lieut.-Colonel, do., July 19, 1879 ', 

m. Lady Caroline Elizabeth Agar, eldest d. of 
James Charles Herbert, yd Earl of 
Normanton, Sept. 6, 1876. 

Arms -r Argent, a cross gules charged with 5 escallops or; a crescent for difference. 

Crest — A lion rampant argent, ducally crowned or. 

Supporters — Two eagles, wings expanded & inverted sable, beaked, membered, 
& ducally crowned or, & charged on the breast with a plain cross, argent. 

Motto— Fidei coticula crux. 



Earls. 



CLE VELAND. 



411 



CLEVELAND. 

WENTWORTH. 

1626. Thomas Wentworth, son of Henry, 3rd Lord Wentworth : Earl of 

Cleveland, & Baron Wentworth of Nettlestead. 

B. 1592; 

succ. as 4th Baron Wentworth of Nettlestead, 

1593; 
Knight of the Bath, June 3, 1610 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Bedford. Jan. 8. 1619 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Bedford, May 5, 

1625 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Bedford & Middle- 
sex ; 
cr. Earl of Cleveland, Feb. 7, 1626; 
Commander under Duke of Buckingham, (Coast 

of France), 1627 ; 
Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 

(?) 1642-1643; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Royal Army), 

1642 ; 
Brigadier of Horse, (Royal Army), [1643]- 

Oct. 27, 1644; 
Privy Councillor, [Feb., 1650]; 
Captain of a Troop of Horse for King Charles 

II., 1660; 
Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 

June [20], 1660 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Bedford, July 26, 

1660 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Bedford, 1660 ; 
Member of the Society of the Inner Temple, 

Nov. 4, 166 1 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, Sept. 1, 1662- 

Sept., 1666 ; 




Earl, 

Duchess, 

Dukes. 



Walkley, 
124. 

Pat. 10, d. 



Pat. 3, d. 



Dugdale, 
ii. 310. 



After Van Dyck. 



Clarendon, 
S. Pr5. iii. 14. 



Walker. 



S. P. Dom. 
iv. 108. 



Pat. 
Pat. 



Ent. Bk. 4. 



3 G 2 



412 



CLE VELAND. 



in. (i) Anne, d. of Sir "folia Crofts, Knt., of 

Saxham, co. Suffolk ; {d. 1638); 

m. (2) Catherine, d. &> eo-h. of Sir John 
I Vent worth, Bart., of Gosfield ; 

d. March 25, 1667. 



Earl, 
Duchess. 




Arms — Sable, a chevron between 3 leopards' faces or, a crescent gules for difference. 

Crest — On a wreath or & sable, a griffin with wings elevated argent, membered & 
beaked gules, collared of the first & third. 

Supporters — Two griffins, as the crest. 

Motto— Pensez a bien. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



VILLIERS. 

Barbara Villiers. daughter of William, 1st Viscount Grandison : 

Duchess of Cleveland, Countess of Southamp- 
ton, & Baroness Nonsuch ; Countess of Castle- 
maine, in Ireland. 
B. before 1643 ; 

st. Countess of Castlemaine, 1661-1679 ; 
Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Catharine 

of Braganza, 1662; 
cr. Baroness Nonsuch, Countess of Southampton, 

& Duchess of Cleveland, Aug. 3, 1679 ; 
m. Roger Palmer, Esq., {cr. Earl of Castlemaine, 

1661); 

d. Oct. 9, 1709. 



1679. 



Arms— Or, 2 bars gules, each 
charged with 3 trefoils 
slipped of the field ; impal- 
ing argent, on a cross gules 
5 escallops or. 



CLEVELAND. 



4i3 



1709. Charles Fitz-Rov, nat. son of King Charles II. : Duke of Cleve- 
land & Southampton, Earl of Chichester & 
Southampton, Baron of Nonsuch & Newbury. 

B. June, 1662 ; 

st. Lord Limerick, 1662-1670; 

st. Earl of Southampton, Aug. 3, 1670-1675; 

K.G., April 1, 1673 ; 

cr. Baron of Newbury, Earl of Chichester, & 

Duke of Southampton, Sept. 10, 1675; 
educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, May 18, 1678 ; 
succ. as Duke of Cleveland, Oct. 9, 1709 ; 
succ. as Chief Butler of England, June 28, 1716; 
m. (1) Mary, d. &> h. of Sir Henry Wood, Ivnt.; 

(d. 1680); 

m. (2) Anne, d. of Sir William Pultncy, Knt., 
of Mist crto n, 1694; 

d. Sept. 9, 1730. 

1730. William Fitz-Roy, son of Charles (2) : Duke of Cleveland & 

Southampton, Earl of Chichester &: Southamp- 
ton, Baron of Nonsuch & Newbury. 

B. Feb. 19, 1698 ; 

st. Earl of Chichester, 1 698-1 730; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Cleveland, Sept. 9, 

173° ; 

Chief Butler of England ; 

Receiver-General of Profits of the Seals in the 

King's Bench & Common Pleas ; 
Comptroller of the Seal & Green Wax Offices ; 
;//. Lady Henrietta Finch, d. of Daniel, Earl of 

Winchelsca & Nottingham, 1731 ; (d. 

April, 1742); 

d. May 18, 1774. 

Arms— The Royal arms of King Charles II. : Quarterly, 1 & 4 grand quarters 
quarterly, France & England ; 2, Scotland ; & 3, Ireland ; over all a 
baston sinister, counter-compone, ermine & azure. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a lion passant gaidant or, crowned 
with a ducal coronet azure, & gorged with a collar counter-compone, ermine 
& azure. 



Dukes. 



4H 



CLEVELAND. 



Supporters— Dexter, a lion gardant or, crowned with a ducal coronet azure, & 
gorged with a collar, counter-compone, ermine & azure. Sinister, a grey- 
hound argent, collared as the dexter. 



Dukes. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



VANE. 

1S27. William Henry Vane, son of Henry, Earl of Darlington : Duke & 

Marquis of Cleveland, Earl of Darlington, 
Viscount & Baron Barnard of Barnard's Castle, 
& Baron Raby of Raby Castle. 
B. July 27, 1766; 

st. Viscount Barnard, 1 766-1 792 ; 
Lieutenant, Durham Regt. of Militia, May 24, 

1779 ; 

Captain, do., May 3, 1782; 

Major, do., Oct. 10, 1786; 

M.P., Winch elsea, 1790-1792 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Darlington, Sept. 8, 1 792 ; 
Colonel, Durham Regt. of Militia, Dec. 23, 

1792 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, & Vice-Admiral, co. Durham, 

(swn.), May 9, 1793 ; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), March 14, 

!794; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant, Durham Regt. 

of Fencible Cavalry, May 23, 1794; 
cr. Marquis of Cleveland, Oct. 5, 1827 ; 
Bearer of the Third Sword, Coron. of King 

William IV, Sept. 8, 1831 ; 
cr. Baron Raby of Raby Castle, & Duke of 

Cleveland, Jan. 29, 1833 ; 
K.G., April 17, 1839 ; 

m. (1) Lady Katherine Paulet, 2nd d. o° co-h. 
of Harry, last Duke of Bolton, Sept. 1 9, 
1787 ; (d. June 17, 1807); 

;;/. (2) Elizabeth, d. of Mr. Robert Russell, 
July 27, 1813 j 

d. Jan. 29, 1842. 



CLEVELAND. 



4i5 



184s 




After Sir G. Hayter. 



Henry Vane, son of William Henry (1) : Duke & Marquis of Cleve- 
land, Earl of Darlington, Viscount & Baron 
Barnard of Barnard Castle, & Baron Raby of 
Raby Castle. 

B. Aug. 16, 1788 ; 

st. Viscount Barnard, 1792-182 7 ; 

M.P., co. Durham, 1812-1816 ; 

Cornet, 7th ' Queen's Own ' Regt. of Hussars, 

July 6, 1815 j 
Lieutenant, do., May 22, 1S17 ; 

Lieutenant, 2nd Regt. of Life Guards, July 12, 

1817S 

M.P., Tregony, 1818 ; & 1S20-1826 j 
Captain, 60th Regt. of Foot, Oct. 22, 1818 ; 
Captain, 2nd Regt. of Life Guards, Dec. 12, 

1818; 
Major, 2nd Ceylon Regt, July 3, 1823 ; 
Major, 75th Regt. of Foot, Dec. 11, 1823 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, do., Sept. 23, 1824; 
M.P., Totnes, 1826-1830 ; 
st. Earl of Darlington, 1827-1842 ; 
M.P., Saltash, 1S30-1831 ; 
M.P., South Salop, 1832 ; 1835 ', l8 37 S & 

1841-1842 ; 
Colonel in the Army, June 28, 1838; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Cleveland, Jan. 29,1842 ; 
K.G., April 11, 1842 ; 
Colonel, Durham Regt. of Militia, May 16, 

1842; 
Major-General, Nov. n, 185 1 ; 
Lieutenant-General, Sept. 8, 1857 ; 
General in the Army, Oct. 23, 1863 ; 
111. Lady Sophia Poulett, d. of John, qth Earl 

Pouktt, Nov. 16, 1809; 

d. Jan. 18, 1864. 



1864. William John Frederick Powlett, brother of Henry : Duke & 

Marquis of Cleveland, Earl of Darlington, 
Viscount & Baron Barnard of Barnard Castle, 
& Baron Raby of Raby Castle. 



Dukes. 



416 



CLEVELAND. 



B. April 3, 1792 ; 

educ. Brasenose Coll., Oxford ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, June 10, 181 2 ; 

M.P., Winchelsea, 1812-1815 ; 

took the name of Powlett ; 

st. Hon. William J. F. Vane-Powlett, 181 5- 

1827; 
M. P., co. Durham, 1816 ; 1818; 1820; 1826; 

& 1830-1831 ; 
st. Lord William Vane-Powlett, 1827-1864; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Durham, June 4, 1831; 
M.P., St. Ives, 1846 j & 1847-1852 ; 
M.P., Ludlow, 1852-1857 ; 
succ. as 3rd Duke of Cleveland, Jan. 18, 

1864 ; 

;;;. Lady Caroline Lowlher, $t/i d. of William, 
Earl of Lonsdale, July 3, 1815; 

d. Sept. 6, 1864. 



Dukes. 



1864. H\rry George Powlett, brother of William John Frederick : Duke 

& Marquis of Cleveland, Earl of Darlington, 
Viscount & Baron Barnard of Barnard Castle, 
& Baron Raby of Raby Castle. 
B. April 19, 1803 ; 
educ. Oriel Coll., Oxford ; 
st. Lord Harry Vane, 1827-1864 ; 
B.A. of Oxford, Feb. 19, 1829 ; 
Attache' of Embassy at Paris, Feb. 26, 1829 ; 
Secietary of Legation at Stockholm, July 3, 

l8 39J 
M.P., South Durham, 1841 ; 1847 ; l8 5 2 ; & 

1S57-1S59; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Durham, Nov. 8, 1S52; 
M. P., Hastings, 1859-1864 ; 
succ. as 4th Duke of Cleveland, Sept. 6, 

1864 ; 
took the name of Powlett, Nov., 1864 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 4th Durham Battalion of Rifle 

Volunteers, Nov. 5, 1864 ; 



K.G., April 10, 1865 ; 

First Commissioner to inquire into property 
held by Universities of Oxford and Cam- 
bridge, Jan. 6, 1872 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 21, 1876 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Durham, June 27, 18S2 ; 

Catherine Lucy Wilhclmina {StanhoJ>e), 
dowager-Lady Dalmeny, Aug. 2, 1854. 



Duke. 



in. 



I 



Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Azure, 3 left-hand gauntlets or, (Vane) ; 2 & 3, The 
Royal arms of King Charles II., debruised by a baton sinister ermine, (Fitz- 
Roy, Duke of Cleveland). 

Crests — 1, A hand erect in armour, grasping a dagger proper, pomel & hilt gold, 
(Vane). 
2, On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a lion statant gardant or, ducally 
crowned azure, & gorged with a collar, counter compony ermine & 
azure, (Fitz-Roy). 

Supporters —Dexter, a lion gardant or, collared & crowned as the crest. Sinister, 
a greyhound argent, collared as the dexter, (Fitz-Roy, Duke of Cleveland), 
granted 1827. 

Motto— Nec temere, nec timide. 



VOL. I. 



3 h 



4i8 



CLTNTON. 



CLINTON. e arl . 

1722. Hugh Fortescue, son of Hugh Fortescue, Esq. : Earl Clinton, 

Baron Clinton, & Fortescue of Castlehill. 

B. 1696 ; 

st. Hugh Fortescue, Esq.. 1 7 14- 1 721 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Clinton, March 15, 

1721 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Devon, Aug. 9, 172-1- 

April 13, 1733 ; 
Custos Rotulorura, co. Devon, Aug. 10, 1721 

April 13, 1733; J ibid. 

Lord of the Bedchamber to George, Prince of 

Wales, [1725]; 
K.B., May 27, 1725 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 

July 24, 1727-April 13, 1733 ; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, April 25, 1728 ; 
cr. Baron Fortescue of Castlehill, & Earl 

Clinton, July 5, 1746 ; 

d. May 2, 1 75 1. 



Arms— Quarterly, I &4, Azure, abend engrailed argent, cottised or, (Fortescue) ; 
2 & 3, Argent, 6 cross crosslets, 3, 2, & 1, sable, on a chief azure, 2 mullets 
pierced or, (Clinton). 

Crest — On a wreath, a plain escutcheon argent. 

Supporters— Two greyhounds argent, ducally gorged or, with lines gules. 

Motto — Forte scutum salus ducum. 



+ 



COBHAM. 



419 



1 7 14. Richard Temple, 




After Vanloo. (N. P. Gall) 



' For nature, bountiful, in thee 
has joined 
A person pleasing, with a 

worthy mind, 
Nor given thee form alone. . . .' 

' Graceful in form, & winning 

in address.' 
W. Congreve, A Letter to 

. . . Viscount Cobham, 

1729. 



COBHAM. 

TEMPLE. 

son of Sir Richard Temple, Bart., K.B. : Vis- 
count & Baron Cobham of Cobham, & a 
Baronet. 
B. about 1669 ; 
Ensign, ' Prince George of Denmark's ' Regt. of 

Foot, June 30, 1685 ; 
succ. as 4th Baronet. May, 1697 ; 
High Steward of Buckingham ; 
M.P., Buckingham, 1697; 1698; 1701 ; & 

1701-1702 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Buckingham, [1701] ; 
Colonel, Regt. of Marines, Feb. 12, 1702 ; 
M.P., co. Buckingham, 1704; & 1705-1708 ; 
Brigadier-General, June 1, 1706; 
Lieutenant, & Custos Rotulorum, Town of 

Buckingham, April 12, 1703; 
M.P., Buckingham, 1708 ; & 1710-1714 ; 
Major-General, Jan. 1, 1709; 
Lieutenant-General, Jan. 1, 17 10; 
Colonel, 4th Regt. of Dragoons, April 24, 

1710; 
Envoy Extraordinary &: Plenipotentiary to 

Vienna, Oct. 15, 1714-May 30, 1715 ; 
cr. Baron Cobham of Cobham, Oct. 19, 17 14; 
Colonel, 'Royal' Regt. of Dragoons, June 26, 

1715-1721 ; 
Constable of Windsor Castle, & Keeper of the 

Forest, Parks, & Warrens, July 6, 1716- 

June 1, 1723 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 6, 17 16 ; 
cr. Viscount Cobham, May 23, 17 18 ; 
Commander of the Land Forces against Spain, 

Sept. 21-Oct. 27, [719 ; 
Colonel, (1st) 'King's Own' Regt. of Horse, 

April 10, 1 721-1733 ; 
3 h 2 



Viscount, 
Viscount- 
ess. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 1. 



Wan-. Bk. 
13. 



Ibid. 



420 



COBHAM. 



1739. — 'That thin decaying 
carcase of his contains a 
spirit that is surprising.' — 
Mrs. Delaney, Antobiog. 
&°c, II., p. 43. 



Governor & Captain of Jersey, June 1, 1723 ; 
a Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 

George II., Aug. 12, 1737 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Buckingham, Jan. 30, 1728; 
General in the Army, Oct. 27, 1735 ; 
a Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital, [1737]; 
Colonel, 1 st Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards, 

Dec. 25, 1741-Aug, 1744; 
Field Marshal, July 10, 1742 ; 
Colonel, 5th Regt. of Horse, (now Dragoon 

Guards), Aug. 5, 1744; 
Colonel, 10th Regt. of Dragoons, June 1, 

1745 5 

m. Anne, d. of Edmund Halsey, Esq., of South- 
ivark ; 

d. Sept. 13, 1749. 




Viscount, 
Viscount- 
ess. 



Arms— Quarterly, 1 & 4, Or, an eagle displayed sable, (Temple); 2 & 3, Argent, 
2 bars sable, each charged with 3 martlets or, (Temple). 

Crest — On a ducal coronet, a martlet close or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion parti per fess or & gules. Sinister, a horse argent, 
seme of eagles displayed sable. 

Motto— Templa quam dilecta. 



1749. Hester Grenville, sister of Richard: Viscountess & Baroness 

COBHAM Of COBHAM. 

B. before 1695 ; 

succ. as Viscountess Cobham, Sept. 13, 1749 ; 
cr. Countess Temple, Oct. 18, 1749 ; 
m. Richard Gretmille, Esq., of Wootton, 17 10 ; 

d. Oct. 7, 1752; 



see title Temple. 



COMBERMERE. 



421 



COMBERMERE. 



COTTON. 

1 8 14. Stapleton Cotton, son of Sir Robert Salisbury Cotton, Bart. : Vis- 
count Combermere of Bhurtpore & Comber- 
mere, Baron Combermere of Combermere, & a 
Baronet. 

B. Nov. 14, 1773; 

educ. Westminster ; 

Second Lieutenant, 23rd (Royal Welsh) Regt. 

of Fusiliers, May 26, 1790; 
Captain, 6th Regt. of Dragoon Guards, (Cara- 

biniers), Feb. 28, 1793 ; 
Major, 59th Regt. of Foot, April 28, 1794 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 25 th Regt. of Light 

Dragoons, {dated) March 9, 1794 ; 
Colonel in the Army, Jan. 1, 1800 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, i6th('The Queen's') Regt. 

of Light Dragoons, Feb. 14, 1800 ; 
Brigadier-General, Feb. 11, 1S04; 
Major-General, Oct. 30, 1805 ; 
M.P., Newark, 1806 ; 1807 ; & 1S12-1814; 
succ. as 6th Baronet, Aug. 24, 1S09 • 
Commander of the Cavalry, British Army in 

the Peninsula, April 22, i8n-April ; 1814; 
Lieutenant-General, Jan. 1, 181 2; 
K.B., Aug. 18, 1812 ; 
Colonel, 20th Regt. of Light Dragoons, 

Jan. 27, 18135 
Knight Grand Cross of the Tower & Sword, of 

Portugal, March n, 18 13 ; 
Knight Grand Cross of St. Ferdinand, of Spain; 
Knight Grand Cross of Charles III., of Spain ; 
cr. Baron Combermere of Combermere, 

May 17, 1814 ; 
Commander of the Cavalry, British Army in 

France, July, 1815-1816 ; 




After Mrs. C. Pearson. 



Viscounts. 



422 



COMBER ME RE. 



Governor of Barbadoes, & Commander-in-Chief j viscount. 

in the West Indies, Dec. 21, 1816 ; 
G.C.H., 1817 ; 
Colonel, 3rd ('King's Own') Regt. of Light 

Dragoons, Jan. 25, 1821; 
Governor of Sheerness, Jan. 25, 1821 ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in Ireland, 

Oct 25, 1822-March 24, 1S25 ; 
Privy Councillor, of Ireland, Nov. 21, 1822 ; 
Commander-in-Chief in the East Indies, 

March 14, 1825-1829 ; 
General in the Army, May 27, 1825 ; 
cr. Viscount Combermere of Bhurtpore & 

COMBERMERE, Feb. 8, 1 82 7 J 

Colonel, 1 st Regt. of Life Guards, & Gold 

Stick, Sept. 16, 1829 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 23, 1830; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 15, 1834; 
rec. the Silver War Medal, with 3 clasps, 1849 ; 
Constable of the Tower of London, Oct. n, 

1852; 
Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets, Oct., 

1852 ; 
Field Marshal, Oct. 2, 1855 ; 
Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India, 

Aug. 19, 1 86 1 ; 

(1) Lady Anna Maria Pel ham- Clinton, 
eldest d. of Thomas, yd Duke of Newcastle, 
Jan. 1, 1S01 ; (d. May 31, 1807); 

(2) Caroline, 2nd d. of William Fulke 
Greville, Esq., June 22, 18 14 ; 

(3) Alary, d. e^ //. of Thomas Gibbins, Esq., 
M.D., Oct. 2, 1S38; 

d. Feb. 21, 1865. 



m. 



m 



m. 




COMBER MERE. 



4 2 3 



1S65. Wellington Henry Stapleton-Cotton, son of Stapleton (2) : Vis- 
count Combermere of Bhurtpore & Comber- 
mere, Baron Combermere of Combermere, & a 
Baronet. 

B. Nov. 24, 181S; 

st. Hon. Wellington H. Stapleton-Cotton, 

1818-1865 ; 
educ. Eton ; 
Cornet, 7th (' Queen's Own ') Regt. of Hussars, 

Oct. 21, 1S37 ; 
Cornet & Sub-Lieutenant, 1st Regt. of Life 

Guards, Oct. 21, 1837 j 
Lieutenant, do., May 18, 1841 ; 

Captain, do., Dec. 29, 1846 ; 

M.P., Carrickfergus, 1847; & 1852-1857 ; 
Major, (unattached), Feb. 22, 1850 ; 
Secretary to the Master-General of the Ordnance, 

1852; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Chester, Oct. 1, 1852 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, May 16, 

1857; 
Colonel in the Army, Dec. 15, 1861 ; 
succ. as 2nd Viscount Combermere, Feb. 21, 

1865; 

in, Susan Alice, eldest d. of Sir George Sitivell, 
Bart., July 29, 1S44. 



Viscount. 



ARMS— Quarterly, 1 & 4, Azure, a chevron between 3 hanks of cotton argent, & 
pendent from a ribbon a representation of the War-cross & clasps of service, 
(Cotton) ; 2 & 3, Argent, a lion rampant sable, (Stapleton). 

Crests— 1, A falcon, wings expanded & inverted proper, beaked, membered, & 
belled or, holding in the dexter claw part of a belt proper, buckle 
gold, (Cotton). 

2, (Of augmentation), On a mount vert, a dragoon of the 20th regiment 

mounted on a black horse, & in the act of charging. Above him, 
the word SALAMANCA. 

3, Out of a ducal coronet or, a Saracen's head couped at the shoulders 

affronte, wreathed round the temples argent & sable, (Stapleton). 

Supporters — Two falcons, wings expanded & inverted proper, beaked, membered 
& belled or, murally gorged gules. 

Motto — In utraque fortuna paratus. 



424 



CONING SB Y. 



CONINGSBY. 



Earl. 

Countess. 



CONINGSBY. 



1716. Thomas Coningsby, son of Humphrey Coningsby, Esq. : Earl of 

Coningsby, & Baron Coningsby of Coningsby ; 
Baron Coningsby of Clanbrassil, in Ireland. 

B. before 1659 ; 

st. Thomas Coningsby, Esq., [i679]-i6c;2 ; 

M.P., Leominster, 1679 ; 1681 ; 1685 ; 16S9; 

1690 ; 1695 ; 1698 ; & 1701 ; 
Joint Receiver & Paymaster-General of the 

Forces for reduction of Ireland, June, 

169O ; Signet Bk. 

One of the Lords Justices of Ireland, Sept. 4, 

1690-March 18, 1692 ; 
cr. Baron Coningsby of Clanbrassil, in Ireland, 

April 17, 1692 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 13, 1693 ; 
M. P., Leominster, 1701 ; 1702; 1705; 1708; 

1710 ; 1713; & I 7 I 5~ I 7i6 ; 
Vice Treasurer, & Paymaster- General of the 

Forces in Ireland, 1704 ; 
Privy Councillor of Ireland, Oct. 7, 17 14 ; 
Steward of Mellenith & the Royal Manors in 

co. Hereford, Nov. 3, 17 14 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Hereford, Nov. 5, 1714- 

Aug., 1 72 1 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Hereford, Nov. 27, 1714; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Radnor, Dec. 16, 1714- 

Aug., 1 721; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Radnor, Dec. 18, 1714; 
cr. Baron Coningsby of Coningsby, June 18, 

1716; 
cr. Earl of Coningsby, April 30, 17 19 ; 
High Steward of Hereford ; 

m. (1) Barbara, d. of Ferdinando Gorges, Esq.; 



CONING SB Y. 



425 



m (2) Lady Frances Jones, d. of Richard, Earl 
of Ranelagh, 1697 ; (d. Feb. 19, 1715) .• 

d. May 1, 1729. 



Arms — Gules, 3 conies sejant argent. 

Crest — In a ducal coronet or, 5 ostrich feathers, & on the plume thereof a cony- 
sejant, all argent. 

Supporters— Two lions gules, each charged on the shoulder with 3 billets, & 
ducally crowned or. 

Motto— Vestigia nulla retrorsum. 



17 1 7. Margaret Coningsby, daughter of Thomas (2) : Countess of Con- 

ingsby, Viscountess & Baroness Coningsby of 
Hampton Court. 

B. after 1697 ; 

st. Hon. Margaret Coningsby, [17 17] ; 

cr. Baroness & Viscountess Coningsby of 

Hampton Court, (co. Hereford), Jan. 26, 

1717 ; 
succ. as Countess of Coningsby, May 1, 1729; 

in. Sir Michael Newton, K.B., April n, 1730; 

d. June 11, 1 761. 



+ 



+ 



VOL I. 



3 1 



Earl, 

Countess. 



426 



CONN A UGHT. 



CONNAUGHT. 



1874. Arthur William Patrick Albert, 3rd son of Queen Victoria : 

Duke of Connaught & Strathearn, & Earl 
of Sussex ; Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke 
of Saxony, & Prince of Coburg & Gotha. 

B. May 1, 1850 ; 

st. H.R.IL Prince Arthur, 1850-1874; 

K.G., May, 1867 ; 

Lieutenant, Royal Engineers, June 19, 1868; 

Lieutenant, Royal Artillery, Nov. 2, 1868 ; 

K.P., March 30, 1869; 

Knight Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. 

George, April 16, 1870 ; 
Captain, ' Prince Consort's Own ' Rifle Brigade, 

May 1, 187 1 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 16, 1871 ; 
Hon. Colonel, London Irish Batt. of Rifle 

Volunteers, June 30, 1871 ; 
Knight of the Black Eagle, of Prussia, Jan. 1 8, 

1872 ; 
Hon. Colonel, Royal East Kent Regt. of Yeo- 
manry, April 26, 1873 ; 
Captain, 7th 'Queen's Own' Regt. of Hussars, 

May 1, 1874 ; 
cr. Earl of Sussex, & Duke of Connaught & 

Strathearn, May 28, 1874 ; 
Major of Brigade to Cavalry, (Aldershot Camp), 

1875; 
Hon. Colonel, Isle of Wight Regt. of Artillery 

Militia, July 24, 1875 ; 
Major, 7th 'Queen's Own' Regt. of Hussars, 

Aug. 7, 1S75 ; 
Knight Grand Cross of Charles III., of Spain, 

May, 1876 ; 



Duke. 



CONN A UGHT. 



427 



Arms— 1. & iv., England; 
11., Scotland; hi., Ire- 
land. In the centre, an 
escutcheon barry of 10 or & 
sable, a crown of rue in 
bend vert, (Saxony). Over 
all, a label argent, the dexter 
& sinister points charged with 
a heart, & the centre, with a 
Greek cross, all gules. 

Crest — On a coronet, com- 
posed of crosses patee & 
fleurs de lys, a lion statant 
gardant, crowned with a like 
coronet, or, & charged on the 
breast with a label as the 
shield. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion 
crowned or ; Sinister, a uni- 
corn argent, armed, maned, 
crined, & unguled or, gorged 
with a collar & chain reflexed 
of the last ; both charged on 
the breast with a label as 
above. 



Personal Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, May 26, 

1876; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 1st Battalion, 'Prince Con- 
sort's Own' Rifle Brigade, Sept. 27, 1876; 
Extra Grand Commander of the Star of India, 

Jan. 1, 1877 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 3rd Brandenburg, ('Ziethen') 

Regt. of Hussars, (Prussian Army), Dec. 

9, 1878; 
Ranger of Epping Forest, March 31, 1S79 ; 
Grand Cross of the Redeemer, of Greece, 

May 5, 1879; 
Colonel in the Army, May 29, 1880; 
Major General, May 29, 1880; 
Colonel in Chief, 'Prince Consort's Own' Rifle 

Brigade, May 29, 18S0 ; 
Hon. Major-General in the German Army, 

June, 1880; 
a Bencher of Gray's Inn, July 4, 1881 ; 
Major- General, Commanding Brigade of Guards, 

(Egypt), Aug.,-Sept, 1S82; 
Hon. Colonel, 13th Regt. of Bengal Lancers, 

Oct. 6, 18S2 j 
C.B., Nov. 17, 1882; 
Knight, Second Class of the Medjidie, (of 

Turkey), Nov. 17, 1882; 
Knight of the Order of Merit, of Prussia, Nov., 

1882; 
received the Egyptian War-Medal, Nov. 21, 

1882; 
Colonel, ' Scots ' Regt. of Foot Guards, June 

24, 1S83 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 7th Regt. of Bengal Native In- 
fantry, Sept. 1, 1S83 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 29th (' 2nd Biluch ') Regt. of 

Bombay Native Infantry, Sept. 1, 1883 ; 

in. the Princess Louise Margaret Alexandra 
Victoria Agnes, yd d. of H.R.H. Prince 
Frederick Charles of Prussia, March 13, 
1879; 

I 
3 1 2 



Duke. 



428 



CONWA Y 



CONWAY. 



CONWA Y. 



j 624, Edward Conway, son of Sir John Conway, Knt. : Viscount Conway 

of Conway Castle, & Baron Conway of Ragley , 
Viscount Conway of Killutagh, in Ireland. 

B. before 1576 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, April, 1596 ; 
Knight, (by Earl of Essex), June 27, 1596 ; 
Lieutenant-Governor of the Brill, [July 12, 1599] 

-Nov., 1609 , 
Joint Constable & Keeper of Calshot Castle, 

July 21, 1603 ; 
Commander of the English Forces in the 

Netherlands ; 
Joint Commissioner to inspect the fortresses, 

stores, & troops in Jersey, March 21, 161 7; 
Joint Ambassador Extraordinary to Prague, 

June, 1620 ; 
Privy Councillor, June 28, 1622 ; 
Joint Treasurer of War ; 
Secretary of State, Jan. 16, 1623; 
M.P., Evesham, 1624; 

cr. Baron Conway of Ragley, March 24, 1624; 
a Commissioner of the Council of War, May, 

1624; 
Captain & Governor of the Isle of Wight, & 

Carisbroke Castle, Dec. 18, 1624 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Hants, May 9, 1625 ; 
Vice Admiral, co. Hants ; 
cr. Viscount Conway of Killultagh, (in Ireland), 

March 15, 1626 ; 
Member of the permanent Council of War, 

May 3, 1626 ; 
cr. Viscount Conway of Conway Castle, 

June 6, 1627 ; 



Viscounts, 

Earl, 

Barons. 



S. P. Dom. 
cclxxi. 86. 



Pat. 6. 

Dom. 1628, 
xci. 85. 

Dom. xli. 3. 

Signet Bk. 
Dom. cxxxi. 



S. P. Dom. 
cxxxvi. 27. 
Willis, iii. 



Signet Bk. 

Pat. 15. 
Pat. 3, d. 



Dom. xxvi. 
33- 



CON IV A V. 



429 



Lord President of the Council, Dec. 14, 1628; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Warwick & Middle- 
sex ; 

in. (1) Dorothy, {Mrs. Bray), d. of Sir John 

Tracy, Knt. ; 
m. (2) Kathcrine, {Mrs. Fusse), d. of Giles 

Hueriblock, of Ghent, before Dec. 30, 

1619; 

d. Jan. 3, 1 63 1. 




1628. 



Edward Conway II., son of Edward I. (1) : Viscount Conway of 

Conway Castle, & Baron Conway of Ragley ; 
Viscount Conway of Killultagh, in Ireland. 

B. before 1593 ; 

st. Edward Conway, Esq., [1618] ; 

Knight, (by King James I.), March 25, 1618 ; 

Captain of Foot, (Holland), [June 16, 1623]; 

M.P., Warwick, 1624-1625 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Lord Willoughby's Regt. of 

Foot, (Holland), June, 1624; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, [Aug. 14], 1625 ; 
summ. to Park, as Baron Conway of Raglev, 

April 23, 1628 ; 
succ. as 2nd Viscount Conway, Jan. 3, 163 1 ; 
Captain, Avith the Fleet, June-Oct., 1635 ; 
. Captain of Foot, (Ireland), [1638] ; 

Captain, Troop of Carabiniers, (Ireland), Oct., 

1638; 
Privy Councillor of Ireland, [1639] ; 
Marshal of the Army in Ireland, Dec. 6, 1639; 
Captain, ' Ormond's ' Regt. of Horse, (Ireland), 

April, 1640 ; 




After Van Dyck. 



YlSCOUNTS. 



MS. Wood, 

B.Q. 

Strafford, 
i. 17. 
Willis, iii. 



Dom. clxviii. 
P. C. Reg. 



Dom. cexc. 

25- 



Strafford, ii. 
22b. 



43° 



CONWA Y. 



General of the Horse, (against the Scots), 

April, 1640 ; 
Member of the Assembly of Divines, June 7, 

1643; 
;;/. Frances, d. of Sir Francis Popham, Knt., of 
Littlccoie, co. Somerset, about Oct., 162 1 \ 

d. (at Paris), 1655. 




i655- 



Edward Conway III., son of Edward II. : Earl of Conway, Viscount 

Conway of Conway Castle & Killultagh, & Baron 
Conway of Ragley. 

B. about 1623 ; 

succ. as 3rd Viscount Conway, 1655 5 

Captain of a Troop of Horse, (Ireland), Dec. 12, 

1660 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Warwick, 1661 ; 
Joint Commissioner to examine the War Ac- 
counts, Dec. 22, 1 66 1 ; 
Constable & Governor of Charlemont Fort, 

April 19, 1672 ; 
Governor, cos. Armagh, Tyrone, Monaghan, & 

part of Down, April 19, 1672; 
Joint Commissioner of Customs & Subsidies, 

(Ireland), Oct. 18, 1673-Dec. 7, 1675; 
Lieutenant-General of the Horse, (Ireland), 

March 20, 1674 ; 
cr. Earl of Conway, Dec. 3, 1679 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Warwick, Jan. 23, 1681 ; 
Secretary of State for the Northern Department, 

Jan. 31, 1681-Jan. 29, 1683 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 2, 1681 ; 



Viscounts. 



C. Journ. iii. 
119. 



Earl. 



Carte MSS. 
xli. 165. 
Pat. 31, d. 



Pat. 2. 



Lascelles, li. 
132- 



Ibid. 



Pat. 6. 



CONWA K 



43i 



m. (1) Anne, 2nd d. of Sir Heneage Finch, Knt.; 
m. (2) Elizabeth Booth, eldest d. of George, Lord 

Detainer ; 
m. (3) Ursula, d. of Colonel ffihn St aw ell ; 

d. Aug. 11, 1683. 




Arms— Sable, on a bend cottised argent, a rose gules, seeded vert, between 2 an- 
nulets of the field. 

Crest— Out of a wreath, a Moor's head & bust in profile couped proper, wreathed 
about the temples argent & azure. 

Supporters — Two Moors proper, wreathed about the temples or & sable, habited 
in a tunic or, with green & red feathers hanging round the waists & shoulders, 
their buskins gilded ; & each resting the exterior hand on a curved shield 
azure, the Dexter one charged with a sun in splendour or, the Sinister, with a 
crescent argent. 

Motto— Fide et amore. 



Earl, 

Baijon. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



I 7°3- 



SEYMOUR. 

Edward Seymour-Conway, 2nd son of Sir Edward Seymour, Bart. : 

Baron Conway of Ragley ; Baron Conway of 
Killultagh, in Ireland. 

B. May 28, 1679 \ 

heir to Edward, Earl of Conway, 1683 ; 
took the name of Conway, after Seymour ; 
cr. Baron Conway of Ragley, March 17, 1703; 
cr. Baron Conway of Killultagh, (in Ireland), 

June 28, 1703 ; 
Privy Councillor of Ireland, Oct. 17, 1727; 
Governor of Carrickfergus, Aug., 1728; 



432 



CON WAY. 



vi. (i) Lady Mary Hyde, d. of Laurence, Earl 

of Rochester, Feb. 9, 1704; 
m. (2) Jane Bowdcn, of Drogheda ; (d. Feb. 13, 

1714) ; 

m. (3) Charlotte, d. of Sir John Shorter, Knt., 
July, 171S; 

d. Feb. 3, 1732. 



1732. Francis Seymour Conway, son of Edward, (3) : Baron Conway 

of Ragley; Baron Conway of Killultagh, in 
Ireland. 
B. 1719 ; 
educ. Eton ; 
succ. as 2nd Baron Conway of Ragley, Feb. 3, 

1732 ; 

cr. Viscount Beauchamp, & Earl of Hertford, 
Aug. 3, 1750; 

see title Hertford. 



Arms — Quarterly, I. & IV., Sable, on a bend cottised argent, a rose gules, seeded 
vert, between 2 annulets of the field, (Conway) ; 11. & in., Gules, 2 wings 
conjoined in lure or, (SEYMOUR). 

Crest. 



Supporters. 
Motto. 



■ As above. 



Bakons. 



CORNWALL. 



433 



CORNWALL. 

106S. Robert, half-brother of King William I. : Earl of Cornwall ; Count 

of Mortain, in Normandy. 

B. after 1030 ; 

Knight, [105 1]; 

cr. Count of Mortain, in Normandy, 1051 ; 

Commander in the Ducal Army, 1054; 

Councillor to William, Duke of Normandy, 

[ l °^5] ; _ 
Commander in the Norman Army, (Hastings), 

Oct., 1066 ; 
cr. Lord of 248 Manors in Cornwall ; 
cr. Earl of Cornwall, 1068 ; 
st. always Count of Mortain ; 
Commander in Lindsey & the Eastern Counties, 

1069 ; 

m. Matilde de Montgomery, d. of Roger, Earl of 
Shrewsbury & Arundel ; 

d. after 1087. 




Eari.s, 
Dukes. 



Gul. Pictav. 
'95- 



From the Bayeux Tapestry. 



' Crassi & hebetis ingenii 
homo.' — W. Malmesbiri- 
ensis, Gesta Rggum, p. 456. 



[1100]. William Fitz-Robert, son of Robert : Earl of Cornwall; Count 

of Mortain, in Normandy. 

B. before 1084 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Cornwall, after 1087 ; 

st. always Count of Mortain ; 

Knight ; 

deprived, 1106 ; 

prisoner, Sept. 28, 1106-1140 ; 

took the Cluniac habit at Bermondsey, 1140 ; 

d. n . . . 



Ord. I. iv. 
c 5- 



Vivacitate mentis & alacritate 
juventutis nonnihil laudan- 
dus.' — W. Malmesbirien- 
sis, Gesta Regum, p. 626. 



+ 



VOL. I. 



3 K 



W. Malmes. 
1. v. 624. 

An. Berm. 
436. 



434 


CORNWALL. 




DUNS TAN VILLE. 


Earls. 


1 140. 


Reginald de Dunstanville, nat. son of King Henry I. : Earl of 

Cornwall, & Lord of Melburne. 

B. before 1120 ; 
Knight ; 






st. Reginald de Dunstanville, [1138]; 


Orderic. i. 




cr. Earl of Cornwall, (by Empress Maud), 


xiii. c 36. 




1 140; 


W. Malmes. 




Witness to the Compromise between King 


p. 732. 




Stephen, & Henry, Duke of Normandy, 






IJ 53; 


Feed. i. 18. 




cr. Lord of Melburne, 1156 ; 






Sheriff", co. Devon, n 73-1 175 ; 






Joint Commander of the Royal Army, Oct., 






IJ 73; 


Hoveden, ii. 




m. d. of William Fitz- Richard ; 


54- 




d. at Chertsey, Dec, n 75. 






+ + + 




1 140. 


Alain of Bretagne, son of Stephen, Earl of Richmond : Earl of 

Cornwall & Richmond ; Count in Bretagne. 






cr. Earl of Cornwall, (by King Stephen) ; 


Gesta, p. 65. 




surrendered the earldom, 1141 ; 


Ibid. p. 74. 


■ 


see title Richmond. 
+ + + 




"75- 


Baldwin, perhaps son of Reginald : Earl of Cornwall. 






st. Earl of Cornwall, [1188]; 


An. Waverl. 
ii. 245. 




d. 1 188. 






+ + + 





CORNWALL. 



435 



PLANTAGENET. 



1189. John ' Lackland,' 5th son of King Henry II. : Earl of Cornwall. 

received the Earldom of Cornwall, 1189 ; 
but did not use the title ; 

see title Gloucester. 



+ 



1217. Henry ' Fitz Count,' nat. son of Reginald : Earl of Cornwall. 

B. before n 75 ; 

Knight ; 

Constable of Totnes Castle, Feb. 20, 1209 ; 

Governor of Porchester Castle, [May 16,1211]; 

Joint Ambassador to Flanders, May 15, 12 13 ; 

Captain in Royal Forces at Rochelle, [March], 

1214; 
Royal Commissioner to cos. Cornwall & Devon, 

Feb. 10, 12 15 • 
Sheriff, co. Cornwall, Sept. 18, 12 15; 
Constable of Launceston Castle, Sept. 18, 1215; 
Warden of the Stannaries in co. Cornwall, 

Nov. 18, 1 2 15 ; 
cr. Earl of Cornwall, Feb. 7, 121 7 ; 
resigned, 1220 ; 
took the Cross, 1220; 
Crusader, [1222]; 

d. 1222. 



+ 



Earls. 



Hoveden, 
iii. 6. 



K 2 



R. pat. m. 2. 

R. Claus. 
m. 9. 

R. pat. m.12. 



R. pat. m. 3. 



R. pat. m. 7. 



R. Claus. 
m. 16. 



An. Dun- 

stapl. 60. 



436 



CORNWALL. 




From his seal. 



PLANT A GENET. 

1225. Richard (Plantagenet), 2nd son of King John : Earl of Cornwall 

& Poitou, Lord of the Honours of Walling- 
ford, Berkhamstead, Knaresborough, & Berga- 
venny ; King of the Romans. 

B. Jan. 5, 1209 ; 

Constable of Wallingford Castle, [June 3], 

1216 ; 
Knight, (by King Henry III.), Feb. 2, 1225 ; 
cr. Earl of Cornwall, Feb. 13, 1225 ; 
cr. Earl of Porrou, 1225 ; 
Lieutenant of Cuienne, March 23, 1226-Oct., 

1227 ; 
Chief Commissioner to make a Truce with 

France, Sept. 6, 1230; 
Keeper of the Castle & Honour of Wallingford, 

Nov. 3, 1230- May 12, 1231 ; 
cr. Lord of the Manor, Castle, & Honour of 

Knaresborough, Jan. 31, 1235; 
took the Cross, about June 8, 1236 ; 
Joint Ambassador to the Emperor, (Frederick), 

about May, 1237 ; 
Lord of the Castle & Manor of Lideford, & 

the Forest of Dartmoor, Oct. 10, 1239 ; 
Crusader, about June 4, 1240-Jan. 21, 1242 ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the Crusaders, Oct., 

1240-May 3, 1241 ; 
Joint Plenipotentiary to France, March 5, 1250 ; 
Ambassador to the Pope, (Innocent IV.), 

April-May 15, 1250 ; 
Founder of Hales Abbey, 1251 ; 
Privy Councillor, [June 22, 1253] ; 
Joint Guardian of England, July 21, 1253- 

Dec. 27, 1254 ; 
elected King of the Romans, Dec, 1256 ; 
st. King of the Romans, Jan., 1 257-1 271 ; 
crowned, May 27, 1257 ; 
Ambassador to the Pope, (Alexander IV.), 
Oct. 29, 1259; 



' Scut. albu. leo gut. bord. nig. 
bes. dor.' 




Earl. 



R. pat. m. 8. 

R. Wend, iv. 

100. 

R. Claus m. 



From MS. Cott., Nero, D. i. 



R. pat. 1, m. 
3- 

R. pat. 2, m. 



R. pat. m. 15. 

M. Pari?, iii 

368. 

Ibid. 

Orig. r. 6, 

sched. 

M. Paris, iv. 

44- 

Ibid. 
Pat. m. 6. 

M. Paris. 

Pat. m. iS. 

Pat. m. 4. 



Pat. m. 2C 





CORNWALL. 


437 




Founder of Rewley Abbey, Oxford ; 


Earls. 




in. (1) Lsabel {Marshal), Countess of Gloucester, 




' . . . . Sapiens, conviva, mo- 


March 30, 123 1 ; (d. Jan. 10, 1240) ; 




destus 


in. (2) Sanchia, yd d. &= co-h. of Raymond, 




Alloquio, gestu, dum vixit 
semper honestus.' 

— Epitaph. 


Count of Provence, Nov. 23, 1243 ; 




;//. (3) Beatrice, d. of Theodoric von Falkestein, 






June 16, 1269 ; 






d. April 2, 1272. 




1272. Edmund 'of Alma 


[ne/ 5th son of Richard (2) : Earl of Cornwall, 
Lord of the Honours of Eye, Knaresborough, 
Wallingford, Okeham, & Berkhamstead. 

B. Dec, 1250 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Cornwall, April 2, 1272; 




T£SM 




invested with the Earldom, Oct. 13, 1272 ; 


Wykes 25. 


Knight, (by King Henry III.), Oct. 13, 1272; 


Ibid. 


W^-^-^J(^f Qjj> FJ 


Joint Guardian of England, Nov., 1272-Jan., 




\jh$XW 


1273 ; 

Warden of the Stannaries, inco. Devon, Jan. 18, 




VuAy 


1278 ; 


Orig. r. 4. 


\^&^A^ 


Sheriff, co. Cornwall, 1278-1300 ; 




^^ 


Joint Lieutenant of England, April 27, 1279- 




From his seal, (1275). 


1280 ; 
Conservator of the Peace in London, & cos. 
Middlesex, Essex, Hertford, Cambridge, 


R.pat. ro. 15.! 


'Argent, ung lion de goulz co- 


Huntingdon, Norfolk, Suffolk, Kent, 




ronne or, ung borde de sable 
besante dor.' — Roll temp. 


Surrey, Oxford, Berks, Buckingham, Bed- 




Hen. III. 


ford, Northampton, Rutland, & Lincoln, 






April 30, 1282 ; 


R. Wallioe, 
m. 9. 




Founder of Ashridge College, Bucks, 1283 5 






Guardian & Lieutenant of England, June 24, 






1286-Aug. 12, 1289 ; 






Sheriff, co. Rutland, 1 288-1300 ; 






Councillor to the Prince of Wales, Aug. 27, 


• 

1 




1297-March 21, 1298; 

in. Margaret de Clare, d. of Richard, Earl of 
Gloucester, Oct. 6, 1272 ; 

d. Oct. 1, 1300. 




+ 


+ + 





433 



CORNWALL. 



1307. Piers de Gaveston, 




From MS. Harl. 6137. 

' De Vert, a vj egles de Or.'— 
MS. Cott., talis. A., xviii. 



' Un ioen horn nee de Gas- 
coyn.' 

' Tresnoblis, largis, & gentil 
de maner, mais orguillous 
& sourqidrous en party.' — 

SCALACRONICA, p. 1 39. 

' Erat iste Petras . . . cor- 
pcre elegans & agilis, 
ingenio acer, moribus cu- 
riosus, in re militari satis 
exercitatus.' — Galfridus 
le Baker, p. 50. 



GA VESTON. 

son of Sir Arnold de Gaveston : Earl of Corn- 
wall j Lord of Gaura &: Oleron, in Gascony. 

B. about 1284 ; 

Attendant on Edward, Prince of Wales, [1294]- 

Feb. 26, 1307 ; 
Steward of the lands of Edmund de Mortimer, 

_ July 29, 1304; 
Knight, (by Edward, Prince of Wales), May 22, 

1306 j 
Privy Councillor, Aug. 1, 1307; 
Chamberlain of the Household, Aug., 1307- 

June, 1308 ; 
cr. Earl of Cornwall, Aug. 6, 1307 ; 
Sheriff, co. Cornwall, 1307 ; 
Guardian & Lieutenant of England, Dec. 26, 

1307-Feb. 6, 1308 ; 
Bearer of the Crown, Coron. of King Edward 

II., Feb. 25, 1308; 
Constable of Berkhamstead Castle, March 16, 

1308; 
Provost of le Comptal & City of Bayonne, 

June 7, 1308; 
Lieutenant of Ireland, June 16, 1308-Sept., 

1309 ; 

Keeper of the Castles & Honours of Knares- 
borough & Wallingford, Aug. 5, 1309 ; 

Constable of Nottingham Castle, Oct. 1,1310; 

Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 
Forests, North of Trent, Oct. 1, 13 10; 

Keeper of Carlisle Castle, March 31, 13 12 ; 

Constable of Nottingham Castle, April 3, 13 1 2 ; 

Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 
Forests, North of Trent, April 3, 1312 ; 

Constable of Scarborough Castle, April 6, 13 12; 

m. Tlie Lady Margaret de Clare, niece of King 
Edward /L, 1309 ; 

beheaded, June 19. 13 12. 



Earl. 



R. pat.m. 10. 



R. pat. i, 
m. 2. 



Feed. ii. 36. 

Orig. r. 11. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 5. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 3. 

Pat. m. 37. 
Orig. r. 5. 

R. Fin. m.14. 
Orig. r. 15. 
Orig. r. 15. 

R. pat. 2, 
m. 11. 

Ibid. m. 9. 



CORNWALL. 



439 



PLANTAGENET. 

1330. John ' of Eltham,' 2nd son of King Edward II. : Earl of Cornwall. 

B. Aug. 15, 1316 ; 

st. the Lord John of Eltham ; 

Warden of the City of London, Oct. 15, 1326 ; 

Warden of the Tower of London, Oct., 1326 ; 

cr. Earl of Cornwall, about Sept. 29, 1328; 

Guardian & Lieutenant of England, May 25- 

June n, 1329; 
Privy Councillor ; 
First Commissioner, to reform the state of the 

Duchy of Aquitaine, April 27, 1330; 
cr. Earl of Cornwall, Dec. 1, 1330; 
Knight ; 
Guardian & Lieutenant of England, April 4, 

1331 ; 

Warden of the Marches of Northumberland, 

Feb. 2, 1335 ; 
Commissioner to receive submission of Scots, 

Feb. 2, 1335; 
Joint Commissioner to hold a Parliament, 

June 20, 1336 ; 
Commander in the English Army, (Scotland), 

1336; 

d. (at Perth), Oct., 1336. 




From his effigy. (After C. Stot- 
hard.) 



Jp~jS ^ %> c& <3i> $ 




From his effigy. 

Les amies d'angleterre a un 
bordure des amies le Roy 
de ffrance.' — MS. Ash- 
MOLE, 15. (A.) 

+ 



Earl. 



Knyghton. 



Vpod. 

Neust. 269. 

R. pat. 1, 
m. 16. 



R. Vase, 
m. 10, d. 



+ 



+ 



R. Scot. m. 
46. 



Ibid. 



Foed. ii. 940. 



44° 



CORNWALL. 



1337. Edward ' of Woods 




From MS. Cott., Nero, D. 6. f. 31. 




From his tomb. 

Quarterly, 1 & 4, Azure, semee 
of fleurs de lys or, (France 
ancient) ; 2 & 3, Gules, 3 
lions passant or, (England); 
a label argent. 

Crest— On a chapeau gules, 
turned up ermine, a lion 
statant or. 



lock,' eldest son of King Edward III. : Duke 
of Cornwall, Earl of Chester, Lord of Den- 
glefield, Hoop, Marlorsessenek, & Morhaut : 
Prince of Aquitaine & Wales ; Lord of Biscay 
& Castro de Ordiales, in Spain. 

B. June 15, 1330 ; 

educ. Queen's Coll., Oxford ; 

cr. Earl of Chester, May 18, 1333; 

cr. Duke of Cornwall, March 17, 1337 ; 

Guardian & Lieutenant of England, July n, 

1338; 
Warden of the Castle &: Priory of St. Michael's 

Mount, July 16, 1339 ; 
Guardian & Lieutenant of England, May 27, 

1340; 
Guardian & Lieutenant of England, Oct. 4, 

1342; 
cr. Prince of Wales, May 12, 1343; 
Chief Commissioner to inspect the Array of 

Wales, Sept. 29, 1345; 
Chief Commissioner to treat with the Papal 

Nuncio, Nov. 8, 1345 ; 
Knight, (by King Edward IIP), July 13, 1346; 
K.G., (Founder), T348 ; 
Sheriff, co. Cornwall, 1351-1376 ; 
Lieutenant of the Duchy of Aquitaine, July 10, 

*355-O ct -> 1372; 

Procurator, Special Ambassador, & Plenipoten- 
tiary to treat with France, Aug. 1, 1356; 

Warden of the Castle & Cantred of Builth, 
July 14, 1360 ; 

Plenipotentiary to treat with France, Aug. 24, 
1360; 

Lord of the Honour of Berkhamstead, Jan. 27, 
1361 ; 

cr. Prince of Aquitaine, July 19, 1362 ; (re- 
signed, Oct. 5, 1372); 

Guardian & Lieutenant of England, May 27, 

1363 ; 

cr. Lord of Biscay, & Castro de Ordiales, (by 
Pedro, King of Castille), Sept. 2^, 1366; 



Duke. 



Pat. 2, m. i?. 
Orig. r. 9. 
Pat. 2, m.23. 
Pat. m. 6. 



R. Franc. 2, 

m. 5. 



Le Raker, 
159-60. 



R. Vase, 
m. 6. 

R. Franc. 
m. 2. 



Pat. 5, ru. 19. 



R. Cales. 2, 
m. 6. 



Pat. 1, m. 34. 



Pat. 2, m. 23. 
Feed. iii. S03. 




Adelantado of Castille, (against the Moors), Dukes. 
Sept. 23, 1366 ; 

m. yoan (Plantagenet), d. 6° //. of Edmund, 
Earl of Kent, (widow of Thomas Holand, 
Earl of Kent), Oct. 10, 1361 ; 

d. June 8, 1376. 



Arms, 1333-1337 — 'Les armes dangletere a im 
bordure dazure.' — MS. ASHMOLE, 15. 
(A.) 



From his tomb. 

Shield of Peace — Sable, 3 
ostrich feathers with scrolls 
argent. 

1376. Richard 'of Bordeaux,' 2nd son of Edward : Duke of Cornwall, 

Earl of Chester & Angoulesme ; Prince of 
Wales. 

B. Jan. 6, 1367 ; 

st. ' Richard of Bordeaux ' ; 

Guardian & Lieutenant of England, Aug. 31, 

1372 ; 
cr. Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall, & Prince 

of Wales, Nov. 20, 1376 ; 
Lieutenant of the King, to hold a Parliament, 

Jan. 36, 1377; 

K.G., 1377; 

Knight, (by King Edward III.), April 23, 

1377 ; 

succ. to the Crown, as King Richard II., 
June 21, 1377. 




From his seal, (1377). 



Quarterly, I. & IV., FRANCE 
ancient; II. & III., Eng- 
land ; a label argent. 

Label— Before June 8, 1376, 
charged on the centre point 
with a plain cross gules. 



R. pat. m. 2. 



Pat. m. 41. 



Wals. i. 326. 



VOL. I. 



+ 



3 L 



+ 



442 



CORNWALL. 



1399. Henry 'of Monmouth,' son of King Henry IV. : Duke of Corn- 
wall, Lancaster, & Aquitaine, Earl of 
Chester ; Prince of Wales. 



1399- 
ler. 



' Bel & jeune bache- 
- Contemp. Poem. 



' Hie erat princeps ultra me- 
diam staturam, facie decora, 
oblongo collo, corpore gra- 
cili, membris subtilibus, 
miris tamen viribus, cursu 
velocissimus.' — Titus Ll- 
vius, Vita Henrici Quinti, 
p. 4. 



l3 86; 



B. Sept. 16, r 

educ. Queen's College, Oxford ; 

Knight, (by King Richard II.), 



1399 



Bearer of the Sword ' Curtana,' Coron. of King 

Henry IV., Oct. 13, 1399 ; 
cr. Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall, & Prince 

of Wales, Oct. 15, 1399 ; 
declared Duke of Lancaster, Nov. 10, 1399; 
K.G., 1399; 

Captain of Carmarthen Castle, Nov., 1401 ; 
Lieutenant of Wales & the Marches, March 7, 

1403; 
Lieutenant of North Wales, April 23, 1405 ; 

Warden of Lampeder Castle, [1405] ; 

Lieutenant of South & North Wales, Feb. 12, 

1406 : 
Privy Councillor, [Dec. 8. 1406-1411]; 
Lieutenant of North & South Wales & the 

Marches, Dec. 28, 1407 ; 
Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 

Cinque Ports, Feb. 28, 1409 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Kent ; 
Steward of the Manors of Cranborne, Pympne, 

& Mershwodvale, July 3, 1409 ; 
Captain of the Castle & Town of Calais, 

March 18, 1410 • 
succ. to the Crown, as King Henry V. 

March 20, 1413. 



Duke. 



Rous, 207. 



Acts P. C. 
i. 174. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 28. 
Acts P.C. 
i. 252. 

R. pat. I, 
m. 6. 

Acts P. C. 
i. 295. 



Pat. 



2,m. 19 



R. pat. i, 
m. 3. 



R. pat. 2, 

m. 11. 



Arm c , (1405) — Quarterly, 1 & 4, azure, 3 fleurs de lys or, (France modern) ; 
2 & 3, England ; a label argent. 

Crest— On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a lion statant. 

Supporters — Two swans, ducally collared & chained, each holding upright in his 
bill an ostrich feather with small scroll. 



CORNWALL. 



443 



1453. Edward 'of Westminster,' son of King Henry VI. : Duke of 

Cornwall, Earl of Chester & Flint ; Prince of 
Wales. 



Supporters — Dexter, an an- 
telope argent, armed, ducally 
collared, & chained or ; Sin- 
ister, a swan with wings 
expanded argent, collared & 
chained as the dexter. 



Livery, 1461.— ' A bende of 
crymesyn & blacke, with 
esteryge is fetherys.' — Gre- 
gory, Chronicle, p. 212. 



B. Oct. 14, 1453 ; 

Duke of Cornwall, Oct. 14, 1453 ; 

cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, March, 

M54 ; 
K.G., 1459; 

Knight, (by King Henry VI.), Feb. 17, 1461 ; 
Lieutenant of all England, March 27, 147 1 ; 
affianced to Lady Anne Neville, 2nd d. of 

Richard, Earl of Warwick, Aug., 1470 ; 

killed at Tewkesbury, May 6, 147 1. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



1471. 



Edward Plantagenet, son of King Edward IV. : Duke of Cornwall, 

Earl of Chester, March, & Pembroke ; Prince 
of Wales. 

B. Nov. 2, 1470 ; 

cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, 

June 26, 1471 ; 
cr. Duke of Cornwall, July 17, 1471 ; 
Knight, (by King Edward IV.), April 18, 1475 ! 
K.G., May 15, 1475 \ 
Guardian & Lieutenant of England, June 20, 

1475 ; 

Justice ' to inquire ' in cos. Salop, Hereford, 
Gloucester, & Worcester, & the Marches, 
Jan. 2, 1476 ; 

Chief Commissioner ' to inquire ' in Wales, the 
cos. Salop, Hereford, Gloucester, & Wor- 
cester, & the Marches, Dec. 29, 1476 ; 

cr. Earl of March & Pembroke, July 8, 1478; 

succ. to the Crown, as King Edward V., 
April 9, 1483. 




From MS. in Lambeth Library. 



Dukes. 



MS. Harl. 
304, f. 113. 
W. Wyrc, 
776. 
R. pat. 
m. 8, d. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 18. 



R. pat. 3, 
m. 4, d. 



+ 



+ 
3 I. 2 



+ 



444 



CORNWALL. 



1483. Edward Plantagenet, son of King Richard III. : Duke of Corn- 
wall, Earl of Chester & Salisbury ; Prince of 
Wales. 

B. before Sept., 1476 ; 
cr. Earl of Salisbury, Feb. 15, 1478 ; 
became Duke of Cornwall, June 27, 1483 ; 
Lieutenant of Ireland, July 19, 1483-Aug. 21, 

1484; 
cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, 

Aug. 24, 1483 ; 
Knight, (by King Richard III.), Sept. 8, 1483; 

d. March 31, 1485. 



+ 



+ 



TUDOR. 

i486. Arthur (Tudor), son of King Henry VII. : Duke of Cornwall, 

Earl of Chester & Flint ; Prince of Wales. 

B. Sept. 20, i486 ; 

Duke of Cornwall, Sept. 20, i486 ; 

Knight of the Bath, (by King Henry VII.), 
Nov. 30, 1489 ; 

cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, Dec. 1, 
1489; 

Governor & Warden of the East & Middle 
Marches towards Scotland, [May 20], 
1490 ; 

K.G., May 8, 1491 ; 

Chief Guardian of England, Oct. 2, 1492 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Worcester, Hereford, 
Gloucester, Cornwall, Devon, Somerset, 
Hants, Surrey, Kent, Buckingham, War- 
wick, Leicester, Norfolk, Suffolk, & the 
East Riding, co. York; 

7//. Katharine of Aragon, d. of Ferdinand, King 
of Aragon, Nov. 14, 1501; 

d. April 2, 1502. 




Dukes. 



From a painted window in Great 
Malvern Abbey Church : after J. 
Carter, (1788). 



Pat. 1, m. 1. 



Rous, 217. 



Pat. m. 28. 



Pat. 



i,m. 14. 



CORNWALL. 


445 


Arms — France modern & England quarterly, a label argent. 


Db'KE. 


Crest — On a chapeau gules turned up ermine, a lion statant crowned cr, gorged 




with a label, as the arms. 




Supporters — Two antelopes. 




Motto — %t\ bint. 




Badges— i. A rose. 




2. A fleur de lys. 




3. A fetterlock. 




4. Five arrows tied in the middle, starwise. 




5. A portcullis. 




6. A rose in rays. 




7. A pomegranate. 




1502. Henry (Tudor), brother of Arthur : Duke of Cornwall, Earl of 




Chester, & Earl Marshal ; Prince of Wales. 




B. June 28, 1 49 1 ; 




Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 




Cinque Ports, April 5, 1492 ; 


Pat. 2, m. 14. 


Lord Lieutenant General of Ireland, Sept. 12, 




1494; 


Pat. m. 22. 


Knight of the Bath, Oct. 31, 1494 ; 




cr. Duke of York, Oct. 31, 1494; {patent 




cancelled, 1502); 




Earl Marshal & Marshal of England ; 




Warden General of the Marches towards Scot- 






R. Scot. m. 


land, Dec. 10, 1494 ; 


4- 


K.G., May 17, 1495 \ 




succ. as Duke of Cornwall, April 2, 1502 ; 




Warden & Chief Justice of the Forest of Gualtres, 




1501.— 'A goodly younge June 22, 1502 ; 


Pat. 1, m. 7 


prince.'— Hall, p. 494. cn Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, Feb. 18, 




i5°3 ; 




Knight of the Golden Fleece, Feb. 9, 1506 ; 




succ. to the Crown, as King Henry VIII. , 




April 22, 1509. 





446 



CORNWALL. 



?P&m> iflw^&fldf^ 



1 510. Henry (Tudor), son of King Henry VIII. (1) : Duke of Cornwall. 

B. Jan., 1 5 10; 
Duke of Cornwall ; 

d. Feb. 22, 15 10. 

1514. Henry (Tudor), son of King Henry VIII. (1) : Duke of Cornwall. 

B. Nov., 1514; 
Duke of Cornwall ; 

d. Nov., 1 5 14. 

1537. Edward (Tudor), son of King Henry VIII. (3) : Duke of Cornwall. 

B. Oct. 12, 1537 ; 

Duke of Cornwall, Oct. 12, 1537 ; 

proclaimed Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall, 
& Prince of Wales, Oct. iS, 1537; 

st. Prince Edward, Dec. 30, 1546; 

his patent as Prince of Wales was being pre- 
pared when he 

succ. to the Crown, as King Edward VI., 
Jan. 28, 1547. 



Dukes. 







J^mcl 



After H. Holbein. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



Wrioth. i. 68. 
King's Will, 
Feed. vi. 112 




CORNWALL. 



447 



STUART, 

ry Frederick, son of King James I. : Duke of Cornwall, & 
Rothsay, Earl of Chester & Carrick, & Baron 
of Renfrew ; Prince of Wales & Scotland. 

B. Feb. 19, 1594; 

cr. Knight, & Baron of Renfrew, Earl of Carrick, 

Duke of Rothsay, Great Steward & Prince 

of Scotland, Aug. 30, 1594 ; 
became Duke of Cornwall, March 24, 1603 ; 
K.G., June 14, 1603 ; 

matric, Magdalen Coll., Oxford, Aug., 1605; 
Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter, Sept. 7, 

1605; 
Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter, April 25, 

1606 ; 
cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, June 4, 

1610 ; 

d. Nov. 6, 1612. 



Dukh. 



Wood, ii. F. 
316. 

MS. Ashm. 
1,110. v. 5. 



Ibid. v. 4. 



After Mytens. 



' He was of a comely, tall, 
middle stature, about five 
feet & eight inches high ; of 
a strong, straight, well-made 
body, (as if nature in him 
had showed all her cunning); 
with somewhat broad shoul- 
ders & a small waist, of 
an amiable majestic counte- 
nance ; his hair of an 
auburn colour ; long faced 
& broad forehead ; a piercing 
grey eye ; a most gracious 
smile, with a terrible frown.' 
— Sir Charles Corn- 
wallis, Somers Tracts, II., 
p. 249. 

f 61 1. — 'Ha bella presenza, & 
assai robusta complessione, 
negli esercizii del corpo non 
lascia che desiderar di grazia, 
& di prontessa.' — Marcan- 
tonto Correr, Relazione, 
P- 1 17- 




Arms — Quarterly, I. & IV., France modern & 
England quarterly ; II., Or, a lion rampant 
within a double tressure flory counterflory gules, 
(SCOTLAND) ; III., Azure, a harp or, stringed 
argent, (Ireland) ; over all a label of the last. 

Crest — A lion statant gardant, crowned with a 
coronet or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion rampant gardant royally 
crowned or ; Sinister, a unicorn rampant argent, 
royally gorged & chained or. 

Mottoes -1. Ich dien. 

2. Fax mentis iionesive gloria. 



44 8 



CORNWALL. 



ID1: 



Charles Stuart, brother of Henry Frederick : Duke of Cornwall, 

York, Rothsay, & Albany, Marquis of Ormond, 
Earl of Chester, Carrick, & Ross, Baron of 
Renfrew & Ardmannoch ; Prince of Wales, & 
Prince of Great Britain & Ireland. 

B. Nov. 19, 1600 ; 

cr. Baron of Ardmannoch, Earl of Ross, Mar- 
quis of Ormond, & Duke of Albany, (in 
Scotland), Dec. 23, 1603 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Jan. 5, 1605 ; 

cr. Duke of York, Jan. 6, 1605 ; 

Captain of the Company of Scottish Gendarmes, 
(France), [1606] ; 

K.G., April 24, 161 1 ; 

Great Admiral of England, Ireland, Wales, 
Calais, & the Marches, Normandy, & 
Aquitaine, (in reversion), Jan. 27, 161 2 ; 

Constable of Windsor Castle, & Warden of the 
Forest, (in reversion), May 20, 161 2 ; 

succ. as Duke of Cornwall, & Rothsay, 
Nov. 6, 1 61 2 ; 

Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter, April 23, 
1616 ; 

cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, Nov. 4, 
1616 ; 

Steward of Scotland ; 

Privy Councillor, April 10, 1620 ; 

Deputy of the Order of the Garter, April 23, 
1621 ; 

succ. to the Crown, as King Charles I., 
March 27, 1625. 




Duke. 



.Mter B. Gerbier, 1616. 



161 1. — ' E di gentilissimo 
aspetto.' — M. A. Correr, 
Relazione, p. 119. 



1615. — 'In behaviour, sober, 
grave, swete.' — Dr. Geo. 
Carleton to Sir Dudley 
Carleton, Feb. 10. 

S.P. Dom., LXXX. 27. 



1635. — 'Ben proporzionato e 
disposto, di statura non ec- 
cedente, anzi inferiore al 
mediocre. Ha il sembiante, 
(se ben con 1' aria proclive 
piii al melancolico che al 
gioviale, misto pero di 
venusta), non men grata che 
grave.'— V. GUSSONI, Re- 
lazione, p, 304. 




Boderie, i. 
9- 



Pat. 9. 



Pat. 



MS. Ashm. 
1 109. 



CORNWALL. 



449 



1630. 




Charles Stuart II., son of King Charles I. : Duke of Cornwall & 

Rothsay, Earl of Chester & Carrick, Baron of 
Renfrew, & Lord of the Isles ; Prince of Wales 
& Scotland. 

B. May 29, 1630 ; 

Duke of Cornwall & Rothsay, May 29, 1630; 

Steward of Scotland ; 

Knight of the Bath, May 21, 1638 ; 

K.G., May 24, 1638 ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, March 12, 1642; 

Captain, Troop of Yorkshire Gentlemen, 
May 21, 1642 ; 

First Commissioner of Array in co. Worcester, 
June 22, 1642 ; 

M.A. of Oxford, Nov. 1, 1642 ; 

Captain-General of the Forces in cos. Worces- 
ter, Hereford, Salop, & Monmouth, &: 
North & South Wales, March 8, 1643 ; 

First Commissioner of Array in co. Flint, May, 

1643 ; 

Captain- General of the Forces in cos. Wor- 
cester, Salop, Lancaster, Chester, & in 
North Wales, Jan. 3, 1644; 

First Commissioner for government of the city 
& co. of Oxford, & cos. Berks & Bucking- 
ham, July 19, 1644 ; 

Captain-General of the Associated Counties of 
Dorset, Somerset, Devon, & Cornwall, 
Jan. 26, 1645 5 

Generalissimo of the Royal Forces in England, 

1645 ; 
declared Prince of Wales, before April 4, 1646 ; 

succ. to the Crown, as King Charles II., 



Duke. 



After Van Dyck. 



' Ce Prince etoit bien fait ; son 
teint brun s'accommodoit 
avec ses beaux yeux noirs : 
sa bouche parut grande & 
laide ; mais il etoit de belle 
taille.'— M me . de Motte- 
villf, Memoires, I., p. 284. 

1647. — 'II parut avoir beau- 
coup augmente en bonne 
mine.' — Ibid. p. 389. 

' Charles . . . avoit des grands 
yeux noirs, les sourcils fort 
epais & qui se joignoient, le 
teint bran, le nez bien fait, 
la forme du visage longue, 
les cheveux noirs & frises. 
II etoit grand, & avoit la 
taille belle.'— Comtf. DE 
BusSY-RABUTIN, Histoire 
Anion raise &-»<;., I., p. 1 07. 

1649. — 'A trimme person, & 
of a manlie carriage.' — RO- 
BERT Baillie, Letters, &*c, 
p. 88. 



Anstis, 
App. 81. 

C. H. C. iii. 
3 21 - 



MS. Dugd. 

M. 1. 

MS. Dugd. 
M. 1. 



Ibid. 



MS. Dugd. 

M. 1. 



Jan. 



30, 1649. 




VOL. I. 



3 M 



45° 



CORNWALL. 



1 683. James Francis Edward Stuart, son of King James II. (2) : Duke 

of Cornwall & Rothsay, Earl of Chester & 
Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, & Lord of the Isles ; 
Prince of Wales & Scotland. 

B. June 10, 1688; 

Duke of Cornwall, June 10, 1688 ; 

Prince & Steward of Scotland ; 

st. Prince of Wales, July 4, 1688; 

K.G., (by King James II, ), after 1688; 

st. King James III., (by the Jacobites), after 

Sept. 17, 1 701 ; 
attainted, March 2, 1702 ; 
st. 'the Chevalier de St. George'; 
st. 'the Old Pretender,' 1 745-1 766 ; 



m. Maria Clementina, d. of Prince James 
Sobieski, &= gran d-d. of John LLL, King of 
Poland, 1719 ; (d. Jan. 18, 1735); 

d. Jan. 1, 1766. 




From 
Lord 



a picture belongin^ 
Arundell of Wardour. 



to 



1 7 16. — 'He is really the finest 
gentleman I ever knew. He 
has a very good presence, & 
resembles King Charles a 
good deal.' — Earl of Mar, 
Circular, Jan. 5, 17 16. 



1 721 — He returned my salute 
' with a smile which changed 
the sedateness of his first 
aspect into a very graceful 
countenance. As he passed 
by, I observed him to be 
a well -sized, clean-limbed 
man. ' — Hanmcr Correspon- 
dence, pp. 197-198. 



1 741. — ' Tall, meagre, melan- 
choly in his aspect. En- 
thusiasm & disappointment 
have stamped a solemnity 
on his person, which rather 
creates pity than respect.' — 
Horace Walpole, Mem. 
Geo. II., I., p. 285. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., France modern & 
England, quarterly; II., Scotland; III., 
Ireland; over all, a label argent. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a 
lion statant gardant, crowned with a coronet, or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion rampant gardant, 
royally crowned or ; Sinister, an unicorn rampant 
argent, royally gorged & chained or. 



+ 



+ 



Dl'KF. 



Gazette. 



L. Journ. 
xvii., 53. 



i7M- 



^%* 



George Augustus, son of King George I. : Duke of Cornwall & 

Rothsay, Duke & Marquis of Cambridge, 
Earl of Chester, Milford-Haven & Carrick, 
Viscount Northallerton, Baron of Tewkesbury & 
Renfrew, & Lord of the Isles ; Prince of Wales, 
& Prince Electoral of Brunswick- Lunenburg. 

B. Oct. 30, 16S3 ; 

Prince Electoral of Hanover, 1699-17 14; 

K.G., June 13, 1706; 

cr. Baron of Tewkesbury, Viscount Northaller- 
ton, Earl of Milford-Haven, & Marquis & 
Duke of Cambridge, Nov. 9, 1706 ; 

Commander of the Hanoverian Forces under 
the Duke of Marlborough, (Flanders), 
May, 1708 ; 

Privy Councillor, Sept. 22, 17 14; 

cr. Prince of Wales, Sept. 27, 17 14; 

Steward of Scotland ; 

Captain-General of the Artillery Company of 
London, May 5, 17 15 ; 

High Steward of Exeter, Nov. 8, 17 15 ; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, Jan. 31, 17 16; 

Chancellor of the University of Dublin, Feb. 16, 
1716; 

Guardian & Lieutenant of the Kingdom of 
Great Britain, July 6, 1716-Jan. 18,1717; 

111. Wilhelrnind Carolina, d. of John Frederick, 
Margrave of Bran de/iburg-Anspac/i, Sept. 2, 

1705; ' 
succ. to the Crown, as King George II. , 
June 11, 1727. 



D U K E. 




After Van der Gucht. 



1 7 10. — 'The fire of his temper 
appeared ia every look & 
gesture.' — Lady Mary \V. 
Montagu, Letters, &c, I., 
121. 



Arms— As on p. 653, without 
the cross on the label. 




ffTjft?- 




T, M 2 



45 2 



CORNWALL. 



1727. Frederick Lewis, 




After B. Dandridge. 



1729.— 'The most agreeable 
young man it is possible to 
imagine, without being the 
least handsome ; his person 
little, but very well made, 
& genteel ; a liveliness in 
his eyes that is indescribable, 
& the most obliging ad- 
dress that can be conceived. ' 
Countess of Bristol, in 
Lord Hervey's Memoirs, 
I., xxxii. 

1745. — ' The Prince of Wales 
had on a light blue velvet 
coat, laced with silver, & 
the sleeves (cuffs) of it bro- 
cade, as was also his waist- 
coat.' — Malmesbury Letters, 
I., p. 13. 



son of King George II. : Duke of Cornwall, 
Rothsay, Gloucester, & Edinburgh, Mar- 
quis of the Isle of Ely, Earl of Chester, Carrick, 
& Eltham, Viscount of Launceston, Baron of 
Renfrew & Snowdon, & Lord of the Isles ; 
Prince of Wales, & Duke of Brunswick-Lunen- 
burg. 

B. Jan. 20, 1707 ; 

st. Prince of Brunswick, [1716]; 

K.G., Dec. 24, 17 1 7 ; 

st. Duke of Gloucester, Jan. 10, 1 7 1 S : 

cr. Baron of Snowdon, Viscount of Launceston, 

Earl of Eltham, Marquis of the Isle of 

Ely, & Duke of Edinburgh, July 15, 

1726; 
st. Duke of Cornwall & Edinburgh,' Nov. 28, 

1727; 
Chief Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital, 

Nov. 28, 1727 ; 
F.R.S., Dec. 17, 1728 ; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 28, 1728 ; 
cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of W t ales, Jan. 9, 

1729; 
Steward of Scotland ; 
Chancellor of the University of Dublin, June 18, 

1729 ; 
President of St. George's Hospital, Sept. 23, 

1734; 
in. Augusta, youngest d. of Frederick, 2nd Duke 

of Saxe-Go/ha, April 27, 1736; 

d. March 20, 1 75 1. 



Arms— As on p. 653, but with- 
out the cross on the label. 



Duke. 



Cy^o^ 4 



C£e<<?zt?y7<t 




*r^ 



Gaz. 



CORNWALL. 



453 



1762. George Augustus 




After Sir J. Reynolds. 



1779. — ' A fine youth, with a 
great deal of civility & 
address.' — Mrs. Delany, 
V., p. 4S0. 

1S05. — 'A merry, good-hu- 
moured man, tall, though 
somewhat ponly in stature, 
in the prime of life, with 
laughing eyes, pouting lips, 
& nose which, very slightly 
turned up, gave a peculiar 
poignancy to the expression 
of his face.' — George T., 
Earl of Albemarle, Fifty 
Years of my Life, I., p. 242. 

1S14. — 'Looking, in health & 
beauty, better than I have 
seen him for years. He 
wears a certain new sort of 
darkish coloured wig with- 
out powder, that particularly 
becomes him.' — Memoirs of 
Regency, II., p. 94. 



Frederick, son of King George I IT. : Dnke of 
Cornwall & Roth say, Earl of Chester & 
Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, & Lord of the Isles ; 
Prince of Wales. 

B. Aug. 12, 1762 ; 

Duke of Cornwall, Aug. 12, 1762; 

cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, Aug. 19, 
1762 ; 

Steward of Scotland ; 

K.G., Dec. 26, 1765 ; 

Captain-General of the Hon. Artillery Com- 
pany, March 4, 1766; 

Colonel in the Army, Nov. 19, 1782 ; 

Privy Councillor, Nov. 21, 1783 ; 

Colonel, 10th Regt. of Light Dragoons, July 18, 
1796 ; 

High Steward of Plymouth ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, (by diploma), May 2, 1810; 

Regent of Great Britain & Ireland, Feb. 6, 
1S11 ; 

Knight of St. Andrew, of Russia, Nov. 25, 

1813; 
Knight of St. Alexander Newski, of Russia ; 
Knight of the Holy Ghost, of France, April 20, 

1S14; 
Colonel in Chief, 5th Regt. of Hussars, of 

Austria, 1814; 
Knight of the Golden Fleece, of Austria, July, 

1815; 
in. Caroline Elizabeth, 2nd d. of Charles William, 

Duke of Brunswick, April 8, 1795; 
succ. to the Crown, as King George IV., 

Jan. 29, 1820. 




Duke. 



454 



CORNWALL. 



1 84 1. Albert Edward, son of Queen Victoria : Duke of Cornwall & 

Rothsay, Earl of Chester, Carrick, & Dublin, 
Baron of Renfrew, & Lord of the Isles ; Prince 
of Wales ; Prince of Coburg & Gotha. 

B. Nov. 9, 1 84 1 ; 

Duke of Cornwall, Nov. 9, 1841 ; 

Steward of Scotland ; 

cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, Dec. 8, 
iS4t ; 

cr. Earl of Dublin, Sept. 10, 1849; 

Knight of the Golden Fleece, May, 1852; 

K.G., Nov. 9, 1858 ; 
1 Colonel in the Army, Nov. 9, 1858 ; 

Knight Grand Cross of the Tower &: Sword, of 
Portugal, March, 1859; 

Hon. Colonel, Oxford University Corps of Rifle 
Volunteers, March 2, i860 ; 

Hon. Colonel, Civil Service Batt. of Rifle Volun- 
teers, May 28, i860 ; 

Hon. Colonel, Cambridge University Corps of 
Rifle Volunteers, March 8, 186 1 ; 

Extra Knight Grand Commander of the Star of 
India, June 25, 186 1 ; 

General in the Army, Nov. 9, 1862 ; 

Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour, of 
France, March, 1863 ; 

Colonel, 10th 'Prince of Wales's Own Royal' 
Regt. of Hussars, April 18, 1863 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June, 1863; 

Captain-General & Colonel of the Hon. Artil- 
lery Company, July 24, 1863 ; 

Privy Councillor, Dec. 8, 1S63 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, June 3, 1864; 

G.C.B., Feb. 10, 1865 ; 

K.P., April iS, 1868 ; 

Privy Councillor of Ireland, April 22, 186S ; 

cr. LL.D. of Dublin, April, 1868 ; 

Colonel-in-Chief, ' Prince Consort's Own ' Rifle 



Brigade, Am 



o> 



1868 



Knight of the Black Eagle, of Prussia, 1869 ; 
an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 1S69 ; 



Duke. 



CORNWALL. 



455 



(See Appendix. 



Hon. Colonel, ' Prince of Wales's Own ' Norfolk 

Regt. of Artillery Militia, Oct. 28, 1871 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 'Royal Aberdeenshire High- 
landers' Regt. of Militia, Nov. 20, 1872; 
President of the Society of Arts ; 
Knight of St. Andrew, of Russia, Jan., 1S74; 
President of St. Bartholomew's Hospital ; 
Hon. Colonel, ' Royal Cornwall' Regt. of Mili- 
tia Rangers, April 28, 1875 J 
Field-Marshal, May 29, 1875 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 2nd (' Queen's Own ') Native 

Light Infantry, March 10, 1876 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 2nd (' Prince of Wales's ') Goorka 

Infantry, March 10, 1876 ; 
Hon. Colonel, ' Queen's Own ' Corps of Guides, 

March 10, 1876 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 4th (' Prince of Wales's Own ') 

Regt. Madras Light Cavalry, March 10, 

1876; 
Knight Grand Cross of Charles III., of Spain, 

May, 1876 ; 
Personal Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, May 26. 

1876; 
Hon. Captain of the Royal Naval Reserve, 

March 21, 1877 ; 
Extra Knight Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. [ 

George, May 30, T877 ; 
Colonel in Chief, Household Brigade of Cavalry, 

May 29, 1880; 
a Trustee of the British Museum, May 6, 188 1 ; 
Knight Grand Cross of St. John of Jerusalem, 

18S1; 
Hon. Colonel, 5th Pomeranian ('Blucher)' 

Regt. of Hussars, (Prussian Army), Feb. 

5, 1883 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 6th (' Prince of Wales's ') Regt. 

of Bengal Cavalry, Sept. 1, 1883 ; 

///. Princess Alexandra Caroline Mary Char- 
lotte Louisa Julia, d. of Christian LX., 
King of Denmark, March 10, 1863. 



Duke. 



456 



CORNWALLIS. 



CORNWALLIS. 

CORNWALLIS. 

1 66 1. Frederick Cornwallis, son of Sir William Comwallis, Knt. : Baron 

Cornwallis of Eye, & a Baronet. 

B. Nov., 1610 ; 

st. Frederick Cornwallis, Esq., 1627 ; 

ex. a Baronet, May 4, 1627 ; 

Knight, (by King Charles I ), Dec. 2, 1630 ; 

Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King 

Charles I., 163.3 ; 
M.P., Eye, 1640 ; & 1640-1646 ; 
M.P., Ipswich, 1660 ; 

Treasurer of the Household, May 30, 1660 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 6, 1660 ; 
H a Commissioner to order Ceremony of Coron. of 

King Charles II., Sept. 26, 1660 ; 
cr. Baron Cornwallis of Eye, April 20, 1661; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Suffolk ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Sir yo/1/1 Ashbumham, Knt., 

[1634]; 

d. Jan. 31, 1662. 




Barons, 
Earls, 
Marquises, 
Earls. 



From a drawing in the Sutherland 
Collection. (Bodl. Lib.) 



' Of a comely & goodly person- 
age.'— D. Lloyd, Memoirs, 
p. 663. 

Fresh complexion, light golden 
hair, & blue eyes. 




Walkley, 

145. 



Willis, iii. 



Walker, p. 
28. 



CORNWALLIS. 



457 



1662. Charles Cornwallis, son of Frederick : Baron Cornwallis of Eye, 

& a Baronet. 



Barons. 



Arms— Sable, gutte d'eau, on 
a fess argent, 3 Cornish 
choughs of the first, beaked 
& membered gules. 

Crest— On a wreath argent 
& sable, a mount proper, & 
thereon a stag lodged of the 
first, attired or, & gorged 
with a garland of laurel 
vert. 

Supporters— Two stags ar- 
gent, attired or, & gorged 
as the crest. 

Motto— Virtus vincit in- 
vidiam. 



B. before 1635 ; 

st. Charles Cornwallis, Esq., 1 654-1 661 ; 

M.P., Eye, 1660 ; & 1661-1662 ; 

Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King 
Charles II., 1660 • 

Surveyor of the Customs for England, (except 
London), April 8, 1661 ; 

Collector of the Subsidy of Tonnage & Pound- 
age in Port of London, April 8, 1661 ; 

Knight of the Bath, April 18, 1661 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Cornwallis of Eye, Jan. 31, 
1662 ; 



m. Margaret, d. of- 



Playstcd, Esq. ; 
d. April 13, 1673. 



1673. Charles Cornwallis II., 3rd son of Charles I. 

of Eye, & a Baronet. 



Baron Cornwallis 



Cornwallis of Eye, 
Troop of Horse Guards, 



' Un petit hanneton.' — Ant. 
Hamilton, Mem. de Gra- 
mont, II., p. 61. 



VOL. I. 



B. Dec, 1655 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron 

April 13, 1673 ; 
Guidon, (1st) ' King's ' 

July 26, 1673 ; 
Joint Registrar of the Court of Chancery, 

Sept. 8, 1676 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Suffolk, March 28, 1689: 
Privy Councillor, March 1, 1692 ; 
First Lord of the Admiralty, March 10, 1692- 

April 15, 1693 ; 
High Steward of Ipswich, Sept. 8, 1692 ; 
a Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital, 1694; 
Colonel, Suffolk Regt. of Militia Horse, [1697] ; 

;//. (r) Elizabeth, eldest d. of Sir Stephen Fox, 

Knight, 1673 ; 
m. (2) Anne {Scott), dowager-Duchess of Mon- 

7iwiith 6° Buccleugh, May, 168S ; 

d. April 29, 1698. 



3 n 



Carlisle 

Pat. 

Pat. 



Mil. Bk. 



Pat. 1. 



King's War. 
Bk. 



45§ 



CORNWALLIS. 



169S. Charles Cornwallis III., son of Charles II. (i): Baron Corn- 

wallis of Eye, & a Baronet. 

B. 1674; 

st. Hon. Charles Cornwallis, Esq., 1674- 

i6 9 3 j 
M.P., Eye, 1695-1698; 
succ. as 4th Baron Cornwallis of Eye, 

April 29, 1698 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Suffolk, June 8, 1698- 

June 16, 1703 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Suffolk, June 14, 1698- 

June 16, 1703 ; 



Barons. 




-0' a Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital ; 



After Sir G. Kneller. 



1704. — ' Inclining to fat ; fair 
complexion.' — J. Macky, 
p. 105. 



^ Joint Postmaster-General, March 4, 1715— 

April, 1 72 1 ; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, Oct. 16, 1 7 1 7 ; 
Paymaster-General of the Forces, & of Chelsea 

Hospital, April 8, 1721 ; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 11, 1721 ; 
Recorder of Eye ; 

;//. Lady Charlotte Butler, d. &* sole h. of Richard \ 
Earl of Arran, June 6, 1699 ; 

d. Jan. 19, 1722. 



Pat. 



Ibid. 



Pat. p. 1. 




1722. Charles Cornwallis IV., son of Charles III. : Earl Cornwallis, 

Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye, & 
a Baronet. 

B. March 29, 1701 ; 

st. Hon. Charles Cornwallis, 1701-1722 ; 
Groom of the Bedchamber to King George L, 
Aug. 19, 1 72 1 j 



Gaz. 



CORNWALLIS. 



459 



Arms— i. & iv., (Cornwal- 
LIS); II. & III., Or, a chief 
indented azure, a crescent 
for difference, (Butler of 
Arran). 



succ. as 5th Baron Cornwallis of Eye, 

Jan. 19, 1722 ; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests, Parks, & Warrens, South of Trent, 

June , 1722-1740 ; 
Constable of the Tower of London, May 12, 

1740 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets, May 12, 

1740 ; 

Privy Councillor, May 12, 1740 ; 

Colonel, 1 st Regt. of Tower Hamlets Militia, 

1740 ; 
cr. Viscount Brome, & Earl Cornwallis, 
June 30, 1753 ; 

;;/. Elizabeth, eldest d. of Charles, 2nd Viscount 
Toumshend, Nov., 1722 ; (d. Dec. t, 

1785); 

d. June 23, 1762. 



1762. Charles Cornwallis V., son of Charles IV. : Marquis & Earl Corn- 
wallis, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of 
Eye, & a Baronet. 

B. Dec. 31, 1738; 

st. Hon. Charles Cornwallis, 1738-1753 ; 

educ. Eton, &: Military Academy, Turin ; 

st. Lord Brome, 1 753-1 762 ; 

Ensign, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, Dec. 8, 1 756 ; 

Aide-de-Camp to John, Marquis of Granby, 

(Germany), Aug., 1758-Aug., 1759; 
Captain, 85th Regt. of Foot, Aug 5, 1759; 
M.P., Eye, 1760 ; & 1 761-1762 ; 
Lieut-Colonel, nth Regt. of Foot, May 1, 

1761 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl Cornwallis, June 23, 1762; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

July 12, 1765 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to the King, (George III.), & 

Colonel, Aug. 2, 1765 ; 
Colonel, 33rd Regt. of Foot, March 21, 1766 ; 
3 N 2 



Marquises. 



Signet. 



40 o 



CORNWALLIS. 




After T. Gainsborough : 1783. 



Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 
Forests, Parks, & Warrens, South of Trent, 
Dec. 23, 1766-Feb. 19, 1769 ; 

Vice Treasurer of Ireland, Feb., 1769-May 5, 

1771 ; 

Privy Councillor, Nov. 21, 1770 ; 

Constable of the Tower of London, Jan. 23, 

1771-Feb. 10, 1784 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, Tower Hamlets, Jan. 23, 

1771-Feb. 10, 1784 ; 
Major-General, Sept. 29, 1775 ; 
General, in America, March 26, 1776 • 
» Lieutenant-General, Aug. 29, 1777 ; 
Constable of the Tower of London, Nov. 16, 

1784; 
Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets, Nov. 27, 

1784 ; 
Envoy Extraordinary to Potsdam, Aug.,- 

Sept. 24, 1785 ; 
Governor-General of Bengal, Feb. 24, 1786- 

Aug., 1793; 
K.G., June 2, 1786 ; 
Commander-in-Chief in the East Indies, Sept. 12, 

1786-Oct. 28, 1793 ; 
cr. Marquis Cornwallis, Aug. 15, 1792 ; 
General in the Army, Oct. 12, 1793 ; 
Special Commissioner to the Allied Armies in 

Flanders, June 2, 1794; 
Master-General of the Ordnance, Feb. 23, 

1795— June 16, 1 So 1 ; 
General on the Staff, Essex District, March 25, 

1795 ; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, June 13, 1798- 

May 25, 1801 ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in Ireland, 

June 13, 1798-1801 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 

June 20, 1798-1801 ; 
General on the Staff, Eastern District of England, 

July 23, 1801 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary 

to Amiens, Sept., 1 801 -April, 1802; 



Marquis. 



CORNWALLIS. 



461 



Governor- General of Bengal, Jan. 9, 1805 ; 
Commander-in-Chief in the East Indies, 
March 20, 1805 ; 

///. Jemima Tullikins, d. of panics Jones, Esq., 
July 14, 1768; 

d. at Gazepore, Oct. 5, 1805. 



Marquises. 




'\sinz 




1805 Charles Cornwallis VI., son of Charles V. : Marquis & Earl 

Cornvvallis, Viscount Brome, Baron Corn- 
wallis of Eye, & a Baronet. 

B. Oct. 19, 1774; 

st. Lord Brome, 1 774-1805 ; 

educ. Eton, & St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

Captain, Suffolk Troop of Gentlemen & Yeo- 
manry, Jan. 27, 1795 5 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1795 ; 

M.P., Eye, 1795 • 

M.P., co. Suffolk, 1796 ; & 1802-1S06 ; 

Colonel, West Suffolk Regt. of Militia, Dec. 31, 
1802-May 25, 1803 ; 

Colonel, East Suffolk Regt. of Militia, May 25, 
1803 ; 

succ. as 2nd Marquis Cornwallis, Oct. 5, 
1805 ; 

Master of the Buckhounds, April, 1807 ; 

Ranger or Keeper of Swinley Lodge & Walk 
in Windsor Forest, April, 1807 ; 

m. Lady Louisa Gordon, 4th d. of Alexander, 
4t/i Duke of Gordon, April 17, 1797; 

d. Aug. 9, 1823. 



462 



CORNWALL IS. 



1823. James Cornwallis, uncle of Charles VI. : Earl Cornwallis, Vis- 
count Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye, & a 
Baronet. 

B. Feb. 23, 1743 ; 

st. Hon. James Cornwallis, 1743-1766; 

educ. Eton, & Christ Church & Merton Colls. 
Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, June 1, 1763 ; 

M.A. of Oxford, May 15, 1766 ; 

Fellow of Merton Coll. ; 

Chaplain to Viscount Townshend, Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Ireland, 1 7 6 7- 1 7 7 2 ; 

Prebendary of Westminster, Oct. 27, 1770; 

Rector of Wrotham & Woodland, co. Kent, 
Feb., 1 77 1 ; 

Rector of Newington, co. Oxford ; 

D.C.L. of Oxford, Jan. 15, 1775 ; 

Dean of Canterbury, April 22, 1775 ; 

Bishop of Coventry & Lichfield, July 14, 1781 ; 

Dean of Windsor & Wolverhampton, & Registrar 
of the Order of the Garter, June 12,1793- 
Feb., 1794; 

Dean of Durham, Feb. 8, 1794 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl Cornwallis, Aug. 9, 1823; 

;;/. Catherine, d. of Galfridus Mann, Esq., 
April 30, 1 77 1 ; 

d. Jan. 20, 1824. 




Earls. 



After H. W. Pkkersgill. 



1824. James Mann, son of James : Earl Cornwallis, Viscount Brome, 

Baron Cornwallis of Eye, & a Baronet. 

B. Sept. 20, 1778 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

st. James Cornwallis, Esq., j 796-1804 ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1798 ; 

M.P., Eye, 1799 ; & 1S02-1S06 ; 

took the name of Mann only, April 9, 1814 ; 



CORNIVALLIS. 



463 



succ. as 5th Earl Cornwallis, Jan. 20, 1824; 

vi. ( 1 ) Maria Isabella, only d. of Francis Dickens, 

Esq., Dec. 12, 1804 ; 
7)i. (2) Laura, d. of William Hayes, Esq., 

Jan. 22, 1829 ; 
m. (3) yulia, \th d. of Thomas Bacon, Esq., of 

Rcdlands, co. Berks, Aug. 4, 1842 ; 

d. May 21, 1852. 



Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Sable, on a fess embattled counter embattled between 
3 goats passant argent, a; many pellets, (Mann) ; 2 & 3, Sable, gutte d'eau, 
on a fess argent 3 Cornish choughs of the first, beaked, & membered gules, 
(Cornwallis). 

Crests — 1, A demi-dragon, wings elevated sable, gutte d'eau, (Mann). 

2, On a mount vert, a hart lodged & regardant argent, attired or, & 
wreathed round the neck with laurel vert, (Cornwallis). 

Supporters — Two stags argent, attired or, & wreathed round the neck with laurel 
vert. 

Motto— Virtus vincit invidiam. 



Earl. 



+ 



+ 



4 6 4 



COTTENHAM. 



COTTENHAM. 



PEP VS. 

1836. Charles Christopher Pepys, 2nd son of Sir William Weller Pepys, 

Bart. : Earl of Cottenham, Viscount Crow- 
hurst, Baron Cottenham of Cottenham, & a 
Baronet. 

B. April 29, 1 781 ; 

educ. Harrow, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

LL.B. of Cambridge. 1803 ; 

Barrister, Lincoln's Inn, Nov., 1804; 

King's Counsel, Aug. 24, 1826 ; 

Solicitor-General to the Queen, (Adelaide), 

Nov., 1830 ; 
M.P., Higham Ferrers, 1831 ; 
M.P., Malton, 1831 ; 1832 ; & 1835-1836 ; 
Solicitor-General, Feb. 22, 1834; 
Knight, (by King William IV.), Feb. 26, 1834 ; 
Master of the Rolls, Sept. 29, 1834 ; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 1, 1834 ; 
First Commissioner of the Great Seal, April 23, 

1835; 
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, Jan. 16, 

1836-Sept. 3, 1 84 1 ; 
cr. Baron Cottenham of Cottenham, Jan. 20, 

1836; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Feb. 17, 1838: 
succ. as 3rd Baronet, Oct. 15, 1845 ; 
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, July 6, 

1846-June 19, 1850 ; 
succ. as 4th Baronet, (of Box-Hill), Dec. 9, 

1849; 
cr. Viscount Crowhurst, & Earl of Cottenham, 

June 11, 1850 ; 

in. Caroline Elizabeth, d. of William Wingfield, 
Esq., June 30, 182 1 ; 

d. April 29, 1851. 




After Sir G. Hayter. 



Had 'dark searching eyes, a 
massive forehead, & expres- 
sive lips.' — Le Marchant, 
Memoir of Earl Spencer, p. 
60. 



Eari.s. 



COTTENHAM. 



465 



185 1. Charles Edward Pepys, son of Charles Christopher: Earl of Cot- 

tenham, Viscount Crowhurst, Baron Cotten- 
ham of Cottenham, & a Baronet. 

B. April 30, 1S24 ; 

st. Hon. Charles E. Pepys, 1S36-1S50; 

educ. Eton, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1846; 

Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, March 14, 

1 848-1 85 1 ; 
st. Viscount Crowhurst, 1850-185 i ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Surrey, March, 1851 • 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Cottenham, April 29, 185 1; 

d. Feb. 18. 1S63. 



1863. William John Pepys, brother of Charles Edward : Earl of Cotten- 
ham, Viscount Crowhurst, Baron Cottenham of 
Cottenham, & a Baronet. 

B. Aug. 15, 1825 ; 

st. Hon. William John Pepys, 1 836-1863 ; 

educ. Magdalene Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1848 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Cottenham, Feb. 18, 

1863; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Surrey, Feb. 20, 1864; 

///. Theodosia Sclina, d. of Sir Robert Charles 
Dallas, Bart., Oct. n, 1870 : 

d. Jan. 20, 1 88 1. 



{See Appendix.) 



Arms — Sable, a bend or charged with 3 fleur de lys of the field, between 2 horses' 
heads erased argent. 

Crest — On a wreath, a camel's head erased or, bridled & ducally gorged sable. 

Supporters— Two horses argent, each bridled & gorged with a ducal coronet 
sable, & pendent therefrom an escutcheon or, charged with a fleur de lys of the 
second. 

Motto— Mens cujusque is est quisque. 



VOL. I. 



3 o 



Earls. 



466 



COURTENAY. 



COURTENAY. 



COURTENAY. 

1762. William Courtenay I., son of Sir William Courtenay, Bart. : Vis- 
count Courtenay of Powderham Castle, & a 
Baronet of Ireland. 

B. Feb. n, 17 10 ; 

educ. Magdalen Coll., Oxford ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Jan. 28, 1730 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baronet, 1736 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, May 16, 1739 ; 

M.P., co. Devon, 1741 ; 1747 ; 1754 ; & 1761- 

1762 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Devon, June 27, 1757 • 
cr. Viscount Courtenay of Powderham Castkj 

May 6, 1762 ; 

;//. Lady Frances Finch, 4th d. of Lfeneage, 2nd 
Earl of Aylesford, April 2, 1741 ; 

d. May 16, 1762. 



1762. William Courtenay II., son of William I. : Viscount Courtenay 

of Powderham Castle, & a Baronet of Ireland. 

B. Oct. 30, 1742 ; 

st. Hon. William Courtenay, May 6-16, 

1762 ; 
succ. as 2nd Viscount Courtenay, May 16, 

1762 ; 

m. Frances, d. of Mr. Thomas Clack, of Watting- 
ford, May 7, 1762 ; 

d. Dec. 14, 1 7 88. 



Viscounts. 



COURTENAY. 



467 



1788. William Courtenay III., son of William II. : Viscount Courtenay 

of Powderham Castle, & a Baronet of Ireland. 

B. July 30, 1768; 

st. Hon. William Courtenay, 1 768-1 7S8 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

succ. as 3rd Viscount Courtenay, Dec. 14, 

178S; 
B.A. of Oxford, April 27, 1798 ; 
M.A., June 3, 1801 ; 
declared by House of Lords, Earl of Devon, 

March 15, 1831 ; 

see title Devon. 



Arms— Quarterly, 1 & 4, Or, 3 torteaux, (Courtenay) ; 2 & 3, Or, a lion rampant 
azure, (Reviers). 

Crest — A dolphin embowed proper. 

Supporters — Two boars argent, bristled, armed, & unguled or. 

Motto— Ubi lapsus? Quid feci? 



Viscount. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



O 2 



162S. Thomas Coventry 




After H. Stone. 



' Hee was of middle stature ; 
somewhat broad & round- 
faced ; of hayre black ; & 
upright in his comportment 
& gesture ; of complection 
sanguine, & of a comely 
aspect & presence.' — MS. 
Si.oank, 3075. 



COVENTRY. 

COVENTRY. 

I., son of Sir Thomas Coventry, Knt. : Baron 
Coventry of Aylesborough. 

B. 1578; 

educ. Balliol Coll., Oxford ; 

Barrister, Inner Temple, Nov., 16035 

Recorder of London, Nov. 17, 1616 ; 

Solicitor-General, March 14, 1617-1621 ; 

Knight, (by King James I.), March 16, 161 7 ; 

M.P., Droitwich, 1620-162 1 ; 

Attorney-General, Jan. 28, 162 1 ; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, Oct. 31, 162 1 ; 

Joint Keeper of Houghton Park, co. Bedford, 

June 20, 1623 ] 
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, Oct. 30, 1625; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 30, 1625 ; 
a Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 

Charles I., Jan. 24, 1626; 
High Steward of Cambridge, April 19, 1626 ; 
cr. Baron Coventry of Aylesborough, April 10, 

1628 ; 
Lord High Steward of England, for trial of the 

Earl of Castlehaven, April 25, 1631 ; 
Councillor, of Wales, May 12, 1633 ; 
High Steward of Kingston-on-Hull, 1633 ; 
Recorder of Boston. 1633 ; 
High Steward of St. Alban's ; 
Councillor for the Colonies, April 28, 1634 ; 
Councillor to the Queen, May 22, 1634 ; 
a Commissioner of Regency, March 26, 1639; 

m. (1) Sarah, sister of Sir Edward Sebright, 
Bart. ■ 



Barons, 
Earls. 



Pat. 3. 

Philipot, 62, 



Pat. 2. 

P. C. Reg. 
Ibid. 



C. H. C. 

iii. 185. 



Pat. 
Pat. 27. 



Col. vii. 
Pat. 9. 



COVENTRY. 



469 



m. (2) Elizabeth (Aldersey), widow of William 
Pitcliford, Esq. ; 

d. Jan. 14, 1640. 






o 



/^'^fi.'/od^rppje" /->* 



1640. Thomas Coventry II., son of Thomas I. (1): Baron Coventry of 

Aylesborough. 

B. 1606 ; 

st. Thomas Coventry, Esq., [1633]; 
Councillor of Wales, May 12, 1633 ; 
succ. as 2nd Baron Coventry, Jan. 14, 1640 ; 
Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Worcester; 
1642 ; 

vi. Mary, sister to William, Earl of Craven ; 

d. Oct. 27, i66r. 



1 66 1. George Coventry, son of Thomas II. : Baron Coventry of Ayles- 
borough. 

B. 1628 ; 

st. Hon. George Coventry, Esq., 1 640-1 661; 
succ. as 3rd Baron Coventry, Oct. 27, 1661 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Worcester; 

m. Lady Margaret Tufton, d. of John, 2nd Earl 
of Th a net, July 18, 1653 ; 

d. Dec. 15, 1680. 



1680 John Coventry, son of George : Baron Coventry of Aylesborough. 

B. Sept. 2, 1654 ; 

st. Hon. John Coventry, Esq., 1 661-1680 ; 
succ. as 4th Baron Coventry, Dec. 15, 16S0 ; 



Barons. 



Custos Rotulorum, co. Worcester ; 

d. July 25, 1685. 

16S5. Thomas Coventry III., uncle of John : Earl of Coventry, Viscount 

Deerhurst, & Baron Coventry of Aylesborough. 

B. 1629 ; 

st. Hon. Thomas Coventry, Esq., 1640-1685; 

M.P., Droitwich, 1660 ; & 1661-1679 ; 

M.P., Warwick, 1681 j & 1685 ; 

succ. as 5th Baron Coventry, July 25, 1685 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Worcester, June 22, 

1689 ; 
cr. Viscount Deerhurst, & Earl of Coventry. 

April 26, 1697 ; 
High Steward of Worcester ; 
High Steward of Evesham ; 

in. (1) Winifred, d. of Pierce Edgecumbe, Esq., 
of Mount Edgecumbe ; (d. June 11, 1694) ; 

;;/. (2) Elizabeth, d. of Richard Graham, Esq., 
of Norfolk, July 16, 1695 ; 

d. July 15, 1699. 



1699. Thomas Coventry IV, son of Thomas III. (1): Earl of Coventry, 

Viscount Deerhurst, & Baron Coventry of 
Aylesborough. 

B. before 1670 ; 

st. Thomas Coventry, Esq., [1685] ; 

st. Hon. Thomas Coventry, Esq., 1685-1697 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, Nov. 17, 

1690-July 23, 1696 j 
st. Viscount Deerhurst, 1 697-1 699 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Coventry, July 15, 1699; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Worcester, Sept. 22, 

1699; 
Recorder of Coventry ; 

m. Lady Anne Somerset, d. of Henry, 1st Duke 
of Beaufort, May 4, 1691 ; 

d. Aug., 1 7 10. 



Earls. 



Pat. 4. 



COVENTR Y. 



47i 



1 7 10. Thomas Coventry V., son of Thomas IV. : Earl of Coventry, Vis- 
count Deerhurst, & Baron Coventry of Ayles- 
borough. 

B. April 7, 1702 ; 

st. Viscount Deerhurst, 1702-17 10 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Coventry, Aug., 17 10 ; 

d. (at Eton), Jan. 28, 17 12. 



1712. Gilbert Coventry, uncle of Thomas V. : Earl of Coventry, Vis- 
count Deerhurst, & Baron Coventry of Ayles- 
borough. 

B. before 1670 ; 

st. Hon. Gilbert Coventry, 1 685-171 2 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, [April, 

1701]; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Coventry, Jan. 28, 17 12; 

vi. (1) Dorothy, d. of Sir William A'eyt, Bart., 
of Ebrington, 1:0. Gloucester; 

vi. (2) Anne, d. of Sir Streynsham Masters, Knt., 
June 25, 1 715 ; 

d. Oct. 27, 1 719. 



Eakls. 



17 19. William Coventry, cousin of Gilbert : Earl of Coventry & Viscount 

Deerhurst. 

B. before 16SS; 

st. William Coventry, Esq., [1705]-! 7 19 ; 

M.P., Bridport, 1708; 1710; 1713; «Sc 1 7 1 5— 

1719 ; 
Joint Clerk Comptroller of the Board of Green 

Cloth, April 15, 1717 ; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Coventry, Oct. 27, 17 19; 
Privy Councillor, March 22, 1720 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Worcester, March 22, 1720 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, May 14, 1740 ; 

vi. Elizabeth, d. of John Allen, Esq. ; 

d. March 18, 1751. 



472 



CO VENTR Y. 



1 75 1. George William Coventry, 2nd son of William 

& Viscount Deerhurst. 



Earl of Coventry, 



Earls. 




After J. S. Copley. 



1752. — 'A grave young lord.' 
—Horace Walpole, Let- 
ters, II., p. 279. 



B. April 26, 1722 ; 

educ. Winchester, & University Coll., Oxford ; 

st. Hon. George William Coventry, 1722- 

1744; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, Nov. 20, 1731 ; 
st. Viscount Deerhurst, i 744-1 751 ; 
M.P., Bridport, 1 744-1 747 ; 
M.P., co. Worcester, 1 747—1751 ; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Coventry, March 18, 1751 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Worcester, June 12, 1751 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 

Nov. 22, 1752 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

Nov. 25, 1760-Jan. 30, 1770 ; 
Recorder of Coventry, 1774 ; 

m. (1) A/aria, eldest d. of John Gunning, Esq., 
March 5, 1752 ; (d. Sept. 30, 1760) ; 

m. (2) Barbara St. John, d. of John, \oth 
Lord St. John of Bletso, Sept. 27, 1764 ; 

d. Sept. 3, 1809. 



1809. George William Coventry II., son of George William I. (1) : Earl 

of Coventry, & Viscount Deerhurst. 

B. April 28, 175S ; 

st. Lord Deerhurst, 1758-1809; 

Ensign, 64th Regt. of Foot, May 7, 1776 ; 

Lieutenant, 17th Regt. of Light Dragoons, 

Jan. 21, 1777 ; 
Lieut. -Colonel, Worcestershire Regt. of Militia, 

Nov. 10, 1806 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Worcester, Nov. 23, 180S ; 
succ. as 7th Earl of Coventry, Sept. 3, 1S09 ; 
Recorder of Worcester ; 
High Steward of Tewkesbury ; 



Appmt. 
Bk. 95. 



Do. vol. 



CO VENTR Y. 



473 



;//. (i) Lady Catherine Henley, d. of Robert, 
Ear/ of Northington, March 18, 1777; 

m. (2) Peggy, 2nd d. 6° eo.-h. of Sir Abraham 
Fitches, Knt., Jan. 10, 1783 ; 

d. March 26, 1831. 



1831. George William Coventry III., son of George William II. (2) : 

Earl of Coventry, & Viscount Deerhurst. 

B. Oct. 16, 1784; 

st. Hon. George W. Coventry, 1784-1S09; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, Dec. 14, 

1803; 
st. Lord Deerhurst, 1809-1831 ; 
M.P., Worcester, 1817 ; 1818; & 1820-1826; 
Vice-Lieutenant, co. Worcester, May 23, 1826; 
succ. as 8th Earl of Coventry, March 26, 183 r ; 
Colonel, Worcestershire Regt. of Militia, Dec. 21, 

1838; 

;;/. (1) Hon. Emma Susannah Lygon, d. of 
William, Earl Bcauehamp, Jan. 16, 1808; 

;//. (2) Lady Mary Beauclerk, d. of Aubrey, 6th 
Duke of St. Albans, Nov. 6, 181 1 ; 

d. May 15, 1843. 



1843. George William Coventry IV., grandson of George William III. (1) : 

Earl of Coventry, & Viscount Deerhurst. 

B. May 9, 183S ; 

st. Viscount Deerhurst, 1 838-1843 ; 

succ. as 9th Earl of Coventry, May 15, 1843; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, July 5, 1859; 

Captain, Worcestershire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Aug. 16, 1859; 
Major, (Supernumerary), Worcestershire Regt. 

of Yeomanry, April 12, 1861 ; 



vol. 1. 



3 p 



Earls. 



474 



COVENTRY. 



Captain of the Hon. Corps of Gentlemen-at- 

Arms, May 28, 1877-April 28, 1880; 
Privy Councillor, Aug. 13, 1877 ; 

/;/. Lady Blanche Craven, yd d. of William, 
2nd Earl of Craven, Jan. 25, 1865. 



Earl. 



I 



Arms — Sable, a fess ermine, between 3 crescents or. 

Crest — A cock gules, comb, wattles, & legs or, standing on a garb fesswise or. 

Supporters — Two eagles, wings expanded & inverted argent, beaked & 
membered or. 

Motto- Candide et constanter. 



COWLEY. 475 




COWLEY. 

• 


Raron, 
Eakl. 




WELLESLEY. 




1828. Henry Wellesley, 


6th son of Garret, Earl of Mornington : Baron 
Cowley of Wellesley. 

B. Jan. 20, 1773 ; 

st. Hon. Henry Wesley, i 773—1 797 ; 






Ensign, 40th Regt. of Foot, Aug. 31, 1790; 




Ensign, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, April 13, 




vS^J-^JA \ l^Y -^*— \ 


1791 ; 






Secretary of Legation at Stockholm, Jan. 7, 
1792 ; 




M/X f 
J1L-J ' 

Ur'/ ^^^ 


Lieutenant & Captain, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, 




Nov. 6, 1793; 




Captain, Independent Company of Foot, 




k March 1, 1794 ; 




Secretary of Mission to Lille, July 1, 1797; 




st. Hon. Henry Wellesley, 1797-1809; 
Private Secretary to Earl of Mornington, Gover- 




wr 


nor-General of India, 1798-1S05; 




After J. Hoppner. 


Envoy to Lucknow, July 5, i8oij 

Provisional Governor of Ceded Districts of 
Oude, Nov. 14, i8oi-Dec, 1802; 

a Lord of the Treasury, May 15-Aug. 15, 1804; 

M.P., Eye, 1807-1809 ; 

Secretary to the Treasury, 1807 -1809; 

Secretary of Embassy to Spain, May, 1809; 

Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Spain, Dec. 15, 1809; 

Privy Councillor, Dec. 20, 1809 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to Spain, Oct. 1, 1811-1820 ; 

K.B., March 10, 18 12 ; 

G.C.B., Jan. 2, 1S15 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary 
to Vienna, Feb. 1, 1823-July, 1831 ; 
3 p 2 





476 



COWLEY. 



cr. Baron Cowley of Wellesley, Jan. 2r, 1828; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 
Paris, Oct. 19, iS4i-July, 1845 ; 

m. (1) Lady Charlotte Cadogan, 2ndd. of Charles, 
1st Earl Cadogan, Sept. 20, 1803; (divorced, 
1810); 
(2) Lady Charlotte Georgiana Augusta Cecil, 
d. of fames, Marquis of Salisbury, Feb. 27, 
1816 ; 

d. April 27, 1847. 



m 




1847. Henry Richard Charles Wellesley, son of Henry (1) ; Earl 

Cowley, Viscount Dangan, & Baron Cowley of 
Wellesley. 

B. July 17, 1804 ; 

st. Hon. Henry R. C. Wellesley, 1 828-1 847; 
Attache of Embassy at Vienna, Oct. r, 1824 ; 
Attache of Legation at the Hague, April 9, 

1829; 
Secretary of Legation at Stuttgardt, Jan. 6, 

1832 ; 
Secretary of Embassy at Constantinople, Nov. 24, 

1843; 

Minister Plenipotentiary, (ad interim), at Con- 
stantinople, July 27, 1846-Feb. 28, 1848 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Cowley of Wellesley, 
April 27, 1847 ; 

Minister Plenipotentiary to Berne, Feb. 29, 
1848 ; 

C.B., April 27, 1S48; 

Envoy Extraordinary to Frankfort, July, 1848; 

K.C.B., March 1, 1S51 ; 

Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Frankfort, June 7, 185 1 ; 



P. A RON, 

Earl. 



CO WLE Y. 



477 



[See Appendix.) 



Privy Councillor, Feb. 2, 1852 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary 

to Paris, Feb. 5, 1852-July, 1867 ; 
G.C.B., Feb. 21, 1S53 ; 
Joint Minister Plenipotentiary at Conference of 

Paris, Feb.-March, 1856 ; 
cr. Viscount Dangan, & Earl Cowley, April 4, 

iS57; 
K.G., Feb. 3, 1 866 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 22, 1870 ; 

;//. Olivia Cecilia^ d. of Charlotte, Baroness de 
Ros, Oct. 23, 1833. 

d. July 15, 1884. 



Arms — Quarterly, 1 & 4, Gules, a cross argent, between 20 plates, 5 in each 
quarter, saltirewise, (WellesleY) ; 2 & 3, Or, a lion rampant gules, ducally 
gorged gold, (Cowley). 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi-lion rampant gules, holding a spear 
erect proper, & thereon flowing a pennon argent, charged with the cross of 
St. George. 

SurroRTERS — Two lions gules, ducally gorged & chained or, & charged on the 
shoulder with an annulet for difference. 

Motto— Porro unum est necessarium. 



Earl. 



47 3 



CO WPER. 



COWPER. 



CO WPER. 




1706. William Cowper, eldest son of Sir William Cowper, Bart. : Earl 

Cowper, Viscount Fordwich, Baron Cowper of 
Wingham, & a Baronet. 

B. about 1665 ; 

educ. St. Alban's School ; 

Barrister, Middle Temple, May 25, 1688; 

Recorder of Colchester ; 

King's Counsel, Aug. 1, 1689 ; 

M.P., Hertford, 1695 ; & 1698-1700; 

M.P., Beeralston, 1701 ; 1701 ; 1702 ; & 1705- 

1706 ; 
Queen's Counsel, June 24, 1702 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, Oct. n, 1705; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 11, 1705; 

P3i* r- r> o A :i . c 



, F.R.S., April 3, 1706; 
a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland, 
mj^' April 10, 1706; 

'i^BPKs^*' ' succ - as 3 r d Baronet, Nov. 26, 1706 ; 



cr. Baron Cowper of Wingham, Dec. 14, 

1706 ; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, April 25, 

1707 ; 

Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, May 4, 

1707-Sept. 23, 1 7 10 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Hertford, Aug. n, 1710- 

June 26, 17 12 ; 
One of the Lords Justices of Great Britain, 

Aug. i-Sept. 18, 1 7 14; 
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, Sept. 21, 

1714-April 15, 1718 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hertford, Oct. 18, 17 14; 



After J. Richardson. 



' He had a graceful person, 
winning aspect.' — Arthur 
Collins, Peerage, 1735, 
II., p. 714. 



'Of an engaging deportment.' 
Burnet, Own Time, V., 
p. 224. 



Eakls 



CO WFER. 



479 



In his person & countenance 
there was plainly to be seen 
a tine exterior figure of that 
inward worth which every- 
body experienced, &c.' — 
True Briton, 1723. 



Lord High Steward of Great Britain, (to sen- 
tence Earls of Derwentwater, Nithisdale, 
Carnwath, & others), Feb. 9, 17 16; 

Lord High Steward of Great Britain, (to sen- 
tence Earl of Winton), March 15, 1 7 1 6 ; 

cr. Viscount Fordwich, & Earl Cowper, 
March 18, 1718; 

in. (1) Judith, d. 6° //. of Sir Robert Booth, 
Knighty of London, (about) 1686; 

m. (2) Alary, d. of John Clavering, Esq., of 
Chofiwell, co. Durham, 1706; 



d. Oct. 10, 1723. 



ffi 




1723. William Cowper II., son of William I. (2) : Earl Cowper, Viscount 

Fordwich, Baron Cowper of Wingham, & a 
Baronet. 

B. 1709 ; 

st. Viscount Fordwich, 1718-1723 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl Cowper, Oct. 10, 1723; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 28, 1728 ; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 

April 13, i733- A P ril > T 747 I 
Mayor of Fordwich, Dec, 1734 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hertford, March 23, 1744; 

in. (1) Lady Henrietta D'Auverquerque, d. of 
Henrv, Earl of Grantham, June 29, 1732; 
(d. Oct. 13, 1747); 

(2) Lady Georgia na Caroline (Carteret), 
loidozv of John Spencer, Esq., May 1, 

175°; 

d. Sept. 18, 1764. 



m 



Earls. 



Appmt. Bk. 



480 



COWPER. 




After J. Zoffany. 



1764. George Nassau Cowper, son of William II. (1) : Earl Cowper, 

Viscount Fordwich, Baron Cowper of Wing- 
ham, & a Baronet ; Count of the Holy Roman 
Empire. 

B. Aug. 26, 1738 ; 

st. Viscount Fordwich, 1 738-1 764 ; 
Brevet-Ensign in the Army, Jan. 4, 1757 ; 
M.P., Hertford, 1 759-1 761 ; 
Captain-Lieutenant, Hertfordshire Regt. of 

Militia, [1762]; 
Captain, do., June 12, 1762; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hertford, June 27, 

1764; 
succ. as 3rd Earl Cowper, Sept. 18, 1764 ; 
Knight of St. Hubert, of Bavaria ; 
F.R.S., Feb. 13, 1777; 
cr. Count of the Holy Rom^an Empire, Jan. 3, 

1778; 

///. A nne, d. of Francis Gore, Esq., of South- 
ampton, June 2, 1775 ; 

d. Dec. 22, 1789. 

1789. George Augustus Cowper, son of George Nassau : Earl Cowper, 

Viscount Fordwich, Baron Cowper of Wing- 
ham, & a Baronet ; Count of the Holy Roman 
Empire. 

B. Aug. 21, 1776 ; 

st. Viscount Fordwich, 1 776-1 789 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl Cowper, Dec. 22, 1789 ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A. of Cambridge, 1795 ; 

Ensign, Hertfordshire Regt. of Militia, Jan. 7, 

1797; 
Lieutenant, do., Feb. 22, 1797 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hertford, Dec. 26, 

J797; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Kent, Jan. 30, 179S; 

d. Feb. 12, 1799. 



Earls. 



Mil. Ent. 
I3k. 22. 



1799- Peter Leopold Louis Francis Cowper, brother of George Augustus : 

Earl Cowper, Viscount Fordwich, Baron 
Cowper of Wingham, & a Baronet ; Count of 
the Holy Roman Empire. 

B. May 6, 177S ; 

st. Hon. Peter Cowper, 1 778-1 799 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, March 17, 1797 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl Cowper, Feb. 12, 1799 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Kent, May 5, 1803 j 

F.R.S., May n, 1809; 

m. Hon. Emily Mary Lamb, eldest d. of Penis- 
ton, 1st Viscount Melbourne, July 21, 1805; 




Eari.s. 



d. June 21, 1837. 



After J. Norlhcote. 



George Augustus Frederick Cowper, son of Peter Leopold : Earl 

Cowper, Viscount Fordwich, Baron Cowper of 
Wingham, & a Baronet ; Count of the Holy 
Roman Empire. 

B. June 26, 1S06 ; 

st. Viscount Fordwich, 1806-1837 ; 

Cornet, Royal Regt. of Horse Guards, April 28, 
1827; 

Lieutenant, do., Feb. 27, 1830 ; 

M.P., Canterbury, 1830 ; 1831 ; & 1832-1835 ; 

Under Secretary of State for the Foreign De- 
partment, Nov. 13-Dec. 17, 1834 ; 

Lieutenant, 31st Regt. of Foot, Feb. 13- 
March 6, 1835 ! 

succ. as 6th Earl Cowper, June 21, 1837 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Kent, April 21, 1S43 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Kent, April 21, 1849 > 

m. Lady Anne Florence, eldest d. &* co-h. of 
T/iomas, Earl De Grey, Oct. 7, 1S33 ; 

d. April 15, 1S56. 



vol. 1. 



3Q 



482 



CO WPER. 



1856. Francis Thomas de Grey Cowper, son of George Augustus Frede- 
rick : Earl Cowper, Viscount Fordwich, Baron 
Butler of Moore Park, Baron Cowper of Wing- 
ham, & a Baronet ; Baron Dingwall, in Scot- 
land ; Count of the Holy Roman Empire. 

B. June n, 1834 ; 

st. Viscount Fordwich, 1837-1856 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Kent, Nov. 22, 1855 ; 

succ. as 7th Earl Cowper, April 15, 1856 ; 

Lieutenant, Yorkshire Hussar Regt. of Yeo- 
manry, June 14, 1 856-1 86 1 ; 

Captain, 1st Hertford Corps of Rifle Volun- 
teers, Nov. 22, 1S59 j 

Lieut-Colonel, 2nd Batt. of Hertfordshire Rifle 
Volunteers, Oct. 24, i860 ; 

M.A. of Oxford, 1861 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Bedford, (swn.), Nov. 20, 1861 ; 

Envoy Extraordinary, (with the Garter), to 
Christian IX., King of Denmark, April, 
1865; 

Knight Grand Cross of the Dannebrog, of 
Denmark, 1865 ; 

K.G., Aug. 5, 1865 ; 

a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery, 
March 24, 1869 ; 

Captain of the Hon. Corps of Gentlemen-at- 
Arms, April 20, 1871-Jan. 10, 1S74; 

Privy Councillor, May 16, 187 1 ; 

declared by House of Lords, Baron Butler of 
Moore Park, & Baron Dingwall, Aug., 
1871 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Nottingham, March 8, 

1875; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, May 3, 1880- 

May 4, 1S82 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, May, 

1880-May 4, 1882; 
High Steward of Colchester, May, 1883 ; 



Earl. 



COWPER. 



T 



4S3 



Earl. 



;//. Katrine Cecilia, eldest d. of William, 4th 
Marquis of Northampton, Oct. 25, 1870. 



Arms— Argent, 3 martlets gules ; on a chief engrailed of the last 3 annulets or. 

Crest — A lion's jamb erased or, holding a cherry branch vert, fructed gules. 

Suptorters— Two dun horses close cropped (except a tuft on the withers), & 
docked, a large blaze down the face, a black list down the back, & 3 white 
feet, viz. both hind and the near fore foot. 

Motto— Tuum est. 



3Q2 



4 8 4 



CRAVEN. 



1627. 



CRAVEN. 

CRA VEN. 

William Craven L, son of Sir William Craven, Knt. : Earl of Craven, 

Viscount Craven of Uffington, & Baron Craven 
of Hamsted- Marshal. 

13. 1606 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Oxford ; 

Knight, (by King Charles I.), March 4, 1627 ; 

cr. Baron Craven of Hamsted-Marshal, 

March 12, 1627 ; 
Member of the Permanent Council of War ; 
Commander of English Forces in Germany, 

1631 ; 
Councillor, of Wales, May 12, 1633; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, Aug. 31, 1636; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Berks, June 30, 1660 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Berks, Warwick, 

Salop, & Middlesex, 1661 ; 
Major of a Regt. of Horse, 1661 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, Sept. 1, 1662 ; 
an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, [June 15, 

1663] ; 
cr. Viscount Craven of Uffington, & Earl of 

Craven, March 16, 1664 ; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. n, 1666 ; 
High Steward of the University of Cambridge, 

May, 1667 ; 
Lieutenant-General, June, 1667 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 2, 1668; 
Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards, 

Jan. 6, 1670-May 1, 1689 ') 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, & Southwark, i 

Jan. 7, 1670-March, 1689 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Middlesex, 1670-1689; 




After G. Honthorst. 



1637. — 'We heare much of 
a great navie, but more of 
my little lord Craven.' — 
Vei-ney Letters, p. 90. 



Earl, 
Barons, 

Eakls. 



Walkky, 

136. 



Pat. 27. 

Wood, ii. 
F. 491. 



Pat. d. 

Dom. 

xxxiii. 107. 
Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 4. 

Pepys, 160. 



C. H. C. 

iii. 524- 



Warrant 
Bk. 14. 



CRA VEN. 



485 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., 
Argent, a fess between 6 
cross crosslets fitchee gules ; 
II. & III., Or, 5 fleurs de 



lys sable, 1, 
wavy azure. 



& 1, a chief 



Crest, &c. — See p. 4S9. 



1697. William Craven 



1 704. — ' Very fat & fair. ' — 
J. Macky, p. 106. 



Master of the Trinity House, [i67o]-June, 

1671 ; 
a Commissioner for the Government of Tangier, 

Aug. 6, 1673 ; 
Colonel, ' Blue Regt' of Middlesex Militia. 

[1678]; 
Colonel, ' Red Regt.' of Middlesex Militia ; 
Colonel, ' County Middlesex ' Regt. of Militia ; 
Captain, Troop of Middlesex Horse Militia ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Forces, Jan., 1681 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 9, 1681 ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Forces, June 18, 

1685; 
Assistant of the Trinity House, July 8, 1685 ; 

;;/. (it is supposed) Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia, 
eldest d. of King Raines I. ; 

d. April 9, 1697. 



Earl, 
Bakon. 



Mil. Ent. 
i Bk. 44. 




II., cousin of William I. : Baron Craven of 
Hamsted-Marshal ; & Lord Palatine of Caro- 
lina. 

B. Oct. 4, 1668; 

st. William Craven, Esq., 1686-1697 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Craven of Hamsted- 
Marshal, April 9, 1697 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Berks, June n, 1702 ; 

Lord Palatine of the Province of Carolina ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, April 26, 1706 ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Humberstone Skipworth, Esq.; 

d. Oct. 9, 171 1. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 1. 

Charter. 



fat. 



486 




CKA VEN. 


i 


T7II. 


William Craven 


III., son of William II. : Baron Craven of 
Hamstead- Marshal. 

B. 1700 ; 

st. Hon. William Craven, 1700-17 n ; 
succ. as 3rd Baron Craven, Oct. 9, 1 7 1 1 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 16, 1722 ; 


Barons. 






a Governor of the Foundling Hospital, Aug. 7, 
1739; 


Warr. Bk. 
21. 






m, Anne, d. of Frederick Tilney, Esq., 1721 ; 








d. Aug. 10, 1739. 




1739 


Fulwar Craven, 


brother of William III. : Baron Craven of 
Hamstead- Marshal. 

B. after 1700 ; 

st. Hon. Fulwar Craven, [i7ii]-i739 ; 

succ. as 4th Baron Craven, Aug. 10, 1739 ; 








d. Nov. 10, 1764. 




1764. 


William Craven 


IV., cousin of Fulwar: Baron Craven of Ham- 
stead- Marshal. 

B. before 171 7 ; 

st. William Craven, Esq., [17373-1764 ; 

M.P., co. Warwick, 1746; 1747; 1754 5 &. 

1761-1764; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick, July 6, 1 758 ; 
succ. as 5th Baron Craven, Nov. 10, 1764 ; 
High Steward of Newbury ; 

m. y^ane, d. of Roland Berkeley, Esq. ; 

d. March 18, 1769. 




1769 


William Craven 


V., nephew of William IV. : Baron Craven of 
Hamstead-Marshal. 

B. Sept. 22, 1737 ; 








st. William Craven, Esq., 1 755-1 769 ; 





CRA VEN. 



487 



1791. 



educ. All Souls' Coll., Oxford ; 
B.A. of Oxford, Feb. 19, 1762 ; 
M.A. of Oxford, Dec. 17, 1766; 
succ. as 6th Baron Craven, March. 18, 1769 ; 
a Trustee of Rugby School, 1769 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 7, 1773; 
Colonel, Berkshire Regt. of Militia ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Berks, Feb. 25, 1786; 

m. Lady Elizabeth, 2nd d. of Augustus, qth 
Earl of Berkeley, May 18, 1767; (d. 
Jan., 182S); 

d. Sept. 26, 1791. 



William Craven VI., son of William V. : Earl of Craven, Viscount 

Ufhngton, & Baron Craven of Hamstead- 
Marshal. 

B. Sept. 1, 1770 ; 

st. Hon. William Craven, 1 770-1 791 ; 

Ensign, Berkshire Regt. of Militia, April 24, 

1786; 
Lieutenant, do., March 20, 1787 • 
Major, do., April 30, 1787-Oct, 

1793 ; 

succ. as 7th Baron Craven, Sept. 26, 1791 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Berks, May 13, 1792 ; 
Ensign, 43rd ('Monmouthshire') Regt. of Foot, 

Sept. 7, 1793; 
Lieutenant, Independent Company of Foot, 

Sept. 17, 1793; 
Captain, 80th Regt. of Foot, Sept. 18, 1793 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 84th Regt. of Foot, Nov. 3, 

1793; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 3rd Regt. of Foot, ('The 

Buffs'), Sept. 2, 1794; 

Aide-de-Camp to the King, (George III.), & 
Colonel, Jan. 1, 1798 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 40th ('Second Somerset- 
shire') Regt. of Foot, Aug. 13, 1799; 



Bakon, 
Earl. 



4 88 


CRA VEN. 




cr. Viscount Uffington, & Earl of Craven, 


Earls. 




June 18, 1 801 ; 






Colonel, 9th Battalion of Reserve, July 9, 






1803-1814 ; 






Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick, July 30, 1803; 






Major-General, Jan. 1, 1805; 






a Trustee of Rugby School ; 






Lieutenant-General, June 4, 181 1; 






Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 






Berks, Nov. 12, 1S19 ; 






Recorder of Coventry, Nov., 1823; 






General in the Army, May 27, 1825 ; 






m. Louisa, d. of jfohn Brunton, Gent., of Nor- 






wich, Dec. 12, 1807 ; 






d. July 30, 1825. 




1S25. 


William Craven VII., son of William VI. ; Earl of Craven, Vis- 
count Uffington, & Baron Craven of Hamstead- 

Marshal. 

B. July 18, 1809 ; 

st. Viscount Uffington, 1809-1825 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Craven, July 30, 1825 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Captain, Berkshire Regt. of Militia, Feb. 14. 

1829; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick, Jan. n, 

1831 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Berks, Oct. 20, 1S31 ; 
Recorder of Coventry ; 
High Steward of Newbury ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Warwick, March 29, 1854 ; 

m. Lady Emily Mary Grimston, 2nd d. of 
J antes Walter, 1st Earl of Venilam, 
Sept. 5, 1S35; 

d. Aug. 25. 1 866. 





CRA VEN. 



489 



1S66. George Grimston Craven, 2nd son of William VII. : Earl of Craven, 

Viscount Uffington, & Baron Craven of Ham- 
stead- Marshal. 

B. March 16, 1841 ; 

st. Hon. George Grimston Craven, 1841- 

1865; 
Ensign & Lieutenant, Scots Fusilier Regt. of 

Foot Guards, June 12, 1S60 ; 
Cornet, Warwickshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

April 27, 1863 ; 
Lieutenant &: Captain, Scots Fusilier Regt. of 

Foot Guards, Nov. 22, 1864-June, 1866; 
st. Viscount Uffington, 1 865-1 866 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Craven, Aug. 25, 1866 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick, Feb. 14, 

1867 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Berks, Feb. 23, 1S67 ; 
Captain, Warwickshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Sept. 19, 1867 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Gustos Rotulorum, co. 

Berks, Aug. n, 1881 ; 

m. Hon. Evelyn Laura, 2nd d. of George Wil- 
liam, 7th Viscount Harrington, Jan. 1 7, 
1867; 

d. Dec. 7, 1883. 



1883. William George Robert Craven, son of George Grimston : Earl of 

Craven, Viscount Uffington, & Baron Craven 
of Ham stead- Marshal. 



Earl. 



B. Dec. 16, 1868; 

st. Viscount Uffington, 1868-T883; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Craven, Dec. 7, 1883. 



Arms— Argent, a fess between 6 cross crosslets fitche'e gules. 

Crest— On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a griffin statant, wings elevated 

ermine, beaked & membered or. 
Supporters — Two griffins, wings elevated ermine, beaked^ & membered or. 
Motto— Virtus in action e consistit. 



vol. 1. 



3 R 



49° 


CUMBERLAND. 


CUMBERLAND. 








Earls. 


[ 1 120]. Ranulf ' de Briquesart,' son of Ranulf, Viscount of Bayeux : Lord 






of Cumberland. 






B. before 1086 ; 






cr. Lord of Cumberland, (by King Henry L), 






before n 19 ; 


Testa de 
Nevill, 379. 




cr. Earl of Chester, (in exchange), Dec, 11 19, 






or 1 1 20 ; 






see title Chester. 




+ 


+ + 
CLIFFORD. 




1525. Henry Clifford II 


., son of Henry L, Lord Clifford : Earl of Cum- 
berland, Baron Clifford & of Craven, Lord of 
Westmoreland, Vipont, Bromflete, & Vescy. 

B. 1493 ; 






Knight of the Bath, June 23, 1509 ; 


MS. Claud. 
C. iii. f. 68. 




Captain of a Troop of Horse, (against Scotland), 






Sept. 9-15, 1522 ; 


S. P. 2545- 




Sheriff, co. York, Nov. 12, 1522 ; 


Do. 2667. 


1S03 — 'His lead coffin ex- 
hibited the skeleton of a 


Captain, (against Scotland), March, 1523 ; 


Do. 2955. 


short & very stout man, 


succ. as nth Lord Clifford, April 23, 1523 ; 




with a long head of flaxen 


Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland ; 




hair gathered in a knot be- 
hind the scull.' — WH1T- 


cr. Earl of Cumberland, June t8, 1525 ; 




aker, History of Craven, 


Captain of Carlisle, & Deputy-Warden of the 




P- 313- 


West Marches, Oct. [29], 1525-1528 ; 
Constable & Steward of the Castle & Honour 
of Knaresborough, & Master of the Forest, 


S. P. 1762. 
Lane. Div. 




June 7, 1533; 


xii. B. 10, 



CUMBERLAND. 



491 



Banner — Tarty per fess, 
argent * & or, semee of 
annulets counterchanged, a 
dragon with wings elevated 
gules. — MS. Harl., 4632. 



* ? Azure. 



Warden-General of the West Marches, & 

Captain of Carlisle, Sept. 18, 1534 ; 
Steward of the Honour of Penrith, Sept. 18, 

1534; 
K.G., April 23, 1537 ; 

m. ( 1 ) Lady Margaret Talbot, eldest d. of George, 

4H1 Earl of Shrewsbury ; 
in. (2) Lady Margaret Percy, d. of Henry, $th 

Earl of Northumberland ; 

d. April 22, 1542. 




1542- 



Henry Clifford III., son of Henry II. (2) : Earl of Cumberland, 

Baron Clifford & Craven, Lord of Westmore- 
land, Vipont, Bromflete, & Vescy. 

b. 1517 ; 

st. Lord Clifford, 1525-1542 5 
Knight of the Bath, May 30, 1533 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Cumberland, 



April 



22, 



154: 



Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland ; 
Constable & Steward of the Castle and Honour 

of Knaresborough, & Master of the Forest, 

May 21, 1542 j 
Councillor, of the North, Nov., 1542 ; 
Captain in the West Marches, April, 1544 ; 
Bearer of the Third Sword, Coron. of Queen 

Mary, Oct. 1, 1553 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Westmoreland, May 24, 

i553" Dec - 2 5> l SS9; 

Justice of the Peace, Cumberland, Westmore- 
land, & Northumberland, Feb. 18, 1554 ; 

High Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in co. 
York, [1557] ; 

3 R 2 



Earls. 

Pat. 2, m. m. 
31 & 16. 



Ibid. m. 16. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. B. 9. 

Haynes. 

P. S. P. v. 
375- 



P. C. Reg. 



Pat. 



Lane. Ek. ii. 



4Q2 



CUMBERLAND. 



1803 — 'A very tall & rather 
slender man.' . . . 'along 
prominent nose was very 
conspicuous.' — WmTAKER, 
ut supra, p. 313. 



Captain of the Rear Guard, (Army in the 

North), May 30, 1557 ; 
High Steward of Ripon ; 

m. (1) Lady £kanor Brandon, eldest d. of 

Charles, Duke of Suffolk (3) ; 
;;/. (2) Anne, d. of William, $rd Lord Dacre of 

Gillesland ; 

d. Jan. 8, 1570. 




1570. George Clifford, son of Henry II. (2) : Earl of Cumberland, Baron 

Clifford & Skipton, Lord of Vipont, Westmore- 
land, Bromfiete, & Vescy. 

B. Aug. 8, 1558 ; 

st. Lord Clifford, 1558-15 70 ; 

educ. Peter House, Cambridge ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Cumberland, Jan. 8, 1 570; 

Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland ; 

Councillor, of the North, Nov. 21, 1582 ; 

Joint Commissioner for execution of Mary, 

Queen of Scotland, Feb., 1587; 
Captain of a Man-of- War, 1588; 
Commander of a Naval Squadron against the 

West Indies, 1589 ; 
Champion to Queen Elizabeth, Nov. 17, 1590; 
Commander of a Naval Squadron, March 5, 

159 1 ; 

K.G., April 23, 1592 ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 27, 1592 ; 

Captain by sea & land against Spain, May 28, 

1593 ; 

Commander of a Naval Squadron, Oct. 7, 

1597 ; 

High Steward of the Manor of Knaresborough, 
[Nov. 25, 1597]; 




From ' Herwologia. ' 



Earls. 
P. C Reg. 



MS. Calig. 
C. iii. 



Camden, 489. 



Pat. 8. 



Wood, ii. F. 
260. 



Pat. 3, d. 



Egerton 
I'rs. 266. 



Lane. Bk. 
iv. 



CUMBERLAND. 



493 



' He was endowed with many 
perfections of nature . . . 
a strong body, full of 
agility.' — Anne, Countess 
of Pembroke, in Whit- 
aker's Hist, of Craven, 
p. 241. 



1803 — 'The cerecloth being 
removed, exhibited the face 
so entire, (only turned to 
copper colour), as plainly 
to resemble his portraits. 
All his painters, however, 
had the complaisance to 
omit three large w : arts on 
the left cheek.' — WfflT- 
AKER, Craven, p. 314. 



Admiral of a Fleet, Feb., 1598 ; 
Lieutenant-General in London & the Vicinity, 

Aug., 1599 ; 
Colonel of the London Trained Bands, Aug., 

1599; 

Joint Commissioner to suppress Schism in the 
Province of York, Nov. 24, 1599 ; 

Lieutenant-General in London, Feb. 8, 160 1 ; 

High Steward of the Honour of Grafton, May 29, 
1602 ; 

Ranger of Salcey Forest, May 29, 1602 ; 

Privy Councillor, [May 10], 1603 ; 

Warden & Governor-Gen. of the West & Middle 
Marches ; Gov. & Capt.-Gen. of the Town 
& Castle of Carlisle ; High Steward of all 
the Royal Domains, Manors, &c. within 
the Marches ; & Governor of Harbottle 
Castle, June 8, 1603 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Cumberland, 1603 ; 

m. Lady Margaret Russell, yd d. of Francis, 
Earl of Bedford, June 24, 1577 ; 

d. Oct. 30, 1605. 



Earls. 



Chamber- 
lain, p. 59. 



Pat. 2. 

Ibid. 
Dom. i. 73. 



Pat. 3. 
Pat. 14, d. 




(T L&rrrt/rrPZ 




1605. Francis Clifford, brother of George : Earl of Cumberland, &: 

Lord of the Honour of Skipton-in- Craven. 

B. 1559; 

st. Francis Clifford, Esq., r 5 77-1605 ; 
M.P., Westmoreland, 1585 ; & 1 586-1 587 ; 
High Sheriff, co. York, 1600 ; 
M.P. co. York, 1 604-1 605 ; 
Joint Constable & Steward of the Castle & 
Honour of Knaresborough, 1604 ; 



Willis, iii. 



Ind. Lane. 
Pats. 



494 




1 
CUMBERLAND. 






Knight of the Bath, Jan. 6, 1605 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Cumberland, Oct. 30, 

1605 ; 
Joint Keeper of Carlisle Castle, {in reversion), 


Earls. 






Nov. 20, 1605 ; 


Ind. Wt. Bk. 
P- 43- 






Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland ; 








Custos Rotulorum, co. Cumberland, [July], 1606; 


Pat. 8, d. 






Joint Lord Lieutenant, cos. Cumberland, West- 








moreland, & Northumberland, Oct. 21, 








1607 j 








Lord Lieutenant, cos. Cumberland, Northumber- 








land, Westmoreland, & Town of Newcastle- 




i8o 3 .- 


-'Nothing appeared but 


on-Tyne, July 1, 1611-Aug. 31, 1639 ; 


Pat. 17. 


the 
tall 


ordinary skeleton of a 
man.' — Whitaker, 


Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Westmoreland, 




Hist 


. of Craven, p. 241. 


Aug. 31, 1639; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Cumberland & York; 

;//. Griseld, dowager- Baroness Abergavenny, 
after March, 15S9 ; 

d. Jan. 28, 1641. 


Pat. 1, d. 


1641. 


Henry Clifford 


IV., son of Francis : Earl of Cumberland, Baron 
Clifford, & Lord of the Honour of Skipton-in- 
Craven. 

B. Feb. 28 or 29, 1591 ; 

st. Lord Clifford, 1605-1641 ; 

Joint Keeper of Carlisle Castle, (/'// reversion^ 

XT z' 


Jnd. Wt. Bk. 






Nov. 20, 1605 ; 


P- 43- 






Bailiff of Wapentake of Staincliffe, 1 606 ; 








Knight of the Bath, June 3, 1610 ; 








M. P., co. Westmoreland, 1614; & 1621-1622 ; 


Willis, iii. 






Joint Constable & Steward of the Castle & 








Honour of Knaresborough, 1615 ; 


Ind. Lane. 
Pat. 






Councillor, of the North, July 10, 161 9 ; 








Justice of the Peace, cos. Westmoreland, York, 








& Northumberland ; 




'A tall & proper man.'— 


Joint Lord Lieutenant, cos. Cumberland, West- 




Anne, Countess of 
Pembroke, ut supra, p. 


moreland, & Northumberland, March 14, 




252. 




1626-Aug. 31, 1639 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Clifford, Feb. 17, 
1628 ; 


Pat. s, d. 



CUMBERLAND. 



495 



1642. — 'Of great honour & 
integrity . . . but he was 
not in any degree active, or 
of a martial temper.' — Lord 
Clarendon, Hist., III., 
p. 175. 

•Of a peaceable nature, & 
affable disposition. 1 — Lord 
Fairfax, Mem., p. 17. 



Captain of a Troop of Horse, (Army in the 

North), 1639; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Westmoreland, 

Aug. 31, 1639; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Cumberland, Jan. 28, 

1641 ; 
Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland ; 
Governor of Newcastle ; 
Bailiff, High Steward, & Chief Forester of 

Richmond, co. York, July 30, 1641 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Westmoreland, (on nom. 

of Parlt.), Feb. 28, 1642 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. York, July, 1642 ; 
Colonel of ' The Prince's ' Regt. of Yorkshire 

Gentry, 1642 ; 
General of the Royal Forces in the North, 1642 ; 

;//. Lady Frances Cecil, only d. of Robert, 1st 
Earl of Salisbury, 1 6 1 1 ; 

d. Dec. 11, 1643. 



Earl. 

Dom. 
ccccxiii. 136. 



Pat. 1, d. 



Pat. 1. 

Journ. C. 
ii. 459. 




Arms— Chequy or & azure, a fess gules. 

Crest— Out of a ducal coronet, a griffin with wings elevated gules. 
Supporters— Dexter, a wyvern with wings elevated gules ; Sinister, an ape proper, 
& round his loins a broad ring, with line & clog or. 

Motto— Desormais. 
Label — Gules. 



+ 



+ 




After Van Dycl< 



1G44. Prince Rupert, nephew of King Charles I. : Duke of Cumberland, 

& Earl of Holderness ; Count Palatine of the 
Rhine, & Duke of Bavaria. 

B. (at Prague), Dec. 27, 16 19 ; 

educ. University of Leyden ; 

cr. M.A, of Oxford, Aug. 30, 1636 ; 

K.G., April 20, 1642 ; 

General of the Horse, (Royal Army), Aug. 21, 
1642 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, [Dec. 9], 1642 ; 

Captain General of the King's Horse Guards ; 

Lieutenant General of the Forces in cos. Hert- 
ford, Bedford, Nonhampton, Rutland, 
Cambridge, Huntingdon, Lincoln, Norfolk, 
Suffolk, and Essex, Oct. 27, 1643; 

Captain- General in cos. Worcester, Salop, 
Chester, & Lancaster, & in North Wales, 
Jan. 6, 1644 ; 

naturalised in England, Jan. 19, 1644 > 

cr. Earl of Holderness, & Duke of Cumber- 
land, Jan. 24, 1644 ; 

President of the Council of Wales, Feb. 5, 
i6H-Sept. j. 4 , 1645 ; 

Master of the Horse, Nov. 6, 1644-Sept. 14, 

1645 ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Army, Nov. 6, 

1644-Sept. 14, 1645 ; 

Mareschal de Camp, Colonel of Foot, & Com- 
mander in Chief of the English in France, 
[April 10], 1647 ; 

Master of the Horse, May, 1653-April, 1655 ; 

Envoy Extraordinary to Vienna, June, 1654 ; 

Member of the Society of the Inner Temple, 
Nov. 4, 1 66 1 ; 

Privy Councillor, April 28, 1662 ; 

a Commissioner for the government of Tangier, 
Oct. [27], 1662; 

F.R.S., Dec, 1662 ; 

Admiral of the White, March, 1665 ; 

Joint Admiral of the Fleet, May, 1666 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, June 13, 1667 ; 



Dike. 



1645. — 'The Frince was clad 
in scarlet, very richly laid 
in silver lace, & mounted on 
a very gallant black Barbary 
horse. ' — King's Pamphlet, 
226, No. 3. 



He was the greatest hero as 
well as the greatest beau, 
whom all the leading men 
strove to imitate as well in 
his dress as in his bravery. 
The Prince was always very 
sparkish in his dress.' — Sir 
Edward Southcote, 

Narrative, in F. Morris, 
Troubles of our Catliolic 
Forefathers, I., p. 392. 



S. P. Dom. 
cccxxxi. 1. 



MS. Harl. 
6851. 

Warburlon, 
ii. 492. 



MS. Dngd. 
M. 1. 



Ibid. 



Dugdale, 
Diary, 60. 



Diary in 
Warb. iii- 31. 



Ibid. 



Warb. iii. 

237. 

Clar. S.P. 11. 

"54- 



Pepys, 122. 



Mil. F.nt. 
Bk. 



* II etoit grand, & n'avoit que 
trap mauvais air. Son 
visage etoit sec & dur, lors 
meme qu'il vouloit le ra- 
doucir.'— Ant. Hamilton, 
Mini, de Gramtnont, I., 
P- 157- 



Constable of Windsor Castle, & Warden of die 

Forest, Sept. 29, 1668 ; 
Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, 

May 2, 1670 ; 
a Lord of Trade & Foreign Plantations, Aug., 

1670 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Berks, Oct., 1670 ; 
Colonel, ' Barbadoes ' Regt. of Dragoons, 

March 30, 1672 ; 
Vice Admiral of England, Aug. 15, 1672 ; 
Colonel of the ' Marine ' Regt., Aug. 29, 1672 ; 
General at Sea & Land, April 26, 1673 ; 
Admiral of the Fleet, June 16, 1673 ; 
First Lord of the Admiralty, July 9, 1673- 

May 14, 1679 ; 
First Commissioner for government of Tangier, 

Sept. 20, 1673-July, 1679 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Surrey, June 24, 1675 ; 
Keeper of the South Gardens at Windsor, Oct., 

1678; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1679 ; 

d. Nov. 29, 1682. 




Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., Sable, a lion rampant or, crowned gules ; II. & III., 
Paly bendy, argent & azure. 

Crest— Out of a coronet, a lion sejant gardant or, crowned gules, between 2 horns 
paly bendy argent & azure. 

Supporters— Two lions gardant gules. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



Duke. 



Mil. r,k. 



Ibid. 

Warr. Bk. 

12. 

Ibid. 

Mil. Bk. 



Pat. 10. 
Pat. 7. 

Signet Bk. 
PC. Reg. 



VOL. I. 



498 



CUMBERLAND. 



16S9. Prince George of 




After Sir G. Kneller. 



1664. — 'A handsome young 
Prince, of great hopes.' — 
G. M.— Relation of Three 
Embassies, &c., p. 39§- 

16S3. — ' Is a handsome fine 
gentleman.'— Sir C. Lyt- 
telton, Hatton Corre- 
spondence, II., p. 32. 

16S3. — ' He was a person of a 
good mien.' — Sir R. Bul- 
strode, Memoirs, p. 349. 

16S3. — 'Me had the Danish 
countenance, blonde, of 
few words . . . seem'd 
somewhat heavy, but re- 
ported to be valiant.' — J. 
Evelyn, Diary, p. 447. 

1704. — 'Is very fat.' — J. 
Macky, p. 3. 

1708. — 'Of a comely & erect 
aspect.'— R. Steele, Tat- 
ler, No. VIII. 



Denmark, brother of Christian V., King of Den- 
mark : Duke of Cumberland, Earl of Kendal 
& Baron of Ockingham ; Hereditary Prince of 
Denmark & Norway, & of the Goths & Vandals, 
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Stormar, & Dit- 
marsh, Count of Oldenburg, & Delmenhorst. 

B. April 2i, 1653 ; 

st. Prince George of Denmark, 1653-1708; 
Knight of the Elephant, of Denmark ; 
naturalised in England, Sept. 20, 1683 ) 
K.G., Jan. 1, 1684 ; 
Privy Councillor, Eeb. 9, 1685 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 14, 1689 ; 
^cr. Baron of Ockingham, Earl of Kendal, 6c 

Duke of Cumberland, April 9, 1689; 
Chief Commissioner of Appeal for Prizes, 

Aug. 16, 1690 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital, 

March 12, 1695 ; 
Generalissimo of all the Queen's Forces, April 17, 

1702 ; 
Lord High Admiral of England, Ireland, & 

all the Queen's Dominions, & Foreign 

Plantations, May 21, 1702; 
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, & Constable 

of Dover Castle, June 14, 1702; 
Captain-General of the Hon. Artillery Company 

of London, June 26, 1702 ; 
High Steward of Colchester, May, 1 703 ; 
F.R.S., Nov. 30, 1704 ; 

in. the Princess Anne (afterwards Queen), d. of 
James, Duke of York, July 28, 1683 ; 

d. Oct. 28, 1708. 



Dl'KE. 




Luttrell, v. 
3° J- 



CUMBERLAND. 



499 



Arms— A cross giiles, surmounted by another, argent. In dexter canton, or, scmee 
of hearts proper, 3 lions passant gardant in pale azure, crowned of the field, 
(Denmark); m. sinister canton, gules, a lion rampant, crowned or, holding a 
battleaxe argent, (Norway) ; in dexter base, azure, 3 crowns proper, 2 & 1, 
(Sweden) ; in sinister base, or, 10 hearts proper, 4, 4. & 2, in chief a lion 
passant gardant azure, (GOTHS) ; in the base point of the shield, gules, a 
wyvern, the tail nowed & wings expanded or, (Vandals). In the centre, 
an escutcheon, quarterly, 1, Or, 2 lions passant gardant azure, (Schleswig) ; 
2, Gules, an escutcheon surrounded by 3 nails in triangle between 3 holly- 
leaves, all argent, (Holstein) ; 3, Gules, a swan close, argent, ducally gorged 
or, (Stormer) ; 4, Azure, a mounted knight brandishing his sword above his 
head, argent, garnished & trapped or, (Ditmarsh). Over all, an inescutcheon, 
per pale, 1, Or, 2 bars gules, (Oldenburg) ; 2, Azure, a cross formee fitchee 
or, (Delmenhorst). 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi-lion gardant azure, crowned gold. 

Supporters — Two savage men proper, wreathed & girdled with oak-leaves, each 
holding in the exterior hand a club which rests on the shoulder. 

Motto— Regna firmat Pietas. 



+ 



+ 



1726. 



William Augustus, 3rd son of King George II. : Duke of Cumber- 
land, Marquis of Berkhamstead, Earl of 
Kennington, Viscount Trematon, & Baron of 
Alderney ; Duke of Brunswick-Lunenburg. 

B. April 15, 1 72 1 ; 

st. Prince William Augustus, 1 721-1726 ; 

First & Principal Knight of the Bath, May 27, 

1725 ; 

cr. Baron of Alderney, Viscount Trematon, 
Earl of Kennington, Marquis of Berkham- 
stead, & Duke of Cumberland, July 15, 
1726 ; 

K.G., May 18, 1730 ; 

Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards, 
April 23, 1740 ; 

Colonel, 1 st Regt. of Foot Guards 
1742-Oct. 15, 1757 ; 

Privy Councillor, May 17, 1742 ; 

Major-General, Dec. 31, 1742 ; 

Lieutenant-General, June 28, 1743 ; 

Captain-General of the Army, March 7, 1745— 
Oct. 15, 1757 ; 
3 s 2 




Duke. 



Feb. 20, 



Sir J. Reynolds : 1760. 



5°° 



CUMBERLAND. 



1745. — 'The Duke was in 
scarlet & gold, and it seemed 
to be pretty much the same 
as his ordinary regimentals, 
only with rather more gold.' 
- — Malmesbury Letters, I., 
P- 13- 

1749. — ' The Duke . . . was 
so immensely corpulent that 
he looked like Cacofogo.' — 
Horace Walpole, Letters, 
II., p. 152. 

1754. — 'The Duke was in a 
lead-coloured cloth, richly 
laced with silver.' — Malmes- 
bury Letters, I., p. 80. 



Commander in Chief of the Forces in the 

Netherlands, April 4, 1745; 
Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews, 

March, 1746 ; 
Ranger of Windsor Forest & Great Park, 

July 12, 1746 ; 
Colonel, 15 th Regt. of Dragoons, Sept. 6, 

1746 ; 
Chancellor of the University of Dublin, May 1 8, 

I75i; 

Ranger of Cranborne Chace, in Windsor 

Forest, Oct. 29, 1751 ; 
First Lord Justice of Great Britain, April 28- 
Sept. 16, 1755; 

d. Oct. 31, 1765. 



Dl'KE. 

Mil. Bk. 20. 



Warr. Bk. 

27- 




Arms— Quarterly, I., England, impaling Scotland; II., France; III., Ire- 
land ; IV., Gules, 2 lions passant gardant or, (Brunswick) ; impaling, or, 
semee of hearts proper, a lion rampant azure, (LUNENBURG), & having grafted 
in base, gules, a horse courant argent, (Old Saxony) ; over all, a label of 
3 points argent, the middle one charged with a plain cross azure. 

Crest — On a helmet, a lion of England crowned or, gorged with a label as above. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion gardant imperially crowned or ; Sinister, a unicorn 
argent, armed, crested, & gorged with a coronet of crosses pattee & fleurs de lys, 
with chain affixed & reflexed over the back, all or ; each charged on the 
breast with a label as the crest. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



1766. Henry Frederick, 3rd brother of King George III. : Duke of Cum- 
berland & Strath ern, & Earl of Dublin. 

13. Oct., 1745 ; 

st. Prince Henry Frederick, 1 745-1 766 ; 
Ranger of Windsor Great Park, July 8, 1766 ; 
cr. Earl of Dublin, & Duke of Cumberland & 

Strathern, Oct. 18, 1766; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 3, 1766; 
K.G., Dec. 21, 1767 ; 
Midshipman, R.N., June 25, 1768; 
Captain, R.N., Oct. 28, 1768 ; 
Rear Admiral of the Blue, March 10, 1769 ; 
Commander in Chief of a Squadron, in the 

Channel, June 14, 1769; 
Rear Admiral of the White, Oct. 18, 1770; 
Vice Admiral of the Blue, Oct. 24, 1770 ; 
a Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital, Nov. 

*5> 1775 5 

Vice Admiral of the White, Dec. 7, 1775 ; 

Vice Admiral of the Red, April 2, 1776; 
Admiral of the Blue, Jan. 29, 1778; 
Admiral of the White, April 8, 1782 ; 
F.R.S., Jan. 26, 1789; 

m. Anne (Lutterell), Mrs. Horton, d. of Simon, 
\st Earl of Carhampton, Oct. 2, 177 1; 

d. Sept. 18, 1790. 



Duke. 




After J. S. Copley. 



'Though not tall, did not 
want beauty.' — Horace 
Walfoi.e, Mem. Geo. III., 
III., p. 105. 



Arms— Quarterly, 1, England, impaling Scotland; 2, France; 3, Ireland ; 
4, Brunswick, impaling Lunenburg, & having grafted in base Old Saxony : 
a label of 5 points argent, charged in the centre one with a fleur de lys azure, 
& in the others with Greek crosses gules. 

Crest — On a helmet, a lion of England crowned or, gorged with a label as above. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion gardant imperially crowned or ; Sinister, a unicorn 
argent, armed, crested, & gorged with a collar with chain affixed & reflexed 
over the back, all or ; each charged on the breast with a label as the crest. 



4- 



+ 



+ 



502 



CUMBERLAND. 



1799. 




Ernest Augustus, 5th son of King George III. : Duke of Cumber- 
land & Tiviotdale, Earl of Armagh. 

B. June 5, 1 771 j 
st. Prince Ernest, 1771-1799 ; 
ecluc. Gottingen ; 
K.G., June 2, 1786 ; 

Colonel, 9th Regt. of Light Dragoons, (Hano- 
verian Army), 1793 ; 
Lieutenant-General, May 18, 1798; 
cr. Earl of Armagh, & Duke of Cumberland & 

Tiviotdale, April 23, 1799 ; 
Privy Councillor, June 5, 1799 ; 
Colonel, 15th ('The King's') Regt. of Light 

Dragoons, March 28, 1801 ; 
Lieutenant-General on the Staff, South West 

District of England, July 7, 1803-1807 ; 
General in the Army, Sept. 25. 1803 ; 
Chancellor of the University of Dublin, Oct. 19, 

1805; 
Field Marshal, Nov. 26, 1813 ; 
G.C.B., Jan. 2, 1815 ; 
G.C.H., Aug. 12, 1815; 
Knight of the Black Eagle, of Prussia ; 
Knight of the Red Eagle, of Prussia ; 
K.P., Aug. 20, 1821 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 3rd Brandenburg (' Ziethen ') 

Regt. of Hussars, (Prussian Army), 1823; 
Colonel, Royal Regt. of Horse Guards, Jan. 23, 

1827-Nov., 1830 ; 
succ. as King of Hanover, June 20, 1837 ; 

in. Princess Frederica Caroline Sophia Alex- 
andrina, yd d. of Charles Louis Frederick, 
Duke of Mecklenburg- Strelitz, May 29, (& 
Aug. 29), 1815 ; 

d. Nov. 18, 185 1. 



After G. Dawe. 



'A tall, powerful man.' — 
Baron Stockmar, Me- 
moirs, I., p. 5 1 - 



1834. — 'Looking, whilst his 
martial figure was set off by 
a splendid hussar uniform, 
grimly defiant.' — John, 
Lord Teignmouth, Re- 
miniscences, II., p. 143- 



Duke. 




^^r 



WO. Letter. 



CUMBERLAND. 



5°3 



1851. 



George Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus, son 

of Ernest : Duke of Cumberland & Tiviot- 
dale, & Earl of Armagh ; Prince of Great 
Britain & Ireland, Duke of Brunswick & Lunen- 
burg. 

B. May 27, 1819 ; 

st. Prince George of Cumberland, 1819- 

1837; 
G.C.H., [1830]; 

K.G., Aug. 15, 1835 ; 

Crown-Prince of Hanover, June 20, 1837 ; 

Colonel in Chief, 4th Regt. of Dragoons, 

(Hanoverian Army); 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Cumijerland, Nov. 18, 

1851; 
succ. to the Crown of Hanover, as King 

George V., Nov. 18, 1851 ; 
{deposed by Prussian decree, Sept. 20, 1866); 
Colonel, 42nd Regt. of Infantry, (Austrian 

Army), 1852; 
Colonel-in-Chief, 3rd Brandenburg ('Ziethen') 

Regt. of Hussars, (Prussian Army) ; 
Knight of the Golden Fleece, of Spain ; 
Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, of 

France, i860 ; 
Commander of Maria Theresa, of Austria, 

1866 ; 
Knight Grand Cross of St. Stephen, of Hungary ; 
General in the British Army, May 26, 1876 ; 

m. Alexandrina Maria Wilhelmina Catherine 
Charlotte Theresa Henrietta Louisa Paulina 
Elisabeth Frederica Georgiana, d. of Joseph, 
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, Feb. 18, 1843. 

d. June 12, 1S78. 



{See Appendix.) 



DfKE. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., England ; II., Scotland ; III., Ireland ; on an 
escutcheon of pretence, the arms of Hanover ; over all, a label of 3 points 
argent, the centre one charged with a fleur de lys azure, & each of the others 
with a St. George's cross. 

Crest & Supporters— As the Duke of Cambridge's, differenced by labels, as 
above. 



5°4 


CURZON. 




CURZON. 


Viscounts. 




CURZON. 




r 794. ASSHETON CtJRZON, 


brother of Nathaniel, 1st Lord Scarsdale : Vis- 
count Curzon, & Baron Curzon of Penn. 

B. Feb. 2, 1733 ; 

st. Assheton Curzon, Esq., 1 751-1794; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 2, 1754 ; 

M.P., Clitheroe, 1754; 1761 ; 176S ; 1774- 

1780; & 1790-1794; 
cr. Baron Curzon of Penn, Aug. 13, 1794 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, Nov. 22, 1796; 
cr. Viscount Curzon of Penn, Feb. 27, 1802 ; 
Captain, Leicestershire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

May 21, 1818; 

m. (1) Esther, only d. cV h. of William Hanmer, 
Esq., of the Fcnn, co. Flint, 1756 ; 

vi. (2) Dorothy, sister of Richard, 1st Earl Gros- 
venor, Feb. 6, 1766 ; 

vi. (3) Anna Margaretta, widow of Alderman 
Barlow Trecothich, April 17, 1777; 

d. March 21, 1820. 




1820. Richard William 


Penn Curzon, grandson of Assheton (1): Vis- 
count & Baron Curzon of Penn. 




Arms — Argent, on a bend 
sable, 3 popinjays or, col- 
lared joules. 


B. Dec. 9, 1796 ; 

st. Richard W. Penn-Curzon, Esq., 1814- 
1820 ; 




Crest — A popinjay, wings 


succ. as 2nd Viscount Curzon of Penn, March 21, 




displayed & inverted or, 
collared gules. 

Supporters — Two cocka- 


1820 ; 
cr. Earl Howe, July 15, 1S21 ; 




trices, wings elevated, the 






tails nowed & ending in a 
serpent's head or, combed, 


see title Howe. 




wattled, & legged gules. 






Motto— Let Curzon hold 






WHAT CURZON HELD. 







DALHOUSIE. 



5°5 



DALHOUSIE. 

RAMS A Y. 

1815. George Ramsay, son of George, Earl of Dalhousie : Baron Dal- 

housie of Dalhousie Castle ; Earl of Dalhousie, 
Baron Ramsay of Dalhousie, & Lord Ramsay 
of Kerrington, in Scotland. 

B. Oct. 22, 1770 ; 

st. Lord Ramsay, 177 0-1787; 

succ. as 9th Earl of Dalhousie, in Scotland, 

Nov. 4, 1787 ; 
Cornet, 3rd (' Prince of Wales's ') Regt. of 

Dragoon Guards, July 2, 1788 ; 
Captain, Independent Company of Foot, Jan. 27, 

1791 ; 
( Captain, 1st (' Royal') Regt. of Foot, May 4, 

1791 ; 
Major, 2nd (' Queen's ') Regt. of Foot, June 27, 

1792; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, do., Aug. 22, 1794; 
a Representative Peer of Scotland, 1796; 1802; 

1806; 1807; & 1812-1814; 
Colonel in the Army, Jan. 1, 1800 ; 
Brigadier-General, in Scotland, 1803-1806 ; 
Major-General, April 25, 1808; 
Colonel, 6th Garrison Battalion, Aug. 31, 

1809 ; 
Commander of the 7 th Division of the British 

Army, (Peninsula & France), Oct., 1812- 

June, 1814 ; 
Colonel, 26th (' Cameronian ') Regt. of Foot, 

May 21, 18 13 ; 
Lieutenant-General, June 4, 1813 ; 
G.C.B., Sept. 27, 1813; 



I) A RONS, 

Marquis. 



VOL. I. 



3 T 



506 



DALHOUSIE. 



Arms — Argent, an eagle dis- 
played sable. 

Crest — A unicorn's head 
couped at the neck argent, 
armed, jnaned, & tufted or. 

Supporters — Two griffins 
proper. 

Motto — Ora et labora. 



received the War Medal &: i Clasp, 1S14; 

cr. Baron Dalhousie of Dalhousie Castle, 
Aug. 11, 1S15 ; 

Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, July 29, 
1816; 

Captain-General & Governor-in-Chief of Canada, 
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, & the Is- 
lands of Prince Edward, & Cape Breton, 
Oct. 20, 1819-1828 ; 

Vice Admiral of Canada & New Brunswick, 
April 22, 1820-1828 ; 

Commander-in-Chief in the East Indies, 
Feb. 28, 1829-Jan. 10, 1832 ; 

General in the Army, July 22, 1830 ; 

Captain-General, Royal Body Guard of Scottish 
Archers ; 

in. Christian, d. 6° h. of Charles Brown, Esq., 
May 14, 1805 ; 

d. March 21, 1838. 




1838. James Andrew Ramsay, 2nd son of George : Marquis of Dalhousie, 

of Dalhousie Castle, & of the Punjaub, & 
Baron Dalhousie of Dalhousie Castle ; Earl of 
Dalhousie, Baron Ramsay of Dalhousie, & Lord 
Ramsay of Kerrington, in Scotland. 

B. April 22, 1 81 2 ; 

st. Hon. James Andrew Ramsay, 1812-1832; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

st. Lord Ramsay, 183 2-1 838 ; 

B.A. of Oxford, Nov. 14, 1833 3 

M.P., East Lothian, 1837-1838 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Dalhousie of Dalhousie 

Castle, March 21, 1838 ; 
10th Earl of Dalhousie, in Scotland ; 



Barons. 



DALHOUSIE. 



5°7 



+ 



M. A. of Oxford, June 21, 1S38; 

Vice President of the Board of Trade, June 10, 

1843 ; 
Privy Councillor, June 10, 1843 ; 

Captain, North Mid-Lothian Regt. of Yeomanry, 

June 13, 1843 5 
President of the Board of Trade, Feb. 5, 1845- 

Tuly 6, 1846 ; 
Captain of Deal Castle, March, 1845 ; 
Colonel, 'King's Own' Light Infantry Regt. of 

Militia, April 8, 1845 ; 
Lord Clerk Registrar in Scotland, Dec. 12, 

1845; 
Deputy Lieutenant, Mid- Lothian, Dec. 16, 

1845 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Haddington, April, 

1846 ; 

an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 1846 ; 
Governor General of India, Aug. 4, 1847- 

March 6, 1856 ; 
K.T., May 12, 1848; 
cr. Marquis of Dalhousie, of Dalhousie 

Castle, & of the Punjaub, Aug. 25, 

1849 ; 
Constable of Dover Castle, & Lord Warden of 

the Cinque Ports, Jan. 13, 1853 ; 
a Major-General, Royal Body Guard of Scottish 

Archers ; 

m. Lady Susan Gcorgiana Hay, d. of George, 
2>lh Marquis of Tweeddale , Jan. 21, 1836 ; 
(d. May 4, 1853) ; 

d. Dec. 19, i860. 




+ 

U2 



+ 



Marquis. 



5 o3 



DANBY. 



DANBY. 



DANVERS. 



1626. 



Earl of 




Henry Danvers, 2nd son of Sir John Danvers, Knight 

Danbv, & Baron Danvers of Dantsey. 

B. June 28, 1573 ; 

Page to Sir Philip Sidney ; 

Volunteer under Prince Maurice of Orange ; 

Captain of English Foot, (Holland), 1591 ; 

Knight, (by Earl of Essex), Oct. 8, 1591 ; 

Captain of a Man-of-War, 1597; 

Lieutenant-General of the Horse, (Ireland), 

Sept., 1599; 
Captain of Horse, (Ireland), 1599 ; 
attainted, 1601 ; 

Governor of Armagh, [July], 1601 ; 
Serjeant- Major General of the Army, (Ireland), 

July-Oct., 1602 ; 
cr. Baron Danvers of Dantsey, July 21, 1603; 
restored in blood, May 27, 1605 ; 
Lord President of Minister, Nov. 14, 1607- 

April, 16 1 5 ; 
Keeper of St. James's House, (in reversion), 

June 15, 1613; 
Ranger & Launder of Wichwood Forest, Oct. 

21, 1615 ; 
Captain, Warden, & Governor of Guernsey, & 

Castle Cornet, March 23, 1620; 
Keeper of St. James's House, July 1, 1621 ; 
cr. Earl of Danby, Feb. 7, 1626 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 20, 1628 ; 
Steward & Receiver of the Honour of Pickering- 

leigh, Constable of Pickering Castle, & 

Master of the Game, Nov. 22, 1628 ; 
Councillor of Wales, May 12, 1633; 



After a painter unknown. 



Earls. 



MSS. Harl. 

288 & 6063. 



Moryson, i. 
p. 97. 

Ibid. p. 100. 
Ibid. p. 290. 

Ibid. ii. 165. 

Journ. L. ii. 
445- 

I.ascelles, 
ii. 184. 

Pat. 14. 

Pat. 6. 



D'Ewes, it. 

202. 



Docquet. 



DANB V. 



5°9 



K.G., Nov. 7, 1633; 

a Commissioner of Regency, Aug. 9-Nov. 25, 

1641 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Wilts ; 

d. Jan. 20, 1644. 




Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., Gules, a chevron between 3 mullets pierced or, 
(Danvers) ; II. & III., Parti per pale, or & argent, 3 bars nebule gules, 
(Dauntsey). 

Crest — On a wreath, a wyvern with wing elevated or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a griffin with wings elevated or. 
Sinister, a leopard proper. 

Motto— Fort en loyaulte. 



+ 



OSBORNE. 



+ 



1674. 



Thomas Osborne, son of Sir Edward Osborne, Bart. (2) : Earl of 

Danby, Viscount Latimer, Baron Osborne of 
Kiveton, & a Baronet. 

B. 1631 ■ 

succ. as 2nd Baronet, before 1660 ; 

High Sheriff, co. York, Nov., 1661 ; 

M.P., York, 1664-1673 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, West Riding, co. York ; 

Colonel, West Riding Regt. of Militia ; 

Joint Commissioner of the Public Accounts, 

April, 1667 ; 
Joint Treasurer of the Navy, Nov. 5, 1668; 
Treasurer of the Navy, Sept. 24, 167 1 ; 
cr. Viscount Osborne of Dunblaine, in Scotland, 

Feb. 2, 1673; {surrendered patent, Aug., 

1673); 



1668. — 'A comely gentleman. 
— S. Pepys, Diary, p. 544 



Earls. 



Pat. 6. m. 
10, d. 



Reresby. 



Warr. Bk. 



Warr. Bk. 

Scotl. 2. 



CIO 



DANB Y. 



Arms — Quarterly, ermine & 
azure, a cross or, in the 
centre, an escutcheon argent, 
charged with a hand gules. 

Crest — On a wreath, a tiger 
passant argent. 

Supporters— Dexter, agriffin 
or. Sinister, a tiger argent, 
each gorged with a ducal 
coronet azure. 

Motto— Pax in bello. 



Privy Councillor, May 3, 1673 ; 

Lord High Treasurer of England, June 19, 

1673-Feb., 1679 ; 
cr. Baron Osborne of Kiveton, & Viscount 

Latimer, Aug. 15, 1673 > 
Lord Lieutenant, West Riding, co. York, 

Feb. 24, 1674-1679 ; 
Privy Councillor of Scotland, May 18, 1674; 
cr. Earl of Danbv, June 27, 1674; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, March 6, 1675 ; 
Recorder of Lichfield, 1675 ; 
K.G., April 21, 1677 ; 
[Prisoner in the Tower, April 16, 1679-Feb. 12, 

1684] ; 
High Steward of the City of York, Dec. 4, 1 688 ; 
Lord President of the Council, Feb. 14, 1689; 
Governor of Kingston-upon-Hull, April 1, 

1689; 
cr. Marquis of Carmarthen, April 20, 1689 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, West Riding, & City of York, 

May 10, 16S9; 
cr. Duke of Leeds, May 4, 1694 ; 

;;/. Lady Bridget Bertie, 2nd d. of Montagu, 2nd 
Earl of Lindsey ; 

see title Leeds. 




Earl. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 3, f. 9 ? 
Warr. Bk. 
Scotl. 2. 



Gaz. 



Mil. Bk. 2. 



Pat. 



DARLINGTON. 



5" 



DARLINGTON. 

KIELMANSEGGE. 

1722. Sophia Charlotte Kielmansegge, d. of Countess Platen : Countess 

of Darlington & Leinster, Baroness of Brent- 
ford. 

B. about 1673 ; 
st. Countess Platen ; 

cr. Countess of Leinster, in Ireland, 1721 ; 
cr. Baroness of Brentford, & Countess of Dar- 
lington, April 6, 1722; 

;;/. Baron von Kielmansegge ; (d. 1721) ; 

d. 1730. 



+ 



+ 



VANE. 



+ 



1754. Henry Vane, son of Gilbert, Lord Barnard : Earl of Darlington, 

Viscount & Baron Barnard of Barnard's Castle. 

B. before 1706 ; 

st. Hon. Henry Vane, [1726]-! 753 ; 
M.P., Launceston, 1726-1727 ; 
M.P., St. Mawes, 1727 ; & 1734-1741 ; 
M.P., Ripon, 1 741-1747 ; 
Joint Vice Treasurer, Receiver, & Paymaster- 
General of Ireland, July 13, 1742-Dec. 

24, 1744; 
Deputy Lieutenant, North Riding, co. York, 

March 5, 1744; 
M.P., co. Durham, 1 747-1 753 ; 
a Lord of the Treasury, April 29, 1 749-Dec. 1 6, 

!755 ; 

Lieutenant, co. Durham, March 20, 1753 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron Barnard, April 26, 1753 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, & Vice Admiral, co. Durham, 
April 26, 1753; 



Countess, 
Earls. 



5 J" 



DARLINGTON. 



cr. Viscount Barnard, & Earl of Darlington, 

April 3, 1754 j 
Vice Admiral, co. Durham, Feb. 20, 1755 > 
Joint Paymaster-General of the Forces, Dec. 16, 

1755; 
?;/. Lady Grace Fitz-Roy, d. 6° co-h. of Charles, 
1st Duke of Cleveland, Sept. 2, 1725 ; (d. 
Sept. 29, 1763); 

d. March 6, 1758. 



175S. Henry Vane II., son of Henry I. : Earl of Darlington, Viscount 

& Baron Barnard of Barnard's Castle. 

B. 1726 ; 

st. Henry Vane, Esq., 1744-1753; 

Lieutenant & Captain, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, 

Feb. 22, 1747 ; 
M.P., Downton, 1 749-1 753 ; 
cr. M.A. of Cambridge, July 3, 1749 ; 
Captain & Lieut-Colonel, 'Coldstream' Regt. 

of Foot Guards, Feb. 6, 1750 ; 
st. Hon. Henry Vane, 1753— 1754 ; 
M.P., co. Durham, 1753 ; & 1754-1758 j 
st. Viscount Barnard, 1 754-1 758; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Darlington, March 6, 

1758; 
Lord Lieutenant, & Vice Admiral, co. Durham, 

June 3, 1758; 

Colonel, Durham Regt. of Militia, Oct. 26, 

J 759; 
Master of the Jewel Office, Jan. 29, 1763 ; 

Governor of Carlisle, Aug., 1763 ; 

Alderman of Carlisle ; 

Colonel in the Army, (during service), July 2, 

1779; 

;;/. Margaret Lowthcr, sister of James, 1st Earl 
of Lonsdale, March 10, 1757 ; (d. Sept. 11, 
1800); 

d. Sept. 8, 1792. 



Earls. 



DARLINGTON. 



5i3 



1792. William Henry Vane, son of Henry II. : Earl of Darlington, 

Viscount & Baron Barnard of Barnard's Castle. 

B. July 27, 1766 ; 

st. Viscount Barnard, 1 766-1792 ; 

Lieutenant, Durham Regt. of Militia, May 24, 

1779; 
Captain, do., May 3, 1782 ; 

Major, do., Oct. 10, 1786; 

M.P., Winchelsea, 1 790-1 792 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Darlington, Sept. 8, 

1792 ; 
Colonel, Durham Regt of Militia, Dec. 23, 

1792; 
Lord Lieutenant, & Vice Admiral, co. Durham, 

(swn.), May 9, 1793 ; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), March 14, 

1794; 
Colonel, < Princess of Wales's ' Regt. of Fencible 

Cavalry, April 14, 1795-May n, 1799; 
cr. Marquis of Cleveland, Oct. 5, 1827 ; 

m. (1) Lady Catherine Paulet, 2nd d. 6- co-k. of 
Harry, last Duke of Bolton, Sept. 19, 1787: 
(d. June 17, 1807); 

m. (2) Elizabeth, d. of Mr. Robert Russell, 
July 27, 1813 ; 

see title Cleveland. 



Arms— Azure, 3 left-hand gauntlets or. 

Crest — A hand erect in armour, grasping a dagger proper, pommel & hilt or. 

Supporters— Dexter, a griffin, wings elevated argent, gorged with a plain collar 

azure, charged with 3 left-hand gauntlets or ; Sinister, an antelope or, with a 

like collar, charged with 3 martlets gold. 

Motto— Nec temere, nec timide. 



vol. i. 



3 u 



Earl 



5H 



DARTMOUTH. 




DARTMOUTH. 

LEGGE. 

1682. George Legge, son of William Legge, Esq. : Baron Dartmouth of 

Dartmouth. 

B. 1647; 

st. George Legge, Esq., [i667]-i682 ; 

Captain, Royal Navy, 1667 ; 

M.P., Ludgershal, 1668-1679 5 

Groom of the Bedchamber to James, Duke of 

York; 
Captain of Foot, (Tower of London), Oct. n, 

1669 ; 
Lieutenant Governor of Portsmouth, Nov. 20, 

1670; 
Member of the Board of Ordnance, Sept. to, 

1671 ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance, Dec. 7, 

1672 j 
"Warden & Captain of the Town & Isle of 

Portsmouth, Aug. n, 1673-Feb. 4, 1682 ; 
Master of the Horse to the Duke of York, 

1673; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Duke of 

York, 1673; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, Feb. 18, 167S- 

1679; 
General of the Artillery, (Flanders), May 1, 

1678; 
Brigadier of Foot, (Flanders), 1678 ; 
M.P., Portsmouth, 1679; 1679; & 1681-16S2; 
Master General of the Ordnance, Jan. 28, 16S2; 
Privy Councillor, March 3, 1682 ; 
cr. Baron Dartmouth of Dartmouth, Dec. 2, 

1682 ; 
Master of the Trinity House, June 11, 1683 ; 



Baron, 
Earls. 



After P. van Banc. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 11. 



Mi'. Bk. 



Ibid. 



Pat. 



Pat. 



Mil. Bk. 3. 

Ibid. 



Admiral of a Fleet, Captain-General in Africa, 

& Governor of Tangiers, Aug. 10, 1683- 

March 30, 16S4; 
Master of the Horse, April 10, 1685-Dec. 23, 

1688; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hants, May 2, 1685 ; 
Colonel, 'Royal' Regt. of Fusiliers, June n, 

1685-1689 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, Tower Hamlets, June 22, 

1685-1688; 
Governor of the Tower of London, June 24, 

1685-1688 ; 
Assistant of the Trinity House, July 8, 1685 ; 
High Steward of Kingston-on-Thames, Oct. 28, 

1685-1689 ; 
Recorder of Lichfield, 1 686-1 688 ; 
High Steward of Dartmouth ; 
High Steward of King's College, Cambridge ; 
Admiral of the Fleet, Oct. 2, 1688-Jan. 14, 

1689 ; 

m. Barbara, d. of Sir Henry Archbold, of 
Abbots Bromhy, co. Stafford ; 

d. Oct. 25, 1691. 



Earl. 




Arms -Quarterly, I. & IV., Azure, a buck's head caboshed argent, (Legge) ; II., 
Argent, 2 bars, & in chief, 3 mullets gules, (WASHINGTON) ; III., Argent, a 
lion rampant between 3 fleurs de lys sable, (Archbold). 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a plume of 6 ostrich feathers argent & azure 
alternately. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion argent, seme of fleurs-de-lis sable, ducally crowned 
or, & issuing from the coronet a plume of 6 ostrich feathers argent & azure 
alternately. Sinister, a stag argent, unguled or, & seme of mullets gules. 

Motto — Gaudet tentamine virtus. 



Pat. 

Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 1. 



Ibid. 

Ibid. 

Ibid. 
Charter. 



3 U 2 



5x6 



DARTMOUTH. 



1 69 1. William Legge I., son of George I. : Earl of Dartmouth, Viscount 

Lewisham, & Baron Dartmouth of Dartmouth. 

B. 1672 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Dartmouth, Oct. 25,1691; 

Lieutenant of Aliceholt & Woolmer Forests, 

Oct. 25, 1691-Jan. 15, 1707 j 
a Lord of Trade & Foreign Plantations, June 12, 

1702 ; 
Privy Councillor, June 18, 1702 ; 
Secretary of State for the Southern Department, 

June 14, 1 7 10- Aug., 17 13 ; 
Joint Keeper of the Signet for Scotland, Nov. 2, 

1710-1713 ; 
cr. Viscount Lewisham, & Earl of Dartmouth, 

Sept. 5, 1711 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 1,1711; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Aug. 17, 1713- 

Sept. 22, 1 7 14 ; 
One of the Lords Justices of Great Britain, 

Aug. i-Sept. 18, 1 7 14 ; 
Hicrh Steward of Clifton- Dartmouth & Hardnes; 

/;/. Anne Finch, d. of Heneage, qftei wards Earl 
of Aylesford, July, 1700; 

d. Dec. 15, 1750. 




After a painter unknown. 



1704. — 'A short, thick man, 
of a fair complexion.' — J. 
MACKY, p. 89. 

• Little Dartmouth.'— Duke of 
Ormond, in Stuart Papers, 
Macpherson, II., 532. 




Earl. 



VVarr. Bk. 



Arms— Quarterly I. & IV., Azure, a buck's head caboshed argent, (LEGGE) ; II., 
Argent, 2 bars, & in chief 3 mullets, gules, (Washington) ; III., Argent, a 
lion rampant between 3 fleurs-de.-lys sable, (Archbold). 

Crest — 

Supporters— \- See p. 515. 

Motto— 



DARTMOUTH. 



5*7 



w 

i W0w 



1750. William Legge II., grandson of William I. : Earl of Dartmouth, 

Viscount Lewisham, & Baron Dartmouth of 
Dartmouth. 

B. June 20, 1 73 1 ; 

st. Viscount Lewisham, 1 732-1 750 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Oxford ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, March 21, 1750 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Dartmouth, Dec. 15, 1750; 

F.R.S., Nov. 7, 1754; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, April 28, 1756 ; 

Recorder of Lichfield, 1757; 

Deputy Lieutenant, West Riding, co. York, 

Aug- 4, 1757; 
Privy Councillor, July 26, 1765 ; 
President of the Board of Trade & Foreign 

Plantations, Aug., 1765-Aug., 1766 ; 
Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 

Aug. 14, 1772-Nov. 10, 1775 ; 
Acting Lieutenant of Aliceholt & Woolmer 

Forests, March 11, 1773; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Nov. 10, 1775— 

March 27, 1782 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 23, 1781; 
Councillor of Royal Society, Nov. 30, 1782; 
Lord Steward of the Household, April 9-Dec. 26, 

1783; 
High Steward of the University of Oxford, 
July 6, 17S6 ; 

m. Frances Catherine, only d. &> h. of Sir 
Charles Gunter Niclioll, K.B., Jan. n, 

1755 ; 

d. July 15, 1 80 1. 




Earl. 



Aftpr T. Gainsborough. 




iSoi. 




George Legge II., son of William II. : Earl of Dartmouth, Viscount 

Lewisham, & Baron Dartmouth of Dartmouth. 

B. Oct. 3, 1755 ; 

st. Viscount Lewisham, 1755- 1801 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, July 3, 1775; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Oct. 26, 1778; 

M. P., Plymouth, 1778-1780; 

M.P., co. Stafford, 1 780-1 7S4; 

Colonel, Staffordshire Regt. of Militia, March 8, 

1781-July, 1788; 
F.R.S., May 3,1781; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to George, Prince of 

Wales, May, 1782 ; 
Lord Warden of the Stannaries, & High Steward 
of the Duchy of Cornwall, Nov. 20, 1783: 
F.S.A., April 28, 1784 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 17, iSoi ; 
President of the Board of Control for Affairs of 

India, April 25, 1801 ; 
summ. to Park, as Baron Dartmouth, June 16, 

1801 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, July 15, i8or ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, Aug. 15, 

1802-May 14, 1804 ; 
an Official Trustee of the British Museum, 

1802-1810 ; 

Colonel, 1st, 2nd, & 3rd ' Loyal Birmingham' 

Regts. of Volunteers, Sept. 9, 1803-1807 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, Oct. 1, 1803; 

Lord Chamberlain of the Household, May 14, 

1804 ; 
K.G., May 27, 1805 ; 

;//. Lady Frances Finch, 2nd d. of Heneage, yd 
Earl of Aylesford, Sept. 24, 1782 ; 

d. Nov. 10, 1 8 10. 



Earl. 



After T. Phillips 



1 777- — 'A very fat, fair young 
man. ' — Malmcsbury Letters, 
I., P- 359- 



DARTMOUTH. 



5i9 



1S10. 



William Legge III., son of George II. : Earl of Dartmouth, Vis- 
count Lewisham, & Baron Dartmouth of Dart- 
mouth. 

B. Nov. 29, 1784 ; 

st. Viscount Lewisham, 1801-1810 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Lieut-Colonel, 1st Batt. 'Loyal Birmingham' 

Regt. of Volunteers, Sept. 20, 1803 ; 
B.A. of Oxford, April 2, 1805 ; 
Major, 2nd ('King's Own ') Staffordshire Regt. 

of Militia, Oct. 25, 1805 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Dartmouth, Nov. 10, 18 10; 
Colonel, 1st (' King's Own ') Staffordshire Regt. 

of Militia, April 15, 1812 ; 
Vice Lieutenant, co. Stafford, May 28, 18 19 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 13, 1834; 
a Councillor of King's College, London ; 
Vice Lieutenant, co. Stafford, June 11, 1842 ; 

m. ( 1 ) Lady Frances- Charlotte Talbot, eldest d. of 
Charles, 2nd Earl Talbot, April 5, 182 1; 
(d. Oct. 4, 1823) ; 

711. (2) Hon. Frances Barrington, zndd. of George, 



Viscount Barrington, 
11, 1S49); 



Aug 



Oct. 25, 1828; (d. 
d. Nov. 22, 1853. 



1853. William Walter Legge, son of William III. (1) : Earl of Dart- 
mouth, Viscount Lewisham, & Baron Dart- 
mouth of Dartmouth. 

B. Aug. 12, 1823 ; 

st. Viscount Lewisham, 1823-1853 ; 

educ. Eton, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Captain, rst Staffordshire Regt. of Militia, 

June 10, 1843-1854 ; 
B.A. of Oxford, June 6, 1S44; 
M.A. of Oxford, May 6, 1847 ; 
M. P., South Staffordshire, 1849 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, 



& 1S52-1853; 
Oct. 9, 1852; 



Earls. 



520 



DARTMOUTH. 



succ. as 5th Earl of Dartmouth, Nov. 22, 18535 
Captain, Patshull corps of Staffordshire Rifle 
Volunteers, Aug. 1, i860 ; 

m. Lady Augusta Finch, eldest d. of Heneage, 
$th Earl of Aylesford, June 9, 1846. 



Earl. 



DARTRE Y. 



521 



DARTREY. 



DA IVSON. 

1847. Richard Dawson, son of Richard Thomas, Lord Cremorne : Earl of 

Dartrey, & Baron Dartrey of Dartrey ; Baron 
Cremorne of Castle Dawson, in Ireland. 

B. Sept. 7, 181 7 ; 

st. Hon. Richard Dawson, 1817-1827 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron Cremorne, March 21, 1827; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Monaghan, March 20, 
' 1838; 

cr. Baron Dartrey of Dartrey, Sept. 20, 
1847 ; 

K.P., Feb. 22, 1855 ; 

Lord in Waiting to the Queen, Feb. 22, 1857- 
March, 1858; 

Lord in Waiting to the Queen, June 23, 1859- 
July, 1866; 

cr. Earl of Dartrey, July 12, 1866 ; 

Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Mona- 
ghan, Oct. 18, 1 87 1 ; 

m. Augusta, 2nd d. of Richard Stanley, Esq., 
July 12, 1 841. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., Azure, on a bend engrailed or, 3 martlets gules, 
(Dawson) ; II. & III., Azure, 3 torches argent, inflamed proper. 

Crest — An estoile or. 

Supporters— Dexter, an Irish wolf dog proper, plain collared & chained or. 
Sinister, an elk proper, plain collared & chained or. 

Motto — Toujours propice. 



vol. 1. 



3* 



Earl. 



522 




DE GREY. 








DE GREY. 

GREY. 


Marquis, 

Makchio- 

ness, 

Countess, 

Earls. 


1740. 


Henry De Grey, 


Duke of Kent : Marquis De Grey, & Baron 
Lucas of Crudwell. 

B. about 1664 ; 

succ. (jure matris) as Baron Lucas of Crudwell, 

Nov. 1, 1700 ; 
succ. as nth Earl of Kent, Aug. 19, 1702 ; 
cr. Duke of Kent, April 28, 17 10 ; 
cr. Marquis De Grey, May 19, 1740 ; 

see title Kent. 
CAMPBELL. 




1740. 


Jemima Campbell, 


grand-d. of Henry (1) : Marchioness De Grey, 
& Baroness Lucas of Crudwell ; Countess of 
Hardwicke. 

B. Oct. 9, 1722 ; 

st. Hon. Jemima Campbell, 1 722-1 740 ; 
st. Hon. Mrs. Yorke, May 22-June 5, 1740; 
succ. as Marchioness De Grey, June 5, 1740; 

m. Hon. PJiilip Yorke, (afterwards 2nd Earl of 
Hardwicke\ May 22, 1740; 

d. Jan. 10, 1797. 




i8i6. 


Amabel Hume Campbell, d. & co-h. of Jemima : Countess De Grey, 

Baroness Lucas of Crudwell, & Hume of 
Berwick. 








B. Jan. 22, 1 75 1 ; 





DE GREY. 



523 



st. Baroness Polwarth, 1772-1776 ; 

st. Baroness Hume, 1776-1797 ; 

succ. {jure matris) as Baroness Lucas of Crud- 

well, Jan. 10, 1797; 
cr. Countess De Grey of Wrest, Oct. 25, 1S16; 

;//. Alexander Hume, Lord Polwarth, (s. of 
Hugh, 4th Earl of Marchmont), July 16, 
1772; 

He was cr. Baron Hume of Berwick, May 20, 
1776; 

d. May 4, 1833. 



ROBINSON. 

1833. Thomas Philip De Grey, nephew of Amabel : Earl De Grey, Baron 

Lucas of Crudwell, & Grantham of Grantham, 
&: a Baronet. 

B. Dec. 8, 1 78 1 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron Grantham of Grantham, 

July 20, 1786 ; 
took the name of Weddell, before 1795 ! 
educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 
M. A. of Cambridge, 1801 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, North Riding co. York, 

July 9, 1803 ; 
Major, North Yorkshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Dec. 6, 1803 ; 
Lord Lieutenant &: Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Bedford, Feb. 13, 1818; 
Colonel, Yorkshire Hussar Regt. of Yeomanry, 

Jan. 22, 1819 ; 
Yeomanry Aide-de-Camp to the King, (William 

IV.), & Colonel, March 24, 1831 ; 
succ. as Earl De Grey, May 4, 1833 ; 
took the name of De Grey, 1833 5 
First Lord of the Admiralty, Dec. 22, 1S34- 

April, 1835 ; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 29, 1834 ; 
Yeomanry Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, 1837 ; 

3x2 




After W. Robinson. 



Coi:ntess, 
Earl. 



5 2 4 



DE GREY. 



Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Sept. 3, 1841- 

Sept., 1844 ; 
Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, 1841- 

1844; 
K.G., Dec. 12, 1844 ; 
President, Royal Institute of British Architects ; 

vi. Lady Henrietta Cole, d. of William, 1st Earl 
of Enniskillen, July 20, 1805; (d. July 2, 
1848); 

d. Nov. 14, 1859. 



1859. George Frederick Samuel Robinson, nephew of Thomas Philip : 

Earl De Grey & Ripon, Viscount Goderich, of 
Nocton, Baron Grantham of Grantham, & a 
Baronet. 

B. Oct. 24, 1S27 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Ripon, Jan. 28, 1859 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl De Grey, Nov. 14, 1859 ; 
cr. Marquis of Ripon, June 23, 1871 ; 

see title Ripon. 



Earls. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., Barry of 6 argent & azure, (Grey); II. & III., 
Vert, a chevron between 3 stags at gaze or, (Robinson). 

Crests — 1. On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a cockatrice, wings erect or, 
(Grey). 
2. Out of a coronet adorned with fleurs de lis or, a mount vert, & 
thereon a stag at gaze of the first, (Robinson). 

Supporters — Two greyhounds regardant sable. 

Motto— Qualis ab incepto. 



DELA WARR. 



5 2 5 



DE LA WARR. 

LA WARR. 

1299. Roger La Warr, son of Jordan La Warr, Lord of Isefield : Baron 

La Warr, Lord of Isefeld. 

B. 12 . . ; 

Knight ; 

Captain of Forces, (for Gascony), [Oct. 9], 

i2 95 ; 

Captain of the Fort of Bourg-sur-Mer, (Gas- 
cony), 1298; 

summ. to Park, as Baron La Warr, Feb. 6, 
1299 ; 

Guardian of the Peace in co. Sussex, Dec. 24, 
1307 ; 

m. Clarice, eldest d. &= co.-h. of J^ohn, 4th Baron 
Tregoz ; 

d. before June 26, 1320. 



Barons. 



1 Ung chivaller sage & preus.' 
Siege of Carlavcrock, p. 16. 



Arms, 1300 — 
' Ki les armes ot vermelletis 
O blonc lyoun e croissellettes.' 
Ibid. 



1307. John La Warr I., son of Roger I. : Baron La Warr, Lord of 

Isefeld, Wakerley, & Haralds-Ewyas. 

B. 1280; 

Page, (Vale/tus), to King Edward I., [1301] ; 

Knight, (by Edward, Prince of Wales), May 

22, 1306; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron La Warr, Aug. 26, 

i3°7 ; 
succ. as 2nd Baron La Warr, (of Isefeld), 

before June 26, 1320 ; 
Captain of 20 Men at Arms, & 20 Archers, 

(Army in France), Dec. 20, 1342; 

m. 'jfoan, d. of Robert, 6th Lord de Gresley. 

d. 1362. 



Arms, (130S) — 'Gules, crusilly 
& a lion rampant argent, a 
label azure.' -MS. Harl., 
6589. 



Arms, 1320—' De goules, a 
un leon rampant dargent 
cruselee dargent.' — MS. 
Harl., 6589. 



Pat. m. 4. 
R. Claus. m. 



Pat. 



Pat. m. 24. 



R Franc, m 
11. 



526 



DELA WARR. 



1362. Roger la Warr II. , grandson of John I. : Baron de la Warr. 

B. about 1340 ; 

Knight, (by King Edward III.), April, 1360 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron de la Warr, 1362 ; 

summ. to Parlt, Aug. 14, 1362 ; 

Knight of the Household to the Prince of 

Wales, [1366] ; 
Councillor, of Aquitaine, [Sept. 23, 1366]; 

m. ( 1 ) Elizabeth, d. of Adam, Lord Welles ; 
m. (2) Alianor, d. of John, Lord Mowbray ; 

d. (Gascony), Aug. 27, 1370. 



I 37 2 - John la Warr II., son of Roger II. (1) : Baron de la Warr, Lord 

of Wakerley, & Haralds-Ewyas. 

b. 1345 ; 

Knight; 

succ. as 4th Baron de la Warr, Aug. 27, 1370; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Northampton, [1375J; 
Commissioner of Array in co. Northampton, 

Jan. 2, 1376 ; 
Captain to oppose rebels in co. Lincoln, June 24, 

1381 ; 
Captain to oppose rebels in co. Northampton, 

July 3, 1381 ; 
Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Northamp- 
From MS. Ashm. 8o 4 , iv. ton, March 1, 1392 ; 

Gules, crusilee & a lion ram- d. July 27, 1398. 

pant argent. 




1402. Thomas la Warr, brother of John II. : Baron de la Warr, Lord 

of Manchester. 

B. 1358; 

ordained Priest ; 

Rector of the Church of Manchester ; 

summ. to Parlt. as 5th Baron de la Warr, 

Aug. 19, 1399 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Sussex, Feb. 3, 1400; 



Barons. 



Froissart, iv. 
47- 

R. Claus. 

m. 16, d. 

Froissart, iv. 

319- 

Facd. iii. 804. 



R. Franc. 
m. 8. 



R. pat. 1, d. 

Ibid. 
Pat. 2, d. 



Dugd. ii. 17. 



DELA WARR. 



5 2 7 



a Commissioner to collect a Subsidy in cos. 
Lincoln & Leicester, 1410 ; 

d. May 7, 1426. 

WEST. 

1427. Reginald West, nephew of Thomas : Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. before 1396 ; 

Knight, before 141 7 ; 

succ. as 5th Baron West, 1416 ; 

Captain of the Castle of St. Lo, in Normandy, 

[March 22, 1418] ; 
Captain of the Fort of La Motte, Dec. 5, 141 9; 
sumra. to Parlt. as Baron Delawarr, July 5, 

1427 ; 
Joint Commissioner to repress felonies, & 

administer oaths, in co. Hants, May 1, 

1434; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Sussex, Oct. 22, 1435 > 
Joint Commissioner of Array in cos. Surrey & 

Sussex, Feb. 28, 1437 ; 
Chief Commissioner to inspect the Earl 

of Warwick's Forces, (going to France), 

Aug. 10, 1437 ; 

m. Margaret^ d. of Robert Thorley ; 

d. Aug. 27, 1 45 1. 

1456. Richard West, son of Reginald : Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. 1432 ; 

succ. as 7th Baron Delawarr, Aug. 27, 145 1; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Sussex ; 

Joint Commissioner to raise a Loan in co. 

Sussex, May 14, 1455 ; 
Commissioner of Array, co. Hants, Sept. 10, 

145 8 ; 

Commissioner of Array in co. Sussex, & Cap- 
tain in the King's Army, Jan. 28, 1461 j 

m. Catherine, d. of Robert Hungerford \ 

d. March 10, 1476. 



Bakons. 

Acts, Pr. C. 
i. 34- 



R. Norm, i, 
m. 37. 

R. Norm, r, 
m. 2. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 21. 

R. pat. 1, d. 
R. pat. dors. 



Ibid. 



Acts, Pr. C. 
vi. 240. 

Pat. 1, d. 



MS. Vesp. 
C. xiv. 



5 28 



DEL A WARE. 



1476. Thomas West I., son of Richard : Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. 1463 ; 

succ. as 8th Baron Delawarr, March 10, 

_ 1476; 
Knight of the Bath, Jan. 18, 1478; 
a Justice of ' Oyer & Terminer ' in the City of 

London, July 5, i486 ; 
K.G., April 23, 1510; 
Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Sussex, 

Feb. 20, 15 12 ; 
a Commissioner to review the Army going to 

Spain, May 2, 15 12 ; 
Lord Attendant on the Princess Mary, to 

France, Sept., 15 14 ; 
Joint Commissioner to inquire into Demolitions 

& Enclosures in co. Sussex, May 28, 15 17 ; 

m. (1) Elizabeth, d. of Hugh Mortimer, Esq., of 

Mortimer Hall, Hants ; 
m. (2) Alianor, d. of Sir Roger Copley, Knt. ; 

d. Oct. n, 1525. 



Barons. 



1525. Thomas West II., 



Arms— Quarterly, I., Argent, 
a fess dancettee sable, 
(West); II. & III., Quar- 
terly, 1 & 4, Gules, semee 
of cross-crosslets & a lion 
rampant argent, (Lawarr) ; 
2 c\: 3, Azure, 3 leopards' 
heads reversed, jessant fleurs 
de lys, (Cantalupe); IV., 
Barry of 6, or & azure, an 
escocheon argent, on a chief 
of the second, 2 pallets be- 
tween as many girons of the 
first, (Mortimer). 

Colours. — Red & blue. 

MS. College of Arms, I., 2. 



son of Thomas I. (1) : Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. before 1484 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Nov. 29, 1489 ; 

Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Sussex, 

Feb. 20, 15 1 2 ; 
Captain in the King's Army, (France), June- 

Oct, 1513 ; 
Knight- Banneret ; 

Carver to the King, [Dec, 152 1] ; 
Sheriff, cos. Surrey & Sussex, Nov. 10, 1524- 

1525; 
succ. as 9th Baron Delawarr, Oct. 11, 1525 ; 
Member of Gray's Inn, after 1520 ; 
K.G., Dec. 1, 1549; 
Privy Councillor, Aug. 17, 1553 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Sussex, Feb. 18, 

!554; 



Pat. 3, m. 
17, d. 



S. P. 3024. 

S. P. 3173. 

Leland, Co' 
ii. 701. 



Pat. ?, 
m. 6, d. 



MS. Julius, 
B.xii. 



S. P. 3824. 
S.P. 4306. 

S. P. 1899. 
S. P. 819. 

Dora Eliz. 
xxiii., 49. 

MS. Had 

643. 

Pat. 1 d. 



DELA WARR. 



529 



Joint Special Commissioner to inquire into 
felonies in co. Sussex, May 8, 1554 ; 

m. Elizabeth, d. <S° co.-h. of Sir John Bamvile, 
Knt. ; 

d. Oct., 1554.. 




i57°- 



William West, nephew of Thomas II. 

B. before 1520 \ 



Baron Delawarr. 




23, 



After a painter unknown. 



Knight, 1 536- 1 549 ; 

disabled from all honours, Feb. 1, 1549 ; 

Captain in the Army (Picardy), July, 1557; 

restored in blood, April io, 1563 ; 

st. William West, Esquire, [1569]; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Nov. 

i5 6 9; 
Knight, (by Earl of Leicester), Feb. 5, 1570 ; 
cr. Baron Delawarr, Feb. 5, 1570 ; 
First Commissioner to Mary, Queen of Scotland, 

(Sheffield), June, 1572 ; 
Joint Commissioner of Musters in co. Hants, 

[Feb. 1, 1574] ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Sussex & Hants ; 

;//. Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Strange, Esq., of 
Chesterton ; 

d- 1595- 



Barons. 
Ibid. 



^ /y%f0j?el~£) 




VOL I . 



3 y 



MS. Claud, 
C. iii. 

Journ. Lds. 
i. 389. 
Holinslied, 
ii. H33- 



Dom. lix. 57. 

MS. Wood, i 
F. 11. 



Camden, 
p. 229. 

Dom. xcv. 
18. 



53° 



DELAWARR. 



1595. Thomas West III., son of William : Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. before 1565 ; 

High Sheriff, co. Hants, 1585 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hants, [1585] ; 

Knight, [March 2, 1589] ; 

succ. as nth Baron Delawarr, 1595 ; 

Joint Commissioner to exercise Ecclesiastical 

jurisdiction in Diocese of Winchester, 

June 16, 1596 j 
restored to ancient precedence, Nov. 14, 1597; 

m. Anne, d. of Sir Francis KnoIIys, Knt, ; 

d. April, 1602. 



Barons. 



P.U. 21. 



Pat. 7, d. 



1602. Thomas West IV., 2nd son of Thomas III. : Baron Delawarr & 

West. 

B. before 1581 ; 

Knight, (by Earl of Essex), July 12, 1599 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hants, [1601J ; 
succ. as 1 2th Baron Delawarr, April, 1602 ; 
Privy Councillor Extraordinary, March-May, 

1603 ; 
Joint Commissioner to exercise Ecclesiastical 

jurisdiction in Diocese of Winchester, 

Aug. 26, 1603 ; 
M.A. of Oxford, Aug. 30, 1605 ; 
Governor & Captain- General of Virginia, Eeb. 

28, 1610-1618 ; 

m. Cerile, d. of Sir Thomas Shirley, Knt., 1596; 

d. June 7, 1618. 




MS. Galba. 
E. 1. 



Pat. 13, d. 



MS. Ashm. 
1147. 



DEL A WARE. 



53i 



16 1 8. Henry West, son of Thomas IV. : Baron Delawarr & A Vest. 

B. Oct. 3, 1603 ; 

succ. as 13th Baron Delawarr, June 7, 16 18; 
Captain, Earl of Oxford's Regt. of Foot, 1624; 
Colonel of a Hampshire Regt. of Foot, [1.628J; 

m. Isabel, d. of Sir Thomas Edmondes, Knt., 
March, 1625 ; 

d. June 1, 1628. 



' Henry, the brave young lord 
La Ware, 

Minerva's & the Muses' care !' 
B. Jonson, Epitaph. 



1628. Charles West, son of Henry : Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. Feb., 1626 ; 

succ. as 14th Baron Delawarr, June 1, 1628 ; 

Joint Commissioner (for the Park.), to treat 
with the Scots, July, 1646 ; 

Joint Commissioner from the Park., to the 
Army, June 7, 1647 > 

a Commissioner of the Admiralty & Cinque 
Ports, March 4, 1648 ; 

Keeper of Finchley Chace, co. Hants, Aug. 1 2, 
1648; 

a Commissioner of the Militia for co. Middle- 
sex, March 8, 1660 ; 

Justice of the Peace for co. Hants, 1661 ; 

m. A inie, d. of John Wild, Esq., of Droitwich, 
co. Worcester; 

d. Dec. 22, 1687. 



1687. John West I., son of Charles : Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. about 1663 ; 

st. Hon. John West, Esq., 1681-1687 ; 

succ. as 15th Baron Delawarr, Dec. 22, 1687; 

Groom of the Stole, & First Gentleman of the 
Bedchamber, to Prince George of Den- 
mark, March [9], 1697-Oct. 28, 1708 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Aug. 27, 1702 ; 

Treasurer of the Chamber, Sept. 14, 1712-1714; 

One of the Tellers of the Exchequer, Nov. 4, 
1714; 
3 v 2 



Barons. 



Dora, clxviii. 
Dom.cxt.26. 



Journ. H. of 
C, v. 202. 



Ibid. 479. 



Ibid. 669. 



Journ. H. of 
C, vii. 867. 



' A free jolly gentleman.' 

J. Mackv, p. 100. 

'Formal.'— Swift, MS. note. 



Luttrell, iv. 
193- 

Establ. Bk. 
20. 

Pat. 2. 



532 



DELA WARE. 



I723- 



Treasurer of the Excise ; 

w. Margaret, d. 6° //. of J^ohn Freeman, mer- 
chant of London ; 

d. May 26, 1723. 



Barons 




(X^^f^^ 



John West II., son of John I. : Earl Delawarr, Viscount Cantalupe, 

Baron Delawarr & West, ' Lord Cantalupe. 
Ewyas, Tregoz, & Gresley.' 

B. April 4, 1693 ; 

st. Hon. John West, Esq., 1711-1723 ; 

Standard-Bearer of the Band of Gentlemen 

Pensioners, March 31, 1 7 1 2 ; 
Clerk Extraordinary of the Privy Council, 

Aug. 18, 1712; 
M.P., Grampound, 17 15-1722 ; 
Guidon, & First Major, 1st Troop of Horse 

Guards, April n, 17 15 ; 
Lieutenant, & Lieutenant-Colonel, 1st Troop of 

Horse Guards, Dec. 24, 171 7 ; 
Verderer of Windsor Park, April, 1718; 
succ. as 1 6th Baron Delawarr, May 26, 1723; 
K.B., May 27, 1725; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George L, 

June 3, 1725-June, 1727; 
Captain, & Lieutenant-Colonel, 1st Regt. of 

Foot Guards, Jan. 24, 1730 ; 
Treasurer of the Household, June 11, 1731- 

June, 1737; 
Privy Councillor, June 12, 1731 ; 
Speaker of the House of Lords, April 18, 1733; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Saxe-Gotha, : 

March- April, 1736 ; 




After J. Highmore, 1725: (in 
Pine's Knights of the Bath). 



'Long, lank, awkward.' — 
Lord Hervey, II. , 113. 



Warr. Bk. 
12. 



P. C. Reg. 



Mil. Ent. 
bk. 11. 



Pol. State, 
p. 441. 



Appmt. Bk 
261. 



Coram. Bk. 



DELA WARR. 



533 



Captain-General, & Governor of New York, & 

New Jersey, July 2, 1737 ; 
Captain & Colonel, 1st Troop of Horse Guards, 

Aug- 3°, 1737 ; 
Master Forester of the Bailiwick of Frithan, in 

the New Forest, July 1, 1742 ; 
Brigadier- General, Feb. 14, 1743; 
Major-General, March 30, 1745 ; 
Lieutenant-General, Sept. 14, 1747; 
Governor of Tilbury Fort, Dec. 1, 1747 ; 
Governor of Guernsey, April 29, 1752 ; 
Speaker of the House of Lords, March 19, 1754; 
cr. Viscount Cantalupe, & Earl Delawarr, 

March 18, 1761 ; 
General of Horse, March 26, 1765 ; 
Governor of the Turkey Company ; 

;//. (1) Lady Charlotte Macart/iy, d. of Donough, 

Earl of Clanear/y, 1 7 2 1 ; 
;;/. (2) Anne, doivagci--Baro)iess Abergavenny, 

June, 1744; 

d. March 16, 1766. 






1766. John West III., son of John II. (1) : Earl Delawarr, Viscount 

Cantalupe, Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. 1729 ; 

st. Hon. John West, 17 29-1 761 ; 

Ensign, 3rd Regt. of Foot Guards, Nov., 

1746; 
First Lieutenant, & Lieutenant-Colonel, 1st 

Troop of Horse Guards, Aug. 8, 1755 ; 
Colonel in the Army, May 8, 1758 ; 



Earls. 
Gaz. 

Comm. Bk. 

Warr. Bk. 

23- 

Mil. Bk. 17. 



534 



DELA WARR. 



Major- General, March 8, 1761 ; 

st. Viscount Cantalupe, 1 761-1766 ; 

Vice Chamberlain to the Queen, (Charlotte), 
Sept., 1 761— 1 766 ; 

Captain &: Colonel, 1st Troop of Horse Grena- 
dier Guards, Nov. 21, 1763 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl Delawarr, March 16, 1766; 

Captain & Colonel, 1st Troop of Horse Guards, 
March 21, 1766 ; 

Master of the Horse to the Queen, (Charlotte), 
Dec, 1766 ; 

Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, Nov., 1768 ; 

Lieutenant-General, April 30, 1770; 

m. Mary, d. of Licut.-Gen. J^ohn IVynyard, 
Aug. 8, 1756; 

d. Nov. 22, 1777. 



1777. William Augustus West, son of John III. : Earl Delawarr, Vis- 
count Cantalupe, Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. April 24, 1757 ; 

st. Viscount Cantalupe, 1766-177 7 ; 

Ensign, Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards, 

June 9, 1774 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl Delawarr, Nov. 22, 1777 ; 
Lieutenant, Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards, 

Nov. 25, 1777; 
Captain-Lieutenant, do., Dec. n, 1779; 
Captain, & Lieut-Colonel, do., Jan. 25, 1781; 

d. Jan., 1 7 S3. 



1783. John Richakd West, brother of William Augustus : Earl Delawarr, 

Viscount Cantalupe, Baron Delawarr & West. 

B.July 28, 1758; 

st. Hon. John Richard West, 1 766-1 783; 
succ. as 4th Earl Delawarr, Jan., 1783 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 
March 11, 1789 ; 



DELA WARR. 



535 



in. 



Catherine, d. of Henry Lye//, Esq., of Bourn, 
co. Cambridge, April 22, 1783 ; 

d. July 28, 1795. 



Earls. 



1795. George John West 




After E. D. Smith. 



Arms — Argent, afess dancette 
sable. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet 
or, a griffin's head azure, 
beak & ears or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a wolf 
cowardised argent, plain 
collared or ; Sinister, a 
cockatrice or, wings elevated 
azure. 

Motto -Jour de ma vie. 



, son of John Richard : Earl Delawarr, Vis- 
count Cantalupe, Baron Delawarr & West. 

B. Oct. 26, 1791 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl Delawarr, July 28, 1795 ; 

educ. Harrow, & Brasenose Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, Dec. 8, 1812 \ 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

July 13, 1813 ; 
High Steward of Stratford-upon-Avon ; 
M.A. of Oxford, June 23, 1819 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George IV., 

Jan. 29, 1820-March, 1S28 ; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, 1828 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 10, 1834; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Sept. 8, 

1 84 1 -July 8, 1846; 
Privy Councillor, Sept. 14, 1841 ; 
took the name of Sackville, before West, Nov. 

1843 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Sussex, April 21, 1853; 

Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Feb. 26, 

1858-June 18, 1859 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Cambridge ; 

m. Lady E/izabeth Sackvii/e, d. 6r° co-h. of John 
Frederick, yd Duke of Dorset, June 21, 

1813; 

d. Feb. 24, 1S69. 




^rOT^ 



53^ 



DELA WARR. 



1869. Charles Richard Sackville-West, 2nd son of George John : Earl 

Delawarr, Viscount Cantalupe, Baron Dela- 
warr & West, 

B. Nov. 3, 1815 ; 

st. Hon. Charles Richard West, 181 5-1850: 

educ. Harrow ; 

Ensign, 43rd ('Monmouthshire' Light Infantry) 

Regt. of Foot, July 26, 1833; 
Second Lieutenant, do., Aug. 30, 1833 ; 
Lieutenant, 15th ('East Riding') Regt. of Foot, 

June 5, 1835 ; 
Captain, 21st ('Royal North British Fusilier') 

Regt. of Foot, April 15, 1842 ; 
took the name of Sackville, before West, i 843 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to Gen. Sir Hugh Gough, (India), 

1845-1846 ; 
Acting Military Secretary to Sir Hugh Gough. 

1845; 
Brevet-Major, April 3, 1846; 

received Indian Medal with 3 clasps, 1847 ; 

st. Lord West, i 850-1 S69 ; 

Brevet-Lieutenant-Colonel, Aug. 2, 1850; 

Major, 21st ('Royal North British Fusilier') 

Regt. of Foot, April 23, 1852 ; 

Colonel in the Army, Nov. 28, 1854; 

received the Crimean Medal with 4 clasps, 

i8 55 ; 

C.B., July 27, 1855 ; 

Major-General, (local rank), July 24, 1856; 

Officer of the Legion of Honour, (of France), 

Aug. 2, 1856; 
received the Military Medal, of Sardinia ; 
Knight of the Medjidie, of Turkey, (3rd Class), 

March 2, 1858; 
Major-General, Oct. 29, 1864; 
succ. as 6th Earl Delawarr, Feb. 24, 1869 ; 
K.C.B., May 20, 187 1 ; 
a Commissioner to carry out the Abolition of 

Purchase in the Army, Sept. 30, 187 1 ; 

d. April 22, 1873. 



Earls. 



DELA IVARR. 



537 



1873. Reginald Windsor Sackville, brother of Charles Richard : Earl 

Delawarr, Viscount Cantalupe, Baron Dela- 
warr, West, & Buckhurst of Buckhurst. 

B. Feb. 21, 181 7 ; 

educ. Balliol Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, June 2, 1838 ; 

M.A. of Oxford, April 11, 1840; 

st. Hon. & Rev. Reginald Windsor West, 

1840-1870 ; 
Rector of Withyham, co. Sussex, July 1, 1S40- 

1865; 
took the name of Sackville, before West, 1843; 
Chaplain in Ordinary to the Queen, June 20, 

1846; 
succ. {jure matris), as Baron Buckhurst, 

Jan. 9, 1870 ; 
High Steward of Stratford- on- A von, 187 1 ; 
succ. as 7th Earl Delawarr, April 22, 1873 \ 
took the name of Sackville, alone ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Cambridge, April 2, 

1S74; 

m. Constance Mary Elizabeth, eldest d. of Alex- 
ander D. Baillie Cochrane, of Lamington, 
co. Lanark, Feb. 7, 1867. 



Earl. 



Arms — Quarterly, or & gules, a bend vaire, (Sackville). 

Crest — Out of a coronet, adorned with fleurs-de-lys or, an estoile argent. 

Supporters — Two leopards argent, spotted sable. 

Motto— Aut nunquam tentes, aut perfice. 



vol. 1. 



3* 



538 



DENBIGH. 



DENBIGH. 



DUDLEY. 



1564. Robert Dudley I., 5th son of John, Duke of Northumberland : Earl 

of Leicester, & Baron of Denbigh. 

B. Sept. 7, 1534 j 

cr. Baron of Denbigh, Sept. 28, 1564; 

cr. Earl of Leicester, Sept. 29, 1564; 

see title Leicester. 



+ + 



FEILDING. 

1622. William Feilding I., son of Basil Feilding, Esq. : Earl of Denbigh, 

Viscount Feilding, & Baron Feilding of Newn- 
ham-Paddox. 

B. before 1582 ; 

educ. Emmanuel Coll., Cambridge ; 

st. William Feilding, Esquire, 1603 ; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Warwick, 1603 ; 

Knight, (by King James I.), March 4, 1607 ; 

Deputy Master of the Great Wardrobe, Jan. [23], 

1619 ; 
cr. Baron Feilding of Newnham Paddox, & 

Viscount Feilding, Dec. 13, 1620 ; 
Master of the Great Wardrobe, Jan. n, 1622 ; 
cr. Earl of Denbigh, Sept. 14, 1622; 
Vice Admiral of a Fleet, (Western Seas), Aug. 1 2, 

1626 ; 
After Van Dyck. Captain-General of the Fleet, Oct. 23, 1626 ; 

cr. M.A. of Cambridge, March 3, 1627 ; 
Admiral of a Fleet, June 1, 1627 ; 
Admiral of a Fleet, Jan. 21, 1628 ; 
Member of the Permanent Council of War, 




Baron, 
Earls. 



Feb. 



15, 1628 ; 



MS. Wood, 
B.o. 



Dom. cv. 63. 



Docquet. 



Dom. 

ccclxxxviii. 

73- 

Pat. 2. 

C. H. C, 

iii. 198. 

Dom. 

ccclxxxviii. 

73- 



DENBIGH. 



539 



Councillor, of Wales, May 12, 1633 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Warwick ; 

Volunteer, Prince Rupert's Regt. of Horse, 1642 ; 

vi. Susan, d. of Sir George Villiers, of Brookesby; 

d. (of wounds), April 8, 1643.. 






ypewm 




1643. Basil Feilding I., son of William I. : Earl of Denbigh, Viscount 

Feilding, Baron Feilding of Newnham-Paddox, 
& Baron St. Liz. 

B. before 1608 ; 

educ. Emmanuel Coll., Cambridge ; 

st. Lord Feilding, 1622-1643 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Feb. 1, 1626 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Feilding of Newnham- 
Paddox, March 21, 1628 ; 

Master of the Wardrobe, [1628] ; 

Vice Admiral of a Fleet, May-Aug., 

Ambassador Extraordinary to Venice, 
1634-March, 1638; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to Venice, 
April, 1639 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, cos. Denbigh & Flint, (on nom. 
of Parlt.), Feb. 28, 1642 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, (Parliamentary 
Army), 1642; 

Major-General in Coventry & its District, 1642 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Denbigh, April 8, 1643 > 

Major-General, (for Park.), cos. Warwick, Wor- 
cester, Stafford, & Salop, June i2 : 1643- 
April 2, 1645 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Warwick, (for Park.), 
June 12, 1643 ; 
3 z 2 




1628; 
Sept. 14, 



Jan- 



After W. Hollar. 



Earls. 



Walkley, 
128. 



Dom. civ. 
16. 



Journ. H. of 
C, ii. 459. 



Army List. 



Journ. H. of 
C, iii. 123. 



54° 



DENBIGH. 



1675- 



Member of the Assembly of Divines, Sept. 11, 

1643 ; 
First Commissioner from the Parliament to the 

King, Nov. 14, 1644; 

Joint Commissioner for the Parliament, Con- 
ference of Uxbridge, Jan. 14, 1645 ; 

First Commissioner from the Parliament to the 
King, Dec. 14, 1647 ; 

Speaker of the House of Lords, Dec. 14, 1648; 

Councillor of State, Feb. 14, 1649 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Warwick, 1660; 

cr. Baron St. Liz, Feb. 2, 1664 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Leicester, 1666 ; 

Captain, Prince Rupert's Regt. of Horse, 
June 13, 1667 ; 

vi. (1) Lady Anne Weston, yd d. of Richard, 
1st Earl of Portland (2); (d. March 10, 

1635); 
;;/. (2) Barbara, d. of Sir John Lamb, Knt., 

Dean of the Arches, Aug. 12, 1639 ; 
vi. (3) Lady Elizabeth Bourcliier, d. of Edward, 

^th Earl of Bath, \\b\2\ ; 
in. (4) Dorothy, d. of Francis Lane, Esq. ; 

d. Nov. 28, 1675. 



William Feilding II., nephew of Basil I. : Earl of Denbigh & Des- 
mond, Viscount Feilding & Callan, Baron Feild- 
ing of Newnham-Paddox, St. Liz, & Le Caghe. 

B. before 1640 ; 

st. Viscount Callan, [i64o]-i666 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Desmond, (in Ireland), 

Jan. 31, 1666 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Denbigh, Nov. 28, 1675 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Warwick, Feb., 1680; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Warwick, (for Earl of 

Northampton), 1682-1685 ; 

vi. ( 1 ) Mary King, sister of John, Lord Kings- 
ton ; 



Earls. 
Journ. C M 
iii. 236. 

Journ. L., 
vii. 64. 

Journ. C, 
lv. 19. 

Journ. L., 
»*• 575- 

Journ. C, 
vi. 141. 

Pat. 



Dom. ccv. 



Sidney Di- 
ary, i. ?8o. 



DENBIGH. 



54i 



m. (2) Lady Mary Carey, d. &> co.-h. of Henry, 
2nd Earl of Monmouth ; 

d. Aug. 23, 1685. 

J6S5. Basil Feilding II., son of William II. (1) : Earl of Denbigh & Des- 
mond, Viscount Feilding & Callan, Baron Feild- 
ing of Nevvnham-Paddox, St. Liz, & Le Caghe. 

B. about 1664; 

st. Viscount Feilding, 1675-16S5 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Denbigh, Aug. 23, 1685 ; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Dragoons, Feb. 10, 1694- 
1697 ; 

Master of the Horse to Prince George of Den- 
mark, 1694-1697; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Nov. 9, 1695 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Leicester, March 15, 1703-June, 1706; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Denbigh ; 

Master of the Game in Enfield Chace, [17 10] ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Leicester, July 6, 17 11- 
Sept.. 1 7 14 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Leicester, Sept. 8, 1711- 
Sept, 1 7 14; 

One of the Tellers of the Exchequer, Aug. 27, 

1713; 

One of the Tellers of the Exchequer, Nov. 4, 

m. Hester, d. of Sir Basil Eirebrass, Knt. 6° 
Bart., June 22, 1695 ; 

d. March 18, 1717. 



Eakls. 



Luttrell, iii. 
267. 



Gaz. 



Pat. 4. 



Pat. 



1704. — ' Tall, fat, very black.' 
J. Macky, p. 71. 



Pat. 2 



1717. William Feilding III., son of Basil II. : Earl of Denbigh & Des- 
mond, Viscount Feilding &: Callan, Baron 
Feilding of Newnham-Paddox, St. Liz, & Feild- 
ing of Lecaghe. 

B. Oct. 26, 1697 ; 

st. Lord Feilding, 1 697-171 7 ; 



542 



DENBIGH. 



1755- 



succ. as 5th Earl of Denbigh, March 18,1717; 
111. Isabella, d. of Peter de Jonge, of Utrecht ; 

d. Aug. 2, 1755. 

Basil Feilding III., son of William III. : Earl of Denbigh & Des- 
mond, Viscount Feilding & Callan, Baron 
Feilding of Newnham-Paddox & Lecaghe ; 
Count of the Holy Roman Empire. 

B. Jan. 3, 1 7 19 ; 

st. Viscount Feilding, 1719— T755 ; 

Captain, Duke of Bedford's Regt. of Foot, 

Sept. 27, 1745; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Denbigh, Aug. 2. 1755 ; 
Colonel, Warwickshire Regt. of Militia, July 6, 

i759-J u] y 2 > 1779 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 9, 1760; 

Master of the Foxhounds & Harriers, Jan. 31, 

1761-1782 ; 
Lord Cupbearer, Coron. cf King George III., 

Sept. 22, 1761 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

April 22, 1763 ; 

m. (1) Mary, yd d. c> co.-h. of Sir John 
Bruce Cotton, Bart., April 12, 1757 ; 

m. (2) Sarah (Farnhaw), dowager-Lady Hal- 
ford, July 21, 1783; 

d. July 14, 1800. 




Earls. 



After N. Dance 




DENBIGH. 



543 



July 14, 1800 ; 



April 



1800. William Basil Percy Feilding, grandson of Basil III. : Earl of 

Denbigh, Viscount Feilding, Baron Feilding 
of Newnham-Paddox, & Baron St. Liz ; Earl of 
Desmond, Viscount Callan, & Baron Feilding 
of Lecaghe, in Ireland ; Count of Hapsburg, 
Rheinfelden, & Lauffenburg, in the Holy 
Roman Empire. 

B. March 25, 1796 ; 
succ. as 7th Earl of Denbigh, 
educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Warwick 

1825 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King William IV., 

Aug. 4, 1830-Jan. 5, 1833 j 
Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, (Adelaide), 

Jan., 1833 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 4, 1833 ; 
G.C.H., 1833; 
Master of the Horse to the Queen, (Adelaide), 

Dec. 15, 1834 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Oct. 19, 1835 ; 
Master of the Horse to the Queen-Dcwager, 

(Adelaide), June, 1837-Dec., 1849 '■> 
a Trustee of Rugby School ; 

;;/. Hon. Alary Elizabeth Kitty Moretoa, eldest 
d. of Thomas, Lord Ducic, May 8, 1822 ; 
(d. Dec. 16, 1842); 

d. June 26, 1865. 



Earls. 




1865. Rudolph William Basil Feilding, son of William Basil Percy : 

Earl of Denbigh, Viscount Feilding, Baron 
Feilding of Newnham-Paddox, & Baron St. 



Liz ; Earl of Desmond, Viscount Callan, & 
Baron Feikling of Lecaghe, in Ireland ; Count 
of Hapsburg, Rheinfelder, & Lauffenburg, in 
the Holy Roman Empire. 

B. April 9, 1823 ; 

st. Viscount Feii.ding, 1 833-1 865 ; 

educ. Eton, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

Cornet, Warwickshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 
April 27, 1842 ; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1844; 

Captain, Warwickshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 
Oct. 17, 1849-185 2; 

High Sheriff, co. Flint, 18505 

Captain, Holywell Corps, Flintshire Rifle Volun- 
teers, June 29, i860; 

Major, 1 st Batt. Flintshire Rifle Volunteers, 
July 15, 18G2 ; 

succ. as 8th Earl of Denbigh, June 26, 1865 ; 

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Pius IX. ; 

Hon. Colonel, 1st Batt. Flintshire Rifle Volun- 
teers, July 2, 1873 ; 

vi. (1) Louisa, d. 6° h. of David Pennant, Esq., 
of Downing, co. Flint, June 18, 1846 ; 
(d. May 1, 1853); 

m, (2) Alary, d. of Robert Berkeley, Esq., of 
Spetchley, co. Worcester, Sept. 29, 1857. 



I 



Arms — Argent, on a fess azure three fusils or. 

( The shield borne on the breast of an Imperial eagle. ) 

Crest — A bird called a nuthatch pecking at a hazel branch, all proper. 

Supporters — Two stags proper, attired & unguled or. 

Mottoes- 1. Crescit sub pondere virtus. 
2. vlrtutis pr/emium honor. 



DERB Y. 



545 



DERBY. 



Earls. 



FERRARS. 

1 138. Robert de Ferrars L, son of Henry de Ferrars : Earl of Derby 

& Ferrars, Lord of Tutbury. 

B. before 1083 ; 

Knight ; 

Hereditary Patron of Tutbury Priory ; 

succ. as 2nd Lord of Tutbury, before 1136 ; 

Witness to King Stephen's Charter of Liberties, 

1136 ; 
st. Robert de Tutbury, [1138] ; 
Commander of the Forces of Derbyshire, (battle 

of ' the Standard '), Aug. 22, 1 138 ; 
cr. Earl of Derby, Sept., 11 38; 

m. Havise de Vitri ; 

d. 1139. 



' Probus miles.'— Ordericus, 
1. XIII., c. 37. 



Ric. Hagust. 
3i5- 

Orderic, xiii. 
37- 

Ibid. 

Ric. Hagust-, 

3 2 3- 



1 139. Robert de Ferrars II., son of Robert I. : Earl of Derby, Notting- 
ham, & Ferrars, Baron of Tutbury. 

B. before 1 101 ; 

Knight ; 

Founder of Derby Priory, before 1 1 2 1 ; 

cr. Earl of Derby, H39; 

st. himself ' Earl de Ferrars the Younger ' ; 

st. himself Earl of Nottingham ; 

Founder of Bredon Priory, co. Leicester, 1 144; 

Founder of Merevale Abbey, co. Warwick, 

about 1 148 ; 
Founder of Tiltey Abbey, co. Essex, about 

n5 2 ; 
m. (?) Margaret, d. 6- h. of William Peverel, 

Lord of Nottingham ; 

d. before 1163. 
vol. 1. 4 A 



Dugd. i. 259. 
Monasticon, 
vi. pt. 1, 96. 

Ibid. v. 481. 
Ibid. v. 624 



54 6 


DERBY. 




[1163]. William de 


Ferrars I., son of Robert II. : Earl of Derby & Fer- 
rars, Baron of Tutbury. 

B. before 1140; 

Knight ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Derby & Ferrars, before 

1163; 
Hereditary Patron of Merevale Abbey ; 
Hereditary Patron of Tiltey Abbey ; 
Hereditary Patron of Bredon Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Derby Priory ; 


Earls. 




st. ' Earl De Ferrars,' i 167 ; 


Lib. Nig. 
Scacc. 219. 




m. Sybil! a ; 






d. before 11 73. 




[11 73]. Robert de 


Ferrars III., son of William I. : Earl of Derbv & 
Ferrars, Baron of Tutbury. 

B. before 1 155 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Derby & Ferrars, before 

1173 ; 

Hereditary Patron of Merevale Abbey ; 
Hereditary Patron of Tiltey Abbey ; 
Hereditary Patron of Bredon Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Derby Priory ; 






Knight, [1173]; 


Fantosme, 

0£3 




Assessor in the Royal Court, (to arbitrate be- 


yj J* 




tween the Kings of Castille & Navarre), 






March, 1 177 ; 


Ben. Abb. i. 




Founder of Woodham-Ferrars Priory, co. Essex; 


J 33' 




took the Cross, 11S7 ; 






7 1 ) 


Coggeshale, 




Crusader, 1 190 ; 


p. 61. 


' Un simple chevalier.' 


in. Sybilla, d. of William de Braose, Lord of 




Jordan Fantosme, 


L 953- Brecknock ; 

d. (before Acre), Oct. 21, n 90. 




1 191. William de 


Ferrars II., son of Robert III. : Earl of Derby &: 
Ferrars, Baron of Tutbury. 

B. before n 75 ; 




* 


succ. as 5 th Earl of Derby & Ferrars, 1191; 





DERB Y. 



547 




From his seal. 



1 247- — ' Vir pacificus & Justus, 
& annosus, & multo tempore 
morbo podagrico fatigatus.' 
— M. Paris, Chron. Majora, 
IV., p. 654. 

1247. — ' /Etate fere centena- 
rius.' — M. Paris, Abbrev. 
Chronkomm, III., 302. 



'Scutum variatum auro & sul~ 




From MS. Cott. Nero, D. 1. 



Hereditary Patron of Merevale Abbey ; 

Knight ; 

Commander of Forces for King Richard I., 

1194 ; 
a Supporter of the Canopy, 2nd Coron. of King 

Richard I., April 17, 1194 ; 
cr. Earl of Derby, (anew), June 7, n 99 ; 

St. ' WlLLELMUS DE TlJTBIRI,' II99 J 

Commander in Royal Army, (Ireland), June- 

Aug., 12 10 ; 
Lord Sewer to the King, June 27, 121 2 ; 
Surety for King John, (Convention with the 

Church), May, 1 2 1 3 ; 
Witness to the Charter granting England & 

Ireland to the Popes, May 15, 12 13 ; 
Privy Councillor, [May 15, 12 14] ; 
Steward of the Manor of Melburne, Nov. 14, 

1214; 
took the Cross, 12 15 ; 
Warden of Harestan Castle, May 16, 1 2 1 5 ; 
Commander in the Royal Army, 1216-1217 ; 
Warden of the Peak Castle, & Bolsover Castle, 

Aug. 13, 1216-June, 1222 • 
Steward of the Manor of Melburne, Jan. 16, 

1217 ; 
Crusader, May, 1218-July, 1220 ; 
Warden of Lancaster Castle, & of the Castles 

in West Derby, & co. Lancaster, Nov. 30, 

1223 ; 
Warden of the Honour of Lancaster, Nov. 7,0, 



122 



j j 



Sheriff, co. Lancaster, 122 4- 1227 ; 

Warden of the Royal Forests in co. Lancaster, 

Aug. 5, 1225 ; 
Privy Councillor, Jan., 1237 ; 
Hereditary Patron of Tiltey Abbey ; 
Hereditary Patron of Tutbury Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Bredon Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Derby Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Woodham-Ferrars Priory ; 

4 a 2 



Earl. 



Hoveden.iii. 
237- 



IbiJ. 248. 



Walt, de 

Covent. ii. 
146. 



R. Claus. 
m. 1, d. 

R. pat. m. 
12, d. 



Feed. i. 112. 
R. pat. m. 

25- 

R. pat. m. 2. 



R. pat. m. 

13- 

An. Dunst. 

54- 



R. pat. m. 
12. 



Ibid. 



R. Claus. 
m. 6. 

M. Paris, 
iii. 383. 



548 



DERBY. 



1247. 



m. Agnes, sister &> co.-h. of Ranulf de Blonde- 
ville, Earl of Chester, 1192 ; (d. Sept. or 
Oct., 1247); 

d. Sept. 22, 1247. 



William de Ferrars III., son of William II. : Earl of Derby & 

Ferrars, Lord of Tutbury & Chartley. 

B. before 1200 ; 
Knight ; 

Envoy to France, June [4], 1225 ; 
Warden of Bolsover Castle, Feb. 28, 1234 ; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Derby, Sept. 22, 1247 ; 
Hereditary Lord Sewer to the King ; 
Hereditary Patron of Merevale Abbey ; 
Hereditary Patron of Tiltey Abbey ; 
Hereditary Patron of Tutbury Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Bredon Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Derby Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Woodham-Ferrars Priory ; 
invested with the Earldom, Feb. 2, 1248 ; 

;//. (1) Sybilla Marshal, 4th d. of William, 1st 

Earl of Pembroke ; 
m. (2) Margaret de Quinci, d. &> eo.-h. of Roger, 

2nd Earl of Winchester ; (d. 1 294) ; 

d. March 24, 1254. 




Earls. 



From a drawing of his seal : MS. 
Cott. Julius, C. vii. 

Vairy or & gules, a bordure 
argent, charged with 8 horse- 
shoes sable. 



' Vir discretus & legum terrse 
peritus. Hie pedum infir- 
mitate diuturna, quae poda- 
gra dicitur, a primis annis, 
sicut ejus pater, velut hsere- 
ditarie laboraret.' — M. 
Paris, Chron. Majora, V. 
P- 431- 



R. Claus. 
m. 10. 

Pat. m. 13. 



An. Monast. 



DERB Y. 



549 



1254. Robert de Ferrars 




From his seal. 



iriAAnnr; 



jinAAj" 



towuw 



From his seal, (1261). 

' Verree de or et de goules.'- 
Roll, temp. Hen. III. 



+ 



IV., son of William III. (2) : Earl of Derby & 
Ferrars, Lord of Tutbury & Chartley. 

B. 1241 ; 

succ. as 7th Earl of Derby & Ferrars, 

March 24, 1254 ; 
Hereditary Lord Sewer to the King ; 
Hereditary Patron of Merevale Abbey ; 
Hereditary Patron of Tiltey Abbey ; 
Hereditary Patron of Tutbury Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Bredon Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Derby Priory ; 
Hereditary Patron of Woodham-Ferrars Priory ; 
Ward of William de Valence ; 
Knight ; 
summ. to Path, as Earl of Derby, Dec. 24, 

1264 ; 
deprived of the Earldom, 1265 ; 

m. (1) Marie, d. of Hugh le Brun, Count of the 
March of Augouleme, niece of King Henry 
III., before Feb. 6, 1253 • 

111. (2) Eleanor, d. of Ralph, yd Lord Basset of 

Drayton ; 

d. before 1279. 



Earl. 



R. Claus. 
m. 11, d. 



+ 



+ 



55° 



DERB Y. 



PLANT A GENET. 

1266. Edmund ' Crouchback,' 2nd son of King Henry III. : Earl of Lan- 
caster, Leicester, & Derby. 

reed, the Honour of Derby, July 12, 1266; 
st. himself Earl Ferrars, (or of Derby) ; 

see title Lancaster. 



Earls. 



Dugd. i. 778. 



1296. Thomas of Lancaster, son of Edmund (2) : Earl of Lancaster, 

Leicester, & Derby. 



1326. Henry of Lancaster, brother of Thomas : Earl of Lancaster, 

Leicester, & Derby. 



1337. Henry 'of Grosmont,' son of Henry : Earl of Derby, & Baron de 

Lancaster. 

B. about 1299 ; 

Knight ; 

Crusader in Prussia,- Rhodes, Cyprus, & Granada, 

before 1332 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Leicester & Rutland, 

Feb. 12, 1332 ; 
Warden of the Castle & District of Bergavenny, 

May 1, 1334 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Henry de Lancaster, 

Feb. 3, 1335 ; 
Captain-General, English Army in Scotland, 

April 7, 1336 ; 
Knight Banneret, [May, 1336]; 
cr. Earl of Derby, March 16, 1337 ; 
Chief Captain of English Forces, (Flanders), 

Nov., 1337 ; 
Joint Ambassador to ' the Lord Philip de 

Valois,' Jan. 2, 1340 ; 
Lieutenant in the North, Oct. 7, 1341 ; 
Captain & Leader of the Army, (against Scot- 
land), Oct. 7, 1 341 ; 




From the Hastings Brass. 



Capgrave, 
161. 



Pat. 1. 
Orig. r. 7. 



R. Scot. 
m. 28. 

Ibid. ra. 26, 



Froissart, i 
218. 

R. Vase, 
m. 3. 

R. Scot, m 
4- 

Ibid. 



DERBY. 



55* 



4 Les amies d'Engleterre a 
une baston dasure.' — ROLL, 
temp. Edw. III. 

Crest — On a chapeau turned 
up with ermine, a lion sta- 
tant crowned. 

His seal, (135S). 



* Li gentils contes.' 
'Tres bon chevalier.' 
Froissart, Craniques, I., 
pp. 218 & 220. 

'Sage, glorious, & prus.' — 

SCALACRONTCA, p. 200. 

'Valente signore.' — G. VlL- 
LANI, lib. XII., p. 252. 



Commissioner to treat with Scotland, Oct. 10, 

1341 ; 

Warden of the Castle, Town, & Co. of Carmar- 
then, & Lordship of Cantremaur with the 
Forests, Feb. 17, 1342 ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with Scotland, 
April 3, 1342 ; 

Commander of 5 Bannerets, 50 Knights, 144 
Esquires, & 200 Horse Archers, (France), 

1342 ; 
Chief Commissioner to make Truce with France, 

Jan. 10, 1343 ; 
Chief Ambassador to the Pope, (Clement VI.), 

May 24, 1343 ; 
Joint Ambassador to treat at Avignon, Aug. 29, 

J343 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Castille, 

Sept. 2, 1343 ; 
Joint Lieutenant of Aquitaine, March 24, 1344; 
Joint Ambassador to Castille, March 24, 1344; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Portugal & 

Aragon, March 25, 1344 ; 
Lieutenant & Captain of Aquitaine, May 10, 

1345; 
Sheriff, co. Stafford, (for life), June 5, 1345 : 
succ. as 4th Earl of Lancaster, Sept. 22, 1345 ; 

;;/. Isabel, d. of Hairy, 1st Lord Beaumont, 
before 1337 ; 

see title Lancaster. 



1361. John of Ghent, 4th son of King Edward III. : Earl of Richmond, 

Lancaster, & Derby. 

B. March, 1340 ; 

st. himself Earl of Derby, (jure uxoris), after 

March, 1361 ; 
succ. (jure uxoris), as Earl of Lancaster, 

March 13, 1361 ; 
cr. Duke of Lancaster, Nov. 13, 1362 ; 



Earls. 

R. Scot. m. 

5- 



Orig. r. 9. 



R. Scot. m. 
14. 



R. Franc. 
m. 11. 



Murimuth, 

147. 

R Franc, 
m. 12. 



Ibid. 

R. Vase. m. 
9- 



Ibid. 



R. Fin. m. 
20. 



55 2 



DERBY. 



1381. 



12" 



m. the Lady Blanche, d. &> h. of Henry, Duke 
of Lancaster, May 19, 1359; 

see title Lancaster. 



Henry 'of Bolingbroke,' son of John (1): Earl of Derby & 

Northampton, & Lord of Brecknock. 

B. about 1366 ; 

st. Earl of Derby, 1377 ; 

Knight, (by King Edward III.), April 23, 

1377 ; 

K.G., 1377; 

Bearer of the Principal Sword, Coron. of King 

Richard II., July 16, 1377 ; 
Custos of the Regality of the County Palatine of 

Lancaster, [July n], 1378 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Flanders, 

Nov. 4, 1383; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, Nov. 4, 

1383; 
summ. to Parlt. as Earl of Derby, Feb. 2, 1388; 
Warden of the Duchy of Lancaster, [Sept. 1, 

1388] ; 
Privy Councillor, [Sept. 13, 1389]; 
Crusader in Prussia, 1390 ; 
succ. (Jure uxoris), as Earl of Northampton, 

Sept. 8, 1397 ; 
cr. Duke of Hereford, Sept. 29, 1397 ; 

Lady Mary de Bohun, 2nd d. 6° co.-h. of 
Humphrey V., Earl of Hereford, Essex, 6° 
Northampton, 1380 ; 



1386. — ' Beau chevalier.' — 
FROISSART, Chroniqucs, X., 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., 
Azure, semee of fleurs de 
lysor ; II. & III. Gules, 3 
lions passant gardant or ; 
over all, a label of 5 points, 
per pale 2 ermine, & 3 
azure, each charged with as 
many fleurs de lys or. 



m 



see titles Hereford & Lancaster. 



+ 



STANLEY. 



+ 



1485. Thomas Stanley I., son of Thomas, Lord Stanley : Earl of Derby, 

Baron Stanley, & Lord of the Isle of Man. 



Eari.s. 



Feed. iv. 9. 



Lane. xxv. 

R. Franc. 
m. 15. 

R. Franc. 

m 17. 

R Claus, m. 

45- 

Lane. xxv. 
Acts Pr. C. 
i. 11 

Wals. ii. 197. 




o o 






From a drawing of his seal : MS. 
Cott., Julius, C. vii. 

Quarterly, I. & IV., Argent, 
on a bend azure, 3 bucks' 
heads caboshed or, (Stan- 
ley) ; II. & III., Or, on a 
chief indented azure 3 be- 
sants, (Lathom). 

Supporters — Two lions. 

Badge, [1475]— 'Gryppe' (a 
griffin's) 'lege, rasyd gold.' 
MS. 2nd M. 16 : College of 
Arms. 



VOI,. I. 



B. 1435 ; 

Esquire of the Body to King Henry VI., 

[i454]; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Stanley, Feb. 20, 1459 ; 
Knight, (by King Henry VI.), July 9, 1460 ; 
Chief Justice of Chester & Flint, Jan. 1, 1461; 
Master Forester, Surveyor, & Rider of the 

Forests of Macclesfield & Mara, Jan. n, 

1462 ; 
Steward of Blackburnshire, 1463-1480; 
Lord Steward of the Household, 1471-1483 ; 
Privy Councillor, [147 1] ; 
Commander in English Army, (France), 1475 j 
Receiver of the County Palatine of Lancaster; 
Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Lancaster, 

June 26, 1480 ; 
Commander of a Division against Scotland, 

1482 ; 
K.G., (after June 13), 1483 ; 
Constable of England, Dec. 16, 1483; 
Steward & Master Forester of Blackburnshire. 

i4S3-i5 4; 
Lord Steward of the Household, 1484-14S5 ; 
Joint Special Commissary, Deputy, & Envoy to 

treat with Scotland, Sept. 20, 1484; 
Privy Councillor, 1485 ; 
High Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster, North 

of Trent, Oct. 1, 1485; 
High Forester of England, North of Trent, 

Oct. 7, 1485 ; 
Joint Commissioner for office of Lord High 

Steward of England, Coron. of King Henry 

VII., Oct. 13, 1485 ; 
cr. Earl of Derby, Oct. 27, 1485 ; 
Constable of England, March 5, i486 ; 
a Justice of ' Oyer & Terminer ' in the City of 

London, July 5, i486; 
Joint Commissioner for office of Lord High 

Steward of England, Coron. of Queen 

Elizabeth of York, Nov. 10, 14S7 ; 
Steward of Halton & Congleton ; 



4 B 



E-ARLS. 



Acts P. C. 
vi. 223. 

MS. Wood, 
F. 11. 

C. R. R. 



C. R.R. 



Lane. Reg. 
19. 

P. Vergil, 
538. 



Pat. 1. m. 3. 



R. Scot. m. 

7- 

Hall, 424. 

Lane. Reg. 
21. 



Pat. 2, m. 17. 



Pat. 3, m. 18 



Pat. 3, m. 17, 

d. 



Pat. 1, m. 17. 



554 



DERBY. 



Nov. 10, 14S7. — 'In a rich 
gowne, furred with sables, a 
marveolous riche cheyne of 
golde many fowldes abowte 
hisnecke.' — Leland, Coll., 
IV, 225. 



Constable of Halton Castle ; 

Steward of Macclesfield, & Master of the Forest; 

Master of Sutton Chace ; 

Receiver of the County Palatine of Lancaster ; 

Master of Mirescough Park & Chace ; 

Joint Commissioner to recover property for 

King's & Eton Colleges, 1489 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in cos. Derby & 

Stafford, April 23, 1496 ; 

in. (1) Lady Eleanor Neville, sister of Richard, 
Earl of Warwick 6° Salisbury ; 

m. (2) the Lady Margaret Beaufort, dowager- 
Countess of Richmond, after 1456 ; 

d. July 29, 1504. 




j£j&frvOL&N/ 



1504. Thomas Stanley II., grandson of Thomas I. : Earl of Derby, Baron 

Stanley & Strange, Lord of Knockyn, Mohun, 
Basset, Burnel, & Lucy, Lord of Man & the 
Isles. 




From MS. Ashmole, 7073. 



B. before 1485 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Oct. 31, 1494 ; 

succ. as Baron Strange, Dec. 5, 1503 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Derby, July 29, 1504; 

Master Forester of Bleasdale, Blackburnshire, & 

Amounderness, March 4, 1505 ; 
Captain in the King's Army, (France), May- 

Oct, 1513; 
Privy Councillor, [May, 1520]; 

in. Anne, d. of Edward, Lord Hastings, 1507; 

d. May 24, 152 1. 



Earls. 

R. Pari. vi. 
373- 



R. Pari. vi. 

436. 

Pat. 2, m. 
14, d. 



M S.Julius, 
B. 12. 



Lane. Reg. 
21. 



S. P. 4070. 
MS. Tit. B. 



Quarterly, I. Stanley & Lathom, quarterly ; II. & III. Gules, 3 legs conjoined 
in the fess-point in armour proper, garnished & spurred or, (Isle of Man) ; 
IV. Quarterly, I & 4, Gules, 2 lions passant argent, (Strange) ; 2 & 3, 
Argent, a fess & canton gules, (YVydeyille). 



DERB Y. 



555 



1521. 




Edward Stanley I., son of Thomas II. : Earl of Derby, Baron 

Stanley & Strange of Knockyn, Lord of the Isle 
of Man. 

B. 1508 ; 

st. Lord Strange, 150S-1521 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Derby, May 24, 152 1 ; 

Great Forester of Amounderness & Bleasdale, 

& Keeper of Mirescough Woods & Park, 

Feb. 6, 1533 ; 
K.B., May 30, 1533; 
Lord Cupbearer for Coron. of Queen Anne 

Boleyne, June 1, 1533 ; 
K.G., Feb. 17, 1547 ; 
Bearer of the Sword ' Curtana,' Coron. of King 

Edward VI., Feb. 20, 1547 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, May 16, 1552; 
Privy Councillor, Aug. 17, 1553 ; 
Lord High Steward of England, for Corcn. of 

Queen Mary, Oct. 1, 1553 ; 
Bearer of the Sword ' Curtana,' Coron. of Queen 

Mary, Oct. 1, 1553; 
a Special Commissioner for Trial of Lady Jane 

Grey & others, Nov. n, 1553 ; 
Captain of the Vanguard, (Borders), May 30, 

1557; 
Member of Gray's Inn, [1558] ; 

Privy Councillor, Nov. 24, 1558 ; 

Steward of the Lordship of Cartemell ; 

Chamberlain of Chester, April 16, 1559 ; 

Joint Visitor of Churches in Province of York, 

June 24, 1559; 
Vice Admiral, cos. Chester & Lancaster, [1561]; 
Joint Commissioner for Ecclesiastical Causes in 

Diocese of Chester, July 20, 1562 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Chester & Lancaster, 

Nov. iS, 1569 ; 

111. ( 1 ) Lady Dorothy Howard, 4th d. of Thomas, 
2 nd Duke of Norfolk, [ Feb. 21], 1530; 

m. ( 2 ) Margaret, d. of Ellis Barlowe, Esq. ; 

1/1. (3) Mary, d. of George Cotton, Esq., of Com- 
bermere ; 

4 R 2 



Earls. 



Afttr a painter unknown. 



' He was observed to wear the 
plainest clothes, but always 
in the fashion, not too much 
or too little.' — James, Earl 
of Derby, Hist, of Man, p. 

i7- 



Mottoes— 1. Dieu et ma 
foy. 
2. sauns chang- 
er ma verite. 



Colours. — Tawney & Green. 

-MS. Coll. Arms, I., 2. 



Lane. Div. 
xh. 10. 



Wrioth. i. 21 



P. C. Reg. 
MS. Harl. 

643- 

Pat. p. 2. 



Baga de Se- 
cretis, xxiii. 



P. C. Reg. 

Dom. Eliz. 
xxiii. 49. 



Pat. 9. 



Dom. xviii. 
24. 

Dom. xxiii. 
Dom. lix. 57- 



556 



DERB V. 



d. Oct. 26, 1572. 



Earls. 




1572. Henry Stanley, son of Edward (1) : Earl of Derby, Viscount 

Kynton, Baron Stanley & Strange of Knockyn, 
Lord of Man & the Isles. 

b. 1531 ; 

st. Lord Strange, 1531-1572 ; 

Knight, (by King Edward VI.), Feb. 20, 1547; 

Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King 

Edward VI. ; 
High Steward of Ormskirk, Dec. 6, 1550 ; 
Gentleman of the Chamber to King Philip, 

July, 1554; 

summ to Parlt. as Baron Strange, Jan., 1559 ; 

Member of Gray's Inn, [1562] ; 

M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 6, 1566; 

Joint Commissioner of Musters in co. Lancas- 
ter, 1569; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Derby, Oct. 26, 1572 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, cos. Lancaster & Chester ; 

K.G., April 24, 1574; 

Master Forester of Amounderness & Bleasdale, 
&: Keeper of Mirescough Park & Woods, 
May 7, 1574; 

Vice Admiral, cos. Lancaster &: Chester, May, 

1574; 

a Commissioner for Ecclesiastical Causes in the 

Province of York, June 17, 1577 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary, (with the Garter), 

to Henry III., King of France, Jan. 20- 

March 12, 1585 ; 
Privy Councillor, [May 20, 1585] ; 
One of the Commissioners appointed to try 

Mary, Queen of Scotland, Oct. 6, 1586; 




After a painter unknown. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 13. 

Noailles, iii. 
284-5. 



Dom. xxiii. 
49. 



Dom. 



11. 3- 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 18. 



Dom. xcvi. 



Pat. 12. 



Journ. L. ii. 
109. 



DERBY. 



557 



Label (1531-1572)— Argent. 
Motto— Sauns chancier. 



Joint Commissioner for execution of the Queen 

of Scotland, Feb., 1587; 
Chief Commissioner to treat at Ostend, Jan., 

1588 ; 
Chamberlain of Chester, Nov. 5, 1588 ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, [March 23, 

1589] 3 

Lord High Steward of England, for trial of 

Philip, Earl of Arundel, April 14, 1589 ; 

;;/. Lady Margaret Clifford, d. of Henry, Earl 
of Cumberland, Feb. 12, 1555; 

d. Sept. 25, 1593. 




1593- 



Ferdinand Stanley, son of Henry : Earl of Derby, Baron Stanley & 

Strange of Knockyn, Lord of Man & the Isles. 

B. 1559; 

st. Lord Strange, 1572— 1593 ; 

Vice Lieutenant, cos. Lancaster & Chester, 

Dec. 31, 15S5-1586; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, [1587] ; 
Vice Lieutenant, cos. Lancaster &: Chester, 

1587-1588; 
summ. to Park, as Baron Strange of Knockyn, 

Jan. 28, 1589; 
M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 17, 1590; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Derby', Sept. 25. 1593; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Lancaster & Chester, 

[March 6, 1594]; 




After a painter unknown. 



vi. Alice, d. of Sir John Spencer, of Althorpe, 
Knt., about 1580 ; 

d. April 16, 1594. 



Earls. 

Camden, 
489. 



Cecil, 787. 
^Pat. 4. 

Journ. L. ii. 
142. 



Dom.clxxxv. 
36. 



1594- William Stanley, brother of Ferdinand : Earl of Derby, Lord of 

Man & the Isles. 

B. 1562 ; 

st. William Stanley, Esq., 1580-1594 ; 

succ. as 6th Earl of Derby, April 16, 1594 ; 

K.G., April 23, 1601 ; 

Privy Councillor Extraordinary, March-May, 

1603 ; 
Chamberlain of Chester, Oct. 30, 1603 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Lancaster & Chester, 

Dec. 22, 1607 ; 
confirmed Lord of the Isle of Man, July 7, 

1609 ; 
Admiral of the Isle of Man ; 
Councillor, of Wales, [1617]; 
joint Steward of Furness, Nov. 30, 1627 ; 
High Forester of Macclesfield Forest, Nov. 2, 

1640 ; 

;//. Lady Elizabeth de Vere, eldest d. of Edward, 
ijtA Earl of Oxford) June 26, 1594 ; 

d. Sept. 29, 1642. 




Earls. 



From a drawing in the Suther- 
land Collection : (Bodl. Lib.). 




1642. James Stanley I., son of William : Earl of Di;rbv, Baron Strange of 

Knockyn, & Mohun, Lord of the Isle of Man. 

B. Jan. 31, 1607 ; 

st. Lord Strange, 160 7- 1642 ; 

M.P., Liverpool, 1625 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Feb. 1, 1626 ; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, cos. Lancaster & Chester, 

Sept. 27, 1626 ; 
Joint Chamberlain of Chester, Oct. 23, 1626; 



MS. Galba, 
E. 1. 

Pat. 

Pat. 18, d. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 32. 

Pat. 



Dom. xxxvL 
63. 
Dom. 
xxxviii. 47- 



DERBY. 



559 




After Van Dyck. 



Arms — Quarterly : i, Stan- 
ley; 2, Man; 3, Brandon; 
4, Vere; impaling quarterly, 
I, Or, a chevron between 3 
eagles, displayed, beaked, 
& membered gules, (Tre- 
MOUILLE) ; 2, Azure, 3 
fkur-de-lys or, (France) ; 
3, Azure, 3 fleur-de-lys or, 
a baton sinister gules, 
(Bourbon) ; 4, Argent, a 
serpent erect swallowing a 
child, (Milan). 



Joint Steward of Furness, Nov. 30, 1627 ; 
summ. to Park, as Baron Strange, March 7, 

1628 ; 
a Commissioner for Ecclesiastical Causes in the 

North, 1629 ; 
Joint High Steward of Blackburnshire, Tod- 

dington, Rochdale, & Hidenowe, June 8, 

1636 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Chester, (on nom. of Park.), 

Feb. 28-Aug., 1642 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of North Wales, 1642 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array, co. Lancaster, 

June n, 1642 ; 
succ. as 7th Earl of Derby, Sept. 29, 1642 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, Sept. 29, 1642; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Lancaster; 
Chamberlain of Chester, Sept., 1642 ; 
Alderman of Chester, -Oct. 27, 1646 ; 

K.G., Jan. 12, 1650 ; 
Captain-General of the cos. Lancaster, Chester, 

Stafford, Worcester, & North Wales, Aug., 

1651 ; 
///. Charlotte de la Tremouillc, d. of Claude, 

Duke of T/iouars, June 26, 1626 ; 

beheaded, Oct. 15, 165 1. 




1651. Charles Stanley, son of James I. : Earl of Derby, Baron Stanley, 

Strange of Knockyn, & Mohun, Lord of Man. 

B. Jan. 19, 1628 ; 

st. Lord Stanley, 1628-1651 ; 

succ. as 8th Earl of Derby, Oct. 15, 1651 ; 

Hereditary Admiral of the Isle of Man ; 



Earls. 
Lane. Div. 
xii. 32. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 32. 

Journ. C. ii. 
459- 



Lane. Ltcy. 
ii. 280. 



Whitelocke, 
226. 




After a painter unknown. 



Lord Lieutenant, cos. Lancaster & Chester, 

July 30, 1660 ; 
Chamberlain of Chester, Aug. 5, 1660 ; 
Bearer of the Third Sword, Coron. of King 

Charles II., April 23, 1661 ; 
Vice Admiral, cos. Lancaster & Chester, June 8, 

1661 ; 

Great. Forester of the Forest of Macclesfield, & 

Steward of Macclesfield, Aug. 20, 1661 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Chester ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, July 17, 1662 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Chester, July 19, 

1662 ; 

Mayor of Chester, 166S ; 

in. Dorothea Helena, d. of John Kirkhoven, 
Baron Rupa, 1650 ; 

d. Dec. 21, 1672. 



1672. William George Richard Stanley, son of Charles : Earl of Derby, 

Baron Stanley, & Strange of Knockyn, Lord of 
Man. 

B. about 1655 ; 

st. Lord Strange, [i66o]-i672 ; 

Joint Chamberlain, co. Chester, Aug. 15, 1660; 

succ. as 9th Earl of Derby, Dec. 21, 1672 ; 

Admiral of the Isle of Man ; 

Vice Admiral, cos. Lancaster & Chester, Feb. 1, 

1673 5 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Chester & Lancaster, 

May 3, 1676-Aug. 8, 16S7 ; 
Chamberlain of Chester, March 2, 1677 ; 
Alderman of Chester, 1684 ; 
Bearer of the Second Sword, Coron. of King 

James II., April 23, 1685; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Lancaster & Chester, 

Oct. 17-Dec. 23, 16S8 ; 
From Sandford's Coronation of King Lord Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, June 8. 1702; 

James II., 1685. . ' J ' ' 

Lord Lieutenant of North Wales, (except co. 
Denbigh), June 8, 1702; 




Earls. 

Tat. 
Pat. 

Walker,p.9C. 
Mun. Bk. i. 
Pat. 23. 
Pat. 28, d. 



Gaz. 

Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 3. 

Pat. 1. 



Sandford. 

Gaz. 

Mil. Bk. 



DERBY. 



56i 



. Steward, Master Forester, & Ranger of Quern- 
more & Mirescough Forests, &: Master 
Forester of Amoundemess & Bleasdale, 
June 30, 1702 ; 
Mayor of Chester, 1 702 ; 

m. Lady Elizabeth Butler, d. of ffimes, 1st 
Duke of Ormond, July 10, 1673; 

d. Nov. 5, 1702. 

1702. James Stanley II., brother of William George Richard : Earl of 

Derby, Baron Stanley, Strange of Knockyn, & 
Mohun, Lord of Man. 

B. July 3, r664 ; 

st. Hon. James Stanley, 1 664-1 702 ; 

M.P., Clitheroe, 1 685-1 687 ; 

M.P., Preston, 1689-1690 ; 

Captain & Lieut. -Colonel, Foot Guards ; 

Groom of the Bedchamber to King William III., 
June 6, 1 689-1 702 ; 

Colonel, (16th) Regt. of Foot, Aug. 18, 1692- 
May, 1705 ; 

Steward, Master Forester, & Ranger of Quern- 
more & Mirescough Forests, & Master 
Forester of Amoundemess & Bleasdale, 
March 2, 1694-June 30, 1702 ; 

M.P. co. Lancaster, 1695 ; 1698 ; 1701 ; 
1 701 ; & 1702 : 

Brigadier-General of Foot, March 9, 1702 ; 

succ. as 10th Earl of Derby, Nov. 5, 1702 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, Dec. 19, 1702- 
Nov. 2T), 1 7 10 ; 

Chamberlain of Chester, Dec. 19, 1702; 

Major-General, Jan. 1, 1703 ; 

Vice Admiral, co. Lancaster, 1703 ; 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, May 15, 
1706-Sept. 14, 1 7 10 ; 

Privy Councillor, June 10, 1706 ; 

Mayor of Liverpool, 1708 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Lancaster, Aug. 19, 17 14; 
vol. T. 4 c 




After H. Winstanley, 1726. 



1704. — 'A fair complexioned 
man, taller than the ordi- 
nary size,' (turned 40). — 
J. Macky, p. 63. 



Earls. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 43. 



Establ. Bk. 
211. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 43. 



Pat. 13. 
Pat. 14. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 43. 



DERB Y. 



Bearer of the Sword of State, Coron. of King 

George I., Oct. 20, 1714 : 
Steward, Master Forester, & Chief Ranger of 

Quernmore & Mirescough Forests, & the 

Forests of Amounderness &: Bleasdale, 

Dec. 17, 1714 ; 
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Sept. 26, 

1715-May, 1723 ; 
Privy Councillor, Oct. 26, 1 715 ; 
Admiral of the Isle of Man ; 

m. Mary, d. &> h. of Sir William Morley, K.B., 
Feb., 1705 ; 

d. Feb. 1, 1736. 




1736. 



Edward Stanley II., cousin of James II. : Earl of Derby, & a 

Baronet. 

B. Sept. n, 1689 ; 

st. Edward Stanley, Esq., 1707-1713; 

succ. as 5th Baronet, 17 13 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, July 12, 

1715 ; 

High Sheriff, co. Lancaster, Dec. 28, 1722 ; 
M.P., co. Lancaster, 1727; & 1 734-1 736 ; 
succ. as nth Earl of Derby, Feb. 1, 1736 ; 
a Governor of the Foundling Hospital, Aug. 7, 

1739; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Lan- 
caster, March 13, 1742-July 22, 1757 ; 

Vice Admiral, co. Lancaster, March 13, 1742; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, July 16, 1771; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Robert Heskcth, Esq., of 
Rufford, co. Lane., Sept., 17 14 ; 

d. Feb. 22, 1776. 




After H. Winstanley. 



Earls. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 43. 

Appmt. Bk. 
2 57- 



W. Bk. 21. 



DERB Y. 



563 



1776. Edward Smith-Stanley I., grandson of Edward : Earl of Derby, & 

a Baronet. 

B. Sept. 12, 1752 ; 

st. Lord Stan ley, 1771-1776; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

Colonel, Lancaster Regt. of Militia, Feb. 2, 

1772; 
cr. M.A. of Cambridge, 1773 ; 
M.P., co. Lancaster, 1774-1776 ; 
succ. as 1 2th Earl of Derby, Feb. 22, 1776 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Lancaster, March 14. 1776 ; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), July 2, 

1779 ; 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Aug. 29- 

Dec. 31, 1783 ; 
Privy Councillor, Aug. 29, 1783 ; 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Feb. 12, 

1806-March 25, 1807 ; 

m. (1) Lady Elizabeth Hamilton, d. of James, 
6th Duke of Hamilton, June 23, 1774 ; 

m. (2) Eliza, d. of George Earren, Esq., 
May 1, 1797 ; 

d. Oct. 21, 1834. 



Earls. 




After T. Gainsborough : 17S5. 




1834. Edward Smith-Stanley II., son of Edward Smith I. (i) : Earl of 

Derby, Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe, & a 
Baronet. 

B. April 21, 1775 ; 
st. Lord Stanley, 1776-1834; 
educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 
M.A. of Cambridge, 1795; 

4 c 2 



5 6 4 



DERB Y. 



Colonel, 2nd Royal Lancashire Regt. of Militia, 

March i, 1797 ; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), Oct. 2, 

179S ; 
M.P., Preston, 1802 ; 1S06 ; & 1 807-1 81 2 ; 
M.P., co. Lancaster, 1812 ; 1818 ; 1820; 

1826 ; 1830 ; & 1831 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 23, 1819 ; 
Vice Admiral, co. Lancaster, Oct. 12, 1831 ; 
cr. Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe, Dec. 22, 

1831; 

succ. as 13th Earl of Derby, Oct. 21, 1S34 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Lancaster, Nov. 20, 1834; 
K.G., April 2, 1839 ; 
President of the Zoological Society ; 
President of the Linnean Society ; 
a Trustee of the British Museum ; 

m, Charlotte Margaret, d. of the Rev. Geoffrey 
Hornby, June 30, 1798; 

d. June 30, 1S51. 



1851. Edward Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, son of Edward : Earl of Derby, 

Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe, & a Baronet. 

B. March 29, 1799 ; 

st. Edward Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, Esq., 
1817-1832 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

M.P., Stockbridge, 1820-1S26; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, Oct. 2, 1820; 

M.P., Preston, 1826-1830 ; 

Under Secretary of State for the Colonial De- 
partment, April, 1827-Jan., 1828 ; 

M.P., Windsor, 1830 ; & 1S31-1832 ; 

Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, Nov., 1830-March, 1833 ; 

Privy Councillor, Nov. 22, 1830 ; 

Privy Councillor of Ireland, Jan. 10, 1S31 ; 



DERBY. 



565 



Cabinet Minister, June, 1831 ; 

M.P., North Lancashire, 1832 ; 1835 ■> 1837 ; 

& 1841-1844 ; 
st. Hon. Edward G. S. Stanley, 1832-1834; 
Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 

March 28, 1833-June 5, 1834 ; 
st. Lord Stanley, Oct., 1834-185 1 ; 
Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow, 

Nov. 15, 1834-1836; 
a Trustee of the British Museum, 1835; 
Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 

Sept. 3, 1841-Dec, 1845 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Baron Stanley of Bicker- 

staffe, Nov. 4, 1844 ; 
succ. as 14th Earl of Derby, June 30, 1851 ; 
First Lord of the Treasury, Feb. 27-Dec. 28, 

1852; 
an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 1852 ; 
Acting Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, & 

Constable of Dover Castle, Oct., 1852- 

Jan. 13, 1853 ; ^ 
Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Oct. 1 2, 

1852; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 4, 1S52; 
First Lord of the Treasury, March 1, 1S5S- 

June 1 8, 1859 ; 
K.G. June 28, 1859 ; 
Hon. Colonel, 1st Lancashire Adm. Batt. of 

Rifle Volunteers, Sept. 10, 1862 ; 
First Lord of the Treasury, June 13, 1866- 

Feb. 25, 1868; 

;/;. Hon. Emma Caroline Wilbraham, 2nd d. of 
Edward, Lord Skel/nersdale, May 3 1 , 1825; 

d. Oct. 23, 1869. 



Earl. 




*66 



DERBY. 



1S69. Edward Henry Stanley, son of Edward Geoffrey : Earl of Derby, 

Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe, & a Baronet. 

B. July 21, 1826; 

st. Hon. Edward H. Stanley, 1844-185 i ; 
educ. Rugby, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 
M.P., King's Lynn, 1848; 1852 ; 1857; 1859; 

1865 ; & 1868-1869 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, March 17, 

1848; 
M. A. of Cambridge, 1849; 
st. Lord Stanley, 1851-1869; 
Under Secretary of State for the Foreign De- 
partment, May 18-Dec. 28, 1852 ; 
Captain, 3rd Regt. of Lancashire Militia, 

March n, 1853 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 7, 1853 ; 
Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 

Feb. 26, 1858 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 26, 1858 ; 
President of the Board of Control for Affairs of 

India, June 5, 1858; 
Secretary of State for India, Aug., 1S58- 

June 18, 1S59 ; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, June 9, 1862; 
Secretary of State for the Foreign Department, 

July 6, iS66-Dec. 9, 186S ; 
a Family Trustee of the British Museum ; 
a Senator of the London University ; 
succ. as 15th Earl of Derby, Oct. 23, 1869 ; 
a Governor of the Wellington College ; 
a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery ; 
Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow, 

1869; 
Hon. Colonel, 1st Lancashire Batt. of Rifle 

Volunteers, Sept. 21, 1870; 
High Steward of King's Lynn ; 
Secretary of State for the Foreign Department, 

Feb. 21, 1874-April 2, 1878; 
Lord Rector of the University of Edinburgh, 

1875-1S77; , 



DERBY 



567 



Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, 

Dec. 16, 1882 ; 
K.G., July 15, 1S84; 

vi. Mary Catherine ( J Vest), dowager- Marchioness 
of Salisbury, July 5, 1870. 



Earl. 



Arms — Argent, on a bend azure, 3 bucks' heads caboshed or. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, an eagle, wings extended or, prey- 
ing on a child proper, swaddled gules in a cradle, laced or. 

SurrciRTERS — Dexter, a griffin, wings elevated or, ducally collared, & line reflexed 
over the back azure. Sinister, a stag or, collared & lined as the dexter. 

Motto— Sans changer. 



5 68 



DER WENTWATER. 



DERWENTWATER. 



RADCLIFFE. 

1 688. Francis Radcliffe I., son of Sir Edward Radcliffe, Bart. : Earl of 

Derwentwater, Viscount Radcliffe & Langley, 
Baron Radcliffe of Tyndale, & a Baronet. 

B. before 1648 ; 

st. Francis Radcliffe, Esq., [1667] ; 

Captain, Sir Walter Vane's Regt. of Foot, June 



L J) 



1667 ; 



'No man of the sword, & 
finical.' — King James II., 
Memoirs, I., p. 119. 



succ. as 2nd Baronet, before 1678 ; 

cr. Baron Radcliffe of Tyndale, Viscount Rad- 
cliffe & Langley, & Earl of Derwentwater, 
March 7, 1688 ; 

m. Catherine, d. cV h. of Sir William Eenivick, 
of Meldon, eo. Northumberland ; 

d. April, 1697. 



1697. Francis Radcliffe II., son of Francis I. : Earl of Derwentwater, 

Viscount Radcliffe & Langley, Baron Radcliffe 
of Tyndale, & a Baronet. 

B. before 1670 ; 

st. Viscount Radcliffe, 1 688-1 697 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Derwentwater, April, 
1697 ; 



m. Alary Tudor, nat. d. of King Charles II, 
about Aug. 18, 16S7 ; 

d. April 29, 1705. 



Earls. 



Ent. Bk. 20. 



1 705. James R 




adcliffe, son of Francis II. : Earl of Derwentwater, 
Viscount Radcliffe & Langley, Baron Radcliffe 
of Tyndale, & a Baronet. 

B. 1689 ; 

st. Viscount Radcliffe, 1697-1705 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Derwentwater, April 29, 

1705 ; 

Commander in the Jacobite Army, Oct. 6- 
Nov. 13, 1715; 

m. Anna Maria, eldest d. of Sir yohn Webb, 
Bart., of Odstoe, eo. Wilts ; 

beheaded, Feb. 24, 1716. 



Earl. 



After Sir G. Kneller. 



' A man formed by nature to 
be generally beloved.' — 
Rev. Robt. Patten, His- 
tory of the late Rebellion, 
1717, p. 60. 



Arms — Argent, a bend engrailed sable. 

Crest — On a wreath, a bull's head erased sable, armed, & gorged with a ducal 
coronet, & chained, all argent. 

Supporters— Two bulls pean, armed & gorged with coronets, & chained as 
aforesaid. 



+ 



VOL. T. 



4 D 



57° 


DEVON. 




DEVON. 




[1085]. Baldwin de 


Meules, 2nd son of Gilbert, Count of Brionne : Vis- 
count of Devon, & Baron of Okehampton ; 
Lord of Meules & Sap, in Normandy. 

B. before 1035 > 

st. ' Baldwin Fitz-Gilbert,' ' de Brionne,' 
' de Meules,' & ' de Sap ' ; 


Eari.s. 




cr. Lord of Meules & Sap, in Normandy, 1053 ; 


Orderic. 
1. viii. c. 13. 




Knight ; 






Councillor in Normandy, [1066] ; 


Ord. 1. iii. 

C. II. 




Governor of the city & castle of Exeter, 1068 ; 


Ibid. 1. iv. 


' Miles inclytus.' — Kegist. 
de Ford, Monasticon. 


1 AA 

v ' Viscount, or Sheriff, co. Devon, 1068-1090 ; 


c. 4. 


380. 


cr. Lord of Okehampton ; 






st. Baldwin of Exeter ; 


Domesday 
Bk. 




received 159 Lordships in co. Devon ; 






Founder of Ford Abbey, co. Devon ; 






m. (1) Albreda, cousin of King William I. ; 






vi. (2) Emma, d. of ; 






d. 1090. 






REVIERS. 




[1 107J. Richard de 


Reviers I., son of Baldwin (1) : Earl of Devon & 
Exeter, Lord of the Isle of Wight, & Baron of 
Okehampton ; Lord of Nehou, in Normandy. 

B. before 1060 ; 

St. ' DE REDVERS,' & ' DE RETHVERS ' ; 

Knight ; 

Lord of Nehou, in Normandy ; 






Privy Councillor to King Henry I., 1100 ; 


Orderic. I. x. 
c. 15. 




Commander in the King's Army, (co. Hants), 






noi ; 


Ibid c. 18. 




Governor of Montebourg, in Normandy ; 






Sheriff, co. Devon ; 





DEVON. 



57i 



cr. Lord of the Isle of Wight ; 
cr. Earl of Devon, after 1100 ; 
st. ' Earl de Redvers ' ; 

Second Founder of Montebourg Abbey, Nor- 
mandy ; 

///. Adeliza, d. of William Peverel, Lord of A T ot- 
ti/igliam, after 1086 ; 

d. 1 107. 



1 107. Baldwin de Reviers I., son of Richard : Earl of Devon & Exeter, 

Lord of the Isle of Wight, Okehampton, & 
Nehou. 



1 136. — 'Vir & dignitate & 
genere magnificus.' — Gesta 
Stephani, p. 20. 

' Venerabilis Baldewinus.' — 

ROBERTUS, EPISC. Ex- 

OM.e, Charta Confirma- 
tionis, a. D. 1 146. 



Device — An eagle (or griffin) 
with wings elevated, perched 
upon a crouching sheep. — ■ 
His seal : (about 1146). 



B. before 1100 ; 

Knight ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Devon, after 1107 ; 

deprived, by King Stephen, 1136; 

restored, before Aug., 1141; 

Founder of Quarr Abbey, Isle of Wight, 1132 

Founder of St. James's Priory, Exeter ; 

Founder of Brummore Abbey, Wilts ; 

Patron of Montebourg Abbey ; 

vi. (1) Lucia ; 
m. (2) Adeliza ; 

d. June 4, 1 155. 



1 155. Richard de Reviers II., son of Baldwin I. (1) : Earl of Devon 

& Exeter, Lord of the Isle of Wight & Oke- 
hampton. 

B. before 11 25 ; 

Knight ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Devon, June 4, 1155 ; 

Patron of Montebourg Abbey ; 

Sheriff, co. Devon, 1155-1156 ; 

Sheriff, co. Devon, 1157-1158 ; 

w. Dionysia, d. of Reginald^ Earl of Cornwall ; 

d. 1162. 
4 d 2 



Earls. 

Monasticon, 
v. 381, & vi 
pt. 1, 304. 



Orderic. 
1. xi. c. 32. 



Gest. Steph. 
2c, & 81. 



Monast. v. 
314- 
Ibid. 106. 



R. Pip. 10, 
m. 1. 
R. Pip. 6, 
m. 1. 



572 


DE VON. 




n62. Baldwin de Reviers II., son of Richard II. : Earl of Devon & 


Earls. 




Exeter, Lord of the Isle of Wight, Okehampton, 






& Chateau-Raoul. 






B. before 1 1 6 1 ; 




1162. — 'Parvulus.' — Rob. DE 


succ. (de jure), as 4th Earl of Devon, 1162 ; 




Monte, 307, a. 


Hereditary Patron of Montebourg Abbey ; 






Lord of Chateau-Raoul, 1 1 77 ; 


Hoveden, ii. 
101. 




m. Avice, d. of Raoul de Do/, 1 1 7 7 ; 






d. 11 ... 




11 . . . Richard de Reviers III., brother of Baldwin II. : Earl of Devon, 






Lord of the Isle of Wight, & Okehampton. 






B. before 11 62 ; 






Knight ; 






succ. as 5th Earl of Devon ; 






Hereditary Patron of Montebourg Abbey ; 






m. Margaret, d. of John Biset ; 






d. nS.p 




1 184. William 'de Vernon,' uncle of Richard III. : Earl of Devon, Lord 






of the Isle of Wight, Plimpton, Okehampton, & 






Ne'hou. 






B. before 1155 ; 






Knight ; 






succ. as 6th Earl of Devon, 1184; 






Hereditary Patron of Montebourg Abbey ; 






a Supporter of the Canopy, 2nd Coron. of King 






Richard I., April 17, 11 94 ; 


Hoveden, 
iii. 248. 




st. ' Earl of the Isle of Wight,' 1194 ; 


Ibid. 




Patron of Quarr Abbey ; 






Patron of Brummore Abbey ; 






Patron of St. James's Priory, Exeter ; 




Device — A griffin with wings 






elevated, holding in his beak 






a serpent by the neck, & 






perched upon a crouching 






sheep. — His seal : (before 






1 184). 


;;/. Mabel, d. of Robert, Count of Men/an ; 
d. (before Sept. 12), 12 17. 





DE VON. 



573 



1 21 7. Baldwin de Reviers III., grandson of William : Earl of Devon & 

Exeter, Lord of the Isle of Wight. 



Eari.s. 



' Scu7. aur. leo de az. 




From MS. Cott. Nero, D. 1. 



B. 1216 or 1217 ; 

succ. (de jure), as 7 th Earl of Devon, before 

Sept. 12, 121 7 ; 
Knight, (by King Henry III.), Dec. 25, 1240; 
invested with the Earldom of Devon, Dec. 25, 

1240 ; 
Patron of Quarr Abbey ; 
Patron of Brummore Abbey ; 
Patron of St. James's Priory, Exeter ; 

in. Amicia de Clare, d. of Gilbert, Earl of Glou- 
cester, 1226 ; 

d. Feb. 15, 1245. 



M. Paris. 
Hist. Min. 
ii. 428. 

Ibid. 



'Juvenis elegantissimus.' — M. 
Paris, Hist. Minor, II. , 
5°9- 

'Miles juvenis & elegans.'— 
Ibid. 



1245. Baldwin de Reviers IV., son of Baldwin III. : Earl of Devon & 

Exeter, Lord of the Isle of Wight. 

B. Jan. 2, 1235 ; 

succ. (dejure), as 8th Earl of Devon, Feb. 15, 

1245 ; 
Knight, (by King Henry III.), Oct. 13, 1260 ; 

st. ' Baldwin de l'Isle,' 1261 ; 

Chief Keeper of the Manor of Sweneston, 

Oct. 21, 1261 ; 
Lord Attendant on King Henry III. to France, 

July [10], 1262 ; 

;;/. Margaret, Countess of Ribourg, d. of Thomas, 
Count of Savoy, 1257; 

d. (at Paris), July, 1262. 



' Nobilis juvenis & pulcherri- 
mus.' — Annates de Burton, 
p. 499. 



I R. pat. m. 2. 
R. pat m. 2. 
R. pat. m. 7. 



574 


1 

DEVON. 


1262. Isabel de Forts, 


sister of Baldwin IV. : Countess of Devon & 
Albemarle, Lady of the Isle of Wight. 

B. 1237 ; 

succ. as Lady of the Isle, & Countess of Devon, 
July, 1262 ; 

;;/. William de Forts III., Earl of Albemarle, 
1248 ; 

d. Nov. 9, 1293. 


Countess. 
Earl. 


+ 


+ + 
COURTENAY. 




1335. Hugh de Courtenay II., son of Hugh, 4th Baron of Okehampton : 






Earl of Devonshire, & Baron Courtenay of 






Okehampton. 






B. 1275; 






succ. as 5th Baron Courtenay, 1291 ; 






summ. to Parlt, Feb. 5, 1299 ; 




1^00. 


Captain in English Army, (Scotland), 1300 ; 


R. Carlav. 


' Du bon Hue de Courtenai 


Knight (by Edward, Prince of Wales), May 22, 




La baniere obliee ne ai, 


1306 ; 




De or fin o trois rouges rond- 


One of the Lords Ordainers of Reform, (swn.), 




eaux 
Et azurins fu li labeaus.' 


March 10, 13 13 ; 




Siege of Carlaverock, p. 30. 


Justice of the Peace in co. Devon, June 14, 






1316; 


Pat. 2, m. 7. 




Privy Councillor, Aug. 9, 1318 j 


R. Pari. i. 

4^1 




Chief Warden of the Ports & Coasts, cos. 


TJO" 




Cornwall & Devon, Aug. 4, 1324 : 


R. Vase, 
m. 28, d. 




First Commissioner of Array in cos. Cornwall 






& Devon, Jan. 23, 1326 ; 


Pat. 1, m. 3. 




Captain & Chief Commissioner of Array in cos. 




Arms — ' Dor ov iij tourtaux 


Cornwall & Devon, May 10, 1326 ; 


Pat. 2, m. 9. 


de gules ov ung labell 


Chief Justiciar of the Woods & Parks in cos. 




dazure.' — MS. IIarl. 6589, 


Gloucester, Somerset, Dorset, Wilts, & 




f. 23. 


Hants, May 15, 1328 ; 
Warden of the Hundred of Buddeleigh, co. 


Orig. r. 20. 




Devon, Dec. 20, 1330; 


Orig. r. 16. 



DEVONSHIRE. 



575 



1338. — 'Miles octogenarius.' 
Galfridus le Baker, p. 
136. 



Chief Guardian of the Peace in co. Devon, 

i33 2 ; 
cr. Earl of Devonshire, Feb. 22, 1335; 
Chief Warden of the Ports & Coasts of Devon. 

May I, 1336 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array in cos. Cornwall, 

Devon, Somerset, & Dorset, July 7, 1338; 

;;/. Agues, sister of John, Lord St. John, 1292; 

d. before Jan. 3, 1341. 




Earls. 

Pat. 1, m. 
11, d. 



Pat. 2, m. 
17, d. 



1341. Hugh de Courtenay III., son of Hugh II. : Earl of Devonshire, 

& Baron Courtenay of Okehampton. 

B. 1308 ; 

Knight-Banneret, Jan. 20, 1327; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Courtenay, April 23, 

!337 5 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Devonshire, before 
Jan. 3, 1 34 1 ; 

Hereditary Warden of the Hundred of Budde- 
leigh ; 

Chief Justiciar (for naval offences), in cos. Corn- 
wall, Devon, Gloucester, Somerset, Dorset, 
& Hants, Aug. 29, 1345; | £ J™ 

Joint Warden, cos. Devon & Cornwall, June 14, 

I35 2 ; 
Joint Surveyor of a Subsidy for the King, in co. 

Devon, June 12, 137 1 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array, co. Devon, 

July 20, 1372 ; 
Chief Warden, co. Devon, May 10, 1373 ; 

vi. Lady Margaret de Bohitn, 2nd d. of Hum 
phrey, 4th Earl of Hereford, Aug. n, 1325 ; 

d. May 2, 1377. 



1377. Edward Courtenay I., grandson of Hugh III. : Earl of Devonshire, 

& Baron Courtenay of Okehampton. 

B. about 1357 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Devonshire, May 2, 1377 ; 



From his seal (1341). 



Dor, ove trois gastels de 
goules, ove un lambel 
dazure.' — ROLL. temp., 
Edw. III. 



R. pat. 2, 
m. 34, d. 



57^ 



DE VONSHIRE. 



Joint Commissioner to receive Possession of 

the Castle of Brest, April 9, 1378 ; 
Captain in English Army, (Picardy), 1380 ; 
Knight, (by Earl of Buckingham), 1380 ; 
Admiral of the West, Nov. 12, 1383-Jan. 29. 

1385; 

Marshal of England, -June 30, 1385 ; 
Commander of 60 Men-at-Arms, & 60 Archers 

(Scotland), 1385 ; 
Lieutenant of the Duchy of Lancaster in co. 

Devon, June 25, 1386; 
Chief Commissioner of Array & Warden, co. 

Devon, Aug. 12, 1386 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array, co. Devon, 

March 1, 1392 ; 
Privy Councillor, [Feb., 1395] ; 
Chief Commissioner to inquire into conduct of 

the Lollards, in co. Devon, Jan. 1 1, 1414 ; 

;;/. Maud, d. of Lord Camoys ; 

d. Dec. 5, 1419. 



1419. Hugh Courtenay IV., 2nd son of Edward I. : Earl of Devonshire, 

& Baron Courtenay of Okehampton. 



Crest — Out of a coronet of 
fleurs de lys, a cylindrical 
plume of 6 rows of feathers. 

Supporters — Two swans ar- 
gent, ducally gorged or. 



B. 1389 ; 

Knight of the Bath, 



Oct. 12, 1399 



p u o. 



From his seal (1421). 

Or, 3 torteaux gules, & a label 
azure. 



Justice of the Peace, co. Devon ; 

Captain of a Fleet, (to guard the sea), March 8- 

Aug. i, 1418 ; 
Lieutenant of the King at Sea, April 30- 

Nov. 1, 1419 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Devonshire, Dec. 5, 1419; 
Warden of the Hundred of Buddeleigh ; 



in. Anne, d. of Richard, 1 ot/i Lord Talbot ; 

d. June 16, 1422. 



Earls. 



Froissart, 
vii. 315. 
Ibid. 317. 

R. Franc, 
m. 17. 

Dugd. i. 640 



R. Franc, 
m. 23. 

Pat. 2, dors. 

Acts Pr. C. 
i- 59- 

Pat. 5, d. 



Pat. m. 7. 
Pat. m. 4. 



1422. 



Thomas Courtenay L, son of Hugh III. : Earl of Devonshire, & 

Baron Courtenay of Okehampton. 

B. 14145 

succ. as 5th Earl of Devonshire, June 16, 

1422 ; 
Warden of the Hundred of Buddeleigh ; 
Knight, (by King Henry VI.), May 19, 1426 ; 
Justice of the Peace in co. Berks, Oct. 22, 

M35 ; 

Privy Councillor, [Oct. 24, 1437] > 

Joint Steward of the Duchy of Cornwall, [1440]- 
Dec, 1441 j 

Steward of England, for Coron. of Queen Mar- 
garet, May 25, 1445 ; 

Conservator of the River Exe, Nov. 4, 1445 ; 

Lieutenant against Rebels. June 10, 1450 ; 

Privy Councillor, [March 15], 1454 ; 

Royal Commissioner (for a Loan), in co. Devon, 
May 14, 1455 ; 

Keeper of the Forest & Park of Clarendon, 
& of the Forests of Groveley, Michelt, & 
Buckholt, July 17, 1457 ; 

Justice of the Peace in cos. Devon, Dorset, 
Somerset, Hants, & Berks ; 

///. Lady Margaret Beaufort, d. of ^o/in, Earl oj 
Somerset ; 

d. Feb. 3, 1458. 



o 



Earl. 



Badge, (1449)— ' The boore.' 
Political Poems &c, II., 
p. 223. 




^ " — "X 



^/yyen^ 3 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV. 'Golde,' 3 torteaux 'goulys,' (Courtenay) ; II. & 
III. 'Golde,' a lion rampant 'asure,' (Reviers). 

MS. Harl. 2169, f. 13. 



VOL. I. 



41 



Leland Coll. 
ii. 4qo. 

Pat. 1. 

Acts P. C. 
v. 70. 

Ibid. 175. 



Pat. 2, m. 14. 
Pat. 1, m 11. 

Pat. 2, d. 

Acts P. C. 
vi. 167. 



Pat. 2, m. 7. 



57§ 


DE VONSHIRE. 




1453. 


Thomas Courtenav II., son of Thomas I. : Earl of Devonshire, & 

Baron Courtenay of Okehampton & Plympton. 

B. 1432 ; 

Knight ; 

succ. as 6th Earl of Devonshire, Feb. 3, 

145 8 ; 

Hereditary Conservator of the River Exe ; 
Joint Commissioner of Array in co. Devon, 


Earls. 




Sept. 5, 1458 ; 


Pat. 1, d. 




Joint Special Commissioner &: Justice in co. 






Devon, June 21, 1459 ; 


Pat 2, d. 




beheaded at York, April 3, 1461. 




1461. 


Henry Courtenay I., brother of Thomas II. : Earl of Devonshire, 

& Baron Courtenay of Okehampton. 

B. after 1432 ; 

succ. as 7th Earl of Devonshire, April 3, 

1461 ; 
deprived of the Barony & Earldom, by King 

Edward IV., 1461 ; 






st. Henry Courtenay, Esq., July 27, 1461 ; 


Pat. 3, m. 26. 




beheaded at Salisbury, early in 1469. 






+ + + 






STAFFORD. 




1469. 


Humphrey Stafford, son of William Stafford, Esq. : Earl of Devon- 
shire, & Baron Stafford of Southwick. 

B. 1439 ; 

Knight, (by King Edward IV.), March 29, 






1461 ; 


MS. Wood, 




F. 11. 




High Steward of the Duchy of Cornwall, 






June 15, 1 46 1 ; 


Pat. 1, m. 3. 




Constable of the Castle & Town of Bristol, 






July 26, 1 46 1 ; 


Tat. 4, m. 3. 




summ. to Parlt. as Baron Stafford of South- 






wick, July 26, 1 46 1 ; 


> 



DEVONSHIRE. 



579 




From MS. Harl., 6129. 



Arms — Or, a chevron gules, a 
bordure engrailed sable. 



Keeper of the Forests of Kingswood & Fyll- 

wood, & the Forest & Park of Gillingham, 

July 26, 1 46 1 ; 
Joint Commissioner of Array in cos. Dorset, 

Wilts, & Somerset, Aug. 12, 146 1 ; 
cr. Baron Stafford of Southwick, April 24, 

1464; 
Keeper of the Forest of Dartmoor, & the Manor, 

Town, & Castle of Lydford, Nov. 1 1, 1464; 
Constable of Bridgewater Castle, & Steward of 

the Lordship of Bridgewater, March 20, 

1465 ; 

Privy Councillor, [1469] ; 
cr. Earl of Devonshire, May 7, 1469 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Devon, Cornwall, 
Somerset, Dorset, & Wilts ; 

7)i. Isabel, d. of Sir jfo/in Bar re ; 

beheaded at Bridgewater, Aug. 17, 1469. 

+ + 



COURTENAY. 

1469. John Courtenay, brother of Henry I. : Earl of Devonshire, <S: 

Baron Courtenay of Okehampton. 

B. about 1440 ; 

Knight, (by Thomas II., Earl of Devonshire), 

Dec. 29, 1460 ; 
succ. (de jure), as 8th Earl of Devonshire, 

1469 ; 
Commander of the Rear Guard, (Lancastrian 

Army), April, 147 1 ; 

killed at Tewkesbury, May 4,1471. 

1485. Edward Courtenay II., greatnephew of Edward I. : Earl of 

Devonshire, & Baron Courtenay, Lord of 
Okehampton. 

B. before 1460 ; 

Knight, (by Earl of Richmond), Aug. 7, 1485; 

4 E 2 



Earls. 

Pat. 4, m. 3 
Pat. 3, d. 

Pat. 2, m. 26. 
Pat. 1, m. 10. 



MS. Wood, 
F. 11. 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 



5 8o 



DE V0NSH1RE. 




From MS. Harl. 6163. 



Quarterly, I., Or, 3 torteaux, 
(Courtenay); II., Or, a 
lion rampant azure, armed, 
& langued gules, (Reviers) ; 
III., Gules, a cross patonce 
vairy, (De Forts); IV., 
Party per pale : 1 , Cheeky 
or & azure ; 2, Vert ; over 
all, 2 bars argent, (Barony 
of Okehampton). 



Crest — Out of a coronet or, 
a plume of 2 rows of feathers 
argent. 



cr. Earl of Devonshire, Oct. 26, 1485 ; 
Bearer of the Second Sword, Coron. of King 

Henry VII., Oct. 30, 1485 ; 
Justice of the Peace, co. Somerset, Nov. 20, 

1485 , 
a Commissioner of the Royal Mines in England 

& Wales, Feb. 27, i486 ; 
Constable of Restormell Castle, & Keeper of 

the Park, March 1, i486 ; 
Chief Commissioner to muster Archers in ~co. 

Cornwall, Dec. 23, 1488 ; 
K.G., (after July), 1489 ; 
Captain in the King's Army, (France), Sept.- 

Nov., 1492 ; 
a Commissioner of 'Oyer & Terminer' in 

London & Middlesex, Feb. 16, 1494 ; 
First Commissioner to inquire into Rebellions 

in cos. Cornwall, Devon, Somerset, Dorset, 

Wilts, Hants, Surrey, & Gloucester, 

June 28, 1497 ; 
Captain in the Royal Army, (West), Sept., 

M97 ; 
;//. Elizabeth, d. of Sir Philip Courtenay, K/it., 
of Moland ; 

d. May 28, 1509. 



Earls. 



Rutl.Prs. n. 



151 1. William Courtenay, son of Edward II.: Earl of Devonshire, & 

Baron Courtenay. 

B. before 1480 ; 

st. the Lord William of Devonshire ; 

Knight of the Bath, Nov. 24, 1487; 

Captain in the Royal Army, (West), Sept., 

1497 ; 

[Prisoner in the Tower, & at Calais, 1502- 

1509] ; 

attainted, Feb., 1504; 

Bearer of the Third Sword, Coron. of King 

Henry VIII., June 24, 1509 ; 
cr. Earl of Devonshire, May 10, 151 1 ; 



1497. — 'Adolescens pari animi 
atque corporis viribus flo- 
rens.' — PoLYDORUS VER- 

GILIUS, p. 584. 

'Adolescens optimus, fortis- 
simus. '—Ibid., p. 605. 



Pat. 3, 01. 20. 
Pat. m. 20, d. 

Pat. 1. 

Pat. m. 19, d. 

Pat. 2, m. 4. 
Hall, 4S4. 



Hall, 484. 



R. Pari. vi. 

548. 

MS. Tib. 
E. viii. 



DEVONSHIRE. 



58i 



1511. 



Henry Courtenay 



Arms— Quarterly. I., France 
modern, & ENGLAND, quar- 
terly, within a bordure also 
quarterly, gules & azure, 
charged in the first & fourth 
with 6 lioncels, 3 & 3, & in 
the second & third with as 
many fleurs de lys, 3 & 3, 
all or; II. & III., Or, 3 
torteaux,(CoURTENAY) ; IV. 
Or, a lion rampant azure, 
(Reviers). 

Crests.— i. Out of an earl's 
coronet, a plume of feathers 
argent. 

2. A falcon rising 
from a billet of wood ragule 
or. 

Supporters — Two boars 
argent, crined or. — -Window 

in Exeter Cathedral, [ 1 644] ; 
SvMONDS, Diary, p. 95. 



m. tlie Lady Katherine, 7 th d. of Kins; Edward 
IV.; (d. Nov. 15, 1527); 

d. June 9, 151 1. 



IT., son of William I. : Earl of Devonshire, & 
Baron Courtenay of Okehampton & Plympton. 

B. about 1498 ; 

succ. as nth Earl of Devonshire, June 9, 

restored in blood, Dec, 15 12 ; 

Second Captain of a Man of War, 15 13 ; 

Privy Councillor, [May, 1520]; 

K.G., April 15, 152 1 ; 

Keeper of Biding Manor & Parks, Bailiff of the 
Manor, & Master of the Hunt, April 28, 
1522 ; 

Steward of the Honour of Wynkeley, or Glou- 
cester Fee, April 3, 1523 ; 

Chief Steward & Supervisor of the Lands of the 
Duchies of Exeter & Somerset, & Master 
of the Hunt therein, April 3, 1523 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Devon, Somerset, 
& Cornwall ; 

High Steward of the Duchy of Cornwall ; Lord 
Warden of the Stannaries ; Keeper of 
Mere Park ; & Rider & Master Forester of 
Dartmoor, May 26, 1523; 

Constable of Windsor Castle, & Keeper of the 
Parks & Warrens, April, 1525 ; 

cr. Marquis of Exeter, June 18, 1525 ; 

vi. (1) Elizabeth Grey, d. <5n //. of John, 2nd 
Viscount Lisle, Oct. 25, 15 19 ; 

in. (2) Gertrude Blount, d. of William, 4th 
Baron Mountjoy ; 

see title Exeter. 



Eakls. 



R. Pari. vi. 
App. ii. 
S. P. 3977. 
MS Titus, 
B.i. 



Pat. 



Pat. 2. m. 24. 



Ibid. 



Pat. 



m. 7. 



Pat. 2. 



i55; 



Edward 




Courtenay III., son of Henry II (2) : Earl of Devonshire, 
& Baron Courtenay of Okehampton & Plympton. 

B. about 1526 ; 

[Prisoner in the Tower of London, 1539- 

Aug. 3, 1553;] 
cr. Earl of Devonshire, Sept. 3, 1553; 
Knight of the Bath, Sept. 29, 1553 ; 
Bearer of the Sword of State, Coron. of Queen 

Mary, Oct. 1, 1553 ; 
restored in blood, Oct. 10, 1553 ; 
a Special Commissioner for trial of Sir Robert 

Dudley, Jan. 19, 1554 ; 
[Prisoner in the Tower of London, & in Fother- 

inghay Castle, March 15, 1554-April 6, 

1555;] 

d. at Padua, Sept. 18, 1556. 



Eaul. 



Raga de 
Secretis, 

XXV. 



After a painter unknown. 



Aujourdhuy on le tient pour 
le plus beau & plus agreable 
gentilhomme d Angleterre.' 
— Antoine de Noailles, 
Nov. 9, 1553; Ambassades, 
II., p. 247. 



' II estoit Fun des plus beaux 
entre les jeunes seigneurs de 
son aage.' — Michel de 
Castelnau, Mhrwires, p. 

74- 




Crests - i. On a chapeau affronte gules, turned up ermine, a boar argent, langued 
gules, armed crined & unguled or. 
2. Out of a coronet or, a plume of feathers argent. 

Colours—' Or & gules.' 



MS. Harl. 2076. 



+ 



DEVON. 



583 



1831. William Courtenay IV., descendant of Hugh, 2nd Earl of Devon- 
shire : Earl of Devon, Viscount Courtenay of 
Powderham Castle, Baron Courtenay of Oak- 
hampton & Plympton, & a Baronet of Ireland. 

B. July 30, 1768 ; 

st. Hon. William Courtenay, 1768-17 88 ; 

succ. as 3rd Viscount Courtenay, Dec. 14, 

1788; 
declared Earl of Devon by the House of Lords, 

March 15, 1831 ; 

d. May 26, 1835. 



1835 William Courtenay V, cousin of William: Earl of Devon, & 

a Baronet of Ireland. 

B. June 19, 1777 ; 

st. William Courtenay, Esq., 1 795-1 835 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, April 27, 1798 ; 

Barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1799 ; 

M.A. of Oxford, June 3, 1801 ; 

Patentee of the Subpoena Office in the Court of j 

Chancery ; 
a Commissioner of Bankrupts, 1809-1817 ; 
M.P., Exeter, 1812; 1818 j & 1820-1826; 
One of the Masters in Chancery, 181 7 ; 
Clerk Assistant of the Parliaments, Feb. 6, 

1826-May, 1835 ; 
succ. as 14th Earl of Devon, May 26, 1835 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Devon, March 24, 

1837, 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 7, 1837 ; 

High Steward of the University of Oxford, Feb., 

1838; 

an Ecclesiastical Commissioner for England, Jan. 

21, 1842-Aug., 1850; 

First Commissioner to inquire into Tenure of 

Land in Ireland, Nov. 18, 1843 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, July 31, 1845; 
justice of the Peace, co. Limerick; 



Earls. 




After E. Walker. 



5§4 



DEVON. 



vi. (i) Lady Henrietta Leslie, d. of Sir Lucas 


Earls. 


Pepys, 6° Jane Elizabeth, Countess of 




Rothes, Nov. 29, 1804; 




m. (2) Elizabeth Ruth, d. of Rev. John Middle- 




ton-Scott, Jan. 30, 1849 ; 




d. March 19, 1S59. 





1859. William Reginald Courtenay, son of William (1) : Earl of Devon, 

& a Baronet of Ireland. 

B. April 15, 1807 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, March 6, 1828 ; 

Fellow of All Souls College, 1831 ; 

Cursitor in the Court of Chancery ; 

B.C.L. of Oxford, Nov. 10, 1831 ; 

Cornet, 1st Devon Regt. of Yeomanry, May 3, 

1834 ; 

st. Viscount Courtenay, 1835-1859 ; 

Captain, Royal 1st Devon Regt. of Yeomanry, 
Dec. 31, 1835 I 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 27, 1838 ; 

M.P., South Devon, 1841 ; & 1847-1849 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Devon, June 10, 1S45 ; 

an Inspector under the Poor Law Board, Nov. 
28, 1847-Feb. 14, 185 1 ; 

Secretary to the Poor Law Board, Feb. 15, 
1851-July 4, 1859 ; 

succ. as 15th Earl of Devon, March 19, 1859; 

aGovernorof the Charterhouse, Feb. 19, 1863; 

Lieut.-Colonel, Royal 1st Devon Regt. of Yeo- 
manry, May 3, 1865 ; 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, July 10, 
1866-May 21, 1867 ; 

Privy Councillor, July 10, 1866 ; 

Lieut.-Colonel, South Devon Batt. Rifle Volun- 
teers, Nov. 2, 1866 ; 

President of the Poor Law Board, May 21, 
1867-Dec. 15, 1868 ; 

a Governor of Marlborough College ; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Limerick ; 



DEVON. 



585 



Joint Commissioner to inquire into law & 
practice as to sale, exchange, & resignation 
of ecclesiastical benefices, July 4, 1S78 ; 

;/;. Lady Elizabeth Eortesa/c, >jth d. of Hugh, 
1st Earl Fortescue, Dec. 27, 1830. 



\ 



Arms— Quarterly, 1 & 4, Or, 3 torteaux, (Courtenay) ; 2 & 3, Or, a lion rampant 
azure, (Reviers, Earl of Devon). 

Crests — (1) Out of a coronet or, a plume of 2 rows of feathers, 4 & 3, argent. 
(2) A dolphin embowed proper. 

Supporters — Two boars argent, bristled, armed, & unguled or. 

Motto— Quod verum ttjtum. 



Earl. 



VOL. I. 



4 F 



5 86 



DE V0NSII1RE. 



DEVONSHIRE. 



1603. Charles Blount, 




After M. Gheeraedts : 1604. 



1583. — 'Of a brown hair, a 
sweet face, a most neat com- 
posure, & tall in his person.' 
— Sir R. Naunton, Frag- 
menta Regalia, p. 57. 

' He was of stature tall, & of 
very comely proportion, his 
skin faire, with little haire, 
which haire was of colour 
blackish (or inclining to 
black), & thin on his head, 
where he wore it short, 
except a locke under his left 
eare. . . . The crown of 
his head was in his latter 



BLOUNT. 

2nd son of James. 6th Lord Mountjoy : Earl of 
Devonshire, & Baron Mountjoy of Thurveston. 

B. 1563 ; 

st. Charles Blount, Esq., 1 581-1586 ; 

eriuc. Oxford, & Inner Temple : 

Captain of a Warwickshire Company of Foot, 

(Low Countries), Aug., 1585 ; 
M.P., St. Ives, 1585-1586 ; 
M.P., Beeralston, 1586 ; & 1592-1593 ; 
Knight, (by Earl of Leicester), Dec. 7, 1587 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Sussex Foot, 1588 ; 
One of the Gentlemen Pensioners, [1589] ; 
Warden of the New Forest, [Jan. 26], 1589; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, June 16, 1589 ; 
Colonel, in co. Essex, [June, 1591] ; 
succ. as 8th Baron Mountjoy, before March, 

!593 ; 
Captain of the Town & Isle of Portsmouth, 

Jan. 26, 1594 ; 
Constable of Porchester Castle, & Lieutenant of 

Southbere Forest, Jan. 26, 15943 
K.G., April 23, 1597 ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Land Forces against 

the Azores, May-Oct. 30, 1597 ; 
Joint Commissioner to determine Ecclesiastical 

Causes in Diocese of Winchester, Oct. 2, 

US97 ; 
Lieutenant-General of the Army in Ireland, 

J 599 ; 
Lieutenant-General, (London), Aug., 1599 ; 

Lord Deputy of Ireland, Jan. 21, 1600-1603 ; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, April 25, 1603 ; 



Earl. 



Dom. Add. 
xxix. 30. 



MS. Ashm. 

840. 

MS. Reg. 

18, C. xxi. 

Roll. 

Dotn. cexxii. 



Dom. 
cexxxix. 66. 



Dom. 
ccxlvii. 23. 



Docquet. 



Chamber- 
lain, 57. 

Pat. 24. 



DEVONSHIRE. 



587 



dayes something bald, as the 
fore part naturally curled. 
... His forehead was 
broad & high ; his eyes 
great, blacke, & lovely ; his 
nose something low & short, 
& a little blunt in the 
end ; his chin round ; his 
cheekes full, round, & 
ruddy.' — Fvxes Moryson, 
Hist., I., p. 104. 

1601. — 'I think Her Majesty 
could be most glad to see & 
look upon your black eyes 
here. ' — Earl of Nottingham 
to Lord JMountjoy, Good- 
man, II., p. 15. 



Privy Councillor, May 10, 1603 ; 

cr. Earl of Devonshire, July 21, 1603 ; 

Master of the Ordnance, Aug. 13, 1603 ; 

Captain of the Town, Isle, & Castle of Ports- 
mouth, Jan. 6, 1604 ; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Hants, March 30, 
1604 ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with Spain, May 19, 
1604; 

Joint Commissioner for office of Earl Marsha], 
. Feb. 5, 1605 ; 

Keeper of the King's Game in Hundred of 
Becontree, co. Essex, Feb. 14, 1605 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Wilts, Dorset, & 
Hants ; 

/;/. Penelope Devej-eux, divorced wife of Robert, 
Lord Rich, Dec. 26, 1605 ; 

d. April 3, 1606. 




Arms— Quarterly of 6. I., Barry nebulee of 6, or & sable, (Blount) ; II., Argent, 

2 wolves passant sable, a bordure or, chaiged with 10 saltires gules, (Ayala) ; 
III., Or, a tower azure, (Sanchez) ; IV., Vair, (Beauchamp) ; V., Argent, 

3 fleurs cle lys azure, (Holt) ; VI., Argent, a fess & in chief 3 covered cups 
gules, (Westocks). 

Crest — Out of a coronet, a wolf statant sable, between 2 horns or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a soldier armed, proper ; Sinister, a queen crowned proper. 

Motto— Calla. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



Earl. 
Dom. i. 73. 

Docquet. 

Docquet. 

Docquet. 



Jnd.W.Bk.1. 



4 F 2 



5 88 



DEVONSHIRE. 



CA VENDISH. 

1618. William Cavendish I., son of Sir William Cavendish, Knt. : Earl of 

Devonshire, & Baron Cavendish of Hardwick. 

B. Dec. 27, 1552 ; 

st. William Cavendish, Esq., 1570-1604 ; 

M.P., Newport, (Cornwall), 1588 ; 

High Sheriff, co. Derby, 1595 ; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Derby, 1603 ; 

cr. Baron Cavendish of Hardwick, May 4, 

1604; 
Bailiff of the Castle & Manor of Tutbury, 

1615 ; 

Cuslos Rotulorum, co. Derby, Feb. 1, 161 8 ; 
cr. Earl of Devonshire, Aug. 7, 1618 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Derby, May 1, 16 19; 

m. (1) Anne, d. of Henry Krighley, of Keighley ; 
711. (2) Elizabeth {Boughtori), dowager- Lady 
Worthy ; 

d. March 3, 1626. 



Earl. 



Pat 14, d. 



Lane. Reg. 
Pat. 

P. S. 




'££0>n, 



n 




Arms — Quarterly of 6. I., Sable, 3 bucks' heads caboshed argent, attired or, 
(Cavendish) ; II., Argent, a chevron gules between 3 cross-crosslets sable, 
(Smyth) ; III., Argent, a chevron between 3 lions' paws, claws downwards, 
sable, (Brecknock) ; IV., Gules, 3 stirrups with straps, 2 & 1, or, (Scuda- 
more) ; V., Argent, a bend sable on which in chief a plate, (Pinchbeck) ; 
VI., Argent, a saltire engrailed & chief azure, on the latter 3 cinquefoils of 
the field, (Hardwick). 

Crest — A snake nowed proper. 

Supporters — Two stags, each gorged with a chaplet of roses proper, attired or. 

Motto— Cavendo tutus. 



DEVONSHIRE. 



589 




1626. William Cavendish II., son of William I. (1) : Earl of Devonshire, 

& Barcn Cavendish of Hardwick. 

B. 1590 ; 

Knight, (by King James I.), March 7, 1609; 

st. Lord Cavendish, 1 618-1626 ; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Derby, May 1, 16 19; 

M. P., co. Derby, 162 1 ; 1624; 1625 ;& 1626; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Devonshire, March 3, 

1626 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Derby, March 16, 1626; 
High Bailiff of the Castle & Manor of Tutbury, 

1626 ; 

m. Christian, d. of Edward, Lord Bruce of 
Kinloss ; 

d. June 20, 1628. 

From a drawing in the Sutherland 
Coll: (Rodl. Lib.). 



1628. William Cavendish TIL, son of William II. : Earl of Devonshire, 

& Baron Cavendish of Hardwick. 

B. Oct. 10, 161 7 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Feb. 1, 1626 ; 

st. Lord Cavendish, 1 626-1 628 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Devonshire, June 20, 

1628 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Derby, Nov. 13, 1638- 

March 22, 1642 ; 
Joint High Steward of the Honour of Ampt- 

hill, Feb. 24, 1640 ; 
Joint Commissioner of Array, co. Leicester, 

June 12, 1642 ; 
Steward of the Honour of Tutbury, Aug. 8, 1660 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Derby, Aug. 13, 1660 ; 
Steward of the Honour of the High Peak, 1660 ; 
F.R.S., May 20, 1663; 
a Commissioner of Trade, March 5, 1669; 
m. Lady Elizabeth Cecil, 2nd d. of William, 

Earl of Salisbury ; 

d. Nov. 25, 1684. 



Earls. 



MS. Wood, 
B. 9. 



P. S. 
Willis, iii. 



Pat. 5, d. 




From a drawing in the Sutherland 
Coll : (Bodl. Lib.). 



' Of a comely shape & aspect.' 
— Thomas Hobbes. 



Walkley, 
129. 



Pat. 44, d. 

Pat. 1. 

Cabala, ii. 
102. 

Lane. Reg. 
Pat. 



Warr. Bk. 



59° 



DE VONSHIRE. 




After D. Vautier : (1689) 



1684. William Cavendish IV., son of William III. : Duke of Devonshire, 

Marquis of Harrington, Earl of Devonshire, & 
Baron Cavendish of Hardwick. 

B. Jan. 25, 1 64 1 ; 

st. Lord Cavendish, i 641-1684 ; 

M.P., co. Derby, 1661 ; 1679 ; & 1679-1681; 

Page of Honour to King Charles II., at his 
Coronation, April 23, 1661 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Derby, 1661 ; 

F.R.S., May 20, 1663 ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 28, 1663 ; 

Privy Councillor, April 21, 1679-Jan. 31, 1680; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Devonshire, Nov. 25, 
1684 j 

Lord Cupbearer to the Queen, Coron. of King 
James II., April 23, 1685 ; 

Colonel, 4th Regt. of Horse, Dec. 31, 1688- 
April, 1690; 

High Steward of Kingston-on-Thames, Jan. 24, 
1689 ; 

Lord Steward of the Household, Feb. 14, 1689; 

Privy Councillor, Feb. 14, 16S9 ; 

K.G., April 3, 1689; 

Lord High Steward of England for Coron. of 
King William III. & Queen Mary, 
April n, 1689 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Derby, May 17, 1689 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Derby, 1689 ; 

High Steward of the Honour of Tutbury, Con- 
stable of Tutbury Castle, & Lieutenant of 
Needwood Forest, Feb. 20, 1690; 

Recorder of Nottingham, Nov. 13, 1690 ; 

Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 
Forests, Parks, Chaces, & Warrens, North 
of Trent, Nov. 21, 1690; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Nottingham, May 6, 
1692-June 4, 1694 ; 

cr. Marquis of Harrington, & Duke of Devon- 
shire, April 30, 1694 ; 

a Lord Justice of England, April 26-Nov. 14, 
1697 ; 



Duke. 



' His mien & aspect were en- 
gaging & commanding.' — 
Arth. Collins, Peerage, 

1735. L » P- I2 4- 



1704. — 'He hath been the 
finest & handsomest gentle- 
man of his time ... is tall, 
well-made.'— J. Macky, 
p. 18. 



' Had a softness in his exterior 
deportment, to which there 
was nothing within that was 
answerable.' — BURNET, 
Onm Time, II., 84. 



Walker, 91. 
Dom. lx. 66. 

Wood, iv. F. 
272. 



SandforJ. 



Pat. 3, d. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 42. 
Warr.Bk. 23 



Pat. 6. 



Pat. 4, d. 



DE VON SHI RE. 



591 



Lord High Steward of England for Coron. of 
Queen Anne, April 23, 1702 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, April 16, 1705 ; 

a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland, 
April 10, 1706 ; 

;;/. Lady Mary Butler, 2nd d. of yames, \st 
Dtike of Ormond, Oct. 26, 1662; 

d. Aug. 18, 1707. 



Dukes. 




tpw/^rt* 



1707. William Cavendish V., son of William IV. : Duke of Devonshire, 

Marquis of Hartington, Earl of Devonshire, & 
Baron Cavendish of Hardwick. 

B. about 1673 ; 

st. Lord Cavendish, 1684-1694; 

Volunteer with the English Army, (Flanders), 

1692 ; 
st. Marquis of Hartin'GTOn, 1 694-1 707 ; 
M.P., co. Derby, 1695 ; 1698 ; & 1701 ; 
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Jan. 13, 

1702-Sept. 6, 1707 ; 
M.P., Castle Rising, 1702 ; 
M.P., co. York, 1702 ; & 1 705-1 707 ; 
% cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, April 16, 1705 ; 
j£ a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland, 

April 10, 1706 ; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Devonshire, Aug. 18, 

1707 ; 

High Steward of the Honour of Tutbury, Con- 
stable of Tutbury Castle, & Lieutenant of 
Needwood Forest, Aug. 18, 1707 ; 

Steward of the Lordship of the High Peak, 
Constable of the Peak Castle, & Master 
Forester of the Forest, Dec. 10, 1707 ; 




After Sir G. Kneller. 



Appmt. Iik. 
20. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 43. 



592 


DE VONSHTRE. 






Lord Steward of the Household, Sept. 6, 1707- 


Dukes. 




Sept. 21. 1 710 ; 






Privy Councillor, Sept. 8, 1707 ; 






Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 






Derby, Oct. 29, 1707-July, 1710; 






Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 






Forests, North of Trent, Oct. 29, 1707- 






May 18, 1 7 10 ; 






K.G., March 22, 1710 ; 






One of the Lords Justices of Great Britain, 






Aug. i-Sept. 18, 1 7 14; 






Privy Councillor, Aug. 3, 1 7 14 ; 


P. C. R. 




Lord Steward of the Household, Sept. 24, 






1714-July 6, 17 16 : 






Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 






Derby, Oct. 9, 17 14; 




1704. — ' Of a brown complex- 
ion ; taller than a middle 
stature.' — J. Macky, p. 47. 

1727. — 'He had the dignity 
of a man of quality.' — Lord 
Hervey, I., 33. 


Lord President of the Council, July 6, 1716- 

April 16, 1 71 7 ; 
Lord President of the Council, March 27, 

1726; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Dec. 28, 1727; 

m. Rachel, elder d. of William, Lord Russell ; 

d. June 4, 1729. 


P. C. R. 


1729. William Cavendish 


VI., son of William V. ■ Duke of Devonshire, 
Marquis of Hartington, Earl of Devonshire, & 
Baron Cavendish of Hardwick. 

B. 1698; 

st. Marquis of Hartington, 1707-1729; 

educ. New College, Oxford ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, July 6, 17 17 ; 





DEVONSHIRE. 



593 




After Sir J. Reynolds : 1755. 



' Plain in his manners, negli- 
gent in his dress.' — Lord 
Waldegrave, Memoirs, p. 
26. 



'The Duhe's outside was un- 
polished.'— Horace Wai,- 
pole, Mem. George 27., I., 
196. 



Deputy Lieutenant, co. Huntingdon, April n, 
1722 ; 

M.P., Lestwithiel, 1721 ; & 1722; 

M.P., Grampound, 1724-1727; 

Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 
May 23, 1726-June 12, 1 73 1 ; 

M.P., co. Huntingdon, 172 7-1 729 ; 

succ. as 3rd Duke of Devonshire, June 4, 
1729; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Derby, June 13, 1729 ; 

Steward of the Honour of the High Peak, 
July 12, 1729; 

High Steward of the Honour of Tutbury, Con- 
stable of Tutbury Castle, and Lieutenant 
of Needwood Forest, Nov. 20, 1729 ; 

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, June 12, 1731, 

Privy Councillor, June 12, 1731 ; 

Lord Steward of the Household, May 5, 1733; 

K.G., June 12, 1733; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, March 16, 

1737 ; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, March 31, 1737- 

Jan. 3, 1745 ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, Jan. 3, 1745- j 

June, 1749 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, May 4-Aug. 31, 

1745; 
President of the London Hospital, 1750 ; 

m. Catherine, d. 6° //. of John Hoskins, Esa., 
March 27, 17 18 ; 

d. Dec. 5, 1755. 



Duke. 




0mjsm^ 




VOL. I. 



4 G 



594 



DEVONSHIRE. 



1755. William 




Cavendish VII., son of William VI. : Duke of Devonshire, 
Marquis of Harrington, Earl of Devonshire, & 
Earon Cavendish of Hardwick. 

B. 1720 ; 

st. Marquis of Hartington, 1 729-1 755 ; 
M.P., co. Derby, 1741 ; & 1 747-1 751 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, March 8, 

1744; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Derby, Sept. 19, 1745; 

summ. to Parlt. as Baron Cavendish of Hard- 
wick, June 1. 

Privy Councillor, 



Duke. 



After A. Ramsay. 



j, i75 T 
July 12 



1751-Nov. 3, 1762: 



Master of the Horse, July 18, 1751 ; 

Lord High Treasurer of Ireland, Jan. 16, 1754; 

Governor, co. Cork, Jan. 16, 1754 ; 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, March 27, 1755 ; 

a Lord Justice of Great Britain, April 28, 1755; 

succ. as 4th Duke of Devonshire, Dec. 5, 

1755; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Derby, Jan. 17, 1756-Feb. 21, 1764 ; 
First Lord of the Treasury, Nov. 16, 1756— 

June, 1757 ; 
K.G., Nov. 18, 1756 ; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, Jan. 28,1757; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, May 16, 

1757-Oct. 28, 1762 ; 
Steward of the Honours of the High Peak & 

Tutbury, June 30, 1 761-1763 ; 
Recorder of Harwich ; 

in. Lady Charlotte Boyle, d. &> h. of Richard, 
yd Earl of Burlington, March 28, 1 748 ; 

d. Oct. 2, 1764. 



Mil. Bk. 
Ireland. 
Gaz. 




DEVONSHIRE. 



595 




1764. William Cavendish VIII., son of William VII. : Duke of Devon 

shire, Marquis of Harrington, Earl of Devon 
shire, Baron Clifford of Lanesborough, & 
Cavendish of Hardwick. 

B. Dec. 14, 1748 ; 

succ. {jure matris), as Baron Clifford of 

Lanesborough, Dec. 8, 1754; 
st. Marquis of Hartington, 1 755-1 764 ; 
Page of Honour to King George III., at his 

Coronation, Sept. 22, 1761 ; 
succ. as 5th Duke of Devonshire, Oct. 2, 

1764; 
Lord High Treasurer of Ireland, Feb. 27, 

1766-Dec. 5, 1793 ; 
Governor, co Cork, March 1, 1766 ; 
Colonel, Derbyshire Regt. of Militia, April, 

1778; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), July 2, 

1779; 
K.G., April 19, 1782 ; 

Steward & Master Forester of the Honour & 
Forest of the High Peak, June 4, 1782 ■ 

Steward of the Honour of Tutbury, & Lieuten- 
ant of Needwood Forest, June 4, 1782 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Derby, June 18, 1782 ; 

m. (1) Georgiana, d. of John, 1st Earl Spencer, 
June 5, 1774; {d. March 30, 1806) ; 

m. (2) Elizabeth {Foster). 2nd d. of Frederick 
Augustus Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol, 
Oct. 19, 1809 ; 

d. July 29, 181 1. 



Duke. 



After Sir J. Reynolds. 



' His figure was tall & manly, 
though not animated or 
graceful . . . His manners 
always calm & unruffled.' 
— Sir N. W. Wraxall, 
Post. Mem., I., p. 9. 




4 G 2 



59<> 



DEVONSHIRE. 



1811. William Spencer Cavendish, son of William VIII. : Duke of 

Devonshire, Marquis of Hartington, Earl of 
Devonshire, Baron Clifford of Lanesborough, & 
Cavendish of Hardwick. 

B. May 21, 1790 ; 

st. Marquis of Hartington, 1790-1811 ; 

educ. Harrow, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

B.A. of Cambridge, 1810 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 1, 181 1 ; 

succ. as 6th Duke of Devonshire, July 29, 

1811 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Derby, (swn.), Aug. 19, 181 1 ; 
Steward of the Honour of Tutbury, Feb. 15, 

1812 ; 
High Steward of Derby ; 
Bearer of the Orb, Coron. of King George IV., 

July 19, 182 1 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 

St. Petersburg, April 25, 1826 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 30, 1827 ; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, May 5, 

1827-Feb. 18, 1828 ; 
K.G., May 10, 1827 ; 
Knight of St. Andrew, of Russia, March 18, 




From a lithograph, s.n. 



Sept. 8, 1 83 1. — 'The Duke of 
Devonshire looked as if he 
came to be crowned instead 
of his master. I never saw 
so princely an air & manner.' 
—Lord Macaulay, Life 6° 
Letters, I., p. 244. 



' The Duke ... is above six 
feet high.'— C. R. Leslie, 
R.A., Autobiographical Re- 
collections, I., p. 177. 



T828; 
Knight of St. Alexander Newski, of Russia, 

March 18, 1828; 
Knight of St. Anne, of Russia, March 18, 1828; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Nov. 22, 

1830-Dec. 15, 1834; 
Bearer of the Sword ' Curtana,' Coron. of Queen 

Victoria, June 28, 1838 ; 

d. Jan. 18, 1S58. 




Duke. 



DE VONSHIRE. 



597 



1826-1831 ; 



1829-1831; 



May g, 



1858. William Cavendish IX., cousin of William Spencer : Duke of Devon- 
shire, Marquis of Harrington, Earl of Devon- 
shire & Burlington, Baron Clifford of Lanes- 
borough, Cavendish of Hardwick, & Cavendish 
of Keighley. 

B. April 27, 1808 ; 

st. William Cavendish, Esq., 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A., of Cambridge, 1829 ; 

M.P., University of Cambridge, 

M.P., Malton, 1831-1832 ; 

st. Lord Cavendish, 1831-1834 ; 

a Vice President of the Royal Society ; 

M.P., North Derbyshire, 183 2-1 834 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Burlington, 

1834; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 6, 1835; 
Chancellor of the University of London, Nov. 28, 

1836-Dec, 1856; 
Vice Lieutenant, co. Derby, Aug. 4, 1841 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lancaster, Sept. 3, 

1852 ; 
a Senator of the University of London ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Lancaster, (svvn.), March 20, 1857-May, 

1858; 
succ. as 7th Duke of Devonshire, Jan. 18, 

1858; 
K.G., March 25, 1858 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Derby, (swn.), May 7, 1858 ; 
High Steward of Cambridge, June n, 1S61 ; 
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, 

Dec. 31, 1861 ; 
a Trustee of the British Museum, July 26, 187 1 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 26, 1878 ; 

m. Lady Blanche Gcorgiana Howard, 4I/1 d. of 
George, Earl of Carlisle, Aug. 6, 1829 ; 
(d. April 27, 1840). 



Duke. 



Arms— Sable, 3 bucks' heads caboshed argent. 

Crest — On a mount vert, a buck statant proper, wreathed round the neck with a 
chaplet of roses alternately argent & azure. 

Supporters— Two bucks proper, collared as the crest. 

Motto— Cavendo tutus. 



Dukes. 



DIG BY. 



599 



DIGBY. 



DIG BY. 

1765. Henry Digby, brother of Edward, 6th Lord Digby : Earl Digby, 

Viscount Coleshill, & Baron Digby of Sherborne; 
Baron Digby of Geashill, in Ireland. 

B. about 1 73 1 ; 

st. Hon. Henry Digby, 1752-1757 ; 

M.P., Ludgershal, 1 755-1 761 ; 

Joint Under Secretary in the Southern Depart- 
ment, [1756] ; 

succ. as 7U1 Lord Digby of Geashill, in Ireland, 
Nov. 27, 1757 ; 

M.P., Wells, 1761-1765; 

a Lord of the Admiralty, April 20, 1763- 
July 2, 1765 ; 

cr. Baron Digby of Sherborne, Aug. 19, 1765; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Dorset, (swn.), June 7, 1771 ; 

cr. Viscount Coleshill, & Earl Digby, Nov. i, 
1790 ; 

m. (1) Elizabeth Feilding, niece of Basil, 6th 
Earl of Denbigh, Sept. 5, 1763 ; 

m. (2) Mary, d. 6° h. of John Knowles, Esq. 
Nov. 10, 1770 ; 

d. Sept. 25, 1793. 



Earls, 
Barons. 




6oo 



DIGB Y. 



1793. Edward Digby, son of Henry (2) : Earl Digby, Viscount Coleshill, 

& Baron Digby of Sherborne ; Baron Digby of 
Geashill, in Ireland. 

B. Jan. 6, 1773 ; 

st. Hon. Edward Digby, 17 73-1 790 ; 

st. Viscount Coleshill, 1 790-1 793 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl Digby, Sept. 25, 1793 ; 

Captain-Lieutenant, Dorsetshire Regt. of Militia, 

Sept. 15, 1795 j 
Captain, Dorsetshire Regt. of Militia, May 24, 

1798; 
Lieutenant-Colonel-Commandant, 1st Batt. of 

Dorsetshire Volunteers, Aug. 15, 1798; 
Colonel, do., Jan. 7, 1S04 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Dorset, March 16, 1808; 
Colonel, Dorsetshire Regt. of Militia, May 20, 

1824 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, King's County, Ireland ; 

D.C.L. j 

d. May 12, 1856. 



1856. Edward St. Vincent Digby, cousin of Edward : Baron Digby of 

Sherborne ; Baron Digby of Geashill, in Ireland. 

B. June 21, 1809 ; 

st. Edward St. Vincent Digby, Esq., 1826- 
1856 ; 

Ensign, 65th (' Second Yorkshire, North Rid- 
ing ') Regt. of Foot, April 13, 1826 ; 

Lieutenant, do., April 27, 1827 ; 

Lieutenant, 9th Regt. of Light Dragoons, 
(Lancers), April 27-June 21, 1827 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Dorset, June 14, 183 1 ; 

Captain, ' Queen's Own ' Dorsetshire Regt. of 
Yeomanry, Nov. 14, 1848 ; 

succ. as 3rd Baron Digby of Sherborne, May 12, 
1856; 

9th Baron Digby of Geashill, in Ireland ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, ' Queen's Own ' Dorsetshire 
Regt. of Yeomanry, July 26, 1856 ; 



Earl, 
Bakon. 



Lieutenant - Colonel Commandant, ' Queen's 
Own ' Dorsetshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 
July 19, 1866 ; 

;//. Lady Theresa Anna Maria Fox-Strangways, 
eldest d. of Henry Stephen, yd Earl of 
Ilehester, June 27, 1837. 



Arms — Azure, a fleur de lys or. 

Crest — An ostrich with a horse-shoe in its beak, all proper. 
Supporters— Two monkeys proper, environed round the loins & lined or. 
Motto - Deo, non fortuna. 



Baron. 



VOL. I. 



4 TT 



6o2 


DONC ASTER. 






DONCASTER. 




1618. 


HAY. 

James Hay, 2nd son of Sir Peter Hay, Knt. : Viscount Doncaster, 

& Baron Hay of Sawley : Lord Hay, in Scotland. 

cr. Viscount Doncaster, July 5, 161 8 ; 
cr. Earl of Carlisle, Sept. 13, 1622 ; 

see title Carlisle. 
+ + 4- 

SCOTT. 


VlSCOTTNTS, 

Earls. 


1663. 


James Scott, nat. son of King Charles II. : Duke of Monmouth, & 

Earl of Doncaster. 

B. April 9, 1649 ; 

cr. Earl of Doncaster, & Duke of Monmouth, 
Feb. 14, 1663 ; 

see title Monmouth. 
+ 4-4- 




1743- 


Francis Scott, grandson of James : Earl of Doncaster, & Baron 

Scott of Tyndale ; Duke of Buccleugh, Earl of 
Dalkeith, Baron Scott of Buccleugh & Eskdale, 
in Scotland. 






B. Jan. 11, 1695 ; 

succ as Earl of Dalkeith, March 14, 1705; 

F.R.S., March 12, 1724; 

K.T., Feb. 2, 1725 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hertford, Nov. 9, 1727 ; 

1 


Mil. Bk. 13. 



DONCASTER. 



603 



succ. {jure i/iatris), as 2nd Duke of Buccleugh, 

Feb. 6, 1732 ; 
a Representative Peer of Scotland, 1734 ; 
restored Baron Scott of Tyndale, & Earl of 

Doncaster, March 23, 1743 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, April 18, 1745 ; 

m. (1) Lady ^ane Douglas, eldest d. of Jfames, 
2nd Duke of Qjuecnsberry, April 5, 1720 ; 
(d. Aug. 31, 1729); 

vu (2) Miss Alice Powell, Sept. 4, 1744 ; 

d. April 22, 1 751. 

1751. Henry Scott, grandson of Francis : Earl of Doncaster, & Baron 

Scott of Tyndale; Duke of Buccleugh, Earl of 
Dalkeith, & Baron Scott of Buccleugh & Eskdale, 
in Scotland. 

B. Sept. 2, 1746 ; 

st. Earl of Dalkeith, 1750-1751 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Doncaster, April 22, 

I75 1 ; 
3rd Duke of Buccleugh, in Scotland ; 

educ. Eton ; 

K.T., Dec. 23, 1767-May, 1794 ; 

Colonel, Southern Regt. of Fencibles, April 14, 

1778; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), May 14. 

1778; 
Member of the Board of Agriculture, Aug. 3 1 , 

1793 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, & Sheriff Principal, co. Edin- 
burgh, March 17, 1794; 

Aft« T. Gainsborough: (er.gr. R q ^ May 2 g^ 7794; 

Colonel, 2nd Royal Edinburgh Regt. of Militia, 
Feb. 25, 1797 ; 

Colonel, Edinburghshire Regt. of Militia, May 
23, 1798-March 7, 181 1 ; 

Colonel in the Army, (during service), May 23, 
1798 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, & Sheriff Principal, co. Rox- 
burgh, May 28, 1804; 
4 H 2 



Eari.s. 




604 



DONCASTEE. 



Deputy Lieutenant, co. Northampton, May 9, 

1804 ; 
succ. as 5th Duke of Queensberry, Dec. 23, 

1810 ; 
Governor of the Royal Bank of Scotland ; 
President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh ; 

;;/. Lady Elizabeth Montagu, d. of George, Duke 
of Montagu, March 20, 1767 ; 

d. Jan. 11, 1812. 



181 2. Charles William Montagu-Scott, son of Henry : Earl of Don- 
caster, & Baron Scott of Tyndale ; Duke of 
Buccleugh & Queensberry, Marquis of Dum- 
friesshire, Earl of Drumlanrig, Buccleugh, San- 
quhar, & Dalkeith, Viscount Nith, Thortholwold, 
& Ross, Baron Douglas of Kinmont, Middlebie, 
Dornock, & Scott of Whitchester & Eskdale, in 
Scotland. 

B. May 24, 1772 ; 

st. Earl of Dalkeith, 1772-1812 ; 

educ. Eton, & Oxford ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 3, 1793 ; 

M.P., Marlborough, 1 793-1 796 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Selkirk, May 6, 1794 ; 

Captain, ' Villiers's ' Regt. of Fencible Cavalry, 

May 23, 1794; 
M.P., Ludgershal, 1796 ; & 1 802-1 804 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Dumfries, 1798; 
Colonel, Dumfriesshire Regt. of Militia, 

April 24, 1798 ; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), May 23, 

1798; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Northampton, May 9, 

1804 ; 
M.P., St. Michaels, 1805-1806; 
M.P., Marlborough, 1806-1807 ; 
summ. to House of Lords as Baron Scott of 

Tyndale, April 11, 1807; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Doncaster, Jan. 11, 181 2; 



Earls. 



DONCASTER. 



605 



4th Duke of Buccleugh, in Scotland ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Edinburgh, Jan. 25, 181 2; 

K.T., May 22, 1812 ; 

m. Hon. Harriet Catherine Townshend, 4th d. 

of Thomas, 1st Viscount Sydney, March 24, 

1795; 

d. April 20, 18 1 9. 



18 1 9. Walter Francis Montagu Douglas Scott, son of Charles William : 

Earl of Doncaster, & Baron Scott of Tyndale ; 
Duke of Buccleugh & Queensbeny, Marquis of 
Dumfriesshire, Earl of Drumianrig, Buccleugh, 
Sanquhar, & Dalkeith, Viscount Nith, Thorthol- 
wold, & Ross, Baron Douglas of Kinmont, 
Middlebie, Dornock, & Scott of Whitchester & 
Eskdale, in Scotland. 

B. Nov. 25, 1806 ; 

st. Lord Scott of Whitchester, 1808-1819 '> 

succ. as 5th Earl of Doncaster, April 20, 18 19; 

5th Duke of Buccleugh, in Scotland ; 

educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge ; 

Major, Dumfries Regt. of Militia, May 3, 1826; 

M. A. of Cambridge, 1827; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Edinburgh, March 5, 

1828; 
President of the Royal Body Guard of Scottish 

Archers ; 
K.T., Nov. 5, 1830 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 10, 1834 ; 
K.G., Feb. 23, T835 ; 
Captain-General of the Royal Body Guard of 

Scottish Archers ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Roxburgh, Dec. 2, 1841; 
Colonel, Edinburgh (' Queen's ') Light Infantry 

Regt. of Militia, Jan. 6, 1842 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Feb. 2, 1842- 

Jan. 21, 1846 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 2, 1842 ; 
cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, 1842 ; 
High Steward of Westminster, 1842; 



Earls. 



6o6 



DONCASTER. 



{See Appendix.) 



a Governor of the Charterhouse, July 3 r, 1845 ; 
Lord President of the Council, Jan. 21-July 6, 

1846; 
a Governor of the Wellington College ; 
Militia Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, & Colonel, 

March 13, 1857 ; 
Chancellor of the University of Glasgow, April 

24, 1878; 

7;/. Lady Charlotte Thymic, yd d. of Thomas, 
2nd Marquis of Bath, Aug. 13, 1829; 

d. April 16. 1884. 



Earl. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., the arms of King Charles II., debruised by a baton 
sinister argent ; II., Or, on a bend azure, an estoile between 2 crescents of the 
field, (Scott) ; III.. Quarterly, 1 & 4, Argent, a human heart gules, crowned 
with an imperial crown or, & on a chief azure, 3 mullets of the field, (Douglas); 
2 & 3, Azure, a bend between 6 cross crosslets fitchee or, (Mar). The whole 
(of this quarter) within a bordure or, charged with the double tressure of Scot- 
land gules, (Duchy of Queensberry). 

Crest — A stag trippant proper, attired & unguled or. 

Supporters— Two female figures habited from the waist downwards in blue kirtles 
gathered up at the knees, the arms & bosoms uncovered ; around the shoulders 
flowing mantles vert suspended by the exterior hand ; girdles & sandals gules, 
& their heads adorned with a plume of 3 ostrich feathers argent. 

Motto — Amo. 



DORCHESTER. 



607 




DORCHESTER. 



CARLETON. 

1628. Dudley Carleton. son of Anthony Carleton, Esq. : Viscount Dor- 
chester of Dorchester, & Baron Carleton of 
Imbercourt. 

B. March 10, 1573 ; 

educ Westminster ; & Christ Church, Oxford ; 

Attached to Embassy at Paris, [July n, 1597]; 

M.A. of Oxford, July 12, 1600 ; 

Secretary of Embassy at Paris, June, 1601 ; 

M.P., St. Mawes, 1604-1611 ; 

Knight, (by King James I.), June 25, 1610 ; 

Ambassador to Venice, (& Turin), Aug. 13, 

1610-Oct., 1615 ; 
Ambassador to the Hague, Jan. 4, 1616-1625 ; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 12, 1625 ; 
Vice Chamberlain of the Household, Dec. 28, 

1625-Dec, 1628 ; 
Joint Ambassador to France, Dec. [31], 1625- 

March, 1626 ; 
M.P., Hastings, 1626 ; 
Member of the permanent Council of War, 

May 3, 1626 ; 
cr. Baron Carleton of Imbercourt, May 22, 

1626 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, July 22, 

1626 ; 
cr. M.A. of Cambridge, March 3, 1627 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to the Hague, 

April [29], 1627 ; 
First Commissioner to invest Henry, Prince of 

Orange with the Garter, May 12, 1627 ; 
cr. Viscount Dorchester of Dorchester, 

July 21, 1628 ; 



Viscount, 

Marquis, 

Countess, 

Earls. 



^S. V^ ■:_!. ' r 9^£Vi!i'^AtJ^^ 

After C. Jonson : (N. P. Coll.) 



Wood, ii. F 
285. 



Wood, ii. 
5i9- 



P. c. 


Reg. 


Ibid. 




Dom. 


xii. 93 


Dom. 


XXVI. 


33- 





Dom. xxxii. 
16. 



Dom. Ixi. 65. 
Pat. 3. 



6o8 



DORCHESTER. 



First Commissioner of the Admiralty, Sept. 20, 

1628 ; 
Principal Secretary of State, Dec. 18, 1628 ; 
Joint Keeper of the King's Game in the Honour 

of Hampton Court, Sept. 28, 1630; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, July 11, 1 63 1 ; 

m. ( 1) Anne, d. &= co.-h. of George Garrard, Esq., 
Oct., 1607 ; {d. April 18, 1627) ; 

m. (2) Anne, dowager- Viscountess Bayning, 
June 14, 1630 ; 

d. Feb. 15, 1632. 



Viscount, 
Marquis. 



Signet Bk. 




^2^ 




ARMS — Argent, on a bend sable, 3 mascles of the field. 

Crest — Out of a coronet or, a unicorn's head sable, maned argent, his horn parted 
of the second & first. 

Supporters — Dexter, a unicorn sable, his mane, tail, & hoofs argent, & horn as 
the crest ; Sinister, an ounce proper. 

Motto— Non ad perniciem. 



+ + 



PIERREPONT. 

1645. Henry Pierrepont, son of Robert, 1st Earl of Kingston : Marquis 

of Dorchester, Earl of Kingston, Viscount 
Newark, & Baron Pierrepont of Holme-Pierre- 
pont, Lord Manvers & Herris. 

B. 1606 ; 

educ. Emmanuel Coll., Cambridge , 

st. Henry Pierrepont, Esq., 1624-1626 ; 

M.P., Nottingham, 1628-1629 ; 




From a bust belonging to the College 
of Physicians. 



st. Viscount Newark, 1628-1643 '■> 

summ. to Park, as Baron Pierrepont of 

Holme-Pierrepont, Jan. ii, 1641 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Nottingham, about June, 

1642 ; 
cr. M.A. of Oxford, Nov., 1642 ; 
Member of the Council of Wax, (Oxford), 

[Jan. 21, 1643]; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Kingston, July 30, 1643; 
Joint Commissioner for King Charles L, (at 

Conference of Uxbridge), Jan. 28-Feb. 22, 

1645 ; 
Privy Councillor, March 1, 1645 ; 

cr. Marquis of Dorchfster, March 25, 1645 > 

a Bencher of Gray's Inn, 165S ; 

Hon. Fellow of the College of Physicians, 
July 22, 1658 ; 

Privy Councillor, Aug. 27, 1660 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Nottingham &r Middle- 
sex, 1660 ; 

a Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 
Charles II., March 15, 1661 ; 

Joint Commissioner for office of Earl Marshal, 
May 26, 1662 ; 

F.R.S., May 20, 1C63; 

Recorder of Nottingham, Feb. 7, 1666 ; 

Joint Commissioner for office of Earl Marshal, 
June 15, 1673 ; 

m. (1) Cecilia, d. of Paul, 1st Viscount Bayning; 

(d. Sept. 19, 1639) ; 
/;/. (2) Lady Catheiine Stanley, 3??/ d. of y anus, 

7 th Earl of Derby, Sept. , 1652; 

d. Dec. 1, 1680. 



Marquis. 




Hutchinson, 
Mem. 102 
Wood, iv. F. 
36. 

MS. Harl. 



P. C. Reg. 



Walker, 36. 

Dom. Corr. 
Warr. Bk. 



Warr. Bk. 
16. 



VOL. I. 



4 I 



6io 



DORCHESTER. 



Arms— Quarterly of 7. I., Argent, semee of cinquefoils gules, a lion rampant 
sable, (Pierrepont) ; II., Argent, 6 annulets sable, (Manvers) ; III., 
Azure, 3 hedgehogs or, (Heriz) ; IV., Sable, a lion rampant argent, crowned 
or, (Segrave) ; V., Gules, a lion rampant within a bordure engrailed or, 
(Talbot) ; VI., Azure, a lion rampant within a bordure or, (Talbot) ; VII., 
Bendy of 10 argent & gules, (Talbot). 

Crest — On a wreath argent & sable, a lion rampant of the second armed & langued 
gules, between two wings expanded of the first. 

Supporters — Two lions sable armed & langued gules. 

Motto— Pie repone te. 



+ 



+ 



S ED LEY. 



+ 



Viscount, 
Countess, 
Marquis. 



1686, Catherine Sedley, d. of Sir Charles Sedley, Bart. : Countess of 

Dorchester, & Baroness of Darlington. 

B. before 1653 ; 

cr. Baroness of Darlington, & Countess of Dor- 
chester, Jan. 20, 1 686 ; 

m. Gen. David Co/year, afterwards Earl of 
Poiimore ; 

d. Oct. 26, 1 717. 

Arms— Azure, a fess wavy between 3 goats' heads erased argent. 
+ + + 



PIERREPONT. 

1706. Evelyn Pierrepont, greatnephew of Henry : Marquis of Dor- 
chester, Earl of Kingston, Viscount Newark, 
& Baron Pierrepont of Holme-Pierrepont. 

B. about 1665 ; 

st. Evelyn Pierrepont, Esq., [i683]-i69o; 

M.P., East Retford, 1689 ; & 1690 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Kingston, Sept., 1690 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Wilts, [1701] ; I Mil. Bk.4. 



DORCHESTER. 


611 


Recorder of Nottingham ; 


Marquis, 
Eauls. 


1704. — 'A very fine gentle- cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, April 16, 1705 ; 




man. . . . Is of a black a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland, 




complexion, well made. — 




J. Mackv, p. 75. April 10, 1706 ; 




Custos Rotulorum, co. Wilts, June 3, 1706- 




July 5, 1711 ; 




cr. Marquis of Dorchester, Dec. 23, 1706 ; 




Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 




Forests, North of Trent, Nov. 19, 17 14; 




Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 




Wilts, Dec. 1, 1 7 14 ; 




cr. Duke of Kingston, July 29, 1715 ; 




see title Kingston. 




4-4-4- 




DAMER. 




1792. Joseph Damer, son of Joseph Damer, Esq.: Earl of Dorchester, 




Viscount & Baron Milton of Milton Abbey ; 




Baron Milton of Shronehill, in Ireland. 




B. March 12, 17 18 ; 




st. Joseph Damer, Esq., 1 736-1 753 ; 




M.P., Weymouth, 1 741-1747 ; 




M.P., Bramber, 1747-1754; 




cr. Baron Milton of Shronehill, in Ireland, 




June 5, 1753 ; 




Privy Councillor of Ireland, Oct. 6, 1753 ; 




M.P., Dorchester, 1754; & 1761-1762 ; 




cr. Baron Milton of Milton Abbey, May n, 




1762 ; 




cr. Viscount Milton, & Earl of Dorchester, 




May 18, 1792 ; 




Steward for the Duchy of Cornwall in co. 




Dorset, [1794] ; 




High Steward of Dorchester ; 




tn. Lady Caroline Saekville, yd d. of Lionel, 1st 




Duke of Dorset, July 27, 1742 ; 




d. Jan. 12, 1798. 




4 1 2 





1798. George Damer, son of Joseph : Earl of Dorchester, Viscount & 

Baron Milton of Milton Abbey ; Baron Milton 
of Shronehill, in Ireland. 

B. March 28, 1746 ; 

st. Hon. George Damer, 1 762-1 792 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.P., Cricklade, 1768-1774; 

cr. M.A. of Cambridge, July 3, 1769 ; 

M.P., St. Andrews, Cupar, & Crail, 1777-1780; 

Lieutenant, Dorsetshire Regt. of Militia, April, 

1778; 

Major, 87th Regt. of Foot, Oct. 5, 1779 ; 

M.P., Dorchester, 1780; & 1 784-1 790 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, (in West Indies), June 12, 
1782 ; 

st. Viscount Milton, 1792-1798; 

M.P., Malton, 1792 ; & 1796-1798 ; 

Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland, Dec., 1794-March, 1795 ; 

Privy Councillor, Dec. 17, 1794 ; 

M.P., Naas, (Irish Park.), 1 794-1 797 ; 

Privy Councillor of Ireland, Jan. 4, 1795 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Dorchester, Jan. 12, 1798; 

Colonel, Dorsetshire Regt. of Militia, June 23, 
1798-Dec, 1799 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Dorset, (swn.), June 17, 1803 ; 

Colonel, Dorsetshire Regt. of Gentry & Yeo- 
manry, July 28, 1803 ; 

d. March 7, 1808. 

Arms— Barry nebuly of 6 argent & gules, a bend engrailed azure. 

Crest — Out of a mural coronet or, a talbot's head azure, eared of the first. 

Supporters — Dexter, a talbot azure, murally gorged & eared or; Sinister, a lalbot 
argent, murally gorged & eared azure. 

Motto— Tu ne cede malis. 



Earl. 



+ 



+ 





DORSET. 


613 




DORSET. 


Earls, 


io . . . Osmund de Seez, 


nephew of King William I. : Earl of Dorset; 
Count of Se'ez, in Normandy. 

B. before 1050 ; 


Marquises, 
Dukes. 




succ. as Count of Seez, in Normandy ; 


Capgrave, 
Nova 


' Prtcclarus ex stripe regia, ac 
etiamducalinobilissimaortus 
prosapia.' — Bulla Calixti 
Pap/E III., Raynaldus, X., 


cr. Earl of Dorset, (by King William I.) ; 

ordained Priest ; 

Chancellor to King William I., about 1075 ; 


Legenda 
Angl. ff. 247, 
&24Q. 


p. 136. 


cons. Bishop of Salisbury, 1078 ; 

d. Dec. 3, 1099. 

canonized, by Pope Calixtus III., Jan. 1, 
1457; 




+ 


+ + 
MOHUN. 




1 141. William de Mohun III., son of William de Mohun II. : Earl of 






Dorset & Somerset, & Baron de Mohun of 




■ 


Dunster. 

B. before 1112 ; 




' Vir non solum honoris summi, 


succ. as 3rd Baron de Mohun, before 1139 ; 




sed et generis conspicui.' — 
Gesta Stephani, p. 52. 


Knight ; 

Commander for the Empress Maud, 1 139-1 141 ; 


Gesta 




cr. Earl of Dorset, before Sept., 1141; 


Stephani, p. 

. 




Founder of Bruton Priory, co. Somerset ; 


01. 

Monast. vi. 




st. himself Earl of Somerset, i 142 ; 


Pt. 1, 335- 




m. before 1130 ; 






d. (before) 1165. 




4- 


+ + 





6i 4 DORSET. 


BEAUFORT. 




1397, John de Beaufort, eldest nat son of John of Ghent, Duke of 


Marquis. 


Lancaster : Marquis of Dorset & Somerset, & 




Earl of Somerset. 




B. about 1375 ; 
Knight, [1391] ; 


R. Franc, 
m. 12. 


st. John de Beaufort, Feb. 6, 1397 ; 


R. Pari. iii. 
343- 


legitimated, Feb. 6, 1397 ; 


Ibid. 


cr. Earl of Somerset, Feb. 10, 1397; 




K.G., 1397 ; 




Lieutenant of the Duchy of Aquitaine, Sept. 1, 
1397; 


R. Vase. m. 

8. 


cr. Marquis of Dorset, Sept. 29, 1397 ; 




cr. Marquis of Somerset, Sept. 29, 1397 ; 




St. always Marquis of Dorset, 1397-1399 ', 




Constable of Wallingford Castle, & Steward of 




the Honour of Wallingford, & St. Valery, 




Nov. 22, 1397 ; 


Pat. 2, m. 

20. 


Admiral of the Irish Fleet, Feb. 2, 1398 ; 


Pat. 3, m. 

23. 


Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 




Cinque Ports, Feb. 5, 1398-Aug. 21, 1399; 


Pat. 2, m. 9. 


Admiral of the North & West, May 9, 1398 ; 


Pat. 3, m. 23. 


deprived of the Marquisate, Oct. 6, 1399 ; 


R. Pari. iii. 
450. 


m. Margaret de Holand, sister &> co.-h. of 




Thomas, yd Earl of Kent ; 




see title Somerset. 




Arms, I. — Per pale argent & azure, on a bend gules, 3 lions passant gardant or, & 
a label of France. 




Arms, II., 1397 — Quarterly, France ancient, & England, within a bordure 




gobony argent & azure. 




Crest — On a chapeau gules lined ermine, a lion of England gorged with a collar 




gobony as in the Arms. 





1412. 



Thomas de Beaufort, brother of John : Earl of Dorset. 

B. about 1377 ; 

legitimated, Feb. 6, 1397 ; 

K.G., 1400 ; 

Captain of the Castle of Calais, April 1, 1400- 

1403; 
Joint Captain of Carmarthen, Sept.-Oct., 1403; 

Admiral of the North, Nov. 18, 1403 ; 

Deputy Earl Marshal of England, (for a Court 

Martial), June 6, 1404; 
Captain of Carmarthen, April, 1405 ; 
Captain of Cardigan Castle, [April, 1405] ; 
Captain of Emlyn New Castle, [April, 1405] ; 
Captain of the Castle of Calais, July 28, 1406 ; 
Joint Controller in South & North Wales & the 

Marches, Dec. 26, 1406 ; 
Vice Constable of England, Aug. 12, 1407 ; 
Admiral of the North & West, Sept. 21, 1408 ; 
Admiral of England, Ireland, Aquitaine, & 
^4P^k^M Picardy, July 27, 1409 ; 

Privy Councillor, [Aug. 18, 1409] ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with France, 

Sept. 3, 1409 ; 
Chancellor of England. Jan. 31, 1410-Jan. 5, 

1412 ; 
Guardian of the Truce with France, March 1, 

1410; 
cr. Earl of Dorset, July 5, 1412 ; 
Lieutenant of the Duchy of Aquitaine, July 22, 

I4i3~ 1 4i5 '■> 
Joint Ambassador to France, Dec. 7, 1414 ; 
Privy Councillor, [May 25, 1415] ; 
Captain of Harfleur, Sept. 22, 1415 ; 
Lieutenant of the Duchy of Normandy, about 

Jan. 27, 1416 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with France, Sept. 

9-. 1416 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Norfolk & Suffolk, & 

East Riding, co. York ; 
cr. Duke of Exeter, Nov. iS, 1416 ; 

see title Exeter. 




From a drawing of his Garter 
plate: MS. S.M.L. 39, in Coll 
of Arms. 



Quarterly, France & Eng- 
land, a bordure compony 
ermine & azure. 



Crest — 'Upon a chapeau 
gules, doubled ermine, a 
lyon gardant crouned or, 
gorged with a collar com- 
pony as in the Arms.' 



Earl. 



R. Pari. iii. 
343- 



Acts, P. C. 
i. 217. 



R. Viag m. 

19. 

Acts, P. C. 

i. 252. 

Ibid. 

Ibid 

R. Franc. 

m. 3. 

Pat. 1, m. 3, 

R. Viag. m. 

9- 

Pat. 2, m. 4. 

R. Pat. 2, 
m. 9. 

Acts, P. C. 
i. 320. 

R. Franc. 

m. 2. 



R. Franc, 
m. 16. 



R. Vase. m. 

8. 

R. Franc. 

m. 12. 

Acts, P. C. 

ii. 165. 



R. Franc, m. 

3- 

R. Franc, m. 
15- 



6i6 



DORSET. 



1441. 



Edmund Beaufort, nephew of Thomas : Marquis & Earl of Dorset, 

Earl of Somerset, Maine, Mortain, & Harcourt. 

B. after 1402 ; 

Knight, before March 14, 1427 ; 
Constable of Nottingham Castle, & Warden of 
Sherwood Forest, Jan. 20, 1425-June 12, 

1434 ; 
cr. Earl of Mortain, before Jan. 12, 1431 ; 
Captain of the Town & Castle of Gisors, [Jan. 12, 

1431] ; 

Constable of Carmarthen Castle, & Steward of 
Walstot, Aug. 8, 1433 J 

Steward & Lieutenant of Kedwelly, Tskennyn, 
Carnwallon, Monmouth, Skenfrith, Whit- 
castle, & Grosmont, &: Constable of the 
Castles of Monmouth, Grosmont, & Whit- 
castle, Aug. 8, 1433 ; 

Joint Special Commissioner & Envoy to Scot- 
land, Aug. 14, 1433 ; 

Joint Ambassador, Orator, Procurator, & Special 
Envoy to the Council of Basle, Feb. 18, 

1434 ; 
Captain & Constable of Aberystwith Castle, 

Dec. 9, 1435 \ 
K.G, before May, 1436; 
Constable of Windsor Castle, & Warden of the 

Forests, Parks, & Warrens, July 21, 1438; 
st. Earl of Dorset, July 21, 1438 ; 
cr. Earl of Dorset, Aug. 28, 1441 ; 
cr. Marquis of Dorset, June 24, 1443 ; 
Privy Councillor, [July 6], 1443 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Somerset, May 27, 1444; 
Captain-General & Governor of Maine & Anjou, 

[July 2 8]-Sept, 1447 ; 
Captain of Le Mans & Beaumont-le-Vicomte, 

[1447] ; 

Lieutenant of the Duchy of Normandy, Dec, 

1447 ; 

Lieutenant-General of France, & the Duchies of 
Normandy & Guienne, [Jan. 31], 1448 ; 



Marquis. 



R. Franc, m. 
11. 



MS. Vcsp. 
F. xiii. 



MS. 21,156, 
f.87. 



Pat. 2, m. if 



Arms, 1444. — Quarterly, 
France modern, & Eng- 
land, a bordure gobony 
argent & azure. 



Badge— A portcullis. 



Lane. Reg. 
18. 



R. Scot. m. 
1. 



Pat. 1, m. 8. 



Pat. i, m. 

IS- 



Pat. 2, m. 12. 
Ibid. 



Acts, Pr. C, 
v. 208. 



Wars, ii. 704. 
Ibid. 707. 
Wars, i. 477. 
Ibid. 479. 



DORSET. 



617 



cr. Duke of Somerset, March 31, 1448; 

in. Lady Eleanor Beauchamp, 2nd d. &> co.-h. 
of Richard^ $fh Earl of Warwick \ 



+ 



+ 



see title Somerset. 



+ 



GREY. 

1475. Thomas Grey, son of John, 8th Lord Ferrers of Groby : Marquis of 

Dorset, & Baron Ferrers of Groby, Harington, 
& Bonville. 

B. 1451 ; 

succ. as 9th Baron Ferrers of Groby, Feb. 18, 

1461; 
became stepson to King Edward IV., May 1, 

1463; 
cr. Earl of Huntingdon, Aug. 14, 1471 ; 
Baron Harington & Bonville, (jure uxoris), 

[April 23], 1475 ; 
Knight, (by King Edward IV.), April 18, 1475 > 
cr. Marquis of Dorset, (in exchange), May 30, 

1475; 
Captain in the King's Army, (France), June- 
Sept, 1475; 
K.G., after Jan. 10, 1476 ; 
Privy Councillor ; 
Keeper of the Manor of Ringwood, the Manor 

& Hundred of Ambresbury, & the Town, 

Hundred, & Liberty of Tewkesbury, 

Sept. 16, 1480 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Gloucester, Worcester, 

Salop, Northampton, Cornwall, Devon, 

Somerset, Dorset, & Wilts ; 
Constable of the Tower of London, April 

May, 1483 ; 
attainted, Jan., 14S4 ; 
restored as Marquis of Dorset, Nov., 14S5 ; 

vol. t. A K 



Eaki., 
Makijuis. 



MS. Claud, 
C. iii. 



Pat. 1, m. 1. 



R Pari. vi. 
316. 



6i8 



DORSET. 



Homo bonus & prudens.' — 
P. Vergil, p. 567. 



Motto— $rrtutc truce. 

Badge — A unicorn ermine, 
armed, unguled, maned, & 
tufted or. 

Colours— White & pink. 



Privy Councillor, after 1485 ; 

Constable of Ruthlond Castle, April 10, 1495; 

Chief Commissioner of Array in co. Worcester, 

April 23, 1496 ; 
Chief Captain of the King's Forces, July, 1497; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Warwick, Leicester, 

Northampton, Gloucester, Hereford, & 

Worcester ; 

in. Cicely, d. 6° //. of William Bonvilk, Lord 
before April 23, 1475 > 



Harington, 



d. Sept. 20, 1 501. 



<f Wkr- 






1 50 1. Thomas Grey II., son of Thomas I. : Marquis of Dorset, Baron 

Ferrers of Groby, Astley, Harington, & Bon- 
ville. 

B. June 22, 1477 ; 

st. Lord Harington, [i494]-i5oi ; 

Knight of the Bath, Oct. 31, 1494; 

succ. as 2nd Marquis of Dorset, Sept. 20, 

L5 01 > 
K.G., 1501 or 1502 ; 

a Justice of ' Oyer and Terminer ' in London, 

April 1, 1502 ; 
Chief Steward of the Manor of Chartley, & 

Master of the Hunt in Chartley Park, 

Nov. 9, 1502 ; 
Warden & Chief Forester of Salcey Forest, 

Aug. 3, 1509 ; 
summ. to Parlt. as Marquis of Dorset & Baron 

Ferrers of Groby, Oct. 17, 1509; 
High Steward of Daventry Priory, [1509] ; 
Lieutenant-General of the English Army, 

(Biscay), May 2-Nov., 1512 ; 



1506. — 'My Lord Markas 
rydyng apon a bald sorelyd 
hors, with a deyp trapper 
full of long tassels of gold of 
Venys, & apon the crowper 
of hys hors a whytt fedyr ; 
with a cott apon hys bak, 
the body Goldsmyths wark, 
the slevys of cremysyne 
velvyt, with letters of gold. ' 
— Paston Letters, IT I., p. 
404. 



Marquises. 

P. Vergil, 
567. 



Pat. 2. m. 
14, d. 



Pat. 2, m. 
19, d. 



Pat. 1, m. 4. 

S. P. 434- 



S. P. 3989- 



DORSET. 



619 




From a picture in Hampton Court 
Palace. 



1519. — 'A right valiaunt & 
active capitain.' — Cardinal 
Wolsey to the King : MS, 
Vilcllius, B. xx. 



Label, 1477-1 501.— Azure. 
Colours — White & red. 

MS. Coll. Arms., I. 2. 



Joint Ambassador to Congress of Lille, Oct., 

15*3; 

Admiral & Captain to defend the Holy Roman 

Church, May 2, 15 14 ; 
Joint Commissioner to attend the Princess 

Mary at her marriage, (Paris), Sept. 23, 

Joint Ambassador to Paris, Oct. -Nov., 15 14 ; 
Lieutenant of the Order of the Garter, May 25, 

Steward of Warwick College, Oct. 25, 15 17 ; 
Steward of Kenilworth Abbey, Dec. 2, 15 17 ; 
Steward of Coventry Church, Dec. 2, 15 17 ; 
Steward of Mary vale Abbey, Dec. 4, 151 7 ; 
Steward of Nuneton Priory, Dec. 4, 15 17 ; 
Joint Steward of the Honour of Rayleigh, & 

Keeper of the Park, April 1, 15 19 ; 
Steward of Stoneley Abbey, June 13, 15 19; 
Privy Councillor, [June, 1520] ; 
One of the eight English Challengers, (Field of 

the Cloth of Gold), June, 1520; 
Chief Commissioner of Musters in co. Warwick, 

1522 ; 
Lord Warden &: Lieutenant of the East & 

Middle Marches towards Scotland, Feb. 26, 

Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King 

Henry VIIL, April [15], 1523 ; 
Warden & Chief Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests, Parks, Chaces, & Warrens, South 

of Trent, June 17, 1523 ; 
Steward of the Lordship of Chelmysmore, & 

Master of the Hunt, Sept. 20, 1525 ; 
Lord Master of the Household to the Princess 

of Wales, 1526; 
Constable of Warwick Castle, Constable & 

Steward of Warwick, Keeper of the Manor 

of Goodrest, & Weggenoke Park, Dec. 4, 

15 28 ; 

Constable of Kenilworth Castle, & Keeper of 
the Park & Woods,. Nov. 18, 1529; 
± k 2 



Marquis. 

MS. Vesp. 
C. i. 91. 



S. P. 5441. 
S. P. 5569- 



MS. Tit. B. 



Chron. of 
Calais, 26. 



S. P. 24S4 



Pat. 2, m. 
28. 



S. P. 2955. 

Pat. 1, m. 23, 
Pat. 2, m. 8. 
S. P. 2331, 2. 



Lane. Reg. 
22. 



620 



DORSET. 



m. Margaret, (Mrs. Medley), d. of Sir Robert 
Wotton, Knt. ; 

d. Oct. 10, 1530. 




^B^IJtH- 



1530. Henry Grey, son of Thomas II. : Marquis of Dorset, & Baron 

Ferrers of Groby, Astley, Harington, & Bon- 
ville. 

B. before 15 10 ; 

Joint Stewad of Warwick College, Oct. 25, 

1517 ; 

Joint Steward of Kenilworth Abbey, Dec. 2, 

1517; 
Joint Steward of Coventry Church, Dec. 2, 

is 1 ? ; 

Joint Steward of Maryvale Abbey, Dec. 4, 

i5 J 7; 
Joint Steward of Nuneton Priory, Dec. 4, 

15*7 ; 
Joint Steward of Stoneley Abbey, June 13, 

i5 x 9; 

st. Lord Grey, 1522-1530 ; 

succ. as 3rd Marquis of Dorset, Oct. 10, 

Knight of the Bath, May 30, 1533 j 

K.G., Feb. 17, 1547 ; 

Lord High Constable of England, for Coron. of 

King Edward VI., Feb. 18-20, 1547 ; 
Bearer of the Sceptre with the Dove, Coron. of 

King Edward VI., Feb. 20, 1547 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Leicester & Rutland, 

[Aug. 19, 1549] ; 
Privy Councillor, [Dec. n, 1549]; 




After a painter unknown. 



Marquis. 



Dom. viii. 
46. 

P. C. Reg. 



DORSET. 



621 



Chief Justice & Justice in Eyre of the Royal 

Forests, Parks, Chases, & Warrens, South 

of Trent, Feb. 2, 1550 ; 
Steward & Feodary of the Honour & Lordship 

of Leicester, & Constable of Leicester 

Castle, Feb. 14, 1551 ; 
Lord Warden-General of the East, Middle, & 

West Marches towards Scotland, March 23- 

Sept. 28, 1551 ; 
cr. Duke of Suffolk, Oct. 11, 155 1 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Leicester, May 16, 1552; 

111. (1) Lady Katharine Fitz- Alan, d. of William, 

13/// Earl of Arundel ; 
m. (2) Lady Frances Brandon, d. of Charles 

Duke of Suffolk ; 

see title Suffolk. 



Arms -Quarterly of 8 : I., Barry of 6 argent & azure, in chief 3 torteaux, (Grey) ; 
II., Or, a manch gules, (Hastings) ; III., Barry of 10 argent & azure, an 
orle of martlets gules, (Valence), over these 3 first coats a label ermine ; 
IV., Gules, 7 mascles conjoined, 3, 3, & 1, or, (Ferrers of Groby) ; V., 
Azure, a cinquefoil ermine, (AsTLEY) ; VI., Argent, a fess & canton gules, 
(Wydeyille) ; VII., Sable, 6 mullets, 3, 2, & 1, argent, pierced gules, 
(Bonville) ; VIII., Sable, a fret argent, (Harington). 

Crest — A unicorn salient ermine, armed, & unguled or, in front of a sun in 
splendour. 

Supporters — Dexter, A unicorn ermine, armed & unguled as the Crest ; 
Sinister, a man-tiger or. 

Motto— A ma tuissance. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



Marquis. 



Pat. 9. 



Lane. 


XII. 


13- 




Pat. 4 




P. C. 


Reg. 



622 



DORSET. 




SACKVILLE. 

1604. Thomas Sackville, only son of Sir Richard Sackville : Earl of Dorset, 

& Baron Buckhurst of Buckhurst. 

B. 1536; 

ecluc. Oxford & Cambridge ; 

Barrister, Inner Temple ; 

M.P., East Grinstead, 1557 ; 1559 ; & 1563 ; 

Joint Master of Ashdown Forest, & Keeper of 

the Game, Feb. 12, 1561 ; 
Feodary & Bailiff of the Duchy of Lancaster in 

co. Sussex ; 
M.P., Ailesbury, 1563-1567 ; 
Knight, (by Duke of Norfolk), June 8, 1567 ; 
cr. Baron Buckhurst of Buckhurst, June 8, 

1567 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to France, March 16, 

156S; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Nov. 23, 

i5 6 9- I 57° ; 
M.A. of Cambridge, Aug. 30, 157 1 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to Paris, Dec, 

1571-April, 1572 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Sussex, [1579] ; 
Privy Councillor, [Feb. 1, 1585] ; 
One of the Commissioners appointed to try 

Mary, Queen of Scotland, Oct. 6, 1586; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to the States of 

Holland, March [n], 1587 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Sept. 2, 

1587; 
K.G., April 24, 1589 ; 
Chief Butler of England, Dec. 12, 1590 ; 
a Commissioner of the Great Seal, Nov. 22, 

1591-May 28, 1592; 
Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Dec. 1 7, 

1591 ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Jan. 6, 1592; 

Keeper of the Manor & Lordship of 'Pleasaunce,' 

Greenwich, March 20, 1594; 
Lord High Treasurer of England, May 15, 1598; 



Earl. 



Lane. Reg. 
23- 



After a painter unknown. 



' A very fine gentleman of per- 
son & endowments.' — Sir 
Robert Naunton, Frag- 
ments!. Regalia, p. 55. 



Cecil, 764. 



Dora. lix. 

573- 

C H. C ii. 

278. 



MS. Lansd. 

683. 

P. C. R. 



Docquet. 

Pat. 17. 
Pat. 3. 
P. S. 



Pat. 6. 



DORSET. 



623 



160S. — ' II voulut prendre ses 
lunettes pour lire, '&c. — De 
l\ Bodf.kie, Ambassadcs, 
III., 247. 



Joint Commissioner to treat with the Dutch 

Ambassadors, Aug., 1598 ; 
Lord High Steward of England, (for trial of 

Robert, Earl of Essex, & Henry, Earl of 

Southampton), Feb. 19, 1601 ; 
High Steward of Ipswich, April 20, 1601 ; 
Joint Commissioner for Office of Earl Marshal 

of England, Dec. 6, 1601 ; 
Privy Councillor, May 10, 1603 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Sussex, July, 1603 ; 
cr. Earl of Dorset, March 13, 1604 ; 
Chief Commissioner to treat with Spain, May 1 9, 

1604; 
Joint Commissioner for office of Earl Marshal, 

Feb. 5, 1605 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Sussex & Kent ; 
Master of the Swans ; 

Cecile, d. of Sir John Baker, K/it., 1554 ; 

d. April 19, 1608. 



m 



^~ 7> ° 




h- 



1608. Robert Sackville, son of Thomas : Earl of Dorset, & Baron Buck- 
hurst of Buckhurst. 

B. about 1 56 1 ; 

st. Robert Sackville, Esq., 1579-1604; 

M.P., Lewes, 1588 ; 

M. P., co. Sussex, i59 2 -i593 I T 597-i59 8 J 

1601 ; & 1604-160S ; 
st. Lord Buckhurst, 1 604-1 608 ; 
Deputy- Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Feb. 19, 1604 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Dorset, April 19, 1608 ■ 
Chief Butler of England, April 19, 1608; 
Master of Ashdown Forest, & Broyle Chase ; 



Earls. 

Camden, 
723- 



Pat. 14, d. 
Dom. i, 73. 
Pat. 14, d. 



Willis, iii. 

Docquet. 



624 



DORSET. 



Joint Lord Lieutenant co. Sussex, & city of 
Chichester, Aug. 26, 1608; 

m. (1) Lady Margaret Howard, d. of Thomas, 

4I/1 Duke of Norfolk, (2) ; 
m. (2) Anne, dowager-Baroness Compton ; 

d. Feb. 27, 1609. 



1609. Richard Sackville I., son of Robert (1) : Earl of Dorset, & Baron 

Buckhurst of Buckhurst. 

B. March 28, 1590 ; 

st. Lord Buckhurst, 1608-1609 ; 

educ. Oxford ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Dorset, Feb. 27, r6o9 ; 

Chief Butler of England, Feb. 27, 1609; 

Master of Ashdown Forest, & Broyle Chase, 
Steward of the Honour of Aquila Castle, 
Pevensey, & Feodary of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, in co. Sussex, Sept. 28, 1609 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Sussex, Kent, Surrey, 
& Middlesex ; 

Joint Lord Lieutenant co. Sussex, & city of 
Chichester, Nov. 3, 16 12 ; 

Keeper of Broyle Park, & Ranger of Ringmer 

After a miniature. Woods, Nov. 27, 1612; 

Lady Anne Clifford, d. &* h. of George, yd 
Earl of Cumberland, Feb. 25, 1609; 

d. March 28, 1624. 




m. 



Earls. 
Pat. 28. 



Docquet. 



Dom. lxxi. 




1624. Edward Sackville, brother of Richard : Earl of Dorset, & Baron 

Buckhurst of Buckhurst. 

B. 1591 ; 

st. Edward Sackville, Esq., 1609-1616; 

M.P., co. Sussex, 1614 ; & 1 621-162 2 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Nov. 4, 16 16 ; 

Joint Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, April 27, 

1620-May 6, 1622 ; 
Ambassador to Paris, July, 1621 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Dorset, March 28, 1624 ; 
Master of Ashdown Forest, Steward of the 

Honour of Aquila & Pevensey Castle, & 

Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in co. 

Sussex, June 18, 1624 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, July 12, 

1624-Feb. 28, 1642 ; 
K.G., May 15, 1625 ; 
Joint Commissioner of Claims, Coron. of King 




After Van Dyck. 



Charles I., Jan. 23, 1626 



King 



' His person, beautiful & grace- 
ful & vigorous.' — Lord Cla- 
rendon, Hist. I., 99. 



'His goodly person.'— James 
Howell, Letters, p. 514. 



' His person with it such a state 

did bring, 
That made a court as if he had 

been king.' 

James Howell, ib. 



Bearer of the Third Sword, Coron. of 

Charles I., Feb. 2, 1626 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 22, 1626 ; 
Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, July 16, 1628 ; 
a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, Sept. 20, 

1628; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, Oct. 6, 

1628-Feb. 28, 1642 ; 
High Steward of Great Yarmouth, Nov. 30, 1629; 
High Steward of the Honour of Grafton, & 

Keeper of Grafton, Stoke, & Pottespury 

Parks, Dec. 3, 1629 ; 
Chief Forester of Salcey Forest, Dec. 3, 1629; 
Master-Forester, & Master of the Game, of 

Whittlewood Forest, Dec. 3, 1629 ; 
Constable of the Castle, & Captain of the Town 

of Beaumaris, Jan. 14, 1631 ; 
a Commissioner of Regency, Aug. 9-Nov. 25, 

1641 ; 
a Commissioner of the Treasury, March 7, 1643 i 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Jan. 21, 

1644-April 27, 1646; 



Earl. 



Walkley, 
127. 



Pat. 19. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 20. 

S. M. xvi. 

25- 



Dom. xix. 

34- 

MS. Ashm. 
857. 



Dom. cvii. 
40. 

Pat. 15. 



Pat. 4. 



Ibid. 



Pat. 6 d. 



Dugdale, 
Diary, 59. 



VOL. I. 



4L 



6 2 6 



DORSET. 



1652. 



m. Mary, d. &« h. of Sir George Curzon, K?it., 
of Crox/iall, before March 2, 161 2 ; 

d. July 17, 1652. 




Richard Sackville II., son of Edward : Earl of Dorset, & Baron 

Buckhurst of Buckhurst. 

B. Sept. 16, 1622 ; 

st. Lord Buckhurst, 1624-1652 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Feb. 1, 1626 ; 

M.P., East Grinstead, 1 640-1646 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Dorset, July 17, 1652 ; 

a Commissioner of the Militia for co. Middlesex, 

March 8, 1660 ; 
Master of Ashdown Forest, & of Broyle Chase, 

July 13, 1660; 
Joint Ford Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, July 30. 

1660-July 6, 1662 ; 
Joint Steward of the Honour of Aquila, & 

Pevensey Castle, Sept. 5, 1660; 
Joint Feodary & Bailiff of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster in co. Sussex, Sept. 5, 1660; 
Lord Sewer, Coron. of King Charles IF, 

April 23, i65i ; 
Member of the Society of the Inner Temple, 

Nov. 3, 1 661 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Sussex & Middlesex, 

1661 ; 
F.R.S., May 3, 1665 ; 
Joint Ford Fieutenant, & Custos Rotulorum, 

co. Sussex, June 4, 1670 ; 

;;;. Lady Frances Cranfeld, d. &> h. of Lionel, 
yd Earl of Middlesex ; 

d. Aug. 27, 1677. 




From the tomb in Withyam Church. 



Motto— Tous jours loyall. 



Earls. 



Journ. of H. 
C. vii. 867. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 38. 



Ibid. 



Walker, 124. 



Mil. Bk. 



DORSET. 



627 



1677. Charles Sackville, 




After Sir G. Kueller. 



'The figure of his body was 
strong, proportionable, beau- 
tiful.'— Matthew Prior, 
in Collins, I., 449. 



1704.— 'One of the finest 
gentlemen in England in 
the reign of King Charles 
II. . . . He is very fat.' — 
J. MAcky, p. 56. 



•Dorset, the grace of Courts.' 
— Pope, Epitaph in 
Withy am Church. 



son of Richard : Earl of Dorset & Middlesex, 
Baron Buckhurst of Buckhurst, & Cranfield of 
Cranfield. 

B. Jan. 24, 1638; 

st. Lord Buckhurst, 1652-1675 ; 

Joint Master of Ashdown Forest, Sept. 5, 1660; 

Joint Steward of the Honour of Aquila, & Peven- 

sey Castle, Sept. 5, 1660 ; 
Joint Feodary & Bailiff of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster in co. Sussex, Sept. 5, 1660 ; 
Joint Master of Broyle Park, & Ranger of Ring- 
mere Woods ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Kent, 1661 ; 
Volunteer with the Fleet, 1665 ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Charles 

II., Sept., 1668; 
Envoy Extraordinary to King Louis XIV., 1669; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, June 4, 

1670; 
Captain, ' Duke of Buckingham's ' Regt. of 

Foot, June 14-Nov. 1, 1672 ; 
cr. Earl of Middlesex, April 4, 1675 ; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Dorset, Aug. 27, 1677 ; 
Lord Lieutenant &: Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Sussex, Aug. 27, 1677-Feb. 15, 1688; 
Bearer of the Queen's Sceptre with the Dove, 

Coron. of King James II., April 23, 1685; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Feb. 14, 

1689-April 19, 1697 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 14, 1689 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Sussex, April 17, 1689; 
Keeper of Greenwich Palace, &: Steward of 

Say's Court, Deptford, & Stroud, May 14, 

1690-March 22, 1697; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Somerset, June 24, 

1690-Feb. 3, 1691; 
K.G., Feb. 2, 1692 ; 
a Lord Justice of England, May 3-Oct. io, 

^95; 
High Steward of Stratford-on-Avon ; 

4 1. 2 



Eakt.. 



Lane. Div. 
xh. 3 8. 



Dom. Ix. 66. 



Signet Bk. 



Mil. Bk. 



Ibid. 



Sandford. 



Pat. 



Pat. 



628 



DORSET. 



a Lord Justice of England, May i-Oct. 6, 

1696 ; 

a Lord Justice of England, April 26-Nov. 14, 

1697 ; 

a Lord Justice of England, July 20-Dec. 3, 

1698 ; 

F.R.S., Jan. 11, 1699; 

;//. (1) Elizabeth (Bagot), dowager- Countess of 

Falmouth, June, 1674 ; 
///. (2) Lady Mary Compton, d. of James, Earl 

of Northampton, March 7, 1685 • 
;;/. (3) Airs, fioelie, [Oct. 27], 1704; 

d. Jan. 29, 1707. 




1707. 



Lionel Cranfield Sackville, son of Charles (2) : Duke & Earl of 

Dorset, Earl of Middlesex, Baron Buckhurst 
of Buckhurst, & Cranfield of Cranfield. 

B. Jan. 18, 1688 ; 

st. Earl of Middlesex, 1688-1707 ; 

succ. as 7th Earl of Dorset, Jan. 29, 1707 ; 

Constable of Dover Castle. & Lord Warden of 

the Cinque Ports, Dec. 3, 1708-June 26, 

1712 ; 
Envoy Extraordinary to Hanover, Aug., 17 14; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George I., 

Sept. 18, 1 7 14 ; 
K.G., Oct. 16, 1 7 14 ; 
Constable of Dover Castle, & Lord Warden of the 

Cinque Ports, Oct. 18, 1714-July, 1717 ; 
Bearer of Sceptre with the Cross, Coron. of 

King George I., Oct. 20, 1714; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 16, 17 14; 



Earl, 
Duke. 



Warr. Bk. 
10. 



Appmt Bk. 
257- 



Warr. Bk. 
13- 



DORSET. 



629 




After Sir G. Kneller. 



•That Duke ' had ' the greatest 
dignity in his appearance.' 
. . . ' A man of dignity.' — 
Horace Walpole, Mem. 
Geo. II, I., pp. 98, & 279. 



1 75 1. — ' Very graceful & 
princely.' — Mrs. Delaney, 
Antobiog., iSxV., III., p. 51. 



* In all respects a perfect Eng- 
lish courtier.' . . . Had 'a 
large-grown, full person.' — 
Lord Shelburne, in Life, 
I., 34i- 



cr. Duke of Dorset, June 7, 1720 ; 
Custcs Rotulorum, co. Kent, May 12, 1724 ; 
Vice Admiral, co. Kent, Jan. 27, 1725 ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, May 30, 1725- 

June 19, 1730; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, June 1, 1725 ; 
Lord High Steward of England for Coron. of 

King George II., Oct. n, 1727 ; 
Bearer of ' St. Edward's ' Crown, Coron. of King 

George II., Oct. n, 1727 ; 
High Steward of Tamworth, May 6, 1729 ; 
High Steward of Stratford-on-Avon ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, June 19, 1730- 

Sept. 7, 1737 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, Sept. 15, 1730 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 17, 

173°; 
Lord Steward of the Household. March 31, 

1738-Jan. 3, 1745 ; 
Lord President of the Council, Jan. 3, 1745- 

June 17, 175 1 ; 
a Lord Justice of Great Britain, May 4- 

Aug. 31, 1745; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Kent, July 8, 1746 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Dec. 6, 1750- 

Ma y 5> 1755 ; 

Major-General, March 18, 1755 ; 
Master of the Horse, March 29, 1755-Nov. 25, 
1760; 

m. Elizabeth, d. of Liatt.-Gen. the Hon. Walter 
Philip Collier, Jan., 1709; 

d. Oct. 10, 1763. 



J? 



Duke. 



Mun. Ek. 
vii. 




cm^ 




Pat. 



P. C. Keg. 



6 3 o 



DORSET. 



1763. Charles Sackville II., son of Lionel : Duke & Earl of Dorset, 

Earl of Middlesex, Baron Buckhurst of Buck- 
hurst, & Cranfield of Cranfield. 

B. Feb. 6, 1 7 1 1 ; 

st. Earl of Middlesex, 1720-1763 ; 

educ. Westminster, & Oxford ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 15, 1730; 

M.P., East Grinstead, 1 734-1 741 ; 

Captain of Walmer Castle, Sept., 1734 ; 

High Steward of the Honour of Otford, May 

26, 1741 j 
M.P., co. Sussex, 1 741-1747 ; 
a Lord of the Treasury, Dec. 23, 1743- 

June, 1747 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Oct. 20, 1745 ; 
Master of the Horse to Frederick, Prince of 

Wales, June, 1747-March, 1751; 
M.P., Old Sarum, 1 747-1 754 ; 
M.P., East Grinstead, 1 761-1763 ; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Dorset, Oct. 10, 1763 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Kent, Feb. 10, 1766 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 10, 1766 ; 

m. Grace Boyle, d. &> sole h. of Richard, Viscount 
Shannon, 1743 ; 

d. Jan. 5, 1769. 



' His figure, which was hand- 
some, had all the reserve of 
his family, & all the dignity 
of his ancestors.' — Horace 
Walpole, Mem. Geo. II. , 
L, p. 97- 




Duke. 



Arms— Quarterly, Or & gules, a bend vaire, (Sackville). 

Crest— Out of a coronet, adorned with fleurs de lys or, an estoile argent. 

Supporters— Two leopards argent, spotted sable. 

Motto— Aut nunquam tentes, aut perfice. 



DORSET. 



631 




Aftei Sir J. Reynolds. 



1769- John Frederick Sackville, nephew of Charles : Duke it Earl of 

Dorset, Earl of Middlesex, Baron Buckhurst of 
Buckhurst, &: Cranfield of Cranfield. 

B. March 24, 1745 ; 
educ. Westminster ; 
st. John Frederick Sackville, Esq., 17-63- 

1769; 
M.P., co. Kent, 1 768-1 769 ; 
succ. as 3rd Duke of Dorset, Jan. 5, 1769 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, Vice Admiral, & Custos Rotu- 

lorum, co. Kent, Jan. 27, 1769-June 13, 

1797; 
High Steward of Stratford-on-Avon ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Derby, April 2, 1773; 

Colonel, West Kent Regt. of Militia, April 13, 

1773; 
Colonel in the Army, (during service), July 2, 

1779; 
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Feb. n, 

1782-April 30, 1783 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. n, 1782 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 

Paris, Dec. 26, 1783-Aug. 8, 1789; 
K.G., April 9, 1788; 

Lord Steward of the Household, Oct. 7, 1789; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, March 4, 

1796; 
a Trustee of Westminster School, May 11, 1797; 

;;/. Arabella Diana, d. of Sir Charles Cope, 

1783.— 'His person, if not Bart., Jan. 4, 1 790 ; 

handsome, was highly agree- j t 1 

able ; the expression of his a - J U V x 9> x 799- 

countenance noble, & inter- 
esting ; his manners, soft, 
quiet, ingratiating, & formed 
for a Court, destitute of all 
affectation, but not deficient 
in dignity.' — SlR N. W. 
YVraxall, Hist. Mem., II., 
472. 



176S. — ' He (Count Holke) is 
jealous of Sackville, & says: 
' ' cegros noir ri 'est pas bean. ' ' 
—Horace Walpole, Let- 
ters, v., 125. 




€trJt 




Duke. 



632 



DORSET. 



1799. George John Frederick Sackville, son of John Frederick : Duke 

& Earl of Dorset, Earl of Middlesex, Baron 
Buckhurst of Buckhurst, & Cranfield of Cran- 
field. 

B. Nov. 15, 1793 ; 

st. Earl of Middlesex, i 793-1 799 ; 

suce. as 4th Duke of Dorset, July 19, 1799 ; 

educ. Harrow, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

High Steward of Stratford-on-Avon ; 

Captain, Sevenoaks & Bromley Battalion of 

Local Militia, April 27, 181 3 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 30, 1813 ; 
Lieutenant- Colonel Commandant, Sevenoaks & 

Bromley Battalion of Local Militia, July 

26, 1813 ; 

d. Feb. 14, 1 815. 



181 5. Charles Sackville-Germaine, cousin of George John Frederick : 

Duke of Dorset, Earl of Dorset & Middlesex, 
Viscount Sackville of Drayton, Baron Buckhurst 
of Buckhurst, Cranfield of Cranfield, & Baron 
of Bolebroke. 

B. Aug. 27, 1767 ; 

st. Hon. Charles S. Germaine, i 782-1 7S5 ; 

educ. Westminster; 

succ. as 2nd Viscount Sackville, Aug. 26, 1785; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Northampton, Aug. 23, 

1792 ; 
Receiver General of Jamaica; 
succ. as 5th Duke of Dorset, Feb. 14, 1815 ; 
Bearer of the Sword of State, Coron. of King 

George IV., July 19, 1821 ; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 10, 1821 ; 
Master of the Horse, Dec. 11, 1821-May 4, 

1827 ; 
K.G., Jan. 20, 1826 ; 
Master of the Horse, Jan. i-April 25, 1835 ; 

d. July 29, 1843. 



+ 



+ 



Dukes. 



DOVER. 



Earls 
Pa ron. 



CAREY. 

1628. Henry Carey, son of John, Lord Hunsdon : Earl of Dover, Viscount 

Rochfonl, & Baron of Hunsdon. 

B. about 1588; 

Knight of the Bath, June 3, 1610 ; 

succ. as 4th Baron of Hunsdon, April 17, 

1617; 
cr. Viscount Rochford, July 6, 1621 ; 
took his seat, Nov. 20, 1621 ; 
cr. Earl of Dover, March 8, 1628 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Hertford, Essex, 

Kent, Middlesex, & Sussex ; 
Speaker of the House of Lords, March 14, 

1641 ; 
Volunteer in the King's Body Guard, 1642 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Oxford Scholars, (Royal 

Army), April 15, 1 644-1646 ; 

m. (1) Judith, d. of Sir Thomas Pclham, Bart., 

of Laugh to /i ; 
m. (2) Mary, d. of Cockayne, July 6, 1630 ; 

d. about April 1, 1666. 



Journ. iii. 
162. 



Journ. iv. 
643- 



cf&J 





VOL. I. 



4 M 



634 



DOVER. 



1666. John Carey, son of Henry : Earl of Dover, Viscount Rochford, & 

Baron of Hunsdon. 

B. 1608 ; 

Knight of the Bath, Feb. 1, 1626 ; 

st. Viscount Rochford, 1 628-1 666 ; 

suram, to Parlt. as Baron Hunsdon, Nov., 

1640 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, (Parliamentary 

Army), 1642 ; 
Speaker of the House of Lords, (Westminster), 

Aug. 1-5, 1647 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Dover, about April 1, 

1666; 
Keeper of a Walk in Sherwood Forest ; 

m. (1) Lady Dorothy St. ffihn, d. of Oliver, 1st 
Earl of Bolingbroke ; 

m. (2) Abigail, d. of Sir William Cokaync, Knt., 
Alderman of London, Dec. 2, 1630 ; 

d. May 10, 1677. 



Arms— Argent, on a bend sable 3 roses of the field. 

Crests— 1. On a wreath, a swan rising, the dexter wing depressed, argent, beaked 
gules. 
2. On a wreath, a horse's head couped, armed in 4 pieces argent & sable, 
bridled or. 
Supporters— Dexter, a ram argent, spotted gules & azure, armed & ducally 
gorged, with chain, or ; Sinister, a griffin argent, collared & chained or. 

Motto — Comme je trouve. 



+ + + 



JERMYN. 

1685. Henry Jermyn, 2nd son of Thomas Jermyn, Esq. : Baron Dover of 

Dover, & Jermyn of St. Edmundsbury. 

B. 1636 ; 

st. Henry Jermyn, Esq., [i66o]-i685 ; 
Master of the Horse to the Duke of York, 
1660-1675 ; 



Earl. 



Walker, 14. 



Ibid. 



DOVER. 



635 



' II etoit petit, il avoit la tete 
grosse & les jambes menues : 
son visage n'etoif pas des- 
agreable, mais il avoit de 
I'affectation dans le port & 
dans les manieres.' — Ant. 
Hamilton, Mem. de Gram- 
mont, I., p. 146. 



Arms— Sable, a crescent be- 
tween 2 mullets in pale 
argent. 

Crest — A talbot passant 
argent, ducally gorged or. 

Motto — Nec ab oriente 
nec ab occidente. 



+ 



Captain, ' Duke of Richmond's ' Regt. of Horse, 

July 2, 1666 ; 
Groom of the Bedchamber to the Duke of 

York; 
cr. Baron Dover of Dover, May 13, 1685 ; 
Captain of a Troop of Horse, June 20, 16S5 ; 
Colonel of a Regt. of Horse, July 26. 1685 ; 
Captain & Colonel, 4th Troop of Horse Guards, 

May 22, 1686-Dec, 1688 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 17, 1686 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Cambridge, Sept. 18, 

1686-Dec. 23, 16S8 ; 
a Lord of the Treasury, Jan. 4, 1687-Dec. 23, 

1688 ; 
Lieutenant General in the Army ; 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James 

II. ; 
Acting Lord Chamberlain of the Household, 

Aug. -Sept., 1687; 
High Steward of Hull, 168 7- 1689 ; 
High Steward of Cambridge, July 19, 16S8 ; 
Captain & Colonel, Troop of Irish Horse 

Guards, 16S9-1690 ; 
Joint Vice Treasurer of Ireland, July 6, 16S9- 

June, 1690 ; 
cr. Baron Jermyn of Royston & of Ipswich, 

Viscount of Cheveley, & Earl of Dover, 

(by King James IL), July 9, 1689; 
Envoy Extraordinary to Paris, July 16, 1689 ; 
succ. as 3rd Baron Jermyn of St. Edmundsbury, 

April r, 1703 ; 

m. Jane, d. of Sir Edward Foley, Knt., of Badley, 

co. Suffolk ; 

d. April 6, 1708. 



+ 



Baron. 
Ent. Bk. 20. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 1. 

Ibid. 



P. C. Reg. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 1. 



4 M 2 



Lascelles, ii. 

47- 



6 3 6 



DOVER. 



DOUGLAS. 

1708. James Douglas, son of William, 1st Duke of Queensberry : Duke of 

Dover & Queensberry, Marquis of Beverley & 
Queensberry, Earl of Queensberry, Drumlangrig, 
& Sanquair, Viscount Drumlangrig, Nith, Trot- 
herwald, & Ross, Baron of Ripon, Douglas of 
Hawick, Tibbers, Kinmount, Middlebie, & 
Dornoch. 

B. Dec. 18, 1662 ; 

st. Lord Drumlangrig, 1671-16S2; 

educ. University of Glasgow ; 

Captain, Nithsdale & Annandale Troop of 
Militia Horse, Oct. 14, 1681 ; 

st. Earl of Drumlangrig, 1 682-1 696 ; 

Captain, Dumfriesshire Troop of Militia Horse, 
June 20, 1682-June, 1684; 

Privy Councillor, of Scotland, June 13, 16S4- 
168S; 

Lieut. -Colonel, 'King's' Regt. of (Scots) Horse, 
June 16, 1684 ; 

Joint Lieutenant, Shires of Wigton & Dumfries, 
& Stewardries of Annandale & Kircud- 
bright, June 18, 1685 ; 

a Lord of the Exchequer of Scotland, 1 689 ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King William 
III., Aug. 6, 1689-1702 ; 

Captain and Colonel, Troop of Scots Horse 
Guards, Dec. 18, 1689-May 25, 1696 ; 

a Lord of the Treasury of Scotland, March 3, 
1692 ; 

Acting Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, (du- 
ring Parliament), 1693 ; 

an Auditor of the Treasury of Scotland, Jan. 
3i, 1694; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Queensberry, March 28, 
1696 ; 

Extra Ordinary Lord of Session, May 4, 1696; 

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal for Scotland, 
May 25, 1696-May 5, 1702 ; 



1705. — 'Hath a genteel ad- 
dress, much the manner of 
a man of quality. . . . thin, 
of a black complexion.' — 
J. Macky, p. 180. 



Dl.'KE. 



Warr. Bk. 
Scotl. 6. 



W. Bk. 7. 



W. Bk. 10 



Gaz. 



W. Bk. 14. 



W. Bk. 15. 



DO VER. 



637 



' He was well bred, & had so 
courteous a behaviour, that 
what by this & the occasion 
of doing acts of kindness. . . 
he engaged the favour & 
friendship of very many of 
all ranks of people.' — G. 
Lockhart, Mem., p. 10. 



Lord High Commissioner to the Park, of Scot- 
land, April 25, 1700 ; 

K.G., June 14, 1701 ; 

Secretary of State for Scotland, May 5, 1702 ; 

Lord High Commissioner to the Parlt. of Scot- 
land, May 5, 1702 ; 

Lord High Commissioner to the Parlt. of Scot- 
land, March 4, 1703 ; 

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal for Scotland, 
June 18, 1705 ; 

Privy Councillor, of Scotland, June 18, 1705 ; 

a Lord of the Treasury of Scotland, June 18, 

1705 ; 

a Commissioner for the Union with England, 
Feb. 27, 1706 ; 

Lord High Commissioner to the Parlt. of Scot- 
land, May 6, 1706 ; 

Privy Councillor, May 30, 1707 ; 

cr. Baron of Ripon, Marquis of Beverley, & 
Duke of Dover, May 26, 1708 ; 

Secretary of State, Feb. 11, 1709; 

;;/. Mary Boyle, 2nd d. of Charles, Lord Clifford 
of Lanesborough, Dec. 1, 1685 ; 

d. July 6, 171 1. 



Dikes. 



Gaz. 



Warr. Bk. 
20. 




171:1. Charles Douglas, 2nd son of James : Duke of Dover & Queens- 
berry, Marquis of Beverley, Queensberry, Drum- 
langrig & Dumfriesshire, Earl of Queensberry, 
Drumlangrig, Sanquair, & Solway, Viscount 
Drumlangrig, Tibbers, Nith, Trotherwald, & 
Ross, Baron of Ripon, Douglas of Hawick, 
Tibbers, Kinmount, Middlebie, Dornoch, Dung- 



6 3 8 



DOVER. 



las of Lockerby, Dalveen, & Thornhill. 

B. Nov. 24, 1698 ; 

st. Lord Charles Douglas, 1 698-1 707 ; 

cr. Lord Douglas of Lockerby, Dalveen, & 

Thornhill, Viscount of Tibbers, & Earl of 

Solway, June 17, 1707; 
st. Marquis of Beverley, 1708-17 n ; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Dover & Queensberry, 

July 6, 1 7 1 1 ; 
st. Duke of Queensberry & Dover ; 
Heretable Sheriff Principal of Dumfriesshire, 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George I., 

June 13, 1720 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 6, 1720 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Dumfries & Kircud- 
bright, Feb. 4, 1 72 1 ; 
Lord Vice Admiral of Scotland, May 16, 1722 

-Feb. 5, 1730; 
Privy Councillor, May 31, 1726 ; 
a Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 

George II., Aug. 12, 1727 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince 

of Wales, April, 1748-March, 1751 ; 
Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland, June, 

1761-April 5, 1763; 
Lord Justice General of Scotland, April 15. 

1763; 
///. Lady Catherine Hyde, 2nd d. of Henry, Earl 
of Rochester, March 10, 1720; 

d. Oct. 22, 1778. 



Duke. 



Appmt. Bk. 
261. 



Gaz. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., Argent, a heart gules, crowned with an imperial crown 
or, on a chief azure 3 mullets of the field, (DOUGLAS) ; II. & III., Azure, a 
bend between 6 cross-crosslets fitche or, (Earldom of Mar) ; the whole within a 
bordure or, charged with a double tressure fleury & counter-fieury of the second. 

Crest— On a wreath, a heart winged gules, crowned with an imperial crown or. 
Supporters — Two Tegasi argent, with wings expanded & inverted, crests, tails, & 

hoofs, all or. 
Motto — Forward. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



DUCIE. 



639 



DUCIE. 



MORETON. 

1720. Matthew Ducie Moreton, son of Edward Moreton, Esq.: Baron 

Ducie of Moreton. 

B. before 1680 ; 

st. Matthew Ducie Moreton, Esq., [1703]- 

1720 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, May 31, 

i7 3; 
M.P., co. Gloucester, 1708; 1710-1713; & 

1715-1720 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Gloucester, May 30, 
1712 • 

Vice Treasurer & Paymaster General of Ire- 
land, April 16, 1 717 ; 

Joint Vice Treasurer & Paymaster General of 
Ireland, May 15, 1717 ; 

cr. Baron Ducie of Moreton, June 9, 1720; 

;//. Arabella, d. 6° CO.- h. of Sir Thomas Prcst- 
wich, Bart. ; 

d. May 2, 1735. 



1735. Matthew Ducie Moreton II., son of Matthew I. : Baron Ducie of 

Moreton, & Tortworth. 

B. before 1 700 ; 

st Hon. Matthew Ducie Moreton, 1720- 

1735 ; 

M.P., Cricklade, 1721-1722} 
M.P., Calne, 1723-1727 ; 
M.P., Tregony, 1727 1734 ; 



Barons, 
Earls. 



Lasc. ii. 47. 



640 



DUCIE. 



succ. as 2nd Baron Ducie of Moreton, May 

2, 1735 5 
Joint Principal Surveyor of the Customs in the 

Port of London, Feb. 13, 1742-Jan. 13, 

1753; 
Vice Admiral, co. Gloucester, Feb. 13, 1755- 

Nov. 1758; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Gloucester, Feb. 14, 1755-Nov. 1758 ; 
Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, & Warden of 

the Forest of Dean, Feb. 14, 1755-Nov. 

1758 ; 
cr. Baron Ducie of Tortworth, April 27, 

1763; 

d. Dec. 25, 1770. 

Arms — Quarterly. I., Argent, a chevron gules between 3 square buckles sable, 
(Moreton); II., Or, 2 lions passant gardant gules, (Ducie); III., Or, a 
fess vaire, between 3 cinquefoils gules. (Ducie); IV., Argent, on a bend en- 
grailed gules, a leopard's face between 2 crescents of the field, on a chief 
azure, 3 Catherine-wheels of the first, (Hardy). 

See p. 643. 



RE YNOLDS-MORETON. 

1770. Thomas Reynolds-Moreton, nephew of Matthew II. : Baron Ducie 

of Tortworth. 

B. Oct. 26, 1733 ; 

st. Thomas Reynolds, Esq., 1 750-1 770 ; 
Cornet, 10th Regt. of Dragoons, Sept. 15, 1750 ; 
Lieutenant, do., Jan. 5, 1754; 

Captain, 3rd Regt. of Dragoon Guards, Nov. 

12, 1755; 
Captain & Lieut. -Colonel, Coldstream Regt. of 

Foot Guards. Aug. 25, 1 762-1 771 ; 
succ. as 2nd Baron Ducie of Tortworth, 

Dec. 25, 1770 ; 
took the name of Moreton, 1771 ; 

;//. Margaret, d. of Sir John Ramsden, Bart., 

Feb. 20, 1774 ; 

d. Sept. 11, 1785. 



Barons. 



DUCIE. 



641 



1785. Francis Reynolds- Moreton, brother of Thomas : Baron Uucie of 

TORTWORTH. 

B. March 28, 1739; 

st. Francis Reynolds, Esq., 1 757-1 785 ; 

Midshipman, R.N. ; 

Lieutenant, April 28, 1758 ; 

Commander, Nov. 21, 1760 ; 

Provost Marshal of Barbadoes, March 16, 

1761-1808 ; 
Post Captain, April 12, 1762; 
M.P., Lancaster, 1 784-1 785 ; 
succ. as 3rd Baron Ducie of Tortworth, 

Sept. n, 1785 ; 
took the name of Moreton, 1786 ; 
Captain, Gloucestershire Regt. of Volunteers, 

Aug. 22, 1803 ; 
Clerk of the Crown in co. Palatine of Lancas • 

ter ; 

m. (1) Mary, d. of Thomas Purvis, Esq., Oct. 

10, 1774; 
m. (2) Sarah {Mrs. Child), d. of Paul Joddrrfl, 

Esq., Jan. 18, 1 791 ; 

d. Aug. 20, 1808. 



Baron, 
Earl. 



180S. Thomas Reynolds-Moreton, son of Francis (1) : Earl of Ducie, 

Baron Ducie of Tortworth & Moreton of Tort- 
worth. 

B.Aug. 31, 1776 ; 

st. Hon Thomas Moreton, 1 785-1808; 

educ. Exeter Coll. Oxford ; 

Captain, Gloucestershire Regt. of Militia, March 
20, 1794; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, June 28, 1797 : 

succ. as 4th Baron Ducie of Tortworth, 
Aug. 20, 1808 ; 

Lieut-Colonel Commandant, West Gloucester- 
shire Battalion of Local Militia, April 4, 
1809 ; 

vol. 1. 4 ^' 



642 



DUCIE. 



ex. Baron Moreton of Tortworth, & Earl of 

Ducie, Jan. 28, 1837 ; 
F.R.S. ; & F.A.S. ; 

m. Lady Frances Herbert, d. of Henry, 1st Earl 
of Carnarvon, Dec. 5, 1797 ; 

d. June 22, 1840. 



Earls 




1840. Henry George Francis Reynolds- Moreton, son of Thomas : Earl 

of Ducie, Baron Ducie of Tortworth & Moreton 
of Tortworth. 

B. May 8, 1802 ; 

st. Hon. Henry G. F. Moreton, 1808- 183 7; 
M.P., West Gloucestershire, 1832-1835 ; 
st. Lord Moreton, 1837-1840 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Ducie, June 22, 1840 ; 
Lord in Waiting to the Queen, July 24, 1846- 
Feb., 1852 ; 

;;/. Hon. Elizabeth Button, eldest d. of John, 
2nd Lord Sherborne, June 29, 1826 ; 

d. June 2, 1853. 



1853. Henry John Reynolds-Moreton, son of Henry George Francis: 

Earl of Ducie, Baron Ducie of Tortworth & 
Moreton of Tortworth. 

B. Aug. 10, 1827 ; 

st. Lord Moreton, 1 840-1 853; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Gloucester, March 25, 

1851 ; 

M.P., Stroud, 1852-1853 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Ducie, June 2, 1853 ; 



Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorura, co. 

Gloucester, (swn.) Nov. 4, 1857 ; 
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, June 28, 

1859-July 10, 1866 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 6, 1859 ; 
Hon. Colonel, Gloucestershire Batts. of Rifle 

Volunteers, June 16, 1868; 
a Trustee of the Hunterian Museum ; 

m. yu/ia, only d. 6° //. of James Haughlon 
Langston, Esq., May 24, 1849. 



1 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., Argent, a chevron gules between 3 square buckles 
sable, (Moreton) ; II. & III., Or, 2 lions passant gardant gules, (Reynolds). 

Crest — A moor-cock's head or, between 2 wings displayed azure. 

Supporters— Two unicorns argent, armed, unguled, maned, & tufted gold, each 
gorged with a ducal coronet per pale or & gules. 

Motto— Perseverando. 



4 n 2 



Earl. 



644 



DUDLEY. 







DUDLEY. 


Viscounts, 
Eaki.s. 


WARD. 




1763. John Ward, great-grandson of Humble, 1st Lord Ward: Viscount 




Dudley & Ward of Dudley, & Baron Ward of 




Birmingham. 




B. before 1707 ; 




st. John Ward, Esq., [i727]-i74o ; 




M.P., Newcastle-under-Lyne, 1727-1734; 




succ. as 6th Baron Ward of Birmingham, 




May 21, 1740 ; 




Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, July 7, 1757; 




cr. Viscount Dudley, & Ward of Dudley, 




April 2i, 1763 ; 




Recorder of Worcester ; 




in. (1) Anna Maria, d. of Charles Bonrehier, 




Esq., of Dublin ; 




m. (2) Mary, d. of John Carver, Esq., Jan. 1, 




1745; 




d. May 6, 1774. 




ARMS — Chequy or & azure, a bend ermine. 




Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a lion's head azure. 




Supporters— Two angels proper, habited azure, wings displayed & inverted or. 




Motto— Comme je fus. 





DUDLEY. 



645 



1774. John Ward II., son of John I. (1) : Viscount Dudley & Ward of 

Dudley, & Baron Ward of Birmingham. 

B. Feb. 22, 1725 ; 

st. Hon. John Ward, 1740-17 74 ; 

educ. Oriel Coll., Oxford; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Dec. 10, 1745; 

M.P., Marlborough, 175 4- 1761; 

M.P., co. Worcester, 1761 ; & 1768-1774; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 3, 1769 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, Dec. 8, 1769; 

succ. as 2nd Viscount Dudley & Ward, May 

6, 1774; 
Recorder of Kidderminster ; 

m. Mary (Fair), widow of Baker, July 

12, 1788 ; 




V[.;COfNTS, 

Earl. 



After J. S. Copley. 



d. Oct. 10, 1788. 



17SS. WilliaxM Ward, half-brother of John II. : Viscount Dudley & Ward 

of Dudley, & Baron Ward of Birmingham. 

B. Jan. 21, 1750 ; 

st. Hon. William Ward, 1 750-1 788 ; 
M.P., co. Worcester, 1780 ; & 1784-1788 ; 
succ. as 3rd Viscount Dudley & Ward, Oct. 

10, 1788 ; 
Recorder of Kidderminster, 1789 ; 

///. Julia, 2nd d. of Godfred Bosvile, Esq., 
Aug. 1, 1780 ; 

d. April 25, 1823. 



1823. John William Ward, son of William : Earl of Dudley of Castle 

Dudley, Viscount Dudley & Ward, & Ednam 
of Ednam, Baron Ward of Birmingham. 

B. Aug. 9, 178 1 ; 

st. Hon. John W. Ward, 1 788-1823 ; 

educ, Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 



6 4 6 



DUDLEY. 




After E. Berens : 1S00. 



B.A. of Oxford, June 16, 1802 ; 

M.P., Downton, 1802-1803 ; 

M.P., co. Worcester, 1 803-1 806 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, Oct. 1, 1803 ; 

Lieut.-Colonel, Dudley Battalion of Volunteers, 
Dec. 10, 1803 ; 

M.P., Petersfield, 1S06-1807 ; 

M.P., Wareham, 1807-1812 ; 

M.A. of Oxford, June 14, 1813 ; 

M.P., Bossiney, 1819 ; & 1820-1823 ; 

succ. as 4th Viscount Dudley & Ward, April 
25, l8 23 ; 

Recorder of Kidderminster ; 

Secretary of State for the Foreign Department, 
April 30, 1827-June 2, 1828 ; 

Privy Councillor, April 30, 1827; 

cr. Viscount Ednam of Ednam, & Earl of Dud- 
ley, Oct. 5, 1827 ; 

F.R.S. j 

d. March 6, 1833. 



Earls. 




+ 



1S60. William Ward, son of William Humble, Lord Ward : Earl of Dudley, 

Viscount Ednam of Ednam, & Baron Ward of 
Birmingham. 

B. March 27, 18 17 ; 

st. Hon. William Ward, 1833-1S35 ; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Oxford ; 



DUDLEY. 



647 



succ. as nth Baron Ward of Birmingham, 

Dec. 6, 1835 ; 
Lieutenant - Colonel - Commandant, ' Queen's 

Own ' Worcestershire Regt. of Yeomanry, 

March 10, 1854 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Stafford, July 18, 1 

1859 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Worcester, Aug. 5, 

l8 59; 
High Steward of Kidderminster ; 

cr. Viscount Ednam of Ednam, & Earl of Dud- 
ley, Feb. 17, i860; 

a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery, May 
11, 1863 ; 

Hon. Colonel, 'Queen's Own' Worcestershire 
Regt. of Yeomanry, June 15, 187 1 ; 

a Trustee of the National Gallery of Pictures, 
March, 1877 ; 

m. ( 1 ) Selina Constance, d. of Hubert de Burgh, 
Esq., April 24, 1851 ; (d. Nov. 14, 1851); 

171. (2) Georgina Elizabeth, yd d. of Sir Thomas 
Montcrieff, Bart., Nov. 21, 1865. 



Earl. 



648 



DUFFERIN. 



DUFFERIN. 



BLACKWOOD. 

1850. Frederick Temple Blackwood, son of Price, Lord Dufferin : Earl 

of Dufferin, Viscount Clandeboye, & Baron 
Clandeboye of Clandeboye ; Baron Dufferin & 
Clandeboye of Ballyleidy & Killyleagh, & a 
Baronet of Ireland. 

B. June 21, 1826 ; 

st. Hon. Frederick Blackwood, 1839-1841 ; 

succ. as 5th Baron Dufferin & Clandeboye, 
in Ireland, July 21, 1841 ; 

educ. Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 

Lord in Waiting to the Queen, June 26, 1849- 
Feb. 27, 1852 ; 

cr. Baron Clandeboye of Clandeboye, Jan. 
22, 1850; 

Lord in Waiting to the Queen, Nov. 28, 1854- 
March, 1858 ; 

British Commissioner, (on European Commis- 
sion), to Syria, July 30, 1860-June, 1861 ; 

K.C.B., June 18, 1861 ; 

K.P., Jan. 28, 1864 ; 

Lieutenant, & Custos Rotulorum, co. Down, 
Feb. 7, 1864 ; 

Under Secretary of State for India, Nov., 1864- 
Feb., 1866; 

Hon. Colonel, Royal North Down Regt. of 
Militia, Jan. 18, 1865 ; 

Under Secretary of State for the War Depart- 
ment, Feb. -June, 1866 ; 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Dec. 
12, 1868-June, 1872; 

Privy Councillor, Dec. 12, 1868; 

Paymaster-General, Dec. 28, 1868-Aug. 31, 1872; 



Earl. 



DUFFER IN. 



cr. Viscount Clandeboye of Clandeboye, & Earl 

of Dufferin, Nov. 13, 1871 ; 
Governor-General of the Dominion of Canada, & 

Governor & Commander-in-Chief of Prince 

Edward Island, June 3, 1872-Oct. 19, 
_ 1878; 
Knight Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. 

George, May 26, 1876 ; 
President of the Royal Geographical Society, 

May 27, 1878-Feb., 1879; 
cr. LL.D. of Havard, (U.S.), June, 1878 ; 
cr. LL.D. of Dublin, Jan. 21, 1879; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 

St. Petersburg, Feb. 8, 1879; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 18, 1879; 
Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary to 

Constantinople, May 26, 1881 ; 
Special Commissioner to Egypt, Nov. 2, 1882; 
G.C.B., June 15, 1883; 

7//. Harriot, eldest d. of Archibald Hamilton- 
Rowan, Esq., of Killyleagh Castle, co. 
Down, Oct. 23, 1862. 



649 



Earl. 



X 



Arms — Quarterly. I. & IV., Argent, a saltire sable, on a chief of the second 3 
holly-leaves of the first, (Blackwood) ; II., Azure, a fleur de lys between 2 
mullets in fess or, in chief 2 roses, & in base 3 arrows palewise, points down- 
wards, all argent, (Stevenson) ; III., Gules, 3 cinquefoils ermine, & on a 
chief or, a lion passant gardant of the first, (Hamilton of Clandeboye). 

Crest — Out of clouds proper, a sun in splendour or. 

SUPPORTERS — Dexter, a lion gules, gorged with a collar flory counterfloiy or. 
Sinister, an heraldic tiger ermine, collared as the dexter. 

Motto— Per vias rectas. 



vol. 1. 



40 




1828 




John George Lamp/ton, son of William Henry Lambton, Esq. : Earl I 

of Durham, Viscount Lambton, Baron Dur- 
ham of the City of Durham & of Lambton 
Castle. 

B. April 12, 1792 ; 

st. John George Lambton, Esq., 1809-1828 ; 

Cornet, 10th (' Prince of Wales's Own ') Regt. 

of Hussars, June 8, 1809; 
Lieutenant, do., May 3, iSio-Aug. 181 1 ; 
M.P., co. Durham, 1813 ; 1818 ; 1820; & 

1826-1828 • 
cr. Baron Durham of the City of Durham & 

of Lambton Castle, Jan. 29, 1828; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Nov. 22, 1S30 

-March 14, 1833 ; 
rrivy Councillor, Nov. 22, 1830 ; 
an Official Trustee of the British Museum, 

1830-1833; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Durham, Tune 4, 

1S31; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to St. Petersburg, 
July 3, 1832 j 

Ambassador Extraordinary to Berlin & Vienna, 
Sept. 14, 1832 ; 

cr. Viscount Lambton, & Earl of Durham, 
March 15, 1833 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary & Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to St. Petersburg, July 5, 1835— 

1837 ; 

G.C.B., June 27, 1837 ; 

Governor General, Vice Admiral, & Captain 

General of the British Provinces in Noith 

America, Jan. 16, 1S3S ; 



After Sir T. Lawrence. 



1S40. — 'Still young & hand- 
some.' — F. Guizot, An 
Embassy &=c, p. 51. 



DURHAM. 



651 



High Commissioner for Affairs of Lower & 
Upper Canada, Jan. 16, 1838 • 

;;/. (1) Miss Henrietta Cholmondeley, Jan. 1, 

1812 ; 
m. (2) Lady Louisa Elizabeth, eldest d. of Charles, 

2nd Earl Grey, Dec. 9, 18 16 ; 

d. July 28, 1840. 




1840 George Frederick D'Arcy Lambton, son of John George (2): Earl 

of Durham, Viscount Lambton, & Baron 
Durham of the City of Durham & of Lambton 
Castle. 

B. Sept. 5, 1828; 

st. Viscount Lambton, 1 833-1 840 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Durham, July 28, 1S40 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Durham, Oct. 9, 1850; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 
Durham, March 31, 1854; 

Captain Commandant, Wooler - in - Glendale 
Corps of Northumberland Rifle Volunteers, 
Feb. 25, 1S61 ; 

Hon. Colonel, 1st Batt. of Durham Rifle 
Volunteers, July 27, 1863; 

Major, Northumberland Batt. of Rifle Volun- 
teers, Oct. 14, 1863 ; 

Lieut. -Colonel, do., July it, 1874; 

m. Lady Beatrix Frances Hamilton, 2nd d. of 
James, 2nd Marquis {afterwards Duke) of 
Abercom, May 23, 1854; 

d. Nov. 27, 1879. 



Earls. 



4 2 



652 



DURHAM. 



1879. John George Lambton II., son of George Frederick D'Arcy : Karl 

of Durham, Viscount Lambton, & Baron 
Durham of the city of Durham, & of Lambton 
Castle. 

B. June 19, 1855; 

st. Viscount Lambton, 1855-1879; 

educ. Eton ; 

Sub- Lieutenant, Coldstream Regt. of Foot 

Guards, April 29, 1874; 
Lieutenant, do., April 29, 1876- 

1S79; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Durham, Nov. 27, 1879; 
Lieut.-Colonel, Ne\vcastle-on-Tyne Corps of 

Rifle Volunteers, June 30, 1881. 

m. Ethel Elizabeth Louisa, 2nd d. of Henry Beilby 
William Milner, Esq., Oct. 28, 1882. 



Earl. 



Arms — Quarterly of IV. I., Sable, a fess between 3 lambs passant argent, (Lamb- 
ton) ; II., Argent, a fess gules between 3 popinjays vert, collared gules, 
(Lumley) ; III., Argent, an escocheon sable, within an orle of 8 cinquefoils 
gules, (Hedworth) ; IV., Argent, 3 cinquefoils gules, (Darcy). 

Crest — A ram's head argent affronte, horns sable. 

Supporters — Two lions, the dexter gules, the sinister azure, each ducally gorged 
or, & supporting a flag-staff proper, & therefrom flowing a banner azure ; the 
dexter charged with a cross patonce, & the sinister with a lion passant gar- 
dant or. 

Motto— Le jour viendra. 



EDINBURGH. 



653 



EDINBURGH, 



Dukes. 



1726. Frederick Lewis, eldest son of George Augustus, Prince of Wales : 

Duke of Edinburgh, Marquis of the Isle of Ely, 
Earl of Eltham, Viscount of Launceston, & Baron 
of Snowdon ; Duke of Brunswick Lunenburg. 

B. Jan. 20, 1707 ; 

K.G., Dec. 24, 17 1 7 ; 

st. Dukeof Gloucester, 171 8- 1726; 

cr. Baron of Snowdon, Viscount of Launceston, 

Earl of Eltham, Marquis of the Isle of Ely, 

& Duke of Edinburgh, July 15, 1726 ; 
st. Duke of Cornwall & Edinburgh, 1727- 

1729; 
Chief Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital 

Nov. 26, 1727 ; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 28, 1728; 
cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, 

Jan. 9, 1729 • 

see title Cornwall. 



Arms -Quarterly. I., England impaling Scotland ; II., France ; III., Ire- 
land; IV., Gules, 2 lions passant gardant in pale or, (Brunswick) ; impaling. 
Or, semee of hearts proper, a lion rampant azure, (Lunenburg) ; having 
grafted in base, gules a horse courant argent, (Old Saxony) ; & over all, an 
escutcheon gules. Over the whole shield, a label argent, charged on the 
centre point with a plain cross gules. 

Crest— A lion statant, crowned with a prince's coronet, all or, & gorged with a 
label as in the arms. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion crowned & gorged as the crest ; Sinister, a unicorn 
argent, armed, crined, & gorged with a coronet & chain or. 

Motto — Ich dien. 



175 t. George William Frederick, son of Frederick Lewis : Duke of 

Edinburgh, Marquis of the Isle of Ely, Earl 
of Chester & Eltham, Viscount of Launceston, 
& Baron of Snowdon ; Prince of Wales ; Prince 
of Great Britain, & Electoral Prince of Bruns- 
wick-Lunenburg. 

B. May 24, 1738; 

st. Prince George, 1738-1751 ; 

K.G., June 22, 1749; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Edinburgh, March 20, 

I75M 
cr. Earl of Chester, & Prince of Wales, April 

20, 1751; 

High Steward of Exeter, July 10, 1751 ; 

President of St. George's Hospital ; 

Governor of the British Herring Fishery, Dec. 3, 

1753 5 
succ. to the Crown, as King George III., 

Oct. 25, 1760; 



Dukes. 




After R. Wilson : (1751). 



1751. — ' Has a most amiable 
countenance.' — Horace 
Walpole, Letters, 1 1. , p. 248. 



1754. — 'First for the Prince 
of Wales, who looked as 
blooming as his clothes — a 
blossom-coloured velvet with 
gold, & gold lace down 
before ; the waistcoat & cuffs 
a rich white & gold stuff.' 
Malmesbury Letters, I., p. 79. 



+ 




Arms, 1738-1751— As on p. 653. 

1 75 1 -1 760 — The same, without the cross 
on the label. 



+ 



1764. William Henry, brother of King George III. : Duke of Glou- 
cester & Edinburgh. 

B. Nov. 14, 1743; 

cr. Duke of Gloucester & Edinburgh, Nov. 
19, 1764; 

see title Gloucester. 



EDINBURGH. 



655 



1805. William Frederick, son of William Henry : Duke of Gloucester 

& Edinburgh. 

B.Jan. 15, 1776; 

succ. as 2nd Duke of Gloucester & Edin- 
burgh, Aug. 25, 1805; 

d. Nov. 30, 1834. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



1 866. 



Alfred Ernest Albert, 2nd son of Queen Victoria : Duke of 

Edinburgh, Earl of Ulster & Kent ; Prince of 
the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxony, Prince 
of Coburg & Gotha. 

B. Aug. 6, 1844; 

st. Prince Alfred, 1844-1866 ; 

Naval Cadet, Nov., 1858; 

Knight Grand Cross of the Tower & Sword, of 

Portugal, March, 1859; 
Lieutenant, R.N., Feb. 24, 1863; 
K.G., June 10, 1863 ; 
Knight of the Black Eagle, of Prussia, May, 

1S64; 
K.T., Oct. 15, 1864; 
Post Captain, Feb. 23, 1866; 
Master of the Trinity House, March 21, 1866; 
Privy Councillor, May 9, 1866 ; 
cr. Earl of Ulster, Earl of Kent, & Duke of 

Edinburgh, May 24, 1866 ; 
Colonel, Tst London Corps of Artillery Volun- 
teers, July 22, 1 868 ; 
Knight Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. 

George, July 2, 1S69 ; 
Extra Grand Commander of the Star of India, 

Feb. 7, 1870; 
Chief of the 2nd Crew, Russian Fleet of the 

Black Sea, Jan., 1874; 
Colonel, (a la suite), 6th Regt. of Thuringia, 

No. 95, (Prussian Army) ; 



Dukes. 



6 5 6 



EDINBURGH. 



Hon. Colonel, Edinburgh Corps of Artillery 
Militia, June 24, 1874 ; 

Personal Naval Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, 
May 26, 1876 ; 

Rear Admiral in the Fleet, Dec. 30, 1878; 

Admiral Superintendant of Naval Reserves, 
Nov. 21, 1879-Nov. 25, 1882; 

K.P., May 14, 1880; 

Vice Admiral in the Fleet, Nov. 30, 1882; 

Hon. Colonel of the Royal Marines, Dec. 9, 
1882; 

Knight of the Red Eagle, of Prussia, (inst.) 
Jan. 18, 1883; 

Knight of St. John of Jerusalem, (of Branden- 
burg), June 26, 1883 ; 

m. the Grand-Duchess Marie Alexandrovna, only 
d. of Alexander II. , Emperor of Russia, 
Jan. 23, 1874. 



TjUiCK. 



Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV., England; II., Scotland; III., Ireland; in the 
centre, an escutcheon barry of 10, or & sable, a crown of rue in bend vert, 
(Saxony) ; over all a label argent, the dexter & sinister points charged with 
an anchor, & the centre, with a Greek cross, all gules. 

Crest — On a coronet composed of crosses patee & fleurs de lys, a lion statant 
gardant, crowned with a like coronet or, & charged on the breast with a label 
as the shield. 

Supporters— Dexter, a lion crowned or ; Sinister, a unicorn argent, armed, 
maned, crined, & unguled or, gorged with a collar & chain reilexed of the 
last ; both charged on the breast with a label as above. 



EFFINGHAM. 



657 




EFFINGHAM. 



HOWARD. 

1553. William Howard, 7th son of Thomas, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (2): 

Baron Howard of Effingham. 

B. about 15 1 2 ; 

st. Lord William Howard, 1524-1554; 

Deputy Earl Marshal of England for Coron. of 
Queen Anne Boleyne, June 1, 1533 ; 

Ambassador to Scotland, 1534 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary (with the Garter,) 
to King James V. of Scotland, Jan., 1535 ; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to Scotland, March- 
May 17, 1536; 

Ambassador Extraordinary to France, Oct.. 

1537 ; 
Privy Councillor, [Jan. 18, 1541] ; 

Ambassador to France, Jan. i8-Dec. 7, 1541; 

Commander of a Naval Squadron, (North Sea,) 

[March], 1543; 
Captain, Army in the North, April-May, 1544; 
Lord Deputy of the Town & Marches of Calais, 

Oct. 30, 1552-March, 1554; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 3, 1554; 
Joint Captain-General & Lieutenant of the City 

of London, Feb. 3, 1554 ; 
cr. Baron Howard of Effingham, March 15, 

1554; 
Great Admiral of England & Wales, Ireland, 

Gascony, & Aquitaine, March 20, 1554- 

Feb. 10, 1558; 
Lieutenant & Captain-General of all the Sea & 

Land Forces, April 8, 1554; 
K.G., Oct. 9, 1554; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Feb., 

i55 8 -J ul y r 3> !572; 

VOL. I. 4 P 



Barons, 
Earls. 



After L. de Heere. 



Wnoth. i. 
21. 

P. S P. v. 1. 

Ibid. 19. 

Ibid. 38. 
P. S. P. viii. 



Ibid. 511. 

P. S. P. v. 
367. n. 



Pat. 6, m. 



Wrioth. ii. 
109. 



Pat. 5. 



Pat. 10. 



6 5 8 



EFFINGHAM. 



Mottoes — i. Deseir n'a 
repos. 
2. foy pour de- 
VOIR. 



Privy Councillor, Nov. 20, 1558; 

Joint Commissioner to treat at Cercamp, Dec. 

14, i55 8 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Surrey, & Borough of 

South wark, May 1, 1559 ; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to France, May 6, 

r 559 ; 

High Steward of the Honour of Hampton 
Court, Keeper of Hampton Court House 
& Parks, & Bailiff & Collector of the 
Manor of Toddington, Nov. 4, 1559; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Surrey, [Feb. 11, 1561] ; 

cr. M.A. of Cambridge, Aug. 10, 1564; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Sept. 6, 1566; 

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, July 15, 1572 ; 

vi. (1) Catherine d. &* co-h. of Sir John 
Broughton, Knt. ; (d. April 23, 1535) ; 

m. (2) Margaret^ d. of Sir Thomas Gamage, 
Knt. ; 

d. Jan. 2, 1573. 




1573. Charles Howard, son of William I. (2): Baron Howard of Effing- 
ham. 

B. 1536; 

Volunteer with the Imperial Army, (Lorraine), 

i55 2 -i5S3; 
st. Charles Howard, Esq., 15 54- 15 70 ; 

Envoy Extraordinary to Paris, June 8, 1559 ; 

M.P., co. Surrey, 1563— 1567 ; 

General of the Horse in the North, Nov. -Dec. 

i5 6 9 ; 



Barons. 



Cecil, 747. 



Dom. xii. 7. 



Cecil, 748. 



S. B. 



Cecil, 773. 



T. Rosa, 
196 



Cecil, 749. 
Willis, iii. 
75- 

Dom. lix.68. 



EFFINGHAM. 



6 59 



' Summis animi & corporis 
dotibus adornatus.' — Fras. 
Thynne, MS. Ashmole, 
856, 14. 



Commander of a Naval Squadron, April [29], 

Knight, before Aug. 30, 157 1 ; 

cr, M.A. of Cambridge, Aug. 30, 157 1 ; 

M.P., co. Surrey, 1 57 2-1 5 73 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Howard of Effingham, 

Jan. 2, 1573 ; 
Custos Rotuloruni, co. Surrey ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Surrey, & Borough of 

Southwark ; 
K.C., April 23, 1575 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Surrey & Middlesex ; 
Acting Lord High Admiral of England, [Nov. 1], 

1581; 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household, before 

March 5, 1584; 
Privy Councillor, [Aug. 17, 1584]; 
High Steward of Kingston on Thames, [1584I; 
Lord Lieutenant, cos. Sussex & Surrey, & City 

of Chichester, Jan. 3, 1585; 
Lord High Admiral of England, July 4, 1585 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Devon, Dec. 31, 1585; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Cornwall, Dec. 31, 1585; ! 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Sept. 2, 1587; 
Lieutenant General & Commander in Chief of 

the Navy & Army at Sea, Dec. 21, 1587 ; 
Constable of Windsor Castle, & Keeper & 

Lieutenant of the Forest, Parks, & Warrens, 

Dec. 5, 1588; 
High Steward of Windsor, Jan. 15, 1593 ; 
Earl Marshal of England, [Feb. 19, 1593]; 
Steward of the Royal Manors within Hampton 

Court Chace, & Keeper of the Chace, 

March 24, 1593 ; 
Joint General of the Forces sent against Cadiz, 

May-Aug. 8, 1596; 
cr. Earl of Nottingham, Oct. 22, 1596 ; 

m. Catherine Carey, eldest d. of Henry, \st 
Lord Hnnsdon, July, 1563; 



Baron. 

Dom. lxxiii. 

C. H. C. ii. 

2 7 S. 

Willis, iii. 
95- 



Dom. exxi. 



see title Nottingham. 



4?2 



Dom. clxix. 



MS. Harl. 
703. 
Fat 
Dom. 
clxxxv. 36. 

Pat. 17. 

Dom. ccvi. 
41. 



Pat. i. 
MS. Ashm. 
863. 

Lds. Journ. 
ii. 168. 



Pat. 10. 



66o 



EFFINGHAM. 



1596. William Howard II., son of Charles (1) : Baron Howard of 

Effingham. 

B. before 1565 ; 

st. William Howard, Esq., [1585]; 

Knight, (at Cadiz), June 27, 1596 ; 

M.P., co. Surrey, 1597— 1598 ; & 1601 ; 

summ. to Park, as Baron Howard of Effing- 
ham, March 19, 1604; 

High Steward of the Honour of Hampton 
Court, & Keeper of the Parks, (reversion) 
March 20, 1604; 

Lord Attendant on the Ambassador to Spain, 
March 28-June 29, 1605 ; 

cr. M.A. of Oxford, Aug. 30, 1605 ; 

m. Anne, d. &■> h. of John, Lord St. John of 
Bid so ; 

d. Dec. 11, 1 615. 



1615. Charles Howard II., brother of William II.: Baron Howard of 

Effingham. 

B. about 1570 ; 

st. Charles Howard, Esq., 1590-1615; 

M. P. , Bletchingley, 1597-1598; 

Keeper of Windsor Great Park, Oct. 22, 1600- 

Nov. 11, 1616 ; 
M.P., co. Sussex, 1601 ; & 1604-1611 ; 
st. Lord Howard of Effingham, 1615-1624 ; 
Joint Lord Lieutenant, co. Surrey, July 27, 

1621 ; 
Knight, (by King James I.), April 29, 1623 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Nottingham, Dec. 14, 

1624 ; 

m. ( 1 ) Charity ( White), widow of William 
Leche, Esq., May 19, 1597 ; 

;/;. (2) Mary, d. of Sir William Courten, Knt., 
April, 1620 ; 



Barons. 



Pat. 15. 



P. S. 



Pat. 13. 

MS. Woo I, 
B. g. 



see title Nottingham. 



EFFINGHAM. 



66 1 



1642. Charles Howard III., half-brother of Charles II. : Earl of 

Nottingham, &: Baron Howard of Effingham. 

B. about 1604 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Nottingham, Oct. 3, 
1642 ; 

d. April 26, 1 68 1 ; 

see title Nottingham. 



1 681. Francis Howard I., cousin of Charles III. : Baron Howard of 

Effingham. 

B. before 1654 ; 

succ. as 6th Baron Howard of Effingham, 

April 26, 1681 ; 
Governor & Captain - General of Virginia, 

Sept. 28, 1683 j 

m. (1) Philadelphia, d. of Sir Thomas Felham, 

Bart. ; 
m. (2) Susan (Mrs. Herbert), d. of Sir Henry 

Felton, Bart. ; 

d. March 30, 1696. 



1696. Thomas Howard I., son of Francis I. (1): Baron Howard of Ef- 
fingham. 

B. about 1680 ; 

st. Hon. Thomas Howard, Esq., 1681-1696; 

succ. as 7th Baron Howard of Effingham, 

March 30, 1696 ; 
Guidon, 1st Troop of Horse Guards, Jan., 

1 1°6 ') Luttrell, vi. 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Prince George 

of Denmark, May, 1706-Oct, 1708; ibid, p. 53. 

vi. (1) Mary Wentworth, grand-niece of Thomas, \ 
Earl of Strafford, Feb. 11, 1707; 

m. (2) Elizabeth, Dowager- Lady Napier, d. of 
JoJin Rotheram, Esq. of Much- Waltham, 
co. Essex ; 

d. July 10, 1725. 



1 704. — 'Avery pretty, modest, 
young gentleman.' — J. 
Macky, p. 105. 



1725. Francis Howard II. , brother of Thomas I. : Earl of Effingham, & 

Baron Howard of Effingham. 

B. after 16S1 ; 

st. Hon. Francis Howard, Esq., [1696]-! 725; 

Captain, & Lieut-Colonel, 3rd Regt. of Foot 

Guards, July 26, 1722; 
succ. as 8th Baron Howard of Effingham, 

July 10, 1725 ; 
Lieutenant, & Lieut - Colonel, 1st Troop of 

Horse Grenadier Guards, July 15, 1731 ; 
cr. Earl of Effingham, Dec. 8, 1731 ; 
Deputy Earl Marshal of England, Dec. 13, 

I73 1 ; 
Colonel, (20th) Regt. of Foot, July 22, 1732 ; 

Captain & Colonel, 2nd Troop of Horse Grena- 
dier Guards, June 21, 1737 ; 

Colonel of Horse, June 21, 1737 ; 

Brigadier-General, July 2, 1739; 

Captain & Colonel, 4th Troop of Horse Guards, 
Dec. 22, 1740 : 

vi. (1) Digna, d. of Major-Genera! O'Farrel; 

7U. (2) Anne, sister of Robert Bristow, Esq., 

July, 1728; 

d. Feb. 12, 1743. 



1743. Thomas Howard II., son of Francis II. (1) : Earl of Effingham, & 

Baron Howard of Effingham. 

B. about 1 7 14; 

st. Lord Howard, i73 I - I 743 5 

Deputy Lieutenant, West Riding, co. York, 

Feb. 19, 1734 5 
Guidon, 2nd Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards, 

Jan. 7, 1739 ; 
First Lieutenant, & Captain, 2nd Troop of 

Horse Grenadier Guards, May 10, 1740 ; 
succ, as 2nd Earl of Effingham, Feb. 12, 1743 ; 
First Lieutenant, & Lieut-Colonel, 2nd Troop of 

Horse Guards, April n, 1743 ; 
Deputy Earl Marshal of England, April 16, 

1743; 



Eakls. 



Mil. Die. 11. 



Mil. Bk. 16. 



Warr. Bk. 
18. 



Comm. Bk. 



Mil. Bk. 16 



Ibid. 



Warr. Bk. 

23- 



EFFINGHAM. 



663 



Aide-de-Camp to die King, (George II.), Aug. 
20, 1749 ; 

Colonel, 34th Regt. of Foot, Dec. 2, 1754; 

Major-General, Jan. 15, 1758; 

Lieutenant-General, Feb. 22, 1760; 

Captain & Colonel, 1st Troop of Horse Grena- 
dier Guards, Oct. 30, 1760 ; 

w. Elizabeth, d. of Peter Beckford, Esq., of 
Jamaica, Feb. 14, 1745 ; 

d. Nov. 19, 1763. 



1763. Thomas Howard III., son of Thomas II. : Earl of Effingham, & 

Baron Howard of Effingham. 

B. Jan. 13, 1747 ; 

st. Lord Howard, 1 747-1 763 ; 

Ensign, 2nd ('Coldstream') Regt. of Foot 

Guards, Feb. 20, 1762 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Effingham, Nov. 19, 

1763; 
Lieutenant & Captain, 1st Regt. of Foot Guards, 

Aug. 1, 1766; 
Captain, 22nd Regt. of Foot, Jan. 3, 1772; 
Deputy Earl Marshal of England, Oct. 21, 

1777-Sept. 3, 1782; 
Deputy Lieutenant, West Riding, co. York, 

Sept. 25, 1779; 
Treasurer of the Household, April 10, 1782- 

April 9, 1783; 
Privy Councillor, April 10, 1782 ; 
Lieut.-Colonel in the Army, April 27, 1782 ; 
Master of the Mint, Feb. io, 1784-Sept. 12, 

1789; 
a Lord of Trade & Plantations, March 5,1785; 
Vice- Admiral of Jamaica, July 21, 1789 ; 
Captain- General & Governor of Jamaica, Oct. 

14, 1789; 

m. Catherine, d. of Metcalfe Procter, Esq., Oct. 
14, 1765; 

d. in Jamaica, Nov. 19, 1791. 



Earls. 




From a private plate, s.n. 



66 4 



EFFINGHAM. 



1791. Richard Howard, brother of Thomas III. : Earl of Effingham, & 

Baron Howard of Effingham. 

B. Feb. 21, 1748 ; 

st. Hon. Richard Howard, 1 748-1 791 ; 

Sub-Brigadier, & Cornet, 1st Troop of Horse 

Guards, Nov. 21, 1763; 
Brigadier, & Lieutenant, do., Jan. 21, 1768 ; 
Secretary, & Comptroller of the Household, to 

the Queen, (Charlotte), March 29, 1784- 

1814 ; 
succ. as 4th Earl of Effingham, Nov. 19, 

1791 ; 
Colonel, Sheffield Regt. of Volunteers, Sept. 7, 

1803 ; 
Treasurer to the Queen, April, 1814 ; 
F.S.A., June 10, 1784; 

;;/. -, d. of John Marsh, Esq., of Warcsley 

Park, co. Huntingdon, June 14, 1785 ; 

d. Dec. 11, 1816. 



Earls. 



1816. Kenneth Alexander Howard, cousin of Richard : Earl of Effing- 
ham, & Baron Howard of Effingham. 

B. Nov. 29, 1767 ; 

Ensign, ' Coldstream ' Regt. of Foot Guards, 

April 21, 17S6 ; 
Lieutenant, do., April 25, 1793 ; 
Adjutant, do., Sept. 1, 1793 ; 
Captain-Lieutenant, do., Dec. 30, 1797; 
Major of Brigade to the Foot Guards, April i 7, 

1798; 
Major of Brigade in Ireland, June 13, 1798 ; 
Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel, Coldstream Regt. 

of Foot Guards, July 25, 1799 ; 
Deputy Inspector of Foreign Corps in the 

British Service, Feb. 25, 1802 ; 
Aide-de-Camp to the King, (George HI.), & 

Colonel, Jan. 1, 1805; 
Second Major, Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards, 

Aug. 4, 1 808 ; 



EFFINGHAM. 



665 




After Stephanoff. 

As Deputy Earl Marshal of En£ 
land, July ig, 1821. 



Major- General, July 25, 18 10 ; 

Commander of 1st Brigade, 2nd Division of the 

British Army, (Peninsula), 1810-1811 ; 
Commander of 2nd Division, (Peninsula), July, 

1811-April, 181 2 ; 
Commander of 1st Division, (Spain & France), 

June, 1813-June, 1814 ; 
Lieutenant-Governor of Portsmouth, Sept. 25, 

1S14 ; 
received the War-Medal &: 1 Clasp, 18 14; 
K.C.B., April 12, 18 15 ; 
Knight of the Tower & Sword, of Portugal ; 
Colonel, 70th (' Surrey ') Regt. of Foot, Oct. 24, 

1816; 
succ. as nth Baron Howard of Effingham, 

Dec. 1 1, 1816 ; 
Lieutenant-General, Aug. 12, 1819 ; 
G.C.B., March 17, 1820 ; 
Deputy Earl Marshal of England for Coron. of 

King George IV., July 9-19, 1S21 ; 
Colonel, 3rd ('the Buffs') Regt. of Foot, Jan. 

3°. l8 32 ; 
General in the Army, Jan. 10, 1837 ; 
cr. Earl of Effingham, Jan. 21, 1837; 

m. Lady Charlotte Primrose, d. of Neil, yd Earl 
of Eosebcrry, May 27, 1800 ; 

d. Feb. 13, 1845. 



1845, Henry Howard, son of Kenneth Alexander: Earl of Effingham, & 

Baron Howard of Effingham. 

B. Aug. 23, 1806 ; 

st. Hon. Henry Howard, 1816-1837 ; 

educ. Harrow ; 

Ensign, 58th ('Rutlandshire') Regt. of Foot, 

July 2i, 1S25 ; 
Lieutenant, do., May 14, 1826 ; 

Captain, 10th (' North Lincoln ') Regt. of Foot, 

Nov. 9, 1830-Nov. 29, 1833; 

VOL. T. 4. Q 



Earls. 



666 



EFFINGHAM. 



st. Lord Howard, i 8 37-1 845 ; 
M. P., Shaftesbury, 1841-1845 ; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Effingham, Feb. 13, 

1845 ; 

Deputy-Lieutenant, co. Wilts, Feb. 17, 1845 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, West Riding, co. York, 
March 14, 1853 ; 

m. Eliza, only d. of Gen. Sir Gordon Dmmmond, 
G.C.B., Aug. 18, 1832. 



Earl. 



Arms — Quarterly of 4. I., Gules, abend between 6 cross crosslets fitchee argent, 
on the bend an escocheon or, charged with a demi-lion within a double 
tressure, pierced through the mouth with an arrow, all gules, (Howard) ; 
II., England, with a label argent for difference, (Thomas of Brotherton) ; 
III., Cheeky or & azure, (Warenne) ; IV., Gules, a lion rampant argent, 
(Mowbray). In the centre of the four quarterings a mullet for difference. 

Crest — On a chapeau gule>, turned up ermine, a lion statant gardant or, ducally 
gorged argent, (ThOiMAS of Brotherton). On the shoulder a mullet for 
difference. 

Supporters— Two lions argent, each charged on the shoulder with a mullet for 
difference. 

Motto— Virtus mille scuta. 



EG RE MO NT. 667 




EGREMONT. 


Earls. 




SEYMOUR. 




1749. Algernon Seymour 


, 7th Duke of Somerset : Earl of Egremont, & 
Baron of Cockermouth. 

succ. as 7th Duke of Somerset, Dec. 2, 1748; 
cr. Baron of Cockermouth, & Earl of Egre- 
mont, Oct. 3, 1749 ; 

d. Eeb. 7, 1750; 

see title Somerset. 
WYNDHAM. 




1750. Charles Wyndham 


, nephew of Algernon : Earl of Egremont, Baron 
of Cockermouth, & a Baronet. 

B. Aug. 19, 1710; 

st. Charles Wyndham, Esq., 1 728-1 740; 




jfi^\ 


M.P., Bridgewater, 1735-1741; 




succ. as 4th Baronet, June 17, 1740; 




(M/\ ££* /gXki 


M. P., Appleby, 1 741-1747; 




mWti ^ W 


M. P., Taunton, 1 747-1 750; 




^E '*^il 


succ. as 2nd Earl of Egremont, Feb. 7, 1750; 




jKs^3r 


Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 




^i^V^)% 


Cumberland, April 30, 1751 ; 




: /' w 


Vice Admiral, co. Cumberland, Eeb. 22, 1755; 




Deputy Lieutenant, co. Somerset, June 5, 




1758; 




nominated First Plenipotentiary to proposed 






Congress of Augsburg, April 24, 1761 ; 




After E. Harding, engr. 


Privy Councillor, July 8, 1761 ; 






Secretary of State for the Southern Department, 
Oct. 9, 1 76 1 ; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. Sus- 
sex, Dec. 29, 1762 ; 
4 Q 2 





668 


EGREMONT. 






a Governor of the Charterhouse, Feb. 14, 


Earls. 




1763 : 






Recorder of Taunton ; 






m. Hon. Alicia Maria Carpenter, d. of George, 






2nd Lord Carpetttcr, March 12, 1751 • 




' Died two days ago of an 


d. Aug. 21, 1763. 




apoplexy, which from his 






figure . . . was reasonably 






to be expected.' — Lord 






Chesterfield, Letters, 


X* y 




IV., p. 368. 


&^rz^ccr^f 




1763. George O'Brien Wy 


ndham, son of Charles : Earl of Egremont, Baron 
of Cockermouth, & a Baronet. 

B. Dec. 18, 175 1 ; 

st. Lord Cockermouth, i 751-1763 ; 




Ji&lr5%, 


succ. as 3rd Earl of Egremont, Aug. 21, 




l^W^k 


1763; 






educ. Westminster, & Christ Church Coll., 




Oxford ; 




I*?" ~Efi 


Member of the Board of Agriculture, Aug. 3 1 , 




/m ■• •&r/f/ffi&flw%M 


1793 ; 




^^^^^^m\ 


Captain, Petworth Troop of Yeomanry, Jan. 23, 






1794; 




Colonel, Sussex Regt. of Gentry & Yeomanry, 




f: of 


\ JulyS, 1794; 
F.R.S., Dec. 7, 1797; 




Deputy Lieutenant, co. Sussex, May 12, 1798; 






Lieut.-Colonel Commandant, ' Chichester &: 




After T. Phillips : (1810). 


Arundel' Batt. of Sussex Militia, March 13, 
1809 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Sussex, Nov. 15, 181 9- 




1774. — ' He is a pretty man.' 


June 13, 1835 ; 




— Mrs. Delaney, Letters, 


Lord Lieutenant, co. Sussex, Nov. 18, 181 9- 




V., p. 88. 


June 13, 1835 ; 
Vice Admiral, co. Sussex, June 30, 1820-Feb. 

23> i33M 
a Manager of the Royal Institution ; 





EGREMONT. 


669 


a Vice President & Director of the British Insti- 


Earls. 


1779. — ' He is handsome.'— tution ; 
Horace Walpole, Letters, F.S.A. ; 
VII., p. 415- d. Nov. 11, 1837. 




1834. — 'That fine old fellow.' > 

— Charles C. F. Gre- ( ^ 

VI1.LE, Journals, III., p. 85. ^^Zt* . <?^~C r t~. 




1837. George Francis Wyndham, nephew of George O'Brien : Earl of Egre- 

mont, Baron of Cockermouth, & a Baronet. 




B. Aug. 30, 1785 ; 

st. George Francis Wyndham, Esq., 1S03- 

1837; 
Midshipman, Royal Navy ; 

Lieutenant, July 7, 1806 ; 

Commander, April 30, 1810 ; 

Post Captain, July 3, 1812 ; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Egremont, Nov. ii, 

1837; 




;//. Jane, d. of Rev. William Roberts, Vice Pro- 
vost of Eton College, Nov. 14, 1820; 




d. April 2, 1845. 




Arms — Azure, a chevron between 3 lions' heads erased or. 




Crest — A lion's head erased or, within a fetterlock, the lock gold & the bow 
counter company or & azure. 




Supporters — Dexter, a lion azure, with wings inverted, or ; Sinister, a griffin, 
wings elevated, argent guttee gules. 

Motto — Au bon droit. 




+ + + 





670 



ELD ON. 



ELDON. 



SCOTT. 

1799 John Scott, son of Mr. William Scott : Earl of Eldon, Viscount 

Encombe of Encombe, & Baron Eldon of 
Eldon. 

B. June 14, 1 75 1 ; 
educ, University Coll., Oxford ; 
Fellow of University Coll., Dec. 14, 1767 ; 
B.A. of Oxford, Feb. 20, 1770 j 
M.A. of Oxford, Feb. 13, 1773 ; 
Barrister, Middle Temple, Feb. 9, 1776 ; 
D.C.L. of Oxford, June 23, 1779 ; 
M.P., Weobley, 1783 ; 1784; & 1790-1796; 
King's Counsel, June 4, 1783 ; 
1 1 a Bencher of the Middle Temple, June 20, 

1783; 
Chancellor of the Diocese & Co. Palatine of 

Durham, March 1, 17S7 ; 
Solicitor-General, June 27, 178S ; 
Knight, (by King George III.), June 27, 

1788; 
an Official Trustee of the British Museum ; 
Attorney-General, Feb. 13, 1793 ; 
F.R.S., Feb. 14, 1793; 
M.P., Boroughbridge, 1 796-1 799 ; 
Privy Councillor, July 17, 1799; 
cr. Baron Eldon of Eldon, July 18, 1799 ; 
Lord Chief Justice of the Court of Common 

Pleas, July 19, 1799-May 21, 1801 ; 
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, April 

14, 1801-Feb. 7, 1806 ; 
High Steward of the University of Oxford, Sept. 

18, 1801 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, {by diploma), Oct. 15, 

1801 : 




After Sir T. Lawrence. 



In his early days he had been 
considered handsome. The 
marking feature of his coun- 
tenance was his bushy over- 
hanging brow, which gave a 
character of profound tnought 
to his features, without at 
all overcasting their cheerful, 
placid, benevolent expres- 
sion. His figure was of the 
middle size, light, & active ; 
and his attire & appointments 
neat & unostentatious.' — 
Horace Twiss, Life, III., 
315- 



Eaki.s. 



ELD ON. 



671 



'lie had a shrewdness so great 
as to pierce through every 
feature of his peculiarly in- 
telligent countenance. . . . 
The mingled grace & dignity 
of his demeanour added no 
small charm to his whole 
converse with society.' — 
Henry, Lord Brougham, 
Statesmen &°<r., 2nd Series, 
pp. 58, & 72. 



May 11, JS34.— 'The extreme 
gravity & patient attention 
of old Eldon struck me 
forcibly.'— C. C. F. Gre- 
ville, Journals, III., p. 81. 



a Governor of the Charterhouse, May 4, 1802; 
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, April 1, 

iSo7-April 30, 1827; 
Councillor to the Queen, (as Custos Personal), 

Jan., 1811 ; 
cr. Viscount Encombe of Encombe, & Earl of 

Eldon, July 7, 1821 ; 
a Guardian, Justice, & Lieutenant of Great 

Britain & Ireland, Sept. 18, 1821 ; 
F.S.A. j 
a Trustee of the British Museum, 1830; 

111. Elizabeth, d. of Aubone Surtees, Esq., Nov. 
19, 1772 ; 

d. Jan. 13, 1838. 



Earls. 



IsCvCcw^ 



1838. John Scott II., grandson of John I. : Earl of Eldon, Viscount 

Encombe of Encombe, & Baron Eldon of 
Eldon. 

B. Dec. 10, 1805 ; 

st. Lord Encombe, 1821-1838 ; 

educ. Winchester, & New Coll., Oxford ; 

B.A. of Oxford, April 30, 1828 ; 

M.A., Jan. 27, 1S31 ; 

M. P., Truro, 1 831-183 2; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June n, 1834 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Eldon, Jan. 13, 1838 ; 

President of the Pitt Club, 1842 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 4, 1842 ; 

Justice of the Peace, co Dorset; 




Aftet H P, Briggs. 



iii. Hon. Louisa D unco nib e, d. of Charles, Lord 
Eevershain, Oct. 1, 1831; 

d. Sept. 13, 1854. 



672 



ELD ON. 



1854. John Scott III., son of John II. : Earl of Eldon, Viscount Encombe 

of Encombe, & Baron Eldon of Eldon. 

B. Nov. 8, 1845 ; 

st. Viscount Encombe, 1845 -185 4 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Eldon, Sept. 13, 1854; 
educ. Eton, & Christ Church Coll., Oxford ; 
Hon. Colonel, Dorsetshire Batt. of Rifle Volun- 
teers, March 30, 1S67 ; 

m. Henrietta Minna, d. of Captain Henry Martin 
Tumor, July 8, 1869. 



Earl. 



Arms — Argent, an anchor erect sable between 3 lions' heads erased gules ; on a 
chief wavy azure a portcullis or. 

Crest — A lion's head erased gules, gorged with a chain, & pendent therefrom 
a portcullis or. 

Supporters — Two lions gardant proper, each gorged with a double chain & a 
portcullis attached thereto gold ; pendent from the portcullis a shield argent, 
charged with a civic wreath vert. 

Motto — Sit sine lake decus. 



ELLENBORO UGH. 



673 



ELLENBOROUGH. 



Ha kon. 
Earl, 
Baron. 



LAW. 

1802. Edward Law I., 4th son of Edmund, Bishop of Carlisle : Baron 

Ellenborough of Ellenborough. 

B. Nov. 16, 1750 ; 

educ. Charterhouse, & Peterhouse Coll., Cam- 
bridge ; 
st. Edward Law, Esq., 1 7 68-1 So 1 ; 
B.A. of Cambridge, 1771 ; 
Fellow of Peterhouse College ; 
Barrister, Lincoln's Inn, Jan., 1780; 
King's Counsel, June 27, 1787 ; 
Attorney-General of the Duchy of Lancaster, 

Nov. 14, 1793 ; 
Attorney-General, Feb. 14, 1801 ; 
®-4 j J Knight, (by King George III.), Feb. 22, 1801; 
iff M.P., Newtown, 1801-1802 ; 

Lord Chief Justice of England, April 11, 1802- 

Nov. 6, 181 8; 
cr. Baron Ellenborough of Ellenborough, 

April 19, 1802 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1802 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov. 30, 1803; 
Speaker of the House of Lords, April 25, 1804; 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, Jan. 25-Feb. 5, 

1806 ; 
Cabinet Minister, Jan. 30, 1806-March 25, 

1807; 
Councillor to the Queen, (as Custos Pcrsonce), 

Jan., 181 1 ; 
an Official Trustee of the British Museum, 

1801-1S1S , 
F.S.A. ; 

VOL. I. 4 R 




674 



ELLENB OR O UGH. 



m. A fine, d. of George Philips Towry, Oct. 17, 
1789; 

d. Dec. 13, 1818. 




1818. Edward Law II., son of Edward I. : Earl of Ellenborough, Viscount 

Southam of Southam, & Baron Ellenborough of 
Ellenborough, 

B. Sept. 8, 1790; 

educ. Eton, & St. John's Coll., Cambridge; 

st. Hon. Edward Law, 1802-18 18 ; 

M.P., St. Michaels, 18 13-18 18 ; 

Joint Chief Clerk of the Pleas in the Court of 

King's Bench ; 
succ. as 2nd Baron Ellenborough, Dec. 13, 

1818 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, Jan. 22, 1828; 
Privy Councillor, Jan. 26, 1828 ; 
President of the Board of Control for the Affairs 

of India, Sept. 28, 1828-Nov. 22, 1830 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Gloucester, June 27, 

1833; 
a Lord of the Treasury, Nov. 21, 1834 ; 

President of the Board of Control for the Affairs 

of India, Dec. 18, 1834-April, 1835 ; 
Chief Clerk of the Pleas, & Gustos Brevium, in 

the Court of Queen's Bench, 1837 ; 
President of the Board of Control for the Affairs 

of India, Sept. 4, 1841 ; 
Governor General of India, Oct. 20, 1841- 

June 15, 1844; 
cr. Viscount Southam of Southam, & Earl of 

Ellenborough, Oct. 22, 1844; 
G.C.B., Oct. 30, 1844 ; 



Barons. 
Earl. 



ELLENBORO UGH 



675 



First Lord of the Admiralty, Jan. 8,-July 6, 

1846; 
President of the Board of Control for the Affairs 

of India, March 6-June, 1858 ; 
a Governor of Wellington College ; 

;;/. (1) Lady Octavia Stewart, St/i d. of Robert, 
ist Marquis of Londonderry, Dec. n, 1813 ; 

m. (2) Jane Elizabeth, only d. of Rear-Adm. 
Henry Digby, Sept. 15, 1824; 

d. Dec. 22, 1871. 




1871. 



Charles Edmund Law, nephew of Edward II. : Baron Ellen- 
borough of Ellenborough. 

B. Nov. 17, 1820; 

st. Charles Edmund Law, Esq., 1838-1871; 

Second Lieutenant, Rifle Brigade, April 23, 

l8 39; 
Cornet, 9th (' Queen's') Regt. of Lancers. Feb. 2, 

1844; 
Lieutenant, 31st ('Huntingdonshire') Regt. of 

Foot, May 8, 1846; 
Lieutenant, 69th ('South Lincolnshire ') Regt. 

of Foot, Jan. 29, 1847; 
received Indian Medal, 1847 ; 
Lieutenant, 57th ('West Middlesex') Regt. of 

Foot, Oct. 29, 1847 ; 
Captain, do., Dec. 25, 1851 ; 

Major, 3rd West India Regt, July 7, 1854; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 66th ('Berkshire') Regt. of 

Foot, June 29, 1855 ; 
Colonel in the Army, July 12, 1858 ; 



Eari., 
Baron. 



4 R 2 



676 



ELLENB OR O UGH. 



succ. as 3rd Baron Ellenborough, Dec. 22, 
1871 ■ 

m. (1) Lady Eleanor Cecil Howard, eldest d. of 
William, 4th Ear I of Wicklozv, Nov. 23, 
1840 ; 

m. (2) Anne Elizabeth, d. of Rev. John Fitz- 
gerald Day, June 28, 1855 j 

m. (3) Isabella, only child of Alexander Ogilby, 
Esq., of Pellipar, co. Londonderry, Aug. 26, 
1863. 



Arms— Ermine, on a bend engrailed between 2 cocks gules, 3 mullets pierced or. 

Crest — A cock gules, charged on the breast with a mitre pendent from a chain round 
the neck or. 

Supporters — Two eagles, wings inverted gules, each gorged with a chain or, & 
pendent therefrom on the breast of the dexter supporter a mitre, & on the 
sinister a covered cup gold. 

Motto— Compositum jus fasque animi. 



Baron. 



ELLESMERE. 



EGERTON. 



1603. Thomas Egerton, nat son of Sir Richard Egerton, Knt. 

Ellesmere of Ellesmfre. 



Baron 




After S. Passe. 



' He was a very comely proper 
man in person.' — BlSHOP 
Goodman, Court of King 
James I., I., 274. 



B. about 1540 ; 

educ. Brazenose Coll., Oxford ; 

Barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1572 ; 

Solicitor General, June 28, 1581 ; 

M.P., co. Chester, 1585 ; & 1586-1587 ; 

Councillor, of Wales, Sept. 15, 1586; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Flint, 1588; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Denbigh, 1588 ; 

Attorney General, June 2, 1592 ; 

Chamberlain of Chester, March 2, 1594— 

Oct. 30, 1603 ; 
Master of the Rolls, April 10, 1594-May 19, 

1603 ; 
Knight, (by Queen Elizabeth), May 18, 1594 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, May 6, 1596 ; 
Privy Councillor, May [14], 1596 ; 
Recorder of Cambridge, Aug. 2, 1596 ; 
High Steward of Cambridge, Dec. 29, i6co; 
High Steward of St. Albans, 1601 ; 
High Steward of Oxford, May 22, 1601-1611 \ 
Chamberlain of Wales, April 19, 1603; 
cr. Baron Ellesmere of Ellesmere, July 21, 



160 



o ? 



Lord High Chancellor of England, July 24, 

1603-March 3, 161 7 ; 
Lord High Steward of England, (for trial of 

Lords Cobham & Grey), Nov. 9, 1603 ; 
Steward of Hemelhamstead, July 20, 1607 ; 
Steward of Holt Castle, & the Manors of Brom- 

field & Yale, Nov. 12, 1607 ; 



Baron, 
Earls. 



Clive, 223. 



C. R. R. 



P. C. Reg. 

C. H. C, ii. 

556. 
Ibid. 599. 



Pat. 14. 



Pat. 20. 



6 7 8 



ELLESMERE. 



■ Surely all Christendom af- 
forded not a person which 
carried more gravity in his 
countenance & behaviour 
than Sir Thomas Egerton.' 
— T. Fuller, Worthies, I., 
271. 



Pat. p. 11. 

Pat. 37. 

Wood, ii. F. 
337- 



Camden, 18. 



Lord Lieutenant, co. Buckingham, Dec. 22, Baron. 

1607-Sept. 15, 1616 ; 
Steward of the Lordship of Denbigh, May 20, 

1609 ; 
Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Nov. 3, 

1610-Jan. 24, 161 7 ; 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Nov., 1611 ; 
High Steward of Kingston-on-Hull, 16 12 ; 
Lord High Steward of England, (for trial of 

Earl & Countess of Somerset), May 24, 

1616 ; 
cr. Viscount Brackley, Nov. 7, 16 16 ; 
designated Earl of Bridgewater, March 15, 

1617; 

m. (1) Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Ravenscroft, Esq., 

of Bretton, co. Flint) 
m. (2) Elizabeth, dowager- Lady 1 Volley, sister of 

Sir George More of Loseley ; 
m. (3) Alice {Spencer), dowager- Countess of Derby, 

Oct. 20, 1600 ; 

d. March 15, 161 7; 

see title Bridgewater. 




wtCjze, 




ctsM 



^ 



Arms — Quarterly, I. & IV., Argent, a lion rampant gules between 3 pheons sable ; 
a bordure engrailed sable, (Egerton) ; II. & III., Or, 3 piles gules, on a 
canton argent, a griffin segreant sable, (Basset). 

Crest— On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a lion rampant of the first, holding 
a pheon or, headed & feathered argent. 

Supporters — Dexter, a horse argent, gorged with a ducal coronet or. Sinister, a 
griffin segreant or, gorged with a plain collar & chain azure. 

Motto— Sic donec. 



+ 



+ 



ELLESMERE. 



679 




LE VE SON-GO WEE. 

1846. Francis Egerton, 2nd son of George, 1st Duke of Sutherland : Earl 

of Ellesmere of Ellesmere, and Viscount 
Brackley of Brackley. 

B. Jan. 1, 1800 ; 

st. Lord Francis Leveson-Gower, 1803-1833; 

educ. Christ Church Coll. Oxford ; 

Lieutenant, Staffordshire Regt. of Yeomanry, 
Aug. 6, 1819; 

Captain, do., Sept. 27, 181 9; 

M.P., Bletchingley, 1820-1826 ; 

Cornet, 10th (' Prince of Wales's Own') Regt. of 
Hussars, Oct. 24, 1821-Feb. 14, 1823 ; 

M.P., co. Sutherland, 1826 ; & 1830-1831 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Sutherland, 1826 ; 

a Lord of the Treasury, April 24-Sept. 8, 
1827; 

Under Secretary of State for the Colonies, 
Jan.-May, 1828; 

Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, May, 1828-July, 1830 ; 

Privy Councillor, June 28, 1828; 

Privy Councillor, of Ireland, Aug. 9, 1828 ; 

Secretary at War, July 30-Nov. 22, 1830 • 

took the name & arms of Egerton only, Aug. 

24, 1833 ; 

cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 10, 1834; 

a Trustee of the National Gallery of Pictures, 

Feb. 26, 1835; 
M.P., South Lancashire, 1835; 1837: & 1841- 

1846; 
Rector of King's College, Aberdeen, Oct., 1838; 
Major-Commandant, 'Duke of Lancaster's Own' 

Regt. of Yeomanry, July 21, 1841 ; 
cr. Viscount Brackley of Brackley, & Earl of 

Ellesmere of Ellesmere, June 30, 1846; 
President of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1 849 ; 
a Councillor of King's College, London ; 
K.G., Feb. 7, 1855 ; 



After D. Maclise. 



Earl. 



68o 



ELLESMERE. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, ' Duke of Lancaster's Own ' 
Regt. of Yeomanry, July 27, 1855; 

Lord Lieutenant & Gustos Rotulorum, co. 
Lancaster, (swn.) April 9, 1856 ; 

a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery, 
Dec. 2, 1856 ; 

m. Harriet Catherine, d. of Charles Greville, 
Esq., June 18, 1822 • 

d. Feb. 18, 1857. 



I peJ~b^ 




1857 George Granville Francis Egerton, son of Francis: Earl of 

Ellesmere of Ellesmere, and Viscount Brack- 
ley of Brackley. 

B. June 15, 1823; 

st. George G. F. Egerton, Esq., 1841-1846 ; 

Cornet, ' Duke of Lancaster's Own ' Regt. of 

Yeomanry, July, 1841 ; 
Captain, do., April 10, 1846 ; 
st. Viscount Brackley, 1846-185 7 ; 
M.P., North Staffordshire, 1847-185 1 ; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Ellesmere, Feb. 18, 

1857; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, ' Duke of Lancaster's Own ' 

Regt. of Yeomanry, Sept. 25, 1S57 ; 
a Family Trustee of the British Museum, 

1862; 



m. Lady Mary Louisa Campbell, ^th d. of John 
Erederiek, 1st Earl Cawdor, April 29, 
1846; 

d. Sept. 19, 1862. 



Earls. 



1S62. Francis Charles Granville Egerton, son of George Granville : 

Earl of Ellesmere of EllEsmere, & "Viscount 
Brackley of Brackley. 

B. April 5, 1847; 

st. Viscount Brackley, 185 7-1 862 ; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Ellesmere, Sept. 19, 

1S62; 
Cornet, 'Duke of Lancaster's Own' Regt. of 

Yeomanry, May 13, 1864 ; 
educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge; 
B.A., of Cambridge, 1868; 
Captain, 'Duke of Lancaster's Own' Regt. of 

Yeomanry, July 12, 1869 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 3rd Manchester Batt. of 

Rifle Volunteers, April 14, 1875 > 

in. Lady Katharine Louisa Phifips, 2nd d. of 
George Augustus Constantine, 2nd Marquis 
of Normanby, Dec. 9, 1868. 



Arms— Argent, a lion rampant gnles, between 3 pheons' heads sable. 

CREST — On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a lion rampant of the first, holding 
a pheon or, headed & feathered argent. 

Supporters — Dexter, a horse argent, gorged with a ducal coronet or. Sinister, a 
griffin segreant or, gorged with a plain collar & chain azure. 

Motto — Sic donec 



VOL. 1. 



4S 



Earl. 



682 


ESSEX. 






ESSEX. 


Earls. 




MAGNEVILLE. 




1 139. Geoffrey de Magneville II., son of William de Magneville : Earl 






of Essex, Lord of Walden & Pleshy. 






B. before 1091 ; 






Knight ; 




' Homo audacissimus, & mag- 


succ. as 3rd Baron de Magneville, before 




narum virium.' ' Vir feio- 


Aug. 8, 1 1 1 1 ; 


Foed. i. 8. 


cissimus. ' — Will, de Novo- 
burgo, Hist. Anglicana^ I., 
P- 35- 


st. commonly k Mandeville ' ; 
Steward of Normandy, (jure matris) ; 
Constable of the Tower of London, [1135]- 




'Vir sicut prudentis animi 


"43 ; 


Gest. Steph. 


ingenio spectabilis, ita in 
adversis inflexibilis virtutis 
constantia, militarisque 


cr. Earl of Essex, (by King Stephen), 1139; 
Justice & Sheriff of London & Middlesex ; 


101. 


studii probitate admirabilis.' 
— Gesta Stephani, p. 101. 


Sheriff of Essex and Hertford ; 

Chief Justice of Essex, for Pleas of the Crown ; 


Lane. Ch. 


' Ferus . . & turbulentus ' — 
Ibid., p. 102. 


Lieutenant of King Stephen in the Bishopric of 
Ely; 


Leland. Colt 




Patron of Hurley Priory, co. Berks ; 


u. 599- 




Founder of Walden Abbey, co. Essex, 1136; 






cr. Earl of Essex, (by Empress Maud), 1141: 






m. Rohais, d. of Aubrey de Vcrc, (afterwards) 






Earl of Oxford ; 






killed, Sept. 14, 1144. 




[11 59]. Geoffrey de Magneville III., 2nd son of Geoffrey II. : Earl of 






Essex, Lord of Walden. 






B. before 1130 ; 






Knight ; 






Patron of Walden Abbey ; 






cr. Earl of Essex, before 1159; 






Joint Chief Justice in Eyre, in cos. Buckingham, 






Bedford, Norfolk, Suffolk, York, Notting- 





Lingua satis facundus, & in 
negotiis secularibus consilio 
pollens.' — MONASTICON, 
IV., p. 142. 



ham, Derby, Stafford, Warwick, Leicester, 
Northumberland, Cumberland, Hunting- 
don, Surrey, Kent, Essex, & Herts, 1 166 ; | 

Joint Chief Justice in Eyre, in cos. Norfolk, 
Suffolk, Lincoln, Northumberland, Buck- 
ingham, Bedford, Northampton, Notting- 
ham, Derby, Essex, Hertford, Warwick, 
Leicester, Cambridge, Huntingdon, Kent, 
& Surrey, 1167 ; 

Joint Chief Justice in Eyre, in co. York, n 69 ; 

Joint Commander against the Welsh, 1169 ; 

m. Eustaeliia, kinswoman of King Henry II ; 

d. Oct. 21, 1169. 



1 169. William de Mandeville II., brother of Geoffrey III. : Earl of Essex 

& Albemarle, Lord of Walden, Holderness, 
Craven, & Bitham. 

B. before 11 44 ; 

Knight, (by Philip, Count of Flanders), before 

1167 ; 
succ. as 3rd Earl of Essex, Oct. 21, 1169; 
took the Cross, n 76 ; 
Assessor in the Royal Court, (to arbitrate 

between the Kings of Castille & Navarre), 

March, n 77 ; 
Crusader, April, 1177-Oct. 8, 1 1 79 ; 
Joint Commander-in-Chief of the Crusaders, 

1177 ; 

cr. Earl of Albemarle {jure nxoris), Jan. 14, 
1180 ; 

st. Earl of Albemarle & Essex ; 

Advocate of Walden Abbey ; 

Founder of Chippenham Preceptory, co. Cam- 
bridge, 1 184 ; 

;//. Havzse, d. 6r heiress of William, Earl of 
Albemarle, Jan. 14, 1180; 



Eari.s. 



R Mag 1-9. 



' Vir acer ingenio, consilio 
providus, in armis nomine 
magnus. Ipsum autem 
eadem coraplexio, similis 
facundia, par corporis pro- 
ceritas, fratri satis assimu- 
lavit.' — Moxasticon, IV., 
P- 143. 



+ 
4 S 2 



see title Albemarle. 



+ 



R. Mag. 3. 

R. Mag. 
Monast. iv. 
142. 



Monast. 
iv. 143. 

Ben. Abb. i. 
130. 



Ibid. 154. 
Ibid. 130. 

Ibid. 

Diceto, 609. 
Monast. iv. 

Monast. vi. 
pt. 2, 801. 



684 



ESSEX. 



FITZ-PIERS. 

1 199. Geoffrey Fitz-piers, son (probably) of Simon Fitz-Piers : Earl of 

Essex, Baron Fitz-Piers, Lord of Ludgershal. 

B. before 1165 ; 

Sheriff, co. Northampton, n 85 ; 

a Justice of the Royal Forests, 1185 ; 

took the Cross, about n 88 ; 

Chief Justice of the Royal Forests South of 

Trent, [1189]; 
Warden of the Stannaries, [1 190]- Jan. 9, 1198; 
Councillor of Regency, Feb. 1191-1194; 
Sheriff, cos. Essex and Hertford, 1191-1194 ; 
Justice Resident at the Exchequer ; 
Chief Justiciar of England, July [11], 1198 : 
Constable of the Tower of London, 1198-1213; 
Joint Under Sheriff, co. Stafford, 1199 > 
cr. Earl of Essex, May 27, 11 99 ; 
Sheriff, co. Stafford, 1199-1205; 
Sheriff, co. York, n 99-1 201 ; 
Sheriff, co. Westmoreland, 1200; 
Sheriff, cos. Buckingham & Bedford, 1200- 

1205 ; 
Sheriff, cos. Hants & Salop, 1 202-1 205 ; 
Steward of the Honour of Ongar, March 25, 

1204 ; 
Sheriff, co. York, 1 204-1 205 ; 
Constable of Dover Castle, & Warden of the 

Cinque Ports, May 25, 1206; 
Joint Guardian of England, July, 1213 ; 
First Commissioner to inquire into losses of the 

clergy in Diocese of Canterbury, Aug. 31, 

1213 ; 
Patron of Walden Abbey ; 
Founder of Shouldham Priory; 

m. ( r ) Beatrice de Say, niece &> heiress of William, 

yd Earl of Essex, 1 1 90 ; 
m. (2) Aveline d. of , before 1206 ; 

d. Oct. 14, 1213 ; 



Earl. 



R. Divis. 8. 



R. Pip. 2, 
m 2. 

Ben. Abb. ii. 
158. 



Focd. i. 71. 



Pat. m 3. 



MS. Add. 
12,514- 



R. Claus. ra 
8, d. 



ESSEX. 



685 



121 



3. Geoffrey de Mandeville III., son of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers (1) : Earl 

of Essex & Gloucester, Lord of Glamorgan. 

B. about 1 191 ; 

succ. as 5th Earl of Essex, Oct. 14, 1213 ; 

Constable of the Tower of London, Oct. 14- 

Nov. 4, 1 213 ; 
Knight, (by King John) ; 
Lord of the Honour of Glamorgan, Jan. 26, 

1214; 
Earl of Gloucester, {jure uxoris), 12 14; 
Joint Marshal of the Army of the Barons, 1215; 
One of the 25 Barons, Guardians of the Great 

Charter, June, 12 15 ; 
Governor, co. Essex, (for the Barons), 12 15 ; 

///. Isabel, d. 6° h. of William ' Eitz- Robert] 
Earl of Gloucester, Jan., 12 14; 

d. Feb. 23, 1 2 16. 




From MS. Reg. 14, C. vii. 

' Quartele de or & de goulez.' 
Roll, temp. Hen. III. 



Earls. 



1216. William de Mandeville, brother of Geoffrey III. : Earl of Essex, 

Lord of Aylesbury & Berkhamstead. 

B. after 1192 ; 

st. William de Mandeville, 12 15 ; 

Knight, [Feb. 10,1215]; 

succ. as 6th Earl of Essex, Feb. 23, 12 16 ; 

Joint Ambassador to France, 1225 ; 

in. Christiana, d. of Robert, yd Lord Fitz- 
Walter ; 

d. Jan. 8, 1227. 



: Adolescens strenuus.' — Rog. 
de Wen uover, IV., 138. 



Pat. m. 7. 



Pat. m. 4. 



Lib. Ant. 
Leg. 201. 

R. Wend. v. 
183. 

Walt de 
Coventry, 
ii. 224. 



Pat. m. 7. 



+ 



+ 



BOHUN. 



1228. Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford : Earl of Essex. 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Hereford, June 1, 1220; 
cr. Earl of Essex, April 21, 1228 ; 

see title Hereford. 



686 



ESSEX. 



+ 



+ 



PLANTAGENET. 



r3 .. Thomas 'of Woodstock,' 7th son of King Edward III.: Earl of 

Buckingham, Essex. & Northampton. 

cr. Earl of Buckingham, July 15, 1377; 
st. Earl of Essex, (jure uxoris) ; 

in. the Lady Eleanor de Bokun, d. &> eo.-h of 
Humphrey V., Earl of Hereford & Essex. 
1374; 

see titles Buckingham & Gloucester. 
+ + + 



BOURCHIER. 

146 1. Henry Bourchier, son of William Bourchier, Earl of Eu : Earl of 

Essex & Eu, Viscount & Baron Bourchier, 
Lord of Wark & Tyndale. 

B. 1406 ; 

succ. (de jure) as 2nd Earl of Eu, in Normandy, 

Aug., 1420 ; 
Knight, (by King Henry VI.), May 19, 1426 ; 
Master of the Harthounds, Jan. 28, 1432 ; 
succ. as 6th Baron Bourchier, July 1, 1433; 
summ. to Park, as Earl of Eu, July 5, 1435; 
Captain, ' for the field,' (France), 1437 ; 
Joint Ambassador to treat with France, May 

2 3, 1439; 
Captain of the Castle of Crotoi, [Oct. 26, 1445- 

Jan. 19, 1449]; 
cr. Viscount Bourchier, 1446 \ 
summ. to Parlt. as Viscount Bourchier, Dec. 

14, 1446 ; 
Chief Commissioner for government of the Town, 

Castle, & Marches of Calais, April 2, 1450 ; 
K.G., (inst.) April 22, 1452 ; 



Earls. 




From the Drass at Little Easton, 
Essex : (After Vctusta Monument a, 
vol. II., pi. 53). 



Pat. 1, m. 

10. 



Acts, P. C. 
v. 8. 

R. Franc, ny 
10. 

R. Franc, 
m. 13. 



R. Franc m. 



£SSEX. 



687 




From his seal. 

Quarterly I. & IV. Argent, 
a cross engrailed gules, 
between 4 water - bougets 
sable, (Bourchier) ; II. & 
III. Gules, semee of billets 
or, a fess argent, (Lou- 

VAIX). 

Crest— On a wreath or & 
sable, a man's head in pro- 
file with long hair & beard 
proper, wearing a golden 
coronet, & high bonnet 
curving forward gules, 
having at the end a small 
bell or. 

Supporters — Two eagles 
with wings elevated argent, 
beaked & armed or. 

Badges— 1. A falcon volant 
with one wing broken 
argent. 

2. The Buurchier 

Knot. 

3. A fetterlock or. 



Privy Councillor, [Dec. 6], 1453 ; 

a Commissioner to create and invest Edward, 

Prince of Wales, April 13, 1454; 
Treasurer of England, May 29, 1455-Oct. 5,1456; 
Treasurer of the Exchequer, March 18, 146 1- 

April 14, 1462 ; 
Deputy of the Order of the Garter, 1461; 
cr. Earl of Essex, June 30, 1461 ; 
Master of the Royal Forests South of Trent, 

Nov. 18, 1 46 1 ; 
Lord Steward of the Household, 1463-147 1 ; 
Joint Ambassador to Burgundy & France, 

April, 1463 ; 
Treasurer of England, April 22, T471 ; 
Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster South 

of Trent, June 11, 1471 ; 
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, June 23-July 17, 

1472; 
cr. Lord of the Honours of Wark & Tyndale, 

July 10, 1474; 
Chief Commissioner to treat with France, 

Jan. 2i, 1479; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Essex, Norfolk, Suf- 
folk, & Kent; 

;//. Isabel, sister of Richard, Duke of York, 
l^vidow of Thomas Grey); (d. Oct. 2, 1484) ; 

d. April 4, 1483. 




1483. William Henry Bourchier, grandson of Henry : Earl of Essex & 

Eu, Viscount & Baron Bourchier. 

B. 1472 ; 



Earls. 
Acts. P. C. 
vi. 165. 

Pat. m. 13, 

d. 

Pat. 2, m. 

12. 

Pat. 1, m. 
17- 



Pat. 3 


m. 


20. 




W. W 


V rc. 


781. 
Pat. i 


m. 


24- 




Lane. 


Re K . 


19- 





Pat. 1, m. 
12. 



688 



ESSEX. 



' fiingulari bonitate praeditus.' 
—P. Vergil, Ati^l. Hist., 
lib. XXVI., p. 567. 



Motto— (©for pronussc nvabc. 




Badges — 1. The Bourchier 
Knot. 

2. A fetterlock, 
with a lose within it. 



succ. as 2nd Earl of Essex, April 4, 1483 ; 
Bearer of the Spurs, Coron. of King Flenry VI [., 

Oct. 30, 1485 ; 
summ. to Parlt, Oct. 14, 1495 ; 
K.G., 1496 ; 
Captain in the Royal Army, (Blackheath), June, 

1497; 
a Justice of ' Oyer & Terminer ' in London, 

April 1, 1502 ; 
Privy Councillor, [Feb. 14, 1505] ; 
Bearer of the Sword of State, Coron. of King 

Henry VIIL, June 24, 1509 ; 
Captain of the Band of Gentlemen 'Spears,' 

(afterwards ' Pensioners'), 1509 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Hertford & Essex, 

July 18, 1509 ; 
Joint Constable of Windsor Castle, & Keeper 

of the Forests, Parks, & Warrens, July 26, 

1511-1524 ; 
Chief Captain of the King's ' Spears,' (France), 

[June 6], 15 13 ; 
Chief Marshal of the King's Train, (for 'Field 

of the Cloth of Gold,') June, 1520 ; 
Lieutenant & Deputy of the Order of the Garter, 

May, 1533 ; 
Lord Carver, Coron. of Queen Anne Boleyne, 

June 1, 1533 ; 

;;/. Mary, eldest d. 6- //. of Sir William Say, 
Knt. ; 

d. March 13, 1540. 




+ 



+ 



+ 



Earl. 



Rutl. Prs. 
11. 



P. Vergil, 

601. 

Pat. 2, m. 
19, d. 



MS. Tib. E. 
viii. 



S. P. 309-10. 



S. P. 1833. 



S. P. 4176. 



MS. Tit. B. 
1, f. 127. 



Wrioth. i. 21. 



ESSEX. 



6S9 




CROMWELL. 

1540. Thomas Cromwell, son of Walter Cromwell: Earl of Essex, & Baron 

Cromwell of Okeham. 

B. 1490; 

M.P., , 1523; 

Member of Gray's Inn, 1524 ; 
Steward, & Councillor, to Cardinal Wolsey ; 
M.P., Taunton, 1529-1536; 
Privy Councillor, 1531 ; 
Master of the Jewel-House, April 15, 1532; 
Clerk of the Hanaper, July 16, 1532 ; 
Master of the King's Wards, 1532; 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, April 12, 1533 ; 
Recorder of Bristol, Aug. 8, 1533; 
Joint Constable of Hertford Castle. &: Herting- 
fordbury, & Keeper of the Park, Feb. 27, 

1534; 
Principal Secretary to the King, 1534; 
Joint Constable of Berkeley Castle, Keeper of 

Berkeley Park, Master of the Game, & 

Keeper of Hynton Wood & Red Wood, 

Sept., 1534 ; 
Master of the Rolls, Oct. 8, 1534-July 2, 1536; 
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, 1 535 ; 
Visitor-General of the Monasteries, 1535 ; 
Steward of the Manor of the Savoy, & Bailiff of 

Enfield, May 14, 1535 ; 
Steward of the Manors of Edelmeton & Saves 

Bery, co. Middlesex, May 16, 1535; 
High Steward of the University of Cambridge, 

1535 ; 

Visitor of the University of Cambridge, Oct., 

J535 ; 
Prebendary of Blewbery, in dioc. Sarum, May 

ii, 1536 ; 



After H. Holbein. 



VOL. I. 



Chief Steward of the Manor of Writtle, & 

Keeper of the Park, June 9, 1536 ; 
Keeper of the Privy Seal, July 2, 1536 ; 
cr. Baron Cromwell of Okeham, July 9, 1536; 

4T 



Earl. 



S.P. 2Q 5 8. 

S.P. 6043, 2. 

Pat. 2. 

Pat. -, m. 3. 

Pat. 2. 



Lane. Div. 
xii. 



Pat. 2. 

C H.C. i. 

37i. 
Wrioth. i. 

Lane. Div. 
xii. 

Pat. 2. 



Pat. 1, m. 
21. 



Pat. 1. 
Ibid. 




From his seal. 

Arms — Azure, on a fess be- 
tween 3 lions rampant or, a 
rose gules, barbed vert, be- 
tween 2 Cornish choughs 
proper. 

{Granted, 1533 : MS. Coll Arms, 
2nd G. 4.) 

Arms— Quarterly, I. & IV. 
As above; (II. & III.), Per 
fess azure & or, a pale 
counterchanged, charged al- 
ternately with fleurs de lys of 
the second, & pelicans with 
wings elevated vulning them- 
selves gules. 

Crest— Out of a wreath, a 
demi-lion, queue fourchee, 
holding up a ring, all or, 
the stone gules. 



Vicar General & Vicegerent of the King in 

Spirituals, July 18, 1536 ; 
Knight, (by King Henry VIII.), July 18, 

*53 6 ; 
KG., Aug. 26, 1537 ; 

Steward of the Honour of Haverinsr-atte-Bower, 

& Keeper of the House, Park, & Forest, 

Dec 3, 1537; 
Dean of Wells, 1537; 
Warden & Chief Justice of the Royal Forests 

North of Trent, Dec. 30, 1537 ; 
Captain of the Isle of Wight, Nov. 2, 1538 ; 
Steward, Surveyor, Receiver, & Bailiff of the 

Crown Lands in the Isle of Wight, Nov. 2, 

1538; 
Constable of Carisbroke Castle, Nov. 2, 1538; 
Master of the Hunt, & Keeper of Carisbroke 

Park, Nov. 2, 1538 ; 
Constable of Ledes Castle, Jan. 4, 1539; 
Steward of the Honour of Reylegh, & Bailiff 

of Reylegh & the Hundred of Rochford, 

Dec. 20, 1539; 
Steward of the late Monastery of Furness, 

054°]; 

High Steward of Reading ; 

cr. Earl of Essex, April 17, 1540 ; 

Great Chamberlain of England, April 17, 1540; 

in. Elizabeth, elder d. of ' jfohn Wykys, of Putney, 
Usher of the Chamber, 15 13; 

beheaded, July 28, 1540. 




Earl. 



Wrioth. 
52- 



Pat. 4. 



Pat. 1. 



Pat. 2. 



Pat. 8. 



Pat. 1. 



+ 



4' 



ESSEX. 



691 



1543- 



£T^ 



PARRE. 

William Parre, son of Sir Thomas Parre, Knt. : Earl of Essex, 

Baron Parre of Kendal, Lord Marmion, & St. 
Quentin. 

B. (about) 1 5 10 ; 

Knight, (by King Henry VIII.), Oct. 18, 1537 ; 
cr. Baron Parre of Kendal, March 9, 1539 ; 
Joint Keeper of Brigstock Great & Little Parks, 

Dec. 16, 1539 ; 
Steward of the Manor of Writtle, May 25, 1540 ; 
Steward & Bailiff of the Honour of Rayleigh, 

Sept. 25, 1541 ; 
Privy Councillor, [March, 1543] ; 
Lord Warden & Keeper of the Marches towards 

Scotland, March, 1543; 
Councillor, of the North, [1543] ; 
K.G., April 23, 1543 ; 
cr. Earl of Essex, Dec. 23, 1543 ; 
Chief Captain of the Men at Arms, English Army 

in France, July, 1544 ; 
Assistant Councillor to the Executors of King 

Henry VIII., Dec. 30, 1546 ; 
a Commissioner for trial of Henry, Earl of 

Surrey, Jan. 13, 1547 ; 
a Commissioner of Claims for Coron. of King 

Edward VI., Feb., 1547 ; 
cr. Marquis of Northampton, Feb. 16, 1547; 

/;/. (1) Lady Anne Bourc/iier, d. &* h. of William 
Henry, Earl of Essex, 1543; 

see title Northampton. 




After H. Holbein 



Light grey, or blue, eyes, 
dark brown hair, auburn 
beard, pale yellow mous- 
tache. 



/M& 



4 T 2 



Earl 



MS. Claud. 
C. iii. 



Pat. 1. 
Pat. 6. 



Pat. 

P. S. P. v. 

265. 



Ibid. 266. 
Ibid. 



Feed. vi. 
145- 

Wrioth. i. 
177. 

MS. Harl. 

353- 



6g: 



ESSEX. 



Arms — Argent, 2 bars azure, a bordure engrailed sable. 

Crest — Out of a wreath argent & azure, a Maiden's head proper, with long hair or. 

Supporters — Dexter, a buck or. Sinister, a wyvern azure, armed & langued 
gules. 

Motto— Amour avecque loiaulte. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



DEVEREUX. 

1572. Walter Devereux III., grandson of Walter, Viscount Hereford : 

Earl of Essex & Eu, Viscount Hereford & 
Bourchier. Baron Ferrers of Chartley, Bourchier, 
& Louvain. 

B. 1540; 

succ. as 2nd Viscount Hereford, Sept. 27, 

1553; 
High Steward of Tamworth, Nov. 5, 1558 ; 
Steward & Receiver of Builth, Nov. 6, 1558; 
Steward of Walscot, Wydygads, &: El vet, & 

the Welsh Courts in cos. Carmarthen & 

Cardigan, Nov. 6, 1558; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Stafford & Pembroke, 

[June 1, 1564]; 
Joint Custodian of the Queen of Scotland, 

Sept. 25, 1568 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Musters in co. Stafford, 

J 569 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Stafford, & city of Lich- 
field, Nov. 18, 1569 ; 

Marshal of the Army in the North, Dec. 1, 

L569; 
K.G., April 23, 1572 ; 

cr. Earl of Essex, May 4, 1572 ; 

Captain-General & Governor of Ulster, July 9, 

J573; 
Councillor of Wales, about 1574; 
Earl Marshal of Ireland, May 9, 1576 ; 




Eari.s. 



Dom. 



After F. Zucchcro. 



P.S. 



Pat. 3> d. 



Dom. li. 3. 
Dom. lix. 57. 
Dom. lix. 63. 

Carew Prs 

3°4- 

Dom xcvii. 

22. 

Pat. 13. 



£SS£X. 



693 



' Vir impiger, & qui animum 
ab ineunte aetate bellicis 
studiis imbuerat. ' — W. Cam- 
den, p. 255. 



Motto — Omni fortun.e 
paratus. 



1576. Robert Devereux 



111. Lettiie, d. of Si/ Francis Knotty s, Knt. ; 

d. Sept. 22, 1576. 





After a painter unknown (N. P. 
Gall.) 



' Complexion pale, eyes dark, 
hair deep brown, the beard 
of a golden red, lighter & 
more yellow in the mous- 
taches.' 



I., son of Walter IN. : Earl of Essex & Eu, 
Viscount Hereford & Bourchier, Baron Ferrers 
of Chartley, Bourchier, & Louvain. 

B. Nov. 10, 1567 ; 

st. Viscount Hereford, 1572-1576; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Essex, Sept. 22, 1576; 

educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A., of Cambridge, July 6, 1581 ; 

General of the English Horse, (Holland), 

1585-15S7; 
Knight- Banneret, Oct. 7, 1586 ; 

Master of the Horse, Dec. 23, 15S7 ; 

M.A., of Oxford, April 11, 1588; 

K.G., April 23, 158S; 

General of the Horse, (Tilbury Camp), 15 88 ; 

High Steward of Reading, 3589; 

High Steward of St. Alban's, 1590; 

General of English Auxiliaries in France, July 

21-Dec., 1591 ; 
Privy Councillor, Feb. 25, 1593 ; 
Ford President of the Council ; 
High Steward of the Honour of Grafton, Sept. 

10, 1593; 
Master Forester of Whittlewood Forest, Sept. 

10, 1593 ; 

Ranger of Salcey Forest, Sept. 10, 1593 ; 
Constable, Steward, & Keeper of Wigmore 

Castle, Manor, & Park, Feb. 19, 1594 ; 
Keeper of Okeley Park, Feb. 19, 1594 ; 



Earls. 



Dom. Add. 
XXIX. 107. 

Pat. 18. 



Cecil, 797. 

Dom. 
eclxxviii. 55. 

Pat. 6. 

Ibid. 

W. & F. 
Res. 



694 



ESSFX. 



'The earl was a pretty deal the 
taller, & much the stronger, 
& of the abler body' (than 
George Villiers). . . 'did 
bend a little in the neck.' 
'Exceeded in the incompar- 
able fairness & fine shape of 
his hands, which ... he 
took from his father.' 'Of 
straight & goodly stature.' 
—Sir Henry YVutton, 
ReliquicE Wottoniancc, pp. 
170-171. 



' A body hath he made of iron. ' 
— Sir Thomas Coningsby, 
1 59 1, Journal, in Camden 
Misc., I., iv., p. 44. 



'There was in this young lord, 
together with a most goodly 
person, a kind of urbanity 
or innate courtesy.' — Sir 
Robt. Naunton, 

5i. 



Keg., p. 



Fragm. 



Custos Rotulorum, co. Stafford, [1594]; 
Gustos Rotulorum, co. Pembroke, [1594]; 
Lieutenant-General of the Forces, April, 1596; 
High Steward of Ipswich, Aug. 14, 1596; 
Lieutenant-General & Admiral of the Forces sent 

against the Azores, May 20-Oct. 30, 1597; 
Earl Marshal of England, Dec. 28, 1597 ; 
Master of the Ordnance, March 19, 1598 ; 
Ghancellor of the University of Cambridge, 

Aug. 10, 1598 ; 
Chancellor of the University of Dublin, 1598 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, March 12-Nov., 

!599i 
m. Frances, d. & h. of Sir Francis JValsing/iam, 

ifidoiu of Sir Philip Sydney ; 

beheaded, Feb. 25, 1601. 





1603. Robert Devereux II., son of Robert I. : Earl of Essex & Eu, Vis- 
count Hereford & Bourchier, Baron Ferrers of 
Chartley, Bourchier, & Louvain. 

B. 1592 • 

st. Viscount Hereford, 1592-1601 ; 

educ, Eton, & Merton Coll., Oxford ; 

restored Earl of Essex, 1603 ; 

High Steward of Hereford, 1603-1622; 

restored in blood, April 18, 1604 ; 

M.A., of Oxford, Aug. 30, 1605 ; 

Steward & Keeper of the Royal Manors in cos. 



Earls 
Pat. 17, d. 



Pat. 

C.H.C. ii. 

592- 



Docquet. 



Journ. L. ii. 



ESSEX. 



695 




After R. Walker. 



1 6 1 5. — ' The Ea : of Essex is a 
gentleman of a midle stature, 
& slender, blacke heaved, 
but no bearde, his face some- 
what disfigured with the 
smale poxe, & about the age 
of twoe or three & twentith.' 
— Proclamation, MS. Add., 
12,514, f. 143. 



His countenance, to those 
who knew him not, appeared 
somewhat stern & solemn ; 
to intimates, affable & gentle.' 
— Arthur Wilson, Hist. 
of King James, p. 1 62. 



Carmarthen, Pembroke, Cardigan, & Breck- 
nock, June 30, 1606 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Stafford, & city of Lich- 
field, Feb. 22, 16 1 2 ; 

Councillor of Wales, March 3, 161 7 ; 

High Steward of Tamworth, 161 7; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Stafford, [Jan. 8, 16 19] ; 

Member of the Council of War, for the Palati- 
nate, Jan. 13, 162 1 ; 

Colonel of English Regt. of Foot, for service of 
Holland, May [17], 1624; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, June-Sept., 1625; 

Vice Admiral of the Fleet, & Colonel-General 
of the Land Forces, (against Cadiz). Oct. t- 
Dec. 5, 1625 ; 

Bearer of the Sceptre with the Dove, Coron. of 
King Charles I., Feb. 2, 1626 ; 

Knight, (by King Charles I.), May 20, 163S ; 

Lieutenant-General of the Army, (North), Feb. 
2, 1639 ; 

Joint Commissioner to treat with the Scots, 
(Ripon), Sept., 1640; 

Privy Councillor, Feb. 19, 1641 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. & city of York, & King- 
ston-on-Hull, June 2, 1641-1642 ; 

Lord Chamberlain of the Household, July 29, 
1641-Apiil 12, 1642 ; 

Captain-General, South of Trent. 

Joint Commissioner of Regency. 
25, 1641 ; 

a Governor of the Charterhouse, 

Lord Lieutenant, cos. Stafford, York, & Mont- 
gomery, (on nom. of Parlt. ), Feb. 28, 1642; 

General of the Army of the Parliament, July 1 2, 
1642-April 2, 1645; 

Colonel of a Regt. of Foot, July, 1642 ; 

Captain of a Troop of Horse, [Aug. 16], 1642 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Hereford, (for the Parlt), 
Aug. 8, 1642 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Salop, (for the Parlt.), 
Sept. 5, 1642 ; 



Aug. 



9, 1641; 
Aug. 9-Nov. 

Oct. 26, 1641 ; 



Eakl. 
Pat. 1. 

Pat. 17. 
Clise, 219. 

Pat. 10, d. 



Dom. 


cxix. 


21. 




Dom. 


clxiv. 


92. 





Dom. xi. 22. 



D'Ewes, ii. 

'74- 
Walkley, 

155 

Dom. 
ccccxii. 



Balfour, ii. 
P. C. Reg. 

Pat. 3, m. 9. 



Dugdale, 
S. V., 71. 



Pat. 6, m. 

10, d. 



Journ. C. ii. 
459- 

Ibid. 668. 



Journ. C. ii 

709. 

Ibid. ii. 752. 



6 9 6 



ESSEX. 



Colours— 'A deep yellow.' — 
Wh iteloc re, Memorials, 
p. 62. 



First Commissioner of Martial Law, (for the 

Parlt.), Aug. 16, 1644; 
a Commissioner for the offices of Lord High 

Admiral of England, & Warden of the 

Cinque Ports, April 15, 1645 > 
Recorder of Lichfield ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Stafford, Hereford, 

Warwick, Leicester, & Derby ; 

vi. (1) Lady Frances Howard, 2nd d. of Thomas, 
1st Earl of Suffolk, Jan. 5, 1606 ; (di- 
vorced, Oct., 1 613) ; 

;;; (2) Elizabeth, d. of Sir William Paulet, Knt., 
1631 ; 

d. Sept. 14, 1646. 




Earl. 

Journ. C. iii. 
59 2 - 



Ibid. iv. 112. 



oc'- 



Arms— Quarterly of 16. I., Argent, a fess gules, & in chief 3 torteaux, (Dever- 
EUX) ; II., Argent, a cross engrailed gules between 4 water-bougets sable, 
(Eourchier) ; III., France & England quarterly, a bordure argent. (Thomas 
of Woodstock); IV., (Bohun); V., (Milo of Hereford); VI., (Man- 

DEVILLE); VII., (LOUVAIN); VIII., (WYDEVILLE) ; IX., (CROXHULL) ; X., 

(Verdon); XL, (Marshal); XII., (Strongbow) ; XIII., (Ferrers); 
XIV., (Chester); XV., (Quincey) ; XVI., (Pagenel). 

Crest — Out of a coronet or, a talbot's head argent, eared & langued gules. 

Supporters —Dexter, a talbot, as the crest, ducally gorged or; Sinister, a stag 
gules, attired argent, ducally gorged with chain & ring or. 

Mcttoes— I. Virtutis comes invidia. 

2. Basis virtutum Coxstamta. 



+ 



+ 



+ 



ESSEX. 



697 



CAPEL. 

1661. Arthur Capel II., son of x\rthur, Lord Capel : Earl of Essex, Vis- 
count Maiden, & Baron Capel of Hadham. 

B. before 163 8 ; 

st. 'Mr. Capel,' 1648 ; 

succ. as 2nd Baron Capel of Hadham, March 9, 

1649; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Hertford, July 26, 1660- 

Feb., 1 68 1 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Hertford, 1660; 
cr. Viscount Maiden, & Earl of Essex, April 

20, 1661 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Essex, Hertford, 

Somerset, & Middlesex, 1661 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Wilts, Feb. 22, 1668- 

May 5, 1675; 
Ambassador Extraordinary to Copenhagen, 

Sept. 21, 1669 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, April 17, 1672- 

Aug. 24, 1677 ; 
Privy Councillor, April 17, 1672 ; 
First Lord of the Treasury, March 26-Nov. 21, 

1679; 
Privy Councillor, April 21, 1679-Jan. 24, t68i ; 
[prisoner in the Tower, July 10, 1683] ; 

///. Lady Elizabeth Percy, d. of Algernon, 10I/1 
Earl of Northumberland, [1670] ; 

d. July 13, 16S3. 




After Sir P. Lely. 



' Somewhat tall in stature, but 
slender in body, adorned 
with a comely countenance 
mixed with gravity & sweet- 
ness.'— Sir Hen. Chaun- 
cy, Hcrtfordsliire, I., 312. 



Earl. 



Pat. 



Pat. 31, d. 

Warr. Ilk. 
14. 

Warr. Ek. 
10. 

P. C. Reg. 




VOL. I. 



4U 



69S 



ESSEX. 



1683. Algernon Capel, son of Arthur : Earl of Essex, Viscount Maiden, 

& Baron Capel of Hadham. 

B. Dec. 28, 1670 ; 

st. Viscount Malden, 1 670-1 683 ; 

succ. as 2nd Earl of Essex, July 13, 1683 ; 

Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King William 

III., Sept. 29, 1691 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hertford, Jan. 13, 1692 ; 
Colonel, (4th) Regt. of Dragoons, Sept. 1, 1693; 
Colonel, Hertfordshire Regt. of Militia, [1697]; 
High Steward of Tewkesbury, May 12, 1698 ; 
Brigadier of the Foot, March 9, 1702 ; 
Deputy Earl Marshal of England, June, 1703; 
Major General, Jan. 1, 1704; 
^r\ Lieutenant-General, Jan. 1, 1707 ; 

Constable of the Tower of London, Jan. 28, 

1707; 
Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets, May 

23, 1707 ; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 25, 1708 ; 
Custos Rotulorum of St. Albans; 

m. Lady Mary Bentinck, eldest d. of William, 
Earl of Portland, Feb. 28, 1692; (d. Aug. 



Earls. 




After Sir G. Kneller : 1705. 



A well - bred gentleman, 
brown - complexioned, & 
well-shaped ; but his mouth 
is always open' (about 30), 
--J. Macky, p. 70. 



2 0, 



1726); 



d. Jan. 10, 1 7 10. 



1 7 10. William Capel, son of Algernon : Earl of Essex, Viscount Maiden, 

& Baron Capel of Hadham. 

B. 1697 j 

st. Viscount Malden, 1697-1710; 

succ. as 3rd Earl of Essex, Jan. 10. 1710 ; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to George, Prince of 

Wales, Feb. 15, 17 19 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hertford, Aug. 18, 1722 ; 
K.T., Feb. 2, 1725 ; 
High Steward of Tewkesbury, [1725]; 



Signet. 



Mil. Bk. 



MS. Eger- 
ton, 1626. 
P. C. Reg. 

Mil. 1!!;. 5. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 7. 

Mil. Ent. 
Bk. q. 



Gaz. 



ESSEX. 



699 



Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 

July 24, 1727 ; 
Keeper of Hyde Park, Feb. 28, 1728-Dec. 4, 

1739; 
er. LL.D. of Cambridge, April 25, 1728: 

Envoy Extraordinary, & Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Turin, March n, 1 731 -April 29, 1732; 

Ambassador Extraordinary, & Plenipotentiary to 
Turin, April 29, 1732-Jan. 22, 1737 ; 

Privy Councillor, Feb, 12, 1735 ; 

F.R.S., Nov. 17, 1737; 

K.G., Feb. 20, 1738; 

a Governor of the Foundling Hospital, Aug. 7, 

1739 ; 

Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Dec. 4, 

J 739; 
Chief Ranger & Keeper of St. James's Park & 

the Mall ; 

m. (1) Lady Jane Hyde, yd d. of Henry, 4.H1 
Earl of Clarendon, Nov. 27, 17 18 ; 

111. (2) Lady Elizabeth Russell, d. of Wriothesley, 
2nd Duke of Bedford, Feb. 3, 1726; 

d. Jan. 8, 1743. 



1743. William Anne Holles-Capel, son of William (2) : Earl of Essex, 

Viscount Maiden, & Baron Capel of Hadham. 

B. Oct. 7, 1732 ; 

st. Viscount Malden, 1732-1743; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Essex, Jan. 8, 1743 ; 

Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II., 

March 17, 1755; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hertford, Oct. 12, 1764-Feb. 28, 1771 ; 
Master of the Stag Hounds, [i779]-May, 

1782 ; 
Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III., 

May 25, 1782 ; 

m. (1) Frances, d. 6° co-h. of Sir Charles Han- 
bury Williams, K.B., Aug. 1, 1754; 
4 u 2 



Earls. 



Warr. Bk. 
17- 



Signet. 
Warr. Bk. 



Warr. Bk. 

21. 

Appmt. Bk. 
95- 



Appmt. Bk. 
95- 



700 



ESSEX. 



m. (2) Harriet, d. of Colonel Thomas Bladen, 
March 3, 1767; 

d. March 5, 1799. 



1799. George Capel-Coningsby, son of William Anne Holies (1) : Earl of 

Essex, Viscount Maiden, & Baron Capel of 
Hadham. 

B. Nov. 13, 1757 ; 

st. Viscount Malden, 1757-1799 ; 

educ. Corpus Christi Coll., Cambridge ; 

M.A., of Cambridge, 1777 ; 

took the name of Coningsby ; 

M. P., Westminster, 1779-1780; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Middlesex, June 23, 

1779; 
Captain, Hertfordshire Regt. of Militia, July 

i5» x 779; 
Captain - Lieutenant, Herefordshire Regt. of 

Militia, April 12, 1781 ; 

M.P., Lostwithiel, 17S1-1784; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hereford, Dec. 17, 1782; 

M.P., Oakhampton, 1784-1790; 

Captain, Herefordshire Regt. of Militia, Aug. 4, 

1793-Aprii, 1795 ; 

Major, do., May 31, 1796 j 

M. P., Radnor, 1796-1799 ; 

Lieutenant - Colonel, Herefordshire Regt. of 

Militia, Aug. 25, 1796-July, 1799; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Essex, March 5, 1799 ; 
Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotulorum, co. 

Hereford, March 24, 1802-Aug., 181 7 ; 
Recorder & High Steward of Leominster, June, 

1802 ; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, July 3, 1S10 ; 
F.R.S. ; 
m. (1) Sarah, {Airs. Stephenson), d. of Henry 

Bazett, Esq., June 6, 1786 ; 

7ii. (2) Catherine, d. of Mr. Edward Stephens, 

1838; 

d. April 23, 1839. 



Eakls. 




After J. Hoppner. 



1 78 1. — 'Gallant, goodnatured, 
lively, & handsome — for 
although rather diminutive, 
he had a light well-formed 
person, & a face of almost 
girlish beauty.' — Le Mar- 
chant, Memoir of Earl 
Spencer, p. 27, n. 






ESSEX. 



701 



1839. Arthur Algernon Capel, nephew of George : Earl of Essex, Vis- 
count Maiden, & Baron Capel of Hadham. 

B. Jan. 28, 1803 ; 

st. Arthur Algernon Capel, Esq., 182 1- 

1839; 
succ. as 6th Earl of Essex, April 23, 1839 ; 

took the name of Capell, instead of Capel, 

July 23, 1880; 

in. (1) Lady Catherine Eeauclere, yd d. of 
William, 8th Duke of St. Albans, July 14, 
1825 ; (d. Aug. 22, 1862) ; 

m. (2) Lady Louisa Carolina Elizabeth Boyle, 
sister of Richard Edmund, gth Earl of 
Cork, June 3, 1863 ; (d. May 5, 1876) ; 

m. (3) Louisa, d. of Charles Fieschi Heneage, 
Esq., 6° widow of Gen. Lord George Paget, 
April 25, 1881. 

i 



Earl. 



Arms — Gule?, a lion rampant, between three cross-crosslets fitchee or. 
Crest — A demi-lion rampant, supporting a cross-crosslet fitchee or. 
Supporters — Two lions or, ducally crowned gules. 
Motto — Fide et fortitudine. 



' Prsestantissimus vir.' — GuiL. 
Pictavensis, Gesta Gail- 
lelmi Ducis 6~Y., p. 91. 



EU. 



EU. 

[1054.] Robert de Eu, son of William I., Count of Eu : Count of Eu, in 

Normandy; Lord of Hoo, & the Rape of 
Hastings. 

B. before 1034; 

succ. as 2nd Count of Eu, in Normandy ; 
Councillor to William, Duke of Normandy ; 
Castellan of Hastings, by King William I. ; 
Commander in Lindsey & the Eastern Counties, 

1069; 
Lord of Hoo, co. Sussex, & Buchesworth, co. 

Huntingdon, [1086]; 

;;/. Beatrix de ; 

d. about 1090. 



[1 193.] William de Eu II., 2nd son of Robert : Count of Eu, in Normandy ; 

& Lord of Hastings. 

B. before 1050; 
Knight ; 

St. 'WlLLELMUS DE Ow,' I086; 

Lord of 51 Manors in England, [1086]; 
succ. as 3rd Count of Eu, about 1090; 
Lord of Hastings, 
did homage to King William II., 1193 ; 

in. He/isende, sister of Hugh d'Avrane/ies. Earl of 
Chester ; 

blinded, Jan., 1096. 



[1104.] Henry de Eu I., son of William II. : Count of Eu, in Normandy; 

& Baron of Hastings. 



Co V NTS, 

Earls. 



Gul. Pictav. 
p. 91. 
Domesday 
Bk. 

Orderic, I. 
iv. c. 5. 



Domesday 
Bk. 



Domesday 
Bk. 

Ibid. 



Flor. 

Wigorn. ii. 
33- 



EU. 



7°3 



B. before 1084; 


Earls. 


Knight ; 




succ. as 4th Count of Eu, before 11 04; 




Lord of Hastings ; 




Commander in the Royal Army, (Bre'mule), 




Aug. 20, 1 1 19 ; 


Orderic, 1. 
xii. c. 18. 



took the Cross ; 

Crusader ; 

Founder of Foucarmont Abbey, Eu, 1130; 

took the Cistercian habit at Foucarmont ; 

m. Margaret, d. of William, Lord of Sollei, 
eldest son of Stephen, Count of Blois ; 

d. July 12, 1 140. 



[1140.] John de Eu, son of Henry I. : Count of Eu in Normandy ; & Baron 

of Hastings. 

B. before 1 120; 

succ. as 5th Count of Eu, before 1140; 

Lord of Hastings ; 

took the Cistercian habit at Foucarmont ; 

m. Alice de Albiney, d. of William, 1st Earl of 

Arundel; (el. n 54); 

d. 1 1 70. 



1 170. Henry de Eu II., son of John : Count of Eu, in Normandy, & Baron 

of Hastings. 

B. before n 50; 

succ. as 6th Count of Eu, 1 1 70 ; 

Baron of Hastings ; 

m. Ma tilde, d. of William Marshal (1) ; 

d. 1 1 83. 



1 183. Raoul de Eu, son of Henry II. : Count of Eu, in Normandy; & 

Baron of Hastings. 



B. about 1 180; 

succ. as 7th Count of Eu, 1183; 



d. 1 186. 



7°4 


EU. 




1 1 86. Alix de Eu, sister of Raoul : Countess of Eu. 


Eari.s. 




succ. as Countess of Eu, nS5; 




Arms — Barry, a label of 8 
points. 

Seals, 1225 & 1241. 


d. 1245. 




+ 


+ + 
EXOUDUN. 




[1197]. Raoul de Exoudun I., 5th son of Hugh VIII., Lord of Lusignan : 






Count of Eu, in Normandy ; Lord of Melle, 






Chisay, & Civray, in Poitou ; Baron of Hastings, 
& Lord of the Honour of Tickhill. 






B. before 11 72 ; 






Knight ; 






Crusader, 119c; 

succ. as Count of Eu, before Oct. 16, 1197; 






Baron of Hastings ; 






restored Lord of the Honour of Tickhill, 




Arms— Barry, a label of 5, or 
8, points. 

Seals. 


May 26, 1 2 14; 
Joint Procurator to treat with France, April 28, 

1216 ; 
Crusader, 1218; 


Pat. m 17. 
Pat. m. 2. 


1 Burule d'argent & d'azur, a 
un lambelde trois pendans.' 
— Anselme, III., p. 82. 


m. Alix, Countess of Eu, d. &> h. of Henry II, 
Count of Eu, 1 200 ; 

d. (before May 1), 12 19. 




1 2 19. Raoul de Exoudun II., son of Raoul I. : Count of Eu, in Nor- 






mandy, & Baron of Hastings ; Lord of Melle, 






Chisay, & Civray, in Poitou. 






B. about 1 201 ; 






succ. as Count of Eu, before Dec, 1219; 






Baron of Hastings ; 

deprived of his honours in England, after 1230. 




+ 


+ + 







EU. 


705 




BOURCHIER. 


Earls. 


1419- William Bourch 


ier, nephew of John, 2nd Lord Bourchier : Earl of 
Eu, in Normandy 

B. before 13S6 ; 

Knight, before 1406; 

Ambassador to Denmark, 1409 ; 

Lord of the Castle, Town, Lordship, & Manor 

ofOkeham, Dec. 1, 1414; 
Joint Ambassador to France, Dec. 7, 1414; 
Constable of the Tower of London, Nov. 26, 


Issue Roll. 
Pat. 3, m 

24- 

Pat. 2, m. 




l 4 I 5 'y 

Keeper of the Manor of Hermanville, Sept. 26, 

1417 ; 

Captain of the Town of Dieppe, Feb. 12, 1419; 
cr. Earl of Eu, in Normandy, June 10, 1419 ; 


23- 

R. Norm. 
m. 1. 

R. Norm. 2, 
m. 32. 




m. the Lady Anne Planfagenet, d. of Thomas of 
Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, widow of 
Edmund, Earl of Stafford, 1406 ; 






d. May 28, 1420. 




1420. Henry Bourchier, son of William : Earl of Eu, in Normandy, Vis- 
count & Baron Bourchier. 








B. 1406 ; 

succ. (de Jure), as 2nd Earl of Eu, May 28, T420; 

Knight, (by King Henry VI.), May 19, 1426 ;. 

succ. as 6th Baron Bourchier, July 1, 1433 • 

surarn. to Park, as Earl of Eu, July 5, 1435; 

cr. Viscount Bourchier, 1446 ; 

summ. to Parlt. as Viscount Bourchier, Dec. 

14, 1446 ; 
cr. Earl of Essex, June 30, 1461 ; 


Leland, Coll. 
ii. 490. 




mm 


DDDD 
DDDD 




DDDDD 
DDDD 


DDDD 
y DDDD 


&% 






^7 




Njddd 


From his seal. 




see title Essex. 




' Quartlly syllver, a cro; 
gowlys, bellete golk 


;se engraylyd ' (gules) ' bytwene iiij bowgys sabyll ; (&) 
1, & a fece syllver.' 

MS. Lansd. 858. 




+ 


+ + 






VOL. I. 




4 x 





706 



E VERSLE Y. 



EVERSLEY. 



SHAW-LEFEVRE. 

T857. Charles Shaw-Lefevre, son of Charles Shaw-Lefevre, Esq. : Vis- 
count Eversley of Heckfield. 

B. Feb. 22, 1794 ; 

educ. Winchester, & Trinity Coll., Cambridge ; 

B.A., of Cambridge, 18 15 ; 

M. A., of Cambridge, 1819; 

Barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 18 19 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel, North Hants Regt. of Yeo- 
manry, April 27, 1823 ; 

M.P., Downton, 1830-1831 ; 

Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant, Hants Regt. 
of Yeomanry, Feb. 19, 1831; 

M.P., co. Hants, 1831-1832 ; 

M.P., North Hants, 1832; 1835; 1837; 1841; 
1847; & 1S52-1857; 

Speaker of the House of Commons, May 27, 
1839-1857; 

a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn, May 29, 1839; 

Privy Councillor, June 3, 1839; 

an Official Trustee of the British Museum, 
1839-1857 : 

Second Commissioner of Church Estates, Aug. 
24, 1850; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Hants, March 7, 1854; 

cr. Viscount Eversley of Heckfield. April n, 

1857; 
Governor & Captain-General of the Isle of 

Wight, Oct. 31, 1857; 
Governor of Carisbroke Castle, Oct. 31, 1857; 
a Trustee of the British Museum, March 27, 

1858; 
cr. D.C.L. of Oxford, June 16, 1858; 



Viscount. 



an Ecclesiastical Commissioner for England, 
Aug. 2, 1859 ; 

Yeomanry Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, & 
Colonel, Feb. 3, i860 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, June 3, 1864 ; 

Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel, Hants Regt. of Yeo- 
manry, June 16, 1868; 

a Governor of Wellington College ; 

m. Emma Laura, 2nd d. of Samuel Whitbread, 
Esq., of ' Southill, co. Bedford, June 24, 1S17. 



1 



Arms — Sable, a chevron argent, between 2 trefoils slipped, in chief, & a bezant, in 
base, therefrom issuant a cross patee or. 

Crest — Six arrows interlaced saltirewise 3 & 3 proper, within an annulet or. 

Supporters — Two talbots, the dexter, gules, the sviister, sable, each charged on 
the shoulder with a mace erect or. 

Motto— Sans changer. 



Viscount. 



EXETER. 



REV7ERS. 



H- 



see title Devon. 



+ 



HOLAND. 

1397- John de Holand L, 3rd son of Thomas, 1st Earl of Kent : Duke of 

Exeter, Earl of Huntingdon, Lord of North- 
wich, Hope, & Hopedale. 

B. after 1350 ; 

Lord & Bailli of Marransin, in Aquitaine, Sept. 

17, 1380; 
K.G., (after April 21), 13S1 ; 
Chief Justice of Chester, May 6, 1381 ; 
Chief Justice of Chester & Flint, Aug. 25, 

1381-Sept. 28, 1385 ; 
Jo'nt Commissioner to treat with France, Nov. 

4, i3 8 3 ; 
Joint Commissioner to treat with Flanders, 

Nov. 4, 13S3 ; 

Constable of the English Army, (Spain), 13S6- 

1387 ; 

cr. Earl of Huntingdon, June 2, 13S7 ; 
Constable of Tintagel Castle, Jan. 6, 1389 ; 
Admiral of the West, May 18, 13S9; 
Captain of the Castle & Town of Brest, June 

15. i3 8 9~ I 393 » 
Privy Councillor, [Sept. 13, 1389]; 




From MS. Harl. 1319. 



Dl'KES, 

Marquis, 

Earls, 
Marquises. 



R. Vase. m. 
13- 

Pat. 2, m. 2. 

C. R. R. 

R. Franc. 
in. 17. 

Ibid. m. 15. 

Fn>issart, x. 
124. 

Pat. 1, m. 3. 

R. Franc. 

m. 4. 

R. Franc, 
m. 1. 

Acrs, P. C. 
i. 11. 



EXETER. 



709 



'Vaillant homme d'armes.' 
— Froissart, Chroniques, 
XIV., p. 254. 



' II estoit ung moult beau 
prince, grant & droit, bien 
fourme de tous membres.' — 
Jean de Wauvrin, Chron- 
iques &*c, IV., p. 47. 




From his seal : (13S1). 



Joint Commissioner of Appeal, Nov. 8, 1389; 
Great Chamberlain of England, May 31, 

139°; 

Keeper of Berkhamstead Castle & Woods, 

Jan. 24, 139: ; 
Chief Justice of Chester, April 19,1391-1394; 
Admiral of the North & West, or of England, 

[i39 2 l; 
Keeper of Hareford Castle, Jan. 10, 1392 ; 

Joint Ambassador to France, Feb. 22, 1392 ; 

Ambassador to Hungary, Jan. 18, 1394 ; 

Constable of Conway Castle, Sept. 3, 1394- 

Feb. 25, 1398; 
Warden of the Town & Castle of Carlisle, & the 

West Marches towards Scotland, Sept. 15, 

139 6 ; 

Warden & Commissary General of the West 

Marches, Feb. 16, 1397 ; 
Captain & Councillor of the Roman Church, 

1397 ; 

Justice of the Peace, cos. Huntingdon, Bedford, 
Buckingham, Norfolk, Surrey, Sussex, Corn- 
wall, Cumberland, & Westmoreland, 1397; 

cr. Duke of Exeter, Sept. 29, 1397 ; 

Justice of the Peace, City of Coventry, Sept. 

3°, 1397 ; 
Captain of the Town & New Tower of Calais, 

& Lieutenant in the Town & Marches, & 

the Parts of Picardy, Flanders, & Artois, 

Feb. 24, 139S ; 
deprived of the Dukedom, Oct. 6, 1399 ; 

m. the Lady Elizabeth, 2nd d. of j^oh/i of Ghent, 
Duke of Lancaster (2), [1387]; 

beheaded, Jan. 15, 1400. 



Arms — England, a bordure azure, charged with 14 fieurs de lys or : impaling 
(1397) on the dexter side, the arms assigned to St. Edward the Confessor, 
viz. --Azure, a cross fleurie between 5 martlets or, differenced by a label 
argent. 



+ 



+ 



Pat. 


1, 


m. 1 


Pat. 


3i 


m. 


13- 






Pat. 


2, 


m. 


37- 
Pat. 


2, 


m. 


24. 






Pat. 


2, 


d. 


Pat. 


2, 


m. 


3i- 
R. Fra 


nc. 


m. 7. 

R. Franc. 


m. 11. 




Pat 


1 


m. 


12. 






R. Scot. m. 


3- 







Ibid m. 2. 

An. Ric. II., 
p. 200. 



Pat. 1, d. 



R. Franc, 
m. 6. 



710 



EXETER. 



1416. 




BEAUFORT. 

Thomas de Beaufort, 3rd nat. son of John of Ghent : Duke of 

Exeter, Earl of Dorset & Harcourt, Lord of 
Quatremarres, Routot, & Lillebonne. 

B. about 1377 ; 

legitimated, Feb. 6, 1397 ; 

st. 'Thomas Beaufort, Esq./ July 6, 1397; 

Captain of the Castle of Calais, April 1, 1400- 

140.3 ; 

K.G., 1400 ; 

Captain of Ludlow Castle, [Dec. 7, 1402]; 

Joint Captain of Carmarthen, Sept. -Oct., 

1403; 
Admiral of the North, Nov. 1S, 1403 ; 

Deputy Earl Marshal of England, (for a Court 

Martial), June 6, 1404 ; 
Captain of Carmarthen, April, 1405 ; 
Captain of the Castle of Calais, July 28, 1406; 
Joint Controller in South & North Wales & 

the Marches, Dec. 26, 1406 ; 
Vice Constable of England, Aug. 12, 1407 ; 
Admiral of the North & West, Sept. 21, 1408; 
Admiral of England, Ireland, Aquitaine, & 

Picardy, July 27, 1409; 
Privy Councillor, [Aug. iS, 1409] ; 
Chancellor of England, Jan. 31, 1410-Jan. 5, 

1412 ; 
cr. Earl of Dorset, July 5, 1412 ; 
Lieutenant of the Duchy of Aquitaine, July 22, 

1413; 
Joint Ambassador to France, Dec. 7, 1414 ; 
Captain of Harfieur, Sept. 22, 1415 ; 
Lieutenant of the Duchy of Normandy, about 

Jan. 27, 1416-April 26, 1419; 
cr. Duke of Exeter, Nov. 18, 1416; 
cr. Earl of Harcourt, (in Normandy), July 1, 

1418: 
Captain of the Town & Castle of Rouen, Jan. 

*3> r 4i9 \ 



From a drawing of his Garter 
plate : MS. S.M.L. 39, in Coll. 
of Arms. 



Quarterly, France & Eng- 
land, a bordure compony 
ermine & azure. 



Crest — 'Upon a chapeau 
gules, doubled ermine, a 
lyon gardant crouned or, 
gorged with a collar com- 
pony as in the Arms.' 



'Exeter the kene.' — J. Page, 
Siege of Rouen, p. 7. 



Duke. 



R. Pari. iii. 

343- 

Pat. 1, m. 

3 2 - 



Issue Roll. 

Acts, P. C. 
i. 217. 



R. Viag m. 

19- 

Acts, P C. 

i. 252. 

R. Franc. 

m. 3. 



Pat. 1, m. 3. 

R. Viag. m. 

9- 

Pat. 2, m. 4. 



Pat. 2, m. 9. 

Acts, P. C. 
i. 320. 



R. Vase. m. 

8. 

R. Franc. 

m. 12. 

R. Franc. 

m. 3. 

R. Franc, 
m. 3. 



J. Page, p. 
42. 



EXETER. 



711 



Arms — ' After lie was created 
Duke of Exeter he changed 
his Border, into, Gobony 
Argent & Azure Flowry 
Or.' — Sandford, Geneal. 
Hist. &■"<:., p. 263. 

Badge— A portcullis or. 



+ 



Joint Special Commissioner & Envoy to treat 

with France, June 1, 1419 ; 
Captain of Conches, March 26, 1420; 
Chief Justice of Chester, Oct. 20, 1420; 
Vice - Lieutenant (for Duke of Clarence), in 

Paris, & elsewhere, Jan. 10, 142 1 ; . 
Captain of Forces in the North of England, 

1421 ; 
Privy Councillor, [Nov. 5], 1422 ; 
Councillor of Regency, [Dec. 5], 1422 ; 
Joint Tutor to King Henry VI., 1422 ; 
Chief Justice of North Wales, Feb. 5, 1423 ; 
Captain of the Castle, & Deputy-Captain of the 

Town, of Calais, [Feb. 4, 1427] ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Norfolk, Suffolk, 

Essex, Huntingdon, Dorset, & Devon ; 

m. Margaret, d. of Sir Thomas Neville, of 



Hornby, 1413 



+ 



d. Dec. 30, 1427. 



+ 



1443- 



Badges 



HOLAND. 

John de Holand II., 2nd son of John I. : Duke of Exeter, Earl 

of Huntingdon & Ivry, Lord of La Sparre. 

B. 1394 ; 

Knight of the Bath, April 8, 1413 ; 

K.G., 141 5; 

Admiral of the South & West, May 5, 1415 ; 

restored Earl of Huntingdon, before April 5, 

1416 ; 
Lieutenant of the King at sea, May 5, 141 6 ; 
Lieutenant of the King at sea, July, 141 7 ; 
Captain of Gournay, Feb. 13, 1419 ; 
Captain of Pontoise, Aug. 1-27, 1419 ; 
Constable of the Tower of London, Aug. 20, 



An ear of wheat. 
A blazing cresset, 
or fire-pot. 



1420 ; 
Captain of Melun, 1420; 
Captain of Vincennes, 1420; 



DUKE3. 

R. Norm. 1, 

m. 43. 

R. Norm. 1, 

m. 20. 

R. Norm. 2, 

m. 13. 

R. Norm. 3, 
m. 22. 

Elmham, 
163. 

R. Pari. iv. 

Acts. P. C. 
iii. 24. 

Acts. P. C. 
iii. 243. 



Issue Roll. 
Pat. m. 34. 

Pat. m. 22. 

R. Norm. 6, 
m. 32. 
R. Norm, 
m. 30. 

R. Norm. 2, 
m. 11. 

Monstrelet, 
iii. 293. 



712 



EXETER. 




From his effigy. 



< ffi •% #> •% % < £ 




Privy Councillor, March 20, 1426 ; 
Captain of Gournay & Gisors, [1 430-1 43 1] ; 
Captain of the Town and Castle of Neufchastel, 

[Dec. 26, 1430] ; 
Patron of Kersey Priory, Suffolk, [1431] ', 
Earl Marshal of England, Nov. 15, 1432-1436; 
Captain-General of an Army in France, Feb. 

18, 1433 ; 
Warden of the Lower Marches of Normandy, 

[April-July], 1433; 
Joint Ambassador to the Congress of Arras, 

July 5, 1435 ; 
Joint Warden & Commissary-General of the 

East & West Marches towards Scotland, 

July 12, 1435-1436 ; 
Admiral of England, Ireland, & Aquitaine, 

Oct. 2, 1435 ; 
Privy Councillor, Nov. 13, 1437 ; 
Lieutenant of Aquitaine, March 27, 1439; 
cr. Duke of Exeter, Jan. 6, 1 443 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Essex, Herts, Devon, 

Somerset, & Cornwall ; 

m. (1) Anne, (Stafford), Countess of March, before 

March, 1427 : 
vi. (2) Beatriz of Portugal, Countess of Arundel 

cV Surrey ; 
m. (3) Lady Anne, (Fitz- Lewes), eldest d. of John, 

yd Earl of Salisbury ; 

d. Aug. 5, 1447. 



From his seal. 

England, a bordure of 
France. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules, 
turned up ermine, a lion 
statant or, crowned azure. 



1447. Henry Holand, son of John II. (1) : Duke of Exeter, Earl of 

Huntingdon & Ivry, Lord of La Sparre & 
L'Esparrois. 

B. June 27, 1430 ; 



Dukes. 
Acts, P. C. 
iii. 224. 
Wars, ii. 425. 

MS. 21,156, 
f. 84. 

Monast. vi. 
pt. 2. 
Pat. 2, m. 



Acts, P. C. 
iv. 146. 



Wars, ii. 257. 

Acts, P. C. 
iv. 305. 



R. Scot. m. 
5- 

Pat. 1, m. 
23. 

Acts, P. C. 
vi. 3 J 3- 



EXETER. 



7*3 



^SM^t4>- 




From his seal : (1455). 



Knight, (by King Henry VI.), May 15, 1440; 
Joint Admiral of England, Ireland, &: Aquitaine, 

Feb. 14, 1446 ; 
Joint Constable of the Tower of London, Feb. 

28, 1447 ; 
succ. as 2nd Duke of Exeter, Aug. 5, 1447 ; 
Admiral of England, Ireland, & Aquitaine, & 

Captain of the Sea, Aug. 5, 1447 ; 
Constable of the Tower of London, Aug. 5-7, 

M47; 
Lord and Castellan of La Sparre & L'Esparrois, 

Sept. 9, 1448; 
Constable of the Tower of London, June 27, 

MS 1 ; 
Joint Keeper of Restormell Castle & Park, 

Nov. 14, 1452 ; 
Joint Keeper of the Manors of Restormell, Pen- 

lyn, Penknith, Tintagel, Moresk, & Tewyn- 

ton, Nov. 14, 1452 ; 
Joint Keeper of Tintagel Castle, Nov. 14, 

145 2 ; 

Joint Warden of Lostwithiel & Camelford, 

Nov. 14, 1452 ; 
Chief Commissioner of Array, in cos. Devon & 

Cornwall, Sept. 5, 1458 ; 
Constable of Fotheringhay Castle, Dec. 19, 

M59 ; 
attainted, Nov. 4, 146 1 ; 

m. the Lady Amic, eldest d. of Richard, Duke of 
York, (before July 30), 1447 ; (divorced, 
Nov. 12, 1472) ; 

found dead in the sea, 1473. 



Arms — Gules, 3 lions passant gardant or, a bordure azure semee of fleurs de lys of 
the second. 

Crest — On a chapeau gules turned up with ermine, a lion statant gardant or, 
gorged with a plain collar charged with 3 fleurs de lys. 

Supporters — Two heraldic animals like lions, except the heads, (which have 
tapering horns inclining forward, pointed ears, & snouts), each gorged with a 
plain collar with chain & ring. 



+ 



VOL. I. 



+ 

4 y 



+ 



Duke. 

Gregory, 
182. 

Pat, 1. m. 
16 



Pat. 1, m. 6. 



R. Vase. m. 



Trevelyan 
Prs. pt. i. 63. 



Ibid. 
Pat. 1, d. 
Pat. m. 6. 



7M 



EXETER. 



COURTENAY. 

1525. Henry Courtenay II., son of William, 10th Earl of Devonshire : 

Marquis of Exeter, Earl of Devonshire, & 
Baron Courteney of Okehampton & Plympton. 

B. about 1498 ; 

succ. as nth Earl of Devonshire, June 9, 

15 11 '■> 
restored in blood, Dec., 15 12 ; 

Second Captain of a Man of War, 15 13 ; 

Privy Councillor, [May, 1520]; 

Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, [July, 1520] ; 

K.G., April 15, 152 1 ; 

Keeper of Birling Manor & Parks, Bailiff of the 
Manor, & Master of the Hunt, April 28, 
1522 ; 

Steward of the Honour of Wynkeley, or Glou- 
cester Fee, April 3, 1523 ; 

Chief Steward & Supervisor of the Lands of the 
Duchies of Exeter & Somerset, & Master 
of the Hunt therein, April 3, 1523 ; 

High Steward of the Duchy of Cornwall, Lord 
Warden of the Stannaries, Keeper of Mere 
Park, & Rider & Master Forester of the 
Forest of Dartmoor, May 26, 1523 ; 

Constable of Windsor Castle, & Keeper of the 
Parks & Warrens, April, 1525 ; 

cr. Marquis of Exeter, June 18, 1525 ; 

Joint Special Commissioner, Orator, Deputy, & 
Envoy to treat with France, Aug. 28, 

15-5 ; 

Privy Councillor to attend the King, after 
Sept. 29, 1525; 

Lieutenant & Deputy of the Order of the 
Garter, May 17, 152S; 

a Commissioner to depose the Queen, (Katha- 
rine of Aragon), April 9, 1533; 

Commissioner of Array in the Stannaries, cos. 
Devon & Cornwall, Oct. 6, 1534; 



Marquis. 



R. Pari. vi. 
App. ii. 

S. P. 3977- 
MS. Titus. 
B. 1. 

S. P. S94 & 
901. 



Pat. 



Pat. 2, m. 24. 



Ibid. 



Pat. 1, m. 7. 



Pat. 3. 



Foed. xiv.56. 



MS. Vcsp. 
c. xiv. f. 234. 



Wrioth. i. 18 



Pat. i, m. 6 
d. 



EXETER. 



7*5 



High Steward of Brewton Abbey, [1535]; 
High Steward of Buckfast Abbey, [1535] ; 
High Steward of Plympton Priory, [1535] ; 
High Steward of Buckland Abbey, [1535] ; 
High Steward of St. Germans Priory, [1535] ; 
Commander in the Royal Army, Oct., 1536 ; 
Chief Steward of the Bishopric of Exeter, [Nov, 

3, 1536]; 
Lord High Steward of England, for trial of the 

Lords Darcy & Hussey, May 15, 1537 ; 
Chief Commissioner for trial of Sir Thomas 

Percy, May 16, 1537; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Devon, Somerset, 

Cornwall, Kent, & Surrey ; 

( 1 ) Elizabeth Grey, d. &* h. of John, 2nd 
Viscount Lisle, after June 1, 15 15; 

(2) Gertrude Blount, d. of William, qth 
Baron Mountjoy, Oct. 25, 15 19; 

beheaded, Jan. 9, 1539. 



Marquis. 
Valor. Eccl. 
i. 15°- 
Ibid. ii. 369. 

lb. 376. 
lb. 379. 
lb. 405. 



m 



m 



Wrioth. i. 62. 




Arms— Quarterly. I., Quarterly, France modern, & ENGLAND, within a bordure 
also quarterly, gules & azure, charged in the first & fourth with 6 lioncels, & in 
the second & third with 6 fleurs de lys, all or ; II. & III., Or, 3 torteaux, 

COURTENAY ; IV., REVIERS. 

Crests — 1. An earl's coronet or, issuing therefrom a plume of featheis argent. 
2. A falcon (or eagle) rising from a faggot or. 

Supporters — Two boars argent, crined or. 



+ 



4- 



4 Y 2 



+ 



7 16 



EXETER. 



CECIL. 



i6o= 



Earl of 




Lord 
1569- 



Thomas Cecil, eldest son of William, Lord Burghley: 

Exeter, & Baron of Burghley. 

B. May 5, 1542 j 

st. Thomas Cecil, Esq., 1560-1575; 
M.P., Stamford, 1563-1565 > & 157* 5 
Captain of a 'Band' of Horse, (the 
President's Guard), in the North, 

!57o; 
Bailiff of the Lordship of Collyweston, &: 
Keeper of the Manor & Park, Aug. 13, 

1571 ; 

ex. M.A. of Cambridge, Aug. 30, 157 1 ; 
M.P., Stamford, 1572-1581 ; 
Knight, (by Queen Elizabeth), July 18, 1575 ; 
Keeper of Kirkbye Park, Jan. 29, 1576 ; 
High Sheriff, co. Northampton, 1578; 
Captain of Horse, (Low Countries), 1585 ; 
Governor of the Brill, (Zeeland), Nov. 9. 1585- 

1587; 
M.P., co. Lincoln, 1585-1586 ; & 1586-1587 ; 
Custos Brevium in the Common Pleas, [1586]; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lincoln, [Dec, 1587]; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Northampton, [1588]; 
Colonel of the Kent & Surrey Regts. of Foot, 

158S; 
M.P., co. Northampton, 1592-1593 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Northampton, [1594]; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Lincoln, [1594] ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Rutland, [1594] J 
suce. as 2nd Baron Burghley, Aug. 4, 1598 ; 
High Steward of the Honour of Bolingbroke, 

Oct. 14, 1598 ; 
Constable of Rockingham Castle, & Warden of 

Rockingham Forest, Dec. 25, 1598 ; 
Lord President of the Council of the North, 

Au S- 3, !599-Sept. 19, 1603; 



After Jansen. 



Lord Lieutenant, co. York, 
l ; 1603 ; 



Dec. 9, 1599-Aug. 



Earls. 



Padler, ii. 
436. 



Pat. 4. 

C. H. C. ii. 

278. 



Lane. Bk. 
ib. 



Cecil, 783. 
Do m. ccvi. 



Pat. 17. 



Lane. Bk. 
16. 



Docquet. 

Dom. cclxiii. 
7- ' 



EXETER. 



717 



Colonel-General of the Foot, (London), Feb. 8, 

1601 ; 
K.G., April 23, 1 60 1 ; 
Privy Councillor, May n, 1603 ; 
Lord Almoner of England, for Coron. of King 

James I., July 25, 1603 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Northampton, Aug. 8, 

1603 ; 
cr. Earl of Exeter, May 4, 1605 ; 
Joint Commissioner to restore c the Cautionary 

Towns' to Holland, May $1, 16 16 ; 
Joint Commissioner to expel Jesuits & Seminary 

Priests, June 23, 1618 ; 
Joint Commissioner for Ecclesiastical Causes, 

April 29, 1620 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Surrey, Rutland, Lin- 
coln, & Northampton ; 

m. (1) Dorothy Neville, d. O co.-h. of John, 
4th Lord Latimer, Nov. 27, 1564 ; 

m. (2) Frances (Brydges), Lady Smith, d. of 
William, 4th Lord Chandos ; 

d. Feb. 7, 1623. 




1623. 



"William Cecil, son of Thomas (1) : Earl of Exeter, & Baron of 

Burghley. 

B. about 1570; 

Joint High Steward of the Honour of Boling- 
broke, Oct. 14, 1598 ; 

Knight, (by King James I.), April 17, 1603 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Nottingham, 1603; 

Joint Chief Forester of tlie Forest of Rocking- 
ham, Aug. 18, 1603 • 



Earls. 
R. Cecil, 67. 



Docquet. 

Cabala, i. 
191. 

Feed. vii. 65. 

Pat. 9, d. 



Duchy Bk. 

16. 

MS Claud. 

C. iii. 

Pat. 14, d. 



Docquet. 



7i8 



EXETER. 



st. Lord Burghley, 1605-1623 ; 
Custos Rotulorum, co. Lincoln, Jan. 8, 16 19; 
succ. as 2nd Earl of Exeter, Feb. 7, 1623 ; 
Warden of the Forest of Rockingham, Feb. 7, 

1623 ; 
Keeper of Kirkbye Park, Feb. 7, 1623 • 
High Steward of the Honour of Bolingbroke, 

Feb. 7, 1623 • 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Northampton, Feb. 27, 

1623 ; 
Privy Councillor, Dec. 14, 1626 ; 
K.G., April 18, 1630 ; 

a Commissioner to exercise Ecclesiastical Juris- 
diction in England and Wales, Dec. 17, 

1633 ; 
Justice of the Peace, cos. Lincoln, Nottingham, 

& the North, East, & West Ridings, co. 

York. 

m. (1) Lady Elizabeth Manners, (Baroness Roos. 
1587,) only d. of Edward, yd Earl of Rut- 
land, 1589; (d. April .12, 1591) ; 

;//. (2) Elizabeth, sister & co.-h. of Sir Robert 
Drury. Knt. ; 

d. July, 1640. 




Arms — Quarterly of 6. I. & VI., Barry of 10 argent & azure, 6 escocheons sable, 
each charged with a lion rampant of the first, (Cecil) ; II., Per pale gules & 
azure, a lion rampant argent holding a tree vert, (Winston); III., Sable a 
plate between 3 towers, 2 & 1, argent, (Caerlyon) ; IV., Argent, on a bend 
cottised gules, 3 cinquefoils or, (Eckington) ; V., Argent, a chevron between 
3 chess-rooks ermine, (Walcote). 

Crest — ■> 



Supporters— \ 
Motto — ' 



See p. 724. 



Earl. 
Pat. 10, d. 



Lane. Ind. 

Lane. Ind. 

Pat. 16. 
P. C. Reg. 



Dom. cclii, 



EXETER. 



719 



1640. David Cecil, nephew of William : Earl of Exeter, & Baron of 

Burghley. 

B. before 1606 ; 

st David Cecil, Esq., [1640] ; 
M.P., Peterborough, 1640 ; 
succ as 3rd Earl of Exeter, July, 1640.; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Rutland, (on nom. of 
Parlt.), Feb. 28, 1642 ; 

in. Lady Elizabeth Egerton, yd d. of ^jTohn, \st 
Earl of Bridgewater ; 

d. April iS, 1643. 



1643. John Cecil I., son of David : Earl of Exeter, & Baron of Burghley. 

B. before 1630 ; 

st. Lord Burghley, 1640-1643; 

succ. as 4th Earl of Exeter, April 18, 1643; 

Recorder of Stamford, 1660-Dec, 1676; 

Justice of the Peace, co. Lincoln, 1660 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Northampton, July 30, 

1660-July 5, 1673 ; 
Keeper of the West Hay & Woods in the 

Bailiwick of Cliffe, Rockingham Forest, 

Nov., 1660 ; 
Lord Lieutenant, co. Northampton, (Eastern 

Division), July 5, 1673 ; 

m. (1) Lady Era /ices Manners, eldest d. of ^o/in. 

Stli Earl of Rutland ; 
m. (2) Lady Mary {Palmes), 4I/1 d. of Mild/nay, 

2nd Earl of Westmoreland ' ; 

d. Feb., 1678. 



Earls. 



Journ. II. of 
C, ii 459- 




Pat. 



Docquet Bk. 



Warr. Bk. 

16. 



720 



EXETER. 



1678. John Cecil II., son of John I. (1) : Earl of Exeter, & Baron of 

Burghley. 

B. about 1645 ; 

st. Lord Burghley, [i64q]-i678 ; 

Deputy Lieutenant, co. Northampton, March, 

1670; 
M.P., co. Northampton, 1675-167S; 
succ. as 5th Earl of Exeter, Feb., 1678 ; 
Keeper of the Westhay & Woods, in the Baili- 
wick of Cliffe, in Rockingham Forest ; 
Recorder of Stamford, 16S2-1686; 
^ Lord High Almoner of England, Coron. of 




-\ 



King James II., April 21, 16S5; 



After Sir P. Lely. 



m. Anne Cavendish, dowager-Lady Rich, only d. 
of William, yd Earl of Devonshire ; 

d. Aug. 29, 1 7 co. 



Earls. 



Mil. Ent. 
Bk. 



1700. John Cecil III., son of John II. : Earl of Exeter, & Baron of 

Burghley. 

B.July, 16..; 

st. Lord Burghley, [1695]-! 700; 

M.P., co. Rutland, 1695 ; & 1698-1700 ; 

Custos Rotulorurc, Soke & Liberty of Peter- 
borough, March 10, 1697 ; 

Recorder of Stamford, Nov. 18, 1697; 

succ. as 6th Earl of Exeter, Aug. 29, 1700 ; 

Chief Butler of England, for Coron. of Queen 
Anne, April 22, 1702 ; 

Custos Rotulorum, co. Northampton, Oct. 27, 
1712-1715 ; 

Lord Lieutenant, co. Rutland, Nov. 14, 1712- 
Sept, 1715 1 

m. (1) Anuabella Ben net, d. of John, 1st Lord 
Ossulston, Feb. 2, 1697 ; 

in. (2) Elizabeth, d. of Sir John Broivnlow, 
Bart., Sept , 1699 ; 

d. Dec. 31, 1 721. 



Pat. 4 




Warr. 


Bk. 


27. 




P. C. 


Re- 



Pat. 



Pat. 



EXETER. 



721 



1721. John Cecil IV, son of John III. (2) : Earl of Exeter, & Baron of 

Burgh ley. 

B. 1700 ; 

st. Lord Burghley, 1 700-1 72 1 ; 
succ. as 7th Earl of Exeter, Dec. 21, 1721; 
Keeper of the Westhay Walk in the Bailiwick 
of Cliffe, Rockingham Forest ; 

d. April 9, 1722. 

1722. Brownlow Cecil I., brother of John IV. : Earl of Exeter, & Baron 

of Burghley. 

B. 1701 ; 

st. Hon. Brownlow Cecil, 1 701-1722 ; 

M. P., Stamford, 1722; 

succ. as 8th Earl of Exeter, April 9, 1722 ; 

Recorder of Stamford ; 

Keeper of the Westhay Walk in the Bailiwick 

of Cliffe, Rockingham Forest ; 
Lord High Almoner of England, for Coron. of 

King George II., Oct. n, 1727 ; 
Deputy Lieutenant, co. Lincoln, March 3, 

1744; 

m. Hannah Sophia, d. cV //. of Thomas Chambers, 
Esq., of Derby, J724 ; 

d. Nov. 3, 1754. 



1754. Brownlow Cecil II., son of Brownlow I. : Earl of Exeter, & Baron 

of Burghley. 

B. Sept. 21, 1725 ; 

st. Lord Burghley, 1725-1754 ; 

educ. Cambridge ; 

M.P., Stamford, 1747 ; 

M.P., co. Rutland, 1747 ; & 1754 ; 

cr. LL.D. of Cambridge, July 3, 1749; 

Lord Lieutenant & Custos Rotuloru