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Audi alteram partem. 

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Audi alteram -partem. 




Lowell, Mass., July 22, 18G5. 
Right Rev. Thomas M. Clark, Bishop of Rhode Island. 

Dear Sir, — On the second of November last, you wrote 
to me calling attention to the arrest of Chaplain Henry N. 
Hudson, asking his release, if consistent with public duty, 
at the same time calling my attention to statements of sup- 
posed facts as to his confinement. 

As I had released him from imprisonment before your 
note was received, farther reply to it at that time seemed 
not to be required. Subsequently, however, a pamphlet 
has been published by him, wherein like misstatements to 
those made to you are set down. 

Your knowledge of me from my earliest boyhood ; your 
uniform kindness toward me ; your high position in that 
ministry and church of which Hudson rightly claims him- 
self to be an "unworthy member," all concur to induce 
me to lay before you, in a few words, all my connection 
with Hudson, so that at least I may have place in your 
good opinion, which I have long cherished as a high stand- 
ard of criticism for my conduct in life. 

I therefore send you copies of all the official documents 
in relation to Chaplain Hudson, with a full report of my 
Provost Marshal. From these it will be seen that every 
charge of ill treatment, official or personal ill conduct, to- 
ward Chaplain Hudson, is untrue in fact. 

You Avill not expect me to answer or retort the scurril- 
ous language of the Chaplain's production. Neither shall 
T make use of the material so amply furnished me and in 
my possession, to show his utter worthlessness of personal 
character, and other unfitness for the appointment which 
Governor Seymour conferred upon him, for if I have real- 
ly done h'm wrong, it is no answer for me to show that he 
was a scoundrel before he was a Chaplain, as in the latter 
capacity only he came under my supervision. 

Stripped of the verbiage. Chaplain Hudson's complaints- 
are, 1st. That I confined him in a "Ball Pen." 2d. That I 
put him in a Magazine tent, liable to explosion, to torture, 
if not to kill him. 3d. That I kept him so confined, know- 
ing him to be innocent of all wrong, for a length of time^ 
for the purpose of oppres&ion. 

As to the first charge, reiterated on every page, of con- 
finement in a " Bull Pen," you will be surprised to learn 
that there was no enclosure whatever around the tent or 
camp, wherein Chaplain Hudson was confined. That his 
tent, until he was removed to a building, after cold weather 
set in, was precisely like that of each of my Staff Officers 
and was situated in the same field with theirs, not sixty 
yards from my own tent ; and the only restraint the Chap- 
lain suffered was not being allowed to leave the Camp. 
Any body saw him that chose ; he received and sent away 
anything he chose ; wrote anything to anybody ; and the 
only request as to a change in his condition ever made by 
him to me was to be allowed to preach. This was refused,. 
as I thought, and I doubt not the readers of his book will 
think, that we had had enough of that. 

>iccondIi/. As to torturing him in a magazine tent liable 
to explosion. 

"This the Chaplain alleges ho occupied only two days. 
He was at first put into a large tent, which contained a few 
shells and metallic cartridges, brought to me by the in- 
ventor for an experiment. That was the only place in 
which he could be sheltered for the night after he came. 
This was without my knowledge, but had I known of the 
<3ondition of the tent, I certainly should have ordered it, 
as the place where he could be most comfortable. 

These same shells had stood in my own tent more than 
fifteen days, and had only been removed thence because I 
needed the room to accommodate my business. A possible 
explosion would have been as dangerous to myself and 
Staff as to Hudson, exc-ept our final distination would 
have been different. 

The other charge is as easily met. 

My first knowledge of Hudson was from an examina* 
tion of a report of absent officers, July 1st, 1864, where I 
f )und the Chaplain of the 1st N. Y. Engineers was absent 
without leave, and I ordered his return to duty forthwith. 

True, I had heard of a clergyman of that name who had 
(juit his profession and retaken his old one to give strolling 
readings of Ehakspeare, but I did not know that he had 
come into the army. Some time afterwards I learned that 
Hudson had left his post of duty and gone to New York, 
on pretence of reading proof of a book being published by 
General Gilmore for his private emolument, but really in 
order to be out of the way to avoid an investigation into 
the authorship of certain libellous publications, in which 
the Chaplain and Gilmore were implicated, and which Gil- 
more had denied. 

When in New York, on the first of September following, 
the fact was brought to my notice that Hudson was lurk- 

6 * 

ing about the country, Imving received my order to retura 
to duty and refused to obey it. 

As his pretext for absence was equally invalid as the 
true reason, and as be had refused to obey orders for two 
months witho^ut explanation, and been absent from duty 
from May 29th to September, on my return to the army I 
issued an order for his arrest and return, under guard if 

Upon his examination, a copy of which, taken in short 
hand, will be found in Lieut. Davenport's report, Hudson 
confessed in substance that he wrote a libellaus article up- 
on myself, submitted it to Gilmore, and Gilmore on being 
asked by myself, had denied any knowledge of the fact. 
Hudson was by him sent out of the Department, lest their 
complicity should be discovered. 

That this was, on the part of both, the grossest violation 
of duty, none need be told, even if the pretense of busi- 
ness on which Hudson was sent at New York was true. 

His guilt being confessed, a trial to ascertain it would 
be but a form. 

Telling Hudson, at the time, that I could not dispose 
of his case because it was complicated with an offense 
personal to myself, I ordered him to await trial, under 
close arrest, because he had disobeyed orders and refused 
to return to duty. 

The movements of the army gave me no time to organize 
a Court proper for his trial, even if I had the power ; 
being in the light of prosecutor, and then other and more 
important objects took my attention than Chaplain Hudson. 

In the meantime. Chaplain Hudson was kept confined 
with as little restraint as possible, consistent with safe 

keeping, until, upon the representation of some gentle- 
men, while in New York, at the time of the Election, and 
because I had been ordered there on duty for an indefinite 
period, so that I might not be able to have him tried, 
I ordered his release from confinement, but retained him 
in his regiment to be tried. 

Afterwards, in my absence at the South, Chaplain 
Hudson obtained leave of absence from General Grant, 
and went home, where he resigned a commission he 
ought never to have held, and the duties of which he 
did not perform. 

You will not expect me to reply farther to the Chaplain 
than by this plain statement of facts. Indeed, I have grave 
doubts whether I should have replied at all. Loyal and 
true men who desire to think well of me as rendering ser- 
vice to the country^ will do so in spite of the Chaplain's 
abuse. The disloyal, and those who carp at every act of 
officers who have offered their labors and lives to defeat the 
rebellion, would not believe in the integrity of my actions, 
although one should rise from the dead to vouch for them. 

Washington was accused of selecting a site for the Capi- 
tal which bears his name, as a land speculation. 

Jackson was placarded in the streets of London as a 
"beast," and a humble lover of his country can well ben r 
less infliction. 

Meanwhile I rejoice in the belief that I am hated and 
contemned by every rebel and traitor and their sympathi- 
sers, and vilified and abused by every incompetent officer 
of my army whom I have punished. But I humbly hope 
that the faithful and deserving officers of my command 
will bear witness to my endeavor to do my duty to the 

army and the country, and loyal and just and true men 
will accord to me a portion, at least, of the high motives 
of patriotism and honor which inspired their own hearts to 
uphold the Union in the bitter struggle for its life. 

Believe me, 

Most truly your friend and servant, 


Lowell, Mass , June 20, 1865. 
John I. Davenport, Esq. 

My dear Sir, — Altliougli not under my command, be- 
cause of your honorable discharge from the Army after 
meritorious services, yet may I call upon you to perform a 
semi-official duty ? 

Have you seen a pamphlet circulated by one Hudson, a 
former Chaplain, who was under your charge as Assistant 
Provost Marshal of the Army of the James ? 

If so, please report the facts and circumstances within 
your information, concerning the matters treated of by 

You are aware, I know, that I never saw Chaplain Hud- 
son but once, and that was at the time he was under ex- 

"Whatever happened to him must therefore have been in 
pursuance of official orders, which you will please embody 
in your Report. 

Respectfully yours, 


Major General. 

July 1st, 1865. 
Maj. Gen'l Benj. F. Butler, Lowell, Mass. 

My dear General, — I have recently seen a scurrilous 
and abusive pamphlet, of some sixty-six pages, entitled, 
''A Chaplain's Campaign with General Butler," published 


hy one Henry N. Hudson, late Chaplain in the First 
New York Volunteer Engineers. 

Being in possession of the facts of which the Chaplain 
claims to speak, and also of the most of the documentary 
evidence in his case, and being aware that you, General, 
never saw him but once, for a short period, at the time 
of his examination by yourself, or had aught to do with 
him save indirectly, and that through myself as Assistant 
Provost Marshal of the Army of the James, I willingly 
avail myself of an opportunity to make to you a full re- 
port of all that I know in regard to Chaplain Hudson, his 
case, his arrest, his confinement, and his treatment, as a 
matter of simple justice, knowing, as I do, how largely 
his story has been made the suhject of newspaper gossip and 
public talk, so that the public, to whom Chaplain Hudson 
has " appealed ", shall know what mann'^T of man he is, 
and how basely and grossly he has misrepresented facts. 

About the first of July, 1864, it was first officially 
])rought to your notice that Chaplain Hudson was absent 
from his regiment and post of duty. You at once directed 
inquiry to be made as to his whereabouts, and the reason 
of his absence. From your conversation at the time, I 
learned that prior thereto, you had never seen or known 
him, or of him. 

Upon searching the records of the department, no 
*' leave of absence," or anything to throw light upon his 
absence could be found. Inquiry was thereupon made of 
Brig. General Brooks, commanding the 10th army corps, 
(General Gihnore having been relieved), and it was found 
that the Chaplain was North, under an order issued by 
General Gilmore on the 20th day of May, which order 


never passed through, or received approval, at your Head- 
quarters, as it should have done. 

At the same time that these inquiries were thus being 
made, it was reported to you, from New York, that the 
Chaplain was in that city, having apparently nothing to 
do, and doing that well. In order to bring him back, the 
following Special Order was issued and sent him, through 
his Colonel, who was then in New York, upon "special 

Headquarters Department Yirgixia and North Carolixa, 

Ix the Field, Ya., July 3, 18G4. 
Special Orders, 

No. 180. 

IV. Chaplain Hudson, 1st New York Volunteer Engineers, now in New 

York, on business, will return without dela.v to duty with his regiment. 

By comuiaud of Maj. Gex. Butler. 

(Signed) K. S. DAVIS, 

A.isi. Adjt. General. 

This order. Colonel Serrell afterwards informed you, he 
gave to Chaplain Hudson. 

Nothing further was thought of the matter, as it was 
supposed that the Chaplain had obeyed your order, and 
returned to duty with his regiment. 

Sometime during the following month, August, it was 
oificially brought to your notice that he had not obeyed the 
order, but was still absent without leave. 

About the first of September, being myself with you at 
New York, for a few days, you there learned that the Chap- 
lain was still North, where he had been amusing himself in 
traveling in Eastern New York and Western Massachusetts 
for more than three months, while his regiment was in the 
field in face of the enemy. On returning to the front, it 
being found that a peremptory order to him " to return to 
duty with his regiment," had no effect, by your direction 


I wrote and sent the following telegram to Colonel Serrell. 

IIeadquarteus Department Virgixia axd North Carolina, 
Army of the James, 

In the Field, September 13, 18C-t. 
Col. Edward W. Serrell, 

57 West Washington Place, New York. 
Find Chaplain Hudson of 3'our regiment, who is ordered to report to his 
regiment, wlio has failed to obey the order. Take his parole in writing that 
he will report here forthwith. If he fails to give his parole, have him sent 
here under guard. 
Your special attention is called to the execution of this order. 

(Signed) BENJ. F. BUTLER, 

Major- General Commanding. 

In accordance with this instruction, Colonel Serrell did 
find Hudson, gave him your orders, and at six o'clock and 
thirty minutes in the afternoon of the same day, (Sept. 
13 th), Hudson gave Colonel Serrell his parole " to report 
forthwith at the Headq^uarters of the Department." 

How promptly Colonel Serrell obeyed his orders may be 
seen from the fact that in his official report of his action, 
he states " within an hour after the receipt of the order, 
it was executed and the parole given." 

At about half-past six on the evening of the 19th, six 
days afterwards, (the trip could be made in thirty-six 
hours), Chaplain Hudson reported himself at Headquarters. 
Before the order of Sept. 13th was sent, however, you 
had ascertained wiih certainty that Chaplain Hudson was 
the author of certain statements, which first appeared iu 
the columns of the New York Evening Post, on or about 
the 21st of May, 1864, and which were copied into most 
of the leading journals of the country, which statements 
reflected very calumniously and unjustly upon your action 
in the command of your army at the battle of Proctor's 
Creek, in front of Drury's Bluff, Va., and cited General 
Gilmore as authority for the criticism. 


These statements, as will he seen by the note of General 
Gilmore to you, were untrue, and defamatory, calculated 
to hold up to public hatred and contempt the acts of his 
military superior, in direct yiolation of Article XXVI of 
the Army Regulations, prohibiting all criticisms, either 
public or private, by a subordinate oificer upon the acts of 
his superior. 

The article in the Post, purporting to come from the 
10th Army Corps, was copied into the Herald, where it 
was first seen by yourself, the 2Gth of May, whereupon the 
following letter was sent to General Gilmore, then in com- 
mand of that Corps. 

1Ikadquai:tei!S Dei'autmext Viugima and Noktii Cakolixa, 

In tiik Field, Ya., May 26, 18G4. 

General,— I see by an article in the New York Herald, said to be " derived 

from authentic sources," that "General Gilmore earnestly advised him (me) 

to make bis (my) position secure by intrcnchmonts against sorties, or any 

movements of the enemy to oust (him) me from them," when before Fort Dar- 

■ ling, and that I answered " that I could not pause for defensive preparation." 

This is the first I ever heard of this. Did you, or do you authorize it? 

Please answer and correct an injustice. 

Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 
(Signed) BENJ. F. BUTLER, 

Major- General Commanding. 
P. S. I send the article by my Chief of Staff, who will take answer. 
(Signed) B. F. B. 

Major Geneual Q. A. Gilmore, Com'dg 10th Army Corps. 

To this General Gilmore returned the following : 

Headquarters 10th Army Conrs, 

May 2G, 18G4. 
SLvjor-General Butler, Commanding. 

General, — In reply |o your note of this date, I beg leave to say that J 

know not who the author of the editorial in the Herald of yesterday is, and 

that I did not, and do not authorize it. I never advised you as stated. I 

sent a Staff Officer to j'ou in regard to certain changes in the line, but there 

was not time to make those changes, even if they had been ordered. 

Very respecfully, 

(Signed) Q. A. GILMORE, Major-General 

This, and your letter to General Gilmore, were then 
forwarded to the Editor of the New York Evening Post, 
with the following note to him : 

Hkadquakters Depautmext Virginia and Nonrn Carolina, 

In the Field, May 27, 1864. 
To the Editor of the Evening Post: 

It is a rare occurrence for me to undertake to correct the misrepresenta- 
tions of the press. I generally prefer to suffer. But a paragraph, an ex- 
tract of which only I see, in the " Herald," has such a tendency to shake the 
confidence of my command in the officer to whom the Government has seen 
fit to entrust the direction of the operations here, and is as unjust, as well 
to my own reputation, as to the reputation of General Gilmore, if he could 
be supposed, for a moment, to advise such a stupidity in engineering and 
military operations as that suggested in your article, that "to supply tae 
ripe wants of a friend, I break a custom." 

Upon seeing the article, a copy of which I enclose, I addressed the en- 
closed note to General Gilmore and received the enclosed answer, official 
copies of which I send you. You will make such use of them as your sense 
of right and justice, to which I appeal, may dictate. I have great prefer- 
ence, however, not to appear in print with any comments upon my military 
operations, in ray own name. 

You would do me a great favor, and subserve the cause of truth and jus- 
tice, if you would give me the name of your "authentic source." 

I have the honor to be 
, Your obedient servant, 

(Signed; BENJ. F. BUTLER, 

Major-Gcneral Commanding. 

In response to this letter the editor of the Post published 
General Gilmore's letter to you, but at the same time took 
pains to remark that he "did not see how his authentic 
source could be so mistaken." 

It probably perplexed the Chaplain considerably to knov/ 
how you discovered that he was the author of the publica- 
tion, for if he should ask the editor of *the Post, (and he 
doubtless has long ago so done), he will learn that the ed- 
itor did not fj\e you the information, although requested 
so to do. 


This then was the condition of this affair at the time of 
Chaplain Hudson's reporting at Headquarters. He was 
known to be guilty, 

I. Of a gross disobedience of orders in not returning 
to duty with his regiment, as ordered, in violation of Par- 
agraph I, Article I, Army Regulations. 

II. Of a gross violation of Article XXVI, Army Eegu- 
lations, in writing the letter to the Post. 

III. Of stating as fact, that which was false, so found 
by General Gilmore's letter to you. 

IV. Of having deserted his post of duty in* the face of 
the enemy without proper authority, and so remaining ab- 
sent from his post, after being ordered to return — an of- 
fence for which many a private soldier has been " shot to 
death with musketry." 

Of these criminal acts he was known to be guilty — no 
further proof of these were needed. These would justify 
the severest punishment. But you believed General, that 
these were not a// of the crimes of which Chaplain Hudson 
was guilty. ' 

Chaplain Hudson reported to me on the evening of Sept. 
19th, when in the usual course of business, I took him to 
your tent for examination. Upon being informed who he 
was, you directed him to a seat, and stated that you desired 
to hear from him such an explanation as he desired to 
make, in relation to his conduct in disobeying the order of 
July 3rd, and that perhaps, under the circumstances, the 
easiest way of ascertaining the facts would be by answer- 
ing your questions. 

Let me say here, that on page 16 of his Pamphlet, 
Chaplain Hudson says, that there was a "Lieutenant, a 
short-hand writer, sitting behind the table, who kept writ- 


ing all the while, evidently taking us down." This was 
the fact. J was the "Lieutenant" to whom he refers, 
and did "takedown" just what was said on the occa- 
sion, and here, therefore, I insert from my phonographic 
notes, a true and complete copy of 


Question.— Why have you been away so long from your command? 

Answeu. — I have had sickness and death in my family. I had two little 
boys — one of them died, and my wife was clear broken down ; I have also 
been sick myself. I went home under orders from General Gilmore. This 
was on the 29th of May. 

Q. — What did General Gilmore send you to New York for? 

A. — I went to superintend the printing of some documents of General 
Gilmore's that were then in press; his book about affairs in the Depart- 
jiient of the South — at Charleston and Morris Island. General Gilmore was 
to send me on special instructions. I afterwards heard that my little boj' 
was sick, and General Gilmore gave me an order to enable me to go to my 
family. The book of General Gilmore's was to be published by Van Nos- 
trand & Co., New York, and 1 wrote to Van Nostrand after I got home to 
know if any instructions had come. Mr. Van Nostrand said there had not^ 
and they never did come. In the meantime General Gilmore was relieved. 
My family were at Northampton, Mass. As soon as I could, I came to New 
York for instructions. I found Colonel Serrell, and he told me your order 
was for me to return. Your order was dated July the third. I went then 
and asked Colonel Serrell where the headquarters of the regiment were, and 
where I should report. He said, "I don't know Chaplain; I don't know but 
I am as much headquarters as anything. I don't know where they are, they 
are so scattered about." 

Q. — You were to ^'return to duty with your regiment ?" 

A. — Yes sir, but I went to him to get advice as to where I should report. 
He said, "Eeally,I don't know where headquarters now are." The next day 
I got advices that Mrs. Hudson was worse than she had been. I then went 
to the Colonel again, and he told me he could not give me permission to go to 
her ; that he could not overrule your order ^ and that I must ^'return to ditty,'^ 
I then went nojiE, and I have been in bad health since. Last summer I had 
bilious intermittent fever, and I had to take a great deal of quinine and blue 
pills, &c., and I thought then I should have to get out of the service; so I 
went to see General Dix, after I got my order to return to duty, to see if 1 
could not get my resignation accepted, and he told me I would have first to cor,ie 
here in accordance with my order — that you could not accept it until I had re- 


'Q.— "Well, Chaplain, let me call your attention to another paft of this mat- 
ter. In the first place, some time in May you wrote a communication to the 
Evening Post, of New York, commenting very hatshly nnd unjustly upon my 
military conduct at the battle of Drury's Bluff ? 

A.— I wrote a private letter to Parke Godwiu, the Editor, which he after- 
wards published. 

Q.— And to get rid of the consequences of that, General Gilmore, after 
first having publicly denied that he ktreW anything of the letter or the author, 
sent you away to attend to some private business for him? 

A 1 don't know that. On Saturday, the tweniy-eighih of May, I saw Gon- 

ef al Gilmore at his headquarters, atrd he told me he desired me to go to New 
York for him, and see about the pilblishing of his book at Van Nostrand's. 
That evening, after I saTv General Gilmore, I got a telegram informing me 
of the sickness of my little boy. 

Q.— General Gilmore, sir, is an • *, He sent you away on a 

false pretence. 

A. — That was not my fault. 

Q._Stop talking, sir, and listen to me. On the 28th of May, General Gil- 
more gives you, the writer of that letter, permission to go North — aye, to go 
Notth on pretended business, and that of a private nature entirely, and for 
him, in order that his complicity in the matter may not be discovei-ed. 

A. — I don't kiiozn, sir. I only know that I wrote a private letter to Parke 
Godwin, which was published in the Post. 

Q.— Do you not know that General Gilmore denied all knowledge of that 
letter or its author? 

A.-^Yes sir^, 1 am aware of General Gilmore's note to you. 

Q. — Did not General Gilmore know of your writing that letter before it was 
sent ? 

A.^^I don't know (hesitatingly). 

Q. — Did he not know of it before it was sent ? 

A. — I think so. 

Q. — Do you not know thai he did f 

A. — Tes sit. 

Q.^And before you went* 

A.^^ Yes sir. 

Q,.—^And was not that the reason of ki-s sending yon awsry ? 

A.-^l can't say that 1 know it was. 

Q. — Don't you know that Was the reason? 

A r-I thought at the time that it was. 

■Q. — ITad you amy doubt in your own Wvind on ihi subject ? 

A. — I did not know how necessary the business was that General Gilmore 
pfofessedly sent me on. I thought that was the reason of his sending me atcay. 
I had but little conversation icith General Gilmore. 

* An epithet was used here more fbrclblc'than polished. 


Q.— From whom did you get the facts that you undertook to gfve in your 
letter to the Post? 
A.— I got them from some of the officers in our regiment. 
Q.— From whom, sir? 

A. — The Colonel first told me of some of them, I think. 
Q Have you taken your pay as an officer for the time you have been loaf- 
in ; and lying around New York ? 

A._I received ray pay to the first of July. I got it in New York on Gec- 
eral Gilmore's order. Major Pratt paid it to me on the first or second of 
.July. It is marked on the order somewhere. But General, you don't know 
me, sir. I have always been friendly towards you, sir. I think you are a 
very smart man. 

Q.— Don't tell me that, sir. I don't want you or anyone else to think me 
a smart man, and when a man tells me that he wrote such a letter as yon 
. liave, and then that he was and is friendly towards me, he simply lies, sir, 
and I tell you I won't be insulted by your fawning here. You wrote a let- 
ter to the press in which you undertook to gfve your opinion of the con- 
duct of a campaign of which you knew nothing; Then, when stir was made 
about it, you was sent by General Gilmore to New York, on private business 

for hira yes, on pretended business, of which there was no business wliat- 

ever. There you remained without ever receiving any instructions as to bus- 
iness, nor had you any busiaess theve, yet still you remained away till 
General Gilmore was removed, as the * should have been long be- 
fore, because this transaction stamps hira a * in addition to being 

incompetent. He used his power and the public money to keep an ofiker 
away from his post and his duties, for private purposes solely. 

A.— I expected some business, all the time. I wrote to Van Nostrand to 
know whether he had received any orders from General Gilmore for me. 

Q. After you knew that Gilmore was removed, you were aware that you 

neither had or could feave, any d»ty or business in New York or North ? 

A,— I was expecting some oi-ders still, after General Gilmore was removed. 
I did as well as I know how. 

Q.— Then why, after the third of July, being "ordered to return lo duty 
with your regiment," did you remain away without excuse? 
A.— I had sickness in my family. 

Q._You knew, and know very well,, that that was no excused 
A. — I supposed it was. 

Q._You stultify yourself, sir, when you say that. 

\._Do you remember, General, that I am a bereaved man. I have lost 
my son by sickness. 

Q Do you think you are the only bereared man? I ai30 «m one. 

A.— I think every man is to be respected, sir. 

* An epithet was used here more forcible tbraa polished. 


<Q.— Not unless be behaves well. When did your child die ? 

A. — On the second of June. 

IJ. — What have you been doing since; it is now the month of September? 

A. — My wife and I have both of us been sick. I could not come. 

Q. — When I got my hand on you, you came quick enough. Do you sup- 
pose, sir, that because your child died on the second of June, you could re- 
main away from your duty, drawing, and expecting to draw your pay, until 
the 19th of Septjomber, 

A.— I sent my resignation in on the first of September. ' I mm aware that 
ray course, as it appears to you, is wrong. 

Q. — Tell me the man of common intelligence to whom it would not appear 
wrong, and I will send you to him to be tried. You have violated my pri- 
vate feelings as well as military law, and because of this I do not think I 
am in a condition to make personal disposition of your case. You are not 
the greatesit criminal. You are the cat's paw that Oen«ral Gilmorehas used 
to pull the hot chestnuts out of the fire. Lieutenant Davenport, confine 
Chaplain Hudson somewhere at headcjuarters till disposition can be made of 
his case. Send for his trunk. Put Mm by himself, apart from the other 

On page 16 of his Pamphlet, the Chaplain adds, in ref- 
•erence to my taking notes, the following : 

" I could not help fearing," &c., " left the sequel of all this should be, a 
Eutlerized version of our int'erview, published to the world." 

As a ^^ Butler ized version" of any transaction, in m/ 
experience is always the party's own words and the official 
documents and records of his own acts, perhaps this ex- 
amination may come under that title. But if " Butler- 
ized " in any other sense than this, General, you certainly 
are not to blame for it, for I know that since it was taken 
<lown until you may read it here, you have never seen 
either my Phonographic minutes of it, or any written out 
report, as I never have written one until I was compelled 
so to do for the purpose of inserting it here. What it is, 
is just what it purports to be — nothing more — nothing less. 
It is an official record of an official examination of <in in- 
ferior officer (one Chaplain Hudson) by his Commanding 


General, instituted' for the puTpose of ascertaining why 
such inferior officer had disobeyed the lawful orders of his 
superior, and committed other gross violations of military 
laws, orders and regulations, and also if there was reason- 
able ground to believe that the accused person ought to be 
sent before a Court Martial for trial, and be kept under 
arrest until the exigencies of the service would allow a 
Court to be assembled. 

It is also the record of an examination wherein the 
statements of such inferior officer are made upon his- 
<' honor as an officer and gentleman,'' which gives to them- 
under military usage and custom, the force ^ solemnity and 
strength of statements under oathy and is a record that 
would be received in evidence by any Court were the 
Chaplain on trial. 

Now, as Chaplain Hudson has made several different 
statements, his pamphlet letter to you being at least the third 
I have seen, copies of all of which I have, I propose tc 
compare them ; and by so doing, you will see^ General, not 
only that he has told different stories about the same trans- 
actions, but alsoy upon his examination before you, he 
got a great deal nearer the truth than he has since been 
able to do. 

It should be remembered that the statements to you up- 
on his examination, were made at a time when naturally 
he would be desirous of presenting his case as favorably 
a6 he coukl, and be likely to say all be could by way of 
palliation or excuse for his conduct. 

I will therefore compare the Chaplain's statements made 
under the conditions and in the frame of mind which he- 
appears t>o have been in on the 4th of Jantsaiy, 1865, (the 


date of Ills pamphle't letter), with those made by him to his 
•Commanding General, upon " his honor as an officer and a 
gentleman," on the evening of September 19th, 1864. 
On page 4 of his letter, it appears : 

" Ou the 29th of May, General Gilmore ordered me to New York on spec- 
ial duty; which duty, be said, was to superintend the printing of some offi- 
cial matter to be published by Mr. Van Nostrand. The General, on giving 
one the order, said he would senvl to the publisher for me, particular instruc- 
tions in what I was to do. As I had, tJie night before, learned by telegraphy 
that my sou William was very dangerously ill, the General gave me, at the 
:same time, permission to go to my family in Massachusetts." 

It will be jioticed although he here states that he 
was ordered to New York on the 2Qth of May " on special 
duty, &c.", that he very adroitly adds that "the nig'ht 
l)efore the order was given " he heard that his *' son Wil- 
liam was very dangerously ill," and that therefore Gen- 
eral Gilmore gave him, " at the same time, permission to 
go to his family," in Massachusetts. 

The Chaplain evidently desires that it should be inferred 
from this that General Gilmore, learning from him that his 
son was sick, gave him an order to go to New York for 
him (Gilmore) on the 29th of May, in order to permit 
Hudson to go to his family. 

This carefully covered implication might not be worth 
noticing, were it not for the fact, that ever since his 
(Hudson's) arrest, both himself and his friends for him, 
have on several public occasions^ not only allowed it to be 
inferred that his only errand home was to see a dying 
child, but have positively and directly stated such to be 
the faot- To show there can be no mistake in this matter 
I will give a specimen instance of such statements. 

In a memorial made by the Chaplain and on his behalf^ 
to the Secretary of War, (mentioned on page 32 of his 

• 22: 

letter), a eopy of which with all the papers connectetS 
therewith are now in my possession, and which memorial, 
Stephen P. Nash of New York forwarded, are these 
words : 

"His (Chaplain Hudson's) leave of absence was granted, hy reason of the 
illness of his oldest son, who died before his arrivak" 

This being now given as the cause of his absence, let 
us look for a moment at the Chaplain's statements, made 
upon his examination. There he said : 

*'' On Saturday, the twenty-eighth of May, I saw General Gilmore at his 
headquar|;ers, iand hd told me he desired me to go to Kew York for him, and 
see about the publishing af his book at Van Nostrand's. That evening (the- 
twenty ^eighth) after I saw General Gilmore, I got a telegram informing me 
of the sickness of my little boy." 

He also says in the examination i 

'^'I afterwards heard that ray little boy wai; sick, and General Gilmore gave 
me an order to enable me to see my family." 

Again : 

" I weht home under orders from General Gilmore. This was on the 29th 
of May." 

This was the fact. On the 28?A of May, General Gil- 
more gave Hudson a verbal order to go to New York for 
him (Gilmore). This Was before either knew of the son's 
sickness (the 28th). During the evening of that day 
(the 28th), after seeing General Gilmore and receiving from 
him his verbal instructions, the Chaplain learned, by tele- 
graph, of his son's sickness. This is his first knowledge of 
if. The next day (the 29th), the Chaplain went to Gen- 
eral Gilmore 's Headquarters to obtain his written order to 
proceed to New York upon the General's business, as he 
had been told to do the day before, and then first informed 


(ireneral Gilmore of the illness. Hearing this, General 
Oilmore gave the Chaplain permission to go from New 
York, where he had the day before ordered him on his 
business, to Boston, Massachusetts, to see his family. 

Here is General Gilmore 's Special Order, which settles 
this point : 


Ik the Field, xear Hatchers, Va., 

May 29, 1804. 
bPECiAL Order, 

No. 29. 
Chaplain H. N. Hudson, 1st N. Y. Vol. Engineers will proceed to Now York 
as early as practicable, and transact the business directed by the Major Gen- 
eral commanding. 

By comraand of Major-General Q. A. Gilmore. 

Capt. 47th N. Y. Vols., 
Ad. Asst. Adjt. Gen. 

This order was issued in accordance with General Gil- 
more's directions, the 28th, before the son's sickness was 
known. On the 29th General Gilmore sent the Chaplain 
the following letter : 

Headquarters IOtii Army Corps, 
AssT. Adjt. Gen.'s Office, 

In the Field, near Hatchers, Va., 

May 21), 1864. 
Chaplain H. N. Hudson, 1st N. Y. Vol. Engineers. 

Sir, — I am directed by the Commanding General to express his assent to 
your going from New York to Boston, on private business. This will be 
your authority. 

Very respectfully 

Your obedient servant, 
(Signed) ISRAEL R. SEALY, 

Capt. i7th Vols., A. A. A. Gen. ' 

The Chaplain is ordered to New York *' to transact the 
business directed by the General Commanding " (the lOth 


Corps). What is tkat business? The Chaplain, when 
asked upon his examination, replied : 

" It was to superintend the printing of sonae documents of General Gi}- 
more's that were in press ; his book about affairs in the Department of the 
South — at Charleston and Morris Island. "^ 

In other words, to revise the printing o-f a book pub- 
lished by General Gilmore, for his own profit, to advertise 
his own exploits, a purely private enterprise. A Major 
General in command of an Army Corps, without the au- 
thority of his Departmental Commander, sends a Chap- 
lain from his post of duty with his regiment, then under 
fire, and his services needed, if ever, to New York on a 
personal errand for the General, and this too known to the 
Holy man, who draws his pay for more than three months 
from the United States, while pretending to do General 
Gilmore's own business. This is not all. The face of 
General Gilmore's order bears the following endorsement: 

Quartermaster's Office, 
• BALTiMOjiE, June 1, 18G4, 

Transpr. furnished Bait, to New York, to Chaplain Hudson. 

(Signed) CH. M. CUMMIXGS, 

Captain and A. Q. ,1/, 

Thus it appears, that General Gilmore permitted Chap- 
lain Hudson to receive, and he did receive, transportation 
at the expense of the Government, while traveling on the 
General's business of a private character. Here is an- 
other act of gross misconduct — aye, fraud on the Govern- 
ment — upon the part of Chaplain Hudson. 

But to return to the contradictions between the Chap- 
lain's pamphlet letter and his statements on honor, On 
pages four and five, he says : 


" Early In July I was iu New York, aiul tliei-o received an order from you 
(General Butler) remanding me to my regiment. As our Colonel was then 
in the city, I called on him to know whore I should report. He replied,, in 
efi'ect, that he could not tell, the regiment being so scattered that he hardly 
knew where the Headquarters were. ' I do not know,' said he, ' but I am as 
much the headquarters as anywhere.' The next day learned thfit ray wiie 
was a great deal worse; and being somewhat jyerj^Iexed as to my duty, I ven» 
lured to return to my family, where I was soon after so prostrated with ill- 
ness as to be unable to travel." 

Here is admitted the reception of the order of July 3rd 
and his disobedience. Why should he have gone to his 
Colonel at all? He says, "To know where I should re- 
port." Your order told him to " return without delay to 
your (his) regiment.'' He knew where he left it. He 
does not pretend anywhere that he ever even heard of its 
moving from Bermuda. His duty was to find his regiment, 
and the place to find it was at the front. The Chaplain 
never intended to obey the order. His only desire seemed 
to be to remain at home, draw his pay and do nothing. 
If he wished to go to work, by reporting at Headquarters 
he knew he could learn where to find his regiment. 

But further. What does the Chaplain do ? Let him 
speak for himself : 

" The next day I learned that my wife was a good deal worse, and being 
somewhat perplexed as to my dut^"-, 1 ventured to return to my family ." 

Referring to his examination will be found a little fuller 
version of his conduct ; 

"The fZrty q/ii!er I saw the Colonel, I got advices that Mrs, Hudson was 
■worse than she had been, I went then to the Colonel again, and he told me 
he could not gi^e me permission to go to her; that he could not overrule 
your order, and that I must return to duty. I then went home." 

He was ordered to " return without delay to duty with 
his regiment." He went '^ horn:," We see further, that 


the Chaplain was not •'' perplexed " as to his duty, as he 
states in his pamphlet. In his examination, he does not 
claim to have been "perplexed" as to his duty, but 
states his Colonel told him he "must return to duty ;" 
that he (the Colonel) could not give him permission to go to 
his wife, and " could not overrule your order.*' There was, 
there could be, no excuse for disobeying the order. It was 
willfully, intentionally and designedly done, and now, he 
has deliberately luritten what he knows to be false to palliate 
his crime. Ilis perplexity was not as to what was his du- 
ty, but as to how he could avoid doing it. 

During his examination, when completely involved by 
the contradictions of his own statements, as a last resort, 
he pleaded ignorance. He claimed that he did the best he 
knew how. It is shown that in this instance, at least, he 
knew better, because his Colonel expressly informed him 
upon this very subject. Before I am 4one, General, I think 
I shall be able to show that he is not quite so " ignorant " 
as at times he endeavors to lead people to suppose, or so 
" simple " as some of his reverend brothers have claimed 
to believe him to be. On page 5, he says : 

"I went to New York, and on the first of September handed my resigna- 
tion to Colonel Serrell, who said he would forward it to you (General But- 
ler) and that he thought there was no need of my going to the seat of war." 

Upon his examination, he said : 

"I thought I would have to get out of the service (owing to feebie health), 
and I went to see General Dix, after I got my order to return, to see if I 
could not get my resignation accepted, and he told me I woqjd have first to 
come here in accordance with ray order; that you could not accept it until 
I had returned." 

As he must return to duty, the Chaplain's study seems 
to have now been to know how to get out of the service. 


On pag^ 8th of the pamphlet, the Chaplain says : 

"You insisted upon it, that I ([ludsou) had colluded -svith hira (General 
Gilmorc) and knowingly lent myself to some naughty designs of his (Gil- 
more's) against you." 

Something very like collusion, at least, between Hudson 
and General Gilmore has been shown in the matter of hav- 
ing his transportation paid by Government, while Hudscn 
was traveling upon Gilmore's business. It will further 
appear that what the Chaplain says " you insisted upon," 
was really true, and that there was gross and criminal col- 
lusion between them. Referring to the record of his ex- 
amination, we find the following : 

QuKSTiON. — Do you not know that General Gilmore denied all knowledge 
of that letter (the letter of Hudson to the Editor of the Post) or its author ? 

Answer. — Yes sir. I am aware of General Gilmoro's note to you. 

Q. — Did not General Gilmore know of your w^riting that letter before it 
was sent? 
' A.— I don't Arraoiy (hesitatingly). 

Q. — Did he not know of it before it was seni ? 

A. — I think so? 

Q. — Do you not Icnow that he did ? 

A. — Yes sir. 

Q. — And before you went? 

A. — Yes sir. 

Does not this look like collusion? When a General 
sends a Chaplain away from his duty on pretended busi- 
ness, at Government expense, after denying that he knew 
the Chaplain had written letters, the writing of which and 
the General's knowledge being both admitted, there would 
seem to be only one motive, i. e , to get the Chaplain out 
of the way. But further, on the same page, the Chaplain 
says : 

28 * 

"In proof of my (liis) having conspired with him (General Gilraore) to 
Jnjure j'ou, you alleged that his (Gilmore's) ordering me (him) to New York 
ou special duty was a mere pretext for getting me (him) out of the way, 
and that I (Hudson) knew it to be so." 

Referring once more to the record of his examination, 
we read : 

Question. — And was not /7ia< (Gilraore's knowledge of Hudson's having 
written the letter to the Post) the reason of his sending you away? 

Answer. — I can't eay I know it was. 

Q. — Bou't you know that was the reason? 

A. — I thought at the time that it was. 

Q. — Have you any douht in your own mind on the subject. 

A. — I did not know how necessary the business was that General Gilmore 
professedly sent me on. I thought that was the reason of his sending me away, 
I had but very Utile conversation with General Gilmore. 

What is this but collusion to deprive the Government of 
the services of its officer for private reasons. With the 
other it should be labelled— rascc/z'/?/ and collusion. 

Still another collusive act may, I think, be shown. On 
the back of General Gilmore's Special Order, No. 29, 
sending the Chaplain to New York, I find the folluwing 
endorsement, placed there May 29th, 1864; the day such 
order was issued for the purpose of enabling the Chaplain 
to draw his pay, while he was thus in New York, on Gen- 
eral Gilmore's private business ; 


In the Field, Va., May 29, 1864. 
Chaplain Henry X. Hudson was last paid by Paymaster Major W. J. Wood, 
ftt Hilton Head, S. C, to February 29th, 1864. 

(Signed) II. M. DALBYMPLE, 

1st Lieut, and Adjutant \st N. Y. Vol. Engineers. 

Following this, comes an endorsement of Major Usher, 
Chief Paymaster of the Department, as follows : " Paid 
to include April 30th, 1864."— (Signed) R. G, Usher, 


P. M. U. S. A, Showing that he was paid up in full at 
the time of his departure. 

With the order sending him to New York on his (Gil* 
more's) private business ; with his traveling expenses paid 
for him to New York by the Government, on such order, 
while traveling on Gilmore's account, we see him strength- 
ened by that order and its endorsements to an extent which 
will enable him to draw pay for services never performed, 
and dutjj never done, while remaining thus away from his 
post of duty under the pretence of doing private work for 
General Gilmore. On the same order is also the follow 
ing further endorsement, made in New York some time 
after his arrival there: " Paid for May and June, '64. 
(Signed) H. C. Pratt, P. M.," thus showing that Hudson 
c??c(' receive pay upon this order of Gilmore's, and in his 
examination will be found his admission of the fact, that 
he was paid while away from his regiment, pretending to 
transact Gilmore's business, but in reality doing nothing 
whatever, but traveling about for his own gratification 
and amusement. 

I come now to consider his confinement and treatment. 
At the close of the interview you said to me : 

"Lieut. Davenport, confine Chaplain Hudson at headquarters somewhere^ 
Send for his tfunli, and put him alone by himself, apart from the other pris-- 

Upon receiving this order, I t-ook him to Captain Wat- 
son, in charge of Headquarters Camp, and directed him 
to confine Hudson alone bj/ himself. Captain Watson re- 
plied to me that there Was no place in the Provost Camp, 
where he could thus confine him, without he made use of 
a large hospital tent (16 feet by 16) in which were tem- 


porarlly, some two or three boxes of shells, that were 
waiting for a trial of their merits, and some metallic car- 
tridges belonging to a " Gatling Gun," which had been 
placed there by my order. I said *' put him there then, 
Captain. He will have plenty of room and be by himself." 
This was done — Hudson remained in this tent two or three 
da>/s^ when for an additional office for the Adjutant Gener- 
al, it was moved, the shells and cartridges removed, and the 
Chaplain transferred to a wall tent, pitched expressly for 
him, by my orders, at one end of the camp, where he 
could be by himself as much and onli/ as much, as he might 
desire ; he having, in common with all the others confined 
at the camp, a right to walk from his own tent into the 
open space in front of the entire camp, keeping only with- 
in the line of sentinels, there being no fence or enclosure 
of any kind about the camp, or any part of it. 

You will observe. General, that on almost every page of 
his Pamphlet, the Chaplain, when speaking of his place 
of confinement, calls it a ^^ Bull Pen i'* in order to give 
the public the impression that he was turned into some 
kind of a yard or enclosure, with a large number of other 
prisoners, with whom he was obliged to associate, and that 
there he was kept, as if herded with them. 

That there was no enclosure of any kind about the Pro- 
vost Camp, not even a rail or a rope placed around it, the 
Chaplain knew when he made use of that word, and only 
did so to mislead and exaggerate. My Provost Camp was 
simply a number of tents, probably a dozen or more, some 
large and some small, placed in a row at the southeasterly 
corner of Headr^uarters Camp, with a line of sentinels at 
a convenient distance around it. 


It was for the Chaplain, and for him alone, to cleciJe 
how much of his time he would spend hi his tent, and how 
much out of it. And even tvhen airing himself I know of 
no reason why he should associate, unless he chose to so 
do, with those who might be prisoners with him in the 
same camp, but from whom he could be as secluded as he 
desired, none of them being allowed to go into the tent 
assigned him unless he desired it. I mention these facts 
thus minutely, because on page 24, the Chaplain endeav- 
ors to convey the impression that he could have no priva- 
cy, and says he was in great danger of having his "old 
bones" laid " quite bare " by "the f^imiliar beast to 

If he ever was annoyed by the "familiar beast," 
General, I am almost persuaded to be so uncharitable as to 
believe that he brought them with him, as neither of the 
tents he occupied had ever had anyone or anything in them 
prior to his occupancy^ save the few shells and cartridges, 
which are not usually infested by the " familiar beast." 

Perhaps it would be well to remark here in passing, 
that the wall tent occupied by the Chaplain was not more 
than about sixty feet from the tent of one of your Staff, 
nor more than that distance from the tent of Lieut. Mitch- 
ell, of the Headquarter Guard. As before stated, no fence 
or partition existed in or around any part of the camp. 

On pages 16, 17, &c., of the Pamphlet, the Cliaplain 
has seen fit to describe the large tent in which he was first 
placed, as a " magazine tent," and both he and his friends 
have several times charged, that he was confined in a tent 
where he "was not only in danger of being blown up^'' 
but that your ferocity carried you so far as to place him 
there " purposely, and with the hope that he would so be 
blown up." 

On page 17 of tlio Pamphlet is a charge by the Chap- 
lain, in these words : 

"I presume the thifig (the 'magaziire tent') had been hit upon b}- 5'ou 
(General Butler) as a novel engine of torture for certain select victims." 

Again, on page 18 he says that you 

«'I\ne\V that such an engine of tortbfe stood ready ill your prison pen, and 
that thefe was no othei* unoceupled than that on the g¥-ound." 

To the charge that he was ever confined in a " magazine 
tent,'* as he calls it, I answer : that Chaplain Hudson knew 
very well that the tent, in which he was^ to have been a 
hospital tent, and that such a thing as a " magazine tent " 
never yet was, or would for a moment be allowed in, about, 
or near a General Officer's Headquarters. 

This distinction that I have made between a " magazine 
tent," as the Chaplain uses the word, and a hospital tent, 
which held some few shells and cartridges, would seem on 
toy part, like quibbling over a word, were it not General, 
that every body understands perfectly well the reason icliy^ 
and the sense in which, Chaplain Hudson has used the 
words "magazine tent." 

Again then, let me repeat. The tent was a hospital 
tent (16 feet by 16), placed where it was, for the purpose 
of holding prisoners. After it was erected) the shells and 
cartridges were placed in it temporarily, partly for safe 
keeping, till such time as their merits might be tested, 
but principally for a reason which will appear in a moment. 
No prisoners^ previous to the Chaplain, had been placed 
therein, because it had not been needed. It became neces- 
sary for me to confine the Chaplain there. First — because 
it was the only place I had to put him in. Second — be-* 


cause it was the only place where he would not be incom- 
moded by others. 

Now, the idea of any accident occurring to him from 
being placed therein, was one which was so remote as not 
to be thought of, as the same shells, you well remember, 
General, had lain for weeks in your own tent, where they 
were left by the inventor, after showing them to you, and 
it was to give you the additional room therein, which you 
badly needed, that they were removed. The Chaplain 
admits, on page 17, that he was only kept in this " mag- 
azine tent" TWO DAYS. Those same shells were in your 
tent more than that number of weeks. There was another 
fact in connection with this matter, which was patent to 
all, viz : that if an explosion should ever happen, not only 
the Chaplain, but you. General, your Staff, and all at Head- 
quarters, would be as seriously affected thereby as Avould 
he ; for your own tent was not over sixty yards, and no 
part of Headquarters Camp over two hundred yards from 
his place of confinement ; and as before stated, separated 
from it by no fence or screen — nothing save a line of 

For one, / saw no risk in putting the Chaplain there. 
That the danger was slight the Chaplain admits on page 
18, as follows : 

" From the way the men tossed and banged the shells about, in the process 
of removal, it appeared that the Greek fire, if there was any in them, had 
gone too fast asleep to be waked up by any ordinary disturbance." 

The Chaplain's statement as given above, that you 
** knew that such an engine of torture stood ready in your 
prison pen, and that there was no other unoccupied tent 
on the ground," I know you will read with surprise, as 
providing quarters for my prisoners under my charge was 


not your busiiiess. It was my daty, and therefore, when- 
ever I needed tents, I had but to send for them, and the 
matter could never come before you in any way. Indeed 
I know that you were not aware that I had such a tent in 
my Provost Camp, or where the shells had been placed. 

When you ordered a prisoner into my custody, it was 
my business to keep him, and that safely, and in particu- 
lar cases, under such restrictions and orders, as might be 
specially given, and to that end, I was to see the ways 
and means provided. It cannot be supposed by any one, 
tiiat you, with your many important and diversified labors 
as Commander of a Department comprising two of the 
largest Southern States, with several unruly cities therein 
to be managed and governed ; with an offensive army of 
forty thousand odd men to handle, lead and control; and 
with the arduous duties of Commissioner of Exchange, 
with the multitudinous questions daily and hourly arising 
therefrom, (and all these I know were but a portion of 
your daily individual cares) could watch my Provost camp, 
and know exactly when and how, each or any of the tents 
therein were erected — whether the number was at any 
time added to, or diminished — whether there was one or 
more in a tent — or any other matters of this nature, which 
were strictly my duties as Provost Marshal. 

In the wall tent the Chaplain remained until after the 
advance of the Army, and consequent change of Head- 
quarters, in October, when he, with the other prisoners, 
was removed to our new camp. Here I was obliged for 
some time to use, for my Provost Camp, a small two-story 
building and the ground immediately surrounding it. The 
building was not what the Chaplain (page 33) describes 

tt, viz : "an uncleaned stable, the beasts having lately 
been taken out to make room for us men." 

The Chaplain is as unfortunate, and I charge wilfully 
so, in his description of this building as of the former 
camp. The building had never been used as a stable, and 
no beast that is stabkd, had ever been in it. It had been 
used for the storage of vegetables, fodder, and farming 
implements — nothing more. My own <iuarters were so 
close to it, and to the guards surrounding it, that I could, 
sitting in the farthest corner of my large office tent, in an 
ordinary tone of voice, readily speak to and call any one 
confined therein, and hear all conversation above a whis- 
per carried on by those cenfined. 

Here Hudson remained until released by your order, 
during my absence with you, while you were in command 
of New York, in November 1864. 

On page 18, the Chaplain, after complaining of his con- 
finement and treatment, says that I was the officer under 
you who had the charge of him, and that I " knew your 
secret mind^ understood just what you wanted him (myself) 
to do with me (him) and was perfectly sure that you would 
uphold him (me) in what he (I) did, however you might 
make as though you did not mean it." 

The only reply (and that is a very effectual one) that 
can be made to this charge, is, as you will remember, the 
fact, that the simple order you gave me at the time of the 
Chaplain's examination, and in his presence, which will 
be found in the record, was the onli/ oixler that you ever 
gave me, after his arrest, either in relation to him, his 
confinement, or his treatment, sav€i that once you spoke ta 
me in relation to his trunk. 


It is needless, I know, for me to say that all tlie Cliap-^ 
Iain's insinuations that there was any understanding, either 
implied or otherwise, between you and myself, that he was 
to be dealt with, or treated in any manner, other than as 
what he was, an officer under arrest, for confessed disobe- 
dience of orders, for confessed collusion with another, to in- 
jure the reputation and character of his superior officer, 
(who did not think him in this matter, the worse of the 
two), for fraud in taking transportation at the expense of 
the Government, and receiving pay while traveling on pri- 
vate business for another, and remaining absent from his 
post on such pretended business for more than three 
months, and for various other violations of military laws, 
orders and regulations, are false. 

Indeed, as I understood the case, and my position and 
4iities, if I erred at all, it was to be on the side of kind- 
mess, as a portion of his offences were of a nature personal 
to yourself, and I thought great care should be taken, to 
see that his treatment, while under arrest, and awaiting 
trial, partook of nothing that might be construed into vin- 
■dictiveaess, upon the part of yourself, or of those acting 
under you. And it was with this idea that all orders I 
gave in reference to him were issued, and I know that a 
difference was made in his favor on this account. 

On pages 18 and 19, Chaplain Hudson says, that "your 
habitual craft" consists "in managing to throw off upon" 
those under you "the scandal and blame of" your "prac- 
tices." This charge is so well known by all who ever served 
tinder you, to be untrue, and in direct opposition to the 
common remark often made by those who knoiv you, viz., 
that you " never shirk or shift a responsibilitt/," that there 
can be no necessity for further noticing it. 


I admit, General, that tlie Chaplain's bed was, as he 
states, the ground. So also were the beds of some of your 
staff, during not only the same time, but throughout the 
entire campaign. I know of no reason why I should be 
expected to furnish him with a bed. My own for a long 
time was but a plank, laid on the ground. 

As to the charge that he was deprived of his trunk. 
The Chaplain, page 20, says he requested me to let him 
have it ; that I sent him word the trunk should be brought 
to him, and that he expected it and was disappointed. 

Again, on page 22, he refers to the same matter, and 
tendering me his " compliments" through you, deigns to 
read me a little moral lecture, remarking that I *' ought, 
at least, to have respected my own word." 

Referring now to the record of his examination, it will 
be seen that, in his presence, you ordered me to "send 
for his trunk." That I might comply with the order, I 
first learned from him that he believed it to be on the 
wharf, near the steamboat landing, on the Appomattox 
river ; and there I sent an ambulance the same night, with 
a detailed man and a driver, to hunt it up. The man re- 
turned at about half-past nine, P. M., and reported that 
it could not be found. Of this the Chaplain was in- 
formed. Thinking, however, that in the darkness, my 
men might have gone to the wrong landing, as there were 
several on the river, and all near one another, I sent them 
again on the following morning, and the same answer was 
returned. During that day (the 20th) I received a note 
from the Chaplain, asking that his trunk might be given 
him. In reply to this, I sent him word of the further, but 
as yet, unavailing search therefor. Deeming it possible 
that the trunk might have been carried down the river bj 


the steamer, that morning, as she had gone before my men 
arrived there, and being unwilling to give up the search 
for it, I sent, for the third time, upon the return of the 
boat in the afternoon. Still no signs of it could be found. 
-On the morning of the third day of his arrest (the 21st) 
you sent for me, and handed me a note which he had sent 
you, asking again for his trunk. I then stated to you what 
had been done in the premises. You replied, "Try once 
more, and to make it certain, go yourself." This I did, 
but met with no better success. 

These are the facts in relation to the search for his trunk, 
and from them it will be seen that I did " respect my own 
word ' ' and did all I could. 

A few words now as to why Chaplain Hudson was not 
tried. Owing to the fact, as appears by the record of his 
examination, and as you then very fairly told him, that a 
portion of his offences were of a nature so personal to 
yourself that you did not see very well how you could 
order a Court to try him, as its decision would necessarily 
be reviewed and approved, or disapproved by yourself, 
thus placing you in the position both of prosecutor and 
then of reviewing officer, you doubted whether you ought 
to order a Court to pass on his ease. 

He was afterwards told that at the earliest opportunity 
you would examine the law on the subject, and his and 
your position and rights thereunder, but at that time, in 
the field, and situated as you then were, you could not im- 
mediately so do. 

Following at once upon his arrest came the preparations 
for movements and engagements of your army, during 
the last of September and the first of October ; followed 
in turn by the same preparations and further move- 


ments in October, succeeded immediately thereafter by 
your call to Washington by the Government, and your 
absence during your command in New York, during the 
lirst half of November. 

While in New York a number of the Chaplain's friends 
called at your Headquarters, and desired to know the facts 
in Hudson's case. All, or nearly all, of those thus calling, 
were informed of them by you. Col. Serrell, and myself. 
Of those whom I saw and conversed with, and they were 
most of those who thus came, quite, if not all, expressed 
themselves satisfied with the facts as they there learned 
them, and with the justness of his arrest. 

Still, as some of them appeared to fear that he would 
fret himself into a state of nervous debility, you. General, 
out of deference to their friendship and fears, sent to Gen- 
eral Terry, then in command of the Army of the James, 
during your absence, the following : 

Will General Terry, commaudins; Army of the James, give the following 
special order? 

Headquaktuiis Arjiy of the James, 
November 8, 18G4. 
Special Ohder, No. — . 

Chaplain Henry N. Hudson, having remained under arrest for some time, 
because of the impossibility of convening a court martial to try him, because 
of movements in the field, is released from close arrest, and will report to 
his regiment for duty; but will, on no pretence, leave it. 

A copy of this document was also- sent to his friend 
Nash, who appeared to take some interest in him, with 
the following letter : 

New^ York, Hoffman House, Nov. 8, 18G4. 
Stei'Hen r. Nash, Esq. 

Dear Sir,— Above you will find copy of order to be issued in the case of 
Chaplain Hudson. I believe I am treating him differently from what I should 
another officer, because I fear lest personal feelings should warp my judgment. 

Yours, &c., 
(Signed) BENJ. F. BUTLER. 


General Terry, immediately upon the receipt of the 
above, issued the order requested. 

Keturning about the middle of November to your com- 
mand, in addition to the mass of business which had accu- 
mulated in your absence, came the orders for you to pre- 
pare and fit out your Wilmington expedition, and again 
your absence therewith. 

Coming back from that you set about the work of pre- 
paring the formal charges for his trial, and while thus pre- 
paring them only a day or two before being relieved from 
command, it was reported to you by myself, that Chaplain 
Hudson had been allowed to go home on leave of absence 
by order of the Lieutenant General. It was by an acci- 
dent merely that I learned it at that time, having been 
absent on special duty when the Chaplain left. 

Your astonishment at such action having been taken by 
the Lieut. General, I well remember. However, you pre- 
pared the charges and specifications, and when finished, 
sent them to General Grant, filing also a copy in the office 
of the Bureau of Military Justice, copies of which charg- 
es and your letter are hereto annexed. 

Here all your action in the matter, so far as I know, 
ended, but not your knowledge of the events which followed. 

Perhaps it may not be amiss to add just here, that the 
Chaplain had leave of absence given him on the 26th 
of December to go home again, by order of Lieut. Gen'l 
Grant, of which the following is a copy : 

Headquakters Armies of the United States, 
City Point, Va., Dec. 24, 1864. 
Special Orders, No. 151. 

I. Leave of absence is hereby granted to Chaplain Henry N. Hudson, 1st 
New York Volunteer Engineers. 

By command of Lieutenant-General Grant. 
(Signed) T. S. BOWERS, 

Asst. Adjt. General, 


Chaplain Hudson was relieved from his duty and the 
punishment of his offences at the instigation of a Boston 
\Yoman — not the Chaplain's wife or relation — who made 
the Lieut. General's acquaintance at Wilhird's Hotel, 
Washington, and visited him at City Point. What in- 
fluences she brought to bear that an officer should escape 
punishment of confessed crimes, does not appear. The 
Lieut. General testifies before the Committee on the Conduct 
of the War, that the Chaplain was released at the interces- 
sion of a "lady." 

But a Avord more need be said on this Pamphlet. Chap- 
lain Hudson, on page 42 says, that "you had, during a 
large part of that very time (the time of his confinement), 
a court-martial in session at your Headquarters in the 
field," and that many " persons whose arrest was subse- 
quent " to his, were tried by it, and then argues from his 
not having been sent before them for trial, that you did 
not mean to try hhn. 

As there were but two courts that ever sat at Headquar- 
ters from September^ (the time of his arrest), to January, 
(the time when you were relieved), and as both of those 
courts, being organized for quick and prompt action, 
were composed largely of your personal Staff Officers, 
how General, could Chaplain Hudson have been tried 
before them — what a howl the reverend gentleman and his 
friends would have then set up — how quickly would they 
have charged you with having sent him who had done you 
personal wrong, for trial before a court composed largely 
of your personal Staff— of your military family— of your 
warm friends. Each of those two courts was formed for 
the trial of a few bounty jumpers, deserters, &c., where 
the necessities of the service, the discipline of your com- 


mancl, and the welfare of the country, demanded a speedy 
trial and instant punishment, if found guilty. How would 
Chaplain Hudson have been pleased at being tried by your 
Staff Officers? 

With the expressions of opinion that he makes use of in 
his Pamphlet regarding myself, would he have liked to have 
had me one of his judges ? But I was a member of one 
of those courts, and the recorder of the other. We could 
have fairly passed upon the merits of the Chaplain's case, 
as a court which should punish admitted guilt could not go 
wrong, and the Chaplain would have been convicted of 
crimes that might have sent him to the penitentiary. 

Chaplain Hudson is not content with laying his story of 
his own grievances before the public in his Pamphlet, but 
on pages 21 and 37 he cites two other instances of prison- 
ers confined in my camp, as cases showing your great se- 
verity and injustice. The Chaplain is j^^culiarly unfortu- 
nate in the choice of objects for his sympathy, but I take 
it that he v/as misled by his moral and personal affinities. 

A word will dispose of these cases. The officer spoken 
of by the Chaplain, on page 21, whose name I will not 
give, as he is now dead, was a Captain of a light bat- 
tery, and was confined until he paid over certain large 
sums of money which he had borrowed two years before 
of the private soldiers of his company. This misconduct 
was aggravated by the fact that he tied to a carriage 
wheel, and otherwise severely punished one of the men, 
for asking for his own money which he had lent the Captain 
two years before, when serving with the Army of the Po- 
tomac. Nor was this all. Upon the man's complaint of 
his ill treatment at Headquarters, the Captain drew a re- 
volver upon the man, and threatened his life, but was pre- 


vented from using the weapon by the other officers of the 
battery. For these ofTenccs he was tried and convicted, in 
part upon his own confession, and dismissed the service. 
I detained him, however, in accordance with the terms of 
his sentence, until, and onhj until his accounts could be 
adjusted, so that he could get his pay and settle with the 
soldiers whom he had defrauded. 

This case, and others of a kind, were the occasion of the 
following General Order : 

IIkadquarters Department Virginia and North Carolina, 
Army of the James, 

In the Field, December 5, 1SC4. 
Genrral Orders, 
No. 1G3. 
It has come to the knowledge of the Commanding General, by frequent 
complaints of private soldiers, that officers borrow money of the enlist€d 
men of their commands. 

No practice could be more demoralizing to both officers and men ; enlisted 
men do dot feel themselves at liberty to refuse to lend their officers. I\Ien, 
if they loan money to their officers, expect favors in return, and there is an 
end to discipline, and .an incentive to favoritism. Officers borrowing money 
of their men, do not regulate their expenditures within their income, and 
find themselves unable to repay it. 

This practice must be stopped. Hereafter, it will be held cause to recom- 
nsend for dismissal, any officer who shall borrow money or incur debt to an 
enlisted man. After the next payment, any officer who shall be indebted to 
an enlisted man, and has not paid him, will be recommended for dismissal 
upon complaint of his creditors. 

This order will be read in presence of every company in the command, at 
two separate parades. 

By command of Maj. Gen. Butler. 
(Signed) ED. W. SMITH, 

Asst. Adjt. Gsn. 


But in his reference to his other fellow sufferer, (Mr. 
€azauran), the Chaplain seems fairly to overflow with sym- 
pathy, finding in him a congenial companion. Who then 
was Mr. Cazauran? A Frenchman, wlio signalized his ad- 
vent to this country by two forgeries, for which he had 
two sentences in the New York Penitentiary. Copies of 
the record of conviction and an affidavit of identification 
by one of the officers of the prison, were among my papers. 
Cazauran went South and was a writer for the " Memphis 
Appeal," advocating the rebellion ; enlisted in the Rebel 
army ; deserted ; came to Washington, and from thence to 
Norfolk as a "theatrical speculator," to give his own 
designation of himself ; employed three days, in the ab- 
sence of a phonographer, in the oiTice of General Butler ; 
discharged from thence, was next found in Norfolk levy- 
ing Black Mail,, by pretending to be a Government de- 
tective. For this he was arrested, and having broken 
his parole, was tried and sentenced to labor sixty days in 
the trenches, with a ball and chain to prevent his escape 
to his friends the rebels ; afterwards confined for a time, 
so that his information might not be valuable when he was 
sent across the lines, as was done. 

Is it wonderful that such a man should attract the ear- 
nest fellowship of the Chaplain? 

But I must close this too extended Report, and in so 
doing. General, would rer[uest that, should you notice the 
Chaplain's Pamphlet, you will do me the favor to return 
him "his compliments" which he volunteers me through 
you, and say to him that having always been a little choice 
in my selection of friends and acquaintances, I have 
never desired, and certainly do not wish now, to have 
aught to do or say to such a libellous, slanderous, fraud- 
ulent, lying old hypocrite as Chaplain Hudson. 


Should there at any time be any further information de- 
sired of any facts, which may have escaped my notice, 
I shall be most happy to furnish you with them. 

All which is respectfully submitted. 

I have the honor to bo. 

Truly yours, 


Late Lieut. A. D. C. and Ass't Provost Marshal Dept. 
Ya. and N, C, Army of the James. 




Accompanying Chakges and Specifications against Chaplain Hudson 
UPON which he was not brought to trial owing to the intku- 
CESSioN OF A "Lady" with Lieut. Gen. Grant. 

Fortress Monroe, Va,, Jan. 14, 1865. 
General, — While in command of the Department of Virginia and North 
Carolina, and oner about the 15th of September last, I caused to be arrested 
Henry N. Hudson, Chaplain of the 1st New York Volunteer Engineers, for 
grave offences and misdemeauors, which are set forth in the charges and 
specifications herewith enclosed. ^ 

They are the gravest that could possibly be alleged against a minister of 
religion, a Chaplain and officer in the United States Army. 

From the circumstances that one is an offence personal to myself, I could 
neither adjudicate the case as Commander of the Department or order a 

I have forwarded duplicates of these charges, and of the resignation of 
Chaplain Hudson, to the Lieut. General, Commanding, with the request for 
a Court Martial to try them. 

Being uncertain whether, under the peculiar circumstances, it should not 
be addressed direct to the Bureau of Military Justice, I forward these da- 
plicates to you. 

I have the honor to be General, 
Very respectfully 

Your obedient servant, 
(Signed) BENJ. F. BUTLEE, 3Iaj. Gen'l. 

To Brig. Gen'l Holt, Office Bureau of Military Justice, "Washington, D.C. 

Headquarters Department of Virginia and North CAEOLiNAi, 

Army of the James, 

In tiiE Field, Va., Jan. 2d, 1865. 
'Charges and Specifications against Chaplain Ilenry N. Hudson, of the First 
New York Engineers, serving with the Army qf the James. 

Charge I. Absence from his command without leave. 

Specification 1st. In this that Chaplain Henry N. Hudson, duly com- 
missioned, and serving with Lis commaUd in the Department of Virginia 
and North Carolina, did quit his commaud, and without leave or proper au- 
thority therefor, did remain absent, to wit, from the 29th day of May, in the 
year eighteen hundred and sixty-four, until the 15th day of September fol^ 
lowing, when he, the said Hudsouj Was brought back under arrest. 



SPECtPiCATiox 2d. la this that ChapUiin Ilcnry N. Iliulson, being absent 
from his command as aforesaid in the city of Xew Yorli, on the ijtli day of 
July, in the year eighteen hundred and sixty four, being ordered to return 
forthwith to the Department aforesaid, by an order duly issued by Maj. Gen» 
Benj. F. Butler, commanding the Department of Virginia and North Caro- 
lina, wherein the said Chaplain Hudson should have been then serving— 
which order was duly made known to said Chaplain Hudson, said Chaplain 
Hudson did refuse and neglect to retuim to his duty and his command, and 
did remain absent without proper authority from said fifth day of July till 
the fifteenth day of September following, when sail Chaplain Hudson was 
brought back under arrest to said Department. 

• Charge 2d. Conduct unbecoming au ofilcer and a gentleman. 
Specification 1st. In this that said Chaplain Hudson, being an ofilcer 
duly commissioned and serving in the Department of Virginia and North 
Carolina with his regiment, at and near the defensive lines of the Array 
of the United States, near Bermuda Hundreds, and having care as such 
Chaplain of the spiritual interests and welfare of his regiment, then lying 
iu face of the enemy and liable to be called into action at any time, did 
leave his command and neglect his duty, and under a pretended and unoper- 
ative leave of absence and order, did go to the city of New York for the pur- 
pose and intent of doing private business, to wit, superintending the print- 
ing and reading the proof of a certain book, report, and private literary en- 
terprise of Quincy A. Gilmore, Maj. General of Volunteers, which the said 
Chaplain Hudson supposed was being printed, or about to be printed for 
and in behalf of said Gilmore, by Van Nostrand & Company, book publish- 
ers in the city of New York, and in pursuance of said business and en- 
terprise, said Hudson remained absent from his command, to wit, from the 
29th day of May, in the year eighteen hundred and sixty-four till the 15th day 
oY September following, when the said Chaplain Hudson was brought back 
under arrest to said Department. He, the said Hudson, while waiting on said 
private enterprise and business, actually drawing his pay from the United 
States for all, or a portion of the time, when so depriving the United States 
of his services in manner aforesaid. 

Specificatiox 2d. In this that said Henry N. Hudson, Chaplain of tl«j 
first New York Volunteer Engineers, being duly commissioned and serving 
with his command near Bermuda Hundreds, Virginia, did corruptly and im- 
properly agree with Quincy A. Gilmore, Maj. General U. S. Volunteers, then 
commanding the Tenth Army Corps, iuthe field, in presence of the enemy, 
to leave his, said Hudson's, duty and command then iu presence of the ene- 
my, and in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, and go to the 
oity of New York upon said Gilmore's order, and there superintend and aid 
in the printing or publishing a certain private literary enterprise book and 
report, made and intended to be published by said Gilmore for his private 
etiterprise and profit, through Van Nostrand & Company, book publishers in 
the city of New York. 


x\n(\ in pursuance of said corrupt agreement, said Hudson did take and 
receive tlic order of said Gilniore to proceed to New York on "business for 
the Commanding General," to wit, said Gilmore, and did leave liis command 
and duty and go to said city of New York, and did remain and wait to su- 
perintend and aid in the publishing of said book and report from the 1st day 
of June to the 13th day of September, and until said Hudson was returned 
to said Department under arrest- 
Said Hudson taking and receiving his pay from the United States for his 
services as such Chaplain while he was so waiting upon and attending to 
said private enterprise of said Gilmore, and while so deserting his post, his 
duty and his command. 

This at Bermuda Hundreds, Virginia, on the 2Sth day of May, eighteen 
hundred and sixty- four. 

CnAKGE 3d. Disobedience of orders. 

In this that said Chaplain Hudson being absent in the city of New Yorlc 
from his post, duty and command in the Department of Virginia and North 
Carolina, was ordered, and did receive such order and due notice thereof, 
to return to said Department, and to report to the Headquarters thereof 
without delay, did rcifuse, delay and neglect to obey said order, and did re- 
main absent, without leave from his commander, for the space of two mouths, 
to wit, till the fifteenth day of September following. 

This at New York, on the fifth day of July, in the year eighteen hundred 
and sixty-four. 

Charge 4Tn. Conduct prejudicial to good order and military discipline. 

In this that said Chaplain Hudson, being then an ofllcer duly serving under 
the command of Maj. General Benj. F. Butler, then in command of the 
Department of A'^irginia and North Carolina, did write a certain letter and 
communication to Parke Godwin, Editor of the "New York Evening Post," 
a newspaper published in the city of New York, containing a calumnious, 
censorious and defam.atory criticism and censure of his superior oflicer Maj. 
General Butler commanding, and did in said letter discuss the acts, oiders 
and commands of his Commanding officer, which said letter and censure was 
published in said newspaper, and thereby said Hudson's superior oflicer was 
injuriously and unjustly held up to public hatred, ridicule and contempt, 
which said injurious letter, publication, or a copy thereof, is not appended or 
set forth in tliis specification, because the same cannot be obtained by the 

Witnesses:— Maj. Gen. Q. A. Gilmoht:; Maj. Gen. Benj. E. Butler; Col. 
Edw. "W. Serrell, 1st N. Y. Eng'rs ; Lieut. Jxo. I. Daat;xport, Lieut, and 
A. D. C. ; Parke Godwin, Editor N. Y. Evening Post ; Lieut. Col. E. W. 
Smith, A. A. G, Dept. Va. and N. C. 



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