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OFFICIAL RECORD 



OF THE 



TASMANIAN 

INTERNATIONAL 

EXHIBITION 



HELD AT LAUNCESTON, 1891-92. 




TASMANIA I 
PRINTED FOR THE COMMISSIONERS AT THE "LAUNCESTON EXAMINER 

OFFICE. 
S 

MDCCCXCIII. 



T 



PREFA CE. 

In compiling the Official Record of the Tasmanian Inter- 
national Exhibition I have to offer my thanks to Mr. Fenton 
(author of the " History of Tasmania ") and Mr, R. M. 
Johnston, Government Statist, for much of the information 
contained in this volume, and to acknowledge the assistance 
which the excellent reports published in the " Launceston 
Examiner" have afforded me. From Mr. Jules Joubert I 
have had ready and willing help in the compilation of the 
work. 

RONALD W. SMITH. 



1166665 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

PREFACE iii. 

LIST OF OFFICIALS vii. 

HISTORICAL SKETCH OF TASMANIA i 

PHYSICAL FEATURES, NATURAL PRODUCTS, ETC ... 8 

REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSIONER 16 

THE OPENING CEREMONIES ... ... ... 19 

THE PROCESSION ... ... ... ... ... 22 

WITHIN THE ALBERT HALL 25 

THE LUNCHEON 29 

THE EVENING'S PROCEEDINGS 37 

INAUGURAL CANTATA ... ... ... ... ... ... 39 

A BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF THE INTERIOR ... 42 

DEATH OF THE DUKE OF CLARENCE 46 

ThE MINERAL ARCH . ... ... ... ... 48 

THE FERNERY 49 

THE MODEL DAIRY 50 

LIST OF JURORS ... ... 51 

AWARDS ... ... ... ... 58 

REPORT OF THE SPECIAL JURY in 

REPORT OF CHAIRMAN OF JURORS ... 114 

THE CLOSING CEREMONY 115 

THE BRITISH "AT HOME" ... 119 

THE MAYORAL PICNIC ... 120 

AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL SHOW ... 126 

BALANCE SHEET AND STATEMENT OF ACCOUNTS 135 



LIST OF OFFICIALS. 



PATRON: 

HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR, SIR ROBERT GEORGE 
CROOKSHANK HAMILTON, K.C.B. 

VICE-PATRONS: 

The hon P. O. Fysh, Premier and Chief Secretary ; the hon. A. I. Clark, 
Attorney-General ; the hon. W. Moore, President of the Legislative Council ; 
the hon. B. S. Bird, Treasurer ; the hon. A. T. Pillinger, Minister of Lands 
and Works ; the hon. N. J. Brown, Speaker of the House of Assembly. 

PRESIDENT: 
The hon. Win. Hart, M.L.C. 

VICE-PRESIDENTS: 

The hon. G. P. Fitzgerald, M.H.A. ; J. G. Davies, Esq.; the Mayor of Hobart ; 
Richard Green, Esq. ; the Mayor of Launceston ; W. H. D. Archer, Esq. ; 
William Gibson, Esq. ; the hon. Adye Douglas, M L.C. ; the Members of 
both Houses of Parliament ; the Aldermen of Launceston Messrs. H. J. 
Dean, R. H. Price, S. J. Suttcn, H. Edgell, David Scott, E. H. Panton, P. 
Barrett, W. I. Thrower. 

EXECUTIVE COMMISSIONER : 
S. J. Sutton, Esq., M.H.A. 

COMMISSIONERS : 

Hon. Adye Douglas, M.L C.. Chairman ; Messrs. Alex. Webster, J Brickhill, W. 
H. Knight, J Gunn, F. G. Duff, J. Campbell, W. R. Marsh, R. H. Price, M. 
E. Robinson, W. W. Stewart. S. J. Sutton, B. P. Farrelly, Jules Toubert, 
C.M.G. 

GENERAL COMMITTEE: 

Hon. W. Hart, M.L.C., President; S. J. Sutton, Esq., Executive Commissioner; 
Alex. Webster, Esq., Treasurer ; Messrs. A. W Birchall, J. Brickhill, Henry 
Button, J. Campbell, Jos E. Clarke, D. H. Connolly, C Dodgshun, F. Gee 
Duff, H. Edgell, J. C. Ferguson, J. T. Farmilo, B. P. Farrelly, J. Galvin, H. 
Gatenby, Richard Green, J. Gunn, F. Hart, jun., A. Haywood, W. Home 
J. S. Kerr, W. H. Knight, A. E. Luttrell, W. R. Marsh, T. W. Monds, G. 
Paton, W. F. Petterd, R. H . Price, M. E. Robinson, C. W. Rocher, Aug. 
Simson, W. W. Stewart, J. B. Waldron, J. Wallace, C. Dempster, P. O. 
Fysh, jun., W. L. Stokes. 

HOBART COMMITTEE: 

Hon. G. P. Fitzgerald, Chairman ; Hon. N. J. Brown, M.H.A. ; Messrs. W. H. 
Burgess, J. Ba'ly, J. Maughan-Barnett, J. Cooke, Alfred Crisp, M.H.A., J. 
G. Davies, M.H.A., D. Johnson, R. M. Johnstone, J. C. Paton, C. A. J. 
Piesse, J. W. Syme, J. B. Walker, C. E. Walch, H. Wright. 
Hon. Secretary Alex. Morton, Esq., F.L.S. 



viii. 



LONDON COMMITTEE 



Chairman The hon. Sir Edward Braddon, K.C.M.G., Agent-General. 
Members Sir Philip Cunliffe Owen, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., C.S.I. ; Sir Douglas 
Galton, K.C.B., D.C.L., F.R.S. ; Colonel Sir Herbert Bruce Sandford, 
K.C.M.G., R.A.; Sir Frederick Young, K.C.M.G. ; Sir James Youl, 
K.C.M.G. ; Sir Henry Trueman Wood ; Prof. W. C. Roberts- Austen, C.B., 
F.R.S.; A.J. R.Trendell, Esq., C.M.G.; Prof. C. LeNeve Foster, D.Sc. ; 
James Dredge, Esq. ; D. Larnach, Esq. ; W. J. Last, Esq., M.I.C.E. ; James 
Paxton, Esq. 

Secretary R. Hewlett, Esq. 

OFFICIAL REPRESENTATIVES: 

New South Wales W. H. Vivian, Esq., Executive Commissioner; Louis Saber 
Esq., Official Agent. 

Great Britain Arthur Day, Esq. ; Austria and Germany Herr Bossomaier ; 
France M. Victor Laruelle; Victoria D. Fergus Scott, Esq.; South 
Australia H. J. Scott, Esq. ; Queensland H. C. Luck, Esq. ; Western 
Australia H. J. Scott, Esq. ; New Zealand D. H. Hastings, Esq. 

GENERAL MANAGER: 
Jules Joubert. 

SECRETARY: 
Herbert A. Percy. 

STAFF: 

Superintendent, Mr. E. H. Sutton, juri. ; Comptroller of Admissions, Mr. Louis 
Saber ; Clerk and Accountant, Mr. W. H. Twelvetrees ; Official Photo- 
grapher, Mr. R. J. Nicholas ; Architect, Mr. A. E. Luttrell. 




HISTORICAL SKETCH OF TASMANIA. 



THE history of Tasmania is an oft told tale. Its past is full of 
stirring and pathetic events from which it emerged under a more fan- 
tastic name than which it had previously borne to be regarded as the 
Cinderella of the colonies endowed with great natural beauty and 
attractions, but for some unexplained reason kept in the background 
in the race for progress. The events of the last twenty years, however, 
have effected a marvellous change, and the display of mineral and other 
products made at the exhibition just closed affords ample proof that the 
future of the colony is great with promise of abundant prosperity. In 
days to come, and not far distant days either, it will attract attention 
rather by its commercial status, mineral output, and fruitful fields, than 
for its lovely scenery and superb climate. 

The discovery of the island was made by Tasman in 1642, and he 
named it Van Diemen's Land in honour of Anthony Van Diemen, 
Governor of Batavia, under whose directions the expedition was formed. 
Tasman first sailed from Batavia to Mauritius, thus for some unexplained 
reason forsaking the object of his voyage, and on the 8th October, 1642, 
he left Mauritius in the Heemskirk with his brother Gerritt Tasman in 
the fly-boat Zeehaan'm company, and steered in a south-easterly direc- 
tion in search of the " Great South Land." Travelling over an unknown 
sea to an unknown port Tasman decided that that course was the most 
likely one to enable him to ascertain how far the land extended to the 
south which had already been followed by the pioneer Dutch navigators 
along the west and south-west coasts of Western Australia. At four o'clock 
on the 24th November, 1642, in about 42^ south latitude Tasman 
sighted the island which years afterwards was named after him. The 
land sighted was a spot not far distant from Macquarie Harbour. As 
the vessels approached the coast the outlines of lofty mountains rising in 
majestic stateliness discovered themselves in the back-ground. Two of 
these were in 1 798 named by Flinders Mounts Heemskirk and Zeehan, 
after Tasman's ships, and it is beneath their shadow that the most exten- 
sive mining operations which have yet been undertaken in the colony are 
now being conducted. On December i Tasman's ships anchored in a 
bay on the East Coast, now marked on the maps as Marion Bay, north 
of Forestier's Peninsula. On the following day the explorers proceeded 
on shore, but saw no natives. " I fancied I heard the sound of people 
upon the shore," wrote Tasman, " but I saw none. ... I observed 
smoke in several places ; however, we did nothing more than set up a 
post on which everyone cut his name or his mark, and upon which I 



2 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

hoisted a flag." The voyager did not further explore the land he had 
discovered, but proceeded along the coast and steered in the direction of 
New Zealand, which he discovered and named Nova Zeelanda, after 
which he returned to Batavia. 

For more than a century after this no white man set foot on Tas- 
mania, but one hundred and thirty years after Tasman's discovery Marion 
du Fresne, a French captain, arrived with two discovery ships, and 
anchored in Marion Bay on the 4th March, 1772. The natives were 
then seen for the first time. They proceeded with confidence to meet 
the boats, and with their children and wives remained close to the 
strangers. Some misunderstanding, however, took place, and the result 
was that the natives retired and threw a volley of stones at the French- 
men, who repelled the attack by a discharge of firearms, killing and 
wounding some of the blacks. Marion du Fresne was afterwards killed 
by the more warlike natives of New Zealand. 

In the following year (1773) the island was visited by Captain 
Furneaux, in the Adventure, who was accompanying Captain Cook, of 
the Resolution, into more southerly latitudes in search of what was then 
supposed to be an unknown continent. The vessels separated in a fog, 
and Furneaux entered Storm Bay, anchoring in Adventure Bay, which 
he called after his ship. This occurred during Cook's second voyage. 
On his third and last voyage, in January, 1777, Captain Cook called 
in to Adventure Bay with the Resolution and Discovery. He had 
friendly interviews with the natives while he remainded. 

Twelve years elapsed before Van Diemen's Land attracted other 
visitors, and at that time the infant colony of New South Wales had been 
established. In July, 1789, Captain Cox, in the brig Mercury, sailed inside 
Schouten and Maria Islands, and discovered Oyster Bay. Later on in 
the same year Lieutenant Bligh, in the Bounty, spent twelve days at 
Adventure Bay, Brown, the botanist, accompanying him. Bligh re- 
turned to England, and on his second voyage (1792) again called, and 
planted several trees on the south side of the island. 

At this time the French displayed some anxiety to become better 
acquainted with the " Great South Land," and fully intended forming 
colonies there. Instructions were given in 1 785 to La Perouse to explore 
the extreme southern point of New Holland, which at that time 
was supposed to extend to the land discovered by Tasman. It is 
unknown whether the navigator carried out his instructions, for he lost 
his ship in Vanikoro, in the Santa Cruz Group, and no tidings of the 
disaster reached France for nearly forty years. In 1791 the National 
Assembly of France sent out another expedition under command of 
Admiral Brune D'Entrecasteaux, to search for Count de la Perouse, and 
continue his explorations. D'Entrecasteaux spent four weeks in 1792, 
and five weeks in the following year, making the most minute surveys of 
the bays, rivers, and harbours on the south side of Van Diemen's Land, 
several of which still bear the names of the explorers and their ships. 
Again, in 1802, when Napoleon was ruler of France, Commodore Baudin 
sent two ships and a corvette to execute further surveys, which were 
carried out, and extended to the East Coast. These expeditions were 
happily conducted in a manner which materially assisted scientific re- 
search. The most cordial relations existed between the natives and the 
French, but a variety of causes prevented the Government of France 
from carrying out its original intention of founding colonies to the south. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 3 

The ships of both expeditions were singularly unfortunate. Out of 219 
men who sailed with D'Entrecasteaux 89 died before they returned to 
Mauritius. The Admiral himself died at sea, off the Admiralty Isles, 
and his second in command, Huon Kermadec, at New Caledonia. 
Baudin, commander of the second expedition, died at Mauritius on the 
voyage home. There were twenty-three scientific men on board his 
ships, of whom only three returned home. There was not one in either 
vessel free from scurvy in its most malignant form ; not more than 
twelve men were capable of doing duty. Added to those disasters 
France was involved in internecine troubles both at home and abroad. 
The nation groaned beneath the burden of Buonaparte's ambitious 
designs ; there was no leisure for the furtherance of peaceful conquests 
in the south. To these circumstances may be ascribed the dominancy 
of the British flag in Australasia. 

The existence of a strait dividing Tasmania from the mainland was 
discovered by Lieutenant Flinders and Mr. George Bass, a surgeon in 
the Royal Navy, in 1798, six years after D'Entrecasteaux's visit, and two 
years prior to that of Commander Baudin. Flinders and Bass sailed 
through that channel, and circumnavigated the island in a little sloop of 
25 tons, called the Norfolk. In the afternoon of November 3, 1798, 
they discovered the estuary of the Tamar, and sailing up the river re- 
mained sixteen days. They named many places in the river and along 
the coast, rounded Cape Grim, and entered the Derwent on the i8th 
December. 

The immense value of such an important marine highway as Bass 
Strait did not fail to arrest the attention of Governor King, of New South 
Wales. He had observed the proceedings of the French in Van 
Diemen's Land, now that it was found to be a separate island : he feared 
that unless prompt action were taken it would be occupied by France, 
and thus lost to the British Crown. Accordingly King communicated 
to the Home authorities, strongly recommending settlements to be 
formed in various parts, in order to secure the right of Great Britain to 
the country on either side of Bass Strait. 

COLONISATION. 

The prompt action taken by Governor King led to the despatch of 
Lieutenant-Colonel David Collins in order to found a settlement on the 
newly discovered shores of Port Phillip. On the 24th April, 1 803, he sailed 
from Spithead with H.M.S. Calcutta, and the transport ship Ocean, 
481 tons. The former ship carried the Lieutenant Governor, Rev. R. 
Knopwood, Mr. L'Anson, principal surgeon, Lieutenant Sladden, 
307 male convicts, and a military guard. The Ocean carried 
seven officers of the civil establishment, two officers of marines, 
13 free settlers and their families, and stores to the value 
of 1 0,000. When Governor Collins arrived at Port Phillip, near 
the present township of Sorrento, it was found that the natives were 
hostile, water scarce, the soil barren and sandy, and snakes and insects 
innumerable. Altogether fate seemed to be averse to the foundation of 
a settlement in that country, which is now so famous for its wealth and 
continued progress. Collins searched both sides of the bay without 
finding what appeared to him the neccessary elements of colonisation. 
He appealed to Governor King, who had authority to sanction a change 
of locality, with the result that Port Phillip was abandoned, and Collins 
and his party removed to the Derwent, in Van Diemen's Land. 
B] 



4 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

In the meantime Governor King, with admirable foresight, had sent 
a small party, under Lieutenant John Bowen, to occupy a position at the 
Derwent, on or in the neighbourhood of Risdon Creek, a place which 
was so named by Captain Hayes in 1794, and was again visited by 
Flinders and Bass in 1798. Dr. Bass wrote favourably of Risdon Creek 
as a future settlement " preferable to any other place on the banks of 
the Derwent." Bowen arrived at Risdon with a small party of convicts 
and military, in the Albion and Lady Nelson, on i2th September, 1803, 
one month before Collins landed at Port Phillip. " Lieutenant- 
Governor " Bowen 's salary was 55. a day ! His short term of office was 
most unsatisfactory. On one occasion he abandoned his post and sailed 
for Sydney (gth January, 1804) with a prisoner in charge to have him 
tried for a robbery. The settlement was in a highly disorganised state, 
and during his absence a large party of natives were cruelly massacred. 

This state of affairs was terminated by the timely arrival of 
Lieutenant-Governor Collins on the 15th February, 1804. Collins was 
eminently fitted from his ability and experience to found a new colony. 
He had been Judge Advocate in Sydney for eight years, and was one of 
the passengers to New South Wales by the first fleet. On returning to 
England, and before his appointment as Lieutenant-Governor, he wrote 
" An account of the English colony in New South Wales," which was 
favourably received in England. Collins spent a few days examining 
sites for a town on the river Derwent, and finally decided to establish his 
head-quarters on the spot which is now the City of Hobart. It was 
named Hobart Town by Collins, but Bowen had already, at Governor 
King's request, named the Risdon settlement Hobart, in honour of Lord 
Hobart, who was then Secretary of State for the Colonies. The popula- 
tion of the Australian colonies at this period (1803) was as follows : 

New South Wales ... 7134 

Norfolk Island ... 1200 

Van Diemen's Land ... ... 49 

Total 8383 

In July, 1804, a return of the inhabitants at the Denvent River, 
Van Diemen's Land, was published. It does not include the people 
belonging to Bowen's Risdon Creek Settlement, who had been sent back 
to Sydney by the Ocean, 

Men. Women. Children. 

Civil Department ... ... ... 18 

Military Department 48 

Prisoners ... ... ... ... 279 

Prisoners' wives and children 

Settlers 13 

Total 

A few months only elapsed between the founding of the Hobart 
Town settlement, and the occupation of another in the northern portion 
of the colony. King was determined to keep the French out of Van 
Diemen's Land, and acting with the approval of Lord Hobart appointed 
Lieutenant-Colonel W. Paterson, of the New South Wales Corps, 
Lieutenant- Govenor of a new colony at Port Dalrymple (River Tamar). 
The armed colonial cutter Integrity, 56 tons, was fitted for sea, and a 




TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 5 

small vessel of 25 tons, called the Contest, was chartered to assist in 
conveying Paterson and his party from Sydney to the new settlement. 
They were to take 20 convicts and a force of 34 soldiers in all 56 
persons. On the morning of the 7th June, 1804, the New South Wales 
Corps was drawn up on the Government Wharf, at Sydney, as a guard 
of honour, and Lieutenant-Governor Paterson proceeded on board his 
vessel ; the battery fired a salute, and according to the Sydney Gazette, 
"the most animated acclamations issued from the shore." But the 
wisest schemes of man are often frustrated. It was midwinter. The 
Integrity battled in vain against head winds, and in a fortnight's time 
returned to Sydney, whilst the Contest, after beating about for a month, 
was obliged to follow her consort's example. It was not.until the end of 
September that arrangements were again made for the conveyance of 
Paterson to the Tamar. H.M.S. Buffalo was fitted out for sea; the 
armed tender Lady Nelson, and the colonial schooners Francis and 
Integrity, were to accompany her to assist in carrying the people and 
stores. The Governor's salary was fixed at ^"250 per annum. There 
were 74 convicts, 64 non-commissioned officers and privates of the New 
South Wales Corps, besides a few civil and military officers, and one free 
settler in all 146 persons. The troops embarked on 3rd October, 
" The music of the band being only interrupted by the reiterated peals 
of acclamation from the spectators" (Sydney Gazette). On the i4th 
the Lieutenant-Governor embarked under a salute of 1 1 guns. On this 
occasion, as in the former attempts, heavy gales were experienced. Most 
of the live stock died. A fortnight after leaving Port Jackson the 
Buffalo anchored at Kent's Group, where she found the Francis. 
Remaing there for six days while it was blowing a strong gale, the 
vessels then sailed for Port Dalrymple. On the following day the 
Buffalo entered Tamar Heads, and came to anchor below Green Island. 
It blew hard during the night, and harder in the morning, until the ship 
was driven ashore on the eastern shoals. She lay there in a helpless 
condition for three days, when at length the Integrity came in, lightened 
the ship of part of her cargo, and got her off on the fourth day without 
much damage. The Buffalo then came to anchor in Outer Cove 
{George Town), where the military, prisoners, and stores were landed, 
tents were pitched, and on the nth November possession was formally 
taken by hoisting His Majesty's colours under a royal salute from the 
man-of-war, and three volleys from the troops. The two other vessels 
did not arrive until the 2ist. The Lady Nelson suffered much damage 
by the storm, having her decks swept, and having lost all her live stock. 
Thus, after a long chapter of accidents and misfortunes, the first settle- 
ment in northern Tasmania was established. 

Paterson made his head-quarters at York Town, a most unsuitable 
spot up a western arm of the river, difficult of approach, and without 
any advantages for settlement. He soon discovered the mistake he had 
made. On the 28th November, 1804, he sailed up the Tamar in the 
-Lady Nelson, and anchored at the junction of the two rivers which now 
form part of Launceston. The Governor and his party proceeded up the 
North Esk in two boats as far as they could go at high tide, and made 
excursions on foot several miles into the country. On returning they 
visited the Cataract Gorge, and were delighted with all that they saw. 
Paterson named the South Esk and the Tamar. He wrote enthusiasti- 
cally about the park-like scenery, the rich plains, the beautiful rising 



6 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

ground covered with wattles, and the verdant hills in the vicinity of 
Launceston. This city he founded, and moved his head-quarters there 
in March, 1806, Government House being for many years situated in a 
portion of what is now the City Park, in which the exhibition buildings 
are erected. 

The history of the colony for the first forty years of its existence is 
a sad, dark tale of hardship, privation, guerilla warfare, cold-blooded 
retaliation, and murder. The blacks smarting under a sense of cruel 
illusage became the white man's enemy. The convict bushrangers were 
a terror to the country. Savages and outlaws were often masters of the 
situation. Not until the natives were exterminated, and the miserable 
remnant removed to Flinders Island in 1833-5, together with the abolition' 
of transportation in 1852, did Tasmanian colonists breathe the air of 
freedom. There is no room here to describe the heartrending scenes 
that transpired during the early days of the colony. The governors had 
the power of despots, and too often used that power freely. The first 
settlers received grants of land in proportion to the capital they possessed, 
the maximum area being 2560 acres (four square miles), but this rule 
was subject to the will of the Governor. In this manner the fine grass- 
covered pastures of the midland districts were alienated prior to 1830, 
when the system of free grants ceased. Responsible Government was 
introduced in 1856, and since that period the progress of the colony has 
been more rapid. 

Launceston itself stands on the River Tamar, about 40 miles from 
its mouth, at the conflux of the North and South Esk rivers. The 
Tamar is navigable for vessels of 4000 tons the whole distance at high 
tide. The city lies in a valley enclosed by hills, known as the Wind- 
mill and Cataract hills, and derives its name from Launceston in 
Cornwall, England. It is distant 120 miles (133 by rail) from Hobart. 
The buildings and lands assessed number 4272. The annual value of 
rateable property is ^"135,168. Extent of roads and streets, 45 miles. 
Area of town, 3440 acres. The town is well laid out, is lighted with gas, 
and has a good supply of water (derived from St. Patrick's river, 15 
miles east of the city), with streets of ample width, in which are 
numerous fine public buildings as well as substantial theatres, stores, 
public halls, etc. The City Council has decided to light the city with 
electricity, there being ample water supply for the motive power, and the 
work is likely to be advanced during the current year. The principal 
ecclesiastical edifices are St. John's (foundation stone laid on December 
28, 1824), Trinity, and St. Paul's (Episcopal), St. Andrew's and 
Chalmers' Church (Presbyterian), two Wesleyan churches in Patterson 
and Margaret streets, the Roman Catholic Church of the Apostles, two 
Congregational churches, Christ Church in Prince's Square, another 
in Tamar street, the new Baptist Tabernacle in Cimitiere street, and a 
Christian Mission church in Wellington street. The Salvation 
Army has a large wooden building in Elizabeth street west, which 
is used as a hall for meetings. It has accommodation for about 
1500 persons. There is also a Primitive Methodist Church in, 
Frederick street. The General Hospital has accommodation for 92 
patients. The building has cost ,"25,000. The Invalid 
Depot has an average of 150 inmates. The Mechanics' 
Institute is well patronised, and has a library of 17,000 
volumes. The Town Hall is an elegant and spacious building. The 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 7 

Albert Hall newly erected in the City Park has cost ,"14,000, and will seat 
2500 people. The Government buildings in St. John street are also 
above the average order. There are a Grammar School (Church of 
England), Wesleyan Ladies' College, numerous private schools, two 
public schools under the Board of Education, and a convent of the 
Presentation Order, with day school attached. The banks are the 
Commercial, National, Union, and the Bank of Australasia. There 
are also the Launceston Bank for Savings and the Post Office Savings 
Bank ; the new Post and Telegraph Office has been erected, at a cost of 
20,000, also a Custom House erected at a cost of ,10,000. These 
buildings torm a group worthy of remark. The Academy of Music, a 
newly-built theatre, is the best and mostcommodiousbuildingof the kind 
in the colony. The Mechanics' Institute has a hall suited for festive 
gatherings or minor entertainments. The Market is in Lower Charles 
street. A handsome Fire Brigade Station with tower is in Brisbane 
street. The city was incorporated November i, 1858, and is governed 
by a mayor and eight aldermen. The City Park, extending over an 
area of nine acres, is much frequented. The Prince's Square is 
permanently improved as a recreation ground or public garden. A new 
park has been opened in Inveresk, and is the largest in the city. The 
Racecourse is at Mowbrary, about two miles from the city. The land 
under cultivation in the district is principally for wheat, oats, peas, and 
potatoes. Fruit also is grown in yearly increasing quantities. Corra 
Linn, about six miles from the city, is much visited for its romantic 
scenery, being a deep gorge, through which the North Esk rushes. The 
Punch Bowl and the Cataract Gorge are also favourite places or resort, 
the latter being within five minutes walk of the city, and so called from 
the falls of the South Esk immediately above its junction with the North 
Esk. The City and Suburban Improvement Association has constructed 
a new and picturesque walk along the gorge, from which a splendid 
view of its beauties can be obtained. Invermay, a village on the east 
bank of the Tamar, Distillery Creek, and Clarke's Ford, are also 
favourite picnic places. The population, including suburbs, is 20,358. 
The newspapers published at Launceston are the Launceston Examiner 
and the Telegraph, daily; and The Tasmanian and Democrat, weekly ; 
and the Tasmanian Catholic Standard, monthly. 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



PHYSICAL FEATURES, NATURAL 
PRODUCTS, ETC. 



ON the north coast of Tasmania are several rivers, falling into Bass 
Strait. The principal one is the Tamar, navigable for 40 miles inland 
to the city of Launceston, where it is fed by two considerable freshwater 
streams, the North and South Esks. The former takes its rise (as also a 
large tributary, the St. Patrick) in the broken, mountainous country to 
the east of Launceston ; the South Esk and some of its tributaries rise 
within four or five miles from the East Coast at St. Patrick's Head, and 
father to the north. In its winding course it receives the Macquarie and 
Lake Rivers from the South, and the Meander from the west, thus 
draining a considerable area of the midland districts as far as the vicinity 
of Oatlands and the Western Tiers, when it at length falls into the 
Tamar at the Cataract Gorge. The Mersey, a good port for large steam- 
ships, Forth, Leven, Emu, Inglis, Detention, Black, Duck, and 
Montague, all with bar harbours, are considerable streams falling into 
Bass Strait on the west side of the Tamar ; the Piper, Forester, and 
Ringarooma on the east side. The western side of the island abounds 
with rivers of considerable size, but they are all bar harbours, fit only for 
the reception of vessels of light draft. On the south side the noble 
Derwent takes its rise from Lake St. Clair, receiving in its course, the 
Nive, Dee, Ouse, Clyde, Russell Falls, Styx, Jordan, and numerous 
smaller streams, when it empties itself into Storm Bay, below the City of 
Hobart. The Huon is also a river of large size in the South. There 
are no rivers of importance on the East Coast, but the country in that 
direction is well watered by small streams. 

The Lakes form a peculiar feature in the hydrography of Tasmania,, 
as a glance at the accompanying map will show. Unlike such reser- 
voirs in other parts, where they mostly lie in the valleys, the Tasmanian 
lakes occupy the mountain tops ! The Great Lake, in Westmoreland, 
covers an area of 28,000 acres ; Arthur's Lake, 8000 acres ; Lake Sorell 
(County of Somerset), 12, 300 acres; and Lake Crescent, 4400; Lake 
Echo (Cumberland), 8500 acres; and Lake St. Clair, 9400 acres. 
Altogether the lakes occupy 82,500 acres, or 129 square miles. The 
Great Lake stands at an elevation of 3822 feet from the sea level ; Lake 
St. Clair, 3230 feet ; Lake Arthur, 3388 feet. 

Mountains of moderate height rise from the valleys in several parts of 
the island, chiefly the western side. Only a few of these attain an 
altitude exceeding 5000 feet. Extensive caves of very beautiful forma- 
tion exist in the Western mountains near Chudleigh, which can be 
reached by railway to within a short distance of the entrance. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 9 

The geological features of the island are largely diversified and some- 
what eccentric. Basaltic rocks occur mostly in Devon, Wellington, and 
Russell, where they are covered (as a rule) with a rich chocolate soil, 
suitable for agricultural purposes. Other igneous formations (green- 
stone, etc.) are found on the banks of the Tamar, in Glamorgan, round 
the lakes to a large extent, running down to Franklin, Bruny Island, and 
Tasman's Peninsula. Granite occurs in places along the East Coast, at 
Cape Barren Island, Gould's Country, Scottsdale, Hunter Islands, 
Meredith Range, and a few small spots in the Western Districts, on 
either side of Mount Zeehan. Stratified rocks, including metamorphic 
schists, clay slates, quartzites, sandstones, and Silurian limestone occupy 
nearly the whole of the Western Districts, from South Cape to Wool- 
north. The upper and lower coal measures, including the associated 
greywackes, fossiliferous mudstones, sandstones, and limestones of 
Palcezoic and possibly Mesozoic Age, exist at Port Frederick (Lower 
Mersey), and through to the Tamar via Franklin Rivulet; again along 
the Western Mountains, Bothwell, Apsley, Oatlands, and down to 
Brighton, Richmond, Hobart, and Sorell ; also in the Huon District, and 
part of Glamorgan. The Tertiary formations extend along the water- 
sheds of the South Esk River and its tributaries, as far west as Deloraine 
and Chudleigh ; also along parts of the Nort-East and North- West 
Coasts, and Macquarie Harbour. 

The flora and fauna of Tasmania are, with little exception, synony- 
mous with the vegetable and animal products of Australia. The 
eucalyptus is monarch of the forests. There are no less than eighteen 
varieties of the eucalyptus, and twelve varieties of the acacia family. The 
following list of indigenous forest trees, tree-ferns, etc., was compiled 
by Mr T. C. Just for the Tasmanian Committee of the Imperial Institute, 
and published recently by order of Parliament. It contains the names 
of most of the larger vegetation : 



Acacia melanoxylon ") Blackwood* 
,, > Lightwood 

) Pencil Cedar 

dealbata Silver Wattle 
mollissima Black wattle 
,, verticillata Prickly Mimosa 
decurrens 
,, sophora Boobyalla 
maritama Boobyalla or discolor 

(Benth) 

,, sp. Rosewood of Norfolk Island 
saligna (Wendl) Weeping 

salicina (Lindley) Willow 

Acacia 

Anopterus glandulosa Native Laurel* 
Alsophila Australis Prickly Fern Tree 
Anodopetalum biglandulosum Hori- 
zontal Scrub 
Athrotaxis cupressoides King William 

Pine 

sulaginoides Red Pine 
,, sp. Cedar or 

Pencil Wood 



Alyxia buxfolia Scentwood 
Aster argophylla Musk-wood* 
Atherosperma moschatum Sassafras 
Bursaria spinosa Native Box 
Banksia Australis Honeysuckle 
Bedfordia salicina Dogwood 
Beyeria viscosa(s? Croton) Pinkwood 
Callitris cupressiformis or Australis or 
Frenella rhomboidea (Endl.) 
Oyster Bay Pine 

Casuarina quadrivalvis She-oak* 
Casuarina suberosa He-oak* 
Cibotium Billardieri Fern-tree 
Croton viscosum Pinkwood 
Darcrydium Franklinii Huon Pine* 
Eucalyptus globulus Blue Gum 

,, obliqua Stringy-bark Gum 

,, leucoxylon Iron Bark 

a gigantea Stringy-bark var. 

Gunnii Swamp Gum 

Stuartiana Apple-scented 

Gum 

viminalis White Gum or 
Manna Tree 



* Ornamental, suitable for veneering. 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



with 



Hakea lissosperma Native Pear 
Lyonsia straminea Creeper 

fibrous bark 
Lagunsea White Oak of Norfolk 

Island 
Lepidosperma squamatum Tea-tree 

with fibrous leaves 
Lepidosperma gladiatum ditto 
Melaleuco ericsefolia Swamp Tea-tree 
Notelsea Hgustrina Ironwood 
Olea apetela Ironwood of Norfolk 

Island 
Phyllocladus (rhomboidailis Rich as- 

plenifolia) Celery-topped Pine 
Pittosporum bicolor Whitewood 
Plagianthus sidoides Currajong 

(shrub) 
Zieria Smithii vul. Stinkwood 



Eucalyptus amygdalina Peppermint 

Gum* 
,, haemastoma Gum-topped 

Stringy-bark 

Sieberiana var. Iron-bark 
pauciflora Weeping Gum 
Muelleri Mueller's Gum 
resinifera sp. White Gum 
Eucalyptus coccifera Dwarf Gum-tree 
cordata Gum-tree 
urnigera ditto 
vernicosa ditto 
Risdoni ditto 
Exocarpus cupressiformis Native 

Cherry 

Eucryphia Billardieri Pinkwood var. 
Eurybia argophylla sp. Muskwood 
Fagus Cunninghamii Myrtle, Red and 
White 

There are many interesting bush animals in Tasmania, including 1 9. 
varieties of mice, of which 10 are marsupial or pouched not including- 
the opossum mouse {Dromicia nana). The following are marsupials : 
Tiger or Hyena (Thylacinus cynocephalus) ; Native Devil (Sarco- 
philus ursinus) ; Native Cat (Dasyurus vivirrimus) ; Tiger Cat 
(Dasyurus maculatus) ; Ring-tailed Opossum (Phalangista Cookii) ; 
Common Opossum (Pha. vulpina) ; Bandicoot (Perameles obesula) ; 
Striped Bandicoot {Per. Gunnii} ; Wombat (Phascolomys wombat} ; 
Red Kangaroo Rat (Potorous rufus) ; Forester Kangaroo (Macropus 
major} ; Brush Kangaroo (Halmaturus Bennettii) ; Wallaby {Hal. 
Billardieri); Jerboa Kangaroo (Bettongia cumculus). Platypus 
(Ornithorynchus anatinus) is an exceeding curious specimen of the 
freaks of Nature. This little creature is about 23 inches long including 
bill and tail. Besides the characteristics of the Monotremata the 
Platypus exhibits other anatomical pecularities which resemble those of 
birds, and some which even resemble those of saurian reptiles. The 
young are produced in a very imperfect state. The foetus receives no> 
nutriment from the parent before birth, except what it derives from the 
ovum, which, however, is hatched within the body of the parent ; but 
the young are suckled, the mouth being curiously adapted to this 
method of sustaining infant life by the shortness of the bill and the 
greater length of the tongue at this period of its life. The Flying Fox 
(Pteropus foliocephalus) is found occasionally on the banks of the 
Tamar, and along the North Coast ; but there is reason to believe that it 
was imported from Australia, and is not indigenous to Tasmania. Mr. 
R. M. Johnston, in his valuable " Tasmania Official Record, 1891," says 
that the Flying Fox inhabits Kent's Group, and probably King's Island. 

The mineral deposits are only in course of development. Gold was 
found in many parts of the island between the years 1852 and 1869; 
but there was not much done before the latter date, when the quartz 
reefs of Fingal and Waterhouse came into notice. The Lefroy and Cab- 
bage Tree Hill (Beaconsfield) goldfields were discovered in the early 
part of 1870. Large yields were obtained from these mines. Gold also 
exists over a large extent of country at the Pieman River and its 



* Ornamental, suitable for veneering. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. II 

tributary streams, near the West Coast. The celebrated " Tasmania" 
mine, at Beac9nsfield, continues to give large returns. Mr. R. H. 
Price, the manager of this company, has kindly supplied the 
following information: Crushed to the 5th October, 1891 232,163 
tons of quartz, yielding 301,23102. 2dwt. I4gr. retorted gold ; net value, 
^1,082,596 33. |d.; total average per ton, roz. 5dwt. 2oigrs. ; amount 
paid in dividends, ^"574,625. Neighbouring mines are developing 
riches which had hitherto lain dormant. The auriferous country round 
Lefroy, Lisle, the Denison, and Golconda, from which considerable 
quantities of gold were taken in past years, is again showing sings of 
vitality, and many of the mines are yielding ore which, for richness and 
value, cannot be surpassed in any country. The largest nuggets of 
gold yet unearthed in Tasmania were found at the Whyte River a 
stream falling into the Pieman. In 1883 a party of three found, within 
a few weeks, one lump of pure gold weighing ^4302. idwt., another 
3902. rodwt., and a third 902. xodwt., besides a number of smaller 
nuggets, varying from two to three ounces each, and aggregating about 
60 ounces. In the same district two men obtained nuggets weighing 
altogether 14402., and also 50 oz. of alluvial gold. Since that time 
quantities of coarse gold have been obtained, but, on account of the 
inaccessible nature of the Western districts, little more than crude surface 
work has yet been done. 

The first discovery of tin in Tasmania was made by Mr. James 
Smith, of West Devon. On Monday, 4th December, 1871, he came 
upon the rich deposits at Mount Bischoff, aptly described as "the 
mountain of tin," and " the richest tin mine in the world." This 
fortunate discovery, after much toil and perseverance on the part of the 
explorer, had a sensible effect on the fortunes of Tasmania. A large 
area of stanniferous country was discovered shortly afterwards at George's 
Bay (East Coast), Mount Cameron, the upper branches .of the 
Ringarooma River, and other places. In 1875 several companies were 
engaged in working stream tin in the N.E. quarter of the Island. Again, 
in 1876 tin was found to exist over a large area at Mount Heemskirk, 
near the West Coast, but the claims were abandoned without, perhaps, 
having been fairly tested, owing to the place being so remote and unin- 
habited at that time. The Mount Bischoff mine still produces a most 
extraordinary yield of tin. The following interesting particulars are 
supplied by the manager, H. Ritchie, Esq. : " Ore raised to 3<Dth June, 
1891, 37,087 tons ; 174 dividends declared to September 26, 1891, 
amounting to the sum of i, 159,500, equal to ^"96 73. 6d. per share. 

The wonderful richness and extent of the Western silverfields are 
attracting considerable attention both in the Home Country and in the 
Colonies. They are believed to be the richest argentiferous deposits in 
the world, but the difficulty of access to this remote region has greatly 
retarded the progress of the works. The Government have let a contract 
for the construction of a railway from Zeehan to Macquarie Harbour. 
Half the line is completed, and a temporary tramroad has been laid 
down on the other half, which has just been opened for traffic. Ore, 
passengers, etc., can now go by rail to the port, which is an incalculable 
advantage to the miners,, who hitherto had to use roads that were almost 
impassable. A railway is also being constructed by a private company 
from Zeehan to Dundas. Acts of Parliament have been passed to enable 
certain persons to form companies for the construction of railways from 




12 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

the Ouse (Derwent Valley) to Zeehan, from Mole Creek (Chudleigh 
terminus) to Zeehan, and from Waratah to Zeehan. Whatever may be 
the ultimate fate of the first two of these large undertakings, it is certain 
that the latter from Waratah to Zeehan, will be carried out under the 
able direction of the local agent, W. J. Norton Smith, Esq., with the 
least possible delay. 

In evidence of the magnitude of the mining industry in Tasmania the 
following information is copied from the Report of the Secretary of 
Mines, just published: During the year ending ist July, 1891, 488 
leases for 25,000 acres of land have been issued, and 1830 applications 
for 97,000 acres are in process of being dealt with, besides a large num- 
ber of grants of waterights and mining easements. 

The areas leased and applied for are as follows : 

For Gold 

Silver 

Tin 

Coal* 

Other Minerals ... 

Total 175,700 

Against 70,795 acres on ist July, 1890. The revenue for the year for 
rents, licences, etc., amounted to ^35,942, or an increase of ^16,745 
for the year. 

The past success and still more brilliant prospects of the mining 
industry have temporarily diverted the attention of the people from 
other sources of wealth; slower in their return, perhaps, but not less 
certain. The agricultural and pastoral industries have a great future 
before them ; but the population is too limited to admit of the available 
capital and labour being largely employed in either tillage or stock- 
growing, while the attraction of the mines offer rich rewards. In the 
course of time these matters will be rectified, and Tasmania will rank 
high as a land capable of maintaing a very large population by means 
of rural industries. 

PROGRESS. 

It must not, however, be inferred that Tasmania is slumbering in 
other industries apart from mining. The occupation of the land, chiefly 
for pastoral and agricultural purposes, has been steadily advancing. Of 
16,778,000 acres of land, comprising the whole of Tasmania, about 
4,647,988 acres were either granted or sold at the commencement of 
1890 more than a quarter of the whole area of the island, including 
lakes and mountains. Of the land alienated, 2,098,763 acres were given 
away, and 2,549,225 acres were sold at various prices from 53. upwards. 
In 1889, there were 50,566 acres of country land sold, which realised 
^"68,319, equal to i 73. 2d. per acre; and 884 acres of town and 
suburban land at the average of 15 173. 6d. per acre. This gives a 
fair average of the area and value of Crown lands sold in one year. 

*About 50,000 tons of coal are produced annually, chiefly from the Fingal mines. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 13 

The total population of the colony, when the census was taken in 
April 1891, numbered 146,667, of whom 24,905 persons were in Hobart ; 
17,208 in Launceston; 14,788 in Devon; 7,814 in Wellington, and the 
remainder in 20 rural districts. The following will show the increase of 
population each decade since 1821 : 



YEAR. 


POPULATION. 


YEAR. 


POPULATION. 


l82I ... 


5,827 


1861 ... 


89,977 


1831 ... 


... 26,640 


1871 ... 


101,785 


1841 ... 


57,420 


1881 ... 


H5,705 


1851 ... 


69,187 


1891 ... 


146,667 



The last decade shows an increase of 2673 P er cent - an increase 
which has seldom been exceeded in the annals of any country. 

The imports for 1890 were valued at ^1,897,517. These consisted 
principally of wines, spirts, tobacco, tea, sugar, rice, cotton, wool, and 
silk goods, boots and shoes, ironmongery. Unfortunately the farmers 
fail to produce sufficient meat, bread, and butter for the use of the in- 
habitants. Consequently a considerable sum is sent out of the Colony 
for the necessary supply of articles that should be produced at home. 
The following table shows the value for the year 1889 thus lost to Tas- 
mania through non-production : 

Beef and mutton ^"9,843 

Cattle and sheep ... ... ... 89,738 

Wheat and flour ... ... ... 36,513 

Butter, cheese, and lard 14,149 

,150,243 

The total exports for 1890 were valued at ,1,486,992, consisting 
chiefly of gold, tin, wool, fruit, potatoes, oats, stud sheep, bark, and 
timber. 

The following is a statistical summary relating to finance ; intellectual 
moral, and social progress ; production, etc., etc., on the ist January, 
1890: 



REVENUE 




EXPORTS 




From Customs 


307.352 


Wool 


... 283,237 


Other Taxes 




Gold 


123,486 


Total Revenue 


678^909 


Tin 


345,407 






Total Home Products 


... 1,442,605 


GENERAL EXPENDITURE 








Interest on Loans 


209,737 


RAILWAYS 




Total Expenditure 


681,674 


Miles open 
Cost of Construction 


... 2,925,362 


LOANS EXPENDITURE 




Receipts 


174,518 


On Railways 


i73,S48 


Expenditure 


152,172 


Other Public Works ... 


193,491 






Total current year 


367,039 


TELEGRAPHS 








Miles 


1980 


PUBLIC DEBT, Dec. 31, 1889 


5,019,050 


Offices 


178 


IMPORTS 


1,611,035 







'4 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



POST OFFICE 




SCHOOLS 




Offices 
Receipts 


.39.536 


State Schools 
Number of Children on Roll 


229 

17,948 


Working Expenses 


44,283 


Private Schools 


88 






Number of Scholars 


3.542 


BANKS 




Technical Schools (newly 




Deposits 


... 3.958,848 


established) 


2 


Savings 


497,492 


Attendance 


153 






Industrial and Ragged 




PROPERTY 




attendance 


47 J 


Assessed Annual Value 


... 1,102,397 


Training inmates 


56 


AGRICULTURE 




PUBLIC LIBRARIES 


35 


Cereals, acres 


93,670 






Potatoes, acres ... 


17.015 


HOSPITALS 


10 


Hay, acres 


50,913 






Land under cultivation, 


acres 488,354 


Total Expended in Charities 


55.602 


LIVE STOCK 




FRIENDLY SOCIETIES 


89 


Horses 


29,778 


Number of Members 


8,692 


Cattle 


150,004 


Capital 


59.523 


Sheep 


... 1,551,429 






Pigs 


... 58,632 







Tasmania's favourable insular position in the Southern Hemisphere 
gives it nearly the same advantage, as regards immunity from extremes 
of temperature, as that enjoyed by Southern France and Northern Italy 
in northern latitudes. It is alike free from the extremes of heat, as in 
South Australia, Queensland, Western Australia, and New South Wales, 
and the extremes of boisterous cold weather, as in the more southerly 
portion of New Zealand. 

The beauty of its mountain, lake, and woodland scenery, and its 
healthy clime, have combined to make the island a favourite resort for 
visitors from the neighbouring colonies in summer, as it affords to them 
a pleasant refuge from the hot winds and enervating influence of their 
sub-tropical climate. 

The annual total death-rate per thousand of the mean population for 
1890 is 14-74, and although undoubtedly low as compared with 
European countries, it differs very little from the average total death-rate 
of the Australasian Colonies as a whole. It has been demonstrated, 
however (see Official Record, 1891, pp. 196-212), that where the 
numbers living at particular age periods are rendered extremely 
abnormal by migration as in young colonies, the total death-rate is 
a most fallacious index of health conditions ; and that the low death-rate 
in Australasia is as much determined by this cause as by its undoubtedly 
favourable health conditions. When, however, correction is made for 
disproportion in age groups, and especially for deaths from " old age" 
alone which in Tasmania represents 14-82 per cent, of deaths from all 
causes, and where, unlike any other country, it is by far the greatest of 
all specific causes of death it is evident that, next to New Zealand, the 
health conditions of Tasmania are superior to those of any other colony, 
and greatly superior to those of European countries. 

The rapidity with which the population of young English colonies 
increases for example, doubling in the space of 19*76 to 22-99 years 
is marvellous when contrasted with the most vigorous of old densely 
populated centres. During the period 1875-1888 the United Kingdom 
only increased from 32,838,758 to 37.453,574, *'*, an increase of 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 15 

4,614,816 in 13 years, or ro2 per cent, per year. This rate, if con- 
tinuous, would take 68-52 years to double the existing population, that 
is, if other obstacles to growth did not arise. 

The relatively more rapid progress of young countries is mainly due 
to the (i) large proportional influx of immigrants (relative to popula- 
tio ) from older centres, and (2) to the favourable hygienic conditions 
of a thinly populated conntry, tending to prolong the average life, and 
to produce a much lower death-rate than is found common in unfavour- 
ably crowded centres of population. 

It is more probable, therefore, that the progress of population in Aus- 
tralasia during the next hundred years will follow the curve exhibited in 
the United States progress between the years 1790 and 1890, rather than 
that the rate of the past 20 years shall continue to be maintained for 
such a long period. If the latter were possible, it would produce a 
population of 135,980,000 persons in the year 1990; but if the former 
and more probable curve of progress be maintained, the population in 
the same year would only reach 58,031,000, i.e., a population nearly 
equal to that of the United States at the present time. 

Perhaps, however, the higher stages of development in the United 
States in the coming century may specially favour the progress of the 
Australasian group. 

An estimate, now prepared, based upon the experience of thirteen 
great countries embracing a population of 314 millions, possessing an 
area of 6259 million acres demonstrates that the present civilization 
requires the cultivation of 2'8i acres per head for food and raw pro- 
ducts. International exchange disguises this fact as regards the 
experience of any one country. The present area of the United States 
is reckoned at about 2291 million acres. Allowing a need of the esti- 
mated requirement of cultivated land viz., 2'8i acres per head for 
supplying the whole round of wants of each person, and that three- 
fourths of her total area are capable of cultivation, then if her population 
increases only at the rate of 2 per cent, per year, the population woul I 
be so vast that the produce of every available acre 120 years hence 
would be wholly required for home consumption. 

The checks to population, however, may be expected to increase, and 
this limit may be placed further back ; but it is clear that the need to 
withdraw more and more her present enormous export of raw products 
from external markets will greatly operate in enhancing the value of the 
virgin soils of Australasia, and so give an additional spur to her develop- 
ment. 



I5A OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

INCEPTION OF THE EXHIBITION. 

IT is well, I think, that I should place on record in this volume the 
events which led up to the consummation of the project for holding a 
" world's fair " in Launceston. The colony was represented at the 
Crystal Palace Exhibition of 1851, at most of the subsequent inter- 
colonial exhibitions, and at Calcutta in 1883, but prior to 1884 no 
attempt was made to hold one in Tasmania. The success of the 
Tasmanian Juvenile Exhibition held at Hobart in 1883, which took a 
wider scope than its promoters anticipated, was visited by over 5000 
persons, and also proved a financial success, was an indication of what 
might be accomplished if properly undertaken. A public meeting was 
held in Launceston in 1883, at the instance of Mr S. J. Sutton, when a 
representative committee was formed, and it was decided to apply to 
Parliament for a grant of ^"5000 in aid of an Industrial Exhibition. In 
the House of Assembly the proposal met with strong opposition, and 
was refused by a majority of one. During 1884 no active steps were 
taken, but in the close of that year a project for a small miscellaneous 
exhibition by Mr. H. Hay wood in the old Pavilion in the City Park was 
taken in hand by Mr F. G. Duff, and opening in 1885 was fairly 
successful, being visited by 14,000 persons, the financial results being 
satisfactory. 

The success of this miniature exhibition resulted in a meeting of the 
committee formed in 1883, a public meeting being held in the Town 
Hall on July 7, 1885, when it was resolved that an Industrial 
Exhibition should be held at the close of the following year. The 
vice-presidents elected were Messrs. William Ritchie and Alexander 
Webster and the Hon. W. Hart, Mr. S. J. Sutton accepted the 
position of hon. secretary pro tern., and strong general and working 
committees were formed. Resolutions were passed requesting the 
Government to place ^5000 on the estimates and soliciting the co- 
operation of the Municipal Council. In a few days the Working 
Committee presented the Municipal Council with a memorial praying 
that ^"4500 of the Corporation funds should be appropriated in 
furtherance of the project (for a permanent building to be used for the 
purposes of the exhibition in the first instance), such sum to be expended 
under the joint supervision of the Council and the Exhibition Committee. 
The Council wisely decided to refer the matter to the citizens, and, 
accordingly, a poll was held on July 23, the result being Yes, 1369 ; 
no, 142 ; informal papers, 16. At the next meeting of the Council 
resolutions were passed in favour of expending ^"4500 upon a 
permanent building, to be used as the main hall of the Exhibition, 
conditional upon the Government placing the sum of ^"5000 on the 
estimates, and a petition to that effect was forwarded to the Governor- 
in-Council. The situation and natural advantages of the City Park 
recommended it as the most suitable site, and the Parliamentary 
Committee of the Exhibition, with Mr. William Ritchie as chairman, 
worked vigorously to arouse public interest and support. Ministers, 
however, weie still indisposed to render pecuniary assistance, and a 
motion for a grant of ^"5000 introduced by the late Mr H. E. Lette, 
one of the members for North Launceston, was negatived by a majority 
of two votes in the House of Assembly. The large measure of support, 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1 891-92. 158 

however, accorded by members of Parliament to the project induced 
Ministers in 1886 to offer a vote of ^"5000 for a Museum and Art 
Gallery in Launceston, and its acceptance seemed for a time to banish 
the Exhibition movement. At the close of 1887, however, it received a 
fresh impetus. Having aroused public attention Alderman S. J. Sutton 
invited those who were willing to co-operate in the scheme to a meeting, 
which was held at the Coffee Palace early in 1888, to arrange for a 
Juvenile and Industrial Exhibition. The suggestion met with approval, 
and a committee was appointed, which showed its earnestness by at 
once raising a guarantee fund of ^450 to provide against any possible 
loss. En passant I may say that the promissory notes which formed 
this fund were never required, and at. the close of the Exhibition Mr. 
Sutton had the pleasure of returning them to the citizens whose 
signatures they bore. Mr. Sutton resumed the position of hon. secretary, 
and to his unceasing energy the success achieved is mainly due, but 
when the work increased as the project expanded a paid secretary was 
engaged, and Mr. Sutton in May, 1890, became Executive Com- 
missioner. The Committee found general support given to their 
modest scheme. The Municipal Council was prepared to erect a 
permanent building, and in view of the bona fides shown by the 
Committee and the Corporation the Government agreed to grant 500, 
which was subsequently increased to ^"1000. The promises of support 
which were so freely given led to the enlargement of the original 
programme, and the decision of the New Zealand Government to grant 
^"500 towards the representation of that colony gave an intercolonial 
aspect to the project, and led to the co-operation of other colonies being 
sought. In July, 1890, the Hon. the Premier wrote to the Premiers of the 
other colonies inviting co-operation, and the Exhibition thus received the 
official patronage of the Government. The competitive design of Mr. 
J. Duncan was accepted for the Albert Hall, and its erection was 
completed by Mr. Farmilo in 1890. Subsequently the front was 
relieved by cement work, carried out by Messrs. J. and T. Gunn, 
contractors for the annexes, from designs by Mr. A. E. Luttrell, 
architect. The total cost of the hall has been nearly 12,000. Early 
in 1891 the large organ which stood in the Mechanics' Institute was 
removed to the new hall, to be held in trust for the citizens. In 1890 
an Exhibition Choir was formed under the conductorship of Mr 
Alexander Wallace, Mr. J. A. James being musical director until his 
death, which took place shortly before the Exhibition opened. He 
was succeeded by Mr. E. H. Sutton, Miss Frost being organist. Owing 
to the rapid increase in the scope of the undertaking the co-operation 
of the residents at the capital was sought and obtained, in order to give 
the Exhibition a national character, and on May 14, 1890, at a meeting 
held in Hobart when a working committee for the southern portion 
of the island was organised, Mr. G. P. Fitzgerald being chairman the 
suggestion was made that the name be altered to the Tasmanian 
Exhibition. This was adopted, and it was decided to erect temporary 
annexes, giving a floor space of 25,000 ft., and to this another 50,000 ft. 
was subsequently added. 

It had been arranged to open the Exhibition in December, 1890, 
but in consequence of the paralysing effect upon commerce and transport 
of the Australian shipping strike and the labour troubles in England, it 
was decided in September, 1890, to defer the opening for twelve 



I5C OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

months, and this proved to have been one of the most fortunate 
circumstances that could have happened. Shortly afterwards Sir E. 
N. C. Braddon, Agent-General for the colony in London, undertook 
to further the interests of the Exhibition, formed a committee in 
London, and secured promises of exhibits from Great Britain and the 
Continent. The scope of the Exhibition then assumed proportions too 
extended for local enterprise to cope with, the committee not having 
funds to provide for the display of the exhibits promised. Overtures 
were made to the Government to take over the control or appoint a 
Royal Committee to carry on the Exhibition, but these were refused 
by Ministers. The committee then offered to increase the guarantee 
to ^i 500 if the Government would grant ^3000, and to this Ministers 
consented. Mr, Jules Joubert arrived in Launceston in April, 1891, 
and was appointed General Manager, a position he retained until the 
close of the Exhibition, which I have fully described in preceding pages. 

THE ALBERT" HALL. 

IN the preceding chapter I have narrated the events which culminated 
in the erection by the Launceston City Council of the magnificent pile 
of buildings known as the Albert Hall. The structure is situated in the 
City Park, fronting Tamar street, and it is consequently one of the first 
objects to attract the attention of visitors who come to the city by the 
railway. It was designed by Mr. John Duncan, and when finished cost 
^"12,224 8s. 7d. It is in the classical style of architecture, the Corinthian 
order being employed above the ground floor. It comprises numerous 
roomy offices, a banquet hall, cloak and dressing-rooms, and lavatory. The 
main hall 150 feet in length, by 60 feet in width for size and acoustic 
properties compares favourably with some of the largest halls in the 
world, its capacity, exclusive of platform and organ loft, placing it 
eleventh on the list of great apartments. At the rear of the spacious 
stage at the southern end of the hall, is erected the fine organ by 
Brindly, of Sheffield, which for some years stood in the Mechanics' 
Institute, the committee of which presented it to the Corporation in trust 
for the citizens. It is valued at ^1000, and when removed to its new 
position was remodeled and placed in thorough repair. During the 
Exhibition, the Albert Hall was handed over to the commissioners, and 
added in a great measure to the success of the enterprise, the acoustic 
properties being excellent, and the building admirably adapted for con- 
certs, oratorios, etc., when carried out on a large scale. The general 
offices were also contained in the building, and the opinion expressed 
by visitors was that it would do credit to a much larger and more 
important city than Launceston. The foundation stone was laid by the 
Mayor (Aldermon S. J. Sutton), on April 2, 1890; when Alderman 
Adye Douglas gave an interesting address, in which he narrated the pro- 
gress of the city. The building, which was erected by Mr. J. T. 
Farmilo, was completed shortly before the opening of the Exhibition. 

At the rear of the Albert Hall is the fernery, which reflects infinite 
credit upon Mr. McGowan, Superintendent of Municipal Reserves. It 
contains growing specimens of Tasmanian tree ferns Dicksonia, 
Alsophila, and even the rare Cyathea affinis, besides tree ferns from New 
South Wales, New Zealand, and Queensland. Miniature waterfalls rush 
through the ferns, and the effect, altogether, is exceedingly fascinating. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 150 



EXHIBITION FESTIVITIES. 

THE social festivities in connection with the Exhibition were inaugurated 
by the luncheon given by Mayor Sutton on the opening day, when his 
Worship had for his guests the Governors of Tasmania and Victoria, the 
Premier and members of the Ministry, the Mayor of Hobart, naval and 
military officers, members of Parliament, and leading colonists. On 
November 26 the Mayoress gave a Juvenile Fancy Dress Ball 
in the Albert Hall. A large number of guests attended, 
and the sight presented was generally regarded as a most 
pleasing and fascinating one. Struan House having been placed 
at the Governor's disposal, his Excellency, Lady Hamilton, 
and suite took up their residence there for some time, and during their 
stay gave several dinner parties, and had as their guests Lord Hopetoun, 
Governor of Victoria ; Sir Henry Norman, Governor of Queensland ; 
Dr. Giffen, and other distinguished visitors. The Mayoress held a 
reception in the Albert Hall, which was largely attended. It should also 
be mentioned that the ladies of Launceston purchased a very handsome 
jewel case at the Austrian Court, and handed it to Lady Hamilton as a 
New Year's gift. A return ball was given to the Mayor and Mayoress 
on February 3. 

In connection with the Exhibition itself there was a constant round of 
varied entertainments, and the Commissioners and General Manager 
were warmly complimented upon the manner in which this portion of 
the arrangements was carried out. The St. Joseph's and City Bands 
occupied the pavilion in the Avenue of Nations on alternate evenings, 
and gave enjoyable promenade concerts, whilst Miss Frost's organ 
recitals in the Albert Hall were keenly appreciated. The large hall was 
also occupied at various times by Mr. H. M. Stanley, the African explorer; 
Mr. Snazelle, with his delightful entertainment, " Music, Song, and 
Story ; " Rice's Evangeline Company ; and looked especially well upon 
the occasion of the Amateur Gardeners ' Association's Show, which was 
affiliated with the Exhibition. The Exhibition Choir did effective service, 
producing " The Messish " at Christmas, and assisting at a number of 
popular concerts, as well as at the solemnly attractive requiem for the 
late Duke of Clarence. In addition to these festivities there were al 
fresco concerts in the South Australian reception room, Mr. Munnew's 
Pavilion, Dempsters' Court, and an exhibition of Living Chess, under the 
direction of Mr. Alexander Wallace, was a feature in the Exhibition not 
likely to be forgotten. Mr. Arthur Day, official agent for Great Britain, 
gave an "at home" in his Court on the closing night. It was largely 
attended, the guests including his Excellency the Governor, the Mayor, 
and leading citizens. Mr. Vivian, Executive Commissioner for New 
South Wales, gave a banquet on New Year's Eve, which was of a festive 
and enjoyable character. The Hon. R. H. L. White, of Sydney, who 
came to Tasmania in his yacht The White Star, was lavish in dispensing 
hospitality during his stay, and materially aided the social success of the 



I5E OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Exhibition. In the grounds, in addition to the side shows, costume 
cricket matches were played, a chopping and sawing match took place, 
there was a tug of war, won by a team from the local gasworks, 
Professor Hall lectured on " Astronomy," and the Australian Blondin 
performed on the tight rope. The Bochum portable railway added to the 
picturesque appearance of the grounds, which looked at their very best 
when thronged with school children, who were from time to time the 
guests of the Commissioners, special arrangements being made by the 
Railway Department to enable them to visit the Exhibition. I should 
mention that the crew of H.M.S. Katoomba were entertained by the 
Commissioners at Evandale, and that the men from H.M.S. Rapid gave 
an assault-at-arms in the Albert Hall. Of course I have said nothing of 
the impromptu entertainments that were arranged from time to time, but 
it is right that I should record that Mr. Scott, official agent for South 
Australia, was entertained at luncheon prior to his departure, and that at 
the close of the Exhibition presentations were made to Mr. S. J. Sutton 
(Executive Commissioner), Mr. Jules Joubert (General Manager), Mr. 
H. A. Percy (Secretary), Mr. E. H. Sutton (Superintendent), Mr. I. 
Morris (H.M. Customs), Mr. H. B. Hardt (Secretary to the New South 
Wales Commissioner), Mr. R. W. Smith (Press), and Constable Adams, 
of the Municipal Police Force. 




TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. I5F 



TASMANIAN CITIES. 



HOBART. 



THE city of Hobart, capital of the colony, which was known as 
Hobart Town until 1881, is situated upon the lower slopes of Mount 
Wellington, overlooking the broad expanse of the river Derwent, which 
forms one of the finest harbours in the world. It was founded as far 
back as 1803, and consequently possesses that which few Australian 
cities can boast of the charm of comparative antiquity. Apart from 
this, however, the city has a natural beauty of its own. The broad 
river at its feet forms a huge land-locked lake with various bays and 
inlets. On the right are the white cliffs of Kangaroo Point and Rosny ; 
further up the river is Mount Direction, and behind it again the sharp 
peak called Breakneck. On a lovely green promontory, between the 
river and the wharf, is Government House, a building of singular 
architectural beauty with picturesque surroundings. On the left side of 
the bay is Mount Nelson, above a beautiful beach called Sandy Bay ; 
then comes Battery Point, and between the snugly ensconsed city 
gradually rising from the water's edge, with its shipping, and spreading 
up over its slopes, until instead of houses there are trees, and these keep 
carrying the vision still further skyward, and vegetation itself becomes 
lost, giving place to huge agglomerations of volcanic rock rising into an 
immense precipice, ranging in a sheer height of from 600 to 800 feet, 
and forming a natural walled barrier of magnificent proportions. Even 
still upward rises the crowning peak, surmounted with a small pinnacle, 
where, at the height of 4166 feet, earth kisses heaven. This is Mount 
Wellington, and so two mountains named after England's greatest naval 
and military heroes appear as though they kept constant watch and 
ward over the city. The town is well laid out, the broad streets running 
at right angles and being adorned with substantial and costly buildings. 
Hobart is the residence of the Anglican Bishop and Roman Catholic 
Archbishop, and the two cathedrals, though neither of them are com- 
plete, are creditable specimens of ecclesiastical architecture. There are 
five other Anglican churches in Hobart : St. Andrew's Church, erected 
in 1835 ; Chalmers and St. John's belong to the Presbyterian body, 
whilst the Memorial Church (Congregational) is one of the most impos- 
ing buildings in the city. The Houses of Parliament front the river, and 
though unpretentious in external appearance they afford ample accom- 
modation and contain a magnificent library. The Public Buildings 
containing the Post and other Government offices, form a massive block 
of substantial masonry and front Franklin Square, in which are bronze 
statues of Sir John Franklin and the late Dr. W. L. Crowther. The 
Town Hall fronts the square on the opposite side. It contains, in 



I5G OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

addition to a commodious main hall, ample office accommodation, and 
a portion of it is devoted to the purpose of a public library. This is one 
of the most valuable institutions in the colony, much of its success being 
due to the untiring efforts of the Librarian, Mr. A. J. Taylor. It contains 
between 10,000 and 11,000 volumes, and the rooms, which are kept in 
excellent order and are well lighted in the evening, are open to the public 
daily free of charge. The Museum, of which Mr. Alexander Morton is 
Curator, is another institution of which Tasmanians are justly proud. It 
contains a superb collection of great value, comprising coins, birds, 
beasts, fishes, and geological specimens, whilst a picture gallery which 
has somewhat recently been added promises to become an additional 
attraction. The Queen's Domain, reserved for the use of the people, 
affords a magnificent vantage ground for obtaining a bird's-eye view of 
the city and its surroundings, and it is here that buildings are being 
erected for the forthcoming Tasmanian International Exhibition, which 
is to be held under the management of Messrs. T. C. Just and Joules 
Joubert. The Royal Society's Gardens are beautifully situated, and in 
addition to their natural beauty are rendered attractive by the fact that 
they contain flowers and plants from every part of the world from the 
tropics to the South Pole. They compare favourably with the public 
gardens of the other Australian capitals. The charm of Hobart, how- 
ever, rests not so much in its lovely harbour or well kept streets, with 
their handsome buildings, as in the fact that within easy access there are 
walks and drives of singular attractiveness. The Fern Tree Bower on 
the slope of the mountain is a veritable fairy scene, abounding in fern 
trees in their most beautiful form, whilst a stream of water, pure as 
heaven's dew, trickles through them. Grand views are obtained from 
Mount Nelson, and Mount Wellington possesses a charm for those who 
are strong enough to clamber over its " Ploughed Field." In addition to 
the places named, however, there are numerous quiet drives, all attrac- 
tive, whilst the angler can obtain abundant fishing in the Derwent. 
There is an excellent racecourse at Elwick, and the new Cricket 
Ground, situated in the upper portion of the Domain, which is the 
result of the zeal and energy of Mr. J. G. Davies, M.H.A., is equal to 
any in the other colonies. The city is lighted with gas, and progress is 
being made with the preliminary work in connection with the introduc- 
tion of tram-cars. The Municipal Police, under the control of Mr. F. 
Pedder, are a fine body of men, and the Volunteer movement meets with 
a fair measure of support. 



LAUNCESTON. 

01 

JUST as Hobart is the southern and official capital, so Launceston is 
the northern and commercial capital of Tasmania. Its settlement was 
first formed on the 15* October, 1804 just eight months after the 
foundation of Hobart Town. It was then a separate military command 
and it was not until 1812 that the northern and southern sections of the 
island were united under one control. The River Tamar, upon which 
the city stands, was named by Lieutenant-Colonel Paterson the first 
commandant, after the Cornish stream which flows through some of the 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. I5H 

most beautiful scenery of south-western England ; whilst the city was 
named after the quaint old town on the banks of the English Tamar. 
The city, though having less majestic natural surroundings than the 
capital, possesses a charm of its own, and has been aptly termed a 
" city of gardens.'' The area of the city proper is 3400 acres, and the 
population only 17,600, so that there is ample room for expansion. It 
is the centre from which mining operations are directed, indeed it was 
the development of the mineral resources of the colony in the early 
seventies which gave the northern capital such an impetus that it was 
proclaimed a city in 1889. Very large sums of money have been spent 
upon harbour improvements, with the result that vessels of heavy tonnage 
can berth alongside the wharf, whilst the fact that it is the nearest port 
to Victoria makes it the terminus for the passenger traffic. The city 
possesses many imposing public buildings, notably the Post and Tele- 
graph Offices (in the Queen Anne style of architecture), in which the 
arrangements for the convenience of the public are decidedly in advance 
of those in vogue in the other colonies. The Mechanics' Institute and 
Free Library contains some 15,000 volumes, and on its walls are hung 
the portraits of old colonists who have been identified with the progress 
of the island. The Town Hall is a sustantial building, erected at a cost 
of j"6ooo, providing a large hall, Council Chamber, and the necessary 
municipal offices. Then there are the public offices, Bank of Australasia, 
Union and National Banks, Widows' Fund Insurance Company, A.M. P. 
offices, and other large mercantile buildings, which are well up to the 
requirements of the people, and will compare favourably with those to 
be found elsewhere. The Museum and Fine Art Gallery contains a very 
extensive collection, which are housed in a spacious building adjoining 
the Court House. The Albert Hall, which I have described at length 
elsewhere, is, of course, the building of the city, and constitutes a 
splendid memento of Mr. S. ]. Sutton's thrice renewed term of office as 
Mayor. The ecclesiastical architecture of the city may be said to be 
represented by the Church of the Apostles, Christ Church, St. Andrew's 
Church, and the Patterson Street Wesleyan Church, whilst St. John's, 
fronting Prince's Square, was built more than half a century ago. Some 
ofthe buildings possess historic interest ; for instance, the Cornwall Hotel, 
which is still tenanted, was once kept by John Pascoe Fawkner, one of the 
founders of Victoria. It is not so much with its buildings as with the 
surroundings of the northern city that I feel called upon to deal. Huge 
piles of bricks and mortar, excellent public buildings, hotels, and coffee 
palaces can be found throughout Australia generally, but such surround- 
ings as those with which nature has endowed Launceston can rarely be 
met with elsewhere. In all directions charming and picturesque scenery 
is to be met with, and the silent influence of the beautiful enjoyed. Within 
half an hour's walk of the heart of the city is the Cataract Gorge, which is 
of the nature of one of those canons of the Rocky Mountains of which we 
read so much in American literature. It is a collosal rift between cliffs 
of dark volcanic rock, and is evidently due to volcanic action ; the First 
Basin, some three quarters of a mile up the stream, being regarded as 
the crater of an extinct volcano. The Gorge is shut in by basaltic rocks, 
in places columnar in form, to a height of some 300 feet. For half a 
mile above the handsome suspension bridge, which spans the river and 
gives us access to the Gorge, the water is deep ; then a series of rapids 
over rocky barriers commences, called " the Cataract," leading to the 



I5J OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

First Basin, a deep circular pool surrounded by hills. So deep is the 
First Basin that the whole stream of the river that comes foaming down 
a long stretch of rapids into it cannot make a current across the basin to 
where its rocky edge commences. Just above the lower end of the 
Cataract the stream has been roughly dammed, and on the southern 
bank commences a line of wooden shutes, carried down the side of the 
Gorge to Ritchie's flour mill. These ancient shutes (erected in 1836) 
clinging to the rocky sides of the Gorge, in places carried through the 
air on wooden or iron supports let into the solid rock and supplying a 
hundred miniature waterfalls from leakage and overflow, rather add to 
than detract from the romantic surroundings. It is doubtful whether a 
more picturesque spot can be found in the Australian colonies, and every 
facility has been afforded for viewing its beauties. In 1885 (during Mr. 
Henry Button's term of office as Mayor) the Municipal Council con- 
structed what is known as the "Zig-zag," a winding pathway along the 
left side of the Gorge and over the hill to the First Basin, and from this 
pathway some lovely panoramic views of the surrounding country may 
be obtained. On the other side of the stream will be found what is 
known as the Gorge Track. The land here is private property, having 
been originally part of the Trevallyn estate, but in 1889 the City and 
Suburbs Improvement Association was formed, and a lease obtained 
upon nominal terms of a strip along the water's edge. Funds were 
readily subscribed, with the result that the Association has accomplished 
the Herculean task of constructing a pathway along the precipitous side 
of the Gorge to the First Basin. In places wooden bridges had to be 
constructed across clefts or round the face of a cliff ; in other places 
thousands of tons of rock have been blasted away or thrown down, and 
the pathway is built upon walls of dry stone masonry. Nowhere is the 
edge of the path more than a few feet back from the side of the stream 
and in some places the bridges overhang the water. Every available 
gully and cleft has been planted with tree ferns ; wherever practicable 
the banks have been sloped, made up with earth, and sown with grass 
seed. Ivy climbs up the gaunt old rocks, moss has been planted at 
their base, while the little nooks and terraces, and the hillside above, 
wherever there was soil enough, has been planted with native and 
European trees and shrubs. The Chinese residents, who have taken 
great interest in the work and materially assisted its furtherance, pro- 
cured flowers from their own flowery land, whilst others have come 
from Japan and distant parts. The effect is very beautiful now, and Mr. 
H. N. Taylor, who has given his voluntary services as director, is proud 
of his work, but in a few years it will undoubtedly become one of the 
show places of the Australian colonies. At the entrance are two very 
handsome gates, whilst the caretaker's cottage, a pretty little Swiss 
chalet, is perched up on the rocks close by. Seats are provided along 
the path ; a commodious band-stand has been erected ; here and there we 
come across summer-houses, like eagle's nests, in the rocks. Overhead, 
indeed, as the visitor ascends the Gorge, winding in and out round 
rocky cliffs and blind gullies, the combination of water and mountain 
scenery is charmingly picturesque, and when the Cataract is reached 
and the river becomes one tumbling mass of seething breakers, churned 
into foam and roaring with the efforts made to surmount the rocky 
barriers that impede its course, while on the other side and in the back- 
ground rise the grim silent hills, studded with massive basaltic pillars 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. IJK 

that seem tottering to their fall, it is difficult to realise that so much 
poetry and romantic solitude exist within a mile of the busy city. When 
the South Esk is in flood the view from the Gorge Track presents a 
scene of sublime grandeur. I have described the Gorge at length, not 
only because of its singular beauty, but because it will for ever form a 
memento of the success of the Tasmanian International Exhibition of 
1891-92, the balance in hand, after having paid all demands, having 
been handed by the Commissioners to the City and Suburbs Improve- 
ment Association. The Association has purchased an area of land at 
the First Basin which will in days to come be provided with a concert 
hall and other accessories, and will be known as " Exhibition Park." 
But there are other lovely and picturesque outings to be had within a 
short distance of Launceston. Distillery Creek, the site of the Waverley 
Woollen Mills, Rosevears, on the Tamar, and the Denison Gorge, on the 
Scottsdale line of railway, are all well worth visiting, illustrating a charm- 
ing scenery not to be met with on the mainland of Australia. The city 
prides itself upon its beautiful surroundings, but not less upon the 
excellent and successful administration of its municipal affairs, which has 
had the effect of establishing a record that cannot be surpassed, a fact 
owing in a great measure to the interest which the hon. Adye Douglas and 
other leading residents have taken in civic affairs. The city and suburbs 
possess an abundant supply of pure water, and are lit with gas, but the 
latter is to give place to the electric light, work in connection with its 
introduction having already been commenced. 




l6 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



REPORT OF THH EXECUTIVE 
COMMISSIONER. 



Tasmanian International Exhibition Office, 

Launceston, 3151 March, 1892. 
SIR, 

1. I have the honour to forward my Official Report upon the Tas- 
manian International Exhibition recently brought to a successful close. 

2. The proposal to hold a Tasmanian International Exhibition 
originated as far back as the year 1885, but it was not until the return 
of the Commissioners from the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition that a 
resolution was passed at a general meeting, " That it is desirable that 
an Exhibition should be held at Launceston." Following this, and with 
a view to the carrying out of the proposal, the City Council was induced 
to undertake the erection of the Albert Hall in the City Park, at a cost 
of j 1 2,000. 

3. The original proposal was to hold a Juvenile Industrial Exhibi- 
tion, but, on the advice of the Government, the scope of the project was 
enlarged ; it was resolved to hold an International Exhibition, and Gov- 
ernment promised to assist in the erection of annexes conditional on a 
sum of ^"1500 being guaranteed by the citizens of Launceston, and that 
20,000 superficial feet of space should be provided for a British Court, 
with a like area for each of the neighbouring Colonies and Tasmania ; 
15,000 feet for machinery, and suitable provision for Fine Art Gallery, 
Fernery, etc. On these conditions Parliament granted ^4000. 

4. As a preliminary step the Premier (Hon. P. O. Fysh) authorised 
the Agent-General in England Sir Edward Braddon to further the 
movement. That gentleman entered warmly into the scheme, and 
formed an influential committee of advice in London, through whose 
exertions the sympathies of exhibitors in Great Britain and the Continent 
of Europe were secured. To the Agent-General and the London Com- 
mittee we are deeply indebted ; their efforts contributed greatly to the 
success achieved. 

5. In February, 1891, Mr. Jules Joubert was invited to advise the 
Tasmanian Commission, and was ultimately engaged as General 
Manager, taking the charge of operations in April. He at once revised 
the prize schedule, appointed official agents in various parts of the world, 
and proceeded with so much energy that applications for space came in 
freely, and the success of the Exhibition was assured. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 17 

6. The erection of the necessary annexes and buildings was entrusted 
to Messrs. J. and T. Gunn, who carried out their contract expeditiously 
and to the entire satisfaction of the Committee. 

7. The Exhibition was opened by his Excellency the Governor, in 
presence of a brilliant assemblage, including his Excellency Lord 
Hopetoun, Governor of Victoria, and a number of distinguished visitors. 
The event was marked by an industrial procession, by an imposing 
ceremony within the Albert Hall, and by an inaugural luncheon in the 
Mechanics' Institute. The Exhibition was closed by a similar ceremony 
on the 22nd March, 1892. 

8. An inaugural Cantata was composed by Mr. John Plummer, of 
Sydney, for the opening ceremony. The words of the Cantata will be 
found in Appendix A. to this report. 

9. Arrangements were made to enable his Excellency the Governor to 
countenance the Exhibition as much as possible. Struan House, 
Cameron street, was secured, suitably furnished, and placed at the 
disposal of Sir Robert and Lady Hamilton. His Excellency Lord 
Hopetoun, and his Excellency General Sir Henry Norman, Governor of 
Queensland, were for a time guests at Struan House, and took a great 
interest in the Exhibition. H.M.S. Katoomba and H. M.S. Rapid also 
visited the Tamar during the season, the officers and men evincing great 
interest in the Exhibition. 

10. Numerous visitors from the neighbouring Colonies and Europe 
have visited the Exhibition. The number registered as having passed 
the turnstiles is 262,059. 

n. That the full educational value of the Exhibition might be 
realised, arrangements were made with the railway authorities under 
which the children of the State and other schools were conveyed to and 
from Launceston at nominal fares ; the Exhibition was thrown open to 
them free, very large numbers attended, and it is believed the impressions 
produced on so many youthful minds will prove of lasting benefit. 

12. The countries represented at the Exhibition were Great Britain, 
France, Germany, Austria, Bohemia, Italy, Canada, New South Wales, 
Victoria, South Australia, and Queensland. There were 1372 Exhibitors, 
and the Exhibits numbered 6826. A plan of the Exhibition is attached 
(Appendix F). 

13. Thanks are due to the gentlemen who accepted and carried out 
so thoroughly the work of the Juries ; to the staff of the Exhibition, and 
more especially to my brother Commissioners, who devoted so much 
time and labour to the carrying out of so great an undertaking ; to the 
City Council of Launceston and to the Government of Tasmania, to 
whom we are respectively indebted for the permanent building known as 
the " Albert Hall," and for the liberal subsidy which enabled us to erect 
the annexes in the City Park, grateful thanks are also tendered. 

14. After the official closing of the Exhibition a produce show was 
held in the buildings and grounds, at which a magnificent display was 
made by the agriculturists and horticulturists of the Colony. The show 
was kept open for a week, and attracted an immense concourse of 
visitors. 

c 



l8 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

15. In conclusion, I congratulate the Government and the Colony on 
the successful termination of our efforts, believing that the results of the 
International Exhibition will prove of great ultimate benefit, not only to 
the City of Launceston but to the Colony of Tasmania. 

1 6. The following Appendices are attached : 
APPENDIX A. Inaugural Cantata. 

B. Report of Chairman of Juries. 
C. Exhibition Statistics and Balance Sheets. 
,, D. Plan of the Exhibition, showing the allotment of 
space. 

I have the honour to be, 
Sir, 

Your obedient Servant, 

S. J. SUTTON, Executive Commissioner. 
The Hon. the Premier of Tasmania. 




TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 19 



THE OPENING CEREMONIES. 



IF a bright sun and a cloudless sky could be regarded as a good 
omen, the career of the Tasmanian International Exhibition was 
destined to be a successful one, for the day was warm and 
clear, and surrounding nature was adorned in her most attractive 
garment on Wednesday, the 25th day of November the occasion of 
the opening of our long looked forward to international show. The 
morning broke most auspiciously, and in the early hours of daylight 
there were many astir making due preparation for the big holiday. 
There was much to be done, for those taking part in the procession had 
been summoned to assemble at 9-15 a.m., and punctuality was the 
watchword impressed upon all concerned. The city was therefore early 
astir, and the citizens with their families by eight o'clock were to be seen 
issuing into the streets dressed in their holiday attire, all ready to take 
their share in the celebrations which were soon to follow. Launceston 
wore her gala appearance, the main thoroughfares being rendered all 
the more festive looking by the bunting displayed from various of the 
residences and business establishments. Flags of all nations and all 
descriptions, from the " Union Jack " to the humble banner of non- 
descript pattern, were flying from various points of vantage throughout 
the city. The vessels in port also had an excellent show of bunting, and 
the wharfs looked especially gay with the numerous bright coloured 
ensigns floating in the breeze. By half-past eight a continuous flow of 
sightseers was to be noted, making in the direction of the Market Green, 
whence the procession was to start. The numbers ere long began to 
increase, and the main streets commenced to assume a crowded appear- 
ance, for as the morning wore on residents of the outlying suburbs and 
people from the country arrived to swell the ranks of the holiday-makers. 
The number of country visitors who arrived in Launceston by rail during 
the two days was estimated at 1000. The N.W. Coast was rather 
sparsely represented, the residents evidently waiting for the cheap fares. 
At the Market Square from nine o'clock all was bustle and animation, 
for the general public had assembled in large numbers to watch the 
various participants in the coming procession arrive and depart. 
Captain T. H. Gould, of the Launceston Rifle Regiment, occupied the 
position of marshal, and mounted on a white charger, he rode from point to 
point seeing things moving. The centre of the roadway in such portions 
of St. John, Cimitiere, and William streets as are in proximity to the 
Market Square was kept clear of the crowd, and along the reserved space 
the various vehicles engaged were allotted their respective positions. 
The members of the societies taking part in the proceedings took up 
c2 



20 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

their positions in different portions of the square. The public in great 
numbers lined the footpaths in the adoining streets, the sight-seers alsa 
being spread over a considerable area of the green. Superintendent 
Coulter, of the Launceston police, had under his charge an efficient con- 
tingent of the city force, while a mounted detachment of the territorial 
constabulary did effective work in keeping the surging crowd within 
bounds. The idea of bringing into requisition horsed policemen on 
occasions when crowds are likely to assemble is one somewhat new to 
Launcestonians, and without doubt the orders of an officer, when given 
with the aid of a powerful charger to assist in enforcing compliance in 
case of a demur, have a wonderful effect in keeping a crowd within limits. 
Local and Australian detectives kept moving among the assemblage 
with a view of frustrating as far as possible the designs of the contingent 
of light-fingered gentry who honoured us with their presence for the 
opening of the Exhibition. By 9-45 a.m. most of the participants in 
the procession had reached the starting point, and affairs generally began 
to assume a very animated appearance. The Orange representatives 
were early in the field, a murmur of dissent running through many 
portions of the crowd as this part of the procession made its appearance, 
for the majority of onlookers evidently thought the occasion seized to 
flout emblems of religious prejudice in the eyes of a multitude was 
exceedingly ill-timed. The Rechabites followed, and from that period 
a procession of men and vehicles poured on to the scene from all direc- 
tions. The roadway in St. John street to William street, in Cimitiere 
street from St. John to Charles street, and in William street from St. 
John to near George street, was filled with floats, drays, and various other 
descriptions of vehicles used for the displays emblematical of the 
various trades to be represented in the procession. Many of these 
called forth exclamations of approval from the crowd as they passed on 
to the places allotted them, and certainly the taste with which the 
exhibition generally speaking was arranged was exceedingly good. 
The butchers' brigade cut an exceedingly dashing appearance, the 
" boys in blue " being all well mounted. The venerable-looking Druids 
came in for a considerable share of attention, more especially from the 
country folks, many of whom saw these representatives of Britain's, 
ancient priesthood for the first occasion. Up to 9-30 o'clock the crowd 
kept on increasing, until finally a waving sea of heads met the view upon 
all sides. The utmost good humour prevailed, and the usual 
amount of friendly badinage was indulged in whenever opportunity 
offered. Shortly before ten o'clock the work of getting the procession 
started upon its journey throughout the main streets of the city was com- 
menced, and, headed by the Hobart City Band, under Conductor 
Hopkins, a move was made along St. John street towards the heart of 
the city. The incidental arrangements worked with a smoothness that 
was surprising considering the circumstances, for the whole proceedings 
must necessarily be regarded in the light of an unrehearsed effect. The 
order of march was given out by the marshal, and followed, with very 
few exceptions, with promptness and praiseworthy regularity. The 
various bands struck up their music as they marched at intervals from 
the square, and the scene became a decidedly imposing one, the 
onlookers signifying their approval by repeated cheering. The exhibi- 
tions of various well-known business firms were loudly cheered as they 
passed, each in its turn, the main body of spectators, while the appear- 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 21 

ance of some of the less pretentious shows was made the occasion for 
laughter and good-natured banter. The majority of our local industries 
were represented, and the sight presented, as the gigantic procession 
slowly wound along, was both attractive and instructing. At one moment 
the eye would be caught by an exhibition of specimens of that necessity 
of our earliest infancy, the cradle, and anon a contingent of those 
whose work it is to build for us another and final necessity sweeps by, 
while in between might be seen the various means by which our many 
wants are duly mininistered to during that brief span which intervenes 
between the cradle and the grave. Without doubt the many eulogisms 
passed upon the procession were thoroughly well deserved, and the 
citizens of Launceston have every reason to be proud of the show that 
was made. In several instances the representatives of the different 
trades were to be seen diligently plying their respective avocations, and 
this of course made the proceedings doubly interesting. By 10 
minutes past 10 o'clock the whole of the procession had been 
got under way, the rear being brought up by a powerful Hornsby 
road locomotive with steam full up, which puffed and fretted its 
way up the incline which occurs in St. John street after the Market 
Square is left behind. The crowd followed, its proportions increas- 
ing as the more central parts of the city were reached, while every 
point of vantage along the line of route was crowded with eager spectators, 
windows, balconies, and housetops being in great request. The chief 
thoroughfares of the city were gone through, and frequent cheering was 
to be heard as the proportions of the procession became from time to 
time apparent. The only objectionable feature in the proceedings, and a 
most objectionable one it was too, was the throwing of bags of flour 
from several of the bakers' carts into crowds of expensively dressed 
ladies and children. The perpetrators of this outrage should have been 
summarily dealt with, and the vehicles they were connected with ordered 
at once to fall out of the procession. Several policemen were to be seen 
riding alongside in the immediate vicinity of the culprits, yet nothing 
was done to put a stop to their inexcusable conduct. At ii'3O the 
procession broke up in proximity to the Exhibition Building, and the 
crowd then concentrated its attention upon the ceremonials which were 
to follow. 

The scene in front of the Exhibition Building in Tamar street was, 
from 1 1 a.m. until after noonday, one of great animation. The very 
large crowd assembled lined the footpaths on both sides of the roadway, 
a passage being kept clear in the centre for those taking a prominent 
part in the opening ceremonies. The best of order was maintained 
throughout, rowdyism being, happily, conspicuous by its absence. 

At 10 o'clock four gun detachments of the Launceston Volunteer 
Artillery paraded at the drill yard, St. John street, and at n a.m., under 
command of Captain Harrap, marched, with their guns horsed and 
mounted, to the saluting base, on the Windmill Hill. As their Ex- 
cellencies Sir Robert Hamilton and Lord Hopetoun left Struan House 
for the Exhibition Building, the signal was given, and a salute of 1 7 
guns fired from the hill. 

Shortly after the procession passed down Tamar street, the bluejackets 
marched up, headed by their fife and drum band, and were marshalled 
along the main entrance leading to the Albert Hall, forming a passage. 
The guard of honour, comprising 50 men under Captain R. J. Sadler 



22 . OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

(Lieuts. Cragg and Chapman also being present), headed by the band 
of the Rifle Regiment, marched up from the drill-yard at about 
11-45 p.m., and were arranged along Tamar street in front of the build- 
ing, and waited for the arrival of the Governors. Their Excellencies 
Sir R. G. C. Hamilton and Lord Hopetoun were driven to the Albert 
Hall shortly before noon, and were received with the royal salute. After 
the reception of the Governors the guard of honour marched down- 
Tamar street, where they were also dismissed. The bluejackets were 
then called out, and also dispersed until shortly after four o'clock, when 
they were mustered again and marched back to their boats. 



THE PROCESSION. 

It was conceded upon all sides that if the opening day of the Exhibition 
was to be an unqualified success, the procession should form a pageant 
such as would be a credit to all concerned. The local industries must 
of necessity be a leading feature in such a proceeding, while the benefit 
and friendly societies should, of course, be well represented. Ta 
ultimately bring about such a state of things it was considered the united 
wisdom of delegates from the various societies and trades should be 
brought to bear upon the question, and it was finally decided to form a 
procession committee. At first difficulties arose, but with judicious and 
careful management, combined with the reason that comes of concerted 
thought, the threatened " rifts in the lute" were avoided, and the mem- 
bers of the committee eventually found themselves in a fair way to make 
a creditable display. To attend to minor details a sub-procession com- 
mittee was appointed, and from its inception it was found to work with 
advantage. Mr. E. B. Hornsby was the secretary of both committees,. 
and for real hard work, combined with rare tact and judgment, it would 
have been difficult to have equalled him. The societies and business 
firms responded well to the call made upon them for co-operation and 
support, and the trades were not behindhand in entering with vigour 
into the matter, with the satisfactory result noticeable, in the un- 
doubtedly fine display. In past years Launceston has had some 
presentable processions, but on no previous occasion has such a 
systematic and yet artistic show been seen wending its \vay along the 
streets. The nearest approach to it is the great Eight Hours Day proces- 
sion held annually in Melbourne, and in proportion to population the 
comparison is favourable to the local march out, for in the former city 
the Trades and Labour Council, with its many subordinate branches, 
carries in its wake a large number of supporters, while in Launceston 
there is really no great organisation apparent in what pertains to trades- 
unionism. That being the case the manner in which the various in- 
dustries were represented on the opening day was a clear example that 
both employers and employed had the welfare of the city at heart, and 
recognised that each contributes to the other's advantage. As a proof of 
the excellent arrangements that had been made, the members who in- 
tended taking part in the procession assembled punctually on the 
Market Green at 9-30 a.m. No confusion was experienced, and so well 
planned was the whole affair that each body of men knew exactly where 
their forces were to fall in. Captain T. H. Gould was an efficient 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 23 

marshal, and to him is due much of the order and decorum which pre- 
vailed. Although it seemed only natural that some loss of time would 
take place in arranging the long army of men and vehicles into some- 
thing like good marching order, nothing of the kind occurred. On the 
contrary, at 9*45 a.m. the Hobart City Band, who were occupying the 
front position, struck up a martial air, and with military precision the 
inarch commenced in due order as follows : Ancient Order of Odd 
Fellows; Messrs J. and T. Gunn's employes ; Protestant Alliance; Mr. 
J. T. Farmilo's employes ; Adams, Griffiths, and Dudley, timber mer- 
chants ; printers ; Federal Band ; Loyal Orange Institution ; F. Paine, 
coach-builder; J. Lyall, shoeing smith ; J. Denton, coach-builder; J. 
Nichols and Son, hay and corn merchants ; Nevin, Green, and Howard, 
coach-builders; H. Crocker and Son, coach-builders; J.Campbell, 
potteries; J. Boag and Son, brewers; A. G. Robins, cooper; West 
Devonport Band ; Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; M. E. Abbott, 
cordial manufacturer; H. Smith, cooper; W. I. Thrower, cordial 
factor ; A. V. Cowap, cordial factor ; D. Storrer, cabinetmaker ; Mills 
Bros., cabinetmakers ; F. Walker, florist ; E. Jack, boat-builder ; J. 
M'Lennan, florist; J. Moore, boat-builder; R. Newey and Son, seeds- 
men ; E. Darcey, boat-builder ; Campbell Town Band ; Ancient Order 
of Druids ; bakers ; Beaumont Bros., confectioners ; G. Lewis, boot 
factory ; J. Dunning, tailor ; Perth Band ; I.O. Rechabites ; F. Hart 
and Son, tinsmiths ; Dunn and Williams, stonemasons ; Corporation 
quarrymen ; J. Hemp, umbrella maker; R. Gardner, tanner; South 
Esk Band; Fire Brigade; J. Rawson, chimney sweep; butchers; J. 
Ballard, jun., basketmaker ; Upton and Co., soapmakers ; G. Shields, 
wood and coal merchant ; Ainley, wire mattress maker ; Bond and Carr, 
brass founders ; Peter and Son, iron founders ; W. H. Knight, engineer ; 
Salisbury, Scott, and Co., engineers. 

There were 57 various societies and industrial establishments repre- 
sented in the foregoing manner, and it is estimated that 2850 persons 
took part in the march. Having a fair start the procession was a most 
imposing spectacle, having all the charm of military discipline combined 
with variety of uniform or attire. The line of march was along 
St. John street to Patterson street, thence from Patterson street 
into Wellington street as far as Frankland street, returning by way of 
Charles street through Cameron street to the City Park. The marshal, 
mounted on a charger, preceded the rank and file, and at various distances, 
to preserve order, mounted constables rode on either side of the main 
body. The great attraction of the procession was naturally the 
examples of the methods employed in the various industrial or manu- 
facturing houses of this city, and right well those engaged in playing at 
their daily avocations fulfilled their important parts. The building trade 
was exceptionally well represented by Messrs. J. and T. Gunn and J. T. 
Farmilo, and on the various lorries lath-splitters, stonemasons, slaters, 
plasterers, joiners, fitters, and blacksmiths plied vigorously with their 
keen or blunt-edged tools. Then, coach-building was in full swing as 
performed in the various well-known establishments, and those working 
at the fires with great gusto literally wiped the " honest sweat" of toil 
from off their heat-moistened brows. Cabinetmaking, with its sister 
trade, upholstering, had no lack of workmen, and the substantial-looking 
unfinished frames contrasted well with the nearly completed and 
elegantly finished suites of drawing-room furniture, all being apparently 



24 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

prepared on the somewhat prescribed limits of moving vehicles. As the 
various brewers' and cordial manufacturers' large and well-appointed 
drays and lorries passed along, heavily laden with the many cooling 
beverages, the parched lips of the thousands who lined the footpaths 
and roads bore testimony of what a quantity they could dispose of if 
they only had a chance to imbibe the sparkling liquids. Foremost m 
the ranks of this business was observable the brightly painted carts, the 
splendid specimens of horses, each in the pink of condition, and the 
highly burnished harness and trappings belonging to the Phoenix 
Brewery and also the Phoenix Cordial Factory, the proprietor and pro- 
prietress (Mr. W. H. Abbott and Mrs. M. E. Abbott) of which may 
justly feel proud of their display. J. Boag and Son also mustered their 
vehicles, horses, and wares in strong force and with due effect, as did 
Mr. W. I. Thrower and Mr. A. V. Cowap, each showing to the best 
advantage the extent of their cordial businesses. The Sandhill 
Potteries display, by Mr. J. Campbell's employe's, was also a feature in 
the pageant. The Phoenix 'Foundry, with the heavy machinery, the 
light steel and iron work, and the many other representations of an im- 
portant and growing industry, attracted the admiration of the concourse 
of people, all seemingly working so easily and well. One of the 
most taking sights was the lorry on which Messrs. Dunn and 
Williams, monumental masons, displayed the artistic work carved 
and hewn from the rough material. The cart was tastefully 
arranged, and the evergreens shading the workmen had a refreshing 
effect. Practical and eloquent was the appearance presented by the 
tinsmith's shop in full work by the workmen of Mr. F. Hart. The light 
metallic tap of the hammers had a harmonising sound mingled with 
the motley and many noises which filled the air ; pleasant and melodious 
sounded popular songs as sung by Mr. J. Dunning's ubiquitous and 
industrious-looking staff of tailors. The butchers also made no incon- 
siderable show, and their appointments were all in keeping with the 
whole well-arranged details of the procession. In the bakers' section 
there was a good representation of the trade. Messrs. W. G. Porter, 
H. Webb, and S. Edwards were engaged at work on the lorries, and the 
following sent carts and lorries, viz. Messrs. F. W. Hall, F. Crosby, 
G. B. Dean, W. D. Munro, P. James, J. Lane, T. B. Dean, A. Rankin, 
J. B. Knaggs, and Beaumont Bros. The effect of their carts being 
prettily decorated with flowers, entwined in evergreens, was much com- 
mented upon. The procession extended about three-quarters of a mile, 
and the exhibitions of industry, intermingled with the strong body of 
friendly societies, exemplifying thrift and forethought, conveyed to many 
a wholesome and retentive lesson. A Hornsby road locomotive, drawing 
a multitubular locomotive boiler just finished to the order of the Tas- 
manian Government, steamed in the rear of the line of march, and 
although snorting with the impatience of an iron horse, the exhibitors, 
Messrs. Salisbury, Scott, and Co., may congratulate themselves that it 
came in for a full share of general admiration. The members of the 
various lodges and orders indicated the strong position they hold with 
regard to members, but no society had more cause to take heart of grace 
at their display than the Ancient Order of Druids. The Druidical car 
with stones representing Stonehenge, the outriders in quaint blue and 
white robes, and the wives and daughters in the car, attractively costumed, 
with the long-flowing robes of the Druids on foot, gave a patriarchal and 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 25 

strangely varied appearance to an uncommon and unique display. The 
members of this society gave hearty cheers as they passed the vice-regal 
residence. 

Upon arrival in Tamar street the procession halted outside the Albert 
Hall, and the members which formed it were drawn up in line on either 
side of the crowd to await the arrival of his Excellency the Governor and 
party, when the president and standard-bearers of every society entered 
the Albert Hall, and the procession ended. 



WITHIN THE ALBERT HALL. 

The arrangements at the Albert Hall for reception of the invited guests 
were very satisfactory. The hall had been divided into sections, each 
marked by a pole and banner of a particular colour, and bearing a letter. 
The tickets were issued in batches coloured and lettered to correspond 
with the sections, and as a number of members of the Exhibition Com- 
mittee were on duty to receive the guests, all were marshalled to their 
seats without confusion. The hall was decorated with flags of all nations, 
and under the gallery on the eastern side a dais had been erected, 
carpeted, and fitted with chairs, and covered by a canopy of striped 
material, the effect being neat and in harmony with the surroundings. 
Both design and execution of this dais reflect credit on Messrs. 
Dempsters, to whom the work was entrusted. As the members of the 
Ministry and other distinguished visitors arrived they took their seats on 
the dais. At n a.m. a detachment of 86 bluejackets from H.M.S. 
Katoomba arrived, under command of Lieut. A. Gillespie and accom- 
panied by Gunner Garland, and opening out lined the avenue from the 
main entrance door, in Tamar street, to the foot of the dais. Shortly 
afterwards Paymaster Truscott, Surgeon Jackson, and Engineers Sennett 
and Wall, of the Katoomba, arrived. By ii'3O p.m. the hall presented 
a very striking appearance. The galleries were filled by season ticket 
holders, and the spacious hall filled by a gay assemblage, the relief of 
colour afforded by the varied dresses of the ladies being heightened by 
the uniforms of military officers on the retired list and the university 
robes of many clergymen. The stage, which was occupied by the 
Exhibition choir, was arranged with taste and striking effect. The lady 
vocalists appeared in white dresses, the soprani and alti in separate 
groups in the front, distinguished by crimson and blue sashes respectively, 
the tenors and basses in the back, and the eye travelled over tier above 
tier of the singers to the orchestra, the gaily painted pipes of the large 
organ forming an appropriate background. 

Punctually at ii'45 a.m. the boom of the howitzers of the Launceston 
Artillery Corps firing a salute announced that their Excellencies Sir 
Robert Hamilton and Lord Hopetoun and suite had left Struan House 
for the Exhibition, and a few minutes later the larger assemblage in the 
hall rose to its feet as the command " Arms " brought the double line of 
bluejackets to attention. A pause ensued while the Executive Commis- 
sioners were receiving their Excellencies at the entrance, and then 
" Shoulder " was heard, followed by " Royal Salute ; " the choir rose, 
and as the vice-regal party entered the hall the strains of the National 



26 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Anthem broke forth from the orchestra, and preceded by Mr. Joubert, 
the general manager, Sir Robert and Lady Hamilton ascended the dais, 
followed by Lord Hopetoun and members of the vice-regal party, the 
President and Executive Commissioner, and a number of officers of the 
Launceston and Hobart Rifle Corps, who found seats near the dais. 

The dais was occupied by his Excellency Sir Robert and Lady 
Hamilton, his Excellency Lord Hopetoun, Governor of Victoria; 
Captain Bickford, of H.M.S. Katoomba; Colonel W. V. Legge, Acting 
Aide-de-Camp to Sir Robert Hamilton ; Captain Willoughby, Aide-de- 
Camp to Lord Hopetoun ; Lieut.-Colonel A. H. Warner, Commandant 
Tasmanian Defence Force, and Staff-Adjutant Major Wallack ; 
Surgeon H. S. Jackson, and Paymaster E. H. Truscott, H.M.S. 
Katoomba ; the hon. the Premier and Mrs. Fysh; the hon. the Treasurer 
and Mrs. Bird; the hon. Minister of Lands and Works and Mrs. Pillinger; 
the hon. W. Moore, President of the Legislative Council ; the Right Rev. 
Dr. Montgomery, Bishop of Tasmania; his Worship the Mayor of 
Hobart and Mrs..G. Hiddlestone; the hon. Wm. Hart, M.L.C., President 
Tasmanian Exhibition Committee, and Mrs. Hart ; and his Worship 
the Mayor of Launceston, Mr. S. J. Sutton, M.H.A., Executive Com- 
missioner, and Mrs. Sutton. 

Upon ascending the dais Mr. Joubert presented Lady Hamilton with a 
tastefully arranged bouquet of waratah and mountain berries, which was 
graciously accepted. 

At the side of the dais, on the floor, seats had been reserved for the 
executive commissioners and official agents of various countries and 
colonies. The principal officers of the Tasmanian Defence Force 
present, in addition to those already mentioned, were Major W. Martin, 
Captain R. J. Sadler, and Captain F. J. Read, Launceston Rifles; 
Major A. Reid, Captain G. Richardson, and Adjutant C. L. Cutmear, 
Tasmanian Rifle Regiment ; Captain R. Henry and Lieutenant H. E, 
Packer, Torpedo Corps ; Colonel R. C. D. Home, Lieutenant-Colonel 
A. Harrap, and Major J. H. Room, unattached. Colonel Crawford, 
late Madras Staff Corps, was also present. 

The National Anthem was then sung by the choir with good effect 
and precision, the solo parts being taken by Miss Plaice and Miss Cox. 

The Executive Commissioner (S. J. Sutton, Esq., M.H.A.) then 
read the following prayer : 

" Almighty God, accept, we beseech Thee, this our offering of praise 
and thanksgiving, especially now at this time, when we are about to 
display the fruits of our handiwork, here brought together ; subdue in 
us all unworthy pride and self-seeking, and teach us to labour and use 

1 that comes to our hand, that we may ever be found working out the 
purposes of Thy Holy Will, to the fuller manifestation of Thy glory 
and the great happiness of mankind. O Heavenly Father, who hast 

it together all Thy creation in a wonderful order, and hast made all 
mankind of one blood to dwell together in unity, replenishing the earth 

d subduing it, pour down upon us of Thy mercy such grace as may 
Iraw us to Thyself, and in Thee to each other in the bonds of love and 

ice. With these our praises and prayer we offer and present to Thee 

J fruits of our labours, beseeching Thee to accept them, and bless 
them to the use of mankind, through Jesus Christ our Lord, who 
with Ihee and the Holy Spirit liveth and reigneth ever one God, world 
without end. Amen." 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 27 

The " Old Hundredth " was then sung by the choir, the general 
public not taking advantage of the announcement in the published 
programme that they were expected to join in. 

The Executive Commissioner read and presented the following address, 
which had been illuminated by Mr. Long, and suitably framed, to his 
Excellency the Governor : 
To Sir Robert George Crookshank Hamilton, K.C.B., Governor and 

Commander-in-Chief of Tasmania. 
Your Excellency, 

We, the Commissioners for the Tasmanian Exhibition of 
1891-92, desire to accord to you our heartiest welcome, and 
to convey to you as the representative of her Most Gracious 
Majesty the Queen the expression of our devoted loyalty 
to her Majesty's crown and person. A few years ago some of 
the leading citizens of Launceston met for the purpose of devising the 
best means of holding in this city an Exhibition where the products of 
Tasmania could be brought prominently before the public; but owing to a 
series of unforeseen obstacles, the project lay dormant, and eventually was 
almost abandoned during the labour crisis which prevailed throughout 
this and the adjoining colonies. As soon, however, as this crisis ended, 
the principal movers in this Exhibition met once more, and in view of 
the great development of the mining industry which has of late taken 
place in Tasmania, it was proposed to re-organise the undertaking, and 
abandon the idea of making it merely a juvenile exhibition, and in the 
early part of the current year schedules and programmes were printed 
and circulated throughout the world to the effect that a Tasmanian 
International Exhibition would be held in the City Park, Launceston, 
in November, 1891. The City Corporation, with a view to help the 
Commissioners, caused the construction of the Albert Hall to be pushed 
forward vigorously, and made such amendments in the original as would 
prove of use to the undertaking in hand. Plans and specifications were 
prepared and tenders called for the erection of annexes, at 
the rear of the hall. In view of the national character the 
Exhibition assumed, the Government granted a sum of money 
towards the construction of these annexes, provided a sum of 
^"1500 was granted by the citizens of Launceston. The appeal made 
to the self-reliance and patriotism of the people met with a spontaneous 
and warm response. The same feeling has prompted the exhibitors 
from almost every district in this island to forward specimens of their 
industries. But we cannot refrain from expressing our special gratitude 
to the exhibitors from Europe, as well as the Governments and exhibitors 
from the neighbouring colonies, who have so liberally and largely, sup- 
ported our efforts to make this Exhibition the great success it undeniably 
now is. The area of the City Park, upon which the Tasmanian 
Exhibition stands, is upwards of 12 acres, the covered space being about 
one-fourth of that total. The countries therein represented officially are 
New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, New Zealand, and Queens- 
land, besides which a large number of valuable exhibits have been 
contributed by the mother country, the United States of America, France, 
Germany, Italy, Belgium, and Japan. In the fine arts section England, 
Austria, and Italy are also large contributors, thanks principally to the 
indefatigable assistance rendered by the Agent-General, Sir Edward 
Braddon, K.C.M.G., and the influential committee appointed by him in 



2 8 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

London We have the honour to present with this address a copy of 
the official catalogue of the Exhibition for your Excellency's acceptance, 
and trust that the results of the undertaking will prove that the confidence 
reposed in us by your Excellency and your constitutional advisers, as 
well as by the public at large, in entrusting the credit of the colony to 
a body of private individuals, has not been misplaced. It now remains 
for me, in the name of my fellow Commissioners, to request that your 
Excellency will be pleased to declare the Tasmanian Exhibition of 
1891-92 open in the name of her Most Gracious Majesty, Queen 
Victoria, whom God preserve. 

His Excellency, who was received with loud and prolonged cheering, 
replied as follows. Mr. President, vice-presidents, and gentlemen, It 
will be my pleasing duty to convey to her Majesty the Queen through 
the Secretary of State the assurance of your devoted loyalty to her 
Majesty's crown and person. I thank you for the welcome your address 
accords to myself, and I assure you of the pleasure it gives me to take 
part as her Majesty's representative in the interesting proceedings of to- 
day. You refer to delay which has taken place since the idea of 
holding an Exhibition in Launceston was first entertained, but I do not 
think that this delay is to be regretted, inasmuch as the Exhibition now 
is on a much more extended scale than would have been the case had 
the original design been carried out. In fact it is now a national 
Exhibition, largely subsidised by the Government of the country instead 
of being merely a local Exhibition, as was first intended. (Applause). 
You are to be congratulated on the assistance rendered by the City 
Corporation in pressing forward the completion of this great hall and in 
amending its original design to meet your requirements. The citizens 
of Launceston appear to have worked like one man in this undertaking, 
and have evinced much self-reliance and patriotism, and it must be 
particularly satisfactory to you, who represent them in this matter, that 
you have been able to get together so large and valuable a collection of 
exhibits, not only from Tasmania itself, not only from the other Aus- 
tralian colonies, but also from the mother countries as well. It is not 
necessary that I should enlarge upon the advantages attending exhibitions 
of this sort, for it is now universally admitted that their tendency is to 
advance culture and to improve industrial appliances, while, by increasing 
and disseminating a knowledge of the resources and productions of 
different countries, the interchange between them of such productions is 
undoubtedly promoted and stimulated. (Applause). I now declare 
open the Tasmanian Exhibition, 1891-92. (Loud and prolonged 
cheers.) 

" Rule Britannia " was played as an air by the orchestra, and was then 
sung by the choir, Mrs. and Mr. Upton and Miss Cox taking the verse. 

Mr. A. Day, official agent for Great Britain, was presented to his 
Excellency Sir Robert Hamilton by the Executive Commissioner. 

M. Victor Laurelle, official agent for France, was presented in a 
similar manner, the orchestra playing the " Marseillaise." 

MM. A. Bossomaier and O. Moser, official agents for Austria and 
Germany, were presented, the orchestra playing the " Austrian Hymn." 

The following colonial representatives were then presented in the 
order named : W. H. Vivian, Esq., Executive Commissioner for New 
South Wales; Mr. D. Fergus Scott, official agent for Victoria; 
Mr. H. J. Scott, official agent for South Australia and 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 29 

Western Australia ; Mr. F. N. Meadows, official agent for New 
Zealand ; and Mr. A. Morton, secretary to the Hobart committee, who 
has worked zealously for the success of the Exhibition, and whose 
appearance on the dais was greeted with a spontaneous burst of 
applause. 

The " Hallelujah Chorus " was then rendered by the choir in a manner 
that reflected credit upon the members and their conductor, Mr. Alex. 
Wallace, as well as the musical director, Mr. E. H. Sutton, jun. 

His Worship the Mayor called for three cheers for the Queen, which 
were heartily given, and a similar request by Mr. Joubert for the Governor 
of Tasmania was warmly responded to. 

Mr. Joubert then said : Ladies and gentlemen, As you are aware, we 
have the honour on this occasion of entertaining his Excellency the 
Governor of Victoria, and I am sure I need not call on you to give him 
three hearty cheers. 

The warmth of the response to this hint showed that the citizens of 
Launceston feel grateful and flattered at the presence of Lord Hopetoun 
upon such an occasion. 

The vice-regal party then left the dais and proceeding into the front 
wing were subsequently escorted round the exhibition, spending the best 
part of an hour in inspecting the various courts, the fernery coming in 
for special commendation, and its designer, Mr. W. M'Gowan, must feel 
gratified at the praise it received from all visitors. 



THE LUNCHEON. 

At the invitation of his Worship the Mayor (Mr. S. J. Sutton, 
M.H.A.), about 240 gentlemen assembled in the Mechanics' 
Institute at the conclusion of the opening ceremony. The 
large hall had been decorated very tastefully for the occasion, 
a festoon of leaves having been hung across the platform, between 
which and the floor of the hall was a mass of ferns and pot plants, 
which produced a very pretty effect. On the platform were the 
Executive Commissioner, Mayor S. J. Sutton (in the chair), having on 
his right his Excellency Sir Robert G. C. Hamilton, K.C.M.G., 
Governor of Tasmania ; his Lordship Bishop Montgomery ; the hon. W. 
Moore, President of the Legislative Council ; hon. B. S. Bird, Treasurer ; 
Mr. Peter Barrett, M.H.A. ; Lieutenant-Colonel Warner, Commandant 
Tasmanian Defence Forces; Mr. H. Button, member of general com- 
mittee ; Mr. W. H. Vivian, Executive Commissioner for N.S.W. ; Mr. H. 
W. B. Robinson, private secretary to his Excellency the Governor; 
Colonel Legge, Alderman George Hiddlestone (Mayor of Hobart), Mr. 
Alexander Webster, treasurer executive commissioners, and Alderman 
David Scott. The chairman was supported on his left by his Excellency 
the Right Honourable the Earl of Hopetoun ; the hon. P. O. Fysh, 
Premier ; hon. A. T. Pillinger, Minister of Lands ; hon. W. Dodery, 
M.L.C.; Captain Bickford, H.M.S. Kaloomba; Mr. Jules Joubert, 
general manager of the Exhibition ; Mr. M. E. Robinson, Alderman B. 
P. Farrelly, Captain Willoughby, Aide-de-camp of Lord Hopetoun ; Mr. 
Jas. Brickhill, Colonel Home, and Mr. H. Dobson, M.H.A. The hons. 



30 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Nicholas T. Brown, Speaker of the House of Assembly, and Thomas 
Reibey, ex-Speaker, who were expected to be present, and were 
announced to speak, were unable to attend, owing to indisposition. 
The guests having taken their seats at the tables, the National Anthem 
was sung, all standing, Mr. Alexander Wallace (piano) playing the 
accompaniments, assisted by Mr. Andrew Wallace (cornet) and Mr. 
Youngman (violin). Grace having been sung, the company sat down 
to a well-provided luncheon; after which 

The Chairman who, on rising, was received with loud and prolonged 
cheering proposed the toast of her Majesty the Queen, which was 
enthusiastically responded to. The company sang the National Anthem. 

The Chairman then gave the toast " Their Royal Highnesses the 
Prince and Princess of Wales, and other members of the Royal 
Family," which was also loyally received. 

Song" God bless the Prince of Wales." 

The Chairman, in proposing the health of the Governor, said he had 
no doubt that it would be received with enthusiasm. (Cheers.) They 
were all pleased to have the representative of her Majesty with them. 
He had performed the duty of opening the Exhibition, and had carried 
it out well. (Cheers.) 

The toast was drunk with enthusiasm. 

Song "The fine Old English Gentleman." 

His Excellency Sir Robert Hamilton, on rising to respond, was 
received with loud and continued cheering. He said : Your Excellency, 
Mr. Mayor, and gentlemen, Before I respond to this toast I should 
just like to read you a telegram which I have received within the last 
few minutes. I wrote to his Excellency the Admiral of the Station, 
Lord Charles Scott, asking him if he could manage to be present at the 
opening of this Exhibition. (Cheers.) I did so because I knew his 
kindly genial presence is always acceptable in Australia (cheers), but, 
unfortunately, H.M.S. Orlando is laid up just now for the purpose of re- 
fitting, and he has sent me this telegram in reply : " Regret extremely 
unable to attend opening ceremony. Wish every success to the Tas- 
manian Exhibition." (Cheers.) I thank you very much for the hearty 
reception which you have given to the toast of my health as her 
Majesty's representative in Tasmania. You, the Commissioners of this 
Exhibition, are to be very much congratulated on the result of your 
labours so far. (Cheers.) The opening ceremony went off excellently. 
I was delighted with the procession, which had an earnest and business 
looking appearance, which I have never seen anywhere surpassed. It is 
perfectly evident that the hearts of the people have gone out towards 
this Exhibition, which has been so auspiciously started, and I 
think we may confidently hope that it will prove a great success. 
I have not yet had the opportunity of doing more than very cursorily in- 
specting the exhibits, but they certainly appear to be very satisfactory. 
It is only by the co-operation of a large number of public bodies and of 
private individuals that an undertaking of this sort can fulfil its objects, 
and this co-operation has been heartily given. But there always must 
be some energetic and moving spirits to set this co-operation in motion. 
When all connected with this Exhibition have worked so well, it is diffi- 
cult to single out names for special commendation, but I feel sure that I 
am doing no more than simple justice in calling special attention to the 
very active part taken by you, Mr. Mayor, in this country, and to the 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 31 

valuable services rendered by our Agent-General, Sir Edward Braddon, 
at home. (Cheers.) You are fortunate also in your officers, and 
particularly in having secured the services of so experienced a man as 
Mr. Joubert for your general manager. As I read the excellent leaders 
in the two Launceston papers to-day, I felt in a state of mind similar to 
that of the man who is reported to have said, " Confound those fellows 
who have written books, for they have stolen all my best ideas." 
(Laughter and applause.) Exhibitions have become established as im- 
portant features of the age of progress in which we live, and there is not 
much scope for originality in describing their objects and uses. Still, 
the surroundings of any individual exhibition are more or less special to 
itself, and I should like to say a few words as regards the benefits which 
we hope will accrue to Tasmania from this Exhibition. In the first place, 
we hope that we shall profit by the greater knowledge of the arts, the 
industrial appliances, and the products of other countries, which a care- 
ful inspection and study of their exhibits will afford. But we want also 
to make our own resources known. Tasmania does not advertise herself 
enough. (Hear, hear.) This Exhibition will do much in this direction. 
It will attract a large number of visitors to our shores, who will see with 
their own eyes what a favoured land ours is. They will see that our 
climate and scenery are unsurpassed in the Southern Hemisphere, and 
that our resources, particularly our mineral resources, are of boundless 
extent. They will see that our fruit industry, which is only at the begin- 
ning of its development, has infinite possibilities, and they have only to 
examine the handsome timber trophy exhibited by the trustees of the 
Tasmanian Museum, and the six pianos made of Tasmanian wood 
exhibited by the well-known firm of Collard and Collard, to satisfy them- 
selves that we have some of the finest timber in the world, suitable for 
every kind of object. (Cheers.) We should take a leaf out of the book 
of New South Wales, which always, as she has done on this occasion, 
makes a great display at all exhibitions of her mineral and other staple 
products, and out of that of New Zealand, which advertises her 
picturesque and beautiful scenery all over the world. I hope that we 
shall not rest content with what we are doing now, but that Tasmania 
will also be worthily represented at the great World's Fair to be held 
next year in Chicago. Depend upon it the possibilities of exchange of 
commodities between Australia and America are very great indeed. 
(Cheers.) I have referred to our mineral resources, and having regard 
to the great interest that is being taken in these all throughout Australia, 
I cannot help thinking that there should have been a greater display in 
this Exhibition of our minerals. It is important that quantity as well as 
quality should be shown. We are a mining people, and it might have 
been expected that a very large number of specimens would have been 
exhibited to show the resources of the country in this direction. (Hear, 
hear.) In the matter of exhibits of agricultural machinery we evidently 
have a very fine show, and I need not point out to you how important it 
is that we should use the best appliances that skill can contrive in all 
industrial operations, in these days when science goes hand in hand with 
practice in the pursuit of industrial wealth. We are living in an age when 
to stand still is relatively to recede. It becomes therefore of the utmost 
importance that the young and rising generation should be instructed in 
those sciences and arts which lie at the basis of all industries ; and it is 
encouraging to see that the work done by our Technical Schools, which 



32 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

is exhibited side by side with work sent out by the South Kensington 
authorities, makes a fair show. A new country like ours cannot expect 
to take a prominent place in matters of art, but we are favoured by 
having among our exhibits some fine pictures by the Tasmanian artist, 
Mr. W. C. Piguenit, who is acknowledged to be one of the leading, if not 
the leading, Australian landscape painter. In replying to the address 
presented to me to-day I referred to the three great objects sought to be 
attained by exhibitions of this sort, viz., an increase of culture, an im- 
provement in the industrial appliances used, and an increase in the inter- 
change of commodities. These are the main results to be hoped for, and 
surely they are in themselves most desirable. But at a social gathering 
of this sort I may refer to another benefit which is sure to arise from the 
congregating together of large numbers of people from all parts of the 
world interested in such matters. Old friendships are renewed and 
cemented, new friendships are formed, and social intercourse is promoted. 
(Cheers.) When we think of the extent to which social intercourse con- 
tributes to our happiness, and how large a part it really plays in our lives, 
I think you will agree with me that, especially on the present occasion 
when we are enjoying the hospitality so kindly afforded by Mr. Sutton, I 
am not doing wrong in assigning to the promotion of social intercourse a 
prominent place among the advantages to be hoped for from this 
Exhibition. I will not detain you longer. It gives Lady Hamilton and 
myself great pleasure to be living among you at this interesting time. 
We heartily appreciate your kindness in placing the excellent house at 
our disposal in Launceston which we are now occupying, and I can 
assure you that it gives us much pleasure to have this opportunity 
afforded to us of improving our acquaintance with the residents here, 
and with this beautiful and interesting part of the country. I am not 
going to anticipate what may be said in connection with the next toast, 
but before I sit down I must express, on my own part, the extreme satis- 
faction I feel in the presence here to-day of his Excellency Lord Hope- 
toun, who, as the representative of her Majesty in the great colony of 
Victoria, has done us the honour of being present on the occasion of the 
opening of this Exhibition. (Cheers.) 

Hon. H. I. Rooke, M.L.C., in proposing the toast of his Excellency 
the Governor of Victoria, said he could assure them that he esteemed it 
a great privilege to have the honour of proposing one of the most popular 
toasts on the list. He felt confident that he was expressing the feelings 
of the people of Tasmania when he said that they greatly appreciated 
the presence of Lord Hopetoun. All the other colonies had responded 
nobly in the matter of sending exhibits, but the people of Tasmania 
could not forget that the colony of Victoria was their nearest neighbour 
(cheers) ; and though slight difficulties had occurred between the two 
colonies, and Australian federation might not be accomplished for a 
year or two, the presence of Lord Hopetoun might certainly have the 
ettect of establishing closer relations between Victoria and Tasmania 
They were all aware that his Lordship was one of the most popular 
Governors they had ever had in Victoria, and though the people of 
Tasmania were perfectly satisfied with the governorship of Tasmania 
and would not care for a change, it was to be hoped, now that Lord 
tiopetoun had found his way to Tasmania, it would not be the last 
occasion on which he would visit the colony, and that his visit would 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 33 

have the effect of bringing about a feeling of genuine friendliness and 
sympathy between the two colonies. (Cheers.) 
The toast was drunk with much cordiality. 

Lord Hopetoun, on rising to respond, was received with a perfect 
ovation. He said : Your Excellency, Mr. Mayor, and gentlemen, I rise 
to offer my very sincere thanks to the honourable Mr. Rooke for the 
exceedingly kind manner in which he has proposed the toast of my 
health, and I thank you, gentlemen, very heartily for the cordial way in 
which you have received that toast. I have been sufficiently long in 
these colonies to know that Australian hospitality is not confined to any 
geographical limits, and I am aware, gentlemen, that any individual 
representative of her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen is always 
assured of a warm reception wherever he goes, be it in his own colony 
or one of the neighbouring ones. (Cheers.) I feel that I have been 
very remiss during the last two years in not having visited Tasmania. I 
would like to explain to you how that is, and I tell you this in the 
strictest confidence : the colony of Victoria takes a great deal of govern- 
ing (laughter, and cheers), and it is very often exceedingly difficult for 
me to get away. I should like to explain to you how it is that I have 
been able to snatch a few days to come over to see you on this 
auspicious occasion. I received an exceedingly kind and pressing in- 
vitation to come over from his Excellency Sir Robert Hamilton. The 
private individual within me rejoined and said, " Here's a chance for a 
nice little holiday," but the stern unbending official conscience said, 
" How can you go when you have so many engagements to meet in 
Victoria ?" (Laughter and cheers.) I was torn between pleasure and 
duty, and in my perplexity I thought perhaps that the Premier of 
Victoria, Mr. Munro, might help me. So I went to him with Sir Robert 
Hamilton's letter in my hand and showed it to him, and asked, " What 
shall I do ?" He replied, " This is capital : neither I nor my colleagues 
can get away just now." I must tell you by the way there was a crisis on 
just then. (Laughter and cheers.) It is all right now, gentlemen, for 
they have promised me that they will behave very well while I am away. 
*' Neither I nor my colleagues,'' said Mr. Munro, " can go over, and you 
are the very man to go over and represent the colony of Victoria 
officially ; you must go." Being backed up by my chief adviser, I need 
hardly say that my conscience my official conscience was satisfied. 
Here I am, gentlemen, the sole representative of the great colony of 
Victoria, and specially charged by my advisers to convey to you a hearty 
greeting, and charged by the people of Victoria to convey to you their 
sincere good wishes for the success of your Exhibition. Allow me to 
add my own warm congratulations and best wishes upon this most 
important occasion. Two years ago, when Lady Hopetoun had the 
pleasure of visiting Tasmania, she came back full of the 
beauties of the colony, and much impressed with the hospitality 
and kindness of the Tasmanian people. Now, I do not 
propose to restrict my few days' visit merely to Launceston. 
(Cheers.) I long to see a great deal more of your beautiful 
colony, and I hope to become better acquainted with its warm- 
hearted people, and by the kindness of Sir Robert Hamilton, I shall 
have every opportunity of doing so during the next few days, and I can 
safely prophesy that the memory of my stay here will be among the 

D 



34 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

pleasantest recollections of my life. (Cheers.) I am told by Sir Robert 
Hamilton that long speeches are not the fashion in Tasmania, and really 
I am delighted to hear this, because it is one of the " crumplings in the 
rose leaf"of my life in Victoria that 1 am always expected to turn on the 
tap on every possible occasion. (Laughter and cheers.) But <( When 
you are in Rome you must do as Rome does," and being in Tasmania I 
will conclude my speech by thanking you on my own behalf for the 
kindness which you have shown towards me to-day as an individual, and 
on behalf of the people of Victoria for the good feeling you have 
exhibited and the enthusiastic reception you have accorded to their 
Governor. (Loud cheers ; the company rising to their feet and singing 
" For he's a jolly good fellow.") 

Mr. H. Dobson, M.H.A., in proposing the toast of " The Army, Navy, 
and Volunteers," said it was one which was always received with accla- 
mation wherever Englishmen were assembled together. It must be a 
source of satisfaction that they were welcoming amongst them to-day 
the officers of a branch of her Majesty's navy, and they should feel 
grateful to the mother country that the shores of Australia were so 
efficiently defended. But they should remember that it was not English- 
men alone who could stand fire. Carlyle when he borrowed from a 
library a copy of an old work containing an old version of " Rule 
Britannia" had the impertinence to write under that song " Cock-a- 
doodle-doo !" Carlyle had one of the characteristics of politicans in using 
strong language, and his comment was a little unjust and unfair. But 
there were victories which our army and navy had gained, of which they 
had good reason to be proud such as the defence of Rorke's Drift, the 
Charge of Balaclava, and the repair of the steamer within 500 yards of 
Khartoum under a heavy fire from the enemy's guns. The men who 
performed those heroic deeds were those of whom the volunteer forces 
had reason to feel proud. It might sound incongruous to talk of war on 
a peaceful occasion such as the present, but he believed he expressed 
the wishes of the people of Tasmania when he hoped that the colony 
would be represented at the Great World's Fair in Chicago, of which 
Colonel Campbell was the accredited agent. But if Tasmania desired to 
possess efficient defences, the Government should see that the guns 
were all of one pattern that there should be a dock and coaling station 
at Hobart, and coaling stations on the south and western shores of 
Australia. If any attempt were made to introduce socialism into 
Tasmania, or to separate Australia from the mother land, the duty of 
every loyal colonist would be to support the maintenance of the 
Imperial connection. In conclusion, the speaker expressed a hope that 
the federation of the Australasian colonies would shortly be an 
accomplished fact. 

Captain Bickford said, in returning thanks on behalf of the senior 
branch of the service which he had the honour of representing H.M.'s 
navy he regretted in the first place that more of her Majesty's ships were 
not present, so that many more representatives might have taken part in 
the very interesting event of the day, the more so as their Admiral whose 
telegram had just been read, and under whom he had the very great 
honour and privilege (at the same time, he nvght add, the very great 
pleasure) to serve was not there. They had received the toast of her 
Majesty's navy in the way he expected they wou'd receive it, and, if he 
might be allowed to say so, it would be an evil time f<-r England when 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 35 

her sons would not receive it in the same way. (Cheers.) On that navy, 
as they knew, the safety, honour, and welfare of the nation depended. 
Take away her navy and what would become of England ? From her 
proud position of mistress of the seas she would sink into the position of 
a third or fourth class power. Therefore, he said it was the duty of every 
true Englishman to not only receive the toast as they had received it on 
that day, but also to do all they could to make their safeguard as 
efficient us possible. (Cheers.) He referred to the improvements that 
were being effected in the navy, and said that at the end of another 
twelve months further progress would be made, and a few years hence 
there would be a powerful addition, very much more so than had taken 
place during the last thirty years. (Cheers.) They would then have a 
powerful fleet, and no other nation in the world would be able to 
compare with the English nation. (Cheers). They would also have a 
very large number of cruisers, which were for the protection of their 
commerce and to act as scouts for the protection of the nation. He 
thought that they might regard it as a certainty that in 1892 the navy of 
England, in respect to material, would leave very little, if anything, to 
be desired. (Cheers.) As regarded personal element, of course it was 
difficult for him to speak. Neither in officers nor men was H.M.'s navy 
sufficiently strong. He would not, however, enter into a disquisition on 
the state of the navy, but he thought it was the duty of every naval officer, 
when addressing a number of intelligent Englishmen, such as he had 
the pleasure to address on that occasion, to point out the weak spots in 
their navy. He would take their personality as they had it, then, and 
speak of the rank and file. He would not speak of the officers; he was 
going to say he would leave them to speak for themselves, but as a rule 
an officer would not get up and talk about what he would do. He held 
that they should be judged, as their forefathers were judged, by their 
deeds. But as regards the British blue-jackets, he could speak from an 
experience as an officer of thirty-three years, and was entitled to express 
an opinion. They had seen a detatchment from H.M.S. Katoomba that 
day, and they could judge of their physique and general appearance. He 
could assure them that it was his honest opinion that these men, as 
regarded their morality, education, and conduct, were far superior to 
those whom they had in the service before. (Cheers.) As for that 
important factor, British pluck, they had not had many opportunities in 
the immediate past for displaying their courage, but when the 
opportunities had taken place they certainly had not been backward in 
coming forward, and had shown themselves to be worthy descendants of 
their heroic forefathers. He could only hope that that state of things 
would continue in the future, and that the traditions of that glorious 
service to which he had the honour and privilege to belong would be 
maintained without tarnish, and that when the future history of the navy 
came to be written the British sailor of the present would be found to 
have done his duty. (Cheers.) 

Lieutenant-Colonel Warner, in responding on behalf of the army 
and the volunteers, said, as regarded the former, its deeds were so well 
known that it was only necessary to refer to the volunteers, and more 
especially to the Defence Force of Tasmania. Mr. Dobson had referred 
to the various types of guns now in use in the colony, but Tasmania was 
not a rich country, and was therefore obliged to procure guns as they 
came out, and was unable to obtain enough to entirely replace the old 
r> 2 



36 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

ones. That was the reason that the colony now possessed so many 
old types of artillery. If the colony of Tasmania could afford to arm 
her forces with new guns, he (Colonel Warner) would for one be very 
glad ; but there was one matter of greater importance, and that was to 
get a' sufficient number of men to man the guns. At present the defence 
forces of Tasmania were not as liberally supported as the forces in the 
neighbouring colonies, and the men did not get enough of daylight 
training, except at the camps. They were expected to learn everything 
at night drills, and only received pay for four days in the year. In New 
South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia the forces were paid for a 
large number of daylight drills. There was ample material of excellent 
physique in this colony, particularly in the country districts, where there 
were 1 500 men all well equipped and armed, and he felt confident that 
if occasion arose, and they were put to the test, they would equal the 
deeds of armies in other parts of the world. (Cheers.) 

Mr. Henry Button proposed the toast "The Government and 
Parliament of Tasmania." He said he was placed in a very awkward 
position after the remarks which had fallen from Lieutenant-Colonel 
Warner regarding the inadequate support which the Government had 
given to the Tasmanian defences. He was confident, however, that if 
Parliament provided the means the volunteers would be a credit to the 
colony, though there would be many demands on the finances when 
Parliament again met. The representative system of government had 
been in force for many years in Tasmania, but, on the whole, Tasmania 
had reason to be proud of her Parliament, which, after all, was what the 
people made it. The present Government had taken office at a time of 
financial embarrassment, but they had applied themselves to bringing 
about an improvement, and it was for the electors to say whether they 
had succeeded. He thought that on the whole they must give the 
Government credit for disinterestedness, and a desire to advance the 
welfare of the colony. They must remember that Parliament was what 
the people made it, and that as the Ministry was formed from the ranks 
of members of Parliament, if they traced back to the origin of things, 
they must admit that the Government was also what the people made it. 
Tasmania was now in the best position of any of the colonies, but he 
deprecated the practice of attributing improper motives whenever any 
hitch occurred in public affairs. 

The Premier, in responding on behalf of the Government, alluded to 
the true ring of honest hearty loyalty which he thought existed in the 
hearts of Tasmanians, spite of what was said by those who came 
amongst them and wrote books ; and to the great privileges and 
blessings which they enjoyed, and which they could hand down to 
posterity. 

The hon. W. Moore, President of the Legislative Council, expressed 
pleasure at the manner in which the Exhibition had been carried out. 

The hon. A. T. Pillinger, Minister of Lands, also responded, and 
apologised for the unavoidable absence of the hon. N. J. Brown, 
Speaker of the House of Assembly, through illness. He (Mr. Pillinger) 
had been struck with the progress made by the colony during the past 
two years. 

Mr. P. Barrett, M.H.A., proposed the toast of "The British and 
Foreign Representatives," and referred to the liberal manner in which 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 37 

Great Britain, the neighbouring colonies, and foreign countries, had 
supported the Exhibition. He also eulogised the energy displayed by 
Sir E. Braddon. 

Mr. Arthur Day, in responding to the toast, referred to the kindness and 
courtesy which he had received as the representative of the mother 
country, which he thought should have precedence. He also spoke 
in high terms of the exertions of the Mayor, and predicted a brilliant 
success for the Exhibition. 

Mr. W. Hussey Vivian also responded on behalf of New South Wales, 
and said he felt in the position of a parent celebrating the coming of 
age of her youngest son. He referred to the opening of the Exhibition 
as a marvellous and magnificent spectacle, and eulogised the enthusiastic 
loyalty which had characterised the proceedings. He might mention, as 
showing the deep interest New South Wales felt in the Exhibition, that 
he was the only representative present besides the Mayor of Launceston 
who held the position of executive commissioner under the great seal of 
the colony. In a few minutes after the close of the proceedings he 
would telegraph to his Government, intimating that the Exhibition had 
been a splendid success. 

Mr. D. F. Scott (official agent for Victoria) spoke of Tasmania as 
the worthy old mother of Victoria, who had colonised it. 

Mr. H. J. Scott acknowledged the toast on behalf of South Australia. 

Mr. M. E. Robinson gave " Our Visitors," which was responded to by 
Mr. Campbell. 

The hon. B. S. Bird proposed "The Mayor and Aldermen of 
Launceston," and in a felicitous speech expressed the opinion that they 
should be regarded as a model Corporation; speaking in eulogistic terms 
of the way in which they conducted business and the improvements 
effected under their administration. 

The Mayor returned thanks on behalf of the Council, and alluded to 
the past history of the Exhibition, expressing the gratification which he 
in common with his fellow commissioners experienced at the success 
which he felt sure would accrue from their endeavours. 

The following were the remaining toasts : " The Ladies," by Alder- 
man B. P. Farrelly, responded to by the City Clerk, Mr. C. W. Rocher ; 
"The Press," proposed by the hon. A. T. Pillinger, responded to by Mr. 
Jas. Brickhill ; " Success to the Tasmanian Exhibition," proposed by 
hon. P. O. Fysh, responded to by the Executive Commissioner (Mayor 
Sutton) and the general manager, Mr. Jules Joubert. 

The company sang "AuldLang Syne," after which the proceedings 
terminated. 



THE EVENING'S PROCEEDINGS. 

In the evening the interior of the Exhibition Buildings was seen to 
marked advantage, the display by gas and electric light being brilliant. 
The attendance was very large, an almost constant flow of visitors 
passing the turnstiles from the opening hour until nine o'clock. The 
fernery, into which portion of the building the visitor first enters, 



38 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

constitutes a most charming feature of the Exhibition, the atmosphere 
inside proving delightfully cool, while the giant ferns lend their aid in 
imparting a thoroughly sylvan air to the whole surroundings. Upon 
entering the portion of the building devoted to the many and various 
exhibits, the scene was striking in the extreme, the contents, generally 
speaking, showing to advantage. The passages were crowded by 
admiring throngs of sightseers, and loud praises of the Exhibition were 
to be heard upon all sides. 




TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 39 



INAUGURAL CANTATA. 



The Inaugural Cantata for the Tasmanian International Exhibition, 
composed by Mr. John Plummer, of Sydney, is as follows : 

OPENING CHORUS. 
Of Tasman's Isle the children, we 

Step forth this day to take our stand 
With those earth's truly great and free 

Who seek to crown each smiling land 
With laurels gained in braver strife 

Than that in which the sword hath part ; 
The fruitage of a people's life. 

Of willing hand and earnest heart, 
Of patient skill, heroic deed, 

Of thought unbound by error's thrall, 
Of quenchless faith in Nature's creed 

"T is toil that e'er ennobleth all." 

RECITATIVE. 
But yesterday we had no place 

On history's board and varied page ; 
But yesterday a savage race 

Dominion owned where now we wage 
The arts that from a grateful soil 

Abundance bring, or proudly rear 
The shrines wherein the priests of toil 

Hold worship through the changing year ; 
The arts unknown to people rude 

Yet can the poorest nation bless, 
And make the wildest solitude 

A world of light and loveliness. 
Three hundred years ! how short the span ! 

A drop in time's eternal sea ! 
Yet scarce three hundred years have ran 

Their silent course, no more to be, 
Since he, the bold explorer, came 

The future's sturdy pioneer 
A new Columbus, borne to fame, 

To bring two worlds to each more near, 
Like wandering knight, in fable old, 

Impelled by love's consuming drouth, 
He found, enrobed in green and gold, 

The sleeping beauty of the south. 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 
QUARTET OR TKIO. 

A land of sunny warmths and flowers 

Than poet's dream more fair and bright, 
Where gaily dance the laughing hours, 

Enwreathed with garlands of delight ; 
Where stately hills and spangled plains 

Are kissed by soft and cooling breeze, 
And silvery streams breathe glad refrains, 

Beneath the broad o'er-reaching trees ; 
A land encircled by a zone 

Of purple seas and golden skies, 
Where freedom finds a stainless throne 

And freedom's sons a paradise. 

SOLO (SOPRANO). 

But oft the brightest eyes are those 

That weep the saddest tears of pain ; 
And oft the heart that warmest glows 

Is chilled by sorrow's icy rain. 
And so with us : not always bright 

Hath been our ceaseless onward way, 
But hope hath borne us through the night, 

Into the realms of cheery day, 
Till with the cross we gained the crown 

That none but freedom's sons may wear, 
And sternly cast our burden down 

In God our trust, to God our prayer. 

QUARTET AND CHORUS. 

Then stouter grew the arms that bore, 

With brawny strength, the axe and spade 
Through regions strange, where mountains hoar 

Rose high o'er wood and ferny glade. 
To where the pastures, spreading wide, 

In silence yearned for sheep and kine ; 
To where the upland's sloping side 

Concealed the wealth-producing mine ; 
And soon was heard the stockman's cheer, 

The shearer's song, the anvil's clang, 
Where oft was hurled the cruel spear, 

Or snake-like hissed the boomerang. 

SOLO (TENOR OR BASS). 

As tender shoot from acorn small 

In time becomes the lordly tree, 
Whose leafy branches shelter all, 

So have we grown, a nation free ; 
A people strong in loving faith, 

Which of the future hath no fear, 
And to its distant kinsman saith 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 41 

" Come, come, for ye are welcome here ; 
No longer sad and weary pine, 

No longer fate and hungered moil, 
But come where hearts with gladness shine, 

And roses strew the paths of toil." 

QUARTET. 

Oh, sturdy toil ! Thy aid divine 

Hath blessed the field, the farm, the fold ; 
Bade fruit the orchards rich entwine, 

And brought us store of wool and gold. 
To thee we owe the storeyed mill, 

The dainty wonders of the loom, 
The workshop where the sculptor's skill 

Bids shapless blocks with beauty bloom ; 
The shelving mine, the iron way 

O'er which the harnessed engine roars, 
The busy mart, the crowded bay 

Where float the flags of distant shores. 

CHORUS. 

No ingrates we. Behold this fane 

To which we votive offerings bring, 
And aid to swell the glory strain 

That heralds toil as lord and king. 
Around are ranged the trophies vast 

Of art and science, brain and hand 
The present, learning from the past, 

Calm building up a future grand ; 
A time when hate and strife shall cease 

To mar the beautiful and good, 
When all mankind shall dwell in peace 

In close unbroken brotherhood. 

GRAND FINALS. 

So shall it be. Though some may sneer 

At truths they cannot comprehend, 
Still onward will we persevere 

Still angel-heights our hearts ascend ; 
Still undeterred by scoff or scorn, 

Prepared to battle for the right, 
We '11 fearless wait the promised dawn, 

Through trouble's dark and gloomy night, 
Till all the world be filled with love, 

By war unstained the grassy sod, 
The ancient curse a blessing prove, 

And man be reconciled to God. 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

A BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF THE 
INTERIOR. 



The public entrance was through the fernery, which, under the 
unremitting supervision and artistic skill of Mr. M'Gowan and his 
assistants, was a veritable fairy scene, the beautiful specimens of 
the Dicksonia, Alsophilus, Amtralis, Tomarias, and other specimens 
from Denison Gorge, the staghorns and elkhorns from Queensland, 
birds' nest ferns from Sydney, Australia. Todea from the Forth, and 
Cyathea Medularis from Stanley, are specially conspicuous. Right in 
the centre, and in the best position which could have been possibly 
selected for it, was the unmatched trophy composed of specimens of the 
native timbers of Tasmania, beautifully polished, and effectively 
arranged, and indicating the capabilities of the indigenous woods 
of the colony for ornamental, industrial, and commercial purposes. 
Emerging from the cool shades of the fernery into the annexes, 
the eye was charmed with a variety of brilliant colours, formed 
by a profusion of flags, ornamental trophies, kiosks, and pavilions, 
amongst which the splendid pyramid of the Mount Bischoff Tin Mining 
Company shone in all its silvery splendour. At the first glance the 
effect was somewhat confusing, the various exhibits being so closely 
grouped that the colours blended into each other. One of the first 
objects on the left of the entrance was Mr. F. Jackson's exhibits, of 
patent locks, and on the right the Launceston Examiner and Tasmanian 
section, which displayed a large variety of samples of the printing trade 
in all its branches. To the right the beautiful stained window 
representing the ''Calling of St. Matthew," made by Messrs. Brooks 
and Robinson, Melbourne, for Christ Church, Launceston, at once 
attracted attention ; and on the same side were the exhibits of Messrs. 
F. and W. Stewart, jewellers, of Charles street, who performed the work 
of stamping the award medals for exhibitors. Adjoining this was the 
section of Mr. Storrer, among whose exhibits were a beautiful sideboard, 
made from the wood of an English oak grown in the City Park ; the first 
article of the kind made from that brave old tree of colonial growth. In 
front of these exhibits were show cases containing specimens of flowers 
cut with the scissors from rice paper, dahlias made from coloured paper, 
and waxen paper flowers, shown by Mrs. D. Room, of Mayfield, and so 
closely resembling nature's handiwork as to at the first glance be 
mistaken for real flowers. Next these were some neat exhibits from the 
Kindergarten School, held by Miss Fletcher, all the work of children ranging 
from four to six years of age. Immediately on the left of the Avenue of 
All Nations were to be found the pretty models and photographs of the 
crack steamers of Messrs. Huddart and Parker's fleet, and on the right 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 43 

the collection of pianos and organs shown by Messrs. Walch Bros, and 
Birchall. Further on the left the fine exhibits of pottery, pipes, and 
tiles from Mr. Campbell's works, the trophies from the Cornwall and the 
Esk Breweries, pyramids of bottles of tomato sauce, Peacock's jams, an 
artistic arrangement of the manufactures of the Tasmanian Soap and 
Candle Factory, and the important section of the Launceston Gas 
Company, with a varied collection of gas stoves, lamps, globes, and 
lighting appliances, commanded attention. Mr. Russen's confectionery 
works, situated in the model bakery close by, were contiguous, 
exhibiting all the latest appliances for producing the delicacies of the 
trade. Behind these, on the right of the entrance to the Albert Hall, the 
model dairy was at work, under Mr. Bartlett, the appliances of which 
were run by a Victory gas machine, which was started by his Excellency 
the Governor. The trophy shown by Messrs. Monds and Son, Carrick 
Roller Mills, also attracted favourable notice. 

In the Tasmanian Court the most conspicuous features were some fine 
specimens of tweeds, etc., from the Waverley Mills, Cornish American 
organs shown by Newton and Son, a case of medicines from the 
establishment of Mr. J. D. Johnston, and a very fine exhibit of electro- 
plate ware exhibited by Messrs. Hart and Sons. The mining exhibits 
next deserve a passing notice. Among these the Balstrup's mine 
showed specimens of ore, and the Sylvester S.M. Company, Mount 
Zeehan, some rich samples. Mr. J. T. Blackman, Invermay, had a very 
interesting and well-arranged show of paints and pigments manufactured 
from Tasmanian products. A pyramid from the Cornwall Coal Mine 
led the way to the magnificent locally built boarding boat of the Marine 
Board, showing to advantage the capabilities of our Tasmanian woods. 
Near this were appropriately placed some specimens of skilfully-made 
mats, and further on mineral exhibits from the Comet (Dundas), Whyte 
River S.M. Company, and Great Republic T.M. Company. Mr. J. 
Barclay exhibited a collection of safes, cooking ranges, baths, etc., and 
further on in the same avenue of the Tasmanian Court were specimens 
shown by the Western S.M. Company, Mount Zeehan Silver-Lead Mining 
Company, Fahl-Ore Company. Heazlewood S.M. Company Limited, and 
rocks and minerals from Mount Claud exhibited by Mr. C. W. J. 
Mansfield. Messrs. Bernacchi and Co., of Maria Island, had a number 
of fine exhibits of patent natural cement, white freestone, specimens of 
silver and gold, kaolin clay, and other products ; and adjacent was the 
fine trophy of the Mount Bischoff Tin Mining Company. Quibell's 
pagoda, with its rich scarlet curtains and gilt poles, was also a prominent 
feature of this part of the annexes. The New South Wales Court made 
a splendid show, being artistically arranged and varied. The mineral 
resources of Broken Hill and other mining districts of the parent colony, 
including some splendid specimens of coal from the mines of the 
Wickham and Bullock Coal Company Limited, formed, of course, a 
prominent feature in this court, and were aptly illustrated by 
photographs. The cycloramaic view of Broken Hill, with a most 
realistic foreground, was one of the pieces de resistance, and attracted a 
large number of visiters. The aviary, filled with birds indigenous to 
New South Wales, the Fallon (Albury) wine exhibits, specimens of 
printing, bookbinding, and endless rolls of paper, from the Sydney 
Morning Herald office, funny sketches from the Bulletin, and an 
jnnumerable variety of other exhibits, combined to render this court one 



44 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



of the best in the building. Messrs. J. C. Ludovici and Sons' exhibits 
of leather belting, oak tanned belting, and other goods of the same kind 
for engineering purposes, were one of the features of this court. A 
pretty entrance from the Avenue of All Nations, an effective arrange- 
ment of ferns, a ceiling in harmony with the general colour, a profusion 
of shields, banners, and flaglets, and a general study of completeness 
and method, showed that the staff under the Executive Commissioner, Mr. 
Vivian, worked with energy and enthusiasm to maintain the credit of the 
pioneer colony. In the next bay the Union Steamship Company of 
New Zealand displayed some fine models of their steamboats, together 
with photographs and water-colour pictures of the places included in the 
extensive routes served by this enterprising company. One of the most 
interesting features of this section was a chart table depicting the routes 
from New Zealand to Australia, Tasmania, Fiji, and other parts of the 
Southern Hemisphere served by this company's magnificent fleet of fifty- 
three steamers, all represented in the exact positions they occupy every 
morning, and giving at a glance a bird's-eye view of the regularity and 
extent of the service. The larger models of the Company's steamers 
included the Mararoa, Waikatipu, and Rotomahana. Continuing pro- 
gress along the Avenue of Nations, were found the Fine Art Galleries, in 
which the British, Australasian, and Tasmanian Courts had many 
admirable exhibits. Outside, the Technical Schools of Hobart and 
Launceston made a fine display of samples of really meritorious work, 
having regard to the short period that they have been established. On 
the left were the South Australian wine rooms, with a very handsomely 
furnished sitting-room, and an assortment of the best viticultural 
products of that colony. Coming to the Victorian Court, which shows 
well, thanks to private enterprise and the admirable arrangements of 
Mr. D. Fergus Scott, the official agent, were well-made exhibits by 
Messrs. Danks and Son, Perry and Co., the well-known coach builders, 
Falshaw Bros., Bowling of South Melbourne, Tech, Morgan, M'Laren, 
Greer, wine merchants, Jack Frost freezing appliances, Alcock's billiard 
tables, V. Pride's (Geelong) saddlery, Carter and Werner's optical goods, 
and Braybrook Company's Phoenix Fireworks manufactures, Brache's 
varied and well got-up samples of wine, Mephan-Ferguson's iron water- 
pipes and fluming, Thompson's (Castlemaine) machinery, Pearson's 
Richmond Brewery stout, Farrow and Company's cocoa and whiskey (a 
novel combination), Sargood, Butler, and Nichol's exhibits of clothing, 
and the very interesting and valuable exhibits of the Australian India- 
rubber Company. Messrs. Swallow and Ariel had a very cleverly 

rranged trophy composed of their celebrated biscuits, and there were 

also Morgans tents and flags, the Australian Wine Company, A. Weigel 

Co.'s champagne bar, Donaghy and Son's (Geelong) rope and twine 

exhibits, and Budam's Microbe Killer. In the British Court, Mr. Arthur 

iJay s exhibits at once commanded attention by the superior appearance 

the show cases, and the effective arrangement of the section. The 

models of the steamers Ophir and Ormuz, in the centre of the main 

venue, were magnificent samples of marine architecture. A note- 

>rtny feature at this point was the fountain, which assumed quite an 

imposing appearance with its coating of bronze, and artistic setting 

off of flowers, ferns, and evergreens. Mr. A. Munnew's pretty pavilion, 

1 the effective display of Messrs. Collard and Collard's fine pianos and 

American organs, attracted much attention, and were a credit to the firm, 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 45 

the decorations having been most artistically done by Mr. Little, scenic 
artist, the pavilion being surmounted by a pretty tapestry design with the 
motto "Packard's Fort Wayn American Organs" suspended on gold- 
tipped spears. In the foreign courts, to the left, Mr. Singer's mannikins 
excited some amusement, and the Bohemian glassware was much 
admired. Mr. Nason's beautiful ware and the varied exhibits of M. 
Bossomaier could not be passed without appreciation of their beauty. 
The French Court did not make any elaborate display, though M. V. 
Laurelle had a fair stock of exhibits. Opposite this court, on the right 
of the Avenue of Nations, Mr. Saunders, the representative of a large 
number of leading English firms, made a creditable display in the absence 
of some of his principal exhibits, and Mr. Jacob Hillman had a 
thoroughly typical example of British industry in Messrs. Clark and 
Company show case of cottons from the Anchor Mills, Paisley, the reels 
being built up in artistic coloured designs. There were also in the same 
case novelties in the shape of globes, containing winds of cotton for 
ladies' work tables. Mr. Hillman also exhibited some very fine samples 
of pottery from designs by Sir Edward Elton, Bart., of the Clevedon 
Court Estate, Somerset. Further on in the main avenue, Messrs. James 
Miller and Company showed several samples of the manufactures of the 
Victoria Rope, Twine, and Mat manufactory, Melbourne, arranged in 
cases and in pillars ; and Messrs. Craddock and Company, Wakefield, 
one of the most genuine samples of the durability and compactness of 
British workmanship, in the form of a trophy composed of samples of 
cables, wire ropes, etc. The Machinery and Implement Court made an 
excellent show, and though the space had been extended there was hone 
too much room. 




OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



DEATH OF THE DUKE OF CLARENCE. 



On the 1 6th January news was received of the death of H.R.H. the 
Duke of Clarence, and the various sections of the Exhibition were draped 
in black, the British Court being closed until after the funeral, and some 
of the mourning manifestations, especially those made by Mr. Arthur 
Day, official agent for Great Britain, and Mr. D. Fergus Scott, official 
agent for Victoria, were costly and elaborate. 

On the 1 8th of the same month, the date of the late Prince's funeral, a 
solemn requiem service was held in the Albert Hall. It was, as Mr. 
Sutton remarked, " peculiarly fitting that a requiem should be sounded 
within the walls of the Exhibition " for the late Duke of Clarence, and it 
was equally fitting that the address upon the occasion should have been 
delivered by the gentleman who was mainly instrumental in calling the 
Tasmanian International Exhibition into existence. It was a happy 
inspiration, then, which prompted the gathering, and the large attendance 
endorsed the action taken by Mr. Sutton and Mr. Joubert, and rewarded 
the efforts of those who planned out the requiem and brought it to a 
successful issue. The building was tastefully draped in black, 
and the ladies in the choir wore mourning sashes. The audience 
was an exceedingly large one, and the programme commanded respectful 
attention from its commencement to its close. The arrangement of the 
order of the ceremony was excellent, and the selection of the various 
items set down in the programme was in the best possible taste. Miss 
Frost having played an organ voluntary, " Eternal Rest," Mr. S. 
J. Sutton, M.H.A., delivered the following panegyric: "The Great 
Angel who is ever calling over the muster roll of human names came on 
Wednesday last to that of Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, second in 
right of succession to the Crown. The nation upon which the sun never 
sets is plunged in grief at the decease of one so near the throne ; and we, 
in common with other parts of the empire, pay our tribute of respect to 
his memory. It seems to me that it is peculiarly fitting that a requiem 
should be sounded within the walls of the Tasmanian International 
Exhibition, because, as you will all remember, it was the late Duke's 
illustrious grandfather who conceived and worked out the scheme which 
led to the inauguration of the system of exhibitions which we are 
perpetuating here. Of the late Prince I need say little. His career was 
finished almost before it was begun. It is enough for us to remember that 
those who knew him best loved him best, and the British people all over the 
world honour the Queen, and love the stricken mother who so tenderly 
nursed the dying Prince. The cablegrams this morning especially draw 
our feelings to the young Princess who was so shortly to consummate by 
marriage the love of many years. That the joys of her approaching 
wedding should so suddenly be changed into bitter mourning over the 
bier of her betrothed is a circumstance of so extremely pitiful a 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 47 

character as to demand our heartfelt sympathy. Let us then place our 
mourning wreath the waratah, the clematis, and our own sweet wild 
flowers of affection upon the tomb of the Prince's memory, in the full 
assurance that they will be deemed worthy of a place beside those from 
the old historic world, and let us hope that our present sorrow will bind 
closer the bonds which unite the empire." The " Dead March in Saul" 
was then rendered by the City Band, after which the Exhibition Choir 
sang that sweetly pathetic hymn from the "Ancient and Modern" 
collection, " Now the labourer's task is o'er." Mr. O. B. Balfe followed 
with a reading comprising selections from Tennyson's " In Memoriam " 
and the concluding portion of the dedication to the Idylls, given in 
magnificent style, the lines breathing a prayer for comfort for the 
sorrowing Queen being rendered with splendidly pathetic effect. The 
choir followed with the hymn " God moves in a mysterious way," after 
which the band played the Requiem March ; the service was then 
concluded with the National Anthem, rendered by the choir, Miss Cox 
singing the solo in her usual finished style. The Requiem service was a 
credit to the management of the Exhibition and an additional testimony 
of the loyalty of the people of this city. 




48 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



THE MINERAL ARCH. 



This handsome structure at the main entrance to the Exhibition, and 
composed entirely of Tasmanian material, stone, brick, terra-cotta, 
cement, lime, minerals, etc., was supplied gratuitously by manufac- 
turers, quarry owners, and mining companies. As it is intended that 
the Arch shall be a permanent structure, more care was expended in its 
erection than is usual with Exhibition work of this character. Conse- 
quently, it reflects much credit upon its designer, Mr. A. E. Luttrell, 
architect, of Cameron street, and builder, Mr. J . T. Farmilo, of Cimitiere 
street. 

The following is a list of the donors and materials supplied by them : 
LAUNCESTON CORPORATION. Bluestone. 
MESSRS. JORY AND CAMPBELL, LAUNCESTON. 

1. Fire-clay brick, manufactured by the firm of material 

lately discovered by them. 

2. Machine-made plain and moulded bricks. 

3. Terra-cotta. 

T. B. INNOCENT, LAUNCESTON. Hand-made and machine pressed 
and moulded bricks. 

BERNACCHI AND COMPANY, MARIA ISLAND. Native cement. 

COSGROVE BROS., LAUNCESTON. Hand-made bricks. 

SHERIFF AND JARVIS, LATROBE. Ditto. 

J. BLENKHORN, RAILTON. Lime. 

FYSH BROS., OATLANDS. Brown stone. 

J. WALKER, Ross. White and light brown stone. 

The mineral specimens in the panels were received from various 
nmg companies and others, and represent but a few of the many 

nmerals found in Tasmania, and which were seen to the best advantage 

in the Mineral Section of the Tasmanian Court 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 49 



THE FERNERY. 



{From the " Launceston Examiner!") 

" On entering the Fernery for the first time the visitor might imagine 
himself suddenly transported to some quiet cool sylvan glade in the 
depths of the forest primeval, far away from the haunts of men, so 
realistic is the scene presented and so complete and effective the coup 
(Fceil. By an ingenious arrangement of ' wood borders ' the harmony is 
preserved between the natural foliage and the ceiling, and a pretty piece 
of Tasmanian landscape at the far end of the fernery, with waterfalls and 
a range of mountains in the distance make a most effective background 
and give depth to the view. The sides of the fernery are also effectively 
painted in harmony with the trees, opening up vistas which seem to 
recede away into the distance. The artistic accessories are so blended 
with the real as to perfectly harmonise with the natural foliage, the 
waterfalls in the background descending into a rustic structure repre- 
senting cliffs over which three natural cataracts tumble down through 
masses of creepers and rock lilies. On either side of the avenue the 
fernery is planted with splendid specimens of the common Dicksonia and 
Ahophilus Australis, Lomarias and other varieties from Denison 
Gorge, the beautiful staghorn and elkhorn ferns from Queensland, bird's 
nest ferns from Sydney, and several very fine specimens of the Australia 
Todea from the Forth' Intermingled with these are rock lilies, creepers, 
and dwarf ferns, which form the undergrowth to the tree ferns with their 
spreading fronds, and on one side is a bit of natural forest. At intervals 
are arranged little rivulets, water-falls, fountains and jets, which will 

serve to keep the air deliciously cool during the summer months 

The splendid specimens of the staghorn ferns received from Sydney were 
very skilfully packed under the superintendence of Mr. C. Moore, 
director of the Botanical Gardens. All the ferns and plants wear a healthy 
and thriving appearance, and the whole of the work reflects much credit 
on the artistic taste and energy of Mr. McGowan and his assistants." 

There was also to be noticed a very interesting fern (Cvalhea 
Medularis} which although fairly plentiful in New Zealand and some 
other colonies is confined to a very limited area near Stanley, in 
Tasmania. 



150 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



THE MODEL DAIRY. 



On the visitor's left hand after passing through the Fernery was to be 
found the Model Dairy in full working, butter and cheese being made 
by machinery. It was equipped with a complete plant, such as is now 
in use in almost every farming district in Victoria. The full working 
capacity of the Dairy was 960 Ibs. of butter per week, the advantages 
of machinery over the old style being apparent. The Alexandra Sepa- 
rator at a speed of 6000 revolutions per minute will separate 100 gallons 
of milk per hour; the cream can be made either thick or thin, and the 
separated milk being sweet is far superior for most purposes than the 
majority of that skimmed by hand. The churn employed was what is 
known as a concussion churn, the interior being devoid of beaters and 
agitators. Finer grained, better flavoured, and better keeping 
butter results from this method. The next utensil, the butter worker, 
is the most important in a dairy. Good butter may be made in almost 
any churn, but its keeping depends entirely on the thoroughness of the 
working and washing, which operations are admirably performed by the 
use of the butter worker. A butter press and printer was to be found 
in close proximity to the foregoing. The advantages obtained by the 
use of this machine are considerable. By extreme pressure of the screw 
a large percentage of the remaining moisture runs out, and the butter on 
being forced through the opening is stamped and formed into long 
cubes uniform in shape and size. The cutting frame is then brought 
into action, and the cube by one operation divided into pounds or half- 
pounds as desired. Hot water, so indispensable in a dairy, is obtained 
by the employment of a patent steam generator, which with other plant 
-was supplied by Messrs. A. G. Webster and Son, of Hobart. By the 
use of this patent 2 50 gallons of water can be raised to boiling point 
in 25 minutes. The Cheese-making Plant in the Model Dairy was 
complete in every detail, manufactured by Messrs. Lister and Co., of 
England. The motive power was furnished by means of a " Victory " 
gas engine of four-horse power. This engine is an improvement on 
the well known " Otto," and is manufactured in Melbourne by Messrs. 
J. A. Brierly and Co. In addition to demonstrating the science and 
practice of butter and cheese making, the Manager, Mr. A. P. Bartlett, 
delivered a course of Lectures, illustrated by means of diagrams and the 
use of the various appliances, on subjects of interest to dairy farmers. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 51 



LIST OF JURORS. 



Group A. Works of Art. 

Class i. Oil paintings on canvas, panel, or other grounds. 

Class 2. Miniatures, water-colour paintings, pastels, and drawings of 

every kind. 

Class 3. Sculpture and die sinking, medals, cameos, engravings, etc. 
Class 4. Architectural drawings and models, elevation and plans of 

buildings. 
Class 5. Engraving and lithographing, chromo-lithographs, etc. 

Messrs. GEORGE COLLINS, 
HEXRY EDGELL, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Group B. Education and Instruction ; Processes of the 
Liberal Arts. 

Class 6. Plans and models of schools, asylums, furniture for same ; ditto 

for blind, and deaf mutes ; work of pupils of both sexes. 
Class 7. Stationery, bookbinding, painting and drawing materials. 
Messrs. S. HOPWOOD, 

J. N. CLEMOXS, 

E. H. SUTTOX, JUN., Chairman. 

Class 8. Photographs on paper, glass, wood, and enamel ; heliographic 
engravings, photo-lithographic specimens, enlargements, 
coloured photographs, instruments, apparatus, chemicals, 
and all materials used in photography. 
Messrs. J. G. S. FAWXS, 
A. J. ALLOM, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 9. Musical Instruments. 

Messrs. ALEX. WALLACE, 
T. H. Bosworth, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 10. Medicine, hygiene, and public relief. 
Dr. L. G. THOMPSOX, 
Mr. JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

E2 



52 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Class ii. Mathematical and philosophical instruments. 
Class 12. Maps, geographical and cosmographical apparatus. 
Messrs. S. HOPWOOD, 

J. N. CLEMONS, 

E. H. BUTTON, JUN., Chairman. 

Group C. Furniture and Accessories. 

Class 13. Cheap and fancy furniture. 
Class 14. Upholsterers' and decorators' work. 
Messrs. C. W. JOSCELYNE, 

W. COOGAN, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 15. Crystal glass, and stained glass. 

Messrs. W. R. Marsh, 

HERBERT SAUNDERS, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 1 6. Pottery, including bricks, tiles, drain and other pipes, etc. 
Messrs. A. E. LUTTRELL, 
J. T. FARMILO, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 1 7. Carpets, tapestry, and other stuffs for furniture. 
Messrs. C. W. JOSCELYNE, 
W. COOGAN, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 1 8. Paper-hangings. 
Class 19. Cutlery. 

Messrs. ALEX. WEBSTER, 
J. R. MASON, 
JULES JOUBERT. Chairman. 

Class 20. Gold and silver smith's work. 
Class 2 1 . Bronzes, art castings, and repouss work. 
Class 22. Clocks and watches. 
Messrs. J. G. PIPER, 

J. M. PROCTER, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 23. Apparatus and process for heating and lighting, matches, etc. 
Messrs. A. E. LUTTRELL, 
J.T. FARMILO, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 24. Perfumery, toilet, and other soaps. 
Messrs. F. K. FAIRTHORNE, 
C. RAWSON, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 53 

Class 25. Leather and basket work and fancy articles, including pipes, 
ivory, and tortoiseshell, bone, and wood work. 
Miss KATE FARRELL, 
MRS. MOSER, 
Mr. JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Group D. Textile Fabrics, Clothing, Etc. 

Class 26. Cotton, cotton fabrics (pure and mixed). 
Class 27. Flax, hemp, and linen fabrics 

Class 28. Wool and all woollen fabrics, flannels, blankets, tweeds, etc. 
Messrs. J. W. PEPPER, 

A. BOSSOMAIER, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Special Jury for Wool. 

Messrs. J. B CURRAN, 
E. WHITFELD, 
G. P. HUDSON, 
W. R. MARSH, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 29. Silk and all silk fabrics. 
Class 30. Hosiery and underclothing. 
Messrs. J. W. PEPPER, 

A. BOSSOMAIER, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 3 1 . Clothing for both sexes, boots and shoes, artificial flowers, hair, 

wigs, etc. 

Messrs. W. F. PETTERD, 
J. H. ROOM, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 32. Jewellery (other than gold and silver) ; plated ware ; jet, amber, 
coral, mother-of-pearl, steel ; precious stones, real and imi- 
tation. 

Messrs. N. ARONSON, 
O. MOSER, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 33. Portable weapons guns, pistols, side-arms ; hunting and 

sporting equipments. 
Messrs. T. S. CLEMINSHAW, 
Louis SABER, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 34. Travelling and camp equipage tents, tent furniture, ham- 
mocks, beds, camp stools, trunks, valises, bags, rugs, 
cushions, equipments, and all implements for geologists, 
mineralogists, naturalists, etc. 
Messrs. M. SINGER, 

L. R. CASTRAY, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 



54 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Class 35. Toys, dolls, and playthings; games for adults and children. 
Messrs. CHAS. DAY, 

HERBERT SAUNDERS, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Group E Mining ; Mining Industry ; Raw and Manu- 
factured Products. 

Class 36. Collections of rocks, mineral ores, stones, refractory substances, 
earths and clays, rock salt, mineral fuels, asphalt, bitumen, 
mineral tar, petroleum, etc. ; process of washing and 
extracting precious metals; metals in crude as well as 
manufactured ; tools, and all kinds of hardware. 

Messrs. Alex. MONTGOMERY, M.A., 
W. F. PETTERD, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 37. Products of forestry : specimens of timber; wood for cabinet 
work, for building and other purposes ; barks for tanning or 
textile purposes; colouring and resinous substances; 
charcoal, dried wood, potash ; turnery ; straw work, etc. 
Messrs. D. SCOTT, 

J. T. FARMILO, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 38. Products of hunting, fishing, etc. : collections or drawings of 
terrestrial and amphibious animals; birds' eggs, fishes, 
mollusca, and Crustacea ; furs and skins ; undressed feathers ; 
horn, teeth, ivory ; tortoiseshell ; sponges ; gums ; traps, 
snares, fishing nets, lines, hooks, etc., etc. 
Messrs. HOWARD E. WRIGHT, 
W. F. PETTERD, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 39. Agricultural products NOT used for food : raw cotton, flax, 

hemp, and other fibres 
Rope. 

Capt. BARWOOD, 
Messrs. WM. GURR, 

JULES JOUBERT. 

Class 39. Wool, washed and greasy ; pharmaceutical substances; tobacco, 
raw and manufactured; tanning and dyeing substances; 
preserved fodder, and substances for feeding cattle, sheep, 
dogs, etc. 

Messrs. GEO. E. HARRAP, 
GEO. P. HUDSON, 
W. R. MARSH, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 55 

Class 40. Leather and skins : raw and salted hides ; tanned, curried, 
dressed, and dyed leather ; varnished or patent leather ; 
morocco and sheepskin ; skins grained, chamoyed, tanned, 
dressed, or dyed. 
Messrs. H. #. HARDT, 

JOSEPH C. GENDERS, 
JULES JOUBKRT, Chairman. 

Group F. Apparatus and Processes used in Mechanical 
Industries. 

Class 41. Mining and metallurgy : boring machines; artesian, diamond 
d i ills, etc., for cutting coal, rocks, etc. ; for .working mines 
or quarries ; appliances for lowering and hoisting miners, 
pumping water, ventilating shafts, etc. ; safety lamps ; 
apparatus for saving life ; apparatus for the mechanical 
dressing of ores ; fuel for metal work of all kinds. 
Messrs. JAS. SCOTT, 

\V. R. MARSH, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 42. Agricultural implements : tools ; machines used in the cultiva- 
tion of fields and forests, in all branches of husbandry, 
sowing, planting, or harvesting, whether worked by hand, 
horse, or steam-power ; carts and other rural means of trans- 
port ; manures, organic or mineral. 
Messrs. JAS. SCOTT, 
WM. LUCK, 
W. R. MARSH, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 43. Apparatus and processes used in agricultural work and used for 
the preparation of food, including milling flour, kneading, 
baking, ice-making, and refrigerating machines. 
Messrs. JAS. SCOTT, 

W. R. MARSH, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 44. Machines and tools in general, not specified. 
Typewriters. 

Messrs. T. S. CLEMIXSHAW, 

W. PAXM\N, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Oils and Tallow. 

Messrs. W. R. MARSH, 
JAS. SCOTT, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 
Class 45. Carriages and wheelwrights' work. 
Class 46. Harness and saddlery. 
Messrs. W. R. MARSH, 
J. T. SMITH, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 



5 6 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Class 47. Railway apparatus : engines, carriages, etc. 

Messrs. W. R. MARSH, 
JAS. SCOTT, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 48. Telegraphic appliances electric and all appertaining to 

electricity. 

Messrs. E. WHITFELD, 
W. R. MARSH, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 49. Building materials of all kinds; drawings, models, etc., of 
public buildings, mansions, cottages, lighthouses, industrial 
dwellings, etc. 
Messrs. A. E. LUTTRELL, 
J. T. FARMILO, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 50. Navigation : drawings or models of ships, boats, steamers, 
floating docks ; materials for rigging ; apparatus for saving 
life at sea ; diving bells ; rocket apparatus ; flags and signals. 
Capt. W. R. BARWOOD, 
Messrs. W. R. MARSH, 
E. WHITFELD, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 51. Material and apparatus for military purposes, engineering, 
fortifications, artillery, guns and gun carriages, military 
equipment, clothing, military transport service, armaments, 



Group G. Alimentary Products. 

Class 52. Cerals, farinaceous products ; wheat, rye, barley, rice, maize, 
millet, and other cereals, in grain and in flour ; grain with- 
out husk, and groats ; bread and pastry ; biscuits, etc. 
Cereals and Farinaceous Products. 
Messrs. S. J. SUTTON, 
W. H. GIBSON, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Bread, Pastry, and Biscuits. 
Messrs. S. J. BUTTON, 
W. G. PORTER, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 53. Fatty substances and oils good for food; milk, fresh and 

preserved ; butter, fresh, salt, or tinned ; cheese. 
Class 54. Meat and fish, salt, preserved, smoked, and salted. 
Messrs. J. N. SERGEANT, 

A. MURRELL, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 57 

Class 55. Vegetables and fruit, fresh, dried, and preserved. 

Class 56. Condiments : sugar and confectionery, including jams, 

preserves, sauces, etc. 
Messrs. R. F. IRVINE, 

J. N. SERGEANT, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Cocoa and Chocolate. 

Messrs. T. H. GOULD, 
W. R. MARSH, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 57. Fermented drinks: wines, still and sparkling; beer; cider, 
perry ; brandy, whiskey, gin ; liqueurs, etc., etc. 

Wines, Spirits. 

Messrs. W. R. MARSH, 
E. WHITFELD, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Beers. 

Messrs. W. R. MARSH, 
JOHN MORTON, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Aerated Waters and Cordials. 

Messrs. W. R. MARSH, 
E. WHITFELD, 

D. FERGUS SCOTT, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Special Jury for Adjudicating upon Unclassified 
Exhibits. 

Messrs. W. R. MARSH, 

E. WHITFELD, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Class 58. Horticulture; floriculture; arboriculture; flowers, etc. 
Messrs. P. LORD JOHNSTONE, 
E. WHITFELD, 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 

Group H. Music and Singing. 

Mrs. A. MUNNEW, 

Messrs, W. W. THORNTHWAITE, 

JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 



58 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



AWARDS. 



GROUP A. FINE ARTS. 



The Fine Art collection, though somewhat limited in the number of 
exhibits, was a main feature in the display. The collection occupied a 
capital position in spacious galleries facing the main avenue, whilst a 
magnificent collection of choice Italian Statuary was displayed in the 
Fernery, and materially added to the beauty of that picturesque section 
of the Exhibition. The Fine Arts Gallery proper was divided into three 
sections, viz. British, Foreign, and Tasmanian. And in the first 
department the choice oil paintings procured by Sir Edward Braddon, 
including the full length portrait of Queen Victoria, lent by her 
Majesty, were a source of never-failing interest to the visitors ; whilst 
the works of Tasmanian and intercolonial artists were very greatly 
admired, and the Austrian pictures displayed by Herr Bossomaier 
attracted considerable attention. It is hoped that the exhibition of such 
magnificent works of art will confer material benefit upon the people by 
increasing an appreciation of the beautiful, and making art and its 
softening and subduing influences part and parcel of the daily life of the 
community. The work of the judges was long and arduous, and the 
following are their awards : 

CLASS I. 

Brent, Rose T., Invermay. Chess table top, two views painted in Indian 
ink Second award. 

Burrowes, Mrs. A. E., Launceston. Small folding screen, four panels, 
painted in oils on canvas, Tasmanian lake scenery, native flowers, etc. 
Second award. Fire screen, transparent painting on glass in oils,, 
fuchsias and poppies Highly commended. Large folding screen, four 
panels, painted in oils on canvas ; views of Hobart and Launceston, also 
miscellaneous subjects Highly commended. 

Browne, F. Styant, Launceston. Original oil painting, the work of 
exhibitor, " S.S. Oonah leaving the River Tamar on a misty morning " 
Second award. 

Bates, Edward S. Designs in oil for decorating ball room, dining 
room, and hall Highly commended. 

Barrett, Alfred Warshop, Trevallyn, Launceston. " Fruit "Second 
award. 

Dodery, Emmeline, Lauraville, Longford, " Scene on Upper Yarra 
Highly commended. " Scene on Goulburn, N.S.W." Highly com- 
mended. 8 J 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 59 

Farrelly, B. P., Launceston. " Landscape " Highly commended* 
"The Magdalen Reclining" Highly commended. 

Gurr, M. E., Launceston. Group of flowers painted on ground glass, 
in oils Second award. 

Greig, Mrs. C. G., Launceston. " Scene, River Ouse " Highly com- 
mended. " Lake St. Clair" Second prize. 

Halligan, Mrs.G. H., Riversleigh, Hunter's Hill, Sydney. Oil painting, 
" Queen of White Flowers" Second award. 

Higgs, Joshua, jun., Trevallyn. " Low Head, River Tamar " Highly 
commended. " Don Plains, River Mersey " Highly commended. 

Hall, Alfred J., Launceston. " Victoria River, Huon Morning," by 
W. C. Piguenit First award. 

Kenworthy, Miss Rosina, Launceston. Hand-painted table top in oils ; 
half wreaths of genuine blossoms on a black ground Second prize. 
Hand-painted door in oils, Tasmanian wild flowers and berries, taken 
from nature First prize. 

Mace, Miss Kate Lee, Hobart. Hand-painted screen and several oil 
paintings Second award. 

Maxwell, Mrs. P. C., Latrobe. " A bush road near Port Sorell " 
Highly commended. " Spring in the Tasmanian bush " Third award. 
Miniature views of Tasmanian scenery Highly commended. Hand- 
painted walnut screen of " Tasmanian river scenery " in brown and white 
oils, with " native flowers " on the back in colours Second award. 

Nicholas, R. J., Launceston. Oil painting on canvas of Cataract Gorge 
in flood Second award. "Eventide," painted entirely with the palate 
knife Second award. " Corra Linn" Highly commended. Oil 
paintings from life No. i, His Worship the Mayor of Launceston, S. J. 
Sutton, Esq. ; No. 2, Mrs. S. J. Sutton ; No. 3, J. Joubert, Esq. ; No. 4, 
G. Home, Esq. Oil painting on canvas from photograph (not on 
photograph), Mrs. Nicholas, sen. (collective exhibit) First award. 

Purdue, Ralph, Launceston. Oil paintings (40) of prominent Laun- 
cestonians, including previous mayors and present aldermen Second 
award. 

Pousty, William, Launceston. " Corra Linn " Highly commended. 
"Glen Fallon, etc., Scotland" Second award. 

Scott, Mary Teresa, Launceston. " Entrance to the Huon " Highly 
commended. "Freycinet Peninsula" Highly commended. 

Smith, Henry E., Hobart. Oil painting, " The Sly Glass " Highly 
commended. 

Walker, Mary, Longford. Copy of painting, racehorse " Camel " 
Highly commended. 

Williams, Maud Marion, Hobart. Black octagon table top, in oils ; 
Tasmanian native flowers and berries First award. 

Weetman, Mabel L., Launceston. Collection of oil paintings Highly 
commended as a collection. 

Colonial Architects' Department, Sydney. Oil paintings of old N.S.W. 
identities Second award. 



60 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

New South Wales Fisheries Department. Paintings of edible fish 
First award as a collection. 

Piguenit, William C., Hunter's Hill, Sydney. Oil painting, "Out 
West, during the flood, 1890" (the Gundabooka Range, N.S.W.) 
Special first award. 

Anscombe, Eliza, Dunedin, N.Z. Oil painting, "Lawyer's Head 
above St. Clair, Dunedin " H.C. " Holly Branch " on wooden panel 
Second award. 

Gibb, J., Christchurch, N.Z. Wellington Harbour First prize. "A 
bush saw pit Second award. 

Murray, Geo. Read, Port Chalmers, N.Z. " Mount Cook, Middle 
Island, N.Z. Second award. " Dusky Coast, West Coast "Second 
award. 

Binney, Florence Walker, Moonee Ponds, Victoria. "Through 
Morley's Track, Fernshaw, Victoria " Second award. 

Binney, Catherine, Footscray, Victoria. Hand-painted dessert ser- 
vice ; waterpot, portrait, etc. Very highly commended. 

Coulson, G. J. R., Mercer road, Melbourne, Victoria. " Sunset at 
Lome, Victoria "Second award. 

Creed, Lila, Victoria. Oil paintings, " Single white roses " First 
award. "Rhododendrons" Second award. "Study of foliage" 
Second award. " Waratah " Second award. 

Irvine, John L., St. Kilda. Rolando's oil painting " Sunset on the 
Buffalo Ranges " First award. Rolando's oil painting " Mount Feather- 
top " First award. 

Lyall, Alex. S., St. Kilda, Victoria. Picture of New Zealand Second 
award. 

Maffey, Mabel, Melbourne. "Moonlight" Highly commended. 
" Dog's Head " Highly commended. " Eucalyptus " on glass in plush 
frame Highly commended. 

Sinclair, Catherine S., Kew. Oil painting " French poppies " Highly 
commended. 

Weir, Elizabeth P., Prahran, Victoria. "Sunshade and shower," 
Whittlesea, Victoria Highly commended. " Sunset near Van Yean," 
Whittlesea, Victoria Highly commended. 

Cuban and Follerman, Vienna. Oil paintings Second and third 
awards. 

Robitsek, H., and Co., Vienna. Collection of oil paintings Very 
highly commended. 

CLASS II. Miniatures, Water-colour Paintings, Pastels, 
and Drawings of every kind. 

Allom, Albert J., Launceston. View on River Esk, South Wales 
Second award. 

Archibald, Carl, Warrnambool, Victoria. Frame containing series of 
illustrations of Eureka Stockade riot ; series original drawings of Aus- 
tralian explorations, illustrating incidents in Australian history First 
award. 

Archibald, Lucy, Warrnambool, Victoria. Water-colour sketches from 
life (collective exhibit) Highly commended. 

Barrett, Walter, Launceston. Water-colour, " On the Tamar," Tas- 
maniaHighly commended. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 6l 

Boyd, Allan, West Melbourne. Design for certificate Highly com- 
mended. 

Bates, S. E., Launceston. Designs for decorations of ball-room, 
dining-room, and hall Second award. 

Bell, Lionel E., Ross. Three crayon drawings of animals Highly 
commended. 

Cathcart, May, Invermay. Two pen and ink sketches Two first 
awards. 

Entwistle, Arthur, Hobart. Pen and ink drawings from a copy 
titled "Surrender" Highly commended. 

Charlton, Arthur Esam, St. Kilda. Collection of water-colour 
paintings Highly commended. 

Ford, William, Bracknell. Lightning flourished bird sketch and cards 
Highly commended. 

Ferguson, Ethel May, Launceston. Three crayon drawings Second 
award. 

Gravatt, Emma Jane, East Devonport. Two water-colour paintings 
Highly commended. 

Gurr, L. R. and E. E., Launceston. Crayon drawings (2), " Moon- 
light on the Alps " Second award. 

Godfrey, Charles D., South Melbourne. " Ill-fated Steamships " 
First award. 

Home, Nellie C., Quamby, Hagley, Tasmania. Hand-painted screen 
from nature, centre " Arum lilies," side panels " Poppies and chrysanthe- 
mums" Second award. Hand-painted fire screen, " Tasmanian flowers 
and berries," from nature Highly commended. Group of lemons 
painted from nature on wood panel First award. 

Hudson, Kate, Launceston. Four hand-painted vases Second 
award. 

Hopkins, Maggie, Launceston. Crayon drawing enlarged from a 
painting of Mary Anderson as " Parthenia," from " Ingomar/' a drama 
by Mrs. Lovell Highly commended. Crayon drawing enlarged from 
a photo of Mr. Hopkins's dog "Laddie" Highly commended. 

Hall, Alfred J., St. John street, Launceston. " Three scenes on the 
Upper Yarra, near Kew, Victoria," by the late T. S. Hall One first and 
two second awards. 

Halligan, Mrs. G. H., Hunter's Hill, Sydney. " Spring flowers " (in 
white and black), " Tasmanian waratah and arbutus" (in white and 
black), " Tasmanian gorse tree " Two first awards and one second. 

Huddart, Parker, and Company, Melbourne. Pictures of steamers 
Second award. 

Kent, David, St. Kilda. Pen and ink drawing, " Lioness and cubs " 
First award. Design for a certificate of merit Second award. 

Kildea, Francis T., New Town. Crayon, " Modern Heroes " Second 
award. 

Lawrence, Edgar, Launceston. Water-colour, " Lake Arthur," Tas- 
maniaHighly commended. 

Lloyd, H. G., Dunedin, N.Z. Collection of water-colours Highly 
commended. 

Long, C. Edward, Launceston. Illuminated address to the Governor 
Second award. 

Mansell, Hunt, Catty, and Company, London. Collection of etchings 
Special first award. 



62 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Marchant, Annie Ellen, Mole Creek. Poonah painting of a group of 
roses (on silk) ; also, wreath or spray of roses (painted on velvet) 
Highly commended as collective exhibit. 

Sinclair, Catherine P., Kew. Chalk drawing, " Letter from Home " 
-Highly commended. 

Shearn, Percy C., Launceston. Chrystoleum, subject, "Basket of 
flowers " Highly commended. " Likeness of Mrs. Langtry "Highly 
commended. " Scene on the Scottsdale road " Highly commended. 

Union Steam-Ship Company of New Zealand. Two water-colour 
paintings First award. 

Vellacott, John W. Water-colour paintings on opal (2), "Clipper 
ship Sobraon," " R.M.S. Victoria " Two second awards. 

Waldron, Mabel Ethel, Launceston. " Lilies and dielytra " Second 
award. " White violets, primrose, and ivy " First award. 

Weetman, Mabel L., Launceston. Collection of water-colour pictures 
Highly commended. 

Weetman, H. J., Launceston. Patch-board, consisting of pen and ink 
sketches, with tiled background First award. 

Willis, Helen. Study of nasturtiums Second award. " Study of 
actimostus" (flannel flower of N. S. Wales) First award. 

Wilson, Mrs. L. S., Port Sorell. Portfolio of water-colour paintings 
Tasmanian wild flowers First award. 

CLASS III. Sculpture and Die Sinking, Medals, 
Cameos, Engraving, etc. 

Cecchini, G., Pisa, Florence, Italy. Carrara marble statuary (collec- 
tive exhibit) First award. 

Entwistle, Arthur, Hobart. General engraving on gold, silver, ivory, 
brass, steel, and wood : coats of arms, crests, monograms, cyphers, brass 
name and memorial plates, etc. First award. 

Fontana, Signer, Chelsea, England. Sculpture Special first award. 

Killalea, Henry, E., Launceston. Marble statue of the Lady of 
Lourdes, and marble cross and figure of the Crucifixion (collective 
exhibit) Third award. 

Warrington, S. A. and E., Launceston. Stone altar, stone bridge, stone 
lighthouse Third award. 

Watson, Charles C., Hobart. Carving in stone representing tree, 
ivy, and birds Second award. 

Doulton and Co., London. Terra-cotta sculpture, by George Tin- 
worth Special first award. Sculpture in Doulton ware, by George Tin- 
worth First award. 

Moran, A. W., Melbourne. Medal making and die sinking First 
award. 

CLASS IV. -- Architectural Drawings and Models, 
Elevation and Plans of Buildings. 

Science and Art Department, South Kensington, series of 37 draw- 
ings (collective exhibit) Special first award. 

Scholars' Science and Art Department, South Kensington. Isabella L. 
Bebb Inrst award. E. Piper Special first award. D. S. Grubb 
Special first award. T. W. Cole Special first award. J. M Dunlop 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 63 

First award. C. D. Hodder First award. Isabella L. Bebb Special 
first award. A. G. Scrange Special first award. Frank W. Wood 
Hon. mention. T. W. Cole First award. W. J. Merriot First award. 
W. M. Grubb First award. J. T. Cook Special first award. C. 
Cortinoss First award. Alfred Lewis Hon. mention. M. A. Heath 
First award. F. Brown First award. M. A. Heath First award. 
Agnes G. Farmer First award. John Lee First award. J. T. Cook 
Special first award. W. M. Grubb Special first award. Rider 
Haywood Special first award. Arthur Legge Hon. mention. C. S. 
Perkin First award. C. S. Millard Hon. mention. A. C. C. John 
Special first award. G. W. Harley Special first award. A. C. C. 
John Special first award. W. M. Grubb First award. Arthur 
Whitehead Special first award. 

Launceston Technical School. Sheets of workings in solid geometry 
and projection, 14 original designs modelled in clay and re-produced 
in plaster and terra cotta ; or carvings in wood, original designs ; five 
models, door, photo frame, mantelpiece, gate, circular staircase (col- 
lective exhibit) Special first award. 

Scholars of the Launceston Technical School. A. E. Morgan, original 
designs modelled in clay and re-produced in plaster Hon. mention. 
S. Morgan, frieze and scrolls modelled in clay and re-produced in 
plaster Hon. mention. C. Tyson, original designs modelled in clay 
and re-produced in plaster First award. R. Gow, mantelpiece, 
original design, modelled in clay and re-produced in plaster Special 
first award. C. Beaufoy, carved front of chiffonnier, original design 
(biackwood and Huon pine) First award. A. E. Evershed, carved 
coat of arms in Huon pine Special first award. C. Sargeant, biackwood 
mantelpiece Hon. mention. T. Earley, model of circular-staircase 
Special first award. 

Machine Construction Class, Launceston Technical School. 18 draw- 
ings to scale from fully dimensioned sketches supplied, five drawings 
being designs of details of machinery from data supplied ; 1 1 drawings, 
full size, and to scale from data supplied by student himself ; 1 2 draw- 
ings, shaded and coloured from copy (collective exhibit) Special first 
award. 

Scholars' Machine Construction Class, Launceston Technical School. 
John Clark, drawings to scale from fully dimensioned sketches 
supplied, being Tasmania Gold Mine pumping engine and marine 
engine First award. Thomas Turner, drawings to scale from fully 
dimensioned sketches supplied, being marine engine and cylinder marine 
engine Special first award. John Wilson, drawing to scale from fully 
dimensioned sketches supplied, being safety valve for marine boiler 
Hon. mention. John Batchelor, drawings full size and to scale, details 
of machinery from data supplied by the student himself, being loco- 
motive connecting rod and locomotive cross-head First award. James 
B. Massey, drawing full size and to scale from data supplied by the 
student himself , being marine boiler Hon. mention. H. R. Evershed, 
detail drawings, shaded and coloured, from copy, being plummer block, 
bevel wheel gearing, connecting rod, crane hook Special first award. 

Allen, Albert G. H., Invermay. "Collection of architectural designs 
and sketches Second award. 



64 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Hardt, H. B. Designs of the arches, all decorations, and allotments 
of space in N.S.W. Court of the Exhibition First award. [The jurors- 
consider that the design and especial care shown in the setting out of 
the N.S.W. Court entitle it to special notice by the commissioners, and 
therefore suggest a first award be granted.] 

Luttrell, Alfred E., Cameron street, Launceston. Perspective drawing, 
Marine Hotel, pen and ink isometrical perspective drawing of Tasma- 
nian Exhibition and surroundings Second award. Pen and ink drawing 
(first prize Exhibition certificate competition) First award. 

Maurice, F., Melbourne, Victoria. Plan (in relief) of Tasmania, 
showing by scale (horizontally and vertically) rivers, mountains, roads, 
railway lines, towns, townships, divisions, etc. Second award. 

M'Kinnon, Gordon, Parramatta, N.S.W. Front elevation design ot 
the Albert Hall, Launceston First award. 

Fagg, Mr., Hobart. Two architectural drawings Second award. 

Warry, D. R., Greenwich, London. Architectural design for cathe- 
dral Special first award. 

CLASS V. Engraving and Lithographing, Chromo- 
Lithographs, etc. 

Bulletin Newspaper Company, Sydney. Original " Bulletin " draw- 
ings by Livingstone, Hopkins, and Phil May ; 38 engravings, zinco- 
graphy, photo-negative drawing, print on negative on silver zinc ready 
for engraving, zinc block engraved ready for printing First award . 

Dunlop and Brown, Melbourne. Show case or frame of window 
tickets Second award. 

Milne, Angus, Footscray, Victoria. Picture, freehand Second award. 

Osborn, Alf. P., Christchurch, N.Z. General engraving on brass 
plates, copper, gold, silver, and wood First award. Caligraphv Second 
award. 

Waterworth, John J., Hobart. Collection of engravings Second 
award. 



Patent Borax Company, Birmingham, England. Collection of artistic 
show cards Second award. 

Keen, Robinson, and Belville, London. Collection of artistic show 
cards Second award. 

Birmingham Vinegar Brewery Company, Birmingham, England. 
Collection of artistic show cards Second award. 

CLASS Va. Amateur Photographic Exhibits. 

c Er T Vne ; F / Styant ' Laun ceston. Bromide enlargement, untouched, 
.udy of a head "Second award. Frame of landscapes of Tasmanian 
scenery and portraits First award. 

Northern Tasmanian Camera Club. Frame of platinotype prints, 
trame of silver prints, the work of members of the Club -First award. 

..runcell Charles, Hobart. Tasmanian views Second award. 

P 'TK-^' S S Kilda ' Victoria ' Landscape photos of Victorian 
scenery Third award. 

Parker R L Launceston. Collection of photos of Tasmanian 
scenery (platma) First award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 65 

Roome, Dr. H. A., Westbury. Photograph in platinotype, " Scenes 
in the Alps" Second award. Ditto, "Studies on Lake Como, Italy" 
First award. Ditto, "An Italian Peasant" Special first award. 
Photograph in platinum, " Springtime in Surrey " Special first award. 

Colliver, N., Ballarat, Victoria. Cabinet of photographs Fourth 
award. 

Kermode, Robert, Mona Vale, Ross. Photographs of Tasmanian 
views Second award. Photographs of Tasmania and Australia First 
award. 

Grange, John Stuart. Photographs of Tasmanian scenery Second 
award. 

New South Wales Government Railway Department. Amateur photo- 
graphy Hon. mention. 

CLASS VI. Plans and Models of Schools, Asylums ; 
Furniture for the same ; ditto for Blind and 
Deaf Mutes ; Work of Pupils of both sexes. 

Easton, Thomas J., Venus School, Zeehan. Oil paintings of maps 
of Tasmania and Australia, poetry, pen and pencil sketches, mechanical 
drawings, collection of specimens, flowers, ferns, etc., mounted Com- 
mended. 

Corp, John Francis, Commercial College, Latrobe, Tasmania. Work 
done in school, maps of New Zealand (by pupils over 14), Australia 
(under 14), Tasmania (under 12), plan (under 15) Special mention 
for plans and maps. 

Fletcher, Mary A., Launceston. Kindergarten system, occupations 
done by the children First award. 

Nathan, E. A., High School, Launceston. Plain penmanship by the 
pupils Highly commended. Fancy penmanship by the pupils Com- 
mended. Mapping by the pupils Highly commended. 

Rees, John D., State School, Lilydale. Three maps of Tasmania and 
writing cards Commended. 

Stopford's Preparatory School, Bellerive. Copy slip and angle in use 
at Hobart Junior School, with samples of writing to show the improve- 
ments made in six months Commended. 

Government Technical School, Hobart. Work by students in art, 
modelling, and maritime construction classes First award. 

Phillips, James, Launceston. Map of New Zealand, ornamental and 
plain writing Highly commended. 

Launceston Technical School. Modelling, " Survival of the Fittest,'' 
from Illustrated London News First award. 

Scholars of Hobart Technical School. G. Howe, iron gutter Special 
first award. [The jurors beg to note the excellent workmanship of the 
student in this exhibit.] R. Green, details of roof, two boxes, bread 
platter First award. Glastonbury chair Special first award. Model 
of staircase First award. C. Green, folding shutter window First 
award. 

Hobart Technical School. Four paintings First award. 

F 



66 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

CLASS VI. Maps and Penmanship. 

Lilydale State School. Work done by scholars. Coloured map of 
Tasmania by George Proctor, aged 1 2 years ; ditto by Elsie Proctor, 
aged 12 years; specimen of writing by Robert Arnold, aged 13 years; 
Grace Erb, 13; Elsie Proctor, n; Margaret Brewer, 15; Hannah 
Proctor, 15 ; Louisa Brooks, 12 ; Amy Christie, 12 ; Robert Power, 13 ; 
and Matthew Phillips, n Hon. mention. 

CLASS VI. School Exhibits. 

Corp, John Francis, Latrobe. Collective school exhibit Very highly 
commended. 

Ford, W. (over 16). Ornamental penmanship Special first award. 

West, V. B. Map of New Zealand Highly commended. Orna- 
mental penmanship First award. 

Addison, H. W. Map of New Zealand First award. 

Phillips, J. Plain penmanship First award. 

Kelly, W. Map of Australia First award. 

Kildea, F. J. Crayon drawings First award. 

Jones, H. Fancy penmanship First award. 

M'llwaine, J. Map of Tasmania First award. 

Sidebottom, . Plain penmanship First award. 

Kidd, R. A. Plain penmanship Second award. 

Beck, Ernest. Plain penmanship First award. 

Jackson, L. Plain penmanship First award. 

Ferguson, J. Plain penmanship Commended. 

Nathan, E. A. Collective school exhibit First award. 

CLASS VII. Stationery, Bookbinding, Painting, and 
Drawing Materials. 

Button, Henry, proprietor of the Launceston Examiner and The 
'1 asmanian. Specimens of materials used in various stages of paper- 
making, from Messrs. J. Spicer and Sons, London, and J. Joynson and 
Sons, London First award. Demy folio "Quadrat" cylinder machine 
(in operation) First award. Specimens showing progressive stages in 
the manufacture of black lead pencils, from Mr. B. S. Cohen, London 
First award. Specimens showing progressive stages in the manufacture 
of steel pens, from a sheet of metal to the finished pen, from Mr. William 
Mitchell, London Highly commended. Specimens of paper-ruling, 
done by the exhibitor Highly commended. Specimens showing pro- 
gressive stages in the manufacture of steel pens, from a sheet of metal to 
the finished pen, from Messrs. G. Brandauer and Co., London First 
award. Post octavo "Model" platen machine (in operation) First 
award. Specimens of printing, letterpress, lithographic, embossing, etc. 
First award. Specimens of account books made by the exhibitor 
Highly commended. Specimens of photo-engraving, plates etched and 
mounted by the exhibitor Highly commended. Specimens of stereo- 
typing, moulds, plates, as cast and mounted by exhibitor First award. 
Bookbinding in morocco First award. 

Bellett, S. J., St. Kilda, Dunedin. Black, blue black, and copying 
tttk, scarlet ink, gold paint, raven black, cold water ink First award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 67 

Meek, W. J M Dunedin. Blue black, copying, and coloured inks 
First award. 

Walch Bros., and Birchall, Launceston. Finest pencils, Johann Faber, 
Nuremburg, Bayern ; steel pens and method of manufacture, G. Bran- 
dauer and Co., Birmingham ; Swan Quill steel pens, A. E. Lamdin, 
Liverpool ; sealing wax, Bee brand, George Waterston and Sons, Lon- 
don ; steel pens and method of manufacture, Joseph Gillott, Birming- 
ham ; frames steel pens, John Heath, Birmingham First award for 
collection. Manufactured account books, made by J. Walch and Sons, 
Hobart First award. 

Reeves and Sons, London (Artistic Stationery Company, Melbourne, 
agents). Artists' materials, water and oil colours, brushes, etc., easels, 
canvases, drawing boards, studies, drawing paper, oil and water colour 
blocks, architects' instruments, etc. First award. 

Orient Steam Navigation Company. " The Orient Line Guide " 
First award. 

Hinton, T. H., Chelsea, England. " Some of the postage stamps of 
the British Empire " First award. 

Mines Department, Victoria. Mining reports and publications First 
award. 

Government Statist's Department, Victoria. Statistics, handbook, and 
large statistical table showing progress of the colony Special first award. 

Lands Department, Victoria. Reports and publications First award. 

" Year Book of Australia " Publishing Company, Limited, Melbourne. 
The " Year Book of Australia " Special first award. 

Strutt, W. T., Hobart. Specimens of bookbinding done at the 
Government Printing Office, Hobart Highly commended. 

Walch Bros, and Birchall, Launceston. "Walch's Red Book" (Tas- 
manian Almanac) First award. 

Victorian Postal and Telegraph Department. Two frames, containing 
No. i frame, view of Melbourne General Post Office in the year 1853, 
and view of Melbourne General Post Office in the year 1890, hand- 
somely illuminated and surrounded with revenue and postage stamps of 
Victoria of denominations up to ^"9, stamps entwined amidst Australian 
foliage ; No. 2 frame : views of the principal post and telegraph buildings 
in Victoria, surrounded with stamps of current issue in Victoria ; both 
frames are in Tasmanian figured blackwood Special first award. 

CLASS VIII. Photographs on Paper, Glass, Wood, and 
Enamel ; Heliographic Engravings, Photo-litho- 
graphic Specimens, Enlargements, Coloured 
Photos, Instruments, Apparatus, Chemicals, 
and all materials used in Photography. 

Fairfax, John, and Sons, Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney. Illus- 
trations of daily and pictorial newspaper work, stereotype and rare 
specimens of printing, newspaper literature, engraving, and typographical 
art Special first award. 

Skinner, J. H., and Co., East Derham, Norfolk. Photographic appa- 
ratusFirst award. Patent photographic turntable First award. 



68 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Nicholas, R. J., Launceston. Photographic portraits First award. 
Christmas, New Year, and birthday cards First award. Water-colour 
enlargements of photographs of the late Judge Giblin, and Miss Simon- 
son and child ; plain enlargements of photos of Sir R. G. Hamilton, 
S. J. Sutton, Esq., and Miss Tulloch Special first award. 

Doulton and Co.. Lambeth, London. Series of 19 photographs of the 
works of George Tinworth in terra cotta Special first award. 

Wherrett Bros, and Co., Hobart. Photographic portraits in platinum 
and silver First award. 

New Zealand Midland Railway. Collection of photographs of New 
Zealand scenery First award. 

Union Steam-Ship Company of New Zealand. Collection of photo- 
graphs of New Zealand scenery First award. 

Government Printer, New South Wales. Photographs of New South 
Wales scenery Special first award. 

Colonial Secretary, New South Wales. Photograph of delegates to 
the National Convention, 1891 Hon. mention. 

CLASS IX. Musical Instruments. 

Fincham and Hobday, Richmond, Victoria. Organ First award. 

Gee, Richard, Launceston. The Bell and Company American cabinet 
organ Second award. 

Karrer, S., Teufeuthal, Switzerland. Musical boxes First award. 

Munnew, A., Launceston. Packard's cottage and parlour organ 
First award. 

Milner and Thompson, Christchurch. Thompson's patent tuning 
attachment Special first award. Patent piano, with new tuning attach- 
ment Second award. 

Walch Bros, and Birchall, Launceston Set of brass band instruments 
-First award. Two upright grand pianos by Kanhauser First award. 
I 1 our American organs by Mason and Hamlin First award for church 
organ. Kanhauser cottage pianos First award. 

Young, Alexander, Trevallyn, Launceston. i violincello, i viola 2 
violins Special first award. 

Broadwood, John, and Sons, London, England. Cottage pianoforte, 
with complete metal frame, patent tuning pins, full trichord stringing 
and improved front, in early English design, of the choicest satinwood, 
with handpamted centre panel -Special first award for quality of tone 
and superior workmanship and material. 

CLASS X. Medicine, Hygiene, and Public Relief. 

f B l St - a , nd C " Richmond > Victoria. Preparations obtained chiefly 
?rTlvn f C if ?", S Ve S etation of Australia, consisting of essential oils, 
eucalyptus, alkaloids, gums, and resins First award 

S n> Melb urne ' Microbene and closet disinfectant- 



*** Co " ^on. Kepler's cod-liver oil- 

award - Medicine 

asthma remedy-Highly com- 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 69 

Kearsley, C. and J., Westminster. Pills Highly commended. 

Hatton and Laws, Launceston. Drugs, chemicals, patent and pro- 
prietary medicines First-class award for collection. 

Chassaing and Co., Paris. Pharmaceutical and physiological produce, 
pepsine drug and medicine First award. 

Cornu, Ch., Paris. Medicinal capsules First award. 

Browne, F. Styant, Launceston. Pyramid of proprietary medicines 
manufactured by exhibitor Highly commended. 

Carter and Werner, Ballarat, Victoria. Scientific optical instruments 
to measure sight, etc. Special first award. Spectacle and other lenses 
in all stages of manufacture Special first award. Binoculars, microscopes, 
etc. First award. 

Evans, Lischer, and Webb, London. Capsules and patent medicine 
First award. Coco wine First award. 

Gould, H.T., and Co., Hobart. Oil, extract, and various preparations 
of eucalyptus globulus First award. 

Johnston, J. D., Launceston. Articles for the toilet and proprietary 
medicines Second award. 

Jessop and Co., London. Chemicals First award. Paints First 
award. Oilmen's stores First award. 

Radman's Microbe Killer, Melbourne. Patent medicine First award. 

Spreadborough, John, Launceston. Mechanical dentistry First award. 

Timbury Eucalyptus Oil Company, Gladstone, Queensland. Essen- 
tial oils distilled from the eucalyptus citriodora, the tea-tree, eucalypt 
lozenges Special first award for collection. The essential oil distilled 
from the leaves of the eucalyptus melaleuca leucadendiam First award. 

CLASS XL Mathematical and Philosophical 
Instruments. 

Gunn, W. R., and Co., Melbourne. Surgical instruments for the cure 
of various deformities, artificial limbs, trusses, belts, etc. First award. 
Figure of child, showing appliances for every description of deformity 
fitted to it First award. 

CLASS XII. Maps, Geographical and Cosmographical 
Apparatus. 

Aikenhead, A., Malunnah, West Devonport. Map of Australia, done 
while at Horton College Commended. 

Williams, H. W., Geelong, Victoria. Specimen of phonography 
Commended. 

Maurice, F., Melbourne. Relief plan of Tasmania, showing, by scale, 
rivers, mountains, railways, roads, etc. Special first award. 

Williams, A. C., Launceston. Map of Australia Commended. 

Wilson, W. D., State School, Pyengana, George's Bay. Map of Tas- 
mania Commended. 

Nicholson, G. G., Launceston. Map of Tasmania Special first 
award . 

Mabin, R. D., Old Beach, Tasmania. Map of Tasmania Com- 
mended. 



70 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Fenton, James, Launceston. Pen and ink sketch showing the rise 
and progress of Tasmania First award. 

Dories, Joseph, Beaconsfield. Geological maps of the Beaconsfield 
district Commended. 

Robinson, Edgar, Melbourne. Shorthand Special first award. 

Mines Department of Victoria. Geological maps of various mining 
districts, geological map of Australia- Special first award. 

Lands Department of Victoria Map of Victoria (divisional) Special 

Kuhn, A. A., East St. Kilda, Victoria. Map of Tasmania Very 
highly commended. 

Midland Railway Company Limited, New Zealand. Map of Canter- 
bury and Westland Highly commended. 

Bardou, J., Perpignan, France. Cigarette papers Special first award. 

Brickhill, James, Launceston. Map showing chromo-lithographic 
work First award. 

Government Printer, New South Wales. Books, bookbinding, printing, 
etc. Special first award. 



GROUP C. FURNITURE AND ACCESSORIES. 

This may be looked upon as the most elastic group in the whole of the 
Exhibition, inasmuch as it comprises almost every article of art or manu- 
facture used in the household. 

The first class deals with cheap and fancy furniture, which was fairly 
represented by some of the local manufacturers, who displayed to the 
very best advantage the artistic taste of their workmen, not only in the 
carving and tastefully ornamented woodwork, but also in the upholster- 
ing and decorative work which comes under Class 14. 

In Class 1 5 (Crystal Glass and Stained Glass) Tasmania had to make 
room for other and older countries Bohemia, Austria, Germany, and 
France being well to the fore, Victoria showing some artistic church 
windows of great merit. The wonderful collection of Bohemian glass 
exhibited by Mr. Bossomaier, Mr. Singer, and Mr. Moser was, through- 
out the whole period of the Exhibition, one of the main attractions, and 
caused many visitors to wend their way through the Avenue of Nations 
to the spot allotted to these enterprising exhibitors. 

In Class 1 6 our local manufacturers again took a leading part. Mr. 
Campbell showed some excellent and most promising potteryware 
from the Sandhill kilns : the bricks, drain pipes, and ordinary potteryware 
could not be excelled, whilst his attempts at superior work are most 
encouraging ; indeed, some specimens of Mr. Campbell's work would 
hold their place in any part of the world. McHugh Bros, also exhibit 
first-class drain pipes and other ironstone ware. 

In Class 24 some creditable exhibits were shown in the British and 
Foreign courts, Colonial productions being mostly confined to household 
soaps, perfumery, and essences, made here from imported materials. 

Class 25 embraced a multitude of fancy articles, needlework, em- 
broidery, etc., which occupied a large space, and from its endless 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 7! 

variety attracted much attention, not only from the exhibitors, but from 
their friends. The long list of awards made in that class will show that 
the competition was keen, and the labour of the jury was taxed to the 
utmost to deal fairly with the articles they had to adjudicate upon. 

CLASSES XIII., XIV., and XVII. Cheap and Fancy 
Furniture, Upholsterers' and Decorators' Work, 
Carpets, Tapestry, and other stuffs for Furni- 
ture. 

Alcock and Co., Melbourne. Billiard tables Special first award. 
Billiard cues First award. Patent automatic billiard marker and indi- 
cator First award. Pool and pyramid marker First award. 

Dempsters, Launceston. Dining-room furniture, manufactured by the 
exhibitors from specially-selected Tasmanian blackwood, velvet pile 
carpet, medicine cupboard in oak, oil paintings, landscapes, and fes- 
tooned decorotions of silk tapestry and Roman satin Special first award 
for collective exhibit. 

Lawrance, G. R., Launceston. Ceiling decoration for dining-room 
Special first award. 

Lawrie and Bishop, Birmingham. Patent wire meat safes, rat traps, 
birdcages, door mats, etc , in wire, also wove wire for mining and sewing 
purposes Special first award for collective exhibit. 

Tear, Henry, and Co., Sydney. Cheap fancy drawing-room and 
dining-room suites Second award. 

Perry, John, Melbourne. Furniture turnery First award. 

McLean Bros, and Rigg Limited, Sydney. Patent theatre and opera 
house seats First award. 

Rawson, C., Launceston. Mantelpieces and hall stand First award. 

Fallshaw Bros., North Melbourne. Billiard table and accessories 
First award. 

The Midland Perambulator Company, Birmingham. Perambulators 
and patent safety mail or go-cart on rubber wheels First award for 
collective exhibit. 

Colonial Architects' Department, New South Wales. Carved golden 
fleece, coat of arms, busts of Nelson and Justice Windeyer First award. 

Miller, James, and Co., Melbourne. Cocoanut matting, fibre mats, 
fibre, and wool mats Special first award. 

M'Caw, Stevenson, and Orr, Belfast, Ireland. " Glacier " for window 
decoration Commended. 

Kennerley, Thomas J., Sydney. Patent pipe (anti-nicotine) First 
award. 

David Storrer, Launceston. Drawing-room suite First award. Side- 
board of oak grown in Tasmania (first sideboard made of oak grown in 
Australasia) First award. 

Warrington, S. V. and E. A., Launceston. Photo frames, doll tables, 
dressing table, three pairs oxhorns, one cabinet of foreign coins Com- 
mended. 

French, G. J., Launceston. Woods in various grainings and various 
marbles ; embossed, stained, and ornamental glass work ; ainter's and 
decorator's work, paperhangings, etc. Special first award for collective 
exhibit. 



7 2 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Chatteris, Mrs. Henry, Sydney. " Left at home," a picture worked 
by hand in silk Highly commended. 

Clegg, J., Christchurch, New Zealand. Rubber tyre perambulators 
with steel bodies First award for workmanship and finish. 

Catley, R. W., New Town, near Hobart. Table and workbox to 
match of Tasmanian wood Commended. 

Coombe, Joseph, Campbell Town. Fancy table Highly commended. 

Hall, James, Hobart. Music cabinet made of old fruit cases, original 
design First award. 

Gagel, Conrad, Coburg, Germany. Basketware First award. 

Forsyth, Richard, Sandhill, Launceston. Collection of picture frames 
made by the exhibitor of Tasmanian clays First award. 

Polglase, J. H. P., North Melbourne. Eider-down and kapok venti- 
lated patent bed quilts First award. 

Sharman, Howard, Launceston. Hearthrug Commended. 

Beadle, Joseph, Trevallyn, Launceston. Picture frame made of glass 
Second award. 

Munnew, A., Launceston. Ottoman music stools in Tasmanian black- 
wood, with patent raising movement First award. 

CLASS XV. Crystal and Stained Glass. 

Webb, Thomas and Son, Limited, Stourbridge, England. Ornamental 
glass Special first award for chaste design and high finish. 

Friebner, Ens, and Eckert, Volkstedt, Germany. Dresden biscuit 
china Special first award. 

Walsh, Walsh John, Birmingham. English flint glass and delicate 
colouring and cutting, cut table glass and fancy glass Special first award. 

Brooks, Robinson, and Co., Melbourne. Stained glass window, " The 
calling of St. Matthew," designed and executed for Christ Church, Laun- 
ceston Special first award. Embossed decorative glass for halls, etc. 
First award. Embossed staircase window First award. 

Von Fischer, J., Buda-Pesth, Hungary. Artistic china and majolica 
ware Special first award for high finish and artistic ornamentation. 

Holmes, John, Bagshot, Surrey. Glass and china engraving First 
award for general household glass engraving. 

Hughes, Rogers, and Co., Melbourne. Stained glass window for 
church ("St. Agnes"), and domestic mosaic and leaded work First 
award. 

Moser, Ludwig, Carlsbad, Austria. Carlsbad jewel glass, with solid 
gold decorations and raised enamel figures Special first award for 
jewelled glass and enamelled glass, artistic ware of the highest finish. 

Kister, A. W. Fr , Scheibe. Ivory glass Special first award for ivory 
glass, beautifully embellished and artistically ornamented. 

Montgomery, William, Melbourne. Two panels, "Bowling" and 
" Hunting," and one panel, " Parable of the talents" Second award. 

Rachmann, B., Berlin. Handpainted Bohemian glass Special first 
award for speciality in handpainted placques. 

Spitzer, C., Paris. Handpainted Bohemian glass Special first award 
for delicate colour and ornamentation. 

Singer, Maurice, Haide, Bohemia. Bohemian glass Special first 
aWard for collective exhibit. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 73 

Webb, Frank, South Melbourne. Engraving on glass and photo- 
engraving on glass Special first award. 

Zeckert, Johann, and Sohn, Meisterdorf, Bohemia. Brass-mounted 
glass goods First award. 

Bay, G., Paris. Triplicate mirror First award. 

Schmid, Er., Vannes-C-Chatel, France. Ordinary glass Hon. men- 
tion. 

Boussard, Paris. China flowers Special first award. 

CLASS XVI. Pottery, including Bricks, Tiles, Drain 
and other Pipes. 

Webb, Thomas, and Sons, Stourbridge, England. Artistic white 
china Special first award. 

Price's Patent Candle Co., Limited, London. Earthenware china for 
holding nightlights Hon. mention. 

Doulton and Co., Lambeth Pottery, London. Artistic pottery Special 
first award for collective exhibit. 

Whitfield, Mabel, Carrick. Handpainted drain tile Hon. mention. 

Whitfield, Eveline, Carrick. Handpainted jar containing pot with 
ferns Hon. mention. 

Jory and Campbell, Launceston. Plain and ornamental bricks, fire 
bricks, white enamelled bricks, and terra cotta First award. 

Hall, W., Yokohama, Japan. Handpainted china First award for 
collective exhibit of Japanese art china. 

Elton, Sir E. B., Bart., Clevedon Court, England. Elton ware art 
pottery Special first award. 

Campbell, John, Launceston. Handpainted earthenware, majolica 
and decorated ware, made by exhibitor Special first award for collective 
exhibit of colonial-made china, majolica, and decorated ware, showing 
great progress, and deserving every encouragement. Bristol, cane, and 
Rockingham ware First award. 

Campbell and Jory, Sandhill. Machine-made bricks, moulded bricks, 
terra-cotta panels Special first award. 

Cosgrove, Bros., Punchbowl. Hand-made bricks Hon. mention. 

Innocent, T. B., Glen Dhu. Hand-made, machine-pressed bricks, 
hand-made and machine-made bricks First award. 

Sheriff and Jarvis, Latrobe. Hand-made bricks Hon. mention. 

Campbell, John, Potteries, Launceston. Collective exhibit of every 
description of earthenware made by exhibitor Special first award for 
collective exhibit. Sanitary ware, drainpipes, tiles, and terra cotta, 
including flower-pots and art ware First award. Dripstone filters 
Special first award. 

Fulham Ptttery and Cheavin Filter Company Limited, Fulham. 
Rapid water filters and pocket filters First award. 

Newey, R., and Sons, George Street, Launceston. Collection of 
garden pottery, flower-pots and saucers, seed pans (round and square), 
orchid pots and pans, fancy garden potteryware First award. 

Doulton and Co., Lambeth, England. Filters First award. 

McHugh Bros, and Jackson. General assortment of drainpipes, bends, 
junctions, traps, and other connections for sanitary arrangements ; also 
drain, garden, and gutter tiles, and agricultural pipes for farm drainage 
First award. 



74 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



Adams, R. T., City Road, Melbourne. Improved patent carbon 
fil ters _First award. Syphon and high pressure filter First award. 

CLASSES XX., XXL, and XXII. Gold and Silver Smiths' 
Work, Bronzes, Art Castings, Repousse Work, 
Clocks and Watches. 

Stewart, F. and W., Launceston. Sterling silver cradle Special first 
award. Exact copy of wager boat in silver and gold Special first 
award! Model of old Tamar Rowing Shed in sterling silver First 
award. Horse's hoof mounted in sterling silver as inkstand First 

Addis, G., Launceston. Jewelry in process of manufacture, and 
manufactured watches, clocks, etc. Highly commended. 

Hart, W., and Sons, Launceston. One case platedware Second 
award. 

Stenning and Seaton, London. The patent pickle fork and other 
similar articles, and Alpha pickle fork holders Special first award. [For 
ingenious and useful requisites, and superior workmanship and finish, 
these goods command attention.] 

Lange, M., Berlin. Simili diamonds set in gold and silver Special 
first award. [Best imitation diamonds and pearls, and setting in sterling 
metal.] 

Barclay, James, Launceston. Plated goods Special first award. 

Hahn and Weiss, Vienna. White-metal goods First award. 

Robottom, H. J., Prahran, Victoria. Embossing on silver and copper 
by chasing punches Special first award. 

Fr. Kister, A. W., Schiebe, Germany. Biscuit figures and china and 
gold decorations Special first award. 

Hawley, John, and Sons, Coventry. Silver watches Second award ; 
Gold watches First award. 

Lohmann, C., London. Clocks and bells First award for best col- 
lective exhibit. 

Macfarlane Bros, and Co., Hobart (agents for the Rockford Watch 
Manufacturing Co., Rockford, Illinois, US.A.). Speciality in railroad 
watches, also works ot the same Special first award for best commercial 
value and collective exhibit for silver watches. 

Lang, Martin, Berlin. Imitation jewelry, set in gold First award. 

Curtis, Frank, Dunedin. Lion brand non-mercurial plate powder, for 
cleaning silver and electroplated ware Special first award. 

Walker and Hall, Sheffield. Silver-plated goods, spoons and forks, 
table cutlery, and Sonora silver spoons and forks Special first award 
for collective exhibit ; first award for spoons, forks, table cutlery, and 
Sonora silver spoons and forks. 

Bay, Gustav, Paris. Wire cutter First award. Spoons Commended. 

CLASS XXIII. Apparatus and Processes for Heating 
and Lighting, Matches, etc. 

Webb, Thomas, and Sons, Limited, Stourbridge, England. Lamps- 
Special first award. 

Smith-Harvey Patent Lighting Company, 453 Collins Street, Mel- 
bourne. Patent gas-making apparatus First award. Portable gas 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 75 

lamps First award. Smith-Harvey patent kerosene burner Special 
first award. 

Wright and Butler, Limited, Birmingham. Table lamps First award. 
Hanging lamps First award. Hand lamps First award. Brass hall 
or stand lamps Special first award. Stable, police, railway, and ship 
lanterns (collectively) Special first award. 

Dowling, George, and Co., South Melbourne, Victoria. Hot water 
cylinder Special first award. 

Alsing and Co., Limited, 27 Leadenhall Street, London. Matches- 
First award. 

Brandwood, Joseph, Brisbane Street, Launceston. Portable copper 
Special first award. Fire and burglar proof safes Special first award. 
Ovens First award. 

Cook, J., and Sons, Birmingham. Patent mining lamps Special first 
award. Mine lamps First award. 

Launceston Gas Company. Apparatus used in the manufacture, dis- 
tribution, and use of gas, gasaliers, globes, burners, gas engines, cooking 
and heating stoves, etc. First award for the collection ; and Special first 
award for " Shamrock" cooking stove. 

Worsnop, C. H., Halifax. Patent oil stoves Special first award. 
Patent oil lamps First award. 

CLASS XXIV. Perfumery, Toilet and other Soaps. 

Price's Patent Candle Company Limited, London. Toilet soap 
First award. 

Styant-Browne, F., and Co., Launceston. Case of perfumes manu- 
factured by exhibitors ; also samples of Fluide d'Hiver, Floraline, Vege- 
table Dentifrice, and other toilet articles Highly commended as a 
collective exhibit. Bouquet perfumes Second award. 

Hatton and Laws, Launceston. Perfumery (Corra Linn, Telingha, 
Imperial Bouquet) Highly commended. 

Australian Perfume Company, Sydney. Assorted perfumes and 
essences Second award. 

Sardon, H., and Co., London. High class perfumes, speciality, 
Fragrant Ozone Highly commended. 

Ant Adamck, Vienna. Fancy perfumery First award for exhibit in 
artistic imitation of natural fruits. 

Moll, F. S., London. Toilet soap of all kinds Highly commended. 

Warrick Bros., London. Perfumed lozenges First award. 

Hinks, Underwood, and Co., Bournemouth. Rock plate powder, 
royal metal polishing paste, Stainaline First award. Furniture polish 
First award. 

Crown Perfumery Co., London. Perfumery and toilet soaps. Speciality, 
Crab Apple Blossom and Lavender Salts First award for Crab Apple 
Blossom and Lavender Salts, and Special first award for collective 
exhibit. 

Wilson, A., London. Preparations for the teeth, Bunter's Nervine, 
Dentine First award for Bunter's Nervine and Dentine. 

Gosnell, John, and Co., London. Cherry tooth paste First award. 
Cherry Blossom perfume First award. Cherry Blossom powder 
Highly commended. 



7 6 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Burroughs, Welcome, and Co. Pinol soap, Pinol -First award. 
Lanoline soap and other toilet preparations Special first award. Euca- 
lyptus soap First award. 

Manola Perfume Company, London. Manola perfume First award. 

CLASS XXV. Leather and Basket Work and Fancy 
Articles, including Pipes, Ivory and Tortoise- 
shell, Bone, and Wood Work. 

Mariner, Ethel, Launceston. Plush cushion with roses and wattle. 
Highly commended. 

Brickhill, Frank L., Launceston. Macrame bracket drape Highly 
commended. 

Venus, May, Launceston. Crotchet wool tea cosey Highly com- 
mended. 

Pascoe, Ella, Launceston. Child's shirt Highly commended. 

Vincent, Miss, Launceston. Fancy and plain needlework by children 
under 13 years of age First award. 

Hutchinson, May, Hobart. Child's dress and hat First award. 

Hutchinson, Eva J., Hobart. Two knitted guernseys and a crotchet 
tea cosey First award. 

Barton, Mary, Ravenswood. Lady's set of handsewn underlinen. 
Special first award. 

Styant-Browne, Mrs. Emma, Launceston. Woolwork picture from 
painting by Landseer First award. 

Dunning, Mrs., sen., Launceston. Handworked quilt First award. 

Fletcher, Clara Kate, Launceston. Gum and wattle mantel drape on 
plush First award. 

Murrell, Mrs. Winifred, Launceston, Cone frame First award. 

Penneyston, Mrs., Beaconsfield. Two patchwork counterpanes 
First award. 

Pagan, Mrs. Alicia, Launceston. Picture needlework, blue gumtree 
blossom First award. Picture needlework, wattle blossom Highly 
commended. 

Shearn, Mrs. M. A., Launceston. Tablecover knitted in one piece 
without seam or join First award. Knitted curtain made with crotchet 
cotton First award. Knitted counterpane without seam or join Second 
award. 

Tapp, Katie Venetia, Oatlands. Embroidered handkerchief mounted 
on yellow cushion First award. 

Percy, Amy L., Scottsdale. Necklace made of vertebrae of Tasmanian 
black snake Highly commended. 

Knight, Olive May, King's Road, Chelsea, England. Hospital scrip- 
ture text quilt First award. 

Gill, H. H., Hobart. Electric body belts for therapeutic purposes 
Special first award. 

McDonald, Mrs. J. T., Launceston. Berlin woolwork, " Rebecca at 
the Well," and " The Huguenots "Highly commended. 

Price, Mary, Launceston. Crazy patchwork counterpane and afternoon 
tea cosey Special first award. 

Stabb, Alma, Hobart. Worked fan pockets, cushion, and mantel 
drape First award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 77 

Beadle, J. Glass picture frame, showing the art of making an orna- 
mental frame from coloured glass First award. [The jurors in Class 
A. awarding a commendation for the picture, a group of flowers, 
whereas the exhibitor intended the frame only to be adjudicated.] 

Chatteris, Mrs. Henry, Paddington, Sydney. " Lett at home," a 
picture worked by hand in silk First award. 

John Earle and Jas. Billings, Hobart. Group of horns and hoofs 
First award. 

Whitfeld, Mabel. Handpainted (draped) gipsy table, variegated 
blackberry leaves and views Commended. 

Badcock, Kate, Glenore. Crochet antimacassar First award. 

Earle, John, Hobart. Stag's head First award. 

Robertson, C. E., Carrick. "Abraham offering Isaac," on satin 
Hon. mention. 

Matthews, Miss, Melbourne. Embroidered handkerchief Com- 
mended. 

Marchant, A. E., Mole Creek. Model of a lady's boot carved in coal 
with a penknife ; cork model of the Clifton Rocks, England Highly 
commended. 

Twomey, J., Melbourne. Christmas, New Year, and other cards, 
made of Australian and New Zealand ferns First award. 

Stewart, Mrs. James, Scottsdale. Crazy patchwork quilt First award. 

Wellwisher, H., Carrick. Birdcage Highly commended. 

Jones, Esther T., George Town. Fancy work First award. 

Marsh, W. R., Launceston. Specimens of silk weaving, " Exhibition, 
1851," " Portrait of the Duke of Wellington" First award. 

Devall, M. F., Launceston. Collection of shells arranged as a picture 
frame First award. Group of waterlilies and foliage worked in 
arascene Highly commended. 

Symons, Mrs., Victoria. Artificial flowers in wax and paper First 
award. 

Gow, David, Sydney. Dairy utensils, butter prints (designs carved 
by hand), butter pats, etc. Special first award. 

Davies, Ann Jane, Launceston. Knitted counterpane Special first 
award. 

Room, Mrs. D., Mayfield. Wax flowers Special first award. Orna- 
mental shells and seaweed First award for collective exhibit. Macrame 
mantel drape Highly commended. 

Drewery, Annie L., General Hospital, Launceston. Cotton crochet 
bed quilt First award. 

Dobson, Mrs. A., Deloraine. Crochet work First award. 

Webb, Mrs. Nina, South Melbourne. Machine work, embroidery 
Special first award. Lace making Special first award. Crewel work 
Special first award. Writing on handkerchiefs Special first award. 
[The judges make special reference to embossing on net, also to speed 
attained by the exhibitor in performing allotted task, viz., 59 seconds, 
and to her excellent writing.] 

Nichols, Mabel C. B., Blackwood Park, Castra. Patchwork quilt 
First award. 

Mansell, Hunt, Catty, and Co., London. Paper table decorations, 
lace papers, dish collars, ice cups, bottle caps, etc. Special first award. 

Webb, Thomas, and Sons, Stourbridge, England. Lamp shades 
made of the new pleated paper Special first award. 



7 g OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Howard, Mary Flora, Launceston. Arascene sunflower cushion First 
award. 

Warland, Ruth M., Mount Stewart Road, Hobart. Plain and fancy 
knitting First award. 

Whitfeld, Septima, Silwood,Carrick. Drawing-room ornament covered 
with moss and stones Highly commended. 

Evans, Isaac, Birmingham. Registered designs in ladies' belts made 
of best English leather, men's belts, rug straps, cigar and cigarette cases, 
purses, etc. Special first award. 

Kirkby, Beard, and Co., Birmingham. Needles, hairpins, pins 
(speciality, the self-threading needle and the scientific hairpin) Special 
first award. 

Hudson, Kate, Launceston. Handpainted vases First award. 

Mitchell, Mrs. Mary, Deloraine. Knitted counterpanes, antimacassars, 
pillowcases, and sachets to match First award. 

Kenworthy, Rosina, Launceston. Raised wattle blossom, worked in 
wool and silk on velvet First award. 

Irvine, Mrs. C. J., Launceston. Collection of shells, seaweed, and 
pebbles from Tamar Heads and East Beach ; group of seaweed and wild 
flowers from Tamar Heads ; group of ferns from Hokitika, New 
Zealand ; group of wild flowers from Brighton, Victoria Special first 
award. 

Frost, L. M., Launceston. Patchwork counterpane of silk, containing 
1050 pieces Special first award. 

Koch, Julius, Melbourne. Embroidery by machine First award for 
moss embroidery. 

Cutler, M. S. and E., Hamilton-on-Forth. Writing on pocket hand- 
kerchief by embroidery machine First award. Embroidery crazy cover 
(outlining in colours on net) by embroidery machine Special first 
award. 

Zech, A. J., Fitzroy, Victoria. Embroidery- writing on handkerchiefs, 
executed by Miss Eldred, 16 years of age Second award. 

Holmes, Miss, Melbourne. Writing on handkerchiefs by embroidery 
machine Highly commended. 

Paton, R. P., Hobart. Beadwork pockets First award. 

Paton, S., Hobart. Gum and wattle cushion top First award. 

Potts, Dorothy, Launceston. Wool cushions, plush bracket, satin 
bracket, tea cosey (beaded) Hon. mention. 

Hunt, Mrs., Launceston. A bead vase First award. 



GROUP D. TEXTILE FABRICS, CLOTHING, ETC. 

The entries in this Group were not as numerous as they might have 
been. 

In Class 26 Clark and Co., of Paisley, Scotland, had the monopoly, 
showing, as they do at all International Exhibitions, a most complete 
collection of sewing cottons of every possible kind, whether for hand or 
machine work. 

Messrs. Farrelly, Stewart, and Co., of Brisbane Street, Launceston, 
and Messrs. R. F. Forster and Co., of Birmingham, exhibited trunks, 
portmanteaus, hat boxes, and a variety of travelling appliances. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 79 

Victoria contributed some excellent exhibits in tents, tarpaulins, water 
bags, canvas hose, and well-finished oilskin clothing. 

A grand show of ready-made clothing from Sargood, Butler, and Co., 
of Melbourne, and another from Dodgshun, Sons, and Co., of Launces- 
ton, have taken high-class awards. 

In boots and shoes Mr. Coutts, of Brisbane Street, displayed a collec- 
tion showing that there are workmen in Tasmania capable of turning 
out first-class articles, quite equal in finish or style to any of the imported 
goods. 

CLASS XXVI. Cotton, Cotton Fabrics, pure and mixed. 

Clark and Co., Paisley, Scotland. Sewing cotton for hand or machine 
use, knitting, crochet, embroidery, macrame, darning, and every variety 
of cotton thread First award. 

CLASS XXVIII. Wool, and all Woollen Fabrics, 
Flannels, Tweeds, etc. 

Bulman, Peter, Launceston. Collection of woollen goods, blankets, 
twilled and plain flannels, tweeds, shawls, etc. Special first award. 

Hamlyn Bros., England. Serges and estamenes Special first award. 

Appleby, Curtis, and Co., England. Woollen and worsted suitings 
Special first award. 

MERINO WOOL, UNWASHED. 
Section i. Six Fleeces, Unskirted, Ewes of any age. 

Lewis, William, Stoneleigh, Beaufort, Victoria. Wool from sheep 
bred from the Studley stud flock, bred by exhibitor ; 368 days growth, 
paddocked ; age of sheep, 2 years and 3 months Special first award. 

Russell, Philip, Carngham, Victoria. Wool from pure Merinos bred 
by exhibitor ; 371 days growth ; housed 6 months ; age of sheep, over i-fc 
years First award for Victoria. 

Clarke, George C., East Talgai, Hendon, Queensland. Wool from 
pure Merinos bred by exhibitor from pure Tasmanian blood, principally 
from the St. Johnstone and Mona Vale studs; about 360 days growth; 
mixed ages First award for Queensland. 

Gibson, James, Belle Vue, Epping, Tasmania. Wool from sheep 
descended from German sheep imported about 50 years back, and 
improved by selection ever since ; bred by exhibitor ; 370 days growth ; 
about 1 5 months old ; paddocked Special first award for Tasmania. 

Archer, Joseph, Panshanger, Longford, Tasmania. Wool from sheep 
in Panshanger stud flock; 365 days growth ; age of sheep, 2 years and 2 
months; paddocked, housed from September 24, 1891; bred by exhi- 
bitor First award for Tasmania. 

Section 2. Six Fleeces, Unskirted, from two-toothed 
Ewes which have been shorn as lambs. 

Clarke, George C., East Talgai, Hendon, Queensland. Wool from 
pure Merino sheep bred from pure Tasmanian blood, principally from 
St. Johnstone and Mona Vale studs ; about 360 days growth ; mixed 
ages Hon. mention for Queensland. 



80 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Gatenby, Herbert, Rhodes, Longford, Tasmania. Wool from sheep 
by pure Merino rams and pure Merino ewes; 371 days growth; 15 
months old ; paddocked ; bred by exhibitor First award for Tasmania. 

Gatenby, Herbert, Rhodes, Longford, Tasmania. Wool from sheep 
by pure Merino rams and pure Merino ewes; 371 days growth; 15 
months old ; paddocked ; bred by exhibitor Honourable mention for 
Tasmania. 

Gibson, James, Belle Vue, Epping, Tasmania. Wool from sheep 
descended from German sheep imported about 50 years back, and 
improved by selection ever since ; bred by exhibitor ; 370 days growth ; 
about 1 5 months old ; paddocked Special first award for Tasmania. 

Gibson, James, Belle Vue, Epping, Tasmania. Wool from sheep 
descended from German sheep imported about 50 years back, and 
improved by selection ever since ; bred by exhibitor; 370 days growth ; 
age of sheep, about 15 months; paddocked Second award for Tas- 
mania. 

Lewis, William, Stoneleigh, Beaufort, Victoria. Wool from sheep 
bred from the Studleigh stud flock; bred by exhibitor; 369 days growth; 
paddocked ; age of sheep, i year and 7 months Special first award for 
Victoria. 

Section 3. Six Fleeces of Rams' Wool, Unskirted. 

Russell, P., Carngham, Victoria. Wool from pure Merino sheep bred 
by exhibitor ; 371 days growth ; age of sheep, over i years ; housed six 
months Special first award for Victoria. 

Lewis, William, Stoneleigh, Beaufort, Victoria Champion Prize for 
all the Colonies. 

Younghusband and Co. Limited, Melbourne. 30 samples of wool, 
season 1891-92 ; collective exhibit Special first award. 

CLASS XXX. Hosiery and Underclothing. 

Thompson, W. S., and Co., Limited, London. Corsets, busks, and 
hosiery First award. 

CLASS XXXI. Clothing for both sexes, Boots and 
Shoes, Artificial Flowers, Hair, Wigs, etc. 

India-rubber and Gutta-percha Telegraph Works, Melbourne. General 
collection of india-rubber goods First award. 

Farrelly, Stewart, and Co., Launceston. Two complete suits of livery 
Second award. 

Sargood, Butler, and Nichol, Melbourne. Men's and boys' manufac- 
tured clothing, shirts, hats, and ties Special first award. 

Newton, E. E., and Sons, Cressy, Tasmania. Boots, leather, leggings, 
etc. Highly commended for imported and colonial goods. 

Dempster and Co., Launceston. Bridal costume First award. 

McLaren and Co., Melbourne. Waterproof oilskin clothing First 
award. 

Dodgshun, Sons, and Co., Launceston. Clothing First award. * 
Cputts, George, Launceston. Boots and shoes First award. 
Wemgott and Sons, Sydney. Waterproof clothing, cloaks, and leg- 
gingsSpecial first award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 8l 

CLASS XXXII. Jewelry, other than Gold and Silver, 
Platedware, Jet, Amber, Coral, Mother-of- 
Pearl, Steel, Precious Stones (real and imita- 
tion). 

Angelo, Santfftnaria, and Co. (of Rome), London. Cameo shells 
First award. 

Koch, Julius, Melbourne. Agate jewelry First award. 

Thuriet and Bardach, Vienna. Imitation jewelry First award. 

Zech, A. T., Victoria. Amber jewelry First award. Patent revolving 
pins Special first award. 

Collard and Renon, Paris. Gold jewelry First award. 

Lazard, Paris. Watch chains First award. 

Plumet, Paris. Jewelry mounted in imitation, diamonds, enamel 
flowers, bracelets, lockets First award. 

Caron, P., Paris. Jewelry mounted in imitation, precious stones, etc. 
First award. 

Regad, A., Fils^ Paris. Imitations of all known precious stones First 
award. 

CLASS XXXIII. Portable Weapons (Guns, Pistols, 
Sidearms) ; Hunting and Sporting Equipments. 

Ferguson, J. C., and Co., Brisbane Street, Launceston. Case of guns 
by W. W. Scott and Co. First award. Case of guns and rifles by W. 
W. Greener First award for breechloaders. 

Joyce, F., and Co. Limited, Waltham Abbey Works, London. 
Sporting ammunition Special first award. 

Ward and Sons, Birmingham. Sporting rifles First award. 

Ferguson, John C., and Co., Launceston. One case guns and 
revolvers made by William Cashmore, Birmingham, showing variety of 
grade in breechloading hammer and hammerless guns Special first 
award. [The jurors draw attention to the excellence of workmanship 
in these guns.] 

CLASS XXXIV. Travelling and Camp Equipage, 
Tents, etc. 

Farrelly, Stewart, and Co., Launceston. Travelling bags, portman- 
teaus, trunks, etc. First award. 

Hall, A. J., Launceston. Opossum rugs Second award. 

Hart Cycle Company Limited, Wolverhampton. Bicycles First 
award for cheapness of exhibit. 

Foster, R., and Co., Birmingham. Trunks and safes First award. 
Bicycles Special first award. 

McLaren and Co., Melbourne. Tarpaulins, canvas hose, and water 
bags First award. 

Morgan, Wm., Melbourne. Tents, camp equipments, and flags 
First award. 

Cook, J., and Sons, Limited, Glenorchy. Furs and rugs First 
award. 



8 2 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

CLASS XXXV. Toys, Dolls, Playthings, etc. 

Perry, John, Limited, Melbourne. Indian clubs of colonial woods 
First award. 

Crouiser Aine, Paris. Animal toys First award. 

Martin Oreste, Paris. Musical balloons First award. 

Barre, M., Paris. Toys First award. 

White, R. P., Fitzroy, Victoria. Tops, etc. First award. 

Zech A. J., Fitzroy, Victoria. Patent tops, etc. First award. 



GROUP . MINERALS, ORES: CRUDE AND 
SMELTED. 

This portion of the Exhibition presented a thoroughly representative 
collection, both as regards quality and the quantity of the various forms 
in which metallic minerals occur in this island. The intention from the 
first was to make it essentially of an economic character, so that the 
public at large could appreciate the stability of our mining industry. 
With this object in view, elaborate scientific detail in the classification of 
the various exhibits was looked upon as of secondary importance. The 
court, as a whole, clearly establishes the extensive and varied auriferous 
resources of the colony ; and there is every reason to believe that a vast 
amount of good has already resulted from the display it presented in the 
Exhibition. It is certainly gratifying to know that the large amount of 
attention paid to it both by the local public and visitors from the other 
colonies clearly indicated the interest it created. The massive exhibits 
shown must have resulted in permanent benefit to Tasmania, whilst those 
of a scientific character were critically examined by many educated 
people who were comparative strangers to the colony, including a num- 
ber of visitors to the Science Congress which was held in Hobart in the 
early part of the year. The high praise so generally bestowed clearly 
proves that the Commissioners acted wisely in proportioning so large 
an extent of space for this important display. 

A thoroughly qualified mining authority was in constant attendance 
(at the expense of the companies exhibiting), and he furnished valuable 
information to enquirers in regard to the extent as well as the values of 
the ores exhibited. It is satisfactory to think that in all cases the awards 
were given with justice and discretion, and met with the approval of the 
various companies and private individuals exhibiting. They were con- 
sidered purely on their merits, so that a fairly equitable arrangement 
was adopted, and where an exhibit was not of really first-class character 
as regards display, bulk, and apparent intrinsic value, the record of the 
claim and locality from which it was obtained were not taken into con- 
sideration. 

GOLD. 

Unfortunately but few of our companies were fairly represented, but 
the display made by the leading company the Tasmania was of a 
comprehensive character. The exhibit comprised a large gilded obelisk 
representing the bulk amount of gold obtained from the mine since its 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 83 

commencement. This was erected on a base on which was displayed a 
varied assortment of the auriferous matrix, such as is the average derived 
from the mine ; whilst there were also shown cards giving full statistics 
of the returns from this our most important gold mine. Close by was 
shown a large bulk sample of the same material, much of which gave 
abundant evidence of its rich character. The New Golden Gate Com- 
pany, Mathinna, exhibited lode stuff, and the New Castray Company, 
Whyte River, showed an instructive series, displaying the peculiar 
auriferous tufaceous rock and alluvial drift overcapping the same, and 
also an ingot of retorted gold. The New Pinafore Company, Lefroy, 
exhibited from time to time ingots of gold produced from the mine, the 
last of which represented the bulk weight of 1,020 tons of quartz, being 
an average of iQdwts. iSgrs. to the ton. The Volunteer, Lefroy, one 
of the most recent additions to the long list of mining companies in this 
island, exhibited some interesting samples from their property, being 
portions of a bulk quantity taken out of the claim, 33 tons of which gave 
a return of 241 ozs. 8 dwts., or an average of 7 oz. 6 dwt. i gr. to the ton. 
It is to be regretted that many other prominent companies were no^ 
represented, and that a few of those which were did not display anything 
like the exhibits that the occasion warranted. At the same time, suffi- 
cient examples were shown, and satisfactory information was diffused, 
to prove beyond all doubt that Tasmania is richly endowed with the 
precious metal. 

SILVER. 

In this division a display worthy of the marvellous developments of 
the last three years was shown, and a great many companies, at con- 
siderable trouble and expense, combined and made an impressive 
exhibit of their argentiferous wealth ; and where such general unanimity 
existed, it would be invidious to particularise that of any one company. 
It was considered advisable to erect a large massive trophy, so that, 
simultaneously, solid bulk samples, as well as the diverse nature of the 
ore, could be displayed, and this was so satisfactorily carried out that the 
conjoint effort of the companies presented a huge mass weighing con- 
siderably over 80 tons. This was made the more valuable by being 
flanked with elaborate glass cases displaying an educational series of 
the more valuable and associated minerals peculiar to a silver field. A 
large quantity of the ore thus shown, and the cases just referred to, 
were provided at the expense of the Department of Mines, and the 
thanks of the community are due to that branch of the Civil Service for 
the valuable assistance rendered, both in this special feature and in 
other portions of the Tasmanian Mineral Court. An interesting feature 
in the Court was a very neat and instructive display, of a somewhat novel 
nature, made by the Bank of Australasia. The happy idea occurred to 
Mr. O. C. Williams, manager of the Launceston branch of the institu- 
tion, that corresponding collections from the Broken Hill and Tasmanian 
silver fields, if shown in juxtaposition, would be interesting. This was 
acted upon, and the public verdict has been that a more thoughtful 
arrangement could scarcely have been made ; whilst many visitors were 
impressed with the peculiar similitude of the silver-bearing samples 
from Broken Hill and those of the silver field on the west coast of this 
island. Messrs. Stitt and Collingswoith, of Zeehan, at some consider- 

G2 



84 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

able amount of trouble and pecuniary outlay, got together an elaborate 
series of all the mineral species hitherto discovered in that portion of the 
colony, and with commendable generosity presented it to the Mines 
Department. 

TIN. 

The display made in this section was individually small, but the world- 
famed Mount Bischoff Company made a representation which was in 
every way worthy of its wealth and position as the foremost mining 
company in Tasmania. The exhibit was highly interesting to the 
general public, and instructive to more studious visitors. The display 
consisted of a huge pyramidal structure, adorned with splashings of 
frondose metallic tin, around the base of which was arranged a wall-like 
mass of ingots, and on the top of these were glass cases showing the 
various grades of dressed black tin and crushed lode stuff. There was 
a further display of the peculiar forms of lode stuff occurring at Mount 
Bischoff. The mineral associates and country rocks were exhibited in 
huge bulk samples, of great scientific importance, many of which, in a 
few years time, will become most difficult to duplicate. The company 
also exhibited ingeniously-constructed models of the ore-crushing and 
tin-dressing appliances used at the mine, and excellent portraits of Mr. 
F. W. Kayser, the manager, and Mr. James Smith, the discoverer, of 
the mine. The Great Republic Company, Ben Lomond, made a nice 
display, which at a glance gave a clear idea of the tin-bearing lode stuff 
crude, dressed, and prepared for market, with an illustrative series of 
lode associations peculiar to the district in which the mine is situated. 
Displays of a creditable character were also made by the Granite Bar, 
Great Western, Lone Hand, Fly-by-Night, and other companies, but it 
is to be regretted that many prominent properties were not represented. 
To Mr. H. Grant, of St. Helens, thanks are due for procuring what was 
termed the Portland Mineral Trophy. This really valuable display com- 
prised samples from many lode and alluvial mining companies working 
in the north-eastern portion of the colony, systematically and neatly 
arranged, so as to form an instructive whole. Had it not been for the 
foresight of this gentleman, many interesting features in our tin mining 
industry would have been wanting in the Exhibition. 

CLASS XXXVI. Collection of Rocks, Mineral Ores, 
Stones, Refractory Substances, Earths and 
Clays, Rock Salt, Mineral Fuels, Asphalt, 
Bitumen, Mineral Tar, Petroleum, etc.; Process 
of Washing and Extracting Precious Metals ; 
Metals in Crude as well as Manufactured ; 
Tools, and all kinds of Hardware. 

Castray Gold Mining Company, Launceston. Gold matrix in lode 
and alluvial, with samples of gold extracted therefrom Hiffhlv com- 
mended. 

Tasmania Gold Mining Company Limited, Launceston. Trophy, 
specimens of ore, gold, etc., from the Company's lode at Beaconsfield 
Special first award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 85 

Tasmanian Gold and Bismuth Association. Native bismuth, horn- 
blendic matrix Highly commended. 

Petterd, W. F., Launceston. Tasmanian gems, cut and in the rough 
native condition Special first award. General collection of minerals, 
principally Tasmanian First award. 

Bank of Australasia, Launceston. Collection of Broken Hill (N.S.W.) 
and West Coast (Tasmania) mineral specimens Second award. 

Comet Prospecting Association. Samples of argentiferous ores from 
the Company's claim at Dundas First award. 

Heazlewood Silver Mining Company, Burnie. Silver-lead ore from 
the Company's sections Third award. 

New Silver Stream Silver Mining Company, Zeehan. Fine grained 
galena ore from the Company's mine Second award. 

North Grubb Silver Mining Company, Zeehan. Ore from the Com- 
pany's mine Second award. 

North Silver Stream Silver Mining Company, Zeehan. Ore from the 
Company's mine Second award. 

Oceana Silver Mining Company, Zeehan. Mineral specimens from 
the Company's claim Commended. 

Silver Queen Prospecting Association, Zeehan. Silver-lead ore from 
the mine Second award. 

Western Silver Mining Company. Argentiferous galena and associated 
minerals First award. 

Success Extended Silver Mining Company, Dundas. Silver ore in 
galena Third award. 

Sylvester Silver Mining Company, Zeehan. Silver-bearing ore 
First award. 

Whyte River Silver Mining Company. Samples of argentiferous ores 
First award. 

Grant, Henry, St. Helens. Specimens representative of the tin 
deposits of the Blue Tier First award. 

Great Republic Tin Mining Company. Cabinet containing stone 
from the lode, dressed ore, and metal First award. 

Lone Hand Tin Mining Company. Blocks of lode from the Com- 
pany's mine at Ringarooma Commended. 

Mount Bischoff Tin Mining Company. Trophy Special first a\vard. 

Cornwall Coal Company, Launceston. Coal pyramid Second award. 

Wickham and Bullock Island Coal Company Limited, Newcastle, 
N.S.W. Two sections of coal, weight four tons First award. 

Blackman, J.T., Launceston. Collection of paints, pigments, chrome, 
etc., purely Tasmanian products First award. Hematite iron ore 
Hon. mention. 

Glenarnock Iron and Steel Company, Glenarnock. Pig iron, steel, 
etc. First award. 

Purified Coal and Coke Company, N.S.W. Purified or washed coal 
and coke Second award. 

Kalsomine and Metallic Faint Company, N.S.W. Paint, ochres, and 
disinfecting kalsomine Third award. 

Australian Kerosene Oil and Mineral Company, N.S.W. Kerosene 
shale and stearine retorted from the shale First award. 

Minister of Mines, Sydney. General collection of economic minerals 
and collection of alluvial and reef gold Special first award. 



86 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Carter, Robert, Launceston. Specimens of silver from Balstrup's 
Manganese Silver Mining Company Second award. 

Price, Robert H., Launceston. Collection of mineral specimens 
Third award. 

Whittle, B. H., Evandale. Collection of ores and minerals Third 
award. 

Bernacchi, Signor, Spring Bay. Natural Portland cement, crude and 
prepared First award. 

Edgell, B. H. and L. V., Launceston. Mineral and geological speci- 
mens Commended. 

Mintaro Slate Quarry Company, Melbourne. South Australian slate 
Highly commended. 

Mudgee Sharpening Stone Company, Sydney. Carpenters' sharpening 
stones, slip stones, shearing and grinding wheels, etc. First award. 

United Asbestos Company, London. Italian asbestos and all kinds 
of asbestos goods First award. 

Keen, Robinson, and Bellville, London. Keen's Oxford blue, A.D. 
1742 First award. 

Patent Borax Company, Birmingham. Borax crystals, prepared 
Californian borax, borax starch glaze, borax sanitary powder First 
award. 

Clausen, Chr., Hamburg. Patent asphalt Highly commended. 

Stokes's Patent Nail Company, N.S.W. Nails First award. 

Executive Commissioner for N.S.W. Cheap tools for carpenters and 
bushmen Highly commended. 

Sybry, Searls, and Co., Sheffield. Steel and steel goods First award. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for T. and W. Smith) . 
Wire ropes and cables for hauling, winding, and other purposes First 
award. 

Melbourne Glass Bottle Company, Spottiswoode. Glass bottles 
First award. 

Jackson, F., Launceston. Brass locks, tills, cupboards, iron safes, 
padlocks, etc. First award. 

Bernacchi, Signor, Maria Island. White freestone First award. 

Blenkhorn, James, Railton. Lime First award. 

Fysh Bros., Oatlands. Brown freestone Hon. mention. 

Walker, J., Ross. White freestone Hon. mention. 

Launceston City Corporation. Bluestone Hon. mention. 

Blackman, James Thomas. Hematite iron or oxide of iron First 
award. 

Kalsomine Metallic Paint Company, Sydney, N.S.W. Kalsomine 
First award for New South Wales. 

Purified Coal and Coke Company, N.S.W. Coke Special first 
award. [The jurors beg to note the excellent quality of this coke, as 
being well adapted for smelting purposes.] 

The Mole Creek and Zeehan Mineral Prospecting and Exploration 
Company Limited. Blocks of cannel coal or mineral oil shale from the 
Company's claim, Barn Bluff, near Mount Pelion Special first award 
for Tasmania. 

Mahony Myles, Westbury. One ton of copper ore from the Pandora 
Company, Frankford Highly commended. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 87 

CLASS XXXVII. Products of Forestry, Specimens of 
Timber ; Wood for Cabinet-work, for Building 
and other purposes ; Colouring and Resinous 
Substances, Charcoal, Dried Wood, Potash, 
Turnery, Straw Work, etc. 

Trustees Tasmanian Museum, Hobart. Tasmanian Timber Trophy, 
designed by G. S. Perrin, F.L.S., Conservator of Forests of Victoria, late 
Conservator of Forests of Tasmania Special first award. 

Von Mueller, Baron F., P.H. and M.D., Phytologic Museum, Vic- 
toria. Samples of woods Special first award. [The jurors desire to 
place on record the excellent manner in which the various woods of the 
Colonies have been exhibited by Baron Von Mueller.] 

New Zealand Midland Railway, New Zealand. Marketable timbers, 
rough and polished, veneering woods, picture frames, Venetian blinds, 
bent timbers, etc. Special first award. 

Skinner, J. T. H., and Co., East Dereham. Fretwork materials, 
three-ply wood First award. 

Cotton, A. B., Riversdale, Tasmania. Bark for tanning purposes, i 
sack First award. 

Cotton, Joseph, Glen Heroit, Cranbrook, Tasmania. Black wattle 
bark for tanning purposes Hon. mention. 

Sidebottom, W., Launceston. Wattle bark samples Special first 
award. 

CLASS XXXVIII. Products of Hunting, Fishing, etc. ; 
Collections or Drawings of Terrestrial and 
Amphibious Animals, Birds' Eggs, Fishes, 
Mollusca, and Crustacea ; Furs and Skins, 
Undressed Feathers, Horn, Teeth, Ivory, Tor- 
toiseshell, Sponges ; Guns, Traps, Snares, 
Fishing Nets, Lines, Hooks, etc. 

Bartleet and Son, Abbey Mills, Redditch, England. Fishing tackle, 
needles, etc. Special first award. 

New South Wales Executive Commissioner, Sydney. Cockatoos, 
cockatoo parrots, Blue Mountain and other New South Wales live birds, 
exhibited in aviary of New South Wales Court First award. 

Rohn, A. T., Sydney. Two glass cases of New South Wales birds, 
rug made of 145 opossum tails, white kangaroo, rock wallaby, two 
stuffed diamond snakes, native bear and young, kangaroo rat, twenty- 
three pieces assorted curios Special first award. 

New South Wales Government Fisheries Department, Sydney. Pho- 
tographs of New South Wales fish, set of paintings of New South Wales 
food fishes, prepared maps showing the oyster fisheries of New South 
Wales, collection of New South Wales fish preserved in spirits (to be 
judged as a collective exhibit) Special first award. 

Carr, Thomas, Brisbane Street, Launceston. Trout from Great Lake 
Hon. mention. Collective exhibit, stuffed fish and birds First award. 



88 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

CLASS XXXIX. Agricultural Products not used for 
food ; raw Cotton, Flax, Hemp, and other 
Fibres ; Wool, washed and greasy ; Pharma- 
ceutical substances ; Tobacco, raw and manu- 
factured ; Tanning and Dyeing substances ; 
Preserved Fodder, and substances for Feeding 
Cattle, Sheep, Dogs, etc. 

Miller, James, and Co., Melbourne. Manilla rope, rope from N.Z. 
flax, shop twine, mats and matting, hemp, jute First award. Tarred 
rope, coir Second award. Reaper and binder twine First award. 

Donaghy, M., and Sons, Geelong. Manilla rope, rope from N.Z. 
flax Second award. Reaper and binder twine First award. Coir 
rope, bolb rope, halyard line, and deep sea line First award. 

Cleghorn, W., jun., Dundee. Jute and oakum First award. Engine- 
cleaning waste First award. 

Brain, E., Tunbridge. Rope halters made from N.Z. rope Second 
award. 

M'Connaghy, Michael, Invalid Depot, Launceston. Rope halters 
First award for excellence of workmanship. 

Tasmanian Soap and Candle Company Limited, Launceston and 
Hobart. "Aame"' stearine candles, " R. D." stearine candles, finest 
stearine especially made for miners' use Special first award for quality 
and cheapness. Fluted and plain " Owl'' wax candles, composite can- 
dles ("Emu "brand, made of wax and stearine) First award. Soda 
crystals (washing soda) Second award. Laundry soap, " Marvel " 
soap, " Gold Medal " soap, blue mottled soap First award. 

Imm-anuel and Duswald, Frankfort. Perfumery and toilet soaps in 
artistic designs First award. 

Alsing and Co., Limited, London. Paper made from wood pulp 
Special first award. 

Clarkson, A., and Co., West Cowes, England. Ointment and cattle 
medicine First award. Patent medicine, " Painkiller "First award. 

Moslem Cigarette Company Limited, London. Turkish cigarettes- 
Special first award. Cut tobacco, Turkish tobacco Special first award. 
Cigars First award. 

Ness and Co., Darlington. Disinfectant powder First award. Hemo- 
Cresol, the universal purifier First award. 

^ Nicholls, William, and Co., Chippenham. Fluid extract of annatto 
First awa^d. 

Solomon, Cox, and Co., Melbourne. Solution for horses, cattle, and 
dogs ; also for human application First award. 

Rosenthal, Aronson, and Co., Launceston. Olfato cigars First 
award. 

McLaren and Co., Melbourne. Canvas Special first award. 

Morgan and Co., Melbourne. Canvas First award. 

Prices Patent Candle Company, Battersea, London. Cloth oils, 
machinery oils First award. Stearine, paraffine, ceratine First award 
tor collective exhibit. Candles in all forms and qualities, hand-painted 
candles, nightlights Special first award for collective exhibit. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 89 

Lloyd, Frank, and Co., New South Wales. Horse and cattle food 
First award. 

Walden, J., Launceston. Naphthaline First award. Samples of oils 
First award. 

Gould, H. T., and Co., Hobart. Eucalyptus globulus (blue gum) 
distilled from Tasmanian trees, and various preparations of E. globulus 
Special first award for Tasmania. [The jurors are pleased to call 
special attention to the above exhibit as being a new industry in Tas- 
mania, calculated to be of general service in medicine, and a valuable 
item of export.] 

Bosisto, J., and Co., Richmond, Victoria. Acacia mollissima catechu 
for tanners First award. [The jury are of opinion that if the above 
could be supplied at a reasonable price it would be most advantageous 
to tanners.] Eucalyptus balsam, for veterinary purposes First award. 

Bigg, Mr. Sheep dip, specific for scab Second award. 

Draper and Jones, Melbourne. Hakeman's sheep dip Hon. men- 
tion. 

Walden, J., Launceston. Grass-tree gum, exuded from the tree, 
habitat Northern Tasmania, soluble in alcohol, and then forms a polish 
for furniture First award. 

Hart, W., and Sons, Laumceston. Quibell's sheep dip Special first 
award. 

Ness and Co., Darlington. Sheep dip Second award. 



CLASS XL. Leather and Skins : Tanned, Curried, 
Dressed, and Dyed Leather ; Varnished or 
Patent Leather ; Morocco and Sheepskins ; 
Skins Grained, Chamoyed, Tanned, Dressed, 
or Dyed. 

Walden, James, Launceston. Collection of skins, raw and manufac- 
tured First award for collection of skins, pelts, etc. 

Cook, J., and Sons Limited, Glenorchy. Leather in various branches 
tanned, dressed, and dyed Special first award for the varied and 
excellent collection of leather, from the hide to the finished basils. 

Dale, John T., London. Dubbin for softening and preserving leather 
First award. Kid reviver for boots and shoes First award. High 
preservative for leather bags, trunks, etc. First award. 

Arnold's Compressed Leather Company, N.S.W. Compressed leather 
First award for an excellent process for utilising refuse leather. 

Radke, A. W., near Sydney. Leather mill belting, wire and hemp 
stitched or lace sewn, belt leather, and lace leather Special first award 
for mill belting only. 

Ludowici, J. C., and Son Limited, Sydney. General collection of 
belting Special first award for collective exhibit of leather work of all 
descriptions. 



go OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

GROUP F. MACHINERY, ETC. 

This section of the Tasmanian International Exhibition, which occu- 
pied the large transversal annexe at the end of the Avenue of Nations, 
was undeniably the most complete and most attractive part of the whole. 

In this Group Great Britain and the Australian Colonies occupied a 
large space; here, also, some local firms made a most creditable 
display. 

Messrs. Davey, Paxman, and Co., of Colchester, Tangye and Co., 
Hornsby, Ransomes and Sims, and other British firms, were duly and 
largely represented. Victoria, South Australia, and New Zealand held 
their own in agricultural as well as mining machinery. In that line there 
was a grand display made by Messrs. A. G. Webster and Co., of Hobart, 
Messrs. Ferguson and Co. and Hart and Sons, of Launceston. 

Canada had a separate court for the display of agricultural imple- 
ments, which took high honours. 

In ploughs, Tasmania ran a close race with some Victorian exhibitors. 

In conclusion, a special notice must be taken of the exhibits from 
Mr. W. H. Knight, of the Phoenix Foundry, Launceston, who had a col- 
lection of locally-made engines of various descriptions, as well as first- 
rate specimens of castings, which deservedly won Speeial first class 
awards. 

One of the most interesting collections of useful machinery was that 
exhibited by Joseph Baker and Sons, of Flinders Lane, Melbourne, 
which was, during the whole period of the Exhibition, shown in full 
operation at Mr. Russen's Model Bakery. The Bailey-Baker patent 
continuous oven and the complete plant of biscuit-making machinery 
and baking appliances was one of the attractions of the Exhibition. Both 
the exhibitor of the machinery and the enterprising manufacturer who 
kept it at work for nearly four months deserved all the awards they 
have received. 

CLASS XLI. Mining and metallurgy; Boring Machines 
(Artesian, Diamond Drills, etc., for cutting 
Coal, Rocks, etc., for working Mines or Quar- 
ries ; appliances for Lowering and Hoisting 
Miners, Pumping Water, Ventilating Shafts, 
etc.; Safety Lamps, Apparatus for Saving Life, 
Apparatus for the Mechanical Dressing of 
Ores, Fuel for Metal Work of all kinds. 

Hornsby, Richard, and Sons Limited, Grantham, England. New 
Colonial winding and hauling engine Special first award for excellence 
of workmanship, strength, and quality of material. 

Knight, W. H., Launceston. One 4 h.p. vertical engine and steel 
boiler, with patent high speed governor and new and improved injector 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 91 

First award. One 4-h.p. horizontal steam engine and steel boiler 
First award. One 1 4-h.p. horizontal steam engine " Phoenix" Special 
first award. 

Cradock, George, and Co., Wakefield, England. Steel and iron wire 
r opes Special first award. 

McLaren and Co., Melbourne. Canvas buckets with valve at bottom, 
for mining purposes First award. 

Wallbridge and Co., Launceston. Water engine manufactured by 
A. T. Burt, Dunedin, New Zealand First award. 

Thompson and Co., Castlemaine, Victoria. Patent safety mining 
cage First award. Winding gear First award. 

Tangyes Limited, Melbourne. Tangye's improved patent sight-feed 
lubricator Special first award. Tangye's Tool holder First award. 
Amateur's lathe Highly commended. Engine for electric lighting, 
vertical engine with reversing gear, " Archer " engine coupled to cen- 
trifugal pump, centrifugal pump coupled to a Floyd's engine, circular 
saw, 4-h.p. Soho engine (used for dairying purposes) , two duplex pumps 
First award. Special pump with Holman's valves, Mark's double- 
purchase winch, single and double purchase winch, tripod jack, bottle 
jack, ratchet jack, bottle traverse jack 'Highly commended. Radial 
drilling machine, portable drilling machine, bench drilling machine, 
hydraulic jacks, and punching bear First award. 

Davey, Paxman, and Co., Colchester. Winding engine and winding 
drums Special first award. 

Smith, F. and W., Newcastle-on-Tyne. Wire ropes and cables for 
hauling and other purposes, ensilage stack press First award. 

Rand Drill and Rackarock Company, Melbourne. Little Giant rock 
drill Special first award. Acrobat Drill and stand for popping, No. 3 
Slugger mounted on column, pulveriser First award each. 

Fulton, G. E., and Co. Limited, Adelaide. Two 8-h.p. hoisting 
engines with double drums, fitted complete on cast-iron bed-plate. 
(Engines of this type are made up to 25-h.p.) First award for com- 
pactness of design and stability. 

Flood, Frederick, Melbourne. Patent waterlift and self-acting wind- 
mill sail First award. 

Evans, Joseph, and Sons, Wolverhampton. Steam pumps and hand 

pumps First award. 

Davidson and Brown, Hobart. Grinding and amalgamating pans. 
The tailings being crushed to a fine powder, all gold is saved and amal- 
gamated First award for wet grinding. 

Clarkson-Stanfield Concentrators, Limited, London. Clarkson-Stan- 
field dry ore concentrator and classifier, with working model of same 
First award. 

Bickford, Smith, and Co., Tucking Mill, Cornwall, England, and 
Sandhurst, Victoria. Bickford's patent safety fuse for use in all blasting 
operations, Bickford's patent ignitors and instantaneous fuse for firing 
simultaneously any number of holes Special first award. 



g 2 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

CLASS XLII. Agricultural I mplements,Tools, Machines, 
used in the Cultivation of Fields and Forests, 
in all branches of Husbandry (Sowing, Plant- 
ing, or Harvesting), whether worked by Hand, 
Horse, or Steam power ; Carts and other rural 
means of transport ; Manures, Organic or 
Mineral. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for Reid and Gray, Dunedin) . 
Chaffcutter First award. Disc narrow First award. Seed drill 
Special first award. Ploughs and harrows Special first award for col- 
lection. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for Pulsometer Engineering 
Company. Pulsometer First award. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for Bickle rock drill). Rock 
drill First award. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for R. Hornsby and Sons, 
Limited). Collection of single and double furrow ploughs First award 
as a collective exhibit. Strawsoniser First award. Traction engine 
First award. Portable engine First award. Colonial engine First 
award. Reaper and binder First award. Mowers Second award. 
Reapers and mowers Second award. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for S. L. Allan and Co., 
Philadelphia, U.S.A.) Planet Junior implements for field and garden 
First award. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for Barnard and Lake, 
England). Thatchmaker First award. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for the Aspinwall Manufac- 
turing Company, U.S.A.) Potato planter and fertiliser Special first 
award. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for Murray and Co., Scot- 
land). Crown threshing machines Highly commended. 

Harrap, Alfred, and Son, Launceston (agents for Booth, McDonald, 
and Co., New Zealand). Disc seed harrows First award. Iron wind- 
mill, built entirely of iron and steel Special first award. Deering all 
steel chain drive reaper and binder First award for durability and 
lightness of construction in steel and special bearings, with improved 
binder. Booth-McDonald double-furrow plough First award. Deering 
mower Special first award 

Ferguson, Mephan, Carlton, Victoria. Iron gates Highly com- 
mended. Water supply and irrigation pipes Special first award for 
collective exhibit. 

Beal, G. W., Melbourne. Automatic railway carriage lock Special 
first award. 

Davey, Paxman, and Co., Colchester, England. Portable single 
cylinder steam engine, with patent automatic governor Special first 
award. 

Trewhella Bros., Newbury, Victoria. Single and double purchase log 
jacks First award. 

Ross, E. W., and Co., New York. Chaff and fodder cutters Highly 
commended. 



TASMAN1AN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 93 

Morgan and Co., Melbourne, Victoria. Canvas hose and couplings 
Highly commended. Gymnasium fittings Highly commended. 

Titmus, L., Ulverstone. Iron plough Special first award. Wooden 
plough Excellent workmanship and high finish. 

Garde and Crystal, North Melbourne. Three-furrow plough First 
award. Double-furrow plough and single-furrow plough Second award 
each. 

Mitchell and Co., Melbourne. Double-furrow plough First award. 
Lennon, Hugh, Melbourne. Single-furrow plough for contractors' 
purposes First award. 

Ransomes, Sims, and Jeffries, Ipswich, England (Hinman and Wright, 
Launceston, agents). Lawn mowers First award. New Australasian 
threshing drum Special first award. Vertical engines Special first 
award. Portable engine Second award. 

Andrews and Beaven, Christchurch, New Zealand. Patent travelling 
self-bagging chaffcutter, horse gear, corncrushers, cleaners Special first 
award for collective exhibit. 

Blackwell, Henry, Bishopsbourne. Iron swing plough, made by 
exhibitor Highly commended. 

Danks, John, and Sons, Limited, Melbourne. Pumps First award. 
Sheet lead and pipes, engineers' and plumbers' brass-foundry First 
award for collective exhibit. Engineers' and plumbers' brass work 
First award. Sheet lead and pipes First award. Bells First award. 
Patent lawn sprinkler First award. 

Salisbury, Scott, and Co., Launceston. Fine perforated castings 
Special first award. Heavy mine pump machinery Special first award. 
Mason, F., Sydney. Langley wool press Special first award. Koerstz 
double acting pump Special first award. 

Hart, William, and Sons, Launceston. Walter A. Wood's reaper and 
binder First award. W. A. Wood's enclosed gear mower with reaping 
attachments Special first award. 

Buckeye Harvesting Company, Launceston. Reaper and binder 
First award for simplicity of construction and lightness of draught. 

Ferguson, J. C., and Co., Launceston. McCormick reaper and binder 
Special first award for construction and strength, coupled with sim- 
plicity. Harrison McGregor reaper and mower First award. McCor- 
mick iron mowing machine First award. 

Massey Manufacturing Co., Melbourne. Reaper and binder First 
award. 

Allen, Thomas, Emu Bay. The " Bushman's Friend," being a model 
showing how the " Shoe " used for felling trees is fixed to trees First 
award. 

Gow, William, Sydney. Butter prints, dairy utensils, and general 
wood turnery Special first award 

Anglo-Continental Guano Company, London. Ohlendorff's guano and 
manures First award for best collection of manures. 

Turner, Thos., and Co., London. First award for chemical artificial 
manures. 

Newey, R., and Sons, Launceston. Collection of manures and fer- 
tilisers Highly commended for the collection of various patent horti- 
cultural manures. 

Massey Manufacturing Company, Melbourne. Side delivery harvester 
First award. Sharp's self-dumping horse hayrake First award. 



94 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



Lennon, Hugh, Spottiswoode, near Melbourne. Single-furrow plough, 
cast D shares, made by exhibitor First award for excellent quality of 
material and manufacture. Double-furrow ploughs made by exhibitor 
Highly commended, the share being of superior manufacture, ensur- 
ing durability. 

CLASS XLIII. Apparatus and Processes used in Agri- 
cultural Work, and used for the Preparation of 
Food, including Milling Flour, Kneading, 
Baking, Ice-making, and Refrigerating Ma- 
chines. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart (agents for R. A. Lister and Co., 
Dursley). " Alexandra" centrifugal cream separators, for hand, horse, 
or steam power Special first award. " Triplex " horse gear for fast 
running machinery First award. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart. Cheese plant complete, by Lister 
and Co., Dursley, England Special first award. 

Jack Frost Freezing Company, Melbourne. Freezing machine for 
making ice, ice creams, fruit ices, etc. First award. 

Hunt, R., and Co., Earl's Colne, Essex. Atlas and Colonial chaff- 
cutter, for hand, horse, and steam power ; pony and horse gears, corn 
grinders, root slicers and graters Special first award for collective 
exhibit. 

Baker, J., and Sons, Flinders Lane, Melbourne. Bailey-Baker patent 
continuous oven First award. 

Russen, Charles, and Co., Wellington street, Launceston. Complete 
plant for biscuit manufacture, exhibited in motion and at work, from 
the mixing of the dough to the finish of the goods for market Special 
first award. 

Baker, Joseph, and Sons, Flinders Lane, Melbourne. Bailey-Baker 
patent plant of biscuit machinery, bread and cake machinery and bakery 
appliances, confectionery and ice cream machinery First award. 

Lempriere, W. J., and Co., Melbourne (agents for F. Selby and Co., 
Birmingham). Axles, springs, lamps, etc. First award. 

Buncle, John, and Son, North Melbourne. Combined crusher First 
award. Chaffcutter and bagfiller combined First award. Bark cutting 
machinery and disintegrator First award. Corncrushing machinery 
First award. Tobacco cutting machine Highly commended. Circular 
saw (for timber) with patent teeth to economise time and labour in set- 
tingHighly commended. Circular saw (for firewood) with patent 
teeth Highly commended. 

Andrews, Charles, Geelong. Patent cooking ranges First award. 

Cherry, E., Gisbome, Victoria. Concussion churn, butter worker, 
butter printer, and weigher (in Model Dairy) First award. 

Rice, Whiteacre, and Company, U.S.A. Steam generators for cooking 
food for stock, boiling water, heating rooms, and cleansing purposes 
First award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 95 

CLASS XLIV. Machines and Tools in general not 
specified. 

Walden, James, Launceston. Oils and skins First award. 

Knight, W. H., Launceston. One i-h.p. horseworks of new design, 
made by exhibitor Highly commended. One hand-power brick press 
for moulded and plain bricks First award. 

Jones and Co., Melbourne. Patent "Eureka" hot air oven First 
award for cheapness. 

Davey, Paxman, and Co., Colchester, England. One " Essex " patent 
vertical boiler Special first award. Compound undertype engine, with 
automatic extension gear Special first award. 

Jackson, F., Launceston. Brass locks Special first award. 

Mundlos and Co., Madgeburg. Sewing machines Special first award 
for collection from the same maker. 

Funchen Bros., Aachen. Sewing machine needles First award. 

Melson and Griffin, London. " Bear " high pressure semi-metallic 
steam pump packing and jointing material Special first award. 

Kemp, R. V., Hobart. Working model vertical steam boiler First 
award. 

Winter, F. A., Sydney. Centrifugal dish washer First award. 

Pitman, W., Rushcutters' Bay, New South Wales. Horse shoes 
Special first award for excellent display of collective exhibits, the work- 
manship being exquisite. 

Taylor Limited, Liverpool. Disinfectant First award. Automatic 
disinfector First award. 

Salisbury, Scott, and Co., Launceston. Compound marine engine 
in motion Special first award. 

Paton, John, Launceston. Model lathe Special first award. 

Osborn, J. Lee, Sydney. Pooley's patent weighing machines First 
award. 

Stewart, F. and W., Launceston. Dies, die-sinking, and general 
medal striking First award. 

Moran, A. W., Melbourne. Medal presses, die-sinking, and medal 
making First award for collective exhibit. 

Lamson Service Limited, Sydney. Cash railways Special first 
award. Lamson cash check and self-adding cash register Special first 
award. 

Dainton, George, and Co., Melbourne. Fancy and plain brass and 
copper work Special first award. Baths Highly commended. Ven- 
tilators Highly commended. Portable copper and range boilers 
Highly commended. 

Dowling, George, and Co., South Melbourne. Refrigerators for milk 
and beer First award. 

Cashel, Barter, and Co., Melbourne. Lubricating machine oil 
Special first award. 

Butler, W. H., Melbourne. Portable coppers Highly commended. 
Colonial ovens Highly commended. 

Brierly, John A., and Co., Melbourne. "Victory" gas engines First 
award. 

Bain, Williams, and Co., Coatbridge, Scotland. Bain's winder for 
wire fencing First award. 



96 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Ferguson, J. C., and Co., Launceston. Implements for field and 
garden First award. 

Stott and Hoare, Melbourne. Remington typewriter First award for 
durability, easy manipulation, simplicity, ahd workmanship. 

Lamson Store Service Company, Limited, Sydney. The English type- 
writerSecond award for simplicity of parts and for working in view of 
the operator. 

Cunningham, J. E., Sydney. No. 2 and 3 Caligraph writing machine 
Special first award, gold medal. Edison's Mimeograph copying 
machine Highly commended. 

Saunders, H., London. Neo-Cyclostyle First award for great sim- 
plicity and perfect reproduction. Yost typewriter Special first award 
for mechanical construction, quality of material, durability, and effective 
working. 

Knight, W. H., Launceston. Wrought-iron double riveted high pres- 
sure navigation tubes Special first award. 

Banks, John, and Son, Melbourne. Patent pickling pump Special 
first award. Patent spray pump First award. 

Grigor, D., Melbourne. Fancy bandsawing woodwork Special first 
award. 

United Horseshoe and Nail Company, Cubit Town, London. 
Machine-made horsehoes and nails First award. 

CLASS XLV. Carriages and Wheelwrights' Work. 

Webster, A. G., and Son, Hobart. Tire benders, to bend tires up to 
1 6 in. x i in. First award. 

Adams, Griffiths, and Dudley, Launceston. Bent wood for carriage 
work, manufactured from Tasmanian blue gum, blackwood, and other 
woods Special first award for collective exhibit. 

Burton and Knox, Burwood Road, Hawthorn, Victoria. Goddard 
buggy and lady's pony carriage Special first award. [The jurors 
express their thorough satisfaction at the excellence of the workmanship 
and machines.] 

Perry, John, Melbourne. Bent timber, shafts, poles, etc., turnery work, 
spokes, felloes, hubs, pickhandles, etc. Special first award for bent 
wood ; First award for shafts and poles. 

Selby, Frederick, and Co., Birmingham. Carriage axles, lamps, etc. 
First award. 

CLASS XLVI. Harness and Saddlery. 

Pride, William, Geelong. Set carriage harness, gent's saddle and 
bridle, lady's saddle and bridle, stock saddle and bridle First award. 

Power, T. P., Melbourne. Collection of saddlery and harness- 
Special first award for excellent workmanship and superiority of the 
material used. 

Newton, E. E., and Sons, Cressy. Harness and saddlery Second 
award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 97 

CLASS XLVII. Railway Apparatus, Engines, Carriages, 

etc. 

Hart, William, and Sons, Launceston. Traction engine Special first 
award. 

Bloomfield Brothers, Melbourne. Patent portable tramway and rolling 
stock (Bochum Union) Special first award. 

Ferguson, J. C., and Co., Launceston (agents Patent Nut and Bolt 
Company, Birmingham, England). One case, containing samples of 
this company's manufactures, from raw material to finished goods First 
award for collection. 

CLASS XLVIII. Telegraphic Appliances, Electric and 
all appertaining to Electricity. 

Bates, William, Gasworks, Hobart. Electric battery Hon. mention. 
[The jurors regret that owing to the unfinished manner in which this 
exhibit is presented they are unable to give it a first-class certificate.! 

The Crompton Electric Supply Company, New South Wales, i 110- 
volt 65-amp. compound dynamo, i2O-light machine (16 candle power) ; 
i no-volt 45-amp. compound dynamo, So-light machine; i 2-h.p. 
motor, i table motor for ventilation : cables, wires, pendants, brackets, 
etc.; instruments for electrical purposes, viz., 2 volt meters, 2 ammeters, 
i galvanometer, switches, main, branch, etc.; fuses, main, branch, etc.; 
lamp holders, shades, carbons, and petty material connected with elec- 
trical work ; medical battery, indicator, and bell, with samples of 
pushes, cells, etc. Special first award. 

Spencer-Canning, W. E., Melbourne. Electric lighting dynamos, 24 
lights each 16 candle power First award. 

India-rubber, Gutta-percha Telegraphic Company, Silvertown, Lon- 
don. Rubber goods for telegraphic, electrical, and telephone engineers 
Special first award. Rubber goods for hospital purposes Special first 
award. Rubber goods for ironmongers, gasfitters, plumbers, and house- 
hold purposes Special first award. India-rubber, gutta-percha, ebonite, 
and vulcanised fibre goods, etc. Special first award. English oak- 
tanned Avonside and Hepburn's pump leather First award. Submarine 
cables and torpedo-firing apparatus, also artistic tiling Special first 
award. Rubber goods for athletic clubs Special first award. Diving 
dress and apparatus for under-water work Special first award. Collec- 
tive exhibit Special first award. 

CLASS XLIX. Building Materials of all kinds ; Draw- 
ings, Models, etc., of Public Buildings, Man- 
sions, Cottages, Lighthouses, Industrial Dwell- 
ings, etc. 

Draper and Sons, Melbourne. Patent automatic flap-action earth 
closet, and microbine disinfectant, deodoriser, and antiseptic, fluid, 
powder, and soaps, non-poisonous and stainless First award. [Special 
notice given to the exhibitors' patent sealed pans.] 

Faija, Henry, London. Cement testing plant First award for 
tensile tests. 



gg OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Gurm, J. and T., Launceston. Building requisites Special first 
award foi first-class joiners' work, and first award for imported building 
requisites. 

Knight, William Henry, Phoenix Works, Launceston. Iron verandah 
and balcony posts, panels, brackets, frieze, balcony chairs and seats, and 
ornamental castings, made by exhibitor First award for chairs and iron 
furniture, and second award for balcony and verandah castings. 

Lysaght, John, and Co. Limited, Bristol and London. Galvanised 
iron, galvanised wire netting (colonial made) First award. 

Matthews and Yates, Manchester. Air propellers for ventilation 
Special first award for simplicity, cheapness, and efficiency. 

Saupe and Busch, Dresden, Radebeul. Patent embossed metal plates 
for advertising Special first award. 

Lempriere, W. and J., Melbourne (agents for St. Pancras Iron Com- 
pany, London). Model of stable fitted up First award. 

Wallbridge and Co., Launceston. Sanitary appliances, specimens of 
plumbers' work, plumbers' fittings First award. 

Gunn, J. and T., Launceston. Samples of timbers, mantelpieces, etc. 
Special first award. The "Invincible" open and close fire range 
First award. Panelled blackwood dado bookcase Special first award. 
Staircase of Tasmanian blackwood and Huon pine, also one of kauri 
pine and Tasmanian blackwood Special first award. 

CLASS L. Navigation : Drawings or Models of Ships, 
Boats, Steamers, Floating Docks ; Materials 
for Rigging, Apparatus for Saving Life at Sea, 
Diving Bells, Rocket Apparatus, Flags and 
Signals. 

Wyrill, Captain. Self-acting model yacht Hon. mention. 

Huddart, Parker, and Co., Limited. Model of s.s. Burrumbeet, 
Corrangamiie, and Elingamite, fitted as armed steamers for Victorian 
Government First award. Model of s.s. Coogee, running between 
Melbourne and Launceston First award. Model of s.s. Courier, speed 
21 knots an hour (in Geelong trade) First award. Model of s.s. 
Hygeta, specially built for the Hobson's Bay excursion trade (beauti- 
fully fitted, and attaining a very high rate of speed) Special first award. 
Model of modern cargo steamer for intercolonial trade First award. 

Bowling, George, and Co. Model of Eagle (tug), a very fast and 
powerful boat Special first award. 

Union Steam-Ship Company of New Zealand. Full model of s.s. 
Rotomahana Special first award. Full model of s.s. Mararoa First 
award. Full model of s.s. Wakatipu Hon. mention. Half models of 
s.s. Monowai and Takapuna Hon. mention. Chart table, showing 
position of fleet of 53 steamers First award. 

Edwards, F., Melbourne. Rob Roy canoe, built by exhibitor at the 
age of 17 Special first award. 

Fraser, Alex. A., Inveresk, Tasmania. Model cutter yacht First 
award. 

Orient Steam Navigation Company, London. Half model of the new 
twin screw steamer Ophir Special first award. Half model of the 
R.M.S. Ormuz First award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 99 

Home, Louis, Launceston. Pearl cruising canoe First award. 

Launceston Marine Board, A. Evershed, secretary. Harbour boarding 
boat, length 28ft., beam 6ft. 4 in., built of Huon pine and other Tas- 
manian woods, copper fastened, built by H. T. Moore, Launceston 
Special first award. 

Phoenix Fireworks Company, Braybrook, England. Fancy fireworks 
and illumination lights, marine rockets, life-saving rockets, distress 
signals, light and fog signals Special first award. Mortars for firing 
rockets First award. 

Ross and Duncan, Glasgow. Model of tug Wybia First award. 

Turk, R. J., Kingston-on-Thames. Model of double-sculling skiff 
Special first award. 

CLASS LI. Military Clothing. 

Jones, W., and Co., London, Government contractors. Helmets, 
outfits, official book, etc. Special first award. 



GROUP C. ALIMENTARY PRODUCTS. 

Cereals, flour, and meals made as much show as could be expected 
at a time when old grain was out of date and the new was still in the 
field : nevertheless, a fair collection was entered and filled a sufficient 
area of space. Our millers had well-fitted trophies, where flour and meal 
could be seen in great variety. 

Grass and other seeds were also sent in to prevent the great firms from 
Great Britain taking all the honours. Sutton and Sons, of Reading, 
and James Carter and Co., of London, certainly exhibited wonderful 
trophies, and displayed the scores of medals awarded to their respective 
firms at all former exhibitions throughout the world. But if our own 
exhibitors had not so ostentatious a display, they took away well-deserved 
honours for their exhibits of Tasmanian seeds for the variety as well as 
the utility of the goods shown. 

The exhibits of aerated and self-raising flour caused some keen com- 
petition. The jurors were not satisfied with the ordinary tests, and even 
after many trials they were compelled to give an equal award to C. 
Russen and Co., of Launceston, and Swallow and Ariell, of Melbourne. 

The two firms had a further contest for biscuits, cakes, and similar 
preparations, and here also the jurors have had a difficult task in arriving 
at a satisfactory conclusion. 

The same difficulties arose in the judging of chocolates, cocoas, etc., 
where the well-known firms, Taylor, Symington, Fry, and Cadbury had 
entered the lists. 

In preserved meats, fish, and other edibles, the entries were both 
numerous and varied. 

Beers, cordials, and aerated waters were principally represented by 
Tasmanian exhibitors, and were of excellent quality. 

Wines are dealt with separately by the Wine Jury, whose report 
follows. 

H 2 



100 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

CLASS LII. Cereals, Farinaceous Products, Wheat, 
Rye, Barley, Rice, Maize, Millet, and other 
Cereals, in Grain and in Flour ; Grain without 
husk, and Groats ; Bread and Pastry, Biscuits, 
etc. 

Keen, Robinson, and Bellville, London. Pearl barley First award. 
Robinson's patent groats First award. Robinson's patent barley 
First award. White groats First award. Oats Special first award. 

Birmingham Vinegar Brewery Co. (Holbrook and Co.), Birmingham. 
Blancmange powder, egg powder, baking powder, custard powder 
First award. Holbrook and Co.'s essence of coffee First award. Hol- 
brook and Co.'s essence of coffee and chicory First award. 

Dean, T. B., York Street, Launceston. Bread First award. 

Knaggs, }. B., Elizabeth Street, Launceston. Wedding cake First 
award. 

Russen, C., and Co., Wellington Street, Launceston. Biscuit trophy, 
fancy and plain biscuits, wedding, birthday, and christening cakes, con- 
fectionery, ice-creams, etc., showing the process of manufacture in their 
various branches Special first award for collective exhibit, and the fact 
of the exhibits being manufactured at the Exhibition. Special first award 
for Tasmanian made biscuits. 

Swallow and Ariell Limited, Port Melbourne, Victoria. Biscuits of 
every description, wedding and other cakes Special first award for 
excellent quality of biscuits and cakes, and for their manufacture. 

Wigram Bros., Christchurch, New Zealand Malt Special first award. 
[The jury beg to note the excellent quality and high condition of this 
malt.] 

Brunton and Co., Melbourne. Flour Championship of the colonies 
for highest points in manufacture, colour, and strength. Victory steel 
roller flour Special first award for Victoria. 

Wood Bros., Christchurch, New Zealand. Roller flour First award 
for New Zealand. 

T. W. Monds and Son, Carrick. Roller flour Highly commended. 
Pearl barley First award. Oatmeal First award for Tasmania. Milling 
oats First award. Flaked oats First award. Split peas Commended. 
Wheat (winter) First award. Spring wheat First award. 

Luck, John, and Co., West Devonport. Roller flour Special first 
award for Tasmania. Digestive meal Highly commended. Ruby 
digestive meal Commended. Wheat Commended. 

Newey, R., and Sons, Launceston. Linseed meal Highly com- 
mended. English barley First award. Collection of cereals First 
award. Wheat (white) - First award. Tuscan wheat First award. 
Prolific wheat First award. 

Ritchie, David, and Son, Launceston. Pearl barley Commended. 
Digestive meal Commended. Flaked oats Highly commended. Split 
peas Highly commended. Oatmeal Commended. 

Swallow and Ariell Limited, Port Melbourne. Digestive meal First 
award for Victoria. 

Affleck, Thomas, and Sons, Launceston. Digestive meal First 
award for Tasmania. 

Farrar, H. W., and Co., Melbourne. Duryeas' maizena First award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. IOI 

Scott, Jas., and Sons, River Forth, Tasmania. Oatmeal Highly 
commended. Oats Highly commended. Milling oats Commended. 

Roberts, James, Cootamundra, New South Wales. Wheat (purple 
straw) Highly commended. 

Fyansford Manufacturing Company, Geelong, Victoria. Snowflake 
crystal starch Special first award. 

Hurst and Son, London. Collection of cereals First award. 

Carter, London. Wheat Highly commended as a collective exhibit 

Moore Bros., New South Wales. Wheat Commended. 

Loiterton, Charles, New South Wales. Wheat First award for New 
South Wales. 

Wood Bros., Christchurch, New Zealand. Semolina grain (fine and 
coarse) First award. 

Maconochie Bros., Lowestoft. Oatmeal First award. 

Swallow and Ariell Limited, Port Melbourne. Beef biscuits First 
award. Pilot bread First award. Dog's bread First award. Whole 
meal biscuits First award. Aerated flour First award. 

CLASSES LIIL, LV., LVI. Fatty substances and Oils 
for food ; Milk, fresh and preserved ; Butter, 
fresh, salt, or tinned ; Cheese ; Vegetables and 
Fruit, fresh, dried, and preserved ; Condiments, 
Sugar and Confectionery, including Jams, 
Sauces, etc.; Liqueurs, etc., etc. 

Maconochie Bros., Lowestoft, England. Malt and other vinegars 
First award. Sublime olive oil First award. Curry powder Hon. 
mention. Table salt First award. Flavouring essences First award. 
Lemon peel First award. Salad cream First award. Concentrated 
lemonades First award. Seidlitz powder First award. Sherbet 
First award. Mixed pickles First award. Golden Syrup First award. 
Yorkshire sauce First award. Baking powder First award. 

Australian Perfumery Company, Sydney. Essences of vanilla, lemon, 
and almond Special first award. 

Hinds and Co., Coventry. Phosphorzine, the great brain, nerve, and 
constitutional invigorator Highly commended. 

Evans, Sons, and Co., Liverpool. Compressed lime tablets and other 
medical sweets First award. Montserrat sauce First award. Mont- 
serrat lime juice First award. 

Bosisto, J., and Co., Richmond, Victoria. Essential oils from indige- 
nous trees of Australia Special first award. [The jurors have carefully 
tested the whole of the oils in this exhibit, and were greatly satisfied with 
the quality and excellence; they therefore have no hesitation in awarding 
a special first-class certificate for the collection.] Red gum lozenges 
First award. 

Lloyd, Frank, and Co., Sydney. Horse and cattle food First award. 

Birmingham Vinegar Brewery 'Company, Birmingham, England. 
Holbrook and Co.'s pure malt vinegar First award. Holbrook and 
Co.'s Worcestershire sauce, pickles, sauces, anchovy, etc. Special first 
award. [The jurors desire to call special attention to the superior 
quality of the productions of this firm, and also to the manner in which 
they have been displayed and brought before the public.] 



I02 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Swallow and Ariell Limited, Port Melbourne. Icing sugar Special 
first award. Milk food Special first award. 

Champion and Co., Limited, London. Brown and crystal vinegar 
and genuine mustard Special first award. 

Gaylard, John C., Windsor Plantation, Bundaberg, Queensland. 
Collective exhibit of sugars of varieties (yolbs. in each) Special first 
award. 

Irvine and McEachern, Launceston. Oilmen s stores and jams 
Special first award. 

Keen, Robinson, and Bellville, London. Keen's mustard, A.D. 1742 
Special first award. 

Thrower, W. I., Launceston. Tomato sauce, Shamrock baking 
powder, egg powder, Klelum Bux and Co.'s curry powder First award 
for mild sauce ; second award for hot sauce ; hon. mention for remainder 
of exhibit. 

Tatlow, Charles J., Launceston. Genuine tomato sauce First award. 
Mild sauce Second award. 

CLASS LIV. Meat and Fish, preserved, smoked, and 
salted. 

Higgins, Henry, Hobart. German sausages First award. Hams and 
bacon Special first award. 

Castle Co-operative Salt Company, Adelaide. Salt Special first 
award for collective exhibit. [This being a new Australian industry, the 
jurors desire to record their high opinion of the success achieved by the 
exhibitors.] 

Coleman and Company, Norwich. " Winecarnis," Liebig's extract of 
meat and malt wine First award. 

Williams, F., Auckland, New Zealand. Tinned schnapper (smoked), 
tinned mullet (fresh) Special first award. 

Maconochie Bros., Lowestoft, England. Flake tapioca First award. 
Macaroni First award. Mushroom catsup First award. Red herring 
First award. Mock turtle and other soups First award. Cod roes 
First award. Digby chicks First award. Dried sprats First award. 
Haddock roes First award. Bologna sausages First award. Camp 
pie First award. Scotch salmon First award. White herrings and 
tinned herrings in sauce First award. Bloater paste First award. 
Mortadella sausage First award. Ham, chicken, and tongue First 
award. Devilled ham and tongue First award. Rolled ox tongue 
First award. Sweetbread First award. Veal and ham First award. 
Plum pudding First award. Suffolk brawn First award. Devilled 
tongue First award. Russian caviare First award. Oxford sausage 
First award. Soles in cream, haddocks First award. Anchovies 
First award. Collective exhibit as above Special first award. [The 
jurors desire to place on record the high opinion they have formed of 
the goods exhibited by this firm, and also to the high standard to which 
they have brought the art of preserving food for the million, and the low 
prices charged for the same.] 

Skinner, B., Brisbane, Queensland. Turtle soup, beche-de-mer soup 
(preserved), potted dugong, preserved meats Special first award for 
collective exhibit. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 103 

Swallow and Ariell Limited, Port Melbourne. Mince-meat, etc. 
Special first award. [The jurors desire to direct attention to the superior 
quality of this exhibit, and feel assured that if more general attention 
were drawn to this class of goods housewives would economise and be 
able to place on their tables an article superior to the usual home-made 
mince-meat.] 

Idris and Co., London. "Viking" food preparations for invalids 
Special first award. 

CLASS LVI. Cocoas and Chocolate. 

Fry, J. S., and Sons, Bristol (represented by Messrs. R. Green and 
Co., Launceston). Fry's homoeopathic cocoa Special first award. 
Fry's concentrated cocoa Special first award. Fry's Ceylon chocolate 
Special first award. Fry's Caraccas chocolate Special first award. 
Exhibits of cocoas Special first award for each variety exhibited. Col- 
lection of fancy chocolates Special first award. A collective exhibit of 
cocoas and chocolates Special first award. 

Taylor Bros., London. A collective exhibit of cocoa and free restau- 
rant Special first award. 

Symington, T., and Co., Edinburgh. Exhibit of coffee essence and 
free restaurant Special first award. Essence of coffee and chicory 
First award. 

Farrar, H. W., and Co., Melbourne, Victoria. Taylor Bros.' soluble 
pure cocoa, condensed First award. 

Cadbury Bros., Bowinville, near Birmingham. Essence of cocoa 
Special first award. 

Smith, T. and H., and Co., Edinburgh and London. Essence of 
coffee with chicory, essence of coffee pure Special first award. Choco- 
late and milk, cocoa and milk Special first award 

Maconochie Bros., Lowestoft. Cocoa, soluble Special first award. 

Macfarlane Bros, and Co., Hobart. Essence of coffee and chicory 
Highly commended. 

CLASS LVI. Vegetables and Fruit, fresh, dried, and 
preserved, etc. 

Saratoga Packing Company, Saratoga, U.S.A. Californian prunes 
Special first award. [This exhibit is well worthy of the award, and there 
is no doubt in the minds of the jurors that the fruit which is now allowed 
to go to waste in this colony might, if judiciously treated, be made 
available for export.] 

Maconochie Bros., Lowestoft, England. Dried herbs First award. 
Spanish olives First award. Bottled fruits Special first award. Jams 
First award. 

Skinner, B. (Queensland Preserving Company), Brisbane. Queens- 
land preserved pine-apple and Queensland preserved guava, etc. 
Special first award. 

Murrell, Mrs. Winifred, Launceston. Preserved jams and jellies 
Special first award. 

Newball and Mason, Nottingham, England. Dried herbs Special 
first award. 

Birmingham Vinegar Brewery Company, England. French olives 
Special first award. 



104 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

MaconochieBros.,Lowestoft, England. Fresh mackerel First award. 
Potted venison First award. Potted woodcock First award. Scotch 
herring First award. West India pickles First award. Candied 
peel First award. 

Burroughs, Welcome, and Co., London. Kepler's extract of malt 
Special first award. 

CLASS L VI I. Wines. 

" In handing over to the Commissioners the awards made in this section 
of the Tasmanian Exhibition, we desire to call their special attention to 
the footnotes we have appended to each colony or country represented. 
In addition to this, we deem it our duty to state that the whole of the 
wines submitted to us point to the great future of the vine-growing 
industry of Australia, more especially as regards its trade with Tasmania. 
The consumption of pure, wholesome, and non-intoxicating wines should 
be encouraged in a colony which cannot produce such an article. That 
a large trade could be opened for Australian wines in this island is 
beyond a doubt, provided the Government be prevailed upon to reduce 
the prohibitive rate of duty now in force. Steps have already been taken 
to bring this matter before the Tasmanian Government, and it is now 
under consideration. We would fail in our duty if we did not at this 
juncture express an opinion on so important a subject, which affects not 
only the trade of the country, but also the sobriety and morality of the 
people. It is beyond dispute that in all countries where pure wines are 
to be had at a low price intemperance is very much minimised. Wines 
such as we have had to judge with an alcoholic standard varying from 
15 to 21 per cent. are being retailed in the Australian colonies at from 
IDS. to 153. per dozen quarts. Such wines do not exceed 35. to 43. per 
gallon, if purchased in bulk from wholesale dealers, and even much less 
from the growers. All these wines are taxed indiscriminately in this 
colony 6s. per gallon in bulk and 8s. per gallon if bottled. Hence the 
small quantity imported. It is our opinion that if the duty were reduced 
to one fourth of the present rate the revenue would be benefited by the 
large increase in the consumption of such wines. We cannot conclude 
without congratulating the various colonies which have sent wines to this 
Exhibition for the careful selection of the samples forwarded. It is to 
be regretted that France has not competed in this group. Germany is 
represented by one exhibitor only, and this one has taken the highest 
award. Of Tasmanian wines we have had only one exhibitor, Mr. 
William Ricketts, who produces from fruit grown in the island a most 
creditable beverage, for which we have awarded a first-class prize." 

NEW SOUTH WALES. 

MEMO. The jurors have much pleasure in recording their full appre- 
ciation of the whole of the wines submitted from New South Wales. 
Their character is totally distinct from the South Australian wines the 
jurors tasted last week. The wines from the Hunter River district are 
exceptionally good some of them being quite equal to French or 
German vintages. The sweet wines are rich, full-flavoured, and in 
excellent condition. 

Lindeman, H. J., Cawarra. Full-bodied wines (red) : Shiraz First 
award Burgundy Special first award; Madeira First award. Light 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 105 

wines (white) : Hock Special first award, and Champion prize for all 
the Colonies ; Reisling First award ; Chablis First award. Light wines 
(red) : Hermitage Second award ; Claret Special first award ; Bur- 
gundy First award. Sweet wines, or vin de liqueur (white) : Muscat 
First award ; Verdeilho Special first award ; Tokay First award. 
Sweet wines, or vin de liqueur (red) : Madeira Special first award ; 
Lachrymse Christi First award ; Port Special first award. 

Harbottle, Allsop, and Co., Sydney. Light wines (red): "Etta- 
mogah '' Second award. Light wines (white): "Ettamogah" First 
award ; Reisling First award. 

Fallon, J. T., Albury. Light wines (red) : Burgundy First award. 

VICTORIA. 

MEMO. The jurors regret that some of the wines were out of condi- 
tion ; as a whole, however, the samples submitted were first class. The 
Clarets, Burgundy, and Hermitage were excellent ; the sweet wines were 
good, sound articles ; some of the Sherry wines, with age, will make 
their mark in the English markets. 

Brache" and Co., Melbourne. Chasselas First award. Reisling 
Special first award. Hock First award. Claret, '88 vintage First 
award. Claret, '86 vintage Special first award, and Champion prize 
for all the Colonies. Carbinet First award. Burgundy Special first 
award. Verdeilho Second award. Port Special first award. Fron- 
tignac First award. 

Greer, E., and Co., Melbourne. Madeira Second award. Port 
First award. Shiraz First award. 

The Australian Wine and Fruit Agency Company Limited, Melbourne. 
Hermitage (grower, J. Hamilton, of Rutherglen) First award as a sweet 
wine. Pedro (J.Hamilton, grower) First award. Pedro (J. Hamilton) 
Special first award. Sherry (grower, J. Thompson, of Dookie) 
Special first award. 

Wodonga Winegrowers' Association. Muscat (Martin Kelly, grower) 
Special first award. White, full-bodied (P. Adams, grower) First 
award. Dry old (same grower) First award as a dry sherry. Light 
Red (James Tenner, grower) Highly commended. Light Red (A. 
Schlink, grower) Highly commended. Red light dry (G. S. Manns, 
grower) Highly commended. Red light dry (same grower) First 
award. Red light (A. Schlink, grower) Special first award. The fol- 
lowing were each highly commended as young wines : James Tenner, 
Red light dry ; Robert Peoples, dry full-bodied ; A. Schlink, Red sweet ; 
Robert Peoples, dry full-bodied Red. 

Weigel, A., and Co., Limited, Melbourne. Australian champagne 
Special first award. 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA. 

MEMO. The jurors wish to record the fact that all the wines forwarded 
by South Australia are of a high class, exceptionally sound, and that 
there is a great future before the wine industry of that colony. 

Cleland, G. F., and Co. Limited, Adelaide. Old Port wine Special 
Champion prize for all the Colonies. Chablis Second award. Reisling 
First award. Sauterne Second award as Madeira. Tokay First 
award. Madeira First award. Frontignac Special first award. Con- 
stantia First award. Very old Port Special first award. 



106 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Adelaide Wine Company. Collection of wines Special first award. 

Auld, W. P., Adelaide. Claret Special first award. 

Crozier, H. and E., Oaklands, Adelaide. Sherry First award. Port 
First award. 

Dunstan, H., and Co., Stonyfell, Adelaide. Sherry Second award. 
Old Port Special first award. Muscat First award. 

Foureur, J. H , Hindmarsh, Adelaide. Champagne Special first 
award. 

Hardy, Thos., and Sons Limited, Adelaide. Chablis First award. 
Claret Special first award. Angaston Port First award. Very old 
Port First award. Muscat Second award. 

Sage, S. and W., Angaston, Adelaide. Chablis Highly commended. 
Claret First award. Frontignac First award. Sweet Constantia 
Special first award, a first-class liqueur wine. 

Scott, H. J., and Co., Adelaide. Chablis First award. Reisling 
Second award. Madeira Special first for Davenport's Madeira. Fron- 
tignac Special first award. Constantia First award. Stonyfell Mus- 
cat Special first and Champion prize against all the Colonies. 

Smith, S., and Son, Angaston, Adelaide. Chablis Special first award. 
Reisling Special first award. Claret Second award. Very old Sherry 
Special first award. Frontignac First award. Constantia Special 
first award. Family Port Second award. Very old Port First award. 
Muscatel Highly commended. 

Young, E. B., and Co., Adelaide. Hock Second award. 

TASMANIA. 

Ricketts, William, Big Oyster Cove. Fruit wines, Tasmanian Port, 
Black Currant wine, Sherry wine, Apple wine Special first award for 
the excellence and high condition of the exhibits, which are most credit- 
able, and deserve the highest commendation. 

FOREIGN WINES. 

Still Wines. Braumeberger Special first award ; Josefshofer First 
award. 

Sparkling Wines. Scharlachberger, sparkling Moselle First award ; 
Moigneau Pere et Fils, Epernay, France, Champagne Special first 
award. 

CHAMPION PRIZES. 

The Wine Jury asked for the Special Prized wines to be submitted 
again for a Champion award, when the following result was obtained : 

Class i Light White Wine, Lindeman's Hock, New South Wales. 

Class 2 Light Red Claret, Brache"'s Claret, Victoria. 

Class 3 Full-bodied Red Wine, G. F. Cleland and Co. Limited, 
South Australia. 

Class 4 Liqueur Wine, H. J. Scott and Co., South Australia. 

LIQUEURS. 

Duhr and Co., German Wine Company, Cologne. Benecalo Punch 
Special first award. 

Seide and Co., Breslau. Assortment of liqueurs Special first award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. IOJ 

CLASS LVIL Beer. 

Boag, James, and Son, Esk Brewery, Launceston. Tasmanian ales 
and stout, draught beer First award. Bottled ale Special first award. 
Bottled stout Special first award. Bulk ale Special first award. Hops 
Special first award. Malt First award. 

Fawns, J. G. S., Cornwall Brewery, Launceston. Bottled ale Special 
first award. Bottled stout Special first award. Bulk beer Special first 
award. Bulk ale (full body) First award. Malt Special first award. 
Hops First award. 

Abbott, W. H., Phoenix Brewery, Launceston. Ale in bottle First 
award. Light running beer on draught Second award. Ale on draught 
(good bitter) First award. 

Lindsay Brewery Company Limited, Orange, New South Wales. Bulk 
stout Special first award. Bulk ale First award. 

Button, Charles S., Ellesmere. Bottled ale, strong XXX, light body 
Highly commended. 

Younger and Son, George, Alloa, Scotland. Bottled ales and stout, 
Revolver brand Special first award. 

Pearson, George, Richmond, Victoria. Bottled Victorian stout First 
award. 

White, Edward, and Co., Dublin Brewery, Richmond, Victoria. Pale 
ale First award. Lager beer Special first award. Stout Second 
award, not being in condition. The above are all Victorian manufac- 
ture. 

Ehrenfried Bros., Auckland. Stout in bulk Special first award. Light 
ale in bottle First award. Stout in bottle Special first award. 

Australian Brewery and Wine and Spirit Company, Sydney. Beer 
and stout in bulk and bottle Special first award as a collective exhibit. 

Toohey, J. T. J., Sydney. Ales and porters First award as a collec- 
tive exhibit. 

CHAMPION PRIZES. 

Boag, James, and Son, Launceston. Stout in bottle and ale in bulk 
Champion prize for Tasmania. 

Fawns, J. G. S., Launceston. Ale in bottle Champion prize for 
Tasmania. 

White, Edward, and Co., Richmond, Victoria. Victorian lager beer 
in bottle Champion prize. 

Ehrenfried Bros., Thames, Auckland. Light running ale in bulk not 
exceeding 22lb. gravity, stout in bulk and bottle Champion prize 
against the whole of the Colonies. 

CLASS LVIL Fermented Drinks : Wines (still and 
sparkling), Beer, Cider, Perry, Brandy, Whisky, 
Gin, Liqueurs, etc. 
Button, C. S., Ellesmere. Ginger wine Hon. mention. 

CLASS LVIL Whisky and Brandy. 

M'Nab, Andrew, and Co., Leith, Scotland. Galley brand old High- 
land whisky, in bottle Second award. Galley brand old Highland 
whisky, in bulk Special first award. 



I0 8 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Scott, H. J., South Australia. G. R. Scott and Co.'s old Highland 
whisky,'in bottle First award. 

Farrar, H. W., and Co., Melbourne. Greenlees Bros. Claymore 
whisky, in bottle First award. 

Dewar, John, and Sons, Perth, North Britain. Old Highland whisky 
Special first award. 

Saunders, Herbert, Yardley. Dawson and Co. s Claich Mohr fine old 
Highland whisky Highly commended. 

Delaage and Fils and Co., Cognac, France. Brandy Special first 
award. 

Duhr and Co. (German Wine Company), Cologne. Brandy First 
award. 

Irvine and McEachern, Launceston. Wines and spirits and oilmen's 
stores First award for collective exhibit. 

Coleman's Irish whisky First award. 

CLASS LVIL Cordials. 

Bosisto, J., and Co., Richmond, Victoria. Liquor eucalypto, an 
aromatic tonic and stomachic rarity Special first award. 

Ferguson, George Alfred, Excelsior Cordial Words, Dubbo, New 
South Wales. Aromatic quinine wine Special first award. Orange 
bitters Special first award. Peppermint First award. Lime juice 
cordial Special first award. Staughton bitters Special first award. 
Pine-apple cordial Special first award. Cloves cordial Special first 
award. Lemon syrup Highly commended. Ginger wine Special 
first award. Raspberry syrup First award. Sarsaparilla Highly com- 
mended. Hop bitters Highly commended. 

Newball and Mason, Nottingham, England. Ginger wine extract, 
etc. Highly commended. Wine essences, hop beers, etc. Highly 
commended. 

Todd, J. W., and Co. Limited, Melbourne. Lime juice First award 
for Victoria. Collection of oilmen's stores manufactured by the exhibitors 
Highly commended as a collective exhibit. 

Cornwall Company, per Hatton and Laws. Lime juice cordials, 
raspberry syrup, cherry syrup Highly commended. 

Hatton and Laws, Launceston. Collection of summer fruit drinks 
Special first award. 

Abbott, Mrs. M. E., Phoenix Cordial Factory, Launceston. Dark 
bitters (tonic) Special first award. Hop bitters (tonic) Special first 
award. Cloves cordial Fir-st award. Quinine wine cordial Special 
first award. Peppermint cordial Special first award. Raspberry vinegar 
Special first award. Ginger brandy cordial Second award. Ginger 
wine cordial First award. Lemon syrup cordial Second award. 
Sarsaparilla cordial First award. Lime juice cordial First award for 
Tasmania. Aerated hop ale Special first award. Aerated dandelion 
ale Special first award. Aerated hop beer First award. Orange 
bitters Second award. Collective exhibit Special first award. 

Button, Charles S.,Ellesmere. Cordials Hon. mention for collective 
exhibit. Hop bitters Second award. Peppermint Second award. 
Orange bitters First award. Ginger brandy First award. Lemon 
syrup Special first award. Raspberry vinegar Second award. Lime 
juice Second award. Square Sarsaparilla Special first award. Cloves 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 109 

Special first award. Hop tonic First award. Lemon squash 
Highly commended. Sodawater Highly commended. Ginger ale 
Highly commended. Lemonade Highly commended. 

Thrower, W. I., Launceston. Cordials First award as a collective 
exhibit. 

Maconochie Bros., Lowestoft, England. Lime juice cordial Special 
first award for Great Britain. 

CHAMPION FOR THE COLONIES. 

Ferguson, G. A., Excelsior Cordial Works, Dubbo, N.S.W. Lime 
juice cordial. 

CLASS LVII. Aerated Waters. 

Evans, Sons, and Co. Limited, Liverpool. Raspberry cordial Highly 
commended. Sarsaparilla cordial First award. 

Birmingham Vinegar Brewery Company, England. Holbrook's ginger 
beer powder Special first award. 

Maconochie Bros., Lowestoft, England. Lime juice Special first 
award for Great Britain. 

Button, Charles S., Ellesmere. Aerated waters Highly commended 
as a collective exhibit. 

Ungar and Son, Buda-Pesth. Bitter natural mineral water Special 
first award. Victoria natural mineral water Special first award. [The 
jurors strongly recommend these natural mineral and bitter waters to the 
notice of the medical profession.] 

Thrower, W. I., Launceston. Aerated waters First award as a col- 
lective exhibit. Egyptian bitters Special first award. Peppermint 
First award. Orange bitters Special first award. Ginger brandy 
Special first award. Lemon syrup First award. Raspberry vinegar 
First award. Cherry brandy Special first award. Square sarsaparilla 
Second award. Cloves Second award. Ginger wine Second award. 
Hop bitters First award. Lime juice Special first award. Hop beer 
Special first award. Lemonade dash Highly commended. Mont- 
serrat Highly commended. Tangerine Highly commended. Templar 
ale Highly commended. Cider First award. Lemon squash 
Highly commended. Ginger punch First award. Orange champagne 
First award. Jargonelle pear Highly commended. Pine-apple 
champagne Highly commended. Lemonade Highly commended. 
Sodawater First award. Ginger ale First award. 

Erp, John, and Sons, Hobart. White and brown vinegar Special 
first award. [The jurors make special note of its excellent quality.] 

Idris and Co., London. Kolozine First award. Ginger beer 
Special first award for Great Britain. Ginger ale Special first award 
for Great Britain. Olympic waters First award. Mammoth waters 
First award. Seltzer water First award. Sodawater Special first 
award for Great Britain. Potash Special first award. Lithia water 
Special first award. Lemonade Special first award. Quinine tonic 
water Special first award. [The jurors make special mention of the 
high quality of this tonic.] Mineral waters Hon. mention as a collec- 
tive exhibit. 

Birmingham Vinegar Brewery Company, England. Holbrook's fruit 
salt Special first award. 



HO OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Hinds and Co., Coventry, England. Aerated waters Hon. mention 
as a collective exhibit. Seltzer water First award. Kolozine First 
award. Ginger ale Second award. Ginger beer First award. Lemon 
squash Highly commended. 

Abbott, Mrs. M. E., Launceston. Syphons sodawater Special first 
award Syphons kali water Special first award. Lemonade Special 
first award. Ginger ale Special first award. Sodawater Special first 
award. Sarsaparilla First award. Fruit champagne Special first 
award! Kali water Special first award. Syphon seltzer water Special 
first award. Syphons lithia water Highly commended. 

CHAMPION PRIZE. 

Abbott, Mrs. M. E., Launceston. Champion prize for sodawater 
against all other samples submitted. 

CLASS LVIII. Horticulture, Floriculture, Arboriculture, 
Flowers, etc. 

Hurst Bros., Houndsditch, London. Vegetable seeds in glass bottles 
Hon. mention. Grasses (natural) mounted Hon. mention. Agri- 
cultural seeds in glass bottles Hon. mention. Flower seeds in glass 
bottles Hon. mention. 

Newey, R., and Sons, Launceston. Collection of preserved vegetable 
models Hon. mention. Collection of floral decorations Hon. men- 
tion. Collection of garden syringes or pumps Hon. mention. 

Carter, Jas., and Co., High Holborn, London. Collection of English 
seeds, collection of preserved vegetables, roots, etc. First award. 

Newey, R., and Sons, Launceston. Collection of agricultural seeds, 
fertilisers, heating apparatus, handlights, preserved vegetables, roots, 
etc. First award. Collection of grass and clover seeds First award. 

Hurst and Son, London. Collection of flower, vegetable, and agri- 
cultural seeds and garden requisites Second award. 

Sutton and Sons, Queen's seedsmen, Reading, England. Collection 
of horticultural seeds Special first award. Collection of vegetables and 
roots, modelled from nature First award. Collection of vegetable and 
flower seeds, showing the purity of the samples as supplied to the 
exhibitors' customers throughout the world First award. Collection of 
agricultural seeds as exhibited in educational cabinet First award. 
Sutton's seed germinators, literature, educational cabinet of grasses, flax 
in its various stages, knives and garden cutlery, hygrometer, fumigator, 
etc. First award. Sutton's concentrated manure First award. Natural 
grasses for permanent and temporary pastures First award. Three 
cabinets of garden requisites First award. Cabinet of garden cappers, 
including the Averruncator for pruning all trees First award. Spray 
diffuser First award. Garden syringes First award. Garden tools 
First award. Sutton's lawn mower First award. 

Keen, Robinson, and Bellville, London. Mustard seed First award. 

Canterbury Seed Company, Christchurch, New Zealand. English rye 
grass seed First award. Red clover First award. Cow grass and 
meadow fescue First award. Cocksfoot grass seed First award. 
[The above seeds were all grown in Canterbury, New Zealand.] 

Yates, Richard A., Launceston. Ladies' sprays, buttonhole bouquets 
First award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. Ill 

REPORT OF THE SPECIAL JURY. 



Having been appointed by the Commissioners to deal with the pro- 
tests entered by discontented exhibitors, and also to adjudicate on any 
exhibits which had not been judged, or had been entered in wrong 
classes, we beg to report that we have completed our task, and submit 
our decisions as under : 

1. In the case of protests, two only could be entertained, being duly 

entered in conformity with the Rules and Regulations (17 and 18, 
page 23 of Catalogue). 

2. One protest was entered by Messrs. Munnew and Co. against the 

award of H.C. to Messrs. Broadwood and Sons for a pianoforte, 
which the protest alleges had not been properly examined. At 
our suggestion an expert Mr. Thornthwaite was called. In 
our presence he examined all the instruments entered for compe- 
tition in the same Class, and at his recommendation we have 
raised Broadwood's piano from H.C. to a First Class Special. 
Mr. Thornthwaite certifies that this instrument is by far the best 
in the Exhibition. 

3. The other protest was in the Type-writing Machine Class. In this 

case we referred to the jurors who made the awards, and rinding 
that they declined to alter their decision, promised to examine 
the whole of the exhibits critically ; and we have, after mature 
consideration, decided to award to the Yost typewriter a First 
Class Special for its perfect construction and simplicity of action. 

4. In the New South Wales Court, amongst the mineral exhibits, we 

have raised the classification of the New South Wales shale and 
oil, the coke and calcinium paints, which we considered had 
been seriously underrated. 

5. In the matter of Mr. Farrant's indiarubber exhibits, over which 
there has been unnecessary friction owing to that gentleman having 
from the outset acted in contravention with the rules, we called 
upon the jury appointed to judge the waterproof clothing 
(Messrs. Petterd and Room) to deal separately with that exhibit. 
After close inspection they awarded a First Class certificate for 
that exhibit, leaving it for another set of jurors to deal with the 
other indiarubber goods belonging to the same firm. Mr. Farrant 
failing to attend a summons, the jurors declined to act. We, 
therefore, had to take the matter in hand, and awards in this 
instance were made with the utmost care, and we trust that they 
will end this long-pending grievance. 

6. The judging of wrongly classed exhibits and articles omitted or 

passed by the jurors, occupied the whole of last week. We are, 
however, glad to be able to report that our labours are now at an 



112 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

end ; the awards have been handed over to the Secretary, and 
we trust that the Commissioners will approve of the manner in 
which we have dealt with both the protests as well as the com- 
plaints lodged in the Office either verbally or by letter. 
In conclusion, we beg to state that in all cases in which we have given 
redress the exhibitors have expressed to us their entire satisfaction. 
(Signed) W. R. MARSH 
E. WHITFELD 
JULES JOUBERT, Chairman. 
March 9, 1892. 



MISCELLANEOUS EXHIBITS. 

Petterd, W. F., Launceston. Design and erection of united silver 
trophy, and general arrangement of Mineral Court Special first award. 

Technological Museum, Sydney (T. H. Maiden, F.R.S., Curator). 
Scientific collection of New South Wales wool samples Special first 
award. 

Price's Patent Candle Company Limited, Battersea, London. Collec- 
tion of artistic show cards Second award. 

Monds, T. W., and Son, Carrick. Trophy as a collective exhibit 
Special first award. 

Walch Bros, and Birchall, Launceston. " Walch's Handbook of 
Gardening for Tasmania" First award. 

Clausen, C., Hamburg. Pavement of iron and asphalt, duly regis- 
tered and patented Hon. mention. [The special jury regret that in the 
absence of a practical test being made they cannot give a higher award.] 

Government Astronomer of New South Wales. Publications of scien- 
tific and astronomical observations Special first award. 

Munnew, A., Launceston. Pavilion made of Tasmanian woods 
Hon. mention. 

Cross, W., Liverpool. Water-colour painting descriptive of a natural- 
ist's business Hon. mention. 

The Australasian Special first award. 

Canterbury Times, New Zealand. Copy of that journal First award. 

Ttwn and Country Journal First award. 

The Queenslander First award. 

Publisher of Bell's Weekly Messenger. Copy of that journal First 
award for Great Britain. 

Publisher of Farm, Field, and Fireside. Copy of that journal Hon. 
mention for Great Britain. 

Publisher of Mark Lane Express. Copy of that journal First award 
for Great Britain. 

Sergeant, J. S., Sydney. Stain eradicator Hon. mention. 

White, R. P., Melbourne. Eradicator for removing stains Hon. 
mention. 

Federal cement Hon. mention. 

Huddart, Parker, and Co., Melbourne. Photographs of steamboats 
and saloons of same First award. 

Wacksmuth, R., Launceston. Samples of red-skinned potatoes 
First award. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 113 

Walch Bros, and Birchall, Launceston. " Fenton's History of Tas- 
mania " Special first award. 

Price's Patent Candle Company, London. Model of the " Statue of 
Liberty " in stearine First award. 

Blackman, J. Thomas. Samples of paint, colours, etc. Special first 
award. 

Brach6 and Co., Melbourne. Trophy and collective exhibit Special 
first award. 

Binney, Catherine, Footscray. Portraits, etc., collective exhibit 
Special first award. 

Swallow and Ariell, Melbourne. Trophy and collective exhibit 
Special first award. 

Newton, E. E., and Sons, Launceston. Pegless clothes line Hon. 
mention. 

Adams, Griffiths, and Dudley, Launceston. Model of geometrical 
staircase for public buildings First award. 

Deane and Sons, Launceston. Samples of grainings Special first 
award. 

Munnew, Arthur, Launceston. For introducing into England native 
blackwoods of Tasmania in the construction of high-class pianofortes 
and music stools Special first award. 

Evans, Sons, and Co., Liverpool. Montserrat lime fruit juice cordial 
First award for Britain. 

Carter, Jas., and Co., London. Collection of seed grain and specimens 
of natural grasses First award. 

Edwards, A. E., Hobart. Working model of double cylinder steam 
engine First award. 

Butler, W. H., and Co., Melbourne. Portable selectors' oven First 
award. 

Mikolay, Gustav, Vienna. Pipes and cigarette holders First award. 




114 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

REPORT OF THE CHAIRMAN OF JURORS. 



To the Commissioners of the Tasmanian Exhibition. 
GENTLEMEN, 

I have the honour to report that the judging and awards has been 
practically concluded. 

At the beginning of our labours I submitted to the juries the rules 
passed by the Commissioners for their guidance, and throughout their 
work the juries have implicitly followed the wishes of the Commis- 
sioners. 

The selection of jurors in some instances proved to be a work of time 
and patience, partly owing to the fact that many of the persons elected 
declined to act for various reasons. 

The total number of juries appointed was 50, and the number of 
jurors 101. We commenced our work on the 25th January, and com- 
pleted it on the i8th March. 

The exhibits were grouped alphabetically from A to H, but there were 
59 classes to be adjudicated upon. 

The total number of awards made is 1451, of which 398 are Special, 
672 First, 126 Second, and 255 Highly Commended. 

There were only two protests against the decision of the juries. These 
have been carefully investigated and satisfactorily adjusted. 

A Special Jury was appointed to deal with exhibits which had been 
erroneously classified. This jury also has dealt with complaints which 
were not actual protests, but merely slight errors in the awards. In all 
such cases this jury has dealt fairly with the complainants, and has 
given entire satisfaction. 

At the request of the Commissioners I have solicited and obtained 
from the juries separate prefatory reports, which will be found at the 
head of each of the groups. 

It would be invidious to mention any particular exbibit ; in fact, it 
would be difficult to say which of the Courts deserved the greatest 
credit. 

The number of awards may be taken as a criterion of the excellence 
of the exhibits, and a careful perusal of the award list will be the best 
guide in this matter. 

The valuable assistance I have received from the members of the 
various Juries, more especially from Messrs. Marsh, Whitfeld, and D. F. 
Scott, have materially lessened my work and responsibility. 

I have the honour, etc., 

JULES JOUBERT, 

Chairman of Juries. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 115 



THE CLOSING CEREMONY 



Was performed by His Excellency the Governor on March 22nd, in the 
presence of a brilliant assemblage, comprising Cabinet Ministers, the 
Speaker of the House of Assembly, delegates to the Postal Conference, 
the Commandant, the Sheriff of Tasmania, the leading residents of 
Launceston, and a number of visitors from Hobart and the country 
districts. 

The arrangements made by Mr. Joubert were, like all that gentleman's 
work, exceedingly complete. A dais had been erected opposite to the 
main entrance to the Albert Hall for the accommodation of the vice-regal 
party, and space was reserved immediately in front of it for those ladies 
and gentlemen possessing the right of private entree, the season ticket- 
holders being also provided for, whilst the general public were seated in 
the galleries. The choir occupied the stage, the tasteful dresses of the 
lady members adding materially to the attractiveness or the scene. 

Punctually at three o'clock His Excellency the Governor, accom- 
panied by Lady Hamilton and Mr. Harry Hamilton, the Mayor (Mr. S. 
J. Sutton) wearing his official chain and robes, and the Mayoress, arrived, 
and was received by the Commissioners and the leading Exhibition 
officials. A guard of honour, composed of members of the Launceston 
Rifle Regiment, under Captain Sadler, with Lieutenant Burrows as 
subaltern, were drawn up on either side of the passage leading from the 
main entrance to the dais, where seats were provided for them. The 
following members of the Postal Conference, with ladies, were also 
accommodated with chairs on the dais : Hon. John Kidd, M.P., and 
Mrs. Kidd, New South Wales ; Hon. J. Gavan Duffy, M.P., and Mrs. and 
Miss Duffy, Victoria ; Hon. Theodore Unmack, M.P., and Mrs. Unmack, 
Queensland; Mr. and Mrs. J. Smibert, Melbourne ; Hon. Wm. Copley, 
M.P., Adelaide ; Hon. R. A. Sholl, West Australia ; Mr. S. H. Lampton, 
New South Wales ; and Mr. T. C. Just, Secretary to the Conference ; 
also the members of the Tasmanian Ministry, Hons. B. S. Bird, 
Treasurer ; A. T. Pillinger, Minister of Lands ; and A. I. Clark, 
Attorney-General ; the Commandant, Colonel Warner ; and the Staff- 
Adjutant, Major Wallack. 

The hall was crowded, there being over 2000 present, including the 
Mayor of Hobart, Mr. T. A. Reynolds, with Aldermen G. Hiddlestone, 
G. S. Crouch, J. Baily, W. Smith, and J. W. Johnson, with the Town 
Clerk, Mr. W. H. Smith ; the Aldermen of Launceston, hon. Adye 
Douglas, M.L.C., Messrs. H. Edgell, D. Scott, E. H. Panton, P.Barrett, 

i 2 



Il6 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

M.H.A., W. I. Thrower, H. J. Dean, and R. H. Price, and the Town 
Clerk, Mr. C. W. Rocher ; and many of the leading citizens of Hobart 
and Launceston. 

The interior of the hall presented a very brilliant and animated appear- 
ance, this effect, of course, being due, to a considerable degree, to the 
large attendance of ladies, without whom the imposing ceremony would 
have lost much of its interest. The dais upon which the vice-regal party 
were seated was tastefully draped and furnished, the surroundings being 
in keeping with the occasion. The Exhibition orchestra and choir mus- 
tered in force, and the assemblage altogether may be said to have been 
save for the absence of representatives of H.M. Navy on a par with 
that of the opening ceremony. 

Upon the arrival of His Excellency, the regimental band played the 
National Anthem, and this was taken up by the orchestra and choir, the 
solos being rendered by Misses Ida Cox and Alice Grant. 

The Executive Commissioner (Mr. S. J. Sutton) opened the proceed- 
ings by offering the following prayer : 

" Almighty God, the Creator and Preserver of all things in heaven 
and earth, we, the creatures of Thine hand, desire to render in all 
humility the homage due to Thee. We thank Thee for the gifts of 
understanding and knowledge by which Thou hast taught us to search 
and apply the wondrous products of the arts and industries of men for 
the ultimate benefit of Thy creatures. Accept, we beseech Thee, our 
heartfelt thanks and gratitude, especially at this time when we are about 
closing this great gathering from all nations in the midst of the people 
of this island. Subdue in us all pride and vanity for the great success 
we have achieved, and teach us so to labour and use the knowledge we 
have acquired through this Exhibition of the work and handicraft of 
mankind that we may ever after benefit by the same, and in so doing 
work out the purposes of Thy holy will. Kindle our brotherly affection 
and gratitude towards all those who have assisted us in this great under- 
taking. Extend Thy blessing and Divine protection on all those who 
are about to leave our shores to return to their distant homes. We offer 
unto Thee our praise and prayer for a continuance of the further pro- 
gress and advancement of that knowledge and wisdom which have led 
to the achievements in skill, handicraft, and discoveries which have 
been displayed within these walls beseeching Thee to accept and bless 
them to our use. Through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who, with Thee and 
the Holy Spirit, liveth and reigneth ever one God, world without end. 
Amen." 

The choir then rendered in a very impressive manner Mr. Brunton 
Stephens' Australasian National Anthem. 

The Executive Commissioner read the following address : 
" To His Excellency Sir Robert George Crookshank Hamilton, 

K.C.M.G. 
" YOUR EXCELLENCY, 

"We, the Commissioners for the Tasmanian Exhibition, desire 
once again to welcome you within these walls, and repeat to you, as the 
representative of Her Most Gracious Majesty, the assurance of our 
devoted loyalty to Her Majesty's crown and person. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. IIJ 

"On the 25th of November last your Excellency was pleased to 
declare this Exhibition open to the public. 

" For the warm interest manifested by your Excellency from the in- 
ception of the undertaking we have to express to your Excellency our 
deep gratitude. 

" The Commissioners have much pleasure in stating that universal 
satisfaction was expressed by the Press and the public with all the 
arrangements in connection with the opening ceremony, the general 
working of the Exhibition, the jury work, and, indeed, everything in 
connection with this great undertaking. 

" The duties of the Commissioners have been made easy, owing to 
the willing co-operation of the official and other representatives from 
Great Britain, the Continent of Europe, and the sister colonies, as well 
as the exhibitors from our own island. 

" We are glad of an opportunity to tender here publicly our thanks to 
those gentlemen with whom it has been our privilege to come in contact, 
and with whom we have become better acquainted since the opening of 
this Exhibition. We hope that they will, one and all, carry with them 
to their distant homes a pleasing recollection of their stay in Tasmania. 
We also trust that commercially they will reap the benefit of the con- 
nections they may have formed in this colony. 

" One of the attractions of this Exhibition has been the music in the 
Albert Hall. We would fail in our duty if we omitted to thank the 
ladies and gentlemen of the choir, who, under the conductorship of Mr. 
A. Wallace, have done such good service. 

" We have to record our recognition of the arduous work of the jurors 
who have awarded prizes in the several groups, with so much care and 
attention that the protests have been so few and so readily adjusted that 
we may justly say that the awards have given universal and unanimous 
satisfaction. 

"The attendance from the day of opening to the closing numbers 
243,000, which, taken as compared with the total population of this city 
(17,248), or that of Tasmania (146,667), compares more than favour- 
ably with the records of previous Exhibitions in any part of the globe. 

" It is gratifying to state that amongst the visitors a fair number came 
from Europe, and a very large proportion from the sister colonies. 

" Thanks to the liberality of the Government and of the chief of the 
Railway Department, arrangements were made by the railway for a very 
large number of our fellow-colonists from almost every part of the 
island, and nearly all the State-school children have had an opportunity 
of visiting the Exhibition. 

" Financially, we think that the Tasmanian Exhibition will prove an 
exception to the general rule, and leave a balance in the hands of the 
Commissioners. 



n8 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



" Prior to calling on your Excellency to declare the Exhibition closed 
we beg to hand yom the following list of awards which have been made, 
as under : 



Country. 


Special 
First. 


First. 


Second. 


Hon. 
mention. 


Total. 


Great Britain 


i*3 


2IO 


12 


28 


363 


France 


4 


13 





2 


19 


Germany 


II 


6 





2 


'9 


Austria 


7 


6 


I 


2 


16 


Italy 





3 








3 


Switzerland ... 


1 


i 








i 


United States 


5 


5 








10 


Victoria 


70 


133 


20 


37 


260 


New South Wales ... 


40 


34 


II 


12 


97 


South Australia 


17 


18 


8 


3 


46 


Queensland ... 


4 


3 





i 


8 


New Zealand 


H 


22 


6 


6 


48 


Tasmania 


"3 


218 


68 


.162 


561 


Total 


398 


6 7 2 


126 


255 


1451 



His Excellency, in reply, said : Commissioners of the Tasmanian 
International Exhibition : Before declaring this Exhibition closed in 
accordance with your desire, I wish to express my high appreciation of 
the labours of those gentlemen upon whom the conduct of it has 
devolved, and to congratulate all concerned upon the wonderful success 
this Exhibition has attained. (Cheers.) Undertakings of this sort have 
become an important factor in this age of progress, and I join with you 
in the hope that the community of Tasmania will reap substantial benefit 
from the Tasmanian International Exhibition of 1891-92. (Cheers.) 
I rejoice to hear that everything connected with this Exhibition has been 
so satisfactory, and that such ready and efficient help has been afforded 
to the undertaking by all connected with it, as well as by the Press, who 
have given to its proceedings the prominence they deserve. Having 
regard to the population of Launceston and of Tasmania generally, the 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 119 

number of admissions is, I believe, unprecedentedly numerous, and 
your anticipation that this great undertaking will not only be accom- 
panied by no financial loss, but that a substantial balance will remain in 
the hands of the Commissioners, is matter for the greatest congratula- 
tion. (Cheers.) I now declare this Exhibition closed. 

His Excellency then resumed his seat amidst cheers. 

The official representatives of the various countries exhibiting occupied 
seats on the left side of the dais, and at the conclusion of the addresses 
and reply they were called upon by His Excellency to receive the declara- 
tion of awards in the following order : Great Britain, Mr. Arthur Day ; 
France, M. Victor Laruelle ; Germany, Austria, and Italy, Herr 
Bossomaier ; Victoria, Mr. D. Fergus Scott ; New South Wales, Mr. H. 
B. Hardt ; South Australia, Mr. F. Notley Meadows ; Queensland, Mr. 
Louis Saber; New Zealand, Mr. F. Notley Meadows; Tasmania, Mr. 
Alex. Morton. Switzerland and the United States were not repre- 
sented. 

As each representative stepped to the dais to receive the awards he 
was accorded a cordial round of applause, considerable enthusiasm 
being manifested at the appearance of Mr. Arthur Day and Mr. D. 
Fergus Scott. 

"The Old Hundredth," sung by the choir, brought the proceedings to 
a close. It may be added that the singing was excellent throughout, 
and that Mr. A. Wallace as usual conducted, Miss Frost presiding at 
the organ. 



THE BRITISH ' 1 AT HOME." 

On the evening of the closing date Mr. Arthur Day, the Official Agent 
for Great Britain, gave an " At Home" in the building. The Court was 
closed to the public, and was adorned with choice flowers and fairy 
lights, whilst tables laden with light refreshments were placed in various 
parts of the room for the space, with its nicely-grouped chairs and 
sparkling ornaments, really resembled a drawing-room. The names of 
the guests were announced as they entered the Court, and the guests 
were received by the genial host with that cordiality with which he 
always greets his visitors. The popularity of the Official Agent for 
Great Britain was testified to by the number of ladies and gentlemen 
who accepted his invitation, amongst whom were His Excellency the 
Governor and Lady Hamilton, Cabinet Ministers of Tasmania and the 
Colonies, the Executive Commissioner, the Official Agents for Austria, 
Germany, France, Victoria, New South Wales, and New Zealand, Mr. 
Ford (representing the New South Wales Department of Mines), and 
the leading citizens of Launceeton. A string band played musical selec- 
tions in the early part of the evening, and later on the services of St. 
Joseph's Band were engaged. The " At Home " was in every respect a 
thorough success. It opened with a hearty British welcome, and closed 
with a cordial greeting from one who has made many friends in this 
city. 

At the termination of the " At Home," the Mayor called for three 
cheers for Mr. Day, which were very heartily given, the building echoing 



120 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

again and again with the tribute of respect and warm feeling shown to 
the British representative. After this the good old chorus " He's a jolly 
good fellow " was given. 

Mr. Arthur Day, in acknowledging the compliment, said that he was 
exceedingly glad to have been present at the Tasmanian International 
Exhibition. He had made many new friends while he had been in 
Launceston, and he had renewed his acquaintance with many he had 
met in Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide, and Dunedin. To all those friends 
he extended his most hearty thanks for the kindly courteousness they 
had displayed towards him. He had spent a pleasant time while in 
Tasmania. There might be some people here who considered he 
"pushed" Great Britain too much (cries of "No, no! It is our 
mother country!") but he would, wherever he was, endeavour to for- 
ward the interests of that dear land, and unless he in his position as its 
representative came first in connection with exhibitions he would not go 
at all. England was justly proud of the little colony in which he was at 
present representing her. She knew that the resources of the island 
were great, and that her people were right loyal subjects of Her Majesty 
the Queen. Some insignificant and ill-advised people in the Colonies 
endeavoured to raise the cry of separation from the mother land (inter- 
jections of " No, never !") but that could never be, for if they ever 
seriously attempted such a course they must sink. He would like all to 
be unanimous in wishing to keep Great Britain and her dependencies 
united as one whole nation, with the same sympathies and destiny. The 
standard of Great Britain could not be lowered, and they, as subjects, 
should do all in their power to maintain its historic glory. In conclusion, 
he again thanked those from whom he had received so many kindnesses 
in Launceston. 



THE MAYORAL PICNIC. 



The official closing of the Tasmanian International Exhibition formed 
the occasion of an exceedingly pleasant picnic at Denison Gorge on 
March 23rd, when 161 guests assembled at the invitation of the Mayor, 
Mr. S. J. Sutton, M.H.A. A special train left the Launceston railway 
station at eleven o'clock, and arrived at its destination a couple of hours 
later, having made a short stay at one of the wayside stations, where the 
fragrant weed was distributed to smokers amongst the party. A large 
marquee had been erected at the Gorge, and was tastefully decorated 
with flags and evergreens, whilst a recherche luncheon was spread 
beneath its shelter. Denison Gorge is a romantic spot, and the minds 
of those present could not but contrast the present with the past, and 
speculate upon the surprise which the pioneer residents of the district 
would have experienced at seeing tables laden with choice viands at the 
Denison Gorge. The catering was all that could be desired; indeed, it 
was in keeping with the reputation for princely hospitality which Mayor 
Sutton has acquired. His Worship was untiring in his endeavours to 
promote the pleasure and comfort of his guests, and was ably assisted 
by the Town Clerk, Mr. C. W. Rocher, to whose excellent arrange- 
ments much of the success of the gathering must be attributed. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 121 

Very soon after the arrival of the train the guests sat down to partake 
of the good things provided. 

The chair was occupied by Mayor Sutton, who had on his right the 
Treasurer (Hon. B. S. Bird), Attorney-General (Hon. A. I. Clark), 
Minister of Lands (Hon. A. T. Pillinger). Mr. P. Barrett, M.H.A., and 
Mr. Henry Button ; and on his left the Mayor of Hobart (Mr. Reynolds), 
the Speaker of the House of Assembly (Hon. N. J. Brown), Hon. Adye 
Douglas, and Hon. W. Dodery, M.L.C. 

After ample justice had been done to the viands, 

The Mayor proposed the usual loyal toasts, "The Queen," "The 
Prince and Princess of Wales," and "His Excellency the Governor" 
who was unavoidably absent and made feeling reference to the recent 
royal bereavement. The toasts were loyally honoured. 

Mr. H. Button proposed " The Ministry." In doing so he said under 
the British Constitution the Sovereign, the Lords, and the Commons had 
to form the laws ; but Gladstone had told them that a fourth estate had 
grown up, and that was the Ministry, who were charged with the respon- 
sibility of seeing that the laws were duly carried out, that the subordi- 
nate departments were worked properly, and to endeavour by every 
possible means to advance the interests of the country, and to advise 
measures for the achievement of these advantages. In some of the 
British Colonies lately Canada especially there had been an amount 
of corruption that had brought discredit upon some of their institutions ; 
certainly upon the Administration in Canada ; but it had never been the 
misfortune of Tasmania, throughout all the changes of Administration, 
to record anything approaching what had occurred there ; and he 
thought that they could all give the Government of the day credit [for 
having acted according to the best of their judgment. (Cheers.) It 
was necessary that opinions should differ, for a conflict of opinion 
generally led to bringing out the truth (hear) and Tasmania had had 
the good fortune to have a succession of Ministries who had certainly 
not brought disgrace upon the colony. (Cheers.) There were very 
often outside influences which were prejudicial to the administration of 
the law. Personal interests were sometimes antagonistic to the general 
interests of the community, and it was possible to take advantage of the 
" powers that be" to carry them out ; but he thought they had very little 
to complain of in that respect, and he was quite sure that their popula- 
tion would continue to maintain that vigilance in regard to the 
administration of the affairs of the country which, he believed, had had 
a great deal to do with their present position. (Cheers.) Mill said 
" The price of liberty is eternal vigilance." Whatever confidence they 
might have in the Ministry, however they might admire them, they must 
watch them (a voice : "We do") and watch others outside as well. 
(Hear.) He thought the present Ministry had really played a very 
important and successful part in our little politics, and at any rate in the 
great event which had brought them together to-day the celebration of 
the close of the Tasmanian International Exhibition, which owed a con- 
siderable amount of its success to the assistance afforded by the Ministry 
of the day. They had required a little pressure, no doubt (Hear, hear, 
and laughter) but it was their duty to require pressure. If every 
project that human ingenuity could devise were to receive aid from the 
Treasury by merely proposing it they would be involved in endless 



I22 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

expenditure. Holding these views he had great pleasure in proposing 
" The health of the Ministry." 

The toast was enthusiastically drunk, the company singing " For they 
are jolly good fellows." 

The Treasurer (Hon. B. S. Bird), who was received with loud and 
continued cheering, in responding to the toast, expressed regret that his 
hon. colleague the Premier (Hon. P. O. Pysh) was not present, for, 
knowing the flights of eloquence into which he could rise, he (Mr. Bird) 
felt at a disadvantage. However, he had to thank them, and he did 
thank them, on behalf of the Ministry, very heartily for the very kind 
way in which the toast had been received, and would endeavour to cut 
his remarks, as his colleague, the Premier, always did, very short. 
(Laughter.) They were supposed to be celebrating the funeral of the 
Tasmanian International Exhibition. (Cries of "No, there is a big kick 
in it yet.") Well, there were evidently believers in resurrection, but in 
what form the Exhibition was going to live after its closing he did not 
know. However, they were celebrating the official closing, and they all 
felt that it had been prosperous. Many in Hobart had looked forward 
with a large amount of interest to the opening, and many doubted 
whether it would be a success, but all were gratified to see that the 
attendance had been good, and the efforts of the Commissioners had 
been so successful, and the show what it ought to have been. (Cheers.) 
Indeed, they all felt that it had exceeded their most sanguine anticipa- 
tions. He was wondering what the Commissioners were going to do 
with the surplus. (A voice : " Give it to the Treasurer. 5 ') He was 
trying to remember whether the Government had paid over the whole of 
the ^4000 that Parliament had so generously voted for the Exhibition. 
There was to be a surplus of some 2000 (a voice : " ^"3000 ") and 
the Mayor was very reticent about this sum. But he had been giving 
him some advice concerning it. There was a lot of depression in some 
of the colonies at the present time, and he could hardly hope, sanguine 
as he was in most things, to do without " putting on the screw," as 
Treasurer, and a thousand or two would be acceptable from the surplus 
(a voice : " Don't you wish you may get it ?" and laughter) if the 
Mayor, with his well-known generosity, would hand it over. (Laughter.) 
For the very kind things that had been said of the Ministry he and he 
was sure he spoke for his colleagues was very grateful. He thought it 
might be said that all the Ministries who had held office in the colony 
had endeavoured honestly and earnestly to do their best for the colony, 
and trusted that the time was far distant when men would hold office 
who would be actuated by any other motives. (Cheers.) As for the 
present Ministry, they all knew that they administered the laws so well 
that nothing was ever said against them ; they did all things so well, 
even down to the minor details of customs in relation to customs. 
(Laughter.) It was a good thing that the Ministry had a watchful 
Opposition, both in the Parliament and the Press, and he always tried 
to profit by fair criticism, and tried to show it up if it was not fair. 
(Hear, hear.) He concluded by expressing the hope that the Govern- 
ment would profit by past experience, and that in the present Ministry 
the people of this colony had a Government in whom they might worthily 
place their confidence. (Cheers.) 

Mr. Alex. Webster (one of the Commissioners) proposed the toast of 
" The Parliament of Tasmania." As treasurer of the Exhibition, he said 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 123 

he would know pretty clearly where the money was going before he 
signed a cheque. (Laughter.) He thought the Parliament of Tasmania 
would bear very favourable comparison with those of the adjoining 
colonies. They had their " ins and outs," and those who were out did 
all they possibly could to change places with those who were fortunate 
enough to be in, and so Parliament ran on. There were many who 
criticised their Parliament, and sometimes the criticism was deserved, 
but he thought members were entitled to their thanks for the services 
they had rendered to the colony. Alluding to the Exhibition, he paid a 
tribute to the Mayor, who had taken so active a part in it, and to all 
those who had assisted in making it the most successful Exhibition in 
the colonies. He was sure that the Government would be recouped for 
the amount of money they had advanced, and that the country generally 
would derive immense benefit from the Exhibition. (Cheers.) 

The Hon. Wm. Dodery briefly responded on behalf of the Legislative 
Council. 

The Hon. Nicholas Brown (Speaker of the House of Assembly) in 
responding on behalf of that body expressed his thanks for the manner 
in which the toast had been received. They had often been told, he said, 
that Parliament was what the people made it ; but while that was per- 
fectly true, it was only a half truth, for Parliament was very much what 
members themselves made it. (Hear, hear.) So long, however, as 
they recognised the truths and doctrines which underlaid the constitu- 
tion, then Parliamentary institutions would be a success, and as far as 
Tasmania was concerned, it would, as Mr. Webster had said, bear 
favourable comparison with other colonies. Where they had failed it 
was owing to a want of recognition of the laws of the foundation of the 
Constitution. He alluded to the work done by the present Ministry, 
and passing on to the Exhibition expressed the opinion that its good 
results would be felt for many years. One of the results, it was hoped, 
would be the removal of the restrictions which had been gradually built 
up against each other's commerce. With regard to the Mayor of 
Launceston, when the future historian of Tasmania recorded the events 
of 1891-92, amongst the names of those who had done good service to 
the country would be that of Samuel J, Sutton. (Loud and continued 
cheering.) He again thanked them for the way in which the toast had 
been honoured, and wished the Exhibition a successful issue. (Cheers.) 

The Hon. Adye Douglas proposed "The Municipal Institutions 
throughout Tasmania," and in doing so alluded to the great amount of 
good derived by the people from Municipal government, and the 
assistance the various Councils, Trusts, and Boards were to the Parlia- 
ment. At the same time he would like to see the system extended in 
Tasmania, so that the people would better understand the power they 
possessed having a voice in the election of members of Parliament. The 
toast was enthusiastically drunk. 

The Mayor of Hobart (Mr. T. A. Reynolds), in responding, alluded 
to the criticisms to which members of Municipal Institutions and Par- 
liament were subjected, and expressed the opinion that although com- 
plaints were made of the taxies levied, the results of the Corporation 
expenditure were sufficient return for the money paid by the citizens in 
this form. 

Hon. A. I. Clark (Attorney- General) proposed the health of the 
Commissioners of the Tasmanian International Exhibition. He had not 



124 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

the pleasure of being present at the opening, but was pleased at witness- 
ing the ceremony which took place at the close of a career of success. 
He believed the Commissioners had done the whole colony good a 
good which would be felt outside the colony. The Exhibition had 
effectually removed the slur cast upon Tasmania by people who called 
it " Sleepy Hollow," for it had shown that its people could do as well as 
-any others, and perhaps better. (Cheers.) One .particular feature of 
the Exhibition was that the Commissioners exactly measured what could 
be done they had not fallen into contempt by making it too small, nor 
had they brought about a fiasco by attempting too much. The Exhibi- 
tion would be long remembered in the history of the colony, and the 
Commissioners also, who had rendered a national service. 

The Mayor, who was received with cheers, in responding, said the 
Commissioners had adapted themselves to circumstances. But they 
owed a very great debt to several factors the principal of which was the 
Municipal Council, who had built the Albert Hall, without which the 
Exhibition could not have succeeded (hear) the next was the fact that 
the Tasmanian Government had contributed ^4000 towards the object, 
and he believed that from the Premier downwards the Parliament were 
satisfied with the result of their liberality, for the Commissioners had 
done their best, and the result financially and otherwise was good. (Hear.) 
He was one of those who expected great results from the Exhibition, both 
in this and the other colonies (cheers) and, moreover, it would stimu- 
late the southern capital to hold a similar Exhibition in future years. 
(Hear.) The results of the Exhibition would not only be enjoyed by 
themselves, for some of them would soon shuffle off this mortal coil, but 
by their children, who would reap the lull advantage. His brother 
Commissioners had also been stimulated by the same idea. They had 
played their little game, and let them hope there were better things to 
follow. If there were any dissatisfied people in the community let them 
ask themselves if it was possible that a body of less than a quarter of a 
million of people could carry out such an institution without good results 
following ? (Cheers.) 

Mr. Jules Joubert (General Manager) who, in rising to respond, was 
received with loud and continued cheering, said he had been nine or 
ten months in Launceston, having come at the solicitation of his friend 
Mr. Sutton, and at the suggestion, when he was in Dunedin, of his friend 
Mr. A. Barrett. He had always been told that Tasmania was a little 
paradise, and after ten months residence he must tell them that he had 
travelled the world over and never was in a country more charming, 
oth in regard to climate and people. Certainly the people were some- 
times slow to move, but when they did move it was for a good purpose. 
It was a matter for wonder how warmly the Commissioners had plunged 
into the project for the Exhibition. They did not join the eight hours 
movement, but had worked many hours a day ; and though he had been 
connected with forty-seven exhibitions, he had never seen one so suc- 
cessful as that which had just closed. (Cheers.) It was successful, in 
the first instance, because wisdom had selected for it a site which, 
geographically, was the most acceptable in the colony, being easily 
accessible to the larger sister colonies ; and then it was carried out by 
earnest men whose hearts were in the right place. (Cheers.) As the 
chairman had told them, the Corporation had erected a magnificent 
building, which for years to come would be an ornament to the city ; 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 125 

and as for the money they had borrowed for it was really borrowing it 
had been returned, for the Treasurer would find that the increase of traffic 
on the railways and the increase of revenue from the Customs duties 
would amply repay the Government. (Hear, hear.) Moreover, the 
extension of the trade of the colony with the world at large would be a 
great benefit to the Treasurer. They knew that a great many visitors had 
taken an interest in the mining industry, and he believed that nine-tenths 
of the money realised by some of those who were connected with the 
Exhibition had been invested in mining in the colony. The views of 
the people had been expanded, and the results of the Exhibition, far 
from dying out, would remain a permanent benefit to the colony. As 
for himself, he had not benefited pecuniarily largely, but he had 
benefited in having made a large number of staunch friends, and when 
he left Tasmania the list of his friends would be largely increased. 
There were some people could regret him, and he asked whom on earth 
the statesman he meant the Democrat, and all democrats thought they 
were statesmen would have to abuse when he had gone. That was not 
a lapsus lingua, and he would like to have the Democrat sent to him 
after he left the colony, because qui bene amat bene castigat if it did 
not like him it would not chastise him. (Laughter and cheers.) 

The Hon. A.T. Pillinger (Minister of Lands), in an appropriate speech, 
proposed the health of the Mayor, alluding in happy terms to the fact 
that much of the success of the Exhibition was due to that gentleman's 
energy. 

The Mayor briefly returned thanks. 

Mr. Peter Barrett proposed the toast of " The Exhibitors and Visitors," 
and in doing so alluded in flattering terms to the visiting representatives, 
and to the excellent taste which had been displayed in the arrangement 
of the products of the various countries. He referred to the difficulty 
which had existed in the primary negotiations in connection with the 
Exhibition, and said when the Ministry were approached first they were 
the most unbelieving set that he had ever met with. (Laughter). How- 
ever, they had redeemed their reputation, and he was glad that all had 
ended well. 

The toast was cordially honoured. 

Mr. D. Fergus Scott responded, and regretted that Mr. Arthur Day 
and the representatives of foreign countries, South Australia, New 
Zealand, and New South Wales were absent. On behalf of Victoria he 
returned hearty thanks for the manner in which the company had 
honoured the toast, and in a few happy remarks referred to the pleasant 
relations which had always existed between the exhibitors and the Com- 
missioners, and hoped that the Exhibition would more closely federate 
the colonies. 

Mr. H. Nicholls (editor of the Hobart Mercury) also responded, and 
referred to the fact that when he was approached by the Executive 
Commissioner to give his support to the Exhibition he had consented to 
do so, and done so without any jealousy as to North and South. 
(Cheers.) He was present to offer his congratulations upon the success 
of the Exhibition, and not to speak paltry nonsense of North or South. 
The success of the Exhibition had been splendid ; they had accom- 
plished more than he could have believed possible under the most 
favourable circumstances, and he congratulated them heartily upon it. 
(Cheers.) 



126 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Mr. A. Barrett proposed the toast " The Ladies," and in doing so 
accorded a graceful and happy tribute to the Lady Mayoress (Mrs. S. J. 
Sutton). 

Hon. H. I. Rooke appropriately responded. 

The remaining toasts were "The Press," proposed by Mr. John 
Henry M.H.A., responded to by Mr. Ronald W. Smith (Launceston 
Examiner'), Mr. J. W. McWilliams (Daily Telegraph), Mr. H. Nicholls 
(Hobart Mercury), and Mr. Sharpe (Democrat}, and "The Host" 
(Mayor Sutton) . 

Luncheon over, the visitors divided themselves into parties, and strolled 
up the Gorge until the bell sounded for the return trip, but before taking 
their seats in the train their thoughtful host had provided tea and 
biscuits for their delectation. The weather, which was somewhat threat- 
ening in the morning, did not fulfil the apprehensions which were enter- 
tained, the clerk, no doubt, feeling that when the sun of prosperity had 
beamed so continuously on the Tasmanian International Exhibition it 
would be bad taste on his part to throw a damper on its concluding 
incident. The special left the Gorge at 5' 15 p.m., and reached the 
terminal station at 7 p.m., and the hearty cheers which the guests, when 
they alighted upon the platform, tendered to the -Mayor and Mayoress 
constituted a compliment as well deserved as it was hearty and 'spon- 
taneous. 



AGRICULTURAL & HORTICULTURAL SHOW. 



On April i and 2 an Inter-Tasmanian Agricultural and Horticultural 
Show was held in the Exhibition building, which resulted in the best and 
most comprehensive display yet made in the colony. The southern 
societies and residents, notably Mr. C. E. Davies, Secretary to the Tas- 
manian Pastoral and Agricultural Association, entered heartily into the 
project, and contributed largely to the success which fittingly crowned 
the career of the Exhibition. 

The following were the judges : 

GROUPS A. and B. CEREALS, GRASS and OTHER FARM SEEDS. 
Messrs. S. J. Sutton, E. Gaunt, G. P. Hudson. 

GROUP C. ROOTS. Messrs. E. H. Sutton, sen., D. Burke, James 
Lamont. 

GROUPS D., E., and G. VEGETABLES, FRUIT, HOPS, and HORTICUL- 
TURAL. Messrs. Box, Stewart, T. Wade, Robertson, M. E Robinson 
E. Whitfeld. 

DAIRY PRODUCE. Messrs. Johnston, sen. (Hobart), R. Douglas 
Harris, W. R Marsh. 

POULTRY. Messrs. George Padman, W. McElwee, H. Heald. 
DOGS. Messrs. T. H. Bosworth, T. Carr, H. Weedon. 
GROUP I. MACHINERY. Messrs. A. Webster, Wm. Luck, Jas. Scott. 
APICULTURE. Messrs. W. Smith and S. Bendall. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 127 

F :R i z E LIST. 

GROUP A. CEREALS. 

Winter Wheat First prize, 2 ; second, i. T. W. Monds and Son, 
Carrick, 2\ bushels, grown by John Friend, Glenore, 67^1b., i ; W. H. 
D. Archer, Brickendon, Longford, Braemar Velvet, 65|lb., 2 ; York, 
Schmidt, and Company, Sheffield, Kentishbury, Boutcher's Velvet, grown 
by George Morris, f>^\b., H.C. 

Spring Wheat First prize, 2 ; second, i. T. W. Monds and Son, 
3^ bushels, grown by John Hall, Blshopsbourne, 6g^\b., i ; R. Newey 
and Sons, Launceston, i bag, 681b., 2. 

Wheat in sheaf, 6 sheaves First prize, \. York, Schmidt, and Co., 
Boutcher's Velvet, grown by Messrs. C. and W. Banfield, 681b., i. 

Chevalier Barley First prize, i. W. F. B. French, Glenore, 6olb. 

English Barley First prize, i. R. Newey and Sons. 

Cape Barley First prize, \ ; second, medal. R. Newey and Sons, 
i bag, i ; W. H. D. Archer, from half an acre of land, yield 32 bushels, 2. 

Tartarian Oats First prize, i. R. Newey and Sons. 

Milling Oats, any variety, name of oats to be stated First prize, i ; 
second, medal. T. W. Monds and Son, 54ilb., i ; J. Scott and Son, 
Leith Mill, River Forth, 52^5., 2; York, Schmidt, and Co., Sheffield, 
Kentishbury, grown by Mr. A. G. Peart, 53ilb., H.C. 

Oats in sheaf, 6 sheaves First prize, i ; second, certificate of merit. 
York, Schmidt, and Company, Sheffield, Kentishbury, grown by David 
Hope. 

Rye Prize, medal. R. Newey and Sons, 2. 

Golden Tares Prize, medal. R. Newey and Sons, i ; A. Harrap 
and Son, Cameron Street, 2. 

Grey Tares Prize, medal. R. Newey and Sons. 

Grey Peas Prize, medal. W. F. B. French, Glenore, i ; York, 
Schmidt, and Co., grown by John Hope, 2 ; R. Newey and Sons, H.C. 

Dun Peas Prize, medal. R. Newey and Sons, i ; A. Harrap and 
Son, 2. 

1 Any other Cereal, not otherwise enumerated Prize, medal. Henry 
Williams, Hillside, Ulverstone, i bag white peas, i ; F. W. Briggs, 
Scottsdale, bag of Johnson's Wonderful beans, i and 2 ; R. Newey and 
Sons, bag blue peas, H.C. 

Flour (Roller), i sack, from Tasmanian wheat First prize, 2 ; 
second, i. John Luck and Co., West Devonport, i ; T. W. Monds 
and Son, 2 ; Thomas Affleck and Son, Longford, H.C. 

Oatmeal, i cwt. First prize, i ; second, medal. T. W. Monds and 
Son, i ; J. Scott and Son, 2. 

Rolled Oats, i cwt. First prize, i. T. W. Monds and Son. 

Pearl Barley, i cwt. First prize, i. T. W. Monds and Son. 

Milling Wheat, i sack. Special prize by Daniel Archer, Esq., Long- 
ford Hall, /i is. W. H. D. Archer. 

i bushel White Wheat, i bushel Tartarian Oats, i bushel Cape Bar- 
ley, i bushel Italian Grass Seed shown collectively, and grown in 
Tasmania Special prize, by George F. Thirkell, Esq., Darlington Park, 
i is. R. Newey and Son, Launceston. 

Extra. A. Harrap and Son, Cameron Street, Launceston, blue peas. 



128 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

GROUP B. GRASS SEEDS AND OTHER FARM SEEDS. 

English Rye Grass Seed First prize, IDS.; second, medal. R. Newey 
and Sons, i ; A. Harrap and Son, 2. 

Italian Rye Grass Seed First prize, IDS.; second, medal. John 
Langdon, Eskavillaton, King's Meadows, i and 2. 

Cocksfoot Grass Seed First prize, IDS.; second, medal. R. Newey 
and Sons, i ; F. W. Briggs, 2. 

Meadow Fescue Grass Seed First prize, IDS. R. Newey and Sons. 

Timothy Grass Seed First prize, los. R. Newey and Sons. 

Prairie Grass Seed First prize, IDS.; second, medal. A. Harrap and 
Son, i ; R. Newey and Sons, 2. 

Rib Grass Seed First prize, IDS. R. Newey and Sons, i and 2. 

White Clover Seed First prize, ios.; second, medal. R. Newey and 
Sons, i and 2. 

Red Clover Seed First prize, ios.; second, medal. R. Newey and 
Sons, i and 2. 

Hop Clover Seed First prize, ios. ; second, medal. R. Newey and 
Sons. 

Lucerne Seed First prize, ios. R. Newey and Sons. 

Trefoil First prize, ios.; second, medal. R. Newey and Sons. 

Any species of grass or Clover Seed not otherwise enumerated First 
prize, ios. ; second, medal. R. Newey and Sons, i bag Cow Grass 
Clover, English, i; R. Newey and Sons, i bag Hungarian Forage Grass, 
2 ; R. Newey and Sons, i bag Alsyke Clover, English, H.C. 

Canary Seed First prize; ios. R. Newey and Sons. 

Hemp Seed First prize, ios. R. Newey and Sons. 

Rape Seed First prize, ios. R. Newey and Sons. 

Linseed First prize, ios.; second, medal. Hatton and Laws, i and 
2 ; R. Newey and Sons, H.C. 

Meadow Soft Grass. R. Newey and Sons. 

Collection of Agricultural Seeds Prize, i. R. Newey and Sons. 

Extra. Thomas Affleck and Son, Longford, Digestive Meal. 

GROUP C. ROOTS. 

Long Mangolds, 6 First prize, ios.; second, medal. W.E. Shoobridge, 
I ; J. Marshall, Strath, Hagley, 2. 

Yellow Globe Mangolds, 6 First prize, ios.; second, medal. R. 
Newey and Sons, i and 2 ; W. E. Shoobridge, H.C. 

Swede Turnips, 6 First prize, ios.; second, medal. J. Woolnough, 
Evandale Junction, i ; York, Schmidt, and Co., grown by Joseph Cox, 
area under crop 2 acres, average yield 10 tons, 2. 

Field Carrots, i sack First prize, ios.; second, medal. W. E. 
Shoobridge, i ; R. Newey and Sons, 2. 

Garden Carrots, i sack First prize, ios.; second, medal. W. E. 
Shoobridge, i ; W. Ling, 2 and H.C. 

Parsnips, i sack First prize, ios.; second, medal. W. E. Shoobridge, 
i ; J. Marshall, 2 ; J. H. Huett, Harbourne, near Elizabeth Town, H.C. 

Onions, i sack First prize, ios.; second, medal. W. Ling, i and 2 ; 
R. Hall, H.C. 

Potatoes, i sack First prize, ios.; second medal. James A. Fogg, 
Ulverstone, i bag "Redskin," grown on 12 acres, digging 6 tons of 
marketable potatoes, i ; John Lade, St. Mary's, H.C. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. I2g 

Potatoes, collection 3 varieties, i sack of each First prize, i ; 
second, IDS. York, Schmidt, and Co., Kentishbury, grown by E. Sulli- 
van, 2 ; F. Rees, H.C. 

Turnips and Chicory First prize, ios.; second, medal. W. E. 
Shoobridge. 

Collection or Trophy of Roots, not less than 6 sorts First prize, i. 
W. E. Shoobridge. 

GROUP D. VEGETABLES AND HOPS. 

Cabbage, 3 heads First prize, 55.; second, Certificate of Merit. W. 
E. Shoobridge, i ; F. Walker, 2. 

Red Cabbage, 3 heads First prize, 55.; second, Certificate of Merit, 
W. E. Shoobridge, i ; W. McOrmond, 2. 

Cauliflower, 3 heads First prize, 53. W. E. Shoobridge. 

Peas, half peck First prize, 55. Frank Walker and Co., H.C. 

French Beans, 3lb. First prize, 55. F. Walker, 2. 

Runner Beans, 3lb. First prize, 53. W. Ling. 

Celery, 3 heads First prize, 53.; second, Certificate of Merit. W. 
Ling, i ; Frank Walker and Co., 2. 

Vegetable Marrows, 3 First prize, 55.; second, Certificate of Merit. 
Frank Walker, i ; W. Ling, 2 ; Charles Wathen, H.C. 

Pumpkin, i First prize, 53. ; second, Certificate of Merit. Robert 
Headlam, Vaucluse,Conara,i; Frank Walker, 2 ; W. E. Shoobridge, H.C. 

Lettuce, 3 First prize, 53.; second, Certificate of Merit. Frank 
Walker, i ; W. E. Shoobridge, 2. 

Tomatoes, 3lb. First prize, 53.; second, Certificate of Merit. Wm. 
Ling, i and 2. 

Spinach, half peck First prize, 53.; second, Certificate of Merit. 
Frank Walker. 

Any other Culinary Vegetable not otherwise enumerated First prize, 
53.; second, Certificate of Merit. R. Newey and Sons, i and 2. 

Collection of Vegetables, 8 sorts First prize, /"i ; second, ios. W. 
E. Shoobridge, i ; Wm. Ling, 2 ; Frank Walker, V.H.C.; Sutton and 
Son's collective exhibit, First-class Certificate of Merit; F. Abbot, 
Hobart, Certificate of Merit. 

Hops, i bale First prize, ^2 ; second, i. C. E. Knight and Co., 
Dunn Street, Hobart (1892, H. Nicholson), i ; T. Nicholson, jun., 2 ; 
Rufus Jeffry, 3. 

GROUP E. FRUIT. 

Apples, Culinary, soft, i plate of 5 Apples First prize, ios.; second, 
medal. Frank Walker, i ; George Wm. Salier, Vine Grove, Scottsdale, 
2 ; J. N. Palmer, Bagdad, Com. 

Apples, Culinary, keeping, i plate of 5 apples First prize, ios.; 
second, medal. Dr. Benjafield, Hobart, i ; C. G. H. Lloyd, Bryn Estyn, 
New Norfolk, 2 ; F. W. Briggs, Scottsdale, 3. 

Apples, Dessert, soft, i plate of 5 apples First prize, ios.; second, 
medal. Robert C. Gatenby, Stewarton, i ; Frank Walker, 2 ; F. W. 
Briggs, H.C. 

Apples, Dessert, keeping, i plate of 5 apples First prize, ios.; 
second, medal. N. Turner, Lilydale, i ; Dr. Benjnfield, 2 ; C. G. H. 
Lloyd, Bryn Estyn, New Norfolk, H.C. 



130 



OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 



Pears, Culinary, i plate of 5 pears First prize, ios.; second, medal. 
Alex. W. Millar, Glen Hope, Carrick, i and 2; J. McLennan and 
Sons. H.C. 

Pears, Dessert, i plate of 5 pears First prize, ios.; second, medal. 
Dr. Benjafield, i ; J. McLennan and Sons, 2 ; W. Ling, H.C. 

Quinces, i plate of 5 quinces First prize, ios.; second, medal. W. 
Bald, i ; C. B. Watchorn 2. 

Damsons, i plate First prize, ios. ; second, medal. Mary C. Dun- 
ning, Elphin Road, i ; R. Brooks, Longford, 2. 

Plums, i plate First prize, ios.; second, medal. Wm. Ling, i ; Dr. 
Benjafield, 2. 

Medlars, i plate First prize, ios.; second, medal. Mary C. Dunning, 
i ; Wm. Ling, 2. 

Walnuts, i plate First prize, ios.; second, medal. Louis Home, i; 
J. McLennan and Sons, 2. 

Almonds, i plate First prize, ios. Mary C. Dunning, i. 

Grapes, Tasmanian, i plate Special prize of i is., presented by 
Messrs. C. H. Smith and Co. Joseph Galvin, H.C. 

Collection of Apples, 12 plates of 5 apples each First prize, i ; 
second, IDS. J. N. Palmer, i ; W. E. Shoobridge, 2 ; Anthony D. 
Raymond, Ulverstone, H.C. 

Case of Apples, any variety, packed for export First prize, i ; 
second, ios. Dr. Benjafieid, i ; W. E. Shoobridge, 2. 

Collection of Pears, 6 plates of 5 pears each. First prize, i; second, 
ios. Dr. Benjafield, i ; W. E. Shoobridge, 2. 

Trophy of Apples, Pears, and other fruits First prize, <$ ; second, 
2. W. E, Shoobridge. Trophy of apples from Lilydale Fruit Board, 
Award of merit. 

Any Fruit not otherwise specified First prize, ios.; second, medal. 
W. Ling, Preserving Melons, i, 2, and 3 ; John Roberts, Bella Vista, 
Scottsdale West, i plate of Cape Gooseberries; F. Littler, Lyttelton 
Street, plate Peaches, i, 2, and 3 ; Dr. C. J. Pike, Strawberries; C. S. 
Agnew, collective exhibit, Award of merit. 

Collection of Jams, 6 varieties First prize, ios. ; second, medal. 
Mrs. Winnifred Murrell, Cataract Hill, i ; Mrs. F. Littler, 2 ; Mary C. 
Dunning, H.C. 

Collection of Jellies, 6 varieties First prize, ios.; second, medal. 
Mrs. C. W. Heyes. 

Preserved Fruit, dry, 3 varieties First prize, ios.; second, medal. 
May Benjafield, Hobart. 

Preserved Fruit, in syrup First prize, ios.; second, medal. Mrs. F. 
Littler, i ; May Benjafield, 2 ; R. Hall, H.C. 

Preserved Fruit, Tart, 3 varieties First prize, ios.; second medal. 
Mary C. Dunning, i ; Mrs. F. Littler, 2 and H.C. 

Wine, 3 bottles First prize, ios. C. Delger, Swansea. 

GROUP F. DAIRY PRODUCE. 

Tub or crock of Butter First prize, \. W. Fair and Co., Dunorlan. 

Fresh Butter, in plain pound rolls, made from hand-skimmed cream, 
3lb. First prize, ios.; second, Certificate of Merit. Miss E. Phillips, 
Westbury, i ; F. W. Briggs. 2 Mrs. Donald McLennan, Cairn Brae, 
Scottsdale, H.C. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 

Fresh Butter, in plain pound rolls, made from machine-separated 
cream, 3lb. First prize, IDS.; second, Certificate of Merit. A. Harra 
and Son, i ; W. E. Shoobridge, 2. 

Fresh Butter, in plain pound rolls, made from hand-skimmed or 
machine-separated cream, 3lb. First prize, ios.; second, Certificate of 
Merit. Mrs. Donald McLennan, i ; F. W. Briggs, Scottsdale, 2. 

Cheese, not less than lolb. First prize, i ; second, ios. John 
Lade, St. Mary's, i, 2, and H.C. 

Bacon, i flitch First prize, i; second, IDS. Henry Higgins, 
Hobart, i ; Charles Bryant, Launceston, 2. 

Ham, i ham First prize, i ; second, ios. Henry Higgins. 

Hen Eggs First prize, 55. ; second, Certificate of Merit. W. 
McOrmond, Campbell Town, i ; Henry Higgins, 2. 

Round of Corned Beef Special prize by R. Wacksmuth, Esq., ios. 
6d. Henry Higgins. 

Butchers' Small Goods First prize, 2. Henry Higgins. 

Bread, home-made, not less than 2lb. First prize, 55.; second, Cer 
tificate of Merit. Mrs. C. W. Heyes, i ; Alex. W. Millar, 2. 

Best Collection of home-made Pickles First prize, \ ; second, Cer- 
tificate of Merit. Mrs. C. W. Heyes, i ; Mrs. Winnifred Murrell, 2 ; 
Mrs. Frank Williams, H.C. 

Fowls, i pair, trussed First prize, 53. ; second, medal. Henry 
Higgins, i and 2. 

Ducks, i pair, trussed First prize, 55. ; second, medal. Henry 
Higgins, i and 2. 

Geese, i goose, trussed First prize, 53. ; second, medal. Henry 
Higgins, i and 2. 

Turkeys, i turkey, trussed First prize, 55.; second, medal. Henry 
Higgins, i and 2. 

GROUP F. POULTRY. 

Brahma, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 55. and bronze 
medal ; second, 2s. 6d. Wm. Pickford, Launceston, i ; J. A. Bain, 
Launceston, 2. 

Cochin, cockerel, or pullet, any colour First prize, 53. and bronze 
medal; second, 23. 6d. H. N. Hulme, Launceston, i ; Frank G. Cutts, 
Launceston, 2. 

Game, cockerel or pullet, any colour (Wright's) First prize, 53. 
and bronze medal ; second, 23. 6d. R. Richardson, Launceston, i ; R. 
Brooks, Longford, 2. 

Game, cockerel or pullet, any colour (Tegetmeier's) First prize, 55 
and bronze medal ; second, 25. 6d. R. Richardson. 

Dorking, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 53.; second, 
2S. 6d. Richard Moore, Providence Valley, i and 2. 

Plymouth Rock, cockerel or pullet, any colour. First prize, 55. 
and bronze medal ; second, 2s. 6d. W. McOrmond, Campbell Town, 
i ; John Hutchinson, Launceston, 2. 

Andalusian, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 53. and bronze 
medal ; second, 2s. 6d. John Hutchinson, i ; Wallace and Jowett, 
Pen quite, 2. 

Minorca, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 55. and bronze 
medal ; second, 2s. 6d. W. McOrmond, i ; Wallace and Jowett, 2 

Extra Mrs. J. F. Irvine, blue bonnet parrot, 
j 2 



132 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Leghorn, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 55. and bronze 
medal; second, zs. 6d. Wallace and Jowett, i and 2. 

Houdan, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 58.; second, 
2S. 6d. O. S. Morrison, Invermay. 

Crevecceur, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 53.; second, 
2s. 6d. J. W. Kerslake, Launceston, i ; Wallace and Jowett, 2. 

Wyandotte, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 53.; second, 
2s. 6d. R. W. Stokell, Launceston, i and 2. 

Malay, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 55.; second, 2s 6d. 
Edmund Jewis, Launceston, i and 2. 

Orpington, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 55.; second, 
2S. 6d. F. Mervin Littler, i and 2. 

Hamburgh, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 53.; second, 
2s. 6d. George Shepherd, i ; W. McOrmond, 2. 

Bantam, Game, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 53. and 
bronze medal ; second, 2s. 6d. R. Brooks. 

Bantam, any other variety, cockerel or pullet, any colour First prize, 
55. and bronze medal ; second, 2s. 6d. J. Kerslake. 

Turkey, any colour First prize, 53.; second, 2s. 6d. W. V. Field, 
Bishopsbourne, i ; R. Brooks, 2. 

Geese, gander or goose, any colour First prize, 53.; second, 2s. 6d. 
R. Brooks. 

Duck, duck or drake, any colour First prize, 55. and bronze medal ; 
second, 2s. 6d. R. Brooks, i ; W. V. Field, 2. 

Heaviest pair of Chickens, any variety First prize, IDS.; second, 55. 
Edmund Jewis, 2. 

DOGS. 

St. Bernard, dog or bitch First prize, IDS. and bronze medal. Bos- 
worth and Cato, Launceston, Lord Byron. 

Newfoundland, dog or bitch First prize, 53.; second, 2s. 6d. Joseph 
Dodgshun, St. Leonards, 2. 

Collie, dog or bitch First prize, IDS. and bronze medal ; second, 55. 
R. B. Bidencope, Brisbane street, Launceston, 2 ; G. C. Gilmore's 
Gelert, H.C. 

Greyhound, dog or bitch First prize, IDS. and bronze medal ; second, 
53. W. V. Field, i ; C. Bryant, 2 ; George Robinson, jun., Laun- 
ceston, V.H.C.; J. McKinstry, V.H.C. 

Pointer, dog or bitch First prize, 55. and bronze medal ; second, 2S. 
Hon. Thomas Reibey and J. Bracken, equal firsts. 

English Setter, dog or bitch First prize, 55. and bronze medal ; 
second, 2s. 6d. Thomas Carr, i ; George Scott, 2 ; Hon. Thomas 
Reibey, V.H.C. 

Gordon Setter, dog or bitch First prize, 53. and bionze medal; 
second, 2s. 6d. William Russell, Perth, i ; Charles A. Stewart, St. 
Leonards, 2 ; James Lamont, H.C. 

Irish Setter, dog or bitch First prize, 55. and bronze medal ; second, 
2s. 6d. C. E. Ritchie, i and 2. 

Retriever, dog or bitch First prize, 5 s. and bronze medal ; second, 
2s. 6d. W. Collings, 2. 

Field Spaniel, dog or bitch First prize, 55. and bronze medal; 
second, 25. 6d. J. A. Bain, i ; W. R. Kilby, 2. 



TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 133 

Water Spaniel, dog or bitch First prize, 53. and bronze medal; 
second, 2s. 6d. R. Brooks, 2. 

Beagle, dog or bitch First prize, 55.; second, 23. 6d. Hon. Thomas 
Reibey, i. 

Fox Terrier, dog First prize, IDS. and bronze medal ; second, 55. 
George E. Harrap, i ; Edmund Jewis, 2 ; A. G. Cox, 3 ; R. Foster, 
V.H.C. 

Fox Terrier, bitch First prize, IDS. and bronze medal; second, 55. 
J. Stuart Grange, i ; George Cox, i and 2 ; C. Bryant, V.H.C. 

Irish Terrier, dog or bitch First prize, 55.; second, 2S. 6d. P. B. 
Banks, Waverley, Oatlands, i and 2 ; R. Cameron, Clairville, Evandale, 
i ; W. V. Field, Bishopsbourne, 2. 

English Terrier, dog or bitch First prize, 55.; second, 2s. 6d. G. 
Searle, Clairville, Evandale, 2. 

Rough-coated Terrier, dog or bitch First prize, 55. and bronze medal ; 
second, 2s. 6d. F. Littler, i ; A. Scott, 2 ; J. McKinstry, 3. 

Toy Spaniel, dog or bitch First prize, 53. ; second, 2s. 6d. H. 
Crocker, jun. 

Staghound, dog or bitch First prize, IDS.; second, 53. Richard 
Graves, i ; Robert J. Ellis, 2. 

Extra J. Herbert Cato, 2 St. Bernard pups, i ; Mrs. J. F. Irvine, 
lady's lapdog, i ; J. W. Emms, Cocker Spaniel slut, i ; P. B. Banks, 
Irish Terrier pups, i and 2. 

GROUP G HORTICULTURE. 
Pox PLANTS. 

Stove or Greenhouse Plants, 12 First prize, 2. Frank Walker. 

Tuberous-rooted Begonias, in flower, 24 First prize, $. J. McLen- 
nan and Sons. 

Fibrous-rooted Begonias, in flower, 4 First prize, IDS. ; second, 
medal. Frank Walker, i and 2. 

Fibrous-rooted Begonias, foliage only, 4 First prize, IDS. ; second, 
medal. Frank Walker, i ; J. McLennan and Sons, 2. 

Fuchsias, Double, 4 First prize, IDS. J. McLennan and Sons. 

Fuchsias, Single, 4 First prize, zos. J. McLennan and Sons. 

Ornamental Foliage Plants, 4 First prize, ros. Frank Walker. 

Ferns, 4 First prize, IDS.; second, medal. Frank Walker, i and 2. 

Lycopods, 4 First prize, ios.; second, medal. Frank Walker, i 
and 2. 

Palms, 4 First prize, ios.; second, medal. Frank Walker, i and 2. 

Collection of Pot Plants First prize, /"i. Frank Walker. 

CUT FLOWERS. 

Dahlias, 24 First prize, ios. J. McLennan and Sons. 

Dahlias, 12 First prize, 55. J. McLennan and Sons. 

Pinks, Carnations, and Picotees, 6 First prize, 55. C. F. Pitt, 
Campbell Town. 

Miscellaneous Garden Flowers, 6 species First prize, 55. ; second, 
Certificate of merit. Frank Walker, i ; W. Ling, 2. 

Phlox Drummondi, 6 First prize, 55. W. McOrmond, Campbell 
Town. 

Chrysanthemums, 6 First prize, 55. J. McLennan and Sons. 



134 OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE 

Any Flower not otherwise specified, 6 blooms First prize, 55.; 
second, Certificate of merit. W. Ling, Zinnias, i ; C. F. Pitt, Campbell 
Town, specimen Cosmos Bipinnatus, 2. 

Bridal Bouquet First prize, 53. Frank Walker. 

Hand Bouquet First prize, 53. Frank Walker. 

Table Bouquet First prize, 55. Frank Walker. 

Flower, Fruit, and Vegetable Seeds First prize, / 1 . R. Newey and 
Sons. 

Forest Seeds First prize, los. R. Newey and Sons. 

Models of Edible Roots First prize, 53. R. Newey and Sons. 

Collection of Garden Requisites First prize, 53. R. Newey and Sons. 

Any other exhibit relating to Horticulture, not otherwise specified 
First prize, 55. R. Newey and Sons. 

Extra. James Lamont, Boronia, Invermay (for exhibition only), 
growing plant of native Sweet-scented Vernal Grass, the original plant 
being found and brought from the Western Tiers, H.C. 

GROUP I. IMPLEMENTS, MACHINERY, ETC. 

Buggy First prize, \ ; second, IDS. John C. Ferguson and Co., 
built by A. W. Marshall and Co., Latrobe. 

Pagnal First prize, i ; second, IDS. John C. Ferguson and Co., 
built by H. W. Marshall and Co. 

Iron Plough First prize, i ; second, IDS. Levi Titmus, Leven, i ; 
H. Blackwell, Bishopsbourne, 2 ; John Drake, Evandale, H.C. 

Wooden Plough First prize, i ; second, IDS. Wright and Wad- 
dington, Hagley, i ; Levi Titmus, 2 ; John Drake, H.C. 

Double-furrow Plough First prize, /i ; second, IDS. John C. 
Ferguson and Co., H.C.; A. Harrap and Son, H.C. 

Subsoil Plough First prize, i. Levi Titmus. 

Set Heavy Harrows First prize, IDS. John Drake. 

Set Light Harrows First prize, IDS. John Drake. 

Extra John C. Fergusou and Co., Launceston, Farmer's Favourite 
Forced Feed and Manure and Seed Drill. 

GROUP K. APICULTURE. 

Bee-keeping appliances W. and T. Newman, George street, Laun- 
ceston, collection of apiarian requisites. 

Honey W. and T. Newman, honey and comb honey, i ; Alfred 
Mornington, Bitteswell, Burnie, honey, 2. 

EXTRAS. 

Home-made Cake Mrs. C. W. Heyes, Evandale. 
Tomato Sauce Mrs. C. W. Heyes, i ; R. H. Ingamells, Longford, 
2 ; Mrs. F. Williams, 3. 

Plum Sauce Mrs. C. W. Heyes. 
Swiss Roll Mrs. Frank Williams. 
Tomato Chutney Mrs. F. Williams. 
Preserved Fruits R. Miller and Co. 



TASMAN1AN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 



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TASMANIAN EXHIBITION, 1891-92. 137 

Explanatory of the above accounts, the item Government Subsidy 
comprises the parliamentary votes of ^"1000 and ^"3000 respectively, to 
which is also added the sum of ^"271 i8s. Qd., being the amount 
claimed by the Treasury for Wine Duties (^"250 of which has been 
paid to the Launceston City and Suburbs Improvement Association), 
together with ^"85, the cost of printing the Official Record and ^50 
cabled to the Agent-General. 

In the Revenue account is a sum of ^"955 i6s. 3d.; this represents 
the book value of articles which have been handed over to the 
Launceston Municipal Council in satisfaction of all claims against the 
Commissioners in respect to buildings and grounds erected at a cost 
of fourteen thousand pounds and occupied by them during the period of 
the Exhibition. 

The credit balance of ^180 2s. 8d., less expenses and some possible 
charges not yet ascertained, is available for a pro rat a distribution 
amongst exhibitors in accordance with the provisions of Rule 6. The 
consent of exhibitors is being solicited to the appropriation of their 
shares to the Launceston City and Suburbs Improvement Association for 
the purposes of the Exhibition Park. As soon as all have signified 
their wishes in regard to this matter the sums in question will be handed 
over. 

The sum of ^"1500 subscribed by the citizens of Launceston as a 
guarantee fund does not appear in the balance sheet, the Commissioners 
deeming it advisable, as the guarantee was not required, to return the 
same to the several guarantors. 

(Signed) SAMUEL J. SUTTON, 

EXECUTIVE COMMISSIONER. 
August 2, 1892. 




PRINTED BY H. BUTTON, "LAUNCESTON EXAMINER" OFFICE. 







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