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Full text of "The official guide-book to Kyoto and the allied prefectures"

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mm. 




HARVARD 

COLLEGE 
LI BRARY 



THE 
^FnaAL GUIDE-BOOK// 

KYOTO AND THE ALLIED . 
PBEFEGTUBEB 



AWMD 8PKUII1T fOB TBM KiBmi HUIIDBIDXH 

nmrmBAKT or thb lomiDiiio of noio 

AMD 

THB VDOBTB MTIOHAL mDraiBIlIi 

XXHIBinO!! 

BT 

THE CITY COUNCIL 

or 

KYOTO ^ 



WITH niRBB MAPS AI9D SFXTY-NINB M19QRA VISOS 



MEI8HIN8HA/ 

• 

Vo. S6 HMhimoto-eho* VARA. 

AUritiite 






Harvard Collet^e Library 

Norton Coliection, 

Dec. 3. 1907. 




te Hi aalanl tualy m wtXk m for Hi 

tewfa^lhtttllMlloBud tdHfailkiB of 

of thtvonfafml ynpMi aidt Im 

fcfiAHy lif Ihi WUMMit iffaloriw ^Md fai Iht 

vM CUm aMd to h« IHM. la tiibMmonkliywrot 

1^ kfatay. I9M0. h« aasiiBl oiftel, win flrittalt ill dMB 

p;«Ml« al Iht «»• tlM will teUdlbi 
FHrth MUloMl UAMoM. It fa teii Mlamllo MpMl tfitl tfm 
will la a paal iitai at ftopli^ adoa^ from MnmlyirtBot 
*a Itepbi^ M alw fkooi faiiifB lurii. For Iha oomwiaBOi of 
wMfon^ Urn CHy Coanoil of Kyoto hao imdortahw among 
tiriap tfia prtpaialloB of gnhii-honlw in Jipanm aai is 



In prrparing Ihfa A^di goicb-book ai iho laqiMt of tfia OHgr 
CoacO, Uw oonpllv hm baaod hit woik lamely 00 panooal 
aofwaiirtiiwi and 00 laporto f oniiabad I7 propar anllioritiaiL Ha 
Imi also ooawi H ad Iha aUndaid worki 00 J ofi anMa hiaioty, aa wall 
m Um gvida-booJn to loaaUUaa Inaled of in thia work. Tha aom. 
fikr* pmltfnl admowladgmenl it specially dm to Bar. Olii Oaiy 
ci tha Dothiflha Sehool and If n. Ovy, who hava not only laited 
tha flfiginal Engliih, bnt have alao added ittloahla raafing maHer. 
Iha oowipUor alM> wiahat to admowlodRa tha malarial aaaiataaea 
■whiiii by llaank R Mi«% & BDinlii, T. Moiadia, T. flhinU^and 
M. laoda. Hia lalaelion of raapt and engraTinaa, m wall aa tfia pah- 
boeiion of tha work, hatii^ bam antmalad to other handt| tfia 
doea not feel reiponaibla for either tfiair mvila or 



U thie ffnida-book shall be found of eonie help to thoee who viait 
Kyoio and the Allied lYefeelareii, tlia admowledfHl eenter of inlereal 
ia^thie intaraetiiw •«Uad of Uia IUrii« Bun,*' iha pablioapirilid 
iiM of Ilia City Connetl of Kyuto will not have been in ymim^ 
while tha oompiler and hie frienda wUl feel anp^ lawaided lor 



CyOla^ Japan; JMvbI. 18M. 



CONTENTS. 
Kyoto And Ito Yieinity. 



PAOS 

FSBLIMfVART IVFORMATIOV 1 

OVMKAMIIGALtKinOH SO 

HitrOkT 48 

TnK FoUrfTH NATIOIIAL HTDUVTRIAL BXHIBIllOir 68 

TBKCBLKOKATIOIIOKTflKRLBTBlf HUlTOftSOTB AXVITSB- 

•AftT or TiiK rouK DiKO OP Kyoto 66 

Tnb Lake Biwa Gaval 68 

DlSPOtlllOH OK T1MB 67 

Thb Siiivro Rbuoiov •• 69 

Japavbbb Buddhism 7S 

Tub Impkbial Park akd Palacb 76 

TB>irLKa Airn NoibdPlacks 88 

Avaho.hasiiidatb 196 

The FHmci pal MANUi ACTURK8 OK Kyoto 197 

BCllorti^ AKli HutrtTALA 909 

S^'CIILTICS 917 

)o( 

Tho Allied Profoeturos. 



The Co*>rr RATIO K or otiike FRRrKCTURES with Kyoto 

IN Ti.S CKt.RRRAIlON OK ITB ANNIVERSARY. 

C)«4EA FC 1 

Kaka pHPFKcrriiKP 9 

MlYR rRRKK(.TrKK 17 

AlCHl rkKKKClUKR 97 

Glir rilKKK^Tl'RK Sl 

Bill«\ rKP.KK.t-TltKK 87 

HT'Kio i'Kr.f KcirRK 47 

OEA\AMA VHr.irA.ivKr. 6a 

Hiklit IMA rRRKRCrrRR 69 

KaOaWa PRK^RCTURB 68 



V«x:*BULAHT AND SHORT rilRASES 69 

IVDEX 97 



THK OFFICIAL (iUlDK-BOOK. 

TO 

KYOTO AND ALLIED 
PREFECTURES. 



PRELIMINARY INFORMATION. 



Roads to and from Kyoto. 

Tokaido Railroad. Tmirurtu Unding in TokoluunA will find 
t>ift1 t)ii« nitlrrwul fumtuheR the qnickeitt way far reaching Kyoto. 
S^Ar'jnc frrtrn Tolno it piuw^R tlirntigli the motd pnpnloiui towm 
*-n th^ «Hut^ni n}u*jfi of jApiin; giving mAny b(«iitif;il viewv of t)te 
•r* <^***, monti^ainn. Ami Jmko HiwA. Tlio lUfttumre from Tiikyo to 
K} <^ i» ;?20 rnilc«. pjirw in }>ii, oqnivAloiit to nilvcr dolliu^ 9^7, 
C.'.^. %n\ 5.20. Mrt^t will pref«>rtn ikko (rninfi tlmt will Allow tliem 
••' "T* Mt Vup \ty ilAylight; tlie n«in»««t KtAtion {or Uiow who wi»li 
In "rmh *\i0 rnotintjitn Iring (](ii<«ni)«i, 71 milcn from TcOcyo. MAiiy 
vtll l« f^Ubl In Ireak tlie jrxmicy liy iH<»pf>tng off At NAgoyA. 

Hakatendo Route. TIiom mhn Are in no hAnte And Are will- 
ing to nntWgn Uie eitrA fAtigiie mAv M«e fiome of tlie flne^d toenery 
^t J«|«n }fy tAking the NAkAeeniio lUilrnAd to Kahuiawa; a diA. 
tArmr of a^wmH Oit mile*, tlienne over the okl NAkAeemlo, or MiildlA 
W"-:nUin Ri«i1, to (lifti nu tho TiJiAklo lUilroAiL For tlie greAtar 
f«rt of the wAy jinhJuftliAii cAn he emphn-ed; hut o>er the mountain 
|AM«« one mrwt tniRt to hin own feet «ir ritle on pAck-horwu. Uifa 
mn tli'i* \m leArhed in from ,"» to 7 iIata. 

* 

Steamers to Kobe. ]>Twn» who firefer to trA>el liy MA mAy 
r»«rh Ki>>« frfim YokohAmA in Ahitttt 30 hourn. In Adchtion to tliA 
Umu of tlie Yiutrmjwnukit Uiere Ate frequently oppnrttmitief to go 
\*y th4» F.ncrliMh fir Frriirli niAil utrAinrrfi. From Rohe one oAn 
f» Mnr^l \fy thr rotitr ntriilioiHNi in the itoit |4irAgrAph. 

KyotO'Kobe Railroad. 1'*i<* dl^1Anrlr W thm roAd ill 47 mtlML 
FvM in leu, 1.41, .{M, And .47. 30 miU« fiom Kohe it OoJok 



Nara Kaido* Some tomLts may fiiul it convonioni io go by 
railroad from Osalca to Nan, a distance of 25 miles, and then ly the 
Nara Kaido, whioli is a good road for jinrikisha or bic}'cles, 33 miles 
to Kyoto. There is also a line of coadies, whidli, however, are not 
to be recommended to f oreignei's. A railroad connecting Nara and 
Kyoto will l« oomplated early in 1895. 

Fushimi Steamers, 'riiese ply between Omlia and Fnshimi, 
the latter city being alx>ut 6 miles from Kyoto. 

Tokaido. ^Thia la one of the old roads running from Kyoto to 
Tokyo ; and for a large part of the way follows the same course 
taken by the Tdkaido Railroad. Tourists are not likely to use it ez- 
oepi for the sliort section between Kyoto and dtsu. 

Xeikakn Railroad. A diarter has been obtained for tliis 
road wliidh will oonneot Kyoto with Maizuru, a naval station on tlie 
west coast; and Miyazu wliidi has been made a special port for 
exports. It is hoped thai tlie short section between Kyoto and 
Aiashi-yama will be' completed before tlie opening of the National 
Exhibition. 

Tamba Kaido. ^^s highway leads to Kameoka and other 
prominent towns in the province of Tamba* It is used in going to 
the place where boats are taken for the descent of the Rapids. The 
road continues to Maizuru and Miyazu mentioned in tlie preceding 
paiagrapli. One mile beyond tlie latter city is tlie Amanohasliidate, 
one of the noted views of Japan, whiuli is a narrow spit of sand 
about two miles in length and covered witli aged pines. 

Passports. 

Those planning to visit Kyoto must remember that, being outside 
of Treaty Limits, it is necessary tliat they be provided with passports. 
According to the present regulations, passports available for all parts 
of Japan and good for one year may be ol^ained tlirough tlie legation 
or consulates of the couniry to wlucli tlie applicant belongs. In 
addition to these, the prefectnral olllcials of Kobe and Osaka are 
authorized to grant passes for Kyoto and vicinity that are good for 
20 days. Persons desiring to visit the Palaces must obtain special 
p^rmita througli tlieir legation. ^ 

Taihin Xyokwai (Association for the Eeception 

of Visitors.) 

This Association has been recently organized in Kyoto to render 
aaaistanoe to foreign tourists who may visit the city at tlie celebra- 
tion of tie Eleven Hundredtli Auniversaiy and during tlie Fourth 



UhilifilKriiimiaa Ifai ol^Mllifaig to iiM to 
aD foiAb mnnoiUmm and ooateH H «U1 
L Hm fnytamfi and dnmkllM ol * Iriif iwoil ol Ilia 
EMhlAm; abo ol iafomlion BMwnli^ iimwak ol 
WtoK eolN«gfaM«^ alai tofiihv vtth aMh oUmt 
W«miott at vOI to of wa to f on^ tonMb 

H To prorUi ifooial teoUiftka f or iluiaa who viall BoUd plaoM^ 
mIibo K iartoriai^ and otfiar ottwta of iBl aiai t 

S. To iiBliwlBUi to panona frofloiam to lariooa Unaa Ikbaa 
viiitotB vlio f or Mienltto tevaaliplloo or fha rto^ ol aii Mi|f 4iifaa 

4. To totradaaa to prapar panoBM Ihoaa who diifaa to fdna 
lalalioaa to Japan; and alaoto aarial thoaadiafatog to 




S. To aatabUih a ohib providod with irarioaa ooarforia lAmn 
■atitia aa4 f ntoign gBntlaman nmy moot oadi oUtor. 
6^ To aarial foatign tonriato in hiring gnidM and inlar- 



Tho m o mb o fi of Ibo A»ocittioB aro diTidid into llnao 
hmenry, otdiiwy, and Bpodal. ThoM dntring to booomo onlinaiy 
or wfttMl mtoibon maj do to bj apptying al tho olBoo and nooring 
tho 9mt u i of tlio nfliflem. Ordinary momban aro o ap ootod al tha 
limo of aibnMon in onntribnto al laaM 10 ym; «>iil« wM 
mnnl«ni emtlrilNito al laaal 5 yea. Tho tompniaiy oOoa M Uia 
Atm vm A i im io in Myumanji, on Tofamaohi tohnr Miju. 

Tho Chib will to looaUd al Tfiialra-Kwan, a aito of hiatorio ra- 
novn unoa it ia miipoMd to to tho plaoa wliofi tho nolod ganaral 
Rid»y««hi Aral onneci%fd tlio idaa of invading Coiaa. Tho bnilding 
d«i««« ito namo YBrakn (or more proporW, Uimlcii) from a famona 
nvTicr, (Ida Urakn, who liTod during tho'donki and Tonoho parioda 
(U;*."— 16VS) and artor his rotiromoni from military Ufa ipaiil hia 
da»« ol thio pinoa in tlie paacof ol oi^-mont of earomonial loa* 
linking, Thoro ia a toatitifnl ^udon and wtoial annotod bniU- 
tm^ all of which aro rich in hiilone anoeialioML Tho olnb haa 
dMHiid to roni llio ontire plaoa; and bafore ooBOfgring il will pol 11 
to thoroagh ropnir ami dacorato it in Japonooo stylo. Fkno aia 
baing HMda for ?arioni cntortainmanlo to to givon al thia plaoa dv» 
tog Iho BihibiUoa. 

Hotols. 

Ymmm ItM. Thia liolo), abmH ») minntaa ridi from tha SMioi^ 
to aiMad on tha riopaa ol tha hlU aallad ItevyaaML UaMtokwU 



rooniB, of wliiuli dO luive front views ; wliile all are well fnnuhlied 
and ventilated. Meals are well prepai-ed hy skillful cooks. The 
hotel cominauds a fiiie view over Maruyania Park aiid tlio uity of 
Kyota 

Tlie same hotel liaK a b-aiioh, formerly known as the Tokiwa or 
Kyoto Hotel, which is on Kawaraniachi, a liltle above Saujo, and 
1} miles from tlie Station It contains 5U good rooms, well f uruislied, 
and lighted with electricity. Tlie whole establislunent lias been 
renovated and improved since coming into the possession of the 
Yaami. 

^akeanum^x) is near tlie entrance to the Tasaka Temple (Gion) 
and 1} miles from the Station. Besides 10 large rooms in Japanese 
style, there are 6 or 7 in foreign style. The building is two-storied 
and commands a good view of the city. The surroundings are 
healtliy. 

Tlie following hotels are in Japanese style only. 

lUwant-ya ; Fi^yacho, above Anegakoji. 

Hwwjirya; „ „• „ 

IkeM; Kiyamaohi, above Sanjo. 

SawaJnin; Fuyacho, above Osliikoji. 

Nikho^; Saujo-dori, east of Kawara-maclii. 

3fatsukichi; Goko-maohi, above Sanjo 

Ka8hiwa4ei; Ki}ii-maolii, above Sanjo. 

Yorom-ya; Sanjo-dori, east of Kawara-maohi. 

Chukyu ; Sanjo-dori, Kawabata. 

Kyorahirkwan; Kawara-maohi, below Takoyakuslii. 
I NxtracU from the RsyxdidioM for Jfutels and Iitna. 
Art. 6. Tlie propiietor of a hotel or inn sliall display during Uio day 
a sign wliich at night sliall be replaced by a lantern. 

Art. 6. Rates for entertainment end oUier important information 
shall be wi'itten and posted in tlie clerk's office and also in each of 
the rooms for guests. 

Art 7. The proprietor shall take good care tliat notliing belonging 
to persons lodging in his house sliall lie lost 

Art 8. When persons lodghig in his house are ill, the proprietor 
shall treat them with special kindness; and, if tliey so request sliall 
call a physician or provide medicine. 

Art 9. If a person lodging in his house should suddenly die, or 
if property of the guest is lost; tlie proprietor shall not allow other 
lodgers to leave tlie house ; but he sliall at once report the matter 
to the nearest polioe-oiUce, branch station, or to a police-man on tlie 
Bti«et 



All IS. Withoat Um giwrt'i oonMni tfi« profvitttor A$U noi 
•Uov mXImm or oUmt fi^rtoiM to go to liii room. 

AjI 13. Tlw i«nprieiar in not iiUnwful tn »nlioU liifi gnocti to 0O 
to phew of ■miwMnoiit, luir to milioit tlwm to oivler food or otlicr 
tliinp^ IB onkr tbat be nuiy gat from tbem more tben the neoAl 



Alt U. TIm |*a|«iet«ir of a liotel rIuiII not ellow penone ito^ 
pinf ei hU lionee to lUnoe or tiiis aloiicl, between 19 o^olook el 
nag^it enl mn-riee. 

Aft 1^ Tlie proprietor of a hotel ie not allowed to take tlie 
ivopcrtjr of gne et e ae eeoivitj for payment of the ehaigee doe to him, 
■or to mil them privately. 

Aft tS. The proprietor of a hotel iliall |vof ide in eaeh room a 
doeet with look and key. 

Art. 20- WitlMNit proper reaeon tlie proprietor of a hotel ahall 
not dpny loilging to any perion who ilesireii it 

Oaidet. 

Rngltiih-^pMkinf; giiideii ran le oKaiiictl at tliit Yaami U&e\ or in 
tli^ open port*. Tlw t^«>t known MBorijition of guide** in tlie Kaiyti-iilia, 
vhirh lima ofliceit at Yokuliaina am! Ki)l«. Application may be made 
tlirniiph any of tlie hotelti. Tlw nniial r)iAr|:e in 3 yn a day for one 
nr t«o toiin^tp, witli in adilition of 25 vi for each mVlitioiuil memlwr 
of tlie paiiy. Tlie tia\clinK ami linu;] eiponi^t are to le paid 1^ 
tiMwe employing them. 

Electric Rnilwayt. 

ft ifl riperf aI tliat In tli^i optf»nitiK of tlio National R&liiUtion tlnee 
liiiMi (if ^ler^hr railway will laf in <i|«»rmtiiiiL 

Tli# fr«t irtarbi from th^ R^aiion in H)iir)ii^»^ ninii along 
tlw Taka«*piwa, tnrnn to tlie right at Nijo llridge, paivea 
the Ktliitation (honmU, and trrininatoii at Nanienji. Moat of 
tlie l««t Japanene tnm are on tliin lino. 

Tlie w«nnd line Itanrlimi from O10 ftmt at tJie corner of Nijo and 
KiTtt-marhi, mna to i\w m9*i to Temmarhi, tlienoe along the 
■nvahrm hordpr of tlie Ini|>riial lUrk, ami t^trminat^ii at Uie north 
of the Ni>Y l-alaee. 

T\w tliini Una In from tlie HhidiifS iitation to Ftmhimi. 

Hw nam wliirJi hoM aU>nt fit* |M*riionfi are di^nM into ftretolaae 
ami tM^Hiil rlaiw. Thry ate ligliti^l \iy rl^rtrinty, ami atop al aoj 
dae ui il poim along the roula to let paMeng«r« get nif and on. 



The road is divided into sections as shown Igr the following 
diagram. The first class fare is 2 sen for each lialf section, and tlie 
second class fare 1 aau Ticlcets to go and return are 1} times tlie 
rate one way. 

ghichijo Station. 

L__ 



Kamijoznya-machi. 

[ Half Section. 
Qojo Bridge. 

I Half Section. 
Shijo Bridge. 

I Half Section. 
Niju Bridge. 



J Half Section, 
ijo Canal 



Nijo 



Higasni Kujo 

I HaU Section. 
Tnari Midii. 

Pusliimi Kitagiichi. 
I Half Section. 
Kmne. 

I Half Section, 

Aburalcake. 



Dam (I'ront of ExliiUtion) 
I Kamiai-no-madii. 

Nanzenji. | 

Horilcawa, Shimodachiuri. (Nijo Falaoe). 

Jinrikithas. 

The following are the rates establislied by the directors of tiie guild. 



7 

8 

10 

25 

60 



sen or less. 



a u 



(t u 



(( 



u C( 



iC 



(( 
(( 



One ri; level road, 

«« «« rough «« 

" " very rough road, 

Half a day, 

One day 

In tlie city 3 sen for lu dto (1 dio-tiGS English foot), aud 1 mii for 
every additional 5 eho. 

The fares of men running imusually fast must be fixed l^ consulta- 
tion between them aud Uieir employers. 

When it rains and roads are muddy, 30 per oenL extra is charged. 
In tlie night 20 per cent, or loss extra is chai^pced. Double-seated 
jinrikisluis are 60 per cetU, extia. Wliou it is dork and raining, wiUi 
moldy raadHi 40 per eeiU or loss extra is chargotl 

Mdrada /nnn Ute lieytUalUtM for Jtiii'iiUdAfMfitfii. 
Alt 13. The jinrikisha-man shall cany with him his Ucense, a 
copy of the Regulations for Jinnkisha-men, and a table of rates. He 
must show these at the demand of the police or of the rider. 

Art 16. At night the jinrikislia-man shall not pull his jinrikisha 
withov/. a light 
Art 17. The jinrikishaonan is not allowed to make two or more 




m WlMBnorp««NiteimftJMkUM|tfitJbaikfaiit4MB 
riMOl BolrafMt Um vllhoal 4m OMM. 

Aft SL WiilMml iIm eoMiBi of iIm rldnr, Am faMOmwmm 
dhan aoi rtiy 1 hb |i1mhui Io imI| nor Mk tfit rite toahMfilo 
^MllMr jWUriMk 

AftSS. Tlw jMlrktii — ibJI nol ttyfijfetrite to fcalri% 
•MinnaaliL or oUmt bImml boI hmwmwI Iv Am riter. 

Aft BB. Whn tfit rite irti M^ tfit JbslkUhMMa AmU ■•• 
If ngr llriBf hM torn ltd tohtaa Is cms uij flttfato b f owd, 11 
■NiiltotioiiMAtlhOTadtollMcmMr; or, Ifht am nol to foo^ 
H riimiU 1« M i ftl the noMiii poUe»«lilion. 

Aft M. Tlio jImikiiilui'nMn ibatiU noi, miilor angr prttoili iik 
for mnre tium tlie tvgnkr (iro. 
Arl 4S. Ai jinrikiahft'iiUtioni Ihero iiliftll bo pkused «h«i« p«opl« 
■oo it a toUo shoving tlio (avm and dinUnoM io dHNrail pteM 



81iiBt5 and Bnddkitt Preaehing Serrieat. 

Tlwro i« ^liniTi {vMclitiig ototj day at JinRfi Kyukvai oo Tffa- 

)ii l#l<nf rtiijnw 

llirrft ip IbbliDiiiit ftraiJuiig o^my morning at biilli tlio Kaol and 
WoH Hongvanji, and alto at Cliion-in. 

r»«aeliing MPrviotn afo aim held at r^ilar Inlenrala in moot of tlw 
oUicr fViiMo aife] Rndtlliiiit t»niplo«. 

Christian Senricet. 

A «n«ir» in Englifkli, to wliieh all trnirintn ai* mnlially inritod, 
is h^lrl at 1 1. 16 ovfVT Btinilay morning (rmn tlw miilillo of RpptomVtr 
to Um ml of Jnn»/in Uw Tlieologioal llall of the IKMhiilM Univar. 

At tho Rflnaa Oalholio Chvdi on KavaramM^ii, abovo ftajB, 
thfv* is maaa o%cr7 Sunlay morning at 10 o'clock, aad a 
wrrif* ai d p.ai. Tlw ftvaching is in JapanM*. 

Thr timo for tlw Rnntlay sn^ieas in tlio Ja|«inr«« clinroboo 
•Marwisit with tlie loascm of tlw >«ar ; Int in tlw faiu ripal Jiiifciwa 
tlw hoivs do not ^ary mnrh from thnsa gi%en in tlw foUoving 



8 

Doshifilia Cliapel, 10 a.in. 

Heian Kumi-ai Clinroh (Bluimnachi, aWve S.*injo), lo a.m. 7 p.m. 

Sbijo ' " •« (Tominokbji, lielow Shijo), " " 

Bakuyo '* " (Teraiiiadii, above Mamto-inadu) " 

Nippon Kirisuto Kyokwai (SUimmachi, beluw isbiKiigawa) 9 a.iii. " 

Seiko-kwai (East of Oojo Uriilga) ** ** 

Beaides these there are several preadiing places in different parts 
of Uie city. 

Fnblio Offices and Buildings. 

Prefeotural Qovemment 

Building, Shimodadiiiiri, Kamanza. 

Kyoto City Offices, In Prefeotural Government Building. 

New City Hall, Teramaclii, Oike. 

Kyoto Post and Telegraph 

Office, Sanjo, Higashi-no-Toin. 

Imadegawa P. A T. Office, Imadcfiawa, Kuromon. 
Ooio " *« «« Oojo Oliaslii, Nishizume. 

Sliiohijo Telograpli " At the Bailroad Station. 

Kyoto Local Court, Marutamachi, Yanaginobftmha. 

Kyoto District Court,- • • • Tokeyamaclii, Yanaginobamha. 
Branch Office of Biueau of ^ 

Imperial Buildings, • • South-west comer cf the Imperial Park. 
Central Police Office,*- • • In Ih-efectuial Qovernmeut Boiltling. 
Penitentiary of Kyoto Pre- 

f ectore, Siwaragi-dio, Sembon. 

Meteorogical Observatoxy, Southern part of Imperial Poik. 
Branch Office of Osaka 

Forestxy District, . • • • • In Cliion-in. 

Biwa Canal Office, Nanzenji-madii. 

Kyoto Chamber of Com- 

meroe, Karasumaru, above Ebisugawa. 



Physicians. 

The following pliyaidanB speak tlie Englisli language. 
6aiki fiiichiro (Also speak 

German), Sliijo, east of Abura-nokoji. 

Yamada Bun}'u, TominuKoji, below Nijo 

Kawamoto Juiizo, Slummadii, above Anegakoji. 

The following speak German. 
Inoko Shikanosulce, • • • • Sfckaimaohi, below Sanjo. 



\ 



• 




ilk«lM^ KMMaiiiira.to1ovfl»i4i. 

Bilaawichi, b^low IbralUMehL 

> KftMMAUMflhi, ftliovt KMBOdri DodhL 

TiMiii^ giiwM, dniiiinMinht, liiint MaiiilimiohL 

Oiht, will ol BMMonink 

OfMAi btlow Oihib 

HiBlii, Miimijl winlil 

UwiTvldki^ IMiKMigMDjl, «wl ol On^rft. 

AbmBohSJiy ftliovt 84JBL 

Itrifciiff^ flhlmnMnhi^lainw ftiijB 



Unggttti* ' 

Kii—toB, MiK^^ol 

Eabani, FnrakftfmjiMolii, below Bu^ 

MauM^ Ktiiiiiiiji-inftclii, telow Gojo. 

Markets. 

KMmuM^Mm llKket (Poultry and Mi\ Higulii UwcgFtflbo; mti 
of Nialii-Do-ToiiL 8— 10 A.M. 

SfduuM Mftrkot(roa]tr7 and iteh), Uwoyaahd, east of TiiakaM^ 
Nuhiki-iMvlutii. A~10A.II. 

tUknp UukH (PoQltry aid flili), Niilii Uwajfaroaflhi, fpeal of 
M nrmnaclii, Uwonolaiia. Mnrning. 

Toi}«madii lfarktt(rooIti7, fl»li, and vcgaiablea), Shoninmaolii, 
•Mrtb of Oojij Toauyamaolii. 8—10 A.li. 

Niihi-noJTo MarkH (VacitabI— \ Tanunagramaehi, north of 
ttumodMbtvri, (Hunaeddri. Maj in NoTember. Morning. 

Todiida Markat (Ve«»labl(«\ Yotdiktemadil Mitfla of Maj to 
lUUt of Btpitmbar. Momine. 

Vapcabia Markal Aboranokuji, north of KtmTateahL Momii^ 

Prominent Merchants and Shops. 
Cotton Cloths. 

Tan^ CfiSrobai, Rnwamaelii, bf low Gofi. 

Fajaara Chnbai, Kaiaaiunani, above Qoja. 

8ilk and Cotton Cloths. 

Waibi flatbai,- ||igaalii-n(vToin, abnta ihka. 

bii flkiMhiefaiy Kaiaatunam, balow TthMUnf, 



10 

Sliiraomnra Sliotaru, • • Higashi-no-Toin, abovo Oike. 

Ueda Seibei, Al^ezumon, lielow Matsiiwam. 

Idiida lliliaolii, Ilc>)<kakn, eaxt of Higaiilii-no.T6iii. 

Inono Shidiiemon,* >• • Sliimniaclii, above Uwoiiotaiia. 

Kuxnagai Idiibei, • • • • Sliijo, east of Teramechi. 

Nohashi Sakiibei, Mnromadii, above AnegakojL 

Naoki Matsiitaro, • • • • Sliijo, Tominokoji. 

Kawabata Mataemon, . . Matsnbara, east of Karasiimarn. 

Embroidered Goods. 

lida Shinshichi, Karasumani, below Takatsuji. 

Nishimnra Sozaemon,* • Banjo, west of KarasmnartL 
Tanaka Risliidii, • • • • Kaiasiiinam, above Sbichijo. 
Gao Zembei, Karasumani, below Shichijo. 

Tnzen Grape. 

Nisliimura Sozaemon,« • Saujo, west of Karasumani. 

Nisliimura Jiliei, Saujo, west of MuromadiL 

Noguchi Yasuzaemon, • . Abmanokoji, above Sliijo. 
Hirooka Ihei. Hm-omadii, above Gojo. 

Nishijin Fabrics. 

Tashiro Slioljoi, Miuomacbi, almvo Nijo. 

NisliimuTa Jilioi, Haiija, west (»f MuroiiiauhL 

Nakamtira Hamljoi, • • • • HigAHhi-no-Toiu, bolow Rokknku. 

KawAtfliiiim Jmiboi, • • Hinija, oant of Hig»Kbi-iio.Toi)i. 

Grape. 

Tamada Ohozaemon, • . Oike, west of Higashi-no-Toin. 

Nishimnra Jikei, Banjo, west of MuromachL 

Ogawa lemon, Rokkaku, east of Tominokoji. 

Omeshi Grape. 

Yaaliiro Nihei, Mnromaohi, below Nijo. 

Kitagawa Magobei • • • • Bukkaku, east of Higashi-no-Toin. 

Garpets. 

Kawase Kambei, Teramaohi, above Matsuwara. 

Eaw Silk. 

Nakai Genemon Oike, west of TkJcakura. 

Yamada Mosuke, • • • • Omiya, above Imadegawa. 





u 

■ • • • • BQbUBUEH* W0Bv off KMMOBMMIk 

.... KinfOBBm, ftbof* Sm^S. 

Kaaoko Bilk. 

JiaUahip *•.• TMMgliiolMiibSi atovt CtojSi 

Dytn. 

ItertviCi (Ttoui c^.) .... Atamaok^ atovt 8u49L 
U«l«^( • « ) ... flliiiiiiMabi,tolov8h^ 

KmmIm, flhimtHflolit, 1iok»w AjMMk^ 

NImIuvu^ .... AliMMiMniii, Almtt ItalHgrMiiMbL 

TkddM Hikol«rs .... UyiwuiMalti, bolov Hm^d. 

Tkottrm liM««liiciii, • . flliifniiMfllii, abmro Nijui. 

Oncd IUliiniif«nilu% .... JUniiiliidiiiiiri, wiwt of HorUuiva. 

ItfMmlMi Uioflliini, ' . Itoatmiji, wait of Jofnknji. 

Cords and Plaited Ooodt (Silk, Cotton, fto.}. 

HifBo MAfffMhieiii, Mot^Mwipmnji, eMt of Horilaiva. 

TvaiBQm SaliMmnfi,' . • . KAwArmmAclii, ftb(>T« Sliiji* 
TiMinntn Hiio^-mm,- •• . (}flko^l%:^l^ Mnw Biikknjl 
T«Mi4P>-hi ZfMi'liim,- • • • (ijnkl tiinMil) Ittiitmiji, went of Omijrm. 
HoM f iUwi (gokl tliratil), Sliimiiuiclu, fthnvt Marutiuiiadii. 

Porealaiji. 

Einfc^ttn fi^i^ flinjo, 3 clio mid of fllitnJoiwm Ilrii1|r«. 

Tacailii IS«twliirlii, flIiinJuiwsiinji, I'ln^mix-ftrlio, below 8tiij9. 

JCuhiAi Itern, Fnor elk* M^t of (hip Wrklfm* 

Tmhmfca Kichibf i, ITmamAi'lii, 3 dm 4»Aiit of IlointiucliL 

flHfft TnlMi, Five clHi eftut of (loji> Urkige. 

TriAbMlii DohMlii, . . . • Fotir m .. « .. •• 
Rdinbei, Five « m « « •. 

8hippo ^Cloitonno.) 

Tamqmki, • • • • flinjn, etut of Kitftom, flIiimluiwainiJL 

Metal Wares. 

Tambei, Tnmiimkoji, aliove OnfS. 

Kmke, TenuiMclii, l«*1ow FtiijiV 

Ooi6Abi«U| . . • • TooiiiMluiji, below If ijiv 



19 

Laoqner Wares. 

Milttmi Jisabnro, TaJcutsnji, we^t of YauagiiiobunbA. 

NifiUimnra Hikobei, • • • • Teramaohi, be loir A^nokoji. 
Inagaki Magobei, '' ** Nisliiki-noJcoji 

Gold Laoqner Artist. 

Tamamoio Bihei, Mnromaohi, below Imadegawa. 

Sculptor. 

Tanaka Soaiike, Teramaohi, above AnegiJcojL 

Fans. 

EUiano Hisagoro, ' • Tominokoji, above Gojo. 

Nalsajima iBuke, ** " Matsuwara. 

NifiUida Sosliiro, ...*.... HigasUUno.Toin, below Shiohijo. 
IfiliilKado Kisaburo, Yauaginobamba^ above Biikkoji. 

Toys. 

Misaki Soijiro, Sliijo, east of Yanaginobamba. 

Tanigoohi Toldjiro, • • • • Atarashi-inaohi, above Ayanokoji. 

Gold and Silver Foil. 

Fukuda Jusuke, Matsuwara, Odawara-clio. 

Iwatsubo Oohei, ** west of Takakiira. 

Tea. 

Niahindhi Yataro, Kenninji-xnaolii, below Gojo 

Watanabe Rihei, Teramacki, above Nijo. 

Fujikawa Seitaro, ^ojo, west of Muro-maohi. 

Fine Art Curios. 

Hayashj Shinsuke, Fnrumonzen, east of Nawate. 

Komagal Kiziio, Teiamadii, Auegakoji. 

Ikeda Beisuke, ^unmonsMu, west of KoborL 

Yamanaka Kiohibei, • • • • Teramachi, below Oike. 

Fuknda Asajiro, ** " Osbikoji. 

Nogawa Nobora, Bliijo,ea8t of Teramaohi. 

Books. 

Isomoji Bunjiro, Sanjo, east of Takaknra. 

Fojii Magobei, Goko^naolii, above Auegakoji. 




nipthi nn TOii^ rtof flM^gl 

JOm^ •••• TnaaMlii, atov* flhiJS. 




Pap«r. 

flmfi irti4 ol nigMM iwTlDfa. 

KanMBMi, abof« Myi. 

Jngiai, Qoj^ wtrt d lUgMM wiTBfn, 

Bieydit (Kalt, toUt and repairtd). 
Jlirlkldui MMiftictwrT 

DuMtajaToM^ Fifth slMi d H<miiiiMhi, FaihiiBl. 

Bold. 

Photographen. 

H<«i Mamnii, Termmaelii, below BnkkajL 

Hani Yarwnke, Tempi* grfMinlof Y«m)ui JimliainOloiii 

Ckmmki Kuntmn, miiiikjognJiu, \t\om Baajo. 

tmkt Knioajiro, In Maniyaina Vwak, 

Tailors. 

ArimniA Kaliai, BtnjS, want of TominokoJL 

Terfii^ Yooddehi, • • • * Tetamadii, abo^ (Hka. 

Boots and Shoos. 

IBMJ Or'tbel, C0>i>n ^vv^t of KawaiamaehL 

giilan Kolanip Tvamadii and Takejramaflhi 

Foroiga Ooods. 

BnadaMmbal, Banjn, aai4 of Pngraehob 

Inai Danjvd^ Otabiolio, SliifTi. 

WatohflUikors. 

Take Tafca iMwin fc a, Banjn, weei of TominnkoiL 

fllii>>, aaM of KoImIiL 

Moaoki^ ik>ji>i ««^ of TominuhoJI. 



i ^^ 

i H 

I ^ 



i 1 

i 1 






iijl |i I i i 

Hal If a I I 



1i -s -St 



sli iiiiil 

I i mm 



i.i. it 
ii 13 



l!« 



lilil 

I ■Is' 






llilll^ll^l%^l; 



ill 




M I f I f ill 

f n 1 1 nil 

3 1 I I it I i i I I i I III 

S S I ^ O i S § ^ I s i ^il 



MUM 



]\h J 



3 2 = 



!4lS3 



nil 

ilUdMi iilllii 






IJ 
■'1 



■ £ : 



^ ^ life i if^ ^ Ilr ti 



£ i3 f 




.i |i 




I 



ffill 



ill 



i 



111 



mi S 



IT 

Vtwtpapen and KaKaiinet. 

TIm iMding imwifmpBr in tlie Uiiods Shimlmii, paliUfihad on 
ftnjS, ««■< of HiffMhi-no-Toiti. 

Amnoff wmaef oUwr pablimiiom the following vmj be menlioil- 

UMpuatm of the Fine Arte ApeneUiion, MaromMhi, ebore Oike. 
MaadilT Report of Kjolo Ouunber of KenenmvQ, tbore Ebien- 



HeinhoJiMi Z«Bhi flhinlTogolni HlgMhi-iiefab- 

eoji, below Kildloii. 

Dudii«he Bon^n flhokolrojl Monieivehg. 

Mi^pUDneof Kjutn RiltimiinniU Booietj, Hi8Mlii-iio.T5inp tbore Sen* 

A List of the Host Calebratad H iihijin WeaTars, 

Honor i. (f^jr"*'/*"**^)- 

KitJipiwB Heihechi, • • • • Hryrikewm, elMive Imiiilipgewe. 

Tani Sliin^hirlii, Kemulechinri, nnrth-weftt of Jofnknjl. 

T'4'.i R:tar'\ ()mi>ii, ntiitli-wcKt of Ituntunji. 

fie— III f^i»lii'*ln, HtniliAini, ebovA Tenuionclii. 

iHOtf* T'««ir]ii, IloniukwA, 4 rk I nnrtli of TereiioucliL 

Tlishokn OrimonO. (^>rrmimii/-r/r«*i/#i/prif»). 
MJoMiii MeUiHii, Oinive, norih-wuit of Itmitiiuji. 

Batin. 

He«liiinr>V* I>f niii, Kenii-Derliinrt, nrfrtli-c«i(t of Sembon. 

Omeshi Crape. 

MeUiiJii Weirliini, Irlii}'*, went of fVmbnn. 

Hit<imi Kenwike, lniiMli»piwe, fiut of Rnmbon. 

Hakata. ( If^fy 'i/i' hW mn^ly/nr MtM nnti «iMAfli\ 
Kl'Oo Ifeigorvt, SMavMiuirlii, fjuit of Sliichihon-nulflii. 

VeWet. 

Krimei HikWJiirlit, Tfrnnnurhi, rent of fVmbon. 

Ttntnre Nithiki. i /'«p^y rr^Mtt^ thf r^ifl* *^Mm) 

Nekea YMlurlii, YuKlii}ajnerhi, etMt\e Kliini»<nu»j^iiieehi 



is: 

Cotton Cloths. 

Niimi Haohiroljei, Yoshiya-maohi, above Kami-ChojaniAchi. 

Fnjimura Iwajiro, Inoknina, above Nakadadiinri. 

A List of Celebrated Artists, Poets, Sco 

TGshoku {Otie vened vi eowi eUqudte and precetleiUft,) 
Yamaahixia Kotonawa^ • • Kojingiiohi, east of Kawara-maohi. 

PoeU (Waka). 

Kondo'ToehianJKe, Daibntan, Ikeda^machi. 

Osaki Shishio, Sakaimaohi, below OaUikoji. 

Nakaniabi Sekiin, Domizn, NisliUno-Toin. 

HoBotsajrMaaao, Abnranokoji. above Sanjo. 

PoeU (HaihU). 

FuahikiaD Olioahti, lahiyakuahi, east of Teramaohi. 

Baaliodo Fn jo, Sorinji Temple in Marnyaxna Park. 

Oohian Toaho, Kawaramaohi, above Ebisugawa. 

Old Style Hasicians. 

5no Tadakatan, Sliimo-Kamo Mura. 

Hno Kiuten, Kami-dachiuri, west of Karaaamaru. 

Chinese Scholars. 

Ito Sliigemitau, Higaslii Ilorikawa, above Sliiiuo-daoliimi. 

Tamamoto Akio (also a 

Botanist). Abnnuno^oji, above Oojo. 

Hen Skilled in Chinese Poems and Literature. 

Ema Tenko, Yanaginobamba, below Oike. 

Tani Mioi, Gokomaohi, below Takeya-maohi. 

Ono Kozan, Tomiuokoji, below Oshikoji. 

Kobayasbi Takuya^ Gokomaohi, above Tiokeyamachi. 

lohimura Suiko, Koromonotana, above Sanjo. 

Hayaalii Sokyo, Sakaimaohi, below Oike. 

Nakamoxa Kakudo, Karasiunaru, below Bukkdji. 

. Poet and Painter. 

Tomioka.TBasai, Moromadii, below lohijo. 



19 

Oalligimpher. 

Kamn^ Kiyftmiolii, abore ICfttonimm. 

Seal BngraTor. 

SkiikMk lAiakin, TuMisiDoUunba, below Oike. 

iTory and Wood Canrer. 

Anhi Otakoma, gliimiiiAolii, below Nij5. 

Painters. 

Koao Bftiivt, HigMihi-SMnhoiigi, ahoTe IfArntomMliL 

l^UKiararm OifJraxiyii, * ■ TermmAclii, Abo\e Kojingnehi. 
Morliiinki Gioknaen,- •• • Mnroimidii, al>ore TfUwyAiiiAohL 

Item 7/umn^ NakMbchinri, e«iti of SliimmAchi. 

^twm Mittmlake, MernUunArhi, eMti of KAiitJUisa. 

MmikBwm Solmn, RMHimnuini, abore MArntanuMshi. 

Iman ICriiien, TonuiMnhi, j«lnw MatmiwiirA. 

TanigTirlii Ainan, HigaAlii-no-T6in, below Nishiki-Do-ko]i. 

Kialii CtitkiMlri, In Mani^tnia Park. 

Bnxnki SJv^n^n, Higajilii-noToin, altovo NiMliikinokoja. 

f'U'im; K'.t«iiil«'i, KarAstimani b"»low UnkkOcu. 

K *• Sh»^k«, KvA«iimini, l««)ow 0»>j»i. 

HaU H'*i (^JiHtl/Vu^ pifiw^-*\- Abumn Oioji, \K»\nvr B ikk<*ji. 
TamnraRiiria (^Vauder in od\ - Rhiino.Knwara, Tnukiinichu. 

Foot-ball Player. 

Aanlrai MaMunoclii, • • • • Hir(iki>ji, wp».t of Kawanunaohi. 

Teachers of Tea Ceremony. 

Bra Stym^ K(ipiwa, iil>o\o Teranourhi. 

fro RiHiliiiini, K'tpiwa, at)o\o Tcranonrhi. 

frn 8im1i&, MunliaiKikoji, oiut of Ko^^awa. 

Talvnnrlii fOtiVlit, Niiilii-no.'r<iin, Irtlow Ominao. 

Ifnn»»rlii KliriwG, Kajiuinra, aU>\o Nijii. 

HiMkk AVtan, Takaktira, lirlow Ni>>. 

Teacher of Flower Arrangement. 

Ikraobo Banaho, In H<OJuO((mIi, Rokkakn. («ajit of Karaau- 

mani. 

Instrnotor in Incense Bnrnini^. 

(hko Rti, Niahi-nakAMiiji, abo«o Omniae. 



90 

No Dancers. 

Kongo Kinnosnlce, • • • • Muromachl, above Sliijo. 
Katayama Kurosaburo,- * Yauaginobainba, below Nijo. 
SUigeyama Sengoro (Ki3gai\ Kitainokiiina, above Imadegawa. 

Weavers. 

Sakai Seisliichi, • HorUcawa, above TsratioTiolii. 

Date Toraiobi, Horilcawa, 4 ehl above Terauouolii. 

Torii Kaliei, Omiya, north-west of Itsutsnji. 

Embroiderer.. 

Kobayaslii Kinjiro, ; MiBhi-no-Toln, above Anegakojt. 

YSzen Dyer. 
Yano Seianke, Kamanza^ below Takeyamaclii. 

Potters* 

Seifa Yohei, 6 obo east of Gojo Bridge. 

Takahashi Doliadii, • * • • 4 „ „ „ „ ,, 

Ito Tozan, Gion. (south-side). 

Kyomizu Roknbei, 5 oho east of Gojo Bridge. 

Kinkozan Bobei, Sanjo, 3 oho east of Shirolcawa BHd(^. 

Eiroku Wazen, ShoJeuin, in Keuuinji Temple grounds. 

Baku Kichizaemon, • • • • Aburanokoji, above Nakadaohiuri. 
Mima Chikusen, Fifth street of Gojo Saka. 

Shippo (Oloisonne), Manufacture. 

Namilutwa Yasuyuki, • • • • Sanjo, east of Kitanra Sliirakawasuji, 

Lacquer-ware Makers. 

Kimura Hyosai, Fuyaoho, below Bokkaku. 

Ohashi Shobei, Muromachi, above Mijo. 

Makie (Gold-lacquer) Worker. 

Yamamoto Bihei, Muromachi, below Imadegawa. 

Engraver on Metals. 

Hashimoto Isshi, Ichi jo, west of Shimmachi. 

Makers of Metal Ware. 

Hada Zorokn, Tominokoji, above Nijo. 



tl 



Jcda OkuOd^to. 

JoBi Bixdu, TBtABiftolii, below flhijo 

UaroMbarD^ • • • • TotninokTiji, below Nijo. 

Cabittot Maker. 

Rial, Ko^iwa, Abofe KamidMhiiirL 

Imperial Japanese Peei- 

LOCAL FOSIAOE. 



>'ar «ech I ooBoe or fiaoiion tliereof , 9 «n. 
Evwy eUtiooel | omiee or (nelioii thereof, S mm, 

VOSrAh CARD. 
rn«|ftlOHd,lJ«ii; Willi prcpAMl ntply, 9 Ml. 

NRWBPA1*KR8 AND 1'KRIODIOAL& 
Wli^ii piifcipil Miigly, (or eeoli 9 ox. or fraeiion \ ten, 
A pMkct eonteining 9 or more, for enoli 3 oi. or fnoiion thffreof, 
1 «ni. 

ROOKfl^ PRINTED CIRCULARR, AND SAMPLES 

OF MRRCIIANDISR. 

Frv e peekri weighing A) ox. or frfw^tinii 3 it^iu 

Every AiUillonU .1) ox. iir fraction tlmioof, 3 n^iu 

I.— hio lUtM of PoHtapD eliove upccined hIixII bo applied to 
l^tur«, pnntal eanU, NVw*|«|ipni. SmnploH, eir., aJilremed to anj 
I l«rm in Jftpnn. 

if. -irf'ltw*, Nrwirpii|«'r«, Hi»i»k", Riniplo*, rt**., jwH-wl nnpaid, are 
'■}'mipp«)il^, on fk*1i««*n- witli itiiililci tli«* nriliiinry laU* of poKtAp*; aifel 
if p*u«l 1 n^nflieiently pn»]Aiil, ain rliiip'aMo, on ilnh vrnr, with 
•1 . U* till* ilnfiri^nnr. T*n|iftul athl insMffi Mrntly prepaid mail mtttm-, 
:f rrf'i«««l Inr tlio aiIiIioam^, in rptnrm^l tn tlio MMklrr anl tlirM 
i.nv« tlie ilf*fleirnry ciilkH-tnl. 'Pio nniuunt ilne in »1iown by 
itanifM eannelM witli a «i|nar«« fitAni|i. 

Ill ^lirtlrn rv ntlirr rfimM>p<m|po v will ti^ flnlirerMl liy upeeial 
arr-.^r ininwibAt«*ly ii|w»n aiTunt At Xhr niTv^ •>( ilr^ti nation, if IIm 
P|««r:al f#r (in aiiliiion t<i tlin ftnlitviiy p i^tv** -, i" alTixcrt tlieiein 
in *Ufnp«, at tlie fullowing »!«**•: — 

A. P«ir cft'li attirlc nr jMi'lft ailln<»>4'i| ti T •kv'i, Kyi>l i or OmJdIi 
I'jvn. 

It For carh article ur packet aiibcv^Ml M any plaoe wliere tliere 
iaaPoalomee,6«a. 



G. If aidreased to any place wbere there ia dq Post OiHoe, per 13 
M of distanoe which there may be between the final Poet Otfioe 
and the addressee's residence, 6 sen. 

Sadi correspondence must always be registered, and the words, 
" Special Deliveiy " must also be written on the addi-essed side of it. 

IV. — Lettera and other correspondence upon wliidi Uie postage 
has been fully prepaid, may be registered, by payment, in postage 
stamps, of the register fee of 6 sen for each. 

Limit of weight and dimensions. — ^No mail matter shall exceed in 
dimensions I thaku 2 mm (about 14 inches) in length, 8 sim 
(about 9} inches) in widUi, and 6 mm (about 6 inches) in deptlu 
Samples of Merchandise shall not exceed in weight 100 momme 
(about 12} oimces), and any other mail matter (letters excepted) 
800 momme (about 37 ounces). 

DOMESTIC MONEY ORDERS. 

There are two Idnds of Domestic Money Order, Small Orders and 
Regular Orders. 

'Hie Small ordar is issued for sums of 8 yen and under, and the 
fee is 8 sen. 

When using Small Orders, tlie sender must write the narao and 
address of tlie payee in the space preserved for tliat purpoBo on tlie 
face of the Order, and tlie Payee mmt sign his or her name on tlie 
back ol the Onlor in a space preserved for that pinpow. 

Hie name and the address on the back of the Oixler miist corre- 
spond with that on tho face. 

Regular Orders are issued for sums up to 80 yen ami only ordera to 
that amount will be issued in one day to Uie same payee and same 
remitter. 
Hie fees for Regular Ordere are as follow: — 

For sums upto 6 yen 4 sen. 

For sums from 5 ytn to 10 yen 6 aeii. 

For sums from 10 yen to 20 2/en 10 fien. 

For sums from 20 ye/i to 30 yen 15 «ik 

A Regular Order must be signed on the back in a space reserved 
for that purpose. 

Domestic Orders con be sent to Sliaiighai ; the amount, howovor 
is limited to SO yen, and the fees are as follow: — 

Up to 10 yen 10 sen. 

From 10 3/€n to 20 ysn 20 sen. 

Viom 20 yen to 80 yen 80 sen. 



RATES OF FOREIGN FOOTAGE. 

Tn the ITnited StAten, GuMda, Hongkoiv, Wl^liToskoek, And 
niiMtiftMi, |iCT 15 gniiiun6Py 5 MR* 

To all Union Conntrieii tU Um Uniiad SUtM, GMMkb or Hong- 
koci^ per H simmme^ Ip «oi. 

UMIT OF WRIGHT AND DlMENSIONa 

flinnilw ol mawiiftntliie mntt not exceed in weight 250 granunee 
i.efcovi 8} onneen) nor in dimension, 18 inobee in length, 8 inehae 
tm width, end 4 intliee in diemeler. 

Other ettidee (lettem excepted) ere limited in wei^ii only to 
l,f)UO gimnunes (ebont 4 j Ibe.) 

POOTAL CARDa 

y't* t7«iiouiMiifiii eUiied, ft|«rtAl p(i».tAl rftnli* liAvo licon iwnioil Mul 
-} \w> n\4Mxne%\ on upplicetinn ftt tlio P(»Kt (Mline. Domc^io poelal 
Willi aciliiintiel itiAnipe a/IIxaI) can alfto be used far Uiia 



RF':(}IffrRATION. 

PHnlftl matirr of all kiml^, mniplefl of merrhamlim and com- 
m«*r-ia] piprm, an well a^ lotiom may bo rrgiKtcred to all Foetal 
I'mon rountrieK ami to Rliangliai on jiayment of 10 urn. 

RETT'RN HKCtlfnr.U RECFjrTR 

T'pnn pavnvnt of fo<« of f, ^rn, in mlliiion to tlie regixter fee, a 
np*v.pt,tolr«ipi<»«niT Ibr a4Vbo«we aivl rrlttnvHl to the writ<»r, will be 
frvwanWl Willi rfgif^trm iwl<br«(i«nl to ronnirir* of the Poetal Union. 

riUN'lTJ) MATITCR. 

To ili^ !' iittnl KtAU*ff, ("aiuwla, diina pori*, anrl Wladivo^tork, for 
rtrrr B*) p«mme« or frartioii ilim^of, 1 »tn. To all oilier Union 
eptmtfi^*, f«ir etery r»<i gramme* or fnu-liun tbcrrof, 3 vn. 

8ampl«« of nM*rrliAiidi«4« wlicn in tlio form of a roll may be BO 
erntimrt^m in l4>i)ctli, ami In cpnlim«>icr« intliameier. 

t'erXri" of mmmrrnfil fviprr* ulicn in l1i<> form of a roll, may be 
iS ertiliniein* in Ictigtli, ainl lo rrntimfi^r« in diamrier. 



MONEY ORDERS. 

■ Money Order Oflicea iu Jti\wn : — ^TiJcyo, Kytiio, O.-^l-ui, YttkohainA, 
Kutjo, NngOKnki, HtiktMlaie, Aiul Sluuigluii. * 

Coiiuti'ieH of uxclmugo of Money Oitlers : — 

Hongkong, Great Britain, France, United HUiUm of AniuriuA, 
Ganadu, and Italy. 

Money expressed on Orders: — ^Mexican dollai-s, Pound sterling, 
PVancs, United States dollars. 

Maximum amount : — ^International Money Older, i^Vs. 500 ; British 
Mon^ Orders, L. 10 ; French Money Orders, Frs. 250 ; American 
Money Orders, | 100 (U. a §); Italian Money Orders, Frs. 500; 
Canadian Money Orders, | 50 (U. S. ^)i Hongkong Money Orders, 
I 50 (Mexican |) 

Fees: — Sums up to | 25, 25 sen; sums above ff 25, 50 «en; sums 
up to L. 5, 35 Mfi; sums alKrve L. 5, 70 wa. siims up to Frs. 125, 
25 ma; Slims above Frs. 125, 50 urn; Hnm» np to $ 25, U5 v^t; siuns 
i^bove I 25, 7o aen. No fraction of a cent, penny, or 5 centimes 
allowed. 

Hie amount received for each order payable in Great Britain, 
France, or the United States, shall be convei-ted respectively into 
Pound sterUng, Fiunos, or United States dollars, at tlie rate of 
exchange of tlie day of issue ; and the amount of such onler issued 
in Great Britain, Fiance, or tlie United States shall be converted 
into Japanese ourrenoy, at the rate of exdiango of tlio day on which 
the oorreeponding advice or the money order list is received. 

Hirough tlie intermediary of the Hongkong Post Oflloe, money 
onkffi may, IjOHldus the China iHii-tii whuru Hongkong Postal 
Ageuoies are ostablislied, also Ix) oxchongod with the following 
conuirieB or places: — 

Ceylon, India, Macao, New South Wales, North Borneo, Port 
Darwin, Queensland, Sontli Australia, Straits Settlements, Tasma- 
nia, Victoria, Western Austi-aUa, New Zealand, and Ban^ok. 

Tlirough the intermediary of the General Post OlHce, London, 
money orders may be exdianged with the following countries or 
places: — 

Antigua, Baliamas, Barbadoes, Bermuda, British Guiana, Cape 
Colony, Cyprus, Denmark and Danish West Indies, Dominica, 
Dutch East Indies, Faulkl and, Iceland, Great Britain, Gambia, Gold 
Coast, Grenada, Holland, Honduras, (British), Ireland, Jamaica^ 
Lagos, Mauritius, Montserat, Natal, Nevis, New Foundland, Portugal, 
St Helena, St. Kitts, St Lucia, St Vincent, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, 



TftNuprt, IVinidSil »ik1 TiirkK Ulamlii, Hweileii, Nunniy and Tuigiv. 

Hit fee daugpil nn Money ( htlmi f <ir the aJiove oonntrieii or planeB 
vliftll te tlie Mine M one ditrQNl on Itritinh Money Oitileiiii tat the 
f ^eneml Pnii (MBea of Londitn will tnnko deilnotion from tlw amooni 
td Onlni^ M ft fee for inlerneditiy, at tlie following imtee : — 

Bme np to L. 9 8d. 

•* ebo^*' S iiptolj.5 6d. 

M « U5 «IUM7 Qd, 

M M M7 UMMJ^Q Ig^ 

rosr UNION money ORDEBa 

Hie emm^ee with whirli Money Onleni eui be wdiengej imte 
the Hmpml Anmnigimimt of Internetiotwl Money Older flwiee m 
m fnllnvn:— Amitrifi-llnnpuy.t linlgyirU, (lenuBiiy,t IMglnm, Lai- 
cinfinTg;t RciimuuiU^ end RwitaterUikif 

The einnmit rNehfil for f«ch Onfer ftfiyiihle in tlie ebote eonntriee 
•1«U l« ennterieil into Ft^tim «t tlie mie of eicliAngB of tlie diy of 
ivn^, end tlie emoiuit of eArli nnlpr imiiod in tlie Mid eo nn trie e 
■IiaH Ym ronwTteil into Jepenei^ mrreiifly at Uie rate of eicluuigB of 
ili^ der nn wliirh lli^ iinW ir mriovni 

'fli^ fee for e iiiiifsle oTili*r hImII be: — 

Intmutioiud Mniiry Onlcm: — 

Knr Fm. 2.% 6 vn; 

IlntiKli MniH*y Onipni: — 

Vi^ It. r>, 35 Vft: for K ID, no v;l 

Kretirli Moii^ Oplrni: — 

For Vm. 125, 2.1 *■«; fur Fru. 250, 50 viu 

IteliAn MniM*y OnliTii: — 

Fcir Fm. 50, 12 %^i: for ■flditiotuU unm of Fre. 25, tach 

Ilnngltoni; Monpy Onlorn: — 
For f'ir*, 2.'f «rn: fiir I ,'i<i, 50 vii. 
Btmii^ Rrttlmnriitu Moitny <>iilrr«: — 
Fur f25, :t5 m-n; fiii | 511, 70 %^ 
ftfienchei Monny Onlrm:^ 
Fat f 25, 1 im ; f or f 50, 2 vti. 

Ti) AMKKK'A. 

Fi* f 25 f«» 25 rrntm, 

AlMtve I 25 to f 50 f<^ 51 » (viiU. 

AImi\o I 50 t<i f 75 (m 75 cfiiIj^ 

Abovo I 16 to floo fee luu ecutn. 



26 

TO CANADA. 

For I 25 feo 25 caitf. 

l^uuil 25 to I 50 feo 50 oadu, 

SAMPLES TO ENGLAND. 

aOO grammes 12XB4-4 indies. 
Notioo of paymeut oau le obtoinoil iipoii pAymeiit of a feo of 5 
aen, 

* United States Money Orders only. 

t Telegrapliio Money Orders sliall be issaed and paid at Tokyo 
and Tokoliama. 

Bates for Telegrams- 
Internal telegrams in any of ilie principal European languages are 
at the rate of 5 asn a word, adifa«8f<eB being ciiorgoable, and tlio 

minimum diorge for atelegram being 25 «!/n Within oity limitH the 
price is 2 «0/t a word with 10 nen as the niiuimmn ohnrgo. A 
telegram in Japanese of 10 kana characters oofits 15 «eA; witli no 
diarge for tlie address. 

International telegrams may be sent to most parts of the world. 
The diarges for each word (including those in Uie addresses) to 

some of the important points are given below. 

via Wladivostodc, via Sliangiiai. 

yen, yen, 

Shanghai, 4.98 .76 

Hongkong, 4.42 1.32 

Singapore, 3.84 2.30 

India, 3.13 3.00 

Europe (except Russia), 2.55 S.aO 

Australia, 3.49 to 5.44 8.34to4.l3 

New York, 2.90 3,85 

California, 3.08 4.03 

Ontario or Quebec, 2.90 3.85 

Money. 

The yen is tlie unit One yoi=100 aen. One 96nr=l0 rtn. Hie 
Gold yen has nearly the same value as the gold dollar of tlie United 
States; but it is seldom seen, as is also the case with the 2 yen^ 
5 yen^ 10 ym, and 20 yen gold coins. 

Silver coins are of the value of lyen (nearly Uie same as the 



17 

UnicM M1«X 60«M|S3«is 10«isMiil6tm. Thnt Is alio a 
•toailt aoHv.** 

Nidvl U and onlj in tlie 5 «m pieJM. 

Cmy ooins v« of S wt, 1 mm, } «ni, anl 1 riii. 

rjifcr moiMgr ennriwlt of OovemnMnt nnCei mad banknotoik 
Tlicj n* on th* baais o( ilia idlvar jfai. 

Weight! and Measnrot. 

H as^ 10 nT^rl na ; 10 rianl /an, or 5«703 gra. lYoy ; 10 /«« 
nl MMaw>^ or f,I9 drams aToinlnpois; luoo momnt^zzl kmamme, 
or VJ9 1l«^ avninlitpoiM. 10<> wumme=l Hh, nr l.$3 Ifas. avoiidnpoU 

i^mff .1|n»«rf. I'J 6m=1 ««», nr 1.10 Rnglish inolies; 10 MM=1 
dUK, or 11.03 indies; 10 4nhc=l jd; yAiifoc=l ias. 

^T'al JIbmi^ 10 6«=1 «Ma; 10 «Ma=l aim^ or 14iVit 
Rairhiili inrlien; 10 44ribi=l j«. It will be seen tliat Um deaomina- 
iimi* nrd slMint *A Iniigrr tlisn in the oniinary linear moasureinent. 

}k.i*mt nf iMann, 1 a/WiU — 11.0:) iirAit; ^Vm:=:1 1x4 or 6 ft 
I- '.5 in.; GO foN=l dk5, or Sw\ ft (^aboiii i/n **•«/'); :)6 (ky=\ ir^ or 

/^Mr/ .IAn«irr«>. 1 f*HA'> nr Ait nrl ftqnfkro yiin1«; 30 t«riAo-=.l w; 
1 I « -1 frin; lf)lrin = l r4 >, or 3.<o acreit: 1,29G rfto -1 winare ri, or 
'■ \<» *|'isi* mile*. 

M**i^Hwf y tUpwiiif. !•) i«u^l ff^r.fi: lo i^iU— 1 yf, nr 1.27 gills; 
1 I 'M -1 «&?, tir l.i'O qtinit^; lo »hi zV ti\ or 1.0.4 pfHdc^ ilry 
rnr*»*-r, nf ;i.tj7 pill«m«, lii)iiiil tn«»!iRnii*; 10 fr» :1 h*!cH, or 4-00 
t^i^lie!*, iir .19.7 gall(»ii«. 

1K)0KS ON JAPAN. 

Hie bn< Jin Uwi listo tren piilih*>h<^l in ro'^iii j'e.vii upon Jsfisn 
sr» «o nrimNrnn* tlisl it will h? p >««tMf« i<t ivU*t i<i only s fow. 
CJt'.rtl*** -'Dy* Mi)tafl'>*N Km|MTo," Htilt r«*insiivi tlie inoul iiNpfnl honk 
f'v thr cpiirral riviibv. Iloiirii ''J.tpvi," sihl "Tlio InfliintriM 
i*t Jspaii,** are to )«» r<»rf»ininoiiiln! to tlio«c who wiptli rplialJe 
iiif'vmstion npiin pliy^Mprnjiliy, Mliiiipftpliy, top-ipuphy, a$:rinil. 
tn re, mini nit, msniifsrtiiro", eommernn, «*i.\ Hni^lrii "Jspan sml 
ItP Arl" in the m i^t r*%i\\ pnirnl lisiiil UmiX rttnviiiiiii; ttii* s:t of tlie 
rntintnr. ClisnilrtUiirn "Tliiiii^ Jn|«iie«<» " sti«wrr« many of tlio 
#|fiP«ti<ifM tlui \iMiiini AiA siw.'%>*« ft-OiinfE, Imt fur wlii<*li the 
snmrii are pektmi foitli*<>miiiK. Mitfiiitr« " Tale* of t)kl 
JftfAfi,*' aial (lrifnii'ii.'*Jii|«iiMHir Ksiry Wnttil," civo an inNi|;lit into 
Isfpiali and pnpolar tales. ColeritlijB's "Life and liotten of 8t 



28 

• 

fVanoiB Xavier" and Eastlalce's ** First Oentnry of tlie Chnrdb in 
Japan" are tbe most easily obtained accounts of Uie Roman 
Oatholio missions of two centuries ago; while Gordon's **An 
American Missionaiy in Japan" tells of modem Missionary 
methods. Mmiay's **Hand.book for Japan" is indispensable 
to those who plan for extended travel. The **l^»n8aotion8 of the 
Asiatic Society of Japan" furnish a mine of wealth to those who are 
making a thorough study of the subjects treated in the valuable 
papers they contain. 

Calendar of FestiYah Held in Kyoto and Vicinity. 

JANUARY. 

1-3, New year's festival. 

7, I^anakuadt or festival of seven kinds of vegetables. 

10, Festival of Ebisu at Kemiinji. 
15-19, Pilgrimage to Hadiiman Temple. 

8U, J£ut9uka SkSyuUUf Uie 20th day uf tlio new year. 
80, Memorial service of Uie £mperor Komel 

FEBRUARY. 

11, Commemoration of enthronement of the Emperor Jimmu. 
In tliis month special honor is paid to luari on the fii'st '* Day of 

of tlie Horse" according to the old calendar. 

MARCH. 

3, Festival of dolls; for girls. 

9, Ezliibition of the sacred tooth of Sliaka at Sonyuji. 
21, Spring festival in honor of the Imperial Ancestors. 
23, Tlie image in Saga-no-Sliakado is exliibited. 
In this month comes tlie season called hiycui when the graves are 
specially visited, and the Rudilhist images in difTei-ent temples are 
exhibited. 

APRIL. 

8, Memorial of the Emperor Jimmu. 
8, Birthday of Shaka. 

18. Hiirteenth year pilgrimage at Biga. 
19-26, l^[)ecial services at Cliion-in. 

llie festival ot Malsuo comes on the 2nd "Day of the 
Hare," and that of UmeUu on the 2nd *' Day of the 
Bird." 



MAT. 

f^ Fm/^tnX of Hn^ mod anaor; for bogrK Hufmaot U 

Kinow FottavAl of Twumiifa, 
tb Sk jj am ai^ a foalivtl; in honor "of falltn ■oldUffn; si ^fowOi 
% Waiihinf inuigb of BBiJui «i SiipL 
U, P«4ival of myodiL 

U. Aoi foalival si Ksmo temples. Inumiy» feaiifsl. 
!<!, Oori$ festivftln. 
Hm feirtivsl of M^«o oomes on ilie flni "Dsjr of tlie Diid," 
Ibsl of Insri on the «Mttl ••Day of ilie Hsra,** tlisi of Uikagt on 
llw Moood " Dagr of the Oi." 

JUHB. 

1, Hor«e-i«flS si Xtmo. 

S, Hati«4Soe si Ksma Pojinomori fesiivsl. Agirts fsiliirsl 
siUjL 

JULY. 

15, Pntting np tioko for Oion fesitvml. 

17, flinn (entiTsL 

37, ExIitMtion n( treifinr^ nf pAitnkiiji. 

Si, Gioti fentiviil nf tliA 14tli lUy. 

S 4, .Vil94Mmu et Oiiin. 

AUOlIffT. 

7, Vtmthn^ nr Fe^ivftl n( ilie nttrN. 
H, .l/onJM-yf stTiijt. 

0, FeHi*«l fof wrl*oin#» of ilppvift] RpiriK 
1 I, Tliotiiduiil lUyn* pilpiin4p« hi Kiyomixii. 
l\ /JkiiMMl-N fUnanR st MftUngiMiXi. 
10, Vim on Ihiimfinji aiifl oilier miitinUin winpeii. 
Si, Kp«tiTiil in hitii'ir of J\iu\ 
34, F.iliitation nf trvA^Mr^^ of Mvudliinji. 
3'), F.iliitntioii of trrwiTirv** of Konjlii-in (Nen»nji) 
T1i# fM»t of tlH» full moon, tliAi )iy i1i(« oil nbtemlM' mine on Ow 
i;.tti 'if tli«« Hill montli, mey hy itio u**w rAlrikUr come in AiigiiKt 
oi Hpi^mler. 

SKriKMUKJt 

4, Fiwiitel of tli#i nsiTnil in itli of 9^ink% si flennlji. 

9, Clioyn, rw honhliiiff of ili«» p<*4kiivo element ; ao mllml 

lBisu«e tlie Diim>«*r U !• il'tnUeil, ill in beinff ilie Oih 

dsy of ilie Uili monili. 



80 

93, Aatnmnal festival in honor of the Imperial Anoeston. 

OOTOBBR 

i. and 4, Festival^of -Temmanga at Kiiano. 

0, Festval of Kurama. 

17, Offering of first-fruits to the Imperial Anoestors. 

20, Festival of EbiKU, one of the gods of wealili. Oloth- 

dealers especially observe this festival, and sell their 
goods at lower prices. Old pieces of cloth and rem. 
nants are sold at this time. 

NOVEMBER. 

3, The Emperor's birth-day. 

6, S1w.'coMait a festival in honor of fallen soldiers, at Bydzen. 
8, Fire-boming festival at Inari Temple. 

38, J^ o/Ux) at Higaslii Hougwaiijl 

23, Thetasting of new rice by the Emperor, aiid its o£Puring 
to tiie Imperial Ancestors. 

DECEMBER. 

Near the end of tliis month tlie making of mocfU^ a kind of xioe- 
oflke, is of great interest to Uie diildren. Tlie goods for the festivi- 
ties of Newyear's are sold in special mai-kets called l\)shirno-idiL 
(markets of tlie year.) 

The following places have festivals or are specially frequented on 
the days mentioned of each month. 

1, Yasaka (Day and night.) 

7, Takoyakuslu (Niglit.) 

8, Inaba Yakuslii (Matsuwara, west of Higaslii-no-Toin, 

Night) 

10, Tasui Kompira (Sliimo-gawara, Gion). 

11, Tako Yaknshi (Night) 

12, Inaba Yakushi (Night) 

14, Goslio Hadiiman. (Sonth-west comer of Imperial Paik. 
Night) 

16, Yasaka, Gosho Hachinian. 

17, Rokkakudo (Night), Kiyomizo. 

18, Rokkakudo (Night) 

21, TojL 

25, Nishiki Tenjin and Eitano Tenjin. (Day and Night) 
28, Matsuwara Fudo, (Night) 



81 

PHees noted for Flowers, ete, 

PlilTIf BLOSSOMa 

Umakni M FimliimLKiinnci. FniMolajAiiUL 

I*EACH niiOSSOlfR, 
ll*«i<i^iiui«t Knuliitni. Olounediini «i Fniiliiini. 

WEEPINO-CHRRRY BL()S80Ma 

ni«'««knji (Uvrtjnmk Pftrk). YmJoi Temple. MnisnguAld (north 
f4 Kr^'iio '. Former re«ideiMe of Konoe f ami^ (norili'Veel eomar of 
ImfffTtAl IWk). Iwaknra (norib-eeiri of Kyoto). 

CHRRR7 BIi088()Ma 

Ar«4itTemJL f limnn. TimOui. CliioiUn. Hiputlii-ntAnt. Borinji (llAni- 
ytnm lUrki. Kiyomixii. Nifflii Ot^nt. Omnra UmmmeA. Shimo- 
Ct«m<<. KMfii^^ftmn. lUiui-iKvirrA. rmemiya. KurmmA. Daigo (in 
f*^ r^nniyL NAgKokA. 

WIfrrARlA. 
H.rmrio, Kiyomiza. 

LF^rEPEZA. 

I^ahnUn, Toikijt, RiiUuOiiijf, Tptinigi-nivmiyt (neer BenjQji). 

MAI'LE IiKAV^>i 

T5'">'tji, KiXwrntfl'i. Kliiiniiinlti. Kiyoniixii. Ktn3(ftXiiji. ArAnlilyamA. 
T«>A<\ T'^vnti'Mt, NftpiiikA. Nifllii Iwakitm. Mukinoo. 8eki-Mn 
N'Ttli of FEiiagaktiin l^lAof»\ 

riCKINO OF TEA. 
I'ji, iHnpo, Hrvmml pUceR in i\w nontli^m part of YamjMhiro. 

FIRE- KM FA 
I'|i, YunAlAnft i ttpper coiirnr of Taiuino Ri^er\ HiroMwA. 

i^vns. 

i»rnni, NjfcJii ntini, Tojji. 

KIZUMI COoLlNrJoFF rLA(T>i». 
IW**! of fuimo Ri^rr At H)u)>>, H)iimf>-inim<\ NiAkiioji. 

NICHIT MAHKFrra 

f4i.n K><*t:iJ(ti^l.»ri. TrrAinnrln, n«nth of Ni^.. R!u^\ b^lAffien 
T»ktk*iift At»l S'M^i Rri«l^f>. II««i-.)ui«fi. Htii/t. f^rtilHin of It^utffiiii. 
HorJuiwa l«>!im Sliitn<«b<-liiiiri. 'Icimnotirln of (3iui}A. Fiut of Oop 
Biid^c. OniyA of 8liiHii}i~>. 



LIST 
EHPEEOES AND SHOOUHS. 



Name of 

Empeiors. 
Timmu 

Itoku 

K/Ma 

Korsl 

Kukm! 

lU anliin 



E}iiiui 
Koiku . 



14 pi 

genoj of till 
Em])niBB Jingo) 

16 3jiD . . . 

16 Niutoku 

1'. " ' 



iiyflkn - 
NiiJwn • 



■iii Keitoi 

27 AiiliAii 

3.1 Beiikwa 

30 Kmimei 

30 bidalsu 

allYoinei 

32 SoBun 

aa 'Siiiko (EmpreEB)' 

S-llJomei 

35 KL>ky(ikD{EiupraEt) 




t)i* Rmnnnn 



Nune ol 

Kiio 

RcStiija 

rilmkun ... 



aotnb* 

riuciiiinai&dii 

Cainl^yo '. 

Bl) rinliuriklwA' -.■ 

aliifi 

OOBagH 

Uudikiikiim' .■ ■ 

Bl Qouda 

B3 Ptuliimi 

Qotualiuiil • ■• ' 

aovlja .... 

HtmiKnno . . ■ ■ 
OG tlwliiigi) 



Ciomiunluuiu . . ■ 
Cliulioi 



northern Dj/Mutf. 
SoBon 



Qoeuyii ■ 
aokoiuatB 



100 Qokoinatsu . . 
lUl StuUo 



1100 *■ 
1211 " 

laaa " 

1222 " 



iwa " 

1300 " 

1301 " 



1333 " 
1330 '• 
lilig " 

mca ■' 
13", a " 

laaa " 



1303 " 
1413 " 
113'J " 



Nnma of 

tliip of tlieir *n- 
ceetntl deities and 
till) diMribntion 
of IioDoni, vliile 
tlie Bliugniu a 
tlie miliUiy henJ 
of tlie uoiiiiti; 
actually m led it. 
Mtainntilo Ctmi. 
Yutitomo 

Bunetamo 

/■lyitrara aim. 

YiniUiiiie 

YoritBUBu 

lilKO. 

Huntbika 

Koi^ram 

Morikiuil 



Ai^ikaga FlunSy. 
(MilULinoto CUu.) 

Tskkuji 

Vu^iiali 



iaE3— lau 
]3e«— lado 

ladE—1303 



laeT— ISM 

1394—1433 

1433— iiae 

143^—1419 
1443—1413 



kl £=i 



ll:!U>-'iain»^ii 



TMTof 



YodiinuM 
YmdiililM ■ ■ 
ro4<itMW ■ . 
Vnaliimml 
Vnaliitam (a^dn; 
Yodiiliua ■ 
rmJiitan . . 
YoOiiliidt ■ . 



1440— UTS 

UTS— Usg 
UW— U9S 
UW— IHH 

isoi— icai 

IMl— IMS 

IMS— lew 

lau— issi 

ISO)— 157S 
lETS— IMI 
UM— UBT 



Hii|p7<»lii did n< 
awniiM Um lit)* 
ot Bllogaii, bat 



Sli..K.m. 
Iti'vi^lHi thmity 
MiiKni'it»llUn.). 

I'IkMvU ... 

T»iinii)'iai|ii . 
!jrii.il«i 



1G03— lOUS 

-ica* 

IGJll— )6N) 



GEOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 



Kyoto, Bometiines oalled Saikyo, ^ ^^^^ third largest city of 
Japan, botli Tokyo and Osaka having more inhabitants. Tlie name 
Kyoto signifies ** Capital/' as the oity was for more tlian a thousand 
yeaxB the rasidenoe of the Bmperors. On old ma^ts printed in 
Europe and America it is often designateil as Moaco. Tliis wctttl, 
whioli aocoiding to the present ^tem of transUteratiou is Miyako, 
also signifies ** Capital." Siikyo, meaning ** Western Capital " came 
into use in ldG3 when the name o! Yedo was changed to Tokyo 
(''Eastern Capital") pieparatory to the removal thituer of the 
Imperial residence. In ancient times the city was also known as 
HeianJo, the *<City of Peace." 

Kyoto is situated in ktitude 3oP V 7" N. and longitude 135^ 
467" E. and is elevated about 102 foet abo^e the sea. It is near 
the center of tlie province of Yamashiro, at tlie northern extremity 
of a fertile plain which extends southward until it joins tlie great 
plain stretching to Osaka Bay. On three sides it is guarded by well- 
wooded mountains ; the most prominent being Atago on the west, 
Kurama on tlie north, Hiei to the noi'th east, and the somewlmt 
lower hills on the eastern edge of the city whidi separate it from 
Lake Biwa and give so many beautiful "sites for the temples tliat 
fringe their lower slopes. 

Rivers. Tlurough the eastern part of tlie city (lows the Kamo 
Biver which is formed by tlie union of three streams that rise 
among the hills to tlie nortli. Two of these come togeilier near Ml 
Kurama, and just before entering the city are joined at 3liimo^amo 
by the tliird. The Kamo unites with the Katsura River in the village 
of Toba^ a southern suburb of Kyoto. Tlie bed of the Kamo as 
it traverses tlie city is about 360 feet wide. Like many other 
rivers of Japan, its bed during a large part of the tune is simply a 
long narrow plain of stones and sand with some scanty vegetation, 
one or two narrow streams, and a few scattered pools. It is only as 
heavy rains swell tlie mountain stieams and llood the valleys that 
a turbulent current fills the whole cliannel and occasionally over- 
flows the banks. It was in reference to these troublesome innnda* 
iions that an ancient Emperor, when congratulated on tlie extent 
of his power, replied, **11iere remain three things which I have 
not yet found wajrs of controlling — ^Uie throw of the dice, the 
turbulent priests of Ht Hiei, and the Kamo Biver." 



91 

TIm m^m of Ihit riir«r ie noted for ita parity wliieh fits it for 
UMeliinf eloth and a1«o a kind of a aa i f— d, rMtmbling Iceland 
^IkMk la trooght for tliia pnrpoaa from tlia aaa ooaai Flakaa 
tht aioaii ia nfvead out to drj tmsj be leen near Bhimo-Oamo 
and the Denaeiii BrtdgB. 

Tvo eanala witieli like tlie Kamo (law from north to aonUi,are 
alio ipnkan of aa ritera. One of tlioee, tlie Takaae Bitot, leasee Hie 
Kamo near Nijo 13Hd0e, mna nearly parallel witli the main stream 
about S6U feet to the ivest, «roMea it soon after leaving the dty, and 
then paaea on to Fnidiimi wliere it empties into tlie Tod6 River. 
This canal was dog near tlie eloae of the 16th oentoiy for the parpoee 
of oonteying timber and otlier materials need in the oonstmotion 
of the Inqperial Faboe. It waa planned bj the famous flnminokinm 
Bioi. (See pegs ). 

In the we n tf fu pert of tlie eity is Horikawa (Eioavated RiTsr), a 
eanal that was oonstmctsd in the time of tlie Emperor Kwanmm, 
the founder of Kyoto. A part of its water is derived from the Kamo, 
and part from a small stream eninring from the north; while 
rtirvni)y a hrandi of tlie Biwa Canal lias aiVlcd annilier portion. It ia 
inwnded 1ier«after to ntilize the water-power of this canal for some 
of tlic weaving establinliment^ in Ninliijin. 

AreA. ^^ municipal limits, which have variM from time to time, 
BOW incltMlf an area of 5.1)9 square n, or abont 18 Knglisli sqnara 
milp«. Tlie City in di\i(l4yl into Upper and Lower Kyoto. This 
di^i*i(tn wmii prolably ms«la here Untinse the Palace was in tlie 
n<itth«m half, which Uierefore claimwl iiupenor»ty. Moreover tlie 
htglier elevation of tlist wction made the (ffenent nomenclattire 
aeenrdant witli Uie physical facts. Upper Kyoto eitendn aboat 5 
miles from east to we^t. Its eastern bouniUry is at Bliisliigatani 
81^ while Uie we « (e i» limit is Yiikiie Bt From Josenji-Monaen 
chu near Kiiramsgnchi to Abuniya-chd, the nortliem ami southern 
bntiiklaheti, is s diptaiioe of about 3 miles. liower Kyoto is abont 3) 
mile* aqnare, the eitreme M > or wsrdii l«ing Nakajima-dio on tlie 
nnrtli, Omonom^ho on tlie east, Ims^hinmike-nishi-cho on Uie 
w«at« end the Twenty seoond R|uare of Honolio-duri on tlie sonth. 

PopoUltioa. Tliere lia>e Isvn great ductnations in tlie popala. 
t4on winch is now only half of whsi it in mipposed to lisve been in 
tlie muklle Sf^es. Upon tlie oMUkirtu of the rity ricef^eUlu, market* 
gaftlens,and lea-plsntationn ImM the plAiv»« onr^e iw^rnipieil by lionsee 
aarl homy utreets. Tlie buikhni; of Vcilo tn l:.9 i, with the increaning 
of the Tokn^iwa Stnignns did much to lessen tlie importanee 



of the imperial city. When Tedo beoame Tokyo and was made the 
pBpital, it drew thither not only persons directly oonneoted with the 
court but mai^ others from all classes of the people. Within the 
last few years, however, the renewal of old industries, together with 
the introduction of new mannfaotores, has brought to Kyoto renewed 
prosperity and a sliglit inarease in the number of its people. From 
1887 to 1302 tlie number of houses increased from 64,520 to 
65,971; and the population from 213,459 to 26M^o. 

Streets. ^ shown by tlie map the streets of Kyoto are Yeiy 
regular. Wlieu the city was first built the palace was considerably 
west of tlie present location. From its main gate commenced an 
avenue 230 feet wide, known as Shujaku Street^ which has shrunk 
into the narrow but busy Sembon St. of the present day. It extend- 
ed to tlie southern gate, thus dividing tlie city into two parts of 
which the western was called Choan, and also the Right or Western 
Capital ; the other section being Rakuyo, also known as the Left or 
Eastern GapitaL The western limit of the former was the preaent 
villages of Omuro and Yasui ; while tlie Eastern Capital extended 
to Ooko-machi St, or possibly to Teramachi Si The whole city 
measured 17,53U feet from north to south, and 15,()40 feet from 
east to west Nine wide streets running from east to west were 
numbered Idii-jo, Ni jo, San-jo (1st. ave., 2nd ave., 3rd ave.) dto. The 
^oadest of these measured 170 feet, while others were only about 
half as wide. Between them were streets 40 ft. wide. Tliere were 
thus 88 avenues and streets running east and west, while in each 
half of the city similar ones extended north and south. Thus the 
capital was divided into squares resembUng those of a diedker-board. 
Each square or ch^ was 400 feet square. There were 1216 of these. 
Four cKi made a ho; and four A5, a bo. Around the whole city was 
a low wall and a double moat. There were gates at the ends of the 
main avenues. Civil wars, fires, and other untoward events have 
aided in changing the ancient eystem, so tliat little of it now 
remains except Uie general regularity of tlie streets and the names 
which still remain to some of tliem. Whereas cities usually extend 
to the westward, Kyoto in ancient times reversed the process so tliat 
it now includes considerable territoiy on the east of tlie Kamo 
River, while tlie Right Capital of eleven hundred years ago lias been 
given over chiefly to fields and farming villages. 

Tlie method by whidi the locations of buildings are designated, 
though somewhat confusing to a stranger, is in reaUty veiy simple. 
A house situated on Karasumaru St. a little south of Nijo would be 
described as **Kataaumaru-dori Nijo tagani,** i e. '< Karasumaru St. 



Nij5.^ If north of Nip, ogam (io go op) would 
of aopam. If the diap was on Nijo aaiit of Kanmimft- 
ffv. tht iMripHoo would be «*N0'7 Kamimmaru.Sonhigai^hi-^»4ru*' 
(gainf Io the eeet); if weit of Nij5, iMi (weet) woaU tOe the 
pleoe of li iy ^ L If one remembeit tliet i^ie boiUing ie eitneled on 
the itnet Aral mentioned, tliere ie no peet trouble. 

Bridf at. Tlie moet importent bridgae ere thoee thet eroae the 
Keao River. Commenoing et tlie north tiiey ere thus named ; — 
Am, Dtneehi, Kojin, lamtame^ii, Nijo, 8ftnj5, gliijS, ICatiowan^ 
Ooj^, SlidmeB, and Sliiehijo. Of then the moet famone are the 
flanj^ Sbi JD, and OojJ Bridgai. 

The Banjo Bridgs was bnilt bgr Marada Nagamori at the oommand 
ef Tojotomi Hidejroahi, and is thns about three oentnriee old. 
lli metal omamente were oontribnisd b^ feud%l nobles of 
thai time. It is 878 feet long and a trifle leas than 85 feet 
wide. Sinoe many of tlie principal roads leading from the 
eitj oo m eigi at tliis bridge, it is always crowded ; while near bj 
ars many inm, restanxmnts, and tea-hotisea. Tliis bridgs is taken as 
a ftariing-poiot in measuring diRtanoes upon the ptiblio roads. 

8ii./}, the only iron Irid^ in the city, is 33 i feet long amlii feet 
w»k. TIm fssaent •tructiire wm Imilt in 1874. At itii eastern end 
tt the tectiofi of tlie city oslled Gion 8'iinchi, a place noted for 
daaang^rb and coartexann. Tlieatern of all kind* atLl to tlie 
livehnsM and noisiness of tlie lo^lity. The Ship Tlieater is 
ahnnfli r^mtinnonnly re«)iiikling with tlie notes of munimiv*^ drums, 
fl<zlr^ and otlwr musical iiuttrnments. Gion Temple, one of the 
moat famous in tlie city, is near by. Not far from tlie Is'idge are 
fftijiUty*~*caka, fr^uenUvl by jtigglort and actors ; and Ponttv-cho, 
a pleat similar to Gion Sliinchi. 

In flommsr eteningR tlie Ticinity of FUi jii Ih-idge premntii a lirely 
eppaarmnrw. Temptwwy booilin are erArtnl upon tli« bed of tlie 
nver for tlie benefit of picnickers and merry-makers. Oohired 
kntorus hung about the boothn anil on ilie tea hounen alctng ilie bank 
aiM to tlie bnllianry of tlie ivvne which is tlius described by Mr. 
A. C. MaeUy in ** uito Yashiki;" 



t M l l wtrMo of thriv hnoCK« Nilli iipofi th^ ahn!^* aimI nut Inln Um 

mat4 llw*««uti|a i>f |im|il«> frrqurnUd tli^ni durinc ibr Ih4 Mimmer »*mlnf«. 

ins a^e taMUr^ Io IhHr h«ttrt«' rtnitmi K«irh tm«h • m Alnal Irn a«« 

• ■• rofMSnKiM In m ^fry almplf* m inner. Kmir tin*!! pnnto. onr ml 

v«rt «fti««ti «l«r|i lnV« ih« wihI* . rrnm pWr^^ vrt* thm lk«1 mi ; 

999* ttom enly UM mrmm onlll thrrv hvl U-^-n rtMiatnKtrH • itlAtSKm 

«Mr tint sH»v«> 11m 9mt¥i or th" watrr •• Mw mm- nilt hi br ; ntiH RiuUlj m*la 

llw ftaUmnm, Uiiw HMkli« iMIghlftti IHUr pkmrm tm 



40 

Tha poili extended ebout Are Ibet abore Uie platftnrin, end cords weve efaretdied 
ttom tip to tip, along which pepw leptems of varied onion were airung fbr uae on 
nlghto when the moon was not ahlnlnf. Vendoraor flitlt. Mifea, and mdoni were 
on the bank, and their courier threaded the maxe of booths, rocetvlng and exeoutr 
log ordera with energy and boundlcsi navlty. Walter-glrla were bussing around 
like bottorflies Anom booth to booth, In reponse to clapping hondt-ihe uiilvenul 
hailing signal of the country. Thousands of people were i^tread over the mate 
ei^Joylng themselves by drinking Ml:«, eating fruit, sipping tea. pmoking tobnooo, 
or dsbbling bauds or fbet In tlie cool watera of the stream. The murmur of their 
voices could be heard some distance awiiy. The view from the woodoii brid|^ that 
qunned the stream below was grotesque and weird.— as if the water-elves had 
turned out te feast beneath the moon-beams." 

The Oojo Bridge was formerly a little further np the Btream, 
what is now Matsuwara St. being then called Oojo, Although tl)e 
site of the bridge was ohanged in Hideyoshi's time, it kept its old 
name and oaused those of the streets to be altered. The bridge was 
formerly built of stone, some blodks of whidh are in the ganlen of 
the Kyoto Bsliibition. The present structure was built in 1<I91. 

The bridge Is Ikrooos on aoooant oriteoanclatlans with Bonkel, the Japaness 
Bamson. who llvud in the latter lialf of the 18th osntury. He was a son of the 
priset Tauxu or Kuiuano In the pruvliics of Kit Wlien young 1m was culled Oiii- 
waka, or Young Demon. Wlien sent Ibr an oduaitloii to Mt. Utol, he became more 
noted fbr Ante of strsngth than Ibr dlligencs in studying the Buddhist buolcs. To 
the disgust ef the monies and his Ibilow-studeuts lie qwut much of his tlms in fbno- 
Ing and other mllltery exercises. It is said that liciikei was eight ftet high and 
as strong as a hundred ordinary persons. The some element in human iwture 
that causes men now to ajllect coins, postage-stamps, etc. led pennns then to gather 
a thousand qiedmens of any ortlde that they might choose as the special ol\Ject of 
tlieir endeavors. Nome collected a thousand bows; some, a thousand suits of 
armor, dtc Benkel, fishing to be in fashion, resolved that he would have a 
thousand swoidn capCuivd by his own strength and prowess. Night after night he 
lay In watt Ibr persons whom be nilglit attack. Uo suotvasAil was lie in his ventures 
^lat at lost he hud (Kourud nine huiidrod and ninety bladus. IXtUrous tliut the one 
neoesHury to cumplute ^e assigned number sliuuld be no unllmii-y swonl, he went 
to the temple of TsiiJIn to pray that eomothlng better than usual might be thrown 
In his way. 

It was a bright moonlight night in August when, after long waiting, he saw com- 
ing along the street a tinely drened young noble who was playing a Sute as he 
sauntered leisondy along. At his side hung a beauUAil sword. Benkel, brandish- 
ing a long glaive, sprang out and shouted, "Qiv.e me that sword." The young 
noble, afterwards well known at the brave Ycefiitsune, replied, ''It Is too precious 
Jbr me to be willing to part with It If however you are able to tolcc It, It shall be 
yours." There commenced a contest between ftrcnirih on one side and oglllty on 
the other. Whenever tlie giant tried to gnt^p the stripiiug or to strike him with 
the glaive, Yuahitsune would leap ilke a bird firom one side to Um) other. Jumping 
upon a wall tx^de the street, he soon made a sudden Might through the air kicking 
Benicei's eye In such a way as to blind him. The giant f^l to the ground howling 
fbr mercy. Yoshitsune, having gained posKWion of the glaive bent it and threw 
It back to his ssHUIant telling him to go In peace. 

Benkel, though thus defeated, yet longed to get poMcsslon of the sword. At lost 
he met Yosliitsune upon the G<Jo Bridge. The young noble pursued the same 
tactics as befbre. He leaped hither and thither, now before the giant, now behind 
him, now on the parapet of the bridge, and now dying like a bird befbre the 
dnmaj giant At last Yoshitsune with his steel-ribbed fkn struck Benkei's hands 
■nob a stluglug blow as to beuumb tbom, while the iriuut himself was stoggerliif 





41 

TiM fODlk tten l«apcd ofrni him Uirai«Mili« klm vttt dMlh «nl«i 

bli victor*! rctalMT. T»thli4«iMurf Banket a— Mta4 

nm fklthftil nnrMit. H« ontlly mtrlti 

woodoB mallK. a nir. ft alckla. «■ ax«. ft cfovbtr . 

ft giftlvc. 

IM Uw Otlo brMve ftimlaliai a fkvoriU nl^cci Ibr pftlntlngi. at do« 

•ftcidefit Whan TnalillNaiM wm eKii|4nf ttom hhi Uft—Iti llwfti 

Ikir him lo trftvel dlivataad m Uu» mrrftni of Bankol who ««■ 4ri^ 

A« Uw7 wora iwalnf ft gomri-hmMm, mrnHhlaf la Um aiipoarftnei 

tiM MMplclon of Um mldleffft. In a u aw w lo thalr Inqalrlas 

ly aaartcd Ihftl hr v«ift pHfotaraioot looollcct tabKrlpUoaft Ibr Um 

lint vf ft a«v lompl«. When Um ffoftnla ImMcd on mmm proof of tbto ho drrw 

• Uftnfe pin* of fiftprr Ihai ho hopp-'nod lo h«v« in hh robot nod protondtd lo 

it a comml^rfon ftam Um ex-Rmpnor CioNhlrftkftvft. Tho lllllofato 

remtnlw Um deovpUon knelt with bowod heado ■• ft ilfu of 

writer of the comm b iiio n . To tarther avori o wp l ri o p Boakol 

I of dlwcapccft rtmck lh« pwl ondod mnrftnt, ft boldai Ibr 

all d«nff^ wM over, ho homhlf bp|Bli*4 YoohltMOftli paidna. 

Om aaathrr i Mi d un whm aomo of Um wwiay had plannod to MrprlM Um hooit 

YrnhMMMo had taken roAifo, Benkol. hnvlnf lonrmd of thalr lalaBUoiM, 

the ffBlo ft dommf of i*niw on « hkh ha plooad hia own ftrmor. Tho 

Aenrlnf to appmarh whila the renowned giant wot on gnard* ho with 

aMe lo canape befbre tha rooi waa dlaoovcred. 

CUatta* '^^ elimito of Kjoto ii tuimlly mild and attmctite. 

Tilt ft««ni^ teni|ieniitire for ilie yen in l^.^^ C; tiM higheiti 

haini; M»\ ftikl tlie loweat — ll.g<-\ 'Die hottest mouth it August; 

ftOil the mlihtfit, JaniMtry. 

Hit follfywing tfthle shows tlio average temperature of each 

mitnili in tlie irev 1 iiu. 

Jftnnary, 2.3"^ July, 35. tP 

Fehniarr, J.o ' AuRt^t 3G.4^ 

Mftrr|^ 6.2'J R-ipirmher, ja.G'^ 

Apnl, 13. i'> (Mf>»w, 16.^ 

Msjr, ir»,.'i ' Nf»\oinl«»r, 0.7^ 

Jnft*, 31.1" I)<».vm»*^, 4.0' 

Tlie leUiive in'Matmt^ of tlm ftir Avcmgi*'* 77 *» for the jear; being 
pwftUiAt in S'>T»»mber fttnl l«».\*.t in M»y. 

riie g.ffftte<«t rftinfftll in in .I'in«* ftii<l Jily, tlti« Int'^t in Devmber 
ftTkl Felvnanr. Tlie avpragvi amount for the veAr i" 60 inchoA. In 
liaaur rain^ tlioie i« ■»m»tim«»'< ft fall of ;*» iii'hi*^ in ft tUy. fn 
vitilrr fftJla of «ii<iw fi>>m one to nix lU'lio* in d^pth Aie not uiuvtm- 
m'm ; bit it iX-yn nf>t long rem%in up >n tli*» (jroin l. 

Owing peril Ap« to the pot««^tion of thn nurTounling mountftins 
and the distftiiie from the Keft, the wiiula ftre not no strong at in 
many parts of Japan. 

Marrh is the winr|to«t month whili* So^eniher hft« the least winiL 
Clenentllj sptAking tlie iitron(*r<it wiml^ aip th<»«e ftoin the eftftti 
vhilt tlM favrailing vind is north-west Tlie toutli winl is mnci 



'49 

oommon from April to Angost, and the north from Sepiemlier to 
Mardli. The average Telooity of the wind is 1.3 metres a second. 

Tlie pleasantest montlis for visiting Kyoto are April and May in 
the spring, and from the middle of September to tlie end of 
November. ' ^ 

Persons starting out for tlie day in early spring or late autumn 
shonld take extra wraps ; for frequently the tempei-atiue of the latter 
part of the afternoon suddenly becomes very diilly. 



48 

HISTORY. 



In AoeiMii timaii, tinee eiislom kepi an Ei m woi (rani inhabJiing 
Om hooM which had btlon^id to his father, the ttpitia hed no 
renwmeut locmtton, hut wee remo v ed from pUuse to pUuse in tlie 
provinoee of Yemftto, Ssttsn, Omi, end Yemeehiro. EkAj in the 
eighth eentoiytt veeeetebliBhedin Neti^ bot in 784 AJ).theBnp«ogr 
Kvsmma lemoved to Ntgaolo^ e few milee lonth-weet from the 
ff i n t dty of Kjoto. Findiiif that pboe nneiiiteble, he leiitFnjI. 
w«m Ognromero, Ki-no-Koeemi end the priest Kenkei to flnd e fltHag 
•lis for the founding of e new eity. After e oeref al inTestigaHoB 
they lepofled that the Tillage of Uda in the pfOTinoe of Yamaahiro 
■e ein e d well adapted for tlie imperial residenoe. In Febraaiy, 70S, 
the Rmperof i«nt rrinoe Ishino to tlie Kamo Shrine and annonneed 
hit dp«iie to remove tlie oapitaL During March of the eame jrear 
tlv Rmperor, while on a tour to tlie nnvthero part of Yamaahixo, 
madp s peisoiial iwpeetion of tlie proposed site. Immediately after 
hs p^nt ihitlier a large ntunber of ofBoeii and workmen for the 
fcruld:!^ of the l*aUoe. In Novemlier of tlie next year, 704, the 
Impimal midenne was removed to Kyoto wlwre it remained for 
1>;7S teatii, with tlie ezorpiinn of a vliori time when the arrogant 
KiTomnh rauwd the court to be removed to Fukuwam, wlieie is now 
i)» otT of Uyo^n. Tlie building of the PaUoe was eompleted in 

Ai shesdT nsnated, the ancient city was divi<led into two parts 
calW>d ih« Right CspiUl stid the Left CspiUl. Eadi of tliese was 
(fnerned by an ofTicer l«sring tlie title of Kyushokn. About tluee 
crnttuiefl later tlie Right or Wenteni Capital fell into decay and the 
ntT p«w towayd tlie north-east wheie weie eierted many palaces, 
trmpWw and otlier buildingR. Tlw village of Bhirakawa tlien became 
the m'«t proftperoiui section, e«|iecially during tlie reigns of t]i# 
tlirf^ Kmi^rnm, fpiimkava, Hnrikawa, and Toba. Still Uier tlie wan 
nf ||'>^n ami Hriji indii-ieil git»at (Umage on the city, while great 
f«*i<U|:nitioiM in the yeam 113) aiiil 1177 reduced to aslie« not only 
tlM Imperial falace but aUo many lesulence* of tlie nobles and 
enounon people. 

fW VW V tfii^m. ThH war «M a ftm^rtk bHwfirn two rlalmanla Id Ih* thran*. 
TVt 'Uh FjB|»ror. Hotoka. thmifh nnmlnally a vmi aC Uwp ;4th Km|irmr. Tbha, 
«wrmll7 •■mof tlim.Kmprrt»r Hhlrtkavit AOrr the UUrv*a4ralli In IIW Iw 
«a»Sirrr^f0 r««lf n In fli«or of T<>bn*a wwi «h» «m only t««» )rv«f«ol4. WItM 
tai* ymttm * mft-rm 41*4 af 1^ a fvlf n of murtrrn ) rank. Iil* ntothrr akied bj tlw 
>i^l«ats TadamlrM «i hli btoUw npoa tlw thtooa snew tbo nsMO •€ 



44 

Goablrakawa. Asihoex-Rmpcrortlatoku bud abdlcniod against hia own will he 
diertibed a deaira to return to Uie throne. Pi^lwara Yoriuasaa younger brother 
of Tadamlchl ncretly raoonraged Sutoku, advtolng hlin to take decisive steps for 
the attalument of his desires. Minamolo Tonieyoshl, Minnmoto Ttoietoino, aiid 
Tklim TiMlamasa accordingly gathered their fbllowera in the Bhlrakawa Palace that 
they might support Butoko. The plans that Tunetouto and Tomcyoshl proposed to 
Yorinaga were nOected. Taroeyoshi with his five sons and a hundred horsemen 
guarded the south-west gate, Tametoroo with elgltteen others held the west gate, 
wlUle TadomasR with several hundred soldiers watched the remaining portals. 
The new Kmperor, CkMhlrakawa, had also collected troops, amohg whom were 
Mlnamoto Yoshitomo and Taira Kiyomori. These wne statknwd in the Taka- 
roatsu Palace. Yoshltomo's plan for surprising the enemy at night having been 
adopted, several ttioosand soldlcm were sent to attack the Bhlrakawa Ptalaoe. On 
hearing of this, Tametomo smiled saying, **That Is only what might have been ex* 
pccted.'* Ills manner was bold, for he was in reality one ofUie beat warrtors upon 
bis side. His right arm being sliorter than his lelt enabled him to draw a bow 
the more readily and this together with his great strength made Itlm the rooaC 
noted archer of tlic time. Yorinoita, Hearing tlmt Tknietomo might be vexed at the 
rejection of his plana, wlsb<d to conciliate him by giving him the highoffloeor 
JCwimio \ but Tsmetomo refused the honor wying, '*Why sliould 1 widi to be 
Xurando r My real name is Clilnxei Uachiro, and that is good enough tm me." 

Taira Kiyomori with his son Shlgi^mori advanced toward the west gate. Ito Go 
and Ito Roku. two under oflloera, were placed at the head of the attacking army. 
Seeing this, Tametomo. drawing his enormous bow, sent an arrow with such force 
that after piercing the body of Go it fastened itself to the sleeve of Roku*s armor. 
Terrified at this display of skill. Kiyomori, notwlthntandlng tlie entreaties of the 
more courageous Shiferoori. decided to change the point of attack to the south gate. 
Mlnamoto Yoshitomo, who was a brother of Tsmetomo, now ran to the west gate 
and calling to his brother f rom o distance said. "I come hll her by order of the 
Kmperor. How dare you be guilty of such wickedness as to draw your bow 
against your dder brother t" (According to Japanese ideas It would be o greater 
crime for o younger brother to attack the elder than if the poslUona were reversed.) 
Tunftomo cried out in reply, "We are here by the command of the eX'Kmperor. 
Your flither Is on our side. Which is worse, to draw one's bow against his elder 
brother or to draw sword against one's flithcr^" YoHhitomo. sllem-cd by this 
retort, stopped his horse near the gate called H&geuln. Tametomo drew forth an 
arrow (hmi his quiver but laid It down siiylug, "lie is nt any rate my elder broUior 
and I must try to save him." Me therefore took anotlter arrow liuvlng o lieod so 
constructed as to make o loud humming noise while paiailng through the air. This 
he shot In such a way that, passing harmlessly through a piirtofYashitooio*s 
armw. It piercrd the hinge of the gate ; his otject being to ftighten his brother 
away txaai the place where he was standing. Yoshitomo. witli an assumed air of 
unconcern, said. "You have not yet become o skiiinil markfoiian." Tb this Tame- 
tomo replied, " It wss my Intention not to do you any liaim. Tb prove however 
hat I am not without skill. I will shoot the next arrow ttirough any part of your 
body that you may choose." Fitting another arrow to the string he dlacliarged 
it at lightning speed ; but one of the under offlocrs. rusliliig before YoshiUmio. ny 
celvod thealiafl In bis own liody. 

Many soldlera were sluin upon botli sides. At last Yodiltomo suoce cdod in set- 
ting Are to the piilace wblch was rami wmppfd in flames. Hutoku while utiuiupt- 
ing to escape tu None wiui raitturcd and oxllod tu tlio province of tfonuki. Mai4 of 
tlie warriors who fought upon bis side wore put to death, but Tauiutumu monagod 
to escape. Acoordmg to one version of tiie story he (led to Loo Clioo where bis 
son became the flrKt historical ruler of that group of islands. 

The War^HkiiU In the distribution of rewards to th« offloen who gained the 
Jdory in the Hogen War, Tatra Kiyomori was specially fnvored while 
Mlnamoto Yoshitomo.thoogh equally deserving, received but slight acknowl- 
edgment. This led the way to the dlaoord between the Taira and Minamolo 



4S 

wMHi mr9 rl» toOw ctTtI tMtH of Hi* tatter tmit af tli« Itlh eentvy. Tlit 
Isltm fftwil) n>>ilrr4 bi the |«tn«iM* of PnJIwaim MIchlnoH, the monI In- 
■ ■I wWal HMfMv mt tlai If nM>. « Ho hiiwcvrr ImmI RMWijr •iMnilc*. anMng vImnb wat 
»• Jivam NdMiriiil. a fa^Tvltc of OniMnilaiwa who bad rttlrad tmrn tkm tKrona. 
Mb talltMtM* with tilt •n-Kanp^nr to prt^ w t Noboijwl^ tp^ 
Mfti 0«r». Tlia tattor vm tbin amcarad MalnH boCk tlw notl« 
Mtf hm tmrmt rutron. n« at imrMUIIad hlinwir vtlli YoAMbmm ta 
> Ktjmm^wi mmti MklMMrt 

la DMMBhrr, vMla Kt ya io r t waaaa lila way to wonliip at tha ShtatS i 
i KavMMMs ir«ta)rar1aii4 Tawbttomo talwd ttw baiataraT revolt ai 

liT airbt an tba rx-Ranpator vbo vaa In tha SanjA fatace. Tbay aat tra 
• tIaU and ta tba rraltfanoe of Mlcbtmrl wbo »aa oaidarrd vMla atteaipt- 
b« atfbL Tba laia^fatata bavtnf ablalnad |w a wl ow of tba ex-Rmparcr, tfook 
blmtalba tv§mm Palarr arbrra ba vaa htM In Tlrtoal Imivtaanaiant, tbaagb 
anmlaallraafbrtrally. Tbay alM ranorad tba ralfntnf Rmparor ta tha Sblfato 
rabMn. NaNirwtMMiniHiitbaaScfaorcblaf MtnMerarMataaiideo««MUid«r 
•afbAar.mmdMtcMnarlta bafart tadeaib and made Yarfitteaia tba farafnev 




nava laaawd Kf jotnort. ba baalancd bark ta Ma «MM4a« at 
tba MmUwraKern part af KyuCn. Ila taeretly eommimlcatad 
oNb «Bw nf fha oflkara a«inrlaUd vtth the Kmpamr. A tanspla naar 
Urn ah lain fmhurm wm ml on fire and when the ffuarde want to axtln- 
tbe tamea. tba Rmpvror and Rmpreai vera placed In a rloaed cart, a 
k^ bnod betng thrown nrer U»c brad of tin* tmm^T. An the cart p awe d 
the aml4>. a velcboian aeked whom It mntatned.** They erevMueof tba 
l n i i " »ln-wamwa'* replied the offlrer. The eentlnel took a torch and looked In- 
•ide. aerlna. aebe Kippoeed. twolswlt^e, he ofTerrd no farther oh jectkn and tha 
r*fal party «aa«fel7 eonveyed to Ktjromorl'e tnanetcm. The es-Kaiperar aJea 
■ li ed and tnnk refope tn the temple Nlnnajl. Imperial orders vera now fflvan 
to K t;wt. M rl end hl« mm Khlfrmorl that they eliotild attack the tnwrflvnta. Owtng 
t» difinitl>»fe<tlnn nuvied hjr the arroganoe of Ht^Niyorl. he «ae deaerted by many 
W Ma Ml«« rra. Ycidittnmn rnrtlfed hi meal f tn t)ie Imperial Ihilaca. ranaing tba 
• M«« Imnnrra nf hH family io he dtff«leyed at Uie fniir rnmere. AetbeTatra 
tmr^n »n^*mrhf4 and «av the aarllke arpaaranre of tha enemy, thrynt ftret 
r(>*«4l«< Imi ^Ifvmovi arpad them forward. At hia command they raleed thair 
^«0>^<-r7 and bepan the attack. Mohnynrl, thrown from hie horee and alarmed 
al t»e Iwtfvtawwttjr ef the MMillante. look to ftif ht. To Uke the place of the f affl- 
*«» 1 m htto n m mnl forth YneMhtra who al once ^nrled otit Khlffemorl for attacb. 
Hti«M that hr pvirmed him *mrm tioHS am«tnd thr ch#rT|r and ormnfe treee 
(Yww hefnreahl<»hlnrl*m, t>M> Andlenc« lun of the l*»lece. Jai4 ae he orer. 
hf« f«» Yiahntlta^ hfmm lM»<amo frtpbt^'rx'd en*! fell. « hlU fihleemort. Ifap- 
••••••e ♦Ittrl*. »«»i«hlf In e«»wpc. The Telte Irtwifw, helne defretrd el evtry 

f»ll ^mek In ih*lr Iw«m1 qnertem In Rofcuhere whither Uiejr were pi ire n ed hy 
If MMUiwhiU enotltrr divtstnn of Ktyomnrlii trrvifa oame op and took 
•f the l*alare whirh hi«d l>ven Ufl andeferMlMl hj the pureoer*. When 
1 — t rf tnw w i r«iwnw«d from the rhnar lie «ae «iirprteed to «ee that hln while flafa 
rvp4errd hy IKe red laintvrr* of the etirmy He Iherefor* tem«>d l«Hl 
araHi w» make en amault iwi llnkn't«rm. K I jrofiHW I. tm hearing of the app^vach ef 
the MtnewMO* anltlier^ wial« )ir<l up hU helmet and In the cnnfwdan of thorns 
It fm hi* hr««l « mtte »Hr hefnre \% hen hl« ettendente remarked <m 
■eld. "It \m liecaiMT. while ihn enemy l« In frtvit. the Kmpetor le behind 
a»e and mmalnt rr^w<t I turned the fore |«tt of the helmet towards him. 

A frtre hnt«le riMoed In « hirh tite Inaiinrenta werw rntited. h'ohnjorl wae 
flupenn 4 end •lein V«ehltntno « Ith hl« mm Y<>rt1nmn. then thirteen > tar* old. 
aad lo«erd* tlw raia in the midat nf a hentjr •nii««t«<rm Ihe hoy hecnmo 
arpantfed frvm hi* felher lie wft« rm|4iired (tml l>nm(tit h«' k to Rnkehnra 
Herv the heen iT Kly«»««KWl*« it#f>-nH4)ier wa* mn«e<l«lih pltf at the ■Cgbl ef 
*ak»y ohnelia thnaghl rmrHiMoft her own dead child, nhe pl<^«^ iHat hie 
Ma eilffW he >f«rrd : and. ihmiph Klyomorl had deolrad to f>te-an|nitia tba 





46 

iHnamoto fainSly. he «> far yl«ldc4 to ber entreattet tliAt In place of death he 
waa exiled u> the distant provlnoe of Isa, Yoahltooto, who had nuule hit way to 
the province of Owarl, waa there treacheroualy daln. 

. The TUim family wai now at the height of Its power. Klyomorl wae ultimately 
made the Chief MlnlHter of btate. Thf dty of KySto and Indeed all Japan wai 
•abject to hia control. Even Lmperonwere enthroned and depOMdat blawlll. 
He caused cne boy wlien two yean old to be made Empennr, caily to be removed at 
the age of live. Men liated and doMiHaod htiu ; yut none dared openly to M|icak 
agalmct bis arrogant conduct. Itcaliniliig tliu uIMuh of Cltluf Minister bo became a 
Buddlilst monk ; but he continued lils rosidetioe at Itokubara wlience lie nuuiaged 
analrs of state in the same way aa before. 

At last the boy whom he had bonlslied to Ixu, having attained manhood, rose to 
avenge the wrongs of his family. The Talra were utterly defeoted and the 
politlcar power came Into the hands of the Minamolo clan. Yorttonio, however. 
Instead of residing in Kyoto, as had been the case with others admlnii^terlng the 
government, built for himself a new ca)>ital in Kamokuro where, under tlie title 
of 8ei-^ Tai SlMgun (Barbarian-subjugating groat General j, he assumed a position 
not unlike tliat of a second emperor. This was the origin of ihnt peculiar dual 
system of guvenimeiit which long perplexed foreigners and which led to the tint 
treaties wUIj foreign nations being mode nul by tiie real Kmpuror but by out 
who had no autliority for forn'ifng such aillanres. 

After Yoritomo fli^d bis capital in Koinakiira, he was ropreciouted 
in Kyoto by an oifioar who was called the Shuyo or Protector of Kyoto. 
After Yoritomo'a deatli tlie power of liio sucoessors in office was 
re-deleeated to regents who for the first one hundred and fifty years 
were from the Hojo tamily. Kyoto was then under the administra- 
tion of two Ihndai; one residing in Nortli and the other in South 
Bokulisra. Tliey also served as guardians of tlie Imperial Palace. 
Tlie people of the city now enjoyed a long season of tranquihty. 

In the beginning of the lltii century when Ashikaga Takauji do- 
stroyed the two Bokuliaras, and when the loyal Kusunoki liasashige 
fought at tlie temple Toji, Kyoto again became a scene of blooil-shod 
and oonllagration. Many of the mobi costly buildings wore bnnuxL 
The most terrible scenes were enacted. It is said tliat tlie ground 
about Ky5to became like the Uood-pits of an execution ground. 

• 

£ktmmoH ifoMukige, The Kusunoki family waa a branch of the Tncliibana 
which was founded by a groat-gxandmn of tlie Emperor Uidatsu. In August, 
1331, when the F.mperor Godalgo carrying the royal insignia— the Mirror, the 
Sword, and the Jewel— fed from bi« enemies to Mt Kawgl in tite province of 
Yamato, the whole country « as in a state of confusion and anarchy. IIo jo TKka- 
tokl waa on the point of sending a large force to take poftseiAion of the IVilace in 
Kyoto. The Lmperor commanded a prie^it named Kwniv'on to go about the 
country seeking for trustworthy men who w ould come to his aid. The messenger 
reported that in tlie province of Kawachi the Kusunoki family was unshaken in 
Its loyalty. A summons w as tlieref ore sent to MaaaKhitre wlio w as its head. Moved 
witli sorrow at the misernblo condition of the Kmperor, bo replied to the messen- 
ger, "lliou'fh the HoJo warrlora may be strong and conrnKoons, tliey are lacking 
In military skill. lam ready to sacrifice myself for my Kmperor. Tell him 
that so long as life remains in the fragile body of Kusunoki Mawahige, no liarm 
shall come to His Majesty." 

He at onoe fortlfled Idmself In the castle of Akasaka, having only Ave hqndf ed 



I'. 

wttti Urn. AcnlfMl Mm mUf • forw vlitdi wm Mlimftted at «MMm«n. 
'rtm m cwrtftln mt Ttelnrjr thai tH«7 bardly tHopptd to pat on tlwlr armor 
Wf f* imli lna Into tlw Hiftl^. Pnmr of nM> anldlprt vlwm MamiMfo bad irfarad 
la «tnb«4i tmrprlmmA tlw enemy and Irtllfd laryv mtmbrra. The foe now divMrd 
laiM twA imwii mw la icHI the m<>fi Hi ambuah and the nih«r to altaek tbtf oamle. 
Bjr r mrt i ar ImI vater cm tha aamllanC* and other devfcea tha beleavnarad band 
hrM • Y their enemlea who at laat. fearlmr to appmach the caatle. withdrew tn a 
Hnie dManr*. and by cattHir oT tha Mipply of prorlidana attemfMed to forra 
Man»4ilf» to Mtrevider. Ha. howaver. tet lira to the eaatia and wltiidraw to Mt. 
KenfA. Tha anemy. w iiy io ln ^ Mm dead, now tamed their atlantian to tha Rrn- 
prtnr whom they aiplnrad and hanMhai to the leland of Okt 

la ttn, a farea of na,flM aaMlera wa* nant agalraiC Mt. KnnfA. MaaaMfa^ 
f aof M apUnaltham meflKtlvaly that It la mid twelve men who ware 
»rad m w rite down tha namaa of the dead and woimdad rrqatrad three daya 
three Mftda for the eoaiplatfcm of f heir taak. Once In the midat of a danae fog 
I milled forth at day-break and co mm anoad flffhtlnc. Havinf 
alt«a<«ad the enemy ta tha cnaUa. they withdraw tnelde the wall% wMla Im- 
harlad open the crowded mnka of the fhe who were ombla. 
mill, to ftad a way of eeoape from the terrible arafaUMli that 




I H, whn wa« now aent from Kamakma to eondort tha eampalcn, 
ft reached the anme (*f ennfltet than Ke derlarrd for tha Imperial eaoaa, 
d«»f rated the llojrt trvf« In Kyoto, and dretmyed llokuhanu 

y hla Yoiblaada. a poo erf of noble In one of the eaatcni |«n>vtneea,aleo joined tha 
rsyaJtile and demolHhod Kamakiira. The Reirent Takatokt betnc thoe defeated, 
he oamnltlod imtclde and ao bmuf ht to an end the rule of the llojo. The exiled 
Kntperor now reiamed lo hla ra|>ltal. 

Two year* later It «a* rtereamry to lend trmpii tn Qte eoirtem province* 
^Rlfwt \«hlk«c» Takanll whu Irvt r^ht^lled. M:\m<«hUe and Kewa Navatouhl 
ren<«iiw^ m fiaird tho rapttal. Takaujl. Iwivlna »lefrntfd th«- Imperial I mnp« 
ari^nrhed Kyrtfrv |ln oa* rlrtnritinm In a l«itllf« rnn«hf at Yamamkl, and tl» 
Kifif^rfir itakl tn the temple* nn Mt. II let whIUier Mam*1il<r. whn Iwvl hern luanl 
Ing one of the outpfMia. elm 1tfiiitene«l. Vhn enemy w tilMitit delay attacked thi 
■wiMaln vhrrr a flerr« btit 1iMlcri«lT«> brittle wa* fmijIiL Tlie next dajr Mam- 
ihW* »nd hl« fnllAirer^, with the rxrepttnn of a few niimkeand a otldlrr whi>m 
he left hrhtrwl. nmrNUed them«elveii In the f«>re«u. When the enemy relumed 
Inthr etatrk they foondthewldlnr wlio vm weeptnf bitterly. In reply to their 
f«e<.««M hr mH. "My me<er, Mamnhlve. !«iy1 «even ottier funemU fell In yeater- 
dat'% heiil*. 1 etn lor>ktna f<>r t1>elr tnll(«4 In nnlrr tnflvr tlM>m hnvtnrmldr 
tmrial.' Takaajl weer'«*otly elated nt thU tntrllUenre and flndlnff among the 
ilalti Uv«e ohnm he tlimifht tn be Mamnhlce and YaBhimia. l*r cnt nff the 
head* and vipnaed »hem tn puMIr «!•». That ntf ht Mamablge ordered eeme of 
hl« aeldler* tu take llffhti<d tnrche* and In go » Ma ward on the rooimtAln. Takau|l. 
aH>tr« the llrhta fmm a dlaianre and ■«i| losing tliat th^y were carried by aome 
eg the enrvtring Imperial anldlere wbn were tryttta to evmpe. aont tmnfw te 
r«r«i«e them. N«ar day brrek Memnblge deerended tn Ky^to fmm bla plaee of 
ilment. and attacked the »nr my »bn were taken an compl*tely by cntpetee 
m the ronfoalan thry fooght agalnel aarh other. More than half of their 
aeMtere were alabi. 

Maaaahtge now wtahcd lop*imie Titkiittjl wlm rted In Kjn«l*fl. t>u1 Y<Mhlmda^ 
gllateelfiem pvevrttCod the rarrylnv nnt of thU de«lre. lakanji. rmldng In 
■ ywihfk a large forre of vntdler*, ha«lened th«>m fnrwerrl hy Knd and »ea When 
laaelllgenee of thN new mnevment fvorlwid KyfHn there vm the greateril ranfw* 
el«i beCh In the Palare aMi am«w thr f«iH5«lo of the rtty Aa the Km^^mr nailed 
aai Maaaahtge fee eld In raetallnf th^ rft«»my. tb^ lo)al r^neral rrpl**^- ** till* new 
army of lakaajl wonid dnutalew b« ln« |iiHbl«» In nf«en '^nnftlrt The nnl j thing 
thai ran now be done le lor your Majraly to remove in Mt lllel where \> 
will g«Md yea fmm year feaa Year homble oobject Mmiaehlgo will 



■m rnn bnli Mat.' 




■I mildiL 



.. - . . ..ijr I'Mlar^ laynKir ts Uw KDnnrDt In Huliwil by Uiy 
L TlWMrti (nly anlimli nuii of Ux KiBUDaM (ninllT iliMliI rg- 
ttn «llr». 111 Mta hIiwhIIhii Uu cuUaon Nt- Knnininil UkmIkMiii Mtlot 
Uinontry. MnuilDi an fin ■naUc pltuurr u iby rittwra ivlrlt Oauilo 
kMw tlBl Ua m (Ollswi tbw*. bl* lullnMruc4la.li." 

ilnr whteta IJowi bMvetii Kflbv ■ml llriiiu ' Whila be wu rinliUiig I'btr- 
■alM Om amy at Anliltau Twliiynrtii. Ux Isr^ ■rmj' ar TskmiJI minii bv m 
to W>diiPiilni,iind« ilouM Hwihlin ttam iIh iw. TIh bnn Indian 
■HwmliliNriKunoa. WxtoanUnHiba iT»*nninil l<>i<^-i»' — * — 
UUMIbin nmitlnail (lln but VTEinr-UirH or hU ■^fian. 
ytuint'B bomH Mwivdiln took all hi* ■riwir. Ihu nirallni 19 hu mionainu 
itana d»B wgunU vUch ha bad nalrad In Iha haUla, Kb lald la bin brothai, 
Mif-nn. "If irn itiirlih T— ilair ■rbalbofM bava wa lui tba fiilBnT" Maaiiin 
lBiubln(lTnn)l(aa..''Waiihall bcra-buni nlMvcn Uuuii nxm aimtii. and In 
ttw and >1iall&iablrta dawn oar FMnr.'' KrwUln alxi lauiHiad and iboa, 
toacAirlliattlii]'ml(M not Ml tnn Uh kandi of iba inauiy, ibtaobnthan 
tlwuXaadiBlliar Ibiwqb vllblbair ■WDiil*. Hucb wan Iha end of tU* bnva. 
wlaa.Bnd ioytt MaBiUil(a who baa ■rrtMnu b«n reaaidiidaa Qw Urxil or ■ 

Kyoto Enffiiral greatly frnm the battles of which it had haaa tliQ 
tOBOB dniiDg tlwn tronblooi Umei. Sliimlum, wliioh had been Uia 
^UBBt put of tha dty, was naw ■ dasarted field from witioli tba 
mUmm ftud other oortly ediOoei lud entiisly duftppoued. Tl« 
viotorioni 'I»)nnfi now oliow Uuroiauhi Btiuet u ilia plius Iroia 
illddi to ftliniuivlec tho govemmeut, »ud hare tUa miwt of hia 
offlean bnilt tliefr iMiibuew. YoaliiimUu (Ultd— 1JD3), tl« tUinl 
9t Uw Aaliikt^ Bk^na, did much to emballiah Muromulii aud 
ithai putt of the oi^ wnioh, bowerar. did not attain to a ytoapKi^ 
wnnuaUs witb that of tb« old capita). 

Ate (till latv pmiod, in Uie van of Meitokn and {fjin, the dty 
ma lednoad to a ttata trf daiolation and min. The palaaea, maiqr of 
iiitt laigNt tamplaa, the manfiona of Ute noblei, aol tbe bouaei of 
the oommon people were bonwd. Bsoorda of anoient timaa and 
intalnaUe woriu of art vera deatioyad. 

»■ mr q^ VH^ Ttai canaa of lb« oonnieta occBirlni duilnf tin AilitkaM 
narlcd an EDnipKcatad. and Htm of Oh UJIn War are perhaia the innM dlU- 
nil of all to undantanl. Amoiii Ibem, baTavar, anwLal maniliin may bi 
Badaoflhr**. IH. Honkawa Kabuinoin,BaoflcUI conntcud with ibi lObfB- 
naMiharliiiiloiuibaan iblldlaa, adojilad ai Ida hili iha aoa at Tamam BoirD. 
Anarwa^TWflnK ^ an of blaawn whom b* wMwd to main hali. ba nu* 
pallad Iha adovud ohUd to baosma a BoUhlii uunlc. By Itata aol ba matlr 
■mnnd afcan. tnd. In a rimlfait way Uw sQlnn Toatalmaaa bwl adinUd bla 
braibar Yuhtnil: bat balni darinwa ot nuUsa bli own ■». •nhMqiHudj bora, 
U* heir, ha aak«l th* aid of SSkd to thia imd. HSm boplni ibat ba mlibt 
nrlutnot at Kauomoio, aladlr uawd. 



40 

I •»«• T«iMlBM. iMk of thmm dtipntenli, as «n aM tn Ow •cooin|4Mim«nt 

ii>4<»l n » allM hlmmir with elUwr Snsvnor KAtmiRK^ik Durini Apr.l of 

nntjrvaroT tha Ojln perlol i1lt:|, Riitaiim«jto oolle.l«d Inthr pnttncm of 

fWwtai. !>•«. and Nuiraiil an army of 1 n.o «* mm*. Thit panHt of Kjr«mt^ 

•t fW «Hw««rli nf |1«I« nmijr. tkvateti* J to limvo tiio diy. iMlavn aim 

ft forcv mf |«vma> men. TIm Kb6 run YiM'.ifiiM« NMit U> boib aldM hlii 

Y«i4Minl In • v»ta •tlt'n|< In tf frri « rooo i ilfjit.on. 

n#of M» vnwnil^ to nMm thoiOidnm** abolaand to fortify It 
fmvf drowm %w^ this iiiainl a «1 catlone 1 tha hmIvm in iia ptero. 
TWm vao ihm WiltHtln« of a wiioa of biula* In wliljh Katauntolo^ • d« waa 
lly 4r:raia4. In Jmmt «l the aamo yrar. RaUMin<r.o tnada .<<li<kko.caJt, a lar/t 
umpim fioar the prnvnt alia of Itiv OA<t.iU:« fnlvvrMty. tal* ImbmI- 
It was a-kipecir^ ttwtmna an* k«.)l tha \V«4«ni Army, a« t'.Mit of 
«a« (silvd brc»i»^ It waa oiKstniird on lite wrr. aide of Mnronmchl . In- 
tmwtmd «K sll tlw aacrrt |4ami nf Dm Etatern Army. anJ thai thia waa the cauaa 
•0 t^i0m% vl U Bi ii a. Katvamoto amt away f mm hlaiilde aeTrral venrimla who 
ha4 fallen wndor bla mtn lAan, and all or tiMHn olUmalely » ent over lo tlio 
Wiii em Army Af ;or thie hattlee wore of da<ly ucc«trrvn«'<i. Ja|mncaa hMn.| ma 
my Hmt ihv vtreeta of the ca|».lal wera filled wttli mnuntaina of tlio nia.n and 
Ma widi rlveTM of Mood. Ihooxh 06*011 and KaUeiintdu ImUi diod m t4J9t 
tkm war 4111 oMtlnoNL nnr d.d It o aat until 14;;, »h n hy oomnnm am^A-m ni 
Wdli arwko w enr dMauid%<d aial the oiaAwt tlrnt IomI my d fur rlovcii /. ara ai 
lait mmeinan ml. It waapjrlnpi tbj moal foialialiand axp,9nalva war tlaU 
Mf m m hattrtrt wRfwmjd. ^ 

Dnniii; aiid after ilie (Ijin period tli« Emperoni Uieinr«l\6t nert 
anl^eclcd to gr««i liAiiUlii)ia The Ucic of )e\euuaft p«\eutAl tlie 
o)tfvt»au« of tltc nftiial cY*icrtioiiiaU. Oiie Rinpeior was oUi(,ed to 
drprtkl itp«)n tlie good-will of a nr>l>|(>iiuiii for t.ie iiejemiiieA of IJe. 
Hie l«K|y of anoilier Uy for M\enil davp uu^Miricxl ei« a »nin e|nal to 
I.J1U1I )fra conkl te eoDeiHed i*n the f utM*ral rK|ieiiMea. The coruiuiion 
rrr«»ffnoirr waff not performed in one cnne nniil the Kmparor hml 
bwti T^piiiig tweui.-two year*, aial it wax tlieii made poanible oul/ 
hj a omitribiitioii from the AhUit of Hoit(;wiiiM. 

In Uie U'^nniiii; of the yefir 1;,.M, riaii m Xft^ier oomiiig to 

K)'iio foiiikl tlie city in a»tite of tiiimoil. Ho wiotn an follow^: — 

*WWn ••arTl«t«l at M n«»» T1»^ < aHtal wr wnl««l •»»•»»- iia»« ttiat »r niIhIiI 
«Mo*n lr««r tn an'*'<k<h tin* klti^. nikl a^k of him tn vtv** «•« larml^inii to 
t«tMMi th* <ll«*t«e la« In liU k|n?tlmit; Imt wi- fomid nil wntsnf ii(xr-« tn him 
•ItMf^fHef rUmrfl, ami. ■» »r tl1«i«M rrrft t1«1 (h • dli-t« t>r tU KUtg « 1 r. irr«i> mllr 
Owmrlrt linl>< of amoiic thr f>rli»r»« and rMlrr>. « <- lahl a^i<ie niir drwlpn iif 
v'l^al •ir»t frmn him an? anrh IhrtHe simI I d trrniltierl to mitttid th niltwle and 
4t«fKMlttnn« of thr |t o|il«> t}ieti<erl vrw, *• a* ti> fli*d irfit itow i1IM"*^I *lMt r«1x « a« 
to r«r«i«# thr «nr>hlp *ff ( httM .\p. >»n«» r% or. ilir pn^Oe • rn* mtiirr arm*, a"»d 
••eWr tlav rrr«*«irr >i4 n arvrre « ar i J«Klireil ilut Vte ti<ue « a« uwm* lidif^airtiifte 
f«r llw |i««m< h|««e «•/ the (.«»i|irl. Mra-*' »a« fotiiii-rl v a « rr« Innr. t|t« iMitnnw, 
«M o«r>«(ti« 0/ t(ir> |ieT|ien*nl la'aiHltlm it liit'* mwlrrirniM' In « ar. Iv l« a rTv«t 
lairt n> r<iln« and • a^e- At one time. a« lliet an^. It it«i*ati*«<l niir huiMfrnl a'd 
9*t%0f tl — awd do elllnra. It ••««««• to me «frv l|Lrl> tleit It « ae Mt, tm tlia 
wall «IH«I« e«v-lrrlr<» It ahoe* tleit t1>e rlljr wa" ' rr « • itett^l * » Irotf d. Now 
alth»i«ili a grma |«rt of It le tn ru.iw. It )c« lotHnliM moce tlaui a hwndred 



Naar Um eiul of t1i« AAlitkapt |ierioil two nohlea named Matnniupt 
HtaAlii(b anil Miynahi Yc«hitHngti ait«cked tlie Bht>fnin Vtwb.i^m 
in Ni>> r»Uu3e aial killed him. 'Dmkwam m li'Hi'i. Tlie cottiitry 
had leen in a dinturl«<l miiiLtton, iirtlliei the im|te)ial(Vileia nnr ilia 
eoaunatali of Uia B^tugnn Isntg eiToJii^a m ilia tnidki of tiia 



60 

pevailing aiuKrohy. It ^vab at this time that Oda Nolmiiaga^a 
powerful noUe in the province of Owari, having already sulidaed tne 
neigliboring feudal lords, at last took possession of Kyoto wliere lie 
bnilt the castle of Nijo. He governed tlie city tlirongh an officer 
called Shokkidai, Then, afrer long years of war, the people of 
Kyoto once more enjoyed a period of peace whidi, however, was not of 
long duration. Mobunaga was slain by his own vassal, Akedii, who in 
tarn was killed by Toyotomi Hid^oslii, auotlier of Nobuuaga's 
retainers who now succeeded to his power. 

Hideyoshi was one of the most remaricable men that Japan has 
ever produced. He did mnoli to develop tlie resources of the country 
and strengthen tlie power of the Emperor. He greatly improved the 
laws of the oonntiy. The division of the land which he made in 
reyisix^ the metliod of taxation has remained until tlie present day. 
The invasion of Gorea and the persecution of tlie Roman Gatholio 
CAuristians were among other events tliat made his administiation 
memorable. He was also noted for his extensive building operations. 
Maziy of the great castles like that of Osaka were built at this time. 
Kyoto was greatly improved by the works he inaugurated. Among 
other buildings lie erected the Juxaku ^lace which, with its garden, 
is said to have been of indescribable magnificence. It extended from 
Qmiya Street on the east to Sembon Street on the west^ while in the 
other direction it filled the space between Ichijo and Nijo. As the 
lines showing the boundaries of tlie city had become entirely obUter. 
ated, Hideyoshi caused them to be again maiked by embankments 
planted with bamboos. Parts of tliis construction may still be seen 
north and west of the city. 

Since tliat time the city has often fallen prey to dostnictive eon- 
flagrations, tlie Palace liaving been destroyed by fire no loss tliau six 
times. Notwithstanding many minor changes Uie general features 
of tlie city ha>'e remained the same. Under lyeyasn, Hideyoshi's 
■uocessor, tlie Nijo Castle was rebuilt. During the Tokugawa dynasty, 
founded by ly^yasu, the city sliared for three hundred years in the 
peace that prevailed tliroughout tlia countiy. 

The signal for the cessation in Kyoto of this time of tranquility 
was given at two o'clock on the morning of Sept 30, 1863, when the 
people living in the vicinity of the Palace were startled by the firing 
of a cannon near one of the gates. When in the morning it was 
found that the nine gates about the outer wall of the Palace had been 
dosed so that no penon was allowed to pass through what had before 
been common thoroughfares, all sorts of rumors spread among the 
people. The excitement was increased as tliey saw men huiiying 
about on horseback, or dragging field-piecee along the roads, or 



si 

tluwigti Um tIrattiwHh gmM in their bmdfi. When 
the iow w p e o p l e nw thM tiie wives of ilie oilloiels were beii^ 
■mH io Uie netghborine village*, ilioy tltomMltee be^Mi to piepere 
(or flight 

For months faeforo Kyoto liml 1«eii a neetio of tin wonted aotiTity. 
The qitpctione arieing ont of opening the oonntry to foreign 
lal«wmr«e and from fp^nring oppoeition to the Shogima had 
led many of tlie fendal lonle io oome up to Kyota Tlie etreets liad 
Isen cr o wde d fcgr their followere. Men*s minds were on the aleii| 
wondsring what was aboni io liappen. It was snspested that tlie 
Choshiii elan had eoneeiTed a plot for taking posJiession of the 
person of the Emperor, thns holding tlie goTemment and oansing 
any who o ppii ee d tliem to be eonsideied aa rebels. Tlie firing of the 
cannon aoled aa a signal to snmmon the men belonging to Uie Aim 
dan toiler with oUieni who sided witli tliom agaiaH Choehin. 
For a wlitle the ontlireak of lioetilies between tlie two paities seemed 
imminent ; bnt finally tlie Choshin leadsts obeyed the orders tliat 
wsie issued for witlidniwal from tlie city, and the conflict was posi- 
prmed until tlie 3 Hh of Aui;t]tt in the neit year. On tliat day three 
nnndrfd Oioshin nM*n who lisd been pnosmped at Stgm, a little west 
of \}w ritr, sdranond along Naksdachinn 8t towanlii the palace. 
Bntne of tlie flliognn'R troops wlio were marching np Mnromaehi 
now entTTwl tlie same street. Hie Clionliin men keeping on tlie 
norili iiMie of Uie mad alloweil the oiliem to pass tliem. Tlie latter 
on learliing ilie front of NAks«liirliiiiri (Uie ttirned and having erected 
some lAmhoo mantlets began to fiie tlieir gtins at tlie Clioshin 
soldiers who wers at first thrown into disonler. Tlie leader soon 
ralliad for an sitadi npon their susailsnts who were soon fleeing in 
all directions. Other diviitions of tlie Clioshin men hsd oome by 
diUneni rr«dii inward tlie palace, while Aim atnl Bitsums troops 
«fie takj ng part i n ilie ronflici sgai nKt iliem wliidi st fn«t centered about 
ilte Naksdachiiiri, HaiiiA^^uri, Sliimodschiiiri, and Hakaimadii Gales 
in tlie soailLwrsiem part of wliat in now ilie Imperisl Park. Tlie 
Clioshia men wne finally put to flight. Dnring these hostilities 
fbe was «ct to nereml bni (dings for the sake of dislodRtn;; enemies 
and tlie oonflagmtion spiead through Hi 1 stieeis ; bnraing 37,000 
houses, 60 shrines, and llfi BudilliiKt temples. 

Maf*7 |«a«w<* <*** Hvlnf tell In vl«M Uncitafv ^ tl>« Mflit mi»«<nt «mnnf th« 
I* « hn biwf an )nng )i»#n arnifllrtmerf only to p'm'V ' Xtr r) r-» lti»««« thoa 

•44W rir*i1 till th* Kdllfta ffll «• thirk im mln Hmpn, iin<1 th» arMart 
«»rb mhrr Itvikwl Itkf a \tMit^ nf hMnil«v«-ffnwvi • • • ^i4>l*^l7 %hm 
W»v««M and fmrth Mhnnk Mnd irrmhlnl. antf t)i» tvolw «»• Imid rvtraifh In bttrrt In 
•■•> «Ank. sml knock 4ov ■ tiM wtn<So»-«l|<l«« »nrf <l«v>r«. At ihm Mm* immb«mI 



6a 

blMk ttmokft aioie ffom two plftoet on iba toatb-aa^ rlcbt to tb« clouds, darken- 
ing tha heavens, mid flaroe flames roM up, aa If the wlwle unlvene were on 
fire : the battle crleM of tlie combntanVi aitd tlie luinentntloiw and crlt* o.** the 
towniqieaple were inhitclei tojetlter, atid re^eo^ioel In the ralleye. On lMnln« 
forth Into the Mtreet, t found peorila of all claaa a. a'jej, and of both iiexcH. iu a 
fearful atate of frUht. They were carry Uix off tlioir vmloun prop.rty, niul run- 
ning about wildly to all points of tbj coiniiaiw. llie tmldlery. too, bmndUiliIni; 
swurdiiaiid apeam, nwlied bitner and tlUtlier witliout o oiiliiK' ** 'lliero 
were lielinela ana cuinuMee tliat bad been cast away by tlielr uwiien* niul Hfienrtf, 
pikee, bows, muakets, and military equlputenta of all kinds were lyinji about In 
quantities. Home of tlie tuwimpeople luul fled, throwing down tlielr prnp^rty !n 
tlie street on tlie way- Lyin-j proitrate here and thtiru weru men wlio ibid failvn 
down wounded, and tbe ruads wore full of lieudless oori>«t«. It was a sight 
revolting to tlie ««yes. ttteellng myself to these thlnja, t passed through, and with 
great dlMculty at last escaiied from tbe town. \UenJl Yuiue Muwgaiarl, tnuw- 
Iat«:dby K.6atow). 

On the removal of Uie cajiital to Tolcyo in 1 30 ), tbe afbin of the 
olty \vero governed by tlie Kyoto ootui. In IJVl femUlism was 
abolbibed iu Ja|iau. Kyoto and its Bub-irlis, togotUor with thu 
provinoe of Tango and a ^lai-t of tlie proviuje of TaiuUv, being uultei 
in Kyoto Fn or Pxefejtiu«. At the game time the city was divided 
into Upper Kyo and Lower Kyo ; the former being sublividdi into 
33, and tlie latter into ii2 ku. Over each of these smaller divisions 
weie placed olfioers called Kutho and Wico-tCttcho; who in turn were 
under the supervision of So-Kuoho (or Kuclio Oenei^l) and assistant 
ofliaera. By a Uter arrangement the foimcr ku weie called kumi^ or 
associations; while over eadi of Uie Kyos was placed an olUcer 
colled Kaoho who was assisted by a number of oleiJcs. 

In ld66 the city, in acoordauce with a new law for tlie oiigani^catiou 
of mnnicipaUties, become o self-goveruing coiporotion, whose 
administration was vested in o City Council consisting of the Mayor, 
Assistant Mayor, ond nine Councilors. 13y o s^ieuial ordiiianco, tlie 
office of Mayor is for the pivseut held by Uie Govei-nor ; and tliot of 
Assistant Mayor, by the Saoretaiy of the Piefejtare. The City 
Assembly consists of 42 membars ; one half of tliem being chosen by 
Upper, oud one half by Lower Kyo. 

The lemovol of the capital robbed the city of much of its former 
grandeur; but its notoroi attractions, its ancient temples, ond 
tbe oa-tistic skill of its inliobitants lemaiu, making Kyoto o 
city full of inteiest^ not only to tlie people of the land of which it 
WOB once the political, literaiy, and oiiistic center, but also to in. 
creasing numbers from foreign lands who oie attracted thither by its 
fame. 



THE 
FOURTH NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL 

EXHIBITION. 



In ih* fl of niiKnt onlinMioe of IHI tiutt proirtded for the hold- 
iof of NAiional Eiliibitiont in orIbt to enoonrage tlw dffvelopawiii 
of AfsricnHnm, nin, ftnd oommatsB^ it wan esplidtly italed that tliMe 
nboald be lield in difhrant paiia of tlie Empim. Aoomdingly the 
citj of Kyoto a few jean Miioe petitioned tliat Uie fototli of tliew 
Eihibitinne might be lield there in connection with the elef«D 
hnndrMtli anniiwij of the fonnding of tlie city. Tlie piu pi i etiy 
of meh a m|iiefd wtm f«y eritlent, enpecUlly aa l^oto had for moee 
than ten centariee been the capital of the Empife and ia etill the 
bocae of ait indartriee ; to aay nothing of its eiteniive tmde and the 
impnttant agricaltinal intereeta in tlie prafeotiue of wliidi it la the 
cmter. Aoocidingly the petition met tlie approval of Uie Oot«iv> 
mrnt and a laige majrvity of tlie memben of tlie Imperial Diet. 

T1m> ftnrt tlin« Kzhibitioni«, hekl in H77, lH4l, and 1800, wero 
•11 in Tokyo. Eadi mooeeding one lias iiliown marked advance over 
iti prfkleoeiwor, botli in manaf^mriit ami in tlie qnality of tlie 
ariirlen exliihited ; ko there in gtxid i^akoii to b(*lie%e that tlie f onrth 
FtlnUtion soon to le openml in tli^ oil capitil, (or («iitime<« the 
wat of fine aita and nucftil iultintriofi, rirli in liintorio amoHationa 
aikl notr^l ptaren, tmrrotindevl liy ik* nmnyHonriAlitng cttim anil towna, 
will attain evmi greatf*r fnircnt!* than Ium Uvn rpalii^l hitlierto. 

Tlip mle c4io«i«»n for ilt^ KiliiUtion in OkaxAkt^clhi in tlw^ north. 
Mi»t<nn |w%rt of tlu* r.ty, a «wtion of Kyoto tliAt wa« ytny tlotiriidiing 
in Um rptf^Mi of the Km|ierorii Hliirakawn ami Tol*. Thin Iwaiitifnl 
planp with itn view* of Hic>i, Ata^o, ami tlio "Tliiity^iii peaks of 
llpifclii>ama** ita fitting location (or Midi a it)em<trahl^ nm&niaktng. 
Tli^ n^w Hiwa f^aiMl that llowii Irfore the groumln greitly adiln to 
tlie bnaaty and advantagea o( tlM> nit'*. 

TImp ponmln (or Um* n«« o( tlio Kxlitbition have an arna o( 5 \3 K) 
i0mi0y ,abo«it 42^1 *<3^*')t "*> wlitdi am (vsHmI tlie (ollowing 
hmkling* : — 

Imlfwtrial HoiUii^ (Kof^ilkwan^ 4,2 H) tfmbo. 

Marhiiv^ *' (Kikaikwitii^ (HK) 

AgrictiHftral A Forentry nuiMing (NorinkwaiP 1,41U 

Ifanne iVodacU Buildup (Aniffan-kwan^ 5t0 ** 

Afoahom (Buitidiiukwan) •••• 95 ** 



M 

M 



64 



(Bijiitsvukwan)* • 
(DobutsuJiwan) 
(Shikijo) 



II 



408 
600 
SGO " 



ii 



ii 



Fine Arts Building 
UyBkook « 
Ceramonial " 

Total 8,483 

Other attached bnildinga suoh as post and telegraph offices, etc 
ocoapy an additional aiea of 1,053^ ttubo, 

Tlie Canal is ororaed fay seveml bridges. That before ilie main 
gate is called Sliomen-bashi; the oneto the east, Hiromiohi-baelii ; and 
the middle one on the west side, Nijo-bashi. On crossing 
Sliomen-faashi, tliere is leaolied an extensive plot of ground 
tliat is tastefully adorned with a fountain and a large number 
of trees. Part of tlie ground along the banks of tlie canal 
is ooonpied with shops for tlie sale of difSerent kinds of goods. 

Tlie main eutianco is a Urgo axdi-way between two towers. The 
Industrial Building of whidi this foims a part is a series of long 
corridors fonning a hollow square, and enclosing a spacious court 
which is beautifully laid out after the style of Japanese laud- 
scape gaideuing. The rectangle fonned fay the building is 660 ft. 
from east to west, and 46d ft from north to soutli. Witliin tlie 
building are exhibited specimens of Japanese industrial ^irodnuts. 

Mortli of tliis building, and connected with it ly a central ardi- 
way opposite the main entrance and also fay two other passages, is a 
long range of buildings, Tliat which lies west of the arcli-vray is the 
Agricultural and Forastiy Building; while the one on the ea&t is tlie 
Madiincry Building, where engines, mAcliinoiy, and other inedianical 
contrivances are exliibited. East of this last building aud connouted 
with it by a coiridur is the Msrine Products Building with an 
octagonal Aquarium on tlie soutli. 

Nortli of ilie Marine Products Building is anotlier extensive court, 
having a fountain in tlie center and two pavilions for musical per- 
formanoes. The large building on tlie noiUi of the fountain is the 
Fine Ajts Building. Tlie smaller building south-east of this is the 
Ceremonial Hall where are to be held various exercises connected 
with tlie Exhibition. 

The buildings of peculiar architecture on tlie nortli-west are tlie 
shrine of the Emperor Kwammu and the Memoiial Building erected 
in honor of tlie eleven hundredth anniversaiy of the founding of 
Kyoto. 

A group of buildings quite distinct from the others is east of the 
Industilal Building. Two of them are for live stock, and tliere is a 
house for those luiving the care of Uie horses and cattle. A building 



Uirt ilMdR MwMn that Md IIm Iidortrka Baflding liM biMiMsM 
l7«li0Ofa9«nftIVifMfimforfti9MiAltihiUli<Aofite|«odiMl^ Th* 
vid* ifMi Mmto lliii and Iht Aqiaviiiiii itoeon|iM hf AaaJioimi 
Mii rai4iinruilK. Amoond, tnelotri Igr • pidvi-feiies, nav tht 
Inliirtriftl Boildinf i» irli«« tht moottar dinl bgr ToriiiM* (Bm 
< lf g i |iUnn of ToMnJn) In mlA to luive l«en tnried. 

Tlie eliMfr of liiiildii«R oppodle Ni^ Bridge indadM tlM BihiU- 
tioa olHcM ftod wiooi ottwr minor ■tiu o iui e a . The P(m4 and 
TtiWg«|4i Odto it ■! tlM Kratb-wMtenk pari of the ma i owt. 

Tlie HgnlAilooi fonidlon to tlio Riliibitioo araaii followi^— 

1. Tilt MldinfiilMll be opened from 8 o*elod( in tlie morning till 
ft o'olnok in the eftamooo. The lime, howerer maj be lengthened 
«r riiofltmd ee qJiwiiiwttiMtt raqatie; or, if ntct Mt iy, Tieiton 
mey le if*fnp«d edmitteiiaab 

1. R«frf vWtor rnnut be ]vmiilid witli e tieket, diikfaen m^tr 
S }fMf* of tgft tie empAed. 

.1. Tlie tiitnuioe tiakett tie of tliroo kiikVi. 

Bed tidttta nmd no Bnndeyp, lO am. 

WliHe " " " Batiinleyii. » " 

Hlne " " " otlier dayn, 6 " 

Tlw entrenoa tirJupU ahouM !« liAuM to ilie oflloan at the 
cntrmmv. 

4. InMno fv intoiiealoil ponmiM am nut admiiUyl ; ami if anoh 
frmikl ill tlio buitiUiig, tliaj aliall at onco 1« etflhalod. 



56 



THE CELEBRATION OF THE 

ELEVEN HUNDREDTH 

ANNIVERSARY OF 

THE FOUNDING 

OF KYOTO. 



Tliough the removal of ilie capital to Kyoto ooonrred in 794, the 
fonnal oocnpation of the Palace did not occur until 796. According 
to the Japanese method of reckoning, eleven hundred yean from tliat 
time would be 1895, and accordingly this date has been ohoeen for 
the commemoration of an event so wortliy of being celebrated by all 
loyal Japanese, but especially by tlie people of Kyoto who remember 
what their city owes to the far-sighted Emperor by whom it was 
founded. 

Tlie Kmperor Kwammn, witli his rare aUlity and genius for vast 
undertakings, inaugurated a new epodi in the histoxy of Ja]ian. Nnt- 
witliKlAiiding the energy and sagacity of hispredeoeBsorH, Uio countiy 
liad been in an uuKcttled condition. Tlie seat of govermnent hatl 
been so often dianged tliat institutions had been unable to take 
deep root and all the affairs of government were conducted on a com- • 
paiatively small scale. \Vlien however, the Emperor Kwammu 
pennanently established tlie capital in Kyoto, the breadth ot his 
plans wei-e shown by tlie magnifloeut palaces and other public build- 
ings that he erected. It is said tliat he removed from Naia because 
it was too narrow for what he had in mind. He also sent out 
his general, Tamura, to subjugato the Ainos in tlie eastern 
provinces, and thus permanently settled tlie boundaiies of tlie 
countiy. During his reign various institutions were firmly establish- 
ed, and a new era of peace and piosperity commenced. Tlius it may 
properly be said that the great work begun by tlie Emperor Jimmu 
was completed by tlie Emperor Kwammu. 

It is but natural that the people of Kyoto and the nation at loi-ge 
sliould desire to commeniomte the illustrious deeds of such a 
sovereign, and the founding of a city that for mora tliana thousand 
years was the capital of a continuous line of Emperors, a fact unique 
in Uie history of the world. Notliiug can be more appropriate than 
to recount tlie wonderful progress aud adiievements of Japan during 
this long period and to rejoice as a nation over the prosperity of the 
Imperial Household and of tlie whole countiy. Hence it was that 
tlie people of Kyoto wiili one voice proposed the observance of tliis 



•7 



■iifii^frMiy, wMh hading awn la all pivto of Um eonniiy luii« 
femHl an awooiatioB nndar tiia patronaf^e of HJ.H. rrinea Arim. 
pi«a Taniliilo for aUliig IIm iiiJMiaiBa. Mnoa Konoa baa baan 
ainmiiiliii! tha CSiainnaa, and Vlaeoaiit Bano Ilia YieaOiafannan; 
vliala ollian an failhfal^ awiag aa aaonlariaa, ooimailoffByalaL 



58 

Tho Kinen-den and Heian Jingf 

As a pennAnent monument of the Commemoratiou of the found- 
ing of Kyoto iliere Iiave been eiieoted tlie bnildines called Kinen-den, 
wliere tlie spirit of the Emperor Kwammn is to be enshrined nnder 
the name of Heian Jingo. The grounds in whidi iliey are erected 
are north of the Ezliibition Grounds and liave an area of 12} acres. 
The buildings include a Memorial Hall called Daigoku-den, eastern 
and western corridorB, two towers called Shoriu-ro and Biakko-ro, 
and a large gate called Oten-mon. With their red {ullai-s and green 
tiles they form a conspionous group that is in strflung contrast to 
the plain structures used for the Ezliibition. 

A brosd road running eastward from the north-western bridge of 
the Exhibition grounds separates them from those of the Memorial 
Buildings. Grossing tliis road from tlie Ezliibition, tlie first stmo- 
ture noticed is Uie imposing two-storied gate called 5ten-mon. 
Tliis gate can be seen while looking through tlie noi-tliem aroliway 
of ilie Industrial Building. It faces tlie south, is 60 fi long, 24 fi 
broad, and 64 ft. liigli. From both sides extend low eartli parapets 
planted witli small pine-trees. 

Passing tlirough a wide open space, the visitor readies Uie Biubi- 
dan, a platform 403 ft by 150 ft, and raised 2.4 ft from tlie 
surrounding ground. It can be ascended by four flights of stone 
steps, Uie two middle ones being eadi 57.4 ft. long, while tliose at tlie 
ends are eadi 44.8 ft long. Tlie edge of the platfoi-m between ilio 
steps is adorned with a rod lacquer railing having metal onuunoiits; 
similar railings being on ilie sides of the steps. 

The Memorial Hall, or Daigoku-den, is the central building that 
faces the south. It is 110 ft long, 40 ft deep, and 54 ft higli and 
stands on a platform 5 ft high which is ascended by Uiree flights of 
stone steps. The roof is supported by four rows of pillars. The 
front is entirely open, while the other sides are plastered white, with 
three doors on the nortli side, and one eadi on the east and west. 
Through tlie central door on the nortli there can be seen tlie 
Emperor Kwammu's slirine wliidi is in the rear. According to the 
custom of eleven centuries ago, the floor is paved with tiles. The 
two trees in front of Uie building and on the Biubi-dan are named, 
like tlie corresponding ones before the Sliishinden of tlie Imperial 
Palace, Sakon-no-ssknra, and Ukon-no-tadiibana. 

Attadied to tlie Memorial Hall are two corridors whidi extend to 
the east and west, and tlien turn southward, terminating in two 
towers, of which the eastern is called Shoriu-ro, and the western 



in 



BUd»ro. BMh it 169 f i kM«^ 13 f t wiite, SO} a high, tad 
OB a pkifflm t ft. hi|^ Th« Hrin iownam m of ptenliar 
tins ;lb«flmirAllo««rm|ipQfftiiigfonr minor onea. Tho hal^tof 
•wh onilnl tow it 46.7 a and of iho minor onaa 844 ft, idiila 
the Uipa ia Si.6 ft aqnara. 

Tha Mamorial Itaildiiv an In tlia ntyte of tha EaiTalni pviod, 
and iqawl no a pitta of tlia Maoa than araolad by tlia Enipirar 
Kvammo. AU mm mada of kMd wood and aihtbU tha followiiif 



1. Tlia iljrla ia nvy afanpla, baing witlioat oanrlngi or pielorial 



f. Tlwy aia oonpanliTa^ low and fira tha impraaidoB of 
•ialtlity. 

3. Tlia raHaia an allipiieal inataad of being reolangakr aa in 
other bnililingR. 

4. TIm nne of iMi (kite-tails) an terminali to tlie roof is paraliar, 
tlier liaving baeo aned only on Imperial Talaoea. Tliey aia mid to 
lia\^ \*^n nntftl in Cliinadnriiig the Ziii and '15 dynsf>tie«. Tliooa 
f»n tlw J>ai|*<ikiMlen aie of c«>ii|«r and gilded. 

'n»# wo<Ml-«cirk of all tlie biiiklingii is painietl ml with lead oiiile, 
«ltil^ th#> tilciion tlio roof H have a green glaae; so tliat tlie group 
pe-«*iit« a striking and picttinw^no appouanff«, wliie*i is t'le miwa 
nufkAl l«>eanNe of tlie contract with tlie nKMlciu styk) of hnihlinga 
mvrird f.ir the RihiUtion. Tli<*ir sp|ipsrsiioo in enhan«vd 1^ tlie 
%ttmm of ili^ wofsloil hills, aikl tlio if»inplt*s of the Tiriiiage wliieli 
i> H >>»m the airhitpcttiral ainl liistoriml diaiices tliat lia\e taken 
pla«» timw tlie cinstnirtinn of the oiigiiial Ihiignkn-iien. 

riintigli Uie Memorial BuiklingH aio iiit^nWl to reprodncw soma 
(>f thonc tliet vere in tlie anHient iHilsnp, ttie dimensions lia^e faren 
pvatlj mdnosil, ami only a few of tlie original edifiees are repie«wnteiL 
riie f'tllfiwitig table will serve for eompariHon as it shows tlie nombar 
'«f ti>mtn l/*iaAo -:io square f«^) in the olil and new KiiiMing*. 
Name nf Bnilding. OkldimenMoiu in IvmAh. New dimrtisiona. 
Imigfdcti^len, a.'.V lU 133.9) 

rnmd<««, airti.io laxog 

{Oi'ifia^o 44.10 a9.»4 

iwakii-r«», 4A^6 91K3I 

Kf*<lono, rtu. N«»t refvnlnead. 

tlii:a«lii CliMJiidrt, «). " " 

NiOii (1i.ijis|«\ M. " " 

flbufnkndb and II other halls, 677.10 •• «* 



60. 

SbSkai-moQ (gi^te), 66.65 Not reproduced. 

Kwaisho-mon ( <* ), 66.66 ** ** 

Shoaen-mon ( «< ), 46.64 *< <* 

SeiBen-moii ( *< ), ••• 46.64 « « 

Oten-mon ( «* ), 8S.3S 40. 

Saiho-ro, (tower), 61.02 Not xepradaoed. 

Slioron-ro ( ** X 61,02 «* " 

Mr. Ito GhadA ia the anshiteot who deeigoed the bnildinffi and 
enperintended their erection. 

North of the Memorial Hall is a shrine, 21.6 fi hy 26 ft-, standing 
on a platform 3 ft high. Here is to be enshrined tlie spirit of the 
Emperor Kwammn. The dedication will occur on the same day 
with Uie anniversaiy service, and thenceforward the shrine will be 
ranlced as one of the highest grade of Shinto temples. This too is 
the result of the earnest petition of the Kyoto people and their 
fnends, whose gratitude to tlie great Emperor has thus found 
expression. 

The Anniversary Exercises. 

The Slirine and the Memoral Hall will be beautifully decorated on 
Anniversaiy Day; and the dedicatory services consisting of prayers, 
ofibrings, reading of congratulatory messages, music, dancing, and 
worship by representative men, will be held in the early. morning. 
The presence of the reigning Emperor will be petitioned for; and 
tlie services at the Memorial Hall will be held in the presence of 
princes, minibters, members of the Impeiiol Diet, members of the 
Association that lias aided the project; as well as of the ministers 
and consuls of foreign countries who will be invited to attend. 
Similar services, to whidi other guests will be invited, will be held 
on the two following days 

The decoration of the Memorial Hall on this occasion will be like 
that of the Enxyaku period. The inner walls will be decorated with 
rich silk curtains called moko and noMho; tlie former on the npper, 
and the latter on the lower walls. On lacquered posts in front of 
the Hall will be hung four sacred banners called Bhoriu, Biakko, 
Shnjaku, and Oembu. On a platform in front of the Hall will bo 
performed dances in the Enx^u style, also a remarkable kind of 
dance called Azuma-aaobi In different places there will bo horse- 
races, ballJucking, no dancing, Aino dancing, wrestling, and other 
entertainments. 



•1 

Kyoto Imporiftl Muoiibl 

Tbw m on Taiiuitcvdji Rtrati, a ItUle Mnitii of Um Dailmlra. 
Unli] FBonHly Um Imperial IfnMnm in Tokyo WM the only one iii 
tht eoantnr, bol idnoe Kyoto and Harm were many y«ani Um capital, 
tlMy nalmlly eontatn many ram traamBW, lo that tliara hava now 
barn Imtlt in botli of tliew dtiaa mnaanmn nndor Impvial protoetion. 
Amnnf tlio olijaalB aonght am tlia d0t«lopment of art inlnatriaa Iqt 
enllfeting m<M apadmem, tha praaenration of matariala for 
bi«tcrical inrastipUioii, and tha maintainanoa of old tamplw tfaroni^ 
adminaion hm to tha mi— i ima . TIm groimda liava an ama of t6 
acraa, of which tlia llnaaom oowipiaa about | of an acm. It waa at 
ftfftt intendod to «act a hoilding of two or tlirw ttorian, hot Anally 
ona nf a mngla stoiy waa eho^an to lamien tlia dangam from aarth- 
qnaW. 11m amall mrmhflr of windowa aluo adda to tlia atmngtli, 
while tlio light in rpcmTcd from Uie roof. Tlia mtipenm ia atpactad 
U> la npeDf^l in Uie (all of 1805. 

The Kyoto Exhibition. 

TluH in in th^ «oiitli-e*^t comer of tlio Imperial Park, and i^ nndor 
l}^ miinaiTmeiit of tlie Kyoto Rxhihttion Afwooation. Tlie fini 
F.tliim;'in wHu li^U in tlie Rivt Hongwanji Temple for tliirt^'-tliree 
(fa>« r<jmnv>TKiii(; wiUi (>«-t, 1<», 1 <71. The iieit jrear three templet 
wrre moil, iho rtliiUiinn lasting eiplttr clay n commencing Mard I lO. 
It ««« nieinoral'le an Icing tlie occasion for find giving paairportii by 
wliidi ffnrignetii, uncntinected with legationn, were able to go to tlie 
ok] capital. It wan viititcd in May \yy Uie Emperor. Tlie neit four 
v«ani it wa« liekl in the Imperial l^ilaop. In 1.^74 medals were for 
tlie f r«t tune dirtnlmtrd among nM»ntorioii<i exhibitorii. In 1 177 
tlie exluktion wa« held in tlie I'alace of tlie Rmprera Dowager and 
wm* Yi*itnl H her and the Kmperor. It coiitintied to be held tliera 
imt:l It'll, «lirn the new hiiiMing i*\rT ninre nieil wa<i complcteit 
T1m» t.me of (iiirning the eihttiiton atitl the time of continuance in 
n<»« fund. IVitally. liowexer, it iji held tor aliont 30 or 6U tUyii, com- 
mrnrtng with tlie f mt of March or A|iri). The bnildingn are enttiely 
m Jft|«nr«a »tyle, and aie not nmler a single roof, Imt are many 
ttrttrtrreii connected witli one another by meanii of c<»NeTi*il paiwa^iea 
ar^l inteT«p*rteil with gardenn. The whole ethibitton gronml onm> 
fr:ie« aboia 124 arren. At inters aU IIictc Rre tea liotwen ami otlier 
ir»i.nf plarfMi fiif the conxenictioe of i\\c \i»iilor«. Tlie ryhnihical 
•le|*)>ttig »tnne« leading to an ii>)aikl m one of the jtondt are remnanta 
of tha old Ooj5 Bridge. Tlia artidea exhiUtad are moatly gooda 



6t 

manaffustnTed for sale. Some of tbem are BpeoimenB of the high 
•rtisiio skill for which the Kyoto people are noted. Some fine art 
omioB and other rare artioles are alao in eiliibition. 

A Historical Exhibition will be held from March 25th to 

July 2nd, 1805, in the buildings of the Kyoto Eiliibition. Tlie 
purpoee of its promoters is to collect raxe artioles and treasnres belong, 
ing to the Emyaku Bra (that in wliich Kyoto was founded) and 
subsequent periods, so as to fumisli means for comparing tliese with 
modern artioles contained in tlie Fom-tli National Eihibltion. Tliis 
is the first time that such a historical ezliiUtion lias been held in 
Japan, and it will give a gooil opportunity for studying Uie growth 
and deyolopment of art industries during the past eleven centuries. 
The numerous Sliinto and Buddliist temples of Kyoto, as well as tlie 
noble and wealtliy families of this and other cities, aie expected to 
exhibit tlieir hereditary troaBures and most valued articles. 

Tlio objuotK oxhiUtoil will iucludo iiaiutingH aiul drawingK, auto- 
graphs of noted mou, carvings, putteiy and porcelain cloisonne, 
woven fabrics and dyed stuffs, embroidery, metalwork, and lacquer 
waiv. Tliey will be classified as follows. 

I. Tlie Emyaku and Fujiwara Periods. 

II. To-So-Oen (three successive Cliiuese dynasties) and Kamakura 
Periods. 

III. Tlie Ashikaga and Toyotomi Periods. 
lY. The Tokugawa Period. 

y. Ukiyoye, or Popular Paintings. 
YI. Tlie Ming.Sing (Gliuiese) Periods. 
VII. Works of noUkl artbds bolougiiig to the Moiji Porioil. 
Tlie admission fee will be 6 se/i. Gliildran under twelve, lialf.price; 
those under five being free. 

The gate opens at 8 a.m. and closes at 4. p m. Tlie time is how- 
ever subject to change. 



THE LAKE BIWA CANAL. 



The eoortrvfllioo of llw Liht Biim CSumU wm luggBstocI fegr the 
Uimigbi thfti vliilt Ui« nmovAl of Ui« eipHal from Kyoto hid been 
tiiiffi>armlle to the interenle of the city, a eenel that would fnrniiih 
vmter for farigMioa, neTigation, end mennfeotoree might aid in ree- 
Wing properilj. In 18^1, when the fortonee of the city were at a 
litw elii, Mr. Kitagidu wan a{ipotnted Ooremor of KySto Fii. It 
pieced him to think that a dty which for ten centnriee had been the 
mf»t tmprffiant in the empire had rank lo low. Desirone of doing 
Mtnethtng to bring it beck to its former poeition, he determined that 
a flanal ought to be dng from lidKe Biwa to the eastern part of the 
eity. To eany ont raeh a plan it wae neoecMiy to eeonre the peiw 
miinioD of the central government and the co-operation of the 
people, flit lebora in tiieM directions being crowned with racce«, 
arii\e npetmiifms were begun in AogiHi, 1895- The work wae com- 
pleted in Mardi, 1800. 

Tlie (!anal begins at Miogasaki, Otsu, in the province of 5mi, and 
enlMn the first tnnnel near the famoni temple of Ifiideia Running 
along the sides of tlie hills of Yamasliina and passing through two 
mnv^ tnnnelK, it readies the dam at Keage. Here the water divider 
Tlir main Isanch, passing tlie ** Incline ** near tlie Buddhist temple 
Nsnien^, continues westward and unites witli tlie new Kamo River 
Cansl wliidi is really an ettemion of tlie one we are describing. 
Tlio roller bratirli goes nortliward tlirongh the fonrth tunnel to the 
TilUge of SliinUuiwa, where it turns to tlie west and, after oroeeing 
theTskano and Karoo Rivers, continues to Ogawa^uihira where it 
ynntk the Himkawa. 

Tlie Mvoelled "Incline** is a contriirance for obviating a diflerenee 
in lev^l too great to bo ea«ily managed by locks. It is a railway built 
npnn an inclined pbine having a slope of 1-16 and a length of abont 
l9fin feet. Tlie bmi to l« oonTeyni is received in a wheeled ondle 
whirli is attadied to a wire ro|« worki<d by electricity tluU is generated 
hr tlie wat«r.power of tlie Canal. Tliere being two lines of mil one 
(Tsdle goes up while anotlier is descending. Two strong iron pipes 
vtth s diameter of three feet are placed pide by mde on tlit ilope. 
Having a capacity of 9M eitbie feet a second with a fall of 19() feet. 
It gives an immense pressure vrhidi in ntiliasd for ilie generalioo of 
•leetridty. That at present frenerated is equivalent to 800 horse 
power, snil of this f»04) is in use. Iteotilrs moving ilie crailles upon 
«he Iiidino ; it is utiliied Un liglitii^ tlic dty ; fur i|>innitig, throwing, 



ftnd weaving; for pumping the water nsed in baih-honses; and in the 
manufacture of needles, oil, lemonade, ioe, and tadon (balls made of 
powdered oliarooal). 200 more horse-power will he required when 
the new elootrio railway begins its operations. It is expected that 
within a \eiy few yean Uie whole 2000 horse-power available from 
tliis source will all be utihzed in one way or another, thus bringing 
to the city an income of 117,000 yen. The water power of the canal 
is also used by mills at different points along its course. 

Ponom vl8ltlnfr?VtMi will fiiid It pleamnt to relnrn to KySto bjr one of the 
nmall boatu iwed for convey liur puvonj^eni. Tlie following pfttannplMi are taken 
from a descrinion of tlilii trip by a oorrenpondent of tbe Hyngo News :— 

**T1ie f IVHt Mtretcli of open canal fa oun yardii In 1engt]^ !^8.I9 feet In w Idtli, and 
ft feet tn deptlu It Is provided witb a regulating lock and slntce-gates by whicb 
tlie flow of water through the Csnal 1m evenly maintained at the rate of ?oo cnblc 
feet per eecond. -ft * # Tlie slnlce-irateH bolnir opened we were snon lowered to 
the level of the C^uial. « « * We floated swiftly but pladdly towanls the wide- 
open mouth wfiltliiK to receive us. Tlie timnels aro nuuiliered from the east, 
while tho liiMcrliitlons are supposed to 1m rend coining from the west. 

*Tlie • ntrance tn this snbtermnean poMuage Is beautifully facetl with granite, 
and lM«rH an Inscriptlun by Count Ito— **A7ii/.oo tMtn mw," 'Wluit wonderful variety 
of scenery !' more literally, *7he thouMond and ten tliouMand clianges of scenery !' 
As we enter tnis underground passage, called Tunnel No. I, we observe that we 
can see tlie western exit though upwards of a mile and a Imlf dfatent. As we 
penetrate Its recesses, the sonm of the sclmolboyH wlio precede us rovorbemte 
from all sides, producing a wnird though not unpIeasMnt senKaUon as tliey tall on 
the ear. Near the middle of tlio tunnel the numerous small streams of water 
puurlitg luto tho ()uial from tho sides, by the openings left fur tlioir exit, give 
Olio an Idtiii of tiio dltlicultlcs tlio workmen luid to contend with, llfrv mir iitteii- 
tltm was dlructud to some CIiIiicno clinrntters mrvoil m the rcN^k and gilded. Tlicy 
nad *//o»o Hfotmi,* 'May tlio KmiHtmr's dyiumty omtliiuo forever." We soon tame 
to tlM air slwft which Is oii tlio uilddlu 1 hio of tliu tniinul. It Is 160 fitit In hulgltt 
aiMl throws H glsNttly IlKht uimsi llio wfitur. Wo fiHiiHl the vuntllutlisi in tlio 
tunnel oxu»lluiit, and this sltaft will auooimt fur It. WorjilvnHlat lii.4u, uiwl 
•merged f ntiii the western oiitmnce at Il.'tO, Iiuvliig boun about 6U miiiuti« «mi the 
paesage. * * * Over this entrance fa the liuicri|)tlon by Ouiint Yaiiwgata, 'Aliiw 
so no ^ art,* 'Although the end ( of the Canal t seems here. It still continues.' 

*Tl»e Imortptlon on the eastern face of Tunnel No. S, by Cotmt Inooye, Is a say- 
ing of Confucius,— «/<!• v-a yama «ro mo^t yorokolfi e/H ua mixu no ttiwte nt jforo4trf>M.' 
'The benevolent man seeks the mountains (for meditation), while tbe wise man 
seeks tbe waters finds food for thought In the running streams .' Tunnel No. 2 
Is only 411 ft In length, but Is similar In other respects to No. I. The Inscription 
on Its western face Is by Count h'algo. It Is—' Vuvta ui ^tUugnUe mttfrn nl ituru* 
•"By following the trend of these romuitalns, you will reach the source of the 
river (canal)." 

"Tuimel Na.^. the last' we were to pass through, was soon reached. Tlie 
eastern Inscription by Oomit Matsukats reads. 'Amr tw tuglU thonkoku uo M/n*,' 
'When the rain clears away, we can see the color of the pines.' Tunnel Na 3 fa 
upwards of half a mile in loigth and similar In construction to the otliers. It was 
unllghted. # * » We pursued our way tliroitgh the underground passage In the 
\ darkness, which was but little relieved by the dim litfhts of the pass.ng boats; 
arriving at tbe wAHtem entrance and tbe main station at K cage, the end of our 
Journey, at I?.M, having completed the trip In about one hour and fifty ratnotes. 
The Inscription over this entrance is by Prince Fan jo It reads *£i nam ktmat 
§anka' * How btauUful are these mils and streams.' " 



60 

The Kftmo Itiw OumI, leotiTitic ih# wilm thai etias from 
IjJv llivA, flowi along ili« eMi bank of the ivim from which H is 
iMmeJ ntitil, naar Sliidiijo Bride*, it inrm to tlie eaiit, pMsing a 
litilt Mmtli of Um K5ba-Tdl^ Baiboad aa far aa tha Inari Station, 
vliim.1t it tnmii towani Fnnhimi, auti finally antars tlie UJi Riter. 
Tliin Oaiial waa bnilt for tlia |iiirpoi« of oanying goods that art 
bno^it from more nortliem prnrbioefi, and also tlioae paaaing 
lrtvr>^n KviH^i and Oittka. Mndi of thia traaspnrtatlon waa for> 
mrrly hy tlie Takaae lliver wliidi, however, Itaa too rapid a cnrrent, 
and, in dry watona, too imall a anpply of water. The new Canal haa 
eigiit lodw. 

An aoeonnt of tlieaeOanala would be imperfeet whi^ did not 
inclmle tlie name of Mr. Tana]« Biknro, a gradnate of the Imperial 
Call«ge of Rngineering, '131^, who liad oliaige of their eonetmetioo 
and «li««e ability van iilinwn fay tlie finooe9ftfnl maunar in whioh the 
nvuij d Olciiliiei* roniietiod witli the wiirk wore stirraonntad. 

Tlie following table gi\ea norae of Uie moat important meaaore- 
m«»nti (»f tlie CanaU. One ixii is e jual to 5 ft. 11 iV«4 intdAeai 
English. 

Ii<»iigtli of tlioCanjil, 
" •• 1*4 TuiinrI, 

.. .J .« 

Tli#» 1 " " Ilailwny attli© "InrliiM*/* 

Maui ( ** •• Ojifii Caiml, 

Linr. Xtrraiotit Widili of Canal at/iirfaop, 

|(}T«ate»t " MM.. v,„itofn, 

I Leant •* •• •* " ** 

\i\wrr art two lorku brlotiging to iliiii litie. 

lipngtli of the Canal, 
• "* 4tli Tnniiel, 
" ** Arrliway nt tlio Aqnoilnrt, 

■<Ji«it«*t Wnlili nt ('«iial at ►uifjuv. 

l^nMt •* •* " " •* 

^(trMtMt •' •• •• •• iHitioni 

I>ea«t •• '• •• •* •• 

/l^nptli of tite Canel, 
KainoV •• " " IiKliw, 
hnrr ) " •• " <>!«" C^iVil, 



^OOJ. 


Ken. 


1,31U 


i< 


6t.6 


*« 


467 


M 


H3U 


« 


•VUr.J.G 


«* 


02 


Feet 


30 


•1 


60 


« 


13 


M 


4,623 


Km. 


75 


m 


51 


m 


r.c 


M 


luo 


M 


i.:wo 


M 


3 4.5ht 


7.5 '• 


13 


«« 


4 


•* 


4,P19 


Ken. 


l:W 


u 


4,7«0 


•• 



M 



OtoiaUQroaiesi Width of Oanal, 120 Feet 

iLeast " " «« 80 •• 

f There ue eight looks belonging to this line. 

'Amount of Water rnnnlng in a second, 800 Gnbio Feet 
Yelooity in a second, 8 — i Feet. 

^Width at Borfaoe of water in Open Oanal, 19 — 60 

" « « (c i( ic Tunnel, 16 

[Depth of water in Open Canal, 5 

" « «« « Tunnel, 6 

'Slope of Canal from Lake to the "Incline,** i/tooo Vaooo 

*« « the "Incline,** i/i6 

,F^om the "Incline" to Kamo River is level. 

/Amount of Water running in a second, 50 Cubic Feet 
Tlie V Yelooity in a second, 
Brnnoh/ Width at surface of water in Open Canal, 
I^ine. 1 « « " w « It Tunnel 
(slope, 



The 

Main 

Line. 



<« 



-10 



Feet 



vj^j^ /Amount of Water rimniug in a second, 
"**^ (Slope, 



1 >«/i 
7—24 

8 " 

VSjoo — '/awQ ** 

120 Cubic Feet 
lw/i«oo Feet 
8—3} 
V4000 



(( 




h D*;^*Ulduq«M lliJi*Mi», Ital 



•7 

DISPOSITION OF TIME. 



Kjiiio in M> fnll cif fMilMeii, tomplen And hiMorie iHm , while in 
Hm virinitv »tt) no many pliiMii of iniAnMii, tluii one may for nuaaj 
wftek^ find tJhjfuA* wnriliy of his etieniion. An foreign tomriete Are 
oMielly Umttfld in the emonnt of time at Uieir dif^poeel, they will be 
gM to he^e Mime fngggeflttoni ee to how the deyi may be moel 
edvantegeooaly erni^ogred. They ihonld beer in mind theithera ie 
DO limit to tlie time Ihei ooold be ooonpied in the ihope where 
erolroiderieii, pottery, eorioe, Ao. ere told. At the reiy leeel, the 
eqni^mhmt of one dey dionld be reeerted for tlieee end for eeelng 
tin* mennfeetme of pottery, eloinonne, et4S. 

Hie mni* eonTenient plaoee fnr getting e geneml view of tlie 
dty ere Ktyomisa Temple, Ryoien, Niekoji-yeme, YoflllidA-y*"M^ 
end Btingnn-mlce. Tlie lent plecw ip porliepe Uie beet, ei|ieQieU^ for 
x\ia0^ who v'op At the Yeemi Hotel. It is >t8t tedi of thei holel» on 
MATiiTAmA, end commAnds A view, not only of KySto end the im> 
mediAte \idnity, hut OmJui aIiko mAy be weD in tlie diiteneei 

A t^n dsys prngnunme of iitglii4iMing mey be errAnged aa follows. 
Tli^ pUcfs vliirli srp of moKt intrr^t to Tinitoni Are idArred. 

Ut^ Ihiy. — *|ni|ieriAl IHilAn*, r><>litiilui, flluikiiktiji, *Blitmo.gAmo 
Tliml Ki»it(tAJO(i~t, Yo*1iuU JinOiA,8}iitiny««lo,*Knr(idiint (Komyuji), 
*<}inbiJtnji, S)ii»lii^tAni, NiftXiiji, Kikwsnilit, Nstixcnji, tlie OaiiaI 
•* Inrline." 

Jnil fJer. — •(liion-in, ^MAniyanui I*»rk, YsffMluuJinliA, *HigA«hi 
T^ni, Krnninji, KimIsiji, Hyoy^n. *Kiyomtxii-i)««ni, *Nifilii OtAni, 
*|Hiilat«fi, M>oh<Mn, Tfi^iiKniii Jinidui, *HAiijtiftiincmdo,*Hi(9Uilu 
Hnngwsn^, *Ninlii Hongwunji^Toji. 

Srd. iHiy — *Ni>> llUcr, *Kiteno Trnjin, HimnaJiniiliA, !>Ait<Jraji, 
Tak^iM Jin#li«, *KinJuO(iiji, Toji-in, Oinuro Ninniijt, MjOsliinji. 

4tli l>Ay.— •KAtariTA RiV}ii, *HosugswA RApt«l«, ^AnuhiyAme, Ten- 
nnji, Kmiuji. 

f.th !>Aj. — *T(ipinoo, MeXin'Mi/Taluio, HtrnffAwA-no.iJw, SMiydji, 
fieiJuJiitii ; nr AtegfiysniA aimI Munc of 11m«m> plAom on tlie wey. 

Otli Iiey. — KAmi-gAmn, KmAmA.)-AmA, Kilmn»Jin«liA. 

;th pAy.— nflingAkniD Rikyn sml "Mt Hiei. 

nth I>Ay.— *Uji, including "IfytMliiin, *1IoohIo, And llAmpokn ji ; 
FvsJiimi, ^Inen-^nidiA, and Tofitknjt. 

^ lHijr._«Mii(ferA, •KatamJii riiie-tiee, KitryAko^, •Ishiyemei, 
leiwning liy *Hiwa (VinAl. 

lOlh Dey. — •OtokojrAmA llAolumAn, Tennomn, Negpmkn Te^Jia* 



od 

*8liinkyogolni and otlier plaoes of intei^eet noarlgr may be seen at any 
convenient tima — 

For tlioM ivlio, having only two dayB to give to the city, 
are willing to do a great deal in so short a spooe of time the 
following progranune may be adopted. 

Ist Day. — ^Engaging Jinrikislia early in tlie morning, visit 
Nislii Hongwanji, Higashi Hongwanji, Sanjiisangendd, Daibntsn, 
Myoho-in, Kiyomisu^lera ; spend tlie remainder of tlie day among 
tlie sliope and manufactories; and the evening in rambling aboitt 
among the shops and shows of different kinds. 

2nd Day. — Ghion-in, Knrodani, Oinkaknji, Imperial Palace, 
Kitano, Kinkakuji, and Nijo Palace. 

A tliird day can be taken for the Bapids and Arashiyama. 
Those who liave a fonrtli day may take with tliem a lunch 
and afler visiting Sliuf^uin oUmb to tlie top of Mt Hiei.(Tho6e 
not caring for so muoli exercise can go on to Yase where kago, or 
bamboo chairs, may be hired for the ascent.) Eating hmch on tlie 
mountain and seeing something of tlie temples, tlie descent may be 
made to Sakamoto on tlie shores of Lake Biwa. Here jiurikishas 
can be hired to rHsn, stopping a few moments to see the big tree at 
Kaiaialwi. In Otsu the temple of Miideia may be visited. If not 
too late, return by way of the Canal; othei^se, by jinrikislia or rail- 
road. In tlie long di.ys of sunin:er ilieie may be time to lidc ly 
jiiuikislia fnim <^ibu to Uhiyuina bufoie letuiuing. 



THE SHINTO RELIGION. 

Hm* moid Sliinto in oompomiiled frcmi two GhhiMe woida mean- 
ii^**'ni« Way of tlie Oocla.** Tlib imme wm adopCad aftor tlie 
tfitifvltirtinn of BtMldliinn into J»|ian, in order to disUngniali ibe 
Attnirnt inilipfnonii womliip from tJiiit wlitdi luid been reeenily 
Utmglit from foreign lanilp. Aooonling to its edlierentii, BliintS 
ha* l#cn luuided down from Uia originiil deitiea throngli Imoi^ 
and Innuni, tlie progenitora of the Japaneae people. Theae two 
tanglit it to Ania4ermim o-Mibuni, the Snn^oddeaa, who, aeootding 
to on* b^nd waa. their ofVuprtng, and, aoeording to another, waa fvo- 
diMed from tlie left ere of lanagi. The Son^o dd eaa, aa aneealcir 
of til* Imperial Famil^, la held in apeeial honor. The noted ahrine 
ilnlimM to lier at YamaiU in the proTinoe of lee la the eentar of 
fiiint«>. 

In hoTj tlie nolftl HmLniint prieiit, Kokai, otherwiae known aa 
fColii t>aiii1ii, retnmAil to Japan from Cliina wliore ho lied apeni 
•omr time in uttidy. ]\y combining Hliinto and nuddhiam lie maile 
titr lattrr mon» aoorptablc to the Japam^ie. He tanglit tliat tlie 
Rliiiitf't dritiftt wrrv maniffttationn of tli^ Kuddliaa and iainta of liia 
trmn rrlipon. TlitiK Uie two ft>Ktrmfi were no intermingled that 
Rliiiitit (IrtttfNi wvre wiimliipeit in HiuUIIiii^t plirinen; while prieftta of 
tli^ i'trrxcn fftligion took rli»rpe of Kliinto trmplea. Tlie oommon 
fwopl# toon maile no ftpedal dii^tinrtton l<*tw<H»n the two religiona. 
At tli«> ttjno (if Um Riwinration tlie government onlerfil tlio tlirinoa 
tit Ir purtfifvl from all Bmldliifftifl el(>m^ntff. Tlie regiilationii tlien 
mad« 1ia^4» l««n miidi modified or allowi^I to fall into dMrnetude. 
Tl» mmmon p^npb* itiill acorpt both n»li0onii or »ome of tlie 
vanfffi* mmhinationfl of Um* two. In tli^ same family theie will be 
•io'.n^ for hoth Bliinto and Hoddliif^t objrvtn of vnrnhip. 

Sliiiito ha* d^vrhipnrl a nnmlcr of ifcU^ tlie principal onee being 
Slungn, Taifilui, Knrotnmi, TaifM>i, Kliinnliin, Hlinnei, Jikko, and 
OntaXr. Tliffm ar« many minor variMicw anti abio •rvtema, like tlie 
Rrmmon and Ti^nri nectn, which within recent timea liave ^uned 
great in^ nance with Um" common petvplr. 

In f^ii«>ral it mar lie f«i(l tliat Hliinto tfiachea tlie wormhip of 
tnce>t«w arv] nf nattire. Tlie heavenly 1m«1i«hi, tlie anceetora of tlia 
Impi^ial Family, tlie ^inte of liernen, ret tain monntaina, and re. 
markalile treea or rhfT« am special olijertii of ailfnation. 

Tlie pade of Hliinto ti^mplee in detenninril dy the "go ^ ei m ii a nl. 
Tlie KwmHftt tempir* — •nldiiiiled into Hoperior, | ntermf«ltate, and 
Inferior— have tlieir diief |«ieata appoiulal hj tlie Centiml Gofem- 



. ti. ••«-«■« 



70 

ment and are cliiefly maintained from the public funds. Tlie 
Kokuhei tomplofi, also of Uiree grades, are oared for liy tlie prefectnrol 
offices. JFSi^ha and Keiaha are temples in whidi all tlie people of a 
prefbctnre are interested wliile O^kka are of merely local interest 

Sldnto priests do not wear any peonliar dress except when engaged 
in xeligious ceremonies. Tliey aro free to adopt anotlier profession 
at any time. Tlie services consist chioily of reading ancient 
prayers or hymns of praise, iogetlier with tlie offering of rice, vego* 
taUe, aoAfl^ fish, etc. There are also dances performed by the 
priests or by girls. 

The constmction of Sliinto temples is much simpler tlian that of 
Buddhist buildings. In their purest form they are made of unpaini- 
ed wood and are roofed with the bark of the huwH (Ohamaeoyparis 
obtnsa). The architecture is tliat of tlie primitive Japanese 
hut in which tlie rafters projected in the sliape of tlie loiter X 
wliile the two timbers wliich formed tlie ridge were bound togctlior 
by sliort transverse logs which were the prototypes of the cigar- 
sluLped ones whidi now suniiouut the roof. In a large temple are 
usually found the following buildings: — 

Tlie Mam BuUding in which tlie principal object of worship is 
enshrined. In the purest form no object of worship is to be seen, 
it being enclosed in an inner sanctuary before wliidi liangs tlie 
gohei made of strips of white paper cut in a peculiar way and said to 
represent the strips of dotli that in ancient times were offered at 
tlie shrine. In many temples, however, a mirror is now eeen and 
is tliought by some to represent Uie Sun-Goddess, Uiough mora x)''^- 
bably it has been adopted from the Sliingon sect of Ihiddhists. 

Tlie Oratoiy or Uaiden (the liall for worsliip) always stau^ling 
in front of the main building. 

The Kagura BuUcUng^ which is a stage for the performance of 
religious dances. 

The Tbmp/e Offix where the business of the temple is transacted. 

The Libnay, 

The Bmado, a gallery where formerly were hang small pictures 
of horses. The pictures are not now confined to a single subject; 
but often represent noted heroes, battle scenes, <&c. 

Tlie Oorridor, 

The Covered QaUway, 

The SuMe, Here is kept the Shimme or Horse of the Gods. It is 
usually an albino and before it are small plates of beans which 
the frequenters of the temple feed to the horse. 

The AtaemUy Hull. 



Tl 

Hm S whm ii m^ Shim. • Than iiomeiitnM nnmbor foity or Wf 
aia §n ckdiotM to oHImt Miim Umui Uiom wotiliipid in Um lUla 
BaiUins. 

TIm J\jnL Thtt !• a fam m t - w wk naembling a gutewaj. In Um 
pinwi tomplfli it U nadt of nniMunlod wimmL BIwwIiert it it oflm 
|«iiit«d md, or eonatnielod of itoM; ■diMtimM eveii of mttftL It 
iiMjr be lej Milal m a dialiiietivo nrntk of tlie rtligioii, tinee BiuUhitl 
t Min itai liAvo BO Idrii otei|it ■• tlwir gnmnlt nifty indade Shinld 
•lihim. Tbt word loni muuM ** binl't perdi.** Tho Mgnifloaaat it 
dooMfaL 8omt litfO tappottd tliti it btt oomt down from t timt 
vfata fowit wt MflriHotd. AooonltBK to ont tipltnttion, Jimma 
Ttnnd, who it foJiootd tt tilt flrat Emptror of Jt|Nm wit fllltd 
Willi dttpoodtncgr tl tUt lott of liit alder Uotiitr in ont of tht 
ItttAlm ftmslit t^iinti tlit mrtgi thbet tlitt Uitn inlitliittd Jt|Mi. 
g^bWnK tn rtgk*, whow fattliem iiliont with t gnkltii ittditnet, 
dune dnwu tod li(;liltd on tlie Empmrur'ii bow. EnoourtQtd bj Uiit 
good omen, Jinunu Ttnno tdTtnoed to tlttck kiii tuemita. Thaj 
wvn to dtuied ligr tlia Iriglit oolor of tlia •aula's plumaeB tiitt many 
of ihain at nnoa tooJi to fllight, while tlia oUiara immadiataly 
•urraiklmsiL Hm larii ii Mid to eomtnPtn<iraie Uiir inotdant and tl 
tlia Muna tima to Mgnify tliat tlia dc^it/ wnmliipcd in tlia tampla 
balongp to tlw army of npiritiMU funsea witli whioli tlia ImptriAl 
Annoptoni tia gnatdiiig tlia Itml. 

Tlia l*tekfi tVnft wliifdt aiirrounili tlia Imildinga. 

Tlia Ktona l^m^ay in wliidi the wonhipam wtali tliair litnda 
trfrva anpiging in pvmyar. 

Two »tnna fi^iira* of />yi nr Imw*, T\mj art oallftl ** Maairanly 
l»r«P** flf **<^iiaan I>«««i,** bat tliair signiflaaiMa ia t anbJMt of dia> 
pnta among aelioltrm. 

Jjutemfi mada of wool, fitnna, or matal. 

IVrvnns daairing to mtka t utivly of Sliintn will flml maeh 
^aaUa mttaritl in tha tVaiMtrtionii of tlia Aaiatie Rn^iaty ol 
Jafan; a»paeiAlly in tlia a>ntribiition« by Mr. Hatow, ami tht 
^olnmaeonttiningMr. (Hianibarltin'fttraiijtlatiou of tlw **KojiJu** or 
** Baeonla of Aneiant ICattafaL** 






7a 

JAPANESE BUDDHISM. 



It WA8 at least a tlionsand yoarsaftor tlio Ago of Bnkgainnni, or Slia- 
ka, as he is called in Japan, tliat BiuldUibiii tirHi outened tluH oountry. 
It came from Gorea which had before rocoivcd it from Chi ua. lu 
6ii2 A. D. the king of Kndara, one of tho tlut)e ancient divisions of 
Ciirea, is said to liave presented to the Emperor Kimmei an image of 
Bnddlia and some sacrod books. For a lung time the minds of 
imlnential men were greatly divided in the views taken of tlie new 
religion. 

The Emperor, who was somewliat favorable to its aooeptanoe, 
gave the presents he had received into the care of Soga-no-Iname, 
one of the Councilors of State, who became a believer and is said to 
liave erected in 5*^ the first Japanese pagoda. The neit year a 
pestilence tliat lagod tlironghoiit the oountry was aMcribod by 
Mononobe-no-Okoshi, anotlier Oouncilor, to tlie anger of tlie gods 
at the reception of the foiieign religion. At liis instigation the 
temple huilt by Soga was binned, and the Bivldhibt images were cast 
into rivers. Otlier images and books weie brought by the monks 
and nuns who came in constantly increasing numbers from Gorea. 
Bliotoku Taislii, who was Regent in the time of the Empress Suiko 
(503-621), eagerly espoused the cause of Buddhism and promulgated 
its docti'ines so successfully tliat at the time of his deatli tliere 
were abready 46 temples, 8l6 monies, and 569 nuns. He was a 
sagacious and clever man who also encouraged tlie aiis and sciences. 
Vxom this time BuddhiHiu buuanie thoroughly ustablishud as tlio 
cliief reUgion of the land and was adopted by successive Emperors. 
In 625 Eikwan, coming to Japan from Koma, another division of 
ancient Gorea, became tlie founder of the Jojitsu and Sanron seats. 
In 653 D5sho went to China whence he brought back the doctrines 
of Uie Hosso sect. This priest also built ferry-boats, bridges, and 
canals. The long bridge spanning the river at Uji is said to liave 
been tlie first built by him. Other iiriests who wont to China also 
on their return aided in spreading the do'jti'iues of the Hosso and 
Kuslia sects. In 736 a Chinese priest named Dosen iutrodnoed the 
Kegon sect Two years later a proclamation was issued ordering 
every province to erect two temples, one for the monks and the 
other for the nuns. In 754 another Chinese priest named Ganjin 
established the Bitsu sect. The Kusha, Jojitsu, lUteu, Hosso, 
Sanron, and Kegon sects were all estaUislied at Nam and lience 
were called the six sect of Nanto or the Southern Capital In 804 



78 

Mcbo aM nka TkHcd ChiiM. On Uitir ratani tlie fonMr, 
cUhcrwiM kaowB by his poirtlnimoiiii title. Deokgro D4isbi, orgMiind 
tlw T«nku Seel on lit. Uiei; while the lett«, ebo celled K&» 
Iieislii, el Mt Koy* foninkd Uie Sliiuson eeet. Koto Deiehi wee e 
men femone for aolioleieliip end eloqiieticiL To him ie eeerihed tfie 
indent irm of tlie JefMieee i^llelitiy of 47 elMiM'.eiii. Theee two 
ptealii with tlieir eneoeMore eoqnired mtdi greet indoenee thel for 
Suu yeeii tfieee two new leolii lied ehnoet eielueife power over tfie 
Rmpeyom end tlie mejnritj of the people. 
Tlie oilier leinoipel eeole were eeleUiiilied ee followe. 

Tad Nemhaten Igr Rjontn in 11S4 

Jodo *« OenkB *« im 

Zen •• Eieu •« 1191 

,8hin •« Sliinmn " 1SS4 

'Niehiren " Niehiren « 1968 

Ji •• Ippen •• 1976 

Theee eects ere rabdiTided into meny end often oonlUelinf 
diviuonp, whoee dittangtiiftliiug feetureii end tenets ere eHo(;ether 
ttm crimpliceted to be described in this sliort upeee. Nen)6 
Biin}irs "Hitiitnj of tlie 12 Jspenese Biiddliiikt Hecte" written in 
Eiiglifili will be of lielp to t]if«6 whd deniie to pirmie this stialy. 
Rtfire BtKbllitiim es found in Jei«n luis coiiie from Indie hy wey of 
(liiiis, e pernoti dnuriiig to idndy it fklimikl first leem of rriginel 
llife|illii»in enl tlien of the nifitlifiRetionfi msde in Cliiiie. For tlie 
fpiinel feeder llliys iHividn* funell Utolc '* lIuUluMin ** niey be reoom- 
mfiklnl^ss e coiMleiif^l sml inteiMdiiiK ecrount of tlie life end 
iMrliinfi* of HtKbUie; wliil<i Klkiiis '*(1iine^ llmbOii^m** will tell 
of tlie clienges tinder g« inn b*(ors enteiitig Je)«u. For e stody ol 
Jspenene Rudilhiiuii the mstenalii in Knglmh ere tcenty. In eddi- 
tina Ut Nsii)r> lliiiijti'iiUHik fceerrli tnll^tllenlsde in tlie Treiuectione 
of tlie Aiitetie 8*triety einl in \sriotift msftesinefi. Atkinpoii's 
*'l*nnre iidilertlui" p\eKsnerroniit of the life of Hmbllie eenocdinf 
to one of the |iit|»iilsr em»tint« thnt i« ninriit in Jsfieii. 

llie folltiwini; f^tnti^tim sluiwnig the nuinlier of teinpleeofthe 
different sects is |w«iliibly e feirly (^mkI imlei of tlieir compemtive 
Hiength. 

Number of temptee. 

Tendei Rsrt, l,H4iH 

Rliiiifjofi " 1:1,776 

/Itiiicei llrsnrh a,lj>3 

Xen-seH^Soto •• 14,079 

(libeliQ " 604 



74 



Jodo leot 6,U6 

Shin •« 19,U6 

Nidilxen " 5,066 

Ji « 616 

Ta-ZD-nembutsn 863 

H088O " 46 

Kegon " 21 

Total 70,700 



fi 

Tb« laperial Park 

TliU !• Um {MviinB of Um oI^ boandid hj ImsdcgAwa 8L on fht 
north, TvamMhi 9. on ttM «mI, lUrniftinafllil 8i on Um wHilh,Mid 
KmMmBMni 8U on Um umit^ It b lonoiiiidtd hf imlb of iIoiim 
Ami flirUi, tad liM niiM ]a1iMipftl gM*^n9».Imidflgiim Gilo on Um 
nnrUi, Uhlyalnialii, SoiviilB, mad TwntmM OoIm on Um ma/k, 
AJuuraoehi on Um oooUi, ttumodsehivrl, HAiiMgiiri, NokadMhiori, 
tail Innl Ooloo on Um vott. TImn oro a low tnbordiiMlo m^nnem 
opooid io rofltnl jmn for oonvmloiMi; tat Um oboto ara Um 
Biao Clatia to which lo i w a iMt it fkaqnont^ oMdt in Ualialflal 
vorka, nortla, Ao, WHhin thaaa falea la aaeiaiit Ubmb who in- 
ohidod tha Imparial Palaaa, tha Raaidanea of tha lata Priaea KnBi, 
Um nUaea of tha Ra-finparar, Um Imparial Plovar Oaniaa, tha 
(Itaaa Oaidan, ami Um laaidaneaa of mangr princaa and aooii Bohlaa» 
Many of Um fondal loidiilMd ihatr Ky9to reaidanoaa Joal onlalda tha 
RneloAiira. Mont of tha hniUinsa iiUule hava baan la m owad ao aa 
tn make a fine paik travfraecl bj rnad* open to alL Tha falaa 
mnain an memorialR nt tha pant; hot Umit doon ara ahiaja opan. 
rnriinnii of Um park havo been planifd with phim, peach, oheny, 
or pine treat: while in other aaetionii are more aneiant treaa of 
varioon kindu, tofjetlier wiUi pondii, faintems, and oitMr adonunanta. 
The prinripal Imildin^ benidee tiM Falaee now within tha Purk are 
Uie Rpnt'^npho in the eouth-east part, which waa (nrmarly naad by 
Rmperor* after abdication ; and the reeidenee of l*rinea Koni ; and 
Ui# Rrhonl nt Tine Arte; Um K}5tn Rihihition BniUiiv;and Um 
Metenrnlnfciml Obeervatory; all in the eonUi aaet w0tion;aDd Um 
nranrh (Mllee of Um Dnrean of Imperial Bnildinsa in tha eonUi- 
w««t; And two shrinei called BomS JiniilM and Shiraknmo Jinsha. 

Raet from NakAiUchiuriinon doee by tlie ralaee Rneloeora it tha 
KtiniDMf{aeehi-n<vflAJiurA. (OArriAice tnrninf cherry-tree) ao caIM 
becaiuw the Rmeprnr Odmitnnoo ^Ift:!)— IMH) waa ao atmek by 
the beanty of ite bloeaoma that he caoaed hia carha|{a to be tamed 
teck in elder UuU lie might longer gaaa apon them. On a apring 
owning wlien Um flowcra ara illominated by tha 
electric light Um tree ia atiU woiUiy of attracting thoaa who 

Afila Well, juat norUi of Um entmnoe tron Irhi^i 8t, ia cma of 
the moal famona in the city. 

Bnkeao Well, a little west of InliijAkiwlii <lAte, ia lionoml aa tha 
UMt fianialMd water for Um Arai Utli given t4) Um praaanl 



76 

Tlie gates liave often been the soeuas of exciting events. In tlie 
last part of the Historical Sketch of Kyoto mention was made of 
tlie attack which the men of Clioshu made upon several of them. 

Imperial Palace. 

Up to the time of the Emperor Kwammn the Imperial Besidenoe 
was dianged witli each sovereign. Witli seven exceptions, how- 
ever, the Palaces irere in the province of Yamato. Ttie seven otlier 
places tlms honored were Sliiga, Gtsn, and Hora, in tlie province of 
of ^hni ; Naniwa and Nagara in Settsn ; Tajilii in Kawaohi ; and 
Sagara in Tamashiro. As elsewhere narrated, tlie Emperor Kwammn, 
after a short residence in Nagaoka, removed to Kyoto where he 
built liis Palace in what is tlie nortli-west part of the present city. 
Tlie palace was called Dairi and was snxxounded by many other 
public buildings which together formed a rectangle called Dainlairi 
or the Oroat Dairi. Tlio oironmferonco (»f the latter was )0,HUU 
feet There were tliree gates on each side. Among other noted 
buildings were tlie Daigokuden, of wliich a reproduction lias been 
erected just north of tlie buildings of the National Exliibition, 
Horakuden, and the Butokuden. 

The Dairi was 720 feet from east to west, and 1,000 feet from 
north to south. It contained 17 main buildings besides several 
subordinate ones. All of these were destroyed ly fire in 1177. Tlixee 
years later the arrogant Kiyomori caused tlie court to be removed to 
Frknwara, the present Hyogo; wliere however, it remained less 
tlian a year. Since tliat time the Palaces luive often been ruined by 
successive conflagrations, which usually were connected witli tlie 
civil contests that raged within the city. 

The present site was chosen after the Ojin period (14G7 — 1460), 
the first Palace built being very small. In 1593 a much larger one 
was elected by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Tliis and seveml of its succes- 
sors were likewise burned. During the 17th and iStli centuries the 
Palace is said to have been destroyed five times by fire. The 
present buildings were built by lyeyoshi. 

Tlie Palace grounds, containing an area of about 20 acres, are 
surrounded by a high wall' of earth and plaster covered with a 
tile roof. This wall is marked with five horizontal white 
stripes whose origin is unceitain. According to some tliey at first 
showed tlie heights reached by the Kamo Biver in some of its 
inundations; while otliers say tluit the Unes represent five st^w 



tvfm tlitti in uietoiii Unm mra tAnMM ahoai Ihe pim whtft 
an Riii|i«rar iras •noMnptd. TIm mdm otimuimiiI ii iiMd on tilt 
vAlk of Imipl^a tlial h*v« bMn inUmfttoly •woeiattd witii Iht 
ImpCTud Family. 

At «]m nortlwaMl oonMr of Iho ipaII iliort !■ ft re^nlariiif ui|^ 
Tliiii umm trnm Um \m\M tlialovU indtMnoeii euiM fram Um norlh. 
•Ml. A »lif««d inrmilioii for ftToidlng tliii wtm to 1miv« no noitli. 
«ut cflrnpr ft! ftlL Pirhft|M tliia waj of «irDiiiiiv«iitiiif Ul lock It of 
hlflr ihte tbiB tlM R u pifor Kvunmo^ for ho mnmd ^ iHnjilM of 
HiMmn to bo boiH to gaud his FlUwo. 

All tlM nUoeo lmildit«t m ooniAnieltd of AtMli wood tad an 
roofed with its tek. Tliey Iiato boon baUt in imitAftioB of tho 
Iiatn, tlimigli witli the oioeptioii of tli« SliiihiiidoB thfy an nid to 
b» only i/|a of tlw originU dimoiudoiia. DirooUont for oMdainf 
pi'mii^nii to uni thin ttKl otlior ralaoet Iiavo boon giTta in tho 
I*r«limiiiaf7 InfamMtion, titidor tlie head of PiMpmli. 

TI10 follovinf ngnbitiont are also obeerrad. 

**(!} Viiutnra who liaira bean anthoriied to view the Imperial 
ralaea at Kjdto and other Imperial Mamrione elionld on airi^al 
at tlie entranree, preeent Uieir visitinf oaids and 104000! to be 000- 
dncted into tlie interior. Tliejr ehonld aleo sign thair nanae on 
tlie book frovided at tlie entraneea, giving foil partiealara aa to Iboir 
oflleial and dignitary titl«i. 

** ^3) Viaiton Rhonld imlcnit themeelTee under the diraetion of 
Um gnide of tlie Palaee or Ifansione and not eteay about aa Ibej 
lilie. 

'*(3} Vieitoni are not allowed to wear ehoee or booli in the 
I%laei». Titer iihoald lea^e tlieir orerrmat, mitten, itiek, waOdng 
rane, nmlcella or wlialoTer they take with Uiem either to their 
attrittlent, or to tlie Mrvant of Uie I^alaoe or llaneiona before they 
enter into tlw bnildinge. 

■*ij) Vieitflte are not allowed to ■m<dM, eirept in the Waitinf 
Rofl^. 

'*(&) Tlie ralaee or Manriona are o|ien to Tieitore every day 
from iLm. to 9 p.m. 

**\^^> Vininre* atti>mlantii nnt poeaeming any nfllrial title, thetr 
•rrvatita, tli^ir inattl ver^antii, tlieir niimeii, or eny otiier foll o eeie 
are not allowed to aM'umpany tlieir masters into the Interior of the 
ralaee or llanMoaa.** 



78^ 

The nutin entrance to the Pftlaee enolognre ie by the Kenrei 
Mon or Nan Mon on tlie sonthem side. On the east side is the 
Kenahnn Mon ; on the noiih the Saknhei Mon which was tlie nutin 
entrance to the Empress's Palace; while on the west tliere are 
three tlie Senslm Mon or Knge Mon, while the two otliers are 
called Mi Daidokoro Mon or the Gates of tlie Augubt Kitchen. 
The nortliem of tlie Kitchen Gates is also called Kiyono Mon and 
was formerly the ordinaxy entrance to tlie Emporess's Palace. 

Visitors enter from the middle of the three west gates. At the 
guard house tliey will be furnished with a guide who conducts 
them first to tlie Okummayoee where they must remove their slioes 
or put oyer them large slippers provided for tliat purpose. They 
are then taken to tlie EQiodoibu.no-ma consisting of tlie Sakura-no-ma 
(GlierryRoom), Tsmn-no-ma (Crane Room), and Toi'a-no4na(Tigar 
Room), In the latter tliey register their names. Passing tlirougli 
the corrider called Wata^o, a room or rather verandah called 
Sliimo-no-to (Lower Door) is reached. This was the place of 
waiting for couit nobles above the 4th grade. Here are tliree low 
dining tables used when the nobles were feasted by the Einporor. 
Tliere are 2 windows on the northern wall; the one at left is 
Kushigata-no-mado (Comlvsliaped Window) while the other is 
called Kojitomi under whidi is the diair in which the ESmperor 
sat at the time of the feast. On a screen outside the upper entianoe 
to tliis vomndali was writion each year a list of the festal days and 
of the ceremonies to be performed. 

The Seirydden (Pure and Cool Hall) receives its name from a 
brook wliich runs beneath the Ktei>s. lu oldou times Soixyodoii 
was the ordinary dwelling-place of the Emperor; but afterwaid it 
came to be used only on festivals or still later for levees. All articles 
connected with the room had their own special names, while their 
use according to custom was lianded down from early days. The 
hall whidi faces to the east is 60 feet in front and 30 feet in deptlu 
The largest room called Omoya lias no ceiling but is open to the 
roof, a style known as hesho-yane. The Imperial Throne covered 
with beautiful white, red, aiid Uack curtains is called Mi-cho-dai; 
while the seat before it is styled Hiru-no-gyoza, or day-seat In the 
south east corner a part of the doors is made of cement. On this 
fresli earth was sti*ewed every morning so that the Emperor in wor- 
sliiping his ancebtors could, witliout descending to the ground, yet 
conform to the custom of standing on tlie earth. At the back is the 
Shiki-no-byobu or Screen of four seasons, so named from the paint- 



79 

il^ hf Toift Mitrakiya From two iMm calM Dtiih^ in Iht 
middlt of Um room Um Emperor dined on the 3nd dny of tlie 
New Teer, and on tlie 1st dtj of tlie 11th mouth. A room to the 
VM* of (>mo}-m mlled Deitainilio wie med for tlie dining<Toom of 
comi tedien, while a room to tlie noi.th was called OnUno^na^ or 
Demon's Room^ so called from a piotnre of a demon it once con- 
tained. North of tlie Oni-no-ma is tlie Emperor's sleeping-romn 
having on tlie west a dressing-room called Asakarei-no-ma, and on the 
north a bath-room. To the east are other rooms called Pnjlnoto, 
fisfitsabo, and Biki. Slides, on which are painted persons w.th 
long legs and arms who are flsliing at sea, are called Aramsno-sli9jL 
Ths higlier portion of tlie verandah before Omoya is called Hiro- 
bissshi, while tlie lower portion is simply HiiAsliL A screen on 
the verandah liaa on one side a pietnre of ICommei Pond, while on 
the ntlier side is represented falonn hunting at 8«gana Two 
clnmps iif bamboo in front of tlie Seiryoden liave from ancieul 
times hre n called Kan Ilamboo and Go lUmboo, Kan and Go being the 
names of two ancient kingdoms in Cliina. 

SkMniej^ (Pi rple HWUen Han> This building which {Bern the 
Bonih in 130 feet long by 6^) fert wiile. It was used for the entlnone- 
meni of tlie Emperor, the siidien'^ hekl on New Yearn Day, and 
other great ooraaionfi. On the panels of the liall are pictures of :I3 
Chinese nages. Tlie otiginalu, painted in H.iH by Koee-no-Kanaoka, 
wete long sgo burned Tlie piesent pit-tures were |sun'.ed ly 
Samiytwhi Hirfi3rtiki st the etui of the IsRt century. Tlie Corean 
dog wa« painted by Bnmiyoshi Kokwsn. The curtained tlirone 
(Michodsi) of the Emperor in of mfidern date. Tlie pattern of tlie 
•ilken rurlainii repreneiitii the bark of sn old pine tree. On each 
■ide are utoolii for reoeiving the Imperial Insignia of tlie nword 
ami jevelfi. Tlie uteps leading down to Uie court number H.tlist 
being ilie number of grades into which the olBcials were divided. 

TluMe liigW titan tlie nid grade, being entitled to ascend tite 
stairway, were called Teni^hito ^person asnstiding to tlie Iiall\ while 
the others wars Jigs (down on tlie grounds To the left of ilie steps 
is tlie cherry tree called 8skon'no4)skurs. In tlie anginal Palaoe 
the Emperor Kwammu plantrd a plum tree ; but when it died tlie 
Emperor Nimmyo tet out instead a olierry tree. On tlte otiisr sids 
is tJie inu>n.no.Tscliibana, a wiM orange tree. Tlie names of 
fkkon and Tkon were derived from tlie oiBces of areliert and 
horsemen who were aiwiently posteil in these }«isitions. 

Kofotk^ This, which is reached by pasaing tfaroag,U a oim&iai tii&> 



80 

led Bodai, ii the plaoe where the Emperor granted interviewe to 
feudal loids and to other nobles whoie i-ank was higher than the 
6th gride. There are three rooms called Jodan, Chndan, and Oedan 
(Upper, Middle, and Lower Steps). Tlie higliest is the Emperor's 
sitting-room. The struoture of Uie ceiling is called Oriage4MJo, 
The adornments of the slides surrounding the three rooms are of 
the twelve months of the year, there being tliree pictures for each 
month. Those in the Upper Boom were painted hy Kano 
Eigaku: those of the Middle, ly Tsuruzawa Tan^hin; and those of 
the Lower, ty Katsuyama Tskubun, The garden of the Kogoeho is 
beautifully laid out with dusters of trees, a pond, a stream of dear 
water^ a small waterfall, and curious trees. 
Ogahmnonjo, This is the Imperial Study. There are six rooms, 
three as in the preceding hall being named Jodan, Ohiodan, and 
Oedan; wliile tlie otliers are named from the decorations. Tlie 
piotures in Kari-no4na represent wild geese by Kislii Benzan; in tlie 
Kiku-no-ma^ Chiysanthemums ly Olcamoto Bukeliiko; in the 
Yamabuki-no-ma, the Keiria Japonica by Marnyama Outsu. The 
Jodan, Olindan, and Oedan rooms have pictures of Chinese sages 
as follows: — ^the T5yeishu ly Kano Eitoku, the Bantei ly Oantai, 
and tlie Oaku-yo-io by Haia Zaishd. 

Slnine^cten (Usual Besidenoe). This from the 13th century has 
been, as its name impUes, the customary abode of tlie 
Emperors. The two rooms near the south-east enti-anoe were tlie 
upper and lower rooms of wliat was known as tlie Obo tufJuki, 
Adjoining, on tlio north side, is Idii-uo-ma (First Buom) whidi 
was His Majobty's ordinary sitting-room. Tlien came tlie Ni-no- 
ma (Boom No. 2.), San-no-ma (ard Boom), and Tsugi-uo-ma (Next 
Boom), which were occupied ly the female attendants; the two 
Buooeeding rooms called Moshi-no-kuchi (Opening for Speedi) were 
where those having business with the Emperor stated it to the 
court ladies for transmission to him. 

On the south and fadng to the west, was where audience was 
given to tlie Imperial Family. It is divided into Jodan, Clindan, and 
Oedan (Upper, Middle, and Lower Step8> Beyond tlie first is the 
Jodan, also called Kenji-no-ma (Sword-Jewel-Boom), because in it 
were kept two of tlie three sacred insignia, the Swoid and Jewel In 
the centre of this suite of apartments are the Kiyonoma and the 
bedroom of the Emperor. The latter is surrounded by other apart- 
ments, so that no one without the knowledge of the imm ed ia te 
attendants coned have i^pproached the Emperor. The decorations 



81 

AT iImm Aiiirtiiieiiti mra ptinted by tli« following fsmoof vriblK— 
in U|i|«r cduMMiJiIki, PioUm of Wakftnoom I7 Nakajinui BaitliS; 
iu iM^wn (IkfiXMliiki, Conntrjr naonorr/ Igr 8Uinkaw» Bmuin; ia 
Irliinnmn, eiglit iriowR of Nairn Iff K%no ISi^ilni; in Ninom^ 
WifttrH* ami IVmr (In this room wan plaoad ilie ooOln of ft daad 
Rmpnor aol aflor moli ttm it wan eiMtoraarjr to ohaogi Um daoon^ 
tion): in San-^io-ma, Seaaiila fljonery hj llaniyMna Oritan: in 
Ttngi-no-ma, Rit«r U}i fagr Njgamwa Rolio; in the aaalam Moahim^ 
knrlii. Bear and Rivor, by Kinhi Ranian; in ilia wenlam lloahim^ 
knclii, lliinkay and rine-Um Igr Nakaaliinia Kwagro; in Jodan, Kiri, 
Btmboo, and Phoenii by Kann Eigakn : in CbBdan, Tain ( a Chinaaa 
Emparor) by Trnimiaim Taaaliin; in Gadaa, Koao (a Cliinaaa Sow 
famr) \iy Zada Sliiginari. 

<>-mi-ma (TlirBe Hnnormble Roonui). Hera on featal dajra tha 
Coiitt iifilik*! wore eiilniJunixL Tlia rooma wme also dintingiiiiilied 
aa Jijdtii, Clmiian, and Galin. ■ In Ji3<Uii i« a piotnra of Naw Taara 
CotigraitiUtiaiM by Bnraijroilii Hiroiniira. Hm piotore of iha Aoi 
t>«tival in Ciiadui in by Kotnai Korei, antl ill it in (lajan of ilia 
prp««*fiUiioii (if iKTfmi ii> the Kmp?ror in by (}An<«i. Ntirth of 
<>-mi-tiui at« two ro(im« rallrd Ook<iii-iio-ma* Here aie ]ioiarea of 
A:«iklii>atiu by V<iko)-atna Rniki, aiiil of T^kao by Yokohama Kvakat 

Vt«iir>tfi are fii>t allanoil to >iNit ilie atlier bnikliiig*^ wliieh 
ar^ f'lr ilie Em|K^nr'ii private ii*<». Among tlieve it ilia 
(••4y Mien or I*a!aoe for Kn}<iying the (*ool Air. 'fliiii farea ilia aari, 
atkl ltA« fl\e roomR. The ganlen in front of iliaMe aparinienia ia 
very laniitifii!. (leinliunifeii ^I^alaoe of Welcoming Bpring) liaii ihrea 
fMim*. It roniAinji a fiiiA pirtnre Ity Kmhi Ilenxan repreoeniiiig 
many antmaU anil pUiniH. (Mio«et«n, jii^t beyoiitl, i« ronf^tmcied in 
th«* fttvie lif a hotiM* for ceremonial tca^lnnking. I*ietnrea by (Kla 
Kninen r>*|fie«4>nt f)>e fnvnee in mid Riiminer an follown: — ac«ick at 
(liwn, mmnitig gbiry in morning, plum fniit at mithlay, lni« at 
et^niiig, '^frintirmnt finhing ai nigliL llHutdeii tlie almve bnildingi 
Uirre were fmnierly palai>e« for the Rmprew, Hmpiew l>o«a(^, 
prni'T*, and pnnneiiiie«; beftidni nilirr IniiMingR. Tliofie lia^a been 
de«trnyeil or removed. 

Stnto Ootho, ponih^eani nf ilie |m|M^ial IHilaiw wan built by ilia 
T«J[ii|niwa Sh'igvmii for the iim* of the ei-Rmponvr^ Tlie larpe and 
l««titifnl iMiilding* were iliviileil into S^nt>i anil {^'nija, ilie fiw-mar 
Iring for th«* ei Ktn|ri»f«iM anil tlM* Iatttf*r for thetr conntvta. 
Thottgh M»%«nal timeii Imrnctd ihey were at imre lelmtH, nniil iha 
eon&igr«iinn of H64, wlien, aa iliere VM no ai-Rmperor, only iha 



1 ■ '-n rii ^_j 



82 

ftputmentB naed Igr the BrnpresaJDowacpBr were restored. Most of 
the buildings hAve now been removed, and those that remain are of 
little interest. 

The garden^ wliioh preserves something of its old appeamnoe, is 
worth visiting. It extends 1 M from east to west, and 3 d^ from 
north to south. There is a large pond witli a row of artifioial hills 
that are oovered with large trees. Bridges lead to two islands called 
Toshijima and Horaijima. From a marble lantern on one of the 
islands there is a fine view. A small bridge passes on to the artifi- 
oial hills where is another ezoellent view. Passing towards the 
north a large stone bridge is reached. In this part of the garden are 
many large rocks and aged treesi Ooing still farther and passing to 
the nortli-west above a small waterfall, one readies tlie elevations 
known as Maple Hills and Sago-palm Hill, in whose vicinity 
are many maple and olierry ^es; while to the noiili is a rioe- 
field, thoi was placed liere so tliat tliq Emperors and Kinprosfios, by 
seeing the labor of tliose who ouliivatod it, might approuiato the 
hard lot of tlie common people. Near the field is a monument to 
tlie famous poet. Kino Tsurayuki, having at its base a small 
fountain whose water runs into tlie pond. At the south end of 
the pond is tea-house called Saikwa-tei from wliich there is a view 
of tiie whole garden, with the waterfall and bridges. A Uttle 
distance to tlie nortli above the pond is a place where tlie ground is 
oovered with small round stones and planted witli cherry trees. To 
tlie left of tliis is the site of tlie former Tsuue-goton, or Ordinary 
Palace, near the place \sy which the visitor entered. 



TEMPLES AND NOTED PLACES 



The Oory$ Templet* Th«« m two Oarjo Te mph i mlM the 
Upi«r And tlie Low. The fomicr ii at th« iioiiheni«iid of the ciljr, 
vwt of TMumdii 8i It wm founded in 089. Hie mme (Tovfi 
ngniAee ** Venemble Souk.** Hera ere enalirined tlie ^irits of ei|^it 
pemooe of olden time who we noted for their flaraeneei. Hie 
Lower Ooryo ie on TvAmedii 8t, tooth of Ifemtemeehi St It wee 
founded in 863. The «une epirita ere worihiped hera eeelthe 
other ahrine. The feeti^ of tlie two templee, held on the l8th of 
llejr, ie eraonf the moet popnkr of tlie meny held in Kyotow Ihen 
ia e proceMioti wliieh inelndea tnenj antique feeinree. 

■eshilioki Temple* ^l* temple of bekkaku hmmpti nuik 
(Ree Tojnlrani Jinehe) it et Hirokdji on TBrameohi 8i Hera ie wor* 
thifwd tilt tpirit of flenj5 Sanekexu, a noble who terted the 
Unw Rmpn'ort Kokakn, Ninko, and Komei, tlie three immediate 
|ir««lron«ora of tlie preaent Emperor, 'flie temple, which ia on the 
Mt# of hi« ((irmer retiilenop, was built in I8H5. Witliin tlie groandt 
ia a mnniim^nt eiedad in memory of hia aon, Sanetomi whowaathe 
fimt i'riine Miiiiat^r in tlie Meiji era. 

Ooo Temple. '^*^ flliinto alirine of tlie bdckaku kwampei gmde 
(Am under T(r)'n)inni Jinalia) ia aitnaled on Karaaomam, Shimo- 
rlio/unarhi. TngoUier with two oilier apinia, that of Wake-no> 
Kiyomaro in liere wondiiped. Hia temple waa formerly at Jingoji 
on Taka/vyama, tlie removal luivii^ been made in 1488. Tlie Bm- 
pTMa Rliotiikn (iGfVfCO), onaooonntof lier enilmaiaatio faitli in Bud- 
dliinn, »lio«ed miicli favor to one of iia prieata named I>okyo. To 
flatter him, a pneat in tlie proTince of Cliikuien, named Aaomaro^ 
rrpntif^l at Kyoto tliat the god llacliimAn had re>ealed to him that 
tlie p«**re of ilie r4Mintry couU be mrtireil only by making DoJ^ 
tlie Kmpertw^. Kiyomaro determtiieil to «aariAce hia life if it ahoald 
i^ neceaaary in order to o|)poM tlie ambition of IVikyo. Tlie latter, 
aftrr vainly ai«king tlie deaili of Kiyomaro, at laat indored tlie 
Rm|«e«a to rule tlie patiiot to the proviiuw of 0<iimi. (>n the 
ameaaion of tlie enifirtor Konin to the throne, I>6ky«> waa atn|iped 
of hia power, while Kiyomaro waa rerelled to the l^alare wliere lie 
waa treateii with great hontir. He arr^eil tliia ami tlie aiioneeding 
Rmpeior Kwammu with anrli faitliftihime aial diligenea aa era 
■rkinn U* Ir fouikl in a niituMiT of »tAte. It waa lie who fint 
|a<ip(iM«d ii> tlie fjn|«>rtir Kwainmti the efftaMmlinient of hia oapitaJ 
at the place wlucli liea aiuce been kn4)wn aa K^t>i4». 



Sbokokuji. ^^b Bnddliist temple is also called Mamien-zan. 
It isnortli of Imadegawa S^. and east of Kaiaannuu-n St. It is oiie uf the 
five prinoipal monasteries of the Zeu sect in Kyoto, and is at Uie 
head of over fifty lirancli temples. It is situated on the site of 
Ismnoji, a famous temple of the Tendai sect, which was fonnded by 
I>enkyo Daislii. In I.HB2 tlie Shognu Ashiluiga Ydsliimitsii erected 
a temple in which he wished to make Slmuya-no-Myoin abbot 
Myoiu, feeling himself imf.t for such a position, afked his master 
^uso Koknshi to take it while lie himself took the second place. 
At that time tlie grounds contained over 50 acres, while the bnildingB 
were lai^ge and magnificent. Ten yoMn later it was destroyed by fire, 
but soon rebuilt. As narrated in the historical sketch of Kyoto, 
this temple was tlie headquarters of one army during ilie Ojin War 
of the IfiUi century. In that and snlwequent commotions it was 
rodiioed to niiiis ; so tliat, with the excoiititm of tlio main toniplo, 

all the buildings now standing are of Inter date than I7B0. The 
pesent grounds have an area of 21 acres, and on three sides are sliut 
in Ijy liamboo groves. 

Tlie principal buildings are tlie Hondo, oi* Main Hall, H4ft. by 
78ft; Hojo, the residence of the abbot, 61ft. by &lft.; Ksisando, 
or Founder's Hall, 48ft. by SGft.; and a memorial tower where are 
preserved tlie hair and teeth of the Emperor Gomizunoo (1612-1029). 
The 15 sulmrdinate buildings are for the most part used as residences 
for the priests. 

Hie chief object of worship in tlie Main Hall is the image of 
Sliaka, whidi is placed between tliose of Kayo and Anan. Tlie image 
of Damma is on a separate platform. Tlie Founder's Hall was built 
in 18U7 from the materials of an older building presented by the 
wife of tlie £lmperor Momozono. It contains an image of Muso 
Kokuslii. Before the Main Hall is a pine grove including the pond 
called Kudoku-ilce wliich is crossed by a stone bridge called Tenkai- 
kyo. 

In the eastern part of the monasteiy are a number of monuments 
erected in honor of tlie Satsuma soldiers who died in the civil war at 
tlie time of tlie Bestoration. Tlie inscription on tlie prinoipal 
monument was composed by Kaieda Moiitoki and written by 
Matsumoto Tskeo The Kyoto ycMhi of the Satsuma clan was 
just soutli of Sliokokuji, where are now the principal buildings 
of the Doshisha Schools. East of tlie monuments is a place called 
To-no4]an or Pagoda Platform wliere in 14UU tlie Emperor Gokoma- 
tsu built a seven storied pagoda 36Uft. high. It was destroyed in the 
5jin war. 



•5 

Auiong Uie ii«Miirw of tlie innple are pieturM of the gjila a n 
lUkan or DiMtpleii of Blialui by Nobntadft, B piciiirM of Shaloi by 
iaJnielra, a piotore of a iigBr hf Bokltai, eta 

8hilDO-|^mo (liower Kamo). Thii aneieiit Shinto Itmpla la 
nttiatcd in Shimo-Oamo Villa^B, }nst north of tha dty and about 
S4 mi leu from fluijo I1rid0B. Tlie place is often called TidMa, a 
name whidi in Mud to mean tlie plaoe where two ■treama unite. 
HriMv it i^ applied to thin irillacB beoauae of Uie ooming together 
h«iTe i»f Uie TUcano and Kamo river*, the temple is one of the 
twenty-two f p e a te wl Shinto ilirinea belonging to the Saparior 
Kwampri grucW, tliat in, to thoae wliioh are honored and maintained 
I7 tlie Imperial (Imemment. 

(VtiMQiig die Aoi !)ri(1|9) anil taming to tlie eaat^ one enmee in 
»i|;lit <if two liigh p<ntaln, wlimti in a idiriiio ilodioated to Uie goddoae 
TninAVfiri.liiifMv A It (Mil highway Icadu paM thin nlirine and tlien 
lntiii> 141 ilio k>fi tiiwAitUi the main toiiiplo. On lioth lidea of tliis 
tittitl Aie luii'Jent («Ji, pitM*, nuiple, snd a^-ptotnctia whidi gite a 
«^lr«>riM> pIukIb in nunmier. Two i^ireara* mn parallel with tlie 
rA0.1 ; tlmi to tli« caf^t being ciilW>d lanmiJuiwe, end tlie 
otiirr Rrmi.no.opiwiL On the we^t bank of ilie latter is a oonrw 
for 1iriT«e.nuipii wliirli Arc 1i(*1<I in Mny of rerh ymr. At tlie end of 
tli^ nifce-comfw in a Ur(;f wooden pfntal over tlie road tliat leads on 
to ilic firinripal bniklinpi. TliG eaKiern nhrine in Ucdiratrd to Tkma- 
}<ifi.liini«*ni>.Mi)(oto: sml ilir «c»iem to Tskeifninnmi-no-Mikoto. 

Ihr clsir of tlie Kamo Tomple in not well kuowiv Some books 
»tate iliflt ihf trmple wm repairevl in 01 RC, thns making it antedste 
tliat \^sr. Other lookn ray that the temple was flrvt boilt in 676 
A.|>. Apiinirt tlie letter dafe it in nr|:ed that by that time tlie old 
mtf^Ui'Mi nf tlistching with reeds which is fonnd in this temple had 
Iren sl«nrionf«t Tlie Km|icror Ooichijo (10171036) ordered tliat, 
like the t«>nip)e in Iw, this nlioiild lie rebnilt erery twenty year*. 
TTH»ri\iI rii>iiir)«nreff of snheeqnent limes canned tl lis rule to be 
divr^gftnleiL Tlie prenent buiklingn date from 1873 and thus hare 
slreaily |«Med oonniclembly Iwyond tlie proper limit Hie two 
ftlinne* sre eerli 3:,ft liy lOift, Formerly tlie grounds 
morh more ettenaive; including 74 anes instead of the 39 
of tlie present time. Titere are about 90 subordinate shrii 
Among oilier interesting Isiiklingii sttached to tlie temple are plat* 
forma for kn^tn sml no, t«osn«Ment f(«rm« of dsncing ami dramatic 
l^rfontisiMca; s liiiikliit|{ n\er tlie fttreain for the uae of tlie person 
who reads tlie ritual, storehonsea for ancient documenta^ ele. Da- 



86 

tween the buildingi aro many andent trees snoh as ohenry, plain, 
andmi^le. 

An interesting oexemony called miiarashi is perfonned in the latter 
part of the SDnuner. It confiisis in washing tlie hands in the 
dear, cold water iliat issues from tlie temple grounds. Sometimes 
people immerse the whole body. 'Jliis ceremony, like similar rites 
performed in other lands, symbolizes purification from dn. 

To the left of the portal is tlie Baui-no-kL Formerly two 
branches issuing from adjacent trees were so perfectly combined as 
to seem like one. Hence the place was much frequented by women 
who prayed that between iliem and their husbands tliere might be 
the perfect harmony which was symbolized by the union of these 
trees. Unfortunately one of the brandies witliered so tliat the bond 
is now broken. As tlie trees still live, one can not but be reminded 
now of tlie divorces which so often sever the marriage bond. A 
small shrine at the west end and inside of the corridor eitending 
from tlio gateway is called Jliktuji sluriiie. Tlie lUawji is a kind of 
holly, and it is believed tliat other kinds of trees, if planted here, 

will gradually develop spines tliat resemble those of the hUroffL 
Several shrubs undergoing the process of transformation are shown. 

The Mikage and tlie Kamo Festivals are tlie most important of 
those observed at this temple. The former occurs on the 12th of 
MAy when tlie sacred dirine makes a journey to the Mikage Temple 
at the western base of Mt. Hiei. Usually it returns on the same 
day. Tlie Kamo Festival occurs on tlie 15tli of May. It is also 
called ilie Aoi Festival, as those taking part in it nx6 decorated wiUi 
the loaves of the uui, a s^iooiuH of holly liouk. A prooossiou sfciuiiiig 
from tlie Imperial l*alace includes a high official who represouts 
the Elmperor, and the old and clumsy bullock-car in which the 
Emperors formerly rode; while many of the people are dressed in 
antique costumes sudi as can seldom be seen at other times. 
Festivals formerly held in April and November liave now been dis- 
continued. 

Among vaiious legends connected with tliis temple the following 
is a cliaracteristic Shinto tale. Tamayori-hime, the goildoss wor- 
shiped at this temple, was one day playing on tlie brink of tlie Semi- 
no-ogawa when she saw floating towards her an arrow painted red 
and vringed with the feather of a duck (hotmo). She took it home 
with her placing it beside her couch. Soon after she gave birth to 
her son; and her parents, disbelieving her assertions of innocence, 
charged her with guilty conduct When the child was a few years 



87 



old, hit ptmUMhrn^ Tdnlmiraiiii.iuvlfiJcolo, dtttnniiwd lodii 
wliA «M Um fMhcr. TIm pMvpte of tlio iridiiity nort inriled to ft 
tarnqnoi dnritis wliiHi a toUot wm pUoed in tiia boj*i lumd* with 
iMiorliomi to enny it lo hia own failier. Um ohiU fmn out from IIm 
hntMs fiiiit pUuvil |1m eiip t«fnro Um mtow wliioli hia mnllMr had 
tlirml into the roof. Tli«n looking iowardbi tiie nicy and offering 
a ftajv, lie WM InuMf ofRMd into a tliondsr-boK and MoenM to 
h«ftT«n whithor hit mother followed him. This tliander-god Is 
Wekeikunidii.no-Mikoto worahipeil «t tlie KauigAmo Temple. 

Oinkaknji, whoee proper mune is Jislioji, is sitosted in Jodoji- 
meehi, at Um \mm of iMimonji Mi, sod s little oter S miles from 
Huijo llridgs. It WAS foondeil by Mimo Kakashi, sod is suboidinsle 
to Rill Jmknji, s temple of Um Zen sect In 1470, wiMn Um Shugnn, 
iUliiks^ YosliimAHSi, retired from oflloe, 1m bnitt s eouiitry hoosiL 
Bring m^le in imitation of Kinkskn, or Um Clolden Fstilinn, on the 
oUier Riil^ of Um eitj, it wss named Oinkakn, or Silver PsTiUon. 
Um garden, which is of mnaller proportions Uisn that of Rinkskn, 
wss plantM)d \pf Rusmi, a famoiui teaolMr of Um tes^oeremonies. 
Many of tlie roi'Jui wvre prenenied \ty tlM dauH^ln nt tliat time. 
T1m> Fjiiitf'Kq' ()<itKncliiiiiikiMlo, who favor«Nt Yonhimana wiUi a tisiti 
lipftt«i««'«l ii|Hin tli«* Um \illa Um naiii(» of Higafilii-yaina I^la^w. 

'I1m> |«iim*i|«1 iKiikliiig '^^ii^ y*y -Mft, fa*tng Um lumUi, was erestsd 
in i)te K«ari«4tt porinil (1 lOOllG.'i). Tho chief imtge is BlukA 
mMoil 1^ .liM'liii. Tlio itirtiirrn on Um uliiling m^mo aio all 1^ 
lluMoii, ('|ir|ii Ui'*<« in iiio ft(iiiUi-oA»>UMti loom whirh wrto j^intod 
hf Taipiil«i. Tlw* pAiiitiiign on the »uijiin ^iir a7]*totnoria doors) sie 
hy K>»hi IliinOiin. 

T«ikyiiil'i, 31ft Nqnani, was built in 1179. Hn« Yo«liimsse stndied 
th«» HofldlitKt nrriptftrm snd trminftl him«rU in tiM diwipHns of the 
7if»n Aect. T1h» rhi«*f imsgf» is of Ami«la, hot in the n»nier of the 
hnilfling i<i sn imaffs of YovhinuMa mr^-^l hy himsnlf. A small 
rn« iRi, 9ft «qiiar^, in tiM north -eant rorn(*r wan for the tee esremony, 
ami !■ Mid tit hav« Iren Um» original moilel for stirh rooms. The 
piriiiTM of two of Um prrr<*n« on Um Month side of the room were 
I«intft1 \j MarnTsma (%yo : Uioss on f onr others and on Um waIIs 
ate bjr Il<igrn Ksno Motonobn. 

In Um garden befrre Um principal boiUing is a monnd of white 
■md piled np in a peealiar shape. II is eallod Clinsha Nsda and wee 
■ssd br YoshimsMi for snnM of his enti^rtAinments. Another 
moand of ooniral «hape with a flat top in Um Kiigstan^dai, or Moon 
riaUfvrm, wImto Yn«hinMse wit to watrli tiM moon as it 
ow Uieeeslem hills. Sooth of this U Um famoosGinlyJm, f4ft» 



Iff Idfi' It was Yoaliimaaa's plan to have this ooverad with silver- 
leaf ; but his death provented its oompletion. In the seoond story is 
an image of Kwannon. Ihe pond in front, called Kyoko-ike, is 
crossed Iry four bridges. The miniataie waterfall on the south-east 
is called Sengetsu-sen, or Moon-washing Fountain; and similar 
poetical names are given to tlie bridges, mounds, trees, Su. Hie 
rocks are named eitlier after the dtumjBs who presented them ; or 
according to their peculiar sliapes; as Redlining Ox Rock, Aa 
After going tlirough the buildings and gardens, the visitor is oondu- 
cted to a tea-room, in oider that he may be given tea and cake. 

Hig^ashi-yamai <^ Eastern Mountains, is the name given to 
the range of liills to the east of the city. Old poems speak of their 
86 peaks, though it is not certain just what ones were seleoted for 
enumeration. On the lower slopes of tliese mountains are situated 
many of the most noted places oi Kyoto. Tlie names of the 
most important, commencing at the noiih, are as follows : — (Ha- 
kaknji, Niakoji, Eikwaiido, Nauzenji, Biwa Oaiial, Gliiou-in, Yasaka 
Temple, Marnyama Park, Higashi Otiui, Kodaijt, Kiyoinizu, Nislii 

5tani, Daibutsn, Sanjusangendo, Tsntenkyo, and Inari. 

Shishigatani ^b tlie name applied to the slope of a hill } mile 
north of Niakoji. At the foot is foaud a temple calleil Reikanji 
where is euslu-ined a stone image of Fiido. Tlie temple is some- 
times called tliQ Reikanji Palace besanse it was foumled by the 
motlier of Prince Oionen. A short distauue up the hill ai« two 
more temples called Jnren-zan Aiu-oknji, ami Zenkt-zan Mammujl. 
Tlie latter contains relics of the priest Ilonoiu 

DaDg^Og^atani, or the Vale of Sem^t Consultation, was the 
villa in the I2th centuiy of Shunkwan, a priest of the temple Hos- 
shoji. The Taira family, with Kiyomori at its head, being then at 
the height, of its power, this priest held several meetings here with 
some of his intimate friends to plan for the overthrow of the 
tyrant. Tlie plot liaving been made known by some traitor, Sliun- 
kwan and his confederates were banished to an island off the coast 
of Satsuma. There is now nothing but a le^'el piece of ground to 
indicate the site of tlie villa. 

Nioig^take. ^ ^^^ name of the hill above Shishigatani, and 
is more commonly known as Daimonji-yama or Dainoji-yama, 
both of tliese names signifying ** Hill of the Cliinese Character Dai 
(i^y* It is said tliat when the temple of Jodoji was burned, its 
chief image flew of itself to this hill where its presence was made 
evident bjy a bright light which it emitted. In memory of tliis event 



ft flw «M anniuUly United in tliis piMe. XSbo Daithl momd ft 
Mrifls of pita lo bs dng in todi ft wiqr Uiftt fixw li^iM in iham 
nniM to f onn ilM elMmeter ** Dm/' AftorwaidB Um iMrmsU m «■« 
fttendniMd until in ilie miditle of Uie loUi Mniory the SliSgnn 
TonliimMft ordemi liiii viMftl ToAliiyalUmon and Yokagi«r% ft friftii 
of Stmknlrajl to agftin prepftra ilie eieiitaiionL On ihft ni^l of 
Ang. ictli tlio bmiilvwood piled np in tlM pita in ligliloit 

The Romon Waterfall >« on tlM Niniflatako Hill, a liillo ftbot* 
Danf^Tipitani. Tlie name, whioh Mgiiiflen ** Portal,*' «aa deriTed I^mb 
Am liigh arelied pita iliai in ansieni iiinos utooil nev by. Hm foil, 
vliich in ahoiii 00 ft higli, is tliooglii lo vBHemblt a long aliatl of 
white eloih hnng ont to diy 

Viakoji, at the foot of tho Niakoji Hill ia the aite of ft ttilnlS 
dirina wlioM gronndt wm% formerly celebrated for tlieir dieny traaa 
an tliey nnm are for tlw maple«tliat grow time. Fnrmely then verft 
lar^ ami costly hiiiklingR ; but during tlie (5jin War in the l6lh 
century the temple waa made a garrison of (lie Eactem Army aid 
•n •iifT«*iod much injury. The place in Ktill made attractive Iff the 
eitaiuite iptftlenff. Many rodw ittaniling ont from the rt eep faee of 
tlie hill ailil tn the pictnreaquenew n( the pathwaya ami oaoae the 
vairni tn mH^ct in a pond whetptn Rwim car]> ami gitid ftah. Thft 
pnikl i« called ()ifiknkyr»chi, fir Tond of the (TryiiUl Miftor. On t1i6 
hill «Tf> many rhrny, plnm, and mapl^ trM»P, while in tlie ppnng ita 
plfipofl ai<t mailo Irilliant by tlie n^l axaleaM. In a romantic goifi 
tlM^r^ i« a watirfall almnt V) ft hich. Tline are meral tea-honaaa 
fnr tli# me nf irinitm*. A nt^ep pithvay l^td^ up tlie hill to th^ 
(lirintian «vtiirU*ry mw^l hy Uith JepAiM»*« ainl fiveigneni. Hera ia 
tlie grav^ nf I>r. J.H. Nemima, th«» ffinr>W nf the !>iMihitha UniTer. 
■ity. Krfvm ili<* crnwirry ilicii* mm f\ni* vi^wn of tlie Memorial 
r»lerp, ilw« F.ihi)iit:on Hnilding", ami nihrr obJM*ta of tnlereiit. 

Ei|[fflind6. "«*vtli nf Natixenjt, i* a llollhiRt temple of tlie Jtkto 
iiprl It fiirinmK lirloiipNl to t]i«» Bliincnii nert, having l#en fonnd- 
vd \«f Hliin«li'> H*xn in the year »<f*.\. In M^l tlie Km|«^f« Reiwa 
l«f«entei| a tehlM which liaii tlie inw-ri)4tnn 'Aeminji, tlie name by 
whirh the temple wan then known: while in !4i7 the Kmperor Yoaei 
n^le it an Imii^iat temple ami rr^rtAl| ailihtional hnildinga. He- 
ginning with IVinre Kliimmyii, the thnd won of Uie Kjnpernr Iteiaei 
fHr)5_-.)-i«ii, IIm* piwiiion of ahUit wan for m\mn gpneratinni Ailed Igf 
ImfM^ial prut'*'-. In the llth criitMn, wliiW* Kikwan waa ablmti aa 
IfTMcr of Anvila wlnrh had Itf^fote Im*" in tli«» Imprrial imlare waa 
givan t«> Uie temple with diraHiom tlial it alionkl la kepi with 



wUt 



90 

spedal cave. Hie imaga is Btill pireaerved in a dirine on the main 
altar. It is known as the "Mi-kaeri no Amida," or the *'Amida 
Looking Backward," beoause its head is turned towards tlie left 
Tliis peculiar position is accounted for by the legend tliat Eikwan, 
while engaged one day in his devotions, heard some one oalling his 
name ; and on looking up saw that the statue luid turue:! its fa^e 
towaaid him. Eikwan's image is now placed upon the altar in such 
a position that the eyes of Amida still seem to be fixed upon him. 

Under Shohen, the loUi abbot, tlie temple was handed over to 
Genkii, the founder of the Jodo sest. In 1572 it was made by 
order of tlie Emperor Okimashi a college for the education of priests. 
Dui'iug the Ojiu war of the I5th ceutuiy, all the buildings were 
burned. Tliey wei^e rebuilt in 1497 by the Blmperor Gotsudliimikado, 
and in tlie beginning of the I6th century the chief priest's re- 
sidence and otlier buildings were added by the Empei'or (hikashiwa- 
bara. 

Hie grounds iuoludo 4 acres. Tlie main temple aiul Soshido ate 
on the side of the mountain, while the other biiiUUngs ait) at its 
foot. West of the Hojo, or abbot's residence, is a pond called Hojo- 
ike, liaving an island with a sluine to Benzaiten. The temple is 
famous for its lotus ilowers in summer, and tlie maple leaves in 
autumn. 

Tlie main temple, CI ft. by 42 ft., containing an image of Amida, 
was formerly in OHoka, whence it was brought by Toyotomi Hido- 
yoslii. Sosiiido, which was rabuilt in 1497, contains tlie statues of 
Zendo Daishi, Eiiko Daislii, and Seizan Shonin. Tlie l)ell-tower and 
shrine of the fouiuler of the temple ai-e south of the main build- 
ing. 

Hojd, also called Shakado from tlie image of ShaJca it contains, is 
60 ft. by 45 ft. Tlie iloor of tlie large front room is made from 
boards of the mulbeiiy tree. The picture of waves dasliing against 
rocks was painted by Kauo Motonobu. 

Kwangakuin, 42 ft by !I9 ft., is tlie hall for the training of the 
priests. It was rebuilt in 1823. 

Among the troasiu'es of the temple are pictures of Sliaka ly 
Shika, a Chinese artist of the To dynasty; and a picture of Amida 
by Eshin which is considered the best work of that celebrated artist 
and priest. 

Nanzenji. Tliis Buddhist building, also called Zuiryo-zan, is 
on tlie east side of Hiromiolii, Sanjo. It is one of tlie five chief 
monasteries of the Zen sect, and rules 673 subordinate temples. Tlie 
grounds are covered with beautiful old pine ti'ees whidi aid in 
making them attractive to visitors. 



91 

Akml 1S8Q, IIm •s-RDiptror KMrntytan^ took ihit rite for ft rMUU 
; Hat it ii mUI thai aoou after it proTed to bt hMnteil hf tmtinl 
•pparilioiiii. Iljr Hm n-Kmperor't orAan a famous priopi of Nans 
najiMrl Kiaon, movad to tlio palaoa and attempted to aioraiaa tha 
avil apirit^. HU eSnti* proving vain, Mnkwan, tlia abbot of TBfo- 
knji, w.tli twenty prieala parfnrmod tlia oaramonj of wmen in wliioh 
tlwy Mt for a long time in raltgioaa maditetion. Tlia apparition at 
once (lapaitad, and tha Emperor, oonviuoad of tlia merite of the Zan 
met, bailt tlia temple in lifis, making Mokwan ite abbot. In tlia 
Ojin war of tlia lOUi eantmy tliia, like eo many otiiar templaa, vaa 
boinad ; bnt aubaaqnently labnilt 
TIm Simmon or Main Oate faoaa tha want and ie 08ft Igr 84fl 
ltd ^teimjr i* called Teukarjrii.mon. In tlie neooud atoiy, eallad 
rifdnirii am imagee of Sliaka and hie eiiteen Diaoiplea. Tlia pM in 
wliioli tlie fammie robber, Inlitluwa Uoeman, ie eaid to liave hid 
vae liiiriied in tlie 5jin peri ml. Tlie iitone lantern ornamented witli 
diagrmt ie noted far it* «iae, lieiiig over 2 ift liiglu Anotlier 
eiATtly like it ie in tlie AUute temple in Uie proTiuse of OwarL 
'Hie kH^leisa planU of Uuk temple are noted for Uie Ivauty of thair 

bloKIWifll*. 

TIiG llittAiiilcn* or HmklliA Hall, on tlie eAut of Rimtnon, faoee tlia 
mo%i. It in Trift. ht 0''ft., tiikl wA/t irlmilt by llidoyori in 10 )0. It onn 
taiiv* statno^of RluOui, l'*n(^ii, aihl Mnnjn. The pirture of adiagon on 
tlie crilit^; wiu |«iiitA<l \ty Kino HmMttHii. r<ihfiifi|{ t'lrongli a pmdi 
Ar«l ft«<Tikltii|; a lliplit of fct^pf*, tlio Ur(;i» moiiafttrr>-, cvr l>ai lloji) ie 
rmrlieil. It in mikI to liave laH»n tlu* HtMryofleii in oiio of tlia 
Imperial l^alatv^ wliirli wm r<iiu>triirt4«l Ivy Toyotitnit Hiiley<Mlii. 
Till", t<>(Til»«*r filth ilie pit«» called Karm-mon whiHi wa« formerly 
tlif eautern |>aiUl ••( tli«* Iini«*riil IHiU'V, wA^gi>en to tiit* moni^t^ry 
h\ ilw» Fjn|tf»ior (Iiiyix«M. TIw* liall, whirli fane* tlw* MMith, in Olft. 
bnr 43ft. Th«» hiuU aikl llivvem in i\y* Yanifp.no m\ or Willow 
Rof»in, wrie paininl \iy Kano Mot<iniihn ; tlie UnU, tlovrens and men 
III tlie Hipulii-ii'wma, ai« well an pirtiiten of Magen anil tlie 31 Obedi* 
ent diildien in 4>hirn-no.ina, liy Kano Kit Jin. T1ii« but room liae a 
elitine 111 wfiirh in an iiiiii(-e ;ift. hi|:h of Kwaiixeon. The Nteli •nOb 
ma lian pii*tiiTee of Uifbi aikl flowem K Kano K^tiikn, while 
Ukmw of liird« in tlie Twiini-nivma, tir Crane ltiH»in, were |«iinted 
hy Kano Mot4inoli(i. Tliree Rrmmii ralW^I from tlieir ilemtatintia 
Trf% no-ma, or Tiirr Roi>m«, liA%e jAintinpt hy Kan<» Taii.q. Among 
tliem tliat f>f a tiger drinking ftf>m a Uook in tlie miwt famnniL 
Tlie room witli a pirtnre of a water.fall jiaintftl hy Kano MfUonoba 
vaa fc« the n« of tha Emperor. Connected with tlie liall ie a 

• miw^0w-y-Uwm vrttt*^ tM«li«lliltna vM a»i n i | e< hj nnim Jmntmff. 



famonB gyutlen planned bjy Kobori Enshu which reproaents a tiger 

with her young passing over a brook. 

On the east is another hall which was bronght from the Momojrama 

Palace in Fushimi, having been presented to tlie temple by tlie 

Tokogawa family. Nanzenin is at the foot of a hill called Yoka- 

knrei. In the liall was placed a picture of the Empei'or Kameyama 

and one of his bones was preserved as a relic. 

Tlie waterfall called Komagatoki is by tUo hill Dokoslmho about 

^ of a mile distant. In olden times all the nobles had villas in the 

neighborhood. 
Konchiin is south of tlie pond mentioned as being in front of 

Sammon. The main building was bronght from Momoyama Palace in 

Fashimi daring the Keicho period (loOC-lOl-i). It has a noted room 

called Kiku-no-ma, or Ohiysanthemum Room, so called fi*om tlie 

beautiful llowera painted ly Kano Yukiuobu. Tlie pictui^s of tlie 

anno and bamboo in the Bamboo Boom, and of sagos in Naka-uo-ma, 

or Middle Boom, were painted by Kano Naouobii. In the slirine of 

the latter room is a statue of Jizo carved by Unkei. The picture of 

pine, plum, and bamboo in the Kami-no-ma, oi- Upper Boom, was 

painted by Kano Tanyu. Tlie gaixleu called Tsiu-uJuune, or tlie Crane 

and Tortoise was designed by Kobori Eusliu. In the west part is a 

small building called Kaisando, while in the east is a pond, and 

higlier up on the hill is a sluine of lyeyasu. In what is known as 

Shoin iXwte is a oelolrated room known as tlie Boom of Kight 

Windows, wliich is intended for the tea coramouial. 

Among tlie traaswes of the temple are pictures of mountain scenery 

painted by Kiso Kotei ; and also a lauiHaajie and tliu portmit of a 

Ghinese Emperor, both painted by Cho Dousu. 

Tlie brick arches seen in tho eastern part of the grounds belonj to 

an aquednoi connected with the Biwa Canal. 

The Tomb of Prince Takanaga is in the midst of a 

field a little south of the entrance to Eikwandd Temple. Prince 
Takanaga, the eldest son of the Emperor Godaigo died in 1337 at 
tlie castle of Kanegasaki in tlie province of Euliizen,but his head was 
sent to Kyoto for entombmont 

Okazaki, or Hill Cape, owes its name to its position as related to 
the hill called Kagiira-oka on tlie north. It is a quiet place whore 
many wealthy people have erected their counti-y villas. A part of 
it has been taken for tlie grounds of the National Exhibition. The 
fanners of Okazaki have given especial attention to maiket gardening, 
their skill enabling them to produce vegetables at an unusually eai-ly 
season. The enormous radishes grown here often weigh 6 or 7 



98 



poandR apiaoe ; and Inmipii m lirgi m anuui'iiliead ftre mobh 

•d bgr tiie peopla of Kyoto. FVom ilia ladialiM It pnpirad a duh 

oUM/nrofKb, ftsid from tlie iiimiiM a pioUt oUM fihuiwni iiih 

The Honta of the Poet BiuhS. Xhit ii alM «iiM from 

ftimtlier name of tlie poet tlie Honae of FBra. It ia nortli-iMl of 
tlio lliklilliiiit Iritipto Ilonkoju One of llaalio'a pniilla, mmad 
InriiilMi (ntinakiiiiiii, alwi Hveil Ime ; aa dtil alao, at tlia doaa of tlit 
Idtli century, anotlier poet of the Mme aohool, nunad Ghomii 
(loaliuan. 

Klirodani, ^^n called Konkai Kumioji, it aitoaled in tba north- 
eai4 part of OkanU. It ia one of tlie prinoipal templea of tba Jodo 
Met, afhl waa fonndeil by Honen Shunin, othenriae known aa Bakd 
|iai«lii. ^^1lile oonnecleil with tiie T^nkii met lie liad been a prieil 
ill tin Kiirnibini, or llfaurk Valloy, »f Ml fliol K«ir tliia nMamn tiM 
pn>#eiit tomph* in often mllcil the Mow Ktirodanl 'Hie gronndaliava 
an arra of 8 1 ) acrra. 

T1h» gale calloil Hanimon, wliidi in 7 aft higli, Rtanilii in a grote of 
pirn* trera. It» tipper ^tory lian inia^n of FQiaka and (lie Sixteen 
Iiiartpleii. TIk present gate waa built in lri60 to rvplaoe one tliat 
bed l«^n biirneiL 

A (liKlit of Kt4»|M IcacUi to Uie Fnnniler'ii Hall which Iiaa ako been 
dc«tr(n<Nl )ty fire four ttmcti ; tlic |«i>fcnt cilifkv dating from near 
tlie l^^nniiig of the |««*fviit cpntitTv. 'Hie princt|ial image ia of 
Kiilci l>ai»lii, rar%r<| liy hitn«clf wIicti, nt tlie a|«e of 76, he waa an 
ciile in Uic fcovi nre of Hannki. 'flic picture of Reinlii Ikwatan on 
the iMAfd At tliA )*rk of tho altar in mlicd ifnppo Shiimrm^ meaning 
"Front ticw from eight t^U\pn *• Itf^raMM* ticcmiiig to fare tlie behoU- 
er from whatorr plaro it i« vipwfwt The pirtnre of pine lfce« on 
tlie gilt wrreeii in Uie Onari-iifv-ma t»f the prie«li' a|iartineiit», and 
that rif A nucaile are In* KuUtta Ilei«rn, an artist utill lining. Hie 
»tatne of AinitU in the Hudillui Kiwun wan rar^<«l hy tlie |irieit 
P^hin 

IW the ftiile of the lotiuuptinil in frf*iit of the Rmall lloj<» waa tlw 
hilt built In Ktiki> iHiiklii wlirn he fri.t ranie from Mt lliei. It in 
Mill that the iioinl wiirrior Kmnairu Nattjaiie umsI t«» come here ti» 
cviinerM» Witli the |trieiit ii|Min the <»anity of all eartlily things, 
linrini; the runtematiou he woiikl fliaqien hi* iiwiwd upon one of 
tlie »toiMMi 111 the gaiilen. A pine tree i« known an )'<vi>i4atr-ifMf*«, 
or riiM* itii «li rh Ariiuir ia Hung, ltf>rAnMt Naoxane, after tliewingiii- 
Muy )«iilcof lihiiKitAiii eanie to tlie temple and placid Uie battered 
amor on tliu tree aa he aipieMed bin deeiie to Iweome a monlL 



94 

TIm ilory ofNAoitnno la iliiw told by ))r. Qrinin in "Tho Mikwloli Kiiiplru'*:— 
**At tlM wkofKo or IcliliioUiil, A ranioiis oaptalii, iiniii«!d NafNfiaiKs, wl)o fbuglit under 
tlw while flog, while lu caiup ouo day liivuiltiic Uiu Tulra loroee, mw a buei up- 
pnuch Ihe beodi fVouiliig tiM Ant. Hliortly nfuur. n T^lmeitldler rmle oui of tlie 
eH«tte*giite liiU* the wavee ti* eiiibark. Nouxuno mw, by Uki epleiidld orlniHiiu 
anuor ftiid golddii Ih*I lucti of the ridar, that lie wn* ft Tiilr.i iMtble. Ilere wiie a prixe 
luditd. tlu capturx} of whUii would make th'j Kuanto ca|>taiii a geiteral. Naiis uie 
tliuuderud oui the oluilluuyo : 1K> uiy eyue d(fCL*lvo ino r In Iiu n Talra lender; and 
Itf he audi a coward ihut lie ebowa lila back to the eye of lila encmyT OtNiie bock 
And rtghtf' The rider wua indeed a Tolra noble, young Ataumorl, only aixteen 
yeftra of Age. of high And gimtle birth, And had b jcn reared in the palace. Naoiane 
WAS A bronxvd veteran of forty yeAra. Both charged eech other on bombock, .with 
ewords drawn. After a few poana. Naosane flung away hla sword, and,' unAOBed, 
rushed to graap hia (be. Not yet to be outdone lu gallantry, Atauinori did Ihe 
same. Both dliich«d while in the faddle, and fell to the sand, the old oouipalgner 
nppemMMt He tore off iha golden heluiet, and. to his Ainasemont. saw the pAle, 
smooth ftioe and noble mien or a noble boy that looked Just like his own belored 
son or the saiue age. The ftilher was more than the soldier. The victor trembled 
with emotion. 'How wretchvd the l^e or a warrior to luve to kill such a lovely 
boyi How miseralde will thon parents be who find their darting In an eneiny^ 
hand I Wretched me, that I thought to dcatroy this life ror the soke oT a re«'ard I, 
He then resolved to let his enemy go eecrelly uwuy. and make his cet-Ape. At tliat 
moment a loud voice sliuuled anxrily, 'Maoxane Is doublrlieiirlixl; he captures an 
enemy, and Ihun thinks Ui let lilui cmuaimi.' TIiiin oompelltvl , Nnoxuue 8teuU<d his 
heart, took up hb swonl, and cut ufT AteuiHorl'M hoHd. Ho cirricd tlie bluudy 
tiuphy to Yoidiltaune. and, while all stood odniliing and ready to applaud, Nao- 
iane refUMed all reward, and. to tlie amnxement of his chlcr and the wliole cainp, 
beggvd leave to resign. Dollinjr helmift, anuor, and sword, he shuvvd ofThis hair 
and became a disciple of the holy lionxe Hoiieii, leanied the docirinvs or Duddlia, 
and, btonmlng pnifeuz*dly versed In the sacred lore, he resolved to spend the 
remnant or his days In a nionostery. He set outferthe Kuanto, riding with his 
Aioe to the tAil of the animal' but in the direction or puiiudiflu. ttoine one asked him 
why he ntdv tlius. He replied, 

*ln the Cluur l^ind, pcroiuuics tlioy're me reputing 

A warrior bruve, 
UeoaiMu I turn my Isurk, mniMliig, 

Fume, once so dmr." 

AinidAdo, facing towanlH tho weiit iit iHit \ry 46ft. It was biuH Iqt 
HideyoKlu with the timber left after tho ooiuttriiutiou of the DaibutHU 
Temple. The piiuoipal image, whidi is of Amida, was Uie last work 
of the priest EsliiD. Tlie instruments whidi he used in carving 
were enclosed wiiliin tlie body of the statue whidi for tliis loason 
is often called the ** Amida of the Buried Knives." The ceiling has 
the picture of a dragon painted by Denko Oslio. 

Kwannondo, to tlie south of Amidado, was by the order of the 
Qoverimieut removed hitlier in 1663 from Kagura-oka. It is tlie 
oldest building of tlie monastei'y. The image of Kwaunon was made 
by the priest Gyoki 

Tlie iiiglit of steps leading to the east brings the visitor to a crowded 
grave-yaiil tliat is situated on tlie slope of the hill and beside a pond. 
Tlie stairs go on Uirougli tliis cemetery to the Monju Pagoda, 53ft. 
higli. It was formerly at Nakayama, whence it was removed in Uie 
iCtli century. The image it contains was carved by Unkei, and is 



OM of llie tliree moi4 famont tttetnai of Monjn in Jftpttn. Vmm tn 
foor oilier ntnuiQi flgnm mliom nunm tn unknown. DMoending 
Imlf way down IIm mam lliglii of ttefw, a inrn to Um toolh laadi to 
fhudiidit wImto Enko DaUhi wan biviad. Before il are tiie ionb- 
•tone* of Naomne and AUnmori. Knma^Udo, dedfaaled lo NaoMM^ 
in near ilie pond at tlie laee of tlie liill. Among the treaemee of tha 
temple are a pietnfe and mannaortpte hf Enko Daiahl, piotoraa bj 
KoM no Kananka, and relics of Naomne. 

Shinnyodo, *^ ealled Keiahoam Shineei OokaiaknJI, waa 
foatided in 0H4 by Kaiaan Shonin. It ia on the hill noHh of Kwo- 
dani. It wan originally hniH at tlie foot of tlie hill; bat the hnniiog 
of tlie bniMing eaaaed it to be ramoved from one plaea to anoCbM- 
nntil it rearlied tlie jveiimit aita. Tlie gnronda include 11| aeraiL 

The Hondo, or Main Hall, dating from 1706, k eonatmoted of 
i<yiH wfMvl. It mea^tree (Mift. Iqr H4fi, and oontaina an image of 
Amiila, carroil I7 Jikakn Dainlii. A UlM in front of the bnilding 
liMiii^ the diamrtem nt|l1K Bhinnyodo, waa originally written Igr 
KoIm> !>ai»lii who van fafnoiw for calligrapliy aa well an for piety and 
Ifaniini;. It is Mid Utat the neconl of tlie charaetera waa imperfectly 
maf1(» enil tlnm gavA riw in the Mving ** A'«>63 mo fwk noafamtmi" 
** K>eii Kfilio inakm mif«.Uikpii witli htii pen.*' Tlie existing inecrip> 
linn in r<irrert and wan written \if Prinoe lIcHiho in li2(V. The 
•kuuftki^ fit writing made I7 tlie prince for traiiafcrenoe to tlie tablat 
in |««Nu*rvf«1 in the toniptn. 

l>ai«hii1o, mirtlinf Uh* Main Hall ia 37 ft I7 Sift and oonUina 
an tma^ of Kenio HatFlii. 

flanjiiU), or Tliree-ttcvriAl Tower, nQuth.weiit of tlie Main Hall waa 
ImiU in H17. In tlie nme direi'tinn are tlie hell-tower and the 
Sanyn Itutiiuilii; while nf»rth-weftt of tlie Main Hall are Kwannondo, 
Sentai Jibvio, etc. Tliereaie 13 minor lialto anil 4S otlier biiildingi. 
Among tlie pine tree*i are planted many maple treee which make the 
gtoiiiiilii attnii*ti\e in antninn. The trraauree of tlie temple indnda 
pirtiiire of Kiiken DonatKU hj Clio Rliikyo. 

Tothida Teranle. I" '^nt of tlie gronnde of tlie Thiid 
( ollege (or liainan KfitTi (lalJio> i« a uniall mound calM tlie "Two 
rine*.'* Here wae the oiiginal Kite of tlie YnehnU Temple which waa 
d««tro>e«l during the Ojin War in the f\fteentli ceittwy. It waa 
rebuilt at the bate of tlie low hill to tlie eaet known ae Kagvm-oka 
or Y<»liida.]ramaL Tlie former name originatftl in tlie following way. 
Wlien AiiuMenMui-'imikami, tlie Rnn^loddeee, IimI liereelf in a rn^m 
and tlie world waa thoa left withont light, the eight myriada of fodi 






ritt 



06 

and goddesses gathered before the cave aiid played upon musioal 
instraments, while one of tlieir number danoed. Tlie sound having 
penetrated to tlie interior of the cave excited the cariosity of the Sou. 
Qoddess who opened the door a little in order to peep out. Tlien 
a god named Taoliikarao seizing hold of the door throw it wide ojieu 
and the world became Ught onoe more. In later ages tlie god wor- 
sluped at Kamo and the god Kotukatsn i«peated on tliis liill tlie dance 
whioli is known by tlie name of hutfurUf and thus the liill received its 
present designation. 

The present buildings .were erected in 1648 with money presented 
by tlie Imperial Government. Hie following deities are enshrined ; 
Takemilcazuchi-no-Mikoto, Iwaiuuslii-no-Mikoto, Amenokoyane-no- 
Mikoto, and Hime-no-Kami. Tliere are four main slirines, one for 
each of these gods. They axe all small ; eadi measuring 12ft. by 
6fi, and are 13ft. high. Tliere are tliirteen subordinate shrines. 
Tlie grounds of tlio temple couipribe an area of about 7 j acros. In 
front of the main temple, near the second poiial, tliere is a small 
pond called Byutakn which is supposed to be inhabited by a dragon- 
god. To the south of the main temple is an octagonal Bhriiio 
painted vermilion, and tliatdied with reeds. It is called Saijosho 
Daigengu. In this building ai-e enshrined all the celestial and 
terrestrial divinities. Around it is a fence on which are hung many 
small tablets inscribed with the names of many of these 
deities. At the right hand is an old well called 'Tlie 
Water of Myojo." * Myojo is tlie name of a star which is said to 
have tumbled long ago into this well. 

Near tlie summit of the hill is the slirine of Takenaka Inaii. 
Tliere are many azaleas gi'owing near liere which attract people at 
the time of blossoming. In tlie fall many persons come to dig the 
mushrooms which grow abundantly on the hill. The annual 
festival of Yosliida Temple occurs on April iStli. Minor festivabi 
are held on Uie first day of eadi montlu 

To-Sanjo was formerly a large grove, wliloli lias now been re- 
duced to a single mound-lilce elevation on the Yfesi side of tlie road 
in front of the Hoiikoji Toinplo in Okazaki. Tlio place is piipulorly 
known as the Nve drove. Nite is the name of a faljulous aiuinal 
which is suppoEed to liave lived heie in the time of the Emperor 
Konoye (1142 — 1155). At the dead of night it would ride on a cloud 
tlirough the air and stop on Uie roof of tlie Sliisliinden, or Hall of 
State, in tlie Imperial Palace, where it greatly annoyed the Emperor. 
At last Minamoto Yorimasa, the bravest warrior of the time, was 
ordered to watdi tlie cloud and endeavor to destroy the monster. 



97 

Onf tillj wleelins his hmi bow and nrowii, he ironl to the PrIm* 
•neompinied hf his Uithfnl vmimI, Ino HajaU. The night ftmmd 
qaieily nnii], ai the lumal hour of tlie Emperor's distran, a dailc 
cloud l!oal0d from the diieotion of ToAnJo Orove. Torimua, eatl- 
\*m npon the ^lits of hie aneetton and invoUnf tlie aid of 
Haeliiman, tlie fioil of war, aimed an arrow at anme o^eet tltal 
dimly ap|«erai1 in tlie npfwr pert of tlie olniid. A Uadi monetv 
rolled to tlie ground, and Ino Hajata midnng np to it piereed it 
tlirnngh and tlnroagli witfi hie daggpr. An tlie hiileoae orj of tlie 
mniwier leeomided tlirooi^ tlie palaee, tlie attendants eame mnnlng 
with liclita hf wliieh thej mw tbrt the strai^ aninttl had the f aee 
of a mf>nke]r, tlie hodj of a badger, tlie tail of a evpent, and the 
pawi of a tig». TorimaMi was amply l e w anl e d by tlie Empenv wlw 
w«H tlin« happily freed from tlie torments liitlierto eiperieneed. 

The Residence of ToahidftXenko. Sontu-westof siiin- 

llAfp Temple and at tli« l^ine nf KngiirA-f Jm in tlie small temple 
mllr%1 Ffliitiriiwin, wliidi fttanVi on tlin site nf tlie house of a 
n< 11011 Kfliolsr wliore leal iiAme win* Vt%\« Kanpymilii. After tlie 
drstli nf tiie Rinperor OoiifU (137C-12.H-«), wlinse faithfal vassal lie 
had l«*«n, lie 9liav«lhts1ieeil and bpcsmt* a prirwi From his reeidenoe 
at Vnsliiiis Imi padiially came to le Vnnwn sn Ynshida Kenko tlie 
lalter half nf the name being tlio (Hiinpfto pmnonciatton of tlie 
rlisrsrteni fnr Kaivynnlii. He was a fsmrnis writer of botli proee 
and Ttf»rw», lie with Toii4^ Jolen, and Keinn, l«ing known as the 
fnnr peatsi^t pnets of tlieir age. His |«n«e wnrk, Tsurpsiir^gnea, 
is up€€\ im s ti*it.Kw^ in miNit of tlie liiplier ivlimtls nf Japsn. 

Kamano Temple. ^ little ii«irtli-we»t of tlie Fnmtli Nstional 
Faliilntion Onmnilii i" a plsre knnwn s* Ninhipiri (Irnve or, mose 
eommonly, ffliognin (hote. ]t is full o( nkl trees wliirli in Bummer 
fnrniali a melr«ime »1ied«*. In their muUt •laiiilii Oie Bliinta temple 
of Kunieno, Kiiilt in the Knnin era (rtl<M34\ It was imprnved by 
till* F.in|<Tor (Innhtrakaws (llfii».ll5 who iii»t only ererteil many 
litiiVlinpi ikliirm^l with cobl anl sihw, Ifiit alsn set ont many treee 
enil fhinle wliidi lie lisil leonplit fntin Kiimaim in tlie pro^inee of 
Kii. It wan tlien one of tiM* larpn«t tpnipW»ii in tlie city; but, hating 
bvn bnmMl iliiring tlie Hjin war of tlie IMli rrntnry, it never 
regained iti fmmer msinnrirrim*. It was relsiilt in tlie Kwemlnn 
(1U11.1G73) and Tem|m (Ktt>.lm-<) rras. |ly tlie gift of tlie 
|-Un|«^tir Ki'kskn (li*4'i.HlC> it nKvivfid a rftof of htmah talk. Tlie 
snnnsl (r»ti\sl (»mii* May liitli. 

The Cemeter J of the Onodera Family. WiUtin the 

ponmls of tlw auhoji Temple, eonth-west of tlie Ni>> Canal, an two 



98 

atone monaments; one in memoiy of OnoderaHidekaEo's mother; 
and the otlier m honor of Onodera Hidekaza. Onodera Koemon 
Hidetomi, Okauo Kiugoeinon Kanehide, and O'jaka Qengo Tadao. 

Tlie aeooud monument was ereoted by Tan, the wife of Hidekazn. 
The four men commemorated were among tlie Foity-aeyen Ronins 
whoae deed of vengeance wrought upon Kira YoeliihidB has made 
them famona. 

Yogliihide, who waa a veiy aTarioiona man, was voxeil hooauae 
Aaauo, tlie Dalmyo of Ako, failed to hribe him aa othera had done. 
Ridiculing liim aa an ignorant fellow from the country who did not 
know the ways of the Bhogun'a court, he finally went ao far aa to 
order Aaano to atoop and fasten hia foot-gear for him Aaano, unaUe 
to endiue auoh an inault, drew hia aword and wounded the insolent 
noble who aaved hia Ufe only by preoipitate llight For audi an 
act within tlie p«oinota of the palace, Aaano waa commanded to 
commit auidde by huralari, hia lauds were confiscated, and hia 
retainers disbanded ao that tliey became rJmna, or *' Wave-men," that 
ia aamttmi without any master. Foiiy-seven of them determined 
that Uiey would revenge their xnastei-'s death by slaying the one who 
had been its cause. With great patience and shrewduess they 
developed their plans until in January, 1703, during a severe snow- 
storm they forced their way into the mansion of Yoshihide, whose 
head they cut off tliat they might offer it at their master's gra>e 
where they all committed hurakiri Since that time tlioy liavo been 
regarded as model Bonwrai, Tlie drama whidi represents tlieir deeds 
is one of the most popular in the laud. Tlie stoiy in KngUsh may 
be found in Saito and Oreey's ** The Loyal Ronins," Diokins' 
** Gliushingura " and Mitf ortl's « Tales of Old Japan.'* 

Tobojii one of the liead temples of Uie Nidiiran sect, is situated 
in Sliin-Takakura of Magobashi St. It was founded by Nisson 
Shonin, the tlurd^sucoessor of Nichiren Sh5m'u. After being located 
in many different x^lftoes, it was brought to the present site in 1703. 
The grounds include a acres. 

Hondo, a beautiful building, 60ft. long and &lft. wide, is built 
entirely of heyaki wood. The main object of worship is a board on 
whidi axe written the seven diaracters of tlie phrase " Namurfny'3-hU' 
renyekyo " which is reverenced by this sect. A pioiuie of Nidiiren, 
tlie founder of the sect is famous as being painted fi'om Ufe. 

Sliindo, 36ft. by 27 ft,, stands west of Houd5. Here also the 
diief object of wordiip is tlie plirase of seven diai'acters written by 
Nichiren Shonin There are also images of Shaka. Talio, and 



fill T«nno. TIm Kaknden, or Reoefiiion Hall, 61ft I7 4Sft, liM Id 
tli« eenier a Mitmiara^ or pieiarv of ili« Boddlilti laiiite Mid lo 
hM%9 been dimwn hf NUdiirtn. 

Among tlio treMmw of ilie Innple ftt« » Mamdmn hf Niehifan, 
vliidi wM ouoe in ilis Sliiahindsn of tlio MiM when it hm 
Mmodly vondiipod liyilie Empsror Go7oiBi(15S7-l611); aBoddkltl 
book •Biiiled Hokke^Eyo, wlikfa wm copied bgr ttfml Contam; 
pictnrw of f owla, » pine tree end bemboo, eta bgr Bold. 

Chion-in. This, wkieh ie elto celled Kweflho<«n Deikokn- 
Ji, b the diief temple of the Jodo Met, end the kffHl 
of the neny templM foond elong tlie Eietem EUHe. Ite 
p^omidp, inclnding ebont GO ecree, eie opon the elope of 
tlie bill, end ere mede bMntifiil bgr menj old treM whkh 
iniroiind tlie bniklinpt. Along tlie evenne leeding io the neiii 
f^ ere plented elieiry tiees tliet ere femoai under the neme 
of Ukknn. On mnny deyii in uprin:; tliey ettrect menj pienidwe 
from the eitj. Tlie grontiile onoe belonged to the temple thet 
fnrmfrhr ttond on whet ie now Memyiime Perk Tliie ground hete- 
ing roin# into the p t i w e nn ion of llonen fliionin, otherwiM known 
eff Rnko DeiRlii the fotimler of the Jodo ivct, lie renemed tlie temple 
th«^ Rtaniling npnn it diinn-in I>eikokii-jt. In 13S4 tlie Rinp w u f 
Khijit rrinimefvlrnl (Icn'^lii, the neroml preeiding prient, to rebnild the 
irmiik». It weiieftniverilM»\««niltinic«il<iirneil ; eivl the feewnt bnild- 
ifif:», with tlio ricrpUnn of tlio piti*, the lilrenr, end the RpiiilU<do, 
m »liriii«* of tlw« foiitkl#n', worn rrcctAl in \C-^} Inr lemiteo, tlie 
3H of iho Tokiigewe Ffliopina. In W}9 I^incp Hechi-nooni^pe, tlie 
Rth Pon tit tlm Fiin|tf>r«ir (}o}-oi9pi, oninvtd tlii* trmple ander the 
neme (liionin-no mi>e Monxpki, Uie letter wonl being e title thet 
wep BpfiliMl to ntm^ of tlio Km|irror« who bwenu* priente. Ten yeere 
letrr ho «eo nnUinoi] m Ilyojtiii.Ho SInnno, e ponition whidi there- 
efior, until tlio tinio of tlie Ho«>t4wmiion, wee oonipiAl bj Imperiel 
l«riiK'o«. On thin eoroiint tlio ptoMding priofttn of the temple, bgr en 
onirr iMuing fmm tlie Home I)o|«rtmont in 1H«WI, eie eellel 



Tlio mein pUe wliirli fiiroii toweni tlie wo»t in between two lofty 
pino», mi tlio fra>| of e flight of Ptoiio •tf'pe. It wee orerifti by Tnkiu 
gewe llkloteile in lOlU. It ii rtl foot Inr S6 foot, end ebout iMI feet 
high. In tlie aeroml ttiny ere wrMwIon imegee of fliieke, two of hie 
ettomlent*, enil tlio Htxtorn Reken or fevmite diiwiplee. TheM 
woio ell eerioil by Ytnti lloin. Tlie coiling in ilocieeted witli enpele 
eikl cbegono. Tlio teUot lunging in fntiit of tlie linl etoify l«en the 
neme of tlie temple written by tlie Emperor hmym (Ifl63-i6ai). 



100 

Tliere is » fine view from ilie outBide galleiy. 

The main temple faces ilie souili and ie 146 feet by 111 feet. 
In front is a tablet written by the Emperox Oonara (1527-1557). 
Within the hall is a slirine 9 feet hf 12 feet where is installed an 
image of Buddha carved by Euko Daishi. At the left is an image 
of Amida, while to tlie right are images of Tokngawa leyasn, his 
mother, and his son Hidetada. Under the eaves of the galleiy in 
the south-east part of the building is the well-lcnown Cliionin 
Umbrella. It is said by some to have been placed tlieiie in oi^der to 
give a touch of imperfection to ilie temple. Otliers say that it llew 
thither from the hands of a boy whose form had been temporarily 
assumed by ilie Sliinto deity of Inari. 

The Assembly Hall, which is commonly spoken of as a room with 
a thousand mats, is behind tlie main building witli which it is 
connected by corridors. Tlie flours of all tlie coiridors of the temple 
are so constri^cted tliat in walking over iliem tlieie is produced a 
sound whidi is tliought to resemble tlie siiigiug of the wjuifiu, ilie 
Japanese nightingale. The hall which opens to the soutli is 141 feet 
by 78 feet In the center facing south is an image of Amida 
carved by Eshin Sozu. Another 16 feet high facing west is of 
Ohinese origin. ^ 

The Dai Hojo, or Main Hall, to tlie east of Uie Assembly Hall is 
105 feet by 78 feet To it are attadied tlie Tumon, or Chinese 
Qate, and the Okurumayose, or chief entranse. In tlie latter is 
a painting of a lion by Taiiyu, and a picture of the Imiiorial l^alace 
at Nara by Domono Matalioi. The goidun at Uio wcbt is nauX to have 
been much liked by Uie Slioguu lyemitsu. The one of the oast is 
called the Qarden of Kwacliozan. In front of the grove is a pond 
having a small bridge tliat is made from petrified camphor-wood. 
The pine tree on the bank is said to have been planted by lyeinitsu. 
In the Crane Room are pictures of pine trees and cranes by Nao- 
nobu. In the Room of Buddlia ai-e deposited the ihai of the Toku. 
gawa family. An thai is a tablet representing a deceased person 
and inscribed with his posthmnous name. There are also pictures 
of lotus^iowers by Naoiiobu. Toward the east are 3 rooms intended 
for tlie use of tlie Emperor, tlie upper one beiug that in which he 
sat when he visited tlie temple. The ceiling is in the style known 
as kmiiban. The pictures are by Nobumasa. On the north behind 
tliese rooms is another suite known as Tokudo-uo-ma, which was 
the hall where princes were ordained as priests* The picture of 
a plum and bamboo is by Naonobu, while tliose of the chiy. 



101 

Mfittwniimi, Mid heron nndtr Ui« willow tn§ wtn pftinlicl IjT 
NobnniMA, m wai Um nmke i>m»nm or •aoApiiig i^imtow wliioh (tow 
throouli tlM lerMn altar it had bMB eomplotod. Hm iwaIIowi and 
willow <rw, (Im pliMMnt and plum trM, Um pifMO and pin* Irae u% 
tlie work of ftodanoYm. 

8hr> Iir>)ri or Bnuller Hall, nortli of Dftilidjo, ia 66 f Mi bgr 67. 
Tlw c*t pMii«9d hf Molon«>bii on tlie door of tlMOonridar ■tliiutg 
BiQch Attaiition boeaaw from wliatovcr point it is Ttowed it Mtrai to 
be feeing tlie eperietor. A winter leene in the Otolu>-no«u ie \j 
Keno Kui. On tlie eeet aie two rooms distingnislied as Jodaa and 
Cliodsn (Upper and lliddto) wliidi were for tlie nse of prinoee. 
Tlie oeilingii eie kSrwhari, The winter seene in Jodan ie by Naonobo, 
that of Cliodan hf Koi. Paintii^ of the Siiteen Rakan, of bifda and 
flowem, and of chrjsantliemams in roome named after their 
pirlnree are }iy Nnlm ma i^L 

Tlie pillam lifted in tlie two Ho/i lialls are of eetsa kMd I fool 
square. All eame from tlie Kiso Mountains ; and it is said at preeenl 
tlieir value would Ie Hiju yeii apieoe, and tliat it woald he very 
dimcnlt to procure tliem even for tlist tum. There eie seteral 
oiJi«n buihlu^^, tlie wlif>le number being 60, cfiniaining ^iOU mats; 
while the corriilors the*, give ths iu>nni1 of niglitingsles liave a tongth 
of l-ioo fe^ In a lifarery before tlie Main lisll is deposited a 
nitnplete net of |lii(l(llii»t M7i|idiir^ft. At the terminus of a fliglit of 
•i^m on the nortli-esst are tli^ tumla of Rnkil Dsinlii anil tlte Snishi- 
do in whirh lie ilimL The latter was erertod hy Jiei Daislii in tlie 
Kdiwsn l>rioi| ^O-D-O^r.^ Tlie bell-town on a platform soutli-east 
of the main iNiikhng wan coii'.ril»tit^l \ty lemitsn. In I6''l>), hf 
rnihr of the Rliogun leUuns, it »sii n»huilt by Inaha Ifananori. Tlie 
Irll hs« a lM»ight of 1 1 f««rt, a iltAin<»ti*r of U (wt, aikl a thieknens of 
iirarlv a fmiL It w«*i|;1iii iwwilv 71 toiui. The «aore«l pliraee of sit 
rliaisH^ni mokleil upon it ws« originsUv written \rf Reigsn Slionin. 
Till* sml tlie brll at I>sibiit4U are Uie largest in Japan. 

Kvsulio Rnki or Melon Rock in in the center of tlie road leading to 
Kuro M<»n i>r Black (late. Tlie story is toU tliat a melon plant 
sproutnl out from beneath tlie rook and grew so rapidly tlial in a 
single mght it liikl roveiod the whole rock, blossomeil, ami bnrne 
fnut. TIm* latter had upon it tlie diaraelers (ixtm 7Vjm« or Hull-liead- 
ed RmfsiTor. Rinne then tlie rock hes been leganled as Mntkl, and 
is protecteil liy a stone fence. Tlie Yoko RikJi anl tlie KirM^y Roek 
are slno fsmous. 4-t roll* prepart^l by onler of tlie Rmperor 
Oofuftlumi ,ia*Ki- 1.11)1) ami remrdtng the arts of Knko Paishi are 
amoi^the treaenree of the tempto. Tlie whole work ieealled Choka 



102 

0hQ Bd0D or Illuitrated Biography porapared hy Imperial Comnmnd. 

TTegamido is situated on the north side of Shorenin. Here is 
installed tlie image of Shinran Slionin who was born in 1178, 
being the son of Fnjiwara Arinori, adesoendant of KamaHo Daijin; 
while his motlier was the eldest daughter of Tsushima-no-Kami 
Tosliidiika, the first son of Haoliiman-Taro Yoshiiye. F^om boy- 
hood he had an intense desire to escape from the ordinary oooupa- 
tions of the world in order to be a priest. When nine years old he 
received the tonsure and became the disdple of Jioliin, tlie abbot of 
Sliorenin. He afterwaids went to Mt. Hiei for study and having 
learned there tlie mysteries of the Tendai sect he originated a new 
system based on the doctrine of salvation tlirough faitli in anotlier's 
(Amida*s) power ratlier tlian by one's own fnerits. The Sliin sect 
which lie tlius founded has become one of tlio most powerful in 
Japan. When Sliinmn received the tonsure Jidhin drew a picture of 
his face and afterwards carved a wooden statue of the youth, placing 
upon its head tlie liair tliat had been shaved off. Hence it is often 
called the Uegami or ** planted hair" image, and is held in high 
honor by Buddhists. 

Yoshimizu Park is on tlie slope of the liill soutli of Sanjo 
and east of Awatagudii. There are a number of tea-houses, public 
halls, and kwaiaeki restaurants; tlie latter being establishments patro- 
nized by people of the highest classes, everything from the smallest 
utensil to ilie elaborately prepared food, being of tlie best quality. 
Tlie place is peculiarly well-fit^^l for tlie euteiiaiument of small 
parties, as the hill, though not high, commands a fine view of the 
city and tlio siuTuuiuliug mountains. The hill as well as the gnuloiis 
abound with olierry and maple trees which add to the attiuctivouoss 
of the place. 

KoaflTO is the name loosely applied to the hilly section at the 
eastern extremity of Sanjo and west of Yamasliina. One portion, 
somewliat higher than the rest is called Hinooka-toge. Tlie name 
Keage, whidi hterally means "to raise by kicking" is said to liave 
originated from the following incident. When Minamoto Yoshi- 
tsune (See description of Mt. Kunuiia) at the age of 10 was escaping 
to tlie province of Mutsu he happened to be seen at tliis place by a 
Taira soldier named Sekihara Yoiohi who, on seeing the young noble, 
recognized him as belonging to the Minamoto clan, and so caused 
his horse to kick up the water beside the road in such a way that it 
splashed against Yoshitsune. The young and high-spirited youth, 
unable to brook such an insult, at once attacked the warrior and 



lOi 

anoosaM in tkqrins Mm, WImI it now mllad tht KHifi Waiir it 
» dfittr tirHun iMming from » pkee notih of Um raid and ftboai % 
mile 6u4 of tlit krgB poiUl belonging to Uit Awttagnehl flhtmmei 
Tompla Tilt Rttgi Itt-Uouttt, titntltd on both ddtt of tht TtmA 
in fiont of tlit lempU §n lunoni; dnflt litm fm^ltn going lo tht 
ttnltni {vorinatii wen aoontlomfld to my good-ligrt to rtkliiftt ami 
friends iHio liad tocomptnitd tlitm thnt ter, wlitrt ftrtvtll potmt 
iMTv writltn, ivetentt gittn, and tlit parting tup paamd from hand 
to hamL Bneh tta.lionatt at Fuiya, lanttojii Kt^^ and Tvmija 
are noriorl far tlwir beautifnl yujtnt. 

TJh%ftL Fntokoro, •Iwttt «/» of a milt vMi of HinoofaUofi^ 
it a pbiSt wfatrt tht ground tloptt down from all tidtt to tht ttnlv; 
■o that it hat tlit apptaranet of a erattr. Through it rant tht 
pnUie higliway, wbilt a eltar tool utream of water imning hum tlit 
mmith of a ttont tnrtlt qntnditt tlit tliint of titt trattltr. 

Awfttfignebi, •• tliat part of B^njo that Hot faetwttn flhinUmwa 
Hri'lpi* Ami the RaMom Hill* in oalloil, in tlie ortUnary thoronghCvt 
tnt tli'M* fcnifif; to anil from ilie eantern part of llie city, and litntst 
i<i alwA}-* rrowilorl with pcH>pfo. In tliin district it |«odaotil tht 
pornplain known an Awata-ynld. In recent years a skillful potttr 
nsinM Mfikfili^i li%nd tliere. At the present time sndi ftunont 
arti«t« ss Tainn, Rinkomn, Tannin, an<l Homn, whose nemtt tia 
familiar to t1io«e ininwted in knamim, resiile in this distriel 

Shirakawft Bridge, thongli insifmifWant in sise, is welt 
known from its h»iiii; sitnateil in a critrnM part of tlie etty wliere it 
is daily rroMiftl liy tliotisanU of peo|>le. Tlie narrow stream from 
whicli it takmi it^ name risss in tlie monn'ains of Rhig^ Coonty 
in tlM»rrnTinoe of dmi, ami nnites witli tlie Kamo River near tht 
8ln|i~i k^dfls. 

YMaka-nO-yathiro. Tliis fllunto temple, popnlarly known at 
Cliim, in at Ui^ mst enl of (lion-maclil Originally it was dedicalsd to 
Riii«n<vnoo.Mikoto; hut now tliere are also worshipeil eight of his 
rliiklmt, and also |na(laliime>no.Mik<Hi>. The temple was first 
foiimlrtil in fiM) liv a Coiean emUMnr. A few }ears later, wlien new 
biiilfltnpi wero prr.<lAt, tlie temple was calleil ICin^liin-in. In i975, 
a Hiiililhi»t |irietit from Nara htiilt a »niall temple close hy whtoh he 
named (lion Temple. Aft«r tliis liail been thftruy e d by a hnrriAnt 
in 9^9, tli« main tempi* came to be eallM eitlisr Kanahin-in or 
Clion. In 1 ^4 tiM* nami* ws« cliaiif{f«l to Yaikska. The peeaent 
temple was <*iert««l in lti.V4 by tlw Tokiipiwa Hliognnate. Borne of 
the small B^mrtiirea are of laliv date. Tlie main boilding haa a 
frontageof 71 ft, a dtplh of Ou|ft, and a liwght nl 36fi Itia 



104 

monly believed tliat Ijeueatli it is a hollow of nukuown depth, a 

line 600ft. long failing to reach the bottom. The grounds comprise 

about S aores. Tliere are 20 subordinate slirines, together witli the 

other Imildings usually found in Sliinlo temples. Behind Uie main 

building is a large camphor tree bound wiUi a a^'menatixi, or straw 

rope, which shows that it is regarded with great reverence. On the 

east side is the old " Kagashima Phi m-tree," and near it is the 

**Futami Stone." In the garden connected witli ilie office of tlie 

temple is **Tadamori*8 Lantern" of whidi the following well-known 

stoiy is told. 

. In the reign of the Kniperur Tuba (II(W— ll^t) a ruuior bocame ourr«nt tlmt a 
frtgbtrul nmnnter often came by nigbt to the gitMuide of tite temple. Tbe Km- 
iwror oouiuianded Taira Taclainorl to attempt ItH deiftnictloii. One Htormy nIgbt 
Tndnmorl went to tliu temple and lay tii wait for tbe inouHter. At laat tliere ap- 
pcnrwl a Mtrnniro looking lioliig. Tlio liair of ItN licnd rpMsmbleil nt^mlloe Htundlng 
tm mkIi wbilo f niui ItH nnmth tMHimeil iu Imniki flunioi. Tiiilamorl iMtliily Mtido Ikv 
liliid tlie cruuturu, tqtrnun upon It from bubhul, and cIiiminxI It In IiIm aruie. At 
once a trembling voice won lieanl plmdlng fttr mercy. On uxumlning liU cni4lvo 
TBdnmnrl fouiul It waMan old msrvnntof tliutomplu w1h». In Hturtlng oiitlollKbt 
tlie liuitem, IhmI putn bumllo of Ntmw mi IiIm luiul to protect lilni fnuii tliu ruin. 
In Ilia liaiid lie beld a sinull torcb wlilcb bvlinil iM^in blowing w Itb bin bn<nlb 
in order to keep It from going out. 

In the temple grounds are many tea-houses, sliooting-galleries, 
and shops. In old times two specially famous tea-houses stood on 
the road between tlie south gate and the entrance. One of these 
tliat still exists is called the Nakamura-ro. 

Tlie regular festival of tlie temple is held from Uie 17th to the 
34th of July. It is the famous Gion Festival, one of the largest 
^lat is observed iu Japan. Tliree small slirinos are cairied in 
the procession upon tlie shoulders of men. There are seven 
enormous spears to whidi are attaclied various ornaments. 
The most conspicuous objects in tlie procession ara eleven lofty 
oars drawn by oxen. On Moh car is a tall image, and also a band of 
performers upon musical instruments. The streets are crowded by 
those who join tlie procession or stand to see it pass by. 

Among the treasures of the temple are a screen with figures of a 
oock and hen by Okio; and swords forged by Muuochika, Samoji, aiul 
Bizen Osafune. 

Fublio Park at Maruyama. ^i^ V^K <^^ tlie western 

base of the hill called Sliogun-zuka, contains about 21 acres. In 
old poems the looaUty was called Makuzugahara and referred to as 
a wild, barren waste. Afterwards several temples were ei'ected. Many 
of tliem have entirely disappeared, while others still exist within 
tlie hmits of the Park. In 1871, and later in 1836, the grounds 
were beautified and received the name of the Public Park of Kyoto. 



» V » l at ■ ta<."^ f 



lOi 



II in DAW one of tlie moti tltraeUTe pkunt in the eity. Itie 
Merm-eme mlly belong! to ilie temple of Aiqroji whieh ilende on the 
tlofM of the kill \mA of the Yeouni HoleL The hold lile wm tar. 
mn-ly thel of » monaileiy belonging to the temple. Other mooe^ 
Iniee vera 0i9-eini, SMuni, end Heehinoryo. The prieeli^ teking 
edTintegB of the eltniclionB oAated Yj the beeatifnl eoenafy, wen 
eeeiii4onied to reni tlie lergwi rooine of theee momeMee fnr 
eiliiliitione of ftunone writtngi or peinlingi, e on eer te , dineiag 
teinment, end oUier meetinguL TMuni end tfio4ttni hftte 
eoDvcrted into » hotel; bnl BMoni ie elill need ee belbre. A 
peonjr fpiden eftkeele men^ ^ieilon in eerly eainmer. Neer II ie e 
raetAonnl eelled Hlisnoje wheie ere ooHiTeied nmnj epeaiee 
of ohfyMntliemnin. Tly^ni^otil the perk ere Wonming Ireee ead 
•hrabe, while el Hokarin many old Ireee elTord » pleeeeni riaide from 
llie tanmMr'e ean. Among Ihe meny ettreelione of the VwA the 
following ere epeeiAlly femooiu 

I. TIm Gion Cherry. Of lite meny oherry-treee in the Puk, one 
neer ihe centrel peil hee e greet renown. II if on elighlly eleveted 
grnninl, ■nrroiinded hj e picket fenee. The tree, whieh ie ^ety old, 
ifl eboni auft high, end ite epreeding brmnrJwe oover e epeee of el 
b*e*l SfJfi. eqnere. Tlie twige droop down like thorn of » weeping 
willow. In ftpring tlv^ ere emmrd with pink flowcre which emil e 
driirelo frufntiHW ee llii^ wete in llie Ireeee. Ae tlie Kyoto people 
ertt not ooniented with ereing it by deyliglit, Inrdiee are |ilaeed 
nnW the Ifmncliee in the evening. Henee the tree ie eommonly 
known en tlie *« Niglit Hierry of (linn.** Tlie tlock o| the tree ie 
mid to 1« qiiinof, on which tlie ehrrry liee been gmfted. 

3. YoAliimiin Henmiirn. At thin nmell temple, Juel beek of 
tli# Ye-emi IIoti»l, ie e writing which vtetee lliet Tcwliiro, e ewonl- 
niekrr of Awetegnchi, wee for many yeere a woreliiper at the ehrine. 
On^ ni|;ht, after he IumI pra>-ed thai lie might be helped to prodaee 
a Med^ of ttipmnr eieellrnce, tlteie appeared to him in a dream an 
oM white-haiffti men, an eged prieet, and a noble4onking IMy* ^^^ 
tobl him that tlie ewonl ooglit to be forgid beeide Ihe well el 
Yoikhimitii. After aweking he decided tlial tlieae three pereone 
mii>t lia\e l««n tlie two <1mtiet woriliiprd el lite noted vhrinee of 
8iimi}o*]ii and HennS, tigetlier with Benmilen, tlie giAlem of Ihe 
Yonhimiiii ftliiine. He took hia toole In tlie piece deeigneled, 
asiDg a rinne fur an anvil, ami the water of Ymiliimiiu fee 
tempting tli^ iiti*#l. R^ery nwnid tlitip meib wee foand to ha^ 
eodi an einellent eil|;e tlial hi* fame noon vpreed mil only throng 
Jfyoto, bat all over, flie eoontiy. The elone an«tl, Ihe mOer of 



106 

Yoehimizn, and a sword forged by Tosliiro m to be seen at the 
temple. 

S. Book of the temple of Benzaiten is the Tomb of the priest 
Jichin, sometimes oalled the Toshimizn Priest 

4. Hanxyama Anyoji. This, which is one of the most important 
temples of the neighborhood, is on tlie slope of the hill just back of the 
Ya-ami Hotel. It was built by Denlcyo Daislii, the founder of tlie Tendai 
seot During the Kenkiu era (1100-1108) the priest Jidiin repaired 
this temple and made it his residence. Still later it was the abode 
of a priest named Kokna of the Ji seot to which the temple has 
since belox^ged. Before the Restoration of 1863 there were six 
monasteries, of which only one now remains. Many of the build- 
ings were erected l^ a blind man named Gpnsho who wasaperform- 
er upon tlie musical instrument called 6tira, which resembles the 
guitar It was his ambition to be invited to the Imperial Palace 
tliat he might tliere display his skill before the Emperor. Coming 
to this temple to pray for sudi an invitation he vowed that, if his 
desire was granted, he would erect as many now buildings as might 
be within his ability. Somewliat later, his re])utation readied the 
Court so that he was asked to play before tlie Emperor Gokomatsu 
(1893-1412) who showed liis appreciation by giving the musician a 
purple robe and raising him to the rank of Kentfyo, 

5. ld[aruyama Hot Water Spring. This is south of the Ya-ami 
HoteL There is a three-stoiy house and a beautiful ganleu. 
Though spoken of as a " spring," Uie carbonated water is brought 
from the Ika River and is here warmed for bathing purposes. 

6. Higaslii-yama Chorakiiji. This temple is at the south side of 
the Spring. It was founded by Denkyo JDaishi at the command of 
the Emperor Kwammu, the founder of Kyoto. The image of 
Ewannon is said to have been found by Deul^o on his journey back 
from Cliina where he had spent several years in study. 

7. Flags made from a garment of the Emperor Antoku. These 
are in tlie temple last mentioned. When Kemei Monin, the 
mother of the child-Emperor Antoku (1181-1185), became a nun; 
a priest of Uie temple performed the ceremony. As a reward a 
gannent belonging to the Emperor was given to the priest who 
made them into sixteen flags. Soon after, the nun togetlier with 
tlie Emperor, who was then only six years old, was upon one of tlie 
junks belonging to the Taiia family in the lerrible sea-fight at 
Dan-no-ura, ueai* Sliimonoseki, when the Minamoto family gained 
a complete viotoiy over its rival. The grandmother of Antoku in 
her despair clasped tlie child in her arms and, notwithstanding tlie 



lOT 

•nitAkof her chu^litor. bsped into Um m when tlie end the 
jotuif Euipeiof wt Doih drowned* 

a TlieTMnbof lUi Sanrii. (Thiiend the 8li9giintii]oi neil men. 
liomd, ilioQgh oiileide of tlie Vnk^ ere eo iieer ee to he property 
indnded in ite olijecle of inteieet) Undar the iliede of en old pine 
teee, e Utile wey np tlie liill behind Clioreknji^ etende e etone 
monument on wliioh it en^im^ed tlie name of lUi SftoyS. Thie 
no4ed writer epent mndi of hie life in KjrSto, thongli hie feiliery 
Rei Shiinimi wee e esholer living in the prorinae of Aki. Rei 
Bunro in best known from hie liietorioel work entitled " Nihon 
Oweialii,** in whidi ere given tlie hiiitariee of tlie diOersnt militeiy 
femilifin tliet lieve dnmineled tlie eoantiy. Tlie rsel ot^eet of the 
book wee to iliow tliel tlie Bliugnne lied nimrped power wliieh wee 
mit prnperlj tlieira ; end to eronee e npirit of Injeltj towenle the 
Rmpornm. Tlmngli tlie Sli'iguneta oenenre re;|iiir6il meny thingi 
to \m fftracX out frnm Um bo<ik before itKpublioetion, tliere lemeined 
fnifVcient to meke tlie work one of Uie greet inllaenoet tliet led to 
tlie Rniormtion of 18C). Few writem ere now heU in coeh 
gmi^fnl ivmemhnnne by tlie JepeneM. In iMl tlie Imperiel 
Ifmin^ rnntriliiiM irx) yni towmrdn e nwrnnrial wnrine to be lield in 
lim lirtii'iiir, enti in l-iO theie wen te^townd ttpon him tlie piM 
wifwinn rank nf SKU^L 

*x Fniogtm-stike. T1ii« in e montiil ii)>on tlir irtp nt e liill which 
rif^n .'>7n fert aUt\^ tlie Kemo Ilivcr. Hie mMinin^ of tlie neme 
in ■ (^onoreliimimo Mminil.'* It in Mid to Im^fi t^mn built I7 tlie 
F.m|if*TrT Kweinmii et tli^ tinN* of thr fonmlini; of Kvitta In it 
wen |rtinr«| A wn(Mli*n KtAtiM>, Hit liigli, r|iitlif>! in full ermnr end 
futninlml with e Niw en<l ennw« in nnler tlut it mi|*lit I* tlie 
ynti^risif Iff till* rity. It m I«tli6vc^| tliiit e loud mer i«iiiHHi from tlie 
m'vinil «lM>TM»\#r e mUmitv in elHtitt tn l«fell tli^ ritv. From tlie 
lull et IfMt Imlf itf tli«t provinnff nf VemMlitm mn }m n^^n. It '» 
en #i-vllrnt plerv from wliiHi to f^^t e f^n^rel virw of tlu» etty of 
Kviitfi. 

1(1. Ilipuihi nmni. TliiM pleoi*, on tim poutli wide of lliriieknji 
liec e flinm iMineti^l to Keimhin Pei*lii, tlia fonmler of the 
Ii«ini;wftnji mH of llikhlliinin. It eontetnii e wooil«*n ttetue of 
AmtiU I7- An-emi. Ileliind tli«> rliepel in e l«eutifiilly oerTed ipite 
in front of the tomb of K#*n«liin. TlN>tombiii 1 -<ft niuere end 
I2ft. htgli. It i« medi* of ^t-tn#*. I'p^n itn ti«p i» tli« no-mllMl 
Tipn Ht'tno wliirit wm form«>ily et Veiu|;inoliiinlrii Kt ni«r (Hlnki'fji 
8L ]lifl«*yii«lii mii^ftl it to lii« rei^tle in Fiwhimi wlien*e it wee 
e^tin removed to ite praeent poeitioii. Tlie belie vere of tlie Hon- 



loar 

gwsn]i fleet who live in distant plaoes have the oustom of bringing 
the teeth of deoeaeed relatives to be piaoed in tliis tomb which is 
therefore called Nokotsnjo, the Place for Interring Bones. 

11. Sorinji. This temple was muoli honored by the Emperors 
of successive ages. It was founded by Denkyo Daishi at the com- 
mand of the Emperor Kwommu, and was regai^ded as a " bd%u-in ** 
of tlie Teiidai sect; tliat is, it was anthoiized under certain 
oiroumstanoes to represent the main temple of tliat 
sect It possesses a statue of Yaknshi Nyorat carved liy Deukyo, a 
wilting by the Emperor Ookasliiwabara (loUl — 1526), another 
writing Ly tlie priest Kokua, an iron idol sent from China, and a 
representation of the Prince Shotoku at the age of two yeai*s. There 
was formerly kept in the temple a copy by the Emperor Oosliira- 
kawa (liou — 1159) of tlie Bodilhist work Hokks Kyo ; but it was 
burned during the civil war of djin in the lath ceutiiry. The 
oslies were collected and buried in a mound wheraon there is now 
growing the Uokke Pine. Near it is a monument to Uie aiiist 
Okio, a native of the province of Tamba. Although his real name 
was Knnii Okio, he is commonly called Marnyama Okio. He was 
ilie founder of tlie school of art known as Shijo-lia. Disregnrding 
tlie many petty rales observed by painters of his age, he regarded 
nature as furniBhing tlie only proper models' for ai-tists. His re- 
presentations of birds and animals are speoially prized. 

12. Tlie Tomb of Taira Yasuyori. This is near Sorinji. Yasu- 
yori was one of several persons who helci a seci-et conclave in 
Sliisliigatani to plot fur tlie overtlirow of the aiTogaiit rule of Taii*a 
no Kiyomori. Tlie consphncy becoming known, ho was oxtlod to 
the island called Kilutigashinia, near Satstuna. Tliroe yeai-s later, 
having been pardoneii and allowed to return to Kyoto, he lived quietly 
in liis villa just before Sorinji. Here he wrote a book entitled 
Homotsushiu. In this portion of tlie Paik grow many maple trees 
and lespedeza bushes. 

IS. Near the tomb of Yasuyori stand two stone inonunionts in 
memoiy of Saigyo and Ton-a, two notod poets of Uie middle ages. 
Near them is a small hut, called Saigyo-an, containing the statues 
of the poets carved by themselves. Saig)'o's real name was Sato 
Yosliikiyo. He was a descendant of Fnjiwara Hidesato a famous 
archer. Saigyo himself was skilled in the use of tlie bow and was 
well versed in militaiy tactics. He was much favored by tlie ex- 
Emperor Toba (11U8 — 1123). Becoming dissatisfied witli tlie 
luxury prevaiUng about him, he went to Saga where he became a 



109 

Boclilhifl monk. Ht trm^M tztoiuiiTelT, eompofiiiig poems ooo- 
fismiuK fomiHui pWMsN ftnd tlie lieantifnl rsenmy wliieli 1m vliiiisd. 
Riitnming io Kyfyto, ho hiiiU h hnt on Miuniyamii whore he upenl 
Die remAimler of his life. A dieiry tree which lie planted before 
hi* lint itill lioej* MoeRoms. 

1 1. Ilnnluido. Tliift nmiUl hnilding, eliio enlkkl Nftmn-en, le the 
piece once inliebited hy the poet DmIio. In it in p reeerfod his 
lms|^ ItJ inehes high, eSTTod in elierry wood wliioh is oeid to hftre 
been taken from a favorite tree of tlie poei. Dsshoi who wae bom 
in tlic pro\inoe of Iga, is said to liave shown remarkable talent eten 
ae a diiliL He studied ikulxu, a form of Japanese poetry^ nndsr 
Kitamnia, Kigin beooming so profloi^nt tliat lie establislied a new 
aeliool Bein;; a great admirer of Saigyo, he trareled widely, seek- 
ing so tar as possible to pnrsne tlie same rootee tliat had been taken 
tgr tliat poet. 

lo. T*iga-il«». Thin is at the north side of the road pissing 
befme IlaAhfMl'i, and on th^ site of the hotise wliere the poet Xaiga 
li«eil stvl thtnl He* wan bf>m in Kyoto, his common name being 
Ik^rio Slitiliei. Sf)m«> of his pnpilM Ironght hither the stones and 
pnfdii li^loii(^iiif» t«> the hotifir wh<»re 1i\(vl the fsintitiii nchoUr Kino- 
sliifa (1i'ir)iii«hi, ami «*T«s:tini; it here calird it Tsipi-<1«t. Deliinil it 
in a inoinitnent with an inMTiption hy Taiga liininelf. His wife 
Oyfiku-iMii yfr%% sIho famoim an an arttut aii«1 p««*i. 

U\. N>(«f;i«lnn. 'Hii* i« a pmall nioiiivl a<T(MA Uie n«d from 
Taipulii. Here m Miitl i*t hsM* been thn rvHiiden'V of (lion Nyogo, 
a lAdy fa\oml liy tlie F.rnperfir RlnraJuiwa (lOTI — laMS). After- 
war'l* a t^'tr.itle railed Rence-iii wsii eieHrtl hers. 

Kodaiji. l^i^" nniklliiKt t«'inpl«*, sUo known an RltuliiKsan i« 
laatii.fully ^.tiuiOvI on tli«* FA#.teui HilU. It Wlon;:i to the Ilinsai 
Ivnnrli n' tl)4* /.«'ti fet*t. 'Ilie piinnd wsn formerly i»ccupied by a 
teiYtplf* oilIM riik}>*ji; kimI llie |«reM>iit temple wap efitablisliCM! in 
lf> <.'• h: Tnynt'Oii Utile} r>Rli in widow . KiU-ni»-ManiI<ikoro\ aft«r 
ewiriHMltAtton with I;ftvn«ti, m order that werureA mifzht l« |ier* 
formed f<ir the NMiefit of the MinU of Ili«|f*>o«h; ami In* ]SueniR. 
Tlie Imii^1iii(;^ atmI fiunitiiio were riiti<.trni*t4>i| of lua'ertalH tliai liad 
in p4iirM» WAV leen ajimwnateil with |{id<*}iMlii, and the temple 
is noted fm tlif* jr\.r% of tlie Toyotttriii fsinily wliirli it r<mtainii. 
Tlie l<iitl<i;nf:« wetf* formerly mA|:nir!«viit : Init in \Mi.t tlie 
|riti<-:pal otM*K wi'ie h<nnetl liy r min* who UmilAMii^l the pl*ce wlien 

tliey lieajil tliat the exl*rin>n of Kt^hiaen, wlnun they repunlM as 
opposed to ilie Mikado's |suiy was abmit to oeenpy it as hta liead- 



110 

qnarten. Another bailding called the Bntsnden or Buddlui's Hall, 
was burned in Idil. 

Hie first room into wliioh yisitors are shown contains, among 
oilier objects, some gold screens by Hasegawa Tohaku, Kano Moto- 
noba, and Kano Koi. Another by Domono Matahei represents tlie 
coming of some Oorean envoys to the city of SaJcai near Osaka. 
Tliere is a notewortliy roU-piotnre with a portrait of Shin-no Shiko, a 
Chinese Blmperor. Tliere are also shown a mother-of-pearl writing- 
box thai belonged to Hideyoshi, a olothes-raok that belonged to liis 
wife, and other reUcs. 

The gaiden, planned by Kobod Ensho, contains the beautiful 
Tsuru-Kame-no-Ike, Crane and Tortoise poxid; the two small islands 
at the south being regarded as a crane, while the one at the north 
is a tcwtoise. Beliind the gaxtlen two pine-dad hills called Washi- 
gamine and Hakusan add to its attractiveness. Tlie small bridge 
called Kwangotsndai, Monn-gai&ing Platform, was brought from the 
Momoyama Talaco at Fusliiml, wlioro Uuloyoshi is tuiid tu have 
used it for the purpose implied by its name. 

In the building called Kaisan-do, or Founder's Hall, is a shrine 
containing tlie wooden image of Sauye, the fkst abbot of the 
monasteiy. The ceiling is composed in part of the ceiling of a room 
in a war-sliip used by Hideyoshi at the time he sent an army to 
invade Corea, and in part of the roof of his wife's carriage. The 
paintings are by Kano Motouobu. The Main Hall is 18 ft. by 4U ft., 
while the back poiiion,2.)ft. by I'jft, iscalled Shindo. The picture of 
a dragon on the ceiling of the latter was painted by Kano Motonori, 
wliile the censer in tlie sliape of an octopus was brought back from 
Corea by the noted general, Kato Kiyomasa. 

Tlie Owaryo-no-Roka or Oallexy of the Sleeping Dragon, leads to 
the Otamaya, a building 37 ft. by 33ft. In it are placed an image 
worshiped by Hideyoshi in time of war, another once possessed by 
his wife, a wooden image representing Hideyoshi at the age of GJ, 
and one representing his wife at the age of 42 in the garb of a nun. 
The inner walls are painted with five different colore, and inlaid 
with gold and silver. Tlie lacquered shrine lias representations of 
musical instruments and basket of flowers. The lacquer work is 
said to be the first of what is now called Kodaiji lacquer. The 
picture of mountain scenery was painted by Kano Motonobu. 

On tlie top of the liill east of Otamaya are Sliigure-no-ohin and 
Karakasa-no-chin; two small summer-houses brought from the 
Momoyama Palace in Fusliimi, where they liad been built by Sen- 
no Rikyu. From the first of them there is a fine view. 



Ill 

III old iitnec Um gronndt of thin Umpto were famooii for dicny 
blooonu; hnl now the lenpedsn Mlumbe un mora Botod. The old 
pl0 wliioli faoM tlie wmA Iim Qtrringi hf Hldvi Jlngoi9. Among 
Um treAcnreii of tlie tomplenolyetiiMiitioiioduiiaiilaeiiroll-pieliivM 
tgr ZongeUn IHialii re p rewntinn Um Sillaen Raloui; ft hguih bofdar 
in goM lMqn«r wHh nmAmontii of eluTiMiUMmnnM ftnd PmIIovdIa 
impmiAlif ; and a miUtaiy elo«k UmI tvlongod to Hidtyoaht 

RfOieil i* ^M monntoin UmI riteii •! Um muA of Kactaijl On ite 
udB it • oe i iM l wy oonUining Um tomlM of many distingmilMd p«v- 
OM who fill wliik flghUng for Um Imperial eanee during Um heftlee 
ennnertod wiUi the Restoration of 1 iO I. Among tlMae were Umeda 
f inpin,anf1 Hirano Jiro. The tomb of Kido Koin, who with 8aig5 Ta. 
kamnri and ti'mhn Tnnhimielii in regarded an one of Um Uvee geateet 
men in efli»<*tiiig Um neiitoiation,ani1a1iioUiatof Um poet Yanagiaw* 
flpigan are in Um Hun^ (vmetenr. Tliere in an eiwllent view of the 
city and Mnrronniling plain. TIm cannon Uiat in ftred daily at noon 
if on Ui in moitntain. 

The Ta^aka Pagoda. Tliin p<s;««1a, which in flte utoriea high, 
in iwinUi of KrMlAiji. It Ktanilii nn the mtn of a Buddhist temple 
falUMi Ifiikwarjt, sn*! in mid tf> ha\« l«<»n biiilt hy RliotiJia Taielii 
in Um tini# of tlii^ Ffinporor Rnjun (M «.nOll 323 years later it wae 
dMi(ro}-e(l IfT li^litninf^ In \Vj2, H onlpr of the Rmperor Ootoba, 
it wan rvUitlt Inr Minamoto Yontomo. Rtn'^a then it lias been 
hfinw^l two titops: thi* |ire«nt stmrture liaving \i»n bnilt In II 10 
hy Anhikiigri ViMiliinori. Itn lAse is 31ft Sipare, and its iMlgltl 
lA'tft Within the pagoda are ims^s of Rhaka, Asliikn, Hrialio, 
and l>ainirlii. The pillant and ihtorn of the lower stfvry are painted 
in mlor« w.th pirtiire* of Hikltlhifit deitie«. Dnring Um Rekio em 
(|.1K1.1I1> the groiiiifla li^loiigiiii; to the piigoiU were very large, 
eiteikling from Oion on the north ti Rannen-sska on Um soaUi, 
aik!<*«mUinftl many hiiiMin(7« of whirh only the pa^nila nowramains. 
It at pre^nt l4>lnn|:ii to Kennmji tcimple. The name Yasaka, whieh 
is tliai of a di^i^inii nf the rit}, ineanM Kight Rteep Rnsds; vis. thos* 
of (hon, (lifiraknji, Rhimii0iwarft, lf*ikanji, R>i*aen, Suinen, Yama- 
noi, aikl Kiyotnixn. 

Kenninji. 11>>« Hniklhtst temple is also calleil Tosan. It is 
one ot fi rhief nionant^ies of a division of Uie /jen sera ealled 
Rinviha whirli liss To Ivan-li temples. It was biult in Uie tnd 
}««r of Kennin r I3i>'j^ l^y |wr mission of the Khiitnn Minamoto no 
Y«>nie, ami t«Mtk tlie name of the xeai |^iu«l A talJet msailwd 
with th:* nsme was noon after gi^en l<y the Kni|ienw; and a nolM 
prMst Kisai RralUKkolraBlii, a native of Hiaen, was chosen aa ila fin* 



112 

rector. He soon gfter went to China where he studied Boildhtsm 
under the famons priest Ko4in.hei. Returning to Japan lie began 
to propagate the new doctrines he had learned, thus besoming tlie 
founder of the Zen sect. 

lliough the temple is in the most crowded part of the city, its 
groimds are so large that outside noises are excluded. Hiere are 14 
noted sepulohers, among which is tliat of liUsaL Before it is a 

boduiju, tlie sacred tree of the Buddbifsts, which he brought back 
from Cliina. 

Hojo, the oliief hall, is about 600 years old. It was once in the 
Kokuanji, a temple in tlie province of Aki, whence it was brought 
in lall. Hie pictures were painted by members of tlie Kano 
School 

The hall called Hatto was built in 1727. It is 75 feet by 64 feet 
The diief images aiie Sliaka witli two attendants. Tlie gate before 
tliis hall is called Yatate-mon. It was fonnerly the gate of Kiyo- 
mori's xnausiou of Btikuhaia, aiul was romovud in the latter pai-t 
of Uie I6tli oentiiiy. The usmo Yatate signifying "pierced by 
arrows '* came from the many soars of arrow-heads by which it is 
marked. 

There are two bell-towers, the western one containing the famous 
bell of Kawara-in. A temple of tliat name was built at Rokujo 
near tlie close of tlie dtli ceutuiy by Genyn. After it fell into ruins 
tlie bell was tlirowu into the Kamo River wliera it remained until 
Eisai received permission from tlie government to take it for his 
temple. Tiie bell is struck 90 times every midnight and IS times 
near day break, the la^ strokes repi^seutiug so many kinds of cares 
and desires from which men need to be set fi«e. Accoiding to 
tradition it was veiy hard to pull the bell from the river until Eisai 
ordered the men to call out alternately his name and tliat of his 
disciple Shuza. Hie efficacy of this was speedily sliown as the bell 
was easily raised to the bank. At tlie present time men call out 
similar words when moving anything heavy. 

Yasni Temple. '^^^^ ^ on the east side of Kenninji. It is 
very old, dating fi'om a time before the founding of Kyoto. It 
foimerly belonged to the temple called Yasui Kwanshoji. In an- 
cient times Fuji ware no Kamatan, who frequented this temple, 
planted a wistaiia vine which iiourished and produced sucli beauti- 
ful, blossoms that tlie shrine became known as the ** Temple of 
Flowers." Still latei tlie Emperor Sutoku (1121—1141) planted a 
wistaria whicli is said to still bear tiowers every year. A(ter this 
Emperor's death in the province of Sanuki, he was worsliiped here 



•« ftii inmnwiion of IIm i;o(1 Komptrn. Hw Hpirit of Himaolo 
Ym iiiMMi in «ani|it|«il in h ultrine \umu\d the main temple. 

Roknbara Kittrji. Tliii Bnddliiil taiple, eko eelled 
Fiule Rekiimn, in on MiUimwem R*. eed of YemelcMJI and 4 
mile from 8uij5 Bridge It belong! to the 8hingi4ia^ e dlvl. 
mon of tlie Sliingon nect, and ie redumed M Na 17 of the 
60 chief templei leaorted to hjr pilgrime for tlie wonhip of 
Kwennon. The fonnder wee KBy» flhonin, the tnd eon of the 
Rmpnor Deigo (rtOB-OSU). The main hall wae burned in llfIS, bat 
«ae afterward lebniH. It wae repaired in tl^ TWit p«iod (1S6S. 
1307). The inner pari is painted red. The ehief iflMgi ie the 
Rle«en faoed Kvannon. AoMtding to tradition, diving the feign of 
Uw Rmperor Mmakaml (047-007) an epUemie proved fatal to 
miiltitnileii of tlie people of Kyoto. Kiiya Blionin eanred a wooden 
iinagi of Kwannon wliirli lie p\^en\ on a eari and drew eronnd the 
dtr, oflmng prm^rers for tliotie who had been attacked bgr the driad 
ful diwane end at fhe tame time making them drink tea which lied 
l«t«*n offi«7fti( before the iinac^. It i« aaid tliat tlie patiente tlioe 
^ i«iini ««re reMonii! to health, aikl the image wae iniitalled in thie 
tnnplo. Kven now the common people liave a enetom of drinking 
<^a on t1i<* .Inl day of tlie new }ear in order to be protected daring 
tli^ roining montlin from f»pidemir dineanee. Tlie coatom ie Mid to 
lia^e rcifriiiat^d with tlie erent jiint mentioned. On the tontli ie 
a wotnl^n imA|T of Knya fliionin car\Ml \n himeelf, while on the 
n'«t)i in an inuipp of Jico which in naid to lia\e once tamed into 
a \n\e%x in <m|crt«t|i^rfiiiiTi Uie fanrral ritee for tlie mother of a poor 
aikl pfniiH girl who wiir(i)ii|«>d at tlie thrine. Hence the image ie 
rallfti Yenia^iknri no Jizo, or Jifri of tlie KnneiaL It ie aleo 
mllfvl Ketiiiirm.kake no Jiu* )«caiiM it liae a woman's Wmra or wig 
in iu liaiifl. 

Tliere are alfio |ii«>f«enf<l in tlie tumple some famous wooden 
•UtiiM carded by I'likei, which repreeent tlie Rlii Ten no or Foar 
li«*\a Ki»|!ii who giianl IIm^ Wftrld sgainst tlie attanks of demons. 

Chinkoji. Tins KmUlusI temple is commonly known ae 
Ilnkiidii. It !S aUiiii X*\ tt^i east of R<ikuliara Mitsiiji. IU fonndv 
WAS Kfirhnn fttxti, ami it wae rf».b«iilt by Ki»h) I^aishi. At tlie 
left I if tlie main temple it a statiie of Jiio llosaUa; and on tlie 
liglit, i«iM« of Onii.iiiiTskamtva. Aii«4]Mir of tlie latter is in the 
hsll . sllc<l Tskjiinms.|.>, whiln in tho liall ralM Maodo ia a slalne 
rif FifiiiiS'*, the iiriHiiilii^; df*ity of |)m» Htidillitrt Wll. WmA of tlie 
ms:ii t«'iiipl«> i« a •tiiiMt image of J isi I. Tlie reason given for tlie 
nune !i<kkiic|i> appheil to Uiie temple ie tltat when ODo>no- 



lU 

Tidmniirft in his 'viaJons 'visited hell, lie always started from this 
plaoe and retnmed hy way of Slio-Bokudo in Saga. Anotlier ex- 
planation is that when the Emperor Kwammu removed his oapital 
to Kyoto this plaoe was ohoeen for the funeral rites of the oommon 
people and they were hnried at Toribe close by. Henoe this plaoe 
was called Rokndo signifying the six paths (wisdom, charity, con- 
tempUtion, morality, energy, and patience) hy whicdi Ninrana is 
obtained. On tlie 0th and lOth of August Growds of people come 
here to welcome tlie spirits of the dead tliat then re-visit the earth. 

Kiyomisu-dera* 1^^ Buddhist temple, also called Otowa-san, 
is on Matsuwara St. at the east end of that portion known as Kiyo. 
misu-sslca. On both sides of this toAa, or steep road, is sold ihe 
temous earihen-ware known as Kiyomizu-yaki. The distance from 
Sanjo Bridge is a little over 1 J miles. The 17th day of each month 
there is a festival when orowds of worshipers are in attendance. 

The traditional origin of the temple is as follows : — In the reign 
of the Emperor Konin (770-7dl), a Buddhist priest named Elnchin 
lived in Kojima-dera, a temple in Yamato. On account of instruc- 
tion received in adream, lie found near the bank of the Kisu Biver a 
stream of golden color. 'JVacing it to its source he came to a small 
hut where was seated an aged man dressed in white robes. In reply 
to questions this old man, whose name was Oyoei, said, **For two 
hundred years I liave been here praying to Kwamion and waiting 
for you to come and take my place for a while in order that I may 
make a journey to a distant province. TaJce my hut for your home 
and from yonder log make an image of Kwannon. In case my 
return should be delayed until after it has been completed, tlien 
you must also build a shrine in which to install tlie image. As 
Ennhin assented to tliese propositions, tlie old man started out on 
his journey. Afterwards Elnohin found a pair of slioes lying upon 
the ground near by, from which circumstance he was led to believe 
that the old man was a manifestation of the deity who had now 
returned to heaven. Though Enohin was anxious to fulfil his pro- 
mise, he found himself unable to even move tlie log. For years he 
gazed at it in dismay, when at last, in 7d3, a noted general named 
Tamura-maro, while on a hunting expedition in order to get meat 
for his sick wife, pursued a stag to the neighborhood of tlie hut 
Hearing from Endiiu all tliat lias happened, he became so interest- 
ed in ihe story that he hastened home to repeat it to his wife. Slie 
said to liim thai tlie slaying of animals on lier account would serve 
only to increase her guilt and its punishment, while the making of 
the image would be a meritorious deed that would surely bring its 



Hi 

ftmnA. 80 tilt nobU pftir niiitod in Mpisg Badhin mn% Hit inagi 
from the mend wood which h«d bttn j pn yand Iqr Ojoai, or mllMr 
hf KwannoD heiwlf. This ilalot ii now Hkm prineipftl oI^mI of 
wonhtp in Ui« tnnpto. In 794 wli«n XySio wm fonnM XMnoi*' 
maro followed tho Emptror to tlio mm wpitnl and pn9 hit hovit 
for hniUing a dirine which waa oallad Kwannonji, and allU i»* 
maim mider tlia nama TamnradS. Tha imagea thai m% inatallad 
on tlie tidat of tha principal ona aia known aa flhSgnn JiaS BoMlan 
and Slioteki Biahamonlan, botli baing tha worionauhip of Rnchin. 
It in Mid tliat whan Ttannra-maro't arnqr waa cant to infadna tha 
rabellionp prorineaa in tha nortli-aaat thaaa hnagea a ppa ai ad bafova 
it to laad the w^r. TIm maika tliat eliow whtn tliay wwe ainick If 
tlia arrowB of tlia ananqr ara atill ▼inbla. On ona oeeaaion wh«i 
tlia Empamr Kwammn waa ill ha waa raatoiad to health throafh 
tlia prayera of Endiin who liad gone to tlia Palace. Aa a rawwd 
tlw Rmpcror giTC to TWnnm-maro a btiiUing with directiona thai 
it he transfonned into a Buddliiit temple at Kiyomitn. Aa tha 
ground cliown waa iitaep and nneven, it leemed impoewble to araol 
a larfEC bnilding. One ttormy night, lioweTcr, a nnmber of atagi 
came to the plane and witli their home leveled the groond lo tliat 
tlirr^ wA* room for the desired Imildtnp. In :«ii7 tlie Rmpercr 
Ilrijo gave tn Tamnra-maro tlic Rliinliinitftn, one of tlie main lialla 
of In* I'alarf, for tranafercnce to Ki} dmtiu on which he at tlie tama 
time )ie»t<»«ed the name (Howa-an. The building liaving bean 
d^trmed \iy fire in 1708, Tokngaiva lemitau rebnilt it two yaaia 
later. ' 

Tlie Romnn, a two-Moried gaia facing tlie want, containa atataai^ 
earit ov<»r 13 ft high of tha Kongit Rikialii. Tlia Reimon, or 
\Vr«t4*ni fUip, at tlM^ top of a lliglit of atone atepa, contains statnaa 
of Jikskn aiid Tkmon, each being o>rr 6 ft. higli. From tliis gala 
Um^h is a Icantifnl \iew of Kyoto and tlie snrrounding conutiy. 

A tliifvi^t/aird pagtvla has a I«m Tift square. Witliin lain- 
stalM a mtting imsge of Dainichi Nyotmi. 

The K.Mido, or Ltltary, l*Mides a complete set of tli^ llndJIiial 
an;|Htirp% has ima^mi of Rliaka, Monjii, and Fugen. 

Jojiiin in tlie rvfttdrnne of tlw aMiot Here \\\M tlie famooa 
|rw*t rH'sslui, an intimate friend t»f Haigo Taltamnri, Hmno 
Kunirtmi. and otli«>r nolnl penvtmi, with whom lie liad many eon- 
snltatinnn a« to the metlKnl by which tli^ r«kcent restofat.tm of power 
to tlMi Fjni^rnr mii;lit )« eflnViL 11m> i^Lrd^n of this liall waa 
pUniMHl liy tlie fsmoue poet Matonnaga Teitakn. (8es deaaip4i4« of 
Mr>fnanii.) 



116 

Tuniurado, 26f i square, was built, as has been said, by Tiuniiraniaro 
himself. It contains statues of him and of Enohin 

The Asakurado, on tlie east, has an image made in imitation of the 
one installed in the Main Hall South of it is a noted water-basin 
having an owl carved on its f oondation. The neighboring bridge is 
called Todoroki-baslii. 

The Hondo, or liain Hall, is a bnilding in tlie style of a palace, 
with tlie roof made of hino/ti bark. It is tfCft by 74ft. There is an 
outer coiridor called naijin, wliile the imier part is the nai-naijm. 
Tlie latter contains the principal statue of Kwannon and several 
other images. In front of the building is a bukdf or stage for danc- 
ing, which is so constructed over a steep slope that i^ outer edge 
is o^ft. from the ground below. On the 17th of August in eadh 
year there is a kind of religions dance called Ro.'cuaairnembtd9u. Two 
small wings extending from the platform are for the use of the 
ordiestra. Formerly many devotees leaped from tliis stage to tlie 
ground below, believing that in this way an answer to theii* pi-ayers 
would be eecui^ In order to prevent sudi acts, the edge of tlie 
platform is now protected by railings. Many tablets are hung on 
tliis stage ; and on the western side is an image of Amida called 
Shiodadii Nyoi-aL 

Jinuslii Jinslia is a Bliiuto slirine built on the bank beyond tlie 
Main Hall. It is not known when it was constiiioted; but, if Uie 
tradition of its being re-built in 793 by Tamura-maro is con-eot, it 
antedates that year. Here are worsliiped Onamuchi-no-Mikoto and 
four other deities. The picture of a cUagon on the ceiling in Kagu- 
radd was painted by Kano. 

• Shakado, 80ft square, and facing west, is on the east side of the 
Main Hall. It contains a sitting image of Shaka. 

Honshido, also called Amidado, is south of Shakado and faces 
west. It is 38 ft. by 31 ft Besides an image of Amida, it contains 
othen of Kwaunon, Seishi, Jizo, and Enko DaishL 

Okuno-in is a liall of six sides built on tlie site of Oyoei's hut. 
Its chief image is of the Thousand-handed Kwannon. Theie are 
also images of Jizo, Bisliamon, and others. It lias a 6tUui, or 
dancing stage 32 ft. by 21 ft. 

The well-known waterfall called Otowa-no-taki is oast of the Main 
Hall at the foot of a long diglit of stone steps. Its source is a pond 
called Cliigo-ga-fudii wliicli is on the hill in the rear. The water 
is famous for its purity and coolness. It is believed tliat diseases of 
all kinds are cured by bathing in the fall. Above it is a shrine 
dedicated to Enchin. 



->■-■■. -'--~ - '■ r- *iMb 



U7 

Visbi OtUlif OB (k^ AMI of TaoMifto^jU eonUiiif Uw tomb of 
flDiimAn Blionin, oUmwiM known tm Kenthin Dftiihi, who WM Uw 
foonbr of the Shin Met Forroorly it wm within tlM (romidi of 
Chion-in, being remored htn bj leyten in 1603. Aeeoiding to aa 
old onvtom, bonee of ijeoeeeed f ollowere of the Shin leet an nat 
licre for bnrieL Tlie Tiew from the entmnoe guto ie oat of th» 
maet eitreeti^ in Kyoto. Tlie pond in front ie croeeed bgr a elone 
bridge whidi from iU ehepe ie eelled lfe|Ane4Mhi, or fl^peeleele 
BHdgv. Neer Iqr ere meny elMny end meple %eee whieh, like the 
lolne plenle, et^eot meny Tiettare wlien Hmj ere in Uoeeom. fleet 
of tlie tridga ie e noted mgo pebn. 

Within Uie pte ere tlie llein Hell, Ornm Towwr, Heiden, BfiiS^ 
eto. AHIim^i All hnt tlie Dyudu, or Anoeetrel Hell, wem bnriMd 
in Ml. tliqr wore eoon rebtiilt. In 18 iO, wlien the Bleok Boom 
of tlM Omiye IHUeoe wee giteii to tliie temple, Uie teblele of the 
piioneNDve Rmporm whioh it conteiuetl were brought liere^ Th« 
Anoestrel Hell end Heiden ere inside e gele oelled Niten-mon; end 
within e stone well ere grevee of ell tlie ebbcvle efter Kennyo 
Slionin, tlie lltli. A hill on the ee«t oellad Toribe-yeme ie oovemd 
witli greieii, e« it liee long bi«n tli^ buriel piece for the foUowere of 
meny Iliidlhiiit eectii. In tlie ere of Keirhfi (ISM— 16 U) tlie hill 
is eeUI to ]ie«e Ijeen a ted for ctometion. 

DaibtlttQ Hok5ji- 'nti> temple, which ill mibiKt to Myolioin, 
is Hitieitad et the end of Yameto dji TIm firwt biiildinge were 
circtcd in 15 K> by Hideyoelii. The prinripel utriirture wee SOufL 
liiffli etui rnnUined e Deibiitim or (Ireet Imefip of Hiiddlie 16<Jft in 
li^ight All were de^troj-M in tlie fttrtlKjoeke of 1696. In 1614, 
llidryori, the son of Hid^yoshi, rvlmilt tlie temple, piecing in ite 
M«ttf«1 imegf of Ihiddhe meile of Ironai* end 6«ift high. When 
cntnplHMl, e gnuid ceremony of dniicetinn lieil been eimooneed. 
All tlM» people of Kyoto etui tlie neighboring c<tuniry who eoald do 
to rem» to witneae tlie eierciaee in which handreds of priesti wem 
it* peiti<*ipet«. lUrdly lied tlie eeremoniee co m menced when two 
linrnrni^n eeme from Uie ofAciel who wen tlie repreaenletate in Kyoto 
of the Fdirigtin lyeyeeu, end eommendrd tlie eierctaee to be eloeeiL 
Hie r«*e«on eft4>rwenlii esiiigned for tlie order wee tliet lyeyeea ooi^ 
•ul^nl tliet tlie inMTtptione npon tlie greet bell wem en inenlt to 
himfvlf. 'Hie fhiit plireee to wliirli lie fonnd olje^on wee the 
eppervntly petricHic sentiment ** K«ddui Anko*' "Uey tlie netioa be 
tnin.|nil eml jeoiiperoiis.'* Hie se^Hid en<1 lest of tlie fo«v Cluneee 
rliAieri4»r» used for writing this plirese weie tlie seme tliet em 
emplojied in the neme leyeen, end tlieee, he leetewleil lo lhink« 



>■ 



wen introdnoed by way oif mockeiy. Here then was aomeihing 
mare suepioioua than the *'C9iop8 aud tomato sauce ** of the famous 
letter produced in tlie Pickwick trial. Nor was this all. Another 
inscription read. **0n the east it welcomes the bright moon, and 
on the west bids l^well to the setting sun. " This was taken to be 
a oomparison of ly^yasu to tlie moon, while Hideyori, whose place 
he had usurped, was spoken of as the sun. Wlietlier treason was 
really suspected or whether the whole proaeeding wa? a part of 
lyeyasu's solieme for lessening tlie power of his rival is uncertain; 
but in either case the stopping of the expected festivities caused 
great displeasure to the Uirongs tliat had gathered. A riot, wliich 
the oflioials were unable to repress, resulted in much injury to per. 
sons and property. 

Hie statue was again destroyed by« the terrible earthquake of 
1662. Most of tlie bronze of which it was composed having been 
made into coins, a statue of wood was constructed a few years later. 
Tliis was Hti'uuk by lightning in 1775 and again in 171);^. On the 
latter occasion it was set on fire and wholly destroyed. In isul 
some Buddliists in Osaka constructed tlie present image which is 
only about Vio the size of tlie original one. It is placed in a build- 
ing which was formerly a dnessing-room of 'Hideyoshi. The dimeu- 
sions of the statue are said to be as follows. 

Height 12 ft. Widtli of Mouth 9 ft. 

Width of face 21 •* Lengtli of ear 12 ** 

LengUi <* ** 30 *' Circumference of neck. . 36 ** 

: «• «« eyeUow B " Breadth of cliest 39 " 

" "eye 5 " 

** " nose 7 " 

One can go by a galleiy to the back of the image and see the beams 
by which tlie parts of the image are joined and sustained. 

Near by is the bell which gave leyasu so mudi displeasure. It was 
oast by a founder named Sansho of Nagoya. After the tumultuous 
scenes connected with the dedicatoiy services, the boll lay useless for 
more than two centuries, until li.i-k when a tower was built and the 
bell hung there in. It is lift higlii 91ft. in diameter, and about 
11 indies thick. Thus, with the exception of the bell in Cliion-in, 
it is the largest in Japan. Its weight is about 63 tons. 

Toyokuni Jinsha. '^^^^ Sliinto slirine is on the south side 
of the temple containing the Daibutsu. Its name was bestowed upon 
it by Imperial decree in 1599. Here the spirit of the noted general 
Toyotomi Hideyoslii is deified and worshiped- At first the shrine 
belonged to a larger temple called Hokoji which is said to have been 



119 

a bMQiifnl itrnctiirt wiili np&otirB deoonUionfi It wm bmtd ia 
1770. Only a lonely stone monnnient marked ita site notil tht 
time of tlie Restoration (lacs) wlien nieaeuiee wa tikan for ra- 
Inildins. Tlie work wia eomplated in UiM. In 137S, tlia rank of 
tlia temple wia raiMd, it being made a bMikm kwtmp M a^ tliat ii^ 
one wliirli tlimigli not aetnally of tlie higliei4 nmk is jet nftla- 
laineil \j tlie Imperial Govemmeui Hie elaUnte |^te at the front 
of the (emple wae originally oMd in the Mofnoyana Falaea thai 
Hkleyoalii built in PnahimL Tlie canring ie bgr the famow aitlat 
Hidari Jingora Hie tablet bearing iNe Oiineee ehanelan aigni^r- 
ii« •"The Oimi God Tojcdmni" waa written bgr the Empver 
Goyoiei (1(M7— 16II> At tlie rear of the temple ia AmidaHUI 
where Hideyodii waa buried. The temple hoUa ita annaal tetifal 
on S»pt I>)tli. 

Tejtitimil IIhW>«hlwnUwKmor A pnMnnl who llv«4 In Um vllli«« af Wate- 
in«T« In lh» prnvltiTp of 0««H. nbnal 1 1 /t mll«i trnm Nagngra. FVuai l«ihiiC7 ^^ 
vl««flv «••«> itffly thot tiM vlUafvni nlckiMUiiMl him "Mmikoj;** Mia ma hof hlf 
k^r Kit tiilvhlnroua ii|inrlii wanted lo f1v« iiddlUoiMU JiHUflcallon Ibr lh» INlo. 
WHm lif> wwiHght jrmn oM hU rather dl-d. mid Cliikwunl, m wrvMH of Odo 
KMutriwm. b^litf T9r9i\96 Inln Ikmllv brr*m^ hlo Mtofted flhilwr. Clillraonil. 
dnrfrlrtff to hovr the tiojr traiiird Ibr the prtrathood. wnl hloi In m aHchboHng 
IrmH**. •hmr* mhhni mi nncr remfiilrod In tl*«* fMipll >lfiM of rmorkAblo oMIMj. 
To hl« l«wlK>r*« dNppfnlntinrtil, however, |lil« genliMdld itnl manias Hair tal 
dtllc^iti4ud«. Tlie lw»ir OM nlooy* wkliifl tn nnipe fHOTi hlo booko. Omofhla 
lb« nrlte •niowmientii « ■• to play the |«irt ofienenU while he armoi oUwr bojro 
with l«int«m and tH them ti* flfhtlnf. Th«> prknlii. thoqgh IronNed hf his Millc«» 
kef4 Mm III tlie temple oiilll heoa«lwrWe yr«n oT Mfe. whfs. Mnwdlnf !• Ik* 
■tnry mmimitily Inltl, the firflnvlng nrmnrmr Itronght mntlemlo • clHmii. Tht 
hnv ««■ one dey orilefed to pinre the ovial ofl^Hiic nf fend b>a m Amldft^i Imne*' 
In4n4f««th-mi«l Inlhertnlite. ' Yoii hore the rrpoiitlmi of helat aMo to Mp 
men. HfH that l« the reowm « hy «t manr mnie to wntohip In thio lefnple. Thovfli 
fhnd la timixht tn rnu every dav. I have if\rr wen jmt rat out. Wlthooi fMid 
how ran v«iu g*i MCrrtitth to help nthfta* It yma dn not know ommfll !• mA 
when the A* • I l« pl.irt<«1 Ivftire y«Ni. ttifn Ttni nfe no dlYlnlty, but oalyaoMilaNi 
Imofl* Vtkinr I will •mnah vi«itn pi-rr»," llnvlt« pntdnan tlie o m rlngB and 
■ ailed l«wc*finiich tn five AmMa a Ailrfhanretn mert the teat, the I oy look owo 
ol thr !>*•<* 'atMll* aClrhfl frani the altar and <«»nimen<Td an aaMwIt on the Imofa 
• hmr h«-ed annii tumM^I to the fkinr The toniittt atlrartrd tha prlrala who at 
anr^ lainMi^ th*> Toniw %mtwv\ii0A fmHi tha temple 

Afirr *artnii«a«1venCur*e he heram« a aervantof tho mdod nda KohwnaM l«# 
n \mm an a^vmnt la rt« en In rmmeeltAn « Ith the de«rr1|dl*m <■# Tkkol*« Tamflo. I 
whfMii h» a^rted Mt arrefaaMya* to be pff«*ntotad fnon ane | awH I <in tn anrthov 
ontll he berante the iiHsd inaMod nf KnKiir«ra^ feraratla. Ta Mm hi a largo 
defffe* « ere iIim the aiieremea *>t lila moaler 1 Imngb bo atndled but lltlla. ho 
aaomed V« Imi e a rainral ronlna fnf military la* tlf^ whirh. >'fiiod lograat |<or« 
aMenrv a'ld br««rry enahled Mm In rain the «t«lnry merall Mafor« Whllo 
lllttritwhl oa* oarrlno afwln^ MAn 7etnm«4*t In Iha |on«liMoo# llartmo. Kob»> 
rora «aaktll«1 in K9^•••by tl« tr«a<bery nf hH nwn vaMal. Akorbl. llldoroaM 
at nw-e ha»1rr««| lack li.aanlatliO mpttol. df-fentrd AketMUi a Intlte f«a(#Hl al 
)an ataki. ai«l eiitor^ K^Atnin irtiini|-b. IW rmfviK de«trod In reward Mi 
Imraliy hy an advaftre |n rank, fmt lltdryiohl refmtn* the penrfered b owi w . fl^io 
MmMlf III the t»^ of aubjufwlhif tno «arli4n foodal nnbN* whndtvtdadlho 
ry lata what wort poacttcmlly lapiniH kl 



190 

people for tlie fint Uiue tu tlie lunidred yean stnoe ttio dvU war of the Ojtn 
PMTlod enjoyed llip bluMtiig of iienctt. llobocaiue lUo virtue! iiMiHttrcb of Jopon. 
Tlwugli or lowly orlffin lie wae made Kvembeku. or Kegent, on ottloe wlilch 
before bed beou held only by tbe higbeel noblee. 

It la eeld UmU after tbo mibjusatloa of bla enemlee, Hldeyodd waa eeen to be 
weeping. Wben aeked tbe ooceidon of ble grief, be replied In wocda tbat remind 
neof Alexander tbe Great **Ala«. how mifoirtnnate I am to bare been bom In 
■QcbaemallooantryaB Japan; where, bavlng defeated all myenomlee, there 
lematne nothing more to bo aooomplliihed!** The ambition that thus found cz- 
proMloa led btni to aend an army to Invade Gbrea. He eren bad thougbtti of ono- 
qoerbigOblna and uniting that with Japan and Unrca tn onevaet empire. The 
Japeneee gained many victurlee iiiOraea; but the death of Uldeyoihl. wblohoe- 
enrred lu 1MB In tbe prorlnce of IIlBcn, led to tbe recall of tbe Army. 

Ae elated in the hietorloal aeotton of thie book, HIdeyoihl wae noted forhlsex- 
tenelYe building opeimtlona. Many of the works u n de r ta k en at hie orders were^ 
KyStoand the Immcdiata vldnlty. In tbe accounts of ssYeiml templee ipentlcn is 
made of gateways. piearars'boaBee, and other buildings which have been re- 
mored from the magnificent palace which be erected at Momoyama In Fnshlmt 

In the history of tbe Roman Qithollo Ohurch Hldeyosbl Is remembered as the 
one who. Instead of continuing Nobunsga^ patronage of Christianity, gave orders 
for the destruction of churches, the expulsion of the misslonarlee, and the per> 
sscutlon of believers. In older Kuiopean books be Is often called after one of bl> 
tltlee, Talkbaama. An InteresUng account of Uldeyo^l's life by Walter Dening 
has been publlsbed by tbe Hakubiinsba. 

Nearly oppodte the entxance to the temple Lb tlie Mimi-zolcft, or 
Ear Mound, where were bnried tlie dissevered ears of tliousands of 
Coreans, which were larought home by Hideyoshi's soldiers as 
trophies of the victories. 

. Myoho-in* This, which ifi one of the principal temples of the 
Tendai sect, is situated east of tlie Imperial Museum. It was 
founded by Denl^o Daishi in the Eniyaku period (732 — 306). It 
waa originally one of tlie temples of Mt. Hiei, whence it was 
removed to Yasalca and afterwards to its present site. In 1134 the 
ex-Emperor Ooshiralmwa built witliin the temple grounds many 
buildings, among which was a residence for himself. In this way 
and by the grant of an extensive estate he laid tlie foundation of 
the temple's prosperity. He was the first priest of this temple to 
assume the name of Monseki, a title given to Imperial princes who 
become monks. From then until modem times, sons of the 
Emperor have held the office of abbot. When Uieie was no Im- 
perial prince, tlio son of some noble would be a^lopted ly tlio 
Emperor Uiat lie might be qualified for tlie position. On leaving 
the Palace lie was presented witli a sword; tlie Emperor bade liun 
farewell in the Sliisliiuden, a liall of tlie Palaoe: and the nobles 
escorted him to the sonthem gate. 

When Uie Imperial Palace was burned in the Temmei period 
(1731 — 1789) tliis temple was made the temporaiy residence of the 
Empress, who remained tliere for a year. It was in the building 
called Shinden that Prince Saujo and six other nobles held a con- 



niltoitoii in 1903 and domdnl io ftoeompuiy the CliSthin men 
vlioM Qftiae Umj lud a tp oniad and who Uad bean ordered to with, 
tew (mm their poet ee guerdiane ui one of the Falaee grtee. In 
1867 tliie Imilding wee eold and the money oontrHmted to the 
KtuIo HoepitaL At tlie faeginnii^ of the lleiji period (la68) the 
temple wee appointed ee tlie pieoe for enteHaining foieign grandeea. 
Abont Uie Mme time tlie reqiiiiement bj wliidi tlie oAoe ol ehbol 
wae lield only Igr Imperial prinoee wae abohelied. Hie Impvitl 
Honrehold Depaitment ctill mekee to tlie temple an anneal pan! 
of 2uO kokn of rioe. The gronnde, whieh onee eomprieed lUl aenei 
em now xedneed to one tenth of thai amei 

Tliere are two galee, boUi feeing weet, ol whieh tiie one at the 
north i* called Kara-mon, and the otlier Bdmon or Goennum Gala. 
rtmiti% throcgli tlie ]a'4er, Tieiton em an old pine tme with ili lofMff 
limbe alrooet tonshing tlie ground. Entering bj the Gmimtm^ or 
povdi, time is peeii on ilio right liand the palanqnin in whieh 
lYinre Krunin wee l-ronglit from tlie ralaee wlien lie wee to beeome 
eliiiot of the temple. On one of the ecreene of the palanqnin 
iff ilie picture of a pine tree painted hy Kano llitetmoho. Other 
pietiirra of Chine«e boye under a blooming tree and of a woman 
in e bcriit were peanled I7 Kano Ynkinoba. 

Tli# Main Hell in Sift bnr 27ft, ita fvineipal image beii« of Pnhen 
Ilomtim. Tlie bufiofit Uiilding, cnlled Kiiri, ie 78ft. hf 76ft Daieho. 
in mw lined l^Ttiftikiimoniii, tlie e<iiiJM«i of tlie Rmpvnr (lomiimioo 
(liiia-iri20>. TliA pirtiirr* of pemoiw, Uide, ftowere, and eheny 
trer« trr \iy Keno Kitokii ; tliow of pemone paintnl on the wall and 
in tli«» Uikn nt ilie npper ro<im, \rj Kano Shoei; tlioee of melone 
and pitm^grenaiM, by Ogiiri Smtlifi; and thone of ehiymntlieinunie 
Inr Kjino K.itrtkii. Tlir cmitt in front wen made in imitation of thai 
in tli# MiimoMime I*eUuw et Knuliimi. In the Aicielioin am placed 
tfhm of llidcyonhi enl cIntliMi thet l«longed to e Korean king. 
(>kn«lioin wmR f(»r tlie nee of the FjnprTorp, and itill eontaine a 
rliAir (in wliirii tliey net Witli tliie Imilding in eonneeied a 
pinirn ilevigtMid by Kolmri Rnnlra, from whieh tliere ean be 
tliroiigli tlie himboo grove, tlie pagoda of Kiyomim. 

Tlie tveaeiine of tlie temple inelnde pieturet of twelve Su wim Igr 
Kofle Kene<ike, one of wild reeve among reedi Inr Riuki, of e diagon 
end tiirer liy fleMliu, of hiitie and llowere by Kyoeb, a l a ndwnp e I9 
Hun dmniei, eml e foUling Kveen vitli pirtnre of wavee hf Okie 

SanjCtangendo. n<^ tlw Ihulmtvu,!* properly called iWns^in, 
enl ii miUmlinete to Myuho-in. Tlie name tigniflee **Tliirt3r-thme 
Ken Hall,** the oidimuy Am beii« eit f eel in ton^th; hot the wmd 



tffi 



189 

ifi liare used of tlie 33 spaces between the pillars, whidi spaoee are 
each 12 ft. ; tlius makiug the building 39G ft. in length ; its breadth 
being 57 ft. It was built in 1132, at the command of the ex- 
Emperor Toba, by Taira-no-Tadamori, for the reception of 1,001 
images of the Eleven-faced Kwannon. Tliirty-two years later the 
ez-Emperor Qoshirakawa onlei^Toira-no-Sliigemori to erect another 
building of the same dimensions in which were placed l,OUl images 
of the Tliousand-Jianded, Tiiousand-e}'ed Keujizaison. Botli buildings 
with their contents were destroyed during a battle tliat occurred in 
1182. Having been restored by Mimamoto-no-Yoritomo, they 
were again burned in 1213. The present temple was erected in 1260 
by command of the Emperor Kameyama. 

In the center is an image, Id ft. high, of the Tliousand-handed 
Kwannon, which was made by Tankei. Around it are 23 images of 
tlie Buahut or followers of Kwannon ; while arranged in a series of 
long tiers are 1,001 images of Kwannon. On the Imnds, foreheads, 
and halos of these statues tliere are other representations of the 
same goddess ; so that the temple is often known as tliAt of the 
83,333 images of Kwannon. 

In front of the building is the well called Yonaki-iziuni, and a 
pond called Hi5tan-ike wliere in early summer tliere are blossoms of 
the plant called kakiUubata. 

The roof and sides at one end of the rear verandah are filled wiUi 
marks made by anows, while many of tlie iron hea^ls of the missiles 
are still euibeddod in the wood; showiug tliat this was once a 
famous place fur arolieiy. A priest, who was fond of that sport, 
was tlie first to dioose the ground liohiiul the temple for 
its practice; and it became a favorite spot whither came 
the aamurai of the city to test or exliibit their skill. To 
escape the summer's heat they transferred tlie target to the \emndali, 
where tlie degree of failure was marked by the place where the arrow 
struck the wood work. The victor in these contests was rewarded 
with a aaihaif or general's baton, made of gold or silver. It is 
recorded that Wasa Dailiachir5 from the province of Kii, in shooting 
13,053 arrows, caused 8133 to hit tlie mark at a distance of 32V)ft. 

A legend connected with tliis temple says that the ex-Einperor 
Ooshirakawa, being unable to gain from physicians any relief from 
the severe headaohes with which he was afflicted, went on a pilgrim- 
age to the temples of Kumano in the province of Kii. The deity 
there worshiped appeared to him saying that he ought to consult an 
Indian physician who was living at Inabado in Ky5to. He accord- 
ingly went to tliat temple and while spending the night in prayer 



.^^ ■JT-TTi V •-=:.■ ■^'■JJ!'-.-"*" 



in 

Umto cum A prieRl of nolile tfipMnmee who Mid tfial in (omMr igtt 
Um oi-Bniiwror liad been a priett at Kanumo, who had bMB to 
faitlifnl in making pilgrimigM and otMrving iha lawi of BtKilliiam, 
ilial Im liad bnn ra-bom as an emperor. The iknll whidi hid 
belonged io him in tlie farmer life liad nol yet wlioUy tamed to 
dnet but wae etiU ljii« in the 1*1 of tlie IwaU River. FVom it had 
pown a willow-tree whieh, being iliaken I7 tlie wind, eanaed tlie 
idinll to move about and time tlie i*int were made to tlioot Vnroogh 
the Rmperor*! lieed. Tlie Emperor liaving time learned tha 
eanee of tlie tronlile, had tlie ri%er eearohed nntil tlie tree and 
tlie tknW were fonnd. Tlie trunk of tlie former waa made the 
|rinfli|ial beam of the temple baiH at tlie Emperor's oommaad; 
wliile tin iknU was depoeiteil in tlie liead of tlie inMfe of 
Kwannoii, wlieia it rei4«i1 so qiiietljr tliat tlie Em|«ror'a haadielm 
weie entirely cnmL 

Chithakn-in, <^1^o mlleil Irliijrvain or Ooliyakn Bntraian 
Konnuji, in tittuted on Higanlii Kawara-maclii near tlie Daibntsiu 
lleiiig tlie prinripal t4>mple of tlie Rliingi diTision of tlie Stiingon 
•pct it luM I5<h> templ^K iimicr itK jtoimlirtinn. It was iMiginalhr in 
Ui# province of Kii, having been fouinled by Ksknl«n ( Ki Jnro Daislii) 
in tli# l«>i:inning of tlie I2tli crntunr. It was destroyed in lui5 hf 
llHlm-nnlii beraiifte its pric«ts listl armed tliemselvee against him. 
Tlie chief priest, Oemii, msking gnml his esnape, eonrealeil liimaell 
in K}di(> mhctft in lr>l& tlie Titkiipiwa Hli«igiiiiat« fvesented him 
witli a temple. As this was bnmetl in 10-42, tlie present baildinge 
w«e ererteil in 16^5. 

Kiiil», I<iHft |jy f>lft, has an imsge of Fnilo Myoo, Sft in lieiglit^ 
made l«v Khkrn IHiislii. Karamon Ckite in front of this and flhoin 
in tlie resr vrere miginslly in the Monio^ama palaee et Fiisliimi. 
Tlie pictures on the MTiieiit of Slioin wme painteil by Kano Nolo, 
lutfii. The ganb*!!, tleMgnrd \ty 8en-no-RiJgru, is beautifted I7 tlie 
mountain Irliinl it Ooinado, lAck of Rhoin, lias an image of PodB 
llyoo msile tiy Kobi> I^aislii. Psiiiliidi> and Kaisando are on tha 
hill Wliiml Hhoin. Formerly the ai'liool of the f^iingi division waa 
loratoil lieie, liaviiig a tlioiHanil young priosts fi f«m all |Sirts of Japan 
as its )Hi|iiU, Isit owing to the linrning of Uie dormitories and other 
baiklings it was lemoveil to Tokyo. 

Among tlie treasitr«»« of the temple may 1^ nientioneil pictivee 
of Kojakii Myoii hj (lio Hliik}n, of (lodai 8onn6 hy KakolAii, and of 
wa^e« on tlie see (Mia*>t bv insk»tAU. 

Higathi Hoogwanji, «» Karasimiani fiL, Aiirhijii, near tha 
lUalrottl Station, wm founded by Tokn^iwa leyaan in 16U& Tha 



groundi include 14 aorea. The bnildingi have been burned four 
iunea, via. in 1788, 1800, 1850, and 1864. The last conflagration 
was in conaM^fin with the attempt of the Ghdslra troops to obtain 
possession of Ihe Palace and the Emperor, when, as nairated in the 
histoxioal sketah, a large part of Kyoto wa^ burned. Since that time 
a temporary building wliich stands in the nodiliern part of the 
enclosure lias been occupied. In 1870 plans were made for the 
rebuilding of the Daishido, or founder's Hall, and Amidado ; the 
frame of the former being erected in May, 1339; and of the latter, 
in November, 1892. It ia expected that the opening of the two 
buildings will be celebrated in prll, 1895. Great zeal has been 
shown in tlie erection of these magnificent buildings. Tlie Higashi 
or Eastern branch of the Shin sect has great iniluence among the 
common people, especially among those living in the provinces on 
the eastern shore of the Japan Sea. Many stories are told of the 
sacrifices made hy tliem in order to help in Uie erection of the build- 
ings. It is said tliat tlie peasants in one place were desirous of 
sending for tlieir contribution a magnificent kcffahi tree to be used 
for one of the pillars in the temple. Tlie tree was however regarded 
as sacred hy those who had the right of disposal and Uiey therefore 
refused to allow it to be cut down. One of the peasants therefore 

committed suicide by hanging himself from the branches of the 
tree, thus polluting it so Uiat no f urtlier objection was made to its 
removal. Many women out off their hair tliat it might be made 
into ropes tliat could be used in drawing the materials used in con. 
struction. Some of these ropes, of which there were 53 in all, may 
be seen at tlie temple. Tlie longest is aoofi in length aud 1.8ft. in 
circumference. The largest has a circumference of 1.6ft., and is 
138ft. long. Hie architect of Daishido is Ito Heizaemon of Nagoya. 
Hie carvings are mostly by Tanaka Bunya, Soiie Tokubei, and 
Kuyama Shintar5, of Kyoto; Tamura Risliidii of Etohn; and 
Hayase Cliobei of Nagoya. Tlie arcliitect of Amidado is Kinoko 
Tosai ; the carvings being for the most part by Matsui J5unsai and 
Tamura lUsliichi. 

'Hie now Daishido, or Founder's Hall, which staiuls in the oontor 
of Uie grounds, facing the east, is a grand, massive building, being 
the largest temple in Japan. Its front measures 2dOft., wliile the 
depth is 112ft The number of pillars is 232 and of tiles on the 
roof is 175,067. The wood visible to the eye is keyaki^ the marking 
of some of the massive pillars being very beautiful. The innermost 
and holiest room, called Uie Naijin, lias an image of Kenshin 
Daishi, the founder of the Shin sect. The ceiUng is of what is 



ISS 

mlUd ilM " iliree-fokM ** rt/Wi. No:i?i of H U tli9 RiiViji.n«vms 
or Room of 8ii Cliirmslera. Still faii!i«r tuntfi art Um npptr And 
lover toom^ of tlia Tinlione, who ii ilia wife of Uie Alibnt, tlili tmA 
noi rerinbiiig oelikuj on ilie peit of lie fvieitii. Tlie rooms ire 
it»n1 on eeiUin ei'rentilinary ojjuiiomi wlien ilie w^lli litrtai^ 
AilrtiikiiU come to Ulte pcut in i*ie eeremon'et. Sntlt of t'li 
NAijin are three mome cjUleJ JjB.-Q'i-nis Kiji-n >-nii, enl H.titt-no- 
nu. Hie ceiling in tlie flnt two are in tlie **foUeil " el/lew TIm 
iwircnik of tliew roonm ere beedljr gikleJ, vliUe o.tr tliem ere ei* 
qniftite eervin^ of plioeniien, liiids of petedine, ets. TUe male need 
in tlie M^en rooms tlioe far meutimieil nnmLer aiu. Five roome 
to tlie ee^t of tlieee ere eelleJ Bikn.nAi, or I mule tlie Bir*f, tliey 
being for tlie nae <if irlesta auJ bel.e.ere of nui7<. Tiiej luve 1^3 
neta. Tlie fl\e rootna eeslof tlieM, 1ie%ln;;C0imatfs O(*mpoee tlM 
GwtujU^ wliicli ia fur tlie nie of oniiutty voraliipre. Tlie eartfi^ji 
on the oatKitle and iiiaide of tite biiiUing ate of et|tualte wuekntin* 
tin p. Frctm tlie eeves et the fonr camera of the baikLu8 lung 
omAfneuUl liella about 1. ift in leii;;tTu 

'ih« newly .Imilt Hoihlo car AmUlHlo, fontli of Daifihldo, alao faoee 
Uie ea»t It in 1 1'. ft bm^r, IJJft clM»p, and I i.'t Inch. Tlie ntiio 
pillam niiin-4*r in, and tlio t.le» I M, *i'j; while t le inaU in Na jin, 
Hakiinai, ami Cfwaijin amount to C '1. In tlio N^ijin ia an imice of 
Amula. On a^wh utile of Naij»n are two riM>m«, thone ailj* lining it 
lining ralle«l Yoma-no-ma, ami tlie fiuther mieK Yonia.iii»-tangi.n<^ 
ma. One of ihe*e ro<>mi> ia f«ir the nre nf the aUmfa wife. 

*l1i# l4>ll-t4»wer in front of Am J nl • wi« pre«eiit9 1 at t le eipente 
of fmty thfitmand jra b^' t^e Kun.iii» family of N^'VS tlia arjh.tj.*l 
lieiiig Iti Hf ixjtem«m i»f the name rit/. 

Kan-lloiidit, orTemp'vmry l^Iain H.UI, which inno.t^ of DaialiU^s 
lia« a »tanii.ii;; imtge of Aindi rarTO>l b/ Va«ii.am'. At .ti a*d«e 
ar^ pla c«l taMcU of thu p:e»eiit Knipcror am) hin iinm^liiile |c«iile» 
r0>Mior. Ill tlie miboitbiLit^ iihrinff on tlii* loft liaii-I in tha iinii:* of 
Shutii)vn Ta.Khi, whilfi tliat at tin* r Rht hami lu« oiieof H«>»en 
H*i->niiL In the Yom% o i tlie richt lunl aile aie utitne^ nf «ii 
ablMitfi, ami in tliai of ili« l<*ft are iiblH* for the Bmpk*rur Kun\<'a. 

ICan-I>ai»h ilil,or Temporary KoumWii Hall, ineaft itf Kari HoniVi 
ami U'-^i nftiiili. Thft rhief o'lje -t of wo:fihip i« a Kiit.vl irnvT* '*f 
K^n^iiii Pa.ihi i)ar«nl \ri himself ami ci^eii bt h in an a nMim>i»ial 
to tlip «lf>%i>l««4Hi m the ea»t<*iii p ittiii*^*, whe:<* .t ivmi4ii^ nut I 
Iroiiglit to tint tpmplft Irr ivtl#r of TiJiiocawa Ie,.asii. On t'le lefk 
head aide lianga a picture (4 tlie late abUH »lio died in I iUI, wliil« 



iS4.i:' 



136 

piotuxes of j[ihe other abbots are on Uie right side. In the right- 
hand Toma are installed tlie sacred plirasea ivritten with 9 and 10 
oliaraoters. 

Among Uie most famous treasures are an image of Kenshin 
Daishi oarved tgf Jpyo; one of Tangyo by Nioshin; tliree piotaras of 
Shaka*s Sixteen Disciples by Shotoku Tsishi; a standing image of 
Amida oaned by Kyonio Shonin, the 12th abbot; a picture of Shaka 
\ty Ikkiu; pictures of tlie Sixteen Disciples by Koze Hirotalca; and 
the same subject by Kyuei. 

Slioseien, tlie pleasure-garden of the temple is about 1 eh^ east 
of tlie temple. As in former times Ki^Jni (cUnti fufoa) was planted 
around tlie enclosure, it is commonly known as Kikoku-tei, and the 
neighboring streets are called Kikoku-baba. Tlie garden, which has 
an area of about 7 acres, was originally the pleasure-ground of 
Kawara Sadaijin Oenyu, In 1631, Tokugawa lemitsn gave it to 
Sennyo Shoiiiu, the I3th abbot. H-deyoslu's MomoyaniA Palace 
was brought here, and tlio garden planned by Isliikawa Joisaii, the 
famous poet. The garden in front of Riuodii-tei was designed by 
Kobori Eushu. The special places of interest in these gardens 
were formerly reckoned as 13 in number, but only a few of them 
escaped the conflagration of liQL Ingetsu-ike is a large pond 
occupying about a third of the whole garden and liaving tliree islands 
which are covered with large ti^es. The view of tlie moon sliiuing 
upon the pond as seen from the Shinsetsu Bridge is much praised. 
Several large trees growing near it have their distinctive names. A 
Ktone lantern of nine layers upon a small island is said to mark tlie 
tomb of Gtonyu. Shikuen-tei, or Distance- shoi-tenuig House, is a 
tea>room so named because in olden times, ere tlie ti'eos had grown 
so large, Mt. Hiei could be so dearly seen tliat it seemed as though 
it were part of the garden. Tlie frame-pieaes of the ceiling are 
made from the liandles of spears used by seven of Hideyeehi's noted 
warriors. The basin by the side of tlie house is one that was 
used by Oenyu. A bridge called Kwaitokwaku leads to tlie noilli. 
On the east of it is a wistaria vine presented by the £mperor 
Oomizuiioo. Bokwa-kaku is a pavilion in pure Chinese style, its 
ceiling made so as to represent one of the poems of Isliikawa 
Jdzan. Fi'om the eaves on the north there hangs a tablet with a 
picture representing Kumagai Naozane and Atsumori. (See the story 
in connection witu the description of Kurodani Temple.) There 
are several small buildings, one of them liaving a tablet with tliree 
charaoteis writteh by tlie priest-prince Sliinnin. Cianes, ducks, 
and other birds are kept in the garden where one would hardly 



ISf 

lirK«w tfiAl he ii in the midtt of a greei «^r. 

Hon^inuijif ^^^ oalled Niiilii Hongwanjl, it lituatod on Hori- 
Idiva RL MNith of Hamy* 8L, ftnd in the lieed temple of the H<m- 
fwanji bnmoh of tlie Sliin eeei Iti fonnder wm Shinrtn Shoain, 
othorwifie known m Kennhin Deishl He wan * deeeenckot of the 
fMnonn mininter-of-Rtele Teiflhokokwmn KemeterL At the tfe of 
9 h^ wen plecnl nnW the eere of (he prient Jidiin in flhSrenUn. 
When 29 yean okl he entered Cliton-in to be inntmoted in Bnddhiel 
ilnetriuM hy KnkS Deiitht ; and at tlie a^e of 51 he founded a new 
M»st oalleil Jjido Sliiniiliii, or New Beet of Jodo. In 1374, elevan 
yeam after hiii deatli, tlie Empenr Ka n w yaraa eetalilialied a temple 
nmr hin own «1anehter'ii grave to whioli wan given the name Amlda 
H«mgwanjL In 14H0 t1ii« wan attacked by ttie monka of IK. Hiai 
who hnmeil all the hnildtngn. Rennyo, wlio wan tlien the altel| 
rrinnted tlie teni|*le to Htiin anil afterwardw to Yanumhina. Aa he 
thiim Mi\fil tlie M»rt from eitinrtinii and afterwanln eetablinlied ita 
piinniplr*, Im i*i leganletl an a nerond foander. When, on aeooont 
of tlie inip-tvtnnio^itr of tlie Cnart, the rnrniution eereoiony of the 
Fmjierfvr Ookanhiwahira (iTttil — I33ti) liad been pontponed f or M 
ynir«, it man at la^t miidi* ponRihle hy the gift of lO/MM) pieoae of 
ft*M from tlie ablKit of Hongwanji. Tliiii nenrioe wan rewanlad by 
ftMiiit him the title Jnn Monat^i, or 7ii«in Prin^ly Prient, AhmtH 
being tlie name giv^n to the nonn of Rmperoni who entered the 
rrieftthrwul. 'flie temple in Yamavhina wa« hiirne<l in 16.11 during 
tlie ri\il war«, ami wafi then removeil to Ifihi}*ania in Oaaka. After 
»««er«l other cliangen of location, it wan in InOl brought to the 
pTeii#»nt *;t^. 

In Ic -3 Tokiipiwa If«Taiiii Kiiilt anotlier t«*mple to the eaet of 
Hnn(r»atiji, putting at itn heiid tlie lirother of the alihiU of tlie oUer 
U»mpli». It wap ralknl tli^ Kiutern Hoiifnvanji. Heneeforward tlie 
•e*t ««« tli\iiletl into the Ka^tern ainl Western branetieff, eaoh 
liaving aIkh4 tlie Mine niunlrr of b^hevert In lrtt>l tlie Glani 
fnmily, t'> «liirh tlie ahNitu Irlonpsl, wae rat«e«l to tlie ppenige. In 
H7H a tAhl«»t ltf»aring two rhine«e cltanu}^*r« waa written bgr the 
pre«eiit F.ini«»ror itn |fre«entatioii t** the temple. 

Tlie Imilfjiiig ha^ii^ been «le»toyeil by Are in 1617, the main 
omi wan relmilt the nest year, while tlie I>aiiiliiil5, commenead in 
ln.11, wan completed ft^e yearn laUir. The Utter t« lilO ft by IfiO 
ft, the li#icht bring hn) ft In tlie fthrine at ite eanter i« installed 
an imAr<» of Ken^hin Iiaif^hi rar^eil by himself. A« after hia crema- 
tion tlie HTicr wan plastered o^er witli hi* aelie« it i* now apoken 
of ae the re*l tmafi of Kenahin Dainhi'a fleah aad hoaa. On ila 



1S3 

left is A picture of the lost abbot, while on tlie right ar^ those of 
all his predeJOBsars. 

Tlie iD«Reut inAin bnildinn, erected in 175;), is 130 ft by 125 ft, 
and 'i 5 ft high. The piiuo'.pal imsge is a sitting Amida carved by 
Kasngo. At tlie Bides are saaed tablets; one for tlie present 
Empei'or, and the other for his immediate iinxlesessor. Tliere are 
also pictures of Sliutoku Taishi, Houen Shouin, Kakuao Koso, and 
ptlier uotod priests. 

Tlie entianae to Daishido was Imilt in 1045; that to the prinoi- 
pal bnildinf , and also the bell-tower, in 1710. Hie reception hall 
was built in 178 1. Tlie O'.iiro-ma, or Broad Hall, contains over 8 JO 
mats. There is a peculiar gate and a iliii*iima-yo«e, or place for dis- 
monnting from cairiages. The Kohiro-ma or Smaller Hall, and 
also a hall for the perfoimance of nl diaroas were Ironght in 16:^ 
from Fusliimi whe:e they once formed a part of Hideyoshi's 
palace. The nsmes of the principal' rooms in this bnilding aiul 
tlieir (lecoi-ntious ai-e as follows : — 

1. Wefitei-n sitle. On the door of cryptomeria wood are pictures 
ly VoshlmuB Kul^i of an oak ti^ee witli an eagle, and of a binl ami 
wateifall. 

Siuume-no-ma (Sparrow Room). — Bamboo with sparrows, liy Mani- 
yama ozni who also painted t'.ie liowers on the ceiling. 

Poorp. — Monkey, ami a llowerliafket on a cart, by Kano Ryokei. 

AV/'-n'-nui (Wild Geese Room). — Qoeso. Flowers on the ceil- 
ing. By Kano Ryokei. 

Ki'ai'no-ma (Chr> imthemimi Room) — Chr^tantliamum. Fan on 
the ceiling. By kaihokii ViiBetsu. 

Doo:-f. — Miuk animal. S>V';o palm. Horse on a tablet By Kano 
Hu'ienobii. 

Versmlah. — PicttU'es of fans by Kano Koi and Kaihoku YusetRU. 
2. NoiUieiu side. 

Sun-iic-fiia (Cd. Room). Chcny blossoms ami Peacock, l^ Knno 
Hidenobii. 

Ai-no-tiia (2ud Room). CliineEe historical personages, by Kano 
Hir.eiioliu. 

ShimeUno-ma. Chinese historical personages by Kano KoL 

Vei'aniUh. Pictures of wild llowera in the plain of Musashi; 
ami on the ceilinj of ilowers liy Kailioku '^'usetsn. 

Westarn door. Pennies. Sleeping cat Weeping willow and 
Heron. By Kano RyotaktL 

Eastern door. No dansing. Dogs. "By Kano R)otokiL 

3..V £attei& side. . i .... 



ffkltoSm-m-ma (Dreming Rnooi). Himtiiig •enm hf Kailiolai 

I)oon>. Fli^it feiween Atmonaii and JTiimfii by KAihokn 
TfiN>tiin. 

Vmrnncbh. WiftliviA. Piflliirpii on the mWi^ By KAihukii 

Hie hnAoiifnl flHilen in froni wm pbimed bgr AMfbi 0hinMMK 

r>ooni. Ifap1« treen, itagK, •ad cinigon, bgr Tonliiinaim Bmi*HI. 

4. Sonilwm tide. 

JTT numa, Chin«iie liiniorieftl penontget, Igr Xmi9 Tkajfl. 

5.1001. Boy mtting grtM, by Kano TinyV. On Iht dt'^Hm^ 
CliindM liifttorifxl p0niMi«eBfi; and on tlm oAUiiij, flioivtrt ftad bMii 
Iqr Kano Ityokei. 

KAmmon, ft famoimgAtoufniiliof 5litroniA, hftn beMitifol arvln^ 
In Koliironui Are ilie Nami-nomA, or Wats Room ; And Iht Jikkm- 
mA (Inffpeeiion Room) wliere Hideyoslii it nid to liAv« intpeclBd 
tlie liMflfi of enemien bronglii for liin iden'ififlAtion. Hw OAilinfi 
of boil I room« were pAinted by Kauo Ritokii, while tlie piolaree of 
wATfn in the former Aie \iy YonliimnrA Kukei. Tliere Are oilier 
A|«itm<»nU known ah tlie Dark rArlor, Tiger Room, eto.; And aIao 
Uioee niied for leA epremoniee. 

Hie pir«tcn mlleil Tekinni-en, ■oni1u?Act of pAielikld waa fv*. 
m*iiUh1 \rr the TiJcnp^wA family. It formerly 1«1ongpil to HUla* 
Tfialii'R Jiiiskti IHilace. It in filed witli larf^e ireee. moea-eo^ered 
rockp, »Iirin|Tii, And pontic, nuJting it a iMintiful eiample of A 
Japanere puden. Reatilfi tlie i^pring calleil BamegM-misa fa A 
mnnnmoni to tlie pen of Jaknnyo B*idnin, tlie 14 th abbot. 
After lie hail fininlieil the iu«eri|Ainn on tlie Imperial lAblet Al 
CI lion in Temple, lie wap fnrhidiif»n to write An}-thing more. An 
old thnWii utorifvl tomb in Miid to be tliAt of Mon^dia Blidnin. 
Tlie Ihitteiily ««r ITmleellA ('otta^^i*, »o mlleil from ita eliApe.ia oa 
tho ii*|i of All ftittfirial hill. A pavilion in tlie aliapa of lortoii*> 
»lielU in toutli of R>5liai llridpe. An iron l*ain for waehingtliA 
liaikU aae brought from Corea by tlie noiNi generAl KaIT Kty^ 



Tlie llinn-kakn, nr iHiTilion of Floating Clooda, waa Irovglit 
from tlie Mnmmima IHilare in Fmhimi. In tlie loweet itoty ar* 
two i(vim« containin: pirtiire* In' Kano Tan\n ami Zeneeten. A 
pirtiii^ of a «illo« tree t« hy Kaiio F.it«ikn. In tlie e ee o a d 
»ti>ry are pirtnrea nf 30 rreat poete, of a cTape*vine, and of 
•qttirrele, all by Kaoii flamakn. In tUt Ibird tlocy la tlw pielart 



180 

oilled Qyogiw) Fi^i, or tlie Fuji of Good IfAnnerg; becauBe it is 
BO drawn iliat it is best seen wlien one looks ap from tlie position 
awnmed when kneeling before another. The name of tlie artist is 
unknown, though it is popularly known as Uie picture painted by 
Hidqroahi. It is said that this liaughty general, being aooustomed 
to regard others as beneath him, never liked to look upward. 
When the artist had finislied painting the picture Hitleyoshi's - 
onriosity to see it led him witliout thinking to glance up at it 
Bealiaing that he had been oaught by the artists's trick, he* 
esmsed himself by saying tliat he was not looking; at the mountain, 
but was only trying to select the best place for inserting some pine 
trees into the picture. Accordingly he felt obliged to use the 
brushes in adding this feature to tlie painting whidi for tliis 
reason became known as his. From these rooms there is a fine 
Tiew of the dty and the Eastern Hills. 

Bokkoji, otherwise known as Jukokusan,is situated in Taka- 
kura of Bnkkoji St Tliis, which is Uie head temple of Uie 
Bukkoji division of tlie Sliin sect, was origi nally founded in Yaina- 
shinaby Sliinran Shonin. The Emperor Juutoku (1211 — 1221) 
bestowed upon it tlie name Koxyu Shohoji, gave it a tablet 
inscribed with this title, and selected it as one of tlie places for liis 
own devotions. It was afterwsids removed to Higashiyama in 
Kyoto. Here it is said that a tliief one night broke into the temple 
steaUng the image of Buddha which he cast into the Kamo River 
near Mijo. Tliat night Uie Imperial Palace was lighted with a 
strange radiance whose source on investigation was found to be 
the image in the river. Tlie statue was taken to the palace and 
afterwards to the temple whidi was tlienceforth called Amida- 
BukkojL In 1465 the abbot was gi>en tlie title of monaekL In 
1580 Hideyoshi desiring the site of the temple for tlie erection of 
the Daibutsu, it was removed to the present location. Since then 
it has several times been destroyed by fire, the present building 
being only about 10 years oUi 

Among the treasures of the temple are a wooden statue of 
Honen carved by himself; statues carved by Sliinran representing 
his parents, and many old luiuging pictures. 

Honkoknji is on Oojo and luokuma St, north of the Hon. 
gwanji Temple. It is the headquarters of the Nidiiren sect and 
has 570 subordinate temples. It was originally founded by f 
Nichiren himself in 1253 at Kamakura^ where it had tlie name 
Hokkedo. Eleven years later Nioliiren re-named it Taiko-zan 
Honk^iji. . In lso7 the Shogun Hisaaki Shuiwio^esented 02 



plMi of vorahipt. In 19SD Hit gf wor OodiUso Midi Wami^ 
ihB fonrlli aMnlk • h^h priail of Um IliMcniii. In lU§f9m 
RBi|M*rflr K3iiQf9 of lbs Nofiliini DjoMty nofM iM taMpw to Hb 
IN •Mill Mito In I^y9lci| bsclovimi npoA H ft MiBi InMl of MMit Ihs 
nMffaiiMra* nniMiii^B mm nvova ww vpivtiyvii ify nvoB ib inv 
leili Old lath «nil8riM. Thtn tnwem^tmm of m wiii miik 
niflro Umui o ifeaiB krfi bttildlnsii Tbo kttftil fa Ibo !!■&■ Htll, 
96fi by 9Ufl; wliora Ibo priiifli|*l ofa|Mli of wmMp m% Hm 
Mwn holy dMraelm tliM ttaid for •NmnmifMtm^ftli^ 
whiflh in tho aUtfaolivo inyn of Hit tool; aadllMwoa 
MatalioB of Hit t^oolM jSkkm , or fan diflnoal ptaoM of 
Tho pictmoa on Uio wNrtfaini walls an I7 Bmo Bttakn. TIm 
ohMeton raod^ liokko4B** on Hit faUol In frool of llw farilOag 
fram wTtilrn by MilmiJinni, Uio oalobrofad DofanyO of Milo. 

Bnnlli of llw MAin Hall ia RitoaaUo, »lft aqotro, and of f^mUm 
eoimtrnctinn. On tlw i io w a i a ara aotna fina a ai i l n ga of flhaknii 
RiiiMD Diaoiplen wliteli are aakl to liavo baan broqplil from Kam^ 
knrm. Hie main ob}ooi of woraliip ia an fanapa of Shafai 0mA nts 
alimyii carried by Nidiiran. In front i* a pair of woodan KmmJm^ 
fir CoTMn ilo;:*, nid to havo baan brooght from Coran by Xalft 
KtyomaM. 

In |kimi)o«f>d6, nortli of tha Main Hall, ia fnafalladvlMl fa mifai 
Uir •« I«ivinu' !mi«a of Nicliiran.** 8optiidc\ al tlia aontlMm Old of 
lli# irromklfi lian annUipr imaca of Ntrliiran. Tharo ia nlao • lU 
brarr liavin;! Ilia fmnikyl, iir fnll Boditbiat aannn. Tba ImildiaR 
ia Mitfl to liava br#n aractad by Ota Doknan, a niitail narrior. 
Tlw irronnda alao oontain aafoial inMavaya. Tho innar iraitdaa of 
Daiwlioin «a« formarly part of a oucmiflaanl ona balomit 
to Um» Hnrikawa ralaea. 

A mtwll nhrinfi, caiUNi Hitomam-iilia ami oonaidafod tlio ftnaidfan 
vluimt of tlia lempla, liaa an imacra wlioaa aanrint. la aaerlbad la 
KoK* l>atp|ii. Bafma it ia a plnm traa aallad TMdtaMmMo^OM 
wlii.*li wan a favnrifa of tha Rmpafor K3Kaln(17Hi».liiie> A 
lanttf*rnoalMHiDae!ata.no.t9t9, a«alar.baain namad Vlalana n 
anbaelii, and a alona aaal oaad by Toahitaana an pninlad onl 
Amnnj tlia traaainaa of tha tampfa aro pletivaa of tha Fonr Uaad^ 
raa fhmwn by Nirliiran, tlia ona of Oahidori boing ■filially n oto 
worthy Iveanaa dwnialad arith a pioea of alolh mid to ha«a kmm 
takan from a diaaii bolontinf to Tokt Hi, a baaatifnl oovifa^ «f 
anniant Oliina. Hiara m alao piolnraa of lloi4''t AMhi| 
Fngan, liy Ch5 Uman ; • pfalnni of a do|^ a an^ and n 



M 

painted by the Chineee Emperor Kiso; 4 piotnras of old Goiean war. 
banners; etc. 

Toji, *l8o called Kioo Qokoknji, is on Nishiknjo and C3miya St 
at the south-west end of the city an I about J miles from Smjo 
Brid;;e. It belon;;s to tlie Sliinjon seot and luts 18 ) subordinate 
temples. Crowds of paople gather here on the 21st of ea^h mouth 
when there is a festival in honor of Kobo Daishi, the founder of 
tlie sect 

In 790 the Emperor Kwammu commanded the Daluar;on, Iseto, 
to build large temples on eauh side of the main gate of th3 I'alaje. 
In 823 the western temple was removed to Nara, while tliat on the 
east was given to Kdi>o Daishl. Heuie the name Toji, or £Ust 
Temple. In 1250 the Emperor Junua adiled a new liall aiU olianj- 
ed the name to Kioo Ookdkuji. Tlie buildinjs were biurnad in 
U3G, but soon rebuilt The grounds, which cover 10] anes, aie 
surrounded by a solid wall of eai'th. There is a famous five-storied 
pagoda, 22 ft squaie, and 2J-1 ft higli. It has been burned eight 
times, tlie fire in three cases Imving been caused by lightuinj. 
Tlie present buildinj was erected in IGGI by Tokugawa leyasn in 
obedience to the command of the Empress Myojo. Within is a 
statue of Dainiuhi NyoraL It is said tliat after the original pagoda 
was built, it be^an to assume a leanin^^ position. Iii answer to 
Kobo Daitthi's prayers it was restored to the proper condition. 
According to another version of the story Kobo Daishi, by di.'^ing 
the lotus pond on the side of the tower opposite that to which it 
was leaning, caused the ground to settle and thus mode tlia pa;;oda 
retui-n to the perpendicular. 

Tlie gate called Hakkyaku facing the soutu was buiU in 13^2. 
Shokudo, formerly used by Kobo Da.shi as a dining liall, is U7 ft 
l)y 4J ft, and contains images of the Thousand-lianded Kwannon 
and SUitenno. Having been destroyed in 1219 by an eiith. 
quake, it> was restored in lil2. The ceiling has a picture of a 
dragon painted by Oanku. The gate on the east side called Keiga- 
mon aud formerly used by Imi^erial envoys was built at the close 
of tlie 12th century by Mon.^;aku Shonin, who also built on the site 
of an older treasure-house the one now standin^r;, and the gate on 
tlie east side known as Fukai-mon, or Never-to-be-opened portal, 
which is said to be so named because, ever since Kobo Daishi 
entered the temple by tluit gate, no one else has been allowed to 
use it Others account for the name from the refusal of Ashikaga 
Takauji to open the gate when near the middle of the I4th centuiy 
he was beseiged in Uiis temple by Nitta Yoshisada. Tlie KoJo, or 



US 

liMlor* HaII, 117 fi., by 61 ft, in nontli of Sliolndo. It wm bnrnid 
In 14H0 ftnd retmilt more Himi a eentnry Utor by Uteoo Mm^ 
dnkoro, Um widow of HideyoaliL TIm chief imiy if of Pftiiil«m. 
Hm Knniiri, or (^oUIrn Hftll, 114 fi by Gl ft, luiviiv; utetaM of 
YftkuKlii, Nikko, anil (IckkTi, wiiii ftliio Inirtieil in 1480, ami rtboni 
ill iGitO }ty lli<l(*yfMlii*« non, Hulnynri. XwAnolio ill tlw Mmiii-ii««l 
noriM<r of ilio oiif!l«Mure i« iho mtmi Mcrrd ImiUinff vbert tm 
Ui«;lit ili« myKtorieii of Uie Stiin^on doetriiw. Raniie-moti, a Uri:* 
(TAt^ on tlie wmi Ri<le, waii bat It in 700. When KSbo DftUhi !•• 
fticnrti tlie AbboUhip of ihi« temple And remored to KBya-aui in 
ilie province of Rii, lie went ont by tliin ((Ale wliieh Iim eiDoe been 
kept eluded. Tlie present neme, meeninff LotoA Oele, refen to 
tlie HAcred flower* tliAt Are raU to liAie blooroeil In tlie plooM 
troilden by tlie MUiii'n feet Beiin end Mikacedo Are in tlio north* 
we*>trin pert of the enolonure. Tlie Utter, which woe onee the 
repitleiice of KoIni I>Aiilii, liA\in(t lieen bnmed nter the eloee of tho 
Utli rentmy, it wak rentoird by AfihikAcA TAkAoji In 1800. Hie 
pirtiire r»f Kolk'i Deinlii foimerly plAoed liere wen in 1130 replooed 
li> A ^Utlle cAr^fH] liy Kiiwlio II(i(;An At tlie comniAnd of the Emperor 
R1ii>*. Tlio SliiKokn (Ute Deer by wah built in l&U), And the Hire 
kAhA (Utf* Alioiii TfiK) yrArfi aco. 

Anion:; tlio trnuiYircff of tlie temple Are pictniee of te^en Abliota 
I«intfNt \'\ Ri-iii, A (liinrno Artist of tlie T5 dynAnty; 6 picturee of 
Ct4MUi»>on !•}- ClhigA: aiuI 2 foMin;; Hcreenii witli picturee by Koee 
Kaiuu Jm mid Motoinit»ti. 

Nmr tlii*^ U'lnplo fotmerly Rtoml ihr IU}> pAle which waii At tlie 
poiiUirrn oitirtnity of tlie bmed A>enne leeihn;! from tlio main 
entiaii'*'* of tl»^ f'r«t Ini)tf*iiAl TAlacr. lirre, Acrording to An An- 
cient l«\-fMtil mrW known to JapAncfc rhildcn, occiirMl WAlAnAl«*8 
cnntcft «;tli the o^ic. 

T»rrtilr'*rr. • w 'tw In tlir ImtHt of mtmting \\*m 'Itjr by Uw IU|A(latoMiA ORT- 
tnrtitf v'MPir mitl-Uti« « hi'iii lli^> \*Hm •« ny |n their cbtmi Amnnil Um MMVnlallW. 
luiko. mt0, irl<«vf«l If* lite >ltn«m<4o fAMillv. • 90 vtf 4m*tmm mt fmUli*^ tm 
eti«1 *'• |lie«i rttn.-r* < »iie **( hl« rHj»lt*«r«. t«inr4 Tswi^ rwlniitovrve I* fwari 
tliM (<»to I'lift •fiifft* III. 'lit Ite «»• ntialiie !•• o«rr4«*»n* a fe»l|na «•! 4ittw*lnr«ik 
I efttilfir 1 *il«i*t •« e ••< the !«■*« h* • M wwwi 1fk.*% Mleeft. « hen «4*e mt Hi* iftt^ 
«li» IhmI (•ecu tifilt rmt t|t« lltnt>et« MverltMKl • Atrlitnc «n nn«ft«nlty. ffml*ka4 
•Urfii./ varTi'i I t •W lielmei Afvl «•■ a»»it In bvnr liim nff itinwihUv Air. llM 
« Itrfi l«tina •i*iH'ii!« i1r«>« >i|a •«if>tft«»i*1 •«i|n^ mf nf (hr «cfv^ArMt«. Thr 
Mt«Mt(»r. h«*«tiiiv with |«iln. «nfil«lw4| tmtn •irM l«A«ltic IwMiie Mm llw »«#tt4 
Ann ■ )>l' h I ••in« t*vi* u> hi* niA^trr It |« «iM il«t. If Mi ayt* iImm vaMn4«4 oka 
• ItMti M ••ft r"n*rt «ti# •*ii|««uiM llMilt. H «l||rft«Ut r« (annr ttivlf In thv 
l««1« latii-^ *A>itir l<«««i •an*r«| i» i»h«> ,-«mi ■arvilMl iw^Mnf af tM^fetntf 
■t«Mil I 'ici I* •< |^'> tir*-! a lira« t atfVt* >■«« • hi' h Im •••A Ititii Hi* hMM» ll«««tnf 
UrMI* t<- t>M II w ■!.••?«, he |«if ttk^ tvT* • «rw Inin the bn« «n4 liplflm th* IK 
••t it|«in. r*ia>l«liHr iImI rt««r«eft dftyvafii MlffKlAla vcmM «mHi 



I — ■ ■■aim imt» 



134 

ofrrtt^ wllM. Lnto on the \mA «vMiiiig lie luiuird a fMblo knock at th« door. In 
roply to hU Inquiry tie was told that his nj^ed aunt had oomo from bor distant 
country homo to conjtratnlato him on hi« haroiu deoi. He at f Irtft rofnaed to ad mlt 
heri but wiMn nhe pleaded that he would not be ao cruel aa to keep her out In 
ttie cold and darkneiM wlien In all her feeblenetM ibe liod come so far to see htm, 
he finally yielded, llie old lady soon asked to mco theugrf's arm. At his re- 
funal slie sb(>d tears at his unwlUiniirneMS lo gratify her, nntU at last lie consented 
to Iter taktfiK out: p«ep. No snoner was tlia ltd liruid than all dli^culse was thrown 
aside and tlio <vra, wlio liad assumed tlie old tody's furiii, st^lxliig the arm vanish- 
ed from slKht.— Tlie btury with an account of the subsequent slaying of the mon- 
sti-r Is given In Griills's "Japanese Fairy World." and In Mrs. James's "The 
Ogre's Arm," one of the KobuiMha's series of fairy talea. 

Nijo RikyS or Palace. ^^^ ^ often spoken of as tlie 

"Oastle." It 18 situated on Nijii west of HorUcawa. Here in I56O 
was bnilt a castle by Oda Nobuuaga for the residence of Yosliiaki, 
the last of the Asliilcaga Sliogtin. It was burned by Akechi, the 
faithless vassal who caused Nubunaga's deatlu 'Hie present edifice 
was bnilt in 1601 by lyeyasu. Under the Tokugawa Shoguns it was 
known as Nijo-no-Kiujo (Goldon Contle of Nijo), or simply as Nijo 
no Shiro (Nijo Oostle). It was hold by ropresoutatives of the 
Shoguns under tlie pretence of protesting the Emperors, though in 
reality they were more couoerned in watching the progress of affairs 
in the Court and protecting the interests of the Tokiigawa family. 
After the last of the Shoguns, Keiki (Yoshinobu) had returned his 

delegated power to the E^pei'or, the Castle was converted into an 
office for Uie Daijokwan, or Council of State. Tliere on April 6, 
ISO-), ocoiired a scene pregnant with meaning to the future of the 
country. ** The Mikado proceeded tliither in person and in tlie 
preeenoe of tlie assembled court nobles and the territorial princes 
the ten-itorial princes took an oath. By this oath he promised 
that a deliberative Assembly should be formed, and all measures 
be decided by public opinion; that the uncivilized customs of 
former times should be broken tlirongh, and the impartiality and 
justice displayed in the workings of nature adopted as a basis 
of action; and that intellect and learnin;:; should be sought 
for throughout the world, in order to establish the foundations 
of the Empire." (Kinsei Shiriaku. Translated by Satow.) Later 
the Castle was used for the office of the prefectural government 
It was greatly damaged by the vandalism tliat prevailed 
during the yeais that immediately followed the Restoration. Tlie 
prefectural government took away for better preservation many 
of the paintings and other decorations; but much harm was 
done to the painted doors, metal-work, and other things tlutt wei^ 
left behind. For instance, the famous painting by Naonobu, 



vtfVMtntiii;; * h«ron uUinf on te grinwala of % bold, van tniplogrtd 
M* pUo9 for posting noiioM. In wmnB of ilw room *r« to 
Is iMn pUoM wliers |«nom for AmnMoieiil lirMid«l Um 
bMutifal potU wiili tlie prefejianl toala. In ln:i the OMtW wm 
Ukun I7 tlie ImptriAl ffovemnMnt m one of Uw dtUjlitd I'AlMa^ 
Tlie ornAmenix wliieh bcire tlw TdkiKjawa crenl wtre raplMad by 
thnM luiving tlie imperial CliiyMuitlieraatn ; iltoii:<h in mom plaow 
Um fnrmCT' may tiill be aeen. Tlie Hominara or Cliief Keepol 
Um (^tle wee bnrned * eeninry aco, so Uiet ilw preeeni bviUiagi 
are only ilioee belon^nt to the Ninoinaru or Seooud Keeic 

Vmitom are admitted at tlie eaetern cate wlieuje, tmnii^ to tlw 
left, tliey enter tlw inner enoloenre from tlie left tide of a pile 
oallrd Yatunaiililjnou or Kara-mou. Tliii ia diooiatod with 
giklrnl metal aiid flue oarviiva re|ireeoiittiV{ fl<>«or«| liMati% and 
bird*. Hie Ifrilliantly eolmeil doooratiniM reireeenttiu peiuiiM 
aihl iJiiieiiisMi were 1iroii;;1it frojii UuleyiMilii's oaKtIe at FneliimL 
Hiey are tlie work of Hidari Jtngoro. From liere tlie riaitor entan 
tlie Talaoe where lie in reqiieiited to r«(;iiiter. The baildin«;a| oon- 
fttiiirb^l i)f the beet quality of Kitm'a and hrpaki^ are maMive and 
»tir>n*. Tlunr are coiutidered cit«llent upecinienA of Japaneea 
arrhitpctiii^, while the inagniAoeni decorations (;i%e them a irrand 
■Ekl impfxiiia a]vpearanoe. AtU>ntion Hhotild 1« civen to tlia rich 
niftal ilccorfttionn, tlie painted ceilin;;ii, tlie flngly earted rt um ia 
o\ei tho nlhlin? KreoiKi, ami the imp«>Mng pictui ee by artiata of 
ih<» Ktiii) iu*h<Mt|. Hoftinii are eomiiHmly drticnatpd liy tlie pain^ 
iii\:fithf\ rdtitain, an for ^laniple, the Toia-noina, <»r Tiger Room; 
Kika-no.in.n, or Chrynanthemam R>'>m: Taka-no-ma, or Falcon 
n«H«ni: OLri-iK^ina, or Fan Room; et\ 

'riinio Arc five biiiMiiu*. 'rh«» fM«t ami lar;:^iit inrludee tlia 
Ol-Nrtimft y>»« l>ofui# ifi<Mition«\l, ami a eiiiUt of rooina 
ralb^l Tduriiurai. The p^tnie* are I*t Kano Tamil. Tlie prin- 
rip«l irMiin nil the northeaf>t curlier in mtain in:* 31 matii it called 
(*h«ikii*'hi-no ma ami wan the iiMim fttr tlw nue of tlie Imperial 
riuoyw. Tlie Si-n'ttna, or ReNtml Rt»om, eontain* Jt> matN, In 
the no'itliern nide in the pictine of a firtree, while on tlie low 
|iart« <if the«-ieen« which vepvate the rt>nm« from tlie Ivoad 
veraivlAli ere ptinl^l pt"titre« n( binN. The^ are aaid t** liaii« been 
liroti'ht fmtn tlie fani(«u« Momoyama Cantle which llideyoalii boiH 
in Fn»hiiTii. The T<iiainarai-ni»-ma cfin'Aiiiing 11) mate te the 
lar/e>t ro«iiii« in tlie huiUlm*, whif*h i» tlierefore oft^n oall^l by 
the «anie iiAnif*. I'p >n tlie n.Teens are painteil ti^rt in a bamboo 
ICto%e. 



136 

The Second Btiildin^ is west of the first with which it is con- 
xiected by two verandahs, the outer and inner, of which the latter 
is much broader. Of tlie four rooms, the principal is called Shiki- 
dai-no-ma. It faces south and contains -lo mats. On the northern 
wall are painted two large pine trees. Three rooms to the north, 
each of 12 mats, were for tlio use of the Iluju, or Oounuil of 
Elders whioli was the cabinet of tlie Tokugawa government. All 
these apartments have tlie broader inner verandah on the north 
and south sides, which essentially forms two additional rooms of 
50 and 38 mats. 

Tlie Tliird Building is next to the First in size. It is often 
called Hiroma or Wide Hall. Tlie laiigest apai-tment called Kitano- 
ma, or North Room, contains 49 mats. An eagle on a large pine 
tiee is painted on the gilt screens. To the south a room of 4U 
mats is called San-no-ma. The ixmwna here are remarkably fine, 
Especially one liy Hidari Jingoro roprosentiiig poaoockij. Tliough 
some of the mmnia have the appearance of open work, examina- 
tion will show that the decorations of tlie two sides difTer greatly 
from eadi other. On the west are tliree rooms of which the two 
noiihem are called Qotaimenjo, or Hall of Audiauoe. Tlie nortliern- 
most is tlie Jodan, or Upper Koom; while the other is the Gedan, 
or Lower Boom. They are brilliant with gilding, while the pictures 
of large pine trees aid in producing an impressive effect which must 
liave filled the minds of tliose received here by the Shoguu with a 
sense of his magnificence and power. Tlie metal oniAiiients con- 
sist of the Tokugawa crost and representations of the phoenix, 
leaves, etc. The Upper Room contains 40; and the Lower, 44 
mats. Tlie court in front of tliese rooms was designed by Kobori 
Ensliu. Formerly not a single tree wss planted tliere in order ihat 
the view might be unolwtructed. Those now standing have lieen 
planted in recent years. The Third and Fourth Buildin^^s are con- 
nected by a large room of 50 mats called Sotetsu-uo-ma, or Room 
of the Sago Palm, so called from the paintings once here whidi 
became so badly damaged tliat they were removed. 

The Fourtli Building consists of six spacious rooms. The Upper 
Boom called Kuro Shoin, or Black Hall, has 24 mats. It is a 
gorgeously decorated reception-room with cheriy trees in full 
bloom upon a gold back ground. The tola) is a single keyaki board 
lo feet long and over seven inches tliick. On the walls are paint- 
ings of a winter scene, a lieion, &c Tlie chujaldaiut, or hliolves, 
show early attempts at doiscmne work in the Shognu's ciOKt upon 
small uieclallions, and in the metal fastening. The Qedau, con- 



itr 

lniirfBi 81 nMH bM pMam of Uidi ui dMny Iratt pdsM M 
A* MratBt And walk. TIm 8uMio-mii| or TliM Room, hM Bf 
mal w. TIm pMifOt Mt of movy Imtom, yte lne«,AaL Modli 
fsmn II In Iht Kikii-Bo^iu^ QhiyMHnmnm Boon, so mXM fnm 
A* fliovm whieh Mt in nltef. Ii1iMSJnMili« vliilt Ibo TtatftU 
MMiM, or WftMnf Room, Iim 06 imIi. Ob A* miIhii vsU m 
filBlad pinm Irati, on Ibo nortlMra aad wwI mb m raailQ 
biidd itiil pocmloB. Ow of Iho woodM doofs io «1M Iho <k7pl«^ 
Mrin Poflr of Iht Wtl Baroo, fiom Um wood of vfalob Hit Mid^ 
And Iht piotart Igr Nftonobi lo wlikb MiatBM bM tUtmij 



Tho Flflh BnikDag «m for llii |«iiralt «■• of Iho Bh8giia«i 
lliay mtiM to KySlo lo pAy liioir rtii|Mfllfl lo lb* Rmpwon. Iht 
dwntBliiniii MO All nlmplA. Tlw «pi«i ■|MilMWiii eAlW Mra 
OmIb, or Wliito HaII, hit 15 hiaIr. Tht oUmr OAoh Kai« 19. 
Tho pAinlingii c>n Iho namon aH lopmiAiil GhiiMM UndMApM ASd 
Art Allribated lo Kaiio Kot All Ihtit foont trt tuiioundwl 1^ 
brood ireranriAlm. 

TImto Alt Mttrtl oUier hoildingt of no ptrlioalAr inltntl whioh 
Alt nol diown lo otdiiiAry viJiilnrt. TIiom tlAiidiiig on Iht ailt of 
Iht CliJtf Kf^ tiA\t letn rtotnlly mmtd Uitit from Uit itudtnot 
of tilt Itio frinenui lUliinrA. 

Shinten-eil >* * pirdtn whioh oaoiipitt A tmAll atoa of kmd 
Al Monionolin, wmI of OmiyA. Pivmtrly H vaii «tiy tilMiiirt, 
■Irtloliint from Nij5 no Hit narlli lo HaiiJu on llittonlh, And 
from Omtym f»n Um ttiil lo liiha on Iht wtst II wtt formtrlj ab 
ImperiAl pletiinm irtnl^n wImtp in Um midtl of btAOlifal Irati And 
iovtra the Kmjmtm Im>IiI pArliti^ And inviltd potlti toholArt, And 
Artiiilii In fiihibil tlitir Rkill. In Iht Ojin wtr of Iht I6lh ttntaiy 
moil of tin* Rtnlnn wan dnlrayvd by Art. II vAt Itfl in a ntisltei* 
td ««inilition nntil 109 1 wlitn A Buddhial prittl ntmtd KtlrayAi 
irritirtil tt Ui<» rtiin nf wIiaI lind onet bttn to l«Aalifnl, iitiltintd 
from Uw ;:nvrTnmenl ptrmimion l«» i t tUt t A |*rl of il. That Iht 
AAiden hwi V««n |> tti r i w l wilil llit fmttol Iftmt, Ihoofb 
dimininlMsl to nnr l^nlh ctf ita fnnntr tiat. 

Ichifo Hodori-teslii. « iht Brito of ni«inni ai itluji, it to 

nnAll lliAl piKiple wondv how AiqnhinR to iwiigniflmni cAn \m to 
fAmnoH. I^*fpiiil «y« UiAl in ABtltnl limtt A Imrntd bmui, BAmtd 
Ahtno iViiii^i, who prtrtifltd mAiiy mytlio Arit, eonflntd Iwtlw 
Roda Ivm>aUi Ihit faricKt m oidar Ihaft ht miahl etll Ihtm forlh 
wiMinrTrr \» wiiilitil lo ptrfnrm Bay wondtrfnl dtod. Afltr hit 
dtmh pi*oplt wtit in Iht faAUi of |nii« lo Iht Mdit Ihi* Um 



X9S 

might pray to the gods and learn what fortunes awaited them. 
Wlien Miyoshi Kiyotsma, a noted aoholar died, it is said iliat jast 
is the faneral prooession was orossiug the bridge,it was met by the 
son Joso who was returning from a jouiiiey to a distant plaoe. 
Surprised to learn whose funeral it was, he ordered the coffin to be 
set down in tlie middle of tlio bridge, while he jirayed to all the 
gods of whom he had ever lieard. The father was at ouoe restored 
to life and returned home witli the rejoicing friends. 
At the present tune superstitious people think it would be unlucky 
for a wedding procession to pass over the bridge, since it would be a 
sign that ere long the bride would be divorced and have to return 
to her parents. On the other hand people who lend things to 
others cross over the bridge as a means of insuring their return. 

Nishijin ^> the name given to the north western part of 
the city, north of lobijo and west of Horikawa. The name, 
which signifies Western Camp, arose from its being held during 
the 5jin war of tlie 15th century by the Westarn Army. A pasuliar 
fabric known as Niahijin^orif which is one of the most important 
productions of the city, is made in this section. There are nearly 
40UJ establishments and more than 34,000 weavers employed in 
its manufacture. Some of the houses have been in the business 
for more tlian tliree centuries. 

Shiramine Temple. This Sliinto temple of intermediate 
Kvxunpei rank is on Imadegawa and Asukai streets. It is dedicated 
to the spirits of the Emperors Sutoku (1124 — 1111) and Junnin 
(759 — 754). Formerly the Bmperor Sutoku was worsliiped at the 
Tonshoji Temple in the province of Siuuki, but in 180 i the Em- 
peror K5mei oixlered a slmue in imitation of that at Shimo-Ganio 
to be built in the present plaoe whither the sacred effigy was 
removed. In a similar manner the worship of the Emperor Junnin 
was in 1873 transfered hither from the province of Awaji. On the 
l6ih of August, which is the anniversary of Sutoku's death, the 
annual festival is held. 

Takeisa Temple. "^^^^ Sliinto temple is at tlie foot of 
Funaoka-yama, a hill south-west of Daitokuji. It is a bekkahu 
kuxmjM shrine (see under Toyokuui Jinslia), was built in 1800, 
and is dedicated to Oda Nobunaga. Fiom the top of tlie hill 
there is a beautiful view of the city. 

Nobunaga, Hideyoshi, and lyeyasu were three great generals who 
successively gained great militaxy power, each advancing to a higher 
stage tliat unification of the government and development of tlie 

udal system wliich foux^ tlieir perfection under the Tokugawa 



U9 

(1} natty of wtiicli i\w latt was the foandw. 




NalmtMifa wm Um fmi of a fmAmi lori whaM cmUo wm at Kl]r«« InlW ] 
irlnc# orowAn. Aflrr the doUh of Me fMlwr In IMi. Kobonwa ky a i 
•r tIriorfmwMcd tPlitodmitftliwont anarMM«lwv«r tif inlflibarfaa pttli 
Kantfu. Mltm.oml, !••. iind 1-rhlicn, hBTli^ brcfi eonqocrad. fc* iMll 
•r Kjmn. RitrnwHiv Uw canwar TialHAkl. on« of Um AAlk^a ffli«lty. 
M«tilt»li«l Mm 'n tlw Hh.'%m.ftt«. bol mimwiM iiiiuwi Ma. m tkit Om 
of MiAtftm rmnftliMd va^mnt imtll It mm bnrtDwtd upon lytfmm. Oamr^rf ti tkm 
Miti|>«4ilnn olton tiMiil* lijr tntflgnvn, ntMlitr NolmnaKa nm llMltjrwM vvar ktM 
tlwi fkfi.rr. KotumiMrB wtm uhtmt pMhliif on Mi c wn uw li MVtvii ttw ««• wiMl 
III* brIlllMil mnwr ■— terfwyhi !• m Ahnipt cwd by Mi Awtttk at Uw ■<• •f 4^ lit 
l«vlit« bovn alAlii In a Irfwchi nma aliack nmA» by bla viwal. AfewM. WMe la 
K)rt4n]foli«»«ieii rvfMlr.^ lb« linpcrtel I'aIm*. and atkwvtM «hav«i r«r tba 
Kmtwfor ft r«i|iMl vblch wm In OMtf lui roMiwa wtthOM 
brvn t»k«n by rvomt KbncmM. Il« Atas tmprovtd llM pvMlo 
im>rrlmiil« by rumoring mmny annoying rcatrldlena. llgMMiii lamb ani aMai 
theimr. Il«bnllilh« NIJa (>uU«. andatooit famow cMd* at AaMMftaw «i 
tb« ««itoni B\»n at lAkc Hlva. «)n Ibi itto of llM anln l»v«r vT llM Mlir 
owUv. tli«r« to nn anlnivrlbwl inomnntnl bnlll In bto bMior, 8Mn aflar Mi 
4mth. tb* Kntpernr. In »ckno« IrdgmnH mt hH» a^nrkta la Iba eooHlry, itilai 
bira «ntl •nKi««l a tani|4c> In lito mrmory. 

AnnviffnOirr tbli^a NolMiaiita to r*membrr«<d forbW atlltaia lavaida Dai* 
dbUtn nnd CbrMUuillj, VarImM rlrrumalanrM esdlad bto mmliy aflalnilllM 
HuiflbK frrtrM* »bMi« an>« Ing imwr br «mif bl to curb^ By bto ordoffv dM 
trmHMan Mt. IIIH »«r« boni««d. tlir grvat mnnaalMy vbtcb occuH*^ 1^ ■>** 
of i *mkM < iMrtIr bnl^od and fnrrM to nrronder, and olbor Baam lakaa la i«BMi 
thm fnm vr nf \hf prlMlhaorl, 

Iiiiui% U«e br«ti rnrtly t»cmt*« (iT bto d •Ilk* for llodrfbtom that lf«b«Mi0a 
rbi>«r«l ttiiMh tm\*n 1o Ibp Jtwilt mlwIotiarlaA. Tlwlr l«Clora and tb* btolartoa of 
w lilrh tbr J fitrm tbo banta bn« « morb lo *ay if H ftwl ng biM. An old Knfltob 
IraiMlaUm of a I rr nrb work Unio dcacrlbn blm. "Tfilinmaa «oa a l*rtiiet of a 
Urce MiiMirr. t'tit of a orak and delicate (binH*ihm. w bldmiado Mm ai^iar 
l««i It in «i|VTt tlw icdl aiMl faligiiM of war. N«vortbolf«o. bo bad a lioart and 
^nol tiait |nritiit»ly mtptAy d all otbor nanto. and wao natorally amHtlaaa abavo 
all maiikiitd He wa« Iwtb tiT«*». gmoroao. and bnM, and not vtthaal BMay 
•ir*ll*fit >lt>nil \»rtii«o. beln« of bto own bumcnsr InrllnM loJaalIca, and a 
•worn I nrmy tnall Troawn. Ho wao m d w ^d ■ lib a folf* and pe n o tiat l n g WW, 
and o«nid oit oitl for tmalni'oo. Abr*vt> all he lo wpr riy eaeollcd In Military 
litwiMin*. an-l •«■!*»• mil y «Meem>4 tbe Meoi eltbor to (^lamand an A nay. 
or III nianage a Hlr*c. or to fmtlfy a Town, or to mark out a (bm# of any (ionooal 
In all Jaiwn M' m^er ived any otb^r Hend In btoOMitrllobwtMa own. Vm 
If h« a»k'd ad«l<«, It wa* more to know their beartok. than to faaffl by IhHr 
tlvmabUL He pm<4l»d liivhJably thoiminoel of tbooo Hjrvacvtli^ wbai 
thai ««»f mtf M ti> ■rfi Info oUirr*. Imt never tn lay bimoelf e^an; far tboi 
rr i»e«i Iriiitiitoita ronld nrvM dl«* Into bto Omnoola. to foey pfflvala and 
»rr«-t m\t hf In lilt 4eH«m. Ao for the U andttr of Ibo c:oda. ba langb^ and 
rVlloilwl II. lirittf thnnNMrlily fv«tTlnc>d that tlw Honilfo wore imlbiin birt Im- 
|B«tem 01*1 fnr the m<n« |«rt w |« ked meei tiAt atoaod tbo Inoo e o n t pooploa 
•iii«hliili>. aM Bf-ff^nd th^lroon dehaarhm nnder tbe^n r to m erll of Koll- 
gnat " 

NitiMHioffa ra*» ih« nil<*l«t«r|i« land and Imfldhia matortol for fbff4r rb at r boi. 
At •«*• ttfiir !:•#« t>i|«^ tint \*9 nilgtit 1* miniMl awMna tnotr cfiverto. aotboy 
bell»«f<l tiMt !•• «aa li.i»ll»<tu»|ly iwivlitrtd of th# trwtb of tbrlrlearMnfw 
hnmr Ja|ar>«ft# »t ih» ft^eetit day h*!!** r ttait he b»«mm* a ( Vtotlan and wao 
■Mtrtii i«|4lrett Ihr lofty V>«»r of tl** \rmb(-yattia (b«l* wao named by 
biiM r*«**'. a iwtnr tlwt oaoafterwardoglvm loolmllar tnaor* eloewbor*. (tm 
mimr ftir « iiriaiatHiy • an the rvllgbm of rwOtai. Hio Leed of ilenveii; and bowt 
It IM i«on oavrted by mho tbal wlIMn ttw mmm M aii^lgit tha clad 



140 

tUe CUrlstiniui. Tlie tiMtlmoiiy of Uie Jeiulta In Imwever ooiKduslve AgAlnat Uia 
fluppOMtlMi thai lie embraced their religion. 

1 DaitokujifM^Bo called Ryogyokn-zan,iBysitiiated in Murasakino, 
north-west of Kyoto ((ind a little over 3 miloB from Sanjo Bridget It 
is the principal temple of the Rinzai branoh of tlie Zea sect, and 
has over 200 subordinate temples. | It was founded in 1323 by 
Older of the Emperor Oodaigo who made it one of tlie Imperial 
temples and installed Daitokushi BIyocho as its first abbot Tlie 
temple was specially favored by the ex-Emperor Hanazono (1308 — 
.1318) and the Emperor Oodaigo (1319— 133d) who frequently in- 
vited the Abbot to the Palace for religious conversation. In the 
last part of tlie l6th century, Toyotomi Hideyoshi and other nobles 
were among its adlierents. Tliough tlie original buildings had 
been veiy magnificent, they were utterly destroyed by two con- 
flagrations ocouring in the middle of tlie I5tli century. All were 
rebuilt in 1473 by order of tlie Emperor Gdtsudiimikado. Until 
the time of tlie Restoration its abbots were trelated with special 
honor at the Imperial Palace. 

Hie grounds comprise about 27 acres. Being removed from the 
city and surrounded by a grove of large trees, they make a quiet 
and pleasant retreat There are several famous gates. The one 
f^ng soutli and called Chokushi-mon is tliat by which tlie Im- 
perial envoys entered. Having been origiiially a gate of the Palace, 
it was presented to tlie temple by tlie Empress Myojo (1G:)U — 10-13). 
Kara^mon was brought from tlie Momoyama Palace in Fusliimi by 
Hatakeyama Yoshitsuna who had received it from Hideyoslii. It is 
also called Higurashi-mon, the name implying tliat one might 
Spend tlie whole day examining tlie excellent carvings wliich ore 
attributed to Hidari Jingoro. In the upper stoiy of Sam-mon are 
images of Shaka, Anan, Kayo, and of the Sixteen Disciples. Tliis 
upper story is said to have been erected in 1539 by Senno Rikiu, a 
celebrated master of the tea^seremony who lived in Hideyoslii's 
time. Tlie painting was done by Hasegawa Toliaku. 

The Bntsuden, or Buddha Building, 57 ft by U ft, built in 1605, 
has a sitting image of Sliaka for its chief object of worship. A 
corridor leads to tlie Hatto, 09 ft. by 57 ft, which was built early in 
the 14th century by Akamatsu Enshin, burned down in 1453, and 
rebuilt by Inaba Masakatsu. 

Hojo, the residence of the abbot, is \)0 ft. by 51 ft, and was 

built in loco. The tablet on the outside is attributed to the 

Emperor Gotsuchimikado (1405 — 1500), and the one hanging 

iside, to tlie Emperor Godaigo (1319—1333). The chief image is 



Ul 

a wootlAii eflgf of DAit5 Knknihi, the ^ fonndar* of tht tompW. 
Ilcre a1m> in a iJirine oonUiniiig tlie hair of the Rmperor Baaaaono 
(UijH— LtlH). TIm pietiiTM on Ilia Bliding fMraena are all bj Kano 
Tanyn ; that of a tnoiikay in tlie ftim-no-ma being parUenJarly 
tuiioiL The ganlan wan planneil by Kotiori Rnalii, and haa a Ane 
vimr nf ilie long row of ]nneii on llie huiki of Uie Kamo JUfar, 
with the hillK t«yonl. Tliore are aliio a einre-honee, a ball-ioiMr, 
and *M} minor lulli. Blunjnan, one of tlieae kit, is famooe aa a 
fnimer renidetioe of Ikkin Zemlii, a well-known prieel of angolar 
chancier, wlioee wooden Rtaine it now eontaina. The piotiBea were 
paini«d bj Toliakn and Dasoko, wliile the garden waa deiigned bj 
Beiino ilikin. 



|kkl« vMtlMMinortiM RmprrorOolnnMlMi (ua»-tllS) MidMMaf Um 0«ut 
lail(i«. tttf day whm% ht qiiw to hit mtOgt fttc |H i ib I wIo h to inttr the |w l l 
hmi, mm up r m M hrr wllU mw — tobaTt Mm do«:b«l adil*! thai, ■»!«■ Im 
rawl tli^aMllty aiid dcUrmlrwtlcin Cotiir|«« Hlmkaand Dnrunw ■» m tosMilw 
tbem •ervf liim. Iw nufM nm In berotn* ■ prleat H« ««nt for InwInMllon fo Om 
eld^r nt AnkiikuJI: bot Iw «m imC mi* «w4ly eotitrollvd by hto Imebrra Aa IM 
f re« n|i. Iip Itroam* very fond of ICMmlntf. Ilmrtng tlmt KwmA, lb* chUf fttmH 
tit iNilkiikii il « AM at Xniknnn In iht |»rov|iicr of Onil wblthi^ be bad vltbdmvii 
In a«Hd |Ih> raUmlllM of war. h« want Uilthrr a«klfi« Id ba rvcalvad aaadl^ 
riplr. IfiiNiKh tiN rr<|iinit <t aw »»» > ral timaa rrf i»»d. b» yi- wt ilad wiUt a u c wf al to 
mvrmtiilncall nbt^tmnn Kaa'^ffara him th» nainv Ikklii. Ha waattim ft yaat* 
old.lWInf ff1>m a<«irrflvl wtafr anffaA'aw. ot.wand w lib a Ion af vbHa bofa^ 
hair at on* end, tw»»ymleUhlfhl> prlv#4 by prIavK h» tbraw tbaaiawByaa 
tlmiiffh ti# mtwltUrM them %alii<>lt-««. Kaa«A, ar^liic lhl% Nald aftba MaiU "Ha 
l« trnU a • ra/y frllow." At mi** tlm* whim tha r^lcnlfif Fmprtvr araa III. Ikka 
«aarallr«1 Ut <-<irpriirt liltn «ltb rrllatm** rniivrraalkat. \VI«il br aUd vat aa 
iniitli ftpfifprtat'd ttial h# aaa r«>«ard«d a Itb a Irtlcr of thankt rmm Iha Km* 
i«>i«>r aiwl a <'«iiitirfit a rlt.rn )•> lhf> inrmer Ktiifirrnr. Ila aaa In tbahaMlar 
r«rT>tiia alai«it a lf««K v*"!^** •*<*'^l- ^^brn a<ikrd llw rm««i ffWthN ba rtfltod 
tlial It •a%»t'iii«>||rnf tlit> falw I'TlfvM of Ihnt aiP a Iw • ara ftaid of grttlNC a 
re|Mitatltin f'>r nllpliiti* n nl aliil<> In rrallt) iliry aarv makhic Itnddblam 
ail Mil)**! nf iii*rt liatKli^ Afirr Ixini; al>l'4 of .M)6«iiAji hr rrvliMf tba aama 
*Hti<« at I altnhij <1. a pmitl**! it At aaa rrw r« rd fur th* tii<*l If^nivd and rn^aiind 
l>ri*«(» Ifmiiifii hviiaMy aM fratlraw i^ « a« hF*fi«*r*«1 ami i«««rd hy all. 
It* wa* an rirtll^iit aitut arfl ml1ltfra|>til«t. Ill* H^tufa* of n«aaf% 
Itifla. )anit*<at<a. aiHl biitiian h«tnra ara mughly draan, lart abi>* ffraat 
•kill IM« !• |«rtl<-iilarly ivn* Iti hia rft«r*«atitati«aM oC |»lnm.|rfia^ m i liMa, 
••»! r'<k« ft* iii^i In 14*1. a«r<| m. It** ■■« nn|i«| for hi* vittynyln^ 
atklnHata \all|tMiratl«i»"r tl>v latter, tlta fimnali^ liMid^nt !• tnld. I'pMi 
Nav ymradaT ll« laratM<a» r»jmrd II aa wry nnlnrky in aranc baar any 
ftiltmti>ai rfMilrvU llMifn t>f i|««th Wballlirnasa tW dlsmai al Iba basliwl nf 
nf a it^a )r«r atim Ihklii « a« ar^i r4.« tbr<«tfh tb^ •irrHm tnldinc In bla band 
a tMimatt akull « ln' h ba allll r*ial*wH a* h« ■ rtil Itiln Iba matMmns ni ihr nnMva 
and tif«i»« fif Ilia f ri^iirfw tn ««ti|*r f<* iifv^vnl tb* itMit|>ltnirf»l» nf Iba a aiMia l«i^ 
attrra anti it w ■• tli* tuMi'tn nf ili» K««*Ib |w«i|«l* !■> kff>a|»ittriff fronl faUa rkaaid 
nti N#« -jr^r • |n ••r«lrr thai !*■ »t*i'><r mitflit mm* In Wft-rv Iba »r«anta bad 
•»»nti«t II «a« r«K Ikklii ti« ••ma •••>• vIvmip •<rmirl-ttf nitfM lead laiAmllaff 
nn|>tp«niifil rriii|iplrr« i>f man • mnrialtt^ 

Sh'iji.iii, Aiiiitli'r iif till* iiiin>*r IwlU, ia Miiii1i«r«t •«( llo|i, and 
liM |»iiiinpa |«iiiih^ li^ Kaiiii TBn}n. It Iim trivial ainall riNMia 



us 

for the tea ceiemoi^ whioh wexe planned by Senno Ilikiu. His 
tomb and that of Nobunaga are near this building. 

Kohoan is at the west end of the grounds. Tlie garden was 
planned by Kobori Enshn who also built the hall aooording to 
hia own desires. Within the enclosure are several buildings. In 
the Butsuden the screens are covered with gold leaf and painted by 
Kano Tanyu. . The pictures in ghoin were drawn by Katayama 
Shokei, while the garden is a beautiful representation of tlie eight 
beautiful views of Lske Biwa. 

Among the treasures of the temple are pictures of a dragon and 
tiger, of a monlcey and stork, and of Kwannon, all by Bokkei ; 
another picture of Kwannon, by Godoshi ; etc 

Imamiya Temple. ^^^ Shinto slirine, on tlie north side of 
tlie Buddhist temple of Daitoknji, is dedicated to the tlu*ee deities ; 
5namuolii, Kotofihironnshi, and Inadahime. It was Arst built on 
Fuuaoka-yatna diirhig tlio roign of tlio Kmiwror Iuhij<) (047-1011). 
Ou account of its distauue from the city it is usually vci-y quiut; but 
crowds come to tlie annual festival durin,'^ the fir8t fifteen days of 
Hay. A procession half a mile in length follows the sacred car as 
it is carried tlirough the stieets at tliat time. 

Daihoonjii commonly known as Sembou Shakado, is a temple 
belonging to the Shingon sect of Buddhism and situated in Rokken- 
machi of Itsutsuji. All but the main building liave been destroyed 
in several condagrations oajurrin;^ since the middle of the loth 
oentuiy. This building, 72ft. by 60ft. is about 070 years old. 
Tlie two pillars in the center are of mgiuikwu (camellia sasauqua) 
wood, while the others are of cedar, 'ilie foiu* contitil pillars arc 
painted in coloi's with representations of the Shi-Teuiiu. The main 
image, 3fi high, is of Siiaka, and was made by Kasuga. The temple 
is noted for containing many ancient Buddhist images, of whidi 
iho most famous are that of Amida and six of Kwannon by Unkei, 
ten of Buddha's disciples by a Corean sculptor, and one of Amida by 
Eshin. 

Kitano TemmangS or Tenjin* This Sliinto temple, of the 

intermediate grade of Kwanpei, is one of the most famous in Japan. 
It is at the western extremity of Imadegawa St., about 3 miles from 
the Sanjo Bridge. Here are worshiped the spirits of Sugawara-no. 
Michizane ; his son, Takami; and his wife Kissho. 

MIchlxane. deified under tbe name Tenjin. was a son of tlie Councilor of State, 
Koreyo»lii. fielonifing to n family noted for itit itclioIarHhIii, Michixauc early 
■bowi-d remarlcable literary ability. At tlie aire of ulovtu lie unmixMod excclleiit 
ClilneMA |*oema. lie later wrote many litMturlcal works whlcliaro still hlulily 
esteemed. Tlie Kmitonir Uda (USA—WI) boNlowi.il much favor upon tlio yomig 



us 



•HmlAr wlm alw il«r«la|icd rrn«rlaibl# aMIItjr M A alMf 
mnm rsnli In •nciCliM' h* ftmUly li«miiM f»t^«, on* oT Um llirM MfflMrt 
•ptn M MltjiMiB of tha Kmprrnr. lit wm artorwanto ofrtrtd tlw 
lm.*tw^*mJtm fir lUtvnl. Ml iMtiar whicli to 414 nol Mec|4. Al tlitotliM II ww a 
r«r«> evnit In hav* a Mirti otloa nil«d bf any ont imA IwloQf :«(| Ib Om FlUlwam 
ffttnit jr. bihI II « m i«nijr lo rliM^i tlw prM* and anoraiica nf tlw fkmlly ttH Ow 
Kmiirmr wliraiKnl MlrMaafM>tf>MMlia|aMl(l«tfi. Wli n t1ita KMfWfor van akMil 
•n aldl««l^, be nfv«4 Ma mtrtmam to oaiUniia to fkvor ont vha vaa m( anly 
vrry lranio4 but ImmI aim liem tnimi m nun nery to lh« go in nw u wL ll« In* 
fnrnicH tbo ynrnig fiHffiro that Ibe lanvr*! ■ u rcwpl im to tht thram* waa raally 
ctvliifftDMIchlnnovholwlbMicoiwiltad aboottho ponm lo vboni It *mM 
bo nt*tnmd. 

TYie Iniprrtal fferov ■hown to Mm was the warco of Ml«Maont^ mittmrtmrnm, 
•Inrottw iMbwayortbo FnjIvaiB fftmlly was tbm evrltad atainrt Mm. T«* 
of thtMn ■lan4Mri4 Mm to tho now Rmpofor. amolns Mm of a plot tm brlaplag 
•bmii anmbrr rban«» In onWr that Itioffv mIcM bo apon tho tbrono ono vIm 
«nal«l bo « moro rva4y Iml for farthorlnt Mo ambMooo p rojoda. Tho Kwi p M W 
llilm. «liA woo (Oily olUron yoannkU wao m romt4otolv 4o<oIto4 bfHwIra*- 
•riilnno .hat hr l«nl4H^ MliMaontto iDamlfa to Kvadia. 

lliore l«a vrlUknovn fnom that tlio nmo eomimotdao A fhrovoti la Mi 
fovnrltr Hnm-lroo — 

"KncM rnliat«, 
)j|n| okooo yo, 
I' me no bona. 
ArvH nonhl tACe 

llArn na waMire to." 

"W li^tt ilie eoat o Ind orWa. u^nA fiirth }<mr owfot fraffranro. O 
llir |tlfini- iln m4 fiiryH the »|>rlnr-tlni« lie«an«e jna aro wllhnnt a 

AiO'Htiii; unmr Irfrml. tW pinni irre firw ofler bim thronrb the air lo Mo 
pU<e t^ nitf Aftrrlihidoath at fiaralfu. In «n. the F mpemr H mM to ha«o 
VTfiktl) rryrriirtl wtiot ha4 lw>«n 4«me and m ha%e ranw4 the e4l«iN atfalmd 
Mirbl»oii« in l<e Ininteil. He to now reranlnl •• a |«tmn of lllofalnro. and 
e«|NHl!illT n( ralliffrat4iT. <1ill4trn are HnffHt Id |ieoy to Mm for •noeomla 
tlwir •'frttle III lf«rn U> «nle tlie (lilnoae rhara«1erm. 



TIm* temple at Kitftnn wan ffrni bnilt in 047. It hM been 
trn (ir nmr.o tim^ii. In iGDft Tmt«tt*nii llitltn-ori, (olloiriii({ Uw 
iliT«^-t:oiii of 1n« ilfHiM*^! fatlifr, ll:il<»yo»lii, tttcinl Ui« prvMnl 
IniiMiic^. Tlioy are of iinpaiuted Aiiiftti, and iliairlivd «iUi tli« 
bark iif tlio fiame ti«#. 



In f!i>iit of till* Main IiniMinc* ii * r^t^ mllcxl 
fir (}au of tliA Tlirr^ Lnniinari6ii:fM>eal1Mnnacpmint of Ui« 
tion«> ^liK-li iiicli^l^ rn|irftentaiioiiii nf ilie mn, miMin, ainl atefv. 
Tilt* i'r<*tinfU r(ini|trLM» *i7 j arrrti and rontain 4U nnlMwdinal* •hriiwa. 
T1ier» am rrfat niiml^m of otiiw lanlrrno, »arli about 6 ft hiah, 
nrliirh ha>n l«*rn firv'^nlail \j votaiir*. Otli«^ | *w»pta lia«« taknii 
the form of l#onM> or otiinfi imaceR of a bull. Tin* ta bxun aii 
MirliirAne, alula in eiile al f>atfiifn, lo mi«1 to liav« ridiltn on atirh 
ananiiriAl. Ui rofnvnce t«i tli# «*;*«>*• lure fur tlit pinm litM*, lar;«« 
nnmlmi "f titnin are |tlanlMl aUitit tlie crouiklo, f^wmine ona of tlM 
rliirf iitt:A«tioti« of tlie lempU inaarljr Pfwin;!. 

A fe*ti \al II liekl on tlia 86tli ei moIi month, thftl ci Jmnnmry 



«MU 



U4 

attraotiiig the most people; thongli the chief iutorest oeuters about 
the annual festival during the first four days of October, which is 
one of the most important held in Kyoto. 

Hirano Temple. '^>® groimds of this temple adjoin those of 
Kitano on tlie noiih-west. It is of superior Kvxmipei grade. When 
first built, in 704, it was at tlie foot of Kinugasa-yama, a hill near 
Kinlcaknji. Tlie time of its removal is not known. Tlie main 
shrine, erected in 1626, consists of two distinct structures placed 
side by side. On the left is a small slirine called Agata. In front 
of the main shrine is an omtoiy of peculiar construction. It is 
commonly known as tlie ** Oratory of Jointed Wood," because it is 
made of vanious kinds of wood fastened together. It is considered 
a model structure of its kind. The temple grounds include about 3 
acres. They are noted for Uieir olieiry-trees, to each of which is 
given its own poetical name. In the spring, and especially at 
night, crowds come to see the blossoms. In early summer the iris 
flowoi-8 in the toniplo-poiiil are also very attractive. The annual 
festival occurs April 2iid. 

Kinkakuji, whose proper name is Rokuonji, belongs to the 
Zen sect and is subordinate to Shokokuji. It is iu Kitayama-mura, 
noiih-west of Kyoto, and over 3 miles from Sanjo Bridge. It was a 
pleasure house of Saionji Kimitsugu. Near the close of the Lltli 
century Asliikaga Yosliimitsu, after abdicating tlie shogunate, retired 
to tills place wliore he nominally became a Budddist monk, though 
still Goiitiiming to guide the affairs of state. Ho iiuulo a beautiful 
gaiden containing a pond on whose bank he consti'ucted a jiavilion 
covered with gilding. Tlie place thus became known as Kinkakup 
no-Gosho, or Falace of the Gold Pavilion. After his death in 
1413 and in pursuance of his directions, the Shogun Yoshimoclii, 
his son, added otiier buikliugs. From destructive firas occurring iu 
tlie l5tli and IBtli centuries nothing but the pavilion and garden 
was saved. The present grounds have an area of 18 acres. 

The Hojo, where the abbot resides, was rebuilt in 1678. Its 
diief image is a sitting statue of Sho Kwauzeon made by Jocho. In 
the garden before it is a noted camellia tiee, while at the back is the 
famous Rikushn-no-matsu, or Land-boat Pine, which is trained in 
the sliape of a Japanese junk. In the Daishoin three rooms known 
as the Grape Room, Pine Room, and Banana Room, have pictures 
by Jakuchu. The first of these rooms was for tlie use of the Em- 
peror. On the east of Daishoin is Koshoin where ara sliowu a 
collection of antiquities and hanging pictures. 

Kyoko-ike is the large pond that occupies about half of the 



146 



gunWii. It (viiitjiiiifi S PiiUiH inlanili ami nmnj otMlj-diapail tioi 
TIm (AtnoiM Kinkakn, npon the north nde of tlie pond, htm thrat 
tAimw, It in 38 ft Ion?, 38 ft hrmA, and 43 ft hi|^ On tlw roof 
in A iMrnnae ATT, or plioenii. In tho flrst iitory Are pleeeil im a ge e of 
AmUlji, Kwannon, eivl flsiiihi, all mrfoil by IJnkei; alao a elalne of 
A«hUui9i Y<Nihifnitxn. A little btiikUi^ annend to tlw vest aide of 
tliia story in gravely pointed out as tlw plaee wImts Toahimitaa 
need to waiili hi* hanla. Tlie Moond ttovy formerly had ili 
eeilinpi aikl pillam aditrned with piotoree by Kano llaeanoliii, 
which lia%« now almodt completely faded away. The KwaoDoa 
in this mom was made fay Bshin SSso, and the 8hi TtanS iQr K5b9 
Daishi. The upper story is the Kinkakn prop«; ita eailing, 
railinf*fl, An. tiavin ; once l«en emIiellislMil with Rold whieh waa 
biiil npon a \amisli tliat cnvprf^l liempen cloth. Very little of tti# 
ffold nf»w rpmains. Tlie ceilin:^ i^ said to be made of a aingU 
bnard nf camplKn-wrtofL 'flie tablet bears an inscription written Igr 

tlM Fjii|t<yror (}<iknniatsii (l;t9:(-14la). 

Tn ihn went of tlie bniblinf; i* Keen the symmetrical form of 
Kfnii)ui«A->iiiiui, or Bilk Hat Mmintain. A<vanlina to one tradition, 
YoxlitiiiiUiti had it rvnerod nn a hot summer day with white silk in 
oidrr that it inicbt a|ipf*ar as tlion;;li it were covered witli snow. 
Another tratlition asrhlies tlie art to the ex-Kmperor Uda who from 
hi* plikro st Omuro etijoyed tlw wintry effect Tite slirine of 
l>aik«<kuieii, ^ith sn iiuace rar\'ed by Kobd Daiidii, is north of tlie 
pavilion, anil near \iy are R|«-in(;s ealletl (finluuaen and (lanka eni, 
and the wslrrfall lUuinon-n«vtaki. TIm (}inka sprinff famished 
YiMliiiniUti with water for use in tlie tea eeremoniea. Asoending 
tlie fftoiui ntepA to a trrove of pine tre^s, an<»tlier pond containing 
a piiiall ihlsufl in fouml. On tlie slope of a hill beyond may be seen 
what i« knitwn as the tlwhvi Ihumnnji, the diaraeter ^ being a 
)«rk -hsntlnl rr|ireM>ntation of tlie (*hinese cliaraHer ^, pronounced 
/Kri Bitil rnrsnirv: "(Ireaf* Donfires are lighteil here at tlie same 
tiiti<i s«< in tlie /J^iimiifi;i on the otlter siile of tlie rtty. 

A rinsll Imililin* ralh^I Hekiuitei is a typical cnttaoe few 
rereni'>iiisl t^'s^binkin:.*. It contains a celelvated pilUr mails of a 
niAr^tiAni tine sUmiI li iii«*lics in rircnrnfetence. Outeiile is a slone 
)A»in in th«* form of Mt Fuji. lH*sc«»n(lin;; a flurlit of Atone steps 
at tlie iKirtli, s nnall rate i» rearhe*!, outside of whidi is a slinne 
With sn iriM'c •>( Kmlo rar^ml bv Kobi l>ai«lii. 

Atn'>ii;r the ticajtiirps preser%cil in tlie temple are a picture of 
lUiTiina hy Koiin, one itf mountain fM*eneTy hy fllmbun, and 
pictur«*« of cau ami d<iga I7 Okyo. There is also a biaiitifal 



k^^.'i^piiBa 



146 

writing box of laoqner made by Koetsu. 

Tojl-in. ^^^ temple is situated in tlie village of tlie same 
name, at tlie eoutbem base of Kinnkasa-yama, and about four miles 
from Banjo Bridge. It is also called Mannen-zan. Founded in 
1639 by Afiliikaga TaJcauji, its first abbot was Mus5 Kokushi. In the 
building called Sbodo are seated images made of wood covered with 
lacquer, that represent nearly all the members of the Ashikaga 
family who held the position of Bhogun. All are reraesented as 
dressed in hariginu, or ceremonial court robes, witli peculiar hats 
such as were worn by officials, and holding in their hands a wooden 
tablet such as wae carried by nobles when in the presence of the 
Emperor, originally for the purpose of noting memoranda, but 
afterwards merely as a symbol. The difference in the size of tlie 
statues is intended to show the respective ages of the Slioguns. In 
the priests' apartments are many screens, including those represent 
ing tlie Twenty-four Obedient Children, painted by Kano Sanraku. 
Tliere are also hanging pictures by Kano Tan>'u and others. 

Historians liave painted the Ashikaga period in darkest colors. 
While there was abundant reason for doing tliis, it needs to be 
remembered that many writers were glad to use past occurrences for 
expressing what could not so safely be uttered concerning the 
events of their own times. Dr. Griffis in **The Mikado's Empire " 
says. 

**So utterly demorahzed is the national, political, and social life 
of this period believed to have been, that the Japanese people malte 
it the limbo of all. vanities. * * « * The satirist or writer aiming at 
contemporary folly, or at blundei*s and oppression of tlie Govern- 
ment, yet wisliing to avoid punishment and elude the censor, clotlies 
his characters in the garb and manners of this period." 

In 1862 and 1863 Kyoto was filled with r'Snin and other agitators 
who were seeking the overtlirow of tlie Sliogunate. Among oilier 
expressions of their sentiments, some of them on a night in April 
of the latter year took off tlie heads of some of these images which 
tliey placed in the dry bod of tlie Kamo River where it was custo- 
mary to pillory the heads of criminals. 

Ryuanji. '^^^^ temple, situated about a quarter of a mile east 
of Omuro, is also known as Daiun-zan. It belongs to the Binzai 
branoli of the Zen sect. Originally the country villa of Sadaijiu Sane- 
yoshi, it afterwards came into the possestfion of Hosokawa 
Katsumoto, who gave directions tliat after liis death it should be 
transformed into a temple. 

The Hondo, or liiain Hall, was originally a building attached to 



147 

Tofnknji, from wh^noe it was wmorw l to tlie prwuni looilioii. 
TIm picitm of the dragon and bird of paiadiae painled on Ilia aall. 
int w bj Cli3 Demm. 

Hoju, which » UiareaMlanoe of tlie ahhot, was the eoanCiy booM of 
Katanmoto nnrW whnae diraeiion tlie gaidan waa taatafnlly arran^iad. 

A« tlio tninple (tronnil faoea tlie tonih and ia anraanad from ttia 
nntili winda hy Kinnkaaa-yama, it ia a warm apot in winter, and 
itiiM attiacU large nnmbera of water-fowl to tlia pond thai ia in tha 
garden. 

Hiimaji, ^"o called Ooehi-Taoia, is tlia principal tampla of flia 
Hhinffon Met It is situated 4 miles fmm Banjo Bridgs at Ouehi in 
the Tillage of Omnro wliere in aooordauoe with the desiraa of tha 
Rmperor KiikT*, it was Imilt in ri.iA, When tlia Emperor Uda In 
Hfni retiictl from the tlirone, Ite liocame a monk ; ami siihaai|nantlj 
erarUvl a lioiiae wlierein lie performeil reliRioaa oaremoniaa. For 
this ifHuon tlie moiiasUny is pnpiilailr called Omnro (Honorable 
l*alaf«). Until tlie time of tlio llestomtion it was piesided over hf 
mtmXmn of tlie Imperial Family who liad become monks and were 
doniiminat4Hl Moiurlu, In theOjinpprind (1^07-1-aOU} tlie buildin;xa 
weif* ileKtrn\f«| liy fin*. In 1G3I ToJiiirsws Icmitnti, who was about 
ttft leliuild the Imperial i'alanr, removc«l hitlier the oM Rliisliinilcn, 
TnunpgfiU*!!, and ntlier bnildin^^s in order tliat tliey miglit be 
pr^^r\«Ml as pp^'imens of the arrhitrrttire of a fotnm a:;e. Ten 
YfAm Is'er se^m-al other MlifftHi makin * £»<) in all, were completed, 
ftirniiiif! an imp<Ming maM nf l<>aiitiful huiMiiv^s. AlMiut 2u Af 
tliTK^ wrir luiriiMl in l.-M>4. Tli^ |iresent Sliinileu and iie\en oilier 
fvlifvY" nrrie «*r««<*tfHl th(» neit vrar. Tlie frronikls include GO am*. 

fiaiitiiin, (ir (tieat (rst«», fai^es toward the soutli. Tlie Hliinilen 
ami otli«^ b«iildin;.'s sta at tlie left. Three or four hnnibed feet 
noith of !>sirnon is a ninall pate Irsdin^ to a :!aiden planted with 
dwarf r]i(*iry tira*« wIiok^ liian"hes are trained in such a way tliat^ 
wli^n in ll'iwrr, tin* prittin*! n^i^ins in 1«» ro>enl wiUi tlie pink and 
whiifi MiwR'iinn whtrh attra<'t rrowiU of ^isittirs. 

Kwsnnoihlo, rJft m|iiarr, wan Hiilt in IfLli by lemitsn. Ita 
priii'*i|iAl iins(*e m of tlie ThonNanMiandiNl Kwannnn. (}oy««l6 on 
tlw> niMtli, whirh is sinrnuiifM b> an esrilien wall, was built in 
imitation of tlie Httiri-<id«»n m tlie Impeiuil Palaop. It is .tuft 
sqiiarp ar»l ltd prinripal iina»:e is of Kobo nauihi. Kast of this is 
Koikto. ;4ft. I7 ivift., with Amvla f<«r the |«inMpal imat^e. It la tlia 
Hhii^litni|«>n of s fitrni«*r Talanr. Tlie ri\e-M««riM pa;oila itamlinii 
in till* piiM* (•'•*«e ia Sift square ai«l lu-ift. hii:li. It was biult in 
10.11 Inr leniitsu, and containa an imafs of Uatniehi NyoiaL On 



M-AP 



Ud 

the monntain in the rear of the temple are 83 small shrines 
made in imitation of the same number of holy places in the Island 
of Sliikoku. 

Myoshinji, &1bo oalled Shoho-zan, is in the village of Hana- 
aono, 4 miles west of Sanjo Bridge. Being one of the principal 
temples of the Binzai division of the Zen seot, it has about 3 )U ) 
others under its control. The grounds formorly belong )d to ^idai- 
jin KiyowaraNatsuno; but the ex-Emparor Hanazono, being very 
fond of the landscape, bought it for the erection of a summer palace. 
When afterwards he embraced the doctrines of the Zen sect he 
transformed the palace into a temple. Inviting Kwanzan Kokushi 
to be the abbot, he built for himself a new palace called Gyokulio- 
in. In 13J5 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, displeased at Uie aid rendered 
to his enemies by the abbot, confiscated tlie temple grounds and 
destroyed all the buildings except the Bishoan and Oyokuho-in. 
Afterwanls those that had lioen thus destroyed were rebuilt. 
The temple grounds which liave an extent of 75 aaros, are surronmU 
ed by eiulhen walls. There are about -1 ) buildings. The main 
entrance to the grounds are tlie Nammon on the south and Hoku- 
mon on the north. Inside the former is the Sammon whicli was 
built in 1500, and lias in the second story images of Kwanuou, 
Daishi, ami others. The ceiling is decomteil with paintings 
of Howers. 

Tlie Butsuden, built in MS I, has an image of Slinka, accom- 
panied by those of Kayo and Anan, all carved by Kalmsei. Tlie 
four pines standing between this building and Sammon avo called 
the pine trees of the four divisions, refoiring to the four groups 
into which the subordiiiatu tomplos within the gi-ouUilH are dividod. 

Hatto, standing on tlie north side of the principal building, is 
73 ft. by 66 ft and was built in 1656. It is here tliat religious dis- 
courses are delivered and various ceremonies performed. The 
gorgeous dragon painted on the ceiling by Tanyu Hogen Morinobu 
is regarded as peerless. The bath-house called Akedii's Bath was 
built for the benefit of tlie soul of Akechi Mitsuliide who treadi- 
erously slew his master, Oda Nobunaga. 

Konroz5 is the name given to the depositoiy for the 6257 books 
forming the Buddhist canon. The tablet inscribed with the tliree 
diaracters of its name was written and preseuted by the Ehiiperor 
Fushimi (1238-1203). The copying of the books occupied twelve 
priests for eiglit years. 

Adjoining Hatto are Shinden, or Sloeping-room ; and the two 
Hojos. The Large Hojo, OUft. by 66ft, was rebuilt in 1651. The 



■«Ji 



-MM 



U9 

picinrm on tlie iktmim of the three front roomi mn pftinled by 
Tenyit ; tlioee of tlie imr roomii by iUno Uneme llManoba. 

Tlie KaiMmilo, or Founder's HaU, is eest of tlie BnuM Hojo^ 
Hie Kara-mon before it wee formerly » (tete of tlie PftUoe Mid «M 
l«M«nted to tlie temple I7 tlie Emperor OokomeUa (1808-14 i8)i 
11/ iU side iitondB Uie tomb of Toyotomi Snintcimi, Hkl^roehi*e fln* 
son, who died while only e boy, so that his imei^e repraetnti himM 
riding in s tt^ btmt of which he wee %ery fond. 

West of this is Gyoknlio-in which wes the paliee of the ti- 
Kni|«rfir Hsimsono whnee stetue, representin-x him M elad In 
ptiei^tly rnbm, is insUlled witliin tlie building. Tlie four ChiiMM 
doors of tlie Snijim are said to have been brought from tlia pallet 
of UieCliinese Emperor Oonso of the To dynasty. The aorMM 
were i^in'sd by lUuo E.shin. ThtMe in tlie Nea:o4hitsii| whieh 
wan Hanaxono's sittin:x*room are by Kano llaannobo. 

Tliorn are msny more buili|in;s in tlie eitensive grounds. A 
boll is said to liavo l«on oast in GU7. 

Aiiioiif* ilio treasures of tlie temple are pictnres of Moojn 1^ 
Nuiliai Ki3j<>, piriurofi of the H x'een l)isciples of B*iaka by ZengaUn 
I>siiilii, sikl ei|;lii ('liin«>w views b> Kano Mot»nnha. 

Katsara-no-Riky5. 1^1*>" Bummer ralacs is on tlie west 
l«nk of the Katsura Iliver, al»out r> miles went of Suijii Bridge^ 
'Hieie i« no ettemlod view as si SlidpJiuin: hut tlie grounds show a 
t\|iinil evainple of tlie lie^t Jspsneee IsmlwMpe ganleiiing tliat was 
rAllfil rf^i »n yn nAuti, nr tea-neiemonv ntyle. Tlniv hnnilnkl yeara ago 
To)oi4inii lliileyoslii built tlitn puisne for one of the pnn'v^ It long 
nA*^ tlir property of the Kftteura brsii*li f*f tlie |mp*ruil family: but 
Iis« istiOy leen msile one of the Imperial pleajinre grounds. 
Kntrpiii; the hiiiklin* by WRy of the Tii^er Veramltli, one comes to 
thf* K'l^hoiii. Ill front i* s A.|iun> lAmboo frame kii >wn as Tsnki- 
m.fUi, <ir Moon\iewin:;frAnie, fr^mi the n«e i-\ wliirli it was pot 
on vMrnriief eveniiit?^ Ne«t to the K«»«liotn m (inmlioiii, while tlie 
ls*i A-M(n of io<uii« in (liik'tgoten whirli aie the Kmpernr's rooinSi 
K"tiie l<*aut;(nlly wotknl ^IteUea lieie are known as KslHnra-no-tank 
They aie iiuiile of »e\eial KiixU of precious wotvls. Tlis paintinga 
ill the I'sisfv sie of thf Ksno wrlirMtl; hut unfoitunately most of 
t>iriii hs%e l«M*it niurli lUmsiTivl. lUimiiiiig to tlie eiitraiHW, visitcws 
are i*fitiiliirtr«| to the piidcii li> the |r|ii-ii(»-komon (UtPinall^lSL) 
Here aie trees of ^ariotm ■hspna, |wtTk|«, »tream», l«i(l|^, aUme 
Uii'rrn*, siiil artiOcisI hill*. In (he Iske pows a plant called 
I Xtnf whirh, in Sfklitnm to the yellow flowers common elsewliers^ 
alii» lc«up rnl oiv'a. 



150 

On entering ilie gaiden and passing a bridge, a resting place is 
readied called Omadiiai by the side of the Onari Gate. The 
hillock facing it is called Sotetsu-yama, or Sago Palm Hill. Oros- 
sing on the stepping-stones, visitors are conducted to anotlier hil- 
lock wliere is tlie Yotsn-Koehikake-no-maohiai or the Bestin^-place 
with 4 Seats; thence to Shokintei, which is a house for tea-jNurties. 
A stone bridge to the east was constructed from a lai^ piece of 
granite brought by Kato Yoshiakifrom Shirakawa in the province of 
Iwaki, about 490 miles distant, while tlie two stones in front of 
the building are called Kotonoura. Shokintei ¥ra8 planned 
by Kobori Enshu a fkmous master of the tea-ceremony. A room 
called Yatsu-mado-no-seki, or Eight-windowed Room, is noted for 
excellence of design. The view from tlie front of the building is 
called Yoru-no-omo and is said to resemble that of Amauohashidate, 
one of the three most noted views of Japan. Walking along tlie 
pond, Hotaru-dani, or Fire-fly-valley, where firo-flies apiieai* earlier 
in the Boason than elsewhera, is reached; and beyond it is a house for 
tea-parties, called Shukwa-tei. A small moss-covered stone lantern 
on the way is called Suikei-no-toro, or Water-and-Firelly Lantern, 
because at evening tlie reflection of the light in the pond resembles 
a fire-dy. At the west side of the hillock, before a biiildin;^ called 
Enrindo, is a stone which was brought from Corea at the time of 
tlie invasion made at Hideyoshi's command. Pausing two stone 
bridges, there is another building known as Mutsu-mmbuioMJci, or 
Six-windowed Boom. A decoration on a wall under one of the 
windows is said to Im the oldoNt piece of velvet in Japan, having Ixxui 
brought from (Jliiua durhig the AHhikaga i>orio(l (1 l-lG ixiniiiriuH). 
A window called EuHliu-no-wasiiro-mado, ur Eiishu's Forgetting 
window, is so called because the builder forgot to finibh ii Passing 
the ponds of Ghushoin and Koslioin, visitors are conducted to 
another tea-house called Qeppa-ro, or Moon-wave House. A 
moss-covered basin for washing hands is from its form called Koma- 
gata-no-chozubachi, or Sickle shapeil Basin. 

Hozukawa. West of Arashiyama, tlie river Oi cliaiigos its 
name to Hozukawa. It is lined with huge roukH ami ouurinous 
boulders among which the water ruslies with so imjiotuous a 
current tliat until Suminokura Byoi cut away the rocks and 
changed the course of the water it was not navigable. It is now 
passable only to boats of peculiar construction guided by the most 
skillful boatmen; for, in shooting with arrow-like velocity between 
the projecting rocks, a single mistake would prove disastrous. 
Visitors are recommended to take time for tliis exciting rido. In 



J -■ 








,4 








f ■ 






F 1 


Pi] 


e J 


M 


1 


mm 


J 



lit 

oid«r to do thif ^nrikiiliM ihoiild he taken for the Tillifi of 
Hom, ftlioat 16 milM from Kyoto. Tlwre a tai^B boat imn be hind 
for about 3.50 jiai. In tlia lUftamoon tlia prioa is lii^iar. Boala 
will not go wlien ilia water ia too higli or too aliallow. Tlie da- 
aeent to Aranhiyania takoa about 9 honra. Tlie pleaaanteat time of 
tlie year to niaka tlie trip ia late in Rpring wlien tlie ateep banka of 
the riT^r are oorered wiUi red aaleaik 

Arashi-yanui. I'rom the aoiithem bank of the li River riaea 
a fteep hill oorered with eheny, maple, and pine teeee. Under tlie 
name of Araahi-jama it is one of tiie moat eelebrated plaeee in 
Japan. At ita baae tlie ea-Emperor Kameyama (190'>.19i0) dwelt in 
what waa called tlie Bi^ Maoe. To inoeaae ita attmetiona lie 
anleind a lante nnralcr of eheny tiooa to lie lennglit from Yoaliino 
in the laorinca of Tainato and planted on tlie mountain whieh 
anon became n«»t«d for the bloaaoms that tliey prodnred. On tlie 
a|i|KwiU» nitle nl tlio liver are tea-houAeii and lefftanranta, of whieh 
tlie-im caIUnI HAii;;onya are the moet noted. Wlien tlie olieny tieea 
aie ill MiHim tlioiinaikbi rome to tlicne placva iliat tliey may look 
ti|Mm th(* MoMwimH Uiat, like piiik rlomlH, rest on tlie alnpeii of tlie 
MoiiiiUin. Many hire Imatii to row upon the quiet water wliereon 
in rrflrctnl tli(« lieatitifiil iK<^nery. A httle way up tlie riTer ia a 
mineral l«th paid to lia\^ mcdiriual |trop(Ttiea tliat render it 
M>|irrtally liriioririal to thrtw tionblnl wiUi rh^uniatinm. Near tlie 
Hniiuf^uya nii anciont Ukl^r eallr<l T(v<*t«uJ^y«\ or ll)id;:e of tlie 
(**iiMiiii ; Moon, Icail* in tlie n|i)Mtfiite pIioto wlir:o \m tlie temple of 
ll«*riiiji. finiii;; a nlidit dif^taiire almiu the Imiik of tlie ri^er, one 
anttm in iIm* f*hwlftr\ ]*(h>I, ili<» r/uitnn liring a kiinl of ploirer wliote 
noU* an heard in winin' e%rnin;ii maki«ii it tlie nnliject of many 
J«|i«iir<«* |wioin«. NfAi tlio ]mmi1 in ■ Rniall watnfall called Tknaaa. 
A ^hiirt ili'tAii*^ tip tlic bill in tlw t<*mpl6 of I)«iliikakn cont\inini{ 
ftii iinaj<« of till* Thi>iifUii»iMiaiMlcil Kwannon by tlie pri^nt Raliin. 
Th«^f> i« aUo a fttatno of Hiuntiioknra Kyoi, to whom alao a 
mnniirnont ban U^n rrM*tr«l in fioni nf tlie lempbk 

<('tiiii'H<lririi Itt'^r* rf>al ntmr «ji« Y««*'iM« R« "^1 H«p namr ^«iflilfiiikitfm !• 
tl«l '•/ (I «lll\ff«> III ■<«» vhrr* li^ li«i-^ Thmiflt hr pr<tfi<wlw» W ••• a 
l'li)"l< t-iii U*n mltiral r'«w1n#«i for htitrmitit*^ li^l IiIki In InvMtlgBl* Ihr |*iiiliar 
in^«^-ii'iil« "f «Airr ftivl th*lA««l>y « hl>li llt«>* arr ^»«rnt«il Hf t»m'««lnc 
r*«k*«ii'l •^«i«4rii4lliii rmtmiiktit»«il4 W m^i|r Uir ll'^fMka»« R'«|4>l* tM«lc«lil« 
il« <1|<I ■ •li'illar « iif k r<tt iii(%nv <i(lt*r f|«m ««htihltt^ |i»fnr» iM'^n i«<iiat«|»tr4 
Itnintavii'iv 1 Mf iliU ifi«««t Im VMS tmii h tm^nrrd by i#}a»n, %hm rtral f«# |Im 
T<i4 •i.*m «• It «h'>r'i««« In |<«il lir Itillt A Ur^* altii. « ||lt • hl« h hr ««f«««v4 ltMl« 
• Mil \iitifi III* llc-l III I* M At Mf «•« nf I I 

Til** \uyf frxin tlir trinplf aj# nn^rl aikl atimdne. At it vtanili 
on a |«ojr«*iin;; lock, the clieny ffto\t^^ tlie old pine tn«a, and the 



169 

clear water of the river seem dixeotly nndemeath: 

Ara8hi)'aiiia is never wiihont some attraction for visitors. After 
the oheny bloesomes have " fallen in a shower of snow," the (^een 
leaves of the oheR>'s and maples appear. The autumn folia;{e is 
brilliant, and even the winter soeneiy has a oliann of its own. 

Horinji, f^lso called Ohifukn-zan, is a little south of Togetsn 
Bridge. It was built by the Emperor Shomu in Td-l. Since the 
time of the abbot Dosho it lias belonged to the Shin'^on seot. The 
name of this abbot is by legend associated with the image of Koku- 
BO Bosatsu which is enshrined in the main building. Having spent 
one hundred days and nights shut up in tlie monastery performing 
the myptic rites of Koknzo, he, at the termination of iliis period, 
went out to draw water to be offered befoie the image. The May 
moon was just sinking behind the western hills, while Uie morning 
star appealed in the eastern f<ky. As he tuiiuxl the water into the 
|iail wliiuh ho hod U'onght, the light of tlie btoi- iuuicaMxl in bril. 
liaiioy, and, to the great suipi'ise of the abbot, he saw that the rays 
reileoted from the sleeve of his robe were ti-ansfoimed into the like- 
ness of Kokiizo. He could not rub off the stinugo ralleution 
wliicli remained there for several days. Becoguizing this as a 
manifestation of the deity tliat he liad been invoking, he carved an 
image of wood which he placed inside tlie larger statue where it 
still remains. 

^ est of the principal building is another containing an inm^'e of 
Daikokuten carved by Kobo Daishi. Hither on tlie lUth of Moixsh 
come biightly-dressed boys and girls to make wliat is called the 
*' Thirteenth-year Pilgi'image " from the age of tlioeo making it. 
In old times it is said tluit childi«n came when 12 years old to 
pray for wisdom, tlie next year to receive it, and on the third to 
give thanks for its bestowal. As ci'owds of other people come at 
the same time, the temple grounds present a Uvely appearance. 

XJmenomiya Jintha. This Shinto temple is of the inter- 
mediate giade of KtDompei It is at Nishi-Umezu, about a mile 
southeast of Araslii-yama ; and is dedicated to the God of Sake- 
brewing and to the deity who protects women in child-birth. The 
Empress Saga is also worshiped here. She was long without diild; 
but, in answer to her prayers offered at this shrine, was gi«ntcd a 
son. In hopes of securing an easy delivery, she placed uudur her 
bed some sand from this temple. In remembrance of this, women 
of the present day put some of the sand in their girdles. A small 
pond is full of haJcUsubata plants. 

Matsuno-O Jinsha. '^^^^ Shinto temple, situated at the foot 



of MitmiuHVTAinft ahont » miW ■outli of Aianhi-yaiiift, U mm id tht 
eliifff Kwmmpfi ulirinm. It it cMialid to ftiiialRii4io.Mfluilo and 
Ieliikiiiliiiiuuliiine.no.1ifjkoto. II in mM tltal Um rtd tirow vfakh 
Tamnyori.hinie picked up at Kamo (800 tlie tmdiiioii in eomiMlioii 
wiUi ilia arconni of Sliimo/huno) naa ilie tmnafifmaliflQ of tfM 
fltvt of UieM* ikitiaa. Ha ia ilia coil of aaka-lavwins and ao alliiuti 
from all parta of ilia conntry tlioaa aoTa^ad in thai ooonpaliiNL 
In anciani timea ili^ lampla waa npon ili^ hill, haina ramovad to Ilia 
pafeiit placa in ;ol. Tliara iigfa\aiy a»tanai\a jtronnda oonnaalaj 
witli tliia vhrina nniil ir»60 wlian ilia haildinga vara Inroad; 
"lid ai ilia iima of reconiiiniciion ilia aneloanra aiaa auuiia eiad to 
"»« pffvani »iaa of alioni aaaa. Tlia main alirina, Si)fl Iqr t4|fl, 
iiada nf kntUi and rnofad wiili ilia Ymtk of tlia aama traa^ A 
wittiiikrtl )iiiir iifo rallrtl AioLniwynaim in liaU in apaeial htrnm 
h »lif>«ii li^' ii^ gild la of »>iiaw ntfic i«» wliinli aia hiinK piaeaa of 

• itr pA)^r. Ff^ii^alu aia liald on ili^ 2iid of April naii anoeaail- 

• ilif *«aAy of ilie lliirt>/' uml ilia fifti *• day of ilia llinl" in May. 
8aih5ii, ^ Hudtlhii't t^mplo nf ilia Z#n red and anlijael to 

'Viinnji, in in Mit*>iio, a \illa(« of Kadono (*oiiniy. li waa fcMindad 

y Mniu Kiikn^lti wlin in Mittl io liax^ plann^ ilia iasiafnl pardan 

*\urh irrniih.d^iftl oiw»of ilie l^nt upprimennof landiieapa ipudanina 

•ind luA ftitiai-tionA nt all fteanonfi of ilia yaar. In its p«>nd aia larga 

nil ml 4^11 of car|v 

Konofhima Jintha- Tliia Kliinto ulirira^ i* in a amall pova 
aUtut oiM« f.ftli of amila raKt of Kor>iiji. llaiim dnliealad in ilia 
(Mallr'w of Stik-rtilittici mkl Hilk.wfiavtn:', ii i« fiaqnaniad hy iluwia 
eiifMf m1 in ilirfA ocrtipaiioiiit. ]n ancifiii iimai tlia Ilada family 
woT»lii}««il At tliifi •'Iirinf* : an did al«n Kiirvliadtvi and Ayaltaditfi, 
iwfi (')tiii«N4* Wivnen ulio taiiplii JB|iAn ilia aii of waavinn ailk. 
The lUiUii ha\in ' pre«eiitNl io iha trt^emmfni a lanra i|uattt4ty of 
ihe iir<«Iiii*tff of iluMT liMim\ ilia Kmp^ror Yoriyaku (ld7-4ifl) 
oi|Ke«««iil liip paiiiiidfi lnr;;i%in; to tlialiead of ilia family ilia nama 
I xnrna^a, wliu'lt i» Mi;d to \w> i\n\\H\ fioin ilia word ittwlAiala 
niaauiikK **liaa|t«/' refi^ranoa Uins mada in ilia graai qnaaiity of ailk 
wlii'-li liail l«<«>n rrr«i%eil. Tlia %ilUf:a of rtumaaa, wliieh waa 
ilieir leftiikimT, Aiill ii»ia;na ilia nania. In tlia iampla ino^a ia a 
•inall »|iffiii;: of wAtrr, t*>tt wliirli la Unit a ilira«-foolad frru that ia 
Mhl til lepTwani an okl man in a aiiUi^ prwtnra. Tlia raaann for 
lU rrr-tioii la niikiKtwn 

Xbrvnii.*l«^>nall^l ll<<k(»ji. i« one the of prinnpal lempVea of ilia 
Slim .in«i^t. li i« m ilia %illap»of rriiMia^a, ahtilaoiaf 3| nulaa 
wca of liiii>i ilrid|;a. It waa IniUI I7 lUlaoo JUwakalao al tU 



I6i 

order of Sliuiokii Taislii in 580. Originally ilte grouudB were 
nearly half a mile square, but iliey are now reduced to I/5 of Uiat 
idle. Though the buildings and grounds are of little interest, the 
images and otlier treasures are rare speoimens of Japanese art. 

The wooden images of Kongo Bikidii, standing on eaoli side of 
the two-storied gate (Romon) were made tiy Toribusslii. Kari.Kondo 
has an image of Yakuslii-butsn. To the north is Kongodo contain- 
ing an image of Jizo oarved hy Kobo Daishi. In tlie center of Kobo is 
an image of Amida, having on the right liand side Kwannon and 
Jiso caned by Doslio Daisojo, while on the left are Kokuzo and the 
Thousand-handed Kwannon. A building dedicated to Hatano 
Kawakatsn having been burned in 818, tlie fragments of wood 
left after the conUagiution were need for a second edifice. When 
this was burned in ll&u the process was repeated, thus giving the 
Kodo now in existence. 

South of Kodo is Kami-Kyiioin, also called Taishido which 

contains a statue reprafionting Shotoku Taislii, carved by huuBolf 
when 1)3 years old. I^Vom ancient times it lias been ciiKtoiiiary to 
dotlie this image in a court dress of yellow siUc which is provided 
by tlie Imperial family and renewed whenever it becomes torn as 
also on years when there is a memorial festival in honor of Shotoku. 
On the east of tlie building stands a small shrine witli images of 
Kui-ehadori and Ayaliadori, two Chinese women who first instructed 
tlie Japanese in silk weaving. A stone lantern surrounded by a 
fence which stands at the front comer of tlie building is said to 
liave been made by Shotoku Taishi. 

Hakkakudo, or Octagonal Hall is in a teo-plantation about a 50 ft 
west of Taishitlo. The iiriiutiiial imago is of Amiibi, inndo by 
Sli5toku Taishi. The building is 12 J5 years old. 
A festival is observed on Oct I2tli. The treasures of the temple 
include a Biography of Shotoku Taishi with illustrations by Hata 
Chishin, a Biography of Noehoin illustrated by Tosa Yukinobu, 
and the so called " Constitution " containing seventeen aiticles 
comnosed by Shotoku Taishi and copied by the Shogun Ashiloiga 
Yosliiteru. 

Seiryoji. ^^is temple is also called Gotoi-zan, but is more 
commonly known as Sa^'O-no Shakadu. It is situated in Kami 
Saga, J miles north of Togetsu Bridge and over miles west of 
Sanjo Bridge. Though at first of the Shingon Sbot it was afterwards 
transferred to the Jodci and became subordinate to Cliiou-in. 

The main building 84ft. by 80ft was erected in 17u2. Tlie main 
object of worship is an image of Shaka, 5ft higli, said to have been 



imde'lgrlBiilitikftiramA, an Indian Boalpknr daring Htm UMiflM df 
tht BuMluk The lagsnd m^b iluU «hil« SbakA wM in out of Hm 
h«iTent pTMolitng to hii moilMr, the diiotploi feli to lont^ tl hit 
Altfitnoe tliai King Uien taking pity on tbom oonMboAid a picaa of 
red MuidaUwond, whiW one (rf tlie disoiplw drew a poitemll from 
moraoiy for Uie gnidanoe of the imilptar. 'flio alatno «M inetelltd 
in tlie monaMery of Gion Shdja; bnt when Shaka roiiarnad il ouna 
down tlie Mepe to meet him and tlio two went baok inlo the 
moimKtery tueether. 'Hm image waa Uooght from Obioa ia 9ll7, 
and placed in tlie Daigokn-den of tlia Imperial Palaee by ttM 
EmpertM" loliijo, who afterwatda bnilt thia templa for ita iwaplioa 

Rant of tlie main hnildii^ is tlie Amidado, 49fi Igr Sttfi with ia 
imago of Amida made by Toribaeahi. TIm abboi*a raaideaoe eoMiali 
of tliTM rootna witli maeena painted by Kano I>oan. North of il to 
Rlioin conaifting of two rooma, tlie wall of the npper one being 
|AtiitBil by Kano Tan^n and the screens by Kano Donn. Weal of the 
main biiikling is a rmaller one with a statuo of Yaknahi. Tha 
twtvuttirioil gatf lias images of tlie Kongo RikisliL 

A serwiv oalleil (iiJtdlkwai is held from tlie ijUi to tlia iSth 
dsy« of Jsniian% Msy , and Srpteniher. Tlie IktUtmb^dn eeiiiiw in 
ni«mory of tlie aM>i*tii Clionen and Hukyo is from tlie iiHh to 
tlie i:^Ui of Apiil. On tlie lutli of March in a fasti iral ealled iWiaiyii; 
wliil^ on April l<ftii ooonrn tlie important oeremony ealled Oii- 
tiiifiif^pii.// K, wlieii the whole Inly of the image of Shaka 
i« wipnd with clotlis made of bleacliod hemp and eoHoB 
which lisve hM>n dipped in fngrant hot water. 

Amoii(; tlie tmumieii are \(t pi<Htire« by a Cliinase artist repreemi* 
iii(* tlio ksidinK diM-iples of HliakA;a history of Sliaka in 6 volonm 
illiirt)n*4Hl \ty Kano Miii<moliu,A picitite of fhnion Mida by Kasnga 
eikl f<e%fral liiiiiilrftl oIIumt pictiuvA aikl oarvingi^ 

Dftikakaji, ^l**^ celled Saga-nin, on<» of tlie principal tomplos of 
tlie Hliingoii iiect in situaU^I in the village of Ha^L Having bean 
oriirinAlly a loiminer palara of tlie Emperor flsga (Hltu.-rt93)| ba 
rotirf^l here after liin alilicatioru It was transfomieil into a tempto 
in :47C, after his death, 'llie pri«Hit'|trince f^*jakn, a eon of the 
Km]«rnfr Jiinna, wm made the foiindpr ami the preMnt name gives 
t4i tlie ieiiiplr. Rinne tliat time Im|»erial pnn'wa hava held tha 
ofllov of e)>b<it, and tlia three ei-Rinperors fViwa, fineaga, and 
(toikla nuwie this tlietr re«iilenr«e. When in l:li)3 peaee waa da* 
cLiiiwt l#iwern tlie not them aik! Sivitlwn dynasties, tlie Kmparnf 
<>>«kAiiic.sma of tlie Siiithein d>ntst/ lr<mght to this templa tha 
lm|«rial treaaures whieli ha gava overlo Cloknmatan of the NoHham 



line. The temple fonnerly had an inoome of I0l6 hku of rioe, 
while the grounds inoluded an area of 90 acres which have now 
dwhidled to 8. Tlie Imperial Household Depoiimeut still makes 
it an annual grant of 2JJ hoku of rioe. 

Ootaimenjo, A2 ti. by d6 ft, has its screens covered with gold 
leaf. In one of tlie rooms tlie ez-Emperor Qonda was aociifitotned 
to sit in full dress as he attended to aflairs of state. SUindeu lias on 
the gilt screens pictures of flowers tliat are supposed to luive been 
painted by Korin. A room in the eastern enil has an image of Qo 
Daison made hy Kobo Daishi To the east is Qoedo, (50 ft. hy 80ft 
having in tlie center an image of Kobo Daishi with those of the 
Emperors S^ga and Oonda in priestly robes. Still farther east is 
Yasuido which was formerly in the neighborhood of Yasui Kompira 
in the eastern pai-t of Kyoto. It contains imiges of tlie Emperor 
Qomlzunoo, of Fudo and of Knshojin, the latter carved by Ono 
Takainura. Tlie ceiling of Uie hall is in woAugata etyle and beauti- 
fully painted. Kuri at the western end of tlie temple ouclosiu-e 
was formerly a portal of the mansion of Mitsuliide in Vamasaki. 

Among the tieasures the most noted is a saci-ed book copied by 
the Emperor Saga (dlo — 323). 

Nison-ia is ii^ Kami-sa^za village at the foot of Mt Ogiira, 
about \ mile from Seiiyoji. From ancient times it has been noted 
for its maple tiees. On the hill in the rear is a small house called 
Shigure-tei, wliidi is known as the memorial of the poet Fujiwora 
Teika. In the same place the ex-E^iperor Saga during the Jowa 
period (:43-i-8i7) built temples called Nisonkyo-iu and Kwadaiji 
wliich fell into ruin, so remaining until Honen Shoiiin, built in 
their place the temple called Nison-in because of the 2 images of 
SliaJca and Amida that it contained. By the help of the Emperors 
Saga, Kameyama, and Qouda, the temple attained great prosperity. 
The buildings were destroyed during the Ojin War of tlie loth 
century and not restored for nearly 2 JO years. Tlie 25 acres once 

inoluded within tlie grounds aie now reduced to one tuutli of that 
aiea. 

The Hondo, constructed after the model of a Palace building, 
contains two statues of Buddha carved by Kasuga. The tablet hmigs- 
on its front lias an inscription written by the Emperor Qokashi- 
wabara (1501-152G). Daishido, containing the statue of Euko 
Daishi, is on a hill south of Hondo. Kokuseido, also in the same 
direction, is the ancestiul temple of the Takatsukasa family. As 
tlie wife of the Shogun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi belonged to that 
family, her tablet is in the neighboring Amidado. Horeido, on the 



117 

hill \mtk of Hondo, in the anwstnil tomp1« of Um NijiS fftmiljr. A 
nni«d pine tree in mlM Noktbuno.m.U«n. In front of KtnMBoa 
U HAkoren-ehi, or Pond of Hie WliiU Ijotita. 

Amnng 11m treMiuea nr* piatnrM of SluJU| Monjn, and FuQtay 
hy ClioSliikio; one of Monjn hy Clio Denrni; of the BiImb 
IHMnplM ami of Rnlio iHiUilii, ligr Knee-no Kftiuudtt. 

Tenryffjt, aIho oalleil naiki-sun, niiitMed aboni 7Utl fi ncwili ol 
tlie bridge ei Anudiiyama, is one of ilie Ave prindpel templee li^ 
longing to tlie RinsU Innoh of tlie Zen eeot It wmt botlt in 1030 
to ilie m emory of tlie Kinperor Oodeigo hf Asliika^ lUnnji, Mwo 
Knkiwlii being made tlie ftnt abbot. Since tlien moet of tlie bniU- 
inpi liave been bnrned eiglit timet. Tlie leet eonilapalion took 
pla» in 1101 wlien ilie temple was ooenpied bj tlie GliSsliB troopa 
who lied nome to Kjoio in hopes tliat tliej might get eontrol of tlie 
l^alaee and tlie Rinperor. Having failed in tlieir attemp'^ some of 
tlieni witlidrew to Tenr^-uji whitlier the Sitsnms troops were sent 
to attAck tliem. Though moitt of them lisd already taJien to lliglit, 
tlie SU«nma men set tlv temple on Are, vo tliat nearly all tlie 
hiiildingB were biimed. Amttiic ihttfe that remained is tlie ClinkiiFlii- 
mon, or gate used liy th^ ImpnrisI env«i]rs wlu>n Uiey visited tlie 
tcrnpl^, sikl which wan originally in Hitl4»yotiii's |AUne at Momo- 
Tsma in Pii*himi. DAVoml it in s pond with an eitensi^^ grove of 
pine tiee«. RonbnUiijit, Mt fay 4.4 ft. <Utes from tlie l<ipnmng of 
the Kih rrniitry. Tlie |inn?ipil o)>je«t nf wonihip is an imsge of 
Hliska, lisvinj* st it^ sides tluwe of Mnnjn and Ftigen. Ronth-iiesl 
nf tliiM biiililm? ar^ tli^ inmhM of the F.tnperi>rs Ooiugs and Kame- 
yania. Tlie garden of tlte temponry reaiden.'v of tlie alibnt, designed 
fay Mnso Knknshi, has a larps ponrl in tlie center. Tlirongli tlie treee 
nsn be iven the top of Arashi-ysms. The gronnds of tlie*lemple 
lia^e an area of .Xi aiTeii. 

Among tlie treamtres in the Tenryiiji reiMer made of hine-oolored 
esrtlM»nf»sre, a picture of Kwaonon by (Imkiehi, one of dowers and 
birtU W Hrnbnn«hin, etc. 

AtafCO-Tama i* ^l*« li>l»li monntam northwest of Kyoto. On 
the rtisil* leading to it are sni*h n«itft1 pla»s as IJsumasa, Ninn%ji« 
Arsaliixama, Tenrynji, ami Bjiiyiji, which may be visit^ at tlia 
same imie. Jinrtkislias mar fae tiken to wlist is calM the First 
r<>rtal, s ^lr7l sfaoiit hsif a mile l«troniI S^iryciji. Prom tliere to tlie 
ftiiniinit iiisi|i«tinv» of about .t| mileik Tlie rir»i mile of tlie roatl is 
on MiMi of tho fr>ot ItilN kiiitwn s« K'tkornint uks or IWt Hill, unse 
it pi^f tli«» trs%rl4*r an opp.iit.in;t« to »«-• f»lif>ther he !■ hk^ly to !• 
able tn esnsiiil tlie moanlain itself. Hetween tins hill and Ateg^ 



168 

yama is the Tillage of Kiyotaki upon the bonk of a stream having 
tlie same name. There ara two largo teo-hoiiBos called Maiiii-ya and 
Kagi-ya. Tliera folIowR a steep olimb by a tea-houBO called Naka-ya 
on to another called Minaguohi-ya, both liaving ezoelleut views 
of the plain below. Near the summit a flight of stone steps leads to 
the Temple of White Clouds where are enslniued Izanami-no-Mikoto 
and Honomnsubi-no-Mikoto. This temple, whicli was built by the 
jiriest Keishun in 731, is, not withstand lug the steepness of the 
road, much frequented by pilgiims, as is tjstified by the well-known 
song **Seven times to Ise, tliree times to Kumano, but every month 
to Atago-yama." 

Visitors are recommended to return by the road which leads by 
tlie Tsukinowa Temple and the Higiuraslii Waterfall. The temple 
whidi was also founded by Keishun, lias for its chief object of 
worsliip an image of the Eleven-faoed Kwannon. It also contains 
statnes of the priests KOya and Shinran and of a noble named 
Kanezane who was a friend of Shinran. A oheiTy tree before the 
temple ia said to liave shed tears when SUinran left the place. Near 
by is the She-dragon Shrine. A dragon that lived near tlie 
Uigurashi Waterfall used to assume the shape of an old woman 
and come to hear the priest Kuya chant the Buddhist scriptures, but 
through their power it became a holobe or saint. In gratitude it 
caused clear water to issue from a rock as it does to the preseut 
day. The road leading along the stream coming from the Higuroshi 
Fall brings the ti-aveler back to the village of Kiyoiiki. 

Toga-nO-0. This, together with Makino-o end Taka-o, are 
known as " tlie tliree O's " of Kyoto, all being famous for their 
beautiful maple trees. They are situated near each other about 3 
miles north-west from the Sanjo Bridge. By many the Toga-no-o 
is regarded as the most attractive ; though Taka-o is better known. 
A clear stream called Kiyo-taki, or Clear Ciiscade, flows at the bottom 
of a valley tliat has on both sides of it great nmnl)ers of maple ti^ees, 
some of them of gitjat age, which grow so luxuriantly that, when 
the first frost of autiunn touches thoir leaves, the whole 
valley turns crimson. In places the river dashes against the rocks 
until white with foam; and then, suddenly oxpaiuliiig into a hn^tul 
pool, the quiet water becomes a mirror rellecting the beautiful 
scenery of the mountains. 

From beneath the maple branches the ** Bridge of Wliite Clouds " 
extends across the valley towards the Buddhist temple of KOzanji. 
There are two.favorite points from whijh to view the scenery. 
One is readied by going down the bank of the river on the north- 



JUSU t 



U9 

weft Bi«le of Uie liridge no im to me the whole mnnmlsin from beknr. 
Hie oilier it Uie eaiden of Kotfuiji, whence Uieve U a view down 
tlie vAllej. 

Mtki-no-O. Tliin it ntnAted a Utile io ihe ionth.wetl of Ton*. 
iHun. Tliere ie % nnall temple oilleil BMmioji. ThoQ|^ tlim n% 
not to tiiAny nuple treee m ftt Toga^io^ it it » qniai tod 9MxtMi% 

Taka-0. Cootinning io go on from Midd-no-o along the tenk 
of t)ie river iowanb tlie ioQth.weei» a nnall wooden bridge it raeehed. 
On Uie went bank of Uie \allej ihe hilUide ie eo^i«red with maple 
treef. Late in aaiamn, wlien the leavee nhengi their eolor, the 
whole Yftlley lo<Jis at Uiongli dothed in a ri^ hroeada. A Utile 
wej np the iMii^iern Iniik of Uie river it Momijiya, or Maple Honte, 
whidi, tJiongli properly a rentanrant, lenres aleo at a hotel; eo that 
any person no (Ipftiriiif; tiiay In* entertnined for Uie ni|^t and be able 
to we Uie valley by Uie m<vrning lifflit In Uie rear of the hotel 
are luimo unall {mxiliunii wiUi elinmiing view* by whieh tome of 
tlir fine«t niaplea may 1« t««n from aliove. 

Crofi^ing Uie V«-idgc at ilie Ixttiom of tlie valley and dimbtng the 
lone hill on the went bank, one comet io Uie ftroont tem]^ of 
Jingoji. Fotimled I7 Wfi|«e.noJ[iyo-niaro, it wan at firel ealied 
HliiiiRwnnji. |n 'A2C> it wan siven to KuNf Dainlii who elianged Uie 
natiic to tlio ]ironnnt one. Tl»e gronntln (suitain'iig tH aoee liata 
a pret iiiini)«>T of maple treen. In the (emple aie eii imagta 
cer%r<l )r>- KoU> Ptinlii. A ncreen wiUi a laiiilMape drawn by the 
mii« luipf^t i« •itio»f> tlift tinMiirefl of the temple. Tlie famoat 
\au**i M«iii|*iij(u niKv* h\ei] in tlie moiiMtpry celled Norio^bd. In 
tlie \mUivy UOoii^ii^; if> the iomple iii hung one of ihe Uiree heel 
\^)\h in .U|tAn. Formerly tlieie wen tnoUier Irmple called Jiaoin a 
httle to the Koiitliwfiii. Tlifi noenery from Uw Irned platform on the 
l>*«iw (if tlir lull in tlir (>l■IKlr^t to l4> fntind among ihe "^iree Ot.'* 
llie lii|{li |tf<w'.pi<v, Uif> ni(«»-i^«ered rodm keeping out from among 
Um» rriiiviin l-raiirlioii of Uir meplep, trtd Uie cleer monntain ttream 
rmliiiiC tliiott^h tlif> got|e Irlow, uniU* Ui form apleaaang pietnre 
whidi im i*nlit4»iH>l liv the rrowtlii of nM*rr\ .^nekere who are at- 
tie<-tnl III No\c*mliet )iy the feme of ihii )«eutifnl tpot 

Lake Hirotawn 'tttwtMl m Uie «ilUce of Hega, a little north. 
WT'-t of IxntiiMi; tliitiif:li only e)«Hil e mile in nrnimfeieiMv, yM 
eitrarU iimiiv vimtirii h\ Ute )«eui} «vf the piinnnikling ftoeimry, aikl 
Ia Uie furl ilint lleiijn, e fumoiie piMit of okleii time, onee h^ed^n 
itn ^iriiiity. On clear nighti in automn, pe«iple of ten tpand the 



up 

nig^ii there enjoying the bright moon-liglit reflected from the 
■nrfaoe of tlie water. On the bftulu are many ornamental plants aa 
ohexiy, lespedeza, maple, and willow; while the lake itself ahoonds 
in water-fowl and fish. A large and noted Buddhist temple called 
Henjoji, which formerly stood at the liead of the lalce has fallen into 
complete ruin. 

Lake Oiawa '^ ^^ short distance nortli-west of Lalce Hirosawa, 
and near the temple of Saikoknji. Though small, it lias heen well- 
Imown from ancient times and lias been often alluded to in poems. 
In tlie lake is the Kikugasliima, or Island of Clirj'santliemums, 
also known as Tenjin Island from a temple dedicated to Tenjin tlmt 
it contains. Near the island is a famous stone called Teikoseki, 
or Stone of the Oanlen Pond, that was placed thene long ago by Kose- 
no Kanaoka, the renowned artist Along tlie hanks of tlie lake are 
many clieiTy trees, whose blossoms attract visitore in tlie spring. 

Kami-Oamo (Upper Kamo). The proper designation of tliis 

Bliinto temple is Kamo-Wakeikazuclii Jinslia. It is iu Kami-Oamo 

Village on the road leading to Mt. Knrama. It is about 4 miles 

fiom San jo Brid(;e, and 1} miles from the companion shrine of 

Shimo-Oamo. Like tlmt it is of tlie kwanpei rank. Wal^ikazuclii- 

no-Mikoto is the chief deity worshiped. Tlie temple is said to have 

been founded in the same year as that of Shimo-Oamo ; though 

some ascribe it to the time of Jimmu Tenuo. It was at first 

located in Miaieiilio, about a furlong noitli-west of the site of the 

main shrine; but was removed in 677 to itii present position. 

Tliere are two principal huildings, the Ifoiiyu and Qomltn^ which 

were built in I^OU. Eodi is 27 ft. by Uft. with a height of 2A ft. 

Before them is the inner gate where people engage in worship. A 

Uttle lower is a two-storied gate with galleries extending from the 

two sides. In the latter is a picture of a horse-raoe held at the 

temple, and one representing the notewoilliy procession made 

hither in LsOH by tlie Emperor Komei. 

In Adama'a II ti>tory of Japani Vol.1, p 2(i5 la an acconnt nt the event an descrtb- 
•d by a Japanese writer. *'(in Ute *2£tli of Muy lliu Mikado wont, ac<-oniiiani«>d by 
the Khogun, to vlhit the nrlKbliorlnff Hbrinca at rpptr and louar Kamo, ana 
preliminary to lending blx army In perMNi todrivu out tbo rorel;.iiorii. Ibere 
was a numerouM follow iiye of mig. < and ttHimlai; and many oOiclalH dreHxed In the 
cofitume and cnp« aniroprlnte to ibelr ^e^^(^ctivc rnnkH, riding on gaily-caparlson- 
ed ItorhCK. 'J hey kurrounded the phor-nix rar on all bides, fefeveral hmtdrcd 
matchlock men prect^ed and bruuKht up the rear of the pmcesbion, and all along 
tlie mad retainers In hemiien dre>BM><i of ceremony, guarded the paviAtfe. 'Ihe 
people of the neighboring villatfes and diHtrlctn i-ame i ucklm; In to adore tlu> 
lni|>erial proi^reios old and young of both Nfxes and of all conditions collected In 
the shingly betl of the river Kamo, and, pru(»trotlng theninelvmi In the road, 
wor 8hlped \v 1th gratitude and tears of Joy, and, clapping their htinds goxed rev- 
erently on the processton," 



101 

TIm imull itraftm Won iU« iwo-ttoricd gMe U dklW Omoi- 

gftwm. Ham m« wmImcI ilie nartd vteoitU and alto Iht rios omJ 

for ilie (Utly oOvinga. On the neti tide of Um nuin bulUing it 

ADoilMT KtrHUQ mllad MiUnulii-gawA; ilie lvo,efl9r miUiiig, being 

known m NArano-ogewa. Befoie woreliiping, the people wmU tliefar 

heniN Aitil moiiilu in ih'iB wAier. Tlie gronnli ol ilie ieoiple 

inrv over :lu AcrM, of whioli elmni 2 J ecree ere woocM, end 9| 

e«3«p are ooonpied by e gnMe-ploi at wlioiie aide are man/ olienQr-treee 

titat ai'raci orowdi of viRiton wlien in bloom. There are ifreniy-lvo 

aeosMory ■UriiiMi. To ilie eaxi of ilie mjiin nlirine ia a email hillookt 

called KaUyama,, CO vexed wiili axaleM.whioh bloeaoai in Jitsf, On 

ilw lutli of iliat month tliia temple joLna wiili ita eompenion in 

ob'enring tlie Aoi FeRtiYal. i)n Jnne Cih iliere aie hurae nieei| the 

ridpra being d r eawed in antique etyle. On July Id ilievi ie Aofwn 
dancing. 

MaUugatliki i* * ^illai^e at tlie foot of a rangB of low liiUa 
norili fif Kyoifv On tlie hill east of the Yilbge aie two lemplea 
oallnil IIoiiAhoJi iuid Mv«i«enji, lieloiiging to ilie Nioliiien aeaA. On 
tlw night of the iGtli (if AtiguRt tlie pe(i|>1e of the village gather in 
front of the iornpliH wliern they danv, kiting time to their 
rf^polition nf th<* |ira\-er iimnI by tlieir Rort, " A'fim-my •A>-rf i^-fcyT.** 
On the Miino night fires in the »hape of ilie Chinese eliataden 
for "Mvnhi" aif limit on the hill l«uk of tlie iomplea. Tlie Uglii 
can lip »enn from tlie city. 

Mizoro-no-ike *' ^ if^nil «itiiAi^ Mouth of tlie village of 
IlaUciU. It iii the large«t in the neigh liorhootl, being o%cr a mile 
in rirrtttiifereiioe: aikl a>«nii!hh in j'un%u, a plant growing in ilie 
wairr nhich i« nniHi e*^te<*rneil a» a ftwvl. On tlie rhnte of tlie pond 
i« a RtnAll Rhiine of Jird which wan Iniilt by the piie»t Saiko in ilie 
Line of Kiyomori (i2tii opiitury). 

Ylishio Hill i* n'lith of Hane llarhiman Temple whtcJi i« north 
of M«%t5Mpuuiki. It« iLinie in deiiveil fiom the Ivigl it coloring of 
niApIr* thftt oii'Y pewtheieabiiniUntly,thongh at ivpeent fewof tliem 
aie left. Nmth^^t of the hill in IlVi Valley, «n mlWI l«0aiM« 
tlu* p«i«'t, Fi*j4»ara Kiiit'i, tlirie eomposed tlie biMtk iliai ie entitled 
Wakan r>>ri *liii. 

The Tombf of Ono-no Komnchi nndFakt knstShotho 

aie in the pani^n of Fiklarakuji, a temple in Irhihara,a htilenow 
than a nulr nfnth«<aft of Ilntanla. (Mnt-no Komarhi waa a famoua 
Iraiity ark I pirt of okien time. A ni»Metitan, namfti Fukakiian 
Bho^lio, who nought her loie ralh^l n|w»n lier fiw ntnty.nine nighta 
in aQcn9>ion ; but lie died juai befoM making tlie one hnndmllh viail 



16S 

whidh be had been aaBured would be rewarded 1^ her consent 
Images of the two lovers are preserved in tlie temple. 

Fnne-no Oknribi. Just after dark on the night of tlie I6ih 
of Angost, and at the same time that the fires of Daimonji are 
lighted, the hill behind the temple of Bhodenji in the village of 
NishiJouno presents a beautiful appearance. On tlie side of the 
hill there are exoavations wliioh form the outUne of a hoat Thm 
have been filled with brush-wood which is now lighted so that the 
form of tlie boat appears in lines of fire. 

The Shodenji Temple whidi belongs to the Zen sect, is not laiige; 
but its garden, as well as tlie hill beyond, has many maple trees 
whidh cause the spot to be much frequented in the autumn. ' 

Daitaixailt f^^o called Of use, is a high mountain at the northern 
extremity of the province of Yamashiro, and nearly 25 miles distant 
from Kyoto. A temple called Hojoji, belonging to the Tendai seot, 
was built in 1154 by Kiyomori. Half way up the stone steps lead- 
ing from the first portal to the main building is a Btoiie monument 
whidh mai'ks the family tomb of the priest SUunkwaa (See the 
description of Dangogatani.) After his exile, liis family escaped to 
this mountain where they concealed themselves in a place called 
Nuraeridani. The laiige trees growing near this monument inter- 
mingle their branches so that underneath them the middle of the 
day seems like twiliglit. 

Tlie mountain has many peculiar stones. Tliat known as the 

Milk Stone is in the valley about a mile noiih of the temple. It 
is smooth on the top, but underneath are fourteen small projections 
from each of which is said to exude a liquid that is supposed to 
possess medicinal qualities. 

The Takiya Waterfalls, two in number are in the village of 
Kuda, east of Daihizan. Each is about 50ft. high and JOft wide. 
The water fTtM into tlie Kuda River which flows into the province 
of Tamba. 

In the same village are three stone caves of consideiable size, 
whidi, from tlieir shape, seem to be remains of the ancient cave- 
dwellers. 

Mt. Knrama, one of the most famous mountains in tlie 
vicinity of Kyoto, is 7} miles noith of San jo Bridge. The name, 
whidi means ** Saddled horse," is said by troditious to have boon 
given from the fact that the Emperor Temmu (673 — 030), when 
defeated in battle by Prince Otomo, retreated to this mountain at 
whose lase he left the saddled horse on which he had ridden. Tlie 
mountain abounds in old evei'green trees among which tlie sugi, or 



iti 



oyplonwriA, in mnti prmninent It alio fnmidMi many 
irmIi m m« qmI for th« •dommtitl of paimM, and vlial is knowB 
M **Kmmiiift ehmeoAl ** is prodnotd bcrt. 

Tliert it sn old Dnddhisl itmpis eallsd glioU-mD Kuanii^Matlaal 
wms fonnded in 707 hy Pnjiwsim iMla The jnamA hnildli^ mimm 
llinliiiinoii in wmnliiped, wms sradad in 1871. AboalA milt lo 111* 
left of t)i« tempW in a gigantio erjrptomeria oallad Iha ^wmM^ 
Bngi" wlticli ia lufnio aed to ba inliabitad by an imaginaiy awaliua 
witii a lonR note and two wingi oalled a lea^ A stona eloaa bgr ia 
<mlM "Yodiitaane't Heiglitoomparii^^ Stona.** In a thick p9f% a 
•hoit diiiUnee below tlie tree, ia a amall slirina whcia Mao Daiaojo 
ia woreliiped. Aoeording to tlie popalar laptnd it waa hara thai 
Dainoju, the cliief of tlie fea^v imtnielftl Yoeliiteane in the art of 
fenetiig. A mad on Uie rigliVliand aide of tlia ahrina laada to tha 
tam|tle Kihnne. 

Miiuunotn Yonliitimnf, who in Iiia yoatlifnl daya waa eallad 
llfiliiwtka, or Ynniif; Oi, waa a aon of Yoeliitomo, tlia wanior who, 
aflfT beiiic (lofeAtf^ by Kiyomori was treaclwroasly slain in Owari. 
^Hee the liUtoricsl iJwirh of Kyoto.) He was born in 1160, tha 
mnu* yrM in which hi* Isitier died. After the defeat of the Mina* 
nifiio clsn, hi« mnttier, Tokiwa, who wan Ynsliitnmo*e oonenbine, 
flfd froin hn eneiniea, holding the young bal« in her arms while 
)m^ two othot nons, one eltnging to his moUicr'e liand and the 
(ithci mriying hit fsther'a aworil, plwkleil tliroogh tlie enow 
with whirh the ground was ooTered. Tliia flight of Tokiwa 
stkl hrr rhikh^ti if often depicffd I7 artiats. Kiyomori, 
dr«iroiiii of ntmninsting tlie Minamoto family, and niw 
shl<> to (huroxer Tnkiwa'a hiding placv, aeii^d her rootlter whom 
1k> )tt>nght tit Ky<'it4t. Tokiwa, knowing thst tlie anrrender of tlie 
rhikh^n wonltl Iw* srorptisl sa a rsHKnin f(V tlie motlier, heaitatad 
l>rtw<>ri) tW rlsiniR of nisirmsl ami fihsl h»ve. Hlie Anally reaolvad 
to pi to Kyito, iKvjnitg that \n hrr plcikhng the lieait of Kiyomori 
nii(;lit 1«« 1<>«I to M'U>nt. Thr tyrant wsa ao impreaai^ by her beaoty 
that hr de«iit<«l t* niak^ h«*r hi« conmhine. Thnngh at flrvt lefoaing 
to>i«-ld to hiK wialicp, kIm* fiiisny n invented on cvindition that tlia 
Mwn of lii^r rhikhvn ftlniiiki >« apsrnl. KiTttmori, in assenting tn 
thi«, in«i»t*^l that all thrw of tlie 1k«>ii all oukl 1« trained for tlia 
|inr*thoiHl, hofuti;* in tliia way that tlunr would be ke|it from 
i^fonr.iir th«Mr fathi»r'« a\engi>ni. Afv<irdingiy, when To^liitsuns 
wa» 1 1 >i'af> (»l(l, he wsa n^nt t«» ih<» li>m|tU» at Knmma. It wsa al 
till* tirtii* tliat h4« fir^t kiarmsl hia hi»t«vry ainlknew tliat lia liad been 
li%iii^ 111 Uie houae of hia fatlier's gitat enemy. Ha thenforo 



lllIjl^.L...llJg— J" 



m 

detenniued tliat he would never euter tlie pi-iefttliood; but tbiit on 
attaining manhood he would avenge tlie wrongs whioh his family 
had suiTered. Though he fttudied the required books during the day 
lie slipped away from the temple every night to ptustioe with his 
swoidB. It was at this time that tlie taujti is said to liave taught 
him many tricks in fenoing whose practice in after yeai-s enable! 
him to attain great renown as a swordsman. At tlie age of 16 
he was able, through tlie aid of an iron meroliant who was 
among the worsliipers at tlie temple, to escape to tlie distant province 
of Mutsu where he was welcomed ly a powei-f ul noble and friend of 
his family. Six years later his brotlier Yoritomo rose in tlie 
province of Sagami against the Taira family. In the first battle he 
vras defeased and boi'ely escaped being taken prisoner. Yosliitsiuio 
now liastened to his In-otlior's aid, as did many of the old retainers 
of tlie family who liad been hiding in different jtlaces. Tlie large 
force sent against them by Kiyomori was so completely defeated that 
Yoritomo at once gained pos^eHsion of the eight uabtuni provinces. 
About the same time Yoshiuaka, another of the Minamoto 
family rose against the house of Taira and drove it from the capital. 
His victory was so brilliant and his power so iiresistible tliat he 
was called ''Geuentl of the Rising Sun." He, however, became so 
jealous of his superior, Yoritomo, tliat the latter was finally obliged 
to send Yosliitsune against him. A battle was fought in the 
province of Ojni where Yoshinaka fell and liis army was disbanded, 
wliile Yosliitsune, having entered Kyoto, diracted his eiieigies 
against ilie Taira soldiers in the western provinces. These he defeated 
in battle after battle until finally at Dau-iio-ura, near Shimonosoki 
tliey were almost entirely annihilated. Yosliitsune letuniod in 
triumph to await fuiHier orders from Yoritomo. Tlie latter, how- 
ever, had become jealous of his younger biotlier whom he treated 
witli great coldness. Benkei, the faithful vassal of Yosliitsune (See 
his story in connection with the description of the Bridges of 
Kyoto), interceded in vain for his master, and Yosliitsune again 
witlidrew to Mutsu. His foimer protector died soon after his ar. 
rival and the person who succeeded to the headship of the family 
showed but little friendliness. Yosliitsune was slain in a night 
attack; and his head, piosorvod in fuJce^ was sent to the brother whom 
he had raised to tlio height of power. Acuoidiiig to anotlior 
tradition, Yosliitsune with Benkei and a few other faithful vassals 
l!ed to Yezo, where he is still worsliiped by the Ainos. Soma believe 
tliat he escaped to Manchuria where he became known as tlie 
famous Tartar warrior Genghis Khan. 



Bodai Waterfall. Tliie » in ttie Nalnko Valley Abcmll) 
mi leu norili-weti of Takiigiunine Hill in (Hagi County; and oo Iha 
WUmnd fiida of tlie roiwL II i* lu ft bigli ta^noiimy wida. 
TIm) lUrk RTorni taIq in wliidi it it tiinateil AfToidi a ptoiMnt latrtAl 
from ili« mmuiier** imn. 

Kibnno Jintha. * MnUi lampto of intmnaliale i—iiiwrf 
gnute, in niitiftled nwl of Mi Knnunft, and ddU«alad lo Miso-ao- 
Kami and Mitsiniame-no.Kaml Piajen to UiaM dBitisa an «dd lo 
be efnoadom in Moaring lain or iU esoation. The leoiple boiUingi 
are diTided inio two gronpii known aa flliimo Taahiro ( Lu— Tem- 
ple) and Okn-no Yaahiro (Inner Temple). Theaeare a little lev 
timn luUf a mile apart. The Inner Temple ia in a qniel and eool 
ivtreal formal fay a grote of aged eedar and ifenee teeee. Near }j 
in Ama.no>|wafnnf», or Heatenly Sione Boat, whidi ie a momd, ift 
litgh and 12 ft long, made of utonee piled np in the shape of a 
biriit. A fttivam called Mttaraiilii flown along Uie eaatern bolder of 
tiie mtiii temple. 

Yamabana ^" * pirtuiiwqne little Yillage on Die eaal tide of Uie 
Ttkann Rirer, 84 milee from flanjTi Bridge. At tlie inne and lea- 
lioitM« m fvrvfd a dinli, prciiliar in tliiii tillage, ealled wej^ienifci' 
Inmm, It in prrpved from btiiled barW and an edible root ealled 
yint.a-imo^ m mnnnUiu potAto. Tlie potatoee are nibbed againel 
tli^ fnnowol nitfaMi nf an enitlien.ware bi>wl aikl then atirred witli a 
lerpn wfwwfrn |i#^tk». It in M»aiM»nMl with loy and ponreil mer Uie 
1^1 Wiv, niAkiiig a iiotiriehiiig food tliat ie mndi reliehed hf Ihe 
JeiAnrar. 

Yase, * ■>maU vilUf:^ at the fool of Mt Htei ie about 8 milee 
nnrtli of tli«* Iinprrial villa in tlie Tillaf^e of Stiagaknji. Ilere Aa^at 
may \^ olit.i>iw>l foi attcemlini* tlie mountain. Tlie women of Yaae 
antl OliaxA, a viIIm(7> ttill fartlior north, have the eiwtom of earrying 
heavy liiAih >tti tlii»ir heed*. Tliey cnim* to Kyoto elad in ehort 
cbeifi^M of dark lilue 'Nttton Hoth, ami white mitime and leQpnge, 
linticitig Uf|il«»r«, {ir^tliw, vtixhl, .tr. which tliey eirliange for tanooi 
maiiiifa<-t«n««l a)tirlr«. An onliuary li«<l for tliete women ie 190 to 
1.10 iwitittilv, Aini It i« iAu\ that tliey Munetimee carry 176 pounde in 

till* Wftv i:|Kin tlie liMlfl 

In front of the Tenjiii temple m wliat i« oalh^ Henkei'e Height. 
rfmi|Ann(; Stoiie. It i« aUmt Hft high aikl t« eakl to liave been 
iToti^-lit from «ittt« of tli<» iViiiplm nn Mt. lliei I7 llenkei. ^lee dee- 
crii»t.*>tix of Mt. Ilioi aihl of (tojo HmlfT. 1 

Kitaahirakawa. ^ •'^all village eitiiaiAl a little north of 
(tiukakiiji iM iniicli oelelaated in poetry. From olden timee lilsefy 



166 

men luiA-e frequented this piotnresqne spot A small stream of oleor 
water, called Shirakawa runs tlirougli Uie Tillage. On the bank of 
tlie riyer is the Bull Stone so oalled from its resemblance to the 
shape of that aniuiaL It is said that, when some one once tried 
to out tliis stone, blood issued forth ; and no one has since ventured 
to toudi it. About 8 miles to tlie east is Uie mountain pass of 
Yainanaka, whicli commands a fine view of Lake>]iiwa and where 
the sound of tlie bell of Miidera in 5tsu is clearly heard in the soft 
evening air. 

Bashoan at Blimpnknji, A little north of Kitashizskawa is 
a small village called Bugskuji wliioli contains the temple Kim- 
pukuji. In one of tlie buildings connected with tlie temple tlie 
poet Basho resided for a time. 

Shisendo ^b famous from having been the home of the noted 
poet and sdiolar, Iithikawa Juzaii. Tlie house in which lie resided 
is a small two-storied building in tlie midiit of a lai-ge banilioo grove 
in the village of Idiijoji, which is north of Uugnkuji. Oonnoctod 
witli the house is a tastefully arranged garden where a mouutaiii 
stream falling over a large rock forms a pond in which are many 
gold-fisli and carp. The iuteiior walls of the house are decorated 
with paintings by Kano Masanobu representing 86 poets of Japan 
and tlie same number of Chinese poets. Over eadi portrait Jozan 
himself wrote some verse of the poet represented. The tomb of 
Jozan is on the hill to the south-east of the building. 

Manjuin ^ a temple in Icliijoji of the village of Shugakuiu at 
tlie south-western base of Mt Hiei; its founder being Denkyo 
Daishi. It was formerly on Mt Hiei whence it was removed by 
IMnce Yoshitska in 1G56. Since tlie time of the famous abbot 
Jiun, the holders of that office have possessed the title viomekL The 
pictures on the screens were painted by Kaiio Tanyu and Kano 
Eitoku. In the rear of the temple are tlie trees and the slope of the 
mountain while towards the south-west there is an ezteiiHive and 
interesting view. Witliin the grounds are small shrines of Benzaiton 
and Temmangu. The beautiful garden was planned by Kobori 
Ensliu. 

ShSg^akuin Bikyu. This is a Summer Palace at the base of 
Mt Hiei, about 3 J miles from Saujo Bridge. It was planned by 
Tokugawa lyetsuna under the imperial order of Emperor 
Oomizunoo (1612-1629). 

The Palace consists of tliree distinct groups of buildings scattered 
among the rice-fields belonging to the Imperial Household. 
Though tlie buildings are very small, tlie Palace is worty of a visit 



hdetuum of Um refliied ityle of ftrefaiteeiiuw and th* bttoty of Um 

WiniUvn are ftnt MbniUed to tlw 8hiino.iio-rik9rfl, or Low Maot. 
It is alM> called Odiaja (Hononbto TeaJuniaa), m tha MUiii:! ia 
oonetmeiod in ilia eonTantional algrla of hoiwa need for catamoaial 
loa^nking. A* iliare are many ebariy and mapla Iraaa ia itia 
gttvlrn itUefipeeiallylcanlifntin llie ii|rinf anil aniomn. A lanlam 
near a Widge i* made of atona from Corea and U called Bodpfata 
Tore (Bleere-eliaped Lantera)L Tlia Kikn-mai-aald (OlifTaaiitliajmiai 
Blone'^ in alio fainona. 

TIm Nakano Rik}« (Middle Palace) haa reeeally bean made a 
l«ri of tlie Palace by dividing it from Rinkgrfifiy • tampla on the 
Mmt Tlien* are two bnildinga fadng tlia eontk In ooa ia an old 
IHfltnre of a oliony tioe dmwii I17 Kann TknalUii. A noted pUiiira of 
mw of Uie omamentMl care uieil at tlie Oion feetivali is paialad on 
Uii» df>or of tlw otlior bailding. On anoilier door is a famooa 
picture by Siuniyoahi Oukei repreeentiug a carp trying toeeeape from 
e net It in aaid tliat thin carp aiied to jump oat from ite ptoee into 
tlM> purden |K>nd in onl^r to get ttii food, and the net wae drawn 
aroumi it to hrrak it from tliin tronhkNiome liafait WortJiy of 
noti«-e are tlie faii«*y vliehm in tlie noiitli west room, also tha 
cluiiwiiiiie ifu/i-XiiVH^i ((lM*oTatinin to conceal tlia haade of naile). 

Tlie Kfttiii-no Hik\n (Upper l*alaee) oonipice tlia liigliaet pound. 
Ite garden in the niofit eitciuiTe and l«aittiful of tlia tlirae. A 
Iniikling <»\\M Riniiiit^i Riaiiibi in a prominent place commanding 
a wid^anil pii*ttu«Mt'iiie view. Tlie moiinUine of Kiiramt, Atego, and 
ArAii1ii>ania, tfigpthrr with tliftue of tlie provinnee of Bettan and 
Kawmchi, make the lHiuiiiUri(»t of theiuvne; while tra terming tlia 
wide plain in neen the Kamn River with tlie eity of Kyuto epread 
out (lom both itji bank*, llehind llinnn-tai tliere rieea a thickly 
WfVfhlrd «lo|ie, while to tlie noith-eaet it the noble peak ef Ml Hiai. 
A iihnit <li»tJirMie from the building in a unall waterfall called Cklaki 
from whirh tlie fdream flow* into a pcvnd in tlie eantar of tlia yuilea. 
line the Mikyo or Maple Ilridge laaib to a email iakad 
which in cfMiiiected with a necoiid liy tlie (liitnea llaelii, or Rnjga of 
a 'Hioti^eiiil yearp, a rnriofin etriirtme maile of ktfitki (Planeea 
Jap«inira^ ami rmifeiL A bronie flgine of a bin! called WwrA.7 b 
plftniNl on the r(M>f for dec«iratton, while Ironie dowere callad 
mar/;rf'u«i, whirh Are edi»riimrnt< l«l<>ii4;in|{ t<» tlie rail of tlie 
liriflK** hA%c \tH*n Uken awjiy t«i |iTe%cnt th^ir l^'tng *t-tlen. Tha 
Irtiiltltn; »( thi« litiiL:e c^i«t ntie man hii life. It wan Cim«trncied 
Igr Miiuiio-RchnaniuvKami and Naili>-Kii-no-Kami aa a gift to tha 



168 

Emperor Kokakn (1780-1816). The anger of tlie Shogun being 
aroused becauBe they failed to ask his permission lief ore presenfiug 
it, Naito was compelled to commit suicide by harakirU A pine tree 
near the boridge is named Saugwan-no-maisu ; while tlie low pines 
along the west bank of the pond were ti:ansplanted from the 
celebrated pine forest on the beach of Maiko a few miles west uf 
Kobe. 

Hiei-zaili or Mt Hiei, north-west of Kyoto, attains a height of 
27uu ft. above Uie level of the sea The usual ways of reaching it 
from Kyoto are by tlie Shhakawa Valley, by a road that ascends 
from the neighborhood of tlie Shugakuin Summer Palace, or by 
way of Yase. £^li involves some steep climbing. The Shirakawa 
route passes near some granite quarries and for a part of the way 
commands beautiful views of Lake Biwa. Tlie second road is the 
steepest and there are usually no hayo at Shugakuin for those who 
wish to ride. Jinrikislias requu^e about an hoiir from Kyoto 
to Yase where Kayo can bo obtained. lu returning one can go 
down the other side of the mountain to Sikamoto on the shores 
of Lake Biwa, and thence liy jinrikislia to Htsu. Formerly no 
women wera allowed to ascend the mountain and it is not many 
yeai's since stones could be seen beside the roads insci'ibed with the 
warning tliat they should go no f ui-ther. 

The mountain is rich in traditions and historical associations. 
When the Encperor Kwammu founded Kyoto he commanded a tem- 
ple to be built there in oixler that it might protect the new city from 
tlie maUgn influences that were supposed to como from the Demon's 
Gate, as the north-east point of the compass was called. The 
temple was allowed to take tlie name Enryaku wliijh was that of the 
current year-period. Tlie celebrated priest Saicho, otherwise 
known as Denkyo Daislii, was the founder and the first abbot. He 
was a native of the province of Omi, who fiom early years showed 
great zeal for study. Some years after establishing the Great 
Central Hall (Kompon Chudo) of tlie temple he went by Em^xiror 
Kwammu's order for study in China from wheuue he returned with 
the doctrines of the Tendai sect of which he became tlie Jaimnose 
founder. Successive Emperors became firm adherents of this sect 
and made this temple the first in tlie land, establishing the so-called 
Tliree Towers at whose heads they placed princes of the blood. 

The slopes and valleys of tlie mountain became filled with temples 
and monasteries; until there were said to be 3000 of them, though 
this is doubtless speaking only in round numbers and somewliat 
extravagantly. Here were trained many of tlie most noted priests 



of Jft|«n. Among tb«tn wm% Bnkd Daithi, foonte of Iht JoA 

Bsci; Hhinnin Slionin, fcmndnr of Um Shin liel ; and Nkliina vho 

fotiinted t)i« necA known bgr hit BMMi 

Ttie prieniii oimIb ilif«ir iiifliMBQt UH not only la rtlifloai 

tnfttt«rfi hiii alito in poliiioi and wtr. TIm ** HitUay of Hkm Wmfkn 

of J«|iiin** eompiloA nndor tlie dirtelioa of the DopMimnl of 

Edaodion, for nM At tlie ColnmbiAn Eipotition in diioifo, that 

•pMkii of Uifin : — 

**!! mmumi Um RnryAlmJt ttwt Uw cmImi hwl Hnwttln t iiplt j l — mniltff 
fnrrM tii prated Boddhlmn. TlM>f«, fw dw tttm time, pritili w«ff« twlati In tti 
•rl»or««r. Ihmm taowMal w»ldlw» wrr» iall»< W pIii I . Tbt p f toclpl » tf m a lm 
teltiltv thr m «m wkvUd al iMny t«mH«a. tMil mwlwff* 4M tlH HbImI tsMMI 
MKk trnml«nr« m In Uw omm •< VjttjmkwJU. Whm tha l^vi Hlfli Abkal«r • 
trmpl*' « M sfifnlnlCMl, || ntm llw ciwlim Ottl Um |y l iwi» •€ Om iMHfl*. If ttaif 
•4*jrr|«d ttt iiie aH"***<tNHnil, or If. Mil«N|iieNll]r. thmf ImI rmmm M impftolnl 
««mltii4 til« mliiMivtInn. ahnnM ii|i|«il %• IHr lM|«f1«l IWiift fnr M« fi w r»l. Oa 
Mirli nrmnlat* II IvHiiiiHt IhiMIumI fnr tht cintii|4aliwnti I* w%mr mtmm mud mmf 
horn tunitpmr m\»m Itn^jr HbmlUiHl thrlr grlt«MM«>. TWjr 414 Ml Artok « rf« 
f rmn ntUrklnx Uw rr^.ilriM e •# thr trmmmimiu. lUtrlns Uw if Ign •€ Sli|f»l««A. 
tlii> inllltar) |>rl««t«. r«l.vlnff «m Um Hnrerrl«n'«i iMirk«4 4*««4lan I* tiMir rr.-«4, 
6^ r|r5«<il Mit h Ia w lii«i |iiit«^iri«lfftce that ««i inorv Own otw >rrMl— Uwjr «■!■*• 
•<l K)Ain In inrtitilrtit forrr. dmffyltnr wlih tlieni UMtfttrr«4 mnni IIM. KHmm^ 
«r«fl an forlli. 11il« r*i«iilii<« (-»t«*r«l IIm* Kmiirmr ffTBv«*anilHr. Ii«t b* af^MirBl* 
hat r l»«n until 'Ir to flirrk It. « m «mi# nr(»«l««i. laittMitlnff Um ■rl4tfBry n wal m t 
nf Utr niiiMlit*«*, Iw »mM 'TWrv %tf Inrt thn*^ *liln«^ In ni> &nmtt^lfmt» Owl 4* Mi 
Al^i me it»r «iAl<»r«'»riW Kftitto Klver. ihc dirr nl Hns*fntkn pitkjen, mixd llw 
fKln«<ii Iff tiifMI*!' Hiwll) th« M*«»r*l«m VIM flrlvm fn h«vlU> lb* MInaaMis 
ilnni'i •If^rnitl lilfii iimli«4 Um n*l«ll|t«ia |*nw e««l|ngii t^ Um firlrwlik AmI trmti 
tint UMif>«tntf« KM i>ni *tt ftt»iAm lin(«e«4i Um Mlovrf« *t€ nrilcton amI mt ttt 
••(iffl " 

111 tlic liUioriml Rk«lrli of Kyoto in^ition «•« nuKle of Kim. 

nfJii MaKMliigc'ii ooeiipatton of tlie mnunUin. Tho followinf it 

on^ of the tnMliliont of IliAt time. 

()t4cr«t«i/l lirmglTmitn tiM imal »il4lef«Miil tlMlrivtaady aJII— ■■H<ft4 
an^nv Um Mttifti^tt Ump^9• tlait llMjr alMMild Im trt^y lo allj fprlli !• b»tll« 
• lMffM«rrtlM irrmt b»ll AraiM g%9if |lw Nfivil. <»n« in<<hil«M IIm ■— w4 fW 
wHlrh tiMv ImmI iMvn wiilUnft ••« h*»f4 TKrrt «•• a <|**1 Hi ***!■'•>•• tM tlw 
fVMniv «ftar<Mtt«(l UiUm firrr* aMault. mmnc* !• «i]r. Im« vv^r. nana af Om 
frfMrml«ki«p« wholHMl c-ni'nandc^l tha Blfnal In Im tl***i» a>^ *** ^'WO «Bnl4 
be ftMinit «tvt «rHil<l ftrlciMiwlt«lff«^ lM«lncMmrk Um Im|1 In mmm wajr II wtm 
fmmA **'ti tlmX Um • IH m««ik»]r«. wirh M Ptpn nnm «r* MM WMViMNMn ■!■• 
thr »K«t«it«ln. }m\ In tiMir rn>l|r« swanf Imrk «ii4 fnrUi Uw iMnni wHb vMrb 
thtWIi •ftflWtlleri. I ittlr ktM»«lii< hnw Um hl*lrTy «tf Jafmn wm brtng nrrar««4 
b« llMir art. It !• naWI m U In rvmembmnra «»f Iblfl •▼««l tbal HMnkaya art k«fl 
Im Um Wmpl* a »%kamaCft at Um aa^lfvn Ivar af tb* nvMnrfaln. 

'Dm nifwt tragic e%^nt id Um liisUiv of Uie moaotein oocmirtd 

in U»7 1. T1i« i«ru«ta liad incurrfd tlie IiaIiwI of Nolnmfi hy tho 

ai«l nliirh t1)«»y r«nil(*i4kl io hit enemiraL It ia alao Mid that on* of 

tlipiii liiul atirni|tii'd to aawji a mMg him. He tlierf fore d ile iim tted 

upon tlioii iWtnif'tion. 

"In Um« MiMi. .n.«itii l*.:i. «f«UM NIbnt final Pdtl. ba ttMmiwffMi at 
a«4evr«l hi* i««rfml« v* Mi lltoinn an f tr». Iln gcNVfttl*. ii i pilaai el Uw < 



WHMri& 



170 

lost flonntenanGO, ami oxhortoil him noi to do it, Myiiig, 'Mliico Kwaininu Ttninff 
biillt tlitM iiioiuiHtury, iM»rly A tlMHiiiatKl yuant ago, It Imim liceii (Mteeuird tbe iiiOMt 
vltfUaiit amUnit tlM devtl. Nu oii« luw yet dared to Injure tlitfMO tuinplui; but novr, 
do you tiiteml to do no r How can it be jXMelble T Tu tbln NnlMUKitfa anmrered: 
*I have pat down the tbiev ■ against the EmfierQir; why do you hinder lue tbiw* I 
Intend to tranqullice the whole laiKl, and revive tlie declining power of the Im- 
perial Govenimtnt #*■»«** My allowing the prieiits to remain on this 
mountain waa In order that I might destroy them. I once diapatclied a menenger 
to the prleeta,aiKl eet befori* tliem liapplueiw and mimry. 'llie bunxoM iiovur olMtyod 
my word, but MtuiitlyaiMiMted the wicked fullowN, and m> rtMlatitd tlw Imperial 
army. Does tlilM act not make thorn {Kokuauku) oountry-thlovoe ? If 1 do not 
now take tliem away, thl« great trouble will continue forever. Moreover. I 
Itave heard tliat the priests violate their own ruleii; they eat fish and stinking 
vegetables < the five odorous plants prohibited by Buddhism— common and wild 
loek, garlic, onions, scalllons*, keep ooncubineii, and roll up the sacred books 
(n^ver untie tlieni lo read them or pray). How can they be vigilant airainst evil, 
or preserve Justice.' Then surround their dwellings, burn them down, suffer 
no one to live.' Tlie generals, incited by the speech of their commander, agreed. 
On the next day an awful scene of butchery and oonfiagfatlon ensued. The 
soldiers set fire to the great sluines and temples; and while the stately edifices 
were in flames, pll(>d sword, lance, and arrow. None were poriulttcd to escaiw. 
>Vitliout dlscTliiilnutlon of auuor sex, the toiillilesH dntard, abUjt, and btNiKe. 
uiald-servant and concubine aiMl children were sfjearvd or cut down without 
me rcy." ( Tfie AlUw/o't kSnpirt). 

Under Hideyoshi tlie temples revived; and, with the establisliment 
of peace by the Tokiigawa Shoguns, they were onoe more placed 
under government protection. They never, however, attained to 
anything like their old prosperity, and Rince tlie overthrow of the 
Shogunate tliey have greatly deteriorated. One who wanders over 
the many paths tliat travei'se the mountain will often find some old 
building fast going to decay, or a heap of inibbish showing wliere 
one has fallen, wliile all over the mountain are stone walls and 
terraces tliat show where temples and monasteries once stood. A 
few of the edifices are still kept in repair. From them one can 
judge something of the ancient glories of the mountain. Kompon 
Cliudo is one of tlie oldest and renowned temples of the country. 
It contains many old records, pictures, and other ti^easures. 

Benkei, of whom an account was given in connection with the 
description of Gojo Bridge, spent considerable time on Mt. Hiei, one 
part being still known as Benkei's Yaahiki A spring of water, that 
he is said to have used for a bath, is called by his name. Kiyomori 
is also said to have batlied there while sufTeiing f rom a fever. On the 
side of the mountain between the two highest peaks is a long fuiTow- 
hke depression which tradition says was made by the bell that Benkei 
brought from Miidera (see description of that temple). 

The highest point of the mountain is called Shimei-ga-take, 
or tlie Peak Open on Four Sides. From it there is obtained one of 
the most beautiful views in Japan. 

The descent may be made on the eastern side of the mountain 



171 

to Mounolo, wfam jinrildUiM mn bt obttiaid far Olio. Tbtfoid 
pMRM by Um old piiM tA KmimU. 

Sansen-illt * tmipto of tho Tondai moI and alio oAlWd Qyo-ita 
iifiiiuiMintlMTniagBofOlyn, About 11 milMfrom BuiJI Bridfi. 
If wMi formerly in ilia iioutlram ^vale of Todd oo Mi Hiai whm9 H 
Mnreil M A tiimporArf renidenae for IMnkjS Dftliihi wlillt 1m «m 
im|i«nnt«ndiiig ilia •rwUon of Uie famous KompoivChMSi In 
H4Ki Um priMti Joim built a (ample in Utis plaoa and baoama Iti tnA 
abbot In tha beginning ol tlia 12th eentoiy tha aaaood aon of tha 
Emperor Horikawa praeiiled over tliia tamplai io that tha oAaa wm 
tliereafter held hj tlie Imperial prinoea who weraeallad K^ju m$ wipi 
from a name of tlie village when it ia ntoatad. In 1471 thatitb 
wu^fnmomtki wtm abt>liiilied, and tlie name Naahimoto4MMnija wm 
given to Prinee Slionin, the 5uth abbot Under tha TbkniifNk 
COTemment tlie temple reoeiied an estate reokoned at lU67 kohii 
which linoe lH74 Ium been reduced to an annual grant of tUU Wn. 

OoRitraknji, which is on tlie ontsids of tha present tsnpla 
gronndfl tskss the plale of a Ifondd. BoiH in 946 hf order of tfia 
Emperor Kwesan, it is 3uft. long and 37 ft deep. On a boaid 
behind Uie principal image are picinrea of Mandam, while tha four 
wsHh liave represeiiUiions of many DacMlias ooming down to tha 
earth. Tlie eeilinK lias representations oi 85 Bnsalsn (those who 
lisve stiainal to sneli a degree of merit that they hate only ona 
more birth as human beings lief ore attaining the position of 
Hnililliss) and on the pillars briglit-eolored flowers are painted All 
of th«Mv sre W Oeu^hin Bosti, The principal objiirt of worship isa 
ftiiiing imsce of Aniida, left liifth; listing •taiues of Kwannoo 
anil Beinhi sii tlie siden. 

SenjSji, *^'^ osIIm! Toxan^iii nearly half a mile south of tha 
PaihntRii. Ileing foiiniled I7 KiiU» T)ai»lii, it originally belonged to 
the Khingfin «ert In Hfn'i Knjiwara i>Utign rsbnilt it for Shinshd 
Hh'>nin. Tlie sppeamnne liare of certam heavenly npirils M to the 
iMtowal of its name which signifies ** Hpiritappsanng Temple.** It 
wsA tiamf erred to tlie Tsndai tact In laN C»elsnrin DaishI, 
gtestly enlarging it, made it the neat of tlie Tsndsi, fUiingon, Zen, 
and Rit^n mrU. Finling on tlie gromidii a fnnntain of freah, 
bnbl>ling water lie without changing the pounds wrote the name of 
the ttftinpU with iHher (Tliinses cliarartetii which signified *' Fotmtaia 
TenipWi.'* It liaving l«en msile onu of ilie Imperial temples, tha 
Kmpmiw Bhi>i 1X1.1-1'JI3» ws« IniriMl lierp; an liave aleo been tha 
Emperors, Emfwewivs, I'rinrM, and l^ince«w« since the time of 
(HNBisnnoo (I6l3.10a9> Tha ipave oftha last Bmparar, Koaai» 



.U ' ^ ' "-- ' '■ — --JJ 1 ■ ' -gi-iaB*. 



17S 

Is on'iha hill \mtk of the temple. The temple gromids eomprUing 
ebout 86 aoonee have many pine trees ; these and the quietness of 
the looality make the plaoe a fitting one for the Imperial tombs. 

The Daimon (Oraat Gate), made of loByakit was originally the 
southern gate of tiie Falaoe. Its tablet was written by a Ohinaman 
named Ohosokii. Inside the gate on the noiih side is Kwannon-do 
containing an image of Kwaunon made by Oenso, a Ghinese 
Emperor of the IS 4yi><^ty* 

Hie Butsuden, 57 ft. by 61 ft, was built by Tokugawalyetsuna daring 
the Kwambun period (l661-167e). It is of heyaldt double-roofed, the 
rafters so anranged as to appear equi-distant even at the four oomers, 
and is regarded as one of the best speoimense of Japanese arohiteo- 
ture. The images of Shaka, Amida, and Miroku^ were made by 
Unkei, that of Sanzoho on their right is of Chinese origin, while 
the other three images on the left are also by UnkeL The pictures 
on tlie ceiling of Kwannon and a dragon were painted by Tanyu 
when he ?ra8 6S yeai-s old. The fountain assooiatdd with the name 
of the temple is south of this building. 

Back of Butsuden is Sluiriden where in a gilt sluine 3ft. high sliaped 
like a pagoda is said to be a tooth of Sliaka brouglu from Cliina by 
Tankai, third abbot of tlie temple. Acconling to the legend, when 
Sliaka died a swift-footed demon ran away with the tooth, but was 
compelled by tlie god Ida Ten to return it. Sixteen hundred years 
later the god presented to Doslien, a Chinese priest who afterwards 
gave it to Tankai. Tlie statue of Ida Ten is of Cliinoso workmanship, 
while tlie picture of a dragon painted on the coiling is by Kano 
Sansetsu. 

Inside of the Karamon (;ate is Reimeiden, 72ft. by GUft built of 
hiniM in ISSL It contains the ihiU or tablets of the Eraiieiors, 
Empresses, and Imperial Piinces. Kaikwaido is made in the style of a 
Japanese fire-proof store house, and contains Buddhist images 
worshiped in past times by members of the Imperial family. 

Tofukuji. This Buddhist temple, slso called Euiohi-zan is 
situated south of the second bridge on the public road to Fushimi. 
It belongs to the Kinzai bianoh of the Zen sect; and was built in 
12oo by Kujo Miohinaga at tlie command of tiie Emperor Gof uka- 
kusa. It is one of the most famous places for maples, those in 
the temple grounds being called the Tsuten maples. The title 
which means ** Communicating with Heaven" properly belon^rs to 
a bridge which spans a gully lined by ilie trees. Tlie grounds, 
which include 46 acres, are entered by tliree gates opening from the 
Fushimi Road. There are 20 temple buildings witliin an inner 



m 

•fielotiire 1mTiii<i 4 gftte*. TIm irtte hmt ilie Mwlh md iMte vwl 
and ii Qftllad Choknshi-mon, or Portal of Um Imparial AmbMMdora. 
One faoiiHt Kmili, mXM Roknbam Oaii,iiMid iohav* onot Moof- 
•d to Um Rokaluom mansion of tlia Ikira family. Tim olhar §■!•• 
an named Gaklia and Nikka. In Tiaiting Uie tampla it ii imII to 
enter from tlie Paaliimi Road by tlie middle entranoa; paas throath 
Nikka Gate; viaiting tlie Botenden, B&mmon, and Oa tan r i nJan; 
tlien, papiin^ over the TAten Brid^, Tisit 8li5do ; and go tliroqgh 
the (lekka Gate to Manjnji and Aiiendo. 

The name of tlie temple wtm formed by oombining thoea of ivo 
otliert, Todaiji and KofnknjL Its baildin^ta vara formarly vary 
magniftoent^ bnl moat of tliem liave fallen pr^y to tlw flamaa. In 
1:4-11 tlie Hondo, Bntsnden, Ho>l, and otiier bniUii^s together 
witli a famoiM imsge of Bliaka 511ft hi^^li, and thai of a sitting 
Kwannon were detroyed by Are. The Sammon, Sanbotsajo, and 
Tenrinzo were saved from destmaction, and a new Hojohas sinoa 
li^n biiilt Tlie Rendotsuju is itfied at fireeent as a Bntanden or 
Hall of BudJlta. It is abnat I3tft by 64ft Tlie jHOtora ol 
of Sliaka'H entrance to Nir\sna witicli it preserved liere is 48ft long 
sml 2 1 ft wide and is Mkl to be the largest picture of its kind. It 
wM psinteil in ll«H by Clio Denmi when lie was 57 years old. In 
the Tentinzo is a urt of tlie HmMliist Msriptine^ Tlie Sammon or 
piiiiripal pste of tlie temple is called MyTiiiiikaka. The name ia 
iiHrriltfyl on a tablet written by tlie BiKVsnn A^liikaga Yo«liimoelii 
sml linn; on tlie front Tlie ffati« is Hlft liy .12 ft In tlie tipper 
ptory sre s iiiitin* image of Rliaka and ststties of his siiteen \mX» 
in;; (lt«riple«. Tlie ptctnreN of mnsioal infitrnments painted on tlie 
ceiling are Inr Kan I>ensii, a pupil of Chn I>enva. Tlie pond in 
front iff called Rhionike. In tlie liell -tower hangs a hell wliieli was 
formerly in tlie wen tern of two temples bnilt by tlie Rmpeior 
Kwammti, one on ea«>li vide of tlie main gate of the ftrat Imperial 
l^ilaoe in K\oto. 

Oetiiminil«*n i« tlie liall wliere is preserved the Anii, or tablet, oo 
wlii'*li i» insrril«d the po<tliiimous name of Kniii Kwamlttkn Kana. 
xane. Nesr tliis liall is a waterfall mlleil Nesame-no-taki. 

In rIk'kIo is tlie statue of tlie fonnder of tlie temple. On tlie hill 
in the rear are tlie gmves of many who died daring tlie war of tlie 
lle*t«tration. Manjnji is a temple within tlie nivtliern gMa. It 
was foiinde«l by H^Jiskn, the seeond ablMtt of Xofokaji. It was for- 
merly on Manjnji Rt wlienne it was removed in llM. The ebief 
unsge in the Msin Hall is of Amida carded I7 Rshin 85tiL Tliera 
is a sittii^ statue of Aiien Myou, in an oeti^ e nal liaU eaUad 



i^R9i?«nHPinHMHnMi*^»-M)-M 



174 

Aiaendo. The Imilding in said to have been elected iii 877. 

Inari Temple. '^^^ temple, Bitaated on Inariyama, is a 
Sliinto shrine of the superior Kwampei gi'ade. It is a little more 
Uian 8J miles from Banjo Bridge, on the east side of the Fashimi 
Bosd, and close by Uie Inari station of the Tokyo-Kobe Raiboad. 
As trains approach that station it may be noticed that a large 
proportion of the people in the third-slass, and sometimes those 
in the second-class, will rise, faoe the temple, and clap their hands 
loudly together, while they engap{e in prayer. 

Tliree deities named Ug»nomitama.no-Kami, Snsanoo-no-Mikoto, 
and Oidiihime-no-Mikoto are worshiped. Tlie temple was first 
built in 711 upon the top of the liill where it is said that the 
Goddess of Bice manifested hersell It was removed to the present 
site in U38. There are two entrances from the Fushimi Boad; 
the more important being under the large red torii close to the rail, 
road station. Ascending a flight of steps, a large covered gate is 
reached having at its sides stone images of foxes. It is said that 
on account of tlie number of foxes frequenting this hill, tliese 
animals came to be considered the special messengers of the God- 
dess of Bice. Hence when damage is doue by foxes it is a common 
practice to write a letter of remonstrance to "Inarisama." It is 
said that sometimes when sacred fowls kept in the Ise temples 
were killed by foxes ; a fence was erected around the shrine at Inari 
so tliat worshipers could not approach; thus punishing the deity 
for not keeping the messengers under better discipline. 

The large building facing Uie gate is the oratory. Behind it, on 
slightly elevated ground, is tlio main building dOf i by a2ft., and 
37ft. high. 

It is constructed of hinoki wood painted red ; and was built by 
Hideyoshi in 1539. In a galleiy near by are some interesting 
pictures and ez-voio offerings. To the left of tlie main building a 
flight of stone steps leads to what is called the ** Upper Shrine." 
To the right of this is a path passing under a nunilier of small 
torii planted so thickly together that thoy ap^iear like a tunnel. At 
tlie end of this passage is a small slirine for the offering of light- 
ed candles. There are 13 more subordinate slirines scattered over 
the hill and connected by a winding path. A circuit of tliese slu-ines 
is called ^^Oyamamtgun.** "Circuit of the hill." It is sometimes 
spoken of as **JIoravieffuriy'* **Circuit of the caves" with reference to 
the fox-holes along the road. About lialf-way up the hill is a pretty 
tea-house with a view of Yodo Biver, Otoko-yama, Tenno-zan, and 
other hills to the soutli ; while Kyoto is seen upon tlie north. 



ITS 

This pari of ilie hill it mncb frequented in aniamn when iht mttih 
rooma of loari, whieli are eonaidered the beat in Japui, ■■• to be 
founiL 

Tbe teniplea ia moat viaitod on what nnd« the old mitmdm 
were tetned **diya of tlie Horae/* eapeeial^ on thai one vhkh 
ooeura in Fefamaiy. At thia time crowda of pUgriae ecttti— 
tliroogh tlie day and night to make the oirenit of the imwinlaiBy 
pajing their derotiomi at the maiqr alirinea. Hie ragnkr feetiml 
ia lield on tlieaeoond •* Horae^lay ** of April and ket imlUthe 
flrat "Hare^toy** in May. The aaered oar ia taken in April lo 
Oiabidnkoro in the rillage of Kuj5, wlienee it retoma in Magr. 
Hie worahipera at tliia temple repreaent all elaaaee of the paoph. 
Among tlioin bladmrntth* and eotlera era apeoialla Boaaroae. 

Hie reaaon fur tliia ia tliat a famona amitli and 
named Sanjo Kokaji Mllncclti]u^ wonhiped at thia temple and 
hie monlda of earth taken from tliia hilL It ia aaid that» throogjh 
tlie aid rendered in liia worknhop by one of tlie deitiee here wofahif^ 
ed, he waa enabled to produce awurdN of eitraordinary eiDelleooe. A 
celebrated na drama telle how tlie deity tented a blade thoa forged 
by catting a rock in two witli it Feraona liaving to do with the 
ciiliure or ule of rice hold tliia temple in great eateem. Henee in 
tlie rear of farm-lionaea ami in the gardena of riee-mcrohanla, theee 
may l« seen amall woodt>n alirinea dedicated to " Inari aame ** 
Probably few of tlie apeciilatora in tlie rioe^ioliaiigee of Oeaka and 
other ciiieii wntild ^entnre npon tlie operatione ef the dqr withovt 
lia\ing fir«>i pai<l tlii»ir demotion! to Inari. 

<>n hfitli ftidea of tlie Fiialiimi Roed tlie ahopa near the 
are fillfvl with dwiap earilien imagee known aa h^ukkm 
Among tliein tboe^ Itaving tlie bvgeitt nale are l e pr eeentatlone of 
the foi which arv bought for tine in tlie domestic ahrinee of Inari 

Fnjinomori Temple. T^"* fttnntt* temple ia in Fnkaknaa 
ullago almtit 3J milm (li»Unt from tlie Ranjii Bridge, It ia not 
known wl)i»n it wan fonmlefl In 7rtl, wlien a large foree froni 
Mongolia in\afb<)il Ja|«n, tlie Rmpc^or Kftnin aent againat them 
lii» »(m, Prince B«ira, who, iM^fore •tariing oat to do battla, 
p^rffirin^l upmal drvniioiw at tliia ahrine. Aa he eaaily defeated 
ili4» 4»m*my, tli^ WmpU jrained grMt rp|iute. Afterwarda the epirit 
of Prince B*>ra wan adileil t«) tlie deitiea formerly wotahiped. It ta 
Mill (hat tWrn wrte onrr to lr aeen liere aeTen monnda where 
wrr^ Irtirif^l tlM» liead* of the «ame number of Mongolian 
killed W the I'rinre in Uttle. To commemorate tlie victofy 
ia a paratle of armed men at the awraal faatital oa J«aa fib. 



ISV*!li?*QnnBMMif-m 



176 

East of the main building is an old heyaki tree (Planeoa Japonica) 
standing pn wliat is called Hatazuka or tlie Mound of Flags, where 
tiie Empiess Jingo is said to have buried the banners used in the 
invasion of Oorea^ 

Fnshimi* about 6 miles from Banjo Bridge, is connected with 
Kyoto by a highway with houses upon each side so that it has 
almost the appearance of being part of tlie same city. Before the 
town flows the faroad Yodo Biver, wliile in Uie rear is the Talsase 
Canal. There are 8,387 houses, and 16,224 inhabitants. The 
town extends about a mile from east to west and over 2^ miles from 
north to south. After Hideyoshi built here his famous palace of 
Homoyama; what had before been only a small village grew to be 
the second largest town in the province of Yamashiro. Before the 
.construction of railroads it was an important center ; since a large 
proportion of travelers comuig to Ky5to from the west took boats 
from Os^ika to FuHliimi. It is still allourifihing town. In addition 
to governmout buildiugs such as the County OfUce and District 
Court-house, there are barracks for a division of the Osalca garrison, 
the Fushimi Bank, and the buildings of the Fushimi Sokokwaisha 
(Storage Co.), and the Yodogawa Boat Co. The long bridge span- 
ning the river at the eastern end of the town is called Kwangetsn- 
kyo, or Moon-gazing Bridge, because of the beautiful sceneiy when 
the water is lighted by tlie moon. It is a favorite resort on siuii- 
mer and autumn evenings. The bridge is sometimes callwl Buugo- 
baslii from the fact tliat in feudal times a daimyo of the province of 
Bungo liad a mansion near ly. 

Momoyama, ^^ ^^^^ nortli-east of Fushimi is noted as the site 
of the magnificent palace of Hideyoshi to which reference lias 
frequently been made in other parts of this book. After Hide- 
yoshi's death it came into tlie possession of Tokugawa leyasu. 
During the contests between him and Isliida Mitsunori, it took fire 
and was greatly damaged. The buildings that escaped were re- 
moved, and many of tliem are still to be seen at the different 
temples in Kyoto. The whole hill is now covered with plum and 
peach trees whose blossoms attract crowds of people. Especially 
noted is Umedani, or Plum Volley, which is filled with plum trees 
as far as the eye can reach. 

The Tumulus of the Emperor Kwammu is in & v^ 

called Kashiwabara in the northwestern part of Momoyama. It is a 
large mound, crowned with a tree, and surrounded by neat fences 
and stone walls as in the case of the other Impeiial graves. The 
grounds have a circumference of 1672ft. 



44S 



,{.. .;■*■• -t^'-Xh^ 



17T 



Ooko-no-mi ja. ^>i" Shinto temple it in Uie eilj of 
Tlie Kin|*eKii Jin'^o (me tocoant of tlie Heoliinuui Temple tl 
(Hokn-yeme) is liere worshiped. Hie orisin of the temple ie 
nnkiiown; hiit, m it exifttcO before tlie End em (901-023) it ie ei 
lee^t a tlioiiMnd yeen old. It ie eeid tliet in 869 perfnmed 
wetpr giinlicd nut from the ground neer thin temple whieh led the 
Rin|«*i«ir RoiwA who wen ihon on the tlirour, to|{ive it the neme 
Uiikti, iiH'eiiiiip *'lloiioie)ilc l^erftinie.** 'flie sronnd«| wliieh are 
a lit'le om an ane in eitent, oontein 10 enboidinete ehrioee. 
Tiie feKti\al ia lield April 17ih. 

Ogara Lake, poimlarly known ae 5ike (Big Pond) ie e ehort 
difUnce l«yoiid FuMiimi. It ie orer 9 milee from eeet to weel 
Atkl 1) miloM from north t«i aoatlL Tlie oiroumferenoe ie move 
than lu niiloa. In oKIrn ttinea Uie lliver Uji flowed into the lake; 
liiti IfidpyiiOii Imili a dike along tlie «ei«iem bonier ao aa to ehanfe 
ilie r«Mi«e of the ri\-er. He also built tlie Nam Higliwaj whidi 
iiUrtii from Bango-l«»hi and panea tliroogh tlie lake di Tiding it 
intit two wctionit. Tlie lake ie noted for ita beautiful lotoe flowen, 
and the i<* in an abnntUiiice of tho aquatic plant called j'tpuot. 

XJji, f»" iht' lAtikn nf ilio river bearing the aaim* name, ia a Utile 
o\nr 4 iiiilen from Fuvliimi ami 15 mile* from K>oto. Iteitanda 
aUtiit a nulc from oa^t to wp^t, and i« a lit*.l(» more Uuin a furlong 
wwlo. Tlicrr arc G07 lioiifieR and :t,l37 inliaHtantK. Among eeveml 
pMal ImU'U ami rp#>tanraiii« llan|irkirit or Kikti.}ii in tlie moet noted. 

i'lir p'gioti in famotia for producing tlie lff»t varrtetiee of tne 
Kiirli Aa KnwKi^ f «iir^i, aihl fiyt*au-», all lining commonly tneliided 
iiiiil<>r tlio roUrt'iufi name Vjx-rKx. For tlie |«rodiietion of thene 
variPtH'K |>1aiiU at lf»a«t r>0 or liH) >fani old are nervHnary. Only 
I'ji i-Aii )•' tiilM'ie tlio tirikt two \arirtiep, nome of tlie bunlien tliere 
Iriii^' M<\«Mal oi'iiitirieK old In early nuiniiier, when Itunheibi of 
piily rls<l riiAii|«>ii<, Ritigiiig merry »ong«, are picking Uie tea leasee, 
iimiu |»>u|ili« riMiio from Kyoto and oilier plaoea to nee tlie picturee|iie 
^iglii. 

Tim town Atiil li^ virintiy are aliw noted for tlieir iMiatitifnl iicene> 
r> and for liiiktirir aii*f>Hatione. In oltlen timefi, anl eepeetally 
dMniif* tli«* war* trtween the Tairaaikl Minamoto clan% tlie bankii of 
ilir ri\tr liA%r Iren Um* uneiie of ievere Cfmflictii. The town it now 
a fa%firite ri'^iirt for Ukma who et«ne t* f)«li for troni or tnaee tlte 
fiirtlifn. Tlipre are iie\eral fainmiii temple*, fxmie of which are 
ili^TiUtl NOi'w, 

Byod6*in * i^h'vi distance nouih of the l>ji Uriilge ia about 10 
mi let from Hanjii Ikidge. It wea funnarly a villa of Kawam 



LLJIJ! X i -JilWig.1 ' 



178 

Sadaijin OenyS ; and, after his death, of the Bmperors Uda and 
glmjikii. Dnring the Chotoku era (995—993) the Regent FnjU 
wanuno-Miohinaga was allowed to make it his residence; and 
atterward his son Yorimitsu lived here. Finally in 1052 it was 
made a Buddhist temple, with many magnificent huildings of 
which most were destroyed dnring the different civil ¥rar8. All the 
present huildings, except Hondo, Tsuriden, and the hell-tower, were 
hoilt in the Myoo period (1492—1500). 

Hoodo, or Fhoenix Hall, was built in 1052 hy Fujiwora-no- 
Yorimiolii. At the World's Columbian Fair in Ohicago a roproduo- 
tion of this temple was erected on a small island. The hall is 
intended to represent a phoenix descending from the sky ; tlie cor- 
ridors, extending to the right and left, taking tlie place of the out- 
stretdied wings, while the addition in the roar represents the taiL 
On tlie top of the roof are a pair of small phoenixes, 5 ft hi^^, 
made of bronze, and so constructed that they more about according 
to the direction of tlie wind. The hall, which is 30 ft. square, is 
surrounded by a verandah 5 ft wide; wliile the comdors ou the 
right and left are 42 ft long and 12 ft wide. The secoud btoiy is 
12 ft square. The rear corridor is over GO It. long and 12 ft wide. 
The chief image is of Amida, 6 ft. high, and is siuToumlcd by 50 
email statues. They were carved by Hukyo Jocho. Pictures of 
Shaka and others on the walls were ^tainted by Yedokoro Chuja 
Tamenari A famous inscription ou the leaves of the door was 
written by Minamoto-no-ToshifuBa. The beams and ceiling were 
once inlaid with mother-of-poarl and otliorwiKO richly decorated, but 
their beauty haH Iaoii ahnost entirely dosiroycd by yenis of neglect 
The pond in the goitlon is in the BhajM of the BaiiKcrit loiter **Aa." 
There is also a famous stoue lantern called Byld't-in-tjaJUi. l^fiyo- 
fium, or Gate for Onlinaiy Use, is back of the hall, and was present- 
ed \jy Toyotomi Hideyoslii, while just within it is a pair of Btone, 
lanterns given by his seven boldest waiTiors. 

The bell-tower, built by Sadaijin Fujiwara-no-Morozane 
has a bell that was cost in India aikl is one of Uio tlut)c imn^i 
famous ones in Japan. Wobt of the Huodo iK a largo biono monu- 
ment that was built in lBti7 in honor of the tea for which Uji in so 
noted. In Kwanuondo is an imago of the Eloveu-faced Kwamiou 
tliat was carved by Kasuga. 

Ogi-shiba is tlie name of a piece of ground where Miuamoto-no 

Yorimasa spread his o</i, or folding fan, in oi-dor that he might sit 

upon it when, in 1180, he committed suicide by hcuxUciii Yorimasa, 

mitJous, aB were others, to secure tlie downfall of the haughty 



r^nMM 



179 

Tairm rUn, ploiM with Prinoe Mocliihtto, th« Moood tcm of Um 
Kinperivr (hmhinikjiim, in r\m AflMniti it. \Vliito he Mid Um friam 
were nuikiiiix i^etr way in Hat*, iUe ooimpiinqr «mui dia uo iWPt j . Ib 
onler to allnw tiie ivinoe to «•€»!»•, YorinMa with hlf two lOBi^ th« 
prioid of Kiif nku^ lUkl ftX) nvrion BMcIt ft ilupwli ilM^ Igr 
wliicli for a long tiiiM thej kept at bay tlift StyJ^ aoldien atnl 
af9iiiiPi tltem. Wlien further repiiitanoe was naeleiw he mme to thk 
^pot in pm-form tlie laat act required bj tlie andeiit eode of hoaer. 

Afrata Temple. Thie Sliinto thrine ia near B!]r6do4ii at 
Vjfi. Hen* ip worshiped Ta9e-no.Dokj9, a noinrioos Bnddhlat prieel 
wlio alniont PiioorfiVd in an attempt to nenrp tlie Imperial thnma. 
It iff naid tliat Pnjiwara Torina^s an offleial whose evil deeds gained 
for him tlie name of •'Tlie Wicked Minister of Uji »* is akNi wor* 
shipol hen*. The temple, thonch small, is very famous and has a 
largo nnml«r of wornhipers. Tlie common pe<iple eoneider thai 
tlie Cod of Wedlock it wotshiped here. On the 6tli of June speeial 
tmin^ Icing to liiari Btatton largs nnmbers of people who thva 
join the rrnnnls tliat for a whole day and night pack tlie road lead> 
ing to TTji. liugo numlvrs are iU»o lorouglit by steamers on the 
Yiulo Ri%er. 

Kothdji, alto cftlleil Biittokn-nn, it on tlie bank of the U]l 
Hiver, slxiiit ) mile atioTe Um bridge at Uji. It belongs to the Soto 
IsaiM'h of the Zen tort and was first htiilt by Dogen (>sho. In 1SSS| 
tlie monsfft^ry contiiitod of seven Urge hnildings standing wh 
naktimkiiji lisd onrA l«en, and it was known by the long 
Kwsnnon lV'»ri-in Konho Ihhinsenji. Tlie Rmperor Shijo (1 
l*iia\ who Ificame an earnett believer in Buddhism, preeented to 
tlie tomplA a tablet intrriKvuI with tlie name Kosho HOrinas^fl, 
which may Ktill be teen liangin:; in tlie Hotstiden. After about 10 
yrMT9 I)«»(:en (Hlio hift thit temple and went to Rdiiata where he 
f'ltiiifle*! thd n'»ir«| t«»mple Rilieiji. Tlie monastery having 
d<*«t?«>>oil At ihnprrnt times by Are, the firesent buildings 
oio<*ti^l ill lr>lo In- Ntpii Naomata, tlie /kus^ of Yodo, who 
Mnii-An o«lio ilioal>hi>t of the restored t«»mple. 

Tlio lioikhngff are at the foot of Anahi Mmmtain, seven or eight 
liTiii'IrnI flit fr«in tlia river. Faring tlie iitream tliere is a famoos 
»tu)«» '*%u» lia%iii|; b»<i(lf« it a nt«ttie |ia::nila 5 Mtorie* high. On a 
hill Ar<» pUfilnl msny rli^rry ami maple trees, also shrabe of 
A>. .(I f tiwuitnt^ triiirli ii«|t| in their \wy\i^ sMUont to the bsauty of 
tli^ p-i'T. Tlia ttf*iMple panWn in famon« fur its artistic 
inf'iit 'if mro r<H-kM ami leantifiil plants uliirli attract many 
in ii]*riii;; ami fall. 



180 

Hie Hondo, or Main Hall, was brought from Momoyama in 
Fudiimi where it was part of Hideyoshi's palace. Tlie Chief object 
of worship is a bronze Btatue of Sdiaka, IJ feet higli, whidi was 
brought from Ohina. 

In the river before the temple is the Kame-ishi, or Turtle Bock, 
whidi is thought te resemble one of Uiose animals swimming in 
tlie water. 

Among tlie treasures of tlie temple are pictm-es of Sliaka by Kano 
Tanyn, of the Sixteen Disciples by a Gliinese aiiist, and of a white 
eagle by Kisd Kotei of Cliina. 

Mamupkuji, also called dbakn-san, is in Uji, 8 miles from 
Sanjo Bridge. It is the principal temple of the Obaku division of the 
Zen sect, and lias jurisdiction over 600 others. It was founded by a 
Cliinese monk named Ingen who, on first coming to Japan, 
took up his residence in Nagasaki. His wisdom and virtue 
caused his ropulAtion to sinieail until the ox-Kjii|)oror (lomixniUHi 
invited hi/n to Kyoto and iiiado him erect tluH tuiiiiilo whiuh was 
finished in iGOl. He made ovciything in ChineHc style so that, 
while witliin tlio preoiuutH of the laonaHiory, one inij^lit iniagino 
himself in tlie coimtry of its founder. In front is an extensive 
grove of phie trees, while in the rear and on the sides are tlie slopes 
of the mountain. 

The Sammon is a red gate 75ft. by 4dft., and 72ft. high. Within 
is a pond called Hojo-ike. A fii^ht of stairs loads to tlie Toimoden, 
72ft by 4Hft, having in the center an imago of Miroku Bosatsu, atul 
others of Shiteiiiio. Tiuiiing east along a comdor and i^aBsing by 
the edifices called Bhoro, (torando, and Saido, the vinitor roaclios 
tlie main building called Taiyiihodeu which is 72ft by GUft aiul 
6Gft high, with double roofs. It is made of a Chinese wood called 
liftnon, and tlie ceiling is made in the style called jaixtra-yiUaj or 
"Dragon-belly scales." The principal object of worship is an 
image of Shaka accompanied by those of Anau and Kayo. A 
tablet inscribed with tlie characters Sl^* which is in the center of 
tlie building was presented by the pi-esent Emperor. 

To the north stands Hatto, Guft by 12(t, which was orip;inally 
the hall for preaching but is at pie&oiit the depository for a com- 
plete set of Buddhist scriptuies, and for the Gu,(JOU blocks from 
which it was printed. The cutting of these blodis and the printing 
were done by the abbot Tetsugau Zenshi. 

East of the Hatto is Hojo or the residence of the abbot Tlie 
pictures of Shaka's 500 dinciples were painted by Taigodo. The 
building is also called tlieTigor-mark Boom, because of tlio spotted 



181 

•|i|iMriiM» nf ilie wsIIk. WmI of ilM Biitto in anoilitr HSjS. ToUm 
ionth are Sliklo and Rendo. In Um latlv iht |Mtete pnetiee Um 
dindplim of the 3Sen eeet. An image of KwannoB Um etnlv ia wid 
to be patted over with letlera tlial Ingen Kolroahi reoelTed from hie 
mntlicr. Fnrtlutr aontli in Snahidd with an imafiof DmnMI 
1>ai»hi; ami anotlier Hitildiiic eallod Koru. A eorridor laada lo ft 
liftxaconal Knildin.'z whidi ia tlia tomb of the foonder of th« 
monaaterr. Kaiaando, OOft hj 49ft^ haa an imafe of IniceB Knkvabi 
Til Uie left ia ghoindo wbitlier tfie fomnler retired in hie old 
Tliere are a doien minor halla having imagee made by Bli 
Hanln Set 

Baigoji, *1"^ called Rlun-nnmn, b a Ilnddhiat temple ol the 
Rliinaon mrt biratftl at tin* villa;:e of |)at|;o in tlie Connliy of UJi, 
at a diataniv nf inrer 7 mi lea from flanjii Ih-idg^ It WM fowkkd 
in WH \fy nnlor nf the Kmperor 1>ai(;o, the flnt abbot being Sholio 
Klionin. Tlie liaiblinga at the top of tlie hill are called Upper 
I>aif^; thorn at tlie tiaii«», !if»wer Paiga 

In the Ilotiilo, nr Main Hall, which in in Tjower Daigo, are placed 
^tatiien of Yakutlii-hiitun, Nitten, CSwatten, and Rliitenno. lliia 
hall iff Mid to ha\e Im^n ImiH \tj Ifideyonhi. The flira^itoried 
)riir(«la, fioiith.4<«Kt of llcindo, haa a Imne 33 ft nqnare and ia lit fi 
liipli. It containa pirtiiren of 31 IhiiVlhiat Minti known aa O iei u 
Mamtara. 

A fftrep road 3) mi lea long loailii to Upper I)aigo wliere tite 
tmililitigp are rearhed in tliefollowttig nnler: — Kwannond«>, Clndaidd^ 
Nyoitimlo, R(Hiliiili>, and Yaknahido. Hie bnage of Kwannon iB> 
»tAH<Nl in Nyoiritklo it the work of Slioli«) ami ia No. 11 of tlie 83 
Kwannnnn fif tlie w#Ptem prnvincpii tliat are e«peci ally viniteil bj 
)ii1i;TiM)P. Tim wliolf* hill in rn^ereil wtth a^ei! pinee and cedar 
that aid in mnkin.! the niotunterT a delightfully eool plaoe in 
ptiinnier. 

8ainp5*ill, titnatnl ouuitle the Rani-mnn of IHiignji and at th* 
Uft, aUo )M]nn:ii in th«* Sliiivs^n «eri, and waa founded by flhoKu 
Klioiiin. Ita a)4NiU were pp1erir«l fri»m tlie Pona of thoae nobSa 
faiiiilM*«> in Kv>t<» iliat wrre rall«Nl **StkW,** 

Tho llittiilen, nr Main Hiiikhn*^*, t> nanl to 1« a pbMse wliere Hide- 
,v«»*lii »a* 111 t)M» hal'it of mining to N«r ilie blooming flower*. ()n 
the l**A«c« r>f the iIimit aie carTMl the chryvantliemam and liri 
wliicli are lIi** |in]if*rial rre^t*. The rooms in thia building an 
wcll-|«icM*i%nl arkl are fainoiiii f<« the l«autT of tlieir deeormtiona, 
tlw* |H«turee on tlic «nr<«tM lM*ing lij Kano Tanyn ami Kano Bitokik 
Tlie garilen ailjoinii^i the Imll ia cebbratnd for ita cniiona reck* 



182 

And rare plants. One of the rocks ORpecinlly well-known is tlie 
FujitoAfihif which was brought from Fnjito in the province of 
Bizen ly Oda Nobunaga when he built the Nijo Castle for one of 
the Ashikaga Shoguns. It was afterwards presented to this temple 
by Hideyoshi. 

Tha Tomb of Tamnra Shogtin is about 8 dvi north of the 

Yamasliiua Station. When the famous general died in 811 he was 
buried with great honors. It is said that his body was plaoed in an 
erect position, with his face toward Kyoto; while with him were 
buried his armor, weapons, and some provisions, lliere is a popu- 
lar belief tlmt whenever some extraordinaiy event is about to occur 
in tlie country, a roaring* sound from the tomb gives warning of its 
ooming. In ancient times it was customaiy for generals about to 
start out on an expedition to first visit this place in order to pray 
for victory. In memoi-y of the general's illustrious doetbi during 
the reign of the Emjioror Kwammu, the tomb has recently been 
repaired. 

Kwanjuji) ^ Buddhist temple belon(];ing to the Sliingon sect, 
is a little over one chS west of the Yamashiiia Station. It was 
founded in 004 by Udaijin Sadakata, Hansliuu So jo being its first 
abbot, and is one of the ^^monztki" temples. It is specially noted 
for its beautiful garden which is well worth visiting. Among its 
treasures one specially prized is a large embroidered kakemono of 
very fine workmanship, which is said to be a relic of the Blmperor 
Daigo. 

Tamashina is a lar^e village midway between Kyoto and Qtsu. 
Being ho near the ancient capital it has mnny plmtos of liiHtoric 
notoriety. Among them there is still pointed out the house said 
to Imve been used by Oishi Yoshio, the celebrated leader of the 
Forty-seven Ronins. It is nearly opposite another historic build- 
ing known as Yokkojaya- ^ishi's house was formerly near the 
shrine of Iwaya Myojin in Nishi-no-yama. At present it contains 
only two of the original rooms, the entrance (yenkwan) and parlor 
(taMd) ; the rest of the building being new. Oishi is said to Imve 
lived there before stalling for Yedo. 

The stoiy of the Ronins has been given in connection with tlio 
Cemetery of the Onodera Family. Oishi Yoshio was the head of 
a family that had for generations held the inipoiiant olVioo of 
haiv (elder) in the house of the Lord of Ako. He was generous and 
courageous, but did not care for the details of etiquette. There 
were therefore few who appreciated hiiu, and even his master 
treated him coldly. He, seemed to care but little though men 



i«;t«rdMl him m ninptti M^hen, hoiroir«r, word mom of hit 
dMtli, ho At onoii oollocted more tlian SOO of Uie leUiiMn in Um 
mMlo At Ako mid eilioited iliom to defend il nniil doAth, ill mm 
tlioir petition for the eont'.nttAnoe of tlie hotwe wm lejeoled. Sonit 
of tlie oUien objected to tliis plan and urged that thej ehoald 
fulljr diKpoTKe. Hence at tlie aeonnil meeting onl^ 65 
Circnnnktanoeii had no olian?ed Uiat reRintanoe wonid ha^ hmm 
detrimental to their ma«tpr'f hooie. Therefore tli^ diapened ia 
diilerent directions, ^i*hi diooeing Yamashina aa hia reaidsBOi 
from which lie directed liia comrades aa tlifjr in dtlfcivnt diagniaaa 
were stodjring ways Igr which to aven^ theti lord's death. Oiahi 
is naid to have pnrpoaely led a dissipated life in opler todiwt 
snupicioa The plan for setting np Uieir lord*a younger IvotiMr aa 
liead of the honse was finally frustrate d ; hnt tlie faitlifnl buid al 
la«t came to^etlier at Tedo where tliey aecomplislied tlieir plan for 
ieT<«ti{;o. ntslii*s son, Ynshiliane, was one of tlie loyal company. 

Oharaoo Jinsha. I^^i* Hhinto temple is in a irilla(;e of tlM 
same name about rt miles west of 8an)i> Brid^xe. It is a Kwampd 
temple of intermcdiste cr«<le and in Mioaled to the same deities 
s« Are worRlii|if<«] in tlir Ksun^a Jiimlui at Nara. In tlie time of tlie, 
F^nimror JnntM(.-4ai..;.i3) the temple was foondedfor the protection 
of Kyoto. In the womM rnclomire of about atves are four naia 
^lirinrHi All facing ilm mtntlt. Tliey are small and Iriglitly paiiiM. 
Itcfoio tliDii.tnMinAd of Uie *M Korean dogn ** fotindelaewliera,are two 
iiU*iw* (Imr, tliAt Animal l<»itig sarreil to tlie Nara shrine. IWaldt 
tli«i rriAil IrAdiiig to the«e filirtiies aic the well called 
anil tlie pnnl calleil A''Hi^iirr».f o-iV, l»otli fanioosin 
Tlie Anntial fcpti^sl ocrnrii on tlie Ktli of ApriL 

Hana-no-tara. I'hi* Ibi<lfllii«t mona«tery ailjoins tlie Oliarano 
Jimlia n|>on tlie w«wt Thongti it* proper name is Jialiitji, it ia 
rtmimftnlT known \j the otli«»r title whioh signifirs "flower 
Temple " gi\on on Account of tlie many dierry trees tliat flourished 
lirre in aiirirnt times, and some of which still remain. It was 
fniiiiilciil by Knno HliokaXn who carved for it a statne of Kudo 
Myoo ti> whom the tMnple was deilicaled. Tlioogli now small, it 
wA« onop lery f1«mri»liiii(r and luul 4 ii sub-monasteries clustering 
a)H>iit it There in a small cloiMler wlieie is preserved tlie image of 
Hai:.'>o IIo>lii who once lirc<| here; as did also tlie famous priaal^ 
Jicltn, ami tlie not<Nl poet Wskasano Ksini, Kstsnt«isht. 

Temman Temple of Nagaoka. i'l"» temple is in the 

Tilla;:e nt SliinkiMlari or as it is often calM, Kai<Un. It is t\ milaa 
west of the Mukomachi Htation. Tliia ph^a, aadently known aa 






184 

NigaoJca, was the seat of the Imperial OoverHiiieut for a didrt time 
just before the founding of Ky5to. The temple is dedicated to 
Sugawara-no Miohizane, of whom an aojount has lieen given 
in conneetion with the description of Kltanu Temple. In his youth 
he was intimate with Ariwara-no Narihira, a noted poet who 
resided in the vicinity of Na^aoka where Michizane often visited 
him. At that time there was in Niigaoka a UaddUist temple of the 
Sliingon sect where the two friends often met to enjoy eash other's 
company ai^ the Leanties of nature. On his way to exile Miohi- 
sane visited this temple. Yubo, who was then its priest, was so 
grieved at the saga's misfortunes tlmt he aosompanied him into 
exile and, on his return home, received as a palling; present a 
picture whidli Michizane drew of himself. When, thrae years later, 
intelligence came of Uie exile's death, the pi'iest was amonj tliose 
who most sincerely bewailed his loss. He erected this temple, 
dedicated it to Michizane, and called it Temmaugu. 

In tlie gi'ounds, which comprise 1] acres, theie are 5 subordinate 
slirines. A pond near the temple has upon its banks many plum, 
dierxy, maple, and azalea trees ; aikl also mauy tea-houses. At all 
seasons of the year visitors find some attmctiou to this spot Like 
other Tonunan temples, a festival is held ou 25tli of each mouth. 
The annual festival occui-s Oct 0th when, among other exercises, 
tliere is an exliibition of wrestling. Ou March 25th, 1895, Uiere is 
to be a special service when a dish of rioe decorated with dowers is 
to bo offered at the shrine. 

Komyoji, ^l^o called Hukuku zau, is the maiu toiuple of the 
Seizan division of the Judo sect, and has 750 branch temples. It 
is in the village of Ao, over 8 miles from Sanjo Bridge aud 1 mile 
from the Mukomadii railroad station. It was founded in II9>S by 
the famous warrior Kumagai, or Bensho Hoshi, who invited his 
master, Honen Slioniu, to be the first abbot, he himself takiug the 
second place. Formerly it was known as Nembutsu Sammai-iu; 
tlie dmuge of name being accounted for by tradition as follows: — 
From foai' Uiat the gi-ave of Honen Shouiu, which was in Chiou-in 
might be desecrated by his religious oppoueuts, the stone coHln 
was dug up and secretly buried near Koriuji in Uzumosa ; but a 
bright radiance issuing from tliat place pointed in the direction of 
Ao; hence the colfin was removed to this temple to which the 
Emperor gave the name "Komyo," meaning "Bright Light" The 
present grounds luve an aiea of over 10 acres. 

The chief image in the Emmado is a sitting statue of Honen 
Bhonin, which is said to have been carved by himself while ou the 



way to gliikokn whither he had bem eiiML It it ako aaia tiMl 
tlie mnriMe ti made \ty pasting orer it the letters whieh the ptieal 
reeeti^ from hii motlier. In Amidado ia a aitting etetne of 
AtnkU, G ft higli, made hf Eeliin Bom, whieh WM eenried Igr 
Kninagai an lie traveled about tlie oonntry, and afterwaidi depoiiled 
lirre. Tlie ftltrine or tmnb of Hunen Blionin ia on the slope of Ihe 
mountain bade of tlie temple, itii wooden tablet with the eerring of 
a dragon being tlie woik of Hidari Jingoro- The stone eottii ia 
front of tlie Msin Hall is tlie one in which Honea Shoaia VM 
biiriod. 

Hie temple ia noted for its coolness in snmmsr and its mtaj 
ornamental and dowering trees. To the east is an opea field 
wlience tliere is a distant view of Inari-yama nesr FnslnmL 

AmonR tlie trtasmes are pictures of the Siitsen Diseiplse of 
fSiaka hy Riminryu; another noted one of tlie same snl^Mi bgr 
Clio I>en8n ; and pictmes of 11 Buddlus liy Koee Kanaoka. 

Tanagidani Kannon, of Byugwan.ian Yukokuji, ia lathe 
villa;:r of Judo. II was founded by Bnikwan Sltunin in tlie time of 
the Rinperor Rhirakawa (lu7340H6). The main image is of the 
ThmiRsiid.liatkkd Kwannon, and is r»ft high. There are pliesd 
licMulo it statues of 8lio«un JiiO and Bisliamonlen. On the left 
lisiiil li^Iow Uie Main Hall is a waterfall called Ydffyu^o.taki ; aid 
tliripsre also ssTeral noinl springs. Tlie temple is visited fay l^iV* 
nninl«rs of people afflicted by eye diseases, as prayera to the imsfi 
of Kvannon installed here are thonglit to be efllcaeioiis ia worUag 
a cure. 

Hachiman Temple of Otoko-yama. l^is slunto temple 

i* on Hst'i^amin^, or tlie Pigeon's I>ak of Otoko-yama, neer the 
town of YswsU, on tlie left bank of Yodo River. It is about 13) 
mib>« from San/> liiKl^e, and a| miles south-east from Yamaaaki 
Biatioh wlicnrs it can lie easily readied by Jimrikitka, Uie a 
supi^ior ICmimpti Ismple. Of tlie tlirse principal shrines the 
opntral is ileihcateil to the Emperor djin; tlie eastsm to the 
Ktnprcss JiiiRo, his motlier ; and Uie western one to titree goddesses 
known un(lf»r the collective name of Himeo-<\kamL 

•rnUl^ Itrr iwtn* with ".|lntfi««fn "I l« r^m#mh*r*| m» Um IsvwUr mt i 

\<i<«r4ii»ff In 111* laifmlftr m€t*^ntH. atw «•• l«4 hjm ■iwiriilMtml v 
itrr^ Iwff btftalntirf. Ih* V.mpmrnt,^ aiH wmAwftHI In «if<l»ff l» wi M w m 
«l*«iip|in- In c*>M MmI Uf«M|f» II* rvfrflrd tial. M h» laaSiiS t^wAtSi 
• »^f«>|% • At«>r • M V* la- fr«ti Aftdl II «nnlitt« iMrl*« m w«4 iWffv fa* 
m )a'f 1 •• (nil >«^(i A*^ rll«<l II* ■■■i AfVff «ll»d. w> UmI Hi Uw ¥m\ 
tliil'l >H iiitlnm «rt« fitrti Um ImS anS %hr 1 — r vt tntMIHf I 
nrdtfftf h«r s^'fwali to »ll«cl trwyeMii ptievs iMps fSidi 



186 

InirllMtilM would MMnae fht pirb of A man and ICO M ilMir leader, nieoxpodt- 
tlon WM reedy in the year SOl foreeUIng fortli, wbenthe Umprene became 
aware that she was with dhtld. By divine favor aha oaroe into pOMevslon of a 
stone which, being placed in her girdle, delayed the chlld'M birth until the comple- 
tion of her great enterprise. When the fleet reaohfd Oorea. the king of tint 
country was greatly alarmed, having never before known that there was any 
country beeides his own. Without any resistance, the Cbreans took an oatli tluit 
they would forever after be tributary to Japan. Kight ships laden with gold* 
silver, silk and other valuable artldee, together with eighty noble hoetages 
were sent to Japan as signa of this subminion. 

The Kminress's son, bom soon after her return to Japan, was QJIn who, being 
afterwards deiflod as the God of War. finally came lo be oonslderod as an 
incarnation of the Buddhist Uachlman. Tlie victories in Omreaare ascribed to 
his prenatal power. In the many temples erected to bis memory, Uiereare 
uaualy to be found pictures representing the Empress Jingo dreicd in armor, 
while with her is her venerable minister, Tskenouchl, who holds the young babe 
In his anna. 

During the Jokwan era (859-876) there lived in the province of 
Tamaio a Buddliist priest named Qyokyo who was a descendant, 
of Takenouohi He came to Otokoyama where lie built a temple 
which he called Iwashimizu Hachiman, there liaving formerly boon 
one named Iwashimizu. In 1309 the name was oliaii;{ed to Otoko- 
yama Hachiman. The main temple comprises two buildings called 
the Outer and the Inner Palace. It luis a frontage of about Gift 
and a depth of 40ft Between the Outer and Inner Palace is a 
famous cistern which is said to be made of pure gold. It is narrated 
that the noted Ishikawa Qoemou once lay for a long time concealed 
in this cistern. 

Ishikawa Goyemon is the famous robbber of whom many well-known tales 
are told; among atUem tliat of lils mounting by meaiw of a large kite on a windy 
night to the liummUof Ntigoya Ckuttlo In order to Hteal tliu plates of koM with 
which the omaiuoiits in itlinpe of f bheti were covered. When he wait arrciftc-d 
and brought to trial for his many oirencen, the Judge luilccd, " Did yoit force 
your way Intotliu palace of lIldRyOHliI and Mtcal thero-froin a guidon conMorT 
"Yes," replied Goyemnn, "and I liave aluo done many other 8uch duedn." "You 
are condemned to death," said tlie Judge. 'Hie robber, witli unmoved 
countenance, aald, "If I am Judged worthy of death, then wliat punbhment in to b« 
infltcted upon TOyotoral llideyoHlii himself ?" "Wluitdo you mean?" cried 
the astonished Judge. Goyemon replifnl, "No doubt I deserve desali for my crimes; 
but I am a small robber in cuuiiurison with the Regent llideyoshi who 
has stolen a whole country, and yet puts on the appearence of iHiing a grmt nmn." 
Goyemon was condemned to die by being plac^ in a caldron of Iwilini.' oil. Wluit 
are said to be the remains of thlH caldron are exhibited in the DaibuUu teniide 
at Nam. 

At the office of the temple, near the main building, pcriniHsicm 
may be obtained for seeing the oelelirated cistern. Tbe temple 
grounds occupy 38 acres, and include 15 subordinate shrines. At 
the right of the main entrance is a stable with the sacred hoi-se 
which feeds on tlie beans offered by worshipers. 

Tliere are many places of interest near the temple. A little east 
of the main building is a well of clear water called IwaslMiiizUf tliat 



107 



in, **rnro.Roek Water,** whieh $fkr9 Um Ismpltttf 
Tliii w»tar i« much nned bgr Um neifchbarin;; tanmn for pultiQg 
npon tlieir riee-fieUn, wb«re thqr ny it !■ eflnlit* ia tetrojins 
bannfnl in«6ctii. (Hlier ol^Mli to wbioh Atfttntioii U mlM art 
RtMiyii^ Bridge, bmli oror Um t^kmm ihtA flows from IwMhUmiw; 
a baildin^ to wliidi Um Rodi wonhipad in the lampla Joonitjoo 
festival da>ii ; tlia Fn^U, or Wiateria Well ; eii old piiie4raea plaaM 
by Minam'oio Yoritono ; the well ealled 7Wi»4; Ae. 

The annnal featttal ooonrs on Sept 16th. At thia tima eartaia 
antiqne oeremoniea are oL aer i e d which make thia teaH^ mak aeil 
to Uiore of the Kamo Templea in i n te r e at and beaaty. AaMag Iha 
tmnarea of tlie temple are a aword and aona nnileal hiaiiiiinaiiti 
prrrented by tlie Rmpeior Beiian (1G69-1680) aad two avoUa 
painted by Hirndiika. 

Yinitom aie reeommended to tee also Tabaraji, atampleontha hlU 
Trnnd.ran. Iteini; jani above the imilway atation of Taaia»ki it ia 
cany of acrcee. Tlie hill ia tlie eoene of a well known atoiy thai 
lias been tianitlaiM )«y Mitford aa followi : 



ftnr* ittmn m Urn; m fr«v. who lU«d In KyMa. latf loof b^^n 4mlirmmmt 
In ar^ ft^ka r>n« afirlnK, imr Ing mwW up bta mind. Im itmrtmi •# !• mm 
Attil all Ita fAinniM plAr««. Rr m ftUm of hn|« on All>roar«, h* naelMtf m toanple 
nfiftviu NUiiUnti nk^ mnA thmtf hj ih* w««|»m nmrd h* Arrlvftf at YawMBlll* 
and hr«ati In a«rmtt tlta inminlaln <i»ll»4 TtnnA.ian. Nov It m hmf^mmi ikti, a 
rri«rmin (Kaka ha<l dH^rmlnd v» «Mt KyftKytwIhnd alwt aici r i i l H TWwA- 
raii; a»«l nn tW Miiiitnii. Uw two fmca mrt, m«vlr a<M|iMilntn>M«, ami taM «m an»* 
llwr tiMtir fMi««iii<«M. Hi* ihny \wnn In mni|4atn almt all llw I«<mM« Ihtgr Iwl 
r«w- tiintirli. and l«»dnii|)r arrived lialf wajafl*?*!!; If llwr wevil «i fk«he 
atiil KtALv tlwfrlrtf* ai«i Miw wmild rrt%ilnly nnl hnM vat llMV waa dM 
r<«m<ma ni<Mint:\ln TrfmA-nn. froan Ilia Inp of whlrh Iha wlv4««f KfAla aMa 
(•mka rtniM Ke VM1 . If th#v afcmd on tl|4na MrPchMl Ihrlr backa. 
at llir « tr w . tiirjr « mild •««« UirnMrlvM from flUa l«e«. Having 
rniM ltt«t««i. th^y taicli •Cnnd Up nn tlpln*^ and Inokod abo«| t>>w; wImm Ika KfAla 
fr««mld 

** li«<all.T.|nf.kir«atth* famniM HacM of ( imka. « lilrli I hava Want »aracll 
aNsH. ihity «io»ii ar^ni \n differ a Ml fm«n KyA«(» Inalaad of flvHif mjmtt wmj 
far1li#r trMiM* Ui fn nn. I •hall |n^ rv4um horn*. " 

Thr (naka f r««. hllnking withhl* Pjm mM. vlUi a wtoiiiffiM anlla. 
*■ UHI. IHa«e hi^rda ■natdmlof^lk aN^rt IhH K ]rh«o hHng •■ boa«nf«l W 
tlirr rw>wf-r«. Uit It I* liM (kaika o« ar again. Wa hftd hHt»f a* kMn«. * 

\i-i «• til* fn««. |«>llt«>l) linwli« tn«n« aiMHhar. hif^ «tr hmm» wHh M l«i- 
INiffont ■« a-rfr . 

Sno althmigh itila It a fttnnr lltlU alarjr roii wHln>4 aiMliwlwl Om drlfl mi 
It at mirv. IW rn«« tlMnight tint thay vara Innking In frmil of thaw: hal ati. whaa 
Ihr* Mmk iir tliHr i>««« «#r« In tl«» l«rk of tliHr hvada, mth vaa tanking gl Ma 
nati « • pi%rf . i\ I tl># « Itll* thai h* halta««^ Ithnaalf to h lonklng al Uw |4m« ka 
a |«li#d i'> r«> Th» f rnr« "tarvd to anv ammmt. II I* tlma; bat Ikta Omj 4ld iHt 
lak# farr tint th^ <'(>)rrt liiokpd at aaa th# rIgM ohjrcL and as M vao tlMl Ikvjr 
fvll ltil» ^rn>r 

Todo. "" ^1'^ >^^^ f^f tlw Mme name, in about S| milaa below 
Kopliimi, niilea from Kyoto, and % milaa from Tawaia. Ia 



188 

feudal limes it was occnpied by the Inabi family, tlie site of whose 
castle oan still he seen. Formerly there were big wheels in the 
river which transmitted some of tlie water into the castle grounds. 
The town extends half a mile horn north to south, and a little 
less from east to west Though it has declined since the abolition 
of feudalism, it still contains 1416 houses, and 6,220 inhabitants. 

Love Mound (o^ Koidauka). In a village called Kami Toba, 
some distance south-west of the Kyoto Railroad Station is a 
famous mound in front of the temple gate of Nanjoji. Its name 
is derived from the following stoiy. A man named Endo Morito 
became enamored witli ilie beautiful Kesagogen, wife of Minamoto- 
no-Wataru. Failing to find means for carrying out his guilty 
desires, he threatened tlie wife's mother with death if site did not 
aid him. Kesagozen, on hearing this, thought that her refusal to 
be faithless to her husband would bring death to her mother. She 
therefore told her lover that she would yield to his wishes, pro- 
vided tliat he would first slay her husband. On the appointed 
evening she first pro|)ared an entertaiimieut for her husband whom 
she then caused to sleep in anotlier room, while she lay down in his 
accustomed place. At dead of night Morito stole into the house, 
slew his victim, and bore away the head, when he found to his 
horror that he luul murdeied Uie woman whom he loved. Entering 
a monasteiy he afterwards became the famous priest, Mon^^aku. 
He is said to have built tliis mound before retiring to Taluio. The 
stone monument was erected in 1647. 

Rokkakudo, ^^^^ called Chohoji, is situated on Bokkokn St., 
about 1 mile from Sanjo Bridge. Tlie first of the two names, 
which signifies Heiagonal Hall, arose from its sliape. It belongs 
to the Tendai sect, was founded in 587 by Shotoku Taishi, and is 
reckoned as No. Id of tlie 33 sacred places in the western provinces. 
The principal image, which represents Nioi Kwanzeon, is of gold 
and about 2 inches high. According to legentl, a bright light ap- 
peared off the coast of Iwaya-ura in tlie Island of Awaji. The 
villagers, in investigating the cause, drew out from the water a box 
from whence the illumination proceeded. On the lid was insoiilxHl 
'^fo the Emperor of Japan. An image of Empu Daiikiii." The 
image found inside was given into the care of Shotoku Taishi, who 
was so much pleased with it that he chose it for his g\ianlian, 
and built Bokkakudo for its preservation. After about 200 years, 
when the Emperor Kwammu was laying out his new capital, the 
temple was found to be just where tlie center of a street would como, 
and it was tlierefore removed 50 feet to the noiih, while tlie high- 



109 

wsy wfM mllftl hj itH iuumi. The bell-imMr b ntatted oo Um 
a|i|Nimte RklB of the *irwi Being in the midit of a city UmiI oUn 
wiinaRMl graft! oonrin^itonn, the buildingi hate irrtral timai totn 
mliKM] to mIim. Tlia preaeni temple, bnilt ia 1864, if 86 ft in 
front, tlie oilier Ave nidce being eeeh 18 fi kmg. 

To the north ie Pftiahldo, made of a rare kind of trj^/LommiM^ 
whera if installed an image of Shotoko Taithi carved hf hJmealf, 
and one of Shinran. It ie aaid thai the latter «aa eanrad Iqr 
Sliinnin In oommemoraiion of pilgrimagBs made to thJe l«Bpla 
during one hnndred eoneeentite nighte while he nae a etndmt oo 
Mi Hiei. On the last ni|^t he raeeiiwd from Kwannon a mvehtf ob 
which oanicd him to lesTe the monntain and follow Bnkd Daidd, 
tlie fotinder of the Judo tect Since he wore etew nadala wham 
maldiig tlie pilgrimegee, the image ie i e |* eee nt e d ae having then. 
Henoe it it pofmlarly known ae the tUmku, or modd^-fooM image. 

Inside the Knromnn, or Black Gate, ia a heiagonal etone called 
IfoiKMif which is said to lie tlie true center of the ettj. 

In ancient times tliera was a pond in whoee water 0botokii TkieU 
is said to hare hathnd. All tliat now ramains of it is a well, whieh 
is in front of ilie Talebana.s(>ki, or Flowcr^nanging Honee, whero 
orif^inatMl a famnns K'hool in Uie art of floral deooration. Ono-oo- 
Imnko, snp^rintcnilcnt of Bliotokn Taislii's hoosehold, who U^wd 
liosiilo th^ p^nil, was tery fonl of arranRinc flowera Bhenkei, hie 
clrMvndsni of th«» 13tli gonrraiion, liavina the same tastr, eiplored 
tlie inontiuin^ sinl pUins in order to dism\er secrets of naiura thai 
he iniRlit ri^yy in liis art In tlie time of Slienchin, the S7th 
repTOKrntati^f* of the hnnht* ami inheritor of its tasiss, tlie Sbognn 
Ytwlimiitjin imi siliniml his skill as to call him tlie Father of the 
art of arrmiiginT flmmm. Hlifindii, the .^.'Ul representative, wae 
calleil to tlM> fslsco ill instiiict tlie Kmperor Oomisnnoo. A party 
for snaivrina floral <W(irstinns was h«U on the 7th day of the 7th 
motiili in tli<» Klunhmlni, aid gate m) much latisfaction to the 
Kmprror tlist h<» iinl#f«»(l it to h<> n»psat««l annnally. The day ie 
nliH ciU4«rTf«l in tli«* trinpW*, and, ss llie oU calendar is oteerved,ii 
coni«*« si ilir iim^ when nhrvsantlt^mnms are in bloom. 

M yoniAnji. 'l^*^* temple, which in also ralk^ Myotivmn, ie on 
Ti^iiisrlii Hi. ii«Mitli nt Ni>>. It is the prtnrtpal temple of the 
Myonisriji <li\iftion of tlie Nirhiritn sf»rt, ami as such has 6M) ciher 
irrnpli^fi ntkirr itii jtiriNliriinn. Nirliijli Rlionin, its foonder, 
tliniii'li oripituilly of tlir Trndat si^t Slid tli<> l^tnrtpal of ilie Hod- 
dliii^t roUtfv^ on Mt. Hiei, was gisatly impivssftl by an inlarview 
wliicli lie had witlt Niehiien whoee dodriaee be eooa e mla a mJ i Uk 



100 

1386 he founded a temple on Mnromachi St and Bokajo, wliioh 
liaying passed Uirongh the usual experience of nmny oonflsgrations 
and ramoTals, finally reached Uie present location. Here again it 
was burned in the tmnnlts of 18C4. The present Hondo, or Main 
Hall, was bnilt in 1891. It contains the saored phrase of seiren 
oharaoters, an image of Shaka, and tlie representation of JikkaL 

Soshido, which contains images of Kichiren and Niohiju, was 
built in 1865. Before it is tlie well of Naltagawa which is considered 
one of the seven best wells in Kyoto. It is said that in olden timea 
there were three streams of water running through tlie dty from 
north to south. Two of these still exist as the Kamo and Katsura 
Rivers; but tlie tliird, whidi was called Kyogoku^wahasdisappeared. 
Some suppose tliat it may have been where is now tlie Teramaohi 
St., and have long since become subterranean. In confirmation of 
such a theory, the water in the well is said to be constantly flowing 
towards the south. Within tlio grounds of tho toniplo is the garden 
called Jojn-in. It is said Uiat tliis as also the ganlous at (lion and 
Kiyomizu were made by the poet Matsunaga Teitoku, the tliree 
being designated in the order above given the ''Gardens of Snow, 
Flowers, and Moon." 

A famous bell cast in 944, which originally belonged to the tem- 
ple of Dojoji in tlie province of Kii, was, after the burning of tliat 
temple, moved from place to place until in 1589 it was presente<l to 
Myunianji. Havin;^ Ixwii molted in tho Hit) of 1804 it was ro-cost 
in its original form. 

Honnoji. This temple, situated on Teramachi and Otihikoji, 
has jurisdiction over 220 others belonging to the Happou diviuiou 
of the Nidiiren sect Nichiryn, its founder, was the fouitl) abbot 
of Myokenji; but, liaving established the Happon division of the Beet 
to which he belonged, he built this temple in 1418. It was in tliis 
temple, Uien located on Aburanokoji, south of Bokkaku, that Oda 
Nobunoga was slain by his faithless subject Akochi Mitsuhide. 
Seven years later it was removed to Uie present site. Having been 
burned in 1864, tliere now remain only a temporary Hondo and 
tliree minor halls. The tomb of Nobuiiaga is marked by a stone 
monument made in five divisions. 

Among tlie treasures of the temple are on eating table of Chiuese 
workmanship, carved and decorated with gold; an old inoense jar 
with legs ill shape of frog's feet; representations of Sliaka's Sixteen 
Disciples by Clio Densu; relics of Nobunoga, etc 

ShinkyogokU ^ tlie most lively place in tlie city. It lies 
between Sliijo and Sanjo, being the next street to Teramadii. In 



it m Uieftlsri, jngglOTi, top npinners, ^nryMllnu^ phoiognplMny 
miUanuitii, billUrd IiaIIk, and iihopii of TarioiM deaaripiioiit. Hm 
omiM oronds of people for walking, •muMment, and dioppin^;. II 
waff fonnerly a qiiiel ttnei with many lempkia of which a few 
remain, thooRh ilieir gronndi liave been greatly reduced in ite, 
Ainon;; tliem ie Saigwanjit 0*^ o^ ^i* principal lemplee of tha 
Heixan diriiion of tlie Judo eeet It was origiiially foondad al 
Nara by tlie Emperor Tsnchi in (HVo. He Kare older to two aonlp. 
tors that each ilionU oanre one half of an image of Doddha, Iha 
work to )« done without ooniraltin({ each other. On the eooeliiaioa 
of tlieir labori it waa foond tliat tlie two parts eiacUy iMed each 
other no an to make a perfect elatiie which was inatalM within the 
new edifloe. Tlie temple was afterwaida removed withthe eapital 
t«t NAf;a«ika where it remained nntil birnetl in the Ojin war of Um 
loili oontiiry. It wan relmilt in tlie preeent Rile hy Tnyoiomi Hida- 
yo«Iii. The luiiMinTu Iuitc since tlien bran nereml times destroyed 
I7 fire; the laid of tliom diwuiters being in ItfCi. 

Ab«>tit lialf a ckl ■r>titli of Heigwanji in tlie tomb of Iiumishikiba, 
a nnisd writer and pocU»*ii of the htih century whufle woiks are 
nw*Jionf«l among the Japaiiev ola«iiini. Almtit tlie tnmb are mai^ 
tooUilnmlien, it \ipins, a ctiRtom for tliom* who, in aniiwer to pra}'ere 
o(1i*rcil liero, arc nthcvMl from toothaclie, to oHor a pair of Igu s h ae. 
It in not known why (his plane in clioi^n for tiidi petitiona. Near 
I17 in the tomb of Kocaranlii (lonimt, aUo noli^l an a poet. 

Takoyaknshi. <^ HtHMhitt temple in miiiikyngnku, has an 
iniagr of Vsktmhi Nyorai tliat was carded l<y Denkyo Daishi, tlie 
fonmlrr of tlw* T<>iMlai wot lii^nrl mvi tliat tlie tma^s lay for 
fifty yrsm Imrifti in a Talkn- of Mt \\\**\ until it wap dug np by a 
man nanml Rinnlin who IiaiI bMn ti>M in adr«am of its eiivt^nae 
tlirio, ami who sfWrwardR built for it a U*tnple namnl Tani ^Valley) 
Yaku«hi, on tli«» mnM*r of Nijo and Mmomarhi. In tlie mtdille of 
tin* Mtli o(>ntur>* tlio (<> in pU» was rf^ino^eiit*) tlie present place by tlie 
prie«t Zrnko. Anothra l^getkl, which cislcavots to arcnnnt for tlie 
fbKi |iAxt of its natty*, Mva that oim* flay as /<4»nko was walking 
tlirotigh tli«» ittirft, rarr^'iii;; a cnttle-fif>h ,lriln> tliat he was taking 
as a p ft to Ilia motlifv, li^ mei an intoiiraind man who matched 
the parnrl. /(>nko fMOfxl h»«t lie micht bs put to sliame, since 
BufMbiPin r^|uir<Hi pri4ist« to arnid animal food; bat when the 
otlier hsil tak^n t4l tlie ft»%«*ring, tlic mttls-fbih had been mimco- 
lon»lY tran»f«irm«sl inti> a H'Mklhist liook. 

Sakarenffe, ^*^^ pmprrly called Anyd>, is a little sovlh of 
Takoyakushi Temple. It was founded in WW by a noted prim 



19S 

pained Eshin, at Taema in the provinoe of Yamatd, whenoe it wai 
removed to ihe present site, near tlie close of the 11th aentmy. 
T\ke .name which signifies Lotas-flower Upside^own, refers to an 
image which represents Amida as seated on sudi a liower. 

Nishiki-no-Tenjiil, situated at tlie eastern extremity of 
Niahiki-no-koji, contains a picture drawn ly Sugawara Michisaiie 
and left to his father Koreyoshi when the sage was about going into 
exile. The shrine was formerly connected with the Buddhist 
temple of Kwangikoji, the separation being made after the 
Restoration of 1863. 

Kwangikoji i^ ^^ principal temple of tlie Rokujo division of 
the Ji sect. It possesses what is called the "Rokuj5 Life of Ippen 
Shonin" (the founder of the sect) in 12 volumes, illustrated by 
Tosa En-i-hogen. 

Konrenji, on tlie nortliern side of the Sakaiza Theater, is the 
principal temple of tlie Sliijo division of tlie Ji sect, aikl has 25 
other temples under its jurisdiction. It was founded by Joa 
Slionin in 1506, tlie present building dating from 1825. The 
principal image, which is of Amida, was made by Gyoki Bosatsu. 
The image in Shakado, a temple to the soutliwe&t, is said to have 
been made from tlie same piece of wood as the one in the Shakado 
of Saga, and by the same person. The image in Bentendu, which 
is east of the front gate, was made by Kobo Daishi. 

Theaters. 

. Tlie principal theaters of Kyoto, are the following, Uioro being 
performances boUi in tlio daytUne and at night: — 

Qionza, Hanamikoji, Oion-maclii. 

Minamiza, East end of Shijo Bridge. 

Sakaiza, Shinkyogoku, above Shijo. 

Tokiwaza, '* below Saiijo. 

Sembonza, Sembon, Iclii jo. 

Fukuiza, Shinkyogoku. 

Ebisuza, " 

The last two have only female performers. 
The origin of Japanese theaters is attributed to Kyoto whore 
in the Eiroku period (1558-1569) a person named Nagoya Sanzae- 
mon gathered boys and girls who could dance, in order tliat they 
might give tlieatrical entertainments on the grass-plot at Kitano. 
Hence the name sA(6(u(sitting on the grass) by which theaters are 
still known. These entextainments were sopn prohibited by the 



go?«mnieiil at at beinx detrimmlal to moiala. In Hm Maifald 
pariod (1666-lGS0)aparaon<mll«l Mnrayama Matabai golp—nlwion 
from the Rovommant (or ooiidiietiii«{ thaalariaal parfonnaBOia 
on the (try bed of the Kamo RiTer. From aaeh aihibitioBa 
tlie iwewnt forma liave dereloped. 

One peculiar airangament in a JafMineae theatar iaapawfieaUad 
km amkhi (lloweiy way) tliat extenda from one dda of Um altfa 
tiirongli tlie liall where the audience it leated. 1^ thia paaaafi tha 
aotora, wlien repreaenting pertont atarting on a }otiroegr or ittmmias, 
leave or enter the itafa. There are aometimea two of thaaa palhap 
TIm main ataga ia airanfced like a torn-table, ao thai while 
MviM* in bning repreaanted upon the front, another ia betnf 
bnliind. 'Hie ilramaa moat frequently played are baaed npon hi^ 
tfirtml fir loROiiilary nmiiTTonnoa. 

In aililitinii to tlio dialogue oarriod nn liy tlie aetora, than la 
frei|iicntly a olifmiit, with «imiwN aoconipaniment, eanied on by 
iiniKHtit poTPofM to tlM> riglit of tlie itagn. Wliile tliay explain tlia 
eiiHitioiM aiid cliaractera of tlie dniuuiiM yentomfy the aotora make 
a|ipropriate genturen. 

Miyftko Odori. 

'riiin (Ifincip, wliirli in peculiar to Kyotn, it performed from the 
M to ih(* 2 il of Ai^il at tlio hihwrnj.i (training plaee for 
f*iilii) of (fiiiit llnniiinikiijt. 'Hie fita|:e it timilar to tliat of a 
tn<l litN two h/imimtrkL In tlie right liand upper ^leiyaitlan 
fiiii|:ci« witb AriftijArji. Their nongt are mmpoteil anew evary year. In 
tli4« Irft pillf*n' tif trn girU «)io )«ei dnunt and anuamt. To the 
an'nin)iiinifiirtit of thin iiiu^ir, thirty-two <lanrini!«girlt, all 
in (li# Mine nitniirr, prtMiml alowly tli»ng thi* AminmidU to the 
wlirrn tliry |««rfoTm tlieir dAni^rt, tlie ivrtwrT beintt diangnl 
tiiii<*» (liiriii.' the rntertainiiient. I'lu* entranne tirkelt are SUtaa 
fiiili. 

TeA-hoase QoArters. 



In ihfTor^iit paibi of tin* city are qnartfrm |ti\An up to taa>l 
dtii'Mii^* i;if I", mill (|ii>rp|»iit*)ilA women. 

(hoimmrlii la i*»jkt of Hliijii ltfi(||:r, ami we«t of Yataka Temple. 
Irltiiikito, orw» of tlie hnnM«, i« mmI to ha%e been tieqnantad by 
6tklii Yo*lu'», tlie leailer of tlie Forty-te^en Ronin. Tlio«i;!h hia 
vi«it« to ihi* hoiiM* Ate liint'Mical, it i» |ielie\^ tliat he dul n<«t go 
Vi tlio rit4Mit itn|iheil in tlw drama of 'Hliuahinguia,'* and hia 
alhaiico with okaiu it |iurely Aeiitiunai 



IM 

: 'Pontodio ii on tlM VMi Uak of the Xabio Biw bsfewtm ShiJS 
MidBhiJo. 

IfiyafEMnMho is on the eaal teak of iiie Kamo Biver, tonlli of 
gliijd Briaga. 

ghkhijodiinehi ii tooth-wett of OojS Bridgs. 
: Bbimalitift ii a ihori distenoe lontli-weBt of the oilgr. 

gfjnt A{ ffiijlMm And OoliMiolio ftro At iha norUi-nMt ond of IIm 



AMA-NO-HASHIDATE AND 
OTHER PLACES OF INTEREST IN 

ITS VICINITY. 



Those who un fond of 'naloral '■esMiy will Had UMmtliPit mil 
repaid for a trip to AmA-Do Haaliidato in tlit provioM of Tunfa 
It it widsly aeWbi«ltd M one of the "Thrts Fin* Vi^wt'* of TipiB^ 
the othera Mng MAiradiinia near Bendai end lliyeJiBA near 
Hiroeliima. It ii jnit weei of MtyAin, a eeapoii thiil in oa tfaiaa 
■idee by monntaine and haTing a good harbor. The town, wlikli 
ti about 86 ri from Kyoto, prodnoee ompe, raw mJIk^ and laluaa 
marine prodtiote. It liae oonuderable trade bjr land and eeik 

Miyaia oan be readied by jimikiaha, the road peering throat 
Um towns of Kemeoka, Sonobe, Hinokiyama, Oknbo, Ubara^ Iknao^ 
Fnkueliiyama, Komori, and Tom, Tliere ie a line of eoaebei, bol 
foreign touriste are not likely to oliooee them. 

Miyaiu can also be reached by taking the railroad to Teoragai 
Aod ilienoe by a imall steamer that makes the trip in about 7 hoon^ 

Tlie return msy be made by way of Maitnm, wliere the Foorth 
Nsval Station is to be established, and whioh is about 2A ri Iqr luid 
from Kyoto. 

AlDA-no HMhidate ^ ^ narrow strip of land about a ri fai 
lenglli wliieli divides Uie waters of Uie bay from a large legooo 
lying to tlie west. Upon it ktow largs numbers of pine treee to 
wliicli miirh of its )«auty is ow.ng. By tlie Japanese it is eompared 
to a drsf^nii sleeping upon tlie water; or, more aptly, to a bridgi 
crossing o«er tlie silvery waves. Kormerly it furnished an unbrokea 
passage from shore to sliore, while tlie waters inside were fraeh; 
hilt iie%^rsl deflsdee ego the waves broke tlirongh near tlie Miyaai 
eml wliere is now the Kerry of Kireto, or Ferry of the PhioeCut Open, 
aU>tit Xjo yils. w»d^ Near tliis ferry is a place ealled Itiiinelen, 
tliickly planted witli pine treee and liaving a shrine dediealid tQ 
llashulats Myoj;n. Heside tlie sltrine is a spring of pure «al« 
ealWvl Isosltimitn. Tlie charms of tlie scenery clienfi with the 
reasons. In uprinp, tlie snowy mist often yields giadnally to the 
rays of the sun no that tlie trees slowly emerfp from tlie gloom thai 
rnwTSppM Uiem. In summer, onnl breeses from tlie eea Moaa 
tIiroii|;li Uie k«aiM*liee whose tiisds fiirms a pleasant retreat from 
Uie sun. Tlie autumn eveniii^i are beautified by the rsdeetioo of 
the moonlit from the watee bnaking oo tha there; wliila ia 



.JJJH i-^ ■ J-IL ' L^. , ■ !■ ! 



196 

winter flocflu of seft^^U add a new feature to the eoene. 

TboM not familiar with the plaoe will find it of advantap;e to 
have with them some one who can point out tlie best views. Tliose 
who wish to see Hashidate thoroughly will olimb to the top of 
Nariai-zan and to Ojhi-toge. 

Monjn. About 5 ehl north-west of Miyazu, along the sea-ooast, 
is Niwatori-snlca. Thenoe passing Kataye-no-matsu and Rynto-no- 
matsu, both having fine views, one reaches the temple of Gotai-san 
Chionji with a gate called Ogon-kaku, or Gold I'avilion. Tlie 
principal building, erected about a thousand years ago, has an image 
of Monju Bosatsu. In ancient times there was a slurine to the 
Shinto deity Yosa; but it was changed to a Buddhist temple in the 
time of the Emperor Yomei (586—687). From here there is wliat 
is sometimes called tlie Ferry of Kireto, but the real ferry is from 
Monjo-mura. In front of the gate are tea-houpes which are mudi 
frequented by tliose who come to see the scenery. 

Seya-san Nariaiji, ^^ on a mountain is ch3 high at Fuclm- 
muia, north of Hashidate. It was built in the reign of the Em- 
peror Temmu (673 — 695); and contains an image of Slio Kwanzeou. 
The images of Nio in Niomon were made by Unkei, and Uie bell- 
tower was built by Hidari Jingoro. Half way up to the temple is a 
plaoe called Torin-no-chi, which efforts a beautiful view of EUishi- 
date. 

Oppama. Two ri east of Miyazu is a beadi (i or 7 cho long 
and one cho wide, covered with pure white sand, in which beautiful 
shells are sometimes found. Tlie mountain ranges of Echizen 
are visible in the distance, while near by are Kamurijima (Hat 
Island) and Kutsujima (Shoe Island). 

Komori Jinsha is ^ Shinto shrine at tlie base of Naiiai-san, 
about 10 cKo from Ejiri-mura at the northern end of Hashidate. The 
principal deity is said by some to be Izanagi-uo-Mikoto ; but others 
consider that the spirit of Hashidate is worshiped here. It can not 
be doubted that the shrine has been here from very ancient times. 
A tablet with tlie diaracters JE-'fk'SiiCKvt writteu by Ouo-uo- 
Tofa and anoUier by Sangi Sukemasa were given to the temple by 
Imxwrial order. Tlie grounds include only a little over an acre; but 
the mountain in the rear and the sea in front make it a delightful 
pUioe. 



197 

THE 
PRINCIPAL MANUFACTURES 

OF KYOTO. 

An in Aiicimit iiiiuM, im now, Kyuio miiy iiroporly be ttrmeil IIm 
** Center of jA|)Aiieee Art IndoHtriet.** Ainonj^ ilie mftoy soodt 
nuinufActnred, mme of the prindpal are tliown in Um foUowinf 
tablee giving tlie latest etfttisfcieB. 

Viihijin Fabrics. 

Value of Annual lYodnoi yai 10,901^99 

Na <if KitUbliftliinentii, 8,819 

Handii employed (Male lo,2l0, Female 13,011X M,29a 

Kanoko^shibori (akmio/wrinkMempe). 

Value nt Annual PrfMluct^ yen SS^SUO 

No. of I>tahliiihni«*nti«, S£ 

Handft etitplnjed (KemalfH), 890 

Embroidery. 

Value ef Annual lYmlurt, yen 978,600 

No. of I'>UUiK]iinent% 470 

liamln emplm-ed y Male rt^T, Female 8rir>\ l,9ol 

Cords and Braids. 

Value of Annual IVodiirt, yp« 677,610 

N«». F>UMiitlinienU, 108 

Ilan«lR f niplojej, IW7 

Dyeing. 

Valti#» nt Annual I^culuci, fm 607,M9 

No. iif h>taMi»hrnontfi, 1/193 

liantU rnipUnt^l ^Male 1,720, FeiMile 490) 9,149 

Awata Pottery. 

Value of Annual Produri, ym 99,690 

No. F^UMi«hmeutc, 11 

Handi employed, 876 



108 

Kiyomini Pottery. 

Yalnaof Annnil Plrodiiok, ym 218,607 

Na BgUbliihmenU, 68 

HMidi emplogf«d (lAda 860, EBmAle 50), 400 

Copper Ware. 

Valiie of Annnil Prodnot, ....ym 181,604 

No. of Estobliihiiienti, 84 

HiiidiemploTed, 860 

Other Metal Ware. 

Valoaof Axunnl Firodoot,. ysA 60,610 

Na of EBUblishmenti, 83 

Hftndi employadi 160 

Lacquer Ware. 

Value of Annual Prodnot, yen 148,179 

No. of EstabliBhments, 280 

HandB employed^ • 635 

Folding Fans. 

Value of Annual Product yen 118,548 

No. of Annual Product, 00 

Hands employed (Male 001, Female 292) I,li3 

Flat Fans. 

Value of Annual Product, yen 67,760 

No. of EstabliBhments, 40 

Hands employed (Male 90, Female 70), 160 

Toys. 

Value of Annual Product, yen 23^940 

No. of Establishments, 80 

Hands employed (Male 200, Female 150) 350 

Gold and Silver Foils. 

Value of Annual Product, % % yen 142,740 

No. ofEstabliahments, ** 39 

Hands employed, . .; ** 1,509 



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I9i 

The following is ftn onitine iketoh of the hiilaiy and i^mnl 
eondiiion of lome of Um induntriM. 

Hithijin Silk Wemving. The indnetry of tUk vetrinf hM 
eiiMed from eerly iimeii. Tlie oldest reootds speek of the PriMMi 
TsnshiU M being skillfnl in weaving silk and oiher mtikuiah. 
Hie fahrios of ftncient times were of s poorer quality, thinaar, end 
nerrower ttien it pieseni In later periods the weavere imJtaled 
foreign fsfarios or improved tlieir own, end prodoeed soeh artielea ae 
faroeedes, twilled silks, sstin demssk, hakata (heavy eilk need for 
sBslies) and Uie drees«oods eelled kAtdai and immm^ ttOuweaf- 
ing received a new impetus in the reign of the B mp M ui Chiai (l9t- 
9<Mi\ wlien prestntfl of gsaae and otlier fairies f rem flhiiagi, * 
KiiHilom in andent Coma, for tlie trH time levealad to Jtpaa tfia 
eioellenee of foreiim silks. It is rseoided tlial in tha raigB ol Iha 
Kmperar Gjin (970319) tlie King of Kodsra, snotlisr Coreao King- 



dom, nent him a wesver nsmed Ssiso. Nintokn, tlie neit „,.,.^^. 
sent clsnsmeo of Heds, who were descends nts of naiamUaea 
Cliinsmen, to sll perts of tlie oonntiy tliat they might leaeh the 
people to Tsife silk worms snd wesve tlie silk. Like meqy of his 
Pueoe«ik>ni, tlie Rmperor Tttryskn (4 56-170) still farther enoomaged 
tlie indiwtry. He sent officers to Chins who brought beck two 
f4»ms)e wmvers snd two sesmwtre s w s . He also instttateii a sort of 
silk eiliibition snd regulsfed the work of the Hade clsnemeiL 
When in 704 tlie Rmprror Kwemmn esteblislied the eapilsl in 
Kjoio lie or^iniBsd an ofllce for the silk indostrjr of whieh the eity 
hss Rinoe bsen tlie oenter. In tlie reign of Sujakn (9S 1-646), whaa 
Rnmitomo snd Msssksdo revolted, tlie industry suflered a deelioe, 
and in tlie ^jin war of the l(th century it wee ahaoal 
rvtmpletely min^d. It bsgan to revive nnd« Hideyoshi, in whose 
time Cliin^M wraters came to Hakai, then a flourishing 
•es-port, and tanicht the people how to weave «4iAi (a thin ganaeX 
hrocsde, gold Isoflsde, damask, and tlie plain silk used under Ibe 
Mine dynsAtj tlien niling Cliina. The Tokngawa Shogune favomd 
tlie indtittry, ss did many of tlie frreat fendal lords, notably those of 
Yoneiawa and Fuktioka. Weaving was esteasively saiTisd oo In 
tlie eauism provinres and elsewliere. 

It WM in tlie Tenalio peiind (1673^1591) that a weaver of BUsa 
raiiM» to Niihijin, the present weavers* quarleis of Kyoto, where ho 
liriidum] hrttriides ami otlier silks. Bi>on Bskai was sorpaesed by 
Ni*lnjin in the etrelleney of its prtidnrts. ^ys, or twillsd ailk| 
wan fint tnsds tliers. Gold brocade, dsmssk, Mtin, and oiher 
fabrics for which Kyoto is noted, dale froai about the 



Velvet, made in imHetion of thet bronf^ hj the Diitoh, «ae Ami 
made Igr a Kyoto weaver in the Keibho period (1506—1614). The 
origin of enqpe ia not known, hot it ia nid to have heen made aa 
earty aa 1166. It waa produoed in Kyoto during the Teneho period 
(1578—1501), and from there the art waa tnuoamitted to Kirin and 
other phusea. , 

The weaving in Nialiijin ia done upon hand-looma of the old 
alyle, ilioQfl^ a few modem improvementa, anch ai tlie Jaoqnanl 
ayatem, have heen recently introdnoed. The weaven^ aoooiding to 
their employment, have variona free aaaooiationa, audh aa the 
Moy&aha^ or Piotore Weave]r*a Quild; the Kinransha, or SiUc 
Brooade Qnild; the GliirimenBha, or Onpe Qnild; Ac 

For the beetknown weavera aee Prelbninaiy Information. 

Kanoko-shiborL ^^^ prooeaa of making thia variety of ovape 
ia thna deaerihed in Prof. Rein's excellent work on «The Indnatriea 
of Japan.*' 

^ Kanoko, Kanoko-aliihori, or Kanoko-slia-oliirimen, is the name 
of a peculiar, light, deeply winkled silk stuff whioli is used by 
Japanese women as a hair ornament or neck hand, made into ilie 
form of a roll with tassels at the ends. Kcmoho is tlie best material 
for both these purposes. It is usually dyed a beautiful red on 
violet color, with larger or smaller round white spots, regularly 
scattered over it in reticular form at intervals of one centimeter or 
more. It is made only in Kyoto, and in the following manner. 
Two breadths of a veiy light crape made in tlie province of Tango 
, are taken just aa they come from tlie loom, stiffened, and pasted 
togetlier witli I^haiori (sea-weed paste). Wlien dry, the pattoiii 
is drawn, usually strai^it linos crossing each otlier at riglit angles, 
then tlie material is nibbed tliorouglily with tlio hands to make it 
soft and pliant again. 'When tliis is done, tlie under-binding 
follows. For this process, a frame on which a brass hook is 
fastened ia commonly used. Tlie fal)ric is caught on tliis hook 
and pulled out, at each crossing of the lines in tlie design, and Uien 
bound fast undemeatli with several windings of hemp thread. 
This knotting of Kanoko-cliirimen is a tedious unpaying process, 
falling usually to old women and diildren. When the under-binding 
is finished, then follows the batli,and dyeing, diying, andstietching of 
the deeply wrinkled material. Tlie tlireo^ls used for under-binding 
become free and are pulled out, and the under-bound spots make a 
white pattern on Uie Turkish red, peadi-blossoin, or violet ground." 

Embroidery ia one of the ancient arts of Japan. Being re. 
garded as a part of female education, most women have considerable 



ddll in thii kind of work: bnt the bMt aitielM m mftdt hf 

Rmbroidered eloHii m ohietly used in eoart robes ^^r Uie 

of Minn and Bobdhist prtenU, for ilM eollnt tod otlier pirii ol 

women*! dre w ee, end es /dhMM or tilk wreppingi laed lor oovcriag 

leeMnlff, 

'Ilie Rilk or woolen meWiel to lie ormunenM ie e tw l e lied om 
a fr«nie whieli in nu^ed on wooden enpp<vte eo tluU ilie needle BMiy 
beeenily put tlirongli fron eiUier tide. Birdi, Howe te ^ tad other 
deeisnn ere ftrRt drewn for e pettern, or elee era etitehed with a free 
henddireHly upon tlie meteriel. Often tlie embroideiy ii ddllfttllj 
eombiiwd with peintin?, or witli tlw designe of figured eilk or 
brooede, thne firing e fertlier deooretion in relief. Ileiqr of theee 
beentifnl end ertintie goods eie now wnt to foreign oomitriee. 

TlioM moftt often eipoited ere iicreene, enitein%pillow-eot«e| leble 
elotlm, Ac 

Silk Thread and Braids. The origin of thie indaeliy Is 
too old to 1« diMtinitly treoed. Darin:( the reign of the fTrnfeei 
Baikn (uQ5-4>24) tliere wak e greet edvenoe inCivilieetion. She ffwitly 
enrounii;:^ indiwtrimi, end meoj eitirlM bi>|:en to be meinifMV 
tnreil from nUu At e Uto periiMl, wlien oAeiel nniforme were 
intrndncftl, e pleitMl hreid nemed *'Ainv»** wee need. Ai it wee 
iiitrmlnceil \rf e (*nr<wn, itn mennferttir^ wen eelleil *' Careen pleii> 
infi." Ttie inthwtry throre wlien Nera wee tlie mpitel, in the flrel 
pert nf the Hth oentnrv, end eren mnre efter tlie Imperial Reeidtnoe 
wen eAtJihliiilied in KW)t(t. A wrtein put of tlie Palaoe groande 
wan aMtfniftl in the workem in tilk. It wan called '* ItfKdokoro** 
or "Thread I'lare." lime wan prepareil tlie thread i»ed fnr making 
kn^whtmn, a porn liar ftrnament made of tarie^ited tlireade knitted 
into • Ur^.'e )«ll at the top ami left li>me below. It wee linrtt np In 
Uie honw> nu a critmn daT in »prin;:, aa a clierm to fveeervetlie 
inmnten nf the hmifte from diiieaw. In the name /^«/oftnn> were mede 
threaiU of fi^e rolom wmI by BtnUhiiitii in what wee ealled tlie 
**Iiitter SeTentlwIaT C^nemnny.** At tlie Kyoto Conrt tliere 
a Wrft\ini; I »epaitin<»nt ai«l an Rmlroitlery Department rrtm 
aikl (*<i'irt lihlteH hihl carria.*e« riehly i|e(*<iratad with golden, eilver, 
aikl «ttlier rtynU. Dunn,' the l3th nentnry, wlien tlie Minamoto 
ami Taira rUn« were fttrngghng fur power, tlieir armoora were 
wmlwl with utrong threedn of Teriout rolom. Tliia kind of amoor 
wait railed nhm/u. In tlw Hjin wart of tlie iTith iwntiiry, whieli did 
•«i iniirh injury to tlie city, tlie number nf threatl-makere wae enn> 
iiideralJy Uwiened, but tliey iiwreeeed e^un nnder the 
ftlminiMration of Togrotomi HidsToehi, when plaited rihboae 




AS the himo, kakeOf and tBuyurhimo, were neoessary Appehd«0a8 to the 
onremonUl gurments of the time. The Buddhist priesta also uaed 
many saoh coidi and braids for their robei. When the Tokugawa 
dynasty oame into power, 800 feudal laxda soattered over Japan were 
required every year to make visits to the Shoguns. Their rivahy 
led to a great demand for these articles to adorn the dresses of them- 
selves and their reiainers. When in 1861 Prinoess Kazuno-miya 
went to Tedb to be married to tlie Shogun, the carriage in which 
she rode was made with cords whoae value was 10,000 ryo at nearly 
100,000 dollars. 

At present, silk cords are much used for the fastenings of the 
haori (upper garm9nt) and for the small belt, called o6i;tme, used by 
ladies for securing more tightly their faroad sashes. Silk is much 
need for weaving, for emfaroidoy, and also for fish-lines. 

The manufacture of silk strings for musical instruments is very 
ancient The Emperors Inkio (412 — i6'A\ Mommu (607-707), and 
Nimmyo (83 1 — 850) are all said to have been fond of the liarp and 
to have encouraged the making of strings. Tlie aamisen is a more 
modem instrument. It was first made by a blind man in the city of 
Sakai during the Tensho period (1131 — 1132). Although now made 
almost every where in Japan, tlie best instruments are made in Kyoto. 
A celebrated musical genius named Takemoto Gidayu invented a 
peculiar kind of aamiaeii string known asftUo-aao. 

Gold and silver threads are made by first pasting leaf gold or 
silver on thin paper, which is then cut into strips and twisted 
around strong tlnread. They are much used in weaving and em- 
broideiy. Both of them were profusely employed in Hideyoshi's 
time. Since tlien Kyoto is Uie only place in Japan whore they are 
made. 

During the Tempo period (1830 — 1844), when the industry was 
in its most fiourisliing condition, a union was established among 
the makers of silk tlueads and bi-aids. A branoh olfice was establish- 
ed in Tokyo where much braid was used in the decoration of 
swords. In 1883 a new union was established in place of the old, 
and again reorganized in 1803. 

Dyeing. ^^ connection with weaving, this industiy has lx)on 
carried on in Kyoto from early tunes; and tlie great skill thus 
acquired has led people of other localities, despairing of competition 
with the Kyoto dyers, to attribute the excellent results attained to 
the superior quality of the water in the Kamo River. Tlie celebrat. 
ed ynzen dyeing is only one branch of the trade. Besides the old 
dye-stufls such aa ai, or indigo; 6em, or saffron; oAxins, or Indian 



midte; and Miro, or mpuk wood; Um AaiUiM and ottitr ohtmfaal 
^fM of Europe Me now being mora and mora eitenilve^ onplogfed. 

TVsen or Dyed Fabries. •* J'«« »• » oompraheMl^ ivm 

inolodiim ell ilioee delieele mUl febrkse on e^eh iwiooe deeifDe 
era eaeonted 1^ e tpeoiel proeeee lliel bee elweye been the eiolaBlve 
poeeeMion of Kyoio 4yerB whoee liiglily ertistie leele end ddUhd 
hendtwofk era the prinoipel egendee in meking thie eiqnielte 
meterUl. To theee most be eddsd the deer weten ol the Kam» 
River which eeeily combine with both Jepeneee end fonifB ^jm^ 
end era of greet emiitence in perfecting the nneqaeled oolora thel 
glow in the elegant prodnota of the Kjoto loome.** The proneei 
coneiflU in painting tlie pettem on tlie eilk febriOi for which pmpoee 
tlie upecefi l«tween tlie figarae of tlie deeign era covered with Mr^ 
or paiite, to protect from capilleiy attraction and the ranaing ol 
tlie eolom at ilie edaeii. After the painting ii completed, the mari ie 
tlioronglily dipnolved hf eteeming eml eepenited from the weteriel. 
This restorcn tlie Rilk to ita originel ataic cicept that the painted 
dscisnji are distinctly ami pennanently flied on the rarfece. 

Autliort difE^ an to tlie dale wlicn 49^ing wee flnt pceelieed in 
Kyoto; but, mimming np the hiatoric feda, it maj be 
tliat rStif«ti, or the application of wai, and W#hi, or the 
of tying up the poiiioni not to be 4yed, wera known ea early aa 71u. 
Durii^ the civil warn of tlie early middle agaa, 4r*iag enftved 
neglect in common witlt otiier indnctriee. It mede little piugraee 
itittil tlio ilnvo of Y'nttn^ e famoni prieat end eitiet in one of the 
BiuUhifit lemplea of Kyoto, who to improved ettating methode end 
reTi%eil the inthiirtry tliat liin name liaii ever ainne been epplied to 
Uie procens 'y»i <leiirrilMi Tl«e malerialii to be dyad aie either vel- 
vet (^the product being /?wTirio-yiirii\ or ordinary aiUu end the 
variniin kioinU of rrape. Tlie d««ii;nii to be eiertiled may be of eny 
kind, either larpe or itmall, timple or nmiplei, ancient or moderai 

Pottery. h'yMi^ynh^ or Kyoto vrare, ineiudaa all the verietiee 
made in the city; cftmpriiiiiig tlie Awata, Ktyomiiu, Rakni Kenma, 

aul FJrakii waiet ; thoui;li the leat two veheliee era no 
prodiireil. 

Amtiia tfvo^. The origin of tliia it not certainly known. 
ing t4> tradition it dales from the early year* of the Tampkt period 
(730-74w\ when a prie»t of Mi !-»hiwo in Vj^ made pottery in the 
villnpfi of Yamaphina, vome diftlanoe aaet of tlie prarant A\ 
Toward the eml of tlia Keicho peru^ r luM-lAU) a potter 
Kiiemnn, lutug at Awataguelii, pnt tlie name Awaie on all the 
erticlea lie made, end ainoe then ell the wavee leuJiwed theee haie 



i m ii in !■ rrr tm ■ Mrnil ii m m at tamami^mM 



804 

been known hy that name. In the Meiroki period (l6o5-l657) 
Chawanya Kifibei transmitted to Nonomura Ninsei the art practiced 
in Hisen of painting pictureB with gold upon porcelain. The 
wares prodnoed in Awata have been perfected by improving the 
6tren{«th and coloring as well as the decoration. Tliey have gained 
a good reputation both at home and in foraign lands. Hie factories 
are all clustered at the eastern end of Sanjo, on botli sides of Uie 
road leading to 0tsu. Three or four dififorent kinds of clay are used. 
The yellowisli glaze^s obtained by mixing equal parte of a pulverized 
^tone with ashes derived from the waste of the indigo plant. The 
work shops are well worth visiting. Kinkozan Sobei is the best 
known manufacturer. 

. KiyonwM imuv. Though ite origin is unknown, this ware doubtless 
aroee from tlie same source as tliat of Awata. At first it was mads 
in the village of Seikanji; but about the beginning of the 17th 
century the factories wei'e removed to the present place, Gojozaka, at 
the eastern cud of Goju. The coloring aiul painting witli gold wore 
teuglit by Chawanya Kiubeiand Nonomura Ninsei. The latter erected 
a pottery at Saimeizaka near by where he made specially f)ne ware. 
At the beginning of tlie present century, a man named Kumakiclii, 
who liad learned in Arite, Hizen, the seoiet of making stone porce- 
lain, returned to Kyoto where he introduced radical clianges in the 
metliods of making and painting the ware. Since the opening of 
Japan to foreign commerce still further improvements have been 
made and articles adapted to foreign taste produced. 

The names of the best known manufacturers are given in the 
Preliminary Information. 

Baku ware, Tliis was first introduced in the Eisei period (1504- 
1520) by a Chinaman (or Corean) who became naturalizeid and 

hved in Kyoto where he combined his original name Ameya with 
the Japanese Sokei. After his death he was succeeded in his busi- 
ness by his son Choyu, who was ordered by Hideyoshi in 1583 to 
make earthen-ware of a reddish black color after designs funiished 
by Rikiu, a famous teacher of the tea ceremonies. Hideyoshi was 
so pleased with the articles made tliat he gave Clioyu a seal with 
Uie diaracter f^ Kaku. Similar wares made since tliat time liave 
been marlied in tlie same way. Tliough not much expoiied, this 
pottery is much esteemed by some classes of Japanese. 

Metal Work. The Japanese, having been acquainted from 
ancient times with the principal metels, have showed wonderful 
ingenuity and taste in tlieir use. Tlie introduction of Buddhism 




Preliminary 

l62u) by i> 
li^ed in Kj. 
tbe Japan E> 
nes. by lu« 
make eftrtii 
ly Rikiu, tt 

tlia clinrad 
been loailu 

Ketal 1 



^at^iammmm 



villi its mm iil0M mtiil \m,y gitm a miriBid imptlni lo IIm 
d0\«lopm«iil of tkifl indnslry whiob had to wkb % Mi in Um 6oa> 
■tnietion of tempWt nod oliJMte oonntelad witti wonli^ Tbt higlh 
desTM of ikiU thftl iMd torn ftttaintd fagr mtlil worlMi inllMMifB 
of Ui« Rmparor iib5mii (794—748) it fully atltilid Igr ftlto '— gr, 
%«Mii, oetwor*, and otii«r AiiiolM of Uia* iiiM whioh m fumni 
in Um fAoioiw ItmplM of Kyoto, Nai% and o4lMr pkota* Tht 
periods of intattine war, which ainoa tha 12tfi oanimy foUowad 
one anothv in quick sucoaaaion, could not hava baan favanbla lo 
Ilia cabling of idola and atiiclaa mada of broma. Ihay difalopad 
Ilia induilry in another diiadion; namely, tha prodnatioB ol 
weapona and armour. The aioellant awoida of llaaamimi tad 
oUiem, dating from tliaae timea, aia famoua Ihroi^hoat Ifaa world. 
Tlia inganuity of tlie artiMma waa ihown in tha craamtati ol Iha 
liehnet, of Uie sword, and of the alieatha. With tha riaa of tha 
Tokugawa Sliiignnate and Ilia return of peace, not only waia tbaea 
l«mncbee of industry snpported by tlie damfin and thab numaroaa 
retainerf ; IniI oilier Ivandiea flourislied in Kyoto and otb« oanlffib 
Tlie temporary disturbance caused by tlia aetting aaidi of fainlali— 
and tlie restoimtion of Imperial power luid little efliaot upon o^Mra 
tliun tlie armorers and swoid-smithiL This change waa supplainant 
ed liy new demands upon Ilia industry caused Iqr the opening of the 
country, and marked progress lias already been made in new difa^ 
lions. 

It is said tlial tliere is scarcely any kind of metal omamanlatioa 

with wliirli tlie Japanese were not aoquainted before the renewal ol 

foieign intrrcourse. The various pr o cesees known aa fating, 

emboMioK, beating, taming, diasing, engmving, damaacaninm plaip* 

infc, enamellinic, ami coloring liare long been practiced. "^Piaaioaa 

metals, eopp(»r, Ivonae, and cast iron, however diflsraal their pnv 

'perties may l«, all yi4>ld In tlie skillful hands of the Japanaea, and 

to liis msnifdld art conoeptions, which eOactivaly enpplananA tha 

simphrity of his Imils. Tlie wonderful skill with which apparoal^ 

insiinnotmUble difAeuIiiee in daaeening, chaaiag; and other 

Wfirk are overcome, surfrises us no leee tluui the graat ability to 

work effertiTC cnlor eomhinalions, and tlie means of their rapraea^ 

tation." Tliene ar« Uie words of a Biirnpean eipert on tliia aalgMA; 

and llie artists of Kyoto certainly desarTc a large share of hie yiaiaiL 

RinrlUntwoikisd(*ne in f ikt^ppo aikl sfcipp"»yiK tltat is ci n i amin a 

enamel on porcelain anil copper; Uiough the indueify haa baaa 

astaUislied here for only 8«) or au yaai!^ Namikawa TaaayiU m 

tlia beat known aitlat 



406 

Laoqnar Ware. A« ii the ctm with many oilier aiioi«nt 
indoflfaiBi^ the origin of the mannfaotim of laoqner goode ia not 
doflnitefy known. It ii lald that in the leign of the Bmperor Koan 
(898-991 B, d) there li^ed a man oalled M ilamnino Solmne who ia 
oalled the faUMr of the cbuM of people who engegad in thia indutiy; 
but whether he himself eng*gsd in it or not it nnoertain. When 
Yamatotihe-no-Mikoto, the son of the Bmperor KeOco (71-180 A. D.^ 
wae on a hmiting expedition, lap^ iaaoing from the brandi of a tree 
that he had Irokanofl^ stained hie hand. On seeing the good ooating 
that it prodnoed, he staineed his implements wiUt it^ and thia is 

thought Iqr some to be the origin of its emplojment. Prot Bein 
says^ " As the Japanese owe all their other art industries to Ohina 
and Ooraa, we may be safe in oondading that the laoqner art also^ 
and probably the laoqner tree witli it beoame known to tlie Japanese 
from their western neiglibors jnst after the oommenoement of the 
8d oeniniy, or after their flrat oxpodition to 0(»t)a." In ilio roign of 
the Emperor Kutuku (0-15-051) au olUuo wiut oroatod to suporiuteikd 
the miJung of laoquer goods. Red lacquer was invented In ike 
reign of the Emperor Temmu (673-005), and tlie Emperor Mommu 
(697-707) ordered Uuit those making laoqner ware should put their 
names upon it. Tp encourage tlie planting of trees, he made the 
.sap aooeptable for the payment of taxes. Tlie industry made great 
advanoe during the first half of the 8th oentary, various modes of 
coloring as well as the use of gold and shells for inlaid work being 
adopted. In tlie rebellion raised by Masakado and Siunitomo 

during the reign of tlie Emperor Sujokn (1)31-046), the distiurbod 
state of the country greatly injured this as it did other industries. 
The luxurious habits of nobles living at the capital caused tlie trade 
to recover more quickly al Kyoto than elsewhere; and the artists 
were invited thence by wealthy men in other parts of tlie land.** 
When Yoritomo established the Shogunate at Kamakuia, many of 
tlie workers went there ; but the center of the industry continued to 
be in Kydto. Though it suffared much from tlie civil disturbances of 
succeeding centuries, it was greatly encouraged by the luxurious 
Shoguns of the Aahikaga, and Tokugawa dynasties. The ware forms 
one of the principal expoiis. 

The workers are divided into two classes; the nurimoiioshi oi 
nushiya] and tlie makieshL The former, who do the ground work and 
common lacquering, understand noUiing of tlie other operations, 
and seldom employ precious metals for decoration. The makieihi^ 
while able to do the more common work, are ohielly employed in 



^' 



»»mm 



deeormlingllM wm with datlgiii in gold tad tiXnt dstt TImj wt 
raal Miiits who nm ftlietr brnthas witfi maoh d«U«M|f and ddll; ool 
only working Aoeoidiiig to lli«d patterns, hm alto d»t«lopiof admiis* 
fato creatiT« powcrt of thdr own. 

Tlift mntt irominent nmnnftottiraii an mantionad in tht PraHmi- 
mry hiforroatinn. Tamamoto lUhai it i|iaoial|j boM for Msl^i^ 
or gold laerinar. 

Fans. Than an two olaaaaa of fain; nama^, Mliaa, cr iai 
fang, and «ii0ii, or folding tana. Tha f ormar hava baaa flOHida aad 
naad in thia oonntiy from ramota aatiqaity. Ihqr tn naoalty 
mada with bamboo riba, oorard on both aidaa with ptfm cr aflki 
and patntfld witli varioiu datigna. Of lata yaan tha aiporl ti kK§$ 
nnmbor to otiior oonntriaa haa ltd to ohaagaa in tha ahaptaad 
daooration. 

Tha tMim, or folding fan,ita Japanaaa infaotioa ; tha nama baiag 
naad to include itTaral varittiaa Biwh at ki^ogi^ or fan mada of JUaalft 
wood ; ^a-tM, or war-fan, earriad in old timaa by ganamli ; and faat 
for ardinary nm. Thay are usually made witli bamboo, whala-bona, 
fvr iron rihn; ilia first l«iiig most common for ordinary fana. Tha 
Ai-Af^ wan moiitly nsad by ladies of liigli rankonoeremonial oooaaiontL 
Tlie okl nnstom of carrying fans at such times still ramaiaa and 
may hn noticed at wedilingK and on New yvar's. Hence thay ara 
fr««qu4»ntly niml an presenta to be giren on joyous oceasiontL Fold- 
ing faa^ are also largely exported to foreign oountris, thoqgh 
those made for this purpose are lari^ar and mora go r g eously painted 
than tlioea ordinarily used in Japan. 

Gold and SiWer Poilt. These, aa the name indicalta, an 
gold and silvar Hatfeneil into tliin leaves and used for coating irtulona 
articles. Tlie so-called gold and silver screens and eliding doors an 
made with these foils. Until tlie Itestoration, whan tha lastridioQ 
was remnved, the manufacture of gold and silvar foils waa forbiddaa 
to oilier tlian Kyoto people, who etall retain it aa one of tbair ahial 
induftries. 

The Firft Silk Spinninf Company. Tha milk of thia 

rompauT, which was or^miaad in Felruary; 1/M7, ara M Higathi 
Talu»>minarlii, nortli-west of the boildiniQi of the Foorth Natiooal 
Rxliilrttiofu Tlte grounds comprise about 9 acvaa, tha haiUiaii 
co«#ring nm arre. Tlie capital is S&0,U()i) yns Mid lUOO Awaaans of 
silk ihrMkl arff produced annually. The engine is of 100 
powm. Tliere are 640 persons emplojned: of whom iflO are 
480 



' . Kyttb Weaving Joini Stock Oommny. Thti kloaiM 

tpfotiiib the •Mtam and of Kojin BridgB, . It wm otguiiiad in M^ 
Idift. Hie grounds oompriM i^at 11 Mraiyikboat9| aoeiboing 
ooonpiBd Iv ^ boildingL Hie oipitel u 450,0Q0 yni. Silk ftttioi 
dt.iftiions Idndt m woten; the woik boiiv diTided into two 
dqpttimenti aeooiding M hand loome oar poller looou m emplogfed. 
The prinfl^ goodf prodnoedaie tiqpestiy, teble-olothi, din w g oode 
(foraign efyleX hAndkeiehiel^ twUled tUke, flgmed tllki, linii^i^ 
ffttint leeh goodiL end ksAkkd, The oompeny eleo nndertelute 
tiirowing end 470ing> The Telne of the ennual prodaot ie 956|U00 
]|M, The engine ie of 900 honepower. Hie nnmber olpenKine 
enqklogred ie 560* 

'' * Kyoto Dairy, ^niie ie joet loaih of the feotoiy of the X^oto 
WeftTing Gompeny. MiDk, bntter, end c heo t o oen be proeoxed there. 
There eie brenoih pestmee et ShicAiijo, end et Otsn in the proTinoe 
of Hnd, In ell eboot 500 cows are luBpi, 



'4 



SCHOOLS AND HOSPITAUS ' ' \ 
Th« Third CoUtft. 

TIm IHimn Koto Oftkko, or lb« Third OolWft oadtr «iit aonlral 
of tlio Dopftrtmont of RdneAlion, it iiiliuitod in Ibo iiuiHi imImii pirt 
of Um oity in To«liidii.mMlii, ai Um f ooi of Ibo Kmnum HilL BftM 
inntmeiion in gi%ofi in law and meduuiioiii and Ibm it alto ft toont 
preptring Utott who ttkt it for •ntrftoot to Uit ImfMrlftl Uniwiily 
in Tukjo.lhofiudetttttrtforihomottptripadiifttetof Iht OWpttii, 
or Middle Bohoolt. The lfti«a two- tloritd Wck Inilding in tilt 
otnter of thttilontivo (roondt oonitint tht Ito Uu ^ i o o aML Ob 
tht right Md left tit otlitr brick haildii^i, ont btii^for inttratHoB 
inphytiot, iho other for ohtmiotl tiptrbntnta In tht nv It ft 
Itift dormitory with dininf|4iftU tad litth-roont tttftthtd, 

TIm tohool, with t gmtnU oovtt of itn^jr, wtt tol loefttad hi 
OmkM. In UH6 it wtt mtdt ont of the fl^ KSt5 CfafiftkhS, or 
Hi|^ Middle Sdiooli. In 1880 it wm rtmoted to tht pitttnl 
tite, while the medicel depeiiment ttioeitted with it wtt looftlad in 
OktytmA, t city in tlie provinee of Biaen. In 1804 the orftnittiioa 
wtt BO changed Uitt it beetme t apecial mIiooI for thott who tipttl 
after graduation to engtge in tome profeeeion or tiadt. At prattal 
tliere are 38 profeteort and S14 ttodenta. 

Thft Dofthbha Sohooli. 

'fliem inelnde Preparatoiy, Collegiala, Theologieal, 8oitBtiflt| 
and roliiico-Iiiw Solioolt ; alto a Oirlt' Srhool, tnd a TVaining Sflhool 
for Nntw«. Tlie firat flre tre on tlie north lidt of tlie Imperial Pvk^ 
tdjoinitia tilt Btiddhiiit Ttmple of Hltokoktiji; the Oirlt* Sahool i e 
alfu> on tlie mirth side of tlie Park, a littU ftrilier to tht tatt, whilt 
tlie NiirM«' Hf^iool it on tlie wtet tide of tlie l*ark 

Tlie Doshiiilia wat eeUblinhed by Rtr. Joteph Wtttimt^ U U D. 
and Mr* Yamamoto, in oonntotion witli tht Arotriean Boftid oi 
Foreign MiwiioiM, in November, 187^, and the tehool, whieh had 
eonnww in English and Tlieology only, wat optatd hi tht aHM 
month. In 8i»pltmber, 1876, the ihvt boiblin^ wtia optotd on tht 
pre<N>nt site near the Imperial ralane. Tlit Oirb' aihool wat 
o|wn«Nl in H77. Tlie firet Iviok bnilding wtt dsdiealad in 1881, tht 
Clitpi»l in l-tHfi, Uie Library batldii^ in 1447, and the O ttn n t Hall. 
(tlie gift of H«>n. J. N. Harris of New London, Conn., UAA.) is 
IHOO. In mH7 tlie Doshitlia Hoepital and Trtining Bsbool te 
Nanve wts n|iened, alto in tht mmt year tht P it |<Hit q iy Mmol 



i^tt 



SIO 

lbs pra|MMl to lonnd a UnitttsHor to 1» oiillad Hm **]liii|l 
Banunon GakkS" mm iimad I7 Menan. Nooriirn and TMnimolo in 
If^y 1884. In 1888 «iit namo ivai ohai^id to ^a <«DSBlildui 
IJni^Pinity,'' 8 new iqpptal mui ianiad, and a oonaidMaUa ram 
aoUaoM Uumtd tha endowment In 1880 Mr. Havria pledgMl 
#100,000 for the «<Htezia8ohoolol8oienoe" of the Uni^reraityand 
this aohool ivaa opened In September, 1890. Fneident Weeaima 
died Jan. 88, I80a In iprU, Bar. H. KoiaU ivae eleeled 
nmddanl. 

In Beplemlwii; 1801, tba Sflhodl of Pplitieal Soienee and Law ttaa 
opened with fnnda eontribnted I7 Jiqpaneae frienda of the edbool, 
and on Ookober 8d the Komuro gawabe Memorial Lifamy waa 
f onnallgr opened in one of the rooma of the Libfaiy Boilding. 

In 1891 a gift of 600 doUara, from Mra. Epbiam Flint of Maa- 
aaobnaetta^ waa reoei^ for the begjaning of a apeoial Tlieolo(;;ioal 
Library; alio a gift of 10,0U0 dollori^ from Mm. Dyron W. Olarko 
of Brooklyn, N. Y. for a Tbeologioal Hall, oallod tlio llyron-Stoiio- 
OlarkeHalL 

In May, 1803, the aohool received two legacies; one from Mrs. 
Walter Baker, of Boston, of 0000 dollars, tlie other of 1,0-JO dollars 
f^om B. W. Wood, M. D., of Jaxnaioa Plain, Massachusetts. These 
sums form the beginning of an endowment for the collegiate school. 

The Schools are under the management of a Board of Trastees, 
oonsisting of 8 members, including the President; and tliree as* 
aooiate members. Hon. J. N. Harris is an honorary member of the 
Board. 

The nnm1)er of the faonliy and officers at prenent is 74 ; and the 
number of students in all the schools, 602 ; and tliat of graduates, 
636. No. of volumes in Library, 16,54 8w *<The Life and Letters of 
Jose]Vh Hardy Neesima*' by Prof. A. S. Har^y gives the romantic 
history of the founder of tltese Schools. 

Doihisha Hospital and Training School for Nurses. 

Being located on Karasu-maru-dori, near the Imperial Park, it 
oooupies one of tlie healthiest ports of the city. 

The Hospital and School were opened in Uie year 1887. Dr. 
John 0. Berry has been Medical Director of the Hospital from the 
opening until 1893 when he returned to America for vacatidn. J. 
Kawamoto, Ph. B., M. D., is now acting as Medical Director. 
Mise Linda Biohards of Boston, and later Miss Smith have superin- 
tended the nurses. Since 1891 Miss Helen 0. Fraser of Toronto, 
Canada, haa held the position. 

The course of training covers two years, and ten nnraes are 



tu 

During the ■ammor M 1409 a bnilding •upeeiftllj adopM f« 
tanU f Cne m vtn eroeM, ind iMuqr of Uio foreign ndainli anl 
of the travelleni have veoeiTed madioel twtment herab It It 
AS oomfoffiAble •• powible ante the etreanieteneee for foveigB 
entaMkl tonritte. 

Kyoto Fa Hoopital and Kyoto Fa Modleal Sohool. 

Since Uie Honpitftl and the School ere intimaftely ewin e oUd with 
mtAi oilier, they mutt of neoeenitjr be deeoribed together. 

Thej aire eituated in HiroJcoji Kawaiamaohi, wliera their yD o nde 
ooTor abont eii and one half Msee of land. The HniMingi oofw 
more than an aere, of whioh above Vt i* figned to — iJ i for 
tlie patient* and } of an aere ie giten to reoitatioa roooM^ and the 
reet need for otlier irarpoeee. 

The numben of i^ijcioianf who aire aleo fgofeeeore la tho 
Medtoal mIiooI, b 3j) ; and that of itodentis 805. 

Tlie annnal avera^^e of the gredmtee ie 86, and the dtdij a ter e ge 
of paiieniff, 3 10 

Re\eiml yearn e^o tlie Kyoto Fu gorenmient, with the porpoee of 
earing ilie varions diweewee of tlie' people tmder ite jnriedJetioa 
decided to open a hospital and nrged the people to 
TlionMndn of them heard tlie reqnest and gladly ofhred their 
tribtttionit. At the retnlt of tliie movement^ in Norember, 1871, a 
tempnrmry linfipitnl was openened in Slioren-in, Awatagoehi T^ 
pliynicians from Germany and one from Holland eoeoeeei«e|j piee 
instmction in the tempoiaiy redtaiion rooms whieh were opaoid in 
the Name pb^e. 

In 1-170 tlie medical sdiool was divided into two departaaeale 
▼ii. Meilical fldiool and Preparatofy Medieal School; bat they 
belnngM SI St fhut to tlie Hospital 

In iHHU lM)ili Hospital and schools were remoired to the praeHit 
sits. 

In iHHl tli« two schools were spun united into one and eelled 
tlie Kyoto Me^lical R*hool, but at this time they wv 
from tlis Hospital ami remained apart until liMO when th^r 
•gsin consolidated. 

Tlie three nlBces of tlie Hospital m tlie Medieal OAee, the 
rharmacsQtical, and the Osneral Oflloes. The School eflaiie are 
control M hy ths prssidsnt, profssMcv, and otlisr teaehers. Tho 
eoiirss of stifcly eo«er« four years snd tlie stadents after being 
gradtisted are commissioned by the Home OAee to beeooM ptqni* 



119 

Kyoto Fu Normal School. 

This in ]ooaied on Tsramaohi Kojingaohi near the Gmiya Goeho. 
It waa opened in May, 1876 ; instruoUon being at first given in 
temporary buildings, those for permanent use being completed 
in 1879. In February, 1882, the Attached Oommon School waa 
founded, and in April, 1886, a department for girls waa added. In 
1888 all but the Oirls' Department was removed to its present 
looation which had before been occupied by the Gliugakko (middle 
school) of Kyoto Fu. In September, 1890, new buildings having 
been erected for the Common School and the Girls' Department, 
iliey ware removed to the same place. The grounds include four 
acres, of which tlie building^ cover about one and one third. Hie 
expense of land and building was 38,616 j/en. The number of 
teachers and officers is 25 > of students 148, of whom 48 axe girls. 
Mr. Shimidzu Seigo became Principal in Jan., lB9-i. The pupils of 
the Attached Common School niunbor 622, of whom 211 are girls. 

Girls' High School of Kyoto Fu. 

This is on Dotemaolii, south of Marutamaclu. It was first built 
in April, 1972, and is thus one of the oldest schools for girls in the 
country. At different stages in its history it has been variously 
designated as ** Kyoto New English School" *<Kyoto Oirls' Factory " 
**Kyoto Oirls' Sdiool." The present name was adopted in 1888. Th 
objects of the school is to graduate healthy but refined women, 
with good moral habits and competent to meet all the duties 
pertaining to good house-wifery. Besides the Preparatory and Regular 
departments it has a Special Course, and wliat is called tlie Training 
Class. Tlie Preparatory Department admits the graduates of the 
Conmion Primary School and requires two years. Its graduates and 
girls who have finished two years work in a liigher primsiy school 
are admitted to the Begular Department where four years are required 
for graduation. The Special Course, comprising three years work, is 
for those unable to pursue all the studies of the Regular Depart- 
ment. The Musical Course gives one year's instruction in vocal and 
instrumental music. 

Since its opening Uie school has graduated 1,003 girls, and has 
found the result of its training satisfactory. The income of tlie 
school is nearly sufficient for current expenses, the deficiency being 
met by Kyuto Fu. 

The number of officers and teadiers connected with this school 
is 33, of whom 16 are men ax^l 18 are women. The following 
table gives tlie number of pupils in attendance. 



rnpuUctj Contm 84 

RegnUur - 148 

TminiiHtJpUM 7 

SpeeiAl CoiUM 148 

Mode 18 

To«»l 806 

Kyoto Fa Chlgakko (Middlo BohoolX 

Thif it tHaiAad on ghimmaolii tbore DeminL It wm foondti 
in 1871, and ai ilnl pivt inttnielion in Ei^Jth, OOTinna, BMitfi** 
mftlicB, and Mienet; mottofUit itodwito bting Mum Miinw rtrf 
I7 ih% govvnuneni or rteritins loans from Uit 8o««BBtal te 
dafmyins tlieir e ipan w a . In 1888 it «aa tranafonnad islo ona ol 
tfia ordinary middU aolioolt. In oonaaqoanea of ftnandal diflaal^ 
IM it vaa aupportad by Uie Eartarn Hoi^wanji from 1888 to l88t 
whan it vaa onea more plaoad ondar tha oara of tha Pralaoloml 
Gorammant At praaant tbara ara 3S inatraoton and ofBova, with 
46Spapila. 

Kyoto Fa Comffloreial School- 

Thin ia on Horikava St, north of Niahiki-noJ^ojl It «aa 
foottlad in reaponaa to tha patitiooa of TiOaigi Bampai, Nialiimom 
HiehiMbaro, and othar pnblio^pintad man. It «aa opaaad is 
8him(Mnaniya-maohi in 1AS8, tha nombar of taachara at tirrt bains 
fii«, and Uia papila 4a Tlia naw baildinfft vara wiBlad in 1888. 
In IHOI a upeeaal abridf^ ooona «aa aatabliahad for thorn nnabto 
to taka all tlia ragnlar itudiaa. A praparatory dapartmant «aa 
addad in IMM. Tha grounda oompriaa 8) aorta, of whioh tha 4 
baildini;! oooupy ) of an aort. Thara ara IS laaehara with 400 
piipiU. 

Inttitato for tho Blind and Daaib. 

Thif it loeatad on Stwaragirhd Kamanm 8t, It waa fhat opaaad 
in Mar, 187 A. at rnnajramariii, bot in about a y«ar waa l a m ofd to 
tlia pravant plaoa. It waa tlia fliat inttitntion of tha kind in Japaa 
In Jiina Ihho it waa honorrd by an Imparial gift of lUOO |m» 
Hinre Iah2 it Iim raoaiTod tataral madalt and oarUfkntm of mirit 
for nliiitt of matliodn, inHramanta of inttmstion, and goodt pro* 
domd by popilt. Tha following may ba mantioatd. 

Gold medal from Lonlon Hjf iaaia and Bdoaatioaal KihihHioM. 
Mareh, 1884. 



QM nMdil.lnoiii Nam Bdiililioii, 1888, 1888. 
CMifloitaof.iiiMit fioni IioiiisiaA«| U.aA., B]diiUi<ioii| Ifueh, 

In Deotmber,. 1889, ttM . Iiwtttntioii whioh had hilliflrio baan 
uadar tha Fa gofrerniiiani mui. tnmafBiiad to tha aontrol of tha 
oilgr. It ivaa irisiied in 1890 17 H.I Jl tba Bnqpraaa wl^o pmanled 
iiwiihaooim. In 1891 it laoemd a gift. oi 9000 yea from the 
Grown Frinoe of Buaiia. 

* • 

Tha hUnfl an insfarnoM in faading; aritfamatio^ mitini^ nnaio^ 
ifniaiagB^ aoDponotora, Ao.; nhila tha dumb aia ian^t raadu^ 
aiitlimeti<v attiealatlon, amhroidfliy, dmwing^ knitting dnt. 

Tha numbar of blindpopila ianow 47; and of domb^ 6&. FrouL 
ttia beginning thaxa hava baan 48 blind and 68 dmnb gndoatea. 
Tha gronnda ara about an acra in axtent, ona thiid baing oooii|iiad 
hf tha bnildingi. 

Training School for Dyers and Weaveri. 

Located on Nifihino-Toin, above TakejamaoUi It was founded 
in 1886 by some of tlie dyers for the training of yonng men who 
eiqoeoted to engage i n tliat trade, and for other work tending to advance 
the art. The first oUws graduated in l>iSl. In 1S90 it received a 
copper medal for its exhibits in the Srd National Industrial Ezhibi- 
tion. In 1808 it was put under tlie management of tlie Kyoto 
Dying Association. Still more recently it nas come under tlie 
control of tlie City Government, and at the same time its scope 
enlarged so as to provide instruction in weaving. The number of 
teachers is 4 ; and of pupils, 88. There have been 223 graduates. 

The Fine Art School of Kyoto City. 

This 18 on Marutamaohi, west of Tersmaohi, and in the south, 
eastern part of the Imperial Park. Its diief aim is to give know- 
ledge and skill to those who wish to engage in the fine arts. The 
preparatory course occupies one year; and afterwards Uie instruction 
is divided into three brandies of (a) painting, (b) sculpture, and 
(0) art designs; five years being required for graduation. The 
present number of pupils is 111. 

Daigaku-ryn. 

This, which is the university of the Western Hongwanji, is situated 
south of that temple. The doctrines of the Skin sect aie taught, 
the course occupying four years. Ihose who distinguish them- 



Hi 



■tlvM in Ihtir •tadi« Art atlovtd to UktB a potifndntit 
At ftunt thara ftra 8 oAdftla, 11 pro f wio rt , and 806 •todnttiL 

BoBgaka-ryo. 

This Sdiool, whieh it titntltd on Iftltmrtim tad Omijrm 
it fnpaniarj to the Dtigtkn^in. In addition to tbt toortt ol tht 
Oiilimry Middlt Schoolt, inttniolion it i^\Uk in tht tlooMBli ol tbo 
Skim dodrintt. Ihort tit 11 oAoialt, 18 tttharty and 80S 
papik. 

Daigftkn-ryd. 

Ihit it on TofnijtniAohi Ttlitknm, abovt UwonoAtnAi it tiM 
nnivtrtity of ilia Higtuhi Hoi^wtnjl faitaoh of the SUm Moi 
It wtt fonmloil Igr Ttknnio HlHlnin, tlie liih tl»hot, in IGC8. Tht 
fiitt lNiil(lin{?, wliioh ImuI )«on lmti|{1it from Kwanaeonji, in tht 
provinoeof C1iiknien,wtthiimedint)MBanflti ptriod (LI18 — 1488) 
tlia prtttnt edi6oet being erected toon tfier, tad tdditioot made in 
1HH8. In tddition to Uit doctrinei of tlie Skin and other Boddhitl 
tertt, the nttiirml ■etenrrR tnd philonophj are tanght Stodtnlt 
who difttinpiiith t)ietiiH>lvefli are allowed %iy take a pott-gradnale 
eom«e. There are now 2i profe«eort and olAcevt betidte the prtti* 
dent; tnd loO utiulentt. 

Chlj^a-ryo. 

Thit fvhool, nitnaled on imaknmanomachi, wat Ihtt or^uiiatd ia 

1886, and inittnxiion wat given in Uie Daiftkn-ryo nntal IdM, 
wlien Die lehool wat remoired to tlie |t tte nt Iwildinf. OeotnU 
ttodiM and tlie doctnnen of tlie Rliin mci are tanght The tehool 
alto iier>et tt a jveparatory department of the Daiftkn-ryS. The 
teliool gronndt hate tn Liea of aboot IS acret; a Utile lett than 
I acre lieii^ oopupied by tlie reottation liall, dotmitovy, and oUmt 
haildii^l*. In tikUtton to the principal, tliere are 40 iu el i a iJluit 
and oinoert. The t titl tn tt numhar 407. 

Upper Kyoto High ComoioB 8olipol. 

Located on Ntkftlaohinri and llnronaohi. When fonnded in 

1887, it wat under the manaftment of the ehief olBee of Upper 
Kyoto ; but in 1880 it waa trantferred to tlie immediale eomliol ol 
tlie (}o\emor of tlie Fn. Tlie piaeent bniUingi were awttad in 
189X There are Si teaehara with lllS popth^ of whom 888 tfa 



Lower Kyoto High Common School. 

Located on Takatsuji-dori aiid Muroniachi. It was opened in 
1887. In place of the temporaiy quarters then used, the present 

boildingt were erected in 1892. There are 87 teaohen with 1866 
papiU of whom 880 ftre girls. 
The itatisiioe of the Oommon SoUooIb are follows. 

r Schools, 23 

Upper KyotaKTaaoherB, 188 

(Pnpils, 20767 

{Schools^ 82 
Teaohers, 232 
Pupils 10422 

Higashiyama Hospital. 

As this hospital is situated ftt tlie eastern end of OionmaohL 
near Yasaka Temple, it oooupies a healthy position and oommands 
a fine view of tlie city. It was founded in 1883 hy a well known 
Kyoto physician, Dr. S. Nakaiai, who is abo the Director, and who 
is aided by six other physicians. There are five buildings, all furnish- 
ed in Japanese style; and the average attendance, daily is 150 
{Mitients, 

Tamada HoapitaL 

Location : Kaiasumaru Don, above Matsnwara. The hospital was 
temporarily opened in April, 1889, but tliree years later it was per. 
manently established on its present site. Tliere are four buildings 
and five physicians connected with this institution with a daily 
average of 102 patients. 

In August, 1894, a branch hospital was opened in Tomi-no-koji, 
below Nijo. It comprises three buildings and there are Uiree 
physicians in attendance. 



I 



'>^90lf 



m 

Societies. 
Xydto Braaoh of th« Sad OroM Soeiaty of Japaa. 

In kl77 ftn ■w o c toti oi^ mamd lUkiiAitliA, iMviag tiaw ilaiilir 
to UioM of ih« Itod Qrott Bodtty, wm foombd is TBiiorS. Tlii anM 
wM dianoBd wlien in 1887 it cula«d into mtelioot with tilt lalafL 
mlioiml Committoe. TIm Kyoto Hnuioli, ffarotd in 1880^ liit 
4,106 memlierii. At tli« time of ilie ipmi ttrtliqiiilw d UOl II 
•mt pliyfidana And nu r ww to Miiio aiid Owni wlmrt tliqr ottoi lor 
S6Ul womidid ftnom, Tli« w«r with ClUiiA baa M lo iavHtid 
intrnvst in tlM tod«ty wliidi it doing Iti pari in tha vodi tbnl hti 
tlins ooflM upon it Tbo Pratidant of th« Otntnd Ooaitty b ▼!» 
eoiint Sano Ttnnattmi; wliilt tliat of tht l^yolo Bmnflh la Oofaraar 
Watanabt ChiakL 

Tho Kyoto Branoh of tha PriTata Hygitaia 

Aiiooiation. 

Hie oentiml AModation, liaving ila main oOea in TSk^ la 
nndOT tho Rnper^ijiion of tlia Minister of tlia Impvial Hootabol4 
Tha brmneh oOloe ii on Knmmaya St north of Oilia. Tha aifli d 
Uia ApKociattoa it to diffusa hjrgisnio knowlado* among tha paopla 
and to aid in Um fvactiaal obaarvanoe of Uwa tending to improfO 
Uie haalUi and prolong Uia U\as of roan. Tlia KjrMo AaaoflMoa 
was at flr«t an independent one of loeal origin ; but united with 
Uiat of Tokyo when tlie latter was iirpmiaed upon a erale sotnavfaal 
Uoader than its own. Tlie opening eeremony waa held (Ml 
t4,l8H5, in tlie Kenninji Temple. At preeent a laetnre ieghaa 
atery other montli. Tlie present membereliip nnmbera 41S. 

Kyoto Fn Edaoational Booiaty. 

The oififm is on Aino^nadii, abore Anagakojt Tha aisi ol ttM 
Pnciety is to teform snd promote tlie poblie edooalioa of tha Wm» 
It often hokW ednmtioiMl eihilatioiM and lacUvaa. It pnbliehM tha 
names of tlioee who ha\e made enntrihntiooa or p a ifo i m a d aMilo* 
rioos deeds in contwction wttli tlie eduoattonal i nt e r ea l a of tha Fa. 
It was organiiftl in iHVl by Mr. Nomom HikoahtrS, than Bafvtik 
tendent of Ihiblte Rduoation of Kyoto Fn, and Mr. Imadala Teani 
Tills plans having been approved liy tlia Oovemer and oaHT 
inlloentisl |«r*ons, a eommitlee was elioeen for the orymiailioa d 
tlie Society. Tlia montlily report, which waa at fliet dialribnidi 
only among tlie memlwa, has now bMo made poblte la the fars 
of a ma^na. 8 n.a 18 17 nambera of tha iojU^ ha«a bMa Mai 



tis 

toVUffmnl pbotf In the inftnwta of adaoitioii, and to gite leotom 
whioh m oflin Meompuiiad wilfa a slcrsoplioon or phydoal 
aiparigigrite. Ai ■obm uMunbera li^ve outtlcb tlis dty, a teaa 
Mka laotnra ooqim for their benefit ivae inaagnralad in the nun. 
mar of 1890. The eame year a libmy waa eeteUiahed wbieb ia 
open to the pahUe on Belmd^ra and Sondtgra trom 9 A. IC. to 6 P. 
IC. In Novenilier of the laBie year athktto eiNiiti for the atndenta 
of the irariona aohoola of the Fa weie held in the Imperial IPtA 
nndor the anapioea ol the Sooiely. In Feb 1390 the Sooiety 
eolleflted 1000 yen whioh waa tent to the sohoob in the prorlnoee 
of ICino and Owari that had tnflBred ao mvoh in the eeithqnaha of 
|he prnfiona year In 1898 a oommlttee waa ohoaen to make 
anitahle praparation for the Fourth National Bidiibition to be held 
in 1895. Ilie nmnber of memben in 1898 waa 1459. 



Kyoto Fine Art Aiaooiation. 

Japan it a ootintiy of fine arts and Kyoto is the center of artlstio 
Japan. The Kyoto Fine Ari-Assooiation was formed Yty manufao- 
tiuers of poroelain, laoqner, andembroideiy; togetlier with noted 
painters and others interested in tbe fine arts. H. I. H. Prince 
Foshimi is tbe Honorary President of the Assooiation. Its oifioe is 
on Muromaobi abore Oike, and the number of its members is aboat 
700. The Assooiation holds a loan exhibition eveiy year. There 
are also tliree minor exhibitions which come in tlie following 
Older, though snbjeot to diange. 

. Felsraaiy. Writings, pictures, soolptures, dolls, lacquer wares, 
and cabinet work. There are also tea and incense ceremonies and 
picture drawing. 

September. Metal wares, cloisonne, porcelain, and potted plants; 
with the arrangement of phmts and picture drawing. 
< NoTcmber. Woven stuffs, embroideries, dyed stnfb, and silk 
braids: with musia 

; The Assooiation pnbUshes an interesting . monthly magazine 
called Kyoto Bijitsu Kyokwai Zasshi. 

Hoiho Kwai or Assooiation for Frosorvation of Objoots 

of Historioal Interost. 

• ■ 

. The main office is in Daiuurin, a temple on Teramachi, below 
Shijo. 

. It is a great mistake to suppose tliat historioal siteg, ancient 
temples, rare articles, writings, and paintings handed down from 
an4*nt timea are of interest to none but antiquarians. They liaye 



tit 

inportttai tatohingi for hklorUius aitittii, and Uit ptoplt •! krpi 
Onee J w ir oj f d or ii^jored, ihoj eftnnot bt rtplMtd. Tho aIbi oI this 
aeoocittion U to rmitt iiidi fond* aa Me oMMMry for Um propir 
prtMrrfttloo of Umm TAloAbto oljeels. It WM oatAblUhtd in U»l, ili 
momfam ondertakiiig to look after eeiren prorinoea near i^jroto; Ti& 
Tamaeliird, Tamato, Kawaelii, Idmmi, Sattao, Omi, aad Tamte. 
Tlieae warn ehnnen aa indmlins tlia plaoea mantioiiad in tht oUmA 
anthentie hiatorioe ami poeeeeeing the graalaet nnmbar ol oIjmIb 
woriliy of preaenration. Tliare are braneh oAaaa in Tokyo, Oaaka 
and KoIa Hia Praaident ol tlia Aaaooktion b HJ.H. ramalan 
no^niya. 

The Asaosiation aime to pi aa an e 

1. The templea fonndad by tlia Emperor^ aad with hiatorioal 
aeaodaiionft. 

5. Tlia tamplaa founded by or epeeially honored hy the Uapartol 
Conrt or tlie Sliogiinate, whtoli linoe tlie Reetoralion hate baas 
unable to euetain Uiemeelvea. 

X Thneeiamplee wlioee namea are in the •* Bi^hiki," but whleh 
are unable to obtain loiBoient income, being below the mnk of Fn or 
Ken lemplea. 

4. Tlinee lemplei whoee namet ere foond in hietorioal or old 
reootdft, end whieli were founded bef<vre 14H6. 

6. Templee whoM namea are not found in old reeoadi| bvl 
wliioli are famotw for tlieir eoanery or arehitootnra. 

0. Obi moitimiontai 

7. Old tombi. 

H. riftOM fr»qii^iit«d by femonii men. 

9. Old M8K, fieintincfi, ami r«r« eriirlee. 

Kom« plaoM, once notecl, now brinncing to private individonle era 
oMd ee renidence* or mlti^eted an fekbu Tlie Amodelion boye 
end) pleoen, trying by plantina tiMw, difoging ponda, Aa. to laaloia 
en neerly an poMible tlie formiT afvpeanuiee. Menbere hava tht 
frivilece of Ttiittng tlieee plaoee ftee of eherga. There are 
■eTf>nty*flve inch plaoea that hate been aA|Qired. 



Oojiki 

TliiR U en e«eortetion of prndticvrs end «k al eie in tlw pnodpnl 
prndiicttone of Jepen, end wee ficmi^l A|inl 16tli, Iii04. lie 
offlnr, ea ««ll e« iliat for the K}otn diftiict, ie on Kene 
ebo%« RUtngawm. Tlioiigh of rerrnt oricin, ile opentiooe 
to n«Arly e\rry pro«inoe of Je|ien end it lia« brmnrh oAcee all of«v 
the eonntry. It ie the aim of tlie aeenriation to unite the 



Ill ill '^ommM nitb H in oonMliiig ilia ymdam •vik eo nmrtrf 
ivtt iStm fnmtA maihodt of the JapiiiM9 npoti tnndt. Ttm pto- 
4iMlli»it in wUioh the ■gioaiation iaetpeouUly intomAad tare woi«n 
•illabi (mflh m riUt, oollon, Uemp and oilier falvios; ymn; fonolo; 
■and illk braid), poroekin and poUaiy, laoqcer wam^ matal wam^ 
pap« and aitidea made of pH^^ (m Ji^panece lantenia and nmteel- 
hM\ and aaoh other artiolea aa carving^ toya, seraenii bamboo wori^ 
and wood woik. Tlie tea prodnoera and dealera liave an awoeiation 
of tiiair own. Mention ahonld be made of Mr. Maeda, the fonndnr 
«f tlie Gtojikwai, an earneet and aelf-aaorifioing friend of Japaneae 
indoalriea, who for mora than twenlj years liaa giten hia whole 
eneigf to the eitenaion of the export trade of Japan and the im- 
pvorement of ita prinoipal prodootiona. Aa the reaalt of hia 
nntixing efforts the aasooiation of tea prodnoera and dealera waa 
eflMed in 1898; and he liae now beoome the fonnder and head of 
theOojikwal 

The Women's Charity Aasooiation of Kyoto. 

Tills society, which was established in March, 1887, has for its 
object charitable works of all kinds, and is supported 1^ contributions 
from its members. It has already given much aid to the Kyoto 
Aasylum for the Blind and Dumb, as well as to many sufferers from 
natural calamities. At its regular meetings addresses on education, 
hygiene, household economy, oud similar topics are given by Uiose 
who have made special stu^y of sndi sulijects. Countess Ito is Uie 
President, and there are several hnndrad members. The office is 
in the Kyoto Fu High School for Girls, on Dotemaohi, below 
Mamtamaohi. 

A aimilar organization under the name of Kylto jl^jin Jiaui 
Kyokwai, which was formed by Buddliist women in June, l894,aheB4y 
haa more than 700 members. Its office is in Uie Buddhist temple, 
Junshoji, on NishikinoJcoji, east of Kaiasumaru. 



THE OBEEir &IBBOV MEDAL WAS BB8T0WID 
ACCORDUrO TO THE IMFBBIAL EDICT. 



O 

N 

E 



?io|SS?"% 




y 



(Saajodori Kanuanam Kyoto.) 

— RidabliilMd in 1604.^ 
nlora hAt« pro . v mpl •Utotion. 

▼ ery / kinds of \ thing U of Um 

ktoni ' Embroideries, \ uAi<m 
' Velvets, CraF>es, 
Silks, and Brocades 
incuding Bedspreads, 
Cushions, Dresses, Handker- 
chiefs, Hanaina Piclui 




r'w^ ^ 



TEAOB 



JKAaJL* 




Jflanujutuwr gind Jralcr 

IV 



Stationary, & Artists Materials, 
OF ALL KINDS. 

MAIN STORE: 

Teramaohi Anegakoji, KYOTO. 

BRANCH STORE: 

No. 1, Owarioho Itohome Kyobashiku, TOKTO. 

ALSO 

Dealer in 

Old and Modern Pictures, Kakennono, 

Censers, Old Bronze Wares, 

Jewelry, Crystals, and 

Choice Curios of 

Every 

Description. 

QNlEPRiaiONllLYf 



^ S 



# m 





^ 









ni eiin iimii iiiml was lEnini AcmiiN n 

til iiruiu UKT 

riKWT MKItALRVKHBRFTOWRnOK AltAin)rA(.-n)RltEltr 

TKXTiLK KAamca. 



AITOINTED MANIf- 


m 


■« 




rAOrUBKB OF ABT 


^ 


J 


rACrUBKB OP AST 


FABRICS TO Hia m- 


1 


I 


PABBICB TO HIB U- 


FERIAL HOUBBBOLD 


:1 




PKUAL BOOBKHOIiD 


OP JAPAM. 


OPBUSBU, 



II. n. Il.Tltttvavn I 



-MAVnrACTVBER OF— 

Datnului, Broead**, A otba Fi(vred Falrle* inelaJiiiff DnM 0«adi, 
TrlnmuDgs, Up)ioUt«rr Fftbrica, dhx, Acw 

AiTT FMinca. 




KTOn. JAPA>. 



3SK:a!r?eS!S_.. 



TBADB 




XABX. 



J. OMORI & CO. 



J 



Kobe Paper Mill Co/a Agency, 

Cxp«rtort, iniporltri vf^ mm9 WkiMMtto DMtort. 



ALL KINDS OF PAPERS 

BOTH JAPAXm AMD KUBOPKAIT 

•r 
Printing, Vawipapar, Fan-making, Oopping, Drawing, 



PRINCIPAL OFFICE: 

KTOTO.— ^<2ryixian, Wed of lii^aaftwio^'iVm. 

BRANCH OFFICE: 

OBAKA.'Sakaiauji^ South of Mimmi-Kyukaro-nuiekL 

OSAKA ATELEPHONE No. 438. 



TI^^OIS 




M^RK. 




MANUFACTUTtER OF FANS 

OF 

JAll Pe^cription^. 



tomikokOji oojO kita, ktoto, 



NVdYf 

a.-asnii arers 




NOTICE! 



Trade |««l Mark. 



Japanese and Foreign Paper Merchant 
HEAD OTFICE 

^^ss^'^ss^'irsss^ \ Higaani-no- 
Toiu 




BRANCH OFFICE. 

Otftkn KftwuMoftcIii NuiliomBi'^HigulukD. 
^kyo HontitikaoliQ Jikkendtuia, NilionbwIiikiL 
K agoya TemmMliu Sliidiiobiiiue. 




S. 8HIM0MURA""Smc 

(HIOASHI-NO-TOIN.DOKI (MKE ACUMU.) 

KYOTO, JAPAN. 
Dealer in 

511 iiiiiils o( japai ifsi; (([lolhts. 

■ Mil K Ml■^KHATr. * HKKIII fS !!• NKVER MAt>F. 

Prinoipftl Ofloea, 

S. Shimomtin. — »iMMi.i«™-a*M t™i««« nwh-f^u* «rt>ro. 
K, Shimomnra, ■i—i-^i-^-MWM^k.^iii^M.fn™. kyww 
8. ShimoBiir*, — «'ii«t-i«*( m™-! ■■rt».i».<HAKA. 

8. Shimomnr*. .■■»t.Hr*'t«.Mv.«.., 
8. Shimomor*. — ii<"i-~«>ii n- 
B. ShimomorK, — mimi^i.i »- 



» m * 



H 



'M I ! : H !|S 



S 



•< a. a a ■ 




Gt. I^UIKUI. 



SanJo-dori Teramaohi Higashi, Kyoto. 

X^DrrOR of, and Dealer in 

J-^ Books in every language 

and Japanese Pictures. ' 

By oidn; Ourrln^ on, and Stanps of Woodi, 
BteoM, and Ooppor. an naatly lude. 

m ^ M ^ m 



© 



Wlwlesale 



pEALAR IN 

All Kinds of Japanese Papers. 



s^ m ^ ^ 



iiwpftininj— iatr. 



MATSUBAYA & Co. 

(OefMaA Bhimnndif OgMh^nim,) 
KTOTOJAPAK. 

CLOTHES 

Embroidered Silks, 

IN Old Fashons. 

(Ofion honorad with the oelalinited) 

FXiUKJGNKIW VIHYVS. 

J^ m M. m i& 



—KIN-UN-KEN— 




manufactuuku op. and 
1)i«i\i.k:u in 



SANJHORI SlllliAKAWA-BASni NISHI, 
KYOTO. 



Bi m m m }^ m m ^ 

* ff S ft 

m t m m 



^ 




IMPORTANT ADVERTISEMENT 

THE NIPPON OSAKA HOTEL 

— w 

All OenUdmcn and LadiM from tlrad on^ eirlaiiily to Titit 
Oska, wliidi it m eity of pmi eommwo and tba mort imporUai 
maniifaetiiring place in Hpuk ooiuaining about half a million 
inhabitantii, and baing a aaa port opanad for foialicn tnda, it ia vaiy 
eooraniaot for Tidtora aa tbajrdo not raqniraany lianaa or paaaport 
in order to eome freely from Kolia to Omka. Toariata can thoa make 

The Vippon Osaka Hotel ^^^ bcadqufften f or toon to the 

adjAcentfamonidUeaoroalebraledplaoM^aa KYOTO, NARA, SARAI, 
TAKARADUKA, Aothera, to whieh the railwajaean be taken hourly. 

We flatter oarielirM that there it no better hotel in Japan than 
The Nippon Osaka Hotelt ^^uch monopoUaee all beaotlae 
whether natural or artificial. 

The Nippon Osaka Hotel i« ntoaled on the upper point 
of an inland in tlie oelebraiBil Y()I)OOAWA,wlieia theri^ereeparatea 
into two Itanrlieii, botli of whidi are clean and wide. On the Weat 
or below Um* hotel ii the pablio park, and on the Eaet or above tlie 
hotel are ilie two great itiiipeniiion bridge*, botli of whieh are more 
tlian one luinihetl and fifty yardu in length, while farther on Irat 
atill in »f;lit are the famoiv Otaka Caetle and Mint 

The hoU»l bniklingK liave a frontage of 900 feet and are 100 feet 
deep. On^ half of thebuiUingi ii eonstroetedaeeoidingto Roropean 
style, ha\ing large comfortable roomi teetefiUly fnmaahed and of a 
deaign ttiiteii (or etUter Rnmmer or Winter, while the reading, draaain^ 
and wine rf>oni« witli the cliaml«rs, parloraand billiaid roome are 
all |«rfectly arrangeil ami well appointed. The other half of tlie 
boildingK in of Uie old taatefnl Japaneee style. 

Meals pr<»|iateil by experienced cooks and served at any time. A 
▼isit t> Japan ia incomplete without seeing Xhe HippOA Osaka 
Hotel* ^^ reality Uie beet hotel in Japan. 

THE NIPPON OSAKA HOTEL 

NAKANOBHIMA-ICilOMK, 

OSAKA* 



THE ORIENTAL HOTEL 

LIMITED. 



NO. 80, 87 & 88 CONCESSION, 




EVKRY CONSIDKRATION GIVEN 

TO THK COMFORT OF 

THK (iUKSTS, 

HIGHLY RECOMMENDED FOR ITS 

JJXCELLENT "{JIui^lNE 

AND 

^HOICE "^INE^. 




9 
KOBE, May 8th, 1898. 




SL, L B.I 



- VM.lB.lQ«eb,BtFirD,Tj|)EOEAKA. 

LOVIS J$PJpi^pElt, Mattaaet, 

'TpHE LiARGEST and most COM- 
PLETE Hotetih the Far East, SECOND 
to NONE eilfi©iv,in Europe or America 
PERFECT iti 'all its APPOINTMENTS. 

The CUISIj^E,'; under its present 
Management 'p has a World-wide 
Reputation as havinfj no SUPERIOR. 
An Elegant Steam Laiineh will convey 
Passengers tp an,1 from Steamers. 

Yokohama, May 1895. 



pir 



Oil 



w 



M his laige ftnd oom&rUble note], now nnder new 
managBinent, has been entirely renovated. 

The only public Tennis La-wn in Nikko. 

Heali in but atyle. 

T=tT T .T .T A T?.T:i -ROOH/L. 

Y. KOBAYASHI, 

Proprietor. 

/. HOSHINO, 

Hanagkr. 



kmaya'snewhot]-:l. 

THX LAB0Z8T A>]> BIST BirVATm nr 

THIS NEW and MAGNIiaCENTI.Y 
SITUATED HOTEL h»9 been opened by 
. iCA.fi AY A., the; Proprietor of tlio Old Kannyn 
Ilotol, in Ntl<ko-Iriinaclii, nnil Visitors will now, 
' FOE THE FIRST TIME, find at Nikko evei7 
comfort of a FIRST CT^ASS EUROPEAN 
Hotel, with an Excellent Cuisine. 

The Extensive Viewa over the Ix^utiful valley 
of the Daiya and the mountniii rnngcs of Naiitiii 
arc Uneq nailed. 

Detaohed Houses in Jn]ianoso nnd Scnii-Euro[)cnn 
style are sttoclied to the Hott'l. 



Special arrangements can be made 
for Families. 
May 5th 1896. 



FUJIYA HOTEL 

MIYANOSniTA. HAKONB. 

A raiUOiClFTn. TLUmni AID HBU.TH IISOBT 



^AST pcki^ AOOOHHODATtON 
BLlteTRIO LTdHT 18 LAID IK ALL TUB 

'■■« , buildings 
deLioiods hot natural baths 

V -ENGLISH fllLLIAKD TABLES 
BEST IN JAPAN 
■ EXCEIXENT CUISINE 
, 'MODERATE FIXED TERMS 



The. hotel ia'most easily reached from 
Yokohama by the Tokaido Railivay as 
far as Kodzu V/t Hr. thence by tram or 
jinpi^isha to Yumoto IV* Hr. thence by 
jinrikisha or on foot for A'A n^iles up the 
valley along the stream to Miyanoshila. 



P-^-a 



i ri iRMi Hikooi^ V li from Kdte SMIfli^ 
crTiifrwnOJi— w. 

Pf 

.VXAHICH boiI«j up intermittently 6 times a day, 
' one of the great wonders of the world, is noted 
as a marvellous cure for Rheumatism, and diseases 
of the Blood, Skin, Membrane and Nerve. 

THE HOTEL, situated on a hill near the 
sea, commands a fine view, and the rooms are 
well finished. 

The locality is very oool and the air healthy. 

Spring and Steam Kaths ajways ready. Goo<l cook 
and moderate charges. 

C. IIIGUCHI, pmprietor. 
Ataini, May 5, 1895, 



'^tr^-;w; 




SHINACHU HOTEL, 

(MpTBL DU JPrOQRBS; 

a 

Nagoya. Japan. 



THIS HOTEL is pleaBaniUy 
situated near the centre of the 
city of Nagoya which is celeb- ^K 
rated for its porcelain and cloi- 
sonne factories and for an an- 
cient Castle. 
The Hotel is only ten minutes 
a lly ride tvom the Station and fifteen •J-^ 
minutes Avalk from the Castle. 




i£> 



'We offer the best European 
accommodation to 

be had in the city. 
Branch office: at the front of 
Nagoya station. 

Nagoya, May 8th, 1898. 




{ 



\ 



THE C<H)PBRATION OF OTHER PRBFBCTUJU8 

WITH KTOTO IH THE CELEB&ATIOH 

OF ITS AHNIYERSABT. 

Tlie •n1hi«nft»tio inlermt in th» eetobrmtioo oi the •toten trandrtMi 
AiintTrrmr>' of (he fmiiiding n| Kyoto end in the of^nlnf of the 
FniirUi Netinnel RtliiUfion iie\e not li^n confined to the feople of 
lliel rity eli«no ; noitlirr will Uio riHiiillinff lieneftte be thne UmUed. 
Toil o(1kt iMcfecttirm, vii. Nere, ()f«)us Hyuf^n, Okejetne, HirodiiBmi 
Kfi(9iwe, R]|ip^ Mtyr, fHfii, ami Aichi lim%e heertily oo^speraled wUh 
Kyoto in plentiing for tlie mioceNi of tlieiw ondviiUun^ik 

Tlie reesnitf for eiieli oo-oprretion ere boUi liiel««ioel end pbjwkaL 
The frvmer eleiw of ireMmfi ie wen wlien «e Uiink of Hie propeee 
miule liming tlie eleven oenturiee dnoe Kyoto wee mede the eepilid. 
The edifce^ imegep, pirtmefi, end oflier oKieote fi ro du eed dtfinf teee 
ncnn ero nnetteml ell m«r tlie eleven prefeotnree Uine buided tofitfaM; 
In Kyoto ethl ifp \iriiii<y, f<c iiieUnoe, ere nidi templee m Mfnlli 
If'olT., eml iHiiloJiiiji, n^niimline ne of (lie perioil wlien Hie Fnfmn 
Fiunily wew noiiri»liii^ ; (lie Kemekiire perifil ie n » |« e m ii e d Iqr 
Ilrnprriin; (lie IninHone rule of the Aih^Xege 47neety io aMeeled hf 
KinkekTiji, f linkeJuiji, Nenj^nji, enil flhokokuji ; enoie of the fpleadid 
^rnrdiTM of Hiilf*>iwlii*P Mcenm-mme Peleoe eie itill |i fe ter t fd el 
MonfTwenji eral elnewliere; wliile (lie pictnief^ cervtngRi end olher 
erti^ir poilttrfii of (lieM end enoreftling |«riode» ee leeeirieJ tai 
(rmplm ami jo-i^ete honnn, l«er w i tneee to the eeliietenienle of Igr 
gf>ni» y^erK. ]n Here niey !« wen itill older hoildin^i end ob|eoli of 
art tih.cli were prodiiop«1 (luring tlie two linnitied yeera pieeeding the 
Imililtng of K}'u(o ami vihirli ftvm tlie beaia of (he leter develoftneot 
Tlirrp are (o 1« fomul Piirh (emplee an K&fnJinjI, Tudaiji, Hormi, 
ainl Yaku<4iiii; containing oer^in^ by ■oeh inertiBi ee Tortbairiii, 
Keilitiiikwai, and Keinlinkiin ; pictnreaby artiete like Keneoke end 
DohtIk); ImimIm ii|MyinM»ne of oM eop|«r end leoqner were whieh 
tr«(ify to (lie high grade of Jepeneie citilixetion bi»f««« the leign of (lie 
Kni)vr(e Kwainmn. In Nagoye and oUvr cttiea may be ewn the 
rrvnltff (»f imltiiitriel end fine erie ee ecliie%cd danng tlie peeoefnl end 
uplendttl mle of tlie Takafewtt flb o g ii Mi The iMnooe cMlle of 




OfflMftl 

tar it! iMo^; aid «f 

«( iHdu^ gBdMla» R !• iiMMMijr Mi)r te n 



pwk kt Nairn, lite monntKina •bcnit Kj-oto, tlia elelit [unona lim «( 
I«ka Biwa, llie nm luiiie froni Uie eea u teea frmn In, tad lit* 
cMtlfl o( Nagoyt w Man Uinmgh tlia nmmlng mut. 

TltMe iiereutiii«H Laing eonnaaled l^ nulioadi, Blaamboftlii, jmriU- 
■Ii* roada, aod lflla(7»plu; liave toiiDd it feaailjle aud adiaiil*t;eoua to 
aacept Kyoto'a propocala f ca eiKiiJeistioiL In tliia aounaojiou gratetiil 
menioD diould lit maila of Ur. Nuliuniint BnletiJ, lately AauORot 
Uiuuilo of Aerianliura ami Conmaroa, au>l now I'tetdileut at Um 
Tanko Railway Co., wlio ftcnn llio legiiuiiue liaa Lean a wano friend 
of Uie auteipriia and lia* greatly atau^ed lUa Kyuto oamuitlee iu 
lainsiiV ationt Uiii nmun, and alio in many mImt yrty. 



M 

Of 

*E1 



OSAKA FU. 

OmIoi Fii, or rrefeotnro, eon ng fa w Uie prov loots of KAVftolii, 
Imrnii, ami one half i»r Settmi. TlteeifyM OmIca, vltioh is Hit Mti 
ivf the )fefeciiiml p>\enijiitiit in tlie Moood kurgMl ailj of JvpUk uA 
Ui« oomniprruil centre of tlie Rmfiire. Tht popnlalkHi fe aboaft 
(HMMKXJ. IliiWrMlii minle H Uie eaet of hie fovemnMnt Duriiif 
tlie T(»ktipiw» iitfiefi tlie feudal lotde of all ptrts of Japan liad their 
store lioimc^ in tlie eity to wh&di thejr sent the prodnele of their 
domeim, cenying on tjade throngh the eQsmj el Osaka mswhanla. 
In modem times MgMioos linsJnsss men liave enpifsd In feNign 
eommerre; end H Is through their IntelUgsnee and iudn e tij thai 
Osslca liM become the aoet y o epsro oe plees in Ja|«n. In addi- 
tion to Its trsde, tlie eitj ie famone for its hotels, wslanianis, 
tliestera, As. 
Tlie follnwiii({ Itids may be lielpf nl to stianfBPrs. 
JligriM :— ( hkkh llnlol ; Natumonliima, Itdiumo. 

HPtittki ; Kitaliama, lidiome. 
RmiaHraM* : — Ksiu-ro ; Hir»no Shieliofne. 

Sf*ikw»u4'o ; Soneaki Tillsge in Nishinari Coonty. 

Oi-s)^ Hotel ; Nskanoaliima Itdiome. 

(}sn*lidkwsn ; Nislii Nsgibori, Rsnehoma. 

Fiuui-I I ; Amijimacho. 

Nsf Umen ; Kitaliama, Nkdiome. 
7V>#rr« :— Kjiil«»sa ; DutonbnrL 

Nsksa ; „ 

Nsniwrna ; „ 

Amliia ; „ 

Iic*ntrna ; „ 

(VtiirfM of Tnulf i^CMUm goods sml graml dry goods, Hott- 
machl 

Mnlictne; Donhidmaehl 

(>mnial^ Nishi TcJiobori 

Timl«r: Nblii Yokobori and Nsffsborl 

HpronMisnrl-eloiliing; Bsnoye bridge and Kananesnaai 

Toy*; Minami KinhopnMMbi and KHa MkBoHM. 

rsnly and Cakes; kfatenysauehl 

Halt an! dried fWOt; Utenba 

Citrimi: Minami Hcris KamidSri, I>oWksdM, aid 
(>liaraiini)L 

Fon^tgn fairies; Foshimimaehl 

IV)oks and MbMllaneom artislaB : Bhinin^hiiWiL 

Copper and oUier Metal VMS ; Ande|lndiiiBlri. 




Coal uid Wood; Nlihi DStonbori. 

Preali Fish; Za)i<>1» and Tamina. 

Vegelkble and Piuit; Temma, Kiza, and HaMbb-|]| 

I^Mtlier goods; Karamoiianmolii. 

OaUuet woikj Hao1iiiuaa-su^ 

OoimU; llajinu, 

IktnJe; Kiuliama, Itohoina. 

Goal; Ajikavft. 

TIio piiiicipal objeuU ol merobaiHliaa are; cotlon, feitilizerB, flax, 
linea-Uireail, rags, wai, talloir, paper, ooai, IraroBene oil, mate, Ua, 
sugar, Mube, charaoal, Bait, iron, indigo, etn. 

Artioles manulactined in Uie city ars; soy, dtuitau (a kind ol 
carpet), tsDiied talluw, dyed towalii, glasi, knit gnods, laus, aoed- 
oil, tLread, cord, aolton olotli, woolen goods, maltilies, leatlier, 
Mnfllifr. Mcika, outloT, tamitiai^ mnlnlUa, Mb Mid othai 
liqncn, sta. 

Tbe oliisl jnanafaaMiM id tlM 7n with n^tal nossding 
100,000 |m ai» *a loUom. 

Owkk Baido SBteudiiki Swaiaha (Oopp*, Ixua, and eopper wire). 
KlUkii Ureoho, ItohomeL 930,000 yn. 

AMhi BoMld Kahoahnd Kwuiha (Ootton thnadi). Imamiya 
Taiaca. B00,000yea. 

Sattm B5mU Eabmhiki Kwaiaha (Ootton thieada). Mamwa 
Tau^ 1,000,000 ym. 

Owka Bo««ki Kabuoliiki Ewidalia (Ootton threadi). Sangenya 
VUltga. 1,900,000 yen. 

OMka AlkaU Kwainlia (Bnlvlinrla aoid, wyla, eta) Kawakite 
VaUe*. 700,000 ysit. 

OMka Cement Kaboihikl Kwaiika (Oamant). Kawaminarai 
Tillaee. l£0,00OyBii. 

ir.nfUn atlahokn Kabnshlki Kw»Ldia (Ootton threads and 
eanbrio*), EawsluU Vlllaee. 1,300,000 yn. 

0«ka Biwa Kabidiikl Kwaiilia (Snlphnria aoid and aoda) 
KawaUta Tillaet. 600,000 yn. 

OMlia Beigio Kaboiliiki Kwaiiha (Bratbm), Shiino Foknibima 
TaiagB. 100,000 yen. 

Hippon B5wki Kaboihikl Kwaliha (Ootton thivadi). Sliimo 
V^ilnuhlna Villaee. 3,000,000 ym. 

Fnkoahima Boaekl Kaboahikl Ewaidia (Ootton thraads). Kami 
FtaknUiima VUlafllB. 360,000 yn. 

Tamma BSnU Kalnublki Kwaiilia (Ootton Uireada). Kawtiald 



OSAKA WV. S 

Ttmini Orimono KAbarfiiki K«»klaA (FliMet, ^yviaf. And fStgmd 
fnlling). ]U«mi«ld Vaiafi. 160,000 ym. 

OmliA Detiki Bondo KmlnriiOd KvmiiliA (Coppar work Igr 
eledridty). KA«mi«ld Vilbea. 800,000 ym. 

OmJiA Motbl KAhuduki KnAbOiA (Wooltn (ahriai). Dtnbo Villi«i. 
9C)0,0U0 ym. 

Naniwn Dowki KAbMliiki KwttiOm (Cotton UiJ««li> Dtnbo Villi«i. 
B00/)00yM. 

Hinno B5Mki KAbodiiki KAidiA (Co«ion tlinodt). Hinno Villi«i. 
600,000 yoi. 

OwJiA Ikkndin KAbodiiki KwAi4ui (Bacr). BoHa ViUi^t. 
960,000 yoi. 

HpwUxu noMtki lUbitfdiiki KvmiiliA (Cotton tfamidt). JiuiwmIiI 
in M(aI 6U0,(XX) yen. 

fMuii r^iHT"! KAbudiiki KwaMia (Brieks). AiwimlnAUkri In 
Hikfti. 100,000 yen. 

ChmkM Koki Ooilii KwaMia (RcmlM and nMMm). lOiaml 
Hc«^k»^lori, Itrhoiii«. 100,000 jwi. 

(lonlii Yokin KwaudiA (UmbrallM). AwbjubmIiI, BhleboMi 
180,000 yrn. 

FQiimngn Sewhijo (Paper). TAmtoeho, Niehoot. 190,000 yak 

pojinw Ilo»«kijn (Bpiniiing ««Aviii|r>. JSancho. 960,000 ym. 

OmkA TMna Kojn (Sliip^hoildtni). KAwakitA villa9[k 960,000 ym. 

OMka A>« Reinliijn (rapcr). KAwakltA >illa9i. 000/100 fM. 

Shohin ChinreUvJo (liflraitiUlt RiliiUtion). Thk b abooi 

on«» fif til of m mile from tlie Umrda lUilraod RtoiioiL HOTt aio dfe- 
pU}«^l 1. TlioM artirlM of ooiiiin«rce UiAi AlrtAify find A «!• In 
foreign connfrinu 2. TIiom tlimt aro Iik4>l7 to do to In tho fatoiA. t. 
flampln and materials of goodfi now tmportod frnm foNifn eon». 
triiht, bitt whirh can be made in Japan and profltably tipo rt ad. That 
the in«tilution is of great ntility to merrliantii and manofa utuf wa. 

The If akanothima Park, ^boot a milt from Umtda BUOion, 
is on an inland in tlie Yodn Riirer ami is ennntdtd with tht eMj hf 
tlie Naniwa Briilpe. At the eastern end just in front ol Hit Otaka 
Hotel ptamU tlte famons Toyokoni Rlirine, dMioattd to Togrotomi 
Hiile^-oiiliL Hear it b tlie monnment in u ir m oty ol tht war ol 

iHl?' 

Kawagnchi Wharf, tbont two mile* distant from ITmtda 
f«atinn, is the place for Ic^ilinf and onlnadii^ tlit vtstU thai plj 
bHi»i^ii (>»iiks end otiier p<vts. Hit ^alue of goods impcwttd Ihrongb 
tliis lisrinur is uO,0U0,0U0 pM annually ; ol tiportsi, 70,000,000 yM ; 
makii^ a total tl 190,000,01)0 yn. Tbia ia tfnal it lltftt 






4 Osaka Pit. 

fonrtlu of tin nrtin fxrei^n (rule of Ja)«iii ni>0.'»>'><*KK> V"')' 
BwMoi tliiiwliarfMieiiteiisiMi u(iiniiH>r«i in umieil on Willi utliur 
pttU at th« COnnliJ tj llio Kisii mia Y.>1.. vUer,, nx wbH nu \r/ tliu 
nllnwd. Tlim tlie enUr* d»da (tf OMk4 miut pwttr aicMil OM 
fsnign oomnana of all JapMX. Hi* CmiMBdon, anignad tw Uw n»- 
IdnuB of fmeignan, is a Uttla to th« east of lite wUaif. 

Tvmina Taitjin. 'n>i* BUtOo duiue, itolinaial to Biviina 
MiAif ftM. m^ oue of tlw moit latnonihitbeoitir, iaaUtOeoMt 
» mile aoBth eait . of Onecla Blatfan. The fajnoM nedBt f w fraUa 
and teaetaUw, iMeb is oalled Tenuna Anmono Idiil«, it neat this 
tenqila, 

Haobikanya, *^ UndinBiilaoe for Msseb pIjFiiiK m the Todo 
Bh«r M«aan Ostlta and Fod^ni, is on tlw aonthtni lanli of tlia 
river, opposite Temma Ten^ 

Tha Xint, vliloti ii laid to be one of t)ie tline beat tn tlis 
worlil, U ulinut 3 mileB Hiiilli-eiuit of Ilnioila itlalion, oil tlia woot 
UuiJt of tlia Yniln Kiver. Alt tlis cniuit of tlio Einiiin aie mnile liero. 
An axtonxive (puiloii full of ulieiry-tieeii in llirowu upon to tlio 
pnblin at Hie lima □( Uooiniiig. SempuOiwan, a placa noted [or its 
beautifi)]! Bceneiy U nortli of tlie mini. 

Sakuranoniiya, !»■ H's lirgect member ol dieny tieoi tliat are 
to be toniul at any placo in Dwks. Crowila u[ viuilnra go thore in 
the aprlng. 

Hohei Kosbo, » "ula andaliaU wnitli-aast of Umeda Station ia 
wLsie cannon lor ilie n«e of tlia umy and a»\y are manufactuied. 

Oiaka Caatle, *>aln>lt iml^iiulv Toiotonii Hiileyonlii Uis 
mU tliat 1m oumpallnl abont a doxou I'luli feudal uiiUbh tn (miiitiU 
the foiida (or tlia LuiUUiiB "f l^ie caatle, whiitie BiwtineutB are eaiJ to 
have been veiy maguiAisut. Moat o[ the builJiugs were ileetic^'ed 
ly flie, but tlie toundations lemain. Viuton wonder how tlia huge 
etonse used in the walls oould liave been moved wliou eo little was 
known about engiueeriiie. Tlie cwtle is now naed for the b'ourtli 
Militaiy OaniKon. Femiisunn to visit it can be oUained at the 
office of the FreFeotural Oovsmuiant. 

The HakubnUu-jOi or MuHHim i» near Houmachi Uridee, in 
the Eaiteni Word of the dty, a little over a mile from Umala 
Station. Here are oiliibited paintiuge, drawiuga, potteiy, lacquer 
ware, and oilier articles; tliey Leing owned in part by the iniiEeiuu 
itself and in pait by wealthy residents o[ Hie city. Tliere is a bazar 
for tlie Bale ol varioni goods. 

Tenno-jii a BudiUiijit temple is in Tenuoji ViDago, saiit1i-ea«t of 
Uie oity and over tliree raiies from Uutoda Slalion. it was biiilt liy 




1)h> t'rinea niolokn ihnnt MO, and v a 
J>imn. On Iha Iniii4« Rmnndi it tha 
nhililal (Iw traMom o( thii knd taiflibar 
wmt ol TmnSji ii tlM bmlrlii^ c< Um CobbvcU CtahT 
Totonbori, al-nnt t mils trani VtMitkBttk^Ummtl Q» 

iihM mnnlnl K>^nu> n( OmIol It enolalM <*• l«p IhwiWW. 
In llKt mniliern t'«>tl<m, wIM SnmkUBM, M to ta (omA >wlv^ 
rinfen,daiio««,tar*tiota«Ddt«il«MnU. NMf Igr ■MllwlHiitM 
ot Kodaaant Uratannt. 

Snmiyothi. >»1( "V brt«Mn OmIa and Bdi^ b Ow ril* ol k 
MiM tonpl* mndi fraqoMtal Igr Um aoMMMi pMfiik H hM 
ciMwix suilfw, widi tamaj oU Ihm. N«r Om mAbw tbM !■ 
An ■nneiil luit«ni wlikh lonMcl; «ri«d m • U^A^mmk A* 
(nwnrai of U>i« ud wiglib«ii« iHiqika M ^fk^ !■ OM piMt 
tot tlia eonT«n>niea of vkilav. 

Stkftj, B nUM naUi ot Ovka, biMcted 1^ tht HhW Bilhiv 
in SU minotM. Anoni tlM hotob uaj ba wotrtk— 1 Dm IflBntui 
■nl IrhtnkL TtM mun ^odaBtioai ot th* «iQr «• ao^ Mf, 
<ai]vti (wllad Sahd ilmtai), inraMO, snU^, rMtlnj, oottMi doth 

fUul hu a pnpnhUon ot aboot (6,000. II lililiili 1) 
milM (rnin nit Id aMt, and 3 !•( mika tn«a north to tooth. 
Parii«tlia Kimkn anl Tominn i«riodt (UW— USl) h h^ an 
MfiuuTB tiaila wHIi ntlm paila a< t)M soonUy aiido<i«M l«HJCB*ao- 
mU rsRiB tn iu liarbom. II «w at tba balght at iU ^imf m H y afcaol 
llMTcn>l>npnSud(tii7S— 1G91); bat ovli« loth* JmIIiibiMm of 
Iha liailnnr, M i uu aiat waa paitaallr dii«rUd la Ooka, 

OhKBIft Ptrk, ta Um tonllNn) ihtn of Uia tMitov ol Btiul k 
(alle.1, )■■■ tint Tim of Awaji Iiknd io Iha oott ; Ml*, Hoho, Rdl. 
)i5, awl ntlien to Um turth Mrt; and HIil Koo^, FMagD, 
Kaltiiralii, Kiliitaki, and ottitn oa Um aoM an] tooth, lima m* 
nmiijr Ixa^liiniM* fw Uia anlMtainnoM ot okiton. TlM* k good 
o|>pcTlanit]' toe M latliinc ; and Um BSkafrs and bhklU HoMt 
po<ik h-A Ma-tsthi. TlM m* ttioandi in ngalknt fltb. 

Mjokoknji, U Z-aintnliDeho bi Hakai, totonp lo Um NUibon 
•PM of nnUhiun. It «Bt fnnndRl in IMf If a pJMt aniil 
NiUo. Rilanuie pmtnb wa onnlritnUd l? a pmea H^M 
Mnnnlii Ynkirani, vliik tliootank of dnIUn ima fitta I? NiUa'i 
lallicr ami InnllMn. A flat tampk vat mctoil wlikfa BntortoMtolr 
wa* I-iitdaI 'I'uinit a war tn Um lit«inDin|t nf tha ITUi eoolwy. It 
•u tnKanl in ITUt If a i*iatt nanwl Nwhirn. In Um Ho^a 




A OSAKA Fir. 

itoriBd pagiaU we old anl well raociileil. Daok of tliu Hotuln iie voiy 
lugs Bafiu-iulniB wliiuli vara pUn'eit nioie tlian 300 years ag» \if 
Hiyoslii YiJiiyaBU. Tialilion Bays tliftt Oila NobDiiteB ronioved tlie 
tresE tnliis couIIg at Asuclii; but steiy nJelittliey cried out desiring 
to return to Myok<Jiuji until at \abi their voinplBint via lieeded, 
TlioaEanlii of pins bihI needlaa ere Clirown nronod the rooU of llie 
trees Ip visilore, aa iron is lliouglit to Uelp tlieir growtlt. 

Su^SiWara Jinlha. ' Blilnto lemple an EloGii St., is dedicated 
to Amanoliulii-no-Riiliato, Noniino Snliuue, and Sutfawnrt-no- 
MiuliiEane. It naa fonoerly at Miuatu, a villat;e naai tlie oily, 
wliere it «u called SLioann Teiijia and iledioaled to tlifl first two of 
the aliove ineDliaued doltiea. When aftenvudi removed to the 
ineent site, the worship of tlie Uutd deity was added. For a long 
time the temple, nnilor tlie naiiw Jorahujij oumliiukl Sliioto aiul 
BnddUat alemeiitt; bnt irtian, after the liartorUiaii, anoli adnhtnra 
ma fotbidden Ij tli* Oorenunant, it became SLinlQ kloiis. The 
ytoniid* ooaifdM kbontf aow, ud oontain the onikl boOdlnp, 
«4iiob mte all pat In good repair in ISBO. Near the gate la a pina 
tne whlota, from Itt aliape^ li oalled Kaaajnataa, or Umlnlla Pine. 

AgnnM Jiuhai oonuaonlj oalled Otaxa is on Kai St in Bakai. 
It DM f onnerljr Mlled lUtraoDia Myojin, the nante lefsning to tbe 
faet that it wai at the boandaiy of three adjoining lillagea. It i« 
**<W**'< to Kotolatanknnl Wa)iaw-ao.iMkolo, Siuanoo.ii»«uko(a, 
and OudaiiMnnomQcotoi and ia aaid to have been founded l^ the 
Bnqnai Jingo after her oonqnart of Coea In the Srd centmy. In 
old timM tba baildingi were nnewad I7 the Oovernment avery 
twenty jeara. . In tlie Bth oantmy a prleat named Oyoki, in aoooid- 
anw with the dedie of the Braperw 8hi3mii, Inllt here a Boddhist 
tenqila called DainenbotrnJ^o^ but, with the eioeption of the 
pagoda, it* faoUdlnei were lemoied in eonnaotlon witli the revital of 
pure Shinto, at the time of tlM BeKtntion. The gronnds have an 
area of about 8 } aote^ witli tareial intneating boildin^ 

Saiaqji, 00 Uinami Hatago St, belong! to tbe Hinzai diTision 
of the Zen Mot. It waa founded V a plert named Oiutoku in 13M. 
The gronnla have an area ot about one aere. Tlis iiiiiUng oalloil 
BntBoden was oontiibuted 17 a reaideut of Baliai, named 
Haya Bckaiaamon, who mode a voyage la Luton, in the lensUo 
period (16TS— U86). He wu vary wealthy and lived in a 
beautifnl manalon. One day Mataonaga Hi^liMn Uje loni o( 
Shigi Caatle, vieitad this bonaa, mw ita grandeor, and then 
warned tbe owner that good twtiiua ia sura to be followed Iqr 
•tII, and pvapari^ Igr ditaMi. To In^mM hi* vrwd* mete deeply 



OIAKA FU. T 

on Uw bMNT Iw ikaw hk nraid Mid wUh it sol oM d( lb* bMnUfri 
pMO o( Um hooN. HlMhlik inwiM Um nMulw to lb* li u^K 
wbara it «m batMdonMd into tb* Bolraton. Tha poit, with lb «* 
ni»to Ifr Uh iwod, la Mill dtown to vWUn. Ita* an muj 
noellrat piotTSw bf umIi artkli m Kana Uotonoha and K«b« 
KifJin. (IM of Uisw )7 IhB kU«r palnUr fa ealM KlMnjMM- 
nubm, (* riiM with Uw AlVM Aitudi. Rltnka Mt ttaU f trpttlH 
to IIduiIi tlM piolnn; but, on aniTing at Nanml In Um |««TlBea of 
(hrari, h« niddtntr mnMnbtnd Iha f aot and at oBtm tttwimi to tM 
the IniMh Uiat «•■ laddng. 

Vunhnjl. •!«> en Minami Hal>«(i SL, ai^ Monfbic to Iba 
Rinnidifi^on ot tlM Zni Md, wai foanded bf DaHa (MiB. Tha 
CToollcm o( Um btdldlDdt ww tefDD In 16S9, and wIim dHbi^ad bgr 
Are 33 }«an lalK lliajr wsra onljr half llnidiad. ' Fmn Mt and tha 
adrM faol that tli* urcmnib inelndad T3U acna, aontathfan maj I* 
Inlnnd M to tha gnrnknr of tli* rwtfiDal plana. Hwa|lt Ibi 
rrisiDitl Imikliiv wn wliolly AmUtrfi in tbb and aBoUMT aon. 
flagmion, and tha pxraoda ha>« feaan paatl; saatiaaiad, tba tMayla 
TPmain^ tba Ui^art in Ih* dlj. Ada tha aaeond b* in Ul* II 
tMaina a nrj onall oIovMot ; bvl tlM [irmt Taknan rabnilt H b ita 
t«Mrnl frrm. Tha ponnda cnin]aiM a littla tnaa than 7 acna and 
cimlahi Hima tmpndns bnlkUnfL A laa^man hnllt Iff Ran ao 
llikjn, a tamona nuxts cd tba laa oaamoniaa, la itgwM M» 
laitM (sr Kotti atnMtoia*. 

Bhoonji, in Omadii, alio Mni«> to Iba Rluai diTUoa «t tba 
r.*D mr*. aad Ma fonndad Iff Taknan in 170B. An oU pin* Ma 
wliicli wa* a t**c«iu n( Tnroiani HidaTodii waa tlmmplantad bN* 
dnriiw Um T«n4to pninl (UTS— IS'«6). A OiiiMa cAai ^i« tba 
tiM tlM ouM, aonMKd Vr ita linn, of Osario, w BtTtHnint 




. AKAMWlBiA, 

Minamikyuhoji-machi Shichome, 
Higashikn. OSAKA, JAPAN. 

MANUFAOTURKR OF, AND 
DEALER IN 



(< 



TIN WARES. 

-PmZE AND MEDALS RECEIVED 



JJ 



PRIZE " The Slid. NntioiiHl Eiliibilioii. 
HEDAL »t tha Intenutioiitl BqxiuUoD, QRBHANT. 
MEDAL •* ^^le UniTemI Eipoaltloii, PIUNOB. 
HBBAX ** T^ World* Indnitrikl Sipontiaa, AHERIOA. 



DIPLOMAS AND MERITORIUS 
MEDALS 

AT 

Hm Efoto EiliibHion (US4}; Hie Nua Eiliilation (1885); The 

:niixd IMloiuJ iDdnttriU Bihllitiou (1800). 

"AWA OKOSHI," 



A CELBBBATBD CAKE. 



QdiE, Tunno [« lb* 'u 
'^tolaMkclislounu- ^, 




■mi* rmd run 

Seizo, Tan 
(Ko. 61, Putatinido-obo, Xtnunikn, Osaka, Japan.) 

, m » m n KAafli^HA 



ANNO. 



Jlnsummc Cont^atij;, 3P<b. 

TIIK NIl'l"ON KAiniKU IIOKKN 

KAHUSHIKI KWAISHA. 

-Biublldial ins.- 

Qipiul Kit-riM, )-l,M<M>Oa!! 

0.plUlp^"n ■ 360<0M.S 

Amount inmral iluring 1894, yen 60,063,238.69 
I«m> inUI " « M,;03.1< 

TciUl inramc " " U2,9M.91 

HEAD OFFICE. 

No. IB Kitahama Sanohome, 
OHfikfit JnjHin. 



N. Kataoka Esq. S. Morishima Esq. 




THE OSAKA RAILWAY COMPANY. 

Offak€if Japan, 



Vlmrm nt lnt«rv«l on Ow OMk».|f«m-l^k«fml 
In Jktm (wmiry mmiI r«l«bfttt«i hi ttm vwrM 9m Mi 



Rai9lr« !• iMi«d fof havint kM an esMn«c« Aldwufii clinwifti 1m •vm t«« 
Iw iiii jr^ay. At th» pn — H 4«y. Ih> prwT m m u mtj mmi ftmtm ti liltH 
■*• to Iw fNMi4 tn tiM vlct*iii7«rilM fmllvAytolv««iO«kft. nmmmAflmkm 
tkmm vl» Ar« l ii^iw « > i l In Uw Aim ar%i. antlgaaa. fvllclm ani »*■— nUI IM 



tiM 



•r Inters rollvrtod tafHlMr In Ow ak»v« IImIH. 
dM fm tut fwvltti ImHilg iDtM* part arilM aawitry. 
nllvAjr. la Um amMiil lari««l rltj Hi Jayui. rraw a ca^^ 
liMiaM ar Ja|«n. ar evMi af Itw l)Hanl,-lii tii4i«lry t1» M 
KMn ihMlta mw mii ilurt \*y imin via KavacM to TaMa 
cwa|«fai to HwliMt land al«Mni4lMC a« N 4iiaa hi tha mwl bcMrtlfWl a# 
or to Mmwp hi lh» matte-r af Ito fltia arto. Thto pravlnca to aa«fMH to to 
vWra dw avlclmil Japanaaa «aUlad aii4 formal a oaoiMarttjr to a prttoMlva 
aallai dw baaln «# Uw Kapbrataa. 

mte vMtltor tkaaa pMto to J 



MUmtmmA 



patol af fMa 
Ntodto 



a#vlt« 



toajr to 
vtrp 





Be -k 





Sliiiifiai-lAslii-dori JuDkei-mBchi, ObbIka, Japan. 

Manufacturer of and Dealer in 

ToRScls for dooorating houeohold, 

Laidics' and gentlemen's ornaments, and all kinds of 

Silk Braids 



8L Omon also deals in gold and silver thieads works of all kinds. 
As S. Omon lias a Baw Silk faotoxy, exports and imports them. 
S. Omon has Noda Spinning Ga in the east of Osaka Castle, and 

so be exports iliem abroad. 
Orders executed promptly and neatley in moderte prices. 

SEE THE OPPOSITE PAGE. 

1. Belt for wearing the trowsers firmly. 

2. Tassel for decomting tlie window curtains. 

3. Tassel 

4. Tassel for adorning Fukusa. 

5. Ornamented reel. 

6. Honse-bold ornaments. 

7. Bibbon for gentlemens' Haori. 

8. Bibbon for watches, witli a metal; Patented. 

9. Bibbon used for tiglitening the ladies* belts. 
lU. Spinned-cotton. 

11. Silk-udenuki (used to cever the arms). 

12. Adorning tassel 

la. Silk showl for ladies. 




THE 

NIPPON LIFE INSURANCE 

CO., LTD. 

Established 1889. 

o 

Every sort of Life-Insnranoe it efTeoted at the moderate 

rate of Premiumt. 

Capital, Yen 300,000. 



Accumulated Funds, . . 
Amount Insured, . . . 
Amount paid on Claims, 
Number of Insured, . . 
Nomber of Claims paid, . 



B 1 0,000. 

8,980.000. 

218,120. 

32,600. 

789. 



Head Offlcxj — 15, Kitahamu SauchSmc, OSAKA. 

PRESIDENT. 

Z. KONOIKE. 

Vioe-Pres.— N. Kataoka, Esq* Manager— S, Ixumi, Esq, 

Ttr^nM a f^^' ^^» SetomoDocho, NUionbashiku, Tokyo. 
isranoiieB. ^-^^ j^ Karaaumani^ori, ghijoagaru, Kyoto. 

Hie Oompany has more tliau 200 Agencies all over the Elmpire, 
and the applioation will be everywhere accepted. 



"ASAHIUGERBEEF 

k OSAKA BEER BREWING CCLIMITED 
SniTA-HUBA, near OSAKA 




THE MOST PURE and WHOLESOME 

B 1 1 m 
iNjmN 

JlRde bj qnftlifiod Oemuii Brevieii, of tl]« best auiteriaU and 
most Imptoved mnabinei}. 




Yjum 

(PORCEUIN PAINTER.) 
Satsuim ware will be Painted by onhr. 



OMfrUtOBly- 



No. 197, Naka Niohome, Dojima, 
OSAKA, JAPAN. 

"SEIBUNDO," 



WHOLESALE IN 

Types, and Printing Machines, 
of all kinds. 



No. 4S, SSilmB Utadori SaBohome, 
Kitakn, Osaka, Japan. 



H ffl li 



NARA PREFECTURE. 

HirK. I nil*, MoMnhlno, ICAambS, ICiMi»id, TkhnwB, 

rraludimw. Hmqi-doUi*, mmqaUo-Mta, IndlMnk, ftm, 
wnntni Imapr* (mlloil jVora Kiiiyy<\ aTiielM bmJ* ot dMr-hcm, 
•ml mllrry; «lui In tha miToutiiiiiiK tumidij, iMliMr •«•, tu^ 
ilnipi. nilUin clntli, and ]*pK. 

Ntt«, llw r*i<iul n( tlie t>«foe(nTe nt tlia Mma nana WM dwi»|| 
iIm tnen rrigni ailemUiie frnm TIKI In THI, (lie mM of Ibt In^wW 
gntprnmnit an) IIm mnal flaariihintc dtj of Uiat tlm* whm tt» 
pnjmUrilv nl Itwilliiiini wu tMding tlie toof^ to «Mt iMfa hJ 
■{■Imliit tnnpl» nf vliirli wvna i«inaiii tn tli« jnmvl iaif. Tfaa 
irmmkl .<r llMt ra|<il»1 (o tlw lamiiicfl n( TwBMdiln lnl«{«nd 
Willi lliin |irn«|iYlt]', TlMre are mnr r>.'JUU liuiMta, and a psp"!*- 
ii'TD «( aciM). Til* nam* Nantn, inMniDS SooUian C^itel la 
MmM4iniM aiiplifil lo tlia riiy. It ii rl«wanl)T aHualad at Iba tool 
of liilli ami conlaiiv imnj placM ol liMirie Inlaiart. 

Saia ran t« f*ri1y rMolirO If Irain f rian (%du, ami B raUroad 
roniMVtinR ii willi KjBlo in tn fca enmrlPlnl early in 11198. 

Katn^ Jinlha. ■ HliuitS l«ti|>lr nf IIm lii«bnt KwMspal 
rrwlc, *■< t.HiikW in 7r>ri, and u (MicaM lo TakonlkarwU-Miv 
Mili'itn, KiilKnniulii-no-MLkaln, AntmnknTanp-noHikato and llbaa 
n-'Kaini. I^Vnm lli« Snt hrii a long, tliai^it Toad lMd( Ibraa^ a 
*>nl iir anririit trmi. Alnni; Uie mail ami atnol tlM Umpl* BM 
many tamr <krr tliai rniiiB Blaiut *iiillm iliat llity may f»«B<K food 
wliirli t« pnkl hr H» alirnUnti at lli« tea-bonni. Thu iWiiB Is 
krepiiig III* dm in lakl to b* thai TakrmikBandil-nn-HOinto nd* 
on a aliilf •Im *1im )m eame to imiila in Nva wlullMr b* blTilai 
llifi llin« otlin ilriliN lo mmr. I>ct*n lo Iba titna of Ui* RartMfc 
lion ilx rU>in(- »( om of IIkm dnr waa a aiiam paniabaU* If 
■Iratli. T1>e lcni|4« ia at lli* loot nl Hi. MIkaa, vbH* Iba Uag 
riihl riidii. Tlis main tniiUinB, IIk- Iva Moriad pl»Wg. Bad &• 
r.*>i.l.T. aio all |«lMlnl ml II {. Mtkl lluU Mm vmttm el fahMm 
MiiMa lrin|>)» in lliii nianvt o<inuni>nrail ban. Id Um a K ry w a 
are niBny Ivbh aial iriiii laiKarm, *lii)« llie nail taadiBH lofta 
trm|>l> IT linnl wilh atlm* made villi rim*, «li<aa aniaba la M 
l^ai tlial It u nakl thM no aoa lia< etv ominloil Ibcm. A law 
imini: ).ii1> in all4>iklBnn al Iba boikhna nmyied I? lb* tnMto 
)nl<-Tiri iliF llama DBlIn) bi^vn, iIm> (fp Jmuwihl baiat tngt M 

N-«ili !■! Uiw tf-mpbi ta TUnnltrraiDa Jinaba, a aHall bal BiMad 
Kbiuli) riiTitML Alao at Iba Mxth ia WBfakaw.jBMB, n— ia l y 



10 NAiiA l'iii:Fi:(TiUii:. 

callcil MikaFa-Yama. Tliougli tlio latter naino is proiioum^l like 
tliat of tlio hill lAck of Kasii(^ Jiii^Iia, the CliiueHO uluuracters are 
difrfireni; vis itp|K iiudeacl of H^y* Tlie hill, whioli ifi famoui in 
JtafmoBm poetiy, is ooverod with gnuii^ aiul liw only two or Uim 
Ubm, ftom the summit is a good view of Nairn and the plains Aboafc 
it 

Viffatsudo ^ rasoliad Igr a stasp fUgkii of stons stops i*'****^'«f 
tha hni on wUoaa aids it ia bnUi nioaffii fonndsd in 7M»«lia 
pnasnt building dataa from 1669. It oontaina a copper imags of the 
Bleven-faoed Kwannon, whiok ia aaid to have been plolced np on the 
ahcoe near Oaaka, and always to be warm like living fle«h. FVom 
tlie 1st to the 12tli of Maroh a festival is lield wUioh is cifaserved in 
the same old-fashioned way that has been used since the foundation 
of the temple more than 1100 years ago. A prooession with torehes 
pasna through the oonridor wliidi is for tliis reason called the 
TonhOalleiy. 

Doaoendiug from tliia temple tliere is another at tlie loft^ called 
SangiUsudo which is dedicated to tlie Threeeyed and Eiglit armed 
Kwannon. Tlie imagea of tliia and otlier deUios are veiy ancient 
and are well carved. The building is said to have been erected in 
758 and never to liave been repaired. 

Todaijii one of tlie principal temples of the Kegon sect, was 
founded in 723 ly Ityoben, at the command of the Emperoi' ShSmn. 
In it is enshrined tlie famous Daihatsu. 

• 

IjigmA aajn that, Ryobenli mother having long been chlldlem, he wm bom In 
answer to praycn oflurod to Kwannon. When two yMurs old he wm placed by his 
mother uudur a nml berry tree In tfhlga In the provliicu of Oiul, whore he wum 
bom; and, while uhe was picklutf the loav«ii, on caifle iiwoo|icd down upon 
tlio clilld wlioni It <«rrl(Ml thn>ugh the air to tliu top of a cuUur true In Nuru, 
wliere he wa» AniimI by a prlesit of the KuMigu temple. The child grew up to 
be a leamd privet and the founder of TSdalJI. For uOyfarauOur losing him hie 
mother wondered here and th^fre calling out the name of Iicr eun. One day, while 
traveling by boat on the Yodo River the hoppcn«d to huur one of tuT ftiUuw- 
pOMongen remark that the mHed prleet Ryuben Iiod In his uuly life been led by on 
eogleo. he at once went to Nora where she Ibund pnwni that hu wiie the ctillil wlM>m 
•he hod lost. The a'dar-true, whldi died In 1111 Is now reprusL'utvd by another 
called RyobciiHMgl which Is near the temiilo. 

The Daibulsu was erected liy the Emperor Shoinii. Tlie proparo- 
tions for oaiiting were ooinnienood iu 7i:i, aiid, after eight fuihiros, 
tlie image was fiuifihed iliree yean later. It Iiah siiiuo been reiiaired 
four times. The Buddlia is represented as sitting wiili crossud legs 
upon a lotus4iower. The dimensions sre as follows : — 

Heiglit 63ft. Gin. 

Length of face 16 „ 

BresAllh,, „ 9 „ 6 „ 

Length of e}'e-lrowB 6 „ G „ 



Haka FKirxcTiiiC. 

Ln^lhal^r* SfLUin. 



Lsnetli of Ina* Lt „ 

lAiiSllinfnnitnBBilimihla'totlllOW 19, 
„ H „ •ItvwtalMMl ■• IG, 

„ Uiiimb 4„ 9 n 

CircdiDfamii'a of lata* SB „ 

Jtul leliinl llw IMbaUa ara vuuij oU un^fM, md alio UIm tl 
tha flfiBJual templa. Tba (vaaaat boiUinc vta waeUd dwinf llw 
OamnJiii parinJ (ItUJ — Vnt.i), tba )«v>iona ooa liftviag bwn ia. 
atin^ tgr Rra. II U IT4 tL I9 ILC Fl., Anl U4 fL U^ Tb* 
IptkTM ■iirT.niklinc it an 17G0 tt in laiigUi. In than ud ia flw 
*[iaiti litck o( Um IMDnUn, an •iliilatUni b liekl ataty irrla^ la * 
l.>«rr raid of Uia Mmpla ia a big l>ll nil In 1a>a fawn laal In TSt. 
lu li«ic)it in L-t It. in. ; diMiiMw, f(. 1 in. ; atal tliieluM al «l|i 
8.4 in. Naarlj' 30 (ona o( aa|i]i«T ant 1 Im of tin «n« naad In Mi 
oHting. 

Kofaknji, fonnlail In ;iil, balnntpi to Uw Hoaao met ei AA 
illiiran. MiHit of lln matniiftrrDi boiklinip IliM lannm\T baloo^ to 
tliii lampla tia>a \eeu ilMtif^iil bf fi'*- Nan«nla, tlia noal faianaa 
ot tlima now in eiiatrim ia n( an ooUeniul ■liafW, ami iMieaJal la 
Kmnnon. T)ia original bniUino, nvrtad In hU, haiini ban 
bmon), 111* prMcnl nna inu built in ITrtO. 

fl<i<it!i n( i)h> flia-diviad p^eola ii a amall pom), otllad flaroMwa. 
n-i-ih*. •Iiieli in Taakonad aa one ot tit* aialil laintilnl watam of 
Nan. It ma maila in Imitation nl Biko^ a (amova pood 
in Inlia. 

TankiptM. aboal H miha n<«l)i.'<aat ot Nan ia tha Boat 
lamniu plara fo' plnm-hlr—o m a in J^an. Fw a diatanda <4 abort 
tB« miW tii>t]i htnki at llw Naltti Riwr, iibieti lonn* tba liiaialaij 
Ivtwern lli« proiineai ot In* and Vamalo, ara sAxml with tba 
ptiun-lnm wliiwa [Ta^Tanl fl-naa a'Dmel ooail* at vWtm la Iba 
Mrlj Kjainit I>n>oni piinc (min Nan majr taka tlia mad pawinc 
Uitnofili lahiXiiiiSec, Hinama, Himatof^, Kilann, anJ Moou^aaot 
In iPliiminii it ia oall In |[n to Kawfi. tliriMa Irr ta«t on tha Klan- 
^■a to Kim, wItPM' it ia aliaat 3 miln W jiunkiilia tn N«. 

In (t<>ing frnm Kiu'o, nna maj |n bf tiain to Ta^g^ a MaUaw 
on tli* Ksanaal RailmT- Tlia ^nnkidia rnail fiom tliiaa pMaaa 
tlirmi(li Cfno in llw faotioca ot ijpt. Tlia rvtarn may bo nadi l^ 
war nf Kaxaei ami Kiin. Kaiaci liaa Una asonar; awl ta natal la 
turt(>7. UsmbI anjra llMt Uw Sahara tManM (Sit— 6J«) aUli 



It HAnA PiixviciiTunx. 

<■ ft liiadiat «qpldilinii was laimlil iu A Kavtua Uinixkir-ulorui ; 

aad vM T^ttttM V Koknzo Dtwntnu, n ItiiillUiht iliviuity, Irtuu 

du^ wfaioh tlailtrinai liiin. Aa a jilalga tUat lio wdiiKI urest a 

• Omh, Im Mt bui hat nn tlm liill ; ImuJO tlia unmu RuA^i 

hig a lial-" Mt. Kaxogi was >nn>le tlm tum])i>ruy 

mjiernr (loilalgi} (LIl'J— IJUd) •liiriii); tliu (hiiiko 

KoriniU (■ ^^ fl''»> xtatiou fi'otn Nfira nii t1ie milrnid La 
(Mth ^Om town ountaiiis aimA 3,:iOU limueB uiul I^l.iKM) [»ri|i1ii. 
n «M tfRMrij tlM n>si<loiii« of n (I'li^liil IniJ, nml (Uu stxtio vmlla 
odiiuaiiolUi«M|]>i[..<-!;il .i^il.[r. Wl,... \'..i.. ».i»l1i,jmi>[lAl 
It mmdad to iriist ii now tba «Mlm and of KSrijrknw. 

HSrrBJt ii At ant M^ioa bqrond K9rijp»tiub T 
abiMrt on* aw of m mU* bom tb* (tation, la tlM < 
It «■■ totmHai It Prinos Bliatakii, lsin;{ iiom}ilatsil in BUT. Hm 
jMgotk umI KoDiIo wero iimoiig llu raigiiul Imililui(pi niul ue lliore- 
lore nearly lauo years old. TIte Imperial Ooveruineiit liau iu reueut 
]nMn taken spedal care to iffSserva tlieiio otliliceB nii'.l tlieir trooauret 
whioli inolnda aDoient imaged, maniuoripta, and paintiugH, 

Ona tliiid ot a mile wait of Hotj^ji ia Talauta River laincmi for 
the maple tieee growing ou ita banXa. Hirose Jiuslia, oiie third of a 
mile ionth of Hoiytiji Btetion; aiul TaUnta Jinelia, Ij miles north ot 
Oji Station, aia large 81iint3 leiniilai. Cliogmoiuiliijilj mileannrtlk- 
nuat ul Tabiiila Jiiudia in a wullJjuwu DtvlilhlKt ioiii)>lii fniiiMlul \y 
ITinoo tfliol«diii. 

Taysmadera, * lluJilliiiit lEunpIo IJ milm ooiiUi-woat rrum 
Sliiinoila StaUan, waa at first fonnleil in the prnvjuuo nf Knwoolii Igr 
rrinee Bhotuliu in liVi, bnt woe lomiiveil to tlie [iniwut luoatioa in 
07S. In thin lample Clinjoliime wove wilJi "IntuH-tlirenil" a 
mandam, wliich ia a Idnd ot Buddliiatie piBtuie. Tlie piotun aa well 
aa the room where it was woven are still shown. 

Kaihiwabara Jinibai about sj miles bohUi of Takoila 
Station, ia dedioaled to Jimma Tenno, ths ftixt EinjifTor of .laiiau. 
Hie villaea where it is aitoaloil was the first uniiitul <iF tlio cmiiiliy. 
The Bhinkaden o( tlie Nijo I'aUra in Kyoto, muautly removed 
liitbar, is Uie main boililing ol the (amplo. Half a mile north of the 
temple ia tlie Tiimulus ot Jimmn Toiiuu. It wan first euolosikl in 
1803, aiid the oater hIodb fanoe eleoled iu 1»T7. 

Knincdera ^ a Buddhist temple about two Au aoiitli of 
Kaahiwabara Jinaha. It ia aaid to liava been foanded early in the 
Tth Mutmy Vy Prinoa Knme, a yonoear Icother of Ejliotoku TaisliL 
Within the image of Yalitudii Nyoni, to whom it ia dedioalad ia 




MAftA PftBFBCTUftlL IS 

a muUler bmgb abcmt 9 inAm long which wm wonhiped hf PriJMt 
Knme. In a buildhig called Eido ara imagM of Koto DaUii And 
an Indian ivieat, both of whom onoe lived in Uiia monaalery. Tha 
latter biiiU tlie pagoda railed Talioto. 

TothinOi (lnn«: Ta<Riimi.5«, Fnkudii-ya, Zakcv^na, and Kapqrani) 
iff faiiioiiM f(c ilfi Iraiiiifnl elieny-Uoaiioniii. It ia aboni 9 Imitoa 
amith of Nan. Tliere are four roadi to thia plaea; one pagring oirtr 
tlie Hoao paaa, one over tlie Iniogi Paaa, one called the Yagi Road, 
and tlie fourth hf the way of Kunmuuaka and Shimdbodii. Tlia 
laM iff the moet eon^enient and tlie beet for Jinrikieliaa. Prom 
Mnlmida thia roail aaoenilii tlie hill, and etone poata are m^tad al 
9\nj eho to mark tlie tlintanoe. 90 dbo from Motaoda are 
many oVl clierry-troee tliat are ealled Nagunina^wM^kmL 10 oka 
f iirtlK«r on ia tlio tea-]io«M> ralloil Renbon-no^iaya oommandfaig g 
%irw of tlie elonlN of while liloMaoma in tlie Tallej below wlikh la 
callfvl Hitome-^nlmn, mraiiing "a t]ion<«nl treee neen at oneau** 
A f 10 titer ascent Iringi one to Naiiamaguri-mvimka (Aaeent of 8m«b 
TimiK) with a f^ne Yiew called Nippon-ga-liana, cr tlie Flowar of 
JA|«n. At tlie 3.kl oAo ii tlie Hid^e Ichi-ncliaahi, jnat befoia 
Yrwlitno ia reaeliel Tlie town, which extends about a mile from 
nnrtli to lunitli, in \mj qniet esoept during tlie few daya in vpring 
w1i<»n mtwiih come to Me the flowmi. At tlie farilier eml of the 
town in anntlier Iridgn called Tenno-huihi from wliieh tliere ia a 
fliie ^lew of the Mmniamii. Otiier fa^oralJe poettiona^ each having 
poiiM* |inrtir«l name are on tlie roail beyomL At a diatanca of 5U 
r^i friim Yctnhino in a ftmall temple calM Raipo-«n, which ia at far 
an ffii;htM^rff nKtwIly go. Tliere are a nnml«r of le mpl ae in Toabino 
of lii^tcirir not<iriMy. 

Omine i* a mmmtain ancrmleil t*\rrr tommer \n many pilgriBML 
At x\\ft ntimmit in a temple in Imnotir nf F»nno AiokaJm, tlie aaint 
ulin in the I4th century openod the iiumntain aa a mcred laeerl 
T1i<»re arv* many tronae imagee nqceM»nting the taint aa en a 
pilgrtmai^B wearing ane4ootlied wooden einga. Tbeve ia a toe viav 
f rcmi tlie enmmit which it aboni I& milee over a rtie p road ftmm 
Yiwliiiio. 

^r(•m ntninearoail of altrmate a^nenta ami deaoanta laadi to 
Mi*rn nbmit 90 miles distant: while Rliakagataka ia 15 aailaa 
farther. Tlieee tliree peaks with sevfTal Mhera in the tirinity an 
colb>rti«ely known as Ranpfovlake amlreganWl as saerad p l a us a 

Hatetlera (inns: Idaniya and Ycwliinrvys) ia in the t4ywn of 
11*^, \^ mile^ sonth from Nara. It is best reaeh«l from Hakwai, 
astationonthamilw«y wbaneailkiarirtiol %\ milas Igr JuvikialM^ 



14 Naua PUkficctuhk. 

It is the principal temple of the Shingi divisioD of the Sliiugon 
aeot^ and was founded iu 724. The magnifioent huildings of farmer 
times sufltamd grsatly from oonflagEationB. Tlie temple being bnUt 
upon e |datf arm estending from the lide of the monnteiii, nminds 
one of Ktyomisn Temple in KySio, At the top of e di^t of rtono 
■tope ietke Hondo dedioeted to the Bleven-faoed Kwannon, while 
the faoilding oelled Moto-HMeder» his lUOO bronie imegM of Siakft 
whiflh ere veiy old and of good wntkmanaUip. Two famoni pietiiiee 
of the Und oalled mandanL ere among the ireasuvea. The temple 
was noted for its peonies; bat nnfcrtunately the plants hAva been 
modh injured in recent fires. 

Tonomine i> the name applied to both a mountain and the 
ShintS shrine built upon it The temple, which is a fine specimen 
of the BySbn-Shinto style, is 8} miles soutli-west of Sekursi Station; 
end is dedicated to Fujiwsra Kamatsri, a famous steteaman of tlie 
7th oantoxy. His son Joe, who had been sent to China for study, 
letumedon loaruhig of his fatlior's deaUi and built tliis tomplo to 
which he removed his fatlier*! remains from the province of Bettso. 
It is said that the timbers of the thirteen^toried pagoda were broo^t 
from China, those which could not be taken into the junk Qying 
through the air. Another tradition says that KanuLtari withdrew 
with some of his friends to this mountain that th^ might plan to 
resist Bogano Irulce who was plotting to seise tlie throne. There 
are mai^ oheny and maple trees about the temple. 

Miwa Jinsha ^ * Shinto temple in the town of Miwa near 
Sakurai Station, and is said to have been founded before the time of 
Jimmu Tenno, Le. before 66U B.G. It differs from ordinary temples 
in having no main shrine, the peak of Mt Miwa taking its place. 
On the mountain and in tlie temple grounds are many old cedar 
trees. 

iBOnokami JlDsha is in a vilUtgs called Furu, about 7 i miles 
south from Nara. Here is preserved the famous sword called 
Totsuka or Amanohagiri Legend says tliat in the age of the gods 
Susanoo-no-Mikoto found an old man and woman weeping bitterly 
because e mammoth eight headed snake had already devoured seven 
of their daughters and would come that niglit to take the eiglitli and 
last When Susanoo-no-Mikoto asked if tliey would give him tlieir 
daughter for a wife in case he killed the monster, they gladly as- 
sented. He placed boIx in eight buckets, and when at night the snake 
became intoxicated therewith he flew upon it and cut it to pieces. 

The sword with which he did tliis is the Totsuka-no-tsurugi 
preserved in this temple, while in the tail of the snake was found 



KAftA PBBraOTUftS. 



U 



another twoid, tlie famcNif MankimMMuMninigi, cf 
ttnrngi, whkh ia ptwenrad al tba Atmiia Tcmpla fai tlia 
Owiri. 

2| milea toiith-ipwi of ttik tompla it mnoOm ealM 
JiMhA. 



|VOViB09 €W 

Ti 



TRADK 



♦/L» 



MARK. 



R. SUMIYAMA, 



^^"^H 



Shibano-thinymf Hanu JaptiL 

MAKUPACTITERE OP 

8U1CI (Iiktein iiJi) it om of Umimb thai art iimwI himmj to b» 
jndprd wlipilier it ia of good nahiflRnoo or noC Lately mbm 
oounning tnerolHinU, Ratting oliftnot in ihii rataon, Mil tlia ^my 
}md Roodii in Die nnreanonable prices. Thnae mannfaoliirftl hf onr 
(*o. were choned aa the bent SuMI ^7 ^ bm"^ eatobnUad writer, 
Murate KaiMkL Kadi of tliam weara onr Ca*e ICark and Ite 
moderate price. Henoe forth, any Ittd SUMI among tham will ba 
eaeily ehanged at all agents Mattering ovar Ja|ian. 

Trade Mark will be oarafnlly eauninad wImb tlMqr va 

going to be bought 




Eflitor of 

(Thr ^'"'^^ \nyt*k to till* fmnious and hiaiorkml 
^ plmvY) in Yammio; tho(iuide-book iothow 
in Nara: the phoUigrapliir pirtum of temples ami 
eminent plaopn; \'ariou« kimL« of Maps; etc., etc 



\^ 



Hashimoto, Nara, Japan. 



MIYE PREFECTURE. 

Till* )>«{«ctnra inalnW Uw |nniacm ot In, lea, BbiaM and ■ 
|iMln(KiL 'ilie fnnnaT, wtiieh w 11m miwt inipi«teiil,u«iUN««rt 
e«M>t III tlin !)■>• ul Owui Ttw nutail tnvm in Im ua Konaa, 
YfUwirlii, Tm, HatniMka, ami lljUyanuJt; ll« Urt Inu« Uw Mat 
ot 11m iniw. tanimn niiino lanii^ in Ja|an. TlmM ilMfcriin to tM ll 
(rmn Ktoln •Imnkl ■» lo Ki»aUn I7 tlM TSluUB Railwaj, anl tnm 
tli&nalrf tin Kvaiinu umI Bttifia liiioL ftnall iMaiawi |i> traaa 
Tm til tlM pvl «f t'jUjanuula, anl hi i^oaiiaiil — albw mv I* 
I««fanol I7 antiM In tb* raibcail 00 aoowuil of tlM nava of llw aoart 
tliat oan Uiia la gaitMd. 

KVWUIK ■■ in Um nirti mtl Mu emai o( Iw, at tht moalli ei 
Um IUea>K. In r«nl>l timaa Uii* was a (miil>*4owa laloa^af la Um 
HalmiUin lanuly. Haing opoo tba TokaUo, tha road oiar wUefa 
Um tiaini of h> manj daimjoa Ua<«l«il un tbair «aj Is aad froa 
Yeilii, il nu \rrj i«<W|i*Ton«. At llM i*amil UnM It ha* w*«ral 
Boiniitnmit oflirM ami lufff Mi«Tca»iile aiMaUiiibniaabL TIm ifaa 
ai'Jiuie" '«• will to In axrelM in )*aK|«iij oalj Igr thoM of T3tj3 
anJ i><«lu. 'Hie luu-Umr in liialy villi i1m arri*al aod daiaitiva of 
taaali <if dtdBreul kiniK Tba ptuuBpai {aoJaMiaaa an riMlUU 
anl nillnr. Ttie pc<tnUlloB ii 16,iKW. 

Tokkaiohi >■ ■ notnl prd ■ faw mila* mmlli ot Kaaaaa. Hm 
a««lldit ■tnamrra of tin N>i>(nn Yi««n (Iniriia tub Mwaan 
Ima ami Vidmiiaina. Tba Uijra C!ntlnii Htannini: Co. amploji mar 
S.'HJulianiK TiMiaiaalKi iIm raprr MaDofaditfinii Co. aad tba 
Oil Munnfartimim Co. tHiMi |val<ie«i<mii an ulk and I)m Banko 
potivry. Tin In* ahop liv pardiawne Dm lalur i* tlial of M aH uidw 
Kavaniora no UinaniunaebL Tlw pnpalatinn of Um town i« 
ll,D:ig. 

The TnnoyamK Hot Sprisg <• n mii^ »o^ »* ToUalAl. 

Itoinc >iffTnTitklnl nntlinanidnlgr mnanUitWitlM Inwnlaeool aaJlba 
tnrnrnr Inantilnl. TlM tatiia, wlitdi *» not of a liifh tampMBtva, 
IC mnrkleml Iienafleial fur eniunmptiiM ami thoaa nAtiiif fTMH 
btUr. Tlxra an lltna inn* vallaJ KntolnkUai, AnahUal, anJ 
fhniliiHii- KiollMT np Um Aaam wliirii How* naai ttr ii a walv- 
fall \ioU,Vii'- 

VftkOBohaDK >■ "* "M^ ■!'•» '" "•• ••**•<'« ailaaJtiif Ircaa 
Xiia-rlin'a. S nii'i>* ■oath of VnUuirlii, U> Rliimo-ttUa. II la 
niVnl liM it* nivr wrinr *^ >)<> mirapM Mwo lowanh 1h* aad M 
■ftiiicinl tlid^ninGOf •nram**, bImh llirta •am lo hn indla- 
a livvn, aaiUea, looara, aniiaala, aad Maib 



U Km PMirBOTVBB. I 

nk h lowtt a» iiwHm. Tka li«nuli in b lro«I aip*"** "f "'■'u 
«nd dotM villi fliiM. Umbo ik >Uo b iuin|ili><r irtnooft. lituli, 
«Ui ^ tnnk V ft. In draMdcrenca, vlrnm Iraiiatia* o'lvw • i^mu 
IlOft^DM*. AtadWuMillouKHliLoklVb-Biualfull*. 

TNi Um mglM d Uw |n>fuitUirH, in alxiut 3il m LIim Miutli »f 
TcUaUil. lb* IwtttsftM ]>ikiJDii tlirmi^li tlie cily. Iti fenM 
' iKKiiiH lo Ilia 'j'O'ia rniitlly, v' 
I, TO ft anUxl |?>iK>rnl iiiulir lIuUtfuHlil mhI 
InfHB. ItliMUIllMMtat ptmjBti-iui oily in Iw; tMiiiiR Rwiiy 
tiiiMiiwwil ctttM sad Imp ■uuuaiilila (xtkUli-liiMiitK Kavnnuiijl, 
» nolad BnJJhht tanpte ritwlotl in ilia luiiinr at Ilia liiy, uuataiu 
ft itcMM IM wliUt fl mU to hi>u Wii lukoii riomili* im tu T»9, 
and h nawitd with Um hi^B<t vi-iiiTaiiuu. Tliu i>uUia jurli ma 
l«Bflbggi>iliua>iiu)-i>. Itufon' it i« Oia ThIw- 
id to nffi Toliainrft. TliQ priylnoiiiiiii of Ilia 
0% an Um froU ol tlie egg-plant, laiu, potlei; {AJat^naK), 
muilia, etc. 

SmuIiu^ a noted DnUliist temple. Is dlnaled at Isdiindeu, alrnit 
S mile* nonh ot tlie oity. Tlie main bnikling ii deJioated to 
Bbiman, it> foimdeT. In the AmidaJo is a famooB goklan image, 
lilte that at Zenkoji iu Uie ittDiinoe of Sliiuauo. Tlie large biiiU- 
iUD^ with their furuituie and gaidena aie very beautiful. 

KarUQ i* tlie name Biven toa Btreluli of na-sliois 6 milai aooth 
of Tni and a little moro than 1 mile ttom Tnkncliaya Station on 
the Sangn Bailioftd. Tliere aie fine >iewB, anil many peoi>le go 
tliere in the mmunet to lathe in (lie sea. Tli3 inn oalloJ Niudintan- 
kmn ft among the pinea growing on the sliiin!. * 

Kanm Jlnilia, a SliLuto temple, at ¥aiiomiu^ Knramiinki, U 
dedicated to Wakaliinune-utvHikolii, the yoiuieer uiiler uf Amateraau- 
Omikami and tlie inveotoi ol weaving. I'or tliis reason lulgrimi 
to Daijin^ at Yamaila miially visit Uiis tatnple also. 

Katamtka, 19mileiBDntliofTsn,i8aniiiipoilan(1]aiiiiasa<wntM 
for tlie people ol Yamato and KiL In March, luga, SUUU buildinga, 
oonatiltiting two tliirJu of the town, were ilaiitroyal liy Hre, a Ujw 
from whicli it has not yet reoovereJ. Tlieultief lorodiictiou iHootlon 
olotli. yimammo Jiiudia la a Sliiulo temple doihaatej lo the two 
noted auholan, Uotooii Huriiuga nitil HirAla Atsutaw. The f or. 
mer was the anllioi of tlio well known poem. "U ya aali what it 
the patriotia spirit of Japan; it a like the wiU alien]' II oiaomB 
fragrant in the niomiug Bun-light." Theporkiiu the weiterii port 
of tlie town wa« onse tlie site of a oaatle, Bung on high groinul, it 



^SfMi.istuu. 



if^^f 







IfiTK mRmrruRK 19 

1 ' ji- VntniuUi, A town at Uie mmlli-eiuiteni earner of Im, and IS 
iiiilcN ffmiih «»f MAUnmkii, in tlie kaI of tlie groal Itinpto oUM 
IhiijiiiRiu It in iNit A fow tko from the Miyn^kwa Station oo the 
Hniipi lUiltmy. Tlie moet f*motifi iniui are Unitacdii and Abm-jna. 
Ill Aikli'ton'to ■everal goTemmeni bniklini** tliere are thoat of tba 
YaniAiU BiitiintitR Ctu ami <1te YamafU Tea MannfaotnringCo. TwnakAki 
R*. in tlio fatttniM ipuuicr fnr proatitotea. Tlie obief produetkni tft 
tea, lacqiier ware, iinila«Ua% paper, tofaaooo pooohea, medicine, Aq> 
Tlicre are maiiy Ktorea far tlie Rale of leligioafli pioturta and oMmt 
artiolew tved in Siinto woraliip. In ppring, when paaianta have 
etiimiileralite lelniire, tliouaanda from all parti of the eooatiy nake 
a inlpiiiiagu to tlie (emplon. 

At aome of tlie inna and tea lioaaea, rqcIi aa the Bbeoya in 
lM*Tiiir1ii, f;ir|p, Fiinilarly dreened tit Iriglit clotliea, perfom a 
cel<*lcaU««l tlaiKV nallod fr^^Hth*, A religi(>iM tlanoe called kagma ia 
aIiM> |ierfarnMil at the temple before the pilgrtma who elMMM lo 
pay f(ir it. Tlie imlinary cliarpea are; f<« the Im omh, 2 to 6 fm; 
for fhc bvjtmk, 5 to 20 ytn. 

Tlic lo*>t ftritcr ft«r rering the niglilA of the town and ita neighbor- 
h«x*l i«» a^ fiiHow*.; ih-kn (Outer Tempi**) Naiku (Inner Temple), 
A«aina}Aiiia, Fiitami, and To(«. Tlie following liai gif ea diatannea 
from Okaittot(»-cho in tlie town: — 

(k^ku 1 } rho Fntami S n 6 dU 

Naikn 1 ri 1 rhn Tol« 4 „ SO „ 

A«aniA>atiia 3 ri 12 rA(i Kamiya!ihiro(8teanMr landing)! « • „ 

OekUt th<* Outer Temple, ta at the noutliem end of the town, 
near Ta*eina<'hL It ta alfto ralletl Tm'otike I>ai Jingn beeanae dadi- 
ratftl to Tmo>diehime-no-Kami, tlie Omileaa of Food. TUe temple 
apiwam to be mrrfU to a deifW»tioii of the eartli, and Naikn to that 
of the nun. T1ier<» are many ■eeou'Ury deitiea ; among tbam bstng 
Ninigi-n<vMtkoio, (7aial«on of Amateraito and the anoeator of the 
Fjniieror*, aUo Amanoko}'ane-no-liikoto and AmanofulodanuMM^ 
Mik(»to, who a<v(>m|«nied tlie flrat in her di«aoent to earth. The 
vmtltic IK Maid to lia^e \t*n fuitndeil in 47rt. Ita arehileetare ia in 
tlie I'lrret aint oklost atyl<», tliere beiiif* no |minting nr ear^ii^ 
aiMl but few metal nriiainftita. In the 7th eentnry tlie Rmpenv 
Teininti nrlatiifd tliat thia temple an<l Naikn ■hooU be ra- 
nm^ nirtnl e^^ry twenty year*, tlie new Uiiklinga to be in etery 
|inrtiiM*Ur jimt t^e the okL Tliia i*nleT liaa Itfon atrk^y obvned 
until til** |irr*eiit r.tne. Tlie orreniotiy rallf^l WWtw ay i, wlien tlie 
«art<<«l rrMMniiK are iemo«Ml from the okl t<i tlie new templea. ia 
nitncMoil \ty rtomtla (»f ^Igrima. lla Uat ooconenoe waa in (Molar, 



10 VivR PmmHnniBii. 

UM. TbMi tanplM ham tnta aaafmi iline* 1«cii lisbl in tlio 
putm hottoiir Iff bU, from Qm W ia^tM ilowii to Ilia lnwwtt uIonms. 
IfeataB^ycnnlihsnM MM ollua noran; uuJ tliQ SliiiMu-vlii 
(DfalM IMe), >Mt onWte, liH U) acniK. Tl>e Inlifir, wlitoli tniB 

'""_ ' * _ " " d Tiiy.ikawn aroolB. II wai 

I Iff OfMOt Bfilba^ * iplllliiw ol Tokyo, ftiid ia (utatnlly 
. willow, Bzalaa, aiid otliBT 
in extent wliiult is Mlled 




On Togrotanw Bt. ta tba ArlMillnnl Hall, lAm tntAJUkA 

- lUiift Mi'wg. ptd^ tfk 

» with t)M toob, waphgndi to 
fliun. TlMraBi«ftlMqi«diMiii^inodali,boaki,«iidrist!iUo«]MiM 
oonbilnied Igr penou in ill paria of the ouuntry. Tlis raason (or 
«uah ui siliiliitiou lisre in lliat llie ileiliea wonliipail in tba 
templM are oonuikred to le tlw otlijtaaloiii iiul jroteuton ot 
•gnonltim. 

Tlie (XBce of tlie Sliinen-kml (Divine Park ABBDaittion) ia in tba 
AgricDttonl Hall. Tlie otijeat of llie Maoaiatiun la to effaot llie 
ramoval of tlioHa lioiiaea wliidi in Uie oouteo of time Imva oome to 
1« Iniilt ou tliB loinplo UimIh; tliat lu tliJH way tlio ([rmuula iiwy 
be kept from inllutiou auil tlio lUugei of Bn leaaeueiL Tlie 
Uoaonry J'lwideut is H.I.H. I'rinoe ArimiBawH. Tlie unoaiktlou 
plane to eiitaUiHU in liiitG a MuEeuni uf AiiUiiiitioa in wliJuU to 
etltiUt old plotima, muiueoripta, leuiile tiiruitare, Jto. amn^ In 
hiatoiical aaqnanoe. The Agrioiiltiml Hall will form one part of 



KiyUKki Library U on Oliamoto SL, uat of Oeko. it la 
announded 1^ a tlilck grove tlirougli wliluli llowa a stream of clsai 
water. Before tlie liLraiy ia tlie liill called TBiuvumlgadalie. TLe 
libraiy waa ealablialied in 1|113 liy a Shinto prisat iiamud Watai:if 
NolAVOalii, a fanioiui itninrinliHt, wlinno pUn it waa to tpUUw ban 
the prleata of Gtika In order to iimtiuut tliem in tlie ftpiiMan 
oUfaica and in Bliinto boidiii. It ia iion- held Igr at) wNooiation 
called Bekicliu wliioli liita oter ^U nicmbetB. Meai Hit litiwy are 
tlietaniDug Irees called YanS'zaliurB, or Rool CLerriea ; ao named 
lieaauie, on Ilia roof of Uie building taken \iy Nobayoaki for tlie 
liliai7, tliere erev a little olieny liee wliioU he trauaplnntad and 
from wbiob the otLeni have been {sodnoadt In wftins their beauty 




MiTR PRRFBOTUBI. SI 

ailmHx tiuiny vi^Ham. 

• 

JiyAkatho*ji ^ * nndilliiM tample in Nalumodia It bslongi lo 
tlw J5(lo isot, betag fovnded in lGi7 \j (^itJuui, aprital from Ohioo4B 
in Ky5u>. In 1774 Uie f amoTw priol^ Oamen ouim lo ntUb in Um 
trniple. It iarmaly IumI many an^isnt mAniiKBr^plii piolm^ and 
(HIkt (rcMTirM; Imt in 1Hj91 theM, t«9Btlier with tiia mala tntpli^ 
wcro clntitrnyoil 1^ fire, no Uiat now Uiifa are only tba two litMlufi 
called iC>oito and KyoaS. 

Clrippn. whA vim a nnUvv of Wfii f ii ww fbnd of painUnc 
When hm llml In Uila lompi* li) vim nvuvM tijr •vvry «■• an wy i 
4nrr He w«mM piilnl fiMnfVM (Mily Ibr i lw vbo piv« Mm a ! 
Inrmllty.twtwrvOT. hcdUUita InrnilM' lofil wfc 
Mfdnt ihr pnor |iin|4o nf Um I»v». U* dlid in tan. •! «n •! 
ntofiwmmt w w vncfM in rm mcnmvjt. 

The lautn RiTer flowing Igr Hi* Naflra haa nMh 
tliat tlie fish twtnuning in it ean be plainly taea. It ia alao known 
hy Uie namM Mimoraio (aoUi-wMOUng) and UJl Tba UJl Bkidfi 
whicli croMen it is aoo ft long and 25 ft Iroad. At aaoh and are 
tlK) Odoni, or Great nrii, tlirot^ whidi all riiiton to Naflra rnnH 
imM. Fartlier up Uie riv«r, Odaki, or Great Watarfkll, hat a haighi 
of 60 ft Many enrioiMi rooki in the rirer hava namia aoeh aa 
Mirror Rock, Clieeker .board Btone, 8aa«ar Stone, Ab. 

Nnika, tlM» inner Temple is at the foot of Ift KamijI, and on 
tlie right bank of the leosn Hirer. After paant^ throqgh tha Aral 
Uwii^ tlie iHlgrinm go down to the bank of tha rirer thai thigr wa§j 
wAnh tlieir lumdn ami rinM their montlm in preparation for woniiiph 
It in fleilicAtod to tlie fktn GoikleMi, Analnaaii^Mlkanii, who It 
regftnlcil M anoeMiriM of the Imperial Family. Ihoo^ thia fodiim 
luul been wor^htped in Uie PaUoe itself nntil tha raign of tha 
Fjnpi*ror ainjin (07— SO, a C), tlie tltrine was than remoiad lo 
KsssniU, % Tillsfte in Yanialo, in artier that it might be lem IkiMa lo 
litiman pnlltition. In 4 H C it was again remored in nnnmniMnea 
of a divine re\elation to tliat iflael giren to the Prlneasa Tamalo- 
]iim(».uo.Mikoin, who was commanded to take diargi of tha riirina. 
Hence arose tlie oustom, wliidi oontinoed mitO tha 14th oantafj of 
uakiiig a virgin jvinerm tlie P|«dal gnarUian of tl« lanipla, and 
entrtiaing Iter witli tlie mirror wliidi Is tlia emblam of tha 8an 
GodileM. It is Uiosieen tliat the great reference paid to the laeTMttplaa 
in partly on iffwunt of tlietr anUqotty, bntespeoially on aeeo ant of their 
c<>nni»rtion wifi the Imperial Hooiwhold ; so tliat any one dtaecraling 
tlirm wtmki be rqpurdml with the same horror and lialrad thai wonld 
\m direru^ to any one guilty of irreverenee toward tha reigning 
Rm|«ror or hi^ Fanily. Among other deltjes worthipad here are 

Amauo4ajikarao-no.llilpto and YoroanUiyo-akilanwtiiAiiaMK^^^ 



SS MirH PKKKKnTunii. 

lamg ona of tlie ancoBtraiMB at Uie Imperial Puiiily. 



Urtli 10 Auiulenm^OiulIiiiiul uiul llw dullu TwHIynul «ad 
I-bom divlw tii4n(ii prnvliwtlwiiwBivB|nBilyMtiHWrlD 
hl|li hT«r vlUi Un Mljr IiouwI. lis emiinlialMnI 

1 IteklfuiHl-iw-inlkrHe la Mvnn 



nr tl» dulhrauB) dcltj' loil lii> lUUr Id Uuialua lb 



piuiUuDeiil or uUa. IMvm fn 



bnUHn. Tliar *U UMid la ■ Biuiila ftit Uie loi 
muliHd Witt OkBBlBiiital-iHHDikola. but hli rulni m 
dMorbtd. BukuKlUko-HHiilkoto, BiBooftliuUlutyor 
om tiM iH, hailiv nalvi4 hl> lUlwi'i onunuuxl. uul 
Dw <iiH »ai t MIOi m aim Uhi Uuvr arogrtiilu o.al 

OkuBlniutil-uii-inlkDto aiid lili ■uiu ixli 



iwbLlo, In Tukamono-littni, Ai 



na-kuDl In Tuyiualillim gugbl lg Lki fovutiiu] Li/ luir khi, ^ 

uil, bjanlscorUkgDellyiirHKVmi.liulilBi 

. Tlniy wan IkUi lumiuurul, lianninir, by (Ikiiol-nuili 



■Inn Iqr tiw IMtyor llovau (iut iiit i 



>u IiuhI, 11a, 1 
i.i<.>-kiui>i. I»l . 
BlHiuihl-iiiiHulkota of l^ « 



laddM. 



or Uis Dull/ of Hui*o ^ .__._. 

jftinntd bUu llwt, paoot hiivlni 'bn miliiRd In UldiulH^na- 
Hd lo fDTHB II. tl«, iBmtnmf; priati Uul blami, Nlulgi 



MiYB PRBrSOTUBS. tt 

noJnlkoCA, mlgM ht mmi In hH «(«<v1. im>1 thw dMmennnntlng; fir* lo ]f|nHtl->M- 
imkoln a — w w t ut '^ to nili> orrr MkUHtHwrnwliiml af Tof CMiiillMia, tutA H — I wl liw Ml 
l>fMp»fity w> Writ «« h««riNi aifl trnth ^lovl I •n-lfir«. Mm ftMtlHr 9iV« Ii*ni Iht 
YMwka )*w«l, tiM Yawik^ Minor, mrtA Vm K n ^ u mtl *«ort, «^nf : *«T1il« mlnar li •/ 
Vpim.fagaH H « my««lf.** Th^natll»fth tha Jawol, MlfHH, ani WaroH, ftm PHil m 
tH# thfM itffaekMn iHka of Um <!••«, ««v« UM«mltt«4 fVooi K wp tiof t > K wpi wi 
thtnaifh nil t«<fwr«tl<M«^ 

" TlK» t>rr<HrtNl «IHtr, ffafa 1:*hlkn, r'rwirlnff fw»w<»»f Ihwafimiyictiaf Win Hi . i i^ 
niilintn ani hH fllirlVM* Mlmv*. mm* mii fn fff«>ri him. TTiiHrr hH g wlitaw n w lt| w| || i J f . 
ifilktifn |«Miail lo TtokarhllKwMiioiitMlit In llyiir*. antl tonk m|> hH alairfa a| KMNI 
IVaitnnloty In A<la (t*nm K:«*«la |Hnt In A*i«*nt«i>. NlttlKt-miaiilk'4 » l^mk In vlfb lint 
•teoRttt r of a t*rr*«lri!tl 'IHty, mml bj bt hjfl t««* ««*% lf*Mi*fl.wwmlk<i|>t and 
nikoh<4iO'l«iR|.n«winlkotn. Thi*« tlafiiiM Ml nni nnl IbnirttC, with Ilia r<«^4 ttial Iht 
jroonfar aa'wla^ fiia H-l«»r l*]r tht aH of lh« tMtf of tha an vhoat «lMi0i|f M lMi4 
RmttM. Tha Tkinf«4«Mi Upwy»4 Wk la» « i, aHr> nvrntMl a ilanhl'tof tho w u rtw a tfaHf 
and ImhI Katr arm*, It^owsato-mtkoln, |nalt|.iia.ifilko|A, M lk » w.no. mi k<<«s awl |wa i » l il» 
ka.nvjnlkair\ of whma th^ f raft i and jrnq>tf«t rf|«r#«rta ba«w* fha KmfmmM 
Jlmrnn. |nah|.noHnlko|o vrnt t<» thatlnmlnimi of h44 moth^ ov«>r the w«?M aAl 
Mii(*>tio.iiA.mlkn|o tit tha r.r>iHU«(t Tnknro.** C Tha lf»i«off]r of tha Raiplft af 
Jiqnn ** patpaiad by tha |)Pf«ftnp«4 of R>ltt i.Uoi«.) 

Atama-yAIIlA, *> niilm diKUnt fntin Ujt-TAmiiiU, ia iMoliad Iqr a 
riniil tlmt im^MOA Iv^liiml iIia Sliiit'fii (Di'iin rork) o( ilio Naikti, and 
rtiiin ill All ortsicrly (1trcj;>i«tit (liruiigh tlio iV)kU aikI Among the ItilU. 
(hi tlio inouii'jiiii, which tii l/^O) ft ftUtve (lie l«v«l ol tlie tna, 
U Kongo.hoji, A HtkUiitHi ioniplo (loili'mted to K<tkiU5 BoMiUn, aimI 
Iploiigtiig to the RiiixAi (li%ifii«m of the 7a*u meU A» mtIj m tkt 
Gth centtinr, (he Etiipcinr Kinimri ia raUl fo luiv« tmiU a Iraiple (or 
A ]irirft luunM OyoiUi, who lived on thin monntAin. In 131K) * 
priiHtt nAnie<l Tophkn ivbuiU the tomple whnne ImiklingR liad falton 
into tW*my. Hiiloyovhi, Icyaiiti, Ainl ae«<*rAl rintmipM |t»ve ^it«nkif« 
UntU 'ni<»re ia a ftiie ^iow; on (he left liaikl 1«inff «een BU^y 
«in«^pff Aikl fiekU ; on the n|{ht, hi(;h pre.*tpi'^eis ro.'*Xy ravinM, and 
mountjiin a(reiama; while in fron* are tlie Itoj of lae Ukl lb* 
IV'ifV 0.<«An. Whon the air ii olo^r, Monn* Fuji ran \m ■•en ill 
tito (liatAn^e ; m aUo the Tolrmno of A^anui, ftivl tlie peaks of 
FtiiA|!<niinuk, Akil«.<ukn, Konu^^tak^ TfttioAmii, (hitake, NortkwA^ 
Ibtikiyamt, Tedo-nan, Buxnkii-TiitMk, oic. AhonI 10 tko from Un 
trnipli* A/0 oknno.in, (Iniynr Tl•mpl♦•^, I>otik*Hin (Sea-^obhUnf 
(/hnatrr's Aiy\ Fnjimt^«i ('Kiiii.a«i(»in|! TUtftvin), lite Utl^ P^iof an 
ei(rtklp«| ^ irw ernlcarii^ tlie ol^vta Irf <«« nfMitioneiL Tlie ftemp«a> 

titre la mtvlmiu*: l«*inR 31*^ in niutrr ami HfT-* in mid-nuntwr. 
TlM*re kiv two <if (hitw inn*. 

FatAini-ttra* i* * cencrAl nitnr p\rn to tlie aiHt^hare ncvth of 
ANimA\Ajnii, from i^hirh it i« aKftit .1 mtiM tlisrtAnt. Its viwt, 
whi^h in'*ltkle RUmpa*k« of mai^ i^UntU eiiil Iava, «ra n>ptrdad as 
ftm(tn(( tlie fineat to |« fonikl on any of the ai*ft-«h(we« of Jafian. 
Nov a little ]Vi>jncttoa of Uihl *m\M Tn^htiolii-iAki, al tha 
enil of tlie ilKve, aro two famona rocka, oiia oonydiKaU^ 



M UtYi PnxrwrruiiV, 

Abb Dm oUmt, adlod Myd:o Iwit, ur Uiulvml «iij Wilu llosks. 

i ilonr npt ^dUMfciuuu) it sinilulial trtym ona la tlio otiinr. 
XblbtVrt el tl» hrtttr in an ft.; niuULat uf lliuuiulkr, 13 tk 
nM(r«n W hmt tliQ sliora Ilia'. Uiey uau le reulieJ a', low tido by 
imlUntk ItbNtUtliat itiHiiriiigiliDmririimyHimrLMiiIr^m ImIiIihI 
Wa^ tai latltui Umho iojIu, [uriniiig a branUdil BieUt tliul m afUtn 
jfataVd IrailiMa. Crawds at Bliinloisls BOina ou llie lat ot JmnuWy 
lawcnli^tlMlWBgBun w •aeuattliisiilAoa. OUier uuUmI raiki a» 
Kn^m Idit (Wbik S'.oiie), Hnna Iwft (Nou R.iJi), Tuulut Iwa 
(OoeM Oonb BoA), B>oIhi Iw.i (Saiea Ilajk), ato. Tliay are of 
diktit* idkli^ ft BatMampliiu Blala, aoioe ol tliem linving alxi-pat 
WWllUln Uw gttia of wooiL Tlia color U .lark browii. Sliell flMl 
■bMBd ■long Ibl dwe, and Itoin tlia amply dieiln mauy oriumentB 
■MBMillwliiahaN Bold in Uie alioin at tliia iilaoa. KaiaiU Y»kujo 
ll a f]«M fot w tilhing eiUblishod in 1-4 U, iu EiittabloiiBss fur Uiat 
pwpoM haviug bMa attested Igr Nagajro Sausai, tlien at tlie head o[ 
tlM Boanl of Heallli. The arm of pla^n uwd loi tliU pnrpon ii 
tbiee f anrtbK ol an acre. Neti 1y are varin hallia (Kaiaui Onyokn- 
Ja) ealaUuilied in the aame year for llioee paLianta who aan not 
endure the sold trater. Tlisn are 5 tathins tnba wparated tor tita 
aoiaa. Viaiton oome oliiefly in the anmmer; and evan in 19t)6, they 
are aaid to haie numbered 10,000. Hinjitau-kwan if a lull louided 
in law by the BhinenJimi, tar lodging and eatertaining membari 
of tbe aaaouation, and people of rank. It «aa visital in ldtl7 by 
H.I.U., the EmireH Dowager ; and m IdOl 1? H.I.H., Uie Crown 
Prinoe, who ipeut tlie anmmer thtn. Visitor* Vy poyiuff 10 laii oaii aoe 
tlw looma, and the ahjpOii Iraunred tliore. 'f Ihud [h a fliio viow 
fmn tlM Moonil irtvty. Inn* at I'ulaiiil-inra nro MatHinuOw'ya aud 
Onaan, the latUr having airangemsnla fur aea-lithing. Tliere ia 
a good jhiriUtha^oad from thia plaoa to Tofao. 

Tobft, the pimupal town of Uia {covinoe of Slimia, ia 6 mllea 
noTth-eaat of Fntami, and juM oppoaile Cap« Iiako in the proving* 
ot Uikawa. The provinoe of Shima ia Bnnauiided l^ water except on 
tha weat, and Tola ii at the nortliem ami. Tlie harbour ia about 
3,000 ft. ia length ai^ tlie aaiQe in Iroadth. Before it are Hv«tal 
■mall ialaada wliicli aot a» a natnral Lroak-water, tlina fomlng an 
euellent aheller for hoata aeeking to osoape tlio dangui which 
maka Enahu Hada on the eaat, and Kiunsoo Sea on Die lauth. 
mat to be dreaded by aailora. Hiyoriyaina (Wealhar Uount}, at tlie 
north-weatem part ol the town, ia bo nailed beouae aailon are 
aooDBtomed to aaoead it in order to judge from the appeaiaoiM of 
d^, aea, and monulaina what weather la to be expected. There ia 



lllTB PRBrSCTORB. t5 

A gool Tww of the monntAiiit in If ikmwa. 

Sngethima >n tlte bay of Tofaa, is A pictnretqitt iito firinoMl Igr 
lAr^o ro.*kfi and eoverod with pine*. It hM a liglit-hooM, 170 ft 
high, nuwte of wliite itona. Tlie liglit cmn be leen 17 milee el eei^ 



,„.^m^ On pege 10 of the Allied 
Prefetniee, the ileleniente eooflemi]^ 
A religioiie dunce eeJIed kagmra thonkl 
hete been ertf«d; tlieir Aii|ieAnuMe in 
the lett being bgr mistAJw. 



C^AN^EI I^AILWAY:^ 



Main OfTice: Vokkaichi, Miyeken. 




is A Ttry welUoiaini fael to ^rtrnj H^rttm iltfil Im DtiJIofi 
(Ilia thrine dedictied from tim* immemorUl to tb« Oodtai 
TnMhd, th« fomidtr of our Empift), and FatamUpuitni (a §m 
than imcfi only 1 ri diiUnt for JinrikidtA from tb« ihriot) 
■t«ndii eqtuil in imporlAnoe to Kioto and HiwMm tm 
wortli TiMiing for pl«uiur»-«eek0rt. Our fatourite leeendi 
nteted wiUi thoie pteoM can luudly find room hen, TIm foUioM 
tad Mcnd 8agi-far««t «t Ui« fit* of tlM iJiriM, Um limpUeity in 
iljrto and parity in work of the Rnuid thrine ttchitoetom, and tha 
baantifo] water and binff aoenery of Fntarai-ga-nra is eaolt nniqnt of 
iAikind. 

Tha Kanaai Railway, branching off from the Tokaido Una at 
Kmntsn on lAka Biwa, will take ooa in S hom to tlia City Tan, 
oo tha oalm, bloa waters of laa-biy, whanea he yutnt to the Buagi 
line (Uierallj Pilpimage line) without dianging «aia, and in anotbar 
hoar raaeliea the ahrina to enjoy aoma laal old Japaneae aeaaanr. 

The KaiiM Railway alao inr^aa aa an alter nati^ roata, to tha 
Tokaido line, from KoMtsa to Nagnya. One coming tram tha 
weat to Nagoya, wlien lie leala the aver-iaoamng moantain aae n ai i 
after paMung Kioto become monotoooaa, may eonTvniently nh a n gi 
eafi at Kumtan to the Kanaai line to an)ny the balmy tky 
laa^y oo tha tnin to Nago^ 



t7 

AICHI PREFECTURE. 

Vagoya (Inni:SliiD*3li*1 in (orrign ityle, Tain«d»7A, ShnkiiMS), 
tht (mpitftl of Aiolii I'refAoltire and Uie largMi d'y on Um TCUdo 
between To)oo and Kyoto, extendi 8 milee from eaat to weet and 
S| mUot frnm nortli to eonUi. It eontaine 44,io3 lioaeee and 
178,^9 inhaUtantt. It ii noted for the manofaotore of poroelain, 
doieonne, fans, and liandkerdiiefe. Among the principal deakrs 
in poraUin are Matsamnra, Hirakn^ and Takito; in oloiennn^ 
Ifoiimoto, Honda, Takenolii; in fane, Daikoki^ra ; and in eiOi 
fooda, Its and Daimani. In addition to the government otteee and 
eourU, there ii a penitentianr, medioal eohool, hoepital, ncrmal 
ediool, oommerdal eeliool, mnaenm, educational mnaenm, Jb. 
Flte newnpapeni are pnldialted in Uie eitj. 

In feudal timee Nagoya wan Uie reeidenoe of the Laid ol (hiail 
who belonged to one of the three (heat Pamiliee (Goeanlw) from 
whieh tlie Toknpiwa Sli5gnns eoald be olioeen. Tlie oaetle, which 
remain* as one of the mo^ noted stmeitires in Jaiian, was built in 
10 lU bj twenty great feutUl limb for Tokogawa Naoyoelii, a son of 
leyaen. Prom tliat time Nagoya became one of tlie larfMt and 
most donriftliinf; citiM in Japan. In aiVlitlfm to the fasilitiee 
affnnlrti Inr tlie ToliaidS Railway, it is liiifird tliat esteniiions of the 
Kwanwai and Nakaseiittd lines will soon be oomplefed. 

Tlie castlf*, wlii<*li is in the n<ellieni part of tlie city, eame into 
tlie liamls of tlie War Department wlien tlie feudal l««de gave op 
tlietr fiefs. A ganisftn is now stati<ined there. A part ol the 
eastle, however, has lately bren made Imperial property undsr the 
name of tlie Nsgivya l*alaoe. Tlie fhiMitnried keep of tlie eaatle wae 
built bnr Ksto Kirnmssa, one of Hideyotihi's generals in tlie iavaaiofi 
of Corea. Tlie (»n|ili»n dolplitns (kin no •Arin4«Aolt>} on the top are 
well-known. Karh in H.7 ft in height, and 7..1 ft in ctrramfereoea^ 
One of them was urut to tlie Vienna Kilitbitioo of 1878. 

TSfVogo* • 81iin*6 temple dedicated to Tcknpiwa leyaen, la weet 
of tlie Hni«eme Court Tliongh small, it is oelelea*ad for its annual 
fe«ti%al ooetirring on tlie I'.tli of the &Ui month of tlie old calendar. 
On thb fee«i\al, w|ii;li resemblee thoee of HannS in lVk}9 and 
Oirm in K>o:n, tliere is a lot^ prosessiim of da^ nr cwnamental 
cart used ftw ilan*ing; mueir, and tliea'ri-al perf«wman'«a. Bach 
ear lias a dis'in -ti^e name ; ae Chin^, Benkei nn tlie Hral^p, Thundsr, 
Ae. Mtiltittidee of people come from far and near to sea the 

« 

|voues*ion. 

Oohyaku Bakan (Fitw hoabad Dbctplae) la a Doddhlet laaipla 




I PUKrKOTlIUI 
ed l\» Obaku Mot, wliloli ia on gliiudeld S'- U On eutern'end o( th« 



oily. lU iiroiiar unniu in Dairiuji, j]>e ollipr lillo omniin; (nui 
Cuu wunleii uangeii, eouh aWiit [iri> Tuut ]ik(;Ii, wliiuU raiiroaont 
BtiiJia'B oliiol dittuipleii. Sume are ciiiiling, s>ana ma ■urruwdil, 
■ome Imve an auei? appeantiiw ; uul uo two ore alUui. It te oiuii- 
manly mud tliitt I7 luaiviUliit! oinniia tlm iinAt^n n [umnn it miK In 
fixl «»o roMinliliuK ]i1h uwu faLliui'. In tliu inubtlit •>! Iliu iiuifu 
buildiuft oni hUIubb of SliAks niul Muuju. Tliu nrjliiloutiiro In Lii llio 
OliiusBe alyle. 

Senohllji, allltla west of Qnl^ynku Iliikan, loloQga lo llie Jodn 
■eat, aud ia dediaaUd lo Aniid&. Willi tUa oiL'Op'.i'iu of Ilia Hou- 
Bwniiji, it ia tLe largoat temiila in Noe'iya. It ivhh Luilt in IQol L^ 
Tohii|{Bwa MitsutiuDO, Uia IjuhI of Uwari, lU llie tnu'ial plaou ol liia 
family. Tlie buildiiiGS etand in the iniiist of well-wooded BTomida 
hBTing an hm at se aoiM. 

Hif uhi Hong'iranji, oommonlr known sa Higaalii Kakeabo, 
ia a large and beaaiif ul temple buUt at llie begiuniiie of the jEreaeut 
eenlury. It liai many Sua wuvin^, juiuiiiigN, and other dsuora- 
tiona. It is di*iil«d into Uiree pailn; ihe (runt room Leiiig {or 
onliuaiy worahiperB ; tlie middle, fur ihe uuiif^i'egaliuuB aaeembling 
on apeukal o:M.'aaioDs; while llie iiiiiermD->L ruoin is llie nait'tii wliera 
atenda a gilt image of Aniida. Dn llie luuaeinu of llie mililavy and 
naval manaiiiran held at Nntfoya in ld;ni, Uiia Uunplo yiiu ocunpinl 
Iff H.I.H. Uie Emperor. 

A little to Ilia weat of Hieaahi Hongwanji ia llie lemple of Niolii 
Hongwanji wliioli ia miicti inferioT to the f cffiner bolli in ila building 
and in the deccrationa. 

Oin, tlia most buatling place iu Nogoya, ia tlie groiind of 
Kwonnondo, a Buddhiat (emple belonging lo the Sliiiv'ou coot. Tlie 
lonple «raa removed from Kilano to Ihia iila.-e in Itila. Tlie main 
Inilding, panada, and gateway were \ery elal.oraie; but were burned 
in lUUS. In aod aioiiud the ^ound are i-cbtauraiid', Ittzaam, aliopa 
of all daacriptions, jugglers, topepiunura, Htorj-lellera, rojieilaucei'S, 
pLotograplieiH, iia. Norlli of it ia Nagoya Viuk. 

SfttO, 19 miles uurlh-eoat from Nok'iij'a, in no folnoim fm ita 
pmcelain and potleiy lliat auoh waraa aie coinmoiily collod arfoiiiono, 
or "tliinga of gato." About UU houses inuko porcelain, and Id are 
engaged in manufactming potlecy. Among Ihoee pinduidug goola 
fitted tor the foreign mar),£t are Kawaumlo ita^ukii^hi, Kawaniuto 
Kanaoke, and ICalo Oosiike. The oiigin of Ilia iudualr)' is as 
followi. In tlie beginning of tlie lulh (^iiliu? Kalii Shirozaemon, a 
14 in the proviuoe of Yoiuaaliiio, went to Cliiua in 



w^ 



'^^'n 







AICHI PRBrRCTUB& It 

onW to lemii how to maka porotlain. Altar ■pwriing 6 jMn in 
(iMt roiiiitn-, lie reinrneil in 123 4 to Jm{mn, and AtAiinpl«l to raakt 
poroeUin in Hisen and Aftcnmid* in Biam. Not ilnding tht elaji 
in (li<»s« |«nviniM fiR*tfiU'^nrir, h% Anally nuno to 8t*.o wliwtiM 
l««niiAiioii(ly mUIaI, lotnit Uio Hnii (o nuilui pMlMy and pcvwIaiB fal 
tlui' plarr. Aftm-wattln m ill exnollmi wnrkmen m RokwakQ tad 
Jiinakii injwln tlm firiiiliicts of Roto fmmotiR. Alioni thirty J9U9 ■§» 
an fuurilHin-ware monmneni to Rlitroiaemjn was ««oted in KilA- 
vliiiidaiti. 

TtQthima, > cntntncTrtiil town of al»ont 3,000 h oim a a , la 18 milta 
went (if Nagoya. A faraoiia 81tin*4) femple named Tfraahina Jinaba 
wan Imilt tliere hy (lie Rraperor Haga in 1331. It liaa nJmmk^ 
Ip-immlK, Rliadod \iy okl txeea and containing iev«ral ahrinta. A 
notoil fcRtival, urell w<irtli Metng, ta lield on the 14th ami l6Ui di^ 
of tlifl atli month of the old oalaiidar. 

AUtita Jinsha, om of tlia largwt Sliinto tamplot in tlit ooonliy 
in at tlie nrtfth-eaittern aifmnitj of tlio town of Atanta. Tbia IowB| 
wlii<*h in directly itontli of Nagnya, eontainii 4,600 hooMa. It 1mm a 
gtKiil harltotir, aikl n'eanieni ply from tliora to Kiivana, Tokluiiohi, 
Tnn, aiMl KamiNAAliirii. Tlia TSkaitlo Railway pamii^ throogb tilt 
nu^'rrii part of tlie town pro%i«lM fa'*ilitiaii for eommonioalaoB Igf 
land. 'Hie temple ie dnltcateil to Yamato'akfr-no.)iikot«i^ 
AmatrramM >inikami, Riieanoo-no-MJioio, MiyaatUiiroa, and Talb»- 
iiiataiie-no Miko*o. Tlie mrttfd oaHeil Ktiiianagi-no>taiirugi, whieh la 
otie of the Tliree 8a red Treamiree of tlie Imperial Honaahold, ia 
rtriii«'nl (n itii cATi*. Tlie II her TTpa«iinM are llie Mirror pvaear%ed 
a' lite t(*niple in Im*. and llie Mapitanta Jewel which ia kept in Um 
]ni|icrial H«nieehold. 

ItNvM timt tn tlir r«>lftt of tlH* »:ni|k-fm KHkATMH V«mii«ii4liil».N».MU«lm 
fMM' n# tl>r |«t1nrr« of tlir Mnnd. « lill« *m III* « 4y Utmnt it|f Ut«r4 llw lMrl«««Mi If tiMi 
111 Um tii«4. i^nfifwl Ml thr tniifil** In lar «lim* Im^ tw i t U H fmm YaiMiAfwhl 
Mlk«4i« A •wtiT'l nnmrtl AnuiM««innikmM«wmvl«iiniCl <M«nr4«*f llta«v«ly I 
n«<1fMit1< filiWh h^ tvrn Inwlcfl 4min rr«mi fian»iinr»-nA-ltlli<iin M* ilw 
»m U* Um |>ri«t«l |*fi*« Im^ of W * i» m < nhrfr thr l«rl«tUm«, nhn ImI krwHi ml lite 
tM•t«r«^ |««<««m|i«I iMMil-mll In lilm Thrf }M him Itiln • vlhl |4alM «lMtvtlwy 
«r4 II If to ilw 0ttt<w nmt aliml* Ihut MirttmtMli d him. mlwi n i t «m l»< i >w llw 
««#H<| Miwl. \>y 'fiiltkl* tttitlim 4«>«Mlh» «nri-«U*« mtmmd him. «i«r4 Ma lll^ 
Thr nanir of |hr t««ml •••thru rhang*^ to th» r«M> II wm \mwr%. vhlrli >%fi H *i 
*-4)tTMn.<titiinf Kvofil ** Ailrv Ihr etwl Ml«il«4ott of ihr hattainMi* h* nmm I* 
o«.tt| «|irrr h» m«rr|f<d MnwMihlmr. Mmii oflrv. • hllr on hi* «ay tB^hnl. h* 
• •• Mltrn hj m pil^ m o m araikr. mmA 4Im4 at l«r Tli# ymr •!!» hte anrth Uw 
Mio«fl « iM iW-twwmMl ■■ M W«i n 4 Ttwrnmrv In ihH irtniil* 

Plftceg for tea-bftthin;. M«w,>«ak^ at tlie amitliere eilramilj 
of tlto |«f*inont(«y of C*lii'a Connty, <«n \m rearln^l frum Takatojo 
H*a<t<iii \iy Jittriki'dia or ly a email U«at. 'I1ie Yo«hmi4wan la 
to l0 a g<M»l inn. 





ni mMt tH Varoliuna, 3 mileg wast of Moroatki, is aleai, and 
flMt It K fln* iliv. 5iiiBlii-ya aud Uma-ya are guoil ii 

Ow^ !■ OUfal Ooniny, liea jiiat npposile Yokkftlalii u 
«< iNb It «M> to rMclied Ir^ Biaall Eteamem frum Atsuis. The 
taam IM UbWcwtD uul Oupa-ro. 

KanJK, Itovt U milOB south a! Naeoya, (wn U roaclial li/ 
. nlh»d. It h on the shora of tha iulaitd aei iit Kori 

and Ii th* )«p« town of QiiU County. It a well-liDowii for tUa 
aatiMd TlaagK tbera proiliiced. S'^tmrnais of the Ynaaa Kwaiaha 
•onaMt it «Ui Takchuna. 

OktSaUi in tlMprovinM of MUiawa, is about 31 uiilss south-oast 
of Kmojft. Hm town a a litlle mora tliau a milos from Uia 
Muda StaUoi en tha Takaido lUilway. It was foriosrly tha 
■Midne* of ft fnAil lord, sad it wu tharo that Tokngawa leyiiBii 
WMhorn. AEtra the Rastoation H wu niada tha oapltal of a jmfMtan 
wbioh liaa liuoe Loiii HbuUBhail. Hie towu ooutaiiu i,MO linuiiM 
•ml I0,tlUO inhahltwila. 'Dui old cutle Kruiuia in now a jmtk. A 
■mall Bhiuto aluiue ii dediokted to an anceatm of the Honda 
familf whiah foimeily held the^fist. 

Toyohaahi, 43 mHaa aouth-aaat of Nagoya, i* one of tha fiS 
aeletrated lamu of the lokaido. It was lormerly tlie iMideoae of 
a daimyi. It now oontaiiu a,UO0 houMa, and tlie popiilAtion ii 
13,UDU. A diviaioD of the Kagoya ganiaou 1« atationad there. Tha 
loyohaalii Slation of the Tokaido Railway ia at the waatem end 
of tlie towDj and amall atotunen go daily to Kamiyoaliiro. Tha 
town ii noted tor the nanulaalTOe ol fire-woika. 



Si 

GIFU PREFECTUER. 

Oifn(Innll;T•nuU•yl^ TRtinokitnt-yA) can l« y«i:]i6il mnnieoo. 
^nwittiy yty Uie T5)uiii16 JUilwmy; lnii aIko \iy (lie aaetmrt higliwaj 
m\Uyi\ i\tt* Nfi)uiiiMi«16. II in Uie priivipul city of t]t« iv»feyiini wliM 
cam|iH«ni tltc |imvinno of Minn uml lliilfi. Tlio aii^ioiit luuno, Iitnknettl, 
WM rlitiigoil ill iTiCI liy <\U NolmtiApi. Tlio ivweut nuiM, menlfy- 
iiig Cli Monn*iiiii, rafert to U10 hirUipU-se of the Chinese Emperor 
Btmiio. (>n the oMt in M*. Innbi, eml on the north-vest ie the 
NegATA River ; while on Uie itontli-we»t Uiere ie an eiftenei%e plain. 
The city exiradji almat 9] mile* from nortli to ■ootli, and a little 
over 1 mile from eaiit to nest. Tlie itae e t i are laid ont ^evy 
miniUrly, ami prenent a neat apfwaran « tinoe tlie grea*. earilii|aato 
of 1 401 with tlie aoeompanying Tire oompelloil Uie erection of new 
biiiliUngii. Tlie nnin1«r of hoiweii in 6,l5l; and tlie population, 
90,4.H5. Hie moet flonrinliing etn*eU are Ha^adori, Htrokoji, and 
ImakomaHil In tlie latter are tlie Cliief Toli-^e iXB^e, Poet and 
Telegraph ()ni.«, and tlie Ijocal Court. Hie ofBoee of the I're'eaUiral 
Oo\<*rninent are in Imaisnmi. Tlie city also contains a Normal 
Rchool, Oif ti Hitman Kwainlia, anil tlie ofTlcee of two daily paperiL 
Tlie largpfit templec are Rai)uikn)i, and Irandiet of tlie Eaatand. 
Wmt HnngwanjL Tlie ganlen of Uie flnt lia* some fine 
maplen. Tlie last annnal statieUos of prndootiona are as follows: — 
Articlm. AmminL Valne. 

lUwHilk, C9,440 ifri^iHwM V>*<fOti rn. 

Cmyr ami oUior siUi fairies llU/>6t i«ioos SS:i,iC3 » 

Cotton CloUi, l,GoO,317 „ 1,6144148 ^ 

Porcelain and Pottery, 0^,014,151 „ l,m,S70 „ 

Paper, 848,796 kwammf 67ft,7(IO ^ 

ITmlrelUus 3,060,000 1S4,000 ^ 

Other impfvtant {vodnots are dried pemunmons, fans, and the welt- 
known Oifn paper-lanterns. 

Inaba-Taimi, i^*» called Kinkwasan or llakynaan, lies east of the 
city of (lifn. t>n Um nntth^ttst a siN>p prseipice oterlooks the 
Napmi Ili>fT. Tliere are two path« ascwnling the mountain ; one 
ealleil Nanamapuri.gnchi, and tlie otiicr llyakuma|8ari-f«ieliL Hie 
names hnply that one has vnen, and the othsr one 
hnndrcil curves. The mountain is coTereil with trees, and 
eommsntlii a 1#atttifnl yihfw emisacing flakn«an in Raga, Kona 
gstakc in Hlitnsno, ami Rnayama in Min^^, all upon tlie north; 
while fin tlie we*>t are seen Ilsikiyama in t>mi, ami on tlie sooth tlM 
sea^iiee at Cliitaura in OwarL Iht U>a n^fsaactoiti «t% 




It OIPO pkhfuutukk, 

Om eutk vtea (Mi NobuiiBg& oiioe leshlcxL 

On tlw ilopa o( Dig mixmUin in llm Hliintu slirino lullud IiaIh 
HndM, AuMartKl to ll.o alJeet Klin nl the EmiieTor Siiialii, hiii vifo, 
Us taaOm, ud Mnne o-^ibto. The temple Braiuuls lia^e an ■ran of 
dnot S aa*^ thUily wooiled nitliaUU^B. TUe raid leading to 
I It UimI Willi alieiry udI jh.^iIb Ilea.', His prehsnt 
Mntmatal after the omIIl iiuike •>( 1)91- ftlniiy ewot.1^ 
taUtti, uraridit toitanieitM, and oUI aaiviu^H ero jire^^rveil in tlio 
ImpU. Hw aannal femivnl dsoura on Iha -lili ami uth of May. 

fiUb Fsrk ii at tlie [ool uF Iiulnynma niul nnith of DdilnitBn. 
kaka. TIm* U ft aiiiBamn of Hie tD'jiiai|ul lU'.Hliielinnii at Qilu 
P wtao t nw; * tlnUiOHMi unlleJ Uauslia-kwjiii ; nml a leniililiil ^onlau 
•rtlMl tl noiillinlll WiLL llio latler, nml miu'aiiu mauy aid Ueos, a 
foontoli^ onrionaly toiW«d ragka, aiul a wiuliiiij Hlream at ulear 

Blilnto-ohnkyom ii a taniple dedjoatod to AmaUratD-OUtluuiiL 
la tlM i]Tiug of I'lua A meeting of Uie LiUiral Piixij (Jiyatii) wai 
Irtld iu thii tainple. Aa Ouimt Ilaeaki, Uio laailer ot th* 
t paisins ont ol Die frun'. piiruh at llie aliiue of 
Ml liy a man uaiiied AiUra 8h5kei wLo 
IT as tlie arjli-oiiemy ol hit oounliy. 
ipeJ wiUi alielit wounda. It WM ou tliia 
nocasion that tie ciied "ll«e*l[i "oy peritli, but Uljarly nei-er will" 
Veax tlie temple are many plum am! uheny iroes Umt atlraot orowdt 
ot viaitoii in the'aprins- 

Nagara River, 'levine alnue t1>a norili-woBlerii ixtrt of tlie oily 
ofaita,iH nuUiKiir u^ ur nahiiiB wiLhiKirjiinriuitH fiT uyu,aiiiiouuM 
of Iront. Tbe leasou for ftaliiug okIoiuIk frmri oarly Uaj until lata 
in Ootoler. It ia always done at nlelit. One kami, or baud, 
Bonaieta of five to wven boata, iu eaoli of wliioli ia a Ug loroli. A 
man atanding on lbs baiv ol eaob boat naiully ntanaeeB twelve 
oonnoraata attaclied to oorila whioli lie hulde in bis rielit liaiid. Tlie 
inalant iLe tvrdi are let loose tliey awim and diva after tlie lisb. 
Wlien » biij lioa aaptarod 7 ca a liali, it ia pulled to tlie boat uul 
foraed to dingorgs ita prey tliat it liaa laeu preveuled troia awallow- 
ing by a metal ling about ita throat. A sliillful nun oan catoli 
about a tbootand fisb in an hour. 'Ilie oUiei men Rhoat and atrilie 
tha aides of the boat in order to encourage tlie cormoraula Uiat doit 
rapidlybitliar andlbithei toaeiza Uie Mi attraoled liytlie li^lit of 
the torohea. The whole preaauts a lively aitd iuterealing scene. 

Oj-aki (Inns: Kyomarn-ya and Yoauda-yu), s city 1<| miles south- 
waat ol Qifo, ranki neit in impoilauue aud prosperity. Via 



party 
tbe meetioe be woi 
regarded tbe famou 
It Itagalii, bowei 



dtn pmirtoTvmv. it' 

(vtitviiM it win the nMnoB of feudal loHi of tht Tote faatQjrt 
wliflM cmU« toner am be teen from Uie raUvaj elMloB. The 
ceetle ermtadfl liete Utely been teken for the eity paik. The leva 
hee often enffirad grtet mUimHiee. Tlie Ibi Rltw, flovlag Ikrootfi 
the eeetim pert^ oTlen oteriUme He benke end d te tiuye mtMh prop* 
nrtr. In ormne^on with tlie terrible eerthqaeke of ''Oet t^ 
HOI, firm leeektnff ont emong tlte uliettered honeee, bonMd meet of 
tliem to Aiiliee. Tlioni^h the town he* not yet l ee o fere d trom tliel 
dimeter, it hie ibont 8,000 honeee end m,000 people. It eoa- 
Uhn tlie County Offloee, tlie Dietriot Cooft of Jnelioi^ BMk% 
Sba, Bnetii leive ererjtej for Knwini in the provinee of leu 

The Watar&ll of Toro «• <» *!»• moontiln of the euBeaiaM 
iboot 8 mileii eonth of ne^il lAtehr i pirt of the moimtilB hie biiB 
bUd out in 1 perk with omimentel tieee, hotele, Ae. The hHrfMl 
end b(wt hotels ere tlie Clitiaee, Kikneid, ind MonkimL The' 
jinnkielui roed gnen to wttliin ibont lu ofco of tlie fille; the lemilBdv 
of llie wij l«ing eteep iml ron^i, bnt mide pietoreeqae Igr the 
tri^eii end prnjpoting rooks. Neer tlie fell tlie rooke lie 
end ere eoirered with moee, wliile tlie lir ie dimp md eooL Hie 
wafer fella from e lieiglit of 00 feet, end lies e braedth of iboni 9 
feet. Tlie pool leneeUi ie e little o«cr i foot deep^ its buttoee befaig 
composed of e single breed rock. Tlie disny end raiple tme 
with whieh tlie monntein iboonds edd to tlie ittnetiveniee of the 
spot Hinl, liplit^iloe, spotted etonee oilled i to rf e ii>i lie fovad 
on this moonlein. 

Kiknttli Waterfall i* i smeU'eieeede in 1 etreun whoee eonroe 
is behind tlie Kiknsni shrine, ebont 3 ofce below tbe TVri Wi*eriilL 
Tlie rocks from which it springs ere snrroondid bgr stone fesee^ 
lipgend sejs tltet e ftliel son, living in this n eig h bo r hood, iHhoogli 
lie wis very poor, never oMne biik from nierket withool Iringfaig i 
gourd f nil of sn'.e to his egeit fitlier who wis tmy food of that Ufver. 
One day, wlien tlie son oime to eitt wood npon thle moariain, 
lie stnmMeil enil fell. R«mie*liini: near him snelled like aah^ aad 
tasting Uie waer by w1io« eide lie had fallen he fooad thai; 
it was Tfatly %tV, so tint lie was iMe to give hie falbff 
all tliat Ik* wisli^ In 717 tlie Rmperor OeBsbS, wrho wia 
visitini; titat se iinn of tlie romirry, lieanl tlie «tory and aald tlial 
Hfai4>ii Iteil elioAen (his vray to rewsnl tlie feitlif olneas of tlie son. 
He nsmcil die stream Vot5 (Nonrisliiiig llie t>kl), and aWo ehaafirf 
tlie name of tlie r^ar pertol. Giving it tlie same titles Apparentty tbr 
luine n»w fix en to tlie ^utw fall, at fret lelonoal to ihia. *AS# 
Takala^o on tlie lover oq^ona oC ^ism iImhbd^, lAaa)^ 




H OlFD PBIITKCTIIRK. 

Ah !■ lanMd and h one cf Hie uliicf proclude of llie prnvliioe. 

ytlB*g» Tgllty i>uillielkedHl>luuntsiD,n1«iita)tniles trnm 
ItawTw, k il1)||i OD tlio Nokuieiulo. Tonrisln Doming tioro tiM 
^mt tam inwmibjil^ raaah it bj- laaviu^i tlie (nun ■( Twni, nliile 
IbMi frgn tb* Mat nmy eome tnao Ogukl rrum eooh of llio 
riattnw tlM KN^b level, ana Die diKUuoe abnut e niilea. 
ILanlliirnwKMMll Ktroara od wliiite Umka erow tlinuatnilB of 
timrj Mm "'"t"^ witli the aenl pinas. 

S*Ugahtni**i""'n"nt]ioNB)(aHiiulo,wit]i-l3UhouKiBftnrlSllH> 
InfafUutk B !■ buitoriuiUy iulffi«5tiiig Ijofniisa uI Uia lutlle iu 
1600^ In whlsfa Il^n wiu vicUiriciiui over tlie roroea of Uideyiiri, 
ttw ten (t Sdarnki ami Hihh liename the aolo nustei nt Jsp&n, 
kylng OsfonndtttMl for tlie Btrongatkd -peAielal riilo of llie Tohiieawa 
flbBgnufiMt IhMIm two (eutiiriec niul a Iwlf. llie ploitikuuwu sb 
Sddf^luraerFQWuiD sun^itniliitliglnHiiniiiluontainB several innnu- 
nunU in luinor of tlia wanltni who took port in ttie funoui bftUle. 

Nan^n Jiniha ** Hiyiiliiro Unra, about IS cho lontU of Tvul, 
it deilieat«d to KaiiBytiiialiilio-no-Hilioto. Tlie Bronndi Iwve nuuiy 
old pine, plum, and oliarry Mae ■onoonding the flue eJiSoM. TItMV 
ve 14 Bubordina'e ilirinei. 

Kiokei-csDEiboji. &tamplebeliinsii>e^^l>B!^*^*'id infajeot 
to Konzenji, ia «t Ti^oolu, » niutll vUlige about 30 miles eut irf 
Oifn. It vu founded in the Srtf part of tlie ]4tU oentmy Igr Hum 
Rdntlii Tlw main olqaot of wi^iip i« Saiio Kwanzeon. The 
(p-onndB inolude aboot e aoM. In tlie neigliborliood ii • Urgs Oat 
rodt sailed Zaaen-iwa, becauM on id lop Uu«o Koknelii eat anil 
engi^ in the relieioni meditation known ai maen. Tlii« part of 
the eonnttj U a deirened luiii traveled by a small atream sailed 
IolU0tira along whose Imi](1 tie many aiiriona Tuoka and fine viewa. 
In the lowet part of tlie vallsy it Taho Tower, beuila a elirine eallad 
ISaiahoji&Jtnaha. Near ty ia a matio Iridge called Sanalio. At 
one angle of the mountain ia a temple called Mueoto, wliere are 
inatalled Imaget of Mum Koknalii ami KotoxeiuiliL To Uio liglit 
of Uila Rowa anotlier imall atream oalluj 'J^i;uiiHui wliiuh iuit)itiM 
into tlie (IwtiyBDliI, tv llouliuiiiK llmijuu I'uiid, au'cullud from ila 
(onn. On ita ouived tharee are liouEieB aiid temples. A^ Lriilge 
called Mnaai liaa in llie centre a tower that coniinaoda a fine view of 
the pond. Lett of the Lridge are the TortoiM aiul Craoejlalanda, 
while on the aouth ia a gate tlilaaghjwliicli [none butjmperial 
ambaaaadon are allowed to paaa. Went of Bitieataiijo, at the other 
and of the trldge, ia a prsoipioe witli a ali ooruered buililiug at the 
tiji /MintHi to Jtto. Noltli of Suieeuujo it anotliw amall bridee, 



niFH PRBrSOTURB. %$ 

hBytmd whicli ire f nor rockn pUused Uiere hy MoiS Knka4iL KnrtlMr 
on iff the i«in<ri|vil )KiikUii(! oatled KwasSaii, vliito in front k a 
Hirinn of Iksitjuiifen liii\mf: mn btmi^ tnatkb of tli» fMaiom wood 
mllal X-irtm. Fiirtlicr on '» Uio Toki RU«r wiili numr targt rooki 
Itf-«tji\rUnc frfun Uio hniik^ Tlie one callftl ZnigMi, whioh hmuiUm 
a lower, k ilio inoRt enrioitK. Tlie ImleiioiiiVmt llook in ttit mldllt 
of (Ik* tlreAin is luffi ett«»iinli to aUow 50 people to tbt upon it Fer 
e dietiinoe of eeverml hundred feet Uie (vectpioe on the ftftte Aora 
'» neiu'W porpendionUr. Tl»e etream nwliee impetoooelj dovnviid 
(o the <* Dragon Floatinff Pool** vlioo ie tbe dwpiit part of till 
rtvftr, and wliere tliere are many larf^e flahea. On tht nortbn 
proet]iie0 is ilie hnilding called T^ieiiukamklS. On a kurgt rock 
below ie tlie goklon ima|*o of Mffoknlmtim. Tlie roarinf and 
etroain w at tliin point called Johacliiuaila, or tlia Kglitwin 
Hnan. 

Takayama, ^3milre fr«iin the city of Gtfn, ia in the eentvt of tht 
Iiro\inf« of Hiila, of whtrli it '» tlie laremt city. It liaa 8,004 houwa, 
Aiitl a popnlalioit of 1G,30B. Beskke tlie cotinty and local pnldie 
Imikliiipi, tli«re are the Mitsnbonhi and Kwainui^ia Silk ReeUnf 
FartoriM. MiyaQawa, Uie ri%er whirli mni tlirougli tlie city dividiac 
it in two, in craaned \fy 4 bidgeii. T1i« town eontaina tO Shinto and 
RiKilliiM (<»inpl««i. Owing to the ehape and ettnation of the town H 
in iK««nictinini ralleil ** little K\5to.** llecanae of tlie cold and «iowy 
wiiitrm, Ok* loofii are ro\rn>l with ■liinglea inifoail of tiloa. Tlia 
nia'iy itK*rrliAntii who ei)K«t a qnanttty of raw niUt make tlia town 
\rr\- |ff(««|«Tonr. Harhtmangn, Rhintn Cliflk^oin, Hoogwanji 
Ilpfft.iin, Ktiknlmnji, and Rliorenji are tlie UkM famoqa plaoMi 
T1i«*r^ i* a puhlir fiark on a umall hill in the nnrth-eaalvn part of 
(Ik^ tffwn. It ro\<!ni IG acrea, and ia braatifM hf old pini titia 
iiitiY«|«>rwtl with rlKrnr trren. 

Hakatni '^ Rliirotnixti Waterfall, w at Hinaa, Shtrakawa 
^illar^, lu itiik** from Taka>ama. A wtrram flowing from two 
cm HaktKtan, fW White Mimntatn, f<«m« tliia wondwfnl 
whtrh in i.m*) ft. htiig, ami 4S ft \timl On tlie mvtli, 
m«t of tlK» rAll«>>' tlK» cIiITb riiw almn«t iirr|imdiralafly to tlie 
of 9,:>«M) ft., tlK* r«vJi» Mottling to hatig in fokl*: tlie water nmaiag 
IflHuorn tli^m aivl falling with torh trrm^nilmia fflffvo that tha 
ioiiiiil c*n 1r lietani at a <b«*anee of M <c 12 milaa. 



t7 

SHIGA PREFEXrrURE. 

Hliipi Prefertnre, vliioli e caup ri — ilie whole of tht fnfiam of 
Hmi, lieM dtreoilr mmH of KySio rnfeetrnv. It it mu tm a dt A hf 
mmiii(ftiiif>, of w1ii-Ji 1IM, Him, Ami Ibitki are tht highiit UkB 
Hiwa, ilH) lAi|:Diit lake of Japftii, nsonpioR alMnit one Uiinl of its ma. 
Into (hiff lake ftmr WToral atieaiiui; bnt iU only naiaral ooUol ii the 
flHa rivrr vliich, after miminK through a ro:J(j gorfi, ii kaovn aa 
Uie IJji ami tUU later aa ttie Todo Riter. Tlie fertile toad aboolttie 
lake prmlnoeB eioelleiil rioe and other era|Mk Aa the HOaldS, 
Nakaaetido, and HcOJuiki^Jtaid^, tliree of the main roada of the 
Rmpin*, entn^ together in thie provinee, it waa foraMrlgr mnoli 
frnqneniftl by travelmi and hae faeon tlie a«i of nangr im|N*1aBl 
hiMorical eventa. Tlie pofmlation amoonti to nearly 700,00(X The 
l^nfple are dilignit, and are epedally fond of menaalila poranHik 
Tlie chief ioww are 5tea in the eonthem part; Hikooi^ MaphaiMii 
and Maibara in tlie north^ttct 

Tlie chief prnlootione are qoartz, eilieai whetitooaa, UaM| rioa^ 
tolncco, tea, raiialiroofna, fMi crape, kahttkd^ ^^ moa^nito-aali^ 
paper, poUenr, ami tlie pietnree called tk»m^ 

Tlie rmilraeilff, liigli vayi, and tlie lake affotd good o<aBninniBatWi 
l«(ireen tlie different eitiee. The T&kaido Railing paea« throogh 
tlie rliief town« of tlie eaelem part^ and alao tlirongh Kiwatan aad 
llal«, the laUrr a imhnrii of Otan. Tlie Xwaneai Railvagr aaiiaa 
Kiieatnii on tlie Tokaidd Railway wttli the province of Iml Tha 
Tuoniga Branch of tlie TokMM Raflway eitende from IfaUavm lo 
Tmonga, a port on tlie Japan Sea. Steamare on Lake Biwa ply fi 
Oum to Hikone, Nagahuna, Haehiman, Katala, Imaao, 
liilii>*ama, Kneateii, Karieaki. As. 

Lake Biwa li*" <^ length from ncrth to eooth of 
Aikl tte greateet leeMth, whidi ie in tlie northern 
1% niilea. Tlie narae ia dwi««d fmni ila Pliape which 
tliat of a mwtral inetntment called hima (gaUar). 
tion to ila ontlet W Rata Riirer, there haa in reeaot 
opened tlie Biwa Quial that hae elH»wh«e haea fnlly 
Tlifve are a few amall ialamls; tl>e mnit noM biing Chiknba; 
oknno, and Oktno. Aceceding to a legend ecanmooly Valived Iqr tha 
people of tlie oonntrr, tlte bdie wna fcrmftl in 161 &CL Iqr an earth* 
qtiake ; Mt Fnji neing from tlie fp'onnl at the Mme thne. 

Al(»iig tlie diuree of the lake are many fbie Tiewa, tha SMal 
ceMrvied being known aa "OmUHakkai," cr tha "figbl Viawa km 





M RllIllA I'KKKKimillK. 

lImI.''Tbqrawlbi AiiiMmii mod 

ef •mfng at BM^ llio Cieat tSky willi * Uvo/a nt Aumxii, B-atii 
«ntB| tiA fran TiibiHlie, tlm Suiiiul nf llis eveuing liell at MU^Iem, 
lUaVnlSlitBt bmniLi, Rvenliie Siinw nn Mt. Him, bihI Wllil (i 
•UlbUnc Bt EaUta. 'llwmnre lennlirn] viuwe nl Uie lakefrcaii >ilu1l 
plaOH m fto ■nuniUi □! MU. HLoi bikI SuriliaiL Tlie 'I'uko Kimii- 
|mWM(nqiMBtl]r*e[Ml£HteainarB orcniiia tlie Inks takiiiK tiiiirMs (n 
flw BoM pbew I'otties »my rin.l it couveiiioot to liin a eUuhu- 

Ortn, (Ibul MbuLmi-tai, wmi-foroleu; Nakanmra-ya; KolavB^l- 
M) lUi fovn, itliiuli IB tha capital of Die pnifejtiini, U on the 
— •• dicnnr Luke Uiwa. It mintHiii* tlie jirofaotural offloe, 

inb^ tlee eicltan^e, Bud a Jivixiun Ht«tii>ii o[ ilia Onaka 



Hiidera, ■ famous Bnddliirt lempla dtiiated on tlia liill wot of 
Olsii, wu MabllBheil Iqr tlie Emiiarnr Tauolii iii eOH. liHJ yfn 
lalBT it wu gi\eii toCliialiu Dkinlii who flnt taiiglit tlie (loatriuM of 
the Temlai not \iaie. Ttinnuh oiice Imilt in laasnifloonlityloj Ilio 
present itmoturg, ilatius from lODU, ia poa. Hie okiat imaiie 
ia of Kwannon. Tlie two Urge and fieroe-lookine imaeaa iu 
Niojnon «era carved \jy UnkeL Hie gnuiile nbeliak was aiMted 
in merocny ot tlie uiUlian who died in aiippreaaing tlia Galninu 
nabelllon in 1877. Ttmn tlie momunent ia a flue view at tlie lake 
•nd ila ■lUToiiniliiiga. To tlw toft am HU. liiei awl Uira, aial 
diikuba lalaud. In fiont beyond tlie lake, an aaen Ut. Uikami 
(from ita aliape known m the Fuji n[ Sini) ajxl Mt, TiuuiluunL 
Uknjr flne pictiiiea by mall ailiitii w Okyo and Kuio Hutonoliu bid 
Inamed in tbe temple. 

Aosrdlnit lo IndltJoii Um tvM at Uv nortliAm oomer of tin tnnpl« imuiHl vbi 
pmmlfd Iv tbe wuTlnr Fujlwnn llldciHlii. wIh nvdnil ll rnniB dnwon-iml 
Urlns In the IhIoikii nwntil Rn hlibnvn dndln j>l»li«lli*irii>iil cniUpMu 
.g^ Biidjai. A rntl tnautv from Kyuto «hlla laHilninl llm 

' '- - n«iilha|ullulliia«r' 




SHIGA PRBrSCTURB. 99 



»m|> tlmt hrrptiM r*nt hI mtr ttMnl. rnrtu <«f Um> krill^ HivhtrllllM 
r«M»li(<H«rrpxhlMI'4iit nn* (»r Ihr UtlMlm* nmr Uw hril. Rio* calwi calM bjr 
Iliiikti'Braimp nrr mlH In UmM* «hfi hnpr thrfrbjr lii r*vilT« HaMlMi^ sf tk* 



Enman-in, i"ft tempio noHh of MUilm. Itwat tlMiliod* of 
MT^enil prinow who mtoew^lorl tlie lliirnl ton of tho Empra Mi 
luuni (047— 00 1 ), ftii icMn aI this (ample. OV1 Mid vaIimIiIo 
UmJim, ami pitHnras art 1rpMt*rBi| lieifi. Amoi^ Uio ltil« m bmuij 
of tli4* wnrlm of >l«rmaiiiA Okyob 

Taka Kwannon ^ * litUo Uigliflr np Um hill on wHom alopt 
MiiiWm in mtnalfiil. In AtldiUaii to nAaj miplo Int^ iihm9 !■ a 
notnl dierry (m caHchI ClwCo-Min wAigm. On* of th* IhI iritvt 
of tlie Iftlie is to l« oliUunfil •! tliki plan. 

Oiohlii, or Vf»iliii«i)ui Ttonpio, ki •! Ite^ Mwlli of Otao. II 
roiiiAitw tfi<* iotnlc of Uio murinr, MiiiAraoUviu>>YnaltiiiskR who cUid 
fti Afnun-en-liAni near I7 ; and of Hesli5, Uie r en o w n e d poet TWrn 
IP alFo a collection of books celkd tlie Awmira Uhnry. 

\tw4t\nmkn «R«mM*ofthc mai4 cHrlintfrJ of Utr MIfMWMto fMitfMla. ||« «t0 
•wir nr tlv nn4 Wi rt|«l titr TmIto Hmi fVtHn K y«i4o ; liut Ihr yrld* tftnt I 
o«fr Utr rldarlv* fiUnnl miid» hlM oliantloaM In YorlloaM^ Un Ina4 cf 
Mlrwmnln Hun. t^ng «IHNilHl bjr NoHjrorl ami YcMliltamw. to 4M al Ai 
hurw. n Hftln vhlrb IW« lMH»f«a CNr town «>f Zrtr and IW erta Mtw. 

Seta Bridf|;e, vhich croana Uie rt\«r of Uie nme nune jail as il 

imuea from Imkfi Bttim, is famous in Japaneee Uienlaf«k II eon- 

manris a f)ne view of iMiiyama opon one side, and of the lake on the 

other. TIh* nnnset an peen from Uiis bridge is ennmeralel amoi^ 

tlio "Fi^'lii Vie«« of ilmL** Tlie siliiaUon of Uie IridoB hee led to 

to Utiic (liT KcviiP of many l«lllea. On Uie eastern slicve li a riiiine 

(If^li-ated (o Fujivara liideealo. 

llld'mlA «Mi n ftuiMMt* mmrtim nT Uw IMli rvaUary. A vHUIInava k^nii mtf 
tli*i fnirr « hiti hr wMi nlnal Id mmm ik# brMs* ^ w an laaamat wmftmH Ijriaa 
nfwmli. lUednni Imr«U*p Imi «alk«d eirvrUjr •««» Hi baiy. wfci tfc» «ip — 
Uit »n^ Ittin n •!« mrf atwl aiki. " I am a dnignn-aiMl havHtg wjr liBMa aft Om battaai 
f»r till* iHhr hy MlkMitl M«mntjiln llv«« »i]r MUrrtal Mvmy. a iMipi caMlfae* 
vhrwlotiff lady vlnd* vv^ II«k« aad a halfafcavl Uw la— lala^l— ^ Mii HMI 
InaoiW^ klll«d mmihpf«o# ny tbaaily. FW Many day* Iwva I kat« vsHlat ^ 
mm**' t***r mi^r in mimy tnv mrm} I Vrwrrli yn la f W w la wy aid ** TiM WWVlar. 
Kavltiff M«miiiitl (nniwlitiakrilir advrf«lMn>. Sdlnarfd Uw drapia la liti dntHlne 
In Ihr Inki* vltkli hr fMiivl In l«> an rlrtaM |«la(V fflill «IUienM,illv«V. aiii 
|tir».i«»ii idfitwfi. Htidil* til) • t tnlmt t^mn arav. al nlikli all Uw Wmm»m mt Ito 
pr«|||(i laYMM lu cf V out **T1ir rnfMy Imm cmm^ IMp ■■ ; ImI^ na ; va iMarli 
Ihi*- " IIMrmln. dm* Itiff hU l«Mr. ftlad tlir (T«U|vd» Um«isIi Uw ImwI aMi m 
kill««i II Ttir dvnr<n-klt«. tfrwuritl a« ti«r drlltrf«Mn>. p nw wtad lilai «Mli MMMy 
VMliiaMr rtiu Atmww thrm mm tka l»ll o# Mlldrfm. TW l««nid la gl««« OMf* 
al IrtHTth In " My l/wd lki»^i'Rlrr '* !• Uir Ja«nntv FMry Tala Satlm** 

Ithiyama, ^ stone Monnlain, is apfVflfriateljr nanwd frooi the 
pTiMiliarty tliapod ri^'ks vtth wlikrli it al«otiiids. It is on the veil 
Uiik of tli«» Hi*ta 1U%«T, a tlicrt disUnre \mUm Uie leidge. Hie 
temple, whicli belong to Uie Sbingoii seet, was f ooiaM in 749 Igr 



k 



I PRKFBOTDRK. 



J^lSbn aSJt. HftYiog Ijeen daHroyeil li)- fire in luTH, H was inbuilt 
tallMDntMBtayliy Miiuuniiti) Ym-it.nDo; riuI, aCWr it liB*t aeain 
IrUm inlo dNij, I7 tlia wife [)f Hi<l<fruBl,L Tlie princqui iilijoct ol 
WtltAtplattmOttbe "'Diijty-tlirce Kwbiiuodc uf tlie WeMcrn Pro- 
vfaoM." n* tmaph JM noli Iq piUnreti itna other irensniiui. M»ni»](i 
flUUfa^ flM MBbrnit aiitltnress who ]iv»l about the yoax ItMlU, 
mUaa ban fat ■ whilo aixl wrote the Ixinh lAllal "OonjlMouo- 
ptai^" ooa tt th* leat known nl Jniniuue uliuwics. Tlie room called 
QnfWfw ll^dunni to vleitiVB as Uio oim whiuli she iweiL Her liil- 
itool^ aMfy that Ae made of a BiuUliiat book, and liumo minim- 
logbal i^w hnwi B ere also exhiliitod. Tlie Oenji Mnnoeataii )uu 
laca IranaUtad into Eugliah by Mr. Snumalini KeuuUo. from Oin 
lMdml4i»4llIl>, ot McHin-eailiie A]'tK>r, ilicra is a Cue viow uf Ujc 
Am, Waat, bdM, Hul luauiilaiiia. TtiB viun at Uio limo ol tlia tail 
hanMtmoon ia ipsually eh-rame.). A( tlio f0.1t uf thu moimtaiu ^re 
■•veial innB, among whiuli Hilutiiki-ro ami Yanagi-yn an moat 

Shiahitobl-daii, or DoBr.IaapliisVaU^,ia in (Tiila Tillage, atnol 
8 milea aooUi at Iiiliijrama. At Ihia poiut, rocky clifts oanae ths rivsr 
to faeeome suddenly narrow ao tb»t tlie water Leale in toain; wavea 
ftgainst ita bairiBia. The Ireodtli of the river is 163 (t In tlie miiUt 
ol tlie cnnent are rooka only 3B ft. from tlie bank; a dialance which 
it ia Uioueht mi^t he oleared by a deer, ami lienoe the name given 
to tlia place. Fartlier down ia ttie rapid of Sakum-ikni, witli a nuk 
named Kome-togl (Rice-alaanina), where the aanuil at tlia water ii 
thonght to leBambls that maile in wasliiug lice. In inmuier, wliou 
the water of Ibe rivor ia low, many ourionsly BliapeJ rocka'ara eipoaed to 
view. Tbia portion □( the river abounda in trout aoil other valiiaUa 
leading to Up 1b rocky, but will le enjqyed by 



The Old Fine at Earaiaki « 3j miiesncatli ot St«a. Planted 

In the leiga ot the Emperor Jomei (630 — 641), it atill remaitu aa an 
objaot ot admiration to ita many viaitora. It ia aaid to be tlie oUeat 
)une in Japan, and perliapa has a widor apread ot Iranoliei than an7 
otliar. Itt height is 42 ft., Uie ulicumtweiice ol Hie trouk otm 
3G It., while ita tolkoee coven an area ol 97(1 bubo, or about two 
thirda of an acre. The extent ol the Ijanoliea from eoat to weat ia 
adiitauoe ot 163 ftj and from north lo aoutli, IdO It. Moet of the 
limtja turn down toward the ground and are aupporled by wooden and 
atone poata. Cavities in tlie trunk are filled witli ploater, and the top 
ia covered by a smalt root. At the loot of die tree is a Shuilo aliriue. 
.flku ^ o^t at lUnaaki is one ot the " Eight Viawa of Omi." 



BaioA pKiraoToai. 41 

HiTOthi Jiniha, •* atkamato, C milM oiaQi tt Otmn, hM rivhM 
In HviuntKnnii awl ite nUMT Mtim. It «m f nonkd In Dm 7th 
oMiliny. Omnh of |«n|ib tnmt (hs Mnrnatallnc ooantiT OMna t« 
Um annnal fMUnl babl ou lb* 14th o( Ajvil, wlMn iwiaM fMU vt 
{MtnnrMl )qr ll^* eaaii<J7 hda TIn eroomli luM manf mapl* aad 
cl»m7ii«H. 

RftigajiathAIIiW tamptaaiWtunntn,nRtnaBdBai7DMk7B 
ttitMiL II lu* iiuuiT nil plilma ani oUwr tr aaai i w*. Is pUma 
knomi M Jikkai-no-ui, painlaJ by Xow-noKanw^ m ffsaUtr 
famnnn. Tlien •» al» ioWDi paialail I17 Kanu Tknjn. 

Earyakilii <■ (h* umbb ptn to Uk gronp of UnplM ob Ifaa 
Wfrisni alniiM of Ut. Hiai, wlildi lia>a atnaitj ham MautfawaJ ta 
eminaatiiiii willi Um itai:ri)iUaii M tliat motMUln. 

Ukimido, o >'>«iu« 'I'wnpK b a ■nail and pMa<al boiUiaf « 
iIm UJw about a lidixtrat faat (lom Uie uliia* oaat (h« «naU ton ot 
Kala'a, wliioh ii H j miln nath of itfa. It «bi to«nW hf (b* 
trint F^liiii, anl ii amtMitnM calM MaqpUiiy^ or Foil Uooa !■«- 
pl» tbvM alieliline at Kalata w« a>Imna aa ow of lb* -B^ 

8hirihigeT«inpla<* on thaahon at tlMUw at KanialJB,afaa<4 
Id m ile* nnrlli of Ovn, aikl wai tonnbi] \>j Iha K m inwr Bninin In 
tlM jw n a a It la .tftUntMl tn Ih* g-nl fl(n>)ahil>(MKi.Mikala 
olin [■ Mkl In 1ia>" IttI tiio way *)wn Hiiinlinnn-NininiaB'lIiknti^ 
(liB KTaivl-iuHi iif tiM Rnn-cnlitMa anJ gnat-tmralfalh* ot Jimmm 
Tmivi, i)<»«Tiilc>l From tiaanu lo crtli. Hrln* ih* Uraph^ a oipa 
olbyl Mi>5jln.«kl f^JmU alxMt 9 K) fM Intn Um klM. Tha *tew 
•)ii«)i inalnka Mt UOwidI la tlioonlit to Imt a iMauilkiiw l« th* 
Tinw n( Ml. Voji M Mn tram Uiwo-nn-lia-Mitan. 

Chikobnihima oBanboAfmm^laKianaatUMnvthvaMMl 
m lAli* Itin, anl 31 railv fran illra. II rin* to a haigbt ol 
Oi) fL anl )iaa a rircnmrnntcfl of TiWi It- T>w nam* ia «id la Iwia 
linn ilwiiAl Irnm a tvo-trancihail Tariaty ol tembia thai fsnaarlj 
(raw tlion tnl nf wliiih aoina apaamnw an Mill |MiWMd M nt* 
tnwon. 'rlw •lima of tlis i«l»ad an i Wf i phnwn tnqil >b«« Um* 
ta a lililv Ink! on Um aarf«n wUa. TlimMattla of ytda Mwa at 
•taniiw to rm^ nn tin laBsoba nl Um ti«M. Tha* ia a mmII S^ 
inln *UkIi a Bliiiito irkal oawla ont* a 7«ar airjinc ■ ■mU N|a 
with •liHi Iw pnliirai* Uw omnon y olldl 'Tyint np Iha WukL' 
Tlim* ia a Bliimo oluiw .Minatad to Um (nl l'|»^no.ni(tem«. anl a 
BnblliiM Uinpk .InluKail U> K<Mnn«ti. A •lirint M lb* fnUaa 
Unrirn i* riihIi tiaiMd hf tiM p*itI* <rf tl>* liHaf m tha naifkbn. 
i^dHMa. 




BHIQA PBBFKOTtJHH. 

on tha IVarn^ 
> Iloilvmy, uiiil alniit G miles rrom MniLara. 
It tl ■ plBM of aan^lemble butiiiesa ita|iortiLnae, dealiiii; csi ea.nll}' in 
Ala^W—l, ■ kbul of mipe whioli >'. frrn lias (1i« njijiewiuiiS of 
fMat, tot aHUom » wiuik1e<l a)>poarniiiw al'Bs n priiuexa at 
baUlag and AtLue. Vulva ami a laluiu uali^ Aa4^ 
I enleiuivoly irodiiueil. Tlia wtutvcn llviue ■" 
llio tlirewU fi'iirn ilte ilsiilen 
m M Suiblieil lKlsii;R. A teiupki daJiuaW lo HauliiiuiLu 
baUl on fli* Itfh «f Saptemlei a (eatitnl wliioh is saiil to I« sejuiiil 
<at)]r to tba Oion Ftotival of Kj-TitA. 13 juiHuJ-Mb, or lDr];D uan wiili 
jrt^UOngtfmn at the top, wliiuh ue onuinoiilod willi Isutilida 
Hik ItsawlN ud AUQUiks, BIB Ailed with muBiiiiaiu, au.1 diiiwii li/ 
)»B> BOBlUn ol nen Uiruufth the 

Snrihftri-tO^ (Noudlo-rubUiig i'tss) k on tlio unirtcrii coast of 
Uw Biira, letween Torii-moto »ul Boiuba, a little soiitli-OMt of tlie 
Maibara iJ'ualiaiL At tlia ti^ iif tlio liill ii a leitJioiM wliuro a kiinl 
ol rioB^alie oalled Axnki-iaoiilii in aoltL 'Diera i« 4 flna view of Um 
lake aiid iimoamlme regioiL 

It ii Bald llut in olden time* ft youn^ miui, irlia had failed in liii 
•tudiea at Kyoto, ma retnniing liome diuppointod, when he Baw 
beaida the load at tliii plaoe an aid noman who was bually rabbing tha 
haad of aii aie upon a Mone. In answsi to liiB inquiritB ilie told 
him tliat Bha mu trying in lliismy loTubit down into a neadla. Tlia 
■tndent, aUuuk by this example oI dilkesuje and peneveranse, ratnmad 
to Kyoto when lie liejams mora suiwesBf iil in Ulb stndiea. 

iBOysmft ia a ope piojading into the lake neaitlie iiilat'oallodlao- 
ochirie, wliidi ib about 1^ miles ncotli of Hikaoe. It uoinmaudB k 
Sua visw of the laka, ialaiuls, and moimlaiiu. There a a Siinlo 
dirina dedioatad to Yanutodaks-no-Mikoto. 

Tftkciinm. " M^oy '''u>'le->Apea IsUodB, Smiles n<st]i-wwt from 
HDioiie, ia IGUB ft. in ciroiimfemni« and 7iJ ft, liieli. Tliera 
ia a good view rroin tlia top. Keuto temple 1ieloii(^ to tlia 
Nichiran aeot. A little nortli-itest from llie islauil is a rosk 30 ft. 
Iiisb, wluoh ia believed fajr tJie oommon people to have fallen from 
hearan. 

Hikonei > pl<Mant town on the asBtem ahoro of Lake Biwa, 
toRnarly helonsad to (lie well-known toiidal lord II Tlie 'I^aido 
Dailway pnnnnr along the eastern edge of tlie town, nhile Bteamboala 
ply to diHeraut plaoea on Uie lake. Tlie chief pioduotiooB aia a Idnd 
of ailk fabrio called Kinu-oliijimi, applea, and Ted tumipa. Tlie 
autJe if jaotamqatij dtnated on Kiiiki Hill about oua thiid of a 



8HIOA PBBFBOTUBS. 4i 

mile from Uie iitaiioii. ASim th« funom bftitlt oT Seki^aitfm fai 
1000, I«3rBiin I w iof i^ J Um oMllt of BftwtiyAiiui a|Mo li Mtamaw 
M A rmmn! f nr meritcarioat Mrrioa. T)ioii|{li Uit h$$m dUtd Mia* 
fArryini; oitt hi* inleoUna of rtmoving tlit qmUs io Kinki HOI, 
tilt! wM afionrartlt don* }j liii ton. Tlit oMtlt oo n t fa t in d io te 
tlie rwldenDe of Uie li family Uircmgh 111 fgamnihnm tad op io Ui» 
titiiA of llie IlMUvmlian in IHCB. TIm ttA)m of Coimi Nftoooili Htm 
ynmni hmd of the fami)j, w»i i)it fttnooa NAoaoliit li **n^*^-**^ 
lUmi who iMld Uio ofllot ol Ttbo or Prim* Minklv nate liw 
ShagnnR laandA and Imoolii Whtn moil ol Um fiUkiiali ««• 
oppfMsd to tho oi«ning of ilit eonniry io f<vtigiMi% Naoinhi ilood 
nearly a]m« in nrpng i)mi iha |w«1fi dionU lit o|«iiil, and UmA 
««i(flrn dnltxation dionkl 1« intrmlnrcd. Fnr iliii aal Mm ftainm 
lie wan graalfy liaiBil by moflt ol tlie o(Bda1is and MptdaQy Igr ib* 
Daimyo of Miio. In Mardi, 1:400, lie waa a—inairi Bitf iba 
Hakiirada (HOe in Yedo I7 17 memlcm of tlie llito dan. Timii ha^ 
chaneed; ami Uie people of Japan are now reaify io reoofnlat lila 
aUlHy, oouraee, and foraciglil; and lie will be rememland aa one ol 
the grealeai ■taleemen the ooimliy lien produced. 

Tlie oaeile, whieli oommandi a baaiitifol view ol the laJie, haa torn 
bmldinge; ^ijl — tlie Tmlm-ro, wliidi in tlie main iower; a ihrea> 
BtflriBd edifice called Nidiimarq; the Tenhin Yafidra, cr BUaaea 
Tower ; and llie Taiko Yagnra, or Drum Tower. 

(hi tlie north tide of the caetle and within Ha onlw 
moftt ie tlie ganlen ealkil ReJinnJin->'en. Orifinalty the pimartj ol 
tlie li family, it in now owned hy tlie tlJion»<>lid ClaK Tlw 
Rardm in tantf^tilly arranf^eil in imitation of the "BigklTiawa ol 
OmL'* In frfmt k tlie lake, and tlie Rreen hille form iha kadi- 
proanL Time are wevcral boikliiigii in antiqoe etyla. Tlw anaU 
eiimm^-liottfe near tlie nrrtliem limite is calM Rakwakn-iai, iha 
name lia^inf; rtfei^mw to tlie en^fninent to l« dvtued freai iha 
erenery. Ttmri^tn can finl goud lodging and food bera al reaaoaabla 
ratOK. 

Htkone ia a gooil plare from wliirh to make a eireail ol the 
ncrtlKTn part of tlie lake. diOcnlm I«kinl ie l£ tnilee diilani: t^ka 
I«>laiiil, 4 mtle»: Dktno Inkml, 17 miles; IflOil, 15 mdkm; and 
Cliotiieiji, 17 milai. To %iad all thete places by Kaimg iakae e«|y 
one day. 

Taga Jintha, e fSiinto temple about 5 mOie freae Ifikni^ ie 
dMU<nited to lianap-no>vnio(o, Imnami-no>MikoCo, and ee^eral other 
deities. Tlie eitei«4«e gromiib ate «nrroiinded I7 tall ealar tnae. 
IhffiBC the National Rihiletinn a epaoial feali^ in aaft^oi rtyle wUI 





be ah'srveil. 



i Hi>iiilo, lbs Nio- 
mnii, itTiilHlliiija-iitarleil iBgali. Id Uie lem)i1a is a uoleal picdiia 
Muii)ed lo K(>E«-uo-KB»sok«. Neai tltU isnipls are Konfdjiiiji iu 
BfttUkiwA vUlBea, iikl Kudanji iu Kuloi villaRe, both leJng vary old 
leinplM. 

Chomeijl >^ » lsmi>l«in tlisimilli-wcst of Okuna IeUdiI, ITmilen 
•mith o[ Hiktiua. It Uilnugs to tlia Tauilai mat, aiul lias lu 
iciaeB of Kwaimou cairveil ly its foiiuilar, Sliol.iku Taulii. Tliis 
fuiKgHUieckoneilBs tlis Hlet of (lie S:t huly Kwiunan ol 
provinces ^illililll by pflgriins. Aiieiirdiiig to traditibii tliU pUeriuia^ 
WH first inula l^ tlifl EinpeTui Knazaa (lldfi — DH6) wlio, while 
moiiming t)ie ilantU of tlia Empieii, visiled 33 templag team Mt 
Moclii in tlie pruviiira of Kii In Tauikniiii-dora in tlie province of 
Uino. 

ToiHomo Mliuilt tliU temple in tnemo^ of liii ntajuec BmbU 
BUeyoalii vlio fall while flgliliiie Involy. It wu Imrued in IGVa 
wImq attackail l^ OJa Nulmnaea; but ita lUvolaei soon oontributed 
moDey for naw buildiuga wliloh leraain to tlie pieMnt day. The 
temple may t« leadial I7 a liiglit of UUS Etone tlsp^ or b^ a longac 
bat eaatai patk Ods of tLe be«t viewi of tlie lake is ban oUaiDad. 

Okino Islind) ^ne mile iiartli-«B«t of Okmio Jilaod, baa a eoaat 
liue ol i mileii. Ai tbate ia no araUe land, the inliaUtanti are 
engaged in flabiog, Solmon-tiont, carp, ai^ eeli are oknght in ILe 
lake. 

Haohiman, imk Uia eaatam bIiom of I^ke Biwa, ia on Uie 
TokaUa Bailiny, o>er 16 milea loiith of Hikone. Most of tha 
««a]thy merdianta ot Omi live lioe. Thoueli email, it ii a flonriah- 
ing town. Tlia prinoipal trade oonaiata iu mata, moaquit<Miettin^ 
anl oament tliat ia mauutaatnied bare. Hanliiman Temple, frcm 
which the town derives its name, «aa founded in 1006. Uondawake- 
uo-Mikoto ia woraliiped in the middle iJirine, the Empress Jingo at 
tlie left, and TaniaynriJiiina at Uio riglil. Tlie groiiiulii am exteukive, 
and tha buildinga Irightly omamantej with Hiatal Irinnniiigi. Uia 
annual featiial ia for tour daya ui April, (rom the first Day of llie 
Hara to tha next Day of (lie Horae. On tlie flrat avaning of the 
lesUval tlie devotaea dance with pin^wood lOTultee. On tlia last day 
ornamental cara are oanied In pToaeaaioii. Tlie town ia thronged 
dnring llia featival tgr woraliipen «4io coma from far and near. 

Xt. JCikailli)^'^*'''''^'''''^^*^^"^"'''''"^^''"' isl^nown 
^ tevead tnhei nunea idoIi ai Buei, Uokade, and Omi-FujL 



RBIOA PBirSOTUBI. 

Th« etrmantmrntm at tlit \mm k abont 4 milM, aid tbt 
fmni tbt }mm in Uit moniiiit Is ov«r 1 mfla. Hm 
diviitoil into two pMlii ealM Ojama and Masrana^ 
anti Fnmala MnonteiiiiL Thm ia a Una viaw. Ilia 
lliikailo, (v Oinfl|iai1a Monnlaln, lafcra io tha Hgnid of 
nanaisd in oonnauUmi widi Uia iltagit><fawi of SiU WOigk 



4f 



Mala 
lit 



i 



TRADE 




fr 



MARK. 




I 

S. UYENO 





DEALER IN 

Hempen Fablics, Hannachirimen Crape, 

and 
Many other Crapes; all of >vhich 

being the famous productions 
of OMI. 
CLOTHES produced in other prefectures, 

are also dealed. 
HAKAKTO'HrCHI 0T8U. 

__ ^ M ^ gf ± 

0AT8 OH THS CANAL, BBTWSBH 
KTOTO AKD 0T8U. The fares, 
by reason oflhe gr eat "Eleven Hundredth 
Anniversary Festival of the Founding of 
Kyoto by Einperor Kwnmmu;" will be 
reduced into"i« of their each, from March 
2Bth till Aug. Bth, only for any who car- 
ries A Kinen-no-sho or Sampai-no-sho, 
and for any exhibiter of 
goods in the 4th Natio- 
nal Exhibition at Kyoto. 

(Children, lest than ten yean 
old, will be denuuided half of 
their Caret.) 

M»r rU* In. •! 
KYitm«ilit%ik«f«|. (iNN<«lm 

of ihinl Tunnul, KjniA Kmkv. 

KySte Seeii KajoibiM b^^uiaV^i 





i 



4T 
HYOGO PREFECTURE. 

Koba >■ > iKUUrnl hmU* cit7 iMtioc « gord baitoor en Uw 
•nntli, and inaid>il if mmuiteiM <m (1m Dialli. It !■ ftbnol ■{ nilM 
1<ii« ftnt IJ mill viilft TImn «n inn 41>,IIUU hnoMi, villi •bovl 
ISu.iWU inlialituiU. A rii« nklM Mig«t(i^w>rainiinc Uiron^lk* 
mtj lUihlM KSI« T^T" Iron HySso' Till I8Ca, «)«» XSlM ««■ 
fraekiiiMd an o)Wd pot, Hjfifo li«) bam » %«I7 dodfMUag to*^ 
iu liarbca' being oM of i)m jvindi*! onriBi o( horn* tnJiL SaM 
tlwu tlM ivoifHrity tiM l«ni lTw»(ani] to nbt, which hM nar 
nitea )«>ii inaa Mi ng In itopiitui'* ant vvstth. Tba liwha a< 
Kole faoaa Um ■mUl TlMn ii dNfi waMr and Maamva eaa anna 
np In tlM pisn. Atont OUJ iMamn* anpiePil >» f ovifB told* airfK 
anniwllf. It i> ncnnd tm\j to YnJirhama in iapotanoL Tb» 
K'irvifni CnncMnnn ia in Um ahtn at 111* aaalwn part of tbi li^. 
Kaietiwtari, cm tha walariroat, with tUtaimaotuAri and Motnalrdil 
doTi, rarslkl to it, an (bt inmipkl lnwiiw aU w Ii . 

T1i« rrinctpal piiMia baiUlnp^ oAcaa, Ac., an aa tollowa : — 

I'mfectnal GmarniMnt Bnildii^, KitaM^iv^Gri, flhidiSBA 

Oniliaraa Ship Var^ (Inniiama. 

Ontral roli«* Offloa, »hiinoymniat»Jnti, Bhlnhn—. 

XOtoHopiUI, " HliM>idia«M. 

K<>t0l'oli(a<MBea, Aiot-btalii. 

(Nllra of Hippnd YoMi Kai'lia, Kai^wluri. NieliSm. 

" Oiadia ShSwn Kwwi4m, ■■ BtmUm^ 

" P. A O. fMamahip Co, 107 Tavg» Cuumaaiufc 

" " UMacBriMUaritimaaBACo., " " 

Po-I ani TBl«mpl> OIBea, Balal—rhl. HnhuahaMa. 

BfBi»iio( Vako>iainaH|iadaHuik. " ft—tr'— ■ 

" ■ rlnl National ** - - ' IftiJ-^^--* 

■■ Hiin(^Da( and Sianchal. * ) Ftnign CunuaaiD*. 

(ttimiial Hntal, so " " 

Knl* I'apn Mill^ rknn(i««ljB.cU. 

RailwajrfMattnn, fluiDomi^ 

>lT<i«n RailwvRWion, IIwMhi KawaaaklAo. 

Rx«r< " ' Niihl Tau^WBik. 

KawaMki I>flrii Tant. H^Mbi-ICawwi>lii-elia. 

Yokxlivna Rnin»> Wiwin, " 

Ni)<f»n Rir« KipolalioD Co., fliitna Kami-ofau. 

MipT"*) Bit* Co, ■ 



HTOaO PKEFKOTURK. 




Thfl Nnnobiki Waterfall, tiiongii amili, ii hmone. it ta ij 

tailea (Tola Saunoniiya BlAlion. 'ITiS uama iiimiis "olotli Blretclied 
out loilo'i" *'1'''^> t)'^ founiiig wftlei utliuuelitluraMinlilo, Tliera nra 
Dpi«t and loner (alia called OJoki, or Kale, aiul Madaki, or Ksmala 
WalBrtall. Tlie lotter, aboot 3 dib Iroin lliu foot of tlia liill, i* i^ 
n. lii(pi aul 13 tL wiilo. Frum ilia wiio.taii brktge DTosaiug tlis 
Rtnam id (rout tliera is an excellent view. A wiiuUng jwili pnaea 
sroiiiul tlia liill to OJaki, a1«ut S diO failhsr oil. Tliii fall ia 
Ha j fl. liigli, Hiul 13ft. wUa. Aa Ilia wttlor ruiu otar a eli>pii>e rool^ 
it deaceoila willi lesa force tlinii at tlie Malolti. Tliere la a fiuc view 
in tlie ilireoUon of Onka. 

At the foot of (ha liUl, clear wator, iinpraenalaJ will) oarboDio auul, 
^inga from Uie rooki of KoegaguBlii, Diul ia hentoil lia latlia. Tlis 
la<bn«iu»a)MnuridMd«liDfa>fliraiolMMi. latewiliftbat: 
hood an Mvanl hotel* ud ttaJionMi. 

Hnwftyaina '■•hill with apntill(i}»rkBtthaiiariheid al Kobt. 
In a grove ii Uia ahniw of Bnm Mj^Jin from vhioli the Dams of th* 
bill ia derived. Then ii % mnn miiml iMth and many laa-hooJM; 
while on a point farther qp, wliaia ■ monament oommemonla* an 
oloarvfttioD made fay Fienah aatronomen of the tranait of Venai in 
1874, Uiera ia a fina viaw of tlia citj. Id the distance nan he 
■eni Sutna, loliinotani, and tlie mountains of lanmi, Kii, aul 
AmjL 

IkntaTsmpla, Kbont a i& from tli« Sannomtjra BUtion, it 
dedieated to Walialurome-no-Mikoto, a Bliiutu deil; who ia aaid to 
bkM tan^t the nis of tlie loom. It ia aiiTTonnlail br oryiitonieria 
uid eampUer IraoH. Diirlus llie war Idtwoun tlio Miuainuto ami 
Talra elana, a flerje battle na longtit lu tliEa grove^ A tamooa 
warrior o«llad Eajlwara-no-Kageaaa, aflar eiliauHtiiig hia anrowi, put 
a plum branch full of bloaioma into liii quiver, and than f oo^it on 
to the end without lodng a tingle petal from tlia Sowera. Tliia in- 
etdent it olten repreaented on olijactt of art Tlie oliiat objaott of 
intenat oonneded with the temple aie Bbira-uo-ume, or IJia Plum 
nee of the Quiver; Kajiwan't Wall; tlie Buiili Clovar of Alaiimori; 
and the Ciaeau lambook IHie last it at Uie left of Uie entrance and 
•unoauded by a black fence. It ia aometimea called Uie Empieai 
Jingo's Fishing-rod, a« it ia aaid lo ha^'e been Ironsht by liar aa a 
email plant, after her tuooeasful expedition againat Corea. Sha ia 
aaid to lia\« foondad this temple in honor of Walwliirunie-no- 
Uikoto whom alie had worthiped aa patronaaa of tha aipadition. 

Hinatogawa Temple, ^lao sailed Naukoaha, it at Tamou-dori, 
Sanahome, It ii ijediaaled to KutDUolii HaHuhige, the noted patriot 



Hmoo tMMwmoivmm. 

(8b> HMoty M K}«o), md wm (mmdail b U7L 
plaM «u ■ mM ric»niM aith ■ tn oU pina MM tW riadid • 
«<K« monnnMiit o( »toNu4ilffk Tha tnM ftnl mcmnnMri lUU tiaai 
on tlw twnpto grminda. Tli* ipvniiili u* U*a(f, MfaekU; im tb* 
nnniiic wlion iiii:lii«lin{iii n( all hinln mr* oronal tor lb* [Hfcanigi 
nl rrriBilii III t«<ii>la *lin r«ni« froni all iiiadwu. 

AUnil 4 rh) li> (Iw vcid U B IliRklliul tMDpla mIM Kupi^ hit 
c'Siimmh' kiiniii w KoniDiAMbn. It ia tb* pto«a «!>■• MaM 
*1ii(,*, aim pllanlly |iolilii« bia )>iHt on lb* Miilii pa» mUX 
liotlirr nwnUii « ma nMlMa, wHbitnw lo a fana-hosaa aad oo^ 
niiltril irai-iila in onlv tn m\a bh bon'* aa a hsva laiintiif. 

XinKtOgSWII Park W on Ui* itrtani «boa« naoM It ban. 
'riiniicb tbe Tiifr 1* miall, llw plav la fammia aa tha aoHM «1 
Ki<aiiii'ihl'i kM l«Ulii. UiMlty, litlaoJ, lh« ia no n^m hi Iba 
litra, tliara l«ing iiiin|>1]t a Imig nrrov Inl of wbiia taaJ iJiWiJiln 
Intwnii tlrt rmia ot tg»| fina*; hot alUr a f«w borni nm a —II 
ilit«iii ripi>t*i mai Dm nanO. It i* a jteMiit f^Mi. *q«ekU7 !■ 
nunnm, wliaii auaxj pcupl* nma to anjnf tita oool and IiMh ak 
ot •l^>i>l(^ 'llm* an wifval (aa-bmMa ■Ions tlw faaakSi 

MinKtoyama OlUVn <■ a but >«lb ■nipr«snata> *Ui « ■ '*"■*■ 

ar^l, wliirb ia on Iba iit.|i«c MOia <i( Um Ubulogaink baidd* tbt mad 

- In Ai-ima, atkl alionl 3 milaa fnm K61*. It 

pailii mlM Hitn^Kfu an] 1tlin^j«, IbM I 

)«i<iiKm( almnt MRh. TiMm ata Ih^Ih, Ua-hniiwa, and n 

W»ld» JiDlhft al W«d.,««U.m.^.{, HancbSitM, ll}3r>, li ** 
ralftl In Amanorainakaniulii-na-Miknta wlio h msdtipad bf Iba 
t«i->|<)* nr lIvORn ai roardian daitj n( Ibav ritj. It «ai ■aalad b 
|i'i.'if>. Tlw [vinpiiial ilinna ia * fin* inuUint *tth aiidit tncda. Aa 
tliK ilnilT «(inilii|Md hen in i«^nM *■ tb* rnanlian ol Iba laa, ouuaj 
nilrm rm* In laay fo a anoMHidil iiyttft, 'ilw aonoal taallMl 
n-r<,rmon1li*3I<)<rfMav. 

W»d»>no-]liMUci " H" «^'T '•I" I»<*«*»ll '"« »>* • 
*Minu cia>4 •■( Uia Itartoar o( H)«ea B«Ub (ha V^Ah 
Ibn* ia a rnnni Mom latttr^, whk-h, InfiMhs wilb tiMl at tt« 
mimlli <>( ilM |iliml>^*a, aaa nvrtel bir Xatn Aw*-b»Km), Iha 
eaklnint ailmiral of iIm Tohiwwa ir « .w iim » B i. HajDnl tba mm 
ran 1h tarn Om nuliiU'intl nn^ of mnaolauii in (ha |«miiMa» «l 
Kii ami liiunL 'Dia pta« ia an-h tIuM in (iving MiJ a^mmm. 
Tlin* an M»(nl l)«-b.iniia(. 4h| Um dxn, 3 <*• ««t IroBi Iba 
IkIiI liniur, ia a kr«t atkl ptaanurt |tttk oltftl WatakMn. ViaiUn 
enraa al all MMi<na <d Iba t«v. bat ViiMemllr In nawMr. T^ 




4V Htoqo pbxpkotukb. 

MbMltautf flWiiMe. 
TRgfttft Jlnift i> in lliB vllUee or NuttK'n, nantly 3 inlhii, amitli. 
. MM of K3l» EMiiiii. It waa (onuiled in Xionia of lUe ileily 
W tliB EmjiraiB Jingo wliaii Hlia retiirnftl 
i ol Ca'w. Tl» Ia14et nn the fwu » vKlr>e.l an 
hATtas bMD vittlan a\mit liMK) yearii a(><i V Oito-au-Dotii nlio is 
maitead OM «( OiB lliree ipwt wrileii. <>r nl.leu Lima. Tl>a \iak of 
MM* hafmma itudini; lafiuti tlia sliriiie lire i«i<l ti> ti»>e leen 
fKtmUM ty Om Hnperur MninXiuiLi iu cralitudu fur niu anil in 
BH in MrpoDM to bit \it»yerB. Tlia dslty hue »i»'Uiiiia<l is iIjs God 
<l FM* kad il Wptdally wnrplii|ieil by speiiiUtinn kiuI innruliantF. 
Om tiM flnt digr at ovaiy moiitti tlis teiaplo la nrowilsd witli wis- 

ftHtiOa (nm NnooUki Wnterrall, it cup of llii- l.l;lle^t iifnl,! of ilia 
BoUio lUncs ot monuUtiiu. Tlio momtUiii in wall woimIciI wiUi 
•teripMn ti«ai ■□ tliat it preMu'n * pluasiiij; npiicaniu le m aeeii tnun 
ftdistuitM. Tlid Bleep p«Ui leading tn tlM Hiuninit ii dukeued tgr 
the interlaaiafE Inuijliea of spruce and pine (reea. Theie ia a 
bMnlifiil and eitsnaive view of oitia.i, ^ilili(|eK, ferjlle feldii, 
moDDUina, and tlie Ixoad eipanse of tlie Day of OcakA. Nbm Uie 
top il a Boddliiat leniple tunndoil mora tlian 12(K) j-eara ago \iy a 
Baddliist prieit from India named Hailo^annia. It balDnfga to the 
Shingon eaat, and liaa an imafie o( tlie Gleien-fased Kwannon iu the 
main temple. There ii a tower called Kaisan-'o andanntliei email 
tMiipledadioatedtoHayaFiijin,tlianiotlieroI Shaka, laauDimarniaiiy 
people, both native and foroieo, ulimb the mounUin anit snmoUniea 
lodee Uiere in order to eeuapa the heat of tlia plaitu. The lemiile 
weloomea then visitotH, fornialiing tliem witli maale and lodging, if 
tliey Kill abatain from eating fiali and other animal food prohibited 
to Buddlkiat prtasta. 

The Arima l>°t apringa are in tlia town ol Yayama, aitualad in 
a valley north of tlia Ruklia Uoiintain, and about 14 milen from 
KSbe. Viaitore from the latter pla[« will linJ it mnit uonvanieiit to 
go by train to Siimiyuehi, and than^e by hujo. The uliiaf spring liai 
been known from time iinmemoriali aul, though the llow was unue 
or liiioe abut off l^y the nonvulaiona of nature, it waa noon re- 
eatabliahed through tlie Buddhist inuatti Ojoki and NiiieeL Uore 
Uiftn twelve centnriea ago the n}a9i waa visited by the Kinperot 
Kolokn. Hideyothi repaired tlie lath-houae aiid liiinaelf made uae 
of it. Tlieee inoidanta have edited to the lepulation of the apringa 
wliiab an Jtoown all over the uouutry. The pieteut l»th-houae waa 



tMnmiroBM in IXSl atUi Um i^la nl udiitactia* vail in pUM* 
bnildinp-. In MUiUnn to Um Wh nMd I7 nway pMrMM (■ MM- 
Dinn, (liaiv ua nj«n(* tcmci* (<« tlinw wiio ^ooh thw, lb* 
MnprTBlnra of llw mtor i* SD° cnK. II OABtalna (faMda of 
wvtiiun, |in;k>itinin ual laklnni ; ftul kW ft nn«ll qMaU^ ol KdMill 
1iTi-mi ]«iic))>i<ali' i>f bnn itMn, 

llMklM tlis |irini4|iiil firlni; Ui«n m« (1m luilowtiif : — 
Haoi-ivv^Tn, or fliinyn, ntt higlMt pMind, •ImoI SOD It fr<m tbih 



U««iari.na.Tn, er JmIoo^ Hot flfiritifb >■ 
It b (o mlM bnsitt* tiM j-npit tliink tliat th* i^rtDg peua 
out >l Boy heantilnilr Awwd wotnaa *lio afifrciaidMa it Tfaa 
vatn inrflleaeioiu tn iMaline iii-aaeil •onnt*. 

Maarai-nn-jn, tw MvimiilLii'n'k^D, lueful in aj« dlaaaaaa, b 
tvlvMii Kamitani-ina'^lti anil ffltl'Biitani.niarhi. 

TaiMibyii in ail ariilMally MrmnI )*Ui M oMbnnta mU «■)« 
(hat ia <ioi>liiR>al In )ri|<n ti'm iIm (iTiiw at Rivfaataai wImn «■■ 
can nMain a <-„kt tetli in t]i* aasM w«tv. A littla ncn Iban 1 dli 
•nnlli-imt c4 llw oliriiv i( Tivi]i«nhii, nr li«ll of Hilda; and MoaU- 
ii|I<«ti, n Hrll o( Wflrm*. Um t<>rmn ii an old »1l, and Dm 
lutn a me; Imm Uitli «( vliieli UiFra uaiwa cwhoole aeU fMlB 
■■ifllctnnliiiian'i'tr* In iXnU'ir t\i» Itip iifioaall aninMbk 

Yiijaina-mU'lil, •Imit (1m rt*)"K* *" >'(n*<'^ aoadala of iM 
lioriin. Bill lian an altoaiinn <4 l.l&'i ft. abm Dm l«f*l ol Um m*. 
KriiiC >itna'«i1 amoiie tfnbnt mniin>ainii, it liaa a para alwin^ilwia 
Willi ■ mol an( »>rTMliin|[ clinuUr, ilini makiDc U a ntlabto ntnal 
fr-o (lia ItMt "t nmiBMT. In airtiimn it i« mada ptaMAntt^ Uw 
tmtntj M t)M manT-onlond naplaa; wliiia (1m tuitflra a( thai hmcm 
•njin' IinnSiv na tlM monn'aini (or mniiTiMitBa. Anoof Um m*^ 
l»anli(i>1 y»wr. t]>rM n( "1 jirji 1 I II il iTill iilliilTniMl 
nn-taki an mnrt nntad. Tlinoc^ ipmnt^d Itam Um Mf, M ii 
aii)>|ili«>l widi niniviiiatirH aal oantoHa. HoWla, MaUvmMi^ ftad 
iliApx arr avii fninialmt Willi wkai pvnpla nf all elaaaaa an UM7 
to drwif. Amxne manj hotala, (ilinn»-lS, NJuuM, IkMMUv 
Gndio-Io, anl NaUn>U8 an Um Int In rmnmm Um nabM 
of luiicmauwAb liMU in a dajr. Th* fnlw^'""* ■»**'■* b*^ 
nl hunlam ani wiatwia, and Um piittprj otlM Arintn-TakL Tha 
lAfnUai war>«, wliirli an i4 Una wmluDanalup, a 
piirin] In (unifn lanila. 





■ • Uiw law tl iMtlia Pay ual t 
«Mdlia(«M9Hi «■■•&«» Itak* 4iki Eikft At IkM lime mui} 

XtnteJlMfta ■ ■•<• tiiinb of ■ 

vmHK «h>« iMbh ta to W ••«• uu Um boCm isual V I'" 

Bin « ImH m Mm hMfcoC *b«Q, ^md >i>Uitndw b«n ilie 
jai«iaAB|aMai^q^ial Ma* fr«Mt ftaaa biuataoU <i( miies liii-aat, 
I— »«|nyH* ■■Mk AlttMliM>ihs»>na*«m(xmnilTi>aa 



r 1 i^s frtm NidiiBcni7« SWian, h ■ 



Hirota Jinikk, < 

Sun(5 Innpla of nq 

Bin[— ■ JingiiL A long tt^t at itoBa itwft dMdad ly fint taea* 

tNd* up to Dm tenpl*^ wlikb is not moBh Twitad, kHhoQ^ it ooot- 

Tha Takarainka ii"* ■P'^'C* "^ isolUt si miiM ncrOi o( Niiiii- 

nomiT* BtMloa, ««ra only mMiiUr dunovarad. TIm w«te aauttin* 
DiDeh Mdlam olilorida. Diing Mnil; rattdkod from Onkm and K5Ls^ 
111* piMe la now iniMli vUitad Itf (lioaa who villi in IhU qnitt 
ratraat to eat*]* fmm Uia <«na ukl wnn^ of oiljr life, Holal* aiid 
taalannnta Imilt al«iat tliB ii|irlii|iis uti llio rieUt Innlt of tlw 
Unlioesw*, iirovldo [or Uta UMtb ut IIiom vUiUitK, 

Bnmii U tiM ujuna gli-au lu Iwu onuMjtoil ntj-eUliaa ol H^^Lore, 
HigMlii Bnmft and NUbi Biun*, wlildi rur meat tlian a Uioiuand 
ymtt ha>a Lean nolad tor tlialr louMty. Tlia leaah ia of flna wlitta 
Nnd, and thare ar« a p*ti niiuiljei of piuelieeti. LooVing auroaa 
tlif watST, Uie [aland of Awajid Men near tiy; wliile lunali tartlia 
•way ara tlif mouulaiiu of Awa, Kii,aud IiuiuL In favnrable weatLar 
tlia lia It ornwilad with wlilU aalla. HoMIk, raetaiaaiita, and taa- 
liniitM almaiul tor Ilia anlartaintneut of tba viaitiiri wlio coiue at all 
NHnni I Inil eajnclall]' In Die aiimmei' Jni eea-lnlliing, ami iii antnnin 
to Me llie iiiodii-llglit upon tlie water. Ho^'oiii, tbe Ictt hulel, is in 
tliH |iltw grnia. Tlie air lielng favoraLle tor llioea aufferine from 
aiitMimi|iliiin hhI Inbbi, man)- patiBnta acme for relief. Somadaia, 
a IlixVllilnt (nn)ile liaviitg maiiy anaient IrWBnrai, is on tlie aide of 
(In miiiiiilaln, liall a mila eaat of tiie Station. Hauy noted Liatcai- 
ml Mim an In tlili vioinitr. 



Htooo PRBFIOTURI. St 

Iehi-no»tani ^nui tin* w^ne oC a colohmlcd \mii}& htiwmn tli* 
Tiitni aivl Miimtnotn cUinf. Ninntant anl SMinolAiii ti« on Um 
Rftmo imneB of moantaiivs nil Mng on the road leading from KSkm 
to AkMlil Tc^dcAipMTiiiie iii a liUVi nnrtli of NinolaiiL N«r Om 
eloM of tli« IStli etnlnry <1m Tliini ekm, who liad tht young Buiywui 
Antokn in llieir pofveufdon, ritrralfO (o (bk pUot wHish fliqr 
utrongly f<viifed; but YothiUmiw, (feneMttlii^ the liOli whidi had 
been ctonncd impMMible, AttActed the i»boe and »l il on Art. The 
»He of tlie iniboe b pointed out to vkiUvii. Diildi tlie roftd oev Vgr 
in a itoiie mommiont, abont 11 ft high, known aa tli# tomb of 
Ataitmori, tht yonng warrirr stein bgr Knmagii (Bea dMnijitiiin of 
Knrodani Temple in Kj9to). A famotw tea4ioiiM oMur \^ eelli the 
Atenmori-eolA, a preparation of bockwheat 

Maiko whidi bee reoentty anqvibM a lepolation aa a eea^ida 
reeart, in about a mile weid of tlie irtatloo baring the eune name. II 
in tittiated between tlie Tilb^^ of T»nimi and Taroada, and inahidw 
a ntreloh nf eoa shnre ahmtt one tliiril of a mile Iroed and 1| mte 
long. Hie gnarled and twisted pinoe growing in the mnd tn 
tlionght to retemble **daneii« girla,** that boti« the meaning ol the 
name. Tliere are ■ereral fine hotels. 

Aknihi derites its name mmning **red etooe** from the redsi 
on its coasi Tlie castle, now mined, was built early in the I7th 
century liy Opimwara Uboo-rnvtayn. Its eitensi^e fTonnds are now 
A pnhlifl park. HtUxnam Jtnelia, from wliieh tlieie is a Una view, 
was iNitlt at tlie i«me time as the eastle. Iwata Jinsha, on the 
ccaM, hss its aimnal feeti^al on the 13th of Bsptemfcer. 

Famoni plaeet in Bantbi, BansiA or Uie |«ovinoe of Herimn 

is ill tlie we st e rn part of Hycgo Prefectare. 

Fntsmtcanra is on tlie see uuasi, 1) miles sooth of Tp»hiyama 
RUtion. It is noted for a onall octopus oaoglit them. It eontatne 
a Bliinto trmple called Ftitami Jlnsha. 

TfnU TkOslii, or Tr^lajem Kwaknnnji, 1 mile ttvm Kakogawa 
8ia*i(>ti, is a fsmons old temple of tlie Teiidai sect In H ie enshriaid 
an imsfe of RlioinkQ Taislii 

At Hiimiyoslii Jinslia, a temple in a pine grore a little <nm a mile 
from Kakopiwa Blation, is the Onnenckans, an old Boddhisl bell 
wbirb is sakl to ba«e been broq^ht tliers by tlie Emfwese Jingo from 
Ccrva. Hers are also the fMnoni. Takasago.Aiai.ao-malso, two 
Tery old pine tifos oniled into one. Nearly ie another 
AgBil pine called Miyakogoi Kataa-no^nateo. TVa it 
these famooe tieee are oftaa YMnmainii «a « M i<n tl 



H 

npeoially 



HVOOO PnEVItO-TU RK. 



irlialM UKsd at wftUUiigii onil oilier jnytiil 

tenipis culled TftXai^go .IIiuIib, n1i[oli lb abuiil 3 itiiloBtrnm Kakoeswa 
Slatiou. lu uiiiiial tufttival la oljaorvoJ rjii ttiu liitli of Supleiuler, 
nlien Sliiulo prkati aul muelciftiis Bosompftuji tlio msoj uu lu it 
ia Itkeii out ill a Iwnt upon tlio sea for llie porf utnuLnoa of ceilaiu 
Many riahly omauieuUd priralu bmlB go onl at llie 
•aius timB. At uiglit a large nuinbnr ot papur lanlonw ara diaplayeil. 

Soue-Tcujiii, one iliini of a mile from Amida Slalimi is a SLiiito 
t«ni|tla vitL exlensite gronikU. On the monulnin near by is a 
plum-eiotB. 

iHliUio-Hixlan ia 1^ miles from Atnida Sla'JnD. A rosk, Gl 
iqaare feet iu size, is bo skilltnlly placed iii tlia pond that at Itia Rnit 
Blance it looks ob if llontiui; on the water. 

Tlie plactis mentianeil abovu are UtoK that touriblu nei'ei tailed to 
visit nliuu iiiaklne tlio Baiitliri-iiiawiiTi, or tour of tlie luuviiiue. 

Bitnej). "Hie (amou* SMtla ot Himeji wm firtt Irailt on 11m liQl 
■«Ued Iniagi, or Himsyama, hj an ancdant murior named 
Akamalsn aadatuwi. In 1600 Oeda Tarnmaia, the lord of the 
region, enlargad it and oallsi] it HimejL A regiineiit of the Oaaka 
OairiaoD bu reMntly been atationad in tlie oaiUa. A Sliinlo alirina 
dedkalad to laolakern-no-Mikoto ai>d QliiiiuneinuDlii-no-Hilioto liaa 
ita annual festival on the lotli of November. At iDteit«la ol 91 
and el yeara tlima ara ff^tA feativalt luoli aa are aeldom to be seen 
•iMwhera iu tliat rugiuu. Tlio oi^ ooutAiiui tlio ruliu of tnaiqr 
aneiant plavai of nolo. 



Yushima Hot Springs. 



Illiiff well-knovfi renort, wliioli in poptilarly known m the Kino- 
Mkt Hni flpriiigw, U in Ynffliimn, a viiuig« of KtuoMiki Conntj 
in tbe l^rotinoe of Ti^ma. 'I1i« villafiB, wliioli is abimi two milts 
from the fffA in iMniifiillj idiiiAiail wiili tlM KiuouMki Ri\«r in frooi 
awl motiuUlui in Um reftr. Tliongb cold iu wiuUr, Ui« olinuU* ii 
dsliglitf nlly oool in ■nmnMr. Tliera an om Uitm hondrad honaaa 
forming one long ttnti that ia diirkloil into Kami-no^io, NakA-ac^ 
did, and Sliimo-no^io ; or Uiipar, MiiUle, and Lowv Waida. Tha 
ordinary dwalling* are two atoriea in lirtglit ; but moel of the inns art 
(lirre-fit4rkNl ImikUiHP^ As it is a qniet ooinitry pUiiar, tlie simple 
ami kiraMtoar'Kl )«o|iki ooriUally wttlo«mie all olasKoa of viatt««iL 

J I issakltlial Yiislitiiia was firai o}«iuiil as a waterinqtiaoe mopt 
tlian 13vM) years ago, and that it lias flourislied ever sinea. At all 
times tliere are se%enU handred Ti^t(4ii: while at the lieight of tlit 
season tliey are ntinikored by thousambi; people coming not only 
from (he neiglibfcin^ provinces, bat also from phizes hottireds of 
miles distant. Tliere are sii Sfrtngi of wliioli those oalled Kooo.y«, 
ManUra-no.3ni, and (loNlio-no-yn, are in Ksmi-no.?|id at tlie base of 
tlie monnlain : lohini-no-ya is between Naka-no-«h5 and 8himo-iio> 
cho, also at tlie base of tlie mountain; while Yanagi-noTii aad 
Jixrviirvyti are in FBiim<vnfvclid. Of tlieee lehini-no-yv, Ooah»-no> 
yii, sisl Maiklara-ntvyn are the mont p(»ptiUur. 

'Hie water of tliese springs is elear. r«>larless, and witlioitt oJor. 
It contains lariie qoaiiritiefl of (Tlihciile of Brvhtim, Oarbimate of 
Holiiim, atsi (lihviile of Calcinin; small qnan'i*ies of Balphala of 
I'ofassium, llrrmiide of Rodium, Rfilpliate of Sodiom, Nitrate of 
Calrittm, (Tliloritle of Magnesium, and Atlirio A(*iil; with only slight 
tran*« of llionplinrio Adil, Iron, anil iHpuitc snbatanroiL 

Tlie qvingp are of benefH to patients stdtaring from <|y s | ie | > ai a| 
Uhotifiness, nenralgia, sick lieadarhe, insomnia, nerroos «» 
liaostion, kakht^ anaemia, srrofnla, rlieomatism, goat, skin diaaaaai^ 
eoiifnim|ition, ehronie bronchitis; aisl di i* ases of tlie livrr, spinal 
mvil, litems, 19 libkkkv. Tlmy art also liel|if til to tlioae raoo%«iag 
from severe illnesik 

Tlie villa|:e is also noieil for tlie |«««lii<Hion of artiolee mailt from 
wlieai straw ami mnlherry wood. Home i»f tliate goods art of r»> 
markalily fine wtvkmansliip and liave re^vited |*ises at variovs 
eihikstions. Tlie straw mivk is now l«ing wnt to foreim eoimtriaiL 
11h» »li<yps on both sides of Kami-no-clio and Naka-no^eho sail 
goods. 



I 




TtMnbaPntMiilTuleeraphOflloe, withdojiaitnieuU lomon^- 
oatel and ptndL Tlie villiDts ciiiitaiUH EOvural iSEliinTauU, Uk- 

to <lie Sliiiigan Mict of Uiidilliism, is tlia most 
It vaa foiiuclikl ill ?J9 liy lloiJii Bbunia, tlie priest 
S tllB liot BpringL Tlio [uinoipOil Inisgs in of th* 
MBDOD, md was oiu'\eil ijj' llio isloli-iklwl Koitmn. 
Vb» tm^ ta «n Uie ilopa nf tlio nKimitAin al-iut :i dto (mm Oib 
■mc «ad «( Uw rinot. UieIibt up tlio inuiiiilAiii uu rcid-onmialJoiiH 
^ ItN tM noM tMplei of BliikKkii. 
"" " " ■"" I iB faelow Unseuji, lioi iu iu groimJs Kwatiki- 

S, ud otliur hnildines. Tim (wn imagea M llio Niij 
i Ilia Icit wotk'4 nr llulicl AiQuiig tlw) 
) nisny stnna lanterns tliat lias-e leeii 



n nliD )ia%e leen Lealsd at Ilia sjiriugB. 

Akltuduk, k SUin'.o (allele ia uoMd for ita m^iki; whtia Snom- 
Htn is visited dming t)ie Emson vhen tlie wisUiu u in bloom. 

Hnnjiiji, ■ BmUliiit Ismple belnugiiis to Die BcdJu wot, in nau 
llw end uE Hliimo-no-olii). It liu k Ivg* weopLng-oLeny-lrea. 
BeLind llie temple is Hiyonyuna, « liill whose summit i> ouij 
aboDt 1 cho horn tbs straet It oommnniU > bou^ view ol tb* 
iil)*eB, while to tlie norlU nuy la seen Uie blue exiMiue ol the ••> 
dotted witli pret^ ialauda. At Hie nonhern baaa o( tlie bill it k 
IkkeokUed Momosliima whiob aonlkinsnuuiyctrpand/una. 

Int«rMtiiig plnoes in tlio vicinity of Yusliima tn Itliiywui, 
Kinnmaki Miojiu, and Seto. 

It i> a misl^e to BuppoaB benanae Tajinui liaa maontkins on all 
bat ita nortliern bmlar, tliat theiefcre it ia ilifHoolt to reaoli Ynitumk. 
Tlieie are Mveralways \if wliioh the jomus]' can be easily mkle. 
Tbo beat road ia tliat from tlie province ol Hoiima. Iliia road ii 
naootli, leiel, and good for eilUer jimilualia oi ooaoUei. His Bantan 
Hailmy ia now open between Uimeji and Ikimo, tlie latlei being 
almost half way between tho tamer and Yiuliima. Hitrae omning 
from Kyoto, (Isalu, and the [soviiicee aloug the Inland Saa will Bnd 
it beat to go to Ikuno via MLmeji, wh(ini:a tlie jouiuey by jimikialik 
or ooaali «an be made in a day. Tlie diitanc« from Kyoto liy w>y 
of Tainba is BQ ri; from Osaka Iiy way o( Hinieji, &i ri; and from 
Osalta liy way of Saiida, 4u ri. Tlie aoonn ftoni Kyoto will bsoom* 
tar eaaiei wlisn the ptuiuued rail-road froiii tliat city to Wadayama 
aommencea its operation. 

Tilers are about fifty inna kt Ynsliima; and the nireotora (Oyyi) 
at tits entranoe of tUs village will kiiutly aid rtran^rs to Riid 



UM HOTEl 

82, Division Street, KOBEl 

I'li-nmiit mill IlniiflMimi'lv Knniittlinl IttMinm 
Sjm'-ioii^ llnr luxl IlillinnI lt<Nirn 
CoiiifiirtnMp It4>niliri(t II<niiii 
■oderaie i'arilt: Home Conforta 

Old Pest&gc^ Sta^m^n 

PACKET OF JAPANESE STAMPS- 

/v*sr >«/■;« 

Ho. I. (eoBUiniUdiffanBtatiinpiuideBrdi) IS-M. 

Ho. II. (eoalainiSSdiff^rtBtilMMptudeards) tM. 

Ho. III.(eonlitiiia>Sdi(hTeBtaluipi} 40. 

Sakftye-ya & C©. 

No. 139, Motomachi-dori Sanchome, 
KOEE^MPAM 




ji<]f-ij^ji]jJ-|<W)^^, 



(THE HOTEL) 

Adjoiuiug to ttie hot epriug of Onstui, 
KINDSAKI, TAJIMA. ^ 
i own, (u all yuiir bcncfite and prateo- 
I tioiii^ tliiit wc have Iiccoini^ twi prtispoitius. 
J 'Sow our iii^ual liuldl having become too nar- 
rowtoreoiivc bo many of thegueatB, wehave 
built B(i<litionall}' a new elegant house. We 
payed a grrat deal of attcnsions concerning to the cii^ 
i-ulatiun of the atniosphnro and tho oleamcAs of tlw 
roomH and fiirnitiirra. Esm-oinlly liereaftor, we will 
cndciivoii I' to mmiai^d lilH^nilly mid ctTodtuully, mi Uiat 
to ufronl III! jiomiblo nttiHfiu<tii)UH to flio KiiowtH. Wo 
oxpcfit ovoiy initiiitu to wolluimu tlioMi wlio will («>iiio 
here to take bath in this hot spring. 

ai<»mg>r H. KATAOKA 

(Cimrent luins UIKIYA. 

Limited. 

No. 80, 87 & 88 CONCESSION, . 

»w« 

MANAGER. 




U. TAKAHASHI. 

anufhoturer of all 
kinds of Trunks, 
Harness, and other 
feather goods. 

All orders promptly executed at 
moderate prices. 

>o. 195 Hotoouialii Boknehome. 

Kobe, Japan. 

¥ ¥ « ?9J 



DEALER IN 

FOREIGN BOOKS 



Mc>tiinia<*hi (ttirhOme, Kii\n\ JAPAN. 



m^^^^^a^^*ii^^^^^^,»^,m^^^^^^^^^i^^t^0i^ 






OKAYAMA PREFECTURE. 

OkaTama, tlw mplAtd of tht |««f«oiur0, anl ont of tUi teffMl 
Mm fi tlio Hiinyoilil, wm iatmnif tlia midtiioo of a fmtMi Ictd 
mnMj Jkoda. It ezionilii 1| milot frcm cai* to ii«it ftod S| milis 
from nrrth to lOfitlu TliMne u% 14,617 lionMN ami a popolfttioii of 
r»4l,r>4:l. 'Ilio ImI tiwt\M urn IfAnlthnntn^JiTi, HMi1iiiji-«lii% MUM- 
tiiJK*1ii, KAiiu>-»4iijir1i^ KfttiiiiifMsliii, NaIoiikmsIm) Mkl HhinioiMv«h&. 
A r'xsfs cmIIchI Amhi-f^wa f|(*wii tlirdiigli tlie cHy, ami in tht at rtgu 
XtaX in a frtAtimi of tlm Raiiyii lUilway. In rooent yeani tlia onmte 
of pemiiiii vintli^ tiM city for bamntMi or ptaMuiv hM parati^tU^y 
ineranmil ; and it in ftdranoing in indivtruU and oomniOTdal impcst- 
anct. 

nillLlO 1}(J1LDIN(}B, ETC. 

rrefnetnral Gm«ninieiit OiQofliS Hokikmuwelio. 

I>if4rict Onirt^ \Vei4 of Oo%«nimenl OOeta 

Nmnal H Innl ami MiiUlt B.-iimil, . • . . Hipuaii NakaMi^a. 
Mekliral Doi*rtineot of tlia Tliinl CaUop«», lJdii-8an|{a. 

Okayama HoitNta], Hcrtli of Madioal SabooL 

Poit aikl TeleiiTapli iKBcp, fQiimaurvmadu. 

CHy i >mon, Hipudii NaluMai^a. 

Hpinnuif; Ca, HaiialtttaktL 

RpiKlii Kwai^ia, Uelii-mnfli. 

Kkyrtrifi l/iijlit (Jo., Urhiuttnqet 

llaiik«s Ftmatmiki-iiiaeliL 

Ri«*liaii|:« for Ric« and oUwr Orainn, • • • • Amaw. 

Okayama Cattle ^'•^ >muH in \»<\ liy UktU Naoiya vlio 
rtmirrc^l tltithcr frm a plaot flalM Mihmma. Aftar hia daath hit 
MH*<iik1 Ron, Ifachiro, in ol^dimea tn tlit fw\tn of Ifiiliyarfti, addM 
tlie Trmltti-kakn and oUiv bmUin|{% at tlio mn^ tima dbanginf tlia 
poMilifin of tlw Uwmm H««nmarn. Hit Trmliivkakn Itta ft iCoriti^ 
ami i«i G7 1 ft. Iiiglu (Ma Hiiletyv Uni« tli>rrafftl at ilia ballto of 
Brkipkliara, tli^ ra«t|a rama into tlia prMrMion of tba dinaafoo 
HiiWki, aiio'lirr nM^mtcr of tliaekut A« Iw liail no anoranwr. Ilia 
Hli5fniii lir(ii'»««Nl tilt eairtia tipm tlw Ikf^U family. At tlia haitiniiinK 
of tlw Meiji |«»ri««| it vaa takm mnW tin* eoit*rn| of tlia War 
Department, but in l^-^o again eam«» iiitn tlia pnHBMinn of tlia 
Ikfda family. All tlia hntUin^ ttnpfit tlia TtnrimJuUin and 
KvaniTtAint lia^a l^»n iMrm^L 

Korako-yen in Pidrngio-marhi i« a l^^ntifitl park of m<«i tlaui 
16 arrw wltirh wan laid mit in 16K> by tin* Anwy • Ik^la 
It o«ii4aiiw four iKmb. A ilniani of «aUi dkawTa^K^SB^^dB^ 




OKAYAM* paHrBOTDBB. 



piuSBs tliTDUgh tliB garden. Tlia Baath-iifJS'arQ pirt li»a tlii :kly wnaloj 
liilliukH, wliils Uhj nurtliera put is leva! willi a Irua^l lawn. Tlia 
onslani aula, baiog oiiaii, givos a g.>oJ viow ol tlia iluitaiit moim'Auw, 
Tliera are BBveral pleiuiiira-hoiiBan soattereJ llitoiigli His park. Taina 
crauea add to tlie piistureaiiuiniiss c>[ tlia p^mia aoil lawn. Tliic a mia 
□f (lie boet speuiuians of lainlajapa gSFdeuing that ia ta lyi foiiud in 
Japan. Porintiily owuul lo' tlw Ikftla family, it unino iiitn lliu pimox- 
HOQ □[ tlia pretaatiml ({ovenuiiaiil iii U&i. Yenyutsi, mui at llie 
biiildingB, wa« maile tiia Umpctuj niHidauuo ol Ilia Einpeiar wIbdii lia 
viailed Okayama iu Itl.la. 

Renshojii '■^ largeEl Biiddliiat iBtapla in Okajwaa, is weat of 
tlie oastle aud atioiit j) ol a mite from the railway station. II 
tielaiii^ (□ Ilia Jfidiiren Best, aiiil was foiiiule>l in 1-101 liy tlataixl* 
Motokata, the lonl of Kaiiaeawa in Bizen. Itiiilt at tlTBt in Bnokiuo* 
ImU, and atMnraidi in Horiahita, it wai Snally ramovad to tlw 
p«nnt (it«. 'riM Homlii, faoing aoutli, ia about IIW ft, 
■quale, and there ue S minci iMlla, A nianduni, meMoriue 3J (t, liiy 
IS) ft. and inacffibed with the nvan CliinsBeoluiaotenveiierated tqr 
the Niolihan aeot, ii tieasured in tlie temple. The inBoription wa* 
written by Byoesin Miohuo Boaatau, the founder of Myakenji in 
£}OtD. Crowdaoome to tlia temple when tliia maivjani ii annually 
eihibitad during 13 day% oommeuciiig with tlia 3itli day of the 34 
mouth of the old utlendai. 

Kairakayen i* on ■ I'i" called Himo-yaina, a little dwUnea «aat 
of (be city. Tliere aie many flne viewa Four Bliin'o tamplae are 
naimd SiMkonilia, Tamaiioi-no-miya, Tiidiogii, and Buikim Jinalta. 
The fiiat ia ^dioa^sd to tlis aokliara who fall in tlia War of the 
Iteltcralion, the Formoaan Bqiedition, atnl the Sitaiima Rebellion. 
The auntttl feitiTal, lield on tlia 3Utli of April, ia attended by gteat 
orowda. About 3 <Aa iiixth of tliia ia tlie Bnddliiat temple of Surinji 
with SUO imagM of Jfittuu, at UiiuiplaB of Bliaka. 

Konetada Jiniha, ■ SUinlo temple at Kami-Nakauo villago, 1 
of a mile fioin tiM railway atation, ia dedioated to Hime'^la, tin 
fonnlet of tlu KuiiNtiunL net tit fihiutii. Ha was hoiii in tlut villoes, 
Nut. 3ath, ITitU. Hi* auooata-s lukl boon Sliinlo itrioata iu Inannm 
Temple, and In lUmaolf Imld (lie aniiio iHuitiniL Ifo wna an houont 
and fiini heliever of Sliinlo, and eapejially revoi'ed lltu Sim. He Ibiall)' 
founded tlie Becd beuing hi a name; and aftra liia deslh lis waa wur- 
aliiped with divine honun at Kaguiouka in Kyoto. In Ootnber, ISIO, 
hi» doetrinw wera publicly approved and Uia aaut raoognized. The 
n 18BB. 



Okatima PmirKomiB. n 

XibitiB JlBthft i* at KiU-na-N«b:raiD> in tlw jnniwa td 
Ktohto, Bbont 3 milw ftom iIm^ Niwia BUUnn on tfa* Vntfi 
Batlw^. li Ma toanbd •bool 16WI JMC* H". "Md 
Adu»(ail to llM tliiid aoa o( (In Kinpno K-'n^. Farraa 
bnildJPff laniif Iwioa bMn dHtnrrei] by flra, tla pra«nt ovm «■• 
MMtad I7 Ai4iik>9 YoidiiiiiiUti in Dm lim ot lla Kispwiv Ocdio- 
maUn (Ijou— 1113). At tla mT. i>( Hm bniUinc callal Uudan, ia 
a omidoi l,l)a ft, long, at wlinaa ntramilj ii » mmomairt inajribaJ 
wHb a Umoo* Jai*n— poom. Ainudiue a aaall i^naa tcr on 
tUinl cf a mils, tbav U ivijlnJ a lull flM Cbanntyamt, wlwB to 
(ha Hpuklia ol Iba prinea lo wliocn Um lantpla ■■ d>li«>«d. In a 
boildini oOlvl Okkma-nofotaa tirm a woman wIm falla lofttmaa 
from tUa ■naiih nuib b]r tl« Maun ruing from a laa*! kMla. In 
Uw tampla an |iiu— i,aJ nMoy old wHIins* and oUmt artietais anonf 
UMfn bang manj broaght Iium Conn by Katu Kijramaa and XoaMil 
Ynkinapi. 

Xindti Jiniha, *><» i*"*! t}tani Jindw, b ahoal l.t uDai 
frian Kamnpla Blaliun, anl al (lia font of lf<«ngiuikijaina In tha 
IVDiinca at llildiia It la tlw priDoi|ial lainpla o( tlM Stitnlo tMt 
oalM Kinlai Kjukwal, tlul vai (ounM hr Kinku Dai>n. Born in 
IttLl, Iw l»oame a |>iai<( in 1 101, and *l(«r wurking manj jwn lo 
axlanil liin dnolrinaii, In dM in U U al l)« nffi of 7a TIn ntw tMt 
van pnUlcly n^niaiil twn jrtn allcr Iiiii doalli. 

Hcndkiji »■ l«inU In 733 Iv a IliiklliM prisrt namad ItjSU. 
(k<aii« a Mni^B liglit tint 9tmj alglit apinNm] itMr tlN lampta, In 
toonl Uiat it [■uijaeJail from a (ngnuit Ina, Irani wliioli In eariad 
an im^^ nt Uw EI*T«i-(aaail Xwannnn aal inNalM It b Uiii tarn- 
pta. Lfgrnd mja titat a damnn liilng osai Im* dirf paat bann 
during the ralgn ol tha Kinpenr Xninma irlin aani &ikaDaiN.na- 
TUnimmaro to dMroy It Bf Ilia lirlp nl tlN goi of lb* lanpla, 
tba ■vTinr nwoMiM in tba tank. II« btoiid Ih* bonM ia fov 
difl*i«nt placM natf tiN tampla; but llie aiwH of tlN dMnon Inna- 
Itvmnl ilMll Intfl Mianty-flra wliita I»im tlial toiama nwaai^N* «t 
Um gnL Until tiN beginning nf (In UaijI patind, wlitn mhIi 
arfmiiliii* ma forlaHdan tq> tl>a doiwrnnNnt, Ilia tainpla lurf aoOT- 
blnad llialilliiM anl Miintu •tamanUi but u iiu •■»« ilian bam 
BiBblliint nnlj. It Uaboot II) milaa ■oiitli-wM M (IbljranN. 



HIROSHIMA PREFECTURE. 



TliiK ivefaotmv nwy he refteliecl eitliar \iy railway or by Uit 
tltfit nui from ()MAfai and Kobe to the otty of HiitMhliiMk Sobm of 
Om (liManociK are a^ followt: — 

By mil ^r ML 

KyTilo fu HmwItiniA, 837.71 mUea 

OnkA •< » ITS^miWi 

Ommichi to HiroahiiM, 6L70 '* b%0$ ** 

HiroahimA to Knre, M6 ** 

KnrvtoSato^ S •• 

ftolo to Takaliara, n «* 

Tlia profontnm Ineliiiloa tlio two pmvlnocw of Aki ant BJnfa Tbt 
Uwrnor Itfia iiumtitaint no tliiae aklis^ wlilla tlia Inlaml Bm botokli H 
tipon t1i0 amiUu Tlie nnmerniia inlaia aloog the eoaat affaid good 
lMrlior«, aikl tliere are aeveral iabnJa. Tliere are mtmiA raomitaiii 
raiipra mlM«re many ri\m take tl«ir riae. Tlienta Iliwtlovt from tlie 
ti(irlh-we«t, ami emfitiea info the aea nood aft« paaiiJng tliroagli tlia 
eity of llirv«liima. Tliearea of the nce-f4eklR in tliia provinoa ia aboul 
1710 aqiiare milaa ; but, aa tlie aoU ia not rich, tlie amoant of paiaa 
produced ia not large. Tlie pofmladon ia o^er 777,000. Tlie diief 
prodiieta are Miyajima warea, freah and canned oyatflfa, edible aea- 
veed^, KMmamkf^ bamboo w«vk, paper, fanqr mala, (lai, eoHoo, 
indigo, tolaoeo, eiittle-flah, and tlie ilali nailed oya and imi 

Hiroshima ^ tlie brgeeteily and tlie eapital of the prafaelare. 
It iff Mtnatftl on tlie lay of tlie aame name at tlie aovitbem pert of 
tlie pro> inne of Akl Tlie Ota RiTcr flowing through the heart of 
tlie diy, helpe to make il a eommerdal eentre. Tliere are 83,960 
honaea, anti a population of Ol,(JUO. It ia the iaal of the Fifth 
National (^arriaon, which haa ita headqnartera in the old eaalle that 
frrmrrly If 1oni:rd to Aaano, a feudal lo^ with an ineona of 486,000 
holm (»f rid*. T«twaid tlie aontli>weat ia tlie pcvt of Kore where the 
Secoiiil Naval atation ia locateiL Tlie harbor ia deep and aalaiiei«<L 
On Kfkjima ia a arhool for tlie trainit^ of naval eedetai 18) nflea 
to the aouth ia tlie famotia ialand Itanknaliima, while another lelaad 
adjoining tlie prmince of lyo haa a gonl port called Mttaial. 

Tlie city of lliroaliima ia ooonaeM I7 the BuiyG Railway with 
plarrt tn tlie eaat ; while ataamer* are conalantly plying to tlie petia 
of RliUiakti, Kyiah**, anl other parte of Japan. Owing to the 
advantacM of ita looalion, tha oonmerre of Htroehina le fifidly 
inrreaaitH^ Rtnre tlie cowme n ee m e ut of tlie war with Ghiaai Hie 
llaiMty the Kmpercr, aa CnmmaiAr4p-chiaf of tha JLr«QiaftLHa:<\ 



IIM* PliKIfUCTBlll!. 



)ianji|e uf ftll e\»rteii \ui\e ttamled iiilii llie >:it>, lilting Iti tiieela aiul 
willing Id the unouut til InuiueHB Lo aiiuli itn oxlent tlikl Hicculiiiiut 
i« wl>l to liuve Leanme tlie Tolq'S nl Uia went. 

Sentei, wliicU in o»b oI tlie fineet ^anlciiH in ilniinii, vu laid out 
tlireu tiiiiulnxl yBars Bjtn, oul IjelongH to Llie Miirqnig Amiiu. 11 in 
o\ieu la wetUlioliaioil puraoim. 

Fudoin '* 1 temple kiilt of wuod lAkuu frotn CoTMi when Uiat 
Coiiiiliy was ca|itiiral ^ef Hiilcyoalii'B generala. 

The Mercantile Museum ia tootled near t}ie wiiway BUtion. 
Ill it nre eiliiliitoJ tlie iintiiml pruUiuiU eiid tliu luaiiatiuiliBed vliuleB 
of Hie prBlBotiire. 

TheFineArt«flallery<">ll8otBainjBiiiiiiiiBT»riiniBBrii)bjBotB. 

Itsnkughima, "' MiyajiinB, lies on lliuuoftstof Aki aLoiit 13J 
milea .liKljiiit liinii Ihu >!it^ of mroBhinia. AiUI<>i>i;^tliu i:<>a»t tlibru 
is Sua Msnety, equwially, tboiit NftiwuTB uid Naiuwbiiiu. 'llialiillii 
upon the IbIuuI us ooietod with thick (onst* ol ]iiiia and csdai'. 

Hie Shinto ihrine oalled Itiiikoihinia Jinelift, in the uortli-eBsleni 
' pvt of tlie igUnd, was tmilt in 503. In tlie 13tL oentiur it woe 
enlerged »i^ Uioiauglily repaired liy TaiianoKiyomorJ. The Iftrgii 
lora etanda in Uie sea ; uid tlie main buJIdirkga ue oonstnialad on 
pile* an that al hieli tide the water comes lertealh tlis ftoora. At night 
tlie refleotion QpiQ the na of llw many li^itM ia tlie l«inpleiin>- 
dncea a raoet eiuiliintiue «0»at. 

The main temple indudsa the following buildingi : — Honden, 
Beidan,Hak1eii,H*raidep,Ta]iivbutai,Hira-1iiitai,Bnd(tal[iiLS. Attached 
to it la tlie H)^u-1iaclil KwaiiS (One hundred aiul Diglit Cnriilura), 
irtll^ attend! from aaoli aids of the temple. Iron laulem^ that ate 
lightsd at ni^it, aie placed at iutervaleol G feet,' wliilaineide ara liang 
manjr piattnes painted liy artists of diCteieut peiiode, some Leing 
aeTeu ta aiglit oenturiea old. It was oiistomaty for tlie Lest artists 
to give piotima to I» planed liere. Tliare ara mora thou a tlious- 
and Ihna displayed. 

Daikyodo, which is aleo called Senjojiki (Tliousaud mat Room], 
wM built bjr order of Tojotomi RideyodiL It in said tliat a niigle 
oaroplior tree Inmislied tlie wood luol in its conetiuoliuii. It is one 
of tlie most eeletoaled examples ol Japanese aroliileotiue. 

Ooeo-no-to, or Five^etoriol Tower, was built in IJOli and ia also 
oonaidered a good speoiuien of amhitsatuje. 

Dainioludo wai erected in BOG Iv Eot» DaialiL 
Tbe bell-towsr, called Sho-ro was built to receive a bell given 



I 




HlBOMKIMA FKBFBCTOBB. fl 

in UT7 I? Tain-no-UmiMiHvL 

Tlw Hi>Iinaanlklw nam- nM Ikmwm. 

FMt ftnd wnA i>{ tlie tampln 1* a ln«n «f tliodt TUO 
liomM, raenlulr bU out vHli pMl tinttm. Tli* elinMt* !■ nUd In 
winin and coal in nunmor. Am»g«m*n(< (w ■* Whlng ba** 
klal; hMn ivoiklMl -a Um aMUrn Me. Tim h aUw, p<n mIw; 
kial monqullota liaTC n««r lam known. AInnf Um Bii|ai eoana (4 
Uk MiUxwl>l niYvUiODknoU pin* Um. iDUtMpKMd vUh MAplM. 
()l)i*T plMM wtrxh itailine u« KMiwi-yuna, UklinwMk, MOmmiw 
tiwnt, ud 8)>tnKm)i>4«k<. TTw bifbMt pnli al Um Uud It olM 
<>)r>nML. It Kltaln* • liei^l of 1600 (t, ud li tbatt • 
tnila fiom t1i« tovn. II eotnniBnlii ■ wiam vt Um protinoM of Bb«S 
•nd Ijrn. <>n Um hill an nrnnj' (lirinsi umI ntbw Bot«w«Ui]r fihcw. 
In oiw iliriM ii • iMred (Ira IImI hu not b*M |i«rmiH«i is |o ool 
■Inoa U *ai lighltd, man Uwn a Uionand }«» afo, I7 XSU 
1MU>L 

It In an Md ODitnni ftr ]«rtka lo anmia tlira* heaU bi onltr Dial, 
witli tb« aoDompanlinnit o( idnfinf and inttiamanlal m«<t, tha; nay 
make tli» eironil of Um inland, •DJrrritw tu l«anUtal ManV; and 
■bij^inft fiir a ijiorl limn al aaoli of wian tioUd touhaa. T1« whala 
duUnw i> ahnnl 16 nanlioal niilaa. 

Aftrr liniiirw Um inland, no otm *i1) wonter lliat it baa ban 
aiamalcd >il)i Matnvliinia ami AtrM-ao-Hachiilatt aa mM of lh« 
SoKlri, nr •'Tlim Mn>d Haanlitnl ffceoM M Juftn." 

Alllx liniB of Uw F«vth NatiniMl EiliiHUnti llMt* will )■ n^nad 
al Itanliinliiina a mnanun of old mnaial inatr iii nt n la and (< A«MM 
iBvil in ibneinB. 

Tha FroTine* of Bingo, Uka that [4 Aki, hai Dm ItUand Bm 
Dpnn Ih* Hiiilli, ami monntaina on Um oUmt 4dH. Than an 
monnUin rmtioN siaalnd Um pviinea tmtiUi-wiaa; bol Ibaa ara 
Irmd pUiru ■bmii Um HaD> ami Aihkk ri-«>. Alo^ Um Ma«aMl 
an manj iilanli, and Ibm an food liarbtm. Um pwring* baa •■ 
am of 1,101 Mtnan milM; IM.Kw acna b*in« ondM ■aWrclia*. 
Tha BionnI ■■ ponr and not wall IHtod tot tha cnHlnUna ol 
(RvaliL TIm pnpnlaiion it 631,000. TfM moM ^ otfmvna town* 
an Kiikinama and Onimidii. 1^ f icnin, artnalad naai Um ooMt in 
Um 4onUi4«i«nD pari M Um jsoTJ&ca, lia« a pn^nlaUon o( abaat 
IG.IXiu. TIm Arhida Rnrr ftowinc on Um WMt haa balpad to Bah* 
Ihia a nvntiMTdal fwplfv ((W fwwiiinc aod nAt|^nff Um fndnBti 
«t III* •nrrniiiklinf rafinu. Daring fanlal linaa Um miUi «■■ 
oaBapinl ligr a lAiwajM aunal Ala. 



«2 



HULOBIIIMA pniCFKOTURK. 
Bufors it in an inland dkIIdiI Miikojima, Ilia een Lelwoon 
being iliiep and fionuiliiue a good uicliuiatie t<a all kiuda oF veEMila 
UiBt niRlce iiee of tliu woll-linonu liubflr. 

The port! of Touiotsu and Miliarn, and Uio villages of Fiichii and 
Stnji are otlier iinponanl jilOceB in llie lu^tvinue. 

Tlie 60 miles al tlie Inlutid Sea lietweeu Hiroahiina and Onomidii 
are dnUoI with islawtH ut varions Butes and Blmpeu; [onaing, willi 
Ihe moimlain on the nuin land, ninn; beaulilnl views whioli tie 
Bpeoially atlrootive jaA after a nun in the ajniug. DnriDg the 
Fourth National &xliiUUon in Kyoto, a line of "loniiBtB' boata" 
will be provided to gi%e travelers an opportnnity lo see tliiH Eceunry 
' IT favorable oouditiona. 



KAGAWA PREFECTURE. 

TadoUa (Ioim. lUiuaiiihi and YodiklHnmO (• Um m<"* i»- 
prviant MSft.port in Um Itkuid of Sbikakn. It oonUint aboul l^Ml 
lidttfieH, wiUi a popiiWiiioa of o,)Mia Ai all Uie lUtyiMn p^rtaf 
between (liogt^in and KittfiA on tba neit, and 0«kaaiid Kdba on tha 
€aRi, make 'IWliHaa a tlnpiiiDg^laae, it bringn maiqr ffi>algi Into 
tlie city. E^iociaUy it tUis iroe of Uie pilcrimi wlio land htn on 
tlietr way to Um templo of KnmpfaiL TIm town is ISO mlltti dlilaal 
frum Omkk, 06 froiu Kobe, and llu miles from Hirorfiiniak It la 
an important eommercial ditj, diaUng astanstvaty in snger, riei^ and 
fsKUiaers. 

In tlie Boiitli<easl0m pari of ttia town 19 Ifomoyama Tttk itailtd 
on a low liiil. The view from ttia hill is piotweeqoi ea ooa loehi 
clnwn nn ilia dty dtreoify below, to tlie castle of MamgUBa and Ml. 
liiMMm tlie ettit, and mvtlito the beaoUfal Inland BeadoMad witli 
islands, or to the distant moontaina of tlie prorinoe of BitehfaL Aa 
there are maiqr peaoh tiaee in the Ftf k, they attraot ouuiqr yMian 
daring tlie ipnng. 

Kotohirm Temple. (Sluntd). 

Tliis is a hiwtpm temple of the inlvmediale gradt and ie move 
comm<m)y known as Kompira4Ami^ It is in the town of Kotohira| 
•eten milflssoutli of TidolBa, with whiohitisoooneetadbgrraiL The 
town contains l8uu hoosss, among tlism mai^ bttge hoCale whve 
liuiMbeiU sud thoosands of pilgrims are entertained etety year. Among 
tliQM hotels tlie Toraya, BiUima^a, and Yoeliimi^ are well spoken of 
and aiiy of them can aeeomodMa ft^e or sii hondiad |«reone at onea 

TIm temple ie on the sh»e of IfL Zoan in the waslam pari of the 
towii. It is dedicated to Omononoelii-no-Mikoto^ the pandeon of 
Baianoo.no.Mikata Hikolioooninigi-tKvMikoto and the R mp et u i 
BoUikn are also wotsliiped liere, the latter I^Yii^ bean deilted In 116^ 
It it one of the most famous and okleet templee in iepaik Tba 
date of its founding is unknown, but in a raooH wrillaa two and ooa 
half centuries ego it is staled that the temple wae then move than 
thiee tlioosand years old. It ie bette%ed to haip« bean foondad bifove 
the Rmperor Jimran. 

or iu early UiildJngp theia ie no aeennle reeoitl; bat wheo rebniH 
in I60H it was higltly eolfved and elabnratiily dsc*onU«d with gold and 
ether. Wlien, however, tlie prreent buildings wwe «eelad In lil7tl, 
the onldTing was entirely abolished. From the foot of the moonlain 
to tlie htm^ka or main temple is about one lialf mile, the eeoant being 
ly the windii^ path of etooe eteps. On the lehimwddS or 




Kaoawa Phefbctvi 
Pint Slope, EUoda ■ gtle called Niomoii a 
tliii pl>w to tlie tein|)1a tlie timA U linaJ w 
nujie II olttditlva iluiing ILo neasou (i( bliaaomiug. Tlia buildiug 
oooiipiedLf tlie lemiile oiSce is called Senjajlki (ILoiulal-mal-roont), 
Riid ■ liiiikliiiy at lliB lack "I it b called Okiialiiuii. 'Hie iiiutiirea on 
tlio tliding BiireeaB are valuable, liavind beeo painted by equU einiueal 
ailiela a« Qkyn, Kauo Yaitoku, UauUi, ial Jakuubu. Tlie Bonleu "t 
Ilia tlmiileKlxi'ii U uutefnlly Inlil out, tlie p»iul aiul artiilolal lail 
loiiig oaiKuially flno. Tliora ia ■ (joui vluw frniii OliiuilioJn uuni- 
manding llie Inland na, Uie ulaiid of Sliosii, ami Mt, lino on llis 
nonli-nut; tftd Ht. 2uzii to tlie iiortlt. 

During tlia 4th Natiniial Exliibiliuii iu K^to IruaDroB ol lliia 
temple will be on eiliibilion at IoIIovb; — 

OinOtUhoin, ^turu-no-nia (Ccsiie Ilaoni) piotmea of ciancs niul 
rniliat od aliiiiiie emeena painted by Okyo ; pioliin.' ut an ox liy fCauo 
Molonoliu; wiiling ou a Inn |jy Hic SlioBiin lyemitaii; Japanese 
pottina wHttan Iq' Fujimua-no-YoaUitsiuw and l*riii3e Kimiuaga; 
pidtnn of rnelom and aeg-planta by Bukkei and othern. lUaoonu, or 
TIbv Hooui, picture! ol tisera dmwu liy iikyn; Japanen piwma 
wrilUn by Bmperors Bntoku, Qodsiso, Ogiinnalii, (luiniiuiuM^ 
OngSmi, uid otbera. HicMkn-M^ma, or 8e\'en-WiBe-Men'B Room, tlie 
piotinM of tlia laveD win oieu of Cliiua by Okya; Iwo Jap«uen 
(luwQi tgr Benjlaku and SaifQni ; piuture ol Udndmn, lellsra written 
kqr (hMri Dftinagon Yailiitada ; and Prinoe Yoahihito beaid« many 
uUMn. (Udan, or Lower Boom, piotmea ol moonlaiu aud river 
•Mntiy, young pine tiMs and bamboo drawn by Okyo; Japauue 
jHWiM written t^ Empercn Oonara and Ooniin acA otliera. JurjuH, 
W ttl^MT Itoom, walertall, mountain aueuery, river, aud piiie-ti«e liy 
(Vluro t laoquved taairSmko, or box ooolaiuing matoiialB for writing, 
Wwvll Iwlnngwl to Emperor Kokaku; a lacquared iniwuie boi; 

C« Dt Ihlr^r^ii poeta "uj Kaiio IfoiiDobu, and Eatio 
mIMi l\}i-WHiia Bt Mt. Fuji Rooni, a piatiu« ol Amida by 
IHtl^ttiiKt aploiure ol aoifitt-ttiuibutu oi' llioiiKaude UoQioku by Kubo- 
l>iu4t^ uMiMi ut Fihlo 1^ SoK no Kaiuinka and Cliialio Daialii, a 
uivtiu* ul Jiiiriikii'llakaii or Kixhun Iloluui by Houilio; awiiiln iimile 
V VuXUultww (iMwnleil by llniukawB Yuriyiiki) Aiiutkuui, Muue- 
uUiIm, NwaiuiUu, Mawmune, a dagger nude 1^ Kuniteuna, and 

(^UlkolUi I'luHijTi-iuMiui, or Willow Room, wUlow-bee and 
wUiIh luuku Juvnu I7 (laotai ; picture ol Empeioi Sutoka by Prinoe 
Viikiliitti; a Itiiwar vaM ami oeunr presented I9 E^perurOoyuMij 
uUl VAuAu Hv-iw^ iirBweeUlag Room, piotuiea o[ sweet dags, wag- 



KAOAWA PRRFKCTtfllK. M 

tails, ymmg pinn Itmni, cirawn by Oanf <«i ; Hvmmn hf Jaknohi ; a 
lotier nf Rtii|«!rflr Bittukn ; p>ltl ai»1 niher Kwmil-litH gnanh wliloU 
lietani^l to Rtnpernr Biit<^ii ; a boi^ coii*amitig tlie tAmy of Namto 
QiBjTi, ptewn^ftl liy Rmpm-tv C}«i(nkaktiMk 

8hintboillt Aaau-ao^na nr Upper Room, a tablat wrilt«ii by Em- 
penw OokomalKn; piotnrM of Baniat'fin; poony llovani by Kaoo 
Tvayn ; RwannnncbvwBd in wlii*«, ky IVioit SsMiid ; iapantae poin ; 
witting-dmk ; oM roinrar; an oM tpetix; a foail FoiK; inbt for 
lioUing BacUliHi 8jr ip * . uri; a Bimklhi«4 eanoo of Hoktkyu 
written in imaU letters, ete. Saki-m-imi, or Mkldle Room, a pietmv d 
wlihe falcon by Cbinete Emperor KiftS ; white peony and pMoooli by 
• Chinen ertiil, Sbomben; dia^on by prieet BnltM; a piotom el 
Ifonja; and a piotme of a famout Ctiinsee poet, Cliisbo, riding a borH^ 
by Kano Moionoba; A^uikyo, a Bmldliint eanonioel book wlddi 
belcnged to Kmpvor iomn; an imege of Kada by Kob5 Daiehi; 
Nel«m Sliinkio a UmfclliiiA eanonieel bock wliieli beloi^ lo 
Rmprrnr Biitokn ; ete. •Vrntn^Ho^Mft, *w Lower Room, pietnrti ol Lake 
Heikn l«y IVieet SeesliB ; rtttli eul plover by Kano Teitokn; Kolohha 
temple during tlie (lemokn i«rind (lAdO — liUS) by Hemuobu; el 
Mt FnjfL \iy Kann Yeitfikit; andanliifCoricalpietartlyTaealfiteamoia 

The Honthftf <"' ^f*^ Temple is aboiit 4 dii bctn tlie Omola. 
Rlinin, tttll fettlier op the liilL It is ermntmot^l ol kimJki end dn« 
not eiwentially diffor from rvdinary Hliiitto templeik Uaeidee the 
Homlia, lliere ere many wmamln nr Bnborvlinate Ahrioe^ of wliiek the 
Mtittudeno Tiehiro and Mfltoiuliimeno'Yeeltiro ere tlie prinoapal 
ooeR ; and tlive ere otlier boiblingi meli ae KagnradHi, Tenadu, and 
■tor^houfeik 

TIm tcwmlled tweUe l«aatieii of Kniolitra are tbe dierry blnaii— a 
of flaknranoba; tbe ^rden poml of llie temple oAoe; the ri««r bath 
of lUnakarai^wa ; the bamboo grme; tlie Haya bridge; the valley 
behinl the temple ofllce, the winding itream of Blanno; the enow 
view nf Mt SSoso ; tlie Haahiai pond; tbe laifi bell of Uorin; the 
moon Moenery on tbe pltun orehard ; and the long itieei of thm 
htimbed Itonnea. 

Tlie annnal feitival of tlia trmple i* lield on the Olh, lulh, and 
11th nf Ociolcr. On the etvning of llie luth tlie «cred proreaaiaa 
IMe« to tlie fentival place and returm tn iIm temple oo the following 
evening. Tlie feelival oetemflcue* eoeh a« maaio, danrii^ 
and flfVerii^ are heU daring die night at the feeHval plaea. The 
prnof»«ton is meili np of tlKwaumb of people taeloling flhialB 
prinaU, danrerv, miwirian*, and oUirr^ Rotne ? trie h<»«MAdi ; eome 
rany long iwohIp; aome, fki^i ; mmntp, treaeitiea of the tem|^; wbdJik 



Eaoawa FRKyHL-ruiiik 

MlisB iKnr tlie aaored slirijM, ^tlll u^i-ed linrns, or \t\iij Bomod 
iiihIo wiiliiiut uoasiuf}, Aiiutlioi amiiuil funtivnl ix 1iul<I at llui tonijihi 
u tlu) nlliniul lutli o[ Safilsniliar; altlioiigU a raaoubiry isIdIitaUuii, 
it Atlrusts Hti lai|,-o niimh<i(BU tlie jnala [o^ljtal. 

ZentlSji U a UniUiiint laiiipls &l>iii'. )iiill o inilu frnjn tlia ittil- 
«*y ilatioii ol UiD uiiie imnui. U in fniiiom (u mailiing tlio Idnli- 
place of KuIjo DbibIiL A Urge canipliiir treu in Ills ginumla ia vaid 
so uU tliat it wBH ill (jxutbnice iu tlis liino ut Uia uelelv&leil 
1. An liLt lirtliday oaourred mi Uia lltli a[ Ilia atli moii'li in Ote 
old cnlondiu', ati ftiuiiial fsatii-al, aiteuilBd liy tluougs of pao]ilQ is liekl 
on Umt .late. 

Ariake-no-hama, " Sliora ol t\m Moon-lit-Dnwn, ie so ollwl 
from llie a|)|iearaiiis ol ita at]ianBa o[ wUi'-o taoit. It i» at Uie imrdi 
enl of Uta lu«ii of KivannoDJi, ubout lu inilus west ol Tailutsii. It 
'» fomeil fov its beautiful smiioTy. HeyiHul 'Jio boh are won tlus die- 
uit iimuii^iUiiii o( Aki Ki,d lyo. In ll.a rua.- is KoioliAi, a bill 
ooraiad witli pina InGa. 

Harnffame (">»■; Naksmma-ya, Tama^warni) i« a ua-aida 
town on the Sonnki Hailm;, about 3} milaa out of Tadotao. Thsra 
■M 8,070 hoosei aid lri,4dU inliabitanta. It waa formsily the reai. 
dtnoe of a f«iidal lord Mlled Kyogidtn, wlioee caEtlo, alill ilaniling at 
the eoulh and of tlia town, thon^ small, ia veiy pretQ', and is now 
need aa a BaiT>>e<L PoQ* ood bamboo waiea aje tlie pi'iiujipal pioiIiidB 
of llie lowiL 

Ta)cainatl<l(Ii>i>"> Anlo, Fiijiya, Uirow, 'fniMka),nnaa-Biil8 town 
14 milea east nl Tadotsn uid 77 mites [roiii Kobe, ia tlie oiidtsl of 
Kagaws I'rereutiii'e. It liaa 1,CIIU lioiuus willi:i:l,7Ui) ii>1iaUtaiita; 
and extends about 3 j mllea fiotn tast to west and 1 mile from noilli 
to aoulli. The ateamen going from Onka and Kobe toTadolau 
touch hara ; and oanneotiou vrilh tbe last uity wilt codd be Inrmslied 
t^ the BanuM Railway. Wiamataa waa torineily the reaidenoe ol a 
fsndal lord oalted Haohisolut, tlta ruins ot wboee oastle can be seen 
at tlw noith end of tlie oity. A garden telonging to tlie tame Icvd, 
wliiolt was at tlie sontli end o( tlie oity tiaa now lioeii made a piblio 
ftrk under the name Ititamin Koyeu. It waa originally coiiidriioled 
•o aa to Tepteeent tin Sit towns of tlie 'Foknido. Moat of tlieae have 
DOW disappeared, tliou^ tlie mound representing Mt. Fuji still rouiaiua. 
A famona teatival ia lield at Haoliiman leiiiple ou llio I4tli and lOtli 
of September in each yeai. Paper, laciiiier ware callol biiiAido, ami 
cloth oatled bdaari are tlie oliief prodnola of tha city. 

Yaahima, <* It°°' laland, so i»lled rriuti ita aliape, ia in reality 
act an island tnt a piomonloiy. It ia famous for ita aoenery and 



KAOAWA PRrrRCTniir. 



e7 



alio liMiridUly. Hie Bmpflror AntcJin rwkbil Iwre for a ilMfft 
tini« ; Ami nUwe Iqr WM fcm^ii a |p«ai mvAl LAitle l«i«Mn tlit Tiiim 
mmI If iimmiii4> rkin. Clii-noUke, cr VtnuX t4 Blonl, \tm watar of a 
reiUiflli ctAiw wliidi it itopnlArly AenoanU^ for \iy Mjing that the 
onmbAlAiitA Imtb WAilied tlieir iveApotui. ffliinlii.iMvrajjpAii, or lion 
Vxivk, in wlirro ilm llivUilM \w\o^ RiikAi in mU in Iia^ aaIM Utk 
tim Noltiiie mm aa lie «aa UUklttift ilio tein|»lo oaIIoI YAMltimiulvt. 

Shodoshima, <* AgnkijiniA, Abont 17 milennorilvAAit ot TakMmt^ 
Un, 11 an Utend 7S milec in oirotimfflmioe. Tumwhu And Fnolilmki 
Are t)ie largeet tovrne on tlie island. Steamera from TOaimalAW and 
OluixaniA totich dAily At TSnoelio. 7 milee frmn Uiere ia A plAoa 
oAlled KAiikAke liAving fine aoenmy, otpeciAlly wlien Uie mAfile IcAvaa 
tiim red in Antnmn. 



EOTOHifiA TIM^LS 

hM 1,000.000 pilfrint, % jm. 



NOW, M •>■ wri>« • i:u<« tA ^1 yon >tl knm «•• tmmm 
Almltliii KiA->1iir*T<Bn|ibtiit Siii-ihi |il«n'v iit ■t.-tnca 
MhI uiwriMtarBl UIm wa liaU unniij (>>• Jf»u»ru Inun Muatol 
liiiia>, aikl moat oC llMm fa*lki« llii* K •inp'ij.iaifu, w il !• no* 
oDmmonty Imnwit, m on* ot t'la m-n* p imi (nl enln. Ui 1, is V.um 
onlj I itAHtn [i( laiiie ratotnkl v.tli injli * nuny >i*.U? Nu! Kiit 
only HI, bat il Iiw n»«y tMiraaa niFfiilljr Iwld tiom oUm 
Umm, ■mn* of wliiell Uine iMiuliiijI/ >pI«ikl:J w.tli roU uil 
idhar, aikl wraa Ujig Uw n:et<ii«i <l iwd ly Uis laW. etMntoJ 
■rtutii iu Jijnn, moh m <T(%~n nr K<ii<> Miit-iicilin i» Rhm-uo 
KknwJi*! wtiik, on tlw ntli«T Iwnl, it enmniaiBli tli« iMotifol 
niaw* iu IU airry ui)*, vh-i** uunn )».ii- ■•ftvii f<»i»J In Ja[iS- 
ims piiainii anit iltanMH. Huot Hon inn- iliill l« hi uliipit M to 
BiiM tlia ftiiline of andi 4 lii>t-irislly inlrn it.ne anl iwl-v*ll7 
enlmftl nna aa lliii Kutnliira Tainplal CuumI Cutual and <Ion*t 
bul to e»'. Dindi knowlaca iu liiktm^ aiai fua aitf. 

Additlona to tlie dneription of thit templi 
in thli book, (f^r* fi — »> 

Rmtwrot HotiJiii wM 7!illi i-anrnlimi f><i«i Il.liii1i-i.n'i niiiicinn- 
n>i)u>t«. Ilaeoiil inaiikiiiiK Uuit till* l*rMj>ls m> ri^lelail iaJnl; 
Iwil Iv FnJivarB'itn Sitiaalii nuler Ilia ii:ilgt fil Ilia Ein|i«rer, aal 
hf dioxJiaha Miit'iHidu in 10 a. 

Altnot all of not Rmpttma van <k\-i'il«<l l>i lliii If miniiii wnia. 
anil acfMially FMtjmta Hiintninuo Ivl.n.nl it ao ilwis aa on* 
ol tii|«rnUiira) p<>a«r«il ifiKITuI at Lwt i[ toama ona nl tli* 
ifiarial |v«\«r lp>ii|ilea <>f Ilia RmiMirn*. 

llianilins ol ».Muia.li.i.U i>il.i muiy -)«»>• mI In Mdi 
ot Itwm tiM Hmtt; taaaa ata piinlMt bri -litW vit'i gnhl an] ■iltar. 

Ihi tlia Irit aikl ikilit lA «*IU M UmhVm<i>» r,:ltm» a a •!■<> 
I*iM^,r|«T«ilin3 t1iaiTUT.«yM«iiDiftl h^n Jm* nn I'aii aolaa. 

Iloinn III* rtrpi in Um aontii «l ifwf, i< AiAiil.',M itotlHto. 
Inx Pi«ita of vopim *n] il* tioitmn i>l«>.^(>l of, Uiiis pUnca 
JqMNiiaa. Ila «*•§; aid* tr* taantifalty «ari*l Igr a pwulnaBl 
■rtiiL 

A lotiia HbM bancinf «■ Ha nnvr nil. 



NOTICE!!! 

During the 4t)i NiUioiml Kxliiliitiun nt Kyotn 

■ifQa vaiiaa'ijaaa 

of tliis temple will be 

ON EXHIBITION 



KOTOHIM TEMPLE 

in the prefecture of Kagav/a 



(Bm tlie uext iMfie) 



xtt. ^ M ti f? ^ft« 

t ¥ ^ m m 



TOIATQSS. 

No. 44, Sakaya-machi, NAGASAKI. 

AMKllICAN, EUROI'EAN, AND 
JAPANESE 

jimK Mhim, 

Uakr in Ji|«uiiw FUNCY STATIUNERY mi 
NEWSAGENT. 

branches: 

TORAYOaOtin IVuur, MoUMOiiUui-inidii, 

NAGASAKI. 
TORAYUGO in HunntUi-niiiclii, SASEUU. 



1* 



CO 



p 



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5 

SI 

5 



CO 






CZ3, 



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S. SHI MASK. 



Ikmfer in 

Niflhijin nilk, iui<) nil 
Kiiith »t tlint- luiil wtrkx miil 



Bnui«k ofSn 

n » m *i 

* '■I « 

» R \ n -i \^ 

«sxirwaa±«- 

^ ^ m 




50 fO SO 






as ^ 
3h - 



33 K 





VOCABULARY 
SHORT ^iRASKS- 

t)AIlI)INAI. NtlMllBIlS. 




TmlTa. 


Ju-ni. 


Thi>lMD. 


JllJMK. 




Jrxlil 


riflMn. 


Jh*- 


SiHccn. 


Jii.r.<k<i. 


Bat«nlMa. 


Ji>..lii<-liL 


Kiplrtwo. 


Jb-lwdii. 


NiiMrimt. 


Jtihn. 


T-.irty. 


N.jh. 


T«rtv..me. 


Nip-irliL 


Tmntf^na 


Kifn-ni 


Tl.«7. 


H.n>. 


r.«ty. 


W.i>.. 


Killy. 


Itn>.. 


Sirtj. 


■(■Aii>. 




N.>rl,i.jn. 


K«h(». 


IWUr/.. 


Mimrty. 


K..,.. 




Il>*lin -w 




>ii-t.J»l>ii. 




ffn ■■ i>* 



ilrodltioiifwivl- Ju-iiiitii. 

„ auiii.iuBii. 

liralmilliijii. IJkn ■«■ iulii-okii. 

OBDINAL NUMBERS. 

Sbt». Tioi-ioIiL 

rUb PaUlii. 

|; JftOL. Dni-go. 

U Ilfti-rokn, 

" flavsnth. Dni-»liiolii. 

For nnlin*! ntttnbHn preSi J)ui to llie cwiliiml iiiunler ai 
tlie aboTe. 



Twioe. 
'JliTee tinws. 

Foiir " 

I'iTfl " 



KiriTIFLE NVHBSB8. 

Ni-do. 
Sain-do. 



Fonrlold. 
FivetokL 
A halt. 
AMiirO. 
AfourUi. 
A fitllu 
Two-tliihle. 
Tlirea-rourtliB. 
TlirBe L'iglitliB. 
Pivo „ 



Y(«lo. 

Boku-ilo. 
SliicliUlo. 

Hiwlii-Uo. 
Ku^o. 

Mi-lai. 

(lu-Uii. 

Hniii-lmu iH- nilmii'ii 

Saiii-Liui-ii<)-U:liL 

Slii-btiii-nu-iulii. 






-iclii. 



n 



DATS OF THB WBBK. 



Rumlny. 


NiHiiy<»-iiin|il 


Mmiiliiy. 


Clo(iiiiyr».nin1iL 


Tii«*1iiy. 


KwAyi»-nic1iL 


\Vrr1iM*NUy. 


Riii>ii.nir1ii. 


'nitiniliiv. 


Miikuvi»-in<*liL 


Iriilny. 


KiliyiMiirliu 


fkiitnfaiy. 


l>n}'(>-nir)il 




MOVTHS. 


Janmiry. 


Jclii-gwftUti. 


FVItiiiuy. 


Ni-ffwat^ti. 


Marrlt. ' 


Hiin.fnrmtfln. 


A]«il. 


Hlii-Rwstffii. 


Mny. 


(liwgmjilMi. 


Jiinr. 


U'lkit-pvAtKru 


Jiilv. 

• 


Slii'-lii-pxnUMi. 


AlRltHt. 


lUrlit-gwrntiin. 


H»^»»pnn<»r. 


Kn-pwfttini. 


OrtnJ^r. 


Jil-^WfttMI. 


No\i»iiil^r. 


Jiiirlii-prmtfin. 


I>^rrmt«r. 


Jlllli-gWAt^tl. 




8BA80H8. 


Hfviiip 


Ham. 


Hiimnicr. 


N'AUti. 


AiKntiin. 


Aki. 


Winter. 


Fnvii. 




TIME. 


An liirtir. 


Irliijikiin. 


Ilfilf an liiMir. 


lUiijikiiii. 


A (Uy. 


li'liinirliL 


A %w»«»k. 


I**-1iitkiin. 


A itiitnth. 


Ilit<*l*.nki IV ikkai?K«tk 


A %t-»r. 


li-llllK^n. 


T«w.U>. 


K'Mi nHii*w k>«». 


T«»tii»rTo«. 


M>** nt<*1it m aaIiiIa. 


Y#»**friUv. 


S'lKf j»««ii ,w kiiH). 


I»ny li'f'if jr'irfiUy. 


I-*akii ;it»ti •■- iiti«l(tt. 


|Hi% %Urj t'OiiitiTiiw. 


Mv*l''^i>i'*l>i '" aw«l«*. 


'Hit* ntiCniiii;. 


K'Htrlvi m Vj— k> 



Tlii>eveiilii|i. 


Koi>l>u>. 


I*Bl nielli. 


M;..U.i lu' Mkiiyn. 


ttt-tann^m m r.iiiie. 


My,i->1.5.«ifiiy ML 


T<>-ii<iirrnw evening. 


M,.U«,.. 


Vxruiiif. 


Axi, 


Ham. 


Uil'.. .«■ «l,5,;a 


Atln-iinou. 


(tOB.< W lli) il-gH 


pByViina. 


HlTiiiun. 


Bv.umB. 


lino. 


Ni8ht 


Ytff... 


MUniebC 


YoiuLU. 


i 


DIRECTION. 


%^ 


IfifpiRlli. 


WeB. 


Mif-I.L 


Boiidi. 


MiiuiniL 


Nortli. 


Kila. 


Norlli^eaEt. 


Kita.lii(!<udiL 


Nortb-nest 


Kilo-uialii. 


Soiith^eost. 


Miuaiui-liienalii. 


Soulh-weBt. 


Minium-niBli. 


MAN, HIS AOBS, AND RELATIONS 


M»1L 


Otoko or .lansliL 


Woman. 


Oniia nr josliL 


A young innn, 


WftUi olidio. 


" " wnuiaii. 


" onno. 


AlBl?. . 


AVflniU., yay«. 


An infant. 


Kojomo, Bliuni. 


A gill. 


Muauiiie, ouiinnoka 


AW- 


MiiBiikonoko, doji. 


A little girl. 


Cliisai niiiBiune, Bliiija. 


A little hoy. 


(Iiiwii Ixniclii, siimlri. 


A maid. 


MlLHIIIIK], iwimii. 


A Utolwlor. 




A yoong lady. 


Wakai kijo. 


A gentleman. 


Bliin«lii. 


Ago. 


To«l.i, neuraL 


Old ags. 


Itunon. toiliiyorL 


Birth. 


Toujo, Bhuiwlili. 



uu. 


ttrlfKi, In'iHiL 


irnuii. 


flhi. diikio, Mikio. 


TltB (iu"i!¥. 


KwOiii. 




n.inrnL 


*■ ISTPUta. 


Fnl«-nr>, rixdiin. 






" .IcnrnbulK. 


aiinm. 


■■ rwlMT. 


Cliicli 


" notliw. 


lUlUL 




Jljit 




Ril>. 


" (OTiti fEnntUDiar. 


Hijil 




HilAl*. 


" f«llH^.il^ll^w. 


Mllrtn. 


" iiwHlin " " 




" Hiikbrn. 


KnlnnKn. 


- finiL 


Krtwv 


■ ll«--.m. 


Mwikn, idiuiaha, bnttlMB. 


" .U<vl>urr. 


H».D». .<*«» i6«n. 


" mnlnni. 




•• «r.»l ,U.«I.I«. 




" I^ntlwi. 


KyAUi. 




BhilMl. 


■■ lM^\^.iw\f. 


GU^GJkL 


- .urtrr.m.Uw. 


Kopto, GirfiinwL 


■' •™in-b«. 


Hoko. 


- .Un)ri«>t-<i^l.>. 


Toe* 


- tiiirl*. 


Ojl 


" Rtllll 


oi«. 




Iloko, 


" frmalfrmMn. 


OnM-Hoko. 


" n^l*w. 


(H. 



OF THE TOW>' 






KiiMiiiii. ■ 


■rhotowor. 


'Pi. ■ 


Adiuroli. 


KivnuU ^ 


Aptlue. 


(l.ilQU, lioallri (ftllJifiJ Ol 




Iiiiliruial I'aliwo) 


The lowii-lmll. 


KluynkiK'lio, KliiXwai Ri^-Iii. 


Tlia cartlo. 


Hliiro. 


■■ Hiewie. 


R)>ibi>i1(i, HQhijo. 


" eiLslcini-liouw. 


ZuUiwaii. 


Alairaok. 


Uoi-el 


'nw poat-iiffloe. 


YTiUn-Jdokn. 


" leUETapli-affius, 


nonijau-kiokn. 


■■ liLriry. 


Shoeeki-kwan. 


" onivorsity. 


Uiue>Uin. 


" oiclisnija. 


TniihiLijo. 


Tlie Ittiik. 


CliiAS. 


A uiiiirt i>f JiiHliM. 


SiiiUiudio. 


niB )i<«pil>l' 


Jlio-iu. 


" orplion w^lnm. 


Kojiiu. 


" houne of ooneotiou. 


CliODlii-in. 


Aiquue. 


Biroclio. 




lobiU. 


Actreet. 


Mwbi. Clio. 


Aliidge. 


Hoslii, kio. 


Anaquaduot 


Siiido. 


Adiop. 


Uiw. 




Honya. 




Kiisiiriyi, y«kiaen. 


Aniiui;ahotel. 


Yadoyft, riotan. 




C0L0B6. 


Bad. 


Ak.. 


Bli». 


Awo. 


Yrtlow. 


Ki. 


BUok. 


Kiiro. 


WWte. 


Bliiio. 


Green. 


MUorL 


Brown. 


ToW-iro. 


Violet. 


Biunire.ito. 


Orange-yellow. 


l>aidai-iro. 


laiigo. 


Ai-iro. 


O/iVa 


Knnran-iio. 



n 



Pnrplo. 


MiaiMikl 


(hty. 


IfAi-tro. 


Kle^h-eolor. 


Nikii-iro. 


Hrtirlel. 


Knren/ii. 


CrimMni. 


Bliiitko-«Ii«i)iu. 


SECULAR DI0HITIB8. 


An Kmperor. 


Tennd or Kdieu 


An RmpreM. 


Kogo. 


TIm King. 


or koknd. 


** Qiimn. 


Nio-o. 


" lYinne-Rogral. 


Hliin no. 


" lYiuoMHuRoyal. 


Nai-^iinno. 


•• IYinc«;UtePri]ioMR. 


KoAliAku ; koeh«kn4iiilii. 


** Dnke; Uie DnoliaM. 


Knthaku; koehAko-faJla. 


•* Count; UieCdimtaML 


Haknaliakn; liAknihAka>fiijbi. 


*■ Viiironnt ; Uie ViiieoiiiitMt. 


RliifdiAkn; ■liinliAkii.fDJbi. 


** Btfon ; iUs BaroiMM. 


Dftn^liako; (Unaliako-fi^ia. 


A j*ftr. 


KwAxokn, kisoko. 


A member of rarluunent 


K'Jiknai^.in. 


A niiniiiter. 


pAijin. 


A K«i%t»fnnr. 


(Iiiji. 


A ]tletti|ioU>nlUnr. 


KtwliL 


A con!»nl. 


llyt»ji. 


An oiBinal. 


KwAiiri, yaknnin. 


AFFIRMATIVE PHRA8E8. 


TliAt it tme. 


H"rrwm mAko*.o deen. 


It in HA. 


R<m'iCnwnri deeo. 


1 farlie\e no. 


Watjyiliiwm (or vslAkoeliifm) 96 




•litnii maen. 


1 M3ry«»«. 


WftUiihiwA mjii to iimaM. 


Yon are right 


Aimtiipi yvwmUii 


1 know ii poettiTelj. 


\Vii'A«lii WA eorevo taehnrawl 




f»liitte imasQ 


I promiae it yon. 


WatMliiwA Mffwo UHUm Bi 






I idre it yon- 


H<««W(» muMa ni ipiinMiio. 


It U lie himM»ir. 


8'^vwtt anoliitonn ko<«^toitt. 


It ifl fttM* Itcmrlf. 


MM M 


It is they tUBtnwItvc 


Kut«w% %ai>A\>tot%aM»\ai k§Jf)mm 



HauBliinul.ea. 



Watasliira* 
AiiuliLtuwa DuliL <l<»n. 
Auolitlowa Jiublii iiDilaho iii irao- 

Anuliilowa i^iiniuiliiU. 

Sineda jTibniulGiiu. 

Burede yotoaliiL 

Anuliiluwa aadiaeBliiwo tabeDui- 



We liSYO dined, 


Wnlobhirawa hirn raobl)iwo Inlo. 




mailiila. 


The; h«v« sopped. 






n>a<.1.ita. 


He ti gonB out. 


Anahitowa tIeleyuM niashita. 




Walailuwa yoga arimaan. 


Hfl is «til] uleep. 








Hie horses are put to. 


Uiua wa Uukele uimaau. 


It is )«te. 


OsoL 


It is HUl wy eerly. 




I .n. lMie,«l. 




I ut tl.iritf. 




Iwnhniw 


Walwlilwahlmojii. 


I MH sleepy. 


Wataahiwauomulai- 


lunoold. 


Waueliiwa samuL 


lam warm. 


Watasl.iwa alatakai. 


1 went out eaily. 






maaliilo. 


I oane in late. 


Walaaliiwa oaolin kaerlmaBhila. 


it is time lo sat off. 


SliiillatBii no jLkokiiea kiiiinBhitn. 


The iiorikiidia U oome. 


Jiiirikishaea kiinnsliits. 




Karerawayoi bliafudesu. 


Tlwy are tireJ. 




NEOATITE PHKAfiES- 


Tlut is ant true. 


Sorewa inakotmle nai. 


Naboiiyea^iL 


Umiao ,^e» iwaan. 



77 

WaUahiwA nanimo ihilt imi^ 



I «m doing noUitng. 

I Mj noiliing. 
I Mj no. 
He in not there. 
I did not Riy Uuil. 

I «m going nowliere. 



I do not know what time it ia^ WetMhiwA nanji 



I \myi9 not lieeid. 
I did not nnderttand. 
I will not \myi9 any wiaa. 

Dinner ia not rea^r* 



I neirer eat meat at night. 

T oa are not in Uie wrong. 
He ia not riglit 
The carriage if not yet ootne. 
It ia not time yet to eet ofl. 

He ie not at home. 

That ia not enough. 
I don't belies it. 

DonH m^ a word. 
I do not Uaien to yon. 



Watariiiwa nani mo iimaeea. 
Wataiiliiwa iiyeto iimaeo. 
Annlittowa aankoni imaaen. 
WaUnliiwa emiitfikotowa 

deKhita. 
Wataaliiwa dokoyemo yiikl»*> 



iiiM. 



Watadiiwa kikananda. 
Walaehiwa 

Wataahiwa mke wa iaeai 
Hintmeihino (or yBmeriiiiMS If 

in tlie evening) ebilakvwm db- 

kileimaeeii. 
Walaaliiwa yabon wa 

nikuwo tafaemaeen. 
Anataga warui kotowa 
Atiohiiaga yokonal 
Ila»liawa mada kiraaaen. 
Ifada tliattataano jikditide ari- 

manpn. 
Annliitowa ochini 
Soreilewa ^bonde 
Walaaliiwa tcreo ibinyd ehliM. 

pen. 
lehignnmo jlna. 
Waladiiwa inatano jrtkoiowo 

kikimaaen. 



IHTBSSOOATIVB PHRA8B8. 



Wlioieitr 

Who ia ealling me ? 

What are yon doing f 
\^liat do yoti want ? 
Where are yon T 
Wheiekhe? 



Darvka* 

l>arepi walaaliiwo 

ka? 
Analawa nantwo »hile 
Naniga fwiyo dairn ka f 
])<iknni imami ka? 
Dokoni 



W1«t U lie ilolng f 

Wliat ue llisy duing r 

Wliarewflyou uiiiu(j7 

Wlieis are Iliey going? 

Wlottitnsisit? 

Wliat do you say 7 

H»Ya you lieoiJ ! 

Did yoD undorBlanil lue? 

Will you liftve Boiiia wiiio J 

la ilinuBT ready ! 

Will yoii tokelreftklost? 

Will ym) hnvii oolUfi willi milk? 

Will yon liave onp of aUoooUU ? 

la tlu) Miriage oome? 

It ii time to goT 

WlMTB ilall m goT 

Wliara will yon go ' 

Wliat an you UiinkiDg of F 

Will you oome witb meT 

An you ooming witli iu? 

Wlisnabalt weaetolir 
Havo you loeu to Did pout >rfUi 
Ate tlioie auy krtUmi t<it ma f 

Wliat doea thia arUole ooatF 




Nanji dOBiikn 



Kikoye inatiliita ka ^ 
Wak&riituisliila kaT 
Bake wo agiiimasu 1 
HirutnealiiwB dekiw 
AsanieBlijivo lalie mai 



ChokoloU ippai iknga daao I 
Bailia ga kiW imaiu ka T 
Yiiku jibun desa ka? 
Dokoye ynki maiilii) ka ? 
Dokoye oiclaiuuuka T 
Mnni wo Dknngnye deia ka? 
Isslio uikimMuka? 
Walnnhirato iatiljo ni oids nuai 
inutii ka I 

Ilau aliitlnlnu aliiinaiilio kaT 
YuUiiliyokii yo yiiki iiiiuliilakaf 
Wutnnl I iu i (oyai nigii kilu iinaa u 

kar 
Kuiio sliiua wa ikiir^losu ka t 



IHPEBATITE PHBA8E6. 



Coma oMi. 
Sit down by mSi 
Halieliaata. 
Oo into the bonae. 
Oo out of the lionae. 
Let UB '.ake a walk. 
Follow me otoae. 



Kc^o ye koi. (or more reapaot' 
fully, olutuge the last woid to 

Sohayskol {- . oiite) 
Sola ni Biiwnra ( - - oanirari). 
laoide seL ( ■ ■ kmlaaai) 
Uohiyeyuke (■ ■ oyuki). 
Solo ya yoke (■ ■ ■ -). 
IbbIio ni aampo aliimaalio. 
Cliikaku tauite koi (oide). 



Follow me fti A diiimiiofi. 
T«ll liira to rem*. 

0|ien tlie door. 
8lint ilie window. 
BUy liere a moment 

Lielen to me. 

IXKAAiit 

l^i it into yonr pooket 

Let ns lui\e done. 

net npMid walk. 

Take oere. 

Not Ml quirk. 

Wulk qiiidily. 

H|«iik to hint. 

Tell him Ml. 

Do not believe him. 

Do wliet 1 tell yon. 

Be quiet 

Oo ewmy. 

Oi\e me e gleee of water. 

Do not lieien to him. 

(live me n clieir. 
Go to bed. 

Wake me at fi^e o'clock. 



Hanarete tenite koi ( • . ) 
Anoliito ni kura yoni yilt koart 

(ktidaeai). 
To wo akei (akele kndeeiiX 
kUdo wo eliimei (ihimete • •). 
Koko ye Bokoehi tonare (ioaial- 

<e • .) 
Waaliino y«koto wo kik» (kiile) 
Are wo mii ((oran). 
Anata do kakuelii ye oim. 
Tattsukete thimawo. 
Tatte aynme. 

Ki wo tiiakei(0r kiwo teuke nanl). 
Riino ynni inopumto. 
liayakn eriike (oamki) 
An«>lii*o ni luuuiee (ohaiMtflii> 
Anoliito ni eo ^ (oilX 
Anoliito wo ihinyd nrmia (thir 



litetikem koto wo 
Sliitnka ni naeai. 
Acliira}^ yoke. 
M ixa tppai kudaadL 
Anoliito no yiikoto wo 

nina. 
tin wo kndaeai. 
Neiloko ni ytike (or oyaaami ■»> 

eai). 
Oojji ni okoeltite 



SALUTATIONS 



(iood monuns. 

Cloud morninic or. 

How do ymi do, «r. 

I am tery well, theak yoit. 

(load day. 

Oood evening. 

(lo(id niglit 

(load liye. 

Haw i«yoiir fatlicr? 



Oliayu. 

Oliayu 
(h4(igenwa iliefwle 
Ariceto, leMliaiie 
Konniebiwa^ 
Konlienwa. 
Oyaemni naiai. 
fla}unanL 
(l«iM>ii|iii aama 
? 



Wlut li&u Iriiiielit yoii into tliU 

ooimlryT 
I liBve JHtt oomo Irom lodU with 

How dill you enjny yonreeH in 
IiMliar Did you like tlio coim- 
Uy7 

Tea, qiiito well. 
Ton lui»e Barvad ua veiy well, 
1 txa maoli olilifled In you. 
How ia your Iwly T 

EDie ku not been vsiy well [or 

I km vsiy aojry to hew it. 

However abs is rather heller to- 

Tbat'e right. 

I heg yoD lo giva my oontpliments 

.to all at home. 
I ahall do it with great pleaanTe, 
(loud Lye; wa slial) meet agaiii. 

I oftlled cm yon yeRterd^, 
You had jiuit gooa ont. 
I liaTO not been told of it. 



ENOAROINa A JINRIEISHA. 



(Inltii yilni da oriniu)). 
Oiiulii>low& iniiiasMi S")^ieen }o 

euwiitinsKkB r 
Mina aanni ynTiwhikii. 

saiiin, aimtawa ktdiu ye 

Ui3Hliila kokuni okuihiui n 

ahiUka t 
Kaunito Indo kora mairi maahita. 

Iiiilo ilowB liBio go yukwai de 

ga?,&iiimahitaru. 
Aiiarawa ann kiuil wo olnki^ 

Hai, hiju iii aiifciibiiii. 
Oukiirijile goMJiDasliita. 
Goinuiulo wo kakamailula. 
Okiiaama wa gokigan yorothn 

gozauDBM ka F 
KonoeoTo wa BiikosUi kagen ga 

ytvaaliu gozaimaaeii. 
Borewa okiuojoknde gozaimani 

Sliikashi kimnioliiwa aukoahi joi 
liwle gozaimaeo. 

Borewa kekko de gozaimuu. 
Ouuhi no ininaaamayeyoroahikD 

negaimaau. 
Kanaraxu aaya moalii masn. 
Sayiinam, mala oiaeni kakartma- 



Heie 1 bring one jinrikiaha. 
Take me to the Railway Kiatian. 
How much do yon ask for lak- 



Jiurikiuha itchii mottekol. 
SleuBlio maile yalle kurai. 
. ■ - . niada ikura deeiikA T 



01 

8ir, 16 nil, pItMt. Damia, doMO, JiffOMn (U) koA^ 

ml 
Thai it loodMr, 10 md tocnonglL Banwtk ftiktA ftmn (10) di liko. 



All rii^it, Rfar. Toroirii. 

Yon mniit iiM go ulcvw, bMftiwt Howo nuJiaU kaiaio iUt OMim 

ytm liA^ mliioaEl tli« (ml yaUeim OommU. 

Oh, yon jnli«, irir. Danna, gojStkn btktfi 

Om I 61101100 yoa Igr tiw hoar ? Jikan fboadt km lui f 

How mneh moil I pflj yon bj lehl niohi mn^ flnn kaf 

tiiedAy? 

How tnnoh pv hoar ? lohijDttB wm ikiirtdAf 

Ten »n, plMe. Pdto, JiMtn knikwii 

All right, bol do not Mk for aaj Scvede yororiiii 0i atoAi MMhi 

eitim when I pay yoo. wo oeiklli wa iknML 

I wtalt to go to to remain ye UK niiiijnnm Hi aon- 

tliere eoine hoore And then io karm JuUmteomeri &k> 

fetiiin. 

If yon go feat, yoo ibdl h«ir« A Heyaka ittarm ehia «o ycM ai 

gocd fee. ymro. 

Ran qniflkOT. Motto heyftkn hMhira. 

Ton meygoilow, •• I wmat to lleohi wo mile ynkHal kvm 

eee the itreeU on the way. ■hixokaai yalle kvm 

Turn to the weet. Niehi ye mawareL 

Take me to with grMl Owcgidi madi yall* ksiL 

haete. 

Shall 1 take another nan to podi Atooehi vo hHori yatoi 

tlie eartr kar 

If it ie Tevy difllenH to draw op Moehi Mka wo noborn ao 

the elope, 1 wUI alighl and motaokaahii imi% erili 

walk. 

Here, elop one moment Kokoda, ibiharako tiiMii> 

Let me alight hevei Koknda onahile kefii 

Wait for me. Matte iro. 

I want to hniy iwime tcyi; ie th«e Omodiaga kaitai0^ yoi min 

any good tlore ? aroka? 

There ie a good one al ni yoi miee ga 

Take me Ui«e then. Boralewa 

Now take me baok to Knrekara 

ftoo ie your fee. Cliin wo yara 

Ae you liave laboured peatly I Taieo hone wo oUa 
.will giTe yoo 10 aen eilim. 






e me a little ei 
. Eied lL« lee I 



jallakiMliw 



inn)Biii jiftlaii wr 



AT RAILWAY STATION. 



Fiirt ol>u. 




Ji.15. _ 


geooiul oluB. 




ClmtS. 1 


Tliinl utua 




KelS. J 


TicXBl. 




Kippa. .^^^^^^^H 


Wfliling-roQin. 






Uookinj! olllcB. 


I'udmiril*. _ 


VfAyin. 




Irikoolu. 


W«y<mt. 




Deguchi 


KiItfMitraia 




Kyuko mslia. 


TBlBgram. 




DflnBliiu. 


LagB«en and puoeliL 






SUUon mwtei. 




Ekiclio. 


Bridp,. 




He>.lu. 


Uptaun. 




Nubori leuka. 


DowntiuD. 




Kudwiraeehe. 


Bu the tnun Its 


■ not 


y« DO Jddm m mxlt 


■Uitad>iitr 




demuau ka f 


No. not y.L 




liye, nudk demi. 


WhetB ii the litoUu mitiog- 


Jolo no roachiaijo m doko dent 


Toomr 




ka? 


Att]ieei>dotthupuMB& 


Kouoturi no luulii ni irinusiL 


WLmo li the luepea booldng 


NiiiioMii ftUiikeijo we dokuui 


offlce) 






Tliere, to the ML 




Aaokouo liidari ni. 


Qst tl)e» pMkaeei bookea to 


K«uu uimcibu «o eiukete kitte 


Md UiDg 


me Ilia 


wo motle kite kndeML 


tio^L 






I shell see tboul it 




yoni yaiiinaslio. 


Ho* n«ny pounds o( 


Inggigo 


TeuinioUu wa n«iigia made 


ueiteer 




mucliindesuker 



Thirty poonclt. 

(liTe me one flnt elMi tkkai 

to 

Let mt h*tt two Moond elMS 

lirkHiito 

Ilnm (liry lira. 

WliAt (1«i Uiey cMwtr 

Wlion di«i tlie next tnUsi to 

kftiror 

Oiiro mt a retum tkistt io • • • • 
It this the tniin f or r 



BO Uppn 



Sin^kkin mede dera 

made J9I9 no kippo lehi- 

nudkndaml 
nieae ohnto 

nimni kwlMfti. 
X<iki* iii ftrinuum. 
IknreitovnkAr 
nukle tengi no kidM «i 

nenji ni demeen k*? 

no ofnkn kippn 



yaU BO kklMi 



Kore w« 

deMnkA? 
No, it is tliere. lie, tore urn aredeeo. 

Pleefe he\e tliia pereel ebectol Vino kono nimoteii vo 



to 

In tliiii nn exprem train f 
Hit tlie train bell rung >'etf 



meile axnkele kwdail 
Kore va k}^kd renlia dera ksf 
Kiftlii no rin na mo nari miAHi 

ka? 
Hat, wo^ sagn nari maaliS. 
KUlia pi mairi maen kar^i eoko- 

Klii ato 3ie oyori 



Yen, it will be directly. 

Hc*n» cfimee tlie train; eland 

luck a liUle. 
()|«n Uie d(wr of thie earriac* Koknno towoakelekndetBL 

for m^. 
Tliis earriagi it fnlL Koko wa ip|mi da. 

AT A HOTEL. 



A room. 
A cliambor. 
Tlie Itfilrntim. 
** wafer-cloeeC 

" floor. 
** eeiling. 
•• well. 
•• wall. 
•• roof. 
•• window. 
•• door. 
- Ml 
A key. 



Ma. 

lie) a. 

Nrma. 

IVn/a 

Mon. 

Ynka. 

Trn|f>. 

Ida. 

KalcL 

Vane. 

Mada 

Ta 



Kagi. 





B4 


^ 


Thert^iroM. 




"iipHkire. 


^^^^^^H 




^^^^^^^H 


« minor. 


KagamL ^^^^^^^^^H 


A table. 


^^^^^^^H 


Cliiin. 


Uii. ^^^^^^H 


Thadesli. 


^^^^^^^^^1 


AI»mp. 


tUmiML ^^^^^^^^^1 


Acuidle. 


^^^^^^^M 


AlabWm. 


^^^^^^^M 


A pillow. 


^^^^^^^M 


TliBbed. 


Nadoko. ^^^^^^^^1 


" bedaine- 


Fiilon. ^^^^^^^^^1 


" »ir-Iiole. 


K9ki-*na. '^^^^^^^H 


" laUi. 


Fmo. '^^^^^^^ 



Oil*. 



Iglliia hotel r 

Yet, Or, it iM. 

I want to ipaiij lieie a ni^t 

Yoa aro welooma. PIbmb waUi 

in. 
Hay I walk in witli my ihoM odI 

Shall I take cO mjr ihoMF 
No, Sir, you uead not do that. 
PlwtM walk in with your ihoea 



Kola 

Kooliiia wa • . ■ . desoka I 

Hai, uyo de goiaJmiaa. 

Hilolian tomeie mnrailai. 

Yoka iiBwliai maaliita, doio, o 

aeaii kwlaaal. 

Kutau wo likita agitta ino yoio- 

■liU kftT 

KutsQ wo noBimaBliokat 

lie, Bore niwa oyobiiiiasen. 

Dozo, kutJnnoinainaih Mgui ko- 



Ib than any loom laoant up- Nikai ni al 

Tliay aie all ooonpied upataiiK. Mikiiwa m 

Tlien let tno have a loom down- 8»rede*rB diila no koM iri no yoi 

•tain with good ventilation. Iiq'a ni aliite kiuluai. 

Hu my Ijaeeage all oome I Mimotaii wa iiiina kimaaliiUka f 

Yei, aie Uiero liipieoeain all? Miniule mutau de gomiiiuwuk* f 

Yes, there ai« ui. pieces Have Sayo maliudMn. Mina kouliin 

them all Isoueht in hero. ye motta kil« kudasoL 

I wiih to have two beds tor a few Nisan nlchi no aida uedoko ga 
dt^ f otatsn hoahil. 



M 



I wMi my bad-room to be on Um 

flni floor. 
We do not like a fWigs room. 
OiTe me ilie key of my roooi. 
WltfU is your door namb« f 

I iMve nnmber 13. 

Wliere ia Uie bell to tliie room 7 

Tbe bell doee not ring. 

Will yoa tend op the ehftmber- 

meid diieoUy, for vetre tiled 

end went to go to bed. 
Tell tlie meid to bring man wtim 

end more iovele. 

Uring me freeli weier. 

I went my bad warmed diveeUy. 

Tlie U<{ Nreme very luud. 
Are ibe alieeU well eiied ? 

WlMwietlie W.C.? 

My 1mm>u ere f|ttiU) wot, will yoa 
lievo iliam tlioronglily dried tip 
far me I7 tA-mcerow morning ; 
ffir I celdi e«>ld elwi^ye, if 
tliey ere et ell damp. 

Ihit tlie boi of meidiae npon the 

tehie. 
I wieli to lie^ breekfeei. 
Oi%e nie tometliing to aa4. 
At wliet liotf do we dine ? 

Bring He tee for four dire^ly. 

Wliy ia not dinner raMy ^ 

At wliet limtr in yotirtAl4ed1i(«le? 

He^e yoQ meny people el it ? 



Heme we ahitani aliiteL 



Turi-miohino Ueym we irimaaen, 
He}'eno kegiwo kndeaei. 
Aneteuo lieym we neabui da go- 

xeimesnkef 
Jo nil an deeo. 
Kono heye no yobiguiewe dokoai 

ahmeetikef 



ganenraeaen. 
Tnkerete nemolei kere ^i^^wo 
aogmii yokoehile kodeauL 

Gojo ni misnto ienngni wo tik» 
Mm motte kom yuni ytile kadft> 

AUreaUii mitn wo hoiltiL 

Nedoko wo jOdni eteleaeU aon^ 
tel 

Nevltiknge ketei yude. 

Hlireu we yoke lioahite erimeeiv 
ke? 

llon)i> we dnkmti erimeea kef 

NiM^^HtrtOra ga liklnkn nmele IttA- 
aiikeie ealittenn eMuneda ni jl- 
bim kewekeidiite oila k wheel, 
•ukoaliidemo nmete imto ilei^ 
mo keaawo hikimeeii kere. 

Met«li no heko wo dei no «QfO ai 
nitekodeaeL 

A«emeidiiga hoebiL 

Heni ke tebemono wo kiataaal. 
Henji ni meahiwe 

ke? 
Clie wn yooin meye 

kHe kwleMa. 
NeM Itirn me«hi no 

»lit*e neiJui? 
Nan}t ni •lioknd'* we 

piike* 
Tektwa^ \e3LeKx&eefiA ^^ 




Ksep b!i phots tn 
d-bote. 

Csn we dins in out roam T 

Row muolt do yon tlian cliwgo 

[or baqIi poruntiT 
How miioli do you oliiTge a lioad 



Sliow me jour bill of fare and liat 

Bring me a bot'la at winO; 

Bring ma the newe-pipar. 

Hftve you an Ensliflli or Frencb 

papeir 
Wliivh ii Ui« my to tha poat 

olBcer 
HaM jon a leUai foi inef 



talils Slinknilo m rokniiin nn haslio iro 

Jihun no heyxls Isbetii katoe* 

dekim&snkA ? 
Sanotaki wu icliinin nays Oinra 

>l<Mii]Ln ? 
Sliokwto lULra ioliluin mayo iknn 

Sakeino bouo iioliiui komottaimft- 

aiika? 
Nedan gaki to wke no inidinTaku 

wo mi^ete kodasai. 
Biidilshu wi) ippoQ niiitto k^ii. 
Sbinlnm wo motto kits kndaiaL 
Eigo lift FrniiEgo no sliinhun ga 

BrimaiiukaF 
YfiloD Idokuye m dooliinyeydd- 

masukaF 
Watakiulii ni lagami p kinu- 

■liiift ka! 
TiiMi «a iknra desn ki? 



Bend tliat latter to the poaL 

Ii there an EnglUL oonml lieie * 



Where can I get my money 

ohangedf 
WiMre does a bmkar live ? 
I wish (o fee a medical mau, I 

am imwelL 
Uuia you a dodor wlio epeaki 

EogUali! It lie undoietanja 

Frenuli, tliat will do. 
Wbal (ee Bliould 1 give liim t 



Bono (egami 
kiklaiaL 

Eikoku DO 
iimuiiU? 



ryoji 



j-^Un ni dailiile 
koko nl 



: sniide imaaiika ? 
Anoliito no ujlii iii yuku miolii 

wo oaliijete kiHlaeal 
Dokoile riugne wo bUIIb kiire- 

masnka? 
Oiidu wa doku ui arimasq lui T 



rsthat aaooglif 



Cui I Imve a vtnn htUt? 

Uh\9 you a hiUi in the ho«M? 

HA'«e yon a Uie im oi i ieter? 

Bring me tonw toaiv 

Ull me at Kii o'cloek in tha 
mofning. 

Will yon gi%a a loud knosk at 
my door a qnarttr bafora iha 
to-morrow morning to viks 



(?loM tlio KhntienL 

Can 1 lia^atlialiaalrfaatattliat 

honr? 
We will haira brtakfaat for two 

at til io tlia morning panotoal- 

liring my lti(9ig* into tlia tol- 
room. 

Brir^ my lugQugi out of tha tol- 

room. 

Li^rlii a f ra in my room. 

Make a rood ftra. 

How mmili liavt I to |aij? 

Ilrini; me my aoeonnt 

If tlifne aiiyihing worth ataing 

in this town? 
^liicli are Uia moat alagant edi- 

flran in tliiff town ? 
In tlirre a tlieatre in this town? 
I winh to f nd tlie bouia of Mr. 

B - . 
\Miat ilirectAon mniit I laki* 

Mnst I aftarward tnrn to tUa 

riglit or to Uie left * 
Can wa |ia%a litre Earofiaan 

mmit* 
Tor, Imt tli«y are not tary good. 

\\1iat ran we lia«a ? 
Ittliatall? 



87 

Fnro pi diU mara ka? 
Uchi ni fnro ga arimaan kaf 
Randankai ga tanile arimaan k»f 
Bliabon wo molta kita knda«i. 
Ana wa rbknji ni okodiile kvd»- 

mO. 
Ammo aM goji jngolQn nay« ta^ 

yc^n to wo tataile watariiJ «o 

okoahita kn^MaL 

To wo ibiniaia kadMaL 

Bono Jikan ni aimaehi ga taka- 

raramaan ka? 
Kanarain aM roknjl Bi f atari wa 



Nimotra wo naroa yt aoHa kilt 

kndaeaL 
Nimotan wo nama 

kodMaL 
Heya ni hi wo lalie 
Hi wo yokn moyaahila kndiaaL 
Waiania no kan)$ «a Ikiaiiiig 

ka? 
Xanj5g[JU wo motte kilt kmhiJ, 
Kono madii ni 

arimaan ka? 
Machi di ieh&hui 

mono wa dctadean ka ? 
Maehi ni eliilai ga ariaMan ka? 
11 tan no wshiwo M^MbUaL 

Dochirano hTira ynkala yarvM 

goiai matn ka* 
Sorvkara mtgi^ 

liitkriya magarimaaa ka? 
Kocliiradawa yuahokogn 

■nka* 
Hai, titikafthi amari yok 

taimaivn. 
Nani(^ dekimaan ka ? 
fk<aV4ibaKVteKfii»^> 



fo- 



Tlien lol me lima a i;,a.y\ lainii- 

I]B<a j'ou Eul'iipeAii tfUds? 

I ua yerf Borry, but I have uot. 

Then lot me Iiavs tlues utdei 

quilts 80 tliat I may iint hate 

pain in my BliniiLlorB. 
I elwll unl fail to Ju gu. 
la thsra any place to be teen 

aUnit this town. 
There ia some beaatifal loenat;; 

il jcm want lo viait Uieln I 

•hall aand some ooa tg aooom- 

pany you. 
. What Bort of veallier U it r 
It ii flue. 
Doeaitiaiaf 
I bel>a«e it rains. 
I do not tliink it will lain 

thia morning 
W« luive nnlliing to teu, lor 

tlie wii^ ia in the Dortli. 
I ua a ninbow wliicli ia a 

aign ot fine wetUher. 
We m^ go out and take a 



Beiyii mi iieilnkn gn BTimaan 
Makutoiii ukuioduku desuij* 



Sowilowa fuUiD 1 
knlBUo ilaliu 

Kakli ikomlLri masliita. 

naiii];aheubiili 




toknr 



nkaf 



Znibiiu ketlilki uo ym Uiktroga 
arimaHu. Jiaaaliaiu naiadare- 
lea otomowc 



Tenld wa iIodeniiliB t 
Yoi leuJd da gozaimaau. 
Aine ga (uri msau ]u7 
Ama ga furo to omoi maau. 
Keu ame 9 lum to wa omoI 

Kita ham itami kaiv aliinpai torn 

Miji ea m^ maau kani tenlu ni 

Boto ye del« sampo itashi maaho. 



OH DINIHO. 



TbetnMl. 
BreaUaat. 

Luncheon. 
A retreahment. 

Sopper. 
Beet. 



BliuknjL 
AaainenliL 
Hirumeshi 

Beuto. 

Keuziii or liaiayaaome. 

Uaomeslii oryomesIiL 

Qiuuiku. 

Hitaujinouikn. 



Fuih. 
VtflaUblM. 

Water. 

11661. 

Wiiia. 

Tea. 

Milk. 

Frmt 
'riie apple. 



II 



M 



II 



paech. 
almoniL 

■M-fldi. 
nirer^fUi. 
end. 
" ojrBler. 

Vimpur. 

on. 

fkit 

meed 

MwUrd. 

ppppex. 

Ginger. 

Bngar. 

HofMty. 

Bpioie, 

lUue. 



Ttirnipe. 

Melon. 
Oniooi. 



IliiUnonikn. 

Bakana. 

Taeai 

Salad. 

TMnaita 

KwaMliL 

Mito. 

Biim. 

Biiddahii. 

Cha. 

ChtehL 

Kwdamoao. 
Ilin^ 
NaKhi 
Memo. 

IfailanlTu. 

Mikan. 

nnd5. 

Ichtjikii. 
Umi-owow 



Tara. 
Xaki. 

Abm. 

Sliivo. 

I'an. 

KaradU. 

Knuho. 

Hli5«a. 

Hai5. 

Milm. 
YakimiL 
Mi^ 
Kotne, 



Kabora. 



rri 

cte|i» 



TUc tal>lo <'lalli. 


TbI.10 1aka. M 


AiApMtu 


Kiu:l>iIi>lcL ^ 


AplMa. 


mximuJ.I. M 


hWIorit 


H»ii. 1 


UkidK 


Mai(«. (!i3.'lii>) 1 


yA»I»om. 


Haji. d 


Udidi. 


HnuUI. I 


Ami. 


yaUKuki. A 


.A^lM 


UiziiDuiul '1 


AMtlB. 


Bin. ■ 


Sr, dinner ii on llie lAbla. 


Anala, hinimOBlii ga dole iraaati. 


Btiall I give yoii tame «ouii? 


Soup »o FBhliiage ma-sliu IsT 


If you [ileBse, I li}ie it lery uiudi. 


WafukiiGlu wa Uilion auld do 


1 tl.iiik ll,at BoHp iveflkfliis tLe 


WuIilIubIii wn koijp wo tabemto 


iitoniMh aul tlierefoia I never 


iea ynwom yfmi omoiniam 


eat it 


kara kemliite uIjs maaon. 


I lilce flRh veiy nooh and alMyi 


Walokuxhi wa trnkana ea tailieii 


dine well wlien tliera ib any. 


■uXi dBKii kara sakanaga areU 




ilsiimo mealii wo yokei ni taba 






la it aaaotfrash water flak r 


Sore wa am! ,.wo deau ka kawa 




nwo deau ka? 


TliewarafUlieaofbotlikind. 




Tliu Huh U excellent and very 


IIwo mo yoroaii lyori mo yokn 


mUdretwd. 


dakitBimaau. 


Will ]n>D have aome pnUtooaT 


Iinowaikaeailean) 


If you plea*. 


DiiKo Kiidacai. 




Ano cOiatani nanika sake wo aeeta 


to drink. 


kudaaai. 


Thia *inB ia YOiy good. 


Kono htdodiu w» tailien VeUco 




.leaa 


Wliat flah ia that in the diah 




near you? 


nande goiaimMu ka ? 


Tliis ia salmon. 




I will tliank you (or a liUle ot 


Souo Bhike wo Bukoalii kodaatd 


that caimoa 




niUi.inai£ excellent. 


Kouo bmloeliQ «a yoroelin gozai- 










bad. 


ran-narai wariiku wa aiimaaen. 


Itia eKBlkat; 1 luin not drank 


Eorewa kekko de eoiaimasa ua- 



91 



any m good (or a long time. 

For my paH^ I luiv« quite dotw. 

TiJw wliai yoQ Uki witUoul 
«»fomnny. 

No, I tluuik yon. I will Uki 

•ome f rnit 
Waiter ! llriiig tlie let oiip«, hn- 

ed, boUer, milk, engiur, and lea* 

SpOOItfl. 

Here, Ktr, ie every thing yon Uav« 

aiskad fur. 
Put tliem all on tlie talile and 

lieal eoroe wa'cr to maJ» tea. 

Tlie water ie boilii^ lir, Iwill 

bring yon (be kettle. 
Do not forget to Uiiig knivee, 

napkinn, ami itiipur. 
How do you like Uiia tea idr ? Ie 

it no; eUron;; enongii for you? 

Itieeir^lleut; Imt it ie a ItUle 

too Ktinns: fnr me. 
I do not like it to etiong ; I eltall 

add ikime hot water to it 

Ae Uw m*, weak tea doee not 

unit me; it weafceni my 

■tomarli. 
Tliinteaui exnellent; wUen did 

you buy it? 
I will tliank yoa for anolhar cup 

ol lea. 
OentJemen, luiiper le ready. 

I liava no af|Mtite ; I etuM will- 
ingly go to bkl wtilioal eapper. 

Your a|i|«tite will ira|vo«w ae 
yon eat. Come, there ie enme 
■yeeeble eoeiety, yoa will be 



gakn konna yoinowa 

r«ndeehila. 
Wataknelii wa md jnbim de gomi 

maen. 
Ooeiirro na^iinl oenkfaia acoo 

wo otori kndaeai. 
Mo takoean deeii kndamooo wo 

dnidai itaelii maen. 
Kniji, cha-wau to pan to butler io 

phiclii io Mid to nhaiji wo 

motteoide. 
Kokoni anatano oertiatta eliinep 

mine gottimaen. 
llina datno oyo ni ocle eorekam 

olta wo irernyoni yowo wakaehi 

teknrei. 
Tnga tiijo tatle imaenkam j»> 

wakaehi wo moie mairimaehft. 
Naifu to napkin to ealS wo 

reruna. 
Kono clia wa ikagM 

Ana'a uiwa oeni kotowa gotti- 

nuuen ka? 
Kekko de goxaimaea ga wafakoebi 

iitwa koynnQgi maen. 
Wataknelii wa amari koiaowa 

fiukima«en kara enkoehi yn wo 

Nuihile kodaeaL 
WfttAktiftlii wa mrai no wa eoM 

miuwn iwo yowakn earn ySdeeo 

kara. 
Kono clia wa kakkS imm doko de 

omoione ni aarimaejiiti kaf 
I)uio mo ippai kndaeaL 

DannapOa y^meehi ga deUAo 

imaeo. 
Tabetaka naduira yttmeehi 

talata ni 
Talwte gnfaa 

kara, iraahai yoi tattfo ga atla 




B3 

I vill Ikinh you (or a littlo o[ 

thu [lied Ml. 
dive me Bometliiug Ut ib-iuk, 
Wliat wine do you oliooe? 

Give DE B bolUa ot Burgundy. 
Will you liave Home utiiue? 
Wiial id Uiere iu tliut Jieli u llio 
oilier end o[ tlie lubie? 

Pny, lit, whftt ie tlieis in Uia 

ItBBk tefore you I 
Itu ft liquor; it ie MaBUnnue. 






ir lasting betoieyou. 



WbktwiUyoneatiiiT 
It ii not badly dnaed. 
Ton like fish, aii I 
It ie very Iresb. 

Ho. I thftnk youi 1 have eaten 

enoagli I have no more appetite. 

Will nobody eat anything laanf 



Aiuitaiio mayeao bin niwa nsuiea 

gozttiniaaiikn ! 
Arewa aslie de MasomuDS Ja 



OBBki ui sinflwo ilfliUhi 
EasBlii'^ okamai naku. 
Haniwo raahiaee maehoka t 
Byoriwa wanii koto «a arimwen, 
Sakeinawa oauki deanka f 
Ookn atarashn gOKaimam. 
Mo Ukusao, jSinin itadaki maehi 

ta, mo taberaie maeen. 
Donalamo ; 




u ga goKni innsu 



Have yon ie 






Yet, yet, m aie peif eotlj vtitited. 

Oet me three jinrikiahai. 

Jiutildaliae aie come. 

Ib the tnmk well (aateued T 

Yet, (dr, it it well teanred. 

i ahoiild not like the tronk to be 

■tolen on tlie roadi. 
Tliete it no danger. 
Look into all tlie room* that 

notliing may be forgotten. 
I have looked evatynkerei 

nothing ie f ntgoUaa 
Oome let ui go down, it la 

time to att off. 
Bnl, dear ut, what mutt we 



5 nanimo oagarini 
kai 

jnbnn de goxaimaen 



Hai, ^brai maniokn Bhimasbita. 
JinrikisIiA eanoho ydlotte kudiufti 
Kunima ga main maeliila. 
Trunk wa yokiuthite txinuni 3ia! 
Hai, daijobu ni aliile gozaimaBo. 
Miolitde Imnk wo nusuniarerD 

Bonna kiziikai wa gotai maten. 
Nani mo waaiira monoga nai yonl 

hayii wo mint miU kiulaaai. 
Miim munaEliila ga iiaiii mo 

waeuielewa goiainuaea. 
Hu aliuttaUu no jikan daiu kara 

oiite yiiki maalio. 
Bhikashi, anata kono hon wo do 



do wHh tlMM boolnr 
We will etrry ilMm onrtalv^s 

and imi Uj«fn in Om poektU. 
I with yoo a good jooni^. 
Put my biC6*GB ^ ^^o of 

ihtan ami fti tli« fee for 



Wlirro are yon ftoin^ 
To the OBtt iown. 



itaelii maeho ka* 
Sotewa jibon ni mode orUe kiko- 

slii ni ire maelio. 
Ooki^etQu, QchafaL 
Nidai ui nimUan 

nedan wo kime'.a knd«aaL 

iMiko ye oide ni nari maaii k»f 
Ttnei no ilinkQ 
maan. 



It yotir bill raa^y for me? 




Kan.o wa drid'.a Imaan km? 


Pleaae Iring my bill eoi 


ML 




Kanp wo sagQ mo4 la kHa kaift- 

laL 
Kokoni gonimatn* 


Thank yon, h«a H ia. 






How mndi dnee it coma to? 




Ikurani nari maan kar 


It oomea to tan yen. 






Jflyen de gcMiaiaiaaaL 


I ean not read thia bUl, ptaaaa 


Kouo kanjSgaki wa yona mmmm 


tranilatait 






kara lioqyakn ebila kndaaL 


Tall tlia jinrikiiharoan 


to mi 


i aa 


Kommajra ni iarfinlanmai ai 


quick ae pneRible. 






liaidiim y9ni ynla kiwieii. 


Tell iliem to he earafol not to 


NimoOin wo kowaMura y^ak y«la 


Ifak tha baoMM. 






kodaML 




AT 


A 


SHOP. 


noUle. 






Tiraba 


BOL 






Haka 


Bay. 






Kan. 


Broeada. 






Ni^hiki 


Bronae. 








Bronae waia. 






nskL 


Cervinf^ 






Hmimonfli 


Cloiaonntf ware. 






niippo-rakL 


Co|i|M9r. 






DSoraki^kML 


Cotton. 






Wata. 


Crapeiu 






Cliirimaa. 


Comedown. 






Makara 


(Thta|v 






YaraL 


Rartlienwara 






Tftnniiiyaki, or tekL 


funnfoaMfy. 






Noi. 


PtIM. 






{{fi. 


Fteia(ronnd) 






Udiiwa. 





I"!^^! 


w 


^ 


Festoon. 


^^^^^^1 


OoliJ. 


_^^^^^^i 


lucence-bunur. 


^^^^^^B 


Inlaid moUl worli. 


^^^^^H 


Ivory. 


^^^^^^H 


I,oT-™«. 


Zoee-ikiku. ^^^^^^^H 


LsTBO. 


^^^^^^H 


LitUe. 


8ll)H>a1>i or chiiHO. ^^^H 




Nurimono or SliikkL ^^^H 


V^. 


Men. ^^^1 


- Fapei Untanu. 


Qiosliin. ^^^1 


PilCbBI. 


Uiiitauhl ^^^^^H 


riiolotwplieie. 




Pliotogiapli*. 


^^^^^^H 


Plate. 


^_^^^^^^^^H 


POToalftin ware. 


Isliiyald 1^ jOd. ^^^^B^^^^^^^^^^H 



OaJfu. 
Ye. 

KiraomeiL 
Ki-ito. 
HiliD. 
HuuL 

BioLu. 
Oin. 



8qa»r& 

TobMoopipe. 

Tobaooo ponoh. 

ToUouainL 

Trey. 

VnluB. 

VolveL 

Wlut ia tlie piot of thii ftrtiale f 

Bowniuohr 

I cui Dot givs lo moali. 

Con you not take Isu F 

It i* loiy QhMi[ 



Bliikaka. 

EiMTU. 

TataJto-ire. 
Talako-bon. 
Boil 
Atoi. 

Kouo sliina wa iVun dMu kftf 
Ikura deBU ka? 
Sore dake wa ilaae maMn. 
UaJiaii in&seu ka? 
I uot Yuui keredomo aliinaga yokn n 



Th«i if nol dnnbtou 

Do jroa niaht aaj dsdnelkm 

What !■ Um valfis of thfti in 

Rneliah mooiy? 
Da «o kind M to abov ma tliAt 
WliAi « tlie iMino of ihAir 
TliM ii Dol good onoiigli. 
lUiro jToa no bsllar? 
Yet, weliATO. 
Ym, all Om ttiiiv liOTt hAtt 

flxad ivioaa. 
Bat oan yon not makt a Uttto 

oonaideration r 
Haira yon aqy oliaa|iar onaa. 
Horn do yon lika thaaa? 

How modi k thiaf 
Tliay ara 7 yan a dfiaan. 
Why ara thay ao ohaapf 

Tliay ara tary infarior in qtiality 
to thoaa yon hata aaan baf or*. 

Qiva ma 5 doiana of tUa 7 yan 



la tliat a porealain plataT 

No, it k eloiaonn^ 

How mooli b iha ooat? 

7 y^^ a piaoa. 

IM ma «M tlK*m. 

Won't yon ndnca tba |vk« a 

IHtlar 
I am acvry, hot «• can not maka 

any raduoUon. 
Yoo ara a rmthar diAoolt nan to 

btfipUn wHh. 
What k that vaaa? 
It k lai>qtiaml varai 
Can yon taka fham i^awn froaa 

thaidiaif. 



M oelii ga wand. 
Dcttraka makari maao kaf 
Igirian nokanada aoranoaliivm 

iknradatn ka? 
Poxn n<«« wo miaaia knjaaai 
Snre wa nanto ynmono daan kat 
AmariyokunaL 
Motto yoi no wa arimaaan kaf 
Ilai, gottimaan. 
Rai, koehbadawa mlna ahSfnda 

dagoxaimaao. 
Sliikaahi ankoihl okangai «a 

doki maaan kaf 
Motto yaani no ga arimaan kat 
Korera wa ikaca da 

kar 
Koia wa ikura daan kaf 
leliUaa ahielii yan da 
Knra wa najs aoima ni 

goxaimaau ka* 
Knra wa roaya ni goraa bI aaHa 

no to wa tatban riiiaa fa otoHa 

imaao. 
Sliiehi y«n no wo go daa kndaaaL 



Ara wa aatcanooo no 

ka? 
Ik, tldiiiio da goaahnaao. 
N<^kn wa iknradaaa ka? 
I«<htmai ahkhi yan da 
onitni na«L 
Riik<«hi makari maaan ka? 



Okinal«ikn daan ga ankoahimo 

makari maaan. 
Znihnn torihiki no mntankaAl 

hitodaaa na. 
Ann hanaiha wa naialaan ka. 
Aia wa nurimotio da gnailmaan., 
oroaaia maao kaf 




11 miMle kiKluaL 
Ik'imde ({ci/aiinuii kaF 

i )giii,n yen da gazainmra. 
Ainnri lokni deva'uimasm kat 
airaJe kelcliaku dosulisf 
Hiiki iig iniai de iiiju yen uo vri 



PIstee show me (likt. 
Hciwmuolido yoiiisJi lor tliooif 
Hu yen the ijaii. 
U it not ton ilaarr 
Is it llie last priael 

lUoae iViSat a\U&l^ita [lom tliia Boro wjkore lomallakn Hliiansa 

in qimlity. oliieni iiisbii. 

Mo, Uiey ore of llie s&mo qimlit}'. lis, ouftji sliiiiA Jseiu 
K juu oompai'e both loeotlisi Byoliu iaslio ui okimha ni o&ii- 

you will sea Uie dlHetence. muuto, oliigu gK omkui oi 

nBTimuiL 



INDEX. 


Note: TlMMtwA i«fm to <Im Metiaa htrttmetf IhaillM 


PivfOTlW. 




A 


Boilai WelerlftU, 1G6 




Books OB JtpftB, S7 


AbMo-MiMi, 187 


BookflUwee, IS 


A0ilA Wdl, 76 


Boddhim, Jepeneei^ iS 


A0M Temple, 170 


Bokkojl, UO 


AKiMhi JiiMliA, A6 


BontTAkiMTo, S16 


AkMhi, ASS 


BaocoteiH X7« 


Arm^iio Hfleliidftle, t, 106 


Bifudo^B, 177 


AnMHerMo^MikaBi, 06, ASS 




AnniTerMiy EnfoiaM, TIh^ 60 


C 


Anyriji, ItarnytmA^ lu6 




AniehiyMiMi, l6l 


OUMa«lMttB^**fi 


ArUJie-no>h*anA, A66 


Cer|«te,10 


ArioM, AfiO 


CtlehnHed tmrnmrn ol Kjolo. 17 


AmioajuxiM^ ASS 


Cemeltry ollke OwrinVlMidJIir, 


Aaano, 08, A^ 


Hie, 07 . • 


Aihiki^ flbosniM, S4 


Chftnty kmotk^iiimJh$;Wmmk\ 


AtefOTamt, 167 


no 


Alnmori, 04, A6S 


ChilnWebiM, A41 


Alsnte JineK ASO 


CliislUijI, lU 


AvttleCiMlii, lot 


Clilo»iB,00 




caiUlMlni4ii, US 


B 


atommkf, A44 




OiafmlDij^ Hi^«lu jmai^ lot 


nuika, U, 


aimeie ol Kjolo, Um, 41 


BmIiu, The Ho«M ol Um Poet, 


CloMwmae or Sbinpou 11, SOS 



Beaeba, flunoM Pkeee la, A6S 

BMhodu, 100 

BMboea el Kiaipiika|l, 100 

Belle, No«ed, 101,110, All, ASO 

Btnlwi, 40, ASO 

BenaileB, ToehiMiH, 106 

Bii«o,A6l 

Biwe Uke, TW, AST 



OMoOkd or lCUile8abool,Kjr«l9 

Fo,SU 
ChftvJnMjo, S16 
C<mammdtd Bsliool,Kj64o F^tS 
Commoa8olM6li ollyilsvTbiLSlO 
CoUdbeloiKO 
Crtpe, 10 
Cvirioe, IS 
Cmnmmf^ JifHUMMi f7 



IMUnJI, A6 




Dftlbuttii, ILl. Alo 


Fsotorles, 16, 197, A9 


DBlbntiu IKilHiji. 117 


F.QS, IB, loa. 307 


mig>3(u-riu,au 




IHieaku-i^u, 91S 


FiuQ Alt Auouiatiaii,Kyuto, 918 


Bwgoji, lal 


Pina Art ailiool of Kyoto Oilj, 


DklRokuxIen, S8 


Tlie, 3U 


D^lliEBD, IC3 


FlBfi. at Cho.i«kuii, 100 


Dailiooiiji, 112 


Flowed, Plwee noted for, 81 


XllilulKiji, 155 


FudG-in, AGO 


Dftimonji-]-»iQji, 88 


Fuji, Mt,, 1 


Diiij, kjoto, a js 


Piijjninnori Tompla, 176 


DkUAn Kuto Oakko, aOO 


Fi>jiHaia KuDitui, AU 


D»ito]iuji. Ho 


FiikuwaiB, IH 




Fnkakiuk Sbotbo, IBl 


Dankro Dudii, TB.lOS 




Dwliitlik Solioolf, The, 200 


fm-eacHAuribi, 169 


Dotanbori, A6 


Fuiliimi, 178 


l>nw«tM) 


p^Umi-no-un, A33 


Prwng ud Dj»d FkblM, 11 




W,1B7, 303, SUB 


a 


B 






aeJdi,A10 


Ea«iiin., AES 


OeiuliD, too 


ainttUoMl Booiely, Kyoto Fn, 


Hioliuji, A3D 


217 


OifD, ASl 


Heht Views of ami, Th», AST 


Qiuludcoji, 87 


Eil>oji, AU 


Oiokn-ho-iE, 149 ' 




Oion Cllerry, lOu 


EU>i, 111 


Oirl'B UicU Bobool of ^oto Fa, 


Eleotrio IlailMyf. 6 


313 


Einkroideiy, 10,200 


Oo-liyalia BakAD, A37 


Einmui.JD, A9U 


Oojikw*!, 3l!l 


Emparors, A Lilt of, 99 


(Injo liri<lga. The, 10 


EllkoDl4«lug^9fi 


Qakonnmiy^ 177 


Entraknji, All 


Gold foilB, 13, 198, 807 


Eilubition, 'lite Fourth Kstioul, 


Oo5 Temple, 83 


63 


GoiT&lou, 81 


EiliibitioD, A HiitoriMl, sa 


Gotyo Temple*, The, 83 




Qi«de ol Sliiuto Templae, The, 69 



(hM>M 


BodhUmi, 9M 






H 


Hon^W, IMriu*].., tlO 






HmIiUmj^, a* 


H<>^lil,K,MoP.,»l 




II"pibI. Vuiikli, tlfl 




HoUli, Kr.jtn, a 


lI«r«p.^lM 


Oi»kv ^1 


Htkmini, JUS 


Nlim,AD 


lUfcuu, ASS 


NicojaAST 


IUh>tatMi.i5,A4 


Oita All 


!!>»..»> T«», l«j 


Ota, AM 


fUai^ASO 




ItaM.Al8 

IUM.b]ra,Alfl 

1tM).l<t■t^ iM 


Kotahb«,AW 


SX,!;?*"'""'^ 


H*Uu JiagB, B4 




mi«, AJl.AW 


I 


lti.h>IJbqo». US, 196, 11 At. 




Hi.l./«l.l. <!.(«, U 


Ich,>i Mr.h>T>.Mdd. UT 


MklMMo, AS'\ W 


ld..n.U«,. A&: 


HM-nn, 1«« 


li*...™ Kliub.!, IM 


Hl^whi Hoac*«4, in, UJ 


lUuo, 141 


Hwuhi OUni, KiJ 


HtnUTMiph, All 


Ili^^LTUM. m 


Ii~«ir« TW«pl.. Ul 


Hvl' Common .slieob of KjSit,, 


tuW;w>i«, All 


■IS, lie 


Iixi flMioB, 1T4 


Hikmw, AlS 


- Ttaipm74 


IIi~.ii.AM 


llMitata re* U« BU^ «^ 


Ui.-.».. Tnn.rl-. 144 


DaatvSU 




inm>.-,), in 




iM.Ai; 


«Wo|«J.r»l,i, AiJ 


Im OMlts Alt 


1lnkoJm>l.i>. AM 


l.l.,n^h„AB.AH 


Illt.B4ak...TI,,. Iff 


i.i.o««, A n 


ir.7..<liiJ.<,.I.>, Ml 




H<1.« K6.bo.A* 




Honn BbSnlB, tt,9t 


U^M, A4I 


HoDowi]), in 


b«^Uw,Tl», Atl 


H..i»k'*")i, iM 


ItMkMhlM, AM 


II.>»>^ji, IDU 




lloudo, ITS 





w^r»iite< i 



»Mdto»*iK^ 



lot 



UMqntr Wmir, it, 191, 
IjJ»Bi«A,A87 

•• OgmMTT 
Lilmy, M^yaMki, AlO 



17 

Ifftibum-TtonitA ItaOwtgr, IM 
MaOio^ABS 
llAinni, fl, IM 
MaUikmsIM, 448 
llMnpalraji, lHO 

lCAD)ll.ill, 106 
lfAr]^0,SO 
MArafiun*, A66 

Hmtjtmk, Pvblto Pitk ali 104 
llMMhifi,46, A4a 
Matan^ihi, 161 
lCAlniiMM> Jlialtt, lU 
All) 
AM 

Mftlim) Bobool, Ky6lo Pa, til 
lf««Al wodk, I1,SJ, 19a, li>4 

M kUb Babool, Ijolo Ftt, tU 

IfUdM. Aas 

lliki«i PlMtival, 66 

MUhubI, Mi, A44 

lIikifli.7«Mk AlO 

MiBO^Jusltll 

If itMlofivA PMk, Alt, 

*« l«ii^A4t 

lIiiiMo.jainA OaiiM^ Alt 
Min^TlMvAl 



MiwA JindMK All 

lOymjiiiM, A60 

MiyiU Odgri, Itt 

MijmBii, S, 196 

lUyodil Kijolnr% US 

lfiiaro.Bo4lM, 161 

MomojuiiA, 176 

MomojMM PilMt^ tlL iit^ Itt 

ItO, 186, 176 
lloajo, 196 
Unmttdk iimlht^ A§$ 

lIoiMy, t6 
Uomf Oite% 94 

Mi Hiti, 166 
UmmM flhnriba, A40 
MhMiiiM, Xj6lo InpiiH •! 
M76li54iSltO 

MyoiDAii^, 169 
lBJi,148 



Wiphiwi, A4t 
Na^tftt Rlw, Thi, Ast 
Ni^iiftA JilldM^ A60 
Na«Kiln Tti^iB, 169 
NapiTm, Af7 
N«r7*OMlW,t7 
Naiifi. A91 
NaJuyaiim^, 4 
NalttMttl6, 1, A6i 

NaiMfkIS, All 

Nmo* Jiii^A64 
NmniwA, tM 

ll*Mho>, A7 

NmIo, AOt 

«^MW^^r66l9^ ^^^ 

NftH^At 
llimkifaid,t 



109 

Nuiaiji, Seyofian, 100 
Ntuliiiioki TsmplB, B] 
Msv>l AcajBiD^, A £9 
Neealiima, Rdv. J.U., <J9,aJ0 
Nens-paiiont, 17 
. Ninkoji, 3U 
Nioliiioii, TP,ln),10D LBO 
Nlewtmida, AtU 
Nijo FnlnoB, IM 
Niitliii;L, 147 
I NioigitilM, 33 
Nithijin, 133 
Nidiihino Tenjiii, 103 
Nlibt Otani, 117 
NiBon-iD, 156 
Nobuuaeit, 130 

Noniml bcIloqI, Kyoto Pa, 212 
NuDobUd Waterfall, The, i.i8 
Svt, IIG, 66 
Nifogoden, log 



Ohtlm-Mn, 130 
Ola Nobnna;:*, IB9 
(Meet, Pablio, 8 
OgaJd, Asa 
09kilnioi>}o,BO 
Ogni* Lab, 177 
OgTM, Stoi7 of, 133 
Oltanuk Park, As 
01iai*-no Jiuilia, 183 
ftalii YoaliiD, 182 
Oluunoto Burin, Afil 
0]Jl)-imiB, Au6 
Okayama Castle, ASfi 
OksKiiki, ASO, OS 
Okiooaliimi, au Uland, A14 
O'uo, Jdarqyama, 10 J 
3.ni, A37 
Omt-HofcK A37 



Ono-uo Komaolii, tlie Tomb of, 



OtiJLoyamJi Hacliii: 



Palaoas— 

Imperial, 7S 

Hija, 1S4 

SliugakD-in, lOS 

Kataiua, 140 
Parka.— 

OifD, ASa 

Imperial, 76 

Mai-ayama, 104 

Makaiiooliima, All 
Faw-poiti,9 
I'lijraioiana, 9 

Poet, Imperial Japanut, S 
Fott«ty, 11, a J, LOT, lOS, a 



Ba^B^ji All 

Itai Sasiyo, 'Ilie Tomb of, 107 

Itflji) Mon or Deinnn'a dale, infl 

Rakr.iakii-en at Uikone, MO 

Bailways, 1, 3,6 

Bed CroM Sooiety, Tin KyBto 

BntDoli of tlie, 317 
BenJaiji, A67 
Bei^froJi, 131 



llclradd, lU 
Rolroliam If Iteni^ US 
Mm mi mht dnm 110 
Jlumon WMtrUll, Thi^ 
ByuliDii, AlO 
njvmtk, lU 
II^AMijl 146 

8 



S^^no SluJcido, 154 
Biicjrd, lUi 
8M«yo4iii, 103 

aullOjl, lu3 

ftaik7d,36 

Mmioji, Ai4 

Bduu, A5 

Btkamoio, 161 

8ftluirtii0i, 101 

BiUnmnomijA, A4 

SAmpoiii, IHJ 

Buiju Bandttsn, RS 

Banjo -fiaD^n^d, Ifll 

ftmjd lUilvaj, A4f , A59 

Banapo-in, 171 

8tfnMwa.iio-jBt, All 

Bm HiUiii^ PkoM, AS4, Aflg, 

Aoa, A6S, A61 
Biirmnji. 101 

BiitkipiliarA, AS4 
BiniM, A60 
Bnit'} Ckidio^ 01 
BiOTtiji, 171 

BiiimdMid BediMi^ 7 

CliriiliAB, 7 
BtU Ikidf*, ASO 
Bii<HASil 



llarUiJI«lM . 
8iii79d«i,76 
Bblmo Oaaio, 86 
BbinhgrSfokn, 190 
flhinio Rflifion, Tht, 66 
Bilk aoUi, 6, 10, 107 
BilX BpUuiiiv Ga« rJ7 
Bilk TliiMd and IkmidU, ll.SJi « 

BUk Weant«alNUlii)[%.l96. ' 
Bbini^odo, Oo ( 

BilTOT Foih, U, 106» 107 i 

BUinimn BboniB, 167, lOi; M6 
Bhinaben-en, 167 
Bliinlilft Tpraplt, A41 . 
BliinJoiw* BnAg^ 106 
Bbinknmo JiimIm, 76 
BliimmiM Tampli^ 166 
BhiMDdd, 106 
BlitAhi^itani, 8S 
Bliialiinlan, 76 
Bliiftliitobkkai, A40 
BliddoshiBMi, A67 
BltogniM, 64 

BhogoMiikai, 107 

BlioliiiuiliiiiillMio, A6 
Bhuknknji, 64 

Bli9tQk« Takhi, 76, 164, 186, 
AIS 

BlioanJI, A7 

ffuV^niti Riksri, 166 

Btmiiii, liM 

8o«6 JiiMli% 76 

BitUoo WtU, 76 

Bhopt, PvofiiiBtnl, 6 

Boc^wttim Jimlii, A6 

8Qt:t«wft«o M iobliiM, 146 

Bn|:«shiaia, A65 

BomtDokafm ^joi, 67, 161 

BoBia, Auf 

Bomtjoalii, A6 

BnnliAn456i, A46 




TtiUmori'i t^nteni, 104 
TidotiD, A69 
Tigk Jinslia, M3 

Tftieft, loo 

lai^dfi, 109 
Tuliln KyGkwai, S 
Taik3 BI(k^o«hi, 8, CO, LIS 
Takk Knnnoii, A30 



Tiliknasa, Ilia Tombol Prinae, 



ThlrtMBlh-yMr PUerinue*. IS3 



Tukugawa Slmgiuu, 35 



TaluMco, Afig 
Talwua Tampis, 138 



TakoTakniLi, 191 
Tamba Eftldo, 8 
TumdiBjamft JiDihi, Ag 
Tamtua-iiiKo, 114,183 
Tunnn Bhogoii, TUa Tomb of, 

'laa 
luiai, Frieiit, 173 
TayeuMdon, AU 
1m, 13, 17J 
TM-boDw Qturtsn, Igs 
Telsgnuni, 3a 
TemiD* Teniio, Al 
Tammftn Templo of KlUnn, 148 
Ttmnun Twnpla of Ntpkoka, 

IS3 
T«iiiiDii,A4 



TottijSJi, 167 
Tliealeii, 1Q3, i» 
Tbiid OoU^^ Th«,900 



AU 



Tunonii 

'IhrU. 71 

Taaiija, 06 

TuBluieD, A 37 

Toyolbulu, AaO 

Toyiikuni Jinaba, 118 

Toys, 13, 108 

Tnde, Centm of, AI 

Tiklning Bohool [«a DjKn and 

WMven, 3U 
Tninins School foe NunM, 

DoBhialut, 310 
Tiu, Aid 
Trnkigua, All 
TiQPa-flotaii, SO 
" " Aaa 



UbigilDtolcaia, 103 
UaBUnido, 103 
Cji, 177 

nji-YoiuadS Aig 
Uldmido, A41 
Umsnotniy* Jiniha, 163 
UnkuJiMkD, a 



WtdB JjmK MS 
Widuio-UiMkl, 449 
WtUoalw Trana, 13S 
WMTing Joint SUick Oo^ Jijoto, 



t7 



Wiigliliaid 

H«i|, 44 

HoiMi,48 

0jta,48 

of Xy$la^ Tba, 

T. 



TaMBiHolil,8 
16ft 

ins 

TftOMilo JioaK AU 

TtMka^o Tftihlra^ 100 
Tamffakni Kwabbob, l8ft 
TMbimAi M6 
TMolTnapKllS 
TmIiIo Hill, Ul 
l«ft 



lOf 

Tafogroriy Tht Toaib oi^ 108 

TmmiIb^ l8ft 

Tdliqi,«8 

Todo^la? 

Todo^ifNiorTodo Bhrn. UM^T 

Toklnaalii, A17 

T9r9 WtlvfiU, Tbc, AM 

YowihiH no wmHw, Qt 

Torilono^ 4ft, 4«» IM 

Todiidn Krako, 97 

TodiidA TH^Ii^ 9ft 

TmhimiMi, §7 

Yoihimita, 144 

TothlmiiQ Bwllll«M^ 10ft 

YodiiaiiB taky lot 

YotfaiMsAlS 

Yoriillraiit, 40, lOft 

Ynnny— M Ho4 Qpri^ A17 



ZisWIJ^AM 



§^V®f®'*® ^©t«4 



liSif 



* 




m 




(T. TAD A.) 

— o 

TIIIH FIRST-CLASS HOTEL 
<iiiil:iiiiM tiiniiv <v>nirortnl)l(> nn<l nirv 
nMiiii.«4, just n>m]ilotc*«l mill woll riiniiHli- 
<<«l wiili aII niiivinH*iMt«s. It \h mi 
.<*itunto(l thnt it cxiiiitiiaii(lh tlu* iiiagnifi- 
(T*iit viewH of the river aihI mountains. 

All the toiiriftt/* will In* reH|iertrully 
invitixl and all the waiib^ of them with 
nTerencv tu lMiati« on Uivcr Tc*tiryUy will 
Iw carefully attendevi U\ 

T. TADA (Dtaltr in old writiiici 

pietvrM) 



ft 



'«a*r 



IT a 
It ifS M 



I 



fiiifi-iiWi 

mm m. 

THE] 

I'ASSEN(iEr!S AND THE LUGGUAGE ATIE 

MANAGED WITH HKST (!ATtF>i 



THE UOATHHTOl' 

ftt the liniikft ()f IkixU, iiiitl Nukaiiiicho, Tfltftmi ; from 

wliem ft i-ailway stntiou ia not far. 



Aiot^ tlie huakt of Iba Tanrjn, the Bplendid n 
nitunllj rtretcliiiv, droaaed in the whole LeButteB of eveiy 
■euoD, witli tiM tunnoiiiMtioii ol Uie beautiful IniuLioape 
ftooi tlw mTTouiidiiii! mounbuai. 

GOME! GOME/ 

AND 

Learn Something Ironk this tjploiidid gallery 

of Nature. 

Tetttyo-gmm Ekyoi-bmie Eabnaliiki Owaiihs, 

Itdkolio, yliimoiiu^uri, Sliinano. 







HHAIIVBA 



(SHIN-OORI 8HIGH0ME, WAKAYAMA.) 



iSBBb^vvA ^SbA^b^v V ^ft w tPw 



of 



Toilet oil, (^tuulIeK, nntl Oil for hair. 



BRANCH OFFICK. 

(II(»niinfi(*hi Sliicliicho-tno, Waluiyama) 
Japaiicm Wine brrwer. 



iT4:ir«ilf^ iTHMilrmft«lliUR«i 

KS 5*: ^ *t Dl 



\ 

t 

I 



I 

! 

4 



This prcservitiofi photocopy was made and hand bound at 

BookLab, Inc., in compliance with copyright law. 

The paper is Weyerhaeuser Cougar Opaque 

Natural, which exceeds ANSI 

Standard Z39.48. 1984. 

1993 




AN ovmouK m » tmw sook ■ 

NOT MTURNB) TO T>« LMMUtT ON 
Oft ■tfOWt TM LAST DATI IT AMP ID 

wunr. MOfMwcuPT or ovuoui 

MOTICM DOCa HOT CXCMTT Tf* 

•oAHDwiii rmou ovmom no.