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.263 ^JANUARY 1906 

e 10 cents 



Official ^^^ 


^ \ Guide 


MERiCAN Sports Publishing Co 

V street. New YprK. 










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Sifecd itzKU\-p fi|a*-<. i^h^>^ l*^. W^'C'i 





15 Warren Street, New York 



Two Copies RoMivod 

APR 18 1906 
^ Copyright Entry 

CLASS / '<jt,XXc No, 
' ^ COPY B. 


Copyright. 1906 


Amkrican Sports Publishing Company 
New York 



With the natural modesty becoming to a player who is still in the 
game, the author feels that he should assure his friends that, in his 
present undertaking, he has been prompted more by the demand — in 
fact, the necessity of a book on hockey — than by any impression of 
confidence in his ability to do justice to the subject. 

To realize the necessity of a book that explains rules and the 
intricacies of the play of this glorious sport, one has but to travel to 
some town where the game is just developing from its infancy, where 
the players are scarcely able to appreciate its scientific points, and he 
will readily perceive that it is a long-felt want. Situated at a distance 
from the hockey centres, a young team cannot, by their own interpre- 
tation of the rules — without hints or instruction, without seeing the 
more practiced men at play — -arrive at a thorough appreciation of 
these rules, or grasp with sufficient clearness the idea, the objective 
point of this noble sport, until they are grown old and stiff. 

Besides, our younger enthusiasts, even in cities where they enjoy 
every advantage of learning the game, are deficient in their knowl- 
edge of the rules and the fine points of the game, because, perhaps, 
they have never had a clear explanation of the same. They need, 
too, a guide to help them to more quickly perfect themselves in 
their favorite pastime, and to avoid the dangers to which every 
player, however careful, is exposed. 

A few random hints on the essential requisites of the game, on 
practice and scientific plays, should prove of some value to a careful 

To fill this necessity, to supply a demand that increases as the love 
of hockey spreads, to help educate the younger players, and to 
endeavor to make this exhilarating sport even more popular, the 
author assumes the pleasant task of writing this little essay, sincerely 
hoping that it may prove instructive to those who have not yet fig- 
ured in senior ranks, and not uninteresting to those who have. 

The Author. 



Hockey! Fast, furious, brilliant, it is a most popular winter sport. 
Verily, it is the game of games. Offspring of "Our Lady of the 
Snows," hockey is, among her many, varied games, the most fascin- 
ating, the most exciting, the most scientific. 

Played in every city, town, village and hamlet in Canada, it has 
aroused more public interest, more enthusiasm than any athletic pas- 
time that the votaries of sport have yet enjoyed, and as the succeed- 
ing years glide by it grows in popular favor. 

But Canada no longer has a monopoly of the sport. The United 
States have the fever, and ice hockey is now a recognized winter 
sport where a few years ago it was unknown. 

Rinks are springing up everywhere, and s'ven their greatest capacity 
cannot accommodate the enthusiastic crowds of spectators who rush 
to witness an axciting match ; and even in distant Europe teams have 
been organized in Glasgow, London and Paris. It is a regular occur- 
rence for clubs to send their representatives thousands of miles to 
meet their adversaries in a friendly match. Teams from Manitoba 
and Nova Scotia have repeatedly visited Montreal, and clubs from 
the latter place have returnea the compliment. Nearly all of Can- 
ada's leading sevens have delighted audiences in different cities of 
the United States, and American players cross the border to chase 
the puck with them. Indeed, it will not be surprising if, some day, 
an enterprising team sails the broad Atlantic to cross sticks with an 
English or Parisian aggregation. 

The infatuating influence of the game has drawn together large 
crowds to witness hockey matches, and the wildest. Reports from 
every city in the United States and Canada tell encouraging tales of the 
growth of the game and of the strides that it has made in popularity. 

It is not difficult to speculate on the probable future ot this noble 
game. One can see arenas in every large city crowded to the doors 
with enthusiastic spectators, and whereas we now have only a few 
first-class teams we will soon have a hundred, because hockey is a 
s^ame that fascinates the player and thrills the spectator. 




" How entrancing the sight ! what life is around ! 
The air is so bracing ! the snow on the ground ' 
The glimmering steel in its flash on the eye, 
Marks out the line, as the skater goes by." 

Webster's definition of hockey reads as follows: "A game in which 
two parties of players, armed with sticks or clubs, curved or hooked 
at the end, attempt to drive any small object (as a ball or a bit of 
wood) towards opposite goals." 

The learned lexicographer must, of course, refer to the game of 
hockey as played in England, or to the game as played in Canada in 
the good old days when anything from a broom-handle to a shillalah 
was used as a hockey stick, and a tin can rendered service as a puck. 

" O list, tha mystic lore sublime, 
The fairy tales of modern time." 

To trace back the sport to its very birth is not within the province 
of this little work; besides, its earliest history seems lost in a back- 
ground of Egyptian darkness. 

Truly, it is a tact, though, that the foundation of hockey was laid 
on '*any small object and a curved stick," for the remotest recollec- 
tions of the oldest players bring them back to the time when these 
formed the materials of the sport. 

A few words, however, on the probable origin of "shinny" will 
not be amiss in this chapter, as few, very few, know the source from 
which the game developed. 

It is difficult to precisely say from which particular sport " shinny " 
and hockey are directly sprung. The warlike Romans enjoyed a 
peculiar game that is most likely the precursor of hockey in England, 
"hurley" in Ireland and "shinty" in Scotland, which, in point of 
fact, are now one and the same. A leather ball stuffed with feathers, 


and a bat or a club, were the essential requisites of the game, and 
the object was to knock the ball to a certain boundary line and there- 
by score a point. 

The original Scotch "shinty" resembled it more closely than did 
"hurley" or English hockey, but savored a trifle more of Canada's 
winter sport, although, in the mildest of sarcasm, it is not probable 
that the votaries of the former sport would find anything of excite- 
ment in ours. It was played on the hard, sandy sea-beach, with two 
or three hundred on each side, and their materials, or rather weapons, 
consisted of roots of trees, with a hard wood knob for a ball. History 
does not relate the number of casualties that occurred in these 
matches, of which the most important took place on New Year's day, 
btit if our imagination be given scope the effect is anything but 

Of all the games that developed from the old Roman sport the 
British hockey alone shaped the destiny of ours. There can be but 
little doubt but that " shinny," the forerunner of our scientific hockey, 
is the interpretation of the game as played on this side of the water, 
adapted in its application to the climate of the country. Hockey in 
England is played in the winter on the frozen ground. It consists in 
driving a ball from one point to another by means of a hooked stick. 
The players are divided into two teams, each of which has its goals, 
which are fixed towards either end of a tolerably spacious ground. 
The goals are two upright posts, about six feet apart, with a cross 
pole placed at the height of four feet. Through these the ball m.ust 
be driven in order to score a point. As regards the playing of the 
game, it is unnecessary further to speak, because it bears but little 
reference to hockey as played in Canada and the United States. 
Suffice it to say that in the shape of the sticks, not limited in their 
proportions, in the nature of the object that was used as a ball, in 
the unlimited number of the players and in its principles, it is the 
parent of " shinny on the ice." 

Shinny, so called, perhaps, on account of the frequent danger to 
which a player's shins were exposed, was a grand, exhilarating sport. 
It had a hold upon us that the chilly atmosphere, or "the love we 
bore for learning," could not unfasten. Boys swarmed to the lakei 
:n battalions and rattled along on old iron or wooden skates tied to 

Spalding's athletic library. 13 

their feet with rope, A few broken bones, a few frozen fingers, but, 
never mind, there were plenty of men to replace the dead. What a 
sight did a shinny match present! Hundreds on the same sheet of 
glare black ice, all eagerly engaged in one glorious game. What 
laughing, calling, cheering and chasing there was to be sure! With 
their bright eyes and rosy cheeks they dart now in one direction, now 
in another, till the great congealed bay roars and cracks with its 
living weight. The ball is in all directions in seconds of time, till 
finally the vast struggling crowd surges toward the goals, surrounds 
them, and a fierce, lucky swipe knocks it through, while a hundred 
lusty voices cry their loudest: "Game! Game!" 

Like the fabled Greek who used to give his time so undividedly to 
his work that he forgot his meals, these enthusiasts of an infant game 
forgot their meals, forgot their schools, forgot everything save the 
game itself, but when darkness came on and their shadows grew 
longer, they returned home, with fresh air in their expanded lungs, 
strength in their limbs, and with a keen, bright eye, "seeking what 
they might devour." 

As time wore on, the gradual development of rules and regulations 
wrought, in this warlike pastime, the important changes that were, 
in time, to give birth to the science that characterizes hockey as the 
peer of clean, exciting, fascinating games. 

Twenty-five years ago hockey, as played to-day, was an unknown 
sport. Shinny was played on the lakes, rivers and canals throughout 
the country, but only a discerning eye could discover in this crude, 
but infatuating amusement, the grand possibilities that a refined 
game could offer. Without restrictions as to the proportions of the 
stick, the nature or quality of the puck, the size of the playing space 
on the ice, or the number of the players, the sport could not develop 
into a scientific game until such time as it would be discussed and 
regulated by those who sought its advancement. 

To the McGill College and Victoria hockey teams of Montreal the 
game of hockey owes its present state. These two were the first 
regularly organized hockey clubs in the world, the former preceding 
the latter by a very short time. Previous to the formation of the 
above organizations about 1881, teams existed in Montreal and Que- 
bec, but the only rule that was well defined was the one which 


demanded that every man should " shinny on his own side." Do 
what you might, play on what you liked or with what you liked — and 
as long as you shinnied on your own side you were within the law. 

All kinds of sticks were used, long knotted roots, broom handles, 
clubs, and all kinds of skates were employed, from long, dangerous 
reachers to short, wooden rockers. On each particular occasion the 
captains agreed, before the game, upon the rules that they Avould 
abide by or disregard, so that the rules that governed one match 
might be null and void for another. The puck was a square block of 
wood, about two cubic inches in size, on which a later improvement 
was the bung of a barrel, tightly tied round with cord. Body check- 
ing was prohibited, so was lifting the puck; if the puck went behind 
the goal line it had to be faced; the referee kept time and decided 
the games; the goal posts, placed, at times, like ours, facing one 
another, were also fastened in the ice in a row, facing the sides, so 
that a game might be scored from either road, the forward shooting 
in the direction of the side of the rink, instead of toward the end, as 
we do. 

As soon as the Montreal Victorias were organized, the secretary of 
that club wrote to every city in Canada for information regarding the 
rules of hockey, but the result was unsatisfactory, because he could 
get none. When, shortly after, the CrystaJs and M. A. A. A. had 
formed teams, and the Ottawas and Quebecs had come into existence, 
the first successful matches, played under a code of rules that had 
been drawn up and accepted, were brought about by the challenge 
system. The first series of games took place during the first winter 
carnival, in 1884, and was played on the cold river rink, and the sec- 
ond during the second carnival, in the Victoria rink, "when," as 
history relates, "the players were slightly interfered with by the 
erection of a large ice-grotto in the rink." 

In 1887 the challenge system was done away with, and the Vic- 
torias, Crystals, Montrealers, Quebecs and Ottawas formed the Ama- 
teur Hockey Association of Canada, which, in the good effects that 
it has produced, constitutes the second epoch in the history of the 
game, because from this date hockey made rapid strides in its advance- 
ment as a popular, scientific sport. 

The game was first introduced into the United States some years 


I I 



^1 ^1 



ago by a Montrealer, Mr. C. Shearer, who was studying in the Johns 
Hopkins University, Baltimore. 

He formed a team among the students of the college, and was suc- 
cessful in inducing the Quebec team, which was the first Canadian 
seven to play across the border, to travel to the Oriole city for a 
series of games. In 1895 ^^^^ Shamrocks and Montrealers, of Mon- 
treal, delighted audiences in New York, Washington and Baltimore. 
Since that time the Queen's College team has played in Pittsburg, and 
nearly all of Canada's leading clubs have sent their representatives to 
play in the different American rinks. 

The game in the United States now made rapid strides. Colleges 
and schools took an interest in the game and organized teams, sched- 
ules were drawn up, the public flocked to the rinks to see the games, 
and now it is a most popular winter sport. 

Artificial rinks are found in the principal cities of the country, 
and afford to players a great advantage, as there is never a scarcity of 
ice. They are opened in the autumn and remain open for skating 
until spring; besides, being comparatively warm, spectators are not 
kept away from them, ho\yever inclement the weather may be. A 
short time ago almost any Canadian team could defeat, with com- 
parative ease, the best seven that could be found in the United States. 
But now a different complexion colors the comparison between the 
clubs, because several teams have arrived at such a high degree of 
science in the game, that the excellence of their playing makes them 
eligible to honorably compete with the peers of the game in Canada. 
Indeed, it seems that the day is not far distant wnen the holders of 
the highest honors in hockey matters will have to look to themselvej 
if they wish to successfully defend their laurels against a worthy 

Hockey was first played in Europe by another Montrealer, Mr. 
George A. Meagher, world's champion figure skater, and author of 
"Lessons in Skating." 

In Paris the first European team was formed, and the gay Parisians 
took most enthusiastically to it. London boasted of the second club 
in Europe, and in less than one season more than five teams chased 
the rubber disc in that city. 

Scotland was the next country to enjoy the game. In the artificial 

Spalding's athletic library. 19 

ice palace, Sauchiehall street, Edinburgh, the first practices were 
held, and so proficient did the canny Scotchmen become that a game 
with the team of the Palais de Glace in Paris was arranged. A series 
of six matches was played in one week with the French team, and the 
crowds that witnessed the games fairly raised the roof with their 
clamorous applause. The "Figaro," the leading newspaper in 
France, described hockey as a game that promised to excel all other 
sports in Paris in point of popularity and " scientific possibilities." 

I, Rev. Fr. McDonald, Hon. Pres.: 2, Dr. Herriman, Pres.; 8, Dr. Clark, Mgr ; 
4, Kerr; 5, Clarke; 6. Van Home; 7, Clarke; 8. Potter; 9, McDonnell; 10, Williams; 

II. Derry; 12, Carson. 


Spalding's athletic library. z-i 


Every game, any game, aids considerably in developing a player's 
nind, and for hockey, a follower of the game may claim all the good 
effects in mental training that any other branch of sport provides, 
and more. The very adhering to the rules, the spirit of fair play 
that characterizes a manly game, the overcoming of all fears and all 
difficulties, the modest victory, the frank acknovi^ledgement of defeat, 
all tend to build up, to educate, the mental faculties, just as the long 
practice, the swift race, and the hard check help to develop the phy- 
sical man. 

At a dinner once tendered to a champion team, a prominent banker, 
in speaking of the effects of sport in general and hockey in particular, 
said " that a good, clean sportsman was an acquisition to any com- 
mercial house," and his statement is correct. 

A fast game like hockey, when the scoring of a goal, the winning 
of a match often depends upon the immediate execution of an idea 
that a player has scarcely the time to grasp, accustoms a man to think 
quickly and act promptly. Surrounded so closely by thousands of in- 
quisitive eyes, the hockey player is almost prevented, through the 
reasonable fear of being promptly called to order, from indulging in 
any unbecoming work, of which, perhaps, in other games he might 
be guilty. Besides, the referee of a hockey match is so strongly 
backed by a clear code of rules, and has such an unobstructed view 
of the game, that the strict and continued observance of his omni- 
potence developes a certain character in a player, that has its good 
effects in after life. 

As a muscular developer it stands without an equal, which to doubt 
would be a confession of one's ignorance of the game. The act of 
skating frontwards and backwards, not to mention the numerous 
times when occasion demands that we should go sideways, too. de- 
velops the muscles of the legs and back and expands the lungs, and 

President International Hockey League, 


ine rush down the ice, twisting and turning, and being twisted and 
turned, exercises the muscles in the neck, the sides and the stomach. 

The multiplex movements required in manipulating the stick, call 
into play, by shooting in the different ways, in checking, and in dodg- 
ing, nearly every other muscle in the human frame, and, as in other 
games of great dexterity, the eye is quickened, brightened to a degree 
of judgment. 

The proof that in a game of hockey every muscle receives its due 
exercise, is this, that after the first few practices, before he is "in 
condition," a player feels sore and stiff in every muscle of his body. 

Being practically an out-door sport it is exhilarating and healthy, 
and productive of an absorbing appetite, which latter is borne out by 
the statement ot an hotel keeper who once said that "a hockey team 
can eat more in a limited time than a team of footballers, or a lacrosse 
twelve with all their spares and coaches." 

S|)eaking of skating as an exercise, Solzman, in his incomparable 
work on the subject, says : — " I am come to an exercise superior to 
anything that can be classed under the head of motion. I know 
nothing in gymnastics that displays equal elegance, and it excites 
such divine pleasures in the mind of the performer that I would 
recommend it as the most efficacious remedy to the misanthrope and 
the hypochondriac. Pure air, piercing, bracing cold, the promotion 
of the circulation of the different fluids of the body, the unalloyed 
and mental satisfaction of the various skilful movements, must have 
a powerful influence, not only on the frame of man, but on his mind 
likewise. Frank wishes that skating w^ere universally introduced, as 
I know of no kind of motion so beneficial to the hunian body or more 
capable of strengthening it." Add to this the pleasure, the excite- 
ment afforded by a good, clean game of hockey, and we have an ideal 

The men who play are, as a general rule, tho^e who excel in other 
lines of athletic sport. If it is an easy matter to point out a foot- 
baller, or a lacrosse player, vv'lio is ignorant of other games, it is 
difficult to mention a hockey player who does not shine as an athlete 
in other branches. It seems that a hockey player, in playing the 
game, makes use of all the science he acquires in practising other 
sports, without the roughness. So much time is required to master 






A prominent Kingston (Ont.) hockey Last year with Marlboros, Toronto; this 
player. year with Rat Portage. 

Manager Champion Mar'.boros. 


the science of the game, to merit the name of expert, that circum- 
stances have excluded from it the ruder, undesirable element, and it 
shall remain our royal game, because, in the clearness, the conciseness 
of its rules, in the scientific points of its play, in the social standing 
and the " bon hommie " of its players, it has yet to find an equal. So 
long as it remains free from the taint of professionalism it will remain 
dear to the hearts of all true sportsmen, all good athletes, but as soon 
as this vice creeps in the knell will sound for its death as a popular 
pastime. Because when a monetary consideration depends up< n the 
result of a match in which professionals figure as participants, rough- 
ness, brutality, will characterize it, to the disgust of the spectators, 
whose attendance sustains the interest and provides the sinews of war 
which keep the game alive. Moreover, the athletic vice of profes- 
sionalism should be stamped out for this reason, especially, that when 
a young man sees his way clear to earn a livelihood at sports, he will 
seldom fail to throw away on them the most valuable time of his life, 
by neglecting the duties that his age demands. 

The sight afforded by a scientific hockey match acts upon the 
spectators in a variety of ways. Cold, uncomfortably cold, before 
the game begins, they are gradually worked into a state of warmth 
by an excitement that makes them forget the weather, their friends 
and everything but the keen scientific play in progress. 

Without comparing it to an oil painting of a chariot race, an Indian 
buffalo hunt or a fierce battle, what is prettier than the spectacle that 
a good game presents, of four stalwart, shapely forwards tearing down 
the ice, playing their lightning combination, of a brilliant rush stop- 
ped by an equally brilliant defence play, of a quick dash through a 
struggling mass of excited players, or a ziz-zag, twisting, twirling, 
dodging run to score a deciding goal ? 

The pure air, the bright lights, the merry, laughing girls, the noisy 
enthusiastic boys, and age that's not too old to still enjoy the pleasure 
of a fascinating game, all combine, with the keen ice and the fast 
play, to make hockey the king of infatuating sports. 

Essentially an exciting game, hockey thrills the player and fasci- 
nates the spectator. The swift race up and down the ice, the dodging, 
the quick passing and fast skating, make it an infatuating game. 
From the time that the whistle blows for the face-off until the excit 


ing moment when the gong announces the end of the match, the 
players are rushing, struggling and the spectators straining their eyes 
to catch every glimpse of the play. 

Fast! It eclipses other games in this respect. Never a second to 
lose, never a moment to spare— an opportunity once lost is gone 
forever— and even one little slip, one miss, one fumble, is oftentimes 
the loss of a match. 

So fascinating is the game to a man who rivets his attention on the 
play, that even the most thunderous applause, if he hears it at all, 
sounds like the far-off echo of a rippling brook, because he is engaged 
heart and soul in his work. 

The convincing, the clinching proof of the fascination of the game 
is this, that even the gentler sex, not satisfied with enjoying it from 
the standpoint of spectators, have graciously added their own to the 
many charms that it already boasts, by bravely lining up to meet, in 
gentle combat, their tender adversaries. 

It is surprising how many ladies' teams exist in Canada, and 
although we do not read of fast, exciting games between these grace- 
ful votaries of the sport, it is a slow, small town that can glory in not 
one such. Thus, hockey players may flatter themselves that their 
game is honored in a way that no other of the kind may claim. 

. o 

3 o 

Spalding's athletic library. 29 


" He thinks too much ; such men are dangerous." — Shakespeare. 

Coolness, in hockey parlance, is the power and practice of taking 
time to think out a move. A player must be cool-headed to a degree 
that verges on slowness, because, so fast a game is hockey, that an 
expert player, an experienced team, should take advantage of every 
opportunity that the changing plays present, and this to do, even in 
the quickest rushes, the swiftest combinations, the fiercest "mix-ups," 
it is necessary that one should remain as cool as the proverbial 

As a hockey axiom, it might be said that "it is better to think 
more and rush less, than to rush more and think less." 

The cool, collected, calculating player is worth more to a team 
than two or three of the class whose main object seems to be the pos- 
session of the puck for a "big" rush down the ice. 

If any man among your opponents is to be feared, let it be the one 
who thinks out each move, who makes no useless plays, who shoots 
for the goals only when there is an opening, because "such men are 
dangerous." Many a game is lost, many a chance is missed by the 
man who will not, cannot take time enough to think out a play. 

Another requisite is confidence, both in your assistants and in 
yourself. Just as that regiment whose soldiers rely upon one another 
is a better one than another in which the members have no confidence 
in their comrades, so, in a hockey team it is absolutely necessary that 
each player should be able to depend upon his confreres. 

A team should feel that it can defeat any seven that opposes it, and 
each individual man of a team ought to believe that, if necessary, he 
can pass any one of his adversaries. A team that goes on the ice 
thinking that defeat is probable is already beaten; a player who fears 
that he cannot elude certain of his opponents is a factor of success 


for the opposing team. Care should be taken, however, that confi- 
dence may not be exaggerated. Over-confidence is a greater fault 
than confidence is a virtue. While each team should feel that it can 
probably defeat its opponents, it should also bear in mind that until 
the g-ame is ended its own goals are in danger, and act accordingly. 

" A spirit that could dare 

The deadliest form that death could take, 
And dare it for the daring's sake." 

Pluck is an essential to a man who aspires to perfection in the 
game, and is as indispensable to him as it is to a foot ball player or a 
soldier. The calculating player often saves himself by avoidintr 
unnecessary dangers, but occasion demands, at times, a fast rush 
through a ''bunch" of fighting players, through swinging, smashing 

sticks that, in noise and movements, resemble a threshing machine 

a desperate jump, or a block of the pucl , at the expense of a sore 
punishment, to score or save a single goal, and the risk must be run. 

The cringer, the man who waits outside of a scrimmage until by 
chance the puck slides to him, the man who fears an opponent, is not 
a hockey player. It is, of course, scientific play on certain occasions 
to wait until the puck is shoved out of a crowd, or from the side, but 
reference is made above to the time when a " dive " is needed. Even 
if a man knows that an opponent is mean, unfair, this should be but 
a poor excuse to fear him, because the referee is on the ice for the 
protection of all the players. 

A hockey player must necessarily be strong physically and consti- 
tutionally. If his muscles be well developed, well trained, and his 
constitution weak, so violent a game as this will do him an irrepr.r- 
able injury. Hockey is so fast, so trying on a forward player, who is 
rushing continually from the opening to the closing of a match, that, 
in order to play without hurting himself, he must be in perfect con- 
dition. This condition means both the state of his health and the 
condition of his mind and muscles. 

Training for the game of hockey is the simplest, perhaps, of any, 
and consists for the most part in careful practice. 

Nothing prepares a player for the opening of a hockey season so 
well as a thorough course in gymnastics. This to do properly, it is 

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Spalding's athletic library. 33 

necessary to make use of every appliance that the gymnasium affords 
(except the heavy weights), because the game of hockey calls into 
play every muscle that a complete gymnasium develops, which is 
attested to by the stiffness in every muscle after a good, hard game. 
Exercises tha-t aid in enlarging and hardening the muscles in the 
arms, back, chest and stomach are specially recommended. The legs 
are quickly brought into condition by skating and walking. 

In developing the wind a punching bag is the most efficient exer- 
cise. Skipping, too, is most beneficial, because it develops the 
muscles in the legs and increases the wind. 

It is, perhaps, advisable to give up smoking. A 'cigar or a pipe 
occasionally can cause but little injury to a man, but cigarettes are 
decidedly injurious. The following extract, borrowed from a news- 
paper, illustrates the above: 

This was actually heard in the Cracker district of Tennessee. 

The mother shouted from the door of the cabin behind the trees : 

" Yank Tysan ! Zeb Tysan ! What yu'uns doin' ? " 

Two little boys raised their kinky heads over a barrel three hundred yards down 
the mountain. 

" Foolin'," was the reply. 

" Be yu'uns smokin' ? " 


*' Be yu'uns chawin' twist and smokin' cob-pipe?** 


" Thet's a'right. But if yo' let me kotch yo' smokin' them cigareets, I'll gi' yo' 
the wust lammin' yo' ever hed in yo' lives, Yo' heah yo' ma ? " 


As smoking even in ordinary life is, to a certain extent, an injury 
to a man, it is not necessary to further mention it. 

Alcoholic drinks, with the possible exception of an occasional 
glass of porter, should be strictly eschewed. 

Warm baths taken too often, or indulged in for too long a time, 
have a strong tendency to render a man weak and slow, and even a 
dip every morning in cold water is injurious to a man in training. 

It is said that more graves are dug with the teeth than with the 
spade. If this be true, a hockey player should be careful to eat only 
digestible foods, and in a manner that will not injure his digestion. 

A hockey player who wishes to put himself into the pink of condi- 

1, Sale; 2, Allen; 3, Gayfer. 


tion should, difficult as it may be, avoid eating pies and pastry of 
any description. All trainers advise against the use of these. 

Practice makes perfect. 

The rule that is applied to other things stands good in hockey. 

It is wrong to imagine that a great deal of practice will make a 
perfect player out of any man, but careful, assiduous work will enable 
a person to approach the degree of perfection to which his powers, as 
a physical and a thinking athlete, will allow him to attain, and will 
make perfect that man who has the qualities necessary to a perfect 
athlete. Besides strengthening his muscles, increasing his wind, 
helping him in his confidence, sharpening his eye, training his judg- 
ment, adding to his speed, practice assists a player, on each occasion, 
to become proficient in the necessary art of stick-handling, and to 
regard himself and the other members of his team as one well-lubri- 
cated piece of machinery. 

It is difficult to lay down rules regulating the manipulation of the 
stick. What there are of them are few and undefined. The stick 
should be held in both hands. The right hand should hold it firmly 
at the end of handle and the left lower down, according to the reach 
of the player, because, even if most plays are made with both hands 
on the stick, there are times when it is necessary to use only one, in 
vx'hich case, holding the stick as above, the right hand is already in 
place without any change. 

The stick should be held in both hands, because in that position a 
man is always ready to shoot for the goals or to pass the puck. 
Besides, he can check better, dodge better, resist a heavy check more 
easily and sustain his position on his skates more securely when he 
has the stick thus held upon the ice. 

Stick-handling, like confidence, coolness, strength and speed, is 
acquired by practice, and by practice alone. 

The more you play the sooner you will become an adept in the art, 
and the better you can handle your stick the more effective a player 
you will be, because stick-handling ia one of the essentials of the 


o .^ 

M 'o 




Come, cross your blades upon the ice. 

The air is keen, the watchers wait ; 
And eager as a cat for mice, 

Around the puck the forwards skate. 
Line up ! In goal ! The game is faced I 

The puck's in play, the ice doth ring 

Beneath the skates that seem to sing : 
We have no time to-night to waste ! 

Away ! away ! the roof doth ring. 

Above the roar of party mirth ; 
From side to side supporters fling 

Winged wit that mocks each other's worth. 
And brown and blue eyes flash with pride, 

And cheeks are red, and white teeth gleam, 

And kerchiefs wave, and lassies scream 
To see the forwards dash and glide ! 

Fleet Mercury goes hand in hand 

With Zero through the air to-night ; 
They write their names upon the land. 

They set their seal on windows white. 
But here they'd come not if they could ; 

'Twould set their icy sQuls aflame, 

They'd melt the ice, they'd mar the game— 
We would not have them if they would ! 

Now over all, and in between. 

And fast as sudden thought can steer, 
Our dashing cover-point hath been 

Ere yet the forwards deemed him near. 
They charge, they check ; they ply their powers 

Of skill and strength— but 'tis in vain \ 
He cheats them all— the goal is plain 

Shoot! shoot! Hurrah! the game is ours ! 

Oh ! land half-wed to ice and snow, 

If I may praise ye in my rhymes, 
It is to pity those who show 

Concern for us in burning climes. 
With such strong sons, we well may sing 

Our Roman worth, that all may see 

A strong Olympic monarchy. 
And our old lusty Winter— king ! 

Charles Gordon Rogers. 



What is the objective point, the central idea, in the game of 
hockey ? To score — to lift, slide, push or knock the puck through 
your opponents' goals. 

A team, and each individual member of a team, should concentrate 
every idea, every thought on this one desire, and each play, each 
move should point to it, as the rays of the sun are converged through 
a glass to the focus. 

That play is vain which does not tend to bring a team, or a mem- 
ber of a team, to a position from which the desiced point can be 
gained — a useless move effects the position of a team, throws the 
players out of poise. 

The fancy play, the grand-stand play, is a waste of energy, child- 
ish, worthless. The play that counts, the play that shows the science 
of the man who makes it, is the immediate execution, in the simplest 
manner, of the plan that a player conceives when he considers the 
object of his playing. In other (geometrical) words the shortest dis- 
tance between two points is a straight line, and applied to the science 
of hockey, it means that a player should take the shortest and quick- 
est way of obtaining the desired effect, which, by analysis, is often- 
times the most scientific. 

When it is said that every player of a team should strain nerve and 
muscle to score a goal, the meaning is not that each individual mem- 
ber should strive to do the act himself, but that he should use every 
effort to assist him to score who is in the most advantageous position 
to do so. The selfish desire on the part of even one man to make the 
point oftentimes entails the loss of a match. 

Although by nearing his opponents' defence with the puck a player 
naturally approaches the position from which to shoot, he will invari- 
ably confuse his adversaries more successfully, and often secure for 
himself or his partner a much more desirable vantage ground, by 

Spalding's athletic library. 4I 

passing the puck to the latter before reaching the cover-point. Indeed, 
if the question of praise be mentioned, there is often more due to the 
player who assists by a clever bit of combination work than to the 
man who scores the game. 

The secret of a team's success is combination play, in other words, 
unselfishness. It means the giving of the puck to a player of one's 
own side who is in a better position to use it than the man who first 
secures the rubber. It is the science of mutual help. As in lacrosse 
and foot ball, it is a "sine qua non." The team that indulges most 
in this scientific play has the less hard work to do and is necessarily 
the freshest when the trying end of the match comes round, because 
combination play minimizes the work in this arduous game. 

As soon as a player secures the puck he should first look for an 
opening and then size up, at a glance, the position of his confreres. 
It is, indeed, a question whether it be not more scientific, more suc- 
cessful to first look for a good opportunity to pass the puck to a part- 
ner, and then, if none such presents itself, to force a clearing. 

It happens that a fast forward can, by his own personal efforts, 
score one, two or perhaps three goals, but toward the close of the 
game he is no longer able to do effective work, because his selfish 
exertions have played him out, and when necessity demands that, 
because of poor assistance from his partners, a good man should 
indulge in individual work, such may be permissible, but the team 
thus handicapped cannot expect to win from a well-baJanced aggre- 

Combination in hockey is the scientific means to the end at which 
the players aim, viz., the placing of a man of the team that makes the 
play in the best obtainable position to shoot a goal, and should be 
carried on only until that position is attained. 

It is possible lo indulge even too much in combination work, neces- 
sary as it is on most occasions, and thus the virtue may be turned into 
a vice. It should not be played too freely by men in front of their 
own goals, and as it is merely a means to an end, an over indulgence 
in it is a loss of time, of which hockey is too fast a game to allow. 

In close quarters the puck should be passed to a man's stick, and 
not in a line with his skates. A scientific player, rushing down the 
ice with a partner, will give tV»e puck to the latter, not in a direct 

Spalding's athletic library. 43 

line with him, unless they are very close together, but to a point 
somewhat in advance, so that he will have to skate up to get it. The 
advantage in this style of passing is that the man who is to receive 
the rubber will not have to wait for it, but may skate on at the same 
rate of speed at which he was going before the puck was crossed and 
proceed in his course without loss of time. 

The puck should be passed in such a manner that it will slide 
along the ice and not "lift," because it is difficult to stop and secure 
the rubber when it comes flying through the air. There are times, of 
course, when a "lifted" pass is necessary; for instance, when the 
line on the ice between the passer and the receiver is obstructed, but 
otherwise the "sliding" pass is advisable. 

When two "wing" men play combination together in an attack, 
the puck should scarcely ever be passed directly to each other, but 
should be aimed at the cushioned side of the rink, some distance in 
advance of the man, so that he may secure it on the rebound. The 
rink is so wide that it is difficult to pass the puck accurately from one 
side to the other, especially during a rush, so the above means is 

When three or four forwards are making a rush, the puck should 
be held by one of the centre players until the cover-point is reached, 
because in such a play the latter does not know to which man the 
rubber is to be passed, for it may be given to the right or the left 
wing or even to the other centre player, but when, in an attack, a 
wing man has the puck, the cover-point knows that he must neces- 
sarily cross it out to the centre and is prepared for the play. 

When the forwards of a team are operating around their opponents' 
^ ^als and cannot get an opening, it is sometimes advisable for them 
to i. ide the puck to their cover-point if he is well advanced towards 
the middle of the rink, because this will probably coax out the de- 
fence, and the change of positions may create the desired effect. 

One of the most successful, and, perhaps, the most neglected of 
combination plays is the following : when a player secures the puck 
behind or to the side of his opponents' goals, he should, if he has 
time, slide it to his assistant who is in the best position to receive it, 
or, if not, to the side where he knows that one of his men, by a pre- 
concerted, practiced arrangement, awaits it, but he should never send 

Bankers Team, Pittsburg. 

Keystone and P. A. C. Team. 



it, with a blind, trust-to-luck shot directly in front of the goals, 
because the point and cover-point should be, and usually are, stationed 
there. This simple play is often attended with great success. To 
guard against this play the defence men and forwards of the attacked 
goals should see that, when the puck is around the goal line, each of 
their opposing forwards is carefully checked. 

Each player should be careful to remain in his own position, and 
in order to acquire the habit of so doing, every man should make it a 
point in each practice, however unimportant, to cling to the particular 
position on the team which he is intended to fill. It is a grievous 
mistake for a wing man to leave his position and play in the centre 
of the ice or on the side to which he does not belong, or for a centre 
player or rover to wander to the wings, because as each man has a 
cover, a check, on whom, in turn he should bestow his attention, he 
gives his opponent, when he leaves his place, an opening that the 
latter should not, and would not have if he were properly watched, 
besides, the forwards and the defence men of an experienced team 
ought to be able to know where their assistants are or, rather, should 
be by judging from their own positions. When a man strays from his 
OM^n territory, a brilliant combination play may easily be lost through 
his absence from his proper place. 

Each player of a team should occupy his position so unfailingly in 
practice, and the team should indulge in combination work to such an 
extent, that, in a match, a forward ought, at times, to be able to slide 
the puck to an assistant without even having to look to know where 
the latter is. If perfection be aimed at, and it should, the point of 
following up should be so regular, so systematic that this play may 
be successfully indulged in, because, with every man working in his 
position, like so many movements in a clock, a forward with the puck, 
in advance, should know without looking, where each of his partners 

The prettiest spectacle afforded by a good hockey match, is the 
rush down the ice, four abreast, of the forwards. This play to a man 
of sporting instincts, verges on the beautiful. 

When four men in a line, racing at lightning speed, approach the 
defence of their opponents, it is then that the goal-keeper of the 
attacked party sees danger signals floating in the air, because the 


assistance he will receive from his defence men, is, on these occasions, 
problematical. If they crowd in upon h m, his view of the play is 
obstructed ; if the cover rushes out he may not use the body-check, 
because he does not know which man will have the puck, and there- 
fore cannot afford to waste time and energy on one who has already 
passed the rubber, or who will do so, and the point man must neces- 
sarily keep his position unless some fumbling occurs. But should the 
forward line advance four abreast? This is a serious question. 

When such a rush is being made, one slip, one fumble, a fraction 
of a second lost, will throw at least three of the forwards off-side, out 
of play. It is a good deal safer and more satisfactory for one man, 
say the rover, to follow the three other forwards, slightly in the rear, 
so that if such a slip, such a fumble occurs, he will be close on hand 
to recover the puck, and quickly place his men in play. 

More than two forwards should never be behind their opponents' 
goals at the same time, because it is necessary that some should be ir. 
front, in case the puck should be passed out to them, and, moreover, 
if it be lifted down by their adversaries, they have a chance of stop- 
ping it in a good position to shoot for the goals. 

At least two men should be in front, in order, to follow up any 
attack that their opponents might make on their goals. It is surpris- 
ing how much trouble can be caused a forward line by a persistent 
forward who nags at them from behind. He can often break up a 
combination, and create more confusion among them than a defence 
man, because they know what to expect from the latter and are on 
the lookout for him, but find it difficult to deal with a fast man who 
bothers them in this way. It is in this work that a fast .'^kater shows 
to advantage. 

Should a forward who has gone down the ice alone attempt to pass 
the cover-point and point of the opposing team, before shooting? 
Yes and no. If the cover-point is well up towards the middle of the 
rink and the point is not too near the goals, let him strain every 
nerve and muscle to dodge them both and then shoot, but if the de- 
fence men are bunched in front of the poles, he should lift without 
trying to pass the cover-point. His shot, in this case, will often prove 
effective, because, having his two assistants directly in front of him, 
obstructing his view of the play, the goal keeper cannot easily stop a 

Photo by Gillespie & Sons, Thessalon, Ont. 

1, F. Shaw; 2, Rutherford; 3, A. Shaw; 4. Simon, Vice-Pres.; 5, Town; 6, Cullis- 

7» N. McKay; 8, R. McKay; 9, Rothera; 10. Wigg; 11, Glanville, Pres. 

N«w Ontavio Champions, 1908-'04. 

Spalding's athletic library. 49 

low, hard, well directed "puck," besides, he will deprive the cover* 
point of the pleasure of " using his body." 

On approaching the cover-point, a forward, before passing the puck, 
should incline a good deal towards the opposite side to which he is 
going to send it, because in so doing he will force the cover-point to 
leave his place, and thereby create a better clearing for action. 

It is a peculiar fact that defence men, in their positions, are usually 
less apt than forwards to get excited, which might be accounted for 
by this that it is a great deal easier for them to prevent a man from 
scoring than it is for him to score, and, besides, they are in their own 
territory moving at comparative ease, whilst the rushing forward tears 
down at full speed and has time enough only to think of how he may 
pass the puck or how elude the cover-point. The forward player has 
more to think of, more to do in order to score, than the defence men 
have in preventing him. 

It is in the attack on goals that a forward's coolness will assist him. 
For a man to know what to do, when he is near his opponents' de- 
fence, requires thought. The ever-varying changes in conditions and 
positions prevents a man from having any set line of action in an 
attack. Every rush is confronted by a different combination of cir- 
cumstances, and a forward must know, on each separate occasion, the 
play that is best calculated to effect the desired result. This knowl- 
edge is the attribute of an experienced player and must go hand in 
hand with coolness. Practice teaches a man what to do. coolness 
enables him to do it. 

It is singular, but remarkably true, that a forward who could not 
win even a " green " skating race, can excel as a lightning hockey 
player. It is one of the ingenious paradoxes of the game, that cannot 
be explained. A man who can beat another in a race is not neces- 
sarily a faster forward than that man. Examples on every team 
prove the contention. Perhaps the possession of the puck, the excite- 
ment of the game, the attraction that an assistant has when skating 
near him, gives to the man who may not claim distinction ai a racer, 
a power, a speed, that a simple race cannot make him exercise ; per- 
haps the superior science of a player who cannot skate as well as 
another, may enable him to surpass that man in general speed, by 
minimizing his work and by allowing him to husband his strength 

1 — Lai Earls, captain of last year's Marlboros; now with Calumet team in Inter- 
national Professional League. 2— M. W. Doherty, Ontario Agricultural College, 
for many years president of the W. O. H. A. 3— Thomas Hodge, clever Montreal 
player, 4— Edward J. Giroux, ffoal-keeper last year's Champion Marlboros; now 
With Rat Portage. 

Spalding's athletic library. 51 

for the great efforts that occur at different stages of the game. 

When a forward skates down the rink near the side, his easiest way 
of dodging an opponent is by caroming the puck against the boards, 
which act as a cushion, passing his man on the outside, and recover- 
ing the puck which bounces out to meet him. In this play the puck 
should invariably be lifted, because the dodge is expected, and if the 
puck slides along the ice to the side it may often be easily stopped. 

When a forward, rushing down the ice, is well followed by another 
of his side, he should not try to dodge the cover-point, but should 
draw out that man by inclining to the side, and pass the puck to his 
partner, taking care to then place himself in the best possible position 
to receive it back, if the latter cannot shoot, 

A man should check his opponents' stick heavily, as a gentle stroke, 
an easy check, has seldom any effect. 

Experiences teaches that in a low, bent position, a man can get up 
speed a good deal quicker than when he keeps his body upright, and. 
moreover, he is less liable when skating thus, to suffer from the body 
check of an opponent. 

A body check means the striking of a man with your hip or shoulder 
in order to cause him to stop or even fall. The most effective check 
of this kind is striking a man with the hip, upon his hip, because this 
is more or less the centre of gravity in a human being, and a good, 
solid weight catching a person in this spot, especially when that per- 
son is balancing on his skates or rushing up the ice, seldom fails in 
the desired result. The forward player who indulges in body-check- 
ing makes a fatal mistake, for although he may gain a momentary 
advantage, he wastes so much energy in the act, that in the long run 
he is a heavy loser. This is an incontrovertible fact, the testimony 
any forward will bear out the statement. He should avoid body- 
checking with even greater care than he should being checked, 
because the former requires a great effort, and the latter only seldom 
injures the man who is encountered. A defence man, however, who 
has but few rushes up the ice, can afford to enjoy the pleasure of 
"throwing" himself at an opponent, and often to great advantage. 
He is in a good position to catch his adversary " on the hip," especi- 
ally when the latter is " on the wing," as it were, and can thus often 
put a short stop to a dangerous run. The effect of a body-check is 


not SO "striking" when the object of it steadies himself in as low a 
position as possible, while the man who is using the play attains his 
end better by catching his opponent, as stated above, in the centre of 
his weight, or higher, when the latter is not steadily placed. This 
practice of body checking is permissible, and, to a certain degree, 
scientific, but it is questionable whether it be not a less noble way of 
overcoming a dangerous opponent, than by expert stick handling, or 
by some gentler means. It cannot be said to be directly in accord- 
ance with the strictest, the highest sense of polished, fair, scientific 
play. It certainly is a feat, difficult of accomplishment, to stop a 
man who is rushing towards you with the speed of an express train, 
and upset him without the slightest injury to yourself, but is this the 
fairest way of defending your flags? It savors too much of roughness, 
and can be the cause of a serious accident, because a fall on the ice, 
at any time is usually painful and dangerous enough, without any ad- 
ditional impetus from without. If it is allowable, it is most unfair to 
" body " a man into. the side of the rink. 

Among some of the senior teams the practice of interference is 
becoming prominent, and should be severely checked, because it is 
an unfailing cause of unnecessary roughness. No player, however 
mild, who is rushing down the ice to secure an advantageous position, 
will allow himself to be deliberately interrupted, stopped by an oppo- 
nent who has not, and should not have the right to oppose his course, 
without picking a bone or two with him. Another innovation that is 
calculated to injure the game, is mass plays. This rupture of the 
rules was conspicuous among certain teams last year. It might be 
hard to imagine or detect such a thing in hockey, but it, nevertheless, 
occurs. It is practically, "concentrated interference," in technical 
terms, and, as in foot ball, is used by the team which attempts to 
score, a point which distinguishes it from simple interference as used 
by an attacked team to prevent scoring. To be properly carried out 
it involves the disregard for the rule regulating on-side movements, 
and is therefore, though difficult to detect, a breach of the same. 
The teams in cities where the practice of interference in foot ball is 
more popular, are the most given to this play. 

It is essential that the two centre men and the right wing should be 
able to shoot the puck as well from the right side as from the left. 

Ottawa, Canada. 


because the chances of scoring in either ways are about equal. As for 
the left wing, he is called upon so seldom to shoot from the right, 
that is presuming that he holds his stick correctly, with the blade to 
his left side, that it is not so important for him. 

The most dangerous, successful lift for the goal, is raising the puck 
about to the level of the knee. This height is too great to allow the 
goaler's stick to be of any use, and is not high enough to be stopped 
by his bulky body. 

The lift is not obtained by strength, but by knack and a good stick. 
Of course the more strength there is in the act of lifting the greater 
will be the velocity of the shot. But strength minus knack is not so 
successful as knack minus strength. 

To lift the puck, the edge of the blade of the hockey stick must 
touch the puck lower than half its thickness, and the practiced "twist 
of the wrist " accomplishes the rest. This form of ridding yourself 
of the rubber is most important, because by a lift the puck travels 
farther and faster than it would along the ice, which gets cut up soon 
after the opening of a match, besides, it is much harder for an oppo- 
nent to stop a lift than an ordinary sliding puck. 

It is a mistake to lose courage because your opponents score the 
first three or four goals. 

Do not begin to play roughly because you are losing ; and do not 
purposely and ostentatiously avoid scoring against a team that has 
already lost, because even if a bad beating does discourage them they 
would rather suffer it than be humiliated by any such show of pity. 

Do not imagine that after winning t. few games the match is won, 
because " accidents " occur, and do not dream of laurel wreathes and 
championships on account of your success in the opening of the series. 

Attend every practice but do not become overtrained. 

A man should not lose his temper because he suffers a sore knock. 
A display of "fireworks" is often the cause of an undesirable rest 
among the spectators. 

Do not question the decision of the umpire or referee. Let your 
captain plead the case. • 


Spalding's athletic library. 


























The hockey team is composed of seven players, each of whom has 
his own, distinct position to fill, and the success that attends a well 
balanced aggregation, depends a great deal upon the systematic way 
in which these positions are looked after. 

Each man has his particular place to fill, his own work to do, and 
each position on the team, from the goal-minder's to that of the 
centre forward, differing essentially from the others in the duties 
that it entails, calls for work that may not be used in any other. 


Of all the responsible positions on a team, that of the goal-minder 
is perhaps the most difficult satisfactorily to fill. It is so hard to stop 
a strong, well-directed shot, and so many of them pour in during the 
course of a match, that in the exercise of his work, even though it 
occurs only periodically, the goaler is called upon to use the greatest 
skill and coolness. A forward may miss a good chance to score, and 
the effect is only negative ; a point or cover-point man may make a 
mistake, but there is usually an assistant around to help him ; but 
when the goal minder makes a blunder, the whistle is blown and a 
point is placed to the credit of his opponents. 

Mr. F. S. Stocking, goal-keeper of the Quebec team, and generally 
recognized throughout Canada as the peer of his position, has kindly 
contributed the following hints on goal-minding : 

«' Goal-keeping is one of the easiest and at the same time one of 
the most difficult positions to fill successfully on the team. 

"It is simple because it is not altogether essential to be an expert 
skater or stick handler It is difficult because it requires a quick and 
true eye together with agility of motion and good judgment. 

"Besides keeping his eye on the puck, he must have a good idea 
where his opponents are placed so as to be prepared to stop a shot 
resulting from a sudden pass in front of goals. 

58 Spalding's athletic library. 

'•I ain of the opinion that the goaler should only leave his goal 
under the following conditions : — First, when he is quite sure that he 
can reach the puck before an opponent, and when none of his own 
team are near enough to secure it instead ; secondly; when one of the 
attacking side has succeeded in passing the defence and is coming in 
(unsupported) towards the goal, then the goaler, judging the time 
well, may skate out to meet him, being careful that he is directly in 
line between the shooter and goal. This sudden movement surprises 
the man and he is liable to shoot the puck inaccurately or against the 
goaler's body. 

"In stopping the puck, the feet, limbs, body and hands are all 
used according to the nature of the shot. The stick is used to clear 
the puck from the goals after stop has been made, but rarely to make 
the stop. 

♦' Some goalers use the hands much more frequently than others 
and make splendid stops in this way. But this depends on the in- 
dividual's handiness, those accustomed to play base ball and cricket 

"The most difficult shot to stop results from a quick pass in front 
of goals at the height of about one foot off the ice. 

"Goalers should use a good broad bladed skate, not too sharp, so 
as to allow easy change of position from one side to the other of the 
goal. He should dress warmly and protect his body and limbs with 
the usual pads which at the same time help to fill up the goal. 

"He must not get 'rattled ' by the spectators and never lose con- 
fidence in himself." 

Many a goal is scored by an easy, lazy, slide, or by a long lift, 
when the goaler is not expecting danger, therefore the man in this 
position should be careful to follow the movements of the puck even 
when it is at the other end of the rink, and cautious in stopping the 
easiest shot, because "there's many a slip." Nothing should fluster 
a goal keeper, nothing discourage him. If one of his opposing for- 
wards dodges every one of his opponents, and has a clear, dangerous 
opening for the goals, even then let the goaler retain his self-posses- 
sion and confidence, because, nine times out of ten, the forward who 
is making the attack is more excited over the peculiar circumstances 
of his rush than the former possibly could be, and will often shoot 

Spalding's athletic library. 59 

less accurately than he would under less favorable conditions. It is 
a mistake for a goal-minder to imagine that he is not doing his duty 
because three or four or more points have been scored against him, 
because the fault may, and very often does, rest upon the poor sssist- 
ance he receives from his defence and forwards. 

He should insist upon his defence men keeping at a reasonable 
distance from the goals, but if they do crowd in upon him, he should 
crouch down as low as the law allows and carefully watch the puck. 

When the play is to his left, he should incline to that side in his 
goals, touching the pole with his leg and his side, and, if to the right, 
vice versa, but when it is directly in front, let him be right in the 
centre of his goal, occupying as much space as possible. He should 
never rely upon his assistants to stop any shot, but should always be 
prepared for an emergency. As soon as he stops the puck he should 
clear to the side, not waiting to be attacked, or if he has plenty of 
time, lift it towards his opponents' goals, although it is advisable to 
give it to one of his defence men to deal with, because, through prac- 
tice, they can usually lift better than he, and, besides, are in a 
position to start a rush by passing it to their forwards. 

A poor skater who is a good goal-minder would be a better goal- 
minder if he were a good skater. His skates should be made in such 
a manner, or fastened with straps in such a way, that the puck may 
not pass between the plate and the blade, and his stick should be 
short in the handle so that he may manage it easily when the puck is 
near his skates. 


Mr. " Mike " Grant, the best known player in Canada, captain for 
years of the erstwhile invincible Victorias, in speaking on general 
defence work, says : — 

" The defence of a successful team must necessarily be as pro- 
portionately strong as the forward line. Although their territory, 
their sphere of action, is more limited than that of their forwards, the 
defence men have work to do that is, in its effect, as important as 
the rushes of the latter. 

•* The goal-keeper should consider that he is enclosed in a magic 
circle, and should scarcely ever leave his position, but if he does he 
should return to it as soon as possible. He should not depend upon 

6o sfalding's athletic library. 

his defence to stop the puck. The point and cover-point should play 
as if they wete one man in two positions. The position of the point 
should be determined by that of the cover-point. If the cover-point 
is on one side, the point should be on the other to such an extent 
only, though, that each may have an equally good view of the play, 
and that a forward who advances toward their goals will have two 
distinct men to pass, instead of two men, one directly and close, 
behind the other. 

" When two forwards approach their goals, the cover-point should 
devote his attention to the man who has the puck and block him as 
well as he may, and the point should advance slightly to meet the 
other, and, incidentally, to intercept any pass tha*; may be attempted. 

" During a tussle behind or to the side of the goals, the point and 
cover-point should never leave their positions vacant. If the one 
leaves his place the other should remain in front, but never should 
both be away, because the absence of these two men from their proper 
positions is the cause of more games being lost, than any other fault 
they may commit. 

" The position of the point man is essentially defensive. The dis- 
tance between him and the goaler is determined by the proximity of 
the play. He should not stray too far from his place, because often- 
times he is practically a second goal-minder, able, through the practice 
that his position gives him, to stop almost equally well as the latter, 
but although he should remain close to his goal-keeper, he should 
never obstruct that man's view of the puck. Whenever it becomes 
necessary for the goaler to leave his place, it is the duty of the point 
man immediately to fill it, and remain there until the latter returns. 

•* He should, as a rule, avoid rushing up the ice, but if he has a 
good opening for such a play he should give the puck to one of his 
forwards on the first opportunity and then hasten back to his position, 
which has been occupied in the interim by the cover-point. 

•• When it is absolutely necessary, combination play may be carried 
on by the point and cover-point in front of goals, but only with the 
greatest care. 

"When three or four forwards skate down together it is advisable 
for the defence men to retire towards their goals and block them un- 
til assistance from the forwards arrives. 

Spalding's athletic library. 6i 

'■The defence men should not allow themselves to be coaxed, drawn 
out, by their opponents. 

♦• A lifting competition between the defence men of the opposing 
teams is fatiguing to the forwards, and very tiresome to look at. 

"The position of the cover-point is the best adapted for the cap- 
taining of a team, because a man in this place is in touch with the 
defence and the forward players." 


Mr. Hugh Baird, captain and cover-point of the Montreal Hockey 
team, contributes the following in connection with the position, in 
which he has risen to such high distinction : 

" The cover-point is a combination of a defence man and a forward, 
and is allowed, in virtue of the fact, more latitude with respect to 
leaving his position than any man on the team, except the rover. 

"In his capacity of a defence player he should linger arouud his 
goals as long as the puck is near, and be very careful when he secures 
it in front of the poles. When the play is at the other end of the 
rink, the cover-point should advance to about the middle, so that 
when the puck is lifted down he may return it without loss of time, 
in order to keep the game centered around his opponents' goals and 
to save his forwards the trouble of skating up to him so that they 
may again 'get into play.' It is by playing far up under these cir- 
cumstances that a clever cover-point can shine to the advantage of 
his team. If he has a good opening, he should shoot well for the 
goals, but if he has not he should, as I have said, return the p«ck 

"When in this position, far from his goals, a cover-point is sud- 
denly confronted by an opposing forward who rushes down the ice, he 
should skate towards his defence, watching that man and gradually 
closing in upon him. 

"I am an advocate of legitimate body-checking, and consider that 
the most successful way of stopping a man who approaches alone is 
by blocking him — obstructing his course in any way that does not 
violate Section 8. It requires less effort and is less dangerous to 
block an opponent than to ' body * him. 

"A forward player, nine times out of ten, or even oftener, will try 


to pass the cover-point by first feinting to the left, then dodging to 
the right. If this be remembered, the cover-point vv'ill not bother 
about that feint to the left, which is to his right, but will almost inva- 
riably expect to be passed on his left, or the forward's right, and will 
act accordingly. 

"He should be as careful to prevent a forward player who is ad- 
vancing towards him from sliding the puck between his feet, a com- 
mon and successful dodge, which, however, in its execution requires 
a good deal of confidence on the part of the man who attempts it. 

•♦The puck should be stopped, from a lift, by the hand, and in such 
a way that it will drop ' dead ' and not bound forward. 

"In lifting the puck, attention should be given to direct it so that 
it shall not be sent to an opponent, but to the side or to an opening, 
in order to enable the forwards to follow it up and block the return. 

"It is advisable for the defence to be so placed that if the cover- 
point is directly in front of the goal-minder the point will be either 
to the left or right, between the two, because they will thus all have 
a clear view of the play. On no occasion should the three defence 
men be in Indian file — one directly in front of the other. 

"A cover-point, in lifting the puck, should be guided by the posi- 
tions of his players. If they are around his opponents' defence, he 
should quickly lift the puck in their direction, in order to keep the 
play in that territory. In this case he should lift, and not dribble or 
slide the puck, because a lift is more difficult for his adversaries to 
secure. If his forwards are around his own defence and he is forced 
clear, he should shoot the puck in such a direction that will cause his 
opponents the most trouble to recover it, thus enabling his forwards 
to follow up with a chance of securing the return. 

"When the cover-point secures the puck, and only a short distance 
exists between himself and his forwards, he should advance, pass the 
puck to them and bring them all into play, then return to his post. 

" He should attempt an individual rush only when an exceptional 
opportunity offers itself. In the early part of a match the cover- 
point should not leave his position more than is absolutely necessary, 
but towards the end, when his opposing forwards are played out he 
may assume, to great advantage, a decidedly offensive position. 

"The stick of a cover-point should be somewhat heavier than a 

Spalding's athletic library. 63 

forward's. It should be long in the handle, in order to increase a 
man's reach, and the blade should taper, becoming thinner towards 
the end, which aids in raising the puck. His dress and skates are 
the same as used by the forwards." 


Mr. Harry Trihey, of the Shamrock Hockey Team, and perhaps 
the most effective forward player in the game, gives the following as 
his opinion regarding forward playing : 

** The essentials of a forward are science, speed, coolness, endur- 
ance and stick-handling, which embraces shooting, and the success 
of a forward line is combination play. Science and speed are exer- 
cised at all times during the game ; coolness is essential, especially 
when a forward is near his opponents' goals ; endurance is taxed in 
the second half of the match, and stick-handling is a necessary qua- 
lity whenever the player has the puck. 

** The centre player, the right and the left wing men must stick 
closely to their positions, but the rover, as his name indicates, may 
use his judgment as to what particular place is most in need of extra 
help. If the defence be weak or crippled, the rover should lend his 
aid to that part of the team when he is not absolutely needed by the 
forwards, but he should also follow up every rush that is made by the 
latter. He should be the busiest man on the team, because, as a for- 
ward, he must attack, and follow up every attack on his opponents' 
goals ; he should also be the particular player to return to help his 
own defence against every rush by his adversaries. 

" It is necessary that a forward should be in the ' pink of condition,' 
and that he should take great care of himself in practice, because 
even the slightest injury will proportionately lessen his usefulness. 
Besides the ordinary training, it is advisable to diet, in order to get 
into the proper condition. ' Early to bed, early to rise,' should be a 
player's maxim, because sleep before midnight is much more beneficial 
than it is after that time, 

•♦ Dodging depends upon the ingenuity of a player, and no rule can 
be laid down to regulate the science, because each separate dodge 


must be adapted to the circumstances of his own and his opponents* 

•• To resist a body-check a player should take care t© make himself 
as solid on the ice as he can, but at the same time allowing the upper 
part of his body to remain limber, so that the shock may not be so 
strongly felt. When advancing towards a man who, he knows, is 
going to body-check him, a player should, on meeting him, slide the 
puck forward to such a place, and in such a manner, that after the 
encounter, he may have a better chance of recovering it. I think, 
however, that a clever forward can nearly always avoid a body-check, 
because, advancing at a, high rate of speed, he has the advantage over 
an opponent who awaits him. The forward should never body-check, 
because this exhausts his strength. 

"The most successful shot for the goals is a lift which raises the 
puck only as high as the goal-minder's knee. A player should accus- 
tom himself to shoot from both sides. 

" Most goals are scored on a rush, not from a scrimmage, and for 
this reason it is advisable not to lose too much energy in tussling for 
the puck behind the goal-line. 

"It is a mistake to attempt to score a game when too far removed 
from the goals, or at too great an angle to the side. 

••The forwards should be careful not to 'bunch,' not to crowd 
around the puck, which can be avoided if each man plays in his own 

" A forward's dress and skates should be light. 

«• His stick should be strong, light and not too flexible, having a 
long blade and handle, which will increase his reach. It should be 
made of second growth ash, which is the most serviceable wood, be- 
cause it combines strength with lightness, and does not, like most 
other woods, absorb the water which frequently appears on the ice. 
When a player gets a stick that suits him, he should carefully note its 
particular points, so that when that one breaks, he may secure others 
of the same shape. A player should use the stick that he him- 
self prefers, and should not be guided by the choice of others, 
although, of course, he should always look for an improvement of his 

Spalding's athletic library. 65 


In describing the qualifications and duties of a referee, Mr. Gordon 
Lewis, of the Montreal Victorias, whose efficient services in this 
position make him a competent judge on the subject, has this to say : 
*♦ The man who accepts this important position should, above all, 
have a thorough knowledge of the rules of the game, because, in his 
capacity of referee, he musL judge the play and carefully guard against 
any infringement of the rules. His decision is final, his authority 
supreme, and although he should listen attentively'to any objection 
that a captain of a team may have to his ruling, he must judge 
conscientiously according to his own interpretation of the rules. A 
referee should never argue with a player, because the captain is the 
only man on the team who is entitled to raise an objection. It is my 
opinion that a referee cannot very well be too strict. It is his duty, 
it is to the interest of the game, to exact that the game be played 
according to the rules. 

•' He should follow the play from one end of the rink to the other, 
keeping in the centre, when the puck is near the side, and vice versa, but 
always near enough to follow it well, without ever obstructing the way. 
"He should be strictly impartial, and should be guided, in his de- 
cisions only by stern justice ; besides, he should be careful that the 
crowd does not in any way influence him. Even a losing team should 
be allowed no advantage, however slight. 

♦'Before the match begins, the referee ought to warn the players 
against rough and foul play — and afterwards deal out his punishment 
to an offender commensurately with the grievousness of the foul. 

"Loafing off-side should be strictly dealt with, as also should de- 
liberate rough play. A referee in enforcing the rules should give his 
decision only after careful consideration, but then he should remain 
firm, obdurate, unless, perhaps, he plainly sees that he has made a 
mistake, which even a referee may do, in which case it might be well 
for him to reverse his ruling. 

" If the two centre men will not face correctly, let them be changed, 
and if the next couple are bothersome, they should be ruled off. 

"If the referee sees evidence of unfairness on the part of the um- 
pires it is his duty to warn the captains. 

66 Spalding's athletic library. 

"As a general rule, the referee should be very strict on the 'off- 
side' question, but I think that in the case where the off-side is a 
matter of only a few inches, and the play is not in the vicinity of the 
goals, a httle leniency in this respect will make the game more inter- 





The name of this organization shall be "The American Amateur 
Hockey League." 


Its object shall be to improve, foster and perpetuate the game 
of Hockey in the United States ; protect it from professionalism ; 
and to promote the cultivation of kindly feeling among the mem- 
bers of Hockey Clubs. 


Section i. Its officers shall be a President, a Vice-President, 
a Secretary-Treasurer, and an Executive Committee not exceed- 
ing four, to be elected annually by ballot, who shall be entitled 
to vote the same as delegates by virtue of their office. They shall 
hold office until their successors are appointed. No Club shall 
be allowed to have more than one representative as an officer or 
member of the Executive Committee of this League. 

Sec. 2. Any vacancy occurring in the Executive Committee may 
be filled at a regular meeting of the said Committee. 

Sec- 3. All officers shall be ex-officio members of the Execu- 
tive Committee. 

Sec. 4. Two members of the Executive Committee shall be 
appointed by the Executive to be a Special Committee, which 
shall be known as the Governing Committee. 



Section i. The President shall preside at all meetings of the 
Association and Executive. He shall have a vote in the election 
of officers and the admission of new Clubs, and the casting vote 
in a tie. He shall call special meetings of this League whenever 
he deems them necessary, or when requested in writing to do so 
by any two Clubs in the Association, who shall specify their 
reasons for desiring such meeting. 

Sec. 2. The Vice-President shall perform the duties of the 
President in his absence. 

Sec. 3. The Secretary- Treasurer shall keep an accurate rec- 
ord of the proceedings of the League and the Executive Commit- 
tee, a register of the clubs in the League, and the names of 
office bearers, and the address of the Club Secretary. He shall 
conduct all correspondence of the League and the Executive, 
keep a record of the decisions of the latter on all points of ap- 
peal, protest and complaint. He shall notify all officers and 
clubs of their election, issue all notices of meetings, keep a 
correct account of moneys received and disbursed by him, and 
report to the League. He shall bank all funds in trust. 

Sec. 4. The Executive Committee shall view and decide upon 
all business submitted to them and shall generally manage the 
Association; provided, however, that nothing herein contained 
shall give the Executive Committee jurisdiction over matters 
coming within the scope of the Governing Committee, unless 
same come before the Executive Committee in appeal. 

Sec. 5. The Governing Committee shall hear all appeals, pro- 
tests and complaints, and decide all questions, arising during the 
championship season, relative to the eligibility of players, dis- 
putes between contesting clubs or teams, appeals against rulings 
of match officers or otherwise, and generally take full charge, 
control and management of the championship games and all club 
members of this League. 

Section i. The convention shall be composed of two dele- 


gates from the several Amateur Hockey Clubs in the United 
States, which have been duly admitted to membership, each 
delegate shall have one vote- 

Sec. 2. Delegates must be in good standing in the Club they 

Sec. 3. No delegates shall be admitted to the convention unless 
he shall have filed with the Secretary a certificate of his appoint- 
ment signed by the President and Secretary of the Club he 


Section i. Clubs in this League must be composed exclusively 
of Amateurs. 


Sec. 2. An Amateur is one who has never competed for a 
money prize or staked bet, or with or against a professional for 
any prize, or who has never taught, pursued, or assisted in the 
practice of athletic exercise as a means of obtaining a livelihood ; 
or who has never entered any competition under a name other 
than his own. 

Sec. 3. The Amateur rule of the A. A. U. is adopted by this 
League and embodied in this Constitution. 

Sec. 4. No club shall be admitted to membership in this 
League unless it adopts in its Constitution the words or senti- 
ments in this article, 

Section i. Any Hockey club desiring to join this League shall 
send to the Secretary an application for membership, not later 
than November ist, also as many copies of its Constitution and 
By-Laws as there are clubs in the League, a list of its officers, 
and number of members, together with membership fee as pre- 
scribed in Article VIII. 

Section i. The annual fee for each club member of this 

Spalding's athletic library. 71 

League shall be $10.00, payable when applications for member- 
ship in the League is made and at each annual meeting thereafter. 
Sec. 2. Any club whose fee shall remain unpaid later than 
January ist in any year shall not be entitled to representation 
or to vote at any meeting; nor be represented by any team in 
the Championship series ; and shall be considered to have for- 
feited all right to membership in this League. 


Section i. Any club wishing to make an appeal, protest or 
complaint to the Governing Committee, must within three days 
from the time at which the cause of complaint, appeal or protest 
occurred, submit to the Governing Committee in writing (in du- 
plicate), a full and detailed account of the matter in appeal, 
protest or complaint signed by the President and Secretary of the 
complainant club. All such appeals, protests or complaints shall 
be accompanied by the sworn statements of all witnesses in sup- 
port thereof. Such complaint shall be mailed postage prepaid 
by registered letter to the Chairman of the Governing Committee, 
who shall within one day of receipt of same, mail one copy there- 
of in like manner to the Secretary of the club complained against. 
Within three days of the receipt of any such appeal, protest or 
complaint, the answer of the responding club must be in the 
hands of the chairman of the Governing Committee duly signed 
by the President and Secretary of such club, accompanied also 
by the sworn statement of all witnesses to be used in reply to 
such appeal, protest or complaint. A failure to make appeal, 
protest or complaint, or to answer as hereinbefore provided, shall 
finally and absolutely debar the defaulting club of a hearing. 

Sec. 2. The Governing Committee shall at once meet and 
consider the appeal, protest or complaint and within three days 
after receipt of reply render its decision in the premises and 
forthwith notify both clubs by registered letter as above pro- 
vided. Such decision shall in all cases be final, and without ap- 
peal, except as hereinafter provided. 

Sec. 3. Any club wishing to appeal from the decision of the 
Governing Committee may within three days after receipt of de- 


cision as provided in Section 2 of this article, take appeal to the 
Executive Committee, in the following manner : 

The club so desiring to appeal shall at the same time furnish 
the Secretary of the Association with two copies of its appeal, 
protest or complaint (with sworn statements of its witnesses) 
signed by the President and Secretary of such club, and shall 
deposit with him the sum of $25.00. 

Upon these conditions being complied with, the Secretary of 
the Association shall immediately forward one copy to the club 
complained against, which shall within three days make reply 
to such appeal, protest or complaint, and submit sworn state- 
ments of its witnesses. The Secretary of the Association shall 
then call a meeting of the Executive to be held within three 
days, stating the object of such meeting. 

Both clubs shall submit their briefs of evidence at this meet- 
ing and the decision of the Executive on a two-thirds vote of 
those present on the hearing of the appeal, protest or complaint 
shall be final. If the decision be in favor of the complaining 
club, the deposit of $25 shall forthwith be returned, but if the 
decision be adverse, the deposit shall be forfeited to the League. 

Sec. 4- The Executive on motion may direct both clubs to ap- 
pear with their witnesses for examination orally by the Execu- 
tive, or any such appeal. 


Section i. The Governing Committee may suspend o.r expel 
any player or any club for notorious or continued foul play, or 
unfair conduct, or for any persistent infringement of the laws of 
the game or the rules of the League. 

Sec. 2. Any player or any club so suspended may be read- 
mitted by making an ample official apology in writing to the 
Executive Committee, and promising future compliance with the 
Constitution and By-Laws of the League. 

Section i. The League shall hold its annual convention on 
the second Thursday in November in the City of New York. 

Spalding's athletic library. 73 

Sec. 2. Clubs shall be notified of time and place of meet- 
ing at least two weeks previously. 


Section i. No amendment or alteration shall be made in any 
part of the Constitution, except at the Annual Convention of 
the League and by a three-fourths vote of the members present. 
Notice of and full particulars of any proposed alterations or 
amendment must be made to the Secretary of the League, in' 
writing, and by him communicated to the clubs in its member- 
ship, in writing, at least two weeks before it can be voted upon. 
When notice of alteration or amendment has been given as above, 
both the notice and amendment thereto may be voted upon at the 
annual convention. 

Sec. 2. Eight delegates shall form a quorum at the annual 

Sec. 3. The League shall have the privilege of limiting the 
number of clubs in the League. 


Section i. A team shall be composed of seven players who 
shall be bona fide members of the clubs they represent. No player 
shall be allowed to play on more than one team in the same series 
during the season. 

Sec. 2. The game shall be commenced and renewed by a 
face in the center of the rink. Rink must be at least 112 feet by 
58 feet. Nets shall be six feet wide and four feet high. 


The puck shall be faced by being placed between the sticks of 
two opponents and the referee then calling "play." 

The goals shall be placed at least ten feet from the edge of the 

Sec 3. Two twenty minute halves, with an intermission of 
ten minutes between, will be the time allowed for matches ; but 
no stops of more than five minutes shall be allowed. A match 


will be decided by the team winning the greatest number of 
games during that time. In case of a tie after playing the speci- 
fied two twenty minute halves, play will continue until one side 
secures a game, unless otherwise agreed upon between the cap- 
tains before a match. Goals shall be changed after each half. 

Sec, 4. No change of players shall be made after a match has 
commenced, except for reasons of accidents or injuries during 
the game. 

Sec 5. Should any player be injured during the first half of 
the match and compelled to leave the ice, his side shall be al- 
lowed to put on a spare man from the reserve to equalize the 
teams; should any player be injured during the second half of 
the match, the captain of the opposing team shall have the 
option of dropping a player to equalize the teams or allow his 
opponents to put on a man from the reserve. In the event of 
any dispute between the captains as to the injured player's fitness 
to continue the game, the matter shall at once be decided by the 

Sec. 6. Should the game be temporarily stopped by the infringe- 
ment of any of the rules, the captain of the opposing team may 
claim that the puck be taken back and a "face" take place where 
it last was played from before such infringement occurred. 

Sec. 7. When a player hits the puck, anyone of the same side, 
who at such moment of hitting is nearer the opponent's goal line 
is out of play, and may not touch the puck himself or in any way 
whatever prevent any other player from doing so, until the puck 
has been played. A player should always be on his own side of 
the puck. 

Sec. 8. The puck may be stopped, but not carried or knocked 
on, by any part of the body, nor shall any player close his hand 
on, or carry the puck to the ice in his hand. No player shall raise 
the stick above his shoulder, except in lifting the puck. Charg 
ing from behind, tripping, collaring, kicking or shinning shall 
not be allowed, and for any infringement of these rules, the 
referee may rule the ofifending player off the ice for that match 
or for such portion of actual playing time as he may see fit. 



Sec. 9. When the puck goes off the ice or a foul occurs be- 
hind the goals, it shall be taken by the referee to five yards at 
right angles from the goal line and there faced. When the puck 
goes off the ice at the sides, it shall be taken by the referee to 
five yards at right angles from the boundary line and there faced. 

Sec. 10. The goal keeper must not during the play, lie, kneel 
or sit upon the ice, but must maintain a standing position. 

Sec. II. A goal shall be scored when the puck shall have 
passed between the goal posts from in front. 

Sec. 12. Hockey sticks shall not be more than three inches 
wide at any part- 

Sec. 13. The puck must be made of rubber, one inch thick all 
through and three inches in diameter. 

Sec. 14. The captains of the contesting teams shall agree upon 
a referee, two umpires (one to be stationed behind each goal, 
which positions shall not be changed during a match) and two 
timekeepers. In the event of the captains failing to agree on 
umpires and timekeepers, the referee shall appoint same. 

Sec. 15. All disputes during the match shall be decided by the 
referee, and he shall have full control of all players and officials 
from commencement to finish of matches, inclusive of stops, and 
his decision shall be final. 

Sec. 16. All questions as to games shall be settled by the 
umpires, and their decision shall be final. 

Sec. 17. In the event of any dispute as to the decision of an 
umpire or timekeeper, the referee shall have the power to remove 
and replace him. I 

Sec. 18. Any player guilty of using profane or abusive Ian-: 
guage to any official or other players shall be liable to be ruled 
off by the referee as per Section 8. 

Sec. 19. A goal net shall be used. 

championship rules 

Section i. The season shall be from the 15th of December 
ic the 15th of March, both days inclusive 

Sec- 2. The Championship shall be decided by a series of 


games, a schedule of which shall be drawn up by one delegate 
from each club at the annual convention. The club winning 
the most matches shall be declared champion. 

Sec. 3. All Championship matches shall be played on rinks 
arranged for by the home club, subject to the jurisdiction of the 

Sec. 4. The League shall offer a championship trophy, the 
winning club to hold same and be recognized as Champions of 
the United States. The trophy shall be delivered to the winning 
club within seven days after the close of the season. 

Sec. 5. Any club holding the Championship for three years in 
succession shall become absolute owners of the Championship 

Sec. 6. Any team making default shall forfeit its right to 
compete for the Championship for that season, and be liable to a 
fine of $100 unless good reasons can be given for defaulting. All 
matches played by defaulting teams shall be count and future 
matches be awarded to opposing teams- 

Sec. 7. In the event of any two clubs failing to agree upon a 
referee four days before the match, the Governing Committee 
shall appoint a referee on receiving notice from either club that 
an agreement is impossible. 

Sec. 8. It shall be the duty of the captains of the contesting 
teams to hand to the referee the names of the players, for each 
match, previous to the start, on forms supplied by the Secretary 
of the League. The referee shall then fill in the date of ♦^he 
match, names of contesting clubs, the score at the finish, with, 
names of umpires and timekeepers, the whole duly signed by 
himself and forwarded to the Secretary of the League. 

Sec.'^'Q. a player must be a bona fide member of the club nt 
represents at least thirty (30) days before he is eligible to com- 
pete in Championship games. No player shall play in an Ama- 
teur Hockey League scheduled game who, during the then cur- 
rent season, has played with another club in a recognized Hockey 
Association, without special permission of the Executive. 

Spalding's athletic library. 77 




Section i. A team shall be composed of seven players who 
shall be bona fide members of the clubs they represent. No 
player shall be allowed t© play on more than one team in the same 
series during a season, except in a case of bona fide change of 


Sec 2. The game shall be commenced and renewed by a face 
in the centre of the rink. Rink must be at least 112 feet by 58 
wide. Goals shall be six feet wide and four feet high, and pro- 
vided with goal nets, such as approved of by the League. 

definition of a face. 
The puck shall be faced by being placed between the sticks of 
two opponents, and the referee then calling "play." 

The goals shall be placed at least ten feet from the edge of the 

ice. . . 

Sec. 3. Two half-hours, with an intermission of ten minutes 
between, will be the time allowed for matches, but no stops of 
more than fifteen minutes will be allowed. A match will be de- 
cided by the team winning the greatest number of games during 
that time. In case of a tie after playing the specified two half- 
hours, play will continue until one side secures a game, unless 
otherwise agreed upon between the captains before the match. 
Goals shall be changed after each half-hour. 


All matches must be started at the advertised time, and if for 
any reason, there be more than fifteen minntes delay in the 
commencement of a match the club at fault shall pay to the 

foT^rch'del " tJ "'/"" °' *'°' ""'"^ Sood reason be given 
for such delay The referee ,s to see that this rule is observed, 
and^to notify the League within two days should any breach of i; 

Sec. 4. No change of players shall be made after a match has 
commenced, except for reasons of accidents or injury during the 

he match and compelled to leave the ice, his side shall be allowed 
to put on a spare man from the reserve to equalize the teams- 

tt°c t'"'' "It ^" '"'-""^ ''"""« '^' '''°"^ ''^'f °f 'I'e match 
the captam of the opposing team shall have the option of dropping 
a player to equalize the teams or allow his opponents to put on I 
man from the reserve, fn the event of any dispute between he 
captains as to the injured player's fitness to continue the game 
the matter shall at once be decided by the referee. 

Sec. 6. Should the game be temporarily stopped by the in- 
fringement o any of the rules, the captain of t'e opposite em 
may claim that the puck be taken back and a face take place 
where i wa. last played from before such infringement occurred 

who at Y ' " '"r *"" "'' P"*' ^"y°"^ °f 'he same side, 
who at such moment of hitting is nearer the opponent's goal 
me IS out of play, and may not touch the puck himself of in 
any way whatever prevent any other player from doing so, until 
the puck has been played. A player should always be ^n his 
own side of the puck. 

Sec. 8. The piick may be stopped but not carried or knocked 
on by any part of the body, nor shall any player his hand 
on. or carry the puck 1„ tlu- ice in his hand. No player shall 
nuse h,s .stick above the shoulder, except in lifting the puck 
Charging from behind, tripping, collaring, kicking or shinning 
shall not be allowed, and for any infringement of these rules the 

Spalding's athletic library. 79 

referee may rule the offending player off the ice for that match, 
or for such portion of actual playing time as he may see fit. 

Sec. 9. When the puck goes off the ice or a foul occurs behind 
the goals it shall be taken by the referee to five yards at right 
angles from the goal line and there faced. When the puck goes 
off'' the ice at the sides it shall be taken by the referee to five 
yards at right angles from the boundary line and there faced. 

Sec. 10. The goal keeper must not during play, lie, kneel or 
sit upon the ice, but must maintain a standing position. 

Sec. II. Goal shall be scored when the puck shall have passed 
between the goal posts from in front below an imaginary line 
across the top of posts. 

Sec. 12. Hockey sticks shall not be more than three inches 
wide at any part. 

Sec. 13. The puck must be made of vulcanized rubber, one mch 
thick all through and three inches in diameter. 

The Spalding hockey puck, the official puck of the League, 
must be used in all matches. The home club to furnish the referee 
with a new puck previous to the match. 

Sec. 14. The captains of the contesting teams shall agree upon 
a referee and two umpires (one to be stationed behind each 
goal), which position shall not be changed during a match, and 
two t'imekeepers. In the event of the captains failing to agree 
on umpires and timekeepers the referee shall appoint same. 

Sec. 15. All disputes during the match shall be decided by the 
referee, and he shall have full control of all players and officials 
from commencement to finish of matches, inclusive of stops, and 
his decision shall be final. 

Sec. 16. All questions as to games shall be settled by the 
umpires, and their decision shall be final. 

Sec 17. In the event of any dispute as to the decision of an 
umpire or timekeeper the referee shall have power to remove and 

replace him. 1. • 1 

Sec 18. Any player guilty of using profane or abusive lan- 
guage' to any officials or other players shall be liable to be ruled 
off by the referee, as per section 8. 




Section i. The season shall be from the ist of January to the 
5th of March, both days inclusive. 

Sec. 2. The Championship shall be decided by a series of 
games, a schedule of which shall be drawn up by one delegate 
from each club, at the annual convention. The club winning 
the most matches shall be declared Champions. 

Sec. 3. All Championship niatches shall be played on rinks 
arranged for by the home club, subject to the jurisdiction of the 
League. The visiting clubs shall be allowed traveling expenses 
(by the home clubs) limited to the following amounts: 

Montreal to Ottawa, and vice versa $85.00 

Montreal to Quebec, and vice versa 100.00 

Ottawa to Quebec, and vice versa 125.00 

Sec. 4. The League shall offer a Championship trophy, the 
winning club to hold same and be recognized as Champions of 
Canada. The trophy shall be delivered to the winning club within 
seven days after the close of the season. 

Sec. 5. Any club holding the Championship for three years in 
succession shall become absolute owners of the Championship 

Sec. 6. Any team making default shall forfeit its right to com- 
pete for the Championship for that season, and be required to pay 
to the opposing team (within 30 days) a fine of $100, unless a 
previous notice of five days be given to the opposing team and to 
the League of such club's intention to default. Such notice must 
be in writing and be signed by the President and Secretary of the 
defaulting club. 

All matches played with defaulting club shall count, and pre- 
vious matches be awarded to opposing teams. 

Sec. 7. In the event of any two clubs failing to agree upon a 
referee four days before a match, the President shall call a meet- 
ing of delegates (one frof each club), to be held in Montreal, 
ing of delegates (one from each club), to be held in Montreal, 
with the view of choosing a referee for the match in question. 


Such delegates shall have no other power than to select such 
referee for the match named. 

Sec. 8. It shall be the duty of the captains of the contesting 
teams to hand to the referee the names of the players, for each 
match, previous to the start, on forms supplied by the Secretary 
of the League. The referee shall then fill in the date of the 
match, names of contesting clubs, the score at the finish, with the 
names of umpires and timekeepers, the whole duly signed by 
himself and forwarded to the Secretary of the League, 



By Thomas A. Howard, 

Former Captain of the Victorias of Winnipeg and of the New 

York A. C. Team; former cover point of the famous 

Wanderers of New York, Champions of the 

United States; and now cover point of the 

Brooklyn Skating Club Team. 

Hockey is making rapid strides in the United States. The game 
as played to-day is so far above that of six or eight years ago as 
to make the difiference plainly evident to an observing eye. Even 
in the last four years the changes for the better in hockey as 
played in the United States are striking to one who has watched 
carefully the development of the pastime. It can truthfully be 
said that since 1898 and 1899 the game has advanced fifty per cent, 
over its previous form. 

This is an evidence that the people of the United States seek 
for the best in athletics and that they use every endeavor to 
become as accomplished as possible in everything they adopt, 
whether it be as sport or a more serious subject. 

The hockey players of the United States have many Canadians 
among their numbers and consequently it is a difificult matter to tell, 
just where the influence of the natives of the Dominion leaves off, 
and where the effect of the methods of the Americans begins. 
Frequently we hear discussions of, and comment on, the relative 
merits of Canadian and American teams. These comparisons 
(for often the remarks are of such a nature) could be carried to 
more definite conclusions if the sevens of this country were made 
up entirely of men born and reared in "the States." 

However, the strictly American players of hockey in this 
country are increasing markedly and there does not seem to be 


Spalding's athletic library. 87 

much doubt that the time will come when this thrilling, fascinat- 
ing sport will rank as high in public favor in winter as does 
foot ball in the fall of the year. 

So far as the relative merits of the teams of Canada and the 
United States are concerned, probably the situation can best be 
summed up by stating that the Canadians excel in games played 
in their own territory and that the men playing on the sevens 
of this country have held their own in contests occurring in the 
rinks of the United States. 

The statement can justly be made that the visiting Canadian 
teams seldom are in a position to exhibit their greatest strength 
when in the United States. It is not always possible for all of 
their best men to leave their homes and business for the length 
of time required for a trip to the hockey playing cities here. 
Many of the visitipg contestants come down largely bent on sight- 
seeing, and it is natural that men would not be in their best play- 
ing trim under such circumstances. 

Then, too, the artificial ice of the American rinks is more 
difficult to play on than the natural ice to which Canadians are 
accustomed. It takes them some little time to adapt themselves 
to the former, and the atmosphere in the artificial ice rinks in the 
United States is more trying to a player unaccustomed to it. In 
fact, the general climatic conditions here, differing from those of 
Canada, tend to place visitors at a certain degree of disadvantage. 

The increase in the patronage of hockey in the United States 
is of course gratifying to every team and all players. The excit- 
ing and varied features of the pastime are undoubtedly the cause 
of its attraction. The American public has an inherent fondness 
for scenes in which dash and action predominate, and surely a 
well-played hockey match reveals all the movement one could 
reasonably desire. 

In New York hockey is a prime favorite, although there are 
many other amusements to divert public attention. Each team 
in the American Amateur League and in the college league has 
its own following, and consequently these enthusiastic partisans 
turn out in large numbers to cheer their favorites in the champion- 


Spalding's athletic library. 89 

ship races. When the teams are well matched the crowds, of 
course, are largest. 

The spectators at the games in the United States, it is agreed- 
by people that have witnessed matches in both Canada and here, 
are inclined to be less charitable toward the players than are 
the Canadian audiences. Down here a man is criticised harshly 
oftentimes for happenings that across the border would not call 
forth even passing comment. When a man is ruled off the ice 
by the referee in American cities, the onlookers invariably con- 
sider that player to have done something deserving of con- 
demnation. Hockey is such a fast game — one of the fastest in 
existence— that a player Cannot help infringing on the rules at 
times. There are many ways for a man to commit accidental 
offenses against the regulations of hockey, and the spectators will 
do well to remember this. 

Even if a player is ruled off many times in a match he may 
not be deserving of a "roast." If the onlooker were to be placed 
in the position of a player he would find that with the very best 
of intentions he would be unable to keep from committing a 
breach of the rules. In hockey, as in other spirited pastimes, a 
man will occasionally be intentionally unfair. But he is easily to 
be distinguished from those who accidentally offend. Therefore 
it is evident that spectators should endeavor to discriminate, and 
to be judicious and temperate in forming their opinions. 

In Canada the fact that a man is put out of a game temporarily 
does not prejudice public opinion against him in the least. 

One of the rules not enforced strictly enough in the United 
States is the off-side rule. 

The off-side rule is the foundation of hockey playing. The 
game is dependent on it to a great extent. There is more linger- 
ing off-side without penalty in the United States than in the 
Dominion. The referees here show a tendency to be more lenient 
and as a result the game, when such a situation exists, does not 
conform to the strict interpretation of the rules. When linger- 
ing off-side is carried to an extreme the game is harmed consid- 
erably and too much care cannot be taken to render a contest 
free from it. 


To become a successful hockey player a man must make up 
his mind to work long and hard in preparing himself. The game 
is not child's play by any means. Some men readily adapt them- 
selves to practically every phase of the game, while others play 
for years v/:thout mastering some of its branches. It cannot be 
said that hockey players are born and not made, neither can it 
be truthfully stated that any man can become an expert by long 
and arduous practice, for he may not follow the right methods 
in his work. 

A man's value to his team depends naturally on several things, 
rather than on any one particular element, yet it is evident that 
he is performing a most valuable service when he subserves his 
own interests to those of the team as a whole. In other words, 
the seven is best aided by players who develop effective team 
work, and not by those who seek individual glory above every- 
thing else. 

When a man gets the idea that he is the bright particular star 
of the game and that he must show every one how really great 
he is, he shows that lie has a mistaken idea regarding his duty 
to his team. A seven should be nothing more or less than a 
machine, each member of which is a wheel in the mechanism. 
There is nothing more damaging to a team than grandstand play- 
ers. We have all seen them. They consider a game of no ac- 
count unless they have had chances to win rounds of applause, 
no matter how the game may have suffered by the exploits in 

Team work is difficult to define, simply because it consists of 
so many different elements, and because its effect is shown in 
so many different ways. 

Team work in hockey is much like team work in foot ball or 
base ball, for in every one of these games when team work is 
developed the players support each other whenever necessary and 

The positions of goal keeper and of cover point are said by 
players to be the most difficult to fill acceptably. Steady, re- 
liable and quick men are usually chosen to mind the goal. Their 

Spalding's athletic library. 93 

steadiness serves them well when strong attacks are made on the 
goal and quickness is necessary in stopping the puck in its flight 
toward the space between the flags. 

The cover point should use considerable discretion in playing 
his position, and he should be well awace of the characteristics 
of his individual opponents so that he can vary his style of play 
to suit conditions. 

Tlie point and cover point often work in combination, and thus 
save themselves much hard checking. Checking of a violent 
description takes more strength and energy out of a man than 
does the actual skating back and forth. 

A capable cover point usually plays half an offensive game, 
and half a defensi-ve, according to conditions. It is difficult to 
apply hard and fast rules to the playing of the position. 

He has many opportunities to rest, and therefore he does not 
have so trying a time as do some of his fellow players, although 
his responsibility in emergencies may be greater. He bears the 
brunt of many attacks and often holds the key to critical situations. 
He has splendid opportunities to display whatever ability he may 

While the cover point is seen to participate in both defensive 
and offensive tactics, the point is judged by hockey critics to 
be primarily a defense man. At times he governs his position 
according to the location of the cover point, and again he sup- 
ports the goal keeper. 

The forwards combine offensive work with defensive tactics, 
the former predominating. While attacking they resist attack. 
Two of the forwards cover the wing positions (right and left), 
and the remaining two are the centers, one being rover. Good 
physical condition is considered of the utmost importance for 
forwards, because of the rapid work that frequently falls to their 

Every player on a team, in fact, finds good condition a decided 
help. Each man also increases his ability by holding strength 
in reserve. Men who start in a game with tremendous activity 
find that before the match ends their utility is considerably im- 


paired. If a player is careful he can husband his strength so that 
even at the finish of a warmly fought contest he will not be badly 
exhausted. Games sometimes are seen in which a seven is greatly 
helped in winning simply by the habit of saving energy, thus per- 
mitting a strong finish. 

Players that are over-anxious are sometimes as much of a 
hindrance to a team as men who exhaust their strength and 
wind early in a match. Over-anxiety often leads to mistakes 
that materially affect the score. Over-confidence is another feel- 
ing that players and teams have suffered from. Like over-anxiety 
it sometimes causes a team to lose a match they might otherwise 
have won. 



The great game of hockey has made such rapid strides in the 
United States in the last few years that it has now become looked 
on as one of our national pastimes. Like all other games, hockey 
has made its most beneficial advances while under regularly or- 
ganized direction. The game is primarily one for amateurs, al- 
though in some parts of the country professionalism of a more 
or less marked degree has taken root from time to time. The 
game as conducted by the American Amateur Hockey League 
is pleasingly free from evidences of professionalism, and this 
organization it is that is responsible for the healthful growth of 
hockey, particularly in the eastern part of the United States. 

The American Amateur Hockey League was formed in 1896, 
and many of the men who aided in its inception had won repute 
as patrons of the sport during several years preceding that 

The clubs originally forming the Hockey League were the New 
York Athletic Club, Crescent Athletic Club of Brooklyn, the St. 
Nicholas Skating Club of New York, and the Brooklyn Skating 
Club. Bartow S. Weeks was elected the first president and Carroll 
Post was made vice-president. 

During the season of 1896-97 the New York Athletic Club seven 
displayed the best form and won the championship. 

During the season of 1897-98 the Hockey Club was admitted, 
as also was the Montclair Hockey Club. In 1897-98 the New York 
A. C. team again won the championship. 

Throughout the next season, 1898-99, the Crescent Athletic Club 
remained in the league, but its team did not participate in the 
matches. The Brooklyn Skating Club captured the championship 
with the creditable total of eight wins and no defeats. 



During the next season, that of 1899-igoo, the Crescent Athletic 
Club re-entered the game with redoubled energy, and won the 
championship of the league. Montclair had no team entered in 
the game, but nevertheless retained its membership, as the Cres- 
cents had done during the season before. In place of the Mont- 
clair seven, the team of the New York Naval Reserves was ad- 

The Naval Reserves retired in the following season, that of 
1900-01. The Quaker City team of Philadelphia was admitted 
to the league. The home games of that club were played in the 
Ice Palace rink. The Quakers remained in the league one year, 
finishing last. During this season the Crescents again captured 
the championship by winning eight games and losing two. The 
seven of the New York A. C. finished second. 

In the next two seasons, that of 1901-02 and that of 1902-03, 
the Crescents were also victorious. No new teams were admitted 
during these two seasons, nor were any dropped. 

Dissatisfaction arose among hockey players of the New York 
Athletic Club and in the season of 1903-04 certain players of the 
Mercury Foot organization transferred their allegiance to the St. 
Nicholas Skating Club. It happened that some of the directors 
of the St. Nicholas Skating Club were also prominent officials 
in the New York Athletic. Club and consequently they objected 
to the presence of the New York Athletic Club men on the St, 
Nicholas team. Consequently they, these men from the New York 
Athletic Club and various members of the St. Nicholas Club, 
cut loose from the last-named organization and formed a new 
hockey club. To this hockey club was given the name Wan- 

Through the action of the men who became the Wanderers the 
St. Nicholas Skating Club lost men on whom it placed much 
dependence and consequently the club went without a team dur- 
ing this season. Throughout the season, however, the St. Nicholas 
Club retained its membership in the league. The Wanderers 
played strongly during the season and won the championship. 



The St. Nicholas Hockey Ckib was formed this season to take 
the place of the Wanderers. 

Before the American Amateur Hockey League was formed 
the game was played by many able skate manipulators on 
McCIane's Pond, about a mile above Van Cortlandt Park. Many 
games were played there in the early go's. The Montclair team 
came over from New Jersey to play, and a team from Baltimore 
frequently journeyed there. The New York Hockey Club, the 
St. Nicholas Skating Club, and the Metropolitans were prom- 
inent New York organizations. Later the New York Athletic 
Club adopted the entire New York Hockey Club team and 
started a hockey seven for the purpose of playing the St. 
Nicholas team. The Metropolitans and the New York Hockey 
Club afterwards amalgamated and became the Hockey Club of 
New York. 

The New York Athletic Club and the St. .Nicholas Club had 
their headquarters at the St. Nicholas Rink. The Montclair 
team and the Hockey Club of New York then entered at the 
Ice Palace in 107th street. Now all the games of the Amateur 
League are played in the St. Nicholas (New York) and the 
Clermont (Brooklyn) rinks. 

Howard Drakely of the Crescent A. C. continues as President 
of the Amateur Hockey League. 

The Amateur Hockey League season of 1905-06 opened with 
a widespread display of interest and with many new candidates 
for places on the various teams. Prior to the initial games 
announcements found credence to the effect that the Brooklyn 
Skating Club, because of its poor showing in the season of 
1904-05 (failing to win a single contest) , would not enter a team. 
However, these rumors proved groundless, and the Brooklyns 
were ready at the "sounding of the gong." The make-up of the 
league showed five new teams, as heretofore, to be competing. 
The once champion Wanderers were replaced by a new 
organization, the St. Nicholas Hockey Club. The other four 
sevens were those of the Hockey Club of New York, the New 
York Athletic Club, the Brooklyn Skating Club, and last, but far 

WRONG WAY TO HANDLE STICK— Using one hand instead of two. 


from least, the Crescent x\thletic Club of Brooklyn, the champions 
of the league. 

Team of the Crescent A. C. 

The champion Crescent team has, among others, the following 
prominent players. 

Hallock, goal ; O'Flynn and McKenzie, points ; Wall and Nich- 
ols, cover points ; Sherriff, O'Rourke, Liffiton, Kennedy, Shiebler, 
and Dobby, forwards. 

The Crescents recently defeated, in Montreal, the crack Mon- 
treal seven; score, 2 to i. Kennedy was twice injured. 

Team of the Hockey Club of New York. 
Included in the training squad of the Hockey Club of New 
York are "Billy" Russell, "Benny" Phillips, L. B. Huntington, 
Hazleton L. Forest, Louis S. de Casanova, H. M. Douglas, Bryan, 
C. R. Skinner, formerly a forward on the Quaker City Hockey 
Club team of Philadelphia ; the Regensburger brothers, and Shan- 
non and Spielman. 

Team of the Nezv York A. C. 

The New York Athletic Club contingent are : 

Captain Hunt, Wallace Ste-Aart, Hugh Bullen, Oscar Cooligan, 
Peabody, White Reilly, Arthur Williamson, Lock, McArthur, 
Robert G. Castleman, Dillaburg. Harry Connolly, Robert Strange, 
Bert White and ''Eagle Eye" Jim Fenwick. 

Team of the St. Nicholas Hockey Club. 

The new St. Nicholas Hockey Club has a strong aggregation, 
including several men who contributed to the success of the 

Kenneth Gordon is captain and other players are H. B. Souther, 
Hardy, Bernuth, Hayward, Carruthers and Bobby Leake. Leake 
was formerly captain of the Princeton University hockey team. 

Brooklyn Skating Club. 
The Brooklyn Skating Club had a stormy existence during the 
opening weeks of the season, and then withdrew its team from 


the League. The team was an improvement over that of a year 
ago, but even so, impartial critics agreed that it had no chance 
for a position among the leaders at the close. 

Among the men connected with the Brooklyn team were: Tom 
Howard, the famous Canadian coverpoint, who formerly played 
on the champion Wanderers; Edward Jennison, the manager; 
Alcock, Kiernan, Ritchie, Gaul, Henderson, Smith, Johnson, etc. 
Internal dissensions, and trouble with the Amateur Hockey 
League authorities, were ascribed as causes of the club's disruption. 

The season of 1904-05 in the Amateur Hockey League was one 
of engrossing interest from start to finish, and in addition, it 
was the most successful from a financial viewpoint, ever known 
in the history of the league. It soon became evident that public 
interest in the game was largely increasing, and this fact was 
sufficient to encourage the hard-working club officials and players. 

At the opening of the season, and prior to the inaugural games, 
the Wanderers, champions of the year previous, were looked on 
as the probable winners of the campaign. As the Wanderers had 
their strong aggregation of 1903-04 practically intact, general 
opinion was to the effect that the Wanderers and the Crescent 
Athletic Club (second the year before) would settle the ques- 
tion of supremacy between themselves, leaving third, fourth and 
fifth places to be distributed among the teams of the New York 
A. C, the Hockey Club of New York and the Brooklyn Skating 
Club. But the prophets were far from right. Although the 
Wanderers opened, the fray successfully, by defeating the New 
York A. C. 3 to I in the opening game of the season, Decem- 
ber 20, they were greatly shocked and received a severe setback 
two weeks later, when the Hockey Club of New York dealt them 
a crushing defeat (January 3), the score being 7 to 3. Greatly 
elated at their victory, the Hockey Club of New York gathered 
increased energy and won four of the remaining seven games, 
thereby gaining second place in the race at the close. The Cres- 
cents won first place after an unbroken series of victories, win- 
ning all of their eight games, and, of course, equaling the best 
records of the league. The excitement prevailing at some of the 

io6 Spalding's athletic library. 

matches may well be imagined when it is remembered that the 
Crescents won three of their games by margins of but one goal. 
Throughout the season the Crescents scored a total of 46 goals. 

The Wanderers failed absolutely to show the form expected 
of them. Their play lacked much of the effect noticeable in the 
year previous. They lost to the Crescents both their scheduled 
matches, as follows : January 27, Crescent A. C, 2, Wander- - 
ers, I ; February 28, Crescent A. C, 6, Wanderers, 2, They also 
lost their two contests with the Hockey Club of New York, but 
they won the two matches with the New York A. C. and the 
two with the Brooklyn Skating Club. 

The New York A. C. made a brilliant showing against the 
Crescent A, C, although losing both games. In each case an 
extra period was made necessary to decide the contest, and only 
one goal separated the winners and losers at the two finishes. 

The team of the Brooklyn Skating Club was hopelessly out- 
classed from start to finish. The club lost several good players 
at the opening of the season. The Brooklynites failed to win 
even a single game, and had the enormous total of 94 goals 
scored against them. The team tallied but 19 goals throughout 
the entire season, averaging but a fraction over two goals to a 

The make-up of the teams last season was as follows : 
Crescent Athletic Club — Goal, Raymond or McKenzie; point, 

O'Flynn ; cover point. Wall ; forwards, Shiebler, Sheriff, 

Kennedy, Liffiton ; substitute cover point, C. Smith. 
' Hockey Club of Nezv York — Goal, Ellison ; point. Dr. McKenzie ; 

cover point, C. de Casanova ; forwards, Rupert Howard 

(captain), Ben Phillips, Russell, Bryan. 
Extra men were Dr. Shannon, Huntington, Newberry and 

The Wanderers. — Goal, Hayward ; point, Carruthers ; cover 

point, T. A. Howard; forwards, Max Hornfeck (captain). 

Hardy, Gordon. Clark. 

Extra men were Souther, Callaghan, Dufresne and A. C 



The New York Athletic Club — Goal, Williams; point, Hunt; 

cover point, Fenwick ; forwards, Hoblitz, Coolican, Bullen, 

H. White. 

Extra men were C. White, Stewart and Henderson. 
The Brooklyn Skating Club — Goal, Kellum ; point, Shailer ; cover 

point, Holton; forwards. Burns, Brown, W. Blake, A. Blake. 


The results in the full league series are shown in the accom- 
panying table : 


Dec. 20 — Wanderers 3, New York A.C i 

Dec. 21 — Crescent A.C 12, Brooklyn S.C i 

Jan. 3 — Hockey Club of N.Y.. 7, Wanderers 3 

Jan. 6 — New York A.C 6, Brooklyn S.C . 4 

Jan. 10 — Crescent A.C 10, Hockey Club of N.Y. .. . 6 

Jan. 12 — Wanderers 9, Brooklyn S.C i 

Jan. 17— Hockey Club of N.Y. . 17, Brooklyn S.C o 

Jan. 19 — Crescent A.C 2, New York A.C i 

Jan. 25 — Hockey Club of N.Y. . 6, New York A.C 4 

Jan. 27 — Crescent A.C 2, Wanderers i 


Feb. 2 — Wanderers 6, New York A.C i 

Feb. 3 — Crescent A.C 9, Brooklyn S.C 3 

Feb. 7 — Hockey Club of N.Y.. 5. Wanderers 3 

Feb. ID— New York A.C 13, Brooklyn S.C o 

Feb. 16— Crescent A.C 3, Hockey Club of N.Y.. . . o 

Feb. 20— Wanderers 18, Brooklyn S.C 3 

Feb. 21— Crescent A.C. 2, New York A.C i 

Feb. 24— Hockey Club of N.Y. . 10, Brooklyn S.C 4 

Feb. 28— Crescent A.C 6, Wanderers 2 

Mar. 3— New York A.C 6, Hockey Club of N.Y. ... 5 

io8 Spalding's athletic library. 

FOR SEASON OF 1904-05. 
The standings of the various clubs of the league at the close of 
last season, the games won and lost and the resultant percent- 
ages, were as follows : 

Games. Won. Lost. P.C. 

Crescent A.C 880 

Hockey Club of N.Y 853 .625 

Wanderers 8 4 4 .500 

New York A.C 83 5 .375 

Brooklyn S.C 808 .000 

The table of championship teams since the founding of the 
Amateur Hockey League is shown by the attached schedule : 

1896-97— New York Athletic Club. 

1897-98— New York Athletic Club. 

1898-99 — Brooklyn Skating Club. 

1899- 1900 — Crescent Athletic Club. 

1900-01— Crescent Athletic Club. 

1901-02 — Crescent Athletic Club. 

1902-03 — Crescent Athletic Club. 

1903-04 — Wanderers Hockey Club. 

1904-05 — Crescent Athletic Cluk 



The Intercollegiate Hockey League had one of the most excit- 
ing series of contests in its history last season, and the Har- 
vard University seven again fulfilled expectations by capturing 
the championship title once more in impressive fashion. Har- 
vard's superiority in hockey is explained in a measure by the 
splendid facilities offered its players for ice exercise, and in 
addition, the university draws many students from Boston and 
vicinity, where skating and hockey have long had almost unlim- 
ited vogue. The players are coached and trained in the most 
effective manner at the university. The new rink in the Stadium 
is now complete and practice games are held there whenever there 
is ice. Harvard has now won the intercollegiate championship 
three times. 

Yale University's team put up a hard fight for first honors last 
season, but Harvard proved the more effective in almost all 
departments of the game, and the best the New Haven contingent 
could do was to finish in second place. Princeton finished in the 
third position. 

As was the case last season, the Intercollegiate League for 
1905-06 is made up of five teams, and the colleges represented are 
the same — Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Columbia and Brown. Both 
Yale and Harvard were fortunate this year to have large squads 
of candidates from which to pick a team. Harvard was helped 
considerably by the return to college of Captain D. A. Newhall, 
of last year's team, and also of E. Wilder, R. S. Townsend and 
C. C. Pell. W. MacLeod and M. H. Ivy, both of whom played 
on the team two years ago, are in the law school and are eligible. 
There is also good available material from last year's strong 
second and freshman teams. A. Winsor, '02, is coach of the 
team. In addition to the usual class and league games, it is 
planned to institute this year a scrub series at Harvard. 

^^0 Spalding's athletic library. 

Yale called the hockey candidates together and started prac- 
tice earlier than in years past. Seven of last year's team are 
eligible, but there is need of heavy men. Yale has lost to Har- 
vard in this sport for the past three years, and, it is believed, 
largely on account of the dififerences in weight of the two sevens. 
For this reason men of weight and strength were especially urged 
to come out. 

Those of last year's Yale team who returned are: Captain 
A. R. Flinn, W. E. Marcees, Jr., J. B. Cornell. K. H. Behr, F. W 
Lang, P. R. Slinson, R. B. Shepard. 

Princeton, which secured third place in the league last season, 
has only fair prospects for a seven. Of last year's team. Captain 
R. H. Leake and A. F. King have graduated, and F. R. Holland 
and F. M. Winter did not return to college. Of last season's 
team and substitutes, the following men are in college : Captain 
A. J. Zahniser, cover point ; E. L. Rafferty, point ; J. R. Chislett, 
goal; P. F. Chew, forward; C. C. Levis, forward; G. A. Walker! 
forward ; R. D. Osborne, forward ; F. Leage, forward ; R. Stock- 
ton, cover point. It is very unlikely that the Carnegie Lake 
will be completed in time to afford skating this winter, and the 
team has been obliged to practice on Stony Brook, as in former 

All the games in the intercollegiate schedule are played as 
usual in the St. Nicholas rink, in New York. The schedule con- 
sists of ten games. 

The opening game occurred January 6 between Princeton and 
Columbia. Columbia won; score, 4 to 2. The Columbia team 
was as follows : Eaton, goal ; Harrington, cover point ; Jackson, 
point; Armstrong, forward; Knight, forward; Miller, forward;' 
Brady, forward. 

Princeton's line-up— Chislett, goal; Tenney, point; Zahniser, 
cover point; Chew, forward; Osborne, forward; Levis, forward;' 
Dillon, forward. 

The Columbias had a bit the better of it on both individual 
and team scores, and their victory was in consequence deserved, 
though toward the close Princeton pressed them very hard and 
appeared to have a fair chance of gaining a tie, but the clever 


work at goal of Eastoii, who four times in succession stopped 
well-aimed shots at goal, prevented, and the, game ended with 
the score 4 to 2 in Columbia's favor. 

The first half was better played than the second. In the first 
period Miller scored a goal from scrimmage after six minutes' 
play, and although both teams had excellent opportunities, neither 
was able to place the puck within the net. In the second half 
Columbia started off with a rush. In three minutes Armstrong 
shot a goal from scrimmage, and a minute later Knight took 
the puck the length of the rink and cleverly placed it within the 
goal. Three minutes after this Knight again shot a pretty goal 
from scrimmage, after taking the: puck down the ice on two occa- 
sions only to lose well-directed shots by the good work of Chis- 
holm at goal. 

With the score 4 to o against them the Princetonians seemed 
suddenly to awaken. They displayed more speed and accuracy 
and greater skill in passing and following the puck, with the 
result that they pressed Columbia very hard for a score. Four 
times shots were narrowly missed and twice stopped when a goal 
seemed assured. Finally, Chew placed the puck directly through 
Easton's guard and won the Tigers.' first score. Three minutes 
elapsed when Zahniser placed a second shot in the net, but their 
several well-directed efforts went for naught after that, through 
Easton's cleverness. 

Carleton Doderer of the Columbia squad is a most promising 
player. He was a star at Cornell and should strengthen Columbia. 
The intercollegiate schedule was announced as follows : 

Jan. 6 — Princeton vs. Columbia. 

Jan. 10 — Princeton vs. Brown. 

Jan. 13 — Harvard vs. Columbia. 

Jan. 17 — Yale vs. Brown. 

Jan. 20 — Princeton vs. Harvard. 

Jan. 27 — Yale vs. Columbia. 

Feb. 3 — Columbia vs. Brown. 

Feb. 10 — Harvard vs. Brown. 

Feb. 17— Yale vs. Harvard. 

Feb. 24 — Yale vs. Princeton. 

i^ Spalding's athletic library. 


Hockey is essentially a Canadian game and as such holds 
sway during the winter months in almost every city, town and 
village in the Dominion of Canada. Where closed rinks are not 
available, open rinks, creeks, or ponds are used, and the small 
boy, as soon as he can learn to navigate a pair of skates, in- 
variably takes to a hockey stick as a duck takes to the water. 
There are innumerable leagues in Canada, especially in the 
provinces of Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba. The game is also 
played in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, the Territories, and 
British Columbia. In Quebec the two principal leagues are the 
Canadian Amateur Hockey League and the Federal Hockey 
League. Li Ontario, the Ontario Hockey Association- far sur- 
passes all other leagues in point of numbers. There are other 
minor leagues in Ontario composed of from ten to twenty teams 
including town and city leaigues. In Manitoba the Manitoba 
League is the principal one. Nova Scotia has an amateur hockey 
league. There is also an Intercollegiate Hockey League. 

The rules in all the leagues are practically the same, with one 
exception. That is the off-side rule. In the Ontario association, 
with nearly one hundred clubs, a player having last played the 
puck can skate ahead and put a player on side. In the eastern ' 
intercollegiate and western rules the player who wishes to play 
the puck must always have been behind the player of his side 
who last touched the puck. The Ontario rule is a better one 
where the rinks are smaller. 

The chief emblem of hockey in Canada is the Stanley Cup. 
This cup, which is now held by the champion Ottawa team, is a 
challenge trophy, open for competition by the winners of any rec- 
ognized hockey association. 


Ontario Hockey Association Champions 


1891 Ottawa — Queen's University 4 — i 

1892 Ottawa— Osgoode Hall 10 — 4 

1893 Ottawa — Queen's University 6 — 4 

1894 Osgoode Hall — Queen's University 3 — 2 

1895 Queen's University — Trinity University 17 — 3 

1896 Queen's University — Stratford 12 — 3 

1897 Queen's Universitj^ — Toronto University 12 — 7 

1898 Osgoode Hall — Queen's University 7 — 3 

1899 Queen's University — Toronto University 19 — n 

1900 Toronto Wellingtons — Queen's University 6 — 4 

1901 Toronto Wellingtons — Queen's University 7 — 2 

1902 Toronto Wellingtons — Cornwall 12 — 6 

1903 Toronto Wellingtons — Cornwall 6 — 5 

1904 Toronto Marlboros — Perth 28 — 9 

1905 Toronto Marlboros — Smith's Falls 9 — 3 


1897 Berlin — Frontenac 3 — 

*i898 Listowel— Waterloo 4—10 

1899 Frontenac — National 5 — 2 

1900 London — Belleville 3 — i 

1901 St. George's, Toronto — Port Hope 10 — 8 

1902 Peterboro — Gait 7 — 6 

1903 Paris — Marlboros, Toronto 12 — 7 

1904 Stratford — Midland 13 — 1 1 

1905 Victoria Harbor — Berlin 9 — 6 

♦Listowel' won through the disqualification of the Waterloo Clab. 

1893 Kingston Limestones — Gait 12 — i 

1894 Peterboro — Toronto Granites 14 — 

1895 Peterboro — Toronto Granites 7 — 6 

1896 Toronto Granites — Peterboro 7 — 3 

1897 Wellingtons — Gudph Victorias 10 — 8 

1898 U. C. C— Stratford Juniors .8— i 

1899 St George's— U. C. C 7—2 

1900 Stratford — Peterboro 12 — 9 

1901 Peterboro — Stratford 12 — 7 

1902 Upper Canada College — Stratford 1 1 — 10 

1903 Marlboros — Frontenac-Beechgroves ,. 11 — 10 

1904 Frontenac Beechg^oves — Listowel 9 — 5 

1905 Stratford— St. Andrew's College ; 12—10 


Ontario H. A. Rules 

1. The game is played on ice by teams of seven on each side, 
with a puck made of vulcanized rubber, one inch thick all through 
and three inches in diameter. 


2. Hockey sticks shall not be more than three inches wide at 
any part, and not more than thirteen inches long at the blade. 
They shall consist entirely of wood, with tape binding per- 


3. A goal is placed in the middle of each goal line, composed 
of official goal nets supported by two upright posts, four feet in 
height, placed six feet apart, and at least five feet from the end 
of the ice. The goal posts shall be firmly fixed. In the event of 
a goal post or net being displaced or broken, the referee shall 
blow his whistle, and the game shall not proceed until the post 
or net is replaced. It shall be the duty of the referee before each 
match to measure the goals. 


4. Each side shall have a captain (a member of his team), who, 
before the match, shall toss for choice of goals. 

5. Each side shall play an equal time from each end, a ten 
minutes' rest being allowed at half time. The duration of cham- 
pionship matches shall be one hour, exclusive of stoppages. The 
team scoring the greater number of goals in that time shall be de- 
clared the winner of the match, subject to the qualifications con- 
tained in Rules of Competition, No. 15. If at the end of that 
time the game is a draw, ends shall be changed and the match 
continued for ten minutes, each side playing five minutes from 
each end with a rest of five minutes between such five minute 
ends, and if neither side has then scored a majority of goals, 
similar periods of ten minutes shall be played in the same way 
until one side shall have scored a majority of goals. 









ll^^k M^ *WM 


r^ »^B 





W c: iHj 




1, Darcy Regan; 2, Con. Corbeau; 3, Guss Goodwin; 4, Geo. Goode; 5, Harry Cor- 
beau; 6, Ed Drolett; 7, Ed Switzer, Capt. 

Intermediate Champions O. H. A., 1905. 



6. Two time-keepers shall be appointed, one by each captain, 
before the commencement of the match, whose duty it shall be 
to keep an accurate account of the time of each game, deducting 
time for stoppages in the actual play. They shall immediately 
report to the referee any variance in their time, and the matter 
shall be at once decided by him. The referee also shall appoint 
a time-keeper, who shall keep the time of penalized players, and 
shall direct them to enter the game. The time-keepers shall be 
under the control of the referee. A gong shall be kept for their 


7. There shall be only one referee for a match, and in no case 
shall he belong to either of the competing clubs, and he may be 
an amateur or a professional. He is to enforce the rules ; ad- 
judicate upon disputes or cases unprovided for by rule; appoint 
or remove goal umpires; control the time-keepers; keep the 
score, announcing each goal as scored ; and at the conclusion of 
the match declare the result. The puck shall be considered in 
play until the referee stops the game, which he may do at any 
time, and which he must do at once when any irregularity of 
play occurs, by sounding a whistle. His decision shall be final. 


8. A goal shall be scored when the puck shall have passed be- 
tween the goal posts from in front and below the tops of the 


9. There shall be one umpire at each goal ; they shall inform 
the referee when the puck has been put into the goal from the 


10. The game shall be started and renewed by the referee 
blowing his whistle or calling "Play" after dropping the puck in 
the centre of the ice between the sticks of two players, one from 


Q S 





each team, who are to face it. After a goal has hceii scored the 
puck shall be faced in like manner in the centre of the ice. 


11. A player shall always be on his side of the puck. A player 
is off-side when he is in front of the puck, or when the puck 
has been hit, touched or is being run with, by any of his own 
side behind him (i. e., between himself and the end of the rink 
near which his goal is placed). 

A player being off-side is put on-side when the puck has been 
hit by, or has touched the dress or person of any player of the 
opposite side, or when one of his own side has run in front of 
him, either with the puck or having played it when behind him. 

If a player when off-side plays the puck, or annoys or obstructs 
an opponent, the puck shall be faced where it was last played 
before the off-side play occurred. A player on the defending side 
shall not be off-side when he takes a pass from or plays the 
puck as it bounds off his goal-keeper within a space of three 
feet out from goal and extending to the side of the rink. 


12. The puck may be stopped with the hand but not carried or 
held or knocked on by any part of the body. 


13. No player shall raise his stick above his shoulder. Charging 
from behind, tripping, collaring, kicking, cross-checking, or push- 
ing shall not be allowed. And the referee must rule off the ice, 
for any time in his discretion, a player who, in the opinion of 
the referee, has deliberately offended against the above rule. If 
a player makes any unfair or rough play, or disputes any de- 
cision of the referee or uses any foul or abusive language, the 
referee may rule him off for the remainder of the game or for 
such time as he may deem expedient, and no substitute shall be 



14. When the puck goes off the ice behind the goal line it shall 
be brought out by the referee to a point five yards in front of 
the goal line, on a line at right angles thereto, from the point 
at which it left the ice, and there faced. 

When the puck goes off the ice at the side, it shall be simi- 
larly faced three yards from the side. 


[5. The goal-keeper must not during play, lie, sit or kneel upon 
the ice ; he may stop the puck with his hands, but shall not 
throw or hold it. ' He may wear pads, but must not wear a 
garment such as wcjuld give him undue assistance in keeping goal. 
The referee must I'ule off the ice, for any time in his discretion, 
a player, who, iii th^ opinion of the referee, has offended against 
this rule. 


16. No change of players shall be made after a match has 
commenced. Should any player be injured during a match, break 
his skate, or from any other accident be compelled to leave the 
ice, the opposite side shall immediately drop a man to equalize 
the teams and the match proceed, without such players until 
such time as the player so compelled to leave the ice is ready to 
return. In event of any dispute, the matter shall at once be 
decided by the referee. 


17. Should any match be stopped by the referee by reason of 
any infringement of any cf the rules or because of an accident 
or change of players, the puck shall be faced again at the spot 
where it was last played before such infringement, accident or 
change of players shall have occurred. 

Grand Prize— Paris, 1900 


In competition with the world's makers of Athletic Goods, 

G. SPALDING & BROS, were awarded a Grand Prize 

for the finest and most complete line of Athletic Goods. 


Spalding Official Hockey Pucks 

The Spalding Official Trade-Mark Puck has been 
adopted as the official puck of "The Canadian Ama- 
teur Hockey League," composed of the following 
world-famed teams : Montreal, Shamrock, Quebec, 
Victoria and Westmount. 

No. 13. "Official" Hockey Puck, 50c. 

The Spalding "Practice" Puck is regulation size and 

really better than the so-called official pucks turned 

out by other manufacturers. 

No. 15. Spalding "Practice" Puck, 25c. 


Sec. 13. The Spalding Hockey Puck, the oMcial 
puck of the League, must he used in all match games. 


New York Chicago Wasliington Syracuse Philadelphia 

Boston Minneapolis Kansas City San Francisco Cincinnati 

Buffalo St. Louis Pittsburg New Orleans Baltimore 

Denver Montreal, Can. London, England Hamburg, Germany 

\ SPECIAL xwrnr^" grand prize 

were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 

Purchase Exposition. 1904, for the best, most complete 

and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus, 

Base Ball and Athletic Supplies shown at the World's Fair 


Long Blade Forward Regular Forward Goal and Defence 

Grand Prize— Paris, 1900 


In competition with the world's makers of Athletic Goods, ^ 

A. G. SPALDING & BROS, were awarded a Grand Prize Q^ 
for the finest and most complete line of Athletic Goods 



Made of the finest selected Canadian rock elm, and 
exclusively used and endorsed by the Ottawa team, 
of Ottawa, champions of the world and holders of 
the Stanley Cup ; by the Victoria team, of Winnipeg, 
and the Shamrock team, of Montreal, former cham- 
pions, in addition to the famous Rat Portage team 
and many other well-known teams. These sticks 
will not fray at the bottom where they come in 
contact with the ice and will retain their shape under 
all conditions. The very important matter of weight 
and balance has been carefully considered, and the 
Spalding Sticks are much lighter, yet stronger than 
any others on the market. 
No. O. 
Championship Stick, Regular Forward Model. 
Each, 6oc. 
No. O. 
Championship Stick, Long Blade Forward Model. 
Each, 6oc. 
No. O. 
Championship Stick, Goal and Defence Model. 
Each, 6oc. 
No. OK. 
Championship Stick, Knife Blade Forward Model. 
Each, 6oc. 

A. C. 


Washington Syracuse Philadelphi 

New York Chicago 

Boston Minneapolis Kansas City San Francisco Cincinnati 

Buffalo St. Louis Pittsburg New Orleans Baltimore 

Denver Montreal, Can. London, England Hamburg, German 

Grand Prize^Paris, 1 900 


In competition with the world's makers of Athletic Goods, 
A. G. SPALDING & BROS, were awarded a Grand Prize 
for the finest and most complete line of Athletic Goods, 



These sticks are made of the finest selected 
Canadian rock elm, only the most perfect being 
selected at our factory to be finished, stained 
and polished. No detail of manufacture has 
been neglected in making them up. and we 
recommend them without reserve as the most 
perfect sticks on the market. 

No. 2-0. Spalding Shamrock Stick, fur- 
nished in either Regular Forward, Long 
Blade Forward, Goal and Defence or Knife 
Blade models Each, 75c. 

Adopted in order to provide goal keepers and 
defence players with a stick that is up to the 
full limit of size allowed under the rules. This 
is done by adding to the regular defence stick 
a strip of elm, attached firmly and in such a 
way as to make the stock 50 per cent, more 
effective to a goal keeper or defence player 
than the ordinary style. Body of stick is made 
of the finest selected Canadian rock elm. 

No. B. Spalding's "Built Up" Goal and De- 
fence Stick Each, 75c 


Now York Chicago Washington Syracuse Pitts! 

St. Louis Boston Buffalo Kansas City Deiivt 

Philadelphia Minneapolis San Francisco 

Cincinnati Baltimore New Orleans 

Montreal, Can. London, Enfelam 

Hamburg, Germany 



were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 

Purchase Exposition, 1904, for the best, most complete 

and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus, 

Base Ball and Athletic Supplies shown at the World's Fair, 


Spalding's * 'Regulation" Hockey Sticks 

Made on the lines of onr best grade Regular For- 

il ward Stick and of selected and well-seasoned timber. 

Very popular as an all-around stick. 

No. I. Spalding's "Regulation" Hockey Stick. 

Each, 50c. 

Spalding's "Wigwam" Hockey Sticks 

Indian hand-made stick. Made of yellow birch and 
noted particularly for rigidity and lightness,. The 
product of a tribe of Indians in Canada, who. for 
years past have •been turning out sticks that have 
become famous there. Made only in regular model. 
No. W. Spalding "Wigwam" Indian-made Hockey 
Stick. Each. see. 

Spalding's " Practice " Hockey Sticks 

Regulation size and made of good quality timber. A 

very serviceable stick. 

No. 2. Spalding's "Practice" Hockey Stick. 

Each, 25c. 

Spalding's "Youths'" Hockey St^icks 

Smaller than Regulation and painted red. A very 

strong and serviceable stick for boys. 

No. 3. Spalding's "Youth's" Hockey Stick. 

Each, 25c. 


New l^'ork Chicago Wasliington Syracuse Pittsburg 

St. Louis Boston Buffalo Kansas City Deuver 

Philadelphia Minneapolis San Francisco 

Cincinnati Baltimore New Orleans 

Montreal, Can. London, England 

Hamburg, Germany 

Grand Prize— Paris, 1 900 


In competition with the world's makers of Athletic Goods, 
A. G. SPALDING & BROS, were awarded a Grand Prize 
for the finest and most comclete line of Athletic Goods. 


Regulat^ion Ice Hockey Goals 

The importance of having goals that are substan- 
tially made and which conform exactly to the rules 
cannot be disregarded. Those that we furnish are 
duplicates of those used in the best rinks in Canada. 

Per pair, $20.00. 

Spalding Hockey Gloves 

No. K. The only really perfect hockey glove ever 
made, giving ample protection to all bones and 
joints in the player's hand, at the same time being 
extremely light and comfortable to wear. Made 
of brown leather with horsehide ventilated palm. 

Per pair, $3.00. 

New York Chit-ago Washington Syraciise Philadelphia 

Boston Minneapolis Kansas City San Francisco Cincinnati 

Buffalo St. Louis Pittsburg New Orleans Baltimore 

Denver Montreal Can. Loudon England Hamburg, Germany 

1 SPECIAL AWJU!».'!° mm PeiZE 

were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 

Purchase Exposition. 1904, for the best, most complete •• : 

and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus ^^— ST 

"— —- -'iT]) 

Base Ball and Athletic Supplies shown at the World's Fair. 

No. 30 


No. 30. Made of heavy sole leather, corru- 
gated and molded to shape, but flexible so 
that they will conform to any size leg. The 
new method of attaching the light but 
strong straps permits the guards to be bound 
tightly to leg and prevents them from get- 
ting loose or shifting. A very light guard, 
but gives absolute protection to the shins. 

Per pair, $1.75 

No. 60. Made with covering of black leather 
backed up with real rattan reeds and felt 
padding. Leather straps and binding. Light 
in weight and well made Per pair, $1.50 

No. F. Canvas shin guards, 10 inches long, 
equipped with ankle protectors. 

Per pair. $1.00 

No. 40. Leather shin 

guards, 10 inches long, 

equipped with ankle 


Per pair, $1.75 
No. 8. Canvas. Length 

9 inches, reed and felt 

padding. . Per pair, 35c. 
No. 9. Canvas. Length 

II inches, reed and 

felt padding. 

Per pair, 50c. 
No. II. Cotton mole- 
skin, backed up with 

real rattan and felt 

padding; strongly 

made. . . .Per pair, 50c. 


No. 4. Leather. Per pair, $2.50 
No. 5. Canvas. Per pair, $2.00 

Nos. F, 40 

No. 4 



were won by A. G SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition. 1904. for the best, most complete 
and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus v 
Base Ball and Athletic Supplies shown at the World's Fair 



No. 336 

No. 336. Material is of 
fine quality calfskin, 
made to lace extra low 
at toe and is specially 
reinforced inside over 
ankle, doing away al- 
together with cumber- 
some straps, but at the 
same time giving need- 
ed support where re- 
quired by hockey 
players. This shoe is 
especially suitable for 

Per pair, $5.00 


No. 335. This shoe is 
made after the design 
of a prominent Cana- 
dian hockey player and 
admirably supplies the 
demand for a shoe 
made specially for this 
game, the tongue being 
well padded and the 
ankles reinforced. Ma- 
terial is fine quality, 
calfskin, machine 

Per pair, $4.00 

New York 


Chicago Washington Syracuse Philadelphia 

Minneapolis Kansas City San Francisco Cincinnati 
St. Louis Pittsburg New Orleans Baltimore 

Montreal, Can. London, England Hamburg, Germany 

Grand Prize— Paris, 1900 


In competition with the world's makers of Athletic Goods, 

G. SPALDING & BROS, were awarded a Grand Prize 

for the finest and most complete line of Athletic Goods. 



No. 336. Material is of 
fine quality calfskin, 
made to lace extra low 
at toe and is specially 
reinforced inside over 
ankle, doing away alto- 
gether with cumber- 
some straps, but at the 
same time giving need- 
ed support where re- 
quired by skaters. 
No. 336 Per pair, $5.00 


No. 335. This shoe is 
made after the design 
of a prominent Cana- 
dian hockey player and 
admirably supplies the 
demand for a shoe 
made specially for this 
game, the tongue be- 
ing well padded and 
the ankles reinforced. 
Material is fine quality 
calfskin, machine 
sewed... Per pair $4.00 


New Tork 

A. G. 

St. Louis 

Kansas City 


San Francisco 

New Orleans 




Montreal, Can. London. England Hamburg, Germany 



were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 

Purchase Exposition, 1904, for the best, most complete 

and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus, 

Base B all and Athletic Sup plies shown at the World 's Fair. 



No. 2H. Heavy brown canvas, padded hips and 
knees Per pair, $1.00 

No. iH. Special quality brown canvas, hips and 
knees well padded Per pair, $1.75 

No. 3H. Special quality. Lightest and strongest 
brown canvas manufactured used in these pants. 
Hips and knees properly padded. Thighs have 
cane strips Per pair, $2.00 

No. 5H. Goal Tenders' Pants. Made of Moleskin; 
hips and knees padded with fine curled hair; the 
thighs covered with cane strips. .. .Per pair, $3.00 

No. 5B. Special Pants for Forwards. Made of 
heavy brown canvas, padded lightly on hips and 
very loose fitting Per pair, $1.00 

No. X.H. Pants. Made of heavy white drill, 
padded hips and knees Per pair, 75c. 


New York Chicago Washington Syracuse Philadelphia 

Boston Minneapolis Kansas City San Francisco Cincinnati 

Buffalo St. Louis Pittsburg New v'3rleans Baltimore 

Denver Montreal Can. London, England Hamburg, Germany 


Grand Prize— Paris, 1 900 

.i—-^ In CO 
S>A. G 
(f for t 

In competition with the world's makers of Athletic Goods, 

SPALDING & BROS, were awarded a Grand Prize 

the finest and most complete line of Athletic Goods. 


Spalding Hockey Stockings 

Our "Highest Quality" Stockings are 
superior to anything ever offered for 
athletic wear, and combine all the 
essentials of a perfect stocking. They 
are all wool, have white feet, are 
heavy ribbed, full fashioned, hug the 
leg closely but comfortably, and are 
very durable. The weaving is of an 
exclusive and unusually handsome 

No. 3-0. Plain colors, white feet Per pair, $1.50 

Colors: Black, Navy and Maroon. Other colors to 

order only. Prices on application. 
No. 3OS. Striped white feet, made to order only, 

any color Per pair, $1.75 

Striped Ribbed Stockings 
Best quality, all wool ; stripes 2-inch, alternate. Col- 
ors : Scarlet and Black, Navy and Red, Orange and 
Black, Maroon and White, Royal Blue and White, 
Navy and White. Other colors to order only; prices 

on application. 

No. iRS. Heavy weight, $1.25. No. 2RS. Medium 

weight, $1.00. No. 3RS. Good weight, 75c. 

Striped Cotton Stockings 

No. 4RS. Cotton striped. Same combinations of 

colors as above, but made only with one 4-iiich 

stripe of second color mentioned around calf of 

leg Per pair, 35c. 

Plain Colors 
Heavy weight, all wool.... Per pair, $1.00 
Medium weight, all wool.... Per pair, 80c. 
Good weight, wool legs and cotton feet.6oc. 

Cotton Per pair, 25c. 

Black, Navy, Maroon, Royal Blue and 

No. iR. 
No. 2R. 




Peck S Snyder's Hockey SHiate— Full Clamp 

^"""lllllillllllllllllllil"^^ Illlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll 


The full clamp fastenings for hockey skates introduced by us some 
seasons ago has proven by its great popularity to be the style most 
adapted to the uses of players who do not find it convenient to 
keep a separate pair of shoes particularly for their hockey skates. 
The grades listed below are all made in this style. 

No. 9H. Full clamp fastening. Extra heavy nickel-plated and 
specially polished throughout. Blades of absolutely best quality 
three-ply welded steel, highly tempered, with ribbed flange at 
bottom. Made in both men's and women's models. Each pair 
in box, neatly wrapped. Sizes 9 to 12 inches. Per pair, $5.00 

No. 9HL. Ladies'. Like above, but small heel plate and narrow 
toe plate. Sizes 9 to 11 inches. . . . Per pair, $5.00 

No. 7H. Nickel-plated throughout, 
ners.- Sizes 9 to 12 inches. . 

not polished; ribbed run- 
, Per pair, $4.00 

No. CH. Full clamp fastenings. Highly tempered and hardened 
three-ply welded steel runners. Each pair in paper box. Sizes 
9 to 12 inches. Per pair, $3.00 

No. CHL. Ladies'. Like above, but small heel plate and narrow 
toe plate. Sizes 8 to 11 inches. . . . Per pair, $3. OO 

Peck & Snyder's 
Hockey Skate— Canadian Pattern 

Canadian hockey pattern. Finest quality three ply welded steel 
runners. Carefully hardened and tempered. Each pair in paper 

No 5H. Nickeled and bufifed, ribbed runners. Sizes 9 to ii 1-2 

inches. Per pair, $3.50 

No. 5HL. Ladies'. Nickeled and buffed, ribbed runners, small 

heel plate and narrow toe plate. Sizes 8 to 10 1-2 in. Pair,$3.50 

Peck & Snyder's 
Hockey Skate— Canadian Pattern 


No. 4H. Canadian hockey pattern. Plain runners of welded 
and tempered steel; nickel-plated and buffed throughout. Each 
pair in paper box. Sizes 9 to 11 1-2 inches. Per pair, $2.50 

No. 3H. Canadian hockey pattern. Runners of best cold rolled 
steel. Entire skate full nickel-plated. Each pair in paper box. 
Sizes 9 to II 1-2 inches. . . , ' , , Per pair, $I.OO 

A maa. awiiri>':° crand prize 


were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS„ at the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition, 1904, for the best, most complete (^ r—^ 
andmost attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus, ^~-^ 


Base Ball and Athletic Supplies shown at the World's Fain 


Last season, on the suggestion of some of the most 
prominent speed skaters in this country, we got out a 
special shoe which included their ideas as to what a 
really perfect racing shoe should be. We are making 
this now as our regular No. 337 and we confidently 
believe it will prove to be one of the greatest 
improvements to the speed skater's out ever 

No. 337. Finest quality 
material throughout, 
reinforced inside over 
ankles. Leather very 
soft and easy. 

Per pair, $5.00 

No. 338. We have got- 
ten this out as a rac- 
ing shoe at a moderate 
price, made after the 
design of our higher 
priced shoes, only dif- 
fering in quality of 
material and construc- 
tion. Light in weight, 
well and substantially 
made.. Per pair, $3.00 


New York Chicago Washington Syracuse Philadelphia 

Boston Minneapolis Kansas City San Francisco Cincinnati 

Buffalo St. Louis Pittsburg New Orleans Baltimore 

Denver Montreal, Can. London, England Hamburg, Germany 


Jfeck & Snyder's 
Championship" Hockey Skate 

No. Ai 

No. AI. The same model as used by the leading hockey players 
in Canada and the United States. The blades are of the finest 
quality three-ply razor steel, hand forged and highly tempered. 
Extra heavy electro-nickel-plated and highly polished through- 
out. Each pair in box containing a piece of Selvyt polishing 
cloth for keeping the skates in perfect condition. Made in 
sizes 9 to II 1-2 inches Per pair, $5.00 

No. Al-L. Ladies'. Like above, but small heel plate and nar- 
row toe plate. Sizes 9 to II 1-2 inches. . Per pair, $5.00 

Peck & Snyder's Hockey Skate— Button Heel 


llllllliMiiiiimiiii|iiiiiiiiiiiiii|iiiiiiiiiiiiii ii||i| Illllimilliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiijii i 

No. 6H 

Half clamp fastenings, button heels, highly tempered and hard- 
ened three-ply welded steel runners. Each pair in paper box. 

No. 6H. Nickeled and bufifed, ribbed runners. Sizes 10 to 12 
inches Per pair, $4.00 

No. 6HL. Ladies'. Nickeled and bufifed, ribbed runners, small 
heel plate and narrow toe plate, button heel. Sizes 8 to 10 1-2 
inches Per pair, $4.00 

Peck & Snyder's 
Rink Skate for Fancy Skating— Full Clamp 

;;;;;.. iiliiilillillilllilliliililllS^ «||li;;illliiiiii,i,i,„nil« 

No. i6 

No. 16. Full clamp fastenings; highly tempered and concaved, 
three-ply welded steel ribbed runners. All parts heavily nickel- 
plated and highly polished. Specially designed for fancy skat- 
ing. Sizes 9 to 12 inches. , , Per pair, $5.00 

No. f6L. Ladies'. Same as above, but with small heel plate 
and narrow toe plate. Sizes 8 to io>^ inches. Per pair, $5.00 

No. 14 

No. 1 4. Nickel-plated, full clamp fastenings, runners of cast steel, 
hardened beveled edges. Sizes 9 to 12 inches. Per pair, $2.00 

No. i 4L* Ladies'. Same as above, but with small heel plate and 
narrow toe plate. Sizes 8 to 11 inches. Per pair, $2.00 

Scabbards for Blades of Racing Skates 

We had quite a call last season for leather scabbards to protect 
blades of racing skates. Made in three sizes, to fit 14, 15 and 16- 
ificb blades. Mention size when ordering. 
Per pair, 75c. 

Peck & Snyder's 
Rink Skate for Fancy Skating— Button Heel 

The runners of these skates are absolutely the hardest made and 
have curved bottoms, as adopted by the leading skating clubs of 

this country. 
No. 17. Highly polished, nickel-plated and bufifed; heel buttons; 

finest three-ply welded steel ribbed runners, extremely well 

tempered and concaved. Specially designed for fancy skating. 

Sizes 9 to 12 inches Per pair, $5.00 

No. I7L. Ladies'. Same as above, but with small heel plate 

and narrow toe plate. Sizes 8 ton 1-2 inches. Per pair, $5.00 

Peck 6c Snyder's Rink Skate 
For Fancy Skating— Canadian Pattern 


No. 18. Foot plates same as on our Canadian pattern hockey 
skates; highly polished, nickel-plated and bufifed throughout. 
Finest three-ply welded steel ribbed runners, well tempered and 
concaved. Specially designed for fancy skating. Sizes 9 to 12 
inches. . Per pair, $5.00 

Toe Attachment for Rink Racing 

Where racing skates are to be used in rinks in- 
doors it is generally made a rule that an extra 
attachment shall be worn to cover the unpro- 
tected point of the skate. This is made of soft 
steel, with screw to attach to blade, and is long * 
enough to permit adjustment to various sizes of 
•kates Per pair, aoo. 

Peck & Snyder's 
"Special Ladies'" Hockey Skate 

No CHLS. Peck & Snyder's "Special Ladies'" Hockey 
Skate. Made with key clamp fastening in front and best qual- 
ity leather heel strap. Flat runners of highly tempered and 
hardened three-ply welded steel. Each pair in Paper box^ 
Sizes 8 to 10 1-2 inches Per pair, $3.00 

Peck & Snyder's Hockey Skates— FuU Clamp 


No DH. Full clamp fastenings. Runners of best cast steel 
hardened. Entire skate full nickel-plated and buflfed Each 
pair paper wrapped. Sizes 9 to 12 inches. . Per pair, $2.00 

No EH. Full clamp fastenings. Flat runners of best cold rolled 
sieel. Entire skate full nickel-plated. Each pair m paper box. 
Sizes 9 to 12 inches ^^^ P^^^' 

No EHL. Ladies'. Like above, but with small heel plate and 
narrow toe plate. Sizes 8 to 10 1-2 inches. . Per pair, $1.50 


Peck S Snyder's Wood Top Hockey Skate 

No. 3R. Varnished beechwood top. Runners of cast steel, 1-4 
inch thick, straight on bottom. Lengths of wood top 10, 11 
and 12 inches. Complete with straps. . .Per pair, $l.50 

Peck S Snyder's Double Runner Sled Skates 

No. DR. By using these skates it is possible to take a child on 
the ice without fear of injury. The runners are so wide apart 
that any child can stand on them easily. They are adjustable 
from 6 to 9 1-2 inches and furnished with straps complete. 
Each pair in paper box Per pair, 50c. 

Holder for Sharpening Racing Skates 

With the aid of this ar- 
rangement racing skates 
can be kept in perfect 
condition with an oil 
stone. The holder will 
_ fit either 14, 15 or 16-inch 

skates of tubular construction and is extremely simple to manipulate. 
Each, $1.00 

The Spalding Tubular Steel 
Racing Skate 

FOR years past racing men have been lookingr for a skate 
that could be depended upon absolutely. Ordinary 
solder is not always sufficient to stand the strain at certain 
points when a man is turning a comer at full speed, and 
this is one reason why the Spalding Tubular Steel Skate, 
with every joint brazed like a bicycle frame— not soldered, 
jumped into such great popularity immediately upon its 
introduction late last season. We claim that this skate 
embraces more good points necessary to a first-class rac- 
ing skate than any other style on the market to-day. We 
have the opinions and practical experience of some of the 
most prominent racing men in this country to go by, 
notably Mr. Sam See. who passed on most of the details oZ 
construction, and every 
pair is backed up with 
a positive guarantee of 
quality. If it gives way 
through any fault of 
its construction, w e 
will gladly replace with 
a new pair or refund 
the money. 

Some Good Points 
about the Spalding 
Tubular Steel Racing 

Absolutely guaranteed; 
very light weight, all 
. tubular steel construc- 
tion; everyjointbrazed, 
not soldered, making it 
the strongest racing 
skate manufactured ; 
blades very thin, made 
of 1-16 in. Norway tool 
steel, hardened; toe 
and heel plates made 
of the best partly hard- 
ened steel, left full size 
so that they can be cut 
to fit any size shoe. In 
three lengths of blade, 
14, 15 and 16 inches. 

Pair, $6.00 


New York Chicago St. Louis Washington 

Boston Minneapohs Baltimore Kansas City 

Buffalo Philadelphia Denver Pittfburg 

San Francisco Montreal, Can. London, England 

Peck S Snyder's "American Club'' Skates 

No. 5. Heel and toe plates of highest quality cold rolled steel, 
with bevel edges. Ribbed runners of best welded tool steoj. 
tempered. Toe and heel plates handsomely engraved. The 
whole skate highly polished, nickel-plated and bufifed. Each 
cair in paper box. Sizes 8 to 12 inches. . Per pair, $5.00 

No. 2. Heel and toe plates of best quality cold rolled steel 
Finest grade welded tool steel runners, tempered, and edges 
beveled. Engraved toe and heel plates. Entire skate nickel- 
plated. Each pair in paper box. Sizes 8 to 12 in. Pair, $3.50 


& Snyder's 



and Speed 


16 and 18 inch blades, 
in sizes 10, 10 1-2, 11 
and 11 1-2. All steel; 
no wood tops to split or 
give way; tool steel rib- 
bed blades hand forged 
?ind highly tempered, 1-8 
inch wide. All nickel-plated 
and polished. Complete with 

No. G. Per pair. $2.50 


to 01 


^ •"• 



fO Tt 

Co HH 





<N <N 

1 >S 


t-t h-t 

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C^ ^> 



were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition. 1904, for the best, most complete 

- and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus >«. 

Base Ball and Athletic Supplies shown at the World's Fair. 


lEe Spalding 
Double End Bag 

The Bladders Used in all our Striking 

Bags are Made of Pure Para Rubber 

and are Fully Guaranteed 

We are making all of our double end bags 
with one-piece top and substantial leather 
loop. Really the strongest construction 
we know of. The bottom loop is also very 

strongly made. 
Made of finest selected olive Napa tanned 
leather, and workmanship of same quality 
as in our "Fitzsimmons" Special Bag No. 
18. Double stitched, red welted seams. 

An extremely durable and lively bag. 
No. 7. Complete. . . Each, $5.00 
No. 6. Fine olive tanned leather cover, 
double stitched red welted seams. Extra 
well made throughout. Complete, $4.00 
No. 5. Regulation size, specially tanned 
brown glove leather cover, red welted 
seams, double stitched and substantially 
made throughout. . Complete, $3.50 
No. 4 1-2. Regulation size, fine craven tan- 
ned leather, and red welted seams. Well 
finished throughout. . Complete, $3.00 
No. 4. Regulation size, fine grain leather 
cover and well made throughout, double 
stitched. . . . Complete, $2.50 
No. 3. Regulation size, substantial brown 
leather cover, reinforced and double 
stitched seams. . . Complete, $2.00 
No. 2 1-2. Regulation size, good quality, 
dark olive tanned leather, lined through- 
out, red welted seams. Complete, $1.50 
No. 2. Medium size, good brown tanned 
leather, lined throughout. Complete,$1.00 

Each bag complete in box, with bladder, 

lace, rubber cord for floor, and rope 

for ceiling attachment. 



were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 

Purchase Exposition, 1904, for the best, most complete 

and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus, 

Base B all and Athletic Sup plies shown at the World's Fair. 

J G 


The Spalding Striking Bags 

The Bladders used in all our Striking Bags are made 
of pure Para Rubber and are Fully Guaranteed 

All our single end bags are made with solid leather top, through center 
of which rope passes, making them the most certain in action of any. 
Laces on side at top, so that the bladder can be inflated without inter- 
fering with rope. Each bag is most carefully inspected and then packed 
complete in box with bladder, lace and rope. 

No. 19. Made of highest quality Patna 
kid, the lightest and strongest of 
leather. Sewed with linen thread, 
double stitched and red welted seams. 
Especially suitable for exhibition work, 
and a very fast bag. . Each, $7.00 

No. 19S. Same material as in No. 19, 
but furnished with special light bladder 
and weighs only 7-oz. complete. The 
fastest bag made, but very strong and 
durable Each, $7.00 

No. 18. The "Fitzsimmons Special." 
Made of finest selected olive Napa 
tanned leather, extra well made; double 
stitched, red welted seams and rein- 
forced throughout. For training pur- 
poses particularly this bag will be 
found extremely satisfactory in every 
respect. . . . Each, $5.00 
No. 18S. Same as No. 18, but smaller in size and lighter. Intended for 
very speedy work Each, $5.00 

Spalding's handsomely illustrated catalogue of athletic goods 
mailed free to any address. 





New York Chicago St. Louis Denver San Francisco 

Boston Minneapolis Baltimore Kansas City New Orleans 

Buffalo Philadelphia Washington Pittsburg Syracuse Cincinnati 
Montreal, Can. London, England 


were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition. 1904, for the best, most complete , 
and most attractive installation of Gymnastic ' 
Base Ball and Athletic Supplies shown at the 

. Lilt; JjUUlBlillii* 

nost complete ^ ^--— ' 
tic Apparatus, ^— -=v\ 
he World's Fair. | J 


Ihe Spalding Disk Platform 

Patented April 19, 1904 

CAN be put up in a very small 
space and taken down quickly 
when not in use by simply de- 
taching the curved fixture from: the 
wall plate. 

The metal disk against which the 
bag strikes constitutes one of the 
best features ever incorporated in an 
arrangement of this character, render- 
ing it almost noiseless and very quick 
in action. 

Suitable particularly for the home, 
and very useful to professional and 
business men who find a little exercise 
necessary to keep in condition. 

No.Y. complete With Bag, $5.00 




New York Chicago St. Louis Denver San Francisco 

Boston Minneapolis Baltimore Kansas City New Orleans 

Buffalo Philadelphia Washington Pittsburg Syracuse Cincinnati 
Montreal, Can. London, England 


were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 

'^— -) ^ Purchase Exposition, 1904, for the best, most complete ^ ^—^ 

/p— -^ and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus, ^«-— ^ 

I [ Base Ball and Athletic Supp lies shown at the World's Fair, j J 

rr \ 

Athletic Training 
For Schoolboys 

(Spalding's Athletic Library No. 246) 


This book Is the most complete work of its kind yet attempted. The 
compiler is Geo. W. Orton, of the University of Pennsylvania, a 
famous athlete himself and who is well qualified to give instructions 
to the beginner. Each event in the intercollegiate programme is 
treated of separately, both in regards to method of training and form. 
By following the directions given, the young athlete will be sure to 
benefit himself without the danger of overworking, as many have done 
through ignorance, rendering themselves unfitted for their task when 
the day of competition arrived. Illustrated with numerous full page 
pictures of leading athletes in action. 


Spalding's Catalogue of Athletic Sports shows the Official 

Implements for all Athletic Events. Send Your Name for a. 


^ — ^ 


New York Chicago St. Louis Denver San Francisco 
Boston Minneapolis Baltimore Kansas City New Orleans 
Buffalo Philadelphia Washington Pittsburg Syracuse Cincinnati 
Montreal, Can. London, England 



were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 

Purchase Exposition, 1904, for the best, most complete 

and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus, 

Base Ball and Athletic Supplies shown at the World's Fair, 



Spal<fing "Official" Association Foot Boll 

An Association Foot Ball that 
Is Right in Every Particular 

Made in the im- 
proved style with 
eight sections and 
"black button'^ 
ends. This con- 
stitutes strongest 
known for a round 
ball. It is made 
of special English 
grain leather and 
in every way con- 
forms to the balls 
used by the best 
teams on the other side. Each ball is packed 
complete with a pure Para rubber guaranteed 
bladder, a foot ball inflater, rawhide lace, and a 
lacing needle in sealed box, and contents guaran- 
teed perfect if seal is unbroken. 

No. H. *' Official'' Association Foot. Ball 

Spalding's handsomely illustrated catalogue of athletic goods 
mailed free to any address. 



New York Chicago St. Louis Denver San Francisco 

Boston Minneapolis Baltimore Kansas City New Orleans 

Buffalo Philadelphia Washington Pittsburg Syracuse Cincinnati 
Montreal, Can. London, England 


) library/ 

V # tr 




By the world's champiou, Michael 
Egan, of Jersey City. This book has been 
rewritten and brought up to date in 
every particular. Every play is thor- 
oughly explain'^d by text and diagram. 
The numerous illustrations consist of 
full pages made from photographs of 
Champion Egan, sho'ving him in all his 
characteristic attitudes. Price 10 cents. 

A short history of this famous Scottish 
pastime, with instructions for play, rules 
of the game, definitions of terms and dia- 
grams of different shots. Price 10 cents. 

By C. Bowyer Vaux. Paddling, sailing, 
cruising and racing canoes and their uses; 
ivith hints on rig and management; the 
choice of a canoe; sailing canoes; racing 
regulations; canoeing and camping. Fully 
illustrated. Price 10 cents. 

M. C. Murphy, the well-known athletic 
trainer, now with Pennsylvania, the 
author of this book, has written it espe- 
cially for the schoolboy and college man, 
but it is invaluable for the athlete who 
wishes to excel in any branch of athletic 
sport. The subject comprise the follow- 
ing articles: Training, starting, sprint- 
ing; how to train for the quarter, half, 
mile and longer distances; walking; high 
and broad jumping; hurdling; pole vault- 
ing; throwing the hammer. It is pro- 
fusely illustrated with pictures of lead- 
ing athletes, and has been revised for 
the season of 1906. Price 10 cents. 

By Dr. Henry S. Anderson, instructor 
in heavy gymnastics Yale gymnasium, 
Anderson Normal School, Chautauqua 
University. In conjunction with a chest 
machine anyone with this book can be- 
come perfectly developed. Price 10 cents. 


Contains rules not found in other pub- 1 
lications for the government of many 
sports; rules for wrestling, cross-country 
running, shuffleboard, skating, snowshoe- 
ing, quoits, potato racing, professional 
racing, racquets, pigeon flying, dog rac- 
ing, pistol and revolver shooting. Price 
10 cents. 

E'dited by James E. Sullivan, Secre- 
tary-Treasurer of the Amateur Athletic 
Union; tells how to organize an athletic 
club, how to conduct an athletic meeting, 
and gives rules for the government of 
athletic meetings; contents also include 
directions for building a track and laying 
out athletic grounds, and a very instruc- 
tive article on training; fully Illustrated 
with pictures of leading athletes in ac- 
tion. Price 10 cents. 



By Prof. Henry Walter Worth, who 
was for years physical director of the 
Armour Institute of Technology. Any 
boy, by reading this book and following 
the instructions can become a proficient 
tumbler. Price 10 cents. 

By G. M. Martin, Physical Director 
of the Y. M. C. A. of Youngstown, Ohio. 
It is a book that should be in the hands 
of every physical director of the Y. M. 
C. A., school, club, college, etc. The 
contents comprise: The place of the class 
in physical training; grading of exer- 
cises and season schedules — grading of 
men, grading of exercises, season sched- 
ules for various classes, elementary and 
advanced classes, leaders, optional exer- 
cises. Nearly 200 pages. Price 10 cents. 

By Robert Stoll, of the New York 
A. C, the American champion on the 
flying rings from 1885 to 1892. Any boy 
who frequents a gymnasium can easily 
follow the illustrations and instructions 
In this book and with a little practice 
become proficient on the horizontal and 
parallel bars, the trapeze or the "horse." 
Price 10 cents. 

NO. 128— HOW TO ROW. 

By E. J, Giannini, of the New York 
A. C, one of America's most famous 
amateur oarsmen and champions. This 
book will instruct any one who Is a 
lover of rowing how to become an ex- 
pert. It is fully illustrated, showing how 
to hold the oars, the finish of the stroke 
and other information that will prove 
valuable to the beginner. Price 10 cents. 


By Gus Sundstrom, instructor at the 
New Y'^ork A. C. It treats of every de- 
tail, the individual work of the players, 
the practice of the team, how to throw 
the hall, with illustrations and many 
valuable hints. Price 10 cents. 


Contains directions for playing, dia- 
grams of important strokes, description 
of grounds, instructions for the begin- 
ner, terms used in the game, and the 
oflicial playing rules. Price 10 cents. 


Catch as catch can style. By E. H. 
Hitchcock, M.D., of Cornell, and R. F. 
Nelligan, of Amherst College. The book 
contains nearly seventy illustrations of 
the different holds, photographed espe- 
cially and so described that anybody 
who desires to become expert in wrest- 
ling can with little effort learn every 
one. Price 10 cents. 


, were won by A. G. SPALDING & BROS, at the Louisiana 

^i— 3 "^ Purchase Exposition, 1904, for the best, most complete ^ ^ 
f^-—^ and most attractive installation of Gymnastic Apparatus, vj^v^ 
H Base Ball and Athletic Supp lie s shown at the World's Fair. 1 1 

f ^ 

The Spalding Striking Bags 

The Bladders used in all our Striking Bags are made 
of pure Para Rubber and are Fully Guaranteed 

All our single end bags are made with solid leather top, through center 
of which rope passes, making them the most certain in action of any. 
Laces on side at top, so that the bladder can be inflated without inter- 
fering with rope. Each bag is most carefully inspected and then packed 
complete in box with bladder, lace and rope. 

No. 20. Made of finest selected calfskin, double stitched, red welted 
seams and reinforced throughout. Very fast and a durable bag for 
gymnasium use. Each. $5.50 

No. 12. Made of olive tanned leather, specially selected; double stitched, 
red welted seams and reinforced throughout. Excellent for quick 
work Each, $4.00 

No. 10. Made of specially tanned brown glove leather: double stitched, 
red welted seams and reinforced throughout. Well made in every 
particular. Each, $3.00 

No. 17. Made of fine craven tanned leather, well finished; double 
stitched, red welted seams and reinforced throughout. A good all 
around bag Each, $2.50 

No. 16. Made of extra fine grain leather; full size and lined through- 
out Each, $2.00 

No. 15. Made of olive tanned leather; full size and lined throughout; 
red welted seams Each, $1.50 

No. 14. Good quality brown leather; lined throughout. . " 1.00 

Spalding's handsomely illustrated catalogue of athletic goods 
mailed free to any address 

5) A. C. SPALDING & BROS. g 

New York Chicago St. Louis Denver San Francisco 
Boston Minneapolis Baltimore Kansas City New Orleans 
Buffalo Philadelphia Washington Pittsburg Syracuse Cincinnati 
Montreal, Can. London, England 








By G. T. Hepbron, editor of the Of- 
ficial Basket Ball Guide. Contains full 
Instructions for players, both for the ex- 
pert and the novice, duties of officials, 
and specially posed full-page pictures 
showing the correct and incorrect methods 
of playing. The demand for a book of 
this character is fully satisfied in this 
publication, as many points are included 
which could not be incorporated in the 
annual publication of the Basket Ball 
Guide for want of room. Price 10 cents. 

The need of an authoritative handbook 
at a popular price on these games is 
filled by this book. How to play each 
game is thoroughly explained, and all 
the difficult strokes shown by special 
photographs taken, especially for this 
book. Contains the official rules for 
each game, with photographs of well- 
known courts. Price 10 cents. 

The official publication of the National 
Roque Association of America. Edited 
by Prof. Charles Jacobus, ex-champion. 
Contains a description of the courts and 
their construction, diagrams of the field, 
illustrations, rules and valuable infor- 
mation. Price 10 cents. 

Compiled by H. L. FitzPatrick of the 
New York Sun. Illustrated with por- 
traits of leading players and contains 
most useful information for polo players. 
Price 10 cents. 

This is undoubtedly the best work on 
dumb-bells that has ever been offered. 
The author, Mr. G. Bojus, was formerly 
superintendent of physical culture in the 
Elizabeth (N. J.) public schools, in- 
structor at Columbia University (New 
York), instructor for four years at the 
Columbia summer school and is now pro- 
prietor of the Park Place Gymnasium, 
at 14 Park Place, New York City. The 
book contains 200 photographs of all the 
various exercises with the instructions in 
large, readable type. It should be in the 
hands of every teacher and pupil of 
physical culture, and is invaluable for 
home exercise as well. Price 10 cents. 

By William C. Schmeisser, captain 
Johns Hopkins University champion 
intercollegiate lacrosse team of 1902; 
edited by Ronald T. Abercrombie, ex- 
captain and coach of Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity lacrosse team, 1900-1904. Every 
position is thoroughly explained in a 
most simple and concise manner, render- 
ing it the best manual of the game ever 
published. llustrated with numerous 
snapshots of important plays. Price 10 cents 





Edited by T. H. Murnane. New and 
revised edition. Contents: How to be- 
come a batter, by Napoleon Lajoie, 
James Collins, Hugh Jennings and Jesse 
Tannehill; how to run the bases, by 
Jack Doyle and Frank L. Chance; advice 
to base runners, by James B. Sullivan, 
Sec.-Treas. A.A.U.; how to become a 
good pitcher, by Cy Young, "Rube" Wad- 
dell and Bert Cunningham; on curve 
pitching, by Cy Young, James J. Calla- 
han, Frank Donahue, Vic Willis, William 
Dineen and Charley Nichols; how to be- 
come a good catcher, by Eddie Phelps, 
William Sullivan and M. J. Kittridge; 
how to play first base, by Hugh Jen- 
nings; how to play second base; by 
Napoleon Lajoie and William Gleason; 
how to play third base, by James Col- 
lins and Lave Cross; how to play short- 
stop, by Herman Long; how to play the 
infield, by Charles A. Comiskey; how to 
play the outfield, by Fred Clarke; the 
earmarks of a ball player, by John J. 
McGraw; good advice for players; how 
to organize a team; how to manage a 
team; how to score a game; how to 
umpire a game; base ball rules inter- 
preted for boys. Price 10 cents. 

How to construct a green; necessary 
equipment; how to play the game, and 
the official rules as promulgated by the 
Scottish Bowling Association. Edited 
by Mr. James W. Greig. Illustrated. 
Price, 10 cents. 


This is the fifth of the Physical Train- 
ing series, by Prof. E. B. Warman (see 
Nos. 142, 149, 166, 185, 213, 261). A glance 
at the contents will show the variety 
of subjects: Chapter I — Basic principles; 
longevity. Chapter II — Hints on eating; 
food values; the uses of salt. Chapter 
III — Medicinal value of certain foods. 
Chapter IV — The efficacy of sugar; sugar, 
food for muscular work; eating for 
strenp'th and endurance; fish as brain 
food; food for the children. Chapter V 
— Digestibility; bread; appendicitis due 
to flour. Chapter VI — Hints on drink- 
ing — water, milk, buttermilk, tea, coffee; 
how to remain young. Chapter VII — 
Hints on bathing; cold, hot, warm, tepid, 
salt, sun, air, Russian, Turkish, cabinet. 
Chapter VIII — Hints on breathing; 
breathlessness, heart strain, second 
wind, yawning, the art of yogi. Price 
10 cents 




Contains advice for beginners; how to 
become a figure skater thoroughly ex- 
plained, with many diagrams showing 
how to do all the different tricks of the 
best figure skaters, including the Mo- 
hawk, with all its variations; Q's, for- 
ward and backward, inside and outside; 
the crosscuts, including the difficult 
Swedish style; Inside and outside spins; 
the grapevine, with its numerous branch- 
es, and many other styles, which will 
be comparatively simple to any one who 
follows the directions given. Profusely 
illustrated with pictures of prominent 
skaters and numerous diagrams. Price 
10 cents. 


Contents: Necessity for exercise in the 
summer; three rules for bicycling; when 
going up-hill; sitting out on summer 
nights; ventilating a bedroom; ventilat- 
ing a house; how to obtain pure air; 
bathing; salt water baths at home; a 
substitute for ice water; drinking ice 
water; to cure insomnia; asleep in two 
minutes; for those who ride wheels; sum- 
mer outdoor exercise; profuse perspira- 
tion; danger of checking perspiration; 
dress, hot weather, etc., etc. Price 10 

By Albert B. Wegener, Physical Di- 
rector Y. M. C. A., Rochester, N. Y. 
Ever since graded apparatus work has 
been used in gymnastics, the necessity 
of having a mass drill that would har- 
monize with it has been felt. For 
years it has been the established custom 
In most gymnasiums of memorizing a 
set drill, never varied from one year's 
end to the other. Consequently the be- 
ginner was given the same kind and 
amount as the older member. With a 
view to giving uniformity the present 
treatise is attempted. Price 10 cents. 


Compiled by J. E. Sullivan, Chief De- 
partment Physical Culture, Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition, and Director Olym- 
pic Games, 1904. Contains a complete 
report of the Olympic Games of 1904, 
with list of records and pictures of hun- 
dreds of athletes; also reports of the 
games of 1896 and 1900. Price 10 cents. 

Written by the most famous player in 
Canada, A. Farrell, of the Shamrock 
hockey team of Montreal. It contains a 
complete description of the game, its 
origin, points of a good player, and an 
instructive article on how game is 
played, with diagrams and official rules. 
Illustrated with pictures of leading 
teams. Price 10 cents. 


NO. 233— JIU JITSir. 

A complete description of this famoaa 
Japanese system of self-defence. Each 
move thoroughly explained and illus- 
trated with numerous full-page pictures 
of Messrs. A. Minami and K. Koyama, 
two of the most famous exponents of 
the art of Jiu Jitsu, who posed espe- 
cially for this book. Be sure and ask 
for the Spalding Athletic Library book 
on Jiu Jitsu. Price 10 cents. 

A series of drills for the use of 
schools. Edited by Dr. Luther Halsey 
Gulick, Director of Physical Training In 
the New York public schools. Price 10 


Without question the most complete 
and up-to-date book on wrestling that 
has ever been printed. Edited by F. R. 
Toombs, and devoted principally to 
special poses and illustrations by 
Georges Hackenschmidt, the "Russian 
Lion." It shows the champion in many 
poses, and also contains a special article 
on "Training," in which he gives good 
advice to beginners. The book also con- 
tains in addition many full pages of 
poses by Tom Jenkins and other famous 
wrestlers. Besides showing accurately 
how to secure each hold and fall, the 
book also contains official rules for all 
styles of wrestling. Be sure to ask for 
the Spalding Athletic Library book "How 
to Wrestle." Price 10 cents. 


A complete and up-to-date guide to the 
"Socker" game in the United States, 
containing instructions for playing the 
game, official rules, and interesting news 
from all parts of the country. Illus- 
trated with numerous pictures of lead- 
ing teams. Price 10 cents. 


By Dr. L. H. Gulick, Director of 
Physical Training in the New York pub- 
lic schools. A complete treatise on the 
correct method of acquiring muscular 
strength. Illustrated with numerous 
full-page engravings. Price 10 cents. 

Contains constitution, by-laws, laws 
of athletics and rules to govern the 
awarding of the championship cup of the 
Intercollegiate Athletic Association of 
Amateur Athletes of America, the gov- 
erning body in college athletics. Con- 
tains official intercollegiate records from 
1876 to 1905, with the winner's name 
and time in each event, list of points 
won by each college, and list of officers 
of the association from 1889 to 1905, in- 
clusive. Price 10 cents. 



By Trof. E. B. Warman, the well- 
known physical culture expert. Is a 
complete, thorough and practical hook 
where the whole man is considered — brain 
and body. By following the instructions 
no apparatus is required. The book is 
adapted for both sexes. The exorcises 
comprise directions as follows: how to 
stand; how to sit; how to rest; breath- 
ing; exercises for the fingers, wrists, el- 
bows, shoulders, neck, hips, knees, 
ankles; a word about the muscles; the 
arms and thighs; shoulders and chest; 
waist; sides; back and abdomen; bowing; 
bending; twisting; the liver squeezer, 
etc., etc. Fully illustrated. Price 10 


Two of the most popular forms of home 
or gymnasium exercise. This book is 
written by America's amateur champion 
club swinger, J. H. Dougherty. It is 
clearly illustrated, by which any novice 
can become an expert. Price 10 cents. 

A book f.hat all who value health 
should read and follow Its instructions. 
By Prof. E. B. Warman, the well-known 
lecturer and authority on physical cul- 
ture. The subject is thoroughly treated, 
as a glance at the following small por- 
tion of the contents shows: An all- 
around athlete; muscular Christianity; 
eating, diet — various opinions; bill of 
fare for brain workers; bill of fare for 
muscle-makers; what to eat and drink; 
a simple diet; an opinion on brain food; 
why is food required? drinking water; 
nutrition — how food nourishes the body; 
a day's food, how used; constituents of 
a day's ration — beefsteak, potatoes, 
bread, butter, water, germs of disease, 
etc. Price 10 cents. 

To those in need of vigorous and 
healthful out-of-doors exercise, this 
game is recommended highly. Its 
healthful attributes are manifold and 
the interest of player and spectator alike 
is kept active throughout the progress 
of the game. The game is prominent in 
the sports at Vassar, Smith, Wellesley, 
Bryn Mawr and other leading colleges. 
Price 10 cents. 

How to become an athlete. It contains 
full instructions for the beginner, telling 
how to sprint, hurdle, jump and throw 
weights, general hints on training; in 
fact, this book is one of the most com- 
plete on the subject that has ever ap- 
peared. Special chapters contain valu- 
able advice to beginners and important 
A. A. U. rules and their explanations, 
while the pictures comprise many scenes 
of champions in action. Price 10 cents. 


A complete description of lawn tennis; 
a lesson for beginners and directions tell- 
ing how to make the most important 
strok(>s; styles and skill of the experts; 
the American twist service; how to build 
and keep a court. Illustrated from 
photographs of leading players in ac- 
tion. Price 10 cents. 

Without question one of the best 
books of its kind ever published. Com- 
piled by Prof. A. M. Chesley, the well- 
known Y. M. C. A. physical director. 
It is a book that will prove valuable to 
indoor and outdoor gymnasiums, schools, 
outings and gatherings where there are 
a number to be amused. The games de- 
scribed comprise a list of 120, divided 
into several groups. Price 10 cents. 

By Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick, Director 
of Physical Training in the New York 
public schools. Anyone who is looking 
for a concise and complete course of 
physical education at home would do 
well to procure a copy of this book. Ten 
minutes' work as directed is exercise 
anyone can follow. It already has had a 
large sale and has been highly recom- 
mended by all who have followed its in- 
structions. Nearly IdO pages of illustra- 
tions and 100 of text. Price 10 cents. 


For many years books have been issued 
on the art of boxing, but it has remained 
for us to arrange a book that we think is 
sure to fill all demands. It contains 
over 70 pages of illustrations showing all 
the latest blows, posed especially for this 
book under the supervision of a well- 
known instructor of boxing, who makes 
a specialty of teaching and knows how 
to impart his knowledge. They are so 
arranged that anyone can easily become 
proficient. A partial list of the contents 
include: The correct position; clenching 
the fist; gauging distance; the first prin- 
ciples of hitting; the elements of de- 
fence' feinting; knockout blows; chin 
punch; the blow under the ear; the fam- 
ous solar plexus knockout; the heart 
blow; famous blows and their origina- 
tors: Fitzsimraons' contribution; the Mc- 
Cov corkscrew; the kidney punch; the 
Mver punch; the science of boxing; proper 
position of hand and arm; left hook 
to face; hook to the jaw; how to deliver 
the solar plexus: correct delivery of a 
right uppercut; blocking a right swing 
and sending a right uppercut to chin; 
blocking a left swing and sending a left 
uppercut to chin, etc., etc.; hints on 
training, diet and breathing; how to 
train; rules for boxing. Price 10 cents. 




This is a new book by Regis and Louis 
Senac, of New York, famous instructors 
and leading authorities on the subject. 
Messrs. Senac give in detail how every 
move should be made, and tell it so 
clearly that anyone can follow the in- 
structions. It is illustrated with sixty 
full page pictures, posed especially for 
this book. Price 10 cents. 

By Prof. B. B. Warman, the well- 
known exponent of physical culture. By 
following the directions carefully anyone 
can become an expert. Price 10 cents. 

NO. 167— aUOITS. 

By M. W. Deshong. The need of a 
book on this interesting game has been 
felt by many who wished to know the 
fine points and tricks used by the ex- 
perts. Mr. Deshong explains them, with 
Illustrations, so that a novice can readily 
understand. Price 10 cents. 

NO. 170— PUSH BALL. 

Played with an air-inflated ball 6 
feet in diameter, weighing about 50 
pounds. A side consists of eleven men. 
This book contains the official rules and 
a sketch of the game; illustrated. Price 
10 cents. 


By George Orton, the famous Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania runner. Tells how 
to become proficient at the quarter, half, 
mile,' the longer distances, and cross- 
country running and steeplechasing, with 
Instructions for training and schedules 
to be observed when preparing for a 
contest. Illustrated with numerous pic- 
tures of leading athletes in action, with 
comments by the editor on the good and 
bad points shown. Price 10 cents. 
NO. 177— HOW TO SWIM. 

By J. H. Sterrett, the leading author- 
ity on swimming in America. The in- 
structions will interest the expert as 
tvell as the novice; the illustrations were 
Bade from photographs especially posed, 
5howing the swimmer in clear water; a 
valuable feature is the series of "land 
Irill" exercises for the beginner, which 
s illustrated by many drawings. The 
contents comprise: A plea for education 
n swimming; swimming as an exercise 
ind for development; land drill exer- 
!ises; plain swimming; best methods of 
earning; the breast stroke; breathing; 
mder-arm side stroke; scientific strokes 
—over-arm side stroke; double over-arm 
)r "trudgeon" stroke; touching and 
urning; training for racing; ornamental 
swimming; floating; diving; running 
leader; back dive; diving feet foremost; 
he propeller; marching on the water; 
iwjmming on the back. Price 10 cents. 




Gives methods of the best riders when 
training for long or short distance races; 
hints on training. Revised and up-to- 
date in every particular. Price 10 cents. 

A new game for the gymnasium, in- 
vented by Dr. J. M. Vorhees of Pratt 
Institute, Brooklyn, that has sprung into 
instant popularity; as exciting as basket 
ball. This book contains official rules. 
Price 10 cents. 

Gives in full the method of scoring the, 
Ail-Around Championship, giving percen- 
tage tables showing what each man re- 
ceivesl for each performance in each of 
the ten events. It contains as well In- 
structive articles on how to train for the 
All-Around Championship. Illustrated 
with many pictures of champions in ac- 
tion and scores at all-around meets. 
Price, 10 cents. 

A series of articles by Prof. E. B. 
Warman, the well-known lecturer and 
authority on physical culture. Prof. 
Warman treats very interestingly of 
health influenced by insulation; health 
influenced by underwear; health influ- 
enced b.v color; exercise, who needs it? 
Price 10 cents. 

Edited by J. C. Morse. A full descrip- 
tion of the game; official rules, pictures 
of teams; other articles of interest. 
Price 10 cents. 


Containing the rules for each game. 
Illustrated. Price 10 cents. 

Compiled by Jessie H. Bancroft, direc- 
tor of physical training, department of 
education. New York City. These games 
are intended for use at recesses, and all 
but the team games have been adapted 
to large classes. Suitable for children 
from three to eight years, and include 
a great variety. Price 10 cents. 

By W. H. Rothwell ("Young Cor- 
bett"). This book is undoubtedly the. 
best treatise on bag punching that has 
ever been printed. Every variety of 
blow used in training is shown and ex- 
plained. The pictures comprise thirty- 
three full page reproductions of Young 
Corbett as he appears while at work in 
his training quarters. The photographs 
were taken by our special artist and 
cannot be seen in any other publication. 
Fancy oag punching is treated by a 
well-known theatrical bag puncher, who 
shows the latest tricks. Price 10 cents. 




By Prof. E. B. Warman, and uniform 
with his previous numbers on Scientific 
5 Physical Training (see Spalding's Ath- 
i Jetic Library Nos. 142, 149, 166, 185, 
1^208, 213). The "Tensing" or "Resist- 
ing" system of muscular exercises is the 
most thorough, the most complete, the 
most satisfactory, and the most fascina- 
ting of systems. Only forty minutes are 
required to take all the exercises. The 
illustrations comprise nearly 70 photo- 
graphs. Price 10 cents. 


This book is not a technical treatise, but 
a series of plain and practical exercises 
with the medicine ball, suitable for boys 
and girls, business and professional men 
in and out of gymnasium. Lengthy ex 
planation and technical momenclature have 
been avoided and illustrations used instead 
The exercises are fascinating and attract 
ive, and avoid any semblance of drudgery 
Edited by W. J. Cromie, physical director 
Germantown (Pa.) Y. M. C. A. Price 10 



Edited by H. P. Burchell, of the New 
York Times. Contents include a report of 
every important tournament played in 
1905, embracing the National Champion- 
ship, sectional and State tournaments; 
invitation and open tournaments; inter- 
collegiate and interscholastic champion- 
ships; women's national championships; 
Canadian and foreign championships; in- 
door championships; official ranking for 
each year from 1885 to 1905; laws of 
lawn tennis; instructions for handicap- 
ping; decisions on doubtful points; regu- 
lations for the management of tourna- 
ments. Price 10 cts. 


Edited by Jerome Flannery, The most 
complete year book of the game that 
has ever been published in America. It 
contains all the records of the previous 
year, reports of special matches, official 
rules and pictures of all the leading 
teams and individual players. Price 10 

An Encyclopedia of Base Ball 

A TTENTION is called to the numbers of Spalding's Athletic Library on this and opposite 

*' page, embracing the greatest collection of books of instniction for playing the various positions 

'" in the game ever published. These books are entirely new^ and up-to-date, and contain the latest 

methods of play. Each number is complete in itself and is profusely illustrated. Be sure and 

ask for Spalding's Athletic Library. Price 1 cents for each book. For detailed description see 

^ following numbers : 

No. 257 

The leading base ball annual of the country, and the official authority 
of the game. Edited by Henry Chadwick, the "Father of Base Ball." 
Contains the official playing rules, pictures of all the teams in the 
National, American and minor leagues ; official averages ; reviews of the 
season in all the professional organizations ; college base ball ; early 
history of the game, and a great deal of information. Price 10 cents. 

To supply a demand for a book which 
would show the percentage of clubs with- 
out recourse to the arduous work of fig- 
uring, the publishers have had Mr. J. B. 
Foster, Sporting Editor of the New York 
Evening Telegram, compile a book which 
answers every requirement, and which 
has met with the greatest praise for its 
accuracy and simplicity. No follower 
of the game can afford to he without it. 
Price 10 cents. 

NO. 223— HOW TO BAT. 

The most important part of ball play- 
ing nowadays, outside of pitching, is 
batting. The team that can bat and 
has some good pitchers can win base ball 
games; therefore, every boy and young 
man who has, of course, already learned 
to catch, should turn his attention to 
this department of the game, and there 
is no better way of becoming proficient 
than by reading this book and then con- 
stantly practising the little triciis ex- 
plained therein, 





Compiled especially for the young 
player who would become an expert. 
The best book on playing the outflold 
that has ever been published. There 
are just as many tricliS to be learned, 
before a player can be a competent 
fielder, as there are in any other posi- 
tion on a nine, and this book explains 
them all. Illustrated with numerous 
page pictures of leading outlii'lders. 
Price 10 cents. 

No other position in a ball team has 
shown such a change for the better in 
recent years as first base. Modiiicationsi 
in line with the betterment of the sport' 
in every department has been made at 
intervals, but in no other department 
have they been so radical. No boy who 
plays the initial sack can afford to over- 
look the points and hints contained in 
this book. Entirely new and up to date. 
Illustrated with full-page pictures of all 
the prominent first basemen. Price 10 
cents. I 


There are so few men who can cover 
second base to perfection that their 
liames can easily be called off by anyone 
who follows the game of base ball. 
Team owners who possess such players 
would not part with them for thousands 
of dollars. These men have been inter- 
viewed and their ideas incorporated in 
this book for the especial benefit of boys 
who want to know the fine points of playi 
at this point of the diamond. Illustrated! 
with full-page pictures. Price 10 cents. 

Third base is, in some respects, thei 
most important of the infield. 'No major 
league team has ever won a pennant 
without a great third baseman. Collins 
of the Boston Americans and Leach of | 
Pittsburg are two of the greatest third 
basemen the game has ever seen, and' 
their teams owe much of the credit for, 
pennants they have won to them. These 
men in this book describe just how they 
play the position. Everything a player] 
should know is clearly set forth and any 
boy will surely increase his chances of | 
success by a careful reading of this 
book. Illustrated. Price 10 cents. 

Shortstop is one of the hardest posi- 
tions on the infield to fill, and quick 
thougbt and quick action are necessary 
for a player who expects to make good 
as a shortstop. The views of every well- 
known player who covers this position 
liave been sought in compiling this book, 
and it is offered as being the most com- 
lilt'te book of its class ever produced. 
Illustrated. Price 10 cents. 

^: '^^ 





Undoubtedly the best book on catching 
that has yet been published. Every boy 
who has hopes of being a clever catcher' 
should read how well-known players « 
cover their position. Among the more ' 
Doted ones who describe their methods 
of play in this book are Lou Criger of 
the Boston Americans and Johnnie Kling 
of the Chicago Nationals. The numerous 
pictures comprise all the noted catchers 
iu the big leagues. Price 10 cents. 


A new, up-to-date book. No boy can 
afford to be without a copy of it. Edited 
by John B. Foster of the Evening Tele- 
gram (New York). The object of this 
book is to aid the beginners who aspire 
to become clever twirlers, and its con- 
tents are the practical teaching of men 
who have reached the top as pitchers, 
and who have had experience. Price 10 cents 

A useful guide to all who are inter- 
ested in the above subjects. Jimmy Col- 
lins, manager-captain of the Boston 
Americans, writes on coaching; M. J. 
Kelly of the St. Paul champions, on 
captaining; Al Buckenberger of the 
Rochester team, on managing; Frank , 
Dwyer of the American League staff, on J 
umpiring; Fred Lake on minor leagues./ 
and the editor, T. H. Murnane, Presi- 
dent of the New England League, on how 
to organize a league. Price 10 cents. 


The importance of base running as a ♦ 
scientific feature of the national game is 
becoming more and more recognized each 
jyear. Bes.des being spectacular, feats of 

ie stealing nearly always figure in the 
[winning of a game. Many a close contest 
[is decided on the winning of that little 
strip of 90 feet which lies between 
cushions. When hits are few and the 
enemy's pitchers steady, it becomes in- 
cumbent on the opposing team to get 
around the bases in some manner. Ef- 
fective stealing not only increases the ef- 
fectiveness of the team by advancing its 
runners without wasting hits, but it 
serves to materially disconcert the 
enemy and frequently has caused an 
entire opposing club to temporarily lose 
its poise and throw away the game. 
This book gives clear and concise direc- 
tions for excelling as a base runner; 
tells when to run and when not to do 
so; how and when to slide; team work 
on the bases; in fact, every point of the 
game is thoroughly explained. Illus- 
trated with pictures of leading players. 
Price 10 cents. 




Edited by Walter Camp. Contains the 
new rules, with diagram of field; All- 
America teams as selected by leading 
authorities; reviews of the game from 
} various sections of the country; 1905 
scores of all the leading teams; records of 
etc., and is an encyclopedia in itself. 
Fisher of Columbia. Price 10 cents. 


The A.A.U. is the governing body of I 
athletes in the United States of America, 
and all games must be held under its 
rules, which are exclusively published in 
this handbook, and a copy should be in 
the hands of every athlete and every I 
club officer in America. This book con- 
tains the official rules for running, jump-' 
Ing, weight throwing, hurdling, pole 
vaulting, swimming, boxing, wrestling, 
etc.. and is an enclopedia in itself. 
Price 10 cents. 


Edited by Walter Camp. The con- 
tents embrace everything that a beginner 
wants to know and many points that an 
expert will be glad to learn. The pic- 
tures ar.? made from snapshots of leading 
teams and players in action, with com- 
ments by Walter Camp. Price 10 cents. 


.' Edited by George T. Hepbron. Con- 

^ tains the revised official rules, decisions 

on disputed points, records of prominent 

teams, reports on the game from various 

parts of the country, and pictures of 

I hundreds of players. Price 10 cents. 


Edited by Charles S. Cox. Contains 
records of the important American golf 
events since their institution, short ac- 
counts of the state of the game in vari- 
ous parts of America, portraits of prom- 
inent players, and revised rules of the 
game. Price 10 cents. 


Edited by G. T. Hepbron, the well- 
known athletic authority. It contains 
the official rules governing all sports 
under the jurisdiction of the Y.M.C.A., 
a complete report of the physical direc- 
tors' conference, official Y.M.C.A. scor- 
ing tables, pentathlon rules, many pic- 
tures of the leading Y.M.C.A. athletes 
of the country, official Y.M.C.A. athletic 
rules, constitution and by-laws of the 
Athletic League of Y.M.C.A., all-around 
Indoor test, volley ball rules; illustrated. 
Price 10 cents. 




This book is the most complete work 
of its kind yet attempted. The compiler 
is Geo. W. Orton, of the University of 
Pennsylvania, a famous athlete himself 
and who is well qualified to give in- 
structions to the beginner. Each event 
in the intercollegiate programme Is 
treated of separately, both in regards to 
method of training • and form. By fol- 
lowing the directions given, the young 
athlete will be sure to benefit himself 
without the danger of overworking as 
many have done through Ignorance, ren- 
dering themselves unfitted for their task 
when the day of competition arrived. 
Price 10 cents. 


The official publication of the new 
Collegiate Basket Ball Organization. 
Contains the official rules, collegiate and 
high school records, all America selec- 
tions, reviews of the collegiate basket 
ball season of 1904-5, and pictures of all 
the prominent college teams and indi- 
vidual players. Edited by Harry A. 
Fisher of Columbia. Price 10 cents. 

NO. 248— ARCHERY. 

A new and up-to-date book on this fas- 
cinating pastime. Edited by Mr. Louis 
Maxson of Washington, D. C, ex-Na- 
tional champion. Contains a history of 
archery from its revival as a pastime 
in the eighteenth century, to the present 
time, with li£t of winners and scores of 
the English Grand championships from 
1844; National Archery Association of 
\ the United States winners and scores; 
the several varieties of archery; instruc- 
tions for shooting; how to select imple- 
ments; how to score; and a great deal of 
interesting information on the game. 
Illustrated. Price 10 cents. 


By S. Karpf, Secretary of the Ameri- 
can Bowling Congress, and one of the 
best posted men on bowling in America. 
Contents: History of the sport; diagrams 
of effective deliveries; how to bowl; a 
few hints to beginners; American Bowl- 
ing Congress; the national champion- 
ships; how to build an alley; how to 
score; spares — how they are made. Rules 
for cocked hat. cocked hat and feather, 
quintet, battle game, nine up and nine 
down, head pin and four back, ten pins 
— head pin out. five back, the Newport 
game, ten pin head, pin game, duckpin 
game, head pin game. New England 
candle pin game. Illustrated with por- 
traits of all the prominent bowlers. 
Price 10 cents. 



Compiled by J. E. Sullivan, Chief De- 
partment Physical Culture, Louisiana 
i'urchase Exposition, and Director Olym- 
j)ic Games, 1904, The only annual pub- 
lication now issued that contains a com- 
plete list of amateur best-on-records; 
complete intercollegiate records; complete 
English records from 1866; swimming 
records; interscholastic records; Irish, 
Scotch and Australasian records; reports 
of leading athletic meets; skating 
records; important athletic events and 
numerous photos of individual athletes 
and leading athletic teams. Price 10 cts. 


Edited by Frank D. Woodworth, Sec- 
retary-Treasurer Ontario Rugby Foot Ball 
Union. The official book of the game 
in Canada. Price 10 cents. 


A complete and detailed account of 
how to train for the short distances. 
Every athlete who aspires to be a 
sprinter can study this book to advan- 
tage and gain a great deal of useful 
knowledge. Price 10 cents. 


This is the official handbook of the 
r'ublic Schools Athletic League, which 
embraces all the public schools of Greater 
New York. It contains the official rules 
lliat govern all the contests of the 
league, and constitution, by-laws and 
otlicers. Edited by Dr. Luther Halsey 
<;nlick, superintendent of physical edu- 
cation in the New Y'^ork public schools, 
Illustrated. Price 10 cents. 

Edited by Dr. R. Tait McKenzie, Di- 
r.rtor Physical Training, University of 
Pennsylvania. Profusely illustrated. 
Price 10 cents. 

NO. 255— HOW TO RUN 100 YARDS. 

By J. W Morton, the noted British 
oliumpion. Written by Mr. Morton 
• luring his recent American trip, in 1905, 
especially for boys. Mr. Morton knows 
) i>w to handle his subject, and his ad- 
t oe and directions for attaining speed, 
will undoubtedly be of immense assist- 
s'Mce to the great majority of boys who 
have to rely on printed instructions;. 
Many of Mr. Morton's methods of train- 
ing are novel to American athletes, but 
his success is the best tribute to their 
Worth. Illustrated with photographs of 
Mr. Morton in action, taken especially 
for this book, in New York City. Price 
10 cents. (Ready in March.) 

Edited by W. A. Hewitt, of Toronto. 
Contains the official rules of the Associ- 
ation, constitution, rules of competition, 
list of officers, and pictures of leading 
players. Price 10 cents. 


America's national game is now vieing 
with other indoor games as a wijter 
pastime. This book contains the play- 
ing rules, pictures of leading teams, and 
Interesting articles on the game. Price 
10 cents. 


By James S. Mitchel, Champion Amer- 
ican weight thrower, and holder of 
American, Irish, British and Canadian 
championships. Probably no other man 
in the world has had the varied and long 
experience of James S. Mitchel in the 
weight throwing department of athletics. 
The book is written in an instructive 
way, and gives valuable information, 
not only for the novice, but for the ex- 
pert as well. It is replete with lifelike 
illustrations of Champion John Flanagan 
throwing the hammer, Dennis Horgan, 
British and Irish champion shot putter, 
and others. Price 10 cents. (Ready in 


Edited by Miss Senda Berenson, of 
Smith College. Contains the official 
rules of the game as revised by the 
Executive Committee, October, 1905, and 
articles on the following subjects: 
Games for women, by E. Hitchcock, Di- 
rector of Physical Training, and Dean 
of College, Amhurst College; condition 
of women's basket ball in the Middle 

" West, by W. P. Bowen, Michigan State 
Normal College; a few suggestions about 
the actual playing of basket ball, by 
Agnes 0. Childs, A. M., Smith College; 
psychological effects of basket ball for 
women, by Dr. L. H. Gulick, superin- 
tendent of physical training in the 
schools of Greater New York; physi- 
ological effects of basket ball, by 
Theodore Hough, Ph. D. ; significance c; 
basket ball for women, by Senda Bere 
son; relative merit of the Y. M. C. A. 
rules and women's rules, by Augusi )| 
Lane Patrick, director of physical train- 
ing, Montclair (N. J.) High School; A 

.' Plea for Basket Ball, by Julie Ellsbee 
Sullivan, Teachers' College, New York; 
diagram of field. Illustrated with many 
pictures of basket ball teams. Price 10