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Full text of "Official proceedings of the Democratic National Convention, held in 1864 at Chicago"



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OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS OF THE 

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, 

HELD IN I86h AT CHICAGO 



by 



Democratic party. 
National convention, Chicago, l86Ii 



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UNIVERSITY 

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THIS BOOK PRESENTED BY 

Francis Nevrbon Thorpe 



OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS 



Janocratk Rational Conkniion 



HELD IN 1864 



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C H I C A. O O : 

IWt TIMES STEAM BOOK AND JOB PRINTINa BOCSlk 

1864. 



Democratic Kational Convention. 



ADJOURNMENT, 



MR. IIA^IILTON ALLRICKS, of Peansylvania : I move that, when this con- 
vention adjourn, it adjourn to mnet at four o'clock this afternoon. 

Mr. C. L. LAMBERTOX, of Pennsylvania : It i.s the desire of those around 
me that we do not now adjourn, but that we proceed now with our organization. I 
believe each delegation has .selected the; individual to represent it on the dilferent 
committees, and I knoAV we want to i^et through with this nomination in 
harmony, and go home with as little delay as possible. I tiiink the gentleman 
from Pennsylvania should withdraw his resolution relative to an adjourn- 
ment, to see if, after a call of the States, we cannot proceed with our organization 
at once. 

Mr. ALLRICKS, of Pennsylvania : I have not moved to adjourn, but have only 
moved to meet at a certain time, after we sluvll ha\e once adjourned, that we may at 
that time hear the report of the Committee on Organization. 

fejMr. VIRGIL IIICKOX, of Illiuoi.'-', said that he had a communication to be pre^ 
sftii-sd to the convention. 

The CHAIRMAN announced that the motion to adjourn to four o'clock this after- 
noon was now before the convention. 

Mr. GEORGE H._ PENDLETON, of Ohio: I move to amend, that when the 
convention adjourn, it adjourn to meet at twelve o'clock to-morrow. 

Mr. L. "W. POWELL, of Kentucky: Before the motion is put, I desire to re- 
mind the convention that under tlie resolution which has been passed, each State is 
required to present a member to act on the Committee on Resolutions. There are 
from the State of Kentuclcy two sets of delegates. They have agreed to act harmo 
niously in this cenvention. [Loud cheers.] "We desire that there shall be one del- 
egate from each of our sejierate delegations aj^pointed on the Committee on Resolu- 
tions. We ask, however, that they have but one vote in the committee. 

The CHAIRMAN: The chair would suggest that the motion is not a motion to 
adjourn, but as to when we shall meet after the adjoui'ument takes place. The gen- 
tleman's motion, therefore, would be out of order. 

Mr. POWELL, of Kentucky: I ask, then, the unanimous con,sent of the conven- 
tion. 

There being no objection offered to the request, 

The CHAIRMAN announced that the motion would be entertained. 

Mr. POWELL, of Kentucky: I move, then, that the Kentucky delegations be 
allowed to have one member from each delegation on the Committee on Resol u- 
tions, but that both have but one vote in the committee. 

Which motion was carried unanimously. 

The CHAIRMAN: The question now recurs on the motion of the gentleman 
from Ohio, that when the convention adjonrn, it adjourn to meet at twelve o'clock to 
morrow. 

Mr. PENDLETON, of Ohio: At the suggestion of several gentlemen in my im- 
mediate vicinity, I wish to modify the motion, by substituting ten o'clock to-mor- 
row for twelve. 

The motion, as modified, was put and lost; whereupon 

The question recurred on the original motion to adjourn to four o'clock to-morrow 
afternoon. 

Mr. WILLIAM ALLEN, of Ohio : We have several working hours of this day 
before us, and may, before we now adjourn, do much to abbreviate the labor and 
the difficulty before us. I believe that the hour to which we should adjourn can be 
better fixed at the adjournment of our deliberations this day, and, therefore, move 
that the motion now before the body be laid upon the table. 

Which motion prevailed. 

DELEGATES FEOM! THE TERRITORIES AND SOUTHEEN STATES. 

Mr. JOHN B. WELLER, of California: I offer the following resolution: 

Resolved, Thiat gentlemen, not exceeding three in number, and Ivnown to be members of the dem- 
ocratic party from each of the organized Territories of the United States, be allowed seats in this 
convention, with the privilege of participating in debate, but without the right to vote. 

Mr. GEORGE W. MORGAN, of Ohio: I move that the motion just offered be 
amended, so as to embrace three delegates from each of the southern States that may 



Democrati& National Coyivention. Y 

be now present, with the right to joia in the debate but not to vote. If our breth- 
ren of the Southern States who desire to return to the Union, are here represented, I 
would wish to see them admitted, f Applause and some faint hisses.] And I would 
BUggest that democrats from the District of Columbia be included. 

The mover of the original resolution accepted the amendment. 

Mr. TILDEN, of New York, came forward, ascended the platform in front of the 
chair, and said: 

Mr. Chairman: Before the question is taken upon this resolution, I wish to ad- 
dress to the delegated representatives of the democratic party a single suggestion on 
this subject. We are assembled here to perform t,he greatest and grandest task that 
any body of men have ever undertaken on this continent We come here under the 
responsibility of a delegation of the organized democracy of our respective States, 
and it is now proposed to introduce among us a considerable number Of gentlemen 
— who knows who ? — to participate in our deliberations. What reason is there for 
admitting three gentlemen, even if they do belong to the democratic party, unac- 
credited to us, from any Territory, any more than the same number of gentlemen 
from any Slate? We might feel inclined to have the Territories represented, but if 
so they should come here acpredited as we are. In my judgment nothing but dan- 
ger, nothing but confusion, nothing but disorder, can result fi'om introducing here 
unknown, irresponsible men, who may wish perhaps to deliver themselves of speeches 
to this solemn and august assembly. [Cheers.] It is necessary, at the very outset, 
that we address ourselves to our great duty in the spirit of our delegated authority. 
With these views and for these reasons I move to lay this resolution and the amend- 
ment thereto on the table. 

Mr. WILLIAM E. NIBLACK, of Indiana: I beg the gentleman to withdraw 
the motion and allow the subject to be referred to the Committee on Credentials. 

Which suggestion was adopted, and the matter was so referred. 

LETTEKS FKOM DELEGA.TKS IN MILITARY PRISONS. 

Mr. CHARLES A. WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky: I hold in my hand a communi- 
cation from each of two delegates to this convention designated by the democracy of 
Kentucky as representatives in this body. But the hand of power — of unlawful and 
lawless power — has been laid upon them and they now rest in prison in our State; 
but from the walls of that prison they desire to address what I hold in my hand to 
this convention, and which I now present and ask to have read. 

The remarks of Mr. Wicklifie were received with enthusiastic applause, at the 
conclusion of which 

The SECRETARY read the letters presented by Mr. Wickliffe, as follows: 

LonisviLLE, Ky., Aug. 26, 1864. 
•' To the Hon. the President of the Chicago Convention: 

"I much regi-et the necessity of my absence from the deliberations of this great national demo- 
cratic council. The most momentous period ia the history of man is now, Mr. President, in the 
hands of your convention. Let me admonish the conven'ion to create and adopt a democratic plat- 
form — a peace platform [loud cheers]; and then put the best man you can agree upon on the plat- 
form, and all will be well. [Cheers.] The platform must secure everything — individuals secure 
nothing. 

" I am now in Louisville, held as a poitical prisoner by the military authorities. Of course, I am 
well and kindly treated by them, so long as they do not hang me. [Laughter and cheers.-] But the 
question occurs to me, ' Is this our country ? ' If it be, then your convention must reassert those 
rights of the sovereignty of the States, and the personal liberty of our citizens under the writ of 
habeas cot-pus and trial by jury. Those rights are now usurped by the party in power. 

" The conventions of our fathers that gave us our liberties, were nothing in importance to be 
compared with the duties of the present convention. Then lay aside personal preferences and act 
to meet the great emergency, and save a bleeding country. Give us our liberty. This war is 
wrong. [Cheers.] 

" A life-long democrat, 

(Signed,) "Joh.v W. Leathers." 

Military Prison, Departmest of Poltticai, Prisoners. I 
Louisville, Aug. 15, 1864. J 

•• To the Chairman of tlie Chicago Miiional Democratic Convention: 

•' The undersigned, one of the delegates at large for the State of Kentucky to your convention, 
and Chairman of the Central Democratic Committee of the State of Kentucky, finding himself un- 
able to perform his duties, in consequence of his incarceration by military despotism, ventures to 
address this communication, through you, to the National Convention, in the hope that it may be 
passed out of this prison by some friendly agency, and may possibly reach its destination if not in- 
tercepted. 



8 Democratic National Oonve?ition. 

"Arrested on the 2d of August; deprived of the right of seeing any friondB or legal co«n*el ; 
robbed of papers referring to the oi-edentralH of the Kentucljy d«'lejKate9 to the Chlcamo convention; 
seeing in the same confinement Vr. A. B. Chambers and Col. J. W. Lea,ther», and not knowing how 
many of the Democratic delfcrates may be prevented, by arrests or by terrorism, from attending \b» 
♦onventlon, I have thought proper to forward this statement of our condition. 

"We are arrested upon vague suspicions. No statement'can be obtained of the charges, tb««p€cifi- 
eations, or the witnesses, if any tht/re be ; nor is any hope held out that we aliall have either triaJ or 
Investigation, however vehement our protestations of innocence. X am guilty of no crime but de- 
votion to democracy, and abhorrence of war. 

"New prisoners are being brought in, and a vague terror fills the public mind. Pincc men seethe 
best and quietest c itizens of the country, engrossed in their private duties or buKinccs, mysteriously 
and suddenly snatched away without assignable cauHe, and kept in the mysterious confinumeDl 
of a political has ile, they cannot but feel that thilr own liberty if very precari'Ais, and that any 
military whim ort the malignity of -a slanderous political enemy or vUlainouB detective may at any 
time work their ruin. 

" Under these circumstances, I desire, on behalf of the Central Democratic Committee, who aM 
»o longer abl« to meet and act as heretofore, to urge upon the convention the necesrity of discoun- 
ttonanclng Mr'. Lincoln's bold schemes for the perpetuation of his despotism, by the aid of a fictitious 
TOte in Kentucky and other border States. There is no freedom of election in Kentucky hot by 
.gi-acimtspermUiion. The life, liberty and property of every citizen are at the mercy of the Prerf- 
dent and his subordinates. It is customary with them to pronounce every man disloyal who Is op- 
posed to Mr. Lincoln, and to the continuance of the present ferocious war. It is customary to take 
from fluch their horses, provisions, slaves, arms, or whatever they may have that their oppressorg 
may fancy, and they esteem it a prlvilej;e if their property is not wantonly destroyed and them- 
selves shot at or imprisoned, as such things occur often enough to create a general alarm. Afev 
weeks since the city of Louisville was guarded by negroes, while it was ransacked to seize and carry 
off, without any pretense of compensation, the horses of the citizens opposed to the party in power. 
" In the last Gubernatorial and Congressional election, the voice of Kentucky was silenced by 
these means (terrorism and robbery), and itis needless to hope for any better treatment at the en- 
suing election. Every one knows that the voice of Kentucky, if it can be uttered, will be overwhel- 
ming for the democratic nominee ; the wildest Jacobin expects no ether result. The democ»atic 
party are, therefore, entitled to demand the benefit of that vote, imd if they shall be defrauded by 
military interference, they can at least assert, with all the majesty of their accumlutated power a« a 
party, that no false vote gotten up under martial law shall be estimated in the coming election. 

" The times are truly alarming. There is no knowing what coup (Telat may he attempted by 
our well organized opponents with their secret societies, their limitless control of the natioual wealth, 
national arms and soldiers, their hordes of negroes and dettciiye spies, tlitir subservient Oongres* 
and State Governors, and their geaeral disregard of laws and oaths to iupport the constitution. 
Nothing can counteract this vast machinery of usurpation, but the firmness of an organized, cen- 
tralized and vigilant party of liberty: It is necessary tliat the National "Democratic Convention, 
•Jut the central representation of the democratic party, should hold its session in permanence, or at 
lea st until the result of the Presidential election is determined, and the alarming criois is passed, if 
not until the great objects, peace and lib'srty, are attained. 

" The present convention was not assembled with the prospect of permanent service, bnt St may 
■cell select from its own ranks, or if need be, from the groups of ruined citiitens in all the State4, 
from twenty-five to fifty of the best, wisest and most esteemed, firm and patriotic citizens, to form 
the Councii of Lil>m-t'/, or national council of democracy, whose voice (shall be heard above th« 
storm of war, guiding the 'riendsof liberty in action, and speaking potential wordB of peace andr«- 
anion to the whole of atom and bleeding country. 

(Signed,) •' J. R. BccBAHAK." 

Mr. CLEMENT L. VALLANDIGIIAM, of Ohio : I move that the States be now 
called, iu order that the chairmau of each delegation may rojiurt the several eom- 
mittee mea, whom I understand have, already been deeignaled by the respective 
delegations. 

DELBGATKS FROM LOTTISIAKA. ,.:, 

The CHAIRMAN suggeste'l that there was etill before the Convention a cotninB- 
nication from gentlemen who claimed to represent the State of Louisiana ; where- 
ttpon 

Mr. VALLANDIGIIAM, suspended his motion to allow the eommunication to b* 
read. 

The SECRETARY thereupon read the communication, as follows: 
" 7b i?ie DenuKraiic Naiional Convention : 

Obntlbmbk: The undersigned delegates, selected by the democracy of the Stat-e of LouisiaBa to 
represent thai SUte in your convention under a call duly signed and published, respectfully rtpre- 
»ent that they have presented their credentials to the National Committee, which body, without a 
heai-ing, have refused tickets of admission as members of the convention. Assuring the convention 
Vhstwe have come in no spirit of disorganiiation, butto unite with the democratic party of the entire 
Union in the glorious work of rescuing the country from this corrupt administration, and believing the 
aemocratic party of the North are ready to unite with us In such a work, we desire that as del^gaVse 
firom Louisiana we be allowed a hearing. 

"Respectfully, 

(Signed) " J. T. Bicdolph, 

" C7iairman of the DeUffaHim." 

Mr. GIDEON J. TUCKER, of New York, moved that the communication be refer- 
j«d to the Committee on Credentials, Carried, 



Democratic ITational Convention. S 

APPOINTMENT OF COMMITTEES. 

The CHAIRMAN then reminded Mr. Vallandigham that his motion would Qow be 
in order ; whereupon 

Mr. VALLANDIGHAM arose, amid vehement applaiise, and renewed his motion 
to proceed with the call of States. 

Mr. JOHN D. STILES, of Pennsylvania : I move, in amendment to the motion, 
t« confine the call to the Committee on Organization alone. Some of the delega- 
tions have not yet selected their representatives on the other committees. 

Mr. VALLANDIGHAM, of Ohio : The Committee on Resolutions will have the 
most laborious duty to perform of any committee of this convention, and this very 
night we can proceed with that work if the committee men are announced. If none 
have been appointed by some of the delegations, those delegations can appoint a 
•ommittee man and announce his name to the other members of the committee and 
he can meet with them. I trust that this motion will be adopted and that we shall 
proceed at once to the transaction of that important business. 

MR. STILES, of Pennsylvania : With the understanding suggested I withdraw the 
amendment. 

The SECRETARY, thereupon called the roll of States for the selection of the 
respective coiUmitteeg. They were finally selected as follows: 

ON OBKDSNTIALS. 

Jfaine — Joseph Titcomb. OAio— Alexander Lon?. 

Jfho Hampshirt — J. S. Bennett. 7n*'ana— Alfred P. Edgsrton. 

Massnchur^i'tH — Joshua D. Ball. i/iinoi.^— William K. Archer. 

Termmt—X. M. Dickey. Michigan — Alpheus Felch. 

fJwnfC^iw;— Alfred E. Burr. Jfmoi/.r!— Robert Wilson. 

Rhode is^iurf— William H. Allen. Minnemia — T. B. LeBlond. 

JP?«j To?*— Sanford E. Church. Wisconniv—B.- W. Smith. 

Mew Jersey — Daniel Holsman. Jowa — M. D. McHenry. 

Ptiinsylvama—VfiWia.mV. McGratk. C(iU.firmia—0 . Wetherill. 

/kiaware — E.L.Martin. Kansas — Orlin Thurston. 

' Maryland — John R. Franklin. Oregon — Benjamin Stark. 
iCwUwcA-y— Nathaniel WoUe. 

ON PERMANSJ;7 ORGANIZATION. 

Ifai.rw—'Philo Clark. OAio— Chilton A. White. 

Mew Jlampshirc — B. W. Harrington, India )ia^Sa.m\iel C. Willson. 

Mansachuseiif, — Phincaa Allen. JUinois — Thomas P. Rogers. 

rermoni — George Washbarn. Michigan — Henry Fralick. 

ConnecUeitt — Lloyd E. Baldwin. i/i-woiwi— Firman A. Rozier. 

Mhode Island — Gideon H. Durfee. Minnesota — C. H. Berry. 

jfinu York — John A. Green, Jr. Wisconsin — Gharles G. RodolpJ). 

Mew Jersey — Theodore F. Itandolph. Irnva—J. H. Murphy. 

ftfnnsylvania — Francis W. Uugh*e. GiJifomia — Thomas Hays. 

7>cteioar'e— James R. Booth. Kansas — L. B. Wheat. 

Jl^a^'•yland—¥,^:nia,mm G. 'Harri?. Orc^ari— William McMUler. 
JC«»ia<3A^— Hamilton Pope. 

OK K^OLUTIONP. 

Maine— John W. Dana. CAio— Clement L. Vallandlghain. 

^v> irampshire—Edmn Pea»«. Jndiarux—Ja,iaeB M. Hanna, 

Jf(J.?*jcAiw«to— George Lunt. JUiriois—S. S. Marshall. 

Termont — T. P. Redfleld. Michigan — Augustus C. Baldwin. 

Connecticut— ChtiT]eB R. Ingcrsoll. Jfwot«ri— Wil'liam A. Hall. 

iIAo<fe ijiiond— Charles 8. Bradley. i/m?ifsoto—E. O. Hamlin. 

»m Yo^rk — Samuel J. Tildcn. Winconsin — Georjre B. Smith. 

JTeu) /erscy-,— Abraham Browning. Jozt'a— James P. Bates. 

I'fnnsylranic^—yViWmm A. Galbrailh. Oilifomia—John}3. Weller. 

Ikiawarc — Charles Brown. Kansas — William C. McDowcU. 

Jfaryiand— Thomas G. Pratt. Oregon— hcDjamm Stark. 
Mtatucky—liivasi Guthrie, ThoB. N. tindwy. 

RESOLUTIONS. 

Mr. E. B. OLDS, of Ohio : I have a resolution I desire to offer for the purpos* 
of having it referred to the Committee on Resolutions, that at some future time the 
attention of the committee and of the Convention liaving been called to it, we may 
hare some action, if such should by this convention be thought proper: 

Rtnolved, That the Committee on Resolutions be instructed to takein^o consideration and report ta 
Mils convention what action, if any, This convention phould t.ake relative to the late military order of 
Gkn. Heintielman, prohibiting the citiiens of the EovereifcTi States ol' the great Northwest from pw- 
ctt!i4iDg tirearms aud ammunition. 



10 Democratic National Convention. 

"Which resolution was referred, under the rule, to the Committee on Resolutions. 
l[r. WASniNGTON HUNT, of New York, offered the following resolutiou : 

liesolved, That ia the future, as hi Hie past, we will adhere with unswerving fidelity to the Union 
and the Constitution, and insist on maiulp-inini; our national unity as the only solid foundation of our 
strength, security and hajipiness as a peo])lc', and as a framework of f,'overnmeut, equally conducive 
to the welfare and prosperity of all the Slates both northern and southern ; and, with a view to ter- 
minate the pending conflict and restore the blessings of peace, we are in favor of an armistice, and of 
earnest, honorable efforts to adjust the terms of settlement and Union on the basis of the constitutloa 
of the United States ; and, for the filTal solution of all ditferences, we would recommend a conven- 
tion of the States to review the constitution, and adopt such amendments and modifications as may 
seem necessary, more fully to insure io each State the enjoyment of all its rights and the undisturbed 
control of its domestic concerns, according to the original Intent and purpose of the Federal com 
pact. 

Which was also referred to the Committoe on Resolutions. 

Mr. THOMAS L. PRICE of Missouri, oSfered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That, in this great crisis of our national history, the freedom and sacred right of freemen 
secured to us by the blood of our fathers, and the guarantees of the consfitution, must be maintained 
against all assaults, intimidation, or interference ; and we hereby pledge, each to the other, and all 
of us to our common country, our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honors, to make common cause 
with the people of any and every State where the same may be assailed or trampled upon ; to the end 
that the constitutional expression of the popular will and the inestimable right of self-government 
may be secured for ourselves and our posterity. 

Which was also referred to the Committee on Resolutions.' 

Mr. ALEXANDER LONG, of Ohio, tiddresscd the chair to ofTcr a resolution. 

Mr. S. S. COX, of Ohio : I do not wish to cut off the resolution of my colleague 
about to be oil'ered, but I move, sir, that all resolutions coniing from individual del- 
egates bo referred to the Coniniittee on Resolutions without reading. 

Mr. VALLANDIGHAM, of Ohio : I make the point of order that tlie gentle- 
man's motion is ruled out by the reading already of several resolutions, and that 
there is a prior motion now pending. 

Mr. COX, of Ohio: I do not object to the reading of the resolution of my col- 
league. After it shall have been read I think this convention had better determine 
to lay before the Committee ou Resolutions everything that may come before it in a 
proper way. 

Mr. LONG then read the following resolution: 

Resolved, That a committee, to be composed of one member from each State represented in this 
Convention, to be selected by the respective delegations thereof, be appointed for the purpose of pro- 
ceeding forthwith to the city of Washington, and, on behalf of this convention and the people, to ask 
Mr. Lincoln to suspend the operation of the pending dra t for £00,000 more men until the people 
shall have an opportunity through tlie ballot box in a free election, — uninfluenced in any manner by 
military orders ormilitary interference,— of deciding the question, now fairly presented to them, of 
war or peace, at the approaching election in November ; and that said committee be and they are here- 
by instructed to urge upon Mr. Lincoln, by whatever argument they can employ, to stay the flow 
of fraternal blood, at least so far as the pending draft will continue to augment it, until the people, 
the source of all power, shall have an opportunity of expressing their will for or against the further 
prosecution of the war in the choice of candidates for the Presidency. 

Which was also referred to the Committee on Resolutions. 
Mr. W. W. EATON, of Connecticut, offered the following resolution: 
Resolved, That the Committee on Resolutions be instructed to report as soon as practicable, and 
that no ballot be taken for candidates for President or Vice President until such report shall be made 
and adopted. 

Mr. EATON subsequently asked leave that his resolution might lie on the table 
for further consideration hereafter. 

Mr. ALLRIGKS, of Pennsylvania, presented the following, which was handed to 
the Secretary and by him read to the convention : 

" We, the representatives of the democratic party of the United Slates of America, in national 
convention assembled, for the purpose of nominating candidates for the high offices of President 
and Vice President, to be voted for at the ensuing election, point with pride and satisfaction to the 
past history of our common country, her great and marvelous prosperity, under democratic admin- 
istration. Therefore, in order to restore and preserve the integrity of our once happy Union, re- 
establishjustice and domestic tranquility throughout our borilers, promote the general welfare, 
and secure the return of the blessings of liberty vouchsafed to us by our forefathers, we here renew 
and declare our unalterable attacluuent to the "Union, and that it muS. be preserved in its integrity. 
Believing that the desirable object can be obtained, if we profit by the wisdom of our forefathers, we 
here adopt as our sure and broad plat form the constitution of the United States in its length and 
breadth, and pled'^'e our candidates to maintain, preserve, protect, and defend the same. 

Resolved, That ive cannot view with indifference the open repudiation and violation of the Monroe 



Democratic National Convention. 11 

doctrine, the establishment of an empire on the ruins of a neighboring republic ; and that we view 
with greater alarm and distrust the fearful strides of the general administration at our national capi- 
tal towards despotism, in their repeated interference with State rights, witli the liberty of speech, 
of the press, and the right of private property ; wherefore, we call on all true and incorruptible pa- 
triots to lay aside their partisan prejudices, to look our bleeding country's troubles in the face, 
calmly to consider the fearful waste of blood and treasure through the unwise acts and misguided 
policy of the present national administration, and assist in cliauging our rulers, that we may rescue 
our beloved country and the liberties of 'he people from certain ruin. 

Jiesolued, That we will use all honorable means known to civilized nations to bring to a speedy 
termination the unhappy dilficulties that disturb our country. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

Mr. JOHN A. GREEN, of New York: I move that when this convention ad- 
journ it adjourn to meet to-morrow morning at ten o'clock. 

"Which motion prevailed. 

Mr. VALLANDIGIIAM, of Ohio, rising, was greeted with loud cheering and 
cries, ''Take the platforrj." He finally stepped to the platform, and merely 
gave notice thai the Committee on Resolutions would meet in the evening-at eight 
o'clock, at the rooms of the New York delegation in the Sherman House. 

The SECRETARY also gave notice that the Committee on Credentials would meet 
in the evening at No. 5 Tremont House; and that the Committee on Organization 
would meet in the evening at seven o'clock at the rooms of the Pennsylvania delega- 
tion at the Tremont House. 

The Convention then adjourned until ton o'clock on Tuesday morning. 



. SECON» DAY. 

Tuesday, Augrist 30. 

The Convention reassembled, pjirsuant to adjoiirnment, at ten o'clock in the fore- 
noon. Tue galleries of the amphitheatre were densely crowded long before the 
hour for the re-assembling of the convention. Every foot of standing room in the 
immense building was occupied, while many hundreds of people, unable to gain ad- 
mission, were compelled to reijiiain outside. 

Hon. WILLIAM BIGLER, of Pennsylvania, temporary chairman, called the del- 
egates to order, and announced that the proceedings of the convention would now 
he. resumed with 

DEV0TI0NA7^ EXEKCISES. 

Right Rev. -HENRY J. WHITEHOUSE, Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the Diocese of Illinois, then came forward, and introduced the opening 
religious service by stating that a portion of the Psalter would be read, and request- 
ing all the audience to join audildy in the Lord's prayer at the close. He then 
read Psalm 127— verses 1, 2; Psalm 133 and Psalm 122— verses G, 7, 8, 9, in the 
version of the Liturgy, after which he proceeded as follows: 

Let us pr^y : 

[Prayer for the OmretUion and Pe»ple.'\ 

Most Mighty God, King of Kings, Lord of Lords, wltliout whose care the watchman waketh but 
in vain, we implore In this our time of need Tiiy succor i\nd blessing in behalf of all the people of 
tills land, and especially of this assembly solemnly convened in the awful trust of popular govern- 
ment, and met together to consult on the interests of our afflicted country in the responsibility and 
loyalty of citizenship. Remember not our many and great transgressions; turn from us the judg- 
ments we feel and fear ; and give us wisdom to discern, and courage to attempt, and faithfulness to 
do, and patience to endure, whatever shall be well pleasing'ln Thy sight. 

Direct and prosper all events and counsels to preserve the union of these States and maintain the 
constitution, so that truth and justice, brotherly kindness and charity, unity and concord, may be 
the stalnlity of our times and make this nation a praise in the earth. We acknowledge? our unwor- 
thiness, and the gi-ievous sins which have provoked Thy judgment to lay us thus in " a place of dark- 
ness, and in the deep." Let our cry enter into Thine ear, and in our triumphs and our sorrows let 
us look only to Thee as the Author of strength, the Giver of victory, the Consolation of the afflicted, 
and the Healer of our woes. Renew and increase in us a spirit of love and thankfulness, of peace- 
able obedience to Thy laws and of fervent zeal for Thy holy faith. Subdue anger, prejudice and 
rain glory. Take away all ignorance, hardness of heart, and detracting passions. Cause thy face 
to shine on our desolations, and fetch home, blessed Lord, those who have gone from us, that we 
may again become one In the goodly heritage which Thou gavest to our fathers. Slay Tliy chastend 
ings yield the peaceable fruits of righteousness, that at last we may rejoice in Thy deliverances 
through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen , 



12 Democratic Kational Convention. 

[Pr(iy»rf(/r ovr liuUn.'] 

Grant, Lord, to all such as are intnist,e<l with the government and protection of the natioB, 
Thy most griicious support and guidaiioe. Graft in their hearts a deep Bcuse of dependence open 
Thy wiBdom, power and faror, and incline them with all Immility to seek the same. Make Thy 
word to be their lij?ht and Thine arm their strenjfDi. Under their heavy burdenH be Thou their choHen 
refuge and consolation. By their counsel and nitasures, with Thy blessing, may the wounds of th« 
nation be speedily healed and Thy people be glad in the peace and love of Thy salvation, through 
J«8U8 Christ our Lord. .Amen. 

[IVayerfor aw Fences and/or all in Sufftirin^.] 

God, Most Mighty and Most Gracious, by whom tlie hairs of our head are all numbered, w« 
implore Thy blessing and protection for all who have gone forth for our de ence by land and water. 
In every duty and danger be their present help. In all privations and Hutferlngs give them patience 
and resignation, and a heart to Bcek their comfort in Thee. O father of Mercie/i : We lly unto Thee 
for succor, in behalf of all thope who are sutfering in mind, body or estate, in Uie' calamities of this 
season of war. The more their sorrows press hard upon tt'em, the more let the comforts x>f Thy 
mercy and pity abound towards them. Vltit with Thy consolation the sick, the wounded, the priso- 
ner, the poor and distressed and all deprived of relatives and friends. Me the Father of the 
fatherless, the God of the widow, the solace of parents bereaved of their children. Kaise up, for 
the downcast and stricken, friends to pity, and minister to their several necessities. Kelieve the dis- 
tressed, protect the innocent, and awaken the guilty. Prepare to meet Thee, all who shall die in this 
conflict, giving them true repentance, lively faith, and sincerity of heart, that they may be Thine 
in the day when Thou makest up Thy jewels, through Him who liveth and reiguetb with Tliee U)d 
the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen. 

[Prayer /or Unity and Pnicf..'] 
God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, our only Savior and Prince of Peace, glv us grace 
seriously to lay to heart the great dangers we are in by our unhappy divisions. Take away all hatred 
and prejudice, selfishness, pride and vain glory, that may hinder us from godly union and concord. 
Settle the flocks of Thy people in pence, and remove all offences and make this desolating war lo 
oease throughout our land. R(sU)re to us the blessings of peace, and secure them to our children's 
children. May the Prince of Peace come, and reigning in our hearts and lives, nnite us in Ihe 
bonds of national love, in unity of counsel, purity of purpose, and the supreme aim of the advance- 
ment of religion and virtue, and the pi-ace, good order, and welfare of the whole nation so that we, 
Thy people, and the .sheep of Thy pasture, united in the bonds of truth, of faith, and charity, may 
glorify Thee in Thy peace and love. Cod our Savior, who art the hope of all the ends of th« 
earth and to whom with the Father and Holy Ghost, be all honor and praise, world without eod. 
Artten. 

[T/ie Lords Prayer.] 

Om- Father who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name ; Thy kingdom come, Thy will be 4«ne on 

earth, as It is in heaven. Givensthis day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespastxjs as w« 

forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; hut deliver us from tvil ; 

for thine is the kingdom, and the power and the glory, for ever and ever. Am*H. 

[Thf Bemdiction.] 

The Peace of God, which passeth all und«rstnnding, keep your hearts and minds In the knowl- 
edge and love of God and of His Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Theblessini'of the Lord Almighty, tb« 
Patlier, the Son, and the Holy Ghost be among you and remain with you forever. 

The SECRETARY was about to read the proceedings of the first day's eeseion. 
when 

Mr. WILLIAM H. MILLER, of Pennsylvania, moved that the reading of Hi* 
minutes be dispensed with. Carried. 

KEPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON" CBEDENTIALS. 

Mr; M, D. McHENRY, of Iowa, Chairman of the Committee on Credentials, re- 
ported as followa: 

"The Committee on Credentials examined the credentials of the Bcreral delegates claiming Beats 
ib this convention, and found them correct. 

"In regard to the delegation from Kentucky we find that, on the 5."th day of May last a conven- 
tion of conservative democratic Union men, under a call from the committee appointed by the Union 
Convention of last ye.".r, assembled at Louisville, and appointed and accredited a full delegation to 
this convention, who were James Guthrie and otters ; and on the 2Sth day of June a convention wa« 
held under a call for a democratic convention, which appointed and accredited a full delegation, who 
were Charles A. WicklilTe and others. 

" Your committee, recognizing both of these dele.gations as composed of gentlemen devoted to the 
constitution and the Union, and fully sympathising with this convention in its objects, recommend 
that they both be received and have membership as delegates from Kentucky, each delegation (♦ 
cast half the rotes to which the State is entitled. 

" Respectfully submitted, 
(Signed,) " M. D. McHekbt, 

"Chairman." 

Mr. WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky: I move that the report of the committee be re- 
eeived and adopted. 
"Which motion wae carried. 



Democratic National Convention, 



IS 



LIST OF DKLEGATES. 
The following is a complete list of delegates, showing, as far aa practicable, their T 
fall names and residences, together wilh the names of alternate delegates, wherever 
She same were chosen : ■ 

MATNE. 
fJcli^aUs at Large. 
Gorham L. Uoyntoii, IJangor, ' 
John W. Dana, Fryebui-fr, 
William P. llaliies, Beddford. 
Richaid D. JUce, Augusta. 
'District Dekffates. Alter rhaits. 

P'.rst District Pylvanua R. Lyman, Portland, Not appointed, 

Joseph Titoomb, Keqnebunk, Not appointed, 

Second David Hammons, Betljel, A. C. Ilowaid, Auburn, 

, riiilo Clark, Turner, , Moses Riot's, Oorgetown, 

Ttdrd Joseph E. Smith, Wiscasset, No' appointed, 

Charles A. White, Gardiner, Not appointed, 

fourth Marcellus Emeiy, li^ingor, Chaj-ks \V. Roberts, Bangor, 

Henry Hudson, Guilford, Jo8ei)h Cliase, iJover, 

Kft* William H. Simpson, Jonathan White, Rockland, 

Jamea R. Talbot, East Machia^, Thomas D. Jonen, Ellsworth. 

VERMONT. 

DdepaUsatjAirge. AUcmaUt. 

H. B. Smith, Milton, N. H. Armington, BaicersQeld, 

Lewis 8.- Partridge, Norwich, Alexanjler McLane, Fjiiree, 

John Cain, Rutland, A. M. HalinDr, Bennington, 

T. P. Redfield, Montpelier, J. M. Weeks', Lyndon. 
District Ddegatss. AlterruUfS, 

First District, Isaac McDaniels, Rutland, J John McKeogh, 

A. M. Haling, Bennington, Not appointed. 

Second, Asa M. Dickey, Bradford,' Harry N. Worthen, 

George Washburn, Springfield, P. G. Skinner, 

Tbu:(3. ."Benjamin H. SmiUley, Swantou, Not ai)pointed, 

R. G. Hopkinson, Not appointed. 
NEW HAMPSHIRE. 
[DflegatfMchcled from Councillor Districts.] 
District Delegates. Alt-emates. 

PJrst Diatrict John H. Pearsoji, Cqncord, Aaron Whittemore, Pembroke, 

John S. Bennett, Newmarket, Williani ('. Webster, Kingston, 

S.e«ond Paul A. Stackpole, J. C. Kastman, 

Edwin Pease, E, A. Ilil)bard, 

TJytrd. George Stark, Nashua, C.H.Burns, 

Edward W. Harrington, Manchester, C. W. Stanley, 

Hourth. . . .• Don H. Woodward, Keenc, Frederic Vose Walpol*-. 

Albert S. Wait, Newport, Edmund L. I'ushing, Charleston, 

JHCtl). John G. Sinclair, ' William A. Putney, ' 

Jarcd W. Williams, John Hitchcock. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 
DeU{iat«s at Large. Alkrnaies, 

Josiah G. Abbott, BoHton, Oliver Stevens, 

Isaac Davis, Woiicester, George W. Bentley, 

Erasmus p. Beaoh, Springfield, D, N Carpenter, 

J. D. Thompson, Charles Ueebner. 

Disti'ict Delegatf.s, ^AUernalfB. 

test District S, B. Phinney, Barnstable, Alexander Baxter, Yarmouth, 

W, C, N, Swift, New Bedford, E. W. Allen, "Nantacket, 

Se<x>sd., Caleb Stetson, Braintree, Alexander Lincoln, Hingham, 

James S. Maguire, Randolph, Edwin R. Clark, Sharon, 

TUrd Joshua D. BAll, Boston, J. M. Wightman, Boston, 

George Lunt, Boston, Benjamin Dean, Boston, 

fkXtrth Michael Doherty, Boston, D. C, Kelly, Boston, 

Knowlton S. Chaffee, Boston, William Mun ay, Boston, 

Ufai Richard S. Spolford, Newbnryport, Lemuel B. Usher, Lynn, 

William D. Northend, Salem, Charles P. Thompson, Glouceatec, 

Hxth Jahn K. Tarbox, Lawrence, Fredrick 0, Prince, 

E. T. Swift. Charlestown, J. U. Carlrnn, 

aeraatb A. N. Brown, Lowell, John B. Walcott, Natick, 

William G. Lewis, Fr.'imingham, A. J. Haj-low, Concord, 

j^ghth... Orison Woodward, MUford, Henry A, Aldrich, Mendon, 



14 Democratic National Convention. 

GeovRp no'lges, Oxford, Henry H. Steven, Du.lley 

Minth Calvin W. Shaltuck-Coleraine, Lrvi Haywood, Gaidner 

^ Lewis Bodman, Williamsburg, -VVilliam H. Fuller, -Whatclj-, 

rrenth Phineas Allen, I'ittsfieia, liusgell C. Drown, 

lleuben Noble, Wtstfield, Joliii ISoyle. 

KHODK ISLAND. 

Delegates at Large. 

. Charles S. Bradley, Providence, 
Gideon Bradford, Providence, 
Alfred Anthony, Providence, 
Thomas A. Ueynolds. East Greenwich. 
District Delfyntts 
First District.... Ebene/.er W. Walker, Providence, 
Gideon II. Durfee, Tiverton, 

Second Isaac Lawrence, Newport, 

William H. Allen, Allen. 

CONNECTICUT. 
Delegates at Large. 
William W. Eaton, Hartford, 
Charles K. Infrersoll, New Haven, 
William M, Converse, Norwich, 
George Taylor, Litchfield. 
District Ddi-gaU'H. 
First District. ..Alfred E. Burr, Hartford, 
Charles F, Sumner, 

Second Nathan A. Baldwin, 

Samuel Arnold, 

Third Frederick L, Allen, 

Lloyd E. Baldwin, 

Fourth ■William F, Taylor, 

Roland Hitchcock, 
NEW YORK. 
Dekgat^s at Larffe. 
Horatio Seymour Albany, 
Dean Kichmond, Buffalo, 
Isaac Butts, Rochester, 
August Belmont, New Tork, 
Di-strict Delegates, 

First District Jacob Piatt Carll, 

Abraham G. Thompson, Babylon, 

Second John G. Shoemaker, Brooklyn, 

Thomas Kinsala, Brooklyn, 

Third Samuel D. Morris, Brooklyn, 

Thomas U. Farron, ;Brooklyn. 

Fourth Daniel E. Delevan, New York, 

Henry McMahon, New Y'ork, 

Fifth Oswald Ottendorber New Y'ork, 

Ignatius Flynn, New York, 

gixth John Kelly, New Y'ork, 

Henry Hilton, New York, 

Seventh Michael Connolly, New York, 

Luke F. Cozzans, New York,J 

Eighth John McKeon, New York, 

' Gideon J, Tucker, New Y'ork, 

Klnth Samuel J. Tilden, New York 

Thomas McSpedon, New Y'ork, 

Tenth Abraham B. Conger, HaverstraW, 

William Radford, Yonkers, 

Eleventh Eugene A. Brewster, Newburg, 

George Bennett, Monticello, 

Twelfth Robert E. Andrews, Hudson, 

William Chamberlain, Barrytown, 

TWrteenth Manly B. Maltice, Durhamville, 

Jacob Hardenburgh, Kingston, 

Fourteenth Amasa J. Parker, Albany, 

N. P. Hinman, Scoharie Court House, 

Fifteenth James S. Thayer, Hoosick Falls, 

Emerson E. Davis, Whitehall, 

Sixteenth Jesse Gay, Plattsburg, 

Augustus C, Hand, Elizabe'htown, 
Seventeenth . . . .William J. Averill, Ogdensburg, 

Darius W. Lawrence, Moira, 
Eiirbtcfntb Livingston Spraker, Palatine Bridge, 



Democratic National Convention. 15 

David T. Lamb, Waterford 
Nineteenth Alfred Clark, Hyde, 

Slierwood S. Merritt, Oxford, 
Twentieth William I. Skinner, Little Falls, 

Levi U.Brown, Watertown, 
Twenty-first J. Thomas Spripgs, Utica, 

Cr. A. Sanford,Durhamville, 
Twenty-second... Sidney T. Fairchild, Cazenovia, 

Willard Johnson, Fulton, 
Twenty-third John A. Green, Jr. Syracuse, 

Frederick Hyde, 
Twenty-fourth William 0. Beardsley, Auburn, 

Edwin M. Anderson, Palmyra, 
Twenty -fifth Benjamin F. Angel, Geneseo, 

Henry 0. Cbeesebro, Canandaisua, 
Twenty-sixth John J. Taylor, Owego, 

E. P. Dey, Watkyns, 
Twenty-seventh.. Marshall B. Champlain, Cuba, 

Luman A. Ward, Hornellsville, 
Twenty-eighth SanfordE. <.hurch, Rochester, 

William C. Rowley, Rochester, 
Twenty-ninth Washington Hunt, Lockport, 

Linus W. Thayer, Warsaw, 
Thirtieth John Ganson, BulTalo, 

A. P. Laning Buffalo, 
Thirty-first John C. Devereux Ellicottville, 

Hiram C. Miner, Dunkirk, 

NEW JERSEY. 
Delegates at Large, 

John P. Stockton, Trenton, 

Daniel Holsman, Passaic, 

Abraham Browning, Camden, 

Theodore Runyon, Newark. 
District Bflegates, 
First District Ebenezer Westcott, 

Joseph W. Reeves, 
Second Job H. Gaskill, Burlintrton, 

Joseph D. Bidle, Freehold, 
Third Benjamin M. Price, Norway, 

James K. Swayze, Hope, 
Fourth Albert A. Hopper, Paterson, 

Andrew B. Colib, Parsippany, 
Fifth Theodore F. Randolph, Jersey City, 

William H. Camp, Newark. 

PENNYSLVANIA. 

DeU/jatcs at Large. 

George W. Cass, Pittsburg 
William Bigler, Clearfield, 

■\Villiam V. McGrath. 
District Delegates. 

First District .... Samuel G. King, 

George W. Nebinger, 
Second William M. Reiley, 

G. AV. Iiwin, 
Third William Curtis, 

Simon W. Arnold, 
Fourth William A. Burnell, 

Isaacs. Cassin, 
Fifth H. P. Ross, 

Charles W. Carrigan, 
Sixth JohnD. Stiles, 

Perry M. Hunter, 
Seventh Jolm H. Brinton, 

John 0. Bealty, 
Eighth J. Glancy Jones, 

William Rosenthal, 
Ninth Gewge Sanderson, 

Henry A. Wade, 
Tenth Francis W. Hughes, 

0. B. Gloninger, 
Eleventh Philip Johnson, 

Charlton Burnett, 
Twelfth Charles Dennison, 

A. J. Garrettson, 



u 



ifemocratic National Convcntio7i, 



Thirteenth John F. MeanB, 

J)ttTl<l Lowenbertr, 
Fourteenth Hamillon Alliick.s, 

■William Miller, 
Fifteenth Peter A. K^lkr, 

II. 0. E^olt, 
Sixteenth Henry J. KiaWc, 

15. F. Meyers, 
Bevent«enth U. Jjruce Petriken, 

Daniel M. Dule, 
Eighteenth Joliu H. Orvis, 

Stephen Pierce, 
NIne'eenth C. L. Laiuhertoii, 

Jiiuies K. Kerr, 
Twentieth.' Thomas B. Searight, 

John Latta, 
Twenty first 'Wiliiam A Galhraith 

"William A. Widlace, 
Twenty-second. WiUia.ui D. Pattereon, 

Samuel P. Koss, 
Twenty-third... James A. McCulIough, 

Vrank M.'.Uutcliinson, 
Twenty-fourtli. .David Crawford, 

Daniel M, Douahoe. 

DELAWARE. 
DeUgates at Large. AVernata. 

James A. Bayard, James K. Boothe, 

John Merritt, William Bright, 

Charles Brown, Georpe W. Cummings, 

Eli Saulibury. John W. Hall. 

District Dehffatce. Altemaiet. 

.Willard Saul*ury, Alfrod P. Robineon, 

Edward L. Mai'tiu. E. Hickman, 

MARYLANT). 

DeUga 1m alLavgr. 

R. B. Carmichael, 
Isaac D. Jones, 
Benjamin . Harris, 
Thomas G. Pratt. 

District Ddegatts. 

Flr«t District. . . .ftiram McCulIough, 

John R. Franklin. 
Second William Kimmel, 

Georpe H. Carman, 
Third A. Leo Knott, 

James A. L. McClure, 
Fourth Not reported, 

Not reported. 
Fifth Oden Bowie, 

Sprigg Harwood. 

OHIO. 

Delegates at Larg'.. 

Wiiiiam Allen, 

George II. Pendleton, Cincinnati, 

Allen 0. Thurman, 

Kufus P. Ranuey, Cleveland. 
DUslrict Dtleyatia. 
First District George Fries, Hamilton, 

George N. Miirtin. Hamilton, 
Second C. J. W. Smith, Hamilton, 

Alexander Long, Hamilton, 
Third Clement L. Vallandigham, Montgomery, 

Chris Hughes, Butler, 
Fourth John L. Winne,^Darke, 

David Loudenljack, Champaign, 
Fifth George M. Baxter, Allen, 

C. W. Cowan, Auglaize, 
Sixth Chilton A. White,' Brown, 

J. M. Trimble, Highland, 
Serenth Samuel S. Cox, Franklin, 

Saranel Medary, Franklin, 
Bighth J»hn Y. Glesaner, Richlaad, 

Peyton Hord, Marlon, 



Democratic Katlonal Convention. 



17 



First District. 

Second 

Third 

Fourth 

Fifth 

Sixth 

Seventh 

Eighth 

Ninth 

Tenth 

Elerentli 



Ninth Charles Powers, Sandusky, 

A. M. Jackson, Crawford, 
Tenth E. S. Piatt, Lucas, 

Kihvin Plielps, Delinuce, 
Eleventh ■\Vllliiim Ne\nna!n, Scioto, 

David (J. Vance, Adams, 
Twelfth E. B. Eshelman, Koss, 

EdsonB. Olds, Fairfield, 
Thirteenth George W. Morgan, Knox, 

l'l.». 1, 6 Folk'lH UckinL', 
Fourteenth Thomas J. Kenny, Ashland, 

James A. Estill, Holmes, 
Fifteenth James R. Morris, Monroe, 

M. D. Follett, Washington, 
Sixteenth David W. Stambaugh, Tuscara 

J. H. Collins, Belmont, 
Seventeenth Archibald McGregor, Stark, 

John H. Wallace, Columbiana, 
Eighteenth Slichael S-tuart, Portage, 

Samuel W. Gilson, Mahoning, 
Nineteenth ..A'aa K. Humpln'ey, f^ummit, 

Jabez W. Fitch, Cuyahoga. 

INDIANA. 
Ddegak' at Lrirrje. 

Joseph E. McDonald, Marion, 

.Tames M. Ilanna. Sullivan, 

AVilliam E. Nibliick, Knox, 

A. P. Edgerion, Allen, 

Vidtrict DeJegaifs. 
. . A. T. Whittlesey, Vanderburg,' 

Cutler S. Dobbins, Martin, 
..Levi Sjiarks, Clarke, 

John L. Menaugh, Washington, 
, AVilliain McKwen, Bar: holemew, 

Mcde W. Shields, Jackson, 
, .Marcus Levey, Dearborn, 

John 8. Campbell, Kush, 
. .Luse Develin, Wayne, 

William P. Applegate, Fayette, 
..A. B. Conduitt, Morgan, 

H. II. Dodd, Marion, 
..John Or. Davis, Vigo, 

Andy Humphreys, Oreen, 
..Samuel C. Willson, Montgomery, 

E. F. Lucas, Warren, 
..J. A. Taylor, Cass, 

Horace Corbin, Marshall, 
..David H. Colerick, Allen, 

E. V. Loni,',*Kosciusko, 
. .S. P. Milligan, Huntington, 

David Studabaker, Adams, 



AUcrnaUs. 
Julius Boettichcr, Marion, 
John Pettit, Tippecanoe, 
James W. Gaf!', Dearborn, 
Samuel A.Hall, Cass. 

Alternates. 
S. M. Holcomb, Gibson, 
George E. Green, Knox, 
Hamilton Smith, Perry, 

A. M. Black, Orange, 
Sylvanus Manvill, Brown, 
Thomas Arnistrong, Switzerland, 
W. H. Dodd, Ohio, 
James B. Foley, Decatur, 
Charles Gough, Henry, 
Eli Pigman, I'nion, 

B. W. Cooper, Hancock, 
W. H. Jennings, Johnson, 
Melvin McKee, Putnam, 
Stephen G. Burton, Sullivan, 
William A. Sangster, Fountain, 
J. C. Applegate, Carroll, 
William B. Loughbridge, Miami, 
John C. Walker, Laporle, 
Charles W. Seeley, Elkhart, 
S. W. Sprott, DeKalli, 
Newton BromcU, Wells 
Howai'd Coe, Grant. 



KENTUCKY. 



First District. 

Second 

Third 

Fourth 

Fifth 

Sixth 

Seventh 

Eighth 



lingular Democrati 

JOelegates at Lxrge. 

Charles A. Wickliffe, 

Lazuruz W. Powell, 

J. R. Buchanan, 

William B. Read, 

DUtrict Delegates. 
.L. S. Trimble, 

G. W. Ratclitf, 
.William Sweeney, 

L. M. Bernard, Trigg, 
.Travis Cockrill, Barren, 

A. C. Finlcy, Logan, 
.Charles G. Wintersmith, Hardin, 

E. A. Graves, Marion, 
.Joshua F. Bullitt, 

Nathaniel Wolfe, Jefferson, 
. Robert Richardson, 

Robert Q. Terrell, 
.Thomas N. Lindsey, Franklin, 

Jesse S. Burrows, 
.E. F. Halloway, 

William B. Smith, 



a Dtlryjatiim,. 



Alienwtes. 
John W. Leathers, Kenton, 
W.A.Dudley, 
R. C. Palmer, 
L. M. Cox, 

Altemat.s. 
James FJeming, 
William Nolen, 
R. R. Houston, 
William P. D. Bush, 
George C. Rogers, Warren, 
John Doanan, Hart, 
R. C. Palmer, Washington, 
William J. Heady, Bullitt, 
Asa P. Gi'over, Owen, 
James Speer, Oldham, 
William M. Fisher, 
0. P. Hogan, Grant, 
Ambrose W. Dudley, Franklin, 
George W. Craddock, Franklin, 
Not appointed, 
Not ajipointed, 



1'8 Democratic N'ational Convention. 

Ninth Thomas Turner, Montgomery, J. M. Alexander^,- 

"Van B. Young, Bath. ., Kot appointed. 

Uiiion Bemocratk Delegation. 
Delegates at large. Aitcmat^s. 

James Guthrie, Louisville, R. T. Jacobs Oldham 

James F. Robinson, Scott, Zeb. Ward, Woodford. 

Joseph R. Underwood, Warren, Benjamin Perkins, Todd, 

T. T. Garrard, Clay. James White, Clay. 

VMriH Del-gates. Alternate!. 

First District .T. K. Thompson, Trigrg. w. W. Gardner, Union. ' 

S. P. Cope, McOracken. William Bfadles, Graves. 

Second John B. Bruner, Breckenrldge. B. L. 1). (iulTy Butler 

„^. , l^'^'^'y.?,-, ?I*="£.n''y, Ohio, J. K. strange, Mecklenburg. 

Third J. C. Ailkms, Warren. J. F. Lauck, Simpson. 

I>avid King, I.ogan. J. Dawson, Hart, 

J^ourth .Tames P. Barbour, Washington. Thomas W. Owing?, M^ade 

S. B. Thomas, Hardin. Jos.ph Chandler, Taylor. ' 

■I'l"" Hamilton Pope, Louisville. Gibson Mallory, Jefferson, 

J. B. English, Owen. H. M. Buckley, Uenry, 

Slsth Thornton F. Marehall, Bracken. K. H. Smith, Grant, 

.Tohn W. Menzier, Keaton. S. T. Hauser, Pendleton. 

Seventh Richard W. Hanson, Bourbon, John B. Huston, Fayette. 

Thomas W. Varnon, Lincoln. John B. Temple, Franklin, 

Eighth K. L. ^anwinkle, Pulaski, C. E. Bowman, Garrard, 

W J. Lusk Garrard. Henry Bruce, Garrard, 

*"=^*'' i?'»n ^l- Duke, Mason. R. Apperson, Jr., Montgomery, 

W. L. Sudduth,Balh. John Wood, Lewis. 
ILLINOIS. 
Delegates at Large. AUcrnata. 

.Tohn M. Douglas, Chicago William M. Jackson, 

Samuel S. Marshall, Hamilton, George W. Wall, 

John n, Caton, Lasalle, Samuel K. Casey, 

Peter Sweat, Peoria. B. S. Prettymaii, 

District Delegates. AltemaU^. 

First Disti-ict Melville W. Fuller, Chicago, Lambert Tree, Chicago, 

B. G. Caulfield, Chicago, John C. Garhind, Chicago, 

Second A. M. Harrington Kane, William Price, Lake, 

J. S. Ticknor, Winnebago, Thomas Hopkins, DeKalb, 

Third David Sheean, Jo Daviess, Samuel Straw der, Whiteside, 

J. B. Smith, Stephenson, George D. Bead, Ogle, 

Fourth Thomas Redmond, Adams, Dennis Smith, Hancock, 

Azro Patterson. Warren, G. W. Gates, Rock Island, 

Fifth William W. O'Brien, Peoria, Thomas McGee, 

Justus Stephens, Bureau, George Dent, Putnam, 

Sixth R. N. Murray, Kankakee, John Thompson, DuPage, 

Lewis Steward, Kendall, P. A. Armstrong, Grundy, 

Seventh Heiry Piather, Macon, John GaiTard, 

Joseph Bodman, Philip Meyer, 

Eighth Thomas L. Rogers, McLean, Samuel Maxwell, Livingston, 

. Virgil Hickox, Sangamon, A. M. Miller, Logan, 

Ninth H. L. Bryant, Fulton, N. B. Beer, Cass, 

W. R. Archer, Pike, Edward Lanning, Menard, 

Tenth John T. Springer, Morgan, T. P. Bond, Bond, 

Robert W. Davis, Montgomery, Jotuj M. Woodson, Macoupin, 

Eleventh J. J. R. Turney, Wavne, John W. Merritt, Marion, 

John Schofield, Glark, D. M. Christian, Clay, 

Twelfth..' Amos Watts, Washington, R. J. Smith, Randolph, 

Robert P. Tansey, Madison, W. T. Brown, Madison, 

Thirteenth William H. Green, Alexander, Charles E. McDowell, 

John D. Richeson, Gallatin, Charles Burnett, 

At Large Orlando B. Ficklin, Coles, S. P. Shope, 

Samuel A. Buckmaster, Madison. H. W. Billings. 

MICHIGAN. 
Delegates at large. Alh-niaies. 

John S. Barry, J. C. Cofiinbury. 

Augustus C. Baldwin, Oakland, William M. Fen'ton, Genesee, 

Alpheus Felch, AVashtenaw, Peter Klein, Wayne, 

Kathau Barlow. David A. Noble. Monroe. 
DUirici Delegates. Alternate. 

First District Theodore J. Campau. Wayne, William S. Edwards 

David A. Noble. Monroe,, Henry Hart, Lenawee, 

Second , Rufus W. Landon, ' William Francis, 

Clark S. Potter, Henry Warner, 

Third George W. Peck, Ingham, John M. French, 

David Johnson, " S. D. Wooley, 



Democratic National Conventiott, 



19 



Fourth Henry Fralick, 

Samuel W. Odell, 
Fifth ■William L. Bancroft, 

J. M. Wattles, 
Sixth Hugh McCurdy, 

Michael Jeffwrs. 

MISSOURI. 

DeUffaks at Large. 

Christian Kribbeu, 

D. 0. Tuttle, 

W. A. Hall, 

Robert Wilson. 

District DeUffaies, 
First District L. V. Bopcy, 

J. A. Billings, 
Second D. H. Armstrong, 

W. E. Clark, 
Third P. A. Rozier, 

Philip Pipkin, 
Fourth John S. Phelps, 

Seiiiple Orr, 
Fifth Thomas L. Price, 

A. M. Forbes, 
Sixth James H. Moss, 

John B. Hale, 
Seventh A. M. AVoolfolk, 

S. S. McGibbons, 
Eighth AVeston F. Birch, Glasgow, 

Fred Rowlands, 
Ninth R. A. Campbell, 

W. A. Alexander. 

MINNESOTA. 

Deleffaies al Large. 
John B. BriKbine, 
Honry T. Wells, 
Michael Doran, 
J. H. McKenney, 

District Deltgates, 

Urst District Charles H. Berry, 

J. B. LeBlond, 

Second Edward 0. Hamlin, 

C. H. Lienau. 

WISCONSIN. 

Delegates at Large, 

George H. Paul, Milwaukee, 

Satterlee Clark, 

M. M. Cothren, 

George B. Smith, 

District DeUgales. 
Fli'Bt Distriet Thomas Falvey, 

E. (>. Uyan, 
Second John Winane, 

A. O. Cook, 
Third Charles G. Rodolph, 

PhiloA. Orton, Jr., 
Fourth D. W. Maxon, 

H. N. Smith, 
Fifth E. W. Enos, 

John Parker,. 
Sixth W. T. Galloway, 

L. P. Powers. 

IOWA. 

DeUgaies at Large. 

Augustus C. Dodge. 

Jerry H. Murphy, 

J. P. Bates, 

D. 0. Fiaich. 

District Delegates. 
First District Charles Negus, 

William Patterson, 
Second W. P. Frory, 

L. B. Dunham, 
Third G. W. Gray, 

0. n. p. Roszell, 
Fourth .Reuben Mickle, 



Mandy D. Howard, 
John Lewis, 
W. S. Wells, 
J. M. Hoyt, Oakland, 
Henry J. Buckley, 
Charles Plumstead. 



Alternates, 
N. C. Claiborne, 
Noah Steckey, 
N. P. Cook, 
R. P. Edmonson. 

Altem-aks. 
James 0. Edwards, 
Georse Peun, 
R. M. Renick, 
0. B. Kildan, 
Henry L. Caldwell, 
William A. Matthews, 
M. J. Hubble, 
John Gullet'., 
■W. G. Wear, 
R. Q. Roach, 
A. T. Winsor, 
J. H. Birch, Jr., 
E. C. Thomas, 
E. Parrott, 
Gilclirist Porter, 
Charles A. McNaJr, 
M. W. Robinson, 
John E. Hutton. 



Altarnixtis. 
.John A. Peckham, 
AVilliamH. Noble, 
James Kins, 
B. F. Tillotson, 

AU&maies. 
M. K. Drew, 
H. K. Bel den, 
L. H. Eddey, 
Joseph Ullmann. 



Ali^maUs. 
Joshua Ladue, 
James Volmar, 
J. C. Gregory, 
L. W. Graves. 

AlttrnatiS. 
P. Carney, 
John Wilson, 
G. D. Warslow, 
N. H. Wood, 
B. F. Fay, 
A. Carson, 
L. G. Dick, 
J. R. Bohan, 
S. A. Pease, 
John P. Hume, 
J. W. Beardsley, 
L. M. Hawley. 

AUer-nates, 
E. B. Bolens, 
S. W. Dunham, 
Jacob Stark, 
L. D. Palmer. 

Altematee. 
Thomas Christy, 
John L. Collins, 
N. G. Sales, 
George Murray, 
C. D. Sliambaugh, 
S. D. Tupper, 
P. H. Bosquet, 



20 Democratic National Convention. 

Lemuel B. Patterson, A. L. Kimball, 

Fifth M. D. McHeni'y, J. C. Watson, 

L. D. Huins, II. B. Parrott, 

Sixth K- B- Potter, W. Mullarkty, 

John Currier. C. C. Smettzer. 
KANSAS. 

Ddaffaleaat Large. 
Wilson Shannon, 
Williiim C. McDowell. 
li. n. Whiat, 
H. J. Stridell. 
J)Mr!c'. Lele^atts. 

First District Orlin Thurston, 

F. P. Fitzwilliam. 

CALIFORNIA. 
Delegates at Lir'jt. 
John B. Weller, 
JohnO. Downey, 
John Bigler, 
Thomas Hayes. 

District Delegate'^. 

First District S. B. Stevens, 

Clayton Withercl, 

Second J. S. Berry, 

0. S. Wtller, 

Third AVilliam .Joy Whipple, 

C. D. Scmple. 

OHEC.ON. 
Delef/ate^ at Large. 
Benjamin Stark, 
John Whituaktr, 
William McMilltn, 
L. P. Hijihee. 

Di.strirl DfUgaliis. 

First District Jefferson Howell, 

N. T. Caton. 

rKESENTxVTION OF THE RESOLUTIONS PASSED BY THE CONSERVATIVE 
UNION NATIONAL CONVENTION. 

Mr. F. W. HUGHE.'^^, of Pennsylvania: TJie Committoe on Permanent Organi- 
zation, to whom was referred the selection of officers, and the adoption of rules for 
the government of this body, have vmanimously agreed upon the following report — 

Mr. COX, of Ohio: I understand, sir. thatthe Hon. Amos Kendall is present 
and desires to present a communication to this body. I make a motion, sir, that he 
be allo^ved to do so. 

Mr. MICHAEL STEVf ART, of Ohio: I move that it be^referred to the Commit- 
tee on Resolutions without being read. 

Mr. MILLER, of Pennsylvania: I trust that the gentleman will withdraw that 
motion, and that the commnnicatiou will be read. I think this gentleman should 
be heard. The most insignificant comnuxnication or resolution presented to the con- 
vention has been read, and this should l)e. 

Mr. STUART, of Ohio: At the request of Mr. Cox I withdraw my motion. 

The following communication was then read : 

" Chicago, August 30, 1864. 

" Mr. Presidest : By direction of the Conservative Union National Convention, held in this city 
on the 27th inst. , the undersl;jrned have the honor to present to the Democratic National Convention 
a series of resoluUons adopted Liy the former body on that cccasion. 
(Signed,) "Yours, respectfully, 

"Amos KiifDALi., 

"R. J. Stevess, Secretary. " President National Convention. 

Whtrmi, The administration, in disregard of the constitution, has proclaimed its adherence to a 
line of policy alike destructive to the liberties of the people, the integrity of the States, andthe rigkts 
reserved to them, and calculated not only to impel the sections North and South to interminable 
war, to bring financial ruin upon all, and h.as proved its want of disposition and utter inability to 
administer the government in the spirit of its founders ; and 

Whereas, It is incumbent on all national administrations, and all delegates and political bodies, to 
respect the wishes of th? people and de end their rights; and 

Whereas, We ha'^* tlds daj assembled in natienal convention for deliberation and 8uch actioaas 



JQemocratie National Convention. 



21 



will most lead to unite the conservative elements In opposition to the re-election of Mr. Lincoln and 
the continuance of his policy ; and 

Whereas, The people of the whole country have an undying attachment to the old Union, and a joint 
interest in Bunker Bill and Mount Veinon, which they will never surrender ; therefore 

liesolved, That we will maintain the Union and Constitution. 

Keiolvrd, That the only peaceful solution of existing evils lies through the unrestrained exercise 
of our elective rights at the coming election, the displacement of the present administration and its 
policy, and the guarantee to all the people of the States of their constitutional rights, by the elec- 
tion of a President upon whose integrity, patriotism, and ability the country can salelyrely. 

Resolved, That the declaration of Southern leaders and the recent announcement of Mr. 
Lincoln of l^heonly conditions upon which they will respectively listen to terms of peace, are alike 
impracticable and derogatory to the intelligence of the American people, and that, in opposition 
thereto,- we are in favor of the earliest peace attainable on the basis of the constitution and the Union. 

Resolved, That wc concur in the action of the Union Conservative national Convention, held at 
Independence Hall, in the city of Philadelphia, on the 28d day of December, 1863, and reittrate the 
nomination by the people o^ Gen. George B. McClellan, believing that hia triumphant election is 
certain, and will result in immediate peace, with the restoration of the government ; and, In case of 
his nomination by that body, we pledge the cordial and united support of the conservative men of 
country to their ttata electoral tickets. 

Resolved, That the services of our soldiers in the field, and the sufferin?* of those laaguishtng In 
prison, can only be compensated for by the sympathy of our people and early termination of theii* 
mutival efforts in an honorable peace, and the reunion of our confederacy, without a star blotted or 
a stripe erased from our national ensi.gn. 

Resolved, That the Conservative Union National Committee Is hereby continued and empowered to 
take such fui-ther action as maybe necessary for the purposes of the organization, with reference 
to the future, the maintenance of the Union, and the preservation of constitutional liberty. 

[When the name of Gen. McClellan was mentioned in reatiing these resolutions, it 
was greeted with such a demonstration of applause as must have satisfied every one of 
the deep hold he has npon the public heart. Throughout the vast audience, and 
from the delegates' platform, cheer after cheer went up for the popular favorite that 
for many minutes interrupted the business of the Convention.] 

Mr. COX, of Ohio : i move, sir, to refer this communication to the Committee on 
Resolutions. 

Mr. MILLER, of Pennsylvania: Mr. President, whatever disposition may be made 
of the commimication which has just been read, I would respectfully offer as an 
amendment that it be made part of, and be interpolated in the proceedings of the 
Convention. [Cheers,] 

The PRESIDENT : It will become a part of the proceedings of the Convention as 
a matter of course. 

Mr. OLDS, of Ohio : Is it in order to offer an amendment to the amendment ? 

The PRESIDENT: It is. 

Mr. OLDS, of Ohio: I imderstand that there is another political body in session 
in this city, called the Sons of Liberty, and I am told they have addressed a com- 
mtmication to this Convention. And, if the communication, which has just been 
read, be incorporated into the minutes, I would move in amendment that the report 
of the Sons of Liberty be also incorporated into the minutes. [Cheers and laugh- 
ter.] 

' Mr. MILLER, of Pennsylvania : In answer to the delegate *-om Ohio, I would say, 
I do not care what is incorporated in the proceedings, if it but contain such senti- 
ments as are contained in the communication which has just been read. [Cheers.]" 

]ijl,r. OLDS then withdrew his amendment, and thereupon the resolutions were 
referred to the Committee on Resolutions. 

THE PERMANENT ORGANIZATION". 

Mr. IIUGHES, of Penns}-lvania, Chairman of the Committee on Permanent Organ- 
izivtion and Rules for the Government of the 'Convention, reported, recommending 
to the Convention, for its selection, the following officers: 

PRESIDENT : 
His Excellency, HORATIO SEYMOUR, of New York. 



VICE presidents: 



Joseph Chase, of Maine, 
Jared W. Williams, of No.wHampshir 
Erasmus D. Beach, of Massachusetts, 
B. II. Sraalley, of Vermont, 
George Taylor, of Connecticut, 
Alfred Anthony, of Rhode Island, 



S. "W. Gilson, of Ohio, 
M. W. Shields, of Indiana, 
0. B. Ficldin, oflllinois, 
John S. Barry, of Michigan, 
John S. I'helps, of Missouri, 
John A. Peckham, of Minnesota, 



22 



Democratic National Convention. 



Gideon J. Tucker, of New York, 
Andrew B. Cubb, of New Jersey, 
Asa Packer, of Pennsylvania, 
Isaac ». Jones, of Maryland, 
John .M"rritt, of Delaware. 
James Y. Uobinson, of Kentucky, 



D. W. Maxon, of Wl?confln, 
William Patterson, of Iowa, 
J. S. Berry, of California, 
II. J. Strickler, of Kansas, 
William McMiller, of Oregon, 



RKCORDING SKCRETAHIKS I 



■William n. Simpson, of Maine, 
A. S. Wait, of New Hampshire, 
S. B. Phinney, of Massachusetts, 
L. S. Partridge, of Vermont, 
F. L. Allen, of Connecticut, 
Thomas A. Reynolds, of Rhode^8land, 
James S. Thayer, of New York, 
Joseph D. Itiddle, of New Jersey, 
Frank M. Ilutcliinnon, of Pennsylvania 
James A. L. McClure, of Maryland, 
Kdward li. Martin, of Delaware, 
James P. Barbour, of Kentucky, 



E. B. Eshelman, of Ohio, 

A. T. Whittlesey, of Indiana, 
W. W. O'Brien, of Illinois, 
Theodore J. Campau, of Michig; n, 
J. A. Billings, of Missouri, 
John H. McKinnpy, of Minnesota, 
Philo Orton, of Wisconsin, 
John Currier, of Iowa, 
William J. Whipple, of California, 

F. P. FitawiUiuiii, of Kansas, 
L. P. Higbee, of Oregon. 



KEADI.VG SKCRBTARIES : 

E. 0. Perrin, of New York, I Moses M. Strong, of Wisconsin. 

Isaac R. Diller, of Illinois, | 

The COMMITTEE further reported, recommending tliat the rules and regtilatioua 
adopted by tho Democratic Nutioual Convention of 1860 be adopted by this Con- 
vention for its government. 

Mr. C. L. LAMBERTON, of .Pennsylvania : I beg to move that the report be 

adopted. 

The motion waa unanimously agreed to, and Gov. Seymour was conducted to the 
chair amidst the most enthusiastic plaudits. It was hardly known until he was seen 
moving down tho aisle toward the speaker's chair, that the motion had been put to 
a vote — it was done so quietly ; but when he appeared upon the stand and bowed a 
gracious acknowledgement, the delegates and the thousands of persons in the gal- 
leries became frantic with enthusiasm. The air was darkened with one grand flour- 
ish of hats and handkerchief.'^ ; the delegates arose from their seats and joined in a 
grand chorus of applause ; men in the galleries swung their hats and cheered till 
they were hoarse ; and for several minutes the shouts of the vast multitude 
were deafening. 

The Vice Presidents having been duly seated to the right and left of the chair, 

The PRESIDENT arose amid another rapturoiia outburst of applause, and^spoke 
as follows : 

SPEECH OF GOVERNOR SEYMOUR. 

Gentlemitc op Tnn Coxvkktion: I thank you for the high honor you have con* 
ferred upon mo in making me President of this body. The importance of the occa- 
sion has already been expressed in fitting words by your temporary chairman. I 
have not language to tWl with what anxious solicitude the people of this country 
watch onr proceedings. The prayers of men nnd women in ten thousand homes go 
up to heaven that we may bo so guided in our deliberatious that our action may 
condaee to the restoration of our Union, to the return of peace, and the mainten- 
ance of liberty in this laud. [Cheers] 

It is not for mo to forecast your action— it is not for me to say what methods 
may be adopted to relieve this afflicted country of ours. But while I may not speak 
on that subject, I can, with proprietj^, allude to the sentiments which animate you 
all. There is no man here who does' not love the Union. [Cheers.] There is no 
man here who does not desire peace. [Cheers.] There is nO man here who is not 
resolved to uphold the groat principles of constitutional freedom. [Applause.] 

I know that the utmost importance attaches to all your proceedings. I know it 
is of vital consequence that you should select stieh men, as your candidates, as enjoy 
the confidence of the American people. But beyond platforms and beyond candi- 
dates, tliere are other considerations of still greater significance and importance. 
When you wish to know what the policy of party will be, you must strive to learn 
the passions and sentiments which animate that party. Four years ago, in this city, 
there was an assemblage of citizens from the different parts of our country, who met 
here for the purpose of placing in nomination a candidate for the Presidency. They 
put forth declarationa that they would not interfere with the rights of the States of 



Democratic .National Convention. -2^ 

ti.ii Union. They did not intend to destroy our country — they did not mean to 
brealc down its institutions. But unhappily they were influenced by sectional preju- 
dices, by fanaticism, by bigotry, and by intolerance ; and we have found in the course 
of the last four years that their animating sentiments have overruled their declara- 
tions and their promises, and swept them on, step by step, until they have been 
carried on to actions from which at the outset they would have shrunk away with 
horror. Even now, when war has desolated our land, has laid its heavy burthens 
upon labor, when bankruptcy and ruin overhang us, they will not have Union except 
^ipon conditions unknown !to our constitution ; they will not let the shedding of 
blood cease, even for a little time, to see if Christian charity, or the wisdom of 
statesmaship may not work out a method to save our country. Nay, more than this, 
they will not listen to a proposal for peace which does not offer that which this gov- 
ernment has no right to ask. 

' This administration cannot now save this Union if it would. It has, by its procla- 
mations, by vindictive legislation, by displays of hate and passion, placed obstacles 
in its own pathway whicli it cannot overcome, and has hampered its own freedom of 
action by unconstitutional acts. It cannot be said that the failure of its policy is 
tine to the want of courage and devotion on the part of our armies. [Cheers.] 
Never in the world's history have soldiers given up their lives more freely than have 
those of the armies which 'have battled for the flag of our Union in the Southern 
States. The world will hold that they have done all that arms can do ; and had 
•wi.<e statesmanship secured the fruits of their victories, to-day there would have 
been peace in our land. [Much applause.] But while our soldiers have desperately 
struggled to carry our banner southward to the Gulf of Mexico, even now the gov- 

■ ernraent declares that rebellious discontent has worked northward to the shores of 
the great lakes. The guaranteed right of the people to bear arms has been sus- 

■ peaded by ihe edict of a General up to the very borders of Canada; so that American 
.servitude is put in bold contrast with British liberty. This administration thus 

, declares to the world it has now no faith in the people of States whose votes placed 

, it in power ; and it also admits by such edict that these people have no faith in this 

, administration. While tliose in power, without remorse, sacrifice the blood and 

trea.sure of our people, they will not give up their own passions for the public gootl" 

This Union is not held asunder by military ambition. If our political troubles could 

, be referred to the peaceful arbitrament of the contending armies in the field, oiir 

Union would be restored, the rights of States would be guaranteed, the sacrcdness 

of homes and persons again respected, and an insulted judiciary would again 

administer the laws of the'land. Let not the ruin of our country be charged to our 

soldiers. It is not due to their teachings or their fanaticism. In my constant ofii- 

^ cial intercourse with them. I have never heard uttered one sentiment of h^^red 

' towards the people of the South. Beyond all men they value the bessings of peape 

and the virtues of mercy, of gentleness and of charity ; while many who stay at 

■ honie cry havoc, and demand that no mercy shall be shown. Thebigotry of fanatics 
and the intrigues of placemen have made the bloody pages of the history of tlie p£^t 
three years. 

' But if the administration cannot save this Union, we can. [Loud applause.] Mr. 

Lincoln values many things above the Union ; we put it first of all. [Continued 

- cheering.] He thinks a proclamation worth more than peace ; we think the blood of 

■ our people more precious than the edicts of'the President. [Cheers.] Thtere are no 
• hindrances in our pathways to Union and to peace. We demand no conditions for 

the restoration of our Union; we arc shackled with no hates, no prejudices, no 
. pasSioris.: We wish for fraternal relationship with the people of the South. [Ap- 
plause.] We demand for them what we demand for ourselves— the full recognition 
of the rights of States. We mean that every star on our nation'a banner shall 
shine with an equal lustre. 

In the coming election men must decide with which of the two parties, into 
which our people are divided, they, will act. If they wish for the Union they will 
act with that party which docs now and always did love and reverence that Union. 
If they wish for peace, they will act with those who sought to avert this war, and 
: who now seek to restore good will and harmony among all sections of our country. 
If they care for their rights as persons and the sacredness of their homes, they 
will act with those who have stood up to resist arbitrary arrests, despotic legisla- 



g^ Democratic National Convention, 

tion, and the overthrow of the judiciary. [Loud and continued applause.] If, 
upon 'th« other hand, they are willing to continue the prcHcnt policy of governineBt 
and condition of affairs, let them act with that organization which made the present 
^condition of our country. And there are many good men who will be led to do 
this by their passions aad prejudices; and our land swarms with placemeu who 
-will hold upon power and plunder with a deadly grasp. But as for us, we aro 
resolved that the party who have made the history of our country, since their 
advent to power, seem like some unnatural and terrible dream shall be overthrown. 
[Applause]. Four years ago it had its birth upon this spot. Let us see, by oar 
action, that it shall die here where it was born. , [Loud and continued cheering.] 

^n the political contest in which we are now engaged, we do not seek partisan 
advantages. Wo are battling i'or the rights of those who belong to all political 
organizations. We mean that their rights of speech shall be unimpaired, although 
that right may be used to denounce us. We intend that rights of conscience shall 
be protected, although mistaken views of duty may turn the temples of religion 
into theatres for partisan denunciation. We mean that home rights and the sacred- 
ncssof the fireside shall be respected by those in authority, no matter what political 
■views may be held by those who sit beneath their roof-trees. When the democratic 
party shall have gained power, we shall not be less, but more tenacious upon these 
subjects. We have forjjorne nuich because those who are now charged with the 
conduct of public aff'airs knew but little about the principles of our government. 
We were unwilling to present an appearance of factious opposition. But when we 
shall have g;iiucd power, that official who shall violate one principle of law, one 
single right of the humblest man in our land, shall be punished by the full rigor of 
the law; it matters not if he sits iu the Presidential chair or hold a humbler ofli<je 
. nnd'br our govcnmient. [Cheers.] 

We have had upon this floor a touching and significant proof of the folly of this 
administration, who have driven from its support those upon whom it chiefly leaned 
at the outset of this rebellion ; when their hopes, even for their own personal safety, 
hung upon the noble men of the border States, [loud and continued cheering,] who, 
under circumstances most trying, severed family relations and ancient associations,, 
to uphold the flag of our Union. Many of these men are members of this conven- 
tion. They bear impressed upon their countenances and manifest in their persons 
he high and generous purposes which animate them ; and yet it is true — great God, 
that it should be true-! — that they are stung with a sense of the injustice and ingrati- 
tnde of low and unworthy men, who have insulted and wronged them, their families 
and their rights, by vindictive legislation or through the agency of miserable dis- 
dishonored subordinates. [Cheers.] 

Gentlemen, I trust that our proceedings will he marked by harmony. I believe 
we shall all be animated by the greatness of this occasion. It may be — in all pro- 
bability it is true — that the future destinies of our country hang upon our action. 
Let this consideration inspire us with a spirit of harmony. God of our fathers 
bless us now ; lift us above all personal consideration ; fill us with a just sense of 
the great responsibilities which rest upon us, and give again to our land its Union, 
its peace, and its liberty. 

[Enthusiastic and long continued cheering followed the conclusion of Gov. Sey- 
mour's remarks. The entire assemblage participated, and thousands of voices 
united in pouring fc-th round after round of tumultuous applause. When the en- 
tliusiasm had only partially subsided,] 

The PRESIDENT came forward, and addressing the assemblage, said: I wish to 
say one word to [the audience here assembled. The delegates who compose this 
convention have come up from different parts of the Union for the purpose of acting 
upon your most important interests. We are most happy that you should be the 
■witnesses of our proceedings, but one thing you must bear in mind: That you are 
not members of this body, and, while our hearts will be cheered to find that patri- 
otic sentiments are received as patriotic sentiments should be by the American people, 
you must not undertake to attempt to influence the deliberations of the Convention, 
or allow your feelings to take such form of expression as are unbecoming in the 
presence of those upon whom rest the responsibilities of the occasion. [Cheers, 
followed by loud calls for Vallandigham, mingled with applause and hisses.] 



Democratic iN<^imixfl Oonventioti. 25 

AOTIOJfOF Tn^ CPMMITXEy? ON EESOLUTIONS. 

The PRESIDENT then inquired if, tlie Committee on Resolutions ivere ready to 
report. 

Mr. GUTHRIE, of Kentucky: We'^re not yet ready. The members of the Com- 
mittee met last evening snd remained in consultation until one o'clock. They talked 
over all the subject niatters deemed proper or necessary in relation to the formation 
of the platform that we should report here to the consideration of the Convention. 
They referred to a sub-committee the subject of dra\\-ing them up for presentation 
■when this convention should have its forenoon meeting. I will further state that we 
are not without hopes that in this great emergeney wc shall come to a conclusion 
that will receive the approbati(ui, as we fully believe, of the entire democratic 
party of the United States. If, unfortunately for us, for the countrj-, for its liberties, 
constitutional and civil, we are doomed to fail, it will not be from a hearty disposi- 
tion to meet this great emergency. We are , those who have determined from the 
beginning not to despair of the Republic. [Cheers.] Our counsels have been, our 
counsels >vjll be, to maintain the constitution, to maintain the Union of the States, 
and secure the earliest possible honorable peace. [Applause.] 
' Mr. JOHN B. WELLER, of California: As chairman of the sub-eomniittee, 1 am 
satisfied that the Committee; -will be able to report to an adjoiurued meeting at four 
o'clock. 

. Mr. BROWN, of Delaware : I move thaf when the Convention adjourn it adjourn 
to that hour. I have no doubt the Convention will approve of the action of the 
Committee, and we shall be able to conclude our action this afternoon. 

The question having been asked whether the sub-committee would report to the 
ptanding comipittee or to the Convention, 

Mr. BROWN, of Delaware : It is understood that the general committee will be 
able to report to the Convention at four o'clock. 

Mr. TILDEN, of New York : Jhe general committtee ou the subject of resolu- 
tions was in session until a very late liour last night. It concluded its labors by 
referring the subject to a sub-committee. That sub-committee has been in session 
*his morning, and is appro.\imating, as rapidly as could be expected, to an agree- 
ment upon all questions before it. In the meantime, the general committee has 
^idjourned to meet immediately after your adjournment to-day. Mr. Vallandigham, 
I understand, doubts whether wc can be ready at four o'clock ; Mr. Guthrie rather 
hopes that we can, and I think Gov. Weller, chairman of the sub-comrnittee, entertains 
«. similar hope. I wish to make this explanation, that the Convention may know- 
that it is not a matter of certainty, and may adopt such an order for the progress 
of its own business as it may de.em expedient. I wish to add that upon the adjourn- 
ment of the general committee and the conclusion of its labors for the day, there was 
no dissent among the member.? ; but I understand it was the opinion of some gen- 
tlemen of the Committee that the clerical l.\bor of getting these papers into shape 
could not be entirely completed at four o'clock. 

Mr. CASS, of Pennsylvania, moved in amendment that when the Convention 
adjourn it adjourn till to-morrow at ten o'clock. 

Mr. BROWN, of Delaware : It is the desire of this convention, that the Committee 
shall be ready at four o'clock. I take the liberty to state, as one of that committee, 
that there is not the slightest dissension among us. We have been a miit from the 
first. [Cheers.] The only reason why it has not reported this morning has been a 
desire on the part of some gentlemen "to procrastinate and waste time. If it is the 
■wish of this convention to close its labors wisely and well, it will adjourn to four 
o'clock. 

Mr. JOHN McKEON, of New York: It is pretty evident by the statements made 
by the several members of the Committee on Resolutions, that they can come to a 
conclusion by four o'clock. I understand, by the gentleman from Delaware, that 
they are almost agreed, and there is but one man hesitating about it; and I am in 
favor of giving directions to the Committee to report by four o'clock. I do not be- 
lieve there will be any division in the convention on the subject of a platform after 
it is reported. There is a feeling here in favor of harmonizing, which cannot be 
disturbed. [Cheers.] I want that wo shall come from this convention showing to 
the whole world that the democratic party is a unit. [Renewed cheering.] I 
•want, therefore, that "vs'e shall act without delay, and that the Committee report at 



W Demoiyratic National Convention. 

four o'clock, tf the platform is so long that it requires such a clerical force as inti- 
tnated to copy it out, it ought uot to be adopted. [Laughter and applause, mingled 
with loud cries of "question."] 

Mr. OASS, of Pennsylvania: I am as anxious as any of you here can be to con- 
clude the proceedings, and I have every belief that you have that they will reach a 
happy termination. I think myself that if the resolutions are long they should not 
bo passed ; but that is not the question. The question is, what sort of resolutions 
the Committee will report. I only wish to say that 1 am assured l)y a member of 
that subcommittee, Mr. Yalhmdigliam, that it will be impossiljle in his opinion to 
have that report this evening, and,Hf you come hero this afternoon, it will be a loss 
of time. Tliis information I consider necessary to your action in the matter. 

Mr. YALLANDIGHAM, of 01\io u [Amid cheers aud some hisses.] I rise only 
to say that I concur in the reniarks of the gentleman from Pennsylvania, that this 
committee will not be prepared to report by four o'clock ; but that, with perfect 
liarijiony jind unanimity — sliould the Convention adjourn — we will be ready to pre- 
sent such a report to-morrow morning as will be entirely satisfactory to the demo- 
cratic and cons(>rvative nia.sses of the country. [Applause.] 

Mr. JOHN B.WELLER, of California: The sub-committee has been in session all 
the morning, and has agreed upon the only portion of the platform thatby any possi- 
bility could divide the party. [Clieers.] We were all in favor of peace, [renewed 
cheering], and the only differeuce of opinion was as to the phraseology to be used 
in making that declaration. We have agreed in the Bub-committ«e to present it in 
an unmistakable form. [Enthusiastic applause.] If, therefore, at four o'clock, we 
are not able to make a complete report, we will be able to report on the only ques- 
tion on which there could be any controver.sy of opinion here ; and, therefore, I 
hope we will adjourn until four o'clock. 

The motion to adjourn until to-morrow was then put and lost 

Mr. LAMBERTON", of Pennsylvania, desired to know if the voices voting were 
those of dolopatPS or outsiders. 

The PRESIDENT said he believed they were delegates. 

Mr. SMITH, of Wisconsin : I wish to state, Mr. President, that if the Convention 
shall adjourn now, tlie Connnittee on Resolutions will Ije prepared to report to the 
Convention at four o'clock. If the Convention continue di-liberating, the Committee 
Avill have no time to take up the resolutions and meet the Convention at four o'clock. 
If the Convention adjourn now, the Committee can agree on a report ; for, as it 
hfis been said here just iiow,Wiero is no difference in the Connnittee except upon 
mere matters of expression. [AppLause.] We are all of us for peace on the basis 
of the Union and the Constitution— [loud cheers] — and we are ready to agree to 
this when we can get the matter into form. Vt'e sat up late last night, or rather 
this morning till one o'clock, hearing thC expression of individual opinion, till aU of 
us were too weary to do the manual labor required in order to perfect the resolu- 
tions. I hope the Convention will adjourntill four o'clock — -will adjourn now, and at 
that hour adopt tixe platfoi-m, put a candidate ujjoa it, and go forth to the people. 
[Loud cheers.] ■ ■ • ■•■•"■^'•' ■■■ 

.ij .iioiJii wn.. AIXTOURNMENT;i : v;-/,(;f' ' 

Mr. POWELL, of Kentucky: I move that the Convention now adjourn to meet 
again at four n'clook this afternoon. 

"a DELEGATE from Now York : I now move as an amendment to the motion 
that the Committee on Resolutions shall have leave to retire and report the plat- 
form to the Convention at four o'clock. Withdrawn. 

Mr. PRESIDENT : I think it would be better for the Convention to adjourn now, 
till four o'clock. ■ , - 

Mr. A. tr. TIIURMAN, of Ohio: Before the main (question is put, as I suppose it 
will carry, I wish to suggest that some one should inform us how we are to get 
into the building again after we get out. 

The PRESIDJENT: The Secretary will attend to that. ■ 

The SECRETARY; I hare to announce for the infonnatibn of delegates that 
they will receive tickets at the door as they go out, In order to gain admission this 
afternoon; and that all persons who rcceivQ tickets for seats in the hall, will resume 
possession of them at tlio doors as they pass out 

Mr. CHARLES W. CARRIGAN, o'f Penusylvauia : I make the 'suscestion that 



Democratic National Convention. 

the chairman of delegations receive from the doorkeeper t!ie number of tickets 
each delegation is entitled to, nnd that they distribute them to'the delegates. 

The SECRETARY: I am requested to state that the chairman of each delegation 
will receive immediately after the adjourmnent the number of tickets to which his 
delegation is entitled. , ■ 

The PRESIDENT: The question is, Shall the Convention now adjourn till four 
o'clock this afternoon ? ' ^ 

The motion was carried and the Convention accordingly adjourned. ' 



AFTERNOON SESSION. 

The Convention reasseniljled, pursuant to adjournment, at four o'clock in the 
afternoon. 

The PRESIDENT: The Chairman of the Committee on Resolutions is now pre- 
pared to report. [Applause.] 

Mr. GUTHRIE of Kentucky: The Committee on Resolutions, after the 
greatest amount of consideration they have been able to give, in the time they have 
had to consider tlio subject, have directed me to report sis resolutions, as express- 
ive of the position of the democracy, and their opinions in these perilous times, as 
to what is necessary to be done. The Secretary of the Committee will read the 
resolutions. 

Mr. WILLIAM WALLACE, of Pennsylvania, Secretary of the Conmiittce, then 
read the following 

RESOLUTIONS: 

BevyJ/ved, That in the future, as In the past, we will adhere with unswerTlng fidelity to the 
Union under the Constitution as tlio only solid Ibumlation of our strength, seeurlty and haiipineas as 
a people, and as a framework of government equally conducive to the Vfelfare and pro.sperity of 
all the Statas, both northern and southern. 

R-:soU-ed, That this convention does explicitly declare, as the sense of the American people, that 
a'tcr lour years of failure to restore the Union by the experiment of war, during which, under the 
pretence of a military necessity, or war power hic;her than the Constitulion, the Constitution itself 
has been disregarded In every part, nnd puliUc liberty and private rlfjbt alike trodden down and the 
material prosperity of the country esscutially impaired,— Justice, humanity, liberty and the public 
welfare demand that immediate efforts be made for a cessation of hostilitieB, with a view to an 
ultimate convention of the States, or othor peaceable nieane, to the end that at the earliest practica- 
ble moment peace may be restored on the basis of the Federal Union of the States. 

Besolvrd, That the direct intt-rference of the military anthoritfes of the United States in the re- 
cent elections hobl in Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, aii(J DL-laware, was a shameful vio.latiou of the 
Constitution ; and a repetition of such acts in the approaching election, will be held »is' revolutionary, 
and resisted with all the means and power under our control. 

liesolved, That the aim and oljject of the Democratic party Is to preserve the Federal Union and 
the rights of the States unimpaired ; and they hereljy declare that tliey consider that the aduiinistratiye 
usurpation of extraordinary and dangerous powei-s notgriiutcd by the constitution ; the eubversion of 
the civil by military law in States not in insurrection ; the arbitrary ruilitary arrest, imprisonment, 
ti-ial and sentence of American citizens in States where ciril law. exists in full force ; the' suppression 
of freedom of speech and of the press ; the denial of the right of asyluni ; the open and avowed 
disregard of Stale rights ; the employment of unusual test oaths ; and the interference with and de- 
nial of the right of the people to bear arras in ttjeir defence, is calculated to prevent a restoration of 
the Union and Uie perpetuation of a government deriving lis just poweis from the consent of the 
governed. 

lie-solved, That the shameful disregard of the administration to it* duly in respect to our fellow 
citizens who now are, and long have been, prii-oners of war in a suti'cring condition, deserves the Be- 
verest reprobation on the score alike of public policy and common humanity. 

JiesoJae^, That the sympathy of the Democratic party is heartily and e.arneetly extended to the 
soldiery of our army and Siilors of our navy, who are, and have been in the field and- on the sea, 
under tho flag of their country; and in the event of its attaining power, they well receive all the 
oare, protection and regard Uiat the brave soldiers and sailors of the Republic have so nobly earned. 

[The scene tliat followed the introduction Ojf these resolutions baflles all description. 
When the Secretary comineuceJ the reading of the report every car in the honse waa 
inclined to catch tha words as they came from his lips. The deep, almoat breathless 
attention of the vast audience was unbroken to the middle of the second resolution, 
when tho popular approbatioia found vent in cheers which rendered the latter por- 
tion of the resolution utiiutelligible, tho voice of the Socretarybeing totally drowned in 
the deep volume swelling up around from tho lips of thousands. Order having been 
restored, the resolution was again read, and was listened to in sileuce until its close, 



28 Democratic National Conve7ition. 

when the audience again surrendered itself to the wildest enthusiasm, which died 
away and was renewed a half dozen times before the third resolution could be receiv- 
ed. The reading of this resolution called forth applause more tumultuous and deai'e- 
ning than that of the preceding. The other resolutions were also received with ap- 
plause. When at last the resolutions were adopted — when the people realised that 
the breakers had been passed, and that a platform, broad enough and strong enough 
for all, had been adopted, with scarcely a dissenting voice, they were fairly beside 
themselves with joy. When the vast audience was hoarse and exhausted, order' was 
restored, and the business of the conventicn was proceeded with.] 

Mr. G. W. IRWIN, of Pennsylvania ; Mr. President, I move that the resolutions 
presented be adopted. 

The PRESIDENT : Gentlemen of the Convention, you have heard the resolutions- 
The question is cow on their adoption. 

Mr. LONG, of Ohio : I will offer, as an amendment to the resolution, just offered, 
the first Kentucky resolution drafted by the prn of Thomas Jefferson — a resolution, 
sir, that from the organization of the Demociatic party until the present liour, has 
always been adopted in every democratic convention that hr%3 ever met to put in 
nomination a President for the United States. I otfer that, sir, as an amendment to 
come in after the first resolution. And I trust, sir, that this Convention, will not 
ignore the groat fundamental doctrine, the very corner stone, the foundation upon 
which the Democratic party rests. I hope, sir, that the creed of thoj party that has 
made it what it is, — that has made it groat and glorious, as it is and always will be — 
will not be ignored by this Convention in this hour of its peril, — a time above all 
others, since its organization, when the fundamental principles upon wliich it is es- 
ta].)lished should be re-affirmed and re-adopted by this Convention, now here assem- 
bled. I offer that resolution, and ask that the Secretary may read it to the Conven- 
tion, to come in after the first resolution : 

Ife/inlvfd. Tlmtthe sovoral Stntefl composing the Fnitert States of America are lot nnlterl upon the 
principle of unlimitea sulirriission to ttair i^oneral government, but by the compact nnder tlie styltf 
and titleof aConstituttonforthe United i>tatM, ami •f.-iraenJmentB thereto, Ihe.v conjtituted a gener- 
al government for specisil purposei, delegated to tliatf[OTerniiicnt certain definite power*, reserving, 
each State to itself, the residuary mass of riglit to their own s»lf-g»Ternmeiit; and, that whenever 
the general government assumes undelegated jiowera, ilH nets are unauthoritntlve, void, and of 
no force ; that to this compact each Stute acceded us a State, and ia an integral party; that this 
government, created by this compact, was not the cxclufive or llnal judge of the power* delegat- 
ed to itself ; sine* that would have made its discretion, and not the consti'.ution, the meaburs of 
its powers ; but, as in all othe- acts of compact, among parties having no couimoB Judge, eacli par- 
ty has an equal right to judga for itself, as well of Infractions as of the mode and measure of 
redress. 

Mr. MILLER, of Pennsylvania : In view of the motion that I have made, Itmove 
that the resolution be laid upon the table. 

The PRESIDENT: Under the rules of this convention, adopted this morning, 
the resolution will go to the Committee on Resolutions. 

Mr. COX, of Ohio : I move tite previous question on the adoption of the platform 
as reported by the Convention. 

Mr. LONG, of Ohio : I hope my colleague will withdraw his motion for one mo- 
ment. [Cries of "no"] I desire to offer an additional amendment. I did not 
suppose, sir, that after the report of the committee reporting the platform in full hap 
been received, when an amendment was offered to it, tha it would be referred to thj 
Committee on Resolutions. I hope my colleague will permit me to offer another 
amendment, even if it has to take the same course as did the last. I will state to 
him, it is an amendment in plain and unequivocal terms for peace. I leave it with- 
out effort, without exertion; I leave it in plain, unvarnished terms, demanding 
peace; and I understand tiie people ask it. I am not here to be cheated and deceiv- 
ed by the phraseology of language ingenionsly employed to mean one thing and bo 
interpreted one way by one person of this convention, and by another in an entirely 
different way. 

The PRESIDENT: Will the gentleman wait a moment ? The chair holds, the 
gentleman is now out of order. When the gentleman rose, I heard him for the pur- 
pose of learning what he had to say as to the ruling of the chair. As to tha resolu- 
tion he offered, under the rule adopted, the resolution was properly held to belong 
to the Committee on Resolutions. The proposition is one distinctly differing from 



Democratic National Convention. 29 

the resolutions offered by the committee ; so the chair has decided that it has to 
be referred. The gentlemen is going beyond the latitude the chair can give him un- 
der the resolution the Convention has adopted for its own government. [Applause.] 
The question is upon the adoption of the resolutions reported by the committee. 
Those who are in favor of their adoption will say " aye." [The affirmative vote 
was given by tlie delegates in one unanimous shout..] Those opposed will say 
" nay." [One or two voices arose with negative votes from the body of the hall.] 
% So the resolutions were adopted, when applause rose, cheer upon cheer, oft re- 
peated from the floor and galleries alike. 

THB NOMIIfATIONS. 

Mr. E. BRUCE PETRIKEN", of Pennsylvania : I now move you, Mr. President, 
that we now proceed to nominate a candidate for President of the United States 

Mr. SAMUEL G. KING, of Pcimsylvania : I second that. 

The motion being sulimitted to the convention prevailed. 

Mr. JOHN P. STOCKTON, of New Jersey : At this time of peril in our country's 
history, with a full kuoxrledge of the responsibility to my State, of my duty to my 
country, and of my duty to my God, in the name of the people of Now Jersey, and by 
the unanimous vote of our delegation, I nominate to this convention Geo. b! McOlel- 
lan. [Immense and enthusiastic applause, long continued.] New Jersey nominates 
Geo. B. McLellau, and thinks that a State which gave such a vote in the last Presi- 
dential election should be the first to nominate his successor. 

Mr. COX, of Ohio: The pleasing duty has devolved upon me, with such a voice 
as I have, to second the nomination made by the gentleman from New Jersey. I 
am a delegate from the State of Ohio, sir, and I beg simply to say that, although 
George B. McClellan has not his present legal residence in Ohio, in one sense he has 
been with us and among us, and, as one delegate, at least, from that Stute, claiming an 
interest in him, I propose to second the nomini>.tion. [Applause.] Mr. President, It 
is said that seven cities claimed the dead Homer. Connecticut, claims the ancestry 
of McClellan; Pennsylvania is his birth place ; New York has associations with him 
by many endearing relations ; Illinois has loved him, for he has lived among the peo- 
ple of Illinois ; and Ohio, I trust, will give him its support, if he bo nominated ; 
and the Unfted States of America will claim him as a re'<ident for four ycajs as a 
resident in the District of Columbia, as President of the United States. [Prolonged 
cheering.] 

Mr. WILLIAM 8AULPBURY, of Delaware : I rise, having it for my object to 
nominate for the Presidency of the United States, Laznrus W. Powell, of Kentucky, 
In nominating him, I will state, that he stood up in tlie Senate of the United States' 
almost the single champion of American liberty. He is from a border State upon 
which the tyrant's hand has fallen with heavy weight, and to him the State of Dela- 
ware turns, to put in nomination her son, and her favorite son, too. 

Mr. POWELL, of Kentucky: For ths nouor the delegates of the State of Dela- 
ware have conferred upon me,, in presenting my name to this convention as a candi- 
date for the Presidential chair, I return my heartiest thanks. I firmly believe, Mr. 
President, that sound policy indicates that the candidate for the Presidency at this 
awful crisis in our country's history should come from one of tlie non-slaveholdin"- 
States. I regard it as a patriotic duty to request of my honorable friend to withdra\y 
my name. [Applause.] Delaware, I believe, was the first to ratify the constitution ; 
and I am convinced of what I know of the true-hearted loyalty of her people, she will 
be the last to sin, and she would not raise convention liere. I say to my friends, 
withdraw my name, and I have no doubt that Kentucky, as also Delaware, will give 
a large majority for the nominee of this convention. Take away the bayonet from 
the throats of our people, and Kentucky's voice will go up like thunder from heaven 
for the nominee of this convention, the restoration of the Union, and the liberty of 
the people. 

Mr. STUART, of Ohio: In behalf of a respectable number of the Ohio delega- 
tion, I have the honor to place in nomination the name of Hon. Thomas H. Sey- 
mour, of Connecticut. [Loud and enthusiastic cheering.] 

Mr. MILLER, of Penn.sylvania: Mr. President, I move that the nominations be 
now closed. [Cries of "No, no."] 

Mr. WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky: I am directed by a portion of the delegates of< 



30 Democyatic National Convention. 

the State of Kentucky to place before tliis convention the name of Franklin Pierce, 
of New Hampshire. [Great applause.] 

', Mr. BENJAMIN G. IIARRlS, of Maiyland: I ri.se to second the nominatioa 
bf Thomas H. Seymour, of Connecticut; and, in doing so, I beg to say one word to 
the Convention in favor of him. Thomas H. Seymour is .second to no man in the 
country. His record is before the country and no nmn dare to say that there is a 
stain upon it. We have come here from the down-trodden State of Maryland and 
we do not desire to see placed in nomination the man most active in oppressing her. 
We have been oppressed, as you know. All our rights have been trampled upon 
and the strong arm of tlie military has been over us, and as it rests upon us now, 
it was instituted by your nominee. [Confusion of applause and his.ses, mainly 
frpm the galleries.] Admit the fact that all our liberties and rights have been de- 
feti'oyed, and I ask you, in the name of common sense, in the name of justice, in the 
name oif honor, will you reward the man who struck the first blow? [Applau.se 
and hisses.] From the indications I see here to-day^ I have reason to fear that the 
man who has been in the front of this usui-pation will be the successful candidate. 
Mr. LAMBERTON, of Pennsylvania: I rise to a point of order. There is uo 
question before the Convention. 

Mr. OLDS, of Ohio: I rise to a point of order. [Confusion.] 
The PRESIDENT : Will the gentleman state his jwint of order? 
Mr. OLDS, of Ohio: My point of order is this: [Hisses and a voice. '• Give 
US free speech."] It is not against the speech I raise the question. My point of 
order is this: ^VQ have met here as a deliberative convention, to nominate a candi- 
■date for the Presidency and a candidate for the Vice Presidency, and, while from 
these galleries nre uttered such marks of applause and disapprobation, we cannot 
proceed with the business of the Convention. 

The PRESIDENT : I implore the Convention, and above al"! I implore the many 
thousands of freemen hero assembled, in God's name, not to violate the freedom of 
speech on this occasion. [Loud cheers.] He who will is not a true friend of 
the democratic party. [Cheers.] In answer to the gentleman from Pennsylvania, 
I would say that the order now is the presentation of candidates for the Presidency. 
[Cheers.] The gentleman from Maryland is in order. [Applause.] 

Mr. HARRIS: I am in the habit of contending for the liberty of speech; I have 
been censured on the flour of our State Senate for the exerci.se of that right: and my 
right on this occa.sion is to speak concerning the character of the men whom you have 
presented. I claim it as a right to state that one of the men whom you have nomi- 
nated is a tyrant, [Hisses and cheers.] Gen. McClellan was the very first man 
who inaugurated the system of usurping State rights. [Uproar.] This I can 
prove, and I pledge myself, if you will hear me, to prove every charge in the in- 
dictment And it is the duty of a jury when a charge is made which is proven, to 
convict and not reward the otfender. Maryland has been cruelly trampled upon by 
this man, and I cannot consent, as a delegate from that State, to" allow his nomina- 
tion to go unopposed. What you ask me to do is. in reality, to support the man 
who stubbed my own mother: and I for one — and I believe I speak for the whole 
delegation from Maryland — will never do its We will never, never consent that 
the Stale of Maryland shall be so dishonored. What, is it a fact that you care noth- 
ing for the dishonor of a sovereign State? Is it really the case that you can consent 
that the man who overthrew liberty and crushed under foot the free' institutions of 
a State shall receive reward instead of punishment for his tyranny? In old times 
it was the doctrine that an injury done to one State was an injury inflicted on all; 
and, instead of rewarding the perpetrator of the injury, each State should come for- 
ward to resent it Now you propose a reward in tiie shape of Presidential honors 
to the man who first sot the iron heel of despotism upon my State. In the first 

place he arrested 

Mr. PETRIKEN, of Pennsylvania: I rise, sir, to a question of order. I ask, 
is it in order, is it competent in a delegate, while rising, possibly to propose a candi- 
date for the Presidency, to discuss the merits of another candidate? [Cheers.] 

T^e PRESIDENT: Gentlemen of the Convention, the gentleman'ti-om Pennsyl- 
vania has risen to a point of order. It is this — whether a gentleman has a right, 
in presenting the name of a candidate, to discuss the merits of othei-s who have 
been ali'eady placed in nomination- The chair is of opinion that, inasmuch as it is 
the right of every delegate, in presenting the name of a candidate, to urge consid- 
erations in his favor, it is equally the right of others to discuss the merits of that 



Democratic National Conveniion. 31 

candidate. [Cheers.] But, while the chair feels itself impelled to make that de- 
cision, it once more appeals to every delegate to see that the mode of presenting 6b- 
jections is not such as shall tend to destroy the harmony| of this ^convention. 
[Loud cheering.] 

Mr. HARRIS: [Reading from a newspaper.] Jhe date of this Is September 
12th, 1861; and it is as follows: 
JiIaj:Ocn.N.r.Banh>,U.S.A.: 

Gbskral ; After a full consultation with the President, Secretaries of State, War, Ac, It has 
been decided to effect the operation proposed for the 17th. Arrangements have been made to h^ve 
a government steamer at Annapolis to receive the prisoners and carry them to their destination. 

Some four or Ave of the chief men In the affair are to be arrested to-day. When they meet on 
the 17th you will have everything prepared to arrest the whole party; and be sure that none escape. 
It I3 understood that you will arrange with Gen. Dix and Gov. Seward the modus crperandi. It 
lias been intimated to me that the meeting might take place on the 14th ; please be prepared. I 
would be glad to have you advise me frequently of your ai-rangements In regard to Ibis very imp- 
portant matter. 

If it is successfully carried out, it will go far towards breaking the back-bono of the rebellion. 
It will probably bo well to have a special train quietly in-epared to take the prisoners to Annapolis. 
I leave this exceedingly impcrt-ant affair to your tact and discretion — the absolute necessity of 
secrecy and success. 
, With the highest regard, I am, my dear General, your sincere friend, 

(Signed) Gborgb B. McClelt.as, 

Major Gen-eral U. S. A. 
[The delegate read this letter amidst considerable nproar and confusion.] 
JkJr. HARRIS: Now, sir, that was in 18G1— 

A DELEGATE : I move that after all this is read, it be published in the black 
republican papers. [Laughter.] 

Mr. HARRIS : I am here for the purpose of presenting to this convention the 
character of the man whom you have nominated, and it seems you do not wish to 
liear it. [A voice, " We know it"] Yes, you know it, and yet refuse to allow it 
to be made known. [Three cheers were here called for McClellan and wore given 
with a will.] "Well, sir, this is the document on which George B. McClellan, in 
September, 18G1, broke up the Legislature of a sovereign State, deliberately and 
with full purpose, in order to exercise tyranny and oppression in|advance of Abra- 
ham Lincoln. Now here is a man who has violated the laws of our State — here is 
a man who has dealt a fatal blow to the institutions of our countiy; and yet you 
ask delegates from Maryland — you ask those who sympathise with Maryland a.s 
none else can sympathise — you ask men who. arc still smarting under the wrongs by 
McClellan inflicted, to go to the polls and cast their free votes for such an one a* 
he ! Why, Mr. President, hov*- long do you supjiose it was since the representatives 
of Maryland were immured within the wails of Fort Warren? Sixteen months did 
Wallace, and Scott, and their comrades and colleagues, suffer imprisonment within 
the walls of that prison, deprived of the sympathy of their friends and the comforts 
of home. Sixteen long months the prison doors were closed upon them, and the 
man by whom? they were closed was George B. McClellan, whom you indicate as 
your favorite to-day. [Cheers and disapprobation.] Well, sir, I look upon the 
acts of Gen. McClellan as not striking at the free ballot of the State of Maryland, 
but as tyranny over the Legislature of the State. And all the charges you can 
make against Abraham Lincoln aud against Benjamin Butler, I can make and sus- 
tain against this man, George B. McClellan. [Hiases. cheers, and great confusion.] 
I now"proc«ed to another count id the indictment. On Oct 29th, 18G1, he thus 
wi'ote: 

Gbsbral : There a apprehension amongst Union citizens In many parts of Maryland of at 
tempted interference in the election to take place on the 6th of November next. In order to prevent 
this, the Major General corauiandlng — [and who, geutk-men, was the Major General commanding 
but George B. MeGlulIan?]—t directs you to send a sutficient detachment to protect Union voters 
and to see that nothing Ls allowed to lutcrfero with their rights as voters. 

[Here the speaker was interrupted with cries of " That's right," " Good ! good !" 
while vcciferous cheers wore given for Gen. McClellan.] 

The PRESIDENT : I trust this convention will give the gentleman from Mary- 
land a fair hearing. You arc not only doing an injustice to that gentleman by in- 
terrupting, but to Gen. McClellan also. [Cheers.] There is no attack made here 
which cannot bo made elsewhere ; and the devoted friends who are supporting him 
here desire that all the charges which can be urged against him may be preferred at 
once, as they feel that they are each and all susceptible of a satisfactory explana- 
tion. [Loud cheering.] t repeat that these interruptions, on the part of the audi- 
ence, are not only unjust to the cau?e, unjust to the gentleman from Maryland, but 



a democratic JVational Convention. 

unjust to the distinguislied mnn who has been placed hi nomination. [Cheers.] 
When the gentleman has conclndcd his remarks — and I trust he will bo allowed to 
do BO without fuitluT interruption — a full ojjportunity will be given to one in th» 
Convention who stands ready to make tlie fullest explanaiion of tlie]|conrse of Gc&i 
MeClellan. [Prolonged Cheers Riid eries of "Good."] 

Mr. HARKIS, of Maryland: I want nothing, sir, but a fair field, I aesure you. 
[Cries of "Hurry up, for God's sake," and much confusion, amidst which one of the 
Ohio delegation here walked across the amphitheatre, and recpiested Mr. Harris to 
go to the platform, which, after some reluctance, he consented to do.] 

The PRESIDENT rose amidst the prevailing confusion and said : I hope the 
Convention will allow the gentleman from Maryland to present his remarks in hia 
own way. When he has said what he desires to say, there will be ample opportu'' 
nity to reply. 

A DELEGATE : I wish to move that the speakers be restricted to one hour. 

The PRESIDENT : And tho delegate from Maryland has not yet occupied his 
hour. [Langlitor.] 

Mr. HARRIS: I would have concluded long a^o, Mr. President, except for the 
interruptions that have been made by this assembly itself; and, certainly, you can- 
not take advantage of your own wrong, and prevent nxe from proceeding. [The 
speaker then read the remainder of the letter, which authorized Gen. Banks, in or- 
der to prev<?nt these alleged treasonable designs, to " suspend the writ of linhfas 
coi7)ws."] Now, sn-, who fear(?d the disunionists of Maryland would ever interfere 
with the imionists? With the power in the hands of the administration, with the 
power in the hands of the Governor of Maryland, where, in the name Of God, was it 
to be supposed, except in the mind of some hypocrite, that it was necessary for a 
military force to come into the State and su.spend that great writ, the habeas corpus. 
[Cheers.] And why were these "disunionists" of Maryland allowed to go at large 
until the day of election V Said he, you must arrest them before going to the polls 
and you may discharge them after the election. [Cheers.] Why was this done ? 
Why, if there was danger to the country in allowing these men to remain at large, 
were they not arrested before the day of election in the State, by order of this Gen. 
McClellau ? Those things that we have charged so frequently against Abraham 
Lincoln, he, George B. MeClellan, has been guilty of himself. [Cheers and hisses.] 
Sir, he declares that, under the plea of military necessity — that tyrant's plea of mil- 
itary necessity — Abraham Lincoln has the power of abolishing one of the institu- 
tions of Maryland, Missouri, and Kentucky; the power of abolishing the institution 
of slavery — a great right that you consider yourselves bound to protect and to pro- 
tect Maryland, Missouri, and Kentucky, in protecting. Kow, what have you to say 
to this charge against George B. MeClellan. [Cheers and hisses.] You have to 
meet them one way or another, for they will be made by an opponent, and it is bet- 
ter to hear them from a democrat before the canvass commences. [Cheers.] What, 
then, have you to say in his fovor ? "iVhy, as a military man, he has been defeated 
everywhere. [Cries of " No, no,'' and cheers.] The siege of Richmond w.as not, 
I think, a success ; the battle of Antietam was not a success, and ,in him as a mili- 
tary leader you have nothing whatever to brag of, while you have combined with 
military incapacity the fact that he has interfered with aiKl destroyed the civil rights 
of the people. If Gen. MeClellan, when Abraham Lincoln told him to arrest the 
Legislature of Maryland, had said to him, " I have received a commission as com- 
mander at your hands — you can take it back before I become a tyrant," he would 
have stoodbefore the world as a man ; but inasmuch as he received and acted upon 
instructions which struck a blow at civil liberty, he became the mere tool of Abra- 
ham Lincoln. [Cheers and hisses.] I recollect the story of a military man in the 
time of Louis XIII. The King, Louis, bore much hatred to the great Conde and, 
resolving to get rid of him, sent a commission to a Marshal of his army to procure 
him some one who would despatch him. The Marshal replied, " Sire, we have many 
brave and gallant soldiers in our army, but we have not one assassin." Bat Abra- 
ham Lincoln was aide to find an assassin of State rights in George B. MeClellan. 
[Cheers for MeClellan and hisses.] 

You ask me to go home to Maryland — bound and persecuted Maryland, which ha^ . 
suffered every injury since the tyrant put his iron heel upon it — you ask me to return 
there, and, going forward to the polls, vote for George B. MeClellan, the very ma^ 
who destroved her liberties. [Cheers.] You ask me to go home and see my friends 



JJemocratlc JSfational Convention. 33 

in the Marvlnnil liPgishiture — iiion who wore put in prison, whoso property was de- 
ftiroyed, aiul whose fanfilies were left liegijars upon the' world, and l>y the orders of 
^his man; :ind ret, romemberinn; their imprisonment afid suffering, I am ivslwd to walk 
up to the polls and vote for him. [Cheers.] I cannot do it. "l never will do it. 
{Loud cheer.-?, his-os, and much excitement, a number of the delegMtes rising to 
their feet and making gestures denoting nnicli feeling ] 

Mr. CARPiIGAN, of TennsTlvania: \h: President, I rise to a point of order. 
The gentleman from Maryland, in presence of this convention, has declared that he 
tri-Il not vote for the gentleman who may 1)0 nominated by this convention. Having 
made such a statement, I submit, Mr. President, that he is not a lit memhor of this 
convention [Cheers, mingled with cries, "Yes, yes." "No. no."] I repeat, that 
the man who puhliely declares within the walls of the Convention of the democratic 
party of the United States, that he will not vote for its nondnee is not fit to be a 
member of the Convention. [Loud cheers and much confusicm.] 

The PRESIDENT : The gentleman from Pennsylvania rises to a point of order- — 
whether a member of the Convention, having declared that he will not vote for the 
nominee of the Convention, should be allowed to retain his seat in the Convention. 
[Cries of "No, no." "Yes, yes."] • . 

Mr. HARRIS : I am free to say that I will not do it. 

The PRESIDENT : The decision of the chair upon the point of order raised by 
the gentleman from Pennsylvania is, that those who will not submit to the decision 
of the Convention have no right to take part in its proceedings, [tireat choering.] 

[Mr. Harris then left the platform and resumed his seat in the body of t!ie- hall. 
There immediately followed a scene of considerable excitement. The memUers of 
the Convention nearly all sprang to their feet, some of them looking menacingly at 
the member from Maryland, around whom there was some slight commotion. The 
excitement, however, abated almost as quickly as it was aroused, upon the Presi- 
dent calling the Convention to order.] 

Mr. CARRIGAN : The personal relations existing between the gentleman from 
Maryland and myself have, ever since I have known him, been of the most friendly 
character; but in view, sir, of the morality of this convention — its political moral- 
ity, of which you spoke — I felt myself compelled at the moment he made the dec- 
laration he did, to rise to the point of order. Now, sir. I respect the gentlcnnin, and, 
as I said before, our relations have always been friendly; and I now move that the 
gentleman have the privilege of proceeding with liis remarks in order. [Loud ap- 
plause.] 

The PRESIDENT put the motion, which was carried by a nearly unanimous vote 
amid loud cheering. 

Mr. UNDERWOOD, of Kentucky : Mr. President, I regret exceedingly that thd 
condition of my voice is such that I am hardly able to be heard by this wAst assem^ 
blage ; but I rise with a view to attempt to pour a little oil upon the troubled Maters. 
I trust, sir, tlr..l we bhall have harmony — harmony in our councils, harmony in our 
actions, harmony in everything we do ; and I trust the results of our as.seniblage 
liere will be carried out by the united voice of the people when we rctiu-n home. 
"[Cheej-s.] Allow me to s.ay, sir, that I came here having before I left home some- 
what considered the objections which could be made to the prominent individual 
■^•hose name is now before the Convention and the country, and who is likelv to be 
the candidate of this convention for the Presidency. I suppose other gentlemen 
ca,me in the same way ; and, if we are to take up all the objections which can be 
uVged to evorv individual who has been named here, I ask this body when are we 
to adjourn? [Cheers.] It is perfectly impracticable to follow this course. I pre- 
sume, frointhc fact of the American people sending their representatives h.ere, giv- 
ing instructions- in some instances, and from the conferences which have taken place 
'iimQng the delegations since their assemblage in this place, that these objections 
have been generally considered, and that we have come here to vote rather than to 
discuss. [Cheer?.] Now, sir, allow me to refer you to two historical facts which, I 
think, are a complete answer to all that has been nrged by the gentleman from Ma- 
ryland. In the war of 1812 Gen. Jessup was sent to watch the Hartford Convention, 
and -was instructed by Mr. Madison, if there was any disposition shown to commit 
an overt act of tieason, to seize all the members of that body. [Laughter and 
cheers.] Gen. Jackson, again, acting upon his own responsibility, and without in- 



31 Democratic Ncitional Convention. 

atructions from the Presideiit of tljo United States, iutcrfered with the LegiBlatwr* 
of Louisiana ; uud I would to God — if tiie Convention will pardon me — that we had 
a man hero with tliat iron nerve, tiiat inlloiible will, that peii-cption of men's char- 
acter, that deturminatioa and patriotism which Old Hickory no eminentl/ po&se66«dL 
[Cheers.] 

A DKLKCATE : Why did you not vote for him ? 

Mr. UNDERWOOD : 1 had a preference for Uenry Clay— [laughter]— and if tb« 
gentleman, whoever ho is, who asked that tiuestiou wiijlicd to diacuss tlic matter, I 
oould readily convince hiin that he would have agreed wich me. [lient:wed laugh- 
tor.] Sir, I did not corae here to .idvocate Whig principles; but I came here be- 
cause the country which I love with all my heart, with all my soul, is in imminent 
danger of deatruction. [Cheers.] I came here to iniite w ih everybody who ie will- 
ing to unite with nie, in order to remove from ofiice that mibguided and tyraimi««l 
man who ha.i brought tlie nation into itn perilous position. [Loud cheers.] 

A DELE(4 ATE : And do you wi.sh to set up a greater tyrant ? 
. Mr. UJSDERWOOlJ: No, I do not; and 1 hope the gentleman will allow me *• 
stnte that, alter taking all ihese things into consideration, both at home and BiD«« 
I came here, that part of the Kentucky delegation with which I came here haa di- 
rected mo to cadt fivo and one-half votes — all you have allowed ub — for Geucnti 
George B. McClellan. [Enthusiastic cheering.] 

Mr. MORGAN, of Ohio, said: 

Mr. riiB^iDKNT ANi> Gk.svlbmkh OF THE CoxvENTioN : As a pergonal friend 
»nd former comrade in arms of George li. McClellan, I cannot remain quiet 
apon this occasion without replying to the charges of the distinguiehed 
gentleman from Maryland. Deeply do I regret, Mr. President, that the first assault 
upon the democratic organization in this campaign should come from a man who 
eiaiius to bo a. democrat ; and much more do 1 ri'gret and am I astonished at tht 
manner in which the charge was made and the character of the charge itself. I do 
not impute to tlio gentleman a desire to wilfully and deliberately misrcpreeent the 
facts; but, nevenhelcES, the statements as maiie, are untrue, as I hope I may be 
able to convince you. What are the facts ? Who did George li. Mculellan arrest * 
I find that the paper from which tJie gentleman reads is tbe New York H'ntutu, and 
in replying to him I will also reply to his worthy co-associate, Mr. Greeley of the 
Tribtme. 

At the time these arrests were ordered, the Maryland Legislature was in Be8KioB 
at Annapolif. General Joseph Johnston was in command of the rebel army at Win- 
ehester. There was a conspiracy on foot, and four or five persons here were the 
eonspiratora, between General Johnston and this Legislature, to accomplish the inv*- 
sioa of MHryland. This Legislature was in communication with Gcut-ral John- 
ston, one of the best and most distinguished Gcjierals of the Confederate Army. 
This Legislatun; was to have pas.-ed an ordinance of secession — the geniiemankuowe 
the meaning of that term ; they were to have withdrawn to the town of Frederick 
and there icsucd the ordinance of secession, and, in direct and immediate concert 
with this ordinance, Johnston was to invade Maryland with an overwhelming force; 
:wid certain men iu Maryland — the gentleman can state best who — were to have 
aroused the people of Maryland ia arms against the sovereignty of the United 
State*. George B. McClclIan, then Commander-in-Chief of our armies, had he act- 
ed otherwise than he did, would have been guilty of treason himself. I know well 
Shat the worthy gentleman from Miiryland does not know George B. McClellan. He 
e&lh him a tyrant. Why, sirs, if there be one man beneath the heavens who is not 
a tyrant, that man is George B. McClellan. [Cheers.] If there is one man who ii 
A lover of liberty, one man who has combined in himself the ger.tleness of a woman 
*nd the courage of a lion, that man is George B. McCie'lan. [Applause.] These 
facts I knew myself. They were represented to me at the time they occurred. I 
have them in black and white Lorn (ieorgo B. McClellan himself. Moreover, but 
two nights ago. Gen. Burns, of the United States Army, was in this city. He took 
tea with me, and, during the evening, this Maryland matter was tijlked about, and he 
told me the f^ct thiit he iiad at that time command of the American forces at Leee- 
l)urg for the purpose of wa'ching the movements of Joe Johnston in connection 
■with his associates of Maryland. He told me that he had been informed by General 
McClellan, at that time, of all the facts, nnd was instructed to keep watch and ward 



Democrat'tc Kational Convention. S5 

both over the traitors within Maryland and the traitors beyond the river. [Applause.] 
STow, sirs, this is a brief statement of the facts. I did not intend nor expect to 
©pen my lip3 upon ihil occasion, but before taking my Feat I must speak of 
another point. Tlio gentle-iuan lias found a mr.re'ri nest. Tlie geutleman talks of 
troops being sent by George B. McCIellan to suppross the liberty of the ballot. 
Why, tlie very order itselt states in distinct worda that the object of the troops 
sent there was to protect the Union 'citizens who, it v.as feared, would be deprived 
of their riglit to a free vote by intimidation at the ballot boi. These are the unmis- 
takable historical facts coimected with these transactions and with these people. 
They were men who had been over in Virginia, and, when our country became «d- 
fortunatelv involved in this civil war, they were in direct communication with thft 
southern Generals. In accordance with the laws of war these people, who were 
guilty of direct communication with the enemy, and who invited the invasion of 
Maryland, by tlie laws of war, instead of being arrested would have been executed 
as Epies ; for such they were. They were communicating information to the enemy. 
They were guilty of high treason in furnishing the enemy with information, and 
against these men and tiie intended intimidation at the polls this order was given. 
My friends, I only rose to make this statement, and to disabuse your minds of the 
no doubt unintentional misstatements set forth b}- the distingvushed gentleman who 
gave utterance to them as they were published by Horace Greeley. But I will say 
this, that I not only know General IfcClcllan now, but have known him from boy- 
hood. I knew him when a boy of sixteen, and ii truer democrat never Jived- 
[Cheers.] His whole heart was inspired with love for the democratic "party, and a 
reneration aiuounting almo»it to worship for those great cardinal democratic princi- 
ples taught by Jefferson and Madison, and as re-tau<^'ht by the im.mortal Jacksoiv 
But I tell you, knowing this man as I do, I say with a certainty that in passing over 
at this time, in this great eiuergency of our country, great end distinguished states- 
men, men of high ability, deserving the confidence of the people, and singling out 
that man, gives the best evidence, not only of his purity and patriotism, not only 
of hia qualities as a warrior, but of his wise sagacity as a patriot statesman. [Loud 
eheering.] 

Mr. EATON, of Connecticut: Mr. President, a« a neighbor and friend of CoL 
Thomas H. Seymour it becomes, my duty as a delegate on this floor, to state that it 
was not the iutontiou of the delegaticu from Oonntcticut to place him in nomiiif^tion 
before this convention. A more gallant soldier, a more accomplished gentleman, a 
more reliable statesman than Thomas H. ycymour, treads not God's earth. Ko man 
knows him who loves him not. It is not our intention to place him in nominatioii. 
It was not our intention, and my friend from Maryland who seconded the nomina- 
tion, and my friend from Ohio who placed that name before this convention, did so 
without our knowledge and witliout our consent. We had no consent to give, sir, 
and it was witliout the knowledge or consent of (governor Seymour himself. Thomas 
H. Seymour, Mr. Presidcat, is worthy of any office in the gil't of a free people. Thomas 
H. Seymour has no superior throughout this broad land. [Applai^e.] I do not hesi- 
tate to say to this couver.tiou what I would say to General McCIellan himself, that 
Thomas H. Seymour, of all men of God's moulding, is my candidate. But if the 
gentleman from Ohio, and the gentleman from Maryland, and gentlemen from other 
State* see fit to put Col. Seymour in nomination, I, of course, have not the power to 
withdraw his name. I hope every man will vote for him. Many a long summer day 
will you travel before you ciu do better. One word m.ore, and I have done. I mak« 
these remarks simply to show that Col. Seymour knovr noUiing of tlus nomination, 
and cannot be mixed up in any way with any charge that nifiv be brought against 
General McCIellan. It is proper forme to say that George B. McCIellan and Thomas 
H. Seymour have long been strong personal friends. [Applause.] Therefore the 
Convention will understand, and the country will understand, that Thomas II. Sey- 
mour's name has been used without his knowledge; that it has been used not jiy th» 
request of the delegation from Connecticut — for I said to my distinguished friend 
from Maryland only yesterday that we did not desire to place Col. Seymour in nom- 
ination — that Connecticut does not Jiomiaa'.e him. Ji' the States see lit to place him 
in nomination and vote him in r.s their candidate, Connecticut, of course, will be 
found aiding by her voto ; otherwise, Coanectlcut will not ami her vote for CoL 
Sevmour. 



36 Democratic National Convention. 

Mr. XIARRIS, of Maryland : In spra-cing of General McCI-^llan, I commented 
freely on his character, and I said that I could not ask the j)eoi)le of Maryland with 
any kiml of force — 1 could not make any argument — to induce them to vote for him; 
nor could I auk the memliors of that Lej^i!?lature whom *I thought he had treated 
cruelly and lyrannically, to go to the polls snd vote for him. 1 did not say that, 
having participated in the nominations and proceedings of this cotivention, 1 wouid 
not myself abide'hy the noinmation, whatever nomination might be made. [Loud 
npplause.] Tlio.-<e who know me miglit have inferred as much, from the fact that 
I had yeconded the nomination of Thomas If. Seymour as a candidate in preference 
to General McOlellan. 1 tlierefore say that if I ballot in this conventi<m upon the 
nomination of rresidcnt and Vice President, I shall feel myself l)Ound to cast my 
vote for tlie candidate that this convention selects. [Loud cheering.] 

Mr. SAULSHUUY, of Delaware : I beg leave to withdraw X.\i>i name of Governor 
Powell, of Kentucky, presented as a candidate for nomination. 

Mr. SPOFFORD, of Massachusetts: I have received both written and ■^rbal 
instructions from Franklin Pierce, in case of the mention of his name Ijv any of 
his friends, from any part of the country, tosolicii that no use shall be made thereof, 
in connection witli the noiniiiiilion for the Presidency. Whilst General Pierce, in 
his retirement, shrinks from no duty and no responsibility which can attach to hia 
position and character as Ex-President of the United States, he feel?, sir, that he 
has received his full share of the lumors of the pariy, and that he has discharged 
his full share of the duty which it devolved upon him. Believing that our success 
can rest only upon those great principles which besought in his lidministration to 
exemplify and to support, his only hope has been — and that I am thankful to know- 
has been gratified — tliat the old standard of principles shall not be abandoned, 
and that we shall luaTC Chicago a united, liarmonious and to be-succcssful party. 
[Cheer?.] 

Mr. WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky : Mr. Chairman, it is true, as the gentleman from 
Massachusetts states, that the delegation from Kentucky of which I compose a part, 
had no consultation with t!ie di.degation from the State of New Hampshire, nor did 
they consult the distinguished gentleman whose name I presented; but, upon con- 
sultation among oursidves, looking at the crisis, and believing that a man of experi- 
ence in matters of statesmanship and great purity of character, who was unstained a« 
a politician and as a man, who was not connected with any of the imputations or 
charges, filsc or true, connected \i:\\ tlie military or despotic operations of the 
army or the officers of the army, would better answer the purpose and carry out the 
views of our citizens — preferring at all times a civilian to a military man — we deci- 
ded to present the name of Ex-President Pierce, so distinguished and so well known 
throughout the United States. But, sir. in obedience to the suggestion of ihe gen- 
tleman from Massachusetts, though unwilhngly, 1 now withdraw the nomination of 
Franklin Pierce. [Cheers.] 

Mr. liOLS.MAN, of New Jersey: I move that the nominations be now closed, and 
that we proceed to the call by States. 

Mr. JONES, of Maryland : I regret exceodin^y that the honorable gentleman 
■who took the stand to defend Gen. McClellan from the charges preferred by the 
gentleman from Maryland, put that defence upon the ground that he did. If he had 
put it upon the ground that Gen. McClellan had credible information upon which he 
relied, then I would have rested that defence on the ground on which it was put. 
But when he undertakes to put that defence upon charges of complicity of any 
members of the Maryl.\nd Legislature v^ich the conveyance of infurraation to Gen. 
Johnston, or inviting or desiiing the invasion of Maryland by any member of that 
Legislature, I beg that this convention will .hear me while I show how untrue is 
any such imputation; although I do not doubt that Gen. McClellan was misled by 
false witnesses on whom he relied. 

Mr. MORGAN, of Ohio : Will the gentleman from Maryland grant me one word ♦ 
I wtfidd deeply regret, not only to do injustice to Maryland, but to any of her gal- 
lant sons. The ihformation which I received, and wdiich in tire hurry of the moment 
I did not state «"^ fully ns J! should, was that the arrest was made upon testimony 
regarded as credible, and I acted upon the assumption that, hearing nothing to the 
»ontr«,ry, tliat testimony received as credible was so. 

Mr. JONES, of Maryland: So ikr from this charge being credible, it has been. 



Democratic JS^atlonal Convention. 37 

from the time it was first started in Maryland down to the present moment, denounced 
as a wilful and deliberate lie, unsustained by a particle of testimony. The gentleman 
was wrong in more of his statements. The Legish^ture of Maryland did not convena 
at Annapolis; Annapolis Avas held by Federal troops, and Gov. Hicks convened the 
Legislature to meet at Frederick. There was then no design by meeting at Frederick 
to meet Johnston or hold any communication with him. They had met at Frederick 
end there was a petition sent to that Legislature or some proposition inade asking it 
to pass an ordinance of secession. It was referred to a committee. That Legislature, 
was overwhelmingly democratic. The chairman of that committee was Mr. Wailis, 
one of the most takuited and distinguished sons of Maryland, and a man of as pure 
honor and integrity as any man alive. That conmiittee made a report which waa 
adopted almost nnauimon.sly, there being but two or three negative votes, that tha 
Legislature of Maryland then assembled hsd no power to pass an ordinance of se- 
cession. Then tliat these men, men of honor, men whose character was dearer to 
them than their lives, that these men with such a record, that they had no power to 
pass such an ordinance of secession, should have acted as they were accused of act- 
ing, is an absurdity as well as a falsehood. There was not one particle of evidence 
except that of the false witne::ses who gave the infornnition to Gen. McClellan, and 
whose names have never been disclosed. And I will say further, that upon this evi- 
dence, which the gentleman says Gen. McClellan considered credible, these mem- 
bers of the Legislature were arrested and put in prison, sent from one prison to an- 
other; from Fort McHcDry to Fort Lafnyette and Fort Warren, and kept there for 
fourteen months by this government. If there had been this credible evidence of 
their complicity with a design to pass an ordinance of secession or to invite the Con- 
federate forces into Maryland, why wore they not tried even by a drum-head court 
martial ? They were tendered their liberty if they would sign a parole. Some few 
of them, overcome by long confinement, their health failing, and their families suf- 
fering, did agree to that humiliation ; but there were others — and among them the 
Tery men who signed the report that they had no power to pass an ordinance of se- 
cession — who refused to sign any parole, and demanded a trial upon any charges 
the government had against them, thnt, having taken and kept them prisoners, with- 
out a trial or f(n'mal accu.^ation, and the government not being abli? to find one wit- 
ness of anything imputed to them, they had a riglit as American citizens under the 
constitution to be absolutely and unconditionally discharged. They put themselves 
on that ground, and notified the government that they would die in prison before 
they would give any parole. I know these men personally, and there never were 
men more pure or untarnished, or who loved their whole country, or desired more 
sincerely to sec its union restored, than these very men. 

What interest had they to make their State the Belgium of the Union ? 
No longer than two months' ago, in the constitutional convention now sitting at An- 
napolis, this question was raised and the insinuation made that there was a purpose 
on the part of that Legislature to take some action looking towards secession and 
untriendly to the Union. A member of that Legislature was a member of the con- 
Tcntion, and he got up in his place, and, in the face of the people of Maryland, pro- 
nounced the stiitemcnt abiolutely and unqualifiedly false, ^"^ow let Gen. MeClellan's 
defence be that ho was misled by evidence that he deemed credible, and let him 
have the benefit or it, for " to err is human, to forgave divine." I could not, Mr. 
President, as a Marylander; knowing these men as I do to be true men, true to our 
democratic, principles, after lying weary months in tlio casemates of forts, where 
they had been so unjustly and cruelly incarcerated, hear them accused as they have 
been hero, without giving tiie charge the completest contradiction ihe Epglish lan- 
guage will admit. I insist that the charge was ialse ; but I do not believ.e General 
McCIellun would have acted on any teslimony whicii he did not deem entirely cred- 
ible. [Applause, and cries of " Qui'stiou."] ' , 

Mr. ilOLSMAN, of New Jersey: I wish to say that I was the obstinate Jersey- 
man among my ilelegation who opposed, the nominaticm of Gen. McClellan. At the 
same time,, believing that this question has been already fully ventilated, and that lur- 
thor di.=icu3sion cannot do any good, I i-enewmyruotionto close the nonfinationsand call 
the States. '[Grips of ■"Qaestion."] 

Mr. LONG, of Ohio:' ±' appeal to my friend from New Jersey to permit me for a 
few moments to address the convention. [A][voice, "Free speech."] I ask^ the 



Sii iJctiLoefatlc Aatlonal Convention. 

courlosy of tln> p;'?ntiomMi for a hri'^f pc-rniil to snr a few words in rehition .to the 
candidates. [Cries of "No, no," "Free speech," etc.] 

Mr. HOLSMAN, of Now Jersey: I came here opposed to the nomination of Gen. 
McClellan boeanse I did not consider it one which ouglit to Ijc iiiiide ; but in defer- 
ence to the wishea of my thirteen associates, I, yielded. This question has been 
thoroughly discussed on both aides, and further discuasion will not change a single 
Tote; SM 1 must insist on my motion. 

Mr. LONd, of Ohio: I have before boon prevented from expressing myself upon 
the rosohitions. 1 uo'.r npp^:'al to my friend from New Jersey not to strike down the 
freedom of speech in u, democratic convention. 

Mr. HOLSMAN, of New Jersey: I, myself, to some little extent, though not M 
much as m;'.ny gentlemon here, have suffered for free speech. It is two years ago 
that I was the first to propose in any a.ssemblage an armistice and a convention. 

Mr. LONfl, of Ohio: I believe, iiavingtho floor, I have a right to proceed. 

Mr. HOLSMAN, of N^.-w Jersey, called for the previous question. 

Mr. 0']>R1EN, of Illinois: I de.^irc to make a nomination, and for that'purpoee f 
ask as a favor t!; at the gentleman from New Jersey will withdraw his motion. „^. ■ 

Mr. IIOLRVIA.V, of New Jersey declined to do so. 

Mr. O'DliJEN', of 'Ulinoi? : I move that the Convention do now adjourn. [Cries of 
" No, no."] I lio not desire to interrupt tlio proceedings of this convention or to make 
any argument. I deffire simply to plnee in nomination a gentleman whoso name 
would be a rock and a tower of strength to the democratic party. And, in behalf 
of a portion of the delogate.q of Illinois and a nuijority of the people of the North- 
west, 1 now place in nomination h:s I'xcellency, Horatio Seymour, of New York. 
[Immense eheevii<g, renewed over and over again, followed this announcement.] 

The PllESIDEiN'T: The gentleman is not in order. [Laughter and applause.] 
Tlie question is upon the motion of the gentleman from New Jersey for a call of the 
previous qu<'stion. 

Mr. OLDS, of Ohio : I move that when this convention adjourn it adjourn until 
to-morrow morning at ten o'clock. 

Mr. LONU, of Ohio called for the vote by States. 

Mr. PO WELIi, of Kentucky : I appeal to the gentleman from New Jersey to with- 
draw his motion. 1 never was in a deliberative body where the previous question 
was used to prevent a nomin.i'tion for a candidate, and I hope that illiberal principle 
will never prevr.il in a democratic convention. 

Mr. HOLSMAN, of New Jersey said he had no such intention in offering the mo- 
tion, which he then withdrew. 

Mr. OLDS, of Ohio: I wish to state to the gentlemen of the Convention that in 
fifteen minutes it ^ill be entirely dark, and there is no way to light this bnilding: 
and, therefore, I renew my motion to ai^journ until to-moiTOw morning at ten o'clock. 

The motion was put and lost. 

Ml'. LONG, of Ohio: I have but a very few words to say and I propose to say 
them ; and I am not afraid to speak wliat 1 think, even in the face of gentlemen who 
don't want to hear. I have faced the music before and I am willing to do it here. 
Although I had the h.onor, with the gentleman from Maryland [Mr. Harkis] of be- 
ing put down by points of order, that he and 1 arc both familiar with, in a republican 
Congress, yet I propose to give my views briefly of the qualifications of a candidate 
proposed for the Presidoncy in this campaign. 

Now, gentlemen of the Convention, what have we complained of for the Inst three 
or four rears * What has been the burden of our complaint against Mr. Lincoln 
and his administration ♦ He has abridged the freedom of speech, he has arbitrari- 
ly arrested citizens and confined them in bastilcs, and he has interfered with the 
freedom of elections. What have you proposed in th.ese resolutions ? You have, to 
a certain extent, vindicated the freedom of speech, you have condemned arbitrary 
arrests and denounced interference with the freedom of elections; and yet you pro- 
pose in George B. McClell.in to place upon that platform one who has gone farther 
in all three of these measures than has Abraham Lincoln himself. [Hisses and ap- 
plause.] George B. McClellan has not contented himself with the arrest of a citizen 
here and there and incarcerating him in a bastile, but has arrested an entire Legisla- 
ture by one order. He has also suspended the writ of hnheax corpus of which you 
have complained. [Voices " Never."] He has acquicuccd in the cmfincipation pi*oe- 



Democratic National Convention. 39 

Ift-tnalion of which you havo compUined of Mr. Lincoln [loiul cries of "No,"] ; an(l\ 
jet you propose, in the very face of the denunciations you have heaped upon thb 
head of Mr. Lincohi, tostiiltifyyoursclvcs by taking up a man who has been a supple 
instrument of Mr. Lincoln for carrying out the very acts you denounce. 
'^- Gentlemen, what did we come here for as representatives of the great democratic. 
party ? The people ask for peace. [Applause.] Their eyes have been turned to tthis 
conTention. Millions of hearts are thi.q evening, while we are assembled here, wait- 
ing in anxious saspense to know as to the platform and candidate you are to give 
them, that will cither send a thrill of joy to their breasts or will strike them down 
with terror. What is it that is weighing'more heavily on th'-in than anything else V 
A draft is to take place on the fifth day of this nunith— five days from to-day. 
■ A DELEGATP: : I rise to a point of order Tlic gontlemnn is out of Oider, for 
he is not speaking as to the qualifications of the candidates in noiriination. 

Mr. LONG, of Ohio: That is juBt what I am doing in my humble way, and I pro- 
pose to do it. [Laughter.] On yesterday — 

A DELEGATE : [Interrupting.] Will you vote for the man who shall be nomi- 
nated ? - . 

Mr. LONG, of Ohio : I expect to vote fcr tlic candidate nominated here. [Qhecr.?.] 
I nerer have done otherwise. I have never voted anything but a dcujocratic ticket 
from my first vote to the present hour. Although I am opposed to MpClellan— al- 
though I think he is the worst man you could put upon the ticket hoviiig the name 
of a democrat, [applause and hisse"3,] I wouicl still choo,so hiiii before Lincoln or 
Fremont, and cast my vote with my friends. If that be my lot, I expect to do it. 
JCheers] Now, gentlemen, I say the people arc looking ,to this convention to taku 
some actio!! — to give them a candidate and a platforui — to do something, at least, 
whereby they will, after the coming election, see. or have at least r. hope f Jr the 
early end of this war. To that end on yesterday I submitted to this convoM^on a 
resolution jiroposing to urge Mr. Lincoln to suspend the operatioii of ihb draft until 
■we could have an opportunity in the election 'of November next, to let the people 
say whether the war in to be. continued or not. [Apjdause.] And, although it pi'o- 
posed immediate action, by the manoeuvcring cif certain gentlemen well versed in 
parliamentary tactics, it had to go to the Committee on Resolutions. The commit- 
tee have made their report, and mv resolution, and everything else in r{?fcrence to 
this draft that affects the people more than anything els'o, Ss pi^sscd overia silciice. 
Then, gentlemen, is this what the people are to expect from a der.iocr.-itiC conven- 
tion ? [Cries of " No, no."] ■ I trust not. Give ua a candidate for rrcsidcnt, any one 
except George B. McClellan, any man, I care not who he is,, [applause and In&ses,] 
any one whose hands are clean, whose skirts arc clear, [kisses,] any onewhohaa 
not been instrumental in making arbitrary arrests — in violatl.ug the freedom of elec- 
tions and the rights of citizens in every possible manner in which he could carry 
out the wishes of Abraham Lincoln ; and, although he does not come from the North- 
west now suffering with taxation ; although not in our interests in the Northwest; 
although it may be for the benefit of eastern capitalists— if he be a democrat, free 
from these stains — we will vote for him ; wc will support him ; we will rally the 
masses to his support. Any man else, save and except George B. McClellan. [Hisses 
and cheers.] I beg of you not to nominate that man. I beg of you to give us an- 
other condidatc. Any uian, [a voice, "Seymour of New York ! "] aoay man — 
[Shouts for Seymour.] 

A DELECrATE : [InternipUng] I rise to a point of order. 

Mr. LONCt, of Ohio: 1 have b\it a word or two to say, and I tim dene. 

Mr. FlilES, of Ohio: Will the delegate from Ohio yield to me a moment? 

Mr. LONCi, of Ohio: I will yield to my colleague. 

Mr. FRIES, of Ohio: I move that we adjourn till ten o'clock (o-morrow morning. 

[On being informed that Mr. Long wished to say but a few words more, Mr. 
Pries withdrew his motion. 

Mr. LONG, of Ohio: In conclusion, I beg of yon cot to nominate McClellan. 
Having laid upon the table the time-lionorcd princijdesof the democratic parly, aa 
expressed in the resolutions of 1798-99, having ignored them by laying the resolu- 
tion upon the table, and weak as your plallonu is, looking in some degree to peace, 
as it does, in God's name do not place upon it a man who is pledged in every act 
against which your platform declares. I am not satisfied with the answer of 
my colleague fro'm Ohio. [Gen. Mougan,] that George B. McClellan was acting 



40 Democratic National Convention, 

»>' ■ ■ 

undei' oixlers of the President, lie was not obliged to make these arrcfitf, and tl}u» 
give liis sanction and apj)roval to them. Was ho acting under the orders of 
Abraham Lincoln, when, on the -ith day of July, he delivered an oration at West 
Point, in v/hich he announced the same doctrine? Was he acting under the orders 
of Abrahiun Lincoln when at Lake George he made a speech in which he also pro- 
posed a continuance of tlie war? If, in one case, he was acting under orderu, in 
the oth(U' he was acting under his own impulses, and I ask of this convention what 
is to be ex))ecled of lUm after his speeches at West Point and Lake (^leorge. They 
are directly opposed to a peace iihitforin, and if he accepts a nominaiion upon it, 
after what he has said, he stultifies himself, and, in my judgment, is unworthy th^ 
sujiport of the democratic party, ["llisses and cries of 'Never."] 

Mr. CARHICtAN, of P(!nnsylvauia: I desire, in answer to the strictures of the 
gentleman from Maryland, [Mr. IIaukip,] and the genllcman from Ohio. [Mr. 
Long,] that Gen. Geurge 13. McClelhm should speak for hims^elf- Although 
written more than two years ago, and constituting a i)orlion of the record he makes 
against the efforts of the present administration to change a war inaugurated fortho 
maintenance of Ihe Union ami the preservation of the Constitution, into an abolition 
crusade, it is fully ai)])Iical)l(! to the asjiersions ot to-day. He is charged witU 
collusion with President Lincoln in relation to the proclamation of emancii)ation. 
No charge could be more unjust and so utterly at variance with his well known and 
oft rejjealed sentiments. Sir, he completely vindicates himself in a letter to Brig.- 
Gen. A. E. Burnside, written January 7th, 18r)2, in which he says: 

" I would ui-RC pi-cat caution in regard to ])roclaiiiation3. In no caso would I go beyond a mode- 
rate joint prociaiiKUion witli the naval coniinandi'r, which ehould say as little a8 i)0S6ible about 
politics or the nigro ; nicrtly state that the true issue for which we are fighting is I he presPVvaHun 
of the Union, and the upliolding the lawso' the general iiovernrnent, and tiating that all who condact 
themselveB properly, will, aslar as possible, be protected in tlnir person and property." 

Sir, is this an endorsement of the President's emancipation proclamation? Is 
this collusion with an luiconstitutional declaration? Is it not rather an unequivocal 
condemnation? " Say as little as ]iossible about politics and the negro." but every- 
thing and in a determined spirit, about the Union, the integrity of the Government 
and the protection of persons and property. How unlike this written record are th© 
charges made hero to-day! 

Again, in a letter to Maj.-Gen. Halleck, commanding the Department of Mi-ssouri, 
written November 11th, 1861, he says: 

" In resrard to the political conductor alTairs, you will please labor to impress upon the inhabi- 
tants of Missouri and the adjacent States, that we are (IghtinK solely tyrthe iutegrity of the Uniiui, 
t-o uphold the power of our national government and to restore to the nation the bleeeiiigs of peace 
and good order." 

Do these instructions Jo Gen. Halleck sustain the uncharitable a-sscrtions of the 
gentleman from Ohio," that George B. McClellan violated "the freedom ot 
elections and the rights of citizens?" Upon the contrary, sir, does he not absolutely 
divorce from the '• conduct of the war" such outrages upon the liberties of the 
people? Impressed with the sublimity of his mission and the patriotic impulses of 
the gallant men he commanded, he pleads "'solely for the integrtty of the Union ;" '' the 
power of our national government." and "the blessings of pence and good order." 
No purer sentiments or more exalted conception of duty ever animated the head or 
heart of a military chieftain. 

In his instructions to (ien. Buell, commanding the Department of the Ohio, 
written November 7th, 18C1, he says: 

" It is possible that the conduct of our political affairs in-KeritucTty is mo-e important thaii thkt of 
our military operations. I certainly cannot ovcrosiimate the importance of the lornier.i Veti will 
please constantly. to bear in niii;d tlie !Me<ise issue foi^ which we We fighli^ig; that issue is the i>re- 
servution of the Union and tin- i - . iui:. i .ft he full autliority of the gepsral gurerunientjover all 
portions of our terrilovy. li> .!,h/ sufpr^.-is l/iiti rehellion\a.d re<Lloi-i tUe aviaoriln of 

thegoreniinc-nt l>t/r.!i<ji(ni.-!h/ ,.■ ■n-ttiiutionnlrnjhUofaU.'^ 

Then, sir, as if he had m.; i.i;;u>-tMl Gen. Buell as .strongly as bedosiredTT?th 
the importance of the work before liimi— weighed down ' with the responsiilalifies 
attaching to the proper " conduct of the war,"" cnmpi-ehending all the delicate illa- 
tions of this fearful struggle, dc^^iring to avoid all unnecep.«ai-y un-ests and to protect 
to the uttermost verge the liberties of the citizen, he again, on NoveiAbei'' 1st; 1861^ 
thus writes to (ien. Buell: ■ ' ' '" 

"In regard to political niattors, be^r in mind that we are fi;jrh(ing only to preserve th^ ifaiegril^ 
pf the Union and to uphold the power of it he general ^overBmcUt; ub far as miliary ftecessity will 
permit ,religously respect the constitutional rights of all. I'rtserve tne strictest discipline among »li» 



Democratic ^Ncdioiial Convention. 41 

troops, and, while employing tlie utmost energy in military movements, l)e careful eo to treat the 
nnarined inhabitants as to contract, not widen the hreacli existing ln'tween ug and tlio 
rebels; ******«.** j mean by this that it ia the desire of Uie government to 
avoid uncessary in-itation by causelssa arrests and persecution of individuaia. ****** 
I have always found that it is the tc-ndency of subordinates to uuike vexatious arrests on mere 
suspicion. ***** * It should be our constant lum to uifike it apparent to all that their 
property, their comfort, and their personal safety will be best preserved by adhering to the cause of 
the Union. ' • 

Sir, is there anything in these instructions to Gon. Buell, (who, for faithful com- 
pliance with said instructions, a\ as compelled to I'esign or submit to dishonor at the 
bands of this admiuistration.) I repeat, sir, is there anything in tiiese instructions 
to warrant the charges of the gentleman from Maryland, that Gen. George 13. 
McClellan was an " assassin of State rights." [Cries of " No," '' no," mingled with 
loud applause from the galleries.] Sir, this convention and the country will hold 
the gentleman from Maryland responsible for this slander, while by the action of 
the one and the voles of the other — in the nomination and triumphant election — his 
vindication will be complete. One more allusion to the consistent record of George 
B. McClellan, and I have done. In that statesmanlike compendium of what should 
be the object of the war as he understood it (written ten days after he had declared 
to Secretary Stanton, with an almost broken heart, but with unfaltering faith in his 
mission: '' If I save this army now, I tell you plainly, that I owe no thanks to you 
or any other persons in Washington. You have done your best to sacrifice this 
army") — in that remarkable letter, written in camp, near Harrison's Landing, July 
7th, 1862, with the enemy in his front in overwhelming numbers, he for the last 
time, endeavors to impress the President of the United States with the true issues of 
the war, while in unmistakable language he declares: 

" Neither confiscation of property, political execution of persons, territorial organization of states, 
or forcible abolition of slavery, should be contemplated for n moment. ******* 
Military arrests should not be tolerated except in places where active hostilitieB exist; and oaths, 
not required by enactments, cun.stitutionally made, should be neither demanded nor received." 

Then, sir, with a solemnity that can be felt, and in language grandly awful, he 
eonchides : 

•' I may be on the brink of eternity ; and as I hope for fsrgivcness from my Maker, I have writtea 
this letter with sincerity towaids you and from love of my country.". 

General George B. McClellan in these letters speaks for himself. Here is his 
Tindication from" the assaults of the gcntlemeu from Ohio and Maryland- With the 
tenderness of Washington, the consistency of Jefferson, and with the firmness of 
Jackson, he asserts, and at all times endeavored to maintain the Union and the 
Constitution, with the reservations of the one and the guarantees of the other. 
Toward the people of Maryland and Missouri— toward the peojile of Kentucky and 
Nqrth Carolina, he at all times evinced the most anxious solicitude for the ])rotec^ 
tion of their persona and property. Despite the vindictivt^assaults here indulged 
in, George B. McClellan, to-day, is as deeply and firmly imbedded in the hearts of 
Jhe American people, as the granite in the mountains, and the iron in the ore-beds 
of his native Pennsylvania. [Loud and enthusiastic applause]. 

Mr. HOLSMAN, of Now Jersey: I move that the nominations close, and that 
we now proceed to vota for the candidate for President, by States ; and upon that 
motion I more the call of the previous question. 

Mr. FRIES, of Ohio: I rise to a privileged question. I move that we adjourn 
till to-morrow morning at ten o'clock. 

The PRESIDENT : That is not a, privileged question. 

Mr. PRIES, of Ohio : Then I move tluat the motion for the previous question be 
laid on the table, and that the vote be taken by States. 

The PRESIDENT: The chair decides that the motion to lay on the table is not 
in order. 
■ Mr. FRIES, of Ohio: I appeal from that decision. 

The PRESIDENT: The decision of the chair is, that the motion is not in order, 
the motion before the Convention being for the previous question. The gentleman 
from Ohio, [Mr. FitiKs,] apricals from this decision of the- chair.- • ' "' 

Mr. FRIES, of Ohio: I would ass, if it is the expectation of the members of this 
CQivvontion that we shall ,.bt? able to conclude our proceedi"ngs to'-night? /[Voices, 
"Yes" and " No."] I ask' the gentlemen who say,"3'es" what prep;iratiou has 
been made to light this room, to enable.: us to maHe any progress? ; I, for one, now 
state, that I do not; .propose to sit here in the dark. 

The motion to ailjourn having been submitted was lost. 



42 JJetnocratic A\itional Conversion. 

Tho rRF-aiDRNT: I would cull the attention of the gpntlcmen of thr» Codtoo- 
tion to the fact tiiat it is utterly impossible to transact business in this confusion. 

Mr. KHiLEK, of Pennsylvania : I rise in the name of one of the great Statoa of 
this Union, to appeal to my brother Jelcgates to act at least in common order and 
good feeling. We have now reached a point in our deliberations at which we can 
terminate them directly and unecjuivocally in the morning, while it maybe trulj 
maid, we cannot do so to-night. Let us, therefore, by common corisent, fix an hrnir 
at which wo will assemble in the morning. Those in favor of adjourning will say 
aye. [Many voices, "Aye," and much laughter.] 1 beg the pardon of the chair. 
I did not moan to be taken quite so literally. [Laughter and applause.] Mr. Proai- 
dent, I move th«t we do now adjourn until ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 

The rilKSIDENT: I wish to make an anouncement. The chairmen of the sev- 
eral delegations, will call at the rooms of the National Committee, at the Sherman 
House, at eight o'clock to-morrow morning, to receive their tickets of admission. It 
is moved aiifl seconded that the Convention adjourn until ten o'clock to-morrow 
morning. Those in favor of that motion will say " aye," and those of a contrarj 
opinion will say ''no." 

The motion prevailed, and the Convention adjourned until Wednesday morning at 
ten o'clock. 

THIRU DAY, 

"U'KnvusnAT, A^igusl $L 

The Convention ro-aasembled, pursuant to adjournment, at ten o'clock iu the fore- 
noon. 

The TRESIDENT having called the delegates to onJcr, 

Rev. L. J. HALSEY, D. D., of the Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Chicago, 
opened the proceedings with prayer, invoking the Divine blessing as follows : 
PHAYKE. 

.\Imi<{lity anil most merciful Go:!, our Father, the Creator and Oovernor of the Univcrw, Pre- 
gLTver ami )>ountiful Denefac or of jili wvn and natioos, God OT^■r.^l!, blessed forever, to Thee we 
«ome, upon Thy streat nam"? we call, and before Thine infinite MajoKty we bow our spirits, in sol- 
emn reverence, and in humble con'eaeion of our sine. And we beseech Thee, O in-JSt mereiful God, 
tiiai Thou wilt lo:)k down with Thv favor ui)on this Convention and this coiisrrepation of the people 
of our land, ftatherud from llie different States of the Union, to deliberate about the great iutereste 
of our common country ; and ^rant Thy richest lilessinK upon it. Or that it may please Thee, most 
merciful God, to en low thein richly with the healtliful spirit of Thy prace. that it may please 
Thee to bieas and direct andj:cuidein all their deliberations, these representatives and heads of the 
people asseinblod here, for their country's welfare. Grant them wiedom to direct the public spirit 
in the ways o' "patriotiiim. An pour into their councils a cpirii of vrisdom .and a spirit o' earnest 
nnd loyal love of their country and of our people, and a desire to worship Thee, Lord Cod, Mogt 
High, to secure the blessings o' }lim, who rules in the hearts of all nations. God, our Father, 
Thou hath been the God of^ur fathers in j'ears pa.st, and Thou artor.r God, the God and presenret 
of our nation, and we do eiRreat Thee that Thou wilt look with favor upon all these men. and give 
them arcsolve at this jvssemblage of the people here, under the Constitution of our beloved land, \a 
^n8ugurate peace. we beseech Thee that Thou wilt direct all th>ir deliberations; that Thou wilt 
rule over all iheir deliberations yet to come ; and bless the result of their decisions to the peace and 
prosperity of our land, to the restoration of law and order and intepfrity, throughout the nation, 
from North to South, and from Kast to M'est, to the good of our people everywhere, and to the glory 
of Thy gi'eat name aad to the prosperity of Thy will and kinpdcm in the world. 

Lord, we beseech Thee thai Thou wilt bless all the people with Thy richest blessinss; prive unt« 
them wisdom, patriotism, public spirit, Integiity and virtue ; and in all the solemn calls upon them, 
may they remember their dread accoutability to Thee, the final Judge. Lord, help Thy serrvanta 
here assembled, by endowing Ihem with a knowledge of their dependence upon Thee for all wisdom, 
and their accontability to Thee the final Judge ; and we do entreat Thee. Father, that this assem- 
bly, in ita deliberations and all the decisions which may be here made, may be governed and ruled 
by Thee fo the good o four land ; for the integrity of our nation ; for the continuance of out govern- 
ment — the systi-ra of government sustained by our fathers ; for the preservation of our national 
unity; and for the restoration of peace and prosperity throughout ail the nation- O God, our Father, 
for this end blsss all public measures; bltss our rulers and all that are in authority over us in the 
Capital, in the halls of Legislature, and in the field ; and grant that all hearts may ba clothed with 
gi-eater seal for truth. Haste the day, God, when our distracted and bleeding land shall be re- 
stored again in all its integrity, and to its wide-spread peace and prosperity. These blessings we 
ask in the name and for the sake of Thjr Son, to whom, with Thee the Fisther, and Thee the Uol^ 
Ghost, be endless praise. Amen. 

THE MINUTES. 

Mr. CARS, of Pennsylvania : I move that the reading of the minutes of the pro- 
ceedings of yesterday, be dispensed with, 

Mr. KING, of Pennsylvania: I second that motion. 
\ Which motion having been submitted to the Convention prevailed. 



Democratie National Convention, 



42 



Mr JOHNSON, of PennBylvania : Mr. President, I withdraw my motion to lay the 
appaal on the tabic, which was taken by the gentleman from Ohio. 

Mr. FRIES, of Uiilo : Having accomplished the object I had in view in taking 
that appeal, to wit, to put off this voting until morning, that we might perform our 
labor by day-light, 1 withdraw my appeal. 

THE KXISTJiXCE OF TUK CONVENTION NOT TO BE AFFECTED ET 
ADJOURNMENT. 

Ml* WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky : I desire to offer a resolution, which I regard ae 
a privileged question, in reference to the future existence and continuance of the 
organization of this convention. I hope, if it is not a privileged question, there will 
be unanimous consent upon it. I am satisfied there can he no exception to it. The 
delegations from the West, including that State to vrhich I am iittuchcd, are of opin- 
ion that circumstances may occur between this and the fourtli of March, that will 
make it necessary for the great ma^s of the democracy of this country to be re- 
assembled. To get up anew convcRtion is a work of delay and much difficulty; and 
ray objeet is, that the dissolution of this convention shall not be affected by its ad- 
journment, after it finishes its labors to-day, but to leave it to the Executive Com- 
mittee, at the instance of the democracy, if any occasion shall require, to convene 
tiaat such time and place as the National Executive Committee shall designate ; 

lie^ilrfd^ That the Convention siiivll not be disaolvcd by aJjournment at the close of its business, 
but shall remain as organixecl, Buljeet to be called together at any time and place that the Na- 
Uoual Kxeculive Committee shall designate. 

THE TRESIDENT: Under the rule the reBollltio^ will be referred to the 
Committee ou Kosolutions. The question i.^ upon seconding the call for the pre- 
vious question, upon the motion to proceed to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. 

A DELEG ATE : Tho motion is to proceed to elect a candidate for the Presidency 
of the United Stales, by a call of the States. 

The call for the previous question was susiained. 

The motion prevailed iinanimouslj'. 

THE NOMINATION FOR THE PR ESI DENG Y. 

THE PRESIDENT: The question now before the Convention is, Shall the 
Convention proceed to elect a candidate for the I'residency. 

THE SECPtETARY : I would state for the information of the delegations voting, 
that the vote must be not by the number of delegates, but *by the electoral vote of 
tho States. 

The SECRETARY thereupon proceeded with the call of States, when tho chair- 
men of tho several delegations announced their respective votes as follows: 

FtltST liALI.OT. 



States, 


Gkorgs 15. 
McClellax. 


Thos. H, 
Seymour. 


HOKATIO 

Setuol'r. 


Cbarles 
O'CoNXon. 


Blake. 




4 
5 
4 

J« 

7 
20 

¥ 

I 
h 


3 
.... 

s" 

7 

rK 
i" 

'2« 


"Vi 

'k" 






NeiT Hampshire 




















New York 
















Maryland 
















Illinois . .... 




Michi"an 


ili 






Minnesota 








Kansas 

California 






1 




Totals 


3i 


n 


~ik 



44 Democratio Xalional Convention, 

Pending the call of llio States the following remarks wore made : '' 

Mr. AM ASA J. rAi;KEi;, of New "i'ork, in Ixdialf of tlic New York idelega- 
iion said: Mr. Tresident, the State of New York, vegretCully papFing hy her 
favorit(! son, who diselaiiiis tlie candidacy; ready to socritjco all her dearest pergonal 
prefereiiceH on the allur of (he public good; intent only on rescuing the countiy 
from the misrule and devtpotism which ^-ivern it, and to ])reA'ent their perpetuation; 
and having full conlidenee in the viitue, .bravery, and ability of the distinguished 
man who has been designaied by the people as their choice, castg her thirty-three 
votes for George 15. JlcClellan. [Overwhelming and long-continued ai)plau.se.] 

Mr. HICKOX, of Illinois: The delegates of the State of ^Illinois are instructed 
by the State convention to cast vho vote of tiie State as a unit. It ciusis its entire 
sixteen votes for George D. McCJlelhm. [Knlhusiastic and tumultuous cheering.] 

Mr. SIIfiEAN, of Illinois: I \vi:di to state that this vote of lUinoi-s is cast by 
virtue of an instruction of the Convention of the State. The vote as it fitands is 
twenty-one delegates to eleven. I do tjiis in the sj)irit of the utmost hannony, but 
with a desire to do justice to myself and the minority of that delegation, and to what 
I believe to be the voice of a hundred thou.saud democratic voters iu the Slate of 
Illinois, we protest against it. 

Mr. ROGERS, of Illinois: I can only say that the delegation of Illinois will 
ttand firm for George 15. McClollan. [Loud cheers.] 

The call of the States having been completed, 

Mr. WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky : The delegates from the Stat« of Kentucky cart 
the vote of their Stalo according to the opinions they had that they should have a 
candidate eminentlj' qualified to discharge tiie duties Ave propose to place upon him; 
btit, sir, determined to unite with this convention of the democracy to preserve the 
Union and do all we can to save the Union from inevitable destruction, so far as the 
election of aTresident can do it, we surrender to George B.^ McCIellan, and Cast our 
vote for him. [i^nthusiitstic and i)rolonged ap)>lanse.] 

Mr. JOHN IJ. WELLER. of California : California wi'^hes to change her elec- 
toral vote, and casts it for Ceorge 15. McClellan. [Loud cheers.] 

Mr. ALLEN, of Ohio: Have all the States voted? 
. The SECRETARY: Yea. 

Mr. ALIiEN, of Ohio : Then I desire that the delegate will afford an opportunity, 
so far as they choose to do so, for our delegates to conform their votes by the re- 
vision of that vote, to the vote which seems to indicate the will and purpose of the 
democracy of the United Stales. And for that purpose 1 desire that each man 
shall rise up in his place and name hisqondidate, if ho chooses to rise; while thosw 
that do not choose need not answer. >\ 

The SECRETARY: Mr. Allen? 

Mr. ALLEN, I vote for McCk-llan. [Applause.] 

The RliESlDENT: Under the rules of the Convention the motion is inadmis- 
sible. The resolution adopted Vr-as that they shoHld vote by States, and that the 
vote should be announced by the chairmen. 

Mn ALLEN, of Ohio: I ask for the indulgence of the Convention five minute-s, 
that the delegates from Ohio may have time to revise their votes. 

Time being allowed by consent lor the delegation from Ohio to revise their vote^ 
the following remarks were addressed to the Conveution.MdjR^ 

The PRESIDENT: Some gentlemen have done mo dSpRnor to present my 
name in conncclion with the otlice of President of these ITitod Staten. It would be 
affectation on my part to say that these evidences of I'ogard did not give me great 
})leasure; but many months since I announced to my iricnds iu the State of New- 
York that I could' not, for reasons of both public and private character, Ije a tan- 
didate for that high oliic^. Having thus advised lite-long friend.^ of ray purnoscK, 
those to whom I have been under so many ga-at and enduring obligations, it would 
not be honorable on my part to allow my name to be brought forward under circum- 
stances of apiwrent antagonism to them, when their views and commitments led 
them in another dire'cMon. [(^hecrs.] As a member of the New York delegation, 
I thougiit it would be advisable to place in nomination for the Presidency, an 
eminent jurist of that State. [Cheers.] I -was lead to that conclnsion, not by any 
doubt of the ability and patnotism of General McClellan, or from any want of 
regard for his jierspn or character, for I cherish a warm attachment for both.. . I know- 
that General iMcClellan never sought the nomination now conferred upon him. 
[Cheers.] I know from his declaration to myself and others that it would be more 



Democratic JSfational Convention. 45 

agroeablo to liim to resume his connection with the army of Lis country, than to 
occupy the Prcsidentiiil chair; but the wishes of the people have decided thai it 
shouki bo otherwise. [Apjiause.] 

1 wish to say a lew words wiili regard to the objeciions which have been urged 
against his nomination, and wliich have caused some excitement in this convention. 
I speak more jiarticularly of tlie olijections urged by (he delegation from Jiaryland. 
I did to one of its nieuibers an act of injustice by a decision, because I did not 
understand the purjiort of his remarks. It is due to . him, that I should 
Bay, that I am coniident that ^ he never meant to ta,ko x*'^i''^ i'l the pro- 
«ew^ing3 of- this body, withOiit submitting in an honorable manner to its 
decisions. [Cheers.] Willi respect to the orders issued by General Mc- 
Clellan affecting the citizens of that State, I niilst say that I do not 
approve of them; but they must not be viewed, iu thti' light which events have 
since thrown upon the policy of tlu^ administration. At that time the wisest and best 
men of our country bad conlidence in its purposes. Then, the President denounced 
meatmres which he has since adopted; then the friends of the Union in the border 
States were listened to by him, witli eveiy appearance of respect and defei'cnce. The 
mask bad not been thrown off, and obedience to his orders did not imply hostility 
to the riglita of States. We must bear in mind how at that moment the public was 
convulsed by a condition of atfairs without jirecedent. and by tpiestions which were 
suddenly ibrced upon the public attention, and with regard to which, public men 
were compelled to act without time for reflection. What man can say after looking 
back over his own action during the past three years, that he has not fallen into 
many and grave erroi's with respect to his duty? God knows?, I cannot, after re- 
viewing my own oflicial conduct, which was ever governed with an earnest and 
prayerful desire to do what was right. [Cheers.]. 1 canuot say that all my official 
action has been such, as at this time to commend itself even to my own approval. 

This is no time to ask, who have been right iu the past; but who are right now, 
and who will act in the future with a. single piirpose'to save our Union, our Consti- 
tution and our liberty. [Cheers.] We are now appealing to all classes of citizens 
to unite with us in this great object. It would be unjust to a multitude of men who 
voted to ])ut Aljrahain Lincoln into the presidential chair and who mean by their 
votes to put him out of it.Jto look backward, and to canvass past diif 'rences of 
opinions. [Loud cheering.] Would that we were able to draw a veil over the last 
three year's history of this country! Lotus forget the past, and devote ourselves 
in the future to the salvation of our country. [Cheers.] 

It is but just to say, of the distinguished general, whom we have in effect already 
placed in nomination, that there is no man living, who fei^ls more keenly than ho 
does, the wrongs which have been heaped on the State of Maryland, a State whose 
history is honorable, and which has e\er been ideutil'ied with all that is glorious, iu 
the history of our Union, in the better days of the R( ptiblic. [Cheers.] While I 
did not, in the delegation of which I aui a member, vote for placing him- in nomina- 
tion, I cannot refrain from saying in behalf of General McClellan what in my heart 
I feel to bo true, that when he is elected to the Presidential office, he will reflect 
with lidelity, boldness and zeal, the sentiments of i)atriotism and love o^libetty and. 
law, which animate the hearts of those who are here now assembled. [Long and 
continued clieering.] 

Mr. PIERCE, of Maine: , I trust nothing will occur to mar the good feeling and 
unanimity which should prevail in this convention to allow the delegation from 
Ohio, by commoir consent, to make such explanations as they may desire to offer in 
regard to the vote which Ohio has just now cast. 

Mr. THUFiMAN", of Ohio: The gentleman from Maine, is under an entire misap- 
prehension. I do not know that any gentleman desires to offer an explanation. 

Mr. ALLEN, of Ohio, We only ask for a little time to allow us to revise the vote 
of the State. [Cheers.] 

Mr. CUURCH, of New York', presented the following communication, which was 
read : 

*'71)«fte Pr.^siileiitof the Xn'lonal Dcnincratle Coni;entinn ; 

• " As clKiinium of llie ' People's League,' luundetl in isr4, r.nd as a delegate from the 
New York Nr.tinnl Deraocratic AssociaMon, wiiic™both .issociiitions no\7 aiuouut to over two hun- 
dipcl thou.-:ouil iii'iherent^ and members, I have been directed by luy constituents to offer the follow- 
irfi resolutiuns ; 

'■'■ Ilciiolcid^ Tlu'.t we, the German citizens, well linowirf; that in If^fiO a pveat nunibe- of our 
'mi^ed Gcim'an Ijntlinn contributed to the election of Abraham Lincoln, and tliereby assisted iu 



40 



Democratic National Convention. 



bringing our pregent calamUieB upon the shoulders of this now down-trodden cation, we now pUdf* 
oureelvfB to correct the deplorabU errors of our fellow countrymen, and to work, act and do «w 
utmoBtto elect a demooratic President, in order to get rid forever of Abrahajii Lincoln, and all van. 
adherini; to Ms criminal or desitoiiGiuoliualiona. 

" Hefohtd, Tliat we will go likeoNB mau for thenomineo of this democratic convention, firmi^ 
expect ng that his noble conceptions of pure democracy will bo our best shield against all cadeaTOT» 
JW endanger iMT rlsht of ant part of the people. 

(Signed.) " liix La^gskschwastc, 

" J 'topics P4ltffat<.'' 

Mr. ALIjEN, of Ohio : Tho delegates of Ohio hare revised their vot«, and n«v 
east for McClellan fifteen, and for Thomas II. Seymour aix. [Loud choers and tem* 
diaflatisfacllon.] * 

Mr. STUART, of Ohio: T came to this convention an anti-llcClelian man, umI 
I have done what little I could in my humble way to elect another man; but hav- 
ing become satisfied that Gen. McClellan is the choice not only of this convention, 
but of the great body of the people. 1 now move that Gen. McClellau'a nominatioa 
bo dcK'lared unanimous. [Loud cheers.] 

The i'KKSIDENT : Will the gentleman please wait until the vote ii announ««i* 

The SECRETARY: The vote stands as follows: For Gen. George B. McClellM, 
two hundred and two and a half electoral votes, and for Thomas II. Seymour, twentj- 
three and a half electoral votes. The complete revised ballot, showing tht Tot« 9I 
tho several States, is as follows: 

RBTISID BALLOT. 



Btaihu. 


1 GiouoaU. 
1 McClbllij. 


1 Thomas H. 
1 SBTiiora. 


Maine 


T 
ft 
5 
H 
A 
9 

: 

'.: 
11 

15 

16 
8 

7 
4 
8 
8 
8 


ES 
























New York 












Belaware 


« 




T 


Kentucky 




Ohio 


6 




8X 




Michigan 






4 






■Wisconsin 












Callfor'iia 






;■' 




28K 
161 


Necessary to a choice 



The announcement of the change of State after State to McClellan, was greened Vr 
bnrsta of applause from all parts of the house. But v.hen the result of the ballot 
was announced, as above, the vast audience purrendert d itself to the wildest enth»- 
aiaam. Shout after shout from tb.e assembled thousands, mingling with the thun- 
ders of cannon and the swelling ftrains of music, swept out from that building. F«r 
over fifteen minutes the tumuituuus applause continued. Gentlemen upon chairs 
swung their hats. Ladies waved their handkerchiefs. Every one joined in tb» 
grand shout of joy, caught up and echoed back asd back again by the eager an4 
enthusiastic thousands who were unable to gain admission. As the vast as.=emblag« 
was again subsiding to its wonted decorum, a number of members of the McClella* 
Executive Committee, of New York, entered the hall with a large and handsoK* 
banner bearing a portrait of the hero of Antietam, and the following emblaio«»d 
upon it in large characters : " McOkUan, our Counlry'a Hope and Pride;'' and ^^ 
I cannot have the command of even m^ ^oicn men, all J ask is to he permittfi te 
share their fate on the field c>f ha.lile:'' The banner was carried to the canopy be- 
hind the Presid-nt's "chair, where it was elevated amid the wildest enthusiasna af 
the people on the sight of that flag under which th« brave and gallaoit general gat# 
such dielinguished service to his country. 



Democratic National Convention. 47 

Gilmore's Band, from Boston, which had been introduced upon the floor, saluted 
the banner, with "Hail to tiie Chief!" This, a second time, invoked the enthusi- 
asm of the audience, which found expression aa before in thunders of applause and 
in the waving of hiiudlterchieffl. 

While the cheers were yet deafening, Mr. Val]andip;ham of Ohio, took the stand. 
The vast audience of tliousauds knew as by intuition, the words ho had to utter, and 
greeted him with a fresii burst of applausiC, so deaJeniag and continuous, that it was 
many minutes before silence could be restored sufficientiyfor his voice to he heard. 

Mr. VALLANDI(tH.\M, of Ohio : My position in regard to the question of can- 
cHdates, has not been doubtful previous to or since the commencement of the scSflion 
of the Convention ; butl am not of the number who resolved to support a candidate 
by beginning with a protestation against him. [Cheers.] From the first moment we 
assembled here to {the* last, 1 have been animated by but one sentiment, and 
that nearest my heart — in this convention peace, to the end that there may b» 
peace in the land. [Loud and tremendous applause.] I now move, Mr. President, 
that the nomination just announced be declared to be the unanimous sense of this 
eonrention. [Loud and long-continued cheering.] 

Mr. McKEON, of New York : I rise to aoeoud the motion of my friend froa 
Ohio. From tlie commeneemeni, as he has said, I have been in favor of peace ia 
Iftie Convention and peace in the land. [Cheers] I was in a minority in the dele- 
gation, and I am willing at all times to declare for whom I voted. My vote wai giv- 
en in the delegation to Charles O'Connor, of New York. [Applause.] I 
aowrise to say thr«t I shall give my support to Gen. George B. McClellan, witli all 
«be aeal and ail the industry of which I am capable. [Enthusiastic chaers.] I think 
^xe time has arrived when no further disseuiions ought to eiist in the democrati* 
party with regard to candidates. It is time to close up our ranks. [Cheers,] It i> 
iame for us to stand as one man. [Cheera-] It is time for us to show to the admin- 
istration that we have resolved that it shall close up on the fourth of March next. 
fGrest cheering and laughter.] There can and should be no dissensions amongst u» 
whila we are met face to face with our enemitts in politics. Let me tell you that if 
Mr. Lincoln ia re-elected, no one can tell the additional horrort that will come upon 
^is land. [Cheers.] There is not a man here of any note who will not be a marked 
man ; Ihere ia not a man here whose life, property and everything — whose wif», 
♦hildren and home — will not be in danger should such a deplorable result follow 
ga the election again of Abraliam Lincoln. [Cheer».] \7^are in the midst of a 
evolution — a bloody revolution, and the democratic party has risen up to stem th» 
bloody tide ; aud, in the name of the God of mercy, I beg of you, let us unite at one 
naan to restore the government of the tJnited States und«r the leadership of th« 
distinguished gentleman you have nominated. [Euthusiaalie cheering.] 

Mr. POWELL, of Kentucky : Gentlemen of the Convention, it ia well known, I 
suppose, to the members of the Convention, that the nominee was not my first 
•hoioe for the office of President. The portion of the Kentucky delegation of which 
I am A member, cast their vote for that distinguished patriot and statesman. Gov. 
Seymour, of Connecticut ; and wlien we found tiiat Gen. George B. McClellan re- 
ceived over two-thirds of the votes of the Convention, and not until then, we chang-- 
•d our vote and cast it for Gen. McClellan. [Loud cheers.] I fully approve of th« 
sentiment uttered by my distinguished friend from Ohio, Mr. Vallaiidigham, that 
ire desire pcaoe here that we may have peace throughout this broad land. [Cheers.] 
Allow me gentlemen, to urge you to unity — unity of action — for the sake of th» 
public liberties. Let us heal all of our dissensions. We have a corrupt and ua 
scrupulous foe in front of us, that has stricken down all the personal, political, and 
Mligious rights of the people of this country, so far as they dare do it. I l)eADv« 
Ihat the very destinies of the Republic are in the hands of the great demo(¥atie 
and conscrTative party of the country, and that, unless we oust the administration 
»ow in power, aud put in its place honest and true men, who will uphold the Consti- 
fcition and respect the rights of the people, the sun of American liberty has set fo?- 
•TCr. [Cheers.] Let me urge you then, every one of ynu, to lay aside personal 
feelings and prejudices of whatever kind, and f^tand together, shoulder to should&r, 
in order that we may carry the banners of the democratic party to victory under ths 
kadership of the gallant McClellan, [Loud cheerf.] Thi-re is something in tha 
feifltorv of our candidate that I would b« glad wer* blottsd cut forevsr ; lr.it I ho»- 



48 Democratic JSfational Convention. 

cstly believe that he is a puie patriot ami honest man. [Cheer«.] I do not approve 
and cannot approve of his action eonoerning tlip atrests in Marvland; hut I heli<?ve 
it was an indiscretion, eommitted in an uni-eflcctinfr niotncnt, and tliat, if tiiere now 
is an upright patriot in tlic land, it is thai zckIous and well-tried soldier. Gen. 
McClellan. [Loud c;!ieers.] If we .should sneeeed in eleetinfr him — nnd I believe 
we will most triuniphnnlly — I feel that we s-hall ?ee the Constitution of the country 
restored — the liberties of the Kepublie pt-eS(!'rved ; that we shall have no more su^pen- 
eion of the writ rd' hahi'as cnfjnis — no more arbitriiry arrest.'', irr defiance of the law; 
and, in a word. I believe that the jrovernment will l>e adniini-'tcred properly, accord- 
ing to the Constitution, and our liberties secured and protected from violence. [Loud 
cheers.] I have every conlidi^ice in the nominee of the Convention, as a mcst excel- 
lent and able man ; and I have no fear that while lie is President, anvrbody connect- 
ed with him will issue such orders as those issued in Maryland, which have beeo 
mentioned before this convention. You must remember that when he issued them 
he was a soldier serving in the army, not a politician. I believe that he was im- 
properly advised in thai matter ; and, sir, as a peace man who has opposed thi» war 
from tht! beginning, never having voted a man or a dollar to carry it on, I never will 
occupy the position of one approving of the war or of the unjust acts connected ^ith 
it;!)!!!! believe that Gen. McGUllan, as the noniineo of this convention, should 
receive my support, and he will have it — my' warm. hearty, zealous support. [Loud 
cheers ] As a member of the democratic jiarty, I never hare failed to go for its 
nominee; and although Gen. McClellan was not my favorite or first choice, yet I am 
ready, with all my heart and soul, to give him my strongest support as the standard- 
bearer ot the great deniocratic party. [Loud and long-continued applause.] 

Mr. SAULSBURY, of Delaware: I wish to say, sir. on behalf of the delegation 
from Delawnre and of the democracy of Delaware, that if the national democracy 
■will carry out th.e platform adoptert by this convention yesterday, and secure to us 
, in Delaware — who have long sulTered under the iron heel of despotic power — the 
blessings of conbtitutional freedom, we will give more votes, according to our pop- 
ulation, for Gen. George B. McClellan, than any other State in the Union. [Trei 
mendous applause.] 

The PRESIDENT : Gentlemen of the Convention, we are honored with the pre- 
sence here to-day, of one whose reputation has ever stood high with the American 
people and whose reputation i-i the more endeared to us from his connection with 
the memory of Andrew Jaek.son. [Loud che ;ts.] I call upon Senator Allen, of 
Ohio, to address the (invention. 

Mr. ALLEN, who was received with enthusiastic applause, spok?; as follows ; 

Gkxtlejien OF THK CoNVKNTiox : Men OF Amf.ric.v : During the last four years 
our rulers have been so unfortunate as to make political and military mistakes which 
have exposed this nation to the complicated dangers of disintegration, despotTsift 
and anarchy. [Cheers.] The people of the nation at large, irrespective of party 
badges or distinctions, have become appalled at the dangers which threaten it ift 
the near future, and have looked around to find on earth some power capable of 
rescuing tliem from these dangers to which they are exposed, and by which they 
are environed. Tiiey have found but one power, and that is the old democracy of 
the United States. [(Jreat cheering.] In obedience to the call of this endangered 
country, you have come forward here and tendered your services to aid the balance 
of your countrymen in the salvation of your country. [Cries of "good," and cheers.] 
Your deliberations are about to be brought to a conclusion ; and, fully aware that 
it was the unbn]>py split in our party four years ago which opened the way for the 
ingress of this destructive power, you arc now bound by your own allegiance to the 
Cotiatitution of your country to doe up your ranks and act unitedly, as the only 
me^s of saving it. [Ch.eers.] Hence it is that, notwithstanding the necessr.ry and 
unavoidable diversity of sentiment in regard to unimportant and irrele'^"ant issues, 
and in regard to the individuals named for the great office of President, in the end 
we behold what we are about to enjoy — the grand consummation of the union of 
the democratic party first, and then the Union of the States. [Loud cheers.] Whilst 
>there is a democrat in the land whose reason is not obscured by error, and whose 
heart is undau'ted by danger, there need be no despair of the Union or of the lib- 
erties of th*^ people. The people have done wisely in calling the democracy to 
make this great effoi t for the country. 1 think they have done wisely, because our 



Democratic National Convention, 49 

party, the great democracy, can say — what no political party on earth can say — 
that before the breaking out of our troubles and the commencement of the war it 
acquired all the territory of the Union, carried the country successfully through 
two foreign'wars, and so administered the governmenc as to leave the people, at the 
end of its lengthened term of oiReo, happy, prosperous and contented. [Cheers.] 
The States were then all in theii* proper places within the Union, and under the 
Constitution, and that Constitution four years ago remained as uncontaminated and 
unbroken as when it received the signature of the Father of his Country. With 
such a record for the party in the past, what could the nation do than see for itself 
that tliat body has never betrayed us, and that under its wise administration we 
prospered and were happy. Under it we put down Hartford nuUitlcation and fc'outh 
Carolina nullification without drawing a drop of blood. [Cheers.] We never drew 
a drop of blood, and we can say what no government on. earth could say before, 
that under our auniinistration peace, and harmony prevailed, though the country ex- 
tended over thirty-four States, a space well nigh as large as the whole of Europe; 
occupied by a population made up from all parts of the world, speaking nearly all 
languages and entertaining all manner of religious sentiments, and spread over a 
land with a diversity of climate and having a variety of local interests. 

We maintained happiness and prosperity ajJlong as the democratic party had con- 
trol of the government. [Loud cheers.] We administered the government without 
having, drawn a drop of blood for a political oflense. [Renewed cheers.] Our 
President put down tAvo such local difficulties as that which existed in. the South 
in 1859 without even drawing a sword. How many men, I would like to ask, were 
murdered, and how long did the civil war last, in putting down the Hartford con- 
vention? [Applause.] Mr. Madison was then in power. Where are the thousands 
nnd hundreds of thousands who by his order lost their lives in putting that insur- 
rection down? Why, sir, he never injured even a pumpkin. [Laughter and 
cheers.] How was it in South Carolina, that State which threatened to secede from 
the Union in 1833 ? Andrew Jackson was then in power as President. Did }\e 
murder hundreds' of thousands of citizens to get rid of that local difficulty ? Therp 
was not a word of it ; but on the contrary he appealed in a great proclamation to. 
the reason and sense of the people to maintain the Union and the country. He'did 
what every democrat had done before him, and Avill do afterwards — he assumecVti^e,, 
proposition that mankind was capable of self-government, and that human reasqa 
was sufficient to maintain it without powder and steel. [Loud and enthusiiistid ' 
cheering.] '',,*- 

The illustrious and eminent gentleman who presides over the deliberations of "this '. 
body, threw out some remark.? the otlier day, in his inaugural address, which, -iji 
my judgment, were eminently proper to be consiilered. and acted upon by evreyr 
democrat. One of the difficulties which you will have will be in getting all tH«*' 
votes you want, and the way you can get them is by adopting the idea of our illil^; ; 
trious president in this convention ; and that is to proclaim that we are not seek'ug 
pbwerto massacre our enemies. Not at all. The men of the South were never SO" 
well protected as wo used to protect them, and they never will be so well protecte.d 
as we will protect them if they will come back. States as well as individuals will 
be regarded, for our administration, if elected by the democratic party, will thereby 
be placed under the wholesome restraint and direction of democratic instincts^ ' 
[Applause.] That administration, instead of becoming the enemy and persecutor of- 
any part of our people, will act like that celebrated woman in modern history, t"^e' 
first Catharine of Russia, a peasant girl born, by a marriage with Peter the Great 
and upon the death of her husband, the sole sovereign of the Russian Empire. 
The first act of her power was to issue an order that all the gallows and gibbets 
of the country should be pulled down, [applause,] and that all the instruments of 
human torture should be broken to pieces. [Renewed cheering.] That is the spirit 
in which we commence tins contest. We will have no bastiles put up, but we will 
have the present bastiles opened and cleaned out. [Tremendous cheering.] Our 
President will be the friend and guardian and protector, in obedience to and within 
the limits of the constitution, of every State, and of every man, woman and child 
within the sweep of our flag. [Applause.] In this spirit we will go into this con- 
test. In this spirit we will present ourselves with a fascination so great that the 
thnid republicuns, who are now afraid that we will be do\^n upon them with more 



60. X>emoeratic National Gotivention. 

blood and more taxes, will come to our camp and sit in protection under the broad 
aegis of the constitution and the law, as administered by the iaithful interpreters of 
that constitution, the democratic nominees. As matters stand wc have been in 
somewhat of a predicament for the last three or four years. The democratic party 
during that time has been without any organized representation. With the excep- 
tion of the State of New York, and the smaller State of New Jersey, there was not 
an organic thing on this continont that was not against us. The Federal govem- 
ment,including the army and navy, was in the hands of Mr. Lincoln. State govern- 
ments, with the two exceptions mentioned, were all against us ; and yet, with all 
this organic power opposed to us, what do we behold ? Why, we behold a rising 
power from among the body of the people — a spontaneous current made up of the 
contribution of individual wills, and individual feelings ; and tjiat power is so great 
as to make Mr. Lincoln and his people tremble in their boots. [Chcers.J We hare 
not a musket ; We don't want any — wc don't need any. We have the ballot box, 
we have tickets, we have human reason, and all we ask of Mr. Lincoln is, that he 
will keep the road to the ballot box unobstructed by fraud or force; that he will 
keep that road open to the people ; give us a clean ticket and a fair count out. 
[Laughter and applause.] That is all we want. We do not care how many rcTOlr- 
ers he has so that he will just keep them away irom the people. We want him to 
do that. Mark you ! We don't want him to interfere, and I dont think ho wtll try 
it after this demonstration. 

Now my friends, I know how anxious you all are to get through with the gloriouB 
doinga of this day. I am not going to detain you,. Nor am I going to say that I will 
support the ticket. Great God ! I never did anytning else. [Cheers.] I will 
not only support it, but I will do it with all my heart, with all my might, and with 
all cheerfulness. I once voted for a man on the democratic ticket for Congress, and 
refused to speak to him as I returned from the polls, because he was on the ticket ; 
and, my friends, I take it for granted, and always have taken it for granted, that» 
whatever else happens in the world, God and the people can't be wrong [Applause.J 
I^c'ame here without any personal feelings in this business. I have no desire but 
that ihe desire of others shall be gratified. I think now that any fears which some 
of ou'r friends may have entertained in regard to this eminent man already nomi- 
natod are without any foundation. I will tell you why. We have had Presidents 
of" the United States before this who commanded the whole army and navy, and 
wor4 victorious Generals. Did they do us any harm ? Did Andrew Jackson enslave 
his' country! [Loud and enthusiastic cheering.] Did ho employ armies to Bilence 
fh> c'lamors of a few factionists in South Carolina ? Not at all. IIow many men 
did he send to the Bastile ? Not one. He was a military man, with military in- 
R+incls as strong as Gen. McClellan, and with this difference: t ;at Jaekson came in 
npoii his own popularity, and McClellan comes in as a man believed by the demo- 
cratic party to be fittest for this particular emergency. McClellan has been sug- 
gesrtod by the perilous condition of the country for reasons, all of which have been 
given to the people ; but it makes no difference whether they have been given to 
the people or not ; there is a secret instinct in the breast of every democrat which 
Jifn'ight, when ho is alone and passes his eye over the darkened aspect of this 
cb'untry, will lead him to feel and see a reason to have some person of McClellan'a 
ft-ipe near at hand. [Applause.] Do you understand it? The army, the great 
citizen army does not belong to any one man in this country. It belongs to the 
people ; it is a part of the people ; it is under the patronage and proteetion of the 
{People ; and the army know what we mean very well. They know that we 
don't intend to say to them, " Go on, you brutes, into the field ; no matter how 
many thousands of you are slaughtered to-day, I will draw a drag-not through the 
country and haul up as many more to be slaughtered to-morrow." [Loud eheers. ] 
Nothing of that kind. We don't want a cold-blooded joker at Washington who, 
while the District of Columbia is infested with hospitals, and the atmosphere bur- 
dened by the groans and sighs of our mangled conutrymen, when he can spare a 
minute from Joe Miller's jest book, looks out upon the acres of hospitals and inquires 
" What houses are those ! " We want a man who can entertain a proper apprecia- 
tion of their sufferings — a man who knows what a soldier means when he points to 
a missing arm and says : "This arm was lost at such a battle ; " or raising a muti- 
lated hand, says: "This hand was fractured at sueh a battle — this limb was brok- 



Democratic JSfational Convention. Si" 

en at such a battle, where I fought at your order in defence of the government of 
my country, as you told me." AVhen a soldier comes to George B. McClellan he 
will not be answered in a ribald joke. The soldiers all understand this thing. 
They know what the Democratic party jneans ; that so long as the army exists under 
democratic rule, the braye children of the country who have enrolled themselves 
under its banners will be respected, regarded and cared for, their pensions paid, 
their families piovided for, because there will be some humanity as well as blood in 
this business. There will bo no call upon half a million of young men to go and be 
cut to pieces under any pretence, hashed worse than animals, worse than the Roman 
gladiators, and then come back to be paid ofl' with a jest. [Cheers.] They will all 
know, every jone of them, that Gen. McClellan is no joker, and will know every 
one of them, when they are told to fight that it will be for something that is constitu- 
tional and legitimate, and when they are told the fighting is ended they will be 
willing to say, "Well, General, Mr President, I expect you are about right." 
Willingly and cheerfully they will acquiesce in the decision of the nation as exhib- 
ited in the person of the President. The army will throw up their caps in spite of 
subordinates, because the election of Gen. McClellan will re-connect them with the 
people. Hitherto orders have been issued and plans devised to cut off the army 
from the people, to separate and array them against each other, and that has beea 
the great danger of the last four years. This vote will re-eonnoct the army with the 

feople, and give the civil the paramount authority over the military of the country. 
Loud cheers.] 

Mr. BOGY, of Missouri : Gentlemen of the convention, I will detain you but 
one moment. I am a delegate to this Convention from the State of Missouri. I 
came here for peace. We all came from Missouri here, for peace. I was one of 
those who believed that the best seaurity for peace was the selection of some one 
of the many civilians and statesmen of our country. My choice was for the distin- 
guished gentleman who presides over this our assembly. [Cheers.] But as we 
failed in obtaining our choice, I have no hesitation in saying that I am in farcr of 
making the selection of Gen. McClellan the unanimous one of this Conventbn. 
[Renewed cheering.] Our State is a vast scene of desolation ; it is overrun with. 
hostile bands ; every man and every woman is bleeding in the land, we are a^ ^nb-. 
jugated, a conquered, and a tyranized people. We know what war is, and we T^ish 
to appreciate what peace is. We have struggled between two armies ; henco vj^ 
are in favor of peace, and of peacefvd measures to end this war. Having failed :u 
securing our choice, I have but to say, that we will rally around the nominee of this- 
Convention, and that Missouri and Kentucky, who met in eonsultation last nfght,^ 
will go arm in arm, and hand in hand, to drive from our respective soils the bj^y')- 
net, and restore once more peace to our whole country. No pen can describe ilieL" 
condition of these States — even the papers of our country dare not state it. Fre"** ' 
press and free speech does not exist at all. We hope that the proceedings of tKig 
Convention, and the workings and doings of this Convention, will restore peace ; 
we want peace; we need peace; and we expect you of the Northern States, you of 
the free States, who know nothing of war, to protect us in our rights. * I thank yov. 
for your attention. [Applause.] ' .^ 

The PRESIDENT : We have heard from a distinguished friend of Andrew Jack- 
son ; You will now listen to the words of one whow a.s the first friend of Henry Cay 
during his life time ; and if he had lived till now, God knows he would have baetl" 
with us. 

Mr. JAMES E. THAYER, of New York, said: '-^-'^ 

Mb. President and Gentlemex of the Cok-ventiox: It may be considered 
inappropriate by some, for a member of this convention to rise at such an hour as 
this to make a speech, but as I have said nothing since I have been here, I beg the 
convention will excuse me for occupying a small portion of its tiu^. I know that 
this is not a place for words, but it is tlie grandest stage of human action of our day and 
generation, and for the future of our country. It will be marked in my judgment, 
as a great event in history, that the Democratic party assembled in .solemn council 
in 1864. Three years and a half of civil war, that has destroyed many things and 
changed almost everything, leaves to-day the Dcmocraric party indestructible and 
unchanged. Amid all the rude shocks of the conflict, with some aberation of its 
own, you can still mark the grand curve of its orbit, and hold to the promise that 



52 Democratic National Convention, 

• 

it will circle round to (be fulOllment ol' its higbost, grandest destiny— the rcconstmc- ■ 
tion of the Union, and tberc-cstablisbmentof the Constitution. [Applause.] And 
this, while all other parlies, factions and organizations, after a too long revelry in 
the guilty glory of this war, self destructive, are about to expire in the very chaos 
and ruin they have produced. To-day tlie Democratic jiarty^ with imposing and 
august aspect, sends furth its heralds for the campaign of LSG4, wilh Washington as 
a sacred memory, and McClellan as the living leader. [Tiunulluous applause.]. 
And now let nie ask you, as you come from the North and the East, what will yoit 
do? What answer does New Hampshire, Jfainc, and Vermont make from their 
mountain homes; ami old Massachusetts, from the .sweet swelling mound of Bunker 
Hill; what say you? And Connecticut, from the shadow of your Charter Oak, 
what is your respon.se? (A voice: "The Constitution and the Union.") The 
Union, the Constitution, is your answer! New-York, wiih her empire voice^ re- 
sponds to this^ and tells yoti' here to-day, that on the platform and jirinciplcs laid 
down we will reconstruct our government, and again restore to this land, peace^^ 
prosperity and happiness to all. (Great applause.) Ono word here, and it is this: 
we want in this contest brave men. We have a platfonn, we have a candidate, and 
will you not come up, ye men who have the confidence of the Democracy of ^his 
country, in the North, in the central states, and over tlie West? We want, I say, 
hrave and intrejiid men, because no man knows what is in the future. Do you not 
see that while this convention has been in session the administration is attempting 
to strip your Western States of your sovereign robes of power, and. twisting them 
into' a bow-string, strangle you, and throw you helj»less upon the Bosphorus wave, 
where you and all your liberties will siak'to rise no more. (Voices — "They cannot 
do it.") I do uQt believe they can do it; but let the men stand forth — ^men who will 
accept the present and all the futiure issues of thi.s cdntest in all the grandeur, if 
need be, of accepted death [applause] — men like Mirabeau, in the French revohi- 
tioii, who, when the populace cried, '-Grand trea.'^on of Connt Mijtibeau," and their 
voice rose to the cry of the lantern and he marched to the tribune, and his friends 
whispered of danger, said, "I know it, and I come from it witii victoiy, or to be ■ 
torfi in fragments." [Applau.se.] He came in triumph as all men will come when 
they rlb'e to that sublime altitude in public affairs where they sti'ike the stars, and 
poiniwith their sovereign lingers the pal h in which the people will fiJlow them. 
TMt°lS"what we want, and we will have Union, and peace with Union; that is the 
volc^ oY New York. Who, in reviewing the last three years and a half, has not 
oftcil despaired of the Union, and of the Constitution, and of peace? How often 
have ■s\e thought that the storm of devolution would not abate: that no subsiding 
waVie' -ivould reveal the mountain top, and that the dove of peace would fold at last 
,' h^r tired, baftled wing, and sink to a cold, wild, ocean grave. But here, under the 
auspices of the Democratic party, announcing that they are for the Union, 'hey give- 
,'• viKiJwith the Union the promise of peace. When the windows are opened the white- 
■WjBei'jd messenger will come back with the leaf plucked off, the olive leaf in her 
:£H:vti<;h. [Applause.] Wait a little longer, and when she goes forth again she will 
i\otC(!™e back to us any more, for there will be no more blood, no more tears, for 
the f&ce of the land will be dry. [Applause.] And how will the patriotic hearts 
of diib people of this coiintry thank you that you have given tbem the promise of a 
reStared Union, of a re-established Constitution. How will taey thank you-—the 
' fii;,st; body of men that have assembled within the last four years to utter any political 
ifoctiines or principles— that, in your calm delil)erations, in your solemn judgment, 
yoii'have closed your eves for oTie moment to the sound of martial airs — the rustling 
of' banners, and the tramp of armed men; that you have turned away from ensan- 
guined fields, where blood runs and men are dying, to breathe an atmosphere melo- 
dious only with the harmony and beauty ot nature, where you can listen to the 
songs of birds and the music of water- falls." They will thank God that, if we cannot 
have an abiding and lasting peace, we shall have, at least, a moment in which to 
cool this quick round of the blood and calm this wild and fevered brow of a nations 
delir'.um, ere the golden bowl is broken and the silver cord is loosed for ever and 
forever. Aye, and if the Democratic party to-day was in power, and could send 
forth its promise to the people of this land, what a choius of joy would ascend to 
heavKB at the prospect that the Union with the Constitution restored and peace fol- 
lowing, would be breught home to them! IIow many hearts would thank you if 
the suu, for one autumnal month, would ripen the fruits of the season without- 



■Democratic JSTatlonal Convention. 53 

lighting tli&way of contending armies to battle, to murder and to sadden de^th; if 
we could gaze on one moon as it fulls and wanes, whose pale, cold beams did not 
fall on ten thousand, twice ten thousand, new-made graves of the best and bravest 
men that ever knew a mother's prayers, a wife's love, a sister's' smile, and an old 
man's blessing. [Applause.] This, this is the august task undertaken by the 
Democratic party — the preservation of our Union, the re-establishment of our Con- 
stitution, and the restoration of peaoe. It stands, to-day, proud iu its history, con- 
fident in the past, hopeful for the future. Yea, and from this point it moves :^or- 
ward to its great work. Come up, then, from the West, from the North, from the 
.East, and the central States, and dedicate yourselves to this grand mission. To-day 
the shouts that go forth from this convention, of " McClellan ! McClellan, for the 
leader ! " [cheers,] shall blanch with a deadlier liue the pale-blooded cheek of abo- 
litionism than did the cry of " The champion! the champion ! " in the lists of Tem- 
j)lestowe the faces of those who saw Wilfred of Ivanhoe appear to the rescue of the 
fair Rebecca. They think that the chair is drawn to the I'uneral pile, that the shad- 
ows have changed on the dial ; but the footsteps of the champion are heard— he 
comes, and the Union and the Constitution shall be preserved from the sacrifice. 
Beit ours, then, in tlie fulness of tnist in the God of our fitliors, with every confi- 
dence iu the leader whom we have chosen — the man I haye iievcr seen, his form 
and features I do not know; but this I do know, that he is admitted to be the first 
soldier of the country, and so far as his character is concerned, we all know that ho 
is a man of dauntless will and stainless honor. And I believe he has that order of 
mind of which statesmen arc made, that he has the ability to comprehend and the 
will to execute the policy and plans that will save our governme.nt. The popular 
instinct found him and called him forth ; and to-day the genius of his country drops 
her inspiring mantle upon him, and he becomes the chosen instrument to restore the 
Union of the whole and preserve the liberties of all. In all history I find no exam- 
ple that surpasses that magnanimity of character, that touches the so\d and' has more 
of magnetic power than anything else. Notliing can surpass that noble equanimity 
of character that, tried by both extremes of fortune, praise and persecution, has not ' 
failed in either. [Applause.] Stand, then, gcntlmion, l)y tl>e democratic platform 
in all its length and breadth, accept your leader as the choice of the people, indi- 
cated aiid approved by yourselves ; let thatn.ame go forth — ''McClellan! McClellan 
for a leader," — across your western prairies, beyond the mountains, down the slope, 
until it mingles with the murmur of the tranquil occauj^ let it pass to the -East, and 
go up to those beyond your great lakes, and they will rc-ocho it — "McClellan! Mc- 
Clellan for our leader!" and take care, ye men of the West, that when we throng 
that crowded avenue on the pvcijtfid day. in; November next, the banner of .New 
York — '■' Excelsior" — is not i-aised higher than any that shall rise beyond the great 
lakes. [Great Applause.] ' 

THE RELTSASK OP POLITICAL PlilSOXERS. 

Mr. WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky, offered the following resolution: 

^solv(d, Tliat Kcntuclcy expects of the democratic PvesiiJcnt who will ho elected in Novemher, 
thatliis fuTjit official act will be Iu throw open Abraham Lincoln's prison iloois, and let tlie captives 
free. : ■ 

A DELEGATE suggested that it would be better to modily the resolution so as to 
make it read " political j)rioouers." •' ' 

Mr. WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky: There arc no others. [L.aughter and cheers.] 
I know among others a ease in which thirty-five women of the highest character 
were dragged from their houses in Kentucky and imprisoned at Louisville, and the 
newspapers were forbidden to publish the fact to the people of the United States. 
But I, hero, a't the risk of arrest, pi^blish tlie facts and denounce the tyranny that 
accomplished it as the most vile under the sun. 

[The resolution was unanimously adopted.] 

Mr. REILEY, of Penjusylvaniu moved to adjourn. 

Mr. JOHNSbN, of rennsylvania: I hope my colleague will reconsider the motion 
and withdraw it. There is no reason why we should have bo long a recess as unt 
four o'clock. , , . , • 

Mr. REILEY, of Pennsvlvania : I withdraw the motion. 



5i Democratic National Convention. 

THE NOMINATION FOR THE VICE rRESIDENCY. 
Mr. COX, of Ohio, offered the following resolution : 

JlMohtd, That we proceed to the nomination of a candidate for the Ylc« Presidency without 
debate and witliout iuterrention of other business. 

Which was adopted. 

The PRESIDENT: With the consent of the Convention, and as the resolution 
may find some of the delegates unprepared, I suggest that a little time elapse before 
the Secretary calls the roll. 

Mr. ALLEN, of Ohio : I desire, sir, to present, in behalf of the State of Ohio, 
Hon. George H. Pendleton, as the candidate for the Vice Presidency of the United 
States. [Prolonged cheering.] Time will not permit me to do the gentleman tho 
justice which I should take so much pleasure in doing. I will only say that, as a 
man, he possesses great ability; as a democrat, the purest virtue — a man of honor, 
integrity, and a gentleman of truth. We nominate him with pride and pleasure ou 
the part of the State of Ohio. 

The PRESIDENT : I would suggest that the gentlemen who bring the names of 
candidates before the Convention will introduce the name without remarks or com- 
ment, to facilitate business. No man will be named here whose reputation will not 
be known to us all. 

Mr. McDonald, of Indiana, nominated Hon. Daniel W. Voorhees, of Indiana. 
Mr. HUGHES, of Pennsylvania, on behalf of the delegation from that State, 
nominated Hon. George W. Cass, of Pennsylvania. 

( Mr. DICKEY, of Vermont, nominated Hon. James Guthrie, of Kentucky. 

1 Mr. McHENRY, of Iowa, nominated Gen. Augustus C. Dodge, of Iowa. 

Mr. HICKOX, of Illinois, nominated Hon. John D. Caton, of Illinois. 

Mr. HUNT, of New York : I rise, sir, on behalf of a large portion of the New 
York delegation, to second the nomination which has been made by — 

Mr. VALLANDIGHAM, of Ohio [interrupting] : I understood that all nomina- 
tions were to be offered and seconded without debate. 

The PRESIDENT : Such is the ca'^e. 

Mr. HUNT, of New York, then seconded the nomination of Hon. James Guthrie, 
of Kentucky. 

Mr. SAULSBURY, of Delaware, nominated Hon. Lazarus W. Powell, of Ken- 
tucky. 

Mr. ORR, of Missouri, nominated Hon. J. S. Phelps, of Missouri. 

Mr. STOCKTON, of New Jersey, seconded the nomination of Mr. Pendleton. 

Mr. CARMICHAEL, of Maryland, seconded the npmination of Mr Powell. 

Mr. RADFORD, of New York, seconded the nomination of Mr. Pendleton. 

Mr. CLARKE, of Wisconsin, also seconded the nomination of Mr. Pendleton. 

[Here a recess was taken for the space of a few minutes. The President having 
at length called the Convention to order,] 

.Mr. CRAWFORD, of Pennsylvania: I desire to offer a resolution touching the 
matter of the nomination for the Vice Presidency, as follows : 

Tl^fioh'fd, That, with a view to preserve the national character of the democratic party, the dele- 
gationF Boult of Mason's and Dixon's line be requested to select a suitable candidate for Vice Pregi- 
deut for the consideration of this convenlion. 

The PRESIDENT: I suppose under the rule adopted the resolution would net 
be in order. It was read for information. If the gentlemen are prepared to vote, 
•we will proceed to call the States. [Cries of " Vote, vote."] 

The SECRETARY: Gentlemen will remember that they vote for Vice Presi- 
dent in the same manner as they voted for President ; through the chairman of the 
delegation and by electoral votes. 

The States were then called in order, with the following result: 



Democratic National Conveyition. 



65 



FIRST BALLOT. 



States. 


Pendlb- 

TON. 


VOOR- 

HBDS. 


Cass. 


GUTH- 
RIB. 


DODQl. 


CATOK. 


Powbll'Phblps. 


Blake. 


Maine 


4 
8 

"si 
"i" 

■21' 
■'ii 

55i 


.... 

•l8- 

.... 

13 


'aj' 


2 

"h 
"ii 




'io' 

16 


""i 

1 

.... 
3 


:::: 

i 




Kew Hampuhire... 
Vermont.. 




Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Csnnecticut 

Kew York 

Kew Jer8e.y 

Pennsylvania 

Delaware 


4 


Maryland 




Ohio 




Indiana 








Michigan 








Minne^ota 

Wisconsin 

Iowa 

Kansas 

California 

^EOD 






■ 


Totals 


26 


9 


i 





2*2«. 




.. 1M 





The SECRETARY: I will announce the rote. For Hon James Guthrie of Ken- 
tucky, 65-J^ votes ; for Hod. George H. Pendleton, of Ohio, 55^ votes ; for Hon. L. 
W. Powell, of Kentucky, 32^ votes ; for Hon. J. H, Caton, of Hlinois, 16 votes; for 
G. W. Cass, of Pennsylvania, 26 votes; for Hon. D. W. Voorhees, of Indiana, 13 
TOtes ; for Hon. John J. Phelps, 8 votes : for Hon. A. C. Dodge, 9 votos ; for blank, 
^ vote. There is no choice and the convention will proceed to ballot again. 

Pending the call of the States, 

Mr. HICKOX, of Illinois, said: The delegation from Illinois, understanding that 
Hon. Mr. Caton withdraws his name, oasts her vote for George H. Pendleton, of 
Ohio. [Loud cheering.] 

Mr. PARKER, of New York: Having oast her vote once entire for Hon. James 
Guthrie, against his wishes, Now York now votes its entire strength, thirty-three 
votes, for Hon. George H. Pendleton, of Ohio. [Great applause.] 

Mr. POWELL, of Kentucky: I have the honor, sir. while thanking the eonven- 
tion, to withdraw my name from this canvass. The delegation from Kentucky, 
which I have the honor to represent, wovdd oliange its vote that it be cast for 
George H. Pendleton, of Ohio. [Enthusiastic cheering.] 

Mr. ROBINSON, of Kentucky: At the request of Mr. Guthrie, I desire to with- 
draw his name from the canvass, and the votes given for him are now cast for 
George H. Pendleton, of Ohio. [Great applause.] 

Mr. PRICE, of Missouri : Missouri withdraws the name of John L. Phelps, and 
casts her entire vote for Hon. George H. Pendleton, of Ohio. 

The remaining States were then called, and each State recorded its vote for 
George H. Pendleton. 

The SECRETARY : That makes the unanimous vote of this Convention in favor 
of Hon. George H. Pendleton, of Ohio.. [Deafening and long-continued applause, 
mingled with many cries for Mr. Pendleton to come forward.] 

Hon. GEORGE H. PENDLETON, of Ohio, the nominee for Vice President, theu 
took the stand, and addressing the convention said : 

Mr. Pbeside.xt, and Gentlemen oe the Convention — I have received with pro- 
found sensibility tliis mark of the confidence and kindness of the democracy of the 
United States. I can say no more than this now. You will consider said all that is 
proper for me to say upon an occasion of this kind. I can only promise, in future, 
to endeavor, with the same fidelity that I have tried to exorcise in the past — in en- 
tire devotion to those principles which lie at tbe very foundation of our government, 
and which are the basis of the Federal Constitution, and of the rights of the States 



66 DemocratiG National Co7ive>ition. 

and of the liberties of the individual citizens — [immense applause] — shall cndearor 
to be faithful to those principles which lie at the very Vjottom of the organization of 
the democratic party. And I hope, aye, my friends,, aniniutcd with the fervent hope 
that if, by the selection of proper men, wc can give a true and faithful application 
to those principles, we will again build up the shattered fabric of our ^veniment 
and hand it to the next generation as we received it from the past^ — the most beauti- 
ful structure of government which tlie woi'Id has ever seen. I again tender to you, 
gentlemen, my grateful acknowledgments for the compliment you have done me, 
and leave the floor. [Loud and long-continued cheers.] 

COMMITTEE TO INFORM THE CAyiHUATES OK THEIR NOMINATION. 
- Mr. GREEN, of New York, moved that it be 

Rewlvcd, That a committee of nine be appointcil by the chair, to announce the nomination of our 
candidates I'ov Prt-sident and Vice I'lesidcni, and to retjuest their acceptance of the same, upon the 
platform of principles adopted by tills Convention. * 

Mr I'ETKIKEN, of Pennsylvania, moved to amend that the committee consist of 
one person to be selected from. the delegation of each State. 

The amendment prevailed, • 

Mr FULLEi;, of Illinois: I offer an amendment to the resolution as amended, 
that the ]'r(-sident of this Convention be an additional member of the committee, 
and fi' offir'io the chairman thereof. 

The amendment prevailed and the resolution a^ amended was adopted. 

The following committee was appointed : 

Horatio Seymour, New York, ( hairfonn. 



John Bigler, Califor 

Joseph K. Smith, Maine. 

.'ohn M. Douglas, IHiuois. 

Walter F. Curch, Mis^^ouri. 

James Guthrie, Kentucky. 

John A. Green,, jr.. New Yorlc,- 

Isaac Lawrence, Uhode Iflnnd. 

Alfreil P. Kd},'frton, Indiana. 

George W. Uarrington, New Uampshire. 

Alfred E. liurr, Coiiiieetieut. 

Charles Negus, Inwa. 

■Wilson Shannon, Kansas. 



Hugh McCurdy, Michigan. 
George M. Carman, .Maryland. 
Theodore Uunvan, New Jersey. 
Charles A Wickliffe, Kentucky. 
John Cain, A'ermont. 
Kenjannn ?l»rk, Oregon. 
Johc -Merritt, Delaware, 
.lohn U. Sti! 'S, I'tnnsylvanla. 
George W. Morgan, Ohio. 
.'. (i. Abbott, Massachusetts. 
C. H. Berry, Minnesota. 
W. T. Galloway, Wisconsin. 



COMMUNICATION FROM TAMMANT HALL. 

Mr. BELMONT, of New York : I have received a communication from the Dem- 
ocratic Generjd Committee of Tammany Uall and I hope it will be read. In connec- 
tion with this allow me to sav that the deinocraoy of New. York, in November next, 
will roll up a majority of fifty thousand for McClellan and Fendleton. [Applan.se.] 

The following communication, presented by Mr. Belmont, was then read : 

■1 " Nbw York, August 2Tth, 1864. 

" To thf CTiairmnn nf t>ti' KHinyial Democratic OnnvenUon, Chicago lUinrns: 

"At a large and enthusiastic meeting of the Democratic General Committee of Tammany Hall, 
the following resolutions, offered by Hon. Elijah F, Purdy, were unanimously adopted and ordered 
to betransmi'tcd to the National Convention at Cliicr.go. 

" WuEUKAS, Taiiimaoy Hall was not represented in the late State Convention which elected del- 
egates to the National Convention at Chicago, and thus the democracy of the CSty of New Nork. 
for the Crst time, are not duly represented in a Democratic Pre^i.lential Conyentiou; and 

" Wi'iereas. We regard the "harmony and successof the Democraitc party as essential to the peace 
and the final restoration of the Union and paramount to any question of local organization, and will, 
therefore, abstain from the e.\ercise of our right to send delegates to Chicago, that the_ State of New 
York may present an unbroken front and speak tvith an individual V oice in the national council ; 
nevertheless Tammany Hall cannot refrain from giving expression to the universal and emphatic 
demand of the democracy of New York for the nomination of a candidate for the Presidency; there- 
fore be it J , . 

"Jirsnlved. That wc most earnestly recommend the nomination of the great commander of the age, 
George li. McClellan, for theolTice of President of the United Slates. 

Jietolved, That the nomination of George B. McClellan for the presidency will at once restore hope 
and confidence to the country, giving to the people their own chosen leader and the most capable man 
to direct the destinies of the nation in this terrible crisis, and to restore our now divided and suffering 
country to unity, prosperity and happiness. 

Eesol.ved, ■that this DL'mocratic Kepublican General Committee, assembled in our time-honored 
headquarters, old Taraman.y Hall, representing as we do the democr.ncy of the city of New York, 
re-aSirm and renew our fealty to the Uijion, the constitution, and the supremacy of the laws, and 
our fixed determination to sustain, presevye ;ind def.^nd them as formed by our patriotic forefathers, 
and transmitted to us as a rich heritage for preservation ; and that we hereby pledge ourselves, one 



Democratic ISfational Convention. 51 

to the other, to vest not from our labors, nor cease in our exertions, until the stars and stripes again 
float proudly in the breeze over every foot of ground on ttie American Continent, with one Union, 
one constitution, and one government for the American People. 

"Resolved, That a committee of one from each ward be appointed to make arrangements for a 
jji'and mass ratification meeting of the nominations of the national convention for I'resident and 
Vice President. 

(Signed) "Peter B. Swebxey, Chainaan 2>ro teTn. 

" Wm. HiLcrfMAN, Sam. T. Webster, Secretaries." 

RESOLUTIONS. 

Mr. BROWN, of Delaware, moved, and it was 

Reanlved, That one person from each State, to be selected by the delegation thereof, be appointed 
to form a National Executive Committee. 

3Ir. TILDEN, of New York, moved, and it was 

lieftolved. That the same rule, in respect to the organization of, and representation in, the nezt 
democratic convention, be adopted, which exists, and is in operation in this body. 

Mr. STILES, of Pennsylvania, moved, and it was 

Resolved, That this convention unanimously present their thanks to the citizens of the city of 
Chicago for their hospitality to members of this convention, and to the people in attendance upon 
its proceedings. 

Mr. AUGTJSTE, of Pennsylvania, moved, and it was 

Resolved, Tiiat this convention recommend to tlie democracy of the Pnited States to meet in mass 
meeting in their several States, districts and counties, to ratify the nominations to-day made by 
this convention, upon the ITth of September next, the anniversary of the, adoption of the Federal 
constitution. 

Mr. CURTISS, of Pennsylvania, moved, and it was 

Resolved, That fifty thousand copies of the proceedings of this convention be^printed and scat- 
tered amoni? its members. 

Mr. GOX, of Ohio, moved, and it was 

Resolved, That the thanks of tliis convention be tendered to the citizens of Chicago for the erec- 
tion of the commodious buil<lingiii which we have assembled, ami to Captain J. W. Connett, chief 
.marshal of the police, and the force under him, for the efficient manner in which they have dis- 
charged their duties. 

Mr. REILY, of Pennsylvania., moved, and it was 

Resolved, That the thanks of this convention be tendered to the officers of this convention for the 
able and impartial manner in which they have discharged the duties pertaining to their ap- 
pointments. 

Mr. HUGHES, of Pennsylvania, moved, and it was 

Resolved, That the thanks of this convention be tendered to the Hon. Horatio Seymour for the able, 
dignified, impartial and consciencious manner in which he has presided over the deliberations of 
this convention. 

Mr. POWELL, of Kentucky: I have a resolution that I will offer. I move that 
it be 

Resolved, That we request the President of the Tnited States to forthwith annul all military or- 
ders prohibiting the circulation of democratic newspaj^'s in the States. 

[Many voices were raised to object, with cries of "Ask no favors," " We want 
no favors," " We won't ask him," etc.] 

Mr. BATES, of Iowa: I beg to say to the members of this convention that sev- 
eral propositions were before the committee on resolutions, requesting President 
Lincoln to withdraw the draft, and orders that he has made for this and that, but 
the committee came to the conclusion that they would ask no favors of Abraham 
Lincoln. [Immense and long continued applause.] A free field and a fair fight is all 
that we ask now. 

The PRESIDENT : The resolution being objected to will go to the committee on 
resolutions. 

Mr. SMITH, of Vermont, moved, and it was 

Resolved, That any vacancy in the Democratic National Committee shall be filled by such com- 
mittee on the nomination of the State Central Committees. 

ADJOURNMENT. 
Mr. WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky : I believe, sir, that we have accomplished our 
business; that we have done a good work, and we have a great work before us ; so 
believing, I move, sir, that this convention do now adjourn. ,.^^ _^ 



I-SS Democratic National Convention. 

A DELEGATE: Sine die f ^ 

; Mr. HUTCHINSON', of Pennsvlvania: No sir, no sine die for this convention. 

SEVERAL DELEGATES: We have Bcttlcd that. 

The PKESIDENT then rose and said: 

Gentlkmkn of the Convention — Tho j^entleman from Kentucky has moved that 
this convention do now adjourn. Before I put this resolution, allow me to return 
my acknowledgments for the thanks you have voted mybelf »nd the other oflficerB of 
this body. I will not detain you with any lengthened remarks, for I can Bay noth- 
ing to add to the effect of the proceedings of this convention. I knpw that every 
heart is full. I know that every man goes forth from here strengthened 'and con- 
firmed in the conviction that we have added new years to the life of thi.s Republic. 
[Great cheering.] Gentlemen, wc part to meet no more in our present relationship; 
but throughout tho rest of our days we shall remember this meeting. [Chcet-e.] 
May the Almighty bless you all in the future. May lie grant that you may live to 
see the day when good government shall be restored to this land of ours — when th« 
Union shall be re-established, and fraternal relationship existing ; so that when our 
last hours come, we can thank God that we have lived again to see the days of 
American liberty and of American prosperity. [Loud and long continued cheering.] 
f The SECRETARY: This convention will now stand adjourned sine cZie. [Loud 
cries of "No, no."] This convention will now stand adjourned subject to the call of 
the National Committee, with nine cheers for George B. McClellan, the next presi- 
dent of the United States. 

[The cheers were most enthusiastically given, and thus ended the proceedings ot 
a body more pregnant with hope for these United States than any other which haa 
. been held since the establishment of the Union.] ,^,j^^.„^^ 



Democratic National Convention, S9 



GM. McCLELLAN'S ACCEPTiNCE OF THE NOMINATION. 



The Committee appointed by the ConTention to notify General McClellan of his 
nomination, met on Thursday morning, Sept. 8, at the St. Nicholas Hotel, New 
York. Nearly all the members of the committee were present. At one o'clock 
the following letter, advising him of his nomination was presented: 

New York, Sepl 8, 1864. 
Major Gfenercd George B. McClellan: 

. f Sir : — The undersigned were appointed a committee by the National Democratic 

.■Convention, which met at Chicago on the 29th of August, to advise you of your 

ji'Bnanimous nomination by that body, as the candidate of the Democratic party, for 
President of the United States, and also to present to you a copy of the proceed- 

J';inga and resolutions of the Convention. 

-:.'. It gives us great pleasure to perform this duty, and to act as the representatives 
of that Convention, whose deliberations were witnessed by a vast assemblage of citi- 
zens, who attended and watched its proceedings with intense interest. Be assured 
that those for whom we speak, were animated with the most earnest, devoted and 
prayerful desire, for the salvation of the American Union, and the preservation of 

'.y the Constitution of tthe United States ; and that the accomplishment of these ob- 

' jects was the guiding and impelling motive in every mind, 

And we may be permitted to add, that their purpose to maintain that Union is 
manifested in their selection as their candidate, of one whose life has been devoted 
to its cause, while it is their earnest hope, and confident belief, that your election 
•will restore to our country, union, peace and constitutional liberty. 
We have the honor to be, 

Your obedient servants, 

(Signed.) HORATIO SEYMOUR, Chairman, 

JOHN BIGLER, Colifornia. 
ALFRED B. EDGERTON, Indiana. 
ISAAC LAWRENCE, Rhode Island. 
JOHN MERRITT, Delaware. 
JOHN CAIN, Vermont. 
HUGH McCURDY, Michigan. 
JOSEPH E. SMITH, Maine. 
GEORSE H. CARMAN, Maryland. 
BENJAMIN STARK, Oregon. 
JOHNM. DOUGLAS, Illinois. 
CHARLES NEGUS, Iowa. 
JOHN D. WILES, Pennsylvania. 
"WILSON SHANNON, Kansas. 
J. G. ABBOTT, Massachusetts. 
C. H. BERRY, Minnesota. 
JAMES GUTHRIE, Kentuctv. 
CHARLES A. WICKLIFFE, Kentucky. 
C. G. W. HARRINGTON, New Hampshire. 
GEO. W. MORGAN, Ohio. 
ALFRED E. BURR, Connecticut. 
THEODORE RUNYON, New Jersey. 
WESTON F. BIRCH, Mi.ssouri. 
JOHN A. GREEN, Jr., New York. 
W. T. GALLOWAY, Wisconsin. 

General McClellan accepted the nomination, and his formal letter to that effect 
was addressed to the committee on the evening of the same day. The following is 
a correct copy thereof: 



00 Democratic National Convention. 

OnAXGE, N. J., Sept. 8. 

Gkntlemen: I have the honor to acknowledjie the receipt of your letter, inform- 
in"' me of my nomination by the Democratic National Canvention, recently assem- 
bled at Chicago, as their candidate at the next election for President of the United 
States. 

It is unnecessary for me to say to you that the nomination comes to me unsought. 

I am happy to know, that when the nomination was made, the record of my pub- 
lic life -was kept in view. 

The effect of lon^ iind varied Service in the army, durinjr vrar anfl peace, has been 
to strengtiien and make iiidellible in my mind and heart, the love and reverence for 
the Constitution, laws and flag of our coiuitry impressed upon me in early youth. 

These feelings have thus far guided the course of my life, and must continue to 
eo do to its end. 

The existence of more than one government over the region which once owned 
our flag, is incompatible with the peace, the power, and the happiness of the 
people. f 

The preservation of our Union was the souTavowod object for which' the war was 
commenced. It should have been conducted for that object only, and in accord- 
ance with those principles which I took occasion to declare when in active service. 
Thus conducted, the work of reconciliation would have been easy, and we might 
have reaped the benefit of our many victories on land and sea. 

The Uunion was originally formed ))y the exercise of a spirit of conciliation and 
compromise. To restore and preserve it, the same spirit must prevail in our coun- 
cils, and in the hearts of the people. 

■" The re-ostablishmcnt of the Union in all its integrity is, and must Continue to be, 
the indispensable condition in any settlement. So soon as it is clear, or evenjprob- 
ablc, that our present adversaries are ready for peace, upon the basis of the Union, 
we should exhaust all the resources of statesmanship practiced by civilized nations, 
and taught bv the traditions of the American people, consistent with the honor and 
interest's of' the country, to secure such peace, re-establish the Union, and guar- 
antee for the future the constitutional rights of every State. The Union is the one 
condition of peace— we ask no more. ^ 

Let me add, what I doubt not was, although unexpressed, the sentiment of tho 
Convention, as it is of the people they represent, that when any one State is willing 
to return to the Union, it ahouitl he received at once, with a full guarantee of all its 
constitutional rights. ,. ■.,'•' 

If a frank, earnest and persistent effort to obtain those objects should fail, the re-' 
eponsibility for ulterior consequences will fall upon those who remain in arms 
ao'ainst the Union. But the Union must be preserved at all hazards. 

°I could not look in the face of my gallant comrades of the army and navy who 
have survived so many bloody battles, and tell them that their labors and the sacri- 
fices of so many of our slain and wounded brethren had been in vain; that we had 
abandoned thab' Union for which we have so often periled our lives. 

A vast majority of our p«pple, whether in the army and navy or at home, would, 
as I would, hail with unb^iihded joy the permanent restoration of peace, on the ba- 
sis of the Union under the Constitution, without the eliusion of another drop of 
blood. But no peace can be permanent without Union. 

As to the other subjects presented in the Resolutions of the Convention, I need 
only sav that I should seek in the Constitution of the United States, and the laws 
framed"in accordance therewith, the rule of my duty and the limitations of execu- 
tive power, endeavor to restore economy in public expenditure, re-estabbsh the su- 
premacy of law, and, by the assertion of a more vigorous nationality, resume our 
commanding position among the nations of the earth. 

The condition of our finances, the depreciation of the paper money, and the bur- 
dens the robv imposed on labor and capital, show tue necessity of a return to a sound 
financial svstera ; whilst the rights of citizens and the rights of States,^ and the 
binding authority of law over President, army and people, are^ subjects of not leps 
vital importance in war than in peace. ^^ ' i^_ . . 



Democratic National Convention. 61 

Believing that the views here expressed are those of the Convention and the peo- 
ple you represent, I accept the nomination. 

I realize the weight of the responsibility to be borne should the people ratify 
your choice. 

Conscious of my own weaknes3,|I can only seek firmly the guidance of the Ruler 
of the universe, and, relying on His all powerful aid, do my best to restore Union 
and peace to a sutFering people, and establish and guard their liberties and rights. 
I am, gentlemen, very respectfully, 

Your Obedient Servant, ^ 

( Signed) George B. iIcClellan , 

To Hon. Horatio Seymour and others, Committee. 



Democratic National Cotivention. 63 



ORGANIZATION OF THE NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC COMMITTEE. 



W-EDHESDxr,' AuQvM 81, 1864. ' 

The members of the new National Democratic Committee, consisting of one rep- 

reaentatiye from eacli State represented in the National Democratic Convention, 

assembled immediately after the rdjournment of the Convention, this afternoon, in 

the rooms of the Committee at the Sherman House, in the city of Chicago. 

Mr F. 0. PRINCE, Secretary of the retiring committee, called the ^meeting to 
order, and called the roll of members, as follows ; 

LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Maine — S. R. Lyman, Portland, 
^eio Hampshire— J osiah Minot, Concord. 
Vermont — H. B. Smith, Milton. 
Massachusetts — F. O. Prince, Boston. " • 

Connecticut — William M. Converse, Norwich. 
Rhode Island — Gideon Bradford, Providence. 
New York — August Belmont, New York Citj, 
New Jersey— \J. G. Steel. 
Pennsylvania — "W. A. Galbraith, Erie. 
Delaware — John A. Nicholson. 
Maryland — Odin Bowie, Colington. 

Kentucky — James Guthrie, Louisville : S. Trimble, Paducah. 
0/iio— Rufus P. Ranny, Cleveland. 
Indiana— W. E. Niblack. 
Illinois — Wilbur F. Storey, Chicago. 
Michigan — W. L. Bancroft, Port Huron. 
ifissouri — Lewis W. Bogs, St, Louis. 
Minnesota — John H. M. Kinny, Chatfield. 
Wisconsin — George H. Paul, Milwaukee. 
Iowa— J). 0. Finch, Des Moines, 
-Kansas— Isaac E. Eaton, Leavenworth. 
California — Thomas Haynes, San Francisco. 
Oreifon— William McMillan. 

All the members, with the exception of Mr. James Guthrie, of Kentucky, re- 
sponded to the call of their names. 

THE TEMPORARY ORGANIZATION". 

Mr. WILBUR F. STOREY, of Illinois, was unanimously elected temporary'chair- 
man of the committee ; and 

Mr. F. 0. PRINCE, of Massachusetts, was unanimously elected temporary Sec- 
retary. 

The CHAIRMAN reported that two names had been reported from Kentucky, 
He wished to know whether the Committee would take any action relative to thia 
double representation. 

. Mr. BELMONT, of New York, moved that Messrs. Guthrie and Trimble, the 
two representatives of Kentucky, be both admitted as members of the Committee, 
with, however, a single joint vote, as had been the case of the Kentucky delega- 
tions to the Convention. Carried. 



6ii) Democratic National Convention. ' 

THE PEUMANBNT ORGANIZATION. 

It having been moved and carried to proceed to the permanent organization of 
the Coinmiitee, 

Mr. SMITH, of Vermont, nominated for permanent chairman Hon. August Bel- 
mont, of New Yolk. 

Mr. FINCH, of Iowa, moved that, as Mr. Belmont was tlie oaly gentleman nom- 
inated, he be unanimously elected. Carried. 

Mr. liELMONT, on taking the chair, thanked the Committee for thecomjiliment 
it had paid him-. He exj^e.cted that tlie democracy would have Ibis yegr.beilcrfiuc- 
cess than in 1800^ in fact he was certain that .they. would elect iheir cand.uales. 
[Ap|)lause,] 

Mr. LYMAN, of Maine, nominated as permanent Secretary of the Committeo, 
Mr. is. Q. FrLnce, of Masxacliusctts, The nomination was unanimously iqiproved. 

Mr. EATON, of Kansas, morbd that a committee ol live be appointed bythe 
chairman to select seven gentlemen to form the '^Executive Committee. (CirrfetT; 
and ;• ' 

.The CHAIRMAN appointed as euch committee Messr.s. Storey, of Illinois; 

Eaton, of Kansas; Trimble, of Kentucky; li:iyne.«. of Caltfbruia; aud (■Jalbiaith, 

of Pennsylvania. The committee thert'iipon retired. Units return it reported 

recommeudiiig the selection of the following u;imj<l gentlemen to Ibvm 

THE EXKCUXtVJS CO.MMIXXKE. 

August Belmont, New York. 

Wilbur F. Storey, Illinois. 

Frederick 0. Prince, Massachusetts. 

"W. A, Galbraith, Tenn-^ylvania. 

Kufus P. Ranney, Ohio. 

L. V. Bogy, Missouri. 

George H. Paul, Wisconsin. 

Mr. CONVERSE, of Counocticut, moved that three additional names be added to 
those reported by the committee. I/ost. ■ -^ 

Mr. HAYNES, of California, moved thai; twtf additional nimes. to be named 
by the Chairman, be added. Carried; and 

The CHAIRMAN appointed Messrs. Bowie Of Maiyland. andSir.ith of Vermont; 
whereupon . , 

The report as amended was then adopted. ■ 

Mr. HAYNES, of CiilKuruia, moved that the appointment of the'Re.?*dent Com- 
mittee at Washington l)e lelt in the hands of the E.tecutivft committee.! Carried. 

Mr. BOWIE, of Maryland, moved tha^ t&e Secretary, Mr. Princey Tip'rcciuested 
to act as Treasurer. Cairied. , .' ' 

The Committee then adjourned, subject to the call of the Cbalirman. 



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