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Full text of "Official descriptive and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition of the works of industry of all nations, 1851 .."

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iz. Ciy^ b ""iS t. s' /. y 



Tk gift 0^ 



WILLIAM EVERETT 

TUTOR IN HARV. UNIV. 



K>Si: HARVARD COLLEGE LIB RARYJS^I 



^(gtrat f xjiibitiBn/^ tlu Wmks nf Wuirtnj nf all jgatiinui, 

1851. //<,/ 

OFFICIAL 
DESCRIPTIVE AND ILLUSTRATED 
CATALOGUE^, 



Sij Mjinriti] 
of ft 




1tlm|al 

Cammissinn. 



I!f THREE VOL UMES. 

A '2- If 
VOL. II. 

Section III.— MANUFACTURES. Ci.as5Es 11 to 2'J. 

Section IV.— FINE ARTS, Class 30. 

COLONIES. 



LONDON: 
SPICEP, BROraURS, WHOLES.iLE STATWEItS; W. CLOWES ,«« SOSS, nil.'iTEitS ; 

29 -NEW BlilDtJE STREET, BLACKEHIARS, AND AT THE E-XHIUITICN BUII-WNC. 



US-/ 




CCJ>^^*1^*iS,5^.^ 











LOWDOM* PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, 

rmiVTUM TO rsa botax. comusaioM, 

BTAM70BD STREET AKD CBARINO CROSS. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME THE SECOND. 



UNITED KINGDOM.— Classes 11 to 30. 

Page 



Sbct. III.— Manvfacturbb:— Classes 11 to 29. 

11. Cotton 479 

12 & 15. Woollen and Worsted 485 

13. Silk Velvet and 503 

14. FUx and Hemp 509 

16. Leather, Saddlery and Harness, Boots and 

Shoes, Skins, Fur, and Hair .... 517 

1 7. Paper, Printing, and Bookbinding . . . 537 

18. Woven, Felted, and Laid Fabrics, Dyed and 

Printed (including Designs) .... 553 

19. Tapestry, Carpets, Floor-cloths, Lace, and 

Embroidery 559 

20. Articles of Clothing for immediate, personal, 

or domestic use 575 

21. Cutlery, Edge and Hand Tools .... 591 
'22. General Hardware, including Locks and Grates 595 
23. Works in Precious Metals, Jewellery, &c. • 671 



24. Glass • 

25. China, Porcelain, Earthenware, &c. . . . 

26. Furniture, Upholstery, Paper Hangings, 

Decorative Ceilings, Papier Mach^, and 
Japanned Goods 

27. Manufactures in Mineral Substances, for 

Building or Decoration 

28. Manufactures from Animal and Vegetable 

Substances, not being Woven or Felted . 

29. Miscellaneous Manufactures and Small Wares 

Sect. IV. —Fine Arts '.—Class 30. 

30. Sculpture, Models, and Plastic Art, Mosaics, 

Enamels, &c 



Pikge 

697 
709 



729 

763 

777 
789 



Miscellaneous objects of interest placed in the 
Main Avenue of the Building, not classified • 



819 



847 



BKTTTSH COLONIES AND DEPENDENCIES.— Classes 1 to 30. 



Page 

Antigua 975 

Bahamas 975 

Barbadoes 971 

Bermudas . 971 

British Guiana. 976 

Canada 957 

Ceylon 937 

Channel L>land9 939 

Earit Indie8 857 

Eastern Archipelago 988 

Falkland Islands 987 

Gibraltar 947 

Gold Coast and A^hantee. . . . 955 

Grenada 976 

Ionian Ulands 947 

Jamaica 971 



Page 

Malta 943 

Mauritius 956 

Montserrat 976 

Newfoundland 971 

New BruDfiwick 969 

New South Wales .... 988 

New Zealand 1 000 

Nova Scotia . 970 

South Africa 949 

South Australia 991 

St. Helena 955 

St. Kitt'8 976 

St. Viucent 975 

Trmidad 972 

Van Diemen's Land 992 

Western Africa 952 




COTTON. 



INTRODUCTION. 

nd thinl Section of the Exhibition is introduced by this Claea, which indudes the Manufacture of 
his Section contemplates those results of human indiutry which naturally Bucceed to the Sections of 
ials and Machinery. I'he suUtaiice to be operated upon baving been considered, together with the 
assialance necessary to carry forward the processea through which it has to paw in ita progresa 
w material to the manufactured article, it now becomes an interesting study to turn attention to 
of the industry occupied in the preceding departments. While objects in the first Section may be 
in a passive or pre|jaratory state, objects in the second must be considered in an active, and in the 
omplete condition, awaiting only their application to the purposes of life. This condition generally 
articles contained within this Section less attractive than in the preceding and succeeding Sections. 
wed, however, objects in this Section must receive a degree of attentive consideration not inferior to 
ed 0:1 the former. The manufactured article may and should be regarded as tlje test of the per- 
il of the raw material constitulint; its foundation, and, secondly, of the mechanical arrangements 
! in its production. If the raw material has been wanting in any of the pri^rties for which it is 
1 the preparation, or if the manufacturing machinery has been defective in operation, the manu- 
icle offers, in many cases, certain evidence of tliese facts. And, converselv, the purity and perfect 
e material, with a slate of efficiency in tho manufacturing machinery, combine to produce a certain 
in the inannfacluro which may be generally ascertained upon its careful oiamination. 
■et of the Class more immediately under notice, the Cotton Manufacture, receives, from its vast im- 
firsl jKjsition among mnnufBcturc<l articles. It comprises — A. Cotton, Yam, and Thread; 1(. Calicoes, 
.eetin<;s, I/iug-clotlis, Shirtings, &e. ; C. Cords niid Beavertceus ; T). Muslins, as Cambric atiit 
iL-iired, Striped, &c. ; Shawls, Handkerchiefs, &c. ; E. l>imitics for Furuiturc, Quilting, &c. ; F, 
oven Cotton, Handkerchiefs, Uinglinms, *c. ; G. Oiled Calicoes, Sc. 

ihi-r of Kiliilritoni in this Class is not large, and their productions will 1* found groiijied together in 
from 1 to H, at the North-western end of the Building, on the Groimd V\ot>r, ni-nr the Nave. 
ni''thi»ls of manufaclurc are illiistratcd which must receive the notice of those concerned in this 
Ifjiartmcnt of commercial activity. The fitness of some articles, also, for the peculiar markets for 
an- s|ii-cially prcjinrcd sugiiests, even to tlie casual observer, interesting refieclions on tiie different 
iicUiions iif those fur whom these articles are manufactured. Ilicrc are several new api^licationa of 
xlile ]>ur|-(«es. Tile m(>st instnictivc parts of this collection, to thoscwho have no technical interest 
luw which cuntahi arnin^eil sfieciniens in illustration of the stages of manufacture. The manu- 
hn'ad is thus reprcsciited I'rom the raw cotton to its completed condition. A case lias also 1>een 
rranireil which cimlaius ilhistratiuns of the progress of the manufacture of cotton from the raw 
till' tiiiishwl results in the coarse and fine departments of the trade, thie of the won<lerful objects 

I this Clas* is a si>ectmFn of muslin niadc from No. ii,408 cotlo:i-yam, liclievMl tn be llic finest ever 
.11 marhiiiery could lie bronulit to the degn'e of delicate movement, and ]irrcise and occumic ndajrt- 
e slender tnatcrinls of which lliis muslin is composed, may well he considered a great industrial 

'r>- of the CTjltoii manufacture in Groat Britain presents several facts of the most wonderful doscrip- 
ptli'T manufacture rejirescnls this country in a jKisitioii so im|>ortant and influential, and in none 
.iirtiiicnt of industry uitaineil, wilhin the same interval of time, pro|>firtions so vast and r<Ontions so 

The coil'jii manufactute may lie justly rejmrded as an evidence of the mechanical capabilities of 
. . A litlle ln-fiire the comnieiiceuient of the present ccntur]- it was in its infancy. One lij' one tho 
mieal dlfticultits attetulimt ujiiin its preservation were resolved. The spinning-frame was sufsrestcd 
'■nt, spinning l>y rulh-rs was twice almndoiicd, and then successfully accomplishcil ; tlir first miilo 

an attic, the first ppliining-ji'nny in a cottage, Har,^iives and Crtaiipton were ]ioor w<nvcrs ; 

II as a Inrlier's apjirentice. The be;;inning of this stuiicndous manufaclurc was truly inaigiiificant, 
ts nunderfully with its present jiosilion. 

wiiia stalizitics fonn dala by which this mannfacturc in its present stale may lie duly esliniatcil : — 
■animal iui|">rts have been" estimated nt about 550,000,000 llw. wcidil, exclusive of d.-hicliozis for 
f this quantity oOO.OOO.O'.'O ll«. are employed in maimfacturo, tlie annual value of the law material 
.'ed being about ten millions i>t('rliiig. About thirtei'n nulllons sterling arc annually jintd away in 
[OniciAL iLLTsraiTED Catalogue.] " Q 



480 



Class 11.— COTTON. 
Areas I. J. 1 to 8. 



'"Uktted 



ini&cbfnerj, &c., for the manufacture of this material, and about the same amount in wages to the ])er8on8 
directly employed in the factories, of whom the total number is taken at upwards of half a million, exclusive 
of 80,000 or 90,000 engineers and machinists immediately connected with the manufactiu*e. The total annual 
value of the manufactured material has been approximatively represented at about thirty-six millions sterling. 
The effect on the population of the manufacturing districts has not been less suq>rising. 

Although, therefore, little of external interest appears to belong to a bundle of cotton-yam or a piece of 
calico, the study of its manufacture, exclusive of the exquisite mechanism by which it is operated upon, and 
the statistical facts which link themselves with its history, can never be unprofitable, llie moral considerations 
connected with cotton factories form a subject of even higher interest and imjwrtance. — R. E. 



1 Jackson, Johx, 73 Adam Square, Edinburgh — 

Weaver and Producer. 

1. Fine wool shawl, wove on the Spolino or loop prin- 
ciple, to show that this mode of weaving is applicable for 
figured wool shawls of the finest description. 

2. Fine wool long shawL 

3. Edinburgh-made woven shawl. 

2 Sandeman, Hector, Tulhch Bleachfield, Perth — 

Manufacturer. 
Cotton and lawn printed handkerchiefs; showing an 
improved red colour, obtained from the stalks of the 
HiJni fmmjithn, commonly called East Indian mui\jeet. 
One large bed-coverlet, in which the colours of black, red, 
and chocolate are dyed with muiyeet. 

[The Rubia cordifolia, also called Rubia mtmjitha, and 
by the natives of India mungedth, is a species of madder, 
furnishing a fine dye, much used in the hill districts of 
India.— E. F.] 

3 Wauleii, Jambs & Robert, EarUtown, Melrose 

— Manufacturers. 
Cotton ginghams for female dresses, of fast colours; 
hand-loom wrought; yard wide. 

4 PuLiAR, Robert, 8c Sons, Perth — Manu&cturers. 

Umbrella and fancy ginghams; handkerchiefs; and 
woollen Denies. 

5 AuLD, Berrib, & Mathieson, Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 

Book muslins, several pieces, each 12 yards long, 39 
inches wide. 

Several pieces of mull muslin; jaconet muslin; bishop 
lawn muslin, all of the same dimensions. 

Saocharilla book muslui, several pieces, each 16 yards 
long, 45 inches wide. 

Tarlatan book muslin, several pieces, each 16 yards 
long, 53 inches wide. 

Saccharilla mull muslin, three pieces, each 20 yards 
long, 45 inches wide. 

Harness book muslin, 8 yards long, 40 inches wide. 
Harness book muslin curtain, 56 inches wide, 3| yards 
long; 80 inches by 4 yards long, and 80 inches by 4 
yards long. 

Leno book muslin, samples of 27 inches wide 12 yards 
long. Harness book muslin curtains. 

6 M'Bridb & Co., Glasgow — Inventors and 

Manufactiu*ers. 

Cotton table-cloths. Bird's-eye diaper and huckaback 
towelling. Fiuniture and jean stripes. Qinghams, clan 
tartans, and cotton galas, and Hungarians and Denies, 
all made by patent power-loom. 

Specimens of table-cloths and tartans, made by the 
same loom, the weft being from hemp, as prepared by 
Mr. Elgah Slock, of Renfrew, Scotland, for improving 
hemp, as a substitute for cotton. 

7 Anderson, James & Alexander, Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 
Ginghams, checked and striped. Cravats, checked 
muslin. Handkerchiefs, Turkey-red ground. Tartan 
muffler. Saxonies. 



8 FiNLAYSON, F., & Co., 25 Dmults Street, Glasgow — 

Manufacturers, 

Coloured sprig and striped lappet muslins ; white and 
coloured striped; coloured spot; coloured satin striped 
tarlatan; white sprig striped and spot lappet; coloured 
gauze striped. 

Lappet floimced muslin dresses. 

9 Lethem, Blyth, & Lethem, Friday Street, London; 

49 Virginia Street, Glasgow ; and Academy Street, 
Belfast — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of different fabrics of plain muslins, woven 
from the same quality of yam. Tamboured muslins for 
various articles of dress. Ginghams for dresses. 

10 A 45 Oswald, Stevenson, & Co., Glasgow and 

Manchester — Merchants. 

Cotton yams, of various coloiurs, dyed in the west of 
Scotland, in bundles for export. 

Cotton yams, of various qualities and fineness, spun in 
the west of Scotland, in bundles for export, arranged 
according to Manchester classification. 

Water twist. Mule twist. Fine yams. 



11 Paterson, Jamieson, & Co., 58 Dundas Street, 

G Insij w — Manufacturers. 
Ginghams and handkerchiefs of various styles and 
qualities ; fabric all cotton, hand-woven, or printed. 

12 YouNO, J. H., & Co., Glasgow — Manufacturers. 
Fabrics suited for East India markets, consisting of 

bird-eye crape, plain and fancy net, book and mull mus- 
lins, Saccharilla mull, fine Swiss lappets, white and 
coloured. 

Fabrics suited for home, American, and continental 
markets : — Picquet leno, blue ; plain amber ; checked 
pink ; and striped green. Book muslin and Scotch lawn 
cambric handkerchiefs. Victoria, bishop, and Nainsook 
lawns. Jaconets. Swiss mulls. India mulls. India 
book muslins; Swiss book muslins. Tarlatan. Scotch 
elastic mull. Starched mull. India ledger. Checked 
book ; striped book ; tamboured book ; tamboured jaco> 
net. Lappet spot. White and pink spot, lappet stripe. 
Loom-sewed spot, white and sprig, coloured ; dress made 
up of the same, with flounces. Paper harness sprig. 
Lappet sprig, stripe, and colonnade curtains. Harness 
leno ; sprig and bordered book ; and others. 

13 Henry h. Sons, 81 Buduinan Street, Glasgow, 

and 120 Cheapside — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered merino dresses. White tambour muslin 
dresses. Sprigged evening dresses, embroidered in the 
loom. Specimens of plain linen ginghams ; all exhibited 
for quality and price. 

In the embroidered merino dress marked A, there is 
only one repeat of the pattern from the bottom to the 
top of the skirt. 

14 Symington, Robert B., & Co., Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 
Harness book muslin and harness leno muslin window- 
curtains, all woven in the Jacquard loom. The design in 
called the ''Humboldt pattern/' composed of tropical 
plants and flowers. 



Class 11.— COTTON. 
Areas I. J. 1 to 8. 



4S1 



M>N, James, 8c Son, G/oa^oir— MaDufkcturers. 
woven handkerchiefs in imitation of Indian 



LSON, John & David, Giasjow — Manufacturers, 
tns of checked cotton ginghams, and checked 
vats, in various qualities and styles. 

D60N, WiLiUAM & JaMES, & Co., Gloagotc — 

Manufacturers. 
Qla book-muslin. Scotch tarlatan muslin. Tam- 
ok- muslin. 



, Henrt, & Son, 62 Queen Street, Glasgow — 

Manufacturers, 
lens of various ginghams, hand-loom woven. 



•y, Peteb, & Sons, Carlisle — Manufacturers, 
d dyed yams. Cotton checks and ginghams, 
idkerchiefe. Cotton shawls. Scarfs and robes. 
." Stripes and ** crossovers." Dyed ** selam- 
xrandvilles. Denims. Twilled stripes. " Pa- 
ta." — For home consumption and exportation. 

jriBBON, Edward, Carlisle — Manufacturer, 
ginghams, of six qualities, made principally 
aeiican trade. 



CARSON & Co., Carlisle — Manufivcturers. 

stripes, and striped and checked fancy ging- 
Uungaxians. 

rHiAN 8c Parker, Carlisle — Manufacturers. 

I of ginghams, checks, stripes, poplins, &c., for 
foreign, and colonial markets, 
of dyed yam. 

K>K, Jonas, & Brothers, Meltham Mills, 

H'uldersjield — Manufacturers. 
DS of raw cotton ; carded cotton ; different 
if rovings ; throstle yams on bobbins (patent 
lie yams in cop and hank ; sewing threads in 
and bleached, of various numbers in 2, 3, 4, 
)rd. Thread and crochet cotton wound on 



thorn, Jonathan White, Xctti/hj/inm ami 
lit J/iY/.<, B'irt'jH-ou- Trent — Munufiicturer. 

of !»ewing. knitting, and mending cotton. 
read, white, and coloured, as used by glove and 
mufacturers. 

read and doubled yams, as ui>ed for making 
ig Nottingham lace. 

i cotton, white and coloured, as used by silk and 
uufacturers. 



SH & WiNDLEV, Xottiiujkam — Manufjicturers. 

iw of thrown silk, used in the manufiicture of 
ry, and gloves. Tlie produce of India, Italy, 



ACKERAY, John. & Sons, Xotthvjham — 

MiUiuf.icturerH. 
jid white cotton g/uised hvced thread. Cotton 
dres-sed a^tton threads, in colours. Double- 
ingle cotton thread. Selvage threads. Warp- 
dad, gaesed and uugaased; and other varieties. 



£ENHALGH, IvICHARD, & SoNS, Munsfichl — 

Manufacturers, 
of doubled cotton yams, as used in the manu- 
various descriptions of lace, gloves, hosiery, 
<»ths, and for sewing and knitting. 



■i, W. S., />'jcv.>7<r — Patentee and Manufacturer, 
bibiting specimens of sewing cotton, and patent 
:ructeil to prevent imposition as regards the 
ott<in upon each. 



30 Ra WORTH 8c Company, Leicester — Manufacturers. 
Samples of six-cord and other sewing cotton. 

31 O'CONNELL, John, 27 SoiUh Main Street, Cork — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of linen and cotton ginghams. 

32 CuiRKE, J. P., King Street Mill, Leicester— 

Manufacturer. 
Patent embossed wood, metallic and other reels, con- 
taining various lengths of two, three, six, and nine-cord 
sewing cotton. Reels also shown in their different stages 
of manufacture, from the rough hazel wood and metal to 
the highly-finished reels. 

33 Evans, Walter, 8c Co., Darley Abbey, Derby — 

Manufacturers. 
Sewing cotton of various kinds, made up in different 
forms for use. 



34 Ratcuff, Mrs., Waltham Abbey — Producer, 
White knitted coimterpanes. 

35 Barlow, Oooddy, & Jones, Bolton — Manufacturers. 
Pieces of figured quilting vesting; white quilting bed- 
cover, commonly called toilet quilts; coloured quilting 
bed-cover; and white welted bed-cover, welted qiults. 

36 HoLLiNS, W., 8c Co., Pleasley Works, near Mansfield, 

Nottingham — Manufacturers. 
Merino, Cashmere, and cotton hosiery yam. The sin- 
gle and two-threads are used in the midLimd counties in 
the manufacture of hosiery, and the three-threads are 
generally bought for the Continent for knittings, and 
applied to hosiery purposes there. 

37 Martin, William, & Son, Bolton — Manufacturers. 

Damask diced and plain furniture dimity, for bed- 
hangings, curtains, &c. 

38 Cook, W. W. & J., Little ^o/f en— Manufacturers. 
Cut brocade mull, flounced dress, white, for ladies. 
Plaited brocade quilting skirts, white. Plaited brocade 

skirts, white. 

Welted brocatle Rkirts, white. Brocade stripe. Cut 
brocade mull, in the piece, white. 



;j9 Myerscough, Steel, & Co., Bolton — Manufacturers. 
Counterj>ane — bed-cover. Quilting bed-cover, com- 
monly called toilet-quilt. Fine di;uuond quilting, for 
waistcoats. 



40 Barnes, Thomas, Famioorth Cotton Mills, Bolton — 

Manufacturer. 

White Polynesian swausdown, combining fineness of 
back with considerable thickness of substance. 

Piece of moleskin in different stages, illustrating the 
progressive method of raising, dyeing, printing, and 
linishing a substitute for low woollen cloths, 

L'iece of printed moleskin, pattern designed and regis- 
tered by the exhibitor; printed by John Jackson Sc Co., 
Manchester, and finished by John Whitehea^l's (of Elton) 
patent process of i-alsing and finishing after dyeing and 
printing. 

41 Cross, J., Bolton — Mauufiicturer. 
Twilled long-cloth and shirting. 



42 Sudworth, Jobiah, y;u//<y/i— Manufacturer. 

Countei-paiie, exliibitcd for wear in 



g- 



43 Waters, J. & Co., /-'//« /-<//* strat, Manchester— 

Manufacturers. 
Small wares, knitting and reel cotton, ribbon wire, 
webbing, tai>ea, fiiuges. cott(jn- laces, bindings, &c. 

44 Christy & Sons, F'irfuhl Mills, nc tr Mauchcs!cr — 

Manufacturers. 
Royal Turkish bath-towels. 

The novelty consists in the absorbing power of the 

2 Q 2 



482 



Class 11.— COTTON. 
Abbas I. J. 1 to 8. 



[UmiD 



surface, having a plush or looped surface on both sides, 
and in the patent mode by which this is accomplished on 
one or both sides. The great softness of tlie cotton 
surface adapts it peculiarly for young children. The 
advantages of cotton towelling have been long appre- 
ciated in the Eastern baths. The linen nap or plush 
affords equal absorbency, and produces a sharper feeling 
to the skin, whilst the retaining of the cotton ground 
gives a pliancy of material which has long been a deside- 
ratum in towelling with a sharp rough surflu». Produced 
by *' Holt's Patent." The texture is applicable to shawls, 
counterpanes, and other articles. 

46 Walker, William, 13 MartdetCs Square, 

Mnnchesier — Manufacturer. 
Cotton cloth, with specimens in imitation of woollen 
l»road cloth, beavers, Witneys, &c. 



47 Cboss^ C, & Co., Corporation Street, Manchester — 

Manufacturers and Joint Patentees. 

Very wide doeskins, plushed on one side, and on both 
sidej); lambskin; shoe linings; white twill; dyed cord; 
striped everlasting. 

Specimens of various articles of wearing apparel, with- 
out scams, produced by the exhibitors' patent machinery. 

48 Johnson, Jabez, 44 Spring Gardens, Manchester — 

Manufacturer. 
White and coloured figured wove quilting for vests. 
White diamond quilting for vests. 
White and coloured bed -covers. 
White and coloured toilette covers. 



49 Major & Gill, 49 Cannon Street, Manchester — 

Manufacturers. 
Patent double coutils and nankeen for stays, consisting 
of two cloths woven together, and stitched, during the 
process of weaving, at any interval of space required for 
the various patterns of stays. 

60 Glover k Dunn, Manchester — Manufacturers. 

Calicoes, &c., with examples of cotton in various stages 
of manufacture. India jaconets. Cambric of various 
qualities. 

Fine power-loom shirtings, finubhed in imitation of linen, 
having 140 by 160 threads in the square inch. 



51 Walbibley, Henrt, Fir Miiis, Failsworth, near 

Manchester — Importer. 

Table-cloth manufactured by power. Materials — Ist, 
silk, in colours; 2nd, silk and worsted, in colours; 3rd, 
cotton and worsted, in colours; 4th, cotton only, in 
colours. In the centre is a view of the ** Exhibition 
Building," 80 inches wide, 110 long, from the official 
design by Paxton, with emblematic borders representing 
Peace and Commerce with the nations ; and a procession 
displaving the costumes of Europe, Asia, Africa, and 
Amenca, en route to the ExhibitioiL 

Specimens of figured weaving by power, in different 
fabrics. 

Woven picture, in silk and in cotton, of the " Exhibi- 
tion Building," with emblematic borders; imitation of 
engraving. 

Goose's patent Jaequard machine for producing table- 
cloths. 



62 Spencer, John, & Son, Marriott's Court, Manchester 
— ^Designers and Manufacturers. 

Cotton, white woven, fig^ured summer bed-quilt, quilted 
in the loom. 

Cotton, coloured woven, figured bed-quilt. 

Cotton, coloured woven, figured Dresden bed-quilt, 
quilted in the loom. 

Cotton, figured quilting hangings, for beds or windows; 
a new application of the fabric to this use. 

Quilting waistcoatings: white quilting figured waist- 
caat; and coloured woven quilting waistcoat — figured in 
the loom. 



63 Bazlet, Thoxas, Manehsster — Mannftctinw. 

Case, containing illustrations of the transition _ 
of the manufacture of cotton, from the nw mitanilto 
the finished results, in the ooane and fine departmsBte of 
the trade. 

[No. 1 in the case is a sample of Kew Orleam eottoB; 
No. 2, blown or cleaned cotton; No. 3, first carded; Ko. 
4, second carded; No. 5, drawing roving; Not. 6, 7, ad 
8, rovings; Nos. 9, 10, 11, and 12, cops and hanks, snils 
yams. No. 1 to fiO; Nos. 13 and 14, throstle-yani, Nos. 
10 and 30; Noe. 15 and 16, shuttle oop-mule yam, Nos. 
30 and 120; Nos. 17 and 18, hosiery yam, Nos. 5 and 50; 
Nos. 19 and 20, threefold sewing-thread, Kos. 20 and 40; 
Nos. 21 and 22, white and printed calico; Kos. 23 and 
24, white and printed fustian; No. 25, Sea Island cotton; 
No. 26, blown or cleaned cotton; No. 27, fini carded; 
No. 28, second carded; No. 29, drawing roving; Kce. SO 
to 34, rovings ; Nos. 35 to 37, mule-yam, in oops andhaoki^ 
Nos. 200, 400, and 600; No. 38, crape-yam. No. 100; 
No. 39, lace thread, two-fold. No. 200; No 40, sewii^ 
thread, three-cord, No. 200; No. 41, sewing-thread, siz- 
cord. No. 400; No. 42, sewing-thread, nine cord. He 
600; Nos. 43 to 45, white, printed, and figured Sooidi 
muslin; Nos. 46, 47, and 48, white, printed, and fignrsd 
lace.] 

54 Houldswobth, Thos., & Co., LittU Lever Street, 

Mitnchester — Cotton Spinners. 

Specimens of fine cotton yam, and of doubled yarn, or 
fine cotton lace thread, arranged in segmental compaii- 
ments. 

Specimens of the same Noe. of yam, and of thread, ia 
hanks. 

55 Johnson, Robeet, & Nephew, 95 Watlmg Street— 

Importers. 

Book-muslin for curtains, figured in the Jaoquazd loom; 
the same, new design, palm and plantain tree alteraaie. 

Leno muslin, figured. 

Swiss manufacture, for curtains, embroidered on hook* 
muslin; the same, on British net. 

Infant's long robes, and girl's frock, embroidered. 

56 Bradburt, Greatorex, Be Beall^ 6 Aidermeanbwy 

— Proprietors. 
Specimens of window curtains. 

57 Lincoln k Bevnett, 2 Sachoiile Street, Piceaditty, and 
58 Union St., Borottgh — Inventors and Maoiufactunra. 
Hats with calico foimdation. Drab hats for India, Ac 
Chess-table, &c., made of prepared calico, turned, 

carved, japanned, &c., in imitation of grained wood. 

58 Rogers, Lowrey, Holtland, k Co., 91 Wattmg 

Street — Proprietors. 
Muslins manufactiured in Scotland, denominated 
" Books," Swiss, Tarlatan, Nainsook, Mull, and Scotch 
cambric. 

59 Mair, Son, & Co., 60 Friday Street, London, and 163 

Ingram Street, Olasgow, 

Patent muslin window curtains, figured in the loom. 
The pattern and execution are obtained at reduced cost 
by a new arrangement of the Jaequard loom. 

Leno window curtain. 

Samples of muslin dresses, figured in the loom. 

Specimen of the finest plain muslin, manu&ctured from 
No. 5408 cotton yam, spun by T. Uouldsworth, Man- 
chester. Bleached by John Wallace and Co. 

Scotch needle and tamboiu* work, including embroidered 
merino and muslin dresses. 

Printed flannels, twilled bandannas, and cambric hand- 
kerchiefs. 

60 HoRBOCxsEs, Miller, k Co., 9 Bread Street 

— Manufacturers. 
Long cloths and twilled shirtinigs. 



JSGDOM.] 



Class 11.— COTTON. 
Areas I. J. 1 to 8. 



483 



J. & A,, 51 Friday Street — Producera. 

> woven muslins, for curtains. 

Complete drapery, blind and curtains of harness woven 
rasUn, allowing its adaptation for window decoration. 

Printed cotton, for furniture uses ; the colours produced 
f machine, and by machine and blocks. 

2 OwTRAM k Co., 13 Watiing Street — ^Manufacturers. 
Brocaded cottons and cotton damasks. Satin brocades 
id flush sprigged muslins. 



63 Marsland, Son, & Co., Bridge Mill, Blackfriars, 

Manchester — Manufacturers. 
Crochet and sewing cotton. 

64 Daily & Co., 9 St. James*s Place, ITampstead Road — 

Producers. 
Specimens of soiled and faded satins, dyed and em- 
bossed. 

65 Allen, R., Sackville Street, i>u6/m— Producer. 
Free labour cotton goods. 



[Thte cotton manufacture forming an important feature 
1 the commercial activity of this country, it may not be 
■int e r eati i^g to take a rapid glance at its history and 
teducts. It is worthy of remark, that the name '' Cot- 
oo," k almost the same as " Cotnot," that which is given 
ft Hebrew to the first clothing which was put upon man ; 
nd there is reason to believe, that this fabric was em- 
pkyed for that purpose in the East, at a very remote 
p«iod. The " fine linen" of Egypt is extremely ancient; 
Ui the " fine cotton'' of India rivals it in antiquity, 
bwoty, and utility. The microscopic examination of the 
iteucturea of these fabrics, recently made in order to de- 
termine the nature of mummy -cloth (which is unques- 
tnnably linen), has proved that they are essentially 
difierent in form; the fibres of linen being cylindrical 
■ad tapering at each end, and the fibres of cotton being 
lat and ribbon-Ilke. 

Tbe Hindoos, from whom we derive the knowledge of 
iti muofEMsture, have not only made cotton cloth from 
tune immemorial, but have excelled all other nations even 
lo thif day, in the delicacy of their fabrics. Herodotus 
mentions it as the common clothing in India; and it is 
ipoken of by Arrian and Strabo as well known. Cottons 
»ere articlee of trade and of dress in Russia in 1252; and 
»ere generally used by the Chinese in l;316. Cotton 
cloth was brought to London in 1590, from B«iin; and 
It w« ascertained about a century previous, to have been 
the chief article of dress among the Mexicans. Its manu- 
&cture was originally brought to Europe by the Moors of 
Spain; but it was not till after the establishment of their 
commerce with India, that the Dutch began to fabricate 
cotton cloths at home. The Protestants, driven by perse- 
cution from the Netherlands, brought this manufacture 
to England in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. 

Our ordinary cotton fabrics have their counterpart in 
tlw original manufactures of India ; and the native mus- 
lins of Dacca in Bengal still rival the productions of the 
exquisite machinery of England. The former have ob- 
tained their superiority from the skill acquired by manual 
d«iterity transmitted through a long lapse of ages; the 
letter, from that of little more than half a century of well - 
^xerciised mechanical ingenuity. The various kinds of 
cotton fabrics brought from India, were originally distin- 
P^^ed by the names of the places where they were mjvde ; 
■*• jaconets, muUmuls, betelles, tarlatans, tanjeebs, 
^^, terridams, doreas, &c. Imitations of these by 
^yr manufacturers retain their names ; and additions 
and cbanges are made according to the improvements in- 
tr^duced- 

^ two great emporiums of the cotton manufacture 
•'^lUochester and Glasgow; the former having Bolton 
for it* aasistant, in the production of muslins and the 
&»r »ort of goods; and the latter. Paisley. Both these 
«ti«« have risen, in consequence of the wealth produced 
»J their manufactures, from the position of third -mte 
to»iB, and known only by historical associations, to the 



rank of being second in the kingdom, and honourable 
rivals in magnitude and importance. The pattern-cards 
of Manchester goods which have been sent over to the 
Continent by some eminent manufacturers, have at times 
exhibited specimens of 1,500 different kinds of cotton 
manufacture, varying in fobric and design, from the 
coarsest cloth to the finest muslins ; and in colours, from 
the richest chintz to the plainest goods. The term ''Man- 
Chester and Glasgow Warehouse," exhibited on a sign- 
board in London and other towns in this country, indi- 
cates that all kinds of cotton goods are to be obtained of 
the exhibitors. 

The general name of calico has been applied to the 
plain white cloth manufactured from cotton, from the 
circumstance of this article having been first imported 
from Calicut, in 1631, the place of its original and princi- 
pal manufacture. As calico increases in its quality and 
strength, it is called long-cloth, duck, and double warp. 
Calico-shirting or twine-cloth is made to imitate and 
supersede linen; and in patent-twist, the yam is more 
closely entwined than in common calico. Sheeting-calico, 
as its name implies, is a substitute for linon-sheeting, and 
is preferable on account of its cheapness and warmth. 
Printed calicoes, or prints, at first the imitations of those 
of India, are now produced in patterns of an indefinite 
variety every year. Calicoes are frequently impregnated 
with a made paste of spoiled flour called " the di*e88ing," 
which renders it diflBcult to ascertain their quality. This 
dressing is given merely to improve their appeai-ance. 

The peculiar style of printed calico, called chintz, ori- 
ginally from India, and in which the figures are at least 
of five different colours, impressed upon a white or 
coloured groimd, are now made by our own manufac- 
turers \vith great success, as to beauty of design and 
richness of colour. The invention and the drawing ot 
patterns for printing alone gives employment to artists 
of a peculiar class; and the variety produced is immense, 
in order to satisfy the perpetual demand for change pro- 
duced by fa.shion. 

It is to the production of fine muslins, that tho chief 
efforts of our cotton manufacturera have been directed, 
with a view to excel the wonderfully delicate and light 
fi\brics of India. It is stated that the turbans of some 
of the rich Mohammedarus at Delhi wei-e made of muslin 
so fine that thirty ells did not weigh foiu* ounces; and 
that some of their broad webs might be drawn through a 
ring of moderate size, the tissue being so exquisite that 
it seemed more like the work of insects than of men, i^e- 
sembling in the langujige of Eastern hypcrV)ole, '* the 
woven ^^'ind." The thi-eads of a specimen of this nismu- 
facture in the Museum of the Ejist India Company, when 
examined with the microscoj)©, were found though spun 
only by the distaff and si^intlle, to suiT^ass our machine- 
made muslin in fineness, but to bo inferior in regularity. 
Twenty yards of the yai-u of which this muslin w;ls made 
weighed only a grain; and a pound of it woulil h<ive 



484 



Class 11.— COTTON. 
Areas I. J. 1 to 8. 



reached the length of 115 milee. In England yam has 
been spun so fine, that a pound would extend to 167 
miles in length; but this coidd not be woven by our 
machinery. The price of the Dacca muslin has been, when 
brought to this country, from 10 to 12 guineas per yard. 
By the employment of machinery, and the division of 
labour, we are enabled to produce muslin much cheaper 
than the Hindoos, and even of finer texture; but their 
muslin is richer, softer, and more durable, and still 
maintains its reputation. The same may be said of their 
calicoes, ginghams, and chintzes, which form the staple 
commodity of the Circars. Though nearly driven out of 
the European markets by cheap and successful imitations, 
they are still preferred in the East, where the merchants 
consider that they are able to distinguish by the touch, 
and even by the smell, the genuine productions of the 
Indian loom. 

Varieties of muslin are jaconet, a light kind of muslin, 
open and soft, but stouter than the mull : the name is 
supposed to be a corruption of Jaghemout, the place 
where they were made; it is used for dresses, neckcloths, 
&c. Nainsook is a thicker sort of jaconet, plain and 
striped. Mull muslin is a v^y thin and soft kind, used 
for drosses, trimmings, &c. Seerhand is between nain- 
sook and mull, and particularly adapted for dresses, 
retaining its clearness after waiting. Buke muslin is a 
plain clear kind, woven for working in the tambour. 
Foundation muslin is open-worked, used for stiflfening 
dresses and bonnets. Leno is thinner and clearer than 
buke muslin ; a sort of cotton gauze, used for window 
blinds. Cambric muslin is an imitation of cambric, a 
linen fabric; it is sometimes glazed, white and coloured 
for linings, and twilled, figured, striped, or corded. Cord 
and fancy checks, are cambric muslins with stripes and 
cords placed chequer-wise, by thick threads being intro- 
duced into the warp or weft. Figured muslins are 
wrought in the loom to imitate the tamboured muslins, 
which are embroidered by hand on the tambour. Qlasgow 
is the chief seat of the tamboured muslins. Of cotton 
cambric there are two kinds; that used for dresses, white 
or printed, made chiefly in Lancashire; and that used for 
the same purposes as French cambric, made chiefly in 
Glasgow. 

Cotton damasks, huckabacks, and diapers, are made in 
imitation of articles of the same name in linen; they are 
cheaper, but less durable in fi&bric and in whiteness. 
Cotton ticks are plain and twilled, in imitation of linen 
ticks; and there is a kind called imion tick, composed of 
linen and cotton. Qingham is a thin chequered cotton. 
Counteipanes, a oomiption of counterpoint, have small 



protuberances arranged according to various patterns. 
Marseilles quilts are more elegant than the former; it is 
a double cloth, with a third of softer material between, 
kept in its place by the quilting done in the loom. Cotton 
quilting is made for waistcoat-pieces, resembling diaper. 
Jean is a twilled cotton, both striped and white. Satin 
jeans are woven like satin, with a smooth glossy surface, 
and are used for stays, shoes, &c. Dimity, an article well 
known, is made striped or plain; now much used for 
curtains. Fustian is a coarse twilled cotton, compre- 
hending several varieties, as corduroy, jean, velveret, 
velveteen, thickset, thickset cord, and other stout cloths 
for men's wearing apparel. Common plain fustian is 
called pillow; when of a strong twilled texture, and 
cropped before dyeing, it is called moleskin; and when 
shorn after dyeing, it is called beaverteen. 

Cotton goods, particularly the finer fabrics, as muslins 
and bobbin-net lace, are subjected to a process by whi(^ 
the downy fibres of the web as it comes from the loom 
are removed, and the fabric is presented in a more 
finished state of manufiicture. This process formerly 
consisted in passing the web in its whole width rapidly 
over and near to the upper sm*face of a semi-cylindrical 
piece of red-hot iron placed horizontally, by which the 
fibres projecting from the surface were consumed in a 
moment, while the fabric itself passed imhurt over the 
burning mass. Had the machinery by which this was 
efifected been suddenly stopped before ihe web was raised 
from its perilous position, the whole would have been 
enveloped in flames. 

This method of singeing muslin, which was practised 
at Qlasgow and in Lancashire, has been in some factories 
superseded by Hall's patent process, which consists in 
the application of gas to effect the same purpose as the 
red-hot iron. The latter is replaced by a tube similarly 
placed, and perforated in its upper side with numerouB 
small holes as jets through which the gas passes. When 
the gas is ignited, the muslin is passed rapidly over the 
flame in a manner similar to that already mentioned. 
Improvements were introduced into this process by the 
patentee, by which a draught of air is created over the 
series of jets when acting as burners; and the web being 
Uien rapidly passed over these burners, the air forces 
the flame of the gas through the interstices of the fabric, 
and all the loose and projecting fibres of the tliread com- 
posing the web are instantaneously consumed as before, 
without in the least injuring its substance or texture. 
The application of this process creates the distinction 
between gassed aad ungassed goods. — R. W.] 





WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Tmx CIamh vUck an here miitei] together are to treated in coiuequcnae of the practical difiicultici atUndaot 
mtoa tliMr ttytrUioa beiaj; id fjiM m to render it odviaable rather to include the ob}i>cla eiiiL««oed by both 
llaaaEa mtiet aoe Reoenl divwioo. The mauuhcture of woollen and woraled poods can icarcel; be oonudeted 
mitfam in iiii[ioitanc« to that of oottoo, employiag a targe amount of cspilal, and KiTJng wipiiort to many 
u»aMtela of Of ctaliTn and olliera. Tbe number of Kxhibitors in tbe conjoined CUmes eici«]« the ptoportion 
ti iturnr in tbr fiinner ClaiH by a verj lai^e nun. In CUws 11 theie are little more than sixty Exhibitora ; 

■ hcnxA. lu the t'niuil L'lauei, 12 and 13, tbeie are about Gve hundred. This diA|)roportion is rendered in part 
■DDooDlatU' W ■ ctiwer examination of Ibr Catalo^e, when It will be found that the great majority of the 
t-iAilniiTs in Claat 1 1 (Cotton Slaiiufacturca) are really iiroducera of tbe roaterials they di«play, whereai in tbe 
|«r*inil Clanao niany are produceni, but a vexy largo number are Htmply proprietor, or, in tbe oommercial 
•■rtd, vfMft* of •uch nialeriab — a claiw of pcTuons alwaya numerically prealer than the iireceiiina. 

na«B V2 aulmim lli« fiJlowins subrtivinions :— A. Broad Clolba; B. Narrow CLolla ; C. Flanoel; D. 
rtackMj : E. \\'<»llen Tloaking ; F. Sergca ; G. Tartans ; U. Worsted Stuff Uooda ; 1. Woollen, Wotited, 
JkJwca, aiu) Slotiair Yanu. 

<laa !.'> includta mixed fabrica and shawls under the nibdivisioDi — A. Mixed Woven Fabrica, soch aa 
Cdtttiv, Silk, and IJufn Waria ; and h. Shawls, woven and printed. 

Tbr [•viiiJD in the Buildintc of the articles included in these Clsgsn is lEenerally in (he Fouth Transept 
GaJlrrr, aij-i oo iJie Unjuud Floor, on tbe left band, or South side (proceeding westward), near the western 
trrmiiuiHV] ••( iIm- N'are. In iLe laUer are arranged (he cloths, wonttc*! atgjaca, and niulialr gooiU ; sliawls, &c., 
sr» 4>sf J*<rr4 in ib« Ualkry, and citeml tbruugh Aross 10 to 17. From the delicacy of their usture and 
ni vn tliTV are tnciosnl in glass caS(i>, the artistic arrangement of which gives a pleasing diaractcr to this put 
U ttie iiMiVrry. 

Tbr jj<'»t niannractnring localities for goods contained in these Clames are l'hip]iriibani, Froiue, and Brad- 
PrA. :a V.,li,; Wiuttmi-uiiiler K^e. Sinniil, I.eetbi, Iliiddervlield, nitd Halifax: lialaHliiflii, Hawick, and 
hrlkirk. an l-calitii« in which particular drscriTitions of wool and narrow cloths are |audu(x<l. Btanket« ara 
CA^afwuirni •.hivilv ai Witney, IVwsbury, an<l ( lakbanipton. Flannel in produced in large i|uantities in the 
I'niicijalitv, b1ii> at Ktxhdale and Stroud. Tartans ionii a cbaraclerii-tic uianiifacture of srreral nunbem 
t -rr.*. It'll tlie H'Hti of Itisdronl iiruKUl* the luowt conspicuous example of a lotality derivinfC a large share 
■ <■! ;«-«|*nrv fp.in tlie (•rulucliuii of a ]i<-culi]tr diiicription of gooiis — the wimteil stuff gooil*. In IHOl, this 
t<«E b>l ■ |'>(>ulai)>*i of sluut ti,40(i. which, in thirty years, had multi)>lied to upward* of 23,(K>0, and ha* 
,.- ,. I'^i-ao-l rrm ni'^re mpiHIv. Tliis in due, in a gri'at measure, to the extiaonlinary succi-m which has 
*.-*•-. i^l t'.r [i^anubcinivnf niiie<l faliric*, am) e*(iecinltyof wonlnl stuff gMNls. Thesjiinningof worsted yarn 
*. j.K •!;.;•:.;.• ii.uiv e\ieiiwv,' raetKrii-s, wliich su|>{>Iy others iiiually extMiwve wilh tnaterial for wniving the 
. ..:. ■ . ;. ,1.-1. [..41,*. A viTv lnr_f pijiulaiioti, n<it uniler li,i"K> <ir lfi,()i>i), is now eni[>li>y<il in tbewe fac- 

■ - ■. - ■, ..,;.ri.. !i.ji Kiih tlirni. I-ilti-rlv the alj ai-a mini u fact un' hafl ri.wii into gnat ini|->nsnee, and wilh 
r - -..i: '.!.!. ;<iri 'r( Uirics nuulc of houI aii<i cottou.iuid of «i>ol nndKilk.constilulcs the staple iiiduslrj' of tlin 



.1. 


;..ir.ufa(t(m' cenerallv bos f'lr 


lon^ prrixl U 


til n-sanliHl as otii' of (he most iniiortant 




M.;^\ ii.dnstrv 


O'ld th'^U-h t. 


.eM.j,«velhanllu>t 


.r ciilioii. still holds a hiiihlv iiillueutial 


u 


,u^U^ ll^r U-cul 


lof .ii|>M>rt ti. 


1>IM>^ thlHIMUHl 


i.f < 


ir pituitrvmen. It lia« U->-n cmpnled 






,ar.-.'i'|.|..>.-. 


..,MW«li..l.-Jt 


Ilii» 


,„mulac1im'. »l.irb l<ii» K.'i. calciilatnl 




.■J.i,'uZl\alu.-..( 


.d..ul -0..-V 


■ 7. TlK'iiitri- 


UClil 


. "f new uinlifitils vitlier !■» uw akme. 










.. tl, 


n.anutn.t.in-. and llie .hamct.-r irt the 




'i,..'ur,.i.n:".«'' 


M-wral' iniTori 




«. ' 


l,r ii>:iliurncluri' largrly cnrriiil on at 


. \ 


*L.l,it>-. lit a nanu- doth frflii 






iiilir-Miiii. Tbe ra^Lsarr um np W 


lA 


!i.. :r til-r.™. mat 


rinlisi-i.rirelv 




llo'II 


»|nui in low nuniU'rK. nud mmle into a 




. ■■: <'i..ih UM'd for l«izr. lahle-cl 


.lli«. Ac. 'll»> 


.[■r.. 


iciii'ii of a wtiven fnlTic. fmni material 




.-■[^1.<l u rMM\ 


wMie nod tueleas fur luch |>ur 


«*'S, 


is a ittiiiug UluatiatJou of the adaf ti\ • 


lU 


I-rrnnt .lay,— 1{ 


K. 









486 



Clahsm 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abbas L. M. X. O. h^ to 17, and Socth Traksbft Gallkbt. 



1 Scott k Weight, I'Vo ^^r^, H^jnU St. — Dengnen. 
West of England eU«tic doetkinft, in Scotch cUn tartan 
pattenu for trousert; new atjlc in tite aanie, and anp^la 
for trousers ; Scotch angobu for trousers, and mauds for 
railway rugs and shawls for trarelling. 



2 East, Laxdox k Holulxd, 10 OU AmmI 51— Desigiiers. 
Spe«*imen8 of fitncj woollen trouserings and coatings. 

3 ScHoriELD, Bbown, Davis, k Halse, 1 GmAam St. — 

PropnetCMTS. 
Flannels in a rariatT of styles, comprising — 

1. Royal Victoria flannels, manunctured from yam 
■[Hin from silk and wool. This fisbric is superior to 
<iAntw>]« made entirely of wool, in the following particularv. 
It is leas irritating to the skin ; it shrinks le«i» in washing ; 
the silk increases the strength and durability of the tex- 
ture, and renders it leas liable to tear. 

2. Merino flannels, made frcHu yam spun from cotton 
and wool. This article is exhibited on account of its dura- 
bility and cheapoass. 

3. Flax flannels, woren 6t>m yam spun from a mixture 
of wool and flax fibre; the latter prepared by tike Che- 
Talier Claussen*8 nUent process. 

4. Silk warp flannels: these goods are adapted fi>r 
mantles and the nursery. Two embroidered opers cloak5 
are exhibited as illustrating the Adaptation of the fabric 
to articles of drass. 

b. ITiibet flannels, made of ch<»ce Saxony wool. 
6. Flannels in £uict dyes, comprising pink, nwe, 
dierry, crimaon, sky blue» gentjanefb, oiange, cs&sry. 



4 Twbxdalb, Jacob, k Sons, JJab^ ifj/Z, a^sr Ax-^dLiZc. 
ami 56 WocJ ^rtrt, LomAm — Ma nu fa » Hm ei » - 
Pieces of superfine SaxooT flannel; fine cricketers* 
flannel: fine anti-rheumatic dannel; and fine imitation 
Welsh flanneL 



5 Leach. Jobx. & Soss. W W>kJ StrfH — Manu£»cturer». 
LsDcashirfr flannel, made from English and Australian 

wools. Imitation Welsh flannel, firom the same. MMium 
Welah. or ** anti-rheumatic flannel." Twilled. mille«l or 
cricketing flanneL Saxony flannel and coating. Swanskin. 
Qanae Saxony. 

6 WnjES. Jo!CAS> 79 & ^^ Witilimji Str^ — ^P)ropric<or and 



flannels. 
Lanoaahiz^ aad Wekh flanneln 



7 Fi>xBBonDBksltCa..^7rvlMA^«M(»rr»^4 
5.«wrsrf — llanufiitftuxvtra. 
White and dyed woollen set^ve. 
White wooUen blanketk^ and blankets. 



nW/ii^^w, 



and Ptoprietor. 
Doable-fiK^ ck4h. baring a perfKt finish on e«ch ti^K 
of two distinct colours, woren in one single ftibrtc, 
SpecinMBS of superfine do«ib)e<^>siil cK>th f^>r ix^aia, 
trooscrs^ Wdiw' paletots: ami st^nil eK>tK <v>r owr- 



^^e norel anaication of thosie fikhrtcs embrace ewry 
oascription of clothing which «an be om^W iivtvi^V* u|k^ 
tke^itlmf aaOrof tfowEtruotiiHivxf theinTMEitv>r. The U^ 
Ivrtialaon af th«r apph^-noiiHi wiU be asen in llasa ^\ 

9 ^O VX & FOBSRB. 5 r^« v<9ri^jW, J^^KVlf C^llfW^ ~ 

,. . ^ Proprietors. 

-nwisenugs. m doeskma and etMiivMrM ; i« ^x^lvlk 
tweeds, and natunl C^riot w\xa. 

Waistcca^iK of wool, of wxx^ ami silk, of silk, x^f xsM 
£* H ™ ^ CW graas; aU .^ Britiah man^ilMui^ 
^Dhradfliy o» doth and on «lk. 



10 MiTBiJCT, W. k C. 4 Bow ChMnkyard, C 

Inventon. 
Waistcoat lengths of rarious designs in coti 
cotton; silk, wool, and cotton; nlk and 
silk and linen ; wool and cotton. 



1 1 Go(H>wi!(, JoB3c, Lairrenoe Lcme — Propi 

Samples of Testings. White and coloured 
cotton. Livery ralendas, silk figured caa 
China grass lustres, mixed £sbric. 



12 Bnx&Wiuso3C, 52 St.Martm$L<me—V\ 

Fine black cloth, for gentlemoi's coats. 

Fine blue doth, manufsctured at Bradford, 
Saxooy wool, indigo dye, suited for naval 
forms. 

Fine scarlet doth, manu&ctured at Stroud, 
shire, suited for military officers* uniforms. 

Black beaver cloth, for overcoats; woven 
process, invented by Mr. DanieUs, of Free 
Bath. Two shuttles are employed in the \ 
oue carrring the fine or surfice thread, tb 
stout or \Mkckthr«ad. each placed in a distinci 

The annexed cut shows a section of cloth ^ 
patent proceas. in which the arrsngement <A 
in the patent cloth is represented in fig. 1 as 
two shuttles, and in fig. 2 as woven with tlu 



Rg. 1. 



• • 



• « 



Fig. 2 



• • 



Rev«T»ble Witaaey cloth, for travelling 
manufjhrtur^ by Dsmell's patent process. 

R<f^er«d doubie-eurCioed bearer, for o^ 
psntalvvvas. 

Himalaya cloth, for warm outside garments 
the w*v»l of the Oashmere-^hawl goat. 

Fine c\>\^ured cloth*, ibr coats, manufactu 
fv>r\i. WiiiA. 

CUrviKioQ cloths, for summer paletots, n 
at Ttowbriiiice- 

BUfk milled doeskin, for psntaloons. 

Fine sincle-milled cakssimeros and Sardinii 
vai5toost« and eml*oidcrT, manu&ctured at 
same. embn>ider«ed. 

Suihd^ milled fiaK-y dv>«kii». of new desigi 
loo&s msnufsrtured' at Trowbridge. Wiha. 

13 CULBB. JoBX * James. B^fim^l ^rt 

Woa^kd black KUcW caBsimere; patent b 
tian. and ladies' clot^ 
^^atitt eacy* dvvekm; sstin-fiKe single doesl 

anil single d^^e^kin. 
Fur Janu» bwkTvar. 



14 SMmi. JoKs Buixiv * Co., SS ^as»^ 

Proprsef»>r^ 
WKV>lWn clv>th r«de«yd m««rprx>f. wxth< 
iwvious K^ air. the textun? and appearance u 

L\ I.OC1LB. JAitis. n>» *»? V^* JTw*?^^-— 5i 

ScN^^ tw^^U <v>r .ieer^kin^- n^iing, i 
aSKi for summer anvl wara c^iaisws- 

l^rii^ wxxd twyei.K f<* skhX^taw and cc 
si^Hineft* .xf the w\x>l x>f whxh they are 
>>^arixvus »«i^!iM <tf manui^scture. * - ^ 

H^^Utiv^ taitaiM^ as w\>ra by tfce :>w>t 
rij^u^e^^tjk 

^x^^ maxhK <svr nd»^ sJfci trswO::^- 



KlXODOM.] 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Transept Gallery. 



487 



16 Stancomb, J., & Son, Trowbridge, Wilts, and 19 

BasingKall Street, London — Manufacturera. 

SunpleB of mixture doeskins, fancy moleskins, fancy 
Aogolai, and fSancy moleskins, exhibited for fabric and 
texture. 

Samples of fancy Angolas, twilled buckskins, imperial 
dothg for summer coats, and thin and stout Venetian 
cloth. 

17 Staxcomb, W. & J., juns., TrowhHdge, Wilts, and U 

BasingKall Street, London — Manufacturers. 

Serend samples of single elastic, and single moleskin, 
of &OCJ texture; all wool. 

18 Shkppakd, W. B. & O., Frome, Somerset, and 7 King 

Street, CKeapside — Manufacturer. 

Woollen cloths, Venetian cloth, and fancy coatings. 
Single and milled, plain and fancy cassimeres. 

19 Barber, Howbe, k Mead, 19 St. PauTs Churchyard — 

— Designers and Proprietors. 
West of England and Yorkshire superfine broad cloths. 
Moscow and royal British beavers. 
The Alpa Vicuna royal shawl. 
Boyal beaver shawl. 

20 Brett Brothers k Co., Wood Street — Designers. 

Piece and wool-dyed black cloths. Wool-dyed rifle- 
green cloths. Piece-dyed black cassimeres. Wool-dyed 
blick doeskins. Fancy trouserings of various styles and 

qualities. 

21 Hudson and Bocbfiejld, Ze«(29— Manufacturers. 
LUma, Venetian, and superfine cloths. 

22 Slater, E., Leeds — Manufacturers. 
Black wool barathea cloth. 



23 WiLKER, James, & Co., Bedford Street, Leeds — 

Manufacturers . 

Hohair cloths, various colours, for making and trim- 
niinjj ladies' paletots, first and second quality. Ladies' 
cloths. Union, and all wool Tweeds, various colours, for 
lilies' and children's cloaks. 

Fancy woollen cloakings, for lining gentlemen's coats. 

24 SxELL, J., Leeds — Manufacturer. 
Superfine twilled summer cloth. 



25 Hagues, Cook, & Wormald, Leeds — Manufacturers. 
Spani?h stripe and drab beaver cloths ; white, coloured, 
Uid horse blankets. 



2rt Irwin, E,, Leeds — Manufacturer. 

Woollen cloths. 



2: 



Etres, W. & Son, Leeds — Manufacturers. 
Woollen cloths. 



2^ HaRCREAVE & XirssEYS, F<imle;/ Lot Mills, near Leeds 
— Designers and Manufacturers, 
Royal chameleon, elastic; transferable cloth; Vicuna 
f'lr. with woollen back ; dyed black cloth, from colonial 
wool. 

29 Smith, AVm., & Son, Ztrri-j— Proprietors, 

Piece-dye<l sound wool black cloths. Mohair cloths, 
w^Ioored. Mixed napped PeterHhaniH. Indigo dyed blue 
pilots. Corbo beavers. Mixed Witney. 

y\ Lasirert, J., Leeds — Manufacturer. 

Ladies' coatings ; tweeds, Circassian, Venetian, and mo- 
Lair cloths. 



jl BiNKS, B., L.eeds — Manufacturer. 

Superfine woollen cloths. 



32 Thornton, Firth, & Ramsden, Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
Superfine cloths, silk and cotton warp ; cashmerettes, 
and blankets. 



33 Lupton, William, & Co., Leeds — Proprietors. 

Olive cloth. Blue carriage lining, indigo dye. Blue 
cloth, indigo dye. 



34 Sykes, John, & Son, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 

Woollens : — Dyed black, medium, fast colour. 

Brown, light olive, moss olive, dark olive, and light 
bottle-green cloth, common colour. 

Bottle-green, woaded colour. 

Light blue, indigo dye. 

Invisible green, wool-dyed black, and piece-dyed black, 
common colour. 



35 Stow Brothers, Leeds — Manufacturers. 

Superfine woollen cloths. 



37 Firth, Edwin, & Sons, ffeckmondwike, near Leeds — 

Manufactiurers. 

Blankets : coatings of alpaca wool, mohair, and camel's 
hair. 

Cotton diaper rugs, bleached and unbleached. 



38 Henrt, a. & S., & Co., Leeds — Manufacturera. 
Woollen cloths and cotton warp cloths. 

39 Bateson & Co., Leeds, Yorkshire — Manufacturera. 
Black cloths, piece and wool dyed. 

Indigo blue cloth, wool dyed. 

Blue, green, claret, and brown cotton warp cloth, piece 
dyed. 

Brown, green, and blue cloth, wool dyed. 
Medley cloths. 

40 Pawson, Son, & Martin, Stonehridge Mill, near Leeds, 

Yorkshire — Manufacturers. 

Black cloths, piece-dyed, true colours. 

Mulberry ladies' habit cloth, wool dyed, true colour. 

Black cloth, and rifle Venetian, wool dyed, woaded 
colour. 

Blue Venetian, wool dyed. 

Olive, black, and rifle, ladies' cloths; and rifle-habit 
cloth, wool dyed, woaded colours. 

41 Swaine, Joshua & Edward, & Co., Gomcrsall and Leeds 

— Manufacturers. 
Superfine wool-dyed indigo blue Witney duffils. 
Police and Canadian cloths. 



42 Cooper, D. & J., Leeds — Manufacturers. 

Supei-fine woollen and doeskin cloths. 

44 Hotham & Whiting, Leeds — Manufacturers. 
Yorkshire flannel. 

45 Cheetham, C. G. & W., Calrerky, twar Leeds^ 

Manufacturera. 
Specimens of superfine olive broad cloths of Australian 
wool. Bottle-green broad cloths. Sample of Australian 
wool, in case of Australian mahogany. 

46 Saville, J., Lerds — Manufacturer. 
Oxford, pilot, and anuy cloths. 



47 Gott, Benjamin, & Sons, /.tvr/i— Manufacturers. 

Woollen cloths:— for the homo trade: brown, olive, 
and blue; and black woaded. 

For the Auierican market: bro\^-n, green, olive, bottle, 
black, Adelaide, olivo brown, olive, Stnwburgh, bottle 
rateen. Drake neck, black, dahlia, Adelaide, olive brox^-n, 

and olive mteen. 

For the Chinese market : scarlet, salmon, black, green, 
gentian, blue, dahlia, ash, pm-ple, and Bui-gundy. 



4S8 



Classes 12 & 15— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. O. 10 to 17, akd South Transept Gallery. 



TV 



For the Russian market : orange, green, sky-blue, 
scarlet, vellow, carmine, and gentian. 

For the home trade : lad/s brown, ruby, lavender, 
dove, chocolate, and gentian, cloth. 



48 Smithson, Thomas, Bramley, near Leeds — 

Manufacturer. 

Black medium cloth, piece-dyed. 

Dark blue ladies* cloth; fine habit cloth; black habit 
cloth, wool dyed ; superfine goods of woaded colours. 

Superior black cloth, wool -dyed and woaded colour. 

Common wool-dyed black cloth. 



49 York & Sheepshanks, Leeda — llanufacturers, Dyers, 

and Finishers. 
Woaded wool black ; second woollen cloth. Pieo#-dyed 
black, and piece-dyed black medium, and fiwi dye. 



60 George, T. W., & Co., Leeds — Dyers and Finishers. 

Worsted lastings in fast black, not woaded, and in 
varieus colours. 



51 WiLKiMSON, John, St. HeUns Mills, Leeds — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 

New thin ship sheathing, for placing on the ship's side 
underneath the copper sheathing; thick ship sheathing 
for placing between the timbera in building. 

Patent padding and wadding for garments ; soft white 
medical cloth, backed with India-rubber, for poultices, or 
imder horse-saddles, &c.; soft white saddle-cloth, without 
India-rubber. 

Gun wadding of first and second quality; haik felt for 
steam-pipe and boiler covering, and for deadening sound. 

Indigo blue pilot felt; indigo blue pilot and brown 
pilot for great coats. 

62 Wilkinson, W. & E., Leeds — Manufacturers. 

Crape, all wool. 

Cord, all wool, for summer doth, manufactured in 
the worsted manner. 



54 BoBiMSov, Thomas^ Deicabury Moor, Deuishury — 

Manu£otcturer. 

Three-points Mackinaw, super B»erino, merino bath, 
•ad rosed blankets. 

55 Crabtree, W., Dew^ury — Manufacturer. 

Bath blankets, fine, and striped with fimcy colours at 
the ends. 



66 Whitwobth, J., k Son, Earlsheaton, Deicsbwrf — 

Manufactm*ers. 

Two hone blankets. 



67 Stead, Walter, & Co., Leeds — Manufacturers. 

Superfine broad-cloth, and wool-dyed woaded black. 
Sample of fine German wool. 



58 Haley, J., & Son, Bramley, near Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
Woollen cloths, made in the white. 



59 Haley, A. & C, Bramley, near Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
Woollen cloths, made in the white. 



60 Pease, Heaton, & Co., Leeds — Inventors and 

Proprietors. 

6ar^-de-laine cloth, all wool, for dresses; light, even, 
transparent, and soft. 

Saxe-Coburg, Orleans, and other cloths, cotton and 
worsted, for dresses. 

Super quality de-laine cloth, cotton and worsted. 

Satin twill, cotton warp and woollen weft, finish of a 
new description. Jn colours for dresses; in white for 
printing. Union, silk waq), and worsted damasks. 



61 Hartley, J., & Son, Worthy ^ near Leeds — 
Designers and Manufacturers. 
Heather tweed, woaded; and blooming heather 
woaded and grained, for shooting-coats, made froi 
tralian wool. 



62 Webkter, Thomas, VA Park Lane, Leeds — 

Manufacturer. 
Superfine broad woollen cloth. 



63 Webster, D., Xr^-tfo— Manufacturer. 

Superfine wool-dyed black cloths. 



64 Bramley Woollen Cloth Company, Bratniey 
Leeds — Dyers and Manufacturers. 
Specimens of black cloth, wool-dyed, true and ot 
colour. 



65 Green, R. F., &Soxs, Leeds — Manufacturers. 
Orleans cloth, in blacks and various shades. 



67 Gray, S., Culverley, neur Leeds — Manufaotui 

Woollen cloths: drab and blue prunelle liverj 
Russian green prunelle habit-cloth. 



68 Cromack, John Judson, Leeds — Manufactui 

Woaded and fast black cloth, suitable for the 

market — exhibited for superior manufacture and fi 



69 Fenton, William, Eccleshill, near Leetls — 

Manufacturer. 
Billiard-cloths, green, crimson, and scarlet. 



70 Ellis, John W., St Co., 12 Upper Aibkm Street 

— Man uf acturer. 
Samples of cloth, saved list indigo blu^ all wo< 
a frieze with cotton warp and Australian wooL 



7 1 WooDUOUSE, John, Holheck Moor Side, near Le 

Manufacturer. 
Cloth, woollen weft and cotton warp, fast oolou 
Cloth, common colour, black. 



72 Beaumont, William, Cravcshaw House, J 
near Leeds — Manufactiurer. 
Black cloths, made both from Sydney and I 
wool, piece dyed. 

74 MiDDLEBROOiL, JoHK, Birstoil, near Leeds. 
Superfine cloth flannel, of extra width, and of 1 

tural colour of the wool ; specimen of coarser qual 

75 Sykes, David, & Co., Leeds — Manufacturer 
Black milled cloth. 

77 Gill 8c Bishop, Tweeds — Manufacturers. 

Brown, gentian, drab, and black mohair. 



78 Yewdall, WnxjAM, & Son, Bawden, near 

— Manufacturers . 
Woollen cloths of different qualities, vii., S 
stripes, grey list ladies' cloths, and medium clc 
different qualities; milled hair-list and double 
hair-list cloths. 

79 Wauleb, J., k Sons, Millshaw, near Leeds — 

Manufacturers. Dyers, and Finkhens. 
Single and milled casai meres figured and coloure 



80 Smith, Wiluam, Batley, near Veicsbury — 

Manufacturer. 
Wool-dyed indigo blue Whitney. Indigo blu 
cloth. Green and white mixturs, nappad piiot. L< 
blue pilot. 



KiKODOM.] 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, akd South Transept Gallery, 



489 



81 Shsard, M., & Sons, Brtley, near Dew^nuy — 

Manufacturers. 
Lodged blue pilot cloth. Blue mixture, steel mixture, 
and (hiord mixture Petershams. 



82 JuBB, J., & Sons, Btttiey, near Detcsbury — 

Muiufacturers. 

Wool-dyed blue Witney cloth; blue pilot cloth; and 
brown pilot cloth. Woollen fabric with cotton lining 
thrown on the back, being a new combination of materials. 
Blue pilot cloth, piece dyed. 

83 WiLBON, Davu>, Bittley, near Dewsbury — Manufacturer. 
Indigo blue pilot cloth. 

84 Webster, A., Abbey Mill, Kirkstall, Leeds~ 

Manufacturer. 

Superfine woollen cloths. 



85 HuDSWTELL, J., & Son, Bniiey, near Dew^ntry — 

Manu6icturers. 
Fancj wrapper for travelling ; and fancy lining for 
overcoats, &c. ; made entirely of English wool. 

86 Bboou^ John, & Sons, Honley, near Hudderzfield — 

Manufacturers. 
SpedmenB in each stage of the manufacture of broad 
woollen cloth. Assortment of broad woollen cloths of 
Tvioiu colours, quality, and substance. 



87 Walker, Joseph, & Sons, Hudienfield — 

Manufacturers. 

Brown, black, and grey buffalo. 

Black alpaca, lavender mohair. 

Blue and white mixed mohair. Black mixture mohair. 

Low black mohair. 

Brown, black, green, royal blue, scarlet, drab, and 
claret mohair. 

^rey mixed alpaca. Yellow mohair heading. Dog- 
hair cloth. 

All for ladies' cloaks and men's over-coats. 



88 Taylor, James, Jldthnm, near IIuddc/sJieM — 

Manufactiu^er. 
Fancy woollens. 



^'* Learoyi), Edward, H^tddcrsjield — Manufacturer. 
^Iiwrnena of cashmere merinos, used for ladies' boot 

tO[ii5. 



!♦'> Shaw, Peter, Lochcowl, Huddcrsfidd — Manufacturer. 
^ uaded black broad woollen cloths. 



'*! ^EACE, Aaron, fc Co., Clmfton West^ Hiuhlersfcld 

— Manufacturers. 
Silk chin^ dre«?. Silk and wool drese. 



^'- Grken, J., //'/<fr/t/-.v^>W— Manufacturer. 
♦arious specimens of linseys. 

''•^ HiNCHLiFFE, John, & Son, Kcicrnill, ncir 
/['nfitc-rffcfd — Manufacturers* . 
"orided mixed doeakin, and mixed durables, exhibited 

f*'''" chea|.Qe.s.-< and utility. 

-*■* Kevyo.v, Jonas & James, Do(j]ey Mills, Jlnddcrsfcld 

— Manufacturers. 
** 'j<illen Silesian eitrii>es for gentlemen's di*ess. 

" ^ Bennett, John & Abraham, r>radle>i Mills, 

ne tr Iludderajield — Manufacturei-s. 
^^'ack Venetian cloth, manufiieturod from superiiue 
r^'-*''ian wool. Registered black Lahore cloth, from 
^^^urnere wool. Double Xapier cloth, one Hide wool, 
^^ ^jther from the goat of Cashmere, and one side wool ; 
^* other fix>m the goat of South America, known as 
> icuna wool. 



96 Hebblethwaite & Lister, Market Place, ffudders^ 

jiHd — Designers and Manufacturera. 

Specimens of (all wool) elastic elephuita ribs, for 
trouserings, &c. 

97 Crosland, Williaji & H., Huddersfeld — 

Manufacturers. 
Woollen fancy pantaloon cloths, new designs and im- 
proved elasticity. 

98 Shaw, John, William, & Henry, Victoria Miil, 

Huddersfield — Manufacturers. 
Woaded wool-dyed, black, broad, and superfine cloth. 
Piece-dyed black cloth and prunelle. Wool-dyed black 
doeskin and cassimere; and rifle broad cloth and wool- 
dyed Oxford broad cloth. 

99 Midgley Brothers, Iluddersfield — ManufjEu^turers. 
Super Angola mixtures for trousers. 



100 Hastings Brothers, Huddersfeld — Manufacturers. 
Cloths — mediums, milled and double milled, or treble 
milled. Doeskins. Cassimeres. 



101 Wrkjle?, John, & Sons, ffnddersfield — 

Manufacturers . 
Claret, olive, steel-mixed, green, and light-blue livery 
cloths. 
Bright blue cloth, for carriage linings. 

1 02 VicKERMAN & Beaumont, Huddersfeld — 

Manufacturers. 
Black broad cloths, cassimeres, and doeskins, piece- 
dyed, permanent colour and finish. 

103 Armitaoe Brothers, Huddersfeld — Importers and 

ManufactTirers . 

Woaded black elephant beavers, 55 inches wide, great 
weight, 46 and 44 ounces to the yard, manufactured 
entirely from Port Phillip wool. 

Albert check, requiring no lining for the coats, one 
side being a plain colour, the other checked. 

Albert cloth, the two sides being different colours. 

" Exhibition " cloths, 56 inches Avide, weighing only 
twelve ounces to the yard. 

Scoured Sydney skin wool, grown in New South Wales, 
and washed by J. T. Armitage and Co., of Sydney. 



104 LocKwooD, Joshua, & Keighley, William, 

Hn(idersfeld — Manufacturers . 
Specimens of patent woollen cords, velvet and leather 
cloths, chiefly for trousers. 



105 Barnicot & Hirst, HKddersfcld, ^'ilsham, and 

Mclthnin — Manufacturers. 
Buckskin, Orleans, crape and fancy doeskin, and hair- 
line for trousers, made from middle-price colonial (Port 
Phillip) wool. 

106 Barber, J., & Sons, I/olmfrt/t, near Huddersfeld — 

Manufacturers. 
Drab kersey for trousers or coats. 



107 Holmes, J., & Sons, Sc/hJcs, near Holmfrth, 

Yorkshire — Manufacturers. 
Woaded black doeskin and Yieuua. 



1 08 Mallinson & Sons, Htuldersfeld — Manufactmers. 

Wool -dyed black doeskins, exhibited as specimens of 
mauufiicture aud finish. 



109 Beardsell, Isaac, & Co., TIamgsbridge, near 
Huddersfeld — Man ufact urers . 
Woudt'd black broad coating, steel broa<.l coating, and 
black Venotiiui coating, manufactured of colonial wool 
grown by the Australian Agi-icultural Company. 

Woafled black broad single-milled coating, manufactured 
of a picklock, selected from a Silosian prize wool. Black 



490 



Clameu 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Arkaa L. M. N. O. 10 to 17, akd South Tbanbbft Gallebt. 



[USRED 



and blue bixMul coating, aheep-wool face, alpaca- wool ba<^; 
blue c<iatinf(, royal 1)1 ue lutck and fj^reen Iwck. Fancr 
woollen trou«eriiig8, three-fold cloth wove, treble-milled, 
and double-face<l. Fancy w<»ollen tn)Ui(«niif<M. Woaded 
black face, blue Berlin wool Ijack; double-faced; woaded 
steel, Ac. 

110 Shaw, Son, & Co., //iMi</('r/t/fWJ— Manufacturen. 

Woollen clotha : — Block Huperfine broaiLi; fancy coat- 
ingH. 

Fancy tn>ujierin^; revemible cloth. 
Pattern cardji of fancy goo<lii. 

111 Taylor, J., & Son, yctntmit^^ Iliui^ierMJield — 

Manufacturer!*. 
Fancy waiictcoatiiiKH, wool, Hilk, and cotton; and 
woollen tn)UJ<eni' gixnU (In^Kt An^olaH); and woollen 
ahawU and Hcarf«. I^ieii' ami chihlrcn'* drmwes. 



112 Johnson, John, LochnMnl^ HmUcntfidd — Dyer, 
lilom-yanu in variouii flhaden. 

113 Dat, J., & So-v, Mold Own, II udiUri' field— 

ManufacturerH. 

Merinofl (cotton chain Mhot with woollen), used chiefly 
for the topH of ladies' bootn. 

Cashnierettes, cotton shot with woollen and silk shot 
with woollen; used for sununer over-coats. 



114 WiixoTT, William, 8c CV>., IlmUenfcld — 

ManufacturerH. 
Woollen goods, viz., drab liver}', kersey. Waterproof 
drab Devon kenwy. Extra treble kersey. Woatled wool- 
dyed black cassimere; and wool -dyed black doeskin. 

115 Schwann, F., ILulUrufcld — Merchant. 

Fancy vesting called valencias or toilinvis, and quilt- 
ings. Fancy pantaloon stuffs. Fancy drejwcs for ladies 
and children. Caasinets, cashinerettes, summer {mletots, 
and merinos. Shoe and boot fancy clotlis. Sununor-coat 
and paletot articles. Woollen beavers, pilot cloths, and 
napped Petershams. Tweeds. Plaids and checks. Buck- 
skins, doeskins, fancy woollen pantaloons and over-coat 
stuffs, composed of mohair, alpaca, and Vicuna. ** Ele- 

Khant and rninoceros " skins. Friezed coatings. Shawls, 
[ohoir headings. 

Plain woollen cloth. Red paddings. Carpets. Gro- 
grams, barracans, twilled summer cloths. IViuted para- 
mattas and merinos. Woollen blankets and horse-covers. 
Specimen of ornamenting and lettering the show-end 
(neiul-end) of woollen cloths, kerseymeres, &c. 

116 ToLBON, J., & Sons, Dalton, JhuMcrsfeld— 

Manufacturers. 
WaLstcoatings, comprising figure<l quiltings, shawl 
cashmeres, Persian velvets, beavers, low vestings. Trou- 
serings. Challi wool plaids for children's dresses for 
spring and for winter. 

117 Wriglet, J. & T. C, Huddemfifld — Manufacturers. 
Moscow beaver, two faces, different colour and finish. 

Moskitto, two faces, different colour and different mate- 
rial. Janus, nap-face, beavered and Witney, and checked 
back. Partridge mixture, for shooting-coats. Reversible 
cloth, finished on both sides. Stockinette, or tricot. 
Fancy trouserings. 

118 Stkes & Ogden, Hitddersfield — Wool -cleaners 

and Inventors. 

Drawings illustrative of patent and improved wool- 
cleaning machine, which will clean 50 lbs. of wool per 
hour. 

Burry and motey wool, with the same cleaned from the 
burs and motes ; and specimens of burs and motes as taken 
fh>m the wood by the machine, cleaned, and brought into 
a good state. 

119 Hinchliff, J. & O., Hitddersfield — Manufacturers. 
Drab kersey, ordinary milled and Deyonahire water- 
proof. 



Black and atael doeskins; Oxford and mixtoiv doe- 
skins. 

Various fancy wooUao trouseringi. 

1 20 BBAED8ELL, Chaelbs, & SoN, Ifoimehridge, Hidden- 

fifld — Designers and Mannfacturetm, 
W^ooUen pantaloons, plain and fancy. 

121 Stabket, J. & A., Bhtepridge, HiMenfiM-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Drab woollen cords. Drab thidciet ooostitotiflD. 
Fancy, plain, and woollen velveteeoB. 

122 CowGim JE880P, & Co., Hwddenfeld- 

Manufacturers. 
Cashmerettes for coats and ladies' boots. 



123 Htrni & Fischeb, /fsd^imr^^&f— Merehants. 
Plain and strioed Franklin coatings, wool fiwe. 
Mohair back double Queen's cloakings. 

Mohair back pantaloons, — Registered^ 

124 Clat, J. T., Rastrick, Iltdiiersfield—ManuheiMMr. 
Woollen trouserings, blue and white angolas; the blue 

being a pure indigo dye. Manufactured from fine Saxooy 
wool ; from Australian wool ; and sundry yarieties. 

WaiMtcoatings in woollen and sUk; and of fiine wont«i 
yam, cotton and silk. 

Union cloth, composed of woollen and cotton. Wcam 
cloth. 

125 Schofield, Jonathan, Rttstrick, near HwiienfiM 

— ManufiEkiturer. 

Fancy woollen trouserings, diffnvnt patterns, lod 
woollen and cotton, mixed. 

Silk, woollen, and cotton waistcoatinga, in different 
colours of buffs, drabs, &c. 

Patent British casluueres, all wool, different colours. 

Fancy bed furniture in wool and silk, and in wool, lillCf 
and cotton. 

Fancy dresses in wool and cotton, &c. 

Fancy shawls, all wool, and wool and cotton. 

12G Norton, JoeEPH, Claytf,n West, Huddenfield— 

Manufacturer. 
Summer shawls and coatings. Registered winter wool* 
len shawls, unique; and novelty, having four distioei 
patterns or appearances in one shawl.^Union sfaawU. 
Registered goods for dresses, waistcoatings, and cloakingi. 
Table covers. Woollen, alpaca, and rabbit's down gjote- 
cloths. Registered ftmcy woollen trouserings. Stocki- 
nette trouserings. Crochet counterpane. 

127 Oldfield, Allan, & Co., Lochtcod Milh, ami 

Iluddersfii'ld, Ytprkshirc — Manufacturers. 

Specimens of the various stages of the fSanoy woollen 
manufacture, from the wool to a warp prepared Ux the 
loom ; also pattern ranges of fancy woollen trouseringB, 
fr.>m the loom to the finished cloth, with a dimwing of 
Oldfield's patent machine for piecing woollen cardings. 

Fancy brood cloth for overcoats. 

Fancy doeskin trousering, and fancy cn^M trousering. 
Mode from fine wool. Exhibited for their manufiictuie. 

Black and brown twist checked tweed, made from waste, 
&c., without any wool. 

Black, brown, and white twist checked tweed, made 
from waste, &c., without any wool. 

128 HoADLEY & Pbidie, Halifax — Manu&cturers. 
Damasks, for furniture purposes, of different qualities 

and colours, manufactured of sdk, cotton, and wooX either 
separately or in combination. 

129 Brown, William, Ilalifax — Manufacturer. 

Damasks: — Cotton and worsted, yam and piece dyed; 
cotton, silk, and worsted; silk and worsted. 

Table covers: — Cotton and worsted, yam dyed; oottooy 
silk, and worsted; worsted. 



rKODOM.] 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, akd South Transept Gallery. 



491 



10 Akrotd, James, & Son, Halifax — Spinners and 

Manufacturers. 
Fable-covers: — Cotton and worsted, and silk and 
•rsted. 

Damasks: — All worsted; cotton and worsted, yam 
1 piece dyed; silk and worsted, and with silk swivel 
ire. 

Articles for ladies' dresses : — Silk and cotton ; silk and 
rsted ; silk, worsted, and cotton ; worsted and cotton. 
Plain goods, all worsted: — Seizes de Berry, lastings, 
ncettaa, crapes, plain-backs, camlets, shalloons, wild- 
res, full twills, alepinas, merinos. Says, East India 
nlet, long ells. 

Plain goods, worsted and cotton: — Union seizes de 
rry and lastings; cotton warp princettas and full 
ills ; Orleans, lustres, Coburg, cotton warp says, 
ings. 

Worsted and cotton gambroons, for trousering. 
Ponchos: — Plain and brocade, striped; aravenas, Vi- 
nas. 

Yergas, for horse-covers. 

Tarns: — Single, two-fold, and four-fold carded yams; 
Dgle, two, and four-fold combed; single, lustre and 
imisk weft; single warp; two-fold camlet warp and 
left; two-fold lasting warp; two and three-fold Genappe. 



I30i. EcBOTD, William & Son, near Burnley — 

Manufacturers. 

1. Power -loom Coburg cloth ^mixed fabric, cotton and 
irool, for dresses); range of qualities. 

2. Orleans cloth, similar fabric. 

3. Saxony Orleans cloth (mixed fabric, cotton and 
»ool), for dresses, differing from No. 2, only in being of a 
ioft instead of bright and sharp texture. 

4. Mousseline de laine (mixed fabric, cotton and wool), 
for dresses ; range of qualities, printed and dyed. 

5. Power-loom Saxe Coburg cloth, made from cotton 
^ Wool ; a new fabric, of light texture, ^vith a range 
''f qualities. 

^. Power- loom Bar^ge de laine, made from cotton and 
*<^ol; range of qualitien, printed and dyed. 

7. Bunting for ships' coloura and railway signals, made 
^.^ power-loom ; all wool. 

8. Worsted heald or heddle yam, range of qualities, 
pun, and twii^ted, and singed (to deprive it of loose 
bre), by f)ower; it is used in the weaving of cotton, 
orfite<l, wtM>llen, silk and flax fabrics, to effect the 
ovemeut of the warp threads during weaving, for which 
idi required to be strong, smooth, and even. 

9. Worsted genappe chord, prepai'ed as in No. 8, and 
ed in the manufacture of braids, fringes, &c., its 
loothness enabling it to be well combined with silk; 
ige of qualities. 

lu. Worsted press bagging, used for making bags, in 
ich linseed, rape-seed, &c., ai-e cinished to extract the 
It is therefore required to be strong and durable, 
i not to mat together or felt, which would prevent 
I oil from piissing through it. 



1 SnEPARD & Perffxtt, Cro^s Hills Mill, Halifax — 

Manufacturers. 

I'otton and worsted, all worsted, and silk and worsted 

3ia(iks. 

Silk and worsted and cotton and worsted Victoria vel- 

: diunaj^ki*. 

silk and worsted and cotton and worsted Victoria vel- 

: table-cover. 

Plain and binx^e striped worsted poncho. 

K\\ the patterns are registered. 

Fhe manufacturers express their opinion that the 

.toria velvet damask and table-cover, are in a style that 

^ not been previously made in this country. 

Fhe article poncho is used by the natives of certain 

■is of South America as a cloak, or outer garment. 

e required length, when cut from the piece, has a slit 

de in it, for the head of the wearer to pass through. 



133 Barraclodgh, Wm., & Son, Halifax — Manufacturers. 
Samples of woollen cloths : — Scarlet, green, yellow, and 

Indigo blue, striped; and scarlet white list; crimson and 
drab druggets ; red union paddings, two kinds ; super red 
cloth paddings; brown, dark and light grey kerseys; blue 
linsey ; fancy warp tweed ; green, red, crimson, and blue 
printed linseys; white house cloth; crimson and green 
embossed table covers. Exhibited for cheapness of pro- 
duction and general utility. 

134 Ward, John Whtteley, Halifax — Manufacturer. 
Cotton and worsted damasks, yard-dyed, fast colours; 

woven in the power-loom, with Jacquard machine. 

Worsted damask, ingrain colour, and ingrain crimson, 
with borders, for draperies. 

Victoria table-cloth, made from cotton and worsted, 
dyed previous to weaving, fast colours. 



135 M'Cbea, H. C, Halifax — Manufacturer. 

Furniture damasks, piece and yam dyed. Cotton and 
worsted; all worsted; silk, worsted, and cotton; silk and 
worsted; and cotton and worsted, Geneva. 

Table-covers. Cotton and worsted; silk and worsted; 
and silk and woollen, yam-dyed. All registered. 

Poncho stuffs, all worsted, used in South America. 



136 Clay, J., &Son8, Halifax — Manufacturers. 

Linsey, for masons and carpenters' jackets. Plaiding, 
for drawers. Cricket jackets. Raised kersey. Milled 
kersey, for colliers' and excavators' smocks and coats. 
Fearnought, for dra3rmen's coats. Blue flannel, for colliers 
and sailors' shirts, &c. Galway or Irish flannel. Ironing 
blanket. 

137 Aked, J., & Sons, Halifax — Manufacturers. 

Pantaloons, plain cotton and worsted, yam and piece 
dyed. Fancy checks, yam dyed. 

Mixture coatings, cotton and worsted, yam and piece 
dyed. Plain lastings, and super worsted crapes, all wool. 
Cashmeres, cotton and woollen. 



138 Wilson, John, Forest Cottage, Ovetulen, near Halifax 

— Manufacturer. 
Ponchos, Mantuas, and shawls; in woollen, cotton, and 
worsted. 

139 Salt, Titus, Bradford, Yorkshire — Manufacturer. 
Alpaca manufactures: — Goods made from alpaca, with 

cotton-warp, dyed in the piece: alpaca lusti-es, black, 
various qualities ; coloured and chameleon, in three 
qualities ; alpaca Coburgs, bhick and coloured, various 
qualities ; figiu-ed alpaca lustres: twilled alpaca lustre 
linings, black, coloured, and various qualities ; serge 
alpaca lustre linings, black, various qualities ; coloured 
plain twilled and satin alpaca mixtures; coloured satin 
alpaca lustres. 

Goods made from alpaca, in its natural colours, \\'ith 
cotton-warj) mixtures : plain and twilled mixtures, and 
Croton coatings, various qualities. 

Goods made from alpaca, with silk-wai-p, dyed in the 
piece : Silk- warp alpivca lustres, black, coloured, juid 
chameleon, various qualities ; figured silk-warp alp>aca 
lustres, chameleon, vaiious qualities. 

(ioods made from alpaca, in its luituml colours, with 
silk-warp: alpaca mixture poplins; poplins, plain colours ; 
Chin<5 poplins; satiu-striped mixture poplins; silk checked 
poplins; chameleon silk- warp figured alpaca lustres; silk- 
warp summer coatings. 

Goods made from alpaca, with wai-p composed of silk 
and cotton, dyed in the piece : alpaca Incas, colours ; 
figured Amazonians, coloius ; figured silk-striped aljiaca 
lustres, colours; satin-striped alpaca lustres, black; um- 
brella cloth; alpaca Madelinas, colours. 

Goods made from alpaca, in its natural colours, with 
warp composed of silk and cotton : satin -striped alpaca 
mixtures; piu-asol cloth; figured alpaca amazonians; al- 
paca Madelina. 



402 



Classes 12 A 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Arkas L. M. N. 0. 10 TO 17, AND South Transept Galleet. 



[UyiTED 



Specimeiu of British alpacA wool, grown by the Earl of 
Derby. 

Spodmeiui of alpaca wool, from the weet ooaat of South 
America. 

AlplUA wool combed. Alpaca yarnn. 

Mohair manufacturer: — Goods made from mohair, with 
cotton-warp : serge linings, black and colours, varitms 
qualities, dyed in the piece ; chameleons, chiu^ and 
gause chameleon, yam-dved. 

Goods niatle from mohair, with silk-warp, yam-dyed: 
chin^, and chameleon poplins ; figured mohair amazo« 
nians, ^use chameleon and satin -striped. 

Specunens of mohair; also combed and in the yams. 

Moreens made from English and Russian wool, various 
qualities. 

Specimens of Russian wool ; also combed and in the 
yams. 

[The alpaca is an animal of the Llama tribe, inhabit- 
ing the mountain -region of Peru. The wool or lioir is of 
various shades of black, white, grey, brown, &c., and in 
remarkable for brightness and lustre, great length of 
staple, and extreme softness. This wool was brought 
into general use in this country about 16 years ago by 
the present exhibitor. Since that time the various ob- 
stacles in the way of its successful working have been 
quite overcome, and the alpaca manufacture now ranks 
as one of the most important branches of the Bradford 
worsted stuff trade. The articles produced from alpaca 
in combination with silk are especially noticeable for their 
softness and brilliancy. The bulk of the goods, however, 
are made with cotton warp, and when dyed and finished 
approach in lustre very nearly to silk. The following is 
the average yearly importation of alpaca wool into England 
since its first introduction, viz.: from 1836 to 1840, 7,000 
bales per annum; from 1841 to 1845, 13,000 bales per 
annum; from 1846 to 1850, 20,000 bales per annum. It 
is generally believed that this last amount is the utmost 
extent of production in Peru. 

The animal has not hitherto been very extensively 
cultivated in this country. H. R. H. Prince Albert has 
a small quantity at Windsor Park, and the Earl of Derby 
has a flock of about 60 at Knowsley. A specimen of Lord 
Derby's growth is now exhibited by Mr. Salt. Comiider- 
able difficulties have arisen in the rearing of these animals 
in England; but when more correct information is obtained 
as to their habits in their native district, these will most 
probably be overcome. Attempts are just now being 
made to introduce the alpaca into our Australian colonies, 
where the climate, from its great dryness, is believed to 
be congenial for its successful naturalization. 

Mohair or goat's wool is produced exclusively in Asia 
Minor. In its raw state it is superior in lustre to alpaca, 
and is wrought into many beautiful fabrics. The importa- 
tion of this article has increased from 5,621 bales in 
1841, to 12,884 bales in 1850. Mohair yam is largely 
exported to the Continent, where it has superseded the 
yam formerly spun in Turkey, and is there manufactured 
into Utrecht velvet for hangings, furniture, lining of 
carriages, &c., a branch of trade which is now gaining 
ground extensively in this country. 

Russian Donsky fleece wool is of a very coarse descrip- 
tion, and was first combed and brought into use in the 
worsted trade about 20 years ago by the present exhibitor. 
— G. T.] 

140 MiLLiGAN, Walter, & Son, Harden Mills, Bingley, 

Yorkshire — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered alpaca and silk furniture-cloths, and dress 
ffoods; satin-striped dress goods; damasks; manufactured 
by a patent process. 

Alpaca grogram coatings. 



Coatings, worsted, cotton, silk, &c. Mohair mixtuns. 

Specimens illustrative of the processes of the Alpacs 
and mohair manu£scturee, viz: — 

Fleece of alpaca wool from Peru, and a superior fleecs 
of mohair or goat's wool from Turkey. The same sorted 
into five distinct qualities for the wool-comber. The 
same on the wool -combs, showing the "sliver" or loi^ 
fibre of uuality. No. 4, used in the embroidered alpacas, 
exhibited as above, and the "noil" or portion of wool 
left on the comb after the sliver is drawn ojflT, and whidi 
is used for making heavy cloths, ladies' nK^iair doaka^ 
&c. The same in the various stages of jn^eparation and 
apinning until reduced to yam on the apool or weaver^i 
lA^bbin. 

141 Schwann, Kkll, & Co., Bradford — Proprietors. 
Worsted merinos, lastings, serge de Berry, satin aerge, 

says, figured Russells, velillos, cristales, cubicaa, and 
alepinas. Silk-warp Coburgs ; double-twill ; plain and 
figured Rtissells, and alpaca lustres ; dyed in Uie piece, in 
various colours. Silk-warp mixed alpacas, grey weft— 
natural colour of the wool. Cotton-warp Cohuigs; 
ditto, double-twilled; |lain and figured Ruasells; Orleans; 
demi, alpaca, mohair, and twilled alpaca lustres; says; 
linings, worsted weft; linings, mohair weft; figured Or- 
leans; plain and figured satins: dyed in the piece, in 
various colours. Cotton-weft lastings and serges de 
Berry; silk- weft and linen-weft lastings and serges de 
Berry: dyed in the piece, in various colours. Silk and 
cotton dresses, dyed in the yam. Cotton and worsted 
black and white checks ; cotton and worsted fancr 
dresses ; cotton, worsted, and silk dresses. Cotton and 
wool plaids. 

142 Rogers, G., Bradford — Manufacturer. 
Cobourg cloth of fine quality : silk and cotton warp. 

143 Foster, J., & Son, Black Dike Mills, near Bradford 

Manufacturers. 
Goo<ls made of cotton warp and alpaca weft; of cotton 
and silk warp, and alpaca weft; of silk warp and alpsca 
weft, and of cotton warp and mohair weft; crapes. Bilk 
striped and others; gros-de-Berlins, figured and others; 
alpaca coatings in various qualities, and varieties of shade; 
twilled alpaca silk checked fancy coatings; vestingi; 
chin^; damasks. Alpaca, mohair, and worsted yanii. 
Dyed by Mr. Joseph Holdsworth, Wakefield. 

144 JowETT, Thomas, & Co., Bin'jley, near Bradford, 

Yorksh ire — Manufacturers. 

Cotton warp, and alpaca weft, dyed black. 

Cotton warp, and dyed silk warp, and alpaca mixture 
weft, natural colours. 

White silk warp, and brown and black alpaca weft| 
naiuinU colour. 

White and dyed silk warp, and black silk warp.- 

Dyed silk warp, and black alpaca weft, figured, natural 
colour. 

Dyed silk warp, satin faced, and black alpaca weft; 
dyed silk warp, figured, ^^Hth black alpaca weft, suitable 
either for vestings or dresses. 

Cotton warp, plain and figiu^d silk stripe, with alpaca 
mixture weft. 

Dyed silk warp, and dyed linen weft. 

Dyed silk warp, and silk weft, figured, and white silk 
warp, and China grass weft, figured, for vestings. 

145 Harris & Fison, Bradford — Manufacturers. 
Circassian cloth : the weft is a combination of the finest 

wool and silk, which produces the glossy surfiEM^ it 
exhibits. 

Cloth woven from the hair of the Angola rabbit. 

146 Armitage, George, & Co., Bradford— Bjen, 
Orleans, Coburg, and Brazilian cloth ; mohair, silk 

and mohair, and silk and alpaca figures, of variouf 
qualities and colours, plain and shot. Exhibited oa spe- 
cimena of dyeing. 



KiMMnL' 



CuuwEs 12 & 15.~W00LLEN AND WORSTED. 
Arbas L. M. N. O. 10 TO 17, AKD South Transept Gallkrt. 



493 



PUia 
V nud 




•Ivarp 



TsoKL, A., & Co., Bnxdfiird — Maniifiicturera. 

Alpaca lu«trw Mid chjuneloons; plain chameleotm, 
wvft ; plain fancy stripes and check ; plain sat- 
id alpaca wvfi ; figured Orieans ; alpaca lustre 
twilled Mtteens and figures; figured Circaasians, 
Md cbacka, all in cotton waqis and piece dred. 

or mixed alpaca lustres, natural coloun, 
alpeea Instres, plain, stripes, checks, and figures, 
coloars and pieoe-d jed. 

cbameleons aod Bareges; fancy coloured 
and checks ; printed warp, Chinese fiuicies 
; silk figuras and stripes ; and checks, all 
dred msisrials. 
slpaoa ooarings, natural ooloun. 

Ii8 StPUBT, Edward & Son, Brodfurd, roriahir€—I>ym. 
(Miini cloths sBd Cohufg cloths, dy«d from white 



PUn 
<4 



Frmtk de laiaes and merinos. 
Ch&bf4 damasks, and alpaca and balmrine hrocadei^ 
frudaetd by a patented process. 
DtaMsk tablc-eorers. 
fhm halsaiiBM, dyed firom white warpe. 
AU erlrihited, as specimens of dyeing, kc. 

[TVs heanesB of the wonted-stuff dyer was formerly 
wif^asd to the oomparatively simple process of dyeing 
fondt eompoeed entirely of wool. The introduction of 
crttGe warpi in 1 H:U, with various combinations of silk 
«Wi|ocstly produced, rendered necessary more varied 
Md iatr«cate chemical processes, in order that a fabric 
fntty oaf d <if both Tcgctable and animal substances might 
W bimW in receire an equal and regular dye. The large 
iTiMi of the Bradford trade is, in a great measure, attri- 
^cukM u> the energy and skill of the dyers, by whom 
tbi r^^ect has been accomplished so effectually, that 
p¥^ Bade of white cotton warp and worsted weft can 
Wdjsdahnust, if not quite, as perfect in colour as French 
tm eumpoeed of wool alone. Home idea of the 
uf wurrted goods, dyed and finished, may be 
ir^M frucB the fMrt that the three largeHt dyeing esta- 
UMtoMSrts m Bradford can each turn out about 12,0<)0 
vecklr . in addition to which there are many dye- 
AiiAirou in nett^hbouhng townji priucipally supplied 
r::i C-^ls ffvm hndUm\.--i}. T.] 



li* CaAfciK. J., 8t Sox, Pnmfxct Mi/l, Thornton, near 
/.Vu»//'ir>y — Manufjcturvrs. 
L-£«trv Orlaaus, in different <jualitiee, blacks and 



!>♦ D«r«M09iD. J., /» '-'I' '/'>r</— Manufacturer. 

M.i«>i £al*noB. oimfMJMxl uf c«»tton, alpaca, and silk, 
yjkiA sfri frjpxrvd. for TeNttngit, drvaMes, &c. 



IM ^'lAMnm. H., linuif^mi Manufacturer. 

^f^czsAeXM -^f a>enu«j#. all wtx»l, vanouii qualities. 



\'2, VkiM%. Jamui. /•'/-. I,//. w./— Manufacturer. 

^«K-3;»eiM • f fii^rwl biiUiliaiiDw; tigur««l and pUin 
•^s .rftf«a». •uk ntniie* and checkn; ti^iretl w(>ri«t«<] 
*^^mm Mv i chiiM-w. titc^reil and plain alpaca lujPitreH, oipaca 
•b; cj»cr ra: It iineM. Al{»*ca auii wont«««l tij^^red cloHkiniO* 
•c«: ^.Zi.ui* . y.mxn and ti^ir««l <.>rlefinjii and C%>burKM; 
^f.* t0>% d 'uUe In ill. l>yt*«l hy Mennrn. Uipley & Son. 



'"slated Bl Habbop, /iViHZ/.M^/— Manufacturer*. 

4 

■'^*r% ci-<h«. \>\m\ antl c<>l«nir*, in vanoun c|tmlitic«. 
cl-^h«. bLick. Full twill clothi*. with Mik, 
aivi o^ttMO war|M. Hhawl cluthn, in vario s 
Um aft-i vuakf^. 

a»l <>rl«an« cl«'thii. black and coluum. Aliiaca 
biack. Afm-fos, bUck. Mureeuii, black and 
L'aum and worsted dsmsskt. 




Canton cloths. Linings and serge cloths, black. Fancy 
goods, in various styles. Alpaca mixtures, in Tarioua 
qualities and natural colours. 



155 Haggas, William, &Son8, KeighUy — Manufiusturers. 

Samples of Orleans, lustreen, worsted lining, and 
mohair. 

156 Shuttlbworth,Wiluaji, & Co., North Bierley, near 
Bradford — Worsted-spinners and Manufacturers. 



1. Piece of plain fustian. 

2. Low figured Orleans. 

3. 4, 5. Figured silk 
stripe. 

6, 7. Fancy figured silk 
stripe. 



8. Silk stuff— moundng. 

9. Low i^ain mixture. 

10. Shot silk stripe. 

11. The same checked. 

12. Fancy figured Orleans. 



157 Clapham, John, Bradford — Manufacturer. 

Net, cotton warp, and alpaca weft; net, cotton warp 
and worsted weft ; (joburg cloth, cotton warp and wonted 
wefi; diagonal lining, cotton warp and alpaca weft. 



158 Claphajc, Wiluax, WUsdaif near BingUy, TorktMrt 

— Manufacturer. 
Cobuig cloths, of various qualities and colours. 



159 Wall, Cockshot, & Wall, Linton Mills, near SkipUm, 
Vorksh ire — Manufacturers. 

Shaded tapestry ground, with various coloured silk 
figure, and bright varied shades in wool for dresses. 

Shot and printed ground Orleans, with coloured silk 
stripes. 

Fine Orleans cloth, in new colour, from a combination 
of various woold. 

Preparations of worsted yam. 



160 Morton, David, Baildon, near Bradford — 

Manufacturer. 
Euds of union tweeds. Cotton warp and woollen weft. 



1(31 Kershaw, S. & H., Laisterdyke, near Bradford-^ 

Manufacturers. 

Black Orleans clotluf, of various qualities. 



1(52 TowNEKD BaornERS, CulHntftcorih, near Bradford— 

Mauufacturera. 
WorBted heald yarmt, varioiui fohls ; wonted genappe 
yamA, and of voriouri degrees of twist ; mohair poplin ; 
worsted and molioir and alpaca yams ; mixed mohair and 
ali>aca yams ; wonftcd weft and warp yams. 



1G3 Semon, Siltzer, & Co., ///-.KZ/vr J— Proprietors. 

Orleans cloth, manufactured by Chapman & A^Tiitaker, 
Baildon. near Bradford; dyed bv J. M. Kirk. Halifax. 

OrleaUH cloth, manufactured by William Lund, Keigh- 
lev; dvwl bv J. M. Kirk. 

Orleonji cloth, luxtruH, and mixed lurttres, manufac- 
turvnl by J. & U. Timier, liortou, near Bradfonl: dyed 
by J. M. Kirk. 

l»)4 Vt.KLf William, k Co.. Hr.utfonl, Yorkshire — 

Manufacturt^n. 

(*obun^ clothn of ViU'ioUH (jualitieH and colours. 

Silk war]> iianmiattaf*, Hnuulianit. and sdk war|> double 
twillrt, blacki*. 

l»i.> BoTTOMLKT. MofiFJt. & SoxH, SK,If, nctr ILilifix — 
1 >ej<i|;iu»r^ and Manufacturers. 

Fipure*! An^joni, coui|NV(etl of niohiur and silk, for 
Uwlieirt' drivij*«*f«. 

KiiTurwl (tenoa lace. The pile hiin not before been 
pr'HiuttNl in Ktuff K*><^1>*> 

Fi^irt**! piuze IiM*e, eoin{»riiie<) (»f mohair and silk. 

Fi>nired mohair lustre, in different quaUttes and pat- 
tema, &c. 



404 



Clambs 12 iV 15.— WOOLLEN AXD WORSTED. 
Arkah L. M. X. O. 10 TO 17, AND South Transept Gaixert. 



TSITIB 



Ki^nirttal Or1i<«ini«. in ilifTcri'iit qualitieii, ttc., composed 
of worntatl an<l c«>tt«>n. for drttiWA*, &c. 

Mohuir rtortfo, in viirioiM jNittenw and qualitim, for 
c<i»t fiicinpi, &(*. 

(^rltviikM iMiTvi*. f>»r coat fm'ingi*, &c. 

Moliair liiHtn*, iiliun, coni]>«iiH,Hl of inobair and ci>tton, 
(if voriiniri tpmlitioi^. 

ir»r)A HoLIWWOBTU, J<MKI»H, U'.l*'/rV/'/— PytT Mid 

Kininher. 
IMocoM of Ktuff. nux('<l fH>»ric of cotton luid won«te<l, and 
cotton and nuthair, fignri'd and plain ; exhibited an 
H|>ocimeuft of dyeing. 



ItJG I lOLDHWORTH, John, & Co., //■»//■ ir, Y*>rk*fiir€ — 

Munuf;wturt*n«. 

Criniifon merino antl i;t\'cn <lurant, for lining rich da- 
]n:u(kM. Hla«'k and white otttillionfor laiiieM* nkirti^. 

IVinted Toumays, regiritered pattemM, umxl for fumi- 
tiirea. 

(irecu and pdd. criinaon. buff, blue and gold, gold and 
white, and f^old xilk and W(»n«tiNl daniaak. 

(Vinii«on and L'old. blue and nalnion, and crimson, 
gnvn. and ^old yam-dyc<i daniaitk. 

lUu«*, jriniffe an«l white. {'riini*on, Kr**en, and morone, 
and blue and Kalni<»n Viuii-dyed <lan)a<«k. 

(fH'en an<l white and drab luid whit<' union damank. 

(Jiraflle and white, blue an«l white, Ponceau ami white, 
fawn and white, and K<'ld and white union (hinia/«k, all 
reKirtteriNl d«*.<«i^nM ft>r funiiturea. 

Scarlet, drab, ^Mraffe. I'onceau. Kca-in^^^n, fawn, blue, 
nwte, criniHtm. gre«»n, nionme. and buff wornte*! damask 
for funiiturei*. Ponc«*au an«l Mea-ik^reen Turkey cloth 
<laina/4k. 

Cfr«H?n and pold, frn'<*n. crinwon, crimson and gold, 
prrecn, Halmon. and white, blue and gold (nilk) yiu*u-dye<l 
Turkey cloth damiu<k. 

Hoyal blue and bulf, crinwon and irold, cnmw>n. mo- 
rone, and gold, crimson, gold, and white nilk and wool 
damank. (Jreen and Ponceau merino curtjiin, <[uite new, 
all for fumiturca. 

Allx'rt, Victoria, merino, and silk antl wool table 
cover?*; regif*tere<l putteniH, 

Crii'won, HC.irlet, dnib, and Ponceau watered moreen, 
for furiiiturea. 

Coburg and Orleans cloths for la<liejj' di*OA*«ert. Black 
lining for coats. J )amaKk aprons. Merino damask. 

Serge de Berri, union, worsted, and nilk huiting for 
buttouf). 



ir»7 SUCDF.S, J., ^RkOTHHRm. I>>H'krofj.I.}fi/i<, /JtMrAVr/Zi /«;'/, 

Jinulfonl — Mimufacturei"H. 
Plain and Btriped calimancoa; stnuig worsted merino, 
union, and princetta wiys; Btrong union, and merino 
shalloonn; merinos; cubical; summer ch)thH. double 
twill; union princettas; bombaxct; worstCKl heiild yju-ns; 
worKted genapi>C8; mohair luid ali>aca genappes; soo sjm)- 
cimenB of yams, used in the manufacture of iM)])lins, &c. 



168 MiLNER, J., & Co., Cl'tyton, near liriul/oni - 

Manufacturers. 
Orleans. Worsted weft and cotton warp, in diflforent 
colours. 

169 Clark, J., 56 High Street , Bradford — Manufacturer. 
Table cloth, embroidered with thread on crimson 

sanienet. 



170 Slater, Henrt, Veadon, near Leeds — Manufacturer. 
Woollen netting, uaed by gardeners for the protection 
of the bloom of fruit-trees from frost. 



170a Nicbolbon, John, Bradford — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of cards. 

171 Roberts, H., Bradford — Manufacturer. 
Qrogan coatings. 



172 Tftlet, Mrs., Bradford — Producer. 

Embroidered quilt. 



173 Rand, John, & Sons, Bradford — Mannfacturang. 

Cobourg cloths, cotton war}), worsted weft, of differeBt 
qualitieM, blacks, and colours; Cobui^ cloths, first qoalitj; 
and with silk warp; merinos, moreens, and worsted ivaip 
and weft, single and double twill. Several of the pieoM 
exhibite<l are of the finest description of wonted goodi 
ever uuinufactured. 

[TIic following details will convey some idea of tlit 
progress and extent of the worsted stuff trade. MeHn, 
J. Rand & Sons' factory was built in 1803, and was tlie 
third erected in Bradford. The population of the tom 
and neighbourhood was then about 6,500; it is now 
estimate<l at 9o,oo<». There are at present in Torkshin 
(princi})ally in the |»arishes of Bradford, Halifax, Keigfalef, 
and Hingley), 418 worsted factories, with 746,281 spiodki^ 
ito.H.'Vf) power-looms, and employing 70,905 workpeople. 
Taking the worsted and woollen manufactures together, 
the increase during the last 16 years has been, in tbc 
nund>er of factories .'d per cent.; in the number of hasdi 
employed, 11»> per cent.—G. T.] 

174 HoRSFALL, J. G., & Co., Bradford — Kanufacturen. 

Henriett;i clotlis. with silk warp and worsted weft 
Fine Sjixonv cloth, all wool. 

t^ne Coburg cloth, with cotton warp and worked 
weft. 

Coburg cloth of various qualities. 



175 Tow SEND. Simeon, Thomtfrn, near Bradford— 

Manufacturer. 
Wort<te<l heald, and genappe yams, spun from Britiik 
wools ; healds, or harness for weaving woollens, wontedi, 
linens, cottons. Sec; braids, |>oplins, galloons, cord«, &e. 
maimfactureil from genap|>ti yams. 

170 Wiiitle\*, James, Morton, near Bingley, FwiWi**— 

Manufacturer. 

Ali^aoa yams on spools prepared for weaving. 

Mixed ali>aca :uid mohair yams on spools prepared for 
weaving, in vaiiou.** coloui-s. 



177 Sharp, David Wilkinson, Binglcy — Manu£ictunr. 

AliKU'a yai7is on weaving bobbins, prepared by Roei'i 
new proecHM, with imj>rovements. 

Moluur yam on spinning bobbins, two-fold in the hank, 
and in colours. 

Mohair yam, single in the hank. 

Slivers of mohair, combed. 

Worstetl vam c»n weavers' bobbins. 



178 QriTZow, Sciileki.ncer, & Co., Bradford^ 

Pi-oprietors. 

Berlin wool, in vaiious folds and colours, spun and 
dye<l in EngliUid. 

Flax, produced by the new i)atent process of Mr. P. 
ClauMsen, viz., fiax in the straw, showing on the nms 
stems the fibre both unprepai-cd and prepared, and also 
unbloachod, bleached, and dyeii various colours; carded 
flax-fibre, unbleached, bleached, and dyed; heckled flax- 
fibre, long flax-fibre, unbleached and bleached. 

Yams, spun fn)m the above flax, alone, and mixed with 
cotton, wool, and silk. 

[To the ])resent time it has been considered impoasible 
to apply existmg cotton machinery to the manufacture of 
flax. Mr. P. Claussen considers that this difficultv now 

m 

no longer exists, and that by processes adopted by him, it 
is possible to prei>are a kind of "cotton" from flax, 
suitable for a lau^e number of manufacturing purposes, 
and ciipabld trf 'being spun in tolerably high numbers. 
A peculiar i>art of Mr. Claussen's patent is the bleaching 
of flax and its disintegration, which is said to be effected 



3 



0LA88BI 12 & 15.— WOOUiEN AND WORSTED. 
AsKAB L. M. N. 0. 10 TO 17, akd South Tbaksbft Gallbbt. 



m 



(hori wptiee of time. I^ t this is 

10 chemical force of th >f oar- 

gMy or the mixture ot an »«»«& wxsn idb car- 
kali, in which the flax is steeped. — ^R. £.] 

IIMIMMKIWIIIM, WnxxAM, Bradford, Toi^ksMre — 

IVonrietor. 
m, illostratiii^ tke aTerage quality of combing 
I each county m England, 
of Irish, Scotch, and Welsh long wool. 

BBnxim, J., BrM^ord--UBnu&iCivtrer. 
Oobuig cloths and satteens, silk and cotton 



onwoUR, J., 6 Cheapsiie, Bradford-- 

Manufacturer. 
id flgured Orieans, embroidered with silh and 

• 

doth, embroidered with gold and sUyer. 
I wonted mixed lustres, embroidered with two 
sUk, in different designs: silk waip and mixed 
rft. The embroidering is done by machinery, 
i so as to embroider figures in any part of the 
i to eooQomise the quantity of silk used in the 
i of the designs. 

BGOBT Bbothebs, ^ra<yorrf--MannfiictnrerB. 
ibiioB of alpaca and mohair. 

OHXii Bbothxbs, Banbury — Manufkcturera. 
table-coren. Chinese prints for Testings, 
idles. Angora yelyet plushes for vestings. 
iTet for furniture and linings of carriages, &c. 
wool top and yam. 

1^ Henbt, & Co., Darlington — Manufacturers. 
08 of worsted manufiuiture. Series of samples, 
I various stages, from the fleece to the finished 

r Cobuig cloth, 6 and 7 quarters wide, made of 
re, Cheviot, South Down, Australian, and 
•ol, in brown, black, green, royal blue, scarlet, 
French grey colours. 

f double twill, 7 quarters wide, made of South 
itralian, and Saxony wool, in claret, sea-green, 
>lue colours. 

e pieces az^ used for ladies' dresses, 
f coatings, 7 quarters wide, in very dark blue 
colours. These are used for gentlemen's 
lats. 

jera affixed to the specimens of cloth for ladies' 
er to corresponding marks affixed to the patterns 
^ in the same case. 

rated manufactory was established in 1732, and 
oyment at present to 1,000 hands. 

BIT & Co., Abingdon Street, Portland Street , 

Mcmchester — Manufacturers, 
velvet, for decorations, furniture, upholstery, 
;e linings. 

RlCHABDSON, & Wroe, Chancery Lane, Manchester 

— Manufacturers . 
chene. Chene bardge de Valenciennes. Chene 
Barege robe de Verona. 

f, R. &T., GalasJiiels, Scotland — Manufacturers, 
ool plaids. Specimens of Scotch tweeds. 

Cochrane, J. & W., Galashiels, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
m of Scotch tweed trouserings. 



190 Gill, Robert, IwDeHeHhen, Sootland—MasinSae^xacer, 

Regimental tartans of the 79th or Cameronians, the 
93rd or Sutherland, the 92nd or Ck>rdon, the 71st or 
Mackenzie, and the 42nd or Royal HighlanderB ; the 
" setts" taken from Logan's " Scottish Qael;" in a sum- 
mer fiekbric of cloth, made of fine Saxony wool, fuid a 
shepherd's cloth. 

The Roval tartan, the Royal Highlanders, the Mao 
Kenzie, the Sutherland, and the hunting MacDonald 
tartans, in &brics for ladies' dresses, made of Saxony 
lambs' -wool. Specimens of other Scottish &brics for 
ladies' wear. 

191 Inglis & Bbown, Qalaahieh, Soothmd—' 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of Scotch tweeds. 

192 LeeBj R. & G., Qcdashieh, Scotland — Manufacturers. 
Plaids: — 42nd tartan. Mackenzie, Forbes, Frazer, Yid- 

toria^ Royal Stewart, M'Neil, Gordon, and Shepherdess 
(large and small check). 

Shawls: — ^Frazer tartan, Royal Stewart, 42nd, Gordon, 
and Shepherdess. 

Cloakmgs: — ^FVazer tartan, M'Kenzie, 42nd, Victoria^ 
Royal Stewsrt, Forbes, and Gordon. 

193 Clappbbtom, T. & G., Gakuhieia, Scotland^ 

Manufacttorers. 
Scotch Stewart and fancy plaids. Scotch tweeds. 

194 Ballamttme, Hekrt, & Son, Gaiaahiob, SootUmi^ 

Manufacturers. 
Ladies' woollen scarfisi or shawls. Woollen tartans for 
ladies' dresaes. Scotch tweeds. 



195 Sms, Jambs, & Co., Galaahieb, Scotland^ 

Manufiieturers. 
Plaids as worn by the Scotch Highland regiments. 
Ladies' Scotch plaids, shepherdess and fancy. Gentle- 
men's royal Stewart plaid. Pieces, Scotch tweed vestings. 
Specimen of wool and jam, showing the different stages 
of manufacture. 

196 Sanderson, R. & A., & Co., Galashiels, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Scotch woollen clan and fancy plaids. Gentlemen's 
plaids. 

197 Fyfk, Alexander, & Co., 77 Queen Street, Glasgow 

— Manufacturers . 
Twelve pieces of new dress fabrics. One dozen fancy 
cotton shawls; one dozen imion shawls. 



197a Knox, A. L, 9 Cochrane Street, Glasgoic — 

Manufacturer. 
Material for dressing-gowns. 

198 Rainet, Knox, & Co., 8 St. Vincent Place, Glasgoic — 

Manufacturers. 
Shawl dresses for robes de chambre, wool and cotton, 
each 4J yards long, and 41 inches broad. 



199 Laird & Thomson, Ingram Street, Glasgo 

Manufacturers. 
Set of clan patterns in gala cloth. 



w & SiBBALD, Galashiels, Scotland — 
Manufacturers, 
reed iarouserings. 



200 Wingate, Son, & Co., G/rts^oir— Manufacturers. 
Harness woven long and square shawls; printed Bai*5ge 

and cashmere and woven woollen shawls. Woollen goods 
in the piece. 

201 Campbell, J. & W., & Co., 34 Candleriggs Street, 

G lasgoic — Proprietors. 

Scotch printed goods; texture all wool; viz.: — barege 
handkerchiefs, British manuftvcture ; cashmere handker- 
chiefs, French manufactiu*e ; square shawls, British and 
French manufacture. 

Grenadine silk shawls, British manufacture. 

Fine and super cashmere d'ecosse long shawls, texture 
all wool, and French manufacture. 



kl5.] 



[Official Illustrated Cataixxiue.] 



^^ 



496 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abeas L. M. N. 0. 10 TO 17, AND South Transept Gallery. 



Ghrenadine, fine and super bar^ long shAwla, ground 
BritUh manufaoture. 

Bai^ge mufflers, on French ground, Scotch printed, 
and on cotton and wool ground, British manufacture. 

Embroidered square shawls, fabric silk and wool, 
French manufacture and Scotch embroidery. 

Filled long shawls, Scotch manufacture. 

202 Cbobs, "William, 62 Queen Street, Glatffote, and 

45 Fi-iday Street, London — Manufacturer. 
Various Saxony wool shawls; clan, shepherdess, and 
fancy patterns, square ; and long Byzantine style, fancy 
pattern, pure cashmere; and checked and plain Saxon j 
wool plaid dresses. 

203 QiLMOUR, William, & Co., Okugow — 

Manufacturers. 
Scotch woollen tweed trouserings ; Scotch woollen 
■ix-quarter Saxony tartans. 

204 Black & Wincate, Glasgow — Manufacturers. 

Samples of cotton yam, spun by the exhibitors. Raw 
cotton cloth, as from power-loom. 

Cheapest cotton Scotch lawn handkerchiefs; one dozen 
fine cotton law^n handkerchiefe. One doeen cheapest 
and one dozen fine cotton Scotch cambric handkerchiefs. 
One dozen cheapest embroidered comer cotton handker- 
chiefs; four handkerchiefs, fine, of the same description. 

Two dozen Scotch cambric handkerchiefs, fancy bor- 
ders, &c. Scotch cambric handkerchief, imitation em- 
broidery, in the loom. 

A piece of fine cotton Scotch cambric. A piece of fine 
{ bishop's lawn. A piece, fine ) bishop's lawn. 

One dozen cotton fancy shirt fronts, all woven in the 
loom. A linen shirt front, woven in the loom. 

Three fancy linen handkerchiefe. Two dozen fancy 
printed cotton handkerchiefe. Six fancy printed linen 
nuidkerchiefis. 

A lady's printed cotton bonnet. 

205 LBAxmETTER, J., & Co., Okugow — Manufacturers. 
Pieces of fancy Unen, entire; mixed and union. Linen 

" listados." Fancy linen drills. 

206 Baumann & WuNSCH, Olasgov — Agents for 

Manufacturers and Exporters. 
Printed shawls of wool, worsted, and cotton, of various 
styles, dimensions, and qualities; printed cotton shawls 
and handkerchiefs in same variety. Linens, in various 
stages of manufacture. Mixed fabrics. ' 

207 Helme, W., New Mills, 5^roud— Manufactiu-er. 
Cassimere waistcoats, of various colours and texture. 

Single-milled and half -milled doeskin. Cashmerette, silk 
warp, woollen wefts. Cassimeres. Sardinians for waist- 
coats. 

208 Grist, M., CapeU Mills, Stroud— Manufacturer, 
Specimens of mattress-wools, woollen millpufiBs, and 

flocks, used for filling beds and stuffing mattresses, sofa 
cushions, couches, Sec. Manufactiu^d by improved ma- 
chinery, and purified during the process. 

209 Marling, S. S., & Co., Ebley MilU, Stroud^ 

Manufactiu^rs. 
Superfine broad cloth, single-milled, wool -dyed, woaded 
black, &c. ; superfine doeskin, treble, double, single, and 
half-milled; superfine cassimere, single-milled. 

210 Hooper, C, & Co., EastingUm Mills, Stroud— 

Manufactiu^rs. 
Cloths, wool-dyed, woaded, piece-dyed, &c., viz., broad, 
black, blue, medley, scarlet, waterproof, fancy coloured, 

&c. 

Single-milled cassimere, black and scarlet. 
Patent elastic trousering, and gloving cloth. 

211 Platne, p. p. & C, iVai/sioortA—Manufacturers. 
Specimens of single-milled, woaded, wool-dyed, black 



cloth; superfine, woaded, wool-dyed, ladies* 1 
and woaded, wool-dved, black medium cloth, 
taining specimens, illustrative of the procest 
facturing Woollen cloth. 

212 Partridge, N., Bowbridge, Stroud — Des: 

Double-colour woollen cloth, for office 
dividing saloons in the East, curtains, &c. i 
improved red. 

213 Palling, William, Lover Mills, Painsi 

Manufacturer. 
Piece of double-milled scarlet htmter, dyec 

wide. 

Piece of double-milled cloth, dyed, 54 inch* 
Piece of double-milled white, undyed, for t; 

waistcoats. 

Piece of fine singlo-milled scarlet, 63 Inches 
Piece of billiard cloth, 72 inches wide. 
Billiard cloth, green^ piece dyed. 



214 Davies, R. S., & Sons, Stonehouse Mills, 

Manufacturers. 
Nash scarlet cloth, for officers* full unif 
cloth for undress jackets. White cloth for 
Scarlet cloth, for foreign uniforms. Woaded 
black cloth; single-milled cassimere; double- 
single-milled doeskin. 



215 Sampson, Thomas, Lightpill Mills, Stroitd- 

Machine for twisting the fringe of wool shav 
West of England wool shawls. Twilled bli 
Scarlet flannel. 

216 OvERBURT, JofilAH, Nind and Monk Mills, n 

itnder-Ldge, Gloucestershire — Manufactu 

Superfine Saxony woollen cloths, wool-dye< 

black, rifle, and medley, and blue-indigo, dye< 

217 Phillips, Smith, & Philups, Melksha 

Manufacturers. 
Sample pieces of fine Saxony broad cloth, o 
woaded olive (of different shades), woaded rifle 
dyed black. 

218 Edmonds & Edmonds, Bradford, Wi 

Manu£eu;turer8. 

Piece of superfine woollen wool-dyed black t 
on a patent principle. 

Piece of superfine blue cloth, made on the 
ciple. 

Piece of superfine woollen cloth, waterprooi 



219 Barnes, Elizabeth, 35 Queen Street, C 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
Coimterpane, composed of 9,851 pieces, 
shape, and about the size of a shilling, with 
amber-coloured satin, quilted, of same size 
and a quilted lining; the whole the work of a] 

220 I^BTERS, Daniel, 44 College Green, Brii 

Manufacturer. 

Black single-milled kerseymere. 



221 Chick, Robert, Knapp Mills, near Chard 

Manufacturer. 
Samples of drab cloth, made of English woe 
loom. 

222 Phillips, John, Knapp Mills, near Chard 

Manufacturer. 

Striped linsey wolsey, blue and white, mac 
and wool. Plain blue Imsey, and white linsey 
flax and wool. 

These articles were formerly much u» 
middle and lower classes for aprons and pett 
are again coming into general use, especia 
inmates of Union houses, and charitable J 
They aie durable and close in texture. 



RniODOii.] 



CLA88E8 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Tbansept Gallery. 



497 



223 BiBD, R., Crevckeme — Manufacturer. 

Lmen, worsted, white and coloured linen and worsted, 
veba for girths, braces, &c. 

224 Staston & Son, Lcmd9 Mill, Fordington, near 

Dorchester — Manufacturers. 
Drab milled waterproofed cloths, made from English 
wool; lued for driving capes, coachmen's great-coats, box- 
coati, livery coats, gaiteiB, &c. 

22o Allen, QfiOECB, St. Stephens Street, Noncich — 

Manufacturer. 
Biitic eloiht for trousers, gloves, &c. 

226 Allxv & Ranks, 21 London Street, Norwich— 

Proprietors. 
East Anglian woollen cloths for gentlemen's wearing 
apparel, manufactured from wooKgrown in the county of 

KorfolL 

227 Qasvie & Deas, Perth — Manufacturers. 

Lioaey-woolsey, for ladies' dresses. Hand-knitted hose. 
Haadloom grass-bleached cotton shirting, &c. Cotton 
and linen bed-tick. 



228 Cboxbie, Jakes, & Co., Cothal Mills, Aberdeen — 

Manufacturers. 
Scotch tweeds, of various qualities. 



229 Thomson, W., Stonehaven, Scotland — Manufacturer. 

Piece of cloth, being a specimen of a method of work- 
mt; up engine waste, into floor-cloth or carpeting. 

The specimen claims notice only as exhibiting an easy 
mkI inexpensive method of working up the coarsest engine 
^'wte into an article of general utility. The warp is linen 
or tow jram twisted, nine pounds per spindle. The weft 
i< made of the least val\iable portion of the waste that 
^li from the wool-carding engines; slubbed or spun 
thirty-gix to forty poimds per spindle. The warp is set 
^ftrrthin, nine threads to the inch, woven plain. The 
pattern is produced by doubling and dipping one end of 
the hank of weft into the dye vat, and in weaving it falls 
into the pattern exhibited. The cloth is durable, from 
tbe r.arp threads being covered and protected on both 
si'les by the weft. 

2]0 Brcxton, Wm. J., & Co., St. Leonard's Factory, 
Edmhurtjh— Designers and Manufacturers. 
\ variety of fine wool 8cai*f shawls, vai'iously named. 
Suj>erior gentlemen's plaids — the Duurobin. 
'Sj«cinjen of German lambs' wool and yam, of which 
tie aha wis are made. 

2')1 Bowman, James, & Son, Langholm — Manufacturers. 

Shepherd check tweeds, of Scotch and Australian 
wool. 

Fancy shepherd tweed, and fine shepherd check of 
Australian wool. 

Shepherd check imion, and shepherd union of cotton 
and w<H>l. 

Gentlemen's shepherd plaid of German wool. 

2 >2 BvKRS, Andrew, & Son, Lan/jhohn — Manufacturers. 
.'^J»eci^len of union Khepherd's tweed, cotton twist warp 
aijd Che\i<.t wool weft, for trouserings, and of 0-6 shep- 
html's tweed, mado of strong Cheviot wool. Granite 
tv.»rt-.l, el.i.-itic, of foreign wool, double twist. Shepherd's 
twt5e«i. cla>^tic, double twist, of foreign wool. 39-iuch 
lins<:y, mawle of cott^^n twist and woollen weft. 0-0 shep- 
hfni\"< jicarf, for plaid, made from fine foreign wool, 
double yam. Railway plaid, or wrapper, luivde from 
d4>able twist yam, foreign wool. 4-4 shepherd's tweed, 
eLte^tic, double twist, from foreign wool. 

2^J3 Rexwick, Thomas & Alexander, Langholm — 

Manufacturers. 
Specimena of linsey-wolsey weft, Eskdale shepherd plaid, 
bzkI Scotch hosiery yam; Scotch tweed and marble yam 
of Auiitralian wool. 



234 D1CK8ON8 & Laings, Hatcxck and Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 

Scotch lambs'-wool hosiery, &c., of various descriptions, 
patterns, and qualities, including men's hose and half- 
hose. Highland clan tartans, women's hose, men's shirts, 
gauze shirts, long drawers, ladies' vests and dresses, &c. 

Clan tartan ; shepherdess tartan, and fancy tartan wool 
plaids. Cheviot, Australian, and Saxony wool trouser- 
ings. 

235 Smith, J. & Sons, Saddleioorth, near Manchester, 

Agents, NiELD and Collandeb, London. 
Fine and superfine and silk warp and stout flannelB; 
fine and superfine and silk warp. 
Shawls and scarfs for printing. 



236 Haigh, Thomas, & Sons, 9 New Brown Street, 
Manchester — Manufacturers. 
Black broad cloth. The same, wool and cotton. 



237 Bamfobd, John, RocMale, Lancashire — 

MaJiufacturer. 
Fine gauze flannel, manufactured from sheep's wool. 

238 Lewis, William, Llandilofawn, Wales — 

Manufacturer. 
Welsh woollen cloth. 



239 Peabson, J., Carlisle — Manufacturer. 
Woollen and cotton trouserings. 

240 Dalrymple, William, Union Mills, Douglas, Isle 

of Man — Manufacturer. 
Shepherd plaid, cloth made from Australian wool. 
Striped and Tweed cloth and shepherd plaid, made from 
the wool of the island, and manufactured by the natives. 

241 Whitmore & Co., Leicester — Manufacturers. 

Worsted yams for hosiery, fleecy, and for embroidery 
and soft knitting. 

242 Brewin & Whetstone, Leicester — Manufacturers. 
Worsted and meiino yams. 

243 Burgess, Alfred, & Co., Leicester — Spinners. 
Berlin wool embroidery yams, spun by the exhibitors, 

from German and colonial wools. 

Soft and hard knitting yarns. 

Shetland, embroidery, weft, hosiery, alpaca, mohair, 
and other yams, single imd doubled. 

Specimens of the different wools used in the manufac- 
ture of these yams, and in the various stages of prepara- 
tion, until finished into yams. 

244 Poppleton, R., Wcstgate, Wakefield — Manufiictiu*er. 
Manufactured knitting worsteds and yarns. 

245 Wilson, John J. & W., Kendal — Manufacturers. 

llailway wrappers plain, and with varied design and 
colour on both sides. Stout horse-clothing; also, fine 
and light clothing, for race-horses. 

240 Gandy, Gerard, Kemld — Manufacturer. 

Brace, gii"th, and roller webs, in worsted and woollen 
and manufactured entirely with worsted. 

Horse slieetings, railway blaukets, blue and white 
seyes, broad and niu-row collars-checks, with other woollen 
ailicles for the use of saddlers. 



247 Ireiand, Joun, & Co., Knidd — Manufacturers. 

Railway travelling rugs of various qualities, and hospital 
bed-rugs. Horse blankets of various qualities. Alpaca 
cloth for ponchos, coatings, &c. Saddlecloths, for foreign 
markets. Prince's check and kei-sey, for horso clothing. 
Serge imd collar chock, for sivldlery puri>ose8. Saxony 
lining. Tilting, for horso clothing, &c. 

Checked flannel, for shirting. 

2 R 2 



498 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Transept Gallert. 



[Ukitbd 



Plaiding, for Bailors' shirts. 
Lisbum check, for horse clothing. 
Linsey and drugget, for women's clothing. 
Qentlemen's scarfs (shepherds' plaid pattern). 

248 Mansell, David, Brecon — Manufacturer. 
A variety of woollen goods. 

249 Martin, J., CockermmUh — Inventor. 
Ventilating waterproof cloth and paper. 

Improved mode of making all kinds of cloth and 
paper, including silk, net, laco, &c., complete rej^ellants 
of moisture. 

The paper is manufactured by I. Cropper, Esq., Bume- 
side, near Kendal. 

250 Salter, Samuel, & Co., Trotrbndge, Wilts — 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of fine woollen trouserings, comprising fancy 
plaids, ribbed checks, doeskin, black cross rib, black 
el»«tic, black deerskin, black fancy elastic, military mix- 
ture, and elastic Angola. 

251 Hughes, Robert, Treijnrth, Bangor ^ Wales — 

Manufacturer. 
Oown pieces of Welsh linsey, and apron of the same, 
woven in a loom, invented and constructed by the 
exhibitor. 

252 Wilson, W., & Sons, Hatnck — Manufacturers. 
Scotch mauds, and travelling wrappers. 

253 MiLUB, Elizabeth, Dolgelly — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Linsey dresses, mixed with silk. Linsey aprons. 
Waistcoat-pieces, made of Welsh wool. 
Welsh cloth, for gentlemen's shooting-clothes. Cricket 
cloth. Merionethshire web. 



254 LlOYD, Wm., & Co., Newtown, Montgomery, Waies — 

Manufacturers. 
Various specimens of Welsh flannel, all manufactured 
from sheep's wool. 

255 PiM Brothers & Co., Dubiin — Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of plain Irish poplin, double tabinet, corded, 
tartan, and figured poplins, registered designs; brocaded 
poplin. 

256 Atkinson, Bichard, k Co., 31 College Green, Dublin 

— Proprietors. 

Brocaded and gold-barred Irish poplin, with rose, 
thistle, and shamrock coloured to nature. 

Gk)ld tissue Irish poplins, patteiii, Prince of Wales's 
plume. Irish poplins, brocaded, ribbed, and double; 
double watered, demi -ribbed, and plain; and shaded, 
plaided, and figured. 

Brocaded and tissued Irish poplin scarfs ; Irish popliu 
waistcoatings tissued with gold ; and brocaded and figured. 

Striped furniture and figured tabourets. Specimens of 
all kinds and qualities of Irish poplins. 



257 WiLLANS Brothers & Co., Island Bridge Mills, near 

Diiblin — Manufacturers. 
Albert and brown mixture, super frieze. 
Cambridge mixture, tweeds for shepherd's plaids. 
Officers', Serjeants', and privates' znilitary tartan. 
Woollen shawl yam. 

258 Dillon. Luke, 7 Parliament Street, Dublin — Designer. 
Pieces of fidezes and "nimswizzles," of different coloiirs 

and Bubstancea; comprising light angola, medium and 
heavy materials for clothing purposes. 

The rumswizzle is made from undyed foreign wool, 
preserving its natural property of resisting wet, and 
possessing the qualities of oommon cloth. 



259 Allen, Richard, 28 Lower SackvilU Street, DMv^ 

Proprietor. 

Irish-made heather tweeds, of various shades. 

Irish frieze, natural colour, undyed. 

Superfine and napped frieze. 

Sheep's grey frieze, county Meath colour. 

Dark grey nrieze, Connaught colour. 

Black cassimere embroidered vests. 

This portion of Irish manufacture, Ut, probably, one of 
the most interesting in Ireland. The designs we by 
James Healy, a pupil of the Dublin School of Deaign. 
They are worked by Miss Hamilton and others. 

Irish lawn embroidered vest pieces. Linens, wioiiB 
qualities. 

Irish linen shirt fronts and Irish linen shirts; exlii- 
bitod for quality and work. Frieze wrapper, for gentle- 
men, lined with Irish tabinet. 

Irish sheep's grey and undyed wool frieze pea coats. 
Four-in-hand frieze \*Tapper. Black tweed morning coal. 
Heather-tweed shooting coat. Tweed youth's morning 
coat. Frieze youth's polka jacket. FVieze Connaught 
man's coat. 

The preceding are exhibited for manufacture, work- 
manship, and costume. 

Fancy tabinet vests. 

Frieze embroidered vests of black cloth. Lawn em- 
broidered vests. Linen coats. 

Samples of fi^ired and double-watered tabinets, nu- 
nufactiured by Edward Jones, of 3 St. Andrew Street, 
Dublin. 

260 Macdona, O., 32 Molesworth Street, Dublin— 

Manufacturer. 
Piece of frieze, designated the "Albert frieae.** 
Pieces of heather and black tweeds. 
Patent drawers, with bands attached. 
Black embroidered tabinet vesting, embroidered gold. 
Black embroidere<l cloth vesting, embroidered gold. 



261 NiooLLs, Alexander, Cork, Ireland — ^Manufiicturer. 
Blankets, flannels, swanskins, and friezes. 



262 Murphy, Margaret, Ballysmutton, Blesmton, Irdcni 

— Manufacturer. 
Home-made frieze, from wool grown and spun by 
exhibitor. 

263 Neill, Catherine, & Sons, Tallaght, Dublin— 

Manufactm^rs. 
Brown mixed, and sheep's grey fneze. 
Blankets. 



264 Daly, John, Tipperary, Cashel, Ireland — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of plain friezes, of various colours, chiefly 
used for men's clothing, and horse-sheeting. Manu&c- 
tured at Roesmore mills. 



265 Jones, E., Dublin — Manufiactorer. 
Specimens of tabinets and poplins. 

266 Reynolds, William, 81 Orafton Street, DubUn— 

Designer and Manufacturer. 

Imperial blue and gold, and white and gold tissue 
poplin. 

White and gold, marone, light blue and silver corded, 
white and gold shamrock figured poplin. 

Imperial blue and amber ("oncidium Devonianum"), 
crimson and fawn colour furniture poplin. 

Imperial blue and white striped, pink and white, sage 
and violet, cerulean blue and white, cerulean blue and 
cerise, peach -blossom, jonquil, lavender, amaranthe, rose 
de Chine, white, apricot, and Imperial blue double- 
watered furniture poplin. 

Scarlet, "juif errant" green, and emerald unwatered 
furniture poplin. 

Rose de Chine and white corded furniture poplin. 

Jonquil, apricot, and cerulean blue semidouble corded 
poplin. 



I.] 



Olamm 12 & 16.— WOOLLB^ AND WORSTED. 
AuyLB L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and Soxtth Tbansbft Galleet. 



m 



jgaj, iribiia^ blna^ and owiw^ tri-ooulenr duon- 

r«d poplin. 

il hliu^ tnm And MMrlefc, finm and Tiolefe Mtin 



and wbJtbB, aolitMra and wliito, and pearl and 

idadpc^tlin. 

Hetoria^ Bojal Albert Bojal Stuart^ andGk>rdon 

plin. 

d blue and ivldia ciiednd popHn. 

Midad and atona-ookmr aemidouble po^in. 

a blne^ ooolaiir da roae, «nd ven dlUy |^ 

■ and ainbar fbnutim poplin (Sbrewabnr 



V, WouxAK, ft Co., jDuitti— MantifSMsturen. 

Uffioa; plain and ahadad, figurad, watered 

u^ and brocaded poplina. 

m, fignredf atrq^ and Telvet tabareta. 

mannfiiekirea and email warea. Falteni 



uur, J., ft Co., WSiMy— ManufiMstaren. 
ty of WHney blanketa. 

aax, RnwAKD, TWIwy— MarnifiMstnrer. 

blankela, made from difbrent deacriptiotta c 
ook. 

a made fr«m merinoe; from balf-bred merinoe: 
» Soatb-downa; frx>m half-bred Downs; froi 
re loQg wool; from Cotawold wool; and from - 
if the prerknia lota, and aome WeUh Iambi 

crib blankete, girth and roller weba, &o. 

DM, WxixiAH, Chopping Kortm, Ojtfordthire-^ 

Mannfacturar. 
chad: for winter horse-clothing; in new and 
tetna, with a spedmen suit of horse-clothing, 
iUt bordered. 

■ed double kerMj check for improyed venti- 
ne-^othing, combining the advantages of a 
ne-cloihing and a blanket; various patterns, 
men suits made up in a new method, 
le kersey check for clothing race -dorses ; various 
with a specimen suit, and a suit of blanket 
>r training race-horses. 

check for summer horse-clothing, in new 
prith a suit of clothing. . 

irebbing for horse-clothing. Qirth, belt, and 
bing. Railway aprons. 

cnna beaver cloth, fine, for ladies' cloaks; and 
gentlemen's great-coats, 
for gentlemen's trousers. 

pstered Alpa Vicuna Royal shawl; specimens 
ttems and ooloun. 

Royal ahawls, in various patterns and colours. 
iwIb. 

•ed winter coverlets for bed^. 
srlet, woven in imitation of the Indian tambour 
;-work, and ornamented -with needle-work. 
I "puss" bagging, shown iu various substances 



puss** cloth. Venetian cord, in a variety of 



Narrow oloth for trooien, made of the same wool, 
with aamplea of the raw material, in varioua atagea of 
manufacture. 

273 Gau, T. ft W., TiMrUm MUh, ^a<4— Manufkotoren. 
Snperelectond bine oloth (indigo-dyed), and flMt black 

cloth, firom Qerinan wool. Bath nir beaver, and dreaaed 
fnr— fine Auatralian wooL Bztra-miUed bhudL beayer, 
and black Venetian, or summer cloth — ^Qerman wooL 

274 JoHNaroN, J., ITmemSi, JBtgin, iSbolAsid— Mannfboturer. 
^ Mauds, or jplaida, made of undyad pr natural brown 
l»nol. of different kinds and oountriee, vis., Gheviot, 

down, Australian, Peruyian, Alpacp^ Vicuna, &e. 
are immI aa a wrapper for the ahonldwa in waUdng» 
N ihe SB in driymg. 

<«- ty yarda eaoh, natoral brown tweed, of 

»>«, waterproofed. These olotha are eihlbitod 
ji and durability. 



tok 



(13 til SoM lismmpt GaUery. 
IfaUery of the 2Vai«pf . 



iftCkmx 



275 Kmu ft SooTT, 31 and 

Warehouooiui 
V and aqnare grek*. 

L "-ool. Square aati^ .« 

-^ apoldandailk. 8qna.«Ji 

»'^ and hameaa, woye ***d ' 

.. «<Mare Albanian; long a « 



L 
1 



and 



Square onqpea, n <u ui imih»w«. f 



lad square wool 
1 of cole 
i»nd 



re 



'*isn and fancy 
i] clan 

Long 
'■*siMrlet 



276 



ured 
A by 



EELER, WiULiAM SiDNEY, 4 Ludjate Street, 

— Manufacturer, 
of patent fur beavers; patent dress beavers; 
hair cloUis ; fancy doeskins, and woolleu and 

98. 

relty of the above patent mohair cloth and 
vCTs Ib in Uieir being manufactured on a prin- 
ily different from that of other cloths, and from 
irity of the construction in the weaving, pos- 
it advantages in warmth and wear. 



John J., ft Co., Devizes — Manufacturers. 
lied broad-cloth, waterproof, made of South- 
, grown in Wiltshire. 



t Allbnbt, 193, 195, ft 197 Jiegent Street— 
Proprietors. 

Bar^ shawls of British printing (registered^. The 
design, by C. J. Lewis, so arranged as to admit of various 
combinations of the blocks without destroying in any 
part the continuity and completeness of the pattern, with 
either plain or filled centre. 

277 Webber, John, ft Haibs, Oboroe, 31 MUkSt, City 

— Producers. 
Printed Bar^ long and square shawls; Cashmere and 
Grenadine. Printed handkerchiefa, various ; and Foulard 
dresses. 

278 Jameson ft Banes, ffcney Lane Market, Cheapsidc — 

Manufacturers. 
Bar^e long shawls, printed, wool texture; silk and 
mixed texture. 

Barege square shawls, of the same description. 
Cachemire d'Ecosse, printed, wool texture. 
Crape square shawls, printed, silk texture. 

279 Keith, SHOonRmoE, ft Co., 124 Wood Street — 

Producers and Proprietors. 
Shawls: printed Bar^e long and square; grenadine 
silk; Cachmere; mufflers; and satin long and square. 

280 Holmes ft Co., 117 Regeivt Street — Designers 

and Manufibcturers. 
Circidar shawl, new in form and design. Registered 
by the exhibitors. 

281 Standen ft Co., 112 Jermj/n Street, St. Jame^a — 

Importers . 
White Shetland knitted shawl. Bridal veil. Pair of 
white stockings. Bro\Mi, grey, and white rIovcs — natural 
colours. The Shetland wool of which these specimens 
consist is hand-spun. 



600 



CLA88K8 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Tbakseft Gallery. 



[Uhtted 



282 Littler, Mart Ann, Merton Abbey, Surrey — 

Producer. 
Barege ahawlB, of BritiBh manufacture. 
Twilled bandannas, of British manufacture. 
Specimens of wax and chintz printing; exhibited for 
novelty of design and colour, madder red. 

283 SwAiSLAND, Charles, Crayfard, Kent — Manufacturer. 

Printed Bar6ge shawls. 

Printed Chinese velvet for furnitures (or implication 
plush). 
Printed flannels for dresses. 



284 Clabburn & Son, Noricich — Manu£Eu;turers. 
Registered figured Cashmere shawls. 
Spun-silk, fancy check, and Albanian silk shawls. 
Registered Jacquard figured poplins, and Chind poplins. 

Jacquard figured and plain dresses, mixed fiibrics. 

285 Blakelt, Edward Theobald, Hirer Honse Factory, 

Diik^s Palace, Norwich — Manufacturer. 

Norwich Cashmere green scarf shawl, gold introduced. 

Shawls of Cashmere wool, pine and flower pattern ; and 
pine and flower pattern, gold introduced : the efi^ect pro- 
duced is by eighty -eight shoots on the inch: design by 
John Fuunell. 

Anglo-Indian scarfs, shawls, dresses, brocade, &o. 

286 TowLER, Campin, k Co., Elm HUl, Noncich, and 46 

Friday Street, London — ^Manufacturers. 

Fillover scarGs: silk ground, the pattern extending 
four yards in lenfl;th and two in width. Silk ground 
of new designs, and mixed material; the same, white silk 
soarf and shawl, printed. 

White silk-net shawl, printed. Black silk-net shawl, 
printed. 

Ladies' paletots, woven to fit the shape, on silk ground, 
and of mixed materials, with and without ornamented 
villover work. 

Black silk net scarf, printed. 

287 Whitkhill, M., & Co., Paisley — Manufacturers. 
Worsted and cotton scarfs, with tamboured ends; and 

shawls and handkerchiefis, embroidered; the same in 
wool. 

Quilting, cloth, and wool embroidered vests. 

Embroidered satin aprons and babies' robes. 

Tamboured and embroidered dresses. Zephyr shawls. 
Silk dresses. 

Plain black scarf and shawl. Cashmere and Bar6ge 
scarfs and shawls. Velvet vests. Table-covers. Cloakings. 

288 Holms Brothers, 7 St, Mirrcn*8 Street, Paisley, ami 

21 Friday St., Cheapaide — Manufacturers. 
Fine wool long shawls — the tartans of the clans of 
Scotland. Fancy tartan and plain wool long shawls. 
Vicuna long shawl. Wool tartan cloaking. 

289 Burgess, Charles, Paisley — Manufacturer. 
Long woven shawls. 

290 Baird, John, Paisley — Manufacturer. 
Embroidered French merino ladies' dresses. Embroi- 
dered Canton crape shawls. 

291 Forbes & Hutchison, Paisley — ^Manufacturers. 
Paisley woven, printed, tartan wool, embroidered, and 

figure gauze shawls. Printed, tartan wool, and em- 
broidered handkerchiefs. Printed and tartan wool muf- 
flera. Embroidered vests, and robe. Tartan and printed 
dresses. 



292 Abercrombie 8c Tuill, Paisley — Man uf acturers. 
Printed long and square shawls. 

293 Clark, John, jun., and Co., Causeyside, Paisley — 

Manufacturers. 
Printed Cashmere long and square shawls or plaids. 



294 Lawson, John, & Co., Caledonia Print Works, Paitiey 

— Printers. 
Bar^ printed shawls in wool, and in silk. 



295 Dick, Walter, & Sons, Pcdtiey—' 

Printed Cashmere shawls. 



296 



Roxburgh, John & Ani>rsw, Paidey — 
Manufacturers. 
Woven long shawls. 

297 Macfarlane, Son, & Co., Paisley — ^Mannfactarew. 

Spun silk fabrics, for ladies' dresses, in clan tartans and 
fancy designs. 

298 Stewart, Robert, Pawfcy — Proprietor k Pirodiioer. 
Hutchison, Thomas, PaM^tfj^Inventorand Patentee. 

Machine for inventing and displaying patterns in stripes, 
cheques, and tartans, by means of ^ding miirorB and 
coloured glass, suitable for manufacturers of textile 
fabrics, whether in cotton, woollen, silk, or linen, or a 
combination of two or more of these matcnrials. 

The advantages of this machine are — the &cility with 
which any pattern, or idea of a pattern, may be set up 
and displayed — the variety of designs it can produce 
and the ease and simplicity of accomplishing them. It ii 
not at all necessary to paint the pattern on paper, after 
viewing it through the mirrors, as the scales attached 
show at once the required nimiber of threads of each 
colour, and how many repeats are neceasazy for the 
breadth of the web, and it msplays at o&ce, not only the 
repeat, but the whole breadth, and a considerable portion 
of the length of the cloth at one view. 

By this invention, the precise effect of a pattern may he 
produced, in the course of a few minutes, without any 
expense, multiplied to any extent, and it may be enlarged 
or diminished at pleasure. The chief novelty, however, 
of this machine, which is exhibited for its simplicity and 
the ease of its adaptation, ia, that the precise effect of Hm 
cloth in a finished state is accurately represented, the 
crisp transparent effect of a silk fiEkbric being truly given, 
as well as the soft and more opaque effect of a woollen 
fabric. 

This invention is new in principle, being a novel appli* 
cation of coloured glass to useful and essentially practical 
purposes. 

299 Morgan, John, & Co., Paisley, and St. PauTs Ckurck- 

yard, Ijondon — Manufacturers. 
Woven long shawls, of Cashmere yam and new designs; 
of silk and wool; and of mosaic style. Woollen plaidi. 
Printed Barege long shawls. 

300 Kerr, Robert, Paisley — ^Manufacturer. 

India long and square shawls. Printed and fimcy wool 
long and square shawls. 

301 Robertson, J. & J., 3 Forbes Place, Paisley — 

Manufacturers. 
Coloured woven harness, wool plaids and shawls ; 
coloured printed plaids and shawls, in Bar5ge, Cashmeres 
d'Ecosse, and Cashemere fabrics. 

302 Row AT, R. T. & J., Paisley — ^Manufacturers. 
Printed Bar^e and Cashmere long shawls; printed 

wool square shawls. 

303 Mason, W., & Co., Honey Lane, CAeapsifo— Producers. 
Dress fabrics — printed Cashmere and Llama wool tex- 
ture. 

Printed chin^, glace, and printed and embroidered 
"jasp^" cashmere, wool and cotton texture. 

304 Welch, Margetson & Co., Chenpsidc — 

Manufacturers. 

Dressing-gown fabrics. 



KlXGOOM.] 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abbas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Transept Gallery. 



501 



305 Salomons, B., k, Sons, 42 Old (7Aan^«— Proprietors. 
Child's frock, embroidered on French cambric. 
A bdfa embroidered robe. 

Udies' worked sleeyee; worked muslin chemisettes, 
habit shirts, collars, jaconet collars, and trimmings. 

Samples of Irish cambric handkerchiefs, embroidered 
IB Ireland; and of French cambric hantUcerchiefs. 

Specimens of muslin trimmings, flouncings, and inser- 
tions. Ladies' embroidered muslin dresses, &c. 
Samples of ladies' stays, &c. 

Selection of muslin and lace articles, and of articles for 
mourning, for ladies* wear. 

Selection of patterns of new trinmiings, for dresses and 
ffltntlea. 

Mixed fikbrios of silk and wool, fancy materials, for 
ladies' dresses. 
Embroidered dress and mantle, &c. 

J06 PcoH, J. W., 163 and 165 Begent Street— VroduceTa. 
IGzed fabrics. 



Ky? Satcb; J., 8t Co., Comhill — ManufWcturers. 

Mixed fikbrics. Ffttent piuma, or six-ounce coat, with 
Nily one seam in the body, of a material known hitherto 
chiefly in India, and " manufactured by the poor Hindoos." 
Oatia percha cases. Plain piuma cloth, waterproofed. 
k new material, a mixture of silk and vicugna, extra 
mterproofed. 

308 GoDKn»T, P. A., 3 Kincfa Mead Cottafje, Kew North 

Road, IsUngton — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Speomens of woven Cabrios in various colours, plain 

ad figured, finished by patent machinery. In dressing 

and finishing the colours of the £B,brics are firmly fixed, 

and rmdered brilliant by chemical agency. 

309 TowuBB, Caxpin, & Co., Elm HUl, Norwich, and 46 

Driday Street, London — Manufiicturers. 
Korwich challi. 

Satin striped de laine for ladies* dresses. 
Paramatta cloth for ladiea' dresses. Figured and plain 
bar^ for dr&ues. 

310 WiLLET, Edward, Nepitew, & Co., Norwich — 

Manufacturers. 

Samples of mixed fabrics for hulied' dresses, consisting 
of black and coloured bombazines and paramattas; plain 
and figured poplins, in two colours; saiitillano, china 
brocide, and e«tella brocade, figured in two colours ; 
M&n striped chind, three colours; plain and figured 
bellano, iu two colours, &c. 

Two patterns of a mixed fabric, composed of materials 
the produce of nine tlificTont countries. 



311 BouNBROKC, C. & V.y Noncich — Manufactiu^rs. 
I'Uin and watered poplius. 

312 MioDLETON & A INS WORTH, Xoncich and London — 

Manufiicturers. 
Poplinn corded and brociylcu, and black pai'anmttos. 

313 UixDE, E. & F., jXon |V /. — Manufacturers. 
^tf^ges and broctuled poplius. 

■^^2 CuRKE, Thomas, Slrj'hm Strcd, Watcrford, TrcJ'vul 

— Manufacturer. 

A camlet cloak, which has been in constant use for 
^•^re than twenty years. 

A I'iece of the same ravelled, U:> show the texture. 

A sample of the like fabric and composition, but of a 
"iif-Mit colour, war]) blue, weft green. 

"^ple of stuff, single thread^*, half cotton half worsted, 

^!*iapl^ of white serge, single yam ; grey serge, double 

Tarn; green serge, single yani; and blue sei^ge, double 

}vn. 

Samplt; of stair carj>et, groen, t;iken off a piece which 
h-^ ^wn in ud*} for l«i years; all wool, both wai-p and 
*cft, aQ,l woven by a linen weaver. 



A sample of green flannel, as used by the peasantry and 
working people of the counties of Waterford and Wexford, 
Ireland. 

459 Smith & Whyte, Qlasgoir — Manufacturers. 
Embroidered robe de chambre and lady's drees. 

460 Roberts, R., Lkmberris Road, Carnarvon, 

Wales — Manufacturer. 
Linsey-woolsey manufactures. 

461 Archibald, Jane R., Tillicoultrif — 

Manufacturer. 
Plaid shawls. 



462, 463, 467, and 468 placed on the North WaltvUh 

ClasB Yl. 



462 Brunton & Nesbit, Edinburgh — Producers. 
Shawls and scarfs. 



463 Bratsham, George^ 61a Park Street, Camden 

Town — Maker. 
Pictorial mosaic cloth-work table-cover or quilt, com- 
prising 32 compartments exclusive of the centre, which 
is the arms of England; each compartment being an 
imitation of some well-known picture, made of coloured 
cloths, fine-drawn together so as to imitate paintings, 
the features being worked with the needle, the whole sur- 
rounded with a Dorder. This work has been the labour 
of leisure hours for a period of nine years and a half. 



464 Gibson, Wiixiam, & Co., TitlicoiUtry, Alloa, Scotland 

— Manufiicturers. 
M'Kenzie and M'Lean clan tartan woollen shawls. 
Fancy woollen shawls. Frazer and Forbes clan tartan^ 
for ladies' dresses and cloaks. 



465 Archibald, Robert, & Sons, Tillicoultry, Alloa, 

Scotland — Manufacturers. 
Rob Roy, Colquhoun, and M 'Donald of Stafia tartjm 
long shawls. Malcolm and Bruce tartan wool shawls. 
Fancy wool shawls. Royal Stewart and Gortlou tartans 
for cloaks or dresses. Fancy tartans. All of woollen 
fabric. 

466 Paton, J. & D., Tillkonliry, Alloa, Scotland— 

Manufacturei-s. 

Long wool shawls, of various Highland clans and fancy 
patterns. 

Fjmcy wool tartan, designed by Messrs. Romanes and 
Paterson, Edinburgh. 

Long wool fancy shawls, designed by Messrs. Mitchell, 
Miller, and Ogilvie, Glasgow. 

Long wool fancy shawls, designed by Messrs. Arthur 
and Frazer, Glasgow. 



467 Sinclair, John, jun., 49 S*jHth Bridge Street, 

Kdinbnrgh — Manufacturer. 

Scarf plaids. Royal Stuart; Victoria; Sinclair; Suther- 
land or 42nd; all wool. Pieces of Tartan, Royal Victoria; 
McDonald of Slate, or Duke of Rothesay ; Sutherland or 
42nd; all wool. 

Tartans were worn in the Western Islands and High- 
lands of Scotland ivs early as lU'JO, and are supposed to 
have been introduced by Queen Margaret. Each clan has 
a separate pattern, or tiU'tau, for itself, bearing its nauie, 
and worn by all the individuals of the clan. 

408 Wilson, W., & Son, i:<tun"rf;h:>ni, near Stirling, 
Scotland — Manufacturers. 
Woollen manufactures. 



4G9 Brown, Jamks Sc Henry, Sc Co., Fttrick Milts, 

Si'!/:irf:, .SVv»/ /,?;/«/- -Manufactuivrs. 
Scotch tweeds and fancy wuollcu.'^, of ViU'ious now mix- 
turcd and stylos. 



602 



CLAflSKS 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AN1> WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. O. 10 to 17, an'd South Transept Gallert. 



470 Hally, Qborge, Perthshire — Manufacturer. 
Plaids in several varieties. 



472 Hoomss, W., Benrjtjrfpe^^ ne<tr Carnarvon — 

Weaver and Producer. 

Worsted and silk dresses. 

Aprons, of Welsh linsey. Table-cover, of wool and 
flax, a specimen of Welsh weaving. 

474 ScHoriELD, Abel, Spring House, nenr Delph, 

SaiUUetrorth — Manufacturer. 

Patterns of woollen goods manufactured in the years 
from 1780 to 1820, showing the styles of that period. 

Fine doeskin, or satin-fttce, all wool, suitable for vest- 
ings, ladies' or babies' clothing, &c. 

Fine buff prunell cashmere, a little milled. 

Fine white cashmere, contaimng 144 picks in the inch, 
for shawls, ladies' dresses, &c. 

Crimson merino. 

Maude fabrics for shawls, and specimens of colours 
dyed in shades. 

Fine patent black broad cloth and cassimeres. 

475 Hughes, William, Bethesfli, near Banjor, Wales — 

Manufacturer. 
Durable bed-dovering. 

477 Watson, J. & A-, Galashiels, Scotland — 

Manufacturers . 
Scotch clan and fancy plaids. Ladies* woollen scarfs 
or shawls. Woollen tartans (ladies' druses). Scotch 
tweeds. 

480 Roberts, W. & Co., Galashiels, Scotland— 

Blanufacturers. 
Pieces of Scotch tweeds. 



481 Reid, D., & Son, Langholm — Manufacturers. 

Cotton and Scotch wool hose; shepherd's plaid check 
made from Cheviot wool; Australian and German wool; 
fancy check made from wool (elastic) ; blue grey check, 
made from Australian wool; fancy union twe^, made 
from cotton and Cheviot wool. 



486 Kelsall & Bartlemore, Bochdale, Lancashire — 

Man u facturers . 
Flannel: ordinary quality, English wool; middle quality, 
New Zealand wool; fine quality, Australian wool. 

Electoral and Saxony flannel, and electoral shawl, 
German wool. Gauze and imitation "Welsh" German 
wool. 

487 Brook, John & Son, U^rper Thong, near ffuddersfield 

— Manufactures. 
Specimens of woaded black broad cloth, cassimere, and 
doeskin. 

490 Burnley & Sons, Heckmondxcicke, near Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
English, Witney, and Irish blankets. American Mac- 
kinnow and scarlet striped blankets. American blaukett;, 
for clothiug purposes. 



493 Thomas, W., Ilaworth, Keighley, Bradford— 

Manufacturer. 
Dye<l wool, combed; wool -dyed yams, in hanks and< 
spools; dyed yam, floated with silk. 



496 



Stowells & SUGDEN, Bradford — 
Manufacturers. 
Crimson and white two-fold mohair yam. 



500 His Royal Highness Prince Albert. 

{Main Avenue, West.) 

Two brocaded dresses, manufactured by T. Gregori 
and Brothers, Shelf, near Halifax, Yorkshire. The we/^ 
of the Cashmere wool shorn from the goats kept bv 
H.R.H. Prince Albert, in Windsor Park. The warp is oi 
silk. 

Two shawls and a specimen of coarse cloth manufie- 
tured by J. Haley and Son, Bramlev, near Leeds. The 
whole of the material is of the Cashmere wool as above 
described. 

The Cashmere goat's wool, of which these article are 
manufactiu^, consists of two distinct materials called 
wool and kemp. The wool is beautifully rich and soft tc 
the touch, and is probably superior in this respect to the 
finest continental lamb's wool, and equal to the riclmese 
of the Thibet wool. It is also divisible into qualities 
The kemp presents the appearance of a course rough hair, 
such as is avoided by the manufacturer in all purchaaa 
of wools, deteriorating as it does the i4)pearance of eva 
common fabrics by its inferiority and harshness. 

The two wools, as shorn from the goat, are closely in 
termingled, and present the appearance of coarse hair 
wool of a very low character ; but a minute inspectioi 
shows that part of it is of a very fine quality. In orde 
to separate this fine quality from the coarse, it is m 
cossary to do so fibre by fibre; and this has to be effecte 
entirely by hand, no machinery having as yet been applie 
to this purpose. The process is both difficult and tediou 
one person not being able to separate more than half { 
ounce in twelve hours. 

After the separation of the qualities, it is desirab 
further to diride it, in order to make a warp yam f 
fabrics like the shawls; but this was impossible in tl 
present instance, owing to the small quantity produce 
otherwise the fabric would have been much finer. In t 
dresses this result has been acliieved, because the warp 
of silk, and the qimntity required for the weft was thei 
fore not so great in proportion. 

The specimen of coarse cloth is manufactured entire 
of the coarse hairs or kemp after it is assorted from t 
finer material of the wool. In a general way this is co 
sidered worthless. 



501 Underwood, W., 1 Vere Street, Oxford Street. 

Heraldic tapestry hanging. The Royal Arms can 
substituted by the arms of any other family. Cloth ci 
tains in various colours. {In &juth Transept Gallery.) 

Nos. 463, 467, and 4Q0— Ground Floor, Xorth Side, befa^ 
Western llefreshuwnt Bootn. 




604 



Class 13.--SILK AND VELVET. 
South Transept Gallery. 



[Ukited 



New stvle of pattern and cloth for furniture. Finished 
pattern, forming a shape for wainiicoating. Specimens for 
wainacoatiug, with variety of colours. 

5 Robinson, J. & R. & Co., 30 J/iM Street, Cheap$id&— 

Manufacturers. 

Black and coloured velvets for vestings, and for church 
and up' jlstery purposes. 

Black amozines for professional robes. 

Plain Bilks and satins for vestings. 

Silks and satins for cravats. 

Figured silks for vestings and dress. 

Figure<l satin for fancy purposes, got up as a remem- 
brancer of the Exliibition. 



Robinson, J. & T., Fort Street, Spitalfielda— 
Manufactiu*erB. 
Black and coloured velvets. 



7 Stillwell, James, & Son, 7 H7ii'/<? Lion Street, Norton 

FoUja te — Manufacturers . 

Samples of crimson, cerise, blue, and gold brocatelle, 
for curtains, &c. Samples of claret, green and gold, and 
cerise and white damask. 

Pattern of Dalmatia robe, worn by the Queen, at her 
coronation. 

8 Washington, T. & Davtes, VV., 13 & 14 Milk Street, 

Cheapsu le — Man u facturers . 
Waistcoatings in lengths, of Spitalfields manufacture, in 
imitation of foreign furs. 

9 Walters & Sons, Wlsfm Street, Finsbury, and Kettering 

— Manufacturers. 
Specimens of plush used in the manufacture of silk 
hats. 

10 Wilson, James, &. Co., 37 Wulbrook — 

Manufacturers. 
Silk p!ush for hats. 

[A variety of causes, in addition to the scarcity of ftir, 
have led to an entire change in the material for hats. At 
present, the greater number of hats are covered with a 
tissue of silk plush, laid over a stiff body. The silk plush 
forms the nap of the hat, and is manufactured in large 
quantities for this purpose.] 

1 1 Swan & Edgar, Piccadilly and Regent Street — 

Proprietors. 

Silks, &c., Spitalfields manufactiu*e — Black gros de 
Naples, Ducape, gros de tour, glao^, satin, satin Grecian, 
barrathea, Balmoral, paraphanton, watered silk, velvet, 
armozine royal robe silk, gros royal, Radzimore, Berlin, 
Orleans, vest satin and antique watered silk. Manu- 
factured by Messrs. J. Balance & Sons. 

Coloured damask figured silk, new ground, manu- 
factured by Messrs. Stone and Kemp. Coloured striped 
glacd and small check silks ; coloured chind silks, manu- 
factured by Messrs. Winkworth & Procters. 

12 DcTHorr, Jonathan, 26 Steward Street, Spitalfields — 

Manufacturer. 
Brocade garment silks. 

13 BoTD, Iraac, Spital Square — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
Registered figured damask silk furniture, " hollyhock 
pattern;" white watered figured garment silk, "thistle, 
oell, and heather pattern;" blue tissue and gold figure 
garment silk, "pansy, lily, poppy, and rose pattern." 
" Moird antique, for garments, various ooloura. 



14 Grboson & Brien, Gresham Street West — ^Agents. 

Irish poplin or tabinet, plain, plaids, ribbed, double 
Irish, watered, and moiriS antique. Manufactured by 
Mr. Wm. M. Qeoghegan, 50 Francis Street, Dublin. 



15 



S 



T., 5 Milk Street, Cheapside— 
Manufacturer. 

Thirty-six inch moir^ antiques, English dye and crimson 
velvet. 



16 Lewis & Allenbt, 193,195, & 197 B^ageiU Street^ 

Designers. 

Silk, brocaded with colours. Designed by 8. W. 
Lewis. The beauty and difficulty of production of this 
silk will be more readily understood from the fact that 
its manufacture requires the use of neariy 30,000 cards 
and 100 shuttles, and it is stated to be the first instance 
in which a brocade. Introducing so large a number of co- 
lours (fifteen), has been successfully attempted in Eng- 
lan<I. Manufactured in Spitalfields. 

Brocaded ribbons. 



17 Graham, Robert, & Sons, 31 Spital Sqitare— 

Manufacturers. 

Velvet, satin, and watered silks. 



18 Stone & Kemp, *5 Spital Square — Manufacturers. 
Velvets. Figured and chind silks. 



19 Sewell, Evans, Hubbard, & Bacon, 44, 45, k 40 

Old CoTTipton Street — Proprietors. 

Registered figiured damask silk, brocaded, in various 
colours, manufivctured by Messrs. Campbell, Harrison, 
and Lloyd, Spitalfields. 

Plain moir^ antique. 

Registered figured damask made in a Jaoqiiard and 
Bannister loom, by Messrs. Winkworth and Procters, 
Manchester. 



20 Clark, Jane, 170 Regent Street — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 

Spitalfields enamelled silks, viz. — 

A white ground, covered with gold baskets filled witK 
green enatuel shamrocks. 

A white ground with rainbow enamel. 



21 Le Mare, Joshua, & Sons, 27 Spital Square — 

Manufacturers. 

Black satinette, of inferior quality, woven by power- 
loom, and of superior quality, woven by hand-loom. 

Coloured satinette, of medium quality, woven bj hand- 
loom. 

The advantage of satinettes over satins consists in theii 
brilliancy being produced in the process of manufacture, 
without dress or any other artificial means; consequently 
they are as cheap and more durable. 

Black ducape, watered, of large and small pattemi 
and medium quality. 

Black coloured velvet, of medium quality. 



22 Cornell^ Ltell, & Webster, 15 5'/. Paufs Churchyard 
and Nuneaton — Manufacturers. 

Chin6 and brocaded sash and other ribbons. 



23 Casey, J., & Phillips, T., 13 Spital Square — 

Manufacturers. 

Silk, velvets, Algerias, gros-de-Naples, glao^, gro8> &c* 

24 Robinson, Jas. k Wm., k Co., 3 and 4 Milk Street, 

Cheapside — ^Manufactiu'ers. 

Crimson velvet for pulpits. 
Blue and marone velvets for waistcoats. 
Brown and blue plush for coats and vests. 
White satin and white tabby silk for emjbroidery. 
White and black satins for shoes. 
White and black satins for vests. 
White watered and figured silks for waistcoats. 
Black serge and white lavcntine for coat sleeve and 
skirt linings. Black armozines for robes. 



•.] 



du4M 13.— SILK AITD VELVET* 
TBAanvT Gallbbt. 



60ff 



Hni, Jjjoi, ft Co., 8( 



wed oak and ity tarooM 
I 



Iby 



Bhvti. Shot i^mA^ wovten bj Spiialfieldi hand- 
aiven; the eoloiiBi aQ Bdftiih djea. 
Htm. Bkooadad figiuw. 



OKMfTmmAB, 26 Spitai ^Sipigr»— MannfafTtairBr. 

MJti^ NapoUon bliM, gnea and blabk yehreta. 

■HMHla-Naplea. 

mk, aod Napolaon blue Sttthetland lilk. 

ida aod dfeooolala brown aatin. 



ffowBLi^ J., ft Co., Segmd Street, 
idilT en^roidegrad silka, manufactured by Camp- 
0., mtalfielda. Bich diln^^ 12 inofa, and ridi 
laaahribbona. 



OB, J., ft Son, 15 SpUal iSgfiMT^— Manu&ctoren. 
for paraaola, tabby grcMmd, with aatin and rip 

MO of new toactora for paraaols, with figmed 

aOky figured, for paraaols. Rip figure for the 



r 
fed 




9i Spitai Square, Bkhopegate Street— 

Manufocturer. 
aatin and figured borders, ahot with 
aatm and damask rip and ducape. 
for umbrellaa. 



By Yatsbsbm, ft Biz, 9 IhtmpStreet, Cheapeide 

— Manufooturem. 
d poplin dreaa. Figured aatin dreaa. 
d satin, brocaded with many colours, 
moir^ antique. Ni^leon blue satin. 



■FBEU^ Harbison, & Llotd, 19 IViday St. — 

Manufkcturers. 
d moir^ antique damask. Scotch tartan satins 
ets. 
red moir^ antique. Brocade figure for Testings. 



19 Gutter Lane, Cheapside — 
Manufacturers. 
Den of Jaoquard silk weaving, 29 inches by 24, 
i of Her Miyesty the Queen, and H.R.H. Ihince 
wHh emblematic decorations, 
ed satin cravats; figured cravats (not satin), 
checked bandannas, various widths, 
checked Brussels, various widths, 
bandannas, corded and plain borders, various 

ducapee; black Brussels twill; black military 
od black barathea twill, all of various qualities. 
^, different widths, 
watered ducapee. 
checked bandanna. 

twOled bandanna, plain and printed, 
twilled bandanna, plain and printed. 
« of silks, raw, China, Ben^, and Italian. 
« of silk, thrown, gum boiled ofif, and dyed. 



ISHAUL ft Skelgbove, 11 and 15 Vere Street, 
'\ih Square, and 19 Henrietta Street — Proprietors. 

silks — Shaded glacd silk of British luanufacture 
m. Winkworth and Procters, of Manchester), dia- 
tbe variety of hues in each shade of colouring, 
iber of threads to each shade is near two thou- 
nded into about twenty tints in the dyeing, 
I intermixed in Tarying proportions throughout. 



hi ttddltiioii to tine eAet of ahadiDg, iheae goodi lynro 
mdfligone tiio prooen el antique watoring. 

Bibbona, manufoctured at Ooventry (by MeMra. CSok 
and Co.); the deeign, by the exhikutora, representing a 
bunch ox lilae, made in a Jaoquard loom. Shaded ribbons. 



34 CoirBxauLD, SaxoH^ ft Co. — Manu&oturem. 

S|jpecimeiiB of enqpe and aerophane, in the principal 
▼anetiea of quality and atyle. 



85 Mason, Qbosok, TaUley, Harford Bridge, Hamt^^ 

Produoer. 

Figured damaak silk, grown and wonnd off at Tateky, 
Korih Hanta ; an agricuHuxal experiment. 

English olothy embroidered with ailk, grown and 
wound off at Tateley. Mannftctured by Mesani. Houlda- 
woriih, Manchester, with their patent maohinflry, which 
embroiders both sides of the doth alike. 

Fishing gnt^ firom imperfect aOkworms. 

Waste mkf ftom cocoons. 



36 Gbout, JoBEPn, ft Co., Ibeter ikm»— Manufjaoturers. 

Folded and rolled black crape, single>y double, treble, 
and four threads. Coloured liarophane cnqpe. 

Coloured liaae gause. Gossamer of vaiious colours, 
used for yells. 

Samples of crdpe lisse. SOk gauae grenadine scsrf ; 
and brocaded. SOk mualin scarf ; and brocaded. 

Brocaded silk muslin dress, with flounces, ftc. 



37 Deab, Abthub, 37 Crispin Street, S^talfiekb— 

Agent. 
Figured silks, designed and woven by the pupils of the 
Spttalfields School of Design. 



88 Brocklehubst, J. ft T., ft Sons, MaodletfM^ 

Manufiacturers. 

Raw silk, reeled. Thrown silk and dyed silk. 

Sewing silk in raw and dyed state, spun silk, from re- 
fuse knubs and husks, exhibiting the material and its 
stages in process, consisting of yam, cops, and goods. 

l^anufactured goods : — Velvets, satins, moir^ antiques, 
glac^grosde Naples (figured and plain) ; levantines, serges, 
vestings, sarsnets, Persians, ribbons, hat and railway car- 
riage furniture. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's black, coloured, plain, and 
figured handkerchiefs, scarfs, shawls, &c. Gause veils. 



39 Adshead, W. ft Co., ifacc/<w/feW— Producers. 

Silk dyed in the skein, and prepared for the use of the 
manufacturer. 



40 Cbttchlet, Brinslet, ft Co., Macdesfeld — 

Manufacturers. 

Silk in the manufactured state. 

Ladies' foulard dresses, aprons, neck -ties. 

Gentlemen's cravats and boys' neck-handkerchiefiEi. — 
Designs registered. 



41 Wardle, Henrt & Thomas, ft Co., Macclesfield — 

Manufacturers. 

Ladies' silk handkerchiefs, plain and checked, figured 
and chind. 

Boys' cravats. 

Gentlemen's pocket handkerchiefs and cravats. 

Ladies' small silk shawls. 



42 Hadwen ft Sons, Kebroyd Mills, near Halifax, 

Manufacturers. 

Illustrations of the production of waste silk from the 

eggs of the silk -worm. Cocoons in the bush ; the cocoon 

as left by the worm ; the woAte of Uie cocoon in the 

brush. Specimens of raw material : waste silk in the 



606 



Class 13.— SILK AND VELVET. 
fk)UTH Transept (jallery. 



[Ukitkd 



dre(v«cd and carded Htate ; the ftame in the slubbing and 
thick roving, and in fine rovingM. Single and double 
spun silk yams. 

43 Stcbbs, Pownall, Z^c^—MAnuiacturer. 

Needle-worked silk buttons. 



44 



Brough, Joshua, Jam km, & Co., Lech — 

Manufacturers. 
Sewing silks, raven and jet black. 
Purse or netting silk. 
Leger twist, in balls. Silk tuist, in bolls and reels. 

45 Hammersley & Bentley, Leek — Manufacturers. 
Twist of various colours, in lialls and on reels, for 

tailors. Italian sewings, for tailors and milliners. Purse 
twist. Black silk twist, in hanks, for tailors. 

46 Weston & Son, Leek — Manufacturers. 

Various buttons, including Florentine, bro^^Ti Holland, 
real twist Italian, white cotton and worsted, netted silk, 
silk barrel, rj/ch twist (needlework dome), rich twist, 
youths' dress silk, silk fancy vest, and ladies* silk dress. 

47 Davidson, John, & Co., //rt'^— Manufactiu^rs. 

Raven, jet, and drab cloth sewing silks for tailors. 
Jet, drab, and coloured silk twist. 
Jet and coloured sewing silk for milliners. Stay silk. 
Veil, vest, and shawl embroidering silk. Saddlers* 
sUk. 

Black, white, and coloured floss silk. 

Tram, for figuring, embroidering, or weaving. 

Boot-closing. Puree twist. Silk serge. 

48 Alsop, Robins, & Co., /.<'t'*— Manufacturers. 

Black and coloured silk serges. Black silk handker- 
chiefs. 

Black 20 handfacing, double plain, watered, and plain 
and watered. 

Black Prussian bindings. Black and coloured galloons. 

Black sewing silk, and block and coloured twist, in 
alls and reels, dyed by W. Hammersley & Co., Leek. 

Coloured purse or netting silk. 

Yellow weaving, or bai'ber's twist. 

Silk whip-lashes. Needlework buttons. 

49 Bridgett, Thomas, & Co., Derby — Manufacturera. 
Specimens of sewing-silk for saddlera, bookbinders, 

staymakers, tailors, &c., netting or purse-twist, and plain 
sarsnet ribbon. 

50 Allen & Holmes, Derby — Manufacturers. 
Black silk ribbons and braids. Algerines. Black satin 

trimmings. Silk warp, prepared for the manufacture of 
various fabrics. 



51 Smith, Mary, 3a Ahbeti Street ^ Bethaal Green — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
Chenille shawl, made of choice silk, and manufactured 
in a loom made for the purpose. Exhibited as a s])ecimen 
of manufactured chenille, and as a useful article for wear 
and warmth. 

52 Gbosvenor, William, Kidderminster, 

Manufacturer. 
Silk brocade, brocatelle, and fig^ured satinet damasks, 
fbr upholstery. 

53 Pulling, James, 6 Bmdeneil Place, New North Road 

— ^Manufactiu*er. 
Trains of crape tunics and tucks. 
The Lady Peel mantle. 
Train trimmings in graduated sets. 
Elizabethans. Berthas. 



54 Wright, P. & R., Edinburgh — Designen and 

Manufacturers, 
figure of the Duke of Wellington on horseback, in silk 
damiuBk. 



56 Wilson, John, 5 Church P^issage, Spitai Square — 

Manufacturer. 
Mourning hat-band, manufactured of silk, woven circu- 
larly, and sufficiently elastic to fit over the hat. 



57 



Burke, Thomas Haswell, 6 Bull Head Court, 
Nein^itte Street — Manufacturer. 
Embossed silks, velvets, &c.: ladies* sashes anc 
flounces; and trimmings for mantles, dresses, millinery 
and parasols. 

Model of the Exhibition Building, embossed, aboui 
four feet six inches long. 

Victoria mounts for the decoration of drawings anc 
prints. 

KinbortscKl lace papers, hand -screens, cai^l -racks, folios 
om;mieuts for dining-tables, and various other articles. 



58 Oreenshields, Walter, Whifbttm, Liiditlvjo^r^hirc— 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of ornamental work, accompli;ihod withou 
the aid of a needle. 



50 PenFOLD, 0., 4 Blackmtttfr Street, Clare Market — 

Manufacturer, 
(lauze dLa|)hane for covering looking-glass and pictun 
frames, &c. 



60 Evans, Samuel, Wirkstrorth, Dcrhysliue — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of silk plush for vci> tings. 



61 Holdforth, J., & Son, Leeds — Spinners, Invent<ji>! 

and Importere. 

Various specimens of the article known as silk waste 
Chinese, Italian, and British. 

Sj>ecimons of single and double spun silk yju-us, fret, 
the coarsest to the finest numbers, the finest haviiL 
428,400 yanls to a pound (No. .510 cott<m reel), and i 
used to a great extent for the manufacture of a variety c 
goods. 

Samples of silk yauTi, dyed and finished, retuly for tb 
manufactiuxjr. Spun by tlie exhibitors' patent pn^ces* 
by wliich greater brilliancy and strength are said to b 
obtained, and a very near approach to net silk, for whic 
it is substituted for a variety of pui-poses. 

62 Harrop, Taylor, & Pearson, Piccadilly, Manchestt 

— Manufacturers. 

Pink, white, sky, and maize gros de Naples for ladiei 
bonnets; exhibited for cheapness. 

Bltvck gros de Naples and ducapos, for ladies' dresses. 

Bbick edged ducape, 22 inches tape edged armaadn 
and bltick velour for hat-bands, scarfs, and clei-gjinen' 
gowns. 

Gros d'Ecosse, various mixtures, used for ladies 
dresses, mantles, &c. 



63 Booth 8c Pike, 43 Oldhftm Street, Manchester 

— Manufactiu^rs. 

Imperial or carded plush for hats, bonnets, &c., in tb 
various stages of manufacture : viz., 1st, grey, as it leave 
the loom; 2nd, as it appears after the nap has bee 
raised partly by hand and partly by steam-jMiwer b 
means of teasels and cards ; 3rd, the same with the na 
shorn of a uniform length; 4th, black, as received froc 
the dyer; and, 5th, when finished and ready for use h 
various colours. 

Galloons, or bindings and bands w^ith the buckle 
attached, ready for the hat. 

Hat linings, of various qualities and descriptions, witl 
specimens of the same in the piece. 

64 HoULDSWORTH, James, &, Co., Pw'tlami Street Mill, 

Manchester — Designers and Manufacturera. 
Specimens of Jacquard figured silk fabrics, 8uit;iblt 
for furniture, consisting of silk tissue, brocades, bruca 
tellea, &o. 



[To the Cliiuwa ve one tlia knowlwlife <>f thu m-in 
factiire of ailk j but iu «n)i:iu, even with tbem, u hid 
remote luiliiiuitj. Silk wbh brouglit uverliuiii fniiu Chiua 
to Butne, within h century nJ"ler Alemnder bad opened 
tba puMge to India. !□ tbo reign of Aureliui, Ji.1>. 37 
Itti price wan ao bigb, tbiit a [lound ut Kilk wiu lald fni 
pound of gold, neorl; e([iial to 50/. About e. centur; 
later it« purcbaw wm within the reacli of oil cUu 
Rome; and in the rsign oF Jujtinuui, a.d. 551, by the 
agency uf two XeBtorian monkB, who brought the egga of 
the silkworm from China, the nuuiufacture of ailk 
introduced into Europe. Venice and Ljoni afterwards 
took the lead id ita Kuroi>e3n mauuracturo ; and the re- 
vocation of the edict of Nantes brought the first silk 
WBaTBT* to Spilolfielda in 1«SJ. 

Silk is atill iniport«il from China, and it excels that of 
every other country, in brilliancy and colour. Consider- 
able quantities are aUo imported from France and It«lj ; 
the sitk of the latter country being esteemed tlie superior. 
The silk manufacturers of Knglond have succeiiafully 
Striven under many disadvantages (one oF which has been 
the difficulty of raising the raw material at home), to 
cope with the continental manufacturers in the produc- 
tion of elegant fabrics, and they now produce some 
which rival, if they do not surpass, those of foreigners. 
Mancheater, as an eiample, eihiUta " gros de Naples" 
aa good and as cheap as that of Lyons ; and the establish - 
mont of our Schools of Design Lids fair to secure our 
superiority in the taste and beauty of our patterns. 

Of the various kinds of silk fabrics presented to our 
notice, we can only deBcribe a few. Damask, which was 
fonnorly used for dresses, is now chiefly employed in 
furniture; it is a twilled fabric mode in the same manner 
as linen damask, mth flowen, birds, and other orna- 
ments worked into its texture. Brocade is a fabric into 
which, originally, threads of gold and silver or a mixture 
of these were introduced to increase the richness and 
aplendour of its appearance. This name, however, is 
applied to rich ailk etufis, aa satins, taffetas, lutoetrings, 
&c., adonied with floweia and figures. Satin is a glossy 
silk twill to which the soft and glistering appearance is 
given by rendering a great number of the threiuls of the 
warp visible in the process of weaving : instead of raising 



each half of the warp aJtematsIy, only a fifth or u 
eighth part is raised, so that the face which is thus wova 
downwards, presents an even, close, and smooth tnrbet. 
To improve its apjiearance, when taken out of the loom, 
it is rolled on heated cylinders which renden the tta 
still more emixith, and imjiarts to it a more brillkit 
lustro. The amooth and plain Fabrics, as lutestring, gra 
de Nagiles, Persian, ducape, levantiue. sarsenet, b., 
differ from each other chiefly in their tfaicfcoess ani ' 
quality. Some of these, however, ore figured. TaSetj 
ia a fabric of a wavy lustre imparted by praraure ltd 
beat, with the application of an acidulous liquor which 
produces the effect called watering. Tabby and tabbineti 
are varieties of the latter. Armoieen is a thick pltun silk, 
generally black; used for clerical and funeral purposes. 

Velvet is ilistingiushed by the soft pile on its surface, 
which is produced by the insertion of short piecrt 
of silk thread doubled under the weft, and so crowded 
together as entirely to conceal the interlacings of tht 
warp and weft. The loops of the thread are after 
cords cut, and then they exhibit the appearance of i 
brush; the pile is produced by the separation of Uu 
threads, aud the applicaUon of machinwy to cut then 
smooth and even. The warp and pile of good velvet an 
both composed of organzine ailk, which ia oompoMd of 
several threads of raw silk twisted or f Armca together id 
the form of a rope; and its richneei depends upon Ike 
relative numbera of its pile threads. Velveta are nid to 
be of different degrees of richness, vii., of two, fbnr, or 
six threads, according to the number of pile tluesiti 
inserted between each of the dents of the reed, nt 
velvets of Spitalfields may be safely oomptred wilk 
foreign velvets in fineness and strength, aa well as in 
genera] appearance. 

llibbons, or, mora properly, ribands, are chiefly oudt 
at Coventry, and have of late so much improved id 
manufacture, that our home producers can now vie niA 
the foreign. They partake of the same varietin a 
general, as the larger ailk fabrics; they are freqoentlj 
ornamented vrith s pearl edge, wMch is formed ij 
makiog some of the threads of the waft prqjeot b^oad 
the rest. Clouding is an appeatMioe given to rihbain 'm 
the dyeing.— R. W.] 





FLA! AND HEMP. 



INTRODUCTION. 

tiAX and Hemp fixmad the nUple niaterial for Testable textile manufacturea in tlie United Kingdom long 
(dor to tbe de*Miif>iMnt of tlie cotton trade. The ^[dicatJOD of cotton, in " 



. ; Hki thia material haa alitadT, in roanv inatanccs, entirely, a 



e degree, ia alto- 
a othera in part, repkced flax 



aad iMCDp, Htd tba aabatitatkn k continoallv proceeding in fresh directions. For many punwees, howerer, 
•otbn doaa not Kpptai to offer ilaelf aa a jmBable aalatitnte for tlie materiala concerned in this Claw. The 
HaMifaMe diBtawee in the condnctiiw propertiee (for heat) poeaeaaed by cotton and flai alone aeema to aaaiga 
a WBarate nae to them in textile manufacture, whiob, coupled with thdr difTerent physical and mechanical pn>- 
flke, wS&. pmbably alwaya render thdr employment in textile labrice dittinct. 

n* Qav campnihtnda the foUoning Sub-Claaara ; — A. Flax-fibre, in ita various conditions, as Steeped and 
Daalatped, Heckled, Ik. ; B. linen Tarn and Thread ; C. Plain Linens of all widths. Bleached, Unbleached, 
aid Dyed ; D. Damaaka, Diaftera, Drilla, and other Twilled Linens ; E, Cambrics, Cambric and Linen Hand- 
kidMft, lAwna, ftc ; F. Cmdace of all kinds. 

The podtton occupied by the <mjecta in thia Clasa in the Exhibition Building ia near the Weetetn Entrant^ 
n tbe •onai ride of tlie Nave, Onnmd Floor. The Areas devoted to their reception are L. and M. 6 to 8, and 
K. and 0. 4 to 6. On tlie North Wall, also, in a receas near the flax machinery, in Class T., are placed apeci- 
mna of hesvy canvsa, sail-cloth, ftc, and in a port of the space occupied by Class XI., will also be found 
tiriona manufactures belonging to tbe present Class. 

A D'CMt variety of damasks of difTerent kinds are exhibited. Tbc design of several of theae repreai its in a 
Ibrcible manner the sncecss with which the Jacquard principle is applied to the ornamentation of raiirics for 
ccdinary use. The localities supplying these and siniilsr articles are chiefly Itelfast, Dunfermline, Ilamsley, 
and Hancheater. Some interesting collections of the niateriaU used, and of its first stages of prepamtion for 
mano&cture, are likewise shown. The most orrlinsry articles such as sacks, threads, flshing-ncta, ropes, and 
twine, have all a place of interest and importance In this Clasa. The heavier deacriptionB of flax manufactures 
tit supplied chiefly from Dundee, Hull, Greenock, and Arhroath. I'he machinery necessary to weave some of 
these productions, such as aail-canvaa, sacking, &c., presents a forcible contrast by the size and power of iU 
nuis to the lighter and more el^^t machines employed for weaving the fine cambrics used for pockct-hand- 
keTchiefs. 

Specimens of articles manufactured from diflerent kinds of flax and hemp will also attract notice, and illns- 
tiate the peculiar applicability of these sorts for difTerent fahrica. Jule, a fibrous material of recent introduc- 
tion from the E^st Indies, is becoming extensively employed, particularly for cartxitiuge, sacking, bags, &c., in 
which a fine malerial ia not necessary. Tbe beautiful fiax prepared at Courtrai, and adapted exclusively for 
the most delicate fabrits, is employed in the manufacture of many of the articles exhibited. Uritish, Itussian, 
China, and Manilla hemp, enter into tbe comjioaition of others. 

In IH41, upwards of one million and a quarter cwts. of flax and tow were imported into England at a duty 
OOP ptTiny a cnt.j yielding consequently about H.HOOl. to the revenue. Tbe flax factories in the United 
Kinsilom are of great size and im]x>rtance, and employ a large number of oj^cratiiee in immediate or indirect con- 
nexion with them. If it should become (lossiblc to obtain cheaply an adequate sujiply of flax of home (iroduc- 
lico, and of the fit quality for tbc purj'osea of the spinner, tlie de|>cndeiicy of this country upon tbe £ast and 
.America for cotton as a textile material would lie greatly leRKCned, and an imjiorlant field of commercial activity 
would be laid open at ourowndoois. But the properties of fiax, and the tedious processes necessary forils prepa- 
ration, have hitherto proved an obstacle to its more extensive cmiilo^TUcnt. A variety of cx]icrinieiits on this 
anbj<-ct are however in progress, the ultimate result of which can senrcely bo foreseen; and it appears already to 
have been proved by actual trial that this fibre can, after preparation, be agijilied to the ordinary machineiy of 
the cotton-mill, yam having been spun up lo modeiale numbers from flax tlius prepared. Until recently flax 
cuttivstion has scarcely been fairly attempted ; but it seems prol>ablc that in a short lime extensive, and it 
may le hoped Bucr«wiful, trials will be made to supply this country with o manufacturing material so intrinsi- 
cally valuable.— H. E. 



610 



Class 14.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Areas L. M. N. O. 6 to 8. 



rUNTTED 



1 HoLDEN, John, & Co., Iteifast, Trelniid — Doaignen and 

Manufacturers. 
Sewed book muslin, jaconet and book frill collars; 
sewed book caiies. LadieH* caim, tamboured. Infants' 
c»\m, sewe<l cambric, and f»ewed book. Infants' frock 
bodies. Fancy habits. Infants' n>bes. Chemisettes. 
Cambric and book iuMortion. Cambric and book edgings. 
Sewed book sleeved and floimcings. Sewed cambric 
flouncings. Linen cambric handkerchiefs. Polka jackets. 



2 Browns, John R. & William, lianjor, County Dovn, 

Irei'itul — Manufacturers. 
Lady's robe, and baby'rt robe, embroidered muslin . 



3 Dufferin's, Lonl, School, Bilftst — Producer, 
lilmbroidered handkerchiefs, worked by i>ea8ant girls. 



4 Pelung, Charles, 81 Aoulemji Street y Bcl/nst, Ireland 
— Inventor and Manufacturer. 

La<lies' embroidered muslin robe, designed by M. 
M'Kinsie, Belfast. 

Irish cambric ornamented gentlemen's shirt fronts. 



5 Andrews, Michael, Koyal Manufactory of Linen and 
Danutskf Ardoyne, Belfast, Ireland — Manu&cturer. 

Table cloth of new pattern, to be presented to the Earl 
of Clarendon by the Royal Society for the promotion and 
improvement of the growth of flax in Ireland. The 
centre represents the star of the Order of the Garter, 
in a union garland of rose, shamrock and thistle, inter- 
sjiersed with flax, and surrounded by the jewels of the 
Order of the Bath and St. Patrick, with Irish harps in 
shamrock wreaths. At each end is a presentation piece 
from the Royal Flax Society, Belfast, 1851, on a group 
of shamrock and flax, surrounded by the Clarendon arms, 
incorporating the collar and jewel of the Order of St. 
Patrick, with the motto and jewel of the Onler of the 
Garter. The border exhibits a rich collection of flowers, 
drawn from nature. The ground consists of four large 
amaryllids around each representation of the arms, with 
small sprigs of shamrock and flag intertwined, &c. 

Table cloth of new pattern, designed by John Macken- 
zie, Government School of Design. The centre consists 
of a rustic stump and basket of rich flowers, resting on a 
group of flowers at the base, and supported by an Arum 
and a Strelitzia, surrounded by a light wreath of flowers, 
chiefly climbers, and a ground harmonizing in same style. 
The border represents a rich scroll, each compartment 
terminating with distinct flowers. The comers represent 
the rhododendron in flower, the end and side the centres 
of flowers. The margin represents the hearts-ease, on 
leaves of the same. 

Table-cloth, extra double damask, with arms of Gold- 
smitlis' Company of London for centre, flowers with sprigs 
filling, in a scroll and flower border. 

Table-cloth, extra double damask, with arms of Baron 
Rothschild for centre, surrounded by various sprigs, and 
border of flowers. 

Table-cloth, extra double damask, with arms of Mr. 
Wheble for centre, surroimded with sprigs, and encircled 
by two flowing scroll borders. 

Table-cloth, extra double damask, being pattern of a 
rich table service of various lengths, manufactured for 
Her Majesty's 62nd Regiment of Foot, showing the num- 
ber in a large star, surroimded by a flowing riband con- 
taining the names of the battles in which this regiment 
obtained honours, with sprigs, the whole enclosed by a 
border of oak and laurel intertwined. 

Piece of extra double damask, containing twenty -four 
doyleys, being six diflferent patterns and foiu* doyleys of 
each pattern. 

All in an unbleached state as they come from the loom. 



7 Richardson, Sons, & Owden, Belfast, Ireland-- 

Manufacturers. 

Double damask table-cloths, with border, roses, Am- 
rocks, and thistles, Irish wolf-dog and harp; oo^M^ 
piece, shield of oak leaves, flags, anchors, and a dore 
encircled in palm wreaths with olive bnuich ; side nnge, 
tray -scroll, Prince of Wales's feaUiers, in oak wreath; ud 
centre range, a temple, British royal arms, vaae of £k>wen, 
&c. Denigned by William John Magee, Lisbume, Ireland. 

Double damask cloth. Samples of Irish linens, rangii^ 
from a coarse quality to the finest ; of light lineii, 
ornamented for the export trade; and heaTy lintai, in the 
bro^'n state. 

8 Fletcher, Alexander, Glasgmo — ^Manufeujturer. 
Various patent linen threads. 

9 Leadbetter, John, & Co., Belfast, Ireland— 

Manufacturers. 
Linen drill, brown, bleached, and dyed. Fancy drill, 
plain checks and strii)es, all linen, and mixed. linen 
creas, platillas, and hollands, brown and dyed. 

10 Kirk, W^huam, 8c Son, Annrale, near Keady, 

Ireland — Manufacturer. 
Rough brown linen. Brown, natural drab, dyed drab, 
slate, and black linen hollands. Bleached linen diapers; 
lining, family, and fronting linens; and unions. 

1 1 Bennett & Adams, Coleraine, Ireland — ^ManufsMsturen. 
Fine linen. 

12 Adams, Jane, Strabane, Ireland — Manufftctum*. 
Needle- work scarf, apron, collar, and cuffii, made of 

linen yam, in imitation of lace. 

13 Crawford & Lindsays, 3 Lawrence Lcme, CheoftUi 

— Manufacturers and Bleachers. 
Specimens of white and brown linen sheeting; damaik 
table linen, &c. 

14 Carson, R., i?«im/«ifcforr», Belfast — ^Manufacturer. 
Woad, bleached, and unbleached linens. 



Q Bell, Thomas, & Co., Bellview, Lurgan, Belfast — 

Miinufacturers. 
Samples of cambric bordered handerchiefs, clear lawn, 
andphun cambric. 



15 PiNKERTON, James & Robert, Ballymoney, IreUmi— 

Manufacturers. 
Fine linens. 

16 Henning, John, Camhray House, Waringstovn, 
BanftruLje, County Ih>rn, Ireland — Manufacturer. 

Samples of handkerchiefs; linen cambric; ''silk^ 
flax;" "golden flax;" Iri^h cambric hem-stitched; «n- 
broidered; and with printed boi-ders. 

Printed linen cambric dresses ; and lawns, straw colour; 
shii-tfrontings; satin daimisks, bleached; napkins; double 
85itin damaaki*, grey war]), white weft, and slips; satin 
damask gold and white desAert cloths; gold and purple, 
and other coloiu^d table covers. 

Damask coronation cloth, manufactured in Waringn- 
towu, in 1717; sketch of the cloth, to show the pattern; 
piece of brown cambric. 

Satin damasks, butterfly pattern, scroll border, Port- 
land vase, scroll border and fancy centre. 

Reed for weaving cambric, 5,000 splits to the yard; 
manufactured by Marmaduke Carmichael, Lui^gan. 

Handkerchiefs from China grass. 

Cambric loom; damask loom; machine for weaving 
damask, or other figured fabrics, on the Jacquard prin- 
ciple. 

1 7 Brown, John, & Sons, Wariiujstovn, Banbridje, Ireland 

— Manufacturers. 
Double damask napkins and table cloths, various 
patterns. Unbleached damask. 

18 Sadler, Fenton, & Co., Belfast, Ireland — 

Manufacturers. 
Samples of Irish flax seed. 1 . Flax plant, fully ripe. 
2. Scutched, or the woody part removed. 3. Heckled, or 
propai-ed for spinning ; and 4. Mill-spim and handnspun 
yam. 



foODOM.] 



Class 14.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 6 to 8. 



511 



Spedmens of atrong medium, and light brown Irish 
lioen; and various otner kinds. Also fronting, medium, 
light, and slate linen. Linen and brown sheeting. Irish 
linen creas. Linen brittanias. Estopillas. Linen silesias 
and platillas. White, brown, and slate linen drills. 

19 M*Cat, Thomas, Lisnashanker, Dromore, Ireland — 

Manufacturer. 
Bleached linen, from hand-spun and mill-spun yam. 
Brown linen-warp, mill-spun; weft, hand spun. Linen 
mosquito nettings, all mill-spim yam. 

20 CuBaoEN, Hnx, & Co., Banbridge, Ireland — 

Manufacturers and Bleachers. 
"Bird's-eye" diapers, manufactured from the best 
quality of Imen yam. 



21 RuSAUMoy, J. 9l T., & Co., Springfield, Lurgan, 

Ireland — ^Manufacturers. 
Irish cambric handkerchiefs, plain, hem-stitched, printed, 
tod wreathed. 

22 Malcolm, James, Lurgan, Ireland — Manufacturer. 

Linen cambric, clear lawn, and hem-stitched handker- 
chiefk. Shirt frontings. Lawns. Handkerchiefis of fine 
kuKlipun yam, 70 hanks to the pound. 

23 Richardson & Co., Lislywm, Ireland — ^Manufacturers. 
Samples of Irish linen. 



25 M'MuRRAT, Thomas, & Co., DromorCf County Down, 
Ireland — Manufacturers and Bleachers. 
Bleached and unbleached linen. 



26 KiXNis, W., Dunfermline, Scotland — Manufacturer. 

I)ama>5k table-cloth, made of mill-spun flax yani ; the 
I*tteni [a a combination of plants, flowers, and oma- 
^nta in both border and centre, with flower-8i)rig8 
^^llur^ the centre. Damask table-cloth, pattern the 
P^ vine. Another in the Watteau style. 

l>ani;\i»k table-cloth, with centre, a vase of fruit and 
'^'Tianiental, from which arises a vase of flowers; and 
D^rder, varioui* plants and flower-sprigs. Others in 
^Hhic and German styles. 

iHuiiaitk table-cloth made of yams produced by Messrs. 
Jlar?hall 8c Co., flax-spinners, Leeds, from China gnv^s, 
win^ a new api)lication of this material, with pattern 
**Qi« a^ that of the first article. Another, also of China 
P*** yams with running pattern. 



27 



BiRB£LL, David, Dunfennlinc, Scotland — 
Manufacturer. 
Ta})le^loth design— a medallion bust of Her Majesty 
J"** Queen, surrounded ^^-ith Gothic ornament, and the 
^^ttj of the orders of the Garter, the Thistlo, and 
'•^- l**trick — made of fine Flemish flax yam; of new fabric 
*^ twill, containing *29u threads upon the inch of cloth. 
Table cloth design — group of flowers and bii'ds, with 
^Tiltr, made of fine flax yam. 






24 Corby, Blain, & Co., Belfast, /rc/anJ— Designers 

and Manufacturers. 

Xew damask table-cloths. The ornaments are raised 
M H to have the appearance of being embossed, rather 
tlum woven. The designs are imitation of foliage and 
flowers; and scroll border, the centre a Medici vase, en- 
circled with foliage and flowers. Specimens of double 
<luQaak tray-cloths. 

Specimens of steam-power loom manufacture ; applied 
to damask table linen. Damask table-cloths, vaiious 
detigns. Samples of linen damask vestings. 

Pencil sketch, intended for a design for a table-cloth. 
The border consists of rheum leaves, xnld foliage, flowere, 
wd gnuwes, blended together; the middle a number of 
group!* of flowers, so arranged as to give a brief history 
(in the language of flowers) of Her Majesty the Queen, 
H.R.H. Prince Albert, and the Great Industrial Exhibi- 
tion; the centre a large group, representing the principal 
articles of commerce. 



Table-cover design — emblem and motto of the Church 
of Scotland, the burning bush, ''Nee tamen consiune- 
batur." Made with blue silk on fine flax yam. All ma- 
nufactured by the exhibitor. 

28 Hunt, W., & Son, Dunfermline, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 

Double-damask linen table-cloth, manufactured for the 
service of the Queen. Design, deer stalking and Highland 
trophies, with a view of Balmoral Castle in the centre. 
Linen and silk wefted show-cloth, of the same design. 

Double-damask linen table-cloth ; design, imion centre, 
with scroll border. Linen and silk wefted show-cloth ot 
the same design. 

Three double-damask linen table-cloths; designs, aco- 
nitum centre and garland; fruit centre and lily border; 
and hydrangea garland. 

Foiu* double-damask linen table-napkins; designs, Bal- 
moral Castle, &c.; aconitimi centre^ &c.; fruit centre 
and lily border; hydrangea garland. 

29 Bevebidoe, E., Dunfermline, Scotland — ^Manufiieturer. 
(Agent in London, W. Manvell, 12 Bow Churchyard.) 

Table cloths, bleached linen, brown and white linen^ 
and extra satin, double and single damask, Gothic, ar- 
abesque, and other designs. 

Dinner napkins and doyleys, bleached linen, and 
brown and white. Table cloths and dinner napkins, silk 
and linen. Tray tea napkins, bleached linen, single and 
double damasks 

Nursery and towelling diapers, various qualities. 

Stair carpeting and crumb or floor cloths, linen damask, 
and tapestry. 

Table covers, coloured damask cotton, cotton and 
worsted mixed. Victoria covers, Coloured cotton and 
wool damask. Table covers, merino (all wool), and co- 
loured silk and wool, double damask. Table covers, 
three-coloured brocade, and coloiu^d tapestry. 

30 Sadler, S., Ironmonger Lane, Chcapside — Producer, 
Specimens of fine linen and cambric. 

31 WiLKS, J., 14 & 15 Bread Street, Cheapsidc — Producer. 
Specimens of linen. 

32 Rogers &Wroe, V\-i Cheapside — Producers. 
Scotch embroidered liaudkcrchief, sunk on Fi*ench la\Mi. 

34 Devas, M. T., Mincuener, & Routledge, 24 Lawrence 

Lane — Proprietora. 
Group of damask table linen, exhibited for quality and 
cheapness. 

35 Dewar & Sons, Kiiufs Anns Buildings, Wood Street — 

Proprietors. 

Silk and linen table cloth ; in the centre, enclosed in tho 
figure of a star, is Fame crowning Industry, the whole sur- 
rounded by a garland of flowers ; in the comer of the bor- 
der is the figure of Justice, encircled by a gai'land of flowers 
and ornamentfd scroll-work. lu the centre of the border, 
within a gjirhmd of flowei*s, is the fig\iro of Commerce, 
holding in one hand a palm branch (peace), and in the 
other two wi^eaths, to crown ti*ade by land and soa, as 
exhibited on eiich side of the tigiu-e. Tho whole resting 
on a ground of ornamontid scroll-work. Bleached linen 
tiible-cloth, the same pattern. 

Silk and linen table-cloth, flower border, trees and stag 
in the centre; and side-cloth to correspond. Bleached 
linen table-cloth, same pattern. Silk and linen Com- 
munion napkin. Linen and silk and linen table-cloths. 

Mimufaotured by William Kinuis, and designed by 
James Balfoiu*, Dunfermline, Scotland. 

3G Carter Brothers ; Canter, Joseph ; Jackson & 
Matthewman ; Fletcukr, Henry T. ; Hat- 
TER8LEV, Parkinson, & Co.; Pu;ott& Newton; 
and Haxwortu k Carnley, Uamskij — Manu- 
facturers. 
Bleached linen dowlasses and pillow linen. Yam and 

piece bleached sheetings. Grey and bleached pudding- 



[U.] 



[Official Illustrated Catalogue.] 



'i^ 



612 



Class 14.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Abbas L. M. N. 0. 6 to 8. 



[U: 



cloUui. Bleached butter and tea-clotlui. Grey and 
bleached kitcheu rubberH. Plain and checked gUm-cloths. 
Oyster cluthii. Twilled dtusters. 

Yam bleached and blue ducks. Bleached military 
and checked fancy ducks. Black ducks and drills. 
Natural coloured and fancy blouse hoUands. Grey roller, 
half-bleached an<l full-bleached towellings. Black and 
drab shanking cloth. Pudding canvasses. Horse ban- 
dances. Linen stripes and checks. Checked dusters and 
drilU. Saddlers' checks. Purse canvas. White and 
grey cheese strainers. Screen cloths. 

Loom and bleached medium huckabacks. Loom and 
bleached medical rubbers. Grey Baden Badens. ''Elec- 
tric " rubbers. 

Tape and damask -bordered huckaback towels. Wim- 
boume towels. Table huckal>ack4. 

Grey and bleached table diai)ors. Clouting, niuvery, 
and towelling diapers. Grey and white, blue and white, 
and bleached pinafore diapers. Drabbetts. 

Grey and wnite and bleached damasks. Damask dinner 
napkins, tray cloths, and aprons. Stair diaper and 
damask carpets. Twilled stair carpets. Damask and 
twilled crumb cloths. 

Grey and ''cream'* bed ticks. Blue and white bed 
ticks. Blue and white mattress stripes. Blind and 
marquee ticks. Crankies. 

37 Tee, Charles, & Son, liam»ley — Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Bleached, natiu^ coloured, and fancy linen drills. 
Dyed plain linen and silk and linen vestings. Fancy 
Testing fabrics, mixed material. Plain and &ncy fabric 
for dresses. Bleached toilet-cover fabric. Linen cnddle 
rug. Printed linen and cotton yams. 



38 Walton & Co., Knu-csfjorowjh — Manufacturers. 
Bleached linen sheeting, woven in hand-loom, and of 

considerable width and fineness. linen-duck sheeting. 
Original Knaresborough linen. Brown linen tick. Heavy 
water-twist cotton sheeting. Blue linen check. Linen 
huckaback for towels. Medical rubbers. — ^AU made by 
hand-loom. 

39 Hibbert, Thomas, A'naresboroujh — Manufacturer. 

Linen diaper table-cloth. Pieces of table-napkins and 
pocket-handkerchiefs. — All made by hand- loom. 

40 Emshall, George, Knarf^rotujh — ^Manufacturer. 
Linen-duck sheeting. Linen shirt without seam. 

41 Leebonc, James, Kncwesborowjh — Manufacturer. 
Linen for shirting. Blue and w^liite ticking. Linen 

chemise, woven without seam. — All made by hand-loom. 

42 WiLFORD, John, & Sons, Brompton, near Northallerton 

— Manufacturers . 

Piece of bleached sheeting, made from China grass; 
it possesses lustre, strength, and durability. Specimens 
of white linen drills for military trousers; combining 
closeness and smoothness of surface with durability. 

New fabrics. — "Commodore," piece of white linen 
drill, for naval and boating trousers; and " Wellington," 
piece of white linen drill for military trousers. A range 
of patterns of various qualities of brown and white linen 
drUls. 

43 Pbgler, Charles, Leedn — Manufacturer. 
Double damask table-cloth, in the brown state, with 

the arms of the Earl of Harewood; double damask table- 
cloth, arms of the Royal Horse Guards; napkins; bor- 
dered linen sheets. 

Communion cloth, design the Last Supper, and other 
appropriate emblems; double damask table-cloth, eques- 
trian statue of the Diike of Wellington. 

44 Hatward, R., & Sons, West Chinnock, and 93 Minories, 

London — Manufactmrers . 
Canvas for ships' sails, well known as "Coker canvaa." 
Twines, used for sewing sails. 



45 Row, J., Crewieme — Manufacturer. 
Sail-cloth; and towelling, called medical rabb«i; 

manufactured from flax grown in the immfriiatir n8%jk- 
bourhood. 

46 Pools, JAns & Charlbb, South PetherUm— 

Manufacturers. 
Canvas for ship sails, made from foreign flax, and fron 
English flax. Canvas for vacht sails, made from 
flax. Seaming twine, made from Rnglutb flax. 



47 WiTHET & Smith, North Perrott, near Crtvdtemt, 
Somerset — ^Manufacturers. 
Fancy and other twines of various oolourB, made of 
flax, hemp, and cotton, used for crochet knitting nettii^ 
carpet and silk weaving, and a variety of other pazpossk 



48 FiNLATSON, BocsnELD, & Co., Glaagow amdJokukmi 

— Manufacturers. 
Patent linen thread, common and satin finish, coloured 
both in black, dark blue, white-brown, and all fraqr 
colours, in best and second quality, for tailoring poiposei. 

49 Morrison &; Hurn, 25 Norton Folgate — 

Manufacturers. 

Rope, line, and twine, of all sixes, and qualities, suited 
to every purpose. 

Model marquee, flags, rick -cloth, horse doihing. 

Suit of horse nets, sheep netting, hare and ra&itiiet- 
ting, portable bow net, drum net, casting net. 

New portable fire escape. 

Bed sacking, cocoa-fibre matting. 

Snake, brush, double thrumb, and lancj bcfdmd 
cocoa-fibre mats. 

Com, flour, and malt sacks. 

Waterproof cloth for railway trucks^ waggons, Ctfii^ 
drills, &c. All patented. 

50 Houghton, Sarah, ^sA/oiyj— Manufibcturer. 

Superfine double damask table-clotha and napkioi^ 
Kent arms centre, and basket centre. 



50a Schwann, Frederick, Hitddertfield and LeedM-^ 

Proprietor. 

Samples of Nos. 70, 80, and 100 leaa line-yam, A qua* 
lity, made from French flax. 

Samples of Nos. 25, 30, 40, and 50 leas line-yam, 
D quality, from Dutch flax. 

Samples of Nos. 18, 25, 35, 45, and 70 leaa line-yun, 
E quality, also from Dutch flax. 

Samples of Nos. 10, 20, 30, 50, and 70 leas line-yam, 
G quality, from Russian flax. 

Samples of Nos. 20, 25, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80 leai 
line-yam, J quality, from Russian flax. 

Samples of Nos. 30 and 35 leas line-yam, K quality, 
from RuHRian flax. 

Samples of Nos. 25, 30, and 45 leas line-flax, aladL 
four-thread, second quality, from Russian flax. 

Bunch containing samples of Nos. 20, 30, 40, and 50 
leas line-yam, slack twist, third quality, made from 
Russian flax. 

Bunch containing samples of Nos. 18, 30, 50, and 70 
tow, O quality, from French flax; and of Nos. 25 and 35^ 
frx>m Dutch flax. 



51 Title?, Tatham, & Walker, Leeds — ManufactnrerB. 

Patent linen sewing threads. Superior patent satin 
finish, or polished sewing threads. 
Shoe threads, closing and stitching flaxes or lines. 

52 Qrimshaw & Wilkinson, 13 Bridge End, Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 

Oiled cloths and sack covers. 



53 Holdsworth & Co., Leeds — Manufacturers. 

Linen thread, patent soft satin-fimsh, and old finiah; 
linen shoe thread, grey and finished. 



Clabs 14.— flax and HEMP. 
Arbab L. M. N. 0. 6 to 8. 



», E. H., Sorrier, Hear TVitro — MnnufectiireT. 

HB, for Tsrioui puipoMB, manufactured from 

Rturiaa huDp, uid from white HaniUa hemp, 



iter and imager than Ruarian hemp rape. 

' ^ '"~ maritime purpoees, manufactiui ' 

h hemp, nope, for reef-points 



id rope, for 



mum&ctured from Manilla hemp, and frr 

ip. Roond rope, for Etaoding-rigging for ahipo, 

Jtctnred &om Rtuaiu] hemp. Cable-laid rope* 

will of double and mngle wots tube fozee, for 
fire underwater, blaating rocks, firing mogBzinea, 
of aafetj-fiilee, being nude aolel; of twino, mid 
rior quiUit;- 



vrta, HEnT, Abiasdon — Monubeturer and 

Dengner. 
chequered, mih, and Manilla matting, for lialle, 
1.; each piece varied. Coooa-nut uid Manilla 
■Dcy ouook-nut mattingi superior jute carpeting. 

XBABT, NlNiAH, & SoNS, EirkalJy, Scotland 

itber-bed tick, made entirelj from Out and 

sd. Faather-bed tick, of the Bame kind, but 

1. 

d diaper bed-room toweU, made &om the best 

; frilled uid plain. 

huckaback, used principally for bath and rough 

towela; manufactured from double yiuiia. 

Its, and ux-buahel bags, general])- used for 

lour, grain, potat<»ea, &c. ; monu&cturod en- 

i tow: the Dames of the owners ore printed on 

1 oil paint, b; a printing-press made for the 



LNOOTH LOCLU. COMMITTEE— PriMluC 



m, RoBE>T. Kirkalii;/. Ssiltinrf^Maoufacturer. 
' fine four-trcsdle bed -tick, made eutirelf of Sax 
aken from stock, 

mBT. RoBEBT, .\f-ini fail, Glasifiv, Kirkaidy, 

Firf'ir, iml Brenfliri— Manufiictiirer. 
. mnpies of buck, dowlas, ticks, loom sheeting, 
ick and twill dusters, blue linen, &c. 

Jamsun & Co., Hill — Importen imd 

Hanufacturors. 
Jid flai from Ruiaia, and jute from the East 
the nw and undreaied alAte bs imported, and 
jtagee of uuuiufacture. Yam nnd canvas from 
grey bleached, including Bhip's Baik'lotli, pro- 
m uxand hemp in the "bolt," wuol-flheoting 
^, Mcking, tarpauling, bod-saL'kinj;, railwa; 
ivering. Sec., of various (jualitiea. 

dux, Jobs, 4 Co., Ilntl. i'lrkshire— 

Monufacturera. 
I of patent maile corda^, from Baltic hemp, 
cut made conlage from Manilla hemp ; tarred. 

TTEB & CooFEBS, T/uf J— Manufacturers. 
inrdage for the use of aBiliog and steam vessels, 
i collieries, the whale Ssheries, and deep-sea 
Manufactured by steam and [uimual labour. 

K Ddhdee Local Committee, Soitlaiul — 

Producers. 
or Jam bleached, '21 pieces of 25, 27, and 
Tef;uelas ; li) of M inch dowl.is ; tj of 25 Bud 
jlitarf duck ; S of 27 iuch cdletas ; 1 of 30 iatli 
3t 30 inch ihGetingB. i pieces of White liussia 



sheeting, 40 inch; 2 pieces of clesred, or grass bleached 
3& inch crsguelaa ; 5 of 30 inch creas ; 1 of 30 inch pra- 
mante. 21 pieces of brown, cresm, and white 20 inch 
canvas paddiiig ; — mmufaotured bj Jamee Smeeton and 
Son, Dundee. 

12 pieces of 37 inch bleached duck. 10 pieces of 
40 inch cream Ruula sheetings. 4 pieces of^ 40 inch 
striped and ohecked Ruasia sheetings : — manu&ctured bj 
J. and A. Lung, Dundee. 

Twelve pieces of light and heavy loom dowlaa, 39 and 
30 inch. 4 pieces of heavy loom sheeting, 3S and 90 
inch. 16 pieces of 3-4tb heavy loom and bleached huck- 
aback. 10 pieces of bleached imperial ducks and military 
drills, 37 inch. 12 pieces of bleached dowlae, BU and 35 
inch. 5 pieces of blenched pillow linen, 40 inch. 5 pieces 
of6-4thB, 10-tbs, ll'4tha and 12-4ths bleached sheetings. 
' 3 pieces of bleached Russia diaper, 22 inch; 4 pieces of 
bird's eye dii^JBT, 20 inch; K pieces of clouting diaper, 
i-lths; 13 pieces of dice and harness diaper, 8-4thB. 4 
pieces of brown and bieachod window linen, 43 inch: — 
manufactured by Aleinnder Lnwson, King's Kottle. 

Six pieces of common bleached canvas. Nob. 1 and B. 
6 pieces 34 inch lailor'a podding canvas; — manufaotureJ 
by John Mori, Dundee. 

Five piecos of 40, 45, M, and 60 inch Hesaian, or 
packing canvas. 10 pieoea 51, 54, and 00 Inch striped 
bedding. 1 piece of 30 inch bed tick. 5 piecea of 34, 
27, and 30 inch bed Backing, 1 piece of 34 inch padding 
canvas ; — manufactured by Coi urotbers, Dundee. 

Three pieces of S7 inch Sour sacking- 4 fueces of 27 
inch ooal sacking. 4 pieces of 37 and 29 inch corn 
sacking. I piece of 20 inch striped jute socking. S 
pieces of navy canvas, Nos. 1 and : — tuonufactured by 
Aleiander Easson, Dundtie. 



> pieces of 33 inch jute carpeting. 1 piece of 36 
iiatting, made from Manilla fibre. 1 piece of 36 inch 
ing, made from coir and Manilla fibro: — manobc- 



tured by James Neish, Dundee. 

Eight pieces of Osnabergs, manufitctured by Don 
Brothers and Co., Dundee. 

Ton pieces of 4-lth brown sheeting: — manufactured by 
W. and John Don nnd Co., Forfar, 

Three pieces of heavy floor-cloth, 2 to 3 yiirda in 
width:— manufactured by Thomas Bell, Dundee. 

Two pieces of 2-4tbs jute stair carpeting. 4 piecea 
of juto Btiur carpeting. 1 piece of 30 inch tarpauling tow- 
warp, jute weft. I piece of 37inQhjute bed sacking. 
3 pieces of 42 inch cotton, or coffee bagpinst- 1 piece 
of 34 inch double hop pocketing: — mimufactured by 
Alesander J. Warden, Dundee. 

Four pieces of 31 inch strong bed tick. 2 pieces of 4i) 
and 45 inch twilled sheeting: — monufoctUTiKl by Jamel 
Browu, Dundee. 

Fifty pieces of striped and ohecked fancy linens, with a 
variety uf pat1«raa of each: — moDU&ctured by John 
Lcodbctter and Co., Dundee. 

G4 SoPEH, RiCHABD S., 4 Shssojii Street, Norton F^lgale 
— Muu ufaeturcr. 

Specimens of lines, usually called patent lines, of 
variouH siiJM, for hanging window -sashes, abutters, blinds, 
lamp?, &c. 

apedmons of Bkiji ping-ropes. 

05 Smith, J., E«at Br.TnKiVA— Manufacturer. 

Speeimeus of ropes, lines, twines, &c.. manufactured 
by machinery from Ruasio, Manilla, ond Italian hemp( 
IiTsh, Baltic, and Egyptian flai and tow. 

G6 UiiATHoltSES & LoNCBTAFFS, 13 Catc Strtet, Zi'bco/h's 
Inn r.fl.ts— Manufacturers. 
Shoemakers', saddlcn'. and horuess-makcm' threads, 
tied balls for shoemakers' use. 

67 MOOEE, WiLUAH Fi?iE, CrM-hi'inie, Duiyfas, !ilt of 

iliKV— Manufacturer. 

Canvas for ships' sails, immufaitured from long Irish 

flai, woven by power, without atarch or dressing. Twine- 



Clau 14.— flax and hemp. 
Anus L. H. N. 0. 6 TO 8. 



68 Hdddut, Sir Jmbp», k Co., /.VnuAouM— 
Muiiittcturera. 
Cordifce unil noiloloth — Turod cordage, from Baltic 
hemp. UutuTiKl corrlatco— ManilK Bombay, India Sunn, 
Italiui, Hungarian, CoSuiubia River, now. Pover-loaot- 
WOTen •ulcloth, for the Indian navy, on tba Dutch plut; 
forthaBritialiiuivy; and for the Merchant navy. 



69 Tdu, SiMtm. 153 Fmcluirv\ flmt. and niaU 

field,. Mile fjput i^M'd— Hanu&ctunir. 
Spadmena of twine, rojiea, tinhing linea, neta, 4c,, of 
different materiala and qualitie*. 

70 WitL, E. tt T., flnniursi— Manufacture™, 
Hand-apiui laid cord* and toiuee, made From Potiih 

Khine hemp. Petersburgh cat clean hemp. Polish Rhine 
Mod Peteraburgh hampa, dremed and iindresasd. Twinea 
nude from Ri^ flax yam* and Uik jaiat. Whipcordn 
nude from Box yama. Saah and jack lioea, made from 
Indian apun hump -, etothea-llnee from Manilla hemp ; 
hoTM-hiir and Manilla honw-hair clothee-liaea, Horeae' 
halter* from Petenburgh hemp. Bed nackings. Hone- 
hair cloth. Fiuicy door-mita, made from Icdiajuta hemp. 
Curled bome-hair. 

71 



HiRFomD, Qborqe, OnfaiSfMii— Inventor. 
Specimen of na improved iiailHsloth, manufactured by 
Uilvain and Harford, 



72 GocBocK RoPEWOHS CoNPANT, QremoeJi — Hanufac- 
tuTBTS, (SlDLEB, StNUCL, Iromnanjsr Lane, C>itaptidc, 
Agent.) 

Sail-cloth, extra beet quality! bleached, aecond quality ; 
bf^led, third quality. 

Tarred oonUgo, Torioud inches; four itranded, baw«or, 
ajid boltrope. Manilla cordage, varioiu inohea; wurmod, 
bawHor, and tarried. 



73 Edwarm, J. ; Ewenb. Joun B,, & Co. ; OtTKoaT, 

Joseph, &Co.; Houmell, Josepu; HoiFMBeLL, 

Wx., ft Co.; Ptmore Cdupast; Rendali. & 

Coombs ; Stephenb, J. P., & Co. ; Tuckeb. 

Tnoa., ft Co.; Whethah, S., & Sosa, Local 

CumitiittcCf WriW/ior(.™ProducorH. 

^jecimena of the staple manufootnre of Bridport, 

lilting of twines, canvas, woba, neta, lines, ehoB'thread, 

tarpe,uling, sacks, lie 

Case A. 

Hemp and Flax in variou« stogea of prGporation. 

Case B. — Tu-.h™. 

No. 1, Three-thread Belling long reel, I rand, 4} Iba. 

per dosen nuid. 

2 to 4. Throe-thread fishing short reel, 1 rand each, 
~ 1, and 13 Ibe. per doien, made from Frieslond Sax. 



«. pe 
S to 7. Threa-threod fishing ihort reel, 1 rand each, 6, 
S, and 12 lbs. per doien, mode from 



ir-rottad Dorset 



I. Three-thread finhLog short reel, I rand each. 
6. S, nnd 12 11m. per dozen, mndo from dew.rotCad 
borvat flax. 

10 to 16. Three.thread fithing short reel, 1 rand each, 
9, 13, 15, IS, 24, 30, and 38 lbs. per doien. 

17. Three-thread seal. Ha. t, 1 skein. 

la. Three-thrend trawl, ^ rood, 48 lb. per doaen. 

19. Thresthread salmon trawl, } rand, 72 Iba. per 

30. Three-thread turtle, 1 skain, 73 lbs. per dozen. 

21 to 25. Three-thread cod-net, 1 rand each, 4|, 9, 12, 
15, and la tbs. per dozen. 

36 to 32. Three-thread solman-net, 1 rand each, 24, 
SO, 'M, 40, 48, 60, and 80 lbs. per dozen. 

S3. Two-Uiiead fishing short reel, 1 rand, 6 lbs. per 



34 to 41. Two-thread poriick sod msokerel, 1 nnd 
each, T, 9,10, 11. 13, 14, 16, and 18 Ibe. per dossn. 

42 to 51. Two-thread cod-net, 1 rand ewih, 9, 10, II, 
tS, ID, IS, 19, 20, 21, and 34 Iba. per doien. 

52. Nine-thmad lobster-net, I rand, B4 lbs. per dDKB. 

,53. Two-threHi and threethroad shop. 54. Dutch. 

55. Three.thread pocking. 

56. Fine three-thread bimabed gilling. 

Case C.—Omcat. 

I. No, 1. Bleached double warp, 24 inohaa vide. 
3. No. 1. Bleached double warp, IS inehsa wide. 

3. Mu. 1. Halrblaoched warp, 31 incbaanide. 

4. Ko. 1. Double waip, 24 incbaa wiile, aa nsed in Hs 
U^caty's Nary. 

5. No. 1. Smgle warp, full bleached. 

6. No. 6. Double woip, full blesohad. 

Cased. — n'rf*. 
Nos. 1 and 2. Brown extra stout, machine web, 12 uhI 

3. Striped extra stout, Artillery ^rtb, 4 inches. 

4. Brown gullet web, 1^ inobea. 

5. Superfine brown stnuning web, 3 inches. 

6 and 7. Fancy linen girth web, 31 and 2 inches. 
8. 3tripod tray web, 2| inchea, 
d. White boot web, IJ inchtH. 
10. White linen cotlar or bradoon web, IJ itKhM. 

I I , Diaper web, 2^ inches. 
IS. Choir web, I) inches. 

13. Brawn ei^ stout. Army girth, S Indiei. 

14. Saddls-seat web, 8} inchea. 

1.S, in, IT, 18, IS. Ruk; linen girth wab, 3}, Sii^ 
2J and 21 inchea. 

20. White linen roller web. 4 inches. 

21 and 22. Fancy linen roller web, 4 inchea. 

23, 24. 25, 20. Fancy linen roller web, 4 inches, 

27. Fancy linen roUer web. 5J inches. 

as. Whito woollen brace web, 2J inches. 

29. F^ey woollen girth wob, 2^ inches. 

30 and 31. Fancy woollen roller web, 5} inches. 
Cabb E.—FiiM«S'!f*lt. 

1. Herring-dri/t, 18 feet deep, tl £>tboma long, 9^ 
inch moali, roped. 

3. Hackerel*drifl, 2T feet deep, 10 bthoms long, 3} 
inch meah, roped. 

3. Uerring-drift used on Eogtisb coast. 

4. Uockerel-drift used on English coast. 

CabbF.— i«H. 



each, 9, 12, 

7. Bank, 

a. Cod, I tin' 






9. Northseacod, 1 line. 

1 0, Log, 1 line. I S strands. 

II to la. St. Peter's cod, 
1 line eaoh, 15 and 18 
threads. 

13. Long labors, 1 line. 

14. Pollock, 1 line. 

15. Squid, orjigger, lline. 
16 to 18, Snoods, 1 line 

Case O. — SAoe-lhreadt and Seaming-tviiia. 
22. Yellow cloung. 
No. 3, — " " '— 



tl ft 22. Wllip^ro^^, va- 



23. Norsala, 1 lb., used 
for tying nets to bead' 

24. TwD-thread marline, 

25. Three - thread hous- 
ing, 1 Blip. 

20. Mackerel. I hne. 

27. Longsed, I line. 



3. Best common. 

4. Fmo. 

5. Fine fiax. 

6. Superfine flax. 

7. Eitm superfine flax. 

8. Brown closing. 

9to 16. Varieties of half- 
bleached. 

n&18. Green. 
ieto21. Tellow. 



fitting. 

24. White closing. 
These 24 articles at« 
threads. 

25 & 26. 6 and 9 three- 
thread seaming twine, fnns 
Dorset dew-ripe flax. 

27 & 2S. 6 and 9 thne- 
threod seaming twine, fron 
Dorset wnter-ripe flax. 



Kbodom.] 



Class 14.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Abeas L. M. N. O. 6 to 8. 



515 



1. Unbleached cast-net. 

2. Bleached cast-net. 

3. Bleached sprat net- 
drift 



Case H. — Fiahing-nets, 



4. Bleached 
drift. 



78 Plummeb, R., Newcastle — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of canvas. 



herring- 



Case I. — Fishing-Mts, 



6. Piece of mackerel. 

7. Cod-seine, 3 inches. 

8. Cod-seine, 4 inches. 

9. Cod-seine, 5 inches. 



1. Piece of Lance-net. 

2. Piece of Capeling. 

3. Piece of Ehingarvon. 

4. Piece of pilchard. 

5. Piece of herring. 

Case K. — Fishmg-nets. 
1. A mackerel drift-net, as used in Sussex, fitted for 

S. A pilchard drift-net, as used in Cornwall, fitted for 



Case L. — Bags, Sacking, 4rc^ 

1. Patent waterproof covering. 

2. Five-bushel seamed bag. 

3. Three-bushel round bag (without seam). 

4. Four-bushel round bag (without seam). 

5. Three-bushel seamed (heavv 6 lb.) bag. 

6. Three-bushel round bag (without seam). 

7. Five-feet bed-sacking. 

8. Piece 4 feet 4 inches sacking-cloth. 

9. Five-feet patent sacking. 

10. Wool sheet. 

11. Four-bushel round bag (without seam). 

[These articles though little interesting in themselves, 
are yet important in a social point of view, and represent 
in some degree the interests of our coimtry, as a maritime 
nation, which are connected with this manufacture* 

Bridport may be considered the especial seat of the 
hemp and flax manufeM^ture, a branch of industry which 
baa flourished there for centuries; in fact, so early was 
Uiat ancient borough celebrated for it, that in an Act of 
Parliament, 21 Hen. YIIL, it was set forth, that the 
inhabitants " had, time out of mind, used to make within 
the town for the most part all the great cables, ropes, 
ind other tackling for the Royal Navy, and the most part 
of other ships within this realm." 

It is difficult to estimate the number of hands employed 
in the staple manufacture in the town and the surround- 
ing district, the majority of the population being engaged 
in one or other of its branches ; the number may be 
roughly estimated at from 7000 to 8000.] 

74 HoixowAT, Thomas John, Saiisbury — Manufacturer. 
Hemp and flax twines. 

74a Bbexkeb, John, Kirkaldy, iSco^/am/— Manufactiuer. 

Pieces of sail-cloth, made entirely of Baltic flax yam, 
the warp being of three-ply and the weft four-ply. Sail- 
[^loth made upon this principle is stronger thau canvas 
Eoade in the usual way, particularly if the yams are made 
from Irish flax. 

75 Dixon & Loncstaff, Stctckton-on-Tees — 

Manufacturers. 

Sail-cloth, made &om Baltic long flax; hand-loom woven. 



76 



Ha&bzs, Jonathan, & Sons, Cockennouth-^ 
Manufacturers. 
Dved and bleached linen threads. 



•♦• Th^ fourteen folknriruj are placed on the North Wall, 
near the Flax Machinery in Class 5. 

"7 Beai^ Bbown T., Andover Furd, Gloucestershire — 

Manufacturer. 

Sacking, tubing, tarpaulin of hemp and flax ; flaxen 
P'eat coats, &c. 



79 Phaser, D., Arbroath, Scotland — Manufacturer. 
Kavy bleached and boiled canvas. Improved brown 

canvas flax warps. Common brown tow, single brown 
tow, and common bleached canvas. 

80 Duncan, D., & Co., Arbroath, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Hemp sail-cloth. 

81 Rennt, Sons, 8c Co., Arbroath, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Navy sail-cloth made for British Qovemment. Im- 
proved sail-cloth, made for the British merchant navy. 

82 Gordon, G. 8c A., Arbroath, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of the various qualities of line and tow-yam 
manufactured in Arbroath ; dry-spun line -yam. No. 1 
to 50, and tow-yam. No. 1 to 25. Sail-twino. 

83 Salmond, W., Arbroath, Scotland — Manufacturer. 
Bleached unstarched sail-cloth ; mill-washed long flax 

sail-cloth. Tarpaulin, unstarched, 28-inch brown. Single 
best tow vitrie. Best brown tow double canvas. 



84 Garland, W., Arbroath, Scotland — Manufacturer. 
Hop-pocketing. Floor-cloth. Nine-feet flax canvas. 

85 Ramsat 8c Smart, Arbroath, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Sacking. Brown canvas ; brown single canvas. 

86 Anderson, C, Arbroath, Scotland — 

ManufiEU!turer. 
Imperial and Russia ducks. Ticklenburgs. Russia 
sheetings, and padding canvas. Double canvas, single 
canvas, and waterproof cloth for railw^ay covers. Hemp 
tarpaulings. 

87 NicoL, A., & Co., Arbroath, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Towelling. Sheeting, bleached and brown. Osnaburg. 
Mixed-hemp siu^king. Flour sacks. Rye-grass sacks. 
Coffee-bags. Shop-twine ; hemp-twine. 

88 Curr 8c Co., Arbroath, Scotland^ 

Manufacturers. 
Brown flax sheeting ; brown tow sheeting. Loom 
dowlas ; loom sheeting. Ticklenburgs. Ducks. 



89 Dagnall, Charles, & Co., Little Chelsea — 

Manufiicturers . 

Variety of mats and matting. 

Samples of fine coir yam from Cochin ; of coarse coir 
yam, Bombay; of coir yarn, Ceylon; of coir junk and 
fibre, from Cochin, Bombay, and Ceylon. 

Specimens of silk grass, lute, or paut hemp, from 
Calcutta; and of Manilla hemp. 

[Coir yarn is obtained from the husk of the cocoa nut, 
and "jute" from the stems of Corchorus olitoricus. — J. L. 

90 El)GiXGTON, Thos. F., 45 Botolph Lane — 

Manufacturer. 

Specimen of composition cloth, made up from long flax, 
and dreased >vith a solution which renders it perfectly 
waterproof ; used for railway luggage, truck covers, &c. 



♦«♦ The five follutciwj arc placed uith Class 11. 

91 Sadler, Samuel, 24 Ironmonger Lane — Importer. 

Bleached light linen, in cartoon boxes. Bleached sile" 
sijw iuhI plutilhw. Kstopilliw, Virctiuiaa, and areas legiti- 
mas. Thick linen handkerchiefs. All exhibited for style. 



•od cbaqmlaa, >■ well aa adApt&tioD for tlia South Ameri- 
c«n, Ueiicaii, isd Went Indian mnrketa. 

Bleikched medium linen*, eitrs itronf; lineni, fronting 
lineiw, end eitru atrong ahirtioga. Elzlubitod for quality 

and Gtoeaa for tha home trade. 

92 OociaoN, JaMtt, ft Co., Lubatn, Irtlaiid— 
Hanufacturen. 

fine damaak table-ctotb, with the armorial baaringi of 
Hii Oraoe the Duke of Bedford. The collar and atan of 
the Order of the Oarter, kc., approprintelj iatarwoTeii. 

Fine dAnunk tabte-cluth, made for HU Once the I>uke 
of Sutherland. 

Viae doDuek table.cloth. appropriately ornamented with 
the improTed inaertiona, having the varioua royal ituignia, 
with colUn and atui of tha diffarent order*; made for 
Her Ifaywty. 

Fine damaak aideboard tablecloth, apprapiiately oma- 



srby, and f . ._ „ _. , 

feOuard*;the ISthLaneenj the Soota Fuiilier Ouatda; 
and the S7th Begiment, with badges, fto. 

{Placcil partly intA Clatl It, mdpartly icith Clou tt.) 
[Tbe antiquity and celebrity of the "fine linen" of 
Egypt, clearly pointa to that eountiy, a* the plaoe where 
Ha manutiKture originated. Specimetu of thia article 
wrapped about the Egyptian mummiea, and luppoeed to 
be at leaat 3000 yeara old, are remarkable for flnenesa of 
texture. Uimd wm introduced into England, by the 
Fleming* in 1253, a* a lubstitute for the woollen ahirting 
prerioualj worn. Although Ireland new eioeU in thi* 
manufacture, it waa not introduced into that country 
till 1634. 

One kind of linen is atill odled Holland, from the 
place where itwa* flnt manufactured; this article luiTing 
been largely imported for domeatic uae, before our home 
manubcture had arrived at auch perfection aa to take its 
place. Unbleached linen ia called brown Holland, and 
i* uied for varicui article* of clothing and upholateryj 
■ileiia ia a speciea of fine brown holland, glaied. Dowlaa, 
il a atrong kind of Iriah linen, for ihirting. Drill, ia a 
■tout twilt for trousen. Damaak, ia a twilled fabric, 
unular to that made of nlk, and much used for table- 
cloth* ; Dunfermline, in Scotland, and Ardoyne and 
Uabum, in Ireland, are celebrated for the beauty and 
exoelleoce of their mauuiacturea in thia article. 




Brown '^■"■"fc i* I 
bring deemed afaroDger In t 
eeoDomical. Diq)en are d 
■impler pattwn*. There an alao u 
diapen, made of linen and a 

Sheeting linen* are of Tarioua n 
Irish, Lancaahiie, and Scotch; alao Jtuna, Toffcahira, 
and Bamaley; beaidea there are unions and inutattcaa rf 
theae, of which tbe Ruana i* the stnii^aat and iiiamal. 
Huc k a b a c k, i* a apeciea of very ooana diapar n«cd for 
towelling. Tick and union tick are well known atticl« 
for upholstery purpcoe*. Canraa is usually made of 
hemp, but a finer sort is made from fiax. Coane canvas 
i* uaed for sail cloth, tents, and coverings of vaiiom 
kind*. The finest article made in linen, i* called eambtte 
or Batiste, from Cambray, where it vraa first mads, or 
Batiate, ita flnt maker. VVench cambric i* still much 
esteemed in the shape of bandkardde&i, though it m 
often equalled by our home manufacture. Scotch oambrie 
is a cotton fabric, made in imitation of Avneb cambcie. 
L^wn is a apeciea of very ftiM liDO^ q^roaohing cambric 
in texture.— R.W.] 



3 CocLSON, WtuUN, Litburn, /reload— Dedgnei and ' 

Hanulkcturer. 
fine •*-"■"> table-cloths and n^kin*. 
{Placed parllTI iciU Claa 11, and partly inU ClamU.) 



05 CATVKh, John, & Bon. 

Part hiventora and Itakeri. 

Tsble cover, of linen ilarnM k, unbleaehed. T^ **ai*, 
bleached, for uae; manu&ctui«d in Sootland. 

Registered striped or banded towelling. Inrented by 
the exhibitors. 

Newark huckaback towelling: the " Wellinston," tf 
yam twice twisted in tlie weft, preserving it alia us if 
during wear; the "Russia," and tbe "Newark," with 
recent improvemenla in fabric. 

Huckamtck towellings, bleached, of various qnalitisi, 
manufactured in England. 

SheetingB for household use; tuanufMtuMd in Inland. 



>6 M'Lsowiti.H, Josh, ft Co , 3 Baryt Tvd, 

BvcAlerwb'try — ^Hanu&oturera. 
Bleached mil canvas, made ttom Irish Sax, and by hand- 



Far Clam 15— Mixed Faxucs, urcumixo SaA.iHA—SM Clam* 12 te IS, p^a II 





LEATHER, SADDLERY AND HARNESS, SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Thi preaent Claaa includes a varioty of manufacturing processes relating to the commercial preparation of 
uimal mbatanoa in the form of leather, skina, fur, hair, and feathers. Until within a recent period, expe- 
rimce imther than acience hoa directed the labours of manufacturcrB in their operations upon the»e substanceB. 
And at pnwent the rules taught by experience are in many cases atill pursued in practice, with, however, euch 
modificationa ai an intelligent comprehension of the operation of the chemical and other philosophical laws put 
into force in the processes would su^cat. 

TberollowingHDb-Classea are recognised in this Class : — A. Leather, as rough and tanned, curried, enametled, 
died — Oil Leather, as Buckskin, Doeskin, &c. — Wiiite and Alum Leather ; Sheep and Skin Ru)^b, Parchment, 
ud VeUmn ; B. Saddlery and Harness ; C. Miscellaneous ; D. Skins and Furs of all descriptions for personal 
ud domestic tue ; E. Feathers, as those of the Ustrich, Marabout, &c. ; F. Hair, ornamentally and usefully 

^le twatitHk occufned in the Building is at the North side of the Western Main Arenue. The Areas 
indodea are Q. H. I. and J., from 10 to 14. In addition, specimens arc suspended from the Galleries, and in 
the centre of the Avenue is a case containing examples of the most rare and costly furs. 

The localities in which the manufactures concerned in this Class are carried on, and from whence articles 
far exhibition have chiefly been derived, arc Bermondsey, where the preparation of leather has been successfully 
woducted during a very long period, Hull, Swansea, Bristol, Cork, LiverjHx>l, Edinburgli, and Falmouth. 

Tbe manufacture of leather has been estimated as only fourth in inijioriance among the national manu- 
toires of Great Britain. A krfw amount of capital is employed in its jiroduction, and the number of 
■nisaiis atid others directly sup]x>rted by this branch of industry hnx been taken to amount to nearly a quarter 
ol a million. The total annual value of (lie leather manufactures is comjititcd at aU>ut fourteen millions 
tteriin;;. U appears probable that in the mere article of bouts and shoe*, upwards of seven njillions sterling 
ta snnuallv expended by the inhabitants of this country. If it bo considered that rather more than half the 
li4ther ptoioced is thus ap[ilicd, the remainder is employed in the proihiclion of harness, saddlery, gloves, and 
tW multifarious pur]ioaes for which leather is applicable. Of talc chmiistry has been studied attentively by 
iIk* <iependent upon this branch of industry, and successful results have ensued. A variety of patent 
I*nx»ies exist by which the enormous amount of time involved in tanning on the old system is abridged to a 
tUTpTinni; extent. With some specimens of leather it has not iKt-n uniisual to devote eighteen months or 
oinHnt! to their wimbination with tiie native principles of the bark. A few weeks are sufficient, under several 
'Jlhf uew s}-stcnis, to effect the same object. But it is stated that the leather produced rapidly, differs from 
■lui [icoiiuced hy a slower process of combination in its durability and solidity. And it is considered by 
wiic that lime is an essential element in the manufacture, and that it cannot be advantflKConsly shortened to 
>s; cnnsidcrable extent. I,ealher is unquestionably a chemical cran|jound, and this renders it i)robable lliat a 
)W Hid gradual process of comtiination between the (gelatine of the skin, and the Innnin ncid of the bark, 
""y [iroduee a leather, to some e\t«nt, of different proiicrtica to that foniicil bv a quicker operation. A very 
w.-t ainunnt of leather is, however, manufactured by tlie rapid prcccss, from n^iich it may 1<g concludol that 
J** imdiict piissesses great conmiercial value. A great variety of leathers in all conililions and states of mnnu- 
iiRure a exhibiteil, with instructive series illuKtniting the peculiarities of different mcthoiis of manufacture, 
"f fifing t/> the difference of the [rtirposes for which the jireiiared skin is to he afterwanls n]>plicd. 

Anntensive and interest in;z collection of funi is exhibited. Probnlily tlic op|K>rluiiity has never before pre- 
'^'"i itself for a complete study of this class of manufacture. Furs of the most rare description, devoted only 
^Ae ose of iDonarchs, are among these s|>ecimens. To the natiir.ilist desirous of ascertain ini; the genera an<{ 
?<rie« notdin^ the furs of coiimicrce. a subject on which much cimflicting opinion exists, these objects, wliicH 
jft /ally and correctly descriliod in tho Catalocne of this class, will lie highly interesting anil instructive. 
'Whers anri hair arc also represented liy various interesting objects, (lossessing their )ieculiar merits and 
"'racti.,n. Tiie numU't of exhibitors in this class is considerable ; but since it indndi-s lioiits Mul shix-s, and 
Nlirr articles of personal and douieslic use, in adilition tos.i<ldk'ry ,>Sc., the ni!nil>er of [BTHmn iiclunlly ajijicaring 
itnLc ca[iacity of mauufactHrers is to bo distinguished from the iiro]irictors. Anil ns is the ci>ninion nde, tlio 
flm •>{ producers or manufacturers beam only a small pro[K>rlion to that of proprietom, or, in 
imte, veudors of manufacturcl articles. — II. E. 



&18 



Claw 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Abeab O. H. L J. 10 TO 14. 



[UKITKir 



1 Bevimgtons k Sosn, Nechinger Mill, Bermomdbeif — 

Manufacturon. 

Qoat, sheep, seal, kid, and lamb skins, in the manufac- 
tured state. 

Ctoat, seal, sheep, and calf skiiis manufactured into 
morooco, roans, skivers, and enamelled leather, for fur- 
niture, bookbinding, and shoe leather. 

Kid, lamb, ('a{)e sheep, and calf skins (alum leather), 
manufactured for gloves, shoos, and shoe binding. 

S|)ecimens of leather, with varieties in tmnning and 
1 eather-dreesing. 

[Leather, such as that used for boots and shoes, is 
strictly a chemical product. The skins of a variety of 
animals are employed in the prei>aration of this article of 
universal use. The preiwu-ation of most varieties of lea- 
ther consists essentially in the formation of a chemical 
compound, of the gelatine of the skin, and of a chemical 
principle called taimin, contained in the li(}uid used. 
Alum leather differs from ordinary leather in its pro> 
|)erties and composition. — R. E.] 



2 Squibe, Thomas, Lutchford, Warrin(fton — Manufacturer. 

Specimens of sole leather, tanned in Cheshire, made 
from hides, the produce of Buenos Ayres in South 
America, tanned with oak bark, the produce of Belgium, 
and a veiy small proportion of valouia, from Smyrna — 
26 weeks in process. 

Sole leather, tanned without l>ark, made from hides, 
the pnxluce of the United Kingdom; tanned with e^iunl 
proportions of di\'i divi from South America, gombier 
rrom the East Indies, and valonia from Smyrna — 16 weeks 
in process. 

3 LiTPTOit, John, Chnjycl Lane, Bradford — Manufacturer. 

Specimens of cemented leather strapping, used for 
driving-belto in weaving and spinning. 

4 BusE, Nicholas, Oxford Street, Swansea — 

^ianufacturer. 
Improved calf-skins for the upper-leather of boots. 
Manufactured by a new process. 

6 NiCBOLLS, H., 5 Stafford Street, Bond Street, and 4 and 5 
Birchin Lane, Cit>f — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Waterproof tanned leather, skins (of English and Cape 
sheep), for sporting articles, shooting gaiters, trousers, &c. 

Black buckskin leather of permanent dye, suitable for 
trousers and other articles of dress. 

Sjiecimens of paste for cleaning white leather trou- 
aers, &c. 

White buckskin hunting breeches. 

Cleaning balls of various colours. 

Improved composition for rendering the soles of boots 
and shoes waterproof and durable, and the upper leathers 
soft. 

A new waistcoat in leather and cloth. 



G Hartlet, Elizabeth, Lxtw Bridje, Knarcsboroiigk — 
Designer, Inventor, and Manufacturer. 
Hoorth-rug. Boa and muff. Carriage^bonnet and rug. 
Pair of cuffs. — All made from English lamb and sheep- 
skin. I 

7 Robinson, J., Waterside, Knareshorough — 

Manufacturer. 
Carriage-rugs of different colours. Hearth-rug. Boos 
and muffs. Carriage and wool -slippers. Table-mat. — ^All 
made from English and foreign sheepskin. 

8 Hill, G., Knareshorough — Manufacturer. 

Rugs for carriages, carriage-slippers, and tea-urn mats* 

9 Clapham, John, Knareshorottgh — Manufacturer. 
Hearth-rug. Rugs in sxmdry colours, for door-mats 

and carriages. Foot-muffs, for carriage use. Travelling 



shoes and boots, and slippers for domestic use. Huff. 
Boa. Victorine. Tea-om mat. — ^All made from sheep- 
skin. 

10 Deed, J. S., Little Ketepori Street, Leicetter Sqmart— 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens of leather. 

Dyed sheep and lamb-skin wool rugs, or mats. 

\^ ool rug, made fh>m sheep and lamb-skins, represent- 
ing the globe, Britannia, peace, and plenty, lion ai^lsxnb, 
and doves with olive branches. Motto — " The earth, b 
the Lord's and the fulness thereof." 



11 Wilson, Walkeb, & Co., Leeds — Mannfactarefs. 

Coloured sheep-leather skivers, for bookbinden, hat- 
ters, &c., coloured roans, for fumitiune and boots; rolkr 
leather, for silk and cotton spinning; chamois or WMh 
leather. 

Coloured calf and morocco, hard-grained, for bodi- 
binding. 

12 Benson, C, 11 Waterloo Street, Leeds— 

Manufacturer. 
Hair-bag for extracting oil from linseed, &c. 



13 HoGABTT Bbothees, Cork, /r^^ofM/— Manu&cturers. 
Boot fronts and legs, kip butts, roans, shoe nud- 
dlings ; black-grained calf for buttoned boots; calf-akin^ 
waxed and russet, and tanned in simoac. 



14 WiNSOB, Geobge, k, Son, Great Buasell Street, 
Bennondseif — Manufacturers. 
Coloured wool rugs. Rugs, &ncy and bordered. Heaiih- 
rugs, fancy bordered, and white. Skins for cavalry, 
white and black. Skins japanned for socks. Skins for 
ladies' boas. French dog and lamb skins, for lining gloTei, 
shoes, &c. ; and carriage and foot muffs. 



15 Rheam, E., ffull — Manufactiuner. 
Specimens of boot and shoe leathers, of French and 

English calf -skin. Horse-hide from Spanish A"***n'^ 
tanned and curried in England. 

16 Holmes, Thomas, Anlahy Eoad, ffull — ^Importer 

and Manufacturer. 

Specimens of tanned hide from the neck and back of a 
full-grown walrus, or sea-horse; also, from a young one, 
and from a cub. 

Polishing- wheels covered with the same. 

Heads of male and female walrus or sea-horse, taken 
by Captain Gravil at the Davis' Straits fisheries, 1850, 



1 7 Stockil, William, 33 Long Lane, Southwark — 

Manufacturer. 
Wellington boot fronts and grafts, waterproof. 

18 Evans, Thomas, & Son, 10 Silver Street, Wood Street. 
Parchment and chamois leather. 

Fancy parchment direction labels. 

19 Glover, J. & T., 7 Wood Street, Cheapside— 

Inventors and Maimfocturers. 

Specimens of oil leather, from buck, doe, calf, sheep, 
and lamb skins prepared on an improved principle. 

Specimens of gloves manufactured from leather pre- 
pared by the new process; and from Irish kid skins. 

Improved button for gloves, shirts, wearing apparel, 
&c«, which can be permanently attached without per- 
foration. Improved opening for gloves. 

[Leather dressed with oil, instead of by the process 
in which tanning combines with the gelatine of the skin, 
differs in many of its properties from leather prepared 
by tanning. Oil is generally made to penetrate the skins 
by " fidling" them after sprinkling the surface with oiL 
The oil enters into a permanent combination with the 



Ki5<nMm.] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



519 



•kiiiy and the leather becomes soft and pliant. Ordinary 
wash- leather ia an illuatration of this mode of preparing 
skins for use. — R. E.] 



20 HiauwoBTH k LiNLET, 30 West Smithfield— 

Manufacturers. 

Boot fronts and half fronts, from English calf skins; 
ud from foreign calf skins, tanned abroad, but ciuried 
and blocked in England. 

Cordoran hides, from South American horse hides. 

[The enormous herds of horses congregated at times on 
tlie plains of South America have been noticed in striking 
tffms by Baron Humboldt. During the inundations of 
which these plains are periodically subject, vast numbers 
ef hones perish — ^the victims of the crocodiles or the 
uters. They are also the prey of the Indian hunters, 
lad their hides form an important part of the export 
tiade of several South American ports. These hides are 
in high repute in Great Britain; and in 1841, the quantity 
imported amounted to 394,526 cwt.— R. E.j 



21 Brisdley, T., Paradise Street^ Finshury — 

Leather reticules, dressing case, &c. 



22 ToMiiH, William, Canal Bridge, Old Kent Road — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Superior description of parchment, nearly resembling 
dnwing vellum. 

23 Btam, Euza^ Bazaar, Soho Square. 

Compound stationery case, in highly ornamented mo- 
roeoo. Novel in its form, being a model of a part of 
I the Great Exhibition building. 

A portable case, containing conveniences for travelling, 
: in writing, working, dressing, and refreshment cases ; it 
ean be affixed to the inside of a carriage, and form an 
leoitoire. 

Lady's carriage companion. Another adapted for visit- 
ing sad railroad travelling. 



24 Levqi, J. & J., 13 Sise Lane — Manufacturers. 

Writing, drawing, and binding vellum. Drum and tam- 
bourine heads. Writing and binding parchment. 



25 Wood, William & Samuel, 32 Bow Street — 

Manufacturers. 
Calf 8kin in its natural state, with the hair on, simply 
dried ; the same tanned in oak bai*k, prepared for the 
currier ; the same of various thickuessed, curried for 
Wts and shoes ; and the same variously dres»ed as 
nwrocco, Ac. ; also for boots and shoes. 



07 



27 Lesxt, James Thomas, 12 Market Street , Manchester — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Portmanteau for travelling, "with improved fi*amc, 
without tftnifis or buckles on the outside. 



28 Imsox, CnARLES, 11 Smitlison St., Yar?i St., llnlnic, 
hear MojicJu^ter — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Improved portmanteau, constructed so that all the 
|unaons are thrown open at one time, to facihtato i>ack- 
'%, ftod the removal of imy article ^dthout having to un- 
lock, and to prevent rain or water getting in the inside, 
bjr loaking the staff to t^hut close all round. 

29 FiNXACAS, J., Manchester — Manufacturer* 
Travelling trunk. 

30 JoxES, William D., I/i'jh Street, Shrcirsbury — Designer 

and ^Lmufacturer. 

Improved patent shot-belt — (the ' * Royal Albert ") — 
omamenterl in relief, by hand labour. 

SpecimenB of other article.ii, manufactured iu leather, &c. 



31 Smith, William Henry, k Son, 136 Strand — 

Manufacturers. 
Despatch boxes of various sizes and descriptions. 
Travelling and dressing cases. 
Writing, blotting, and card cases, &c. 

32 George, Clement, 102 Dean Street, /SbAo— Importer 

and Manufacturer. 
Morocco and Russia leather, prepared for the use of 
upholsterers, coachmakers, bookbinders ; also for dressing 
and other fancy case makers, boot and shoe makers, &c. 

33 Last, Joseph, 38 Haymarket — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Registered wardrobe portmanteau, with five compart- 
ments. 

Knapsack for pedestrians, containing an extra pocket 
on the top. 

Improved bag for clothes, linen, boots, &c. 



34 East & Son, 214 Bermondsey Street, Southwark — . 

Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Patent velvet-napped, embossed, coloured leather. Em- 
bossed by Messrs. Customs and Co., 51 Bunhill Row, 
London. ^ 

35 Atj.tn, William, 126 Drummond Street, EusUm Square — 

Inventor. 
Pair of bellows, the sides being made of wood instead 
of leather. 

36 Allen, John Michael, 37 Wardour Street, Soho — 

Manufacturer. 
Homoeopathic medicine cases. Tooth-powder box, to 
prevent the escape of the powder. 



37 Motte, Augustus, 16 Southwark Bridge Road — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Patent waterproof leather portmanteau, cut and made in 
one piece, and without a stitch. 



38 Last, Samuel, 25G Oxford Street — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Registered railway portmanteau, for the use of tra- 
vellei*8 ; divided into four comj>artments. 



39 Everett & Co., 51 Fetter Lane — Manufacturers. 

Blacking. Vaniish for dross boots. Waterproof var- 
nish for boots, harness, &c. 



40 James, J., 102 Oxford Street — Manufacturer. 
Registered railway trunk, which contains a collapsible 

hat or bonnet ciise, a leather pocket, sliding division, and 
tray. Patent wardrobe portfolio. 

41 Judge, Charles, G Ston Place, East Street, \Valworth 

— Dcrfigner and Manufactiu'er. 
Leather buttons, each consisting of one piece of leather, 
for boots, shoes, giuters, coats, auid clothing in general. 



42 Woodman, William, 13 Three Colt Court, Worship St., 

Finshnri/ — Manufacturer. 
Leather backgammon table. 



43 Harrows, G., 38 OIJ Bond Street — Manufacturer. 
Ladies* improved waterproof travelling chest. 



4G Maiden, Charles, Xorth Cottage, Vicar's Hill, 

Lvui^haiu — Inventor. 
Saddle on an improved jn-inciple of fixing and relieving 
the flaps and pannel })y hand. It is convenient for tnivel- 
ling, or for shifting after a heavy saturation : the bearings 
are free, and the use of noils hiv* been avoided. A 
favourite-seated siuldle CiUi be supplied with additional 
flaps and i>anel. 



620 



CLAB8 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Abkab G. H. L J. 10 TO 14. 



[U: 



47 Re^d, James Bird, Penryn, Cornwall — Manufactiirer. 

A Rhaved hide, for making best bridle reins; tanned, 
not carried. 

A rough tanned cow-hide, the produce of Cornwall, for 
making wuldle-skirts and stirrup-leathera. 

Specimen to show the quality and kind of leather used 
in Cornwall, for the purpose of gearing the buckets of 
pumping engines with from GOito 90-inch cylinders. 



48 Clark, Ctrus & James, Street, near Glastonbury, 
Somersetshire — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Model of the rural factory, a portion of it containing a 
Tariety of shoes, &c. 

Urn- rugs, flower-stands, muffli, cufis, and victorines, 
made from English lamb-skin. 

Caps made from British slinks, or mort lambs. 

Varieties of socks for shoes, of cork and gutta percha 
covered with lamb-skin. 

Ladies' carriage boot, of lamb-skin inside and out. 

Gentlemen's brown wool-lined slippers. Ladies' slippers, 
of lamb-skin inside and out. 

Foot muff, with hot-water case under. 

Patent elongating gutta percha goloshes, with improve- 
ments ; put on or off without touching with the hand ; 
light, elastic and firm. 

Registered shoes, which answer the purpose of boots, 
without fastening; elastic, and easv in walking. 

Sample of leather gaiters, and housemaids' and men's 
gloves. 

Angola goat-skin, English sheep and lamb-skin, and 
slink lamb or mort, in the raw state. 

Angola hearth-rug, dyed in one piece : the pattern 
containing eight colours without joining ; exhibited for 
the ingenuity of the pattern. 

Pure white Angola hearth-rug. 

Hearth-rug, with centre pattern, of lamb-skin. 

Crimson Angola skin, exhibited for its size and depth of 
colour. Golden crimson stair and door-rugs. 

Orange and pink Angola carriage rugs. 

Yellow, blue, green, lavender, &wn and brown Angola 
toilet rug. 

Crimson sheep-skin, exhibited for its sice, and deep 
colour. 
• Brown door, gig, and oarrisge-rugs. 

Varieties of carriage or window-rugs, with ornamented 
centre. Bedroom rugs, of various patterns. 

Tanned mop, or mop-head. 



49 Rood, G., & Co., lioltons-boroughf near Olastonbury, 
Somerset — ^Designers and Manufacturers. 

Hearth, carriage, and toilet rugs, with designs ; manu- 
factured from sheep-skin and Angola goat. 

White, crimson, and pink Angola rugs, for carriages, 
doors, recesses, &c. 

White, brown, crimson, green, and blue sheep-rugs, for 
the same piu*poses. Carriage foot-muff. 

Sheep and Angola goat-skins, in the raw state. 



60 Cooper, Matthew, 25 Stcingate, Tor*— Designer, 
Inventor, and Manufacturer. 

Improved side saddle, with pilch of Berlin wool work 
(from the establishment of Mr. Jancowski, York). 

Military saddle, with pilch also of Berlin wool work. 

Improved light himting and racing saddle. 

Somerset saddle, with skirt similar to a regular hunting 
saddle. 

51 SouTHET, George WuuAM, &Co., 16 Little Queen St., 
Lincoln's Inn Fields — Manufacturers. 

Seal-skins and hides for the use of coachmakers, har- 
ness-makers, and accoutrement-makers. 

C^df-skins for the use of accoutrement-makws and 
boot-makers. 

Hog-skins and hides for the use of saddlers. 

Hides for straps for machinery and pipe-hose. 

Hippopotamus hides for the use of meohanioal engi- 
neers. 



52 Maxwell ft Co., 161 Ptcowitf/y— Ma&a&ctann. 

Glass case, containing sodcet spurs (iqilitary reguktiot 
and others), and spring spur-sockets, with 
showing their several stages of manufiu^ture. 



53 I^utwtche k George, Skinner Street, SnowBtB— 

Manufactoren. 

Goat-skins, manufactured in England, for the nw of 
bookbinders, shoemakers, upholders, coachmaken, fte. 

English sheepmkins. 



54 Karlow, Jambs, Wafai/^--Mannfiictqrer. 

Steel carriage and riding bits; with newdesignaof 
mental character. 

Spenser^s patent metallic saddles. 

Harness, with roistered ornamental mountingi. 

Stair balustrade in malleable cast iron, 
the strength of wrought iron. 



55 Cox, Samuel, TVu/«a/^Inventor and Mannfactnrg. 

Newly invented Albert stirrup and stirrup leather, sad 
improved draw-mouth clipper-bit. The stirrup is alwaji 
in a position to meet the foot, and can be put on sr 
taken off, without the use of the buckle. 

Registered draw-mouth, clipper-bit which may be used 
either with or without curb. Provisionally registered. 



56 Banton, Edward, Walsall— Inrenior. 

Patent enamelled waterproof horse harness, i ^ yuri^g 
no blacking. 

Patent Hackney riding-bit, with moveable mouth. 
Hackney bridle, roimd head and reins. 

Hunting breast-plate. Hunting-bits, mounted witt 
heads and reins. 

57 Hawkins, John, Stafford Street, WahaiH— 

Manufacturer, Inventor, &c. 

Registered carriage and hackney bits, upon an inqiroved 
principle. 

Registered Chifney bit, used for either riding or drif]% 
with " double mouth." 

Steel stirrup-irons upon an improved principle^ snd 
ladies' slippers. 

58 Brace, Henrt, WalsaU — Manufacturer. 
Bits, stirrups, and spursj, for the South 

markets. 



59 Pix, James E., Mount Mellick, Queen's Comty, IrOmi 

— Manufacturer. 
Snaffles. Snake's-head bit. Plain riding bit. FbDiaa 
stirrup irons. 

60 Hudson, Samuel, Dublin — Inventor, Designer, and 

Manufacturer. 

A side-saddle with projecting "burrs" in the foivpsft 
of the tree, to prevent the saddle from shifting to the oasr 
side and galling the horse, or slipping fbrwwrd; it aUom 
the front part of the saddle to be an inch lower ^bm, 
usual, enabling the rider to sit in a horizontal ^otatioKL 
The safe, flap, and skirt are all in one piece, and coverad 
with hog-skin. The design of the ornamental work on 
the heads and safe — the rose, shamrock, and thistle. Ths 
stirrup is a recent improvement made bv the exhibitor; it 
opens with a spring, and disengages tne rider's foot ai 
case of a fall. 

Hunting saddle with elastic seat, on a new prine^b: 
invented by the exhibitor. The webs are attached to a 
strong arch of round steel near the pommel, and so ooB* 
structed as to bear violent usage without imuty, giviag 
additional strength to the tree; the action of the QxiBK 
is not more than one-eighth of an inch, which is wai 
to be sufficient to produce the requisite degree of elm^ 
ticity. 

Plain bunting saddle — exhibited for general fitting. 

Light form saddle with steel-plated tree. 



t.l 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



521 



ncAH, WuJAAM, 29 Dawson Street, Dublm — 

ManufiEUJturer. 
full-chMedy sUyer-mouiited, and brosB-mounted 
lamen; set of silTer-mounted gig or cab harness. 
1 lady's side-saddle^ with fans and leaping-head, 
tiaft to gentlemen's hunting and steeple-chase 

I and single saddles for children. 



B, O., 69 Xkame Street, Dublin — ^Manufacturer. 
intaana and camp furniture. 



k Son, Bermondsey New Road — 
Manufacturers. 
gUm boot-fronts and half boot-fironts; grain and 
if-akina; oordoyan hides and jockey legs. 



POBD, W. ft Q., Birmingham, and ffoundsditch, 
London — Designers and Manufacturers. 

I of whip manufacture and ornamental mount 



MOB of registered whip-sockets, or holders, 
lens of saddlery, including a new design for a 
idle and bit. 



>WN, T., & Son, 7 Moat Bow, Birmingham^ 

Manufacturers. 
tens of cut back-head saddle-tree, with whale- 
ings, galvanixed plates, spring bars, and copper 
preyent corroding; and various kinds of saddle- 
id in England, £a^ Indies, &c., of improved 
ions. 



y Abchtbajld Reed, 151 Strand — ^Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
red Clereland and East India himting saddles; 
Idle, with extra crutch, 
ictoria bridle and stirrup, 
brougham harness, with improved shaft and 



LEJfORE, William, 31 Holloxcay Head, Birmingham 

— Designer and Manufacturer, 
gig harness of new designs, 
itent gentleman's saddle, with elastic seat, 
idered lady's saddle, with same improvement, 
saddles and bridles. 

^ mouthing rein for disciplining the mouths of 
I horses, 
ouches, dgar cases, dram bottles, and sandwich 



■AN, Thomas George, Lilley Hoo Farm, Offley, 

near Hitchin, Herts — Inventor. 
red patent genersd fitting saddle, expanding with 
n of the horse's muscles, intended to take off 
isure, and spread the weight. 
red patent self-acting elastic spring roller, for 

red patent harness, with spring trace and tug, 
i and crupper. The spring trace assists the 

taking off dead-pressure from the horses' 
1. 

red patent safety rein, to enable the driver to 
plete control. 

nenJ fitting saddle is constructed to expand with 
a of the muscles, and spread the pressure or 
fcr a greater surface ; also to protect the withers 
ig wrung — a fault frequently occasioned by the 
e common saddle. It is objected to the common 
at in the event of a horse stumbling, the shoul- 
broed up into the gullet of the pommel, and the 
» is often broken ; but even when this is not the 
(xmfinement of the shoulders invariably prevents 
) action, and consequently the horse loses all 

recovering itself. 

ring bar is intended to relieve the horse of much 
od at the same time afford ease and comfort to 



the rider, as well as protection from the injuries that so 
often happen on the pommel and cantle of the saddle ; 
these, in the new invention, being soft and elastic. The 
spring bar is applicable to side saddles. 

The self-acting elastic roller obviates the iiyury result- 
ing from the use of the present tight roller, which, not 
being elastic, when buckled round a young animal, es- 
sentially retards and injures the formation of the chest, 
while it confines and weakens the action of the lungs. 

69 Qabnett, William, Tarporley, Cheshire — ^Inventor 

and Designer. 
A saddle without seams, that is, having seat, skirt, and 
flap in one piece. Elxhibited for lightness and cheapness. 
On the near side of the saddle is attached a patent spring 
bar, so constructed as to release the rider if thrown from 
his horse. On the off-side there is a swing bar, intended 
as an improvement upon the patent spring bar. 

70 ViCK, Richard, Gloucester — Inventor. 

Improved registered harness hames — giving ease and 
facility of draught, by raising or lowering the shifting 
tugs as required. 

71 MussELWHiTE, Thomas, Z>epues — Inventor. 

Patent elastic collar for horses, formed by the combi« 
nation of iron, cork, horse-hair, &c. 

Improved elastic collar for horses, to work without 
hames. 

72 Weir, John, Dumfries — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

A riding-saddle with elastic seat, the buckskin seat and 
flap covers being all of a piece. 

Neck collar, designed to answer the double use of a 
separate collar and harness. The draught being fixed in 
the roll at the proper part, will prevent the neck of the 
horse being injured by the shifting of the harness. 

Portmanteau containing hat-case, drawers, and pockets 
for papers, letters, &c., with separate places for articles 
of dress, umbrella, &c., all imder one lock and key. 

73 Meller, Christian C, 15 Biding House Lane, 

Langham Place — Designer and Manufacturer. 
An enamelled leather travelling-bag, with improved 
fittings inside, secret spring fastenings, and metal knobs to 
bottom to prevent wear. 

74 Ramsey, W., Hull — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Registered elastic -seated saddle. 

75 Clark, W., Mill Hill, Leeds — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
A quilted summerset saddle; the work upon the seat 
representing St. George and the dragon; on the flaps, 
Britannia, surrounded with roses, thistles, and shamrocks; 
on the skirts, the Prince of Wales' feathers. 



76 Thomas, Charles, Strat ford-on- Avon — Manufacturer. 

Registered flexible saddle, with metal cantle, yielding 
to very slight pressure. It is so constructed as to pro- 
mote the circulation of air between the seat of the saddle 
and the horse's back, contributing to the comfort of the 
rider, and preventing the galling of the horse. 

77 Caistor, a. B., 7 Baker Street, Portinan Square — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
Hussar saddle, with holsters and furniture. 
Hunting saddle. 

78 Blackwell, S. & R., 259 Oxford Street — 

Inventors and Manufacturers. 

A cab or phaeton harness, with gilt mountings, chased 
with emblems of Great Britain and Ireland ; the orna- 
ments on saddle, bridle, &c., are the collar, star, and 
badge of the Order of the Giui^er. The whole made of 
black patent leather. 

Improved fetlock leg, and speedy cut boots, to prevent 



622 



Class 16.— LEAl'HER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

AuEAS G. H. I. J. 10 TO 14. 



[Uirrna> 



horaee being lamed by cutting; made of elastic Yulcaniied 
India-rubber web and leather. 

Eye-blinda, for singeing, bleeding, &c. 

Patterns of improvements in saddlery. 



70 Passmore, Wiluam, 27 Little Windmiil Street, 
olden Sq. — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Single-horse harness^ with improved hames and flimi- 
ture. 

80 Atkinson & Eldrid, 185 Regent Street — 

Manufacturers and Proprietors. 

Himting whips, of various patterns, with silver mount- 
ings. Ladies' and gentlemen's riding whips, with gold 
and silver mountings. 

Qig, four-horse, and tandem driving whips, of various 
kinds. 

Registeredyadies' parasol driving and riding whips. 

Walking sticks. 

Gold and silver-mounted walking and riding canes. 

Drinking bottles and flasks. 

Hunting and tandem horns, dog whistles, and other 
sporting articles. 

81 Martin, W. H., 64 JittrlimjUm Arcade — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Parasol riding and driving whips. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's driving, riding, and himting- 
whips. 

mding-cane, dress cane, and walking-stick, made from 
the rhinoceros horn. 

Specimen of the Wanghee cane. 

>iew combination — a walking-stick, whip-stick, or um- 
brella-stick, containing long cylindrical bottle and wine- 
glass, and receptacle for biscuits or compressed meat, 
intended for nulway travellers and others. Invented by 
Francis Whishaw, Esq. 

82 Shipley, J. G.,181 Regent Street — Inventor. 

Lai^ full quilted saddle with improved stirrup leather. 
Provisionally registered. 

83 Skinner, Ambrose, Camhenx^ell Oreen — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Air-filled horse collar, intended to prevent wrung or 
galled shoulders, and jibbing. 



84 Hicks, Henrt, 52 Daisies Street, Berkeley Square — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Lady's saddle, exhibiting the application of an elastic 
support for the left leg of the rider. Provisionally regis- 
tered. 

85 Green, Robert, 8 Edward^ a Street, Partman Square — 

Manufacturer. 
Ladies' saddle, constructed on an horizontal tree, on an 
improved principle. Bridles. 

Somerset and nog-skin hunting saddles. 

Set of single horse harness, and horse clothing. 



86 Whitb, J.C, 29 Liverpool St,, Citg, andlSS Regent St, 
— ^Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Set of pair-horse carriage silver-mounted harness, with 
improved registered tugs. These tugs are intended to 
supersede the use of the large tug buckles, and are 
lignter in appearance. The improvement consists in their 
being straight tubes, into which the trace passes, and is 
secured by a bolt passing through, which can be taken up 
and down and the trace easily adjusted; the trace having 
a straight pull from the bolt, is not liable to meet with 
the unsightly curve or bend which causes it to crack and 
break. 

Set of single, or brougham harness, silver mounted, 
with improv€^d registered tugs. The improvement in the 
single harness is the shaft tugs, which secure the shafts 
and prevent the shaking or jolting of the vehicle, without 
the necessity of wrapping the belly-band round the shafts. 



Set of light pony harness, silver mounted, with im- 
provements. 

Part of a set of tandem harness, with improved ban, 
silver mounted, with the registered parts attodied. 



87 



BowxAR, C. B., Leicester — ^Inventor and 
Manufiictu^r. 

Ladies' and children's victorines, riding boos, and 
mantilla polkas, made of lambskin cured, wHh wool 
attached. Jenny Lind's mantilla and muff attadied, 
imitation of squirrel. Ladies' and children's cufi. 
Brighton round and curly boa. Round ruff; children's 
ruff. Muff. 

Ladies' and men's fleecy patent leather sockB. 

Lapland wool rugs, coloured and white. 

Children's frame-worked coats, edged with wooL 



88 TiSDALE, Edmund, 34 Broad Street, Goldm Spun— 

Manufacturer. 

Somerset hunting saddle-tree, in the flni sta« of 
manufacture ; the same, with a set back-head, in a fi«w h^ 
state, adapted for high-withered horses, See, 

Side saddle-tree, with a leaping head, for wtAltj to the 
rider. 

89 Lanodon, William, jun., 9 Duie St,, Mcmehetter Sq. 

— ^Designer and Manufitctnrer. 

Light phaeton harness, bearing the coronet and initial 
of H.R.H. Prince Albert, made throughout of patent 
leather, and stitched with white silk; with Bilyer-plated 
buckles, &c. 

90 Bltthe, Robert, 4 Park Lane — ^Manofiustorer. 

Lady's saddle, with horizontal and elastic seat, new in 
style and design. 

Hunting or park saddle, with improved elastic seat. 
Harness pad, with end screws removed. 



91 Penny, J., 37 Union Street, Middlesex JTospital— 

Manufacturer. 

Improved design for harness moimting. 

State pony bridle for H.R.H. Albert Edward, Prines 
of Wales, designed by W. H. Rogers; the leather-wo^ l^ 
W. Langdon, 9 Duke Street, Manchester-square. 

Specunens of harness mountings. 

Cabinet drawer handles, metal gilt. 

Portrait of H.R.H. Prince Albert, embossed by hand 
from sheet silver. 

Heraldic and ornamental skewers. 

Proof from a now style of gutta percha mould, Lsnd- 
seer's favourites. " Tam O'Shanter," " The Wolf and the 
Umb" (Mulready), and "The Blind Fiddler," emboned 
by hand, from sheet copper. 

Similar pictures in metal chasing. 



92 SwAiNE k Adenet, 185 Piccadiltg — ^Manufeusiuren. 

Racing whip, mounted in silver gilt. This whip is n-, 
presented in the annexed cut. The design is emblemakio 
of the Exhibition, and representative of the four quartan 
of the globe. 

Riding whip, mounted with gold, set with brilUants and 
rubies. 

Ladies' riding whips, with fan or sun-shade attached, 
of new construction; also with parasols. 

Chowrie riding whips, with horse-hair plumes, especially 
adapted for India or other parts where insects troubls 
horse and rider. 

Riding w^hipa of various patterns and devices. 

Driving whips. Canes of various kinds. 

Reg^tered universal whip socket. 

Hancock's patent flexible-back horse and other bnishsi. 

Improved horse-cloth, allowing a free escape of tiia 
moist heat of the body, which is retained by a woollen 
blanket ; and also preventing the breaking out into a. 
cold sweat, common to horses after being ridden or drivea 
hard. 



SKINS, FUB, AND HAIR. 
Abeas G. H. I. J. 10 TO 14. 




Hewn. Svid» ud Adnay'i Raeinf Whip. 



ttu. COARLra, 31 Wigmore ^frirf— Manufacturer, 
roved lftdj'« Buiidle. A lady's Baddle, with new 
I, on an improved principle. A dreas siugle liar- 
ntb designM for bomesa furaiture. 



BiwiTER, WiTHAJi M., 99 Piccadilli) — 
Defliguer and Manufacturer. 
le horse brougham harness, with patent silrereil 

ruvsl lluiuiaii caralry and other bridles. 



UoBUaTT, DlNilX, 3J Bencick Street, Oifurd 

Street — ^Manufoctu ror. 
rton harness, ailvor mountings, 
le-borse hamaw, lined throughout, silver plated 
nun iilver. A Bingle-horse hnrneaa, lined througb- 
th bms-mouDtinga, bits, and breeching, complete. 



CciT, R-, 18 Ciicktpiir Street — Designer and 

Uanufocturer. 
FToidered velvet saddli;, riding bridle, aud haxneaa, 
lit oroaoieDta. Hunting and other saddles and 



;, F. E., Eo«>^ mi Wam, Bri.jht'XU 
ddle, made bj Bartlej', of Old Quebec Street. 
1 with a patent saddle-girth spring. 



;(., 0:eford Street^ 
I release from tb 



.'lUO», T., k Son, 1 8 & 1 9 IVre 
>Iuiufacturer«. 
safetj Biile-HOildle, by which 
is EiuareJ in case of a fall. 



TLA-Vn, WiLUASI, 199 Sloine Street, Chelsea— 

Mwiulacturer. 
.-'s saddle, of new design, with movoable leaping 
lametimcs calleil third crutch. - 
roved gentlemui's spring.saddle. 



100 Peari, Jame8, Old JCml Boad—iSuiatacturer. 
Harness, with bridle-fronts, and rosettes of satin and 

painted ribbon, whalebone, patent leather, and velvet. 
Fainted canvas and patent leather for harness ftonta. 
Kiding-bridls and harness bridle-fronts. 

101 CanaTaN, Atmosd, 7 WyndhamSt-iBrj/aiuloneSq. — 

Proprietor. 

Two saddles, made by Robert Gibson & Co., Coventry 
Street, one with the exiubitoi's registered safety panel ; 
the other with Reed's patent girth regulator. 

Five brushes far cleaning all kinds of metals, made of 
elostio buff leather, manufactured byMr.Kent, brush mo- 
nnfacturer, Marlborough Street. 

102 Clabibon, I. C— Manufacturer. 
Hamsaa straps, &c., manufactured by machinery. 



103 Stoieb, Joseph, 49 Old Street, St. Lui/i— 
luventor and Manufacturer. 

Lady's saddle, with revolving heads far riding on either 
ude, with increassd facility for dismounting, so as to 
prevent the dress becoming entangled in the beads; also 
adapted to horses of different sizes. 

Improved pack-saddle for overland oonveyanoe of lug- 
gage by horses or mules. 



104 iLtiCKl^&Sos, Maidenhead, Berla, Old Benamafield, 
Baeit — Inventora and Manufacturers. 

Horse collar, for heavy draught, especially up hilla with 
bad roads; applicable for artillery. 

Set of impTDTed pony harness. 



36 HOOHSS, ROBT., b2 Clifton Street, flalbury Sqvart — 

Manufacturer. 
Heraldic mountings for harness in brass, plate, and 
solid brass gilt 



107 Eahnbhaw, Henry, 91 WImpoleSt. — Manufacturer. 

Blue Morocco bridle. Victoria bridle. Plain hunting 
bridle. Round and fiat bridles. Hunting breantplnte. 

Round pair-horse carriage reins. Registered dumb 
jockey, ou an improved principle. 

Ill 



12 Booth, Jobs Peter, .liu/A Qiia'/, or Union Qamj, 
Cork, /.-el-inii— Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Victorine, boa, and muff, made of the Irish turkey 
side feather. 

Victorine, made of the Irish turkey wing feathers ; 
useful fur trimming and ornamental articles of dreas. Sic. 

114 



Hook, J., Gti Xea BdmJ Sircci— llanufacture 
Ljidies' riding boots. The Wellington, with 



fore 



lart and tiiruover heel, and chased sjiui 
'ntent elastic boots, with spurs nn<l box. 
Klorocco boots, with high Htitcliiil heels. 
Dress boots aud shoes, in liice, silk stoL-king, and plnin 
Atin, black and white, crossed with ribbon. 

Costume boots, blue satin Hungiman boots, with 
lilver heels and trimuiings. ^Vhite and black satin aud 
silk boots, high heels. 

Walking boots and shoes, waterproof, with inside and 
outfllde clumped, aud cork soles. 

Custuuie shoes, the old Kiiglisb, Swiss, Greek, Turkish, 
1(1 Italian, with heels, gold and silver trimmings. 
Dressing slipjier, plain and embroidered, with and 
without heels, welted and turnovcra. 

Drews goloshes, blaclt and bronzed, silvered and gilt. 
Waiting cloga in leather and Indian-rubber, with im- 
prove 



524 



Class 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Abbab G. H. I. J. 10 TO 14. 



[Unitkd 



115 Berraix, W., & Son, 60 and 61 Marylebone Lant — 

Manufacturers. 

Top boots for racing. Wellington boots. Ladies' boots. 
Chil(&en's boots for weak ankles. 

Boot fronts from skins imported in a roiiffh state. 

Samples of bark tanned soles from Englisn and foreign 
hides. 

116 Parkeb, W., & Sons, Wood Street, Northampton— 

Manufacturere. 
Boots and shoes. 

117 Llotd, J. P., Northampton — Manufacturer. 
Boots and shoes. 

118 Bearn & Jeffs, Parade, Northampton — 

Manufacturers. 
Boots and shoes. 

[The boot and shoe trade of the coimty of Northampton 
employs not fewer than 30,000 persons. The raw mate- 
rial, after passing through several processes, is received 
by the boot and shoe manufacturers. The leather is 
then cut up into proper sizes, is given out to the work- 
people to be blocked at their homes. After this is done 
the work is then closed, and afterwards made up. These 
operations are carried on principally at the homes of the 
workpeople. A very lai^ number of children are em- 
ployed in this department of trade.] 

119 Moore, G., iVortAamp^on — Manufacturer. 
Boots and shoes. 



120 Line, Wm. & John, Daveniry, Northamptonshii 

Manufacturers and Piroprietors. 
Wellington, Clarence, cloth, leather leg, button, buck- 
skin, dress, best stout calf, and other boots of diifferent 
qualities. Calf walking, tie, and other shoes. 

121 Gboom, J. & R., Northampton — Manufacturers. 
Policemen's boots and shoes. Long and short water- 
proof boots; regulation army Blucher boots. 

122 Graham, J., 109 Nay lor St,, Oldham Eoad, Manchester, 
Pair of clogs. 

124 HoTCHiNOS, John, 20 Green Street, Bath, Somerset 

— Inventor & Manufacturer. 

Ladies' kid-leather double sole boot, with noiseless 
rotary heel, and fastened with elastic shank buttons. 

Ladies' elastic double sole boot, with noiseless military 
heel; ladies' single sole boot, and elastic half -dress shoe. 

Gentlemen's dress boot, and elastic half-dress ankle 
boot, with noiseless military heel. Elastic walking boot, 
suitable for feet troubled with corns and bunions; and 
boot with noiseless rotary heel. 

125 LoMAS & Eves, 155 Moor Street, Birmingham. 
Improved boot-trees and stretchers. 

127 Ramsbottom, E., Merton, Surrey — Inventor. 

Improved clog. The sole does not bend, but the inside 
of the clog is moulded to the shape of the foot. 

128 RoBARTS, G., Tavistock, Devon — Inventor. 
Patent clog, having a fixed instep strap, and so con- 
structed that, b^ means of a drop connected with a 
lever and spring, it can be put on and ofif without stooping 
or touching it with the hands. 

130 Thompson, S., Blackburn — Manufacturer. 
Clogs, as worn by the operatives of Lancashire and 

Torkshke; the same miprovedby the introduction of steel- 
springs into the soles, so as to give elasticity to the tread. 

131 Atloff, Jjban G., 69 Ne-c Bond -S'/re^i— Inventor. 
Boots, shoes, and clogs, with side spring. 

Dress boots, with steel spring waist. 
MiUtary boots, &c. 



132 Wallace, T., Brandling Place, Newcattle-upon-Tyne 

— Inventor. 
Improved boots for children having weak ankles and 



133 Henson, W. G., Kettering, NoHhamphmakirt. 
Morocco boot, designed without blocking. 

134 Pettitt, G., & Son, Birmingham — ^Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of waterproof goloshes, compounded of caout- 
chouc, leather, and gutta percha. 

135 Saunders, C, ig<?a</tn^— Manufacturer. 

Red morocco leg patent goloshed vandyked button boot, 
with 40 stitches to the inch, beaded top, button holes, 
shell heel, 2| inches high, on 12 pillars, silk lined, with 
satin top-piece stitched. 

137 Athenjeum Boot &; Shoe Warehouse Norwich 

— ^Producer. 
Boots and shoes. 



139 Mather, J., Bochdale, Lancathire — ^Maker. 

Wellington boots, with steel -spring shanka, which im- 
prove the form, and retain the shi^je. 

141 Creak, James, Church Terrace, Wisbech — ^Inventor 

and Manufactiu^r. 
Improved waterproof button, buckle, and Bluchor 
boots. Provisionally registered. 

142 Cowling, John, Richmond^ Yorkshire — ^iHTentor 

and Manufacturer. 
Gentlemen's shooting boots, on a new prixiciple: bj 
the fastening at the side, the boots can he maae ti^ 
or easy at any moment. Waterproof to the top, and 
without gussets. 

145 Doe, William, Colchester — Manufacturer. 
Improved strong high shoes. 

146 Newman, George, 101 Qloster Lane, Brighton — 

Manufacturer. 
Wellington boot, exhibited for construction and w0ik-> 
manship. 



147 McGiBBON, John, 30 North John Street, Xw 

Manufacturer. 
Dress military boots, gold lace tongs and weltsi, with 
revolving heel. 

148 Barraclough, Samuel, Tamworth — ^Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Two pairs of dress boots, manufiBhctured of materiili, 
to render them impervious to water. 

149 Allen, Charles, & Son, Treffgame Bocks, 

Pembroke, Wales — Manuracturers. 
Gentleman's shooting boot, on an improved pleOy mo*- 
ranted waterproof. 

150 Hefpord, John N., 2>er6y— Proprietor. 
Facer, F. & W., Northampton — Manufacturera. 

Dress Wellington boots, with emblmns inserted OD 
crown and cushion, Rose, Shamrock, and Thistle, te.t 
and ornamentally-finished top, S3 stitches in the inch. 

Patent-leather top boots, with emblem worked in thB 
tongue; crown, and cushion. 

Black satin dress Wellington boots, with patent-leather 
toe, cap, and back-strap. 

Satin dress boots, with elastic side springs. 

Dress patent-leather pumps. 

Dress shoes, without seam or stitch in either topi or 
bottoms. 

151 Hudson, A., Cranbrook — ManufiMsturer. 
Pair of top-boots, with seamless 1^ and tops. 



] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



525 



Weight, Richard, Richmond, Yorkshire — 
Mannfactiirer. 
mi boots and aho6s, free from seam or roughness 
the sole of the foot. The sole is not dependent on 
, or narrow slip of leather, but is attached to the 
leather. 

VnccENT, R., Gkutonbwrtf — Manufacturer. 
of leather clothes, to imitate superfine black cloth. 



i^AMK, Benjamin, 57 Lowther Street, Whiteh<wen — 

Improver and Manufacturer. 
ifls* Cumberland boot clogs. 



Geo., South Bridge, Edinburgh — ^Designer 
and Manufactm^r. 
roT«d Balmoral shooting boots, impervious to water. 
iland brogues. Specimens of the shoes worn with 
1 Highland costume in ball or drawing room. 



AXTEB, Richard, Thvrsk, Torkshu'e — Inventor and 

Manu&cturer. 
of walking boots, with clogs and springs attached, 
ein walking. 

of skating boots, with spring attached to the wrist 
foot, and the skate-iron working with a pivot at 
sL 

Pknx>w, William, Browning Street, Stafford — 

Manufacturer. 
etf whit« satin, ottoman silk, green shot, goloshed, 
button gaiter (new design). Elastic gusset, having 
i aeam. Fawn-coloured lasting side lace and cash- 
oots, Ac. 

died boots; in a new style. 
ot carriage tie boots. 

I, kid, velvet, and morocco morning slippers. 
elastic cloth and button shoes; of new design. 



Dodge, W., Sherhowne, Dorset — Manufacturer. 
ir of hunting boots. 



Medwin & Co., 86 Regoit Street — Manufacturer. 
stered elastic boots. Klastic side, dress, and other 
Top-boots for racing, weight of each boot 2} 
, or under 5^ ounces the pair. 



Hall, J. Sparkes, 308 Regent Street — 
Manufacturer, 
mt, British, and Roman shoes and sandals. Anglo- 
ihoes and boots of the 7th century. Norman half 
jf Robert (the Conqueror's eldest son). Decorated 
>f the nth centurv. Richard Coeur de Lion's 
Norman shoes, with long pointed toes and chains. 
>otnt6d shoes, worn by Richard, constable of 
•, in the reign of Stephen. King John's boots, 
ieoorated with circles. Henry the Third's boots, 
from his tomb in Westminster Abbey. St. 
Ts shoes, rights and lefts. Elegant shoes of the 
f Edward I. Shoes with blue, red, and white 
ga. Shoe of the time of Richard II. Boot of the 
f Edward III. Shoes of Henry VIII. and the 
' Surrey, with ydde toes. Boots of the time of 

I. and II. Boots and high -quartered shoes, 
1 and Mary. Shoes during the reigns of George 
and III. The Duchess of York's shoe, 6| inches 

ic shoe soles, cut by machinery. 

ic gaiters, &c. 

uxijBed India-rubber goloshes. 



Hall & Co., Wellington Street, Strand— 
Patentees and Manufacturers. 
I and shoes made of leather-cloth, or pannus- 
They are cleaned with ordinary blacking. 



165 Lewen, Richard George, 22 Portman Place, 
Edgware Road — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Mechanical lasts, made from models taken from nature. 
A cast of the foot is taken in plaster, and from this the 
shape is reproduced in wood, by machinery. 

166 Hartley, Joshua, 11 King Street, St, Jameses Square 

— Jdianufacturer. 
Top-boots, of English leather; boot polish. 

168 Godfrey & Hancock, 3 Conduit Street, Regent St,-^ 

Inventors and Manufacturers. 
New ladies' house and walking boot. 
Satin, kid, and prunella shoes. 
Waterproof over-shoes and extensible goloshes, &c. 

169 Cant, G. W., 69 High Holbom — ^Manufacturer. 
Patent boot-tree for bootmakers' use. 



170 Ma>owALL, W., 11 MUk Buildings, Knightsbridge. 
Ankle-supporting boots for ladies and children with 

weak ankles, and is also applicable to gentlemen's boots. 
Provisionally registered. 

171 DESMOrrD, Michiel — Manufacturer. 

Pair of dt*ess x>atent-leather gentleman's boots; square 
edge; forepart, 40 stitches to the inch; sole and welt 
thickness of a sixpence ; channel waist ; and inch and a 
half heel. 



173 QuNDRY, William, 1 Soho iS^T«ir«— Manufacturer. 
Ladies' and children's boots and shoes, including speci- 
mens in different colours, and shapes of the " soccopedes 
elasticus." 

Boots made of elastic silk, but without the sida 
gussets. Cork soled boots, made with Dowie's patent 
elastic waistpiecas. 

174 Marsh, F., 148 Oxford /Srfr<?tf<— Manufacturer. 
Assortment of ladies' and children's boots and shoes. 



176 Goodeve, George, 16 John Street, Crutched Friars — 

Designer and Inventor. 
A pair of top boots, for horse racing; weight, Soimces; 
made in four hours. 



177 GupPY, John William, 2 Prince's Court, Dorset 

Place, Pall Mall East — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' cloth button boots, stitched welts and patent 
leather, goloshed. 

178 Winter, C, iVonricA — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' boots and shoes, with embellished soles. 



179 Gilbert & Co., Old Bond *S'^ree^— Manufacturer. 

Jockey, hunting, Holdemess, shooting, and dress boots. 
Lady's riding boots. Elastic hunting boots, with elastic 
gores at the bend of the knee, fitting without wrinkles 
in any position of the leg, and equally adapted for walking 
or riding. Registered. 



180 



Dowie, James, Ab^y Strand — Inventor, 
Patentee, and Manufacturer. 
Boots and shoes, in adult and smaller sizes. Military 
boots. 

Model of a machine to relieve the boot and shoemaker 
from the usual constrained posture. 



181 Taylor & Bowley, 53 Charing Cross, and 25 
Spring Gardens — Manufacturers. 
Boots and shoes, made with the patent elastic waists, 
formed of India-rubber and prepared leather, admitting 
of the natural action of the feet, and giving ease to the 
wearer. Exhibited for durability and economy. The 
application of this principle is represented in the cut on 
the next page. 



526 



Class 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Areab G. H. L J. 10 TO 14. 



^United 



By this plan thick soles are freed from rigidity ; and 
persons accustomed to wear thin soled shoes, mar use with 
advantage the stouter kinds made on this principle. The 
soles are made with gutta percha, cork, or leather. Having 
layers of felted hair worked between the soles, unpleasant 
creaking is avoided, and elasticity and warmth imparted. 





Mean. TVylor and Bowley'a P&teut EUktic Waiit Boots. 
(179, 180, 181, Main Avewie, West), 

182 Hall, R., 97a Quadrcmt, Regent Street — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Boots and shoes of elastic enamelled cloth, for tender 
feet. 

India-rubber goloshes and fishing-boots. 

182a Dodson, J., 79 Chiswell Street — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' and gentlemen's boots, shoes, and slippers. 

183 Gatbs, Thomas Frederick, 5 Upper Eaton Street, 

Pimiiao — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Wigs, showing a transparent parting, free from ''roots" 
or short hair, and other improvements. 

». 

184 Hodges, T., 316 Oxford Street— ManuSacturer, 
Self-adjusting shoe, in ordinan^ leather enamel, and 

in buckskin, showing the effect of a composition for fill- 
ing up and waterproofing the surface, and its suscepti- 
bility of receiving a polish. 

Plan for removing the appearance of bunions. 

Boots in illustration of the self-adjusting principle. 



186 Pattison, Kdward, 74 Ox/orJ 5/rtfe/ — 

Manufacturer. 
Ladies' boots and shoes. 



188 Babkek, Wm. George, 18 Old Cavendish Street— 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Pair of gentleman's Oxonian shoes, closed by an invi- 
sible elastic fastening. Registered pair for a lady. 

189 Bird, William, 86 Oxford Street— Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Ladies* elastic boots, without any gusset at the sides. 
Registered boots without any seam up the front. 

190 WiLDSMiTH, Matthew, 1 Sherrard Street, Golden Sq. 

— Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Flexible Wellington boots, with springs at the sides. 



191 Clarke, EIdward Wm., 12 Southampton Row, 
Bloomsbury — Manufacturer and Inventor. 
Boots and shoes of various kinds and styles. Casts and 
lasts for deformed feet, &c. 



192 HicxsoN & Sons, 20 West Smithfield— 
Manufacturers or Designers. 

Boots and shoes, of vaiious qualities and forms, includ- 
ing specimens with elastic fronts and sides, gutta percha 
and cork soles. 

Specimens of the various kinds of boots and shoes, sup- 
plied for the use of the British army and navy, the police, 
and the public institutions. 

Specimens of winter boots and shoes, made of patent 
macKine-felt. 

Samples of the material employed in the manufacture. 



194 Hubert, Charles, 292 Regent St. — Manufacturer. 

Wellington, top, elastic, registeredy and other boots 
and shoes. 

A boot and shoe made from a single piece of leather. 



195 Heath, Stephen H., 38 PwUtry, and M St. MaHin^t- 

le-Grand — Designer. 

Boots and shoes of soft leather. 

Patent waterproof and other leather boots and shoes, 
for dress or walking. 

Boots and shoes of ordinary calf-skin. 



196 Crow, Thomas, 3 Maidenhead Court, CripplegaU — 
Designer, Manufacturer, and Proprietor. 

A patent leather boot, with shell heel, satin waist, and 
square edge ; the heel, two inches high, is composed of 
fifty lifts, worked in the style of a shell, the subetanoe of 
each being one-eighth of an inch. 

Pair of full-dress boots. 



197 Peal, Nathaniel, 11 Duke Street, Grosvenor Square 

— Manufacturer. 
Half-leg himting boots, and whole-leg hunting or fish- 
ing boots, of waterproof leather. 



198 Cremer, George, k Co., Old Kent Road — 
Manufacturers and Inventors. 
Registered Wellington boots, made on a new principle; 
one exhibited in a complete state, and the other in the 
coiuve of manufacture. 



199 RoBOTHAM, Samctel, 28 Newton Street, Birmingham-^ 

Manufacturer. 
Clogs, made of gutta percha^ leather, and wood, with 
patent fastening. 

200 Brotchie, Richard, 3 Oxendon Street, Haymarkd 

— Inventor and Proprietor. 
Patent vulcanized plate for boots and shoes, to resist 
wet or damp. 

Six pairs of boots and shoes with vulcanized soles. 



201 Norman, Samitel Wills, 4 Oakley Street, 
Westminster R<Mid — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
I^Adies' cork and leather boots, waterproof, and light 
Ladies' shoe; the heel of which will retain its polish. 



202 HoBY, George, 48 St, James's Street— 

Manufacturer. 
Napoleon boots, made of waterproof leather. Topbooti, 
Wellington boots, and Oxford shoes, of the Bamemateml. 
Specimens of the leather, unmanufactured. Compositiott 
with which the articles are cleaned. 



203 ScHALLER, J., 19 Charles Street, Middlesex ffospitd 
— Inventor and Manufacturer. 
New water-proof boots and shoes and overshoes. ClQg>i 
elastic gaiters, boots, &o. 



204 RiDLEV, J., St. PauCs Churchyard— JSasmiM^nxes. 
Ladies' boots and shoes. 



205 WiLBHiN, S. B., 86 Albany Road, CambertDeU^ 

Manufacturer. 
Skating-boots on a new principle. 



206 Walker, Edward, 19 WhHecroa Place, WbonSt,, 
Finsbttry — ^Designer and Mano&oturer. 
Registered ladies' elastic Victoria riding and walkiag 
boot. 



207 Walsh, William, 9 Clipstone Street, PoHkmd Bo&i 
— ^Manufacturer and Designer. 
A pair of shoes. 



OM.] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



527 



TAMLKt, C, 238 High Street, Borough — Inventor. 

»1 of a thoe^ composed of black ebony, with gold 
and studa, placed on a stand made of king-wood, 
nng 74 pieces. A specimen of workmanship for 



iaLTEB, Gbobob, 46 WindstM- Street, Islington — 

Inventor and Manufi&cturer. 
of new-invented cork boots, waterproof in the 
ndroendently of the cork, and waterproof roimd 
M of the upper to the extent of one inch, so as to 
entilation. The cork inside is imcovered, and so 
icted as not to be displaced by wearing. Adapted 
m' riding and walking boots. 



PoiXKTT, Thomas, Earrs Court, Kensington — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Ingion boots, with revolving leather heel ; ladies' 
irith revolving brass heel; three model revolving 



Thomas & Son, 36 St. Jameses Street — 
Manufacturers, 
boot, regulation for the Household cavalry. Stout 
^ racing, Wellington, laced shooting, silk stocking 
hwmisn, button, and other boots. 
land brogues. Model pump. Regulation steel and 

ITS. 



G0BOO9, Edwin, 6a Princes Street, Leicester 

Square — ^Inventor and Manufacturer, 
r dump-sole boots, with pegged waist. 



Mitchell, Frederick, 8 Cartwright Street, 

RoycU Mint — Maker and Proprietor. 
»* cork sole boots, made of royal purple silk velvet, 
lered with rose, shamrock, and thistle, and the 
I laurel. 

^URRIE, jAMirs, 3 Panton Street, I/agmarket — 

Inventor and Manufacturer, 
oved waterproof boots. 



AUULNER, Oliver, 30 Wigtruwe Street, Cavetuiish 

&]U€ire — Inventor and Maker. 
of waterproof fishing or shooting boots. 



Bridges, Charles H., 57 Charlotte Street, 
Portland Place — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
(t«red rotary heel for boota and shoes, made either 
ler or wood, completely detacheii from the boot or 
When the leather or wood is worn away, it can be 
i with very little trouble and expense, while the 
:: part will last for a considerable period. 

Beckett, George, 41 Fenchurch Street — 

Manufacturer. 
>us boots. 



ANGDALE, Henry, 57 Mount Street, Grosvcnor 

S'lwire — Manufacturer, 
tren'a boots and shoes, in various forms and 
Is; the binding or needlework by Ann and Helen 
le. Side-button boots stiffened roimd the ankles. 



Robert, A., 123 Regent Street — Manufacturer. 



Gbctkdt, Thomas, 44 St. Martin's Lane, 
and 133 Leadend^iU Street. 
I made of leather prepared by a new process, 
coders them soft and pliable, having a fine polish, 
[uiring no blacking. 

COTT, S. T., 1 Union Street, Southfrark — Inventor. 

>us registered adjusting lasts, with metallic slides 
veable toes. 



16.] 



230 Garner, David, 41 Finsbury Market — 
Manufacturer and Designer. 

Portable boot-trees of one leg only, comprising the 
means of treeing five different kinds of boots and shoes ; 
containing also a set of blacking-brushes, blacking, boot- 
hooks, powder-box, &c. 

Boot-lasts, adapted for diseases of feet, bunions, &c. 

Wellington boot lasts. Boot and shoe lasts. 

235 Geary, Nicholas, 61 St. Jame^s Street — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Improved jack boots. 

Regimental gloves, intended to show an improvement 
in the gauntlet. 

236 Bowler, James, 2 Little Portland Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Lasts, trees, and stretchers for ladies' and gentlemen's 
boots. 

237 Smith, J., Bedford — Inventor and Patentee. 
Soccopedes elasticus. Ladies' boot. 

238 Hewlett, Anthony, 5 Burlington Arcade — 

Part Inventor. 
Busts of Her Majesty, His Royal Highness Prince 
Albert, and the Prince of Wales ; exhibited to display a 
new method of artificial hair without springs, elastics, oi 
ribbons. 

240 Bctterworth, William, & Co., 9 Great Dover 

Street, and 4 Swan Street, Southicark — Inventors 
and Manufacturers. 
The roistered Panelastic boot; obviating the unsightly 
appearance and other disadvantages of inserted gores. 

241 Marshall, C, 207 Oxford Street — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' boots and shoes. 



242 Parker, John, 35 Dame Street, Dublin — 

Manufacturer. 

Boots: — Gentlemen's enamelled leather brown top; 
patent Napoleon; cork-sole walking ; patent leather 
dre^s; and dress opera; with various others. Morocco 
leather slippers, embroidered with royal arms in gold. 

Ladies' white tabinet and black .satin spring-side boots 
and diess shoes. Button walking shoes. Kid boot^. 
Cork-sole boots. All made of Irish materials and niimu- 
facture. 

243 Webb, Edward, Worcester — Manufacturer. 

Coloured hair-cloth, and cloth composed of hair aud 
silk, for covering chaii-s, sofjis, &c. 

Horse-hair cai*pet, woven like Brussels carpet, and suit- 
able for halls, offices, churches, &c. 



244 Burgess, R., 15 & 1G Opera Arcade, Charles Street, 
St. James's — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Improved wig. New hair-brushes. Bandoline. 



245 Browne, Frederick, 47 Fenchnrch Street — 
Mauufiictiu'er and Designer. 
Ladies' and gentlemen's head-dresses of ornamental 
hair. 

240 Bouchet, C, 74a New Bond 67/^- /— Manufiicturer. 

Specimens of the new improved crochet-work in w ig 
making, on skin and on net. The mechanism on the 
moving scalp is to Hhow the difference in the apixiai-ance 
of a hciid with and without a scalp. 



247 Beck, Robert, 79 Cheapsidc — Manufacturer. 

Lady's head dress, gentleman's peruke, front herid 
dresses, piece of sti-aight hair, &c., showing the inii>ro\e- 
ments made in wig making during the jKVst ten year?;. 



248 Rossi, Louis, I'A Iiei/cnt Street — Inventor aud 

Manufacturer. 
Wigs of vaiious kintls. 



fOFFiciAL Illustrated ('ataloi;ue.] 



7 't 



528 



Class 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Abbas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



[UXITED 



249 Winter, Wilxjam, 205 Oxford Street — Inventor. 

Transparent wigs for ladies and gentlemen ; head- 
dresses, &c. 

250 Pbevost, Mark, 100 St. Martins Lane, Westminster 

— Inventor and Maker. 
A wig, from which the transverse elastic band (that 
covers the apex of the temples of the wearer) is removed, 
and circulation in the arteries preserved. The metal 
cross spring (used in open temple wigs^ to grasp the 
head is not employed. The invention consists of two 
springs placed over the temples, which expand while the 
wig is being drawn on, and collapse to hold it on perma- 
nently. 

251 Cables, H. R., 45 Neic Bond Street^ 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Large wax head, with white bald knotted wig; the 
same with knotted false-hair beard. 

A wig, knotted on strong material. 

Lady's head-dress, with transparent division. 

Bald white wig, with skin top, made with braid. 

Transparent scalp. 

Gentleman's wig, the division made of hair only; the 
Bame with transparent division. 

253 Isidore & Brandt, 217 Hegent Street — 
Inventors and Manufacturers. 
White wig, with the arms of England formed by work 
in hair. Peruke h la Marie Stuart. Powdered wig, in the 
reign of Louis XV. Lady's wig, after nature. Various 
wigs, fronts, and curls, produced by a new process. 

255 Worn, Ricbard, 17 Dawson Street, Dublin — 

Manufacturer. 
" Gossamer^' transparent Temple spring wig, with cross 
division; and with parting of crape. Weft, with akin 
parting, to avoid contraction, &c. 



256 Madden & Black, Capel Street, Dublin — 

Manufacturers. 
Ladies' and gentlemen's perukes, with skin partings, 
and with transparent partings. Ladies' fronts, and a 
gentleman's peruke, with gossamer parting. Improved 
bar wig. 

257 DouoiAS, R., 34 North Avdley Street — Inventor. 
Lady's head-dress. The hair is 7 feet long, being joined 

together so as to appear of one length. 

Circular hair brushes, capable of revolving either way, 
or of being used aa an ordinary brush. 

259 Cadsse, D. a., 267 Regent Street — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' hair fronts, on transparent silk net, in various 

styles. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's perukes, on fine Malines silk 
pet, and inserted through the skin. 

Gentleman's scalp. 

260 MussA, Michel, 4 Victoria Road, Pimlico — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Improved specimens of theatrical wigs and beards. 

261 PiGOTT, Joseph, Cork — Manufacturer. 

A lady's head-dress, intended as a useful and ornamen- 
tal substitute for the natural hair; it is light and trans- 
parent, each hair being set in singly. 

262 RoBET, W. Richmond, Surrey — Inventor. 
Ladies' head-dress. 



in separately on the net, which constitutes the ground or 
frame work, and renders it transparent. 

266 Kelsey, John Turner, Lingfield, East Grmstead— 

Manufacturer. 

Crop hide of North Wales runt, of the great weight of 

82 lbs., tanned ^-ith Sussex oak-bark; used for boot and 

shoe soles, and for machinery. Prepared at Batnor^s 

tan-yard, in Lingfield. The tanning occupied two years. 

[The process of tanning — that is, of the combination of 
the tannic acid of the oak bark with the gelatine of the 
hide — is generally a slow one; in the present instance 
remarkably so. New methods of hastening it forward 
have been introduced ; but it is said that the leather thus 
produced is not equal in solidity and durability to that 
obtained in the ordinary slow manner. — R. E.] 

267 DcciE, Earl, Torttmrth Court, Wotion-under-Edge, 

kmcestershire — Proprietor. 
Cart harness, for agricultural and other purposes, witii 
Vick's improved registered hames — constructed to give 
facility of draught by raising or lowering the huffing- 
tugs. The cart-saddle and collar are xnade of patent 
leather, with rollers in the tree of the cart-saddle upon 
which the back- band works freely. Made by Richard 
Vick, saddle and harness maker, Gloucester. 



269 Taylor, T., Banbury, Oxon— Inventor. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's riding-saddles, inflated with 
air. Hunting -saddles, with patent moveable paneb. 
Registered bits, various webs, &c. 



270 Oakuby, Tom, Maidstone — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
Lady's saddle, quilted all over, with fancy wool-work 
introduced. The off-side head is dispensed with, and 
lightness made an object. 



271 Saunders, Francis Woolhodse, Thame, Oxoi^— 

Manufacturer. 
A four-horse cart harness, for agricultural and general 
purposes ; the blinkers made with plates, similar to carriage 
harness, preventing any injury to the eyes. 

272 Blowers, William Randall, High Street, Maldxm, 

Essex — Manu facturer . 
Vaiiety of harness for draught horses. 



273 Cowan, Lachlan, Barrhead, New Paisley — 

Producer. 
Set of cart harness. 



264 Tyzack, W. v., Norwich — Manufacturer. 

Specimens of false hair, which show the skin of the 
head between every hair. 

265 O'Leary, John, 53 South Mall, Cork, Irelawl — 

Manufacturer. 
Improved gentleman's wig, each hair has been worked 



275 Cox, Thomas, Buff Coat Lane, Norwich— 
Designer and Manufacturer. 
Pony harness, woven from flax grown in Norfolk. 
Fancy baskets, woven from the same materials. 

277 Charge, Robert, Horse Market, Darlington, 

Durlutm — Manufacturer. 
Saddle, adapted for riding or hunting, light in wei^ti 
and new in style. 

278 Dax, Richard, High Street, Wels/ipool, North Tfoto 

— Inventor. 
Harness and riding bridles, ^dth noseband horse-stopper 
attached. 

279 Pollock, James, 151 Stockurell Street, Glasgow 

— Manufacturer. 
Complete set of Scotch horae harness, including the 
various articles that a horse requires when in yoke. 

283 Cozens & Greatrex, Walsall — Manufacturer. 

Tanned and curried leather for bridles and reins; and 
for stin-up leathers. 

Cun'ied hog-skins for siuldles. Seal -skins for saddle- 
welts. 



M.J 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Akeas G. H. I. J. 10 TO 14. 



529 



Jajjdaix a Dicks, 21 Greek Street, Soho — 

Manufacturers, 
for oil leather, in raw state and in various stages 
&tcture. Buck, doe, calf, sheep, and Iamb skins, 
; with specimens in breeches, gloves, braces, and 
te hammers. 



IXMAN, R. W. & J., 17 Greek Street, Sohi 

Manufacturers . 
Hens of oil leather in various stages of dressing, 
:k, doe, fawn, buffalo, calf, sheep, and Iamb skins. 

;>roce8s of oil or chamois leather dressing, as prac. 
England, consists in beating iish oil into the pores 
idn, and afterwards partially drying or oxygenating 
When the skin is perfjBctly saturated by the re- 
process of hanmiering in the mill, and partial 
it is allowed to become hot by natural fermenta- 
d then, by washing in strong alkali, becomes the 
jid most pliable of all kinds of leather.] 



JSTLEa &. Palmer, Grange Road, Bermondsey — 

Manufacturers . 
ined border, bag, horse, and split hides. Black, 
blue, drab, maroon, crimson, and brown ena- 
hides. The border hide is manufactured from 
e of an ox, being (as far as practicable) left the 
hickne»}; the other hides (with the exception of 
le) are the same description of hide, split by ma- 
any required thickness ; thus making two, whereas 
jT the hide had to be shaved to the proper thick- 
manual labour. 

japanned split hide shows the flesh side curried 
umed for coach purposes. 



CTL80N, RoBT. B., 9 Ifampsteod St., Fitzroy Square 

— Inventor, 
mode of cleaning and restoring worn and decayed 
:> leather, for upholstery purposes, coach linings, &c. 



GroRGE, Joseph, 81 Dean Street, So?u) — 

Manufiicturer. 
ind |>ainted leather, capable of being made of any 
nd length, for the hangings of rooms, screens, &c. 
»u-«» specimens of ornamental leather, borderings 
e-t^^pa, edges of book-shelves, covering furniture, 

i«ssed and gilt leather, of different lengths, for 
Uj'ings of rooms, sci*eeu8, &c., in everj^ ViU'iety of 



)ixoN & Whiting, Manniwj Street, Bcniiondsey — 

Mauufiieturers. 
>lej« of enamelled, japanned, and coloured hides; 
which is one of the largest hide splits, curried; 
o a hide split into three, the gi~aitt enamelled, and 
) .*plit!* jjiiKmneii. 

machine by which a skin is split into two or three 

IS L» of beautiful and ingenious construction. It 

r«isentially of two gi'oovcd rollei-s, which seize the 

id i)re:<ent it to the edge of a i-apidly-mov-ing hori- 

knife, by wliich it is speedily split into halves. 

iative thickness of the halves can be adjusted by 
rw jj. J 

BoLTaiiEB, Mortimer, & Co., Bermondsey — 

Proprietors and Le<ither Factors. 
=*, leather, and tanning materials. 



BosBARD, .Jons, 7 Cfiwrh Street, Rxssell Street, 

Bcrnvmd^cy — Manufacturer. 
^h calf skins, tanned and di-essed (Paris and Bor- 
fa^hion), with oak bark and other English ingi-e- 

fronts from similar skins, blocked and finished. 



297 Tombs, E., Thehertm Street, Islington — Producer. 
English calf skin. 



298 Branscombe, S., Liverpool — Manufacturer. 

Tanned buffalo hides, imported into London in a salted 
state from the Cape of Good Hope, in 1847, and tanned 
at Lynn, in Cheshire. 

299 Heintze, L., 1 School Lane, Liverpool — Importer. 

Black japanned calf-skins, tanned and prepared by 
Heintze and Freudenberg, Weinheim, near Mannheim, 
on the Rhine. 

300 Brown, A., Milsom Street, Bath — Inventor. 
Peruke, manufactured without stitching. 



301 



Hudson's Bay Company — Producers. 

(Main Acenue West.^ 

Specimens of skins from the Arctic Regions, belonging 

to the Hudson's Bay Company, selected for the Exhibition 

from their importation of 1851 ; prepared and arranged by 

the exhibitors, from No. 1 to No. 27. 

[The immense tracts of country over which the Hudson's 
Bay Company has control may be considered as vast 
hunting-groimds, affording a varied and exhaustless sup- 
ply of furs. The territorial possessions of this Company 
cover nearly one-eighth of the habitable globe. Russia 
is next in order and importance in this respect, but with 
a different race of animals. The fur produce of North 
America and the Canadas is also important. As we ap- 
proach the tropics and the warmer regions, the silky 
fur with which the animals are clothed in the northern 
climes disappears, and fin* of a totally different character 
is met with, which, although splendid in appearance, is 
not adapted for warmth or general use. 

Table of Imports and Exports. 



Racoon . 

Heaver . . 

Chinchilla 

Bear . . . 

Fisher . . 

Fox red . 
„ cross. 
,, silver 
,. white 



,. grey. . 
Lynx . . 

Martin . , . 

Mink . . . 

Musquash . 

Otter. . . . 

Fur seal . . 

Wolf. . . . 



Total 

Importation 

into 

England. 



Exported. 



525,000 

60,000 

85,000 

9,500 

11,000 

60,000 

4 , 5(10 

1,000 

1,500 

20,000 

55,000 

120,000 

245,000 

1,000,000 

17,500 

15,000 

15,000 



523,000 

12,000 

30,000 

f.OOQ 

11,000 

50,000 

4,500 

1,000 

500 

18,000 

50.000 

13,0C0 

75,000 

150,000 

17,500 

12,500 

15,000 



Ck>nsuraed 

in 
England. 



None. 

48,000 

65,000 
1,50U 

None. 

None. 

None. 

None. 

1,000 

2,000 

5,000 

105,000 

170,000 

850,000 

None.' 
2,500 

None. 



European Furs. 



Martin, Stone, and Baum . . 

Squirrel 

Fitch 

Kolinnki 

Ermine. ......... 



Imported. 



1:20,000 

2,271,2/)8 

65,0i)l 

53,410 

137,104 



Exported. 



5,000 

77,;go 

28,276 
200 
None. 



Consumed 

in 

England. 



115.100 

2,194,0'.>S 

3(^.815 

53,210 

H7,104 



—J. A. N.] 

1. Group of black and silver foxes (Vtil2ns fulv is, var. 
Anjeiitatus). 

2. Group of foxes ( Vtilpt.sfulris, var. I)ecuss<itftii). 
.'3. Group of red aud silver foxes ( VHlptsfukia). 

4. ,, white ,, ( l'///^/i6 hvpynus). 

5. ,, kitt ,, ( \'ulj>is velox). 

[The black and silver fox is the most valuable of his 
tribe : they are generally purchaBed for the Kus^ian aud 

2 T 2 



630 



CLAB8 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Areas O. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



[Chitid 



Chineao markets, being highly prized in these countries. 
The cross and red fox are used by the Chinese, Greeks, 
Persians, &c., for cloak-linings and for trimming dresses. 
The white and blue fox is used in this and other coun- 
tries for ladies' wear. In the sumptuary laws passed in 
the reign of Henry HI., the fox is named with other fiirs 
then in use. — J. A..N.] 

6. Group of otter (Lutra Canadensis), 

[The Hudson's Bay North American and European 
otters are cliiefly exported for the use of the Russians, 
Chinese, Greeks, and others, for cape, collars, trimming 
national dresses, robes, &c. Upwards of 500 otters, the 
produce of Great Britain, during the last year, were ex- 
ported. — J. A. N.] 

7. Group of beaver {Castor Americanus), 

[The beaver in former years was one of the Hudson's 
Bay Company's most valuable productions; but since its 
use has been almost entirely discontinued in the manu- 
fitcture of hats, it has lost much of its value. Experiments 
have, however, been made, and with prospect of success, 
to adapt its fine and silky wool to weaving purposes. 
The skin of the beaver is prepared by a new process, after 
which the surface is cut by a new and ingenious machine, 
and the result is a beautiful fur for ladies' wear. It is 
exported in its prepared state to various parts of Europe 
and the Elast. The rich white wool from the under part 
of the beaver is largely exported to France. — J. A. N.] 

8. Group of lynx (Feiis Canadensis). 

9. „ lynx cat {Feiis Rufa). 

[Both the above furs, when dyed, were formerly much 
used. It is still dyed and prepared, and exported in 
large numbers for the American market. In its natural 
state, it is a greyish white, with dark spots, and is used 
by the Chinese, Greeks, Persians, and others, for cloaks, 
linings, focings, &c.: it is very soft, warm, and light. 
The fur formerly called the lucem is the lynx. — J. A. N.] 

10. Group of wolf {Canis Occidentalis), 

11. ,, ^hiev (Mustela Canadensis), 
wolverm {Oulo luscus). 



12. 



ff 



t> 



[The wolves are generally used as cloak and coat linings 
in Russia, and other cold countries; also for sleigh- 
coverings, and open travelling carriages. The other skins 
enumerated are principally used for trimmings, linings, 
&c. The tail of the fisher is very valuable, and exclusively 
used by the Jews. — J. A. N.] 

13. Group of badger ( Tkrid^a Za&rodbria). 

[The North American badger is exported for general 
wear; its soft fine fur renders it suitable for that purpose. 
The European badger, on the contrary, from the nature 
of its hair, is extensively used for Uie manufacture of 
shaving brushes. — J. A. N.] 

14. Group of martin or sable {Afustela martes), 

[The Hudson's Bay martin is consumed in large quan- 
tities in this coimtry, in France, and in Germany. The 
lining of a mantle made of black sables, with white 
spots, and presented by the Bishop of Lincoln to Henry I., 
was valued at 100/. In Henry the Eighth's reign, a 
sumptuary law confined the use of the fur of sables to the 
nobility above the rank of viscounts. — J. A. N.] 

15. Group of mink {Mustela vison), 

[The mink is exclusively the produce of the Hudson's 
Bay possessions and North America; it is consumed in 
Europe in immense numbers, principally for ladies' wear. 

r. A. N.] 



16. Ghoup of musquash, or musk-rat {Fiber sibethiaa), 

[The musquash, or large American musk-rat, is imported 
into this country in immense numbers: it was formeily 
much used in the manufacture of hats, but the introdue* 
tion of the silk hat has entirely superseded its use; and 
the fur is employed for wear after having undei^gooe pre* 
paration. — J. A. N.] 

17. Group of weenusk {Ardomift mnpetra). 

18. „ swan {Cygnus fenu), 

19. „ wMtehaie {Lepus gkusialis). 

20. „ rabbits {Lepm Ansrioamai)^ 

[The Hudson's Bay rabbit is one of the least Tiluabb 
skins imported by this Company: like all furs from th» 
Polar regions, its hair is fine, long, and ttdnkf but the 
skin is so fragile and tender that it is almost useless.- 

J.A. N.] 

21. Group of black bear ( Ursus Amenoamu). 

22. „ brown bear {Urvss, var. Amarioamts), 

23. „ grey bear ( C/r8ia/«rar). 

[The large North American black bear is technically 
termed the army bear, because it is generally used for 
military purposes in this and other countries, for oape, 
pistol-holsters, rugs, carriage hammercloths^ sl^gfa cover- 
ings, &c. The fine black cub bears are much sooj^ 
after in Russia for making shube-linings, coat-liningi 
trimmings, fiacingB, &c. The other sorts, with the Isigi 
grey bears, for sleigh-coverings and aocompanimeots, fte. 
The white Polar bear, the supply of which is very limited, 
is generally made into rugs, which are often bordered 
with the black and grey bear. The brown or XsabeOa 
bear is at the present time used for ladiesT wear in 
America. — J. A. N.] 

24. CJroup of sea-otter {Eutrydra marUima), 

[The sea-otter is most sought after by the traden^ on 
account of its great commercial value : it is said to be the 
royal fur of China, and is much used by the officen of 
state, mandarins, &c. It is in great esteem in Bnseis, 
and principally worn by gentlemen for collars, eafi, 
fiicings, trimmings, &c. On account of its great weight, 
it is rarely used by ladies. — J. A. N] 

25. Group of swan quills. 

26. „ goose quills. 

27. „ isinglass in its natural state. 

[This specimen is in its original state; by a subsequent 
process it is prepared for domestic use. — J.A. N.] 



301 A NiCHOLAT, John Ado., & Son, 82 Oxford Street- 
Collectors, Importers, Manufkcturers, &c. 

Selected from Canadian importation, with the asaistanoe 

of C. M. Lsimpson, Esq. 

{Main Avemia, Wesi,) 

28. Group of racoon {Procyon lator)» 

[The finest racoon furs are produced in North America, 
and are imported into this country in immense nomben. 
They are purchased here by the merchants who attend 
the periodical fur sales, and who dispose of lai^ quaotitisi 
at the great fair at Leipsic : they are principally used in 
Russia, and throughout Germany, for lining diubes and 
coats, and are exclusively confined to gentlemen's wear. 
The dark skins are the choicest, and are very valuable.] 

29. Group of cat lynx {Feiis Rufa)* 

30. Group of mink {Mustela vison). 

31. Group of grey fox ( Vt^ptii Virginianus), 

[The Virginian, or North American grey foz^ is the 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR, 
AbbabG. H. I.J. 10 TO 14. 



produea oi Uw CuMdu, Newfoundluid, I^brador, Itc. 

uda ■ipnsoDt tDachnmd for Dpen-carruce wrappers.] 

Enonuf Ftnc, (elected bj the exhibiton, 

12. Group of Raiaun nbla (itarta tSieUiaa). 

{nie RiuBun or Siberiu uble is one of tlia moat coitt^ 

fun, toA U nuumfkctured into liningi, which am gene 

nllf used *■ pnamta by great poteDtat«a, being of tht- 

nine of 1000 giiintiBa and opwardn. The Lord Mayor. 

Aldanom, and Shaiifb, &c., of the dt; of Locdoa, hare 

tbor robea and gowni furred with this (able accord- 

Of to their napeetiTe ranka. The tail of the labie it 

aba oaed in the manufacture of artiBta' pencils or brushes. 

KoHa prodaoea about 25,000 of theae valuable and 

■toonad akini annually.] 

33. Oronp of atone martin {Marta albogiidarit). 

[The stone martin is widel; apread over Europe, and 

derires ita name bom the bet of its selecting rocks. 

nuDBd eaatles, tto., as ita haonta. The French excel in 

djiog thia for, and it is in consequence termed French 

Mbte.] 

H. Oronp of baum martin (JfoHefofttsluiit). 

fn» baiun or wood martin is so named from its being 

tmariably foond in woods and pine foraats in Europe. 

Ae fur in its natural itate is simiLar to the North 

American aible, but coaner. It is distinguished by thr 

M^t yellow colour of ita throat; when dyed, the fur 

doady memblea the real aable.] 

35. Qnnp of ermine {Mtuttta ermrMa). 

[The ermine is produced in moat countries ; but the beat 

■ from Kuasisi, Sweden, and Norway, and ia killed ii: 

■inter when the fur ia pure white (except the tail, 

■ith ita jet black tip), it being st that aeuon in its greatest 

perfection: in aununer and spring it ia grey and of littlr 

or DO lalue. It is the weasel of more southern climcH. 

The ermine is the royal fur of Rusaia, Germany, Spain, 

Portugal, Italy, &c. In England, at the coronation 

of the Sovereign, the minever, as the ermine ia atyled ii 

henldic Language, is U8«d, being powdered, that ia 

Rndded with black spots ^ the apotA or powdered haia 

OB till minerer capea of the peers and peeresses bei 

"It. and the number of rows or hoiB denoting their 

'wioiia degree* of rank. The aovereign alone and th( 

tiliHid nival having the minever of the coronatiou robee 

p™dered all over, a black spot being inserted in about 

"m sqtiare inch of the fur, crimaon velvet being used 

"n tliit occasion. The crown is also adorned with a 

twd of minaver, oith a single row of spotii ; the coronets 

"I tti( peers and peeresses having a aimilnr arrangement. 

T^ black spots are made of the black Astracan Iamb. 

'h Hit* occasions, in the House of LonU, the Peers 

'" UTiyed in their robes of state, of scarlet cloth and 

fid 1m», with bars or rows of pure minever, more or 

im iccording to their dsf^reea of rank; the sovereign 

>1mi* w«aiTng the royal minever, powdered all over. 

'l»Jiidg««in their robes of office are clad in scarlet and 

pot mnine. The ermine, with the tiul of the animal 

liifrled therein, is used ao articles of dress for ladies, 

I" (very variety of form and shape, according to the djc- 

•x*! of fashion, and also 09 cloak linings. The minever 

Qo only be worn on state occasions by thoso who, by their 

nA, tn entitled to ita use ; but as an article of faahion 

'■■r ladies' wear there is no prohibition in foree. In the 

"ign of Edward the Third, furs of ermine were strictly 

Mtuiden to be worn by any but the royal family, and 

iu general use is prohibited in Austria at the prewnt 



time. Ia mercantile transactions, ermine is always sold 
by tne timber, which consists of 40 aklna. The miniver 
fur of a former era wos the white belly of the grey 
squirrel.] 

36. Group of kolinBki(JfiatB/aSt6en*Cfll. 

[The kolinski or Tartar sable Is procured from Russia, 
belongs to the weasel tribe, and is in colour a bright 
yellow; it is much used in its natural state, and also 
dyed to imitate the cheaper soblea.] 

37. Group ofgquirrel, black fSeiunu Niger). 
3H. „ squirrel, blue (S^'unu, var. Niger). 

39. „ siiuirrel, kazan {Scivmi, vor. Oriaeua). 

40. Ditto squirrel, red {Scamu ct^an's). 

[The squirrel abounds in Ruaaia (where it is produced 
in the great«at perfection), in such immense numbers aa 
would appear almost incredible; the importation from 
thence to this country alone, last year, Bice»ding2,0O0,0O0. 
The celebrated Weisenfels lining ta made from the white 
part of the dark-blue squirrel, A full-sized cloak -lining 
weighs only 25 ounces : it is known as the petit gria. For 
colder climates the linings ore made from the bock or 
plain grey port of the squirrel, the beat having part of the 
tail le^ on each skin. Russia produces about 23,000,000 
annually.] 

41. Groupof fitch orpole-cat (/Worim/irtiJtu). 
[About 40 yeais since thia fur was more largely used 

present. It is produced in the greatest perfection 



1 thia c< 



intry.] 



42. Group of Crimea grey lamb. 

43. „ Ukraine black lamb. 

44. ,, Astracan black lamb. 
41). „ Astracan grey lamb. 
4ii. ,, Persian black lamb. 
47. ,, Pereinn grey lamb. 
4H. „ .Spanish lamb. 

4!>. ,, Hungarian lamb. 

511. „ English lamb. 

[The grey and black Russian Inmb is mostly used for 
gentlemen's cloak and coat linings, for facings, collnnt. 
capa, &c., and also for array purposes. The Astracan 
lamb ia a rich, wavy, gloaay, black iikin, very abort in the 
fur, having the appearance of beautiful watered siik : 
in order to obtain this choice skin, it is averred that 
the parent aheep ia destroyed a certain time before the 
birth of the lamb. The Persian, grey, ond black lamb, 
is covered with very minute curia; this in produced, itia 
said, by the animal being, as soon as bom, scvm up 
tightly in a leathern akin, which prevents the curl ex- 
panding. The Hungarian lamb is produced in tlist 
country in immense numbers; of it the national coat, 
called the Juhasz Buuda, is made. In the summer or 
wet weather the fur or woolly part ia worn outside; in 

oter, when warmth is required, it is reversed: the akin 

tanned or dreaaod in a way peculiar to the coiuitr>', 
and decorated and embroidered in accordance with thf 

ana and taate of the wearer. In Spain, the lamb is 

id for the well-known and chomcteriatic abort jacket of 
that country, which is odomeil with filigree silver 
buttena; the coarser kinda of both colours aro used for 
:avalr;, and is also emplnyed fur moimtiug an<l 
bordering skiua, aa leopards, tigers, &c., for ornamental 
Mid domestic purpoaes. In the reign of Richard the 
Second, the sergeant at law wore a robe furred iuwide 
with white lambakin and a cnpe of the same.] 



p of Per 
Han 



ait^^ki. 



Class 16.— LEATHER. SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 
Abbab G. H. I. J. 10 TV 14. 



[DsiTBt 



a cluak-tiniagii, wliiuh arp 

5:1. Qromi of ciilnuivd cat. 
M. ,. black cut. 
r>r>. ,, block Dutch. 
Sij. „ oluiin.'d Dutch. 

[Tite cat, when propsrly uttenilod to, oaA brmi piirpowly 
fur itH nhio, Bujipliea n taunt iwernt uiit ilunblu fur; id 
Ho)liuul it ia breil and kept ID aconfinHl iiUto till the fur 
Es iu it* gnwtoit perfection, imd a fed entiraljr on flah. 
lb other coutitriefl, and esjieciallj in omt owiit it ia pro- 
duced in large nuniboni. The wild t»t i« much larger 
and longer in the fur, Mid in mot writh in enanrive foreeta, 
particularly in Hunguy; the colour ia grej, epotted with 
block, uid its eoftneM nnd dunbiUt<r render it suit- 
bble for clonk ancl coat lininga, for which purpoae it 
ia much used. The black apeciea in hIm much in request, 
and umilorlf uaeii, and, with the spottsd and atripwl n- 
riotiaa, ia mado into wrappera for open uuriageti, Blei|;h 
DOTeringi, and nulwit; travelling.] 

ST. Group of Engl iah rabbit, ailrcr grey, (T^rpia cimi- 
enlvi); prmented bjr Her CraeetheDucheHof St. Albaiu. 

&8. Oroiip of RngliBh black rabbit (L^at var). 

.'>9. „ English wliite rabbit. 

CO. „ English grejr rabbit. 

Gl. „ Flemiih blue rabbit. 

G2. „ Polish white rabbit. 

(The Eogliah rnbbit, both in ita wild and domeatic 
Mate, abounda in euch nuuiben that the auppljr t* inex- 
haustible: it WKB fannerl; employed to make tha felt 
boilien or foundation for the beoTcr hat ; at preannt, nut 
being uaed for that purpoae, it ia dreaaod, dyed, and 
manufactured in iuunenae quantitioa. into various useful 
articles. The wool has recently been used in making 
a ]<uculiar cloth, adi^ited for lailioa' wesr. The English 
ailvar-grey rabbit was originally a breed peculiar to Lin- 
colnshire, where great attention was paid to it. WarrDns 
have ainos been fonnad in varioui porta of the country. 
It ia in great demand in China and Rnasia, to which coun- 
triea it is invahnbly eiporU<d, on account of the high 
price there obtained. The white PuliHh rabbit is a 
breed peculiar to that countrj, The finer aotta of white 
rabbit are much used as substitutes for eniiine. So 
late as the reigu of Heury the Eighth, nuch importance 
was ottjtched to the coney or rabbit akin, that the 
charter of the Btinnera' Company allows they were worn 
bynobleaandgCDtlenieii. Acta of Porlinmciit were piuised 
regulating tlieir sale and exiiortation, which arc still in 

flii. Group of European jrey haro (I.eput Uinilai). 

Son] (PAoai). 
04. Group of seal, GKOitatA, SnETUvii IsLES, Falr- 
LAND Isles, Lomab'h IsLANt>, and Cape. 

es. Qroup of plucked and prepared seal, nntunJ colour. 
64- „ plucked and prepared sea], dyed. 
RT. „ Gretnlanil and Kowfuundlond seal. 

68. „ Greenland and Nowfoundlond sea], dyed. 

69. „ spotted and silver soal. 

[The sea] ia on inhabitant of most countries; it is found 
in the high northern latitudes in Immeuse numbers; 
ahips are purposely fitted out for its ciqiture; the oil pni- 
duciid by the animal, together with ita skin, render it 
(connected aa it is with the whnle flahery) important to 
the trader, and interesting to the natumlist. The skins 
era salted and packed in casks, in which state they ore 
■ent to this country; they ara then sorted and eeteoted 



for various purposee ; those suitable for leather pan iaU 
the tonnera' hands, and make abeoutiful leather, whtcfa it 
usal for ladies' shoa. The blue back, the hair, and tb 
silver seal, are drained and used in their natntal state, 
and also dyed and exported in large quaoUtiea. Tha 
fur seal, the supply of which is always small compand 
with the other kinds, undergoes a prooesa to prepare it 
for its intended use. It is brought at the present tima 
to a great degree of perfection in this country; wbA 
divested of the long coarse hair (which protect* H m 
its native element) there remaini the rich, curly. K3kj, 
yellowish down, in which state it waa formerly used G» 
travelling caps and other purpose*. It is now seldoB 
mode use of in that state, but djed a beautiful Tandyka 
brown, giving it the appeaiance of the richeat velvet, sod 
ia manufactured, in ever; variety of shape and form. « 
articles of dnoa fur ladie^, gentlemen's and children's 



Suiil\ American. 

70. Group of cbincbilla. BuenoaAyree {CUiuASli h»<- 

71. Group of chinchilla, Anca (CAiW'Aitti t»i/mi). 
Ti, Group of bastard cbinchilla or Lima (CAufUM 

[The chinchilla iseioluaivelya South American inioul, 
and was intriHluced into this country and Fimnoe sboat 
forty yean since.] 

Fnm Me Tropid, 1e. 

73. Group o{]\mui{Frtut,v). 

14. „ roynl tigers (Frlia Hjru). 

T.'i. „ Cnpe tigers (>Wu laipanlit A/rieafa), 

7i". „ Ivifonla {t'rlii Iruii4irilia). 

77. „ panther (K/woHci). 

7». „ chrilju-. 

[In China, the mandarine cover the sent of justice witl 
the tiger. In this cuiiitry the collocation of the leopard 
uniler the officer's aaddle is a distinguishing mail, adoptod 
mo of Her Majesty's cavalry ragiments. In Auatfis, 
the small flne Ieo[ianl is worn as a mantle by Ih* 
Hungarian noblemen, who exclusively form the roysl 
linHsar body guard,] 

711. Group of wlira (A'jrms rcim). 

HO. „ aiiMiipo iAnlrlnpt ••rrotragut), 

81. „ black monkey (ru.'uA IS MTMiw). 

8'2. „ HDt-enter (Mtinncmplubjit jibala), 

Bn. ,. moose deer (Orm* u/en). 

8,1. „ AustnUian (fliayiina riMiWiins). 

Rri. „ 1ndiBngroundsquirTel(SWimup.ilm>niB). 

S7. ,, flying aquiirel {^I'urur fWriurus}. 

SH, ,, Aiigom goat {dtpra hircm). 

bi). „ dyed Angora goat, various. 

[Tlie Angora gont is produced in large nurabors in Asia 
Miuor, and is remarkable for ita long, curly, rich, whils 
ulky coat ; it was formerly a moat cuatly article of ladie' 
wear, but ia at the presont time of little \Tiluo. It i) 
dyed, and tiiken sumo of the most beautiful and brillialtt 
colours. It is mode into bueutiful ruga for drawiug' 
rooms, con-iugos, ftc] 



F.Kliibitud to illiixtmta nn entirely new method of 
preinring the bearer, nnd ndi^ting it for general oM. 
Dressed and cut by Ucesn. hen ft Son, SouUiwark. 



KnCGDOM.] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



633 



92. Group of unhaired or pulled dyed otter. 

[The pulled otter is manufactured by having the ex- 
ternal or long hair pulled or stripped off, leaving the soft, 
fine wool or down underneath; it is then dyed.] 

1*3. Group of dyed lynx, see No. 8. 

H, „ penguin {Speniscus aplenodytes). 

95. „ grebe (Podiceps cristata). 

[Hie grebe is an aquatic bird, inhabiting most of the large 
lakes in Europe. The choicest specimens are from Geneva, 
Italy, and Holland. The feathers are of rich white, 
baring the appeanmoe of polished silver, the plumage 
on the outer edge of the skin being a rich dark brown ; 
it is used by ladies, and forms a beautifid article of 
dress; and is worn as trimmings for the trains of court 
tnd drawing-room dresses, for mufib, cuffs, boas, Sec. It 
u very durable; the exquisite smoothness of the feathers 
prevents its soiling with wear.] 

96. Specimen of swan feathers. 

97. ,, gooec feathers. 
9t<. ,, eider down. 



[The bird from which the down is taken is found in 
\u^ numbers in Iceland, Norway, Sweden, &c., its 
colour is dark grey, and its elasticity, lightness, and 
reniitance to wet, are prominent amongst its other ad- 
nntages ; it is used for the inside stuffing of muffs. On 
the Continent, the well-known eider-down quilts are 
krgely used.] 

99 — 115. Suits of Russia sable ; Hudson's Bay sable ; 
«»l'letail; mink; chinchilla.; grebe; sea otter; Siberian 
n^uirrel, with tails; kolinski; minever; ermine ; moleskin ; 
oatural beaver; dyed beaver; seal; swan; goose down. 

[The down of the goose is manufactured by being sewn 
on textile fiibrics. It is a specimen of Irish industry, and 
luL< k>en patronised and Rold in EngLond extensively for 
the Ijenefit of the Iri.sh female poor, by whom it has 
K>'U iaa<le up. The price, comparod with the true swaua- 
<i.wn, li very moderate. Being sewn upon cloth, it can 
U wa8he<l.] 

IK. Suit of English silver-grey rabbit; presented by 
Ht*r (iract' the Duchess of St. Albans. 

117. Suit of black monkey. 

Hx— U«J. Fur seal pardcAsua, dyed ; paletot; paletot, 
triuiiued !«ible ; f>aletot, trimmed mink ; paletot, trimmed 
iiii:;t'ver; j^detot, trimmed gi-ebe; cloak, lined and trim- 
ii'-l ermine ; child's ermine palet<^^)t; child's seal paletot, 
tn:iinie<l minever; child's seal i>aletot, trimmed mink; 
^'Wj envelope; child's paletot ; child's jacket ; geutle- 
ni.ci-»ctjat; young gentleman's coat; waistcoat, double- 
^^Ji.»t.<l; waistcoat, Kingle-brcafited ; lady's bonnet ; gen- 
^■>-.iuai'f. stock ; lady'H hood ; gentleman's coat, natui-al 
t ' -dr; waistcoat, single-breasted, natui-al colour; waist- 
<^''t. double -brea.'^ted, natural colour. 

1^1. Tartar foal-skin, lady's pardes-sus; new design. 

^^-- ,, gentleman's coat 

^^'•' ,, waistcoat 

lU. Mink lady's panlessus. 

J4'.-U*j, Gentleman's coat, lined fur fleal; lined sable, 
^•^^-at or gill; lined genet; lined genet; lined North 
^^'ifrii-an grey fox. 

'>'. Gentleman's shube, lined racoon. 

' •!• ,, lined black bear. 

l'.'. Gentleman'.-? coat, lined and qtiilted eider down. 

!>''. Fur gloves, Lvlies' and ^entk-men's. 

1''4. Fur brK.»ts and 8h*»e.^, L'ulios' and gentlemen's. 

^'•■K Fur traveUing caps, la^lies' and gentlemen'fl. 

l'^'. Fur coverings for oj>eu ciuriages and sleigh pur- 
I'**' ^. 

I'-'A, Buffalo robes or skins. 

'The buffalo is killed in immense numbers by the North 
iriicri(;au Indians, solely fur th6 tongue, the skin, find 



f} 



)f 



the bosses; they have a peculiar method of dressing the 
skin with the brains of the animal, in which state it is 
always imported. It has of late years been much used in 
Europe.] 

157. Carriage wrappers: — North American grey fox, 
various, outside of vraterproof cloth. 

158. Carriage WTappcrs: — Black African monkey, out- 
side of watei'proof cloth. 

159. Carriage wrappers: — African antelope, outside of 
waterproof cloth. 

160. Carriage wrappers: — North American black bear, 
outside of waterproof cloth. 

161. Carriage wTappers: — Foreign and English cat^ 
various, outside of waterproof cloth. 

162. Carriage wrappers: — Silver-grey English rabbit 
skin. The skins presented bv the Duchess of St. Albans. 

163. Cloth travelling bag, lined and trimmed bear 

164. ,, lined grey fox. 

165. Fur table-covers, various. 

166. Cigar-cases, mounted in fur. 

167. Silver se^ game bag. 

168. Fancy chair, covered with silver seal. 

169. ,, covered with silver seal. 

170. ,, covered leopard. 

171. , , covered natural fur seal . 

172. Library chair, covered zebra. 

173. ,, covered zebra. 

174. North American fox foot ottomans, moimted on 
black bear. 

175. North American fox, mounted as ornamental mats, 
rugs, &c. 

176. Foot muffs, various. 

177. Cloak and coat linings, various. 

178. Ladies' needlework, mounted in fur; unique. 

179. Models of muffs, various. 

180. Rein-deer hoofs and mitts, specimen of Canadian 
Indian embroidery and fur; presented by the Marquis of 
Worcester. 

181. Eider-dowm quilt. 

182. Swan-down puffs. 

Specimens of natural history, set up to illustrate tl.'o 

various skins. 

183. Lions, furnished for the Exhibition by Mr. Meyer. 

184. Group of leopards, by Zoolo^acal Society. 

185. ,, ocelots, by Zoolo;^ical Society. 
180. Arctic wolf, by Hudson's Bay Company. 

187. Arctic blue fox, by Hudson's Bay Company. 

188. Group of beavers, by Hudson's Bay Company. 

189. ,, otters, by the Marquis of Worcester. 

190. ,, polecats, by Eiirl Nelson. 

191. ,, fox, by Maixpiis of Worcester. 

192. ,, grebes, by Mar<]ui8 of Worcester. 

193. ,, mustpiash, by Hudson's Bay Company. 

194. Gruithorhyncus, by Mr. Ellis. 

195. ,, lynx, by Hudson's Bay Company. 
19»). Javanese nmsk deer. 

197. Group of antelopes, by Zoological Soclet}'. 

198. ,, perewaitzka, by Zoological Society. 

199. ^Mlite stone martin, by Mr. George Smith. 

200. White Siberian squirrel, by Mr. George Smith. 

201. European hare and PoIju* white ditto. 

20l'. Head and fore paws of royal tiger, of great size 
and beauty. 

203. Model of Peeress, in her coronation robes of 
estate. 

204. Ladies' cloaks, lined srpiirrel lock, trimmed with 
grey Siberian S(piiiTol with tails. 

205. Lady's walkin;^' paletot, lined fur. 
200. Lady's tnivelling cloak, lined fur. 

207. Muff and boa. made of the down from the fejithers 
of the bird called the eL'ret. The coxtlv nature of the 
matenal is such, and its raiity so j^reat, that thi-ee other 
set.s only have beiii made duriiii; the last century, the 
possessors of whieh are imperial and royal pei'8ona;j;es. 
Manufactured by Mons.Itiy, of Paris, for the exhibitoi-s. 

208. Group of Russian 8;\bled. 



534 



Class 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



[Un 



209. Engliah badger, by the Karquifl of Worcester. 

210. Qroup of heads, rare specimens from Central 
Africa, by Captain Bates. 

(See Main Avenue West.) 

302 Poland, Son, & Meredith, 52 Bread Street, 

Cheapside — Designers and Manufacturers. 
Leopard hearth-rugs. 
Rugs : miniature tigress, with two cubs. 

303 SAM80N, Philip, 1 Little Knight Rider Street, 

St. PauCs Churchyard — MAnufacturer« 
Fur articles, embroidered in chenille, &c., in floral and 
figured designs. Fur collar. Fur and imitation-fur elastic 
cuffs. 

304 Meyer, S. & M., Bow Lane, City — ManufiM^turers. 
Dressed, dyed, pulled, and sheared EInglish rabbit- 
skins; riding boas, mufis, cuffs, cardinals, round boas, 
caps, and gloves. 

305 Ellis, George, 23 Fore Street — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
Boas, Tictorines, muffs, and other articles in fur and 
velvet. 

306 Drake, R., 25 Piccadilly — Manufacturer. 

Russia sable, spotted ermine, and grebe muffs. 

Pieces of the spotted ermine lining of the Queen's 
coronation robes; also of King William the Fourth's, 
and of King George the Fourth's. 

Astracan lamb's skin : the paws are used for spotting the 
ermine lining of coronation robes. 

307 Clarke, Robert, & Sons, 157 Chcapside — 

Manufacturers. 
Manufactured furs of ermine and mink; cardinals, muffs, 
boas, cuffs, and gauntlets; the same of musquash, natu- 
ral and dyed. 

308 Callow, T., 8c Son, 8 Park Lane — Inventors 

and Manufactmrers. 

Riding whips, of clarified rhinoceros hide, in various 
colours. 

Riding and driving whips, with the handle of hippo- 
potamus leather, enamelled green. 

The rhinoceros whips and the hippopotamus leather 
are stated to be invented and made by the exhibitors. 

309 Ince, J., 75 Oxford Street — ^Manufacturer. 

Royal tiger-skin rug, mounted with black bear. 

Two coronation ermine muffs, constructed upon a new 
and improved principle. One is inflated with air, which 
can be mimediately discharged, and the muff compressed 
to the most portable size, when not required for use, the 
other folded up. 

310 Lutoe & Parsons, King Edward Street — 

Manufacturers . 

Registered Princess Royal, in Russia sable, American 
sable, mink, ermine, minever, chinchilla, squirrel, and 
seal boas. 

A lai^ rug, with a very rare skin in the centre, between 
a leopi^ and tiger, surroimded bv the Royal Arms, 
H.R.H. Prince Albert's Arms, and H.R.H. Prince of 
Wales's Feathers; all worked in fiirs. 



310a Smith, George, & Sons, 10 Wat ling Street— 

Manufacturers. 

Muffs, cardinals, flat boas, riding boas, cuffs, &c., in a 
variety of furs, including Russian sable, Hudson's Bay 
and Canadian martin or sable, sable tail, Russian squir- 
rel, Siberian squirrel, chinchilla, and fitch. 

Specimens of the game, dyed. 

311 Dick, A., 35 Georges Street, Edinburgh — 

Manufacturer. 
Fur hearth-rug, worked with upwards of 2,500 pieces 
from different furs, comprising martin, sable, British 



sable, real ermine, imitation ermine, squirrel, kolii 
&c. 

312 Garner, D., 41 Finsbury Market — ^Mannfaciu] 

and Designer. 
Registered portable boot-tree, adi^ted forbutton-b 
shoes, &c., and contains brushes, blacking, boot-he 
boot-powder, &c. Boot and shoe lasts. 

313 Hidden, T., 88 London Road, Southwark^ 

Manufacturer. 
Leather buttons, with flexible shanks, on an impn 
principle, for boots, shoes, and wearing apparel. 
New leather beads of various colours. 



314 Court, J. & J., Queen Camel South, near 

Sherboume — Producers. 
Specimens of kid and lamb leather, curried. 

315 Case, Charles, 45 Wood Street, Cheapside— 

Manufacturer. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's riding whips of blade 
white twisted whalebone. 

Gentlemen's walking-sticks, of black knotted wl 
bone. 

Gig whips, knotted and plain, with silver mounting 

316 Marsden, C, Waterloo House, Kmgsland Road- 

Inventor. 
Patent ventilating boots and shoes. 



317 Leathart, Charles, 1 5 John Street, Waterloo Ro< 

Inventor. 
Liquid hair dye. The effect of the dye illustrated 1 
wig, in a case, containing four shades of hair. 



318 Taylor, T., Z)tt6/tn— Inventor. 

Specimen of soluble leather. 



319 Phipps, W. D., Cadogan House, Sloane Street 

Inventor. 

The Eupadian reg^istered elastic spring boots. 

320 Hadley, R., 72 High Street, Worcester— 

Improver and Manufficturer. 
Ladies' ornamental hair, in fronts, bands, curls, 
plaits. ^ 

321 Mantel, W., Bedford — Designer and Manufactu 
Three improved wigs, and lady's head-dress. 

322 Carr, William, 10 Hatton Wa//— Manufiacture 
Improved premier blacking. 

323 Newoome, J., Swinegate, Grantham— Inventor. 
Shoes made from a new material. 



323 A Adoock 8c Co., 3 Princes Street, Carenduth Sqwi 

Producers. 
Choice collection of dyed feathers. 

(Main Avenue West.) 

324 Nelson, J., Holloway — Inventor. 
Boots warranted to wear in the centre of the sole. 



325 Carron, W., Birmingham — Inventor. 
Patent clogs. 

326 Essex, J., 1 Charterhouse Lane, St. John Street- 

Manufacturer. 

Fancy lamb and sheep-skin wool rugs for hearths, ( 
riages, &c. 

Carriage feet muffs; and travelling and invalid vi 
boots. 

327 Allin, W. S., 1 Dorset Mews, East Baker Street 

Producer. 
Pair of boots. 



KlKGDCni.] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



535 



328 LuTOK & Co., Kmg Edward Street — Manufacturers. 

Royal boas m Runoan and American sable, mink, 
cnnine, miDfl^er, seal, and chinchilla. 

Laiipe rug with rare akin in centre, surrounded by the 
rojal and other anna. 

329 BowEB, H., Birmingham — Manufacturer. 

Meat screen saddle, or gig-pad, by which a horse's 
loins can be covered or uncovered while standing, by a 
pair of reina which lay over the dash-board. 



830 Latoock, S., & Sons, Porto Bello Place and Mill 
Sands, Sheffield — Manufacturers. 

Specimens of damask and striped hair-seating, various 
eolours; plain satin and linen warp, black, and cotton 
warp, black. 

Rusaian horse-hair, white; South American, black 

Materiala used in the manufSM^ure of hair seating. 

In these spedmena a variety of damask patterns or de- 
Bgns are introduced, by the application of the Jacquard 
Voom, and also a diversity of colours. 

[Formerly the warps for hair-seating were made exclu- 

BTely of linen yam, but of late years cotton has been 

exUosively used, chiefly for export to the United States, 

OQ aoeoont of its softness, as it produces cloth of a more 

pliable texture, and of smoother and more even surface, 

lad considered better suited to the purposes of tufting 

ttan the &bfic made from linen yam. 

Hone-hair suitable for making coloured seatings must 



be pure white; it is afterwards dyed of various colours, 
and of this there is only a limited supply. Some diffi- 
culty might consequently arise in procuring the raw 
material. 

Hair-seating is woven by hand, every hair being intro- 
duced singly. It differs in this respect from most other 
woven fabrics, in which there is a uniform and continuous 
supply of material, thereby permitting the application of 
steam-power. In hair-seating, the weft being in detached 
pieces, it has been found that power-looms cannot be ad- 
vantageously employed.] 

{Placed in Class 11.) 

331 McDocGALL, D., Inverness — Producer. 
Highland stalking boots; and dress shoes. 

332 Bevington 8c Morris, King William Street, City — 

Manufacturers. 
Sheep-wool mats and Angola goat-mats, in great variety, 
plain and fancy, for hearth-rugs, carriages, and doors, 
&c. A variety of furs in cardinals, muffs, boas, riding- 
boas, and cufis, both natural and dyed. 

334 WoRSLEY, Jo6H., 31 Sunderland Street, Macclesfield. 
A pair of shooting-boots of extraordinary manufacture. 

335 Nevill, Major — United Service Club — Proprietor. 

A jacket made from the skin of a stag shot at Eridgs 
Park. 





PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 



INTRODUCTION. 



Paper of cvciy description, frinling and bookbinding, with the miscellaneous orticleg connected with corre- 
snondcnoe, anil useful and omamonlal Btationcfy, form the subjects of the iiresent Class. Tbo manufacture of 
these articles — ministering not to the personal or domestic wants of mankind, fit much as to Iheir intellectnid 
requiremcuLs — is one the annual increase of which is coeilensii^ with the diffusion of knowledge. And it 
may be truly said, that, morally and intellectually considered, the iirescnt Class relales to a species of industry 
exercising indirectly aniorc extensive influence over social economy than any of those iuto which this Exhibitkn 
has been Huldivideil. IJooks, it has been said, carry the proiluctions of the human mind over the whol« 
world, and may be truly called the raw materials of every kind of science and art, and of all social immove- 
ment. The Sub-Classes are as follows : — A. I^per in the raw slate as it leaves the mill, such as Brown Paper, 
Millboards, Printing, Writing, and Drawing Papen, &c. ; B. Article* of Stalionerj-, as Envelopes, Lace Papers, 
Fancy Pajiers, Ornamented and Glazed Paj)cr8, Sealing-wai, Wafers, InTts of ail kinds, &c. ; C. Pasteboards, 
Cards, Sic. i ]i. I'a])cr and Rcalcboard Boxes, Carlonnerie, Ac. ; E. Printing, not including printing as a fine 
art, and Printing Inks and Varnishes ; Bookbinding in cloth, velvet, vellum, &c. ; Fancy Itooka, I'ortftJies, 
Desks, &c, 

ITie position occupiwl in the Building is in the North side of the Western Main Avenne ; and the Aieai 
Includecl are F, 27 to 29, G. 11. I. J. 2(1 and 27. Rather more than 200 exhibitors appear tfl represent thii 
Class in its various branches of industry. 

ITie localities from whence the articles cshibitcd have been sent arc much less restricted than in precedine 
Classes. Many of the exhibitors appear in the cajncity of producers of small articles for fancy purposes ; ana 
as tliesc ore obviously capable of being made at home, requiring tostc and minute skill rather than mechuiicil 
power for their manufacture, the places from which they have been forwarded for exhibition have not the specisi 
interest attaching to great producing towns or cities, where thousands of machines and ojicrativcs are all occn- 
pieil in one department of niiinufacture. From the metropolis, however, where a lai^e demand for such articlei 
exists, tlie great proportion of them are derived. London also represents most largely the enormous printing 
resources of this country. Hut of these, as siiecimcns only of single works can appear, but a faint idea can le 
gained from the examples exhiV)ited, In one of the grealeet establishments of the Metropolis twenty machinM 
are constantly occupied, each of which is cajiablc of throwing off from 3,000 lo 4,000 impressions per hour, and 
in addition a large nimiher of printing machines for fine work are employed. These great printing establish- 
ments resemble very closely the lai^c manufactories of other districts, only their organirjition differs with the 
peculiar nature of the manufacture, if the mechanical production of printed books may be so termed. 

Paper, more legitimately reckoned among manufactures than printing, has a certain limitation to district* 
for particular kinds. Considerably more is made in England Uian in Scotland or Irehind. Kent is celebrated 
for its fine writing and drawing papers. From Lancashire, Berkshire, Hereford, and Derbyshire, papers of 
vario'us kinds are supplied. The quanlitv of ])aiicr annually manufactured in England two years ago amounted 
to 132,132,657 lbs. ; m 1834, it was little more than bolf that quantity. In 1839, it was esUmated that the 
quantity used, if eqiially divided among the population, T^-onld have been about three pounds and three- 
quarters for each individual. 

A variety of mechanical improvements, loth in the production of paper and in that of printed liooks, has 
been introduced of Inle. In the manufacture of paper the substitution of machine for hand labour lias bera 
attended with the most momentous results. In 1801, the |>rice of a ream of paper of a particular description 
was 36*. ; in 1843, the same paper could le purchased for rather less tlian half this sum. In 1721, it is esti- 
mated that 300,000 reams of pajier were annually produced in Great Britain. In 1841, 97,105,550 lbs. were 
made in the United Kingdom ; the total annual value is at present not far short of two millions sterling. 
Much of tbc increase thus exhibited is due to the introduction of mechanical power ; but the fiscal r^ulations 
upon this branch of industry, which were formerly extremely oppressive, having been removed to eoum 
extent, another cause of increased production and consumption is thus superadded. Paper may, however, be 
likewise regarded as a chemical nroiiuct, as it is certain that a lar,;e amount of chemical knowledge has been 
successfully combined with mecnanical skill in its preparation. By the co-oi>cmtive forcesof chemical processes 
and mechanical instruments, the most refuse matter thus becomes converted into a white and jiure materisl. 
As an evidence of the enormous length of jiajier produced by meclmnical power, two great rolls are exhibited 
—one is 750 yards lonu, the other 2,r>00 yards in length. 

The application of improved machinery to printiii™ is also of recent date, and has Iwcn attended with results 
of great moment. Protn^^ss is still maile in this direction, and in a proceiliug Class will be found a more 
delailodaccount of the introduction of an entirely new principle in printing (the vertical), the application of 



CtAss 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



537 



whidi for the rapid multiplication of newspapers is extending. By tliis arrangement, the vertical, tlie i)ower 
of f»roductioQ is only limited by the size of the machine. 

Among many interesting s{x»cimens of typography, those which exhibit the ])roduction of books in other 
toiu;iie8, by type cast in England, will attract notice. The Holy Scriptures are exhibited in one hundred and 
^"Striiiflerent languages — a noble evidence of the liighest ai)plication of industry to the enlightenment and 
welfare of mankind. Beautiful sjx'cimeus of the bookbinder's art are likewise shown. 

An envelope-foUling machine, placed at the side of the Main Avenue, is a striking instance of the successful 
application or mechanical movements to the iKirformance of the most delicate and comi)licatcd actions. By 
this machine, which would in strictness a])]x?ar to belong to a preceding Class, the movements of the hand of 
the folder are not only exactly imitated, but the result is more accurate and certain, and the ].ower of pro- 
duction is very largely mcreased. 

The peculiar interest which attaches to the objects in this Class, as the most powerful agents in the social 
tntl intellectual improvement of man, cannot fail to be awakened by the most casual insi)ection. Pajier, 
|irinting. and bookbinding, are, however, only the raw material, the application and reproduction of which is 
dt'i)endent u^)on the powers of the mind, not on those of matter. — R. E. 



1 Ackebmann k Co., 93 Strand — Producers. 

Ornamental colour bos, containing 100 cakes of colours 
tad requisites, ennmelled in gold and colours. 

Imperial scrap books and other articles of stationery 
•nd ornament^ including envelope cases, seaweeds, pole- 
•erwiia, &c. 

Odoiiferous lighters, for conveying flame to candles, 
Umps, tapers, dgars, &c., and by an ambrosial and sani- 
tary perfume, refreshing the atmosphere. 

%>ecimeQS of water-colours on alabaster, by E. Sant, 
Paris. 

4 HcGHES, Edward, Grwwcich Hospital Schools — ^Designer. 

An improved map of the British islands, on a scale of 
^J:gn of the natural size, exhibiting their physical features 
fend political divisions ; also their pastoral, agricultural, 
mining, and manufacturing districts and fishing stations, 
with the population, and industrial occupation of the in- 
habitants. 

Map of Palestine and adjacent countries, exhibiting their 
physical features, and illustrating the political geography 
of i«cnpture narrative. 

h Rexxaxt, Edmoxds, & Remnant, LovclVs Court y 
Patei-ru'Ster L'otr — Manufjicturers. 
Bc-oks bound in various styles of Morocco, Russia, CiUf, 
rjan. shtep, and cloth. 

7 Hawthorne, James, 77 Charrim/ton Street, St. l\incras — 

Manufacturer. 

.\n a&*«»rtnient of inks for wTiting, copying, marking 
<'n lintn. 4c., with specimens of their effect. 

S{ie*:imeni4 of nut-galls, broken and whole (Qncrrus 
' •..f.f.-Lf), and of the fruit of the Terminaliu C/ubala, from 
PjtnjTdl, 

^ Evans, Joseph S., 64 HenrickSt., Sjho — Manufacturer. 

Spei-imena of bookbinding in velhmi, illuminate<l, &c. 

li-vtkhinding in leather stained by hand, in imitation 
of wi<>ii« wo«kIs, and w;i«hable. 

liiipruve<l Winding for account books. 

^ FaujbaiRN, RonT., v»7 Ore if Cambriljc St., Hachm'i) Rd. 

— Manufacturer. 
Si»eeimenB of wood type for printing, &c. 



1" Fisher, Jabez Henrv, Xan North Road, Hoxton — 

Inventor. 
Sf»ximtrn of a bank note fur the prevention of forgeiy, 
r-rijiUii in a chemical water-colour, from a steel-plate 
trLTivini:, the ]>rr>cer4.s pnxlucin;:^ two colours at one opera- 
ti'u; the lettering; in black, and the (jmamental back- 
LToim*! in a neutral tint. Any si^iature u])on this note 
•irmot \te entfted without chanjnng the colour. The letter- 
f^sa «»n the note cannot be traui^feiTed or copied, and 
i^ printed on a prcxKired ])a|>er. 

11 GAiJJkRl>, W., :"(» Lli^oni Oror,- — Designer. 

Portable composing tr.une. to provide temporary accom- 
ir.«»<L»ti«»n for cjl^'s at the im{K>8ing stone durin;^ cor- 
r»r».-tion of proofs, or for extra cases near the compo.sitor's 



frame for work, that has a mixture of italic or other letter 
with that of the text. 



12 Gill, Thos. Dyke, 27 Charlotte Street, FUzroy Square 

— Inventor. 
Postage stamp expedient, for saving time, &c. 



14 BiNNS & Goodwin, Bath — Publishers. 

Natural illustrations of the British grasses; illustrated 
with sixty-two real 8i>eciraens. 

1 7 HiDER, Elizabeth, 1 5 Manor Place, Kiiufs Road, 

Chelsea — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Fancy floral paper for valentines. 

18 Dean & Son, 35 T.'ireidneedle Street— "Producers. 
Ornamented and illustrated letter and note pai>er. 

19 Stidolph, — , 2 Xew Pond Street, Path — Inventor. 
The chiragon, a hand guide for blind and tremulous 

WTiters. Its advantjigea are straightness, equidistance, 
simplicity, and freedom. 



20 IIcghes, G. a., 9 Mount Row, Westminster Road — 

Inventor. 

Machine for enabling pei^sons born blind to write in 
raised chanictera without using types. Tliis system is 
well adapted for wiiting French, .as all the accents can be 
faithfully represented. 

Machine to write with pen or pencil in skeleton Roman 
capitals, which can be read by blind persona as well aa 
by those gifted with sight. 

Machine to cast accounts and make general arithmetical 
calculations by tangible chamcters. 

Machine to coi)y and compose music on paper. The 
inventor is himself wholly blind. 

Stenographical treatise. ^ — Embossed. 

First-class book and wnting lessons. — Embossed. 

Musical notation; reatlmg aljihabet, with examples. — 
F.udjossed. 

21 II\T)E & Co., GI Fleet iS'^mV— Manufacturers. 
Sealing-wax, in combination with Rider's new mode 

of taking impressions from stone, metal, and composition 
intjiglios. 

Solid India Bcaling-wax, made hard expressly for use 
in hot climates. 



22 KiNC. TU03IAS & J. n., 4 H'lrtlctrs Bnildinjs, 
Jfijlhorn Hill — Designei-s and Manufacturei-s. 
Si>ecimen of a new type-music, in which the various 
pieces su-e combined on an improved principle, and very 
few kerned types are re<piirod; accurate in its composi- 
tion, and e<pially adapted for simple or comi)lex music. 
The same combinatiun, with a now furm (»f note. Series 
of chant-music. Original design of a series of letters, 
calle<l ai'abes'pies. 

[There are two kinds of nuisic tyi)e in use; in one, the 
complete note is cju^t in one s«)]i«l piece, and in the other 
(the hcnicd description) it is made up of five different 



Ci-ABB 17.— PAPER, PRINTINQ, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



pieoM. Huaio type *uiM in liis, the ■maJlMt b«iDg 
called minikin.— H. E. D.] 

23 Kmmr.JOHN, I0:i Cornwall Hood, LamlK^lh—ProduetT. 

Spacimena of split P*per, uid impraTcd method nf 
mounting woodcuta, for illiutrating b^lu, framing, and 
other purpnaea, and for their better preeerration. 

[The method of splitting paper of the thinnest texture 
is eitreroely simple. Two piacea of calico are firmly 
cemaQtsd UD the aidea of the p^xr, and dried. B; a 
gentle pull on each aide, the paper aplita into halvea, one 
of which adheres to the caUco on ona aide, and the other 
to ita oppoaita — the adheaion between the paper and the 
calico being greater than that of the lurfacas of the paper 
to each other. The split portiooa may then be removed 
by damping, and ao loosening the paste between the 
calico and paper. A bank-note, although of extremely 
thin texture, can va this way be separated into two 
halvea, on one of which remajna the impression of the 
plate, while the other la bhuik.— R. E.] 



Specimens of bookbinding and proceaaes connected with 
it, from deaigna by Luke Lunner; produced by hand. 



King WilUoni the Fourth's royal Bible, bound in mo- 
rocco by the eihibitora, from a deaign by Luke Limner. 
Of this splendid edition, the first proof sheet was struck 



and anchora, in honour of the aailor king. The back, end, 
and fore-edge, are shown in reSectora at the Exhibition. 
Thia Bible is represented in Che accompanying Plate 44. 

^lecimen of mending and fsc-simile ; portions of thia 
leaf having been destroyed, the paper is joined and the 
printing restored with a pen. Imitation of old Spanish 
printing, done with a pen, in imitation of Faxardo's type, 
of Seville, about the middle of the serenteenth coitiiry, 
being the suppressed "prologo'' to that exceedingly rare 
book, "Arte de la Pinturapor Francisco l^heco," taken 
from Cean Bermudas, and got up to match the book. 

Specimen of anastatic printing, from letterpress ; also 
photographs, from copper-plates i for completing nre im- 
perfect books. 

Specimens of paper from which ink and other stains 
have been in part extracted. 

Specimena of split paper, useful for removing letter^ 
press from the backs of engravings and wood cuts. 

Bright gold margin lines, applied to picture mounting. 

Eight examples, ahowing the proceas of binding a book. 

Blotting-books ornamented with the commeuiontiou 
shield of the Qreat Exhibition, in electrotype, by Elkington. 
This shield ie shown in the accompanying cut. 




Lflghlon'i Comi 



25 Lu>TI), R., 26 Bavhinf.mr — Inventor, Patentee, and I when framed; also for the lininif of librariea, cablueta, 
Hanu&cturer. esses, records, plate, jewelry, and in such other purposes 

Spedmena of aheet cork, manufactured and cut by as where mildew, insects, damps, and Tariable climatoa 
machinery, intended for back-boards and tnterleaTes of | are likely to produce prejudicial effects. 
booka, the backi of pointinga, engravinga, and pictur 



i 



KlXUDOX.] 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



539 



2ti Macomie, Alexander, ft Co., 6 Percy St,, Bedford Sq, 

— Manufacturers. 
Specimena of pulpit, &mily Bible, and other binding, 
lod table clock caae. 

Gottfried Weber's ** Theoiy of Musical Composition," 
'.'Tuli*., 8vo, edited by John Biahop; eidiibited as a spe- 
cimen uf bookbinding, and of letter-press and music print- 
'm br moveable types; also an illustration of the several 
mdiutrial arts employed in its production. 



27 Maxsell^ Joseph, 35 lied Lkm Square — Designer, 
ManufiM^urer, and Proprietor. 
Specimens of ornaments used for decorating linens, 
ttiusiins, damaaks, brown Hollands, woollen cloths, fto. 
Embodsed and perforated Bristol boards for drawings, 
and illuminated for show cards, fto. Paper embossed, 
uhl in imitation of lace, ftc., and other ornamental sta- 
tionery. EnTelopea and cards, embossed in silver. 



29 Martin, J.— Patentee. 

Wslaifnwf PRpM*, rendered so by a 
kiad of sae. The paper manufactured 
BnatliWRite, Cumberland. 



31 



PABaoa% Flbicber, k Co., 22 Bread Street— 
Manufacturers. 
inks. — ^Black, for wood-cuts, book-work, news- 
tad pocting bills. Coloured, for printing pla- 



S3 PnniT, H., 11 Old ^aOey— Manufacturer. 

MiifaHir pocket-books, with pencils composed of various 
artiL Tlw writing cannot be obliterated by the friction 
if tiM IflRTes, or by the uae of India-rubber. 



83 



ft Co., 27 Oxendon Street — ^Manufacturers. 

ninmiiistednote paper, and envelopes of various heraldic 
dtrioea. Specimens of stamping in relief on envelopes 
and paper; of stamping in surface or cameo; and of the 
NgiMered purse envelope. 

W. SmitVs improved stamping press. 

Medal dies, witn the collars and tools used in the niauu- 
facture of medals, including a matrix and punch. 

Button dies, and military ornament dies. 

Various impressions from dies and seals. 

Registered chessmen, in Jeunens & Bettridge's papier 
gold and silver. Alphabet, in papier mach^ and 



34 BoTtTOif ft Brown, 40 and 41 Old Broad Street— 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of ledgers, joiunals, and cash books, in 

vanoQs bindings. A book of prepared copying paper, 

bomid in morocco, with index, and paging; made with 

lock and key, for a copying press. A book of short 

made of adhesive paper, for securing the copies of 

I, or other documents. 



35 Safsford, Newman, 17 Kirhy Street, Hatton Garden — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimen of book-binding. 

M»> Sai'xders, T. H., Q^icenhilhe, and Dartford, Kent — 

Mauufacturer. 

S^nuiL' parchment j^aper for Rovemraent loans, shares 
ill '.'.ink.-, railwjiy mines, and public couiiKUiies ; also 
;i.Uj't4ii for eTiveloj^es for foivigu despatches, and a 
\.-.r;»t\ "f 'itlu^T ]»urjMisos. 

lUrik-ii-itv i»HfM.T.'<, plain and coloured, of strong tex- 
ti.r^-, with a variety of water-marks, to prevent fraud. 

Si*vimenB <»f a new method of making papers with 
WH.teT-ijuirk"' of an elaborate and compUciited design. 

\Miite and coloiu-ed safety paper for bankers' cheques, 
l^-tt»-r:» <*f credit, &c., detecting the removal of writing by 
a.uy chemical agent. 

(■lass transparency to show the water-marks in paper. 



37 Saunderson, C, Kilbum Lodge, Kilbum, Middlesex — 

Proprietor. 

Map of Ireland, engraved on copper, by John Dower, 
showing the provinces, counties, cities, county and mar- 
ket towns, with distances from Dublin, ftc. With two 
illustrations from drawings made expressly for the map, 
and engraved upon steel, by J. C. Armitage; contained in 
a wooden map-case, carved in ivy and shamrock leaf, with 
a centre shield, by (George Howton. 

The impressions from the steel plates are taken upon 
China paper and transferred to the spaces left on the map 
for their reception. 

38 Schlesincer ft Co., 8 Old Jewry — Inventors. 

Registered metallic memorandum books, with newly 
invented flexible backs, in morocco, russia, and other 
materials, to admit many documents. Variety of port- 
folios, music-folios, wallets, and pocket-books, of the 
same construction. Patent letter-clips. Registered parallel 
rulers, by which paper is ruled either with ink or pencil, 
in a shorter time than with conmion rulers. 



40 SiLVERlXXX, H., 3 Wardrobe Terrace, Doctors* Commons 

— Designer. 
Specimen of letter-press printing ft'om stereptvpe 
plates of medallion engraving and machining, intended to 
combine the effect of copper-plate engraving with the 
cheapness and rapidity of letter -press printing. 

41 Smith, Jeremiah, 42 Rathbone Place — ^Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Adhesive envelopes (requiring neither wax nor wafer), 
and note and letter papers, embossed with emblazoned 
arms, crests, mottoes, initials, &c. 

Doi^-se's patent tracing and writing cloth, for engineers, 
surveyors, architects, and others. 

Papers. 

[In the interesting collection of papers in the Exhi- 
bition, from various paper-mills, there are groups whose 
degrees of excellence must be estimated by verj' different 
standards ; as, for instance, the brown wrapping and the 
fine hand-made drawing papers, the sugar and the fine 
printing papers, the bibulous plate paper for engravena* 
use, and the hard sized WTiting jiapers. Collectively it 
exhibits, nt one view, the various qualities which ai*e 
sought for by English consumers, and which, in many 
respects, differ from those required by our Continental 
neighbours; as an example, may be quoted the substantial 
English wi-iting papers and the thin post papers of France 
and Belgium, whose different qualities arise from the 
difference of postal regulations in those countries. 

The system of producing paper in continuous lengths 
by machinery was first introduced by Messrs. Fourdrinier 
into this country, they hav-ing purchased the patent 
right of Mr. Gamble, who, in 1804, obtained permission 
from the French Government to bring to England a 
model of a machine, invented in 1799, by Louis Robert, 
who was then employed in the paper works of Essonne. 
This machine of Mr. Roberts was essentially imperfect, 
l>ut it wna brought to a state of great jKjrfection for Messrs. 
Fourdrinier, by the ingenuity of Mr. Bryan Donkin; 
upon this has been founded the various descriptions of 
paper-making machines which have since that time been 
introduced, Thoy consist essentially of contrivances 
by which the paj>er pidp is made to flow on the siuface 
of an endless wire weV^; a rapid up and doym motion 
being given to it for the puq)ose of shaking the water out 
of the pulp, and thus producing a complete interweaving 
of the textile filaments. The continuous roll of paper 
thus formed is turned off upon a second solid cylinder, 
covered with felt, upon which it is condensed by a thirtl, 
and eventually delivered to drying rollers. 



Class 17.— PAPER, PBINTINO, AND BOOKBIKDINO. 
Abeas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. 1. J. 20, 27. 



[U SITED 



Swoduih filteriug jKi[";r in uiiulo with pure watar, anil i> 
more (roe from iiupurit; than hd; olLer; lliis u, in bet, 
pure ccIluloM), anil yieltlH nnlf hnlf a per cent, of uh od 
lorineriktiou. Laid papers ars thute with a ribbed lurfaes; 
wove paper* tboso with a UDlfunu nuriuw. Blue paper*, 
UDiIer the loiinxcope, no lougor apimir of utiifonu tint, 
on the contrarjr the {articlee of culuur are soeo widel; 
Bcpamtad. 

In reference to the pulp in ita rarlouB Htage* of pre- 
paration, it nia; be slated, that oumoroiu ottcmpta have 
been mode to emploj other fibren, bewdea thoee of cottoD 
and (lax, iaths nianufiictuTeof pajieri fur iiutaoce, straw, 
hop-bine, graaaea, refuse of sugar cane, wood ahiiviags, 
&c. ; and, although paper hu beoD produced from theae 
materials, Tet, commercial];, the attempt! have been 
naauccosaful. 

Subjoined are the priiici|>til liieg uf writioR; paper in 
English iucbee, and in French centimetre*, to the nearest 
nullimetre, or tooth of a oeatiiDBtre. 

IiuihH. CcnUaiMm. 



Double okpba 


Dt *o xael 


101 


fl xO(i7-9 


AtUa . . 


. 34 X3d 


UHti 


4 xOfla-0 


Colombia . 


. 3*4X23* 


ilHT 


6 X OSO-T 


Imperial . 


. 30 x33 


076 


a X 055-9 


Elephant . 


. 28 X23 


071 


1 X 059'4 




. 37 X 19 


OKH 


e X 046-3 


HoTal . . 


. ^4 X 19 


(Nil 


X 048-3 


Medium . 


. aa X 174 


ih^h 


e X<H4-4 


Domy . . 


. so X m 


05U 


a X 039-4 


Large post. 


. 21 X I8J 


U5:i 


3X (A2-5 


Bmollpoat . 


. 19 XlSj 


on 


.1 X 039-4 


Foolacap . 


. IC4xl3t 


Mi 


9 X 033-7 




w 


U.L 


R. andR. 



42 Sncett BnomEBR, A'nr Bril-jc street, LohJoh — 
Wholeoale and Eiport Statiouers. 
IVWlbifl Fapen. 
Lttrge cream laid poet, various thickneisaii. 
Largo yollow wore poit, varioua thickucapee. 
lATge blue laid post, vi ' 






vo poat, VI 



n laid post, VI 
Small craam wove post, ^ 
Small yellow wove post, 
Small blue laid post, vari 

Madium wove poat, vario 
Large w 



la thick 



j> thickanvMis. 
irioua thictuiesaea. 
arioue thiukneeace. 
>ua thicluieniiea. 
IS thicknuHaoe. 
'e bank poat, various thickncaaee. 
P-Iper/or Aceonnl Bookl. 
SuperBne iajd imperial, varioua thicknesacd. 
Sujierfine laid royal, vorious thicknesses. 
Superfine laid demy, various thicknoasea. 
Superfine laid fo^lusp, various thickucxseti. 
Superfine Wove tooUi^, various thicluieeitve. 

Prlnlmg I'apert. 
SiiparftuB demy, varioua thickne™ca. 
Superfine royal, varioua thieknefees. 
Superfine double demy, varioua thiokneBSoa. 
Superfine double foolsiaip, various thickuewiea. 
Sui}Brfine double crown, varioua thicknecMea. 
Those are uaad for ordinary printing purpusea, from the 
moat coatly folio, down to the choainBt tnict. 
Pine laid nawa, varioua thickueaaeii. 
Fine wove news, vnriouH tbickneHSca. 
Theaa are exhibited of diffareut sizca, us well ns thick- 
nnaoa, for newspaper purposes. 

Papers fur nirwifs j^irpoies. 
Fine long elephant, 23 incbea wide, in a sheet of TSa 
yards in length. 

Fino double elephant, 46 inchw wide, in one sheet of 
a, 500 yards in length, for piLpcr-stoimug, docomtioua, and 
■rUatical purposes. 



i yard*. 



Dg elephuit, 23 inches wide, in aheets 
for pajwr- hangings, of varioua qualitiee. 

Bixiwn papers of various siiea and thickiieeaes, mada 
from pure rope, and eapeciully intaudcd fur packingr 
purposes. 
A sheet of brown paper, 93 inches wide, 420 feet long. 
[Tlie introduction of machinery into the mauubctura 
of paper alune could have produced a continuous sheet of 
the iuimenae length and breadth deacnbed. In the 
•aea by which machine-paper is made, there appean 
no more difficulty, In comwquonce of the continuity of 
the manufacture, in making a sheet of an indefinite lengtli, 
than in making one of a few feetj and if a supply of pulp 
1 )>e furnished, the machine might produce a ooa- 
tinuous sheet aulficiently lon^ to encircle the wcrtd.] 

ckinghamshire and Scotch millboards, for boot- 
binding, portfolios, traya, waiters, or japanned goodt, 
trunks, 3t«Bm-pipe joints, boiee, cases, gun-wadding, jtc 



42& JoTMSOK, WiLUAji, SI, Marl/ Cray — Manufaetursr. 

E^tra S.^^M Wrili;g F„,er,. 
Large blue wove post, 23 lbs. per ream. 
Large blue wove post, 19 lbs. per ream. 
Large blue wove post, 17 lbs. per ream. 
Largo blue laid post, 2'J lbs. per ream. 
L(U^ blue hiid post, I 'J lbs. per ream. 
Large bimk post, 5^ lbs. per ream. 
Large bank post, 7 lbs. [ler roam. 
Laice bank ix*t, IJ Ha. per ream. 
Hedium Ifank post, 8 lbs. per ream. 
Large cream laid post, 10 Iba, per ream. 
Lar^ croAm laid port, 22 lbs. per roam. 
Small oroaia laid pwl, 17 Iba. [ler ream. 
Small crenm laid post, 2<i llu, i>er ream. 
Small cream laid |>08t, 24 Iba. |ier ream. 
Small cream laid post, 25 lbs. per ream. 
Small blue laid i>OBt, 17 Iba. per rt-am. 
Small blue laid poet, 19 lbs. per ream. 
Bine laid foolscap, IS lbs. per ream. 
Cream laid foolaoop, 15 lbs. per ream. 

43 TaHBAsT, Alitied, 190 Hujh l/olljorn—lSaa\staiiuitr. 
Specimens of bookbinding. 

44 Tqojias t So.\s, 20 CurnJtiU — Slanufiscturen. 
Ledgers, atlas folio, and private ledgers in varioM 

sisee and bindings. 

45 TCBHBiilJ, J. L. ft J., Ihl-jKcH Huinil, SAoralitch— 

Manu^turenl. 

London draniug-boitrds, one composed of three sheets 

of paper, nnd one of ten, hand-made. Royal drawing 

boards, rouRh and smooth surface. Coloured crajoD- 

boards, royal sise, rough and smooth surface. Diieoticiil 

46 Watebujw & S0N8, 6fl Zo«.(un TV'-if^Manufectimn. 
CompU'to set of aecaunt books, with pat«nt backs. 

Xumerous articles of general stationery, 

47 Wkdowood, llAun, 84 /.omhirdSi.— Manufrcturer. 
Potent manifold writer, for copying letters, invoices, 

drawings, plans, Ac. 

Improved noctograph, with barred frame. Hoyal desk 
noclogrspb. By theae inventions, peraons vho have 
lost tbeir sight ore enabled to correspond vrith thai 
friends with facility, without otlier aid. Registered desk 
cl'l>. 

48 WeSTleT, JosiAti, Ph'jhoaae Yanl, Blachfrian—. 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of antique and modern bookbinding, in mo- 
rocco, russia, calf, and ctotli ; also appropriate design*, 
E reduced by hand and machine, with block decoratiDns 
y Luku Linmer, Esi). Ouo of tliose specimens of antique 
bmdiug is exhibited in the adjoining Plate 85. 



Klvgdom.j 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 20, 27. 



541 



49 Wbttakix, Robebt, 13 and 14 Little Britain — 

Manufacturer. 
PlAjiiig-«arda, the backa enamelled and omameutod 
m gold and colours. 

51 WBTTKitAX, F. J., 19 Little Queen Street, Hulbom — 

Manufacturer. 

^MrfwkMfM of improTed perforated plates, for marking 
liBcn, and other articles with indelible ink. 

Snttmnmmm of «»^rking on satiu, with permanent ink. 

UMB plates are engraved and prepared bv a ])eculiar 
pcocsM, and irill not decompose any of the materials 
thil may be used with them. {In North Gallery, F. 18.) 



2 WiD9ALl^ Gborge Fbedebick, 6 Harrow 

Mood, Padiiin*jtfm — Inventor. 
Rsdlway, omnibus, and toll-bar pocket-book and purse. 



53 WiLtJAMS, John, 29 Bucklcrsbunj — Manufacturer. 
An sMortment of ledgers. 

55 AbluB 9l Tcoleb, 15 Frith Street, Suho — 

Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Exterior and interior views of the building for the Ex- 
bibitinDof Idol, showing the application of printing to 
tinfoil snd other metallic substances. 



56 Atbissos, William, LamVs Passage, Finshnnj 

— Blanu^turer. 
Specimens of dyed and embossed calico, for bookbind- 
iDj: {iur|H)0es. 

50 Batten, David, Clapham Common — 

Manufacturer. 
Guinl books, and specimens of bookbinding. 



CO Cenxeb, Dr. W., B.A. Cheync Jlcnae, Collegiate School, 

Chelsea — Inventor. 

<V.T:)pMe phonological English alphabet, constructiug 
v!f pniiiounciug wonla Tvith the proper orthogniphy. 

Mt«}u;iical syllabicator and model mechanical iu- 

♦»1 BiNGLEY, Mark, 10 Lmn-cnce P^mntney Lnnc 
— Inventor and Mauufjicturer. 
Patent headbuuds for bookbinding, made by machine, 
in lengths of several yards. 



62 



Bo.VE, WiLUAM, & Son, 7»3 Fleet Street— 
Miuuifjicturers. 
Specimens of Ixx^kbiudiug in cloth ; and in cloth and 
niypxsco, showing the present state of the ai-t. 



C3 BoWDEN, G., 1 Little Queen Street, IToPtom— 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Rfgidteml arti*«t*fl economical desideratum, having, 
^hiTi closed, the api»eiU"aiice of a Hiniill, neat, flat cjvse, 
*".'Ji a \\^t w;itori»n>of, or fancy leather cover; but when 
fl>.'nt.'<l it will be found to contain au improved seat, 
^i'li apfiaraturf f<»r holding the *' tle.sideratum," and the 
r.M.-.-<iry re«iui!*itirt f«»r an artist, either in sketcliiug, oil 
I'>u::t:a'.r. ur water-colour drawng. 



•■4 Bretn-UJ^ Thomas Davis — Manufacturer. 

rit»:ut ixi{»or cloth, imule transparent for tracing maps, 
fli:;-. enpiuevring and architectural dra\^'ingH, &e. In 
r .!' .(f I'Mi yonb^ long by 4<» inchoH wide, without fold or 
J ir.t. The same not tnin*<i>arent. 

Th- ^urfiice lA applied to and incori)orated with the 
c! ti. 'luring the prucej*:* of its manufacture. 



»'..3 V\us. David, 1»3 W^llmm St/rcf, Flnshury — 

M;inufa^;turcr and IniiM>i-ter. 
Viip-' ;in«l ivMiy M:icki«, fur coj>jMM'-plate, letter-press, 
.'in i iith'-ji-iphie priuteii*, dyen*. jajmimei*s, paiKT-rftiiiiiers, 
i:. I fiiiiei:". 



QQ Candy, T. H., Kimfs College, Strand — Inventor and 

Proprietor. 
Map of the globe, intended to illustrate a new method 
of ten-estrial delineation. The peculiarity consists in all 
the meridians being of the same length, and all the paral- 
lels of latitude in their true propoi-tion. 

[The above map is drawn upon a modification of that 
which is termed the conical projection. — J. Q.] 



07 Churton, Edward, 2G Holies Street — Designer. 

Specimens of bookbinding ; each work ornamented ac- 
coruing to the era or the subject of which it treats. 



68 Clarke, J., 01 Frith St., A%ho Square — Manufacturer. 
Vaiious specimens of bookbinding. 

09 CussoNS & Co., 51 Punfiill How — Manufacturers. 

Bookbinders' cloth, dyed, embossed, and finished by the 
exhibitors. 

71 Clements, J., 21 & 22 Little Pulteney Street, 

Golden Square — Inventor. 
Material for bookbinding, or other purposes where plain 
or ornamental surfaces are roquii*ed. 



73 CooKE & Sons, 84 Cannon Street — Manufacturers. 
Coloured, embossed, and trans^xu^nt sealing-wax, with 

impressions. 

74 Cruchley, George F., 81 Fleet Street — Designer. 

A large map of England and Wales, consisting of 65 
sheets, each 24 by 19 inches, at two miles to the inch 
(half the scale of the ordinaiy maps). 

Maps of Euroi)e and the world. 

Map of London and enWrons, which illustrates to the 
extent of six miles round St. Paul's. 



70 De la Rue, Tiiojias, & Co., 1 10 j:7mhill Poic— 
Manufacturers and rrojirietors. 
Enveloi>e-f<)lding machine, invented by Edwin Uill and 
Warren Do la Uue. 

[The following is the action of this machine. The 
feeding-boy places the previoiusly cut bliuik envelopert 
on to a pniall platfunn, which ri.ses and falls in the 
rectangular rece.sw formed by the cylindrical axes of 
the folders (shown open in the engraving) ; the beiu*- 
inga of the folders sening by their elongjition to gui<lo 
the enveloi>o into its place at the moment of the nniall 
l)latforni falling. A plunger now descends oiul crea^•os 
the envelope by coriying it between the folder-axes, 
at the Bjune time tiuniing the flaps upwiu-ds in a 
vertical diniction: the plunger, which descended as a 
whole, now divi«les into two piu^s, the ends rising and 
the yides remaining down to hold the envelope until the 
end-folders have operated; these latter turn over the 
flaps, the one on the right of the feeding-lad t;iking a 
alight precedence, and being closely followed by the 
gumming ajjpanitus, which takes gum from an endkss 
blanket working in a trough, and after applying it U* the 
two end flaps, retires, at the same time the remaining 
half of the plunger moves ui>wards, to allow of the side 
folders turning over the remaining two flajjs, the folder 
nearest the feeder taking precedence. During these 
operations, the end-folders have remaine<l at rest, and the 
whole four open simultanecuisly. The taking-ofl' appa- 
ratus, with its lingers tipped with \'uleanized caoutchouc, 
now moves f(trward over the folded envelope, which is 
lifted upwanls by the rise of the small platform and re- 
treats with it. placing each cnveloj.i', as it i-< su'vessively 
f<»ldcd. under thom.> which hive preceded it. The enve- 
l"|»c.- ;'.i" now kn»,»ck"d "\ r "U to an •. ndkvs blanket, and 



Cum 17.— paper, PBIKTING, AKD BOOKBINDING. 
Akbab p. 27 to 29 ; O. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



kn eonduoted. by it between two cytiudtini for a, 
Mqusen, md then rue in ■ pils up the trough, tvea 
agminit the right arm of an attendant, wba ii repreiented 
In the engnkving us fetching awa; the folded votk. 
There ii a provUion in the machine b; which the gnininer 
ia prevented placing gum upon the pktfunn, in caae the 
feeder omita feeding in on envelope. Thia nuwhine worlu 
At Ae rate of 2,700 envelapea per hour, and althou^ 
•uperaeding hand-labour in folding, it i> BatiaCactor; to 
find that, inatead of diiplacing hands, its intniduotion, 
b; extending the consamption, haa, in rcnUty, created 
work for more than it has diapUced, 




Rne'i Emrliipg foldiiif m 



Although the faahion of uaing envelopes waa common 
in Franoe, and had been, to n noall extent, introduced 
Into England prior to 18.39, yet their conguinption vraa 
too inaigniScant to call forth any but the rudeet me- 
chanical appliaucea. It ia to the HlimuluH created by 
the adoption in, 1839, of Mr. Rowland Hilla ayrtem of 
poctoge refonn, and the conAoqiient increaaod domuid for 
envelopes, that their manufacture owes it« rank amongst 
the arts, and ita poaaesAtoo of some of the moet ingemous 
machinery recently invented. 

The total annual nimiber of letters pBonng through the 
Post-offiofl in the United Kingdom before the change in 
the postage wae atwut TS,OD0,00O. The fourpenny-rate, 
knd the alteration ■□ the system of charge by number of 
enclosures to that by weight, was introduced on the 5th 
of December, IB.3B, and on the 10th of Janmiry, 1840, 
the rate was reduced to one penny: during that year the 
cumber of letters increaited to 169,000,000, about half of 
which ware enclosed in envelopes. The number of letters 
haa bean steadily increasing since that period, and during 
the y«ar 1850, it reached the ostoniahing number of 
347,000,000, or 1,000,000 per day; the proportion of 
letters enclosed in envelopes baa likewise increased from 
one-halt to fivcsiiths of the total quantity, ho that in 
round numbera 3OO,000,Ou0 of envelopes pass annually 
through the Post-ofBce; bewdes which there is nearly 
Kn equal number used in private conveyance. What 
doea this million ol envelopes contain t Their expo- 



sition would ftimiah an Inatructive and entertainitiX 

In illustntjon of th« artJcles Bometimes sent by post, 
it may be cdted, that some yean back Profeasor Henaloir 
was in the habit of receiving, from memben of an agri- 
cultural society which he had established, apeclmens of 
living sluga of vanouE kinds, sant for examina^on, wilt 
a view to his advice for their extenoination. Wen 
it not for the cheap postage many of the publishing 
societiea now in esiatenoe would not have been eatablished, 
on account of the expense of collecting nunuacripU, 
transmitting proo&, and circulating books. But it ia not 
only in thia way that the postal reform haa axtvnded iu 
benefita, for with the reduction of nM«i a liberal poh^ 
has inoreaaed the fiuiUlJea of delivery by the caudlliah- 
merat since 1839 of 4,600 new post-officei, wliiah an 
estimated as aerving about 14,000 villages. 

Hetuming to the manufiicture of envelopea, m Snd 
but little progreaa until March 1S45, when Hr. Edvin 
Hill and Mr. Warren De la Bue took out a patent for 
cutting and folding machinery. Until thia period, enre- 
lopea had been folded by baud, by means of a bone 
" foldiDg-stiok," an expeiienoed vrorkwoman folding about 
.1,000 per day.] 

Papen ornamented in the water-mark. 
Arlictri of Staliimerj/, 

Plain envelopes, folded by machinery. 

Envelopes, with aeal flaps, embosBed, plun, and in 

Envelopes, goOered. lac«-perfoiated, and emboaaad. 

Embossed und lace letter papers. 

Specimena of writing papers, highly glazed, and in bncy 

Specimens of writing papers, highly glaeed, gofiined, 
and in fancy pockets. 

Packeta of envelopes, in boi«. 
Note and letter paper, in boxes. 

Papotieres — envelopes and note papers, in fimcy wrap- 
Newspaper envelopes. Paper-cloth envelopes. 
Document bands, made ot paper, lined with caout- 

Cords for weddings, envelopes and " At home" notes, 
wafers und ties, silver-edged, printed in silver, plun em- 
boBsed, uud embosaod in siiver. 

Cards, envelopes, and letter and note papers, plain and 
embosaed, for mourning. 

Surface-coloured and eaomellod papers, coloured by 
hand ond by machinery, patented by Warren De la Bub. 

Gelatine papers. Emboaoed paj>ers. 

Papers printed in colouis, gold and ailvsr, and metal 
Dolours. 

Irideaceut papers, the changing colours of which are 
produced by a thin Sim of colourleas varnish, patented bv 
Thomaa De lo Rue. 

Nethographic papers, or papers printed from wire-olotli. 
Patented by Thomas De la Kue. 

Plain gold and silver papers. 

Embossed gold and silver popers. 

Oold borders, for box makers. 

Pastehoanb, Cardt, ^c. 

Playing cards, with plain and ornamental backs, com- 
prising a variety of floral and fruit designs, some printed 
m eight colours, patented by Thomas De la Rue. 

Measage-carda, plain, white, tinted, gofEared, enamelled, 
and irideaceut. 

Drawing-boards, plain and tmboased. 

Hountiug-boarda, tinted and plain. 



T.Del. 



te and Co. 'a catalogue, a 



ispeci: 



lenoftjp* 

ptinttm. 



KlXGDOM.] 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 2G, 27. 



543 






Box-tops, printed in gold and colours, and embossed, 
fiuidi for pioce goods, printed in gold and colours, and 
•mbossed. Book-coTers. 
BtII-ti<^et8, admission tickets, and programmes, 
hinting inks. 

2k)oJ^mding. 

All the designs are produced bj the combination of four 
koadred new tools, cut from designs by Mr. Owen Jones. 

Alboms, bound in wood, leather, and velvet. 

Scrmp-booka. Portfolios. Music books. Manuscript 
books. 

MMDorandam books. Indelible diaries. 

Pteket ledgers, and account books. 

Solid sketch-books and drawing-blocks. Drawing books. 

Writing-desks, cabinets, and envelope-cases, in wood, 
kather, laid velvet. 

Pocket-bookB, wallets, and card-cases, in leather and 
vdvet. Sermon, tourist, and note-cases. 

Deqiatch-boxes. Playing-card boxes. Pocket chess- 
boards. 

Blotting-cases, in wood, leather, and velvet. 

** MacCabes," or pamphlet, letter, or music-holders. 

77 AMamosQ, John, 11 Great College Street North, 
Camden 2Wn. — Sculptor. 
An illustrated music sheet, containing two sets of 
qujKirilles. No. 1. "Quadrilles Antique." No. 2. 
" Quadrilles of All Nations." Arranged by Philip Klitz, 
envn^ved by the exhibitor. Published by John Klitz, 
Ni>. 198 Tottenham Court Road. 



78 Caslon & Co., Chiswell Street — Producers. 

Specimens of calignmhic type, engraved and produced 
onder the superintendence of Mr. E. Boileau. Printed 
^Mcimen. The caligraphic tvpes in chase. 

Specimens of improved coloured printing inks, manu- 
fiK^ued so as to be readily mixed with the varnish when 
vinted. By an improved process these colours, after 
luTio^ been deprived of all extraneous substances, are 
r.tlucijil t4) the finest powder, requiring only the use of a 
j'Jette knife to mix them to the comiistency of ordinary 
I'r.ntin:: ink, thus effecting a great saving, and fivcilitating 
tl.t LiUmr of the ornamental printer. 



Ty D0BB8, Kjdd, & Co., IM Fleet Street — Designers 

and ManufacturerH. 
EmlK'S'jed d rawing -biMirds, cards, and paper ; enchased or 
lact lH>rdere<l cards and paper; also, embossed tableaux, 
txliibiting the application of embossing to the fine arts. 



^'^ Stokes, Robert, /r^ Cottage, Kinjslund — Inventor. 

Three bottles of chemical ink. This ink may be em- 
pi^'ved on writing i>aper or parchment beHmeared with 
P«i«. It is intended to be 8er>iceable to butchers, 
Uktrs. oilmen, conveyancers, and solicitors. 

^'5 Hetwood, John, 170 Dennsgate, Manchester 

— Manufacturer. 
K-»<.l.icap quarto copy-books, with printed headings. 
I'"'t quarto copy-books, in two qualities of pai)er. 

M Hameb, XlSKVDy Ilorsforth, iu;ar Leedji — 

Manufacturer. 
r.jth j.af«r8 for pressing and finishing woollen cloths. 
'V** paj.er» for stuff goods, both rolle<l and glazed. 
''liW"! j»Af»erH used for cotton goods. Gun wadding of a 
&•-* description. 

^*t Ha«tings & Mellob, /t«vZ< — Manufacturers. 

rV.^v j<ij.en«. for prensing woollen cloths. Brown pai>era, 
r;^2cd an 1 unglazeil, for wrapping up woollen and other 
iiuLiufactured articles. 



^•» KxiGHT, J. Y., 39 Brij.jate, /.^a/^— Manufacturer. 

I>frUen*, royal folio i>aper, ten quire.s, white vellum, nio- 

r-re-. han<iji; smaller account-books, in common binding. 

The*? books, when open, present a perfectly flat surface. 



87 Bacster, Samuel, & Sons, 15 Paternoster Row — 

Producers. 

Polyglot bible, printed in separate pocket volumes, 
which correspond, page for i)age, with each other; so that 
a convenient polyglot Bible of two, three, foiu*, or more 
languages may, at pleasure, be formed by placing tho 
required number of volumes before the reader. 

Other specimens of typography and binding. 



88 Cross, George, 2 Neic Coventry Street — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Print collector's improved scrap-book, without guards, 
by which prints, drawings, &c., may bo put close up to 
the back, and withdrawn without injuring their edges. 



89 Riviere, Robert, 28 Great Queen Street, 

Lincoln's Tnn Fields — ^Designer. 

Specimens of bookbinding, "viz.: — 

Spenser^s works, folio, morocco, tooled with a double 
interlaced monogram (R. Riviere) ; the inside covers 
tooled with cipher E. S. 

Virgilii Opera, royal 8vo, inlaid with variegated leather 
on white morocco; inside covers tooled in foliated curves. 

Common Prayer, folio, in antique morocco. 

Chronicles of England, 4to, tree-marbled calf. 

[Inlaid or mosaic binding is produced by sticking 
various coloured leathers, silk, velvet, or paper on the 
cover, and finishing the joints by gilding. 

Tree-marbling is the mottling or marbling caused by 
pouring a solution of green copperas (protosulphate of 
iron), on the cover, and causing it to flow somewhat in the 
form of a tree. — W. D. L. R.] 



90 Ferguson Brothers, Ediihurgh — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of printing type — nonpareil, minion, brevier, 

bom'geois, long primer, and small pica. 

91 Neil, Robert, 13 North Bank Street, Edinburgh— 

Designer and Mjuiufacturer. 

Specinioiis of bookbinding, viz. : — 

An imperial quarto Bible, morocco super extra, morocco 
insider, with sjitin fly-leaves. The outside of the boards 
and back is a specimen of hand-tooling, illuniinated; and 
the inside of the boiu'drt the same, not illuminated; in 
the interior of the oval on each side of the shield, on 
white morocco, is a family register; and on the satin fly- 
leaves, is another Hj)ecimen of blocking; op the edges, are 
the etchings of tliree churches — top, St. John's, Edin- 
burgh; bottom, St. Giles', Edinburgh; front, St. Mungo's, 
Glasgow. 

A morocco case for the Bible, so designed that tho 
Bible may be fully seen, ^vithout handling or removing it 
from the cushion at the bottom of the case 



92 S1NCI.AIR, Dl'ncan, & Son, WUi'efonl IFoLse, 

Ediiib'uyfi — Designers and Manufacturei-s. 

Small founts of music tyj»e of different size jmd body. 
Cases containing the numerous chiu*;icters — about .'iOn in 
each fount — with a ])lau showinj^ the j)osition and nuni]>er 
of each separate cliaracter, for the setting up of any j>iccj 
of music, however difficult. 

SiHicimon-pages of each of the above music founts, 
printed from type j\nd 8tereot}']>e j)h\tes. Books C(»nt4iin- 
ing 8|)ecimen3 of all the book and newspaper letter founts. 
Specimen -sheets of uniform founts of book and newspaper 
letter. 

93 Waterston', George, Edinhiwgh — Manuftvcturer. 

S]>ecimens of sealing wax and wafers of viu-ious colours 
and qualities. 

94 Mackenzie, W., J.'udon Sdrcf, Olr^./oir — Inventor. 

A volume printed in church text, ilhniiiuated with red 
capitals; the ty])es of each sheet were conqKXsed only 
once, and both colours were ])rintod from thi* same forni 
without lifting, a method which secures p- rfect rogi-^ter, 



[17.] 



[OmciAL lLLUjrrnA7;:i> C/.tajooli.] 



a\3 



644 



Clasb 17.— paper, printing, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



[United 



without incurring the expenBe of composing, as in the 
usual way, separate fomiB for each colour. Several spe- 
cimen pages of this mode of printing, showing its general 
applicability. 

96 Bancks Brothers, Weirhouse Mill, Chetham — 

ManufSacturers. 
Patent writing-papers, embellished with ornamental 
designs, and authenticated by autograph ngnatures in 
the water-mark. 

[The water-mark on paper was, until within a very 
short period, confined to the ribbing of laid -papers, or the 
distinctive mark of the pi^ier-maker. Recently, ornamental 
designs have been produced, by means of wires sewn on the 
hand-mould or the dandy-roller of the paper machine, of 
which specimens are exhibited. This improvement was 
introduced by the Messrs. Busbridge. The process consists 
in forming the required design in brass plates, which are 
aewn on the mould or dandy-roller.] 



97 BuDDEN, Ebenezer, Ccunhridge — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens of bookbinding: — ^Album, inlaid in colours, 
with interlacing band pattern, edged with body colours, 
inside joints and vellums inlaid, ^It, and painted; the 
leaves gilt, silvered, and painted with brilliant colours. 

Bible in purple morocco, with gilt cover and joints. 



98 Whiteley & Sons, ^S^awAind— Producers. 

Specimens of press boards. 



100 Smith, Edward, Felling Shore, Gateshead — 

Producer. 
Glazed brown paper, manufactured by Messrs. Thomas 
Gallon & Ck>., paper brokers, Felling Shore. Glaaed by 
an improved process. 



101 Cowan, Alexander, & Sons, Valley-field Mills, 
near Edinburgh, and 45 Upper Thames Street — 
Manufacturers. 
Specimens of paper. Large cream laid, lai^ blue laid, 
thick cream laid, and thick blue laid, post folio, note 
and letter papers. Blue wove and laid bank poet for 
foreign correspondence, &c. Blue laid medium and demy 
for account books. Bank note paper. Envelopes in 
packets. Pictorial note papers, with views in oil colours. 
Fine printing demy. Account books, various. 



102 Wildes, William, Snodland, Rochester — Designer. 

and Manufacturer. 

Specimens of writing paper ornamented by wreaths of 
flowers in the water-mark. — Registered design. 



103 Wiseman, Henrt Richard, 9 Trinity St., Cambridge 

— Manufacturer. 
The King's Bible, in two volumes, printed at the Pitt 
Press, Cambridge, bound in royal scarlet morocco, tooled, 
with illuminated vellum fly-leaves, tooled edges, &c. 

106 Ccndall&Addey, 21 Old Bond Street— FubliBhen. 

Specimens of bookbinding : — 

In gold paper, the ornamental design being printed on 
it in colours, by means of wooden blocks. 

In morocco, covered with an elaborate design in pierced 
metal, enamelled, gilt, and chased. The metal-work by 
Thomas Burtt and Sons. 

In ornamental cloth; in morocco, inlaid with a pierced 
ivory tablet. 

In morocco, In a style suitable for ecclesiastical books; 
executed by James Hayday. 

In morocco, using a decorated china tablet for the side 
of the book, with gilt bosses for its protection. The 
tablet manufactured by W. T. Copelaud, at Stoke-upon- 
Trent. 



107 Knight & Ha wees. Stanhope Foundry, 13 ClerkemcHl 

Close — Manufacturers. 

Stereotype casts from printing type, of the varioiu 
sizes and characters; in £kiglish, German, Irish, Syriac, 
Hindostanee, Chaldee, Persian, &c., together with the 
type and the moulds. 

Stereotype casts from engravings in wood, steel, &c. 

Specimens of stereotype plates for surface printing m 
colours. 

Stereotype plates for embossing. 



108 Rock Brothers & Patne, 11 Walbrook— 

Manufacturers. 

Account books with metallic bands ; fancy note and 
other papers ; blotting pads ; sketch books ; publicaticm 
folios; and memorandum books with new elastic bandifor 
clasps. 

Albums and scrap-books, three of the latter contain- 
ing nearly 2,000 views in England : produced by the exlii- 
bitors. 

109 Orr, W. S. & Co., Amen Comer — Producers. 
Various works in plain and ornamental binding, includ- 
ing russia, morocco, calf, antique calf, and cloth. 

Series of maps, illustrating the physical features and 
phenomena of the globe. 

110 Pbceerd, John Parsons — Designer. 
Original design in penmanship, showing the effect pro- 
duced by Tate's exchequer ink. 

111 Westixys & Co., Friar Street, Doctors* Commons— 

Manufacturers. 
Various specimens of bookbinding, in plain and oroa* 
mental styles; several gilt, with appropriate and emblem- 
atical tooling; including the Holy Bible, royal folio, 
Oxford, bound in purple morocco, with enchased claqM, 
comers, and centres ; and painted edges, in gold aiid 
colours, with appropriate Scripture texts from the Old and 
New Testament. 



112 FOLKARD, W. J. 

Specimens of printing from wood blocks. 

113 Evans, Edwin, Yorkshire Street, Oldham — Designer. 
Specimen of typography. 



117 Macnair, William, Glasgow — Producer. 
Specimens of bookbinding: Imperial quarto volume, 

bound in morocco, super-extra, modem style; Encyclo- 
p83dia of the Fine Arts, demy quarto, bound in calf, 
super-extra, antique style ; Milton*s Paradise Lost, impe- 
rial octavo, morocco, super-extra, antique style; GWlery 
of Nature and Art, royal octavo, calf, super-extra, modern 
style. 

118 Stirling, W., Kenmure House, Glasgow — ^Proprietor. 
A copy of the Bible printed by Her Majesty's printer 

in Scotland in 1811 : only 100 copies of this edition were 
printed on large paper; it is bound in white moroeeo, 
and gilt, as a speounen of bookbinding in Qlasgow. 

119 Todd, John, Perth — Manufacturer. 
Writing inks and ink powders, known as the " Petth 

writing inks," made up in different sizes of bottles or 
packages. One is a carbonaceous ink, said to be inde- 
structible by the action of air or light, or any ksovn 
chemical agent. 

120 Parker, J. H., Oxford — Proprietor. 
Illustrated books. 



121 Plowman, J., St. Aldat^ s Street, Oxford— Inyenior 

and Manufacturer. 
Portable copying letter -case, for taking copies of letters, 
documents, &c., written in ink, by the mere pressure oC 
the hand. The process is simple and ei^>editioii8. 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Abeas F. 27 TO 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



545 



CSS, Robert, & Co., Ne'jo Burlington Street — 

Part ManuL&cturers. 
jce's collecUoii of Cathedral Music, edited by 
^arren, in 3 vols., large folio; containing the 
Old anthems of the great English Church com- 
•m the period of the Reformation, viz., Thomas 
chard Farrant Bpd, Bevan, John Bull, Morley, 
stopher Tye, Mirchild, Henry Aldrich, Robert 
0, and Benjamin Rogers ; also by Orlando Gib- 
>mas Tomkms, John Parsons, William Munday, 
Law8s, Henry Purcell, Pelham Humphrey, Jere- 
rk. Dr. Jolm Blow, Bfatthew Lfocke, Goldwin, 
Michael Wise, Dr. Turner, and Dr. William 
:h memoirs of the composers, and a portrait of 
». Exhibited aa a specimen of the art of en- 
id stamping musical notes on plates of pewter — 
lusic, prmting, and bookbinding. This work is 
t>m more than 1,200 plates. 

m Boyce, Mus. Doc., was bom in 1710. He was 

several churches successively ; and finally, on 

1 of Dr. Greene, 1775, of the Chapel Royal, 
t work was the projection and partly the execu- 
13 predecessor (Dr. G.) Boyce died in 1779, and 
d in St. Paul's Cathedral.— H. E. D.] 



3I3I8, VixcENT & Jambb, 17 & 18 West Street, 

mithfeld — ^Designers and Manufacturers. 

ens of type — some of the ornamental letters 

French and German design. 

aterials of type metal — lead, tin, and antimony. 

al of different qualities. 

lould and matrix. Type mould taken to pieces. 

i-cuts ; metal matrices made from them; casts 

matrices. 

'type copper matrices from casts, illustrative of 

Bs of polytyping wood-cuts. 

super royal, containing upwards of 220,000 
pearl type, weighing 10 stone, held in suspension 

pressure, techniciUly called ** locking up." 



Eixo, J. Alfred, 69 Dean St,, So?io, §- 24Poultrt/ 

— Pix)ducer. 
ens of music type, and a sketch of the method 
ig music fhjin moveable tj^ies, showing all the 
eccii, their shapes, and the cases in which they 
jed before the compositor. 



CHIN & Morel, 8 WUsmi Street, Grays Inn Road 

— Manufacturers. 
;-cut, stereotype plates, and engravings. 

tuminous stereotype plates are for printing pur- 
il though new in this country, have been exten- 
d in France for the last two or three years ; their 
over the metal plates consists in their hai'dness, 
ders them more lasting, and in the fineness of 
ressions, which is stated to be equal to those of 
<ut] 

IRK, W., DunUr inline, Scotland — Designer. 

enx of IxKjkbindiug, viz: — 

«vo, full->x)\md in maroon Turkey morocco, gilt 

id-tooled in gold on back and sides, with satin 

>x)le<l designs are usually employed in the 
:t*3 of bindings, and are formed by the com- 
'f a number of separate tools arninged according 
te of the workman. — W, D. L. R.] 

rs' History of Dunfermline, 8vo, full-bound in 
ey morocco, h and-tooled in gold and silver on 
liides, and with silver and satin linings. 

Scenes from the Bible, 8vo, full-bound in 
f, fancy bronzed f>aper linings, gilt edges, hand- 
•k. and sides, with gold and silver. 



Cheeyer's Winding of the Water of Life, 8vo, full - 
bound in green calf, fancy bronzed paper linings, gilt 
edges, hand-tooled back and sides, with gold and silver. 

[Bookbinders, previous to gilding, prepare the leather 
with white of egg, or glair, as it is technically called, and, 
after it has dried, apply the gold or silver leaf with 
heated tools of the required design. The glair softens 
and attaches itself to the gold, which is readily removed 
from those parts not so impressed. — W. D. L. R.] 

The Great Teacher, by Dr. Harris, post 8vo, half-boimd 
in green morocco, scarlet cloth sides, fancy bronzed paper 
linings, gilt edge, hand-tooled, gilt on back, the sides 
wrought with gold and silver. 

135 Clark & Davidson, MwicMine, Scotland-^ 

Manufactm*er8. 

Specimens of bookbinding in wood, &c., viz. : — 

Pictorial Bible, boimd in wood boards, ornamented 
with arabesques. 

Songs of Scotland, bound in wood boards, in imitation of 
tartan, with view of Banks ofDoon, in ornamental shield. 

Portfolios, with wood boards, in imitation of tartan, and 
views; Balmoral Castle, in ornamental shields; Holyrood 
Palace, in omamsntal shield; Andemach on the Rhine, &c. 

Scotch snuff-box, and Scotch fancy wood-work. 

Note-books. Metallic books, with arabesques. Orna- 
mented wood flower-vases. Enamelled wood egg-cup 
stand. Portable work-box. Thread-reel boxes. Crochet- 
boxes and cases. Needle-books, boxes, and cases. Snuff- 
boxes of fancy wood. Match-boxes. Toilette-bottle 
cases. Razor-cases and strops. Spectacle-cases and slips. 
Paper-folders and book-marks. Pomatum and scent 
boxes; and scissor-cases. All with imitation of tartan. 



136 Bradburt & Evans, Whitefriars—VrodLwccrs, 
Specimen of letter-press and wood-cut piinting. 

137 DuDMAN, James, Camhet^ell Place, New Road— 

Inventor. 
Sjiecimens of three sorts of self-sealing envelopes : — 
First — A metallic capsule attached to the envelope, con- 
taining cement, which, by the pressure of the thumb, 
spreads and seals. Second — Adhesive cement attached to 
the envelopes, in the sealing position, with a piece of 
metallic foil between the cemented siu-faces, on I'emoving 
which, by pressure, the envelope is sealed. Third — The 
same in principle as the last, without the inteiposing foil, 
a portion of the envelope being turned between the 
cemented surfaces: this requii-es warmth, as the cement 
is harder than in the preceding. 



139 Wright, J., 14 & 15 Noel Street, ^W<o— Producers. 

Various specimens of bookbinding, including the illu- 
minated books of the middle ages, by H. Noel Hum- 
phrey and Owen Jones. Imperial folio, bound in brown 
morocco; the l)oard8 cut and blued; tooled in the antique 
style, the edges gilt and tooled, and iiKiny other choice 
woiks, in varied and appropriate ornamental styles. 



140 PiCKERiNCf, William, 177 I'iccdJ ill!/— Vvoducer, 

Specimens of printing, viz.: — 

1. The Victoria Book of Common Prayer, carefully col- 
lated, and adapted to the jji-esent reign; piinted in large 
old English type, by Mr. Whittingham, with floriated 
initial letters, and the nibncks in red. 

2. King Edwaixl Vlth's Book of Common Prayer, with 
musical notes by John Merbecke, 1 5oU. 

3. Euclid, the'first six books, with coloured diagrams and 
symbols, used instead of letters, for facilit;iting a know- 
ledge of Euclid. This work is a specimen of letterpress 
printing in coloure, not hithei-to used. 

4. The Princess Eliwibeth, Fnmcis I., and an enamel, 
being specimens of the dres-scs, decorations, nii.H.^al orna- 
ment, and decomtivo oi-t of the middle ages, by Henry 
Shaw, F.S.A. 

2 U2 



543 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



[Ukited 



141 Ellis, Hercules, ffardtnok Street, Dublin — 

IVoducer. 
SpecimeiiB of poetry publiflhed by J. Smith, 49 Long 
Acre. 

142 Ralph, Frederick W., 36 Throgmorton Street-— 

Manufacturer. 
Registered polychrest euTelopee, made in three sizeB, 
and self-sealing; invented to combine in one the note 
and envelope, so that the contents are always identified 
with the address and postmark; important in evidence; 
and for correspondence and business purposes, economical 
in regard to expense and tima When used as envelopes 
only, they are more secure for patterns and enclosures 
than those in common use. 



143 Dewdnet, John, Cuilompton — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of paper. 



144 By AM, EuzA, Bazaar, Soho Square — Producer. 

Compound stationery case; travelling, writing, working, 
dressing, and refreshment case ; lady's carriage companion, 
&c. 

147 Lamb, John, NewcMtle-xmdcr-Lyme — Manufacturer. 

Reel of pottery tissue-paper, used for printing earthen- 
ware from copper rollers by machinery. 

Ream of pottery tissue for printing china and earthen- 
ware from nat copper plates. 

Capstan, or piece of old round rope, and piece or 
length of old flat coal-pit rope, the material from which 
the paper is manufactured. 

[The paper manufactured for the purpose of the potter 
was made of linen rags, but it is now almost always made 
from cordage, and is unsized. The reason of this is, that 
being printed on with ink, of the colour required on the 
ware, and of such a nature as to fix firmly, it is rubbed 
upon the "biscuit" with a roll of flannel, and being 
placed aside for a short period, it is plunged into water, 
and the bibulous paper removed with a sponge, leaving the 
impression on the piece of pottery, — R. H.] 



148 Newbert, J. & R., 2 amf 3 Hemlock Street, 
Carey Street — Manufacturers. 

Gold and coloured papers for bookbinding, &o. 



149 Venables, Wilson, & Tyler, 17 Qwenhithe— 
Manufacturers and Wholesale Stationers. 

Specimens of the present state of the paper manufac- 
ture in Great Britain, classified and arranged in portfolios 
and reams. 

Specimens of the material used in its various stages of 
preparation for the manufacture of paper. 

[Among the specimens, which are very numerous, and 
contain patterns of all the papers in ordinary use, are 
several descriptions manufactured for the occasion, of a 
very superior character, and possessing improvedqualities.] 



1 50 Miller & Richard, Edinburgh — Founders. 

A specimen of the smallest types ever manufactured in 
this country, cut and cast expressly for the Great Ex- 
hibition. The whole of Grav's " Elegv," consisting of 
thirty -two verses, is contained in two columns, 3} inches 
deep. 

151 Austin, Wiluax, 5 Famival*8 Inn Place — 

Manufacturer. 
Fancy boxes, &c. 

152 Burks, Thomas H., Bull Head Court, Newgate 

Street — Producer. 
Fancy stationery. 



153 Hampson, B., 14 Fountain Street, Matichester — 

Manufacturer. 

Labels, tickets, &c., used to ornament manufactured 
goods. 

154 Specimens of Books and Tracts of the Reu- 
Giuus Tract Society, instituted 1799. Depositoritf, 
56 Paternoster Row, 65 St. Paul's Chiirchyard, and 
164 Piccadilly. Treasurer, John Gumey Hoare, Esq.; 
Honorary Secretaries, Rev. W. W. Champneys, M.A., 
and Rev. Ebenezer Henderson, D.D. Corresponding 
Secretary, Mr. Jones. 

The Society was formed to promote the eircalation of 
religious books and treatises in foreign countries, as well 
as throughout the British dominions. It constitutes a 
Christian union of members of the Established Church 
and of Protestant dissenters. It has printed important 
tracts and books in about 110 languages; its annual 
circulation from the Depository in London, and from 
various foreign auxiliaries, amounts to about 24,000,000; 
its receipts, for sales and benevolent objects, to more 
than 62,000/. ; and its total distribution to March, 1851, 
including the issues of its affiliated societies, to about 
549,000,000 of copies of its publications. There are now 
about 4,743 English publications, besides several hundred 
in foreign languages, on its catalogue. These works are 
varied in size and contents, and suited to different classes 
of the commimity. Several books and tracts specially 
designed to improve and commemorate the Great £xhi> 
bition have been issued in English, French, (German, and 
Italian. By a carefully arranged system in the concenis 
of the Depository, the sale of the publications is made to 
cover all the expenses of producing them, and of the 
necessary establishment of Uie Society. Thus the whole 
of the subscriptions, donations, and contributions is 
applied to the gratuitous circulation of its publications, 
without any deduction or chai^ whatever. In aid of 
home and foreign benevolent objects, the Society receives 
about 6,560/. per annum, while its grants during the 
past year were 8,560/., being 2,000/. beyond the receipts. 
The Committee have supplied 3,028 libraries, at half- 
price, to National, British, Parochial, Day, and Sunday 
Schools, which were imable to pay the full amount. 
The total grants of libraries, for various interesting 
objects, amount to 6,055. 

The Society has translated, printed, and circulated 
works in the following languages : — 

Western Europe. — English, Welsh, Gaelic, Irish in 
native characters, Irish in Roman characters, Manks, 
French, Breton, Spanish, Portuguese. 

Northern Europe, — Icelandic, Swedish, Lapponese, Fin- 
nish, Danish, Norwegian. 

Russim Empire. — Russ, Revel Esthonian, Dorpat Estho- 
nian, Lettish, Tartar-Turkish, Buriat, Calmuc. 

Cctitral Europe. — Dutch, Flemish, German, German 
vulgar, Lithuanian, Polish, Wendish, Bohemian, Scla- 
vonic, Magyar. 

Southern Europe. — French, Gkrmiui, Latin, Romanese, 
Enghadin, Italian, Maltese, Modem Greek, Albanian, 
Turkish, Turkish in Greek character, Turkish in Ar- 
menian characters, Moldavian, Bulgarian, Syriac. 

Caucasum and Border Countries. — Geoigian, Geoigian 
vulgar, ancient and modem Armenian. 

Semitic Jxmguages, 4'C' — Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Pendc. 

India. — Sanscrit, Hindustani, Urdu in Roman charac- 
ters, Bengali, Bengali -Anglo, Oriya, Hindu!, Nagree, 
Teloogu, Canarese, Tamil, MalayaJim, Tulu, Mahratta, 
Gujaratti, Cingalese, Indo-Portuguese. 

China and Indo-Chinese Countries. — Chinese, Assamese, 
Shyam Nagas, Burmese, Peguan, Talcing, Karen, 
Siamese, Laos, Cambodian, Cochin -Chinese, Loo-Chooan, 
Japanese, Corean. 

Hither Polynesia. — Malay in Roman characters, Malay 
in Arabic, Malay Low, Buggis, Di^ak, Javanese, Madurese. 

Further Polynesia. — Hawaian, l\diitian, Rarotongan, 
Tonga, Samoan, New Zealand. 

For Africa. — Malagasy, Sechuana, Kaffir, Isubu, Am- 
haric, Spanish Hebrew. 



IDOX.] 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



647 



tnrica. — Kaiif, Moequito, Greenlandish Esquimaux, 
.wk, Ojibbewa. 

irough the dismtereeted agency of deToted friendB 
linionariee, of different denominations, several Ian* 
• haTe, for the first time, been brought into a 
m form, and a sacred character has been given by the 
tian press to the earliest literature of a people just 
;ing from a state of barbarism. As an illustration 
) extent of the Society's operations, it may be stated 
kmyan's celebrated work, " The Pilgrim's Progress," 
•een issued in 28 of the principal languages of the 
, Bp<^en probably by more than one-half of the human 
f. In some instances the work has been printed in 
n characters, as in the following examples : — 
McUoQasy, for the use of the persecuted Christians 
t island of Madagascar, thus : — 
la nSaingia tety ambony tany aho, dia nijanona tamy 
MTsna iray nisy lavabato, ary maudry tao aho, ka 
r; ary raha natory aho, dia nanonofy. 
Tahiticm^ for the inhabitants of Tarious Islands in 
»cifie Ocean, thus: — 

[>*a hahaere raa na roto i medebara o teie nei ao, 
ctura van i te hoe vahi, e ana tei taua vahi ra, 
atura van i reira e roohia ihora i te taoto i roto i 



» original of these translations is the following : — As I 
d through Uie wilderness of this world, I lighted on 
ain place where was a den, and laid me down in that 
to sleep, and as I slept I dreamed a dream. 
somen of Chinese tract, entitled "The Summary of 
kwpel:"— 



mm 









3^K 

Ul JfiL 

mm. 



' SwAXN, Thomas Francis, 43 Southampton Buiidimjs 

— Inventor and Manvifiicturer. 
■edmen of red marking-ink fur linen, silk, &c. 



Webb, William, 34 Southampton Buildings, 
Ch/incertj Lane — Producer. 
1 improved indtrtunent for writing >vith pens and ink 
-a copieij simultaneouisly. 



Hood, J. H., 25 lUd Lion Sqwire — Producer. 
|«n)ved portfolios, illuminated vellum binding, &c. 



Leichton, Jane & Robert, Harp AUey, Shoe Lane. 
^cimena of bookbinding, exhibited for novelt}^ cheap- 
and design. The process of binding is conducted, 
■ as poe«ible, by machinery, each bc»ok being orna- 
!d at a blow by an engraved <li».'. Designs by Luke 
?r. TTie covers, in imitation of carved ebony, are 
facture<l of papier ui.ich<5, })y Messrs. Jjickson and 
f Rathbone Place. Each cover bcai-s the designer's 



name. The book cloths are rendered waterproof by 
Leighton and Son's new process, and manufactured by 
Mr. James Wilson, of 128 St. John's Street, Clerkenwell. 
The silver leaf used to decorate certain of these books, is 
prevented from tarnishing by a new process, invented by 
Leighton and Son. The clasps, and other metal work, are 
manufactured by T. J. Guy, of Harp Alley, Shoe Lane. 



159 WoDDERSPOON, James, 16 and 17 Portugal Street^ 
Lincoln! 8 Inn Fields — Designer and Manufacturer. 

Specimen of an account book, in which the usual defect 
of breaking between the sections is prevented by the in- 
troduction of patent vellum cloth bands, which strengthen 
the book, without adding to its thickness at the back. 
The advantage of this new material is, that it will carry 
ink as well as paper; and it is stronger and thinner than 
any substance hitherto used for the same purpose. 



160 Gill, H., Dublin. 

Various quarto and octavo volumes containing sf^eci' 
mens of illustrated printing. 



162 Raines, T., 24 Great Ormond Street, Queen Square- 
Designer and Manufiactm'er. 

Specimens of bookbinding. 



1 63 Lewis, Mrs. C, Duke Street, St. James* s — Producer. 
Specimens of bookbinding. 



164 Watts, W. M., 12 Croim Court, Temple Bar— 

Producer. 

Specimens of Oriental and other types, in sixty -seven 
languages. 

The Lord's Prayer in Chinese characters, with the 
pronunciation of each letter; and a portion of the Liturgy, 
also in Chinese moveable metallic types. 

The Lord's Prayer in embossed characters, for the use 
of the blind, in two systems. 



165 Isaac, John Raphael, 62 Castle Street , Liverpool — 

Inventor and Proprietor. 

Registered cabinet in oak, for containing maps, dia- 
grams, &c., intended for use in general offices, and 
at public lectures. The handle, acting right and left, 
brings to view any particular map required. 

Registered manifold stand in mahogany, for holding a 
portfolio, and suitable for an easel, music, and reading- 
desk. 

165a Blackwood & Co., 26 Lotv/ Acre — Manufacturei*8. 
Bottles in earthenware and glass, having a lip or spout, 
for holding ink ; the cork is drawn by means of a ring 
attached to it. 

106 HodSox, J. S., 22 Porttuj.d Street, Lincjlns fun 

Fields — Pi-( )d ucer . 

Specimens of letter-press printing, in various colours. 



167 Caffry, James, 18 Palaec Ro'r, Anwigh, frelaml— 

Producer. 
A copy of a one-pound Ulster bank-note, executed on 
Bristol board, with a common pen; exhibiting pictorial 
designs of shipping, ploughing, &c., as a specimen of the 
caligraphic art. 

168 Lines, Edward D., & Co.— Phnnmers Bow, Fiddgaic 

Street, \Vh itechajK'l — Manufacturers. 

Blue writing fluid. 

169 Brettell, T., Rupert Street, T/aynutrht—Vroducer. 
Ahvmnforall nations, byM. F. Tapper, D.C.L., F.R.S. ; 

ti-anslated into thirty languages. The music comiwsed by 
S. Scbsiatian Wesley, Mus. Doc. 



Ci^BB 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



ITO Edihbuiuih School for the Bund, Abbry ffill, 
ICJiiibiinjIi — Prod uoer. 

Dr. Foulin'a tangible ink for tho blind. This ink, 
ftlthuugli perTsctlv Ouii], coDtnina h large qiuntity of loliii 
nutter whicb in depoiiit«d on the paper lo u to prenent a 
liighlf raised surface to the finger. Dr. Faulise nioou- 
•cript miuic not&tioD for the blind. By meauB of this 
inTentioa the wbole of the cbaractan in music can be 
represented b; commoo pins stuck into a pincushion, 
with chords run tlirough to repraaent the stavea. Dr. 
FouUs'a simple method of producing a raised surface on 
paper for the blbd, 

Mr. Oall'a typhlograph for the blind. A umple appk- 
ratuB to teach the blind to write. The invention issimple 
of application, and the writing is precise and occasionally 
elegant. Mr. Oatl's system of snthmetic for the blind, 
accomplished by common pins stuck into a pincuehion. 
Ita simplicity is Buch that a blind person can make bis 
calculations with a few pins on a pillon, or seat of a 
cbair, &c. Mr. Oall'a types for correapondence, by which 
blind persons can correspond with one another, or jot 
down memoranda for private use. 



171 OiLL, Janes, MyrlU Bank, Edinburgh — Inventor. 
Gall's trisngular alphabet for the blind, wbich, by ita 

similarity to the common Roman alphabet, is easily read 
by the BVO, and may be taught without previous instruc- 
tion. This alphabet is considered aa an improvement on 
circular alphabets, by its angular fonn^ the letten are 
rendered more distinct t^ the touch; and by the exclusion 
of the capitals, the attention of the blind is concentrated 
upon ae, instead of 52 lettara, and the size of the printing 
may be reduced. Volume, containing the Epistle to the 
£pheaians, printed for the blind in Qall's triangular 
alphabet, with the letters serrated. 

Qall's apparatus for writing by and to the blind. The 
blind can, by this invention, readily oorroapond by post, 
and can keep books and other memonnda. The apparatus 
consists of a stuffed &ame on which the psper is placed ; 
of a cover with bars to guide the linca, which are written 
from the bottom upwanls; and of small stamps, with the 
letters formed of common pins, which are pricked through 
the paper, and read on the opposite side. By means of the 
two reginter points on each side of the Aiune, and by shift- 
ing the cover one half line up, the paper is writt«n on 
both sides, each perfectly legible either by the fingera or 
the eye. 

172 BiXTm, — , Fromf field School, Fronu, Sameriet — 

Froducer. 
The National Anthem with music, on > large Bcale, 
for the use of scools. 



174 MoiB, ROBEBT, 4 Dunlop Slreet, Olasgoa — Inventor. 

Electro-stereotype plate for letter-press printing. This 
specimen is from a mould of gutta percha, taken from a 
page of diamond types in a screw press. The i^tta 
percha was lud on warm, the pressure applied ittmia- 
diatelj, and left on for fifteen minutes. When tbe mould 
was taken off it was brushed over with plumbago, and 
copper depouted upon it by the known proceoa. When 
the copper deposit is backed up with gutta percha, it is 
ready for press. 

The advantage of electro-stereotype over stereotype ia, 
that it will last much longer, and work much cleaner. 
The exhibitor baa woriced one of each together, and when 
the stereotype was completely worn, Uie electro-stereotype 
was as good sa at first. 

'Gutta percha plate to he used in letter-press printing. 
Flatea made of gutta percha from wood-cuts, will work a 
latge impreauon with letter-press; advantageous when 
wood-cuta are expensive, as the originals might be saved. 



Gutta percha plates can be made in a short time at a 
trifling coat ; and when 2, 4, or 6 are worked together, it 
will greatly facilitate the work, and teasen expense. 

Make a mould from a wood-cut by the method shove 
described; brush it over with plumbago; lay it on the 



the I 



oould. 



[This process t^ipears to offer many advantages, if tbe 
practical difficulties of completely covering the impreasioni 
of the type letters, or the lines of an engtaving, with i^um- 
bago, are not too great. The gutta percha plate, bung 
properly prei>ared, is connected with the voltaic battery, 
and placed in a solution of the sulphate of copper, whii^ 
then undergoing electro-chemical decompontion, deposits 
pure copper in all tbe lines and over the entire siir&os. 
It would appear, if lead was used instead of gutta p«seha 
for backing the plate, that it would be better fitted for 
printing than when gutta percha is employed. — K. H.] 



175 yf TUi, J iUEB, Charing Cna East, iSiWett Slraad, 

2 Royat Erchange, and the Q-rtat Gtohe, Leiccttof 

Syiwrr— Producer. 

A General Atlas, containing 67 maps, of the varioos 

parts of the world, showing their respective phjneal and 

Cliticsl features, including the recent discoveries. Co- 
mbier folio, full-coloured, and half-bound in Rnna. 

A General Atlas, being a useful selection from the pre- 
ceding. Full -coloured; 41 maps. 

An Atlas of the World, comprehending 52 separate maps 
of ita various countries, constructed and drawn frwn 
the latest astronomical and geographical obeervations. 
Imperial quarto, coloured, and handsomely half-bound. 

School Atlss, with a copious index, containing up- 
wards of H,000 names of places. 

Popular Atlas, containuig 48 maps of the various parts 
of the Fflobe, with letter-press description to aocompany 
each map. The World, on Mercator's projection. A 
new m^i, contoiniiig the most recent geographical infonn- 
ation, and constructed upon a new prmople ; 4 large 
sheeta. The World, on Mercator's projection ; coloured, 
large sheet, 
eneral Map o 

ta; divided i . . „ . . 

showing tbe great roads, railrosda, physical features, &c. 
Six abeets. 

Poat Roada of Germany, and the adjacent States, witk 
the posts marked, the railroads, the sea-packet routes, 
and the internal steam navi^^tion. Two sheeta, in cues. 

The British Isles, with the topographical and pbysical 
features; the lines of railway, their primary and intar- 
mediate stations; the land and water communicatiooi of 
the countries; and tbe iteam-packet routes, with the 
distance from port to port. Compiled&omthaOrdaaace 
Survey. Two sheeta. 

England, Wales, and the greater part of Sootlsad, > 
Railway and Topognphicat Map, drawn trota tjw tri- 
angulation of the Ordnance Survey, and the survey* ef 
the Railway Companies, and other sources of informatioii, 
showing the lines oF railways, the inland navigatjcHi, tlis 
great and croas roads, cities, market towns, and villsg•^ 
with the physical features. Four sheets. 

Plan of London and Westminster, with the Bonnigk 
of Southwark, including the adjaoent suburbs, with ill 
the additions and improvements to the present time, 
reduced from the large survey, with an alphabetical bt 
of the principal atreets, squares, public buildings, &«., 
and re»rence to their situation on the plan ; also a 
statistical table of the population, &c. Two sheets. 

New Map of London, extending from Holloway to 
Camberwell, and from Kensington to the lUver Lea. 
One sheet. 

Msp of the countnr S5 roiloa round London, upon s 
scale of 1 inch to the mile, showing the turnpike and 



crosS'roiKts, railroads and s 



rive™, woods, < 



KlTCBOM.' 



CLAiB 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



649 



of tha nolnlity and gentrj, as well as the 
towiH» Tiilagoiy ho. Four ahoeta. 

SoBtlmH, drawn from the topographical aiirTeyB of 
Jv^ Atnelia, Oaoatml Roy, and othera, with the poet 
!> » ■• aad oAoaa, the tonipike-roads (both direct and 
rnm^t, railwaja, and the distancea between each town, 
flai frncB Kdinbm^^» Two aheeta. 

Iralaady rad o crf from tha Ordnance Sunrejs. Four 
wipilad frtm Um most recent documents, in 




ihm latest aothoritiea, ahowinff the civil 
with polemetiical table of reci- 
One large aneet. 

ef Kew Zisaland and Chatham Group, firom the 

OM it ja ef the English and French marine, 

ihaarraAHNM of the offlcera of the New Zealand 

and from private aurrey and aketchea. Two 

with plate ef tha harboon, aailing direotiona, &c. 

SCerth Aaaraa, aihibittng the recent diacoreriea, geo- 
lEMfhaeal aad ■airtioal; drawn chiefly from the authoritiea 
«f M. da Hmaboldt, lieut. Pike, Means. Lewis and 
Sar Alex. Maciksoiia, Mr. Heame, Col. Bouchette, 
Taaeoavar, Roai, Pkny, and Franklin, Back, 
Daaaa, aad Simpann, and Kellek; alao describ- 
the boaadary Unaa between the territoriea of Great 
United Statea, and the Mexican and Central 



Map o^ tha ProrriDoe of Canada, with part of New 
to Hali&z, and the United Statea from Boaton. 




drmwD chiefly from the original menu- 

of lui Exoalleocy the late Cheralier Pinto ; 

la of the Bnudl provinces, surveyed 

J <M a |uini da Bocha, a mittiitrate reaident many 

intriaa; also the Capitania of San Paulo, 

Ferretrm. The Ute Spaniah territories 

from the surveys of El Padre Franciico 

Sohiariala and others; together with the most 

edited aeeoonte of thoae countries by Hum- 

8ehombai]^hk ; showing alao the boundariea 

Xew edition. Eight ueets. 

eoMpilad from authentic accounts of travels, 

and modem, including those performed 

patmnage of tha African Association, by Messrs. 

a. aMiSoi 



8tfB 



ooghton; alao thoae of Lord Valentia, 

IVinham, CanUins Lyon, Tuckey, and Clapper- 

Em. Barrow, Bowditch, Brown, Brace, Burchell, 

Sahy tiling, Denham, Landera, and Richardson, 

the naaiical sorvevs and observations of Captains 

sod Owen, R.K., Msisted by the reports of the 

sheate. 





Ifepe. The World, oo tha globular |>ro- 
tha moat recent information. Eight 
Eariya, drawn from the lateet documenta, 
_ ite poatimi dtviaiona, dtiea, and principal towna; 
Aa^ axhtbctiBg ite political divisiona, from the beat au- 
Th II II ; Africai* constrocted from tha most recent travels 
aothsBtic eo ur cea ; America, ahowing its political 
sod eooteining the reeeut discoveriea in the arctic 
in f*mr ah^^ets. 
aod Wslcs, drawn from the triangulation of 
%t0» Tfi TiMiaie Sorrey, and other aources of information; 
dh<viac th» phyaicml feataraa, citiea, and market towii«; 
ti 4humi with it« cities, market towns, and phjrtical fea- 
tvffw , Irwiaati, raduoed from the Ordnance Surrey, show- 
;:« ;te otMS, BMrkct towivi, &r. 
Twelve- iokch ^oljitm, omtainmg the mMern disco veriee, 
W pteiae of the •tars on the celestial globe calcu- 
Vtf th« p ta mt year; oo high mahogany stan<U, &c. 

A amft may be defloed as a pmjection of the unrfnce of 
t^ gU«he oo a plane •urCice. An the f>nii of the earth irt 
*4 a ephrrtf. it is evident that the only map 
tmly r«f«rramt the poaitions of plsont is that 
v{ a globe. Thai projection which C(>ii:ea 
te tha tnse renreaeotatkm of the globe i» 




termed the ** globular." On Mercator's projection some 
of the difficulties attendant upon circular projection are 
avoided : all the lines are right lines, and all the meri- 
<iiana are equidistant. The advantages of this projection 
are, that the bearing of every place is true with respect 
to other places, and distancea may be measured correctly 
fr^m it; but the spaces between the parallels of latitude 
increase as they recede from the equator, and in high 
latitudes the departure fh>m truth is great. — J. Q.] 



176 LovEJOT, Qeoroe, Beading, B^As— Inventor. 
Permanent, or indelible black writing-ink for public 

records, not affected by age or any df the ordinary 
chemical agente. 

177 Shean, W. F., U ffaUey Terrace, Cadogan Street, 

Chelsea — Producer. 

Class roll, or school attendance register book. 



178 Wilson, RoDii>rao!r, Whitehaten — Producer. 

The Descent from the Cross, executed in ten weeks 
with steel and crow pens and Indian ink. The outlines 
were taken from an old print, and no brush was used, 
the shading being performed with a piece of paper when 
the strokes were damp. On each cheek alone are up- 
wards of two thousand strokes with the pen, imitating 
line engraving. 

179 Galbraith, W. J. T., 26 Pennett Street, Blaek/rian 

Road — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Indelible writing fluids. 



and 



180 OWKN, HoftATio, Falcon Square—] 

Proprietor. 

Specimen of typography, being the speech of His Royal 
Hignness Prince Albert, at the Mansion House Banquet, 
together with translations into the German, Fktoich, 
It^ian, Turkish, and Arabic lang^iuges. 



181 Kbonhdm 9c Co.. 32 Patemoetcr RfMc— 

Manufacturers. 
A variety of fancy borders. 



182 Stephknso?!, Blake, & Co.— Producers. 
A various assortment of printing type. 



183 Davis, J.. 1 Duke Street, Xorth Parade, Bath— 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
New system of muitic, and general instnictions for the 
pianoforte, organ, |)edal har]>, &c. 



184 Reed fc Pardon. 1, 2, & 3 L^Kfirs Conrt, 

Piitirw>$tcr lUr^r — l*r«'ducor». 

Various njiecinienji of lett<?r pposs printing. 



185 Tait, W. J., Church Strert, AVi/^y— Producer. 
A variety of rtch«M»l outlines. 



180 Hvyit% TUw W. K.. UAiVr- cWiv, Udstead, Emx^ 

I*nKluctT. 
The Jubilee Almanark, f«»r a. i>. !«:»! : printed in gold 
on vellum, with p<H?tical illiwt rati* inn, in a frame and 
gl.ixeil. 

187 RaM!»at, Robert, -• iii,r>ituU- Piuf, Fdmh»uyh — 

iKssij^tT and Kxtvutor. 

Spivimfn «»f onianuMital ty|xn?r*pl>y' ^^»mpos«l of mar- 
l)lo Umlom. nilc*. Sec, forming a fr^mt view of Free 
Church College, Etlinbuigh. 



550 



Clabb 17.— paper, printing, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



FUkited 



188 Wason, RigbT; M.P., Contar, near Girvan, Ayrshire 

— Designer. 
PIani3, showing the method of rechdniing waste land ; 
on a new principle, applied by Rigby Waaon, Esq., be- 
tween the years 1840 and 1850, to an estate of about 
4,000 acres, formerly a wild moor without any road, and 
with only a few patches of cultivated land surrounding 
the house; it now bears excellent crops of com and grass, 
and will, in a few yeai*8, be all reclaimed. 



180 Barker, J. — Inventor. 

Casts from wood matrices for the use of silk, cotton, 
and other printers. 



190 Meek, 0.,2 Craiw Court, Fled Street — Manufacturer. 
Ornamental perforated papers, representing lace and 
crochet work. 



191 Tapperell & Innes, 2 Winchester Street, Old Broad 
Street, and Queens Arms Hotel, Cheapsidc. 

Ancient map of the Cities of London and Westminster, 
and the adjacent districts, as they appeared in the «arly 
part of Queen Elizabeth's reign. In this ancient map and 
drawing, the palace of Westminster, the government and 
public edifices, &c., are very clearly indicated. 



192 Whttbread, Josiah, 142, Oxford Street — 

Proprietor. 
New plan of London, drawn from authentic surveys, 
on a scale of 3 inches to a mile. 



193 Ruff & Co., 2 & 3 Hind Court, Fleet Street— 

Producers. 
Map of London and its environs, in six sheets^ on a 
scale of 8 inches to the mile, showing the division of 
parishes, &c. 

194 RiCKMAN, William Charles, 21 Park Side, Hyde 

Park Comer, and Pole Hore, Wexford — Inventor 

and Designer. 
Portfolio bracket, for the purpose of holding portfolios 
of drawings, prints, he, and exhibitinar their contents to 
advantage. It is attached to the wall, and is made to 
open and shut : carved in grenadillo wood. 



195 Besley, Robert, & Company, Fann Street, 

A Idersgatc Street — Manufacturers . 

Specimens of printing types. A complete series of 
Elizabethan or church text, i^dth initial letters of the 
Tudor period. Typographical ornaments taken from the 
remains of Nineveh and Etruria, court hands, Peraian, 
Syriac, and Arabic. 

Modem type-founders' mould and matrix, with types 
attached. 

196 Barritt & Co., 173 Fleet Street-— Vroducen, 

Specimen*! of ecclesiastical binding : — 

Royal folio Bible, carved wood boards, covered with 
Turkey morocco, without cut or join; metal ornamental 
mountings. 

Royal folio Common Prayer, polished oak boards, or- 
namental metal hinges, and clasp (the hinges and clasp 
produced by electrotype). 

Imperial quarto Bible, Gothic oak boards. 

Imperial quarto Bible, carved wood boards, covered 
with Turkey morocco, without cut or join. 

Royal quarto altar service, ultramarine border to pages, 
carved wood boards, covered with Turkey morocco; cor- 
ners and centre metal mountings, produced by electro- 
type. 

Royal quarto altar service, velvet; Gothic metal mount- 
ings, produced by electrotype. 

Sundry small Common Prayers and Church Services, 
perforated and engraved; solid- metal covers, Sec. 



197 Pitman, Isaac, 5 Nelson Place, Bath — Inventor. 

Chart of the phonographic and phonotypic alphabets. 
The Bible, &c., printed phonetically, and the TesUmeot 
in phonetic short-hand. 

[The phonographic or phonotypic systems have this 
peculiar principle, that words are written and printed u 
they are pronounced. Since pronunciation differs with 
districts, it i4)pears difficult to decide upon a standard, 
and if decided upon by one district exclusively, then the 
phonographic system becomes exposed to more objectioDa 
than the ordinary orthography. — R. E.] 



198 Society for Teaching the Blind to Read, 

Atcnue Boad, BetjenCs Park — Proprietors. 

Embossed books for the blind. The characters which 
have been made use of for letters are raised above Uie 
surface of the paper, so that the sense of touch may sui^ly 
the want of sight. These characters, which are repre- 
sented in the annexed cut, are simple in their form, 
being a straight line, a curved line, and a dot placed 
in different positions; by this means the complicaticHi 
of strokes in the letters of the alphabet is avoided, 
and the pupils are enabled with ease to distinguish one 
letter from another. 

Ab cde fc hi 

• D C ( c \ 1^ 1 I 

JKLMNOppR 
STUVWXYZ&c- 

- I > \ r • \ - \ 

LL SI FF TH SH PH CH NC WH CH 



As the finger cannot pass over a word so n^Hdly 
as the eye, greater fluency is secured by the use of 
contractions similar to those employed in short-hand 
writing. Many who have lost their sight in advanced 
life, and whose sense of touch has become less acute 
from hard work, have been enabled to read this simple 
alphabet, when they have found it impossible to dis- 
tinguish more complicated characters. An adequate 
knowledge of the system can be acquired by a pupil in nx 
months, and by many in a shorter period. The system 
was proposed by the late Mr. Lucas, of Bristol, and wu 
reduced to practice by the Rev. J. W. Go wring, in the 
year 1842, under the direction of the London Society for 
teaching the blind to read. The greater portion of the 
Scriptures, with the litui^ of the Churcn of England, 
and various books of elementary instruction, have already 
been published in these characters. 

Cyphering boards for the blind. The boards being 
perforated with square holes, types with simple cha- 
racters raised in their ends can be arranged in any order. 
Five characters similar to those employed in reading are 
used in different positions, each having a numeral value. 

Maps for the blind. The land is raised above the water, 
and cities, mountains, rivers, and boundary lines are all 
marked so as to be easily felt. 

(Geometrical boards for the blind. 

Specimen of embossed copies, used for iiiBtructing the 
pupils in the common system of writing, the paper used 
being prepared with embossed lines. 

Apparatus for enabling the blind to emboss Lucas's 
characters, and thus communicate with each other. The 
characters are raised on a stamp, having ten arms, fi^tUng 
into the aperture of a slide so that the letters cannot be 
incorrectly formed ; this slide moves along a h%i, and 
indicates, by means of a rack, the distance it has been 
moved. The lines are kept equidistant by the bar which 
moves down the board, which is retained in its position 
by a simple contrivance. 

A specimen of music for the blind, in raised characters, 
each character denoting both the sound and its length. 



Oum 17.— PAPEB, FBINTINO, AND BOOEBINDINa. 
AsuB P. 27 mi 29 i G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



bOH^ te tiM 

■d tka piMM ksn pi* to tMteii 

n* iMtttiMHtUM waMittTeatei 



o (if L-hiiractcirB in 



them in the 

by a point at 
ranted bj Mr. W. 



It th. 



Narlhrm and Central India 

— aimtlmied. 
BsnnlH and Endkh, Wulhnf 
uulJobn. 

«(R«iu.V 



■r. O^ of B^nlnirgh inTnit^ in alplubvt up 
■i^ etlkd "(1m triN^alw." •HoTakbla letta 
B grooTn, wira aftarmnls employed, bat mbui- 
A atriag kliaMbs^ like the ■' qnipoi, " or knotted 
^vn, tor dirtut wwiirninlcrtjon, mi propoBad. 
etkM' rtteMpti fur tUa pnipow mre made, unUl 
■Mtad the art of printb^ fn relief 1 Udiwu thBD 
• Hr. OtlTa MaBealar alphabet. By the lyatem 
naaa tlw nfetitlan of Domannia letteraia avoided; 
b M e rt « w am naad ; perttolea are moatly repie- 
y initial luUw^ a ijaliaii wbioh ii followed upon 
■Mt npaUtkn of a void.— B. Hi.] 



■BO, W. H., 7ray OmM, Jfonivtrw, Entt— 
DMgDarai '" 



AKam u m, ftmcut, Ghtgue — Proprietor, 
m in Ua BobM, fron Iba Utliognqili of the m 




tf Watorin^place, from the angntTiiw. 
*"|*^""g we Eiuiiioli, trcaa Browne • engiming 



i^ed with a e 
jndoi^, a deaf : 
n for Uie Education of the 



Q, in China ink, by 
pupil of the Qlaagow 
! Deaf uid Dumb. 



a AKD FORBfOM BiDLB SociBTT, Eart Street, 
Blacllfritirt—Vnd'uxi*. 

" J of 165 booka, in differBot Ian 



or indiiectly by the Society, uid of which IIS 
tranilatioiu nerer before printed ; and of which 
in t wen^-four mitlioiu of copies have been oir- 
daoa ita uutitation in 1804. 

BieeimeDa of four oditioni of the English Bible, 
the imnoveoMnt made between the years ISIH 
, in teferenee to quality of paper, printing, and 
at an average reduction of 6'i per cent, in Ibe 







Qmxwiaa ami Bordtr 

Gnrihii Nrr TiMuB«t (BhU- 

•lullal). 
amglui Kew Tstanwat (Clill] . 
AnDrotin TnUBcnt (Ancint 

mod Muleni). 
Anncnian TolUKnt (Andanl 

Aimenlui ToUninit (Modem). 

Tnunenl. 
TniH.CiiKulu Tutu St. Uu- 

thew. 

Aimnlu IVliiii. 

SeTnitic Langaagea, 
KcbreoNeoTnumenL 
Judso AnMc, Km booki oT Nn 

S;rkE mod C^dd Trit^Ml. 
Cuatiun Tnunim. 
SyTO Chaldalc Ompcli. 

Ptrsia. 
Ppnic Tnumenl (M«rtyn\ 



Hither Pot^Mlia. 
MaUy Nlil* (Ronis). 
Malay Blhlt (Anbfel 
NiliyTMuirBllI.ow). 

Dijak TeMameal. 

Further Polynttia. 



.Afr««. 
roptk olUi Aiabk, Pnliu 
CajHlc with Anbir. Omali 

Ellilsplc T( 



A,acr, 
' pHlmo. 



202 Harrisom, Ahthtb Pricbabd, 190 Wralfm Jioad, 

Ilriijhi-TH —Designer. 

Framed arms, printed and stained in blazonry coloura, ' 

gr.mted as bercditttry bearings to the nobility by King 

Henry III., dated la«. BoUofar -.-t — .. 



Li granted aa heredi- 



552 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



tary bearings to the knighta companions at the siege 
of Karlaverock, by Edwuxl I., 1300. Roll of arms 
granted by King Richard II. to his nobility, dated 1377. 
Roll of arms of all the Knights of the Garter, from their 
Instalment; plates and ancient records in St. George's 
Chapel and Windsor Castle. Tournament roll of King 
Henry VIII., a.d. 1510. Fac-simile of Magna Charta, 
with arms of the barons, &c., dated 1214. Death warrant 
of King Charles I., and of Mary Queen of Scots. Fac- 
simile of illimiinated prayer by Henry VII. Genealogy 
of sovereigns of England, with arms. 

203 Bell, Major G., 17 Cecil Street, Strand — Inventor. 
Tabular presentment of universal, historical, literary, 

and artistical time, extending over a siirface of nearly 
4,000 years, in 25 diagrams. 

204 Strangewats, John, 18 Barpur Street, Bed Lkn 

Square — Producer. 
New chart of British biography, from the commence* 
ment of the 15th century to the present time. 

205 RoTSTON & Bbown— Inventors. 
Specimens of bank»notes and bills of exchange, en- 
graved by a patent process, to prevent forgery. Various 
account books. 

206 Walton, T., King iCdieard VI. School, Birmingham 

— Producer. 
Outline chart of general history. 



207 Cleaver, William Jones, 46 Piccadilly — 

Designer. 
Oak and glass case, containing an assortment of Bibles 
and books of Common Prayer, and a selection of other 



books in ancient and modem bindings. Exhibited for 
the colours of the leather, general design, and workman- 
ship. 

• 

208 Spiers & Son, Ojrforrf— Designers and 

Manufacturers. 

Envelopes and paper, embossed in colours, from college 
and other dies. 

Models of six cathedrals, Osborne House, Maityrs* 
Memorial, Oxford, &c. 



210 Watson, William, 8 George Street, Pocklingtcn 

— Producer. 
Plan of the town of Market Weighton, East Riding, 
Yorkshire. 



211 COMBinTEE OF THE NATIONAL SoCIETT FOB PRO- 
MOTING THE Education of the Poor — Depo- 
sitory, Sanctuary, Westminster. 

Specimens of new maps of British geogn^hy, models 
of school apparatus, rea<Ung lessons, &c. 



212 Harrison & Son, St. Martinis Lane — Printers. 

Specimen of the cuneiform character used in the Baby- 
lonian inscriptions discovered by Mr. Layard, now in the 
British Museum. The first peifect fount of this compli- 
cated type ever cast in moveable and combining pieces. 
Designed and cut by the exhibitors. 

m Vi -M m} ii-K 

Darius. 




rex. 





WOVEN, FELTED, AND LAID FABRICS, DYED AND PRINTED. 



INTRODUCTION. 

arts of the colour-printer and dyer fonn the subject represented hy this Clasa. These arts have mado 
nt* imjiortaut progress during late years. At first, taught only by a long and varied experience, the impartor 
of oilour u'ad restricted to the use of a few comparatively simple suhstatices for the extraction of colour, aiid 
iU ap|ilication to various fahrics. But since chemistry has been allowed lo occupy a part of the atlentiou of 
llic manufacturer, a very dilVcrcnt result has arisen. 1'hc indications of experience are confirmed by the 
lachin;;s of philosophy, and in a large number of instances a vast economy of material, time, and labour, has 
Wn effectt>d. In addition, chemistry has brought to light new compounds, and new means of obtaining dyes 
imi mlouiB of ureat brilliance from a few simple com hi nations. It is consequently now almost universal to 
Sod that attached to the extensive works of the dyer and colour-printer, is a lai^e laboratory fitted up for che- 
mical investigations, and the processes developed in which are often the source of very great commercial 
rctsperily. 

This Class includes Woven, Spun, Felted, andLaid Fabrics, when exhibited as specimens of printing or dyeing. 
In the Sub-Class A. are included the Printing or Dyeing of Woollen or any Mixed Suhstancea ; li. Includes 
[ Printed Calicoes, Cambrics, Muslins, Velvet, and Velveteens ; C. Dyed Cotton Goods ; D. Dyed Linen Goods ; 
' E. The Dyeing or Printing of Leather, Hair, Fur, &c. 

The special port of the Building devoted to objects in this Class is that included by Areas L. M. and N. 
2 w 5, and O. 3 and 4. But throughout the Buildii^ specimens of tlio art of tlie dyer in the production of 
ll* nii"«l rich and lieautiful colours are presented in objects which appear, ]iroperiy, in other Classes. Tim 
Turkey-red calico and cloth employed in its decoration, and in the indication of its various departments, 
iTi'liiltii, Arc, form an interesting instance of this kind. 

'flie ]>rint-works of lanowhire, and ]iart!culariy of Manchester and its viciuitv, form the most extensive 
Kiircpn of jirinted and dyed arlicles. Glasgow, Carlisle, Crayford, Paisley, unit other places, also contain 
ini'irtant works of a somewhat similar description. Tlie oriijin of cotton printing appears lo have taken t>laco 
in the vidnity of the metropolis in 1675. 

During the last half-century, asHrprising development of printing in colour and dyeing has taken jilace. It 
i^fvtinialed that at its commencement 'the annual quantity of cotton printed was 32,8C9,T29 yanls. But in 
IW, this quantity had attained the enormous incrciiso of 347,4 .'■)0,29!l yanls; and it has since still further 
ianvaiiol. The (•rint-works of Lancashire, and other places, form a sur|>risini; spectnctu of the operation of 
cWmiml and mechanical prices on the great scale. That which was formerly the labour of weeks, is now per- 
f'lmifl in a iby. A piece of cloth is printed at the rate of hundreds of yards in a day. Un one side of a 
iii*-Line-rooai it ascends moist, with colour from the engraved copjier cylinder ; on the other it descends dried, 
n-iilv fi>r the final iinccsefa. The printing machines are marvels of iusenuity : the {latlern is applied hy tho 
en.-nicl surface of one or more copper cylinders, which have received the jiattern fri.-ui a sniall steel cylinder, 
''r-'niill,"cn|Qbl.c uf impressing several with tlie same design, and thus saving the cost of rc|iealed engraving. 
Al fir^i only one colour could lie applied ; now from rix, or even ci^^t and ten colours, arc applied in constant 
(uco.-xhiou. ' These machines perform their work with great accuracy and sliced, and proilucc all the commoner 
fat!"nia sef'U in liaily use ; but hand labour is still employed, even in these works, for fine or complicated 
Ri-irk, and more jiarticularly for printing mousseline-de-lalne dresses, &c. The goods thus printed arc cx|iorled 
ill iniHiense <(iiantities lo all jiarts of the world, a largo portion being also retained for home use. For foreiim 
tiiuntrit-R a certain i>cculiarity of chromatic arrangement is necessary, in order to render the articles adapted to 
the ta*ite if jiurchasers. 

Tii*- art of the dyer in towns ia a manufacture on a smaller scile, and carried on generally in small establish- 
ments devoted to that pur|>ose. But extensive ilye-woiks exist, wliicli are employed in iniiwirting various 
coioiirs to cloth, *c., on the great scale. To the pnis|itrous inirsuit of cither of thrsc arts, it is l>c;.'iuning to lio 
in'.rc and more widely felt, that an enliKhtcneil and |>lii!osfiphical mind is of the first consequence. And 
ihf riunilf-r, extent, and iinporlance of iiiany of the est ahlishi rents when.' they ntv extensively carried on, is a 
tTatifvii);,' indicitionof (lie present j>osition of those "ho are cicciipied In such [nirsHits. — It. E. 



554 



Class 18.— WOVEN, FELTED, AND LAID FABRICS, 

Areas L. M. N. 0. 2 to 5. 



[Umtee^ 



1 Evans, David, & Co., 121 Cheapskie, and Crayfoi'd, 
Kent — Manufacturers and Printers. 

Bandanna handkerchiefs, manufactured in India. 

British baudannaa, manufactured at Macclesfield, from 
Bengal and China silk. 

Spun bandannas, manufactured in Lancashire. 

Ladies' silk dresses. Table covers. 

Registered designs. 



2 Baker, Tdckeiw, & Co., 80 & 31 Gresham Street — 

Silk Manufacturers and Printers. 
British and East India silk handkerchiefs and dresses, 
printed in London. Registered designs. 

3 Liddiard & Co., Fridny Street, Cheapsldc — 

Manufacturer. 
Printed mousseline-de-laines, bardges, &c. 



4 Inclis & Wakefield, linshy Print Works, near Glasgow 

— Manufjicturers. 
Printed mousselines-de-laine on cotton warp; printed 
cashmere.i, balzarine.s, cottons, and jaconets; the dahlia, 
a patented colour. The designs are all registered. 



5 Andrews (Hugh), Sons, & Qee, 55 Friday Street — 

Producers. 
Printed cotton, muslin, woollen, and mixed fabrics. 



6 Devas, Minchener, & Routlege, 24 Latrrence Lane — 

Proprietors. 
Specimens of printed cambrics and muslins, exhibited 
as cheap and useful productions for the middle class. 

7 Welch, Margetson, & Co., 17 Cheapside — 

Manufacturers. 

A selection of silk handkerchiefs, manufactured from 
China silk, and India corahs, printed by the exhibitors. 

Printing blocks for the purppse of shewing the process 
of Bandanna printing. 

8 Wilkinson, William, 89 WatUng Street — 

Manufacturer. 
China cord " pongee" handkerchiefs, and China and grey 
twilled bandannas, British manufacture. India coralis, 
R[>ecimens of madder red, cochineal, crimson, and other 
courses of work. Specimens of printed and dyed work, 
in varit>us stages of manufacture. 

9 Swan & Edgar, Piccadilly, and Regent Street — 

Proprietors. 

Spitalfields silks, velvets, &c., manufactured by 
J. Balance & Sons, Stone & Kemp, and Winkworth 
& Procters. 

Printed nmalins, butterfly, rose and convolvulus pat- 
terns. Printed by Hargreaves Brothers. 

1 Law & Sons, 37 Monkwell Street — Manufacturers. 

Embossed silk and velvet. 

Specimen of cloth used for bookbinding. 

Embossed velvet and furniture-linings for decorations. 

Embossed grounds for paper-hangings. 

11 Crocker, J. & A., 51 Friday Street — Manufacturers. 
Harness woven muslins for curtains. Complete drapery, 

blind and curtains of harness woven muslin, showing its 
adaptation for window decoration. 

Pointed cotton for furniture uses; the colours produced 
by machine, and by a combination of machine and block- 
printing. 

12 Key3Ier, Jas., Latcrence Lane — Producer. 

Silk bandanna handkerchiefs in needlework style, 
flowers, small or Fichus; and a study, commemorative of 
the Great Exhibition. Printed at the works of Augustus 
Applegath, Dartford. 

13 Mair, Son, & Co., 60 Friihy Street, London, and 

163 Ingram Street, Glasgow — Manufacturers. 

Twilled bandannas and cambric handkerchiefs. 



14 McAlpin, Stead, & Co., Cnmmersdale, Carlisle— 

Designers and Printers. 
Machine and block chintz furnitures, upon cotton velvel 
and calico. 



15 HiNDLEV, C, & Sons, 134 Oxford Street — Designers 

and Manufacturers. 
Printed chintz furniture: original designs, English 
production. 

16 FosTET., Porter, & Co., 47 Wood Street, Cheapside— 

Manufacturers. 

British and East India silk handkerchiefs, printed in 
London. 

Block employed in printing handkerchiefs. 

Silk, thread, woollen, leather, and silk-plush gloves. 
Bandannas. Parasols. Ribbons. Fancy hosiery — polka 
jackets, gaiters, hoods, hose, &c. 

17 Wilson, — , Producer. 
Specimens of cloth for bookbinding. 



18 Welch, Thomas, Merton Abbey, Merton — 

Manufacturer. 

Printed cloth drawing-room table-covers, of various 
designs and colourings. 

Embossed cloth drawing-room table-covers, diflFerent 
designs and colourings. 



19 Walford, Richard, 27 Lawrence Lane — Proprietor. 

Printed silk handkerchiefs. East India silk manufac- 
ture, printed in England. 



20 Johnson, R. J. — Producer. 

Specimens of dyed goods. 



21 SwAlNSON & Dennys, 97 New Bond Street — Designers 

and Printers. 
Chintzes for dining-rooms, libraries, &c. Chintz, imi- 
tation of drapery, for wall-hsmgings, curtains, &c. ; of tree, 
flowers, drab leaves, &c. ; of group of flowers and ribbon; 
of the acacia; of group of flowers in rustic panel; and of 
birds and flowers, for drawing-room curtains, &c. Chintzes 
suitable for bed-furniture, &o., 26 inches wide. 



22 Underwood, William, 1 Vcre Street, Oxford Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Printed cloth table cover, commemorative of the Greiit 
Exhibition. This table-cover is represented in the ac- 
companying Plate 37. The printing of this cover has 
taken 223 blocks and copper-plates. In the centre are 
the arms of Great Britain, surrounded by those of the 
principal nations of the globe, with suitable inscriptions. 

23 Clarke, Enoch, Neate Street, Coburg Road, 

Old Kent Road — Manufacturer. 

An assortment of printed and painted japanned table- 
covers. 

24 Yates & Taylor, 42 Gutter Lane, Cheapside — 

Manufacturers and Proprietors. 
Printed and embossed table-covers, for ornamental 
table furniture. Shaded style of work, giving a velvet- 
like appearance, similar to needlework, from one im- 
pression. 

25 Thomson Brothers & Sons, 1 Mosley Street, Manchester 

— Producers. 
Printed cambrics and mousseline de laines, cotton 
warps, shot silk, and worsted; printed cambrics, &c., 
silk warps, shot silk. 

2G BuRD, John, & Sons, Manchester — Printers. 
Machine -pi-inted calicoes, madder and steam colours. 
Block-priutod calicoes, steam colours. 
Machine-printed mualins, madder and steam coloure. 
Block-printod window blinds. 
Printed quilts. 



i.] 



DYED AND PRINTED. 
Abeas L. M. N. 0. 2 to 5. 



555 



>AIjOI48H, VAUDOKEtL, & CO.,i>RJM» MtlU, 

Lamajtotcn, StftrlM^— Printen. 
prints and musUn printa. 

Steixkb PmiMTiKO Ck>iiPAMT, MancKesUr — 

Producers, 
tens of machine printing on cotton Telvet; eight 
produced by one operation, at the rate of sixty 
• minute. 

me on calico; «ght colours. Steam work, 
lens of maH<W work. 



■Lsox, Knowus, ft Co., 11 George Street, 

Manckester — ^Printers, 
and mouMeUune-de-laineSy crimson ground style, 
steam printing. 

furniture showing fourteen colours^ chintses and 
nta, idl the colours printed at one time by oy- 



ES, E., &Co., DiiUmg Vale, OUmop, and Manchester 

— Producers. 
f of calico prints; moderate in cost, sdanted for 
of madketa, and produced by machine through- 



Bfl, John, & Co., JfoncAeitef^-Manufacturers. 

ind Turkey-red TcWet. Black velTeteen. Drab 
. Drab euht-shalt cord. Black satins. Printed 
Ibert tweeds. Moleskins. Holsteins. Velveteens, 
un. Furniture yelveteens. Hock quiltings snd 
Kxies. Diamond and welted quiltingB and satins. 

lET, Chabubb, & Co., Manchester — Proprietors. 

ind printed cotton trouser doth, in imitation of 
possesses the i^pearanoe and durability of 
:loth. 

nnuf AV, Hehbt, & Sons, ilaNcA«t<0r— Producers, 
doth used for upholsterers' purposes, as cur- 
., so produced that they will not tamish. 
suitable for ladies' dresses, gentlemen's coats, 
for books, and embellishments of various kinds. 



LET & Craven, 61 Mosky Street, Manchester, 

prints, fast lilacs, madder colours; chocolate 

garancine work ; and two and three coloui'ed 

irorkfl. 

e of a new "resist" purple, that will throw off 

9, dazk purple, catechu, brown, or red grounds. 



WAsrwicK & Johnson, Maiichester- 
(i calico and printed muslin. 



-Producers. 



loTLEy Thomas, & Sons, 58 Mosky Street, 

Manchester — Manufacturers, 
d calicoes, black, purple, and whites; light pur- 
brunettes, &c. 

d cambrics, in all colours, suitable for children, 
i patterns for dresses, 
d moalin;}. Checked and plain jaconets, 
d mousseline-de-laines and llamas, both mixed 

Lne-printing is performed in the following man- 
i fabric is drawn by power over one or more en- 
:>pper cylinders, the lower part of which revolves 
•ugh containing the colour. By an ingenious 
aent, a blade of steel, or other metal, called a 
removes the superfluous colour, leaving only the 
ions on the cylinder charged therewith. The 
to which the fabric is subjected causes it to 
his colour, and it is then carried upwards into a 
a high temperature where it is dried, and returns 
rgo further processes of preparation. At first, 
» coloured pattern could be communicated to the 
nt now seven or eight cylinders are not unfro- 



quently used in the same machine, each applying a dif- 
ferent colour to the fSeibric as it passes forward, and each 
so adjusted as to cause the colour to &11 precisely in the 
proper place, so as to complete the pattern. Machine- 
printing is carried on to an enormous extent in Mandies- 
ter.— R. E.] 

37 Steimeb, T., ft Co., Church, near Accrington, Manchester 

— Manufeusturers and Inventors. 
Cotton fS&brics, dyed Turkey-red and printed in various 
colours. 

38 Leddiaxd ft Co., Londhn; HABOBEAysfl Bbothxbs, 

ft Co., Manchester — Manufacturers. 

I. A butterfly chints muslin, displaying a combination 
of permanent colours. 

a. A rose trail chints muslin, in permanent colours, 
in three varieties of ^und. 
8. A moss-rose chmtz, upon oigardie muslin. 

4. A bouquet chints;, on two varieties of ground, with 
combination of permanent colours, by Mercer^s patent 
process. 

5. A design of one-block printu^g, exemplifying, by a 
variety of coloured grounds, the nature of Meroer^s patent 
process, with the oxdinaqr colours. 

6. The same design pnnted by the ordinary processes 
and colours. 

7. A design upon lobelia crimson ppnound, showing a 
new application of safflower for dyemg or for printmg 
puiposes, where white is not required, uniting permanence 
with brilliancy of colour. 

8. Lobelia crimson plain muslin. 

9. Lobelia crimson plain cotton satin. 

10. Lobelia crimson and other dyed cotton velvets. 

II. Silver dove, a new mineral colour, not liable to be 
ixyured by the influence of air or light. 

12, 13, and 14. Designs upon various shades of per- 
manent plain colour muslins. 

15. A demi-chintz upon muslin, in three varieties. 

16. A second design of the same class. 

17. A design upon white figured muslin, in three va- 
rieties. 

18. A second design of the same class. 

19. A chrysanthemum chintz upon cotton satin in two 
varieties. 

20. A bouquet chintz, in permanent colours, in two 
varieties; upon cotton satin . 

21. A moss-rose chintz, of similar class and materials. 

22. A rose-bud chintz, of the same class and material. 

23. White sprigs upon black cotton washable satin. 

24. An Indian chintz, printed in permanent colour, 
upon Horrocks's long-cloth. 

25. A full chintz, also printed on the same. 

26. 27. Designs, showmg Mercer^s patent process for 
colours applied to machine printing. 

28, 29, and 30. Designs, produced by the usual method 
of machine printing and the usual processes, in three 
varieties. 

31, 32, and 33. Designs, to show Mercer's patent pro- 
cess applied to another style of machine printing. 

34, 35, and 36. Designs, to show the ordinary colours 
used in machine printing, in four varieties. 

37, 38, and 39. Designs in the floral style of machine 
printing, in two varieties. 

40, 41, 42, and 43. Designs in the foliage style of ma- 
chine printing. 

44, 45, and 46. Floral designs in the same style. 

47. A bouquet chintz, upon silk material. 

48. The same design upon silk, cotton, and wool, united, 
by Lightfoot's patent Duplin process. 

49. A butterfly chintz, upon the same material, and by 
the same process. 

50. A design, upon silk, in two varieties. 

51. A bunch of lilac, a design printed upon pure wool. 

52. The same design upon a cotton and wool mixed 
fabric, by Lightfoot's process. 

53. The some, upon cotton, silk, and wool united, also 
with same process. 



556 



CLAB8 18.— WOVEN, FELTED, AND LAID FABRICS, 

Areas L. M. N. O. 2 to 5. 



[United 



54. A lai^ger lilac blossom design, printed upon pure 
silk. 

55. The same design upon cotton, silk, and wool, mixed 
fabric, by Lightfoot's process. 

56. A robe skirt of a graduated design, assisted by 
graduated rainbow printing upon pure silk. 

57. 58, and 59. The same design printed upon mixed 
fabrics, of cotton and wool, by Lightfoot's process. 

60. An Indian chintz, design upon piu« wool. 

6 1 . The same design upon mixed fabric of cotton and 
wool. 

62. A full chintz, effected by only two block printings, 
upon a mixed fabric of cotton and wool. 

[Formerly the application of coloured designs to fiEibrics 
of various kinds was entirely effected by what is called 
block-printing, and which, in fact, closely resembles type 
printing. A block of wood or metal, or a combination 
of both, being engraved with the pattern, received the 
colour by the ordinary means, and this was then trans- 
ferred by hand to the fabric. For every different colour 
a different block was required, and in complicated pat- 
terns, Avith many colours, the process was excessively 
tedious. It is, however, still largely employed where 
great care in the application of the colour and sliarpness 
of definition in the pattern is required, but block- 
printing can only be remunerative in the better descrip- 
tions of goods, as the infinitely more rapid and ecano- 
mical process of cylinder printing has almost superseded 
it for the production of those of commoner kinds. — 
R. E.] 

39 Sale, John Nicholas, Manchester — Producer. 
Collection of shirtings, printed by machine. Collec- 
tion of cottons, printed by machine and block. 

Specimens of Irish Unen, bleached, printed, and 
finished by the exhibitor. 

40 Bbadwell & Adams, Ardtdck, Manchester — 

Producers and Designers. 
Printed velveteens, in different colours; design^ a me- 
mento of the late Sir Robert Peel, Bart. 



41 Salis, Schwabe, & Co., Manchester — ^Producers. 

Printed cotton cambrics, or calicoes. Printed cotton 
muslins. 

42 Beneckb, Willloi, & Co., Manchester— Troducen. 
Planted calicoes, muslins, furnitures, and velvets; and 

warps, after printing, manufactured by Thomas Knight 
& Co., Manchester. 

43 Andrews, Williams, & Co., Tipping Street, 

Ardwickf near Manchester — Producer. 

Specimens of Kesselmeyer and Mellodew's patent 
cotton velvet, as dyed by the exhibitors. 

44 Kesselmeyer & Mellodew, 23 Cooper Street, 
Manchester — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Patent velvets and velveteens, partly manufactured of 
cotton, and partly of cotton warp and linen weft, dyed 
and padded, various colours, and finished in imitation of 
silk velvet. Cotton velvet and velveteen of the old make. 



45 WooDCROFT, John, & Co., -Sa(/b/rf— Printers. 
Velvet and velveteen. Cable cord. Fancy elastic 

^r..^^' ^^^^^' Satintop. DiagomU tweed. 
CoMtitution cord. Fancy cut thickset c^, and tabby 
• ;"7^^^ grey ^ from the loom, and spechnens of each 
prmted m various patterns and colours. 



46 Greenwood & Barnes, Trwell Springs, Bacup— Dyers. 
in^^tte ^^^^^ ^^^^, dyed Turkey red; varying only 



47 Simpson & Young, Foxhill Bank, Accrmgton, and 23 

Moslen Street, Manchester — ^Producers. 

Balzarines, barges, and mousseline-de-laines, mixed 
fabrics, and muslins of cotton texture, in various coak- 
binations of colourings; printed by machine. 

Cambrics in various combinations of colouringB, in 
madder and steam-work, printed by machine. 

Cotton velvets, printed by machine. 

48 Mercer, John, Accrington — Inventor. 
Specimens of cotton cloth, printed, dyed, and in 

different stages of manufactm^: prepared by a patent 
process. This patent consists in subjecting cotton, and 
other fibrous materials to the action of caustic soda of 
suitable strength and temperature, whereby the fibres 
become contracted and fulled, converting thin and coarse 
cloth into strong and fine ; at the SMne time giving 
greatly increased and improved powers of receiving colon 
in printing and dyeing, and also in making them more 
permanent. 

49 Monteith, Henry, &Co., 11 George Square, Olasgow-^ 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of Turkey red yams and cloths. 

Printed handkerchiefs, garments, furnitures, scarfs, and 
shawls, in Turkey red. 

Printed cotton handkerchiefs and shawls, in madder, 
indigo, and steam colours. 

49a Cairns, J., 9 C/iarlotte Street, Manchester — 

Manufacturer. 
Fancy cotton muslins dyed Turkey red. 



50 M'^AIR & Brand, Glasgow, and 23 Friday St., London 

— Manufacturers. 
Printed shawls. Long and square woollen fabrics. In- 
dian styles. Registered designs. 

51 Black, James, & Co., Glasgow — Manufacturers. 
Printed cambrics, muslins, mousselines-de-laines, 

Bardges, and other fancy cotton, woollen, and silk fabrics. 
The cloth is manufactured chiefly by power-loom, and by 
hand-loom weavers in the west of Scotland and north of 
Ireland. 

52 GoURLiE, Wm., & Son, 8 South Frederick St,, Glasgow 

— Designers and Printers. 
Printed muslins, on plain and fancy fabrics, manufac- 
tured for the home and foreign markets. The dahlia, a 
patented colour. Designs registered by the exhibitors. 



53 Monteith, John, & Co., 51 Buchanan Street, Glasgow 

— Manufacturers. 
Printed muslins and jaconets. 

Printed mixed fabrics, — silk and wool, and cotton and 
wool. 

54 Kerr & McMillan, 44 Frulay Street, and at 

Giasgoic. — Manufacturers. 
Two printed silk pocket-handkerchieiGs, exhibited for 
fabric and design. 

55 CussoNS & Co., 51 Bunhill Row — Manufacturers. 
Cotton velvets, dyed and embossed by the exhibiton. 

56 Stirling, William, & Sons, Glasgow — 

Manufiicturers. 
Specimens of Turkey-red dyeing and printing, on cotton 
fabrics. 

56a Bbodie, W., Asyhiin for the Blind, Glasgow — 

Producer. 

Specimens of work wrought by the female inmates, 
under the dii*ection of Miss Lamond : — 

Silk purses, long and round. Sofa and toilet cushions. 
Polka jacket. Set of nine fruit mats ; set of twelve doy- 
leys. Bread-basket cover. Smoking caps; pair of stock- 
ings. Babies' boots and carriage boots. 



CCMWK.] 



DYED AND PRINTED. 
Abeas L. M. N. 0. 2 to 5. 



557 



A pirt of the Holy ScripiureB (the Prophecy of Isaiah) 
is ruMd l«ttcrm, for the uee of the blind. 

Five boahel mekii, of first and second quality. — Hanu- 
httMwtd hj the blind male inmat^w of the same insti- 
teuoo, under the diractton of Mr. Semple. 



^i 



Ewims, OmB, & Co., OUugovf—MMnuhciuTen. 



of Turkey-red full chints furniture printu, 
|rurt«d by Uocka, exhibited for fiwt and brilliant colour, 
a^ arv et^, with beauty of deaign and execution. 
«^ ^ Turkey-red chmta printa, printed by 




of Turkey-red chints ftimitures, combining 
and brilliancy of colour with novelty of style 
md liswty ef demgn and execution. 

of Turkey-red handkerdiief, printed by 

ress aad copperplate. 

of Turkey-red handkerchief, printed by 
bUicka. 

Turkey red, which is re p res ent ed so largely in this ex- 
kiUt*(« in the hmgingi, banners, &c., is a dye derived, 
hj ft tedious pruoeaa, from madder. It appears to have 
aorjntad in India, but the art is now carried to great 
frnfmctian by many oootineotal dyen, and by the dyers 
■ftd cmhco-printera of this country. Peculiar circum- 
iUactoi, whether in the manipulation or in the material 
^mm D(H appear ascertained, have rendered different 
Ivmhties and manufarturers celebrated for the brilliancy 
c/ this dye.— R. E.] 



> Wa 



w, JoBiff, & SoKl, North Bridge, Halifax— 
Dyers and IVoducers. 

of vanoualy dyed two-fold thirties, worsted 



:,\* Hrrcv, M., 47 Hi^k 5S(rert, Cwr«, ItU of Wight— 

Producer. 

Hair, to show the effect of dye. 

Wools, showing different dyes applied without flre- 
Weei fur dying woob and woollen jrams (for weaving 
t^€h», carpets, rugs), and cloths when woven. 

H'lm. stained without the application of soda or pot- 
ash, to imitstite tortotseshell, the stains not readily affected 
cv damp <*r sea-air. 

Tbr marune criloun, \ 6, 7, and 8, were produced in 
^4 h^«<ari. and hj the application of fire-heat may be pro- 
4'iiwd in 15 mmutes from the time of its leaving the 
■o^fiirr's. 



i^ » Lit Uktu; H., 8 CUr^hnd Street, Mile End Road— 

Producer, 
of black -dyed silk. 



^1 Joraoai!!, W. D.. (H) MUUm Street, Cnpplegatt 

I*roducer. 
* *' ! t^zr^l sA 1 blick RfM^mens of silk dyeing. 



•J i'UAMirr. Phiup J., S/fitalJields^Vroiiucer. 

"^•w-isD*!!* uf FIik^IL^h fl«Mcy and womted yams, and 
?<«r:.ti «i>4. CMtum and lineQ yams and skein-sillu, 
U ^i<ti djM. in vahoufi colours and shades; scarlet and 
.- fi inuTa>n. 

T-^ ' 'tt'ta an«l linen cr>louni are from a new iim) of 
« &:> «-D fi •>«?!»« matter. The colours from chicorj' 
*.-w •,! j-rr^iMal ♦»nly a n<»velty. 

T^ ft.*«»^r »rr all from the dye-works of the protlucer. 



Rrv%oLJM, Saeah, & Som. TrmpU Street, Hackney 
It-mttl iVoduoers. 
of dkcin vilk dyeing. 



•>:a Haie, So*, k To., FrUtu Strret, Cheaj^uk— 
Manufacturers and l*rinteri. 
I'^ra^^A fiaitnels. 



64 McCaixdm, Gifremment School of Design, Manchester, 

Panoramic history of the calico printing of Manches- 
ter, comprising specimens of the trade since its rise and 
during its progress to the present time, arranged in chro- 
nological order, and illustrated by views in and about 
Manchester. 

Designs tcith Classes 5 and 6 on the North Wall, 
Avenues 28, 29, and 30. 



64a Bradbcbt, Qreatorex, & Beaul^ AldermanlHtnf — 

Producers. 
Specimens of wood cut printing for pocket-hand- 
kerchiefs. 

65 Carter, — , Designer. 
Designs for pi4)er-hangings. 

66 Hudson, Charles, Merton, Surrey — Designer. 
Designs for printed shawls. 



67 Waterson, J. A., 22 Ormond Street, Chorlton-on- 

Medhck — Designer. 
Designs for printed muslins. 

68 Kat, Henrt, Batctenstall, Manchester — Designer. 
Designs for mousseline-de-laine and cotton mualin. 



69 Fletcher, John, Altrincham — Designer. 

Design, 11 colours, repeat of sketch, 11 inches by 
8 inches. 

A smaller design, 9 colours, repeat of sketch, 8 inches 
by 6 inches, intended for block work. 



70 Oactthorp, — , Designer. 

Design for ornamental panel. 



70a Green, Harry, Melhury Park, Dorchester — Desisrner. 
Designs for printing on oslioo and mousseline-de-iaine. 

71 Hammersley, J. A., Principid of the School of Design, 

J/i inchest er — Designer. 
Picture in oil colours, showing the principles upon 
which floral forms are adapted to designs for textile fabrics ; 
exhibiting a central picture of a conipotiition of flowers, 
imitated from nature, surrounded by 2(H) geometrical 
spaces, each contjuuing a separate design, and snowing the 
mode of applying those flowers to manufactures. 

[For textile fabrics, natural flowers have been repre- 
sented under conventional forms; so that, without de- 
parting from the original tj^te, the cluiracter of design 
may not be pictorial. The pattoni?) of Eastern Chintzes 
are but fantastic imitations of flowers; and the pure taste 
of ancient Greece discanleil from female dress all orna- 
ment but that of a flat character : where borders of the 
vine or i\'y-leaf, or of the hone\-suckle, have l»een adopted, 
they are flat. The orient4il Cachiuere style, the stuffs 
and carfietrt of Pernia and Turkey, the Tartan of the 
Scot, the Aralie«qucs of ancient Rome An<l Moorish de- 
coration, while lulnuttin^ t»f evrry variety or Ixwuty in 
deHJ^i or c«»lour, arc exainpleM of a flat, a^ op{)osed to a 
relievo*!, pictorial Htyle of onuunent - K. Hk.] 

7*J Wateruocm:, Jonathan, .l/.i«rAo/<-*— Pattern 

IKvijimT. 

Ornamental doHJ^ni for a dress skirt, applicable for 
printing; u|>on fabrics. 

ColouriMl de«*i^iJ«, arnuige*! for seven ineh rvi»t*t of 
i»ket*h, »ilApt4*«l for iiuu hiiie printing on fabric*: Spring. 
r*«pre»«ente«l by the nnowdr<»|»; Siinuner, laburnum; 
Autumn, luvturtium; Winter, ini<*letoe ; Morning and 
Kvening, |»<»|»py 

7.'l Pkrcivai. Jo^i.rii. M »« 'u^.'t. iKwigiier. 
De«(igUrt for nioU'«*«'lin«* 4le l.iine. 



74 ('\!»MAN, - , LK^igner. 

1) >'gn« for nm*lin'«. 



CLA88 18.— WOVEN, FELTED, AND LAID FABRICS, DYED AND PRINTED. 
Abbab L. M. N. O. 2 TO 5. 



76 Whittak^, Jaues, itanchtaler — Designer. 
Design for miulia. 



DesigDB for printed fabrica. 

81 RoBBTIs, T., Ifea Slrttt, jlfirincAflm— Designer. 
Sii five-calour designs for moueselina-de-lune; witli 



B8 MiNSBENBBi, Fbed., 83 BrtidSt., City, f 3* Adon 
Stmt, Gru'/t Inn ffoud— Dmigner. 
Chintz furniture design, practically uranged for block 
printing. 

9 Smith, Joan, Sandiicay, Allriacham, near MaiuAetter 

^-Designer. 
Designs for a portiere, or door-acreea ; and for machina 
and block printing on silk, mouBaetine-de-laioe, and 
cambric. 



block-woe^ enclosed in the same frame. 

82 Jarvies, — , Hiihne, Manchetter — Designer. 
DsHgna for printing. 

83 HoBBS, WiLLIiM, 3S GrettJaekioaStreft, llaliat— 

Designer. 
Design applicable for printed chintz furniture. 



85 Rges, Mart, School of Daiipi, Sonuritt Home — 
Designs in Tarious Colo jib. 

86 CoLUNS, F., ScJiool of TJetign, Soiwntt Hoiat— 

Designer. 
Varioiu coloured designs. 

87 A^HWOHTH, S. A., Ctitiral Female Ooeenment ScAoal 

of Dciujn — De«gaer. 
Various deaigns in colour*. 



90 



Hdnt, J. C— Designer, 
u designs. 



91 Heaviside, John, 30 Bedford Sqaare — Deaigner. 
Designs for China and papier macbi!. 

Designs for decorative paper and paper-hangings. 
Designs for cotton -prints, &c. 

92 Oi^VEH, UarU, School of Dttign, Mandtaler— 

Deugner. 
Designs for bordeis, in which natural objects are 
applied ornamentally; they may be used for w^ papers, 
carpets, or porcelain. 



93 Sandwat, - 

Various designs. 



, AIM, 



—Designer. 



94 Qamn, LoDlSA, School of Detign, Somenet Hmae — 

Deugner. 

71ir«e coloured designs for mousseline-de-kine ■ 





TAPESTRT, CARPETS, FLOOR-CLOTHS, LACE AND EMBROIDERY, *c. 



INTRODUCTION. 



^•«c of the objeela included in thii Claw pnaent, from tbeir ramarkable diHpoailion in the Building, k U^lj 
u-.-irtMc umI iDlfTEatint; ajifieuance, fiuiiended from the f^rdera ovor tlie GalleriM, and thus displaved to the 
^n'. ^Iruitacp, uiil under cinnumtancce the moat highly calculated to develop llieir peculiar beauties ; — the 
f—imna of caqieta, oil-clotha, aud tapeitiy mu«t be amiidered m oocupjing a verj prominent ipaoe in the 

TV ^^kiwint fiiili fliMia bare a place under the general Claaa, inclugive of tbeae and other articlel .■—A. 
Tifntn, aa C'aqieU of all kind*, Axminaler, Dnuaela, Kidderminster, Sic, Malting, Oil-cloth, Countetpanea, 
K.: .rnamrntal Tapntrv of diffeivnt materiaU ; B. I^ce, aa Kltow-lacc, made wholly by haod, and Hacbilw- 
••■uLi lacF ; C. SeweO and Tamboured Uuslina ; D. Kmbroidery by band and Diachinery, and in different 
t.itrTait ; K. Krinpa, Tuiela, 4c. ; F. Fancy and luduatrial Worlm. 

b ibc lluildinR, (ilijecta in this Claw are placed againat the wall in the South Gallery, and arranged in cues 
I) thr StMtb Central liallery. CarpeU and oi1-clotb« are Buaiiendcd from the prders in the Side and Centnl 
Calirriea, and in the Galleriea on Iho Eaat Hide of the Transept. ITie carpelH eibiblled by Ucr Majeaty tha 
tAmi are placed orerbanging the cumcr near the Transept of the North Centml (lallery ; of these, one is made 

■ ilw tMoal manner, and is intended for an anutment in Windsor Castle ; the otber is tbecombinod ptoductioi 
tf 'fw hnndred and fifty ladies, and is wrought in Berlin wool-work. 

n* mannfartoig of taueatty, locb as carpeta and oil-cloth, and laoe, is localized in [«caliar districts, in a 
naarfcahle manner ; Ridderminster, WilUm, Ulaapow, and Halifai contain exteuiife factories solely engaged 

■ ifar prodnctioo of the rariuns descriptions of carpets in ordinary domestic use. The applic»tion of the power- 
••e ti< the ctrfrt manufacture ii recent, and ils use is extending. A great variety of cnmbination of matariala 
* fiLiLiinl, many of whidi iiiihcalc a remarkable dejioTture from (he ordinary method of manufacturing carpets 
K<! i.T^ilar tAijecu. One o( these is a Ei>cdea of mosaic tapestry where tlic cut wool is filed to a gronnd cr 

Ii^uialkA (>f OHIUtcLoIIC. 

TI<r lace jimdDctiodi of tloniton and Buckinghamshire have long attdncd nnkcrsal renown. Tbete laceaan 
•r^T ■n.u;:ht by band at tbe bones of tlie persons concerned In their manufacture; liut recently a combina- 
i_it -4 i:.sfLiiie-malv lace and pillow-made ornament has Ijcen iutroiluceii uiidi-r the title of "apptiquiSe lacu." 
Tit DixIiDw Isfr iif Nritlini^ham lias Bcart!e!y an inferior decree of cclobrily ; in tltat town factories are in 
l:.>i riA*iaDI »ork [<njducin(£, by the aid of a large number of Ibc moat delicate and costly auloniatic engines, 
t^< •■•i^irT fal^. Id a ]>recedini; Class these machiueii arc deKcrilie<l, aud are exhilritcd in million in another 
!■.''' ' i :lir itnil-ling. In ibc Soatb Central Gallery are •omc beautiful cjiecimeiis of ibe iutricaU' and elegant 
''.tr^tiUli"n ajable of ln'ing im|arteil by these machines. Of the lace nuule by luuid various interesting 
rf T=xLf an- idiuwn wbicb rc)>resenl much jiaticut effort in tbe instruction uf the pour in iliia art, and cunsidcr- 

V -TLB which liave occnpicd the nnwearicd producer* during the IciBiiro boon of seme ywt are c^bil«d In 
'■~j Cjm, and dispby a large amount of indostriai pcrscvcraudi. — U. H. 



' bascB. ItAiasL, 61 OrfirJStrttt — Kanafactarer. 

•w-^i*n '.f H'lnitiin Ucr, TTi>rT*rntinc Ihn arms of Her 
'■ -'•' M^ V«-* ^1 H.K.H. I-rioo- AlUrl, «icirrl.-l 
> **-^f.* -4 |«J((i uxl ulJT« brazh.-lM*, arotjad wbich 
^ " thiatl', uhI ■iiaQinick Bra BDtwinpd, soil ii\v 
• • rsrl»vl in ■ ■•'Tilrr nf oak. I>aigiiKl by T. 
u.- icl t;.u'ifAi-tiinil by John Tuckrr. 
i* '-.-' 11 rvijiun tuaatlv. Btvlal Kmrf aiwl rjrh B-iuooa 
'-!- 9 Ucr; (lir |*tt<m mmtxiaw) nf natural flowFrs. 



^■i.'/r.) 



(''Tin. Liblkcnbirf, coiAiiv, Isfiut's o^i and mlW 
!-'<-• Irrr M a ipMiaMD ilni|pi. fur — '^'"g ladie*' 



FifRm t Robinson, 13 Viatlmg Strttl— 
Munifartiiren. 

oui" luunl'lii uf Muck nilk la™ ami jiii-CT 
lapf't'. hnlf >bawt», Iwini, f.iitlnKa. !.■• 



GaucroTK. C< 



imaE, A Co., 5 ^«r 

iiritrtun-n. 

irr U'nK.'». Ui'i-rlii, Ac. 



Hon 

Kiiil 
in tritiiriiiiufi*, iiifuttji' f^a|', au<.l cLiLJ'# frocki. 

Htic-kiiiKluuixihln' ixv. 

I*ce l-ilinw, with !«■.■ in i-rnRnni. .-iri.li.ylng Dpwsrda 
if Trial laibbin*. each h»mK ■ srjiuratu thrnd. 

H|iacuuaD uf lace nut for moiiiuiUi curtains, manulac- 



[Omnai. tucRsaixn CAtauocE.] 



IT. 



660 



Clabs 19.— tapestry, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Cektral Gallkbt. 



[QinrsD 



tured of cotton thread ; and for the wpplication of 
BruaselB and Honiton sprigs, manufactured from ootton 

thread. 

Needlework imitation Brussels point laoe, via. : a dress 

and train, a scarf, berthe, and lappet. 

Victoria prima point lace. 

[Few departments of ornamental industry have ex- 
perienced so many vicissitudes, in consequence of the in- 
troduction of mechanical power, as that of the laoe manu- 
facture. The lace of Honiton, in Devon, has long rivalled 
the most beautiful and costly productions of the Continent. 
At one period during the last war, veils of Honiton laoe 
sold for very lai^ sums, as much as 100 guineas having 
been paid for fine specimens. Honiton laoe is entirely 
made on the pillow by hand labour.] 

4 Lambert & Bubt, Limerick, Ireland — Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of lace; shaded lace flounce; shawl; and 
woriced scarf, in imitation of Valenciennes; shaded tunic 
lace dress. _____^__________ 

6 HowEix, James, & Co., 5, 7, & 9 BegerU Str^et-- 

Producers. 

Honiton laoe, square in guipure. 

Honiton guipure lace mantle and berthe, 

Briti^ point lace berthe, manufactured at Islington, 
being an imitation of the Brussels point kraiguille. 

miite glac^ silk dress, embroidered wiUi bouquets 
of flowers, and silk apron to correspond, as specimens 
of English needlework. 

Brocaded silk in various colours, forty inches wide, 
manufiaotured in Spitalflelds. 

6 Wekdon, Fbamcis, Ooldmnith Street, City — 

Kanufaoturer. 
British point laoe square, and specimens of flouncing 
of the same fiftbric. 

8 Nebimcx, Sutebs, 10 New CavenoM Street-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Spedmena of lace. 

10 Laugher & Cosens, 97 Oxford Street-^ 

Proprietors. 
Quipure lace half shawl, manufactured at Honiton. 



16 Qabd, Wiujam Snowdon, 268 BegetU Street-- 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
British point laoe scarf. 
British guipure laoe berthe, a new manu&ctare. 

17 RiBOO DB LA Bbanchardiebe, Elbomob^ 106 iTiw 

Bond Street — Inventor and Mannfiactarer. 

Crochet work, lace berthe; design, rose, shamrock, and 
thistle; Uie same, with rose, carnation, &c. Robe, me- 
dallions. Altar doth. Couvrette, flowers. CoUan^ 
various. 

Flounce, imitation of Spanish point laoe. Initial letters 
in silk, flowers. Vase, flowers, butterfly and snake. Cor- 
nucopias. Babv^s cap. 

Design, in silk and gold, for Prayer-book covers. Psir 
of hand screens, appUqu^. Specimens of point, and of 
point laoe. 

The value of this branch of needlework laoe is its dura- 
bility, and the fistdlity with which it can be acquired and 
executed. The designs are registered. 

18 CuiBMX, Jank, no BegentStreet — Manufacturer. 

Royal Irish snow point lappet. 

Head dress of Irish rose point. 

Scarf of Bel&st loop point. 

Chalice cover of Irish point. 

An Irish laoe flounce, with point roses. 

Hibernian point collar. 

A pocket handkerchief of Irish lace. 

19 Ball, Dumnicliffe, & Co., Nottingham — 

Manufacturers. 

Patent elastic velvet, plain and mixed pile; silk elastic 
taffeta, silk elastic fleeced tafieta, elastic fabrics, and 
Simla shawls; all from warp-laoe machine. Designed by 
John Wilkins. 

Lace shawls. Simla nets, falls, quillings, and fimcy 
breadths, frt>m bobbin-net machine. 



11 Wbedon, Frederick Pbice, 29 Lower Street — 

Islington — Designer and Manufacturer. 

A lace berthe of the description of work designated 
British point. 

12 Pullan, Matilda, 126 Albany Street, Begen^e Park 

— Designer, Inventor, and Manufacturer. 

• Modem point lace, worked with a common sewing 
needle. 

13 Tawell, Samuel, 16 Qresham Street West'^ 

Manufacturer. 
Tamboured lace scarf, imitation of Honiton, manu- 
actured in London. 



14 



Gould, J. & F., 89 Watling Street-^- 
Manufacturers. 
Registered Victoria lace work, in ladies' collars, cuffs, 
capes, sleeves, caps, and trimming for ladies' wearing ap- 
parel. Produced entirely by hand. 

15 Ublino, Qeobqe Fbedebicb, 224 Begent Street 

Manufacturer. 
White lace scarf, in imitation of Brussels point, 
composed of British plants and flowers in needlework; 
the date, 1851, encircled with the rose, thistle, and 
shamrock ; the straight lines of the border embroidered 
in gold, fmd worked upon a fine clear patent net 



20 BiBKiN, RiCHABD, Nottingham — ManufiaMstorer. 
Black silk laoe edgings, trimming laces, lappets, flounces, 

falls, fancy piece-nets, &c. 

White ffilk blondes. 

Woven thread laoes and edgings. 

White Valenciennes edgings. 

An exact imitation of r^ Yalenciennee-insertion, black 
and coloured. 

Mohair laoes and floimces. 

Guipure k dentelle. 

All made and ornamented by machinery, at one 
operation. 

21 Adams, Sam., & Sons, Nottingham — ^Manafiicturers. 
Laces and edgings, made entirely by machineiy. 

25 Hetmann & ALEXANDiai, Nottingham — ^Proprietors. 

Machine-wrought cotton lace curtains, with raised pat- 
tern; counterpanes; "antimacassars." 

Cotton extra twist Brussels net, made of fine thread, 
various kinds, used for Brussels sprig. 

Zephyr net, used for embroidery. 

Mechlin net, the mesh being the same as that made by 
hand, and cotton Brussels quulings, various. 

Black silk Jaoquard lace, made and finished entirely in 
the machine. 

Silk Jaoquard shawl, made entirely in the machine. 

27 Whitlogk &B1LLIABD, Mary Gate, Nottingham— 

Manu&ctuiers. 
Sneoimens of machine-wrought cotton Mechlin laces, 
neeole embroidered. The groundwork made frx>m No. 
520 yam, spun and doubled. 

28 Hebbebt, Thomas, & Co., Nottingham— 

Manu&cturers. 
Laoe of various kinds from the warp machine. 
Crochet laoe from the warp and twist machine. 
Blond edgingSy from the twist machine. 



J 



laACE AND EMBROIDERY, &c. 
South Central Oallsbt. 



561 



h BAMTton, Kuitmgham, and New Ba$ford — 
Mmnuhtetunn. 

of dXk l*oe, niacbiiie- wrought ; silk lace, part 
fHit iMedle-witNiglit; silk laoo fringes, ma- 

fHit marhina and part band- wrought; and 
lffimmm||B» maehina-wrought. 



Jf> 



^^^f^ 8amuxl» JTotfiiyAaai— Mannfacturer. 

goodai—Marhina-mada cotton Bmaseli neU and 
fij^xTcdby tha naedla. 
hoaicry goodi. 



Z\ Koou, SiAMlTB. Wbroit, JTooUry MUl, NiMwgha\ 

tfanufactttrar. 
yyarimroa of laoa and net made firom Ko. 520 laoe 
tbtmd, aad of plain net, made from No. 630 thread. 

7W afiplirafinn of machinery to the production of 
laor m rrtj rrttiarkabW and intereeting, as probably few 
atr-dactiuoa iif machinery to textile manufacturea pro- 
^ir^\ M> Midden an altaration on the expiration of the 
i*&rat pr> -tccting it, in the ordinary ooune of fkbrication. 
T^ >>bbi&-oet niarhina waa invented in 1809 ; it came 
oac c«prrml uae in 1923, and an immenae stimulus was 
'*«ubtuuoatad to the manufacture. The powers of pro* 
•ivt^iC of this marhine are to hand labour nearly as 
% • •• to 5, and the laoe produced by it has, in plain 
•r^iM, wholly aopciaeded that made by hand.— R. E.] 



23 



h HiCKLIJio, Nottm g k am Manufiusturers. 
white lace flounces, fidls, scarfs, shawls. 



4c. 

fSLaA laoa flounces of all widths, falls, scarft, shawls, 
I, Isfipets, coiflures, kc., partly embroidered by 
ton the Jaoquard principle), and partly by 



WiLixui, AWla^Aoai— Manufacturer. 

of black rilk laoe shawls, scarfs, mantles, 
hi.^ Mr . %ht prtkiluce of the pusher bobbin-net machine; 
introduced by subeequent embroidery. 




.'* 



^4 O 



h Horcaorr, SUiimgham — Manufacturers. 

artiel«9S. Jaoquard pusher ailk shawl, (^igured 
sImwU, falU, &c. 



4! 



:? i 



. HsxST. k Co., Xottmghean — luTentors 
and Manufacturers. 

, made entirely on the lace machine 
afiplication. 



4.S r^fmmawT h Sosa. lol Oraftam StrrH, IhMm, and 
JiArj Cmrt FiMTtory, Limtriok — Manufacturers. 

I.«na R«>Tai Irinh Kuipuro, Irish appliqutf; Limerick; 
: ark ftod lAck ax»pli({tii. 

X^tae d f iiiw m . ntmDctnf(«. stiuarm, scarfH, mantles, 
f* ikjM. ««iU. lirrthoa, hiuxlkerchiefii, sleeves, baby's 
fffjo^, UfifietJi, lace collars, kc. 



• *A 



4T \ Mon. KiMJLxWfSM Mabt JoaEMi, 21 GmiUe Street, 
H ttt-m t$xir\iem — Manufacturer. 

trt^^nal flrjwvn \n wool. Basket in prjrcelain, contain* 
si^ % ai ia S variety of woollen flowers. Cane basket, 
t^ ot*fWTH<r a ptaoe of grB«> turf with flowers. Rustic 
-4 flif/w«ra. 
yaooe uf the "green turf.** Application of 
•Ji* ermtm tiirf." or t^nirrrr, to a small carpet or nig. 
fl»>w«r -foots, fliled vrith woollen flowers, with 






Mia., Grt^ CiUtU Street, 
SDoking-cap. 



48 Janoowiki, W., York — Designer and Manufi^turer. 

State chair, of rubv coloured silk velvet, embroidered 
with gold, silver, and jewels, containing, on the back, the 
royal arms, supporters, scroll and motto, vrith wreath of 
flowers, in whicn the rose leayes are raised and detached 
firom the surface; and on the seat the coronet, feathers, 
scroll, and motto of the Prince of Walea, surrounded by 
the rose, thistle, and shamrock, exhibiting ten diflRnnent 
styles of embroidery: the fhone of the chair is of carved 
wood, gilt. 

Banner screen, containing the arms of the dty of York, 
embroidered in gold, silver, and silk, upon pale and 
blue satin, and mounted on a carved gilt stand. 

Picture, 18 inches by 12, copied finom a German paint* 
ing, embroidered in tent stitch with ailk, on moaaio 
canvas. 

49 Davibb, Mrs. R. E., 29 ITarewood Square, Begenfs 

Park — Designer and Executor. 

Set of cheas-men, draught-men, dice, and board in 
needlework, the men being in characteriatic costume; 
comnosed of silks, &c. The pawns are repreaentationa of 
Her M^esty's Body Guard of Gentlemen-at-Arma, in their 
full and undress uniform. Designed and executed by 
the exhibitor. 

50 Roas, EuZABnn, Pauler'i Pury, near TwconUr— 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
Full-sLsed bhu:k laoe dreas. Shawl. Scarf ahawL 
Veil. Berthe, made of black pillow laoe. 



51 Mix, CoHNKLiA, Bath — Inventor, Designer, and 

Manu£ftcturer. 

Banner acreen. The banner composed of the flags of 
all nations, embroidered in fine silks, held by a figure of 
Peace, modelled firom Canova's statue. The figure leana 
on a pedestal, and vrith the right hand pointa to the 
epoch of the Exhibition with an olive branch. 

Couch, mounted in white and gold, embroidered in 
rare natural flowers. 

Occasional chairs, embroidered on velvet, and mounted 
vrith white and gold. 

Curtains, embroidered on white Cachemire and stripes 
of crimson Genoa velvet, in uncommon and beautiful 
flowers from nature. 

(Cushions, embroidered in shells, from nature. 

These sjiecimena are exhibitc<l to show the a{^lication 
of ne«<llework to the decoration of furniture. The 
needlework of most of the articles is done from flovren, 
minutely copied fh>m Paxton's Magazine of Botany. 



53 O'Do.vxELL, Mary, 09 AonJun Street, Reodmfi, and 
18 S'uaex Place f A'ciuuv/fon— Designer and Manu- 
facturer. 

Specimens of a new and improved method of appliqu^ 
lace-work, original design. Section of the same. 

Blotting -l>ook, omaiiiente<l with Ivathcr work on an 
ultramarine ground, intertwining the eniblemii of ( Srvat 
Hritmn, Hunnouutod by the Prince of Walen's plume and 
motto. 

Articles of ornament in giitta pereha, leather, and fancy 
wood. 

Handscreeuji in gilt fnunes. New application of 
8tain|)tHl gutta (lerclia. IVesencd rval flowers and cm* 
bn>idery. 

CheviU ncreen, a pe<ir«K'k rmbn»i«len»<l in wool. 

Ctslar Intx. omaiiient«il with earviiig. 

ritraiiiarine l>os, omaiiiente«l with leath<»r work. 

ConverMitionhamlitcnHsiut. tMucational hand-screens. 

Countcr|>Aue, of new {lattem. 



5:. 



TaiunwiM, C. K.. *J7 CitK^tmi r.tni, Fxeier^ 
M.'UiufacturiT. 
]>evoni«hire, or Htioiton. |»oint l«co flounce, berthe, and 
It^tfiet; d««t):ui( proeun<<l from the Government School of 
Dcsigu. Somerset House, London. 

a X 1 



562 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Gallery. 



[Ukito) 



56 Onion, Elizabeth, 38 Broad Street, Birmingham — 

Mannfacturer. 

Velvet drapery valanoe, worked with gold silk braid, 
on dark crimson velvet ground, ornamented with tassels, 
drops, and fringe. — New design. 

Crimson valance fringe, in silk and worsted, omtk 
mented with hangers. . New drapery rope, rosettes and 
festoons, in crimson, gold, and white silk. New diamond 
valance fringe, in silk, ornamented with gimp head, 
hangers, rosettes, gimp ornaments, &c. Registered bell 
lever ornaments. 

Curtain holder, with one tassel and two pendants, in 
crimson, white, and gold. 

Ornaments for valances, in a variety of colours and 
designs. New patterns of com;h and railway carriage lace. 

Patterns of glass string, guard string, and other car- 
riage trimmings. 



57 Bbown, Sharpe, & Co., Paisley, and 18 Watlittg 
Street, London — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered and tamboured book muslin dressy. 

Embroidered scollop and insertion trimmings, flounces, 
collars, habit-shirts, chemisettes, sleeves, pincushion 
covers, handkerchief, and night-caps. 



58 Brown, S, R, & T., Oiasgow — ^Manufacturers. 

Specimens of muslins embroidered by the female 
peasantry of Scotland and the North and West of Ireland, 
consisting of ladies* and children's dresses, collars, caps, 
chemisettes, habit shirts, trimmings, &c. 



59 Park & Thomson, Oiasgow — Manufacturers. 

Children's sewed robes; ladies' collars, sleeves, hand- 
kerchiefe, fancy habits, chemisettes. 
Cambric and book flouncings; sewed trimmings. 



60 Macarthur, D., 8^ Co., Glasgow — ^Manufacturers, 

Hamilton lace goods. White dross; black dresses; 
coloured dress; black cloak or mantilla; white cape; 
black cape; veils; pairs of sleeves. 



61 CoNNAUGHT ScHOOM, Glosgow — produccrs. 

Specimens of sewed muslin. 



62 



Robertson, John, & Sons, Glasgow — 
Manufacturers. 
Sewed book-muslin and cambric squares for fancy 
covers for the drawing-room table. 
Specimens of embroidery. 
Samples of collars, habit-shirts, chemisettes, &c. 

63 MTarlanb 8c Porteus, 33 Queen Street, Glasgow 

— Manufacturers. 

Specimens of embroidered black and white muslin 
collars, chemisettes, habit>shirts, andsleeves for mourning. 

Black silk lacq veils, black ^nd white lace cloaks, and 
black lace flounced embroideired robe skirt, exhibited for 
superiority of work. 

64 Brown, H., 100 & 104 Virginia Place, Glasgow- 

Manufacturer. 
Sewed book muslin collars ; imitation cambric or jaconet 
collars; frilled chemisettes, on book muslin; fancy habits; 
three pair of sleeves or cuffs; four cambric handkerchiefe, 
embroidered on French lawn ; embroidered book muslin 
dresses ; patterns of book and cambric scollop, and inser- 
tion trimmings and flounces. 

65 MacQuari^ Fisher, 8c Co., Glasgow-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Black silk lace shawl, veil, and apron. 
White cotton and linen lace dress. 
White silk and gold under sleeves. 
Coloured silk and gold apron and parasol cover. 



66 



Macdonald, D. 8c J., 8c Co., Glasgow — 
ManufiEM;turers. 

Embroidery on book muslin. Ladies' collars, ch^ni- 
settes; habits, caps, &c. Child's caps and collaFiu 
Embroidery on jaconet and cambric; ladies' collars^ 
chemisettes, sleeves, caps, 8cc, 

Embroidered French cambric: ladies' handkerchief^ 
child's caps. Embroidered baby linen : infants' robes, 
bodies, and caps; child's frocks, &c. Embroidered ^im* 
mings; jaconet and book edgings and insertions; cambric, 
book, and mull flounces. 



67 Simpson, Miles, 5 Aldermanbury Postern, 4 
Milk Street, Manchester, Leek, and Derbif — 
Manufacturer. 

Specimens of the leading classes of raw silks, frvrn 
France, Italy, China, Ben^, and Turkey, selected by 
Messrs. Durant 8c Co. 

Sewing, netting silk, and twist, intended to show the 
varieties of quality,, their richness and beauty of colour. 

Sewing, netting silk and twist. 

Raven and jet sewings, in weight and form as sold in 
the market, of four qualities. 

Crochet and mohair silk, exhibited for quality and 
price, 

Shoe mercery, consisting of silk and union galloons, 
doubles, braids, and round silk laces, yellow and black 
borders, 8cc. Specimens of union cord. 

[In 1S49 the enormous quantity of 6,269,179 lbs. of 
silk in its several conditions of raw, waste, and thrown, 
was imported into this country. The manufecture em- 
ploys upwards of 33,000 individuaLs, and is earned on 
in nearly 300 ailk factories. The sum annually expended 
on silk goods in England is taken at considerably upwards 
of fifteen millions annually. — R. E.] 



68 Foot & Sons, 38 Spital Square — Manufibcturers. 
Various fringes, elastic ribbon trimming, &c. 

Rich dress or mantle fringe, with figured velvet, teny, 
and brocade lace heading, a combination of velvet and 
brocading, with the various branches of art used in trim- 
ming manufacture, 

69 Arthur, Ann, 5 Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square 

— Manufacturer. 
Silk, worsted, and cotton braids for figuring. Silk, 
worsted, and cotton fancy netted buttons. Silk fringes 
for ladies' mantles; gimps for children's dresses; girdles 
and tassels. Silk and cotton olivets. Silk military 
braids and frogs. 

70 Gabriel, J. W., 135 Regent Street — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of English embroidery, on silk and woollen 

goods for waLstcoats. 

71 Danby, Charles & Thomas, 14 Covet^ Street, 

and 43 New Bond Street — ManufBcturers. 

Crochet silk gimp robing, resembling the rose leaves 
and flowers, with buds, and made in the natmral colours. 

Various specimens of a Brandenburgh crochet silk gimp 
trimming, ladies' dresses; of girdles, in various colours 
and styles ; and of silk fringes, for mantles, dresses, Ac., 
of various new designs. 

Specimen of a new style of head-dress, formed of crochet^ 
silk gimp rings, and tassels of new design, and of various 
articles for lines' dresses. 



72 



BiLADBEE, G. W., 115 Newgate Street — 
Manufacturer. 
Needlework. Tapestry worked by Mrs. James Marsh, 
Lordship Road, Stoke Newington. Landseer's Horses at 
the Fountain. The Hawking Party. Anne Boleyn and 
Cardinal Wolsey. The Moral Lesson. The Monk. The 
Hawk. 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &o. 
South Central Gallebt. 



5G3 



A (nmp 



Ahud 



of flow««, motmtod as tablo or ■creen, th« 

flrted with flowen, Ac., made of leather. 

MowiittaH aa above, the item coTered with tram 



for 



ediiloeaaiid rooms. 

trimminga, fto. 



Etajo^ B., k Co., 24 Watlmg 8trmt^ 
ilaatdkctursn. 
boUioa, and ailk ornament fringa. Bell-pulla. 
8Uk oorda, gimpa, taaaela, and roeettea. 
Cor trimnung kdiea' and children's dresses 



• ;» 



; 42 Bartholomew Clote— 
Mannfarturer. 



SptcaaMB of deep balUoQ frinf^e, wore toahi^, trimmed, 
^ted for window, with cornice gimp attached. 
window, 
of omameotal hangers, drops, pendants, 
^iflsps, oord% and tassels for dn4>ery, kc. 
Ornamental watch hooka for beds. 



:< 



kCcmxKW, 70 LUtUBritam—MBnuhcturen. 

of silTcr-fih and sflrsr wire. Wirs-drawing plates 
Haaks and bobbina of gold and silyer fine 
Gold plates, or flattened wire, used in headrngs of 
Joths, Sootah muslins, kc. Gold and sUver 
ifl swnning gold and silver threads. 
of Itaoao, fianpd, and China raw and thrown 
djed to colours used in gold and silver 




of gold and silver threads, used in the 

of laosa, embroidery, and epaulettes; also in 

of dotha and muslins; of gold and silver bul- 

for militaiy and naval sword knots, epau* 

ke, ; at gold and silver purls, plates, and 

in embroidery^ and of gold and silver 

and gimpa, UMd for aguilettes, epaulette 



(^'Jd and «lver 
Fa* 



} 
A* 



&1 



of embroiderr in gold threads, purli. 
Designed and worked bv Rebecca 
to the Queen, 6 Lisle Street, 



TT !«■■ WosK Socacrr, 233 lUgaU Strtet — Producers. 

i, and other specimens of Currah laoe, imi- 

of Brnaaels. ^>ecmien of black a|*pli(^u^ lace. 

tnmnBQg, lappets, capa, and other specimens of 

rx:|mrr cyochet. Trimming and collars of reial guipure, 

old models. 

sod Tuscan plait, made from Irish grasses, 
» haft of the same, and specimens of straw phut. 

of crochet from Donegal and other localities, 
for drres or fumittuv. 
t«/4ttrt« «jr cxiplinA. frr>m Mm. Moran, Dublin. 
iS<K4 a«d white inlltrw Isoe, made un<lor the direction 
«f Lady Lo«isa Tiicbe. 
lUhiaae Isoe, mm\m at the Carmelite oonvent. Water* 

fjatf kflthtinir. fn*m various localitte«. 

EC^k mSk msttm^. knitted ami uette*!. 

4 \i^l • frueJL, braid imitation uf guipure. 

f\i^» frrjck. crucbet guipure. 

WjinBMKm awl trimrninjc. imitation guipure. 

^^tmcxumim of •tulifv>id«rv, worked an hlttnc^ from Mid- 
ijrf, a c'^Tvot, ami Mm. O'lKmovsn, of Clonakilty. 

•^^^MTurvtMi «/ embmiiletnr fnim the county Kerry, Mm. 
\«|i«r. r4 1^'uicherew, ami other localitiew. 

'^t Iff una of plain work from llallymena and tho 

•smn^ '4 woTen cotton hosierv, manufactunMl by 
Mmyth. '^f UalbrigjiTan. and M Ijower Abbey Strxft, 

ftflU ^ Imh wuul, fmm Oarbury, county KiUlaro. 



Specimens of feather floweri, firom the Toughal con- 
vent. 

Hair chains and bracelets. 

Specimens of trimmings in broderie Anglaise. 

Flowers and feathers from the convent of Youg^ial, &o. 



7S Clark, J., 56 High Street, ^racf/orci— Producer. 

Table-cloth embroidered with thread on crimson 
sarsenet. 



79 Lkeb, Robert, & Co., 36 King Street, Cheaptide, 

— Manu£ftcturers. 
Printed mohair tapestry. Plain, embossed, and shaded 
Utrecht mohair velvet. Plain and brocaded mohair 
velvets. Printed Chinese velvets of mohair. Livery and 
other mohair and worsted plushes. 



80 SORR, Joseph, k Son, 12 King Street, CheajmUk-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Silk twist of different colours, in balls and on reels, 
and in hanks and skeins. Manufactured at Leek, in 
Staffordshire. 

81 Hart, Gborob, 7 Market Street, May Fait — 

Inventor and Manufkcturer. 

Registered boxes, candlesticks, ornaments^ hand- 
screens, and designs for table tops. The novelty consists 
in the application of muslin and cotton for this purpose. 
The materials of British manufacture. 



82 Smith, Ahderson, 8c Co., 45 Cheajmde, and 19 Soviih 
Hanoter Street , Oiangoic — Producers. 

Infant's cap, embroidered on FVench cambric; infimt's 
robe, embroidered on fine nakiaook; infant's baasinetta 
cover, embroidered on fine nainsook. 



83 



; Brown, k Patrick, 236 Segent Street- 
Manufftcturem. 



Army and navy epaulettes, and uniform lacea. Court- 
dress waitftcoatA, richly embroidered. Masonic n^^ia. 
Church decorations, embroidered in gold. Cross, with 
crown of thorns, I.H.S., and glory. Fac-simile of the 
Bible used bv King Charles I., when upon the scaffold on 
the day of hLi martyrdom ; the cover embroidered in 
gold with all its enrichmenta, copied from Smith's 
" Collectanea Antiqua." 



84 JacRSON, C, 10 Otrzon Street, MtV(fair — Producer. 

An occasional table, mounted with appliquJe em- 
broidery. 

85 HarrISOM, T., 21 Brotmloic Street, Bedford Ro^, 

and 8 H'tlton Place, Brompti/n — Dengner and 
Miuiufacturcr. 
Altar cloth ainl cu^hioiM, ofrichcriniMon Genoa velvet, 
cmbruidertHl in g<»ld, tu tho Mtylo of the 15th century. 



80 SriaUNC, MaBY Askk, 20 ./«>An Strt^t, Be'l/vrxt Row 
— iKvij^iicr ttiitl MuiiufiictunT. 

A firo-Korct'n worked iu chouille, kc., formiiig an oma- 
meutiil group of flowem. 

88 Puaciax, FsAxCfa*. 3 .>>'• Burlimjlim Street— 

IV»Mliicf>r. 

A neodlo-worktHl table-cover. 



1H> Stcrmv, Maria. 8 nw/iiM/f'-n ."^/riv/, Lomilfm BriJg^^ 

T.iMe-coviT, a n»»vfl ini'tluMl of «>inbri>idrry, wofked 
with the ucvillo, oud without (iattcru of any sort. 



564 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Qallsrt. 



[United 



94 Barnard, Everelda, Little Bardfield Rectory, 
near Dunmow — Bfanufacturer. 

Two figures in Berlin wool work, intended for the pur- 
pose of keeping doors open. 



95 Barneb, R. T., City Road — MAnufacturer. 
Specimens of decorative floor cloth. 

96 Batters, Martha, 9 Roae-hUl Terrace, Brighton — 

Designer. 

Picture in tapestry, representing (in medallion style] 
Louis XVIII. and Qeorge III. 



97 Batkbs, Rachel Agnes, Cheahtmt, fferts, near 
Waltham Cross — Inventor. 

Knitting designs: — In the centre, the Queen Prince 
Albert, the Royal Family, and the Duke of Wellington ; 
around the circle "Ooa save the Queen;" with other 
designs. 

100 Benbow, Mrs., 11 Hanoeer Place, RegenJt$ Park 

— Producer. 

Three specimens of tapestry embroidery, after the 
ancient Saxon style; designs scriptural. 



103 Blackburn, Ann Marli, Beawnont Hill, Lincoln 

— ^Manufacturer. 

North-west view of Lincoln Cathedral, worked upon 
white silk, with the rovings of black lutestring, and 
manufiujiurer's silk. 

The frame is made of old oak, taken from the Cathe- 
dral. 

106 Bottom, James, 65 Brook Street, Derby — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 

A hearth-rug, with the border and ends formed of up- 
wards of 20,000 shreds of cloth, and the centre of lamlxs 
wool. 

108 Bridges, W., Ensham, near Oxford — ^Producer. 

Tapestry wool-work, " The Last Supper," after Leon- 
ardo da Vinci, containing five hundred thousand stitches. 

110 Brinton, Henry, 8c Sons, Kidderminster — 

Manufacturers. 

Carpeti of various kinds : — Patent velvet tapestry, scroll 
and flowers; white ground, flowers and leaves; cut pile, 
or super-Wilton, group of flowers and foliage in self- 
colours; dark ground, scroll and foliage; white ground, 
chintz, all registered designs. Patent Azminster velvet 
rugs. 

111 Rogers, — , Waton, TTtV^*— Producer. 
Specimen of embroidery — " Esther and Mordecai." 



112 WiusoN, Charlotte, OuHdhall, Broad Sanctuary, 

Westminster — Designer. 

Netted quilt or coverlid for summer use. 



113 Brooks, K, 2 Chester Place, Kennington — 

Manufacturer. 

Specimen of embroidery, descriptive of English history, 
exhibiting, in the centre, the royal arms; at the top, Her 
Mi^estys initials and crown ; on the right, those of H.R.H. 
Prmce yUlxsrt ; and on the left, the badge and initials of 
H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. At the foot, the ancient harp 
of IreUmd. The pomegranate refers to Catherine of Arragon. 
The trunk of a tree torn up by the roots was the baidge 
of Edward III. and his son Edward the Black Prince, and 
alludes to his name, Edward of Woodstock. The port- 
cullis and fleur-de-lis were badges of the Tudors. The 
rose on the sun a favorite badge of the Plantagenets. The 



open and empty pea-shell the badge of Richard II. Tlie 
feathers crossed the badge of Henry YI. The dragon was 
the celebrated ensign of Cadwallaaer, last king of the an- 
cient Britons, and now the badge of Wales. At the bot- 
tom the white horse of Saxony, the most ancient 
of the House of Brunswick. 



114 Brown, MIjARen, & Co., Kilmarnock, Scotland-^ 

Bfanufacturers. 

Velvet-pile carpeting; imperial three-ply carpeting; 
Kidderminster superfine carpeting. 



115 Bright, J., 8c Co., 22 New Broken Street, Manchester, 
and 20 Skinner Street — Manufacturers. 

Patent velvet-pile and Brussels carpets and tapestries 
for curtains, portieres, coverings for furniture, &c., woven 
at Rochdale, in Mr. R. W. Sievier^s patent power loom, 
which raises the terry without the wire ; the terry is cut^ 
and the pile raised by a patent application whilst the 
loom is working; and the goods are printed at one opera- 
tion in all the colours at Crag Works, near Macclesfield, 
by patent machinery, invented by Mr. Joseph Burch. 



117 Burton, M., Libberton Bank, Edinburgh — 

Proprietor. 

A shawl, a table-cover, a rug, and two handkerchie&; 
knitted on wires by an aged person. The pattern is 
original. 

Picture frame, in imitation of old carved oak, com- 
posed of leather and puttv. The design of the pattern 
taken from old carved work. 



118 Burton, Matilda Sarah, Aspringe, near 
Faversham, Kent — ^Manufacturer. 

Italian girl,'* of Berlin wool; in fimcy needlework. 



tt 



119 Calet, J. W. & F. G., H7n<foor— Designers. 

Diaphane, transparent silk for blinds, with design : 
Star of the Order of the Garter, 8cc, ; manufisbctured for 
the use of the Queen at Windsor Castle. 

Diaphane, with design: the Rose, Thistle, and Sham- 
rock. 

122 Cardwell, C. 8c T., Northampton — Manu&cturers. 
Pillow-lace — trimming for caps, collars, &c. 



123 EaoHTLET, J. T., Northampton — Mannfacturer. 
Pillow-lace for trimmings of caps, collars, &c. 



125 Caultield, W. B., 54 Coal Harbour, Blackball— 

Importer. 
Specimen of knitted lace-work, intended for a baby*! 
bassinet cover. 

[The poor children at the school of Ballycastle Qasj, 
north of Ireland, where this specimen was produced, 
have been for the last few years chiefly occupied in thii 
species of hand manufiebcture.] 

126 Chambers, Elizabeth Rebecca, Wiiton Square, 

Dtiblin — ^Designer. 

"A contribution carpet," worked for the benefit of the 
" Irish Society for Promoting the Scriptural Education of 
the Native Irish." 



128 Chapman, Elizabeth Annie, Great Bowden, 
Market Harborough — Producer. 

Tapestry copied from a painting by Leonardo da Vinci: 
Subject, "The Last Supper." 

Exhibited for workmanBhip, which is intended to give 
the impression of a painting, even when closely viewed. 



KiSGiKnc.] 



LACE AND EMBROroERY, &o. 
South Central Gallebt. 



565 



129 Clabxx, Eliza, Hockford^ by Betpham, Norwich — 

Producer. 
OoOar, in pcnni-ifciich, with crochet edge, resembling 
ipipure lace; collar, crochet and needle- 
; Bmmriin point-lace; collar, wholly of 
to iTory gmpnre lace. 



130 Clabu, EnvxB, 18a Margaret Street, 
CavemftKtk Spurt — Manwfiictiirer and Designer, 
nonnoo of Honitoa lace, fire yards long, in the manu- 
iKiore of whioh Ibrty women were employed during 
wgfatmootha. 

132 Cou^ T., t Son, 18 Newgate Street-- 

Proprietors, 
^tedmeos of Brussels, Venetian, and Kidderminster 



145 Daniel 8c Cosbins, 55 Herbert Street, New North 
Road — ^Designers and Ehnbroiderere. 

Black satin embroidered waistcoat; the design repre- 
sents Plen^, Strength, and Health, entwined with the 
national emblems, worked with silk in natural colours. 



133 GoLLua & RooEy Kidderminster — Manu&cturers. 
SpecimeDS of carpets. 



Hannah, Clonmel, Ireland— I>eagaeT, 
dresSy made of white thread. 



m 

In&nt's 



135 Cook, William, Cauempoy, Chippenham — 
Designer and Manufacturer, 
dolh table-corer, 7 feet square, made with about 
ftirtj thousand pieces of broad cloth. 



136 CorsLAND, Fannt, 15, Qreat Charlotte Street, 

Liverpool — Inrentor. 
8o£i pillow, crocheted in imitation of tapestry. 



138 JoxEB, L. v., 33 King William Street, London 

Bridge — Producer. 
An embroidered map of the United Kingdom, showing 
the chief towns, railways, mountains, lakes. &c. Framed 
in English pollard oak. Size, 3 feet by 3 feet 6 inches. 
Eiecuted by a girl fourteen years of age. 



146 CoNERDiNO, Mrs. Ida Von — ^Designer. 

Newly-invented knitting, the embroidery being seen 
only on one side. 



147 Habdt, F. C, 9 ^fount Street Crescent, Dublin 

— Producer. 

Specimens of knitting from Hackestown, County Car. 
low, Ireland. 

148 Davidson, WiLUAM, Lieutenant Bombay Artillery, 

Haddington — Importer. 

Embroidery from Hyderabad; adapted for table-clothfl, 
shawls, cushions, &c. 



139 CovENET, Mrs., Munster, near Qiiecnshorough, 
Carpet of thirty squares, worked in Berlin wool. 

140 Ceice, £Illen, Soham, Cambridgeshire — Designer 

and Maker. 
A reQ worked by the needle, exhibited to show that 
Uce may be produced by the needle, equal to the 
Honiton lace, and in the hope that it may be the means 
of giving employment to many poor needlewomen. 



149 Dawson, Deborah, Newtownbarry, Ireland — 

Proprietor. 
Cuffs, hand-spun and knitted firom the wool of French 
poodle dogs. 

150 Dewab, Son & Sons, Kin^s Arms Buildings, 

Wood iSfreff— -Proprietors. 
Table covers, of elaborate design, the first mixed fabric 
of the kind made in Spitalflelds. Designed and executed 
by Webb & Son. The number of cards used in the pro- 
duction are 3,000, the number of cards used in the Jac- 
quard machine 40,000. Chintc printed woollen table 
covers, and embossed. 

152 DiTL, Betty, 23 Charlotte St., Portland PI.-— AriiBt. 

Picture in embroidery— " Tasso's return" — in imita- 
tion of an engraving. 

The back of an arm-chair, embroidery in silk and gold, 
designed on velvet, in the antique style. 

Large fire-screen, embroidery in silk, chenille, and 
gold, in the modem style. 



1 55 Dove, Christopher Wesley, & Co., Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
Velvet-pile Brussels, Kidderminster, and Three-ply car- 
pets; with registered desip^. 



141 Cross, Mary, Paul Street, Bristol — Designer. 
Crochet counterpane. 



142 Crossley, John, & Sons, ffalifoj: — Manufacturers. 

Laige pattern of mosaic tapestry for the walla of drawing- 
rrvMni", with portiere. 

Patent mo«aic tapestry for the walls of dining-rooma: 
for carpet and table-covers ; and for covers for sofas anu 
chair?. 

Patent mosaic rugs: subjects, — The British Lion, with 
appropriate motto; the Tiger; and landscape, and other 
designs. 

Patent velvet carpet, with border and comers. 

Twelve different designs in patent velvet carpets. 

Pattern in patent tapestry carpet. 

Patterns in Kidderminster and Dutch carpets ; and of 
rtair -carpets of dififerent qualities. 

1 44 CuNLifTE, Sarah Ann, Saffron Waldcn — 

Inventor. 
Infant's knitted robe, consisting of 1,464,859 stitches, 
and 6,300 yards of cotton. 



156 DowBicciN 5c Co., 23 .\fount Street, Grosvcnor 

Square. — Producers. 

Carpet made at the patent Axminster carpet manufac- 
tory, Glasgow, for Her Majesty, designed by L. Gruner, 
Esq. 

[The production of the peculiar description of carpets, 
known as ''Axminster,'' form the principal manufacture 
of that town. It appears to have been commenced in 
imitation of the stylo of Turkey carpets, but a variety 
of patterns liave been produced. The Bame kind of 
carpets are, however, produced in other places. The thick 
and soft pile of these carpets distinguishes them from 
others. In the present example, a peculiar modification 
of the ordinary process of manufacture has been intro- 
duced, by which the worsted is thrown to the surface, 
and does not appear on the other side at all. — R. E.] 



157 Downing, G. & J. H., Kimfs Road, Chelsea 

— Manufacturers. 

Specimens of floor-cloth. 



158 Smith, Marta L., 24 Basing Ztim:— Designer. 
A design for a lace curtain. 



566 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Gallery. 



[United 



159 Ellu^ Sophie A., Kildemoc Rectory, Ardee, Louth, 

Ireland — ^Designer. 

Tatting or firirolit^, for ladies' wear. Berthe, pair of 
lappets, habit shirt, baby's cap, pair of sleeves, and 
collars. 



160 EcTSTACE, Richard & Jambs, 10 Weaver' $ Square, 

Dublin — ^Manufacturers. 

Turkey rug, exhibited as a specimen of Turkey carpet 
ma king, woven on woollen warp, the warp running through 
from end to end, without cut or joining, and being looped 
at both ends. Tufted hearth rugs, girth, roller, and 
suspender web. Specimens of linen mill band. 



161 Evans, S. A., 18 Charlee Street, Middlesex 

Iloapitat — ^Designer and Manufiicturer. 

The "Death of Douglas," affcer C. Landseer, in em- 
broidery, 

162 EvENDEN, Eliza Anne, 31 High Street, Margate — 

Manufacturer. 

Berlin wool work : design, Mary Queen of Scots mourn- 
iiig over the dying Douglas, at the battle of Langside. 



1 64 Flower, Ann, 25 Duke Street, Grosvenor Square — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 

Hearth rug, representing the star and garter, sur- 
mounted by the British crown. 

Picture, " Flags of all Nations," worked in cross-stitch 
in silk, chenille, beads, and wool. 



165 Faddel & Phillips, 38, 39, & 40 Newgate Street 
— Designers and Manufacturers. 

State bed, in every style of needlework, from onginal 
designs and selections from the decorations by Rafiaelle, 
in tine Vatican, and copies of the Aurora of Uuido Reni, 
and Night by Thorwaldsen. The valances are of chenille, 
representing on a fUit sur&oe the folds of velvet, looped 
up by an imitation of gold cords and wreaths of poppies. 
The curtains are embroidered on blue satin and white 
watered Irish poplin. The counterpane is a combination 
of these designs; the canopy enriched by garlands of 
flowers, supported by angels. The bedstead is of carved 
wood, richly gilt, in the s^le of Louis Quatorze. The 
matenals are principally of British manufacture. 

This bed is represented in the accompanying Plate 119. 

Patterns for needlework. — The Prince of wSes; from a 
painting by Winterhalter, in the possession of His Majesty 
the King of Prussia. The Choristers and Companion; from 
paintings by H. Barraud, Esq. Lady Jane Grey's reluct- 
ance to accept the crown ; from a painting by Leslie, in the 
possession of his Ghrace the Duke of Bedford. The sur- 
render of Mary Queen of Scots to the Confederate Lords at 
Ceurberry Hill; from a painting by Chisholm. Luther, 
MelancUion, Pomeranus and Cruciger translating the 
Bible. Groups of flowers for seats, prie-dieu and other 
chairs, cushions, &o. 

Patterns for crochet. Specimens of worsted yams. 
Purse-silk and twist; embroidery and floss silk; and 
grounding silk, manufactured and dyed in England. 



168 Fortune, Eliza, 101 St, Georgia Road, 

Soutkwark — Producer. 

Hearth rug, knitted by hand. Subject: the emblems 
of the United Kingdom. Centre : a dog. 



169 Franklin, Joxin D., 14 Lower Ormond Quay, 

Dublin — Producer. 

Printed floor-cloth, 16 yards by 6, woven in one piece, 
without a seam, oarp«t pattern; another, to resemble in* 
laid woods. . • 



170 Frewen, Elizabeth, Marlou, Bucks — ^Designer 

and Manufacturer. 
Lace collar, cuff, lappets, and neck-tie, made by hand 
on the pillow; in whidi an admixture of silk with the 
thread greatly improves the appearance of the laoe. 



174 Gardner, M. A., 22 Great Leonard Street, 
Fin^mry — ^Manufacturer. 

Mosaic inkstand mat, knitted in varied shades of Berlin 
wool. Miniature bassinet, knitted in double Berlin wool, 
with bed and cover. Chur-baok cushion, with weights. 
The exhibitor is blind. 



175 George, C, 33 Ojr/oft/ iSI(r«0t— -Proprietor. 
Velvet pile carpeting. 

176 Gilbert, J., 7 Charlotte Street, Old Kent Road— 

Designer. 

Design for Axminster centre carpet. 

17S Hbtn, Emma, 14 Gloucester Terrace, Gloucester 
Road, Old Kent Road— ^roduoor. 
Ornamental vase of flowers, made of Berlin wool, with 
the crochet stitch. 



180 Green, R., Lichfield. 

Folding screen, worked by a nun of the Convent of 
Mercy, at Birr, Ireland. 

181 Greenwood, Anne Christiana, Broohcood Park, 

Alresford — ^Inventor. 

Panels for decorating the walls of a room, painted with 
birds and flowers in the stylo of India paper. 



182 Grbqort, Thomsons, & Co., KUmamock, 

Scotland — ^Manufacturers. 

Specimens of royal Wilton carpeting; of Brussels car- 
peting; and of Imperial carpeting. The first design by 
Mr. John Lauron, London; the other two by Mr. Thomas 
Barclay, Glasgow. 

185 Hall, Andrew, Bank Buildings, Manchester 

— Inventor. 

Garden net, for shelter; and insect fender. 

Glass substitute for hot-houses, green-houses, and small 
frames; preferable to glass, as a slow conductor of heat, 
and having a more equable temperature under its surface. 

Canvases for embroidery, plain white, coarse, middle, 
and fine. Penelope, coarse, middle, and fine, with pat> 
terns of intermediate niimbers, and of coloured canvas. 

The above articles, with designs printed upon them, 
intended to be covered by the worker instead of copying 
a design frt>m print paper. 

186 Hamburger, Rogers, k Co., 30 King Street, 

Covent Garden — Producers. 

Specimens of embroidery and gold lace helmets, epau- 
lettes, &c. 

187 Bloomfield, Sdbanna, Poole, Dorset — 

Manufacturer. 
Needlework in Berlin wool: — Subject, "Raphael in the 
Vatican/' 

188 Hanson, Charles, Fetter Lane — ^Designer. 
Design for an Axminster hearth rug, in the Italian 

style. 

190 Hare, J., & Co., ^m^o/— Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Five floorcloth compositions, viz.: — One of chintzes; 
two of mosaic pavements; one of mosaic pavements; one 
of inlaid woods, and one of encaustic tiles. {North 
Jhauept GaUery, Eastern Side,) 



J 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &c. 
South Ckktral Oallebt. 



567 



191 



«< 



Mabtha, Ticickenham — 
Embroiderer. 

LmI SupfMr/' worked in fVenoh floes 



m 




HiBBB, QaoaoB, Ik Co., Siomport, end 59 iSbioio 
Mm, Lomdom — Mennfectareri. 
Telvei jmU oeotre oerpet, with border^ for 

ihitiited for deeign end quetitj. 
irpeiy wtthoat border. 

▼elvet pile eentre oerpet^ with border, for 
or libiwy. 



193 



I, 87 Watimg Street^ 



eetin e^roo end bebiee' cloak, Uwn pocket 
; eembne floundngi end ineertione; ell 



194 



193 



Habbhov, Joair, Haiifax, YorhhiM—- 
Mennfortorer. 

heMTth-mg; ell wool, need for bed-eidee, door- 
Ac ; superior for durebility, and fiftcility 
end djed eny colour. 



E. k O., 11 Edgware Soad— 
and Menufocturers. 



couTre-pied, British emblems, designed and 
Dew aifk oenTas. Italian boy, wc^ed and 
the Hermit. Deer-etalking. Joeeph 
hie fiuher to Fhereoh. Copiee of a painting, 



196 



HaBTKT k Kjnaar, Upper Marth, LanAeth^ 
Manufoeturere. 
of floor doth, pattern copied from a Roman 

at Aldborough, York- 



197 Habtkt, JoBf Keib, 25 Ely Place, Holbom^ 



rWaif^iis for Terioos kinds of printed fiibrics; and for 
end other kinds of carpets. 



1S»^ 



Feaxcis Sbaft, /STm//— Designer and 
Manufacturer, 
needle-work in Berlin wool. 



Vrk Hn—OinfBM, Rodolphb, 261 Regent Street-^ 
l>Daigner and Manu&cturer. 

5«w sljU of needlework, similar to the Gobelins. 

y«w ii a yw , executed in silk and wool, on cauTss. 

Jk«w kaidof canras for embroiderr. 

Faacat ele^ic draught, duet, and noise excluder, ap- 
p}aeaU« with i^lue to doon, windows, wardrobee, piano* 
f r%m, aod g l sia re e f e« A light substitute for the heavy 
o^ tiaed in Lwli«e' drees ee. 



2* • > Hcanaeo!! & Co. , /WArm— 3ilanufactureni. 

WUvm. or j>tl« carpet, in Raphaeleetjue stylo of oros- 
strni. 'A thm l*»th o««tury. 

HrtjNkrU oarp^, for drawing-room, cinque cento utyle. 

H'ilViO. fw pile stair carpet, regular five frames quality. 

Tard wvl* ingrain carpet. Yard wide ingrain caqi««t, 
■jx ^mtir^Mmi eljU. i>*in« yard -wide damank Venetian 
vM7«< Tsnl vide twillod dameek Venetian stair caqmt. 
Tvtiifld Vcoetian stair carpet. Fine Venetian stair 



>'l H ajmaso M Sc WiDSfiux, Aa^ftr.K/<'->Manufacturcra. 

P rijirfT*, fjT d'ww curtain, 10 ft. r, in. by .'» ft.; in ono 

p»«r». ik»c t«lT«t. Wbyt-«rk*« |iat«*nt. ' l*n»lial»ly the 

XIV 



mannfiertured on this principle. Styl* 



Rich patent velret carpets, with centres, borders, and 
comers; same style. 
Patent velvet sofa carpets, and rugs. 



202 Hatch, Caroline, Tunbndge Welh—Trodueet. 
Spedmens of embroidery. 



203 Hill, Benjamin, Ohejf, BuckwghamBhir 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens of pillow-laoe edging, suitable for collars, 
cuffs, sleeves, &c. ; and inaction ed^;ing, suitable for cape, 
sleeves, stomachers, Ac. 

Pillow lace, suitable for in&nts* cape, ladies' cape, 
dresses, and flouncing. 



204 Hnx & Co., High Street, WorceHer, and Greai 

Makem — Inventors. 

Needlework for ottomans, screens, hanging for walls, 
table-covers, chairs, Ac, of the following designs: — 

Panoramic view of the village of Great lialvem, Wor- 
oestershire. 

Sketch of Windsor Castle, taken from Eton College 
grounds, from, a miniature view by Baxter. 

Sunset view of the ruins of Tintem Abbey, from a 
lithograph. 

Two views of Witley Court, from ^ncil drawings. 

Portrait in miniature, from a painting by Leonardo da 
Vinci. 

Executed by the sisters E., P., S., and 0. Rogers, of the 
above firm. 



205 HlNi>BAUGH, Mrs. Maet, Nevcaaile-vpon'Tyne — 

Producer. 
Copies from Landseer's picture of " Bolton Abbey ;*' 
Taylor's ''Hawking Party;" Herring's "Feeding the 
Horsee;" and Schopin's "Arrival of Rebecca." WoriLed 
as tapestry. 

206 HiNDLET, C, & Sons, 134 Oxford Street— 

Designers and Manufiekcturers. 

Rich velvet carpeting. English hand-wrought can>ete, 
Turkish style. Fine qtudity in original designs, elabo* 
rately flowered. Oriental carpets. 



207 HoLLOWAT, Ph(E1ie, Qrore Buildings, Dorckewter — 

Deeigner. 
Quilt knitted by hand, in one piece, with cotton. 



208 Holmes, J., KuUienninster — Manufacttuvr. 

CarpetR, commonly called velvet, suitable for dining or 
drawing rooms. 

209 Hope, QfOROE Curliso, 17 Bubertsun Street, 

I/tut iiujB — Deeigner. 
Ragiivtered haKsocks of common ru«h for the church 
or cl<ieet, with a{>pn)priAt« ni<>tt<>««, in needlework. 

210 HuilPHRlfa, Thomas, Viiar Street, KidJermuuter-^ 

Manufacturer. 
Specimen of sujier- velvet pile carpeting. Registersd 
pattenut. 

211 Hctwt, O., Jlijh Strt'ct, /?«-»//'<W--rWigner and 

Inventor. 
Pillow-lace, with glamt ititru«luc<Hl into tlie figure. 



212 Haluno, Pfjuwe, St Stone, i:e*)mt Stnxt. 
Velvet pile and IVnL<«H*U cari^^t^, registcml. 



213 Ladies' IxnrsTiiuL Socictt, 7r, Gmfion J^rert, 

IhiNim- I'nMhioem. 

Limerick laec : i«hHwli«. hiuwlkerchiefs, and caxarr**. 

S)i<uiieh i>oint, made in Ireland : cm\^, cuffn, and haUt- 
shirts. 



668 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Centbal Oallebt. 



[TJhited 



Old pointy made in Ireland: fichus and frocks. 
Real guipure, made in Ireland : head-dress and collar. 
Crochet: cape, sleeves, collars, and fi!t>cks. 
Embroidery: collars, caps, and handkerchiefs. 
Cloth embroidery. Horse-hair ornaments. 
Linens : hand-spun and wove sheeting. 
Kiiitting: stockings, socks, and mittens. 
Thread lace. Hand-spun flannel. 
Appliqu^: scarfii, caps, berthes, lappets, flounces, 
shawls, yeils, and drees. 



213 a SnTEM OF MsRCr, Kinaale, Ireland, 
Specimens of work : lace and embroidery. 



2U 

Knitting by a blind person: " Prayer for the Houses 
of Parliament." 



215 James, Hekrt, 7 Ferdinand Terrace, PancnuVale 
— Inventor, Designer, and Producer. 

Enamelled floor-cloth. Window-glass, ornamented by 
machinery, for halls, stair-cases, &o. 



218 Johnstone, J., 102 Graham Street, Airdrie, 

Scotland — Inventor. 

Table-cover, consisting of 2,000 pieces of cloth, ar- 
ranged into 23 historical and imagmed characters, six 
equestrian scenes, a fox-hunt, and pantomime, with the 
regalia of Scotland in the centre. The dedgn and execu- 
tion is the sole work of the exhibitor, and it occupied his 
leisure hours for 18 years. 



219 Jones, Mart, Abbey Street, Chester— Troprietor, 

Bible cushion, copied, in fancy work, from a plan of 
the mosaic pavement in Canterbury cathedral, formerly 
composed of precious stones, gold, and jet. 



220 Cox, Miss A., 2 Blossom Street, Norton Folgate, 
A rug worked from vraste silk. 



221 Keddell, John Stapuss, Sheemess — Proprietor. 
Armorial bearings, worked by the exhibitor in Berlin 

wool and silk. 

222 Beach & Barnioott, BHdport, Dorset, 
Tapestry; a scriptural subject. 



223 Kettlewell, Mart, Clonmel, Ireland — Proprietor. 

Trimming lace, and lace berthes of different patterns. 
Large knitted lace collar, and fine lace lappet. Small 
thr^ul lace scarf. Lace scarf, as fine as hair, done in Ardas. 



224 King, Miss, 3 Bloomshttry Place, Bloomsbury Square 
— Designer and Manufacturer. 

Mediseval embroidery: — ^Design for a cover for the book 
of the Gospels, after the antique. St. John; design 
from a brass of Lawrence Seymour at Higham Ferrers. 
Royal arms, on a ground of cloth of gold. 



225 KiNOSBURT, Louisa, East Street, Taunton, Somerset 
— Designer, Inventor, and Manufacturer. 

Basket of flowers, knitted in Berlin wool, from nature. 



226 Kitelet, Joseph, Kidderminster — Manufi&cturer. 

A Brussels velvet carpet in flve-firame, green and gold; 
a Brussels velvet pile specimen in five-frame, white and 
oak; a Brussels carpet in five-frame, crimson and oak, 
suitable for drawing or dining rooms. 



227 School ov Charitt, Cangort Park, Kin^s County, 

' Ireland — Producers. 
Embroidered muslin, executed by the childreii of the 
school. 



228 MowLAND^ Charlotte G., 23 Eaton Mews, Souths 

Eaton Square — IV6ducer. 

Wreath on white satin, with chenille and crape; design 
for an ornament or trimming. The exhibitor aged 11 
years. 

229 Lakbert, Euzabeth, Timbridge — Designer. 
Embroidery — Full-length portrait of The Queen, in 

gilt frame. 
A group of flowers, with vase, in carved oak frame. 



230 Lanchenick, Jane A., 5 Brompton Sow, Brompton 
— ^Designer and Manufanturer. 

Table cover; garter blue cloth. The design, an oak 
and acorn border; the comers, the rose, thistle, and 
shamrock, with the edge scalloped; the iHiole embroi- 
dered in gold-coloured nlk. 



231 Mackellar & Hampson, 50 Old Change, Cheqpside 

— Producers. 

Royal lace mantle, figured by a patent process (silk 
texture). 

232 Lapworth, Alfred— Producer. 

Axminster carpets. Patent oaipets. Velvet pile and 
tapestry velvet carpets. 



234 DiOGEB La Touche, Miss, KUlmaule, Ireland— 

Inventor. 
Specimen of lace flounce, worked by the poor girls of 
Killmaule, invented at the time of the famine, to enable 
them to earn sufficient for their support. 



235 ViocARS, Richard, Padbury, Buckingham-^ 

Manufacturer. 

Lace for young infants' robes. 

Lace for trimming an infant's cot, or a flounce for a 
lady's dress. 

Lace crowns for infants' ci^, corresponding with the 
broad lace. 

Insertion for forming the body of the caps. 

Laoes for bordering the cape. 



236 Lester, Thomas, Bedford^-MBnuftucturer, 

Specimen of Bedfordshire pillow-lace, being an improved 
arrangement of an infant's lace dress. 

Improved lace fall-niece, to avoid joining at the cor- 
ners; lace fall, complete; length of wide white lace for 
falls; length of white and black trimming lace; lengUi of 
flouncing lace. 

237 Frter, Miss N., Bamsley, 
Crochet counterpane. 



238 Wheleb, Mrs. John, 42 Dorset Street, Portman 

Square — Producer. 

An occasional table, mounted with appliqu^ em- 
broideiy. 

240 LoOLwooD, Qborgiana, 31 Great Titchfield Street, 
Oxford Street — Manufacturer. 
A child's fancy crochet frock. 



241 Lee, J.-— Producer. 

Specimen of lace made by a poor woman in Stone, 
Aylesbury. 



Ketodox. 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &c. 
South Central Gallery. 



569 



242 Hacdonau), Mabgabetta, 105 SofUh Portland 

Street, Gl<ug<np — Manufacturer. 

Fancy needlework, worked with Berlin wool and silk. 
Sobfedtr— '< HaddonHall in the Olden Time/' by Frederick 
Tvfler. 

243 HcFablamb Bbotbebs, Glasgow — Manufacturers. 
Cbenille hearth-rug; 7 feet 3 inches long by 3 feet 4 

JDcfaes broad, with landscape design, from Loch-Long, 
Dnmbartonahire. 

Chenille hearth-rug, 7 feet long by 3 broad; landscape 
de^gn. Chemlle hearth-ruff, 7 feet long by 3 broad, 
widi design, tiger jungle, hills in the distance. 

Chezkille hearth-rug, 7 feet long by 3 feet 1 inch broad, 
with design, water my or lotus. Chenille hearth-rug, 
8 feet 6 im^ifls long by 3 feet 5 inches broad; design, 
acroUs and flowav. Pieces of chenille carpeting, each 
2 feet long by 2 feet 3 inches wide, with same design. 



244 Mallalibc, William, Agent of the Aforaviin Estah- 
liskments at Fuineck, near Leeds, and Ockbrook, 
near Derhtf — Manufacturer. 

Worked handkerchiefs of Moravian embroidered needle- 
vork, from Fulneck and Ockbrook. 



245 



A crochet toilet-coyer. 



246 M^Caktbn, H., 97 Great Charles Street, Birmingham 

— Manufacturer. 

Ancient design of funeral pall for hearse. Design from 
Xr. Pogin's " Qloasary of Ecclesiastical Ornament and 
Caetume." 

247 MDawiii), Mart Ann, Bagthorpe Ho*jise, near 

Nottingham— DeeigiDi&r and Maker. 

Embroidered quilt. 

24S Maclean, Jane, Tj/nan Becton/, Tynan, County 
Armagh^ Ireland — Proprietor. 

Imitation p^ipure lace flounce, worked by the children 
f f Tvnau Glebe school. 



240 Richmond Lunatic Asylujh — Producers. 
Quilt knitted by the inmates. 



2r/» Melton, Euza, 8 Peacock Terrace, Walworth Bond 
— Manufacturer and Proprietor. 
Embn^idery. Imitation in needlework of " The Last 
Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci. 



251 MoNKHOCSE, Joshua, & Son, Barnard Castle, and 
75 Wood Street, CheapskU', lAfiuhn — Manufacturers. 

Carpets, of Kidderminster fabric, cumber and point 

I>titch fabric carpet*?, all wool, and Dutch fabric carpets, 
«rarp made from ailk noiU. 

l'}2 Morton & Sons, Kidderminster — Manufacturers. 

Sf«ecimenfl of velvet pile carpetH : — Crimson and colours 
iro*^'*); ruby and chintz (flowers); crimson, green, &c. 

Sfixony carpet: — crimson and oaks (scroll). 

Bruswels carpets : — white and gold (scroll) ; daik f^cen 
wid gold (ornament); royal blue and gold (ornament); 
mby, crimson, and oaks (leaves); ruby, green, &c. 

Iff «*€*). 

2.33 Xaibn, Miciiakl. Kirbdilii, SrotlatuI — Designer 

and Manufacturer. 
Floor-cloth, used for halls, lobbies, &c: — Xo. 1. Chintz 
pattern, eight colours, imitation of tiue Ciirpeting. No. J. 
Granite pattern, four colours, imitation of granite inkiid. 



No. 3. Marble pattern, four colours, imitation of marble 
inlEud. No. 4. A combination of Nos. 2 and 3, repre- 
senting marble and granite, inlaid alternately, showing 
that Nos. 2 and 3 can be made to work singly or together, 
thereby giving the advantage of three distmct patterns, 
with only two sets of blocks. 

[The canvas employed in the manufacture of floor- 
cloth, is produced principally in the north, and in large 
quantities at Dundee. The size of the canvas, 6 yards 
or upwards in width, and about 100 in length, will con- 
vey an idea of that of the loom producing it. The 
application of the oil colours and patterns is effected in 
various places. Prior to this, the canvas is prepared for 
the reception of the paint by a coating of size. The 
paint and pattern are applied by hand, and the latter is 
effected by the usual process of block-printing.] 



255 Ley, F., Victoria Cottage, Bickington, near 

Barnstaple, Devon — Producer. 
A piece of needlework in floss silk, representing the 
Bible encircled with roses, with an appropriate motto in 
gold letters. 

256 Butcher, Misses, 2 Clarendon Road, Notting Hill'' 

Producers. 

Variety of Berlin wool-work.- 



257 Newcomb & Jones, Kidderminster, and 19 Skinner 
Street, London — Manufacturers. Thos. Paul, 
& Co., opposite the Mansion House, City — Pro- 
prietors. 
Model carpet of superior velvet pile, representing the 
Arms of the Company of Mercers, with emblazoned 
border, &c. 

Velvet pile carpet in breadths; design, "the vine and 
passion flower.'* 

Best Brussels carpet, in breadths ; of a white ground and 
scroll chintz. 



258 Newton, Jones, & Willis, Temple Bow, 

Binn itujhnn — Ch iu"ch Decorat< ) rs. 

Robes, hoods, curtains, and veils, embroidered in silk 
and gold. 

Satin damask hangings, woollen hangings, velvet-pile 
carpets, 8cc. 

259 Olver, Lydta, Liskcard — Manufactiu^r. 
Embroidered collar, stomacher, and sleeves. 



260 OsBORN, Matilda, 4 Sijdm'u Square, Commercial 

Road East — Producer. 
" Mary, Queen of Scots, mourning over the dyiug 
Douglas," in Berlin wool. 

261 Padwick, Annk, Wcstlnyui-ne, Ems^corth — 

Designer and Manufivcturer. 

A crochet table-cover in Berlin wool. 



262 Palmer, Helen, Dunsc — Producer. 

Panel for a pole-screen, embroidered in coloured silks, 
upon white satin. 

Lafly's dress, embroidered in cherry-coloured silks, 
upon white silk. 

Cushion for a chair, embroidered in coloured silks, upon 
white satin. 



263 Pardoe, Hoomans, & Pardoe, Kidderminster — 

Man u fact urei*s. 

WHiytock's patent t-jipestry aiq)eting, in Brussels and 
velvet pile. The coloui-s are permanently printe<l on the 
worsted before it is woven. 

Skein of the woretcd. Patent Berlin rug,?. 



670 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Galleby. 



[Uktted 



264 Patent Cam phine Compant,, Hull — Produoen. 
A yaiiety of rugs. 



265 Patent Utrecht Company, 36 Steward Street, 

Spitalfielda — Produoen. 

Laoe curtaixiB, patent silk lace dreaa and curtains; 
patent lace quilt, scarf, and curtains; Spanish mantilla. 



266 Pearse, Clara, Broad Street, Bath — ^Designer. 

Crochet bed-quilt, illustrated with the Ten Command- 
ments in the centre, with imitation of point lace border. 
The designer 14 years of age. 



268 Perry, Edward, The Rev., 26 Portland Place, 

Leamington — Producer. 

Scarf composed of British silk, being the produce of 
2,000 silk worms, which were kept in an out-house at 
Coodrich, in Herefordshire. The silk was wound from 
the cocoons and spun by Mrs. Perry and her daughter; 
after which, it was made into the scarf now exhibited. 
The silk is in its natural or raw state, tmmanufactured, 
and the colours of the silk produced by the male and 
female worms are preserved. 

[In a preceding class will be found a brief notice of the 
labours of the late Mrs. Whitby to introduce the cul- 
ture of the silkworm into this country. This notice 
accompanies a banner entirely wrought out of silk pro- 
duced from worms bred in England. In the present, 
as in other instances exhibited, the same success has 
attended this art.— H. E.] 



269 Heald, Benjamin, Old Swintm, Nottingham — 

Designer. 
A design for Honiton lace flouncings. 



270 Hallowell^ Mrs. E., Limerick, 

Elnitted lace scarf. 

Specimens of knitting by the poor Irish children near 
Limerick. 



271 Phillips, Emilt, 166 Bermondsey Street, 

Southtcark — Producer. 

" La Vendredi;"— eating meat on Friday. 



272 Phillips, Rebecca, Swanboume, Wmahw — 

Manufacturer. 
Ornamental linen-thread pillow-lace. 



273 PiCKTHORN, Esther, George Street, Hockley, near 
Birmingham — ^Manufacturer. 
Hearth-rug, raised, in needlework. 



275 Read & Humphreys, 21 Clare Street, Bristol — 

Manufacturers. 
Folding screen on canvas, worked in cross and tent 
stitches. Two figures playing chess. 



276 RiSDON, John, 194 High St., JSTxtfier— Proprietor. 
Fancy silk and velvet quilt. 



278 Robinson, Miss, Newport Terrace, Bolton, 

Lancashire — Designer. 
Group of flowers worked in a new style, from an oil 
painting, by the exhibitor. 



280 RoDOERS, John, & Son, Islington, near Birmingham 

— ^Manufeicturers. 

Purses, embroidered in the weaving: stioh embroidery 
having been previously done only by hand. 



281 Rolls, James k George, k Son, Lovoer 

Kennington Lane — Manufiicturars. 
Piece of floor-cloiA. 

282 RoLPH, Jonas, Coggeshall, Essex — Manufacturer. 

A dress with two flounces, a fidl, a berthe, and a lappet, 
in imitation of Brussels point laoe, in tambour-work; 
exhibited for workmanship. 

283 RooME, Ann Empringham, Beaxanont Bill, Lincoln 

— ^Designer and Manufacturer. 

South-west view of York Cathedral, worked upon white 
silk, with the rovings of black lutestring and manufac- 
turers' silk. 

284 RoTAL Victoria Asylum for the Blind, Newcastle- 

upon-Tyne — Designers and Manufacturers. 

Shawl, knitted of wool. Queen's veil, knitted in imi- 
tation of lace. Jenny Lind veil: and baskets. Manu- 
factured by the blind inmates of the asylum. 



285 Russell, Sarah Ann, Bromsgrove, near Worcester 

— Manufacturer. 
Berlin wool work. Subject — Joseph presenting his 
father to Pharaoh. 



286 



Crochet wool toys: a tea service, &c. 



288 Sewell, Evans, & Co., 44, 45, k 46 Old Compton 

Street — Pix)prietor8. 
Straw-work on crape, applicable to various other fabrics. 
A patent Axminster carpet. 

Rich figured damask silk, brocaded in various colours. 
Plain moire antique. 

Figured damask, made in a Jacquard loom. 
Specimens of knitting, &c., by poor Irish diildren. 



289 Shakell, Maria, Fanny & Edward, Belle Vue 
Cottage, Shirley, near Southampton — Producers. 

Needlework : Scripture subject, mounted in a frame 
designed and executed by E. Shakell. 

291 MoRANT, J., 91 New Bond Street. 

Various carpets. 



293 Shedden, Hugh, 38 Stanhope Street, Liverpool — 

Bfanufacturer. 
Royal standard of England, made of bunting, the 
article used for flags in the marine service ; the devices 
embroidered on the whole cloth, of Berlin wool. 

294 Sheridan, Peter, 22 and 23 Parliament Street, 

Dublin — Manufactiurer. 
Brussels and Kidderminster carpeting, manu&ctured a 
23 Pimlico, Dublin. Hearth rugs. 

295 Heald, Henry, Old Swinton, near Nottingham — 

Desinier. 
A design for a black lace shawl. 

296 Shirer, Alexander, Cheltenhamn^jyesAgaev. 
Cut-pile Brussels carpet, foliage British oak with aoom, 

horse-chesnut leaves and blossom, with fern and palm 
leaves. Manufactured by H. Brinton and Sons, Kidder- 
minster. 

298 Shuldax, Harriet, Dunmanway, Ireland-^ 

Producer. 
Laoe work. 



299 Sibthoepe, Fanny Louisa, Limerick, Ireland— 

Producer. 
Piece of Berlin work, subject " Haddon Hall in the days 
of yore ;" and the < ' Morning of the Chase, " in a carved oak 
frame. 



iDOM.] 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &c. 
South Central Gallery. 



571 



Sim, C. J., High Street, Bedford— Maxkutacturer. 
dfordabtre pUlow-laoe. 



SiDKDZy G. P., Kiddermmster-^layeiiior and 
Manufictiirer. 
ro kim flngw wonted nigg, oontaiiiiQg the arms of 
wroopi of KidderminHter. 

iaQ Minple of Telyet carpet, made on the oocasion of 
Bainage of H.R.H. the late Prinoees Charlotte with 
9t Leopcdd of Saxe-Coboui^. 

tpsUrad patiem of double^braadth second BruBsels. 
lUrtd pattema of BrtiaselB velyet, woven on new 



T«nl eoloured darigns of oarpeta called the patent 
tf, woren by steam-power. 



lira. BxcHABD, Moltendm, Staplehurst, 
Kent — Manufacturer. 

tnp in wool; the Queen, the Princess Royal, and 
Prinee of Wales. 



Foster, Rottt, & Co. 
cobroidered lace curtains. 



f, Kevin Street Polioe Barrack, 
Dublin — Inventor, 
tble corer of mosaic cloth-work, representing the 
1 anna; the royal fiunily at a review; the capture of 
French eagle by the royal dragoons at Waterloo; a 
eh from Ballinganry; war chariot, &c.; all composed 
deoei of doth fine-drawn together. 

\ SoTTON, Eliza, Maidstone — ^Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
. fine white crochet bed-quilt, the centre composed of 
^Mip of flowers, above wluch are three scriptural sen* 
MS, in finglii^ French, and German; below the 
tra are three other scriptural sentences, in Italian, 
ni«h, and Latin ; at each side is a scriptural sentence 
■^liflh; in the borders are dates and allusions to the 
3t Exhibition, in English : the whole finished with a 
ie hotf and lined with pink cambric. 

} ScTHERLAXD, Jaxet, Falkirk^ Scotland — Inventor, 

Designer, and Manufacturer. 
>r»wing-room table-cover, embroidered with coloured 
^ oD a black satin sijuare or ground ; in a new Htyle ; 
fl'-weri, figiuvs, &c., are formed and arranged without 
Aid (/f drawings or patterns. 



) Tarin, M. L. a., 8 Nelson Street, MomifUfton 
Crfsuiiif Cantden Tuvcn — Designer and Inventor, 



«rlin wool needlework. 
'•unp pillar, &c. 



! Tatleb, Ann Maria, Middle Chinnock — 

Proprietor. 
fi<t/»rical piece of needlework in wool — Mary Queen of 
js Weeping over the dj-ing Douglas. 

Texxison, Mrs. M. A., 8 fJrowjhton Place, 
Hachncii litxtd — Producer. 

lair of fiapier mach^, of the Elizabethan style, iulaid 
m.>ther-iif-rie}irl of all colours, with cutihiou of 
Icwork. 



TcaiPLETON, J., & Co., Olasijow — Manufacturers 
and Patentees. 
t'-nt Axmin.ster carpctfl, intended for drawing-room ; 
Liiiing-room or library; in Persiim style, for diuiug- 
or drawing-room; and in Turkey style, for diuing- 

-j^t/* bordered ainl chintz fitted for parlour or 
n:^-i-oom; hearth-rugs, {patent Axmiiirtter; breadth 
ting; stair or lau<ling carjieting; Tourney table 
-; piano covers; and door or window curtains. 



[These carpets, rugs, &c., are woven in the loom, and 
not tufted or knotted to the warp as in the older method 
of making such goods. The worsted being thrown entirely 
to the surface of the fabric, instead of appearing on both 
sides, economises the material, and gives a smoother 
surface.] 

316 Johnson, Geo., & Co., 11 Bow Churchyard, and 
4 Bow Lane — ^Manufacturers. 
Mourning collars, &c. 



317 Thwaites, Mart, 4 Quadrant Road, Lovoer 

Islittgton — Proprietor, 
fine knitted thread shawl. Valenciennes lace bonnet. 
Knitted bonnet and parasol. Embroidered cambric hand* 
kerchiefs. Cambric pincushion, with arms of England 
embroidered. Crochet d'Oyley. Specimens of imitation 
Valenciennes lace. Manufactured by the poor children 
of Newry. 

318 TuRBEViLLE, Smith, Boyle, & Co., 9 Oreat 

Marlborough Street-^Producen. 

Axminster carpet. Velvet pile tapestry carpet, de- 
signed from native flowers. Brussels carpet, of Elizabe- 
than design, crimson and oak. 



320 Trollope, Rose, 6 Allen Terrace, Kensington — 

Producer. 
Folding screen of tapestry work. 



321 Cardinal & Co., St, Belen*s Place, Bishopsgate. 
Persian and Tiurkey carpeting. 



322 Turner, Agneb, Sutton Rectory, Dartford — 

Manufactmrer. 
Knitted lace scarf, three yards long, and three quarters 
wide. 



323 Uphill, Mary Ann, Fonthill Bishop^ Salisbury — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 

A cushion for the toilet, composed of thread and fine 
gold twist of different texture. In the centre of this 
work is introduced the profile of Her Majesty, Prince 
Albert, and all the Royal Family, with their initials. 
The band round the work haa this motto worked in letters 
of lace, — ** Long live Victoria Queen of England, Prince 
Albert, and all the Royal Family." The whole work is 
ornamented ^^ith the Cro^Ti of England, the Rose and 
Thistle, Bible and Sceptre, and other emblems of Royalty. 

Twist, of different texture, in cushion lace. 

A lace Bcai*f, and a bassinette lace cradle-cover of 
similar manufacture. 



324 Veevers, Letitia, Mohill, County Leitrim, Ireland 
— IVoducer and Inventor. 

Articles manufactui'ed from the fibres of plants and 
flowers, viz. : — From the common nettle, pocket handker- 
chiefs trimmed ^ith lace of the same material, shawl 8, 
scarf, bonnet, para«ol, lace collar, and veil; from tho 
hemp nettle, pamsol and veil ; from the Lavatera, parasul 
and veil ; from the honey plant, parasol ; from tho sweet 
pea, bonnet and lace collar; from the honeysuckle, bon- 
net and lace colliu*; fi*om tho narftferciimi, parasol; from 
the Keria japonica, bonnet; from the marsh mallow, 
bonnet; from silk, mittens; from the bee plant, a cap. 
Shawl of nettles. 

Specimens of the flax and threads from which tho 
preceding articles are manufactured. 



325 Lawson, John, 4 Suhtonth Street, Gray's Inn Road 

— Desi^ier. 
Axminster hearth-rug, manufactured by Blackmoro 
Brothers, Wilton. Vjirioua denigns for carpets. S^*eci- 
mcns puiuted on ruled jviper for the weaver. 



672 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Gallert. 



[UKITiD 



327 The Victoria Felt Carpet Company, 8 Zow 
Latie, Wood Street — Manufacturers. 

Specimens of patent felt carpeting. Printed and 
embossed table-^iovers, felt. Embossed window curtains^ 
felt. Fine cloth, felt. 

Manufactured at Leeds, and printed in London. 



328 ViNXENT, Samuel, Turvey, near Olney, Bucks — 

Manufacturer. 
Bedford and Buckinghamshire pillow-lace, veils, lace 
collars, and lace. Name and address in letters, formed 
of lace. Lace, pillow and bobbins, by which the lace is 
worked. 

329 VoKEB, Frederic S. T., 9 Hope Cottages, Cottaqe 

Grove, Bedford Nac Road, Clapham Rise — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 

Superfine scarlet cloth table-cover, braided with up> 
wanls of 2,000 yards of black mohair cord, executed with- 
out patterns or pouncing, on a new principle. 



330 Hayes, Eleanor Jane, 24 Richmond Terrace, IJast 
Street, Waitn/rth — Designer and Manufacturer. 

Pictures composed of needlework and steel beads : — The 
succesMfiil deer-stalkers of the Highlands. Three chorister 
boys. The royal arms of England. Two country girls 
(seated in a shrubbery). The Last Supper. The novelty 
of these articles consist in their being of needlework, and 
forming a surface of glass, representing figures^ animals, 
and foliage. 

334 Ward, Anne, Coleraine, Ireland — Designer and 

Executor. 

• Specimens of needlework. View of " The Giant's 
Causeway ;" an ** Italian scene," by Vemet ; and an "Arctic 
scene." The groundwork is linen in the first view, and 
lutestring in Uie others. The work is an imitation of line 
engraving, and the material employed, cotton and silk 
thread. 

335 Washbourn, Ann, Great Marlow, Bucks — 

ManufS&cturcr. 

A muslin small dress over a blue slip, embroidered. 
A boy's embroidered muslin dress. A child's frock. 



336 Waterhoubb, Emma Twarkija & Maria Adelaide, 

Ciaremont Cottage, Loughborough Road, Brixton — 

Makers. 

Crochet coimterpane, 12 feet square, worked in Strutt's 

cotton, representing a variety of flowers; the centre of 

the counterpane a cluster of roses encircled with a wreath 

of flowers and leaves; the insertion composed of a wreath 

of lilies, entwined round a pole; at the four comers are 

a trumpet flower, a rose, a convolvolus, and a wild rose ; 

finished off with a deep edging. The patterns were all 

designed by Wilks, Regent Street. 



337 Watson, Bell & Co., 35 & 36 Old Bond Street— 
l£anufacturers and Importers. 

Extra superfine Axminster carpet, designed by Lewis 
Gruner, Esq., exhibited by Her Majesty the Queen. The 
design of this carpet is represented in the accompanying 
lithograph drawing. , 

Carpet in the renaissance style, designed by John 
Lawson. 

Carpet in the Louis Quatorze style, designed by 
M. Brandeley. 

A superfine Axminster carpet in the Italian style and 
colouring, designed by James Crabb. 

A fine Axmmster carpet, in the Persian style and 
colouring, adapted for dining-rooms. All manufactured 
by Blackmore Brothers. 

Superfine velvet bordered carpet, crimson and chintz 
designed by John Lawson. 

Brussels carpet, bordered, in the Persian style, applica- 



ble to rooms of any size, at the ordinary cost of Brussels 
cari>et. — Designed by John Arbuthnot;, and manufactured 
by Watson k Co., Kidderminster. 

Carpets manufactured in the province of Masulipataniy 
and imported from Madras. 

Real Turkey carpets, manufactiured at Ushak, in the 
province of Aidin, and imported from Qm-ymtL, 

339 Waugh & Son, 3 & 4 Goodge Street— Deagnen. 

Royal velvet pile cari>et, purple ground. An allegorical 
design for a carpet for a Royal palace. 



341 Wells, B. W., Windmill Lane, CambenceU 

— ^Manufacturer. 
Registered floor-cloth, the pattern being an imitation 
of Berlin wool work, printed in gold and lake oolonrs. 



343 White, Son, & Co., 78 Wailing Street, and 
108 Cheapside — Proprietors. 

ICidderminster, cut pile Brussels, velvet pile tapestry, 
and square velvet pile carpets. Printed doth table- 
covers. Silk worsted damasks. 



345 Whttwell, John, & Co., Kendal — ^Designers 

and Manufacturers. 

Kidderminster carpeting. Twilled Venetian carpet^ 
woven in a power-loom, and with variety of oolour and 
texture. Improved Brussels carpet, with new anmnge- 
ment for pile and texture. Berlin hearth-mi;^ new 
design and material. 

347 Whitney, E., Cleveland Place, Bath — ^Designer. 

Embroidered lady's apron. Coat of anna in needle- 
work. 



349 Williams, Lady Qriffieb, Marlborotigh — ^Ptodnoer. 

"The Last Supper," from the painting bv Leonudo da 
Vinci, worked in German wool and floes eilk. 



360 Wilson, Anne, Dotmpatrick, Ireland — 

Mfloiufacturer. 
Fancy work in wool — subject, "Shipwrecked sailor;** in 
which new stitches, invented by the exhibitor, are intro« 
duced to give effect to different parts of the picture. 



352 Wood, Henry k Thomas, 22 Wailing Slrmt— 

Proprietors. 

Printed and embossed cloth table-covers. Printed all 
over cloth. 

Brussels carpet. 



354 Woodward, B. Higgins, Kidderminster — 

Manufeu^urer. 

Large velvet pile carpet, in the ornamental style. This 
species of carpeting is capable of being made to any 
required length or width, and in varied oolouringp, to 
correspond with other furniture,: and can be produced at 
the ordinary price. 

Specimens of the same pattern in Brussels quality, and 
varied colourings, showing its adaptation to Uie s^le'of 
any room, with border for the same. 

Specimens of various colourings of the "oak branch," 
in Brussels qualitv. 

Specimen sketched from the Acacia, in Brussels quality. 

Specimen of wool netting, for tray covers. 



355 Woodward, Henry, & Co., Chttrch Street, 
Kidderminster — ^Manufacturers. 

Carpets: — ^Velvet pile, ruby ground, with stems and 
chintz flowers, and border surrounding it, for drawing* 
room floors. 

BruaaelBpUe, arabesque pattern, for dining-room floors. 



LAOE AND BMBBOIDEBT, &o. 
Somn CnsTBAL Gallebt. 



573 



fl% aorall on a lioii criniKm groond, for 



9, iwj Imiwrn and wbrnoM, lyiog on nioes and 

far atiira and ooRidofB* 

nddvipu. 

oocs, CATHmim; 18 Nmo Qmk$e 8tt$$i, 
PwtmBmSquoM — Maiwifwrtoner. 

rMD. Dengn, ilie aniw of KnriMid, sur- 
1 dw pwy, and inteneeted with mndifle of 
pandant wimtlw of ilie roae, ahamrook, aad 
Mtod with ailk in miniaromi eoloma. 



V Mathim. Built, 'Biv^i WorwidkMrt 
— Daaignsr and Mannftwttoer. 

ad in eroehet in imitation of point laoe; 
tnfbll, and tldaile. 



■r, Gboiip, ft Gbami^ jndUSsmiAiiton-* 

llanu&ctiirfln. 
«y dining-room, drawing-room, and boudoir 
larad oomploto. 

urpota^ for dining and drawu^g rooma. 
rta. 



"BoBKKSM, Mra., Jto{0y— Fkoduoer, 



lOr, OoMMUB^ S PrfmHtnM Ptao$, Protp$ei 

Mom, IVboliotcA— Inventor, 
r, or bod-qnilt, containing 8,2d0 pieo6i^ and 
failk. Hada l^ the flxh£itor. 



iABabbb, JTiuffAiabritfatf— InTentora, 
Daaignan, and Mannfacturara. 

h, in imitation of ancient teeaelated pave- 
prising a centre and bordera, being copiee of 
nents diaooTered in England. 
IB, copy of Roman teeaelated pavement dia- 
Bngjann, and in atyle of Roman teeaelated 



ju>, Hon. Jane Graces Cork, KUlrogan, 
Btmdon, Ireland — Producer. 

ilt for a baby's crib. Knitted bag. Exhibited 
f the workers, the children of Killrogan 
lool, Bandon. 



«y Rer. H. E., Lw^tn, Dublin — Producer, 
of Iriah lace, the work of the Lucan Indus- 



C. Mart, 1 Brottgham Terrace, Kingstoncn, 
-Designer, Inventor, and Manufacturer. 

lack lace, embroidered in a new style, in 
>f different colours, interspersed with wings 
I beetle. 
or ladies' dress, of same materials and work. 



B, Jemima, Qreat Dover Street, Swrrejf — 

Designer, 
of needlework upon machine net; handker- 
'scap. 

MPLE, Mabt Elizabeth, 37 CosehUl Street, 
on Square — Inventor and Producer, 
r of fawn-coloured cloth, embroidered with 
7ery pattern. An embroidered quilt. 



•uiT, Catherine, Grimsthorpe, near Bourne — 

Deaigner and Manufacturer. 
-quilt. 



379 Ladt MaTOBKH (1850), and 150 Luma of Grbat 
BRrrAZM the ezeoutaota. Tha deaign by John 
W. F)if»worth, Esq.. Great Marlborough Steaet; 
the pattenu painted bjr, and the work eseouted 
under the aupezintendenoe of, W. B. Shnpaon, 
Wert Strand. 

A Berlin wo^ cazpal^ 80 foot long and 20 foot wide^ 
worked in dataobed aquarea, wliich haTO bean ■ubaa* 
quantly joined togother to fbrm the oompletade^pi. An 
illuatratmn of a branch of xnanu&etura whkdi may afford 
to ita eiacutanta a raoompenae more liberal than tney oan 
obtain in mort other aorta of needlework. 

Tliia manufaotura may alao apply to the eotira deocnna- 
tion of a room, aa tn^mtinr, Airniture;, Ac Hie inifciaUi 
of the exeoutttota form the omameat of tiba ontidda 
border. The whole deaign ia connected by wreatha or 
banda of kavea and lic^iage, tiba centre groimi«|w«ienting 
tiba atore from whence tiSmr hare been diatnbuted. 

Fwt of the pattema of the Berlin wool oupet exhi- 
Uted by Hw M^esfy. The whole deaiak ia jpainted in 
one pieoa aa a picture; on befaig BobdiTOod the aquarea 
haTO the thread linea printed i^Km them. J^thiaairaqge- 
meat the aetting out the pattern or aeoond p*****^'^ on 
aquared paper from a picture firrt made £i renderad 



381 Gn»cnc, J. B., 4 WUb jSltrMf, (Tray'a /fM AMid-- 

Deeigner. 

Deaign Ibr aa Azminater oentre oarpet^ in the Italian 
alyle. 

882 Bbatoeuw, Jgsn, 118 Ckun^ Sireei, LanoatlUr-^ 

Broduoer. 

Counterpane of moaaio needlework, 12 feet long by 
10 feet wide, divided into 44 oompartmenta, each repre- 
aenting a popular prints worked up of coloured piecea of 
doth, without colouring matter ; with aoroU on the 
border, of new deaign. 



384 KiDDLX, Joshua, NorwioK — ^Inventor. 

Woven cushion, completed in the loom without the 
aid of needlework; figurod on both aides. 



386 Qtll, William Lewis, Colyton, Axmmtier — 

ManufSacturer. 

Honiton lace: — ^Portion of an original design, intended 
for the flounce made for Her Majesty. 

Portion of a new design for a scarf. 

Collars in various designs. 

Colyton chromatic silk berthe, made on the pillow. 

Silk lappet, designed from the Alhambra, made on the 
pillow. 

Lace scarf, berthe and sleeves. 

Patterns of lace. 



388 Atebs, William, Newport Pagnell, Bucks — 

producer. 

Specimens of Buckinghamshire pillow-lace pieces. 



390 Jackson & Graham, 37 & 38 Oxford Street — 

Produoers. 

London carpet; the border formed by palm leaves and 
flowers; shields with fruit in each comer; group of flowers 
in the centre; and flUed up with crimson scrolls on ma> 
rone ground. 

Carpet, of Moresque design. 

Carpet, with flower upon dark marone ground, border 
in panels, and medallions, with arabesque scrolls and 
flowers. 

Specimens of velvet pile carpets. Patent tapestry velvet 
carpet and border; design, orchidaceous plants upon dark 
green ground. Carpet, — proses upon dark marone ground. 

London rugs. 

Carpet loom at work. {North lyanaept). 



674 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, LACE, EMBROIDERY, Ac. 

South Central Gallery. 



391 Tawton, Mart, 9 Unkm Street, Plymouth — 
Manufacturer and Designer. 

Child's cloak, braided, embroidered, and interspersed 
with open work. 

Its novelty consists in the introduction of open work 
into French merino; exhibited for the style of oraiding, 
the embroidenr, and the difficulty of execution. The 
open work, although having the appearanoe of insertion, 
is worked in the same material. 



392 Pbnlbt, E. a., Grov€ House, St, Peter's, Margate 
— ^Designer and Manufacturer, 

Silk patch-work table cover, box pattern, oontaining 
upwards of 2,000 pieces, and 500,000 stitches. 



394 Behnoch, TweiItyman, & Riao, 77 Wood Street — 

Manufacturers. 

Black and coloured ribbons. Shoe ribbons and ferrets. 
Silk handkerchiefii. 

For dresses, mantles, &o. : — Cameo, lace, and self- 
quilling trimmings. Fancy braids. 

Silk fringes, plain, glace, Naples, and fimcy headings. 
Bullion fringes, plabi and fancy headings. Silk gimps 
and cords. Girdles. 

Gimp, strand, and Naples cord on bobbins, for manu- 
facturing purposes. Silk and cotton wire for bonnets. 
Silk laces for boots. 

Sewing-silk, for the use of tailors and milliners. 

Silk twist, in balls and on spools, for the use of tailors. 

Netting-silk, for purses, hiir nets, Ac. 



395 Beayis, J., 27 Mint Street, Borough — Manufaoturers. 
A hearthrug. 



396 Heal & Son, Tottenham Court Soad-~ 

Manufacturers. 

A crimson satin eider-down quil^ with white satin 
border, embroidered in colours. (This quilt is represented 
in the accompanying Plate 141.) 

Duvdt in blue and gold silk, filled with eider-down, to 
lay across the foot of a bed. 



398 Seaffeld, Leah, 4 Dean Street, jF&ia6ury Square — 

Producer. 



Portrait of Her Majesty and His Royal Highni 
Prince Albert, in Berlin wool work. 

Cartoon: subject, " The finding of Mosee in the bull 
rushes,*' in Berlin wool work. 



400 Bemtinck, Colonel Hezoit, for Robert Palmer 

— Producer. 

A table-doth, showing, in embroidery, the Royal Arms, 
and different devices, made bv Robert PlJmer, a private 
soldier of the 1st battalion Coldstream Guards. 



403 Underwood, W., 1 Vere Street, Oxford Street — 

Manufacturer. 

Heraldic tapestry hanging, being a new i^lioation of 
heraldry to tapestry, hangings, portieres, &c. The Royal 
Arms in the centre can he replaced by those of any other 
family. 

Tapestry hangings of silk and worsted oombinad. TIm 
design compoeeid from the artichoke and its foliage, 
adi^ted for hangings and portieres. (North CeiUral Oat- 
lery,) 










^ 
^ 










57G 



Cijiss 20.— ARTICLES OF CLOTHINO, FOR 
South Transept Gallery. 



[Ukitkd 



i 



glove, thrown down, wa« a mode of challenge ; and still 
is practwed a« one of the forma at a royal coronation. 
Queen Elizabeth, it is well known, wm very fond of 
gloveH, of which nimiorous presents were made to her. 
White gloven are also prescntocl to the Judges on occasion 
of a maiden assize, the exact significance or origin of 
which practice has never been satisfactorily explained. 
Leather gloves are now made at Worcester, Yeovil, 
Woodstock, and London; and were formerly made at 
I.<eominst«r and Ludlow, but the trade in the latter places 
is quite decayed.] 

3 Taylor, William Gfx)roe, 285 Rejcnt Street — 

Proprietor. 

Balbriggan lace-stockings, of fine texture and elaborate 
patterns. Balbrigj^in stockingH, of tlie full size, weighing 
9 ounces. 

Lambs-wool stockings, knitted by the hand at Ballin- 
dine. Mayo, Ireland. 

Specimens of hand -knitting, in hosiery, by children at 
Ballindine, exhibited for regulaiity and workmanship. 



4 Hall, J. Spark m, 308 Recent Street — Manufacturer. 
Elastic stocking-nut boots, elastic webbing, and im- 
proved elastic materials for boots and shoes. 

5 Peart & Dobsetor, 12 and 13 Poultry — Inventors. 
Four-threads cotton glove half-hose. Patent Angola 

and silk glove half-hose. 

Ladies' four-thread glove hose. Black and white silk 
glove hose. 

Cotton and woollen drawers, with elastic ribbed cotton 
gussets. 

Railroad caps and protectors. Improved nightcaps. 
Silk sliirt fleeced, for rheumatism. Fine real Welsh 
flannel. Silk and Segovia half-hose. Improved worsted 
braces, with broad shoulder-plates. 

6 Pope & Plante, 4 Waterloo Place, Pall Mall— 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of hosiery. Beaver fur stockings, and scarf, 
made on the hosiery frame. 

Registered elastic netted corsets, of silk and caoutchouc. 
Elastic netted belt, stockings, socks, leggings, and knee- 
caps. Cotton and silk stockings, and other apparel. 

7 Nevill, J. B. & W. & Co., 1 1 Gresham Street West— 

Manufacturers. 

Men's cotton half-hose; striped various, made prin- 
cipally for export; striped red and blue, superior colour 
and manufacture ; and made colours. 

Women's white linen thread hose, and men's linen 
thread half-hose, made from Irish flax. 

Gentlemen's imitation silk thread half-hose and cape, 
solid colours; and cotton half-hose, pink. 

Ladies' imitation silk thread hose, fine, very fine, and 
coloured; the same, open-worked very fine, and cotton 
improved i>attem. 

Gentlemen's open-worked caps for warm climates and 
summer wear. 

Ladies' white cotton hose adapted for Spain and South 
of Europe ; white hose manufactured from Colonial cot- 
ton, of improved elasticity ; and patent black cotton 
hose, colour fast and clean. 

Men's white cotton pantaloon drawers with improved 
broad linen waistbands. 

Ladies' white cotton chemises manufactured with im- 
proved sleeves and shoulder portion in a superior manner 
throughout. 

Gentlemen's stout merino wool pantaloon drawers, with 
supporting elastic knee. 

Leulies' extra fine Australian wool waistcoats, with long 
sleeves, &c., improved in softness and preparation, pink 
and scarlet. 

Ladies' cotton waistcoats, improved shapes, light and 
durable. 



Gentlemen's mixed silk and Austndiaii wool nndflr 
waistcoats, improved Bhi4>es, light and warm. 

Ladies' extra fine merino wool hoee, improved elaatid^, 
warm and free from shrinking; and gentlemen*! hut- 
hose of the same wool. 

Gentlemen's cotton hose with mixed silk and wool 
ankles. 

Ladies' fine mixed silk and wool hose, superior fnxut 
work. 

Ladies' superfine bleached and unbleached cotton wikt' 
coats, improved shapes and manufacture : these are shaped 
in the frame to any size and figure. 

Men's stout and fine unbleached cotton panta]o(ni 
drawers, new ribbed wmstbands, and double frame- 
worked substance. 

I.rfvdies' extra fine Australian wool and fine Cashmere 
wool under waistcoats. 

Gentlemen's fine Cashmere wool under waistcoats, im- 
proved in softness. 

Men's stout worsted and extra fine worsted undor 
waistcoats. 

Men's striped shirts or Guernseys for export or sea- 
men's use. 

Men's white cotton half -hose, and brown cotton half- 
hose, various qualities. Ladies' cotton hoee, rose colour. 

8 Gregory, Cubitt, & Co., 15 Aldermaanhi»ry — 
Importers and Manu&cturers. 

Straw, from the wheat rick; cut into lengths and 
sorted into sizes ; washed and bleached, for cutting into 
splints ; and cut into splints, for plaiting. 

Plait, made from the whole pipe-straw, called whole 
straw -plait; made from the straw cut into splints, called 
split straw -plait; and made from the splints uniled, 
called patent straw-plait. 

Bonnet, made from the whole pipe-straw, called "wbol* 
straw" bonnet; made from the split straw-plait, called 
''split-straw" bonnet; and made from the plait^ with 
the splints united, called a " patent straw " bonnet. 

Specimens of different kinds of straw-plaiting, via. 
cord, whole straw, cord patent, China pearl, &c. 

Plait, made from the splints, with the straw reversed^ 
called ** rice patent plait." 

Various kinds of rice plait. 

Bonnet made from rice patent plait. 

Tuscan grass, as imported; as cut into lengtlis, and 
sorted into sizes ; and as washed and bleached, and pre- 
pared for plaiting. 

Plait made from the stem of the Tuscan g^rass, called 
" dark Tuscan plait;" and made from the upper part of 
the grass, called "light Tuscan plait." 

Bonnet made frx>m the dark Tuscan plait. 

Hat maide from the light Tuscan plait. 

Specimens of the various kinds of Tuscan plait. 

Block of wood, as cut from the poplar tree ; as cut 
into splints for plaiting; the splints washed and bleadied 
for plaiting. 

Specimens of various kinds of plaiting, from the splinli 
called " British chip plait." 

Bonnet made from a piece of the same, caUed " British 
chip bonnet." 

Block of wood from the willow tree ; as cut into 
splints, for weaving into square sheets; the splints washed 
and bleached, prepared for weaving. 

Specimens of willow square sheets, from the loom. 

The willow shape, for the foundation of silk bonnets. 

White willow bonnet; coloured willow bonnet, made 
from the sheets. 

Straw splints, for weaving into trimmings. 

Specimens of straw trimmings; the loom in which they 
are made. 

Bonnet, made from the straw trimming. 

Horse-hair in its rough state; and washed and bleadied 
for weaving mto trimmings. 

Specimens of horse-hair trimming. Bonnet made from 
it. 

Flag-grass, as imported from Cuba ; and as washed, 
bleached and cut, prepared for plaiting; hatsi, from the 
same, called " Braolian hats.' 



»* 



om;] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE, 
South Transept Gallery. 



577 



t-atnw is the straw of the wheat plant, selected 
llj from crops grown on dry chalky lands, such as 
ifaout Dunstable. The middle part of the straw 
he last joint is selected ; it is cut into lengtlis of eight 
LDches, and these are then split. The Leghorn or 

plait is the straw of a variety of bearded wheat, 
expressly on poor sandy soils, pulled when green, 
en bleached. Other kinds of the grass tribe, 

wheat, furnish straws available for plait- work. — 



as & Habvet, 6 Pii^rim Strret, Lndijatc Hilly and 
Tott€nf»am — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

white bonnet, patented by the exhibitor, which 

!an« and alter to any shape, and look equal to new. 

registered carriage bonnet, composed of crape 

rith tufts of silk, worked by the needle, in all 

dres.9 opera bonnet, composed of gauze and ribbon 
liar make. 

let composed of ribbon and aroephane, for the 
i or promenade. 



nxD, Jas., & Sons, 11^ Fore Street, Cripplegate, 
ami Harpcivicn, Herts — Manufacturers. 

oved Dunstable bonnet; twisted edge whole pipe 
ble; split straw bonnet; double split straw, called 
t Dunstable; rice straw bonnet, plaited with the 
ide out ; satin straw bonnet with rock edge ; fancy 
and black and white fancy mixed bonnet; black 
ite satin and fancy rock mixed bonnet. 
r bonnets in new designs and combination of 
Is. Specimen of wheat straw from which pipes 
wn for plaiting; and of the inner pipe drawn from 
sat straw, 
ine for splitting straws of various degrees of fine- 

eached straw plaitin:!;:; the same, clipped and 
d; block <.)f wood of the poplar-tree; bleached 
:^ of the SiUiie for plaitinp^, 
w and whit<j satin and criuiped split straw Chinese 

: and whit^ crochet and Hjjlit straw "Due d'Au- 

lat. 

n and white ladies* crimiKjd ha.is. 

fitraw-plciit manufacture ha.s ha<^^l its local esta- 
*nt in Enghuid about eighty yeari?, aud is now 
on principally in Bedfordshire, Herts, and Buck- 
jibire: at DuELstable this manufacture ha« long 
ic-ce.-*.'*fully prosecuted, aud einj)loys large uunibera 
'idual«. The name of this town has been con- 
wit h that of its productions, and used tr) chanic- 
ertain de^cnptions of sti-aw-plait. "Whole Dun- 
pj^Tiities that the i»lait is formed of seven entire 
and " j>at«,"nt Dunstable," that it consists of 
a split stniws. Tlus hust manufacture has been 
ee<l about half a century. The splitting of the 
; effect-ed by the machine exhibited. — K. K.] 



v«E & Sons, To U'-'x/ Str^rt — Manufacturers. 

•*•' bonnet-^ of finest (juality, produced from whcat- 

klaited and made up by the hand. 

; fancy. Alboni cdgj-; patent rice, fancy split, eni- 

i?d Tuscan ed;:e. 

•s' b«>TUiets of fancy hoi"se-hair and straw: black — 

lir, blonde, nnd stniw; white — horse-hair, blonde, 

aw; bbit* — hoi-sc-hair and blonde; white- hoi-se- 

d blonde; goffered — horsehair and straw-plait. 

tonal mjide bv the lor)ni, and sewn into bonnets 

im Ivmnets nuwle of material ]»ro(luccd in Ital}'. 
r British nismufacture. 



12 Welch & Sons, 44 GfUier Lane, Cheapside — 
Inventors and Manufacturers. 

1. Staple article, wheat straw. 

2. Sti-aw pipes as prepared for plaiters* use. 

3. Straw splittei*8 and splittings. 

4. Specimens of straw plaits. 

5. Goffered split straw bonnet. 

6. Fine patent bonnet in fancy design. 

7. The original split straw bonnet, consisting of 140 
yards of plait, which required 292,320 operations in plait- 
ing during seven weeks, and took ten days in sewing. 

8. Split stmw bonnet with goffered design. 

9. British Italian split straw bonnet. 

10. Fine patent ftmcy bonnet. 

1 1 . Mom'uing fancy straw boimet. 

12. Fancy straw exhibition edge. 

13. Child's rice patent bonnet. 
14 — 17. New lace fancy bonnets. 

18 — 23. Crinoline and lace fancy bonnets. 
24, 25. Crinoline fancy bonnets. 
2G. Leghorn and lace fancy bonnet. 
27. Tuscan and lace bonnet. 
28—30. Giris' fancy hats. 

31. Girl's gipsy bonnet. 

32, 33. Boys' straw hats. 
34. Infant's rice straw hat. 



13 Allan, James, 1.58 Cheapside — Manufacturer and 

Designer. 

Split straw bonnet ; design formed by hand. White 
Italian r:hip ; prepared and manufactured in England, 
Hair and chenille — English. Goffered crinoline and straw ; 
English. Ciinoline aud cordonnet ; design formed by 
hand. 

Bedford straw. Goffered straw. Rice straw. Dun- 
stable straw. Choice specimen of whole straw, plaited 
by an old woman 80 yetu^ of age. 

Embroidered crape bonnet. Boy's rice straw hat. 
Young lady's hat. Tuscan hat, with painted satin 
trimming. 

14 Spluden, Woolley, Sanders, & Co., 42 Frtday 

Street — Manufacturers. 

Bonnet, exhibited for colour, design, and execution. 

Bonnet, nitule of English split-stiixw plait, exhibited 
for maiuifiicture and workmanship. Made by hand 
labour; it occupied 48 hours in making; and, though con- 
taining Ot) yaiYls of plait, is veiy light. 

Bonnet, miuie of English plait, showing the inner side 
of the straw. 



15 W00DHOUSE& Luck MAN, 33 W(hkI Street, Cheapside — 
Desiguei-s and Mjuiufacturers. 

Bonnets, manufactured from the English willow-tree, 
exhibited on account of their lightness and moderate cost. 

The crystal bonnet. 

IG WiNGRAVE & Sons, 02 Wi'od Street, and at St. Alhajis 

— Manufacturers. 
Variety of l)onncts and hats. 
Whole stmw bonnet. 
Sj^lit straw hat double and single. 
Inverted straw hat, comnionlv called rice. 
Whit^ and coloured willow hats. 
Straw and willow hats, mixed. 
White willow and palmett<^ leaf hats. 
Palmetto leaf and straw hat, mixed. 
Double s])lit straw hat. 
Tuscan straw hat. 
Balnietto leaf matting, 
Palmetto leaf and stmw hassock. 
I*ahnctto leaf ladies' work-biLsket. 

[A variety of different materials have been employed 
at diffei-ent times for the manufacture of bonnets and hats. 
Whe;it stmw, grown in different localities, jwjssesses, 
different characteristic qualities, which render it iulai>ted 
for the finer or for the coarser descriptions <»f stmw-plait 

2 Y 2 



578 



Class 20.— ARTICLES OF CLOTHING, FOR 
South Transept Gaij^by. 



[Uniteo 



manufactures. The inveraion of the straw gives to 
the plait a peculiar appearance, which has commonly 
led to the opinion that a different material has heen 
employed. The palmetto leaf, and the willow hats and 
bonnets, exhibit some recent applications of new materials 
for this purpose. — 11. E.] 



16a Long, George, Lomhcutcr, Wycoinf), Bucks — 
Inventor, Designer, and Miuiufacturer. 
Hats and bonnets mo^lo upon a lace-pillow— 1 . Straw 
plait and silk. 2. Horse-hair. 3. Manilla hemp. 
4. Twisted grass. 5. Sti*aw and silk. Designs registered 
by the exhibitor. 

17 HoMAN & Co., 30 & 40 C/n'siCtll Street, Finabury— 

Manufacturers. 

Printed regatta and other shirts; flannel vests; braces; 
purses; riding belts; garters, &c. 



18 Phillpotts, Mary Anne, 37 North Audiey Street 

— Proj)rietor. 
Figiu-e of a lady in full com*t dress, in the reign of Her 
Majesty Queen Victoria, 1851. 



19 Paterson, J., Wood Street f C/ieapsuie — Manufacturer. 

Fancy cravats. Black satin stocks. Improved braces, 
belts, collars. Shirt front, plaite<l in the loom. 



20 Nevill, Alfred, & Co., 121 Wocd Street, Cheapside 

— Producers. 
A piece of Irish linen made from the finest flax. A 
shirt, shirt-front, and collars, made from the above piece 
of linen. Richly embroidered neck-tie. 



21 Capper & Waters, 2G lietjaU Street, St. James's — 
Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Twelve shirts, all differing in form, including registered 
inventions, and of varied substances, in linen, cotton, 
wool, and silk, viz. corazza, giubba, frock, himting, Cana- 
dian ; tourist sottanello ; opera, embroidered ; court, new 
form of frill; fatigue, elastique transpirante ; Carlisle 
jacket; sottanello, single and double breast. Dressing 
gown, with trousers h la Turcjue. Detached shirt-fronts 
and collars, various. 



22 Abuett & Wheeler, 234 Regent Street, and 
23 Poultry — Manufacturers. 

Shirt of peculiar construction, without buttons. 
Child's jacket, pair of gaiters, and pair of gloves, exhi- 
biting specimens of Knglisli embroidery. 



23 Reid, W., 51 Conduit Street, Hanover Square- 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 

The registered " sans-pli" shirt. 



24 Brie, Joseph, &Co., 189 ReyaU Street — 

Producers and Designers. 

Shirt fronts, including the newest patterns, in runnings, 
stitchings, veinings, and embroidery. 
Shirts of an improved cut. 
Embroidered handkeixihiufs and flannel waistcoats. 



25 Marshall, William, 80 Regent Street — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Registered improved shaped shirt, cut to fit the 
shoulders, &c. 

26 Powell, S., 52 Regent Street — Inventor and 

Patentee. 
Bisunique, or reversible garments, coats, vests, trou- 
sers, paletots, &c. The royal bisunique jacket, con- 
structed of cloth which has two distinct faces of contrast" 
ing colours, in one fabric. 



27 Barnes, Thor. & Geo., 9 New Court, Ooswell Street-^ 
Designers and Manufaoturers. 

Registered buckskin braces, of new and old deaigns; 
exliibited as specimens of execution; the improvement 
conrtists, partly, in the attachment of the vulcaiiised 
India-rubber spring by adhesion. 

Flexible razor strops. 



28 Hemming, Edward, 6 Piccadilly — ^Designer. 

A model shirt, intended, by its peculiar shape, to adjust 
itself to the body and neck. Made of fine Manchester 
long cloth and Irish linen. 



29 Smith, John E., 3 Lawrence Lane — Manufacturer. 

Shirt, formed without the aid of seams or gathers. 

Specimen of Moravian needlework, illustrating the 
growth of flax; with the rose, shamrock, and thistle. 



30 Porter, Thomas, 94 Strand — Manufacturer. 
Specimen of a shirt cut on mathematical principles. 



31 Wagner, Louisa & Marian, Zlt Doddington Grove — 
Designers and Manufacturers. 

Plume of registered feathers and rosettes, in coloured 
mohair silk. Hand -netted silk handkerchief head-dresses; 
the same in floss silk, with lappets. 

Fancy bracelets, of various designs, produced by hand 
from common braid. Fancy silk (all hand-netted) dreea 
cape. Hand-netted Florence-pattern berthe, and dreea 
sleeves made of plain silk twist and ftBincy floss silk. Neck- 
tie of same material, en suite. Dress, opera, and ball caps, 
assorted, of gold, silver, and chenille. English mohair 
crochetted morning, smoking, or reading caps. 



32 Atloff, John George, 69 New Bond Street — 

Inventor. 

Ladies' shoes of various materials. 
Silk slippers, embroidered in gold, with the Queen's 
arms. 

Ladies' silk boots. Ladies' half boots. 



33 Weatherhfjld, Henrt, 27 Panton Street, 

Hayuuirkct — Manufacturer. 

Silk and India-rubber braces. Gros-de-Naplesbelt, with 
silk and India-rubber springs. 



34 Nicoll, Benjamin, 42 Regent Circus, and 46 

Lombard Street — Manufibcturer. 

Shirt of a new material, in silk. Shirt of Irish linen. 
Hunting shirt. 

35 Christys, 35 Gracechurch Street, Ixmdon, and Stock- 

port, near Alnnc/iester — Hat Manufacturers and 
Hatters' Furriers. 

Specimens, illustrating the manufacture of hats, con- 
sisting of materials in the raw state, prepared for use, and 
in the difierent stages of manufacture, up to the finished 
state. 

Beaver. — Beaver skin, dark colour; the same with the 
coarse hair taken ofi*. Beaver skins, silvery colour; the 
same with the coarse hair taken ofi* one side, with the fur 
partly cut off by the cutting machine. Musquash skin; 
the same with coarse hair taken off. The preceding are 
the produce of the Hudson's Bay Compan/s territories. 

Newtriaskin, as imported from Buenos Ayres; the same 
with the coarse hair taken off. Vicima skin from the 
AndM, as imported from Lima. Rabbit skins — ^home. 
Hare skins — home and Turkish. 

Machine for cutting the fur off the skin, by passing it 
stretched through rollers over a sharp blade, against 
which it is struck by the fall of an iron beam worked by 
a crank, and so ac^ usted as to cut off the fur without cut- 
ting through the felt. 



EnroDOM.] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Transept Gallery. 



579 



XateruJs M prepared for ujse. — Beaver furs as cut from 
tbe Akin, and as prepared for use, the coarse hairs being 
taken out by machinery. The coarse haini an taken out. 
Newtria, muaquanh, hare, and rabbit furs, natund and 
prepared for une. 

WouU — Engliiih, Spanish, Saxony, Australian, and 
Vicuna wuoLii ; the same wnjthed and carded. 

The manufacture of felt hatct is illuMtrated in the 
ftillow ing H|»ecimen0 : — The fur for the body of a hat 
Idfiire felting as first fonned by the workman with the 
vibritian of a bowstring; in the first stage of felting; and 
e^intpletely felted. The hat body stifTened ^-ith watei'])ro<)f 
Aimpi>Kiti(>n prepared from materials. Tlie beaver fur ha 
I^vpareil for putting on the body to form the nap, and 
mixed with cotton to prevent the outside covering of the 
bes&ver fn>m felting together instead of adhering to the 
b>>ly: the same, in the fir»t stage of sticking. The hat 
if^er the nap ia felted on, by rolling in boiling water, imd 
^btwing the vegetable substance (the cott<»n), separnting 
fr icj the animid substance (the beaver), which hua ad- 
her«i t4> the bodv. The hat in the cone completely nap- 
|*»1 and cleared from the cotton by a process of combing. 
The hat und}*ed after shearing by miichincry and blocking 
into form. The hat dyed with matorials. The hat in 
c«*mpleted state, after being bhx'kod by steam, finii«hed, 
tnmmei], and aha{je<l for wear. S})eciinons of hats of 
felted fur in the various materials, forms, and coloun*, us 
made f(»r home and foreign trade. 

The manufacture of silk hiits is shown in the following 
Kpecimentf :— The silk in the raw an imported, and as dyed. 
The velvet plu«h bh woven, and a^ finished for use. The 
foonilation or body of the hat, showing the arrangementH 
at the tf>p f«.»r ventilation, and at the brim, to prevent the 
DyiLdture from the hea^l jiasHing through to the silk on 
the uutidde. The hat in the c<>mplete<l state. 

Hati« of old manufac*turc ; illustrating the change of 
fhape and improvements in make, during the poitt nixty 
\r.kn«, amuiged in decennial periods. The cocked hat 
Uf.u>« the stamp of the government (internal) duty of 
:i'. • •/. tht*n levioil on hats of home mannftictuix^ above 

tLr VSiluo of is*. 

T-. <'!"» u-Mid in the inxmufacture of hats. 

'The manufiicture of silk h.ats Iuxa att<iiiied a condition 
of \;%.«it iiiiitui-tance. The muton.il emj>loyed to iniitiito 
th-fiir i.- a silk plush, manufactiu-od to a large extent in 
Kruri.inii for the exprc-'M pnrj>ofie. It w estiuiattnl that 
i"«':r 2.V •.'"••• dozen silk hat^j are made in L<mdon, Man- 
ciji^top. I.iv<-ry»«M.)l. Birmingham, and (ibiHgow. The 
ir.r.'ial v;iluo of nilk hats produced in England is esti- 
li.:ir..vl at aU)ut i>«"»,M0O/.] 



:>; 



Ford. Richard, \i<:y Str.nnJ — Manufacturer. 



.^Lirt. exhibited for plain needlework, and improved 
f nn. 






(tLENXV, ClIARLKS. :'►;> LoUi'md ^^trci't, City — 

Propnetor. 

C-itton h««Kiorj-. I-'wlies' ntookings, fine, four thn*a«ls. 
K\ threa-ii* ht-eU and feet, weighint: only .**evcn ounces. 
Mr«1iiiui ijuiility, stout. M*ven thread.-*, nine thread heel.-^ 
Jtiid fe<-t. <ientU'nien*rt fine half hone. Manufactured at 
F*ilV»riir,jan. in Ireland, where the cotton underi^oes a i>re- 
uir.iti'»n vihii.h imiMrt.-« to it softue-^.-i and eliWjticily. 

.'>.'^ SaNDLAND k CkANK. :>T\ Q-"n/,"nf, J^ricut Street — 

Inventors and Makers. 
Belt drawer*, exhibited on aHtatuette. Shirt exhibited 
on the same statuette. 



.'J'.* BB.4DSIIAW. 0., l«':l l!i.JiOf.s./,itr .S'//-.''/ Witfn'il, nml 

■J.'» H^iK ."^tri.t, htih'jton — Inventor and Patentee. 
P;it^nt fvtening. a** applied to gentlemen's collars (»f 
vrun-iu* ?»hj*i»i*s; a .«inipltj, yet speedy mode of fasteniu;:, 
j«:;ji«-r>«.*ilini; strings, loops, and other objectionable l'*>u- 

TL-; fAxno applicl to gentlemen's fronts and stocks, or 
^L»ctr-rouDd cravat*. 



Grentlemen's anti -rheumatic belt and drawers. This 
fastening i-egulatcs the size, gives support to the wearer, 
and is of advimtage in hunting, riding, or rowing. 

Waistcoat with the fastening, which keeps the garment 
in an ea«y imd graceful i)osition. The fti^tcning can be 
taken out while the wjustcoat is being I'c-di'estfed. 



40 JoUBERT, Carolink, 8 Miuhhx Street, Hanover Square 
— Inveuti^r and Manufacturer. 

Self-wljustiiig white watered corset, with a spring buak 
and improved lacing. 

Elastic coi-set belt, for invalids; made of India-rubber 
tifMuc, of Ki-cnch manufacture. 



40a Roberts, Grx)R(:K, IH:) Oxfunl Street — Mconufacturor. 

Corset made- in 21 i»ieces, all cut " on the cross," upon 
the expanding principle, with instiuit relieving backs ; cor- 
set, iiuide to fasten in the front with patent spring clasp, 
and gauze elastic si<les; corset, of the most simple con- 
struction, with })atent s^jring backs, no lacing being 
required. 

41 Piper, Thojias Foot, 4 IHshnji.-ttjdte Street Without 
— Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Mechanical spring-corset, silk bodice, simple bo<lice, 
andyoimg ladies' scapular or contractor. 



42 Martin, Emma & Eliz. H., :)<»4 Oxfni-d Street— 
Designei*s and Manufactuiers. 

Elastic bodice of white satin. The elasticity is pro- 
duced by the introduction of vulcanized India-iiibber 
in the back and sides, to render them expjuisive. Exhi- 
bited on an expanding bust, to show the utility of this 
mvention for free respiration. 

Riding bodice, of similar materials. The simplicity of 
the ftwteuing, the alisence of whadebone and lacing, and 
the shaj)e, distinguish the elastic bodice fz'om stays. 

Abdominal belt, jKiculiar in its H()ftnesjj and elawticity. 



43 SvKES, Mary K.. l'so //,•,/,/,/ St rot- Inventor and 

Manufactui'er. 

Corset, weighing only five oiuiees: the eliistic poilion 
made hy hand; the motle of fastening and unfastening 
is new. 



44 Dkvy, KuzA, 7:\ '>'r'->y<-,r-r Sf. ■;,■!. Inventor and 

ManufaeturiT. 
Now rei^istennl riding stays. Nursing Htays. Dress 
stays, jmd st^iys (»f the usual kind. 



45 Cappf.r, .Toiin.^S: S)\. iJ'J d.-'frrhnnh .^treet — 
Part Inventors and Makers. 

Rei^istered fohliu:^ b.is.-inettes or cradles, intended to 
fjicilitate the packinj^ an<l carriage of infants" bedding. 

Infant's l»asket. with its eontents. Infant's clothing, 
a.-st»z*te<l. Niglit-eap and dre.ss. All trimmed with hi-^h 
lace. 

4(> Thomas. W., & P.iumiKR.s IJ-^ & IJO C%:>j..^;,le— 

Manufacttirer-*, 

B«ints and shoes madf without stit<h»'~. jteir-*. nails, or 
rivet-i; with heeN on an impr«>veil priiuiple, IJoots with 
leather soles; with L'utta ]»ereha .-..h's; and ^^ith gutta 
percha soles with Iratln-r ed-.rcs. \Nhi«h pifvent the trutta 
jtereha from spread in;^ aud turniir^' tij. at the ftli^es. lM»ots 
with trutta pereha waist aud U-athersolf; l..o<.tswith leather 
waist and guttajuTtha soK-. 

Tmi»rov.-d heels; tho -ame. attath.-d to ^oh-s of various 
soi-ts, r>ootsand .-iiofs. with el:i-ti<- .-id«*-, madt; by sowing 
j.iece< of hidia-rublter to the iipj-rr kather and then to 
the Soli*. 

IJoots for person^ with fender fert. or invalids, with 
tln' innrr sole «'f >|M.M'_'y Iiidia-nd.l«fr. Sp«»n'-'y shors 
La.li.'^* b.M.t^, with j-'; li.-r'- i.at.-nt .•la.-tie spiing back.-<. 
DrawiuL'-room .^-lipiK-is, n»:ul«.' without .-eam. 



680 



Clabs 20.— articles OF CLOTHING, FOR 
S<)UTH Transept Gallery. 



[United 



Stays, made without Beams, known aa ''Paris woven." 
Silk. Thread. Patent woven elastic corset, having elastic 
threads introduced into the fabric. Webbing or tape for 
Venetian blinds, safety carpet and leathern bags. All 
patented. 

46a Shreeve, Mrs., Charing Cross — Inventor. 

Elastic knitted corset. 



48 Johnson & Co., 1 13 Regent Street. — Patentees. 

Patent ventilating hats. The principle of ventilating 
these hats being to admit the air through a series of 
channels cut in thin cork, which is faMtoiied to the leather 
lining, and a valve fixed in the top of the crown, which 
may be opened and shut at pleasure to allow the per- 
spiration to escape. 

Patent valves. Patent leather. Full-dress court hats. 
Royal state livery hats. Ladies' riding hats, &c. 

Field-marshal's, general's, and colonel's full-dress regu- 
lation cocked hats. 

Admiral's, captain's, and lieutenant's full-dress regula- 
tion cocked hats. 

[The general principles upon which a hat is made, are 
of a most imperfect description as far as relates to the 
comfort and probably, in a degree, to the health of the 
wearer. It has been conjectured that one among other 
causes of premature baldness, is the deficient ventilation, 
and the undue contraction of the rim of most hats. In 
the present instance an attempt to obviate these defects 
is exhibited.] 

49 Geart, Nicholas, 61 St. Jamc^s Street — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Improved and elastic corsets, for full-dress and other 
purposes. 

Elastic supporting-belts. 

Spinal supporting-corset, with invisible spring-crutch. 
Invalids* self-acting corset, with a plan for instantaneously 
unfastening the corset without unlacing (hi case of sudden 
indisposition). Perforated gossamer corset, for hot 
climates, &c. 

Hydropathic belt, constructed for equal pressm^ and 
support of the **umschlag," or compress, when worn 
round the body. 



50 Danix), Sons, & Co., 42, 43, 44 Cheapside— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of a new description of patent light net- 
work velvet hats, in various stages of manufacture. The 
foundation, or body, is made of net, which allows free 
ventilation; it weighs one oimce and a half. 



51 "White, William, 68 Cheapside — Manufacturer. 
Ventilating velvet-nap hats, and zephyr hats. 



51a Felix, Edward & Co., 10 Cheapside— 

Manufacturers. 
Hats of a peculiar construction, designed to render 
them elastic, waterproof, and ventilating. 



52 Aihton, Joseph, & Sons, 5.5 Comirall Hoad — 
Manufacturers and Inventors. 

Black and drabpatent elastic beaver hat on beaver body. 
Beaver felt hat, natural colour of the wool. 
Black beaver felt hat; beaver body. 
Light elastic velvet hat, on a gossamer body; French 
plush. 

Light elastic hat, on a stuff body, French plush. 



53 AsHMEAD & Tyler, J. T., 7 Afount Street, 
Berkeley Square — Inventors and Manufactiu*er8. 
Patent foldii^ hat, without springs. Soft velvet fold- 
ing haU ^dinerva hunting cap. 



54 Melton, Henry, 194 i?<?f7<?n<iS'/rcci — Manufacturer. 

Gentleman's hat of the ordinary size, made of English 
plush. The weight does not exceed three ounces. 

The pUwh was produced from the manufactory of 
Stephen Walters and Son, Finsbury. 

Lady's riding-hat, made of English plush, and of new 
design. 



55 Smith, George, & Co., Union Hall, Union Street, 
Jiorowjh — Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Light silk hat. Silk hat, the body of which is made 
on a new principle. Silk hat on soft felt body. Hat of 
a new shape. Ladies' riding hat, new shape. A gossa- 
mer body japanned by meaus of a new process; intended 
for sailors or others exiK)8ed to hot or cold climates. 

5G Dietrich, Frederick Augcste, 2 Bennett Street, 
B tad friars Boad — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Patent elastic hat lining; invented to prevent pressure, 
to retain a firm hold, and permit free ventilation. 

Newly-invented silk hat, the body of which, being 
comp<^)sed t>f horsehair, is porous aud elastic, ventilating 
and flexible. 

New military cocked hat, made from the same material. 

Gentlemen's court hat, and ladies* riding hat, made 
from the same material. 



57 



Barber, Samuel, Brentford — Inventor and 
Manufacturer. 
French silk hat, with body of Manilla grass, exhibited 
for novelty, durability, ventilation, waterproof, and other 
qualities. 

58 Stainburn & Baugh, G resham Street — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of felt materiids: English rabbit's fur, 8 
parts; Saxony lamb's wool, 3 parts; Llama, or red wool, 
1 part; weighing together l^z. 

The same, fonued into a hollow cone by a process 
called boring; the mixture and coherence of the fibre thus 
produced is the first stiige in the felting process. 

A felt body (Iwing the cone required for a hat), worked 
to the proper size and texture ; heat, moisture, pressure, 
and friction being the means by which it is perfected. 

A felt body, waterproof, stiffened vriih resinous gums 
dissolved in spirit. 

A beaver cover, which, when worked into a stiffened 
body, is called a hood. 

The beaver hood, ready for dyeing. 

A dyed or black Iwod, which, softened by a jet of 
steam, is drawn upon a block, and finished to the pre- 
cise size and style required. 

Flexile felt h&ts. — Silk hat, made from English plush. 

Felt body prepared for covering. Silk cover. 

Silk hat complete, new style. 

59 Zox, Lamen, 84 I^^ong Acre — Manufacturer. 
Registered Korychlamyd, or helmet cap. Patent 

aquatic naval life-cap. Folding college cap. Bacing, 
opera, and military caps. 

60 Grosjean, Frederick, 109 Regent Street — ^Inventor. 
Invention for producing a red stripe on r^^ental 

trousers, without the usual process of sewing one piece 
of cloth on another. 

Plan for securing money deposited in the pockets of 
trousers. 

Method of instantaneously detaching the skirt from 
the body of a lady's habit, by a spring fastening. 

Invention for excluding the cold air from the legs 
and feet of travellers. 



Gl Garrard, Robert & John, Loman Street, Southtcark 

— Manufacturers. 
Japaimed leather peaks for caps. Registered ji^mnned 
felt hat. Fireman's japanned leather helmet. Leather 
straps, cockades, &c. Models of japanned felt hats, of 
different shapes^ 



Edsodom.] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Transept Gallery. 



581 



62 Thompson & Son, 11 Conduit Street — ^Designers 

and Manufacturers. 
Xoniing jackets. Scarlet hunting coat. Cricket jacket 
ad trouaen. Woiatcoata. Laditi^ polka braided. — ^All 
of elastic webbing, of British manufacture. 

63 Valkbb, Babb, & Co., 346 Strand — Inventors. 
Registered wmterproof alpaca over-coat and case; the 

Mams in back and front of the arms are dispensed ynth : 
it is light in weight, and can be carritxl in a coat 
po^et. 

64 CouT, JoBN, 6 Marshall Street — Inventor. 

The " monomeroskiton," or single-piece coat; a fine 
dress coat of British manufietcture, constructed from one 
piece of cloth. 

64a Braun, Louis, 65 Wood Street, Cheapside — 

Manufacturer. 
FaDcy caps of various sizes. 



65 KiscB, Simon A., 250 B&jent Street— luyentor. 

Registered auto-crematic gown, with elastic springs and 
peculiar configuration of the neck, which prevent it from 
tiJling off the shoulders. 

Cassock waistcoat, answering the purpose of a waistcoat 
and short cassock. 



66 Bracnb, John, 26 Mount Street, Grosteiwr Sqttare — 

Producer. 
Travelling cap, with transparent \yeok, to protect the 
eyes firom wind, dust, &c., without olwtructing the virion. 
Ifanuiactured by Messrs. Christy and Co., Gracochurch 
Street. 

37 Lyons, J., 12 & 13 Artillery Place, Woolirich — 

Producer. 
MDitary caps. 

6t? Price. William, 115 Chancery Lane — Designor 

an(l Manufacturer, 
flexible spring gowns; law, clerical, and ci\ie. 

60 CcTLEB, William, 25 St. J airwa's Street — Inventor. 

The "duplexa," or niominf^ and evening coat; in- 
ttf'nde*! to anj*wer the purpose of two garments of opposite 
character. 

70 Bain, William, 141 Jfijh ]IoUt>.trn — Inventor. 
Floatable life-preserving cape cloak. 



71 Smith & Gibbs, Wclfin/jfu'nmth, Xorthnmptonshire, >m(l 
84 (yiC'tfutide — Inventors and Mannfjicturers. 

Cloth and leather gJiiters, w ith pat*.'nt fiwteningH, &c. 

Patent Eukneniida. in cloth and leather, Vttnr»U8. A 
Df'w Tno«l«? of fastening, a<la]>ted to variourt ai-ticlcH, jw 
i«Uy^. ladies' drei'sefl, &c. 

( 'arubridge ovor-c*oat waterproof in a new style, 

Natifn.ll cajje ami tnivcUing wrapper. Itc^ton-d for 
novelty, shajH^, and reversibility. 

Hatv* new in shape tuid material, calletl " Xo\imi 
I*iltfiirji/' 

.Silk tfla^^tic webbings and sandalings; exliibitotl for 
ci^l«»nr and «[uality. 

Youths* leggin-*, new cut and coloui-ed material. 



72 Gati*, Lacra Charix)ttk, Cjukt ICuUmSt,, PimUco-- 

Inveutor. 
M'»del «»f mame<l la^ly's ilress, with improvenionls 
wLich can be applied to dresses ali-eady made. 

73 HCRLET, Daniel, 10 If'tre Court, Ahh'rs,jatc ,^tnH — 

Inventf»r and Mannf;u:tiirer. 

I^y's safety jKK-ket, which ciuinot l>e picked r>r cut 
frum the person without the wearer's knowledge. 



Model of a pair of trousers, so constructed that they 
may be worn three different ways, either as a French 
bottom, or gaiters attached, or plain bottom, with im- 
provements. 

74 Cahan, Edward, 371 Strand — Designer. 

The "Anaxyridian" trousers. The peculiarity con- 
sists in the cut, which is so juTimge<l that they remain as 
a fixture to the heel without stra^M; and dispense with 
braces. 

75 Shinton, R., 29 Spencer Street, St. Geonje'sEaat. 
A pocket pixjtector. 



76 



Bethel, AVare, & Co., 62 AlJcrmanbunj — 
Manufacturera. 



Camellia in vase, leaves of Ltiton plait. Flower of chi p 
imported from Italy. Vase of variegated Luton plaits. 

Young latly's hat, fancy Devon plait. 

Lady's riding hat, i^itcnt Luton plait. 

Boy's hat, fine Devon plait. 

Infant's hat, jiatent Luton plait. 

(lentleman's hat, broad Luton plait. 

Ladies' bonnets, including pitent Luton plait in 
WTeaths; convolvulus leaves of Luton plait; flower and 
insertion, Italian chip. Beetles* wings, coloured Luton 
plait. Primroses, leaves Luton plait, flowers Italian chip. 
Italian chip in wreaths. Whole Dimstable plait. Plain 
Luton plait. Plain -sewn chip; material imported from 
Italy. Broad Luton plait. 

[The plait, technically called "Luton plait," is made in 
imitation of the " whole Dunstable " plait. It consists 
of double seven straws, and is a coarser kind of mateiial 
than the Dunstable. Its ap])lication to the manufacture 
of ornamental articles is illustrated in the articles ex- 
hibited. It deserves notice, that of late an increase in 
the import of unmanufactured material (straw, &c.) from 
Italy has taken place, and hius lieen accompanied by a 
corresponding decrease in that of manufactured articles 
in plait. The plaiting of foreign material is carried on 
to a lai-ge extent in this country.] 



77 Roberts, Edward Ik)Yi), 2.V.» luymt Street, and 

'A'2 Mfn-ij-itr, ('ity. 

The beaver {Caster pf ><■/■), applied to articles of clothing. 



78 Dent, Aixtroit, & Co., 07 W' 0.1 Street — 

Mann fact urera. 

An assortment of ladies' aiid gentlemen's gloves, of 
various materials, colours and styles. Ladies' th"ab ki«l 
gloves, sewni, and fancy eolcjurs. Sec. ; pointed, fancy 
llorentine; and black ki<l, with fiuiey sewings. 

Gentlemen's drab and coloured kid gl<»vea, Dundee 
sewn; bhu^k calf gloves, tan sheep gloves, for driving. 

Ladies* and gentlemen's white, drab, and real fawn 
gloves. 

Ladies' and gentlenion's cuhmred kid gloves, lined 
chamois and i>ink silk, and a variety of otlu^r gloves. 



7\) TiiRKSiiEii k G LENNY, 1 r»J ."^^'//i'/ —Manufacturers. 

Thresher's hiilia gau/.e w.iiste<»ats. Silk and thread ho- 
siery. Silk and laiuhs'-wool h«»-iieiy. Iiii]»r«»ved sjjiin- 
silk hosiery. Speciniriis «»f tin* respective qualities of 
silk liosiery. Gau/.f ripun-silk waistcoats, exhibited as 
sj)eciniens of spun silk for undei- elothing, ( lau/e merino 
waistcoat.i. Hand-spun silk h'»sit'ry. exhibited iis a speci- 
men of hosiery, in.ide from w.i'^te r^ilk. 



80 Ball, William Y.. &('o., -i-' Wl-'f.'^trrrf, aeip^ile— 

Manufaeturers. 

Kid leather trloves. cut autl made in Kngland; niami- 
factured from French dre-<' d ki<l skin**. 
A gloNe in its unlinished .-'tate. 



582 



Class 20.— ARTICLES OF CLOTHING, FOR 
South Transept Oalleht. 



rUNrrrj) 



81 Lart, John, & Son, 116 Wt^^xi Street, Chctfysnk, 
tnut Hatlitwl Street, NottiujUnrn — Inventors and 
Manufacturei*H. 
Ladies' Lisle thread Lose, in plain and open work, of 
new patterns; nmniifacture<l at Nottingham. I^idios' 
silk jacket, trimmed, woven and fai«hioned in the Htockiug 
frame; manufactiire<l at Nottingham. Oentlemen'H cot- 
ton and silk pantaloon drawers, with elastic wash.iblo 
gussets; and various specimens of gentlenien's cotton and 
spun silk Iialf hone, and children's socks, and gentlemen's 
merino, Cashmere, and sptiu silk vests. 



82 FowNES Brothers, 41 CUenpskir — Manufacturers. 

Ladies' gloves, manufacture<l from kid-skins, produced 
in Ireland and dressed in England. 

Gloves, manufactured from French-dressed kid-skins. 

Taffety silk, union silk, velvet, and Lisle thread gloves; 
beaver, cashmere, goat, and vicuna wool gloves. 

Kid-glove in its various stages of manufacture. 



83 Macdouoall, Donald, Inrcrncss, Scotland — 

Manufacturer. 

Short pieces of loom-wove tweeds, adapted for deer- 
stalking and grouse shooting, by their i>eculiar colours, 
the natural hues of the rocks and muirs, the haunts of 
deer and grouse ; also for fishing. 

A piece of loom- made tweed, from Shetland wool, soft 
and elastic. 

Fine loom-made tartans, for (blesses, showing the cor- 
rect sets of cUm patterns. Loom -made plaids. 

Highland carpets, called ** The Royal " (new design), 
made from first-class Sutherland Cheviot wool. Pieces 
of home-manufactured tweed, one made at Tongue, in 
Sutherland, dyed from heather and crotal (a lichen), the 
colours rare ; the other made at Skye. 

Piece of home-manufactured tweed, made at Ord, in 
Roas-shire, natural colours of deer- wool, brown and white; 
and a piece made at Avoch in Ross-shire. 

Pieces of home-spun tartans, from Perthshire. 

Plaid manufactm^d at St. Kilda, and a small sample of 
tweed; exhibited as curiosities, illustrating the industry 
of the natives of the most remote of the British islands ; 
the yam is spun by the distaif, and woven in a native- 
made loom. 

Home-made plaids: specimens of home-knitted stock- 
ings and socks, dyed from heather, soot, crotal (a lichen), 
alder-bark, &c. 

Home-made gloves, some of wool, and one pair of the 
wool of the white moimtain hare; exhibited because the 
material is unusual. 

Knitted shawl made in the island of Lei^^is, and another 
from Sutherland. A woman's shoulder plaid manufac- 
tured in the year 17G8, showing the state of industry in 
Lewis eighty-three years ago. Towel made from flax, 
grown, spun, and woven in that island. 

Sample piece of linsey-woolsey, made of Cheviot wool 
and bog cotton {hVinphorum Viujiiuttum), the latter now 
first used in manufactures. 

Sample of tweed made of vicuna wool, and under- 
dresses of the same material. 

Home-made plaid blankets, from Ross-shire and Suther- 
land. 

Highland brooches, made of carved bog-o?^, deer's 
teeth, and Cairngorms. 

Highland ornaments : a purse, horn, skeindhu, and 
drinking cup. 

Small quantities of yam, showing the follo^^ing native 
dyes, from crotal (a lichen), colours, drab and brown 
heather, yellow, and a specimen of green ; cudbear, 
(a lichen), colours, drab and bro^vn, and a lighter shade 
alder-bark and water-lily root {X'^inphci alh.i or Nuphar 
Inten) black; soot, dark bi-owTi ; rhubarb, bufi*. 

Specimens of rock crystal, or "Cairngorm," from the 
mountain of that name in Inverness-shire. Native dye- 
stuffs; water-lily root, alder-bark, heather, cudbear plant 
(a lichen), and crotal (a lichen). Sample of bog-cotton 
(^Eriophonjan vaginatiim). 



[The white mountain hare, mentioned by the exhibitor, 
is the Lejtus rnruibilis, a distinct special from the common 
bare, and an inhabitant of the mountainous districts only 
in Britain, though in Ireland a variety of it takes the place 
of the common hare. It is identical with the hai^ of 
Norway. 

The cotton-grasses, or bog-cotton, are species of sedge 
of the geiuis Kriopl^irum. The E. vvjiuat'tm, single- 
headed cotton-grass, and the K. poJystachin, a many- 
headed species, are the most common, and are abundant 
in all the bogs throughout the British Islands. There 
are other kinds also, but rarer. Their spikes are invested 
with Umg cottony hairs, beautifully white. Many at- 
tempts have been made to employ this substance in manu- 
factures, for which it seems well adapted, but (until that 
now exhibited) without success. The material is very 
abundant, especially in Scotland and Ireland. — E. F.] 

84 Holmes, James, & Co., 171 liojetit Street — 

Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Cashmere quilted full-dress or opera cloak, composed 
of the finest white wool worke<l into small diamond- 
shaped cells, with 1,2U0 gold i)endants of various sizes, 
one being placed at the point of each alternate cell. The 
inside or lining w of white satin, quilted, with emble- 
matical wreath of the United Kingdom. In the centre 
is a figure of Britannia, quilte*!, with >^Teath around. 
The hood is in keeping with the cloak, quilted, with 
device in gold work. 

Registered shawl cloak, woven in one piece, with a 
hood of same material, designed and manufactured by 
the exhibitors. 

Patterns of cauneleon cloth, a new material, with two 
distinct colours. 

Cloak, made of the cameleon cloth; registered by the 
exhibitors. 

85 WiGHAM &Co., Kdiiifnirtjh — Manufacturers. 

Tartan plaids, or long shawls of various Highland clans, 
combined and 8ei>arate. 

86 Solomon, Sarah, 52 York IUhiJ, Lambeth — 

Uesigner and Manufacturer. 
A lady's English costume ball-dr^s, embroidered with 
gold and silk. The costume fashioned, made up, and 
embroidered by the exhibitor alone. 

87 GwATKiN, E.MILY & EuzA. 37 WestiHmsierBru.hjc lioad 

— Designers. 

Bonnet made from cotton, worked into form by crochet, 
and brought into finished shape by registered method. 

Bonnet made of satin, -of new design and workmanship; 
formed from 300 separate pieces. 

88 Oliver, B. S., Nottingham — Manufacturer and 

Importer. 
Viirietiesof i)asteboard boxes for containing lace, hosiery, 
gloves, and fancy articles. 

89 Miles, Simeon, 89 Btmhitl /?ot/>— Producer. 
Variety of Berlin wool work. 

90 Saxton, Alfred, Nottingham — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' mitts, cuffs, and gloves, embroidered and 

made of silk; neck-ties and silk shawls, Jacquard pat- 
terns, &c. 

" Antimacjissar" toilet covers and tray -covers, centred 

pattern, Jacquard. 

91 Shaw, John, Hatiford, near Nottingham — 

Manufacturer. 

Berlin wool vest, made from the stocking frame, with 
the Jacquard. 

Piece for \\'indow curtains from the stocking frame, and 
^'antimacassar" from the stocking frame (cotton). 



ElXGDOM.J 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Traxbept Gallery. 



583 



92 Thi-rman', Picgott, 8c Co., Friar Lane, Nottingham 

— Manufacturers and Inventors. 
Hooerr goods, manufactured under Thurman's patent, 
from lilk. 

93 Gaixoway & Sons, Nottingham — Manu&cturers. 
A variety of silk gloves. 

94 FuBLEY, John, Nottingham — Manufacturer. 

Ladies* and gentlemen's merino vests, in wool and 
mixed materials. 



96 HoLUSS, S., Nottiiy/ham — Manufacturer. 

Lace goods. Machine-made cotton Brussels neta and 
bees, figured by the needle. Various hosiery goods. 

97 MiiBSOS, R. & J., Nottitigham — Manufacturers. 

Silk gloves. Lisle thread, spun silk, plated silk, and 
fleevy lined gloves. 
Patent Brayama gloves ; a new material, fleecy inside. 
Embroidei^ gloves. 

08 Carver & Gilbert, Noitingham— Proprietors and 

Manuf iicturers . 
Ci»tton, Nov! silk, spun silk, merino and Cashmere gen- 
tlemen's and ladies' ve8t«. 



99 HcRST & Sons, NMingham — >Ianufacturer8. 

Brown and white, plain, open-work, and embossed 
Ck.ttton hose and half -hose; cotton and spun silk drawers 
and ve«t8. 



100 Allen 8c Solly, Nottingham and London*— 

Min ufiict urers . 
Samples of hosiery ; with samples intended to show the 
progre^u of cotton-spinning for the hosiery trade from an 
eoirly peri4Kl to the present time. Specimens of cotton, 
li-lt; thrca<l, linen thread, spun-silk, and merino hosiery. 

1m1 3Iorlev, J. & H., Loll Inn tunl Nottingham — 

Man ufiict urci*s . 
Sj'<r»ji!neiL«* of whit-e cotton stockings for ladies. 
"VVljito Lisle thread ntockiugs. 
Kik.KnL'j^an stockings. 
Silk .-'t'^kiniM with cotton tops. 
Silk "'t.'ckinj^s. 

Silk sr.»ckin;;j*. Isico open work. 
Jvill'iiL'iran stfK:kin}r8. hice ojien work. 
r'Lil.lren'j* r\tnn silk Hnxgjinza gloves, fleeced, 
rhildrt-u'.-* ooloure^l silk gloves. 
Kimv colo\ire<l silk j^Iovoh for ladies. 

< "hiMreu's white cotton stockings 

< 'hildren's brown cotton Derby ribbed HOcks. 
rhiMrvu'i* white Lisle thread socks. 

< hildreu's white Lisle thread socks, lace oi:)en work. 

< IiiMnrn'.s silk socks, lace open work. 
riitt<»n half-hose for gentlemen. 
KiihriiTirrin half-hose. 

L'.ill.iri^tr.tn half-hose, Derby-ribbed. 
<'"tt>»n half-ho»«c, with spun silk double feet (curious). 
( -f*t'.»n luilf-ho.-^e, with fancy merino feet. 
I'-.'rby-ribWd cotton half hose, with fancy meiino feet. 
• "'•t'l.'n half-hose, with real beaver feet (superior). 
D'.-rby-nbbeil cotton half-hoso, ^v'ith real beaver feet 
(.- ijHf.ri. .r). 

K'-noy merino half-hose. 

?'.in':y merin«» Derby -ribbed half ho.se. 

Spun -ilK shirts for gentlemen. 

Silk rrhiltS. 

i>l>Mn silk Braganza shirts, fleeced. 

lnU Tru'^s & Co., H!'i>:\friirs AVi'/ — Manuf acturei-s. 

Lwlif.V habit hat. •* (^tieen's," oritonal design, composed 
• •f f'iik plui^h antl tinishetl with .satin, under side tnninied 
wirh plu-*h, bjind and plumes, on tine cotton body, ven- 
tiut<r<l. light and eWtic, 

Ladies' habit hat ** Princes-s," original design. 



Ladies' habit hat "Duchess," original design, trimmed 
with a fine brush feather. 

Ladies* habit hat *' Princess," novel colour, composed 
of silver-grey silk plush, finished with satin under side, 
and trinnued. 

New design, gentlemen's drab hats composed of fine 
woollen cover, on cotton body, very light and elastic, 
and well ventilated, suitable for hot weather and climates, 
being a ''non-conductor" of heat. 

Gentleman's hat, new design, composed of silk plush, 
improved finish, cloth undei*side, very light and elastic. 
The same, with original design. 

103 Bernt & Meluard, 5« Great Guildford Street, 
S'mt/orar/:, and 203 Stran<i — Manufacturers. 

Military and court hats, new styles. Napless beavers. 

Ladies' black napless beaver riding hats, exhibited for 
their texture, and style. 

Silk plush hats, with elastic felt and other bodies. 

Folding oixjz'a hat, made of velvet. 

104- Kveleigh & Sox, Matwhester — Manufacturers. 
Various kinds of hats, in silk, felt, and cork. 



105 SiMMONDS & Woodman, Oldham — Manufacturers. 

Beaver hatting materials, from the skin to the hat, 
complete. 

Gentleman's black beaver, di*ab, and napless hats, 
trimmed complete. 

Black silk hats, and patent reflectors. 

Ladies' white and drab beaver, napless, full trimmed. 

Child's white and drab beaver, napless. 

106 Standish, Anne, Kidderminster — Lace-worker 

and Producer. 
Court dress of needle-work. 



107 Hill, Luke Marshall, U7<iY'v/^Inventor. 

*' Unique habit," cut out in one piece, and having no 
seam on the top of the shoulder, the outside of the arm, 
or down the middle of the back. 



103 Watts, William, Il(in'>urg — Inventor. 

Complete coat, trousers, and gaiters, in one piece, 
without any seam. 

100 WAiisii & Co., i)'/i:,^>/— I'roducers. 

Embroidered over-coat. 



110 CouLDiNG, Johnson, Jicrcrlrg — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Novel full-dress coat, the body of which is cut out of 
one piece of cloth, with two seams insteatl of nine. 



110a Lke, J. — rrtxlucer. 

'Quilted coat, and instrument for quilting. 



Ill IIauris & Tom KINS, Af>iji;j<f(>n, Berks — 

^Ianufacturei"s, 

Two worked frocks for agricultural labourei*s, in white 
duck; the desii^ns by Thoui;is Watson. One worked by 
Hannah Stinipson, a cottager of Iliidley, lierks; on the 
sides are the national emblems, the royal cro\\ni, doves 
bearing olivebi'anches, iuterworked \vit]nnotti>es — '* Vivat 
Regiua," and "Peace with all the w«»rld." The coll;\r and 
shouMer-straps bear approjjriate devices; the wristbands 
disitlav the rovalcmwn, enclosed in a scroll, iuterworked 
with the ni(»tt.o. " Loni; live our gracious Queen." At the 
end are the Prince of Wales's feathers. The bosom and 
sleeves are fancifully g-auired, and display the crown, rose, 
shauirofk, thistle, sprij^.^, i»tc. 

The other worked by Ksther Stinipson, sister of the pre- 
ceding. The side-work represents Industiy, with Fame 
crowning her with a wivath; above are a wheatsheaf, 
rioweiv. N:c. The collars contain agricultund imjilenients, 
encircled with mottoes, '' God s^xjcd the plough," and 



684 



Clam 20.— ARTICLES OP CLOTHING, FOB 
South Tbaksept Gallebt. 



rUxmD 



"Success to agriculture." The shoulder-fetn^M show a hive 
of bees, Ac. ; the wristbands, oak boughs and acorns; the 
bosom and sleeves are gauged in the same style. 



112 Caulcheb, J. Ti.f AnatrntKer Villa, Boundary Soad, 
St, John*s Wood — ^Inventor. 
Life-preserving elastic cork jacket, capable of being 
worn unobserved under a coat or a mantle ; and, in con- 
sequence of its pliability, can be worn comfortably whilst 
rowing a boat, &c. — Registered. 



113 DoUDXET, E., 17 Old Bond St., 25 Bitrlhujton 

Arcade, and 49 Lombard Street — Inventor and 

Maker. 
The waterproof Irish poplin registered cloak. The 
application of the waterproofing process to Irish poplin 
protects it from injury bv wet, and renders it suitable 
for ladies' dresses, for yachting, and exposure to wet and 
damp. 

114 Lewis & Son, 1 Quiet Street, and 1 John Street, 

Bath — Designers. 
Over-coat, of novel design and light texture. 



115 DiNGLET, W. & S., Sherborne, Dorset — Inventors. 

A new overcoat, combining a paletot, trousers, and 
railway wrapper, which may be luied or not at pleasure, 
for walking, driving, or riding; registered as "Dlngley's 
Protector." 

115a Cross, C, & Co., Corporation Street, Manchester — 

Manufficturers. 

Articles of clothing made by power-loom. 



116 Far, John Liddon, U^miton, Devon — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 

Dress coat : the body is cut in one piece, without back, 
body^ under-arm or lappel seams. Round jacket, similarly 
out. 

Registered measure, called by the inventor the ''cardinal 
point measure and rule," for taking the dimensions of the 
human figure, and adapted to every variety of shape. 



117 Qbiffin, Benjaxin, ffi'jh Street, Leominster, 

Herefordshire — Inventor. 
Four arithmetical, geometrical, and self- variable systems 
of cutting in one book. These systems contain a number 
of mathematical figures or diagrams, to form certain 
shapes, for making coats, vests, trousers, and other 
garments. 

118 McOee, J. Q., & Co., Belfast — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered vests : the designs are by pupils of the 
Belfast Government School of Design; and the em- 
broidery the work of poor girls who have been only nine 
months under the tuition of the exhibitors. 



119 Smith, Charlotte, Bedford — Inventress. 

Patent symmetrical corsets, enabling the wearer to re- 
gulate the pressure of the stay (as may be required) in a 
simple manner. 

latent " soccopedee elasticus," or elastic silk boots, 
manufactured by Mr. Longdon, of Derby. The top part 
is woven all in one piece, and being composed of an 
extensible material, with elastic ankle-band, it adapts 
itself to the shape of the leg and foot, without side-springs 
or lacings, and gives support to the ankle. 



120 Gallaway, T., 43 Albion Street, Leeds— 

Manufacturer. 
Three woven corsets. 



121 Oddt, S., Armley, Xeftif— Manofaotorer. 

Coloured fine wool shawls, with embroidered oomen, 
and other ornaments. 



122 TiNSLBT, J., & Co., Leeds — ^Manufacturers. 

Improved woven corsets for ladies, without a seam; 
made of prepared cotton 3ram, free from any dressiiig 
composition ; exhibited for shape, workmanship, and 
utility. 

123 MiDDLEBROOE, T., Leeds — Manufacturer. 
Military officer^s cap and cover. Black silk velvet 

smoking or carriage cap. 

124 Halet, William, Leeds — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Protection travelling cap, peculiarly adapted for cold 
climates. 



125 



MoLLADT, John, & Sons, Wancick — 
Manufacturers. 

Specimens showing the manufacture of a stuff hat, from 
the raw material through seven different stages to the 
complete hat. 

New design of a lady's embossed felt bonnet, trimmed. 

Stuff rustics, novel styles ; sombrero hats, varied colours; 
new designs in children's fancy hats, and coloured felt 
bonnets. 

Silk hats, ventilating, cork, and gossamer hats, exhibited 
for lightness and elasticity. 

Light aephyr hat, weight under three ounces. The 
lightness is attained by Uie introduction of a new com- 
bination of material in the body. 

Welsh lady's hat; " Cardiganshire;" of improved 
design. 

[By the technical term "stuff hats," is meant the best 
description of hats made in imitation of beaver. In these 
hats the fur of various animals is employed, and is applied 
to a foimdation which is rendered waterproof by the appli- 
cation of spirit vamishee. The annual value of stuff hats 
produced in this country is taken to be about 800,000/.] 

126 Carrington, Samuel & Thomas, Stockport — 

Manufaotiu^rs. 

Pearl, drab, and silvery -cloth and felt hats, raised jup. 

Brown nutria, natural colour, felt hat, made of beaver 
and other furs. 

Fawn or buff, and other kinds of felt bats, light and 
elastic. 

Silvery grey and black hats. 

Brown felt fishing hat; waterproof, soft, and flexible. 

Felt rustics, of various qualities. 

Ladies' flexible felt riding hats. 

Children's felt hats, natural colours. 



126a Pearson, John, 7 Gorse Brow, Stockport — 

Manufacturer. 

White beaver bonnet. 



127 Taylor & Co., St. James Street, Rochdale-- 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of silk plush for hats. 

127a Lebb, a., Manchester — ^Manufacturer. 

Felt, velvet, and alpaca hats. Cloth cape. 



128 McRae, John Jamieson, Neioark, Notts — Designer 

and Inventor. 

A triple stay, adapted for use in portions of male attire 
which require to be made strong. 

A waistcoat which can be lengthened or shortened at 
pleasiure, with the triple stay attached, adapted for 
sununer wear. 

Finest alpaca summer coat, with the triple stay attached ; 
with four pockets, weight 6 oz., and can bo worn either 
■ide. 

A waistcoat of improved form and arrangement, made 
to supersede the use of braces across the shoulders. The 
ftibric was manufactured by Messrs. Aaron Peace and 
Co., Clayton West^ near Huddersfield. 



Edegdom.] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Transept Gallery. 



585 



An improved self-sustainiiigtop to drawers, intended to 
npenede the use of belts. 



129 Johnston, J., Stirling — Manufacturer. 

Hose, showing improYoments at different periods. 



130 



Patebson, J., Dumfries — Designer and 
Manufacturer. 

A web of patterns, a vest, several vest pieces, and half- 
how. AH made on the common stocking frame, and 
exhibited for warmth, durability, and design. 



131 DaRUNg, O., 35 George Street, Perth — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 

Gentleman's hat, thoroughly waterproof and ventilated ; 
Uie mode of ventilation being quite novel. Highland 
boimets. 

132 Gibson, Capt., Perthshire — Producer. 
Shepherd's plaid of natural colour. 



133 Laing, John, Ifaicick, Scotland — Manufacturer. 

PsttemA of hosiery and under-clothing knitted upon the 
stocking-frame, made from Australian wools. 



134 Hadden, Alexander, & Sons, Aberdeen — 

Manufacturers. 

Elnitting worsteds, spun from British wools. Card 
eontaining 1,(HX> colours, dyed on worsteds manufactured 
from British and Saxony wools. Knitted worsted shawl 
and hosiery. 

135 Smart, Richard, 10 Upper Eaton Street, 

Gruszenijr Place — Inventor. 

The " Subclavian sector" — so called by its measures 
being taken fnim the armpit ; an apparatus for obtaiuiug 
m »re correct measurement of the human body. 



l^J^A Cattanach, Charles, AU^rdecn — Inventor. 

Apjiaratu.-? for meaKuring the human figure, and for 
trail:* ft-rring the measure to cloth so as to produce an 
exact lit of garment. 

lo»> Ri>Y, Jesj-ik, Ferri/hill, Aberdeen — Inventor. 

A l.uid^cape, knittc»<l in Berlin worsteds. A jmir of 
suickini^, with Ca«hmere i>attem. 



l.'iT Wood, Janet, Stiurhaven, Scotlmd — Mtmufacturer, 
pAir of fancy knitted worsted gloves. 



1;)!^ Webb, Capt. Theodosius, R.E., ^Voolu:ich — 

Pr<xhicer. 

Sf **viiiien of knitting from the Shetland Isle.*, allowing 
-'»■ J I. litems use*! by the inhabit^mts. The art of dyeing 
^■Mil is oinriidered to have been taught them by .Sn«iiiianls 
T»T»xke<l there, after the dispersion of the " Invincible 
AnuAiiA." 

l.jl* Whiteiifad, William, & Sox. 41 South Drul ;e 
.>'lretjf, Kdinh'iniU — ^Lui nfactiirei-s . 

T.irt.ui h-we, clan Breadalbano (or Campbell), made on 
a N'>. >- gaze-fnuiie; each pair containing l,:50n dianiondrt 
('»r •t.juare-) made fn)m fine worsted. Clan Maol)uff, con- 
uining .>4" diainonrb*. Clan Royal Stuiui; silk t«irtan, 
made on a Xo. 41 gsize 3-needle frame. 



14<"j Kate, Findlay, & Co. Lawjhohn, and Glosjoic — 

Manufacturers* 

Cheviot wool horte: six pairs of women's two-thread 
irrey. and rix i»airs white; twelve pairs children's white, 
and MLX jjairs men's j^ey; twelve ^mirs men's luilf ho.-*c. 

Six pairs women's hose, with ribl>cd toj>s, Saxony 
vix;l ; twelve pairs men's half ho.^ grey Shetland wool ; 



twelve pairs men's four -thread brown half hose; twelve 
pairs men's, vicuna wool. 

Six women's gauze v^ts, six children's gauze vests, 
and six women's full dresses, all Cheviot wool. 

Six men's gauze pantaloons, and six men's three-thread 
pantaloons, of Cheviot wool. Three men's four-thread 
Saxony wool pantaloons; six men's two-thread, and one 
ribbed, Cheviot wool, pantaloons. 

Six men's vests, of Cheviot wool, with long sleeves, 
double-brea.sted, and shaped shoulder; six of the same, 
single-breasted. Six pairs of No. two and three-thread 
white worsted knit hose. 



141 Scott, Peter, ^ South Bridge, Edinburgh — Designer 

and Manufacturer. 

The V-broasted and swivel-collared shirt. 



142 Mackenzie, William Bailue, 126 Princess Street, 

Edinburgh — Proprietor. 

Articles knitted bv the hand in the Shetland Islands, 
from the wool of then* sheep. 

Shawls ; handkerchief ; child's frock ; veils of the 
natural -coloured wool; white and coloured gloves; ladies' 
white and coloured mitts; ladies' brown and white stock- 
ings, very fine wool ; an exti-emely fine pair of stockings ; 
natural -coloured socks; white knee-caps ; brown leggings, 
natural colour; sleeves; ladles' caps; nightcaps; wigs; 
comforters, and shirt. 

Specimen of Shetland yam, handspim; and of the 
Shetland wool, as it is taken from the sheep. 

Articles that are knitted in Fair Isle, one of the Shet- 
land Islands. — Fair Isle socks, gloves, vest piece, com- 
forter, and cap. 

Shawls and veils, knitted by the hand in Shetland from 
a thread spim by machinery, composed of wool and silk 
together. 

[Knitting is the chief employment of the female inha* 
bit^mts of these isles in their ovra homos. Stockings 
have been made there from a very jmcieut period ; but 
the fanciful knitting, comprising shawls, &c., is of recent 
introduction.] 



143 Johnston, Jami^Sc Georce, Pavilcfj, and 2 Cluipter 

Jfouae Court, St. Paul's. 

Buckram and Paris net bonnet tops and crowns, manu- 
factui-ed by steam power. 



144 



LaUGHLAND, J., Kihiuiniock, Sojtiand — 
Manufjicturer. 



AuHtralian sheep's wool. 

White, green, blue, and scarlet yam, and an ofiicer's 
dress b<mnet, showing the process of knitting. 

Knitted bomiet ; milled bonnet ; finished bonnet, as 
used by the officers of the 4'Jud, 72nd, 74th, 78th, .and 
92nd Highland regiments; all from Australian wool. 

New regulation forage c;ips; sei'jcimt's, blue; i)rivatc's, 
blue, scarlet, and crimson. 

Old regulation fonige-caps; Serjeant's, blue, with white 
band; j)rivate's, blue, with scarlet band. 

Prince Charlie bonnet. Turkish crimson cap or bonnet. 

Balmoral bonnet. Glengju'ry bonnet. 

Gentleman's head-dre.ss. 



145 Ritchie, Peter, Kil/wtniock, Scotland — 

Manufacturer. 

Regulation military forage caps : — Serjeant's, blue and 
rifle-green. Serjeant's, 71st Highlanders, Light Infantry. 
Serjeant's, with plaid border. Officei-'s, with white band. 
Scarlet Fez cap. Officer's, light blue cap. Prince 
Charlie caps, blue and grey. Blue Bdmoral cap. Grey 
Glengany cap, with plaid border. Caledonian hats, 
black, grey, and gieen. Specimens of the military and 
other caps, "set up." 



686 



Class 20.— ARTICLES OP CLOTHING, FOR 
South Tbansept Gallbby. 



[Ukited 



147 Kincaid-Lennox, F. M., Lrwinx Castle, Lennox- 
town, & 9 Arlington St., Piccadilly — Proprietor. 
Linen and cotton shirto, made in Glasgow; exhibited to 
ahow the quality of plain British needlework. 



147 a Ruttens, Helens, 13 Charles Street, SoKoSquare- 

Inventor. 
Fan, travelling, and specimen bonnets, in silk. 



148 Haywood, Mary, 3 Df^e/^s Uuildiags, City Eoad — 

Designer. 

A shawl of white cashmere, worked in braid, orna- 
mented and fringed with peacock's feathers, the eyes of 
which are dispoMd so as to resemble gems. 

Karrow fringe, made of the same materials. 



149 Jones, John, 17 Puke Street, Liverpool — Inventor. 

Registered tailors' symmetrometer. Adapted for cutting 
coats and waistcoats. The trousers* rule. 



149a Robinson, J. — Inventor. 

Measuring apparatus for tailors. 

150 Clowes, F., 28 Ann Street, Birmingham — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Improved elastic coat. Registered trousers, elastic 
riding belt, and brace. 

151 MiNiFiE, Charles, Bristol — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Registered coat sleeve shirt. 



152 McClinTool, James, & Co., Bamsley — Inventors 

and Manufacturers. 

Double silk elastic woven corsets, with the royal arms 
and national emblems inserted. Woven to fit the body, 
and recommended for freedom of respiration. 

Thread-wove corset, without seam. 



153 BiBT, Harford, Shcpt^m Afallet, near Wells, 

Somersetshire — Inventor. 

Transitional coat, adapted for changes of the weather. 

A frock coat. An open-breasted vest. A double- 
breasted vest. 

Surtout as an over-coat, with concealed hood for tra- 
velling, &c. 

154 Tollet, O., Besley Hall, Mar Kinccastle, 

Staff ordsh ire — Manufacturer. 
Tippets, cuffs, cloaks, victorines, and muffs, composed 
of feathers and goose down, and made by the needle and 
thread. 

155 HoDOSON, T., jun., 39 Iron Market, Neurcastle- 

under-Lyme — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Elastic corset. 
Invisible spinal support. 

156 ChEHES&Sos, St. Amtell — Manufacturers. 

Undergroimd hats for Cornish miners and mine agents, 
used for protection against falling stones, &c. 



156 a Beaufort, Miss, Cork — Producer. 

Knitted child's pelisse. 



157 Mason, William, Netccistle-under-Lyme — 

Manufacturer. 

Velvet-nap hats, on an improved body. Waterproof 
beaver hat. 

Waterproof felt hat, adapted to tropical climates. 

Silk hat, on a body of cashmere. 

Felt hat, designed by Mr. Killingworth Johnson, re- 
gistered as the " Raphael." 

Felt travelling hat, registered as the " Crichien." 



158 Laurence, Elizabeth, 15 Montpelier Walk, 
Cheltenham — Bfanufacturer. 

White French merino dress for ladies, bndded and 
trimmed with satin. Crimson velvet dress for boyi, 
braided ; the design, the rose, shamrock, and thistle. 

White satin drawn -bonnet. 



159 White, E., Edgar Buildings, Bath — Manufacturer. 

Bassinette, or infant's cradle, completely furnished. 
Infant's frock and robe. 

Lady's chemise and night dress. Gentleman's shirt. 

160 Hathaway, Mrs., Brompton, near Chatham — 

Producer. 
A baby's hat knitted in fine white silk. 



161 FiRMiN & Sons, 153 Strandand 13 Conduit Street, 

Bond Street — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of buttons. Stars of the Order of the Gar- 
ter, the Thistle, and St. Patrick. Swords for officers in 
the army and navy, &c. 

1 62 Hurst & Reynolds, 1 00 New Street, Birmingham — 

Manufacturers. 
Ladies' stays or corset, to fasten and unfasten instanta- 
neously without lacing. 

162 A Beeston, J. S., S'raile's Cottages, Hammersmith — 

Producer. 
Inflated railway caps. 



163 Firkins, Jos., & Co., Worcester — Manufacturers. 
Ladies' habits. Black and coloured French kid gloves. 

Gentlemen's black and coloured calf gloves. Cape-goat 
gloves. 

Beaver, Norway doe, Buck, Lisle, Berlin, and cloth 
gloves; improved thumbs and new cut, &c. Provision- 
ally registered. 

164 Redgrave, John, Wi>rcester — Manufacturer. 

Men's coloured, black, and tan Cape gloves; piqu^. 
Ladies' white Cape gauntlets. 

Habits — coloured, masse, Napoleon blue, yellow, light 
blue, and drab. Made from lamb-skins and Cape sheep. 

165 Ridley, J., St. PauCs Churchyard — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' boots and shoes. 



166 The Local Cojxmittee of Newbury, Berkshire — 

by Sir John Throckmorton. 

An oil painting: Sir John Throckmorton presenting 
two South Down wether sheep to Mr. John Coxeter of 
Greenham, Newbury, Berks, who engaged, on the day 
they were presented, to make their wool into a piece of 
cloth, that should be made into a coat by 9 o'clock of 
the same evening. 

The sheep were immediately shorn, and the wool sorted 
and spun. The yam was spooled, warped, loomed, and 
woven. The cloth was burred, milled, rowed, dyed, dried, 
sheared, and pressed. The cloth having been thus made 
from the fleece in 11 hours, was put into the hands of 
the tailor at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, who completed 
the coat at 20 minutes past 6, having been only 2 hours 
and 20 minutes in making it : Mr. Coxeter then presented 
the coat to Sir John Throckmorton, who appeared with 
it on, before a large assembly of spectators. 

167 Norman, S. W., 4 Oakley Street, Lambeth— 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Ladies' cork and leather light waterproof boots. 
Ladies' shoes. 



168 LoNODON, R., and Sons, Derby — Manufacturers. 

Patent frame-work gloves, without any seam on one 
side. 

Smith's patent '' Soccopedes Elasticus." This boot 
requires no lacing. 



KOCODOM.] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Transept Gallery. 



587 



168 A Helps, Mijm, London Soad, Liverpool — Producer. 
Gutta perdui articles. 

169 Poo»E, J. B., 9 Princes Court, Banner St., St. Luk^s— 

Dengner and Manufacturer. 
A lady's victoriDie, with cufifs, made of feathers, oma- 
mentally arraiiged. Original design and manufacture. 

170 Baktobd, Fred., Mtirket Place, St. AJbanSf 

Hertfordshire — Inventor. 

Registered "Brazilian palm-leaf WeUington" hats. This 
liat has a feather edge, interwoven with the palm leaf. 
It is aUo interwoven with various-coloured straws, forming 
a brim and band, and dispensing with any ribbon or other 
oraament. 

The " Princess Alice" hat for young ladies, formed only 
of the palm-leaf, with a £uicy band, brim and feather 
edge. 

The "Chinese" hat, with a &ncy band, brim and fea- 
ther edge, also made of the palm-l«if. 

Three willow hats of the English willow-tree. 

TThe Brazilian, or palm-leaf, is of great size and sub- 
itanoe, and the tree is indigenous to South America. 
After its importation, it undergoes various processes, as 
bleaching, &c., for the improvement of its colour, and to 
render it soft, pliable, and available for working ; it then 
becomes light, durable, and useful. The above hat is 
accompanied by a portion of the palm-leaf.] 

171 AsHTON, A., Oeorge Street, Portman Square — 

Inventor. 
Registered bonnet and case. 



172 EiJJonrT, W., Dunstable, Beds — ^Manufacturer. 
Straw hate, bonnets, plait, and fancy straw articles. 

172a Cooper, J. J. & O., Ihutstable, Bedfordshire — 

Manufacturers. 
Straw hats and bonnets. Plait, and fancy straw articles. 



173 MuiRS, CosNELL, & Brodie, Luton, Bedfordshve — 

Manufacturers. 

Sf^cimens of plaits and bonnets manufactured from 
wheat atraw gro^Ti in Bedfordshire. 

\Mieat straw as taken from the fields, prepared for 
Dukin;; whole straw plait; preparet^l for splitting; split 
reaiiy for plaitinc^; whole straw plait, whipcord, and im- 
pn^ve*i whipcord plait. 

Luton, Devon, China, Coburg, and pearl ; Cobiu-g, 
B&iford, Indiana, Brussels Coburg, tulip, and fancy - 
tulip plait. 

Luton fjatent improved whipcord, patent whipcord, 
Indiana, satin, jK>rcupine, diamond, split Coburg, and 
China pearl rice, Bedford plait. 

Laiiies' bonnets, including whole-straw, whole-whip- 
cord, improved whipcord, Luton, fine patent, fine split, 
tulip, fancy tulip, Iiuliaiia, Briiwsels, Coburg, and fancy 
#plit, imjiToved an<l patent rice, whipcord, diamond, 
China pearl, Betlford, pplit Coburg, fancy split Coburg, 
and fancy c«»l<mre<l. 

Maided wh.ile whii>cor(l, and girl's fancy Albert, and 
cLi-d'i* jtttent bonnet-?. 

B'»yH* fincy C«jV)iirg, and impnived hats. 

174 LixKLATER, — , Shctl<nul L^en — Producer. 
Specimens of knitting pecubar to the Shetland Isles. 

175 Kearse, Thomas, 40 (leorpe Street, Limerick, 

Irtinul — DcHigner. 

Winter and gummer overcoat combined, composed of 
Irish frieze and tabinet, and capable of various trans- 
f-^niuition:9. 

Waiictcoat of Irish frieze and tabinet, of similar con- 
struction. Trousers of Irish frieze. 

Infkntry coat and cavalry waistcoat, lined with Irish 



176 Farranoe, Miss, Wicklow, Ireland — Producer. 
Knitted stockings. 

177 Vincent, R., Glastonbury — ManufiMsturer. 

Suit of leather clothes, made to imitate superfine black 
cloth. 

177a Stewart, Jane, Templetrine Glebe, Bandon, 

Ireland — Proprietor. 
Articles made at the Templetrine industrial school by 
the poorest class of the peasantry, viz.: coarse ribbed 
gentlemen's white socks. Knitted long and short black 
silk mittens. Children's knitted silk socks. Fine white 
knitted ladies' stockings and mittens. 



178 



Kelly, J. & Co., 98 Jlifjh Street, KUkenny, 
Ireland — Manufacturers. 
Buckskin hunting breeches; buckskin raw material, &c. 



179 



Nairn, Thomas Graham, Limerick — 
Manufacturer. 
Irish uniform frock-coat, for the Royal Horse Artillery. 
Irish frieze national cape, flowered at bottom; with the 
frieze cut, and sewed on; without seams, and cut out of 
the piece. 

Irish frieze paletot-jacket, for shooting, fishing, and 
walking. 

180 WooDHOUSE, John, 39 Lower OrmondQwxy, Dublin 

— Manufacturer. 
Gilt and plated buttons. German silver letters and 
figures. Brass mountings for military accoutrements. 

181 Peasants, Female, of Wexford, /rr/ancf— Producers. 

Samples of Traneen grass, plaited in the Lieghom and 
Tuscan style. 

182 Maher, Louisa, Ballinkeelc, Enniscorthy, Ireland 

— Proprietor. 

Samples of Ct/nosunts cristntus grass, or Traneen; and 
of rj'e straw. Plait of these articles. 

Articles made of Traneen plait, viz., hat, bonnets, 
flower-stands, and basket; and of rye straw plait, viz., 
hat and basket. 

Siunplea of black, white, and coloured floor-matting. 

Twenty-four varieties of plait for bonnets made of 
Traneen. 

[The Cynosurus, called in English crested dog's-tail 
grass, forms a large part of all good pastures, law^ns, &c., 
in England and Wales. — J. L.] 



Wilson & Son, Droghcda Street, Dublin — 
Manufacturei*8. 



183 
Balbriggan hosier}'. 



184 Dicks, W., J VotiY— Manufacturer. 
Lamb-skin gloves. 

185 Ensor, Tuomas, Milfyttrnc Port, near Sherborne — 

Manufacturer. 

Fur and kid gloves. Gloves liuetl with silk plush, wools, 
lamb-skin, &c. Goat, calf, lamb, sheep, deer, and fawn 
gloves. 

Patent glove, with a small purse inserted in the palm 
of the left hand. 

186 WuiTBY, E., Trot »V— Manufacturer. 
Skins in various stiiges of manufacture, and gloves. 



187 Pitman, J., MUfjomc Por/— Manufacturer. 
An assortment of gloves. 

188 Rawlings, Joseph, B., Abhry Silk Mills, Sherborne, 

Dorset — Slanufacturer. 
Gloving and sewing silks, for tambour, of various shades. 
Scarf; ludf-twist cloth, Sec, of superior quality. 



588 



Clasb 20.— articles OF CLOTHING, FOR 
South Transept Gallery. 



[United 



189 Monet, Elizabeth, Woodstock, Oxon — 

Manufacturer. 

Lamb-skin, as received from the leather-dresser. 

Drawn, round, and seam gloves, manufactured from 
lamb-skins. 

English fawn-skin riding gloves for ladies. 



190 CoRBT, John & James, Qtu^en Ctmel, near }Vuci7, 

Sotnei-^t — Manufacturers. 
Coloured and white lamb-skins. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's coloured and black leather 
grain gloves. 

191 Mathibson, Lady, Z<nfw Castle, Stomoncay — 

Producer. 

Embroidered muslin skirt, worked by the children at 
the school in the Hebrides. 

Two psir of hand-screens, made from feathers of wild 
birds in the outer Hebrides, by Miss Cameron of Stomo- 
way. 

192 Thompson, John, & Co., Kcndid — Manufacturers. 
Hand-knit Guernsey frocks (or woollen shirts). Scar- 
let and fawn caps; single scarlet; fancy striped; and 
striped Kilmarnock caps. Fancy Glengarry and plaid 
cips (or bonnets). Striped fleecy and milled mitts. 
Wad-milled overalls (or boot-hose). 



193 Frt, James, Oodalming, Sarrey — Manufacturer. 

Fine Lisle-thread hose embroidered. Four- thread hose, 
plain. 

Fleecy breast-plates. Segovia shirts and pantaloons. 
Merino shirts and vests. 

Cotton pantaloons, drawers, and shirts. 

The three preceding articles are all indifferent qualities. 



194 Holland, Thomas, & Co., Langham Factory, 
Oodilming — Inventors, Manufacturers, and Pro- 
prietors. 

Ladies* dresses; waistcoats, petticoats, drawers, &c. 

Men's shirts, trousers, drawers, hose, &c., manufactured 
of a fleecy wool, different from any hitherto adopted for 
under clothing. 

Similar articles in "Segovia;" likewise prepared from a 
peculiar wool; also, in " double Segovia," and in silk and 
wool. 

Men's trousers, shirts, and hose, in cotton. C!loth for 
outside wear. 

Over-coat, exhibited for lightness and warmth. 

Elastic cloth, calculated for breeches and trousers, used 
in riding. 

R^stered waistcoat, with elastic ribbed back. 

Registered shirts, with elastic backs, and smooth fronts; 
ribbed or plain, made from cotton, silk thread, &c. 



195 Ward, Stitrt, Sharp, & Ward, Belper, DerbysJiire, 
atyi 89 Wood Street, Cheapside — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of hosiery and glove manufactures, viz. : — 
Hose, half-hose, vests, and drawers, in all qualities 
from 24 guage to 70 guage, manufactured from cotton. 
Lisle thread, merino, cashmere, silk, and spun silk, 
amongst which are cotton and Lisle-thread hose made on 
r 70-guage frame. 

Gloves, mitts, cuffs, sleeves, and caps made from the 
same materials. 

[By the number of gauge is meant the quantity of loops 
within a given space, and hence when these are increased 
within that space, the quality of the fabric is increased in 
delicacy and value. 

The invention of the stocking frame is generally ascribed 
to William Lee, an expelled (Cambridge student, who, 
watching the fingers of his wife, as she toiled for their 
mutual support by knitting stockings, devised this 
machine. By Elisabeth and James I., Lee was denied 
that protection and encouragement due to inventors; he. 



however, succeeded in receiving, at the hands of Sully, the 
minister of the French King Henry, an acknowledgment 
which was denied by his own countrymen. Lee died in 
France, and one of his apprentices brought the manufus- 
ture back into England, where it has been finally esta- 
blished and successfully carried out, Kottingham and 
Leicester being its grand centres.] 



196 Cartwright & Warners, LougKbormigh, Leicesier 

— Spinners and Manu&cturers. 

Patent Angola and merino vams, of various qualities. 
Patent Angola and merino Lose, half-hose, and socks 
(white and coloured). 

Shirts, drawers, and ladies* vests and drrases. 

Cotton hose and half-hose, with patent Angola ankles 
and feet. 

197 Taylor & Beales, Leicester — Manufacturers. 
Worsted, woollen, and cotton hosiery of all kinds. 



198 Harris, Richard, & Sons, Leicest^ — 

Manufacturers. 

Lisle, Berlin, military, Cashmere, pique cloth, knitte<l, 
and lined gloves. Tricot piece goods. Cuffs. Mitts. 
Riiifies. Mufiatees. Socks and bootees. Gaiters and 
bootakins. 

Ca{>s, hoods, hats, and bonnets. Mantillas and mufb. 
Neck-tied, scarfs, and boas. Comforters. 

Sailors' and fancy caps. Quemsey, worsted, and lambs- 
wool, fancy frocks and shirts. Worsted vests. Lambs- 
wool pantaloons. Fancy cotton shirts. 

Antimacassars. Netted handkerchiefs and ahawls. 
Woven shawls. 

Children's dresses. Polkas and jackets. 



199 Hudson, James, Leicester — Manufacturer. 
Lambs-wool, CJheviot, Oishmere, Saxony, Victoria, and 

worste<l hose. Frame-knitted cotton and worsted hose. 
A variety of half-hose. 

200 Baines, John, BowHng Oreen Street, Leicester — 

Manufacturer. 
Wool, worsted, and Cashmere hose and half-hose. 



201 BiLLSON & Hames, Leicester — Manufacturers. 
Children's socks and three-quarter hose ; worsted socks, 

and a variety of cotton, worsted. Cashmere, and merino 
hose. 

202 Anorave Brothers, Leicester — ^Manufacturers. 
Lambs-wool hose, half-hose, shirts, and pantaloons, 

various qualities. Itoyal ribbed and Cashmere shirts and 
pantaloons. 

Ladies* woollen vests and dresses. 



203 Ward, William, & Sons, Z<?ices<er— Manufacturers. 
Patent fancy cravats, boas, and pelerines without seam. 

Gentlemen's upaca coats and capes. Ladies' polka coats. 
Fancy boots and gaiters. Worsted and cotton hose. 
Wool frocks. 

204 Beale & Latchmore, 5 Bckoir Street, Leicester — 

Manufacturers. 
Lambs-wool shirts, pantaloons, drawers, vcBts, and 
ladies' dresses. White worsted ladies' dresses; and men's 
shirts and pantaloons, and vests. Royal ribbed shirts 
and pantaloons. White Quemsey shirts; Canadian 8hirfc=«, 
and pantaloons; coloured shirts, lambs-wool and Cash- 
mere hose and half-hose. 



205 Bigos & Sons, Leicester — Manufacturers. 

Men's worsted, lambs-wool, royal ribbed, and cash- 
mere shirts and drawers. 

GKiemsey and Jersey frocks, white and fancy. 

Women's worsted, lambs-wool. Cashmere, and royal 
ribbed ahirts and drawers. 



lUUEDtATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC UBE. 
Booth Tbamiieft Gallsbt. 



Ifaa'a Sooteh Umbi-irool ihirta and diawen, ud blue, 
■^^id tri-oolomad atripod ihiita. 

■m'i wonted, Piriiinw ii. and Umba-wool half hoe*. 

CUdi^'s Hid wonui^a tuef polka-eoata. 

1^^ voMiHi'% and ehildrm't LJala thr— d, nlkmizod, 
fk^aan^ aod muad caahmsn ^orea. 

Mlwlla of wooatad, eotton, Lul> thread, and Berlin 

[Fakn SMd and itockiDg iMt pieoaa. 



11 HuLDina, Thomu, lOS Sigmt Strtit — 
Hanubcturer. 

Teat buttons for gentlemen in Upil lamli, tnalaohits, 
ooral, ODfz, corDeliao, blooditone, ■TenturioB, wrdonyx, 
jaaper, &c. Likewiae bncy pearl and otlier draaa buttona 
for lodiea. 



SK TfTTTr". Tmokai, tc Co., AbUj/ MiOi, Leioea«r 
— Manulhcturan. 
iriwHr worn Unioa, for gartwa, glove topa, fto. 
lytir hnida (ondar ^tant ol Chirtophar Nickela, of 
UOoldanith Straat, Londtm) for glovea, wrutleta, &c., 
Mon-alwlia weba for bmxa and 



O^a and doth, made, under Kickela' patont, on twut 



pliMh BHotillaa, from the patent and other fibrica. 
Folkaja^BtB, mui&, he. 

107 ^aaax. Jam*, Leiettiv — Manufacturer. 

Clath of harM* for and wool unolaared, nu^ on the 
itaefciH|-fraiiM; of haie^ fur and Bazony wool, with 
l|T jft- wan; of wool frcnn the Caahmere goat; of 
tko^ wool, ftom the waat eoaat et South Amenca; of 
Ot baarer; and of Bazony wool. 

Olvra of bana' for cloth and CkahuMre goata-wool 
d*A; Tkona and Sauof . 

Ofcnv of Uala thread*web, made on th« warp-machine 
feau No. 300 thread. 

■fT« — "'"B tvif, nw^ of the coaiaeat portiona of the 



209 CoKAB, Nathamsl, ft BoHH, Onntbg Strut, 
Zfinatn^Kunfacturen. 

An eatenaiTa aiaoitnientof hoae, half-boae, and aocki, 
«f nried matariala, coloon, and t«itiire. 

I^diea' add gentlemen'i wool iBata and drawers. 

Infurta' white and coloured boota. 

Ijiiiit^ fancy wool cufi and ileeTea, Meu'a cuffii. 

ChJldTRi'ii muffii. 

Udiw' fancy wool h8od.d™iMB. Infnntii' fknoy wool 
lu»d«, batA, and bonneta. Ladies' wool paletots. 



209 Eu-lB, Faxp. & Jobk, ZctcoIct^— Manufacture™. 
SUe, Liale thread, and Caahmere glorea. 



212 Wblcb, HABOETaoH, & Co., 17 C^taptiA— 
Hanu&cturen. 

Robe de chambre, compoaed prinedpally of cotton 
material, and exhibited for quality, durability, and ohe^i. 
Dsn. Dreaa atock, on an improved wire foundation, 
exhibited for ease and durability. Dreaa full front (took* 
with embroidered lace fall, new in dengn. 

A Belection of " once round " cravata, with embroidered 
lace end*, new deaign and pattern. Patent wore Uneu 
■hirt fronta. The nme in piece, and in the grey or 
unbleached state. Embroidered ahirt fronta. An im- 
proved travelling or bunting flannel ahirt. 

The Prince of Wales belta. The Cantab brace. R^jia- 
tered. Moat of the preceding manufactured by the 
exhibiton. 



213 Stahdon, Anns, 23 WooTi Mem, QrimMOr 
Square — Manufacturer. 
A quilted blue ailk bed-oover; exhibited for workman- 
abip. 

213a Lebwicx Local Conmittee, SeotUai^ — 
Producera. 
Specimena of knitUng from the Shetlaod lalea. 



!15 UmBl, CoHjnLl., h BaoDiE, QUagae — 
Manufacturers. 
Specimena of atraw bonneta and plail , 
rom rye atraw grown in the Orkney lalanda. 



216 Datih, Bichakd, Shmlt Lout, Carmarlhen — 
Inventor. 
A bat made of leather by a peculiar proceaa. 



!17 WEaTMIXSTEIi, the MurchJoneai 

Specimens of Shetland hiuid -knitting. 



>18 M'Cra, Wnttm HiglJarub. 

Specimena of hand-knitting in Berlin wool. 





CUTLERY, EDGE AND HAND TOOLS. 



INTRODUCTION. 

The prenent CIsm in some de^^'ee carries the attention aeain amonp; the implements \iaei\ in manurnctuTes, tai 
comprehends ftll those tooU not included in L'loss >>. The tools l>elonirinn to the present Class are principally 
of tho sniallest description enijiloyed in arta reqinrin? delicacy and precision of touch, rather than the eierciM 
of mechanical force. The knives and other sharji instruments, coming under the general denominatiiHi o! 
Cutlery, are ohjecls of familiar knowledge and employment. 

The ClasB is divisible into two Suh-Classes ; the first of these. A., includes Cutlery, such as Knives and 
Forku, Pen and Pocket Knives, Ilazors. SciMsors, and Shear* : of these some are employed for jiersonal, domestic, 
or commercial purposes — some for use in various trades and handicrafts — and some belong to the claas of orna- 
mental rather than uhcAiI articles : 1). comp^'hends Files and other small Rdae Tools, not iDcluded among 
Hanufactnring Tools in Class H — of these, aome are applicahle to the pnriosea of the en<;ineer and smith, other* 
to tboKC of masons, &c. A liner kind ii employeil hy jewellers, Inpiduries. watchmakers, and other workers in 
philosophical instruments or in precious metals ; others are used for wooilnork by carpenters, cabinet-makers, 
&c., and others hy artists and engravers. 

For thoeo articles in this Class which have not been sent from Sheffield, search will be made in the North 
Gallery. Tho Sheffield aoods, beloQi^ng in strict propriety to this Class, arc included amona hardware in the 
following Class, and will be found in the Ituildin;; on the South Siile of the Kavc, about midway between the 
Transejit and the Western extremity. The manufactures of Sheffield being the most important, it is necetisary 
to defer the notice of them to the siicccciling Class, for the reasons just stated. Nevertheless, in the Metrojiolia 
itself a very considerable amount of the l>cst de^icriptions of articlex of cutler>' are maile ; but the proportion of 
Metropolitan seeds in this department, is small in comparison with that of SbeHicld, in which the manufacturs 
of cutlery holds a ixwilion of the srenlest extent and importance. 

Many of the minute tools emplovcd in the carver's art and in that of ensravina are here exhibited. These tools 
have acquired much celebrity, and are manufactured of a SH|«rior description of steel, and with much skill and 
car«. Although prescntin;; no extenial feature of interest, these minute instruments represent the means by 
which much of what is artistically beautiful and pleasing to the eye has been produced : the ingenuity which 
applies itself to tho perfection of the most ordinary articles is conspicuously manifested in many of the speci- 
mens of cutlery exhibiteil, employed either for personal or domestic use. — R. E. 



1 WEiTHEIu.T, KdwaW), 3 Betmant Temwc, 

Tail's saw-set, being a patent for improvemeuta in the 
apparatus for sstting was. 

2 ThohnbILL, Walter, i-W -Yeu Bund Street — 

Manufacturer. 

Steel chatelaine, manufactured after the style of the 
old pierced steel work, Scissara. Bri'sd knives, with 
carved box and ivory handles. 

Model of a pruning instrument, for pnminq trees at 
any height. Hodsl of a DoVi'er-gathei*er, which cuts oCT 
the Sower and holds it. 

Specimens of cutlery. 



!, Cor*, 



3 BEiJ>FORD, R. at W., Ti I'atri. 

Ireland — Manufacturera . 

Razora, with pearl and tortoiseahell handles, gold 
rivets, labels, and gold plated heads. 

Razors, with ivory huidles and nitver labels. 

A knife, with lock-joint, largo blade, pen blfule, button 
hook, corkscrew, leather-pundi, gunpick'^i', twee-lancet, 



Four-bladod knives, with pearl and stag handles. 
Threo-bladed knives, with pearl and ivory handlw. 
Two-bladed peckuives, with pearl handlea. 
Pruning knivnH imd corkscrews. 

The raiors ore so constructed that the thickness atHa 
back and the breadth ot the blade give the edge the 

C roper angle fcir shaving with ease. They were cueTulIf 
ardenod, and temporad in a metallic bath, regulated by 
a thermometer. 



4 Blofeld, TnoMie Guest. & Co., 6 Uiddle Ron, 
Holborn— Hanufocturers. 
Table cutlery made in London. 
Ktnigrants' and travellera' protector, or burglon' iliti- 

Itiizur strop, with one side only, and having two 
handles, by which the equality of the surface is p ' 

Invented by th« exliibitor. 



Class 21. -CUTLERY, EDGE AND HAND TOOLS. 

North Gallery. 



691 



5 Kino & Peach, ffall — ICanufacturers. 
SpedmeiMi showing the different stages in the maau- 

CKtare of a moulding plane. 

Horing fillister, with the fence fixed in the usual 
nsDiier, and with improved fence. 

A sssh-fillister, for m airing the rebate in a sash-bar. 

6 Deaiob, Drat, & Deane, London Bridge, City— 

Proprietors. 

Set of superior table and dessert cutlery, with steel, 
French pattern, three-prong forks, with grand and game 
arren. and psrallel table steel to correspond. 

Table and dessert knives, silver ferrules ; grand carvers, 
guoe carvers, and hexagon table steel; vegetable four- 
prong fork. 

Table and dessert knives, fluted ivory ; with grand 
ud game carvers, and knife sharpener. 

Tui>le and dessert knives, Waterloo balance, with grand 
and ipane carvers. 

Mother-of-pearl silver plated dessert knives and forks, 
fluted handles. 

Ivory German frame spear-point bowie-knife ; stag 
German frame clip-point, polished and glazed. 

Ladies* superior hne scissors. 



7 MoETON, J. & G., 8 Great Turnstile, Lincoln* 8 fnn 

Fields^ and 39 Chenpside — Maniifacturers. 
Specimens of London-made table cutlery. 

8 Wood, J., 28 Spurrier Gate, York — Manufacturer. 

Roistered York razor, having a level or slope only on 
one side. Specimens, showing the different stages of 
maaofacture. 

9 CowTAN, Bernard & Samuel, 164 Fenchurch 

Street — Inventors. 
Canton strop, or Chinese razor-sharpener. 

10 Sharpe, J. & R., 5 Gofujh Sq^iare — ^Manufacturers. 
Table-knife cutlery, manufactured in London. 



1 1 Addis, Samuel Joseph, 20 Gravel Lane, Southwark. 
Tools used bv carvers. 



12 Mechi, John Joseph, 4 Leadenhall Street — 

Manufacturer. 

Specimen? of British cutlery, razors, sciasors, pen- 
km%'eH. and table knives, in cases. 

Sp>ecimen razor and table knife, made from the finest 
teiupered steel. 

Specimen of the rough steel from which they were 
ii:ui»if;4cturetl; and specimens showing the various stages 
of the iirocees. 

[In the succeeding clajss will be found various notes 
?inng account of the process of manufacture of cutlery 
pfQrntlly. This manufacture is carried on xirincipally at 
Sb-fSfield ; but it is also prosecuted in other towns, as in 
the Metropolis, though to a very limited extent.] 

W MosELET, John, & Son, 17 & 18 New Street, 
Couitt Gard'Vi — Manufacturers. 

•Spci-imens of planes and various other tools, with 
Tu'-^lf-m iniprovements. 

T«M-*i clients, containing tools, adapted to the various 
^jrTi7i'.hes of mechanical skill. 

Catlery, needles, &;c. 

14 Lov, William, 24 Kin<j Street, Whitehall — 

Manufacturer. 
<"*l';b fikates with straps. Skates, fitted with cramps 
trj'l heel fa^deningrs, to secure them to the boot without 
sirapi*. Ladies* skates, similarly improvetl. 



i: 



Lot, W. T., jun., 60 St. Martin's Lane— 
Designer and Manufacturer. 
Specimens of cutlery. Registered razors fitted with 
'h'? Tudor guards. 



Razors, with carved ivory and chased metal handles in 
bronze, silver, and electro-gilt. 

Carving knives and forks, and other articles of cutlery, 
of new design. 

16 Field, E., 17 Mary Ann Street, St. Georgtfs East — 

Inventor. 
A cabinetmaker's case of tools. 



17 Waldron, William, & Sons — Stourbridge — 

Manufacturers. 

Scythes, as used in various countries. 

Crown chaff-knife. Hay-knives, with side and T han- 
dles. Trussing knife. Bramble scythe. 

American grass hook ; South of England reaping hook ; 
hedge brushing hook ; and pea bill hook. 

18 Buck, Joseph, 91 Waterloo Road, Lanibeth — 

Manufeicturer. 
Circular and other saws. Variety of turning and other 
mechanical tools. 



19 Yeates, Frederick Green, 10 \\'iticksirorth 
Buildings, City Road — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Registered lever knives, for opening presei'ved provi- 
sions, fruits, lardine cases, 8cc. The advantage is in the 
power of the fulcrum, or leverage. 

Registered t^dne or string boxes. The internal box, 
containing the ball of string, revolves and draws back the 
superfluous string, preventing its becoming entangled. 



20 Baker, Wiujam, 14 Allen St., Gosicell Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Awls, bodkins, steels, and other implements, for shoe 
makers, carpenters, &c. 



21 Stewart, Charles, & Co., 22 Charing Cross — 
Manufacturers and Patentees. 
Patent Plantagenet guard razor. This razor is sh<jWD 
with the guard in the annexed cut. 




^.J 



Patent Guard Razor. 



Improved nizor-strops and {>aste. The process of 
cutlery in the manufacture of the luzor. 

22 Tyzacks, J., 7 Upper Benicrs St., Cotnmcrciul Rd. L\uit 

— Inventor. 
Double patent British razor. 

23 Addis, James B., jun., 17 Charlotte Sfn '. Black- 
friars Road, and 29 Lucas Street, Deptf" ' —Inventor. 

Carving tools, and a newly-invented set of tools for 
carving fruit. 

24 



Knight, George, & Sons, Foster Lanc-- 
Mauufacturers. 

Tlie amateurs' complete lathe cabinet, consisting of a 
4^-inch centre lathe on an iron bed, fitted with a slide- 
rest, and accompanied by a complete arrangement of 
chucks. 

Apparatus and tools requisite for wood, bone, anJ 
metal turning, including newly-invented chucks for cut- 
ting, filinj^, and planing. 

Mr. Fnuicis' new lathe-rest for the support of delicate 
work, revolving between the mandril and back centre; 
also, for boring cylinders, &c. 

A dividing engine for the lathe, invented by the Rev. 
F. Meyler, for tlie purpose of obtaining a correct division 
of the circle with great facility. 



[21.] 



[Official iLLrsTnATEP CATAi-or.rF.."| 



2 Z 



692 



Class 21.— CUTLERY, EDGE AND HAND TOOLS. 

North Gallery. 



rUsiTB) 



Imptx)ved cleaning, grinding, and polishing machine, for 
tools, &c., fitted vdih a series of bobs in bright spindles. 

Inside and outside goffering machine, for sillu, muslins, 
straw's, &c. 

Crimping machine for shawls. 

Outside crimping machine, for caps, collars, and dresses. 

An assortment of punches for dress-making, flower- 
making, pattern-making, &c., consisting of straight and 
pinking; plain and compoimd scallop; pricking; plain, 
round, oval, and jagged; leaves, sprigs, veiners, &c. 

Joiner's tool -chest, fitted with saws in covered till, 
planes in rack, and nest of divided drawers, containing a 
complete assortment of tools. 

Household tool-chest, with till and drawers, containing 
a complete assortment for common purposes. 

Amateur's tool -chest, fitted with a tray and divided 
drawer, and a complete set of tools. 

Warehouse chest, fitted with divisions, containing an 
assortment of tools for packing, opening, and trimming 
boxes, cases, and ca^ks, and general warehouse work. 

Blasting apparatus, for rending timber, stumps of 
trees, &c. 

25 CoLoAN & Son, Lvnerick — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of cutlery. 

26 Bradford, Samuel, BiujircH Street , Clonmel, 

Irelaml — Manu facturer . 

Rassors, in tortoiseshell, pearl, plain and carved ivory 
handles; and with the ''taug," or that part of the blade 
held while in use, made in ivory or pearl. 

Rassor blades in the different processes, from the bar 
of steel to the finished blade. 

Penknives, pocket-knives, and sportsmen's knives. 
Hunting knives, by which a broken stirrup-leather &c., 
may be instantly repaired. Office knife, containing pen- 
blade and paper cutter, pencil, and letter-weighing appa- 
ratus. — Both invented by exhibitor. 

Portable slip knife and fork; the fork blade may be re- 
moved and replaced by a saw, file, button hook, &c. 

German smoker's knife. Daggers, steel mounted, 
carved, and turned ivory handles. German hunting knife. 

Cucumber slicer, which may be adjusted to any knife. — 
Invented by exhibitor. Tobacco cutter. Pair of skates, 
on an improved principle. 

27 Ibbotson, — , Glasgow — Producer. 

Panel or block plane, capable of being altered to a 
mitre plane. 



28 



Offord, D., Great Yarmouth — Inventor. 



Improved masticating knife and fork for dyspeptic 
persons. Provisionally registered. 

[A masticating knife, so called from the minute state 
of division to which it reduces the food, consists generally 
of a number of blades, which, when acting on the food, 
divide it at one stroke into a number of portions. The 
utility of this invention, for those who require its assist- 
ance, appears to be established by exi»erieuce.] 



31 Hannah, A., Ghvujoir — Manufacturer. 

Assortment of Thomson's augers, braces, bits, claw and 
clench hammers, scollops, for boring wood, &c., of various 
dimensions and designs. 

32 Mathieson, a., Glastfovr — Manufacturer. 

Assortment of braces, bits ; pianoforte-maker's key 
tools; turning and carving tools; chisels, gouges, &c. 
Mash, claw, veneer, and clench hammers. Saw buckles 
with swivel. Sets of screw augers. Sash and shutter 
cramps. Holdfast with swivel screw. 

Flit ploughs with steel bridle and round bi-ass stems; 
with improved angular slide; with screw stems; and with 
solid handle. 

Sash and side fillisters, with improved stop brass stems. 

Trying, jack, and smoothing planes. 



33 Hiixiard & Chapman, Glasgow — Inveuton and 

Manufacturers. 

1. The "Clydesdale razor** — a model razor on a kigi 
scale, exhibited for symmetry and execution. 

2. The *• people's razor." 

3. The ** oi'ganic razor." The angle of the edge m no* 
duced on the under side of the blade, and the princqpd 
concavity on the upper side. The configuration of tiM 
blade, at the point, heel and tang, is part of the impitife* 
ment. 

4. 5, 6. Additional samples of the '' oiganic iBSor." 

7. The "hypenetome, or beard plane," invented is 
1851; new instrument for shaving; constructed on tiie 
principle of the carpenter's plane. It may be used witik 
either right or left hand, and it admits of wiping, strop- 
ping or sharpening, like a common razor. 

8, 9, 10, 11. Additional samples of the "hypeneiome." 

12. The " vallise strop," invented in 1851; oontainiqg 
the ** hypenetome, or beard plane," shaving bmah, shftv- 
ing-soap, in case, and the strop. 

13. The registered table knife, with invisibly secured 
handle. By a simple contrivance, incurring scarcely any 
additional labour, or expense in construction, the handM 
and blade are locked together, and cannot get loosened in 
use, while they may be readily separated for repair or re- 
newal. The fastemng is invisible, the handle snowiD^ no 
rivet, screw, or nut, of any kind. — Registered, Man£ 7, 
1851. 

14. 15, 16, 17, 18. Additional samples of the rsgis- 
tered table knife, showing the various patterns; with 
some of the handles left loose, to explain the principle of 
the invention. 

19. Blade and handle of the registered table knife, in 
separate parts, the latter, sectionally divided, showing its 
internal construction. 

20 The "superior family table knife." Exhibited for 
elegance, utility, and durability. 

21. The *' sporting gentleman's pocket knife," with 
graduated portable fleme. 

22. The *' unproved pocket fleme-knife," for veterinary 
sui'geons and grooms. 

23. The ** country gentleman's knife." 

24. The ** nude truss," for hernia. Exhibited for sim- 
plicity, lightness, and comfort in use. All padding or 
covering being dispensed with, it can be used while 
bathing, without being affected by the water. 

34 Saunders, G., Bnxidway, Nevo York, 
Foiu'-sided metallic tablets and cazor strops. 



35 Mathieson, Thos. A., & Co., 65 JVichobun Street, 
Edinhfinjh — Manufacturers. 
Improved sash fiUL^tter plane for windows; wood brace, 
bi*ass neck, improved pad, and ^mttem bits. 



36 Macpherson, C. & H., 1 Gilniore Street, PauTs Works, 

Edinburgh — Manufacturers. 
A brace, with all kinds of bits used for boring, 
drilling, and countersinking. 

37 Barker, Rorert, Easing wold, Yorkshire — 

Manufacturer. 
Butchers' and house steels. 



38 ToMUN & Co., Kettering, Northamptonshire — 

Manufacturers. 

Sickles for reaping com, used in the midland counties. 
The teeth are cut fine and groimd sharp without pulling 
out. 

Sbeai^ used in sheep-shearing, wool-sorting, thatching, 
and carpet-making. 

39 Sturs, Peter, Warrington and Eoiherham — 

Manufacturer. 

Blister and shear steel. Cast-steel, in the ingot and the 
bar. Coach -spring steel. Lancashire files and tools. 

Magnets, made accoixling to the system of the Rev. 
William Scoresby, IXD.; renuurkable for their grsat 
power. 



KoGwm.] 



Class 21.— CUTLERY, EDGE AND HAND TOOLS. 

North Galleby. 



593 



[Dr. Sooraby, who has deyoted a Urge share of his 
i<liBliiWi to the coDstruotion of magnets, adopts the 
fclkywiog mode of impartmg magnetism to steel bars. 
He ^aoee the bar to be magnetised upon two powerful 
ifTifti, and then draws them gently apart until the 
ifper bar testa with its aids on either end of the magnets; 
m Ikis poatton it is allowed to rest for a short time, and 
An slid off laterally, the other side being turned down, 
tad the proeeas repeated until the bar of steel is 
I h n wH i ghly aaturated. Dr. Sooresby insists upon the im- 
pniumm of uaing the hardest steel ; and the most powerful 
which he has constructed are made of a series 
plates of steel, hardened thix>ughout, each one of 
the series being s^iantely magnetised. — ^R. H.] 

ICnerals, &e., from which magnets are made, viz., iron 
ofe, from Dannemora^ in Sweden; calcined ore; pig and 



40 GftADWSLL, Q., 8 Market Street, Manchester — 

Proprietor, 
of cutlery, knife with 300 blades, each 
spnag. 



42 Bblckib, Isaiah, Waterloo Street, Wolverhampton — 

IfiBtnufiBusturer. 
YariouB augers, bits, borers, chisels, and gouges, for 
■huMrri^ts, carpentets, coopers, pump-borers, and wheel - 



46 DmuLAM, Joseph Banks, 456 New Oxford Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Articles of cutlery. Highly polished and richly cut 
•Icel chatelaine, with improved scissors and tablet. 



Series of blades, showing the various stages of a table 
knife, from the bar of steel to the finished blade. 



47 Hill, J. V., 5 Chichester Place, Gray's Itm Road 

— Manufacturer. 
London-made saws; the blades, after they are ground, 
are filed to a gauge, so that there is no friction on the 
blade of the saw. Other tools. 



48 Beach, W., Salisbury — Manufacturer. 

Assortment of cutlery, including fox-pad and fawn's- 
feet hunting-knives. 

Newly designed pearl paper-folding knifo, representing 
the crown, sword, and sceptre, with engraved views of 
Wilton House, Wilton Church, Salisbury Cathediul, and 
Stonehenge. 

Carvers* pruning knives, shooting knives, &c. 

Fine scissors, in newly invented steel cases for chate- 
laines. Model of Stonehenge. 



49 Eastwood, G., 31 Wahmjate, York — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
A panel-plane, answering the purposes of both panel 
and mitre. 



50 BiJkCKWELL, W., 3 Bedford Cofirt, Covent Garden. 
^ Registered razor guards and razors, com knife, cork- 
screw, &c. 

(For Sheffield goods, see Class 22, Nob. 102-235, &c.) 



'I Z I 




GENERAL HARDWARE, INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Tub imall«r manuiactures of irou, copper, brasa, tin, &c., arc represented Ly the objects conlainod wilhin the 
limits of this extensive Clasa. These manufactures are of coDudcmbic importance to this couutry, and employ a 
large number of hands and a considerable ammuit of capital. But the objects themselves are often of the most 
triuing description ; and were it not for the knowledge that ui>oii their production depends the subdetence of 
many thousaoda of operatives, they mi^t be passed by without notice. Itut in the manufacturing world the 
minutest article has its importance when the cousumpijon of that article is ;rrcat and the demand constant. It 
will consequently be found that the most insignificaut object comprehended within this Class has important 
relatione with the prosperity, not merely of a few individuals or of one miumfaclory, but of an entire district 
and its population. 

The Class includes the following Sub-Classec: — A. Brass Manufacture, as Cabinet and General Bran 
Potmdrj-, Hinges, Fastenings, Door-knockers, Castors, &c. ; B. Copper, Zinc, Tin, Pewter, and General Bradery, 
as Kettles, Saucejians, Urns, Tubing, Inkstands, Spoons, &c. ; C. Iron Manufacture, as Stoves, Grates, Fenders, 
Locks, Hinges, &c., and objects of a larger kind, as Man^lea, Gates, &c. ; D. Steel Manufacture, as " Heavy 
Steel Toys," such as Hammers, Vices, &c., and " Light Steel Toys," as Brooches, Buckles, 4c. ; E, Buttons; 
F. Wirework, Gauze, Hooks and Eyes, Fins, &c. 

A considerable amount of s)>ace is occupied by this important Class in the Building. Tlie articles comprised 
in it will be found on the South Side of the Western Main Avenue, to the West of the Colonial Prodnctiona. 
ITie Areas L. M. N. and 0. Ifl to 20, and 25 to 27, are occupied with these. Aloiij- a considerable [lart of the 
length of the Avenue O. P., Stoves, Pipes, Baths, Lamjis, and a miscellimeous collection of Uardware of every 
description will bo found. 

Birmingham has long been connected with the mimufacture of hardware of every kind, to such a degree tliat 
the name of the town has often become associated with these articles. Some dejuirtmeuts of the trade arc like- 
wise vigorously pushed at Wolverhampton, Walsall, and Sheffield ; but Birminsliam may be le^timately 
considered as the metropolis for hardwares generally ; and the enormous extension of its trade, attributable in a 
great measure to these manufactures, indicates the momentous results to which the production in quantities of 
the most trivial objects may give rise. In forty years the population of Birmingham has increased by neariy 
150 |»er cent, ; and what is highly instructive and remarkable is the fact that, in proiwrtion to the increase oif 
production has been the decrease of jiricc, until there has been a re<luctiou in the same periott of about 62 per 
cent., and in some articles oven to 85 per cent. The exports have likewise immensely increased in the same 
time : at its commencement they slightly exceeded 6,600 tons annually ; in 1849, the exports amounted to 
23,421 tons, the value of which has been estimated at about 2,201,315/. sterling. This relates merely to the 
iron manufactures : of the brass and copper manufactures were ex[iorled in 1849 to the value of 1,875,865/.; 
and it deserves notice, that the greatest proiwrtion of these manufactures absorbed by any country is that 
annually imported by Hindoatan — a country whose early reputation in metal manufactures is a subject (^ 
familiar knowledge. 

The system of the manufacture of hardware in Birmingham is peculiar, and presents a striking contrast to 
that adopted in Manchester and other large manufncturing places — the o]>cratives are themselves the manufac- 
turers. Hiring a workshop in which steam-iHiwer is laid on, and which is specially fitted up by the owner of 
the building, in which many such workshops are contained, the artizan plies his peculiar trade, manufactures 
his articles, carries them home to the merchant, and receives the weekly paj'ment for them, which enables him 
to procure fresh materials, arul proceed in the ensuing week with his regular labours. A very largo proportion of 
hardwares is thus manufactured. But this system is not universal ; and regularlv-organisal factories, employ- 
ing a Inrgc number of workpeople, and {lossessing all the distinguishing features of a great pnxtucing estabhui- 
ment, exist, and are in active operation. These establishments exhibit their beautiful productions in thi« 
Class. 

The immense variety of articles included in this Cla-is renders it impossible to refer in a succinct manner to 
any groups of objects ; and this is the less necessary, as such objects must attract the notice they deserve en 
inspection, and fuller information may be foimd in this part of the Catalogue, — R, E. 



GENERAL HARDWARE, INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, * P. 3 to 29. 



r>9r) 



1 HcM>D^ Sahubi^ 81 Upper Thames Street — ^Ptoprietor. 

Improved TentilBtuig stable stall, fitted with a cast and 
vTouglit imi luiy-nck, and with an enamelled caBt-iron 
BUBger and wster-cistem. 

Improred stench-trap of enamelled cast-iron. 



2 Shaluiam, Smith, & Co., Stourbruigi 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of Wyatt's new patent method of gbudng 
the surfaces of cast-iron articles, pumps, water pipes, 
eistenis, &€., vix., water-pipe glassed inside; and flanged 
«uction-pipe of pump. 

Specimens of glaze upon small pipe; upon a flat 
»>irfiftce of cast iron. Cast-iron manger, glazed. 

Specimen of fused glass, previous to being ground and 
mixed for use. 



18 Peibce, W,, 38 Loyd Street, Green Neifs, Manchester — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Registered letter-copying machines or presses; the re- 
quired pressure being obtained by means of India-rubber 
or steel RpringR. 

Model of a window with registered sash-fastener. 



19 



:\ 



Clarke, O. R., 2 Somerset Place, Kennington — 

Designer. 
Designs for chairs in ornamental iron-work. 



4 Guy, S. — Producer. 

A >-ariety of horse-shoes. 



\k Bakbow, — , East Street, Marylebane—Frodncer. 
Patent window-sash. 



r> KlKC, ChaBLXS, 5 Tonhridge St., New Hood, iSt. Pancras 

— Designer. 
Design for carriage-gates, to be executed in cast-iron ; 
ind for stained glass window. 

6 Phillips, J. B., Battcrsea Fields — Designer. 

Design for ornamental iron gates, with suitable stone 
piers, for a park entrance. 



7 Stevkss, Hekby Rowe, Newnutrket, Cambt-idyeshire — 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens of horse-shoes for hunters, hacks, racers, 
iod carriage horses. 

Narr<'»w hind, fore, and broad plates for race horses, 
with thin -soled feet. 



=1 WooDiN, D., 2« Shepherd Street, White I/orfe Street, 

PicetuHlly. 
Patent shoe* for horses or other animals, preventing 
their ulippiug on wi-kxI, ice, or any other surfjice. 

Milks, W. — Producer. 

Varirttis horsc-phoes. 

K> Whitehead, John, Oxford Street, Mnnchr-iter — 

Inventor and Producer. 
H«''p»4»-«hoe8. 



Barer, Edward Brackstone, 9 Walbrook — 
Designer and Inventor. 
Simple and portable hand-pressure letter-copying ma- 
chine, called a *' manutype." The letter to be copied, to- 
gether with a damped sheet or sheets of copying paper, 
are rolled together, with the India-rubber cloth, around 
the gutta-percha tube, and a very slight pressure of the 
hand produces a ^xirfect copy : the interior of the tube 
contains copying ink, pens, and other requisites. Writing 
and copying paper is rolled round the ** manutype," antl 
the whole is enclosed in a small tin case. 



20 Rothven, John, New Street, Edinbitrgh — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 

Letter-copying press, combining seal press and letter 
weigher. Its advantages are simplicity', power, and facility, 
in copying letters or designs; stampmg, and other useful 
applications. 

23 Symes, William, 19 Victoria Hood, Pimtico — Inventor 

and Patentee. 
Lump-sugar chopping-machincs. 



25 Bartrum & Pretyman, Brick I fill Lane, Upper Thames 

Street — Manufacturers. 

Wrought copper nails, roves, rivets, and washers. 



26 



Richardson, Robert, 21 Tmhridye Place, 
New liodd — Manufacturer. 

Wire netting, to protect gaixlens and plantations from 
hares and rabbits; to enclose pheasants and fowls; and as 
a fence agaiunt catH, dogs, sheep, &c. 



27 CooMBES, Benjamin, & Co., r>0 Afark Lane — 

Manufacturers. 
Fine twilled woven wire. 

29 Walker, Edward, 6 Cordiiujton Street, Kuston Square 

— Manufacturer. 
Specimens of perforated brass, respectively containing 
eight thousand one himdred, ten thousand, and fourteen 
thousand four hundred square holes to the square inch ; 
used for drug-grinding, glass-making, black-lead mills, 
and all pui'poses where fine powder is required. 



11 Chopping & Maund, 370 Oxford Street — Patentees 

and Manufacturers. 

S{*<iimens of Rodway's improved patent concave horse- 
'h'tesi. to prevent slipping on turf, wooden pavements, 
4'?. Patent machine-made, fullered, and seated horse- 
•hi-»e». Polished si>f»ciin«'na of the same. 



12 Holmes, Captain— Producer. 
Imi»rove<l bors*' -shoes. 

13 Focabtt, James, Adam Street West, Bryanston Squnyr. 
Horse-phoes. 

1 *) HTLf.MAN J., 4 Leaver' $ B'lifdingx, Glasshoiue Yard — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Concave expansion horse-shoe. 



16 Cook, William, WillesfMin/iufh, Ashford, Kent- 

Manufacturer. 
Hor*.e-«*lioe« in general use. 



17 PixJMLEY, W., Maidstone — Inventor. 

Model of an improved horse-shoo. 



)50 WiLKiNS & Wkathjirlv. 20 If!<jh Street, Wappuiy — 

Manufact u rers . 
Specimens of Smith's patent galvanized and ungal- 
vauized iron and copper wire rc^pes used for railway 
inclines, various mining operations, including pit guides, 
su8peiisif)n bridges, standing rigginp, lightning con- 
ductors, window and conservatory >ashep, fcmcing, and 
sub-marine tologniphs. 

[Iron wire ro})es are of equal strength with a hempen 
rope of four times the weight, and resist the wear an<i 
tear they are subjected to in " running gear" twice as 
long. If the surface of a wire-rope be left in any part 
unprotected by some coating irapeneti*able to moisture, 
the internal fibres become in process of time oxidized, 
and iinserti decay jf^es forwai'd. Iron cleaned by acid an<l 
plunged into a bath containing melted zinc, becomes 
coated with that metal, and the parts left unzinked alone 
rust. Iron thus treated is said to be ' * galvanized." — S. C. \ 

Part of a bar of iron, rolled at Sharp and Brown's 
mills, Fazeley Street. Birmingham, drawn into wire so 
fine that it has b«en formed into a Pi-ince of Wales' 
plume of feather.^. 



Clabs 22.— general HARDWARE, 
I,. M. N. O. IH TO 20. & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 TO 2! 



31 Vmb, Hbnkt Holtoh. 2 Aml-per Place, Kilbwn— 

Designer and HuiiifactuTer. 
ImproTed bird-cage. 

32 K(rPEH,W.,.5mT(^Ca™/,CuFiiienrri)— JUnuflcturor. 
Specimeiu of wire rope, in frame. Specimen of wire 

rope for eugpenaioii bridge ; and fitted into pulley 
blucke. Wire rope jib etay. Speciinena of wire rope, 
fitted with tbimblui, &c. Specitiiene of fint wire rope and 
wire gulden for pits. Golviuiized wire strand for fanc- 
inK- Copper lightniug-conductorB uid saah line. 

Spedmeiu of aiibnuu-ine tel^raph wire mpe. Round 
wire rope prepuvd, fur u». Ine luprovement ia atabid 
to conaiat in prerenting the wires and strands from being 
twiHtod on themselves, in the process of laying tliem muod 
centre cores of hemp; in giving an equal teniuan to each in- 
dividual wire; and in preserving the interior surface from 
a by saturating the cores of hemp with tar, &c. 



33 WoOM, W., I Qaten St., Syu^Auxir*— Manufacturer. 
Hooka and eyes, for military and naval unifurnis. and 

drapery pmpoaea. Bran chains for lamps and scales. 

34 BaKNUB & Bishop, A^ormcA— ManulacturB™. 
Ornamental Gothic hinge in wrought iron, with ivy 

leaf and stalk as a itaoomtion. 

Fourteen speciiDea* of galvanized iron wire netting. 

35 Fox, Tbomab Hsmir, 44 Skinntr Strefl— 

Btanufscturer. 

Ornamental garden arCh for tnuning creepers. Wire 
Sower-stands. Wire netting for aviaries, Ac., and the ex- 
clusion of game. Ornamental bird-cages. Flower-train- 
ers. Wove wire, fiy-proof, dish aad plate covets. Brass 
wire hangings, fire guards. Brass and copper wire, and 

weaving. 

30 Nbwau, R. S., t Co., Gntethtad, Nevcaale-vpon- 
TyiK — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Sample of wire strand, used for fencing, signal cord, Ice. 
Sample of wire ropes. Wire rope for suspension bridges ; 
and cable Uid wire rope. Wire rope, showing tlie mode 
of splicing. Patent wire ropes for submarine telegraph; 
lightning conductor; copper window sash cord and 
picture cord. Patent flat wire rope, and guide rope, for 
coal pita, &c. Rope which baa been at work conttajitly 
tor five years. 




Rcvnolili' win Flower IWU^ 



37 Heinolds, Joan, Jfev Cumpton 

An ornamental wire flower table. 
The sceompftnying illustration 
Tlie Mppsr part in supported by three 
which miite to form the legs of the table. 



38 



Patent kitcheners or cooking grates. 

Thin kitchener or cooking grate is remarkable for 
economy in fuel, having only one small Gre placed in the 
centre, between two large ovens. These OTena can be 
converted into superior roasters by opening a small ralvs 
on the top, when a current of air circulates through the 
oven, carrying ofl' every portion of steam into the flnea. 
The closets at either end are applicable to keeiung viand* 
hot when cooked, or they can be heated for baking paaby, 
bread. Sec. The hot plate on the top is capable ol keep- 
ing in full work several steam kettles, stewp^ns, fcc., 
and boiling or frying can bo done over the fire at the 
same time ; roasting can alito be carried on before the 
open fir«. At the back of the fire is placed a 50-gallon 
wrought-iron boiler, capable of supplying hot water to 
the upper part of the house, the draw-off cocka in front, 
the scullery and ataUe deMrtroent if required, and also 
of supplying a bath placed in any part of the premises. 
Another feature in this kitchener, is the extremis clean- 
liness with which the cooking is carried on. 

They are manufactured of various sizes. 




INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 1 




39 Qvcaxnn), K., ft Sons, Wurrinijlrm — Muiufactitrerr. 
Extrk ctroDg wir»-cloth, wove by Btsun-power, for 
■Wt-acnm, or diTing kiln Goor covering malt-kiln 
low with only two joining! ; for separating maueraU, 
AO) vmrioufl other purponcB; for rice-polishing mnchincB, 
kc. ; made with flat wajp, to increase ite dnmbility ; for 
dnaaing rice, aJid for varioue other purpoeee, 

t>'> Go«KiE, Thoxab. TVrlA — Detigne.1 and Manufacturer. 
Mallealile iron garden chair. Wire-netting, for cxcltid- 
of hanM Mid rabbits from gardeoj or fieldn. Laud men- 
igriDg chatUB with oval rings. 

H LiKUT, TiioxAs, &Sos.\ M Sl'iilf-i SIn-el, SheffiM— 
Putenlees and Manufactiirera. 

Putent circuLir dooble-blnst bellows, in iron frwne, 
ftnoplrtc and reatiy fur work, equal in power tii 32 long 
riapc bellows, weight ISUlbs. They sUnd in half til e 
Mmi that long bellowa do ; efToct a saving of twenty \xr 
«Dt. in fuel 1 every rtruke of the lever priHliicen a double 
quantity and foree of blast; Biipport a dischnrgiiig iii|ie of 
ijouble edacity; nnd iron and eteel is brought into a 
■uie of funon. without biiniiag or injuring its properties, 
in shout two-thirdfl of the uniial time. 

Improved circular bellows, complete, and ready for 
V'Ai, ; weight I M> lbs. 

hunt portable forge circular bellowR, with wroiight- 
iroD hearth, complete, weight 1 40 Iba. 

Intent and improved portable forgu with long bellows, 
mniplete; intended specially for the use of eniigraiitri 
■oil for exportation, weight 1.10 lbs. It can be taken to 
piMH and refiied in a few uiioutes. 

42 G«^a«. AbiuBAH. 27 Cpper Giwi/e SIrni, EiLjtirnrc 

Ai.irf— Inventor ajid Miuiiifncturer. 

Pn-tertive syphon chioioey-pot, for the cure of smoky 

tbimneysi intMided to create a draiigiit, and pre^'cnt tlio 

vind blowing downthe shaft. Applicobletooay cbitmiey. 

43 D»»SiTT, J*»Ea, AV/i-tt &rccl, S'lmlerland— 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Domestic mangle, which is oud to posaexs the following 

■diantagea: — great simplicity of construction, not liable 



45 Brtden &SoN8, Unw ferret, Edrnbui-ijIi—'tnvcaUiniMiil 
Mnnuf Actn rcrx. 

An index dial boll n-ith eight iiiilicntoiK, moile upon a 
now anil nimjile pbui, by which one boll only is re<|iiirtnl 
for any number nf aiurtnieuts. 

A monifolil lioll-piill, constnictod upon an ontirolynew 
plan, by which one niill in maite to ring bells in uiiji 
number of rmnnK. When tho jiointor is plnceit opposite 
to any name on the dial iilnte, anil the knob pulled out, 
the bell is then rung in the room indicated. 

An improved ciruiilar telegraph bell, boving two dials, 
nuniburod in the same manner, by moans of which eight 
different clerks or workmen may bo called. 

An air signal mouth-piece and bell. By blowing into 
the mouth-piece the bell in mug, at any distance less tlian 
I.tK") feet. This is an improved nieChiHl of ringing a bell 
in pbkces too distant or not suited for working cranks and 






a tube mouHi-piece .-md bell-pull. When 
:T., Lue tube orifice iii ojieiied, and tlio signal Wll 
ig, tho attendant U ndled to tlio other end of tlie 



A roviih-ing motith-picco for voice tubes, with boll-pull 

n-ith nix or any gieater number of voice tulws, luid at the 
some time Willi a similar number of bolU. 

SiHwimcn of a milf-cloHing-valve mouth-piece for voica 
tube; and "fa siiring covered moiith-piece for voice tulw. 

A banb-nafo lock. The [icciiliiu^ity of this lock consist* 
in an extension of the key after it is inserteil in the lock. 
and a secret cuimection between tlie interior of the key 
and two of tho players. The two inclined pLuivs on tlm 
under siiio of tho wanli- open or shut the extension of tho 
key OS it losses over them; thp part of the key thus 
extendeil operates on two plavcm placeil Iwyond (be reach 
of picklocks, while, at the same time, the uinin part of 
tho key works othortwo players, which am again operated 
on by the secret apparatus in tho interior of tlie key. 
This secret apparatus can be removed at |it('(iiiur<>. and tlie 
proper key then becomes unfit to work the lock, nnd all 



598 Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, rUxTTED 

L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 

skeleton keys, however well fitted to pass the wards, will Argonaut shell, suspended with gold wire, in engraved 

not operate on the players. vase, a fac-simile of one in the possession of Her Majesty, 

Specimens of drawing-room and dining-room lever and with a rare plant in it. 

draw-out bell-pulls in ordinary use in S^tland. Silver-gilt snuff-box with inscription. 

Specimens of bells, mounted on brass carriages, steel 

springs, and steel pendulums, with concealed attachments 55 Tbegoon, H. k W., 22 J^tcin Street, and 57 

for the wires. Oraccchur<:h Street — Manufacturers. 

A Venetian blind with a new spring roller. Zinc window-blinds, perforated on one piece of metal. 

An improved spring roller sun blind, with patent slip with varied designs, 

catch. Specimens of ornamental >dnc mouldings, cornice, gut- 

An improved spring barrel roller blind, with patent ters, &c. 

slip catch; free from noise when the blind is drawn down. Patterns of drawn and moulded zinc bars, of metal 

and allowing the barrel to be easily taken down to be sashes, &c. 

cleaned or repaired. _ ,, „ .. Ill ITT,, r . « 

56 Savage, Robert Watson, 15 St, Jame^s Sqvare — 

46 Stewart, Charles, 40 Belt Street, Edgtr<tre Rond— „ . ^ „ ^ Inventor. « ^_^ ^ ^ 

BCanufacturer. Spnngs for all descriptions of doora. Bedstead for 

A playing ornamental fountain. mvaJids. , , , . ... 

Alarum bedstead, causing a person to anae- at any 

61 Edge, James, Coalpool, Shropshire— UanuSactMrer. given hour. 



Model of apair of pit frames, with barrel and flat chains. 57 Smith, Ttomas, 1 Lordship Place, Lawrence Strwtt, 

Wood and iron keyed flat chains, for pits of various Chelsea Inventor. 

81M8* . . , , , , . - , , Portable folding wrought-iron bedstead. 
Improved straight-sided round chain, for naval and 

mining purposes. Horn-chain frames. 53 Tonkin, James, 315 Oxford Street— DeBogaer and 

Manufiacturer. 

54 Lawrence, T. B. & J., 55 Parliament Street, and Ornamented iron bedstead, of the Italian order, with 

10 Vork Place, Lambeth — Manufacturers. registered spring lath bottom. This bedstead is repre- 

British zinc ores and zinc first running from the same, sented in the annexed out (p. 599), which exhibits the 

British zmo in ingots as merchandise. ornamental character of the bedstead, and the spring 

Roiled zinc in sheets, plates. Sec., various. lath bottom. 

Perforated sheet zinc, for safes, larders, blinds, &c. „ ^ r>. t^ « „,. , r~" ^ ^ - , «, ^ 

BritUh zinc nails, &c. '^9 Cottam, Edward, 2 Tli»w% Street, Oxford Street— 
British zinc in various manufactiu^d articles, forming ^ ^. Inventor and Manufacturer. 

a small assemblage of the applications of zinc. The rheioclme, or patent spring bedstead, exhibiting 

rmu XL u- V • v ^ J • X • an improved form of spnng mattress. 

[The ease with which zmc can be turned mto various 

forms, has brought the application of this metal into very 60 Steele, W. & P., 61 Oeorge Street, Edinburgh — 
generil use; it is reduced into sheets from strips, by the Patentee and Inventor, 

ordmary process of rolling; when undergoing the same it Kitchen range for culinary purposes, and apparatus for 

is heated, but not to a high temperature ; in soldering, the "^^ *^! temperature of water for baths and other uses. 
• i. V J 'i-u • J.' -J / • '4. r ixv XI- The patent range is constructed, m all its parts, on 

seam is touched with munatic acid (spint of salt) on the scientific principled, and contains ample range W for 

part to be umted. Zmc may be drawn mto tubes, &c., roasting and boiling, with one or more ovens, and 

with facility, and stamped into various shapes. — W.C. A.] a spacious boiling-table or hot hearth, — all of which are 

A warming-bath, with iron grate and chimney pillars, ^^^^ "P ^^ ^^® principle of perfect ventilation. A large 

and chamber for shower-bath, with brass force for repe- toiler in the range affords a constant and ample supply of 

tition. ^^^ water, and is suited to cook by steam; also apparatus 

A lady's shower-bath, with hip-bath and force-pump. ^'^^h gives the power of heating a reservoir of water at 

Antique bath, in imitation of marble. the top of the house, one hundred feet more or less above 

Knee-bath, with tube to vary temperature. *^e level of the kitchen, from which reservoir hot water 

Hip-bath. Foot-bath, with rest and soap-dish. Spong- ^^ ^ distributed all over the house, and by means of 

ing-bath. Foot-bath and can, japanned. which a bath may be got ready for use at a moment's 

Coal-skuttle of British zinc, which has been in use 26 notice, during any hour of the day, or even at midnight, 

yom^g^ in cases of sudden indisposition. Means are also provided 

Toilet pail and can. Coal-holding vessels. Closet pail ^^^ effectually and speedily cleansing out the boilers, 

with balance basin. Ice pail, with moveable perforated without further trouble to servants than merely turning 

shelves. one or two stop-cocks, so that hot water may at all times 

Drawn lengths of rain-pipe. Drawn lengths of rain- ^ ^^ fr®® o^ sediment and perfectly pure. The whole is 

shutes or gutters, cornices, &c. effected by one open fire, before which meat may be 

Angles of connection. Cistern heads, or snow-boxes, roasted in the usual manner, besides effecting a saving of 

various. Shoes for the same, various. a* I®*** *»alf the q^uantity of fuel used in apparatus of 

Drawn lengths of zinc tubing, for bell-hanging, con- ordinary construction. This range can be made on a 

ducting water, sound, &c. Drawnlengthsof zinc window- limited or extended scale to suit the accommodation 

bar. requu^d. 



Specimens of zinc plate engraving. ^q^ Perry, E., Wo/wrAflmp^oi^— Manufacturer. 

[A few years ago an attempt was made to substitute a Specimens of iron and tin ore; common and refined 

zinc plate for the lithographic stone. The experiment, pig iron ; bar and sheet iron ; bar and sheet iron prepared 

can scarcely be characterized as a successful one: the pro- for tinning; block tin; and tin plates, 
cess of drawing the designei's subject was identical with Strong tin warer—Basting ladles; coffee boilera and 

mhog^phy „ l-o the p«p.ration of the plate for ^1^.21^^; BuLf^p' ll^r^H^'t^^^:' 

prmtmg.— W. O. A.J p^^^g. ^^ tea-kettles, with and without stands. 

Vases in imitation of choice marble, with rare planta. Planished tin ware: — Bed-airer; bonnets; biscuit pans; 

as Ward's oases. oafSti^res; candlesticks; canisters; oval cheese steamer 

Lemon-shaped domes of bronzed zinc bar. and toasters; chocolate pots and mill; coffee biggins, 

Pedestals of whiie zinc, for the same. boilers, filterers, and pots; covers for plates and dishes; 

Ward's cases containing suitable plants. ^gg poachers, oodlers, and ladles ; Etnas, for boiling 



INCLUWMQ LOCKS AND ORATES. 

L. M. N, 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



vaUr; fiih-kntta; flov-tKira; ^ratan; faot-wftter dishea 
lad pUt^i inhmlir; peppar-boieai alien; struners, for 
silk. grBT7, mud gmel; moulds; tea extncton, kettlea, 
ntd pola ; mrrnar*, for curiage, for feet, ud for atomach ; 
sicker plat«-bukat« ; wine mullen and struaer. 

Japamted mie:— batlu; bmd and cakebaakets; boilar 
Ulan; twonet bona; botuical bozaa; candle buiee and 
■fci; eaodlaaticka ; eatuBten, round and equare; caiih- 
boiai ; checM (!>;■; cigar trafa; coal acoopa, abovela. and 



vaaea; datecaBeB; dressing cases; ewers and bannaj fire 
bsiketsttjid screen; (tuopowdBrcttoister; hearinB trumpet ; 
inkstands; jugs; knife truyn ; lamps ; lanterns; Ic^batb; 
letter cages; music stand; nuraery lampe; plate carriani 



and writing boxes. 




62 CowLBT & James, Wiiltall—liuiutaetrmn. ' Samples of wrougbt iron gaa and ateam tubea and joints 

Patent iron bedateads, consisting of French half-tester One of these bedsteads is shown in the cut, in which it 
•ad tent badateada. Child's cot in iron and in brass. I lightness and simplicity are represented. 




Oinlcr ind Jinin' TiWM [run li-dar^A 
W TTtAB4 PACE,3l3 0j->nJ«.re(, anda Q"e<-HSlm-l, \ hcdatciuU. Fientb bcdstcmlR, aiul fcl.ling portable bcl- 
(■*<MpiKfr— Manufacturers. tt(Md«. The iii.volt}- of these articles oniists ehielly in 

Specimens of perforated metal sliecls. Specimens of i the iiitriHluutimi of u'roiigbtiron joints and di-;L\vu slitet- 
pUcnt iron bedsteads, child's cot, cunimnn iron stump ] iron anglo railu. 



600 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



[UsnTKD 



64 Pkrkes & Co., Emenon Street, Soitthtcark Bridge — 

Manufacturers. 
Patent folding metallic bedstead, which can be used 
also as a crib, couch, &c. Registered. 



65 Hill, Edward, & Co., Brkrley Hill Iron Works, 
near IhuVcy — Manufacturers. 

Patent four-post iron bedstead, with pillars of taper 
iron tubing, &c., japanned fancy bearl and foot-rails; and 
the parts united by ornamental castings. 

Patent half-tester bedstead, with foot-roil, pillars of 
taper iron tubing, &c., fimcy japanned and brass mounted. 

Patent French bedstead, of solid iron, with fancy bead 
and foot-rails ; and the jiarts united by ornamental iron 
castings. 

Child's cot, of solid iron, with patent improvements, 
japanned blue, with brass top. 

Patent half-tenter cot, of solid iron, with patent im- 
provements and regif«tere<l safety sidra, japanned bamboo. 

All the parts fit accurately and can be put up and taken 
down by one person, without tools, bemg put together 
with patent dovetail joints, and fitted with (Mtent iron 
lath bottoms. 



66 Shoolbred, LovERroGE, & Shoolbrkd, Wolter- 
hampUm— Designers and Manufacturers. 

Papier mach^ trays, in various styles. Coal vase, and 
scoops. 

Shower-bath. Windsor hip-bath. Sponge-bath, with 
various ornaments and improvements. Nursery hand 
shower-bath. 

Beart's patent coffee-pot, electro-plated on tin. 

[The principle of pneumatic pressure is involved in the 
operation of this utensil: the upjwr portion of the pot 
may be considered a cylinder, in which moves the coffee- 
holder, which consists of a piece of cloth strained over 
what may be called a piston, the action of raising which, 
produces a partial vacuum, and the coffee is strained by 
passing through the sieve-like material of wliich the 
piston is composed, by atmospheric pressure. — W. C. A.] 

Sets of toilet-ware. Wine-cooler. Dish-covers. Tea- 
pots, coffee-pots, and tea-kettles. Cash, deed, and 
writing boxes. 

Date-dials for libraries, counting-houses, &c. 



67 Johnson, Edward, 160 /'iccodiV/y— Manufactiu^r. 

Iron folding hinged bedsteads, with brass hinges and 
legs; with pole, having a ring at the top from which the 
curtains and drapery are suspended, capable of being 
packed in a small waterproof valise. 



68 Whitfield, James Alexander, Pelaw Staith, 

near Gtiteshead— Inventor, 

Improved grappling or dredging-iron, for drawing from 
the water the bodies of persons apparently drowned. 

The improvement consists in its passing over four times 
the space which the present irons pass over, and in the 
same time. In case of the hooks fastening at the bottom 
of the river they will straighten. The hai^ng-chain with 
the hooks will detect a body lying bohmd a rock or large 
stone. Made to take into pieces, so that it can be easily 
repaired. 

69 Walton & Co., Wo/r^rAompfon— Manufacturers. 
Coal vase and scoop; enamelled foot-bath, pail, and 

sponging and milk-cans; block-tin dish covers; bronzed 
kettles and stands. 



74 Stirk, J., Salop Street, Wolverhampti 

Manufacturer. 
Engineers* anvil, tinmen's anvil, and smiths' vice. 



75 Wood, Gixiroe, Thomas, William, 8l Henrt, 

Stourbridge — Manufact ii rers. 

Wrought-iron anvil and vice, for smith's forge. 

Spades and shovels. Scythes and hay knife. 

Grafting and draining tools. Pick. Frying-pan. 

Link chains used in rigging of vessels, cajrtles, and 
inclined planes. Swivel, used in chains, to prevent 
twisting. Shackle, used to unite pieces of chain together 

Anchors. Card of nails. 

Screw jack, for lifting wagons, boilers, and wei^fhts. 

Model : — Winch for sbips. Windlass for lifting cables, 
and steering barrel for vessels. 

76 Keep & Watkin, Ftaters Works, Stourbridge — 

Manufacturers. 

Spades and shovels used in the various counties of the 
United Kingdom, and in the colonies. 

Set of improved cast-steel draining tools. 

Round and oval frying-pans. Glaziers,' foundry, and 
cooks* ladles, and tinned iron hand -bowls. Crown and 
patent garden, bramble, and grass scythes; and hay, 
chaff, and thatchers' knives. 

Specimens of crane and coal chain. 

Horse nails. Coimter clout nails and coopers* rivets. 

Various anvils. Coopers* beak iron and smiths* anvils. 

Bright, staple, improved solid worm, screw box, 
vice, Sec. 

Best faggoted axle arm moulds, for carts and wagons. 

Plough-share, beam, and coulter moulds, for foreign 
and home markets. 



82 Handyside, Andrew, Britannia Ftmndnj, Derby — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 

Cast-iron fountain and vases, one a copy of the " War- 
wick vase." 

An ornamental cast-iron vase, bronzed. {Placexl in the 
Main Avenue West.) This vase is represented in the 
accompanying Plate 60. 

Two cast-iron vases, from the Medici vase. 

Two Bacchanalian vases, from the antique. 

Two antique vases with scrolls. 



83 The Bowling Iron Company, Bradford, Vorkshire 

— l*roducers and Manufficturers. 

1. Iron ore, as raised from the ground. 

2. Iron ore, calcined, ready for the furnace. - 

3. Best coal, for smelting the said ore. 

4. Coke, produced from the same coal. 

5. Pig metal, produced from the same ore, No. 1, 
No. 2, and No. 3. 

6. Refined iron, from said pig metal. 

7. Stampings from refined iron No. 6, puddled. 

8. Railway wheel -tires, produced from No. 7. 
9 Railway wheel tire, bent cold. 

10. Railway axles, bent cold. 

11. Samples of puddled iron, rolled and punched in 
different forms. 

12. Round inm, tied in knots cold. 

13. Marine boilers, flue iron. 

14. Cuttings from boiler plates. 

84 Bateman, James, Rollim^ and Wire Mills, Low Moor, 

near Bradford, Yorkshire, 

Bloom of iron H. C, produced at East Ries, Norway, 
and generally used for wire for cards, and other pur- 
poses, where great toiighness and strength are require. 

Billet and wire rod rolled from the same. 

Nos. 6, 9, 12, and 19, ynre drawn from the same. 
Rolled into rods and drawn into wire by the exhibitor. 

Various sizes of wire, from No. 24 to No. 38 wires' 
gauge, drawn from the same. 

Various patterns of cards manufactured with the same 
wire by Daniel Bateman & Sous. 

[The origin of the term "bloom" is not very eWdent; 
oertain it is, that the most ancient iron-works in this 
country were called "bloomaries," or " bloom-smithies." 
Blooms are lumps of iron, and are produced in such a 
way as to ensure groa£ toughness. Such as the one 
exhibited are usually formed by melting slags in fur- 



.3 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, ^ 25 to 27 ; O. 9, ^r ]>. 3 to HO. 



COl 



jch a moderated heat that time is allowed for 
to aepaimte from the silicious matter which 
'.he im.puritiee, which then muB down into a 
ere all the particlen get agglutinated and form 
ua88, which is removed by a hooked pole in 
be forged ; the formation of each bloom of 
iron requiring a period of from three to four 
its production. — R. H.] 

', Dawson, & Hardt, J^)w ^foor fron Works, 
Brotiftjrd — Producers and Manufacturers. 
8 from the Low Moor Com{)any's mines, near 
Black ironstone, an argillaceous iron ore, 
8 per cent, of pig iron. Requires a limestone 
ck bed coal, found immediately under the iron- 
»ut 28 inches thick. Better bed coal, foimd 40 
'>w the former, about 22 inches thick. Speci- 
Low Moor pig iron, and of wrought iron in 
lapes ; some tested by tension and otherwise, 
h gun of 9 feet 4 inches, weighing 85 CAi^'t., used 
»w shot, shells, grape, and canister shot. The 
powder is 12 lbs., and reduced charges are used 
range shells. When fired with a hollow shot of 
id an elevation of 5^, this gim has a range of 
ds. Mounted on a carriage ^made by Messrs. 
F. Ferguson, Mast House, Mill Wall, London) 
and appurtenances, with improvements to facili- 
orking and training, and checking the recoil, of 
IS. Thirty-two pound gun, of 6 feet, weighing 
ised with solid shot, shells, grape, and canister 
le charges of powder vary from 2^ to 4 lbs. 
arge of 4Ibs., and firetl at an elevation of 5^, 
is 1,500 yards. Mounted on a similar carriage, 
(ide and quarter-deck purposes, 
ane mill. Cylinders or crushing rolls, 24 inches 
by 48 inches in length, to be driven by steam 
Kiwer. Olive mill. Cylinders or crushing i-oUs, 
in diameter, by 20 inches in length ; to be 
cattle, steam, or water power. 
A elliptograph, for dmwing ellii^sos of any pro- 
om a straight lino to a circle. 

.19, WiLUAM, 130 mjh Street, Tslc of Wijht— 

Mfuiufacturcr. 
1 -range, and hot-plate over oven for roasting, 
liking, and itewing, heated ])y one fire. Boiler 
le ftanie, for heating stt*am -kettles, steam -closet. 



>LSON, William Xewzam. ye\carh-<m- Trent — 

Inventor ;ind Mjuiufsicturer. 
ce cookiug-p:i*ato. with irnprovenient^, registered 
thibitor, nn»ler the juiteiit of John Lcj<lie, of 

The iijij»n>venientM claiine<l conswt of a firo- 
\Z. an improved form f>f firo and range, which 
r fuel till all irf coiiflumed, and Kli<le« in gi-oovcH so 
eiiiains of a fire can be cleare<l out in an iuHtiint. 
ire chaml>er grate, with similar imj>rovemeut«*. 

range for farm kitchcriJ^, or other largo csta- 
H, with similar regi.st-ereil improvements ; and a 
r>ven. hot- water boiler, steaming closet, and 
et. all heated from a firo of moderate size, 
ng-grate for cottages and emigrants, complete 
jtting, with oven and capacious boiler, the upper 
nning a hot plate or ironing stove, 
zers' cooking-grate, with oven, 
ing-mnge for large establishrnentM, forming a 
-Jtove for roasting, baking, boiling, &c. 

suitable for dining-rooms, exliibiting a new 
)n of colour with steel or iron-work. 
ght bnicket for gaw, made of iron, with a 
ler, 

iX bracket for lights for a baronLil hall, manu- 
f iron and polished. 

ns of decorative work in wrought and cast- 
ine<l. 

S9, John, Leominster, Ilerefitrihhire — Inventor, 
of patent inventions, &c. : — Stove for warming 
&ting buildings. 



Stove grate for warming and ventilating rooms, &c. 
Kiln for drying malt, hops, and other substances. 
Machine for separating the parts of hops. 
Structure for the better management of farm-yard 
manure. 

89 DuLEY, John, Northampton — Inventor and 

Bianufacturer. 

R^^istered self-acting ejfflu via- trap. 
Patent cooking-stove. 

90 Shave, W. J., 74 WatUng Street, Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Patent oven, for baking bread, pastry, meats, &c. 
£Ixhibited for economy of fuel and time. 



91 Sharp, James, Smtthampton — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Apparatus for cooking by gas a dinner for one hundred 
persons. 

[Dr. Clayton, in 1739, boiled eggs by means of gas; 
Mr. Murdoch, in 1792, boiled and fried meat by gas; 
and in 1824 a gas cooking stove was in use at the Etna 
Iron Works, near Liverpool. — S. C] 



92 Kerslake, Thomas, Kxeter — Manufacturer. 

Registered boiler for heating churches, mansions, 
manufactories, &c. 

93 Haubtead, Charles & Sons, Chichester, Sussex — 

Manufacturers. 

Kitchen-range, with mantelpiece, combining all the 
conveniences of a close range, with a large open roasting 
fire, lai*ge oven and hot plate, and good supply of hot 
water. 

94 Keene, W., 42 Comhill, and 19 Harjntr Street, 

Bloamshury — Inventor. 

Registered conducting leaf stove, adapted for heating 
large apartments in houses exposed to a north -eastern 
aspect. The diflSculty of heating large rooms to a com- 
fortable temperature, in the depth of winter, led to the 
invention of the stove exhibited. In an ajNirtment almost 
insensible to the action of the ordinarj' fire-i)laoe, and in 
which the thennometer indicated but a feeble tendency 
to rise two hours after fire-lighting, it was affected to 
the extent of 20 degi*eeR in little more than as many 
minutes after lighting a fire in the leaf stove. The sen- 
sitiveness of the leaves to the diffusion of heat Is so gi-ejit 
that the combustion of a few shavings or a little paper in 
the fire-place is immediately and sensibly felt in the 
a|>artment. Such a nwult, obtained not only without 
any sacrifice of, but in addition to, the comfort of an 
oiKjn fire in the onlinary fire-phu-e, cleiu'ly demonstrates 
the value of the heat which we jHTinit to pass up the 
chimney. By the leaf stove it is ren<lered available, and 
made to circulate in the ajwirtment, or may be shut off at 
will. 

The conducting leaf stove is formed of plates of metal 
so placed that e;ich one is a conducting leaf, a jKirtiou of 
which goes down, as it wei*e, into contact with the fiixj, 
and is exposed to the direct action of the heat. The 
heat thus received is rapidly <listribiite<l over the whole 
surface of the leaf. When it is desired to take advantage 
of the heat conummicated by conduction, it is only 
needful to set the valves ofx^n, and permit the air to 
circulate around the leaves; by closing the valves, the 
circulation is suj^pressed or modified at j>leasure. The 
rapidity of the conduction of the heat prevents the metal 
attaining a high temixjraturo. The principle of this stove 
is to diffuse a lai*ge volume of air at a genial temperature 
by the conducting power of extensive surfaces. In onli- 
nary stoves, masses of metal heat small vohimes of air 
to a high temperature, by which it is rendered unwhole- 
some. This stove and its int<»rior construction are shown 
in the next page. 

The principle of the conducting leaves can l>e applie<l 
in a great variety of fonus, and to the construction of 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWABE, 
[,. M. N. O. 1ft TO 20. & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, ft ?. 3 t 



■to*M of any mbs, for he«tiDg veitibutei. hoapital mrda. 
chutctiM, and public building! genenlly, and can ^■~ 
kept witlkiu the limita needful for the invalid bed-n 
or imallMt apartment. 




9Sa FrkTH, Thoxu, Eliia Strett, Btlfait, Triland— 

Proprietor. ^ 

Registered model fire-box, with hollow fire ban, for | 
looomotiTe and other fomacei. 

See also Clan 5, No. 472, with cute. 



>, Jameb, Derby-— ManuAkCturer. 

Bumiahed steel drawing-room etove, with porceli 

hearth and black marble chimney -piece. Radiating hall- 
■tore, with hearth-plate. Church-atove. 

98 Bekbui A: Sons, 19 Wigmon SL^-XaaafttA-aiim. 

Oxford roBBting range with radiating back. 

Improved Oxford range with oven. Fitted aUo with 
■moke jack, with double outaide movement, ohaina, i 
cradle, spit, beef and mutton. (See the annexed cut.) | 



f. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & *25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



G03 



ii hot-pUte and broiling stove, with ovon for 
«., to be heated by one fire ; moveable gridiron, 
irooal stoTea; ateam-table for dishing up; hot 
th folding doors, to be heated by steam or hot 
aifpe oven and furnace with closet above ; bain- 
a for keeping gra\'ie8 and sauces hot ; vegetable 
md trays; steam-kettles, copper brazing-pan, fidh- 
tock-poi, and stew-pans, 
r warm-bath, with cocks and lever handles, 
r smipeiiding ahower-bath. Portable warm bath. 
'■ stove. Shrapnel's new system of bell-liang- 
K>iit wiiea or cranks. Stove-grates. 



CbUBOOiiY, T. — l^roducer. 
{-room flre-acreen. 



Son, ASkowden, 10 Filter St., BUhopSQatc 
Strtti — ^Bakentees and Inventors, 
t poroalaiii enamelled coffee-roasting cylinder, 
inod iSMide to prevent the possibility of scorching 
ing the ooflee during roasting, and prevents the 
>in imfailniig that metallic or vaporous flavour, so 
(Hnplatiied of in coffee roasted in the ordinary 
I iron cylinders. The metal of which these 
na an oomppaed is altogether different to any 
> employed for that purpose. 
wire cyUnder is used for purifying or cleansing 
iiat has imbibed offensive flavours during im- 
n. It is likewise applied for cooling coffee after 
^ by tlie introduction of atmospheric air; it is 
in a few minutes, and mav be packed for any 
9, Without the essential oil starting from the 
1^ what is generally known in the trade by the 



Lblii^ John, 59 Conduit Street — Inventor, 

Patentee, and ManufiActurer. 
tt^fire-brick grate for drawing-rooms. The back, 
and aides are of flre-brick, &c., the only admis- 
air being in front, a more effective combustion of 
I IB accomplished, whereby greater heat radiates 
e room with a saWng of 50 per cent, of couIh, 
r wood. 

It fire brick dining-room or libx-arv grates, bod- 
jatea, labouren^ cottage gratert, and even, boiler, 
arning apparatus for cooking piiritoscB. 
at domestic gaM purifying appiiratus, whereby great 
y and economic re8ult8 are obtaine<l in the cuiu- 
1 of gas. Patent gas regulating apparatus, to 
■a: the flow of gari. 

ut 2m. tube gas bumenj, with glaHH combustion 
en?, graduate<l forgiven quantities of gas, whereby 
ire>"*t amount of light of wliich the gaH is suaceptiblo 
>uced without changing the burner. 



Sti'art & Smith, >'nqfulil — Mauufticturern. 

imenri of Sylve^ter'H patent gi-aterf, exhibited for 

y of princi]»le, design, and workmanship. 

nt rvja«ter grate, with a revolving canopy; on a 

iuciplo. 

mautelpiece.<i manufactured by MeswrH. NeUon, of 



e. 



ltm». fire-iroiu». &c., exhibite<l as specimens of 
iind workmanship. 

mdin^ and deHcendiug air st«)Ve8, sidt-iible for 
L-e halls. &c. 

r^ miniature Htcam-engine>». in bnuts, complete ; 
1 buth by steam and clock work. The Ijirgost 
t 21 ouncei*, the second only f of an ounce, and the 
»t ) of an ounce. Made by \V. Hui-st, Slietiield. 



BvAXS, JcREJilAH, SoN, & Co., 33 King William 

Strc*^, Lijfviitn Brylgc — Manufacturers. 
oished steel drawing-room register stove, fender, 
re implements en suite, moimte^l with ormolu 
enti«. 



A kitchen-range, with two wrought iron boilers (for 
steam and hot water), the hobs and fronts polished, the 
latter fitted with Berlin black pannels; the bars are 
bright, vertical, and made to o})en after the manner of 
a giite, with two winding cheeks and trevets, made to 
work in an improved manner. 

A broiling-plate, with loose ring tops, made to cor- 
respond in style with the range. 

A steam hot-closet, with copper shelves, with double 
doors, finished in same style as range ; copper steam - 
kettles, stewpans, &c. 

A complete double oven, with dead sprung fronts, 
bold G mouldings, sliding pannel doors; also made to 
correspond ^ith range. 

A smoke-jack, with double outside movement and 
dangles, adapted to turn six spits, or more. 

A highly-finished warm-air stove, black polished, with 
mermaid ornaments at the comers, ashes-grate and 
fender, adapted for the state cabin of a ship. 

A classic bronzed pedestal lamp, adapted for an en- 
trance hidl, with three patent Argand burners and 
glasses. 

A bronzed trophy or shield, with brass ornaments, 
sword, sword-belt, &c. 

Brass and black dogs for wood fires. 

Improved kitchener; or cooking apparatus, so ar- 
ranged as to form either an oven or close fire, with a 
large roasting oven, wrought iron boiler, &c. 

A black register stove, in the Elizabethan style, with 
fire-brick back, fender and fire fui*niture to correspond. 

A dead-sprung register stove, with canopy of Italian 
bronze, lizard ornaments, bright bars, &c. 

104 Morton, J., 32 Eyre Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
A cast-iron table, with marble top, and an or-molu 
fender. Berlin and bronze fenders. 



105 LoNODEN & Co., Sheffield— Desigaen and 

Mimufiicturers. 

Cooking apparatus, adapted for an opening eight feet 
wide, by five feet higli, and containing an oi)en-fire roast- 
ing nmgc, with sliding spit-racks and win<ling cheek or 
niggard; a wrought-iron boiler, holding thirty gallons, 
prepiu*ed for 8upi)lying hot water to an upjwr chamber ; 
a wrought-iron i>astry oven, having the top made hotter 
than the bottom, thereby insuring the pa*»try being 
lighter and more wlu»lcsome than in ovens on the old 
principle; a hot hearth, heated by the oven flue, intende<l 
for boiling fish and vej^etables ; three stewing stoves and 
one oven, to be heate<l by giw, for >x>iling, frying, baking, 
or roasting, which may be regulated at plciisure by tlio 
g<us cocks. Meat ro}wte<l in the gjw oven is wiid not to 
wa-jte away in the same jjroportion as when done before 
the fire, and as the <lnpping falls uix)n a cool j)an it is 
not burnt or discolourtHl, but rendered fit for culinary 
purjjoses. The two hot heai-ths lu-e surrounded by cove 
plates, which are so animged a« to protect the cook from 
the hoiit of the o[)en firo. 

Warm-air stove, heated by gas phvced in a wrought- 
iron interior, with e.scai>e pipe at biick, and having the 
exterior perforated throughout for the escape of wimn 
air. 

Specimen stjur bahwters and newells, in various style^^ 
of omjvuient. 

(Jallery front for entrance hall, &c., consisting of a 
jwinel inRomJUi style, pum)unded with mahogany mils 
an<l pill{U><. The various scrolls and foliage of this 
design ar-e carved on both si<les, and intertwined with 
the niiliug bars, in imitation of a natunU growth. 

Perft»rated pedestals ft»r enclosing coils or tiers of 
pipes, luuited by the circulation of hot water, with marble 
slab at top, used as hall tid>les, &c. 

10»^ JonsoN 8t Co.. iSA^'^oAf— Manufacturers. 

Patent bright steel light and heat reflecting stove - 
grate, with white marble chimney-piece, overlaid with 
jrilt ornaments in tho renaissance «»tyle. This grate is 



Clam 22.— QESEBAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. K. 0. 18 TO 20, ft 25 TO 27 ! O. «, & P. 3 



} cotiibioe ecoDomy with powera of hnt- 
iiiK anil veiitiUtioD ; the reflector is raovable upon a 
iili'lo-hiiige for ventilatiiiD, taking out the Kshes, tad 
BWBeiiing the cliiuiitey. IJuiUlile for drnwiug-ruonu, &c. 
A bumi»hed »1«b1 regirtcr-rtove, with white marble 
chiuiiiey-pitKe ; the stove ornamanUd with twijiteil Bteel 
moiildingB. p]l coronet, and silver feather*, and there ia 
also a steel aah-poo fender with polished moulding, and 

A bright patent aJr-Htove; the design forming a pedestal. 
SuJUble for eutrance bslLt, &c. 

I^lour cuukiog-stuve. The advantages of this grate 
coDiiM in ita forming a chimney-piece, with njien fire 
register- grate, and portable oven for cooking, tjuitable 
for cottagea, Indging-hoiuea, Stc. — Invented by Henry 
Loxton, architect, 9 Pall Mall Eaat. 



106a Laiton, H., 19 ArvmklStrttt, £'fnBul— Inventor. 
Parlour cooking-stove. 

107 PiEBCE,WiLLialI,S/crmjffl5f.— Designer, Inveobor 

and Manufacturer. 

Stove-grate, In the Elizabethan style, with fendsr and 

Drawing-room stove-grate, in style of Louis Quatone. 

Chimney-piece of cast iron, enamelled iu the enriclied 
style uftbc period. Fender, in or-molu, formed of vine 
loaves, tendrils, and cluKtcra of grapee, the supports for 
the fira-iron* botrig branchix of the vine with bunches of 
grapes eunpeailed. Fire-iroue en mile, of polished steel, 
tiaviiig npii-dl atems, the inm of the shovot engraved, 
the. ■ ■ • , . . . 



KlizabethuD chiuine; -piece, of British ohibaater, by 
Henry Poole, mason J and the hearth of 
British marble, the outer border in Sienna. 



R^pitered pyro-pneumatie wanning an< 

stove-grate, suitable for the entrance-hall or 
uoblemau's mansion ; the outer caaing of eaat 
polished, and browned. The interior ia of ; 
clay, moulded in varioua piecea. lUa ~^' 
senUd in the following cut. 




Phns'i Pyn-PKaBatkSieH-inW. 




INCLUDING LOCKS AND (mA-IFS*. 

L. M. N. 1). 1« TO 20. & 2,-. Ti. -17 ; 0. », A P. ;( r 





f liivij, ShtglM- 



Muuurnctur 

l'>tnit rliiulile.edfw I^wifl iui<l ^piiiil iuncliin» kiiiviw, 
''T'lr-uiii^clutb. Leil|{er bluilu. aiiil ojiriiiKlieiltuwiirk 
'.'I. ilii- a^uiM. tbjtoiu-t iqiinil luHiiJiiiK htiiv««. 

<.'i^'•lI.l^. fhunv. aiul \'\t lUWii. Milliqiw wol>. Kkiii- 
'■r''-lif;inir-ktiife. HBCliinv-kiiinj. fw fiittitijj UiIku^-o. 
^v4.,„.-.|.]„,„ aiul munl'lin^ inuM. IHlug, [uw>i-tu<l. 
ijr.i. tA-.. witii vitwi iiuil ilBnibTiK. 



r'h^Atlii, Yvrkthiiv. — Muuiifiuturel'B. 

y. vM ..f th.' Cyttii«' Wwfc.. 

Vui-'UH FiHi'iiiieiH, illuHtnttive uF t)ia cnuvtrriiun <ii , 
y-1 :m'* tttv): c<nii{'riiiin(; ttie mw irxm. blUtttr-Htui'l. | 
•\nox imd ■limT'-tciil, iiifpjt iiu^-Kti-vl, mid I'HHt'ittoul of ! 
i^Hii> kii>i]ii, fiir cn^dtiruriiiK uuil iutH'liunit»l luo. j 

rti.i.iite«l fiin^nt: i>r InrKT iiuiriim Dutun-pcHl. I 



atrli-iuakoT:! ; BilvnviiiitliH. juwellon, &n., cniiilimini.' 
V'^ry vnricty of Ai«\k, c<it, niul iliuieimiiiiw. from nuu tu 
■rty-wx \\Ak» ill l.iifrtli ; iiiclii'tiug tlio (-"iinive niHlvoii- 
i-xHlL-,irithciiiituiiioiLKtiHitli, niul » Hilvi-rruiiitho'riiMwr, 
ix iiiolii?B bnmil, F^uiiiiiwud t.) U- thi- (p\-aUvtt brvwltli uf 
urfiut' WIT cut with tint utiiitiiiiiiiii>i tixitli. 

H)iociiiii-iiH of IiK-<iiiii>tivi- cnKiiiu, iiml ruiln'iiy-carriBi,f, 
iirriiigit-tnii.-b, ImrAvlHix, vau niHl wiipimi, biiiriii),', 
iill'or, luid <lniw K|irin!;i<, KJtli X\w\v iiitjii'tivc ituiiiH or 
"ifj". [iiiiiruvtnl sjiriiii^ fur tnu'lbii or bulHii);, d]i|>tic 

Sj>™iKn fiir riKwl-i.'iHTiii'JW. niiil 



[,l..t. 



>1 liHMni'itivi-iiMtiiD-rrMlHiiiiiI Liiver. ^'ilt 

ninier, tuul, diiMl, la|>, die, nlu-ut, pvn-uiHclii- I It 

L- 1 y. »aA uther littcln. 
(•["liineiu of filen and rHii|i<i. f.T the ib«i "f ■■n^^iuct . . . 

ii.ai,-UilUBt«, uiiittu, and Han-mokciw; cabinet, cluck uiH ' ffiruli 



lianaif. -'ilv.T r.an 



ll .tl'llMl \.\«A 

iTory. BilviT, alli 

r-rk, flii.l Bj-ioii. A 



C1..AW 22.— QENERAL HABDWABE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20. & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 T 




DhUd'i n>b-amr ud Poik. 



110a Bhookes. Wm., ASot«,5A«jncU — Huiuf*cturen. 

Emigrajita', horticuUurel, and geatlemen'a tool cbeiU, 
complete, of TBrioiu aizas. 

Canadiaii and Bndl wedge aiea. Americui uid Aiu- 
tnlian felling, aiding, and squaring ax«. 

Hammeii, for vbHoub purposea, Aiea, hatoheta, and 
■tone-picki. Coopers' aharp and nail adie, howall, froe, 
■nd ^ver. Corpentera' and wheelers' adie. Su|;ar- 
choppera. Bright choppers. 

Cleavers, with iron handle ; American cleaver j mincing 
knivn; and cheeae knives. 

Farmers' chisels and gouges, in cast-ateel. Uillwrights' 
chisels and gouges. Turning chisels and gouges. Socket 
chisels and gouges. Mortice chisels. Flans -Irona; plough 
bits; and moulding-irons. 

Spanners, single and double-ended improved shifting 
acrew-kejs. Coach wrenchee. 

Improved cjiUnder and beat double railwa; wrenches. 

Screw stocks and dies, with t^>er and plug taps. 

Backet brace; screw plates; spring dividsn; and 

Tariona compasses, pincers, nippers, punches, and 
plyers. for difibrent purposss. 

Pinking irons; sheep-markers; patent saw sets; steak 
toms; flesh forks; candle anuflbrs; and nutcracks. 

Oardea tools of every description; pi-umng shears; 
graps gatherers; avwancatecs; pruning scissors; rine 
scissors; and flower gatherers. 

it of teble cutlery. 



1 12 Makih, Willum, Attenlifft Steel Warb, nmr 

Sheffield — Hanufiicturer. 

Paper-mill nig-engine, with roller-bars and bottom 
plates, made of the best cast-steel ; it ts intended to be 
used for grinding ropes, rags, and other material* into 
the pulp, employed in the manufacture of paper. 

[Hags, rope, &c., or the materials of which p^ier is 
mode, must be reduced to a state of pnip ; to accomplish 
this there has been many modes devised, but that in 
which the roller-bats and bottom plates at« used, is said 
to be the beat. The intention of the roller-bar, in tlie 
first place, is to assist in waabing the n^, and aeoondly, 
when brought to a nearer connexion with the bottom- 
plates, which is placed at the bottom of the cistern, to 
break the fibres, which are then passed away in a filmy 
state. The water being dissipated, the minute fibrea are 
de|>oeit«d on s surface or cylinder, and after undergoing 
the drying process, &c., eventually beoome pqisr.— 
W. C. A.] 

Plates of caat-steel, polished on both ndes. 

KnivsH for rope and rag-cutting machines; horiatojU 
cutters; doctor bladee for paper machine rolls; circular 
cutters and alittets; croSKutting, bench, and reel knivst; 
rope and rag axes, and choppers of varioua patterns. 

Tobacco knives; snufT-knivee; Alillei's refined cast-etoel 
chisels and picks ; paper makers' tag-sorting knives, &c. 

Samples of blister, bar, shear, and cast-steel, used in 
the various branches of the manufactures of Sheffield. 

Samples of cast-steel, used in the msnufactut« of wire 
for needles, hackle-pins, Ac., also by engineers, machine- 
makers, and ironfounders. 



1 3 Spkar & JacUON, ShegUtd—TAanMlvAanm. 

Cast-ateolcbcularaaw, 5 feet diameter, machine ground 
and polished. These saws are toothed with a dividing 
engine which rendera them regular on the edge, and ara 
ground and polished by a new machine. 

Specimen of a spring B(«el handsaw, 30 inches long, 

itb [lolisbed blade, and French polished ebony handle, 
Oerniaii silver electro- plated shield and screws. 

Handsaws, and bright, blue, and brass backskwa, with 
polished bladee, French-polished handlea of various kinds 
ood, and Qerman sUver, bran, or polished iron 



ber kinds suitable for the home vid foreign markets. 

Ledger blades and spiral cutters for shearing cloUi; 

leep slitting knives, hay and straw knives ; tanners and 

imera' knives; and paper knives. Files and rasps. 

Specimen of an American wedge aie, with solid steel 
edge, and French polished roeewood handle. 

Edge tools, including ores, adEsa, augers, mill chisels, 
carpenters' chisels and gouges, and tools used by builders, 
joiners, carpeDtera, shipwrights, coopers, ic. 

Polished cast-steel plate for engravers. 

Specimens of cast steel in bars. 



14 Fen!(et, Feed., Sheffield — Hanufacturer. 

Razors of different qualities, including specimens of the 

at work in carving, grinding, and embosaing ; new in 
pattern and design. 

Hother-of-pearl ahow-razor, the blade embossed with 
scroll ornaments and Sbelfield arms ; carved and sst in 
silver: the work on the blade wss cut by the grindstons. 

Specimen, showing the different stages of the manu- 
facture of the blade, all contained in one aolid piece of 
""'-steel, with carved mother-of-pearl handle. 



115 COCIEB, SiMCKL, & Son, TAe i>or(<ir S(«J fforjb, 
Shegield — Manufacturers . 
Steel suitable for all purpoeee, fcma one-sixteenth of an 
inch and larger. Cast-ateel files, of warranted quality, 
horn 1 inch to 40 inches long, for mechanical purposes, 
watch and clock makers, dentists, Ac. A large octagonal 
file, displaying on its surfoce sixteen differant inOa m 
general use ; also a bar of steel, showing the various 



KlVODOM.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



607 




if raani 



of file mancrfacture from the ingot of steel to the 
faiilMd file. Circular machine files for sharpening saws. 
circular file or catter, for filing plane surfaces, 
aHadhed to mafihine-power, suitable for filing brass, 
iroDy irorj, Ac Cast-steel wire of every descrip- 
from the hairHBpring to l-^inch diameter, being the 
^ BBB emr drswn. Needles, in their various stages 
mfiicturey from the bar iron, as imported from 
to the finished needle. Sundry specimens of 
and giUa, wool-combers' broaches, edge tools, 
mill-picka, and clusels. Wire-drawing plates, of a 
Sar quality of steel, made only by the exhibitors ; 
■id a varitty €a other articles. 

116 HaBOBBATn, William, & Co., Skeguld— 

ICanufacturers. 

OofT o m m del-wwwi case, lined with crimson silk velvet, 
UMtalBJiilj^ 12 table-kniTea, 12 dessert knives, and 1 pair 
ef ca r rsCT all with carved ivory handles, of three various 
itnrigns^ ailver fermlesk and highly-polished steel blades. 

Tible-kniveiy with ivory hancUss and silver ferrules, 
intended for general use. 

Table-knireiy with £uicy wood handles, made for the 
Korth American market. 

Boimd-of-beef canrem, with stag-horn handles, silver 
ferrulesy and highly-polished steel blades. 

Game earrers, with carved ivory handles, silver ferrules, 

id sinnlar blaiies. 

Bread knife, with carved ivory-handles, silver ferrule, 

id Ing^bly-polished steel blade. 



117 



Tbokas, & Co., Sfiffolk Works, Sheffield— 
Manufacturers. 
Pair of Albert venison carvers^ 6 feet long, with stag 
antlers. 

Rowid-of-beef alioers, 30 inches long, and trowelled 



of carved ivory table cutlery, also of ivory and 
peari silver desserts. 
Table cutlery and plated on steel desserts. 
A variety of carvers, steels, vegetable-forks, cheese 
aooopSy batchers' knives, palette kuives, glaziers' knive.<<, 
coo\u knives, &c. 

The Prince of Wales's sailor's knife, G feot long. G<ar- 
deners' cutlery and sportsmen's knives. 

Tbe Cambrian razor, with a view of the '* Suffolk 
Works," Sheffield, engraved on the ivory haft; and pat- 
terns of razors. 

Sportsmen's knives in pearl, &c. Various patterns of 
pocket and penknives. 

Stone-saw, used for cutting Batli and other freestone. 
Circular, bond, and Imck-mws, 8cc. 
C^rd of files, such as aro in general use. 



lis Aloob, J., 10:> A'Afon Street, Sheffield— 

Manufactnrer. 

Knives for shoeniakerH. clickei-s, and curriers ; ^hoe- 
toakcrV anil American po^'-kuivert ; fiurriers* luid Ciunwin 
•aililtrn«* knive.H ; Ciemian yboc-knife. 

J>inen§' and ca>>inet- makers' bla/les. 

SliiM?makerH* and curriers' ntee!.'*. 

Sa«lfllera' half-moon knife ; Hus.sian fthoemakers' knives. 

Knives for coopers, painten*, and jjlaziei*?. 

Pliimbeni' shave Look. ButoherH* knives. 

I^tsad knife ; Newfoundland fishknives. 

iloKkirt makers' knives ami bodkins. 

Cookd' knives' ; palette kuives. Butchers' steel. 



110 Pabkin & Marshall, Tdcjmph WorJa, Shrffiehl— 

Manufacturers. 

Tjible and dessert knives, with carvers, fluted pearl 
handles, silver ferrules, and polished blades. 

Fish -carvers: with the blade in open work omamented 
with appropriate emblems, and forks to corre.^i>ond. 

Case of fish -carvers: with shark design. 

Pair of melon-carvers, with blade of now design, and 
fluted pearl handles. 



Trays of plated-on-steel desserts, in carved pearl handles 
with silver fexrules, with the blades chased and orna- 
mented. 

Tray of plated desserts, with fluted ivory handles, and 
silver ferrules. 

An assortment of bread knives, with carved handles in 
ivory and wood. 

Large slicers. Trowel hand slicers. A varied assort- 
ment of table-knives, carvers, &c. 

120 Ellin, T. , & Co. , ^lA^'J^W— Manufacturers. 
Shoemakers' knives, with common and rosewood handles, 

in various sizes. 

Glaziers' knives, with cocoa handles. Painters* stop- 
ping-knife, with ebony handles. Oyster knives. Farriers* 
paring knife. 

Table knife, vdth ox-bone handle, and "common point," 
being the shape used fifty years ago. 

The origmal " Sheffield WTiittle.** Oyster knife, Bil- 
lingsgate pattern. Leather-cutter's knife, with wooden 
handle. Root knife, with cocoa handle. 

Carving-knife and fork, self-horn handles. Carving 
knives ; bread, spear and cut-point knives ; of various 
sizes, and handles of diflerent kinds. 

Table knives and forks, with mother-of-pearl, ivory, 
ebony, horn, cocoa, and bone handles. 

Steels, with black horn, stag, self, and ivory handles. 

Cork and pallet knives. Butchers' steels and knives. 

Office knives, with cocoa and ivory handles. 

Round-of-beef slicers, with buck, stag, and horn handles. 

Carving-knife, 24-inch blade; with strong horn handle. 

121 Oliver, Wm., /fA^-^^/tl— Manufacturer. 

Case of cutlery, consisting of forty pieces of miniature 
cutlery, from 3-8ths of an inch to 4 inches: the smallest 
pair will go through an ordinary tobacco-pipe. Silver 
pistol. 

Handle table-knives, as manufactured in 1800, green 
ivory, round point; handle table-knives, as manu&ctured 
in 1750. Veuison-can-ers, and steel, set in elephants* 
tusks of miniature size. Jones's jmtent game-carvera, and 
steel, set in fawn's feet, mounted in silver. 

122 Wilkinson, William, fc Son, Orinwsthorjte, 

Sheffield — Manufacturers. 
Sheep and horse shears. 
Shears for glovers, thatchers, and weavers. 

123 GiLBFJiT Brothers, 5'A<'^^W— Manufacturers. 
A variety of 8Uf>eri<»r razors. 

1 24 Steer & Webster, Cnstle /fill Worh, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Gold and silver sciHSors; surgeons' sci.ssors; and a 
variety of scifyjorH in general use. 

Tailom' shears ; csj^es holding scissors. 

Nippers (chanipa^OJe and nail). 

ITorticnltural tools, Huch as ganlcn and slide pnining- 
shears. 

125 WosTENiiOLM, G.. W'iyhiio/tun WerL", Shifcld— 

Manufacturer* 
A variety of cutler}'. 

12G WiiiTELi-T, Elizabeth, 12 Norf/irh Street, 
Sheffield Park — Manufacturer. 
Fine cast-steel scissors. 

127 Shearer, John, FAd»n Street, Sheffiuld— 

Manufiictui-er> 

Shears, polished and bronzed, viz., sheep, of new Aus- 
tralian, Leicester Tomlins. jukI midlan<l county i»attcrns; 
horse, Newmarket best; glove, for the trade; and wea- 
vers*, for the home and American nnrkets. 

Weaver's knife and nipjHjr, ami sin^de nii>por. 

[The latter are used by weavers for removing, joining, 
clipping, and picking out ends, &o., which arise by 



[2J.J 



[(-)kficia!. Iuajstrated Catalogue.] 



3 A 



608 



Class 22.--GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, t& 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & f. 3 TO 29. 



"Ukited 



breaking or joining of threads in the process of weaving. 
— W. C. A.] 

Pair of best polished gilt trowel -Bhank aheep-ftheare, in 
miniature; having within the shanks boxes which con- 
tain seven articles each, miniatures of trowel -shanks, 
three pairs, and other kinds of sheep-shears, one pair 
each of weavers' shears, burling-iron, knife-nipper, and 
single picker; there are also four articles contained in the 
backs, miniatures of different patterns of sheep-shears, 
two in each back ; yet the weight of the whole combined 
does not exceed 174 ounces. 



128 Marples, Robert, iS!^'i^/(/— Manufacturer. 

Centre-bit, 9-inch. Best plated square, 24-inch. Set 
of forty-two bright brace-bits. Best ebony and horn 
pricker-pads, with eight tools each. Best mitre-square, 
8-inch. 

Best London pattern tumscrews, ebony, and oval 
handle, 5 inches each. Gentleman's tumscrew. Im- 
proved sliding T bevil. Best plated square, 3-inch. Best 
ebony saw -pad; small boxwood saw-pad. 

Best handled saw-set. Best plated spirit-level, 8-inch. 
Best screw-slide mortice-gauge. Saw and frame. Plated 
and ebony, ebony circular, London pattern, boxwood, 
and best screwed and plated spokeshaves. 

Improved plated brace, boxwood. Registered self- 
acting brace, inlaid with pearl. Newly -invented lever- 
brace, beech-wood, plated. Best shell-gimlet. Patent 
screw and improved auger gimlets. 



1 29 Taylor, He!«it, 105 Fttztrillutm Street, Sheffield - 

Manuiacturer. 

Tools for engravers, carvers, and print-cutters. Bur- 
nishers and scrapers. 

Hand-drawn steel. Fancy turning and plasterers' 
moulding tools. Sail -makers' needles. Sculptors' chisels. 
Screw-tools. Sticking-knife. 



130 Holmes, C, 90 WcUingtm Street, Sheffield-^ 
Designer and Manufacturer. 
Specimens of table knives. 
New ri^istered bolster. 



131 Hardy, Robert E., Bwrmhall Street, Sheffield- 

Manufacturer. 

Carved bread and plated dessert knives. 
Nut-picks and instruments for ladies' work. 
Boxes and gentlemen's dressing cases. 



132 Martin, Stephen, 29 Norfolk Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of various kinds of razors, manufactured 
from Sheffield steel, in a variety of handles, viz., pearl, 
tortoiseshell, ivory, bono, horn, hoof, &c., plain and 
ornamented, from one to sets of seven^ on cards, and in 
various boxes. 



133 Newbould & Owen, Sliefficld — Manufacturers. 

Samples of best steel polished goods, including new 
and improved scissors for tailors, paper-bangers, bu'bers, 
horse-trimmers, pruners, &c. 



1 33a Newbould & Baildon, Sitrren Works, Sheffield — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of Roberts' patent table -cutlery. The blades 
are fastened by means of a dovetail, without cement, and 
cannot be injured by hot water. 

Specimens of r^stered ivory-handled table -knivee. 
The tangs are made square, and nicely fitted into the 
handles, without cement, and riveted through at the 
extremity. 

Specimens of table-knives with silver handles. 



134 Winks, Benjamin, 8c Sons, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 
Samples of razors and table-knives. 
Samples of two and four razors in cases. 



135 Hawcroft, William, & Sons, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Razors, with ivory, pearl, and tortoiseshell handles. 

Cases of razors. Articles, illustrative of the process of 
manufacture. 

Large show-razor, embellished with the fi^iiu'es of 
Peace and Plenty, and the Royal, Sheffield, and Cutlers' 
Arms. 



136 Jones, John. West Field Terrace, Sheffield— 
Inventor, Patentee, and Manufacturer. 

Improved dinner-knife and carvers, with a new form of 
blade, the whole length of which can be made use of. 

Rust-preventive composition, for the preservation of 
table-knives, fire-irons, fenders, machinery, and military 
stores. 

Specimens of steel goods which were exposed to the 
open air for six days and nights, the bright parts liaving 
been protected with the rust-preventive composition. 



137 Nicholson, Wilijam, 17 Sycamore Street, Sheffield 

• — Manufacturer. 

Knives with carved profiles of the Royal Family. Single 
and double-blade penknives. American daggers and spear 
knives. Whamcliffe, Norfolk, and Congress knives. 
American cotton-knives. Improved American hunting- 
knives, &c. 

1 38 Journeymen File-makers of Sheffield — 

Producers. 

Files and rasps of various sorts and sizes, suitable for 
mechanics, engineers, &c. 

Lftrge file, 54 inches long, cut after the form and 
manner in which files are generally done, to show the 
various forms of light and shade. Designed and executed 
by Hiram Younge, of Sheffield. 

[File-making is a manufacture which is still in a great 
measure confined to Sheffield. It is peculiar ihat hitherto 
no machine has been constructed capable of producing 
files which rival those cut by the human hand. Machine- 
made files have not the "bite" which hand-cut files have: 
this is accounted for by the peculiar facilities of the 
human wrist to accommodate itself to the particular angle 
suitable to produce the proper "cut." "Small files are 
made out of best cast-steel; those of a lai^ger size from 
ordinary steel ; flat files are forged on an ordinary study. 
Other forms on bolsters, with the indentature correspond- 
ing to the shape required being thereon impressed, a 
chisel wider than the blank to be cut is used as the only 
instrument to form the teeth : it is moved by the hand 
with the greatest nicety. After cutting, and previous to 
hardening, the file is immersed in some adhesive sub- 
stance, such as ale-grounds, in which salt has been dis- 
solved : this protects the teeth from the direct action of 
the fire; it is then immersed perpendicularly in water; 
cleansed by finishing." — W. C. A.] 

1 39 Mappin & Brothers, Sheffield and London — 

Manufacturers. 
Sportsman's knife, in peai'l, gold -mounted. Exhibited 
for workmanship. Sportsmen's himting, angling, and 
pistol knives. American hunting and dagger knives. 
Whamcliffe, Norfolk, Rutland, Richmond, Eglinton, and 
Vernon knives. Ladies' and gentlemen's pen and pocket 
knives of every variety. Machines for making pens, 
adapted to every style of writing. Gardeners' pruning, 
grafting, and budding knives. Paper-folding knives. 



<•] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



609 



trrers, in rilver, plated, and electro-gilt, designed 
Italian and Grecian styles of ornament. 
pearl, and ivory handled dessert-knives and 
th silver and plated blades, chased, 
cutleiy, with handles of silver, ivory, plated, 
olver, self-tip, black tip, bone, stag, porcelain, 
L Carving and slicing luiives and forks. 
sharpening instruments, cheese-scoops, palette- 
ooks* and batter knives, 
l-wood bread platters, with suitable designs and 

knives, with carved and fluted ivory and wood 

kflBB of theregistered lanoet-edge razor : exhibited 
and durable edge. Specimens of the army and 

tgliah, concave, guard, and Indian steel razors, 
1-day raaon in cases. 

[lail, and cutting-out scissors, paper-lamp, pnm- 
horse scissors; also, scissors for drapers, tulors, 
lies' &ncy-work scissors. 



OOLE, BoBSON, & HooLE, Green Lane Works, 
Sheffield — Manufacturers, 
register-stoves, with burnished steel and or- 
>aldingB; the same, fitted with a porcelain and 
sarth -plate, forming a fender. 
on register-stove and mantelpiece, with or-molu 
^; the iron left in its natural state, and secured 
t. 

, register-stove, with or-molu, hollow, and bronzed 
ts. 

ihed steel register-stove, with figures and or-molu 
g;B. Register-stove in cast-iron; the same stoves 
^ to St^hens* patent. 

ihed steel register stove, with or-molu spandrils 
Idings. 

, register-stove and chimney-piece, with or-molu 
gs and cast-iron spandrils, as taken from the 
t seciu^ed from rust. 

, regi«ter-stove, with stamped burnished steel 
t». Register stoves with porcelain cheeks. 
x>n r^ii^ter-stove, invented and registered by 
ilay, Buchanan Street, Ghisgow, for curing Bmoky 
ft, and economising the consumption of fuel, 
register-stove in cast-iron. Ornamental hot-air 
stove. 

ihed steel fenders, with metal and or-molu 
iSB. Bronzed fender, with steel mountings. Dead 
ig steel fenders, with stamped burnished steel 
ts. Bronzed, black, and cast-iron fenders. 
aens of ornamental castings. 



Clayton, George, 5 Lore Street, Sheffield — 

Manufacturer. 
aens of table cutlery in black tip, self -tip, white 
erman silver, ivory, and plated on steel in ivory 
1 handles. 
e bread-knife. 



AGSHAW, William, 37 Spring Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer, 
ment of fine penknives. 



Babge, Henry, Low Street, Sheffield — 

Manufacturer, 
tion of pocket-knives, of various styles, with oma- 
landles in ivory, pearl, stag, &c. 
can hunting-knives, &c. 



Bbigcs, S., 186 Solly street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
akers' awls and tacks, for basket, mattress, and 
>rB ; sacking and saddlers' needles, &c. 
inders' or printers' bodkins. 
!* improved brad-awls and punches ; cabinet- 
improved awls. 



Centre and other punches. Shoemakers' pegging awls, 
feathered ; birdcage-makers' and various other awls. 

Packing-needles, polished. 

Gentlemen's portable hand-pad, complete with bits. 

Shoemakers' awl-blades, blued; improved, or French 
pattern ; French, or 4-square ; Liverpool, or flat points ; 
portable, and in self -tip handle, complete with awls. 

Curriers' steels, handled. 

Nut-picker, ivory-handled, round rim, and self -tip, 
plain. 

American socket-vice, improved for pegged boots and 
shoes. 

146 Hardy, T., 9 Afoore Street, Sheffield-^ 

Manufacturer. 
Stilettoes, crochet-needles, button hooks, nail files, 
corkscrews, tweezers, boot hooks, &c., in pearl, ivory, 
tortoiseshell, stag, polished steel luuidles, for fitting up 
ladies' work-boxes, companions, gentlemen's dressing 
cases, &c. 

147 Sellers, John, 5:^j^<?W— Manufacturer. 

Razors, and cases of razors. Fine penknives, Wham- 
clifle and Congress knives. 

Pocket and sportsmen's knives, including " The Hare- 
wood knife," "Norfolk knife," ''Rutlandknife,"" Walton 
fishmg-knife," " Wilkinson knife," &c. 

Sui^geons' cutting instruments. Tools for the use of 
engravers on steel and copper. Pen-making machines. 

Steel plate for the use of engravers, machine-ruled, by 
C. Mottram, Esq., of London. The sky tint upon this 
plate is perhaps the most severe test to which a steel plate 
can be subjected; the surface is free from spots or seams; 
and it is exhibited to show that steel is well adapted to 
the wants of the etcher and engraver. 

Proof impression from the plate on India paper. 

[An entire change in engraving has taken place by the 
substitution of steel for copper plates. An engraving 
made upon copper is speedily rendered useless by the 
process of inking, and the fiiction necessary to remove 
the superfluous ink. The rubbing with whitening to 
clean the face of the plate, wears away the surface, and 
renders it valueless after a few thousand impressions. 
This is not the case with a steel plate; an instance is on 
record where 500,000 copies were printed from one plate. 

The Queen's head on the postage stamp h.oa been only 
once engraved. It had, in 1842, been multiplied 6,000 
times, that is to say, the original produced 6,000 plates, 
which printed all the postage stamps of the above kind 
which had been used since the introduction of Rowland 
Hill's measure up to the period stated. 

The multiplication of a steel plate is a featiu« of some 
importance: a plate is engraved and hardened; from this 
an impression is taken upon a softened steel roller; this 
steel roller is then hardened, and softened steel plates 
being passed under it, an impression is imparted to them; 
they are in turn hardened, and are equal to the original 
as to their impressions. This method is adopted in bank- 
note engraving; and the postage-stamp plates are pro- 
duced by the same means. — W. C. A.] 



140 NowiLL, John, & Sons, ^A^J^eW— Manufacturers. 

Assortment of knives for the Levant trade. 

Assortment of cutlery, comprising ladies' and gentle- 
men's pen and pocket knives. 

A similar assortment mounted in gold and silver. 

Paper folding-knives. Sporting -knives. 

Indian hunting-knives. Silver fruit-knives. 

Case of carved pearl plated dessert knives and forks. 

Nail knives and nail files. Fittings for gentlemen's 
dressing-cases, ladies' companions, &c. 

German smoking knives. Pen-machine knives. Pencil- 
knives. 

S A 2 



610 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 26 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



[United 



Gbuden' ivory diamond-holders, registered by W. 
Harris, January, 1845. 

Solid ivory handle, containing pencil and penholder, 
with silver cigar-holder, toothpick, and nail-cleaner, 
erasing-blade and nail-file, and four pen-blades, put toge- 
ther without a rivet being visible. 

Solid ivoiy handle pen-knife, with slide pencil and pen- 
holder. 

Coromandel-wood cases of ladies' and gentlemen's toilet 

cutlery. 

Case containing silver dessert knife, fork, and spoon. 

Cases containing two, three, four, and seven rasors 
each. 

Assortment of tazors in ivory, pearl, and tortoiseshell 
handles. 

Pftir of rasors in pearl handles, framed with silver, and 
the cutlers' arms carved in relief on the handles. 



150 Abmitaob, M. & H., Moutehole Forge, near Sheffield 

— Manufacturers . 

Engineers', coachsmiths*, and boilermakers' anvils. 
Double piked smiths' anvil. Double arched jobbing 
anvil. Sawsmiths* anvil. Pattern anvils. 

Set of grinders' screws and plates. Smiths' vice. Pattern 
smiths' vice. Sawsmiths' vice. 

Large water tue-iron. Pattern water tue-iron. 

Sle^e hammer. Smiths' hand hammer. Cross and 
straight pealed hand hammers. 

Engineers' and millwrights' hammers, different kinds. 

Joiners' claw luunmer. Masons' tools of different 
kinds. 

1 61 Elliot, J., Twmhead Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 

Pattern razors, manufactured of the best steel, exhibited 
for temper, design, and workmanship. 

Frame-back rasor, ground exceedingly thin, and cannot 
require to be again ground, thus retaining a fine and 
dmiible edge, and increasing greatly the esse of shaving. 
The gold, silver, steel, German-silver, or brass backs, 
form an elegant contrast to the blade, and enhance the 
beauty of appearance as well as afford more opportunity 
for originality of design and skill .in execution. 

Pean-tang rasEor, constructed to prevent rust. 

Rasors with hollow-ground %laaes are especially de- 
signed for barbers' use. These do not require to be again 
ground, on account of their extreme thinness. 

[Two workmen are always engaged in razor-making. 
The rod of steel of which they are made is about half an 
inch in breadth, and of sufficient thickness to form the 
back. The stake upon which they are forgod is rounded 
on both sides of the top, which is instrumental in thin- 
ning the edge, and much facilitates the operation of 
grinding. The blades are then hardened and tempered 
in the ordinary way, with the exception, that they are 
placed OB their back on an iron plate, and the momrat 
they assume a straw colour of a deep shade they are re- 
moved. 

The grinding follows, on a stone revolving in water; 
then glazing on a wooden disc. The fine polish is given 
by a wooden wheel, having its circimiference covered 
with buff leather, which is covered with crocus. The 
ornamentation of the blade, by etching with aeid, and 
gilding, if such is required, is the last process. — W. C. A] 

Scales with registering diaL 

164 WsawtEBL, Oeorqb, Howard Street, Sheffield — 

Manufacturer. 
Razors exhibited for quality and workmanship. 
Registered double-edged razor. 

165 Leiioeb, C, 83 Carver Street, Sheffield— JnremiiOT 

and Manufacturer. 
Yarious razors, including glazed and polished tanged; 
cariosity razor, shuts backws^s, and when shut the ^iade 
is entirely encased; black and ivory-handled portables; 



black-handled full sized concave and "long cut;" ivory- 
handled concave "flat tang" and "long cut;" ivory- 
handled tastefully ground fancy concave and " long cut." 
Table-knives "bolster" balanced: black tip ivory and 
silver plated handled "half Waterloo," with moulded 
fluted new pattern "bolster^' balanced; ivory-handled 
"flat top hollow" table-knives; "oval bolster" and 
" Waterloo bolster" balanced; self-tip and ivory -handled, 
with " half Waterloo" double thread hollow " moulded" 
new pattern "bolster;" black tip-handled, with eight 
square four threaded new pattern "bolster" balanced; 
self-tip and ivory-handled, with half Waterloo flat top 
fluted new pattern bolster; silver-plated dessert knives, 
with registmvd emblematical design handle, and diased 
blades; pearl-handled plated dessert knife, with em- 
blematical ferrule. 

[By " balanced" is meant the handle counter-balanc- 
ing the blade, thereby lifting it up from the table. — 
W. C. A.] 

156 Ellis, I., 188 West Street, Glossop Road, Sheffield 

— Manufacturer. 
Card of razors, manufactured from the best steel. 
Table knives; butchers', pallet, putty, and stopping 
knives. . 

157 Deakin, G., 83 Arundel Street, Sheffield— JnveuioT 

and Manufacturer. 

Scissors of various patterns, with bent blades and 
handles, intended for clipping horses, with gutta percha 
covering the bows, whereby they are not liable to gall ; 
scissors with bows covered with leather; and without 
covering. 

Horse-clipping and trimming scissors, having the bows 
covered with an elastic composition, to save the hand. 
Scissors with the bows and handles covered with the 
elsstic composition. 

Elastic metallic combs, of different patterns and kinds, 
used in clipping and trimming horses. 

Lamps for singeing horses, after clipping. 

Tailors' shears, possessing power m cutting, ease for 
the hand, and durability. Forged or wrought solid. 

1 58 Slaoo, Herbert West, Ft/rd, near Chesterfield, 

Derbyshire — Designer and Manufacturer. 

Reaping hooks, sickles, and scythes for cutting com, 
grass, &c.: — 

1 . For the neighbourhood of London, Surrey, Hamp- 
shire, Dorchester, Berks, asd Bucks. 2. Wales and 
Salop. 3. Staffordshire and Cheshire. 4. Isle of Wight. 
5. North of England. 6. Sussex, Surrey, and the United 
States. 7. Berks, Bucks, Kent, Surrey, Hants, and 
Canada. 8. Lincolnshire, Norfolk, and CiEunbridgeshire. 
9. Indies and America, for cutting indigo. 10. Cornwall, 
Guernsey, and Jersey. IL Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and 
Cambridgeshire. 12. Scotland. 13. Cutting garden- 
hedges. 14. Sussex and Surrey^ 15. Yorkshire and 
North of £Ingland. 16. Indies. 17. Cutting beans. 
18. Thatcher's knife. 19. Spain. 20. Yorkshire and 
North of England. 21. Leicestershire, Northampton- 
shire, Worcestershire, Notts, Berks, and Bucks. 22. Staf- 
fordshire, Worcestershire, Wsrwickshire, and Canada. 
23. Ireland, South. 24. Ireland, North. 25. Hertford- 
shire, Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, and Beds. 26. Beds 
and Hertfordshire. 27. Australia. 28. Kent. 29. Po- 
land. 30. Russia. 31. Holland and the Cape of Good 
Hope. 32. United States. 33. Sussex. 34. Ireland. 
35. Cutting and cleaning hedges. 36. Patent scythe. 
37. Crown, or hammered. 

The novelty is in the formation, easy and improved 
handles, suitable grinding, and the general completion. 
The reaping and bagging hooks are made of cast-steel. 

159 Unwin & Rogers, Rockingham Works, 124 

Rockingham St,, Sheffield — ManufSncturers. 

Bowie knives, American and Indian hunting knives. 

Lock, sneck, dagger, or dirk knives, suitable for the 
Continent and South Ajnerica. Pistol knives, in a variety 
of handles, wiUi single and double barrels. 



EcroDox.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



611 



1^■>L^1 kiuTafl^ of registered pottemB, and varioua other 
kiidbk with peaii, tortoiBe^ell, and other handles. Cigar 
kvrai^ of registered and other patterns. Sportsman's 
fcufea in great Tarietv. Desk knives, with folders and 
blades. Comb kniveSy with pencili six-inch rule. 



bifisy fork, and spoon knives, in cases and rolls. 
kiUTea^ with vine, pruners, saws, budding blades, 



of all kinds. Scissor knives of 
Flj-open knives, with and without guards. 
SakxiT kuvea, with copper swivels. Pen and pocket 



of fine niiality in mother-of-pearl, tortoise-shell, 

ivoffT, and other handles. Lancets and farriers' knives. 

Fleams for bleeding cattle; various blades in brass and 
etittr haadlea. 

Nail files, button hooks, and various &ncy articles, 
for ladis^ eompanions and gentlemen's dressing-cases. 

160 ICabuott & Atkinson, FitzcUan Works, 

SheffUld — Manufacturers. 



1 to So. Various files and 
of different sizes, 
for a variety of pur- 



lan, 
snl f 



^ and 67. Steel moulds 
ibr files. 
6S Foiged blank for file. 

69 Forged blank for file, 
Ugbted. 

70 Groomed blank for 
file. 

71 Cat file. 

72 Fbiished file. 



7^ Bar iron. 

74 Bar or blister steel. 

75 Cast -steel ingot. 

7^ Rolled bar steel, for 
coach springs. 

77 Double shear steel. 

78 Ova) cast steel, for 
chisels. 



79 Round cast steel for 
spindles. 

80 Square cast steel for 
tools. 

Model springs, viz. : — 

81 Locomotive engine. 

82 Dray. 

83 Railway waggon. 

84 Railway first-class car- 
riage. 

85 Elliptic, for carriage. 

86 Oig or light cart. 

87 Model file, 20 inches 
long, divided into compart- 
ments of the various descrip- 
tions of teeth required for 
files and rasps. Supported 
by two pedestals on a plateau 
of burnished cast steel, con- 
taining a view of Fitzalan 
Works. 



1»>*U Feaancombe, H., iro/rerArt;np<on— Manufacturer. 

portable wash-stands, grained mahogany, painted, 
Teined imitation Sienna marble. Cool vases, flat top, 
y^mted hawking-party, nautilus shell, &c. Oval di/»h- 
oi^rera. Tea-trays, painted, and Elizabethan. Co])per 
bn^nxe kettles, stands, and lamp. Spittoons. Ewers 
&Dd ba«ns. Revolving and perpetual almanacks. Date 
ixkdicator. Hot- water jug. Tea caddies. Coffee-pot, 
U>iler, and filter. Tureen. Hot- water dish and cover. 
Dressing-case. Some of these articles are registered. 



lt)2 Mabsh Beothers & Co., Sheffield — Manufacturers. 

Specimens of steel used fpr tools, cutlery, &c. Table 
ukd uoall cutlery. Butchers' knives; razors; edge tools; 
tilt*; scythes; hay -knife; straw -knife. Spiing for rail- 
TAj trucks, waggons, &c. 

163 Brooisbank, a., Malifidit Works, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Rles and rasps of diffi^rent sizes, adapted for the use of 
cDgioeers, joiners, &c. ; manufactured from the best cast- 
'^teel. 



104 



WoRBALL, Hallam, & Co., Sheffield — 
Blanufacturers. 

Hackles, circular gills, and other gills for flax-dressing. 

S(4mple8 of cast-steel wire in coils and lengths. 

S{iiral springs for balances and machinery. 

BrasN Kpurs for self-acting temfilets. 

Specimens of needles in different stages of manufactures. 

Samples of hackle and gill pins. 

Set of brush -makers' engine-combs. 

Cast-steel broaches for wool-combing. 



165 Ck)U8iN8, J., & Sons, Garden Street, Sheffield — 

Manufacturers. 

Paper scissors and bankers' scissors ; tailors' adssors ; 
horse-trimming scissors. 

Ladies' cutting-out and fancy scissors. 
Grape-scissors and flower-gatherers to hold. 
Gentlemen's budding-scissors and flower-gatherers. 
Gentlemen's nail-scissors ; left-handed scissors. 
Gardeners' budding-scissors to hold. 



166 



HuTTON, Joseph, Ridgevoay, Sheffield — 
Manufacturer. 



Two bars of iron and one of cast-steel. Two and a half 
bars of iron, and half bars of cast-steel, welded together 
imder a tilt (water or steam powder hammer), and to be 
used for the manufacture of scythes and edge-tools ; 
also for the more effectiud prevention of housebreaking, 
the steel, when tempered in water, presenting a powerful 
resistance, while its elasticity renders it apphcable to the 
lining of curved window-shutters, doors, &c. 

Berkshire hooks, for reaping, to be used in the manner 
of a Hainault scythe. 

Riveted scythe, composed of strips of cast-steel between 
two layers of iron. Riveted Berkshire hooks, formed in 
same manner, both water hardened. 

Pair of cart axles, with revolving spherical bushes, 
upon a principle which is applicable to railway carriages, 
heavy machinery purposes, &c. Spheres for revolving 
spherical axles and bushes ; reduces friction, &c. 

Sheep-shears, with cast-steel edges, which will not chafe 
each other. 

Sickle, adze, joiner's bench axe, Sussex woodman's 
bill, firmer-chisels, socket-chisels, and double plane-irons; 
all with cast-steel edges. 



167 Flather, David, Solly Works, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 

Joiners' tools, consisting of braces, bits, squares, bevels, 
gouges, spirit-levels, spokeshaves, tumscrews, augers, 
gimblets, saw-pad, saw-sot, brad-awl, pad, and skates. 



168 Machon, John, .S'/if^<7c/-— Manufacturer. 
A variety of scissors and slide pruning shears. 



1 60 Marsden, Brothers, & Silverwood (late Fenton 
& Marsdens), BriiUje Street Woi'ks, Sheffield — 
Manufacturers. 

The "Royal Albert" skate. 

Selection of skates, assorted in various patterns. 

Tools for joiners, carpenters, and cabinet-makers. 

Braces, with registered brace-head, constinicted so as 
to prevent its working off. 

'The registered mortice-gauge, having the tube or barrel 
moved at either end by means of a tuni^rew, which seta 
the head and the cutteni lirni in position. 

Screw and shell augern, of various patterns and sizes. 

A general selection of botanical and horticultural tools, 
suited for professional and amateur gardening. 



170 



Jowett, J., Anmdel Lane, Sheffield — 
Manufacturer. 



Edge tools and sheep shears. 
Horse, nig, and weavers' shears. 



171 Brookes, John, Dorset Street, Spring Lane, 

Sheffield — Manufacturer. 

Articles suitable for ladies' work-boxes and gentlemen's 
dressing-cases, made in steel, ivory, and pearl; button 
hooks, nail flies, tweezers, corkscrews, stilettos, &c. 



l72 Hall, T. H., Leecroft, Sheffield— WmnfticiMTer. 
A variety of tops, saws, screws, &c. 



Cubs 22.— GENERAL HABDWABE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, ft 25 TO 27 i 0. 9, & P. 3. to 29. 



174 TmtiEa,E^Bsu:ti.Vfnji*n,Brtt/tBI.,Si>egul<l— 

HHUufrtctureiB. 
R^imtered Gre-iroM, vU. : — 

OetBgon houla, iwd wjUAre ume bows and atiAiikx. 
Improved l«uf bow ituuioiid out «lumk«, riuh or-molu 
beads, and new vaw-pun. 

Tuisteid diouioud cut Bhimkii, bowB, uid hoods. 
Ootagoa bends iind buWB, with helngon abiuilu nod 

Or-otolu litiuda, and pltuD ithaiika. 

Oct4igaa fluted shanks, and uriginal beads, bowB. and 

ahaiika, to luperaedu the old joint mada iuaide of tba 

8hort lenf bowB, with octagon bead«, huwa, and ahaokij, 
with new joint and Diudeni livadH. 

Or-Tni>1ii tutd steel hand. Uodem oetogoa ehank^. 
Than twisted shanks, odagon steel heads. 

Plam uctngun heeds, b^n, snd sbaoka- Plain bod- 



175 'WiixmBOB, THOMis tc Qeorok, 17 AVk Charci 
Street, Shcffietii — Uanufncturen. 

Duplicate specimoti of scissorB, manufactured for the 
Queen, with the ornamental acroll-wark. royal anus, 
Vieturia, Shi., filed out of solid stdal. Six doieo fil«! 
were required to cut out the work. 

Heraldic dreuaiug-cnsc adsaons, with the arms of H.R.H. 
Prince Albert, of the Duke of Norfolk, and of the Duke 
of Devonshire. 

Ladies' scissors, with acniU-work handles, and electro- 
gilt medaUion of the Queen. Ladies' steel scroll-work 
acisBora, forming the letter V, filed out of solid steel. 
Ladies' soisBot*, lily-of-tlie- valley pattern, with steel 
blades, and electro-gold and silver handlea. Lailiea' scis- 
sora, vine pnttem, with steel blades, and eloctro-gold 
banillcs. — ProviaioDally rcDiatercd. 

Nnil-iKiasoni, with meilAllion of H.II.H. Princo Albert. 



Dogger and paper 
I teel blades, etched sc 



. . ....jdscn>ll-work,aiid electro-gold handle 

Large cutting-out scisnrs, deaign — roes, shamruck, and 
thistle, filed frou solid steel. 

Scissors, 2:i inches long, forged from ingot of steel, with 
etching on blades of the Exhibition Building and scrotl- 

pHttems of sdssor«, with handles, Oothio, Oerman, 
knd other styles, also flowers, snakes, birds, dolphins, 
tied steel scroll-work, &c. I^ltcma of scissors, of dif- 
ferent sixes. Indies' fine work, cutting-out, lace, nail, 
button-hole, and dreseing-case sciaaors. Miniature scis- 
sors, six pairs, weight J grain, and in siiea from ^th to 
2 inches long. Improved double -spring nail scisaurs. 
Uoir-cuttiug, nail, and drqicrs' scissors, and fly trim- 

Bankeis', paper, and paper-hsngers' scissors. Tendon- 
•ewators, and suiSBOns aeusors. Improved di-essmokers', 
CalendenirB' or packers' and fustian scissors. Bcisaom and 
steel combs, for trimming horses. Qood steel forged 
sdasora. Tailors' scissors and shears, of difl'orent sites and 
patterns. 

Improved tailors' shears, with clectro-|^t, silver. Ger- 
man silver, anil brass handles. The combination of brass, 
&c,, with steel in the uumufacture of tailors' shears is tlie 
invention of the cihlbitora ; it allows the handles to be 
moidded exactly to lit the hand, gives great strength in 
cutting, and is made at less cost. 

Regulating spring-screw, invented by the oihibitora; it 
resists the preaaure caused by cutting strong substonees, 
and prevent shears or sciasora from working loose. Lever- 
spring scissors, intended to give uniform pressure upon the 
edges, and pi'evcnt friction. Scissors, showing various 
Btages of iiionufautiin:. Pnimng shears and sCLnHira, vine- 
scissors, flower and grape gatberera, aheara fur cutting 
gold, silver, copper, tin, Sui. 



gouges. Bright brace screw-bita. Double CS plsnri 
iron. CS gentleman's drawing-knife. Squnros. Bert 
squaro, 3v inches. Two ssch shell and screw. Im- 
proved sliding bevil, G inches. Sjiirit levels. Ebimj 
oud liiDgswood siwkeshaves. Ebony plated spokeHhaie, 
I'lough hit. 



(, Sheffield-^ 



177 Wbioht. Jobs, J\V.r fi<--mjf St 
Uonu&cturer and Inve 
Ladiea' and gentlemen's skates, with improved swaged 



Two-lumdled hoise-acrq)er, which may be oaed inetsai) 
of a curry-comb. 

Cast-steel shoe-lift. Specimens of horse trimmings, 
cast-steel. Ladies' steel husks, made by rt^stered appi- 

CVochet-Nj'ikes, made to he fitted an any shoe, and 
removed tu suit the tread of the vraarer. 
Combs made of cast-steel, for gndnlng oak, &o. 



1 79 HoBBtsoN & PARKot, /iTuciln^AuiniAu^ Street, 
Bhrffeld— Manufacturers. 

Carpenters' brnoos, with and without complet« <ii;l 
of bits. 

tklimre, spirit level, bevel, spokesbaves (assorted kindi), 
gauges, saw-pads, giuiblets, augers, and ti 



HoWAHTH, Jas., She0ie!it — Manufacturer. 



im 

Tools for cugravurs and print-cutters, comprisiug 
gmvum, burnishes, and 8cni|Hir«. 

Hsriuers' com|inBs, needles, and gunsniithi^ stacking 
tools. Turning and carving tools. Edge tools— Ij^t, 
comprising chisels and gouges. Edge tools— heavy, com- 
prising adieu, axes, and garden tools. 

Toot chests fur hutauists and tourists, containing take, 
boe, two-prong garden fork, three-prong fork, gaidsn- 
trowel, pruning-thisel, weed-book, Dutch hoe, spud- 
homuier and hatchet, pruniug-eaw, chisel, pick end sfuke, 
with long and short handles. 



182 Brown, Hesbt, & Sons, Wetlem IVw*», SArpdd— 
Mnnufocturers, 

Braces and bits. Improved plated liraco, witli lignum 
vitto head. Irou brace, with brass head. Small funcy brace, 
with ivory head. 

Patent anti-friotion hroco, with ebony stock, ivory head, 
with bits complete. The impruvoments are, that tbs 
epindle works uiioii a hard steel Mutre, instead of n collar, 
which reduces the friction, and the head is secured to the 
nock by a nut screwed into the socket-piece, to prevent 
the brad ooming off, and produce the stead; working of 
ttae brace. 

Squares; — Plated and ebony, with spirit-level. 



TumacruwB: — mndled, bright, London, round blade, 
and Moon's pattern. 
8pokoehaveH:^Boiwood, bocoh, pearl, plated, ebony. 
Pearl plated Bcrcw-irons. 



INCLUDraa LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29, 



Snr-pMda: — Ebony ud boxwood, improTed. Saw-net, 
with handle, 
fipint-larela: — Ebony, plated, and Scotch pattenu. 
Saw-frame : — Boxwood, inlaid with ebony. 
Pricbr-pada : — Ebony and ivory, with tools, gimlete. 



& Co., Enema Woria, Stiegielil— 
Hanuiacturen. 
of (argical in 



185 PhiMeou., SAjniEt, Sfle^eW— luTeotor. 

Improved warmiiig and ventilating apparatus, which 
can b« forcsd by meaiiB of a wheel-fan, wUpted, by means 
of a wliil« eoomol upon the exterior auHace of the hot-air 
piping, casing, &c., to retain and conduct heat. 

Improved ruuuer, wheel, ajidcBpforapockeb-umbralla; 
improved rib ajid Btretcher for the samo. A pocket* 
umbrella to attach to a walking-stick, or any other handle. 

Improved BurEa^a -file handles. Concave and convex but- 
&ce-fileai exteriorandintorior angle filee. Houlding-file, 
18G DbiIKE, Drav, & Deine, Loadua Bridge — 
Inventors and Propii^ra. 

Hre-lmnp stoves (Leslie's patent, and the exhibitor's 
registration). These stoves are repreoented in the fol- 
lowing engravings : — 




Xoa. 1 and 2 are front views of this improved 
■tove. Tfas bottom, sides, and back are formed ' 
of ■ single ftre-lump A. The front, focings, and 
utber i»rt«, are of iron. The curved bottom of 
Ibc fire-lump projects in front to vithin half on 
inch of the giste bar a ; and it rents upon a CK/na 
biurini;, B, which is turned up behind as in fig. '2, 
in order that the latter may afford resiatance to 
UT thrust, from in front, sgainat the firo-lumj,, 

V C are two binding slips which fit into recsKscs 
gf the sidea c c of the fire-lump, as in the pbm 
&:, i; and oome flush in &ont with the ni«Ul 
cbnki) 6 b. D D ore angle tie-pieces attached to 
tbe cheeks behind, and fitted to the sidea of the 
Gn-lump. E E are screws which are passed 
thrmi^ tbe binding slips C C, and angle tie 
pieces D D to bind the whole tt^ther. By un- 
doing these screws, and removing the slips C C, 
tbe Gie-liuDpcao be entirely witbdnvwn, without 
disturbing the other parts of the stove. 
No. 3. 





'Hio utility of tliis stove cnn«i«t» 
iu the gnxle III- rucej-tiiclo for tho tire 
living entirely iu front of tlie reflect- 
ing cheeks, and the additional re 
llrvtor below the grate, increasing the 
reflecting suriWe. 

Fig. 1, is a front view of the stove. 
Elg. a, a vertical »ecti.m on the lino 
'1 h. Fig, ;v, a trauBverso section on 
the line <.' ■!. 

Tho back of tlio firc-tfrate, fi. 

ij be intrnduced tbmiiKh the opening for 



-med by the 



614 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



[ United 



Yacht stove, with copper boiler and steaming apparatus. 

Small yacht stove, without copper boiler. 

Model improved cooking stove, with steam-closet, three 
steam kettles, bath, &c., all heated with one fire. 

Electro -plated goods: — Sets complete, consisting of 
tea, coffee, water^pot, sugar, and cream, — ^teas extra ; 
liouor-frame, cruet-firames, flower-stands, toast-racks, 
salts, waiters, and candlesticks. 

Britannia-metal goods : — Diah -covers, manufactured by 
a new mechanical process, vdth strong metallic wires in 
the edges, equal to silver in appearance and durability; 
exhibited for cheapness; teapots, salt, mustard, pepper, 
soup-ladle ; gravy, table, dessert, and tea spoons ; also 
jugs, swing-kettle, dish-covers, cruet-frame, candlesticks, 
and coffee-pot. 

Cast-steel, circular, and swaged saws : — London spring 
haad-saw, polished blade, with mahogany, zebra, London 
pattern, and country pattern handles. 

London spring polished blade, with zebra-wood handle. 

Improved prumng-bill, with polished blade, and kings- 
wood handle. 

187 Wabbubton, Charles, 60 Eyre Lane, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 

Bright Scotch screw-auger with eye, 6-inch« wdghing 
nearly 1 cwt., and in length 7 feet; considered the lai^eet 
of the kind ever manufactured,. 

A variety of Scotch screws, twisted, and other augers, of 
di£forent sizes, including a bright four-twist auger with 
eye \\ inch, exhibited as a curiosity on account of its 
being a four-twist. 

Improved shell-auger, f -inch : a recent invention. 



187a Jowitt & Bathe, Thomas & John, SaviUe 
WorkSf Sheffield — Manu&cturers. 

Specimens of forged, tilted, rolled, and hand-drawn, 
cast, shear, and spring steel. 

Complete set of engineers* and machine-makers* cast- 
steel files. 

188 HlooiNBOTHAM, G. & W., 5A«J^f(f— Manufacturers. 

An assortment of scissors, ornamented and mounted 
with gold and other metals, syitable for dressing cases, 
writing desks, &o. 

Pair of fine scissors, njade of refined steel, and hardened 
and tempered by a process not yet made public, which 
produces a durable edge, and a brilliant polish. 

Razors, in ivory, tortoiseshell, and mother-of-pearl 
handles, and gold and silver mountings, with blades of 
similar temper, made of refined steel, and highly finished. 



190 



TuBTON, Thomas, & Sons, Sheffield — 
Manufacturers. 

Steel, commencing with Swedish bar iron. 

Steel converted into blister steel of various temper. 

Steel rolled for the manufacture of springs. 

Refined cast-steel in the ingot. 

Steel ** tilted " into flats and squares for turning-tools, 
drilling and planing tools, millbills, dies, and every 
description of mechanics' tools, axes, &c. 

Steel tilted oval and octagon, for cold chisels, &c. 

Steel tilted under the hammer in swages, especially for 
tape and other articles used in machinery. 

Steel tilted and rolled for the manufacture of files, 
edge-tools, chisels and gouges, plane-irons, circular and 
other saws, cutlery, and all articles maniifactured from 
•teeL 

[Steel may be regarded as a carburet of iron ; it is 
usually manufactured by the process of cementation. 
The cement, as it is called, consists of the charcoal of 
hard wood — sometimes soft is employed — mixed with a 
small quantity of ashes and some salt. The bottom of 
the trough of the cementing furnace being covered with 
this mixture, bars of steel are placed upon it; these are 
again covered with the carbonaceous compound, and so 
on until the trough is filled. The whole is closed, and 



the fire urged until all acquires a temperature of about 
100° Wedgwood ; and this is steadily maintained for some 
days, the time varying, under different conditions, from 
four days to ten. In these furnaces, 12 tons of bar iron 
may at each charge be converted into steel. Blistered 
steel is so called from the air -bubbles which cover its 
surface, which blisters appear to result from the forma- 
tion of carbonic oxide in the process of cementation. 

ThQ operation of tiltifttj is performed by beating the 
steel under tilt-hammers until it is rendered of a very 
uniform structure. The tilt-hammers usually weigh 
about 200 cwt.— R. H.] 

Files for engineers, machine-makers, millwrights, saw- 
mills, cabinet-makers, joiners, builders, agriculturists, &c. 

Eldge-tools, consisting of firmer chisels and gouges^ 
turning-chisels and gouges, parcing-chisels and gouges, 
millwrights' chisels and gouges, socket-chisels, mortice- 
chisels, single plum-irons, cut plum-irons, double plum- 
irons, drawing-knives, coopers' tools of every description, 
augers, English, American, Brazil, and ship axes ; English, 
American, Brazil, and ship adzes ; knives for curriers, 
tanners, and skinners, and various other article comprised 
under the name of edge-tools. 

Springs of various sorts for locomotive engines, railway 
passenger carriages, waggons, &c. Saws. Cutlery. 



191 



Ibbotson Bbothisis & Co., Sheffield — 
Manufacturers. 

Collection of polished cast-steel circular saws. 

Cast-steel mill saws; cross-cut saws; pit saws; tnme 
saws; mill saw webs; stone saws; and Russian cross-cut 
and frame saws. Segment of a circular veneering saw. 

Grafting, hand, panel, ripping, and steam saws, of dif- 
ferent degrees of polish; with ebony, mahogany, roee, 
lignum-vitse, maple, zebra, tvdip, box, satin, red, and 
beach-wood handles, plain and variously ornamented. 

Cast-steel cheap hand saws. 

Back saws, with iron, burnished steel, blued and brass 
backs ; with handles of hard wood. 

Lock saws, with beech and lignum-vitse handles, and 
with rosewood and mahogany pistol handles. 

Pruning saws; billet webs; breaking-rut webs; turning, 
metal, and fret saws; and butchers' webs. 

Cast-steel patent scythes. Cast-steel scythe rolled up, 
to show its elasticity. 

Flat files — ^ruff, bastard, second-cut, smooth, dead- 
smooth, and double dead-smooth. Hand files, assorted 
cuts and sizes. 

Three-square saw files, mill saw files, feather-edge, 
cross, riffle, roimding-off, entering, four-square, cotler, 
fr'ame and guUeting, cabinet-makers' files and rasps. 

Knife files, rubbers, flat-shoe rasps, half-round, double 
bevelled, and tongued horse rasps. 

Ivory, tip, and stag table-knives and forks; dessert- 
knives and forks; guard, slicer, trowel, and venison 
carvers. 

American hunting-knives. Table-knife aharpenera. 
Tilted best cast-steel. 



192 Butcheb, William & Samuel, Sheffield^ 

Manufacturers. 

Specimen razor, with handle formed of one piece of 
ivory, ornamented with engravings of the various manu- 
factories of the exhibitors; the etchings on the blade 
represent the ''Great Exhibition** building, accompanied 
with an allegorical illustration of " Conunerce and her 
attributes.'* 

Various descriptions of razors, edge tools and files, and 
saws. 

Samples of cast-steel, round, four-square, and hexagon, 
in assorted sizes. 



193 Blake & Pabkin, Meadow Works, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 
Improved cast-steel files and rasps, for engineers, ma- 
chinists, &c. Improved cast-steel eawa. Pledr small 



Kingdom.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29, 



615 



Hummer-heada, and several pieces of patent tem- 
pend steel. Machine paper-cutting knife. Envelope 
cotters. Paper-makers* oeating-pUtes and circular 
cutter. 

doth mannfarturera* spiral cutting edges on a cylinder; 
sod loose cutters of different shapes. Tobacco cutting 
knife. Machine cutters for planing wood. Moulding 
and grooving irons, for wood work. Logwood cutting- 
knife and rasp. Corkcutters*, turners', and curriers' 
knives. Sheet cast-steel, polished for paintings. Mill- 
chijel with handle. Small patterns of springs, for rail- 
way 



1 94 GiBBiizs & Sons, iS^ej^^d^Manufacturers. 

A p«ir of scissors, 19 inches long, representing the 
iriBs of England, France, and America, with the motto, 
" osity and peace," worked with small files and drills, 
round a portion of the bows in cipher letters. Exhibited 
for design and workmanship. 

An assortment of scissors. A pair of scissors in the 
first process of manufacture. An assortment of nail-nip- 
pers. Champagne nippers or openers, various patterns. 

An aawrtment of pnming-shears. Averancaters. 

Garden hedge-cuttingshears. Fruitand grape-gatherers. 

Garden-fork, reel and line. Ladies' garden-fork. 

Sets of scissors, of assorted sizes, and for various pur- 



195 WiLSOH, John, & Son, Sycamore Street, Sheffield- 

Manufacturers. 
Samples of shoemakers' knives. Butchers' and bread 
knives. Cooks' and curriers* knives. Farriers' and gla- 
oers' knives. Palette knives and weavers' knives. 
Batches* steels, &c. Corporate mark, four peppercorns 
and a diamond thus — 

!» ♦ }»♦ 1&- 1&- 1&- 

196 Waxd & Patne, Sheffieid^yLanutacturers. 

Edge-tools in every variety, comprising tools used by 
carpenters, joiners, shipwrights, millwrights, coach and 
caUnet nuikers, &c., such as cast steel firmer-chisels, 
gotjjiree, plane-irons, socket-chisels, drawing-knives, block - 
mikkeni' chisels and gouges, German parting-tools, coopers' 
tools, plasterers' moulding tools, shell and screw augers, 
ttoweli, machine plane-irons and moulding-irons, Brazil, 
Canada, London, coachmakers' and long falling axes, 
hatchets, choppers, hedging-bills, &c. 

Curriers', tanners', skinners', saddlers', mincing, and 
bookbinders' knives; turning-chisels and gouges; fancy 
tormng-tools for iron, wood and brass ; screw tools ; 
bright and black carving chisels, gouges, &c.; yellow 
{Mint -cutters ; carving-chisels ; gouges ; parting-tools ; 
spoon-bit chisels and gouges; engravers' and die-sinkers' 
tools of every kind and shape; sculptors' chisels; mez- 
zotinto scrapers and shading -tools; plain and fluted 
Krapers; burnishers. 

Braces, bit8, tumscrews, spokeshaves, &c. 

107 Marshall, Samuel, 25 Eyre Street, Sheffield — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 

Sfjecimens of illustrated Sheffield cutlery, consisting 
of razoFH, See., carved, in moth er-of -pearl handles. 

Gentlemen's pocket combs, &c. 

19^ Satxob, Samuel, & Sons, 13 Edicard Street, Sheffield 

— Manufact u rers . 
Pruning and budding knives, for the use of gardeners, 
wedsmen, horticulturalists, &c. Exhibited for work- 
&aa^p and material. 

199 Natlor, Vickebs, & Co., i^A^^eW— Manufacturers. 

niti/*trations of cast steel by models of furnaces, rolling 

icill, and foi^. An assortment of manufactured articles. 



2'>) White, Thomas, jun., Thorpe I/eeley, Sheffield — 
Inventor and Manufacturer 
Improved hooks for fixing gas and water-pipe, made 
either bright or black; a new form being given to the 



shoulder of the hook, which facilitates the driving, and 
the bend is lengthened to secure the pipe. 

Improved horse-nails, in order to secure the shoe with- 
out injuring the hoof. 

New wrought-iron nails for ship-builders, carpenters, 
joiners, and cabinet-makers. The improvement of this 
nail consists in its gradual thickness towards the head. 

Improved rivets, in iron, brass, copper, or zinc. 



203 Eyre, Ward, & Co., iS^^^W— Manufacturers. 

Different qualities of table-knives, commencing with 
those manufactured for export to the United States, 
the Canadas, South America, and Australia. Medium 
qualities, of various kinds. 

Ivory, silver, and other descriptions of table cutlery 
of the best description. 

Rixzors, pocket and penknives, dagger and Bowie knives, 
made from the best steel, and of every variety in quality. 

Scissors, scythes, and sickles, of the best qualities, for 
different markets. 



204 SoRBY, Robert, & Sons, Carver Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

An assortment of sheep shears, comprising Australian, 
American, Tiinity, Saxony, Trowel shank, Scotch, 
Wiltshire or Sarum, Dorsetshire, Norfolk, Kent, Devon, 
Leicestershire, and Lincolnshire. Kendal snappers, 
flyers* glovers, horse and T shears, &c. Weavers' pods, 
assorted patterns. 

Cast steel circular saw, 5 feet in diameter, hardened 
and tempered. Various cast steel, and London spring 
saws. Polished circular saws. Specimens of files for 
sharpening saws, &c. 

Axes, consisting of American, Australian, Kent, Scotch, 
Suffolk, Newcastle, Longfalling, ship, coachmakers', 
wheelers', Newcastle, blocking, Irish bench side, American 
house, Dutch, mortice, bullock, and coopers', &c. 

Adzes, consisting of coopers', carpenters', ship, wheelers', 
electro -Scotch, American and Canada, spout, &c. 

Butchers' cleavers. House choj^pers and sugar hatchet. 
Mincing and cheese knives. 

Hatchets, consisting of improved claw, hammer. Shing- 
ling, Suffolk, Kent, and Irish. 

Hedging bills, consisting of Yorkshire, Westmoreland, 
Nottingham, Lopping. Improved S'Bill switching, &c. 

Hoes, garden, turnip, Dutch improved turnip, half 
moon, long neck swan, neck, &c. Patent lawn or daisy 
and gai'den rakes. 

Improved garden tools, comj)lete, made to fit one 
handle, viz., spade, rake, hoes, saw, spuds, fork, &c. 
Spuds and weed hooks, assorted. 

Axes which have cut the bars of iron attached to each; 
the edges of which have not been sharpened since. 

An asaoi-tmeut of various kinds of augurs. Wheelers* 
bruzz and ship scrapers. Socket lock mortice chisel. 
Ca.st and Genuan-steel gouges and chisels. 

Tooth i)lime irons, and cooper's jointer plane with 
irons. Joiners', coopers', and wheelers' spokeshaves. 
Best plough bills, braces and bitts, &c. Plated Si^juares, 
plated spirit levels; vai-ious bevels. Tumscrews, of as- 
sorted patterns and lengths. Siiwpads. Best cast steel 
lout; pod and shell gimblets. Planes: smoothing, jack, 
trying, plough groviug, bead, fillister, and rabbit. Skates, 
assoi'ted patterns. 

Civst steel patent scythes, consisting of improved 
narrow Scotch, broad Scotch, niurow Canada grass, crad- 
ling corn. Broad Suffolk, south of England, north of 
England, Yorkshire, and grass-plat scythes. Best ham- 
mered scythes, consisting of broad Scotch, narrow Ame- 
rican grass, cradling corn, south of England and Bnmiber 
scythes; patent and crov^Ti hay knives, cross and side 
handle. 

Crown trussing knife. Patent and crown chaff" knives. 
Machine straw knives. Cast steel jmtent reaping hooks, 
round and elbowed. Improved registore<l reaping hooks, 
assorted. Garden and grass shears, assorted patterns. 



616 



CLAfls 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; O. 9, & l\ 3 to 29. 



•"Umted 



204a Lucas, Edward, & Son, Dranfdd, near Sheffield — 
Patentees and Maqufiicturers. 

Bfalleable steel-apoke railway and ptate-railway wheeln, 
which are caHt in one piece, and are hard on the surface, 
the interior soft or malleable : they are said to be much 
lighter than the ordinary wheel, and to wear well. 

Bialleable steel carriage, coach, and cart naves and 
axles, which are formed out of one piece; they occupy 
le«s space than the ordinary wood naves, ancl are less 
affected by the weather. 

A case of spindles and flyers in use for spinning flax, 
wool, cotton, and silk. 

Specimens of cast malleable iron manufactured by a 
process of which the exhibitors are the original patentees. 



205 



Taskeb, H., 5A<f/^V/</— Manufacturer. 



Cast steel saws, polished and etched with silver and 
gold. 

206 FiSHEB & Bramall, floyle Street Works, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Files and rasps. Ironstone, pig, and bar-iron. Bar 
and ingot steel ; spring steel ; shear, cast, and sheet 
steel ; cast-steel, hand drawn. 

Engineers' chisels, hammers, and nut-spanner. Mill- 
bill. Masons' chisels. Circular saw, for cutting railway 
bars when in a heated state. 

[Iron is converted into steel by a process called cemen- 
tation, which consists in placing iron bars in troughs of 
fire-brick, and covering them with layen of powder of 
wood charcoal, salt, and ashes. Dr. Ure is of opinion that 
the latter material is valueless. Care is taken that the 
iron bars do not touch each other. The troughs, when 
filled, are covered up with loam, and subjected to the 
action of a furnace, the heat of which is uiiged until it 
arrives at the proper temperature, and until the trough 
and its contents become one red-hot mass of matter. In 
this state it is maintained for a longer or shorter period, 
viz., from four to ten days, according to the nature of 
the steel desired ; if soft, the time is shorter. The heat 
produces the combination of the carbon with the iron 
and completes the conversion of a soft substance into 
one of the most brittle ; it then undergoes the process of 
hardening, by being plimged into cold water. 

Shear-steel is formed by uniting together several bars 
of blister-steel by means of a steel rod, and sprinkling 
over it, when heated, sand. After being again heated, it 
is drawn out into a bar by means of a tilt hammer, viz., 
a lai^ hammer, which works by steam or water power. 
Repeated heatings not unfrequently transpose the con- 
verted steel into its original state of iron. 

Cast-steel is produced by melting blister-steel in cruci- 
bles, which is done after the manner of the brass-founder, 
in a common-air furnace. The mouth of the crucible is 
covered ; the fuel used is coke. The metal, when melted, 
is poured into a mould, and acquires the name of ** ingot 
steel." 

Sheet-steel is produced by being rolled between re- 
volving cylinders of metal. 

Hand-drawn, means rods which have been produced by 
manual labour, in opposition to those formed by the tilt 
hammer. — W. C. A.] 



207 Earl, Smith, & Co., Sheffield-~UuivL{acturen, 

Files and rasps, of all shapes, kinds, and sizes, from 
half an inch to twenty-four inches long. 

Samples of steel of various kinds and shapes, from 
blister to the smallest watch-spring, exhibiting the frac- 
tures from the state of pig-iron to the most highly-polished 
steel, with the tempers classed. 



208 Slack, Sellers, & Grayson, Sheffield — 

Manufacturers. 

CaMt-stoel |K>lished circular, mill, pit, frame, and cross- 
cut saws. 

Spring, ripping, hand, and panel saws, in ebony, beech, 
and zebra-wood handles. 

Gentleman's cast-steel hand and other saws, having 
tubulated backs funned of iron, German silver, and brass, 
with handles c(>mi>osed of various wootLi. 

Gardener's pruning, fret, bow, wood-cutters*, and other 
saws for cutting wood and metals. 

Straw or chaff-knife, polished ; ledger blade, cylinder 
of spiral cukters for shearing w^oollen cloth, &c. 

[After the weaving of woollen cloth, the small fibres 
of the wool of which it is made are raised by means of 
teazle heads, or wire brushes; as a consequence, these 
fibres present irregularities in their several lengths, to 
reduce which to an equal or uniform surface, shears were 
formerly employed. These have been superseded by the 
application of a spiral cutting cylinder, which, being 
fitted with the necessary cutting edges, and revolving 
rapidly in contact with the cloth to be cut, and which 
is drawn on a ledge, speedily imparts to it the requisite 
uniformity of surface. — W. C. A.] 



209 Ibbotson, R., Shorehnm Works^ 7 Shoreham Street, 

Sheffield — Manufacturer. 
Improved bill pruning saw. Black ebony plated handle 
saw. Rosewood handle saw, brass plate. Boxwood handle, 
blue back saw. Angica wood handle saw. Loudon 
pattern hand and back saw. 



210 Matkin, T., Hawletf Croft, Sheffield— UanuSaciurer. 
Specimens of shears. 

211 Taylor Brothers, Jos. & John, Burnt-tree Ltme, 

Sheffivld — Manufinctiu^rs. 

Specimens of saws: — American mill, cast-steel ; Pit; 
Russian crosscut; M-tooth, or continental cross-cut; 
circular; segment, or part-circular; suaged, or veneering 
circular; billet, or woodcutters' heb; and polished billet, 
Ohio or fleam tooth. 

Ripping-saw, with French-polished boxwood handle, 
electro-jtlate screws. The novelty consists in the handle 
and the etchings which represent the different processes 
of saw mauufactiuing. 

Sash or tenon-saw, with French-polished ebony handle, 
and electro-plate screws; with a representation of Windsor 
Castle and Park on the handle. 

Hand-saw, with French-polished beech handle. 

Polished hand-saw, with French-polished rosewood 
handle, raised steel screws, and etched. 

Polished panel -saws, with French-polished box and 
zebra-wood handles, and etched. 

Polished hand-saw, with Ohio or fleam tooth, French- 
polished ebony handle, raised steel screws, and etched. 

Polished plate, brass back, sash or tenon-saw, with 
French-polished beech handle. 

Polished panel saw, with French-polished ebony handle, 
electro-plate, and etched. 

Pimel-saw, with French-polished horse-flesh handle. 

Rippiug-siiw, with French-polished sebra handle^ and 
raised steel screws. 

[The use of a ripping-saw is to separate the fibres of 
timber by eroding a portion of the fibre itself, to pre» 
serve an even way, and as an alternative to splitting. 
The crosscut-saw separates the fibre by a cut trans- 
versely, and effects more neatly and truly, and with less 
waste, what might be done with an axe; it cuts logs 
into shorter lengths, as the pit-saw slits logs into boards. 

The tooth of a ripping-saw is more or less hooked, that 
of the pit-saw being shaped something like the upper 
mandible of a parrot; whilst the tooth of the crosscut- 
saw returns from its point or apex at an equal angle on 



KlXGDOX.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29, 



617 



both sides of a line at right angles to the edge of the 
blade; conseqiiently the ripping-saw bites in the down- 
•troke only, whilst the crosscut-saw can cut both ways; 
and it does so when worked at both ends, as in cutting 
logs of large sizes. 

The saw blade is commonly thicker at the serrated 
edge than at the back; both that it may not be unneces- 
ttrily heavy, and that it may not bind in the cut or the 
k»f (the ripping-saw makes a cut, the crosscut-saw a 
kerf), though this latter object \b more fully provided for 
by the setting of the saw; the setting being the bending 
outward of eveiy tooth alternately on one side and on 
the other, to such an extent as the nature and condition 
of the wood, in respect of wooUiness and wetness, or their 
oppoeitea, may render a wider or a narrower way necessary 
or sufficient for the free passage of the blade along the 
cut or through the kerf. 

Tenon-saws are crosscut-saws mainly, and as their 
name imports, for cutting in the shoulders to tenons. 
But these are shallow cuts, and requiring to be made 
with neatness, the blade is made rigid by a back which is 
commonly of brass. Narrow-bladed saws, for cutting in 
curved lines, are made thicker at the edge, and thinner 
at the back, and are not set. — ^W. H.] 






Biggin, Samuel, & Sons, Sheffield— 
Manufacturers. 

1. Ripping-saw, polished blade and handle, with silver 
shield, ornamented. 

2. Hand-saw, with ebony handle, ornamented. 

3. Hand-saw, zebra handle, and ornamented with a 
representation of the Exhibition building. 

4. Ripping-saw, polished ebony handle, with raised 
silver screws. 

5. Back-saw, polished blade and handle, with silver 
shield and fluted back. 

6. A similar one, with zebra handle. 

7. Another, with silver back, engraved and etched ou 
blade. 

8. Another, polished bhide and satiu-wood handle, 
silver back, and etched blade. 

1«. Back-saw, }>oIi8hed blade and handle, silver buck, 
%tul handle inlaid with silver, shield engraved. 
l'». Another, with a bright back. 

1 1 . A similiu* one, blued. 

12. Hiind-saw, polished blade and rosewood handle, 
(•mainented, with silver screws and etched blade. 

1 5. Hand-saw, polished blade, and satin-wood handle, 
^lecorated with silver shield and etched. 



2 1 :5 Whittles & Fbogoart, 100 West Street, S/wffield— 

Manufactiu^rs . 
Surgical instruments and penknives. 



l!14 Stanifobth, Thomas, IfackaUhorp, near Sheffield — 

Manufacturer. 

Sickles and hooks used in England. Hooks used in 
Walt?a. Sickles and hooks used in Ireland and Scotland. 
Sickles ui«ied in Poland and Russia. Sickles and hooka 
iwe*! in North America, United States, South Ameriai, 
md We*»t Indies. 

.Scythes u»ed in England, Ireland, Scotland, and North 
.Viiierica. Bramble scythe used in the United States. 



215 Hctton & Newton, J/ujh-lime, near Sheffield — 

Manufacturers. 

Patent and crown hay and straw knives. 

Crown and patent scythes, suitable for the colonies 
'•f New South Wales, Australia, &c. 

Crown and patent narrow Canada grass scythe. 

Iron socketerl grass hook, siutable for the East Indies. 

Sickle, suitable for the colony of the Ca|)e of Good 
Hope, &c. 



Best bright Russian sickle, with polished handle, hoop, 
and ring. Polish and Canadian sickles. 

Reaping-hook and sickle, suitable for Australia, New 
South Wales, &c. 

Bagging or fagging hook. 

Sickle, suitable for the United States of America. 

Spanish and rice sickles. 



216 Shaw & Son, 5^J?ie/(^-Manufactm^r8. 
An assortment of magnets. 

217 Cutler, J., iSAe^^/d— Manufacturer. 
A variety of edge tools. 

218 Marples, William, Sheffield — Manufacturer. 
Kingswood plated brace, with straw coloured bits. 
Beechwood unplated brace, without bits. 

Centre bits. Brace with improved pad, by which the 
bits are introduced with much greater facility into the 
receptacle provided for holding them. 



219 



Carfitt, Thomas, & Son, Sheffield — 
Manufacturers. 

A collection of scythes, suitable for mowing or cutting, 
and used for the various purposes, and in the various 
counties and coimtries, enumerated as follows : — 

Carden and grass-plot borders. Canada. Rice. Forged 
Cheshire. Cheshire, showing the under side. American 
CQm, showing the under side. Broad-pointed Cheshire. 
Yorkshire, West Riding. Yorkshire, East Riding. West- 
moreland, &c. 

Knives for cliaff, rag, and turnip machines. Chaff-box. 
Hay -trussing, hay -knife, and shear-steel round. 

Elbowed, Irish, and bagging hook. Cast-steel round. 

Cast-steel Kendal hook. Round, ribbed, crane, elastic, 
Cheshire and Kendal sickles. 

The patent scythe, consisting of a cast-steel blade, with 
an iron rib rivetted upon the upper side, and elongated 
at the heel of the scythe into a tang. One of the pecu- 
liarities of this scythe consists in the blade and flange- 
rib, the back edge of which turns up, and meets the 
flange of the rib, to give it strength and lightness. The 
forged scythe consists of steel, which fonns the edge, 
welded between two strings of iron, as a back. 



220 Skeltons, Samuel & Ralph, Sheffield and AtivrcUffe 

' — Mjinufacturers. 
Shovels and sjiades for various uses. Draining-tools. 

221 Tasker, John, iSA<'^t'W— Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Pair of cricket shoes with gutta percha bottoms ; made 
principally by macliinery, applicable to the numufacture 
of various kinds of boots or shoes ; superior for durability 
and appauTiiice; made hi one-thiixl of the time, and 
much cheaper than the ordinaiy boots or shoes. 

222 Burrows, Samuel, 94 Sprimj Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of table cutlery in black tip, self-tip, white 
hone, German nilver, ivory, plated on steel, and ivory and 
l)eiu-l'; with pattut steel blades, and ornamental shanks. 

223 Cooper, G., Wicker Lane, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 

Si>ecimen of registered Venetian chimney-top. De- 
siinied to create an upward draught, and to prevent 
downward draught. The lower couraes are intended to 
give a direction to the wind impinging against them, 
which produces an upward ciurent, and the top courses 
intercept and break the force of all wind from above, 
before it cim in any way affect the flue. 

As there are no parts of tliis chinmey-top where soot 
can lodge, it will always be kept clean by the wmd blow- 
ing through it. 



618 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & l\ 3 to 29. 



r United 



224 HiNCHCLlFFE, JoHN, 8 Hermitage Street, Sheffield 

— Manufacturer. 

Flambeaux dagger hunting claap-knife, 10) in. haft, 
carved in pearl representing the cutlers' arms, with carved 
scrolls and flowers in baa-relief, cased in gold edge, with 
gold guard. 

Qentlemen's Whamcliffe knives, in pearl, shell, ivory, 
and stag handles. Ladies' knives, in pearl, ivory, &c. 
American hunting lock knives, in fancy handles, &c. 

225 Leon, Abraham, Sheffield — Manufacturer. 
American hunters' knivm, various sizes from 20 inches 

downwards, in Morocco and electro -plate sheaths. 

Dagger knives, electro-plate and Morocco sheaths, with 
black and pearl -dotted handles. 

Also, pierced electro plate, with silk velvet sheath. 

226 Sanderson, Thomas Joseph, Sheffield — 

Manufacturer. 
Anvils for the use of engineers, blacksmiths, and 
farriers. Anvil for exportation. Bright and black vices, 
for blacksmiths. Bright saw vice. 



226a Hague^ S., Devonshire Lane, Sheffield — 

Manufacturer. 
Fancy penknives, varying in the number of blades, 
with corkscrews, silver pencils, &c. ; and handles of tor- 
toiseshell, mother-of-pearl, ivory, and horn. 

228 Hunter, E., Broomhall Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 

Scissors and shears of all descriptions, with modem 
improvements. 

Specimens of these articles, in the various stages of 
manufacture. 

229 Nelson, John, Sheffield— Inyeator. 

Set of parturition forceps, for difficult parturition in 
domesticated animals. 
Pair of forceps for giving balls to horses. 



230 Jones, J., 33 West Field Terrace, Sheffield— 

Inventor and Patentee. 
Olass for sash-bars, frames, columns, cornices, windows, 
looking glass and picture frames. The glass is flint and 
coloured, and is plain, moulded or cut. 

231 Linlet, O. a. F., 43 Regent Street, Sheffield, 

Yorkshire — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Horse-shears and sheep-shears. 
Wool -sorters or thatchers' shears. 
Improved gentlemen's grass shears. 
Glovers', belting or dra^ng, and rag shears. 

232 Bell, John & Jonathan, 5A<'J^W— Manufacturers. 
Silver fruit knives. 



233 Peace, Joseph, iSA^j^i^W— Manufacturer. 

Hand-saw, ornamented japanned handle. 

Ripping-saw, rosewood handle, with registered plates. 

Hand -saws, zebra and ornamented japanned handles. 

Back-saws, zebra, rose, and beech-wood handles, vnth 
and without brass backs. 

Panel-saw, hand-saw, and ripping-saw. 

Hand-saw, English measure on the back. 

Back -saws, various sizes, and some with brass backs. 

The above are all ornamented on the plates in a new 
style. 
^ Russian crosscut-saw, plain and blued, with the mark 
gilt. Russia frame-saw. Mill -saw web. Brass-back saw, 
zebra handle and steel screws. Iron-back saw, beech 
handle, &c. Saw cook knives. Turkish dagger. Pannel- 
saw, mahogany handle, steel screws. 

Hand-saw, zebra handle, registered plates, and English 
measure on the back. Chopping-knife. Turkish luknd- 
saw. 

Large circular saw, with spindle and spanners com- 
plete, each tooth omamentea with a bird's hmd, tJie 



plate ornamented with the English, American, Russian, 
and Sheffield arms. Spring steel hand-saw, with regis- 
tered plates in brass. Billet-web. Spring steel hand- 
saw, with registered plates in polished steel. 

Olass frame, contaming registration deed for the im- 
proved plan of plating saw -handles. 

Glass case, containing old style of marking saws and 
the new style introduced by the exhibitor. 

Glass case, containing saw-handles, with plates in the 
old style and in the new registered style. 



233a Peace, Heioit, 5AeJ?itf/</— Manufacturer. 
Samples of files and rasps of every description. 



234 Cocker & Sons, Uathersage, Derbyshire — 

Manufacturers. 

Needles, in every stage of their manufacture, from the 
wire of cast steel to the finished article. 

The exhibitors, being the drawers of card and other 
wire, a process which originated with their ancestors, a 
century ago, Mr. Huntsman, of Attercliffe, who first 
refined carbonated iron, and which has been a source of 
great wealth, not only in the manufacture of cast steel, 
but in the great variety of articles of cutlery for which 
Sheffield is so celebrated, suggested to them that it 
would be mutually advantageous if they oovdd succeed in 
drawing cast steel made from his carbonated iron. The 
suggestion was adopted, the attempt was made, and the 
cast steel and the "wvre made from it are now articles 
of very extensive exportation. 

Specimens numbered in the order of manufiBtcture : — 

Wire: 1, cut double length of a needle; 2, straight- 
ened ; 3, pointed at each end ; 4, grooved, for two 
needles ; 5, eyed, for two needles. 

Needles: 6, threaded; 7, filed on the sides; 8, filed 
on the heads ; 9, broken in two ; 10, drilled in the 
eye; 11, hardened; 12, tempered; 13, straightened; 
14, scoured, first time ; 15, scoured, second time ; 
16, scoured, third time ; 17, scoured, fourth time ; 
18, glazed; 19, headed, and picked from waste; 20, blued 
in the eye and groove; 21, drilled in the eye; 22, first 
extra polish; 23, second extra polish; 24, third extra 
polish ; 25, blued in the eye and groove ; 26, gold -eyed ; 
27, papered, twenty-five in a paper; 28, papered and 
tucked; 29, papered in envelopes; 30, labelled, in en- 
velopes, and on purple paper; 31, in cases. 

Wire of various kinds: — 32, pinion and click wire, for 
clocks and watches ; 33, music wire, for pianofortes ; 
34, watch and chronometer spring wire ; 35, cast steel, 
hammered flat, half flat, and square. 

Nos. 36-41. Hackles, from large hatchel to 180's fine. 
Gills, for dividing the fibres of flax in machinery. Hackle- 
pins. Gill-pins. Wool-combers' broaches. Spiral springs. 

42. Particles of cast steel, taken from pipes used in con- 
veying away the dust occasioned in grinding needles on 
dry stones, and which would, if allowed to float in the 
air, be inhaled by the grinders, thereby causing a com- 
plaint until lately very common, and hitherto incurable. 

[About twelve or fifteen years ago, several methods were 
tried to remedy this, but they did not effectually succeed 
untU a powerful fan, as represented in the plan hanging 
on the boards at the end of the counter, was put up, on 
which is shown a grinder at work, and the blaze of fire 
arising from the stone in the act of pointing, with the 
fan underneath, drawing the dust and particles of steel 
down the pipe, and leaving the atmosphere of the room 
perfectly clear and free from all injurious effects; so that 
dry grinders have now the chance of living as long as 
other men; without this apparatus they cannot now be 
induced to work; it is therefore imiversally adopted.] 



236 Brown, John, Atlas Steel Works, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Conical railway spring buffer, with vnrought-iron (^lin- 
der plungers of varied actions and resisting powers^ suit- 



Keigdqk.] 



mcLUDma locks and grates. 

L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



619 



aUe for wsggoDS, goods vans, locomotive engines and ten- 
ders, and pMwenger carriages. 

[Tlie Txtility of tbe railway buffer consists in its 
tendency to counteract the effects of the shock which 
Aiises firom the stoppage of a railway train on the line. 

The momentum of the stopping body is dissipated 
by the application of an elastic medium, which opposes 
some renstazioe to the body which gives the blow. In 
the present instance, a steel spring is used, which is 
encloeed in a cylinder having a piston with a correspond- 
ing end stuffed and covered with leather works in it. 
The blow drives back this plimger against the spring, 
which to a certain extent resists, and thereby dissipates 
the effects of the collision. — ^W. C. A.] 

Patent conical railway drawing spring, for railway-car- 
liagea and waggons, of 3-inch action, and 75 cwt. resisting 
power, with one pair of miniature brass buffers, which 
may be pressed to show the action. The mechanical 
action of Ukese nnings consists in one coil falling within 
tbe other until they assume a planular form. They are ca- 
pable of adaptation to any description of railway plant. 

Conical buffer springs, without fittings. 

Laminated railway-carriage and waggon buffsr and 
drawing spring, weighing 200 lbs. 

Faaeenger railway-carriage spring, with tension bar and 
dips complete, weighing 127 lbs. 

Railwi^ goods van spring, ^th spear-point ends, and 
extra steel ciuhion bearings, weighing 1 12 lbs. 

Mineral waggon bearing springs, weighing 70 lbs. 

Registered mineral and goods waggon bearing spring 
and dip. The improvement in this spring consists in its 
bearing from the centre, and thus bringing into action the 
wholeiength of the pli^; the spring is aJso strengthened 
by having studs in the centre, mstead of holes punched 
through to hold the plates together; weighing 62 lbs; re- 
asting power, 4^ tons. 

Improved railway-waggon bearing spring, with tension 
rods ; intended to be used where great action is not re- 
quired, and to provide for the inequalities in the height of 
waggons when loaded; weighing only 44 lbs., with 4 tons 
resLrting power. 

Specimens of engineering and machine files. 



236 HcxLET, Heriot, & Co., Ciisile Street, Long Acre 

— ^Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Cook's patent self-regulating stoves for attaching to 
brick flues, with new mode of controlling and prevenUng 
exceas of heat. Self-acting regulator, as used on Cook*s 
patent stoves. 

£c<t>nomic gas stove for heating water or warming 
rooma. Oas stove with enclosed cockle, from which the 
pnjducts of combustion are carried away. 

Hydraulic stove, heated by gas, the cylinder containing 
water suited for small conservatories, &c., or to place 
horizontally enclosed in ornamental case. 

Ornamental caadelabrum for gas, lacquered or-molu. 
Elizabethan chandelier for gas, designed by Mair. Fancy 
chandeliers for gas, and ornamental bracket for gas, new 
daeigDS. 

237 Jejlkes, William, 51 Grcrtt Eiissell Street — 

Inventor, Designer, and Manufacturer. 

Improved ventilating stove grate, the heating surfaces 
of which are composed entirely of pure fire loam, the 
object being to prevent the decomposition or burning of 
thtt adr. The air which feeds the fire is supplied from 
u external source, and thus all draughts are prevented. 

Improved grate for the chimney-piece, exhibited by 
Mr. Thomas, of Church Street, Paddmgton. 

238 OuESTON & Chapman, 147 New Bond Street — 

Manufacturers . 

White marble statuary chimney-piece, with carved foot 
&nd tnuBc^. 

Bright polished steel register-stove, with rich or-molu 
«raaments, in style of Louis Quatorze. 



Bright polished steel fender and fire- irons en suite. 
Improved portable vapour-bath, with cloak complete, 
in a japanned box. 

239 Prideaux, Thomas Stmes, 2 Garden Road, 
St, John*8 Wood — Inventor. 

Dwelling-house grate, consisting of a simple plan of 
feeding at the bottom, by which smoke is prevented, and 
economy attained. 

[Dr. Franklin designed a stove to turn on a centre, so 
that when requiring fuel it could be reversed, fed, and 
placed again in its proper position. The smoke from the 
fresh fuel, having to pas^ through the burning fuel above, 
waa converted into fiame. — S. C] 

Model of a patent steam-engine boiler, capable of sup- 
plying a great quantity of steam in proportion to its size 
and expenditure of fueL 

Model of a patent machine for cutting agricultural 
drains in clay soils. Also adapted to land requiring 
minute subdivision. 



240 BuTTEBLEY, RiCHARD, Greenhill, SheffiM — 

Manufacturer, 
t. Patent Irish hook. No. 3, cast-steel blade, elastic 
back; rivetted. 

2. GL B. sickle, cast-steel. No. 4; coarse cut. 

3. Improved elastic sickle. Its lightness, strength, and 
elasticity have given it an advantage over every other 
kind of sickle, which has been fully proved. Exhibited 
for special inspection. 

4. Elastic cast-steel Andrew hook, large size, combining 
lightness and strength. 

5. Elastic cast-steel Kent sickle. No. 4; very light, 
with sufficient strength. 

6. Scotch sickle-hook, shear-steel. No. 0; cut to the 
point. 

7. Small grass-hook, universal. No. 0; shear-steeL 

8. Bright Russia sickle, elastic cast-steel, No. 2. 

9. Bean, or brushing hook, elastic cast-steel, No. 2. 

10. Kendal hook, shear-steel. No. 4. 

11. John Bull sickle, elastic cast-steel. Exhibited for 
its superior qualities, which have been tested by four 
years' hard service. 

12. The Tomlin shaped sickle, shear-steel. No. 4. 

13. Poland sickle, cast-steel. No. 1. 

14. Elastic cast-steel Philadelphia sickle. No. 5. 

15. Elastic cast -steel Yorrack sickle, No. 5. 

16. Shear-steel Hollander sickle, No. 1. 

17. Elastic cast-steel Windsor hook, No. 5; cut at the 
point. 

18. Elastic cast-steel elbowed Scotch hook. No. 3. 

19. Elastic ciist-steel baggiug-hook. No. 0. 

20. Elastic cast-steel 28-inch yowing-hook. 



241 Edwards, David Owen, 5 Sydney Place, 

Broinpton — Inventor. 

Patent "atmopyre" hoods, or artificial embers; they 
are made of porcelain; the gas is introduced into tlie inte- 
rior, and escapes through small perforations in tbe sides, 
1 -50th of an inch in diameter, and when ignited, bums 
with a pale blue flame, and emitting little or no light, 
in a few minutes the mass becomes red-hot. They thus 
constitute, when used in the aggregate, a solid fire. 

The inner case, iu which this artificial fire is contained. 

An example of a complete atmopyre, adapted to the 
heating of apartmenta. 

A kitchen range of porcelain, adapted to bring into use 
the atmopyre hoods. 

[Chemists have long cmploye<l gas burnt in the manner 
described for the purposes of the laboratory on a small 
scale. By covering a cylinder of copper H-ith wire gauze, 
and discliarging coal gas into the lower part so as to cause 
it to unite with a certain volume of atmospheric air, a 
gaseous mixture is produceil, which bums over the wire 
gauze with a blue lambent flame. The perforated hoods 



Ci-AM 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, ft 25 to 27 ; (I. 9. ft P. 3 ■ 



of poroeUin, in tho invontiiin deBcribed, ire the repretflii' 
tatiTea of the chemiabi' wire gauze, iritb the advuiUge, 
for heating purposes, thitt they retain & poKion of the 
beat doTeloped b; the caiubiiBtion of the mixture of coal 
gaa and n'r. which is ronuu-fcablf inteDie. — R. E.] 

242 WniTMBE & Cbapiun, 18 FencKvrch Faildmgt, 

70 St. JuhnSlreet, and 11 Ray Strttt, Clerktnv^ll 
^- Han itfactii ren. 
Regirtered mill for grinding coffee, with uiti -friction 
wheel to carry the flj-wheel. Coffee-mill, of different 

UniveiW com-crunher, for brauiiig oat«, barley, malt, 
beaiu, peas. Unwed, ftc. i the aame, with an extra mill 
attached, to grind barley meal. 

Flour-mill, with French bean stores and dreming 
mafihine for grinding and dreaHing fiour at one openttion; 
the aame, with iteel mill and dnming macldne. 

8moke-j*ck for roosting meat, jtc- 

243 F«PB.WiLUA>, ft Son, eO&Hl fd^nroTvffff., and 

Urme Foimiry, Liuon Orott ~~ InveDtore and 
Haoufacturen. 
Patent double-action rarefying atovoa, ornamented. 
Section, showing the internal arrangemenla. 



24:U SarawiN, JoIePh, 21 iVurion Foignte— 
Hanubcturer. 

Rconomic range and supply cistern, hot closet, 
kettle, tea-kettle, bath, and bath stove. 



244 CaooK, WiluaK, 5 CnnuAn street— ln\eatoi and 

Manufacturer. 

Hotplate, oven and boiler, kitchen range, and improved 
outiiide movement smoke-jack, with dangle movement 
and cradle spit. 

Tailon' stove; a larger number of irons can be heated, 
with a smaller quantity of fuel, and in leas time than by 
the ordinary stove. 

245 CoRSELL, T., Messrs. Pectham's, Cliford Street, 

Bvnd Strft't — Inventor and Hsnufacturer. 
Model of a cooking appfiratus, to be used either with 
coal or gas. Suitable for club-housea and other largs 
eetablishments. 

247 BCBTON, WiUJAM Sakdel, 39 Oi/<ir(f 51. — Inventor 

and Manu£iurturer. 
New nautilus register atove. Fender, and chimney 
piece for the same. See the cut below. 

Kegiititred ornamental fenders. Sundry metal wares. 




248 Warkimb Geoboe, IS Anmdel Street — Inventor. 

Oas stove for oooking, made of Ers-clay enamelled, 
wbicb retains and radiates the heat and causes a nving 
of gas. 

Oas bath for heating water sufficient for a large bath 
in ten minutes, at the cost of one penny. 



I RAgiitpT-stovv. 

249 Omions, John Cou-inowood, 63 Bradford Street, 
Birmirvjfuim — Manufacturer. 
Pair of 43-inch smith's bellows. Pair of 36-iiich smith's 
bellowi, with galvaniaed iron work. 

Improved portable forge, complete, with vioe. 
House bellowa, fancy satin-wood. Mahogany and 
japanned bellows, different patterns. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND ORATES. 

. N. O. IH TO 20, 4 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 T 



.29. 



26*1 Castwucbt ft HiBOHi, 1;IS & 139 Ortal Charla 
Strvrt, ffirBvmfMam — DeaignerB uid HmiiifactureTB. 
El«:tn>-plate oa tiermoa BtWer :— Waiter. Rovolving 
li<)<wor-fTiune. Antique cruet-frame, tuppnrted by dol- 
phiw. Cruet -frame. Salad or fruit«tandH. Butter- 
oHileio. Sugar-baakets. Gg:g-fnuae. Inkatand. Cake and 
fruit badL«t. Cud-buketa. Small flower ataDda, &c. 



TUTIAB, StNCXL, 1 



' /fm Canal Stnrrt, 



251 



of ballcnra, >a roHowa: — Alhainbm, ara- 
OBhiue. and ntahogany, in red morooco; Chiueae, maho- 
gaoj. American birch, bncj walnut, in green morocco; 

Ipcar-trse, is pnce morocEo; and a fine article, in neat's 
B»tbar; with a common article, adapted for the export 
trade. 

2t>2 Stoker John C, Mctummth Street, Birmingham— 

Rcgwt«r«d watar-dloaet, fitted in maboganj' case to ei- 
liil>it the working of the apparatua when fixed. Cabinet 
vat«r-clcwet, made of china and eoithenware : manufac- 
^uldon Place, 
it gives a reprci 




Ridfnr U Co."! OWnrt W»t»r-rlo»l. 

Rri-irt«red brnaa tap, c^iablo of bearing grent prenaure 
vith.>iit leaking. 

Itiipmvad ahoo and round valrea, with one flange in- 
"t*»d vi two, the weight and hall being tapped and thretuled 
■ I a>> to admit of new leathering without removing tiie 

:;.■.:( Aujut, Wm., :i2i ConxtUutim Ifill, Hirmliig/imn- 
Huiufnctarer. 

.<.i[anned beHowa, inlaid with pearl, with view of the 
n.;li<-<lral of Nntre Dame, Antwerp. Japanned duHt- 
i-.'ilowii, with pearl fiowera, Ootbic shape. Fancy bellow?. 
rliAoibi^rbElUiH-B, roACWooil, cnrTCd. and Frcnch-polishetl. 
Ku-l.iiir hel lows, walnut, turned top. Hahogaoy bellows, 
o-jih brass pipe and nails, French pattern. Common 
kii'-liCD belloWB. Fumigating, or spring bellows, used for 
'i-siis.jing innccta on phuitu, in giirdeqs, hotbouuw, &c. 
Small 'smithK' bellows, with galvanized nsils, mode in the 
'hfijinal London style. Lamp bellows, used for soldering. 

.■^mall fancy lortoiseshell bellows, inlaid with pearl. 
Srijjill fancy bellows, tartan pattern ; one pur covered ^s'itll 
■ufin. Snull dust bellows. Butchers' bellows, used in 
[■uftiuij up meat. Pair of bellows, ninplc wood, scolloped 
i-Lv*. I'air of 24-inch round bellowa, with frame coiii- 
I'l' 



254 OBirriTHit, Thomas F., GB Bradford Sitrtet, 
h irmmijham — Manufacturer. 

Articlee in tinned iron; — Venison dish and cover and 
soup tureen and cover; atamped, no seam or brazing. 
Hiit-waler dish and cover, and spirit-lamp dish and cover. 
Hot-water vegetable dishes and covers; oblong dish- 
cover; oval-dome top dish-covers, and soup tureen and 
cover; no seam or brazing. Oblong vegetable dish and 
cover, gadroon edge. Stamped hot-water plate; the 
same with earthern plate. Oblong tea-um. Roimd 
tett-um. Round coffee-um with filter. Stamped ten 
kettle. Plate-covers, and citra large Albert dish-cover, 
no seam or braziug. 

Tinned iron tea and coffee aervices. Copper-tinned 
cake and Jelly moulds. Copper moulds made by hand. 
Iron moulds, stomped. Hare and curious iron vtampLngs. 
Tinned iron and copper saucepans, no seam or brazing. 
Tinned iron candlesticks. Tinned iron, copper, and 

bmzing. Tinned iron tnhacco box, 

Carey^B Hocla coffee-pots on stand, with spirit lamp, 
each bright and bronzed. Corey's Hecla, for the fire. 
Tinned iron ^^-cup. Iloro and curious iron culinary 
gnoitfl, coated with gln«s. Ornamented toilet services. 

[This costing with glass, a kind of enamel, is a French 
invention, and the powder of which it is compoaed 
is imported; the article to be coated is gummed or sized 
over, the glass-powder dusted upon it, and by exposure 
to heat, or a properly constructed oven or moffle, the 
whole is fuse.1 and coated. 

The specimens of iron stampings are peculiar, as exhi- 
biting the dxictility of the iron, and certain improvements 
in the mode of raising, which la accomplished by proa- 
sure and repeated annealings. — W. C, A.} 



Specimens of cnstors for furniture, as formerly made ; 
Llid of Cope's first patent improve.l castors, having three 
-oilers working i-ound on upright Riiindle, with o con I col 



g n cup-ond-ball lu 



J sc{inmtod to sho 
cnstors. Spcciuici 



Ciunplcto Boriee of socket i 
of viirioiis fMicy patent castors. 

A large plate-coHt'ir, iiseil for large dusting platfomM. 

WimCior pivot-cwtor, hnviiig a pin or pivot actiim 
working downwards in n socket, ojion to slinw the prin- 

Series of patent movements for dreiwing-glasfwB, with 
model, to show the application: the centres arfi imn ImIIh 
working in jointoil frames, and tighleneil by o screw. 

I'atent globular bliurl mountings, with inoilel: the 
action ia a ball compressed in a uioveablo frame act«il 
U]iin by a set-screw, with a clip-guide to keep the eon! 
tight while winding round the barrel or roller. 

Model, showing the application of n patent bedslead- 
brnce by a centre screw conibiiieil with a curved wroutiht- 
iron plate, drawing the posts and irula firmly together; 
the action is inside Iho frnniing, 

Regislcreil niHsic-Btool screw, of which the improvo- 
meiit consists in the screw being encloscil in a case, the 
U|.por i«ii-t of whii'h is lineil with an elastic matorini, 
while in the lower p.Trt the nut is firmly fiicil. 

Uegisterwl Venetian blind, with model, showing its 
application; it is wound up like a roller blind, with n 
rack arol lever; when the lover is released it brings down 
a break on the roller, which regulates the actioii, and 
jjruvciit.' it from falling siiddi'iily, 

>l Essex fire-screens, with bracketx to 



fiit< 



wall. 

Series of different sizes of Hor 






,t hing 



), from the rough-drawn uictal to tlio finish: this 



622 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



[Unttee* 



hinge being made from drawn metal, by machinery, is 
true, and of uniform strength and thickness. 

Specimens of locks, hinges, springs, and iron work 
used in the manufacture of pianofortes. 



256 RoatE, William, Dudley — Inventor. 

Rails, ornaments, hinges of large size, cranks for engines, 
nails, burs or mits for screws, all cast from wrought iron 
scrap from the cupola of a foundry, showing that any- 
thing cast from metals may be cast from wrought iron, 
and its quality for toughness retained. 

[The process of manufacture here alluded to is a patent 
invention of some importance. Hitherto malleable cast- 
iron has been produced by sunrounding the articles with 
powdered iron ore, and exposing them for days to the 
heat of an annealing fumaoe^ By the process here illus- 
trated, old rails may be renmmifactured. — W. C. A.] 



257 Harooitbt, William & Joseph, 209 Bristol Street, 
Biriningkatn — Manufacturers. 

Specimens of brass foundry used by bell-hangers, con- 
sisting of bell -levers, pulls, horizontal and quadrant, some 
newly designed. 

Specimens of brass and iron bell carriages, and of the 
cast iron registered bell carriage (the first made in iron). 
The improvement in the latter consisted in substituting 
wrought iron stands and plates with brass arms to increase 
its durability and protect it from rust. 

Purchase cranks with iron backs, &c. 

Specimens of door-handles, tea-belLs, cornice-poles and 
ornaments, hat and coat hooks and castors, of new and 
ornamental construction. 

Vases in various styles : bronze, electro-silvered, dead 
gold and relieved; albo fitted with improved spring igniter 
for lighting the vesta, matches. 

Plain and ornamental brass boxes for holding vesta 
matches and wax tapers in various styles of finish. 

Plain three-quarter covered cornice-pole, mounted 
complete, with centre ornamented en suite with the 
bands and ends, and with Arrowsmith's patent damask 
curtains resembling cut velvet-pile. 



258 Solly, James, Leabrook Iron and Steel Works, 
Tipton, near Birmingham — Manufacturer. 

Specimens of English iron for conversion into steel ; 
and of various kinds of steel ; and ai*ticle8 of hardware 
and cutlery, made from the steel, namely: — 

Elliptic carriage spring; hand-saws and circular saw; 
files of various kinds. 

Bush chisels and gouges. Carving, dinner, and dessert 
knives. 

Scissors* Pocket and penknives of various kinds. 
Razors. 

These articles are !^>eciinen8 of steel and steel goods, 
made of English iron. 



261 Malins, D., & Son, Birmingham — Manufacturers. 

Brass window -cornices and ornaments. Poles, with 
ends, rings, and brackets. Curtain bands and pins. 
Finger-plates for doors, brass and japanned. 

[The rich dead gold-like colour given to brass work, 
and which haa be^n introduced within the last thirty 
years, waa discovered as the result of an accident. The 
work is first "scaled " (or roughly cleansed) by immersion 
in a weak solution of acid, it is then what is technically 
called "fezzed," viz., the work passed through a stronger 
solution ; " deadening," follows, and this is effected by 
means also of acid, but of such a degree of strength 
that the action on the metal though recognisable is not 
of a violent kind; attention is necessary to this point, 
otherwise the work when finished wLU present a mottled 



appearance ; it is now dried out in saw-duBt, and is then 
passed through acid of ordinary strength and dipped into 
water, of which there should always be an abundance si f^ 
hand, until the acid be removed. The bright parts on 
the metal are produced by burnishing; gall is used in 
connection with the steel burnishers to prevent their 
scratching, and the article to be burnished is from time ' ' 
to time plunged into argol and water. When finished ^ 
from the '^burnisher," it is dried out in boxwood 
dust, and then lacquered. — W. C. A.] 



262 Gray, A., & Son, 9 Wenm^n Street, Birmingham — 

Manufacturers. 

Highly polished steel fire irona, with engraved burnished 
steel pans, and diamond, octagon, and hexagon cut; 
twisted, fluted, and scolloped shanks ; with cut steel, or- 
molu, bronzed, silvered, and gilt, China, glass, pearl, and 
ivory heads. 

Standards for fire irons; with octagon, hexagon, and 
twisted pillars, and horns varied in steel and or-molu. 

''Pokerettes;'* with octagon, sexagon, and twisted 
shanks, and cut steel grips. 

Coal vase tongs; with octagon, sexagon, and twisted 
shanks. 

[Fire irons are produced by fogging out of square bars 
of iron ; the swells and other ornamental parts are formed 
by means of "swages," a sort of mould, one portion of 
which is placed on the anvil, while the other is held by a. 
" willow twist*' in the hand, and struck with a hammer 
until the form desired is arrived at; certain parts are then 
filed ; the round portions are turned in a lathe. The 
articles are case-hardened by laying them in. an iroa 
box, and covering them with animal charcoal, formed of 
burnt leather, hoofs, &c. ; the whole is subjected to the 
operation of a fire or stove until heated to a uniform red 
heat ; the box and its contents are thereafter takan out and 
plunged into water. Polishing succeeds, which is- done byr 
holding tlie article against a wheel, to the circumference 
of which emery is attached by means of glue ; another 
wheel or "bob," with finer emery, gives a higher d^ree 
of finish, and the final and brilliant polish is given by 
hand -friction with powdered iron-stone. The more highly 

' wrought qualities, in which squares, angles, or cuttings 
are introduced, are, after filing, finialied on a soft-metal 
wheel ; the twisted varieties are produced by the forger, 
who, when the metal is heated, twists it into a screw or 
spiral ; the pans of the shovels, &c., are formed by the 
stamp, and perforated by the press; the ornaments and 
studs are produced also by the stamp; they are afterwards 
ground and polished on a soft-metal wheel ; and handles 

' of China, glass, bronze, pearl, Ac, are occasionally intro- 
duced.— W. C. A.] 



263 Hands, John, Prospect Row, Birmingham — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of ornamental stamped brass-foundry; cor- 
nice pole endJs. Curtain bands ; registered designs. Fin- 
ger plates for doors. Pins for curtain supports. Orna- 
ments for cornices and other purposes. Ornaments for 
watch hooks. Holders for bell ropes and ribbons. Frames 
for miniatures or pictures. Coffin furniture; real gilt; 
plated; brass; and improved black, &c. 

[Brass is a composite metal, its base being copper, the 
addition of zinc, in various proportions, transforming it 
into a yellow metal. It is very ductfle, and is capable of 
being drawn into wire, flattened, or laminated into sheets, 
the latter operation being effected by means of rolls, which 
are propelled by machinery. It is in this state that it is 
used by stamped brass-founders. Stamped brass-foundry is 



INCLUDma LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27; O. 9, & P. 8 



W podoead bf DMUU of s "matrix, or die," * "nivarse,"and 
m tMuup. liie "die," formed of steel or cast-iron, ia fixed 
■ Ifftoar acrews to the bottom of the stamp; the "revene " 
I jiiliihed to the hammu-. Piec« of thin braw are ae- 
r laetod and cut to bieb, one of which ia laid on the die ; 
I the hinTner ia raleased, and the "reTeise," which is at- 
taclied thereto, &Us with it, and forces the thin metal 
ibId the matfii. It ia then aonaaled: aome slight altera- 
tion is made in tLe "reverae," by means of which it im- 
wiMi ■ more deeply, b; its action ^m behind, forces the 
fluD pUte into the die, and thereby copiaa accurately alt 
tke details marked therein, Repeated annealings folli 
■id in many inatanoes twenty or thirty blows are given 
before the article ia "brought up," The nature of the 
opomtioD predndea imdercutting. All portii 
" rtom" must be tapering ; the die must also be the 
same. Globular srticlea are stamped 
■oUered together thereafter.— W. a A/ 



264 Lutoani, O., 67 Snow Bill, Birmbigham — 
Uanufacturer. 

Intent doretail locli. tuning one aolid bolt working in 
a doTotall alide, with tjie lock and tumblera themselTes ii 
the bolt, i^ucing the sereral parts of a lock into but tw( 
leading ones, vis., the bolt and frame ; the dovetail, liki 
a wedge, keeps bolt and &ame inseparable, allowing i< 
•till complate action. The key, though small, acts » 
■«U aa a iatge one, and gives equal security. 

Patent dinetail lock, showing the action when fitted. 

Bwstered air-vent cock : wlien the plug is turned on 
for the pnipoee of drawing liquor, the Eur enters the 
o<it<r tube, and psasing thro ugh the plug down the shuik, 
into ibe barrel, caosea the liquor to flow, rendering a vent 

Cofln furniture, in gold, silver plate, British plate, 
liiaiai, and tin ji4iaiuiad, also medal and button dies, &c. 
Intent table fimiitnre, glass movements, window fast- 



265 Abatb, Feux, 3 Kmesl SIrttt, Albany Street— 
Inventor. 

Specimens of a new art, called metallography, whic 
cmuiista in printing and omanienting any kind of metallic 
»nrf»ce«, so that bright letters or ornaments appear as 
though thej were inlaid upon a dork, coloured, or wood. 
like Hurface. This in effected by two different procesaos, 
the one, electro-chemical, and tho other, chemical; appli- 
cable to the painting of ordinary inscriptions, names of 
stre«tii. door-plates, shop-fronts, sign-boards, show-bills, 
ic. : and for printing iliustrations from wood-out en- 
gravings, maps, and any ornamental printing. 

A zinc board, with an ornamental border, and an in- 
scription in the centre. Table of zinc, ornamented. 

J^nc and brans ornamented tubes, for cornice poles. 

Zinc plate*, printed from wood-cut engrai-ings. 

Hiard covered with tinsel, containing the wonts " pro- 
ti^i.pnally registered." 

Three working njodels of macbincF* for smoothing, 
plonine, bumishiug, and ornamenting RheeCe, bnro, and 
tuires of metal or wood. Various specimens performed 
bv the same macbinea upon met-ils and wood. The 
ii"'ve inventions are provisionally registered in Great 
Britain and Ireland, and patented in f ranee and Bel- 

2*i*> Wilkes, J„ /(<>>iN'n^*.(,n— Manufacturer, 

.Specimens of locom'itivc and marine boiler tubes. 
Brass and copper gas tubes, and wire. Sheet brass, 

2<u Bird. A., Zfi-Tiu'ii^Si on— Inventor. 

Hydrotttatie svphon water-purifier, intondeii to \t» 
ilrop(«d intA any vessel containing nater. and the pi]H.' 
dune; down outside, in which position it nets ns a 
ivj'hon. The following cut represents this purifier iii 




The Victoria nigbt-tlght — may be used like candle; it 
bums twenty hours, and emits no smoke. This night 
tight is shown in the following cut. 




Biid'i Vktorli Nighl-Ughl. 

268 WiHToN & Sons, Wi Clereland Street, Bi 
Inventors and Uonufacturera. 

Spoons, tec., in electro -plate, ivory, and pea 
new design. Improved tmnod-iron spoons, exhibited foi 
quality, form, and cheapness. 

Skewers, ladles, shoe-lifts, &c. Taps, cocks, joints, Ssc., 
in broHa and other metals. 

Tablets and name platen, of ne« 
focture. Freeman's lecture tablet. 



of 



material and n 



., Golden S; 



269 Smith, Thomas Hesrv, W Brctn 

■ — Designer and Manufacturer. 

Stove ornament for tho nummcr season, intended to 
supersede the ui^ of p.iper, enclosing tho stove, but allow- 
ing free ventilation. It can also be used where fire is 
not required, and made air-tight by the msertion of i>late 
gbiss. 

Design for a centre ornament for a ceiling (forming the 

iir of the Onler of the (!ai-lor), composed of upwards of 

e thousand imstage stamps. 



70 SiMONiTE, John, 


r..i-eSlnvf Birin 


nqf,n 


m— 


MonufoctiinT. 






Tinned UToiightiron 


culinary utensils 




risting of 


up and vegetable ladle 




rk 


1«»1 plate 


' Ciike turner, anil bn«t 


ig la<lle. 










KtHf 


-bowl, or 


ash-hand basin. 








Improved forged japa 




sto 


e shovel, 



fire shovel- Ualva 
•ought-iron m 
seaming Inrllc, 
Tinned UTOught- 



co,-il shovel. Strong forged kitchen 
vlting laille for |>luinberx; pitch, or 



L iLl.rSTBATKr) CiTALOCITE.] 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 i 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



[Tlik collection of lueful nrticlo" ia roniiufiu.-tiirwl of 
Wrouglit iron, ■nil ia produce'l bir the ordliurf meCliuib 
Of huoEaerlng, awBi^oing, &a. The threa metboda an 
hsn ■howD bj vhiGh auch ntciuila or QtUngi ere pre- 
•nrad, ii>., tiniiiiig, ^noioug, and jitpumiiig. The 
first prDoeai it effected b; pickling the iron to be tinned 
tn a weak aolution of oil of ntriul, vhich remoroi the 
Malee; it is theradter dipped in ool iuiuuodLm: ud roda, 
knd imnuned ia t, both of melted tin, whiuh lulhena to 
Mod fomia ■ protective oooting. The >o<wlleil gulruiiziiig 
JiroceM, vii., coating with liDc, ia effected in a aimiUr 
Way; the irun ia detuwed, and after the ■>![» ooime of 
|irt>oeedlng, i* imnwreed in a bath of bob metal. J^am 
is applied with a bmah, and the article thereafter ia atored 
b> diy." W. C. A.] 

271 BjckmAh k Cuts, -.Hi Wmiam Street A'oriA, 



■a of metal in dice formed of cb 



273 SratHSTOHS ft MtUJ, 23 Jfriry Am ^reet, 
BirmiKgham — Proprietora. 

SpeQineni of poliabed flre-irona, loclia, cheat handlea, 
Miaffisn, percuaiioaciqia,&«., MilliutntionaofcbeapDeea. 

Emboaaing |ii iMf fur atamjiing reompta aiod other 
putniats. Copying p r— M . 

Metallic tokena, cheoka, addiea earda, and labels. 
TbcM metallic tolieiu and arddm medala are used bj 
tmdamen as an advertisiig medium. Veeta and other 
bnua box«. Samples of emboaied and coloured eo' 

Coae of knivw nnd forks, p^ier kluTW, &e., with 
■deera' and famu' feet handlea. 



274 MOORB, Paci, t Co., Great Lider BIrtet, 
Birmutghnm — Hanuficturera. 

Braes atop butt hjngea. Bmw hinges for cabinet, 
building, pianoforte, and ahip purpoiiea. 

Oerman nil»or and ambomed electro-platw! hinges fiT 
ornamental articlB* of furniture, whether of timber or 
papier machd. 

Rolled aboet bnuu elit, showing proceea of making plain 
Mid emboBiwd wine. 

Bnisa locomotive tube, Braea and oued tube. Braaa, 
eopper, and iron wire, round and aquare. Tinned iron 
wire. Wire for borticnltural piirposce. 

Rolled btsM, latten brau, sod bnus polished on ana 
Bide. Pattern brasa «aah ban. 



275 Borne, Tboius, ClereUad Strtrl, Pirmimjham— 
Inventw and Hanufacturar. 
Col1ecti'>n of hiogca for the South -Americau market, 
nod for geaenii pi]r[>»eas. 



27C WoLvensoM, Edwin, 3 AAlm Ttrrficr, /JirmiajAoiB— 
Inventor and Mauufocturer. 
Secure luck, with nn improved detector, and a new 
aombLmition of lovora. If the levers are moved by a false 
key, the new detaotor is thrown, the bolt iieoDmee im- 
muvcablo, and the combined levers amume a poeition 
which renden it impoMible to open the lock eioept with 
-the right key. It id said this took cannot be picked. 

277 Jones, R., ft Sons, Birmingham — MaouBioturws. 

Specimuna of cork-acn>wi, 

278 RowLET, Chables, Se<chall Strett, Birviirtgham — 

HAniifacturer. 

Patent and restored article* : — Shnwl pina, ahirt studs, 

brooches, andiirees-fosteaeni. LiTcry. naval, and military 

tnittons, ehciwiu); the devices and ahielda foroffioeni; alao 

the belt'plates and aword furniture used in the British 



Wire-locji brace buttons and ejelet-holt*. which, from 
lieir coDstruction, prevents the cutting of the threed by 
rhich they are fasteDed. 

Whip and stick handles, with on evor-pointed pandl- 
sea inttnluoed. 
[Buttons of this kind are produced by cuttmg out ths 
blanks from rolled metsl; they are concaved by stamps 
the eyea are solderal on, they are then cleansed, gilt, and 
buniishsd; the imprenion is given by mcona of a die 
attached to a stamp, which oompletos the manulaoture. 
■W. C. A.] _ 

279 Twioo, O.&WlUJAJI, S«<nni.:r Hi//, ;;i™mj4«m— 
Maoufacturera. 
Specimens of buttons, plain, fancy, gilt, p1at«d. for 
livery, military, naval, and sportint; purpose*. Uluve and 
briHW buttons. Fancy mounted j^bus and penrl buttona. 
Steel broucbee and buttons. Shirt studs. 

Registered fastener for boas, victorinei, montlea, gar- 
ters. &c.; and <lreaa pin ia«tener, with elide spring, to 
e a shield on the point of the |nn. 



W WiujAMB, Tboxab, ffedfoBc— Inventor. 
Model of an iron safe. The novelty is lie introduc- 
tion of water round every part of the inner cn*e. The 
construction of tie joint for conveying lie water ia the 
outside door from the body of the safe is also new. 

Mode] of an axle for a carringo, with box complete 
having a hollow perforated arm to the axle which super- ■ 
ledes the wells to the usual oil-boiea; the oil can bo 
lufmiiod quickly at any time, and, &om the arm being 
perforated, the oil is equably used. 



291 PloooTT & Co.. St. Pw-Ti Rpuve, B 
Manufacturers. 
, jcimene of naval, military and livery, phun, ttnej 
gilt, and pUtcil buttons, Olass buttons in groat variety. 
Chased and enamelled studs for shirta. &c. Bronsed 
jporting and other buttons, suitable for coats. Link and 
tag buttons, for foreign markets ; four-hole metal buttons 
for trousers. Medals, coat links, gilt and plated laateneTB 
and slides for drosses. Buttons suitAbie for ladies* and 
children's dreesos. 

The naval, militsry, livery, gilt, plated, and other 

buttons, are made with the eihibilors' improved riveted 

and Boldered bank and ahank. which will neither break off 

become locwo, and is therefore of ifrmit importance for 

all buttons which are required with fsst shanks. 



S2 Hammond, Ttrneii. & Sons, Snoa Hill, 
Birniingham — Manufsct uron. 

Cues ofTariousdcecriiitions of naval, military, sporting, 
and club buttons, gilt, plated, hronxed, &•:, The sporting 
buttons in the centre of these ciues depict the various 
nation^ sports of Europe. 

The centre button eihibits a bu«t of Queen Victoria, 
executed by W. Wyoo, R_A. , and arranged round it aro 
the sporting buttonu before nientioncd. on which arc por- 
tn^yed fox hunting, deer stalking, boar hunting, bitll 
fighting, hear himtjng, wolf hunting, and chamois hunt' 
ing. Id tho aquaFcs around, are arranged a variety of 
chased, euaiuclled, &c., buttons for vests; and the large 
figure of a diamond is composed of numerous deecrip- 
tioDs of Ijvery, club buttons, ha. 

Selection of fancy gilt buttons, suitable for drees coats. 

Assortment of bronzed sportii^g buttons, both in 
^mple and fancifid deiugus. It is uauni (o hnve each 
button of a different pattern to compose a set for a coat; 
a laige number of expensive dies are requiral to produce 

A complete variety of pearl buttons. This articlo 
demands coosidemble skill and pmctlce on the part of 
the artiuui ; and is now one of groat importaucc in tho 
button trade, employing in Rirmingham, where tlioy are 
almost exclusively manufactured, upwards of ZOUU pairs 



j 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



625 



[Thift mother-of-pearl shell is, as ia generally known, 
obtained by direra from the bottom of the ocean; and is, 
in Hct, the oyster in which the gems, usually called 
pearls, are found. The beat description of white mother- 
of-pearl shell, are found in the East Indian and Chinese 
SeaOy and are brought to market chiefly at Manilla, 
Siii|;mpore, and Batavia. The black shell is a peculiar 
species, found in the waters of the Pacific among the 
Polynesian islands.] 



2S3 AsTOW, William, Prmsep Street Works, Birmingham 

— ^ManufSeboturer. 

Florentine buttons, black and coloured; finished by 
stifin machinery. Improved Florentine buttons, with 
sflk backs. Linen and Holland buttons. Covered but- 
tons, in silk, satin, and various materials, coloured. Up- 
bolstery buttons, in leather, horsehair, chintz, moreen, 
worsted damask, tabaret, and figured satin. 

SerieB, illustrating the manu&cture of buttons. 

[In the yearly consumption of material arising from 
the manufscture of covered buttons in a single factory, 
the subjoined quantities of the various textile and metallic 
are used. In the works, 400 individuals are 
I; they are principally women, assisted by chil- 
dren, skilled workmen being employed to correct the 
tools and construct the machines. In 1850, were con- 
sumed as follows: — 

Yvdik 
Of 3-4 Florentine lasting . . « , • 47,865 
Lion skin and woollen cloths .... 162 

Yestiilg £ibric8 398 

4-4 Irish linen - 3,011 

Figured velvets and satins. . ^ • . . 693 

Silks ' . . . 2,126 

Black and coloured satins 1,182 

Black and coloured silks and velvets . 1,017 

Sundries 200 

Strong canvas 20, 587 J 

Silk for silk backs , 3,579 

MTiite linen drill 1,471 J 

Of best charcoal iron weighing per 

superficial foot 4 to 5 oz 514,900 ft. 

Of button-board (paste-board) . . . 33,391 lbs 
65,000 gross of iron brace-buttons were 
made from 2 ton of iron, in measure 

erjual to sup. ft. 32,638 

23,01)0 gross were also made from brass and 

mixtures of copper and plated metal. 
In light steel toys, viz., buttons, clasps, and 
fatftenings for ladies' dresses, were consumed 
upwards of 5 tons of sheet steel. 

V^Tien the cutting-out of the j)arts is performed by band, 
one-third of the material goes to w^aste, o\s'ing to the 
circular f«.>rm of all parts of the button. In this case, 
buwever, it is performed by machinery, which effects a 
vtrr great saving of material. Fifteen machines are em- 
ployed. They are automatic, and work well. — W. C. A.] 

Shell suspender and gaiter buttons, in japanned iron, 
nlTcred brass, silver and gold plate ; with HpecimeriH of 
fotent buttons suitable for great coats. Solid suspender 
util gaiter buttons, in japanned iron and silvered bnuw, 
»ith holes countersunk on both sides. Japanned iron 
nheU jet and steel buttons. These articles are new, some 
being a half, and the others an entire ball of hollow 
ete^rl, cut in various shapes, and polished. Steel dress - 
fasteners and ornaments, plain and fancy cut. 

[The light steel toy -trade, which includes buttons, clniJj.s, 
fastenings, brooches, &c., and which has been revived with 



profit within the last few years, is entitled to a brief note. 
The articles are cut out from sheet steel; they are curved 
by a stamp, and perforated by small tools fitted into a 
press; the small eyes and fittings for attaching pins are 
soldered on; they are case-hardened, and tempered in oil, 
the reflecting surfaces being cut into ornamental arrange- 
ments by soft metal wheels with emery and oil. They 
are next £astened on a revolving table, and a hard brush 
with emery upon it, is worked in a horizontal direction : 
a finer d^pree of polish is given with a softer brush and 
h'on-stone powder; final brilliancy is given by putty 
powder and the palm of the hand. The cutting of these 
surfaces is a matter of taste, and depends much upon 
the art of the workman. — ^W. C. A.] 



284 Hardman & Illife, 38 Newhall Street, Birmingham 

— Manufacturers. 
Buttons, medals, hooks and eyes. The buttons include 
Florentine, silk (hand-made), patent linen, registered 
coat attachers, gilt and plated dress, military and naval. 



285 Neal& ToNKS, 13 Great Charles Street, Birmingham 

— Manufacturers. 

Real stone and fancy glass buttons, for waistcoats; and 
for ladies' and children's dresses. 

Shirt studs in glass, pearl, ivory, and jet. 

Coat loops in stone and fancy glass. 

Ladies' glove bands and bracelets. 

Horses' bridle rosettes in fancy cut glaas. 

[Real stone buttons are formed, as their names indicate, 
frx>m natural substances^ cut and polished by the ordinary 
process of the lapidary. They are drilled with copper 
tools, revolving rapidly in a lathe fitted for the purpose, 
and the tool from time to time touched with emery and 
oil. Fancy glass buttons are made by " pinching." The 
glass is heated. A pair of plyer-like instruments, with the 
fonn of the button sunk in intaglio, is used to give the 
form, and the process consists in introducing the melted 
glass, and preying the two parts together, when a button 
is produced. In some cases the eye is introduced into the 
interior of the glass at the time the button is made; in 
othere, a hole is pinched in the button, the eye introduced, 
and rivetted with a small collar on the surface, which adds 
to the ornamental appearance of the fastening. Other 
varieties of glass buttons are made by taking sheets of 
coloured glass, the back of which has been '* quickened" 
(coated with lead), in the manner of silvering, cutting it 
into small squares, equal to the diameter of the button; 
the comers are taken off" by clipj)ing. The back of this 
vai'ioty is formed of metal, cut out in the manner of 
"blank.-?," to which the eye is soldered by hai'd solder; 
the gl{\fis is heated, the "quickening" melted, the inetiU 
back also being tinned and lieutcd, the two pai-ts ai*c place<l 
together, and a jimctiou is efiected by the ordinary adhe- 
sive ])roperties of the solder. The button is finished by 
grintling the edges, surfaces, &c., and likecuttings are given 
by the ordiuiU-y glass cutting and polishing process. GloRti 
rosettes, for saddling puq>08es, are produced in the same 
way. The two colours ai*e given by cutting through the 
coating of coloured glass to the colourless flint glass, 
which forms the foundation. — W. C. A.] 



/St) Chatwin, J., & Sons, 02 & 03 Great Charles Street, 
Jiinniiujhnm — Manufacturers. 
Sani[)les of buttons — silk, fancy, and plain; patent 
braided edge, rich velvet, &c., with specimens illustnitive 
of the process of making. IJy this pn»cess a covered silk 
button, with a strong woven bniid or edging, is made with 
less than half the silk f<.)rnierly required. A selection of 
fancy, gilt, patent eloctro-platcd, and patent linen buttons. 

3 13 2 



Clam 22.— QENEBAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9. & P. 3 T 



Uphobrtcrara' Mid coachauOtBrs' nails for 
coTflred in the iiuue w»y an ooYBred buttone. A nelection 
of black and white pearl buttona ; bronze, fuicjglas*, and 
Cox'a patent horn buttone. 

287 Banks, Gdwakd. iii^imflAnm— Manufacturer. 
Hotber.of-pearl nbella uaed in the manufacture of 

buttonii, Hother-of-pearl buttons, for Imliea' draeaea, 
guntlemau'a overcuata, coata, Testa, ahirta, &c. The 
material in from the Oulf of Peraia and nthcr placM, in- 
cluding the Soi>l»o Islaudfl, the aborea of vhich afford 
the largeat and ftueat yvt diacovered. 

288 FREAnoH, JoHH, '711 street, ninninghnm— 

Proprietor lUid Manufacturer. 
Hooks and eyes to fHsten ladiea' dreeaee, &c. 

289 Knuwl™, H., lluirard Street, Birmmgham— 

Manufacturer. 
Oold'plated enamellud buttons. 



90a Long, Jobepb & Janes, & Co., 20 Little Tower 

^■(rtrl—lnventorB and Patenteen. 
Patent curriliDcar window blind pulley, by which the 
ird can be regulated to ite proper point of t«naii>p, 
itbont ita ilipping back or being stTnioed too tight. 



291 Phill:f», HenhT. 118 L'nitt Street, Bir 
Hanufacturer, 
Gold and ulver guard cbaina, broochea, brat 






liagiiim— 



Gold ever jKiiutal pencila, with aolid gold mount*, aet 
with real stouee, an<l omamentwl with varietiea of n»e 
engine-turning, engraving, and cliaaing. 

Gold evBr-i">inted ]>encilca»e, engiBTod with Her 

M^eirty'e lunui quarter™ widi H.R.H. Prince Albert'*, 

" ' of the pencil suruiotmted with the royal crown, 

L ruby; thia caae containa an OTer-poin(«d pencil, 

penliulder, toothpick, balf-aover^gn gauge, a letter ami 




KDroDOii.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N, 0. 18 TO 20, & 26 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



627 



SLouUr articlee in silver, electro-plated, and nickel 
nlrer of vmrious styles, with balances accurately graduated 
for Tarious scales of postage, coins, &c. 

The fountain music-writer, in electro-plated and nickel 
alrer, for making crotchet or quaver dots with speed, 
umfbrmity, and accuracy; with a penholder. 

Royal Albert pocket requisites, an ever-pointed pencil, 
penholder, and penknife, m silver and electro-plated. 

Silver single and double roiral ever-pointed pencils; 
elongating or telescope pen and pencil ; and sliding pencils. 
Gerxnan silver ever-pointed pencils and pencases. 

Penholders in silver and electro -plate, mounted on 
ebony, ivory, P^*^^i <uad porcupine-quill handles. 

PodLet escritoires, made of a metallic body covered 
with leaAber, oontaimng a letter balance, with penholder, 
inkstand, steel pens, and other useful articles. 

Electro-plated and nickd-silver spoons, forks, ladles, 
batter-knires, fish-carvers, sugar-tongs, meat-skewers, 
&c, in plain, fiddle, threaded, and Victoria patterns. 

Electro-plated and nickel-silver snufif, tobacco, and 
piptf-boxes, pipe-cases, &c. Silver, electro-plated, and 
nickel-silver fusee-boxes. Brass and japanned pipe and 
tobaooo-boxes, and tobacco pipe-cases, &c., in various 
styles. 

[The class of articles here described exhibits one of the 
peculiarities of the Birmingham trade, viz., the variety of 
different manipulating operations carried on at one manu- 
Eactory, and the attempt to adapt the articles produced 
to a great variety of different purposes. Pocket escri- 
toires, containing within the size of an ordinary pocket- 
book all the materials for correspondence, pens, ink, 
paper, wafers, &c., present a curious contrast with the 
name class of articles in use a few years ago. The 
introduction of German silver has materially facilitated 
the production of the smaller class of articles, such aa 
(•encilcas^, penholders, &c. Pancilcases are formed of 
aumdril-drawn tubes, that is, tubes which are drawn 
thr«)ugh a steel hole, and their external dituueter sup- 
ported by a steel mandril. Tliis is cut to the necessary 
ler^h, and adorned externally by engine-turning or some 
dher prucee**. In ever-pointed peucilcaHes (which have 
iKtw alm<^ entii"ely superseded the older kind), the 
fitting of the magazine at the top, the combinatiun wliich 
pnxiucea the ever-pointed action, gives employment to 
many artizan^. — W. C. A.] 



2'J3 Allen, F., Birmiiuj/iam — Manufacturer. 
Silver and gilt filigree work. 



2l»4 OooDE & BoLAND, 24 St. PauVs Sqmrc, 
liinniivjham — Manafiicturers. 

Patterns of guard-chains, bracelets, Albert chaiuB, 
uecklace8, brooches, and rings. 

Si»ecinienfi of jewel lerj', chains, &c., manufactured from 
the raw material. 

Sam]>le8 in the rough and siibBequent stages. 

Specimens of blood -atone, alit by a self-acting machine. 

[Slitting of stones b effected by means of a disc of Hoft 
\if>u called a slicer, which revolves veiy nii>idly, and is 
o(.'',^u»iQually touched with diamond-dust. This exhibits 
the {KiTTuiox of a soft substimce cutting a hard one. A 
eteel file is rea<lily cut by a soft inet<il disc. — W. C. A.] 

21»5 Smith, Kjsip, & Wright, 105 Jirkrly Street West, 
JJimi iryfkitm — Manufacturers. 

Buttons of gold, silver, copijer, brass, iron, tin, Icjul. 
zinc, steel, gla>*s, wood, bone, papier-nuxchd, bniss gilt by 
mercurj- and electricity, enjoiielled, silvered, lac<[uered, 
bpjnzed, an<l jai>anned, black mother -of-jKJiu-l shell, whit^ 
mother-of-pearl shell, green ear shell, and green snail 
&hell. 

Registered shirt studs, gold, silver, gilt, pearl chiisetl, 
enamelled, and engraved; also composed in different pm- 



portions of modt of the materials enumerated and desig- 
nated run-buttons, being made of several pieces as con- 
centric rings, so fastened and held together as to form 
one button. 

[The old method of gilding is distinguished from the 
electro process, by the gold used in the operation being 
reduced to an amalgam by means of mercury, which 
readily imites with the gold, and forms' the gilding mix- 
ture. The buttons to be gilt are placed in a pan, some 
of the amalgam introduced, and sufficient nitric acid 
being sprinkled upon them in order to remove any extra 
oxidation; the acid, and lastly the amalgam, is diffused 
over the whole of the metal to be gilt, and the fumes of 
the mercury are evaporated by heat. — W. C. A.] 



296 Walters & Stone, 28 Ludjate mil, Birmingham 

— Manufacturers. 

Lady's mausoleum ornament. Black ornaments, as 
brooches, &c. 

Chatelaine, brilliantly set, containing devices, &c., 
formed with human hair. Human hair worked as brace- 
lets, &c. 

Ladies' brilliant finger-rings, each forming a finger-ring 
and an armlet. Brilliant, mounted as a gentleman's 
finger-ring, pin, and stud. Mounted medals. 

297 BiDDLE, John, 23 Victoria Street, Birmingham 

— Manufacturer. 
Seals, penholders, letter-clips, book-clasps, and mount- 
ings. 

298 Parker & Acott, 54 Bnerly Street West, 

Binnimjham — Manufacturers . 
Good and silver pencils and penholders, of various 
kinds. Oold tooth-picks, seals, and keys. 

299 Balleny, J., Birmingham — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of gold and plated jewellery. Gilt orna- 
ments and toys. Black ornaments. Steel, steel gilt, and 
other 8i)ectacles. 

Cenotaph under a glass shade, '* to the late Sir Robei-t 
Peel," exhibited as a specimen of workmanship in the 
black omiuuent trade. 



300 Alles & Moore, 35 & 36 Great Hampton Row, 
Dirmiwihain — Designers and Mimufiicturei's. 

Vesta match-boxes; cigj\r boxes. Taper-stands and 
lamps; and other fancy articles in metjil. 

Case of medals: — Head of Prince Albert, and view of 
the Exhibition buildhig. Duke of Cambridge, and 
Governesses' Asylum. Frederick Von Schiller. Jenny 
Lind. Cavaigmic. Louis Napoleon. Heads, from Da 
Vinci, Scheffer, &c. 

Metal buttons : — Naval, military, livery, sporting, 
fancy, four-hole, and glove buttons. 

[Vesta Boxes, Medals, and Medal Making. — A new 
branch of niiuiufactui'e haa been called into existence by 
the introduction of the lucifer-match. The stjuare pijjer 
and the round timber box have given place to an eleg.mt 
metjdlic case used for the puqK)3e of containing the 
'* Vestji matches." The mode of production may lie thus 
described: — a mandril -di*a\\Ti tube is t;iken aud cut into 
lengtlis in a lathe; a iwrtion is turned down or reduced 
to fit the IkI ; this is revei-sed, and the end with its rough 
sui-face agjvinst which the match is to be rubl>e<l in order to 
procure a light, is checked, iu. The portion of tube which 
forms the lid is now taken, placed upon a chuck, and the 
hea«l or cover is checked iu, Jifter the marmer of the 
bottom. For certiiin varieties, a small socket is used to 
hold the tai>er. wliich is nutted into the lid; other varie- 
ties are fitted with springs, int»» which the match is stuck, 
the simple att^jmpt at removal pro.Uuing igniti«m. The 
omamentiition is effV-cted by coating the bi-ass with a 



Clam 22.— GENERAL HAllDWABE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 t. 



itiraniuihor luK|uoruf vuiouscotriun, wkicit in 
cut thrqugli in o iieri« of Unoi, cluplHjiii^ floml or ncroll 
devioM by lUDUu of itn einboHBing lunchioe. Tliia mBcluQe 
•omewtutt tneuiblni ■ (untugniihi — ■ cjUnder (if rteel 
opoD whicK Umi jwtt«rD Is (iUf(nivuil u placed » lu to uA 
a^utt tlw (od of ■ long rod, the other eitreniit; of vhicb 
out* away the Uwiuer on the hnm box. Tliw In an ID' 
gcnloiu inuiuitr the pattern od tha uteel ojlioder ia re- 
produced upon the match box. C^^tr-caoea and tapisr- 
ataodi, with magaanM or reoeptaclea to hold matshea, 
dgara, and tappra, an now produced in inunenae nuiabcT* 
hf the aame prooeaa of muDufitctiire. 

The Industrial Exhibition of 1851 bia called into 
raquiKitlon, among others, the Hkilled lalmiir of the me- 
dalliat die-ainter. Ai a conaequeticc, nioilals of all kinda 
and prices ore being jiroduocd. A medal die ia thus 
fonueJi' — Steel of a uniform texture and auitublb kind 
being wloctfld, It ii fot^^, aoflened by anncaliug, and 
the fitce and cheek for tlie collar turned. Tlw deaign 
approToil of. the die^iDker proeeada to cut away thoae 
puta of the graaUwt depth by meana of buulU chioela: the 
more minute details are taken out by graiert, chiael- 
edged, ujd gauged «t«el tools fitted into wood handles, 
very abort, and to fit the palm of the hand. Aa the 
work prooeedi, proofs ar« token in wax: when defective 
in form, the cutting ia corrected, and if deflcient in 
relief, it ia sunk deeper. It will, of course, he borne in 
mind that what will be relievo in the medal ia intaglio 
In tbs dyo. The iuncriptioii in introduced by meone of 
■moll letteT'punchee. Then follows the bardeoiug of the 
die, a atage of the biixiiieaa tbo moat cricicnl, an a defect 
in the ateel will at once be made apparent thereby, and 
the labour of montha rendei-ed uaeleaa in a few minutes. 
If the die aadurei thia, it has only another teat, vii., the 
making of a " hub," or copy of the die in ateet, and uaeil 
for the eotrection of duplicate oojnea of tbo dio. The 
-ilangor in tbia owe arina from the want of uniformity of 
lunlneaa. If irregular, one portion of the original die 
muat nifier, and becomee valueleaa. 

Hedal-moking or stamping is thus carried od : — The 
preoa co(iBist« of a Urge and cloee-threaded ecrcw, to 
the top of which a iar^e wheal ia attached boriKontally. 
The bed of the pren ia fitted with aorews to «cure the 
die iu ita plaoe; when this is done, the collar which 
^vos the thickness of the medal is fitted on, the die 
farming tlie reverse of the me<ld ia attached to the screw ; 
a blank (a piece of metal out out to form tbn meilal) 
is then introduced. Motion ia imparted to the wheel 
"which operatua upon tbe ocrew, a blow is given, and if 
the improssion ia soft and sliallow, n medal is produced ; 
but if deep, repeated blown are given to bring the im- 
pression up. K'beru brouxe or ailrer is the moterud in 
which the mmlol ia to bo produced, as many as :;0 or 
even 31) blows are nuceaaary. The medal is then token 
ont of the preaa, tbe edge turned, and tlie operation ia 
complete.— W. C. A,] 



301 ASTOH, J., 30 St. Fault S-juare, I 
Honufacturor. 
Ornamental ailk, antin. and velvet buttons, drees oi 
meats, and patent linen buttons. 



crest, and ball buttons. 

Patent ailk, velvet, irtin, ¥\ 
linen buttons. 

Pearl buttons with motnllic 



Lval, Rporting, 
l1 patent Irish 



Patent improveil ihoe-«cr«per. 



304 IhciUM. T. Weu, H5 flrooPfeii Sfnvf, Bini>iK0ttaa 
^Dengner and Hanufscturer. 

Specimens of born buttona, illiistrmting the mancToc- 
ture prior to the patent, and the Improvemonta mado 
aJDce ; also materials from wliich they are mode. 

[The nmamentol surface ia given by preaaure in a dia 
when the horn has been softened by heal.— W. C. A.] 



305 Heelet, Jamhi. & Soxs, itovnl Slreet, liimtiBgkaM 
^Uanufactiuers. 

Chatelainn. with various appendages. Sword Iiilt« 
for dress awonls. latchets. Court uid other battona. 
Snuffers. Patent revolving stitnips. Cork^crews^ 
Boot-hooks. Key-rings. Tweeiers. Swivels. Nettiiig- 
vice*. Bracelets. Bivuchea, Shawl- piuo. Waiat-bucUe*. 
Purse-mounts. Slidea aad bwels. Albert chains axA 
keys. Watch-guards. Various keys. Invalid tongs. 
Piuves and various triukets. 

[Steel buckles, formerly much used, as well as buttons, 
punHH. olaaps, keys, ringi, and chains, were nuinubctured 
in grot quantitiea at Binuingham. Some idea may be 
formed of tha complexity of pattern in buttons, when it 
is stated tliat as many as thrise hundred ornamental headeil 
stud* have been counted on a aingle button. St«el guani 
chains have, of lato yeara, been introduced with succea* ; 
the links of these ore cut Out by tbe press, and pierced 
by the same in^trumBBt ; they are than caao-bardened and 
polished.— W.C. A.] 



306 OmKT, Tbomas, Vn fmvJIUI, Birmiugiam — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 

Gold, silver, aiul bronze price mcdaU, mcluding agii' 
cidtiirol, hortieultunJ, botanical, and school medals ; ^s», 
historical and other medals. 

[The art of die-sinking in England has its centre in Bir- 
minghuu, and has reached a degree of unparalleled per- 
fection and of immense importanoe. Tbe art is of bo> 
peculiar a character, and rvquires so much nicety and aui 
large on experience iu tool-craft, that it employs, in tbe 
higher deportments, comparatively a small number of 
workmen, but in the oommoucr, a large number are con- 
stantly occupied. Medallists have always mnked highly 
among the ^e-ainkera of Birmingham ; and the Soho 
works, in addition to a large productionof medak, wer« 
for a considerable period the mint for the copper coinsga 
of the United Kingdom. At present, tha iDedailista of 
Birmingham oiv in full occupation fur the preparation of 
medals for prizes, and in commemoration of great occa- 
sionii. Tbti medals thus produced ore extensively demanded 
at homo, and have also on eitiaurdiuary drcuUtion on the 
Continent, and in distant parts of the world. — R. S.] 



307 CoTTBHlLl, EnwiN, 101 I/mr;/ Street. AMcd, BMr 
FIrniiivjhiint — Inventor and tiUniifacturer. 
Patent climax detector locks, mndo to the keys ; nud 
tfim the peculiar construction of tbe machine 1:^ which 
the keys ore mode, two looks cannot be made alike, ua- 
lees formed from tho keys cut at the some time. Tliey 
con be made to shoot any number of bolts both w^s. 



iNCLTroma locks and geates. 

L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 i 0. 9, & p. 3 TO 2! 



calioD of I 



[Tb«8o improrBDMiitB oouaiBt iu the ik[ 
thraJ, wliicb tnTenw the htok o( tlie 
coUir; > uiiiia[iiiinliin[ bollow thnail ia cui on tfaa buih ; 
■fto- 1^ tnuh hu pMMd thcu tbnada a Bat n left, on 
wludi it tnTsno* or n>*olT«a. Tbia arniigeineiit eff«o- 
tiullj iB euT M the ulucl agiiiiit re nia r a l. — W. C. A.] 

Callings axle without tlie impravemaQts. 

An kile ; patent ula anaa on tbe mail pnociple. 



minQham — 



310 NUR, RltSJUID, 20 Rattll Strrel, Bi 
Pmrirtar. 

I>ia u>d idmII tooli. ^mon uul collar dios. Heilal 
dica. and collar, coio, Mkd offioe-aeiil diea. BuMon and 
■hjok'bole lUea. 

[Uneh of tlie BmnJngliam jewellcty and gli toya are 
prodneed bjr nicuu of diaii or ateel blocki, with im- 
pnBOBB of iiticis to ba iniik therein. Ear-ringi, 
bnMchM, bncelet-EutsningB, hare tbeir ornamental fea- 
tni^ iiiijil iMii 1 in this w:^; the; are tben filled up or 
joiiwd togitber, if mads in partn. 

^ "collar die" ii meant that portion which girea the 
thidBiB of the medal or coin to be (truck. All medal 
diaa an in three parta, vix., the reverse, obrerae, and 
eoUar. Tba imuUer elau of diee are cut in steel entire!;, 
the lai^cr kinda, for braaa-fouadiy and other purpoaua, 
an "kill" or ooTcred with iteel od a faimdalion of iron. 
When indeotationa oocur, the die is what is called 
'■faOend" or bellowed, tad the at^et followa the wune 
In ■ pvaDal thJc&nM.— W. C. A.] 



31 1 JalK»oll, W,, Zlimt»j*am— Manufacturer. 

AnrQ for plaoiahing tin plate. Hammcn uaorted for 
liB aod copper mirk. CrBu-iron, or wireing eUke, Fnr 
tin. OeBcnu awage, to hold diOereot toola for beailiug 
tin. Bid-iron, tor tin plate, and aide atake, for tin or 
copper work. 

Bottom stake, for planiahing copper. Pair of etock 
■hear* and hand ahi*n, for cutiiQ^' tin, copper, Ac. 

Uidel of a tuaing machine, fur raising dish covers, 
1^ inch in acalei 

{Itui; of the requisites for the tin-plate mnking nn> 
cniiDwralsd in theabove collection of nrticles, and tbuugh 
"raising" b; meanaaf "gpinning" and atatn ping has to g, 
^RBt eiteot auperaeded the older methods of tin-plute 
W'Cfcing, the polished aDril. st&keii, or beak-iron, with' 
their comeponding pluiiibed- faced buomera of rarioiu 
fnnua. cannot jet ba diipenASd with. In the new mode 
ofjiroiluctioD, aeam-aoldering is entirely avoidal, "Spin- 
Diw;" imparts to tin gooila a conniderable degree of firm- 
neaa and anlidity with dcuwneaa of teiture. Moulding n 
nill nwenar; in the mAuufacture uf certain nrticles; to 
cfvct thia, stake*, aniilti, and swogea must be put in 
n7|iiiaition. Diah<overa were orieinftlly formed by hsra. 
nwring out of flat ahecU of metal; many of thuni here 
are raised by the stamp, and jiresent a brilliant pulinb. 
T:D-pl»t* making, and t.>ol niaking for the aame, kivb 
TiJiplnvment to hundreds of articuia in and around Bir- 
Eiingliam-^W. C. A.] 



312 



Timnxa, Kichard, S Sonb, I'cr 
- lufactur 



a SIml, 



Specimens of lanicntent' hammer heoda, and liniidleil 
hauiiuerB. Carpentera' aud furriers' tools. Shoemuki'm' 
tuoli. Timber scribes, bond and table vicea, uiirl iiii- 
[r jied ooach wrenchc*. Saddlers' and upholsto^ru' toula. 
Vsiiuns household and other utensils. 



313 Ha:ILT, John, jun., hj Bmul Siretl, Birmuig!niin~ 

Patentee and Manufacturer. 

Patent ornamental noils, bronze, silvered, gilt, Ine- 

qiiered, and oonirHd, princiiully intended for nttnchiiig 



314 Tra, GnoBaE PiEBCV, Sn^m Hilt, JiirmiaQham-^ 
Inventor. 

Specimens of registered root-glsases, with stands and 
supporte, oontnining wax models of hynciuths, to show tba 
use of the Hower support. 

Olaiisee and stands. Registered spring labels for tree 









315 RsrsOLDa, John, Oomh Sail Worla, XewLm Ibm, 

hinniay/uim — Manutaoturer. 

A caso enclosing a card of cut noila, aonaisting of 
apwarda of two hundred distinot varieties of the most 
useful stroDgtha and sizeaj mode of iron, zinc, braes, and 
copper. 

[In thia manufacture, sheets of iron, of the proper tbick- 
ntes, are cut across by a pair of cutting edges which nra 
»et in motion by macbiDerj; the breadth of these atrip* 
is etjuivolent to the length of the nails to be produced 
from them; the atrip, for the convenience of turning, 
is fastened into a pur of grips attached to a wood shank, 
etsting, when in use, upon a support immediately behind 
the workmen. The nail machine consists, essentially, of 
a pair of outting-chiseU or edgea, which work perpen- 
dicularly, parallel to each other; a gauge to detoruiin* 
the breailth of nail; a pair of grips, into whioh at the 
time the wedge of iron fiiils, and where it ia firmly held, 
until the small horicontat hammer strikea it and produce* 
the bead, when it is dropped into a boi beneath. Btad* 
are not headed, but are simply cut out of each other, 
that is to say, a deficiency in the paralleliam of th* 
cutting-eiige produces the head, and prepares for tba 
head of the next brad to be cut there^m. Glaaiers' 
brads being simple wedge-like pieces of iron, without an^ 
head whatoTer, ore produced by the simple ojerationa 
of the cbiecis or outters. When tiicks are blued, tbej 
are done In quantities, by exposing them to heat in an 
oven or mulUe, or upi'in an iron plate. Japanning is per- 
formed by the ordinsry process. — W. C, A.] 

316 Hemn 4 Bhadlet, fAci/wifc, Dinninghain 

— Muuufactiirora. 

Taper wood ecrewa in iron, brass, and copper; iron 

thread scrona for miithinery of every dcscriptiou, and fur 

Taper hand-rail aorewB, adapted for pianoforte- makers. 






work. 



[Screw .making:— Operation 1. From a coil of wire 
placed on a wheel and introduced into the scpew-uiakiug 
machine, a piece, sufficient to fumi a screw is cut off, 
OLUght up, nuil bended; that ia to s.iy, the portion 
which forms tho bead ia cnmpressed into shape, and tfie 
now-called "blank" is ilropt into a receptacle below. 
0]>eration 2, consiats in flattening tlie hmul and aniiioth- 
ing the couutemink, which is performed by the "blank," 
being held in both clams, snd having a small cutter re- 
volving In front and onotlier behind. 3. Shttiug tho 
bead; tho "blank" is placeil in s pair of nippers, which 
ia moveable on centres by means of a laver action, tho 
head U pressed against a suuill revolving circular saw, 
and the slit nuule. 4. Tbreailing is effected by the 
" blank" being introduceil into a pair of clams which ia 
attached to a spindle, the back part of which ia cut tvith 
a worm or tbivad corresponding to that of the screw to 
be cut. and which propels forward the clams and the 
" blank" Bgunst small -toothed cutters, which groove out 
the thread ; throe nmnings down it HuHicient to complete 
the manufacture of an ordinary sized screw. The diSbr- 
erice in the finest thretula nrisea from the shape of the 
cuttera.— W. C.A.J 



317 Juiis, John, RrtlJilrh. ,^m 
Uwiufafturur. 
Spevimena of needlva luiil tliih-h<M>kH. Needle-boiw, 
fVirnubHt. Nt«d]t« nod fldi-hook* in the vuieuti pro- 
<ccu« uf Biimuriuture. 



818 H*WKCffl, JoBN. 22 PrUtrp Strtel, Birmingkani^ 
Manufacturer. 
Wood ncreirs in trnn, brsm, auil cuiipar ; niltrajr, 
coach, nn<l gmlo, maohiiiK 8cn)w«, unl Imlta, 

U19 BaKSR. Oeorck. &Ct>., SH Ciea .'■trrft, HinuimlKam 
— WiTBWoritDts uid HiuiulWcturari. 
Fira-guanls and wiutlow>bliiub. Houn and atabti) 
laiitcnu. RuiihliKht )^nr<l. Nurasry Uinp. Caudle 
akwle. Fnut-I<a«k<it; liuly'ii wurk-Uwkitt. Dish and 
tditte coian. LMttn- raok. Sir Hutii|>bref Davy'* lamp, 
Vurot and othw bird ck)^. Bquiirol-otge. Pl(twer>^t 
■tands. KattrtH» epriagii. lU^ut mm and btw* chuin, 
au/le by machinBiy, with vnrietiea electro (>Jiil«d and 
brniuwd. Spwiiuen^ of wtuviug in iron luul bnuM wire. 
Peg lattice and hare feuw. Domc-b^ eleetru-ptate 
twidted &IV guard. 

^20 CcKWsKV, IlECTOft lilCB., 148 llijh Slrtet, Bordtlty, 
Hear Jlinuui.ihiim — Muiiu(iu.-turer, 
Bpecimona of coffin furniture, in jilMvil gold and Bilver, 
And brnaa and tin japuuiod. 



ti2l 8ix<wx, I'EMnERTON, & SoNS, Him-lmihini— 
Hunufucturera. 
Patent ciu-tdin deaomtiuna; curtaia bands itnd cumii» 

Punilturo for mortice locka in bram, gtasa, chiun. 
whitfl and gilt opal, with metal mountingii gilt and eluctni 

Finger plntea, boll pulli, and bell levera, Uuiquurw) 
bnd bronzed iineDr-plii^. 

Uutai<le bcU-puUi. luUl-door knobn, bell slidw, in llie 
Gothic, EUEabethui, and other nntes. 

Registered doot-kiiackers luiil chaiui. Registered and 
ether lotter-boi pUt«a. 

Qothio nnd Elimbethan work for churches, uonsiBting 
of binges, lock-baodles, eHcutcheons. &i>. 

Letter clips, letter bnlmicea, date tellers, office and 
table hells, uid wax taper stands. 

Sconces of Tarioua deeians for pianofortes, pictures, 
looking gloesen, pulpita, wall brackets, (to. 

I'lain and vrought coat anil hat hooka. Blind luounl- 
Door jwTlen and folding fire ecroen brackets. 

"" " casement slays, espngniolettea 



Bell earriageB, cmnbi, ruid ((Bncml bolt-hanging woi^. 
Registered aUir uul curtain cod«; miniature luid piu- 

turo frames. 

R<^ist«red and other rack pulleys, tassol houkn, roller 

blind euria, table catches and Dutauura. Butt, audothiir 

Socket, flush, ship, and other holts; cnUn.Kloor huukn. 

Round, square, plate, and socket and claw castor fur 
pianofortcH, soba, tables, cboim, &c. L^mp and screw 
pulleys. 

Shop.door bandies, iii ohina. gbua, opal, brass, &c. 

[These contributaoDS form illustratioas of what in tech- 
nicollyknowD as cabinet and geuentl brass-foundry. The 
application of china, and mure particularly gloss, is qui 
lery extensiTe. The introduction of the bran colLir t 
the china mortice knob, of stamped bmse.rouodry in the 
f.inn of drapery and rope work for upholgtery purposif 
and of an ingeniously' constructed blind mounting, wbic 
causes the blind to ascend, initead of descend, is do 
to these eihibitors.— W. C. A.] 



322 CoBNKiBTB, Joii.-i, Verkclrij Strrtl II 
llii-mimihiim — Manufacturer. 
Specimens il]<L»trativo of tho nuuiufacturo of 



Mau, 



A piece of iron, which has been rolled hot into it* 
prenent form, and which is now called a wire-rod. A 
dnw-plate of steel, through which part of this win-rod 
has baen drawn. The part of this wire-ro<l which has 
passed through the dniw-|>late, and is now a piece of iiOD- 
nire. By a repetition of^ this process, iron-wire of auj 
diameter may he made. In the specimen, the diamet«T M 
the wire-rod haa been reduced ^ of an inch l>y one pn>- 
ceea; if repeated fifty times, it would give a wire nJ^ of 
an inch diameter. Piec» of iron-winj illustrative of 
this proceat, from J to nl^i inch iliuuFti.T. 

Pieoe of tologn^ wire, of oharooal-iron. gnlvanised, 
» -J of iron; it i«:wt> lbs. weight. 



drawn from one < 
and a mile long. 

Pteeo of charcoal wii 
tho construction of a r 
Niagara; thia iron-win 
engineering purposco. 

St««l-wire, of variou 
•oft anil hiuxl tinned 
and steel wire. 



: being a portion of that used ill 

spenuon-liridgu near the fidli of 
is used fur wire-ropes and general 



n-wire. Iron 



rioiiB siaBs and farms. Heads and 
points of noilii manufactured by the [lateut process known 
as the Punt de Paris, and used by tho carjienteni of that 
city, and of France generally, which may be nuulu of any 



i.V,W * 



!, Din 



I purt, Darigner. 
Ornamental bronzed and lacquered gas lamps. 




An omomcntsl gas bracket and globe. This gas- 
bracket is repretwuted in the above illustratiou. A 
helmeted head forma the support of the globe and 

Chandeliers, lobby lamps, hall lanterns, &c. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, ft 25 TO 27 i 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



CandeUbis, ginndal«a, ink and flower Bt»ui!j, uid 
vwiuua uUur mraelca. 

BrooB ormBiuaDt— aagle resting mth ita proy on a 
tort 

OnncI boodtdr, glwa fnuDe, bronied— two uauda ore 
mud to ottira tb^uelvia^ tvo herons aupporting pnstite 

SiagVGgnre and triple-fi^re epcrgne. See. 

H ^ jjiriiniM of Pott^ pkteut picture-BUr' ' 
ing. IlB adnutano "^t 'trei^ti, cuutt 
BDuIdiagi ^Aptrinlit; for mitreLng at uiy uigle; the 
book can bs attached on and alide idoiig the back of the 
iroa rail ; > nuietr of deaigni and modes of Gniih am be 
obtaimd, the hook hang in its attachment a aegiuent of u 
circle, more* rovnd tbe Mck oar*e of the rail, so aa to be 
jatanand takanoffat anj point. 

Bronae clock<*tandi — the Chinese dragoD. 

rim aiiiiiiii etand, ad^table al«o for a cbeaa-tiLble, 
mooc-itaod, or reailing eaael. 

Piar of twniD praudolee. Buudoir csjidlastick. 

T^i^ or eper^tie — the crocodile. 

Fknrar >Mk1. Hirror bwne. 



324 OltLOTT, JiMEPH, Victonn H'orfa, BirmiagKam— 
Invsntor and Hauufocturer. 
SperisMmi of mctellio pern. 

[Stcel-pen making majbebiiefiy deacribed us rollova : 

TLe steel is procurad from Sheffield ; it is cut into strips, 

aoA the scBln cvmoTedb; iuuoenion in {ucklo, eompoeed 

of ililute mlphuric acid. It is passed through rollers, 

by irbich it ia reduced to the neceaaary thickness; it is 

then in a condition to be made into pens, aiid is fur this 

pmruae paaaed into the hands of a girl, who is seated 

pros, and who, by means of a bed and a punch c 

(ponding, speedily cuta out the blank. The next sti 

pi tn- in g the hole which terminBtea the atit, and removing 

UT lupitrfluous steel likely to interfere with the clastici' 

ii Ihe pen ; at tiiis atago thoy are amiealed in quaoLitiea 

a muMe, after which, by means of a amall stamp, tho 

luikFT'd name is impreaaed uihio them. Up to tliis stage 

lh« ftitiire pen is a flat piece of sted ; it \a then trans- 

rtmil to KDother claaa of workeni, who, by moiuiB ul 

the prats, make it concave, if a nib, and form the barrel, 

if n barrel pen. Hardening ia the next process : to eflTect 

;bu a number of peas are placed in a sniall iron box Oind 

iDtridiicMl into a muffle; after they become of a uoiforni 

■li-rii red, they am plunged into oil; tho oil adherii 

ii rrmured by agitation iu a circular tin barrel. The 

(nmu of tempering succeeds; and, finnlly, tlio whole 

UT pUced in a revolving cylinder with sand, pounded cru- 

cil<W. or other cutting substance, which fiually brightens 

thrui to the natunil colour of the materiat. Tho nib ' 

inxiind with great rapidity by a girl nlio picks it u] 

I'licca it into a |>air of suitable plyera, and GuisliDa 

■iili a ningle touch on a amall emery wheel. Tlie |>e 

u teiw in a ciaulition to receive the slit, and this ia ali< 

Aids by meana of a premi ; a cliiaol or wedge, witli a di 

^■V. ia tiioil tu the bail of the preM, tlio descending acre- 

Ul t oonwqwBdLng cliisel or cutlur, which [HuweB down 

■iili the Diinutext accuracy : the slit ia made; and the {len 

J fimpleted. The luit stage is the colouring, broi 

LIi;f; this is done by introducing the new pens into 

tulrui^ metal cylinder, under which is a charcoal H 

•ml witching uuruwly when the colour deaireil is ar 

u. The brilliancy is imparteil by means of lac dia* 

a najihiha; the |ien« are immeraed in thin, ami drieil by 

bal. Then follow the ooiinting and selecting. W 

m m«tly employed in the manufacture, witli skLlli'il 

•uitmen to repur and set Ihe tools. Thi'' eihiliit< 

napl'Ts upwards of Ere hundred hands, of which foui 



lifthd are women. Tlio manufactory has been established 
upwBjils of thirty jbots, and has been the means of 
introducing many improvemenlA in the manufacture. — 
W. C. A.J 

25 WiLEI, W. E., & C«., 34 Grail thtmptm Street, 

Birminghnm — Uanufacturera. 
S]>ecimena of gold, ]>alladium, gold and silver, and silver 
pens, pointed with the native alloTa of iridium and os- 
"lium, the hardeat of known metala. 

[Theeo [Jens being formed of metals not acted on 
y the ink, appear almost indeetructible ; their perma- 
ance in uae ia further midntnined by the attachment to 
the point, by soldering, of n minute portion of the 
metals named, which are oitremely hard and durable.— 
W.C.A.] 

326 HiMCKB, Woig, & Co,, Badlingham Stma, 
II irmiiighiun — MonuCioturers. 
Patent self-acting cutting, piercing, and raising-pen 
innohinu. The ordinary preesea are worked by hand. The 
aelf-actingmachiuesoredrivenbyBteam; they cut, pierce, 
and aide-slit two pens at one stroke, performing six pro- 
Specimens of Lilliputian pens complete, intended to 
show the skill of the tool cutter and the jierfectiou of the 
machinery employed. A gniaa of the smallest weighs 
lean than 34 grajns, and con be contained in a Barcelumi 
nutahell. 

Specimens of finished peoa. 

Steel in its rough state, and after it has passed through 
the rolling-mill; BCrap-ateol, from which the pens are 
cut; pens, cut and pioread. Thaothcrprocei«esBiliibited 
in the finished pen. 

Specimens of pierced pena to show the modem improve- 
ments in the art of tool -cutting. 



327 Keu,, a., ft Co.. 28 Summer Roie, niraiiryham— 
Maourscturfiro. 
Steel pons; showing their different forms and ijualiticB, 
with improvements lately introduced. 



328 Mitchell, William, *) St. Fiues&iiia. 
Hiitnintihi an — Manufacturer. 
Metallic pens and peulii'lders. 



320 BahtlEeT, W., & SosH, J!,-J<litrh, nenr I}imuii.jMmi, 
and :)7 Ur.rj/i.iin Stnvl, CYj— Manufacturers. 

Needles of uvory deeeriptiun, with the most iuijiortiuit 
BtapEB in the process of manufacture, from the wire up 
to the fillinbed atnbi, 

Fioh-lloulis, of every description, for sea, river, or lidia 
fishing, with specimeus ludubitiug the diflbrvnt stages iik 
the process of manufacture. 

[Fishing huoka aro formed by siiiiplo toola: n bimdleof 
wire is cut into lengths, nud stmightcneil ; the l<arb is 
fuiTued by a simple hlow with n chisel ; the opjiosito cud 
ia flattened — the barbed end [niinteil; they are then ense- 
liardcneil, the siirfooo being pnrtly acted nn and rendered 
extremely hard, by means of inmierHiiin in hot animal 
cliarcoal. they are PlibsHiuently briglitenert by friction, 
and temiicred; in sums cases they are japanned, in 
others tiuued, but this reCersunlyto the larger sizea, — 
W. C, A,] 

;i:lll CoVLTON, WrLLlAM, & SON, /MWlIf*, IkW 

/ ; inn iiuikim — ManuSicturers. 
Ncwlles— sowiog, netting, knittiiij;, tambour, crochet, 
rug ur civiiet, and chenille. 



632 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 26 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



[United 



Steel meBhes. Sui^eona' needles. Stay, mattress, up- 
holsterers', sail, and packing needles. 

Sail hooks. Bodkins and needles in fancy-work. Har- 
poons used in whale-fishing. 

Spears used in whale, shark, and dolphin fishing. 
Large sea fish-hooks. Hooks for fresh-water fishing. 



331 Hemming, Henrt, JRedditch, near Worcester — 

Bifljiufacturer. 
A general assortment of sea and river fish-hooks, adapted 
for the taking of all kinds of fish. 



332 NlOLLlK & Sneath, 57 Bradford Street, 
Birmingham — BCanufacturers . 

Copper, brass, and iron weaving, of various meshes, 
from 64 holes to the square inch, or 8 mesh, to 22,500 
holes to square inch, or 1 50 mesh. 

Finedrawn brass and copper wire; copper wire drawn 
from a penny piece. 

Strong iron weaving, for kiln floors, smut machines, 
&c. 

Brass wire cloth with seams, as used for paper machines, 
in the manufacture of paper. 

[The extreme ductility of brass is shown in the manu- 
facture of wire. A mass weighing 15 grains has been 
drawn into 181 yards. It is drawn by hand through 
metal holes or plates, soap being used to lubricate the 
wire, in order to prevent adhesion, and to give it a finished 
and smooth surface. — W. C. A.] 



332a Martin & Qrat, Berkeley Street, Birmingham, and 
14 Qough Square, Fleet 5^rtftf^— Manufacturers. 

Gas chandelier, finished in gold colour and "artistic 
bronze." Pattern, finished in artistic bronze and gold 
colour, relief. Gas brackets. 

Two chariot lamps; one britzka lamp; newly-invented 
registered lamps for the interior of carriages, &c. 

Mantel and centre vase lights for gas. 

Candle lamps, hanging lamps, and hand lanterns. 

Toilet furniture, and coal vase, japanned. 

["Artistic bronze "is not as may be supposed, either pro- 
duced by an acid, or by oxidation ; it is simply a mixture 
of colour ground up in turpentine varnish; its depth, or 
lightness of shade, being r^ulated by the addition of 
the blue or yellow colour in use. It is applied by a 
brush, and the powder bronze is touched upon the pro- 
jecting parts. — W. C. A.] 



333 MoBRALL, Abel, Studley Works, Warwickshire — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Specimens of needles. Knitting pins. Polished steel, 
gilt, plated, and steel bodkins. Pattern card of needles 
in the different states of manufacture. 

Specimens of machinery for making needles: — Stamp 
press, or eyeing machine; filing, edding, and curing 
machines. 

[Needle-making may be thus described : — The steel wire 
is cut into lengths sufficient to make two needles ; these 
are collected into bundles, and straightened by a peculiar 
process; the grinder takes a number of these pieces in 
his hand, and causing them to rotate on a grindstone, 
points them; he next reverses the ends and effects the 
same result; they are then cut in two, flattened on the 
end, and eye-pimched either by children or machinery; 
the roughness is removed, the eye smoothed by filing. 
They are then tempered in quantities, and polished by 
being gathered together and made to traverse a horizontal 
hearth or table, some abrasive substance lubricated with 
oil being introduced amongst them : scouring, winnowing, 
and sorting then follow. — W. C. A.] 



334 HoBSFALL, James, Oxford Street, Birmtnghat 
Manufacturer and Proprietor. 

Highly finished steel wire, for pianofortes and other 
musical instruments. 

Annealed wire, used as an under covering of the "new 
patent brass strings," for pianofort^i. 

Plated, japann^, and self-coloured hitch, bridge, and 
other pins. 

Single, double, and treble spun bass strings, for piano- 
fortes. 

Hand and mill -drawn steel wire, for the mannfactnim 
of needles, fish-hooks, &c. 

[The term self-coloured indicates the colour assumed' 
by steel when brought to certain heata, either a straw 
or blue colour. Hitch pins are what the strings are 
hitched or hung upon ; bridge pins are thoee placed on 
the wooden bridge, from which the strings commence 
vibrating; globe, ball, and cone key pins are pins with 
variously-shaped heads, going through the centre and 
front of the key, to keep them in their places. Wrest pins 
are the pins on which the strings are wound in timing. 
— H. E. D.] 



335 QooDMAN, Qeoboe, Caroline Street, Birmingham — 

Manufacturer. 

Patent elastic fine-pointed pins, black, purple, and 
dress. 

Specimens of the various sizes of brass pina, and of 
needles. 



336 Edelstten & Williams, New Hall Works^ 
Birmingham — Manufacturers. 

Pins : the heads and shafts being formed of one solid 
piece of metal, in order to render the head immoveable and 
smooth in use ; made by improved machinery. 

Model dies to show the formation of the head. 

Elastic hair-pins. 

Specimens of iron wire in various sizes. 

[In pin-making the wire is brass (a compound of copper 
and zinc) : it is reduced by the ordinary process of wire- 
drawing to the requisite thickness ; in this process it is 
necessarily curved. To remove this it is re-wound, and 
pulled through between a number of pins arranged 
at the draw, or straightening bench; it is then cut 
into convenient lengths for removal, and finally reduced 
to just such a length as will make two pins. The pointing 
is done upon steel mills (revolving wheels), the circum- 
ference of which LB cut with teeth, the one fine, the other 
coarse. Thirty or forty lengths are picked up at onoe, 
and, as in needle-making, the cast of hand given by the 
workman makes them revolve, and the whole are pointed 
at once ; the same operation is performed with the 
other end. The process of heading is next effected as 
follows: a number of the pointed wires, now cut in two, 
are placed in the feeder of the machine; one drops in, 
\& firmly seized, and, by means of a pair of dies, a portion 
of the metal is forced up into a small bulb, thus, =^ ; 
by a beautifully simple and automatic arrangement, it is 
passed into another, when a small horizontal hammer 
gives it a sharp tap, which completes the head. The white 
colour is produced by boiling in a solution of cream of 
tartar and tin. They are then dried, and passed into the 
hands of the wrappers-up. The preparation or marking of 
the paper is peculiar, and is done by means of a moulded 
piece of wood, the moulds corresponding to those portions 
which represent the small folds of paper through which 
the pins are passed, and thereby held. The pins are then 
taken to the paperers, who are each seated in front of a 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. K. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 T 



batch, to whkli ia KtUcbed ft horiiont&ll; -hinged pieca or 
roB. tb« edge of which ii notched with s correspondiDg 
■miber of mmrb to the number of pins to be stuck ; tht 
^wllutch which holds togethn'thetwo parti of tbeiroi 
ii tckMcd. the pupa introduced, sad a pin inserted at 
tnij noA: the p^Mr is then releued, and the task of 
samimtioii followa, which ia the work of a moment. The 
ppsr of pins is held so that the light strikas upon il 
ttoae defecttTo are immediately detected bj the shadt 
■e taken out, and others substituted in their stand. A. 
maait edict of Henry Vin. held that "do one should 
■bD attj piaa but auch as wen double-headed, oi 
was soldered hst on."— W. C. A.] 



Xii VteM ft Son, Xevinll Street, Birmingham— 
Hanubctuivra. 
SfwimetM of steel peas, and improved steel pen and 
qiiill penholders, in gold, ^Ter, and other metaU. 



_u,3omif,i6 Sea Hull 3tr, . 
Hanufactuier and IWentee, 
Patent self -adapting pens and holder, and steel-pens i 



Zii) KntBIKiKB ft Som, Brtiad Shxel, Binninghani 

DomenicBniupsof the Queen and the Prince of Wales, 
a or-EMilu and bronie.— Hodelled b; John Belt. 
E^Qcatrian statuette of the Duke of Wellington, in 

Ponion of a chandelier in bronze, as designed by Mr. 
Crnier. tor the Pavilion in Buckingham Palace gardens. 

oruuneDtal denign In or-mo)u, ss a bnluntracle for a 
luirraae. Capital, in or-molu, token from the temple of 
Jj[dtcT Staler, at Rome. 

Dmamental bracket, for gas, in or-molu. Candelabm, 
('r la*, in ormolu and bronze. Ornamental scroti and 
•ijrpfiTt, in iron, bronzed. 

Antique tripod and candelabrum, for gas. ■" ' — 

liioe ea^le candelabrum, for giw, in or-molu 
ilrLaliram, in iroo. for gas, bronzed. 

r.'uidelabrum, in the style of Louis Quatoi 



f.r 






; tripod caji- 
™,sii-liglito, 
ae, in bronze. 



&>thic candlestick, 

IJTnamental group, for a letter l>aiajice. 

Antiijue Roman tmcb, in bronze. 

'imiiM, consuttinR of boll, cow, and calf, forming an 
^■tUfl. Qroup of goats, forming an lokstaud. 

I'upid's compoaMS, a watch and thermometer Btaiid, 
i^'tered inkstand. — Oronps of fighting hor«cs. Cupu, 
"Xiuhinthe dork." Rustic Bceoe. Antique caskete. 
>>nit Taiwfl. Ornamental match -hol<ter, " Gipsy figiirofl." 
t'^vltwtick. Climbing-boy. Letter-balance, Jiutice. 
iLknaod, Antique stag. Registered eruamental uutch- 
biilrr. All in or-molu and bronze. Various spvcimoua 

Itc^iiitered station signal, and tail-lamps. Hnod signal 
!«j», in braas. eihibitiug three colours. Double nnrl 
■in.'le zauge, anil portent' tioket-lampe. Registered roof- 
iiia|'. fuT carriages. Lamp ou the old principle. Side 
unl ilouble Hide si^naJ lamp. All for milway purposes. 
''•friaBs lamp*, plain Bilver mounted. Variety of pat- 
trrii of general gas fittings, engine cocks, Ac. 

'Bronze raries in its compoeition according to the taste 
• ! the artist as to the depth of colour or its hardncM; n 
1^ ncellent bronze is tonned by the adilition of -.; uz. 
•J.' '.in to 16 oi. of copper. 



The casting of a bronae statue may thiui be described ; 
the core is made up of brick-work and clay until a rude 
repreaentatioo of the intended work is made; upon this 
the sculptor models, in wax, of the thickness intended for 
the metal, all the details, such as the features, drapery, 
&c. ; when this is completed, it is coated with loam of 
very thin consistency, then follow repeated solid coatings 
of clay, &c., until a shell of sufficient strength to bear 
the pressure of the melted metal is formed; the whole is 
then bound together, heat is applied, the wax is melted 
out, and a space thereby left for the introduction of 
the metal; suitable ruunera are made, aud yents to 
allow the free escape of ur. The metal is melted in 
reverberating furnaces, and, when in a proper condition, 
the plug is witbdiBWB, and the mould filled. After being 
allowed to remain until coo], it is opened, the roughness 
cleansed off, and the statue is completed. The peculiar 
tinge of the hronie la adiuired by eiposure to the 

A bronze of nearly the same tinge is given to brass by 
immemioQ in a mixture of spirits of salt and arsenic ; the 
metal is to be heated previous to this; the article is there- 
after brushed with black lead, and, after being again 
heated, is coated with n lacquer, composed of lac and 
spirits of wine, with a little yellow colouring matter; 
the shade of antiquity is thus imparted in a few minutes. 

The eetablishment of the exhibitors is one of the oldest 
in the trade in Birmingbam ; it has been in existence 
upwards of 50 year«; it was one of the earliest to recog- 
nise the importance of the union of art with manufactures. 
For this, the skill of Flaxman and Chantrey was called 
into requisition; artists, celebrated for their eklll in archi- 
tectural enrichment, were also employed in the modelling 
of balustrades, candelabrum, tripods, Ac— W. C. A.] 



341 Stubces, Richard Ford, 40 B-i-rJ Street, 

^liv/.tk/Auni— SWufiioturer and Patentee. 

Electroplated articles on hwd white meliil. Urns, 

lamps, cHnilieBticks, stands, trayn. frarues, tea and coHVe 

pots, pneumatic coffee filter, jugs. spoon», &c. Tliese 

so as to diminisli labf>ur aud cost; particularly that of 
embossiug and chasing. 

Ids, in a heated 



1 of 1 



atur i 



D play upon 1 



uoulds, wiien filled v 
tiould to contract, ami thus jiiuduce u gniater clcgive of 
haiiiiiess in the fine ports of the casting; the mctol used 
xpaods in cooling. 




Class 22.— OENEBAL HARDWARE, 
L. H. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 






•^aifa' Elecuo PUUdTi 



StuTgn' El(cDo-pU<ea CuidlMjrk. 

— Designers luid MuiuKicturen. 

Specimensor mu^eto-plnte aalver. Liquorfran 
grotesque baiulle, and laiioae msgneto-pUted artit 
hounebold use. 

Mngueto-plato dessert knives and forks, with 
handles, and spoons of new and varioua patterru. 

343 Sm.\.T & LtatD, n Edm-aul Sb-ed, Blnningha 
Deaigners and ManufactureiB. 
Stands for candle, oil. and camphine lamps. Im 
comphine lamp. Cncdelnbra. Gaseliers. Speciu 
cait brass from Bankart's patent copper; and of Ei 
patent camphine. 

345 EdWarim, B., IHniimiham — Mauufiicturer. 

Various gliws inkstanda, filled with hlsok, blue, R 
iuk. Junction inkstand, coutnining black and red 
one vbbsbI. Snfet; inkstand, for use on sUip-board. 
picnl inkstand, with self -closing lid, to prevent evapi 
and exclude insects. 

Bronzed inkstands of cast iron. Cast-iron inki 
' camel reposing," and early Gothic designs. 

Otoss screws, showing the method of manufiu 
welve at once by pressure. 

{The following note, on the Birmingham produ 
may be acceptable in this place. 

A large number of the articles most commonly 
foctuied at Birmingluuu are not produced in oi< 
factories in which Urge capitals mast be employ 



KlKODOM.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, «& 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



G35 



the erection of machinery. Almost all the small wares of 
the dif<tnct are made by workmen, who imdertake, each 
ooe in his particular line, to execute orders received by 
the merchants and agents settled in the town. The pro- 
fitable performance of their contracts, however, calls for 
the employment of a cheaper kind of power than is at the 
command of men who, like these workmen, have little or 
DO c^tal; and this course of business has opened a 
channel for the employment of money in the town, in a 
VMumer which is found to be profitable to those who en- 
l^ace in it, and advantageous to the small manufacturer. 
The plan alluded to is this: a building, containing a 
l^rest number of rooms of various sizes, is furnished with 
& rteam-engine, working shafts from which are placed in 
esch apartment^ or workshop, which is likewise furnished 
with a lathe, benches, and such other conveniences as 
are raited to the various branches of manufacture for 
which the rooms are likely to be needed. When a 
workman has received an order for the supply of such a 
quantity of goods as will occupy him a week, or a month, 
or any other given time, for their completion, he hires 
ooe or more of these rooms, of sizes and with conveni- 
raecM !$uited to his particular wants, stipulating for the 
a<e of a certain amount of steam-power. He thus realizes 
all the advantage that would accompany the possession 
(4 a steam-engine; and as the buildings thus fitted up 
are nnmerons, competition on the part of their owners 
hM brought down the chax^ for the accommodation 
tbev oiler to the lowest figure that will ensure to them 
the ordinary rate of profit on the capital employed. 

At the Mune time as this peculiarity exists in this 
great metal mart, it must be understood that there are 
•ome most extesisive establishments from which many of 
the largest contributions to the Exhibition have been 
received, that contain within their own premises all the 
elements of production. 



340 Lowe, John & He.vry, Clarence Works, DirmingJiam 

— Manufacturers . 

Carriage-Limpa, harness mountings, sadtllers* iron- 
mongery, &c. Adjustiug-iron for dash-lamps, suitable 
for sweeps of carriage dash-boards. Collingo'a patent 
axle. Clarcmce carriage-step. Carriage -roller, bolt, and 
trwid- Drag-shoe. Plain and forked turned swells. 
Fulcrum for gig-shafts. Dog-cart screw, and side iron. 
Head -work, &c. Hunting, hackney, and ladies' bridles, 
breart-jilatos. and steel bits. Snaffles, pelhams, and 
•^irruyn*. Gig and carriage bits, spurs, &c. 

[The manufacture of saddlers' ironmongery is princi- 
pally located at Birmingham, and in the neighbouring 
t.'vni" nf Wolverhampton, Walnall, &c. Its object is the 
pridnction of bits, spurs, stirrups, curb-chains, &c. These 
«v fi>rme<l out of iron and steel, by the ordinary procciw 
of hammering; and are finished by japanning, tinning, 
bumwhing, or plating with brass or silver. Some pro- 
doced for the South American market, are of very 
fuitai^c shape?, and richly gilt ; they difibr from those 
for home use in their massive appearance, the sides of the 
biti» being carved into various designs, and the rowels of 
tW gpurs are made enormously large. When bits arc to 
U plat^xl with metal, they are tinned, and a piece of 
riif^l of >»u£Ficient thickness is wrapped or bent round it 
W pre*?rnre. this is aided by pressing down upon them 
with bumwhers, &c. When the covering has been made 
t'- adhere very closely, the whole is heated, tin solder is 
applied, and the two become united; the final polish is 
given by the friction of buff leather and i>owdered burnt 
rotten-stone. — W. C. A.] 



347 WooLDRiDGE, JosiAH, 38 St. Paul's Square, 
Binnirujfuim — Manufacturer. 

Or-molu door lock and bell lever, designed by T. C. 
Hine, architect, Nottingham; modelled by Joseph Jen- 
nings, James Street, Birmingham. 

Brass bell levers, door handles, hat and coat hooks, 
parts glass and china. 

Brass window stay, self-acting stay; door hinges, and 
book clasp and hinge, by Joseph Jennings. 

Door latch, tassel hooks, and casement catch. 

Brass flush and socket door bolts, window blind pulleys, 
sash fasteners and screws, table fitsteners, bell slides and 
cranks. 

Brass hooks, hinges, handles, rings, and castors of 
various patterns. 

Brass deck light and ventilator, stove ventilators, ham- 
mock hooks, door stay, pin and nut, pin and chain, bolt, 
toy cannon. 

[The or-molu of the brass-founder, popularly known 
as an imitation of red gold, is extensively used by the 
French workers in metals. It is generally found in com- 
bination with grate and stove work. It is composed of a 
greater proportion of copper and less zinc than ordinary 
brass, is cleaned readily by means of acid, and is burnished 
with facility. To give this material the rich appearance, 
it is not unfrequently brightened up after " dipping " (that 
is, cleaning in acid), by means of a scratch brush (a brush 
made of fine brass wire), the action of which helps to pro- 
duce a very brilliant gold-like surface. It is protected 
from tarnish by the application of lacquer. — ^W. C. A.] 



348 HoLDEN, Howard Ashton, 96 Suffolk Street, 
Jiirmm(jham — Manufacturer. 

Plain and chased door-handles, carriage-door hinges, 
mouldings and door-beading, staples, escutcheons, har- 
ness-buckles, mountings and ornaments, railway -handles, 
carriage -beading, hinges and furnishings. 

Chariot lamps, railway buffer, and tail-end lamps. 
Hand signal-lamp, with registered improvements. Side 
signal lamps. 

[Door-handles, whether for ordinary carriages or for 
railway puri)0se8, hinges, buckles, &c., are first cast, 
and the ornamental parts finished by being chased. 
Some, of a more ornamental kind, are produced by a 
union of stamped and ca,st work, the former being attached 
by solder to a foundation of cast brass or iron. Beading 
is formed out of sheet metal, and is drawn through a 
steel hole in the same manner as a tube, but with a plug 
introduced, for the purpose of keeping it in shape ; the 
sprigs by whicli it is uttiiched are inserted at the time 
when the solder is applied to fill up the back. The solid 
moulding is formed by rollers, and is made out of solid 
ductile })rass, the circumference of the rolls being grooved 
to a coiTcsponding form to the 8haj)e of the moulding 
requiretl. — W. C. A.] 



349 Blews, William, & Sons, liarfftnhmwc Street, 
IHnnimjIuim ; and 55 Bartltoloincw Close, Lijiulm — 
Manufacturers. 

Brass candle and ship lamps, the glass pillars manu- 
factured by Messrs. liichardson, of Stourbridge. 

Candlesticks — bnws, and iinf)cn:il metal. 

Imi>erial standard j>eck and gallon mcjisuros, marie from 
the original patterns a^^ supi)liod by the late Mr. liite for 
the Exchecpier, London. 

Wcij^hts — br.iKs, solid, &c. ; and circidar sovereign 
weights from 10<> sovereij;,Tis <U>\ni to a half-sovereign. 

Large bell, in frame, for steum-vessols; and small, in 
brass frame. 

Scuttles — brass, and ship, fitted with LockhearVs jiatent 
l>erforated gbi.sse'*. 



636 



Class 22.— OENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



rilKITKU 



[Bell and candlestick founding and making are under- 
stood, in the Birmingham trade, to go together. The 
operation of casting may be similar, but the composition 
of the two metals is exceedingly different, the one being 
hard, the other pliable and ductile. Bell-metal, though 
composed of two of the softest of metals, viz., copper and 
tin, when united in the proportion of four to one, forms a 
mixture easily broken and capable of producing sound. 
Small bells are cast in sand, those of a lai^e size are pro- 
duced in loam. 

Candlesticks are cast in sand, and made hollow by 
the introduction into the mould of what is called ''a 
core," viz., a piece of sand corresponding in size to the 
hollow of the pillar. Upon his skill in making this, in 
such a manner as to produce uniform thickness of metal 
throughout, depends the success of the workman ; the 
metal must also be of a proper temperature, or the casting 
is rendered useless by the presence of flaws. Candlesticks 
are finished by being turned, and polished by friction 
when in a state of motion in the lathe ; the bottoms, when 
round, are also turned; when square, they are filed and 
polished. The composition of the metal, in this case, is 
copper und zinc, in the proportion of 16 oimcee of the 
former to 8 ounces of the latter. 

Lookhead's patent glass is produced by a roller having, 
on its circumference, projections corresponding to the 
apertures intended, which is made to traverse the surface 
of the glass ; when in a molten state, an indentation is 
made for every projection, and the whole is finished by 
grinding, which removes the extra glass and relieves the 
apertures. It is useful for purposes of ventilation. — 
W. C. A.] 

350 DuoARD, William & Henrt, Upper Priory, 
Bimungham — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Carriage-lamps, full, plain, and fancy, silver and gilt- 
mounted. Silver and gilt-mounted winker. 

Registered collar, full silver-mounted : it requires no 
hames, and can be put on over the neck instead of the 
head. Collar with patent leather silver ornaments, and 
coat of arms. 

New pattern hames, plated on German silver, aztd 
cased on iron. 

Improved pattern of hair horse-saddles, sUver-mounted: 
and with fronts and rosettes. Silver-mounted saddle- 
top. 

Improved shaft-tugs, open and closed. 

Registered, brass-mounted, thiller cart-horse collar, 
** miniature." 



[Rolled metal (brass) is produced by melting the metal 
to be rolled in clay crucibles; when sufficiently melted, 
mixed, and fluxed, it is poured into iron ingots, &c., 
which have been previously smeared with oil. After this, 
the "strip" is passed into the hands of the roller, who 
proceeds to what is technically called ''break it down;" 
then follows the process of reduction. The huge iron 
rollers used in the operation are fitted with screws or 
appliances for bringing their surfaces in closer contact. 
The metal is annealed in muffles, scaled, and pickled 
(cleaned and washed in an acid solution), and in certain 
cases where brightness is necessary, it is finished by 
being passed through bright-rolls. — W. C. A.] 



351 Hetherinoton, T., & Co., 28 Cannon Street, 
Birmingham — Manufacturers. 

Circular chariot lamp, full silver moimted, with engraved 
glasses, and chased edges. 

Chariot five glass lamp, viz., two oval and three bent 
glasses, gilt, full silver moimted. 

The AlbeH chariot lamp, full silver moimted, with 
chased edges, and three stained and engraved glasses. 

The royal crown chariot lamp, full silver mounted and 
chased, with engraved glasses. 

The Prince of Wales lamp, full silver mounted, with 
chased edges, and engraved glasses. 

The chariot lamp of Industry, full silver mounted. 

The chariot three-glass lamp, full silver mounted, with 
engraved front glass, side glasses stained, gilt and ena- 
melled. 



352 Evebitt, a., Sc Son, Birmingham — Manufacturers. 

Brass tubes, for locomotive and marine boilers; copper 
and brass tubes, for gas, steam, &c. 

Specimens, showing the process of manufacture of rolled 
metalfl, and of brass and copper wire. 



353 Bolton, Thomas, Broad Street Metal Works, 
Birmingham — ^Manufacturer. 

Sheet brass, German silver and copper. Specimens of 
the process of manufacture of brass wire, round and 
shaped brass and copper wires, and of tubing. Brass and 
copper tubing ; locomotive and mandril drawn tubing. 
Brass solder. 

[The metal of which brass wire is formed \b cast in 
strips and rolled to the required thickness; it is th<^ 
''slit" into square rods of metal by the operation of 
cylindrical rollers ; the larger sizes of wire have corners 
taken off by being passed through a pair of rolls ; the 
smaller sizes are at once passed through steel draw- 
plates. 

Brass or other tubes are formed from rolled metal, 
which is cut to the required breadth by mesDS of re- 
volving discs ; in the large sizes of tubes, the metal is 
partially curved in its length by means of a pair of 
rolls ; when in this condition, it is passed through a steel 
hole or a die, a plug being held in such a position as 
allows the metal to pass between it and the interior of 
the hole. Oil is used to lubricate the metal; the motion 
is communicated by power, the drawing apparatus being 
a pair of huge nippers, which holds the brass, and is 
attached to a chain which revolves around a windlass or 
cylinder. The tube, in its unsoldered state, is annealed, 
bound around at intervals of a few inches with iron 
wire, and solder and borax applied along the seam. The 
operation of soldering is completed by passing the tube 
through an air stove heated with " cokes" or "breeze," 
which melts the solder and unites the two edges of the 
metal, and forms a perfect tube; it is then immersed in a 
solution of sulphuric acid to remove the scaly deposit on 
its surface, the wire and extra solder having been pre- 
viously removed; it is then drawn through a "finishing 
hole plate," when the tube is completed. 

Mandril drawn tubes, as the name indicates, Bxe drawn 
upon a very accurately turned steel mandiil ; by this 
means, the internal diameter is rendered smooth; the 
tube formed by this process is well fitted for telescopes, 
syringes, small pump-cylinders, &c. 

Brass solder is composed of almost equal quantities of 
copper and zinc; its properties should be that of melting 
at such a temperature as will allow the article to be 
soldered to be sufficiently heated, but yet some degrees 
from melting point. Solder is always used in connection 
with borax, the cleansing properties of which appears to 
facilitate the fusion of the metal. — W. C. A.] 



354 Soutter, William, 10 Market Street, Birmingham^ 

Manufacturer. 
Copper-bronzed tea urns, and swing kettles. Bright 
copper-fluted coal vase, and round or oval kettles. 



KcroDOM.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



63t 



355 HiLL» Joseph, Broad Street, Birmingham — 

ManufetfCturer. 

SpedmeiDB of stamped ornaments, used in the manu- 
&ctore of lamps, chandeliers, &c., made firom sheet or 
rolled metal. 

The metal in its raw state, copper and spelter ; mixed 
and prepared for rolling ; rolled. 

Roo^ shells finished firom the stamp; and from the 
K^dering. 

Shells cleaned from the scale, hy means of aquafortis, 
readj for hnmishing. 

8ix-li^t*body ind arms, cleaned, burnished, and 
koquered. 

Lunps in the finished state. 

[In these specimens, the oxidated or scaly appearance 
of the metal, when undergoing the process of manufacture, 
will readily be detected; the parts at which the soldering 
has been also made, are shown by the brightness of the 
Mam. Tlie glassy appearance at this part, when un- 
etcaosed, arises from the use of the borax, which is em- 
plojed to protect that portion of the brass to be soldered, 
from becoming dirty ; it also acts as a flux, facilitating 
the running of the solder. Immersion in weak nitric 
•cid effectually removes the scales, after which various 
ftrengths of tlie same acid are used until the articles are 
eoiirely cleansed; they are finally dried out in box saw- 
doit, and burnished. — W. C. A.] 



356 WmTfUtL D, Samuel, Oxford Street, Birmingham — 

Manufacturer. 

Varieties of window cornices in stamped brass-foundry, 
with crimson and blue velvet, wainscot and knotted oak, 
rotewoody and white enamel ground introduced. 

Impregnable wrought-iron fire-proof safe, of thick plates 
dovetailed and riveted together. 

Wrought-iron fire-proof book-caae. Wrought-iron fire- 
proof deed-box. 

Wrought-iron treasure chest for exportation, which can 
be taken to pieces for the convenience of laud carriage. 

Wrought-iron fire-proof cabinet, japanned, and suited 
to th«j library, the dining-room, or the office. Fitted with 
Cotterill's patent climax detector locks. 

The above are all lined and filled with a non-conducting 
snbutance, which effectually prevents the contents of the 
box or chest being injured by the heat, even should the 
outer metal be closed to a very high temperature. 



357 LliOTD, Gbobge B., Berkeley Street Tube Works, 
Binmngham — Manufacturer. 

Specimens of lap-welded iron tubes, as used in marine, 
locomotive, and other steam boilers ; the same tubes with 
fittings for conveying gas and water; and for hydraulic 
prewes. These tubes are produced by improved ma- 
tbinery which ensures regularity and accuracy of finish, 
wi they can be made in any lengths not exceeding 15 feet. 



358 Thomas, R., Icknicld Works, Birmingham — . 

Manufacturer. 

Brazil axes. American wedge axes, and hand hatchet. 
Shingling hatchets, assorted |)attems. Cooper's adze and 
ULe. Round and S4|uare eye adze. Mahogany squaring 
ixe. English carpenter's axe. 

Eyed shell and screw auger. Double plane iron. Socket 
chwel. Trowel. Gun and hand harpoons. 

Improved grass shears; and a variety of garden tools, 
to scnt;w into one handle. 

[The articles here exliibited illustrate the heavy steel 
"toy" tratle of Birmingham. The manufacture of the 
axe u*«od by the backwoodsman, of the hoe used in the 
a:;ric«ilture of the tropics, the pick used by the Caffirs of 
the Cape, and the harpoon of the whale-fiahcr, gives em- 



ployment to many artizans in its vicinity. In order to 
convey a general idea of the process by which these 
articles are ** got up," the manufacture of an ordinary 
axe may be selected. A piece of iron is taken, and 
after being heated, is doubled over a piece of steel cor- 
responding in form to the futvu'e eye which is to hold 
the shank; it is not then welded together. A small 
piece of steel which is intended to form the future cutting 
edge, is heated along with the iron back to a welding 
heat, and is passed under a tilt-hammer (that is, a large 
hammer driven by steam or water), which speedily 
flattens it out: it is then exposed to another heat, and 
the eye is completed with the small hammer. The 
superfluous iron or steel is removed at the edge by a 
pair of laige scissors. The process of hardening and 
tempering follow; the grinding is performed on stones, 
which cuts away the iron and discloses the steel edge. 
The "glazing" on emery "bobs" or wheels succeeds, and 
the polishing is effected by means of oil and emery on a 
similar tool. Considerable improvement in appearance 
is imparted by the use of a blue varnish which is applied 
to the axe, and drying in a small stove. "Toy" is a 
technical term applied to an anvil, a hammer, and various 
incongruous objects which are comprised under the 
"heavy steel trade," readily imderstood by the initiated. 
— W. C. A.] 

359 Taylor, Wiujam, 13 Sheepcote Street, Birmingham 
— Inventor and Manufitcturer. 

Original designs for nut-crackers, sugar-tongs, door 
knockers, and improved inside shutter harB. 



360 Wordsworth, John, Birmingham — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 

Model of an economical kitchen range, intended for a 
close or open fire, and for curing a smoky chimney. By 
closing the oven dampers and ojiening the folding doors at 
the back of the range, it assumes the appearance of a com- 
mon oven grate with open fire. 



360a Kenrick, Archibaij), & Sons, West Bromicich, 
Staff ordsh ire — Manufacturers. 

Model of an enamelled Uxnk or cistern, composed of 
cast-iron plates, screwed together with gutta percha joint. 

Model of enamelled water or gas-pipes, and water- 
closet pan, with trap-pipe; dog trough, poultry trough, 
and spittoon. 

Cast-iron enamelled culinary vessels. Registered spit- 
toon. 

Casting of saucepan broken to show the thickness ; 
turned casting previous to being tinned or enamelled. 

Cast-iron butts and patent pivot butts with sections 
showing the construction. 

Frame pulleys; axle pulleys; castors; upright castors, 
side find screw pulleys. 

Casting, showing the mode of arranging nails in the 
mould or flask, by which a great number are produced at 
one operation. 

Specimen of enamelled plate and writing. 

[Tlie application of enamel for the protection of water- 
cisterns, pipes, &c., from oxidation, and for the liiiin;^ of 
cooking utensils, is of comparatively recent date. The 
various materials of which the coating is composed (silex 
being the principal) are reduced to a fluid state: the 
article to be coated is dipped in the mass; a portion of 
the fluid adheres; it ia then subjected to the heat of a 
muffle, and the whole becomes vitrified or reduced into 
a glassy covering, affording an excellent defence against 
oxidation, and a substitute for the protection afforded by 
tinning. — "W. C. A.] 



638 



Class 22.--GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



[United 



361 ToNis, W., & Son, Cheapside, Birmingham — 

Manufiacturere. 

BnuM foundry, &c., coDsistdng of butt, stop, and other 
variety of hinges. 

Ventilators, bolts, bell-cranks, pulleys, castors, chair- 
arms, picture, French pulley, espagniolette and stair rods, 
desk rails, and window fittings. Exhibited for quality of 
workmanship and cheapness of production. 



362 KnrBEiiLET, James, 56 it 57 Inge Street, 
Birmingham — Factor and Designer. 

Manufactured articles, in stamped brass foundry, of a 
useful and ornamental character. These consist of cur- 
tain bands, cornice pole ends, window cornices, cornice 
pole brackets, letter clips, miniature frames, letter racks, 
medidlions, brooches, door furniture, finger door plates, 
bell pulls, &c. In these articles portraits and emblematic 
designs, illustrative of Shakspeare and his works, are 
introduced. 



363 Marrian, Jakes Pratt, Slaney Street, Birmingham 

— Manufacturer. 

Specimens of brass scroll ornament; the centre finished 
in "artistic bronze;" the outer compartments in Floren- 
tine bronze. 

Specimens of naval brass foimdry, consisting of ship- 
scuttles, &c. The grooves for the doors are fitted in some 
cases with cork, and in others with vulcanised India- 
rubber, to prevent the ingress of water. 

Glass deck lights, mounted in brass, with brass venti- 
lators. 

Gun-hole screw valves. Brass hinges. Ordnance metal 
pulleys, with anti-friction rollers. Bracket candle lamp. 

Registered oil and hand lamps, for bracket or table. 



364 Brisband, H., Howard Street, Birmingham — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of mother-of-pearl and black pearl studs and 
buttons, of every description, from the smallest to the 
largest mze known, either for use or ornament. Ladies* 
mother-of-pearl dress buttons, slides, and ornaments for 
dresses, &c. 

[Pearl-button making is thus practised : The blanks are 
cut out of the shell by means of a small revolving steel 
tube, the edge of which is toothed as a saw; after which 
^ej 91^ flatted, or reduced in thickness, by splitting, which 
is aided by the laminar structure of the shell. At this 
stage, being held in a spring chuck, they are finished on 
both sides by means of a sm^ tool : the drilling is efiected 
by the revolution of a sharp steel instrument, which acts 
with great rapidity. Ornamental cuttings are produced 
by means of small revolving cutters, and the final brilliant 
polish is given by the friction of rotten-stone and soft- 
soap, upon a revolving bench. — W. C. A.*) 



365 Atrin & Son, 115, 116, & 117 Barf ord Street, 
Birmingham — Manufacturers . 

Specimens of circular saws, uniform in thickness, tem> 
per, and teeth. 

Case of carpenters* and joiners* tools, containing spe- 
cimens of hand-saws, back -saws, planes, squares, bevils, 
spokeshaves, gauges, saw-pads, tumscrews, brad-awls, 
spirit-levels, saw-sets, braces, bits, augers, gimlets, and 
edge-tools. Specimens of skates. 

[Saws are formed from plates of sheet steel, and are 
toothed not by hand but by means of a press and tools. 
Circular saws have the advantage of being divided in their 
teeth very accurately by means of a division plate; this 
prevents irregularity of size, and imparts smoothness and 
uniformity of action. The larger sizes of circular saws 
are made in segments, and connected together by means 



of dovetails. All saws are hardened and tempered in oil ; 
their irregularities are removed by hammering on blocks, 
and they are equalized by grinding. The several forma 
of teeth do not, as the casual observer may imagine, de- 
pend upon taste, but are those best fitted for cutting 
through the particular section, quality, or hardness of the 
material to be cut. The " set " of the saw consists in 
inclining the teeth at the particular angle known to be 
the best to facilitate the exit of the saw-dust, and thereby 
allow the saw to operate more freely. Iron bars, shaft- 
ings, &c., are cut to length by a steel circular saw, in its 
soft state, the iron to be cut being presented to the saw 
red hot ; the saw rotates at a prodigious rate, and is kept 
in cutting condition, or cool, by its lower edge being im- 
mersed in water. A bar, two inches in diameter, is cut 
through in a few seconds. — W. C. A.] 



366 Wright, Peter, CanstittUion Hill, Dudley— 
Manufacturer and Patentee. 

Vice, with patent solid box, the worm of which is cut 
out of solid iron and case-hardened, thereby rendering it 
as durable as steel. Smiths' anvil. 



367 Aston, John, 20 Dale End, Birmingham — 

Manufacturer. 

Brushes principally for the stable department, including 
horse, water, hoof, spoke, dandy, shoe, cloth, hair, car- 
riage, plate, dish, boot-top, harness, bit, dog, hat, &c. 
Some of the above tastefully worked in various device 
with dyed bristles. Horse toppings and throat ornaments. 
A set of military brushes complete, with horse, shoe, 
cloth, hair, and button brushes. 



367a Aloock, Samuel, BeddUch, near Worcester — 

Manufacturer. 

Artificial baits and flies. Superfine Kirby-bent and 
other hooks for angling. Silk and hair fly-lines and 
spring snaps. Plait silk and silk-twist lines. Plait hemp 
and cord lines. Fancy porcupine, cork, and quill floats. 

Gimp, swivels, and artificial minnows. Furniture lines, 
and a variety of other tackle. 

New ring fish hook, invented by the exhibitor, which 
enables an angler to fasten a fresh hook with the greatest 
ease, being perfectly safe, no tying whatever being re- 
quired. 

368 Warden, J., jim., Old Church Works, Birmingham . 

— Manufacturer. 

Springs, axles, &c. : — ^Waggon spring ; grasshopper spring. 
Cart arm ; the same with patent linchpin. Scotch axle. 
Axles, mail patent, long and short bolts. Collinge'a 
patent axle. 

Patent waggon arm, with brass oil cap. Patent Scotch 
axles, with brass oil caps. Engineers' \'ice. Patent vice, 
with spherical washers. Vice, with solid brass box. 
Smiths anvil. Specimens of faggoted iron. 



370 Mapplebbcr & Lowe, Birmingham — Proprietors. 

Cast-iron chimney-piece, brown oxide (new mode of 
bronzing), with Berlin black ornaments. 

Registered new pattern grate, with reverberating fire 
and ash-pan, fender and fire-irons. 

Berlin black chimney-piece, with figure brackets. 

Black grate, with bright front and moulding, fender 
and fire-irons. Black register grate, with fender. 

Bright grate, burnished steel and or-molu ornaments, 
with pierced burnished steel fender. 

Bright grate, with or-molu ornaments, new ash-pan 
and fender, all of new patterns. 

Fine polished fire-irons, of various patterns and new 
designs. Light fancy pokers, and coal-vase tongs. 

Brown's improved patent economical cooking appara- 
tus, with automaton roasting jack, steaming apparatus, 
cofiee roaster, &c. Automaton jack, without frame. 



Ci-AM 22.— OESEHAL HABDWARE. 
I,. M. N. <>. It* TO 20, a 2r> T<> 27 ; O. tt, ft P. 3 t 



combiuilinii li 

cylinilerH, «n .._ ...__._. 

feat, by whivli ii«trly the wholu of tlio nloric u ab- 

>ti*rt4!i1 iiet'in tlioy siiMr tho uUiuiiipj. 

Hiit-iur stove, beattHl by gwi ; i-ouiitrucUd dd tlio aiune 



(, .t!u*t^InTo 



390 T<aE», Tiiowij, :>:• I>ciu .-'i 

MMiiifkctiirer. 

Ventilating RU i>ti>ve fur lialln, iilinpii. Jtc. It aai 
PTVctal with ui anceiiitiiiK '•' > ilonoendiiig |>i])e, and 
oinilractwl UI to [irevent luiy nitiirn ilrauglit troui Bit 
guialliug the Ruii. 

The lBchelor'« kitclien, ■ pi'ttiiljle oii-kinR iip]mriili 
ulnpteil for pmnll tuniliuti, [lic-uio puiie*, mmrtiuiiKii, a 
otliBn.. 

Bi«i«tere<l oaloriffire. 






:i93 Frost, Heskt, 17 A'lfAiuii* /'/niv— Inventnr niid 

Haiiubctimr, 

Model kitchen firo-plBCO nod cookiiiR appamtu* tnlcii- 

Ute<l to roBfit, hnke, kc, with one aiiiall lin]; und ai>[iU- 

cable to vnriiiiiB other piupcisei'. 

;tS5 Hewitt, H. Rrixbt, .'lilS llijii II.Ji«m—Invvatin: 
Machine for nipidlj cooling ur warming HquiiU, uid 
combioin^ the two procLVsce in one \'08V«I. Of donioutiu 
importance, in ita cajiability of preacrving niilk, creatii, 
lev., from turning sour. 





Jons, 8 i:iiniU-lh 


«r^ 


( ,%wM, 1 


Inv 




d MaoufactiiPe 


Improved 


eRetablecullende 






New l«tftt. 


Bteaiiier. 







397 Pbice, Vincent, 3:1 \V.inl«ir SIrtel, S-hn— 
Invvntiir. DiMi)tner, and M(uiub«tiirer. 

New patent wiuthing-nuichiuc. Suet and herb chopping 
tonchine. 

Ventilator; connistinj; of a pcrfnmtod mebU tube, to be 
pliiced above the window or door, 

I*Btcnt pen-i'luaner. Letter-copying mncbine. A fire- 
RhoTBl with a double bottom. 1'atent fork-cleaning 
machine. New patent invented knife cleaner. 

Port&ble stove for heating flat irunB. couxiating of a 
caat-iroD box, with a sloping IVout and sidog. a grating at 
the bottom to odaiit of draught, and an opening at the 
back to let out the smoke. The ih ins rest on a barround 
the bottom of the atove, and the fuel is put in through 
a small door at the top. 

Newly -invented patent candle -:nu Tern, conaijiting of 
a cylinder in two parte ; the ftnut iiart w filed, and tho 
back part is drawn back with the fcii-e-fiuKer; when thii? 
ifl releafled the two halves are drawn together by a epring, 
and the operation is performeil. 



399 



4 Son, G8 Sm 
Patent japanned plate-war 



//.;( 



-U uiufactiiren . 



400 Keeies, John, 50 liMker Street, CT((jf a— Inventor. 
Portable oven, on a new principle ; it con be used in th 



401 TilobA Son, IV.irrr.rf /.niu-— Manufaeturera. 

Garden engines and syringes, with improvements in the 
pumpe, &c. 

Improved cocks forstonm, hot and cold water. 

Lift and force j>ump ; with highly finished barrel, 
mounted on acaet-iron stantlard. 

Copper bath, enamelled to the appearance of white 
marble, in a mahogany frame, with cocks, for hot, cold, 
and waste water, and fitted with a copper ahower-bath, 
and pump for the supply of warm or cold sbowm. This 
bath with a small stove for heating it, ii repnsentad in 




An ornamental 
Thia is ru|>re«ented in the adjoi 
A co|v(icr coal scuttle of new 
also shown in the cut. Fig. 



'W and simple desi^. 




Copper coal scoops, eiliibiting tho ehnnge» in I 
patteniB during the last 70 yeare. 

Copjier tea-kettles of various patterns, with glasn hai 
and other improvements by the exhibitoTn. 

Set of Btiuidard imperial w-eighta ai 



led ill 



SsHea 



lich requires no fixing. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND ORATES. 
L. M. X. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 T 



.29. 



17 jeint or btaang, Tbo cbAiige uf fnrm wfa 
1 utHlerpies id manufacture, in ahuts'u 
of the VMH at diHerent itagea. 
attKX, GlxtnoE. 1:. f./^r.V:irietSlnvi, Wwlo 

— ManufacturiT. 
r regtitter rtove. XikM of thennomrtur Aa 

kUtlJITDK & SnHKWUBtlBI, IliU-liil'JS — 

D«i^en uiJ Msnufiutureti!. 
>tova, with npen fire ; the iron nuido fi'rjui 
Old UDclted iu Siinmx. 

ike u mode tn pOM towards the front, return 
ue at the bkcli. oRer KpretulinK itoolf uver 
iha tap ; grMt udditiniuJ beat U dcriveJ fr 



ing iiirfoci 



...ple , 






uu. John & William, -''f. ^fN». Cvniicilt 

— loveiitun uiil Miuiufacturera. 
; mppuatu*, detiigiml to rave fuel, 
r, Ja!I». & Son, 8.". ilcunft Slnvl, L'llMunjA — 

liiTeulora uiil Monufiwituren'. 
■•dutiiii; uid reflecting hIovb grate, witli flue 
I Ilie Utek of tlie oiucave front, null Uiuii trum- 
Uat-t ouiuiilil of heat into the aiiortuiont. Tlir 
I (if niinke i' uBectetl tij enuring uearly nil thi' 
enten) tiiE eliiiuncj In poM over the tiru, luul 
all (iiiAutilj. ubstJutoty required fur ciiiubuH- 
M< thnugh the fira. L'omiiiui-I over the crjiu- 
the iftvve in obtajneil by re|-iiliitiu|j thu admin 
' uir which jniMea tliniugh the liix-. 
.eied enffTftviug reiireseati) tbia Jtiive gnito nilh 
,■ fis.nt. *c. 




Itf-atti.'U )i.tak *ife I'.fk. ■■<■■ •'■':■■■ 

■li'«iusiueri Ibe ii|i|>i.'i I 
I otlier bit actri iijimi itj< . 
in uiHier l.wk. Thu ■,..■ nm ■ 
IiT (lie iluiMHuibility ol ■■i-iiin- 1 

le'r-tlier. 

MAXllc HriiWN. Ilnt.-r- [ll'llll"! 

vtn. AiMil-.ToifrALillluiWs.T-l/ 
-i v.-.ki!..'--t..ve. .-.feel Um-. «ill 
•IT ritu-tiii-j iu Ehu nv.:u lUltl f»r 

>■>(».;>'.: ihi' r.j,i..iiiii,' miiv !«■ elU 
-f..(* the lire. With |.r.".\Vmu«ll 



its Aides; wbHi'isu, ou tbo iiHiinl jilau, ouly one Kide buiitn 
th? uren. 1'hii> :ii'|Kinitiu cou lie ukuJ lui :\ clam itove. 
mill, by meann of a winding thcok, caa be cntraclKd bo 
tu to suit tbo HiiuiUi^t afflictive quantity of fuel. By 
nicouH oF 4k &uut veiitilntor. mid n pipe at the Iniuk, the 
peculiar flavour r.f oveu-lmkiil niuiit in removed. The hot 
[ilatu oTor tha oven i» nilii]>led fur the purpozios of Hteniiig 
and ii'Dniug, buiu;; kcjit no hot !iy thu )ieciiliar itnniitnio. 
tion of tlio Hue. The ap^mituii am be uiiule ti> buke 
boil, Htcw, otcnni, and rnHMt nt the aoiuc time, aiiil in 
Ivgc quautitiea. if nccowin,'. It c:in ut.io be luiitle to net 
in DverT rwiiect like an open kitehcu-rungi;, mid effccta a 
I'Uflt Having iu ftml.J 

407 KiKc. S., 1 .•'..«M //.!.«, 
Kegisti!TV>1 ventilating; uiiil 1 

Model of the J,'r>itc, with the eihibit<ir'« iictniif.Tilar 
wedge brictri. nhowitig i<ne cititbuiiuii Huiuko-vuut fiTii 
thefire to topof chiij 

Octangular wi»l;^ I 



Liufy-^bnft, 

iirlekH, for forming circular muoku 



\(\9, McSHBBHIf, MimiKI, :i./''iiiiv.VriV('f, l.iiMrick, 
Iret'iHd — III i-eiito r. 
Tin moik-l of h ni^olcrcd 111011:. nuulc of metnl n 
biix-jiUte iron, fur lieathi); connorvntorieli, kothuusea, « 
public or otiier biiildiiigi'. 



Hum, J.. 



•cilnte^i 



r-,i(-Ini, 



l'ort*bla I 
410 ItrniJATK. JiiHS, .V..(fiii.(A/in.~3Iiuiiifiicturor. 

liegiotur ^tovi' tT.ili-, with regi«tere.l firo-briek baekn. 
+ 11 Htiiiiv, I'LTHH, Hm •;,-:tcSI.. A .v.-r/" «f— I nTcotor. 

l■lnt^llJlH^:™lkillg-^^^s■,.■, for cookiiiR wit li pui gonoratBd 
fmiu hcntdl npirit* ■"■ ■ 




iir„r,'.>i..ii.ii.»i. 
>«l...i-.-.l .i.|r 



044 



CiJiw 22.— GENERAL llAUDWAUE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



UXITED 



Emigraut'ri kitchen, c«)nnected with tho etovo, and con- 
taiuing fryiug-iMUi, HtowiNUi, kettle, platen, and diiiheB, 8cc. 

412 TiPPEN, John, Oiichcstcr — Inventor and 

Muiufacturer. 

M«k1c1 of a new l)e<li}tea((l, coiuitructod so that an invalid 
can be rairted to any reijuireil |>o«ition. 

Model of an improved kitchen range, with two boilers 
ami tafM, oven, Hteaui cloeet, and hot {>lat6, awing vane 
ami Hhiftiug hookn, smoke-jack with cliaina, cradle ami 
bird npita, draw fi*et, fender with slide top, ash grate, &c. 

413 Wallace, Joun, & Son, LcUh — Inventors. 
Model of a {Nitent safety cooking apiiaratiis for Bhi{)8, 

by assistance of which many dishes may be ])reparod at 
the same time, and at a snudl expense for fuel. 

MiMlel of improved ventilator for wann climates, con- 
structed to admit air, and prevent the entrance of 
insects, 8tc. 

414 Stock ER, — , Manufacturer. 
Specimen of metal castings. 



416 Massky, W., & Co., 5» Itaficr Street, and 5 A'wy 
St rat, PortiiuiH S^/mire — Bfanufacturers. 
Stands f<.>r tiowers, of different sL&es, made of brass 
tubing, by hand. 

418 M'Kbnzie, Alexander, ^8 />f Heauvoir Square, 

KinijaUuitl — Maimfacturer. 

Model of condensing engine, scale \ inch to one foot; 
exhibiting tho following peculiarities : — Placing coffer 
valves under cylinder; supplying cistern from the bottom 
by a force-pump; lever for reversing motion, &c.; giving 
motion to throttle valve. 

Instrument for registering motion of all kinds, consist- 
ing of four concentric wheels. It may be marie sus- 
ceptible of small vibrations, in conjunction with a clock. 
It is to register the variations cf H|>eed, &c., applicable to 
paddle-wheels, locomotives, printing presses, gun-car- 
riages, &c. 

421 IIarlam, William, St. J/elen*s, Derby — Designer 

and Manufacturer. 
Specimen of iron church-door hinges, with branches of 
scroll-work, after the early English style. 

422 BoTT & Allen, Mimchcster — Manufacturers. 
Fenton's patent anti-friction metal, in ingot; a substi- 
tute for brass for the bearings of maohineiy, &c. 

The same in casting for railway carriage axle bearings, 
imused; and that has boon in work upon a railway, having 
run a considerable distance. 

The same metal for machinery bearings ; and applied 
to union joints for plumbers* work; to steam-engiuo 
valves; to ship nails and fastenings; to ship blocks, or 
pulleys, &c. 

Dickenson and Falkous's patent equitable gas-meter. 

424 Paddon & Ford, UroicHlow Mccs, Griv/s Inn 

B(hid — Manufacturers. 
Patent wet gas-meter. 

426 BoTTEN, Charles, Cnncford Ptusfvjef Clerkenrdl — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Patent protector gns-meter, for preventing fire-damp, 
and persons from dniwing off tho water, so as to cause 
an iuoorrect registration. 

430 Sparks, John, 12 AtVi^ Street, Tower Hill — Inventor. 

Box for the secure transit of cash on railways. 

Hinge for closing lobby doors. Vulcanized rubber is 
used in placo of a steel spring, and it can be a4just«)d 
so as to suit any door. 

4HI Grant, Donald, Luton Place, Greenwich — Inventor. 

Patent gas-light, perfectly ventilated; the conveyance 

of tho heated jur may be caiTiod on through woo<l-work, 



with the absence of any danger of ignition, within a dis- 
tance of one inch from any combustible material. 

[If a room, 12 feet square and 12 feet high, with the 
doors, windows, and fire-place closed, has a gas lamp 
burning in it, consuming 5 cubic feet of gas per hour, Uie 
light will produce sufficient carbonic acid, in rather more 
than three hours, to be in the proportion of 1 part to 100 
of air, and when in such condition the air is decidedly 
injurious to health. The removal of the products of 
combustion, therefore, at once into the external air, 
should always be provided for. The idea of ventilating 
gas-burners originated with Professor Faraday. — S. C] 

Stove, heated by gas, for baking bread and cooking 
provisions, by roasting, boiling, or broiling. 

Stove that may be heated by either gas or coal. This 
stove gives out ooth rodiateil heat and hot air, kept in 
constant circulation ; a sup[>ly of air from the external 
atmosphere also serves to support and assist combustion, 
and to prevent the temperature of the apartment becoming 
too high for the purpose of a healthy rtvpiration. 

Small model of improvements in the form oud mate- 
rial of fire-flues, calculated to remove danger by the 
ignition of soot and the waste of heait. 

432 Haldane & Rae, Ge»nje Sircet, Liiinburjh — 
Designers and Manufacturers. 
Gas lustre suspended from entwined branches, wliich 
are supported by two rustic pillars ; a variety of gas 
branches being fixed on the pillars. Below, there is a 
wash-hand basin, and models of patent water-closets; 
also registered Ri)iral taps for different purposes; vases 
for gas, suitable for mantelpieces, staircases, &c. 



433 Rickets, Charles, 5 A^jar Street, iS^ronJ— Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 

Qas-cooking range, with roaster, oven, stewing-stove, 
Ac. Apparatus for stewing, bv means of jets of coal-gas 
mixed with atmos{)heric air; tor heating laundry irons, 
hatters' or tailors' irons, and bookbinders' tools. 

Calorific gas stove, for wanning halls, shojie, cLurcb&«, 
conservatories, kc. 

Apparatus for broiling chops, steaks, &c., with jets of 
gas ; for toasting bread, boiling water, &c., with gas and 
air; for heating chemists' spatula, macerating, and for 
sand-baths; and lighting stove fires by means of gas. 



434 Cochrane., J., Greenside Law, Edinburgh — 

Manufacturer. 
Gas-meter, 10 inches diameter. 



435 SiEBE, Augustus, Dcmnark Street, Soho. 

Patent rotatory universal syringe, to keep up a con- 
tinual flow of water. 



436 Rtan, J., 13 Stafford Street, Z>M6/tVt— Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Transparent gas-meter. 

437 Roper, Joseph, Wtt/nn, Lancashire — 

Manufacturer. 
Transparent gas-meter, which roisters the consumption 
of gas to the hundredth part of a toot. 

438 Biddell, George Arthur, 22 MmUpelier Square, 

A'nufhtsbridge — Inventor and Patentee. 
Patent self-regulating gas-burners, made for horizontal 
and vertical attachments. Complete section showing 
their construction. These burners n^ulate themselves 
to all variations of pressure, preventing the flame rising 
above or falling below any height to which they may be 
adjusted. 

[When the valve at the gas-works regulating tho supply 
to the initial main is partially closed, tho flames of all 
tho biuners fall, and when a nimiber of burners are turned 



1NCLU])ING LOCKS AND GIIATKS. 
I.. M. ». O. 18 TO 20. & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 t 



off, thoK) which still renuuu lighted riaa, ualeea in ench 
an tbe atup-«Dcks ■>« altered, or some contriTsnce uaed 
■hich will eoiure a regular height of the flume bj aelf- 
•etiou. Ptobabljr the beat meaug uf effecting this la by 
aiag a " goTemor" oo the >ervice between tbe raaiu and 
(he buraen.— S. C] 

438a SuKima t Sons, 37 BnnhiJe—hivenUiTa and 
ManuGtcturera. 

lUcnt dry gaa-meter, for aBcertaiaiiig the quautity of 
gu ooDsuuted for illumiuaUou or other puipoaes. Tlie 
DoreltT of thia meter coDMita in the applicatiun of ver- 
tkal dia{Jiragms, Tibratiug on vertical aliafla : the use oF 
nnical aeat lemi-rulnting valve, aud the application of a 
peculiar shaped screw and wunn wbeel, by the lue of 
which gaa mny be paiuwd either way tbruiigh the mater, 
without aflccting the regiatratioD of the index. 

The adjoining cut give* a reprisientatiou of this meter, 
i-hiiwing tho interior uf the ;t|>inratuB. 




442 YOUKO, W., 18& 33 Q«<vn S(-w/, Cl^ptide— 

Inventor and Honufactui'er. 

Veeta lamps, on tiipud pedeatal ; and un pillar. Vesta 
reading aod night lamps. Vesta laiiteni. These lamps 
ore constructed to bum rectified turpeutiue. 

Spirit cases, Hitb air-tight stop|ier. 

Vesta gaS'biirucrs, cunstnicted to bum with intemni 
deflectors. 

443 Stfode, WimAM, 16 St. Murtia'a U Grand— 

Manufacturer. 

Gas coukin|{-ruu)^ fur boiling, baking, roasting, aud 
broiling, oil the plan of Alfied King, Ea<|., O.E., of 
Liverpool. 

Thia cooking-raii^^c is shown in the adjoining cut, by a 
frout elevation, with its closets, veutilators, Sif. 



'a 

1 = 






4 


r^n ( " } i' ■> \ I 



;Tlie Witcr-tuetcr, iuveiited by Mr. Clugg in INI,-|, du- 
[«:tii1t^l for its accuracy upi^n the n'ater line rejoiiininj; 
i.—U'<tiuitly at the same level, which evaporutiou ]iruveiited. 
Iny lucleiH are intended to obviate this dercct, and cou- 
'•.'l, vf iiHiving diaphragtiiH, work«1 by the gns piuwing 
fmiu nne side to tbe other, each vibration recording on 
.•'li.ll the iiuontity of ga» that has passed. 

The pmuliaritiea of each kind of dry meter. ooiiHisl 
cliudy in the different arrangementd, aud tho number of 
Ibe diaphragms and itJvcs. — S. C] 



't.'Stt LucuKBiA Stephf.nsom, (iil»l<. 
Manufacturers. 
Sixlight chandelier for gns. 



— Desiguors at 



441 Edge, Thoxu, Great Peter Street, Westmimlcr— 

Uanufacturvr. 

Patent wet gas-meter, with impriivBd Icrcr-v.ilve sav\ 

fluu. ind'"!. and wnnte-water Ikis. S-pnrate iiidt^x mid 

)ner-valve, with Qoat to shon their action moiv cluirly. 



flaa torch attochol to the gns pipe, with flexible tube for 
lighting up the buiiiorri. 

(Ins broiler for cliop^, steaks, do. This brviler is sliDwn 
in the followiiii; cut, vsitli its xliclvcs, djrnjt'rx. gif. 




Gari HtifVe, biniig a liot-air stovd hoate<] by f^ns. Bronze 
e;uulelabra for giic, dcRigned by 1'. C. llardwick, Ki<i|. 
Holly branch nuule uf sheet copper— a luudel for pai-tof a 
canille braiieh or girandole. 

Itiddle'H Hclf-ignitiiig gas-burner, by uhlch the hydrngi-n 
light is iwlapteil to the purpose uf lighting comiiinn coal- 
gas. Railway signal lamp, with jiarabnlic reflector. 

lioviKa luiteut naphtlializcr fur charging ga^ with tlie 
vapour of naphtha. 

[Cual-gns, cliiii'gcd with the vaiwur of naphtha, has iti 
illuminating power nu-vly doubled, in consetpienco of the 
iucroaseJ quantity of carbonaceous matter which it ac- 
quires in ite passage. Tlie cnipluymcnt of coal-gas for 
cooking will sooa Iw iinivcrHair 1'ho eaite and ci-rtaiiitr 
with which the boat from tbu Qame cau be rogul.itcd, ir', 



Cl*ib 22.— general HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20. & 2G TO 27 ; O. P, ft ?. 3 



clMnUnMK, tad \U ecoDomj, aro adTuitages of too gnat 
importaDce to be overlooked. At the proper momeat for 
the cooking, tlie {Cns Ore is lighted, uul the required 
degree of Ue&t obtained at once, and maintained i 
forml; : when the cooking is dune, the fire a turned 
instantly. The namhcr of firei or giu flames can also be 
inoreiued or diininisheil at pleaoura to luit the reqi 
mentiofthecaw.-S. C] 

44-t Fabadav, James, A Son, lU Wanhur Stittt— 
Miuiufacturera. 

Gus chanilvlier, upon Profewor Fanulay'H TentiUting 
prinuijilu, by which the carbonic-acid gua. Hoot, pioiiiture, 
and other iioijoua product*, are carrifd off by tlic de- 
eccDtliug dnui|;ht. Tlio lights are encluaed in glai» chiiii- 
neye, covenicl with [ilatuij of tiiica, and the burnt air 
panes Uuviigh tubes iilong each arm to thobodyiif the 
chundulier, and thence up tlie centre ehoft, to bo dia- 
chnrpjd into the oiwn idr, or uu iuljoiuiu(5 flue. 



445 



DduUFeK, Henry, to&ll CWal l.mi^— 
Doaignei' and Manufacturer. 
Concentmtiug gun-lantp; fur externally illuuti 
ibop-windows, on the |inrnlK>lic ciniatnicliun. 



44() CI.ARK, t(., ft ReSTKLL, T., ' 



I'liml — Dosigne rs 



VaiioiiB loiiipfi and giu-bumcn. 

New locks. 

Bailway pasaengeni' commiinieBtiuu. 

A model of a now principle in cluckwutk: gravitating 
without pendulum. 

The accompanyiag cuts represent tlie varioim lam|M 
adapted for use m hot eliniHten, and for otlier puriuiscs. 
These lamps, except whore named, are intended tu bum 
cocoa-nut, olive, and other oils. 





nt niuuoDd rabk lamp. 



Diuunil Tsble Lamp. 



INCLUDINa LOCKS AND ORATES. 

I.. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. !), & P. 3 TO 20. 







Palhkh & Co., . 



■Dcamllm; furwrvrehmi 



Sulphate, miiriata, carboaate, uid liquor of ammonia, 
ii&phtliit, sic,, eitmcted from the ammoniacal liquor and 
tBT, produced bj tbo diatillatioii of coal. Tha naphtha ia 
far the use of lompa; the ammoniacal liquor ia used in the 
West Riding of York for Bcouriag woollen yarns, djeing, 
&c. ; the sulphate of ammonia for alum, mauure, jtc. ; 
nnd the muriate of ommouiji, carbonate of ammuDia, Sic., 
Cur other purposes. 



449 Rbttib, M., & Sose, .46er*M— Manufacturera. 
Patent diatress signal -lamps, for steamers and sailing 




4:10 HoLOiTE, JaMrB, Ail>.ur .Street F..0I- 
ond port Dexif^or. 
Hegiatered iiuproved hnnil-Bigiial liuiip, to sliow red, 
epn, and white liglits. Anotlier, with tho green and red 
asses revolving inside the case. 

Tail-eud Bigual lamp, for railuityH, nitli bronze head, 
id rei^stercd china reflector. 

ItegiHtered buffer lamp fur engineii, shoning a white 
ligUt. A red glass revoWes in the interior, to convert it 
' ito a danger signal when requireil. Patentglass reflector. 
Buffer lamp, with iiarahuhc reUeetur. 
Gauge lamp fur engines, conetructed to answer also as 
danger hanil-siguiil lamp for engine-drivers, 
Pnttema of liundles, hinged, locks, boitd and oute, 
irtain panels, curtain rods, escutcheons, and all other 
-tit-lea in hanlwaro required in tho construction of rail- 
ay citniages. 



4'll SlllIRK, RlCUAIlD, 1 



'. M.indusU 





•AfW, ,..«/ Ii8 /W*™ //.//, 


Squ'irc — Mn n ufiic tursr. 




/^,n^«— Inventwroi 


d Manufaeturer. 


P;ur of plnted bnsteriui carnage lamiw. P 


ur..fcarriae 


atent self-Benerating ros 


lamps f«r out-door uses. 






ip on tbe same principle, fo 




Railway roof lamp, with new key burner 


.rsimplicit; 


al-ligbt^ *c., and instnin 


eut for lighting the lainpH, 


iu trimmnig. 





048 



Class 22.— GENERAL HxVRDWAIlE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 26 TO 27 ; 0. U. & P. 3 to 29. 



r United 



Railway tail lamp, with moveablo head, intended to 
clear out corroded soot. 

Hand Higual, containing extra large burner. Foot- 
board lamp for carriage. Improved magic lantern. 

Travelling Etna, intended to boil water in three 
minutes. 

Improved lamp for singeing homes. 

452 Smiths & Ck>., Bhir Strwt, /^Tc/mfrun/A— IKssignors 

ami Manufacturers. 

St&tionary railwav-Higiial, lantern, and lamp. The air 
is adniitte<l through holes in the bottom of the lantern, 
an<l clotfo<l during high wimls by a Kliding cover working 
from the outriidc. Tlie lieatod air escapes by a vane 
moving on the top. The lamp has a flat wick, wliich can 
be raised and doprosse<l without making its surface 
* unetjual, and thus causing smoke. The saving in the 
consumption of oil is stated to be nearly one-lialf. 

A lantern and laini> for the head or tail of a railway 
train. The ct^loui's of the light cim bo cluuiged by bring- 
ing coloure<l glosses between the flame and the outer lens. 
The lamp has an argand burner, tirith a new and simple 
plan for fixing the wick-raiser, and preventing the wick 
from shaking down by the motion of the carriage. 

A rail way -carriage roof lamp, of a new construction, by 
which the oil docs notoverflow, tuid the light is kept steady. 

A stage-coach lantern and lamp, with reflectors of acom- 

{>osition metal free from tarnish, and giving a clear white 
ight. 

Hand signal-lamp for a railway, with a red and a green 
slide for changing coloui^i. 



453 BiOGS, Samuel, Fnnw, Somerset — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
Tin moulds for jelly, blanc mange, rice. Savoy cake, 
raised pie, patties, Italian cheese pudding, &c. Plain 
cutters for paste and vQgetable. Root cutters. All uuule 
by hand. 

455 Saundebs, Wm. John, 1 1 Pvlf/gun, CUtrcndun i>f/mre 
— Inventor and Maimfacturor. 
Pneumatic solar lamp for railway signals, lighthouses, 
and domestic purposes, said to be espial in intensity to 
that of gas, adapted for the combustion of common oil, 
either animal or vegetable, and free fnim noxious effects. 



458 Bbioht, Kicuabd, 37 ItnUon Street — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Various lamps. Patent lamp wicks, cistern-top, or 
floating cover, to prevent the action of the atmosphere on 
oil or other liquids. 



459 Childs, James, Brentford — Manufacturer. 

Brass fountain lamp, with four- wick adjusting con- 
centric bmiier, for a lighthouse lantern. 



461 Hughes, John George, 158 67nin</— Proprietor. 

New designs for lamps to bum candles of various sizes. 
Inkstand, bronzed (boy holding torch). Three-light 
candelabra, bronzed. New design for a gem spirit-huup. 
Lantern for a hall. Flower-stand tripod, lac<|ucred. New 
design for an oil-lamp. Candelabra, lacquered. Throe- 
light gas chandelier, fuchsia pattern. 

Model of a marqutSe. 



462 Barlow, James, 14 Kmg Willuim Street^ Mansion 
Hwtac, Cittf — ^Inventor and Manufacturer. 

An illuminator, or vault light, illustrating a method of 
admitting daylight into vaults, ships' docks, undeiground 
apartments, &c. ; the apertures are each filled wiUi a lens 
of pecidiar construction for the admission of light. 

Newly-invented self-acting syphon tap. 



464 Black, Benjamin, 4a SmUh Molton Sttx'ct— 

Manufacturer. 
Ornamented carriage lamp. 



465 Pyree, J. S., & Sons, Ihrrintjton Street^ 

ManufieM^iuvn. 
Bronze tea-urns and swing tea-kettle, of new designed. 



470 Sarson, Thomas Frederick, Leicester — 

Manufacturer. 
Qas lamp, with ornamental construction for ventila- 
tion. 

472 NiHDS, James Stson, Bashw, Blake<£eH — 

Inventor. 

Forms of the " oxidate condensing lamp," for i\u 
economical distribution of artificial light. The burnei 
is constructed to cfibct the combustion of the whole of 
the carbon of the oil, and is said to produce a givat<;i- 
amount of light from a given quantity of oil. The coiu 
mon oils may be used. 

Improved weather lantern, for out-door piu-j>o«i»--*, 
cellars, &c., constructed on the same principle, with 
other improvements; and used for ships, iiulway c<u- 
riages, and other vehicles, as side li^ts, &c. 

474 Hawwns, James, 42 Bow Street, Dublin — 

Manufacturer. 
Circular silver-mounted Clarence carriage lamps, for 
spirit or candles. 

476 DowsoN, Joseph Emerson, 123 Oxford Street — 

Manufacturer. 
CHindy*s i>atent hot-air ventilating stove. The iuterior 
is made of fire-clay, and no surface iron comes in couti&ct 
with the air. The fresh external air is ailmitted to the 
interior of the stove, there wanned to a modenite teui 
l>erature, and then {Missed into the apartment, by which 
a stream of pure wanu air is supplied. 



477 Brown & Redpath, Commercifil lioady near West 
India Pocfa — Patentees and Manufactui'ers. 

Fire hearth, or cooking apparatus for ships' use. This 
specimen will cook for 56 seamen and 30 passengci-s. 
Tlie whole of H.M. steam ships are supplied with these 
hearths, which can be made to cook for 1 ,000 mon, and ore 
iise<l in first-class passenger ships to India. 

S[>ecimens of the most approved lanterns used for 
marine purposes. 

479 Callam, Thobias, r>6 Shore, LcUh — Inventor. 
Model of a ship's cooking apparatus, in various si/.o.'t. 

Economy in fuel is stated to be attained by the use of 
a dampor, moved at the side under the cmmney; thiM, 
when pushed in, closes the draught under the boilers, or 
coppers, as they are technically called, and o|H;ns it at 
the side; when drawn out, the side-port is shut, the main 
flue opened, and the flame makes a circuit under the 
cop]>er8 before reaching the chinmey. Baking, boiling, 
roasting, and steaming may be all {lerfonued at the same 
time. 

480 Searle, Charles, M.D., 51 U«r»/»«o»«/A Street — 

Inventor and Patentee. 

Tubulated solid stove or heat condenser, for warming 
libraries, schools, passages, shops, &c. The heated gasc^ 
of the fire in their passage to the chimney pass through a 
lengthened tubulated solid mass of fire-brick, constitut- 
ing the body of the stove. 

Fire-bricks, with porcelain surface, and in iron casing 
of two forms. 



481 GooDDEHERE, Georoe Thomas, 9 Wellclose Square-— 

Manufacturer. 
Improved ship's hearth, constructed to cook for fifty 
men; containing furnace, so arranged that an admissiou 
of air is obtained between the fire and the oven, to pre- 
vent the latter from being burned through, and to save 
expense in repairs. It will boil, bake, roast, and steam 
with despatch. This hearth is represented in the cut in 
the next page. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND OHATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9. & P. 3 to 20. 




jTliu iii-Mt extravagBOt domeatic apparatus u the ordi- 
BtTf kituheu nuigu, tho quantity of uou-effsctivo ooftl 
oiiuuiiiL'J iicing eiionnouH. Tu prcxluco tho utmiMt 
rlTcvt fi-i>ui fuel, tlio beat luuat be rctniuod in fluuH iiroiiiid 
tbc auliftnnci! to l>o cuukud aa lung on it iiiipiirta hcot, 
•ui'l only HuBbrul to eacuiw by tlio cbimnvy wliun it is twj 
i-.!.l U> In- i.f ««Tioc. Count ItutiironI nays <K«<.iy it. \i. 31), 
" Mnrt f'lcl ia Trajuoutly couauiui-d iu a kiti:ln!u nuiRB to 
f-il u toB-kottlf tliau, with proper mauaguincnt, would bo 
•'ittivivut to cook a good diuuer for tifty men." Tho 
iii<>iVi([>toe aiid fuel «hipa' heartlu cconoriiiiw, tlio nioro 
rffrrtivi- they arc.— S. C] 

Tin' i-niigranW' Iioarth, whicb can bo made to imy *ixc 



4s2 DEFItlGS, NxTRjtN. -lil Uo/tiil A'(m(— luveiitor 
and Patcntvo. 
iJiagmuu', illiii'tratiug a bath beatiil by kiw, gnu works, 
.iiid a aw lui-ili' iif lighting, heating, anil vcutilating con- 

(Jan i<t<j%-ti9 for warming and vcntiLitiug rooiiiH uiul 
)>oililiittni. and fur i:uliuHry pur|KiBi». Ry nicaiiit of olio 
•f tliaw vtovi-H. a jviwin may ruoiit, boll, bake, otuuu, 
..lul iitrw at th-! immo time. 

I'atvnt Kiw bath, by which 4.j giillonn of water may 
l« bmttsi in Hii minutiii. from 4Ii t» M di'Kn.t's Kalircii- 
Wit, at a riH^' of law than •2il. fur gaH. Thbi invention 
<.iiui>ii<t' in (lie B]i(iUcation uf jets off^ aetiiiK >iD iiiettUlic 
I'latm at tlio liottoiii uf tliu bath, by lueanii of a aiui|>lv 

ITIie proctpo' of tibikiiig cuil ffin u thin : Bituiiiiuoii4 
■■>duthrowu iijt^> .1 roturt, hoatod to nilnuHK, aud cloHt'd 
'.i|-. with tliu i!iL'0]>Lii.iu of a pi|« which IcndH the evolved 
■^Mtx and other lulatilo |>r»iliictittotho condeiuwr, where, 
ciuiiii; in contact with cold lurfauLV, certain iinpiiritiiK 
.•IV thrown down. The remaining gaau> then |>»i« thruiif^h 
ibe wrubber, filled with aidiM, or any material pruacnt- 
iiiR ■ Urge iiiirfnce, by which oily matteiv, Ac are si-jui 
ro.d. TliT wji>h-vt-M-t brii^K" the fca-'e- in ciit-u-l n\t]i 
Bat.T, v.-h-ii ».|iil.|<> iio]"ii-ilJv< nre ivmovcd, ih- liiu.: iu 



the purifier finally taking up sulphuretted hydrogen. 

The gu, fit DOW for illumiuatiou, ia Tiieaaur«d by the 
meter, and Btored in the gaa-holder, ftvm whence it ia 
dintributod through tbo street maiua to the bumera. — 
S.C.] 

OsB-works, abowing the whole proceM of gas-iuaking, 
from the retorts to the buroera, illuatrating the paamgu 
through the new condenser; the Bcrubbcr, the washer, 
tlie wet lime purifier, the new rotary dry lime purifier, 
and the dry lime purifier in present use. 

Dry station meter, formed almost wholly of glass, to 
show its action, and thence through a telescope gasometer 
to the street iiuuns, I'atent couservatory, with entirely 
new mode of heating, lighting, and vontilatius coniier- 
vatoriea, churches, and any other public and private 
buildings. 

[Heating by means of a gaa fiame is ecouomic&l, 
cleanly, and safe ; economical, because the rei|uired 
amount of heat can be given at once, and the gas turned 
off when the puqioiio hus been eflected ; cleanly, becaiuio 
there id no dust or osbai; and safe, bocaubo there ore no 






i. C] 



, by which a chitUDsy fluo can 



Tho patent dry gas-motor is coostnicled of all siios from 
one to one thuusond lights; the latter size, which was 
maile for tho now House of Commons, paases ten thou- 
sand cubic feet of gas per hour. 



483 Oabtom & Jarvis, fSxcUr — Inveutora sod 
Manubcturen. 
Improved universal cooking appikratus, or rango-stove, 

including mantelpiece, with oven, hot-cloeot, and hot- 
plate, an<l expnntting and contracting firetilaci), 

Exonian cooking apparatus; oast oven, hot-closet, with 
large ventilata<l roasting-chainber, dripping-giau to draw 
out, hot-jjUte, and ringK and cuvoni for broiling. 

I'ortalilo cottage cookiug-Etovo, with oven, hot-plato, 
boiler, and draw-US' cock. 

Wrought-iron cyliniU-ical bot-houso boiler, Iniii^ a 
cylinder of water with firei>tace in the catitm, and a thin 
sheet of water at tlio end. 

Solar, or convolute hot-houso boiler; is a Kliout of water 
ciiluil in the f'>nu of a scroll, with fire iu the centre, and 
fixcKl hori/.ontatly. 

Ihiuble verticid hot-houao lnuler (cant), with tho fire 
tbo Ihuno, loaviug the lower boiler, iui- 



Mo.lel hot-w 



boi' apparatiix, for worming hot-houseti, 
cuiii'ervatonua, churches, and private roHiduncea. 

Working U10.I0I double-action hydraulic cidor-pruw. 

48(3 Hale. Thoha^i, & Co., /.Vij/iJ— Uo.ignors 
and Mnniifactun.T>i. 

Ornamental audliothic swing gas-lirackotn ; also, nailer 
ntiile ehuulelicrM in brass, bronze, &c. Xew rvgigtcrvd 
deiugiifl. in Untoil glasses, fur tlic same. 

Oius of these onuuuental brackets is xhown in the 
annexed cut. 




G50 



CLA88 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9. * P. 3. to 29. 



UsiTKn 



hour clock bells ; set of house-bells. New plan for steam 
lackering machine, with model. 

Brass and copi»er tea-kettles. A newly-invented kettle 
for warming water, being susi)ended from a bar of the 
grate. New designs for coal 8C(>o]m. 

R^stered copper biith, made to suit the natural posi- 
tion of the btxly when in a sitting posture ; to be heate<l 
by gas or other means. 

Brass figures (a Roman gladiator), bronzed, amd (a 
flying Mercury) in a new stylo of lacker. 

487 Hodges & Sons, />»/'>/i*/*— Manufacturers. 
Copper kettles and lumps. 

48ft LoYSKL, Edward, :i4 Essex Street, Strand — Inventor. 

New coffee filters. The inventiou connists in obtaining 
a vacuum in the coffee-i>ot, without ex|)ense, by tlie con- 
densation of steam. 

Potato roaster of a new deflcription, which may be use<l 
either in the kitchen or in the jxarlour. 



489 Kepp & Co., 40, 41, A 42 Ch'imh^ Street, Cluiriiyj Cross 

— MiiuufocturerH. 
Copper bath, with set of c« ►cks cuiiiplete, and shower- 
bath over. Steamers, for fii«h, meiit, and vegetables. 
Range-worm, or coil of tinned-cop|)er hot-water i)ip(w. 
(yOpper skylight frame. Copper covering for roofs. 
Moulded copper cornice-gutter, with moulded cistern- 
heads and rain-water pipes attached, ilot-water boiler 
for circulation. Double meat-boiler, tinned inside. Dish- 
washer, tinned inside. Moulds for jellies, cakes, &e. 
Brass ornamental lantern. Two ornamental copper vimes; 
the ornamental work raised by himd. Copi)er sa<ldle- 
boiler. Ornamental wrought-copper casement. Copper 
clock-hands. Zinc and cop|>er chimney pipes. 



490 Wilson, R. A W., 4l» W^mUmr Street, Soh 

Designers and Manufacturers. 

Ornamental shower-bath of timied in>n, half circular 
form, fitted with mahogany seat; the same, of a s^^uare 
form. 

Plunging-bath, with shower combinecl, of tinned iron. 
The same, fitted with taps, plates, and levers, to super- 
sede mahogany fittings. Roman plunging-baths. Orna- 
mental hip-baths. Child's nursery-bath, with loose 
frame. 

491 NomSAlN, JuhES, Ifamjfstctut Hottse^St.John'M Wood, 

and 131 liejjcnt Street — Inventor. 

Patent ventilating open fire-place, with chimney-glass 
and ornaments ; the cliimney -piece and frame, of glass, 
are made of black marble in the Louis Quatorze style ; the 
room is ventilated by means of an aperture behind the 
top ornament of the glass frame; from this aperturo a 
pipe conveys the vitiated air of the room iuto a chamber 
at the back and sides of the grate, from whence it passes 
into the chimney. The panels, or front of the fire-place, 
are made of beaten copper, highly polished. 

In order to ensure nealth and comfort in the heating 
of an apartment, various conditions are required: 1st. 
That the grate which warms the apartment (from 50 to 
65 degrees being the most a<lvantageous temperature) 
should produce a perfect ventilation or change of air, 
both in the upper and lower part of the room. To ob- 
tain this, the action of the heat and of the air for ven- 
tilation must be so combined as to be dependent one upon 
the other, and to act together. 

It is also essential to health that the air should be 
perfectly free from all smell, smoke, and gas, arising 
from the fuel. To obtain this, the bars of the grate 
must not project beyond the opening of the fire-place, 
and that opening should be smaller than the sectional 
diameter of the chimney; by which means any chimney, 
however defective in construction, will be prevented from 
smoking. 

2nd. It is necessary that the heat should be equably 
dispersed throughout the apartment, so that there should 
be no draughts. For this purpose the air should be 



allowed to escape from the room not only up the chimney 
from the lower part of the room, but also from the upper 
part, through another opening leading to the chimney, 
thereby causing free circulation of the air throughout 
the whole of the apartment. 

In order that the a|>artment may be sufficiently heated, 
it is not necessary with these stoves to make up a large 
fire, by burning a large quantity of fuel, but the in- 
tensity of the fire should be incr^sed by the ajjplicatiou 
of a draught-plate (made of glass or wire-gauze) to the 
opening; a pipe is also placed in the chiumey, and com- 
uumiaites with the ventilating or hot-air chamber, at 
one end, and with the upper part of the apartment at 
the other, in order to thi'ow out warm air into the up|)er 
part of the room. 

On the other hand, in order that the apartment should 
not be overheated, a double-action valve is placed at the 
lower ])art of the fire-place, and communicates with the 
pipe in the chimney; by this means the opening, instead 
of throwing out wann air, is made to draw off the hot 
and vitiated air from the upper i>art of the room when 
required. 

To ensure safety, by preventing a chimney from taking 
fire, care should be taken that the smoke be not allowed 
to Ix^come condensed in the chimney : to prevent which, 
the opening should not be too high, so that the air to 
sup]>ort combustion may }>e well heated before ascending 
the chimney and mixing with the smoke : if the opening 
be too liigh, the air would enter at too gn^t a distance 
from the fire to become sufficiently warmed, and conse- 
quently the smoke would condense and form soot. 

The accumulation of soot at the sides and back of the 
register cannot take place in the improved system, as is 
often the case in the ordinary construction of a grate. 
Also, in the old plan, the flame is allowed to act upon 
the sides of the chimney to which the soot adheres; but 
in the improveil system the fire is contained in an iron 
case, from three to four feet high, which does not t^uch 
the chimney ; thus leaving a hollow sjiace outside for the 
reception of the soot (if any is fonned), and removing it 
from the part where flame is allowed to exist. 

For the convenience of sweeping the chimney, a small 
door or opening lb provided : by this means the chimneys 
are better swept, and the inconvenience of having the 
sweeps and soot-bags in the apartment is avoided. 

A considerable ec<^nomy is obtained by thoroughly 
heating an apartment with the least possible expenditure 
of fuel. For this purpose there must be a due pro- 
portion between the size of the outlet for the smoke from 
the case and the area of the grate, and, consequently, of 
the (quantity of fuel consumed. 

Cleanluiess is insured by the employment of a moveable 
ash-pan, projecting a considerable distance from the fire, 
and independent of the fender. 

The improve<l grates and fire-places may be made of 
various forms and designs, so as to accord with the 
chimney-piece and other architcctmral embellishments of 
the apartment, on the well-known principle that the 
frame for an object should be made to form, at the same 
time, an ornament, thus making a harmonious whole. 

Ventilating open fire-places, made of porcelain, in the 
form of a pedestal, to be placed in a recess under a 
chimney, and having the panels made of ornamental 
porcelain ; the same of bright polished copper, adapted to 
a pilastre. 

493 Gillespie & Son, 62 Brotufhtoii Street, Edinburgh— 
Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Model of the Victoria shower-bath; the reservoir 
moving up and down on pulleys. 



494 Gilbert, Samitel, rronmotHfer Street, Stamford, 

Lincoiji^iire — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Registered Soma^mntic bath. Exhibited for elegance 
and utility. 

495 MoGGRiDGE, M., The Willovs, Stcansca — Inventor. 
Model of a sponging bath. 



KiN'.iMiX.' 



INCLI.'DINO LOCKS AND GHATES. 
T-. M. N. O. IK TO 'JO, & 25 T») 27 ; i\ \K & 1*. 3 ro 20. 



fir»l 



4'""» llAW»wirKK, Wji.. rjj H>iit-H 'iiinA-n- Inventor. 

A f-'Ma)!!!* ili-iiiK-i«tif IkiUj rrMiiii, with wnnii aikI (*<>ltl 
m«*« r • >*t ni4 attiu-hcil; tlir wiitcr ii* histt«Hl hv u ri«w uiid 
r>' ..'11 {■:(-'. :u c<>iiiifxii>ii with a i*iiinll Htuvt* phif*4*(1 in tht> 
r-.tT-"* .k<li":ij!n.: tiro pliuv; thi« watt*r iimy \h> wuriiu'il, 
«.%•; t^>* r>-*iii luhtiil Ainl wiitilattHl tiy j^iw. 

4 «» Mi>^«. Ki('ii.%uii, /••i/M"/i'«j#--r ,N'.y.|,iix-- Iiivi'iitnr an«l 

M:uiiifiu-tiinT. 
A r-j'-". r»i| oitp|iiT ViifNiiir-tuitii, with ilitonml tn>ii;;h 
\z.i t-\ f'-r hi-r)'*. Ac: tittcil ii|Hin a Htuml (usik unci 
1 -.• ■ u** :ii (■••p|pfi-, iiiiiiintitl I'V a twintMl Imf, with 
.- W-- )\ kU'W* - : worki-«l \*\ a H|iirit-laMi|i. with ^lasM handU'. 
fc» r'-.J!. »:' t'-'niiinjtlii'thiiiijIi-piLt.-i-. MiNlioatcil va|H>in' 
•:j -«• .tj } !i««I \'\ thU in-trnnii'iit. 

ft • • Iu%%iii:i:& lJrMni.i.T«i\, .<»itfi T'-n. Ytr.n^ith - 

Iiivi-nt'in*. 
W fiiTi^ ni'*-h*l "if a it.im- tilttT in :i A-.kX*" •■i-'f«'rn. 

,"* f I'li-r In\i'nt<ir. 
"* .tr. j--«lt— t.il u u->h-!*t:aiil. "f |iiiiirrni:u-hi^, jniinnnt'fl. 
rT;d.'-rit."«l »i'h k'"M iii'Mlihnu'-*; thi' inti*Hiir titt«'«l 



rr<imtin> iri olitaineil hy fiilinK hiint>w ohaniliorK with cho- 
inii'u] miUa, cu\t;\\t\i* tif ri'sintini; the artion of fire un1i*M it 
if* incn*:b*(^l ti* a t?ix':it lU'^^itt*. The Haiti* l>i'e<Mne fiiMd, oiid 
l»y thritwini; ••fTni'ii-tnn* atfiril |>nitt'<'ti<in t«i the ctmtuntii 
(■ftht* r>Aff. Fitttfl np it'* A caliinet and writinf^ denk. 

[To remh'r a nafi- " fire proof." it in not nirrely liecefl- 
i«jiry that it 1)0 niiuh' of non-«MniliUKtihlo niatiTial, itnch am 
iron, fur liein^ tpiick cimdnetorH of ho-.it. a t4*iniierHtuno 
capahli* of ehairin^ the contents in ^iMfdily ronininnii«to<! 
when the ontrtide U in oi»ntart with huniinir Miiliiit«in(r«i«; 
it hifoiMfM. tht-rufoM', rKS4'nti.il that unuir niattrr eafKihie 
of ref«ir<tiM^ thr tnuiMnis-iiiii of hrat Ik* plaitnl K'tween 
the iron ontnide ami the rhiii.'r* withinj which aru to bt* 
pH'jierwd fn»ni tin*. S. T. ) 

.'lUH FlNiiKli. .1f>iiN NoiiTlI, l<i f'fi'frfft Strcft, 
M'Mtdii ^f' r S'i>i.t,'t' In\i>ntor. 
Safi'ty lioxf.-* for I'olh'ctinL! inoni*y !>ai;H in miiwayA; 
aIr*o for counting hi »us(';4 umliitlii'i-H for private let tern, &c. 

oUli ISakkk, (.*ii.\ki.k>, ./i#. '* r.,tt.,.i,\ i:..t\crtiM Stn-f-t, 

/."tin /t-'h Invrntor. 
Fi II'- proof K:ifi', on H ni w principle. TatteriM of a new 



• *t. :..• ".il • ■•• -ni fiir w.itt-r. .niil rr-i-rvnir for WJii«tr; oval hair-liru-*}!. and t»f a piH'kt-t tiHith-hrM^h. Molel of 
-.- r, ">.ip d:-hf-. *V«'. Tin- i-.uiH*. fireular, nia«h* •»!' ■ a wriiin^j-ilrr-k. 

',•'.%'. ji|>iiiii*<l I --■ — — 

I . »r -;•■■*• I- li»Mi. \vi;h ri--iTv«iir. i-nrtiln. un<1 pin .'»ln Maiib, Wiij.i am, .'• _''"'• '/'-i"'''- ManiifiU'tnri*r. 

■;■•'■ I WniiiL'ht. iriin pati-nt tiri- prmf Hti-oni; iimTu. mx'iired 

V' • A:ih>lp.h.j.-i!.ri.>n." f.-r div— inu' p'"tar.M-. with with the iloiililti rh.tiolNr wht-rl :utii>n drttitiir hick. 

• ' . . . 'i.'j.'. wihii li lo.iy lii* j'liM-fd in.-idc, f<<r hx-hin.; i>r 



:' '.%: .»."id -jN-ifi wu'Tnrr*. IMat'-il ri'-t-* f'tr a rarvin^ 
k ■ 11. I ?-»rk. uitli 'i-i'fid ap|N'iHl.i_'i-<. Omuli ti-:i\. 



.Mj; l:«iM\l)AI.K, <'.. //'/'. .<t...f, I I'M 

ln\iMiii>r. 
S«'rvii'»' h«»x. appli'Mlilf t^i i'\i'ry di'ti'riptinn **t water- 



. L- f ••■: j-ipviinfl, I'liit.iMiiiMihinf f'-r li.ii 1 in:: viator. i-l.iM't, and ii«»t ri>[iiiriii;: the riMrVn dinu t owr he:Ml. 



'. i lUU.. kiniAllll. l^'.'i /'//"« /'.iiiM ' .^7r.. /-- 

M.mnf.K-tnrer. 
M. -{' '. -ft « ir;*! )• ith iiid hiMtiiiu' ap|)iir.iti]«, fiin>*i-'*in:; 

' . I > .' »..»?li. i.!iii..1.iii.| i.ipiniH-il. with ar\hii.lii...l ,.,,.v,.„„.„i .... ,,„■ .^ .. ...ij.. 
■ :- r •• :!• r - » • 'ii-T'iitfil rli.it i.n lillinij tin- ImtIi w iih i 

; • .r.r !».- }-:..! 1- ih.ir.'.-.l. and ..n lij.tin.- th- tuv | ;^j»^ <;kay. Thoma* M.. 7*.' A-/ 11.//.'./. ><»■..•.'. 
•■ ■ « .*. r :r i.i i"*- t:-iii thf ImmIit tn tin* l^th until it . -. . 

..-* . • • I* *\.»- i> |::ii>d Ti-tiipt i.itiiii'. i\ii.-n thi- tin- \\\.\\ 



,M7 ('1.AUK. t'. <'llAI'MAN. L'rhfi,4-f Invi>ntor. 

Ki'UMHtfn-d s«'ir .irtiii;^ .o.mitary u.iti-r (-1..<i>t. 

St'lf .u'tini; \al\i- ti.ip fur loink^, \c.. pn.p>'i*rfl at* an ini 
pr<iv*'ni«Mit ..n tin' ImII ti-.ip. 



' ''-f lri\i ii*i<r .iiiil Manufai tiMrr. 
I*.it«'nt in\i-»iTi.n- .'f «ii?h !• lit d«'-i npn-iii'*. Splii-rii'al 



■ ...,..-- ..., ... . -_. I itii-iiT iiM I'll! ■■ iii^ • •! iiwHiiiii ii«--i 1 iji' I' i|i*. r«piii rii ai 

...■ -i \\ ii..aii-..! Th- \.ht.l.»t..r-. oj- i-xtinL-ir-h.-.l ' ,.,imi.; =.aiiit.ir\ . i-r.i n J'.-r .■!■ .inMii.- di.ii.. .iml w-wt-n*; 

. r : : _■ t?.. .'I It n.'. ..n I tl..- I.atliniay U- n^-.l. Tin- -.It'-.i.., n- -t .'.th.-r \.tlv. . - k^ !' i lii.-h .uid l-w pn -^^ni.-. 

■ . . ( ii...d t».»t th. fir.- iut^ .Inv. tly Mil it, -id.-. ■ \,.|,t p.-.-n ; .1.-. k il!..iMi:i .-ii.- \ .-n*.! .t t ; w.t.r il-.-M-t..; 

•.*i... )i ..T.- . i,:in-l\ -iri..iin.l.-d with v\..!.m-. j , |, |, ..f ,;,|,. j...,.^^ ..,. ,. „.,]. , . „., i.. ,. ..r,.,.j^.r. \\.^\^^ 

■ nin.; •-••iii|ii.-t"r : \\.i>) liirHJ l>.i im. i\.i!i >iit' • I-'-mij; e.<t'k ; 

■■ J ^ «i ii»ix<.. .l'.-i.rn. \\/f- '•/".. // /•• ■ / ' .|„k .„.,.:,r:.M.. f..|- .1.. I, .,:,.. .Ii.m- ..tid -.ix.r^: inl.ri 

/. •' Ii.i.i.?..r..iid Pi-.d -. I .•ir..i:'l.x.'i -.f. . »!ii. . ... L u .tli ■.».,i..| pip.-. 

- -• ■_■ |:.:. f M.- .ii.d i.iJ.jn.t l".iin:»!it .-. uid f r ' ;,j., ii,.,^.,,. Tmo^iah. I . -' './■.. I i.-i.-n.r and 

•-••.•.' ifl. I- .lit-. |i.|tti III.. t><|- I .u'fili '- • lit with M.iIM ♦ I. M:: . I 
■ . -. ,- •• •- . .! ! r ;ii« ildiii ' 

11. ." •''•' I J- ::..'••'•■ \.ijN.nr l-itli ; f-r lli«- l-- d i'T 
■.•:.. *■■...' \'. I ii i-f -ti ,iiii h.-.it !•■ tli.- Ijiiii:.in 1" •1\ . 



I:i • ii* '\ iiipt MiiiMt.ii tMii-r 



< 'liMii li 1" '1. V : :ii Ih il. I :.. ■ ' ■} . ■! « .' h .i ■• i. uiriii d 
• hvi.i- AI'.iI I" II. Il\' d ■ II .Oi i ■i.i-.. • .•■. -'.ir-'l I .11 II I 

til |j:di I" ," ■ ^ I..II. ...' . I'l li I ' f-'i.i- .Hill I tt 
pMi:.| ■, ri. iiS 1 "Il '< 1^ pi t:.'\ \\ 'Il I ■ I" I .iT \ •■--. I ■ 

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-. •.; ■. . ■{ "'>■'• • !M| I'l til. k« \ .lll'l .111 nilpl«>\i d I |. . ■ . . 1. 

• -• f Iri'A- : - .:. J ■!• K. I .-.II.: • .' "t" tl..' . hi -t j 

."•li't TiiiMii I i.w *Ki. W K . .1 / ' ^■ 
; M *Tiii i: .' . ' I:r.> n'-r ' / I ,,.■.' • 

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r •' .■ I ■,: : . .• . 'i :»..•., u . .• .^ . ,i.!.i; •. !• i Jl..- 
1. 1 •I'M til h J. 'UN. 1 • I ■ . ■• • ' - .j , .\ . ; . .'.I '. t .. '. . A. 

M i-i r .. • ill r 
• ;.. -r^.!. l.|. pi-. !" r.p- -•. i>. .'1 id ."iJJ I»oi^ <■ < ' H '. .' ■ li.i.i.t.i 

.. 1 ■ -• •»,. -K .; ..f r..,| •: u^. Hid I- -.-'.I./. Ml ■•' I M .'I .!..•■.!. I 

'. . ■ .. ;. I,.- . ; II. ...\ l!i..«.|-. ,:. I':"' ■ ^^ .■■!?. '....■•.■■■■•- ■ ! ' • . . .| I- .•>. f-i 

i .. il! -.:i.; »i 1*. I 1 I-.-.' ■ -..%.:■ \ |i . -. .-si* :iu t h. i.i 



7 I t%N \ *-.»- '.'• I 7 ' .../// .1 ^• 

/■ '— |\'. 1,1..- i:i.| M I'l .I'l. !-.ri • - 



Tl-- .. ' « .Ii." '"• 1 I- ■'- "' • '■ ' ■ ' ' ■ i" *' **hi n "•..pp.-.l 

Inti ntur. 



/ — I i'. i|I. . - iirl 11 iTi .] I. T-.ii • - ' 

- .. . r .. ' p»vi.' tij. I ! ■ f .1- II -»•.- vv:'}i iM .'.J : M«« I III H. .1 :•■. •. / ■ . 

. . i. •: ■: ■ r« l.lti»l with p.it. -lit !• li.ini •■ I- • k-. .**• i.'.i'!> Spn .t !..•■?. i, I'-i .i.-'ir;ii.' i".j';. 1- h\ nid.-i 



Claw 22.— GENERAL HARDWABE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 2& TO 27 i O. 9, & P. 3 



624 Qcnr & Cmii>ni. JtU/tey/fm Braa W<ri*~ 

Hmnulkctiiren, Pattioleen, and IVoprieton. 

Tubular mtar-cloiwt, with nmninentAl oHt-iron 

and bock, m Hull uid brifi^t gold; tlie amu and top of 
tb« back HtuSed, and covered vritli embnaasd criroaon 
vslvet. and fuminhed with porcelain basin and tubn; 
the piston cock forming the working part or tba wipa- 
ratiu. Invented luui rt^terod lir William Kirkwoud, of 
Kdinburgh; improved b; the nihibitutn. 

Hydrant or firs-cock. Caxt-iniu boi or case, encloaing 
■elf-acting liall valva. of aolirl gutta iiercha, cloeed b; the 
imMnura of water ngiuuat a vulcaniE«l ludia-rublHir Heat- 
ing. Stand pi]ie to tlie mmo, of copper tube, with re- 
Tolving diacbai^ pip<H| ncrewol for connecting to leather 
or other hnae. Of gront utility in largo tomu. When 
Hupjilieil with water at high profumre, it ia inatantly 
availahla for eitingiii»liing fira, and for atrcet cleaniiiDfc. 
~I>>tant IclongK to Mawn. J. Batcnian and Alfml 
Hoore, of Haiiclioiter. 

Chrimes'a palunt hydrant nr firecock, aimilar to the 
]>receding, but with hniaa diac valve iuateod of boll. 

Patent high-|*wi«iiro bib-eock, having no ground 
niirfacea; free from leakage under groat pre««nro; and 
rapairablo by a renewal of the leather wanher to the loow 
v^vo; with other advantagea. The aauie, cut open to 
■how the action. 

Patent highpteamire ball-cock. oi»y in action, and 
requiring only three or four inclioi rine or fall of water 
in the ciatem. I'atent bigh-prowiiiro iito]>-cock. 

High-preaaure double-valvo cork, which can lie repair*! 
without roquiring the water to be taken off. Tho aome, 
cut open to show tho action. 

[When water ia allowed to run through a pipe, and in 
then aiiddsniy aliiit off, it prodiiCM a vinluut fihnck, 
rimilar to that which would occur in the sudden atoppago 
of the motion of a aolid body, frequently ouuring tlic 
ftscture of tho pipe, particularly when the pressure 
column U high.— W. D. L. R.] 

r>24a Qdwt, John & William, Mile H-mplon fitnel, 
Ilirmin-jk t im — Honu Eietu rem. 
The following articles all gilt;— Cornel iar lAint, with 
■tand ; onyx tarn, with figure- Ooat inkitnnil, witli ruby 
bottlea; tortoise inkstand; Elimbothiui Inkstand, with 
blue bottle; inkstand, with lion top. Hatch-boi, with 
tnedolliona, Vesta match-lamp, with blue glass. Casket. 
Octagon nnufT-boi. Bell, with vine-ateni luindle. Chan- 
ticleer bell. Bell, with oxidiaed figure. Almanaok. 
EniBkbothan taper-stand. Gothic candlestick. Poatage- 
■tamp hoi and damper. Mounted onyx cup taper-ataud. 
Engraved flower-holder. Figure taper-stand. Chatclainaa, 
with appendages. Match-boi,withQneenligure pillar lamp. 

625 Wies, RoBBRT, 38 CAnriiii/tTojM— Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Patent aelf-acting portable water-closet. 

529 AbmhT, Johm, 29 KorIA Strai, HruJauy— 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Improved water-closet, dispensing with all cranks, 
wira, valves, casing, *o.; fitted up on improved prin- 
ciples, and fixed without najls, screws, or brada, so that 
It might be token down and refiied witiiout damaging 
walla, paint, or paper. 

&30 DowNTOH, J., 4 Gmant Flaee, Commereinl Rood, 
ZtWAimu— Patentee and Manufacturer. 
Patent water-closet; its principle consists in having a 
force pump attached to the baain, and four valves alter- 
nately shutting againat the water. 

531 HassDEH, CRAKI.B8, Wnlfloo ffouaf, KmgitiMd— 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Patent ventilated thimblce. RhiKtic finger guardi, 
with aailver shield; BciMors, with a guide on the handle. 

Regiateredfiuuwli for filling lompa, Ac., with niqthUka 
or qdrita. Propelling apparatus for the amu and la^. 



Screens of nuirble pi^iar for deconiiona. 



532 Ou 



[, S., &Co., J'ri 



I the principle of 
aaoenaion. loe same, in oectinn, snowing the action. 

It^istered syphon flushing basin and self-acting closed 
connexions, fittoil in wood-work complete. 

Else's roistered beer and spirit pruservea, 
633 CHaHBEBi&FtoiiBISEi, 47 airryStrrrt, Lincoln' t Im, 
FiehU — Manufacturers. 
Portable water-closet, with improvementa. 
534 LaMBBBT, T., AVw C<tf, Z.-.W-rfA— Invaitor and 
Manufacturer. 
Flexible diaphragm volvo-cock, forwoter; an application 
of canvas wator-pniofud by viilcanizod India- niblier.whicii, 
being proaaeil upon tho aperture iu tho metal c 



^w, pr« 



athef 



ffofw 



Double diaphmem valve-cock, for water. The iip[MT 
diaphragm is hold to ite seat by the pressure of tin; 
column of water uj>on the lower diaphragui; thiBormu;^ 
ment in im|iortant when deaiiable to ojien tlie valve iU< 
full area, bv a <|iuirter revolution of a thread or ncrew, ps 
it admita of a treble thread bomg used. Section in hnu:'<. 




DeecriptioQ of the patent vutcnnized india-rubber 
water-tap. Fig. 1 shows the tap in section. 

□ ia the body of the valve; 6 is the cover; c ia the 
flexible diaphnigm confined at i(a edgea, and serving the 
purposes of n stuffing-box; d ia the valve, which is held 
to its seating by the pressure of the water; ( is the handle, 
or knob, by meaiui of which the valve ia opened; by this 
arrangement it cannot be left open. There are other 
rasthodn for opening and cloeing the same ; the arrowa 
denatethewaterway, whenopcn. fig. 2 shows the tap not 
in section, and Fig, 3 represents another form of the tap. 

A high-premiUM ball or cisljTn valve, A cup-leather is 
connect^ to the diaphragm, which assists the ball to resist 
preaaure. It cannot become fixed. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
[. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. if, & P. 3 ■ 



A Mlf-clonitig talve-eock, for wati^r. 
gd u ■ subiititulfl Tor a Btuffing has 
Aiiuther, the bocly in glass; cam be 
tl, or ciHtcru vaJvs, of the Baioe coi 



The diaphnwcni >b 

Section ill biww. 

nade iii metiU. A 

itructioD. Section 



(I'liBM ta|w are alao eihibit«a in Clou r>, No. 4TRa.) 

Flexibla Hiaphnif^iD stop-cock, in iron ; with hose 
laiion; and hyilnut, with iron Iwi and lid, aiid iinioii 
tKW iwrew. Cheap Arc cock. 

K»iD"mic lamp, for the imo »f llie artiztin, vhich boi-iis 
v.'.vbti.le oil. anil gives a light B<(iial to the best condlo, 
thf cmt of burning beiog a pcuny for )'J tioiiiii. The 
-aiiip. with contra body in glass, to sliov tlie iut«niAl 
jriaii-jenipnt. 'Hiiti Iniup is nhown in the niinoxed cut. 

Ih-H^ni-tioQ of the cut. 

h\-. 1, A, Cap. 



'e for retum-oi 
K. Fixnl tube. 
. Wick nnil wira bodkin. 

. NtpiWTH. 




„ — .-,., jH, connoctml tn 

-.. -...>. .-iipply. Another, in which the Tnlvoul 
' H'^ti'r siipi-ly, »iid in ncUil upon by the dnvr, 
■in ibwft, and ralveaflixcd. 

<»iiil>l>-H of tin |.i|>r nuulo from Cornish tin. Si«cit 
L.'rtii iiK'tA) Ktcaui-cncbs and lominotive fittings. 



A bill. 






pKICf^ -, lllV 



lUHB, John 1!esjamin, li-l lifniM.^trcrl - 

Inventtirnnil Mniiiirnct.iinT. 

ihlcrr?"! valve for stvnm, wnlcr. pu", or niij ot! 

cnlli^l a clear-way v»lvo. intetidvd lo snpcrscle 

nn [ilufi'Cock, especially the Ini'^wr sizvi. 

Adams. John, .•i'% — IVoiliiecr ami Maniifrictiif 
<ri>Tr<l washing, wringing, aud iniuigtiiig iiiacliiiii 



i30 TiRKKR, WiLiJAM, SI. Jomts'a Soad, HM-ix 
Deaij^er anil Mauurnctiirer. 
Machine for wiwhing, wringing, and mangling. 



Improved jntcnl mangle. 

541 Peabsoh, — , I^eda — Inventor. 
Washii^, wringing, and mangling machine. 

542 TiNDALL, E. O. D. L., .Scnrtormi;/*— Invootor. 
ItegiJitei-eil mangle, with horiiinnta] spring pressure. 

Tliin tiinngle ia repreapotial in the adjoining cut. The 
ap]ilicntioti of the horiiautHl sjiriug is also seen in this 
illuHtmtiou. 




Nnjikiii prosn. Kitchin liinfto. 

,'i43 Kb(1>, James, 10 J'minlfn rincc, JienJimi— Designer 

Model of a bathiiij;, wimhinp, minging, and mangling 
iiiac'bine, A solf-actiiij^ cr.iille. 

,'i44 T«BIN, Mahc: UriH AnAM, H AV/s.n .'■'/irr/, »f-iru 
i-flt-ii ('.v..ivn( O'nutfii Wii — DuHiguer ntid 
lnveiii...r. 
Iniprovoil diint-pan, with a reaeriinir to cont.^in tin' 
iliikt. and a mcniiii of ipiii'tly discliarging it. 

l!.>nk and barrel r.iriii cartridRe |mic:licfl for Bportsnipii : 



li'i-cd pillar caudle 1 



^r-niid'lRai a 
with wire ii 



nd x1 



Srir 



. .1.. J'-.. 



-Iin.nt 



.nd 



Mannf^ictiirer. 
Neiv m.-mi^lc. uitli I'UwIic iires.-«irc. which may be fixe<l 
Hi.T to the ivftU or tnlde. The olaotie ]>re»«ire is 
itaincd by xn apjilication of viilcnniznl ciiniiti^honc 
><>ve llic rollers. It niny Iv used as a table i<i' lix>-.1 to 
wall, being compact, simple, and efficient. The fol- 
uliig cut reprosentri tlild ninDt>le; sec next iv-ige. 



Clabb 22.— general HARDWARE, 
M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 




-, Patentee, 



553 KC«T. Gbobce, 329 .Slr^ml— Inv. 
Manufiictiirer. 
Rotary knife-clenning nmchine, in eight irizes, an 
BOCtirtTi. This uuuihine is repreeentod in fig. 1. 1 
tnuuveree nectinn, in which the ponition of the 1 
ukI tho arrangement oF the nilibing mirTncea are nhi 
In fig. 2, ft perjioudicular nectjon is given, rp])reset 
tho interior (.r the ■■.•<-liit.B In fiir. :l. a aiila elen 
utahown, with the ajKi-lnrn f"r tbi knifi 



tlL, I 



541! Fbtei, Richard, -t W'lOil Slivfi, Rpitalfeldt — 
Inrentnr anit Mnniifitctiirer, 

A wuhing, wringing, and miuigting nmchine. 

I>onbte«cting wanhing-iiutchine, bj which one penwn 
can wuh tUfferent iiirtii, or fiivt uiil second, at the » 
time. Tnin nf lunilelii to illiistrate the name. 
547 BiKEB ft Co., fi5 F-«-e .<trrti, Cni>ple:iale~ 
Inventors nnd Mumfucturers. 

A rcToliing nuuigle, for pre«ing and putting a glnn 
linen and other woven fabrics, Ac. Capable of numgting 
articlei of great length. It is simple in its construction, 
and can be worked bj a boy. 

5+8 M*r»LPiSE, Wm., //uBun?/-)n.f(A — Ini-entor. 

Patent wBsliinff machine for wiishing linen in hi>epital>i, 
or cleaning ruga fur tlie mannfactiiro of paper. 

A patent revolving vessel with Btoam apparatus fni- 
waging heavy goods. 

550 Tupprai & Cahr, 3 M-iw>i.,« H-w I'hce, Cit-i— 
Patentees onil Hauufacturers. 

Specimens of corrugated and plnin galvanized inm. 
for roofing purposes, It^n-watcr pipe, both cuit nnd 
wrought; guttering, gas and water tiilHM. Chains, of 
various sizes . Nnils ; screws; ships' bolts; wire-n>|>e. 
Cast iron galvanized garden sofas, ch^ru, and flower- 
stands. Various sorts of galvaiiiitod wire-netting and 
fencii^ ; also galvanized wire for telegraph purposes, 
Oalranizod feudeis, fire-imnii, (ire-guards, Gre-dogs, &c. 
Also varionH deHciiptioiis of umoniental cnst-irun work 
galvanized; and specimens of bits, curb chains, stimipe, 
and buckles. Ttie whole intended to hIiow the innu- 
merable articles to which the process of galvanizing can 
he applied. 

[The procesB of galvanizing iti one couipuratively new to 
this country, it htiving been introduced under n French 
patent granted *■> JIuns. Sorel, aliout eight years ago. 
The process consiHts in giving a coating of metallic ziuc 
)which zinc shnuld tie of tlie piuwt deHcription) to any 
article in iron, the iron being flrat chemically pre)»red, 
by a very interesting process, for the ruception of the 
one. The demand for this very useful manufacture 
bean but limited till within the lust few years; 
the attention of the Oovemmeut has of late Iweu turuul 
to it, and it has been used eitonsively in all the doi'k- 
yards for roofing puqwHis, and on board all the vessels in 
the navy for lining the coal-bunkeni.] 




Kdtbdom.] including LOCKS AND ORATES. 

L. M. N. 0. 18 TO IK), & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 TO 20. 




niitft or buSeni of the kniFe machiue. 

ericui knife-cJenner. 

niuiBliDg etrainen far doueatic or iiiaiiurH£tiiri[ig 

■jtrt. Rotary cinder-Biflar, for domestic u»e. Working 

l«l (if tbe «aitie. 






Jj,i Harrison, W., Fitier SIretl, fiirmfryAnm— 
Manufacturer, 
Bright and tinned round and oval ehort-banitle fryiug- 
IWj. Bright roimd and tinned oval hangina frying-pans. 
Ehzht round lung-faandle friring-pana. Ihigbt round and 
i>nl bake-pons, 

Havannah augar-moulda and largo moulds fur refining 
"iZAir tioned, paint^d^ and coated witli '* patent gloeti 

Tinned email mould, for refining eugar. 
Sugar bowU and BkiouQerB, tinned and coated with 
'pattnt gla« enamel." 



Model of bemixpberical atuve grate, with fire-brick 

' back, designed, registered, and manufactured by Mes£n. 

' Barwell and Co., uf Xortbaiuptou. Fender fur the same. 

Model of H green-bouse, with economical heating app«- 

ratus, registered by J. N. Gibba, IVendling, Norfolk, 

Three sets of ornamental gothic binges fur churcb doora, 
designed by S. S, Teulun, Esq,, and manufactured b; the 
exbibitor, 

557 Watts & Harton, til .SV,« Im:', H-ilbim— 
Manufacturers. 
Specimens of pewter articles, quart and pint drinking 
cups, Melon-sliaped moulds for icing puddings. New 
pattern ice-cream moulds. Warmer and cooler, of im- 
proved construction, for confocttonera' counter, to keep 
soups and pastry wami in winter, and to keep ice creams 
' ■ ' " ■ Oval meat disb, " ' 



i56 GiDSET, JCREMIiH WlLtlAM, £<'s( I'e>ell.!m, 
.Vw/uM— luyenlor and Manufacturer. 

KudtU: — an improved sii-n-ire strained fence, with 
nt« for parks, pleasure grounds, and agricultural pur- 
lo«4^; a portable iron abeepfold, on wheels; and iron 
tDTnnce gates. Sundry pieces of ornamental castings, 
lor pum, paliaadiog, Sic. 

Miidel of a door, fitted with lever spring-drop, to 
tukde the draught &om below the door, where the step 
V nil a worn away. Invented and registered by Morris 
(^vdiner, of Ashill, Norfolk, Full-size lever spring-drop. 
In the same purpose. 



water disli, Impm 
lection or commui 



figures, tc, 

559 Bakeb, W,, 



d hot-w 



^r pla 



plate. Hot 



and stand. Col- 

Title -plate, for 
r animals, busts. 



560 Farbow, CiiARUis, le 

Manufacl 
Corking, bottling, bottle-w- 
and other inachineii used in 



r"i 



rOmci 



G56 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



United 



5G3 Hale, Jamem, Wtil»ill — Manufacturer. 

Spring curb hookfl fur bridlo-bits. Steol spring ewiveU 
for shot-boltH. Powder-fla«k» and rifle-Hlings. Spring 
hooki) for dog chaiiu4. Pillar chains. Back chains, &c. 
Fancy dog and {xarrot cliains. Polished steel pole chains 
for pair-hoinM) carriages. Stirrup-leather buckles, girth 
buckles, &c. Spring billets for pillar reins, bridles, &c. 
Plain and spring cc^keys for tandem traces. Fancy chain 
dog collars. Polished steel trace end chains. 



6G5 RoBERTBON, HuGH, Miliujavie, Scotland — Inventor. 

Cutter gauge for cutting a square. Machine for wash- 
ing yam. Trap for shooting pigeons. Rat-trap. 



566 Pope, William, Bridje Street, Exeter — 

Manufactiu^r. 

Felt, finished state ; used instead of leather, for pump 
valves, and for shoeing horses. Same material, but in a 
different stage of the manufacture; used in polishing 
marble instead of the lap; and for back oollan of car- 
riage wheels, &c. 

Furnace for consuming smoke, with apparatui for 
producing naphtha, if required. 

568 M'Clure, John, Gallovay House, Oarliestonf 

Scotland — Inventor. 
Model of a swing-door, showring foiu* ways of balancing 
the same, so that it shuts of itself, without the use of 
springs or pulleys^ 

570 Greem, Charles, 2 Portland Street, Brighton — 

Inventor. 
Machine for cutting bread, for domestic use, in uniform 
slices of different thicknesses. A letter-box. 



571 Grat, John, Dunbar, Scotland — Manufacturer. 
Pattern of traps for killing rabbits, &c. 



572 English, J., Epping, Essex — Manufacturer. 

Entomological fumigating apparatus, designed to drive 
lepidopterous insects from their natural habitats; and also 
to facilitate the capture of entomological specimens. The 
same apparatus is also useful for fumigating plants, and 
is constructed to turn with a winch, being enclosed in a 
mahogany case for convenience of pocket carriage. 



573 CoLUNGE, Charles, & Co., 65 Bridge Road, 
Lambelh — Designers and Manufacturers. 
Working models of patent spherical gate hinges and 

Ste fastenings. The patent spherical hinge consists of a 
11 revolving in a cup socket, both being case-hardened, 
and is applicable to all kinds of gates and doors. The 
improved gate fastening consists of several bolts thrown 
into staplos by the action of one key or lever. 

Patent spherical and rising hinges. Doors fitted with 
the rising ninges, rise as they are opened clear of the 
carpet or mat on the floor, and close by their weight 
actmg on the spiral screw of the hinge. 



674 PiNDER, W., & Sons, Sheffield Works, 85 Travis 
Street, Manchester — ^Manufacturers. 

Files. — Specimens of doctors in elastic steel, composi- 
tion, German nickel, tutang or Chinese copper, and cast- 
steel pin files, used by calico printers. 

Files for machine makers. 

[The term ** doctor," given to a part of a calico-print- 
ing machine, represents a long blade of steel, or of some 
other metal, which is applied to the engraved sur&ce of 
the copper print-cylinder, for the purpose of removing its 
superfluous chaise of colour. The adherence of the 
superfluous colour being a great difficulty on the intro- 
duction of the machine, accident led the inventor to 
apply a knife-edge to the revolving cylinder with a suc- 
cessful result. — R. E.] 



675 Bradnack, I. R., Great Yarmouth — Inventor. 

Pair of summer skates, adapted for a macadamised 
road, or any firm, level surface. 

Model of a door, vrith an improved fastening. Im- 
proved knocker and letter-plate for a door. 



576 Burrows, Thomas, Bamsley — Inventor. 
Bed -joint, intended to supersede the use of screws. 



577 Hedley, O., Ireland — Inventor. 

Oas-cooking apparatus. 



678 Learwood, Thomas, Truro — Inventor. 
Screw -driver, of considerable power. 

Portable walking-stick stool, made of lance-wood, to 
imitate cane. Chair, adapted for ladies' schools, cane- 
seat, and back birch, in imitation of rosewood. Fancy 
chair, for drawing-room, birch, with willow seat. Windsor 
chair, for kitchen use; birch, in imitation of mahogany, 
and French-polished. 

679 Cook, Thomas, Ann Street, Plumstead — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
House alarum, to be fixed to doors or windows, to 
prevent them being opened at night without making a 
loud report. The same, in gardens or shrubberies. 



580 Armstrong, Jameb, jim., 10 Pollen Street, 

Maddox Street, Regent Street — Manufacturer. 
Dressing anH other combs, tortoiseshell and horn cases; 
metal combs and whisker combs. 



581 Hughes, Hesketh, 72 Charles Street, City Road — 

Inventor. 
Patent gauffering machine, dispensing with hand labour. 



582 Hay WARD Brothers, 196 Blackfriars Road — 

Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Sheringham's registered ventilator; made of iron ja- 
panned, for the admission of fresh air into a room without 
draught. 

583 Leaver, James, Cookham, near Maidenhead — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 

A corona lucia for lighting a church, the pattern being 
the leaf and branch of ivy, mth the branch made in one 
piece. 

584 Haynes, Joseph, 88 St. Jame^s Street — Inventor. 
Apparatus for extracting corks, by applying a lever and 

screw of peculiar construction. 

587 Knight, T. W., 33 Regent Terrace, Widcomb, Bath 

— Inventor. 
Bolt for folding-doors, which fastens on closing the 
right-hand door. 

591 Bishopp, Rev. John, M.A., 11 Canterbury Row, 

Kennington Road — Inventor. 
Rotary cinder sifter. The cinders are expeditiously 
sifted, and (without opening the machine) are afterwards 
made to fall down instantly into the coal scuttle, so that 
no dust can possibly escape to cause any annoyance. 

592 Hocbjn, Charleb, 38 Duke Street, Manchester 

Square — Part Owner and Agent. 

Carson's patent meat preserver, consisting of a syringe 
or force pimip without a valve, which injects fluidJs into 
animal substances and preserves them from the centre to 
the surface; a joint is salted in ten minutes instead of 
fourteen days; meat can be flavoured as salt meat, and 
still the gelatinous part be retained. 

By injecting a few ounces of brine or syrup into the 
soft part of a joint, it may be kept many days beyond the 
usual time. 



KlIODOM.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



657 



594 Jencinson, James, 21 President Street, 
Goawell Street — ^Inventor. 
ImproTod blind roller and spring bracket. The spring 
is introduced into the bracket instead of the roller, in 
order to make the apparatus more simple, neat and cheap, 
ud leas liable to get out of repair. The roller can be re- 
moTed from the bracket, and the blind slid into a dove-tail 
groove. Stove with descending flue. 



595 Moore, J., 38 Clerkenwell Close — Proprietor. 
Fktent lever ventilator for any form of window. 



597 AziTLAV, BoNBV, Jtotherhithe — Inventor. 

Hot- water bottle bath; with double sides, and between 
them a non-conducting substance. Gas-stoves. 

A washing-copper and trough, heated by gas; the water 
keeps hot the whole time of washing, and is regulated at 
pbasure. Flat-irons heated by gas. 

Window-roller bracket spring. The roller may be 
released without cutting the cord. Should the cord 
hnak, the roller cannot jump out of bearing, as there is 
no slit. - 

60O Wenham Lake Ice Company, 164a Strand— 

Manufacturers . 

Ice safe or refrigerator, for keeping wine and provisions 
cool: lined with the patent glass enamel. 

Syphon water filter, capable of instant adaptation to any 
existing cistern or ws^r-butt, invented by Alfred Bird. 

[The solid masses of ice brought to England from 
America, are obtained from freshwater lakes. The 
Wenham Lake in the State of Massachusetts, is not far 
from Renton, and is situated in a hilly district. A com- 
plete ice-cutting establishment exists at this lake, and 
when the ice is a foot thick it is cut by a peculiar plough, 
drawn by a horse. The blocks are cut with an ice-s&w, 
drawn to the ice-store, and for a time kept there. 15,000 
or 20,000 tons of ice can be stored at one time in this 
repcMiitory, whence it is despatched by rail to the market. 
About 400 tons of ice in a day are frequently carried 
away. The annual consumption is enormous. — R. E.] 



001 Keith, George, 36 Piccadilly — Manufacturer. 

Ling's patent mahogany ice-safe, for the preservation 
of all kinds of provisions, iceing wines, water, &c. ; the 
ftame in deal. Ling's patent metal ice-box for hot climates. 
Gablen's ice-box. Domestic apparatus for making ice- 
creams. Wine freezers. Apparatus for making ice-creams 
by the aid of freezing powder. Ice-maker, for freezing a 
small quMitity of water in tubes with the freezing powder, 
for medical or other purposes. Registered ice-plane. 

CoflTee or chestnut roaster. 

'* Magic mirror," which is said to resist the condensa- 
tion of the breath on its surface in cold weather. 

Liquid meter (in action), for measuring water, spirit, 
or any kind of liquid, adapted for distilleries, water com- 
panies, &c. 

602 Holland, Thomas, 40 Smth Aitdley Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Improved brass cock for kitchen boiler. 



G04 Helt, Alfred Augustus, 16 Manchester Buildings, 

Westmitister — Inventor. 

Patent cork -driving apparatus and vent-bottle. The 
former is applicable to the corking of any description 
of bottles, but especially to the "vent-bottle," which is 
simply an ordinary bottle with a small orifice under the 
rim, through which, on the cork being suddenly com- 
pressed into the neck, the quantity of liquid displaced is 
ejected. 

Sliding candle-lamp. A contrivance for preventmg 
candles from guttering, and facilitating the use of a 
■Quffleaa wick in common tallows. 



Chemical vase, showing the application of oil to the 
disinfection of noxious matter, by confining the effluvium 
under water, or directing its escape through a tube into 
the air. Water is poured into a vessel, and a pipe 
is let down until the water rises about one-third in the 
pipe. Oil is then poured upon the water to fill the pipe 
another third. The matter drops through the oil into 
the water in the tube, where it is freed of any oily 
particles it may have gathered in its passage through 
the oil, and finally deposits itself in or upon the water 
in the body of the vessel. 



606 Bentley, W. H., Bedford — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Garden inigator, for watering plants and flowers. 

Cooking apparatus, for boiling and steaming, and gene- 
ral culinary purposes. 

Self-acting chimney -pipe, intended to obviate the in- 
convenience of smoky chimneys. 

Self-acting kitchen-range, upon a new principle. Ra- 
moneur appai*atus, for sweeping chimneys without the 
aid of climbing-boys. 

Universal tea-kettle, which " will boil two gallons of 
water in ten minutes." 

Alarm lock for the protection of life and property. 
Registered stove. Improved coffee-pot. Improved filter- 
ing cistern. 

607 Daniell, J. C, Limpley Stoke, near Bath — 

Inventor. 
Piece of ordnance, loaded at the breech instead of the 
muzzle, it can also be loaded and discharged in less than 
half the time taken to load ordinary guns, and requires 
only half the powder to each charge. 



609 Hughes & Kimber, lOG & 107 Shoe Lane, Fleet Street 

— Manufacturers. 

Copper-plate for line engraving. This plate has been 
extended three inches by hammering, and is as hard and 
highly polished ob the material will admit. 

Steel plate for mezzotmto engniving, prepared with the 
finest surface, and of even temper throughout. Thin 
steel plates, similar to this, were first invented by 
Richai'd Hughes, in 182'J. 

[The intention of extending the surfiice of a copper- 
plate by hammering, is to condense its moleculai' struc- 
ture, as far as that can be accomplished by mechanical 
means. In this process, a very large amount of latent 
caloric is dcveloi>cd — it might be almost said to be forced 
out. — R. E.] 

610 Morewood & Rogers, Steel Yard Wharf, l/j>pcr 

Thames Street — luventoi-s and I'roprictoi's. 

Specimens of rain-water gutters and headH, and mould- 
ings for architectuml pui-posen, nuule of the exhibitoi-s' 
patent galvanized tinned iron. These mouidings, at a 
small expense, mid to the appeanmce of a building, arc 
free from liability to ru.st and discolour, and may be 
painted to resemble stone. 

Patent gjilvjuiized tinned-iron pipe, for conveying water 
or gas; itJi i-econimendationH are economy, cleanline.s-*, 
and freedom from the bad consequences that frequently 
attend the uhc of lead pijWH for conveying water. 

Samples of jwitent galvanized tinned ii-on wire for 
electric telegi-aph, fencing, and other pui-p<38e8. 

Samples of patent galvanized tinned -iron chain of 
various sizes. 

Piece of the exhibitors' patent leiuled sheet iron; appli- 
cable for making baths, water-cans, gjis-metei*, and most 
of the puri>oses to which tin-])late is applied, is much less 
expensive than that material, and weal's better. 



611 Mitchell, James, Stmehaven, Scot land— Inventor. 

Tin-plate pipe-tops. Gennan silver pipe-tops, and 
sterling silver pipe-tops, with chain and i)icker. Malleable 
U'on tobacco pipe, invented by the exhibitor. 

3 D 2 



ClarsM.— GESERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, * 26 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 10 2! 



612 IUmpben, Jons, 448 Wfil S/ru«i— Co-Propriet- 

■nil Axcnt. 

Kflwund improTeil fire eacape; ilta appliisbiB foi 
■e^iniC Iftdiler, naalTuliliDi;. Ac. : uiwle entiral; of iron. 

Witliun*'* tcnipnnrf rudder, itoted to bs capable of 
bring ahipiieil at an in any weathor. 

Bcntt'i ulwlic ilnor md gate spring. 

NMh'« air-tight jar for oil. ink, blacking, fto. 

LnTael'a tcB-iim. A Cm-ura and t«*jK)t are hero com- 
priaed in one vumI. each distinct in ilaelf. From the 
aome Up may be drawn tea or water, as required. It ia 
heated by iniron brater, npirit lamp, or giu jet. 

Improved China and glon letter* for ebop bvnta, Ac. 

C14 DntaAM, T. D., 16 /..nion Slrtet, A™ JTortA ffiiid, 
filinjtvn — Uuiuheturar. 
Regiitercd hot-air ftmnel kettle for builing wnter on a 
coiuiaon fire in a few minutea. 

6 1 ,5 Grat, John. 1 1 InnerleilK Suv, EdiHhvrgh—lBvantoT. 
Regiotored gtn'sy dith for separating the litiuid fat of 
muitad nr Iniled meat from the gnrj Ht table. 

(it 6 IUnbon, John, If-AlertftlJ—iaYimtoi. Patentee. 
and HaDiifscturer. 
Sample! of patent Diaaufactured lead. 

620 Sears. Robert, 2 Vw), Sl.frl, Uldtleaz IlMpiint— 

Deaigner and Manufacturer. 

A block tin.p1at« coffee Sltarar, with npirit tuiip U> 

Iwi] water on the table; it may be uied with or without 

Small cooking appvatua, for chnpi. ataaka, or cheene. 
with jpirit lamp deaigned to produce a powerful beat. 
Tea-kettle to boil water on the Uble. 

621 BlDr.Ei & ElMER, I'iriCrti* S.-i«arF. Walmiiulgr, and 
Ft. 7j;ms'. Tfraa. V.ttLtMl SrM/e JWod— Inventora. 
Working model, one quarter of the full aise, Bbowiag a 

psrt of the interior of a houae with atairoaae, Laving 
pat«Dt safety doorv and apparatua attached, by means of 
which peraona oannot enter or leave the huuae without 
giving immediate alarm ; the apparatus also indicates 
that part of the honse which the persons entered or left. 
It is ajmlicahle la iron chests, bankers' rooma, ware- 
houses, &c., and can be adi^tted to existing buildinga at 
a moderate cost. 

622 Tatloh. Joseph, iru^r^rAampfun— Inventor and 

Hnnufacturer. 
Bramah locks, with guarda. Improved halance detector 
lever locks. Bmrou'a cheat and lalch till-lonk. Pull- 
warded chest and tumbler-locka, &c. 

626 CnyxiNoaAX, Auieut Robeat, A-ilisun Road, 

Registered knife-cleaner and sharpener The leathers 
ore fixed on this board in diagonal lines with intermediate 
Spacea, te secnre a constant and equal distribution of 
emery, and a great amnunt of biction on the blade of the 
knife. A steel is filed diagonally for the purpose of 
sharpening when required. 

G27 FiBBAB, William, /.«™3(fr— Inventor and 
Maoufscturer. 

Zinc fountain, with figure, made by hand, without the 
aid of casting or stamping. 

Improvement for nuix windows, tn work without lines, 
p-ulloya, or weight*. 

Cylindrical bed-warmer, which can also be used for 
wring linen, &c. 

628 SilATB. W. J., 74 H'rt»t«jj 5*«rt— Manufiwturer. 

Patent oven, having the heating apparatus within; 
a<lapted to domestio, chemical, itnd shipping purposea ; 
the suae, with hot or drying closet. 



6.10 Cf.MHON. JoHK. Sftlnif, .SiHliinirf— Monufactiuw 
i^lide Imll-cock. capable of standing a great preesuno 
water. Invented by the exhibitor, 

63.3 BumiiEr A Beliamt, .«HI Will, /"n/i/or— Designw 

and Manufacturers, 

Tnnks for water, biscuits, oil. and punt. 

Ciaternforboueeaupply, orforholdiug oil, tar.orapnil 

B»rrel for oil, tor, or spirit, with cock ; air and wiU 

tight. ^__ 

S84 MabtEWI, TaOMAS, 30» Uniml Stml — luvpntor an 
Hanufocturer. 

Aihutingondioda-water uiaclitoes. Freezing mschino 
and preserving and cooling apparatus. Rotary knifi 
cleaning unchiues, 

"" ' engnivinga represent the aerating an 

' also the rotary knlfe-deaoing ml 




Freezing jugs sud cooling decanters, percolaton, win 
coolers, butter -coolers, 4c.; new forms of anti-corroaii 
self-acting te{)«, cooliug and heating apparatus. Ac. 

636 Habt a SosS, b^, .-il, A 55 Wy* 5(rfc(, Str,wl— 
Manufactu rers. 

Improved door-knobs and finger-plates in bram. cliini 
glass, and fancy woods ; the knobs mounted with Pitt 
patent self-aiiUusting spindles. 

Dr, Amotts ventilating chimney valvea; improved. 

Ironmongery for cottages. 

[The veutUating valve of Dr. Amott is a very simp, 
apparatus. It consiela CHScntially merely of a balance 
flap protecting an ajierture into the aliaft of a chimne; 
The rapid ascent of the heated current of ur up tt 
chimney, draws a constant supply of air from the roon 
at that port of an apartment, near the ceiling, whei 
healed and vitiated air ia moat abundantly present, Tl 
valve ia adjuated by its balance, so that the entrance ■ 
smoke is prevented bjib! closure, — R. E,] 



637 HiODLK, William, Eiat TrmpU ChmiAers— 
Inventor, 

1 . Self-BUppl.ving pencil cases. The reserve is at tt 

Coint, and each lead auppliea itself by merely tumii 
atk the wire in the usual manner. 

2. Ever-pointed pencils in cedar and ivory. Oneobjei 
hoe been to construct a cedar pencil that doea not requii 
cutting. 

.^. Reservoir gold penn, containing a large supply of in) 

4. Inkatanda, extending pencil-eues, and penholders. 

5. Foiio dips, for holding papers, 6. The selt-ignitii 
gas burner. T. The porte flaoan, or wine handle. 

S. The latch and bolt union, combining the advantag> 
of each in one contrivance. 9. Hat pegs. 

1 0. A marine hsnd signal lamp, to be used in fogs ar 
emergenciea at sea. It may be instantansonsly lighted. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. M. 0. 18 TO 20. & 25 TO 27 ; t). 9, & P. 3 



(It mall WorJa, of Foreign Design, eait fn Iron ! — 

icuahion. Small jug. Monk uiil pedeetal. Pair 
an {tnaa and wife). Setter dog. Pointer dog. 
of wild horwfl. Lion and boar. Bear, with lamp. 
sipj- of the Florence boar. Knight, Id armour, on 
ick. The b«ar dentist. Group of a knight and a 
I. Group from the battle of Aboukir. Stag 
ig. Boars-head and deer'a-head brackets. Bear 
■pipee. Bear and jroung. Pair of goate. Group 
imaion and a tiger. Gilt vase. InkataudH. Fruit 
-pl.iit<!a. Card-diahea, on pedestals. Pastile-bumer. 

dancera. Female figure, with fish. Stotuette of 
ibal." Pairofcandleaticka. Startled stag. Pointer 
«. Setter dog, " Setting." Setter dog (life aize). 
und <life-Hii»). A copy of the Warwick vase. A 
goat! at play. A sheep and lamb. Apairofgrey- 

at plaj. A Borbarr horae. A pair of small deor. 



n(pe™ 



withgc 



Groups of English Design : — " The 
' a group of staga; and " The Victory," a group of 
)oth designed and raodelleil by B. W. Hawkins. 
t«i:— "The Eaele-alayer," "David slingiug," and 
1 Indignant," all doaigned by John Bell. A sta- 



tuette of Sir Robert Peel. Henry Ross, A statuette of 
Thalia, from the one in the British Museum, 

Works, life size, in bronze : — "The Eagle-.ilayer," csat 
in fine bronze and chased, by the Coalbrook Dale Com- 
pany, from the deaigu and model by John Bell. 

"The arrow of the archer avenges the death of the 
lamb." For the duplicate in iron, arranged architectu- 
rally, Ree the iron dome of the Coalbrook Dale Company. 

"Andromeda," exposed to the sea monster. The pe- 
destal is illustrative of the story; in this, aa in the other 
details, the object was to uniU in one design, a statue 
and ornament. The decoration terminates upwards in a 
f^ercetl comb, in which lurks a dlmioutive Cupid, launch- 
ing a ilart at Perseus. Cast in fine bronze, seveu feet 
three inches high, and chased, by the eihibitora, from 
the design and model by John Bell. 

642 MnjiEB & Son, Lktrponl, Manchealer, and 47i 
Mooiyiitc St. — Patentees and Manufacture™. 

Group of patent holdfast and fire-resistiug nafea, of the 
fiiHt clasn, with oulaides of half-inch wrought-irOD, lined 
throughout, with the exhibitora' non-conducting and eva- 
porating fire-resisting chambers. Eihibitod in successive 
stAges of manufacture, to abow the internal arrangement. 
The safe is made from 5 cwt. to 3 tons each in weight. 

These safes, of different sizes, and applieahle to different 
uses, are shown in the annexed illustration. 




JLETT, David, 5r, mi/. //.,('. -ni— Manufacturer. 


Five-light ornamental stand for gns. 




Glaas aud chiun stands, mounted, Platow's patent 




autouuiton coffee urn, designud and executed iu silver by 


bowo in the cut on tlie next |>age. 


Bamai'<l & Son. 


■r's Tentltating gas chandelier. Gas meter, with 


Steam generator, applicable for cooking, heatingwater. 


IIS attached. 


Ac. by giW. Dr. Arnott's selfactinft vcutilator. 




();u< cooking atove and kettle. Bachelor's cooking 


idelabnim is also representwl in the nuit pagt. 


apparatus. 



Ci,AM 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
[.. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 2(> TO 27 ; O. S, & P. 3 TO 29. 





644 Sedqwick & TAnj>%, 1B6 PHo 
aad MonulkotumM. 

QIbu liutm, with drop woA and variooa oolomad^w 
flowen, after the old VenetuD style. 

Ornamented metal chuidaller, withlookiiig-gli^a^tai, 
peneli, chased. 

Rtfiatered onuuaental cbaadelier, for gM, witt p)^ 
bnucbea, Bpriaging trom blue eoanuUed t^obl^ imk U- 
tation caodlea. 

Regiitenid ohaadeliar, with aanM ihalfii. fcr VM 



n Herculaaouni pedeatab. 



The patent diaphaiioiu rafleotor, with tdU* hOfi 
Regiatered chB»d candelabn. Tripod BmM ttmL 
Various patterns of table glan. 

Laoiem, with reflectoTB for lighting th* 0«Ulr*( 

[A Venetian historian of the 13th oantnij aq^ thi^i||bi 
OovenuneDt cherished the makiog of ^Ma M Hm.tf^ 
of its eye. A Venetian oanying its aaonta to flBII%i 

bries wia punished by the iapriMiUMDt of- U* 
relatiTes, and if poarible aamwiiintwi Nobla ^'fW— , 
without loss of caste might many the dan^loia of 

BT gl&ziers of Hurano. Olaaa beada and emblem* 

oes formed a large article of traffic with the East; 
the manufacture is now Ln decay at VenicH, though 

I are still made.— R. E.l 



645 M1IJ.EB A, Sous, 179 Ficcadaiy, and 370 OrfordStrM 
■ — InventorB, Manu&ctureta, and Proprietoni. 
Patent Admiralty regulatiion lights: bright light at the 
foremast head, green light on the starboard aide, nd 
light ou the port side, Kn be used when under weigh. 
T^e form of these lights may be seen by the annexed 




k Sou' PUent Adalnllr B^iUaliBa Llgbu. 



A common bright light, to be used by all veaaels at 
anchor. Model of a steam-Teasel, showing how then 
lights are placed. The cut on the opposite page repre 
sents a steamer with the regulation lights. It ahows th< 
proper position for these lights, in order to obviate the 
confusion likely to arise from the curving of the rayi of 
light over the bows of the vessel. 

The fallowing are the Admiralty Begulatioas which 
have been adopted since 1840 by all maritime nationi : — 

A bright light at the foremast head, green light on the 
■tarboard side, red light on the port side — to be used 
when under weigh. A common bright light, to be used 
bv all vessels at anchor. The green and red ligbta are so 
plooed at the side of the vessel that the nys of the lamps 
cannot cross the bowi. In this maimer it is easy to 
ascertain the position and the couise of the vane!, and to 
avoid collieion with her, since the coloured lights givethi 
most certain indication sa to whether she i* in the star 
board or larboard tack. 



INCLUDISQ LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 28. 




BpwuxiBnti of Nomuui, OoUiia, ind EliMbMkn 
!uck». uid ornnniantAl ■!««] faiya of Tariom atTls ud 
l>att«nu, Tlio Outhic look uid kej m ihown k lbs 




P»t«Qt qii»drupla ruid rim l.iokB. 

Patent tn-proot intra, for buikon' UH, «di1 modd 
of • jwteot well wmfn. The out utioin tbe form ud 
iutanor of thu G rv proof nfe. 



'n* fullowioc itAf innit ha* been put>luh«il b^ Capt. ' 
IifvLuBi. F.K.8., wluch *bo<r* (tatiMliuJI; the iminrt- 

>'<>Biv{uei>c«a uf collincm at iBBto Brituh itouueia mi] 
u.lin« <«**U. \»i:, to 1»I9. f 







D.H.i;.!'. 


,„.. 




Mrfoul) 




=;';■= 


'k l' • 

Pit nu iM 


^ ',.s 


,.g 



r^ .^ 


B 


1 




B 


L *^ r 


— ":^~~ t 



Ntt.mniC »U>ti>] of t 



The« 

Hitouwx involring more or leu. , 

Kimrt fmm trowe* through Iwd withourimiockiim. It 
■* of vcsther, but chiefly Htributable pick the lock or obtain 
%■- want of lichla ukd look-out. 

Haul. tstoD. tad dfck lunpa. vmriou*. CuTUgfrnef 
letup, wnb an UDpniTn) rrflcctor; and a tricolour band 
U&|i Railny , tail, ami aidir lamiia, EtiKiue and buffrr | 
:atB(a. MIhtI. HKrcheni'. anJ watcrgaugv lamjiii. 
auO'O pUtfnna laiii[ia Irrfcutcroll. Double »«nwphore 
lamp, a Bnbetilutc fnr two lanijuir | 

TabU. bracket, ami bw:k lauit<e. RewliUK lamp*. Oig - 
and 'laab'irDO lampe. Hand aixt Dight laiupe and lautenw. I 
. pnckrt. tiui reflecting lantemii, for reading at I 






red stable lampe, for 
' Wu ilbuuinaton. 
irt BeparaM wicka. 



io«l <itb*r purpij 
•-vpeoduHt from tlie r 
a;. ..f a peculiar conetnirtiuD. haTiug' 
■Jtntmii of ordinarr rutt-oia. 

f.iA C«t'a> * Sow, ''T .-■». f-«ri ''^ircAff.i'il— iQTFntoni, 
I'al'Otew*. and UauuhiiiUHv. 

it detwtor tocka and 
t rtpmenta the 



SMCUOrna -t the ribil>it"ni' patvnt i 
iatrL«. t-r tan-'iii lury^rt. The c 





664 



Class 22.--GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



[Ukttid 



[The locks on thia principle, for ordinary purposes, 
have each aiz fieparate and distinct moveable tumblers and 
a detector. If a surreptitious attempt be made to open 
any one, immediate notice is given by the detector on the 
next application of the proper key. The fire-proof safes 
are matle of strong wrought iron, lined with hard steel 
plates, and the chambers all round are filled with non- 
conductors of heat.] 

647 Haywood, J., k Son, 20 Si^ Janu^s Walk, and 

SuffiAk Street, ClerkenweU — Manufacturers. 
Locks used by cabinet-makers, builders, kc. ; specimens 
of gilding and engraving applicable to every description 
of fancy brass foundry. 

648 Hato 8c Bates, WolverKampton — Manufacturers. 
Door-lock keys in different stages of manufacture. 
fSeveral manufacturers are exclusively occupied in 

making keys, in their rough state. The majority are pro- 
duced by swages or points; superior qualities are from 
time to time cast of malleable iron and annealed. They 
are purchased by the lock-makers, and cut to suit the 
several wards in the locks which they are intended for. — 
W. C. A.] 

649 The Patent Pointed Screw Company, 

Wolverhampton — Manufacturers. 
Patent-pointed screws, east out of malleable iron, 
which can be driven into wood, without boring holes. 

[The peculiarity of these screws is in their mode of 
production. Other screws are formed from iron wire, 
the head being forced up, and the screw cut in a lathe 
in use for the purpose; these are cast in sand, and are 
singular, from their being so, and from the comparative 
sharpness in the threads, though they are somewhat 
inferior to those cut by ordinary method. — W. C. A.] 

649a Huffer, John, 20 Wihlemess Row, Clerkemcell — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Detector chest lock ; a false key is retained in the lock 
till the proper key is brought to relieve it. 

Chest lock with secret action. Spring latch, padlock, 
locks for chests, desks, trunks, portfolios, drawers, and 
carpet bags. 

650 Big FORD, H., Wolrerhampton — Inventor and 

Manufactiurer. 
Improved detector-lock. 

650a Foster, Richard, 1 York Place, St. Georg<^$ 

East — Inventor. 
Self-acting detector lock, applicable to safes, doors, &c. 
A person attempting to open this lock by a false key, can- 
not withdraw the key without injury. 

651 GoLLOP, John, Wellington Foundry, Charles Street, 

Citff Road — Manufacturer. 
Patent rising and non -rising spring, swing and other 
hinges for doors or gates. 

652 Germh, Francis William, East Road, City Road— 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 

A safety lock, of which it is believed that the key can- 
not be copied. 

A lock of simple and cheap construction. 

A simple and cheap hinge, with spring, to close a door 
one or both ways. 

653 Bramah & Co., 124 Piccadilly— Invenion and 

Manufacturers. 

Braas case box of wards, showing the security of the 
locks, invented by the exhibitors. 

Brass case-look, exhibiting the number of changes these 
locks will admit of. The changes are computed at four 



hundred and seventy-nine millions one thousand six hun- 
dred. 

Copper box of wards, on steel plate, for iron door. 

Four-bolt brass case chest lock. Large brass padlock. 
Iron case two-sided door lock. 

Brass case book, drawer, spring-box, and portfolio 
locks. 

Braas barrel padlock. Prison-door lock. Two-sded 
street-door lock. Large iron i^adlock. 

Brass case desk, cupboard, and ch^t locks. Three-bolt 
portfolio lock. Braas case padlocks. Link plate cup- 
board lock. 

Narrow drawer lock. Brass case closet lock. Thin 
spring box lock. 

Box, cut cupboard, book, and portmanteau locks. 

Very fine ornamental iron casting. 

654 Gibbons, James, jun., WolterhampUm — 

Manufacturer. 
Improved locks, for doors, drawers, park -gates, &c., in 
various styles. 

655 Carpentkr & Tildeslet, WUlenhall, near 

Wolrerhcanpton — Manufacturers. 
Carpenter and Co.'s, Sanders', Tilde8ley*s, and Baillies' 
patent locks. Rock's patent Gothic case locks. Curry- 
combs, various patterns. Elastic horse-scrapers. 

[The most ancient locks are those which have been in 
use in Egypt for upwards of 4,000 years, the similarity 
of which with those of the Faroe Islands is singular. 
The most ancient lock was a peg lock ; its outline may 
be seen figiu^ among the hieroglyphic repreeentationfl 
on Egyptian tombs and temples. — W. C. A.] 

Roistered, and other latches. Norfolk thumb mortise. 
New designs in iron and brass padlocks. Door-bolts. 
Mortice sash locks and latches. 

[Wolverhampton is the grand centre for the manufac- 
ture of locks, which gives employment to the vast popu- 
lation thickly congregated in the small towns of Bilston, 
Bloxwich, Willenhall, Melsall, and other hamlets scattered 
around; in addition to this, it supports no small number 
of persons, known as middle-men, and factors, who buy 
and stock the locks of all kinds brought to them by the 
smaller makers. — W. C. A.] 



656 Whitley, John, Ashton, near Warringt< 

Manufactiu^r. 
Case of wrought-iron hinges, of various descriptions. 



657 Clark & Co., Sluikspeare Foundry, Wolverhampton 

— Patentees and Manufacturers. 

Patent enamelled ware sauce-pans, stew-pans, pots, 
kettles, frj'ing-pans, gi-idirons, digesters, hand-baRins, 
bowls, bread-iians, furnace -boilers, spittoons, stable- 
buckets, watercloset-pans. Sic. 

Tables, with enamelled tops, imitation of marble, and 
tinned ; patent cast-iron hinges, coffee-mill, and crimping- 
machine. 

658 Osmond, George, 19 Somers Place East, New Road, 

St, Pancras — Inventor. 

Improved fittings for roller-blinds, maps, &c. Lock 
or spring latch, with bit inside the pipe of key instead 
of outside. Door-bolt, extremely difficult to imfasten by 
those unacquainted with its action. Self-acting bolts, 
for double doors, made so as not to admit of locking 
one door without bolting the other. Sash-fastener, simi- 
lar to a barrel-bolt, and having a spring, which, when in 
use, prevents the sashes making a noise. 

Patent centres for swing looking-glasses, a substitute 
for knobs on the outside of the staudaixl; they are made 
in two parts, one of which is fixed on the edge of the 
glass fi-ame, and the other on the standard, so that when 
the glass is put into its place between the standards, and 
a small lever pressed down, it is seciu^Iy fixed between 



KnTGDOM.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; O. 9, <& P. 3 to 29. 



665 



the standards; the centres will siistain the glass in any 
position. Manufibctored at Birmingham by Messrs. 
Charlton Brothers. 



659 Parkes, Henrt William, 110 Strand— 

Manufacturer. 
Laige brass padlock with 18 guards, on a new principle. 



660 Haklet, G., Warwick Street, Wolverhampton — 

Manufacturer. 
Patent detector locks, for trui^, ledgers, drawers, 
carpet bags, &c. 

661 Cabtwbight, Daniel, Z<r^*— Proprietor. 
Alarm lock ; on an attempt being made to pick it, a 

bell rings, and when the bolt is shot a pistol is fired. 
By moving the key in a certain direction it will not pass, 
tad the lock cannot be injured by turning the key the 
wrong way. 

663 AuFiN, C, Wolverhampton — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens to illustrate the rise and progress of the art 
of making locks, containing forty-four different move- 
ments by the most celebrated inventors in the lock trade. 

Sections of locks. Letter-bag locks and ledger-locks, 
ornamented on a new plan. 

Lock and key so small as to be contained within half 
of a hemp-seed husk ; and small materials for locks, by 
two boys of fourteen, Henry and Frederick Aubin. 

Secure locks and latches on various principles, and an 
original method of ornamenting tin goods and panes of 



664 Yateb, Henrt, St, John's Square, Wolt>erhampt<m — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Locks for trunks, drawers, &c. 



665 Lea, William & John, Wolverhampton — 

Manufacturers. 

Fasteners for sashes. Alarm bells for doors or shutters. 
Stays for French casements. 

Qothic hinge, handle and escutcheon. Ornamental 
handles for locks, &c. 

Brass bell handles. Latches for closet doors and 
shutters. Bn»s cabinet locks. Registered double-action 
rack bolts and lock, suitable for French casements, cup- 
boards and wardrobes; also for hall, warehouse, and 
(!<•<>«, either single or folding. Model showing the 
registered bolt. Night latches. 



667 Whitehouse, Cornelids, & Co., WoherhampUm 
— Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Tubes and fittings for steam, gas, and water. 
Piece of amalgamated Swedish iron, for gun-barrels. 

[The exhibited tube is deserving of notice, as the first 
which was produced, and welded without the aid of 
internal support. Its manufacture may be thus de- 
scribed : — Iron of the proper thickness is cut into strips, 
turned up until the edges nearly meet; in this condition, 
the tube is introduced into a muflie, and when sufficiently 
hinted is welded by passing through a pair of rolls which 
are placed immediately in front of the heating apparatus. 
-W. C. A.] 

668 WijfDLE & Blyth, FTa/sa//— Patentees and 

Manufacturers. 

Model of Strutt's patent door lock, with glass front to 
show the internal mechanism. Small model of the lock 
showing the manner in which the quadrants can be 
changed, and a new key fitted, so as to render a lost one 
useleas. Cabinet or drawer lock, with springs on the 
quadrants, and padlocks. Roistered locks for drawers, 
kc. 

Finiahed steel pocket corkscrews, with various useful 
instraments. Steel phial screws. 



Patent compensating steel pens, of large barrel shape. 
Various steel pens. 

Patent penholder. This penholder, whicli is fitted 
with springs upon which the fingers rest, is intended to 
give the feeling of elasticity to the person using the steel 
pen which it carries. It is shown in the annexed cut. 



Windle and Blyth's Patent Penholder. 



668a Tucker, W. H., Ta^mton. 

A double-action detector lock, that can only be opened 
by its own distinctive key. 

669 MoRETON 5c Langi.ey, 22 BiuJi Lane, City, and 

WolrerhnwptQn — Proprietors. 

General hardware, for building and household purposes, 
including locks, and other articles, as prepared for home, 
colonial, and foreign markets, with imitations of Spanish, 
Portuguese, and other foreign goods. 

[It not unfrecjuently occurs that the rude articles fabri- 
cated by native workmen are trans ferreil to the English 
manufacturers, to bo copied and sold to the inhabitants of 
the countries in which the originals were produced. — 
W. C. A.] 

670 Walters, Benjamin & Philip, 100 North Street, 

Walter himptan — Manufacturers. 

Patent locks for furniture, doors, &c. 



671 Pearce, W., 50 Hvjh Street, Dumfries, Scotland-^ 

Inventor. 
Safety-lock. The construction of the fixed wards 
renders it impossible to introduce a pickhxik or skeleton 
key. Two floating waixls which extend towiutl the centre 
of the fixe<l wards, are attached to prevent a picklock 
from being passed round the edge and circumference of 
the fixed wards. The mjiin bolt has three protecting 
levers, which are alternately acted upon by the key. The 
upper level has a brass bar upon the escape slot. The 
main bolt has three projections to the front edge of the 
lock; and there is a second bolt, thrown by the same 
key with two projections betwixt the two hinges, pre- 
venting any dependence on the hinges. 



672 Mitchell, John, Hednith, Com>rall — Inventor. 
Improved pistol. Newly-invented safe lock. 



666 



CLA88 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



r United 



673 Lewis, Oborge, High Crou Street, Leicester — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Lock with newly-invented circular levers and self- 
dividing bitted keys — which precludes the picking of the 
lock, or any improper use of an impression from the key. 



674 HoBTON, Amos, Ashburton, Devon — Inventor. 

Safety-locks on a new principle, applicable for all kinds 
of doors, dock gates, &c. 



675 Downs, William, Long Melford, near Sudbury, Suffolk 

— Manufacturer and Inventor. 
Improved twelve-bolt lock, adapted for plate-chests, 
banking-houses, &c. The lock is fastened on the centre 
of a door, three bolts shooting each way. After the key 
is withdrawn, when locked, the interior is secured by 
springs and rising bolts, to prevent its being picked. 

676 Thbupp, H. J., 5 George Street, Grosvenor Sqwwe 

— Manufacturer. 
A variety of hinges of different patterns. These are 
rising hinges, and are constructed on Collinge's patent. 
The cut represents a simple and an ornamental form, 
with the ball and socket joint of the hinge. 




Thmpp't Patent Collinge Hinges and Axle. 

Axles upon Collinge's patent. The cut shows this 
axle at a with the collar on, and at 6 with the same 
removed. 

676a Gbeenixeld, J., sen., 10 Broad Street, Golden 
Square — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Model of door with anti-friction lock and latch, and 
double secure bolt, to cause the door to shut with little 
friction and noise. 



677 Boulter, Benjamin, Hull — Inventor. 

New back-fastener for window-shutters, in various 
forms. 

678 Barnwell, T., & Son, 46 Bishop Street, Dublin 

— Manufiacturers. 

Wrought-iron double-cased safe, with two drawers, 
and double doors with secret lock, which cannot be opened 
by the key, unless the secret be known. 

Ornamental hall-door lock. Secret brass desk lock. 
Iron-rim lock, for prisons, &c. 

679 WiBSON, Richard, 5 Coburg Street — Inventor 

and Maker. 
Secret drawn look, which, unless its internal arrange- 
ment be known, cannot be opened with the key. Pad- 
lock, with key. Secret padlock, like the drawn lock, to 
act with dial hands. 



680 Boorbter, Joseph Hurst, 14 Stanhope Street, Clare 

Market — Manufacturer. 

External and internal Venetian ventilators. 

Rim locks, in or-molu cases. Bolt, richly chased in 
or-molu. Three-bolt mortice and rim locks. Dead locks. 

Bright boxes of wards and keys, with a variety of other 
locks, fiEhstenings, &c. 



681 Bamber, John, &Son, 27 Wood St., Westminster— 
Inventors and Manufcicturers 
Improved mortice night bolt, for bed, dressing, and 
bath rooms, to enable persons in bed, or in a bath, to 
£uten and unfasten the door. 



682 Taylor, J., & Son, Loughborough, Leicestershire — 

Manufacturers. 

Two bells, with hangings and framework, possessing 
tones as melodious as single notes, and also attunable with 
the greatest acciu*acy to any extent of scale required. 
The largest is 4 ft. 2 ^ in. diameter ; note, E flat ; weight, 
21 cwt. 2 qra. The smallest 2 ft. 6| in. ; note, E flat, 
octave higher than the large one ; weighs 6 cwt. 

Hangings for the bells, constructed upon an entirely 
new invention ; the gudgeons of the large bell being fitted 
in a cast-iron bed. 

Plan of cast-iron feaming, far superior in respect to the 
whole practice of bell -hanging. The brass steps can be 
adjusted with precision, and will not vary as given to do 
when in wood. 



683 Murphy, John, 15 Thomas Street, Dublin — 

Manufacturer. 
Two church bells, weighing respectively about 28 cwt. 
and 7 cwt.. They answer to the first and last in a peal 
of eight bells, and in bell-music are called the treble and 
the tenor of the peal, both are what is technically called 
" maiden bells," that is, cast in tune from the furnace 
without any artificial tuning or chipping. They after- 
wards form a perfect octave, the note being D. 

[Bells were anciently called Nolae and Campans, from 
their invention by Paulinus, bishop of Nola, in Cam- 
pania, about A.D. 400. In 610, a French army was 
frightened away from the siege of Sens by the ringing of 
St. Stephen's church bells. The ringing of changes is 
peculiarly English, but the date of their origin is not 
ascertained ; some of the most celebrated peals were in- 
vented by one Patrick, a barometer-maker, 1726. The 
peals of many churches, including those of St. Dimstan's- 
in-the-East, St. Bride's, and St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, 
were cast by Abraham Rudhall, of Qloucester, 1684. — 
H. E. D.] 

684 Mears, C. & G., 267 Whitechapel Road— 

Manufacturers . 
Hemispherical bell, five feet in diameter, producing a 
deeper tone from the same quantity of metid than bells 
of the ordinary shape. 



685 SoBEY, William R., Qwen Street, Exeter — 

Manufacturer. 
Silver gravy, table, dessert, tea and other spoons; 
knives and forks, sugar-sifters, sugar-tongs, &c. Model 
of machine and dies. 



686 Featham, Miller, & Sayer, 9 Clifford Street, 
Bond Street — Designers and Manufacturers. 

A variety of fire grates, stoves, fenders, &c. 

Locks, keys, finger-plates, door-handles, scrapers, and 
knockers; bell levers, fire-irons, &c. 

Specimens of wrought-iron gate-work and cast-iron rail- 
ings, sundry castings. 



687 Perry & Co., Red Lion Square — Inventors. 
Various specimens of steel pens. 



688 Aldridge, James Major, 20 Nelson Street, 

City Road — Inventor. 
Double-action cmring centre and top pivot, showing a 
portion of a door nxed in shoe, with the spring as fixed in 
the floor; adapted for doors of any dimension, and such 
as open both ways ; executed in metal, having steel rollers, 
and case-hardened eccentric. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 

L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9. & P. 3 ' 



I 29. 



lan's knife, contaimuK eighty bladeg and other 
tB, ornamented with viewB of differentcittsB and 
acta ; the handle, 12 inchea long, made of 
-peu-l, cau-red with a boar-hunt on one aide, and 
of the itag on the other, fmm deeigns by 

ian> knife with mother-of-peerl handle, con- 
ly-Di blades and other instruments, and ia only 
tara of an inch long. 

a of cutlery in motUer-of-pearl, containing 
la and uther inntrumenta. 

knife and fork, with ivory handles, 58 inches 
■ame 1^ inch long. 

■ciawin, H inchee long, with ornamental gilt 

I the blades etched with ditFerent views. 

re BdsBors, complete, which do not weigh half 

razor, wjtb cocoa-wood handle, the blade 
-Ji a view of Arundel Castle, 
us of cutlery, carved in mother-of-pearl, cod- 
bladea, and a timepiece in the centre. 
deernrt, and carving-knives and forks, with 
various materials and designs, complete, 
or fruit-knives and foiks, with plated and silver 

id pine-carvers, with plated and silver blades, 

vee and forks, omamented in plated metal and 

ed and other bread-knives, with plojn and 

>d and ivory handlea. 

ns of pen and pocket-knives of every descrip- 

ding paper and desk or office-knives, 

□ade for the American market ; and for hunting, 

fishing, deer-stalking, &c. 

ns of American bowie-knives, Spanish knives, 

for culinary purpoaos, oa meot, oyster, onion, 
butter, and cheeBc-kuivea. 
ised io various trades, ss butchers, ehoemakers, 
linlers, gardeners, farriers, &c. 



rsons may thread ernall needles with ease, 
■hines, for making penn at one stroke, 
ne, ehoKintt the several stages of manufacture 
erent articlea, from the raw material to the 

d has long been celebrated for its cutlery ; so 
- 1296, the town was noted fur its iron manu- 
for falchion heads, arrow pilea;" and Chaucer 
xa the locality, by introducing one of his cha- 
being in possession of a " Sbefeld thwjtle." 
oanufucture of cutlery three kinds of steel are 
common, shear, and cant steel. Shear steel is 
used for table-knives, scj-the, and edge tools, 
steel, which is susceptible of n fine polish, pen- 
ssors, razors, &c., are made, 
lives are thvia forged. Two men are engaged iu 
Ion. The uniform ate of the thick part which 
. the handle is produced by swages ; the blade 
^ by being plunged into cold water ; it is 
lUght back to a blue colour," and is then in a 
t" be ground. 

-e r^irged out of pt«el, the tang and shank being 
irmed ; a pirtioD is left to form the prongs 
flattened, and these then by dies whicli work 
1, a blow from which impresses tiie prongs, 
little superfluous metal between, which is re- 
cutting out at a press ; they are then hardened 



Penknives are forged by a single hand: the blade is 
first drawn out; a portion is left at the cutting off to form 
the part which is operated upon by the spring, as also to 
assist in holding when undergoing the grinding proceasj 
the small nail mark is given by a chisel; they are har- 
dened in cold water, and tempered on an iron plate — 
W.C.A.] 

691 Momiiui & Hawkins, 15 Carr Lane, Sheffi^i— 
Hanufacturers. 
An assortment of shoe, butchers', cooks', weavers', 
bread, palette, putty, glaziers', and farriers' knivee, &c. 

69Ia PerBI, R., &Soh, Temple Street, Wolverhampton 
— Manufacturers. 
Jelly moulds, assorted patterns; ollblaze, steak, and 
fish disbee; soup tureen; dish-covers; hash dishes and 
frames; kettles and stands; tea-kettlea; coffee machines, 
pole, and Glterers; tea-pots; chocolate pot and mill; 
carriage, foot, and stomach warmers; cheese tosstsrs; 
egg poachers; saucepans; egg codlers; water boilers; wine 
strainer and muller; flour and pepper boiM; soup ladle; 
slices; baster; fish knife; large bowl; vegetable dish; 
gravy strainer; baking dishes; sandwich boxes; botanical 
Boies; nursery lamps ; spittoons; nugar boxes; canisters; 
hot-WT>ter and beer jugs; lamps and lanterns; wash-hand 
basins and jugs; inkstands; almanack case; knife, spoon, 
and cheese trays; card rocks; date cases; spice boxes; 
toast racks; tea caddies; bread and cake ba^ets ; envelope 
and paper box; tea trays, &c. 

C92 LoRKiN, JoBiAH, 68 Bonnghall Street — 

Patent egg-beater. 

693 Lee, Geoboe, 9} Chnrch Street, Paddmgtm — Inventor 

anil Manufacturer. 

Spring-shank self-adjusting button. 

Embossing iron, a new mode of applying heat to finish 
manufactured woollens, linens, cottons, silks, satins, 
velvets, &c. 

694 KsiOHT & FoffTEB, 5 ffui/cAcn/>— Inventors. 
Steel pens, of various designs, in boxes. 

Bank of England pens. Swan pens. 
Correspondence pens. Anti -corrosive pens. 

695 BaIifoN, FbaNc:?, tc Sou, 436 West Strand- - 



696 Britten, John, 28 Alein 



'., Birrningfian 



Improved range, combining the ailvantages of the or- 
dinary close range and oven grate, with facilities for roast- 
ing, baking, and stewing. 

Sectional model of the improved range, with description 
appended - 

Small model of a nieat-hastener, for roasting two or 

An ash-guard, for preventing the ashes from falling 
into the dripping-pan. 

A steam kettle, with description appended. 

An apparatus, which, used in connection with the 
improved range, is said to convert hard water into soft, 

A vertical roasting jack, simple of constniction. A 
slight rotary impulse from the bond about once an hour, 
is sufficient to work it. 

An improved door-fastening, in which the latch-bolt 
is libereteil by simply pulling the handle on one side of 
the door, or pushing it on the other. 

The Stanhope door-spring. The same apparatus m 
brass, with the case partially removed, to show its action. 



Clam 22.— OENKRAL HABDWARE, 
L. H. N. O. la to 20, ft 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. E 



TO 2! 



697 BoAKB, J. F., 



HoiIbI of liKiial post, aa nclopteil by the QroatSouthon 




BoduT* Itbh Rdlnr MgMl IVm. 

Fig. I , repreMmtfl t, Bigoal post dq tho Oreat Southern 
Bad Vfuataru Rntlway, Irelimrj. after hsviiig beoa altered 
from one of the previotu cmutruction, b; remoTing the 
cruum whesU, bracketa. &c., and uldiiig » few feet to 
the rertical wuHdna roil, and this culoiind rIui and ita 
fittings, one oftha luQps, HOinewhitt altered, being placed 
on the top, and the other diapenaed with ; b; this ar- 
nngament all requisite aignala ore given with one lamp 
only, which being it«elf nintionlew, i* leea liable to acci- 
dent or disturbuice of the tight than turned round, 
Thua one half of tho eipcnaea of oil and wick, and more 
than one half of that of repoire, glnas, lea., U Btved. a 
and A, two drvulAT dice* of green and red ulaaa which 
ore oonnocted witJi the upriglit n>d il by the urank e, 
■o OS to have motion aimultaneotui with that uf the index 
■Till, which ia wotkod in the usual manner by the handle 

Figs, a uid 3, lighting-CJ 
lamp is plaoed to protect it froi 
weather while be' 
The lamp partly 
the csH o, the elide A (which is repreeented partly with- 
drawn) ia cloned, and the whole being (suricd to the top 
of the poet, the nose of the caee ■ ta plttced oppodte the 
door of the lanthom, and, being puahed forward, ia 
made to enter until the spring hitoh it ia made ti> catch, 
which holds the chw ia its place firmly, whiJe tho lamp /, 
being piuiheii forward by its himdle m, '- — '-'--' ' — '-- 



proper nlaoe in the lanthom, the sjiriug luWh * ii 
liberatsd by depreadng I, tho e ' • . < 

door of the iBnthom ia cloned. 



', tho empty oaao deUched, the 



Signal linthom, with improved humor. 

L^htiag cane, fur introducing the lamp into the lan- 
tbom in high windii. 

Table lamps, with pillars made of bog oak. 

Two haud-nignol lauipe, the one with white and red 
glass for railway guardx, and the other having white, 
green, and red glass for policemen, &c., on railways. 

The advonlagos of lam|w thuH constructed ore greatei 
certainty and qitioklMH u) giving sigDaln, batter light, 
■pcurity frnm aooidents or demngement, and greater fa- 
cility for rqioiring or glasng than those of the ordinary 
•OTt. Regiitcred. 



G98 CoTTAN & HiLLKH. 2 ICui/eg Slntl — Inventoia 
and Uauufscturere. 

Iron gates suitable for a ptirk entrance. An attempt 
to imitate the ancient wrought iron gates at omoU cost, 
by combining wrought and coat iron. 

Designs in iron for a stoircBse railing, &c. 

700 Ha»DMiK, JoitM, A Co., ffrait Cluirla Street, 
Uirmin-jhiini — Manafacturera. 

Wroiight-iron grate, with brass aud fire-irons ; the 
same, mounted with brass ; patterns of furniture for 
doom, cabinets, wardrolwa, fiic., in wrought-iron and 
brwa. Various articlw in brass and metal, for domestic 
and omaniental purposes. Casket of jewellery, consist- 
ing of girdle, brooches, crosses, earrings, 8to. 

[Much of the older wrought-iron work is tu^ly ui- 
ttirestiug. Twisted specimens are made by twisting the 
iron round when in a heate<l state; coutplei scrolls, 
flowere, &c., are made in purtions, and fitted together. 
-W.C.A.] 



'00a LlOTD & SUMMGniTEUI, Bin, 
Hanufhcturure . 
Chandelien, condelabni, lamps, &c. 



701 WlLTOS, F., I'M Hall, Wohcrhalr^im— 
Hanufacturer. 

Papier mochd trays, with views of Windsor Caittlu, 
Hulyrood, and Oleugnriff; the Sonsons, and soenes frotii 
Betiach's " Outlines of Faust," with various omamentK. 
Uiuis Quatorse ornaments and figum, after Watleau. 
Shell and Hca-weod boriler, with marine views, &c. 

Papier machj loo-labte, tazxa, cabuiet, and vasea. inlaid 
and omanLBnted. Wotteau cuol vase, and 8taffor\l scoop. 

Patent enamelled foot-bath, toilet-pait and con, printed 
in colours. 

Btuok-tin dish-covers. Kettles and stands, bronaed. 

Patent euamelled sponging and milk pons. 

[The ^plication of enamel coating to toilet sarvioeB is 
but of recent date, and is a great improvement over the 
ordinary painting. Such wares are ornamented by the 
transfer process, vii.. by printing imia copper plat« or 
rollers on paper, and then tiansfbrring the same to the 
utensil to be adorned (in the same nuuiner as earthenwart 
in tho biscuit sUto U orruunented).— W, C. A.] 



ir other fluid. 



703 NuNM, Aucu, a* Welheck Slnd, t 

New methoil and apparatus for worming several apart- 
menta from on ordinary domestic fire, and ventilating. 
VTamiing railway and printte carriages, halls, cvnservs- 
toriee, warehouses, shops, ships' cabins, &c., without fin 
therein. 

Robu; washing, rinsing, wringing, and steaming 
machine, for clothes and other textUo fabrics, diapensing 
IB or pails, capable of washing 
day, without tear or wear ti 

uBtus for washing, HusiDg, wrtngiii^ 

drying and airing clothes and iabiiea. 



with boiling ooppei 
Bay down ot clot 



705 TbdHPbon, T. H., C.E., 33 FarHatma Street, 
WatmimUr—Pttunlee. 
Specimens of ball-valvas, which cannot becoine Sisd 
so aa to produce either a flood or a defioienoy of water. 
The perpendicular principla with compenasting vain 
inside, die them for action under any prvanire. The; 
are mode of all shapes and siaos to suit various ntustiona, 
with the inlets at tbe top, bottom, side, and through, or 
with flanges. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND ORATES. 
, N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, 4 P. 3 TO 29. 



Setnr trap. It a complete with or without wator, and 
it cmDDot gape on account of a. aelf-actuig weighted 
litch, which nrtain< tlie pan id the cloaeiit position till 
Um requisite weight has accumulated, when it iuatan- 
taoeoualj dropa, diachargea ita contenta, and an quickly 
dcaal. "Hm pan cloaea against a ring of yulcauiied India- 
nibbar, wluch forma an air-tight joint, at all timaa. 



te Street, 



'hi COLVEBWELL, WlLLUJt, IG CAtv/ol 

Btachfrian Aoud— InTOntor. 
Re^atered portahls domeatic vapour bath ; it conaiata 
of a receptacle for water or odj medicated fluid, which a 
betted b; a apirit lamp; when hot, the vapour eacapea 
from the aidea cf aevenu little tubefl with flat eipanded 
btpa, b; meuia of which it ia equally diitributad, matead 
or paaing up in ■ single jet; there la alao an elaatic tube 
■tuch ioa,j bs fixed to one of the flues in tbe top of the 
tath, tbe otben being cloaed, by meam of which v^nur 
'le applisd local];. The aonezed cut npreaenta this 




Gud, bf Dieona of which vapoura nwy be applied locally; 
I, tubea with flat-expanded tope, bj meaua of which the 
T»pour can be more equally diasemiuated. 

755 JEiTcoir, F. L., 26 5iraH</— Inventor and 
Manufacturer, 
Improved bedateadn and bed for invalids, &c. Appa- 
ratus for heating laundry irons. 



792 MaCND, Edwin, 370 Or/^n/ S(r«(— Proprietor. 

Cmst-iron vnse Btove, admitting unobstructed vertical 
radiation; smoke descending. 



793 Mdwut. William, 20 JiAn Strtei, AdeMi— 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Self-cleanain); tubular Alter. 
Cumpematuig ball for ball taps, with tap complete. 



Lakb, W. R„ 221} fflnind— Inventor, 
mic percolator, or improved registered coflee-pot. 



dial weighing machine attAched, 
oioroent the weighla of various Eiiropeiui countries. 
Dial weighing mitcliina with jointed iron scale and cont- 
piund lever bracket, an used at railwny statinnit. Dinl 
weighing machine, with boolu for ogricultuial purposes, 



and with copper scale for domestic use. Machine with 
chair for weighing persons. 

Domeatic telegraph for communicatLng between rooms 

Dynamometer for ascertaining the draught of a plough, 
carriage, or horse. 

Hileometer for raeaauring distaocea from 1 mile to 
'.000 miles. 



S" iring roaatjog-jack. 
Ekchun for lowing 



r of n 



796 LOSEBT, E. T-, 44 Gerranl Street, Talington— 

Inventor, 
Registered portable crane shower-bath, combining bath 
and drying-room. 

797 DIXOM, J-, 4 Soss, SA*#eW— Manufacturers. 
Powder and pistol flasks, shot pouohoe, drinking flasks, 

&c., in predoua and other metals. 



'98 Warner, John, ft 8o»8, S Cnacml, Jewm Strut— 
Manufacturers, Inventors, and FatentAas. 

Cocks for steam, water, and gaa, of various patterns 
nd uzes. Sluice-cocks and valves for the same purposes. 

Check indicator, tor registering and delivering checks 
t the entrance of public buildings, &c. 




IBS ventilating bricks and 
windows, for hospitiils, factories, dairies, &c. 

A set of iniperinl standard weights and uieoaures, from 
I bushel to ) « gill, and from 50 lb. to J oz. Imperial 
yard measure. A set of weights and measures adjusted 

Bronzed and electro -plated tea-urns and coffee-pots of 
novel imtteme. 

Various lamps fur burning camphine, common oil, 
sperm oil, and I'almer's cnnrllos. Fancy candleeticks. 

Patent counter beer and eider engiueM. Garden syringes. 

Moilel jajHuned copper bath, with three-way cock, for 
the supply of hot and cold water, and copper builar for 



A set of stowpans, sn 






cutlet, 



iielet, and flying 



-Marie pun «nd fittinfiS. Stoi-kpot. Tvirbot-kettle. 

-kettles; bnuu grog kettles: kettles and sUinils. 

t of l.'! niusicid hand-1>e11s, &c. 

t of 116 muxical band-bells, set to the chromatic 

ram F in the ba*. to F in the treble clef. 

. water-closet, self-supplj-ing |ian. 

, with double-action pump, requiring no 



rubber valve 



clow 



Patent ship closet, capable of working below tlio le 
3f the sea. 

Patent pan clnsut, requiring no cistern or vnlvc ap 
■Htiis. Jennings [latent |ian closet. The above artii 

9tly the patent inventions of the exhibitors, and 



■e mostly the patent mvcntions of the e 
■e manufactured at their establishment. 



670 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



799 Wheeixb, C, Birmingham— Maniifactiirer. 
SpecimeDB of pearl buttons. 

800 De la Fon8, John Palmer, 13 Carlton Hiil, 

St, John's Wood — Inventor and Patentee. 

A lock, with a bolt that links into the striking-plate, 
which can be easily changed every day to prevent its 
being picked. Smaller lock. 

Model, representing a room with invisible Cutenings, 
for security against duiger. 

A sash-fastener, which draws the sashes together, to pre- 
vent them from rattling, and locks them at the same time. 
Model, showing the application and arrangement of the 
bolts. Novel mode of protection for bedroom or other 
doors, adapted for persons living in secluded Bituations. 

801 Jones, J., & Co., Sheffield — Manufacturers. 

Rust preventive composition. Samples of steel goods 
which have been exposed to the weather, the bright 
parts having been preserved with the composition. 

802 Robertson, Car». & Strkl, Chantry Work»y 

Sheffield — ^Manufacturers. 

Ornamental cast-iron mantelpiece, white and gUt, with 
burnished steel grate, the fire-bri<^ without a bottom 
grate, in order to economise the fuel. 

Ornamental cast-iron mantelpiece, in Berlin black, with 
dining-room grate complete. Another, with new arrange- 
ment of fire-grate. Provisionally registered. Another, 
with brass ornaments, and register grate complete. 

Bright drawing-room grate. Burnished steel drawing- 
room grate. A similar one, with gilt ornaments. Brass 
fenders, some with burnished steel. Sets of polished fire- 
irons, with brass and steel heads, plain, twisted, and 
octagon pattenu. 

804 KennaBD, R. W., Falkirk Iron Works, Falkirk, and 

67 Upper Thames Street, London — Manufacturer. 
Self-acting kitchen ranges; self-acting cottage range. 
Register grates. Arms of the United Kingdom — with the 
proper shields and crests, upon pedestal, with inscription. 
Arms of England. Various omamentad castings. Vase 
and pedestal, for the floor. 

805 Bailt, William, & Sons, 70 Oracechwch Street — 

Designers and Manufacturers. 

Pedestal stove, with ascending or descending flue, 
suitable for halls, vestibules, or public rooms; withbronzed 
candelabra on the top for gas, manufactured in wrought 
and cast-iron, and brass and enamelled slate. 

Fire-place of coloured marbles, with stove, suitable for 
reception rooms, saloons, &c., manufactured of porcelain, 
burnished steel, wrought and cast-iron, and brass. 



A piece of cast ornamental iron work, suitable for bal- 
cony or screen. 

Gothic chandelier for gas; and pedestal lamp. 

A glass case containing old English door handles, lotkM, 
bell pulls, &c. 

Gbthic stove, with ascending or descending flue, suit- 
able for public buildings, &c. 

A Gothic fire-dog, an Elizabethan fire-dog, and an or- 
namental fire-dog, with brass shield. 



806 Oyley, WnjJAM, & Co., Parkgate Steel Works, 

Jtotherham — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of steel suitable for engineering, tool -making, 
spindles, &c. ; also for carriage-springs of every descrip- 
tion. 

807 Chambebs, W., Brunswick Foundry, Oozells Street, 

Birmingham — Proprietor. 

Samples of steel sniiSers, showing the principal pro- 
cesses of manufacture, from the castings to the finished 
state. 

Specimens of carpenters' planes, made &om malleable 
iron, and other metals, with planed surfiioes, superseding 
planes made from wood ; iiao one in the rough state, 
showing the perfect malleability of the iron. 

Patent elastic metallic bed-sacking, showing the man- 
ner in which it is attached to wooden bedsteads. 



808 Thompson, F., Westfield Terrace, Sheffield— 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Patent gutta peroha skates. Specimens of various 
colours and combinations in imitation of rosewood, box- 
wood, ebony, marble, &c. These skates possess the ad- 
vantfi^g^ of lightness and excellence of material, improved 
shape and construction, great strength and durability, 
combined with novelty and richness of appearance. 



810 Jennings, G., Oreat Charlotte Street, Blackfriars 

Road — Manufacturer. 

Patent India rubber tube water-closets in section. 
These closets were chosen by Messrs. Fox and Henderson, 
and are fixed in the superior refreshment courts of the 
building. 

Patent India-rubber tube cocks, various sorts. 

Patent improved cistern valve. 

Patent shop shutter shoe, for securing shop shutters 
without a bar. 

Improved mope and brushes for cleaning railway and 
other carriages, the same being self -supplying. 

Patent joint for connecting lead and other pipes without 
solder. 




WOliKS IX PKECIOUS METALS, .lEWELLKItY, ETC. 



INTRODUCTION. 

The present Class compriHCS clyocts of great attractiveness lo almost every iuJividual, The <i|ii>o[tiuiity tliey 
iSun\ for thv ilisi'lay of taslc and skill, auil oveii of a high descriiitiini uf urt, coiiiljined witli tlie intrinsic 
lianty aud value of the Diaterial in which these objects arc wrou^lit, makes them an extremely interesting 
•tudy. It Is impossible, also, other coiuiiderations bciu^ disre^rdeil, to sii]>|iress a. fcrliu^ ofsuqirise and 
ulniiration at tbo massive clmractcr of many of the articles in this CIush, iudicatinK the wealth and resources 
4 the niauufacturers. As an iustancc ma; be mentioned, a. solid silver talilc-top, fifty-five indies in diameter, 
iiid weiiihina: nearly nine hundred ounces. But when it is coiisidercil that u]K>n the reduction of tlie unsha|<en 
iiet^il into its preseiit form, the artist and mechanic have holli been occupied, and Cliat tlie result ia to 
ndicate not leM the talent of the one than the industrial skill of the other, these ohjecls, whatever their 
ia' or intrinsic value, assmiie, in proportion to the degree of talent aud labour employed in their manufacture, 

I new and higher value. 

Tlie fhiHS is divisible into the following Sub-Classes : — A. Communion Services ; B, Articles of Gold and 
'liver I'late fur decorative rnirpoBcB, and Presentation Pieces ; C. Smaller Articles for more general domestic 
ISC ; 1>. Elect ro-i>lnteil Goods of all descriptions, com)ireheDdin^ all that can be executed in Silver and other 
tfetais : K. Shefhcid and other Plated Goods ; P. Gilt and Or-molu Work ; G. Jewellery, inclusive of Precious 
■t'lnes and Omameuts worke<l in Ivory, Jet, Sec. ; H. Ornaments and Toys, worked in Iron, Steel, and any 
■iher metal, which an' neither precious metals not imitations of litem, as Chalflains of Steel, (.'haiiis of Steel, 
'uonl-hiltH, Cut-steel Shoe and Knee Buckles, Ike. ; I. Euauielliug and Damanfiie Work ; and J. Articles of 
iv- or cnriiHiity not included in the iirc