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Issued under the Sanction of the Archbishops of Canterbury^ 
Yorh, Armagh, and Dublin ; of the Primus of the Episcopal 
Church in Scotland; and of the Bishops of the English, Irish, 
and Scottish Churches. Also formally Sanctioned by the Lower 
House of Convocation of the Province of Canterbury, and 
published, under the Direction of a Representative Committee, 
by the Tract Committee of the Society for Promoting Christian 








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• ••• • 

• • 

• •• •' 

» • • • 

^6ietttai tmxmisttt 

Tn« VeKSrABLS G. H. SUMNER, D.D., Peolocutob of the Lov^ House of 

8oathem Convocation; 
Vert Rev. the Dean op YORK, Prolocutor of the Lower Ilouse of Northern 

Very Rev. the Dean of WORCESTER. 
Vert Rev. the Dean op EXETER. 
Vert Rev .the Dean op WINDSOR. 
YEN. J. HANNAH, Archdeacon Of Lewes. 
Ven. C. BURNEY, Archdeacon of Kingston-on-Thames. 
Vbn. J. W. BARDSLEY, Archdeacon of Liverpool. 

Rev. R. M. BLAKISTOK, Secretary to the Incorporated Church Building Society. 
Rev. Canon ERSKINE J. CLARKE, Vicar of Battexsea. 
Rev. G. H. CLAY, Rector of Aston. 
Rev. J. DUNCAN, Secretary to the National Soci^y. 
RKV. J. Q, DEED, Secretary to the Additional Curates Society. 
Rev. Canon H. H. DU BOULAY, Vicar of East Kewlyn. 
Rev. C. C. FBNN, Secretary to the Churoh Missionary Society. 
Rev. J. B. HARBORD, H.M. Chaplain of the Fleet. 
Yen. J. H. ILES, Archdeacon of Stafford. 
Ven. F. LEAR, Archdeacon of Sarum. 
Rev. E. McCLURE, Editorial Secretary to the Society for Promoting Christian 

Right Hon. Earl NELSON. 

Rev. W. H. GROVE, Secretary to the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. 
Rev. R. GREGORY, Canon of St. Panics. 

ReV. C. H. GRUNDY, Secretary to the Rochester Diooesan Society. 
RiG^ Hon. J. G. HUBBARD, M.P. 
Ven. J. A. HESSEY, Archdeacon of Jriddlescx. 
Mr. F. S. POWELL. MP. 

Mr. N. POWELL, Treasurer to the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. 
Mr. J. G. TALBOT, M.P. 
Rev. Prebendary TUCKER, Secretary to the Society for the Propagation of the 

Rev. J. TROUTBECK, Westminster. 
Bev. Canon TONGE, Vicar of Chorlton, Manchester. 
Rev. W. WILKS, Vicar of Shirley. 

Ven. Archdeacon EMERY. 

4StntotiaI Commtttcc. 

Ven. 3. A. HESSEY, Archdeacon of Middlesex. 
VeH. WILLIAM EMERY, Archdeacon of Ely. 
Ven. C. BURNEY, Archdeacon of Kingston-on-Thames. 
Rev. R. GREGORY, Canon of St. Paul's. 

Rev. EDMUND McCLURE, M.A., Editorial Secretary to the Society for Promoting 
Christian Knowledge. 


Ven. Archdeacon HANNAH. 


Rector of HertiDgfonlbur)', Hertford. 




Resolution pasbkd Febbuabt 16, 1882. 

' Tliafc this House has satisfaction in hearing that the Society for Promoting 
Christian Knowledge has ondertaken to publish the Official Teab-BooK of the 
Chubch of England, the design of which this House has already approved, and 
will be glad, through its Committees and otherwise, to g^ve such information and 
help as may assist in perfecting this desirable work.* 


Resolution passed Wednesday, Apbil 4, 1888 (in full Synod). 
The President laid upon the table the first volume of the Official Ybab-Book 
op <rHB Chubch of England. Resolution moved by the Bishop of Carlisle and 
seconded by the Prolocutor : * That this Convocation accepts with pleasure the first 
volume of the Official Yeab-Book of the Chubch of England, and trusts that 
the publication of so valuable a record of the work of the Church will be continued.' 
Agreed to nem. con. 



The Report drawn up by the Rev. Canon Morgan Woodward Jellett, M.A., LL.D., 
Rector of St. Peter*s, Dublin, and one of the Honorary Secretaries of the General 
Synod, has been submitted to us, and is here inserted with our sanction. 

December 1, 1884, PLUNKET, DUBLIN. 


The Bishops of the Episcopal Church of Scotland desife to etptesA to the Com* 
mittee of The Official Yeab-Book of the Chubch of England their approval 
of the design of the work, and their readiness to sanction an annual Official Report 
of the work of their Church in Scotland. 

October, 1883. Bishop of Moray and Ross, Primm. 




EXTBACT from the Journal of the House of Bishops, October 12 and 1$^ 1883. * thd 
Bishop of Louisiana offered the following Resolution, vis. i 

Be9olved^i)iQ House of Deputies concurring, '< That the Secretaiy of the House of 
Bishops, tod the Secretal^ of the House of Deputies, are hereby desi^iated 
and authorised to furnish from time to time, for thd OFFICIAL YMa1i« 
Book of the Chubch of England, information concerning the condition 
and progress of this Church." 

Which was adopted. 

< Message No. 15 was received from the House of DeputieSi tis. 

Betolred-^ThBA, the House of Deputies concurs in Message No« 11 from tht House 
of Bishops (as above).* 


Considerable prominence has been given of late to the 
neoessity and usefidness of publishing full and trustworthy 
records of Church work. 

The Committee directing the publication of this Book are 
encouraged to believe that it has tended in many ways not 
only to remove prejudice and disarm opposition on the part 
of those who may have hitherto formed misconceptions of the 
position and work of the Church, but also to stimulate zeal 
among those who desire her welfare and the extension of her 
influence over the national life. 

Though the arrangement is identical with that of former 
years, the Book has been thoroughly revised throughout, and 
to a very large extent re -written. 

It may be well briefly to call attention to the subjects 
which have been dealt with for the first time. 

With regard to Church Extension, a comprehensive 
review has been furnished of the growth of the Church in 
the diocese of Manchester during the last twenty-five years* 
For the same period summaries have been prepared, showing- 
in detail what efforts Churchmen have made for the spiritual 
and moral welfare of the people in the Towns of Sheffield^ 
Wolverhampton, Preston, Hastings, and Northampton. In 
each case the report has been prepared by those who had 
access to the materials for furnishing the required informa- 
tion ; and in Preston, as an instance of the care taken in 

vi 'preface. 

compiling these records, the Vicar was assisted by a statis- 
tical committee specially appointed for the purpose. 

Among other indications of the revival of spiritual life 
throughout the Church, it is not unimportant to emphasize 
the provision recently made in many quarters for bringing 
together the Laity engaged in the work of the Church for 
services of a devotional character ; accordingly we have fur- 
nished a short account of Retreats and Quiet Days for 
Church- workers . 

By the constitution of the House of Laymen the Church 
has now given wider scope for a practical share on the 
part of the Laity in the administration of Church affairs : 
the summary of the proceedings of this newly-formed body 
will be foimd following the records of the Southern House 
of Convocation. 

As the subject of Church Patronage has occupied so 
much attention in common with many other schemes of 
Church Reform, it has been thought well that some infor- 
mation should be furnished with regard to it. We have 
had communications with official persons in the sister 
Churches of Ireland, Scotland, and America, who have very 
kindly described the methods by which Church Patronage 
is regulated in each case. 

The most important work which we have ventured to 
undertake during the year is that of institutrug an inquiry 
from each separate parish of England and Wales upon 
various points connected with Church Organisation and 
Finance. The work was undertaken with the expressed 
approval of the Archbishops and Bishops, and has naturally 
involved very great labour and expense. La an undertaking 
so entirely novel it was not likely that we could expect to 
obtain the co-operation of all or to secure absolute complete- 

'deface. vii 

Hess ; the reeult of the inquiry, therefore, as it is published 
can only be said to indicate very generally the nature and 
extent of the work of the Church throughout the country, 
whilst the facts may be more perfectly represented in future 
years should it seem desirable to repeat such an inquiry. 

With regard to the records of work contained in this 
book which have previously appeared, we would only add 
that they have all been carefully reviewed, with the object of 
supplying omissions which have been pointed out. 

The Committee have again to thank those who have con- 
tributed to the completeness and value of this publication, by 
the assistance they have rendered to the Editor in placing 
information at his disposal. Though the Clergy generally 
have very readily responded to applications made to tliem, 
our gratitude is especially due to Prebendary Ainslie ; Revs. 
Canons Crosse, Tonge, Hughes, Wigram, and Jellett ; to 
the Revs. J. T. JefFcock, J. H. Rawdon, J. Hargrove, W. 
Odom, S. Darwin-Fox, C. F. Wright, E. McClure, J. Duncan, 
H. G. Dickson, N. Brady, G. H. Clay, J. Crabbe, E. P. 
Sketchley, W. Tatlock, U.S.A., the Chaplain-General of the 
Army, the Chaplain of the Fleet, Mr. G. A. Spottiswoode, 
and Mr. Eugene Stock. 

The Committee would desire specially to recognise the 
kind co-operation of the Rural Deans in the compilation of 
the statistical returns to which we have previously referred. 

To the Editors of Diocesan Calendars, to the Bisliops' 
Secretaries, and Registrars, the thanks of the Committee are 
also due. 

Whatever results may ultimately follow fi-om the effort 
of those who are leading the present agitation for its Dis 
establishment and Disendowment, it must be evident that a 
more complete accjuaintance with the work of the CVvwY«i\i \^ 

viii 'preface. 

ite Bereral departments will not only furnish an answer to 
the misrepresentations which are too commonly made, but 
will give encouragement and confidence to those who may 
be called upon to take part in the defence of the Church at 
any crisis she may have to pass through. 

It is sometimes urged that the cause of the Church is 
damaged by the publication of ^statistics, as they have often 
been misquoted or misinterpreted by those who are not 
finendly to us. We are not concerned to answer such an 
objection as this. Our object is simply to put before the 
people a full and faithful account of the Church's labours, so 
as to enable them to form an intelligent and right judgment 
as to the fairness and wisdom of the proposals which are 
made for weakening her influence throughout the land. 

Communications regarding errors and omissions, and 
suggestions for the extended usefulness of this work, should 
be addressed to the Honorary Editor, the Rev. Frederick 
Bumside, Rector of Hertingfordbury, Hertford. 

Note. — We regret that for want of space we are com- 
pelled to defer the publication of a revised Summary of the 
Constitution of Diocesan Conferences, which has been pre- 
pared with great labour by Archdeacon Maltby. For the 
same reason our report upon the subject of Parochial 
Councils is postponed. 


Sbnmnmt^ Cable at ^onttnti* 







Oboahisatioiib fob the Abbibtahcb of Casdidatbb • • . • • I 
Theological Collsgbb 3 





L Chubch Building and Extension ' . . 16 

n. Cathedbals and theib Sebvices 51 

in. Pabochial Wobk 62 

IV. Clebical and Lay Agencies 69 

- V. Pabocbial Missions 94 

VL Lay Beadebs 118 

VH. Guilds, Communicants* Unions 123 

Vd. Chbistian Evidences and Seculabism 128 

IX. Missions to Seamen and Emigbants 132 

X. The Fbee and Open Chubch Movement 143 

XL Tbmpebancb, Bescue, and Refobmatoby Work . . 145 


XTTT. Deaconesses and Nubsing Institutions 168 

XTV. Convalescent Homes and Cottage Hospitals .... 174 

XV. Clebgt Homes of Rest \^^ 



sonoy PAOS 

I. Elkmsntabt Kduoation 181 

U. Sunday Schools • ... 194 

m. HiOHEB Education .... 203 



I. Central Oboanisations 20$ 

U. Official Rbpobts of Colonial Bishops 231 

nL Missionabt Colleges and Studentship Associations . . 282 



I. Consecration of Bishops 288 

n. The Home and Colonial Episcopate 28» 



I. Choral Societies 295 

II. Church Bell-rinoino Unions 802 



L The Convocation of Canterbury 308 

The House of Laymen 322^ 

The Convocation op Tork 327 

n. Church Congress 334 

'HE. Official Summaries of Diocesan Conferences . . 337 

rv. The Central Council 361 

V. Episcopal Visitations .... 364 

VI. Clerical and Lay Conperencej^ 36^ 




I. The CnuRCH of Ireland ... 370 


II. The Episcopal Church in Scotland . , 391 
UL The Episcopal Church in America . • 4IS 

^onUnls. xi 




n. „ CHARITIBS 430 





I. Chubch Defence 44S 

IL Pabt.tamentaby 449 

Chbonolooical Bbcobd of Ev^ts 454 

Bbcbnt Chubch Litbbatube 462 



Ordinations, Confirmations, Grants of Ecclesiastical Commission, 
Queen Anne*s Bounty, Church Buildino and Restoration, New 
Districts, Societies* Incomes, Population, Parishes, Clebgt, 
Hospital Sunday, etc. etc 485 



The Bishop and Officebs of each Diocese 54^ 

The Univebsitibs, Pbincipals of Theological and Training Insti- 
tutions, ETC 616 

The Secbetabies, Boabd Meetings, etc., of Church Societies . . 623 

3di ^oni^nls. 





II. Regulations fob Ghubch Patbonage in Scotland, Ibeland, 

AND Amebica 65i 




Repobt of Oommittbb on Diaconate — 

(Presented to Conyocation of York) 14 


In Dioceses of Peterborough, Gloncesterand Bristol, Chester, and Liverpool, 
Truro, Lichfield, and Lincoln 8(M3 

Oathbdbal Commission (Abstract Report) 107 

HiGHEB Education— 

Reports of Diocesan Organisations to promote Extension of Biiddle Class 
Schools 196 

FoBBiGN Missions— 

Report of Sab-Committee 8.P.O. on * Special Funds * 232 

Growth of Colonial Episcopate 310 

Chttboh Congbbss— 

Historical Statement of its Progress from Commencement . . . 371 

Diocbsan Confbbenobs— 

Statement of their Constitution and Management 330 

TiTHS Rbdemptiok Tbust 629 

HiGHEB Education— 

Statistical Report upon Existing Middle Class Schools . . • .186 

Ohubch Building and Restobation, 1882— 

Detailed Report 546 

Hospital Sunday Statistics— 

For Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, Oxford, Lincoln, and other towns 692 

Fobbign Chaplains, List of 648 

DiooxsAN Funds— 

Their Constitution and Management ....••• • 680 

^onUtds. ziii 



Chuacu Eztbhsion — 

In Dioceses of Durham and Winchester. 15-22 


(List of) 130 

ExTKssiOH OF Home Epiboofatb^ 

Sonthwell and Bristol Bishoprics 255 


Given in detail (1868-1880) 481 

STATisncB OF Sunday ScnooLfi 498 

Hints fob Pabochial Missions 607 

Mission Litebatubb . 611 

Manuals fob Family Pbayxb, Confibm ation, and Holy Ck)]nnjNioN . 613 


Chubch Wobk in Laboe Towns— 

Barrow-in-FnmesB, Brighton, Rochdale 29-36 

The London Missions (1884-65). 89 

List of Chubch Institutes 425 

Chubch Defence Litebatxtbe 648 




In compliance wiUi a request frequently made, the Editor has endeavoured 
to represent in summarised form the leading facts of Church work 
and progress recorded in this volume. Though it is erident for Tarious 
reasons that it is impossible to follow this course with regard to the 
greater proportion of the matter of which these pages treat, yet further 
experience may possibly suggest some more perfect and comprehensive 
method of tabulation. 


Volnntaiy contribatioss devoted to the building, enlargement, and restoration 
of churches, endowment of districts, erection of parsonage-houses and schools in 
the following towns during the last 25 years :- - 

Bolton . • 
Bochdale • 
Nottingham . 



. 217.783 

. 290,000 


. 178,473 

. 93,070 


. 292,280 

. 252,790 


, \^^,^^ 

. 202,969 

Wolverhampton . 

. ^\Q,^^^ 

$]^oirf ^ttiitmdrics. 

OHUBOH KXTKHSIOJ.— Januiy to Deeomber, ItM. 

Summary of yolnntary offerings devoted to the building, restoration, and fnmidiing 
of dmrches, tiie endowment of benefices, the building of parsonage-houaet, and th» 
enlargement of burial grounds. 

Church building and restoration ..... £1,361^67 

Endowment of Benefices 
Burial grounds 



Note. — Grants received from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners and Queen Aane'a 
Bounty have been carefully excluded from this totaL 


Expenditure upon the fabric of Cathedrals from 1875-86 

(p. 612, T.B. 1886). 

OHUBCH BiniDDIg.—I. Building of Hew COiurehes. n. Boitoration of Churehoi. 







(pp. 516-517). 


Summary of new parishes constituted under the Church Building Acts from 
October 1868-October 1880. 

Act under which Distxlot comtituted 
Consolidated Obi^lries 
District Chapelries 
Particular Instricts 
Under Manchester Act 
Under New Parishes Act 

d No. of DistrioU 

Population serred 

221 . 


406 , 


25 . 


26 . 


162 . 


Totals 838 


(p. 532). 


In one year (from November 1885-November 1886) 801 Parochial Missions were 
held in London and the Provinces. In four years (&om November 1882>November 
1886) over 1,000 were held within the same area (p. 102). 


From a recent inquiry it has been found that there are 4,717 Permanent Mission 
Buildings, other than Parish and District Churches, in which services are systematically 
held, and providing accommodation for 843,272 (pp. 620-621). 


Voluntary contributions of Churchmen towards the* foundation of the new Sees of. 
Truro, St. Albans, Liverpool, Newcastle, Southwell, and Wakefield £446,398 18i. 5d, 

(p. 290). 


(1.) JTrom AdTent J885.Septemb8r 1886, 814 eMcUdatea weie admitUd to the 
OniiHr of Deacons. 

(S.) From 1872-1886, the figures are as follows :—10»426 Deacons ordained, k#., 

Oxford .... 8,024 Cambridge . 3,lff4 

Dublin .... 435 Durham ... 646 

Ibeologieal Colleges . 2J22 Literates • . • 646 

(p. 488). 


Ib 1886» Confirmations were held at 2,048 centres. Confirmed : Males, 82,667 ; 
females, 123,066 ; total, 205,763. 

Frcmi 1876-1886, Confirmations were held at 18,420 centres. Confirmed : Males, 
706,878; females, 1,066,492; total, 1,761,864 (p. 492). 

gLEMEJTAEY EDITCATIOH .—From 1882-1884. 

I. Yoluntarj contributions for maintenance of Schools 

(a) For Church Schools £1,746,321 11 7 

(b) For other and Board Schools . , • 461,723 9 2 

IL Accommodation provided for bj 

(a) Church Schools 7,373,941 

(d) Other and Board Schools .... 7,121,968 

lU. Ayerage attendance. 

(a) In Church Schools ....•• 4,802,093 
(d) In other and Board Schools . . • 4,969,670 

lY. Expenditure of the Church on Schools and Training 

CoUeges (1811-1886), ...... £29,968,224 

(p. 183>' 

HOSPITAL SinrPAY.— Metropoliton and Provincial (1878-1886). 

I. Contributions of Churchmen in 60,182 separate 

coUections £681,943 14 10 

n. Contribution of other bodies in 31,482 separate 

collections 297,039 5 11 

(p. 171), 


YEAB8, 1860-1884. 

Fob Church Extension, Home and Foreign Missions, elementary education, charitable 
institutions, and Clergy cliarities. 

This statement represents an endeavour on the part of the committee of the 
Official Yeae-Book to ascertain what has been contributed by members of the 
Church of England during the last quarter of a century to the various branches of 
Christian work indicated by the following summary. 

The statement may be accepted as perfectly accurate, inasmuch as the figures 
liave been tabulate<l from returns made by those officially representing the societies 
and institutions that have been severally dealt with. It will be seen, however, from 
the explanations appended that the statement is by no means an exhaustive repre- 
sentation of the Church's voluntary offerings within the given period, as it will be 
clear to all that it would be impossible to gather the sum of contributions flowing 
through private cliannels or devoted by Churchmen to 80cietiei<, institutious, and 
charities of a general and unsectarian character. 

■of tn< 

xvi ^^oxi Summaries. 

■--■-■■ , 


I. — ^Tlie Svmmary ii ineliiiiTe of and confioed to Societies and Institutions 
organised and administered by the Church of England alone. Eveiy cure has been 
taken to prevent any over-statement of facts. 'Balances carried forward* from 
previous years have, of course, been deducted from the return of the Annual Income 
in every instance, Dividends and Interest from the investment of legacies and such 
like voluntary offerings being included. 

With regard to the figures representing the expenditure upon Church building 
and restoration, the endowment of Benefices and the erection of Parsonage-houses, 
this total has been arrived at after a careful examination of Lord Hampton's return, 
the Parliamentary Reports of the Ecclesiastical Commission and Queen Anne*s Bounty, 
and with the practical experience of the Editor of the Year- Book, after a three 
years* systematic inquiry made throughout the Church in reference to this special 
branch of Church work. In arriving at the general result as it is given, deduction has 
been made of grants devoted from the funds of the several Church-building 
•and Extension Societies included under the third division of this Summary relating 
to Home Missions. 

n. The Summary ii exelusiTe— 

(1) Of certain diistinctive Church Societies, Institutions, and Charities, concerning 
which the Committee have, for the present, been unable, from various circumstances, 
to obtain information. 

^2) Of all contributions devoted to parochial purposes, such as the maintenance 
le Assistant-Clergy (over and above sums contributed to the Additional Curates* 
Society and Church Pastoral- Aid), Church Services, Institutions of a local character, 
the relief of the sick, and such like objects. 

(8) Of funds devoted to the founding and maintenance of Middle Class Schools. 

(4) Of all contributions devoted to societies and institutions distinctly unseo- 
tarian in their aim and. administration to which Churchmen give largely, such as the 
Bible Society, Beligious Tract Society, London City Mission ; also Orphan Asylums, 
Hospitals, Reformatories, and such like institutions as lay claim to general support. 
The institutions of a philanthropic description, included under Division VI. of this 
summary, being confined to* those organised and maintained by the Church. 

(6) ^e Sisterhoods of the Church (with very few exceptions) preferring to with- 
hold or unable to give the information, the return of their incomes can scarcely be 
•considered as embraced by this inquiry. 

It may be stated, for the satisfaction of those who may read and use these 
figures, that tiiey have been tabulated from a twenty-five years* return of income 
made by the secretaries or treasurers of at least 400 different societies and institu- 
tions, and tested throughout by an experienced actuary. 

^om these explanations' we may fairly conclude, that though it can be accurately 
asserted that Churchmen have within the last quarter of a century contributed over 
81,000,000^. to the several specified branches of Christian work at home and abroad, 
this sum cannot be said in any way to represent the fuU measure of the Church's 
voluntary offerings for the spiritual and social well-being of the nation. 

£ t. d, £ «. d, 

L Tkeologieal Sehooli and Education of 

Candidates for Holy Orders . . — 628,663 

H. Chureh Building and Beitoration, En- 
dowments of Benefices, Building of 
Parsonage Houses, and Enlargement of 
Burial Grounds. (All Grants from 
Church Societies and Corporations 
being excluded) — 36,175,000 

III. Home Misiioni— 

Bishops* Funds for Church Extension 1,066,064 
Church Extension Sodetiea . . 1,229,603 



$^oirf Summaries. 


Church Building Societies 
Societiesfor£mployiiientof Additional 


General Home Mission Societies 
Scripture Readers Societies. 
Seamen*s Missions 
Temperance Work 
Bztension of Home Episcopate. 

IV. Foreign 

Contributions raised through the 
agency of Societies in England for 
the Promotion of Foreign Missions, 
including Missionary oSlleges, Stu- 
dentship, Associations, &c. (Con- 
tributions locally raised abroad being 
excluded) ..... 


i. d. 

£ M. d. 










T. Elementmry Education — 

1. Building and Enlargement — 
(fl) Schools . . . , 
Xh) Colleges . . . . 

2. Maintenance — 
(fl) Schools 

(ft) Colleges ... 

3. Diocesan Inspection — 
Organisation of Schools, &c. 

Societies for the promotion of Educa 
tion by circulation of Literature and 
other agencies 

Church Institutes 



12,145,489 3 1 

367,317 14 8 

363,740 17 3 



VI. Chariuble Work (distinctly Church of England)— 

Nursing Institutions .... 193,752 

Deaconesses' Institutions . . . 118,948 
Cottage Hospitals and Convalescent 

Homes 968.936 

Orphanages and Sisterhoods . . 982,223 

Beformatories 395,187 

Penitentiaries 649,129 

Hospital Sunday, Metropolitan and 

Provincial 610,025 

VIL Clergy CharitiM— 

General and Diocesan • • 




Explanatory Note to Division V. 

L — No account has been taken of a large Toluntary contribution for the promo- 
tion of Higher Eduoation in the building and maintaining of middle-claas bcYiooVa. 

IL— The disbursements of the NationAl Society daring the peilod \ixidfti oou- 
Adoration are incladed in the above total. 

xviii ^^otl ^nmmavici. 

m.—The value of land given as school sites is not, as a rule, included in the 
above table. VarionB items of school and coll^fe income given in the returns from 
which the figrures have been taken, are also omitted, because it is doubtful how far 
such income has been derived from purely Church sources. Tlic actual total expen- 
diture of the Church on Elementary Education during the 25 years has probably 
considerably exceeded 22,000,0(X)Z. 


The following is a summary of the present division of tithe rent-charge accordinLC 
to the return of the Tithe Commission dated January 31, 1882 :— 

* Division I. 

£ s. d. 
Total Rent-charges payable to Clerical Appropriators 

and Lessees 678,987 I 1? 

Parochial Incumbents 2,412,708 9 11* 

±^3,091,695 11 li 

Division II. 

Lay Impropriators 766,233 6J 

Schools, colleges, kc 196,056 16 o| 

£962,289 16 7\ 

* This represents the proportion of Tithe appropriate to the maintenance of the Clergy. 

(|]^urcl^ ^oxk anb finance for 1885. xix 



Bt its eonstitotion, the Einsoopal Charch of America systematicaUy prorides ftor a triennial 
inqoiiy throughout the pariflhes qS.iiB eeTfinl Dioceses with a view to present in statistical 
flommaries the results of the whole woik of the C!hnrch, this being done, not for displav, but 
instruction. It is in predselj the same spirit and for a like object that tiie Committee of the 
Officiai* Tear-Book have recently instituted a similar inquiry throughout the parishes of 
England and Wales. Before entering upon this undertaking the proposal was submitted to the 
ju(%ment of the Archbisbofw and Bishops, who ezpxeesed their approval, and by letter (with 
<vne exception) urged its importance and invited the co-operation of the dlergy in their 
respective Dioceses. 

Accordingly a form of questions was sent to each Incumbent through the Rural Deans, and 
th e remilta of the replies received are contained in the tabular records which follow. 

T^Txper^SjmpletCTess m the tiw^ftor^^gaSe^uc^T5rt»tic^wonI^Te unreason" 

able ; and whilst the result, full of instruction and enoouragemcnt, represen 
wayTTiework the CEnrcriKM^cwmpIi»ESrirwTe5BuTToT>o^^ 

its in a general 

__■ ipli8bed,it ia needfu l to pointout one or two reasons why it 

TTbntafter all a partial review. 

1 . THie */orm of inquiry* ihough constructed with contiderable care and mbmitted to thejudg- 
mentof 9tvtnd praeticai men, hat yet evidently in §ome eatet been mitunfkrgtood, consequently 
kading m a wuaturt to iamperftct rtjolies, 

2. Though the co-operation of the Clergy has been far beyond what might have been expected, 
and at least SO per cent, have answered^ there are still many whOffor various reasons, have not 

3. In several cases no replies have been received in coneequence of the living being vacant, or 
because the Incumbent had so recently come into residence that he was unable to obtam the infor- 
tnaiiom asked for, 

I. Work. — In reference to the non-returning parishes, it will be seen from the Statistical 
Tables that the largest proiK)rtion is found in the Dioceses composed for the most part of acri- 
cnltural districts, where many of the parishes are exceedingly small ; and yet, on the otner 
hand, in some of the more densely populated dioceses a considerable number of important 
pari^thes are unrepresented, and consequently affect to a proportionate degree the figures 
relating to Baptisms, Communicants, Church accommodation, Sunday Schools, voIuntar>^ 
omtributions, and more or less to other branches of Church work we have specified. 

II. Finance. — As to voluntary contributions, it will be noticed that in the case of the fol- 
lowing Diocese*, viz. Canterbury' York, Winchester, (Chester, Exeter, and Truro, the figures 
are given in a form distinct from that wc have adopted, the reason being that, as each of these 
Dioceses had previously created its own machinery for obtaining these restilts, it not only 
sremed unwise to publish two independent sets of figures, but unfair to put the Clergy to this 
double trouble. We have, therefore, published the figures as they were presented to the 
i^veral Dirx;esan Conferences ; still, we may point out this disadvantage, that, as the method 
and scof>c of the inquiry are scarcely identical in any one instance, we have been unable to 
present onr statement with the uniformity wc could have wished. 

Dealing with purelv voluntary ofierings, we were careful to state in our form of inquirv 
that all funds derived from such sources as the Ecclesiastical Commission and Queen Anne's 
B4iimty should be excluded ; and for the same reason, in calculating the offerings of the Church 
for the supjiort of the iKx>r through parochial clubs, all payments made by depositors were 
not to be taken into account 

In forming any opinion upon the totals of voluntary contributions it should be remembered 
that the year 1885 was one of very exoei)tional depresnion in every department of commerce 
and agriculture. 

In conclusion, we are fully sensible of the great labour this inquirj' has imposed upon the 
Rural Deans and a large number of the Parochial Clergy, and would, therefore^ take this 
opportunity of acknowlcdjjfing the coui^tc^y and kindness with which thej* have responded. 
We now venture to commend our work to general attention, in the hope that it may be found 
useful in manv ways in leading Churchmen on the one hand to take courage froni her \nc- 
«7ess, and on tliie otiier to self-examination as to the great opportunities of spiritual'work and 
benevolence within her reach, which she may yet improve. 

I. Work. 








! BiptUmi 


Oboreli Ao- 













Cuterborr . 



Mo!lJA»| »81 

17,148 81.907 


0,9t3,!9,M4 H,MB 





York. . . . 


«JM3«, m 

14,757 -48,718 


1S.7W 17.871 ' !0,W1 





IJjQdn. . . 


ill 48,911 I.OM 

84,888 ISO.SBS 







DDThim . . 


aJS 1»,117 18» 

!l,83l 11,0«1 


,,» >M» »,» 





WlaehHkr . 

M7370 ,Hi 

417!lI,61B| 140 

W.IM «*Mf 


10488 ,19,984 11,080 





EWWtr . . . 


1»^ IJHO a3 1(.,UMJ 7,si; 







«i,ros 491 

«*'"■"■ "ItWI. J7,«7 


8,184.11,048 la,»0» 





Ou-llili . . . 

1^1. Jm 

.«,.,4.. Jmn\,7.m 


8,778 H,7W 14.189 





ni«t<r. . . 


tOBtoMi i77|ie,m ».,7.i 


6,98!|ie,4M 17.870 





ChkbfflMr . . 


U8 8.m .78,l..88!41.4« 

OS,0« 7,893 U.B7I| 18.480 





By ... . 


4M r^lg 338 

rw j a»,7ii 

11,888 5.948 'ia.73! 1«,805 





EicWt . . . 

«0J.»1I »0S 

»1 8,».j .40 

t»,tn ■<«,«» 

«4,WS 8^88 14,787 ISJ07 






e9S,9S3 «« 

.» 1>^H 4» 

41.018 88,471 

11.084 10,817 11.808! a3.S!I 





!».«» »> 

m, 4,0.4 4. 

18,888 M,l*4 


8,016 j 6.M8 8,418 





UobttU . . 



.8,88. M,74B 


11,87» 88,437 H.t» 





UOOOlD. . . 



484 ' 7,881. m 

18,0*7 M,0«R 


6334|l8,7»0 11,8)1 





UTffpOOl . . 



1.1 *M« « 

n,l8g. 48,888 





8,039 7,003 


UukUS . . 



1»,91» 11419 


1,879 I1.888 



1,188 1 1.681 


MuialiwtFr . 



47t U.ltl 873 

84.880 IS9,B!J 


86,878 88.869 



«,969 16.919 S0,«| 

Vt^«Mlf . . 



18> ' ejw 





B,BO4 10,»»9 






Norwich . . 



748 tl,Mfl 





7,804 81,140 






(Word . . . 



878 i«,n« 





10,4*9 M,109 








61» 11.484 





I1J98 90,687 






R5pa> . . . 














B«]|i«tar . . 















SLAIbua . . 













St.A«i>h . . 













SLDiTbr*, . 
















S4U.tmrT . . 
















SoothwoU . , 
















TtnM . . . 














Vonaur . . 

















M 1 1.11S 












TotmlM. . ./ 





. " 







■oto.— TUiUU*M 

'i Tf:iii|.erauce 
Xo. . Bnu.cti 


5 ■ J5 

Institutes aiul S<<cial 
Xn. of MenilKTM 

I. Work. 

I Clioln, 

Ka of Members 

Lay Rtadew E A J- §S £'. . . 

or Scripture 5|| lilt >wtri<^' 

ReaUeis ^^ § 5;; «j^ \iritort 

_1_ ._v ** 

3 5 r= 



1*/T gj?lit 6,597 2.241 
X^ 'lJ.010 7,124 1.471 

.= X ■ St ^ fc£ 

I Male 


Li- i Uuli- 


til I ! ' ■- U f^ 2 

^ fi Vol. Paid VoL •= --» "5 "c . -a 

•S 2 

I I 




2.87k 7.726 

2* ',375 4,96(J 923 1^3 



J^72 4.638 7,7HC , 26.363 ' 6,848 W6 12,003 52 is' 12. C6 

pr ]|,03o J4.448 22,797 5,0('5 i,732,»,417 I3,2r.9 , 70,287 
t I ■ I 


UrC 17.434 8.493 1,49.'$ 


t^» 13,T»4 9,4 !HJ 2.352 

.',442 3,871 f.:]5()! 31,321 

43' 38 C 821 21 26 4 
21 48 3 
123 11« 47 

i 194 7(M) 335 ; 150 

r.W» ■ 7,425 4.372 1,S6I 

V Ute 12.038 6.863 1,191 

l,l» 1^.121 2,998 1.373 

■ a,2« 5.621 /i.en 1.24^ 

ttj L»l 3.606 2.338 1.167 

■i 1^1 7.125 i 5.1931.313 

n. JL078 "nxtri" 6.1.11 1,291 

i ■■ I 

Cll 1.7(1 981 457 

ff A^l 12.£f:-'i 6.'«71 1.30:. 

n 7:-.8 3.717 2.507 881' 

675 ;o,356 6,866 
. - , 616 ' 86 
532 1J<62 3,323 

372 3.177 2,967 

446 1,954 3.375 

317 3,545 8,18.S 

237 4,l(i« 4,lCu 

. '11 

7,506 2,279 1 1,407 72: 181 116 431 

4,528. 218 .1,769 j 19, 36 11 I27| 14 2 

-.6.526, 5,616 1,119 1,447 62, 35 10 27 

800 1,670 78 1.083 9 14 2' 9 

i I I > I ! 

5,448, 3,556, 462(1,705 36 17 4 6u 

I ! I I I ! • 

10,842 2,551 195,1,915 6, 3 4 92 

I ' ' 

24 lU 1 76 

10 12' 7 

3 - — 

9 5' — 6 

25 1 - ' — 

10 \ 67 ' 1,785 1 

18-21 2J<25 3^ 

I I 
43 -m 4,478 5 

7 I 22 1,622 

16 I 4(»' 1,810 12 

— I — . 92 - 


13 8 1 

I<>,711 3.232 435.1.052 

H,H5« 4,114 1,H»3, 990' 26- 6 11 7! lO 26 2 

11,189' 5.197' 473 2.4S9'HH«' 15 1 34 


2,132 3.734 

749:3,234 5,Ui3 

I I 

70 906 1.124 

l.»;-.iS 3,399 5,454 

'>H\ 2..'WH 4,36o 

I, -! 

124199 3,073 I 734 1,456 117 45 fi 33 

I ' 


4 - 

< - 

16,064 6,811 437 1 1,767 

2,430 2,365' 290 -1,213 

I . ' 

26.622 6.1 lu 495 ,1,183 

62 2(1 15, 22' 31 13 

■■',!' I 

44i »» 1 26! 1 1 — 

12.1 II 9 99 20 10 5. 

7.r,8l , 4,212 H'3 -^,193 Uf l- I 42, 5 3 1 

II ' 

• 2Mr l«.:Mr. l».,2«fi l.f-r:! ■ 5^^ l.Wt4 5.044 15,214 2.906 626 917, 97 b': II 92' 36 5 3 4 46 1.477- 


r;^^ 1.7Sti 1.6fi8 :i?:4 , cO^ 3,J?6.") l.MO^ 5.521 3,012 42 ii,946 17 19 7 35| 3 7- ' 
e.Oll .•51,7r6 17,19^ 5.78.-- l,o?S 7.234 16.114. 43,795 10,199 774 '3,241 ! 177 2a 14 207' 40 8' 7' 


I ! 



» 3.1 5-* 

» 4.73 • 

5,716 4,'Jli0 32S r.7«'2.49-' 2,"84 , 7,54 T 2,324 ' 283 l,Ki9 5' 19 6 97j 9— 4 

' I I I ■ ■ , ' ' 

.V>2!4,358 8J51l| H.lWh 5.532 872 4,2^8 207 3 — ' 61| 32 11. 1 

' i, 

4.5i;u 2.973 l.'JS? 

11,C22 fi.905 2 73.H 

fl.tlfi 3/<.-l 1.373 

I4.i««> C.225 1.571 



^,^0P ^«J>I1| 14.10<»i 5.5.»2 P«- 4,*jyt-U7 o — oil dS il. i 

i I i I ■ ■ ' 

5.415 7,096 1 22,,T52 7,0^2 755 ' 1.953' 62 6 1 26| 10 52 — 

I ' ' I ' ' . ' 

4.740 5.525 j 21,384 •',.747 420 2,532 1 72 64 6' 61 7 3- 1 

.107 '5,415 7 J 

3,492 :4.5S9 10.614 I 3 1.W6 S,»;72 8«7 1,751; 73' 62 15 153 




17 1,015 

5 916- 

23 996- 


30 1,178 £ 

5 ' 033 14 

28 1,029- 

36 I 1,128 7 
7 460- 

21 . 1,702 1 

6 951- 



44 4,002 3 

I I 

13 I 680 - 

28 17 3 

19IU.98 2 

I I 

16 '1,483 - 

23 j 1,256 6 

U f>10 

i: 2-;; 

12 et;r. 

K- L>:1 

«7 3.348 

16 8>.0 

15 16 0,284 1 

I . - ■ I ■ I I ' 

7 l*.6:«3 9.ri:;3 1.93»; 2,918 5.711 7,496 1 n.218 5.611 l.« 75 l.f^Wl 1 36.104 26 901 42 51 8 24 1114 2,754 7 

I I , ' I I I . ' 

706 '3,476 7,12t»" 18.M30 .-.C7<' 6iy .1,621 | 75 6 5 46 14 12 3 15 j 34' 1,258 2* 

6.»»i 2,i;''7 I.29*-; 

>t| €5 115 

•-.«-"l 2,';27 232 

- 2:M 4.>*o." 1.:».'.<J 

9.t»fil 3.»:k1 92:j 

72«J 321 


1.5:>8 l.;527 119 ^U 11 --,— 12; 2 6— — 

470 3.»n;8 3,031 2.892 ■1.5«!^ k2 3.525 1 7, li— 77 6- , — 

i III' 

y,S26 4.238 j 7.156 4,275 278 1,937 07 7i 4 16| 2 6 5 


















3 I 407 - 


•.'..'■06 3.712 5.244 I8,4i7 6.or»? 377 1.505 .ll^ 4.'/ 7 93' 33 3, », 

;!.1'V, 2.»m4 52f 710 1,283 2,112 5.013 2,ik;1' 152 l.osO . 57 40 3 I7' 

^ J.^.-O 10.1:5 f..l.1!» 1,117 136 

1J56 185 44 


3 1 IS 782' 1 

5 I 18 ; 1.946 ^ 

I I 

, 9 539- 


■1.661 6.136 22,434 h,2'A 1,196.1.497 .•'l' 1 8 109 10 13 -1 

266 lo . 242 2 - 


19 40 l,9.-)3 .11. 

I I 

2 94 ■ 




-H ■ I. 

T o 

I- ti 



I O " 

' I- I Ct 

^ at 




11 ' »C Z »ft t"5 ■» 

Ci n \n cs «• ^ 


MiviM^a^d wi*.; *«*»• *Airdp««graph on page xixT 

xxii ^^urcl^ ^orfe anb "^ixxancc for 1885. 

Explanation op the Following Summary. 

With regard to the sums included in this table it should be remembered that in 
the following respects they only partially represent the offerings of Churchmen for 
the specified year : 

I. The tables include only such contributions as were paid through parocliial 
organisations, as for obvious reasons it was impossible to record the sums paid by 
individuals direct to central societies.^ 

II. The tables do not include contributions of Churchmen to the building and 
general maintenance of schools, this item being purposely excluded because it was 
felt that the returns made to the Education Department fairly, though not ex- 
haustively, represent the amount raised by Churchmen for this object. 

III. That though about 80 per cent, of the parishes in England and Wales have 
replied, in many cases the voluntary offerings were entirely unrecorded, or were but 
partially returned, whilst the amount which the 20 per cent, of unreturning parishes 
would represent has yet to be accounted for. 













Church Ex- 



For the 

Support of 

the Poor 









£ s. a. 

£ «. d. 

£ 9. d. 

£ s. 

d. £ $. 



36,146 U 3. '98,904 

30,409 1 7 '25,666 6 

10 100.916 16 



Durham . 

6,81i 7 8-20,307 4 2 

1.954 4 6 ! 2,834 13 


7.112 2 




2,924 10 1 1 3,346 10 11 

1,071 11 6 463 1 


1,600 13 



Bath and WolU 

4,510 14 10 

12,714 12 3 

2,696 4 3 

4,790 6 


11,954 9 




5.058 14 11 

13,248 19 9 

2,361 8 7 

3,691 9 

8 6,286 5 




12,236 17 6 

24,481 8 11 

5,612 3 1 8,651 11 

1 83,324 4 


91, 6(H) 

Ely . 

6,215 11 8 

14,042 12 2 

2.215 14 10 i 4,083 18 

6 11,462 13 



Glo'stcr and Bristol . 

10,819 17 10 25,698 7 9 

6,149 14 9 

8.106 15 

10 1J),867 6 



Hereford . 

2,413 6,622 12 11 

1,422 13 4 

2,175 1 

6 6,809 7 



Llchflcld . 

11,209 13 3 31,616 9 8 

7,290 18 9 

5,631 6 

3| 17,073 14 




5,977 10 

12,084 10 7 

1,A66 9 11 


6i 9.K42 17 



Liverpool . 

12,606 18 7 

30.594 16 11 

7,161 8 6 5,667 11 

9 18,646 11 



LlandafF . 

4,422 16 8 8,112 12 7 

2,060 8 8 908 3 

1 4,127 7 




22,724 73,762 6 S 

9,810 18 8 10,<W7 14 

8 19,091 9 



Newcastle . 

7,119 15 10:12,516 2 9 

8,816 16 

1,885 13 

11 1 4,617 8 



Norwich . 

8,635 11 5 1 17,213 5 4 

3,597 13 3 

9,198 17 

3i 18,812 9 




10,056 17 7 21.206 6 2 

8,740 vr 

7,090 1 

8 24,150 16 



Peterborough . 

7.346 13 4 18.838 1 9 

8,326 11 4 4.289 12 

14,243 2 




19,789 4 9 51.287 8 11 

9,629 4 4 7.9^11 8 

10 1 12,825 



Rochester . 

20,136 7 11 51,974 2 2 

13,246 9 9 ; 9,179 15 

8 3fi,643 13 



St. Albnus . 

10.656 3 7 23.968 12 2 

6,013 16 11 6,097 9 

2 i 19,942 17 



St. Asaph . 

2,369 71 3,316 11 2 

1,578 11 3 792 8 

9 2,(K)9 17 



1 St.Darid's. 

3.484 7 2 9.139 14 6 

2,389 4 1 ],3(H 14 

0: ,3,902 6 



1 Salisbury . 

7,676 8 9 12,188 19 7 2,785 10 

3.8«8 4 

7| 13,736 15 



Southwell . 

12,323 19 2 '25,248 3 8 ! 4.528 1 3 

7,093 19 

3. 11.593 14 



Worceater . 

18,728 1 5 

34,658 2 3 

6,601 5 11 

7,026 1 

6 19,080 18 



Soilor and Man . . ; 

836 17 

1,220 6 6 364 5 71 

821 16 


2,425 2 



* This will explain the smallnces of the contributions for Home and Foreign Missions as compared 
with the amounts devoted to other objects. 

^f)uxclf iSorfe anb finance for 1885. xxiii 

n.— FINANCK (B). 


179,678 12 11 


£ «. d, 
L Chxtrch asd Pahochial 
for AjBBistant Clergj, Lay 
Helpers, Church Fabric, 
Church Sorrices, Day 
Schools, Punday Schools, 
Sick and Poor, and Clubs 
ani Sundries 

IL DiocB8AKPrRP08Ka,<.*., con- 
tributions to Diocesan Socie- 
ties for Education, Church 
Building, Clergy Belief, 
Clerical Education, Tem- 
perance Work 8,770 16 8 

IIL GKjuKRALPrRPOflBfl,*.*., con- 
tributions for Hospitals, 
Home and Foreign Misrions, 
and sundry other branches 
of Church Work .... 

24,676 19 

208,021 8 7 

KuTE.— 889 RfturiiB were made out of 447 
Parishes and Districts. 



I. DiocESAK Curncii Wokk . 1,408 
IL Chluch Home WoiiK. . . 6,835 

III. FuhKius Work 10.690 12 

IV. C*)MBJSED Work .... 1,»70 17 


ClIARITlKS 5,620 8 1 

VL Lo<.'AL Contributions, i.r., 
expenditure for Church 
Building. Restoration, Ser- 
Tices, AsRiftant Clergy, Day 
and Sunday Schools . . . 




132,768 3 9 

158,199 4 1 

NOTK.--668 Returns were made out of 630 
Parishes and Districts. 



£ *, d, 
L PAROCHiAL,i.A,contribution8 
for Assistant Clergj-, Church 
Building and Restoration, 
Charch Services, Sick Poor, 
flLud aube 148,562 10 2 

n, DIOCK8AN 8ociETiE8,<>'., con- 
tributions to Diocfsan Socie- 
ties for Btlucation, Church 
Building, Clergy Charities, 

HoitpitaU, Iw 8,462 2 

IIL Gkxkral. U., contributions 
to Home and Foreign Mis- 
sions, HotipitaI«, and sundry 
other branches of Church 
Work 21,802 2 8 

178,807 2 



£ M. d, 

I. Church Building and Rk- 

STORATION 24,787 4 2 

IL "Repairs TO Churciucs, Ac. 8,647 2 11 
IIL Annual Exi^enses . . . 26,249 
IV. Education 21,277 19 

V. CUARITIEH AND Ml8.<tION8 . 36,029 19 9 

116,891 6 10 



£ i. a. 

I. PAROi'HiAL,/.r.,contribution8 
for Assistant Clergy ,Chnrcti 
Building and Restoration, 
Church Services, Sick Poor, 
andClabs 106,681 15 9 

IL DiooKSAN Societies, !>., con- 
tributions to Diocesan Socie- 
ties for Education, Church 
Building, Clergy Cliarities, 
HoBpita.B,&c 6,107 17 i 

IIL Church Societies. i>., con- 
tributions to Homo and 
Foreign Missions, Hospitals, 
and sundry other branches 
of Church Work .... 9,.324 6 I 

121,113 19 2 

Note.— 448 Returns were ma<le out of 668 
Parishes and Chapelries. 



NoTB.— 863 Returns were made out of 638 
ParlikhtB and Chapelries. 

I. Parochial, «.^.,contribntions 
for Assistant Clergy, Church 
Building and Restoration, 
Church Services, Sick Poor, 
and Clubs 39,046 

II. D10CE.SAN Sociktiks, i.*,con- 
tributionsto Diocesan Socie- 
tiei for Education, Church 
Building, Clergy Charities, 
Hospitals, &c 3,216 

III. Church Societieh, /.#•., con- 
tributions to Home and 
Foreign Mifisions, Hospitals 
and simdry other branches 
of Church Work .... 

t. d. 


Note.— 216 Returns were marie out of 249 
Parishes and Chapelries. 

xxiv ^^utcf) iSorfe anb finance for 1885. 

Including the Items specified fob each Diocese undee Divisions L, IL, 
III., IV., GIVEN IN Table II. (a), and also the Totals in II. (b.) 


£ i. d. 

General Church Work as given in Table II. . . 3,919,668 12 10 
Theological Schools and Education of Candidates for 

Holy Orders 16,231 

Public Schools Missions 10,076 

Education, from Department Returns .... 1,058,060 

Total for the Tear 1885 5,003,936 6 2 









£ «. d. 





Llandaff . 

33,280 1 9 . 






268,266 8 5 

London . 





87,190 16 4 

Durham . 



Norwich . 

60,860 10 8 




Oxford . 

104,713 18 10 

Bangor . 




I'eterborough . 

105,274 1 2 

Bath and Wells 





1 185,888 2 3 

Carlisle . 





231,996 9 

Chester . 




St. Alban's 

133,801 18 6 





St. Asaph 

15,787 9 3 

Ely . 




St. David's . 

36,836 6 9 

Exeter . 





74,303 18 9 

Gloucester '(^ 
& Bristol / • 




Sodor and Man 

6,630 7 1 


116,694 17 1 

Hereford . 






Lich6eld . 





190,375 9 10 

Lincoln . 





3,919,668 12 10 

Note.— In the ca«e of the return of voluntary contributions made for the Diooefles 
of Canterbury, York, Winchester, Chester, Exeter, and Truro, as given in Table II (B)., 
funds devoted to the building and maintenance of schools have been included, but as 
such a proportion of the total sum thus included would bear no comparison 
to the sum which the 20 per cent, of unreturning parishes would represent, the total 
of 5,003,936/. 5«. 2i. may fairly be allowed to stand as it is. 

• » 

\ . 

( : 



^x^ioxxcal ^ccorbs. 


^'x^torxcal ^ccorbs. 

2 ^ietxcai ^bucation |li5 Societies. 

ordination, 44 have been withdrawn, and the remaining 25 arc satisfactoiilj 
pursuing their c<Iucation. 

Whilst recognising tlic value of Theological Colleges, t)ie special object of 
the fund is to secure for tlic applicant a University training. The income in 
1885 amounted to 1,044/. \7s. Sd. 

All communications Rhonld be addressed to the Be7. J. G. Deed, 
Arundel House, Victoria Embankment, W.C. 


Founded in 1876. Applicants complying with the conditions of the com* 
mittee are examined by three of its members; when accepted they enter one 
of the Universities or a Theologic^il College. Since its foundation 308 candi- 
dates have been assisted, and during last year 51 received grants. At prcfient 
G are being e<lucatcd at Oxfoixl, 14 at Cambridge, and 31 at Theological 
Colleges. The sum of 2,iJ42/. was spent in grants during the year 1885. 

All communications should be made to the 'Rev, S. Dyson, D.D., 
College House, College Street, Islington, London. 


Established in 1838 to aid ri'sid(?nt studonts for Iluly Onlers in unforeseen 
difficulties. Candidates arc required to have passed the * Previous Kxamuiation' 
before making their application. Since 1838, over 220 cases have been assisted. 

The following are conditions for receiving a grant: 1. All applications to 
be made through the college tutor. 2. Assistance is only given to bond fids 
candidates for Holy Orders. The Din^ctors of the Society are composed of 
several heads of Colleges and College tutors. 

Preliminary application should be made to the Rev. E. Hill, St. John's 
College, Cambridge. 


This Society dat(.»s l>ack as f«r a< the year 1777, when a body of clergy 
formed the design of endeavouring to assist suitable candidates for Holy Ordecf, 
but who were lacking suflicicnt means to meet the expenses of their education. 
Since the foundation of the Society 3y0 students at least liave received assist- 
ance, and during the last year sixteen candidjites shared its help. There arc at 
present about fourteen students at Oxfonl and Cambridge. The grants are 
contined to some college in Oxford <»r Cambridge, and, as a greneral rule, 
they do not exceetl 40/. a year, and mu>t be met by 60/. contributed from 
private or other sources. 

All communications should be addressed to Rev. Canon Grosthwaite, 
The Vicarage, Knarcsborough. 


Instituted in 1795 to educate candidates of Evangelical principles for Holy 
Orders. During the year 1885 seven new pensioners have been added to the 
Society's list. 

More than three hundred and sixty students have been assistetl since the 
commencement of this Society. 

All communications should be addressed to the Rey. P. A. Phelpti 
29 Berkeley Square, Bristol. 


The following short records present some idea of the ezistiDg ma* 
chinery in the specified Dioceses for giving assistance to thoao who 
would offer themselves as candidates for Holy Orders. There are 

§ievical ^bucaiion |li5 Societies. 

doubtless, however, many private efforts made in other Dioceses to 
acfx>mpli8h the same end. 


The Canterbury Clerical Education Fund was formed an the result of a 
resolution passed at the Diocesan Conference in the year 1877. The object of 
the Fund is to contribute towards the education of candidates for Holy Orderq 
resident in or connected with the Diocese of Canterbury, whose private means 
arc insufficient for the purpose, but who may be recommended to the com* 
mittee as thoroughly deserving of assistance. During the years 1884-85 two 
annual grants only have been made. Of thirteen grants made since the founda- 
tion of the Fund, nine have been paid off, and three of the receivers of them 
have been ordained in the Diocese. Applications have been often refused for 
want of sufficient funds. 

All commnnications to be addressed to Rev. Canon Moore, The Oaks, 
Faversham ; or Rev. Canon Rontledge, St. Martin's Vicarage, Canterbury. 


Tlie committee of the Clerical Training Fund has been in existence since 
the Diocesan Conference of 1874, and has given help to twenty-three young men. 
Of these, twelve are now in Holy Onlers, two holding livings in the Diocese. The 
Fund is only intended for those who belong to the Diocese, and for those who 
arc going to one of the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, or Durham. Each 
case is taken on its own merits, and such assistance given as the Committee 
think is require<l. 

Communications should be addressed to the Ven. Archdeacon Pres- 
cott, The Abbey, Carlisle. 


The Exeter Theological Students' Fund is a provision made by the late Bishop 
Phillpotts, and arises from a gift contributc<l by hiui which lias accumulated to 
the capital sum of 14,800/. The Fund is administered by the Dean and Chapter, 
who, aiter examination, awarrl grants of 50/. a year to graduates or literates, who 
desire to pursue their theological studies at the Universities after having taken 
the degree of B.A. ; the candidates undertaking to present themselves for Ordina- 
tion, and to serve for two years at least in the Diocese of Exeter or Truro. 

This fund has been further augmented by the sum of 5,000/. bequeathed by 
the late Dean of Exeter. 

Communications should be addressed to the Ven. the Archdeacon of 
Exeter, Sowton Rectory. 


As in previous years we have presented detailed information respecting 
the general routine of study and training in our Theological Schools, 
it is not thought necessary to treat the subject at any length again, but a 
summarised statement of their constitution and working is subjoined. 


This work has been recently undertaken with a view to provide the advantages 
of Religious Instruction in a Church House for such of the North Wales College 
Students as may wish for it. Opportunities are afforded for Parochial work. 

B 2 

^^6o(<)gicaI ^oiUq^$. 

Niineof College 

St Bees 

Chichester Theolo'fical 


WelU Theological Col- 

Si. Aidants Theological 
College, Birkenhead 

Caddesdon Theological 

Lichfield Theological 

Salisbury Theological 

London College of 
Divinity ( Highbur}') 

Gloucester Theological 

Lincoln Theological 

Ely Theological Col- 

Leeds Clergy School 

Truro Theological Col- 

Wydiffe Hall,* Oxford 

Ridley Hall, Cam- 

Date of 














I 4 




\o College building». 
Students reside in 
licensed lodgings 

Xo College buildings. 
Students reside in 

Lodgings for 30 stu- 

For 60 in College. 
Married students 
resile in the town 


For 28 in College 
Others reside in 



Students reside in 
licensed lodgings^ 

For 30 students in 
B)shop*s Hostel 


20 resident students 

10 students in Hostel 



Number of 
Students -\^l- 
iiiittc'l from 

No return 



800 (about) 




Xo return 






70 Resident, 
lOu Non- 

Nujnbcr pre- 

vioa-ily taking 



Xo return 

At prosj^nt 

Xo retun 


All except 36 

The College is 
chieflv for those 
who c!o not take 
a degree 



Xo return 


All except 5 


or Resident, all 
but 4 


JTo^.'—TJis MlBMioaary Colleges will be found noted In the section of this book dealing with Foreign Hiasio 

^^cological ^oUeqes. 


per teroQ. 
B Idk to 24«. 

cr annam 

er aooum 
r term 


71L I. Non- 
It, 10/. lOff. 

ige, I. & II. 
rann. or 30/. 
m. In lodg- 
SOI. per term. 


70/. per an- 
80/. for non- 
it ftudenu 
term, 3 terms 


xr term. II. 
tt. for Board 

general ter- 
ftarge. 100/. 

per teiuij 4 
Board at ]/. 
?k; Lodging 
9L per term 
erm. Lodg- 
Uoitel 18/. 


Arerage length of 
Basidenoe required 

Two^-ears, except by 
dispensation from a 
Bishop. Graduates 
enter for the 2nd jeai 

For Xon-Gradnates 
two years. For Gra- 
duates one year 

For Non-Graduates 
two years. For Gra- 
duates one rear 

Six tenns 

Four terms 

For Non-Graduates 
two years. For 
Graduates one year 

Graduates, one year. 
Non-Graduates, two 

Three years, with 
special exceptions 

Graduates, one year. 
Non-Graduates, two 

i Graduates, one year. 
Xon-Graduates, two 
' years 
One year 

Graduates, one j^car. 
Non-Graduates ad- 
mitted in xery ex- 
ceptional cases 

Non-Graduates, two 
years. Graduates, 
two or three terms 

A year 

24/. Cf. per j Average, 2 J terms 


Total Amount 


Contributed in 

1886, from 
Coll. Fund to 
assist Stndeutf 

Number of 



arailable, and 

Amount of 


No return 


112/. IDs. 




given to 
Ao funds so 

Two of 20/. 

40/. per an- 
num dis- 
tributed in 

Two or three 
of 50/. each 



about four 

Four of 40/. 
per annum 


No funds 60 One of 30/. 
available I l>er annum 

300/. (about) 



Surli as.sis- 1 
tancc is i 
given i»ri- , 
vately, but 
not re- 

Four of 40/. 

Help is 
given, but 
no sum 

One of CO/. 

One or some- 
times two 
of 30/. 


Teaching 8taif 

Rev. Canon Knowles, M.A., Prin- 
cipal ; Rev. J. Smallpdce, M.A.; 
Rev. J. F. Welsh, M. A. 

Rev. Canon W. Awdrj', M.A., 
Principal ; Rev. Prebendary J. 
S. Teulon, M.A., Vice-Princi- 
pal ; Rev. II.Housman,A.K.C. 

Rev. Prebendary Gibson. M.A., 
Principal ; Rev. J. D. M. 
Murray, M.A., Vice-Prindpal ; 
Rev. A. Coode, M.A., Chaplain 

Rev. Canon V^. S. Smith, B.D., 
Principal ; Rev. J. T. Kings- 
mill, B.D.,Vice-Principal ; Rev. 
H. W. Crozier, B.A., Tutor 

Rev. W. M. G. Ducat, M.A., 
Principal ; Rev. R. L. Ottlej, 
M.A., Vice-Principal ; Rev. A. 
Brook, M. A., Chaplain 

Rev. H. Burrows - Southwell, 
M.A^ Principal; Rev. E. E. 
Harding, M. A., Vice-Prindpal 

Rev. B. Whitefoord, M.A., Prin- 
cipal; Rev. G. II. Fowler. M.A., 
V ice- Principal; Rev. L. K. Hil- 
ton, M.A., Tutor 

Rev. ('. H. Waller, M.A., and 
four Tutors 

Rev. C. J. Parker, M.A., Prin- 
cipal ; Rev. R. P. Luscombe, 
Vice-Principal ; Rev. M. Scott, 
B.A., Lecturer 

Canun Leeke, Chancellor of Ca- 
thedral ; Canon Crowfoot, Vice- 
ChanceUor, and four Lecturers 

Canon Luckock, D.D., Principal; 
Rev. W. Lowndes, M. A., Vice- 
Principal ; and Rev. G. R. 
Bullock- Webster, Chaplain 

Rev. F. I. Jayne, M.A., Warden ; 
Rev. Prebendary Worlledge, 
M.A., Principal ; Rev. T. 
Barns, M.A., Vi(!c-Principal 

Rev. I. F.'Keating,Principal; Rev. 
H. O. F.Whittingstall, M.A., 
Tutor ; Canon Carter, Lecturer 

Rev. Camm R. B. Girdlcstonr, 
M.A., Principal ; Rev. F. 
Bay lis, M.A., Vice- Principal 

Her. IT. C. G. Moule, M.A., Prin- 
cipal ; Rev. G. A. Schneider, 
M.A., Vice-Principal 


mfldiog prtsided orer by the Vice-?rincf;w;, 

• V, 

Not exclusively a Tbeo\ogiQa\Co\\«|^e, 

6 ^ictqTSi graining ^cl^ool, ^amhvxbQe. 

Ifc is generally knowa that conferences upon the training of candidates 
for Holj Orders have at intervals been hold, and though no meeting has 
taken place since June 1884, the Committee of the Conference still con- 
tinues its deliberations from time to time with a view to promote the 
objects for which it exists. 

Communications regarding the Conference should be addressed to the 
Hon. Secretary, the Rev, Prebendary Worlledgo, The Clergy School, 


The following is an official statement of the general objects and ope- 
ration of a movement organised in Cambridge with a view to direct the 
intellectual and devotional training of candidates for Holy Orders : — 

A need is felt by many graduates who arc looking forward to Ordination of a 
systematic preparation for their life's work, which does not demand the sacrifice of 
the peculiar advantages afforded by residence in the University. Such preparation 
must be: (1) Devotional; (2) Doctrinal; (3) Practical. 

To meet this need a Society has been formed under the direction of tlie present 
Regius Professor of Divinity as President, with whom is associated as Vice-President 
a clerg>'man of long parochial experience. The President, Vice-President, and Tutor 
undertake to give spiritual help and counsel, to direct the intellectual study of 
members, and to arrange for training in practical jxirochial work. 

Regular services are provided as a moans of strengthening a devotional habit of 
life, and of uniting more closely those who have the same high office in view. Mem- 
bers are expected to attend the service in their own CJoUege Chapel at least once 
every day. 

There is a staff of Lecturers, consisting for the most part of Fellows of Colleges. 

Courses of Lectures are given in the following, amongst other subjects : (a) The 
Prayer Book and Articles ; (b) The Historical Position of the English Church with 
reference to Doctrine ; (o) Composition of Sermons ; (d) Pastoral Theology ; (e) 
Elocution ; and in other subjects (c.ff, those required for the preliminary examination 
of candidates for Holy Orders) on which lectures may from time to time be needed 
to supplement existing teaching. 

The Vice-President assists in the general superintendence of practical work 
undertaken by members in connexion with existing agencies or otherwise, in concert 
with the Vicars of parishes in Cambridge or the neighbourhood. 

The Society commenced its work in the Lent Term of 1881. 

Membership is restricted to graduates, but undergraduates may, with the sanction 
of the authorities of their College, be accepted as Associates, and admitted to some of 
the privileges of members. 

Members will not be admittetl, except under special circumstances, who cannot 
promise residence for two terms at least; but it is strongly recommended that a 
course of thi*ee terms should be kept where possible. 

Provision has been made for continuing the course of preparation during the 
months of July and August, which will be reckoned as a term. 

Teaehlng Staff.— Rev. Canon Westcott, D.D., President; Rev. S. E. Perry, M.A., 
Vice-President; Rev. F. H. Chase, M.A., Tutor, with about eight Fellows of 

Applications for membership or associatesbip should be made to the 
Secretary, the Rev. R. Appleton, Trinity College, either personally or by 
letter, if possible before the end of the term preceding that in which it is 
Bought to join the Sooiety. 

"^ircUmtnarB Examination. 



This examination has been established cbiefl.v with a view to aid in promoting a 
more systematic and better distributed course of preparation for Holy Orders. It is 
conducted under the control of a Council consisting of the Divinity Professors of 
Oxford and Cambridge, two Graduates in Divinity from each University nominated 
by the two Archbishops, and Examining Chaplains, one being nominated by each of 
the Bishops, who accept the results of the examination. 

The examination was established in 1874 ; and its objects are expressed in the 
following extract from the original memorandum : — 

' It is felt by many as a serious evil that the minds of candidates should be en- 
grossed np to the last moment before Ordination with the anxieties of their examin- 
ation, so that they have little opportunity for quiet thought at this critical time. 
The preliminaiy examination will meet this want by enabling the Bishops to relieve 
their own examinations of some of those subjects by which the intellectual qualifi- 
cations of candidates are tested, and to give a more devotional tone to the period 
immediately preceding Ordination. But it has not been thought to be within the 
province of the preliminary examination to deal with such subjects as doctrine, 
pastoral care, and a general knowledge of Holy Scripture.' 

* The establishment of a general examination, open to candidates for Ordination 
in different dioceses, can scarcely fail to raise the level of theological attainments 
among the English Clergy generally. 

•The Preliminary Examination may likewise be expected to act beneficially on 
Theological Colleges, by furnishing an external standard, such as many of those 
interested in their workir g have desired to see established, to stimulate and direct 
the studies, as well as to tist the proficiency, of their students.' 

The examiners, who must be eitlier graduates in Tlieology or Masters of Arts in 
Priests' Orders, are appointed annually by the Council. 

Examinations are held twice every year, about Easter and in October, at such 
different centres as the Council from time to time determines, with a view to suit as 
far as possible the convenience of candidates. Due notice is given beforehand of 
the times and places of examination. 

The examinations are conducte<l by printed papers, in the following subjects : — 
(1) The Bible generally. This paper will contain questions on (a) the contents of 
the Old Testament ; (b) the contents of the New Testament ; (e) the introduction to 
the selected books of the Old and New Testaments. (2) The Old Testament; selected 
portions. (3) Tlie New Testament in Greek : selected portions. (4) The Creeds, 
and the Thirty-nine Articles : historj' and contents. (5) Tlic I'rayer Book : history and 
contents. (6) Ecclesiastical History : selected portions. (7) A selected work or 
works of a Latin Ecclesiastical writer, together with a passage for translation into 
English from some Latin author not previously specified. (8) A voluntary paper on 
Elementary Hebrew with passages for translation from a selected portion of the Old 

Due notice is given beforehand by the Council of the subjects selected from time 
to time, which are the same in the two examinations of each year. 

Tlie examinations are open (a) To grailnates of the English Universities ; (ft) to 
members of Theological Colleges in connection with the Church of England, who 
have at least entered on the last term of the complete course and are recommended 
by the Principal ; (c) to any other person who may be nominated by a Bishop with 
a view to Ordination in his own diocese. 

The names of the candidates who satisfy the examiners are placetl alphabetically 
in three classes. 

A list of those candidates who liave satisfied the examiners is published within 
three weeks after the close of the examination. Copies of this list are sent to 

* A list of appointed subjects for examination up to recent date will be found in the reference sec- 
tion, with instmotions to candidates for Holy Orders. 

8 'gtefreafs for f^c ^iergp. 

all the Bishops w)io take part in the scheme, and certificates are granted to the 
fenccessful candidates. 

A record of the performance of each candidate in each subject is preserved. A 
Ck)py of the record will be communicated to the candidate himself, and, on applica- 
tion, to the Bishop to whom he may present himself for Ordination, and in the case 
of members of Theological Colleges to the Principal of the College by whom they 
are recommended. 

The Archbishops of Canterbury and York and all the English Bishops, with the 
exception of the Bishops of Worcester and of Sodor and Man, have agreed to the 
following arrangements respecting Ordination examinations, whii^ came into general 
operation in 1886 : — ^'(l) That the same special subjects for examination be required 
from candidates for Deacon's Orders in the Old Testament, New Testament, Koclesi- 
astical History, and Latin. (2) That the general subjects of the Bishops' examina- 
tion be — (a) the contents of the Bible ; (b) the Creeds and Thirty-nine Articles 
(history, text, and subject-matter) ; (r) the Prayer Book (history «nd contents). 
(3) That the subjects for each year's examination be agreed upon by a Joint Com- 
mittee, consisting of four Bishops (the Bishops of Durham, Winchester, Gloucester 
and Bristol, and Chester) and four members of the Council of Management of the 
Preliminary Examination.' 

The papers set in late examinations, with the regnlations for entrance, 
syllabus, ijbc., may be had of Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, and 
Parker & Co., Oxford. The Rev. E. G. King, D.D., Madingley Vicarage, 
Cambridge, is the Secretary of the Council. 


As the standard of personal holiness in the Priesthood is the index to all 
spiritual life and growth throughout the Church it is interesting to mark 
the opportunities now so increasingly afforded the Clergy for recalling 
the responsibilities of their Ordination vows, and for the reviving of their 
spiritual life, in special seasons of retirement. The short records of 
Retreats and Quiet Days which follow, must not be accepted as represent- 
ing all that has been done in the past year in this direction, they only 
indicate the general progress of this movement in so far as we have been 
permitted to trace it. • 

It is more or less known that in the Diocese of Lichfield the Bishop 
has very pointedly recognised the need of fostering a higher tone of 
spiritual life and ministerial faithfulness among the Clergy. Wo are not 
at present in the position to say how far the means adopted have pro- 
moted the end in view, but the following Rules of the wder will show 
how valuable an influence such a provision must have upon clerical life, 
if anything like faithful compliance with their requirements could be 


Enlei :— 

1. To devote a fixed time daily to Private Devotion, including Prayer, Interces- 
sion, and Meditation. 

2. To give one hour at least in every day, or six hours in each week, to definite 
Theological Study. 

3. To be specially faithful in visiting both the sick and the whole. 

4. To be methodical, punctual, and thorough, in all things ; rising at a fixed hour ; 
• having as far as possible, definite times for different duties ; and keeping some daily 

record of the work done for the Master. 

Retreats for tf)c §Uv^Vi. 

5. To devote some fixed portion of our income to the service of Ood and the 
relief of the poor. 

6. To observe in a lojral spirit, as God may gnide us and as circumstances may 
allow, the rules and directions of the Church. 

7. On one of the days of each Ember Season to read over on our knees the vows 
and exhortations of the Ordinal and to give some time to special self-examination 
and prayer. 

8. Once in each year to devote at least one day to retirement from the world, if 
possible at some Retreat or Clerical Conference, for the reviving of our spiritual life, 
and for higher instruction in the ways of God and in the work of our calling. 

9. Daily to endeavour ourselves to follow the blessed steps of His most holy Hfe, 
Whose we are, and Whom we serve, and to adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in 
all things. 

[No new vows or obligations are involved in joining the Pastoral Order, but only 
the desire and purpose to fulfil as perfectly as possible the vows of J3aptism and of 




Bath and 




Where Held , Q.^herlng ' Conducted 


Retreat < Rev. A. 

I William- 
' sou 



Quiet day Rev. D. M. 

Clnxton I 

Quiet day Rev. J. II. 

Brckcnham Quiet day Rev. \V. B. 

Parish Trcvelyan 


Lower Quiet day Rev. Canon 

Had res ' \ Burrows 

Cantcrbur}-, Retreat Rev. W. II. 

St. Au^us- llutchings 

tine Coll. 

Subjects of Instmction, 

(1) The Temper or SUtc 
of Mind in which all 
should enter upon the 
Retreat ; (2) our Rela- 
tion to the Godhead ; 
(3) our Relation to the 
Father; (4) the Rela- 
tion of the Church to the 
Son ; (5) our Relation 
to the Holy Ghost; (6) 
Words of Thankfulness 
and of Hope. 

* He ordained twelve ; 
( 1) that they should be 
with Him ; and (2) thit 
He might send them 
forth to preach.' 

,Tlic Hindrances and En- 
couragements of the 
Clerical Life, 

Pastoral Office from Or- 
dination Service. 

Subject not given. 

(1) The Being of Al- 
mighty God ; (2) the 
C)mni[K)tence of God in 
Creation ; (3) Duty of 
Prayer: Nature, Neces- 
sity*, Diffiailties ; (4) 
Sin from Standpoint 
of God*8 Omnipotence, 
Ilatefulness of Sin ; (5) 
Son of God in the In- 
carnation of Jesus, our 
Kxample ; (6) Son of 
God in Institution of 
Blessed Sacrament ; 
(7) Son of God in the 











17 & 

' June 

' ^^ 
Julv ' 

20-30 ' 


^elxeais for V^e ^Utq^. 

Ember Seasons, Retbeats, and Quiet 'Dayb— continued. 



Where Held 


Nature of 


Conduo?S ' Subjects of Instruction 


' 1 






Chester . 


Quiet day 

Rev. W. C. Preparation of Priest's 1 15 



Life. 1 





Rev. G. 

Preparation for Advent 23 


Con gr eve 

and Festival of I near- 


nation. ' | 




Quiet day 

Rev. R. S. 

Subject not given. 





Quiet day 

Rev. R. Subject not given. 




1 ■ 





„ Quiet day 

Rev. W. E. ; Subject not given. 





! (about) 




Quiet day 

Rev.* H. D. 

Subject not given. i 16 



' (about) 




Quiet day 

Rev. C. J. 

The Work of the Holy 1 60 


St Anne^s 

Ridge way Ghost ' | 






Rev. Charles 

Subject not given. 






Dorliam . 


Quiet day 

Rev. Canon ! Aspects of R('i>entance as 




Mason exemplified by St. 
Marv Magdalene. 



The Castle, 


Right Rev. The ^Spiritual Life, its 




Rishop of Features, Hindrances, 
Bedford and Growth. Medita- 



tion upon * The Cross,' 


and Address on St. 

Augustine, &c. 

SI7 . . 


Quiet day 

Rev. Pro- Reponsibilities of the 



St. John*9 

fessor Clergy ; Studies of the ! (about) 



Luniby Clergy. 



Quiet day 

Rev. Canon The Characteristics of the 14 



Peter Faithful Pastor of 


Young Christ; (1) the Love 

i of Christ; (2) the 

Brethren ; (3) Prayer ; 

(4) Holy Scripture'. | 



Quiet day \ Rev. E. T. 

(1) Our own InMiffi- 16 




cienc\' ; (2) Faith in 

16 & 

our People ; (3 ) Watch- 





Quiet day Rev. J. J. (1) The Divine Source of ' IG 


^■i^^^FW* ■ 

' I'ias our Ministerial Life and 

Work, Founded on 1 1 
John v. 20; (2) the ; 

1 Parish Priest in his ■ 



, Study; (3) in the Di- 

vine OfBccs ; (4) in 

his Parish. 



Quietday Vcn. Arch- (1) The Pricnt in Intcr- 
dcacon 1 cession ; (2) in Watch- 





fulness and Faithful- 
ness ; (3) the Priest- 
hood the Reproduction 
of the Life of Christ. 



Quiet da: 

f Rev. Canon 

The Discouragements and 



ter and 

Cathedral | 


Encouragements of ^the 





'^elteaiQ for l^e ©(crgp. 


Embeb Seasons, Retreats, and Quiet I>AYB^oonHnu€d, 



Where Held 

Nature of 

By Whom 

Subjects of Instruction 






Hereford . 


Quiet day 

Rev. J. P. F. 


Different Aspects of the 
Work of the Holy Ghost 
with Special Reference 



to the Priestho(Kl, as ( 1 ) 


the Comforter or Advo- 

cate; (2) the Teacher 
of the Truth ; (3) the 

Guide and Teacher of 


the Whole Church ;(l) 

the Teacher of the In- 


dividual Soul ; (5) the 


Revealer of Christ. 




Quiet day 

Rev. C. J. 

Subject not given. 








LieUeld . 


Quiet day 

Rev. Henry 

(a) Self-examination ; (6) 
Prayer ; (c) Holy Coni- 







muiiioo, as parts of a 

Clergjinan's own Life. 

■ • 


Quiet day . IJcv. J. P. F. 

The Ministry of Suffer- 



7 7 









Kev. F. J. 

The Priest ( 1) Called of 
God; (2) Calling God's 
People ; (3) Calling on 





Quiet day Right Rev. 

(1) The Obligation of a 



Bishop of 

High Standard of Holi- 




ness in the Priotly 
Office ; (2) the Need of 

System in the Preach- 


ing and Teaching Work 



of a Priest. 



< ^lict day Rev. Canon 

Still Small Voice of 

IS ; 




, VVarning : Guidance, 
Encouragement, Com- 1 



21 , 




Peuk ridge 

i^uiet day 

Rev. Canon 

Three Instructions on the 


Oct. 5 ' 


Spiritual Life of the 



Quiet day IJcv. Canon 

The Seven Vows of a 



St. Peter's 


Priest : the gift of the 


21 1 



Holy Ghost to Christ, 



and bv Christ to the 






Quiet day Rev. A. T. 

Spiritual Power. 

12 ' 




Llandaff . 



Rev. R. M. 

Subject not given. 








The Cathe- 

Quiet day 

Rev. Canon 

The Responsibility of (1) 






the Christian Ministry ; 



(2) of Preaching; (3) 
of Example ; (4) of De- 

London . 


Quiet day 

Right Rev. 

Subject not given. 




Bishop of 




'Retreats fot t^e @Ietdt>- 

Ehbeb Seasons, Betbbats, and Quiet BAY&^eontinwd, 


Where Held 

Nature of 

By Whom 

Subjects of Instruction 

^ < 


London . 


Quiet day , Right Rev. 

Subject not given. 




Bishop of 






Quiet day 

Right Rev. 
Bishop of 

Subject not given. 





Quiet day 

Right Rev. 
Bishop of 

Subject not given. 




Bedford I 



Quiet day 

Right Rev. 
Bishop of 

Subject not given. 





Quiet day 

Right Rev. 

Subject not given. 




Bishop of 








Canons Ber- 

Church and State ; Church 




nard, Sau- 

Reform ; Church Work. 





Hoare, and 





Rev. J. j Early History of the 

9 ! July 


Wylde 1 Isfaelities. 

; 12-10 



Quiet day 

Rev. Canon ; (1) Preaching; (2) Per- 

27 ' July 

1 ** 

/ ' 

Pigou,D.D.' Bonal Example ; (3) 






Bam haul- 

Quiet day 

Rev. Canon 

(I) The Pattern Clergv- 





man ; (2) Reality ; (;{) 
The Preacher & Pastor. 




Quiet day 

Rev. F. J. 

Subject not given. 





Quiet day 

Rev. E. 

(I) The Priest's Duty to 


Sept. j 


God; (2) to Man; («) 



to Himself. 

' »» 


Quiet day 

Rev. Chas. , The Priest's Inner Life. 



^ • 

P. Greene 

Ij i 



Quiet day 

Rev. J. P. F. 

The Holy Spirit. 






1 ■ 

Bipon. . 


Quiet day 

Rev. N. 

(1) Self-denial; (2) Bear. 





ing the Cross; (3) Fol- 
lowing Jesus. 





Quiet day 

Rev. H. A. 

The Transfiguration. 




field Parish 







■ Bocheiter 


Quiet day 

Revs. E. II. 

Personal Consecration ; 







Separation unto God ; 




S. A. Sel- 

Power for Service. 

wvn, and 

C: A. Fox 




Rij^ht Rev. 
Bishop of 

Address to the Priesthood 




on *Qu2e sub te sunt* 


Salisbury i of St. Bernard. 




Right Rev. Address to the Priesthood 



Bishop of on * Qua? circa te sunt ' , 

1 26-21) 


of St. Bernard. 


Child Oke- 


Ri^bt Rev. 
Biahop of 

Address to the Priesthood 


28 & 


on * Quae supni te sunt ' 


of $t Bernard. 


"^ctvcals for l^e @Iergt2> 


Embeb Seasons, Betbeats, and Quiet DkYS— continued. 


Where Held 

Xatare o( 

By Whom 

Salq'ects of Insttnction 






St. Aiaph 



Great Bent- 
ley, Parish 


Castla Hed- 


St Mary 


Quiet day { Rev. Canon 

Quiet day Rev. C. 


Quiet day 
Quiet day 

Rev. R. M. 

Rev. £. C. 

Rev. H. B. 

Rev. C. Gore 



Quiet dav ' Rev. Canon j 
I Lester ' 
Quiet day Rcv.R. G. 
j Maul 

Ilawarden ' Retreat Rev. C. Gore 

Carmarthen, ! Quiet day Rev. Canon ' 
St. Peter's I Mason I 

Holme ! Quiet dar Rev. \V. II. 1 





Stuffyn- Retreat 

wood, St. 

Sutton, St Quiet day 


tar . 




St. Andrew 


St Mary's, 


. Quiet day 
Quiet day 
Quiet day 

Quiet day 



Mill brook 


Holy Trin- 
ity, West- 



Rev. A. G. 


Rev. R. S. 

Rev. W. II. 

Rev. Canon 

Rev. Canon 


Rev. Canon 

Quiet day ! Rev. II. 

I Montague 
! Villiers 

Quiet day Rev. E. 
. Fie'.d 

Quiet day 

Quiet day 

Rev. A. 


Rev. Canon 


The Dignity iA Mission 
Work, its Motives, 
Aims, and Helps, and 
Chief Characteristics. 

General Personal Holiness. 

The Work of the Holy 

St John Baptist 
Eph. iii. 14-19. 
The Prophetic Office. 

' Ministerial Life.' 

The Prophetic Office. 

The Transfi^ration. 

The Good Shepherd, with 
Meditations on Ezekiel 

Subject not given. 

(1) The History of God ; 
Against Discourage- 

Subject not given. 

Subject not given. 

The Prayer Desk ; The 
Pulpit ; The Altar. 

Our Lord's Life an Ex- 
ample to Priests in its 

(1) Dedication; (2) 
Personal HoIineMJ ; (3) 

The Epistles to the Se\*en 

(1) Our LoriVfl Hidden 
Life fls a Preparation 
for His Priestlv Work ; 

(2) The Priest's Life in 
the World; (3) The 
Priest's Life of Devo- 

The Holy Trinity. 

St John xvii. 

i^5« ■ Date 


1 f 

20 ■• 



Aug. ; 









• 15 





18 : 


: 14-18 



. 27 • 


i May 

■ 11 




• June 






! Oct. 




' 17 



\ \ ^^A 

M @Ictg|| tDining io conbuci Reheats. 



The following Clergy have, by request, consented to give their help in 
condacting Devotional Gatherings of the Clergy, so far as other engage- 
ments may permit them to do so : — 

Atherton, Rev. C. J., M.A. 
Benson, Rev. R. M., M.A. . 
Body, Rev. G., M.A. . 
Bristow, Rev, R. R., ^f.A. . 
Burrows, Rev. H. W., B.D. 
Cadman, Rev. W., M.A. 

Carter, Rev. F. E., M.A. . 

Claxton, Rev. D. ^r., M.A. 
Cornish, Rev. J. R., M..\. . 

Cure, Rev. E. Capkl, ^[.A. 

Davidson, Rev. J. P. F., M.A. 

Dixon, Rev. J., M.A. . 
Eddowes, Rev. J., M.A 
Kllis, Rev. Rowland, M.A. 
£l8DALE, Rev. W., M.A. 
Field, Rev. E., M.A. . 
FURSE, Rev. C. W., M.A. . 

Gibson, Rev. E. C. S., M.A. 
Glynn, Hon. ami Rev. E. Caku 
GOTT, Very Rev. J., D.D. . 
GouGH, Rev. E. J., M.A. 
Holland, Rev. F. J., M.A. . 
Hunt, Rev. R. S., M.A. 
HuTCHiNGS, Rev. W. H., M.A. 
Kingsbury, Rev. Canon, ^I.A. 
Lester, Rev. J. H., M.A. . 
Lister, Rev. S. M., M.A. . 
Little, Rev. W. J. Knox, M.A. 
Maclear, Rev. G. F., D.D. 

Mant, Rev. Newton, M.A. 
Marshall, Rev. E. I., M.A. 
Mason, Rev. A. J., M.A. 

Medd, Rev. r. G., M.A. 

Meynell, Rev. H., M.A. 
MoNCRiEFF, Rev. W. Scott, M.A. 

Moore, Rev. D., M.A. 

. Rector of Farringdon, Exeter. 

. Vicar of Cowley St. John. 

. Vicar of Christ Church, Lichfield. 

. Canon Missioner of Durham. 

. Vicar of St. Stephen's, Lewisham, S.E. 

. Canon Residentiary of Rochester. 

. Rector of Holy Trinity, Marylebonc, Canon 

of Canterbury. 
. Vicar of Egloshayle, Cornwall; and Hon, 

Canon of Truro. 
. ^Nfcrriott Vicarage, Crewkeme. 
. Vicar of Veryan, Grampound, Hon. Canon of 

Truro Cathedral, and Examining Chaplaia 

to the Bishop. 
. Rector of St. (George's, Hanover Square, and 

Canon of Windsor. 
. Chaplain of House of Mercy, St. James*8, 

. Curate of St. Oswald's, Durham. 

Vicar of St. Jude's, Bradford. 
, Incumbent of St. Paul's, Edinburgh. 
. Rector of Moulsoe. 

. Chaplain of St. Nicolas' College, Lancing. 
. Canon of Westminster, and Chaplain to the 

Bishop of Oxford. 
. Principal of Wells Theological College. 
M.\. Vicar of Kensington. 
. Dean of Worcester. 
. St. Paul's Parsonage, Dundee. 
. Canon of Canterbury*. 
. Vicar of Mark-Beecli, Edenbridge. 
. Rector of Kirkby Misperton. 
. Rector of Kingston, Devcrill. 
. Vicar of South Hackney. 
. Vicar of St. Andrew's, Newcastle-on-Tj'nc. 
. Canon of Worcester. 

. Warden of St. Augustine's College, Canter- 
, Vicar of Sledmere. 
, Rector of Coveney, EI3'. 
. Rector of All Hallows, London, Hon. Canon 

of Truro. 
, Rector of North Cerney, Cirencester, Hon. 

Canon of St. Albans, and Examining 

Chaplain to the Bishop. 
. Vicar of Den stone, Uttoxeter. 
. Vicar of Christ Church, Bishopwearmouth, 

and Hon. Canon of Durham. 
. Vicar of Holy Trinity, Paddington, Preben- 
dary of St. Paul's, and Chaplain in Ordinaiy 

to the Queen. 

^icvqVi totUing io conduct Retreats. 15 

3I0ORE, Rev. J. II., M.A. 
T^ABB, Rev. R. H., M.A. 
Pennefatheb, Rev. s. K., M.A. 
Piooir, Rev. F., D.D. . 
P0S8ONBY, Rev. F. J., M.A. 

Punch ARD, Rev. E. 0., I).I>. 
Randall, Rev. R. W., M.A. 
Ridge WAY, Rev. C. I., M.A. 
Roberts, Rev. G. 1>., M.A. . 
Temple, Rev. H., M.A. 
ViLLiEBS, Rev. H. M., M.A. 
Wblby, Rev. M. E., M.A. . 
Wilde, Rev. A. S., M.A. 

Williamson, Rev. A., M.A. 
Woblledge, Rev. C. W., M.A. 
Wyldb, Rev. J., M.A. . 
YOUKG, Rev. P., M.A. . 

Vicar of St. John's, Truro. 

Vicar of St. Martins, Scarborongh. 

Vicar of Jesmond. 

Vicar of Halifax. 

Vicar of St. Mary Magflalene, Munster 

Square, St. Pancra-s. 
Vicar of C' Chun*li, Luton. 
Vicar of All Saints', Clifton. 
Vicar of Christ Church, Lancaster Gate 
Vicar of Elmstone, Cheltenliam. 
Ucctor of Oswaldkirk, Hon. Canon of Ripon. 
Vicar of S. Paul's, Knightsbridgc. 
Aberconnell, Garth. 
Rector of Louth, Hon. Canon of Lincoln, 

and Examining Chaplain to the Rbhop. 
Vicar of St. James's, Norlands, W. 
The College, Cambrae, X.B. 
Vicar of St Saviour's, Leeds. 
Hector of Korth Witliam, and Preljcndary 

of Lincoln. 

"SiiTK.- The Committee having the care of the puUication of tliiH Ixmk hare felt the extrvrne import* 
ance of confining this List to tliow wlio from reoofmli«eil lltiictM niifrht Ix found helpful in ilirecting tJie 
Utooghta and devotions of their hrL*thren iluiing gpeeial aenaoDs of retirement fur icpiritnal exerciwa. For 
many reasons tlie Li^t i.« for the preient mnicwliat limited ; but it is hopc«l tliat it may lie tin meana of 
drawind: oat the help of others who liavc time and the peculiar capohilitifv for awisting in thin moat 
important work, niwn which bo moch of the deeper influence of the Chnrch in tht wortd will always so 
lATgel J depend. 

i6 ' @^tttc]^ ^mI5ind dxtb Extension. 





It is the purport of this section briefly to survey the work'^of Church 
Extension from records of the progress of ordinary diocesan agencies and 
of other movements specially designed to deal with more urgent wants 
in some of the populous centres of England and Wales. 

It is no doubt mainly due to the example of the late Archbishop Tait 
in constituting the Bishop of London's Fund, and to the vigour with 
which the movement was carried on, that we are able to speak of the 
adoption and success of similar efforts in the Dioceses of York, Win- 
chester, Durham, Rochester, St. Alban's, Newcastle, Llaudafl*, St. David's, 
Worcester, Lincoln, Peterborough, Bipon, and Gloucester and Bristol. 

In each of these Dioceses the Chui*ch has specially inquired into the 
spiritual destitution of the larger towns, and the earnest appeals that 
have been made for assistance have resulted in a growth of Church 
Extension far exceeding the most sanguine hopes. 

In addition to the reports of diocesan work of recent date it has been 
thought well from time to time to trace in different dioceses the history 
of Church Extension over a longer period ; such illustrations have been 
given in previous volumes with reference to the Dioceses of Chester, 
Liverpool, Peterborough, Durham, and Winchester. Similar records 
will be found in the present section of the Sees of Manchester and St. 
David's. The work of Church Extension in some of our large towns 
for a similar period is also dealt with. 

To form an adequate idea of this work it is needful to review the 
labours of the Church during the last quarter of a century or more, and 
for this reference should be made to the under-mentioned records pre- 
sented in detailed and tabular form in the statbtical portion of this 



From this Parliamentary statement it will be found that within a period of 

thirty-four years a sam of 25,548 J032. was spent upon the building and restoration 

of cathedrals and churches, and it must be remembered that this return did not deal 

rtrf^A any work carried out under a cost of less than 600/., so that the total sum cannot 

9|ttircl^ ^xfension— Piocese of ^ancl^esfcir. 17 

bj any means be ieg;aided as folly representing the complete outlay daring the 
specified period. 


This table presents returns of the outlay upon church building and restoration 
in certain Dioceses, from which these facts could be ascertained with something 
like completeness and reliable certainty. 


This statement is the result of an effort which has been made with considerable 
care and labour to ascertain what was contributed during last year for the erection 
of new churches, and the enlargement, restoration, and adornment of existing build- 
ings, the endowment of district parishes, and the erection of parsonage houses. In the 
absence of any records from which such facts as these can at present be gathered 
and tabulated with absolute accuracy and completeness, the only course open was 
for the Editor to make use of every means within reach to ascertain in what parishes 
suic^ work bad taken place and been completed in the given year, and then to make 
a personal implication to each incumbent for the required statistics; the result 
tborefore as it appears is fully reliable, though of necessity it cannot be regaled as 
absolutely complete. The following summary of moneys contributed to the under- 
mentioned specified objects in the year 1884 shows that a sum of nearly a million 
and a half was raised for these objects, and it may be asserted with fair accuracy 
thai this amount represents the annual expenditure of the Church in this direction 
for many years past : 

Church building and restoration £1,163,544 

Endowment of Benefices 189,587 

Farsonage-houses i)5,327 

Burial grounds 7,381 


KOTK. — Grants received from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners and Queen Anne*s 
Bounty have been carefully excluded from this total. 


This statement is the result of an inquiry recently made with reference to ex- 
penditure upon the restoration and adornment of cathedrals since the year 1874, the 
date of Lord Hampton*s return. 



(Contributed by Canon TONOE.) 

m^ Prior to the Reformation the district which forms the Diocese of 

fBk Manchester was probably, for the most part, included within the 

^jB^^ great Diocese of St. Chad, the seat of whose Bishop was generally at 
^ ^^ ' Lichfield, but occasionally at Coventry or Chester. This Diocese in- 
cluded almost all the north-west of England, and extended from 
Lincolnshire on the east to Gloucestershire on the west, and south- 
wards almost as far as London. In 1541 the Diocese of Chester was 
formed out of it, being one of the new Sees founded by King 
Henry VIII. It was made up of the Archdeaconry of Cheater severed 
from the Diocese of Coventry and Lichfield, and of the Archdeaconry 
of Richmond severed from York. The first Bishop of the new 
Diocese was John Bird, consecrated Suffragan-Bishop of Penrith in 1537, appointed 
Bishop of Bangor in 1539, and thence translated to Chester in 1541 by \.\v^ 1^axi^« 
letters-patent which established the Diocese, A continuous sncceBslon ot ^\^o^ ol 

1 8 ^f)xttc^ #«fcnston— S^ioccsc of ^STanc^esfeir. 

this Diocese is on record, from Bishop Bird to the j)resent occupant of the See. 
Within the bounds of the Diocese were inchided the whole of the counties of 
Chester and Lancashire, together with portions of Westmoreland and Yorkshire, 
Flintshire, and Denbighshire. 

In l83G the Yorkshire portion of the Archdeaconry of Riclmiond was assigned to 
the newly constituted Diocese of Ripon, and the portion of Lancashire north of 
Morecambe Bay, and Westmoreland, were assigned to Carlisle. 

In 1847 the Diocese of Manchester was formed out of that of Chester. 

It was constituted by an Order in Council, dated August 10, 1847, in pursuance of 
the provisions of 10 & 11 Victoria, cap. 108: * An Act for Establishing the Bishopric 
of Manchester, and amending certain Acts relating to the Ecclesiastical Commis- 
sioners of England.* By this onler from and upon September 1, 1847, the Collegiate 
Church of Manchester became a Cathedral Church, and the seat of a within 
the Province of York, and the Dean and Canons of such Cathedral the Chapter. 

The Deaneries of Amoundcrness, Blackburn, ^lanchester, l^yland, and the whole 
parish of Leigh in the Deanery of Warrington, all in the county of Lancaster and 
Diocese of Chester, together with such parts of the Deaneries of Kendal and Kirkby 
Lonsdale, in the same Diocese, as are in tlic same county, were severed from the 
Diocese of Chester, and became the Diocese of Manchester. 

The Diocese was first divided into two Archdeaconries, • Manchester ' and 
* Lancaster/ but a thinl Archdeaconry, called the Archdeaconry of Blackburn, was 
afterwards constituted and formed out o£ the Archdciiconry of Manchester. 

The Diocese now consists of three Archdeaconries : Manchester, Lancaster, and 

The Archdeaconry of Manchester, founded by Onler in Council, datc<l August 23, 
18 13, consists of the Deanery, of Manchester and the whole jxirish of Leigh. The 
parish of Leigh is detached from the Deanery of Warrington, and forms part of the 
Deanery of Manchester. 

The Archdeaconry of Lancaster, foun<led by Order in Council, dated August 10, 
1847, consists of the Deanery of Amounderness, and so much of the Deaneries of 
Kendal and Kirkby Lonsdale as are included in the Diocese of Manchester. The 
aforesaid portions of the Deaneries of Kendal and Kirkby Lonsdale unit^, constitute 
the Deanery of Tunstall. 

The Archdeaconry of Blackburn, founded by Order in Council, dated August 13, 
1877, consists of the Deaneries of Blackburn and LeyLand, and such portions of the 
Deanery of Manchester as are comprised within any of the now parishes in the Rural 
Deanery of Whalley. 

The full benefits resulting from the creation of this new Diocese cannot bo tabulated, 
but the following figures will give sDme idea of the progress which Church extension 
has made during the first two Episcopates. 


During the Episcopate of the Bishop from 1848 to December 18G9 : — 

One hundred and ten new churches were consecrated ; 20 new churches were built 
to replace former buildings ; 163 new district parishes were formed. 

Total cost of the erection of the above 130 churches, exclusive of endowment and 
cost of site. 542,169/. 

Within this period 77,177 additional church sittings were provided, of which 
39,568 are free. 


During the Episcopate of the Bishop extending from March 2.">, 1870, to October 
22, 1885 :— 

One hundred and five new churches were consecrated ; 21 new churches were built 
to replace former buildings ; 1 1 7 new district parishes were formed. 

Total cost of the erection of the above 126 churches, exclusive of eudovvment and 
cost of sites, 952,839/. 

Within this period 60,190 additional church sittingg were provided, of which 
49,902 are free sittings. 

Total amount spent ill ohurQh building, exclusive of en<low|xj^|>tfl ftnd slte«| 

9^urc!^ (^xicnsiott— ©ioccse of ^Diticfjcsfcr. 19 


' '*" 



Bttrj . . 

. . , »,*» 


Whilky . 

rAitia OP I 

Dnntrj of Blicl 
DMDft7 of 



Thib Fund was tlio outcome of a comniifiHion appointed by Ihe Bishop 
of Wincheater at tho suggestion of a, former navul Commander- in- 
Chief (Sir A. P. Byder), consiisting of the Vicars of Portsmouth and 
Forlses (Rev, G. P. Grant and CaiiOQ Jacob), Admiral of (he Fleet, 
Sir A, P. Rv-der, K.C.B,. and Mr. John Pares, with Mr. George Long 
a* Hon.Secretary.toinvestipateoiid report on Ihc spiritual condition 
of the Boroiigli of Potlemoutli, coniprisinu tlic l»o civil parodies of 
Pnrtsmouth and Fortgca, with an incrcsBing- populalinn of about 
130,000. The report of the commissioners retommeiHleil the gradual 
formation of some new parishes, an incrcawd staff of curntes, n re- 
vision of parocliial boandaries, and tlic rrection of mission buildings. 
Ii was deierminetl to raise a fund for five _vears to .'■upplement tho 
efforts of individual Cleri;)" and to untlertako work, sucji aj purchase 
!S anil granlH to curates, which mijilit otherwise fail it there were no central 
fund. The Fund is managed by a oomuiittco of gentlemen, who nlso scl tiR \\ift\o(«\ 
pomnitiee for the Additional Cler^ Society; I'he tint rcwlt of theievjtt ot t\ie wiu-, 


'^is^op of bonbon's ^uni). 

mission was the consecration of St. Michael'H Church nnder the Prirate Patron*^ Act 
(it haa sines been endowed by the Ecclesiaatical CommiisioueTs), and the aeBignment 
of a district parish to it from the district parishes of St. Panl's and Bt. Lake's, Portaea. 
Winchester College then nndertook to transfer ita School Mission from London to 
AH Saints', Porlsea, where a vigorous misaion is now being conducted by the Hev. A. 
Dolling, already fuinished with an excellent Hissioa Chapel, High Schools for boys 
and girls, club rooms, &c. A disused Baptist Chapel was purchased in IB85, which 
it is proposed, if possible, to convert into a permanent charch. A revision of -the 
nnomaloua boandaries of the parishes of Bt. Mary's (the mother church), St. Bar- 
tholomew's, and St. Jsmes', Milton, all in the civil parish of Portsca, received in 
ISSS the sanction of the Ecctcsiaalical Commisaiooera. East ney, a large distriot 
cast of Southsea, where the barracks of the Royal Marine Artillery are situate, has 
for the first time received a resident clergyman, who is curate of Milton, to which 
parish Eastncy belongs, aud an eicellent Mission chapel (St. Colomba's) was 
opened there in the summer of 188i>. The Fund gives granta towards the salaries of 
two curates for All Saints', one for St. Qeorge's, and one for Eaatney. It also fflres 
1201. a year towards the support of the Dioceaan Deaconeasea' Home, which since its 
ealablishmcnt at Portsmouth has done and is doing the most admirable parochial 
work. It lias aided the mission bnildinga in the Winchester College Mission (St. 
Agatha's> and at Eastney, and has purchased a site for a new Church within the 
parish of St. Mark's, I'ortsea. The mission work in the great parish of St. Mary, with 
Its 30,000, has been carried on independently of tlio Fund, but a conaiderable sum 
has been given through its agency for the rebnilding of the Parish Church, towards 
which one layman has offered 1G,OOOI. 


A movement for Cliuroh entonslon haa recently been oi^aniscd in Jersey, and has 
resulted in active steps licing taken to multiply Charch privil^es in specially needy 
]>laces, to assist in building and providing miasion rooms, the augmentation of bene- 
fices, the training of Clergy, and Iho promotion o£ Church education, both In day 
and Sunday schools. 

It is the intontion of the Conactl ao to apply Uie funds placed at their dlapoid 
that the BSBistance given shall as far as possible further the practical work of ^ 
Church by such means as wilt be moat likely to strengthen efforts to reach thsmaMM 
neglectfal of religious ordinances. 

Information respecting this Fnnd may be obtained from Her. P. B. P. 
Brwttwaite, St. Lnke's Vicarage, Jersey , 


The design and general workiag of Ibis Fund has been described in 
detail in the Official Te^b- book for 1883 and 1881, so that a fur- 
ther repetition of these facts is uacalled for. The Diocese of London 
contains a population exceeding three millions, and increasing at the 
rato of 33,000 annually ; it is for the spiritual needs of the unreached 
masses that this Fund is specially intended to provide. 

Summary of Work for 1S8S — The Fund has paid the whole 
stipend of eight Missionary Clergy, six of whom by means of the 
block grant of l.OOOi. paid to the I>ondon Dioceaan Home Mission, 
and three others have also been almost wholly maintained by the 
Fnnd. The Fund has alao provided the atipends of 2S Scripture 
Headers, ID Parochial Mission Women, and G Deaconesses, working under the 
various Societies who undertake this class of agency ; besides which grants have 
been made for 4 male and 21 female agents working under the direction of the In- 
cumbents, and nut in connection vrilh any special society. Asaiatance was given by 
a grant of 'diiOL lo the London Lay Helpers' Association. 43rants were made towatds 
the erection of two parBonages and towards the enlargement of two eohools. A 
very liage number of grants was made towards providing MissJon-baildings and for 

^oc^esUt diocesan ^ociefg. 21 

the erection o£ permanent chorcbes or in securing sites for these objects. The sums 
voted for the different branches of work were: — Missionary Clergy, 1,830/.; Lay 
Agents, 3,247/.; Parsonages, 438/.; Schools, 150/.; Mission Baildings, 6,25SI/.; 
Churches, 7,008/. 

Six new churches were consecrated during the year, five of which had received 
contribnticuis from the Fund* During the twenty -one years of the Society's exist- 
ence, grants have been made towards the erection of 140 permanent churches, of 
which 130 are parochial churches with separate districts and endowments, 7 have been 
bnUt as chapels of ease, and 3 were erected to replace old parochial churches which 
required rebuilding. 

fl^peeial Church jEtepair Fund.— Though not a recognised object of the Bishop's 
Fundf the Council has organised a fund for assisting the poorer parishes in their 
efforts to keep their churches in proper repair. Although the contributions to this 
Special Fund during the eight years of its existence have not reache<l 1,000/., the 
Committee have been able to make grants which, while for the most part sadly in- 
adequate, have yet been the means of encouraging a considerable expenditure on 
the repairs of more than 30 churches. 

Ihe income of the Bishop's Fund for 1885 was 18,408/. 14i. Sd., * bringing up the 
total expenditure of the Fund since its institution in 1863 to 739,227/. 0#. 3d, 

All oommTmications respecting this Fand should be addressed to the 
Honorary Secretaries, 46a Pall Mail| S.W. 



This Society has been formed specially to deal with the needs of 
Church extension in South London, and the claims of this enor- 
mous district upon the conscience and the generosity of the Dio- 
^_«***^^ cese at large are very great indeed. The population of the whole 
^^^^^B Diocese is 1,800,000, increasing annually at the rate of 25,000; the 
^^B^HB population of South London alone represents at least a million and a 
^^^^^1 quarter, and some idea may be formed of the magnitude of the wants 
^BP^^ to be dealt with from the following statistical return giving the popu- 
^5^]^F lation of the principal districts of the Diocese : — Greenwich and Dept- 
ford, population, 134,264; Lewisham and Hatcham, 73,514; Rother- 
hithc, 36,000; Bermondsey, 86,000; Southwark, 99,000; Newmgton, 108,000; 
Kenniogton, 60,000 ; Cambcr^ell, 186,000; Lambeth, 253,562; Battersea, 107,000; 
Wimdsworth, 28,000. In ten years the population of South London has increased 
by 298,235 persons. There are individual parishes of 20,000, 15,000, and 10,000 : all 
of them from their circimistanceH al^lutely unable to make any independent effort 
to sub-divide by the creation of new districts. 

Work. — The funds of the Society are wholly or in part devoted to the employ- 
ment of 21 Missionary Clergymen (6 of whom are connected with the College and 
Public Schools Mission to South London), also 24 Scripture Readers, working 
principally in London, but also in the country, and 44 Mission Women. The Public 
Schools Missions (the work of which is described in another section of this book) 
contribute a sum of at least 2,C(X)Z. in voluntary offerings, and also exert a great 
spiritual influenoe for good through the success which has attended the work of the 
Clergy at their different Mission Stations. 

Tbiaiioe. — The sum of 7,575^. 3*. 2d. was contributed in 1883 for the work of the 
Society, and during the last eight years a total of 67,000/. has been subscribed, 
exclusive of the 50,000/. raised in the last four years by * The Ten Churches Fund.' 
Mr. J. Allan Rolls, the late member for Monmouth, who has large property in South 
London, has just pledged himself to contribute a donation of 10,000/. in instalments 
of 1,0001. for the work of Church extension in this district. So noble a recognition ol 

* Inclnding interest upon inY»iment8, and a aam received from the IsoitU London Ba\\w^3 ^QTSi.< 
pui7 for land token bjr them; the total Income was 21,Z171, lOs. Id, 


^ilBcrfotrcc "gScmotial ^unb. 

personal responsibility through rights of property is one worthy of mention and 


This Fund was started in the year 1881 with the design of raising at least 
60,0002. for the erection of ten new churches in South and South- East London. Tiie 
general details of the movement have been previously described, it will suffice now 
to say that the aim of the scheme "has been successfully accomplished, with the result 
of providing a large increase of church accommodation in districts where it wa*» 
urgently n^ed. 

Table op Work. 

Name of Parisli 


About 10,000 

Free or Rented 

St. Clement, East Dulwich . 

About 1,000 


All Saints, Battersea . 




St. Faith, Wandsworth 



Half free 

St. Mark, Deptford . 




St. Mark, Peckham 



Half free 

St. Katharine, Rotherhitlic . 




St. Luke, Bermondsey . 




St. Andrew, Battersea . 

Nearly 600; N. 

aisle not built 



St. Bartholomew, Camberwell 




St. Stephen, Battersea 








Eight of the ten churches are now in use. The building of the ninth (St. Bar- 
tholomew, Camberwell) is rapidly going on. The 10th (St. Stephen, Battersea) is 
being put forward with vigour. By the end of 1886 all the ten churches will have 
been completed and consecrate<l. 


This Fund originated with a committee of influential Clergy and Laity, held at 
Lavington in 1873. At a subsequent meeting it was determined that a Wilberforce 
Fund should be raised — (1) For the * maintenance of a body of Clergy for Home 
Mission work in the diocese of Winchester, especially for the South London portion 
thereof.' The appointment of such Clergy was to be in the hands of the Bishop. (2) 
That a suitable house in South London be provided, to be called after Bishop WQber- 
force, as a centre for missionary work. 

These resolutions were unanimously approved by a public meeting held in the 
Congress Hall, Bath, under the presidency of the Bishop of the Diocese, and were 
sanctioned by the Bishops of Winchester, Chichester, and Rochester. 

In practical compliance with the general terms of these resolutions, the Wilber- 
force Mission House has been secured. It is situated in a central position for South 
London, and has already proved of great service as a centre for Church work in 
this district of the metropolis. Among other advantages which the Mission House 
affords, one of great importance is the opportunity provided for the Lay workers of 
the Diocese to meet together for instruction in Greek Testament and other branches 
of theological study. 

Information regarding this work may be obtained from the Rev. C. 
H. Grundy, M.A., Wilberforce Mission House, Newingion Butts, S.E, 

'^is^oip of ^ebfotb's ^ttn5* 23 








OM Object. — Tlie East London Church Fand was established in the 

^^ year 1880, and is carried on under the direction of the Bishop of 


The character of the Fund is distinctly missionary, and its direct 
%^/^ object is therefore to increase the number of living agents, clerical 
- and lay, that by such instrumentalities the message of the Gospel 

of Christ may be effectually carried to the poor and densely popu- 
lated parishes in the metropolitan district placed under the charge 
of the Bishop of Bedford. This district comprises the parish of 
Tottenham, representing in all 105 parishes and mission districts, 
containing nearly one nullion souls. 

No one having personal knowledge of the needs of East London 
can be insensible to the immense importance of giving the Church every possible 
facility for carrying on her mission among the people. The spiritual destitution 
which abounds coupled with the poverty which exists render the claim of this work 
especially urgent. A recent statement by the Bishop of Bedford reports a diminution 
of funds ; it is therefore the more important that help should be immediately and 
generously given. 

The Work of the Pait Tear. — The following grants have been made during 1885: 
(1) for 13 Missionary Clergy — to take charge of mission districts, or to fill the places 
of incumbents compelled, by age or ill-health, to be absent from their parishes, or 
to assist in special mission work ; (2) for 26 additional Clergy, whose stipends are 
paid in full by this Fund ; (3) in aid of the stipends of 38 Curates, paid in part by 
Societies or from other sources. [N.Ji. — Account must ai^ he tahen ofl Clergymen, 
warhhig in miimim digtricts, hut not paid directly hy the Fvnd^ ; (4) for 7 Lay 
Readers ; (5) for 30 Mission Women and Parochial Nurses ; ((>) for 44 Deaconesses 
and other ladies working in connection with the Deaconesses' Homes, established by 
the council at Hackney, Stepney, and Spitalfields. Total, 77 Clei^y and 81 Lay 
Workers — 168 living agents. In addition, grants have been made for Special Mission 
Ser\'ices which, during the winter months, have been held in churches, mission halls, 
and public halls, and during the summer in the open air. 

Besults. — (1) The number of Clergy in tlic district has been raised, since 1880, 
from 185 to 233, and instead of one Clergymen for every 4,300 people, as in 1880, 
there is now one for every 3,200; (2) tlie number of confirmation candidates, 
especially of male candidates, has most considerably increased ; (3) the Special 
Mission Services have been the means of drawing together large congregations of 
habitual non-worshippers, and many men, in consecjuence of these Services, have 
attached themselves to the Church; (4) in 25 typical parishes last year there was an 
increase of 18 per cent, in number of communicants upon the number of previous 
years, with a great increase consequent upon East London Missions. 

Immediate Keeds. — To maintain the work at present undertaken about 10,000/. 
per annum is needed. The annual receipts last year, however, only amounted to 
1^,200/. The annual subscriptions amount to only about 3,500/. 

What remains to be accomplished. — It is considered tbat to secure proper 
spiritual oversight there should be one Clergyman for every 2,000 persons. Many 
additional Clergymen are therefore needed at once ; but in addition, in consequence 
of increase of population, fresh needs are every day a^isinf^^ The (.'ouncil believe 
that if 14,000/. or 15,000/. per annum were placed at their disposal, they would be 
able to a great extent to overtake the arrears of the past, and also to go forward to 
meet fresh claims. 

All commtmications should be addressed to the Rev. 3,Tift^^^^^ 
Vestry, St. Andrew Undershaft, E.C, 

24 SJis^op of §i. ^Ibans!' ^unb. 



Object. — Established 1878, to supply the splritxial needa of the 
extreme eastern districts of the metropolis, or ' London in Essex ; * 
in succession to the work carried on by the J^ishop of Jjondon's 
and Bislio]) of Rochester's Funds in these districts. In 1886 the area 
wan extended so as to embrace the parishes around the new Docks at 

Fait Work. — Thirty-one years since, the district east of the river 
I^a, comprised in the Deanery of Barking, was almost entirely mnil, 
with villjv«?cs scattcreil over the south-we8t<jm comer of K<M«ex. In 
1855 the formation of the Victoria Docks to the eastward of the mouth of the Lea 
caused a great increase of population, and the Plaistow and Victoria Dock MlBsion 
was started, and large sums of money were raised and expended for ' London OTer the 

Fr()m 1863 to 1870 the JiUltop of London's Fund granted 8,953/., and from 1870 
to 1878 the Bi*hojf of Jt^fcJuater's Fund gianted 23,416/. (met by 95,763/. raised 
locally) to the Deanery of Barking. 

In 1878 the Bishop of St, Albans' Fund finally took up the work, and in eight and 
a half years has received and expended about 71,000/., while about 3,000/. more is 
promised, chiefly payable by instalments, about half of which is appropriated to 
special works. 

Present Position. — The population of the Deanery of Barking has grown f«om 
73,500 in 1861, to 220,000 in 1881, and, growing at the rate of about 20,000 in each 
year, has probably now reached considerably over 300,000, the growth being entirely 
of the poor or lower middle class. 

To this must now be added the parishes adjoining the new docks at Tilbury, and 
the town of Grays, whose joint population is already 20,000, and will soon be much 

The claim of these districts is one that appeals to a far wider area than the Dio- 
cese of St. Albans, and especially to residents in all parts of London. They are an 
important part of Greater London and its Port, containing — 

(a) The two greatest docks of London, viz. : the Victoria and Royal Albert, and 

the East and West India Docks at Tilbury. 
(&) The greatest gasworks, and source of most of the gaslight of London, at 


(c) Many of the great works of £ast London— /?.i7. the Great Eastern, and the 

London, Tilbury and Southend Railway Works, the Thames Iron Works, 
India-rubber Works, &c. 

(d) A large proportion of the homes of the workmen of London, and of the clerks 

of the business houses and banks of the city. 

The Bishop of St. Albans' Fund has formed 23 Mission Districts in these locaUtie8» 
of which 6 have already become separate and independent parishes. The Fnnd rap- 
ports in all about 60 living agents (Missionary and Parochial Curates, Soriptnie 
Readers, Mission and Bible Women) at a total cost of nearly 6,500/. a year. 

Seven Churcliei Scheme. — It had become evident that the population bad com- 
pletely outgrown the means of grace ,- and so a special effort was made in 1888 to 
increase the income of the Fund, so as to enable it to make grants sufficient to enaare 
the building of seven churches at once. Of these, three — <Sf. Sarioui'St and All 
Saints', Forest Gate, and St. Michael and All Angels', Walthamstaw, have been con- 
secrated ; and the foundation-stones of three others were laid in the summer of 1886 
— viz. : — 

St, Stephen'Sy Upton Park.— To be erected on the site of the old home of 
Elizabeth Fry, as a memorial of one who did so much to inaugurate Women*s Work. 
The foundation-stone was laid by H.R.H. the Princess Louise ; but at least 2,000/. 
more is required to complete it, as is desired, within the Jubilee year of Her Majesty's 

^is^o)> of ^ur^am's '^unb. 25 

St. A%irem\ Leftamtouc, the foondation-slone of vhicli waa laid by H.R.H. 
the Dake of ConiuiiiKht, ^ a memorial of William Cotton, the father ot modem 
Chnich extension in London. 

Hdg Trimty, Sermon Sill. — For a new poor district between Wanatead and 

St. Tkowtat't, Wett Sam, — For a very poor district neat Stratford Market Station, 
and the Abbe; Mills Pamping Station of the sewage works of London. 

To eranplele theiie four lait churches will catt nboaC 1 G,OOOI. more than has been 
raised at iM«8»it in giants from the Fand, Ice, and in private contribntions. 

Even when these are completed, many more choiches are argentl/ andlmme. 
diatehr nqnired. 

Xuile> XeoBs and SnBday BehMl*.— Since 1888 Mission Churches have been 
opened with targe grants from the Fond, at Brriton Gat W<rrlii; Lrvtoiitltiiie- ; 
Uyton ; St. Jokn't, Stratford ; Alt SainW, WfH Ham ; St. GabrieCt, Waltlutmttov, 
and St. Mary'i, Malttoiv. Help has been given towiuda renting Mission Rooms at 
Caiaiing TSnm; St. Luhi^t, Vietoria Doe/it; St. Mary'i, PlaUtoie, and St. Paid'*, 
Stra^^rJ; and Sunday Schools liavc been built at Lrtftmutoar, and St. lluihofl ami 
AU AngeW, WaUiaiKifoa. 

lUai.— Sixteen sites have been purchased at a cost of 1,2721., and 13 more have 
been secared as free gifts. Gome very important mission sites aie now needed, and 
noleM fands are forthcoming they will be built on and lost for ever. 

The Diocese of St. Albans, being a nen one, and in other parts purely agri- 
coHiDal, and laSering, too, from unexampled depression in its coantty districts, is 
not able to sustain this harden alone, without the co-operatjon of the wealthier parts 
of London, and ot all interested in London. 

It alone of the metropolitan dioceses has no help from the funds of the Chnrchea 
polled down in the City ; no special help (in respect of property in the district) from 
the lodeaiastical Commissionera ; and hitherto, in consequence of the difficulty of 
aoceas from the West End, no college or public school baa been attracted htte, 
tboogh it is hoped that, before long, some will be drawn by the consideration of the 
needs of this desolate region, tuiit itEi isolation iiom richer neigh bouihoods. 

All communications respecting this Fund ehoQld be addressed to the 
Rev. Canon Procter, Thorlc; Bectory, BiBhop Stortford ; or al the oflice 
of the Fond, 28 Great George Street, Westminster. 



At the Diocesan Conference (1883) a proposal was submitted to 
the Clergy atid laity to organise a movement to make further 
provision for the spiritnal wanta of the 900,000 souls farming the 
population of the present Diocese. 

A public meeting was held on January 1. 1S84, under the pre- 
sidency of the Lord Lieutenant of the county, for the purpose ot 
inaugurating a Church Bnilding Fund to extend over live years 
The Bishop's opening address proved the need for twenty-tive 
chnrches at least, and asked for a sum of from 76,000/. 

The meeting responded to the Bishop's appeal by contribu- 
tions amounting to 20,000/. 
A Council was formed for administering this Fund, and tor raising further sub- 
scriptions, in order thatthe Church might keep pace with the enonnoos growth of 

Since the above-mentioned date, in 1384, considerable progress has been made 
both with the Fond and in carrying oat its objects. The following is a aummu^ <A 
the money raised for the objects of the Fund, also of vaiiooa Ha\i\a no^. '^«B8ai% 
directly throngb the Fnnit bat devoted to Cborch Building, Btnce ]«.Ty \%%V ■- — 

26 JJ^toccscs of ^ett)casf£c on& Worcester. 

Direct subscriptiona ' 18,004?. appropriated and 18,202^. 

unappropriated) 3G,8i)fi 

Offertories 635 11 

Money raised independent Ij for churches recognised by 

tiie 5cliGme, iipproiiniBtc cutiniate .... 24,000 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners (l,B(>f>;. is inchuled in 

appropriated aubacriptiims) "sOOO 

Other Societies 1,500 

Ustimateci vnltic of sites 

a thank- 

rut:.! . ;-'.tl4l II l> 

up 111 November 1, ISSfi. 14 new diurche.s niid II mission rooms have been 
•iitbsldised by the Fund, of which the greater number nre now finished. 

At the close of October laet llio Itiahop of Durham announced hU intention of 
buildinfc a churdi In the parish of Heodon, Sunderland (the moat popnlooa pariBli i 
the Diocese and mainly composed of working-men), at a cost of 5,0001. as 
offering for blcssini; receiveJ during the first seven years of his episcopate. 
This sum is tiddilionnl to the amount aliove staled. 


In the year 1883 a commission was appointed by the 
l<i>hop to inquire ioto the spiritual wantA of certain pulihes 
in the Diocese. After a very full inveatigation of all the 
circumstances of the case, the commissioners mads the fol- 
lowing recommendations ;~ 

1 The formation of twelve new pariah choiDlws, «t an 
estimated coat of C6,000/, 

2 Fourteen additional miasion -rooms, at a cost of lt,400^ 
i The empioyment of seventeen adilitional Clergy, at an 

anninl omlay of about 2,000/. 

Tlio total amount conlributoil lownnls Church extension 
viih this Fund is now about r.5,000/. 
. VI conventional districta have been formed out of old parishes that had 
bcoomo unwieldy from the increase of population, and seven additional Clergymen 
liave been appointed to the charge of them. Four assistant curatea have also been 
])laccd in other large parishes. X^ocal building committees in these conventional 
diatrictaoro preparitut for the erection o£ permanent churches. Grants have been 
made towards eleven new churcliea and four new mission cliapels — five of these new 
churches being in the new diatriets above- uiciilioned. 

Information respectiDK tins Fund tnay bo obtained of the Honoraiy 
Secretaries, Archdeacon Hamilton, The College, Durham, and Mr. Henrf 
Cook, 29 Union Chambers, Newcastle. 

TiiK necessity of a conaidecable extension of Church accommo- 
dation in Itirmingham has long been a matter of aaiiooi thought 
and desire. The very liberal donation of 10,000?., recently placed 
at ihc disposal of the Bishop by Jlisa Ryland, haa prompted a fresh 
eJTort to meet the want wliicli ha-s been so deeply felt. A, meeting 
liai lately been held in Birminglmm with a view to sur^meat tlie 
gift of 10,000/. already referred to, by other offerings from Chnndi- 
nicn in the Diocese. A total sum of 11,S00/. has so far been ooo- 
tribuled towards the work of Church eitenaion. The trustee* of 
this fund have set: aside 3,G0O/. for the erection of a new district 
church, to be formed out of tho Parish of All Saints, UocUef. 
Ilnct sabicTlplltxt, IBfiMI, arc approiiriatAil to iwrUcohir cbmrohci. 


dioceses of (^tanftaflF anb §1. 5'<»»ii>'5- 27 

AMiistBECe to the amount of 2,B0Ol. lias been set apart fur tbc ereclioa of a missiou- 
room, and the creation of a diBtiict out of the bamlet of Deritend. Tbe truslcca 
have further given the sum of 6001. ttiwarda tbc erection of a misa ion-room in 
each of the four parishes of tit. Barnabas, St. Mark, Holy Trinity (BonloBley), 
and Saltley , The apecikl necda of this great anil growing centre of population Laj 
urgent claim upon tbe Ctaui^b spccdilj and gencrouxly to rexpond to the effort* 
whicb have now received such great eDCoamgcoient through the liberality of an 
individnal donor, aa well aa from others who liavc since made their offcriDga. Arldi- 
I iooal grants have been made in ,iid of MU^iion Itonm^ in the parieliea of St. Luke 
an<l St. Catherine ; the proposed new district of St. Itasil has been gilielte<1, and 
tlic iDcambcnt baa been licensed. 

Gommnmcationa regarding this fand should bo made to the Kev. W. 
Wilkinson, St. Martin a Rectory, Birmingham ; Bev. H. U. Bowlbj, 
St. Pbilip'a Rectoiy, Birmingham ; Rev. C. Evans, The Rectory, Solihnll. 


B8TWEt:.v the years 1860 and 1SS3, ITO churches were built, re- 
built, or restored, including the ruined cathedral, at a coat of 
360,000/. ; 16 new eccleaiastical districts were formed and endowe<I. 
During the same period the number of the Clergy was increased by 
ncarlj 100, and 42 Ijiy Readers were appointed. The Llandaff 
Church Extension Society, in addition to large sums granted for 
Church boilding, has paid'si.OOOi. towanlg the stipends of culBtes in 
the above period. In the triennial period, 1880-83, 7,a68 persons 
were confirmed; in that include<l in the .years 1883-gB the 
numbers have reached 0,787. In 18HB, 22 persons were ailmitted 
to the dinconatc, and 2,5.W were confirmed. 
Witliin the Inst tlin-e years the llishnp of LlandalT's Fund for Cliim^li Kxletision 
tias been established, for the erection of mission :ind other <'liiirolii>s in the more 
juipuloiis renlres of llie I>ioceMe, and for conlrilinling In the siiiiciuls of aildilional 
llergy. Out of this Fund grants have been made towanls I he erection of 29 new 
churches, 10 of wliich have been completed, oi«l 5 aront preiient in conrac of erection, 
15,000/. has been invested, and yields on income of SfiO/. a year, out of nliicli grants 
to the amount of 466/. have been voted towards tbc slipenibi of 10 additional clergy. 
Tlip above Fund amounts at present to 24,'JOO/. 

Daring the year 1885 2 new churches were consecrated, supplying accommodation 
for 700worshippers,anderectedatacost of 5,200/., also Amission and fchool churches, 
rontaining 1,100 bitting?, and built at an outlay of 3,600'. During the same period 
4 churches have been re-opened after complete restoration, at a cost of 5,600/,, 
making a total of 12.200/. expended on Church building and restoration in 1S85. 
Daring the same year additional ecclesiastical districts have been formed. 


Some fipures respcctiiif; the work and (h; cmdiiinn of the tliurcli in 
this large Diocese will l»e found in the YisAlt-UoOK of I8H6. The fol- 
lowing turlhsr information in chielly gathenxl from the Charge of the 
Bishop of St. David's, delivered inOctoltcrlttHfi. Confirmations.— In 
the three years ending December 31, IMM, 7,2,18 i>er8on9 were con- 
Hrmed, 3,057 being males and 4,201 females, giving a proportion of 
about 5 males to 7 females, which is larger than usual. Tlie pro- 
portion of the total number to the population of the Diocese may be 
roughly estimated at about C to 6 percent., being much tbc same as, 
or perhaps a little in excess of, the proportion found to exist 'witOTWi 
of the more poiiulou.i Enjflrnh Dioceses. Ord'innlions. — Iti X'te V\nce 
rling' iiepteatber JO, IfM, 48 Drocoiis and 40 I'ricsta ■wotc 0'C(\a\uc4\(3 X\i^ 

28 ^l^utcl^ ^xUnsion—^iocese of $t. ^cayWs. 

Bishop, or received letters dimissory, as against 46 Deacons and 43 Priests in tho 
three years ending in 1883, these being again 6 Deacons and 10 Priests more than 
were ordained in the same period ending in September 1880. As the numbers have 
increased so there is an improvement in tlie educational antecedents of the candidates 
for ordination, and in the work done by them at their examinations. In the three 
years ending in 1886, of 48 Deacons 18 came from British Universities and 25 from 
St. David's College, Lampeter, as against 13 and 21 respectively out of 46 in the 
previous three years. The Bishop especially mentions the obvious improvement in 
tlie tone, spirit, and apparent earnestness of the candidates. Church Extension. — 
15 churches were consecrated during this triennial period. A real beginning has 
been made in the most necessary work of church building in Swansea and the ad- 
jacent parishes. • Though commercial depression has prevented an appeal for funds 
being as largely responded to as might be wished, yet a church for the use of Welsh- 
speaking people at Swansea, a thing much needed, has been rebuilt and consecrated, 
one new church and one temporary church have been erected, and a new mission 
church has been built by the munificence of a private founder in the Swansea valley 
among a large working population. In the year 1885, 12 churches were consecrated 
or reopened after restoration at a cost of 13,8442. Sums expended on the restora- 
tion of the Cathedral and minor matters would bring this up to above 15,000^ Ko 
accurate statement of church building in 1886 can be so far obtained, but 16 appli- 
cations for help were made in that year to the Diocesan Church Building Branch, 
which works in union with the Incorporated C.B.S. 

The Diocesan fund for the augmentation of small benefices received in all up to 
December 31, 1885, 2,5042., out of which grants were voted amounting to 2,3502. 
This fund gives grants to meet private benefactions, and the sum so raised is to be 
met by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners or Q.A.B., so that the above sum, if claimed 
and met, would represent a capital increase of 9,4002. It may serve to show the need 
of such a fund that the average net income of the benefices to which grants were 
voted was not quite 1152. per annum. 

Quiet days were held at Brecon and Carmarthen during the summer of 1886, and 
itinerant missions giving much promise of sticcess were conducted in the districts 
adjacent to Narberth, Hay, and Llanbadarn. 


(Report for the year 1886.) 

AT the close of its first year of operation the Committee of the Swansea and East 
Gower Church Extension Fund desire to lay before their friends and supporters a brief 
account of their labours, and they do so with devout thankfulness for the past and 
earnest hope for the future. 

The great deficiency of church accommodation within the Rural Deanery of East 
Oower has long been acknowledged and deplored. There are perhaps but few places 
in the kingdom where, owing to the rapid increase of population, the necessity for 
providing additional churches and mission rooms is more painfully apparent. Within 
the last ten years the number of inhabitants has risen from ninety to neariy one 
hundred and twenty thousand, while the efforts to provide for their spiritual wants 
have hitherto been but slight and partial. Three years ago the Commission ap- 
pointed under the sanction of the Lord Bishop of the Diocese reported that out of 
17 parishes within the Rural Deanery there are but 4 adequately supplied with 
church accommodation, and that, to satisfy the requirements of the remaining 13 
parishes, at least as many churches, together with 8 or 9 mission room?, are 

Funds and Sites. — To meet this, donations and subscriptions to the amount of 
6,9312. lis. Id. have been promised and in part paid directly to this fund. In 
addition sites for new churches have been kindly given by the Corporation of 
Swansea by Mr. T. Penrice and by Mr. R. Beor. A site has also been promised at 
Birchgrove, Llansamlet, and a mission room has been opened in which services are 
now held. 

Swansea. — The first undertaking, to ^^rhich your Committee voted 5002., was the 
restoration of the church known as Old St. John's, Swansea. This has been com- 

^^VLXc^ Extension— ^xocesc of §t 'pavib's. 29 

pleted at a cost of more than 2,500Z. It provides aocommodation for 630 worshippers, 
and was reconsecrated, under the designation of St. Matthew's, as a church spedallj 
devoted to the Welsh- speaking population, on July 22 last. It is much appreciated, 
and has been well attended ever since. The adjoining mission room is now used for 
services in English, conducted chiefly by lay helpers, both morning and evening on 
Sundays, and is also well attended. The next work was the erection of a permanent 
church, St. Thomas's, to supply the place of the temporary iron church which, after 
doing g^ood service for many years, has now become dilapidated. The foundation- 
stone of this church was laid on June 18 last; its progress since then has been 
continuous, and it is expected that it will be completed about Easter next. To this 
also your committee voted a sum of 5001. out of an estimated cost of 3,300/. In 
addition to this cost, and independently of your committee, nearly 600/. has been 
paid for the site. Your committee further awarded a grant of 50/. towards the 
temporary iron church of St. Michael's, which cost altogether nearly 400/., and will 
before long be replaced by a permanent one on the site given by Mr. B. Beor. 
There is accommoidation in this church for 330 i)ersons, and the Mission Curate 
haa gathered together a very good congregation. 

Mdrriston. — The need of Church Extension is most urgently felt here. An in- 
fluential local committee has been formed, and has held several meetings. A new 
Mission Curate has been appointed, and he has entered on his duties. Services 
are now carried on both in English and Welsh, but as the only place available 
for both congregations is St. John's Chapel of Ease, with room for less than 300 
persons, a second church is a matter of very pressing necessity. The populous 
locality of Landore or Flas-y-mael is also at present without any place of worship in 
connection with our Church. Owing to its proximity to the various copper and tin 
works the population in this neighbourhood is continually on the increase, and the 
demand for church accommodation and for pastoral supervision is most pressing. 

Other Plaees. — The church at Penllergan has recently been enlarged and im- 
proved by Mr. I. T. D. Lewel3m, whose liberality in behalf of Church Extension has 
already been made public. The new church of All Saints, near Pontardawe, built 
at the sole expense of Mr. Arthur Gilbcrtson, and costing 2,500/., was opened last 
summer, and now forms an important addition to the church accommodation in that 
district. Such instances of zeal and liberality will, it is hoped, exercise their due 
influence, and stimulate others whom God has blessed with means to * go and do 

The benefits conferred by the Church Extension movement ought not to be 
estimated merely by the amount of grant voted directly in each case. Unquestionably 
it has awakened a new and fresh interest in the cause, and has been the means 
indirectly of eliciting liberal donations towards local objects. Thus during the past 
year a sum of 4,833/. over and above the grants made by your committee has been 
collected towards the cost of additional churches in and near Swansea. 

In a time of general depression such sympathy and support afford your com- 
mittee much encouragement. They feel that they are as yet only entering on their 
important task, and that what remains will need both unremitting care and earnest 
co-operation. To carry out the scheme of the Commissioners as originally proposed 
mu&t be a work of time, and its accomplishment must depend on the means at their 
disposal. The wants of the Rural Deanery are only too apparent. A large and 
arrowing population has been drawn together, for whom so far little or no spiritual 
provision in connection with the Church has been made. 

In the parish of St. Paul's, Llanelly, with a population of 10,651 yearly increasing, 
there is very interesting Church work going on. Since 1876 there has been laid out 
on the restoration and improvement of the two existing churches a sum of 14,700/., and 
on erection of school-rooms in different parts of the parish, which are used for weekly 
classes and occasional services, a sum of 1,500/. A new church, to cost 3,000/., will be 
soon roofed in, and the foundation-stone of a new mission, to cost 1,000/., has been 
already raised. 

30 ^ncotpoxatcb ^^urci^ ^ui(5ing ^ociefs* 


This Society, in connection with the Church of England, was founded in 
1818, and incorporated by Act of Parliament in 1826, and for nearly 
seventy years has taken a leading part in promoting the work of Church 
Extension in England and Wales. A summary of its work is given 

Summary of Work sinee 1818. — Total number of applications for aid, 0,055. 
Grants made, 7,470 ; viz., in aid of the erection of 1,986 additional churches and 
chapels, and of building, enlarging, or otherwise improving the accommodation in 
5,484 existing churches and chapels. By these means 1,798,GG9 additional seatjj were 
proposed to be obtained, of which 1,455,957, or three-fourths of the whole, were to 
be set apart for tlie free use of the parishioners. Sum voted by the Society towards 
these works, 923,603;., or (excluding grants cancelled, 122,4597. )» 800,779/. Estimated 
amount of further expenditure on the part of tlie public, 12,016,236/. 501 Grants 
have been made towards Mission Ihiiklings, amounting to 13,153/. 

Summary of the Society's Opeuations for the Year ending 

December 31, 1885. 
General Fund.— 

The number of appliciitions received was . . . .96 
Tiie reciuislte forms of application, plans, kc, liaving h(>cn 
examined and approved by the Society, grants were 
voted — 

Towanls building additional churches 23 

„ rebuilding existing churches 

„ enlarging or increasing accommodation in existing 
churches by extension of walls, rearrangement 
of seats, and other improvements . . .47 

— 77 
Mission Buildings Fund. — The number of applications received 

was 23 

Total J . • • . 100 

Grants were vote<l towards 23 mission churches, temporary cliurchcs, school 
churches, or liamlet chapels. 

It should be distinctly understood that the Society is dependent upon voluntary 
contributions for the means by which it is enabled to render assistance in response 
to the numerous applications received. 

The total income for 1885 was 5,382/. 13*. 3d. 

No grants can be made from the general fund towards mission buildings ; and 
this special department of the Society's work, which is now regarded as one of the 
most important branches of the Church's work, is now in very great need of 
additional support. 

All commanications respecting the Society's work should be sent to 
the Rev. R. Milbum Blakiston, M.A., F.S.A., Secretary, 2 Dean's Yard, 
Westminster, London, S.W. 



The following is a summarised record of the working of the varioas 
Piocesan Societies existing for the promotion of Church Extension. 
fy erer^ ome the aptu^l amount yote4 in grants bears indwd but ^ 

^^ttrcl^ §*(cnsion— S^iocesan Societies. 31 

small proportion to the entire sum volantarily raised and expended upon 
the work which the Diocesan Society has in each case assisted. 

N.B. — Grants made for Educational Purposes from any of the following Funds 

are not generally noted here. 








Onrham . 


Name of Society anil Secretary 

. '■ Diocesan CnuRcicBriLDiNc; 
AND Enikiwmknt Society. 
Rev. W. Flower, 
Worth Vicarage, Sandwicli. 



W. II. Cobh, Esq., York 

Mii>i)Li-:smn;oi:<;ii axi> 


Extension Society. 
Rev. W. R. Sharro<^k, 
Omiesby Vicarage, 


Extension S*x,ietv. 
J. II. Nelson, l^q., 
46a Pall Mall, S.W. 

The IIami'siiiim: Dkm ksax 


K. Willan, y.><{., 
Thumhill Park, Bittcrnc, 

i West Suurey Diocesan 


llov. B. Hicheus, Ottershaw 

Vicarage, Chertsey. 
Church Building S<:kiety 
Rev. A. D. Shafto, 

Braueepcth Rectory, 

Diocesan Church 

Extension Society, 
Rev. H. Ree*, Ymmffo, 



Abstract Stnteincut of C rants, 1885-8G 

Grantis were made of 375/. towards en- 
larging and restoring churches ; 375/. 
towards building parsonages; 100/. 
towards endowments; 100/. towards 
a mission cliurch, and 50/. towards 
increasing the stipend of two small 
incumbencies; 100/. to meet a total 
estimated expenditure of 12.542/. 

Six grants, amounting to 231/., were 
made for the buihling and restora- 
tion of churchw ; 450/., in three 
grants, for new parsonages ; 300/. for 
endowment ; 137/. in one grant form is- 
Hon chapels ; making a total of 1,118/. 
to assist an est imated outlay of 14,607/. 

This Society was foumled in October 
1883 lo promote Church Extensi(»n. 
In 1885 grants to the amount of 
375/. Mcrc made for the building 
of missitm rooms, at an estimated 
ccst of 1,430/. 

Five grants, amounting to 500/., one 
«»t' 50/. for parsonage, were made for 
tJie buildint; and enlargement of 
churches. From its commencement 
in 1854 the Society has expended 
the sum of 91,370/. in various 
branches of Church Extension. 

( J rants paid during the year 1885 to 
curates, mission women, and lay ! 
readers, amounted to 1,270/. U)s, 'lil. \ 
For church building and restoration, \ 
613/. 7*. \0d. For school building and 
enlargement, 157/. 10>. For the In- 
hpection of schools in relijjious sub- 
jects', 4yi/. 14«. 2t/. For Winchester 
Diocesan Training College, 298/. 19«. 
Augmentation of small livings, 100/. 
Since the year 1871, the Society has 
expended the sum of 39,794/. 18s. M. 
The whole income of the Society is 
derived from Hampshire and the Isle 
of Wight, and expended within the 
same limits. 

Grants of 65/. for church buidling; 
grants to sti|>cnds (»f assistant 
cIcr'Ty, loo/., lay reader, 75/. 

Three grants, amounting to 26(i/., were 
made tor church building and restora- 

Grants auuinutiug to 916/. U. 3</. 
were undo to curates, l^^iL lo \a\' 
njafler^J. nud 4i»/. to c\\\.\xt'\\ \)n\\C^\\\^, 

32 ^^VLtc^ Extension— diocesan Societies. 



Bangor (eont) 

Bstli and Wells 

Carliile . 




GlonoMtar and 


Hereford . 

Name of Society and Secretary 

Diocesan Church Building 


Rev. Canon Pryce, Trcfdraeth 
Bectory, Llangefni. 

Diocesan Socikty. 
Rev. Prebendary Walrond, 
Yatton Vicarage, Somerset. 

DiocKSAN Church 
ExTRMsioN Society. 

Canon Chalker, B.D.. 
The Abbey, Carlisle. 

DiocKSAV Association. 
Rev. Prebendary Deane, 

East Marden Rectory, 


D10CB8AN Fund. 
Archdeacon Veeey, 

Castle HUl House, 


Diocesan Church Building 

DiocKSAN Association. 

Canon GolighUy, 
Shipton Moyne Rectory, 
TetDury, also Rev. £. W. 
Estoourt, Newtown Rectory 

Bristol Church 

Extension Fund. 
Rev. J. G. Alford, 

St Nicholas' Vicarage, 


Diocesan Church Building 

Rev. G. H. Clay, 

Aston Rectory, Ludlow. 
Rev. A. James, Burwarton 

Rectory, Bridgenorth. 

Abstract Statement of Grants, 1885-86 

165/. was expended in three bnilding 

Grnnb?, amounting to 230^, were made 
for the building and restoration of 
churches, and iSsL 12«. in twentv-six 
grants for additional clergy. Since 
its formation this Society has ex- 
pended on church building 22,976iL 

Five grants to church restoration, 
amounting to 2bOL ; 400/. in two 
grants to parsonage-houses ; 900/. in 
six grants to augmentation of 
benefices. From 1862 to June 1886 
the Society expended 54,531/. 0«. 8d, 
upon its inclusive objects, eliciting 
during the same period a sum of 
298,808/. 13«. id, from public and 
private sources. 

Seventeen grants, amounting to 900/., 
were made for church building, 
restoration, and mission chapels ; 
twenty-eight grants for additional 
clerg>', amounting to 620/.; two 
grants, amounting to 125/. for the 
augmentation of benefices, and 825/. 
for three parsonage-houses. The 
Association nas spent 100,000/. upon 
its inclusive objects since its com- 
mencement in 1838. 

Seventeen grants, amounting to 475/.) 
were made for church building, 
enlargement, and restoration ; 950/L 
in grants for assistant clergy and 
lay readers; 40/. for parscMiagt- 
houses. 1,465/. in all was spentby 
the Fund for Church Extension. 

Six grants were made to the bnilding 
and enlarging of churches, amounting 
to 260/. (for 1885) 

Grants to church building amounting 
to 615/. ; to building of parscuage- 
houses, 185/. ; and ITSL to the endow- 
ment of poor livings. These grants 
have elicited from other sources the 
sum of 17,442/. 

During the last three vears 28,719/. has 
been collected. With this five new 
parishes have been formed, chnrch 
sites and three mission chapel sites 
purchased, grants towards five new 
churches and two mission chapels, 
and the payment of three additional 

275/. was granted for chnrch restoration 
and building of parsonage-houses in 
the Archdeaconry of Hereford, and a 
sum of 81/. was distributed for a 
like purpose in the Archdeaconry of 

^^ntcff ^xlenBxon— diocesan Societies. 33 

S0CIKTIE8 FOB THE Promotion of Church Building and 'ExTESBiov—eajUiHvad. 

Lielifleld . 

Lincoln . 


Tj^n ^ fiff , 




• • 

Oxford • 


D10CE8AX Churcii 
ExTENsiox Society. 

Charles Greeley, Esq^ 
The Qose, Lichfield. 

XoTTiXGiiAM Spiritual 
Aid and Ciiukcu 
Extension Fund. 

Church Buildino Society. 
Rev. Canon Eyre, 

St Michael's, Toxteth, 

Df<)CEs.vN Church 

Extension Society. 
J. WatsoD, Esci., 

The Lodge, Llandaff. 

Diocesan Society. 
Rev. F. W. Edmondes, 
Fitzhamon Court, Bridgend. 

Diocesan Church Building 


Rev. Canon Tonge, 
Diocesan Chambers, 
South King Street, 

Diocesan Church Building 

Rev. W. T. Moore, 

The Close, Norwich. 
Diocesan Church Buildinc; 

Rev. Canon Ashhurst, 

Waterstock Rectory, 


Church Building Associa- 
tion for Archdeaconries 
OF Northampton and 

Itcv. F. C. AldersoD, Holdenby 
Rectory, Northampton. 

Abstract Statement of Grants, 1885-86. 

Thirteen grants, amonntinfic to lt299/., 
were made for the building and en- 
largement of churches ; 400/. in two 
grARts for parsonage-bouses ; 700iL 
in seven grants for endowment ; forhr- 
ono grants, amounting to 1,448/., for 
additional clergy; 62/. was voted 
towards the hiring of tcmporan* 
places of worship. 

Five grants have been made for ad- 
ditional Clergy, amounting to 800/., 
and 1,861/. 7s, Id, has been granted 
towards church building. (1885) 

727/. 10«. was actually paid in grants 
for church building, mission rooms, 
&c 1,243/. 10«. grants outstanding. 

Forty-two grants, amounting to 1,254/., 
were mi^e for additional clergy; 
180/. expended in five grants for 
building and restoration of churches 
and mission-rooms ; 50/. for two 
parsonage houses. 

Five grants, amounting to 120/., were 
voted for church extension, and five 
grants were paid, amounting to 110/. 

(For 1885) nine grants, amounting to 
2,315/., were made for the building, en- 
largement, and endowmentof churches; 
six grants, amounting to 525/., for par- 
sonages ; and five gi'ants, amounting 
to 850/., for the augmentation of poor 
benefices or the endowment of new 
districts, making a total of 3,690/. 
granted towards an estimated outlay 
of 40,196/. capital and 374/. per an- 
num. A new grant of &0L for a mis- 
sion curate in charge of a conven- 
tional district, and one of 50/. for a 
mission church, have been made. 
Since its formation in 1851 the So- 
ciety has granted 124,248/. 

Ton grants were made to church build- 
ing and restoration, amounting to 
167/. 10». 

Six grants amounting to 557/., were 
contributed to church building and 
restoration. From 1847 to 1885 the 
Society has expended 43,677/. upon 
its prescribed objects, calling forth 
voluntary offerings for church exten- 
sion to the amount of nearly 815,000/. 

Grants amounting to 105/. were made 
to the building and restoration of 
six churches at an estimated cost ol 


34 ^^urcl^ ^tiension— diocesan $ociefie$. 

8001BTIE8 FOR THE Pbomotion OF Chuboh BUILDING AND 'ExmnsiOK— -continued. 




8t. Aiiph . 


St. Albans . 





Name of Society and Secretary 

Diocesan Church Building 

Bey. Canon Owen, Rev. Canon 

Pulleine, and Rev. Canon 

Ingham-Brooke, Thomhill 

Rectory, Dewsbory. 
Leeds Church Extensiox 

Beys. F. G. Hume Smith and 

£. Xewsham, Esq., Leeds 

Church Institute; C. L. 

Mason, Esq., 4 Woodhouse 

Diocesan Church Building 

The Dean of St Asaph, The 

Deanery, St. Asaph. 
Church Extension Society. 

P.P.Pennant, Esq., Nantlys, 

St. Asa^. 
Church Building Society. 
Bey. Canon Mayor, 

Prating Rectory, 


Diocesan Church Building 

Hon. and Rcy. Canon Gordon, 

The Close, Salisbur}*. 
Rey. Canon Sir Talbot Baker, 

Bart., Ranston, Blandford. 
Birmingham Church 

Extension Society. 
Rey. Canon Bowlby, 

St. Philip's Rectory. 
Church Extension Society 

for the Archdeaconry 

op Worcester. 
Rey. Canon Walters, 

The Vicarage, Pershore. 

Church Extension Society 
FOR the Archdeaconry 
of Coventry. 

Rev. T. T. Thorn, 
Stoneleigh Vicarage. 

Abstract Statement of Grants, 188>-86 

104/. 10«. g^nted for enlargement of 
two churches ; 150/., in two grants 
towards endowment; 275/., in four 
^ants to parsona^houses ; 125/., 
m four grants to mission rooms. 

Special fund disbursements and church 
buildings, 4,619/. 6s. Grant for 
church Duilding, amounting to 500/.; 
four for assistant clergy, 712/. 10s. ; 
for mission buildings, 648/. 

Six grants were voted, amounting to 
455/., to supplement local and other 
resources, to the estimated total of 

Nineteen grants were paid, amounting 
to 875/. (1886.) 

Ten grants, amounting to 890/., were 
made for building and restoration 
of churches and mission chapels, at 
on estimated cost of 84,946/., provid- 
ing additional 8,368 sittings. 

Grants were made by the Society to 
the amount of 610/., to assist in the 
building and restoration of eight 
churches, estimated to cost 12,595/. 

Throe grants were made, amounting to 
315/., for church building, two for 
additional dergjr, amounting to 80/^ 
one of 50/. for mission room. 

Nine grants, amounting to 988/. 15«., 
were given towards church building 
and restoration ; viz. : 878/. 15s. 
towards church building and restora- 
tion, and 60/. towards mission room, 
and 50/. towards parsonages. 

One grant towards church building, 
amounting to 21/. 10s. One for en- 
dowment of 40/. Four grants for 
mission rooms 130/. Since 1851 the 
Society has spent 14,000/. and up- 
wards upon its inclusive objects. 


The thirty-eighth report of the Commissioners famishes the following 
carefully prepared statement, exhibiting the extent to which the augmen- 
tation and endowment of benefices has been assisted by the Commissioners 
in response to the very large amonnt of private benefaction which has 
jbeen called lortb. 

^cclcsiasf ical ^omntissiott— '^cw S^isfricfs. 35 

TATION AND Endowment of Benefices from 1840 to October 31, 

I. Total number of benefices augmented, npwards of 5,300. 
U. Total value of grants made by the Commissioners, 739,000Z. per 
annum (perpetual annuity), representing 22,170,000/. in capital 

III. Total value of benefactions to meet the Commissioners' grants, 

4,630,000?., equivalent to a permanent increase in the endow- 
ments of benefices of about 151,000Z. per annum. 

IV. 26,000Z. per annum contributed by benefactors to meet Commis- 

sioners' grants for Curates in Mining Districts. 
V. Total increase in the incomes of benefices from augmentation 
and endowment secured through the instrumentality of the 
Commissioners, 916,000Z. per annum to October 31, 1885, 
representing the income which would bo derived from a 
capital sum of about 27,480,000Z. 

The work of the Commissioners will be found presented in detail in 
tbe statistical section of this book, and those who are interested in tho 
growth and stability of the Church will mark with thankfulness the 
evident liberality with which Churchmen are still ready to make personal 
sacrifices to extend her power and usefulness. 


The measure of the Church's readiness to respond to the call to open up 
new fields of labour may be tested by the number of new districts formed 
from time to time ; every such district practically representing a fresh 
and ssealous effort to bring the ministry of the Church within reach of the 
people making demands upon her services and hitherto but partially pro- 
vided for. In the year 1880 Sir John Mowbray asked that a return 
should be made to the House of Commons of the number of parishes or 
difltriets constituted under the severally recognised Acts of Parliament 
since the year 1868 to the present time ; this return has been brought 
into a summary corrected to the latest possible date, and is included with 
other statistical tables in another section of this book. 


It has been thought that it would bo interesting to draw attention to the 
great scope which the increase of population (especially in the largo 
centres of the manufacturing districts) has presented during the last 
quarter of a century or more for the activity of the Church. The facts 
which are presented in the following reports give abundant proofs of the 
zeal with which both clergy and laity have striven to supply the wants 
which the necessities of each case have demanded. 

It is intended from year to year to give further illostratioiia ol n^otV 
of this character ; for the present they are confined to reports upouCViMTcJa. 
Extension in tbe following towns, viz., Sheffield, Preston, 'NoTt\i«Lm'^\iOTi, 


36 ^l^urcl^ Extension in S^at^e '^omns. 

Hastings, Wolverhampton, Leicester, Nottingham, and Bolton ; the three 
latter appeared last year. In order to give confidence in these state- 
ments, it may be well to add that the facte in each case have been col- 
lected with considerable labour by those who, from local connections, had 
every facility for obtaining the information. In Preston a committee was 
formed of clergy and laity specially for this purpose. Taking the towns 
that were dealt with last year, and those now referred to, the following 
summary will show what the Church has done during the past 25 years in 
these places, in so far as the work can bo represented by.figuros : — 

Barrow-in-Furness . . 50,000 

Bolton 290,000 

Roohdalc .... 93,070 

Leicester .... 252,790 

Nottingham .... 201,909 



. 317,783 

Northampton . 

. 178.473 

Preston . 

. 292,280 


. 186,3.30 


. 210,835 

Compiled by the Rev. William Odom, Vicar of St, SivwiCs, Shtiffield. 

Growth of TowxL — The rapid growth of Sheffield in population, wealth, and com- 
mercial importance during the last fifty years has been most marked. Notwithstand- 
ing that a • Shefeld thwytel ' is mentioned by Chaucer in his * Canterbury Tales,' and 
the fact that Sheffield cutlery found its way to Court as early as 1341, the town 
had in the year 1615 only 2,207 inhabitants, mostly very poor. In 1736 the popula- 
tion had increased to 14,105, and in 1801 to 45,755. At this latter date Sheffield was 
under one vicar and possessed three churches and two small chapels of ease. In 
1821 the population had risen to 65,276 ; in 1841 to 110,891 ; in 1861 to 185,172 ; and 
in 1881 to 284,410. Notwithstanding a long period of severe trade depression, the 
population has gone on increasing, and at the beginning of 1886 considerably ex- 
ceeded 300,000, giving an increase during the 25 years of fully 115,000. The sub- 
joined figures clearly indicate that during this period the National Church has done 
much to meet the spiritual and educational requirements of the people. 

Present Namber of ChnroheB.— Sheffield had at the close of 1885, 37 parishes, 
each with its church, clergy, schools, parochial organisations, and, except in a few 
cases, a parsonage. The annexed table shows that of the 34 churches built during 
the present century, 16 have been erected during the 25 years 1860-86. Of these 
several have been endowed by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. The Sheffield 
Church Burgesses, a corporation in which considerable patronage is vested, have 
also granted endowments to several ; whilst three were endowed by the late Mr. 
Henry Wilson, a most munificent contributor to Church work in Sheffield. The 37 
parishes hereafter indicated are all within the borough of Sheffield. The population 
has overflowed the borough boundaries, and 4 churches have been erect^ed just out- 
side these boundaries, viz. : Wadsley, Wincobank, Abbeydale, and Norton Lees, the 
first three of which were given by private donors, and the last built by public sub- 
scription. These 4 churches are iwt included in the present return. 

Of the churches built since 1860, 3 are due to the liberality of private donors; 
and 11 have been built under the au.spices of the Sheffield Church Extension 
Societies. Another district— Ncwhall — making 38, is already marked out for a 

In consequence of many deaths and changes, there has been considerable diffi- 
culty in obtaining the desired information concerniog some of the parishes. Where, 
however, the figures are not absolutely exact, they may be taken as understating the 
amount actually contributed. Grants made by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, 
Queen Anne's Bounty, and the Committee of Council on Education, are not taken 
into account. 

Edneation. — There are now in Sheffield 34 Church elementary day schools, with 
acoommodatioa for 16,827 scholars. In addition there are several buildings used for 
Sunday school and other parochial purposes. 

9§nrc$l@xicttsion in <Sor9c ^omns. 37 

1 -HllpSili.sBtp, ipllllEillil Hllijfr 
11 , -|.| : i||- 


i|jl 181 iSI:|! S|S|IJ'i!l5il!H I! 1 i »i 13 1 


if - 1 iii|iiS'i:iMi:i::,«3; « : i ! H ii:| 

|| ,,|| il,l|;;|,P|t,|||!|S5|| Wg JSJ I, ,, 


III l^l'g 1 1 1 11 1 1- 1 1 m|i 1 1 ;- 1 M 15 ll 1 1 112 M II 







" „Jri;7la='issv,., 5HI! 11 1 1 11! il II 




III 1 1 1 M ! 1 1 M '1 1 1 1 Ig 1 1 1 1 1 M 1 1 III II 11 



IP 8i.5§.plilll,liiliHli.ip gl g 1 III U n 



III ili|||lli5|i|IIISll5iil « ! i HI il II 


= J 


'55 iSISiHilllillili!!'!!!! IS i i HI Is si 







D -«« ,o«^!c<»2-H«^s2^3285RasaS SS S S SSS SS SK l| 

Summary.— The work of Church and School Extension during the 25 years 

1860-85 may be summed up thus : — 


16 new churches £131,840 

18 churches enlarged and restored 46,007 

9 new parochial and mission rooms 23,810 

24 parsonage houses 34,665 

30 parochial schools built or enlarged .... 52,360 

7 churches endowed 15,275 

Total subscribed » . . £303,957 

Providing additional accommodation in : — 

Churcnes and mission rooms for 14,230 persons. 

Day and Sunday schools for 13,826 scholars. 

Total Aooommodation in 37 churches and mission rooms, 34,350. 

Further Extension. — At Carbrook, tlic church, which is of iron, will, it is ex- 
pected, shortly be replaced by one much larger, of stone. For this a site lias been 
secured and a considerable sum subscribed. At Brightsidc a large mission hall is 
about to be built, towards which upwards of 1,000/. has been subscribed. In Em- 
manuel parish 7001. of the amount named under ' Education,' is for proposed new 
schools, and in St. Bartholomew's, Ijangsctt lload, llOl. is in hand for a like purpose. 
A generous donor has recently given 1,000/. towards the endowment of St. Paul's, 
and a large sum has lately been given in augmentation ef the endowment of All 
Saints'. The two last-named cascn are not included in the present returns. In the 
three parishes of St. Jude Moorfields, St. Michael and All Angels, and St. Simon, 
the parsonage houses have not yet been erected, but the amounts subscribed are in- 
vested with the Ecclesiastical Ck)mmissioners. 

Funds for General Church Work. — It is impossible to give, even approximately, 
the vast amount raised in Sheffield during the last 25 years for general Church work, 
such as Home and Foreign Missions, Diocesan Societies, Church expenses, benevolent 
and charitable objects, &c., &c. Figures, however, are available which show that 
the amount given for these general objects during the ten years ending June 1883 
was 179,647/. For the year ending Easter, 1885, the contributions were 27,252/., and 
for the year ending Easter 1886, 29,141/. The two last amounts are exclusive of the 
subscriptions of Sheffield Churchmen to the Diocesan Church Extension Society, the 
Sheffield Scripture Readers' Society, the Sheffield Church Conference, the Sheffield 
Church of England School Aid Society, &c. 

NOBTHAMPTON. (Diocese of Peterborough.) 

Compiled by Canon Huqhes, Hear of St. £dmu}ul% Xorthamjjton, 

The following summary is an attempt to tabulate the financial work of the Churdi 
in this Midland town, during the last twenty-five years, from 1860-85. Every effort 
has been made to secure accuracy of statement ; but it has been found impossible to 
obtain a complete record of all the voluntary funds raised, during so long a period, in 
the several parishes, for the maintenance of Clergy, for Home and Foreign Missions, 
and for the support of the poor and local charities. The returns, therefore, under these 
three divisions are considerably less than the sums actually disbursed. They only 
represent the amount of which records have been kept. Deaths, and the removal of 
Vicars to other spheres of labour, have rendered it difficult to acquire such accurate 
statements of charities raised for local purposes as might be desirable. 

The population of the Parliamentary borough amounted in 1861 to 32,803; in 
1881 to 64,900. To supply the spiritual necessities of a rapidly increasing population, 
the Church, before 1860, had carried on her work, with considerable energy, under the 
leadership of Chancellor Wales, then Vicar of All Saints'. Between 1839 and 1852 
the three large churches of St. Katharine, St. Andrew, and St. Edmund were erected, 
and new parishes formed at a cost of 14,450/. Between 1852 and I860 education 
was promoted, by the erection of large and capacious school-rooms, in each of these 
new parishes. In 1855, St. Giles's, one of the four remaining of the old town 
churches, was restored and enlarged at a cost of 5,183/. lOt, ld» The number of 
sittings therein was increased from 420 to 901. 

^I^urcl^ Extension in <$airgc %ovDn&, 39 

These efforts, carried on during the years immediately preceding 1860, when the 
tabulated returns for the last twenty-five years commence, seem to hare exhausted, 
for a time, the resonrces of Churchmen in both town and county. 

Bishop Ifogee, immediately on bis appointment to the Hee of Peterborough in 
1868, directed hiis efforts to Church extension in the two largest towns of the 
Diocese, viz. Leicester and Northampton. The former, as the laager of the two, 
naturally first claimed his attention. 

In 1 871 St. James' Church, Northampton, was consecrated, and a suburban parish 
was formed on the west side of the town, the inhabitants of which belong almoit 
exclusively to the artisan class. The Education Act of 1870 placed great pressure on 
Churchmen in all the large parishes of the town to enlarge and complete th^ school 
buildings. As soon as this pressure had passed away, an influential meeting of tte 
inhabitants of the town and county was held, under the presidency of the Bishop of 
the Diocese, in the Town Hall, on March 25,*1875, to inaugurate a Church Extension 
Society for Northampton. The Bishop, with his wonted lucidity of statement, placed 
before his audience the spiritual needs of the people, and ventured to ask for a sum 
of 33,000^ to supply immediate deficiencies by the erection of four new diurches. 
Two of these were to be erected in the parish of St« Edmund, at the east end of 
the town; one in the parish of Kingsthorpe, on the north side; and one at Far 
Cotton, on the south side. The appeal of the Bishop has been responded to with 
considerable enthusiasm, notwithstanding the long depression in the trade of the 
county. The subjoined is an abstract of the report presented by the Archdeacon of 
NorthEunpton, as permanent chairman of the Building Committee, to a meeting of sub- 
scribers held, under the presidency of the Bishop, in the Town Hall, in November 


OCTOBEB 31, 1885. 

Db. £ i. 

Satncriptlons, Donationn, and 



By Expenditure ...» 

£ «. 

. S5,509 8 

Offertoric« .... 26,055 17 
Bank IntcreiSt .... 461 
Laud gireu .... 8,000 

Estimated value of land given . 
Balance in band OGJbol)er 31, 1885 

• 3,000 
7 9 


£38,516 18 


£28.516 18 


St. Crispin's Church, capable of holding 350 worshippers, was erected in 1883-84 
at a cost of 3,758/. in the parish of St. Sepulchre. The bulldiug has not been con- 
secrated, so that, although tabulated amoug the new churches in the Statistical 
Summary, it comes rather under the description of a permanent mission room. 

We find, therefore, from the summary, that there has been expended during the 
last twenty-five years : — 

£ /. rf. 

On Church Extension 1)0,121 13 5^ 

On School Buildings, &cc 23,557 1 10 

On Maintenance of Clergy, Missions, and Local Charities . 77,339 1 10^ 

Total . . . .£191,017 17 2 

An active propaganda of both Secularism and Socialism has been carried on for 
many years in the town, from London as its head-quarters. The hold, however, 
which such theories have attained over the better class of mechanics is very super- 
ficial. Indifference to religion, as distinct from, although closely allied to, unbelief, 
prevails to a very large extent amidst the great mass of the population. The 
churches, old and new, arc well attended by intelligent and earnest congregations. 
At one church, situated in the midst of a working-class population, the number of 
communicants on last Easter Day amounted to 552. It is a fallacy to believe that 
shoemakers have no heart for religion, no belief in our Saviour, and no love for His 
Church. To witness crowds of riveters kneeling before the altar and reverently putting 
forth their hands to receive the Bread of Life is a sight not easily forgotten. For 
some years to come the energies of Churchmen will be strained to the utmost in 
Northampton to win back the careless and unbelieving into the fold of the Church ; 
but everything in the present bids the workers for Christ to face that future with 
firm faith and quiet confidence. 

40 ^^uxc^ ^aefcnsion in ^ctt^c '^omiid. 



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PBMTCT. (Diocese of XanelieBter) 

Compiled by the Rev. J. Haheb Rawdon, Vicar of Preston (assisted by a Committee). 

The following statement is a record of Chnrch extension, and of the amounts 
raised for Church purposes within the municipal borough of Preston for twenty-five 
years, between 1860 and 1885. 

The information thus tabulated has been kindly supplied by the local Clergy, who 
have been at much pains to secure its accuracy. In some few cases the death or 
removal of Clergy has made it impossible to g^ve more than approximate results, but 
care has been taken in these cases to keep well within the mark. 

It will be observed that besides the sums spent on the building, renovation, and 
endowment of churches and schools, other voluntary funds, for (1) the maintenance 
of Assistant Clergy and Church services, (2) Home and Foreign Missions, (3) the sup- 
port of the Poor and local Charities, (4) Charitable endowmen ts, have been included, 
aceording to the form supplied by the Editor of the Official Year Book. 

It explained that pew-rents paid towards the income of a benefice have 
been excluded from Sec. V., Div. I., and are not reckoned in the returns ; also that 
where new parishes have been formed all funds raised up to the time of the conse- 
cration of the new church have been put to the account of the original parish, out 
of which the new one was formed. The case of Ribbleton is an exception, the new 
parish having been formed and endowed before a permanent church was built. 

Social Changes and Increaic of Population. — The area of the borough has been 
enlarged by the incorporation of the outljing district of Ashton^on-Ribble and a 
portion of Ribbleton, and the 4own has rapidly expanded in all directions. The popu- 
lation in I860 was about 82,000 ; it now approaches 105,000. About 62,600, or one- 
half, belong to the Church of England. There are about 35,000 Roman Catholics, 
and about 19,500 Nonconformists. The chief industries are cotton-spinning and 
manufacturing. There are also some large iron foundries, machine and boiler works, 
and Iron shipbuilding yards. 

Preston is not a particularly wealthy place, and during the latter half of the 
period comprised in the returns it has lost many of its most liberal givers. The sums 
raised have thus been largely contributed by the middle classes and the better class 
of working-men. These last have shown much zeal and interest in the work of the 
Church, and their thrift has enabled thera to be generous. It may be well to state 
here that the local savings bank has the largest number of accounts opened and the 
largest amount deposited, in proportion to the population of the town, of any similar 
institution in the kingdom. The Sunday schools are very large, and contain many 
adult classes, and the people are deeply attached to them, the annual procession of 
teachers and scholars at Whitsuntide numbering from 12,000 to 14,000. 

Increase of Church and School Accommodation.— Five New Churches have been 
built, and two rebuilt within the twenty-five years ; also four School-Chapels built, 
and five Mission Rooms built or provided. Two new Churches have since been begun 
(1886), and a third is contemplated. 

The general totals may be thus given : — 

New churches ... :f 50,710 

Enlargement and restoration of old churches and mifsiou rooms . . . 36,227 

Parsonages 14,804 

Endowments 19,635 

(Additional church accommodation for 7,478.) 

Schools, cost of 34,834 

(Additional school places, 6,983.) 

Maintenance of Assistant Clei^' and Chnrch services 71,863 

Home and Foreign Missions (general and diocesan) . . £40,014 
Subscriptions for ditto not included in the tabulated form, esti- 
mated at 14,000 


Support of the poor and local charities • 18,501 

Charitable endowments £4,702 

Bequests to the Poor (Miss Pennington & E. R. Harris, Esq.) . . 1,600 


Total of voluntary contributions .... £307^^0 
* TbU does not Include tubtcripH<mt to the Inflnuary and other local chaxVlk^. 

42 iif)nxc^ Extension in <$arge ^ott>ns. 

Churoh Work aad SsteAf ion in tht Ttwm 0f 


I.FopulAttou II. Church 

Social Coadition of People 





L FariHh Church (St.* 

Wealthier classea, tradcamen, and aome rezy 





2. St. Q«orge'i . 

Wealthier classes, tradesmciii and lome very 





8. Holy Trinity . . . 

Tradesmen and very poor • • • . 





4. St. Peter's . 

Trndesmen, artisan?, openitires, and very 





6. StPanl's . . 

Tradesmen, artisans, and operatives . 





. Christ Chorch 

Wealthier daases, artisans, and railway men 





7. St. Mary's . 

Tradesmen, artisans, and operatirea • 





8. St. Thomas' . 

Tradeemen, artisans, and operatives, vrith a 
few of the wealthier classes 





9. St. James* . 

Tradesmen, artisans, and operative? 





10. All Saints' . . 

Tradesmen, operatives and very poor . 



1,200 1,450 


11. St. Luke's . 

Middle class, artissan^, and operatives . 



800 800 

12. St. Mark's . 

ArtiKAnrs railway men, aud oiwrativcs 
(built 1869) 





13. St. Saviour's . 

Operatives, nearly all very poor (built 1868) 




14. Emmanuel . 

Middle class, artisans, and operatives (built 




15. St. Matthew'ii 

Tradesmen and operatives (built 1883) • 





16. Ashton-on-Ribble . 

(Suburb) Wealthier and middle cUisscti, 
with many artisans and poor 





17. Ribbleton 

(Suburl)) chiefly agricultural (temporary 

Totals • • 








The total of church accommodation includes enlarged churches and mission rooms. 

(a) The accommodation in new chnrches enoloaed in brackets is given below in th« reUun ol each 
nsw parish. 

(6) The remaining cost of St. Mark's New Chnrch (8,000/.), and endowment of 1,0001., inolndtd in 
return of Christ Church. 

^fyixc^ ^xien&ion in Soxq^ ^omns. 43 

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3,377 R'lO Se.»7 H.»8< 19,e»«,983 S4.S34 :71,S(i3,40,BU|ie^l 4,70! 

1 1 i '< 1 1 1 1 1 

le Tcm^alnK «»t ol SL SnTioiii'a Clmn 

{d) The reniAlnlDff cost of EnmuDncl Nvw 
ntani of St. Falur*! Cbnrcb. 


)1 1,0001, Lncliklta in 

ouDt dI 1D>,3GSI. hiT« liecn contributed 

44 @^utc]^ Extension in S^axqe ^otDtts. 

WOLTBBHAMPTOy. (Diooeie of Lichfield.) 

Compiled by the Rev. J. T. Jeffcock, Rector and Rural Dean of Woherhamjfton. 

Wolverhampton is the metropolis of the South Staffordshire iron and coal industry. 
Its manufactures are almost entirely of heavy or light iron goods, or articles connected 
with the iron trade. The population in 1881 of the municipal borough was 75,685 
(estimated now at about 80,600) ; but of the rural deanery (which includes also the 
old districts of Bilston, Willenhall, and Wednesfield) it was 127,675. The population 
of the parliamentary borough of Wolverhampton is, I suppose, about 165,000. 

The adjoined table refers only to the growth of Church work within themunicipal 
borough^ and sums voluntarily contributed to such work. I have taken the popula- 
tions for the various parishes from the returns in the LichBeld Diocesan Calendars of 
1863 and 1886. The rest of the statistical information has been supplied to me, at 
no little trouble to them8elve.«», by the various incumbents, with the kind help, in 
many cases, of the churchwardens and schoolmasters. In most cases the figures are 
the actual sums known from existing accounts to have been spent, and thus repre- 
senting at any rate the minimum of money spent on the various items of Church 
work. In many of these instances, I have no doubt, more was spent of which no 
record remains. The reason for this is obvious : in some parishes there have been 
three — ^in one even four — vicars, and in all at least one change of incumbent during 
the quarter of a century over which the inquiry extends. Unhappily, much local 
knowledge perishes with each change of incumbent. In cases where only ettimates 
have been made I have placc<l an ast^jrisk (♦) ; these refer to current expenditure. 
The five parishes printed in italics have had parish churches built in them, and been 
themselves constituted since 1860, and have been taken from their mother parish 
printed immediately above them. In the case of Christ Church, however, a portion 
of St. Mary's and of St. Andrew's were amalgamated to form the consolidated 
chapelry. Though the capital expended by Church-folk on school buildings is tabu- 
lated, I regret the voluntary current expenditure on school work is not fully given ; 
in some cases the incumbents have included it in the Home Mission Work column, 
but in some cases no account whatever is taken of it, so that our totals are set down 
at too little. I am not quite sure also whether in every case in the school building 
' coit * column my informants have excluded the Government grant, which up to about 
1874 used to meet private benefactions. Later additions to our schools have had no 
help from Government at all. 

I summarise the tables thus: — During the twenty- five years the population has 
increased by above 10,000; and the Church, in addition to 9,777 sittings in existence 
at the beginning of the period, has by private munificence provided 4,945 new 
sittings, being more than is required for such increase, but not enough as yet to 
satisfy this increase and at the same time make up the arrears of deficiency there 
were at the commencement of the period. There is ample scope for two new churches, 
or four additional good-sized mission rooms. The Church has provided 2,839 addi- 
tional school places for day scholars, and has to-day between 8,000 and 9,000 scholars 
triuning in her day schools. 

Capital Accou7it, 1860-1885. Annual 

Capital laid out in church, mission room, and parsonage buildings average 

and endowment of vicarages £75,818 £3,032 

Laid out on school building 8,808 352 

Laid out on building church orj^hanagcs for the working- 

cla«vses, &c 4,905 196 

Total .... £89,531 £3.580 

Current Account, 1860-1885. 

Voluntary offerings laid out in maintenance of assistant clergy 

and Church services £51,770 £2,070 

Home and foreign missions, &c 3.3,034 1,357 

Bupoort of the poor, hospitals, and local charities . . . 35,600 1,424 

Total .... £121.304 £4,851 






I 5 










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Total .... £210,835 £8,433 

Contiibated during the twenty-five years 210,835/. ; that is, contributed after the 
rate of 8,433/. every year. 

HABTCTOB . (Biooete of Chiolieiter.) 

Hastings is an ancient borough and the premier Cinque Fort. In 1828-31 the 
township of St. Leonard's was formed. The two places are now united officially 
into one corporate town. The population in 1801 was 3475. At the census of 1881 
it was 47,738 (living in 7,302 houses) ; it has since then considerably increased. 
Between April 1, 1881, and the end of 1884, 850 dwelling-houses were erected, and 
the work of building has steadily continued since. 

Sdueation. — The total number on the books of elementary schools in 1871 was 
3,854. It was, at Michaelmas 1886, 6,914. A School Board was formed after the 
passing of the Education Act, which has 6 schools with 13 departments. No Church 
school has yet been made over to the Board. Hicse Church schools are 13 in number, 
with 30 departments. The number of children on the books of the Board schools is 
2»252 ; on the books of the Church schools 4,662. The number of school places 
added in the Church schools during the period comprised in the returns is proximately 
2,690, and the cost of providing them 21,772/. There is an active Church Sunday 
School Association in the borough in connection with the Sunday School Institutes, 
and many of the local teachers hold certificates obtained in the examinations arranged 
by that body. 

Chnroh Aoeommodation. — There are sixteen churches in the borough, fourteen of 
them having a parochial status. The increased accommodation has been 7,560 sittings, 
and the expense of building nine new churches 107,500/.; 1,440 sittings have been 
provided in mission rooms, and their cost, together with the cost of restorations in 
old churches, has been 18,295/. Only a small sum of 3,000/. appears to have been 
expended on the important item of Parsonages during the period ; but one house 
presented as a parsonage should be added. 

Chnroh Work. — In the sustentation of the Church Services and in the internal im- 
provement of the Churches about 108,000/. appear to have been expended during the 
period embraced in the return; about 32,000/. in Home Missions, and about 43,000/. in 
local charities. To this, however, has to be added the large sum expended on religious 
education in the voluntary schools. Nearly half the churches having been built 
within the limit fixed for the returns, a considerable allowance should be made for 
their shorter period of work. Taking into account the above circumstance, and also 
that the first returns are generally under-statements, and that some churches have 
not made them fully or at all, it would probably be within the truth to say that 
300,000/. would represent the sum which would be expended in twenty-five years by 
means of the present machinery, in carrying on the works of benevolence and religion 
by the Church in the borough of Hastings. 

^I^ttrci^ ^xlension in ($arge ^onms. 47 


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^f^uxcfi Extension in JLatqe ^otons. 49 

LBICE8TEB. (Diocese of Peterborough.) 

"^"*^~^" Compil(Kl by Canon Willes. 

The table on the opposite page indicates the work of Church Extension in this town 
during the last twenty-five years (186(X-86). It will be ob8crve<i that the population 
has increased from 67,656 in 1860 to 125,513 in 1885. The demands which this great 
and rapid increase have made upon the service of the Church have been generously and 
actively met. The new churches built within this period are noted in the table in italics. 
The endowments specified have been entirely raised by voluntary offerings of a private 
character, quite independently of any grants from the funds administered by the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners. Mission rooms, only temporarily so used, and school 
buildings use<l for Divine Service on Sundays, are not included in this return. (See 
table on opposite page.) 

HOTTIHGHAM. (Diooeie of SonthweU.) 

Compiled by Canon Tebbutt. 

It is sought in the following statement to present a record of Clmroh work in the 
borough of Nottingham for the term of years included between 1860-85. 

1 hrough the kindness of the local clergy much valuable information has been ob- 
tained ; but, owing to the absence of memoranda in some few instances, and to the 
rcmovsJ of Clergy by death, it lias not been possible to give absolutely exact state- 
ments in every instance. At the same time great care has been taken in such cases 
to understate, rather than to exaggerate, the probable amounts raised. 

Soeial Changei in Population. — The borough of Nottingham has been much en- 
larged by the incorporation of outlying townships within the last twenty-five years. 
The returns are taken therefore for the enlarged area. In addition to this circum- 
stance the growth of the town has been promoted by large quantities of building land 
being brought into the market ; the result of which has been a remarkably rapid de- 
velopment in every direction. In 1860 the population of Nottingham, with the town- 
ships now incorporated, was 98,252 according to the < Clergj' List.' Tlie most recent 
return furnished by the Church Extension Society gives the population as 211,925. 
The number of Clergy ministerinj? within the borouj^h has risen from 35 to 65 ; the 
total Church accommodation has increased from 14,040 to 24,757 sittings. 

As regards the social condition of the people an advance has taken place in every 
way. With a varying industry like the lace trade there are occasional depressions; 
but the trade of the town on the whole has enormously increased, and the position of 
the working: classes has proportionately improved. Further, a local impetus has 
been given by the opening up of considerable mining operations, the whole of which 
are of recent growth. This has created an influx of the rural iKDpulation into the 
town, and has thus subjected the zeal of the Clergy and Churchmen to a severe strain, 
in order to keep up with the extraordinary development of the borough. 

Increase of Church and School Accommodation.— The table subjoine<l shows that 
honest, self-sacrificing effort has been made to provide for the increasing needs of 
the Church. Much indeed has yet to be accomplished. The Nuttin<rham Spiritual 
Aid and Church Extension Society, founded by the late Bishop of r^incoln, is engaged 
in the scheme for the creation of no less than thirteen districts, and is responsible'for 
upwards of 1,000/. per annum forsti|x;nd:^ of mission curates. 

Dy reference to the accompjinying table it will be seen that the total provision, 
together with amounts raise<l, is as follows, including cost of sitt s : 

A •f'ohiinfKlalioii Co-t 

Ky enlargement of Churches .... l,:v.M) ] £ 

By erection of new Churches 7,7r,r, . 10f;,012 

iiy erection of permanent Mission- rroms . . . 4,42.* J 

By restoration of Churches 41,512 

By endowments increased 6,075 

By vicarages 31,407 

Total . . 13.5 81 

By Church schools built or enlarged .... *«'»2<1) 47,770 

Total of voluntary contributions for all purposes . £233,466 

50 ^i)uvci) Extension in ^avQC 1$orons. 



pout 1 oil 




ILon, fcc. 








Sf.M«ry'. . . 


St. CilheriDii's . 



St. Peler'* . . 






St.NieholM'. . 




1 BtMl 1 





SLJamn' . . 

» . . 





8t.John-B . . 




KSa : 












SLHxthcwV . 


SLM.rk-B . . 





St.Lnkc'a . . 







St. Pliiliip-j . 




1 8,1 IH 1 

1 s-rio i 





StAnn'B. . . 




( l,f.0O| 





St Andrew's . 









St-Judc's. , . 



Emmuiiicl . . 



SUSBvigur-B. , 

— ; Ta 

1 UiV; 







AUSniiito- . . 

— ! 861 





St.Th(mifl«'«. . 

— fifld 



Hymn Grain . 


St.Luke-1 . . 



, liwiii , 






Lenton. . . - 



1 s 

1, 770 i 





{ 780 

nunartfoni. . 








Kbit It.df..r.l . 









Sneinton . . . 








St. Mnttliink' . 








New Itnrford . 

m — 






CarriiiKton . . 





Bulwell . . . 

— 1 CIK 











6,6 17. 




^f)Utcf) i^xien&ion in (iargc ^owns. s' 

BOLTOH. (DioMM of XanolieBter.) 

Compiled by the Kev. Canon Powell. 

Population. — Bolton is a large and prosperous manufacturing town, cotton being 
its staple industry, but its engineering and machine-making establishments and its 
bleachirorks are also extensive. It has also an abundance of coal. The limits of the 
town have gpradually increased ; the population, which twenty-five years ago was under 
70,000, now reaches 108,000. 

Chareh Aeoommodation. — During the last twenty-five years Church interests have 
made steady and encouraging progress. In 1860 there was Church accommodation 
for only 7,638 ; there i^ now accommodation for about 20,000. This has arisen from 
the enlargement of some Churches, the erection of others, and the provision in the 
most populous parishes of mission-rooms. 

Fimds spent upon Choroh Bnilding, fto.— During the last twenty-five years a 
very generous spirit has been manifested. Not less than 145,000/. has been expended 
upon the erection, enlargement, or improvement of Churches, and the whole amount 
contributed by the people themselves. Of this sum 45,000/. was expended on the 
rebuilding of the Parish Church, and was the sole and munificent gift of a single 
parishioner ; and two of the new Churches, which, with vicarages and schools attac&d 
to them, have cost some 30,000/. apiece, were also the gifts of two parishioners — 
brothers. A further sum of at least 21,000/. has been spent upon the ^mishing and 
adornment of Churches— such as organs, stained-glass windows, &c., kc, — and still 
further sums of 20,000/. for endowments, and 16,000/. for vicarage houses, all con- 
tributed from private sources, and independently of Grants made by the Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners from their General Fund, and from the Bolton Bectory Estate. Had 
these Grants, which are considerable, been added, a much larger amount would have 
appeared, since the Endowment of every Church has been recently made up to 300/. 
per annum, and in each parish a vicarage house has been provided, or a Grant of 
money given to provide the same. 

Sdneation. — A great advance has been made in educational work also. In 1860 
but few schools existed, and these were small ; but pow every Church has its own 
school, with ample accommodation for both day and Sunday scholars. During the 
twenty-five years increased accommodation has been made for upwards of 10,000 
scholsirs, at a cost of not less than 56,000/. Two very handsome schools included in 
this amount were provided at the sole cost of the two brothers mentioned above, and 
estimated at 15,000/. It is also satisfactory" to know that all our Church schools are 
kept up in thorough condition and efficiency by the liberality of the respective con- 
gregations, and that not one school has been transferred to the School Board. The 
annual collections made in the Churches for school purposes during the last twenty- 
five years amount to upwards of 32,000/. 

OwLeral Sesult. — If we bring the several amounts together, we have the gratifying 
result that during the last twenty-five years the sum of not less than 290,000/. has 
been contributed for Church and Church-educational purposes. 

It may be noted, also, that these figures apply strictly to the Town or Borough of 
Bolton, and not to the whole of the ancient parish, nor to the Rural Deanery. Both 
of these are of larger extent, and had the enquiry included them the result would 
have been even more satisfactory than it is. 



By the kindncsss of the Deans we are able to offer the following short 
reports, illustrating the general working of the Cathedral system, from 
which thoughtful readers will be able to sec how actively the Cathedral 

52 ^at^cbxal Serviced. 

Chapters are endcavonring to mako the Cathedral Charch in each caae 
the centre of increased spintoal advantage to the city, and to give 
encouragement to Charch life throughout the Diocese. 


I. Ordinary Serrioet. — (a)Suodav: Holy Communion tt S ; Mtttins (chond) and Sermon 
at 11U)0, with 2nd Celebration (choral) on 1st Sunday in the month ; evenaonc (choral) 
at 4. (6) Week days : M. at 8 ; E. at 5 ; Chora! fVom June 1 to September 80 ; on tlic 
other months at 3, plain. Welsh parochial services on Sunday's at 9.30 A.M., with Celc- 
bratioQ on 2nd Sunday in the month ; also at 6 p.m. and every Wednesday at 7 r.M. with 

n. Holy Seatoni. — (a) Advent, 1885 : On Thursdays, choral evensong, with address 
at 5. (6) Lent, on Thursdays, choral evensong with address at 5 ; Holy Week : Holy 
Communion 8 A^. daily, except Good Friday — Mattins, with address at 11 A.M. ; on 
Good Friday two services in English ; at 2 in Welsh. On Holy Days : Holy Communion 
at 8; Mattins (choral) at 11 ; Welsh evensong, choral with sermon at 7. 

in. Festival Bervicei.— Harvest Festival: a.m., English ; p.m^ Welsh, with sermons. Tlic 
Cathedral is alwavs crowded at night. In October, 1886, a Retreat for four days was 
held in the Cathedral at which more than 120 of the Clergy of the Diocese attended, 
the daily average being over 70. 

Evan Lewis, Beam. 


I. Ordinary Servioei.— (a) Sundays : Holy Communfon at 8 on the greater festivals, 
and 1st Sunday in the month ; M. 10.30, and Holy Communion every Sunday : XL 3^. 
(6) Week days : M. 10 ; E. 4. 

II. Soly SeafOni.— (a) Advent, 1885 : Thursdays, B. 7.80. Selections from Oratorios 

sung. (6) Lent, 1886 : Wednesdays, E. 7.80. Holy Week : Monday, Tuesday, Wed- 
nesday, and Thursday, E. and sermon, 7.30. Good Friday : M. 11 ; E. 3.30. 

III. ?eBtiTal Servieei.— Choral Festival of Church Choirs. Bristol Hospital and In- 
firmary. S.P.C.K. Gloucester and Bristol Diocesan Association. C.M.S. S.P.G. 
Bristol Church Aid Society. Colonial and Continental Society'. British and Foreiirn 
Bible Society. Church l*astoral Aid Society. 

Note. — Special and separate Sunday afternoon services have been held for Rifle Volun- 
teers ; Artillery Volunteers ; Engineers, Cadets, and Naval Reserve ; Poet Office and 
Telemph Oerks ; Police and Fire Brinde ; Loyal Order of Ancient Shepherds ; 
Special Week-day evening services for loungMen*s Christian Association. Sunday 
School Institute, and S.P.C.K. ^ 

G. Elliot, Beam, 

I. Ordinary Services.— (a) Sundays, Holy Communion, 8.15 and noon. M. 10.80 
A. 3. E. 6-30. (6) Week days : M, 10 ; E. 3 (November, December, January, and 
February, 4). •" 

II. Hcly Seaecni.— (a) Advent, 1885 : Wednesdays, 8.16 p.m. (Litany, anthem, sermon) ; 
congregation, 600. (6) Lent, 1886 : As in Advent ; congregation, 660. Holy 
Week : Daily, Psalm li., with h3rmns and meditation, 12 ; Good Friday, M. 10.30, 
E. 8. 

III. Feitival Benrices. —December 24, at 8.15, special service, including psalm, le.««on, 

canticle, versicles, short address, and Ist Part of Handers 'Messiah,* enlarged choir 
and orchesd-al accompaniment ; congregation, 1,100. Easter Tuesday, service similar 
to that on December 24, including a selection finom Mendelssohn's • iiymn of Praise • 

Colonial representatives. October 7, G.F.S. Annual FestivaL 

R. P. Smith, Dean. 

^ixil^ebxal ^etvices. 53 


I. Ordiumxy SerYieei. — (a) StmcUys : Holy Commanion first aod third Sunday of the 
month at midday, the other Sondaj-s at 8.80 a.m. ; M. 11 ; A^ 3 ; K 6.30. (6) Week 
days: M. 10 ; E. 4. (e) Hdy days: Holy Communion at 8 a.m. 

IL Holy Seatoni. — (a) Advent, 1885 : Special Senrice with Sermon on Fridays, 8 r.M. ; 
congregation, about 200. (6) Lent, 1886 : Special service with sermon. 8 p.n. ; 
congregation, about 300. Holy Week : Daily, Holy Communion at 8 (except Qood 
Friday) ; special service with sermon (except Saturday), 8 p.m. 

III. FesUTEl Serriees. — Penrith Association of Parish Choirs. Girls' Friendly Society. 

W. G. Henderson, Dean. 

I. Ordinarj Senrioef. — (a) Sundays : Holy Communion at 8 (except on the first Sunday 
in the month, when it is after M.) ; M. 10.30 ; E. 3.30 ; E. 6.30. (6) Week days : 
M. 8 ; M. 10.15 ; E. 4.15. (e) Holy days : Holy Communion at 8 ; second Celebra- 
tion (Choral) on Christmas Day, Laster Day, Ascension Day, and Whit Sunday ; 
short sermon at E. 4.15. 
n. Holy SeaiOXLS. — (a) Advent : Fridays, special E. and sermon. (6) Lent, 1885 : 
Fridays, special E. and sermon. Holy Week : A sermon daily at E. 4.15. 
TTT, FeitiTal Service. — The Chester Triennial Musical Festival, commencing Sunday, July 
20, ending Sunday, July 27. Oratorios performed at Festival Services : — * Redemption ' 
rGoonod^, • Daniel ' T Dr. Joseph Bridge), * SUbat Mater ' (Rossini), • St Paul ' (Men- 
delssohn), 'Messiah* (Handel). Harvest Festival. 

J. L. Daubt, Dean, 


L OrdiiiAry Servieee. — (a) Sundays : Holy Communion at 8, and after 10.80 service ; 
M. 10.80 ; E. 3.80. \b) Week days : M. 10, E. 4. (c) Holy days : Holy Communion 
at 8, and sermon after 4 service. 

n. Speeial Beatoxis. — (a) Advent, 1885 : On the Fridays, an additional evening service 
at 8, with sermon. (6) Lent, 1886. On Tuesdays, at 4, a short sermon ; and on 
Fridays, at 8, Litany with hymns and a sermon in addition to usual services. In 
Holy Week, services at 10, 4, and 8, with sermon at the last ; on Thursdav, Holy 
Communion at 8 ; Good Friday, Mattins and sermon at 10, the latter part of the Com- 
mination Service and meditation at 2.30, evening prayer and sermon at 8. 

in. FeftiTal Services. — ^G.F.S. ; Diocesan Choirs ; Chichester Theological College ; Day 
of Intercession for Missions ; Harvest Thanksgiving. 
NoT& — ^The Cathedral has also been used for a course of theological lectures specially 
designed for the theobgical students. The Lady Chapel is us^ for the daily service 
of the students. There is a Library attached to the Cathedral, available for the use 
of the Diocesan Clergy. 

J. W. BuRGON, Dean, 


L Ordinary Servicei. — (a) Sundays: Holy Communion at 8 ; Mattins, Litany, and sermon, 
at 10.30, followed after an interval by Celebration of the Holy Communion. Choral 
Communion on the great festivals and the first Sunday in each month. Special 
sermons in the afternoon are preached in Lent, Whitsuntide, Advent, and at other 
times for special objects. Sermon in the Galilee for the scholars of the Cathedral 
Grammar school. (6) Services on Week days : Mattins, 10 a.m. ; £vensong, 4 p.m. 
Daily shortened service for the Universit}*' in the Galilee at 8.45 a.m. 

II« Holy Seatoni. — Celebration of Holy Communion on all Saints' days and holy days. 
Special services, with sermons, on Wednesday and Friday evenings in Lent. Addresses 
daily iu Holy week with daily Celebration : Passion music usually on Thursday. 

IIL Festival Servicec. — Services for various Diocesan Societies : * Sons of the Clergy,' *Lay 
Helpers,' 'Church of England Temperance,' &c &c. Occasional Choral Festivals of 
Diocesan Choirs, or the taree Northern Choirs. 

W. C. Lake, Dean. 


L Ordinary Services. — (a) Sundays: Holy Communion at 8.15; M. and Holy Com- 
munion at 11 ; Litany (address occasionally), 3.30 ; E. 4. Parochial E. in N^ve 6.30. 
(5) Week days: shortened Mattins with address on Wedqesday and Friday, principal 

54 ^aif^ebxal ^etmces. 

part of the year at 8^0 ; M. 10, £. 4. (e) Holy days : Holy Commanion at 8.15, 
and midday on the Chief Festivals of Our Lord and All Saints* Day, and other special 

U. Holy Seasoni.^Ca) Advent : Wednesday, Litany, special roasic and sermon at 7.30 ; 
congregation, 250. (6) Lent : as in Advent. Holy Week : daily, except Good Fridayi 
and special service and address at 8.30, M. 10. Ante-Communion and address, 12 ; E. 4, 
and on Wednesday evening special service at 7.80. Good Friday : M. and sermon, 
11 ; special address, 12 ; E. 4 ; Parochial SJ. at 8. 

m. FeBtiTftl Serrioet are held annually for various Diocesan Associations. The Ely Theo- 
logical College Anniversary. The Diocesan Choral Festival, every third year, 
There are special sermons and offertories about once a month for local and 
general objects. Intercession for Missions in Kogationtide, special services for chil- 
dren, for the City Schools, for the servants of the Cathedral, &c. 
Note. — ^The Ordinations are held by the Bishop in the Cathedral, which is also used by 
permission of the Dean and Chapter for Visitations, and for the Diocesan Conference 
which meets annually in the south transept 
The Lady Chapel has been assigned by early deed to the parishioners of Holy Trinity 
for their parochial services, and the Dean and Chapter allow them the use of the nave 
for their evening service on Sundays. 
The Cathedral Library is available for the use of Theological Students, and any others, by 
order of the anthoritic5. The new catalogue, lately printed, numbers about 10,000 

C. Meriyalr, Dean. 

I. Ordinary Servioef. — On Sundays and all Holy days. Holy Communion at 7.45 in 
the Lady Chapel, and at 10.30 in the Choir. On ordinary days Mattins in the Lady 
Chapel at 7.45. Daily Mattins at 10.80, and Evensong at 8 in the Choir throup;^* 
out the year. On e\'ery Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday, the Litan}' after 
Morning Frayer at 11. In the afternoon of every Sunday, full service in the nave, 
with sermon from one of the Prebendaries, in regular order, according to a rota. A 
shortened service with sermon in the Nave at 7 in the evening in winter. 

n. Holy Seasons. — During the seasons of Advent 1885 and Lent 1886, special short services 
were held twice in each week in the Lady Chapel, with addresses at midday on 
Wednesday and Friday. 

m. FoftlTal Berviees. — Meeting of Friendly Societies, Rechabite meeting, 4 Sunday 
Parades of Military, at 9 or 5 o'clock. Harvest Thanksgiving Services on SS. Simon and 
Jude« at 7.80 p.m.. Confirmation services for the Diocese, in Lent and in the month of 
July. A short service for Children in Nave on the Holy Innocents* Day. 

B. M. CowiE, Dean, 


I. Ordinary Servicos. — (a) Sundays: Holy Communion at 8; M. Litany and Holy 
Communion at 10^0 ; E. 8. (6) Week days : From October to March, M. 8 ; from 
May to September, M. 7.15 ; M. (Choral), 10.30 ; E. 3. (c) Holy days : Holy 
Communion at 8, and on Christmas Day and Ascension Day also at noon. 

II. Holy Seaiont . — Christmas Day : Special selections from * Messiah ' after E. at 8 ; 
congregation, 2,000. From Advent Sunday to Whitsun Day (inclusive) and on Ash 
Wednoday and Grood Friday : Special E. and sermon in the nave, 7 ; congregation, 
700. Ember Days and Holy Week : Holy Communion daily. 

m. FoitiTal Sorvlcei. — Sacred music with singing on 12 Thursdays during the winter in 
nave of Cathedral, commenced October 14, 1886 ; opened with prayer and concluded 
with the blessing ; nave full. A quiet day for Clergy held in South Transept, 
October 5, 1886, well attended. Members of Diocesan Conference attended Holy 
Communion on October 14 and 15. *Odd Fellows* and 'Foresters' each have a 
special E. and sermon in the Xavc on Sunday during the summer, 3. 

Note. — ^The Gloucester Theological Colleee makes use of the Chapter House fbr lectures, 
and the students attend early daily Mattins. Meetings of Church and Diocesan 
Societies ure held in the Chapter House and Library, which are always open for this 
purpose. A Cathedral Society has been established, and under its auspices, in the 
Chapter House, lectures were giveji on Gloucester Cathedral, and on Saturday 
afternoon parties of working men were conducted round the Cathedral after E. and 
afterwards attended an address given in the Chapter House on subjects of interest 
bearing upon the work of the Cathedral. 

H. M. Butler, Dean, 

^al^ebval $etrt>ices. 55 


I. Ordinary Service!. — (a) Sandajs : Holy Communion in the Lady Chapel at 8 ; M. 
in the Lady Chapel (Parochial Service), 9.30 ; M. and Holy Communion at 11 ; E. in 
Lady Chapel (Parochial Service), 8.30 ; E. 6.30. (6) Week days, M. 10 ; E. 4.30. (c) 
Holy Dm : Holy Communion in the Lady Chapel at 8 ; sermon after M. on all 
Saints' Days, Holy Days, Christmas Day, Circumcision, Epiphany, Purification, 
Ascension Day, Ordination Days, Days of meeting of Diocesan Conference. Holy 
Communion after M. on Christmas Day and Ascension Day. 
n. Holy Seaioni.— (a) Advent, 1885 : Tuesdays, sermon after M. ; Thursdays, special 
service and sermon, 7.80 p.m. ; congregations from 600 to 800. (b) I^nt, 1886 : As in 
Advent : attendances about same as t^fore. Holy Week and Good Friday : The same 
services as on Sundays ; evening congregation on Good Friday, 1,000. 

in. FeftiTal Servioet.— Annual services are held for Diocesan Parochial Choirs, Sunday 
School Teachers, for the Diocesan Conference, S.P.C.K., and S.P.G. 
Note. — ^The Cathedral is used for Diocesan Choral Festivals, for Confirmations, for 
Ordinations, for the IMennial Musical Festival, for the Bishop's and Archdeacon's 
Visitations. The Lady Chapel of the Cathedral is, by permission of the Dean and 
Chapter, used for the Parochial Services for the Parish of St. John the Baptist 

G. Herbert, Dean. 

I. Ordinary Services. — (a) Sundays, Holy Communion at 8 ; M. and sermon, with Holy 
Communion on the second and fourth Sundays in the month at 10.80 ; Litany on the 
second and fourth Sundays in the month, and occasionally a children's service at 
2^0 ; E. and sermon at 4. ' (b) Week days : M. in Lady Chapel when the Theological 
Students are in residence, at 8 ; M. 10 (from Lady Day to Michaelmas), 10.30 
(from Michaelmas to Ladv Day) ; E. 4. (c) Holy days : Holy Communion at 8, 
and on the Greater Fcstivab also* at midday. 
n. Holy Seaeoni.~(a) Advent, 1885 : Mondays, E. and sermon at 7.30. (6) Lent, 1886 : 
Mondays, E. and sermon at 7.30. Ash Wednesday, E. in the nave at 7.30 ; Tuesdays, 
address at midday ; congregation, 300. Holy Week : Addresses at E. 4. Maundy 
Thursday, Holy Communion at 8. Good Friday : Holy Communion at 8. M. and 
addresses on the first three * Words ' at 9 ; Ante-Communion OfHce and addresses on 
the fourth and fifth * Words * at 12 ; Litany and the remaining; ' Words ' at 3 ; E. and 
sermon at 7.30 ; congregation, 350. Addresses also and Instructions at other times. 

m. FefltiTal Servieei. — Occasional Festival Services are held in connection with S.P.C.K., 
S.P.G., C.M.S., A.C.S.IA.S., I.C.B.S., Diocesan Choral Society (this latter took ^ace 
this year with about 1,100 voices, and a congregation of 2,000; the Dean of lork 
bein^ the preacher). Collections are also made annually for the Parochial Missions to 
the Jews Fund on Good Friday, and at some other time for the National Schools of 
the city. Other collections are made year by vear for special obiects approved of 
by the Dean and Chapter. At the Harvest Festival this year a collection was made 
in aid of the Royal Agricultural Benevolent Society. 

Edward Bickersteth, D.D., Dean, 


I. Ordinary Services. — («) Sundays: Holy Communion at 8 a.m.; Mattins, Holy Com- 
munion and Sermon at 10.30 am. ; Sermon in Nave at 3 p.m. ; Evensong at 4 p.m ; 
Evensong and Sermon in Nave at 6.30 p.m. (b) Week days : Mattins at 7.40 a.m. ; 
and 10 A.M., E. 4 p.m. ; Thursdays : Holy Communion at 8 a.m. (c) All Hoh' Days, 
Holy Communion at 8 a.m. ; on the Feasts of the Circumcision, Epiphany, Purifica- 
tion, Annunciation, Ascension Day, and All Saints' Day, second Celebration after 

II. Holy Seatone. — (a) Advent, 188.j: Special Services on Wetlnesday, Evensong and 
Sermon, 7.30 p.m. (A) Lent, 1886 : In addition to the evening services, Tuesdays 
and Fridays, Meditation on Psalm cxix., 4 p.m. ; Wednesday, Miserere, prayers from 
Commination service and address, 8 i'.m. Holy Week : Holy Communion at 8 a.m. ; 
Passion Music, prayers, and addresses, 8 p.m., except Friday at 4.45 p.m ; Thursday, 
Lecture by the Chancellor on 'Morning' and Evening? Prayer'' at 3 p.m. ; Good Friday, 
Holy Communion 8 a.m., Mattins 10 a.m., the* Three Hours' 11-2; Evensong and 
sermon 7.30 p.m. : Ember Days, Holy Communion at 8 a.m. 
in. FeetlT&l Servieei. — October 25, 1885, Temperance Societies. November 1, S.P.G. 
December 2, Day of Intercession for Foreign Missions ; preachers, the Bishop and the 
Dean. December 20, Society for Widows and Orphans of the Clergj' of the Diocese. 
January 17, 1886, Diocesan Penitents' Home. February 11, Home Missions. March 

56 iiat^cbval ^evmces. 

21| S.P.C.K. April 18, Poor Clerg;)r Relief Corporation. Minr 27, Sermon for County 
Hospital: preacher, the Bishop. June 26, Sunday School Teachers : preacher, the 
Dean. June 27, Missions to Seamen, Festival of Sunday Schools : preacher, the L)ean. 
July 13, Girls* Friendly Society. July 26, National Society. September 4, Church 
of England Workinf^-men's Society : preacher, the Bishop. September 12, Oliota 
Nagpore Missions. October 10, County Hospital, Anniversary of Y.M.C.A. October 
17, Festival of Friendly Societies : preacher, the Bishop. October 24, Temperance 
Societies. Special celebrations of Holy Communion at 8 a.m. on the Daj's of the 
Dioces&n Conference; at 7 a.m. for members of C.E.VV.M.S., January 3, 'April 11, 
June 27, October 3. 

\V. J. BlTLEH, M.A., Dean. 


I. Ordinary Senricei. — (a) Sundays: Holy Communion at 8 and 11 alternately ; M. 11; 

B. 8.30; B. 7. (6) Week daj's: M. 10 (11 on Wednesdays and Fridaj's) ; E. 
at 5 ; Wednesday, B. and sermon at 7. (c) Holy days : Holy Communion at 8 or 8.30; 
on the Great Festivals also at 11. 
II. FeitlTal Servicei.—Choral Festival. 

Note. — The Cathedral being also a Parish Church complicates the report of its work. 
An Order in Council defines the separate duties. All evening services are Parochial 
and the 8 a.m. Celebration on alternate Sundays. All special Lent and Advent 
services are in the hands of the Incumbent of the Parish, as they would naturally be 
held in the evening. The Cathedral is seated for 700, but there are hundred's of 
chairs for extra sittings, and the congregation on special occasions can scarcely be less 
than 1,500 or 1,600. 

C. J. Vauohan, Dean^ 


I. Ordinary S6rviC6i.--(a) Sundays : Holy Communion at 7.30 ; M. and Holy Com- 
munion at 10.80 ; B. 3.30 ; B. 7. {b) Week days : M. 11 ; B. 8.30 ; Wednesdays, 
B. at 7.30 ; Thursdays, Holy Communion at 7.30. (c) Holv days : Holy Communion 
at 7.S0 ; Holy Communion (on the Greater Festivals), 6.30j 7.30, 8.80, 10.30 ; there is 
a third Olebration on certain Holy Days after the 1 1 service. 

II. Holy Seagona. — (a) Advent and Lent: address at 1.10 on Tuesdays and Fridays, 

according to notice. (6) Lent : Wednesdays, sermon after M. 11 ; Fridays, second B. 
7.30. Good Friday : M. and sermon (no Holy Communion), 10.30 ; short service, 
8.30 ; B. 7.30. (c) Rogation Days : Service of Intercession after M., sermon and 
Holy Communion. Ascension Day : Holv Communion, 7.30 ; M., Sermon, Holy Com- 
munion, 10.30 ; B. 7.30. Eves of 'Saints^ days, sermon at Evensong. 

J. Oaklet, Dean, 


I. Ordinary Servioei. — (a) Sundays : Holy (Communion at 8, and at midday on first 
and third ; M. 10.45 ; Children's Service, 3 ; B. 7. (6) Week days : M. 8 ; E. 5. 
(c) Holy days : Sermon on the Eve and Holy Communion at 11. 

II. Holy Seasons. — (a) Advent, 1885 : Special services on Tuesday, B. 7.30. (6) lient, 
1886 : Tuesdays and Thursdays, B. 7.30 ; congregations, from 160 to over 1,000. Holy 
Week: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, B. and sermon, 7.80. Good 
Friday : 9 a.m.. Children's service ; M. and sermon, 10.45 ; addresses on the * Seven 
Last Words,* upwards of 2,000, 2 to 5 ; B. and sermon, 7. (c) Rogation Vavn : 
Holy Communion, 8 a.m. each day ; B. prayer and address, 7.30. Monday, * Our 
countr;^ ; * Tuesday, * The Church abroad ; ' VVednesday, ♦ The Church at home.* (rf) 
Ascension Day : Holy Communion, 7, 8 (Choral), and 11 ; B. prayer and sermon, 7.30. 
Choral O)mmunion on all great festivals. 

m. FestiTal Services.— December 3 1,1 885,Midnight service, 2,000 present April 26, Special 
service for Volunteer Corps of the City, upwards of 1,600 soldiers. June 6, 
Service for Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 1,200 children. June 16, 
Service for C.E. School Teachers' Festival. July, Special Services for members of 
Benefit Societies, 8,000 men. October 19, Harvest FestivaL November 11, Festival 
for Church Workers of all kinds in the city. November 25, Confirmation. (Com- 
municants' meeting last Thursday in the month, 8 p.m. ; Bible class for School 
Teachers ever^ Saturday at 4 p.if . ; Bible classes during first week in month, for men, 
women, and girls. Holy Week : The first four days parts of Gaul's * Passion' music in 
evening. Great numbers came, 

Abthur T. Lloti>» Viear, 

^alf)ebtal gJcrmccs. 57 


I. Ordinary Services. — (a) Sundays: On the first Sonday in the month, Bfattins, Litany, 

Sermon, Holy Commnnion at 10.45 a.m. (no Anthem) ; every other Sunday, Holy 
Communion at 8 a.m., and at 10.45 Mattins, Anthem, Litany, Sermon ; XL at 3.80. 
(6) Week days : M. at 10 ; E. at 5 (on Saturdays, E. at 3). (c) Holy days : Christ- 
mas Day, Easter Day, Ascension Day, Whit Sunday, Holy Commnnion (choral) at 
8; Holy Communion after 11 o'clock service (plain), and on Trinity Sunday at the 
U. Holy Seasons. — (a) Advent, 1885 : Fridays, E. at 8. (6) Lent, 1886 : Ash Wednesday, 
M. at 8; Litany, (yommination, and Ante-Communion Ser\'ice, with short Sermon, 11 ; 
"E, and sermon at 5. Fridays, E. at 8, with a sermon or lecture. Holy Week : sermon 
daily at E. ; Maundy Thursday, Holy Communion after M. at 10. Good Friday : 
M. at 8 ; Litany, Ante-Communion 2Service^ and Sermon at 11 ; B. and Sermon at 5. 

III. Festival Services. — In the week intervening between July ] 1 and July 18, when the 
Royal Agricultural Society held their show at Norwich, in addition to the usual Mattins 
and Evensong at the Cathedral, there was a special daily service, with a short anthem 
and short addresses at 8 a.m., lasting exactly half an hour. 

£. M. GouLB UBX, Dean. 


I. Ordinary Services. — Sundays : Holy Communion at 8 ; M. and sermon at 10. First 
Sunday in the month. Holy Communion at 8 ; M. and Holy Communion at 10 ; B. at 5. 
Week days : M. at 10 ; E. at 5. On Thurndays during the Univer«ity Term, Holy 
Communion at 8.20. The church is also used as a chapel for the College at 8 A.M. and 
10 r.M. on week days. Holy days : Holy Communion at 8.20 during Term ; at 8 during 

IL Holy Seasons. — In Advent, lectures after the usual 5 p.m. service ; Lent, on Wednes- 
days, an evening service with sermon, in addition to the ordinary M. and X. services. 
The same in Holy Week, on every week day except Easter Eve. On Ascension Day, 
when the University sermon is preached in the Cathedral at 10 ; Holy Communion 
at 7.30 ; and Morning Prayer at 8.30. 

m. Festival Services. — Sunday, June 21, Festival of the Church of England Temperance 
Society, congregation probably about 1,000. Thursday, July 2, Festival of the Parochial 
Choirs, congregation probably about 1,000. 

H. G. LiDDELL, Deam, 


I. Ordinary Services. — (a) Sundays : On the second, fourth, and fifth Sundays in the 
month. Holy Communion at 8.15 ; M. at 10.15 ; Holy Communion on first and third 
Sundays ; E. 8 ; even, in nave at 6.30 from first Sunday in September to Trinity 
Sunday. (6) Week days : M. 10.16 ; E. 4.15. (c) Holy days : Holy (Communion on 
Easter Day at 7 and 10.15, and Ascension Day, 10.15. 

II. Holy Seasons. — Lent : Wednesdays and Fridays, special services in the nave ; con- 

gregation from 300 to 400. Passion Week : Special service in the nave daily. Good 
Friday : Services at 10.15 and 3. 

m. Festival Services. — Children's service on Holy Innocents' Day and Whit-Monday: 
congregation 800. G.F.S. anniversary : congregation 3,400. Trichoral Festival of 
York, Durham, and Ripon Choirs. Harvest Festival. Ripon Millenary Festival. 
Celebration of Jubilee of Restored Diocese. Ember Days for Ordination. St. Andrew's 
Day. Intercession for Missions. 
The Cathedral is used for Ordinations, Confirmations, Services for Volunteers, Hospital 
Sunday, Choral Festivals, Intercession for Sunday Schools, and C.E.T.S., &c. 

W. R. Fremantle, Dean. 


I. Ordinary Services. — (a) Sundays : Holy Communion at 8 ; M. sermon and Holy 
Communion at 10.30 ; E. and sermon at 3 ; for three summer months special Evening 
service and sermon at 7.30. (6) Week days : M. at 10 ; E. at 3 in winter, 5.30 in 
summer; service in a chaf>el of the Cathedral at 8.45 a.m. for the King's School, 
(c) Holy days : Christmas Day, Feast of the Circumcision, and Ascension Day, Holy 
Communion at 8, and after M'. service. Epiphany, Holy Communion after M. service. 
n. Holy Seasons. — (a) Advent, 1885 : Wednesday evenings. Litany and sermon at 8 ; 
(b) Lent, 1886 : Wednesday and Friday evenings. Litany and sermon at 8. (c) 
Holy Week the ordinary services, with sermons on Good Friday ; also special service 
with sermon at 8 p.m. the week days of Holy Week. 

5^ ^al^ebval Services. 

m. FeitiTal Servieei. — Festival of parish choirs of the Rural Deaneries of Rochester, 
Gravesend, and Cobham, about 660 voices. Harvest Festival. S.P.G. FestivaL Occa- 
sionai services in St. Mary's Chapel for various associations. 

R. ScoTTy Dean, 


I. Ordixuury Serriees. — (a) Sundays : Holy Commnnion at 8 ; M. and Holy Communion 
at 10.80; E. 8. (b) Week days: M. 7.80; M. (Choral), 10; E. 8; winter, 4, 
(e) Holy days : Holy Communion at 8 ; on Ascension Day also Holy Communion at 

II. Holy Seasons. — (a) Advent, 1885 : Thursdays, Holy Communion at 8 ; Wednesdays 
and Fridays, E. 8. (b) Lent, 1886 : Thursdays, Holy Communion at 8 ; Wednesdays 
and FridaysLE. 8. Holy Week : Holy Communion every day but Good Friday, twice 
on Maundy Thursday. Daily special service at 8 i>.m. Goo'd Friday : M. 74)0 ; M. 
(Choral), 10 ; * Three Hoiurs* Service, 12 to 8 ; E. 8. Addresses after Evensong on 
Tuesdays in Lent by the Dean. 

IIL FoitiTal 8exTicei.—May 27, a Diocesan Choral Festival was held, when portions of 
* St Paul ' were sung by a choir, selected, of 260 voices. On Ascension Day a special 
service was held, when portions of * Elijah ' were sung. In Advent a special service 
with * Last Judgment * of Spohr. Special services during 1886 : Children's Missionary 
Flower Sei^rice ; Missionary Festival ; G.E.T.S. ; Anniversary Service of Salisbury 
Infirmarv; Harvest Festival ; G.F.S. Associates, Holy Communion, with address; 
G.F.S. ratival ; Special Missions Society, * Quiet Day.' Special Celebrations of 
Holy Communion : Diocesan Synod ; Rundecanal Chapter meeting ; Church of Eng- 
land Working Men's Society ; Cathedral Missionary Guild; St. Deny's Sisterhood. 
Wilts Yeomanry ; Provident Societies ; Volunteers ; attend special services. 

G. D. Boyle, Dean, 


I. Ordinftry Sorviees.— (a) Sundays : Holy Communion at 8 ; M. 11, with Holy Com- 
munion on the first and third Sundays in the month ; E. 8 ; E. 6.80. (6) Week 
days : M. 10 ; E. 5 (summer), 4 (winter) ; Wednesday E. at 8. (c) Holy days : 
Holy Communion at 8, and on Great Festivals also at midday. 

n. Holy Soasons. — (a) Advent, 1885 : Wednesdays, E. 8 ; congregation, 150. (5) Lent, 
1886: Wednesdays, E. 8; congregation. 400. Holy Week: Daily, M. 11; E. 4; 
E. 8. Good Friday : M. 11 ; E. 8 ; special service, with addresses on the Passion, 
with hymns, 6.80. 

Note. — ^A Children's Ser>icc is held the last Sunday in every month ; congregation, 800. 

ni. Foitiyal Sorvioos. — Great gathering and service for Trade, Friendly, and Benefit 

Societies on Sunday afternoon, July 4, 1886 ; Congregation 2,800 ; preacher, Bishop 

of St Albans. Choral Festival, July 28, 1885, 600 voices; preacher, Dean of 


W. J. Lawrance, Rector, 


I. Ordinary Sorviees. — (a) Sundays : first, third, and fifth, choral service with Holy Com- 
munion at 11 ; second and fourth. Holy Communion at 8.15, and choral service at 11. 
Evening, every Sunday, choral service at 8.15 and at 6.15. (6) Earlpr Mattins daily, 
at 8.15, except on Thursdays, when choral service at 11.80. Evenmg service daily 
at 8.15 (choral on Saturdays). 

II. Holy Seasons.— During Advent and Lent, choral service with sermon at 7 p.m. on 
Fridays, in lien of the ordinary afternoon service at 8.15. Holy Week : Daily morn- 
ing s^vice at 11, and evening service with short sermon at 7 ; on Good Friday the 
services are at 8.15, 11, and 6.15. On Saints' days Holy Communion at 8.16 ; morning 
service (choral) at 11.80. Christmas Day : Holy Communion, 8.15 ; morning service, 
11; evening, 7. 

in. Festiyal Senriees. — Harvest Thanksgiving Services ; Choral Festival. 

Herbert A. Jambs, Dean, 

I. Ordinary Senriees.— (a) Sundays : Holy Communion at 8 on the second and fourth 
Sundays in the month ; M. 11.10, with Holy Communion, on the first, third, and fifth 
Sundays in the month ; B. 4. (5) Week days, including Holy days : M. 8.80 ; B. i. 
Parochial services in Welsh on Sundays at 9 a.m. and at 6 r j«.. Holy Communion at 

^ai^ebval $ctt)ic$d. 59 

10 on the fint Sunday in the month ; on WednesdA}'* at 7 r.M. evening tenrice in 
Welsh ; 00 Thnrsdajs in English at the same hour. 

U. Holy Seaions.— (a) Advent, 1885. (6) Lent, 1886. H0I7 Week. Good Friday : 
Sarices as on Sundays ; no Celebration. 

J. AiAAOt, Dean* 


I. OrdiBAxy Seryiees. — Sundays : Holy Commuaion in N.W. chapel, 8 a.m. ; M., Litany, 
Holy Communion (choral), sermon, 10.30 ; E. 8.15 ; B. 7. Week daj's : Holy 
Communion in N.W. chapel, 8 ; M. in crypt, 8 ; M. (choral), 10 ; short service in 
y.W. chapel at 1.15 ; E. 4 (choral) ; short service in the N.W. chapel at 8. Holy Days : 
As on oroinary week da^ with the addition of Holy Communion in the Crypt at 
7.16 AJf. t Holy Communion at 10 ; sermon after E. 4. On the eves of Saints^ Days 
unless they bM on Sunday or Monday, an address is given at the 8 r.M. service in the 

n. Holy 8— loni. — (a) Advent, 1885 : on Tuesday December l,at 7, Spohr*8' Last Jndg- 
menf was fung, preceded by a special form of prayer ; address on Thursdays in the NiW . 
chapel at 8. (Jb) Lent, 1886 : Daily the 1.15 service was held under the Dome, 
and an address delivered by special preachers, each responsible for a weekly course : 
a sermon on Wednesdavs and Fridays after E. 4 ; an addr^s on Tuesdays and Thurs- 
days in the N.W. chapel at 8. Holy Week : Tuesday at 7, Bach*s * l^assion ' was sung, 
preceded by a form of prayer from the Commination Service. Good Friday: In 
addition to the ordinary services at the same hours as on Sundays, the interval 
between the 10.80 and 8.15 services was occupied by meditations on the * Seven Words 
from the Croes.' 

III. FeftiTal Servieet . — Wednesday, Januar}- 13, 1886, Meeting of Convocation at 11 a.m., 
Latin sermon by Dean of Westminster, Latin Litany sung by Bii^hop of Salisbury. 
Monday, January 2d,*1886, Dedication Festival Service, 4 p^. ; average oonflregation, 
about 8,000. The Lay Helpers held several services as last year between November 
and February, concluding with a service on Monday, March 8, at 7.30 r.M. Monday, 
February 2 ^Purificatioii), Consecration of Bishops, Ely and Japan. Fridav, Febru- 
ary 19, Church Pastoral Aid Society, special service 7 vm. Monday, Marcn 1, Con- 
firmation, Bishop of London. Thursday, March 4, Tendon Church Choir, special ser- 
vice, 7 P.M. Saturday, April 10, the Lay Helpers* Day of Devotion in the Crj-pt ; 
Celebration at 8 a.m. Same day. Confirmation, Bishop of London. Monday, May 3, 
ditto. Tuesday, May 4, British and Foreign Bible Society, annual service, 4 p.m. 
Monday,May 10, Church of England Temperance Society, 7 P.31. Wednesday, May 12, 
Festival Service, Sons of the Cferg}*. Monday, May IV, Service for Church of England 
Sunday School Institute. Thursday, May 20, Gregorian Association, annual service. 

Women, annual service, 11 a.m. Wednesday. June 16, Anniversary Service of the 
S.P.G. Thursday, June 17, Anniversaiy Service of the Guild of the Holy Standard. 
Sunday, June 20, Ordination, 53 candidates. Sunday, June 20, Lord Mayor and Cor- 
poration, afternoon service, to meet Colonial Delegates. Tuesday, June 22, Girl.s' 
Friendly Society, special service, 11.30 a.m. Same day. Annual Celebration for 
the Lay Helpers* Association. Wednesday, June 23, annual service, S.P.G., 
11 A.M. Thursday, June 24, (S. John Baptist), Celebration in the N.W. Chapel, 
8.45, for Missions. Saturday, June 26, Celebration in the Crypt for Guild of St. 
Alban. Tuesdav, June 29 (St. Peter), Lay Helpers Annual Celebrations, 6.30, 7.80, 
and 9 a.m. Wednesday, June 80, East London Nurses, annual service, 11 a.m. 
Monday, July 5, Confirmation, Bishop of London. Sunday, August 1, Annual Cele- 
bration in the Crypt for Church of England Working Men, 7.80 a.m. ; 220 com- 
municants. Friday, August 6, Meeting of Convocation, Latin Sermon by Dean of 
Canterbury, 11 a.m. Friday, October, 22nd Anniversary Service of the Guild of 
St Luke, 7.30 p.m. ; Bishop of Colchester, preacher. 
Note. — Bible classes, &c., were hold in Chapter House during the winter months, as last 

R. W. Churck, Dean. 


I. Ordinary SerrioM. — (a) Sunday, Holy Communion, 8 a.m. ; Mattius with sermon, 10.30 
A.M. ; Evensong, witli sermon, 3 p.m. ; Kvensong, with sermon, 6«30 p.m. \ RqI-^ 

6q i^alf)cbtal $eirt)tce0. 

Commnnion every Saints' day, 8 a.m. ; Holy Communion every third Sunday in the 

month at noon. (6) Week days : daily, 10 and 3 p.m. In Advent and Loit, Holy 

Communion at 8 a.m. every Thursday. 

II. Holy Seatons. — Advent, plain Evensong at 3, and choral Evensong; with sermon at 7.30, 

every Wednesday and Friday ; the rame during Lent, except in Holy Week. Address, 

every evening at 7.80, and on Good Frida}*, when there is Mattins at 9 a.m. ; Litany, 

Ante-Communion Service, and sermon at 11; Evensong at 3 r.M. and at 7 p.m. xdih 


III. Festival. — ^Thc Notts Choral Festival is held here annually, at which congregation over 
4,000 present. J. J. Trebeck, Rector. 


L Ordinary Seryicai. — (a) Sundays : Holy Communion at 8 ; second celebration at 11 on 
the 1st Sunday of the month. M. 11, E. 3. (A) Week daj-s : M. 10, E. 8. (e) Holy 
days : Holy Communion at 8 ; M. 10, E. 3, and a second celebration on the Great 

II. Holy Seasoni. — (a) Advent, 1885. Special ser\'ice and sermon at 7.30 on Wednesdays. 
Con^gation about 400. (b) Lent, 1886. As in Advent, with the addition of an 
evening service on the Wednesday and Thursday in Holy Week. Ser\ice8 in Holy 
Week at 11 and 3, and on Good Friday additional services at 8 and 1. 

III. Special Seryieei. — Xave, sermons on the Sunday evenings (8 p.m.) in August, 
specially intended for working-men and their families; congregations about 1,200. 
Services for children in the nave on afternoons of last Sundays in May, June, and 
July. About 500 children and 300 adults. Special services in connection with meet- 
ing of the Diocesan Societies and the Diocesan Conference. Two evening services of 
music and song held during the summer, one during an Agricultural Ezhilution, t he 
other on the Jubilee of Diocesan Church Building Society. 
Note. — ^The Cathedral is left open for private prayer from 9 to 6, and notice given of the 
same. £. H. Plumptre, Deitu. 


I. Ordinary Servicei. — (a) Sundays : Holy Communion at 8 ; M. Holy Communion 
and sermon at 10 ; E. and sermon at 8. During Advent and Lent, and from tint 
Sunday after Easter to the end of July, E. 7. (ft) Week dajrs : shortened Mattins, 
8.30 ; short service for Westminster School during school terms, 9 a.m. ; M. ^choral) 
at 10 ; E. (choral^ at 8. Holy days : Christmas and Ascension Days, the Circum- 
cision, and All Saints* Day, Holv Communion at 8 a.m. and at 11^0; other holy 
days at 11, excepting Maundy Thursday and Good Friday, Monday and Tuesday in 
Easter and Whitsun weeks, and the three days after Christmas Day, when Holy Com- 
munion is at 8. 

II. Holy Seatons.-- (a) Advent, 1885: Sunday, E. 7; congregation, 1,800 ; Sermons on 
Mondays, E. 3 ; congregation, 500. Special lectures on Saturday afternoons after 
E. 8; congregations t^om 500 to 1,000. (6) Lent, 1886: Sunday, E. 7. Sermons, 
Mondays and Fridays, E. 3 ; congregations, 500. Holy Week : Siermon on Monday, 
E. 3; congregation, 800. Good Fridav: early pravers, 8.30 and 9; other 
services and sermons as on Sundays ; the choir attenaed, and music used during 
Holy Week. 

III. Feitival Seryieei. — Courses of lectures were given on Saturday afternoons by the Dean 
for 12 weeks, by Canon Westoott for 8 weeks. Holy Innocents' Day : Children's service, 
the Dean ; con^gation, 2,000. Wednesday, December 30, Christmas Carols at close 
of 3 P.M. service. Ascension Day, afternoon : Clergy Orphan Corporation ; con- 
gregation, 2,000. Lay Helpers' A^ociation, January 12, 1885: in preparation for 
Mission in West London; congregation 1,200. Thanksgiving service at close of 
Mission, February 17 ; church full ; Archbishop of York. Church of England 
Temperance Society, April 27 ; church fairly full. Ascension Day. May 14, at 8 p.m., 
for National Society ; good congregation. Friday evening, June 19, for S.P.G. ; church 
half full ; Bishop of Lichfield. Tuesday, June 23 : Lay Helpers : Bishop of London ; 
fair congregation. Tuesday, Julv 14: Handel Commemoration, for Royal Society 
of Musicians ; no sermon. St. ^imon and St. Jude, October 28 : consecration of 
Dr. Wordsworth as Bishop of Salbbuiy ; abbey full. (Where 2,000 occurs, the Abbey 
was full.) 
At the opening of Convocation, and some other special occasions, the Holy Commnnion 
was celebrated in Henry the Seventh's Chapel. G. Q. Bradlbt, Dmm, 

^ai^ebval ^evmc^s. 6i 


I. Ordinary Senrieet. — (a) Sundays : Holy Communion at 8 ; service for suldiera at 
930; M., Sennon, and Holy Communion at 11 ; Litany and Sermon at 3.15 ; S. at 
4; (b) Week days: M. at 10; E. at 4. (c) Greater Holy. Days: Holy Communion 
at 8; Holy Commanion on Christmas Day and Ascension Day also after the 11 
o'clock service. 
II. Holy 8— lom. — Advent 1885 : On Wednesdays at 8 ; E. and sermon (instead of E. at 
4) ; Bach's Passion Music, with short service, twice in Holy Week. Sermon each day 
in Holy Week. Lent, 1886 : On Fridays at 8 ; E. and sermon (instead of B. at 4). 
III. Festival Serricat. — Special Celebration of Holy Communion at the meeting of the Dio- 
cesan Conference, October 26, 1886. June 8, 1886, C.M.S. ; congregation, &00. October 
21, S.P.G. ; congregation, 400. Harvest Festival, collections for Hants County Hos- 
pital. The t)iocesan Choral Festival, held once in three years. Natives' Society's 
Festival, and Aliens' Society's Festival (E. service and sermon) in October and 
January. Hospital Sunday, M. and E. September 28. Special service for Sunday 
School "children on Holy Innocents' Day. 
Note. — The services for the assizes are held in the Cathedral. 

G. W. KiTCHiN, Dean. 


X. Ordinary SerricM.— (a) Sundays : Holy Commanion at 8 ; M. and Holy Commanion 
at 11 ; E. 6.30. Children's service (upper and middle classes) with eateehiting at 8. 
anthem and Litany at 4 (no sermon) ; addresses to men every Ist Sunday in the 
month 3 p.m. (4) Week days : Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Ember Days, Holy Com- 
munion at 8 ; daily, M. 10.15, E. 4.16. (e) Holy Days: Holy Communion at 8, 
and after M. 
n. Holy 8«aiO]is.— (a) Advent: Thursdays, special service; Convocation of Canter- 
bury, Form and S^mon at 8 p.m. ; congregations, 300. (6) Lent : Wednesdays and 
Fridays, Meditation and Litany at 3 ; congregations, 100. Ash Wednesday and 
'Hiarsdays, E. and sermon at 8 ; congregations, 400. Holy Week : Monday, Tuesday, 
Wednesday, and Thursday, short evening service, with Bach*s * Passion Music ' in four 
part& preceded by an address at 8 p.m. ; congregations, 1,000. Good Friday : Address 
and Litany at 7.30 ; M. and Holy Communion at 9 ; Devotion of ' Three Hours' 
Agony,' 12 to 3; E. and sermon at 6.30, with parts of the * Messiah' for anthem; 
congregations, 1,000. 
IIL Feftival Services. — Harvest Festival, with MendeL>8ohn's 'Praise Jehovah' for 
anthem ; congTe<ration 1,000. 
Note. — There have been special services for men only on Wednesday evenings in March, 
July, and August ; congregations, 200. Also meetings for prayer with short addresses 
on the Fridays ; congregations, 400. John Gott, Dean. 

YOWL unrsTEB. 

I. Ordinary Bervicei. — («) Sundays : Holy Communion at 8 a.m., M. Holy Communion 
and sermon at 10.30. Litany and sermon at 3, and E. at 4 in summer. Litany and 
anthem at 4, and E. at 0.45 in winter, (b) Week days : M. at 10, E. at 4.30. 
(c) Holy days : Holy Communion at 8 ond 10.30. On 2nd Sunday in the month, 
sermon after third collect at Morning Prayer, then choral Celebration throughout. 
n. Holy Seasons.— (a) Advent, 1885 : On Thursdays at 3, sermon in the nave. (6) Lent, 
1886: Thursday evenings at 8, Fridays at 3.30, sermons. Holy Week : Hoi v Com- 
munion at 8 ; E. and sermon at 8 in the nave. Good Friday : Litany and address 
at 8; M. 8n«l sermon at lU; * Three Hours' Agony,' V2 to 3 ; E. at 4 ; E. and 
sermon ai 6.45. During * Pre|>aration Week ' before Whit Sunday, special service and 
sermon, Wednesday and Friday at 3 ; Tuesday and Thursday evenings at 8. 
III. Festival Services.— April 19, 2nd Sunday after Easter : Special morning service for the 
military Quartered at York, in the Xave. About 2,000 men present, withthe General's 
staff, the Lord Mayor, and Corporation. Si)ecial anthem and hymns, accompanied by 
two military band's ; sermon preaclied by the Dean ; collection for tlie Egyptian War 
fund. Thursday, May 28 : Special service for Girls' Friendly Society from Doncaster 
and the neighbourhood. Thursday, July 31 : Special service for Girls' Friendly 
Society from Sheffield and the neighbourhood. March 26 : Special ser\'ice for un- 
veiling by General Willis of the Memorial to the officers and men of the 6oth York 
and l^ncaster regiment who fell in Egypt. Aliout 100 men attended from Sheffidd 
with their band, bringing a pair of colours which were placed oyer the Memorial. 
Addresses by General Willis and the Dean. July 10, 8 p.m. : Special service for 
Church of England Working Men's Society; Canon Temple preached. Thursday, 
September 21 : Special service at opening of the Sanitary Congress. Sermon by the 
Dean. A. P. Pl'ret-Ci:st, Dean. 

62 ^atrocl^tal i^orb. 



Thb short records which follow have been introdaoed into this book with 
a view of showing the peculiar importance and influence of the parochial 
system, and its power of adapting itself to the particular wants of Tarious 
classes of society. The illustrations which are given have therefore been 
chosen with reference to varying circumstances of population and social 
characteristics, so that this chapter, as a whole, may fairly represent the 
working of the parochial system, where it is faithfully carried out. 

In each case the report has been drawn up by the incumbent, at the 
request of the Year-book Committee. 

I. Popmlation, 11,500. In town, mixed ; in districts, mining. 

IL Chureh Servieet. — (a) In Church or Mission Halls. PorasA Cftttrdb.— Su!n>ATs : 
Holt Communion, 8 a.m. ; after Mattins and after Evansong, each once a month; Mattins, 
10.80 Ajc. ; Men's Class, 2 r.M. ; Baptisms, 8 p.m. ; Evensong, 6.80. Children's Serrioe once 
a month, 8 p.m. Thursdays : Baptisms, 7 ; Service, 7.80 p.m. with Instruction. Chapel of 
Eaae. — Sundays : Holy Communion, 8 a.m. eveiy Sunday, and once a month after 
Mattins and Evensong. Mattins, 10.80 a.m. ; Evensong, 6J30 p.m. ; Baptisms, 4 p.m. ; 
Children's Service, 2.80 p.m. once a month. Week Days : Daily at 8.15 am, and 
5.30p.m.; Wednesdays, 7.80 p.m. with Instruction; Fridavs, Litany, U a.m. Saints' 
Days, &c; : Holy Communion, 7.45 .v.m. DUtriet Churchy No. 1.---Sundat8 : Holy 
Communion, 8 a.m. ; and after Mattins, each once a month. Mattins, 10.80 a.m. ; Men's 
Class, 2.80 P.M. ; Evensong, 6.30 p.m. Children's Service once a month, 8.15 p.m. 

Baptism and Service, Wednesdays, 7.15 p.m. DUtriet Church, No. 2-(nnoon8ecnted)^. 

Sundays: Holy Communion and Bai>ti8ms (once a month) 10.80 a.m.; Evensong, 
6.80 P.M.; Bible Class (Men) 2.80 p.m. DUtriet School C%>rcA.— Sundays : Holy 
Communion, 9 a.m. (once a month) ; Children's Service, 10.80 a.m. ; Evensong, 6^ p.m. 
Wednesday: Evensong, 7 p.m. Mission Halt — Sunday: Special Mission Service, 
6.80 P.M. ; Wednesday : Ditto, with Instruction, 7M p.m. 

(b) Outdoor Services in summer and Cottage Meetings in winter in eveiy part of the 
parish, arranged by plan issued monthly. 

(c) Classes. — Sundavs as above in the Churches. Also Young Men's Institute, 2 p.m. 
Mission Hall (Young Women) 2.30 p.m.; Vestry (Women) 8 p.m.; Class Room of 
School (Women) 2 p.m. Week Days: Tuesdays, Mission Hall, Men's, 7.80 p.m.; 
Women's, 7.80 p.m. Sunday School Teachers', Mondays, 7.80 p.m. Communicants* 
Instruction in Churches. 

III. Btatistiei.— (a) Number confirmed, 1885, 181 children, 72 adults; Communicants on 
roll, about 600 ; Baptisms, 280 ; ^ Marriages, 70 ; Funerals, 280. i 

(b) O^erforiet.— Church Expenses, 194i: ; Sick and Poor, 70/. ; Town Mission, 32/. ; 
Day and Sunday Schools, 27/. ; C.E.T.S., 8/. ; Parochial Funds (varioos) 12/1 Outtidt 
Parish, — Hospitals, 15/. ; Church Building, ML ; Home and Foreign Missions, 41/. 
IV. School!.— ^eeAdloy (4).— Average attendance, 690. Sunday (10>— Average atten- 
dance, 1,200. 
V. Parochial Btait— Clergy, 6 ; Lay Reader, 1; Select Vestr>', 24 ; LadyNune; Church- 
wardens, 4 ; Sidesmen, 28 ; Organists, 7 ; Clerk ; Sexton ; Choirs, 184 ; Sunday School 
Teachers, 116 ; District Visitors, 40 ; Day School Teachers, 26 ; with other Officers of 
Clubs, School Managers, Ac 

VI. Parochial Societies.— C.E.T.S. ; O.F.a ; Church Defence Institution; Mothers' Meet- 
ings ; Clothing Clubs ; Society of Industry ; White Cross Army, with VigiUnce Com- 
mittee ; Blanket and Linen Loan Clubs ; Young Men's Institutes : Band of Hone - 
Ladies' Working Party ; Lay Helpers' Association j Sunday School Conference Com- 

' Average,] 

yn. SeereaUons, 4e. — Young Men's Church InBiitnte, with Lectures, Debates, Claases, and 
Exhibitions; Temperance Mectingci, Lectures, and Entertainments; Social Church 
Defence, Sunday School, and other Conversaziones ; Annual Parochial Tea and Festival, 
and District Festivals; Annual G.F.S. Festival; Sunday School and other Libraries; 
String Band for Young Men; Cricket and Football Clubs; many Excursions for 
Workers, Choirs, CbUdren, &c Night School in Winter ; Men's Discussion daasea. 


I. Population, about 8,000. Principally engaged in the shoe trade, with a few ironstone 
labourers. A ^ood many shopkeepers, with a sprinkling of profe ssional men. 
II. Churell Semees.— (a) Within the Church,— Parish Church, Sundays : Holy Com- 
munion every Sunday, 8 ; and on first and third Sundays in evenr month, 10.45 ; Mattins, 
10.45 ; First Evensong, or Litany, 8 ; Holv Baptism, 4 ; l^vensong, 6.80. Week 
Days : Mattins and Litany, Wednesdays and Fridays, 1 1 ; Daily Evensong, with Sermon, 
on Thursdays, 7.45; Holy Baptism, Thursdays, 7. Special Conmiunicants' Service 

3fi99ioH Church. — Sundays : Holy Communion first, third, and fifth Sundays, 8 ; 
aeoond and fourth Sundays in every month, 10.45 ; Mattins, 10.45 ; Holy Baptism, 4.15 ; 
Evensong, 6.80. Wbek Days : Wednesday, Evensong with Sermon, 8 ; Holy Baptism , 
Wednesdays, 7.80. 

(b) Outside the Church.— -In Church Room : Sundays : Children's Service. 10.45 ; 
Evensong and Sermon for Adults, 6.80. Week Days : Service on Wednesday ffTeniog, 
with Address, 8.30. In School Room : Two Children's Services on Sundays, 10.45. 
Cottage Meetings from time to time. Office of Praver and Praise for Sunday School 
Teachers, first Sunday in each month. Addresses at Mothers' Meetings weekly. 

(c) luMtruetiou e/as*ef.— Mixed Bible Class, 100 Members, Mondays, 8.15 ; Married 
Men*s Class, 60 Members, Sundays, 3 ; Married Women's Class, 62 Members, Sundays, 8 ; 
Three Young Men's Classes, 70 Members, Sundays, 8 ; Four Young Women's Classes, 
100 Members, Sundays, 8 ; Class at Young Ladies' Boarding Schools, weekly ; Four Con- 
firmation Classes in Spring ; Pupil Teachers' Class ; Old Confirmation dandidates are 
called together twice or thrice a year ; Special Classes for Communicants before Easter 
eyery year, oniinarily once a month. 

m. Statiiticf . — (a) Number of Baptisms in 1885, 150 ; Candidates confirmed, 76 ; Com- 
municants, 550. 

(b) Contributiont. — Curates, Schools, Church, Church Services, &c., 914/. 0$, lOd, ; 
Foreign Missions, 4SL 3«. 6d ; Sundav School Treats, &c., 82/. 5«. Gd, 

17. ScllOOli.— (a) Day Schools.— Boy8,'220 ; CSirls, IGO ; Infants, No. 1, 132 ; Infants, No. 2, 
157. Large Board Schools and Third Grade Grammar School. 

(c) Sunday Schools. — In eleven separate rooms besides class-rooms. Number of 
Scholars, 1,253. The Sunday Schools, into which no child is admitted till baptized, are 
managed, under the general supervision of the Vicar, by a Council, meeting monthly, 
consisting of the Clergy, Superintendents, and one elected Teacher from each room. This 
system works well, united efibrts are encouraged, and Teachers' grievances are almost 

7. Parochial BtaJL — Vicar and two Curates ; Two Lay Readers ; Two Churchwardens and 

48 Sidesmen ; Organists, 4 ; Four Choirs, 94 ; Ringers, 16 ; District Visitors, 16 ; 

Sunday School Superintendents and Teachers, 108 ; Helpers at Children's Services, 20. 

YI. Parochial Clubi, 4o. — Three Mothers' Meetings, number on books, 232 ; deposits, 214/. 

in 1885-6; Women's Benefit Club, 312 Members, 1,300/. invested; Children's Clothing 

Club, 339 Members, Annual Deposits, 200/. ; Children's Benefit Club, 00 Members, 150/. 

invested ; Young Women's Sewing Class. 

Vn. Parochial Seereatioiii.— Cricket Clubs; Football Clubs ; Temperance Society, meet- 
ings with addresses and music for Adults and Children alternately every week during 
winter. Lending Library for (a) Sunday School Teachers, (b) Young Men, (c) Sunday 
School Scholars. Parochial Tea annually. Class and other Teas frequently. Parish 
Magazine, • Banner of Faith,' sold at a penny, and pays its way well ; 650 subeoibers. 


I. Population, last census, 10,253 ; since increased and increasing. Essentially a working- 
class population. Manufacturing, mining, agricultural. 
II. Clinreil Serrioes, 4c.— Pom* Church (900) : 7.30 Holy Communion ; 10.30 (with Holy 
Communion 2nd monthly) ; 8 p.m. Children's Services ; Instructions ; Baptisms fort- 
nightly ; Quarterly Intercession for Missions, &c., &c., G.30. 

Chapel o/EoH (250)w— 7.80, Holy Ck)mmunion ; 10.30 (with Holy Communion once a 
mcntb); 6,80. 

64 '^arocl^ial ^oirfe. 

School Chapel (120).— Occasionally afteroooa or evening senice. 
[MiMMumSooml2W). „ „ „ 

* Saints* Days, &c, — Holy Communion at Church and Chapel of Ease. 
Week Days, — Parish Church, daily ; Monday, Wednesday, 'and Friday, 10.80 a.m. ; 
Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, 7.30 am. ; Wednesday evenin;;, 7.80, with Baptisms 
monthly ; Dinner-hour Services (17 minutes), every Friday in Lent 
Ch£q)d of Ease.— D&ilv, 8.45 a.m.; 7.15 p.m. 

Meetings, §-c.— Two Mothers' Meetings, weekly ; two Cottage Readings, fortnightly ; 
two Penny Banks, weekly ; two Temperance Meetings, monthly ; one St. George's Guild 
(Purity), monthly ; one Young Men's Mutual Improvement Society, monthly for six 
months m year ; Choir, 2nd or 3rd weekly ; Scwinjj, &c.. for Missionary Cause ; G.F.S. ; 
Monthly Class for Young People not attending Sunday School ; Church' Defence Society, 
with monthly meetings ; Confirmation Classes for twu months before Confirmation ; Pupil 
Teachers' Religious Instruction, weekly. An annual meeting of the Lay Heliiers' AssociA- 
tion, which numbers 360 members. The Association is di\ided into eighth branches. All 
Members have cards, which have to be signed by the Vicar annually. The Members' 
prayers to bo said daily, or on one fixed day each week. 
III. Btatittiei. — (From January 1 to December 31, 1885). Baptisms, 212 ; Marriages, 53 ; 
Burials, 150. Confirmation every two years— 1885, 124; 1883, 180. IloJy Communion 
celebrated 195 times ; Easter Communicants, 598 ; average number present at Church at 
7.30 on Sundays, 54 ; at Chapel of Ease, 13 ; at Church at 10.30, 65 ; at Chapel of Ease, 
19. Collections (exclusive of all parochial donations to the.«e or any other objects): 
Diocesan Church Work, 8/. ; Parish Church Work, 500/. ; Home and Foreign Missions, 
115/.: Hospitals, aiarities. Poor, 133/. ; Total, 816/. 

17. SchOOll. — Day Schools, 1,477 on books; Sunday Schools^ over 1,600. There are four 
Sunday Schools (separate institutions)— one connected with the Church, one with the 
Chapel of Ease, one with the School Chapel, and one with the Mis.«ion Room. 
V. Parochial Btaft— Clergj-, 4 ; Wardens and Sidesmen, 6 ; Choir, 80 ; Day School 

Teachers, 82 ; Sunday School Teachers, 97 ; District Visitors, 8 ; Chanel of Ease Lay 
Council, 7 ; Bell Ringers, 10 ; Temperance Society Committee, 30 ; Penny Bank 
Managers, 12. 
VI. Eecreatione, Ac— A Temperance Society (free) ; Reading Room ; Frequent Enter- 
tainments in all the Schools ; New Year and Whitsuntide Festivities ; Parish Magazine ; 
Parish Almanac ; School Library. 


Church, a very beautiful one of red sandstone, and of great age, holds 800 people, and U 
quite centra). No Mission Churches or Cliapels, but the people come well to the Church, 
which they love and value ; those who live the farthest away come best. The feat-* in 
Church are appropriated in the morning, but free at night. 

n. Clmrch Boryioei. — Holy Communion 8 a.m. each Suoday, and also, at II a.m. e%'ery 
other Sunday, also on all Saints* Days and Holy Days at 8 a.m. Daily Mattins 8.30 a.m., 
and Evensong 6 p.m. On Sundays : Mattins, 11 ; Children's l^ervice, 3 p.m. ; Evensong', 
6 P.M. First Friday in the month Interce.^8oiy Service, 3 p.m. Sunday morning Service 
attended by diflercnt class lo Sunday evening — one rich and well-to-do, other cliieflv poor, 
who attencl well. In Advent and Lent special Friday Services, 7 p.ii. ; also in Xdvent 
and Lent services nightly on first four days of each week in various hamlets, 7 p.m. ; also 
during summer months open-air Services each Sunday afternoon in some hamlet at 3 p.m. ; 
Bible Class at 2 p.m. in Church on Sunday ; Communicants Class at 3.80 p.m. in Church 
on Monday before first Sunday in the month. 

III. BtatiitiCi. — Baptisms, 30 (1885) ; Communicants on Easter Day, 350. 

Finance. — Offertories for poor, 85/. ; Church Expenses (by collection), 100/. ; OflTertoric^ 
for various other objects, 100/. 

17. School!.— (National) average attendance, 101. Giris, 90; Infants, 50. Many of the 
Children have to come 3 miles to school. Sunday School is chiefly for assembling for 
Church and singing hymns. The School carries off each year over 20 prizes given by the 

» (1) Sunday School Teacher ; (2) Choir or Harmonium ; (3) Worker for Home or Foreign Missions • 
(4) District Visitor ; (6) Temperance Society Helper, or Penny Bank ; (6) Charcfa Helper, whether in 
the Church or churchyard, washing or repairing surplices, washing H. C. linen, repairing banners, in 
charge of hangings or providing flowers, or cooking for sick poor, or in other ways ; (7) warden rides- 
\nan, or school treasurer ; (8) Mothers* meeting, or " ParlBh Magazine/' or Cottage Lecture. * 

'^airocl^tal ^orfe. 65 

SUflbrd Board of EducadoD for Reliuioos Knowledge, and for many years past has gained 
• Excellent ' in all divisions and in all subjects at the annoal Diocesan Examination. 
y. FtroohiAl Staif. — Clergy, 3 ; Churchwardens, 2 ; Choir, 24 ; Teachers in Day Schools, 
7 ; District Visitors, 10. 
YI. Clnbt and Boeieties. — Village Club and Reading Room; Girls* Friendly Society; 
Clothing Clab (200 members) ; Shoe Club ; 250 copies ci Parish Magazine taken monthl}'. 
Missionary Asnciation : amount contributed (1885), 32/. There is a Churchyard Fund, 
12/. yeariy. A good Library exbts. 

^ BI0CE8B 0? ST. DAVID'S. 

I. POpmlatioiL — Borough, 21,000; Parish, 9,071. Occupation', Copper works, tin-plate 
works, lead works, collieries. Social Character : Clerks, tradespeople, artisans, metal 
workers, colliers. Feevniary Circunutances : Poor, but with little destitution. Area, 
2 miles by 1 mile. 
n. Chureh SerTiCM.~(l) Parish Church (Welsh). — Within the Church, accommodation, 
591 sittings, all free and unappropriated, (a) Sundays : Holy Communion, 7.30 a jf . every 
Sunday ; also at 9.30 a.m. first Sunday in the month, or great Festivals ; on Advent 
and Easter Sundays at 7 a.m. and 9.30 a.m. ; average attendance at Holy Communion : 
Ist Sunday in the month, 165 ; last Easter, 247. riumber of Communicants on the 
register, 390. Matt ins at 10 ; average attendance, 150. Evensong, 6.30 ; average 
attendance, 400. Wkek-dat Services : Evensong, Mondav and Fridav, or Saints' Day, 
at 7 ; Sennon on Friday evening or Saints' Day. Holy Baptism at Mattins or Even- 
song on 2nd Sunday in the month, and at Evensong 00 any Saints' Day, or last Monday 
in the month. Churchings at any time, but rare. 

(2) Efufiah Church (Chapel of Ease).— Within the Church, accommodation, 604 
fittings ; all free and unappropriated (except Chancel). Sundays : Uoly Communion at 
8 A jf ., and abo at 11 on the 1st Sunday in the month and on great Festivals ; and at 7, 
8, and 11 a.m. on greater Festivals. Average attendance on Ist Sunday in the month, 
148 : Last Easter, 341. Number on Communicants* Register, 465. Mattins at 11 ; average 
attendance, 380. Evensong, 6.30 ; average attendance, 550. Holy Days : Holy Com- 
munion, 7.30 A.M. ; Mattins, 11 ; Evensong, 7.30. Wkkk Day Services : Mattins daily 
at 8 (in Lent, 7.30) ; Evensong daily at 7.30 ; Sermon on Wednesday evening, or on 
Saints' Day. Holy Baptism at Mattins or Evensong on 2nd Sunday in the month, at 
Mattins or Evensong on Holy Days, and occasionally ou other days. Churchings at any 

(b) Outside the Church. — Mission Room ; accommodation, 30. Service on Tuesday 
evenings in winter ; average attendance, 20. 

(c) Instruction, given in Classes, — (1) Men's Bible Class (being re-formed\ 20 ; (2) 
Choir Qass in Vestry, Sundays 2.30 ; average attendance, 18. (3) Men's Guild, Fridav 
evening, in the Vestry, at lB.45; Members, 54 ; average attendance, 15. (4) Women^s 
Guild, Thursdav evening, in Vestry, at 8 ; Members, '35 ; average attendance, 15. (5) 
Confirmation Classes three months before annual Confirmation. (6) Beligious Instruction 
by Clergy in Day School twice a week. 

HI, StatUtioi. — Number of BaptiBms in 1885, 110 ; number confirmed in three years (1883 
to 18S5), 175, of whom 47 were over 21 years ; Communicants last Easter Day, in both 
Churches, 646 ; number on registers, 866. 

lY. SehOOli. (a) Day : number on books, 352 ; average attendance, 286. (b) Sunday : 

number on books in four buildings, 740. 
V. — Faroehial Staff. — Clergy, 3 ; Churchwardens, 4 ; two Choirs, 87 ; Sunday School 
Teachers, 43 ; District Visitors, 12. 

YI. Paroehial Clubi. — Men's Guild, 54 Members ; Women's Guild, 35 ; Church Temper- 
ance Society, 246 Members; Girls' Friendlv Soc-ety, 60 Members; White Cru5rt 
Society, 32. 

YII. Parochial Becreationa . — Sunday School Treats and Excursions ; Choir Excursions ; 
Entertainments ; Concerts. 


I. Population, last census, 11,837, since increased. Composed mainly of working classes. 
Suburb of large manufacturing town. 

II. Chureh Senrieei.— (a) Sunday: ParuA C%«rc^, holding 1,100—8.0 Holy Commu- 
nion ; 10.30 ; 2.45 (Children's Service three times a month) ; and 6.30. Two Mi8si/>n 
Churches holding each 350 : Sundays, 10.30 and 6.80. Holy Communion, in each tH-ici; 
a month — viz. at 7.45 a.m. and 12 noon. Mid-day, Holy Communion, Parish Church, twice 

66 "^airocl^iat ^orlk. 

A month. Saints* Days : Holy Ck>mmanion, 10.30 a.m., in Parish Church. Frequent 
Celehrations on great Festivals. M%$mon Chanel holding 100: Sunday Evemng, 6.30. 
Week Days : Parish Church, daily 8 a.m. ; Monday and Friday, 5 p.m. ; Wet&esday, 
with Sermon, 7.80 p.m.; Saturday, with Address to Communicants, 7 poc. In each 
Mission Church one Week-day Evening Service, 7.30 p.m. with Sennon. All Services 
fully Choral. Occasional Srrvices : Monthly and Quarterly Devotional Ser>'ices for 
Communicants; Devotional Meetings after Sunday Evening Services in Lenf. Three 
Children's Services in Schools each Sunday. 

(b) ClasseMtSfc. — Mothers* Meetings weekly in connection with Parish Chnrdi and 
each Mission Church ; aggregate attendance about 110. Young Women's Bible Class, 
fortnightly attendance, 70. Men's Bible Class, weekly attendance, 80. Teachers' Pre- 
paration diass ; Three Branches of Girls' Friendly Socie^, 80 ; District Visitors' Meetings. 
C.E.T.S. three Junior and two Senior Bands of Hope, meeting weekly ; number of Ab- 
staining Members, 984. Meetings held during year, 165. Communicants' Unions ; two 
branches meeting each once a month. 
m. Statistiei.— In past year Baptisms, 244 ; Weddings, 80 ; Funerals, 150. Annual 
Confirmation, average about 105 Candidates. 

Ojfertorta.— Diocesan Work, 11/. 9«. 3d. ; S.P.G.. 17/. 1«. Urf. ; Hospitals, 22/. 2s. ; 
C.E.T;S., 5/. ; Home Church Work, 200/, Total for Church Work, 1,251/. 
IV. Schools. — Five Day Schools, 1,100 ; seven Sunday Schools and four Sunday Bible 
Classes. Average attendance, 1,500 ; on books, 2,000. 

Communicants. — ^Total Celebrations in year, 158 ; Easter Day Communicants, 750 ; 
total Acts of Communion in year, 6,101. 
y. Parochial Stait — Clergy, 6 ; Honorary Clergy, 1 ; Churchwardens and Sidesmen, 14 ; 
Mission Woman ; Choirs, 100 ; District Visitors, 90 ; Sunday School Teachers, 100 ; Day 
School, 20 ; Vergers and Caretakers, 4. 
YI. Parochial Olnbs. — Penny Banks ; 6.F.S. ; Clothing ; Sick and Burial Societ}*. 
VII. Secreations. — Cricket and Football Clubs ; Mutual Improvement Society ; Gymnasium. 

I. Popolation, about 1,674. There are a few resident gentry, but the inhabitants are 
maiuly small farmers and labourers, with a few fishermen and quarrymen. 
n. Church Services. — Parish C^icre/*.— Sundays : 10.30 a.m. in Welsh ; 3 p.m. in English ; 
and 6 p.m. in Welsh, excepting the 2nd Sunday in the month, when the morning service 
is in English ; sermon at each service. Wednesdays : at 7 p.m. ; service and sermon in 
Welsh. Baptisms and Churchings at any service excepting the morning. Holy Com- 
munion : 1st Sunday in each month in Welsh, and 2nd Sunday in English ; and on the 
chief Festivals there are two Celebrations. Special Services in Lent and Advent. Prayers 
said at 11 a.m. ; on Saints' Days in English. 

Chapel of E€ue.-^2 fm., Service and Sermon in Welsh on each Sunday, excepting the 
8rd Sunday in each month, when there is a Morning Service, with Holy Communion, 
at 10.30, and an additional Service and Sermon at 6 p.m., and on Thursday Service and 
Sennon at 7 tm, — all in Welsh. 

mission /Zoom.— Distant 5 miles from the Parish Church on the hills. Service and 
Sermon in Welsh at 10.80 A.M. and 6 p.m. on alternate Sundays, and on the other Sundays 
at 2.30 P.M., with Litany and Sermon at 6 vm. — all in Welsh. Holy Communion the last 
Sunday in the month; so that there is a Celebration in the Parish four times each month. 
Prayer Meetings on Mondaj* in the Parish School Room, and on Wednesdays at the 
Mission Room. 

Instruction Classes. — Bible and Praver Book Class during the week from Advent to 
Easter in three different centres ; Condrmation CUsses at two or three centres for three 
months in each year ; a monthly Communicants' Meeting at each centre ; occasional in- 
struction of Sunday School Teaclicrs and Pupil Teachers. 

III, Statistics. — Baptisms in 1885, 16 ; Candidates confirmed, on an average of three years, 
17 ; Total number otbonajide Church people fnot reckoning those who come occasionally 
and attend other places of worship), 542, of whom 256 are Commimicants. The average 
monthly attendance at Holy Communion is 176. Contributions. — Schools, Church 
Services, Curate, S.P.G., St. David's Diocesan Fund, Incorporated Church Building 
Society, Archldiaconal Board of Education, County Infirmary, &c., amounting to 
880/. 4«. lOrf. in 1885. 

IV. Schools.— 7%ree Mixed Chnrch Schools. — No. 1: number on books, 130; average 
attendance, 100. No. 2: number on books, 20; average attendance) 18. No. 8: on 
books, 60 ; average attendance. 46. Three separate Sundcuf ^cAoo/t.— Number of children 
on books, 174 ; of adults over '20, 81 ; Total of 255. 

^oirocl^ial iBorlfe. 67 

y. PaioekUl Stalt — ^Vicar and 2 Curates ; ChorchwardenB, 8 ; and Sidesmen, 7 ; Sunday 

School Teacfaen, 22 ; Choristers* 85. 
YI. Pazoehial Olnhs.— Sick Cluh ; Clothing Club ; Coffee Tavern. 
TEL Total Amount ozponded diuring Incumbency of Present Vicar.— 8,018/. 13s, id,, 

Tiz. : 2,017/. 17«. Id. on Schools, and 995/. 16s. on Parish Church. The foundation stone 

of a new Church on the site of one of the old pre-Rcformation Chapels is laid ; total cost 



L Popnlation, 1,883 ; almost entirely English-speaking ; comiwsed of a few people of 
independent means, professional men, shopkeepers, artisans, a few farmers, and labourers. 
n. Chnrcli Sorvicec.— Morning and evening on Sundays ; Thursday evenings. Advent to 
Easter ; and Saints' Day evenings, Easter to Advent ; Mattins and Litany, VVednesdays 
and Fridays at 11 ; extra services in Lent; Children's Services 8rd Suo(Uiy afternoon in 
each month. Holy Communion : 1st and 8rd Sundays in each month at 1 1 am. service ; 
other Sundays at 8 a.m. ; at both hours on great Festivals and the Sunday after Con- 
firmation; on Saints' Days at 8 a.m. or U a.m., according to the time of year. Churchings 
at the banning of any service ; Baptisms at any service except Sunday mornings. 

Instruction Classes, — Bible Classes for Young Men, for Yoimg Women, and for Elder 
Women ; Confirmation Classes weekly for men and women separately for about 2 months 
before Confirmation, and, in addition, individual instruction for each candidate. 
m. Statiatles. — (a) Number of Baptisms in 1885, 81 (including 2 of adults) ; candidates 
confirmed in 1885, 12 ; Communicants on Easter Day 1885, 187. (b) Contributions.— 
Schools, Church Services, Poor Relief, S.P.G., C.M.S., A.C.S., National Society, Church 
Defence, Incorporated Church Building, Church of England Homes for Waifs and Strays, 
CJ*JL, 2 Diocesan Funds, Dispensary', &c Indian orphan supported in S.P.G. Mission 
School at DapoU. 
lY. Bohoola.— C%«rcA Schools.-^1) Mixed, (2) Infants. No. 1, on books, 131 ; average 
attendance, 99. No. 2, on books, 46; average attendance, 31. Sunday School: on 
booka, 170. 
y. Parochial Staff. — Rector and Assistant Curate ; Churchwardeni*, 2, and Sidesmen, 4 ; 

District Visitors, 8 ; Sunday School Teachers, 28 ; Choirs, 35. 
YI. Parochial Club.— Clothing Club. 
▼n. Lending Library. — G.F.S. Lending Library, Church House, contaiuing rooms for 
holding Bible Classes, &c. ; and Lending Library Branch of C.E.T.S. containing 75 adult 
and 75 juvenile memliers. 


I. Population. — Nature of Parish, — Artisan class and labourers chiefiy. Some of the 
lower middle class, and middle class — a greater number of whom have known better 
days and are in want. Total 15,000. Very shifting population. 
II. Cnnrcdi Bervicei. — (i.) Sundays: Holy Communion, 8 a.m. Morning Service; Holy 
Communion on first and third Sundays, 11 a.m. Children*s Service and Baptisms, 3.30 i>.m. 
Evening Service, 6.45 p.m. Instructions in Lent and Advent on Sunday evenings after 
service, on Confirmation and Holy Communion. Men's Service, last Sunday in mouth, 
4.16 P.M. Holy Days : Holy Communion with sermons, 7.30 a.m. and U a.m. Otiieu 
Days: Morning Prayer, 9 a.m. Wednesdays and Fridays, Litany, 11 a.m. Evening 
Prayer, 8 p.m. On Tuesday evenings there is an instruction at the close of Evening 
Service. On Wednesday evenings there is a sermon at the close of Evening Service. On 
Friday evenings there is a Congrej^atioual Choir practice at the close of Evening Seririce. 
B.vrrisxs : Sunday afternoons, 4 ; Thursday evenmgs, 8.30 ; WeUiies^luy and Friday 
mornings, 11.15 a.m. CnuRCHiNttH : Before or after any Service. The Clergy cau be seen 
after any Service. On the last Monday evening in the month there is a Special Service 
for C4>mmunicants at 8.30 p.m. 

(iL) St. Paul's Missions (in opiH)e*ite parts of tlie Parish).— J/<Wo;t Strvices. 

Surrey Gardens, accommodation 700.— Sundays : Sunday School, 10 a.m.; Children'!* 
Service, 11 a.m.; Sunday School, 3 r.M. ; Mission Service, 7 p.m.; Prayer Meeting, 
H.30 P.M. Monday : Mothers' Meeting, 2.30 p.m. Tiesday : Mission Service, 8 p.m. 
Thursday : Band of Hope, 5.30 p.m. ; Women's Bible Clas?, 7.30 ; Temperance 
Meeting, 8.30 p.m. Friday : Devotional Meeting, 8.30 p.m. Services arc held out of 
doors twice weekly, and in a large Lodging House for men on Sunday afternoons ; becis 
SdL a night — Accommodation 600. — Sundays: Sunday School, 10 a.m.; Children's 
Service, 11 aji. ; Sunday School, 8 p.m. ; Mission Service, 7 p.m. ; Prayer Meeting, 
8.30 I'.M. Monday : Mothers' Meeting, 2 p.m. Wednesday : Tea for Blind Poor, 

68 "^arocl^ial ^oth. 

5.80 P.M. Thursday: Band of Hope, 6 p.m. Satubdat : Mimon Senrioe oar# oj 
doors, 8 P.M. The Missions are worked bj 2 clergymen and a Mission Corps nombering 
about 80 men and women of the humbler class chiefly. 

(iii.) Other Meetings, — Sunday : Meeting for Sunday School Teaeben, in Church 

District Visitors Meeting, in the Vestiy (first Wednesday in the month), 11.15 ajc. 

(iv.) St. PomFs Lodge (Centre for f Foments Work and G,F,8. Lodpe). — Cheap 
J^odgings for Women and Girls. Recreation Ilooms for Young Women in business. 
Music, Singing, Reading, Sewing, and Cutting-out Gasses, weekly. Dorcas Society 
Meeting, Tuesday, 2.a0. Library. Needlework given out to the Poor on Fridays, from 
Q to 4.30 P.M. 

(v.) Sunday Bible Clcunu. — Men, 4.15 p.m. ; Young Women, 3 p.m. ; Youths, 4.15 p.m. ; 
Young Women, 8 p.m., at the Mission?. 

III. Btatisties for 1885. — Baptisms, 3G9; Candidates confirmed, 130; Communicants at 
Easter, 468. ToUl through year, 5,504. 

Offertory {approximate) at Church and 3fi8sions. — General £xpen>e8, 620/.; Parochial 
Institution?, 141/.; Missions, &c.. 76/.; Subscriptions for all purpo^tes from 1,900 
Subscribers, 850/. Total, 1,187/. Magazine oirculation, 1,400. 

lY. Behooli. — Day: in one psrt of the Parish accommodating GOO. New Schools are 
beim^ opened in one of the Mission Buildings to accommodate nearly 500. 

Sunday : in three centres of the Parish contain 2,200 children on the books. 
Night : at Missions. 
y. Staif of Worken . — Clergy, 5 ; Churchwardens, 2, and Sidesmen, G — ^forming a Finance 
Committee for Church, &c. ; Members of Schools Committee, 12 ; District Visitors, 8 ; 
Alagazine Distributors, 25 ; Mission Women, 3 ; Deaconesses, 2 ; Sunday School Teachers, 
180 ; Members of Church Mission Corps, 90. 

VI. Seoreation. — Concerts: In the summer months outdoor Instrumental Concerts are 
given in the Vicarage garden for the parish by a string band formed in the pariah. These 
are held on Saturdays from 6.30 to 8.30. In the winter fortnightly Concerts are held in 
one of the Mission lEIalls. Clubs : A House of Recreation connected with G.F.S. with 
lodgings attached. A similar one is being started on a larger scale for youths. Working 
Men's Club and Library. Cricket Club for youths. 

VII. Other Inetitatioilf.-— -Banrf o/ i/ii/)e.— Children, 410. Fiower Show (annually).— 
Exhibitors, 250, at the last, chieflv from the poor. Penny Banks : for adults, worked by 
Lay Agents ; for children, through schools. 


I. Population, 10,000; composed of artisans, shopkeepers, labourers, and mill hands. 
Several large manufactories and works in the Parish, the proprietors of which all reside 
in fashionable suburbs, a distance from the Parish. 

II. Chnroh Sdrvioea . — Church accommodation, 750 ; all seats free. Services.— Sukdats : 
8 o'clock (Holy Communion), 10.80, 6.80. 2.45 1st Sunday in month and on Sondi^ of 
Church Seasons, Christmas, Epiphany, &c. Holy Commnnion every Sunday at 8 iuv., 
and 1st Sunday of month at 10.30 Service, 3rd Sunday after Evening Service. Week 

^ Class, Sondaya 

C/oMet.— Christian Workers' Association Monthly Meetings, 8rd Tneeday at 7.45 ; 
Sundav School Teachers' Meeting, quarterly ; Mothers* Meeting, Mondays 2.80 ; Savings 
Iknk, Monday evening 7-8. Night Schools during winter, Monday, Tuesday, Thnrsdav, 
and Friday. 

III. StatlBtlof , 1885-1886.— Baptisms 364 (births in Parish, 440) ; confirmed, 109 ; Total for 
three past Confirmations, 406 ; Communicants on roll, 550 ; number on Ea^er Siiiiday,473. 
During year the Holy Communion was administered 82 times ; Total number of Com- 
munions made, 2,430 ; average per month, 183. Parochial Magazine, number of copies 
sold (lie/, each), 7,788: monthly circulation, 649. Chnrch Finance: amount reeeived 
from all sources, 472/., of which 91/. was for CHiaritable Purposes, Mi<M^^n% Hoepitals, 
and Diocesan Societies. 

IV. Sohoole. — Z>ay Schools : average, 518 ; number on books, 692. Sunday Sekooli : 
average, 608 ; number on beoks, 867 ; 250 of 16 years and upwards. 

^arocl^ial iBor6. 69 

y. Pflvoeldal Stait — Clergy 2; Lay Reader; Miasion Woman; Church Officers, 
Auditory &c^ 8 ; Choir, 42 ; Sunday School Staff, 46 ; District Visitors, 85 ; Secretaries, 
&c^ 6 ; Total, 187 ; deduct those serving in more than one capacity, 25-— Total, 162. 

TI. BtertatUnif. — Football; Cricket; Picnics weekly during summer; Monthly Enter- 
tainments during winter. 

11,^BI0CE8S 07 BUSEAM. 

I. FopvlfttlOB, 2,828.— Agricultural, with a few tradesmen. 1 Village and 3 Hamlets 

Area about 3i6 square miles. 
n. Clinreli ServicM. — (a) Sundays : Morning, 10.30 ; Evening, C ; Afternoon monthly for 

Young. Holy Communion eveiy Sunday and on Festivals. Baptisms, 3 P3f . i Funerals, 

4 P.M. Wekk Days : Daily Evening i*rayer at 6. Morning Prayer on Saints* Days. 

Sermon on Tuesday Evening. Baptisms on Wednesdays and Fridays at 10 a.m. 

(b^ Omiside ike Church, — Chapel 4^ miles to East on Sunday Morning ; Mission Room 

24 miles to North on Sunday Afternoon ; Mission Room 8 Miles to West on Sundav 

Evening. Wbkk Days in Winter 4 Services with Sermons. Workhouse on Wednesday 

at 5 p Jff. 

(e) Ctdjses. — For Vonng Women, at Rectory 2 p.m. on Sundays ; for Sunday School 

Teachers, in Vestry every Thursday at 6.30 ; for Young Men, in Vestry every l riday at 

7.30. Communicants* Union Montnly. Weekly Prayer Meeting on Monday. 
m. 8tetiitiet.^Baptisms, 68 ; Funerals, 101 ; Confirmees, 74 ; Communicants last year, 

lY. flelUMli. — Wksk Day.— On the Books, 830 ; Average Attendance, 285 in 8 Schools. 

Sunday Schools, 310. 
y. Pirocaial Staff.— Clergy, 3 ; Churchwardens, 5 ; Ancient Vestrymen, 24 ; Organist, 1 ; 

Clerk. 1 ; Sexton, 1 ; Choirs (4), 66 ; Sunday School Teachers, 21 ; District Visitors, 11 ; 

Day School Teachers, 8. 
YL Psroddal Clnbs and SooietiM.—Clothing Club ; C. E. Temf erance Society for 

Adults ; Band of Hope for Young ; Branch of Girls' Friendly Society. 
YH. BaerMUom. — Institute Reading Room and Library ; Occasional Lectures and Musical 

Entertainments ; Excursions and Treats for Choirs ; Scholars ; Band of Hope ) Cricket 

and Football Gubs ; and Annual Festival of G. F. Society. 



Thgbb are many aspects of social and political life in the present day 
which, though not without hope for the future welfare of the nation, still 
suggest grave causes for anxiety, and must naturally arouse the con- 
aciflnoe 01 the Church to an increased sense of responsibility, quickening 
both a desire and zeal to make the influence of Christianity permeate 
through every class of the community. 

The social relationship between the rich and poor, the commercial ties 
between capital and labour, the extravagances of wealth, the prevalence 
of suffering, ignorance, and vice among the masses, the deadening infla- 
enoes of unbelief in its several phases — all these things call loudly upon 
the Church of this age to carry the healing and life-giving influence of 
the Gospel of Christ to every heart and home. 

It will be seen from the records which follow in this Section that Home 
Miiision work is really occupying a very prominent place in the minds of 
sealous Churchmen, who are in many ways assisting it, either by gifts of 
money or personal service. 

The existence and extension of the Universities and Public Schools 

Clerical anb <^afi Jlgenctes. 

Missions is a very remarkable and interesting witness to a spirit of 
Christian zeal and enterprise animating the yonth of our English schools 
and nniyersities, and cannot fail to exert a most wholesome influence 
npon the future life of those who, being called to places of responsibility, 
will be so often brought into immediate contact with the poor. 



I. Locality of the Xitiion. — Hackney Wick, London, £. It was founded in 1880, 
and the district has a population of 6,000. 

n. Begular Bta£— Three Clergy, two of them volunteers; two Clewer Sisters, a 
Mission woman, and a Nurse. 

m. Servieei, fte. — Sundays : Holy Communion at 8, Mattins 11, Open-air Service 
at 12, Children's Service, 8.45 P.M., Evensong, 7. Daily: Mattins and Bvensong, 
Mission Services, Magic Lantern Services, and Children's Services are also held. 

Other Agencies.— Working Men's Club, Working Lads' Club, Girls' Club, Tem- 
perance (total abstinence) Society, Band of Hope, Cricket, Football, and Rowing 
Clubs. These worked mainly by old Etonians. 

lY. Funds. — The School has contributed an average of 400/. annually for the last 
six years, either through the Offertory, or by voluntary contributions in the different 
houses. * 

Missioner, the Bev. W. M. Carter. Voluntary helpers, the Hon. and Bev. A. G. 
Lawley, the Bev. H. C. Dimsdale. 


I. Locality of the ICiition.— Landport, Portsmouth. The Mission was commenced 
on Advent Sunday, 1882. At first it did not have a room in the district of its own. 
A Mission church, capable of holding 600, is now open. The population is about 

II. Begnlar Staff.— Three Clergy. 

III. Services, 4o.— Sundays : Holy Communion at 7, 8, and 10 A.M., Mattins and 
Sermon at 11, Children's Service at 3.15, Evensong and Sermon at 6.46. Week 
Days : Holy Communion on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays at 8 A.M., Mondays, 
W^nesdays, and Fridays at 7 A.M. ; a Mission Service each evening at 7.30 except 

Otheb Agencies. — A Working Men's Club, Lads' Club, Girls' Club, Com- 
municants' Guild, Sunday School, Boys', Girls', two Mothers' Meetings, and Bcmefit 

lY. Funds. — Since the foundation of the Mission, about 9,1002. has been received. 
Out of this a Mission Church has been built for 9002., and a site for a permanent 
church bought for 2,1002. The school pays 1602. towards the stipend of the Missioner, 
the A.C.S. the other 602. The A.C.S. have also given a grant of 602. for a second curate. 

A Baptist Chapel has recently been bought at a cost of 2,4002. for use as a 
Gymnasium and Sunday School. 

Mission Cleboy.— The Bev. B. B. Dolling, Bev. G. Wickham, and Bev. 0. 


A Missionary Association of past and present members of Magdalen College 
School, Oxford, was formed in 1883. It was started chiefly as a memorial to the 
Bev. H. A. B. Wilson, late of the Universities Mission to Central Africa, a former 
member of the school. In the year 1886-6 a sum of 812. and more was received. At 
a meeting of the Association held on May 4th, 1886, it was resolved — 

1. That a grant of 362. should be made to Umba (through the Universities Mission), 
viz. 72. to the maintenance of a native boy in the school there, and 281. to the Wilson 
Memorial Church at Umba. 

^ntDcrdilies and 'public ^cl^ools ^isdions. 71 

2. That a grant of 35/. should be made (through the Additional Carates' Aid 
Society) to the John Street Mission, in connection with the parish of St. AndrewV, 
Fulham, where the Rev. H. D. Barrett, a former member of the school, is working. 

An iron church is now being erected to seat 350 people. The secretary of the 
M.C.S. Mission Association reports a larger subscription list and increased interest 
in the Mission generally. 

3. That the Committee should endeavour to maintain the income of the Associa- 
tion available for grants for Missionary purposes at a figure of at least 50/. a year. 


1. Locality of the Mission. — In the parish of Bromley-by-Bow ; the district is 
taken from the district churches of St. Michael and All Angels, Bromley, and AU 
Hallows, East India Docks. The Mission was founded in 1881, and has a population 
of about 6,700. 

n. Eegolar Staff. — A curate-in-chargc and an assistant curate ; two sisters of the 
Society of St. John the Baptist, Clewer. 

nL Senricof, fte. — 1. Sundays : Holy Ck)mmunion, 8 ; Mattins, 11; second Celebra- 
tion (choral), 11.45; children's service, 3.30; Evensong, with sermon, 7; Daily: Holy 
Commanion, 7.30; Mattins, Evensong (choral), 7. Festivals : Mattins, 7.80; Celebra- 
tion, 8 ; Evensong, 7. Sermon at Evensong on Wednesdays and Festivals. 

2. Otheb Agencies : Night schools for boys and girls in the winter, Mothers' 
meeting on Monday and Tuesday afternoons; Band of Hope, Monday evenings, 
Workmen's Club. Parochial branch of C.E.T.S. 

lY. Funds. — About 375/. is annually contributed by present members of Christ 
Church for regular expenses. 

Curate-in-diarge, the Rev. the Hon. R. E. Adderley ; Assistant Curate, the Rev. 
P. N. Waggett. 


I. Locality of the Mission.— Salisbury Crescent, Darwin Street, Old Kent Road, 
separated from the parish of St. John, Walworth. It has a population of from 4,000 
to .'i.OOO, and was opened Sexagesima, 1884. 

n. Segnlar Staff. — Two Clerg}-men (one priest, one deacon), assisted by a small 
band of lay helpers. 

m. Services, Ac. — In Church— (a) Sundays : Holy Communion, 8 A.M. ; Children's 
worship, 10; Morning worship for men, 11 ; Catechising, 3.30 P.M. ; Evening worship 
and congr^ational practice, 6.30. (b) Saints' Days : Holy Communion, 8 A.M. ; 
Children's worship, 5 p.m. ; Evening worship, 8. (c) Week days : Daily worship 
at 8 P.M. ; Wednesdays, Children's worship, 5 p.m. ; Holy Baptism, 8 P.M. Thurs- 
days : Men's Bible Class, 9 p.m. ; Saturday : * The Preparation ' for Sunday, 8 P.M. 
Tuesdays, once a fortnight at 8 p.m., Thanksgiving for Holy Communion. 

Other Agencies. — Working Men's Club, Mothers' Meeting, Clothing and Boot 
Club, Men's, Lads', Girls', Clubs ; MatomityFund, Libraries^Tenny Bank, and Children's 
Play Hours. 

The Missioners are the Rev. W. I. Phillips, M.A., and Rev. F. H. Francis, B.A. 


I. Locality of the Mission. — Parish of St. George, Camberwell. Commenced 
in 1886. The population of the parish 22,000. 

The resident members have already promised annual subscriptions to the amount 
of about 270/. for three years, and donations of about 500/. towards first expenses. 

IL Staff of Clergy. —The Rev. Norman Campbell, M. A., Trinity College, Warden 
of the Mission; the Rev. Arthur Appleton, M.A., Trinity College, Curate; the Rev. 
Byrom Holland, M.A., Trinity College, and the Rev. J. Tetley Rowe, M.A., Trinity 
College, Trinity Missioners. 

III. Buildings of the College. — Clergy House, Church and Schools,! 13 Wells Street, 
Camberwell ; Mission Room and Working Men's Club, 295 and 296 Albany Road, 

72 ^nivev&iliea anb public ^cl^ools fissions. 


I. Locality of the HiMion. — In the parish of All Saints (Sorrey Square), Newing- 
ton ; between East Street, Flint Street, and Cottage Bow ; population about 6,000. 

II. Begular StafE^ — A Missioner, a Lady Superintendent, a Mission Woman, a few 
lay helpers. 

III. — Servioei. — Sunday : Holy Ck>mmunion 8 A.M., Children*8 Service 11 A.M., 
Sunday School 3.30 p.m., Evening Service 7.30 P.M. ; Wednesday : Holy Baptism 
7 P.M. ; Saturday : Preparation Class for Holy Baptism 4.30 P.M. 

Otheb Aoengies. — Men's Meeting Sunday P.M., Mothers' Meeting, Oirls* Club, 
Boys' Club, Penny Bank, 6ic. 

IV. Fundi. — About 330/. is annually contributed by past and present members of 
the College. The Bochester Diocesan Society makes an annual grant of 60/. 

The Missioner is the Bev. M. C. Sturges, M.A. 


I. Locality. — A district cut off from the parish of All Saints, Botherbithe, con- 
taining about 5,000 people. 

II. Staff.— The Mission Curate and a band of unpaid workers. 

ni. Services. — Mission Boom : built at a cost of 740/., holding 200. Sunday : 
Holy Communion at 8, Mattins at 11, Evensong at 7 ; Litany on Wednesdays and 
Fridays ; Evensong on Wednesdays at 8. Sunday School : Girls and Infants in Board 
School ; Boys in Mission Boom ; Children's Service, number of scholars about 400. 
Communicants' Guild meets once a month. Surpliced choir. 

Otheb Aoengies. — Mothers' meetings, social gatherings of young men, &c. 

IV. Funds. — A regular income of 200/. to 250/. a year. There is also a separate fund 
for the Mission Building, amounting at present to about 700/. With very few excep- 
tions, the whole of the funds are subscribed by past and present members of Clare 
College, supplemented by an annual grant of 50/. from the Additional Curates' 
Society. The site for the Mission Building has been purchased by the Bochester 
Diocesan Society. 

Curate-in-charge, the Bev. A. E. King, M.A., Clare College Misbion, Botheifaithe, 
who has been working since May 1885. 


I. Locality of the Mission.— Latimer Road, W., a portion of Uie parish of St. 
Helen, North Kensington. It was founded in January 1883, and has a population 
of about 6,000. 

n. Begular Staft— The Mission and an Assistant Curate, a Sister from the 
Diocesan Deaconesses' Institution, Westboume Park, a nurse from the Domestic Bible 
Nurses' Association, and two agents of the Parochial Mission Women's Society (paid 
agents), and about 20 unpaid lay agents. 

III. Seryices, Ac. — Sundays : Celebration, with shortened service and sermon, at 8. 
11.15 A.M. and 7 P.M. Service on Thursday, with sermon, at 8 P.M. Conmmnicants* 
Classes, Sunday Schools. 

Otheb Agencies. — Temperance Meeting, weekly ; Band of Hope, twice a week ; 
Mothers' Meetings, weekly ; Boys' Club, every evening ; Girls' Club, twice a week. 

IV. Funds.— -About 500/. is subscribed annually. Since June 1883, 6,000/. 
has been given, chiefly by old Harrovians, for the purchase of a site for church 
and mission-room, and for the erection of a commodious mission-room in two 
stories. A further sum of 4,000/., including 1,000/. per Bi^op of London's Fund, has 
been raised through Dean Butler's energy from old Harrovians and otiiers interested 
in the Mission towards the cost of Church buildings. 

Curate-in-charge, the Bev. W. Law. 

The Mission district has been converted into a separate parish under Sir Bobert 
Peel's Act, and its official title in future will be the Parish of Holy lenity, Latimer 
Bead, Netting HilL 


I. Locality of the Misiion.^-Tottenham. It was founded in 1882. The population 
is 6,000. 

'3t«it>ctsUic5 anb 'public $cI)ooIs ^^issions. 73 

XL Btafll — ^Two Clergy, Mission woman, and Organist paid. There are forty 
Sunday School Teachers, sixteen Temperance workers, and twenty-four distributors of 

m. Serfiees, *e. — (1) In Church. Sundays: Ordinary Services. Morning 
Prayer daily. Occasional services are held in the dinner-hour for factory people, 
mnd on week-day evenings for Board School children. 

(2) Othsb Aokncies.— a branch of C.E.T.S. Band of Hope, Women's Help 
Society, with Sunday evening class. 

IT. Funds. — The School contributes annually 160^ to meet 120Z. from the Eccle- 
siastical Commissioners, 60/. from the Bishop of London's Fund, and SOI. from the 
Bishop of Bedford's Fund— in all 320/. for Clergy and 110/. for rent and Iklission 
woman. The remaining expenses are contributed through the offertory by the con- 

The work is carried on in hired and temporary buildings ; the church is being 
built at a cost of 7,000/. 

Corate-in-chaige, the Bev. E. F. Noel Smith. 


I. Origin. — The Wellington College Missionary Society was established on Dec. 
7, 1874, 'for the purpose of interesting Wellington College in Missionary work.' The 
Society was reconstituted in Noveml^r 1884, the management being entrusted to a 
Ooaocil consisting of ten representatives of the school and fifteen Old Wellingtonians, 
his Grace the Ardibishop of Canterbury consenting to be chairman, the &v. E. C. 
Wickbam, Head Master, deputy chairman. Each section has also an honoraiy 

n. Funds.— The school guarantees to supply 150/. per annum, and such money 
in excess as shall come from chapel offertories and school collections. The O.W.*s 
have promised rather more than 150/. annually, but the sum contributed during 
the pas t year considerably exceeded this amount. 

Ul. Olijecti. — Home and Foreign Missions. (1) To conduct a mission in a district 
in Walworth consisting of some 4,000 inhabitants, paying the Missionary' Clergyman, 
Rev. H. n. Lucas, 200/. stipend and 50/. for housing, and providing such things as shall 
be necessary for the successful conduct of the Mission. (2) The Society subscribes 
two guineas annually to the Oxford Diocesan Missionary Candidates Association ; 
(3) uid it has also hitherto contributed 30/. a year in aid of the Peshawur Mission to 
Afghanistan. This sum has been paid to the Bev. T. P. Hughes, Missionary of the 


I. Loeality of the Mission.— A new mission district has been established in 
Southwark, close to the Church of St. George the Martyr. Population about 5,000. 
From the Mission Fund a grant of 120/. a year is made for the salary of a curate at 
St. Michael's, Coventry. 

n. Funds. — The sum required for mission in Southwark and curate at Coventry 
is 1,000/. a year, which this school hopes to raise. 

llie Missioner is Bev. J. G. Curry, 25 Trinity Square, Borough, S.E. 


I. Locality of the Mission. — St. Saviour's, Poplar. It was transferred from 
St. John's, North Woolwich, in November 1883. The population of the whole parish 
is 10,000, and of the mission district about 3,500. 

U. Begular Stafll — Clergy 1, mission woman from East London Church Fund ; 
Sun da y sdiool teachers, 23. 

UL Serricet, fte. — Sundays at 7.30 p.m., Tuesdays and Thursdays 7 p.m. Sunday 
school, morning and afternoon in the St. Alban's Mission House, Giraud Street. 
Classes for children on Wednesdays and Fridays. 

Otheb Aoencieb. — Mothers' meetings on Tuesday afternoons, boys' club, Satur- 
days 7 to 9.30 P.M., free night school for youths one night a week, Boys' Lending 
Library and Clothing Clubs, Girls' Friendly Society. 

74 iKttTDcrsitics anb public gfcl^ools fissions. 

IV. FundB.— The School contributes 1002. a year through the A.C.S. 
The Mission-Clergyman is the Rev. E. Hartley. 


I. Locality of MiBsion. — Page Green, Tottenham. Founded by King's College 
School, London, on April 8, 1883. The district has a population of 5,500. 

n. Begular Staft — Two Clergy, a scripture resider, and paid organist. There are 
42 Sunday school teachers. 

III. Serrices, Ac. — Weekly Celebration and Morning and Evening Prayer on 
Sunday ; daily Morning or Evening Prayer in the Mission Room built by the Drapers' 
Company for the Mission in 1885. Children's morning Service and afternoon Sunday 
school in the Page Green Board School Hall, which is hired for the purpose. 

IV. Other Agencies. — Mothers* meeting, Dorcas (adult and juvenile), Middle 
class Sunday school, men's Bible class, night school, adult and juvenile branch of 
C.E.T.S., and a parochial library. 

V. Funds. — (Exclusive of 120Z. from Ecclesiastical Commissioners.) A church is 
much needed. 100/. a year from K.L.C.F. 


I. Locality of the Miition. — Newfoundland Gardens, BristoL The district has a 
X>opulation of 5,000. 

II. Regular Staff. — One Clergyman, assisted by the Curate of St. Barnabas, and 
by one of the Clerical Blasters of the College, lay reader, district visitors. 

III. Services, *c.<- Sundays : Morning Services, 11 ; Evening, 6.30. Holy Com- 
munion, 1st Sunday in the month at 12.30 ; 3rd in the month at 8.30 A.M. ; Wednes- 
day evening, service at 7.30. Baptisms and Churchings at 4 on second Sunday. 
Bible Classes, Cottage Lectures, Sunday Schools, Communicant Classes, Confirmation 

Other Aoengies. — Workmen's Club, Men's Mutual Improvement Association, 
Swimming and Cricket Clubs, Dramatic Society, Young Women's Mutual Improve- 
ment Society, Singing Class, Temperance Society, Band of Hope, Cottage Window 
Ciardening Society, Night Schools, Mothers' Meetings, Gymnasium for Lads. 

IV. Funds.— Endowment of 150i. About 250/. is contributed from the College 
offertories to the work of the Parish. 

V. Mission Clergy.— The Rev. T. W. Harvey, the Rev. T. Hands, and the Rev. 
Hcathcote Smith, Curate of St. Barnabas. 

The nave, transept, and chancel of the permanent church were consecrated on 
March 2. It will scat 700. The total cost of the church when completed will be 
9,000/. exclusive of the site ; 7,000/. have been raised. Funds are urgently needed 
to complete this church in the midst of a large artisan district. The cost of the 
site has been defrayed by the Bristol Church Extension Scheme, and 2,500/. have 
been contributed from the same source towards the erection of the building. The 
rest is being raised exclusively by private contributions. The cong^regation has raised 
514/. ISs. The masters and boys of the College have given the organ. The masters 
have also given the pulpit, lectern, gas standards, altar linen, and other special 
fittings. This is the £Lrst permanent church built in oonnection with a Public School 


I. Locality of the Mission. — Neighbourhood of King's Cross. The district is 
styled Holy Cross in St. Pancras, and was constituted by an Order in Council in 1876. 
The School began to assist in 1883. The School is connected with the district, 
owing to the fact that a large part of the land is on the Tonbridge School estate. 

II. Begular Staff. — Two Clergymen, a small band of laymen helping voluntarily, 
a mission woman, and lady visitors, two being partly paid. 

III. Services, Ac- The temporary church is in Dudley Street, Cromer Street. 
Sunday Services : Holy Communion, 8 ; Litany, 8.45 ; Mattins and Holy Communion 
(choral), 11 ; Catechising, 4 ; Evensong (choral), 7; Prayer Meeting, 8.16; Services 
for Boys and Girls in Parish and Club Rooms, 7. Saints' Days : Mattins and Holy 

"^nivct&Hws anb 'public ^c^ools fissions. 75 

Communion, 8 ; Evensong, 8. Week Days : Taesday, Mattins and Holy Communion, 
7.15; Wednesday, Evensong and Sermon, 8; Thursday, Mattins and Holy Commu- 
nion, 8; Bible Classes for Adults (in Churchy 8.15 p.m. Advent and Lent, Daily 
Prayer. Frequent Mission Services, &c. Sunday Schools in Board School Rooms : 
Christian Instruction two evenings weekly for children attending Board Schools. 

Other Aqencies.— Temperance Society, Bands of Hope for ^ys and girls, Quilds 
for boys and girls and for adult communicants. Savings Bank, I^ovident Club. A 
club for men. Branch of the Young Women's Help Society ; Branch of Toung Men's 
Friendly Society ; of Church of England Working Men's Society. Mothers* Meetings. 

In summer months of 1886, 121 poor children were boarded out in the countri*, 
each for three weeks at least. 

The Sunday School children spent a day at Tonbridgc. 

There is now every prospect of the permanent church being shortly commenced. 

IV. FundB. — The School provides 60Z. a year towards the stipend of an Assistant- 
Curate, the A.C.S. provides the rest. Other expenses are defrayed by voluntary 
contributions, weekly collections in church. 

The Rev. Albert Moore, incumbent, 1 Argylc Street, King's Cross, W.C. 


I. Loealitj of the Misiion.— In the parish of All Saints, Newton Heath, Man- 
chester. Cunite first appointed June 15, 1883. The population of the entire parish 
is 12,000, and of the mission district 4,000. 

U. Begnlar Staft— One Clergyman. 

m. Services, Ac. — Sundays : Full Mattins and Evensong. There is one service 
in the week, in addition to Mission Services occasionally begun in the streets. 
Licensed Mission Boom, Monthly Celebration of the Holy Communion. 

Otheb Aoencies.— Flourishing Day and Sunday Schools, Bible Class, Mill-girls' 
Class, Mothers* Meeting, District Visitors. Branch of the St. George's Association 
(Diocesan). Young Men's Social Club. Commnnicants' Association, Brass Band. 
Flourishing branch of the Church of England Temperance Society. 

IV. Funds. — The School guarantees lOOZ. a year for two years, and the Curates' 
Aid Society makes an annual grant of 50/. 

The Rev. J. E. Mercer, M.A., is the Mission- Clergyman. 


I. Locality of Mitiion. — In the parish of St. Michael and All Angels, Bromley, R. 
Founded in 1880. Population of parish about 17,000, that of mission district about 

n. Staff:— One Curate. 

in. Seryicei, fto. — Sundays : Evening Service in the Mission Room at 7 p.m., 
preceded by out-door service and procession of working-men with addresses at G..30, 
and occasionally followed by the same. The Mission Room is only looked upon as n 
step towards attendance at the services in the Parish Church. The Sacraments are 
not administered there, the only room available not being suitable for such purposes. 
It is hoped, however, that it will be shortly enlarged and improved. 

Other Agencies.— Sisters of the Church (Kilburn) work in the district. There 
are Ragged Sunday Schools for boys, girls, and infants, held partly at Mission House 
and partly in a Board School ; there are over 300 in attendance. The higher class of 
chil(£ren attend the parochial Sunday Schools. Men's Club open every night. " Slate 
Club,** iuj. Provident Sick Club, C.E.T.S. branch. Club for Boys recently opened. 
Mothers* Meeting for the district held at the Church Mission House. All the usual 

IV. FundB. — ^The School contributes about 60/. per annum, through the A.C.S.,by 
whom the amount is made up to 100^. The Vicar provides the remainder from other 
funds. The Mission- House has been purchased for the parish at a cost of 400/., of 
which 300/. was given from Lady Brabazon's Mission-House Fund. 

76 ^nivetsxiics anb public ^c^oois ^issiottd. 


I. Objoeti. — ^The primary object of the promoters of Oxford House (instituted in 
the year 1884) was to form a permanent connection with some Parish or Mission 
District in one of the poorer parts of London, in which they would be able to found 
a HoQse as a centre of religions and social work among the labouring and artisan 
classes of the district. 

The House is intended to be (a) the residence of University Graduates and other 
laymen willing to live tliereand to give cither their whole time or such portion of it 
as they can spare from their professional and business engagements, to work of this 
kind ; (b) a meeting-place for those who can come down and give assistance on one 
or more evenings in the week ; and (c) for Undcrgpraduates able to devote some portion 
of the vacation to seeing and helping the work. 

II. Scope of the Work. — The following is a list of ways in which the objects of 
Oxford House can be promoted by those wishing to help : — 

(1) By taking lodgings in the House in Bethnal Green. 

(2) By superintending or assisting in the working of Men's and Boys* Clubs. 

(3) By District Visiting and Sunday School work. 

(4) By organising or assisting at Concerts and Entertainments. 

(5) By giving Lectures or Addresses, or conducting Classes on religious or secular 

(6) By assisting in Mission Services. 

(7) By serving on Local Committees of School Management, Sanitary Aid, 
Charity Organisation, &c. 

(8) By conducting parties of working men over Museums, Picture Galleries, &c. 

(9) By contributions in money or clothing. 

III. The Tear 1885. — The Committee report considerable progress during the 
year 1885. 

(1) I'/te Oxford IltfVHt' Club celebrated its first anniversary in November 1885. 
There are 220 names on the books. The Club premises consist of two rooms on the 
ground floor of the Oxford House. Recreation, education, and mutual improvement 
are the objects of the Club. To attain these objects every kind of amusement is 
provided, lectures take place every Saturday night, and classes on one or more 
evenings of the week. In connection with the Club there are Debating Societies, a 
Musical Society, a Dramatic Society, Cricket and Football Clubs, Coal Club, and Boot 
and Shoe Club. There is a Quarterly Club Service and Sermon in St. Andrew's 
Church, and a Quarterly Evening Party for lady friends of members. 

(2) Univertity Club. — This Club is in a very poor district of St. Andrew's Parish, 
and the members are labourers as distinct from the artisans of whom the Oxford 
House Club is mainly composed. There are 70 names on the books. 

(3) Evelyn's Bnyti' Club. — This Club is supported by contributions from Mr. 
Worsley's school, Evelyns, Hillingdon. The members of the Oxford take part 
in the working of it. 

(4) Miuhn Work. — Hon. and Rev. 11. Adderley (now in charge of the Christ Church 
Mission at Poplar) was largely instrumental in startin^f a successful Mission at St. 
Andrew's Hall, Cambridge Road, and with the assistance of other Oxford Hoose men 
has conducted services in the open air and in the Hall, and otherwise established a 
useful centre of Mission work in a x>oor part of St. Andrew's Parish. 

(5) District Visiting.— Tha members of Oxford House visit principally in St. 
Andrew's Parish under the supervision of the Curate-in-cliarge, formerly Dr. Knight- 
Bruce, Bishop of Bloemfontein, now Hon. and Rev. Algernon Lawley. 

(6) Sunday School Work. — The members of Oxford House give much assistance 
in this way in the parish of St. Andrew. 

(7) Maintenance of Curate.~The stipend of one Curate for St. Andrew's Parish is 
paid by the Oxford House. 

(8) Non^parochial Work, — The Oxford House is gradually extending its work to 
other parts of East London. One member of the House serves on the Bethnal Green 
Charity Organisation Committee, another is the secretary of the local Branch of the 
Mansion House Committee on the Dwellings of the Poor, another of the Local Com- 
mittee of the Recreative Evening Classes Association, another serves on the local 
Committee of the Children's Oountry Holiday Fund. 

'^nvo€tsiiie6 anb 'public g^ci^ools fissions. 77 

R^^olar oiganiaed lectures are given by members of the Oxford House in Tarions 
working men's clubs throughout London. 

Courses of Sunday afternoon lectures have been and are being given on religious 
subjects with full opportunities of discussion. 

A series of papers on religions subjects written for working men is being issued 
by the Committee of the Oxford House, published by Messrs. Rivington. They have 
been the subject of much opposition in the leading secularist journals and lecture 

Various other works are in course of organisation by the Oxford House, such as an 
Industrial Exhibition of the Trades of East London, and a Co-operative Association. 

To quote the words of the Report for 1885, * it is needless to say that the amount 
of good to be done in these ways is only limited by the number of workers, not by 
the opportunities of usefulness.* 

The Oxford House is situated in St. Andrew's Street, Bethnal Green. 


Supports three boys in the Bishop of Bedford's Home for Waifs and Strays, Church 
of England Central Society, at 13/. per annum ; the 39/. comes from the Sunday 
evening offertories exclusively. 


A collection is annually made in this School for' the A.C.S., to be devoted to 
Mission Work in the south-eastern portion of the Diocese of St. Albans. Ten pounds 
was collected in 1885, and the same amount in 1883 and 1884. 


A playground and club-room in the parish of St. Peter, London Docks, is sup- 
ported by this School. The cost is about 30/. a year, and in addition to this a certain 
amount is laid by annually to meet any exceptional expenditure. A further sum of 
25/. per annum is given to the Diocese of Maritzburj^. Another sum has now been 
guaranteed by the School, viz. 15/. a year, to support a child from St. Peter's, London 
Docks, in the Church Society for Relief of Waifs and Strays. The alms and offerings, 
which amount to about 100/. a year after deducting the above amounts, are devotecl 
to the S.P.G., Hospitals, Home Missions, and Orphanages. 


This College supports an Induslrial School in the town, where homeless and 
friendless boys are taught some simple work, and a few are boarded. Collections are 
made, and five offertories are given for this purpose. The total annual sum is 
about 200/. 


L The Locality of the Mission.— Noel Park Estate, Wood Green. The population 
is at present 6,000, but is rapidly increasing. It was founded in 1884. 

II. Begular Staff. — Two Clergymen, lay reader, fifty lay helpers. 

III. Serricet, Ac. — In Church, Sundays : Holy Communion, 8 a.m. : on Ist and .".nl 
Sundays at 11.45 (choral); Mattins and Sermon at 11 ; Litany, Ist and 3rd Sundays, 
3.30; Evensong and Sermon 7. Children's service 3.30 1st Sunday in month. Holy 
days: Holy Communion, 7 and 11 a.m. ; Evensong and Sermon, 8 p.m. Wednesdays, 
Evensong and Sermon, 8 p.m. Fridays, Litany, 3 30 P.M. In Mission Room, Children's 
service, Sunday 11 A.M. 

Other Agencies. — Classes for Confirmation candidates twice a week. Classes 
for Communicants once a month. Sunday School Teachers' class twice a month. 
Temperance meeting, Tuesdays, fortnightly. Band of Hope, Thursdays, weekly. 
Provident dubs, Mothers' meetings. 

The Mission Church of St. Mark was opened on March 25, 1885 ; it holds 400, and 
when the large church is built will serve for church hall and Sunday school. 

78 '^nwet&iiUs anb "SNbKc ^c^ools fissions. 

IV. FundB. — About 1931. is the amount of annual subscriptions from Shropshire ; 
50/. from the East London Church Fund for Assistant-Curate ; 120/. from the fioclesi- 
astioal Commissioners. Last year the offertory was 81/. 17«. 5^^. 

Missioners, the Rev. B. B. Dowling, Rev. W. J. Sheflaeld. 


Haileybury was early among the public schools in resolving to have a special 
mission supported by members and friends of the School. India was naturally 
selected as the field, from the long and honourable connection between the East India 
College and that country. In 1873 a fund was started, and a * Haileybury Lecturer ' 
has eve'- since been working at St. John's College, Agra. The lecturer receives 120/. 
each year, and lectures to the upper classes in the school, besides giving occasional 
more public addresses. The bsdance of the 150/. annually contributed has been 
devoted to the library and towards the formation of a reserve fund. There are 
difficulties in the way of sustaining interest by sufficient details of work so distant, 
and this has prompted some to ask for some home mission to be associated with the 
name of Haileybury. But at present it is felt that the School is not rich enough to 
provide for more than one fund, and India has but two schools working for her, while 
England has many. If Old Haileyburians want work in London under the name of 
their old school, the Rev. E. Hoskyns, of Stepney, and others are ready and anxious 
for personal help. 


Object. — Home Mission work. The more thorough evangelisation of the masses 
through the agency of the Church of England. 

Plan. — To work, not independently, but by reinforcement of the existing 
machinery of the Church of England. By means of the Society the staff of the 
Church has been strengthened by the employment of hundreds of clergy who could 
not otherwise have found means of support, in those needy and populous parishes 
where their services are most urgently required. Suitably qualified lay agents are 
also supported by the Society. These are under the entire control of the Incumbents 
of the parishes wherein they labour. 

Funds. — The Beoeipts of the Society for the year ending March 31, 1886, were 
54,226/. Though slightly less than in 1885, this sum exceeds the average income of 
the past five years by 500/. These receipts do not, of course, include amounts raised 
and paid locally to supplement the Society's grants. 

The Expenditure for the same period was 53,246/. Being now relieved from costs 
connected with renewal of lease, the Committee were enabled to expend 1,800/. more 
in actual Home Mission work than in 1885, and 2,877/. more than in 1884. 

Their existing liabilities, if all grants were in operation, are 59,000/. : a figure 
which prudence forbids them to exceed without a corresponding growth of income. 

Operations. — The Sooiety's grants are thus apportioned : — 

Additional Curates 606 

Chaplain for Mariners 1 

Grants towards the incomes of Incumbents . 11 

Lay Agents 164 

Total 772 

Clergymen, 618 ; Lay Agents, 154 : Total 772. 

The number of parishes benefited ia 640, and the population reached is about 
5,000,000. The aim of the Society is not so much to multiply small grants as to give 
substantial aid. 

It will thus be seen that the operations of the Society have continued their 
progressive increase during the past year. 

But the applications for its help grow more frequent and more urgent. There are 
no means of making more new grants, although there are a hundred approved and 
pressing cases waiting for aid. 

S^urc^ ^asiotol Jtii S>ociets. 


.3||5ls|Slsi3psSy|iSla3.S.I5SSSS»| a 


■t.Mwj "aSS"::''-S"";;s''3°"3S-S^"'-SS=£5'°'"S'"fe 



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I ^il..!!? S ■ ' 

! ipi?J|f i ,■■■ ■ ^ 

' "Jiii'i liiilsijil'ifeiiilliilrilHiiL-^f 


^l^utcl^ '^astotai ^xb $ociefs. 

Parochial MImIohi. — Throagh its Missions Department the Society is now pre- 
pared to procure the services of suitable mission preachers. Many missions have been 
so arranged during the past year. 

Curates* Begistry. — This forms a subsidiary but useful part of the work of the office. 

Commanications should bo addressed to the Rev. James I. Cohen, 
M.A., or to Major-General E. Davidson^ at the Society's Offices, Temple 
Chambers, Falcon Court, Fleet Street, E.C. 



The general aim of this Society's work has been very fully described in previous 
publications of this book. Its one comprehensive endeavour is to give the Church 
un increased power of making? the Gospel of Jesus Christ known in the large centres 
of population in England. The claim which these great masses have upon the love 
and care of the Church must be apparent to all, and for many years past this 
Society has successfully laboured in the fulfilment of this great responsibility. 

Present Work. — The amount voted in grants for 1886-87 was 49,8452. to meet 
45,729/. raised locally, giving a total of 95,574/. to support 755 additional Clergy. 
The population thus benefited is nearly six millions. 

Principles of Working.— The grants are made with strict regard to the actual 
necessities oC each parish, population and income being carefully taken into account. 
The Curate, to whom a grant is made, is in every instance appointed by the Incombent 
and licensed by the Bishop. The grants arc made upon the distinct condition that 
additional services, sermons, and housc-to-houso visitations shall be undertaken. 

Income, 1885.— The Qeneral Fund Income of the Society last year amounted to a 
larger sum than in any former year, and this notwithstanding the continued depression 
in all branches of industry. The following comparative statement of receipts for 
three years shows the sources and progress of the Society*s income : 


Annual Subscriptions. 
Donations . . . . 
Parochial Associations 
Dividends . . . . 
Kegistry . . . . 
Income Tax returned 
Sundries . . . . 

Total— General Fund 
I Legacies . . . . 
Trust Funds 




Total . 
Locally paid 


£ «. d. 

1,839 9 

1,918 8 4 

89,080 4 1 

275 6 4 

149 5 8 

17 6 

2,012 7 
2,619 12 8 , 
42,180 10 4 I 
190 II 8 
157 9 10 
2-; 12 6 ' 

£ «. «r. 

2,086 12 6 

2,519 2 1 

44,848 11 9 

447 17 7 

247 5 

102 5 9 

48,229 7 10 47,188 3 11 I 49,761 14 8 
2,122 « 9 1,361 2 6 , 15,206 5 10 
1,208 113; 194 17 9 I 184 4 10 


n 10 
5 8 







81,491 11 


85,227 9 6 104,357 8 1 

Additional Needs. — What this Society might do were its funds increased may be 
inferred from a few selected instances of unaided cases: 

Population 8,000 







No Curate. 
No Curate. 
No Curate. 
One Curate. 
No Curate. 
One Curate. 

Population 7,500 

No Curate. 
No Curate. 
One Curate. 
No Curate. 
No Curate. 

Jlibiiional @uiai«s $acie(l!. 81 

nnucABTor list of ousts, tc. 


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174.«W ' 49,;KI 

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H,11BI1 « 

82 Jtd^ifional ^uraies ^cciei^, 

Ladiei' Home Xission Atiooiation. — This is a comparatively new but most im- 
portant development of the Society's work. Last year the general income was 
aujfmented by a sum of 6,766/. 9«. 9^., contributed through the branches of the 
Ladies' Association throughout the country. 

Diocesan Committees. — With a view to bring individual dioceses into practical 
co-operation with the Central Executive, Diocesan Committees have been formed, 
and assist locally in the general administration of the Society. The following 
dioceses have constituted Committees for this purpose, i.e, Durham, Chester, Lichfield, 
Llandaff , Rochester, St. Albans, Ripon, Salisbury, Truro, Sodor and Man. 

Local Committees for Oreat Towni.— Such Committees have already been formed 
in Brighton, Leeds, Manchester, Portsmouth, Oldham, Nottingham, and the Potteries. 
The results of this movement are such as to encourage the hope that a still lai^r 
measure of good will follow, and that the laity will become more personally 
acquainted with the spiritual destitution existing in large towns. 

The table on a previous page shows the extent of the Society's work and the 
distribution of its grants. 


Founded by the late Archbishop Tait in 1857, with the object of sending the Gospel 
to the multitudes of London whom the existing parochial machinery could not reach. 
It was the first of the agencies established by him to supply the great spiritual desti- 
tution prevailing in the metropolis. 

The Diocese of London, after successive reductions in area, is now contermlnons 
with the county of Middlesex, and contains upwards of 3,000,000 people. The popn- 
lation is increasing at the annual rate of 38,000, this increase taking place almost 
entirely in the suburban parishes. The Home Mission maintains that spiritual pro- 
vision should, if possible, keep abreast of this advancing tide of population, in order 
that thousands may not lapse into indifference as to religion, or become alienated 
from the Church of England. 

The Society's work is carried on in those parishes in which $uhdiinswn is desirable, 
not in those in which the additional population is dealt with by an increased staff of 
Assistant Curates working under the Incumbent's direction. The method of procedure 
adopted by the Diocesan Home Mission is to take the entire charge of new Districts, 
to initiate and develop work in them by the agency of carefully selected clergymen ap- 
pointed by the Bishop, and to continue such work until the districts get their permanent 
churches and become fully organised parishes. The missionary clei^ officiate in 
temporary buildings of all kinds, or in dwelling-houses, or are ready to preach, if need 
be, in the open air, thus meeting the spiritual destitution at once, without waiting for 
the erection of a permanent church. 

Basalt of Patt Work.— The total number of consecrated churches whose erection 
has been promoted by the work of the Home Mission is now 47. Tlie present aggre- 
gate population of the 47 parishes is upwards of 340,000, and has the supervi.sion 
and pastoral care of more than 80 clergymen. 

Work in 1888.— 33 Missionary clergymen were labouring in 30 districts (140,000 
people), each district having its own Temporary Church or Mission Building. 

The Missionary staff is at present larger than that labouring at any time since 

Finance. — The income in 1885 was 5,789^., including 1,196/. from the Bishop of 
London's Fund, and the expenditure was 7,70U. There was a deficiency therefore of 

Fully 3,000/. are required annually from voluntary sources to do the work at iti 
present level. 

Information respecting the Society can be obtained from the Bev. 
W. Walsh, Secretary and Superintendent, 121 Pall Mall, S.W. 

i$xcl0x Jl56ilionaI ^urates ^ociefg. 83 


This Society was formed many years ago to assist incmnbents of overgrown or 
scattered parishes in providing Curates. 

Its grants are confined to the Diocese of Exeter ; some preferring to give aid for 
their own Diocese specially. 

The sum voted in grants last year was 6252. for twenty-two parishes, containing 
an average population of 4,000. 

The general principles and working of the Society are explained by reference to the 
following extract from its Rules : ' That the committee make annual grants of money 
towards the maintenance of additional clergymen in those parishes and districts which 
are most in want of assistance, strict regard being had in all cases to the right of the 
incumbent, the authority of the Bishop, the spiritual wants of the parish or district, 
the amount of contribution paid to the treasurer in aid of the funds of the Asso- 
ciation from such parish or district, and to the sums raised therein for such addi- 
tional clergymen.' 

Commnnicatioiis should be made to the Rev. J. M. Hawker, The Bee* 
tory, Beirynarbor, Ilfracombe. 


This Society was established in 1857, in the Episcopate of Bishop Wilberfoice. 

Its object is to afford to the most necessitous parishes of the Diocese permanent 
or temporary pecuniary aid in the maintenance of a curate. All applications for 
assistance are considered by a sub-committee early in October each year. Its income 
is derived from subscriptions and donations, parochial collections, and dividends on 
funded capital. In the year 1885, additional clergy were provided in thirty-eight 
parishes by the help of grants from the Society amounting to 1,0102. 18«. 6d. 

All commnnications should be addressed to the Rev. W. E. C. Austin* 
Gonrlay, Stanton St. John Rectory, Oxford. 


This Fund was established in the year 1873 under the guidance of Bishop Selwyn, 
and the movement arose out of certain inquiries instituted in the year 1870 into the 
spiritual condition of the pottery and mining districts of North Staffordshire. The 
distinct object of the Fund is to assist by annual grants the employment of curates 
and lay helpers in the parishes of the archdeaconry. 

During the year 1885 grants were made in aid of the stipends of 20 assistant 

The income for 1885 was, from subscriptions and donations, 2681, 16s, ; from 
church offertories, 220/. 2s. dd. 

The Ven. Archdeacon Sir L. T. Stamer, Bart., Rector of Stoke-upon- 
Trent, acts as Hon. Secretary and Treasurer, to whom communications 
should be made. 


This Society was founded May 16, 1835. Its simple object is to carry 
the message of the Gospel from house to house in the densely populated 
districts of the great metropolis. Though this Society is not confined in 


34 ^^e c^on5on @iis 'fission. 

its operations to the Church of England, it yet renders most efficient 
service in the assistance it gives to the parochial clergy. 

The number of missionaries is now 465. In ordinary districts they visit once a 
month about 650 families, or 2,900 persons. 

Of the members of committee fifteen are laymen of the Church of England, and 
amongst the examiners of candidates twelve are clergy of the Established Church. 

Since the mission was formed, 83,036,491 visits and calls have been paid to the 
poor, of which 8,980,054 have been to the sick and dying. 5,757,510 meetings have 
been held for prayer and expounding the Scriptrtres, 104,810,657 tracts have been 
given away, and 452,441 Testaments and portions distributed. Special missionaries 
have been appointed to visit the police, bakers, night and day cabmen, drovers, 
omnibus and tramcar men, soldiers and sailors ; also to the French, Germans, Italians, 
Spaniards, Russians, Norwegians, Swedes, Danes, Dutch, Orientals, Jews, and Welsh ; 
to the hotel servants, theatre employes, fire brigade, gipsies, canal boatmen, Chelsea 
pensioners, hay carters, letter carriers, coachmen, grooms, gas men, telegraph boys, 
and railway men ; to the workhouses, hospitals, and fiillen females. Twenty-one 
special missionaries have also been appointed to visit public-houses and coffee-shops. 

The following summary will illustrate some of the practical results of this good 
work during the year 1885-86 r— 

Visits and calls paid, 3,253,737 ; of which to the sick and dying, 281,929 ; Bibles, 
Testaments, and portions distributed, 17,654; indoor meetings and Bible classes 
held, 43,719 ; additional indoor meetings in factories, workhouses, penitentiaries, Slc, 
26,808 ; outdoor services held, 8,789 ; readings of Scripture in visitation, 782,489 ; 
new communicants, 1,952 ; restored to Church communion, 390 ; drunkards reclaimed, 
2,240; fallen women admitted to asylums, restored to their homes, or otherwise 
rescued, 290; induced to attend public worship, 5,381; children sent to school?, 
5,528 ; adults visited who died, 8,008. 

The total receipts for the year ending March 31, 1886, were 60,908/. Bs, Ad. 

Communications to be addressed to the Secretary, Rev. T. S. Hutchin- 
son, M.A., 3 Bridewell Place, London, E.G. 



The following abstract from the 42nd Annual Report of the Association shows the 
object for which it was established, the means used, and the special circumstances of 
the period covered by the Report : — 

Instituted in 1844, its object was to assist the parochial system in the suburban 
dioceses of London, Rochester, St Albans, Canterbury, and Winchester. 

The objects of the Society are carried out by the employment of Scripture Readers 
approved by the Clergy under whom they work, but appointed by the Committee 
after most careful examination and inquiry, and they labour under the written sanc- 
tion of the Bishop of the Diocese, in the various parishes to which a grant is made 
by the Association. 

The special circumstances referred to in the Report are (1) the holding of a mis- 
s-ion in the metropolitan parishes of the Diocese of Rochester, first in the Bermondsey 
District, and subsequently in South London generally. In these special efforts, the 
services of the Readers were found as useful as were those of their brethren in the 
London Diocese during the previous East and West London Missions. (2) The proof 
of the value of the Readers from a social point of view, as shown by the help which 
they rendered in connection with the Mansion House Fund for the Relief of the 
Unemployed, and which is thus referred to in the Report: — 

Although the Readers are appointed for purely spiritual work, it must be evident 
that, incidentally, their labours have also a considerable social value. Especially has 
this been the case during the past winter (1885-6), when t^eir local knowledge has been 
found of great service in connection with the Mansion House Fund for the Relief of 
the Unemployed, and has been the means of preventing im]x>sition on the one hand, 

§cxipiuve '^eaters' Jlssociafton. 


and of securing relief to many deserving families on the other ; whilst their visits of 
enquiry have given them increased opportunities of speaking a word in season. 

Hie number of grants existing on 31st March, 1886, was as follows : — In the 
Archdiocese of Canterbury, 3 ; Diocese of London, 73 ; Diocese of Rochester, 48 ; 
Diocese of St. Albans, 6 ; total, 130. 

The total income for the year from all sources was 10,063^., being less by a con- 
siderable amount than the two previous years. 

GommnnicatioDS should be made to the Be7. Marcus Bainsford, 
or to Mr. T. Martin Tilby, Lay Secretary, 56 Haymarket, London, S.W. 


Oloneeiter k 
Bristol . . 




Established more than twenty-five years ago to assist the In- 
cxmibents of populous parishes in Bristol by the employment of 
Scripture Readers. The Society has, during its existence, very 
largely helped forward the Home Mission work of the Church. 
It has an income exceeding 1,200/. per annum. 

All communications shonld be addressed to Be7. J. 
Hooker, Vicar of St. Peter's, Clifton. 


Established in the year 1852 for the purpose of employing 
Scripture Readers, under the superintendence of the clergy, to 
work in the City of Liverpool and its neighbourhood. The fol- 
lowing extracts from the Report recently issued will be of 
general interest: Total Visits, 123,998; Sick Visits, 13,236; 
Bible Readings, 69,696; Men visited, 53,576; Meetings held, 
6,085; Attendance, 248,500; Hours spent in work, 61,779; 
Evening Hours, 18,116. 

The above figures not only compare favourably with those of last 
year, showing a marked increase under every head, but they 
imply a very great deal of hard and earnest work. The above 
statistics represent the labours of forty-six Readers. 

The income of the Society for 1885 was 4,171/. 12*. 3d. 

All commnnications shonld be addressed to the Hon. 
Secretaries, Rev. G. H. Spooner, The Rectory, Woolton, 
near Liverpool ; Rev. F. B. Tyrer, 166 Queen's Road, 


This Society, working with the sanction of the Bishop, gives assist- 
ance to some of the Incumbents of Norwich by grants made to 
them for the employment of Scripture Readers. 

The Society employs, with the aid of special parochial contribu- 
tions in each case, Scripture Readers in seven different parishes 
in the city and hamlets of Norwich, containing in the aggregate 
25,000 souls. Its agents, of whom there are seven, are placed 
under the superintendence of the Clergy of the parishes in which 
they are appointed to labour, and present quarterly reports to 
a regularly constituted committee. The receipts of the Society 
for the year 1885 amounted to 153^. ISs. 9d. 

All commnnications shonld be addressed to R.q>'^. 

R. D. Pierpoint, Thorpe Hamlet Vicarage, 'Sotn'iVcV* 


^cxiptute Readers' Jtssociaiion. 

PiocBSAN Societies— cantijiued. 


Blpon . . • 


Worcester • 


Established thirty-three years ago to assist the work of the 
Church, by the employment of men and women as Scripture 
Readers. During the year 1885 the sum of 220/. Os. Id. was 
contributed for the work of this Society. 

Communications should be made to Hev. F. H. 
Wood, St. Paul's Vicarage, Northampton. 


This Society has been in existence for twenty-seven years, and its 
object is to provide, on the application of the incumbent of a 
parish, readers whose time shall be wholly or partly engaged in 
going from house to house to read the Scriptures to the poor. 
By the rules of the Society each reader acts solely under the 
direction of the clergyman of the parish in which he is placed, 
and his work is confined to the duty of reading the Scriptures 
and generally encouraging attendance upon public worship, 
urging upon parents their obligation to bring their children to 
Holy Baptism, and to encourage their attendance at the week- 
day and Sunday School. All the Scripture Readers employed by 
the Society must be communicants of the Church of England. 

During the past year the Society has been employing 25 agents, 
viz. : 7 Scripture Readers in the Diocese of York ; 18 Readers 
in the Diocese of Ripon- The Society expended last year 
1,464^. 16i. 5d. in carrying on its work. 

All communications should be addressed to the Bev. 
J. W. Hatton, M.A., Calverley Vicarage, Leeds. 


Established in the year 1873. The object of thiff Association is to 
collect funds to assist the clergy in maintaining Scripture 
Readers in the various parishes of the town, who are chosen by 
the clergy and are entirely under their supervision. The work 
of the Association is carried on by a committee of laymen. At 
the present time assistance is in this way given to five of the 
poorest parishes in the town. 

Communications should be addressed to Mr. W. F. 
Fox, Secretary, Sherwood Rise, Nottingham. 


Established in the year 1854, it carries on its work under the 
direct sanction of the Bishop. The Committee employs 6 Scrip- 
ture Readers to assist 7 incumbents in the county of Warwick, 
ministering to a population of 65,578. 

The amount raised last year for this purpose was 400Z. 

All communications should be addressed to the Bey. 
F. G. Matthews, Mancetter Vicarage, Atherstone. 


§cvipiuxe "gleaners' Jlsdociaiion. 


Diocesan Socistieb — continued. 


York . . 

Name of Boctety 


Established in the year 1856 to assist the diffusion of Scriptural 
knowledge throughout the town of Sheffield, by the employment 
of Scripture Beaders. During the year 1885 twenty Headers were 
so employed. 

The income of the Society for the year ending September 1886 
amounted to 1,4052. 16«. 5d. 

There is also a Scripture Readers' Benevolent Fund connected 
with the Society, and the income up to the same period was 
29/. lii. 9d. 

The Hon. Secretary, Rev. F. W. Gk)odwin, has been recently 
appointed to the Bishopric of Bathurst in Australia. A new 
appointment of Hon. Secretary has not yet been made. 


This Church Ifissionhaa assisted 98 Clergymen in parishes where navvies have been 
employed, by supplying missionaries, who have held Sunday and week-day services, 
Bible elates, Temperance meetings, and Sunday and night schools. During the past 
jesa about 100 men and women have been confirmed, and 1,000 attendances made at 
the Holy Communion. The Society gathers and publishes information as to the 
condition and needs of the navvies, and furnishes a channel through which money 
l^riven for promoting their welfare may be promptly and efficiently administered. 
Thirty missionaries are employed by this society. 

The following statements will give some idea of the work in which the Society is 
engaged at the present time in the various Dioceses : — 

Cantsrburj (Elham Valley Railway). — The services at the mission-room erected 
by the contractor are well attended. A special feature in the work here is the visit- 
ing of the night gangs and giving them addresses on the works late at night. 
The contractor (Mr. Walker) sets a noble example to the other contractors by pay- 
ing all the missionary's salary. 

Chester (Birkenhead). — In connection with the Mersey Tunnel Extension and 
the Wirral Railway, a mission is being conducted. There are two mission-rooms. 
A good Temperance work is being, done here. A special mission was held here by 
the Secretary of the Parent Society (Rev. C. Ockford) and others in September. 

Carlisle (Thirlmere Water Scheme). — The clergy here take great interest in the 
navvies, and the services in the mission-rooms are conducted interchangeably by the 
cleigy and the navvy missionary. 

Oloueester and Bristol (Bristol Waterworks). — Tliese works are situated in three 
parishes — Dundry, Barrow Gumey, and Long Ashton. A mission-room has been 
erected by the contractor, and there is every prospect of a successful work being done. 
The missionary here is assisted by a lady, who kindly devotes her whole time to 
navvy mission work. 

Liverpool (Southport Railway). — A mis.sion is being carried on in connection 
with this railway, and services are held in a parochial school-room, lent for the pur- 
pose. The men seem to appreciate the services, &c., held for their benefit by the 

Ifanehester (Todmorden Waterworks). — These works are regularly visited by our 
missionary, and two of our people have been confirmed. 

Xanehester (Heywood Waterworks). — An old disused mill serves the purpose of 
a mission-room here. As the navvies are scattered over a considerable area, cottage 
lectures are held at different centres. 

Burnley Waterworks. — At Worsthome a mission-room has been erected, and a 
missioiiary placed in charge. A second mission-room has been erected close to the 

88 ^at)t)|f fission. 

huts. The mlssionaiy is doing a good work here. Twelve people have been con- 

Padiham Reservoir. — ^These works at Salden are visited by the missionary, and the 
moral and spiritoal well-being of the navvies is cared for. 

Pendleton and Hindley Line. — Two missionaries are employed here, and services, 
Bible classes, ^c, are held in the various parochial schoolrooms along the rente of the 
new line. The Vicars of the various parishes help in every possible way. 

Korwieh (Holt and Cromer Railway). — A mission is being carried on here, and 
services are held at Holt, Weyboume, Sherringham, &c. Special services, which were 
well attended, were conducted in July last. 

Peterborough (Weedon and Daventry Railway). — A mission has been commenced 
in Weedon and Daventry for the benefit of the navvies, and an ex-nawy is the 
missionary. Navvies are often attracted by men of their own class when more 
highly educated men fail to draw them into a mission* room. 

Eipon (Ilkley and Skipton Railway).— At Ilkley, R. Cope, Esq., is kindly acting as 
honorary lay reader. Eight of our people have been confirmed. 

At Addingham there is a second mission-room and missionary, with the ordinary 
list of services. Seven candidates were confirmed at this station. 

Skipton. — At this end of the line a room has also been opened for entertain- 
ments, services, &c., and a missionary is working under the direction of the local 

Hury Reservoir, for Stockton-on-Tees and Middlesborough. — The contractors have 
erected a mission-room, in which, in addition to the services, night schools, and Bible 
classes held by the missionary, is a day school for the navvy children. 

At Bingley a mission-room has been erected, where the Clergy conduct services. 

Winteibume.- -The contractor has erected a mission-room here, which also serres 
the purpose of a reading-room, where the labourers pass away spare moments on wet 
days. There are more Irish than English navvies employed. 

Dewsbury Waterworks. — These works are at Dunford Bridge, near Penistone. 
The Dewsbury people take great interest in their workmen, and last winter, during 
the severe weather, they sent quantities of food, &c., to the starving navvies. The 
mission-room is well used. 

Boehester (Oxted and Groombridge Railway). — Two missionaries are employed 
in connection with this line, and three mission-rooms have been erected for services. 
The attendance at the meetings is good. 

St. Albans (Brentwood and Wickford Railway). — Our mission-room, which for- 
mally stood at Grays, where such good work was done among the Tilbury navvies, is 
now erected at Billericay, and is made good use of by the men. 

Maldon. — Forty miles of new railway having been commenced in Essex — from 
Wickford to Southend and Maldon — the clergy have decided to employ two or three 
of our missionaries, one of whom will be stationed at or near Maldon, and work 
under the direction of the Rural Dean and Vicar of Maldon, and a second will pro- 
bably be located at Hockley. 

Rickmansworth.-'-Here also a mission-room has been opened, and a missionary 
is about to be employed. 

St. Asaph (Oswestry). — The Vicar of Oswestry takes great interest in the navvies 
employed in constructing the waterworks at Oswestry, and has commenced services 
for them in his mission-room. Our itinerating missionary is now at work there. 
These waterworks are for the Liverpool Corporation, and a grant is expects from 
them towards the expenses of the mission. 

St. David*B (Cardiff Waterworks at Cwmtaf).— These works are situated in the 
liilly parish of Cantreff. A mission-room has been erected by the contractor, and, as 
there are many Irishmen employed, the same room is used for Roman Catholic and 
Church of England services. The reading-room is well attended. 

Milford Haven. — A mission room has been placed at our disposal by the contractor 
here, and he also pays the greater part of the missionary's salary. The mission is 
too young to prophesy results yet. 

Winchester (Christchurch). — The services, &c„ are fceld, by Wnd pennisiioD 

^avvyi "^JTissiott. 89 

of the C.E.W.M. Society, in their room, and are very snocessfol, the congrega- 
tions being very large. A sick clab has been carried on here for the benefit of the 
navvies, and over 300Z. has been paid into it by them daring six months. On Easter 
Sunday a special celebration of the Holy Commnnion took place in the Minster, 
when about a dozen navvies and their wives coromunicated. 

Sway. — At this place, which is the other end of the Bournemouth Direct Railway, 
the mission-room, on account of the enormous congregations, has had to be consider- 
ably enlarged. The mission here is most successful. A three-days' mission was held 
in January, and was attended with good results. 

Southampton. — A new dock is being made here, and a missionary is at work 
among the navvies in the parish of St. James. 

Netley and Fareham Railway.— The navvies are scattered over a considerable 
area, but the missionary does his best to reach them all, not only holding services in 
the mission -room, but addressing them at different centres along the line in the meal 

Weybridge, Walton, and Esher. — The L. and S.W. Railway is being widened 
between these places, and, as a considerable number of navvies have been employed, 
the clergy decided to have a missionary among them. Services have been conducted 
and Temperance meetings held in the Nationsd School and Village Hall. 

All commnnications sbonld be addressed to the Bev. C. F. Ockford, 
29 Lonis Street, Leeds. 


This 8o<uety was established about eight years ago, with the intention of bringing 
the ministrations of the Church to a very large number of persons employed in 
canal and river traffic, whose spiritual interests have hitherto been little cared for. 
The work is chiefly evangelistic, and is carried on at different mission stations, placed 
at different points on the important canals which traverse the Diocese. Three Lay 
Missioticrs have during the last year been actively working at Wolverhampton, Stoke, 
and Tipton. The work of the Society has led to the erection of several permanent 
Mission-rooms, which have become the centres of systematic services. The work at 
Wolverhampton has been full of encouragement, and much good has also been done 
in Stoke and iMpton. The larger part of the Missioners' time is occupied in visiting 
from boat to boat, so that the Gospel is literally carried to the people. The result 
o^his Mission work has been a large accession to the Church of persons coming 
forward for Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Communion. Considerable ,help has 
also been given by the encouragement of wholesome recreation. 

All commanications sbonld be addressed to the Hon. Secretary, Rev. 
H. P. Stokes, St. Jameses Vicarage, Wolverhampton. 


This Society was founded in Maidstone in 1877, for the purpose of providing 
spiritual ministrations for immigrant liop-pickers. The Report of last year indicates 
that much useful work has been accomplished. Thirty missionaries have been 
employed, by whom spiritual help was given to .34,107 immigrants, of whom G7 
were baptized. The services are generally held on Sunday morning, afternoon, 
atid evening ; and in the week, as opportunities occur, tents are occasionally 
used for this purpose ; the attendance on Sunday varies from 20 to 200, and there 
are good congregations in the week ; the Society has further endeavoured to extend 
its work by appointing missionaries to labour among vegetable and fruit pickers. 

Commnnications sbonld be made to Bev. J. Y. Stratton, Ditton Place, 

90 fission ^ovk among t^e ^eaf anb ^umh. 



Thb object of this Mission is: — To provide religions instruction for the deaf 
and dumb, both those who have bad no previous education, and those who, having 
left the various Institutions, remain without any spiritual ministrations. To visit 
them at their homes for instruction and intercourse, especiallj the sick and ignorant. 
To prepare them for Ck>nfirmation and Holy Communion. To help them to resist all 
evil and intemperate habits. To hold Services and Classes in the finger and sign 
language. To assist them in obtaining suitable employment. 

There are 312 cases now known in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight : five were 
confirmed this year. The Lay Missionary has recently been ordained, and is now 
actively engaged in the work of this Mission. 

The necessities of the case call for a great deal of close personal supervision. 
There are altogether 45 communicants ; and in the case of those living in Southampton 
and Portsmouth the Missionary goes regularly with them to Celebrations of the Holy 
Communion. A service is also systematically held at Aldershot. This work is one 
of special interest, and lays considerable claim to the care of the Church. 

Communications should be addressed to the Hon. Secretary, Bev. G. 
M. Owen, St. George's Vicarage, Edgbaston, Birmingham; or to the 
Missionary, Rev. R. A. Pearce, Homelands, Westwood Park, Sonthampion. 


This Society, which has now been working for eleven yeara, has gone on steadily 
increasing in numbers and spreading at home and abroad. 

In England and Wales there arc now 1,001,000 members, 24,000 associates, and 
850 brandies. 

It is satisfactory to find that the value of the Society is becoming more known 
among the employers of young women, and that the proportion of members in busi- 
ness has increased as well as of those in factories, so that the idea that the Society 
was only intended for servants is gradually dying out. 

The Recreation Rooms, which now number 164 in London and the Provinces, 
are valued by these members, and they are specially intended for their use, the 
objection to inviting servants to such rooms, or to evening classes, being fully 

It is much hoped to make the G.F.S. of use in the way of bringing to the notice of 
girls the amount of good and cheap literature which is now to be obtained, guiding 
them in their selection of what to read, and in every way trying to stem the flood of 
mischievous reading wliich is one of the g^reat dangers of the day. 

There are sister Societies in Scotland, Ireland, America, and the Colonies ; and in 
the Diocese of LaJiore, India. 

Objects of the Society : — 

(1) To band together in one Society ladies as Associates, and girls and young 
women as Members, for mutual help, sympathy, and prayer. 

(2) To encourage purity of life, dutifulness to parents, faithfulness to employers, 
and thrift. 

(3) To provide the privileges of the Society for its members wherever they may 
be by giving them an introduction from one Branch to another. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary, O.F.S. 
Central Office, 3 Victoria Mansions, Victoria Street, Westminster, S.W. 


This Society has been established for seven years, and has for its object the befriend- 
ing of working girls and young married women, by banding them together to try 
and lead a pure and upright life, providing them with instruction, both religious and 

l^outtg ^omen's ^clp ^ocicfg. 91 

secular, and obtaining innocent recreation for those who woald otherwise seek it in 
places of temptation. Membership is attained through different progressive stages, 
each of which has its appropriate Rule of Life. 

In Iiondon and large manufacturing and g^arrison towns, where incumbents of 
crowded districts find the organisation of the Society specially adapted to their needs 
as a preventive influence, clubs, lodgings, and temperance refreshment bars held by 
ladies, and libraries, penny banks, &c., are open for the sole use of members ; but 
in rural districts, where the work is chiefly among married women and domestic 
servants, the ordinary parish machinery is used. Travelling members from the 
Central Ck>mmittee visit the country branches from time to time. 

Lady workers must be Communicants, and be appointed by the parochial Clergy, 
under whose direction the central rules require that each branch should work. 
For the benefit of those working in manufacturing districts in London, homes (in 
which they reside at their own expense) have been opened in East London at 26 
London Street, BatclifiP, and 92 Goldsmith Row, Haggerstone (Visitor, the Bishop of 
Bedford) ; and at 38 Tabard Street, Borough,, in the new Charterhouse Mission 
(Visitor, the Bishop of Rochester). 

The expenditure of the branches has exceeded 2,000^. during the past year. 

The operations of the Society are extended all over England, and among women 
employed in almost every kind of feminine labour. There are 72 branches in all. 

Commonications should be addressed to Miss Alice Dimock, 29 Queen 
Square, W.C. 


This Association was started in 1860 to benefit a class below that reached by ordinary 
district visiting. For this purpose it was proposed to employ in a missionary character 
poor women belonging to and living as members of the class among whom they were 
to work ; and to assist the poor, n4ft hy gifts^ but by enabling them to purchase for 
themselves, out of deposits collected weekly by the mission women, articles which 
would tend directly or indirectly to improve their condition, and at the same time to 
raise their tone and habits. One of the main principles laid down— and this has 
never been departed from — was that no mission woman should be employed except 
on the application of the incumbent of the parish or district in wliich she is to 

The mode of work is house-to-house visiting, and a special feature of the work is 
collecting the pence of the poor, which, saved from less praiseworthy objects, are 
gained for clothing and necessaries of life. As a collector the mission woman enters 
into houses where she would not otherwise be admitted. A Mothera' Meeting is held 
every week, when depositors can purchase goods at cost price in return for their 
deposits (upon which no bonus is given), and where the lady who presides carries on 
to a higher point, by reading and personal intercourse, the good work already begun 
by the mission woman. Numerous instances could be given where the mission woman 
has been the stepping-stone to the Church. 

The Association now employs nearly 200 of these women ; they are working in 
twenty Dioceses, but the larger number are attached to the Dioceses of London and 

In 1885 the sums saved by the poor in the small instalments collected by i\\v 
mission women amounted to no less a sum than 15,138/. 18«. 4^^/., and during the 
twenty-six vears they have been at work the sum-total of the savings thus collocte«l 
is262.440Z.16*. 7\d. 

The Annual Service was held as usual at St. Paul's Cathedral on Thursday, Juno 
10 last. 

All oommnnications should be addressed to the Secretary, 11 Backing- 
ham Street, Strand, W.C. 

92 l^oung Rett's ^riettdlp ^ociefe. 


The Young Men's Friendly Society is an attempt to solve in some measure that 
which is really, perhaps, the g^ravest practical problem now pressing upon the Clergy 
and Church-workers — how to win and how to retain the ladis and yonng men of the 
nation. Founded in 1879, the Society has now upwards of 400 branches and affiliated 
societies in England, Scotland, Ireland, the Colonies, and the United States of 
America; and ov^er 18,000 associates and members, an increase of more than 4,000 
on the previous year, All the English Bishops, and many of the most distingnl^ed 
Clergy and Laity, are among its patrons and active supporters. Its object is to help 
young men, both spiritually and temporally, by 

(«) Promoting purity, temperance, and general morality. 

(b) Befriending young men leaving home or moving from one place to another, 
and protecting them from evil influences. 

(r) Promoting thrift and independence, especially by encouraging yoong men to 
make provision against sickness, accident, and want, on sound principles. 

{d) Promoting a healthy tone of literature and amusement among yonng men. 

{e) Promoting co-operation amongst institutions existing for kindred objects. 

The Society consists of associates and members. Associates are ladies or gen* 
tlemen, communicants of the Church of England. Members are young men of 
good character, of the age of 13 and upwards. 

The work of the Society is done chiefly through its branches and affiliated 
societies, which the Council desire to increase. They aim at having either a branch 
an affiliated society, or associates in every parish, in order, more especially, that Uie 
system of the commendation of members leaving home to an associate in the place 
of their future residence may be more efficiently carried out. 

Farther information will be supplied by the Secretary at the Central 
Offices, Northumberland Chambers, Northumberland Avenue, London, 


(With which is incorporated the late IRISH 80CIET7 OF LOHBOH.) 

This Society lias been in existence for thirty-seven years. Its object is to promote 
the glory of God in the salvation of our Boman Catholic fellow-snbjecU in Ire- 

Its operations are carried on in connection with the Church of Ireland, under the 
superintendence of twen(y-one Missionary Clergymen, who are licensed by the Aroh- 
bishop and Bishops of their respective Dioceses. 

The Society, under one directorate, combines a considerable number of distinctive 
agencies, in each of which the Irish or English language is used according to the 
necessities of the case. 

It is a Parochial Mission Society, special missions being undertaken by its agents, 
whenever requested by the local Clergy, in various parts of Ireland. 

It is a Bible and Colportage Society, a lai^ staff of lay agents being engaged in 
the sale and circulation of copies of the Holy Scriptures. 

It is a Scripture Beaders' Society, and 63 well-trained agents are daUy engaged 
in this work, visiting from house to house. Irish-speaking readers are employed in 
district-s where any of the people understand the Gaelic. 

It is a Pastoral Aid Society, the ministry of the Irish Church being carried on by 
clerical missionaries in remote places where there are very few Protestants. 

It is a Church Day and Sunday School Society, maintaining 32 Sunday schooli 
and 66 day schools, attended by about 5,000 scholars of all ages, who are daily in- 
structed in the Scriptures by 85 trained schoolmasters and mistresses, together with 
a considerable staff of voluntary workers. 

It is a Training Institution with two training schools, in which male and female 
agents are specially prepared for mission work. 

^^e §en)s glocieip. 93, 

It is a Beligious Tract Society, and publishes a new tract every week, which has 
an average drcolation of 8,000 copies. 

Commnnicatioiis should be addressed to the Bev. Horace W. Townsend, 
Bf.A^ 11 Buddngham Street, Adelphi, W.G. 



CoBititntioii.— This is distinctively a Choroh of England Society, and has the two- 
fold object of Evangelisation of the Jews at home and in foreign lands. Its patrons 
are the Archbishops and mcst of the Bishops. 

Agents and Statioxu.^The Society employed daring the year 140 agents, consist- 
ing of ordained missionaries, lay and medical missionaries, schoolmasters and mis- 
tresses. Scripture Readers, and colporteurs. Of this large number 83 are Christian 
Israelites. The number of stations was 35, viz. 6 in England, 20 upon the continent 
of Europe, 6 in Asia (of which 4 are in the Holy Land), and 4 in Africa. The 
Society also made gprants for a missionary curate and 2 lay helpers to 3 Clergymen 
in London, whose parishes contain a large Jewish population. 

Seluwli. — The Society's Mission Schools in London, Jerusalem, Constantinople, 
Damascus, Bucharest, Mogador, Tunis, kc, continued to educate several himdreds of 
Jewidi children, while at the Hebrew Missionary Training Institution in London 4 
students were receiving instruction to fit them for future missionary labour. 

BaptUms. — Many Jews were admitted into the Church by Holy Baptism by the 
Society's missionaries in London, Berlin, Hamburg, Jerusalem, Konigsberg, Breslau, 
Constantinople, Paris, Rtrasburg, KischinefiP, and elsewhere ; while, as always happens, 
numerous Christian Israelites, instructed by the Society's agents, were baptized by 
parochial clergymen at home and abroad, 10 Falasha Jews of Abyssinia were 
baptised. It is estimated by an independent authority that every year 1,200 to 
1,500 Jews leave the synagogue for the Church of Christ ; a great result, owing in 
a large measure to the Society's far and wide propagation of tlie Gospel amongst 

lOsdonary Journeys and Circulation of Holy Scriptures, ite. — During the year 
hundreds of towns in Europe, Asia, and Africa, with a vast aggregate Jewish popula- 
tion, were visited by the Society's missionaries. The Holy Scriptures in various lan- 
guages and relig^us publications were widely disseminated. At Bucharest alone 
780 New Testaments (whole or in part) were sold to Jews. There is a very wide- 
spread desire on the part of Jews to become acquainted with the principles of 
Christianity. Altogether, more than three quarters of a million of the Sacred 
Scriptures, 20,000 copies of the Church of England Prayer-book in Hebrew, and 
upwards of four and a quarter millions of missionary books and tracts have been 
circulated amongst the Jews since the Society was established. 

The Holy Land. — Since the new station has been opened at Safet in Galilee, an 
ordained missionary has been working with much encouragement. From 60 to 90 
Jews attend Mission Boom three times a week to listen to the Gospel. At Jerusalem 
4 adult Jews were baptized. Upwards of 100 Jews were under Christian instruction. 
The Schools, Home of Industry, and Inquirers' Home, were filled with inmates, 
while the Hospital gave medical relief to 664 indoor and 7,862 outdoor patients. 
A Scripture Reader is stationed at Jaffa, and missionary visits paid to Hebron, Artouf, 
Tiberias, Haifa, &c. 

Ineome.— The income for 1885-86 was 39,997/. is. 5d, 

South Bnstia. — The 'Keform Movement' continues to attract much attention. 
Numbers of Jews have professed faith in Christ. Their leader, Joseph Rabinovitz, is 
in close communication with the Society's missionary at Eischineff, who has baptized 
seyeral of the former's adherents. 

All commnnications should be made to the Rev. W. Fleming, LL.B., 
16 Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C. 

94 '^arocl^ial 'fission to t^e ^$tt)s. 


This Fund continues with quiet, steady success to prosecute its Iiomc mission work 
among tiic Jews. Its method of working is to give assistance to the Church in the 
large centres of population where the Jews find their habitation, by providing a 
curate who is specially capable of a^lapting himself to this particular work. With 
this end in view the Committee applies its funds, in grants either towards special 
training, or towards the stipends of curates approved and licensed by the Bishop. 
The annual meeting of the Society was held in «fane last under the presidency of the 
Bishop of Lichfield. The secretary stated that the income amounted to 6502. 10«. Id., 
and that grants had been made amounting to 7402. 1 St. 6d, 

At the annual meeting the Bishop of Lichfield evinced in his remarks a deep 
interest in the work, and the Rev. Dr. Edersheim delivered a powerful address 
on the subject of Jewish missions. A very satisfactory account was also given both 
of the success of the Mission and of the interest taken in it by Churchmen. The 
Report for 1885 contains a summary of the work done by the Fund since its founda- 
tion in 1876. 

GoinmaDications should be addressed to the Rev. Canon B. Sntton, 
Pevensej Vicarage, Hastings ; or the Be v. John George Deed, Arundel 
House, Victoria Embankment, W.C. Information on the work of the 
Fund may also be obtained from the Bev. George Margoliouth, Organising 


The Church of England Burial, Funeral, and Mourning Reform Association aims at 
promoting a fuller appreciation of the idea of Christian burial, encouraging burial in 
perishable coffins in the simple earth, and simplifyine and cheapening funeral and 
mourning ceremonial. Its basis is 'The Order for the Burial of the Dead * in the 
Prayer Book. 

Communications may be addressed to the Honorary Secretary, Bey. 
F. Lawrence, Westow vicarage, York. 



With all the adyantages which the parochial system, diligently worked, 
offers for guiding the spiritual life of the habitual church-goers, it has 
yet been proyed by experience, that not only is it needful from time to 
time to make use of exceptional means for quickening the graces of the 
Spirit in the hearts and liyes of those who haye embraced the Christian 
faith, but that, without some specially arousing influences, it seems almost 
hopeless to gather within the fold of the Church those who are now Hying 
utterly godless liyes. 

It is eyident that there has been of late years a yery marked re- 
yiyal of religious life and actiyity throughout the Church, both in towns 
and yiUages, and this is no doubt largely owing to the holding of Paro- 
chial Missions. 

^atocf)ial fissions* 95 

In previous Tolnmes of this book the object and growth of this 
movement have been carefully dealt with, and the records which are now 
given show that there is in every quarter an increased desire to bring to 
the masses of the {>eople in their common life of duty, temptation, and 
suffering, the teaching and comfort of the Gospel of Christ. 

It will be seen that in the towns of Derby, Nottingham, and Bolton, 
as well as in other places of smaller size, great efforts have been made in 
this direction, and the success which has followed is full of encourage- 
ment for the present and hope for the future. 

As a Parochial Mission is now fully recognised as a subsidiary agency 
to systematic pastoral work, it is only natural to find that in several in- 
stances Diocesan organisations have been formed to give encouragement 
and direction to this special work. 

The short statements which follow will enable the reader to form 
some idea of the extent and practical usefulness of these efforts. 

We have farther endeavoured to supply a list of Parochial Missions 
since Advent last ; considerable trouble has been taken to make it com- 
plete, though no doubt, from one cause or another, omissions will be 

A list of Mission Preachers is also furnished for the assistance of those 
who may contemplate a Parochial Mission and be anxious to select 
suitable Missioners. In the compilation of this list regard has been had 
to the experience and fitness of those whose names are inserted. 


This Society commenced its work as the Aitkcn Memorial Mission Fund. It was 
rather under the pressure of an urgent nee<l, than as a tribute to the memory of an 
individual that the Society was formed. After the General London Mission of 1873, 
so wide an interest in religious matters was awakened, as to afford the clergy a special 
opportunity of making the Church more than ever the centre of the spiritual vitality 
of the parish. A fund was therefore raised to enable clergymen, who possessed the 
necessary gifts, to devote themselves exclusively to the conduct of missions, and to 
provide additional curates for the parishes of others, who were able from time to 
time to assist in such work. 

In carrying out the general objects of this Society, the Committee has determined 
to embrace a wider range of work than hitherto attempted. It will seek in future to 
find clergy capable and willing to conduct Retreats and Quiet Days both for the 
clergy and laity, to arrange for special addresses to men, dealing with the subjects of 
social purity, temperance, and scepticism, and further to give such assistance, as it 
may be able, in the holding of tent services and itinerant missions. During the last 
year the Society undertook a special mission in Sierra Leooe and Lagos, which proved 
successful in many ways. 

Its missioners took part in parochial missions at Bolton, Tunbridgc, Tetsworth, 
and Bamsley, and at Cambridge for members of the university. 

Summary of missions held in England and Wales by preachers on the staff of the 
Society : — 

During the year 1885-6, 230; total, 1,459. 
Missions held in Ireland, 4 ; total, 78. 
In Scotland, total, 3. 

All commnnications should be addressed to the Secretary, the Rev. 
S. W. Darwin Fox, M.A., 21 John Street, Adelphi, W.C. 

96 ^l^urcl^ ^ome j^issions. 


This Society was established in 1858 for the purpose of carrying on Evangelistic 
work in towns and villages, by the voluntary service of Clergy who undertake to 
devote a week to visit a certain fixed area of parishes, taking a service in the church 
or schoolroom night by night. During last year 120 parishes were so visited. 

Gommanicaiions with regard to this work should be addressed to Bey. 
John Gritton, Sidcup, Kent. 


The Church Army is a working-man's Church Mission to working-men. It is the 
restoration of a minor order in the Church, an order which, as it gladly submits itself 
both to the Bishop and the parish priest, is an order indeed, and not a disorder. Tiic 
Church Army provides incumbents with trained and qualified Evangelists for short or 
prolonged mission work, adapting it^j labours to suit the special needs of each parish. 
The Training Home is a large building situate in the Edgware Road, London. In 
country places several parishes unite to engage the services of an officer for a period. 
In many parishes the work becomes a permanent work among adults, just as the 
Sunday School is among the children. The Evangelist rarely stays more than six 
raontl^, being then exchanged for another : they are usually licensed by the Bishop. 
The Evangelist is under a bond of 500/. to move out of any parish at any time and 
never to return to it in any mission capacity. 

The officer seeks to collect as much of his stipend from the working people as 
possible. In some cases they collect all, and in some scarcely anything ; all differ. 
The salary ranges from 19*. to 32j». per week. Every effort is made to develop the 
speaking power of the laity, and assist the Vicar in attaching the converts to the 
Holy Table and the Bible. 

No political or Church party spirit is allowed to be manifested. The Sacraments 
are recognised in the preaching ; sinless perfection is not taught. They preach (a) the 
real conversion of those living without God, (b) holiness of heart and life, and (c) the 
enfolding the converts into the Church. 

The following facts will give some idea of the character and extent of this work : — 

20,000 out-door meetings annually ; 20,000 indoOr meetings annually; 3,000,000 
attending them annually; 3,000 adult converts confirmed; 1,000 waiting to be con- 
firmed ; 6,000 regular communicant members, all humble speakers in the cause 
of Christ, many of whom were formerly drunkards, wife-beaters, gamblers, blas- 
phemers, &o. ; subscriptions and donations received centrally in the year, over 3,000/.: 
locally received mostly in working people's pence in the year, over 6,000/. ; 99 officer- 
evangelists wholly engaged in addition to the staff; 150,000 visits >vith Bible or 
Prayer annually ; 7,500 Church attendances with members ; many parishes are wait- 
ing for officers ; many candidates in training ; many more suitable candidates are 

The above are most carefully estimated. 

The fund for training the officers is quite exhausted. 

The Rev. W. Carlile, Honorary Secretary, Headquarters, 128 and 130 
Edgware Road, London, W., will furnish every information. 

"^arocl^ial "^iXisstons glocicltcs. 




Kaiuc of MLssioQ 


Bath 4 Weill 

80CIETT OF MISSIOir CLEBaT^Founded 1883. 

Objeot. — ^To enable parish priests in the diocese of Canterbury, and 
especially in rural districts, to procure missions to be held in their 

Constitation. — The Visitor of the Society is the Archbishop, to 
whom all necessary appeals are made. The members of the 
Society elect their own Warden and Secretary, and are pledged 
to hold at lca»st one mission in the diocese each year, if invited 
by the Incumbent of any parish therein, and requested by the 
Warden to do so. They are also ready, under similar condi- 
tions, to deliver addresses during a mission, in Lent, or at such 
other special times as the Warden may approve. 

Quarterly Meetings are held for conference on devotional subjects 
and matters connected with the preaching, and organisation of 
parochial missions. 

A roll of experienced missioners is kept. 

Communications should be addressed to the Rev. Walter 
Scotty Vicarage, Bongbton Monchelsea, Maidstone. 


The object of this Association is the promotion of Parochial 
Missions and other preaching of an evangelistic character in 
the diocese of Bath and Wells. 

By its constitution the Council of the Association consists of the 
bishop, a president, the dean, five elected members, and the 
honorary secretary. 

Members of the Cathedral Chapter, greater and lesser, and rural 
deans of the diocese are admitted as members of the Associa- 
tion on application to the secretary. All other members are 
proposed by three members and elected by ballot. 

Laymen, being communicant members of the Church of England, 
are admitted as associates, under the same conditions as ordinary 
members, and shall take such part in mission work as hereafter 
may be determined. 

The Rules of the Association arc as follows : — 

1. All members shall hold themselves ready to give help, if re- 
quired, once a year at least, either 

(a) by taking charge of a mission, or 

(b) by preaching one or more special sermons of a mission 
character, or 

(c) by supplying the place of some other member who is 
thus engaged. 

2. The members promise to remember the work of the Association 
in prayer. 

3. On application for a missioner the Council shall select three 
names, to be forw^arded by the secretary to the applicant, with 
whom the final choice shall rest. 

All commuBications should be made to the Rev. Edsrar 
C. S. Gibson, Wells, Somerset. 


^arocl^ial ^i^^sions Societies. 




Kanie of Missis n 

Is tliis Diocese the BijJhop has appointed the Rev. George Body, 
Canon Missioner, and it is under his direction that Parochial 
^fissions in the Diocese are as a rule carried on. The work 
has been steadily progressing during the past year. In addi- 
tion to Parochial Missions, onlinarily so called, services have 
been held from time to time for lay workers (men and women), 
with a view to deepening their spiritual life and to kindle the 
spirit of devotion. 

Ely. . 

Gloueeiter ft 


Tins Society held its first annual Chapter, at the request of the 
Bishop, in the Theological College, at FJly. The object of the 
Society is to associate the clergy of the diocese together for the 
purpose of helping forward Home Mission work, especially re- 
cognising the duty not only of awakening and deepeniug spiritual 
life, but also of building up the Church. A number of qualified 
clergy have already joined the Society, and will be ready 
under its direction to hold Parochial Missions in the diocese 
and to give coiurses of lectures and sermons. The Society also 
aims at arranging periodical devotional services for the clergy 
at different centres in the diocese. 

All communications slioald be addressed to the Yen. 
Archdeacon Chapman, The College, Ely. 


A SooiBTY has recently been formed for the furtherance of the 
following objects throughout the Diocese : — 

1 . Special Parochial Missions. 

2. Less formal visits to parishes for the development of ordinary 
Parochial Organisation. 

3. Forming Communicants* Guilds or Unions. 

4. Setting men of all classes in the way of missionary work among 

5. Organising the Diocesan Lay Readers with a view to mutual 

0. Organising women's work. 

7. Arranging for * Quiet Days,' when desired, for clergy and for 
laity (men and women). 

8. Forming a Guild or Union for Intercessory Prayer on bchrJf of 
the various efforts to extend the kingdom of Christ in the 

9. Inviting the services of an Assistant Volunteer Staff for the 
above-mentioned branches of work. 

The Uev. J. P. A. Bowers has been appointed Diocesan Missioner, 
and will act in this capacity under special licence from the 
Bishop, to whom all communications with regard to work should 
be addressed. 

Several Communicants' Guilds have been started by the Missioner 
in various parLshes. Special services for working-men in 
several places, these services being continued by the Incumbent 

'^atocl^fial 'fissions Societies. 


Diocesan Organisations— rowf/n?/fr/. 


Gloucester ft 



Name of Mission 

as a i^ermanent part of parochial organieiation, with a Bible 
for men growing out of the general monthly men's service fur 
the more earnest. Out of these Bible classes we hope to get 
men who will conduct Cottage meetings, &c. Several small 
parishes were visited from Saturday till Monday, when a regu- 
lar mission would be an unwise step. 
Missions Proper. — New Swindon (five missioners went), Kem- 
erton, Marshfield, Whiteshill, Great Ressington, Pucklechurch, 
Oldbury-on-Sevem, Dursley, Highworth, Tewkesbury ; a month's 
Mission amongst qnarrymen at Corsham. Besides these a Dio- 
cesan Missioner has taken Quiet Days for Cleigy and Laity, and 
has arranged for several members of the Volunteer Staff to do 
the same. There are regular Quiet Days for the Clergy in 14 out 
of the 20 Deaneries in the Diocese. 

In addition to this the Diocesan Missioner has preached 
many Lent and Advent courses ; spoken at Social Purity meet- 
ings, Guilds, Mothers' meetings, Theological College students ; 
and has addressed a large number of the Ruri-Decanal Con- 
ferences in the Diocese on the work of the Diocesan Mission. 

All commnnications should be addressed to Bey. T. 
Keble (Hon. Secretary), Bislej Vicarage, Stroud. 


During the past year several Parochial Missions have been held 
in the Diocese. Revisits have been made to the parishes in 
which Parochial Missions were held during the previous year. 

The Lay Missioner has been occupied for a lengthened period 
of several weeks in new centres of work. The development of 
the work of former Missions has been maintained and revisited 
by the Diocesan Lay Evangelist. 

Quiet Days have been held for Clergy in various parts of the 
Diocese ; and, duiing the season of Lent, courses of Lent lectures 
were given. 

All commnnications should be made to the Bishop's 
Secretary, The Palace, Lichfield. 


This Society exists to enable parish priests of the Diocese to 
secure the holding of Parochial Missions in their parishes, 
especially in country villajres. 

The Clergy enrolled as Missioners have given valuable assist- 
ance during the past year in awakening spiritual life through- 
out the Diocese by the several methods which the Society 
adopts. In addition to the Parochial Missions which have 
been held, much useful work has been done by the interchange 
of pulpits during Advent and Lent. 

Communications should be addressed to Canon Crow- 
foot, Bishop's Hostel, Lincoln. 

. ^ « iV^ V 

100 ^avdc})ial ^i^^ion^ ^ocieites. 

Diocesan OnQX^mLTio^s—cantinu^d, 


Horvich . . 

Peter bo rongb 


"Same of Mission 


In conformity with the resolution passed at tha Diocesan Con- 
ference 1883, a Society of Mission Preachers has been consti- 
tuted. In addition to the holding of Parochial Missions, it 
aims at assisting the devotional life of the Clergy by holding 
Quiet Days ; its inclusive objects are thus stated: *To facilitate 
the holding of Parochial Missions, and for the furtherance of 
special evangelistic and devotional efforts in the Diocese.' 

In fulfilment of its object, the Council has, with the consent of the 
Bishop, secured the services of 18 Clergy of the Diocese as 
Mission Preachers. It has also enrolled others, both clergy arid 
laity, as members. The Society was instrumental in organising 
and conducting several Missions during the last year, and also 
in arranging Quiet Days for the Clergy. One or two Lenten 
and Advent courses of addresses have been given, and there is 
ground for encouragement that the Society will grow in useful- 

All commanications should be addressed to the Rev. 
F. B. Do Chair, Morley Rectory, Wymondham ; or io 
the Warden, the Ven. Archdeacoa Nevill, The Close, 


This Society labours to promote and facilitate the holding of 
Parochial Missions and other special services, particularly in 
country parishes, with a view to the conversion of the ungodly, 
and the revival and deepening of spiritual life in the Diocese. 
In union with the Society there are seventeen members and 
thirty-one associates. 

During the year 188G it has held Missions at All Saints*, Lough- 
borough ; Holy Trinity, Loughborough ; Emmanuel, Lough- 
borough ; Syston, Seal ford, Ibstock, llugglescote, and Coalville, all 
in the Diocese of P«>tcrborough. It has also held Missions out 
of the Diocese at S^ Peter's, Walworth (Wellington College 
Mission), South London ; Christ Church, Mirfield ; and Robert 
Town, Normanton. That branch of the Society's work which 
provides for the preaching of courses of sermons in Lent and 
Advent has been fully maintained. 

The expenses of the Society are mainly discharged by the parishes 
which invite its assistance. The offertories at the half-yearly 
Chapters pay for the necessary printing. 

Communications should be made to the Warden, Rev. 
Canon T wells, Rector of Waltham ; or to the Honorary 
Secretary, the Rev. D. W. Barrett, Vicar of Nassington. 


TiiE general object of this Society is the evangelisation of the 
people, and the revival and deepening of spiritual life among 
both the clergy and laity of the Diocese, (i.) by giving assist- 
ance in the holding of Parochial Missions and other evangelistic 
servicer, and (ii.) by arranging ' Quiet Days,' * Retreats,' and 

^arocl^ial fissions §ocicfic!5. 


Diocesan Obgakisations -cfl^t^inv^-rf. 


seasons of devotion and instruction both for clergy and laity. 
It has on its roll 20 qualified missioners, 26 assistant missioners, 
and 63 ordinary associates, of whom 9 arc laymen. Four Paro- 
chial Missions have been held in the Diocese since October, 
1885. There have also been held several 'Retreats,* 'Quiet 
Days,* and other devotional gatherings, particularl}* 3 * Betreats ' 
in Dorset for clergy of the Diocese, conducted by the Bishop, 
and a devotional gathering for lay helpers in the Diocese, sum- 
moned by the Bishop and held in the Cathedral. The Society *8 
annual day of devotion and conference was held at Salisbur}-, 
under the presidency of the Bishop, on July 20 last. There was 
an attendance of about 60 associates. At the annual meeting of 
the Society on October 26 last certain simple rules of holy 
living were agreed upon, for the general consideration and 
guidance of the associates, both clerical and lay. In conse- 
quence of a resolution of the Diocesan Synod in May last, the 
Bishop has instituted a small Society of Clergy, resident in 
Salisbury (with whom he hopes ere long to associate some lay 
workers), under the name of the * Diocesan Missioners of St. 
Andrew,' for the purpose of undertaking any special ministerial 
work to which the Bishop might wish to send them, and, 
eventually, in co-operation with the Diocesan Special Mission 
Society, to conduct and assist in conducting Parochial Missioss 
in the Diocese. 

All commnnioations should be addressed to Rev. 
Canon Codd, The Vicarage, Beaminster, Dorset. 


This Society has been recently formed with a view to provide 
temporary and occasional duty in cases of the sickness or death 
of an Incumbent, or of his enforced absence from home. 

The need of such a provision is very generally felt, as the work of 
the Church has oftentimes been seriously injured by the minis- 
tration of unworthy or unsuitable persons occupying the posi- 
tion of locum tenrns during a vacancy. 

It will be hccn that the Society has still wider objects in view, 
from tlie following resolution which was unanimously passed at 
the Diocesan Synod in May last : — 

* Tliat, liaving regard to various spiritual wants in the Diocese, it 
is desirable that the Bishop should be supported by a small 
body of unbeneficed Clergy resident in Salisbury, who should 
be ready to undertake any special ministerial or mission work 
to which the Bishop might wish to send them.' 

In acting upon this resolution, the Bishop has already secured the 
services of two Priests, who reside with him in the Palace, and 
it is hoped shortly to increase this number. 

It is intended to supplement the permanent staff by a number of 
Associates, who shall hold themselves in readiness to take such 
duty, either with or without remuneration, whenever their 
engagements permit. 

Gommanications respecting this work should be made 
to C. W.Holgate, Esq., The Palace, Sah'sbury. 



^axoc^xai 'gttissions gJocicfics- 

Diocesan Orgavis atiovs— eoatinued. 



Name of Mission 

In this Diocese the Mission work is under the care of a Canon 
Missioner. The present holder of the stall is Rev. F. E. Carter, 
who is as yet working alone. The Bishop has brought the sub- 
ject of special Missions before the Ruri-Decanal Conferences 
during the past year, in the hope of determining further the 
work of Missions in the Diocese. During the past year Mis- 
sions have been held at Egloshayle and Porthleven. The Canon 
Missioner's time has been largely employed in conducting spe- 
cial services, generally lasting four or five days — some of an 
Evangelistic cliaracter, others of the nature of an < Instruction ' 
Mission — at various places in the Diocese. Such services are 
found very useful in cases where as yet a more formal and pro- 
longed Mission is felt to be undesirable. The Missioner has been 
also especially engaged during part of the past year in giving 
addresses to men on the subject of Social Purity, and in orga- 
nising Purity work. Quiet Days have been held at Launceston 
and St. Erth, and a Retreat for the Associates of the Community 
of the Epiphany at Truro. 

All communications should be addressed to Bey. F. F. 
Carter, Truro. 


This list is an announcement of the Missions held during the past 
year, and has been compiled for the most part through communication with 
the Incumbents of the parishes in which the Missions have been held. 



Bath, St. Mark's . 

Xnmo of Missioner 



Bath and Wells 

Rev. W. Haslam . 

Oct. 23- 


Nov. 4 


Rev. J. Morris 

Oct 23- 
Nov. 1 




Rev. D. M.Claxton 
Rev. W. G. Rose- 

Nov. 6-16 


Kilve .... 

Rev. J. Stephens . 

Mar. 18-30 


Rimpton .... 

Rev. F. W. Dodd . 

May 1-5 



Rev. J. Stephens . 

Mar. 31- 
Apr. 3 


West Coker 

Rev. J. Morris 

Oct. 9-19 


Yeovil .... 

Rev. J. Morris 

Apr. 3-9 




Rev. J. Simpson . 


♦♦ i 

Lydd .... 

Rev. J. Cullin 


*> 1 

Paddock Wood 

Rev. J. Simpson . 



Kittingbournc, IFoly Trinity 

Rev. S. A. Selwyn 

Jan. 23- 
Feb. 1 

' tf 

Southborough . , 

Rev. H. A. HaU . 

Feb. 27- 
Mar. 9 


Sidcup, Christ Church . 

Rev. Lewis Price . 

Feb. 27- 



Mar. 8 

^isf of ^Hissions. 

List oF' Miiwiov? 








TunbridKc, l-arisli Clinreh 

St. Savumr . 
SI. Btepbcn's . 

Tnobridpi Wdlfl, FariBb 

„ Chriat Cliurpli 
„ St. Jnmeii 

St, Mnrt 
Kt. I'cter 

Rev. J. H. Uaslum 

Hot. W. Hnytoii . 
Rev. B. A. Selwyil 
Rev. A. Z. Hout . 
Kcv. H. F. W. 

Rev. V: CouTtcnay 
Kcv. J. CuHm . 

and Rev, W. B. 

Rev. T. A. Nash . 

Feb. 27- 
Jlor. 9 




Rev. J. CuUin 



DoTcr,Cl.risl(:hun'li . 

Rev. P. Williams . 

Oct. 24- 
Nov. I 



Rev.V.S. S.ColM 

Mar. 27- 


Bcv. R. Liiiklaler 

Feb. 37- 
Mar. B 


Oarll^i . 


Rev. J. Morris . 

Jan. 0-18 

Bnraghton in Famef.- 

Rev. W.H.Aitkcu 
and Rev, Jan. 

8cpt. 19- 

Lindale in Furncas . . 

Rev. .1. Jlorria . 


UcotorMoor , 

Ryv. I,. Price nnd 
Rev. W. K, 


Windemieie , 

Re». Canon Fnrae 
Kev, A. IfBcartliin 
Rev. H. Loiisdalc 

Feb. 7-IS 

CbMter . 


Rev. J. Simpson . 

Mar. 27- 


Birkenhead, St. Paul 

RcT, J, Mortis . 

Kov. 22- 
Dee. :. 



ilcivc, Emiuaiiucl . 

Rev. F. W, Dodd . 

Oct- -'.1- 


F,astbQurnc, Holy Triiiit.v 

Rev. H. A. llHll . 




Rev. ,T, H. VoUer. 




Rev, H. Huglies . 

Rev. W. llaslauL . 


Hlonington . 

ilc». U. n. Monro 
and liev. W. M. 



Darham . 

Cnteshciiil, ai. KUmuuJ . 

Rev. W. llnyloit . 

Jan. -IW- 
Feb. 3 


„ SI. Paul 

R,^v, S. Phillip!. . 
Rev. H.J.Bntilctl 

Jan. 'ja- 
Ffb. 3 


St. James 

}{Ev. A. Gray 

Jan. y:i- 


Yen Hi^li' 



South Shi.l.i', U»ly 





Sew Scaham . 

Rev, A. R. D'Arty 

Slay 8-18 


c^isf of 'gttissiotts. 

List of Missions — continued. 



Nome of Uissioner 



Durham, eont. 

Auckland, St. Andrew 


„ St. Pet^ . 

Rev. C. J. Atherton 
Rev. C. Green 
Rev. A.W.Robin- 
Rev. Canon Body 

Nov. 27- 
Dec. 8 





Rev. J. G. Watte . 

Feb. 13- 

June 6-22 


Cambridge, Gt. St. Mary's 

Rev.W. HayAitken 


Little Stnkeley 

Rev. J. Stephens . 



Szeter . 

Exeter, Bedford Chapel . 

Rev. W. HayAitken June 6-22 


Tiverton .... 

Rev. C. J. Atherton Dec.9-14 


Tavistock Parish Church . 

Rev. C. J. Atherton Sept.18-28 


PlymptoD, St. Maurice . 

Rev.Nath.Keymer , Oct. 23- 



Rev. A. J.Robinson Nov. 3 

Rev. J. Hargrove . 

Feb. 27- 
Mar. 9 


Olonoester and 

Selsley .... 

Rev. J. Simpson . 




New Swindon, St. Mark's . 

Rev. W. Boys 
Aev. J. Bowers . 

Feb. 20- 


», St. John*s 

Rev. N. Ogilvy . ; 

Rev. D. Evans . „ 


„ St. Augus- 

tine's .... 

Rev. W. Carter . ; „ ' 


Pucklechurch . 

Rev. W. J. Boys . '. Nov. d-16 


Rev. F. Carbonell 


Rev. H. Proctor . 

Apr. 8-13 


Great Rissington 

Rev. J.P A. Bowers 

Sept. 26- 


Jan. 23- 


Hereford . 

Ross .... 

Rev. R, D. Munro 


Hereford, All Saints' 

Rev. Mowbray 

Feb. 4 

" Trotter 

Jan. 23- 


Rev. J. G. Hoare . 

Feb. 2 

Rev. J. B. Pelham 

„ St. James's 




„ St. Peter's 

Rev. G. Everard . 
Rev. H. H. Dibden 



„ St. John Baptist 

Rev. F.M.Williams 



„ St. Martin's 

Rev. W. H. Red. 




„ St. Nicholas . 

Rev. J. Morris 



Lincoln . 

Claypolo .... 

Rev. F. W. Dodd . 

Sept. 2G- 
Oct. 5 


West Deepinf^ . 

Rev. W. H. Jack- 

Feb. 22- 

If ; 

* son* 

Mar. 2 

Boston, St. James . 

Rev.W. HayAitken 







Lichfield . 

Blakenall, Christ Church . 

Rev. T. W. Peile . 



Wellington, St. George's . 

Rev. J. Morris 

Feb. 20- 
Mar. 3 


Longnor . • • . 

Rev. Geo. Howell 

Oct. 9-18 


Moreton-Say . 

Rev. T. E. Holt , 



Walsall Parish Church . 


Nov. 20- 


Dec. 2 


Rev. W.M.Carter 


Liverpool, St. Chad's 

Rev. J. Morris 

Dec. 6-22 


^isi of fissions. 


List op MissioNa 

— eontinwd. 



Name of Missioner 





Tredegar .... 

Rev. S. W. D. Fox 




Rev. J. CuUin 

Apr. 3-13 


Llandaff, Canton Gabalfa, 

Rev. S. D. Fox and 

Sept. 6-10 


Pentyrch Tiantwitfair- 

Canon Pigou 

dre .... 


Caerleon, Llanhenog Tre- 

Rev. S. D. Fox, 

Sept. 10- 


vethin, Pcnhow, Llan- 

Canon Pigou, 




frechfa Upper 

• and' Rev. G. D. 

1 1 Llantrissant, St. Bride's 

Rev. S. Hooke and 

Sept. 5-16 


1 Minor .... 

Rev. R. D. Monro 

1 ' Bettws • . , . 


Rev. T. Hayton . 

Sept. 17- 


Sept. 5-10 


\ stradyf odwg Llwyupia . 

Rev. R. W. Wynter 



and Rev. G. D. 
Rev. G. L. Kempc 

Gellycaer, Llanfabon 

Sept. 6-16 


Pontlottyn . 

and Rev. C. E. 


Rhymney, Nantyglo, 

Rev. 'J. Cnllin, 

Sept. 6-16 


Ebbw Vale, Abertillery, 

Rev. J. E. Brown, 


and Rev. Canon 

London . . Clcrkenwell, St. Philip*s . 

Rev. C. Grant 

Dec. 6-9 


Finchley, Holy Trinity . 

Rev. I. Simpson . 

Dec. 30- 
Jan. 3. 


' ' Hampstead, Christ Church 

Rev. C. J.Atherton 

Oct. 16-26 


„ St. John's . 

Rev. F. W. Dodd . 

Apr. 18-25 



Rev F. W. Dodd . 

Apr. 4-13. 



Rev. C. J. Atherton 

Dec. 15-16 



Kensington, St. Barnabas 

Rev. C. J. Atherton 

Apr. 19-24 


Paddington, St. Paul's 

Rev. J. Cullin 

Feb. 13-17 


Bryanston Sq., St. Mary's 

Rev. F. Pegg 

Jan. 31- 


Feb. 6 


Kanchester Bolton (General Missions) 

1 Parish Church . 

Preb. A. S. Wilde 

Feb. 6-16 



and Rev. H.Morris 



' St. Matthew's . 

Rev. C. J. Atherton 



Daisy Hill . 

Rev. G. Howell . 



St. Bartholomew's 

Rev. J, Harrison . 



I The Saviour's 

Rev. C. B. Wilcox 

All Souls' . 

Rev. R, D. Norman 



Holy Trinity . 

Rev. Canon R.Bul- 




lock and Rev. W. 

R. Sparks 

Emmanuel . 

Rev. C. F. Ward . 



St. James . 

Rev. G. J. Watts . 



St. Mark . 

Rev. W. St. H. 



St. George the ^lartyr 

Rev. K. L. Jones . 



St. Thomas . 

Rev. W. J. Bum . 



Rev. E. Fenton . 



St. Luke . 

Rev. J. Simpson . 




Rev. C. Grant 



Bradshawe . 

Rev. Chan. Leeke 



\ « 


Jiist of IHissiotts. 

List gp !Mibsio\8— coNtiiiiW. 






Brigbtmut . 
KearslojMoor . . 

Lcvot Biiiipo 
LilUe Lover 

Peel , . . . 

Tonge Moor 

St. Augustine-a . 

West HdQglilon, S'. liar- 

Rov. A. Smyth . 
Ilev. K. QrigBon 
Itov. G. O. Holt 
Bev. H. Kswcctt 

Itvv. Ubqou W, T. 

Uov. a. A. Smith 
Kev. F. L. Farmer 
Ucv, 8. A. Smith 
Hcv. K. L. Fanner 
Bev. T. F. Bill),' 
Rev. R. Addeoloy 

Feb. O-IO 


Bamsbo1t>jui . 

Hev, T. J. Bladden 

Mar. la- 


BellUiElinm . 

Bev. B. D. Itloaro 

Mar. ••7- 
Apl. 7. 

Eamlon .... 

Bev. J. Becby . 

Sept. 4-15 


WoodbriafTc . 

Rev. D. Uonru 

Apr 17-38 

Norwich, St. Hidiiiols 

Bev. W. U. Aitkcn 
Bnd Bev. Jos. 

Oc-1. 17-29 


St. C'lcmcnlV . 

Itev. T. \V. Uwlil . 


Ht, Martinet- 

Bev. S. L. Dixon .^.-. 

Oak ... . 

Lon-eBtotl Pariah Cliurch 


Dec. 17-18 


St. roler-» 

Uev.W. K.Cleworth 

Jan. 33- 

Feb. 3 


CbrUt Cburcl. 

Rev. B. H. Uara- 

Itev. A. J. tjptnocr 



Downliam Market , 


Nut. fi-lG 


Loddoti .... 

Hcv. A.E. D'Arcy 

Old BackeDham 

Rev. J. Simpson . 

Mbv 23- 
Jan. Hl- 


PaVefioW. . . 

Bev. S. C. Morgan 


Feb. B 

.Sfantord .... 

Rev. H. D. Monro 


CloptoD . , , , 

Rev. H. 1). H'.nro 

Apr. 17-28 


Bev, J. Fowler . 

Fob. 27- 
Mar. !l 

Oiford . 

Great Hiisek-j . 

Rev. R, 1). Monro 

Feb. 13-24 

Oi/ord, St, I'ficr lo llayli^ 

Rev. 11. A. Hall . 

Oct. 2-12 

„ Holy Trinity . 

Bev. J. G. Dixon . 

St, Clumenl'B 

Rev. H. D. Monro 



Keafling. St. Uury'e Epi", 

Rev. J. Simiucu . 

JUrch 13- 



Wingnive . . , 

Rev. J. Monia . 

ilnr. 23- 

Apr. 4 

May 22- 


Bicester .... 

Rev. S. L. Kemp . 

RcT. S. L. Elliott 


Headin^n . . . 

Bev. G. B. Uadovr 



<^isf of "gHissiotts. 


List of Missionb 




Namo of MiBsioner 



Oxford, eont. 





and Rev. G. Dunlop 

South Hinksey 

Rev. S. Phillips 
Rev. H. P. Currie . 
Rev. U. Coxa 

Oct. 2-12 


Radley .... 

Rev. M.C.Bicker- 

Feb. 6-17 


Peterborough . 


Syston .... 

Rev. L. H. Lloyd . 

Nov. 12- 



Loughborough, All Saints' 

Rev. W. H. Disney 

Feb. 25- 


Rev. A. J. Spencer Mar. 8 

Rev. R. Cobbold . 

„ Emmanuel . 

Rev. F.F.Thornton 



Rev. W. H. Ady . 


Rev. M. Reed „ 
Rev. C. A. Hulbert 


Leicester, St. Mark's 

Rev. W. H. Ady, 

Nov. 13- 


Rev. 8. J. W. 



Sanders, and 


Rev. J. T. Hayes 


Rev.J. VV.Wynter 

Feb. 20- 


and Rev. W. M. Mar. 1 


Long Clawson . 

Rev. J. E. Linnell 

Mar. 8-15 


Ibstock .... 

Rev. E.T.Sylvester 



Rev. R.D.L. Clarke 



Rev. W. S. Parker 


Rev.H.J.Fortescue „ 



Canon C. Words- 


Bardon .... 

Rev. C. A. Hulbert 



Coalville .... 

Rev. W. C. Ingram ; 


Rev. F. 8. Parker 


, Bamsley, St. Mary . 

Rev. M. C. Bickcr- 
steth and Rev. 

Nov. 13- 


J. S. Addison 

„ St. John's . 

Rev.J. F.Andre wes Jan. 30- 
1 ' Feb. 8 


„ St. George's 

Rev. A. R. D'Arcy „ 
1 Rev. A. Nash . j 


Bradford, St. Andrew's . 

Rev. J. Simpson . | Oct. 9-19 


„ St. Bartholomew's 

Canon Hole. . . Nov.20-30 



Rev. R. D. Monro June 24-28 


Pateley Bridge , 

Rev. R. D. Monro |Jnne 20-24 


Copley .... 


Feb. 27- 
March 9 


Halifax. All Souls' . 

1 Rev. F. A. C. Lil- 

Mar. 1-30 



Rev. E.W.Warren 1 Oct. 16-20 



' Rev. I. Woodhams ' Feb.13-22 


Rev. F. S. Parker , 



South London Mission. 

Kennington Deanery. 

Rev.Rowland Ellis 

Feb. 20- 

St. Mark .... 


Rev. C. LM.Hinde 

Mar. 3 



i Rev.F.H.Buckbam 



JLisl of "gWissiottS. 

List op lliBSio^a— continued . 



Name of Missioner 



Rochester, cont. 

St. Barnabas, South Tiam- 

Rev. J. Beeby 

Feb. 20- 



Rev. G. T. C. Ben- 

Mar. 3 


St. Michael, Stockwell . 

Rev. C. H. Grundy 


1 tt 

St. Andrew, Stockwell 

Rev. AlbanWjlde 


1 " 

Green .... 

Rev. Philip Bain- 
• brigge ' 



All Saints, South Lambeth 

Rev. W. M. H. 




Rev. W. Simpson 
Rev. J. Stephens 


Lambeth Deanery. 

Hon. and Rey. E. 



St. Mary .... 

Carr Glyn 

1 ' 

Rev. T. T. Shore 

Rev. A.Williamfion 



Rev. A. R. D*Arcy 



St. Mary the Less , 

Rev. W. G. Abbott 
Rev. C. Bond 



Uoly Trinity . 

Rev. C. J. Atherton 
Rev. W. M. H. 




Newington Deanery. 

Rev. Canop Body 



St. Mary .... 

Rev. A. W. N. 


St. Gabriel 


Rev. W. F.B.Ward 



St. Matthew . 

Rev. F. 8. Webster 



: Holy Trinity, South wark 

Rev. T. E. Holt 



'■ St. Paul, Walworth . 

Rev. F. Winslow 



Rev. B. G. Hoskyns 

Rev. H. R. Wake- 


St. Andrew 

Rev. J. Potter 

Mar. 21- 


All Souls .... 

Several Missioners 

Feb. 20- 
Mar. 3 



St. Peter, Walworth . 

Rev. W. C. Ingram 
Rev. C. R. Durrant 
Rev. H. Mather 


tt 1 


Wellington College . 

Rev. A. E.Seymour 
Rev. H. J. Fortes- 
. cue. 



St. Stephen, Walworth . 

Rev. Canon W. A. 

• a 





St. Mark .... 

Rev. J. Morris 

Kalham Hill, Church of 

Rev. T.R. Wallace 



the Ascension 

Rev. E. A. Om- 



St. Mary .... 

Rev. E.E.Dugmore 
Rev. C. G. Doyne 

• • 


Upper Tooting, Holy 





Rev. H. Hughes 




Jlisi of ^tS!&ton!$. 


List of Uissio^s—i^ofUiniied. 





Xamc of MLisioncr 
Rev. F. Pegg 



Bochestdr, cojU. Gravosend, 8t. James 

Nov. 27- 


<t «-'wr 

Dec. 8 

Eltham, Holy Trinity . 

Rev. H. M. Mosse 
Rev. E. G. Hall 

Nov. 13- 


Old Charlton, St. Luke . 

* Rev. N. Ogilvy 




Rev. the Hon. M. 

Peckham, St. Andrew 

Rev. Martin Reed 

Apr. 19- 

Oct. 30- 



Rev. J. H. Haslam 


Nov. 7 

Blarkheath Tark, St. 

Canon Lefroy 

Nov. 13- 




niacklKuith Hill, Holy 

Rev. J. II. Haslam 

Jan. 29- 



Feb. 10 

Hermonrlsev, St. Luke . ' 

Rev. J. H.II;islam 

Sept. 18- 

Oct. 2-13 


Brixton, St. Paul 

Rev. J. H. Haslam 


Brixton, St. Matthias 

Rev. J. H. Haslam 



Deptford, St. John . 

' Rev. R. D. Monro 

Oct. 30- 


Hatcham, St. James 

Rev. E. H. Hopkins 
Rev. F. S. Webster 

Nov. 13- 

■ fi 

Merton . . « . 

' Rev. H. Falloon 


Feb. 28- 
Mar. 9 


Plumstead, St. John . 

Rev. J. H. Ha.slam 

Oct. 13- 

Mar. 21- 

Nov. 1.3- 


Rotherhithe, Chris tChurch 

Rev. G. J. Watts 


„ St.Katherine 

Rev. J. P. Waldo 


Rev. G. Smith 


Woolwich, St. Mary 

Rev. J. Cullin 




Trowbriflge,Parish Church 

* Rev. C. J. Atherton 

Apr. 3-13 


„ Holy Trinity 

'Rev. G. J. Watts 
and Rev. L. N. 
• Caley 



„ St. Stephen's 

^Rev. W. Cleworth 
* Rev. C. Harrison 



St. Thomas 

Rev. E. Parry 

• « 


Hamham .... 

Rev. T. E. Holt . 

Oct. 13-23 


Warminster, St. John's . 

'Rev. T. F. Bigg . 

Apr. 12- 


Nov. 0-1. "i 




Rev. F. Dolling . 




Rev. Canon Fisher 

Mar. M- 



Nottingham (General 


All Sdints . 

Rev. H. N. Sher- 
brooke and Rev. 
J. A. Halloran 

Nov. 20- 


St. Ann 

Rev. F. A. Wode- 
house. Rev. A. 
Thornley and 



St. Bartholomew 

Rev. II. J.W. Bux- 
ton and Rev. 
H. J. Stephens 





c^isf of "^KissiottS. 

List of UissiovB^eontinwd. 




Name of Ml!M<ioner 


Sonthwell, cmt. 

NottinghAm — 

New Basfon.1 . 

Rev, N. Kcymer 
and Rev. B. V. 

Nov. 20- 


Burton Joyce . 

Rev. G. Tiley 



Carrington. , 

Rev. Canon Bul- 
lock and H. 




1 »• 

Emmanuel • 

Rev. G. C. Grubb . 



Holy Trinity . 

Rev. R. D. Monro 



Hyson Green . 

Rev. D. B. M. 
Chapman and 
Rev. J. E. Lin- 



• St. James . 

Right Rev. the 
Lord Bishop 




St. John Baptist 

Rev. G. E. Mason 
and Rev. A. E. 



Lambley . 

Rev. A. R. D'Arcy 




Rev. G. J. Watts 
and Rev. T. 




St. Luke . . 

Rev. J. Harrison . 


1 *' 

St. Mark . 

Rev. W. R. Mowll 



St. Catharine . 

Rev. G. R. Hadow 



St. Matthew . 

Rev. E.W. Warren 



St. Matthias . 

Rev. E. T. Leeke 
and Rev. J. D. 




St. Clement 

Rev. H. Martin 



St. Nicholas . 

Rev. S. L. Dixon . 


1 t* 

St. Paul . 

Rev. F. W. Dodd . 



St. Peter . . 

Rev. J. H. Honey- 



St. Philip 

Rev. R. H. Ham- 



Old Radford . 

Rev. J, Richard- 
son and Rev. J. 
Stephens . 



All Souls . 




New Radford . 

Rev. J. Simpson . 



St. Saviour 

Rev. T. Graham . 



St. Augustine , 




Sneinton . 

Rev. C. Bodington 
and Rev. C. H. 




St. Alban . . 

Rev. R. Linklater 
and Rev. G. W. 



St. Christopher 

Rev. H. D. Bmlon 



St. Stephen 

Rev. C. B. Wilcox 



St. Thomas 


Rev. S. E. Penne- 
father and Rev. 




W. S. Cleworth 

^ist of fissions. 

Ljbt op Missions— crnifJMUfrf, 


Rev. H. Fallocn . 

r.,. , v.... 

BontbwaU. cniit. 

Tanaloy .... 

Jan-fl-i: J88C 

Dinting Vale , 

Iter. J. Morris 

May 15-25 „ 

Curbar .... 

nev. H. I^kin and 
Rev. J. K. 

AUfT. 1-8 

Worksop Abbey 

Kev. N. Keymcr, 
Rev. a. C. Ha- 
ni ilton.andEcv. 

Feb. fi-lG ' 

H. F. Hinde 

„ St. John 

Rev, J. J. Lnco . 

Dorbr(General Mis-sion)— 

All Saints, 

Rev. W. Haelam 
and Canon Lc- 

Nor. G-17 „ 

St.AIkmunil . 

Rev. H.Arnifltrong 


St. Andrew , 

Rev. Frank W.Dodd 

SI. Anne . 

Rev. W. Black, 
Kcv. H. N. 
Thompson and 
Bev. F. B. Hall 


St. B&mnbas . 

Rev. Joseph Simp- 

St. Chad . . . 

Rev. W. 0. Halse 
and Rev. Q. D, 


1 " 

Christ Church , 

Rev, J, Morris . 

St. James . 

ltev.F.B,de Chair 
and Rev, W. St. 
Hill Bourne 

::. 1 :; 

St, Diiiislan'^ Mission 

H, Algernon Col- 


1 .. 

Sl.Jolin . 

and Rev. W. St. 
Hill Bourne 

1 M 

St.r.iiko . 

Canon Uasscy, 
Rev. W. H. Dra- 
per, and Rev. 
A. F.W. Ingram 

St. HirhacI . 

Rev. T.R. Willacy 
and Rev, J, Dunn 

St. Paul . 

Rev. Robert Cat- 
terall and Rev. 
F. J, HoiBefiehl 

" 1 '• 

Rt. I'cter . 

Rev. John Wylde 
and Rev. J. L. 


HolTTrinitv . 

Kev J W.JohTisur 

St. -rhotiia/ 

Canon Fisher 

Sl.Werbureh . . 

Canon Dobree and 
Rev.W,I. Smith 


Rev. H. K. Noyes . 

St. Albani 

Chippersaeld . 

Be». B. D. Monro 

Sept, 11- „ 

Hoddesdon . . 

Rev. W. Laycock . 

Mar,7-16 | „ 

St. Ai*ph 

Hope .... 

Bev. W. HaBlam . 

July4-U 1 ., 

Denbigb .... 

Rev, F. E. Allen . 

Jan,17-27 ' „ 

J^tsf of fissions. 

1.1ST 07 illBSlOXS—eoiUinwd. 

WimheMer, Holy Tri-nily 
lUrmingtiam, AH Sninls 

Hortsliill . 
Leamington, St. MnrJ- 

Pul 1 ingtoii -c u m -Bal nC 
Rotherhum, St. Stephen' 
Hull, St. Mary. 

Rev, F.W. Do-M. 

Oct. 9-19 

Rev. Canon Carter 

Nor. 7-22 

Itov. J. llrown 

Rev. Canon Carter 

Rev. W. E. Clo- 

Jan. 9-22 


Eev. F. W. Do.Id . 

May 8-1 7 


May IS- 

Rev. J. Stephena . 


Kov. n- 

Rev. A. Uiw 


ltev.S.C. Morgan 

Ki-i.. a:- 

I I 

Rev. F. W. Do.lil . 

and Bcv. J. 

Rcff. W. U. Aitkcn 
Rev J. Sleplicns . 
Rev, G. L. Kemp . 

Rev. W. K. Cle- 

Rev. J. II. noncy- 

Bev. Canon Hole . 

Feb. 20- 

Itev. J. C. Yar- 

Mar. 2 


Rev. E. A, Stuart 

Kov. 13- 

Itev. N. McNeilc . 



The following Clergy, who have gained eiperience in the work, havB 
exprasscil their williDgncsB to give assietanco in conducting Parochial 
Missions, and to respond to any invitation to do so as far as other claims 
npOD their time permit : — 

Abbott, Rev. W. O., SI.A. 
Arty. Rev. W. II., M..\. . 
Aitlten, Bev. W. Hay, SI..S. 
Allen, Rev. F. G„ M,A. . 
Andrew, Rev. W, W., U.A. 

Kcclor ot St. Luke's, Old Street, E.G. 

Rector of Kdgcote. 


Vicar ot East Farlcigh, llaiditone. 

Vicar of Ketteringham, WymondbanL 

<^is( of ^issiott "^trcacl^crs. 


Andrewes, Rev. J. F., M.A. 
Askwith, Rev. W. H., M.A. 
Atherton, Rev. C. I., M.A. 

Bacon, Rev. J. H. 
Barker, Rev. F., M.A. 
Barnes, Rev. C. 
Barrett, Rev. D. W., M.A. 
Barrow, Rev. W. M. . 
Bates. Rev. T. . 
Beeby, Rev. F., M.A. 

Berguer, Rev. H. J., A.K.C. 

Bodington, Rev. C, A.K.C. 
Body, Rev. G., M.A. 
Bourne, Rev. W. St. Hill . 
Bowers, Rev. J. P. A., M.A. 
Bradbury, Rev. W., B.A. . 
Brewer, Rev. E., M.A. 

Bristow, Rev. R. R., M.A. 
Brittain, Rev. A. H. B., B.A. 
Bromby, Rev. H. B., M.A. 
Brown, Rev. J. B., M.A. . 
Browne, Rev. C. G., M.A. 
Browne, Rev. H. J., B.A. 
Bullock, Rev. R., M.A. . 

Bumey, Rev. E. M., B.A. . 
Bums, Rev. H. B., M.A. . 
Burridge, Rev. E. V., M.A. 
Burridge, Rev. T. W., M.A. 
Butlin, Rev. J. T., B.A. . 
Buxton, Rev. H. J. Wilmot, M 
Carr, Rev. J. W.. M.A. 
Gaud well. Rev. F., M.A. . 
Chandler, Rev. H. C. D., M.A. 
Chapman, Rev. W. H., M..\. 
Chapman, Rev. D. M. B., B.A. 
ChUde, Rev. C. V., M.A. . 
Clarke. Rev. R. D. L., M.A. 
Clarke Rev. C. P., M.A. . 
Cleworth, Rev. T. E., M.A. 
aeworth, Rev. W. E. 
Cockin, Rev. C. G., M.A. . 
Codd, Rev. A., M.A. . 
Cogswell, Rev. W. H. L., M.A. 
Coles, Rev. V. S. S., B.A. . 
CoUett, Rev. E. 
Collins, Rev. P. H. . 
Cullen, Rev. J., M.A. 
Cullin, Rev. J., M.A. 
D'Arcy, Rev. A. R. . 
Dawson, Rev. J., B.A. 
Deacon, Rev. A. W,, 31. A. 
De Chair. Rev. F. B., M.A. 
Diggle, Rev. J. W., B.A. . 
Disney, Rev. W. H., M.A. 
Dizon^ Rev. Jas., M.A. 


Vicar of Roxeth, Harrow. 

Vicar of Christ Church, Derby. 

Rector of Farringdon and Diocesan Missioner 
for Exeter. 

Rector of Gonerby, Grantham. 

Rector of Cottenham, Cambridge. 

Vicar of Christ Church, Coleford, Gloucester. 

Nassington Vicarage, Wansford. 

26 Upper Parliament Street, Liverpool. 

Vicar of St. Mary, Balham. 

Secretary of the East London CTiurch Fund, 
26 St. Mary Axe, E.C. 

Vicar of St. I'hilip's, Arlington Square, Isling- 
ton, N. 

Vicar of Christ Cliurch, Lichfield. 

Canon Missioner, Durham. 

Vicar of Haggerston, E, 

Palace Yard, Gloucester. 

Mildmay Lodge, Weston-super-Mare. 

Vicar of St. Thomas's, Islington ; 30 Belitha 
Villas, Bamsbury, N. 

Vicar of St. Stephen s, Lewisliam, S.E. 

St. Augustine's Mission, Fulliam, S.W. 

Vicar of St. Jolm's, Bethnal Green. 

Rector of Stackpole Elidor, Pembroke. 

Chaplain, House of Mercy, Clewer, Windsor. 

Incumbent of Christ Church, Barnet. 

Vicar of Holy Trinity, Leeds; Prebendary of 
Lincoln Cathedral. 

Vicar of St. Andrew's, Wolverhampton. 

Vicar of Great Ilford. 

Rector of St. Martin's, Chirk, Salop. 

Vicar of Eastbury. Lamboumc. 

Vicar of St. Clement's, Birmingham. 

Vicar of St. Giles's, Great Torrington, 

Vicar of St. Mary, Hull. 

Vicar of St. Matthias', Stoke Newington. 

Rector of Steventon, Whitchurch. 

Rector of All Souls, I^ngham IMace, W. 

Rector of Warmbrook, Cliard. 


Vicar of Dcsborongli, Market Harborough. 

Incumbent of Holy Trinity, South Wimbledon. 

Vicar of St. Thomas's, Nottingham. 

Upton, Plaistow. Essex. 

Rector of Lea, Gainsborough. 

Vicar of Beam ins ter. 

Vicar of St. Oswald, Chester. 

Rector of Shepton-Beauchamp, Ilminster. 

Vicar of Bowerchalk, Salisbury. 

Curate-in-Charge of St. Thomas's, Paddington 

Vic^r of RadcliflFe-on-Trenl , 

Rector of Oughtrington, Warrington. 

Rector of Nympsfield, 

Incumbent of Holy Trinit}*, Torquay. 

Incumbent of Milton, Chipping Norton. 

Rector of Morley. 

Vicar of St. Matthew's, Mosslcy Hill, Liverpool. 

Rector of Winwiok, Rugby. 

St. Oswald's, Durham. 


<^isf of "^Kission '^teacf^ets. 

Dixon, Rev. J. G., M.A. . 
Dixon, Rev. S. L., K.C.L. 
Dodd, Rev. F. W., B.A. . 
Donaldson, Rev. A. B., M.A. 
Douglas, Rev. H. C. 
Downer, Rev. A. C, M.A. 
Dugmore, Rev. E. E., M.A. 
Dunkerley, Rev. W. . 
Dunne, Rev. G. T., M.A. . 
Eckersley, Rev. J., M.A. . 
Elliott, Rev. G. L., M.A. . 
Ellis, Rev. Rowland, M.A. 
Emmet, Rev. W. E., M.A. 
Evans, Rev. Daniel, R.A. 
Everard, Rev. G., M.A. 
Falloon, Rev. W. II., B.A. 
Favell, Rev. II. A., M.A. . 
Fawcett, Rev. H., M.A. , 
Finch, Rev. C. J., M.A. . 
Fisher, Rev. C. E., M.A. . 

Fitzpatrick, Rev. N. R., M.A. 
tFletcher, Rev. J. M. J. . 
Fletcher, Rev. J. P. A., M.A. 
Fletcher, Rev. W. H., M.A. 
Fortescue, Rev. H. J., M.A. 
Fowler, Rev. J., M.A. 
Fox, Rev. H. E., M.A. 
Fox, Rev. S. W. Darwin, M.A. 
Francis, Rev. D. H., B.A. 
Forse, Rev. C. W., M.A. . 

Gadsdan, Rev. J. J. . . 
Gamlen, Rev. C, M..\. 
Gibbon, Rev. J. H., B.A. . 

Godsell, Rev. G., M.A. 
Gough, Rev. E. J., M.A. . 
Grant, Rev. Cyril, M.A. . 
Green, Rev. C. . 
Grigson, Rev. E., B.A. 
Guest, Rev. C. . 
Hadow, Rev. G. R., M.A. . 
Hall, Rev. H. A. 
Hamilton, Rev. G. C. , 
Hammond, Rev. R. H. 

Handley, Rev. E., M.A. . 
Hankin, Rev. D. B. . 
Harper, Rev. F., M.A. 
Harrison, Rev. J., LL.D. . 
Haslam, Rev. J. II., M.A. 
Haslara, Rev. W., M.A. , 
Hayton, Rev. \V., M.A. . 
Herbert, Rev. G. W., M.A. 
Hillyard, Rev. E. A., B.A. 
Hindley, Rev. W. Talbot, M.A 
Hoare, Rev. E., M.A. 

Hoare, Rev, J. G., M.A. . 

Rector of St. George's, Birmingham. 

Vicar of St. George's, Worthing. 

Broadhurst Gardens, South Hampstcad. 

Canon and Precentor of Truro Cathedral. 

Vicar of St. Matthew's, Ealing Common, W. 

Rector of St. Cuthbert's, Bedford. 

Vicar of Parkstone, Poole. 

Vicar of St. Thomas's, Toxteth Park, Liverpool 

Vicar of St. John's, Barrow-in-Furne&j. 

Vicar of Wednesbury. 

Vicar of Bowden Hill, Chippenham. 

Incumbent of St. Paul's, Edinburgh. 

Vicar of St. Mark's, Netting Hill. 

Rector of Llanmacs, Cowbridge, South Wales. 

Vicar of Christ Church, Dover. 

Vicar of Long Ashton, Bristol. 

Vicar of St. Mark, Broomhall. 

Vicar of St. Thomas's, Bethnal Green. 

Vicar of St. Peter's, De Beau voir Town. 

Prebendary of Lincoln, Rector of Hagworthing- 

Vicar of Woodford Wells. 

Vicar of St. Andrew's, Wolverhampton. 

Rector of Aston Flamville, Hinckley. 

Incumbent of Holy Trinity, Shrewsbury. 

Vicar of St. George's, Leicester. 

Rector of Grimston, King's Lynn. 

Vicar of St. Nicholas', Durham. 

21 John Street, Adelphi, W.C. 

Vicar of Great Bentley, Colchester. 

Canon of Westminster, and Chaplain to the 
Bishop of Oxford. 

St. Matthias, Upper Tulse Hill. 

Vicar of Peasedown, Bath. 

Incumbent of St. Luke's, Halliwell, Bolton-le* 

Vicar of St. Andrew's, Plaistow, E. 

Incumbent of St. Paul's, Dundee. 

Vicar of Aylesford. 

Vicar of St. Paul's, Beckenham, Kent. 

Rector of Whinburgh, East Dereham. 

Vicar of Christ Church, Burton-on- Trent. 

Rector of Calstone. 

Vicar of Holy Trinitj', Bristol. 

Vicar of St. Luke, Middlestown, Wakefield. 

Incumbent of St. James's, Toxteth Park, Liver- 

Muckham Grange, Newark. 

Vicar of St. Jude's, Mildmay Park, N. 

Rector of Hinton-Waldrist, Faringdon. 

Vicar of St. Silas's, Liverpool. 

Diocesan Missioner for Rochester. 

66 Marina, St. Ixjonards. 

Vicar of Toft, Knutsfonl. 

Vicar of St. Peter's, Vauxhall, S.W. 

A'icar of Christ Church, Belper. 

Vicar of Holy Trinity, Margate. 

Hon. Canon of Canterbury, and Vicar of Holy 
Trinity, Tunbridge Wells. 

Vicar of St. Dunstan's, Canterbury, 

J^isf of 'gKission "^rcacl^crs. 


Hoare, Bev. W. M., M.A. . 
Hodgson, Bev. K., M.A. . 
Hole, Bev. S. B., M.A. 

Holt, Bev. T. E. 
Honeybome, Bev. J. H., M.A. 

Hooke, Bev. S. . . . 

Howell, Bev. (}.... 
HuniingdoD, Bev. G., M.A. 
Hulbert, Bev. C. A., M.A. 
Hunt, Bev. D. J. S., M.A. 
Hutchinson, Bev. S. 
Ingram, Bev. W. C, M.A. 
Ivens, Bev. W. F., M.A. . 
Ives, Bev. B. J. 
Jackson, Bev. A. G. . 
Jackson, Bev. W. H., M.A. 
Johnson, Bev. G. Herbert 
Jones, Bev. E. L., M.A. . 
Kemp, Bev. G. L., M.A. . 
Keymer, Bev. N., M.A. . 
Kitto, Bev. J. F., M.A. . 

Knipe, Bev. C 

Lake, Bev. H. A., M.A. . 
Lay cock, Bev. W., M.A. . 
Lecke, Bev. E. T., M.A. . 
Leeke, Bev. J. C, M.A. . 
Lester, Bev. J. H., M.A. , 

Lillingston, Bev. F. A. C, M.A. 
Linnell, Bev. J. E. . 
Lintott, Bev. J. C, A.K.C. 

Little, Bev. W. J. Knox, M.A. 
Lonsdale, Bev. H., M.A. . 
Loyd, Bev. L. H., M.A. . 
Luce, Bev. J. J., B.A. 
Lunt, Bev. J., M.A. 
Mac£ul.hur, Bev. J., M.A. . 

McArthur. Bev. C. C. 
M*Cormick, Bev. J., M.A. 

Macdonald, Bev. T. M., M.A. . 

Mahon, Bev. G. A., M.A. 
Malcolmson, Bev. J. 

Mant. Bev. N. W. J., B.A. 
Marshall, Bev. E. T. 
MaAhall, Bev. H. J., M.A. 
Masoui Bev. A. J., M.A. . 

Mason, Bev. G. E., M.A. . 
Masscy, Ilev. J. C, ^I.A. . 
Meeres, Bev. C. E., 13. A. . 
Mills, fiev. J. W., M.A. . 
Moleswortn, Bev. J. H., M.A. 
Moncrief, Bev. A., M.A. 

. Bector of Colkirk, Fakenham, 
. Vicar of Walsall. 

. Vicar of Caunton, Newark, Prebendary of Lin- 
coln Cathedral, Chaplain to Archbishop of 
. Missioner, Wilton, Salisbury. 
. Incumbent of St. Philemon, Toxteth Park, 

. Bector of Clopton, Woodbridge, Suffolk. 
. Vicar of Clirist Churcli, Everton, Liverpool. 
. Bector of Tenby. 

Vicar of Nether Broughton, Melton Mowbray, 
. Vicar of Thorpe St. Andrew, Norwich. 

Vicar of All Saints*, Preston. 
. Vicar of St. Matthew's, Leicester. 
. Vicar of St. James's, Edgbaston. 
. Somerset House, Boath, Cardiff. 
. Beformatory, Bedhill, Surrey. 
, Vicar of Thorpe Arch, York. 
Diocesan Missioner for Salisbury. 
Bector of St. Bride's, Stretford, Manchester. 
, Vicar of St. Frideswide, Oxford. 
Vicar of Headon-cum-Upton, Tuxford. 
Bector of St. Martin's- in-the-Fields, London. 
Vicar of Erlstoke, Wilts. 
Vicar of Castle Hedingham, Halstead. 
Vicar of Hurdsfield, Macclesfield. 
Canon and Chancellor of Lincoln Cathedral. 
Bector of Kidbrook, Blackheath, S.E. 
Prebendary of Lichfield, and Bector of South 

Vicar of St. Barnabas', llolloway, N. 
Vicar of Pavenliam, Beds. 
Vicar of St. Luke's, Camberwell, Peckham 

Bead, S.E. 
Canon of Worcester. 
Vicar of Thornthwaite, Keswick. 
Bector of Grove, Leighton Buzzard. 
Vicar of St. Nicholas', Gloucester. 
Vicar of Leyton, Essex. 
Bector of Lamplagh. 
Bector of Burlingham, Norfolk. 
Hon. Canon of York, Vicar of Kingston-upon- 

Hull, and Bural Dean. 
Bector of Kersal Moor, Manchester, and Canon 

of Lincoln. 
Vicar of Leigh-on«Mendip. 
Vicar of St. Luke's, Deptford ; Kent Cottage, 

New Cross, ^.E. 
Vicar of Sledemere, York. 
Bector of Coveney. 
Bector of Beaford, North Devon. 
Bector of All Hallows, London, E.G., and 

Canon of Truro. 
Rector of Whitwell, Chesterfield. 
Hector of S. Norman ton, Alfreton. 
Vicar of Perranzabuloe, Truro. ^ 

Bector of St. Lawrence, nc^'- '^r.'ildou 
Vicar of St, Mark's, PeterV 
Vicar of Alton, Chcadle. 


<^isf of "gKissiott ^xeacf)exs. 

Monro, Rev. R. D., M.A. . 
Morgan, Rev. S. C, D.D. 
Morris, Rev. H. 
Morris, Rev. J., M.D. • 
Mosse, Rev. H. M., M.A. . 
MowU, Rev. W. R., B.A. . 

Mulgravc, Rev. the Earl of, M 
Nash, Rev. T. A., M.A. . 
Newton, Rev. H., M.A. . 
Norman, Rev. D. R., M.A. 
Ogilvy, Rev. C. W. N., M.A. 
Oldroyd, Rev. W. R. 
Osborne, Rev. J. F., M A. 
Parker, Rev. F. S., M.A. . 
Parr, Rev. R. H., M.A. . 
Pcgg, Rev. H. Foster, M.A. 
Peile, Rev. T. W. . 
Pelham, Hon. and Rev. F. G. 
Pelly, Rev. R. P., M.A. . 
Pennefather, Rev. S. E., M.A. 
Pcploe, Rev. H. W. Webb. M.A 
Philipps, Rev. Sir J. E., Bt., M 

Phillips, Rev. G. E., M.A. 
Phillips, Rev. S..M.A. . 
Pigou, Rev. F., D.D. 

Pixell, Rev. C. H. V., M.A. 
Ponsonby, Rev. F. J., M.A. 

Potter, Rev. J. Haslock, M.A. 
Powell. Rev. E. P. . 
Price, Rev. L. . 
Price, Rev. W. J., M.A. . 
Richardson, Rev. T. 
Ridgeway, Rev. C. J., D.A. 
Roberts, Rev. A., M.A. 
Roberts, Rev. G. B. . 
Robinson, Rev. A. J., M.A. 
Robinson, Rev. A. W., M A. 
Robson, Rev. W. H. F., A.K.C. 

Roc, Rev, R. J., M.A. 
Roworth, Rev. L. D. 
Sampson, Rev. E. 
Sanders, Rev. S. J. W., M.A. 
Savage, Rev. George, M.A. 
4Scott, Rev. J., M.A. 
Scott, Rev. J. H., M.A. . 
Scott, Rev. W. A., M.A. . 
Scott, Rev. W. F., M.A. . 
Scott-Moncreiff, Rev. W., M.A 
Selwyn, Rev. S. A., M..\. 
Seymour, Rev. A. E., M.A. 
Sharpe, Rev. A. B., M.A. . 
Shaw, Rev. J. H., M.A. . 
Shcrbrooke, Rev. H. Neville 

Simpson, Rev. J. 


. Holme Lea, St. Leonard*8-on-Sea. 

Vicar of St. Malay's, Leamington. 

Rector of Withcall, Lonth. 
, St. Peter's Park, St Albans. 

Rector of Heage, Belper. 

Curate of All Souls* Langham Place, W. ; 3 
St. Marylebone Street, W. 
. Vicar of Worsley. 
. Rector of Lowestoft. 

. Vicar of Great and Little Driffield, Yorkshire. 
. Rector of Stafford. 
. Rector of Hanbury Bromsgrove. 
. Vicar of Haswell, Durham. 
. Vicar of St. Peter's, Highgate Hill. 

Vicar of Scalford, Melton Mowbray. 

Vicar of St. Martin's, Scarborough. 
. Vicar of St. Mary's, Birmingham. 
. Rector of St. John BaptiiSt, Buckhurst Hill. 
. Hon. Canon of Bangor, Rector of Lambeth. 
. Vicar of St. John's, Stratford, B. 

Vicar of Jesmond, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
. Vicar of St. Paul's, Onslow Square, S.W. 
A. . Vicar of Warminstci*, Prebendary of Salisbury 
. Rector of Stalbridge, Blandford. 
. Rector of Nuneham Court^nay, Oxford. 
. Vicar of Halifax, Rural Dean, and Chaplain in 

Ordinary to the Queen. 
. Rector of Frampton Cotterell, Bristol. 
. Vicar of St. Mary Magdalene, Munster Square ; 

3 Cambridge Place, Regent's Park, N.W. 
. Vicar of Holy Trinity, Upper Tooting. 
. Vicar of Heptonstall, Manchester. 
. Rector of Pakefield, Lowestoft. 

Vicar of Lilleshall, Newport. 
. Vicar of St. Benet's, Mile End Road, B. 
. Vicar of Christ Church, Lancaster Gate. 

Rector of Kimberley, Nottingham. 
. Vicar of Elmstone. 
. Rector of Whitechapel. 
. Vicar of Bilton, Harrogate. 
. Hon.Canon of Peterborough Cathedral, and Vicar 

of Christ Church, Claughton, Birkenhead. 
. Rector of Lanteglos, Camelford. 
. Vicar of St. Saviour's, Clareborough. 
. Vicar of St. James's, Selby. 
. The School House, Northampton. 
. Vicar of St. Mary's, Isleworth. 
. C^non of York.' 
. Rector of St. Mary, Weymouth. 
. Vicar of Christ Church, New Seaham. 
. Vicar of Boughton Monchelsea, Maidstone. 
. Vicar of Christ Church, Bishopwearmouth. 
. Vicar of St. James's, Hatcham, 8.E. 

Vicar of Bromsgrove. 
. Curate of St. Peter's, Vauxhall. 
. Vicar of St. Paul's, Ball's Pond. 
. Minister of Portman Chapel; 49 Jlontagu 

Square, W. ^ 

. 21 John Street, Adelphi, W.C. 

<^isi of fission ^reacl^ers. 


Slater, Rev. F., M.A. 
Smith, Bev. Haskett, M.A. 
Smith, Bev. J. A., M.A. , 

Smith, Bev. B. G., F.L.S. 

Spencer, Bev. A. J., M.A. 
Stephens, Bev. J. 
Stewart, Bev. D. D., M.A. 
Stokes, Bev. H. Pelham, M.A. 
Storrs, Bev. C. E. W. 
Storm, Bev. G. Noel, M.A. 
Storrs, Bev. W. T., B.D. , 
Stuart, Bev. E. A., M.A. , 
Sturdy, Bev. H. C. M.A. 
Snlivan, Bev. J. Filmer, M.A. 
Sylvester, Bev. E. T., M.A. 
Thornton, Bev. G. Bathven, M 
Thornton, Bev. F. 8^ M.A. 
Thwaites, Bev. E. N. 
Thwaites, Bev. H. G. 
Thynne, Bev. A. C, M.A. 
Toyne, Bev. F. E, . 
Tyler, Bev. W. W. . 
Waddington, Bev. J. B. . 
Waldo, Bev. J. P., B.A. . 
Walker, Bev. B. G., B.A. . 
Warren, Bev. A., M.A. . 
Warren, Bev. E. W., M.A. 
Warring^n, Bev. J. 
Watney, Bev. J., M.A. 
Watts, Bev. G. J., M.A., LL.D 
Webster, Bev. F. S., B.A. 
Webster, Bev. T. C. . 
Wharam, Bev. G. D., M.A. 
White, Bev. D. J. . 
^Vhite. Bev. B. A. . 
Whittington, Bev. B. T., M.A. 
Whitworth, Bev. W. A., M.A. 
Wilcox, Bev. C. B. ;. 
Wilde, Bev. A. S.. M.A. . 

Willacy, Bev. T. R. 
Williamson, Bev. A., M.A. 
Willink, Bev. J. W., M.A. 
Wilson, Bev. C. H. . 
Winslow, Bev. Forbes E., M.A 
Wodhams, Bev. J., M.A. . 
Woflindin, Bev. II., M.A. . 
Woodward, Bev. M., M.A. 
Wrenford, Bev. J. T., M.A. 
Wyld, Bev. F. A. Alban 
Wylde, Bev. J., M.A. 
Wynter, Bev. B. W., M.A. 
Young, Bev. J. P., M.A. . 
Young, Bev. P., M.A. 

. Vicar of St. James's, Latchford, Warrington. 

. Rector of Brauncewell. 

. Vicar of Swansea, and Prebendary of Lincoln 


. Vicar of All Saints, Hatcham Park, New 

Cross, 8.E. 

, Vicar of Christ Church, Chelsea, S.W. 

. Elzaphan, Chaucer Street, Bedford. 

. Bector of Coulsdon. 

. Bector of Wareham, Dorset. 

. Vicar of Snaith. 

. Vicar of St. Stephen's, Tunbridge. 

, Vicar of Sandown, Isle of Wight. 

. Vicar of St. James's, HoUoway, N. 

. Vicar of St. Paul's, Dorking. 

. Vicar of St. Matthew's, Bayswater, W. 

. Rector of Dcene, Wansford. 

A. . Vicar of St. Barnabas, Kensington, W. 

. Vicar of St. Sepulchre, Northampton. 

. Bector of Fisherton, Salisbury. 

. Vicar of St. John's, Newport, Isle of Wight. 

. Rector of Kilkhampton and Canon of Truro. 

. Vicar of St. Michael's, Bournemouth. 

. Vicar of Tanning^n, Framlingham. 

. Vicar of Low Moor, Clitheroe. 

. Vicar of St. Stephen, South Kensington. 

. Broughton House, Newport Pagnell. 

. Vicar of S. Michael's, Appleby. 

. Vicar of Holy Trinity, Lambeth. 

. Rector of St.Philip's,BradfoidRoad,Manchester. 

. Vicar of Canwick. 

. Vicar of St. Mark's, Oldham. 

. 128 Edgware Road. 

. Vicar of St. Mark's, Old Street. E.C. 

. Vicar of Newhall, Burton-on-Trent. 

. Vicar of Burgh. 

. Vicar of St. Silas, Northampton. 

, Rector of Orsett. Essex. 

. Vicar of All Saints, Margaret Street. 

. Vicar of St. Thomas's, Sheffield. 

, Rector of Louth, Prebendary of Lincoln 

Cathedral, and Chaplain to the Bishop. 

. Vicar of Thorganby, York. 

. Vicar of St. James's, Norlands, W. 
. Vicar of St. John's, Sunderland. 
. Vicar of Dilton Marsh, Westbury. 

. Rector of St. Paul's, St. LeonanVs-on-Sea, 
, Magdalen College School, Brackley. 
. Vicar of St. Giles', Northampton. 
. Vicar of Folkestone. 
. Vicar of St. Paul's, Newport, Mon. 
. Rector of St. Andrew's, Romford. 
. Vicar of St. Saviour's, Leeds. 

. Rector of Islip, Thrapstonc. 
. Vicar of Great Grimsby. 

. Rector of North Witham, Colster worth, und 
Prcbcndnry of Lincoln Cathedral. 

ii8 ^ag ^eabevs. 



Recent discussions upon the subject, of Church Reform have served very 
forcibly to show how largely a generous recognition and use of Lay help 
is needed to promote the growth and success of the work of the Church. 
There are no doubt some points in constitution and government which 
call for reconsideration and amendment of a legislative character, but 
the most helpful of all reforms will be found in a wider adaptation of the 
ministry of the Church to the spiritual and temporal wants of the people. 
To accomplish this it is urgently needful that the work of the Clergy 
should be largely supplemented by practical services from the Laity. If 
only this can be accomplished the Church would at once possess a ten- 
fold firmer hold upon the afiections of the people, which would quietly 
dispel the desire and supposed necessity for many of the impracticable 
schemes of Church Reform which have of late been proposed and dis- 

The' Year Book of 1885, p. 88, presented a comprehensive Report 
upon the action of Church Councils in favour of an official recognition of 
Lay help ; and for those who desire to inform themselves upon the subject, 
it would be well to refer to the information which is there given. 

In several instances the decisions of the Clergy and Laity in Diocesan 
Conferences have assumed a practical shape in the formation of Lay 
Readers' Associations. 

It could hardly bo expected that we should see very rapid growth in a 
work practically novel in the organisation of the Church ; but it is yet 
evident that, under wise and patient direction, the movement itself gives 
promise of lasting results for good. For the guidance of those who may 
wish for such information we have collected specimen Forms of Licence 
and Instruction for Lay Readers, which will be found in the reference 
section of the Volume for 1886. 

The following records indicate briefly the objects of such Associatiors, 
the methods by which they seek to accomplish their work, and some of 
the results which have followed : 


I I i 

Dioc^'se I Lay He'pcrs' Association | 

London . j The London Lay Helpers' Association has now been in existence 

for twenty years. Its object is to organise, stimulate, and 
expand the Lay religious work of the Diocese. It ignores all 
party distinctions, and is catholic in the widest sense. 
Its one aim is to assist the Clergy, and to take some of the burden 
from tlicir shoulders. It offers no suggestion how the work is 
to be done, but heartily welcomes all who will join its ranks. Any 
Layman is eligible who (being a Communicant) will undertake 

c$aB Readers. 


Lay Helpers' AssociATioia—cofitinued, 


London — eont. 

Lay Helpers* Association 

to devote some portion of his time gratuitously tod regularly to 
some Church work. There is no annual or other subscription. 

The number of enrolled members now exceeds 5,000. To this Asso- 
ciation is in a great measure due the development of the scheme 
for the training of Lay Readera from every Diocese in England 
and Scotland, by a course of instruction and residence for from 
two to four weeks within the walls of Keble College, Oxford, 
during the Long Vacation. From forty to fifty Readers annually 
avail themselves of this privilege, and many are glad to repeat 
their visit for a second and third time, appreciating to the full 
not only the opportunity of hearing able theological lectures, 
sermons, and addresses, but perhaps still more the advantage 
of mingling with others engaged in similar work, exchanging 
ideas, forming new friendships, and breathing for a time a new 
atmosphere away from the business of ordinary life. 

To this Association also is in a great measure due the inauguration 
of the * London Diocesan Magazine,* the first number of which 
was issued in May 1886. The magazine is published monthly, 
under the immediate sanction of the Bishop of the Diocese, and 
is intended to afford information of what is being done in the 
Diocese towards the advancement of Church work. 

In the past, as in former years, the Association has carried out its 
programme of Services and Lectures as follows : — 

(1) Four Special Services in the Crypt of St. Paul's, followed by 
Social Meetings in the Chapter House. 

(2) A Special Service under the Dome of St. Paul's, on March 8. 
(.3) A Special Communion in St. Paul's Cathedral, and a Special 

Evening Service in Westminster Abbey, on June 29. 
(4) Two courses of Lectures, followed lay an examination and 
award of prizes. 

•Commanications should be made to the Chairman, 
G. A. Spottiswoode, Esq., 3 Cadogan Square ; or the 
Honorary Secretary, H. Wigram, Esq., Uplands, East 



Though there is no Diocesan Society, every encouragement is 
given by the Bishop to the formation of local associations in 
various populous districts, and the steady increase of the move- 
ment shows that its importance is fully recognised, and members 
of the different societies arc summoned torrether frnni time to 
time by the Bishop in the Cathedral, or at some other place as 
may be appointed. 

Lay EvangeliBts* Association for the Deanery of Auckland.— ^This 
Association has recently been formed with the object of employ- 
ing laymen regularly or occasionally in mission-room and opon- 

. air services, and such other evangelistic work as may be found 
adWsable. The members are divided into two sections, Evan- ; 
gelists and Assistant Evangelists ; the former are chosen from 
Communicants who have already acquired experience and lit- | 
ness for their work, the latter are persons who are more or less | 
under special training, and it is proposed that they shall serve I 
a probation of twelve months at least, and pass a detinite j 
examination. Official recognition by the Bishop is an essential I 
qualification in the appointment of members of this Afifv^ci^\\oi[i. \ 


jB^afi ^eabevs. 

Lay Helpers' Association— cvnfiwt^rf. 


Lay Helpers' Association 

Bath ft Wells 


This Association was founded in November 1881, and was 
the outcome of the report of a committee appointed by the 
Diocesan Conference for the purpose of drawing up a set of 
rules by which lay help could be organised and directed. 

All Church workers, if oommunicants, may become members, it 
being tlie wish of the Council to combine in one large society 
all who are devoting themselves to any siKJcial religious work in 
the various parishes of the Diocese. 

The fourth annual meeting of the Society took place at Wells on 
July 22. There was Holy Communion In the Cathedral at half- 
past ten, and a short service in the Nave at a quarter-past two, 
with sermon. The Conference was held at three in the Chapter 
House (which was crowded) under the presidency of the Bishop. 
The paper that was read was on Lay Preaching. 

The number of associates and members for this, the fourth year, 
has greatly increased. 

Any one joining the society is furnished with a card of member- 
ship, on which is printed a prayer, drawn up by the Bishop, and 
recommended for daily use. Each member also receives a copy 
of the annual report, In which the list of members for the cur- 
rent year is published. The subscription is fixed at 6d. each, 
and the amount thus raised has been found sufficient to meet 
all expenses. 

It has recently been decided to olTer a few small grants to Lay 
Kea<lcrs who may be desirous of availing themselves of the 
ourse of instruction provided during the Long Vacation every 
year either at Oxford or Cambridge, under the auspices of the 
London Association of Lay Helpers. 

Hon. Secretaries : — Clerical, Rev. Prebendary Coleman, Cheddar, 
Weston-super-Mare ; Rev. A. Phillips, Hendford, Yeovil. 

All communications should be addressed to the Hon. 
Lay Secretary, Mr. E. E. Rosser, Landscore, Weston- 



A Committee appointed by the Bishop in accordance with the 
resolution of the Diocesan Conference has drawn up a scheme of 
constitution for the working of this Association. The objects of 
the Society may be stated as : 1. — To encourage Laymen to 
take a definite share in Church work, and to enforce on them 
the duty of assisting in such work. 2. — To obtain help for the 
Clergy in all work which does not essentially belong to the 
Ministerial Office, and to relieve them in the secular part of 
Parochial Work. 3. — To unite all the Members in sympathy 
and by intercession one for the other. The Association recog- 
nises as principles that there shall be : (a) No interference on 
the part of the Association or its Agents between the Clergy 
and their Lay Workers ; and (b) Full acknowledgment of Lay 
Workers and their work, whether they become members of the 
Association or not. Over eighty Laymen have been already 
enrolled as Members. 

<^aB ^eabevs. 


Lay Helpe&s' Association — continued. 



Lay Helpen* Association 

A Ck>imoil of Clergy and Laymen has now been formed with the 
sanction of the Bishop, and about 100 Laymen from various 
parts of the Diocese have been enrolled as members. 

Commanications should be addressed to either of the Hon. 
Secretaries, Rev. F. G. Blackburne, the Rectory, Nant- 
wich, or J. R. Williams, Esq., Dorchester Hoasei 



liTerpool* . 



Has just been formed, and the following extracts from its Rules 
indicate the methods upon which it will proceed in carrying 
out its work : — 

(a.) This Association shall consist of Lay persons, being communi- 
cants, who arc willing to do some work for the Church under 
■ the Direction of, and in co-operation with, the Parochial Clergy. 

ijt.) A Branch may be formed in a single Parish, or in. a Union of 
two or more Parishes, or in a Rural Deanery. 

(<T.) The Association shall comprise two divisions, one of men, 
the other of women members. 

(d.) A Member shall be admitted on the recommendation of the 
Incumbent of the Parish in which such Member resides, or of 
two Members of the Association ; and shall receive, on admis- 
sion, a card of Membership stating that his or her name has 
been entered on the Register of Churchworkers of the Diocese. 

There are now 316 enrolled Lay members. 

Communications shoald be addressed to Rev. W. Elliot, 
Brinsop Yicarage, Hereford. 


Was formed in 1882, in accordance with a resolution of the 
Diocesan Conference. The Members of the Association are 
encouraged to assist the general work of the Church by house 
to house visitation, teaching in Night Schools, giving encourage- 
ment to Workmen^s Clubs, holding Mission Services, and 
similar work. During the present year arrangements have 
been made for a course of Six Lectures, upon the following 
subjects: — 'Agnosticism, Paganism, Atheism, Pantheism, God 
not unknowable, a Christ not improbable.' There are now 
more than 600 enrolled Lay Helpers and 41 Lay Readers 
admitted to their office by the Bishop, and working with his 

Commnnications should be addressed to the Hon. 
Secretaries, Rev. J. H. Honeybume, 97 Mulgrave 
Street, Liverpool ; or W. Forshaw Wilson, Esq., 
26 Castle Street, Liverpool. 


The Inaugural Meeting of this Association took place on Nov. 25 
1886. There was a Celebration of the Holy Communion in the 
Cathedral at 7.30 a.m., and shortened Evensong at 7.16 p.m. 
1 The Meeting was held in the Cathedral School at 8 p.m., and 


<^aB Readers. 

Lay Helpers* Association — continued. 


there was a large attendance of Clergy and Lay workeis. The 
Bishop presided, and strongly recommended the Associfation as 
a means of mcreasing the number of Lay Helpers, getting for 
them anthoritative commission, and bringing them into a close 
and stronger union. 
The Report adopted by the Diocesan Conference was reail, the 
Committee appointed, and on the motion of the Dean it was 
unanimously resolved : * That this first Annual Meeting of the 
Diocesan Lay Helpers' Association pledges itself to biing the 
Association to the knowledge of the Churchworkers of the 
Diocese as a bond of union between all Lay workers, and of 
relationship between the Bishop and the parishes.* 

Information may be obtained from the Beit. J. M. Elvy, 
Honorary Secretary, Cathedral, Manchester. 

Bipon • . 


Was formed in 1880, with the object of giying gratuitous 
assistance to tlie Clergy in carrying on various branches of 
Church work on their invitation, and under their direction and 

The report recently presented to the Diocesan Conference shows 
that the Association is carrying on a most valuable work, by 
the holding of Mission Services in the most populous centres of 
the Diocese. 

Arrangements for testing the intellectual fitness of the Readers, 
by an examination in certain branches of Theological study, 
and the issue of the licence is dependent upon the result of 
the Candidate's passing. Associations have been formed in 
five Kural Deaneries, and there are now about 120 licensed 

From the date of the inauguration of the Society to the present 
time about 300 Members have been enrolled, of whom 100 
have received the Bishop's licence. 

Special arrangements have been made during the year in pur- 
suance of Resolutions of the Diocesan Conference for the 
Registration of all Church workers in the Diocese. The Consti- 
tution and Rules of the Association have been revised and 
issued with a commendatory letter from the Bishop. 

The Bishop has instituted an Annual Return by the parochial 
Clergy of the Lay workers in their parishes ; and it is hoped 
that in this way a thorough and systematic registration of all 
Church workers in the Diocese may be obtained. 

Communications should be addressed to the Hon. Sec- 
retary, Heniy Barker, Esq., Yorkshire Bank Chambers, 

St. David*! 


This Association is the outcome of the report of a committee of 
the Diocesan Conference, and its object is to unite communicant 
members of the Church in definite work for the Church, under 
the superintendence of the Bishop and the Clergy of the Dio- 
cese, such as to (1) undertake instruction classes for men or 
Bible classes for young men; (2) teach in the schools ;(S)' 

SaVi ^cabers. 


Lay Helpers' Association— <?<>w^tw?/«/. 


Lay Helpers' Association 

St. David's- 

sing in the choir ; (4) conduct or assist at children's services in 
schools or mission rooms ; (5) conduct cottage lectures or ser- 
vices in mission rooms ; (6) help to bring people to attend the 
services ; (7) read to the sick, and to make themselves gene- 
rally useful in renderinjj the Church efficient, and in carrying 
the Gospel of Christ by means of the Church to every inan's 

For particulars apply to the Rev. Dr. Walters, Llaii- 
samlet Vicarage, Swansea. 

Statistical Summary. — The following statement presents as accurately 
as possible the namber of Readers in each Diocese, acting nnder the 
licence or authority of the Bishop : 


No. of ij 
Readers i! 


No. of 

Canterbury . . . i 


LichfieM . . . . ! 73 | 



Lincoln . 


Durham . . . . | 


Liverpool . 

' 60 

Winchester . . . i 



46 ! 

Bangor .... 


1 Newcastle 

18 1 

J^ath and Wells . 






Peterborough . 


Chichester .... 




Chester .... 


Ilocliester . 


Exeier .... 


1 St. Alban's 




* Salisbury . 


Gloucester and Bristol 






Sodor and Man 


Llandaff .... 



1 64 


' These figures represent the uuruber liceofied iu the Diocese from tUe commencemeut of the adoption 
of this agency. 

XoTK. — OwUig to KTeral ctrcamrtances this list may not be absolutely exact as to numben in one or 
two diooeeeB, but it may otherwise be accepted as representing the present extent to which this agency 
U now made use of in the Church. 

VOBMS OF LICEITCE. — For the guidance of those seeking such 
infonnation, certain * Forms of Licence ' for Lay Beaders, adopted in 
different Dioceses, will be found in the Reference Section of the volume 
for 1886. 



The revival of spiritual life in the Church has naturally opened new 
fields of labour for those who would devote themselves to the service of 
Gt>d, and has directly tended to quicken the zeal of many who have 


i^f)uxcf) ^oxhexs' i^niibs. 

already been labouring for the extension of Christ's Kingdom. This 
being so, it has become the dntj of the Chnrch not only to direct, bat to 
keep alive the spirit of devotion by oflfering special opportunities for 
retirement and close communion with God ; it is impossible to over-rate 
the peculiar value of sach a provision, as the depth and permanence of all 
service offered to God must depend upon the measure of the hearths devo- 
tion and the habitual consecration of the life to Christ's service. We 
have endeavoured to obtain some information with regard to Ketreats 
and Devotional Gatherings for Lay persons — Communicants and Church- 
workers — and from the short records we are able to give, it is possible to 
judge of the character, though not of the extent of this work. It may 
be well shortly to draw attention to the Devotional Services for Sanday 
School Teachers which have systematically been held for three Lenten 
seasons in the Diocese of St. i^lbans. These services have been arranged 
at different fixed centres in the Diocese, conveniently chosen, and the 
attendance has not only been large, but increasing year by year. This 
example has been since followed in the Diocese of Manchester, and there 
is every encouragement to believe that the movement has proved exceed- 
ingly valuable. 

In treating of the subject of Guilds and such like Associations, it is 
extremely difficult at present to formulate any records which would present 
a comprehensive account of what is really being done. The number, 
variety, and objects of these Associations are so great that it is next to 
impossible to obtain or condense information regardiog them. It must 
suffice, therefore, shortly to describe the aim of those which have more 
or less a general and diocesan character. 


Diocese aud Place 

For whom 

By whom 

Subject of 

Numl)er " 



iwhere held. 




Bath k WeUs— 



Rev. D. M. 

Addresses on the 


Aug. 4, 


and others 

CI ax ton & 
Rev.W. E. 

coming Mission. 



CarUtt Park 


Rev. G. 


Subject not given. 


Apr. 15-17, 


Upper St. 

Laity gene- 

Rev. G. W. 

The Passion. 


Apr. 14-16, 




j Chich^'ter 


Rev. n. D. 

Penitence, Obe- 






dience, Mortili- 



cation, Devotion. 

Dnrliam — 

The Cathedral 


Rev. Canon 

The wilderness 


Aug. 31- 


wav as a picture 
of ^uman life. 


Bishop Auck- 


Rev. Canon 

Preparation for a 


Sep. 80, 

land, St. 






BlonOMter k 




On Parochial 

JTot given Oct. S8, 

Feb. 18, 


Ocl. 19, 

The ■ober, righ- 

Clner, St. 


(1) Thn value of 


I llainn'i™.!, ( 

Christ Church 
I generally 

XuebMMr— ■ 

LoDgKiKhl, SI. , Sundar 
Jobn'a { Scho'>i 

Rtadioc. Si. 

The Spiritna! life 
foaght b}- M- 

and helps; 

Workers I 
sod Com- I 

Eev, P. S. ' (1) Mowsei 
O'Biica : loileliveil)!. 

180 Apr. 9,18 


^l^ttrcl^ i^orfeers' i^xxilbs. 

Devotional Gathbrings for Lay Persons — continued 

Diocese and Place 


By wbom 

Subject of 



where held 

f VL Tff tlVUI 








do. ' The call of 


April 15, 





IJev. Canon 

The example of 


April 13, 



Christ in win- 


uing (1) men'H 
hearts, (2) their 


Boids,(d)in com- 

■ 1 


mending their 

souls to God. 

i 1 



Rev. Canon (H Our Lord's 

Maclear abiding sense of 

His Divine mis- 

i sion ; (2) His 
life of prayer in 
the midst of un- 

1 wearied activi- 
tv ; (3) His pa- 
tience in train- 

1 ingHisApostles. 


April 15, 
1886 1 





Rev. W. ; The Vision of 
Pankcridge! Isaiah. 


AprU 13. 


St. Albans*, The 


Rev. A. ; (1) The seed 


April 15, 


Williamson sown ; (2) The 


law of growth } ! 

(8) The fruit. 



Re\'. C. J. 

Our Blessed Lord 


April 15, 


as the Model | 


; Teacher. 


Chigwell Row 


Rev. W. ' Chrisdans in rc- 


Sep. 23, 24, 


Watson lation to their 

1886 1 


i inner life, to the 
Church, and the 
outer world. 




Buckhnrst Hill 


Rev. J. H. Life is to know 


March 12, 


Leiitei God. 




At Winchester 


The Arch- 

Subjects not 


Jan. 18-20 , 



bishop of 






Canterbury | 



Rev. C.Gore Subjects not , 


Sep. 10-13 

given. 1 



This is a voluntary Association of Guilds and similar societies of the Church of 
England, desiroos of helping each other in the furtherance of the good works whidi 
are set before them. 

The primary objects are to seek the glory of God, and to promote the exercise of 
love and goodwill towards men. 

The Union embraces all societies of men, women, and children, of the nature of a 
Guild, being members of the Church of England or of churches in communion there- 

No interference is intended with the autonomy of any society, and it 's not 
required of the members of the Guilds entering the Union to undertake obligatioi 8 
of any description, further than those already enjoined by their own instil utionSf 
except the remembrance of each other in their prayers. 

@l^urc]^ ^orfeers' (guilds. 127 

About two hundred Guilds have enrolled themselves in the Union, being but a 
small proportion of the hundreds or thousands of such societies which now exist 
througfnout the country. 

T^se bodies may be roughly divided into the following classes : 

1. Parochial or Local, for adults. 

2. Parochial or Local, for the young. 

3. Glass, for partiouls^ sections of society, professions, and trades. 

4. For Special Objects — ^as education, Christian burial, care of the sick, weak, or 

5. General, for all descriptions of labours of charity and religion, and not con- 
fined to any class or parish, 

A copy of the * Directory of the Churoh Guilds Union/ and other in- 
formation may be obtaihed of H. Mapleton Chapman, Hon. Secretary, 
General C.G.U., St. Martin's Priory, Canterbury. 

Special Guilds. — The following short notices should only be taken as 
descriptive of similar work, and not by any means as comprehensive of 
all such movements, for assisting the spiritual life and zeal of faithful 

The Vnivertity of Oxford.—* The Guild of the Holy Trinity * was founded in 1844 
for the members of the Unirersity, offering them opportunities, from time to time, 
for prayer, meditation, and instruction. l£ere are at present over 270 members. 

The University of Cambridge.—* The Guild of the Holy Trinity ' was founded in 
1 857 for the members of the University. There are now about 400 members who meet 
periodically for devotional exercises and mutual intercourse, upon subjects relating 
to the individual and corporate life of the Church. 

The Army. — • The Guild of the Holy Standard ' was formed In 1873 with the approval 
of the Chaplain-General. Its object is to set forth In the Army * the faith of Jesus 
Christ as taught by the Church.' It alms at promoting a higher tone of life, especially 
as regards courage, temperance, purity, and manliness, and of exercising an influence 
for good among young soldiers. The total number on the muster roll is about 1,400. 
The means by which the Guild tries to gain these objects are : — By requiring that all its 
members and associates shall be regular Communicants. By individual as well as 
united prayer for God's blessing on the GoUd, and by the observance of a simple rule 
of life. By the formation of branches of the Guild in every garrison where British 
soldiers are quartered, and on active service. By regular meetings both for devo- 
tional and business purposes, the better to encourage one another in the work. By 
establishing Guild Libraries in connection with the branches, for the supply of litera- 
ture of a l^lthy and moral tone. The Guild is wide in its operations, extending to 
all parts of the globe where the military are quartered. 

Communications should be made to the Secretary- Greneral, Major G. E. 
Wyndham Malet, Junior United Service Club, S.W. 

The Medical Profession.—* The Guild of St. Luke ' was founded In 1864. The 
object of it is to promote and defend the Catholic Faith, especially amongst 
members of the Medical Profession, by (a) Frequent and regular Communions. 
(ft) Intercessory prayer. (<?) Personal influence and example, {d) Promotion of 
works of mercy. The Guild consists of students and practitioners of medicine, being 
communicants of the English branch of the Church Catholic. All the officers and 
members of the council are elected annually. The council coosibts of the provost, vicc- 
provost, warden, treasurer, secretary, and seven other members. The annual meeting 
and Mrvice are held on St. Luke's Day or within the octave. Nomination papers and 
every information will be gladly supplied by the officers : — 

GSOBaa CowiLL, F.B.C.8., ProvoH, 3 Cavendish Place, Cavendish Square, W. 
Dr. Culver Jame8, Secretary ^ 11 Marloes Koad, Keiis\ti%\.oi:\,\\. 

128 '^^utc^ perfects' t^uilbs. 

The Bailway Service.— The * Guild of the Holy Cross ' was fonnded in 1872 for 
the purpose of uniting different members in the railway servioe in endeavoon to 
further their spiritual life. 


Union of Chnroh Workers and Commnnieantf .^This Society was formed, and 
encouraged under the direction of the late Archbishop of Canterbniy, ' that those 
who are engaged in various branches of Church work in the Diooese may be 
encouraged by the direct recognition) and sanction of their Bishop, and affoided 
opportunities of meeting together. That by afisociation on Christian principles, 
the good resolutions and spiritual life of other members of the Church may be 
deepened and strengthened, particularly at the season of their Confirmation.' 

In fulfilment of the objects of this Union meetings are held from time to 
time in the Diocese, at which various subjects touching upon the work of the 
Church are fully discussed, whilst services are also proWded with the design of 
encouraging the devotional life of Communicants and Churchworkers. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. R. Ffrench-Blake, The 
Rectory, Staple, or the Rev. Canon Knollys, The Rectory, Wrotham. 


Diocesan Commnnieants' Onilds Union. — There are now twenty Goilda which 
have joined this Union, the object of which is to bind Communicants together for 
holiness, work, and prayer. As opportunity has been given, the members of the 
Union have met together in the Cathedral and other places, for devotional 
exercises and for united counsel upon various branches of Chnroh work. The 
movement has received the fullest encouragement from the Bishop, and there 
are indications that much good has already resulted. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. C. B. Maude, Vicar of 
Wilnecote, Tamworth. 


The object of * The Chnrch Society,* which has been established in the Diocese 
of Truro for some years, is to help those who have been confirmed and are com- 
municants to keep steadfast in the faith, and to persevere in a holy and consistent 
Christian life. 

There are three rules of membership :— I. To be a regular oommnnicant of 
the Church. II. To undertake some definite work in the Church. UL To use 
daily the prayer of the Society. 

The work of the Society has !been inaugurated in about 40 parishes in the 
Diocese, and the total number of members exceeds 1,200. 

The parochial meetings of the Society are generally held monthly, in some 
parishes more frequently. 

The Society's manual has been recently revised under the direction of the 

Gommnnications should be addressed to the Rev. E. Townaend, St 
John's Vicarage, Penzance. 



Among the many inflaences which are at work to hinder the spread of 
Chrisdanitj there are none more fruitful of injury than the designs now 
so widely and cruellj made in many quarters to undermine the faith of 
those who have embraced the teaching of the Church of their Baptiam* 

@^nsHan ^vibence JlQcncics. 129 

Whether or not scepticism, in its several phases, is on the increase, it is 
still prevalent enongh to arouse, on the part of the Church, a very definite 
effort to meet these attacks from unbelieving men. The Clergy them- 
selves are, no doubt, the best judges as to the means which should be used 
to check this force of evil in their parishes, yet there is still need that 
means of a more general character should be used through the agencies 
of societies distinctly devoting themselves to this branch of Church work. 
The reader may form some idea of what is being done from the following 
brief reports. It may be interesting to add that special attention has been 
given to this subject by the Committee of the Oxford House, in Bethnal 
Green, and the series of papers the Committee is issuing upon religious sub. 
jects, written for working-men, has already proved successful in counteract- 
ing the spread of infidelity among the artisan class in the East of London. 


This Society has for some years past naturally and actively turned its 
attention to the necessity of grappling with the prevalent scepticism of 
the present day, and has successfully counteracted much of this great evil 
by the publication of a most valuable series of manuals in support of 
Christian evidence. It may be well to give here the following short ex- 
tracts from recent reports of the Society, representing its action in this 
important department of Church work to the present date. 

The Committee have not published during the year any new work. Their 
attention was drawn, as mentioned in the last report, to the necessity of doing 
something to meet the spread of infidelity in India. After a considerable correspon- 
dence with the Indian Episcopate as to the best means of meeting the evil, the 
Committee came to the conclusion that no special class of evidential publications 
was needed for the purpose. 

Acting upon the recommendation of the Indian Bishops, the Committee suggested 
to the Standing Committee the advisability of seeking authority from the Society to 
distribute free grants of the Society's Evidential Publications to the various educa- 
tional institutions in India. The Standing Committee proposed that 2001. worth of 
books should be appropriated for this purpose, and a grant to this amount was made 
by the General Meeting in April last. 

The appropriation of the grant up to date has been as follows : — 

The Bishop of Colombo, on behsdf of the Principal of the Bishop's College High 
School for Girls ; Mrs. C. Smith, Queen's College, Kandy ; Rev. P. Marks, Church of 
England Mission, Buona Vista, Galle; Rev. G. T. Fleming, Chundikoli, Jaffna, 
Ceylon ; Rev. B. N. Hodges, Trinity College, Kandy ; Rev. E. F. Miller, St. Thomas's 
College, Colombo; Rev. E. M. Griffith, Nellore, Jaffna, North Ceylon; Rev. J. H. 
Ballivant» High School, V§pery ; Rev. J. A. Sharrock, Caldwell College, Tuticorin ; 
Kev. H. G. Goldsmith, C.M.S. Theological College, Madras ; Rev. F. H. Reichardt, 
S.P.G. Theological College, Madras; Rev. W. H. Blake, S.P.G. College, Tanjore ; Rev. 
E. Keyworth, C.M.S. Institurion, Palamcotta ; Rev. H. Schaffter, C.M.S. College, 
Tinnevelly ; Rev. H. A. Williams, S.P.G. College, Trichinopoly ; Rev. W. G. Peel, 
Noble College, Masulipatam ; The Bishop of Rangoon (for distribution among various 
institutioDs in the Diocese of Rangoon) ; Rev. H. Robinson, Bishop Cotton's School, 
Simla ; Rev. P. S. Smith, Oxford Mission, Calcutta. 

The total value of grants thus made was 66Z. 10«. 9d. 

Letters of thanks have been received acknowledging the good effects likely to 
follow the action of the Conmiittee. 

All communications should be addressed to the Bev. Edmund McCIure, 
Editorial Secretary, S.P.C.K., Northumberland Avenue. 

^^vislian <§mbence llgenci^s. 


Oloesti uid OoBititatian of tha Booiet;.— The ChriBtian Evidence Societ/, fonnded 

about Hiiteen yearaftgo. to meet and repel the incioBainglyaggreMivemfidetitrof tba 
times, is cot a distinctively Obucch of England Society, tor it was originated, and 
lias been since carried on uid sapported by earnest men of many Christian denomi- 

Iti Oparationi.— The chief departments of the Bodcty's operations are as foUo ws : — 

1. CoDlerencea and other meetings, sermons in churches, tio., and lectures in 
schoolrooms, halls, Cbnrch institutes, kc., in various Dioceses. 

2. Out-door lectures in parks, commons, and crowded open spaces of London and 
its Buburba ; these and indoor lectures are followed by discussion. 

3. Classes for instruction of young people in Christian evidences, followed by 
examinations ; suooessf al candidates receive prices and certificates. 

4. The publication of books and tracts which deal with the carreot objections oF 
Atheists, Pantheists, and Sceptics in a thorough but popular manner. 

6. Receiving and giving information on doubts and dlScultiea, and on the 
liCaratate of Christian evidence, involving freqnent interviews and correspondence 
with Boeptics and inquirers. 

Taking these In order, the work of the past year may now be briefly given. 

I. LMtnrM and SmBOU have been giveuduring 1881^86 in the following plaoM: — 
(a) 7a XMtdpn: — Barking Road, Bamsbury, Rattcriea I'ark Road, Bayswatcr, Black- 
JrUrs, Betboal Qreen, Bow, Bread Street, lirompton Road, Camden Town. Camber- 
well, Cheapside, Cbiswiek, Deptford, Drury Lane, Ealing, Eastcheap. Finsbnry Park, 
Fonndling Hospital, Oresham Street, Hampetoad, Highbury, Kentiiih Town, KingB- 
land, I.ambeth. Llmehonse. Old fitreet St. Lake's, Plaistow, PiooadiUy, Quebec 
Chapel, Savlll Bow, Regent Street, Shortlanrls, St. Paul's Cburcbyard, Stepney, 
Stoke Newington. Westminster, Wandsworth, Whitechapel, Woolwich, (b) In the 
Protineei :— Belfast, Boumcmoalh, Carlisle, Dublin. Ely. Exeter. Folkestone, Ola^ow, 
Hull, Lancaster, Leeds, Londonderry, Slaidi'tone, Manchester. Honkstown, Oldham, 
Orford, Plymouth, Redhill, Scarborough, Shrewsbury, Sutton, Wakefield, Welling' 
borough, Whitehaven, Wigan. (o) In Paris. 

It IS believed, and in many c: 
been productive of great good, 

n. Open-air Leoturei.^On account of the inclement weather and short daysof 
the winter months, the outdoor loctorlng takes place from March to October (both 
inclusive), and the following tabulated report exhibits the number of these lectures 
during the years 188G and]886, given at localities in the Diocesesof London, Rochester, 
St. Albans, Exeter, and Peterborough. 

3 known, that these sermons and lectures havB 




Albert Kmbankment, S.E. . 

m 18 

I'eckiuini Rye, S.E. 



26 . 27 

Pimlico Pier. B.W. , 


Bemiondscv Church (Outride 

36 IS 

nuistow, E 


Pulpit). S.E. 

Plymouth, Tlie Friary Green . 


Betlinal Oroen Road, E. 


It^cnt's Park, N.W. . 



Canning Town. R, . 


tit. ranoras Itnilway Arches, 



Chiswick. Messr». Thorny- 



croft's Workh 

Bidlalfields, Hf. Stephen's, E. . 


Clapham Common. 8.W. 

Stoka Ncwington Green, N. . 


Clerkenwell Green, B.C. 



Ktreathani Common, 8,W. 


Hackney, Columbia Koail, E. 


Victoria Park, E. . . 



Hyde I-ark, W, . . . 



Walham Green, B.W. . 



Ditto, Special Mission 


Wellingborough, Bmnd Green 


Kensal Green, W. . 



^Vhitecbapol Church, Outaido 





Pulpit, E. 

KingElaud Green, K. . 



Mile End, The Waste, E. . 





^^rtsfian ^mbence Jlg^cies. 131 

Tracts and handbills distributed at open-air stations alone in 1886, 75,800. 

On these oocasions (as also generally in the case of indoor lectures) discussion is 
allowed at the close of the lecture. The special mission near the Marble Arch, Hyde 
Park, has been singularly useful. Crowds have attended the lectures evening after 
evening. The impression is known to have been both widespread and lasting. 
Wanderers into bypaths of doubt and infidelity have been arrested, opponents have 
been silenced, and not a few have renounced their unbelief. 

m. CUsset and Examinations.— The classes in preparation for examination are 
certainly not the least valuable or instructive part of the Society's work. The oflfer 
of prizes and certificates has done much to encourage the study of works which have 
directly strengthened Christian faith. The number of students is unknown ; but on 
the last occasion 14.3 were examined, and 15 prizes were awarded. 

lY. literature. — ^The publications of the Society liave a large circulation. Much 
more, however, might be done in this field, especially in the production of short 
tracts, written in a popular style by men of ability, were not the hands of the Com- 
mittee tied by the smallness of the income entrusted to their diargc. 

y. Centre of InformatioB. — Great benefit arises from the existence of a centre, to 
which can go both those who are in doubt and perplexity for themselves or for 
those dear to them, and those who, having studied the evidences in the painful 
school of earnest inquiry, have found light to beam on their own dark path, and are 
anxious to help others still in gloom. Most valuable work is effected by correspon- 
dence and interviews; many persons seek the counsel offered by those who are 
engaged in this specially responsible part of the Society's operations. The Clergy 
often seek and obtain information respecting books on special subjects for their own 
study, or for recommendation to inquirers and doubters. 

Those wisbing to assist this important branch of Church work bj their 
offerings or personal service will receive every information on applying 
to the Secretary, who will also gladly suggest, if requested to do so, the 
names of Clergy and laymen willing to preach or lecture upon Christian 
Evidences. Office, 13 Buckingham Street, Strand. 

C. Lloyd Engstrom, M.A., Secretary, 



This Scholarship, of the value of 50/. or 60/. a year, will be awarded on an 
examination of candidates, and may be held on residence at one of the Universities 
of Oxford, Cambridpre. Dublin, or Durham for two years, and for a further term of 
one year by a candidate, otherwise duly qualified, who intends to take Holy Orders. 

Candidates for election must be of the ajre of eighteen, and not more than twenty, 
and resident, or havinj? their home, or be sons of a parent resident or having a home, 
in the Diocese of Liverpool for three years next preceding the time of examination. 
Members of any university are disqualified. 

Forms of application hy candidates and further information may he 
ohtained from J. Oamon, Esq., 53 Lord Street, Liverpool. 



This Quild was established in the year 1877. It owes its origin to a few 
communicants of the Church of St. Matthew, Bethnal (Jrcen, from which it took its 

Ita objects are as follows :— To get rid, by every possible means, of the existing 
prejudices, especially on the part of * Secularists,' against the Church — her Sact«ai«u\A 


»32 ^^tislian ^vib^nce Jlgettcics. 

and doctrines; and to endeavoar 'to justify God to the people.' To promote fre- 
quent and reverent worship in the Holy Communion, and a better observance of the 
teaching of the Church of England as set forth in the Book of Common Prayer. To 
promote the study of social and political questions in the light of the Incarnation. 

The Secretary of the Gaild, from whom all informaiioD may be ob- 
tained, is Mr. Frederick Yerinder, 5 Goldsmith Sqoare, Stoke Newing- 
ton, London, N. 



The spiritaal care of soldiers, sailors, and emigrants is a subject to which 
the Church has given careful and increasing attention. 

With regard to the Army, by the kindness of the Ghaplain.Cleneral 
we are able to give a summary of the iustrnctions issued to the Chaplains 
at the several military dep6ts, from which Churchmen will be able to 
gather how thorough are the efforts being made to minister to those who 
have such great claims upon the Church's sympathy and labours. 

The Chaplain of the Fleet has been good enough to furnish a state- 
ment of work carried on throughout the several departments of the Navy, 
and by the goodness of others we are able to show what provision is 
made for the great seafaring population engaged in trading and fishing. 

The enormous increase of population in England has naturally given 
rise to continual emigration, and the possession of such important interest 
in the colonies must lay upon the Church at home a great responsibility 
to contribute by pecuniary support, and personal service, to widen and 
build up the Church in these distant lands. One of the most encouraging 
records of Church life and progress during the last quarter of a century 
or more is found in the growth of the Colonial Church ; what ia specially 
needed now is sonic systematic provision for connecting those who leave 
our shores, with the ministry of the Church in the country where they 
seek their new home. 


Staff of Clergy.— The number of clergy allowed on the Active List of Chaplain!^ 
in the Fleet is 100, and it only temporarily, for short intervals, falls below its full 
strength. The number of males to whom they minister is normally abont 60,00(). 
besides the families of offiocrs and men belonging to certain of the shore establish- 
ments. The estimates for 1886-87 provide for 61,400 officers, seamen (including boys), 
and marines ; and for 18,325 naval reserve officers and men during the course of their 
drill in H.M. ships. 

Beligiooi DeBominations.— The percentages of seamen and marines belonging to 
different religious denominations were by the last returns : Church of England, 74*8 ; 
Boman Catholics, 107 ; Wesleyans, 7*5 ; Presbyterians, 3*4 ; other Protestants, 2*6 ; 
Blbiuddists, &c., 10. 

The Offleial Begulationi relating to the work of the Church in the Royal Naty 
were given in the Tear- Book for 1884. Some improvements have been sinoe intro- 
duced and an increase in the number of hymn-books allowed, especially those for the 

^orlfe among gJeamcn— ^ogal ^a^s* '33 

use of the choirs. A manual of selections from the Book of Common Prayer for use 
on week days on board ships without chaplains has been prepared by the Chaplain of 
the Fleet, and approved by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Considerable improve- 
ment has been made in the state of the chapels of the Naval Establishments during 
the last few years, and in the services, most of the congregations providing themselves 
with a surpliced choir. 

A link uniting the Naval Clergy with General Church Organisation has been 
created by the Admiralty's sanction to their obtaining licence as public preachers or 
general authority to officiate in the dioceses where they may be stationed. They may 
thus become members of ruri-decanal chapters. 

ConflrmatioiLi. — The Bishops of these dioceses have increasing work every year 
in the confirmation of candidates prepared by the naval clergy. These candidates 
were reported in 1883 as being 1,20G, in 1884 as 1,526, in 1886 as 1,604, and m 1886 
as 1,928. This shows an increase of 722 over those presented four years ago, 
the total number during the four years being 6,264. Equally great care has b^n 
taken in the preparation of candidates, and the increase is owing in a great measure 
to the more frequent confirmations, viz., half-yearly in several of the training-ships. 
The numbers presented in the different dioceses during the year ending Augpist 31, 
1886, were : Canterbury 17, Rochester 101, Winchester 467, Salisbury 160, Exeter 863, 
Truro 320 ; total 1,928. In the course of preparation 67 adult baptisms took place. 

XltaioBary Ageneiai. — No special and separate branches in connection with 
MissioDary Societies, or Temperance and Purity movements, have "been organised in 
the Royal Navy as Church work. The aim has rather been to lead those serving in 
the Fleet to join local associations of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 
the Church of England Temperance Society, and the Church of England Purity 
Society; many naval officers take an active share in the administration of these 
Societiee, and temporary branches are worked on board many ships. 

Fall accounts have been given in previous Tear-Books of the two Church 
Societies for specially assisting the work of the Church in the Royal Navy, the Naval 
Church Society, and the Royal Naval Scripture Readers' Society. Both continue 
their work as hitherto with little change. 

The IfaTal Chureh Soeiety. — Objects: 'To promote godly living in the Royal 
Navy, and to afford means of union and intercourse among members and associates 
of the Society.' Hon. Secretary : Rev. F. J. Matthews, H.M.S. * St. Vincent,* Ports- 
mouth ; Magazine : * The Church Pennant/ Hon. editor, Rev. C. E. York, Greenwich 
Hoepital School. Number of members and associates, 514. At the last annual 
meeting the prayers of the S.P.G., C.E.T.S., and C.E.P.S., were inserted in the manual, 
and this Society may be considered the naval organisation through which the great 
Church Societies can best reach the seamen and marines of the Fleet. 

The Eoyal Ifaval Scripture Readers' Society. — Object : to provide Scripture 
readers for the Royal Navy and Royal marines, the work being carried on under the 
sanction of the officers in command and under the superintendence of the chaplains. 
Office : 4 Trafalgar Square. Secretary : Rear-Admiral H. Campion, C.B. Income 
for last year, 1,593/. 

The most urgent need at present felt is to provide well-regulated lodgings and 
rooms for seamen when on shore on leave abroad. The old Sailors' Homes in the 
English seaports and Miss Weston's more modem Rests have done much, but there 
is a great opening for the Church in aiding similar undertakings in harbours abroad 
frequented by men-of-war. During the past year the importance of this in a religious 
point of view has been fully recognised, and promising efforts been set on foot in 
several xx>rt8. 


TwelTO Boadstead Xiaaions. — It was in 1835 that a volunteer clergyman originated 
in Penarth Roads, on the coast of Glamorganshire, in the Bristol Channel, the taking 
of the Qospel on board wind-bound ships in the outer anchorages at a distance from 
the land. Hasardous though this duty is in inclement weather and strong tideways. 
It is now faithfully done by the Siissions to Seanien chaplains and readers^ day \^^ 

134 %^e 'fissions to teamen ^ocieifi. 

day, ab all seasons throaghout the year, in the twelve principal roadsteads around 
our stormy shores. Five main points are aimed at when on board ship, vis. — 
(1) Divine worship and its continuation throaghout the voyage, for which purpose 
* Forms of Prayer for use at Sea ' are left on b<Mi,rd ; (2) Sale of the Holy Scriptures 
and Book of (Common Prayer; (3) Temperance work; (4) Enrolment as mission 
helpers of captains and officers who wish to carry on at sea some work for God ; 
(5) Supplying the forecastles with literature for the voyage. In Crork Harbour, for 
example, the chaplains have sold on board ship 28,450 Bibles, in twenty-four lan- 
guages, and Prayer-books in the last twenty-five years, besides what was given away. 
In Falmouth Koads 2,371 ships were visited last year, and 425 services held with 
their crews. In Portland Roa<ls 323 total abstaining seamen were enrolled after 
worship on board ship. From Penarth Roads 1,355 ships carried to sea bags of reading 
or parcels of literature in their forecastles. And so on in other roadsteads. 

Ten Misiion Yaehts. — Originally a sailing church-ship was employed to go from 
fleet to fleet, on boanl which the better disposed seamen assembled by signal for 
worship. But this did not reach all the crew, who consist of bad as well as good 
men, of all denominations, heathen as well as Christian, and of many nationalities. 
It was subsequently found best for the chaplain to officiate separately to each crew 
on board their several ships. The mission yachts for this purpose are smaller than 
the original ' Eiren^,' but are good sea-boats able to go out in any weather in which 
it would be safe to board a rolling ship. Of the ten mission yachts, two are propelled 
by steam. Funds are being raised for a much needed new steam mission vesJsel to 
board the ships of many nations in Belfast Lough. The present Archbishop of 
Armagh has received 500/. toward this purpose from the late Mr. Conway Dobbs, 
formerly an officer in the Royal Navy. 

In the course of the year 1885 a new cliaplaincy was established on the Medway, 
to minister afloat from Tonbridge to the Nore. The chaplain supplied himself with 
a small auxiliary power steamboat for boarding the ships and baiges in the various 
reaches of the river. But in heavy weather her steam |x>wer was found insufficient 
to drive her against wind and tide, and funds are lieing sought to provide this 
chaplaincy with a more powerful vessel. The sailing mission vessels on the Bristol 
Channel and in Portland Roa<ls have undergone extensive repairs. Owing to the 
absence of a harbour at Deal, the chaplain for the Downs has to be conveyed in an 
open boat to the ships sheltering in that anchorage. Besides the mission yachts, a 
mission ship and thirty-one boats are employed by the Mission agents. 

The Doek Missions. — As the ships enter the inner harbour and docks it is most 
important to have special chaplains and readers ready to board the vessels immediately 
on their arrival and to minister to them during the brief period of their detention on 
shore. On Whit Monday, 1885, the Bishop of Durham opened a new church with a 
spacious institute beneath, at South Shields, for the crews on the Tyne. ' Surely,* 
said the Bishop, ' if ever a building was needed for the preaching of the Gospel and 
the worship of Almighty God, it is needed in cases like this. If Christ's love con- 
strain us anywhere it must constrain us here. The spiritual wants of seamen ought 
to be our first and foremost care.' Funds are being raised for a similar dual edifice 
at Newport, Mon., and at Sunderland. The Mission House at Hull, placed at the 
disposal of The Missions to Seamen chaplain and his staff, by Mr. C. H. Wilson, 
M.P.t was burnt down in 1885; but that gentleman has since built a much finer 
institute for the same purpose. Besides the constant visitation of sailors* boarding- 
houses, public-houses, and ships, worshipping facilities exclusively for sailors are 
provided at many ports. Notwithstanding the frequent changes in the individual 
worshippers as sailors go off to sea, there were upwards of 10,000 attendances of 
seamen alone at week-day services at Cardiff last year ; 8,886 at Bristol ; and an 
average attendance of 20 to 30 seagoing men, frequently changing, attended the 
morning service daily throughout the year at each of the other ports furnished with 
a special Seamen's Church, with larger numbers at evening worshij), and full churches 
on Sundays. 

Though so many sailors were out of work and of wages, they contributed during 
the year to the weekly offertory at the Missions to Seamen Churches at Swansea, 
143/. ; at Bristol, 118Z. ; on the Tyne, 125/. ; at Cardiff, 92/., and so on* 

A new chaplaincy, long urged, was established last year on the Tees, and a misBion 
room kindly lent for the crews at Middlesboroug^. An additional readership was 

^]^e 'fissions io teamen g^ociefp. 135 

foimcled for the Port of Saiiderland, where a chaplain and another reader much need 
a better chmch and institnte. The Archbishop of Dublin took a personal part in a 
aemrice on the Liffey, and the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol confirmed forty-two 
seamen and bojs presented by the Missions to Seamen chaplain at Bristol. 

Deep Sea ICiiiioni. — The negation of worship which obtains in too many British 
merchant ships is a modem innovation. To restore the ancient cnstom of the sea as 
to Sunday if not daily worship also, ought to be a sted&st aim. There are 38,000 
British merchant ships, not one of which carries a chaplain. But 661 captains, 
of&oers, and seamen act as volunteer helpers on the seas, witnessing a good confession 
for God amongst their shipmates, and striving to promote godly living on boaid. 
Enoonnged and gnided by the chaplains, the influence of these devout men spreads 
the C9mrch*8 teac&ngs over every sea. For example, the chaplain of Bristol Harbour 
reports that his staff of volunteer workers on board ship now reaches nearly 100. 
Information is continually being received of their good work in all parts of the 
world. Upwards of 200 seamen now on the high seas have received the Holy Com- 
munion in this one little church before leaving home. 

Deep Sea Tisliermen. — ^When absent from their homes a special agency is needed 
to minister to Fishermen. English and Manx fishermen are ministered to by the 
diaplains on the Irish coast. Scotch fishermen are cared for on the east coast of 
England, and the chief fishing stations have long had spiritual provision made for 
them. The chajJain for the Humber and the reader at Lowestoft again paid visits to 
the Korth S^ fishing fieets. Fourteen smacks of the Lowestoft fishing fieet carry 
the Missions to Seamen flag in the North Sea, showing that their skippers and mates 
are authorised Church helpers, conducting divine woiship on board for the other 
crews, when weather permits, at least on Sundays, under the guidance of the honorary 
chaplain at Lowestoft. Margate and Whitstable were reoccupied last year by a 
reader to minister to the fishermen and coasters of those places. 

X^ Bojal Ifavy. — Chaplains and honorary chaplains conduct daily prayers on 
board H.M. drill ships: 'Dosdalus,' at Bristol; 'Durham,' at Sunderland; and 
' Castor,* at North Shields. Readers assist the naval chaplains at Portsmouth, Malta, 
Lisbon, and Japan, &c. The tone of men-of-war's men towards religion has under- 
gone a great change since the fonndation of the Missions to Seamen in 1856. The 
annual average ratio of deaths in the ten years 185&-C5 was 15-88 per thousand. 
whilst for the ten years 1875-84 it was 9*59. Improved moral habits have combined 
witii sanitary reform to this longevit3^ 

Canal Xen. — Canal men and bargemen on the Thames, the Mersey, the Humber, 
the Tjue, the Avon, and the Medway continue to welcome the chaplains and readers 
on board their little craft. Those on the Medway have had this year the additional 
care of a chimlain appointed to this estuary, 

Yoreign Seamen in British Ports. — A large proportion of the crews of British 
foreign-going ships are foreigners, and large numbers of foreign ships frequent our 
harbours, and require the Church's care, whilst in 104 ports abroad seabosurd clergy 
have engaged to look out for British seamen, so far as they can, and to admit them 
to their churches. A list of these sailors' friends and Sunday services is pasted into 
the books supplied to crews going abroad. 

Thrifty Seamen. — The Board of Trade Returns show that in the thirty years inter- 
vening between the foundation of the Missions to Seamen in 1856 and now, t^e annual 
deposits in the Merchant Seamen's Savings Bank have increased six-fold, to 68,926/. in 
1886; and seamen's money orders in the United Kingdom nearly threefold, to 
382,831/., and from abroad fivefold since 1866, to 64,882/. ; whilst seamen transmitted 
wages home on paying-off to the amount of 186,546/. last year. 

Sales of Bibles and Prayer-books. — 34,772 Bibles, in twenty-four languages, and 
Prayer-books were sold to seafaring men at thirty-six seaports in the last six years, 
besides many thousand Portunu and second-hand copies given away. 

Literature on the Seas.— 8,841 ships sailed from port last year with library boxes 
or bags of reading in their forecastles, besides 4,363 other vessels with parcels of 
literature. In all, about three-quarters of a million of publications were placed on 
board shipe, fishing-vessels, and barges last year. 

Abetainiag Seamen. — There were 61,681 seagoing men pledged to total absti- 
nence from intoxicating drinks by the Missions to Seamen branch of ih« CYkXxtO^ 

of England Temperance Society during the last seven years. This individaalising 
work has separated the men from vicioos companionships, strengthened the brott^r- 
hood with the workers, and added largely to the seamen's congregations and to the 

Emigrant and Passenger Ships. — The chaplains in ports along the south of 
England organise services, schools, kc, and plaice books, &c., on board emigrant and 
passenger ships bomid to distant colonies, and minister to the passengers on boaxd 
just before their departure from our shores. 

The Mission Staflf. — The Mission staff now employed consists of 2 ezperienoed 
clerical superintendents, who from time to time visit the 60 stations, 24 <^ffpVTr% 
41 readers, and 5 paid lay-helpers. Valuable services are also rendered to seamen, 
fishermen, and bargemen by those of the 70 honorary chaplains who take part In Uio 
work, and by the 661 captains, officers, and seamen, who act as helpers or associates 
for the furtherance of the Gospel on board their ships, as well as by large numbers 
of local friends, acting under the guidance of the chaplains. The income for 1885 
was 23,807/. 6s. 6d., towards which 736 churches kindly contributed offertoriee. 

Gommanications should be addressed to Commander W. Dawsoxii R.N., 
Secretary, 11 Backingham Street, Strand, London, W.C. 


The Beport for 1885 shows that the extended work referred to last year had been 
satisfactorily and efficiently carried out, and some additional grants had been made 
to new stations. The receipts of the year were less than the previons one, when 
some large donations and a legacy of 1,0002. had been receiired. The supply of 
books was well kept up, and, in addition to several hundreds of libraries supplied 
free, large quantities of service books, magazines, kc, had been distribnted on board 
ship, and sent to foreign stations. The principle on which the Mission was f6anded 
has been strictly adhered to. Grants were made to incumbents of waterside 
parishes to provide curates to work among their seafaring parishioners, generally on 
the recommendation of the Bishop of the Diocese. 

Part of London. — The work was most efficiently carried out in all the dock 
parishes, viz. : — London, Millwall, Victoria, Royal Albert, Surrey Oommeroial, and at 
Tilbury and Gravesend. Money grants amounting altogether to 8652. were made 
to the various incumbents, and in addition 1742. was locally raised, making the 
amount expended in the Port of London over 1,0002. The total amoont received in 
offertories from the Diocese of London was 207. Eleven clergy visit the ships, and 
at the mission-churches at (>ravesend and Tilbury very satisfactory efforts were 
made to secure the attendance of the waterside population. Both daily and Sondaj 
Kchools have been well attended. About 5002. worth of books were snpplied free 
to the various stations. 

Home Stations. — llie Liverpool Branch has been steadily making way. The 
mission-room is well attended, and the visitation of ships and seamen ashore 
carefully attended to. This important branch does not receive the local support to 
which it is entitled. 

Great Orimthy. — The mission work amongst the North Sea fishermen, which for 
many years has been aided by the Mission, showed considerable increase in the 
attendance of fishermen at the mission-room. 5,267 visits were made, and 656 bags 
of books given to the smacks. The Vicar needs greatly a mission-smack to help vint 
the fleet, and an effort is being made to secure one. 

Sharpness Docks, Gloucester. — The work at this branch has been steadily carried 
on, and the usual grant made to the Vicar. 

Hastings. — On the application of the Rector of All Saints, Hastings, recommended 
by the Bishop of Chichester, the conmiittee were glad to be able to make a grant 
towards the interesting work carried on amongst the fishermen in connection with 
this parish. 

Brimham. — The Committee contiimed their grant to this most important and 
interesting Mission, where the Rev. J. Stallard continues his earnest and sucoeufnl 
work amongst the fishermen. 

g»f. ^nbvcm^s '^aietsibe 'fission. 137 

Dmeonpart, — Grants were made to the Incumbent of St. Mary's and St. Paul's for 
work among Uie fishermen. 

Foreign Statloni. — Grants of money were made to Port Said, Pemambuco, Corfu, 
Aden, Bombay, Hong Kong, Galatz and Sulina, Palermo, Constantinople, Belize, Syra, 
Genoa, Dieppe, Odessa, Newfoundland, and Labrador. 

P&rt Said, — The Chaplain at this port, the Rev. F. W. Strange, in addition to his 
work ashore, has visited the ships passing through the Canal. A money grant of 
100^ was made by the Mission, in addition to a large supply of books, magazines, &c., 
which were sent out and distributed by him on board ship. The Church and 
Hospital, it is hoped, will be completed by the close of 1886. 

Newfoundland, — A grant was made to the Bishop of Newfoundland for the new 
Mission in Labrador, of which he reports most favourably. A large quantity of 
warm clothing was sent out to various stations and most gratefully received by the 
poor fisher-people. 

Smigratiim. — In conjunction with the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge 
the Mission has paid special attention to this most important work ; ships have been 
regularly visited at the ports of departure, service and other books provided, farewell 
services held, and in many cases letters of commendation g^ven to emigrants 
desiring to be put in communication with the colonial Clergy. 

All oommanicaiionB should be addressed to Mr. W. Evan Franks, 
Secretary, 65 Fenchurch Street, London, E.G. 


Since 1844 the Society has ministered to the spiritual necessities of the vast fluc- 
tuating population on the Thames, consisting of seamen, fishermen, bargemen, 
steamboat-men, kc. Services are held on board Troop, Emigrant, and Passenger 
Ships, Screw and Sailing Colliers, and every description of vessel ; also in Mission 
and Beading Rooms in the Docks. Three Clergymen and twenty>two Lay Missionaries 
constitute the Missionary staff in the Port of London. The Mission undertakes the 
sale of Scriptures to British and Foreign Seamen, and the distribution of religious 
literature as circumstances permit. * Sailors' Library Bags,* filled with interesting 
and profitable books, are suspended for the use of crews. 

The Chaplains hold services on board the * Worcester,* nautical training college 
for young men intended for officers in the merchant service ; also (with weekly 
classes) on the Training Ships * Arethusa,* 'Chichester,* and * Cornwall.' 

The field of labour on the Thames extends from Ptitney Bridge to the Nore Light 

Smigration. — For the past forty-two years the Thames Church Mission has given 
special attention to the spiritual necessities of the many thousands of emigrants 
leaving our shores. In former years the cruising church Swan with her consorts was 
constantly to be seen anchored in the Gravesend Reach, in order to facilitate the 
visitation by the chaplains of large sailing vessels. Emigration by steamship from 
the port of London has vastly develop^ during recent years, and numbers of 
emigrants are now constantly leaving the river in the steamers of the great ocean 
companies. All the ships are visited by the agents of the Thames Church Mission, 
fiome of the lay missionaries being allowed to accompany the vessels as far as 
Gravesend, distributing portions of the New Testament and tracts, thus opening the 
way for the ministrations of the Senior Chaplain, who puts off in his steam launch 
and conducts services on board. The importance of this branch of the Society's 
work has been widely recognised and encouraged by those who have practical ac- 
quaintance with the peculiar needs of emigrants, and of the claims which their 
wants have upon the Church. 

Svmmary of Work for 1886. — During the year the agents of the Society have 
paid S21,140 visits to ships and steamers, 233,136 to fishing vessels and barges, 51,600 
to foreign shipping. It has assisted in the distribution of over 94,754 Portioris ot \Yi^ 

138 ^ovk among g^aiJotrs. 

Holy Scriptures in English and foreign languages. It has circulated 1,980 sailors* 
library bags. The income of the Society for the year 1885 was 5,936Z. 18#. IcL. 

All commniiications sboald be addressed to the Clerical Secretary, 
Rev. Henry Bloomer, 31 New Bridge Street, E.G. 


This work, which was originally carried out by the Thames Church Mission, has 
now been constituted a separate organisation. 

Five mission vessels are cruising among the North Sea Trawling Fleets, these 
having on board twelve thousand smacksmen. It is hoped eventually to place a 
mission vessel with every fleet. 

Commanications should be made to Mr. E. J. Mather, Director, 181 
Queen Victoria Street, E.G. 


Olijeet. — The great object of the Mersey Mission is the moral and spiritual im- 
provement of the British merchant seamen who frequent the ports on the Mersey. 

Agencies Employed. — In furtherance of this end various agencies are employed, 
viz. : 1. Services in the Sailors' Homes, Mission-rooms, and on shipboard. 2. Visita- 
tion of the homes, hospitals, ships, and boarding-houses. 3. The circulation of the 
Word of God and other profitable reading in the forecastles of ships and steamers, 
specially for the seamen's use. 4. Correspondence with seamen in foreign ports, 
and the promotion of a due observance of the Sabbath on board ships at sea. 

Sta£ — The staff of the Mersey Missions at present consists of — A chaplain, 
five lay missionaries (one of whom is engaged in Liverpool, two at Birkenhead, one 
at Runcorn, and one at Ellesmere port), and two mission-room keepers. 

The cause is also greatly furthered by the kind help of voluntary workers. 

Fields of Labour. — Liverpool :— Southern Hospital; Seamen's Institute, Han- 
over Street ; South Sailors' Home ; Docks ; Northern Hospital ; Branch Sailors' 
Institute, Trent Street ; Bibkenhead : — Docks ; Mission-room, West Float. Out- 
forts : — Runcorn, Qarston, Ellesmere Port. 

During the year 1885, the aggregate attendance at the services was 69,972. 

All oommTmications should be addressed to the Chaplain, the Bev. T. 
Patrick, M.A., Hanover Street, Liverpool. 


(Miss Weston's.) 

Commencement of the Work. — This work is a personal work among seamen of the 
Royal Navy, commenced in 1866, embracing Gospel temperance work in all its details 
— homes for sailors, savings banks, classes, work among sailor boys, sailors' wives, &c. 

Itf Chrowth — the Circulation of Letters and < Blue Backs.' — Commencing with the 
writing of a single letter and the circulation of a few dozen printed letters or * Blue 
Backs,' it now has grown to the writing of thousands of letters annually, the printing 
and circulation of 20,000 ' Blue Backs ' a month, 264,368 a year, on board every ship 
of the Royal Navy, every training ship for boys — naval and mercantile— coastguard 
stations, lighthouses, United States' Navy, merchant service, &c. 

Sailors' Beats. — Three of these institutions are working in England under the im- 
mediate superintendence of Miss Weston : Devonport (2), Portsmouth ; thus taking 
the whole of the Royal Navy. 

Sailon' Beats — ^Trafflo. — Increasing every year, 170,000 seamen and marines 
accommodated with beds last year; money taken over the oonnten, 11,821/. in the 
year ; each and every place entirely self-supporting. 



■MtlBgf y 4e. — Gospel and temperance meetings, Bible classes, sailor-boys' meet- 
logs, Band of Hope for sailors' children, mothers* meetings for sailors' wives, visiting 
of sick and necessitous cases. Royal Naval hospital work. Sec, regularly carried on ; 
meetings and classes every night. 

Temperanoe. — Over 10,000 teetotallers enrolled in the Navy and Coastguard — 
one out of every six men in the service, including 2,000 or nearly one-half 
of Her Majesty's training service. Branches of Royal Naval Temperance Society 
worked on board nearly all Her Majesty's ships. The * Naval Brigade News ' circu- 
lated in the service; 209,000 circulated last year, and approved and supplied to 
ships' reading-rooms by the Admiralty. 

Eoyal Haval Union for Parity of Life. — Numbers over 300 members, and includes 
abstinence from swearing and bad language ; only started during the last year. 

TifliermexL — Meetings held among tishermcn,and * Blue Backs ' circulated monthly 
24,000 a year through the Thames Church Mission and other agencies. 

Foreign Work. — Affiliated branches and workers all over the world : Lisbon^ 
Gibraltar, Malta, Alexandria, Aden, Sm^Tna, Bombay, Cape of Good Hope, Calcutta, 
Hong Kong, Tientsin, Shanghai, Chefoo, Yokohama, Nagasaki, Honolulu, Sydney, 
New Zealand, Yalpanuso, Halifax, N.S., Bermudas, Madeira, Ireland, &c. In some 
ports volunteer workers welcome the men, direct them to respectable lodgings, get 
up teas, picnics, &c., combined with Gospel and temperance work. In others Miss 
Weston partly supports Sailors' Rests, and desires to see them started everywhere. 

Teftunony of the Admiralty and Commanding Oi&eerf is unanimous that the 
work as a whole has greatly improved the men of the Navy, and from the fact of its 
being a personal work has taken a wonderful hold upon them, and is known and 
valneid in every ship and all over the world. 

All commnnicatioDs should be addressed to Miss Weston, Sailors' 
Rest, Portsmoath. 


W£ have described in previons editions of this Book the circa instances 
under which the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge was induced 
to undertake to provide for the spiritual care of Emigrants leaving the 
English shore. For the present, therefore, it will suffice to state what 
are the principal objects kept in view in carrying out this work, and what 
measure of success appears to have attended it during the past year. 

Work. — From a recent report issued by the Emigration Committee, and from the 
following figures, it will be seen that during the past year there was a considerable 
diminution in the number of emigrants : — 

Port of Departure 

Liverpool . 


Plymouth and Dartmouth 


Qlasgow and Greenock 


Queen St own 



All other Ports . 





































Total, inclaOing 

BriiUi and Irish 
Bmignuita only 

Number of Emigrants, 1885 .... 
»i ft lo8t t • . . 



Decrease in 1885 .... 




Liverpool. — It will be seen from tlie foregoing Tables that more than half the 
Emig^rants start from this port, and it may be stated that scarcely a vessel leaves 
without a visit from one of the Chaplains. During last year 570 ships left this port, 
carrying 140,243 emigrants. Of this number about 28,030 were cabin, and 112,000 
steerage, and 39,700 were other than British subjects. The ships visited by the 
Clergy carried about 105,000 out of the 112,000 steerage. 

About 311 other ships left Liverpool, carrying a few passengers to the East and 
West Indies, and other foreign countries ; but they were not of a class of emigiants 
which called for any visiting on the part of the Chaplains. Of the 670 vessels, 473 
were visited by the Clergy. Those not visited were chiefly made np of ships oarrying 
return cattlemen, or a very small number of steerage passengers. Abont 490 visits 
were also made to boarding-houses 

In furtherance of the objects which this Committee has in view it is interesting to 
state that an increasing number of Emigrants now bring letters of oommendauon 
from their parochial Clergy. London. Plymouth, Glasgow, Greenock, and London- 
derry, from all these ports we have satisfactory accounts of the attention whldi has 
been paid to Emigrants, and there is every reason to believe that good and practical 
results have followed. 

Foreign Porta. — From Quebec, Winnipeg, New York, Anstralia, and New Zealand* 
there is every indication that the Clergy accept their responsibility, and do all they 
can to further the efforts which are being made through the Emigration Committee. 

Forms of letters of recommendation for intending emig^rante, and copies of the 
* Handy Guide to Emignration,' as well as the Society's Handbooks relating to Canada, 
New South Wales, South Australia, Cape of Good Hope and Natal, and New Zealand, 
may also be obtained at the Society's depositories. 

In the Reference Section will be found a list of the Clergy from whom assistance 
may be obtained in the home ports and the various Colonies to which EmigTmtion is 
mostly directed. 

GommnnicatioDs should be addressed to the Hon. Secretary of the 
Emigration Committee, Rev. W. Panckridge; or to the Chaplain, the Bey. 
J. Bridger, St. Nicholas' Chnrch, Liverpool. 


This Society carries on its work with the following objects : — 

To supply intending Emigrants with full and reliable information, and the 
advice of competent and experienced persons who have resided in the different 

To arrange for Emigrants' passages in the best ships ; to provide houses of recep- 
tion at the ports of emburkation, and, in the case of single women, the care of matrons 
during the voyage. 

To assist deserving emigrants by grants toward their passages and outfit, or by 
advances by way of loan, on the approved security of their friends in England. 

To aid in establishing emigration clubs where desired, and to disseminate infor- 
mation by the delivery of lectures on the Colonies. 

To organise ladies' associations for making clothing for women and children for 
gratuitous distribution to deserving cases. 

To advocate and promote the settling of Emigrants in villages. 

To undertake the placing of gentlemen's sons as pupils with Iruitw o rthy an^ 
respectable fanners in the Colonies, or the United States if desired. 

%^e @^utrcl^ and ti^c Jlrm^. 141 

Aboat 200 Clergy in the various Colonies are associated with the Committee. 
Brandies of the Society have been formed at Toronto, St. John's, New Brunswick, 
and Montreal, and official recognition has been given by the Dominion Government. 

Commimicatioiis should be addressed to the Hon. Secretary, Mr. W. 
H. Ck)Oper, 9 Victoria Chambers^ Westminster. 


As it is not generally understood to what extent the Church of England 
is watchful over the spiritual interests of soldiera, we give in detail the 
following instructions issued by the Ghaplain-Gbneral, with further infor- 
mation as to the work which is accomplished. 

With a view of increasing; the efRcicncy and iisefuhicss of the servicer of Chaplains, and 
in order to avert the possibility of misundenitandinfi^.S the following; orders and recommenda- 
tloos [baned upon an addre^ to Chaplains by the Chaplain-drcncral] are issued : — 

1. Chaphdas most wear a surplice, cassock, and stole at all their administrations. 
(imduatea may add the hood of their academical degree. The surplice is provided from 
public funds. 

2. Parade services are to be held by Chaplains at such time and place as the Creneral 
OIBeer Coromanding shall direct. These services sliould be simple and short. The Prayers 
and Lessons should be said and read distinctly and reverentlv. The Psalms should not be 
chanted, except on special occasions. The Responses and Canticle.<( should be sung. Chaplains 
should select suitable hymns, and give every encouragement to the regimental bands, so that 
themusietl part of the service may be devoutly and carefnllv rendered. The service should 
lie distinctly Congregational, hence all elaborate music in which the men cannot join should 
be disccuraged. No voluntary choir is to take the place of the bund of the regiment 
attending the service without the special permission of the Chaplain-General and the Oflicer 

8. Parade services may onsist of any single service for public worship in the Book o( 
Common Prayer, or of the Holy Commuuiou preceded by the Litany or Morning Prayer. A 
serin<m should invariably form'part of sucli service. The whole service should not, as a rule, 
last longer than an hour. It may, however, be found necessary for the principal service, at 
1 1 or 11.30 a.ra., to be a little longer. 

All services in the open air, or wherever the men have to stand, should be much shorter. 

4. Where two or more parade services are held in the same garrison. Chaplains may avail 
themselves oi the liberty- mven by the Amended Act of Uniformity, and at the earlier hour 
use any simple form of Mis.'«ion Service, with hymns and address. As the men that are 
marchckl generally form the whole of the ''ongTegatiou, such services afford the most fitting 
opportunities for plain speaking on the special sins to which men are tem:)ted. 

The service pn>posed to be used should be lirst submitted to the Chaplain-General. 

5. Everj* Chaplain in charge of a church or chapel school nnut hold a wrvire on Sundoy 
evenings for the Sfiecial benefit of ofilcors and soldiers, their families and friends, and of anV 
«»lher persons who ma^ be willing to attend At these voluntary s<Tvices the restrictions laid 
down for parade services are not binding. Chaplains can use the liberty the Church of Ii)ng- 
land gives them in carrying out such work, but they should be careful not to adopt anv 
rustocn of doubtful legality, or which is likely to offend the really earnest worshippers in the 
congregation. Should any difiiculty arise*, reference should at once be made to the Chaplain- 

6. A short service with an address should be held at least once in each week. Daily 
prayers should be said at some convenient hour in all consecrate<l churches. In large garrisons 
<Hjciie one building may be selected for this purpose, and each Chaplain in turn be hehl 
rvsponsible ft»r its due performance. Kven in unconsecrated building Cha])lains should 
«*ndeavour to introduce informal meetings daily for prayer, reading the Wonl of God, and 
simple addresses or hymn singing. This should invariably be attempted during the season 
of Lent. 

7. The Holy Communion should be celebrated, if possible, on every Sunday and Holy Day. 
Chaplains are strongly recommended, where practicable, to have such'celebrations at a uniform 
early hour, and once a month to have an additional celebration after the parade service. Care 
should be taken Uiat on the great Festivals fitting opportunities arc afforded for all to com- 
municate who may wish to do so. Chaplains will consult with Ofiicers Commanding, so that 
the greatest possible liberty' may be granted to all soldiers wishing to attend these services. 

8. No Chaplain is at liberty to give up any service lie tind^ institute<l by his predecessor. 

142 ^t)e ^l^ttircl^ anb i^e Jlrmtt. 

Chaplains should always endeavour to make their work cootinuoas. Before an^ aenrioe is 
di:>continued the renrans for wishing to do so most be oommanicated in wnMng to the 
Chaplain-General, and his sanction obtained. 

9. Chaplains will vi^it the nek in hospital at least twice in every week, and in some 
room arranged for the purpose they will hold ever\' Sunday a short service for the ooovales- 
cents. They should visit much more frequently all those that are dangerously iU. Chaplains 
should also' visit the sick in quarters, and the married soldiers* families as tibe parochial 
Clergy visit their parishioners. 

lo'. Chaplains must give religious instruction to the children of their own Communion 
twice in each week, on the days and at the hours appointed by the General Officer Com- 
manding. They will take as the basis of such instruction the Holy Scriptures, Uie Church 
Catechiiro, and'the Book of Common l^ayer. On Sundays the children should be assemUed 
for a like purpose, and Chaplains should endeavour to obtain the help of members of their 
congregation as teachers. It is very desirable that there should be a Children's Service with 
public catechising once in each month. 

11. Chaplains arc rccommondod to utilise lay help in reading the I^essons, singing in the 
choir, teaching in the Sunday sc1un>1, visiting the aU'.k, and in any other way suggested in 
the Chaplain-Generars Address, and approved by him. When extra iMirade services have to 
be taken. Chaplains should be able to take them by handing over tneir ho^ital service to 
some recognised voluntary lay Iieluer, for that particular Sunday. 

Chaplains must forward a full and accurate report of the work of the Charch in their 
garrison every year, and on the removal of a regiment invariably send a list of communicants, 
lay-helpers, Sunday-school teachers, &c., to the Chaplain in charge of the station to which 
they are moved. 


ALBEBSHOT. — In the important Camp of Aldershot, where from 8,000 to 10,000 men are 
stationed, there are three military churches, which accommodate more than 8,000 men. Two 
parade services are held in each every Sunday morning, and in the summer additional ont-door 
services are held for regiments encamped there, principally militia and volunteers. On the 
8th of August, when more than 5,000 volunteers were present, seven services were performed 
in the open air and seven in the three cliurches. Voluntary services are held every Sunday 
evening, at which about 1,000 persons attend. In two of the churches the Holy Communion 
is celebrated every Suuday and Holy Day at 8 a.m., and in one there is daily prayer. The 
number of communicants on Easter Dav at the three churches was about 800, all military. 
There are four Sunday schools, attendeci by about 4o0 children. The amount collected for 
charitable and religious objects of a public character, and for the Church Service Funds, uras 
about 850/. The number of sick is 500, and the hospitals are regularly visited by the Chap- 
lains. 463 children were baptized, and the candidates for confirmation, some of whom were 
soldiers, were 50 in 1885. 

The Church of England Soldiers' Institute, supported entirely by voluntary contribntions, 
offers to the men of all ranks, when they leave the camp and barracks, the a'dvantages of a 
home or club. Concerts, lectures, and various entertainments are regularly given, and there 
is a room set apart for the Chaplains to meet any soldier who may wish to see them. This 
Institute is open and free to every man who wears the Queen's uniform, and no question as to 
religion is asked. Alcoholic drinks arc not allowed, but wholesome refreshments of various 
kinds may be had at a small cost, and there are rooms in which smoking is permitted. The 
Army Division of the Church of England Temperance Society meets here and pursues its 
work' with varied success. Additional room is urgently needed, and it is proposed to build 
a la^'ge Gordon Memorial Hall, when the funds will permit The Chairman of the Committee, 
which is composed of Chaplains and otiicers and non-commissioned officers, is General Sir 
Thomas McMahoh, Bart. ; the Warden is Canon Beach, Senior Chaplain in the Division ; and 
Lieut-Cobnel Walker, late R.A., with whom the idea originated, and who fteely gives his 
time to the Institute, is the Hon. Sec. 

POBTSMOUTH — Boyal Oarrison Charoh. 

Dedioation.— St. Nicholas and St. John the Baptist 

Services.— SrsDAYS : 8 a.m. Holy Communion ; 9.30 and 11 a.m. Parade Services ; 8 p.m. 
Children's Service, 1st Sunday in month; 6.45 p.m. Evensong and Sermon; 1st and 8rd 
Sunday in month, second Celebration of Holy Communion at 11 a.m. Service. Wbek-days: 
Celebration of Holy Communion on all Holy Days at 8 a.m.; Wednesday, 7.80 pjw. 
Evensong and Sermon ; all other days, 6 p.m. Evensong. Number of Communicants 
(1885), 8,866. 

Total amount of oflTertorics and collections, 1885 : 818/. 12«. ; apportioned— Poor and Sick 
relief fund 29/. 8«. 2<f., expenses connected with the Church 178/. 15s. 5d, donations to diaritlea 
and missions 108/. 8<. lid. 

J^^c ^^utrc:^ anb i|e Jiirms. 


Commanicants' class, Thursday, 8 r.M. Sunday School, 3 i>.m., average attendance ISO : 
teacben— officers and ladies connected with the Garrison. Religious instruction is also giren 
to the children hy the Chaplains on Monday and Friday at 11 AJtf. 

Hmpitai. — So^ce with address, Sunday and Wednesday, 8 r.>u 

ProvoH PriwoH, — Service with address, >N'cdnesday, 11 a.m. 

Statistics op Church Work in the Garrison op Woolwich 
FOR the Tear ending April 30, 1886. 


St Gcorgf'8 Church 
and CiHigregation 

Weekly. 8 a.m. 

1st nn«l 3r«l SujuIuvj* 

nt 12.30 

. 4th Smulay at 10 



Herbert Hos- ,p^. , 
pital Chapel ^^^^ 

Administration of Holy 
Commnuiou on Sau«lAys 

Ifit Sunday, 8.30 
3nl Sunday, 12.0 

Ist and 3rtl 
at 11.30 

1 SumUy SerricCT— Morning 10 ami 11.30 n.m. 
„ Eveuiug , 6 p.m. 

11 a.m. 
6.30 p.m. 

11.30 a.m. 
6 p.m. 

Weekday Serrioes .... 

10 a.m. daily 

6 p.m. „ 

7.30 on Wednesday 


6.30 on 

ToIaI number of Communis 
cants, aboat 





AoGommodation in Ohorch 
for about 





Average of penons present 
in Church 

10 a.m., 1,120 

11.80 a.m., I.IGO 

6 p.m., £50 

11 a.m., 600 
6.30 p.m., 200 


Morning, 8,120 
Erening, 950 

Money collected in and ont 

of Church— 
For Poreigu and Home 

Misfiiolw, about . . . 
For other Charities (iu 

Church only) .... 
For Church and Sunday 

School expehaefi, about 

&l 5 

16 14 11 


£ j». if. 

1 15 


£ *. rf. 


33 1 

£ *. d. 


24 14 11 


£3)2 19 11 

£76 15 

£39 j £468 14 11 

Woolwich : Ottr>l»er 13, 1886. 

Edward B. D. Kitson, Senior Chaplaim 


Number of Children under rcligioin insitniolion (Church of Eng- 

hind) on Weekdays . 700 

Ditto on Sundays' (about) 402 

Number of Teachers (about) i\0 

District Visitors (about) 20 

Guild of Holv Standard (men) 25 

Guild of St. Helena (women) Ao 




Work done in 1S86. — Some 97,000 publications and leaflets have been distributed, and 
assistance rendered by advice or publications (often both) in upwards of 750 cases, 
including the following places : London (several) ; Fareham ; Foleshill, CoveulT^ \ 

144 ^tce anb ^pen ^l^uvcl^ ^s&ociation. 

Goring, Reading ; Rowde, Wilts ; Harrogate ; Downholme, Yorks ; Barmouth ; Prest- 
wich ; East Harptree ; Stratford-on-Avon ; Leighton Buzzard ; Leeds ; Dewsbuiy ; 
Grasraere ; Lindficld, Sussex ; Beckcnham ; Derby ; Southwick, Sunderland ; BriKtol ; 
Birmingham ; Newcastlc-on-Tyne ; East Dean, Sussex ; Golyton ; Nottingham ; Haver- 
hill, Suffolk ; Wakefield ; Axminster ; Beverley ; Mortimer, Berks ; Southboume ; 
Walthamstow ; dec. 

The Pariflh Churches Bill.— This Bill, promoted by the Association, has been fre- 
quently before the House of Commons since the year 1870, and in March 1883 it 
passed the Second Reading, after receiving the support of Sir W. Vernon Haroourt, 
Mr. J. G. Talbot, Sir Edmund Lechmerc, Mr. Albert Grey, Mr. F. W. Buxton, and 
others on both sides of the House. It was introduced in January last into the House 
of Lords by the Bishop of P£TEBBOBOUOH, and passed the Second Reading in March, 
and was referred to a Select Committee, who circulated an important list of thirteen 
questions to every parish in England, and presented a Report in June containing tabular 
statements from 1,849 parishes out of 12,017 returns received.* 

In support of the Second Heading 327 petitions were arranged for and presented. 
The Second Heading of the Bill in the House of Lords has resulted in thediscussion 
of its provisions at the C*}iurch Congress at Wakefield, at several Diocesan Conferences, 
and at numbers of Ruridecanal and other Meetings of the Clergy and Laity through- 
out the country ; so that, whatever difference of opinion there may be among Chair- 
men as to the desirability of calling in the aid of the Legislature to re-declare the 
ancient Common Law right of the people to free worship in the churches of the land, 
it is clear that the introduction of the Bill has brought the need of reform in this 
respect before the public in 'a way which could scarcely otherwise have been done. 

The Association has brought to a successful issue, after litigation lasting eighteen 
months, the defence of three parishioners of Bucknall, Staffordshire, who were 
served with writs by a parishioner for trespassing on his pew when the church was 
overcrowded at a Harvest Festival and the pew nearly empty. Mr. Justice 
Grantham, in concluding his judgment upon the case (and giving costs on the 
higher scale to the defendants), said, * He was glad that after a thorough investiga- 
tion he was able to come to the conclusion that no right had been d^own for the 
taking possession for so many years of so large a space in the parish church.* 

The Association also assisted in the case of Longdon Church, Staffordshire, 
where new open seats having been substituted under faculty for the old pews, and 
a notice put up declaring them * free to the parishioners for ever,* one of the church- 
wardens attempted to ^lot them, and on the other churchwarden refusing to join 
him in doing so, he applied to the Chancellor of Lichfield to appoint a commission 
for the purpose. This the Chancellor (on June 9) declined to do, and an appeal 
was made to the Arches Court ; but an appearance being entered on the other 
churchwarden's behalf, the appeal was shortly afterwards withdrawn, and on 
application to the Court on December 7, Lord Penzance condemned the appellant in 
the costs of the suit. 

The Association has also undertaken to appeal to the Queen's Bench Division of 
the High Court on behalf of a farm lad who was fined by the Sleaford magistrates in 
July for attempting to take a vacant scat other than that to which he was ordered 
by one of the Churchwardens of Ancaster Church, near Grantham, there being a notice 
up announcing that the church was free, and inviting worshippers to take vacant 
seats. The Council having considered all the circumstances felt that the case was a 
very hard one, and that it was exceedingly important to obtain a decision as to 
whether mere disobedience to a churchwarden in declining to sit where directed by 
him, unaccompanied by any other violence or disobedience, could possibly be con- 
strued into * violent behaviour ' under the Brawling Act. 
Income for 1885, 1,140/. Annual subscribers, 876. 

All commanications should be addressed to Mr. T. Bowaier Vernon, 
24 Bedford Street, Strand, London, W.C. 

• House of Lords Select CommUtee't Report on the ParUh Churehes BiU, M>. 801, June 28, 1886. Price 
Ud. Can be obtalucl through any bookseller. 

^mp€tance ^Borl^. 145 



Lr estimaiing the progress and yalne of the work of the Charoh of Eng- 
land in the part which she is taking in the cmsade against the evils of 
intemperance, it should be borne in mind that the methods being used are 
pei^ps of a less demonstrative character than other agencies. The 
inflnenoe exerted by Parochial Temperance Societies is of a steady and 
solid character, ana there can be no doubt that the work so wrought is 
exerting a force in the suppression of this national sin by a gnidual 
process of education, rather than by efforts the results of which can be 
immediately tabulated. Though it is not the function of this book to 
make special appeals for pecuniary assistance, it may yet be as well to 
point out here, iiiat this work is r^dly seriously crippled for want of that 
substantial help, which woxdd be given if a deeper sense of responsibility 
possessed the minds of Churchmen with regaid to the checking of this 
great evil 

A kindred work is being actively carried on with a view to restrain 
the progress and deadly influences of a great social evil which is a stain 
upon the national life. The Council of the Church of England Parity 
Society has been steadily following up its work, a short summary of 
which will be found in this section. 


The work of this Society is so well known that it is no longer needful to describe its 
operations at any length. A few facts will suffice to prove its vitality and to illus- 
tiate the variety and success of its work. 

Lsgiilation. — Steps will again be taken to introduce the Society's Licensing 
Beform Bill, which aims at a reduction of the number of drinking premises, and more 
efficient control. Also a Bill to amend the Grocers' and Shopkeepers* Licensing Act. 

Literature. — The circulation of TIt£ Chronicle and The Young Standard Bearer 
continues to prove a popular and serviceable means of promoting temperance work 
among Uie masses. The latter has now been enlarged. 

JuTenile Union. — An oxganising secretary has been appointed to carry on this work. 
A plan has been matured by which teachers in schools of all grades, and temperance 
workers amongst the yoimg, may become associates of the Union, and over 100 have 
been already enrolled. Conferences of Sunday-school teachers have been held in 
various parts of London. 

Women's Union. — ThL** has steadily progressed; 13 branches have been added 
to the Central Union; 73 are now affiliated, and 17 to Diocesan centres, making a 
total of 90 branches. Over 116 meetings have been attended by Lady-deputations 
of the Society. The members of the Union greatly assisted the London Mission. 

Police Court Work. — This has been successfully carried on at Marylebone, Clerken- 
well, and Bow Street. Missionaries are employed in similar work in the Dioceses of 
Bochester, Lichfield, Liverpool, Peterborough, Worcester, Manchester, and Bristol. 

Bailway Work. — This is advancing. There is a considerable number of members ; 
more than 10,000 having joined the United Kingdom Temperance Union. 

Agrienltnral Work. — Conferences have been held in different parts of the 
country, to which the farmers and labourers have been invited. A large amount of 
literature has been circulated. The results have been encouraging, and in many 
qnarten a very direct influence for good has been exerted. 

146 ^^urc^ of ^ng(an6 temperance $ociei||. 

Army Work. — A movement was set on foot last year under the presidencj of the 
Chaplain-Gkneral, and with the active co-operation of many of the chaplains and 
conmianding officers, to give encouragement to wider efforts to promote Church Tem- 
perance Work in the Army. It is intended to appoint missionaries to work in the 
principal army depdts as funds and circumstances permit. An agent has been 
appointed for work in India. 

Cabmen and 'Bnsmen. — For many years the Society has laboured among this class; 
but on the 9th of December last a distinct organisation was formed to deal separately 
with this branch of the Society's work ; branches have been formed in four centres in 
the metropolis, and a permanent agent appointed to the work. 

The Colonies. — There are indications of very considerable growth in the Temper- 
ance movement, especially in connection with the C.E.T.S. 

Connter-attractions. — The general work of this Society is being very greatly 
advanced by an increase of coffee taverns, workmen's clubs, and reading rooms. 
There are now 1,244 qoffee taverns known to exist throughout the country. 

Diocesan Work. — In almost every Diocese there is an organised machinery for 
promoting in various ways the work of this Society. There is at present a total of 
733,150 members of branches. 

Income 18S6.— This reached the sum of 5,494^ lis. 9r/. 

GommanicationB should be addressed to the Kev. G. Howard Wright, 
Clerical Superintendent, Bridge Street, Westminster. 


Objooti. — To promote->l. Purity among men. 2. A chivalrous respect for woman- 
hood. 3. Preservation of the young from contamination. 4. Bescue work. 5. A 
higher tone of public opinion. 

The Society insists on the equal obligation of purity on both sexes. 

Kembership of the Central Society is confined to men of eighteen years of age, 
who undertake to promote the above objects and to subscribe annually to the Society 
(as a minimum) &i, ; but local bodies are free to adopt their own rules. 

Diocesan Branches. — Seventeen have been formed — viz. in Bath and Wells, 
Chichester, Durham, Exeter, Lincoln, Liverpool, Llandaff, Manchester, Newcastle, 
Norwich, St. Albans, St. Asaph, St. David's, Salisbury, Truro, Winchester, and 
Jamaica ; and others are in course of formation. They superintend the movement 
within their limits, and assist in the formation and control of Parochial Associa- 
tiofu and Affiliated Irutitutiont in the Universities, Army and Navy, Slg, 

The Central Society endeavours to support the movement generally by the aid of 
literature, preachers, and speakers, by co-operation with other Societies, by bringing 
its influence to bear upon various classes of society and upon the Legislature, with a 
view to a higher tone of public opinion and conduct in the relation of the sexes, and 
to the better observance of moral laws, divine and human. 

Meetings have been hpld in all parts of England. Diocesan Conferences have 
earnestly considered the moral condition of the towns and rural districts, and the 
agencies that can be brought to bear. Services for men only have been held in many 
churches, and stirring appeals to manhood have been made then and at other times. 
Parochial Societies have been formed, and the influence of well-disposed bodies of 
men enlisted in the cause of purity of life. 

The White Cross publications and meetings have helped to leaven not only 
Church people, but great miscellaneous bodies of men whoso better nature might 
have lain dormant under the rfgivie of silence, but who have now been awakened to 
the necessity of helping to stamp out terrible social evils. 

Gommnnications should be addressed to the Secretary of the Church 
of England Purity Society, 111 Palace Chambora, 9 Bridge Street, West* 
minster, S.W. 

^Icformalors ^Bork. 147 


Ths following tabulated records will serve to show what part the Church 
of En^and k taking in promoting this needful branch of philanthropic 
work. The importsmce of checking evil habits in their early growth can 
Bcarcelj be exaggerated, and this department of practical Mission work not 
only lays claim to the Church's care and support, bat presents a field of 
labour to all who desire to restrain the habits of vice and indolence which 
are so early formed among a large proportion of oar English youth. 

With regard to efforts made Uy reclaim penitents the short reports 
which follow will show that the subjiect has the thoughtful attention of 
the Church. The extent to which this evil exists is alarmine indeed, and 
nothing but a yigorons and watchful effort to check its increase will 
avail. This subject came under the consideration of the Canterbury 
Convocation in Febmary 1885, when the following resolutions were 
passed: — 

* 1. That it is desirable to invite Diocesan Conferences to use their influence for 
the maintenance and restoration of female parity by encouraging the institution of 
Industrial Homes for neglected girls, of Penitentiaries for fallen women, and of other 
similar agencies. 

' 2. That it is desirable to form associations of men united for the purpose of 
maintaining a high tone of purity in themselves and others. 

' 3. That the above resolutions be taken to the Upper House with the request that 
their lordships would bring the matters referred to in the Resolutions before their 
dioceses in such manner as to them may seem best. 

* 4. That their lordships of the Upper House be respectfully requested to urge in 
their places in Parliament the importance of making the law for the protection of 
women stringent and more penal. 

* 6. That their lordships of the Upper House be respectfully requested to urge 
the importance of some measure for improving the habitations of the people.' 


The Union was instituted in 1856, and though not strictly confined in its operations to the 
Church of England, has yet very considerably assisted man}' institutions carried on under 
the direction of Churchmen. There are now 690 institutions affiliated with the UnioD. . . 

MtthofU of Orgam$aiion, — ^The Union endeavours generallv to assist Reformatory work by 
holding oon^rences, collecting information, tabulating xesults, forming new soaaties, and 
directing Parliamentary action. It makes gnmts to Refuges, Homes, and Industrial Schools ; 
it assists the missionary work of reclaiming the fallen by the agency of Christian women, 
walking the streets in search of the lost. With many other similar objects in view the Union 
aims at reclaiming and elevating the neglected criminal class by educating them in the fear 
of God and in the knowledge of the Holv Scriptures. 

CkUdntCi Aid and Refuge Fund. — ^This Fund (which is in connection with the Reformatory 
and Refuge Union) has for nearly eighteen years employed the Boys* Beadle, and during that 
period he has aided 4,507 children who were in destitute or neglected circumstances, or other- 
wise reouiring a friendly hand to prevent them drifting into a criminal career. The Shoe- 
blacks' Beadle has aided 2,332 boys since he was first employed. In May, 1883, the Council 
sp{>otnted three Rescue Officers, who have since taken 494 children out of the horrible dens in 
which they were living, and had them placed under legal protection and training in industrial 
and voluntary schools, to so remain until they shall be sixteen years of age. 

All oommnnications should be made to Mr. A. J. S. Maddisou, 32 
(Jharing Cross, S.W. 

^efotmaforji ^nsfifuHons. 









B M, d. 

B«.gOT . 

Training Ship Clio. 

Capt. W. M. Mog«r 



S,B60 18 > 

Bath and 

Somereet Industrial 

Miss M. Sheppard. 



3,360 9 8 

Well* . 

Homa for Boj<, Bath 

Road, Bath 
T. H. HodgK.D. Km., 

C&clUle . 

Cnmberlftnd Indnstrial 



2.990 U 9 

School, Cockormonlb 

Clerk of the Peaoe, 


Ely . . 

Bedtordahire Retonaa- 
toiy, Torvej. Bed- 

Rev. W. H. Deniwm, 
Carlton Bect<nT, 



i^eoe 15 6 


Hardwioke Reforma- 

The Secretftry 



1.729 3 4 

ft BriBWl 

tory for BojB, new 

LicMteld . 

Staffordshire Certified 
Industrial School, 
Warrington, Stoko- 

Benjamin Horth, 
Esq.. Superin- 



9,610 It 10 


Kirkdflla Day Indns- 
tiial School (Volun- 

Rer. Canon Major 



3,941 12 6 

Liverpool Certified In- 

Thomas HigsiD.E«q.. 920 


4,037 2 3 

dnitri al School, Erer- 

33 Tower Build- \ 

ton Terrace 

ings. Water Street, i 

LUDdBfT . 

fonnatory, Pont jpoo) 

Kev!' s!"c. Baker, 1 10 
Usk Tioarago 1 


1.030 6 9 


UiddleMX Indaatrial 
Scbooli, Fcltham 

CBpt. J. R. Brookes, 800 


20.353 19 

Newport Mwket In- 



3.066 13 1 

dustrial School 

Hoiv. Sm. I 

The Boja' Home, Re- 

Herbert James, Esq. 




gent'K Park Road 

Bames Home, Beaton 

Donald Bon, Esq., 



6,173 16 3 



4,768 19 11 

Ardwick Oreon, 

Hon. Secretary 



Catder Farm Retorma- 
tory School, MiriiBld, 

Meaun. Tennant k 
Nevin, Dewsboiy, 
Hon, Sees. 



3,663 4 4 

ttcchetter . 

Philanthropic Society 

Rev. A. G. Jackson, '300 


13,634 13 S 



East London Industrial 

Mr. A. J. GiUbee, 



2,761 13 9 

School, Lewiabam 


Bt. JlbBlLS 

Boya" Farm Home, 

Col. W, J, GiUam, 
Hon. Saperin- 



1,604 16 8 

9«foirtnafori2 ^nsfi(utions. 

BuoxXATOXtn jUD Imdustbul Scnoous—emiUnud. 



Mum ud Addrau 




4 •. d. 

St. AlbMia 

Herts Seformatory 
School, Chapmore 
EDd, Ware 

J. B. Bwndram, 
Esq,, Hon. Sec., 



916 18 7 

St. SnithiD'B Industrial 
School, Upper Brook 
Street, Winchester 

St. Swithin's 
School, Winchester 


1,948 11 11 



E. M. Sharp, Esq., 

2.6BS 13 a 


Saltley Ketormatory, 

W. Morgan Esq., 37 
Waterloo Street 



3,177 19 3 

"°" ■ 

Indiutrial School, 

F. J. Mnnby. Esq.. 
Hon. Sec, 




Bath Indnrtrial School 
for Qirla 

AAnnt Industrial 
School for Qirla, 
Tnnbridge We 11a 

Devon and Kieter 
Befonuatorj School 

Linnpool Certified 
Indnatrial School, 
HoTthnmberland Ter- 

Toxteth Park Oiila' 
Befonnatoiy School, 
9 Park Bill Road 

Kirkdale Free Home 

Th« Oirls' Home, 32 k 
41 Charlotte Street, 
Portland Place, W. 

Industrial Home for 
QirU. 126 Sloane 
Stieet, S.W. 

School of Disd^ine, 
2 Qneen'B Boad, 
West Chelsea 

■Industrial School, Sale 

TbomdoD Beforma- 

totr, Eye, Suffolk 
County Indostiial 

l^r^iing School and 

Boyn Hill Indnstrial 

School for Oirlt 

Uigs UcCaskell, 17 I 
Walcot Farftde 

E. Budolf, Esq., I 
32 Charing Cross, 

W. TownseEd, Esq, i 

ii^B,Wfttei Stieet, 

Mrs. H, Campbell, 

43 South EiU 

Boad, Liperpool 
Ber. Canon Mftjor 

Lester, St. Hory's 

Hiss Bell, Hon. Sec. 

Mia Deacon, H<h). 

Sec., 39 XaCoD 

Square, S.W. 
Min SteiTart,SDper- 

The Superintendent 

Ura. Seymour Oren- 
lell, 46 Pont 
Street, S.W. 

83 1,691 4 1 

)G 373 

3ii 648 3 II 

07 1,681 IS 11 

59 1,396 18 3 

79 1,196 

£2 1,027 7 8 

i2 962 14 3 

102 2,153 6 i 

81 1,011 6 7 

67 1,211 6 11 

I Included 



'^eformafor;! Jfnsfitufions. 






tor*, IMS 

8»ll«bury . 

1 Poole Indastriid School 

FeT.C.J.Glyn . . 



£ I. <t. 

2,19B 9 4 

6t. Albans 

'InduBtrial School for 




Qirls under Seven, 

Esq., 33 Chunng 


The Children's Home, 


BO f 9S8 6 



I-rincWB Slaty Village 

Miss Lloyd, Hon, 
Sea, P. W. V, 





Sir. Faith's PrevcnliTB 

Lady Snporinten- 



IGO 3 G 

Home, Ryrlo 


Coventry Industrial 
School and Home, 
Leicesl-cr Street, 

Holy Trinity Vicar- 
ago, Coventry. 



168 10 3 


Thb Church PeDitentUiy Association has for thirty-five yean helped in the foandatloii 

and maintenance of Houses ol Ueroy and Belnges throughout toe kingdom. Fortj- 
seven Bishops and two Archbiehopa preside over tbe Council ol the Aseodation. 
Each of tho HomcA baa a Clergyman of the Chnrch of England as Cha()U)n. , All 
the Houses ol Hercy to which grants nre made by tbe Association are mansiged by 
sel[-devol«d womeo, though tbe temporaiy Befuges have, in some cases, paid 
Uatrons. The average proportion of Sisters to penitents is as one to five or six. The 
time spent by penitents in tite Homes of Mercy varies from six months to three j^ears of 
more, the usaal time being two years. 

Two new Houses were admitted into union daring the past year, one at Plymouth 
and the other at Windsor. 

The number of tlie Associated Houses is now 63, in nhicli 195 self 'devoted women 
give their loving Bervioe, Thirty -three are Houses of Mercy and 23 are Refuges. The 
average number of peiiitents at one time hss been in the former 60, and 996 in tiie 
latter. The groaa number who have left tbe I'enitantinrics has been 760, of whom 60 
were transferred to other houses in union; 1,111 have left the fiefugcs. of wliom 
291 were similarly ttansferred. After deducting the transferred cases 1,560 remain, 
and of these 814, cr 51 per cent., were favocrable eases ; 211, or 16 per cent., were 
nntavouTable cases ; 162, or 28 percent., were doubtful oases. The small number of 
unfavourable casea is a point deserving of notice. 

Tbe following table gives the sstimate formed by the managers of the Houses of 
Heroy coDoeming those who left in 18S5. It appears that penitents leaving after— 


' Fsvoimble 



2 years and over w 

ere considered . 

. , 183 





3 to 6 „ . 

1 to 3 

Under 1 month 

. 1 61 

. ' 43 


@!^urc| ^enUenixatjSi Jtssociaiiott. 151 

'- - ' _i - _ 

It has been held that no woman who has led a life of sin for a lengthened period 
can ever afterwards be trusted to walk alone. The experience, however, of those 
who direct this great work in this country is different, as may be shown by the fact 
that more than 40 per cent, of all those who have left the various houses during the 
past year are believed to be doing well in service. 

Each of the institutions in union with the Church Penitentiary Association has 
funds of its own; but the Association is the handmaid of all, and apportions 
moneys entrusted to it among the houses in union that apply for aid. * 

This Association supplies a bond of union connecting many who are engi^;ed iii 
penitentiary work in various parts of the world. In many other ways its influence 
is felt indirectly. And in its more special work it exercises an influence upon our 
national character, limited indeed, but real and widening. 

The amount granted to the several Houses during the past year has been 1,0692L 
The income for &e same period was 1,135/. 

All oommmiications should be addressed to the Secretary, Ghnrch 
Penitentiary Association, 14 York Buildings, Adelpbi, W.C. 


Olgeeti of the Xisiion. — ^The Church Mission to the Fallen was founded in 1880 for the 
poipoee of cairyiog on direct missionary work amongst the fallitn and unchaste, and com* 
Mtm^ vice in its own Btrongholds. It carries out its work (a") by the employment of women 
M musiooaries to sedc out faUen women in their own homes, m hospitals, in workhouses, and 
in pnblic streets, by holding Mission .Services in churches and schools, united Intercession, and 
by eflfoits of a preventive nature. 

It does not propose to establish Refuges or Penitentiaries, but to confine itself to direct 
missionary work. 

The band of voluntarjr workers has been considerably increased, more Mission Services have 
been held, two paid Mission workers are now employed, the work amongst men has been con- 
tinned, and the Interoeasion Services have been better attended. 

Mission services have been held during the East and West London Missions and since. 
In some cases immediate results have followed, and in aU many have been rescued by visits 
to their lodgings, and work carried on after the Mission. 

Donations and subacriptions are earnestly requested for the heavy expenses of the Mission, 

All commnnications should be made to J. B. Biddell, Esq., Hon. Sec., 
14 York Buildings, Adelphi, W.C. 



This is a * Woman's Mission to Women,' and was established in 1858, under the presidency of 
the Earl of Shaftesburv. It sends earnest Christian women into the streets, toe hospitals, 
and the workhouses, seeking to converse with, and rescue the fallen of their own sex. 

There are 10 Mission- houses ; and 24 agents are working in different parts of London. 

There are usually upwards of 50 young women under the temporary care of the missionaries. 
They are sheltered for a few days until a more permanent home can be secured. In the case 
of young women found in dangerous circumstances but not yet fallen, a home is provided when 
possible in the service of Christian mistresses. The missionaries have placed G,021 in service 
during the last 27 vears ; 5,996 have been placed in institutions for training ; 1,641 have been 
restored to their fViends ; 73 have been assisted to marry ; 61 have been emigrated. Manj 
others have been placed in hospitals, or otherwise temporarily assisted. 

Particalars of the work of this Mission may bo obtained of the Seore« 
tary, Mr. Arthur J. S. Maddison, 32 Charing Cross, London, S.W. 






■ iHtrmmOHd 

DCWKO MK YXAM 1886-86. 



CtupUln « Saontwj 




Fnadi UU 

1 1. d. 


The Houie, Upper ' 
Urovc, Margate 

Sister in charge 





London . 

St. James's Diocesan 
Home, Pnlbam ■ 

Bev. J. P. F. David- 
son, Chaplain 




1.3S9 IS 6 


Diocesan Peniten- 

Re*. J. H. Amps, 




877 10 3 

tiary. Higbgale ' 


St. Mary SUgdalen's 

Oen. Tremenheere, 




37« U 7 

Home, Padding- 

Hon. Sec. 

Bethetda, JUlwpp 

Rev. C. Qutoh, 




184 U 1 

Mem, Dorset 

39 Upper Park 

Square, N.W. 

Place, N.W. 

St. Qeorge'B Home, 

Mrs. Hnth, Hon. 




904 17 3 

4 Mount Row, 


Uavies Street, W. 

The Lruly 




296 3 

63 Sutherland 

Street, Pimlico ' 

St. Kathorine-a Home 

Rev. H. M. Vaiiers. 




Hon. Chaplain 

Home of the Good 

Dow&g«r L^y 




671 2 7 

Wilson. Lady 

House. Uitiridge 


Koad. W. 


Durimm County 

Rev. H. J. Rioh- 

moDd, Vicarage, 
Shertnim, Ch^>- 
lain ^^ 




4SS 2 6 


St. Thomas's Home, 

fiev. R. F. Bigg- 
Wither, Chaplain, 




1.900 G 

Worting Rectory 


Wincheater Refuge = 

Col. F. A. Dickins, 
Honse, Win- 




1S9 14 6 


Bath PenitentUry ' 

Bev. H. HcUier, 

Mis.1 Burton. 




G4T 5 

Carliita . 

St. Mary's Home, 




689 11 I 


Hon. Sec. 


Albion Hill Home, 
Brighton ■ 

Rev. J. Bwinbume 




1,406 11 11 

8t. Mary's Home, 

Rev. AD. Wagner. 




Brighton ' 

Chop! Bin 

' H*c«>itl;oi 

aitiuT Asoditloa. 
»• not kvC i^anl* tr 

II Um Some u ■ whoU. 





Fund., int 

BIy. . . 

Cambridga Female 

Mr. J. HoQgh 




t 1. t. 
289 10 

Exettt . . 

Devon and Uzeter 


St. Mary Major 
Ilectorj-, Bzelet 




G93 17 

Home ot Peace, 

Mother Superior 




944 IS 1 

North Boad, 

Plymoath ' 

Deron House o£ 

Eov. F. EuBor, 




1,169 9 

Mercy. Bovey 


Tracy, Newton 

Lustleigh Bec- 




Busa^e Homo o£ 

Rev. A. WttUh, 




234 13 G 


Mercy, near 



Bristol Penitentiary 

Bev. Q. B. JamBB, 
Hon. See,, Bt. 

Philip's Bectory 




898 13 7 

Female Befngc and 

F. F. Holt, Esq., 




772 14 4 


Hon. Sec. 

Herefofd , 

St. Martin's Home ' 

Rev. M. Ilopton, 
Canon Fronie 




29S 11 3 

Salop Home, 

Rev. E. Wigbtman 
St. AlVmand's 




138 * G 

Coonty Industrial 

Rev. F.H. Beaven, 




693 1 S 

Home, Stafford ' 



Rev. C.L.WOIiamB 




90 3 2 

Female Refuge 

St. Mark's 
Rev. E. E. Larken, 


Penitent Femalee' 




249 16 3 


Barton Rectory. 


Diocesan Home, 

W, Lane-Claypon, 
Esq., Hon. Bee. 






Uagdalen Iiutitu- 


Rev. V. Griffith, 




574 19 3 


Hoose of Mercy, 




330 2 11 

Penarth ' = 



St. Margaret's House 
of Mercy. Itoath, 

Bev. J. C. Davreon, 




307 1 7 

St. Mary's Home. 
Kushholme, Man- 

The Lady Superior 




1.078 1 

Norwich . 

House of Mercy, 

The Sister Superior 




347 2 11 




U» Bsftnnu^ «id Befog. Union. 

* Not itrioUy oondn 

a W Cliorch of EngUDd in«Biigemenl. 

■ Haeeattj opeoed. 


pBaiTiHTi AsiKB — eoMimed. 

! Js. 5S 



--— lljriJ 


£ • A. 

Korwid) . 

Korfolkand Norwich 

Hot. J. L. Brown. V2 IT U 

181 IT 6 


The Grove. | 


Oxford. . 

Clewer Honso of 

The Bev. 


31 , n l.«39 U 8 1 

the Wanleii 

St, Mary's Home, 

BeT. B. T. Thomp- 




630 11 


son. Warden 

St. Mary's Home, 

Bev. Canon Oaiiy. 




897 16 8 


St. Mary's Vicar- 
age, Blading 

Oxford Penitentiary, 





405 19 C 

Manor House, 


Holywell ' 



Home for Fallen 

Rev. M. Iteed. 
Chaplain, Holy 
Trinity Parsonage 




708 13 7 

Bipon . . 

Hoiwe of Mercy, 
Harbnry ' 





583 3 7 

St. James' Onwdlan 

John Barnes, Saq., 





Home, Leeds ' * 

Hon. Sec., fl 
Hanover Square, 
Leeds ^ 

Kochester . 

St. Mary's Home, 
Stone, Kent > 

J. G. Tklbot, Esq., 
Hon. Sec., Fal- 
conhoiGt, Eden 




1.322 18 2 

Rochester . 

House of Refoge, 


Rev. W. H.DaJte, 
Hon. Sec, 
St. Mary's Tale, 




736 7 6 

Magdalen Hospital. 

Rev. W. Watkins, 




6,316 9 9 

Streatham, 8.W. ' 


8t. Albans 

Diocesan House of 
Mercy, Qroat 

St. Winifred's Home, 





760 17 

St. David's 

The Lady Superin- 




280 7 



Salisbory - 

Diocesan House of 
Metcy, Salisbury' 

Bev. H. W. Oir- 
penter. C'luijilain 




296 7 7 


Derby and Derby- 
shire Home for 
Penitents ' 

St. John s 
VicaTagL., Derby 




231 11 3 

Tmio . . 

St. Faith's House of 
Lostwithiel ' 

Bev. Q. Hill. 
St. Winnow 




331 4 6 


Magdalen Asylum 
and Refoge, 
Birmingham ■ 

Mr. P. Davenport 
Hon. Sec,, 
The Asylum. 
Clarendon Itoad 




477 4 7 





CluplBln ot SfcretaTT 




7^s?^ ■ 


Home of the Good 


Malvera Link ' 
St. MichftCl'a Home, 


The Sister in 

The Sister in 



t, 1. 4. 

S96 S 
219 IS 


Nunc Hid LosilItT oT 









Fnodi, IW 

York . . 

8t. Martin's Home. 

Mrs. Watcrhouse, 
Rev. A. Oumey. 



101 1 6 

London . 

Home of Refuge, IT 



Pimlteo Assn. 

Commercial Road, 



Rev. J, araot Mills 



598 18 C 

ilefnge, U Orent 

College Street. West- 

minster < 

House of Refuge, 81 

Sister in Charge 

Cnlloden Street, 

Poplar ■ 
SI, Giles- Refuge, « 

Sister in Charge 

NealStreet. St. Giles" 

8t. Faith's Home, 

Rev. A. F^banka, 



£f>S IS 6 

259 Vauihall Bridge 

Home of Shelter, 



Rev. A. Fairbanks, 



asG IS 11 


South Belgravia, 


Newport Market Ite- 

Sister in Clmrge 



fuge, Cobnrg Row, 


Homes of Refuge, 

Mrs. Wilhc:', 




Kerbpy Street, East 

Hon, Hec- 

India Dock Road 

The Elms, Copper Mill 

T. E. Ripley, Esq., 




Lane, Walthamstow 

Hon See. 

Homos of Hope, 4-6 





Regent Square, 
The Refuge, Alder- 

Hon. See. 


Lady Supeiictendent 



132 8 4 


' Hot itrfctly oonffliMd 
* Accounu not k«pt k; 


Rouses of ^fitge- 










81. Hary's Bcfuge, 

Rev. J. Brass, Snh- 


8S e 9 

Guildford ' 

warden, Bt. Vin- 

Home of Refuge, For- 

Rev. R. F. Bigg-Wi- 



130 13 6 

ton, Gosport ■ 

ther, St. Thomas's 

St. Tbomas's Home. 

Dr. Aitord, Clarence 



Parade, Sonthsea 

Home of Refuge, Kyde' 

Lady Superintendent 



176 7 

ChMter. . 

Honae of Refuge, 
Bolland'g Court 

Hon. Mrs. Parker, 
Hon. Sec. 



STO 13 


St. Mooica'a Home 8i) 
Huckingbum Boad, 

Home for Friendless 

Rev. C. Pamell 



160 18 

Bieter . 

The L»ay Superin- 



£73 3 I 

Girls, Hope Cottage, 
Market Street Refuge, 



Sister in Charge 




Fori Street Hefuge, 

SisliTiiL (liarge 



Tlio Kefut-c, 2 Oilagon 

Miss Dc UloiA 



9G s a 

Street. Plymouth 

aloa center Magdalen 

Major Knox 



33 6 7 


Asylum ^ 

Hod. Sec. : The 




Lichfield Refuge 

Ure. H.llridgeman, 
The Close. Liehficld 


213 4 

Lincoln . 

Womet), Orimsby 

Hev. J. P. Young, 
The Ticaiagc. 




lis 1 6 


The Refuge, Louth 

Rev. H. B, Streat- 

Rev. J. Hcnn, 



76 8 10 


Mission Refoge, Man- 



361 12 4 


1 Acton Square, 

Norwich . 

Cottage Home Refago, 

Norwich ' 
House of Refuge, St. 

Sister in Charge 



64 17 4 


Rev. J. lligaud, 



lei 6 C 

Aldate's, Oxf oid ' 

Magdalen Coliege, 
S later in charge 





Bt. ilbana 

The Refuge, Stmtford, 

Rev. R. P. Pelly. 
St. John's Lodge, 



423 IS G 

Forest Gate, E. 

Bipon . i St. Peter's House of 

Rev. Cocon Scott, 



344 1 11 

Refnge, Leeds ' 

Hon. Chaplain 

Rev. J.W. Slobftrt, 



161 16 6 

cue Society, C Dock- 

Bt. Augustine's 

ley rua<l, liennouJ- i Vicatage. Leyton 

soy liuad, Bennoudsey 

■ Id DDlan with Uhmch PnlioiUiUT AbsoUUdu. 


U net kept Kpumle from Mb 




souses of Stcfitge. 


HousH or BKwaam—oMttntud. 



Naioe of Ohiptsln oi 







Home tot Destitute 
Oirls, raoihatl 

Rev. G. W. Herbert, 
The Parsonage, 



lei I'a 11 

House of Befnge, 
Helnwe Cottage, 

Sister in Charge 



S76 1 


Magdalen Refage. 

Mr, Davenport, 






with the 


rs HOKES. 

London . 

Home, Knlhom ' 

Sister in Charge 



63T 11 10 

LichSeld . 

Children's Home, 

Mies Llojd, Hon. 



35T 12 


St. Andrew's Home, 
Soathsea and 

Sister in Charge 



820 E 8 


Thb object of these Assodfttions b to have a band of educated women in all our 
laige towns, who eiiat as an association to attack the caoses of the degradation of 
women, and work at the centres lather than at the extremities of the evil. The 
vaiions branches of iiBcfiilnera generallj taken Dp by these associations are : 

Systematia preventive work among' oar rough girls jnaC leaving school, by 
establishing free registry offices, with clothing clu^ carefal visitation, and training 
home, on the Bristol plan ; the rescue of children in dangcroos circnmstonces ; emi- 
gration ; factory girls' clnba ; visitation of the Hagdalen Ward in workhouses, and 
holding ont a helping hand to girls after their Qrst fall; visitation of outcast girls, 
and earnest endeavoor to rescue especially the very joung girls ; addresaea to woniiif 
mothers on the subject of the early training of girls and boys ; conferences and 
other efforts to raise their standard ; distributing suitable pubUcations to school- 
miatnaMS; paientx. Christian workers, Im. ; petitioning for the reform of the laws for 
protecCiDg women and childieQ ; the education of pubUc opinion, the raising of tha 
tone of Mdety, and the training of boys to protect all women and children from 
degT*dslioii,aiid to recognise the equal obligation of the law of purity on men and 
women alike. 

One hundred are already in existence, and every year ia adding to their number. 
A sitnation and oatfit will be found for any young girl (who has not lost her cha- 
racter), by applying to any of the free registry offices. Homes for girls and young 
children who may be committed by the magistrate under the amended clause of the 
Industrial Schools Act (see Section 14) have also been opened at Portsmouth, Maiden- 
head, and other places. 

A List of Institutions, farmed in connection with this work, was presented in the 
Ofwcial Ybab-Book for 1885, p. 130. 

All commanicatioDB to bo made io the Hon. Secretary, Mias EIHce 
Hopkins, Peraj Hoase, Brighton. 

' N</n.— Tlinc Initltutlopt not tmilDg replied, Uie inlormstion •(audi tor MM. 

1 58 pontes for '^itifs anb gf f raes- 

[ _ I .1 ^ ^ - — 1 — ^ — ^ 


The object of this Society is to enable Churchmen to co-opeiate in rescning from 
TiciooB Borroandlngs destitute children, espeoially in laige towns ; 17 homes have been 
established, and in them this year were 116 boys and 285 girls. The committee have 
placed in other homes 64 boys and 34 girls, and besides these they have boarded out in 
country homes, under pn^r supervision, 90 boys and 69 girls, making a total of -647. 

The general receipts amounted in 1886 to 7,656Z. 16«. 2d. and for special funds for 
new homes to 8,276/. Ss. bd^ 

Forms of application may be had from the Hon. Secretary, E. de M. 
Radolf , Esq., 32 Charing Gross, S. W., to whom all communications should 
be made. 


This Institution has been successfully carried on in Dean Street, Soho, for some 
years past. Its object is to provide a comfortable dwelling for boys employed in 
London who may be friendless, or whose friends live at a distance from the locality 
of their employment. The present institution provides for forty-five inmates, 
who oontribute at least 6«. per week towards their maintenance, receiving such sub- 
sidiary assistance as the institution can afford. 

An evening club is provided, of which there are more than 160 members. A 
body of gentlemen systematically give their time in seeking the moral and spiritual 
welfare of the members of this <dub. Classes for instruction are arranged for those 
who wish to improve themselves in reading, writing, drawing, short-hand, and other 
useful branches of education. There is also a ffymnanum, and instruction is given on 
three nights a week in gymnastics, fencing, and boxing. A suitable building has been 
erected at Westminster, where the Home is now located, and it is an encouraging 
witness to the good influence of this institution, that the boys themselves have 
made generous efforts to contribute towards the cost of the new premises. 

Communications should be made to Mr. G. T. Biddulph^ 43 Charing 
Cross, S.W. 


This Institution was founded in 1878, for the purpose of providing a dwelling for 
girls and young women employed in the factories and workshops of London and its 
suburban districts. By patient labour it has developed its efforts, which have resulted 
at present in the possession of eight houses in different parts of the metropolis, 
providing accommodation for 416 young women. 

These Homes have become channels of imparting great temporal comfort, and of 
exerting many kindly Christian influences upon those who would otherwise have 
been left comparatively lone and friendless in the great city. Each Home is fur- 
nished with books and periodicals, classes are held, and in many ways efforts are 
being made to oompass the moral and spiritual well-being of those who become 
inmatas. Some idea of the good work which is being done may be gathered from 
the fact that since the commencement of the Homes no less than 7,000 yoimg work- 
women have been received into the several Homes. 

Communications should be made to Mr. John Shrimpton, 38 Lincoln's 
Inn Fields, W.C. 



The following summary of Sisterhood work in the Church has again 
been revised, and may be taken fairly to represent the extent and 
character of the various works of mercy which these communities are 



aotiFely carrying on. We have endeavoured to supply some record of 
the provision made for the sheltering and training 01 orphans ; the list 
as it appears is accurate, but can hardly be said to be complete, as it in- 
volves considerable labour and intricate inquiry to obtain the requisite 
information, so as to be able to distinguish those institutions which are 
conducted upon the principles of the Church of England. 





Oloneeittr and 
Bristol . . 

London . 

Sisterhood ok St. Mau- 
OARKT, The Convent, 
East Grinstead 

St. Mairgaret*8 Orphanage 

St Agnes* School 

St. Katherinc*8, 32 Queen 
Street, BloomsburyAV.G. 
St. Savioor's, Hitchin 
St. Margaret's, Cardifr 
St Ka^erine's Hospital, 

Yentnor, Isle of Wight 
St.Thomas', Regent Street 
Newport Market 
House of Compassion, 

St. Margaret of Scotland, 

St Saviour's Priorv, 18 

Great Cambridge Street, 

Hackney Road, E. 
St. Margaret'^, Boston, 

U.S. A. 

Roath, Cardiff . 

St. Margaret's, Manchester 

St. Raphael's Sister- 
hood, Bedniinster, 

Sisterhood of All 
Saints, 78 to 83 Mar- 
garet Street, W. 

74 Margaret Street, \V. . 

77 Margaret Street, W. . 

37, 59, and 61 Mortimer 
Street, W. . 

4 Margaret Street, W. 

St. John's House, Norfolk 
Street, Strand 

All Saints' Convalescent 
Home, Beckenham 

Matemitv Home for Mar- 
ried Women, 12 Queen 
Anne Terrace, Battcrsea 

3 Fitxroy Square, W. 



St. Leonard 's-on- Sea 

3 Margaret Street, W. 

Description of Work 

To provide Sisters to visit and attend the 
sick in their own homes, in hospitals, and 

1. Orphanage for girls, about 80 in number ; 
charge for each, 14/. a year, but about 80 
are received free. 

2. School for the daughters of prof^essional 

3. School of Ecclesiastical Embroidery. 

4. Orphanage and Mission work. 

5. Mission and School work. 

6. Incurable cases of consumption. 

7. Mission work. Golden Sauare. 

8. Refiige and Mission work. 

9. Orphanage. 

10. Nursing, Mission, schools, and Peni- 
tentiary work. 

11. Nursing,Mission, and schools in Hagger- 
ston, and St. Paul's, Knightsbridge. 

12. Mission work ; Industrial School ; Boys' 
Orphanage (Lowell) ; Ladies' School, and 
charge of Hospitals. 

13. House of Mercy. 

14. Parish work. 

Parochial work in the Parish of St Raphael. 

Founded in 1851 for the care of the sick 

and poor of the district 
The following Works of Mercy arc carried 

on by the Sisters : 
Orphanage for 86 girls, age 6-14. ' 

Training School for girb, age 14 upwards. 
St. Elizabeth's Home, for incurable women 

and children. 
Hospital for incurable boys. 
Trained nurses arc sent out into private 

For married women with their infant«i. 

The poor arc taken in for their confine- 
ment, and there is also accommodation 
for poor ladies. 

Nurses' Home for trained nurses. 

All Saints' Mission. 

All Saints' Convalescent HospitaL 

All Saints' Convalescent Home. 

St. Agnes' Hospital for fallen women in 
need of medical aid, \ 



SlBrXBROOm— iWfl^iftlMii. 


London— «im^. 


Cowley St John, Oxford . 


Liyerpool .... 

DeMripyon of Work 

The Sisters of Beth- 
ANT, 13 Llnyd Square, 
Clerkenwell, E.G. 

9 Lloyd Square, and 47 St 
Helena Place, E.C. 

4 Newington Terrace, 
Kenninffton Park. 

Church of the Annuncia- 
tion, Brighton 

Springboume, Boume- 

St. M abt & St. Scholas- 
TioA, Feltham, Middle- 

St. CyprianX Park 
Street, Dorset Sq., W. 

St. Saviour's Priory, 
18 Gt Cambridge Street, 
Hackney Soad, £. 

Nursing Sisters of 
St. John the Divine, 
68 Drayton Gardens 


210 East India Dock Rd.,E. 

80 Glengall Street, Isle of 

St Jonn*8 Hospital, Mon- 
tague Place, Poplar, E. 

St John's Hospital, Mor- 
den Hill, Lewisham. 

St. Peter's Home, 
KUburn, N.W. 

St John the Evangelist Hoq>ital for in- 
curables of the upper dass. 

All Saints' Orphanage (bovs). 

St Margaret's Home : an Indoitrial School 

The nursing of University College Hospital 
is managed hy the Sisters. 

There are besides Mission Houses at Wol- 
verhampton, Lewisham, Ha^pisley, Brad- 
ford, Sydenham, and Liverpod, Balti- 
more and Philadelphia, U.S., Cape Town, 
and Bombay. 

Primary objoct» to offer to persons livinff 
in the world the opportumty of Spiritnu 
Ketreat. General parochial work. Train- 
ing girls for service. School for em- 

St Katherine's High School, Dav & Board- 
ing, for daughters of the middle classes. 

Mission House. Parochial werk. 

Middle Class Day School for boys and 

Mission House. Parochial work. 

Orphanage and Industrial School ; accom- 
modates about 100 children, from 8 to 10 
years of age. 

A CommunitT of abont 16 Sisters, chieflv 
for devoti<mal lifs. Undertakes Churui 
embroidery and plain needlework, the 
charge of a few aged and infirm persons ; 
an Orphanage for 6 children, and a Day 
School for children in the neighbour- 
hood. Women not living in the com- 
munity associated by a sbght rule. 

Parochial and school work ; Orphanages, 
and House of Mercy. Home for aged 
poor. Home for incurables. 

Branch of East Grinstead Sisterhood, work- 
ing in the parishes of St Mary, St 
Augustine, and St Chad. 

1. Day nursery. Dinner kitehen. Workroom. 

2. Home of Biest, Heme Bay, for women. 

3. St Saviour's Hostel, Brighton, for men. 
To provide nurses for the sick in pri 

houses and in hospitals. 

A Lying-in House for lespecteble poor 

married women. 
East London District Nursing Home. 
Eaat London District Nursing Home. 

For women and children— 24 beds. 

For men and women — 12 beds. 

The Home accommodates about 90 patients, 
women and children, chiefly those dis- 
charged from hospitals as incurable. 

The Sisters undertake all kinds of parochial 
and Mission work, Church embroidering. 
Industrial Schools, &c. 



8I8TSBHOODB — continued. 


Lmdoa— tf<m^. 



Cheddar . • • . 

Ormesby House, Littlo- 

Wandsworth Common, 

HoxtoD, 21 Penn Street, N. 

Haffgenton. E. • 
E^an, N.W. 
Xewland, Malvern . 
Kilbum, N.W. 


27 KUbnm Park Boad, 
OrphaDage of Mercy, 

St. Angastine's Day and 
Sunday Schools 

St. AugnBtine*9 Honae of 

Lady Adelaide Home, 

Colonial and Foreign 


London Docks 

Rotherhithe . • 

All Hallows, Poplar . 

SL Michaers, Bromley . 
St. Augustine's, South 

6 Paternoster Row . 

229 Edgware Road . 

Ea«tcombe, G lo ucester • 

Sisterhood op All 

Hallows, Ultcbing- 

ham, Bunp^y 
Camarvonltoad, Heigh aiDg 


Description of Work 

St. Michael's Home for oonsumptive 

Convalescent Home, 

Home for Incurables. 

St. Saviour's Mission. 
St Mary's Mission. 

St. Columba's* 
St. Augustine's. 
The Beauchamp Almshouses. 
St. Peter's Lidustrial School for girls from 
12 to 16 years of age. 

A free Orphanage, receiyes 800 destitute 

For girls and infants (inclading an Upper 
Grade School), and capable of accommo- 
dating 1,500 children. 

A temporary home for missionaries on their 
return to England, also for Clergy from 
the country who may be in London for 
short periods of time. 

A free Orphanage for destitute boys. 

Free grants of Altar furniture, Church 
embroidery, books, &c., made to Clergy 
in all part«i of the world 

St. Mary's Convalescent Home, in course 
of erection, for 300 children of the very 

St. Katherine's Restaurant for sailors and 
working men. Food trucks despatched 
to the Docks and also to the unemployed 
to supply food at a nominal cost. 

All Saints Mission House and Temporary 
Accident Hospital and Dispensary. 

Sunday Schools and general mission work. 

Breakfasts and dinners for destitute chil- 
dren, Sunday Schools and general mission 

Sunday Schools and parochial work. 

Sunday Schools and parochial work. 

Publishing department. Office of 'Our 
Work ' and • Banner of Faith.' Church 
and Sunday School publications. Restau- 
rant for working men. 

Large Depdt of the Church Extension As- 
sociation for the sale of clothing for tlie 

Small Sanatorium for the use of the orphans. 

Ilodse of Mercy. Thirty penitents received 
Parocliial work. Church embroiderv. 

Cottage Home. Refuge. 


1 62 


81STEKHOODS -eonHmued. 



• • 

Ditehingbam . 

Drituh Columbia 

St. Thomas the Habttr, 


St. Anne's Scbool, Rewley 

House, Oxford 
Sl Scholastica*8 School . 


St. Katherine's, Sonthsea . 

St. Bartholomew's, Brigh- 

CoMMUJfiTT OF St. John 
THE Baptist, Holywell, 

Deacription of Work 

Sistkrhood op St. John 


House of Mercy, Clewer . 
St. John's Home, Clewer . 

St. Andrew's Convales- 
cent Hospital, Clewer 

St. Andrew's Cottage, 

St Stephen's Schools, 


St. John the Baptist's 
School, 88 Hamilton 
Terrace, Kilbum, N.W. 

St. Barnabas, Pimlico 

Pimlico . • • . 

9 Rose Street, Soho, W. . 

All Sainto' Home, Hawley, 

All Hallows* Orphan School, for girls of 
better class who have fallen into reduced 
All Hallows' Country Hospital, accommo- 
dstes 20 patieuta. 

Missi(m work* 

1. Parish work. 

2. Schcd for the daughters of Gergymen 
and others. 

3. Girls' Middle Class Schod. 

4. Orphanage and Industrial Home for 
Girls. S. Thomas. 

5. Diocesan Penitentiary. 

6. Orphanage for daughters of Gergymen. 

7. Branch House. Parish work. 

A Penitentiary under the oareof theGewer 
Sisters. Number of Sisters engaged, 8. 

The Penitentiary has a special claim upon 
University men, many applications com- 
ing from Oxford itself. The House is 
very small, and the need for enlargement 
is pressing. The results of the discipline 
have been verj' satisfactory, many of 
those sent ont now hold situations as 
matrons in laundries, &c. 

Founded in 1849 under a rule approved by 
the Bishop of the Diocese for works of 
mercy of various kinds. More than 200 
Sisters are employed. 

1. Penitentiary. 

2. Orphanage, and Industrial School, estab- 
lished in 1855, for 50 s payments per 
head are supplemented by subscriptions 
and donations ; some cases arc received 
free. At 14 the children pafe on to the 
Industrial School. 

3. Convalescent Hospital for men, women, 
and children; estaDlishedl861. Accom- 
modation for 100. Annual subscription 
of 1/. 5<. admits an adult for 3 weeks or a 
child for a month. 

4. Convalescent Home for ladies of limited 
means : accommodation for 8. 

5. Schools ; College for the upper classes ; 
also High School and Boarding House 
for girls ; National School for boys, girls, 
and infants. Mission House for Parish 

6. Ladies' School; eighty guineas per 

7. Orphanage and Mission House for Parish 

8. The Refiige for the reception of fallen 

9. Orphanage and Industrial School for 65 

10. Branch of the work at Rose Street, Soho, 
and Sauatorium for the children. 



Sisterhoods — etmtinusd. 

Oxford — cent 

36 Soho l^uare, W. 

Hoiue of Charitv, 1 Greek 
Street, Soho, W. 

St, Albftn's, Holborn, E.C. 

Manor House, Holywell, 

HouBe of Merer, Bovcy 

St. Raphael's Home, Tor- 

St. Anne's School, Baltons- 
borough, Glastonbury, 

St. Lucy's Home, Glou- 

St Lucy's Hospital, Glou- 

St. Andrew's Home, Folke- 

St. EanswTthe's Mission 
House, Folkestone 

St. Saviour's Mission 

AH Hallows' Mission, 127 
Union Street, Borough, 

St. John Baptist Mission, 
Newport (Mon.) 

St. John the^aptist. New 
York and Newark, 
U.S. A. 

At Poplar, near East India 

Lady Canning's Home, 


Hackney Wick 

St. John'r«, Westminster 

Sisterhood OF St. Mary, 

Wantage .... 
Wantage .... 

Wantage . 

Lostwithiel, Cornwall 
j 31 Delamore Terrace, Pad- 

Fulham . 

5 and'C St. James's Ter- 
race, Paddington 
Poonab, India . 

Description of Work 

11. Ecclesiastical Embroidery establishment. 

12. House of Charity for the temporary re- 
lief of the homeless. 

13. Parochial work of all kinds. 

14. Penitentiary. 

16. Penitentiary: 90 inmates. Also a Mis- 
sion House for Parish work. 

16. Convalescent Hospital. A Home adjoin- 
ing just opened for men. 

17. Ladies* SchooL 

18. For orphans and mission work in the 

19. Free Hospital for children from all parts. 

20. Convalescent Hospital. 

21. For general parish work. 

22. Also for Parish work. 
28. General Mission work. 

24. For Parish work and Preventive Home 
for children. 

25. Mission and Orphanage. Ladies* School, 
&c., &c. 

26. Mission Home (Oxford Christ Church 

27. Home and Hospital. Charge of the 
nursing at different Hospitals. Orphan- 
age Eurasian School. 

28. Mission work in connection with the 
Eton Mission. 

10. Mission House for Parish work of all 

The work undertaken by these Sisters in- 
cludes — 

A Home for Penitents. 

St. MichaeFs Training School for School- 
mistresses, Pupil 'ftachers, and Indus- 
trial School for girls. 

St. Mary's School for Young Ladies 
(boarders) and day scholars from Wan- 

St. Winnow 's House of Mercy. 

St. Peter's Industrial Home.' 

St. Peter's Mission House. 

St. Anne's House, parochial work in St. 
Mary Magdalene's parish. 

St. Mary Magdalene's Penitentiary. 

St. Mary and St. John the Divine, parochial 

St. James's Diocesan Home, Penitontiarj*. 

College for the daughters of gentlemen.' 

St. Mary's Mission, Orphanage, High 
School, and Anglo-vernacular School. 




Dwcrlpllon of Woik 

St. Saiionr'B, Le(di 

I-ITER, HarboTv Home 
ofHocv, Wkksfield 
St, Peler'i llonio of 

Rcfnf^, Leeds 
Lincoln UicKCUQ Home, 

; Hoi; 


Tub CoxuiiMtTt oriun 

Nasi or J Bars 
Houn of Uacj, Grait 

Stnil/)rd, E. . 

r St. 

SI. Annc'i, Dahj 

I Seuboroui'h 
, TiiK SinxKiiooD or St 
James, Kilkhunpton 


KneiiAxr, Albcrtou 

StlTKIllIOllll OF St 

Aosis, G.S.A. 


HoL* Boon, N'orth 
Ormeab}', AliddleB- 

Korth Onnesby 

BrottoD . 

NorthalUrlon . 
Cbildnn'i Home, Iffi 

Thi( b a branch of the Siitrn of 
Chui^, St. Rapluet'a, BriatoL Paro- 
chiitl work. 

Orphanage for SO girli. 

3. Accommodation for 

3. Parocbial work, nui 

4. Pcnilentjarj, accon! 

Schoola and MinioD. 

BrsDch HoaM. UibbIod work. 
Nuning Hoow ; whence nurHs ai 

■11 para of EngUnd. 
Holy Cfon MisciDn. 


Ornhuia^ lor girla of upncr middle cU». 

Parochial work. School. 
Nnnbng, Parochial work, Orphana^o for 

diildren of profnnonal men.Sclioul fur 

dilto. Cottage Hoipitat. 
Branch Honae. 
lloij TriDi^ MiMion House 
CoDvalescsat Homefor ladies and cliililren. 
Cottage Home for sirlt, IS. 
Cottae* Home far boyt, 111. 
XuininK. Parochial worit. 
Parochial work. 


portion of the Guild of St Alban. 
I alto oruaniaed bvdicB of S ' 
Bndfon- ' " 












£ >. J. 

London . 

St. Cyprian's Hoys' 


B.D., 39 

gent's Park 




63 IS 10 

Col. MignoD, 

100 9 to IG 

4f. to 

1^:0 I » 

for Boys, 119 

Hon. Kecre- 





Street, Islitjg- 

Bath and 

Otphan Home tor 

Miss H. J. 




See Orphan 

Wells . 

Boys, Claverton 
Down, Bath 

Hon. Sec. 


Home for 

Carlisle . 

St. Hack's Home 
for Waifs and 
Straja, NatUnd 

Rev. C. 


6 to 14 


,1,863 3 8 

Bochester . 

AU Saints' Bojs' 

Rev. R. Bris- 


6 to 10 


916 a 


tow, Chap, 

yearlyj j 

Saliibuiy . 

' Orphan Home for 
Boys, Calnc. 

Misi J. U. 



21. <.n- 




St, Edward's Or- 

Rev. F. A. G. 


6 to 10 

SS3 17 < 

pban^e. West 





a Orphan 
Isle of 

Mias Gould 


3 to 10 1 W fiM 


The Mother 


J. E. MatLic- 
. soo. Esq,. 
^Conference , 

«-- I,' I 

t T 

<»e a:ij 

^cy ♦ ^*;f%%^»«»D«'<*^» 

Orphan Aoss, Gi&ls — continued. 


Name of Institation 


Name and Address 

of Chaplain or 




Funds 1885 




£ v. d. 

London . 

Home for Female 

Rev. J. G. 80 ; 6 toll Free 

913 la 2 

Orphans, Grove 

Tanner, i 

Road, St. John's 







W. M. Beau- 15 

between; Free 

507 11 2 

(French Pro- 

fort, Esq., 

7& 11 ' 



Hon. Sec. 


Coborg Home, 66 

Miss Beau- 



14 /.per 

230 16 4 

Drayton Gar- 




dens, 8.W. 

Hon. Sec. 

Bath and 

Orphan Home for 

Miss H. J. 


under 7 




Girls, Widcombe 
HiU, Bath 

Hon. Sec. 

Carlisle . 

Stanwix Home for 

Mrs. Parez, 


11 and 


308 16 3 

Friendless Girls, 

Hon. Sec. 





Ely . 

St. Faith's Cottage 
Home, Honston, 
Bury St. Kd- 

Miss E. S. 
The Home 


7 to 16 


73 15 3 

Hereford . 

Industrial School 

Rey. A. G. 




257 16 5 

and Orphanage, 







The Orphan Girls' 
Home, Manning- 
ham Lane, Brad- 

Miss H. Lam- 
bert, Hon. 


3 to 15 

7/. to 




227 16 2 


St. John's Home, 
Clewer, Wind- 

Rev. G. C. 
The War- 
den's Lodge, 



fee 3/. 


182 14 


Northampt onshi re 
Orphanage for 
Girls, North- 

Rose, Hon. 






311 11 3 

Rochester , 

' St. Peter's Orphan- 

Miss Gregory, 


12 and 



age, Vauxhall, 

The Orphan- 








National Orphan 

Rev. T. G. P. 

150 ; 5 and 


1.731 4 7 

Home, Ham 

Hough, The , over 


Common, Rich- 



mond, Surrey 


/Holy Cross Home, 

The Mother 


18 and 








1 Orphanage, 
( Bournemouth 

Rev. J. V. 


4 to 10 

5#. per 


St. Albans 

St. Sa\'iour'6 Or- 

Rev. G. Gains- 


Any age 


300 10 3 

phanage, Hitch- 

ford, Chap- 



in, Herts 




Daoghten of proleaiional men. 



Orphanages, GiRLs—cantinued, 





Name of Institution 

Xuine and Address 

of Chaplain or 






Fonda 1885 

£ «. d. 

i Winchester 

Hampshire Female 

Rev. F. J. 50 

7 to 12 


2,127 2 4 



Orphan Asylum, 

Hon. Chap- 




Boys and Girls. 


Home of Compas- 

Rev. G. 
GriflRth, St. 

24 over 4 



101 8 4 



* Hull Seamen's 

R. Middle- 




3,892 7 2 

and General Or- 

miss, Esq., 


tion or 

phan Asylum, 

11 Parlia- 


Spring Bank, 







1 London 



Children's Home, 
House, The 
Green, Lower 

Sister in 






66 7 6 


St. Michael's 

The Mother 




163 3 6 

k Bristol 

Home, Framp- 
ton Cotterell, 


Lichfield . 

* Wolverhampton 
Orphan Asylum 

Rev. E. F. 
St. Paul's 


7 to 11 


2,938 12 

Rochester . 

' Royal Asylum of 

R. H. Evans, '400 

7 to 12 


8,150 13 1 


St. Anne's So- 

Esq., 58 ' 

tion or 

ciety, Redhill, 




Street, E.C. 


St. Albans 

London Orphan 
Asylum, Wat- 

E. S. Wall- 
1 St.Helen's 
Place, Lon- 
don, E.C. 


7 to 15 




Infant Orphan 

H. W. Green, 600 



16,538 5 11 

Asylum, Wan- 

Esq., 100 






* For orphans of parents of the middle class. 

' This is for children of seamen bom within the ancient Units of the port of Hull. 

1 68 

Deaconesses' ^ttsHiufiotts. 



In previous volumes we have dealt more completely than we now liave 
space to do, with the position and vocation of Deaconesses in regard to 
the general work of the Church. It is unnecessary, therefore, to do more 
than famish the following records by which we are enabled to form some 
opinion of the extent to which this agency is now employed. 

The work of nursing the sick continues to claim attention as an essential 
part of the Church's ministry to the suffering. It is, of course, qaite 
impossible fully to represent the extent to which this practical work of 
mercy is being carried on. A considerable number of parishes have 
parochial nurses of their own, whilst at the same time it will be seen from 
the tabular statements which follow, that efforts are being made to or- 
ganise narsing institutions for a wider area. 



Canterbury . 

London • • 


Thb Church Deaconesses* Home at Maidstone was founded 11 
years since upon the principles adopted by the Archbishops and 
Bishops in 1872. Deaconesses are trained in parochial work, 
nursing, &c.,and are finally set apart by the Archbishop. There 
is a branch home at Walsall. 

Address to the Superintending Deaconess, The Home, 

The London Diocesan Deaconesses' Institution, founded 1861, to 
train educated women for Churoh work, who are finally set apart 
by the Bishop. Some, after two years* training, are admitted 
to a community without yows, some after one year become un- 
attached Deaconesses. The work consists of nursing, and of 
visiting the poor. There are fifteen members of the community, 
and ten unattached. Applicants must be communicants, over 
twenty-one, and obtain the consent of their guardians. 

Address, The Head Sister, 12 Tavistock Crescent, West- 
boame Park, W. 

The East London Diocesan Deaconesses* Home was opened in 
1880, to provide Deaconesses and Church workers for East 
London. It is managed by the * East London Church Fund.' 
Fourteen Deaconesses and twcnty>eight Associates are now 
working in connection with this Home. There are also nine 
Probationers for the Deaconess office, seven of these having 
been admitted in 1886. There are three Branch Homes, and a 
Convalescent Home at Malvern. The work is carried on by 
payments of Sisters and Associates, subsidised by subscriptions 
and grants from the * East London Church Fund.* The work 
requires greater support from its friends, to prevent the rejection 
of suitable workers through want of funds. 

Address, The Head Deaconess, 2 Sutton Place, Hackney. 

deaconesses' institutions. 


DiooBSAV OnQAmsATiovB^eontinusd. 



Ely . 

Xanelieiter . 

The Diocesan Deaconesses* Home was moved from Famham in the 
summer of 1884 to Portsmouth, where the need of mission work 
was most argent. The Sisters are employed in nursing the 
sick, visiting the poor, teaching in and superintending Sunday 
schools, holding Bible classes and mothers* meetings, and in 
all such parish work as is within the province of women. 
Training is also given in penitentiary and outdoor rescue work. 
The Sisters are working in Mission Houses at Southampton, 
Aldershob, and Famham. The Diocesan House of Mercy at 
Chester is placed under the care of one of the Winchester 
Deaconesses ; two are also engaged in mission work in Kaffraria. 

St. Andrew*s Home, for the rescue of neglected children, receiving 
over fifty little girls too young for admission to other 
Houses of Mercy, is worked in connection with the Deaconesses* 

All informatioii can be obtained from Canon Darst, 
Alverstoke Bectory, Hants; or Sister Emma, Dea- 
conesses' Home, Portsmontb. 

Tub Institution has a twofold purpose in hand — * Mission work * 
and ' Nursing work * — providing nurses for those who can pay 
for their attendance and the free nursing of the poor. The dis- 
trict nursing has been considerably extended ; there are five 
district nurses visiting in ten parishes. Three ladies are being 
trained as workers. 

Communications sbonld be made to tbe Yen. Arcbdeacon 
of Chester. 

The Ely Diocesan Deaconesses* Institution was established in the 
year 1869, to afford opportunities to faithful women of dedi- 
cating themselves to the special service of Qod in the work of 
the Church. Those employed act immediately under episcopal 
sanction and the control of the Clergy of the respective parishes 
within which their work is undertaken. There are at present four 
Deaconesses. There are also thirty-three associates, who in 
various ways render help to the Institution, and an associate 
nurse. The work undertaken by the Deaconesses at Bedford 
includes the care of the sick and of schools. There is also an 
Orphanage attached to the Home. 

Address, Tbe Head Sister, Deaconesses' Home, Brombam 
Road, Bedford. 

Boehdale Deaconesses' House. — This House has been opened to 
receive and train educated gentlewomen who wish to be pre- 
pared for the office of Deaconess, or to gain experience in 
parochial mission work. 

The training extends over two years. It is twofold: (1) the 
devotional life ; (2) practical work. 

When the time of training has expired, if the probationer desire 
to be, and is found duly qualified, she is set apart as a Deaconess 
by the Bishop with the laying on of hands, and he then gives 
her a commission to work in the Church. 

Women so set apart work either singly or in association. 

Address, tbe Bey. Canon Maclare, M.A., WardeU) V\i<^ 
Vicarage^ J&ochdale, 




5)cttconcsscs' gfttsfifufions. 

DiocBSAN Organisations — continued. 


The Diocesan Deaconesses' Institution at Salisbury exists to give 
practical training with religious instruction to women who desire 
to devote themselves to nursing the sick, teaching, and visiting 
the poor. Every candidate for the office of a Deaconess must 
reside in the Home on trial for three montlis, and if approve<l as 
a Probationer, receives practical training in her duties, and is 
afterwards a<^nitted to the office of Deaconess by laying on of 
hands by the Bishop. The Deaconesses are boimd by no vows, 
and are at liberty to resign their commission, or they may be dc- 
prived of it by the Bishop of the Diocese. 

The Head Deaconess at Salisbury, besides the general charge of 
the Institution, has under her care and direction, and under tlic 
same roof, an institution for training girls for domestic service. 
One Deaconess is in charge of the Home for Friendless Girls 
in Salisbury. 

The number of Associates is 13. 

Four ladies have been received at the Home for training at the 
Salisbury Infirmary in nnrsing, bat not with the intention of 
becoming Deaconesses, and two others are employed in Parochial 
work in St. Edmund's and St. Thomas's parishes in the same 
city. Two Deaconesses are at work at Calne in this Diocese, and 
at Newcastle-on-Tyne. Another has just completed an eight 
months* engagement at Kippaz In Yorkshire, and one Deaconess 
is at work in the United States. 

Address, the Rev. Canon B. S. HutcbiDgs, Aldcrbury 
Vicarage, Salisbury. 


The Deaconesses* Institution, Mildmay Park, comprises three main branches— a Dea- 
coness house, a nursing house, and a training house for home and foreign mission 

Deaconess House. — The average number of Deaconesses is 120, mostly resident at 
Mildmay, the remainder living at branch houses in distant parts of London, &c. In 
twenty-two London parishes and two parishes in Northampton they work under the 
parochial clergy who have applied for their help, and who, in most cases, provide 
them with mission-rooms, &c., other exjyenses being generally borne by the Mildmay 

A large amount of work not distinctly parochial is carried on from the 
Mildmay centre, as missions to railway men and to cabmen, flower missions, an 
orphanage for girls, and a servants' home and registry. The Mildmay night school 
for men, with an average weekly attendance of more than 1,200 during the winter 
months, is also chiefly taught by the Deaconesses and those under training. 

Narsing House, M ildmay House. — From this centre fifty trained nurses, many 
of them ladies who give themselves freely to the work, are sent, on application, to 
nurse in private families; and twenty-five more are constantly employed in the 
Mildmay Memorial Cottage Hospital, the Mildmay Hospital in Bethnal' Green, the 
Doncaster General Infirmary, and the nursing institution at Malta. 

The hospital and medical mission at Jaffa were originated and are entirely carried 
on by Mildmay workers. 

Training House, The Willows, Stoke Hewington.— In this home young ladies are 
trained in various branches of Christian work, and between thirty and forty can be 
thus received. The Church of England Zenana Mission sends all its candidates here 

S^osij^Hal ^unbavi. 


for taraining, and opportunities are afforded for passing examinations in the various 
branches at knowledge required for foreign medical missions, as well as for aoqtdring 
experience in home mission work under the direction of the Deaconesses. 

Address, Mrs. Pennefatiier, 68 Mildmaj Park, N. 


It will be interesting to Chnrchmen to observe the readiness and liberality 
with which the Chnrch has taken her part in giving success to this gpreat 
and benevolent movement. 

In the Statistical Section of this book will be found given in detail 
the oontribations of the Chnrch of England and of all other reli^ons 
bodies devoted to the Hospital Sunday Fund, in the metropolis of Lon- 
don and other leading provincial towns, from the commencement of the 
movement in 1873 to the present time ; the figures have been carefully 
collected from the official reports. The following is a statement in 
abstract of the number of collections and total ofierings contributed by 
the Church and other denominations from 1873 to 1886 : — 



Number of 

Church of 

Number of 

Other Bodies 

Metropolitan 'Hospital Sunday,' 
from 1873 to 1886 

* Hospital Sunday,' Provincial Col- 
lections in certain towns, from 
which the Editor has been able 
to obtain authentic returns, 
ranging from the year 1874 to 
1886 inclusive, with the excep- 
tion of one or two cases in which 
the amounts of contributions 
for previous years have been 
calculated in this Total . 


300,679 16 7 
381,263 18 3 


£ t. d. 
99,929 8 6 

197,109 17 6 

Totals .... 


681,943 14 10 


297,039 6 11 

With a view to state as far as possible the full extent of the Church's 
labonr and sympathy in this movement, an effort has been made to ascer- 
tain the number and amount of collective offerings devoted to Hospital 
Sunday Funds in the various towns where this organisation exists. This 
statement must not be regarded as exhaustive, but as inclusive only of 
such cases in which it has been found possible to obtain needful informa- 

In each case inquiry has been made by direct communication with 
the officers of the Fund or other persons intimately acquainted with its 
working, so that the accuracy of the results may be perfectly relied upon 
so far as they are given. These tables will be found in the Statistical 

* Se« statistical Section for details. 

^tttsing gnstiiuiions. 





Nub* o[ iDMlMmm 


Fundi, IM* 


Kent NujHlng Insti- 
tution, West Mai. 

Kent and Canler- 
bui; Institute Sot 
Trained Kuracs, 









il-. 4 7 
3jj IS tl 

12>i 10 

LODdOD .... 

St. John's Hooie ami 
Sisterhooi], Sor- 
foU Street 

East London Narsing 

Gil 17 6 

1.330 10 G 


Training School 
for Knraes 




141 17 4 

Exeter .... 

Institution for 
Trained Kurees i; 
Home Hospital 




330 8 


Bristol IJWrict 
NuricB Society 




E72 9 C 

Lichfield . . . 

tion for Nursee 




183 17 10 

Cathedial Norse and 
Loan Society 





Peterbotoagh . . 

Nursing Institu- 
Road, Northamp- 




106 13 G 

St. Albans . . . 

Diocesan Institntion 
for Trained Kuises 



See note 

40S 13 8 

SalUbnrj . . • 

SkUsboiT Institution 
for Trainad Nurses 



EGO 12 C 

Woiwrtet . . . 

Nursing Homo, Stiat- 



149 19 6 

iltttsing ^nsliiulions. 




Bev. J. N. Heale, 
Orpingtoii Yicar- 

H. T. Oogarty, Esq., 
M.D., Oanterbury 

Ber. O. Trundle, 15 
Peteigate, York 

Mr. E. R. Frere, St. 
John's House, 
Norfolk Street 

A. W. Laoey, Esq., 
49 Philpot Street, 
Commercial Boad 

Mrs. J. W. Clark, 
Scrope Hoose, 

Arthur J. Mackey, 
Esq., 2 The Close, 

Miss Errington, 22 
Bojal York Cres- 

The Yen. Archdeacon 
Sir L. T. Stamer, 
Cliffville, Stoke- 

Mrs. R. J. Johnson, 
Saville Place, 

Miss Blencowe, 
Abington Street, 

Rev. B. T. Crawley, 
North Okendon 

Bev. Sc Hon. S. 

Meade, Frankleigh 

House, Bradford- 

G. F. Kendall, Esq., 

Hon. Secretary 


The area of this Institution is the county of Kent ; but, 
if disengaged, nurses are sent elsewhere. 

Private nurses are sent anywhere. District nursing^ is 
confined to Canterbury. 

Area of work chiefly Yorkshire; but, if applied for, 
nurses are sent to other parts. A parish nurse is employed ; 
nearly 2,000 free visits have been made to the poor. 

The nursing of three metropolitan hospitals, and free 
nursing of the poor is undertaken. 

The work lies in 20 very poor parishes in East London. 
One nurse resides in each parish. 

Private nursing has no area or limit ; district nursing in 
Cambridge only; 12,683. visits have been paid. Be- 
spectable women from 24 years of age received as pro- 
bationers for training. There are 5 district nurses at 
work in Cambridge, at an expense of 300^ per annum. 

Was originally founded to supply- trained nurses for 
Devon, Cornwall, and Somerset ; but nurses are sent to 
all parts of the country. In 1881 a Home Hospital for 
paying patients was added. 

This Society was instituted in 1882. 

Nurses are chiefly employed in Staffordshire and the 
adjacent counties, but are also sent much greater dis- 
tances. There are parish nurses from this Institution 
working at Lichfield, Market Drayton, Wolverhampton, 
and Newcastle-ander-Lyme, under local committees. 

The Society nurses the sick poor in the city of Newcastle 
free of charge. 

No other branch in the Diocese. Private nurses sent to 
any part of the kingdom. District nurses only in the 
town of Northampton, where 3,825 visits were paid in 
1883. Ten paying patients nursed in Institution. 

There are district branches at Bishop Stortford, Hitchin, 
and Tring, and district centres at Chelmsford, Col- 
chester, Braintree, and Witham. Three district nurses 
have been at work the whole year among the poor. 
The nurses were employed 1,305 weeks, of which 378 
were free, or reduced fees. 

This Institution will send nurses to any part^ 

The Society provides a home for conTalescent women and 
children, nurses for private families, and district nurses 
for Stratford. (Unsectarian.) 



Convalescent pontes. 



A SOMEWHAT modem deyelopment of Ohrisfcian pMlanthropj is marked 
bj the oonstitation and extension of Convalescent Homes and Cottage 
Hospitals, directed and maintained by the Church. By these charities a 
benevolent service is rendered to the sick and suffering, and they con- 
tinually prove themselves to be practical auxiliaries to other depart- 
ments of Church work. This list of Institutions has been considerably 
enlarged since last year, and the Editor will be thankful for information 
which may at any time enable him to correct omissions. 


Men and Wombn. 

Note.— S.L. Subacriber'a letter. 

Name and Locality of 

Name of Official 

to whom Applicatioa 

should be made 





in 1885 



Funds in 1^85 

Royal National Hos- 

Mr. B. Morgan, 34 





s. <I. 

7 6 

pital for Consump- 

Craven Street, 

tion, Ventnor 

Charing Cross, 

* Cnmberland and 

T. H. Mnndell, 





12 7 

Westmoreland Con- 

Esq., Hon. Sec. 

valescent Institu- 

tion, Silloth 

Suflfolic Convalescent 

Rev. J. F. Hervey, 





3 i) 

Home, Felixstowe 

Shotley Rectory 


Wingfield Convales- 

Rev. T. Rigaud, 





8 10 

cent Home, Head- 

Magdalen Col- 

ington, Oxford 

lege, Oxford 

The Convalescent 

The Matron 






Home, Kenilworth 

Lincolnshire Seaside 

Rev. Canon Prcty- 






Convalescent Home, 

man. Great Carl- 



ton, Louth 


* London and Dover 

Mrs. C. Rusher, 





1 8 ' 

Convalescent Home, 





Home, Dover 

7s. 6d. 
S.L. 5s. 

West of England Sa- 

The Lady Superin- 



. ^"-^ 


3 I ; 

natorium, Weston- 

tendent Hon. 

S.L. OS. \ 





> Hunstanton Conva- 

Rev. A. Waller, 

60 1 




10 10 

lescent Home 

The Vicarage, 


* Herts Convalescent 

Rev. F. Burnside, 




12*. dd. 


6 9 

Home, West Hill, 


S.L. 5*. 

St. Leonards 

bury, Hertford 


* Children received. 

* Confin< 

3d to pati 

euts iu ] 


Convalescent S^omes. 


Men and Womeix— continued. 

Name and Locality of 

Name of OlOcial to 
whom Application 
sboald be made 


ted in 



Funds in 1885 

' Ck>nTalescent Home 

Rev. J. Postle- 




£ t. d, 

1.783 1 10 

and Children's Hos- 

thwaite. Conva- 

pital, Coatham, Red- 

lescent Home, 

car, Yorks 


« Mrs. Gladstone's 

Lieut.-Colonel E. 




1.262 18 10 

Free Convalescent 

Neville, Thurgo- 

Home, Woodford 

land, Sheffield 


Hall, Essex 

Beechwood Convales- 

Mrs. Malcolm, 



7s. 6rf. 


cent Home, Totton, 






St. Andrew's Conva- 

The Sister 



10s. 6d. 

1,936 6 

lescentHome, Folke- 


S.L. 2s. ed. 

9 ^ 


* 8t. Andrew's Hos- 

The Sister 



lOs. ed. 

2,333 9 

pital and Convales- 


7s. ed. 

9 ^ 

cent Home, Clewer, 

S.L. free 



« All 8aint«' Conva- 

G. Thurlow, Esq., 



10*. ed. 

6,607 6 10 

lescent Home, East- 

Hon. Sec, 

S.L. free 


62 Mortimer 
Street, W. 


Woodlands Convales- 

Mr. R. Barr, 




778 13 

cent Home, Raw- 



don, Leeds 

St. Anne's Home, 

The Sister 




1,961 12 3 

Bridlington Quay 


S.L. 3*. ed. 

St. Michael's Home, 

The Secretary, 




749 5 \ 

Westgate-on-Sea ' 



12 Tavistock 
Crescent, West- 
bourne Park, W. 


S.L. 2s. 



, Convalescent Home 

The Sister 




3G7 13 S 

of the Sisters of 


S.L. bs. 


Charity, Walton, 



near Clevedon 



Lowestoft Convales- 

The Matron 




1,000 12 3' 

cent Home 


* Sister Dora Convales- \ 

The Matron 

iG ; 


V2s. Gd. 

349 1 9 

cent Hospital, Blil- 



Is. S.L. 

ford, Stafford 



Convalescent Home, 

Mrs. Welland, 3 , 



Is. 1 

197 3 


Beacon, Ex- 

The Prndhoe Memorial 

The Hon. Secre- 




3,226 12 

Convalescent Home 

tary, Convales- 
cent Home, 
Whitley, New- 



S.L. Free 


Herbert Convalescent 

The Matron 



12*. ed. 

920 11 

Home, Bournemouth 


S.L. YroQ 

• Mothen and infante rcccivotl. ■ Children received. ' Private patients 15i., 21/., and 50.«. 

* Ciiildren admitted \s. 6rf. per week with S.L. 


^onvaUsccnU <^omcs. 

Women and Children. 

Name and Locality of 

St, Peter's CJonvales- 
cent Home, Broad- 

Mrs. Kitto*s Convales- 
cent Home, Beigate 

St. John's Home, 
Bownhams, South- 

> House of Rest for 
Women in Business 

* Sanatorium and Con- 
valescent Home, 

The Levett Convales- 
cent Home, Rugeley, 

» Convalescent Home, 
Kden Lodge, 

St. Joseph's Convales- 
cent Cottage Home, 

Convidesoent Home, 
Limpsfield, Surrey 

Seaside Home, Whitby 

Nursing Home and 
Children's Hospital, 
Stratf ord-on -Avon 

> Convalescent Home, 
Painswick, Stroud 

Name of Oflldal 

to whom Application 

should bo made 


Miss Gould . 

Mrs. Kitto, St. 
Martin's Vicar- 
age, Charing 

The liady 


Miss Skinner, Bay- 
field, Babba- 
combe, Torquay 

The Matron 

The Matron 

Hon. Maria Eden, 
Boyce HUl 
House, Maiden- 

The Matron 

Mrs. Jones, Limps- 
field Rectory 

Tlie Lady 

The Lady 

Hon. Lady 













in 1885 

Weekljr - 







S.L. Free 


S.L. 5s, 


£ », d. 


65 13 


230 S.L. 6«. 259 1 3 


7s. 6d,* 

112 G.F.8. 6«. 

103 i S.L. 2s. 
Ss. 6d, 

125 19 9 


67 16 

160 I S.L. free 118 10 

174 I'ys.y 9s. 6d., 560 18 
5«., 2s. (yd. 
S.L. : 
181 ; W. 7s. 189 6 
i C. 2s 6d, 
70 S.L. 5*. 197 1 



Name and Locality of 

Kame of Official 

to whom Application 

should be made 




in 1886 



Funds in 18» 

St. Agatha's Convales- 
cent Home, Crescent 
Road, Beckenham 

• St. John's Home, 12 
and 13 College Road, 

liady in Charge 

Miss Jane Borro- 
daile, St. John's 



Bs, 6d. 

£ «. d 
483 8 1 

318 6 6 

* Ohlldren not received. * Accommodation for four private patients, SSt. 

* Members of G.F.8. tt. * Mother and infant, 10s. 6d, 
'Qeventeen beds axe for deliosta children received permanently. 

§onoale$cenf S^om€$. 


Childbbn — eantinued. 

Kame and LtMality of 


Name of Ofilcial 

to whom Application 

should be made 






in 1885 




Funds in 1W6 

* St. Christopher's 

The Lady 



S.L. 7s. 6d. 

186 10 1 

Home, 17 Portland 


lOs. ed. 

Place, Brighton 

' The Royal Alexandra 

The Lady 




808 9 

Children's Hospital 



and Convalescent 

Home, Rhyl 

Convalescent Home 

The Lady 



S.L. free 

1,555 3 6 

for Poor Children, 


7s. 6d. 

West Hill Road, St 


St. Mary's Convales- 

Miss A. M. Thomas, 



S.L. free 

1,123 1 6 

cent Home for the 

27 Kilbum Park 


Children of the very 

Road, N.W. 

Poor, Broadstairs 

AU Saints Highgate 

The Lady Superin- 




258 U 11 

Convalescent Home, 

tendent, Mission 


House, Highgate 

Cottage Home, Tot- 

Lady Superinten- 



S.L. free 

107 1 






Name and Locality of 



Yorkshire Convalescent 
Home, St. Martin's 
Lodge, Albion Road, 

Hastings and St. 
Leonards Home for 
Invalid Gentle- 

' St. Luke's Invalid 
and Convalescent 
Home, Finsbury 
House, Ramsgate 

Bouse of Rest, Harting- 
ton House, Buxton 

Countess Cowper's 
Home of Rest for 
Lad ies, Hert ingf ord- 
bury, near Hertford 

Home for Convales- 
cent Ladies, 5 Norton 
Road, West Brighton 

Name of Of&cial 

to whom Application 

shonld be made 

Hon. Lady 

Miss Hume, 
St. Leonards 

Mrs. Hathaway, 
Hon. Sec. 

The Lady 

The Countess 



The Lady 





in 1885 

















2U. 6d, 

12*. ed. 

log. 6d, 


Funds in 188« 

£. s. d. 
394 8 

236 2 6 


410 10 7 

264 U 1 


243 2 

* For children of gentlemen of limited income. Opened 1884. 

* Thirty beds are for ladies, or children of professional men. 

* For respectable poor women, 10«. 


@oi(age ^ospiials. 


Hune tad LoMlitj D[ 

Suae of OfflcUl 

il w«ii. ,| 





FuniU ill IMS 



Beltcshanget Cot- 
tagB HoBpital, 

Lndy Nortli- 

7 Free I 78 



Ashfor.1 Cottage 

Lady Knper- 

10 . 5i. U. »7 

677 6 4 



Hnlmsilolu Cottaga 

Rev. J. M. 

lU 3(. 6d. B8 

110 Q 3 

Hospital, Seven- 


' KU. 6d. 


Hon. Sec. 

\ ! 

Bciley Cottage 


G < 3*. 1 42 

319 -i 5 


Hon. Sec. 


North Ormesby, 

Tho Sister in 

45 Free 374 

2,690 8 7i 

Cottage Honpital 

The Sister in 

8 3«.6rf. 


441 13 1 




Cotti^ Hospital, 

E. Clarke. 

8 G4. 


:!3I le 2 


Hon. Sec. 

lOi. Gd. 

Cottage Hospital, 

Mr. J. Dew 

8 3/. 


310 17 10 



Capel Cottage Hos- 

Rev. T, R. 

10 i 5(. 


320 11 1 

pital. Cnpol, Dor- 




Cnwlfi^h Village 

Ilev. Canon 




lai 4 



1>. U. 

In wood Cottage Hos- 

Rev. F. Why- 

■i>. Grf. 


34l> 16 5 

pital, Alton 



■ Shedfield Cotlage 

Slra. Frnuk- 




138 16 2 

Hospital, and Con- 

lyn. Shed- 

24. 6d. 

valescent Homo, 
' North Lonsdale 

field Lodge 


Cailiale . 

Mr. H. Cook, 




1,311 11 2 




Mildeiihall Collage 

The Matron 




22a 18 6 


3.. M. 1 

Kreter . 

The Ti-rrcU Cottage 
Hospital, Hfra- 

Paiford House Cot- 

Miss Down, 
Hon. See. 


ioj. erf, 

S.L. Free 


4.>8 5 5 

F. A. Gray, 


2». Gd. 



tage Hospital, 


Otteiy St. Mniy 

Stralton Cottage 





118 7 G 


St rat Ion 



Cirencester Cottage 

R. A. Ander- 

2f. Gil. 


153 IC 4 

&. Briitol 


son. E=q., 
TJio Barlou 

ui iv.irds 

^oUaqc S^ospxiais. 


CoTTAOB Hospitals — continued. 


Name and Locality of 

Name of Official 

' 1 
5:5 Weekly 1 AS 



to whom to apply 




Funds in 1885 


■ Boss Dispensary and 

F. Cooper, 



£ «. d. 
327 16 2 

Cottage Hospital 

Esq., Rose- 
dale, Boss 


St. Mary's Ck)ttage 
Hospital, Bur- 
lord, near Tenbory 

W. S. Davis, 
Esq., Hon. 




209 11 6 


Bromyard Ck>ttage 

1 Walsall Cottage Hos- 

The Matron 




202 7 10 

Lichfield . 

The Sister in 




1,202 14 3 

pital, for surgical 


cases and accidents 

H • 

Longton Cottage 

Mr. T. Blair 




1,066 1 4 

Norwich . 

Cromer Cottage 

Rev. F. Fitch 




174 12 2 

Oxford. . 

Calverton End Cot- 
tage HospitAl 

S. B. Booke, 
Esq., Stony 


206 18 


Cottage Hospital, 

Bev. B. Bur- 
gess, Lati- 
mer Bectory 




193 13 2 


High Wycombe Cot- 
tage Hospital 

Mr. T. Lucas, 
Hon. Sec. 


3a. to 58. 


486 1 3 

Salisbury . 

Savemake Cottage 
Hospital, near 

Mr. F. J. 




760 5 


Westminster Memo- 
rial Cottage Hos- 

W. L. Chitty, 
Esq., Hon. 


28. to S8. 


346 3 3 

pital, Shaftesbury 



St. AlhariR 

Brentwood Cottage 

Mrs. Goode, 
The Grange 

8 28. to 58. 





Cottage Hospital, 
Potter's Bar 

Miss Parker, 
Hon. Sec. 


28. 6d. 


290 14 8 


Cottage Hospital, 

Sister in 

— — 

St. Dayid'8 

Llandrindod Cottage 

Miss de Win- 
ton, Hon. 


28. 6d. 



445 10 

Worcester . 

Bromsgrove Cottage 

Mr. Nicholls, 




246 7 7 

Hospital Hon. Sec. ' 

) I 




> Children's Hospital, 

The Sister in 




966 1 8 

k Bristol 

Kingsholm, Glou- 


London . 

St. Monica's Home 
for sick children, 
Brondesbury Park 

The Tiady 



58. 6d. 

842 12 7 

Worcester . 

Droitwich Hospital 
for Rheumatism 

Miss Martin, 
Hon. Sec. 


68. S.L. 


213 5 4 

Southwell . 

Devonshire Hospital, 

Mr. J. Taylor, 


\78. Gd 


3,710 11 





A large number of oat-patients. 

' Opened recently. 

-Sv 1 

i8o ^ict^Vi <^omcs of l^csf. 



The attention of the Church has not unfreqnentlj been called of late to 
the extreme nsefalness of making some provision for the overworked 
Clergy by which they may be enabled to secnre a short interval of rest 
from the pressing strains of their laboar. In the Diocese of York the 
matter has been carefnlly considered and actively dealt with by the 
establishment of the Clergy Seaside Honse of Best at Scarborough, an 
example which will, no doubt, be followed, as circumstances permit, in 
other cases. The following is a brief statement of such institutions as 
they now exist : 

TOBX DIOCESAK CLEBOT SEASIDE H0USE.~Thi8 House was opened at Scar- 
borough in 1878 ; by liberal help from the Diocese it has been furnished with every posabU 
comfort, and made completely suitable for its purpose. It is intended for the use of sudh 
Clergy of the Diocese of York, whether beneficed or licensed, as may by reason of overwork or 
illness be desirous of obtaining rest and change of air, at a nominal cost. 

Communications should be made to the Hon. Sec, Yen. Archdeacon 
Blunt, D.D., the Vicarage, Scarborough. 

ST. JOHN'S HOUSE OF BEST, XEHTOKE.— This House was opened in October 
1879, to give change and rest to the Clergy and other professional men who Arom broken 
health need such help. During the last year this institution was freely made use of to the 
benefit of many. 

Communications should be made to Rev. Henry Sidebotham, Chap- 
lain of St. John's Church, Men tone, 19 Delahay Street, Westminster, 
S.W. ; or Rev. C. Wyatt Smith, Middleton House, Upper Tooting, S.W. 

WEST MALYEBir CLEBOT HOUSE OF BEST.^This House has been in existence 
for some time, working under the sanction of the Bishop of the Diocese, and from the testimony 
of very many it is well known to be doing a most useful work. 

The object of the House is twofold : 

1. To afford a House in a healthy locality, and with moderate charges, to which the Clergy 
can come when in need of rest from their work. 

2. To furnish a place at which retreats for the Clergy can be held throughout the summer 
and autumn. 

Communications should be addressed to Bey. F. A. O. Eichbaum, 

CLEBOT HOUSE OF BEST, XABOATE.— This Institution has existed for some years, 
and has been the means of affording rest and comfort to many of the overworked Clerg^^ 

Communications should be addres9ed to the Lady-in- Charge. 

^lemcniaxvi §6ucafton. 







Ths appointment of the Boyal Commission on Elementary Education, 
and the resalts that may be expected to follow from its labonrs, bid fair 
to make tbe year which has elapsed since the last issne of the OrncuL 
Ykak-Book a memorable one in the history of elementary education. 
The difficulties and hardships affecting the schools of the Church and of 
other religious bodies can hardly fail to be thoroughly investigated by 
the Commission, and remedies, it may reasonably be expected, will be 
devised for grievances that are proved to be well founded. In the mean- 
time it is satisfactory to notice that the vitality of the voluntary system 
remains unimpaired. Not only does the Church maintain her old posi- 
tions, but she is constantly taking up new ground. 

Progress during the past year. — During the year ending August 31, 
1885y the average attendance in Church schools in receipt of the G-ovem- 
ment grant has risen from 1,607,823 to 1,631,763, being an increase of 
23,940. The accommodation has risen from 2,454,788 to 2,505,477, 
being an increase of 50,689 for the year. The total number of Church 
schools inspected by the Education Department during the year was 

Statistics for the last three years. — The following figures taken from 
the returns of the Education Department, issued in April 1886, will 
show the progress that has been made by the various classes of schools 
during the last three years : 


Day Schools, Year ended Auga 


St 31 1883 



British, 6cc, . 
Wesleyan . 
Roman Catholic . 
Board .... 

. ' 2,413,676 

. ; 386,839 







395,194 ' 


1,600,718 j 




4,998,718 ^ 


^lemenfarp @5ucalion. 


Day Schools, Year ended August 81 





British, &c 


Roman Catholic .... 







Total .... 




Average Attendance. 

Day Schools, Year ended Augtist 81 







British, &c 


Roman Catholic .... 





Total . . . 




Not loss noteworthy are the statistics which show the amount of 
monej contribatod from voluntary sources towards the maintenance of 
the varioas classes of schools. They are as follows : 

Voluntary Contributions. 

Day Schools, Year ended Angnst 81 


£ f. d, 

577,313 16 5 

71,519 2 9 

15,271 14 1 

61,564 15 2 

1,420 1 3 




British, &c 


Roman Catholic .... 

£ t. <f. 

686,071 11 10 

72.978 10 

16,802 2 

57,672 1 2 

1,603 7 10 

£ *. d, 

683,936 3 4 

96,832 6 3 

16,934 7 11 

69,233 8 10 

891 11 11 

Total .... 

717,089 9 8 

734,127 12 10 

766,827 18 3 

Expenditure since 1870. — Even these figures, it must, however, be 
noted, give a very imperfect impression of the work of the schools of the 
Church of England and of the voluntary schools generally. Ck)ing back 
for a moment to the year 1870, we observe that during the 15 years 
which have since elapsed the accommodation in Elementary Schools has 
been nearly trebled. The School Board system and the Yolantary 
system have been at work side by side ; and while the School Boards, 
with their practically unlimited resources, have provided accommodation 
for 1,600,718 children, Christian zeal and energy, unaided by the rates, 
have, in exactly the same period, provided accommodation for 1,519,416, 
of which 1,150,690 are due to tne Church. The Church alone had, in 

^Umenlaxvi (^bucation. 


1885, nearly one million more school places than are provided in Board 

Expenditure once 1811. — Going still farther back, to the year 1811, 
-when the National Society was founded, we would call attention to the 
total expenditure by the Church on Elementary Education since an or- 
ganised system began to be established in the country. This will be 
clearly seen from the following table, which is based on Government 
retnms, supplemented to a limited extent from the authentic records of 
the National Society : 

Voluntary Expbnditube on Church Schools and Training Colleges. 


From 1811 to 

Since 1870 


Schools : 


Maintenance .... 
Training Colleges : 


Maintenance .... 

' 6,270,677 


» 6,994,162 


» 12,264,739 


Total .... 




The &ct cannot be too strongly emphasised that these vast sums have 
been expended by benevolent Gnurch people in full confidence of the 
permanence of the system which they were intended to support. By 
far the lai^est portion of the expenditure in building was incurred at the 
express invitation of the Government of the day ; and though the terms 
upon which the State has availed itself of the assistance of the various 
religious bodies in the work of education have varied from time to time, 
there has been throughout an undertaking expressed or implied that the 
Denominational system should have equitable and generous treatment. 
Without a well-founded conviction that this would be the case, the 
efforts of benevolent people to establish permanent School buildings and 
to convey the sites on educational trusts would have been comparatively 

Diocesan Inspection. — It has to be borne in mind that the work of test- 
ing the religious instruction in Church schools, which was dischai^ed by 
the State down to the year 1870, is now carried on by the Church 
itself. A large body of experienced inspectors, acting in each case under 
instructions ^m the Bishop of the Diocese, are engaged upon the work. 
The maintenance of these inspectors involves the expenditure of not less 
than 15,000?. a year on the part of the Diocesan Boards, whose funds are 
in many cases largely supplemented by the National Society. 

Church Training Colleges. — ^In like manner, the work of testing 
the religious instruction in Church Training Colleges has since the 
year 1870 devolved entirely upon the Church, the National Society 
contributing the whole amount of the annual cost. This work is en- 

* These figures are exclusive of the value of sites, which ore often given in the case of Voluntary 
Schools. This would Increase the total expenditure by at least a million pounds. 

1 84 

^Umentat^ §6ucalion. 

troatod to an Eainnining Board, aided hy a htaS of ezperiencad ex- 
aminers, wtio conduct the ezamination of the varions clasBeB of stadents 
in training, and likewise that of acting teachers. The work of these 
ezanuners is Bnpplemented b3r the viaita to the Training Colleges of an 
Inspector in Bdigions Knowledge, nominated b; the two ArohbishopB. 
The Dean of Cheater discharges ttte important dnties of this offiice. 



Cert ill. 







1 5 7 







15 9 







I 9 8 








1 10 11 






1 11 llj 













1 14 






1 14 I 






1 14 7 



17,036 , 




1 14 10 


17,511' ' 




1 16 l] 





1 14 






1 16 oi 







1 15 2i 






1 ir> lot 



ATcrsBO Altiaid«nca 
































































































1,471,616 1 364,120 








1,490,429 364,113 







1,633,408 370,602 








1.663.607 373,493 








1.607.823 381,628 







1,631,763 379,368 


i^iocesan inspection. 



oompa&ed with those of otheb bodies, since thb passing of the 
Education Act of 1870. 




Church Schools 


Briti«h, Wealejan, 

Boman Catholic, 



A^u'gu^lj^Cliurch Schools 

British, Wc8leyan, 
Boman Catholic, j 




Sam total 







(a) Estimated number now existing 
(6) Ditto open to diocesan inspection . 
(tf) In which scholars were found with-1 
drawn from all religions instruction J 
(J) Visited by diocesan inspector during 1 

the year j 

(1) Consisting of — 

Boys* schools .... 
Girls' schools .... 
Mixed schools .... 
Schools for infants only 




10,373 » 


14,592 » 


(2) In respect of religious 
instruction . 


or Good 

Fair or 

9,756 4,362 

or Bad 



In Schools visited by Diocesan Isspectob last Ybab. * 

(-Certificated 14.033 

(a) Principal . . . < Uncertificated .... 559 

l Total 14,592 

(ft) Assistant 11,626 

CO) PUPIL-TEACHERS— Employed 11,563 


(a) On books 1,832,321 

(>) In average attendance 1,400,767 

(c) Present at examination . . . . . . . 1,521,949 

Id) Withdrawn from all religious instruction .... 2,661 

(c) iHtto any part of it 5,994 

Annual Examination of Pupil-Tkachebs and Monitobs 

IN Religious Knowledge. 

(a) Pupil-teachers and monitors examined 10,450 

(ft) School departments sending them 5,979 

(O Bach dan in the result L 2,005 ; U. 3,666 ; lU. 3,484 •, IV. ^1Q 

^ Mo BeluiBS hMi9 biea reoelred froai the Diocese of Lirerpool owing to the Uliie^s ol \.\iQ Iasv^QiVqi^ 

@^ui:c^ graining goKeges. 

BittNvea . 
Chelwfl, Si. 

Carman hen 

L'hcslpr . . 
Culham . . 
Durbam . . 




V. C. G. Brown . 
T. J. Falrchild . 
T. R. M. Chamne' 
V. A. J. C Allen 
T. U. Lewia . . 
!V. 'Hiomas ItuideU 
IV, J. O. DiDgor, D.D. 
IT. C. Dayniiond . . 
II. F. W. Bnrbidge , 
■V. H. Martin . . . 
IV.G.W.DBC. Baldwin 

Built by Knllonal Socirty 
Aided by Sationol Socie^ ■ 

Home and Colmial Sodetv 
Dioennn aided by Xational Society 


Fob Hibtbesseb. 


Naa» ot Prioalril or 







Oidinp-9 StortfoKl . 

Brigblon .... 

Cbeltenbam . . . 
Cliicheativ . . . 


Durliam .... 

Home atid Colonial, 
Gray; In,t Road 

Llnwln .... 

Norwich .... 

siElbo^; ; : ; 


Warrioclon . . . 
M'iiitetand^ Ch-hm 

itev. W. J. Frerfl 

Hot. Geo. CorfifW 
Bev. R. K. Richuda 
Rot. R. M. Chamney 
Rev. J. Fraier 

Rev. J. W. Kewley 
Rev. Canon Waller 
Rev. W. Bromilow 

Rev. Prebendary Xdsoii 

Rev. T. Archbold 
Rev. H. D. De Brisay 
BoT. Canon Badcook, M.A 
Ven.ArchD. Lear (Sec). 

Rev. E. HdImoq 
Rev. Canon ComUli 

Rev. J. P. Fannthorpe 



















Din«»D aided by National 


Home and ColooUl Sodety 
Diocejan aiaed by National 


name and Colonial Society 

UiureNin aided by National 



INocuan aided br National 

CbriatJan KnowledRB 

Society and National 

Dioc««an aided by Natiooal 

' nil to 

R-.iL[t l.y Nniii'iial Society 

mtthod in tbe Tnlninx 

a ftafl ot Collese for KtttreMei^ 

Jambs Duhcan, 

Rational l^ocicfp. 187 


Thb National 8ocibtt is the recognised handmaid of the Church for promoting 
the Edacation of the Poor in distinctive religious principles. During seyenty-five 
years it has been working with unremitting energy ; first, in stirring up an interest 
in the education of the poor and enlisting voluntary zeal at a time when the Legis- 
lature had not even tum<Hl its attention to the work ; afterwards in extending schools 
and improving the means of instruction through all parts of England ; and now in 
strengthening and maintaining the enormous advantages for Church teaching which 
have been the result of so many years' continued exertion. 

The administration of its affairs is vested in the highest ecclesiastical authorities 
of the kingdom, together with ten temporal peers or privy councillors, and sixteen 
other elected members, lay and clerical. 

In connection with the Society's Central Office in Westminster there axe various 
Diocesan Boards of Education tliroughout the country, which have been established 
with the object of diffusing the most accurate and useful information bearing upon 
the condition and prospects of elementary education. 

Olgecti of the Soeietj. — The main object of the Society (as expressed in the words 
of its Charter) is to secure ' that the poorer members of the Church shall have their 
chUdien daily instructed in suitable learning, works of industry, and the principles of 
the Christian religion according to the Established Church.' This object the Com- 
mittee have constantly kept in view, and they have alwayis sought to administer the 
funds with which they have been entrusted so as best to overtake the wants of Church 
(education in densely populated, mining, and manufacturing districts, and in poor 
agricultural parishes. 

The operations of the Society have been mainly directed to two purposes :- -1st. It 
lias sought to increase the means of education, by multiplying the number of properly 
constructed school buildings. 2nd. It has constantly tfeen engaged in promoting the 
most approved system of instruction by the establishment of institutions for training 
teachers, both male and female; by the occasional inspection and organisation of 
schools ; by supplying from its Central Depository, at a reduced cost to * members,' 
reading sheets and lesson books, maps, apparatus, &c. ; and by collecting and diffusing 
the most reliable information with reganl to any temporary or permanent assistance 
that may be obtained in the way of grants for educational objects. 

A third and most important object has come into view since the passing of the 
Education Acts of 1870, 1873, 1876, and 1880. The Society has now to watch and 
protect the interests of the Cliurch under the working of the new Acts, to maintain 
if possible the distinctive religious character of Church schools, to foster an efficient 
system of diocesan religious inspection, and in general to compensate for the great 
loas inflicted by the withdrawal of all encouragement by Government towards Church 

School Buildings and Teachers* Beiidencei. — The Society has assisted in the 
erection of suitable school buildings and teachers' residences by making grants from 
its funds. Formerly there were collections in all churches throughout England and 
Wales on behalf of the Society by virtue of Royal Letters. Since the discontinuance 
of these Letters the main income of the Society arises from annual subscriptions, 
donations, and collections in churches. The amount received from these sources has 
been expended in building, enlarging, and impro\'ing schools ; in assisting to maintain 
training institutions, and in making small grants towards procuring supplies of school 
books and apparatus. Every application for a grant towards any of these objects is 
taken into favourable consideration, provided it has the sanction of the incumbent of 
the parish or district, and, in the case of building grants, is countersigned by the 
Bishop of the Diocese. 

The gross amount contributed by the Society towards the erection of training 
institutions and schools up to December 31, 1885, is 645,458/., and aO^,4*l'^l. Vo'^^t^ 

i88 Rational $ocidt;i. 

the cost of maintaining training colleges. It should be borne in mind that, large as 
this sum undoubtedly is, it only represents a small portion of the actual outlay ex- 
pended, as each grant from the Society is made on the condition that a proportionate 
amount of local contributions has, in each case, been raised. 

Training Institutions. — From almost the date of its foundation, the Society's 
attention was drawn to the fact that, if Church education for the poorer classes was 
to accomplish all that its friends and promoters desired, it was necessary not only to 
assist in the erection of school buildings, but also to proyide that competent teachers 
should bo found to take charge of the discipline and instruction of the children. The 
Committee have accordingly made liberal grants towards the erection of twenty-one 
provincial Training Institutions, and have had under their own more immediate direc- 
tion five such institutions, viz., three for schoolmasters and two for schoolmistresses. 

Grants in aid of the annual maintenance of Training Institutions for both school- 
masters and schoolmistresses are at the present time ms^e from Uie general funds of 
the Society. 

During the past fifteen years grants to the amount of 4,910Z. have been voted 
towards the building and enlargement of Church Training Colleges, and 53,784/. have 
been paid towards the maintenance of students in these Training Colleges. 

Beligions Inspection of Sehooli. — The Government having ceased entirely to inspect 
schools in religious subjects, or to make any grant of money dependent on religious 
knowledge, it has become of the highest importance to organise by volimtary effort a 
sii*stem of religious inspection. The Bishops have recognised this necessity, and a 
general movement to supply the want has been made throughout England. The 
National &>cicty lias already voted grants to the amount of 7,4672. in aid of this work 
to twent y-tlve dioceses, in addition to an expenditure of 1,084/. in providing Schedules 
for the UA^ of Diocesan Inspectors. During the past fourteen years, a sum of 13,382/. 
\\jx» Invn |>aid for the inspection and examination of Training Colleges in religious 
subject ai. 

Ctatral Dtpotitory.— As an additional help in furthering the work for which the 
Svviotv wji.^ iuoor\x)ratoil, the Committee about forty years ago established a 
lV\H\»itory f\»r the s;4U\ at a reiluccd rate to * members of the Society,' School Com- 
iuitt«V!^ and Ti'achors.of the most approved school books, map)s, .slates, apparatus, &c. 
The >^ i^U^m \4 this step luis been abundantly cWdenced by the large sales now effected 
in the lV(v>»itorA\ and by the favourable testimony which has been borne to its use- 
(u\i\ee<i and ixmvenienoe by clerg:}*men and school managers. The sales, which in 
IS^tS t^ert* aKmt S.IKKV., have amounteti during the past year to 48,666/. 

Durii\|; the i^a»t «ix years a great number of new books, to meet the requirements 
>HMh of S^'hxvl» and Training Colleges, Imvc been published. These works have been 
eutniMe^l tv^ intern of ivputation, who have practical experience as teachers, as well 
N» a H|HX^Ul kuowUHlge of tlie subjei^ts on which they have to write. In addition to 
a Ur>:v luimber of Ux^ks mlapted to the requirements of the Code of 1886, many new 
)mMU\^tioiui liave Uvu i^'^i^reil, suitable for use in Sunday Schools. 

B«»k QnuilSi 4o. - Although the Society docs not make grants towards the annual 
waluteimn\v of K'hiH^U, ti\o IVuimitteo have nevertheless been able to assist, to a 
liu\H«Hl extent, iii nupr^ljk'iitg suitable materials and apparatus for both day and night 
M^^luvU It ha.^ aliH^ puKHxl an annual sum at the disposal of several Diocesan Boards 
lo enaUe thein to uiako small grants to applicants for the purchase of lesson books 
and a|H^*^<^^^^'** *'^^^ ^^^ ^^^ nmX^ diiect grants in cases where the Diocesan Board 
iu^l »y\^t availe^l HsoK of the Ivmetita connected with the Society's scheme. Under 
the h<>a«l of Ux^ks. tltting*. «nd reiuurs, the Committee liave during the past twelve 
Y^^m uwi\le ifittnts to tlie aiuonnt of 17.633/. 

* JIvtAU M l««i«y l«k«olt«-Tlie Society makes grunts to^s-ards the building of 
H^mUv MhxxUs |^wl*le*l tlmt the Trust Deod allows the schools to be used at any 
C^tuiv \\\\w t\^ dAy ai'hvH>) purinvHW, and is in other respects satisfactory. Grants are 
i^\a^ UMidis wilder oertatn condition*, for books, fittings, and repairs. 

• WmH^ wmi wMMiaMtly inoMMUiug ciroulation. *The School Guardian' contains a 
■•MM sX lK» iKiwal i^rvHH^Ungs ot the Society, and also such general information con- 

Rational $ocief||. 189 

nected with edacation as ia likely to be of interest to the promoters, managers, or 
ieachen of Church schools. 


during a period of more than 74 years, i.e, from its formation in 
October 1811 to Decembeb 31, 1885. 

£ s. d. 

Building andFitting-upSchoolrooms and Teachers' Besidenoes 680,723 4 6 

Building Metropolitan and Diocesan Training Institutions . 64,735 12 2 

MfLiyitftiTiing Metropolitan and Diocesan Training Institutions ) g^g . ^o 7 q 

and Schools ; also for Exhibitions in the Provinces . i ^^oi^f ^ • » 

Inspection and the Oiganising of Schools .... 31,137 10 8 

Establishing and supporting Provincial Depositories . . 9,197 17 1 

Grants for School Books and Apparatus 11,999 15 

Conducting Inquiries as to the State of Church of England ) . ^nn 7 a 

Schools ; *'""*' ^ " 

Temporary Grants to Poor Schools, Advice to School Managers, \ 

Diffusing General Information on Educational Subjects [ 165,119 1 

and oUier matters in connection with the Society . f 

Total £1,175,864 15 2 

All commxinications respecting the Society's work should be addressed 
to the Secretary, the Bev. J. Dnncan, National Society's Office, Sanc- 
tuary, Westminster. 



This Fund was established for the purpose of assisting poor schools in the metro- 
polis in their struggle against the difficulties caused by extreme poverty, intensified 
by the competition of Board Schools. 

The Fund is managed by the officers of the National Society, under the direction 
of a Committee nominated by the National Society, and by the Bishops of London 
and Bochester. 

Pecuniary help is given to the schools in some of the following ways : 

1. By a donation to place the school on a more efficient footing. 

2. By a contribution towards maintenance in exceptionally poor districts, or 
under exceptional circumstances. 

3. By a temporary loan in anticipation of the Government grant, security 
being obtained for its repayment. 

In every case where a grant or loan is made, the school managers have the benefit 
of the advice and experience of some representative of the Fund, who goes carefully 
into their difficulties, and suggests plans for improving the finances as well as for 
increasing the efficiency of the school. 

The grants made from the Ftmd during the year 1885 amounted to 2902., and the 
total amount of grants since the formation of the Fund has been 5,4052. 

The Gommitt^ have granted during the year 1885 loans to the amount of 2,6492. 

The total amount of loans since the establishment of the Fund has been 1 8,2292. 

All commnnications respecting the work of the Poor School Relief 
Fund shonld be addressed to the Honorary Secretary, the Rev. J. Duncan, 
National Society's Office, Sanctuary, Westminster. 

I90 ^ocicfg for ^romofing ©i^mfian ^nomUbqc. 



I. UTESABY WOBK. — The number of pablications issued during the pai»t year 
has largely increased, and the total sales for the year amounted to 82,807/. 

1. Tract Committee. — Among the most important works issued may be mentioned 
* The Illustrated Family Bible,* now at length completed and published in Tolume 

' form. It is also to be had in two volumes in various bindings. To *The ITathers for 
English Readers ' a monograph on S. Synesius of Cyrene has been added. The Society 
has adopted a new means of spreading a knowle<^ of Church history. A sum of 
200/. has been voted for the purpose of supplying magic lanterns on loan to the clei^y 
to illustrate lectures on Church history. Advantage hsia been taken on all sides of the 
opportunity thus offered. A life of Mazarin has been added to the Home Library. 
The subject of the History of the English Church has received particular attention, and 
two short illustrated Histories arc in active preparation. *The Dawn of Day,* which 
is specially adapted for localisation as a Parish magazine, has been g^reatly enlarged 
and improved. It is by far the cheapest of parish magazines, and can be made self- 
supporting even when localised in small numbers. 

2. 0eneral Literature. — Several additions to the series on ' Early Britain,* * Chief 
Ancient Philosophies,' and ' Heroes of Science,* have appeared during the past year, 
viz. * Post-Norman Britain,* * The Ethics of Aristotle,' and ' Physicists.* ' Household 
Health,* by Dr. Richardson, has been added to the People's Library, and » very large 
number of tales has been issued. A novelty is the series of Patent Photo-relief Maps, 
of which a large number have been published. 

8. Christian Eyidence. — Special attention has been given to evidential literature 
suitable for circulation in India, and a grant of 200/. worth of the Society's publi- 
oations on Christian evidence has been made, with a view of combating the growth 
of infidelity in India ; of this grant nearly 60/. worth of books has been distributed 
among the various educational establishments throughout India. 

4. Foreign TrantlatioiL. — A very large number of copies of Holy Scripture, por- 
tions of Holy Scripture, and the Book of Common Prayer, with various elementary 
educational works, have been issued in Swaliili, Urdu, Arabic, Chinese, Tukudh, Se- 
coana, Hausa, Mota, Zimshian, Eamba, Megi, as well as some in European languages. 

XL XOHETGBAKTS.—l. At Home.— St. Katharine's College for Schoolmistresses 
was built by the Society, which has paid 1,467/. towards its maintenance this past 
year. 250/. have been given in money prizes to those pupil-teachers who, entering a 
Church Training College* obtain a first-class in the Archbisliop's theological examina- 
tion. To the London and Rochester Diocesan Boards of Education, 150/. and 100/. 
respectively have been given towards lectures and classes for pupil-teachers in the 
study of divinity. 50/. have been given to the London Board of Education towards 
the salary of an organising visitor for Church schools. A grant of the same amount 
for the same purpose has been made to the diocese of Rochester. Assistance has been 
given to the amount of 1,976/. for the building and renting of Sunday Schools, pro- 
viding accommodation for 18,007 children. A grant of 75/. to the * Wellesley * Train- 
ing Ship for religious instruction has, as in past years, been voted ; and four strug- 
gling Welsh schools and three Irish schools have been assisted. 

2. Abroad.— The largest part of the Society's income is used in the diffusion of 
knowledge both among our own countrymen abroad and the heathen. During the 
past year 1.000/. have been voted for the endowment of the Sees of Algoma and 
Waiapo, 2,600/. for the endowment funds of the clergy in the dioceses of Saskatchewan 
and Brisbane; 6,235/. have been granted for building 91 churdies, schools, &c., 
besides block grants amounting to 2,080/. ; 2,000/. have been placed at the disposal of 
the Foreign Translation Committee to enable them to continue the work of supplying 
Christian vernacular literature, and 2,500/. for the Educational Mission to the Assyrian 
Christians. Help has been given in sending out twenty-two missionaries, and aid is 
given by means of grants towards the maintenance at colleges of candidates for 
orders, catechists, readers, &c. A sum of 2,000/. has been set aside to provide student- 
ships for female Medical Missionaries. 

All commanications should be addressed to the Secretaries, Bev. W. 
H, Groye, M.A.^and Rev. Edmund McClure, M.A, (Editorial), Northum- 
berlaad Avenue, Cbaring Cross. 

^cltQtous ^racf ^ociefs* 191 


This Society was established in 1799, on the basis of united action on the part of 
Choichmen and Nonconformists in the production and circulation of Evangelical 
Literature. It was felt that, without any compromise or surrender of the distinctiye 
principles of the body to which they might individually belong, they could heartily 
co-operate in diffusing literature iDculcating and upholding those great Qospel truths 
on the importance of which all Protestant Evangelical Christians are agreed. So 
from the first the Committee of the Society has been composed of an equal number 
of Churchmen and Nonconformists. Both are represented on its editorial staff. One 
of its Honorary Secretaries is always a clergyman of the Church of England, the other 
a Nonconformist minister. 

The subscribers belong to many Churches — a very large proportion to the Church 
of England. Its grants are made without distinction to all who apply and make 
oat a case for assistance. 

The Foreign operations of the Society are also extensive through its corresponding 
Committees in India, China, Japan, &c. &c., by help given to missionaries all over the 
world. The Society does an important work in the publication of a Chjistian litera- 
ture — ^the Missionaries of all Protestant Societies participate in the help thus given, 
and some of the best-known and valued Missionaries of the Church of England serve 
on these Committees. The gprants made by the Society in aid of Colportage and in 
aid of tiie formation of circulating libraries, as well as those for the circulation of 
periodicals and tracts, are most thankfully acknowledged by Colonial Bishops and 
En^li^ Chaplains abroad. 

The amount given in grants last year was 47,722Z. 18«. 34., being 19,019/. 19«. 5^. 
more than all the contributions received. The balance was suppli^ from the trade 
receipts of the Society. 

All commnnications should be made to the Secretary, the Bey. Lewis 
Borrett White, D.D., 5G Paternoster Row, London. 


This Society was established in 1854 upon non-sectarian principles, and has since 
been actively engaged in promoting the circulation of pure and interesting literature, 
and it has suppUed books at half-price to 7,132 libraries for working men, schools, 
and other institutions, to the value of 58,300/. 

More than 100 'Magazine Associations' are connected with the Society, and 
above 1,000 parcels of the selected periodicals are sent out monthly from the office. 

Address the Secretary, Mr. Richard Turner, 11 Buckingham Street, 
Adelphi, Strand. 


The object of this Society is for the supply of Christian literature, and it has been 
estabUf^ed about six years. 

It aids the poorer Clergy by making free grants of theological books to those 
whose incomes do not enable them to purchase such, and during the last year scat- 
tered books to the value of 498/. in this way. 

Free'g^antsjof the Society's publications — books, booklets, tracts, and leaflets — are 
made to the Clergy, Missionaries, and others, for free distribution in their parishes 
and various spheres of work. The total of these grants last year amounted to 

Half-price grants of books are made to libraries for the parish or Sunday School, 
and also to Young Men and Young Women's Institutes and other libraries, and u^u 

192 ^^uxc^ of England 'gSooE ^ociefi^. 

the grant being sanctioned by the Committee the Society's * Arranged Gatalogae ' is 
sent, from which to select the volumes for the library. Last year the grants made 
amounted to 282/. 

Grants (free and half-price) of the Society's H3rmn-book * Ck)mmon Praise * were 
made to churches, &c., to the extent of 521. 

All commnnications shonld be addressed io the Secretary, Mr. John 
Shrimpton, 11 Adam Street, Strand, W.C. 



This Association was founded in 1872. 

Objects. — 1* To bring Church school managers and teachers into closer union, for the pur- 
pose of enabling them to giye expression to their opinions on any public question affecting 
national education. 

2. To protect the liberty of religious teaching in Church schools, and to enable managers 
and teachers to lend their combined inflaenoe to secure its efficiency. 

8. To enable managers and teachers to exert their due influence m the protection of the many 
important interests common to both, which are seriously affected from time to time by the 
regfulations of the Council Office. 

To effect these objects it seeks to form in all parts of the country local associations of 
managers and teachers in affiliation with itself, and to unite all local societies with similar 

The Central Council, consisting of an equal number of managers and teachers elected by 
the general body, meets monthly in London. 

A Congress is held eyexy year, to which branches send representatives to confer on matters 
of importance. 

The Congress for 1886 met at Chester. 

About finy-flix branches are connected with the Central Society. 

Commanications to be made to the Hon. Secretaries, Bey. J. S. 
Brownrigg, National Society's Office, Westminster, S. W. ; and Mr. Mor- 
gan, 45 Marshall Street, Golden Square, W. 


Thi necessity of providing literature, popular in style and pure in moral 
teaching, is becoming more and more a matter of importance, as affording 
a direct channel through which attempts may be made to counteract the 
evil influences which the spread of unwholesome publications has exerted. 
The difficulties of carrying this out upon an extensive scale are, no doubt, 
very great, as they involve financial risks which it is not generally easy to 
get undertaken. The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge has 
taken up the matter, and is rendering a most useful service in its 
endeavours to meet this admitted want. From a statistical inquiry 
which the Yeab-Book Committee is now making throughout the Dioceses 
of England and Wales, it would appear that there is a very general and 
increasing adoption of the Parochial Library and Magazine as a means 
of giving the people cheap and ready access to literature of a wholesome 
character. The multiplication of Parochial Libraries may well suggest 
whether it might not be possible to secure a much wider circulation 
of suitable literature by the interchange of books in a given Deanery or 
group of Parishes. 

Th« Soeietj for PromotiAg Ghriftian Knowledge, recognising the demand for popular 
Uteiatore, has lately published a series of books called the < People's Library.* A 

(^ifcrafttre for t^e ^othinq glasses. 193 

short description of some of the volumes was given in the Year-Books for 1885 and 
1886. Some of the writers of this series have dealt in a popular way with scientific 
and moral subjects and biography, while others have contributed interesting narra- 
tives. Ten volumes have already been published and others are in contemplation, 
the last addition to the series being a volume on * Household Health ' by Dr. B. W. 
Richardson. ' The Churchman*s Family Bible/ which is now issued complete in one 
or two volumes, is a valuable addition to the publications which the Society has 
issued to meet the wants of the people. 

Parochial Xagaiinei. — By increasing the circulation of these serials much good 
has undoubtedly been done, in introducing popular and pure literature into the 
homes of the working classes. It is to Canon Erskine Clarke that the Church is 
chiefly indebted for the idea which has led to the introduction of a parochial 
magazine into so large a number of well-organised parishes. The publication (*The 
Parish Magazine ') edited by himself is well known and has a very large circulation ; 
* The Dawn of Day,' issued by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, has 
reached a monthly issue of over 150,000 ; this magazine has recently been greatly 
enlaiged, and a coloured wrapper added, thus becoming by far the cheapest of parochial 
magazines. <Home Words* and the *Day of Days,' edited by the Be v. C. Bullock, 
have become very popular and are very widely used. A large number of other pub- 
lications specially adapted to the tastes and intellectual attainments of the working 
classes are issued from the same quarter. Among other parochial magazines doing a 
good work we should mention the following: *The Gospeller,' 'Things New and 
Old,' 'The Evangelist,' and *The Banner of Faith.' 'The Banner' and 'Fireside 
News ' are weekly papers exercising a valuable influence in counteracting the question- 
able tendencies of some of the weekly journals. 


The Ofhcul Ybar-Book for 1884 (p. 172) gave a detailed account of the 
work accomplislied by the Church through the aid of Book- Hawking 
Associations throughout the country. 

The movement may be said to owe its origin to the late Bishop of 
Rochester, who, in the year 1851 (as Archdeacon Wigram), made use of 
this agency in Hampshire. For many years the effort continued to grow 
in usefulnesSi but more recently it has been supplemented by other agen- 
cies for the distribution of books throughout our country villages. A 
certain number of local associations are still in existence, and are doing 
good work. 





.? ^ 











Book-Hawking Society 

Cambridgeshire . 
Essex, South 
Essex (Saffron Walden) 
Suffolk, West 
Sussex, East 
Yorkshire (Cleveland) . 

Honorary Secretaries 

J. Hough, Esq., Cambridge 
Rev. W. G. Littlehales, Bulvan, Romford 
Rev. Joseph Wix, Littlebury, Saffron Walden 
Algernon P. Bevan, Esq., Bury St. Edmunds 
Rev. Thomas Lowe, Willingdon, Hawkhurst 
J. S. Pennyman, Esq., Ormesby Hall, Middles- 

All communications respecting the work of the Book-Hawking Union 
sbould be made to the Rev. P. Lillj-, CoHaton St. Mary, Paignton, 

194 ^nnbaTSi l^cl^ool ^ovk. 


As sapplementary to the work of secalar edacation the religioas teaching 
of Sandaj Schools is not only increasing in importance, bat consequently 
demands the most earnest and watchfid attention with a view to gire it 
such intelligence and devotion as to qoalify it for the place which it mnst 
now hold in the Ministry of the Church. The Sunday School Institute 
has, through many long years, laboured to stimulate and direct this work, 
and as a practical result of its endeavours we now see in almost every 
Diocese some kind of distinct organisation for increasing the efficiency of 
Sunday Schools. The work as it is described in the following short 
summaries may be said to have principally a twofold aim bearing upon 
the intellectual and spiritual life of the Sunday School Teacher. With a 
view to encourage intellectual fitness, in several Dioceses there is a 
systematic provision for instructing Teachers in Bible and Church His- 
tory, the Prayer-book, and kindred subjects; this is accomplished by 
courses of lectures given at certain fixed centres during the winter 
months, the results heiast tested by annual examinations. 

To aid the growth of a higher standard of personal devotion Services 
of the nature of * Quiet Days have been held principally in the Dioceses 
of St. Albans and Manchester, though, no doubt, elsewhere ; a short 
account of which will be found in a previous section of this volume, 
dealing with the subject of spiritual aids to Church workers and 


This Society was established forty-three years ago, for the purpose of increasing the 
efficiency of Sunday Schools in the Church of England. 

Work Abroad. -> No stronger evidence of the value of its operations could be ad- 
duced than the fact that its plans and methods arc being freely reproduced by others, 
both at home and abroad. In America the Sunday School Institute Committee has 
followed up its work by the production of a monthly magazine. The work of Sundaj' 
School Organisation is progressing in Canada and Australia, where a scheme for 
voluntary examination of Teachers is under consideration. 

Work at Home.— A further and substantial evidence of the success of the Insti- 
tute's operations may be seen from the increased attention which has been devoted 
to the subject of Diooesan organisation. The Committee of the Institute is endeavour- 
ing, as &ir as possible, to assist this movement by holding local Conferences, and 
during the past year such gatherings have been held with useful results at Canter- 
bury, Peterborough, and Portsmouth 

PublicationB. — An important part of the Institute's work consists in supplying 
suitable notes of lessons, and other publications for the use of Sunday School Teachers. 
In the year 1885 the Publication Committee were successful in securing the publica- 
tion of several Courses of Lessons and other Manuals of direct practical value. 

Depatations.— Another mode in which the Institute carries on its operations is by 
sending qualified teachers into all parts of the country, for the purpose of in- 
structing teachers in the art of teaching. These tcacliers attend meetings, p^ive 

$un^(tQ ^cl^ool ^nslUttle. 


lectures and training lessons, and afford information on matters connected with 
Sunday School work. During the year, 366 yisits have been made by the Institute's 
Deputation staff. Eighteen associations have been added to the list of those which 
are in union with the Institate ; the total number of associations in union is now 
342. Of these 46 are in the metropolis, 280 in other parts of the United Kingdom and 
Ireland, and 16 in India and the Colonies. 

Teaehen* Examination. — The examination is arranged in three sections, viz, 
elementary, advanced, and art of teaching. Daring the past 13 years examinations of 
teachers have been arrange<l, and teachers from all parts of the country have entered 
for the examinations. Local centres, under the management of the local clergy, have 
been formed in all the principal towns. Preparation classes have been held in many 
of the centres, which have been found very helpful to the teachers and others who 
attended. The following table shows the last results of the examination, which was 
held in May 1885 :— 






Class I. 

* Class ir. 

Klementary .... 
Advanced ..>... 
Art of Teaching . . . 






36 106 




With regard to the general results of the working of this scheme, the following 
statistics furnished by the Examiners will be interesting : — 

Elementaby Section. 

Number of 

permitted in 
each part 

Total Number of Answers Given 


Percentage of Markd 



Lesson Sketch 



Lesson Sketch 

No. 1 

No. 2 

No. 1 No. 2 









57 56 


ADV-tVNCED Section. 

1 1 










60 6G 

Free Grants. — Free grants of Sunday School books and material have been made 
to Sunday Schools in several districts throughout the country. 

Bible Beading Union for Toung Churchmen.— The Bible Reading Union for 
Young Churchmen now numbers more than 28,000 members, and is largely localise<i 
throughout the country. Sympathy with this movement lias been Ehown in several 
of the CJolonies where Unions have been formed. 

Finance. — The subscriptions to the General Fund amount to 1,822/. S."*. dd. The 
total expenses of the General Fund amount to 2,928/. 5;*. Id. The sum of 250/. 1 2*. 4d. 
has also been received during the 3'ear for the Vniilding fund. The receipts from 
the Trade Department amount to ]1,J)40/. 15^. 8//. The total j^oss receipts for the 
year, from all sources, amount to 14.765/. 16*. 3</. 

Bioeetan Bepretentation. — In accordance with a recent resolution of the Com- 
mittee, a Diocesan representative may be elected to serve on the Committee fronx ^yv^ 

196 ^nnbayt §cf)oois— diocesan ^qanisoiions. 

Diocese containing not less than fifty membera of the IiiBtitate» and shall be elected 
for a period not exceeding three years, in whaterer manner may be arranged by the 
members of the Institute residing in that Diocese, the mode of election being ap- 
proved by the Bishop, such representatiye being resident in the Diocese. In response 
to this provision Representatives have been elected from the Dioceses of Ely and St. 

All commanications respecting the work of the Institnte shonld be 
addressed to the Secretary, Mr. John Palmer, 18 Serjeants' Inn, Fleet 
Street, London. 



Canterbury . 


Bath ft Weill 

There is no distinct orgmoisation of a Diocesan character as yet in con- 
nection with the promotion of Sanday Schools ; bat there are several 
associations existing doing a very practical work. Of these, we may 
mention the Society for East Dartford, which annually holds coarse of 
meetings for the teachers of the district, providing a series of training 
letsons and encouraging discussions upon several branches of Sunday 
School work. 

Information can be obtained from Mr. H. T. Bobins, Bexlev 

No Diocesan or Archidiaconal omnisatioo exists. In several parts of 
the Diocese associations have been rormed in connection with the Church 
of England Sunday School Institute, and meetings are held once a year 
or oftener to discuss papers or hear model lessons. 

At Middlesborough there is a Church Sunday School Union, and in 
connection with it there are quarterly meetings of teachers, and an annual 
service in one of the churches in the town. 

In the Tork Church Institute arrangements are made for instruction 

Manv of the Clergy hold monthly teachers' meetings. 

In the Scarborough Deanery an examination is held at the various 
schools simultaneously. The children's paper work is sent to the 
Secretary, and by him to the examiners. Certificates and prizes are 

Information may be obtained from the Bev. H. Toovey, 14 Grosvenor 
Terrace, York. 

In the City of York there is an organisation called the York Incor- 
porated (Church of England) Sunday School Committee. It was insti- 
tuted in 1786. There are 12 schools belonging to the Committee, 
containing 1,537 pupils, 284 of them being above fourteen years of age, 
with an averafi^e attendance of 89 per cent in the morning, and 70 per 
cent in the afternoon ; taught by 140 voluntary teachers, 46 of whom 
attend the whole day. Meetings for teachers are held; the Days of 
Intercession arc observed. A library of above 1,250 volumes for the use 
of the teachers is extensively used. 

Information may be obtained from Mr. John Howard, 3 New Street, : 
York. ! 

Local circumstances tend rather to prevent Diocesan or Archidiaconal 
organisations ; but there are many local associations, and in some of the 
towns instruction classes for teachers. L^K^ meetings of Sunday 
School teachers have been held at Castle Cary, Seavmgton, Bath, 
Bridgwater, Old Geeve, Yeovil, and the Sunday School Intercession 
(October 18 and 19) is regularly observed at Taunton, Weston-super- 
Mare, &c. 

S^tm^Ofi S^ci^dols— 5>ioc6satt ^xqanisation$. 197 

Batli ft WeUs 

— COflt. 




Oboanisation A— continued. 

ChiohetUr . 

There is no organised inspection of Sanday Schools ; Sunday School 
teachers are invited to submit to the examinations held in May for the 
pupil-teachers under the direction of the Diocesan Board of Education. 

Information may be obtained from the Rer, II. Roe, Rectory, Poyn- 
tington, near Sherborne, Dorset. 

The Committee appointed by the Diocesan Oinference, and referred to 
in the Yeau-Book for 1884, has been successful in forming; Sunday School 
Associations in several Deaneries. 

Model lessons are given, and examinations of teachers are frequently 
held. The Ckimmittee also issues annually a syllabus of lessons, the 
annual sale of which has been about 3,000 copies. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. B. W. Wilson, Lazonby 
Rectory, Penrith. 

A Diocesan Sundav School Association has been formed under the 
presidency of the Bishop, with the general design of aiding Sunday 
school work in its several branches throughout the Diocese. The first 
year's progress has given encouragement to hope for greater results in the 
future. There are at present ten affiliated associations embracing over 
100 separate schools. The Committee has issued a syllabus of lessons 
which nas proved generally acceptable. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. F. L. Farmer, Mill- 
brook Vicarage, Stalybridge. 

There is no definite organisation at present, but a Committee has been 
appointed to further the efficiency of the Sunday School system, and 
submits its Report from time to time to the Diocesan Conference. A 
Diocesan system of examination for the Beaior classes in Sunday schools 
has been provisionally accepted by the Bishop's Council on Education, 
somewhat on the lines of the Sundny School Institute. 

A considerable number of Sunday School teachers in the Diocese 
have presented themselves at diflcrcnt centres, and passed the examina- 
tions of the Sunday School Institute. 

From a report recently issued by the Diocesan Committee it appears 
that there are approximately 3,577 teachers in the Diocese, a considerable 
increase upon the numbers previously returned. Several new associations 
have been formed within the last year. 

Information may be obtained from Canon Crosse, Uastings. 

In addition to H.) a Catalogue of Books and Publications useful for 
Teaching ; (ii.) A Scheme of Subjects suggested as a guide to the Clergy* 
for Organismg Graduated Teaching in their Sunday Schools ; and (iii.) 
a Form of Service for the Admission of Teachers, the Society has now 
issued (iv.) Sunday School Teachers* Resolution Cards, copies of which 
have been sent to everv Incumbent ; and (v.) Forms of Certificate, signed 
by the Bishop, of Admission to the Office of ' Diocesan Teacher,* for 
which all teachers are eligible, who are Communicants, of not less than 
20 years of age, and have had an experience of at least 2 years in 

The second Triennial Festival of the Society was held in the Cathe- 
dral on Wednesday, June 23, under the presidency of the Lord Bishop. 
There was first a* Conference in the Cathedral at 11.15 a.m., ou the 
following subjects : — I. The Aims, Duties, and Position of a Sunday 
School Teacher. II. How to secure for our Scholars adequate Instruc- 
tion in the Faith. III. Means of retaining and influencing Sunday 
Scholars. At 2.45 p.m. a special festival service was hcUl, with a sermon 
by the Lord Bishop of the Diocese. The attendance of Clergy and 
teachers was estimated at over 1,500. 

Supplementary meetings of Clergy and teachers, of a similar type to 
the Diocesan festival, were held at convenient centres in the Archdea- 
conries of Bedford, Sudbury and Huntingdon : and at Assington (for the 
Deanery of Sudbury), St. James*s, Bury St. Edmundo, St. M.«.\X\ift.V«^ 


198 ^nnbayt ^cl^ools— JHoccsan ^rgattisafiotts. 



Ely — cont. 


Glouceiter ft 





Cambridge, and other places, ' Diocesan Teachers ' were publicly enrolled 
with service in Church. 

The sole condition of membership in the Society is that the Sunday 
school desirous of joining the Society shall forward, through the clergy- 
man of the parish, an application to that effect to one of the Honorary 
Secretaries^ Kev. £. T. Marshall, Manea Vicarage, March ; or Rev. K. 
Appleton, Trinity College, Cambridge. 

There is at present no distinct Diocesan organisation, but a Committee 
appointed by the Diocesan Confierence watches over the interests of Sunday 
Scnool work at large, and reports from time to time. 

Information may be obtained fh>m the Venerable Archdeacon Sanders, 
Sowton Rectory, Lxeter. 

No Diocesan organisation exists ; but in the city of Gloucester there is 
an association of teachers, under the presidency- of one of the local Clergy, 
which meets once in two months. At these meetings, lectures and train- 
ing lessons ore given. An annual examination is also held in Glou- 
cester, in selected portions of Holy Scripture and the Prayer Book, 
for Church Sunday scholars and members of Bible classes ; and prizes 
have been awardea for proficiency in these subjects, which are presented 
by the Bisho{> and the Dean. It is in contemplation to widen the area of 
t&e examinations so as to embrace the whole of the Deanery of Gloucester, 
taking in every doss of school. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. £. C. Scobell, St. Luke*s 
Vicarage, Gloucester. 

No Diocesan or Archidiaconal organisation at present. But associa- 
tions in connection with the Church of England Sunday School Institute 
exist at Hereford, Ross, and Bewdley. There are also several other 
parishes affiliated to this Society. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. Alfred Relton,The Laurels, 

Sunday Schools. — A scheme has been set on foot whereby the Bishop 
will give letters of recognition to Sunday School Teachers who — 

(a) Being 25 years of age have done five years* good service. 

(b) To adult Teachers in Day Schools who have worked in a Sunday 
School for two years. 

(c) To Teachers, above 20 years of age, who, after two years' efficient 
ser\*ice, pass an examination under the Sunday School Council. 

( d) To Teochers who, having gone through a prescribed course of 
training and instruction, have worked efficiently tor two years. 

A course of training and instruction for Sunday School Candidate ; 
Teachers to be^n at the age of 14, thrown over a period of three years, 
is suggested, with an examination at the end of each year ; the result of 
each examination to be entered on a Diocesan Certificate to be presented 
to them. At the end of the third year's successful examination they be- 
come regular Teachers. 

The jmporbince of Sunday School Teachers* Unions all over the Diocese, 
as well as special meetings for deepening the spiritual life, is insisted on. 

It h also proposed to hold a Triennial Sunday School Teachers' Festival 
in the Cathedral. 

The subjects for the first examination of Sunday School Candidate 
Teachers to be held in December 1887 have been specified. 

An examination of Sunday School Scholars in fixed subjects through- 
out the Diocese, is held in Advent of each year. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. Canon Lonstlale, The 
Close, Lichfield. 

No general Association of Church Sunday Schools exists in the 

The sub-committee api)ointed by the Lincolnshire Diocesan Board of 

Education (which consists now of twenty-two members) ha.s invited the 

I assistance of several Qergy in various deaneries of Lincohishire, who are 

ready, when desired, to give model lessons and addresses, and to assist in 

^unboQ gici^ools— Pioccsatt ^XQanisalions. 199 


lincolB — c(mt. 



the examination of Church Sunday Schools. They have also publi8be<l 
a short list of books for the use of teachers. 

Four ruridecanal associations exist in Lincolnshire^ in two of which 
aoarterly meetings have been held, and lectures on Church history 
aelivered during Ust year. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. C. K. Jarvis, Hatton 
Rectory, Wragby, Lincolnshire. 

No complete or official Diocesan organisation exists as yet, but 11 
associations — 8 being in Liverpool and its suburbs, others at Hindl<nr, 
Pemberton and Up-Holland — ^bave been formed in connection with the 
Liverpool Church of England Sunday School Institute (Offices, Library, 
and Beading Room, b Commerce Court, 11 Lord Street), and are cordially 
recognised by the Bishop. Associations also exist at Ormskirlc and 
Prescot, while others are in course of formation and will be ultimately 
affiliated to the Liverpool Sunday School Institute. A special effoit 
is now bein^ made, in accordance with a resolution passed at two 
successive Diocesan Conferences, to systematise Sunday School work 
throughout the entire Diocese ; and it is hoped that eventually the 
whole of the Diocese may be included in the Liverpool Institute's area. 

The Liverpool Committee are again issuing a syllabus with notes of 
lessons (4th series, but each complete), a large sale having been secured 
in three previous years. 

The number of Church Sunday scholars connected with the Liverpool 
Institute is 52,791, with 3,679 teachers in 144 schools. The approximated 
number of scholars in unaffiliated Sunday Schools is 21,795, with 1,441 
teachers in 76 8cho<^. Total for Diocese 74,586 scholars, 5,120 teachers, 
220 schools. 

The average attendance of teachers has been 82 per cent., and of 
scholars 73 per cent. 

The Days of Intercession on behalf of Sunday Schools were observed 
in an increased number of parishes. A pastoral letter from the Bishop, 
together with a circular requesting special prayer on the need of more 
improvement in the number and efficiency or the teachers, was issued to 
the Clergy and superintendents throughout the Diocese, and the Institute 
held a central service for Clergv and teachers. 

The results of the Teachers* iBxamination have not q^uite equalled those 
of former years, but those of the Scholars* Examination show a marked 

£lder Scholars, — Belonging to 108 schools which have answered 
inquiries, there are 9,143 scholars over 15 years of age on the books. 

In Liverpool there are monthly meetings of Clergy and teachers, in 
the countnr half-yearly or quarterly meetings, for discussing Sunday 
School topics, arranging for examinations, preparing notes of lessons, 
establishing preparation classes for teachers, collecting statistics, and 
arranging for special services. There is also an annual conversazione 
held in connection with most associations. 

Separate Service* for Children, — ^Ninety-three services in connection 
with the Church of England are held in Liverpool each Sunday, of which 
39 are in the momiug, 51 in evening, and 3 in afternoon. The average 
attendance both morning and evening totals 10,818 children and 521 
helpers. There are 30 special speakers on the Institute's list, and 8 
visitors to Children's services. 

Information may be obtained from Rev. Frank B. Tyrer, M.A. (^Vicar 
of All SainU), 156 Queen's Road, Liverpool, President of the Institute ; 
or from F. Gregory Jones, Esq., 27 St. Domingo Grove, Everton, Hon, 
Secretar}'. The office of Hon. Clerical Secretary is vacant. 

No organisation, Diocesan or Archidiaconal, exists. 

Examinations for teachers are conducted at certain centres by the 
Church of England Sunday School Institute. 

It is in contemplation' to have Sunday Schools (in parishes where 
there are no Church Day Schools) examined in religious knowledge by 
the Diocesan inspector. 


200 §ttn5ap gic^ools— S>ioccsatt ^xqani&alions. 

Organisations— 0r»fi^n«0<i. 

Llandaff— 0(m^. 

Oxford . 

Xancheiter . 

Severfti Sunday Schools (in Board School diatricts) hare notified their 
willingness to be inspected — and two such schoola were inspected in 
1886, with yery satisfactory results. In some parishes the bilingual 
difficulty is felt to stand in the way. The Diocesan inspector has 
drawn up a syllabus, approved by the 'bishop, for the guidance of such 
schools — and the Bishop has offered prizes for proHciency in C-atei^hism 
and Prayer-book knowledge. 

At a' recent Diocesan Conference a proposition was made to form a 
Sunday School union for the Diocese, bat no decision was come to ; the 
Bishop, however, promised that a committee should inquire into the whole 
subject, and report. 

There are within the Diocese several local Sunday School unions, 
formed to promote and ^ve definiteneas to Sunday School work. 

Information concemmg the examination of Sunday Scholars in Bo&rd 
School districts may be obtained from the Rev. A. J. H. Rusaell, St. 
John^s Villa, Penarth, Cardiff. 

The examination of Sunday Scholars and Teachers forms a depart- 
ment of the Diocesan Board of Education. 

The work of the Board in this department has developed rapidly 
within the last few years. 

A syllabus of lessons with notes for Teachers is issued before Advent 
in each year. 

Monev grants are made by the Board to contribute to the efficiency of 
Sunday Schools. 

There are several Sunday School associations in the Diocese, for ruri- 
decanal or other districts, and in some of them a plan of inspection is 
organised ; but there is no general scheme of inspection of Sunday Schools. 
The examination for Teachers is held in Lent, and that for Sicholars in 
November of each year at 88 different centres. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. J. Swinburne Bateson, 
Clerical Assistant ^retary, Diocesan Chambers, 51 South King Street, 

The instruction of Sunday School Teachers is included in the Diocesan 
Scheme for Higher Education in Religious Knowledge. This scheme, 
which in many respects is a new departure in Diocesan organisation, takes 
as its principle the duty of the Church to instruct systematically in 
religious knowledge adults as well as children, and the upper and 
educated as well as the lower and less educated classes. Accordingly the 
Diocesan Board of Education, with the direct sanction and authority of 
the Bishop, suggests each year a course of study in (1) Holy Scripture, 
(2) the Prayer-book, (8) Church History, recommending at the same 
time books of reference, and arranging examinations with certificates for 
those who pass. 

In coimection with this course of reading lectures are given in various 

Earts of the Diocese. This year (1886) such lectures were delivered in 
ent at 20 different centres, with an aggregate attendance of at least 

A Church History Society, established last year, astiists in carrying 
out the scheme by (1) issuing ' occasional papers ' on the subjects of the 
course, (2) establisning lendmg libraries at various centres, (3) putting 
out intermediate papers of questions for guidance in reading, and in 
preparing for examinations, (4) holding drawing-room meetings, (5) for- 
warding reports to members and assisting their studies in various ways. 
The Society already numbers 700 Lay and Clerical members and 

The Diocesan scheme includes a system of visiting upper schools and 
examining them in religious knowledge. 

Local associations exist throughout the Diocese, which hold meetings 
for discussion and mutual counsel. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. A. Carr, Bishop's 
Examiner, St. Sebastian's Vicarage, Wokingham. ( 

^tmbajst §c^ool»— diocesan ^tQanisalions. 201 

Oboanisations --{kmtinued. 



St. Albaaf 

The subject of giving more direct enconragement to the work of 
Sunday Schools has been brought under the notice of the Diocesan 
Conference, and though no steps of a very practical kind hare been taken, 
there is every prospect of an Association being speedily formed. 

Northampton Ruridecanal Sunday School Association. 

This Association, which was described in the Ybar-Book for 1884» hat 
held several meetings during the year just past, concluding with a festival. 
I^ectures and model lessons were given by various Clergymen and laymen 
in different parishes of the town. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. Canon Barker, liushden 
Rectory, Northampton. There are also Ruridecanal Associations at 
Leicester and Peterborough, actively working. The Rev. A. C. Odell, 
St. Mamret's, is Secretary for Leicester. The Rev. C. Dowman, Long- 
thorpe, Peterborough, is Secretary for Peterborough. 

In 1878 the Diocesan Board of Education appointed a permanent 
Sub-Committee to promote the efficiency of Sunday Schools. This Com- 
mittee has circulated throughout the Diocese a statement on the general 
subject, and has prepared annually a syllabus of New Testament lesson.^. 

In this Diocese there is g^reat difficulty in obtaining a due supply of 
competent teachers. 

The improvement of Middle Class Schools, and inclusion of them in 
the educational system of the Church, would probably do more than 
anything else to remedpr this- defect. 

A special examination of voluntary Sunday School teachers was held 
for the first time in November 1884. The results of the experiment 
justify the hope that it may prove to be of no small value. 

There are several local associations of teachers. Cards have been 
issued, signed by the Bishop and the parochial Clergymen, to teachers 
duly qualified. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. H. C. Powell, Wylye 
Rectory, Bath. 

A Society was formed in the year 1882, called the St. Albans Dio- 
cesan Sunday School Society, the objects and methods of which were 
detailed in the Ykar-Book for 1884. 

Archdeaconry of Essex and Colchester. — The fifth annual festival of 
the Essex branch was held last year on July 15 at Halstead, when in the 
place of the anthem Stainer's Cantata ' The Daughter of Jairus ' was 
performed by the choir, assists by members of the London Lay Helpers 
Association. The sermon was preached by the Rev. H. Montagu Villiers. 
There have also been successful meetings of Ruridecanal Societies at 
Mistley, Birch and other centres. 

Cards with the Bishop's signature have been issued to teachers in 
union with this Society, and for the last four years a syllabus of lessons 
has been published. 

In union with this Society there are about 1*2 ruridecanal or district 
associations, making in all some 146 parishes affiliated to the Diocesan 

For several vears an examination of selected Sunday scholars has 
been conducted by Dr. Hill of Stanway. Last year 105 candidates were 
entered for examination at seven centres, when 7*1 children passed success- 
fully, 24 obtained honour certificates, and 7 obtained prizes. 

Information connected with the work of the Society in the Arch- 
deaconries of Essex and Colcheter may be obtained from the Rev. W. J. 
Packe, FeeringR Vicarage, Kelvedon. 

Archdeaconry of St, ^/&in«.— The Association for the Archdeaconry 
continues to watch for opportunities of assisting the extension and 
development of the Sunday School system. During the past year atten- 
tion was mainly devoted to arranging a series of Devotional Services for 
Sunday School* Teachers, which proved of the greatest service. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. Frederick Bumside, 
Rector of Hertingfordbury, Hertford. 


202 ^unbayi gJcl^ooIs— S^ioccsttn ^rganisttfions. 



St. DftTid*8 



DioceuLH Board of Education, — ^Tbe Diocesan inspector is prepared 
to examine Sunday schools. Twenty schools have been, more or le^s, 
thoroughly examined in the year 1886, as against 15 in 1^5. 

A syllabus of instruction for Sunday Schools is issued annually, being 
an extract from that in use in the day sdiools, so that the two schools may 
co-operate each year in the same work. This syllabus is circulated 
throughout the Diocese, and is doing something (it is believed) to promote 
systematic teaching in Sunday Schools. The Diocesan Board of Educa- 
tion awards honour certificates to Sunday scholars who pass a satisfac- 
tory examination (partly in writing and partly vivd voce) before the 
inspector, in the Sunday School syllabus. Thirty-four scholars have 
gained certificates in 1886, as against 17 in 1885. On the whole, the 
work of the Diocesan Board of Education in connection with Sunday 
schools is a growing one. 

Archdeaconry of Brecon, — On June 15, 52 scholars from Glascwm, 
Newchurch, ana Birngwyn, met in the parish church of Bryngwvn, to 
be catechised by the Diocesan inspector. Tea and sports followed. 
This is an annual gathering. 

Archdeaconry of Cardigan, — Gatherings of Sunday Schools are held 
annually in several centres, for examination in a pre\'iou8ly prepared sub- 

Archdeaconry of Carmarthen, — ^A Teachers* Association exists for Car- 
marthen and the neighbourhood. Two meetings are held in the year, one 
in English and one in Welsh, at which papers are read and discussions 
take place. lion. Sec Rev. J. Lloyd, Vicarage, Llanpumpsaint, Car- 

Archdeaconry of St DavuTi, — ^The Teachers* Association for the 
Deanery of Dungleddan has held its usual two annual meetings during 
the 3''ear 1886. At each a paper was read and a model lesson given, and 
at the latter the members attended a service in Church, and a sermon was 
addressed to them. The AssociaUoti has now concluded the second year 
of its existence, giving much to be thankful for, but still more to be 
hoped. Hon. Sec Rev. I. Gray Lloyd, M.A., F.S.A., Wiston Vicarage, 

In the Welsh district, in the north of the Archdeaconry, the * pwnc * 
still flourishes. The ' pwnc * is an examination of Sunday scholars in a 
prepared subject. Several schools often meet together for this purpose 

The Diocesan Committee is entrusted with the general superintendence 
of all Church Sunday School work in the Diocese It consists of a Clergy- 
man and a layman elected by each of the Decanal Conferences, with 
other members added by the Diocesan Conference. 

A syllabus of five courses of lessons is drawn up annually. An exami- 
nation of teachers (^advanced and elementary') is held twice a 3'ear, and 
certificates ore granted. One hundred and one teachers were examined 
in 1886. 

The object of the examinations is not to afford a single test of suffi- 
cient proficiency, but rather to act as an encouragement to a continuout 
course of study. 

Fifty-nine teachers have already completed their number of six passes, 
which entitles to the Bishop's certificate ; thirteen teachers have obtained 
the full certificate for twelve passes. 

The Diocesan Committee is also empowered to meet in 12 Ruridecanal 
sections, each section comprising the resident members of the Diocesan 
Committee, and other members added by the Decanal Conference. 

Meetings of Sunday school teachers from one or more Deaneries have 
been held this year in eleven out of twelve deaneries. At these meetings 
model lessons have usually been given, or papers have been read. Amongst 
the subjects discussed may be mentioned the following : — * The Sunday 
School in reference to the Day School,* * Sunday School Reform,* • Bad 
boys, and how to treat them,*^ « Rewards and Discipline,' * Catechising 
or addresses, which is best for the children,* * The teaching of the Cate- 
chism,* * The Sunday School regarded as the feeder to Confirmation/ 

^unbajgi ^cl^ools— diocesan Organisations. 203 

Oboanisations — continued. 


Tmro — cont. 



* Holy Communion and Church Life/ * The Apostlen* Creed as the ground- 
work of Religious Teaching,' * How to Manage a Class. 

The total number of children on the books of Sunday Schools in the 
Diocese from the returns made to the * Diocesan Kalendar, 1886/ is com- 
puted at 19,650, being an increase of 378 over the number returned in 
the preceding year. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. F. J. Bone, Stratton 
Vicarage, North Devon. 

The Diocesan Church Education Society provides a ' Prize Scheme ' 
examination for senior scholars (over fifteen), and for Junior scholars 
under fifteen, who are not day scholars. 

The prizes are annually presented in the Chapter House at Worcester, 
on the Saturday in Easter week. 
" The Diocesan Inspectors inspect Sundav Schools when desired. 

There is an annual festival for the Arcbdeaoonry of Wbraester in tbe 
Cathedral, and the Chapter House is ^nted for a Conference. For the 
expenses of the festival a special grant is made by the Board of Education. 

In order to provide for the encouragement and improvement of Sunday 
Schools the Board of Education will, if desired by the parochial Clergv, 
provide lecturers to give lessons and addresses to teachers at certMn 
selected centres in the several rural deaneries. 

The object of such lectures is to encourage and help Sundav School 
teachers in the method and matter of their work, especially with a view 
to the S3rstematic teaching of the Catechism and the rest of the Book of 
Common Prayer, as well as of the Holy Scriptures. 

The Board will also hold an annual examination of such Sunday School 
teachers as are willing to present themselves through their respective 
Clergymen in the several parishes, in order to obtain a certificate signed 
by the Bishop. The first examination took place on Saturday, March 27, 
when 53 persons presented themselves for examination at 13 different 
centres. Out of the 53, only 3 failed to satisfy the examiner. 

Many of the papers reached a high standard of merit, and were the 
work of clever and cultured minds. 

The future examinations are appointed to take place annually on the 
third Saturday in Februarv. All communicants recommended by their 
parish Clergyman, not being certificated, acting, or pupil teachers, are 
admissible as Candidates. 

These suggestions are framed to meet a widespread desire that teachers 
should coDtinue,with increasing definitencss, to prepare the children in the 
schoolroom and elsewhere for catechetical instruction. 

Mem. — On August 5, the annual meeting of the Sunday School 
teachers of the Archdeaconry of Worcester was held at Stratford-on-Avon. 

The Conference was preceded by a service in the Church. An 
address was ^ven by the Rev. G. Arbuthnot, Vicar of Stratford-on-Avon. 

Information may be obtained from the Rev. E. J. Houghton, Blocklcy 
Vicarage, MoretOn-in-Marsh, Hon. Secretary. 


In the Year-Book for 1884 (p. 185) an endeavour was made to trace 
the extent of the existing provision for higher education based upon the 
principles and teaching of the Church of England. The Report com- 
prehended a Tabular Record of Church of England Schools for Boys and 
Girls. The Council of the Church Schools Company is in a position to 
report such progress as will afford encouragement for the complete 
success of the movement. The following pages will enable the reader to 

gather some idea of the existence and working of the several orranisa- 
tions which are endeavoaring to compass the edacation of a class of 
society which manifestlj presents so manj and strong claims to the care 
and guidance of the Church. 


Origin. — In 1848 the Bey. N. Woodard, seeing the necessity that existed for the 
oducation of tlie middle classes, formed a plan to found a toeiety of men, united as 
fellows of a college or collies, to build, endow, and carry on schools for the upper, 
middle, and lower middle classes. 

Organisation. — This society of men, professionally devoted to the cause of educa- 
tion, has been in existence now for many years. In addition to the fellows there 
are associates, men who have been trained in these schools as masters ; probationary 
associates, who are preparing for their teachers* certificates; and servitors. The 
government of the whole rests with the provost and fellows, who transact their 
business in chapters and college meetings. The Society is not yet incorporated, but 
it is enrolled to promote education among the middle classes in the principles of the 
Church, whose doctrines must be taught unfettered by any conscience clause. It is 
proposed to found five central colleges, each under the rule of a provost and fellows. 
Two of these central colleges are in existence, SS. Mary and Nicholas Lancing in the 
South, and SS. Mary and John of Lichfield for the Midland district Each of these 
colleges is to embrace a series of schools of three grades, with three corresponding 
grades of charges. 

The following table shows briefly the object and work of these schools. 

Bonthem Di^sion. — In the southern division of St. Nicholas College the Bishop 
of Winchester is Visitor, and the Rev. Canon Woodard, Provost. 

SCHOOLS nr ukiok. 

Kame of School 

Lancing College, 

The Coll^;e. 






Ardingly Col- 
lege, Hayward*8 
Heath (for 440 

Social Class for which 

the School is 



The sons of gentle- 
men, prepara- 
tory to Univer- 
sities and higher 

For boys of the 
middle class — 
sons of pro- 
fessional men, 
Clergy, Army 
& Navy Officers 




since its 


For sons of gentle- 
men of narrow 
means, trades- 
men, farmers, 
and others, to 
whom education 
at a small cost 

now in 






Teaching Staff 

13 Graduates, 1 Ger- 
man Professor 

Head Master, Rev. 
Dr. Sanderson 

10, 6 of them in 
Holy Orders, 6 
graduates, and by 
members of the 
training school for 

Head Master, Rev. 
C. E. Cooper, MA. 

Chaplain, Ilev. H. H. 
Bell, M.A. 

6 in Holy Orders or 
graduates, and 16 

Head Master, Rev, F. 
M. D. Mertens,M.A. 

Head Master of the 
North School, Rev. 
F. K. HUton, M JL 

§U ^tcl^olas College anb ifs ^cl^ools. 205 

Schools in Union — oontinued. 

Name of School 



Social Class for which 

the School is 


St. Michael's 
Ck>llege, Bognor 





dnce its 

now in 


Teaching Staff 

For daughters of 



Lady Warden, Miss 

F. Wheeler 
Head Mistress, Miss 
I Cameron 

Wetten DiTision. — There is one school in this division, the Bishop of 
Bath and Wells is Visitor ; at present it is under the direction of the Froyost of 

Oct. Boys of middle 147 49 

1880 class educating 
for the Universi- 
ty, army, profes- 
sion, or business 

King's College 
School, Taunton 

Head Master, Ber. 
G. O. L. Thomson, 
M.A., Oxon 

Midlawi! IHTision. — The Bishop of Lichfield is Visitor, and the Rev. Canon 
Lowe, Provost. 

St. Chad's Col- 
lege, Denstone 
(for 250 boys ; 
will shortly be 

for 400) 
Ellesmere Col- 
lege, Salop 
(for 160 boys) 

St. Augustine's 
Grammar School, 
Dewsbury * (for 
St. Anne's, 
Abbots Brom- 
ley (for 72 girls 
— boarders) 

St. Mary's, 
Abbots Brom- 
ley (for girls — 
30 boarders and 
20 day scholais) 









Public school 


For sons of pro- 
fessional men, 
of farmers, and 
of tradesmen 

Day school for 
middle - class 

For daughters of 
men, and of the 
middle class 

For daughters of 
men, and of the 
lower middle 










14 Under Masters 
Head Master, Rev. 

8, and others 
Head Master, Rev. 
John Bullock, M. A. 

Head Master, the 
Rev. W. H. Fisher 

Lady Sub-Warden, 
head mistress, 5 
teachers, 4 student 
teachers, 1 matron 

Head Mistress, Miss 

Lady Sub- Warden, 
lady in charge, 3 

Miss Rownson 

Of both these the 
Lady Sub- Warden 
is Miss Alice M. 

* The Bishop of Ripon is Visitor, and the Provost of Denstone is the director. 

2o6 ^^mc^ ^c^ools S^ig^^et i^tabc. 


This Ck>mpany was formed in 1877 in order to provide an education for girls in 
aooordance with the principles and teaching of the Church of England. This work 
is being carried on with the entire sympathy of the Bishop of I^ndon and by the 
active operations of an influential committee. The Bev. Canon Holland is acting as 
chairman. Two schools have been opened, one in the neighbourhood of Regent s 
Park, and the other in the neighbourhood of Eaton Square, in which about 320 girls 
are under education, besides 100 children in the Kindergarten department. 

All oommnnicatioDS to be addressed to the Bev. Canon Holland, The 
Precincts, Canterborj. 


This School has been founded, under the presidency of the Bishop of Winchester, to 
provide an education for girls of the middle class upon the principles of the Church 
of England. There is already accommodation for forty boarders, and this will be 
promptly increased. 


This School was opened in 1860 by the Bev. P. B. Egerton, B.C.L., late Fellow of 
New College, Oxford. It is intended principally to furnish an education upon tlie 
principles of the Church of England to boys who do not, as a rule, proceed to 
Universities. The staff consists of the principal and ten assistant masters. Since 
its opening upwards of 1,400 boys have passed through the school. 

Address Bev. P. B. Egerton, Principal. 


This School, situated in Merton Boad, South Wimbledon, has been established with 
the Intention of combining a cheerful, well regulated home, conducted on Church 
principles, for young lady students, with sound art education. The College is under 
the patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Information may be obtained from Miss Bennett, The Chiirtb, South 


This School was opened on May 7, 1886. There are already 44 boarders and 12 day 
scholars. When funds are forthcoming the building will be extended, according to 
the original design, so as to accommodate 100 boarders. 

GommtinicationB should be made to the Bev. W. H. Flecker, Head 
Master, or to the Bev. T. H. Clark, Hon. Sec, Weston- Super-Mare. 


The work of this College was commenced in the year 1879, and has been ever since 
steadily progressing. The building is situated at Bamsgate, and at present there are 
225 boys under tuition. The College is under the management of a Council of Clergy 
aod liaity, and has been founded to afEord a sound education bas^ on the 
Protestant and Evangelical principles of the Church of England. 

Information may be obtained from the Bev. E. C. D'Auguier, Head 


(Supported by the Society of Anci^it Britons. Founded 1716. Reorganised 1882.) 
This School, which is situated at Ashford in Middlesex on the London and South- 
western Railway, offers to all girls of Welsh parentage a first-class education, costing 
the charity between 60/. and 60i. per annum, for the reduced rate of 32/. There is 

^i^urcl^ ^c^oots ^ompanvt, ^xmxteb. 207 

accommodation for aboat 150 girls, all of whom are boarders. The staff consists of 
12 mistresses and a matron. 

Address the Rev. J. Stndholmo Brownrigg, Vice-Treasurer, National 
Society, Sanctuarj, Westminster, S.W. 


The Church Schools Company dates its legal existence from July 1883, and was in- 
augurated at a public meeting in Willis's Rooms, with the Archbishop of Canterbury 
in the chair, who warmly commended the movement on the following lines : — That 
the object should be to establish for boys and girls above the class attending ele- 
mentary schools, schools of various grades, providing at a moderate cost a thoroughly 
efficient education in accordance with the principles of the Church of England, the 
right of withdrawing a scholar in the day schools from religious instruction being 
reserved to the parent or guardian. That, where practicable, local committees should 
be formed to support and assist the Central Ck)uncil in the management of each 
school. That the schools should be annually examined both in religious and secular 
knowledge by representatives of the Universities, or of King's College, London, or by 
other competent persons appointed by the Council. 

The Company conmienced active work in the establishment of schools at the 
beginning of January, 1884, when the first school was opened under its auspices at 
Surbiton, for girls. There are now 12 schools in operation. The preponderance of 
gills* sdiools is due to the fact that far more ample provision is found to exist for the 
education of boys of all classes than for girls. 

Altogether the number of pupils receiving education under the Company's manage- 
ment is over 900, and in nearly every case the schools established maintain a steady 
increase of pupils each term. 

The share list now numbers 9,306 shares, representing nearly half the nominal 
capital of 100,0002. 

It is a principle of the Company not to undertake the establishment of a sdiool 
unless a certain proportion of the capital required is subscribed in the locality 

The number of appeals that have been received from different parts of the country 
for the establishment of such schools would seem to denote a real want, and to justify 
the new effort to assist in meeting it. 

In addition to the schools alr^idy established or contemplated by the Company, 
it is worthy of notice that there have arisen, as an indirect result of its action, several 
fresh and independent efforts by others in a like direction. 

The following is a table showing the number of schools which have been opened 
under the direction of the Company : — 

No. of Fapils 




Brighton, 56 Old Steine 
Buiy-St.-Edmund's, Northgate Street 
Dewsbury, St. Mark s 
Durham, 33 Claypath 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, Jesmond Road 
Richmond (Surrey), Church Road 
Stoke Newington, Cazenove Road 
Streatbam, Gleneldon Road 
Sunderland (Boys'), Bedc Tower 
Sunderland (Girls'), Park Terrace 
Surbiton, Surbiton Park Crescent 
Tottenham, Drapers' College 

Miss Bennett. 

„ Babington. 

„ Smallpeice. 

„ Gray. 

„ Ackerley. 

„ Wallis. 
Mrs. Raisin. 
Miss Van Oordt. 
Rev. Watson Hagger. 
Miss Gilliat. 

„ Nixon Smith. 

., Woolley. 


2o8 $ociefs fox t^e ^vopaQalion of fl^c i^ospel. 






A SHOBT historical accoant of the origin and growth of this Society has 
been furnished in previoas volames of this Book, so that it is unnecessary 
to refer again to this subject. 

It is well known that the objects of the Society are : (1) To receive, 
manage, and dispose of funds contributed for the religious instruction of 
our fdlow-countrymen beyond the seas ; (2) to provide a sufficient main- 
tenance for an orthodox Clergy to live among them ; (8) to make other 
provision for the Propagation of the Gospel in those parts. 

Larger than that of any previous year, by nearly 0,000/., was the income for the 
Society's General Fund for the year 1885. While the main Increase in the Society's 
General Fund has been in the very fluctuating item of legacies, there has been, 
nevertheless, a thankworthy increase of 563Z. under the more important item of 
collections, subscriptions, and donations. The following are the details : — 

1. Oeneral Fund.— Collections, subscriptions, and donations, 78,0062. 8t. \d.; 
legacies, 19,639Z. ISs. ; rents, dividends, &c., 4,179/. 6». Sd. ; total, 101,825/. 12«. 9d, 

2, Special Fundi. — Opened with the sanction of the Standing Committee, and 
administered at their discretion for the benefit, in each case, of the Diocese 
or Mission specified by the donors. Collections, subscriptions, and donations, 
11,340/. lU, 5d.; legacies 127/. 19^.; rents, dividends, &c., 4,179/. 12«. 6d. ; 
total 16,146/. 2*. lid. Gross income of the Society, 117,971/. 15#. ^, 

Summary of Work.— Offers of 33 volunteers for work in foreign parts have been 
considered by the Board of Examiners, appointed by the Archbi^ops of Canterbury 
and York and the Bishop of London, during the past year, and 1 6 gentlemen have 
gone forth to their respective spheres of work. 

The number of ordained Missionaries, Including 10 Bishops, now on the Society's 
list, is 575. They are distributed as follows : 166 are labouring in Asia, 142 in Africa, 
15 in Australia and the Pacific, 195 in North America, 31 in the West Indies, and 26 in 
?!)uropc. Of the totul 325 arc ministering to English-speaking people, and 250 are 
working among the heathen. Of the latter number 100 are native clergymen. There 
are also in the various missions of the Society about 1,700 catechists and lay 
teachers, mostly natives, and about 350 students in the Society's colleges. 

248 persons were added to the list of incorporated members during the year 1885. 

The following is a very brief summary of the work of the Society in all parts of 
the world : — 

I. ASIA. — Calcutta. — The Missions in this Diocese are in four groups — (a) Assam ; 
(b) Bengal ; (c) Chota Nagpore ; (d) North- West Provinces. Of the 41 ordained 
Missionaries, 26 are Natives. During the year Mr. Endle, of the Assam Mission, 
l^ublished a grammar of the Eachari, or, as it should strictly be termed, the Bara 

^ocieft! for flje propagation of t^c Utospel. 209 

The Chota Nagpore Mission now numbers 13,292 baptized persons, besides 506 
catechumens. There are now 6,023 communicantii in this interesting field. The 
16 native Clergy are entirely supported by their flocks. 

Lahore. — The Bishop of Lahore, in the course of his fourth visitation, spent ten 
days in Delhi in the spring of 1885. His Lordship, in reporting on his visit, said: — 

•There is such steady growth in the various departments of this great Mission 
that the ordinary space of time allowed for a Bishop's visitation is wholly insufficient 
to meet the requirements of the case : and a Bishop, though he were the strongest 
and ablest, must be embarrassed by the multitude of interesting and important works 
into which his inspection must distribute itself.' 

The Rev. T. Williams is continuing his important work at Rewarri. 

Bangoon. — In the city of Rangoon, St. John's College, under the management of 
the Rev. Dr. Marks, maintains its high educational character. It has on its rolls 
nearly 600 boys, and as a result of its twenty-one years of work * St. John's boys* 
are doing well in all parts of the countrj', and are ever willing to help their old 
school, to which they owe so much. 

The Rev. J. Fairclough, who is in charge of the Mission at Kemmendine, a popu- 
lous suburb of Rangoon, and of the Training Institution, which is the apex of the 
graduated educational establishments of the Diocese, reports that there are in the 
Institution at present 8 students, of whom 6 are Karens. 

The great interest of Indian Missions centres at the present time in Burma. It 
was by the foresight of Bishop Cotton that this portion of the mission field was 
assigned to the Society more than twenty years ago, and now by the royal proclama- 
tion of January 1st, 1886, Upper Burma, a country larger in area than Great 
Britain and Ireland, and containing a population of 4,000,000 souls, has been added 
to the British Empire. It was at the end of 1879 that the Rev. J. A. Colbeck, who 
had bravely maintained his position as the Society's Missionary at Mandalay, was at 
length compelled to leave that city. On December 22, 1885, he re-entered it. In 
that month the Bishop had telegraphed to the Society for 3 additional Missionaries. 
The Society has been enabled to send them. One is a Mr. F. W. Sutton, a medical 
man who has left his practice in England for missionary work, and another is a 
brother of Mr. Colbeck. The latter on reaching Mandalay was allowed to take pos- 
session of the premises, and found them in better condition tlian he expected. The 
font given by Her Majesty the Queen had been moved, and some small marble pillars 
are missing, but the Bishop uas undertaken that these shall be supplied, and the font 
be reverently replaced in its original position. 

Kadras. — The Missions are in three groups — (a) Tinnevelly and Ramnad ; (b) 
Trichinopoly and Tanjore ; (c) Madras, Arcot, the Telngu country, and Hyderabad. 
There are 43,278 baptized Christians in the Society's Missions, besides 13,344 cate- 
chumens. The communicants number 13,040. Of the 55 Clergy 40 are natives. In 
Tinnevelly the Nazareth Mission, under tlic Rev. A. Margoschis and 3 native Priests, 
is steadily progressing in prosperity. The Christians are seeing and acknowledging 
the necessity of depending less and less upon money received from outside, and of 
becoming self-supporting and independent of others. Five congregations provide 
the whole of the salaries of their catechists and schoolmasters ; five more provide 
three-fourths of the pay, and four others give half ; none are exempt from such pay- 
ments. A few statistics of this Mission will show the growth that exists in some of 
the South Indian Missions : — 

1876 1885 

Catechists, Readers, and Masters 31 57 

Congregations 26 44 

Baptized Persons 3,809 5,171 

Communicants 742 1,401 

Catechumens 523 895 

The work of the Society in the Telugu country is one that at the present time 
attracts unusual attention, partly because of its needs, and partly because of the 
attempt to supply those needs. The great want in the Telugu country is native 
pastors and trained teachers. There are at present 3,495 baptized Christians, and 
2,265 catechumens. To minister to these there is not a single native pastor, and at 
present but two European clergymen, with one Eurasian, and very few pro^il^ 


3 lo glocief ti fot i^c ^topagaitOtt of i^^ ^os)>«I. 

trained native lay teachers. There are many of the lower classes ready to come over, 
bnt there are not the teachers to train them ; and to receive them without proper 
teachers is simply to introduce what must be a weakness to the Church of Christ. 
The Bishop of Madras wrote some time ago :~'The number of inquirers is consider- 
able ; but it would be far larger if tlierc were an adequate number of native teachers. 
I fear the deficiency must continue to be felt till the Nundyal Institution has been 
in operation for a few years/ 

At present direct evangelistic work in the Telagu country is quite beyond the 
power of the two Missionaries who are now alone in the field. Their time is taken 
up in the Nundyal Institution, the administration of the sacraments, and in minister- 
ing to the native Church. The formation of a native clerical and trained lay staff 
are the first things to be aimed at. 

Bombay.— The Missions are in Bombay itself, at Dapoli, and Poonah, and in tljc 
famous Ahmednagar and Kolhapur fields, from which most encouraging reports con- 
tinue to be received. 

Colombo. — The Diocesan Synod has been revived, and great efforts are being 
made to secure the Church from injury by the withdrawal of State aid. 

Singapore, Labutn, and Sarawak.— In the Straits Settlements the field is ever 
widening, and at Singapore itself the Rev. W. H. Gomes carries on his polyglot 
work, holding services for Chinese, Tamils, Malays, and Cinghalese. The Tamil 
Deacon, the Rev. S. Balavendrum, reports several adult baptisms among hia own 
people at Penang, and on the occasion of a Hindu heathen festival the new converts 
accompanied him and the Mission agents, and, taking their place in the crowd, for 
three days expounded to the people the simple truths of the Gospel and distributed 
portions of the Holy Scriptures. On similar occasions in past years such appeals led 
to frequent interruptions, but now the truth of Christianity is admitted although 
Christianity be not itself embraced. 

The work in the island of Borneo continues to extend, and demands more agents. 

From Province Wellesley the Rev. H. M*D. Courtney reports that although local 
support has considerably diminished, the income of the Mission has increased by the 
enlarged grants which his excellent schooLs have earned from the Government. 

Vorth China. — The two Missionary centres in this Diocese are at Peking and 
Chef 00. Bishop Scott and his small band of helpers continue their arduous work. 

Japan. — Bishop Bickersteth was consecrated on February 2nd, 1886, in succession 
to Bishop Poole and has thro^-n himself into the work. He is anxious to establish a 
l^lissionary brotherhood similar to that at Delhi, and the Society has made a grant to 
enable him to carry out this plan. 

The Rev. A. Lloyd is appointed by the Japanese Government Professor in tlie 
Royal Naval College, a position which increases liis already wide influence. Now, i f 
ever, is the opportunity for the English Church to be the instrument for evangelising 

n. APBICA.— Province of Soath Africa.— The eight Dioceses of this Province arc 
those of the mainland with St. Helena. In all of them the Society's work is pro- 
minent. 122 of the Clergy are its Missionaries, over 40 of them being Missionaries to 
the heathen. The Bishop of Bloemfontein (Dr. Kniglit-Bruce) has reache<l his Diocese. 
The Bishop of Zululand reports the revision of the translation of the Prayer-book. 
Bishop Bransby Key has t>ecome Bishop of St. John's by the resignation of the Vener- 
able Bishop Callaway. 

Manritini. — Good work continues to be done among the Indian coolies. 

ICadagaicar. — The new Station Mahanoro promises to be a great success. Con- 
siderable translation work has been produced by the Rev. F. A. Gregory and the 
staff at the College. 

m. AUSTRALASIA.— Aajtralia.— After ninety 3 ears of careful nurture, and an 
expenditure of more than 226,000/., the Society's aid is restncte<l to the Dioct-sos of 
Sydney, North Queensland, and Perth, and to the unsettled regions en the north (if 
the Continent. In Perth there are enormous fields of work among gold-diggers, a^'ri- 
cultural settlers, and not least the aborigines. 

Fyi, Korfolk Island, and Honolulu.— The Society makes grants to these distant 
islands towards the support of the Clergy. 

lY. BRITISH KORTH AXEBICA.— On the work in British North America the 
Society has spent nearly one million and three quarters sterling, in addition to 

^ocicfn for l^e ^topaqaiion of tf)e ^ospcL 211 

nearly a quarter of a million spent daring the last century in the colonies which 
became the United States. 

At the present time there are one thousand Clergy in British North America. 

The nineteen Dioceses fall into foor divisions, consisting of the three eoclesiastical 
ProTinoes of the Dominion, with Newfoondland, which civilly, as well as ecclesiasti- 
cally, is isolated. 

The three Provinces are : that of Canada, which has nine Dioceses ; that of 
Bapertsland with six ; and that of Columbia with, three. 

Prorinee of Ganada. — This includes the Missionary Diocese of Algoqaa, which is 
largely helped by the Society, and eight other Dioceses, of which Quebec and Frede- 
ricton have to straggle with much poverty. Four Dioceses are now independent of 
the Society's aid. In addition to renewing the annual grants to these five Dioceses 
to the extent of 6,367/., the Society has voted 500/. towards the endowment of the 
See of Algoma. 

ProTinee of Bapertsland. — The rapid settlement of the country continues, and the 
Dioceses of Rupertsland, Qu*Appelle, and Saskatchewan continue their efforts to be 
equal to the demands made upon them. The death of Bishop McLean is a heavy 
loss. His work since his consecration as first Bishop of Saskatchewan has been mar- 
vellous. The Society has g^ven considerable sums towards the endowment of the See 
of Qa*Appelle ; the fund now reaches 6,000/. The annual grants to these Dioceses 
amount to 3,962/. 

Prorinee of Colombia. — The Society helps the Dioceses of New Westminster and 
Caledonia, embracing Colonial and Missionary work. 

VewfDiiBdlaad.— The Society's grant of 2,900/. helps to support 40 out of 61 
Clergy in this poor Diocese. 

Y. THE WEST IKDIE8, AND SOUTH AKEBICA.— To the six Dioceses of the 
Province the Society affords valued aid, that to Jamaica being for the work on the 
Panama Isthmus. The interesting Mission work among the Indian and the Coolies 
in Guiana continues its growth. In addition to 2,670/. in annual grants, the Society 
has voted 600/. to be spread over three years in work in the Windward Islands, which 
are suffering from the withdrawal of State aid, and 500/. towards completing the 
endow ment of the See of Antigua. 

YL BUEOPE. — In augmentation of its grant of 200/. a year for the Continent, 
the Society has voted 300/. to be spent in three years. 




(In Connection with the Missions op the Society for the 

Propagation op the Gospel.) 

I. Object!. — The objects of the Association are— (1) To provide female teachers 
for the instruction of native women and children in the missions of the Society ; 
(2) To assist female mission schools by providing suitable clothing, and a maintenance 
for boarders. To carry out these objects funds are raised in England by establishing 
iSranch Associations throughout the country for collecting subscriptions, care being 
taken that no Association shall divert or interfere with subscriptions to the Society. 

II. Administration. — The funds thus raised arc administered by a committee of 
ladies, aided in their deliberations by two members of the Standing Committee of 
the S.P.G., and by the Secretary of the Society. Total receipts in 1884, 6,837/. 
Expenditure, 6,287Z. 

m. Progresa of the Association.— In 1867 the first teacher was sent out to Mada- 
gascar, and in the following year two ladies went out to join the Delhi Zenana 
Mission (which had been commenced by Mrs. Winter about two years previously), 
and a schoolmistress was sent to Burmah. In 1869 the work of the Association was 
e::tended to South Africa. Zenana Missions were gradually established, at Calcutta 
in 1870, Bombay in 1871, Cawni^re in 1872, Madras in 1^70, Ahraednagar iu \?>S(\, 

V 1 

2 1 2 ^ocicf B for t^c ^ropttgttf iott of l^e (^os)>eL 

Roorkee and Kolapore in 1881, and at Tanjore in 1882. Schools also were opened or 
assisted with grants in South Africa, Madagascar, and Japan. 

lY. Present Operationi.— In the Zenana Missions at Ahmednagar, Bombay, Dapoli, 
Kolapore, Calcutta, Cawnpore, Delhi, Roorkee, Madras, and Tanjore, about 2,000 pupils 
are under instruction. In addition to the pupils in the Zenanas, and in the schools 
connected with the Zenana Missions, about 1,250 girls are being taught in the schools 
connected with the Ladies' Association in Burmab, Japan, Madras, Madagascar, and 
South Africa, and 180 are maintained and educated in S.P.G. schools at the expense 
of members of the Association. One hundred and forty-fiye teachers are now on the 
list of the Association. Between 200 and 300 English working parties oontribate 
a large quantity of work and native clothing, which enables the Association to send 
out in the course of the year about thirtv-tive large and valuable boxes to various 
missions in India and South Africa. 

Full information about the missions and proceedings of the Ladies* Association 
will be found in their monthly Magazine, * The Grain of Mustard Seed.' 

Commnnications should be addressed to the Secretary, Ladies' Asso- 
ciation, S.P.G., 19 Delahaj Street, Westminster. 


In Marcli the Society lost its President, the Earl of Chichester, after fifty- 
one years' active service in that office. Captain the Hon. F. Uande, B.N., 
Treasnrer, was appointed President, bat he, too, died in October. Sir T. 
Powell Baxton, Bart., has accepted the office of Treasurer; bot the new 
President is not yet appointed. 

**« The receipts of the year ending March 31 were— Ordinary Income, 201»237^, or 
3,025^ more than 1884^, and 835/. more than the highest amount ever before re- 
ported. In addition, 30,982/. was received on account of various special funds. The 
Ordinary Expenditure was 211,992/., which, after allowing for the portion chargeable 
to the Bxtension Fund, left a deficit on the year of 7,370/. Almost the whole of this 
was wiped off by special gifts within three weeks of its being announced. 

The year was marked by much development of home organisation, and efforts to 
stir up a more vigorous missionary spirit. In London, in addition to the * Lay Workers* 
Union for London,' with its 300 members, two new Unions have been established, 
viz., the * Ladies' Union for London,' which has already enrolled over 600 members, 
and the * Union of Younger Clergy for London,' which has now 200 members. The 
members of these three Unions have frequently gathered in large numbers at the 
Society's House, for conference, lectures, &c. Nearly fifty such gatherings have been 
held, including some meetings of Sunday-school teachers, m^cal students, civil 
servfimts, and bank clerks respectively. A * Gleaners' Union for Prayer and Work ' 
has lately been started, which has enrolled 2,000 members in the first five months. 

In February, Simultaneous Special Missionary Meetings were held in all parts of 
England and Wales, about 800 in all, within one week. Nearly 200 clergymen and 
laymen acted as special deputations on this occasion. In several towns, the meetings 
were reported to have been the largest and most stirring ever held in the neighbour- 

Twenty-six can4idates for missionary service were accepted during the year 
ending May 1, thirteen for training, and thirteen ready to go out. Of the latter, five 
were graduates and four ladies. 


Africa: West— The Native Christian communities at Sierra Leone and Lagos 
continue to flourish as regards external organisation. About 5,000/. is raised by them 
yearly for their own Church objects. Sierra Leone sent two of its clergy as a depu- 
tation to England to obtain fiurther help. Fourah Bay College has much revived 
under the Rev. F. Nevill. Special Parochial Missions were conducted at both Sierra 
Lcono and I^pfos by two Knjylish clcreymon from the ClinrcJi TarocJiial Mission 

^^urcl^ ^issiottars ^octets- 213 

Socket with crowded congregations and mnch apparent blessing. Bishop Ingham 
has oidained two more Africans, making about seventy from the first. On the Niger 
Buhop Growther labours as assiduously as ever. A new Henry Venn mission steamer 
has iMen sent out. Linguistic work in the various Niger languages is vigorously 
fnrosecQted, chiefly by the African Archdeacon, the Yen. Henry Johnson, upon whom 
Gambridge has lately conferred an honorary M.A., the first to a native of Africa. 

Afriea : East and Central. — The chief event of the year was the murder of Bishop 
Hannington. After ordaining two African deacons and two English priests, and 
eonfirming thirty-three African converts (freed slaves) at Frere Town, he started in 
July 1886 for Uganda, taking a new route only previously traversed by the traveller 
Thomson. The dangers of this journey were much feared, but they were success- 
fully OTeroome, and the Bishop reached the borders of Uganda safely ; but there he 
was seized and cruelly put to death, probably on October 29, by order of Mwanga, 
the young King of Uganda, who had taken alarm at the rumours of German annexa- 
tions, and objected to a white man approaching by the new route, the ' back door ' to 
his country. In June 1886 a terrible persecution broke out in Uganda, and some 
fifty converts were tortured and pat to death by firo and sword. Yet the applica- 
tions for baptism hare not oeased, and twenty were baptized within a month of the 
massacre. Translations of Scripture portions, hymns, and prayers, have been 
printed by thousands and circulated. In September only one missionary, Mr. 
Mackay, remained in Uganda. 

At the intermediate stations in Usagara, Unyamwezi, &c., ten missionaries are 
faithfully labouring ; and a few converts were baptized in the year. On the coast, 
at Mombasa and Babai, extensive work is going on ; and a new outpo&t has been 
oocnpied in Chagga, at the foot of Mount Kilima-Njaro. The Rev. H. P. Parker, M. A ., 
one of the Society's missionaries in India, and late chaplain to the Bishop of 
Calcutta, has been consecrated to the vacant bishopric in Eastern Equatorial Africa. 

Bgypt, Palestine, Persia, %tt, — These missions to Mohammedans have been rein- 
forced by five additional missionaries, making 17 in all, and providing for four medical 
missions, at Gasa, Baghdad, Ispahan, anl Aden, the last-named being a station 
newly oconpied this year. General Haig has been on an exploratory visit to the ports 
on the Red Sea, to inquire into the possibility of missionary efforts both in Arabia 
and the Soudan, for which latter field 2 JOO/. has been contributed to the Gordon 
Memorial Fund. 

India.— Ten new missionaries have been sent to the Society's Indian stations, five 
of them graduates, but the need of reinforcements, especially for important posts in 
high schools and divinity colleges, is still great. From nearly all parts the reports 
are enoonraging. The total of adult baptisms in 1865 was 1,680, of which 574 were 
in Tinnevelly, 800 in Travancore and Cochin, and 236 in the Telugu Mission. The 
largest number at any one station was at Aurangabad, where the Rev. Ruttonji 
Nowroji baptized 255 converts. 

All branches of missionary work are carried on at the 89 stations occupied in 
India by 126 European missionaries, 132 native cleigy, and 2,107 native lay teachers 
of various grades. In Calcutta the most varied methods of evangelisation have been 
prosecuted among all classes, from the educated babu to the scavenger and the leper. 
In the Leper Asylum there were baptisms, making 50 in the last 20 years. In the 
Krishnagar district, systematic itineration is not only winning converts, but rousing 
the 6,000 native Christian villagers from a very dull spiritual state. In Santalla, 
where there are 3,000 native Christians, special < Mission Services ' have been held 
for their benefit, and much useful translational work is going on. In the great cities 
of the North-West Provinces, the numerous important institutions have been well 
worked, particularly St. John's College at Agra, the Divinity School at Allahabad, 
the Female Normal School at Benares, the Lucknow High School, the Secimdra 
Orphanage, &c. The Gond Mission is being developed and extended, and is winning 
converts. The Bheel Mission is beginning to reach the timid and ignorant moun - 
taineers. On the plains of the Punjab prospects are most encoupging. ' Never before,' 
writes one missionary of experience, * have I seen the country so full of the fairest 
promises of a coming rich harvest.' The Medical Mission at Amritsar is extending 
into the villages. A remarkable movement has begun among the Chuhras, a low-caste 
aboriginal people, and hundreds are being received into the Church. In Kashmir, the 

214 ^f)Xttcf) ^issiottarg gocicfs* 

terrible earthquake, like the famine of 1878, gave the missionaries many opportuni- 
ties of showing forth the philanthropy of the Gospel. At the stations on the A^han 
and Beluch frontiers, the fort is faithfully held, but progress is slow ; and the same 
must be said of Sindh. The new mission at Quetta has been opened, but the senior 
8indh missionary, Mr. Shirt, who went up to start it, has died, deeply lamented. 
Bombay and the other stations in Western India sorely need reinforcement. The 
bright spot there is Aurangabad, already mentioned. 

In South India the organised native Christian communities are a leading feature. 
In and around Madras, almost all the work, except the mission to Mohammedans, is 
in native hands. Tinnevelly has celebrated the Jubilee of Bishop Sargent, and 
recorded the fact that in 1835, when he went out, there were 8,693 Christian adhe- 
rents in 224 villages, with one native clergyman ; while in 1885 there were 56,287 in 
1,008 villages, with 68 native clergy. This is for C.M.S. districts only ; S.P.G. figures 
would be additioniJ. In Travancore, Bishop Speechly has made the Rev. Koshi 
Koshi the first native Archdeacon in India. The colleges at Cottayam, the mission 
to the Hill Arrians, and the work at Trichur, have exhibited specially encouraging 
features. The Telugu Mission, on the Kistna and Godavari rivers, is expanding 
despite the failure of health of several missionaries. From the Noble High School 
to the humblest village preaching, all is energetically worked. The South Indian field 
generally is benefiting much by the William Charles Jones Fund, which assists the 
native councils to maintain evangelists, and the F. R. Havergal Fund, which has 
enabled several of Miss Havergal's works to be translated into two or more 

Ceylon. — The senior missionary. Rev. W. Oakley, has died after fifty-one years' 
service, unbroken by a single visit home. Progress is reported from all the stations, 
especially Cotta and Jaffna, and from- the Tamil Coolie Mission. There were 130 
adult baptisms. Many native Christians were confirmed by the Bishop of Colombo. 
The Salvation Army has been a source of disunion and perplexity among the native 
Christians in some districts. 

Mauritias. — The smallest of the Society's mission fields, but an important work 
is done among both Hindoo and Chinese coolies^ on the sugar estates. There were 
99 adult baptisms in the year. 

China. — In the southern provinces of Kwan-tnng and Fuh-Kien, the Gospel ceases 
not to spread among the villages and towns of the interior ; but in the Che-Ejang 
province, the Society's field in Mid China, progress is slower. The adult baptisms of 
the year numbered 318. The most interesting features of the year were : — the suc- 
cessful work of the Medical Missions, particularly at Hang-chow, where a large new 
hospital has been opened ; the earnest evangelistic efforts of the Chinese Cfirlstian 
students in the Ningpo College, who have formed themselves into a kind of Church 
Army, under the guidance of the Rev. J. C. Hoare ; and the Native Mission to Corea, 
organised by the Christians of Fuh-Kien. Remarkable testimony is borne to the 
reality of the work of this and other Societies by Miss C. F. Gordon-Cumming, 
in her recently published * Wanderings in China.' 

Japan. — The late Bishop Poole has been succeeded by Bishop Edward Bickersteth, 
who has been cordially received by the missionaries and native Christians, and pre- 
sided in May over the Seventh Annual C.M.S. Conference. The Society's staff has 
been strengthened by the return of missionaries who had been on furlough. There 
were 98 adult baptisms in the year, raising the number of Christians to 519. The 
first convert has been baptised from the Aino aborigines in Yezo. The new college 
at Osaka is doing an important work. 

New Zealand. — From Auckland Diocese, Archdeacon Clarke writes that he is 
* thankful to give a brighter report than ever before.' ' Intemperance has practically 
ceased, and the tavern-keepers complain that they get no custom.' * In nothing are the 
Maoris behind other Churches.' Even the Hauhaus in the ' King Country ' are becom- 
ing more friendly. From Waiapu Diocese Archdeacon Williams's report is not less 
encouraging, relating mostly to meetings of native Church boards, openings of new 
churches, &c. One of these new churches at Ohinemutu, which has a Maori clergy- 
man and Maori churchwardens, is represented in the frontispiece to Mr. Froude's 
' Oceana.' In Wellington Diocese Hauhauism still prevails, but among the Maori 
Christians the temperance movement has done much good. 

Vorth-West Ameriea. — In the five Dioceses of Moosonee, Rupert's Land, Sas- 
katchewan, Athabasca, and Mackenzie River (three of which are almost wholly 
supported by the Society), the work among the various tribes of Red Indians, and 
among the Eskimo, has gone on prosperously, but the recently formed Missions to the 
Blackfoot and Blood Indians of Saskatchewan have not reported visible fruit. At 
Rampart House, the remotest of all the stations within the Arctic Circle and on the 
borders of Alaska, a devoted young missionary, Mr. Sim, has died from exposure 
and want of sufficient food, he having denied himself to feed the Indians of the 
Tukudh tribe, 2,000 of whom are Christians. The recent death of the Bishop of 
Saskatchewan is a gjeat loss to the Missions in that Diocese. 

Korth Paeiflo. — The schism at Metlakatla continues, but a deputation (General 
Touch and Rev. W. R. Blackett), sent out by the Society, has fully confirmed the 
Committee in the justice of their policy in supporting Bishop Ridley and the Indians 
of the Church of England against the seceded majority. The other Missions in the 
interior of British Columbia and on Queen Charlotte*s and Vancouver's Islands are 
progressing in a most encouraging way. 

STATISTICS (May, 1886.) 

Stations 271 

Missionaries in Holy Orders : European . . . 230 

Eurasian, &c II 

Native 260 


European Lay Missionaries 38 

Lady Missionaries 20 


Native Christian Lay Teachers of all grades . . . 3»289 

Native Christian Adherents 185,878 

Of whom baptized (about) 160,000 

Schools 1,868 

Scholars 70,000 

Communications should be addressed to the Secretaries, Church 
Missionary House, Salisbury Square, E.C. 


The Church of England Zenana Missionary Society (in co-operation with the Church 
Missionary Society) was formed in 1880, by those members of the Indian Female 
Normal School and Instruction Society who thought that the work might be better 
done by an exclusively Church Society. The object of the Society is * to make known 
the Gospel of Christ to the women of the East in accordance with the Protestant and 
Evangelical teaching of the Articles and formularies of the Church of England/ Its 
affairs are conducted by a Committee in London ; its agents are Christian women 
who seek to win their Eastern sisters to Christ by means of Zenana visitation, 
medical missions, village missions, normal schools, Hindu and Mahommedan female 
schools, llible-women, and the like. Besides one station in China, and one in 
Japan, they have 39 stations iu the Dioceses of Calcutta, Madras, Lahore, Travan- 
corc, and the missionary districts of Tinnevelly. The work in India is under the 
direction of 4 corresponding committees for Calcutta, Madras, the Punjab, and 
Travancore respectively, the llishop being in each case I^esidcnt. Tlie present 
staff is 91 missionaries in home connection, 48 missionaries in local connection, 
349 Bible-women and native helpers : 488 in all. There are between 500 and GOO 
associations, formed in connection with the Society in England, Ireland, the Conti- 
nent, Australia, Canada, &c. &c. The work is regarded as pre-eminently women's 
work, and not only the agents abroad, but the President, Vice-Presidents, and 
Committee are ladies. The results have been most encouraging. The number 
of Hindu and Mahommedan houses open for Zenana visits is constantly on the 
Increase. Village work, too, is developing continually. By the Society's school* 

2i6 Zenana ^issiottars S^ocicfs* 

many high-caste pupils arc reached, and a large number of Mohammedan as well 
as Hindu diildren are trained in the Word of God. The Society*s agencies are 
especially directed to female evangelisation, the Christianising the ladies of the 
East, and the families of the upper classes. The income for the past year, exclusive 
of the Capital Fund, has been 21,374/., as compared with 20,725/. in the year 

All commanications to be addressed to the Rev. Gilbert Kamej, 
9 Salisbury Square, E.G. 


Obioinated in the efforts of the friends of some missionaries of the C.M.S. to 
assist them in their work. A monthly paper was first issued in 1868 as a means of 
communication between missionaries of the C.M.S. and their friends at home. In 
1870 an Association was formed, and took its title from the * Missionary Leaves * 
which had been issued monthly. 

The objects of the Association are to supply the missionaries and stations of the 
C.M.8. with help in money and material towards such requisites as it is not in the 
province of the Society to supply, but which aid nevertheless is found to be most 
helpful in the various works undertaken by the missionaries. All the members of 
the Committee are members of the C.M.S. Committee. 

The Funds of the Association are expended upon the maintenance of children in 
C.M.S. mission schools ; the erection of mission churches, schools, &c. ; the purchase 
of the accessories of public worship, such as church furniture, bells, books, har- 
moniums, &c. ; and towards Missionary Diocesan Funds, and other similar objects. 

During -the last fifteen years the Association has received and forwarded contribu- 
tions in money to the amount of 29,878/. and in goods to the value of 18,803/. 

In the year 1885 the C.M.S. invited the Association to administer the funds 
provided for 'Special Objects,' and to receive, pack, and forward goods intended for 
particular mission stations. The work of the Association has thus been greatly 

Information as to the wants of different mission stations and the best 
way of rendering help, can be obtained on application to the Secretary, 
H. O. Malaher, Esq., 20 Compton Terrace, Islington, N., to whom idl 
communications should be addressed. 


A FULL account of the various Mission stations having been given in the Year- 
book of 1883 it will only be necessary to report progress. 

The income of the Society for the past year amounts to 11,849/. 0«. 9d. Total 
expenditure 13,815/. 14*. dd., involving sale out of Reserve Fund of 1,858/. 

The work of the Society has been carried on with perseverance and considerable 
success at the Southern Mission and on the East and West Coasts. 

The Southern Mission is likely to be much developed by reason of the Rev. 
Thomas Bridges, late chief of the Mission, having taken a large concession of land 
from the Argentine Government, and settling his family upon it — giving a large 
amount of industrial employment to the natives, and carrying on spiritual and educa- 
tional work amongst them as before. The natives in this case will be principally of 
the one tribe. The Argentine Government made a gift of Gable Island to Mr. 
Bridges as a token of their great appreciation of his 30 years* labours amongst the 
natives of Tierra del Fuego. Mr. Bridges has been over in England for a few 
weeks, and has returned to Tierra del Fuego, taking with him Mr. E. C. Aspinall, 
who has been appointed by the Committee to undertake spiritual work at the 
Bonthem Mission. 

The work amongst the seamen, ashore and afloat, at Pemambuco and Rio is a 

$ottf]^ American ^issionarfi gJocicffi. 217 

mofit bappy and prosperous one, Mr. Walker and Mr. Hooper proving themselves 
most Mthfnl and zealous as friends of the English sailors — and of safiors of other 
lands too. 

The work at Rosario, under the Rev. G. M. S. Adams, is going on very well. The 
schools are finished and in full work. The Rev. J. Dominquez is now assisting him 
in the work amongst the Spanish population. 

Satisfactory progress is also to be noted at Lota, Chaneral, Fray Bentos, the 
Alexandra Colony, and Chupat. 

The Bishop of the Falkland Islands is, as usual, active in the oversight of his 
enormous Diooes^ travelling from station to station — to cheer or to correct — but 
always to give fr^h life to the spiritual labours of his Clergy or Lay Missionaries 
in their isolated posts, and under difficulties such as we little dream of in our own 

All oommimications should be made to the Secretaries, 11 Serjeants' 
Iim, Fleet Street, E.G. 


The Colonial Church Society and the Newfoundland School Society were united on 
January 1, 1851, and formed into the Colonial Church and School Society. The 
present name was adopted on May 1, 1861. 

The Newfoundland School Society was formed in the year 1823, with a view to 
benefiting, in the first instance, the poor settlers in Newfoundland, who in point of 
religious and moral instruction were in a most deplorable condition. The founders 
of the Society then entertained the hope that, if God prospered the design, it might 
in due time extend its operations to the other North American colonies. Its beneficial 
effects were soon acknowledged on all sides, and in the sixth year of its existence an 
attempt was made at further extension, and British North America was added to the 
original designation. This design, however, was not practically carried into execiition 
till the beginning of 1839, when the Society established its first school in Lower 

The Colonial Church Society was established on September 23, 1835, for the 
purpose of sending Clergymen, Catechists, and Schoolmasters to the colonies of Great 
Britain, and to minister to British residents in other parts of the world. It was 
united, on January 1, 1851, with the Church of England School Society for Newfound- 
land, and the two Societies were designated the Colonial Church and School 

The amalgamation led to rapid growth of its means, and an extension of its 
operations, and its name was changed again in 1861 to the Colonial and Continental 
Chnrch Society. 

The Society's present labours arc carried on in thirty Colonial Dioceses, situated 
in British North America, India, Australia, and other parts of the world. 

The following comparative statistics will sliow the progress of the Society since 
the year 1861 : — 

Agents employed. 

ISol 1886 

Clergymen 18 106 

Schoolmasters, female teachers, and pupil teachers in training 83 137 

101 2i3 

The income for 1885-6 was 40,010/. 

Montreal. — During the past year very considerable progress has been made 
towards placing the Society's work in this Diocese upon a more permanent basis. 
The heavy burden of debt, at one time amounting to nearly twenty thousand dollars, 
is now little more than eight thousand, and this sum, it is hoped, will be paid off 
in the near future. 

The model school in Montreal has been very full during the year under the staff 
of teachers. 

2 1 8 Colonial and Continental ^l^urci^ $ociefi;. 

French evangelisation is a difficult and discouraging effort at the best. The 
people are blindly attached to their own faith. They are taught to hate Protestantisni, 
and no sooner does one of them embrace the truth than he must either leave the 
province, or stay to endure much persecution and obloquy ; yet signs are not wanUng 
which speak hopefully for the future. Meanwhile the Mission affords an open door 
to all who, dissatisfied with the Roman Communion, sock the ministrations of the 
Gospel of Christ in their own tongue. 

Quebec. — The Bishop of Quebec, in writing, says that the Society's grant, in con- 
junction with another from the Diocesan Church Society, enables the local Committee 
not only to keep the schools in operation in poor districts where they would other- 
wise collapse, but to secure Christian influence and control in them. 

Huron. — The mission field seems to be widening year by year, and new stations 
are being opened out in all directions, taxing greaUy their limited means ; but the 
spiritual wants are supplied in faith that God will move the hearts of His people to 
devise liberal things for the support of His cause and the extension of His kingdom. 

Samia India Misiion and Kettle Point. — The Rev. John Jacobs took charge 
of this Mission in 1869. At that time there was not a single mission building 
at Kettle Point. Now there is a handsome and commodious church, which is an 
ornament to the Mission ; a school-house, where the children of the Mission are 
taught ; and a comfortable and commodious teacher's house. 

Diocese of Nova Scotia.— Some of the missions in this Diocese, now served by 
only one missionary, are nearly as large as many dioceses in England. There is no 
trouble to find work for missionaries in this province of Nova Scotia. The Committee 
are continually receiving calls—' Make us a small grant, and we can get along ; ' * Help 
us a little till we can get on our feet ; ' * We have been without a clergjrman for years 
— send us some one.* Could but our friends and subscribers both in England and 
elsewhere read the letters continually received, and see the work done by the mis- 
sionaries, they would gladly contribute more, in order, to supply the pressing needs. 
The Committee are doing all they can do, but not one half of what ought to be done. 
It is very hard to refuse assistance where the case is so deserving, but they are 
obliged to turn a deaf ear, and too often others step in and do for our brethren of the 
Church that which we fail to do. Our Church has lost many — very many — of her 
children by this means. 

Newfoundland. — The number of scholars on the school registers during the past 
year was 1,874, showing an increase of 85 over the numbers in 1884. Of these 556 
attended the central schools in St. John's. A cliange has been made in the master- 
ship of the boys' school here, which has led to a large addition of numbers, and a 
marked improvement in the discipline and general efficiency of the school. There 
were 42 pupil teachers in training at these schools during the twelve months ; 35 of 
that number were sent by the Boards of Education, 23 hetving completed their term 
and passed their examination have entered upon their duties as outpost teachers. 

Fredericton. — It is now 34 years since an association in connection with this 
Society was formed in the Diocese of Fredericton. When the Society commenced iis 
operations there were about 40 clergymen in the province, and, according to the last 
report of the Diocesan Church Society, there are now 77 with the Bishop and bis 
coadjutor. The first agent sent out by the Society was a schoolmaster, who, after 
working some time in this capacity, became disconnected, but is still engaged in 
teaching in St. John's. The next agent was appointed to take charge of St. Mary's 
Mission in 1858. Not less than 20 other clergymen have been associat<Hl with the 

fiupertiland.— The Rev. Canon O'Meara, of St. John's College, Winnipeg, has 
lately returned from inspecting two of the Society's missions. The fii*st mission he 
visited was that of High Bluff and Poplar Point. *A clergyman is here working liard 
amongst the people, visiting them frequently, and has most excellent congregations. 
The parsonage is now in a good condition. Services are held on alternate Sundays at 
Poplar Heights, some ten miles north of Poplar Point, and he is much encouraged by 
the attendance at the services and the general interest taken in them. 

Canon O'Meara also visited Minnedosa. The work here is going on very well. 
The new church is a very neat and comfortable little building, and without any debt. 
The new parsonage is very nearly complete. A service is held every alternate Sunday 
at Neepawa, a flourishing town on the Manitoba and North-Westem Bailwa^, aomQ 

Colonial anb ©oniin^ntal i^^utc^ ^ocUfg. 219 

twenty miles from Minnedosa. The court-house is used for service, and affords a 
very commodious place for worship. 

Safkatchewan. — The Society's missionary is doing a good work in the town of 
Prince Albert. There is a large number of young men in the town, and nearly 100 
mounted police. These are most diligently visited, as well as other members of the 

Jamaica. — On account of drought, Jamaica has had an exceptionally trying time 
during the past year. In many parts of the country people have had to travel eight 
or ten miles for water, and those provisions which constituted not only the principal 
food of the population, but also the income of vast numbers of small settlers, have 
entirely failed. 

The Bishop, in writing to the Committee, says they have more numerous diffi- 
culties to overcome, but in spite of them all the work is continually being extended 
and consolidated. The Bishop of Rochester has lately visited the island, and has 
seen something of the work, and his presence has quite cheered and helped them. 

Vaitan, Bf^amai. — The Society's correspondent in this Diocese writes : — * At the 
close of the last year there were on the registers : Boys, 190 ; girls, 17C ; total 366. 
The registers are frequently revised, so that no names are kept on them of children 
who do not attend school a reasonable number of days in the month. The teachers 
are regular and earnest in the discharge of their duties. 

' I am very thankful for the good work that the schools are doing, and for the 
efficient state in which they now are.' 

XadrM. — The Committee arc glad to be able to report that the incumbent of 
Christ Church, Madras, is much encouraged in his work. All is harmony in the 
Church, the congregation being in full sympathy with him, and strengthening his 
hands in all things. 

Biverina. — ^The Rev. J. J. Harvey, who went out from England with the Bishop 
of Biverina, is working well and methodically in a parish, the area of which would 
astonish some English clergy. Batranald has a population of about 700, and with it 
are joined the settlements of Euston — 55 miles to the west, with a population of 150 
— and Clare, 80 miles north, with squatter stations scattered about. Mr. Harvey has 
no clergyman nearer to him than 130 miles by road, while another clergyman at 
Silverton is 160 miles from any other brother clergyman. 

The Bishop writes that he enjoys his work, and has travelled about 3,500 miles in 
his Diocese already. 

Ballarat. — The Diocese of Ballarat is comparatively a new field for the Society's 
efforts, for it was only two or three years ago that the Committee for the first time 
were able to make a grant (still continued) to this large and sparsely populated 

It is therefore with more than usual interest that the progress of the work has 
been watched by them, and they cannot but feel deeply grateful that they are able 
to present the following reports, speaking, as they do, of difficulties met and over- 
come by persevering effort. 

Perth. — The actual area of the diocese over which the Bishop of Perth's jurisdic- 
tion nominally extends is 1,000,000 square miles, of which 2,700 are private property, 
250,000 leased, while 747,300 square miles are unoccupied. 

Its coast line, from Cambridge Gulf on the northern frontier of Australia to Eucla 
on its southern, is 3,000 miles in length. Its settlement, from the coast inland, 
varies from 100 to 300 miles. A few years since, and long after the foundation of 
the see, it was generally believed that this vast and almost semi-continental tract 
was, for all useful purposes, limited well-nigh to the then settled portion, reaching 
from Champion Bay on the western coast to King George's Sound on the southern, 
and comprising an area of about (500 x 100) 50,000 square miles. Very recently, 
liowever, large tracts of country bordering on the sea and extending far inland, equal, 
if not superior, in pastoral capabilities, and probably in mineral wealth, to the settled 
tlistricts, have been discovered from the south-eastern angle at Eucla to Cambridge 
(<ulf at the North; and settlements are being made by local enterprise, and still 
more largely by companies and squatters from the eastern colonies. The Gascoyne 
district, with its new town site, Carnarvon ; the Nicol Bay district, with the towns of 
Cossack and Roeboume ; the Kimberley district, with its town site, Derby, and the 
last explored country, entered from Cambridge Gulf on the Otd aiad tYi^ o>i)Ci«t tma 

220 Colonial anb §onlincnlal §f)uxch gfocicfB- 

rivers, are all comparatively new districts, with a great pastoral, and probably 
mineral, future before them. As each remote tract of land is discovered and occu- 
pied, it turns what was but part of the nominal area of the see into a real accession 
to its practical limits and imposes a new and enormous responsibility. 

Aintterdam. — The Society's missionary at the Magdalene Island, in the Diocese 
of Quebec, has recently been appointed to the chaplaincy. 

Eggiichom. — Christ Church, Eggischom, near the H6tel Jungfrau, has been 
built on one of the loftiest of the church sites in Europe, and is in the midst of some 
of the most magnificent of the mountain and pastoral scenery of Switzerland. 
It is more than 7,000 feet above the sea, and is seen far and wide from the 
winding roads of the Furka Pass. Tbe ascent is made from the village of Fiescli, 
which is nearly midway between the Rhone Glacier and Brigue. From its highest 
point there is one of the most commanding and beautiful of the Swiss panoramas, 
which embraces nearly fifty of the principal Alpine heights, the mountain lake 
called the Marjelen Sea, which is often 150 feet in depth, and the Aletsch, which is 
nearly 1 5 miles in length and several in width. 

The dedication took place on the 12th Sunday after Trinity, and in tbe presence 
of a large and representative congregation. 

Pan. — Much regret has been caused to the Comm'ttee by the unavoidable resig- 
nation, from contmued ill health, of the chaplain of Trinity Church, Fau, where he 
ministered for more than twenty years. The Committee fully appreciate and endorse 
the words of a neighbouring colleague, who writ<» : — * He never spared himself, but 
has lived for his people, and at the advanced age of 79 has been enabled to give a 
fresh and vigorous sympathy to those of every age — even the very youngest of his 

The Rev. J. H. Rogers has been appointed to succec<l him. 

The only remaining feature to be noticed is the establishment of two or three 
temporary chaplaincies in Norway, where the circumstances of last summer in other 
parts of the Continent caused a considerable influx of English visitors. The Com- 
mittee will continue to arrange for the conduct of services in those places in Norway 
which may be found to be of chief resort. 

The 83 summer chaplaincies on the Continent of Europe have been much appre- 
ciated by English and American visitors, and have been entirely self-supporting. 

All commnnications respecting the work of this Society should be 
addressed to the Bey. D. Lancaster McAnallj, 9 Serjeants' Inn, Fleet 
Street, B.C. 


The Anglo-Continental Society, which was instituted in 1853 to be the handmaid 
of the Church of England in her intercourse with the Continental Christians, has for 
its objects — 

1. To make the principles of the English Church known in the different countries 
of Europe and throughout the world. 

2. To help forward the internal reformation of national Churches and other 
religious conmiunities, by spreading information within them, rather than by pro- 
selytising from them. 

3. To save men, whose religious convictions are already unsettled, from drifting 
into infidelity, by exhibiting to them a purified Christianity, which they may be able 
to embrace. 

The work of the Society during the year has been chiefly carried on in Italy, 
Germany, Switzerland, and France. 

In Italy it has supported Count Campello and the other priests who have joined 
tbe Reform movement in Rome. Count Campello was formerly Canon of St. Peter's, 
and in the way of further ecclesiastical promotion, but he gave up his belief in Papal 
doctrine, and consequently his position in the Papal Church. Excommunicated by 
the Pope, he appealed to the late Archbishop of Canterbury, who accepted his appeal, 
and recognised him as a priest in the Church of Christ, wrongfully excluded from com- 

Jlnglo-^onfincnfal ^ociciB- 221 

manioQ for maintaining Catholic truth. With the Archbishop's approval, the Bishop 
of Long Island, who has charge of the American congregations on the Continent, 
gave him Episcopal sanction and supervision, and he opened a chapel for those who, 
like himself, had been driven or had withdrawn from the Church of Rome. Until 
the end of 1885 the chapel was in the Via Gen ova. Borne, then it was removed to the 
Vittorio Emanuele Piazza. Attached to it are large adult schools. Last year the 
Society transmitted 3001. to Rome for the support of these refonners atd restorers. 
It has also Issued a new edition of an Italian version of Bishop Cosin's treatise on the 
' Religion, Discipline, and Rites of the English Church,' which it is believed may be 
edifying to these young Italian National Churchmen. 

In Germany an Old Catholic Theological Student has been partially supported at 
the University of Bonn by a contribution of 10/. In Austria an Old Catholic clerg)*- 
man at Ried has received 25/. from the Society through the hands of the President 
of the Austrian Old Catholic Synod. To Switzerland 100/. has been sent — 40/. for 
the support of Christian Catholic Theological students at Berne, and 60/. for other 
needs of the Christian Catholic Church. Through the French fund 89/. has been ex- 
pended in the maintenance of M. Loyson (P^re Hyacinthe) and two other reforming 
priests. Communications have been kept up by correspondence or by personal 
agency with many leading Continental Churchmen, from the Patriarch of Jerusalem 
in the East, to Bishop Hamilton of Niagara and Dean Hale of Davenport in the 
Western Hemisphere. 

The Society is under the patronage of 52 bishops of the Anglican communion. 
It has issued 200 publications in Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, 
Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Greek, Armenian, Russian, Arabic, and English. It has 
about 5()0 members. Its income in 1885 was 1,569/. 

A fuller description of the objects of the Society's work will be found in the 
Yeab-Book for 1884 (p. 218). 

Commanications should be made to the Rev. Canon Mejrick, Blickling 
Rectory, Aylsham, Norfolk. 


The work of the Mission during 1886 has been marked by the completion and 
equipment of the Church steamer, the ' Charles Janson,* upon Lake Nyaiia. This lake 
is one of the chief sources of the slave trade, and its shores are thrdnged by multi- 
tudes of many tribes. The lake is over 350 miles in length, but by means of the steamer 
it is hoped that the staff of Clergy and laymen may be enabled to visit these people 
and to settle many native teachers in the villages. The Mission has for many years past 
received from the Queen*s Political Agent in Zanzibar slaves captured and set free by 
English cruisers ; about half of those slaves arc from the Nyassa region. 

The education of the younger of these slaves has had in view the raising up of a 
native ministry, and some three or four have been ordained, but several others are 
properly qualified as teachers and catechists, and will now realise the long-cherished 
hopes and plans of the Mission, by serving as centres of education and patterns of 
life to those from whom they were once carried away to the coast as slaves. 

The* Mission has established itself on an island of Lake Nyassa, situated about 
12^ S. lat., and called Lukoma. This island is found to be healthy, and is to serve as 
a rendezvous to those engaged in the work along the shores of the lake. 

Bishop Smythies has travelled on foot to the chiefs of the tribe locaicd towards 
the N.E. end of Lake Nyassa — the Gwangwara — to open formal negotiations with 
them, with a view to some members of the Mission settling in their midst. This tribe 
lives by the plunder of the others located along the E. shores of the lake, and it is 
hoped that Christians settled among thorn may induce them to plant their own corn 
and rear their own cattle. The Uev. G. H. Swinny and Mrs. Swinny (the sister of 
the Bishop of Zululand) have volunteered for this dangerous station, and wc believe 
have already gone to live there. 

The Kev. Chauncy Maples, for many years known through his work in the Rovnma 
District, has gone to take chai^o of the work on the lake. 

222 "gltmoeirsifies' fission to ^mtxal Jlfrtca. 

esides the Clergy, the work on the lake is now furnished with a Brixham master 
lishcrman, an engine-fitter, a carpenter, and other laymen. 

The Rev. W. P. Johnson, to whom belongs the credit of what is now doing on 
Lake Nyassa, has, since December, 1884, been disabled by partial blindness and other 
sickness, and, as this account is being written, is, for tlie third time, on his way to 
the Lake. 

The work of the Mission on the island of Zanzibar has been chiefly notable for 
additional efforts towards the training of a native ministry, under the direction of 
the Rev. P. L. Jones- Bateman and Mr. A. C. Madan (of Christ Church, Oxon.), and a 
considerable weeding of the boys' school, by sending the elder ones as apprentices to 
Zantibar craftsmen, and affording them a separate home for themselves in one of the 
houses of the Mission in the old slave -market. 

Li the Usambara country, under Archdeacon Farler, there is a growing inclina 
tion among the tribes to listen to the teachers and imitate the life shown by the 
missionary settlements. 

The pant twelve months have been saddened by four deaths among the Europeans 
— one young Layman and three Clergy — while some others have (by sickness) had to 
abandon their posts. It has been more than usually unhealthy of late in this part of 

The number of the staff and the amount raised remain much the same as given in 
the preceding Tear-Book. 

CommunicatioDs should be addressed to the Rev. W. H. Penney, 
14 Delahay Street, S.W. 


The following short summaries are given as the result of communications 
made to the official representatives of Missionary Agencies purporting in 
their mode of working to be more or less independent of the Central 
Societies : 

Name of Society [ 

Oxford MiBBion^ 
to Calcutta 

Suniniary of Work, 1885-6 


Xiiiion to 


Church Aid 

During the year the usual work of lecturing, preaching, and inter- 
viewing haa l>ecn carried on. The Minion has acquired larger and more 
commodious premises. The school for native Christian boys has been 
transferred to Bishop*s College, although it is still under the charge of one 
of the members of tlie Oxford Mission. The present staff of the Mission 
is made up of four graduates of Oxford University. 

Address : Rev. J. A. Johnston, 5 Museum ViUas, Oxford. 

This Mission to Noith India originated in 1876, with the object of 
carrying on evangelistic work. The Rev. W. S. Kelley, M.A., of St. 
John*s College, and formerly curate of St Peter*s, Eaton Square, has 
recently joined the Societv. The Christian Boys* Boarding School has 
had during the year from "lO to 25 pupils, varying in age from 6 to 20. 

There are now 8 students in the Training School for Lower Grade 
Christian Schoolmasters. 

The recently established hostel for Christian boys who arc studying in 
St. Stephen's College has at present 4 inmates. 

A description of the district work in the villages ronnd Delhi is to be 
found in an * Occasional Paper,* b}- Mr. Carlyon. 

Address : G. M, Edwardis, Sidnev Sussex College, Cambridge. 

This Association was formed in ^une 1880 by several gentlemen who 
had been long resident in India, to be the permament auxiliary of the 
Church in that great dependency of the Empire, especially in its work 
among Europeans and Eurasians, and to serve as an agency in making 
known in this country the claim of the Indian Church upon English 
Churchmen for sympathy and assistance in the endeavour to supply the 
religious and educational needs of that jiow numerous and rapidlv in- 
creasing section of the population of India. 

Special fissions* 


Special Uissioss-^continued, 

Xainc of Society 


the farther- 

anee of Chrii- 



Cape Town 

Hoith China 

Bombay His- 

Summary of Work, 1885-6 

This is its main object, and the only one for which it solicits subscrip- 
tions and donations. It does not interfere with any existing missionary 
agen^ of the Church of England in raising funds for missionary work 
am<Hig the natiyes of India, although it does not refuse to forward any 
contrioutions to special missions in India and apply them as directed. 

Communications should be addressed to the Hon. Secretary, Arch- 
deacon Baly, Kew Gardens, S.W. 

This Society is founded with the intention of assisting the Coptic 
Chorch in Egypt, and especially to promote a higher education of their 
Clergy. It is intended to establish in Cairo a high-class resident school 
for boys, to be called * The Gordon College ; ' for this initiatiye moyement 
the Committee are now seeking aid. 

Address : Rey. K. Milbum Blakiston, Hon. Secretary, 2 Dean's Yard, 
Westminster, S.W. 

The Association in aid of the Bishop of Cape Town, was formed in the 
year 1869 to assist the late Bishop Gray in proyiding for the pressing 
needs uf his Diocese, and also to famish an income for the Bishop of 
Haritzbuig. Although a separate organisation has now been formed to 
assist the Bishop of Maritzburg, never did the Diocese of Cape Town stand 
in greater need of assistance from the Mother Church at home than at the 
present time. There has been widespread distress in the Colony, and the 
S.P.G. has been obliged, in consef^uence of othfr pressing claims, to 
greatly diminish the grant to the Diocese of Cape Toii'n. The following 
extract is taken from the last Report : * Many new missions have been 
called into existence of late years, wliich have naturally excited much 
interest in this country. But,' whilst we give our support to these newer 
missions, many of them the natural outgrowth of those longer established, 
we must take care that the older missions of the Church are not allowed 
to suffer through lack of funds. It would, indeed, be a ^ievous scandal 
to the Church to allow the splendid work in South Africa, commenced 
nearly forty years ago by Bishop Gray, to languish through want of the 
support which is naturally looked for from England. ... If members of 
the Church at home are satisfied that Bishop Jones has in every respect 
proved himself to be a worthy successor of Bishop Gray, that the work has 
grown under his care, and that he has been enabled to carry out much 
which Bishop Gray desired to see, such as the establishment of a branch 
of the Cowley Brotherhood for the conversion of the Malays, and the 
development of the many good works of All Saints sisters, which, neces- 
sarily with their growth, require increased aid and support, then we feel 
sure that loyal Churchmen at home will not fail to send substantial help 
in this time of urgent need.* 

Communications should be addressed to F. M. T. Jones, Esq., Lesketh 
How, Ambleside, or to the Rev. Sidney Phillips, Nuneham Rectory, 
Oxford, Hon. Secretaries of the Cape Town Association. 

Bishopric endowed by an anonymous gift. S.P.G. Block grant, 
1,150/1 Sup|K)rt8 three clergy, one married. Bishop Scott's Special Fund 
supports two ladies at Chefow, two ladies at Peking, and two clergy at 
present. In 1885, 13 Chinese were received as catechumens, 14 were 
baptized, and 6 were confirmed- In the first half of 1886, 11 more natives 
were received as catechumens, 15 were baptized, and 5 were confirmed. 
Mission sUtions at Peking, Chefow, Ilochien, Yang-Ching, and the sacred 
city of Tai-au-foo. From Bishop's last letter : — ' 1 1 is evident that our pro- 
spects are largely and rapidly.widening, and it will be necessary for us to 
have enlarged means if we are to avail ourselves of the services of those 
who have actually offered themselves, to say nothing of expected volun- 
teers in the future.* 

Address ; Canon Scott, St. John's Vicarage, Leeds. 

There are at present 63 clergymen in the diocese, of whom 24 are 
Government chaplains, 12 belong to the CMS., 11 to the S.P.G., 9 are 
members of, or in connection with, the Society of St. John the Evangelist, 
2 are railway chaplains under the Additional Clergy Society, and another 
hf.s recently bcfen appointed. Two new churche3 have been ovv<i\Ai\, 


Special fissions* 

Special "hliBsiovB— continued. 

Name of Society 

Summary of Work, 1885-<> 

Bombay Mil- 
lion — eont. 



Fund for 

making the number of consecrated churches SCu One deacon has been 
ordained during the jear to mifsionary work at Poona. 

The premising need of the diocese is for more help in the mission field, 
and also in the work of ministering to the railway and harbour employe's, 
who are not provided for by the Government Establishment 

Address: Hon. and Rev. A. T. Lyttelton, Selwyn College Lodge, 

Nbw Hebrides. — Araga: The two new schools established last ycir 
were working well. Catechumens in preparation. Thought best not to 
baptize at present. Ona and Alaiwo : Thirty adults baptized. 

Raxks Ihlands. — Noticeable facts here are a new church at Merelava, 
the satisfactory work of a new deacon. Rev. Maros Tamata, at Santa 
Maria, and that of the Rev. Henry Tagalad, who has recently been ad- 
mitted to the priesthood, at Mota Lava. The day scholars in this district 
number 654 in 28 schools, and the adults baptized in the year 129. 

Santa Cruz. — The season^s work is chiefly shown in the increased 
desire shown by the natives to welcome the effms of the Mission, and in 
the hold upon their confidence and affections gained by Mr. Lister Kave. 
Facts and figures cannot be expected from th^ the inumt district in this 
mission field. 

Solomon Ihlaxds. — In the Bauro Diitrict ; The Rev. R. B. Comins 
has much cause for thankfulness Arom this memorable feature of the year*s 
work — ^the first adult baptisms. After many years of devoted labour, this 
is a most encouraging sign. Florida and raabd District : The facts and 
figures I am able to g^ve will show that I can report another year of en- 
couraging work in this district. Schools, 19 ; scholars, 753 ; adult 
baptisms for the year, 282. Of the 19 sehools, 8 started this year. 

Address : Rev. A. Penny, Highfield, Hemel Hempstead. 

pRooRKss OF Church' Work in 1886. — New Cnorch at Stanger in 
Nonoti county, at coat of 500iL, to hold 120 worshippers. 

Durban. — Mission room opened at Addington, better known as *The 
Point,* in connection with which is a mission to seamen. A Church 
Institute has been fbunded, including a girls' day school. Reading and 
recreation room for working-men. A branch of the Church of England 
Temperance Society has also been established at Durban. 

St. Agnes' Home, at Maritzburg, is an extension of St. Margarets 
College. Its object is to provide sleeping accommodation and evening 
instruction for sixteen native young women who are employed in 
domestic ser\-ice in Maritzburg. This Home, which is partly selif-support- 
ing, was dedicated by the Bi^op on January 12. 

The Indian mission under the charge of the Rev. L. P. Booth. The 
number of schools has increased from 12 to 15 during the year. lught 
hundred Indian children are now under instruction. An Indian school 
has been opened by Rev. £. H. Shears at Pinetown ; the Indian school 
among the fishermen at Salisbury Island, in Durban Bay, has been taken 
over by the Church, and a school has been opened in a settlement of free 
Indians in the inland slope of the Berea. 

The number of baptisms is 12 in Durban, 8 in Maritzburg, and 3 in 
Newcastle. There are at present 20 adult heathens seeking baptism, and 
of these 6 or 8 hope to be baptized within a few weeks. In Maritzburg, 
under a new teacher, the work grows. During the past year a Hindi and 
a Tamil worker have been licensed by the Bishop in Durban, and more 
Indian lay-workers are shortly to be presented for licence. 

Address : Rev. C. W. N. Baker, 19 King Henry's Road, London, N.W. 

The last report, issued in May, mentions the recent arrival of Bishop 
Mackenzie in England. He sailed again on November 18, with the Yen. 
E. A. Hammick, of Exeter College, Oxford, as his archdeacon, and with 
other fresh helpers. By almost incessant work during his stay in England 
he raised more than 1,000/L for his diocese and createa much fresh interest. 

In the period 188&->6, which the report covers, the chief topic is the 
following : Kwamagwaza, Bishop Wilkinson's residence, had been reoccn- 
piedy and the damaged buildings had been rudely repaired, though much 

Special ^Tissiotts. 


Special Missio'sa—contifi ucd. 

Name of Society 

Fond — cont. 

Summary of Work, 1885-6. 

remains to be done. A great point was that neither Boers nor Zulus offered 
any active opposition to our return, though shortly afterwards an adverse 
message was sent from the young king, the effects of which the Bishop, 
by making a timely visit to the chiefs, was able to evade. The other 
mission stations were pursuing their usual work without serious in- 
terruption. The three missionaries supported by S.P.G., Messrs. Samuel- 
son, Jackson, and Johnson, a\ ere working respectively at St. Paurs. in 
Swazihind, and at St. Augustine's, near Isandhlwana ; Mr. Carmichael 
at Isandhlwana ; Mr. Robertson, with the former occupants of Kwamag- 
waza, at Etalaucni, assisted by Mr. Roach ; Mr. Farmer on the Lower 
Tugela ; Mr. Garden has a station on the Komati, in the TransvaaL 
Besides these there are two native deacons and some lay-helpers. This 
Mission at present receives an annual grant of 600/. from S.P.6., and 
requires at least 1,100/. from other sources to support present workers. 
The only existing endowment is for the Bisliop^s stipend. 

Address : Rev. Cecil Deeded, Wickham St. Paul Rector}*, Halstead. 



Among the agencies subsidiary to the Foreign Mission Work of the Church, there u 
none of greater importance than that by which is secured the production of a 
Christian vernacular literature. The oflBciency of the missionary depends in a large 
measure upon the ready supply of Catechisms, Prayer Books, Bibles, &c., in the 
language of the people with whom he has to deal, and everything that facilitates that 
supply is of paramount importance to his work. The Foreign Missions of the 
Church of England have hitherto received ready help in this respect from various 
agencies at home and abroad. The earliest agency in the field, and, if measured by 
the variety of its publications, the most important, is the Society for Promoting 
Christian Knowledge. As far back as the year 1709, when Robert Nelson and other 
original members of the Society were still alive, we find it occupied in the work of 
circulating a Welsh version of the Book of Common Prayer, and a few years later 
(1718) in the publication of a Welsh version of the Bible, and an Irish version of 
the Prayer Book. A new edition of the Bible in Welsh was undertaken in 1743, and 
published in 1748. 30,000 of this edition were circulated by 1768, and another edition 
of 20,000 then issued. In 1799 a new edition, consisting of 10,000 copies, was pub- 
lished and sold in the Principality at half the cost price in sheets. In 1710 we find 
the Society sending out to the Mission at Tranquebar, then but lately established by 
its aid, a printing-press and accessories, which were soon after fully employed, as 
is evidenced by the publications issued shortly afterwards in Telugu, and also in 
the Portuguese language, which seems to have been largely spoken in South- Western 
India at the time. 

It is significant of the activity of the English Church at this period, which 
people are prone to believe to have been an unenterprising one, that in the year 
1720, 10,000 versions of the New Testament in Arabic, 6,000 Psalters, 6,000 
Catechisms, and an abridgment of Bible History in the same language, were 
produced and circulated by this Society. Since that time the same agency has 
been continuously active in supplying the vernacular needs of our various Foreign 
Missions. The Bible and Prayer Book have by its means been put into many 
languages, and these versions freely supplied wherever required. The versions of the 
Book of Common Prayer produced and circulated by the Society embrace nearly 
everything that has been done in this direction. It may give some idea of the extent 
of this work if we furnish here a rough list of the versions of the Prayer Book already 
provided by the S.P.C.K. 

226 foreign <^xletalnte of 1^6 ^l^ttrc|. 

The Prayer Book has been pablished, in whole or in part, in the following 
languages : — 

Sorope.— Welsh, Manx, Gaelic, Irish, French (2 versions), Spanish, Portugnesc, 
Italian, Dutch, Danish, German, Maltese, Latin, Ancient Greek, Modem Greek, 
Turkish, and Russian. 

Asia. — Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Gajarati, Bengali, Hindostani, Hindi, Sindhi, 
Iklarathi, Panjabi, Karen, Larka Col, Santhali, Canarese, Singalese, Tamil, Telngn, 
Malayalim, Assamese, Burmese, Chinese (Mandarin Colloquial), Chinese (Hangchow), 
Sea Dyak ( Borneo), and Japanese. 

Africa. — Amharic, Boondei, Igbira, Malagasy, Kup^ Swahili, Susu, Sesuto, 
Seooana, Yao, Toruba, and Zulu. 

Ameriea (Vorth). — Chipewyan, Cree, Eskimo, Slavi, Tukudh, Ojibwa, Zimshian, 
Muncey, M^klakapamuk, and Beaver Indian. 

Ameriea (South). — Acawoio, Arawak, Carib, and Waran. 

Polyneiia. — Hawaiian, Mota, Ysabel, Florida, and Maori. 

In addition to these versions of our Liturgy, the S.P.C.K. has produced numerous 
translations, in whole or in part, of the Holy Scriptures. Besides publishing versions 
in the several European languages, which are much valued, this Society has pro- 
duced and circulated the Scriptures, in whole or in part, in many of the languaees 
of Asia, Africa, America, and the islands of the Pacific. A detailed list is hardly 
possible, as many of the versions were produced abroad at the Society's expense, 
and do not appear upon the Society's catalogue. To the circulation thus dirtetlff 
given to the Holy Scriptures may be add^ the indireet distribution of God*s 
Word through the large portions embraced in the foreign translations of the Book 
of Common Prayer. 

Whilst making careful provision for the distribution of the Bible, the Society has 
proved from experience, especially in New Zealand, the very great importance of 
combining with the Text where it is practicable a separate and simple Commentary. 
Without the assistance of some instruction it is often found that the heathen form 
very erroneous conceptions of the truths of Holy Scripture. The S.P.C.K., as a 
Church Society, is fully persuaded of this great need, and has lately extended the 
sphere of operations of its Foreign Translation Committee, so as to enable this 
Committee to undertake any kind of work which may be deemed by our Bishops 
abroad likely to spread Christian knowledge. Hence the recent issues by that 
Society of commentaries, catechisms, manuals, hymn-books, evidential works, gram- 
mars, and dictionaries, in various foreign languages. During the year 1886-7 there 
have appeared from the Society's press the following, among other foreign verna- 
cular works: — 

Meditations sur les Paroles Consolantcs, and the Book of Common Prayer in 
French (Revised Edition); a grammar of the Kagurn language; a Polyglotta Afri- 
cana ; AraM<i version of El Kindhi ; a Child's Catechism in Italian ; a Niger vo- 
cabulary ; Snrahili exercises ; a Grammar of the Kamha language ; the Book of 
Common Prayer in Arabic ; the Gospel of St. Mark, a manual of Devotion, and a 
vocabulary in Beaver Indian ; a Oree Hymnal ; a Penian Bible History ; Robertson's 
Church History in Snahili ; the Book of Common Prayer in Urdu (Roman character) : 
the same (in Persian character) ; a coloured Bible Picture Book in Amharic ; stories 
from the Old Testament in Arabic and English ; Proverbs and Tales in the Hausa 
language ; a grammar of the Seooana language ; a commentary on the New Testa- 
ment, vol. i., in Telugu ; the Gospels of SS. Mark and Luke in Zimthian. 

The following books are in course of preparation, and many of them will shortly 
be published : — 

The Book of Common Prayer in Malagasy ; a Dictionary of the Ny-iJta language ; 
a Kafir version of Plain Words ; the Book of Common Prayer in Secoana ; jSi^rt (or 
Tinni) Lessons; a coloured Child's Bible Picture Book in Swahili; a Child's Acts of 
the Apostles in Swahili ; Singalese Manual of Devotion ; the Book of Common Prayer 
in Swahili ; the Gospels and Acts in Florida ; the Book of Common Prayer in Flo- 
rida ; Prayers in Quagittl ; a vocabulary of the Ki-Makva language ; Marathi version 
of Burton's Church History ; Women of Christendom in Urdu ; Telugu version of 
Foley's * Evidences ; ' Tamil Book of Common Prayer ; Marathi Book of Common 
I^rayer ; Bengali version of Vaughan's lectures. 

^forci^n ^xUvatuve of lf)e ^^utc^, 227 

The above lists give some idea of the great demands made upon the Society's 
resooroes by this part of its work. So heavy, indeed, has been the drain on the cha- 
ritable fnnds that the Foreign Translation Committee have been forced to make a 
special appeal for aid in oarryiog on their work, and it is hoped, in view of its great 
importance, that this appeal will not be made in vain. 

All communications bearing on the Foreign Translations of the 
S.P.C.K. shonld be addressed to the Eev. Edmund Mc&lure, Editorial 


Though this Society is not confined to Churchmen, fifteen members of its elected 
Committee must by its Constitution be Churchmen. As its 'sole object' is defined 
by its first law to be < to encourage the wider circulation of the Holy Scriptures, 
without note or comment,* a limited sphere is provided for united action ; and by 
the combined resources of various bodies of Christians, with the blessing of Cod, 
this one object has been attained to a marvellous degree. 

GntCULATIOV OF HOLY SOSIPTCTBES, 1885-6.— The circulation by this Society 
of Bibles, Testaments, and Portions of Holy Scripture during 1885-6, was for a second 
time in succession over four million copies. Out of a total of 4,123,904 copies put 
into circulation within the year, 2,192,819 passed out of the London depdt at 146 
Qaeen Victoria Street, E.C., and 1,931,085 copies were issued by the foreign dep6ts 
which exist in all parts of the globe. The Bibles issued were 831,513 ; Uie Testa- 
ments (with and without the Psalms) were l,816,186j and the Portions, containing 
at least one integral book of the Bible, were 1,476,205. 

laeoma, ISMUO. — The expenditure in 1885-6 in producing and circulating these 
books was 240,829/. I5s. 5d. The income received was 105,517/. lis. Sd, for books 
sold, and 132,874/. it. 3d. from other sources, making a total of 238,391/. ISs. 6</., or 
2,437/. 16«. lid. lest than the expenditure. 

Penny Testament. — The attractive New Testament in English, which was first 
issued in July 1884, for sale (below cost) at one penny per copj', had reached a total 
circulation of 1,750,398 copies by March 31, 1886. As the price is specially fixed at 
one penny to bring it within the purchasing power of all classes, no copies of this 
book have been issued free, or at a price below a penny. But even so, the receipts 
by sales have been less by 7,300/. than the cost of the copies sold. A similar * Penny ' 
Testament in Welsh was published in October 1885, and by March 3], 1886, its 
circulation had reached 26,317 copies. 

Total Girenlation of Holy Scriptiires.— The total issues of Bibles, Testaments, and 
Portions by this Society since its formation in 1804 have been 108,320,869 copies. 
About 51,300,000 copies of Holy Scripture, whole or in part, have been printed for it 
in English. These are issued at or below cost price for the spiritual good of the 
100,oS),000 people who speak the English language in all parts of the world. The 
population of the British Isles amounts to only thirty-six millions. The Colonies 
and dependencies of the Crown raise this figure to nearly three hundred and ten millions 
of people, or between one-fourth and one-fifth of the human race. There is no single 
Colony or Dependency in all this vast empire unprovided with at least a Portion of 
Ihe Word of God which may be obtained from the British and Foreign Bible Society. 
The versions of the Bible required in the British Possessions include the following 
living languages : — 

Earopean Langoagei. — English, Gaelic, Welsh, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, 
Frisian, Greek, Turkish, Italian, Judeo- Spanish. 

AMean Lang^iagei.— Accra, Ashanti, Bullom, Dahom6, Ewe, Fanti, Hausa, Kafir, 
Mende, Nama, Herero, Sechuana, Sesnto, Temne, Yarib, Zulu. 

Aiiatie Langnagei. — Arabic, Judeo-Arabic, Beluchi, Bengali, Musalmani-Bcngali, 
Hindi, Hindustani (Urdu), Lepcha, Mandari, Uriya, Persian, Panjabi, Pashtu, 
Bajmahali, Sindhi, Gujarati, Parsi-Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani, Kanarese, Dakhani, 
Malayalam, Telngu, Tulu, Tamil, Singalese, Indo-Portuguese, Burmese, Peguese, 
Karen, Malay, Chinese in several varieties, Dyak, and many more. 

228 ^rifis!^ anb ^otrcign ^i&(c ffoci^is. 

Translations of the Bible are also required in the following ancient languages 
used for religious purposes by some of Her Majesty's subjects : — Armenian, Hebrew, 
Pali, Sanskrit, Syriac. 

American Lang^agef. — Chipew}'Bn, Crcc, Eskimo, Grecnlandish, Iroquois, Mali- 
seet, Mic-Mac, Mohawk, Ojibwa, QagutI, 81av6, Tunn6, Tukudh. 

Oceania. — Fiji, Rotuman, Motu, Saibai, Murray Island, South Cape (New Guinea), 
and others. 

In providing the Holy Scriptures in these and other languages, to the number 
now of 277 in all, the Bible Society has been treading in the steps of the Early 
Church which supplied its missionaries and their converts with versions in Syriac, 
Coptic, Ethiopic, Gothic, Latin, Georgian, Slavonic, Anglo-Saxon, &c. 

Among the new languages recently yoked to the Bible-car by this Society have 
been Baki (New Hebrides), Fanti (Gold Coast), Hainanese (Island of Hainan, China), 
Igbira (West Africa), Ittu-Galla (Galla country), Kabyle (N. Africa), Kumuk (N.W. 
shore of the Caspian), Macedonian-Rouman (Macedonia), and Pangasinan (Luzon, 

Oranti. — Within the last two years grants amounting to over 4,000/. have been 
made to other societies, such as the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, and 
its Ladies' Association, the Church Missionary Society, the Church of England 
Zenana Missionary Society, the Indian Female Normal School and Instruction 
Society, the Society for Promoting Female Education in the East, Miss L. M. 
Whately's Mission, and others, to enable them to employ more native Christian 
Blblewomen to read the Bible to their secluded sisters in the East, and to teach 
them to read it. In this way, it is hoped, an increased circulation of the Holy Book 
will eventually follow in the East. 

For the educated young men of India, copies of St. Luke's Gospel with The Act«, 
of the New Testament, and of the Bible have been furnished for successive presenta- 
tion to them as they pass the grades in the examinations of the Indian Universities 
for a degree. 

The varied features of this Society's vast work in all parts of the 
world are described in its Annual Report, which mav he obtained from 
the Secretaries, at the Bible House, 146 Queen Victoria Street, E.C, 


The following resolutions, agreed to by both Houses of Convocation on 
July 4, 1884, are inserted by request of the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
and indicate a further provision for the encouragement of Foreign Mis- 
sion Work : 

Resolutions agreed to by both Houses, July 4, 1884. 

That the Members of the Upper House of the Convocation of the Province of Canterbury 
be ex-officio Members of the Board. 

That in addition to the above-named Bishops, Bishops and Priests resident in the 
Province of Canterbury equal to the same in number be Members of the Board, such Mem- 
bers being nominated by the Lower House of Convocation either from their own body, or 
from without. 

That a body of Laymen, equal in number to the ex-officio Members of the Board, be in 
the first instance nominated by the Archbishop of Canterbury, as Members of the Board : 
and that any subsequent vacancies in their number be filled up* by the then existing Board. 

In the event of any vacancy occurring amonc^ the Members of the Board nominated by the 
Lower House of Convocation, the Secretary shall at once inform the Prolocutor, in order that 
the necessary steps be taken for filling up the vacancy. 

That the term for which the Members be nominated, shall be determined by bye-laws to 
be drawn up by the Board. 

That the duties of the Board be as follows : — 

1. To impress upon all Members of the Church, in such ways as from time to time 

may seem desirable, their responsibility as to Foreign Missions, and to mt 

• forth the principles which ought to govwn the Missionary work of the Church ; 


iSoatd of 'fissions. 229 

2. To issue reports firom time to time on the spiritual wants of heathen countrias, 

and to direct attention to the openings providentially placed before the 

3. To give counsel when applied to by any Colonial or Missionary Church ; 

4. To act as Referee upon questions which Missionary Societies may desire to refer 

to the Board; 
. To collect and tabulate, as far as may be found desirable and practicable, the 
Acts and Canons passed in the various S^'nods of the Church at home and 

6. To undertake any other work, in connection with Missions, which may from time 

to time be entrusted to the fioard, either by the Archbishop, or by the Con- 
vocation of the Province of Canterbury ; 

7. To co-operate with any similar Board of Missions that may bo appointed by the 

Convocation of York. 


The Archbishop of Canterbury ; Bishops of London, Winchester, Bangor, Bath and Wells, 
Chichester, Ely, £zeter, Gloucester and Bristol, Hereford, Lichfield, Lincoln, Llandaff, 
Norwich, Oxford, Peterborough, Rochester, St. Albans, St. Asaph, St. David's, Salisbury, 
Southwdl, TrurOy and Worcester. 


(a) Mcmben of the Lower Home : — 

Tbe Deaoa of Windsor, Exeter, and Llandaff; Archdeacons Hannah, Xorris, and Sir 
Lovelace Stamer, Bart. ; Canons Gregory, Bright, Cadman, Hopkins, Sir James K. Phillips, 
Bart^ and Butler. 

(6) Hot Xemben of the Lower Home : — 

The Biabops Abraham and Perrr ; Professors Westcott and Ince ; the Wardens of Keble 
(Talbot) and St. Augustine (Madear) ; Canon Capel Cure ; Revs. W. H. Grove, Dr. Kay, 
A. li. Benaooy Canon Edgar Jacob, and Berdmore Compton. 


The Rt Hons. The Earls of Carnarvon and Devon ; the Rt. Hon. Earl Nelson ; Vis- 
counts Cranbrook, G.C.S.L, and Cross, G.C.B. ; Lord Egerton of Tatton ; The Rt, Hons. 
Lord John Manners, G.C.B, Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, Bart., M.P., and Sir John Mowbray, 
Bart^M.P., Sir Richard Temple, Bart., G.C.S.L, M.P., Sir Walter Farquhar, Bart., The Rt. 
Hon. H. C. Raikes, M.P., Gen. Sir Frederick Goldsmid, J. (r. Talbot, Esq., M.P., Sydnev 
Gedge, Eaq., Bi.P., General Maclagan, H. Gibson, Esq., G. B. Hughes, Esq., O. H. Jones, 
Esq., Arthur Mills, Esq., G. W. E. Russell, Esq., and F. A. White, Esq. 


A RECORD of the principal events in the missionary work of the Church 
recorded in the following periodicals, hefcwecn Advent 1885 and 
Adrent 1886 : 

•The Mission Field.* Published by the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

' The Church Missionary Intelligencer.' By the Clmrcli Missionary Society. 

• The Jewish Intelligencer.' By the London Society for Promoting Christianity 
among the Jews. 

• The South American Missionary Magazine.' By the South American Misvsionary 

'Central Africa.' By the Universities Mission to Central Africa. 


September 1.— ^niecration of the Cathedral of St. John's, Xowfoun 11 lurl. * M.F.,' p. 383. 
Sepiember b, — Launch of the Charles Janson on the Kiver Sliiro, inteuded for use on Lake 

Nyaau. Dedication Service is held on board the following dav. She reaches the Lake 

January 22. * C.A.,' pp. 1 and 85. 
October 6. — The Bishop of Travancore appoints the Rev. Koshi Koshi, Archdeacon of 

Mavelikara, the first native Archdeacon in India. • C.M.I.,' p. 52. 
October 18.— Opening of Mission to Jews in Birmingham : the first service attended by 200 

Jews. * J J.,' p. 8. 

250 ^issionatjst ^^tonicU. 

October 22. — Rbhop Uukmngton^ attempting to discorer a new and healthier road from the 
Coant to Uganda, U seized near Kavirondo by secret orders of Mwanga, King of Uganda, 
and a few days later (October 29) ia pat to death, with all his followers, except four, who 
escape, and bring the news to IUU>ai. (This news was recdred on February 7, 1886, and 
within four weeks the C.M.S. receired fifty-three offers of service.) * C.M.1^' pp. 202,241. 

Xovember 5. — Death of Bishop Anderson, first Bishop of Rupert*s Land, and the first Bishop 
who ordained a Red Indian— Henry Budd. * C.M.I.,' p. 867. 

Xovember 24.~First meeting of the Diocesan Synod of X^hore ; they take into consideration 
the relationa of the Native and English branches of the Church in that Diocese. * CM.!.,' 
p. 105. 

November. — ^The Bishop of Sierra Leone seta oat to visit the Yoruba Mission ; he ordains two 
Africans, and confirms 512 persons at Lagos, Abeokuta, and other places. * C.M.I.,* 
p. 244. 

Dtctm/ter 22, — ^The Rev. James Colbeck returns to Mandalay in order to re-open the Mission, 
which had been closed in 1879. * M.F.,* pp. 58, 107. 


February 2.— The Rev. Edward Bickersteth consecrated in St. Paul's Cathedral to be Bishop 
of the English Church in Japan, in succession to the late Dr. Poole. * M.F.,' p. 94, and 

• CM.!.,' p. 182. 

Febmary 8-12. — Special meetings held simultaneously in all parts of Enidand, with the 

object of quickening interest in the Missionary Work of the Church. ' CM.!./ n. 145. 
Ftbmarg lOw — Death of the Rev. W. H. Brett on the forty-sixth anniversary of his sailing 

for Guiana, where he had been the means of taming four nations from Heatkenism to 

ChrisUanitv. •M.FVp.92. 
Fibnuuy 18,— Death of Admiral Morshead, who discovered and buried the body of Cv»iain 

Alien Gardiner in 1852. • SJI.M.M.,' p. 67. 
Fehmary 24.— The Rev. £. T. Churton consecrated by the Archbishop of Canterimiy at 

Lambeth Palace, to be Bishop of Nassau, in succession to Bishop Cremer Roberts. 

Bishop Churton sails in the Oregon, which is wrecked, but the passengers are saved. 

• M.F.,* p. 128. 

Ffbrmtuy 24.— The Governor- (^eral of India lays the foandation of a new Cathedral at 

Ram(Oon. * M.F.,' p. 160. 
Mmtek l£— Death of the Earl of Chichester, fifty-one years President of the Church 

MissioDarv Societv. « C^.IV P. 193. 
JliuvA 25,— T^e Rev. George W. H. Rnight-Brnce, consecrated by the Archbishcm of Can- 

terbvrv at St, Marv\ >Miitechapel, to be Bishop of Bloemfontein. * M.F.,' p. 160. 
Aprii 15.— The Bash4H>'of KangooD returns from a visit of inspection to Mandalay and Bhamo. 

• M.F./ p. 19X 

^ima 16.— U««th of Bishop Cotterill, who was Bishop of Grahamstown flnom 1856 to 1872. 

jlfoy $,l.fh<' .\ivhbuthep of Canterbury preaches the Anniversary Sermon for the C.M.S. at 

SI. BrideV • C^ Jn* P« *''>9- 
Jlli^ 2H.— lUplism of two sons of Rabbis, with other Jews, at St. John*s, Paddington. * J.I.,* 

ji, J^lVrriUe persecatioD of Native (Christians in Uganda ; about fifty put to death bv 

AreasdawoH. •C.M.VP* 876. 
j„j^ $,— First meeting of the Synod of the (disestablished) Church of Cevlon. * aM.IV p. 775 

^and « M.F.> 824. „, ^ , . , 

j^ 18.— Death of the Rev. W. Oakley, who had worked for fifty years in Ceylon without 

ever returning home. ' C.M.I.,' p. 705. 
CVMer 18.— TheRev. H. P. Parker of Calcutta consecrated by the Archbishop of Canterbury 

at St, James's, Paddington, to be Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Afirica« in succession to 

the late Bishop Hannington. * C.M.I.,' p. 84. 
Orinber 28.— Death of the Hon. Captain Maude, President and Treasurer of the Church 

Missionary Society. • C.M.I.,' p. 857. 
jyursw*T.— Death of the Bishop of Saskatchewan. * M.F.,* p. 883. 



This summary, prepared bv Canon Scott Robertson, will be found in the Statistical 

5>toccse of ^beXaibe. 






Jt^ Oeneral De8cription.--This See was founded in 1847, and by th 

^Bk letters patent of t)) e first Bishop ( Dr.Short) the Diocese was made con 

^^J|L^ terminons with the colony of South Australia. When the * Norther 

^ Territory' was added to the colony, it appears to have been regarded 

as included in this Diocese, but as this is by no means certain, th 

Primate has requested the Bishop to exercise episcopal supervisioi 

over this portion of the colony, until proper steps can be taken fo 

its incorporation with the Diocese. The whole colony may be re 

garded as comprising three divisions— South Australia propei 

Central Australia, and the Northern Territory. It thus stretchei 

acFoes the whole continent from the Southern Ocean to the Indian Ocean. The tota 

area comprises 914,780 square miles. The population is about 300,000, of whom abou 

5,000 are residents in the Northern Territory. 

tniiireli Work. — The depression of which I had to speak last year has been fell 
more severely daring the succeeding twelve months. The adult population of the 
colony has been reduced, owing to men leaving to seek work elsewhere. Possibl] 
the account I have to send would have appeared better, from a Church point o 
view, had the circumstances of the colony been better, but there is yet much t< 
be thankful for. The number of Communicants has increased in the past year f ron: 
4,695 to 5,419. The Clergy number 70, and the licensed Lay Readers have increasec 
from 148 to 199. The Ordinations were four— 2 Priests and 2 Deacons. The Bap- 
tisms have increased from 2,654 to 3,032, and 923 persons were confirmed. The 
Sunday scholars have increased from 8,144 to 9,163, and the Teachers from 789 tc 
874. Seven new churches and a mission-room were erected during the year. The 
bailding grants which have been made during the year in two or three instances b} 
the S.P.C.K. have been extremely encouraging to the people. The voluntary contri- 
butions and offerings made in the various parishes and mission districts amounted tc 
the considerable sum of 25,584^ Steady Church work is now being carried on by a 
resident Clergyman at Palmerston, in the Northern Territory, to whom the S.P.G, 
make an annual grant. 

I must be allowed to record in the Chubch Yeab-Book the severe, almost irrepa- 
rable, loss which the Diocese has suffered in the sudden death of Dean Russell, in 
May 1886. By his generous and sympathetic character he had endeared himself to 
all who knew him ; by his self-denying life he had set a noble example of a manly 
following of his Master; by his great abilities he had for thirty years contributed the 
most valuable help in the development of the work of the Church throughout the 

It should be strongly urged upon the Clergy in England, that members of the 
Church emigrating from England to Australia should not only be fiiniished with 
commendatory letters, but instructed to make a point of presenting them in person, 
and to endorse upon them, before leaving them at a clergyman's house, an address in 
the colony where they may be found. 

G. W. Adelaide, 

Bishop's Court, Adelaide, S, Aastralift ; Aug- 31, 1886, 

232 5>ioccs€5 of JllQoma anb JlnKgtta. 

Oeuenl DeiDription. — This Diocese was formerly part of tbe 
Diocese of Toronlo, but was 'set off ' in 1873 by tbe Provindid 
Synod. The first Bishop was Ihc Bigbt Rev. F. D. Fanquier, 
who died suddenly in 1881, and was snccceded by the present 
' Bishop, who was consecrated on June 29. 1882. The Diocese 
originally consisted of the civil district at Algoma, including 
the Manitonlin and 4tber islands, but was subsequently enlarged 
80 as to include the districts of Parry Sound, Uoakoka, and parts 
of Nipissing. It has a shore-line of 1,000 miles, and an area of 
48,173 square miles. The present population is about 76,000, 
consisting of settlers and Indians (Ojibwas), the former being 
mmnl; farmers, fishcrmeD, lumbermen, and miners. PopolatioD 
increases slowly, but the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which rons 
Ihrongh a largi^ portion of the Diocese, will furnish facilities for a speedy occupa- 
tion by emigrants of all the land available for agriculture. 

CliuToli Work.— The IS Clergy of 1882 have increased to 21, of whom 7 were 
ordained last year, 2 to the Diaconatc, and G to the I'riesthood. Students from tlio 
Theological Colleges serve as Catechists during the Hommer, and Lay Headers 
(voluntary) are also employed where possible. Last year 9S persons were confirmed, 
1 church and 1 cemetery were consecrated; 4 churches and I parsonage are now 
being built. For the Indians, who are stiil lo a great extent pagans, we have 3 Homes 
— the Shingwank for boys, and the Wawanosh for girls, under the care of the Bav. E. 
F. Wilson. In theso the boys arc taoght trades, when old enough ; 15/. will feed, 
clothe, and educate a boy or girl for a year, 

FinanM. — ThoChnrch is maintaitied by (I) local offerings; (2) donations and 
subecriptions from Canada and England ; and (3) grants from English societies — the 
8.P.a. (760i., including lOOi. for Missionary boat), the C. & CCS. (285(.), and the 
S.P.C.K. (various amounts, from lOI. upwards, in aid of church building), in addition 
to liberal grants of Prayer and Service books, tracts, maps, ice., &c. During the 
year the Church people contributed, out ot,lheir poverty, about 70(W. tor the support 
of the Clergy, and 3001. for the erection of churches and parsonages. 

FTMting Hflsdi.— (1) The prayers of tlie Chareh. (2) Her substantial sympathy 
in the fonn of contributions for (I) an 'Endowment Fund ;' E,000(. has already 
been secured, including l,O0W. each from the 'S,P.Q.,'the 'S.P.C.K.,' and the -C.B.F.' 
Weneedat least 10,0001. more. (2) A 'Mission Fund' for the stipends, outfits, tec., 
of the Clergy. Minimum stipend 120?., maximum 18W. (3) A * Widows and 
Orphans' Fund,' for the families of deceased Clergy. (4) A ' Missionary Boat Fund,' 
for the maintenance of the ' Evangeline '—annual cost 300/. (3) A ' Church Build- 
ing Fund,' to supplement local efforts, on whidi outside help is always made con- 
ditional. Of 99 Congregations, only 6S have churches in which to worship, and of 
those only 3 are of stone, the rest of hewn logs or sawn timber. We also need 
clothing for Indians and poorer settlcis, and general reading matter (' Graphics' ^c-) 
for free distribution in poor and isolated portions of the Diocese. B. Algoh a. 

Bi«lioplHiiit,Siuilt Sl«. Marto, OnlMto : July B, 1886. 

0«naral Daieription.— This Diocese was formed in 1842, when 
the Diocese of Barbados was. by letters-patent from the Crown, 
divided into three— Barbados, British Guiana, and Antigua. Dr. 
William Walrond Jackson, tlie third Bishop, was oonseciated in 
Sloy 1860; and in January 1880, after forty-six years' service in the 
Church in the West Indies, he was compelled by failing health to 
retire from tbe active duties of the Sec. His coadjutor. Dr. Charles 
James Branch, was consecrated in July 1882, and to him the 
administration of tho Diocese ia now committed in the absence of 
the Bishop. 

The Diocese embraces the English inlands of Antigua, Dominica, 
Barbuda, llonlserrat, St. Kitt's, Nevis, Anguilla, Tortola, Virgin Gorda, and An^ada, 
as well OS ciiurchcs in the foreign islands ot St. Bartholomew (French), Saba (Dutch), 

l^toccscs of Jlnfiguo anft genital Africa. 233 

St. Croii and St. Thomas (D.miiil]), Porto Rico and Vifiqiies (SpaniBh). Ei^lish is 
the language o£ the oommon people in all these islands, eicept Dominica, which was 
foimerly a Fretich possession, and Torto Bico, nhich has always belonged to Spain. 

CkuTch Work.— Tbe siiteen isiandu arc divided into Ihroo aiclideaconries— viz., 
Antigua, St. Kitt's, and Virgin Inlands, Thoro are 43 chnrchca with separate parishes 
or districts, besides schoolrooms licensed for public worship, and there an: 37 Clergy 
(of whom 19 were bom in Ihc West Indies), ossistcil by 21 licensed Idj Readers. 
In 1873 the Church in the Knglish islantls was disestablished and disendowed, the 
rights of existing incumbents being reserved. A Diocesan Synod met for the first 
time, in Antigua, in Jane 1881, anil framed canons for the government of the Diocese, 
to which all the Clergy subscribed. It met again in Bt. Kitt's in IgSS, and is in 
fatnie to meet erery two years. Darinj^the year 18SS tliere were 2,189 baptisms, 332 
marriages, and 1,797 borials. The number of persons confirmed was 658, and there 
were 10,436 registered commanicants. The Itishop ordained 3 Pricats and 2 Deaci^ns. 
Ilnaiies. — The present Bishop, ander his patent, receives a stipend from the 
Consolidated Fond. This provi.sion will cease with his tenure of office, bat it has 
enabled him to provide for a coadjutor, and to add yearly to a tand for the future 
endowment of the See, which lias now reached 11,0001,, and is held in trnst by 
the S.P.a. Of the Cle^y in the English islands, 21 have now, from deaths and 
lemgnatiom on pension, been tlirown on the voluntary contribations of their Bocks, 
aniirted by annual grants from S.P.O., amounting together during 1884 to 860'. 
In the foreign islands the Clergy have always been supported entirely by their con- 
gitgatious. In tit. Thomas only, being a consular station, tlie rector of All Saints' 
leoeivei from the Foreign Office a small allowance as British Chaplain. The total 
■Dm collected in 1885 for Chnrcli purposes was 6,9631. The property of the Church 
is adminiitered under the Bishop, by a Cunncil in each Island, conmsting of tlie 
Clem and Teprcsentative laymen from each Parish. 

Uiwation.— This is provided for the hkbonring classes in the denominational 
■choolaof the several religious bodies — Church of England, Itoman Catholic, Moravian, 
and Wesleyan. These arc all subsidised by grants from the Legistatnrc, where they 
ate approved by the Govemraenl Inspector. The Church has 4,257 children in her 
day schools (in the Englisli islands), and 8,020 in tiunday schools. A large ma- 
jority of the labouring population can read (of the younger people nearly all), and 
many can write also. W. W. AntiOUA. 

gqrt.*, 18W. ^'- J- Bbasch, IHthop-CoadjHtor^ 


Oraeral Dsseriplion.— Tliis missionary Bishopric was toundei] by 

the English Dniver.sitlcs in 1861, in answer to an appeal from 

Livingstone lo the Chorch of England. Biehop Mackenzie and the 

first mission party were settled by Livingstone at Magomero, near 

the Shiri rivet. Aflerthe death of Bishop Uackcniie in 1862,thB 

head-quarters of the mission wore wisely removed by his successor. 

Bishop Toier, to Zanzibar, the capital of East Central Africa. Here, 

during the ten years of hi.t episcopate, good work was done in 

training native teachers and founding scliools. while fresh ground 

was broken on the roainl.Tnd. Bishop Tozer, having resigned through 

ill-health, was succeeded by Bishop Stecre, under whoso guidance 

the misHion rapidly cxtendc<1 itself on the mainland. He died in 

1888, and Dr. Smvthies was consecrated liis successor on St. Andrew's Day, 1883. 

The work of the mission lies in the 600 miles stretrhing from 6° S. lat. to Cape 
Delgado, and extends inland about 300 miles to Lake Kyassa. This countcy contains 
many different tribes, each with its own lan^'najtc. The population is large, but 
impossible lo estimate; in Uanmbara and the Ihindei country, and also around Lake 
Nvasso, it in dense. The natives nre fairly intelligent, but dllJer considerably accord- 
ing to their tribes ; the Bondeis and Yaos' are quick and inquiring, while the Kyassas 
are good-tempered and slothful. Since the mission station was opened at Magila, 
there has been a great advance in civilisation among the Itondeis. Part of the work 
is the rescue and training of freed slaves : this ia chiefly carricil on at three stat ions 
in the island of Zaniibai. Evidence luis not Imcn wanting dnring the past year that 
the slaTe trade is still flourishing along the cast coast and in the iutctioi wl Mfvt^. 

234 genital anb pastern ^ctualoxxal Jifrica. 

dLureh Work« — It is difficult to keep an accurate record of the Church members, 
as they are so widely scattered, but about 1,000 natives have been baptised, and there 
are a large number of catechumens and heareis under Christian instruction. 

There are mission stations at Zanzibar, in Usambara, and the Bondei country, on 
the Rovuma, and on Lake Nyassa, twelve in all, with several out-stations attached to 
them. Two archdeaconries have been founded : Magila In 1879, and Zanzibar in 1882. 
There are ten schools with European teachers, and several small day schools, at the vari- 
ous out-stations, with native teachers. There are 26 Clei^ (including three native 
deacons), 2 native readers, and 13 native teachers, the whole staff, including lay- 
workers, numbering 78 persons. 

A party of 8 missionaries made a successful expedition in 1885 up the rivers 
Zambesi and 8hir6 to Lake Nyassa, conveying the mission steamer ' Charles Janson,* 
for the purpose of taking up again the former work of the Mission, on the eastern 
shore of the Lake. A small islsjid, Dikomo, has been secured for the head-quarters 
of work on the lake, and among the adjoining tribes. The Bishop, with the Rev. 
W. P. Johnson (the originator of the steamer sememe), 3 other Clergy, and 3 English 
laymen left Zanzibar in May 1886, to reinforce the Nyassa and Rovuma districts. 
The beautiful church, on the site of the old slave-market, built by Bishop Steere, is 
now completed, with the exception of the internal decorations. Services are held in 
it every day for the native Christians, and also on Sundays for the English residents 
in Zanzibar. There are in the town of Zanzibar, besides some 50 English, nearly 
8,000 British Indian subjects. 

A stone church has been almost built at Mbweni, and at Magila a handsome stone 
church, with aisles and arches, was opened on Lady-day 1886. Our printing office, 
the only one in 2«anzibar, is doing good service, yearly turning out a large number of 
religious and educational books, which are used by the various missionary societies, 
and by their means carried far and wide into the interior of Africa. A theological 
school has at last been commenced for the higher training of promising lads, in the 
hope that eventually they may be found to have a vocation for Holy Orders. 

Finance. — The income from every source during the past year has exceeded 5,600Z. 
Subscriptions and donations in Zanzibar amounted to 168/., and the offertories in 
Zanzibar and Mbweni churches to 5U. All the members of the Mission are unsalaried. 

Keeds. — The Mission is now larger than the present income can maintain, and the 
committee have given notice that the expenditure must be reduced, but this can only 
be done by giving up some existing work. Our schools, with hundreds of scholars, 
are entirely supported by the funds of the Mission, and they are full. We need to 
extend our school accommodation. Our mud huts need replacing with stone build- 
ings, which admit of an upper story for sleeping. The outlay on the steamer and the 
new stations on Lake Nyassa adds greatly to our expenses. Many openings present 
themselves, which we would enter if we had the means. We g^reatly need, therefore, 
increased exertion on the part of all our friends, and individual effort to extend the 
circle of our subscribers. F.R.H. jnro Bishop Smtthibs. 

Zanzlfxir, June 17, 1886. 


fWm Oeneral Description.— This Diocese was founded in 1884, the 

^^||^ present Bishop being the first. It consists of the two C.M.S. 

_% |y districts, formerly known as the East African and the Victoria 

•^^■Pli^^ Nyanza Missions, though its extent may be spoken of as almost 

boundless. The East African Mission was commenced by Dr. Krapf , 
under the auspices of the C.M.S., in 1844 ; and in 1875 took anew 
phase through the foundation of a freed slave colony by the Rev. 
W. 8. Price, at Frere Town, on the mainland, near the island of 
Mombasa. The Nyanza Mission was commenced by the Rev. 
C. W. Wilson, Lieut. Shergold Smith, R.N., and others, in Usagara 
and Uganda, the country of the well-known late King Mtesa, where 
wonderful progress in the education and conversion of the people 
has been made. The characteristics of the people, while they have many points in 
conunon, yet vary very greatly, and some of the races seem much more receptive of 
Divine truth and education than otheirs do. No such thing aa idolatry is known 

IKoceses of Jlf^abosca anb Jluc&Ianft. 23s 

, but witchcraft in its most diabolical forms is gteatly pnotiwd. 
_ of tbo tribes there is a belief in a supmior being and a life beyoad 

the grin. The general apathj of bU to religioD cotmitntes one of tiie chief 
diScoltiec of the work. 

Chtueh Work.— The stations nninber 10, of which S belong to the East African 
UiitfoD — namely Frete Town, Rabbai, Qodoma, Teita, with a new one in progtteB tn 
Chagga— and 6 to the Tictoria Tijaoa Uission—naaielf, Uamboia, Mpwapwa, Uttu. 
liaalala, and Uganda. The Clergy number 13, of whom two are natives ; the Lay 
Agent* (Bompean), 11 ; the native teachers, 8. 

Tie prindpal ereats of the year have been the ordination of the first two natire 
Cat«chista; the long-desired exlension of the work in the region of Kilima-Kjaro ; 
tha intelligenoe of the death ot Mtesa, and the sacceEEion to the throne of Uwann, 
while the king^ aieter, who in a measure shares the regal authority, accor^ng to the 
custom of tbe conntiy, is Bebccca, a baptised Christian. 

Jaheb, BUAoji, Eattern Bpmtoritd Afriea. 

BUhiVs Boon, Fro* Town, E. Africa : Jalf 9, 18Se. 

fleiLBTal Description. — This comprises the sonthem portion 

of the original Diocese of that name, which included what is 
now called the Diocese of Mackenzie Giver. The division was 
effected at the l*roTincial Bynod of the Church of En^and in 
Bupert'sUiDd.beld in 1383. Its northern booodaryls the SOtb 
parallel of north latitnde, its western the Rocky Uountains. 
The eastern and southern boundaries are not yet defined. 

Chnnh Work.— The work is at present almost purely of 
a missionary character. To visit the Missions already est** 
hlished, or snch points as oifer farourable openings, will entail 
ttarelling for Gomc 3,000 miles in going and returning. The 
chief means of travel are the rivers and lakes, the latest of 
which are the Feace, Athabasca, Slave, and Clearwater Riveis, with their tribu- 
taries, and Lakes Athabasca, Wollaston, and Lesser Slave Lake. The Indians 
Fcattered throughout this immense area ore Beavera, Wood Crees. and Chippewyans. 
Fonr Missions are occupied. At two of these there are good churches ; at the third 
a large room in the Mission House is fitted up for scn-icc. Five other points conld 
be oceapied at once were there only means. Three Clergymen are already In the' 
field, and 2 more are to join. There arc also 3 Lay Agents. The income, 1,22SI., is 
BuppUed by the C.M.8. 

The Peace River country offers favourable conditions for Bettlemont. The Cana- 
dian Blnc-Book for 1681 reports, on the north bank, a tract of country some six 
hundred miles in length, and aveiagiug forty miles in width, of which a large per- 
centage is fit for immediate settlement, and a good deal more could be eaaily 
cleared. The soil is a goad black loaiu, with a gravelly clay subsoil. Its wheat is 
already favourably known. Rickabd Athabasca. 

Toit Cblppcwyms, Atlubuci, N.W.T., CSBwIk : Jiilj IS, \StS. 


ASeneral Deiorlptien. — This Diocese, formerly known as that of 
New Zealand, is that part of the colony which the late Bishop 
Selwyn retained for himself, after resigning the charge of those 
provinces which now form the Dioceses of Christchurch, Welling- 
ton, Nelson, Waiapu, and Dunedin. 
The first Bishop of the Diocese, Dr. George Angnstns Selveyn, 
afterwards Bistiop of Lichfield, was consecrated in 18*1, and his 
successor, the present Bishop, in 1669. 
The Diocese of Aockland comprises the northern part of the 
north island of the colony of Kcw Zealand, extending from south 
lot. 3*"= 20" to 39° 20", and from east long. 172' SS' to 176". and con- 
twnt an area of abont 16,669 square miles, with a scattered European population ot 
aboqt 160.D00. 

236 3^toccscs of ^ucktcmb <mb "^alhxvttt 

A luge portion of the population is engaged in commerce, Anckland poesesitiiig 
the principal harbour of the colony; a considerable part is occupied in agricultural 
juid pastoral employments, and Bome thoosanda work in the Thames gold-fields, and 
in digging the gum of the Kauri pine. 

ChnreS Work, *«. — The number of Clergy is at preaent 71, including 13 Maoris, 
and the rnunber of congregations about 210. Of the European population about 
66,000, and of tlie Maori population abont 18,000, are members of tbe Church. 

Ednoation. — There is a college, situated about six miles from Auckland, for the 
training of candidates for Holy Orders, and other young men, the nuileti of which 
is the Rev, William Beatty, M.A. It has a gross income of about 1,4001. There is 
also a Church Grammar School in Auckland, with a small endowment, the Head- 
master of which is H. T. Pycroft, Esq, 

Fiiunes. — There are scarcely any parish endowments, the Clergy being main- 
tained almost entirely by the weekly offerings of the people. Abont 13,000/. was 
contributed by the congregationB in 1886 for Church work in the Diocese, 

FretiiiLg Heads.— The chief wants of the Diocese are young men of zeal, possei^s. 
ing i^ysicid slrength and intellectual training, for the pastoral charge of the mnlti- 
plying oongicgatioDs, and funds to support them. V, G. Adcelaho. 

fildbop'B Oourl. Auckl&Dd : Aagnst 16, 1§8A. 


General Dsieription.— The Diocese ot Ballaivt was separated 

from that of Melbourne in 187G. It forms the western, a« the 
present See of Melbourne forms tbe eastern, portion of the oolony 
of Victoria. The boundaries of the Diocese are therefore thorn 
of the Colony, except on the east, where they roughly approxi- 
mate to the 14 jth meridian E, longitndc. It is half tbe sfie of 
England anct Wales, and contains some 300,000 souls, of whom 
some 70,000 or 80.000 amy be adherents of the Church of Kng- 
land; the majority arc Presbyterians and Wesleyans, and one- 
sixth Eoman Catholics. Only 100 are aboriginal blacks; 6,000 
or 7,000 arc Chinese heathen. The popnlation averages five or 
si« persons to the square mile. It has only one large town, 
Ballaret, containing some 42,000 people ; and no high-olasa sea- 
port. A range of high hills traverses it, but it is chiefly level ; on the north-west 
and south are large tracts of wild forest and scrub : the climate is delightful. The 
people are mainly (a) 'squatters,' or • settlers,' that is, large landholders, in lease- 
hold or freehold, wool growers ; these are chiefly Presbyterians, and are increasingly 
absentees ; (i) gold miners ; («) selectors, or small bush farmers. The last is by far 
the most nnmerous class. 

Chnrali Work.— There are j3 parishes or districts, 65 Clergy, 12 Lay Headers, and 
47 honorary Lay Helpers, who bold the Biehop's licence ; 113 Anglican ohuiches, 
besides 12 osed for Anglican Service, and 64 parsonagefi. The commanicants are over 
4.000, and about 3,000 persons are baptised, and 1,000 confirmed, yearly. Increase 
has taken place during the year in all departments. Eleven new churches have been 
opened, and 5 others are in more or loss immediate prospect ; 7 have been sub- 
stantially cnlai^d or improved; 3 parsonages have been built or acquired; and 
3 schools have been enlaif^ed or improved and 1 built. The Girls' Friendly Society 
of the Diocese nnmben some 204 associates and 1,300 members. The movement for 
erecting a atone Cathedral of beautiful design, to cost 36,0001. without spire, is pro- 
gressing, upwards of 2,Q0Ol. having been contributed. The present Pro-Cathedral is 
altogether too small tor the congregations desiring to use It. The Church Anembly 
now nombers 107— C6 Clergy and B2 Laymen. 

Edneation.— The Stale School education of the colony is absolutely leoiilar, 
compulsory, tax-supported, and free. There are, practically, no Chuich ol BnglaAd 
day Bohoois in the Diocese. There are abont 10,000 Church Sunday scholars, with 
1,000 teachers. The level of education in secular matters is good; la^e numbers of 
the rising generation matrionlate at the Klelbourne Unireisity. llie amount ot 
religioua ignorance among the young is great. Tbe Clergy are now admitted t« ^tItq 

'^icccs^s of ^avhabos & '^inbwavb ^$lanb$. 237 

religious instraction in the State schools after school hours, but this is only possible 
in the larger centres of population. 

Finance. — The Diocese receives no aid whatever from the State. The contribu- 
tions towards building churches, mbsion rooms, and parsonages amounted, in 1885, 
to 4,739i. ; for support of Clergy and Lay Helpers, 15,499/.; for Sunday schools, 
667/. ; and for other Charities, 542/. The S.P.G. and S.P.C.K. have helped liberally 
towards the Clergy Endowment Fund, and the former made an annual grant until 
1881. The Colonial and Continental Church Society now grants 100/. a year. 

Speeial Keeds. — One special need of the Diocese is money for building, on loan, 
in the * selector' districts, Churches, Parsonages, and Sunday schools (the use of 
the church for these being undesirable if it can be avoided), and for training, horsing, 
and helping to maintain Clergy for bush missionary districts. An endowment fund 
of 35,000/. at least is needed to furnish an adequate backbone of income for Diocesan 
operations in this department ; only about 30,000/. has been accumulated. A con- 
.siderable accession of income is needed for the Chinese missions in the Colony. 
There are admirable openings for young unmarried Cleigy, graduates of the choicer 
and more energetic sort : none whatever for half -hearted, lialf-educated, or cumbered 
men. 8. Ballarat. 

Jane 28, 1886. 


General Description. -Tlie Diocese of Barbados, founded in 1824, 
originally extended from British Guiana to the Virgin Islands, and 
was divided into three archdeaconries — Barbados, Guiana, and 
Antigua. After the resignation of the first Bishop, Dr. WiUiam 
Hart Coleridge, the Diocese was divided into three, each Archdeaconry 
becoming a separate See, and Archdeacon Fairy, of Barbados, became 
Bishop of that Diocese, to whom Dr. Mitchinson succeeded in 1873. 
Before his appointment Trinidad had become a separate Diocese, and 
during his episcopate the islands of St. Vincent and Grenada, with 
the Grenadines and Tobago, were formed into the Diocese of the 
Windward Islands. St. Lucia was not incorporated with the other 
islands, but by their Anglican Church ordinance of 1875 the Bishop of Barbados has 
episcopal supervision over the Anglican congregations there, though he has no legally 
defined jurisdiction. On the resignation of Dr. Mitchinson in 1881, the present 
Bishop was appointed, and was consecrated in Lambeth Palace Chapel, on St. Philip 
and St. James's Day, 1882. 

DioceBC of Barbados. 
Chnreli Work. — The Diocese is co-extensive with the island of Barbados, and has 
a population, according to the last census, of 171,860, of whom 151,048 are entered 
as belonging to the Church of Kngland. The number of communicants in 1883 was 
12,105, and there were 49 Clergy, including those holding chaplaincies and engaged 
in educational work, besides 14 Lay Readers. The baptisms in 1885 were 6,684 ; the 
confirmations in 1884 were 1,624 ; in 1885, 874 ; in 1886 (to date) 2,159 ; total, 4,657. 
Ordinations in 1881-5, 2 Deacons and 2 Priests; in 1886 (to date) 2 Deacons and 
2 Priests. There are 1 1 parish churches and 34 district chapels. Important legis- 
lative alterations, affecting the status of the Clergy, and other Church questions are 

Education. — The Island possesses the College founded in 1710 by 'General 
Codrington, whose name it bears. It is administered by the S.P.G., who are the 
trustees under his will, and it was affiliated in 1875 to the University of Durham. 
Liberal provision is made throughout the Colony for education, under the control of 
an Education Board, with an annual grant from the Colonial Legislature, limited to 
15,000/. ITiere are 3 first grade and 5 second grade schools. The Church has 146 
elementary schools, with 8,632 scholars ; the Wesleyans have^21, and the Momvians 
20 schools, with 1,295 and 1,223 scholars respectively. 

Finance. — The Church is established and salaried by the Colonial Legislature. 
The Bishop receives 1,000/., the rectors 325/. with residence and glebe, and the 
curates 200/. per annum, with, in some cases, a very small glebe, and either a house 
or an allowance for rent. The offertories in 1884 produced 1,077/., IVi^ ^n^-i^hX.^ 

238 $iaccs«s of ^in6tt)ar6 §slan6s & ^af^ursf. 

1,2521., Babsciiptions and donations 646/., and 655^. wgtg raised bj other methods. 

The income of the Chucb, so tar as it is Tolnntaiy, U niSering great); from d^prcs- 
sion in the su^r trade. 

He«di.— A^ increased supply of Clct^ry to meet the rapidly Increasing population, 
each Cl«rg;-man having on an average 4,000 sonb nnder his care ; also an aogmeDla- 
tion of ceitajn coracics. for which at least 1,000^ is needed. A Diocesan Church 
Fund was started at tho session of the Church Conncil for 1SS3, and hasTcachcl 
the sum of 300/. per annum. Tliis has been raised in the island ; no appeal has yet 
been made to the proprietor? living in England, for the reason mentioned above. 
DiMM* at the Wittdward Uands. 

CbsTOh Work.— This Diocese is divided into two Aichdeaconries— St. Vincent, 
inclndin^ that island and the Greoailincs, and Orenada, including Tobe^. The 
population is 101,002, of whom 4!I.BT7 are Church members, and 6,100 are com- 
munioanls. There are 25 Clergy, 11 licensed Readers, and 82 charcbcs. The con- 
UrmatioDs in 1SB4 were 940; in I8S5, 830,- and in 18S6, 703 — total. 2,473. 4 Deacons 
and 2 Priests have been ordained. The educa'.ion is denominational, and is assisted 
by Govenmient grants. 

Fixanee.— In Grenada the Church is disestablished and disendowed, saving vested 
interests ; in St. Vincent it is disestablished, but there is concurrent endowment, the 
Wesleyans, Moravians, and Roman Catholics receiving aid according to their nnmber*. 
The State aid is entirely withdrawn from Tobago, which is simply bankmpt. Tlie 
B. P.O. have made a special grant of 2001 more for three years, which makes it certain 
that for this period we shall have money to pay one clergyman, when there are three 
large districts, and twelve places of worship. More than one. nnlcra wc can get more 
aid, it viill be impossible to maintain, and we have hitherto had three Priests and a 
Deacon in the island. In St. Vincent a severe hurricane on August 15 swept over 
the Island, destroying live of our churches, tiesidcs schools and mission honaes. A 
strong appeal has been made for aid from England, and in the other Dioceses, to 
rebuild these. We can only pray and trust that this will not be withheld. Formerly 
tho Church received a large amount of Imperial aid, bat as each vested rig^t lapser, 
this is withdrawn, and in a few years it will be extinct. For tbo salaries of tho 
Clergy, and for building and repairing churches, schools, and parsonages, the Cburdi 
must depend on voluntary effort, wljich menns really the pence of the labouring 
classes, who are very poor. There ore clmrches now standing unGnished, and schools 
crumbling to ruin, for lack of funds, and complaints come in from all parishes as to 
the difficulty of getting in the Susteotation yimd. Tlic Wesleyans and other bodies 
receive aid from home, but we receive none, with the exception of a grant from tho 
Cliristian Faitli Society. The S.P.G. hiw, however, made a grant of 200/. a year to 
the Diocese, commencing from January 1 88.'>. Unless some assistance be ^ven, tho 
position of the Anglican Church will become very critical when the Imperial grantii 
ate ^1 withdrawn. The Bishop receives no salary beyond the payment of his travel- 
ling expenses. 

■bms. — Among other needs one of the most pressing is some provision for higher 
education, of which there is practically none, except a grammar school for bnys in 
Grenada. H. Barb&DOS, fee 

BUiop'i Cvmt, Bubadog : Oolober !, IBHS. 

Qaneral Dsserlptioii. — This Diocese was formed in IS69 oot of 
tho Dioceses of Sydney and Newcastle, in the area of New Sontli 
Wales known as the Western Districts. A large district has this 
year been taken away to form part of the new Diocese of Riverina. 
founded by the Hon. Oeo:ge Cnmpbell, of Sydney. Pastoral por- 
suits occupy a great nomlier of the people ; there are also gold and 
copper mines, but the former are almost worked out, and the latler 
are not now remnnerative, in consequence of the low price of the 

CknzBhWork.— There are 30 parishesand 31 clergy. Thecler^ 

are paid by local committees, all State aid having ceased. I^eir 

avenge 2S0f., with a residence. There is n Church Society, supported by 


'^icuse& af '^loetnfonicxn anb ^omBag. 239 

TolimtazyoontribTitioDs, by which grants are made to supplement the stipends and to 
asast candidates for Holy Orders at College. 

J. £. Bathubst. 
Billinnk» KJB.W. : May 26, 1885. 


0«nerftl Beteription. — This Diocese was founded in 1863, and 
consists of the Orange Free State, Basutoland, Griqualand West, 
and Bechuanaland ; the population of the first three of these divi- 
sions is about 300,000, of whom perhaps half are natives ; that of 
Bechuanaland is uncertain. 

Church Work« — The Diocese is divided into 6 Rural Deaneries, 
containing 14 parishes, 7 chapelries, and 6 mission stations. There 
are 33 clergy (28 priests and 5 deacons), 1,818 communicants, and 
1»200 paririiioners having a vote at vestry meetings. During the 
past year 129 adults and 766 infants were baptised, and 176 persons were confirmed 
at the Diamond Fields, by the Bishop of Pretoria, on account of the vacancy in the 
See. St. Augustine's Brotherhood carries on missionary and parochial work, and 
St. Michaers Sisterhood is engaged in educational work and hospital nursing in 
Bloemfontein, Kimberley, and other places. 

JdocatioiL— -There are 22 day schools in different parts of the Diocese, 3 night 
schools^ and 23 Sunday Schools, the average attendance at each varying from 20 
to 68. 

TfaaaM. — The amount raised in the Diocese by offertories and subscriptions (ex- 
dosiye of bazaars, and donations from friends in England) was 5,4792. 

Prttdng Kaeds.— A new church at Beaconsfield (Griqualand West), and the pay- 
ment of a debt of 3,600^ on the church at Kimberley ; also the enlargement of the 
misnon school there, and the maintenance of a priest for district work. A Clergy 
Snstentation Fund is another urgent need. The practical difficulty is that common to 
the whole Colonial Church, namely, insufficiency of means. In order to do the work 
properly, at least double the number of clergy and more than treble the present 
income would be necessary, and that would still leave out of view the maintenance 
of educational and other institutions. 
Bloemfontein, S. Africa, November 4, 188D. 


General Description. — This Diocese was separated from that of 
Calcutta in 1832. It comprises the whole Presidency of Bombay, 
except the Province of Sind, which was attached to the new Dio- 
cese of Laliore in 1878 ; but the Bishop also visits several military 
stations in Rajputana and Central India, not included in the Presi- 
dency, as well as Aden in Arabia. The population, according to the 
cenbus returns of 1881, was 14,040,591. of whom 12,003,603 were 
Hindus, 1,133,027 Mahommedans, 215,033 Jains, 131,235 Christians, 
71,002 Parsis, 7,799 Jews, 302 Buddhists, 124 Sikhs, 17 Brahmo 
Somaj, 9 Unitarians, and 476,634 aboriginals. 

Church Work. — Of the total Christian population of the Presi- 
dency, only 16,636, or about 12 per cent., belong to the Church of England, and of 
these, about half are British troops and their families ; of the remainder, by far the 
larger number belong to the Church of Rome, many of them being of Goanese 
descent, and tracing back their Christian parentage to the days of St. Francis Xavier. 
The native Christians belonging to the Church of England were returned in the 
census of 1881 as numbering only 2,563; no large increase is to be looked for, 
unless the Mission Staff of the Diocese can be greatly strengthened. At present, 
the Missionary Clergy amount to only 24 in actual residence, of whom but six are 
natives of India ; 10 belong to the S.P.G., 8 to the C.M.S , and the remainder are 
members of, or working vnth, the Society of St. John the Evangelist, commonly 
known as • the Cowley Fathers.' Of the total strength r f the Diocese, 27 are chap- 
lains on the Government establishment, and there arc 3 railway chaplains, and 1 

240 ^ioccscs of ^omBas anb ^atcuHa, 

harbonr chaplain. Tlic consecrated churches number 30, and there are 27 unconsc- 
crated buildings in which service i» regularly held, besides 3 churches awaiting con- 
Hccration. Last year 280 persons were confirmed, at 22 different centres. 

Education. — The educational agencies of the Diocese are of three kinds, corre- 
sponding to three different classes — {a) Middle-class Europeans and Eurasian; all 
who can possibly afford it send their children to Europe for ctlucation. (A) Poor 
Europeans and Eurasians, (r?) Native Christians. 

The first class pay by far the larger part of their own educational expenses, aided 
by liberal grants made at the public cost, according to results, and greatly benefited 
by the fact that members of l)oth the sisterlioods mentioned below render services as 
head-mistresses of high schools, such as no salary could buy. The agency for sub- 
sidising schools of this class is the * Diocesan Board of Education/ through which 
the S.P.C.K. has contributed to the building of schools in the Diocese. The annual 
grants made by the Board to the schools affiliated to it amount to only 10*5 per 
cent, of their total expenses. For the maintenance and education of poor children, 
two organisations exist, besides the admirable Lawrenoe Asylum at Mount Abu, viz., 
the Bombay Education Society, which maintains 300 children in its schools at 
Byculla, chiefly of pure European blood, and the Indo- British Institution, which 
maintains 100, almost all of mixed descent. Mission schools are maintained by 
the S.P.G., the C.M.S., the Society of St. John the Evangelist, and the Wantage 
sisterhood. The total number of children under Church instruction in the Diocese 
is 8,433, besides those who receive instruction from the Clergy in the undenomi- 
national schools of every regiment and battery in the presidency. 

Conyentaal EBtabliihments.— The Society of St. John the Evangelist has bouses 
in Bombay and Poona. In Bombay, a poor European district is the centre of the 
Society's work, but mission work is carried on in connection with the oi^nisation. 
The work at Poona is of a purely missionary character. The Sisterhood of St. Mtay 
the Virgin, Wantage, opened a branch at Poona in 1877. Besides maintaining St. 
Mary*s Home, for native work of various kinds, hospital, education, &c, the Society 
is in charge of, and supplies mistresses to St. Mary's High School for European girls 
and infants. The Sisterhood of All Saints opened a house in Bombay in 1878. 
The sisters nurse in the European and the largest native hospital, and are in charge 
of, and supply mistresses to, the Cathedral and St. Peter's high schools for girls and 

Needs. — Besides a large increase in the mission staff, the Diocese requires more 
Clergy to overtake the neeils of the rapidly increasing railway population. The 
shareholders of the Great Indian Peninsula lUilway Company have made munificent 
contributions from their dividends, amounting, at different times, to 1,34,000 rupees, 
for the endowment of chaplaincies for the Company's servants. One Clergyman has 
long been subsidised out of the earlier grant of 34,000 rupees, and another was sent 
out in January 1886 on the strength of the recent grant of a lakh. A third is 
expected. This will still leave, however, two large railway centres dependent on 
occasional visits from Clergy resident elsewhere. 

One large high school is still without a building of its own, and that of another 
is still incomplete. 

L. a. BOXBAT. 

Bombay : Juno 25, 18^6. 


General Description.— This diocese was founded in 1814, and 
now consists of the Provinces of Bengal and Assam, the Korth- 
AVest Provinces, Oudh, the Central Provinces and Central India, 
being 1,600 miles long by 500 broad. The languages spoken are 
Bengali, Hindi, Urdu, and Assamese, besides dialects of aborigixial 

Chnrch Work.— There are 211 European c<>ngregations of the 
Church of England, under the spiritual charge of 93 Clergy, of 
whom 62 are on the Bengal Ecclesiastical Establishment^ serving 
121 stations, and 31, not on the Establishment, serve 90 stations. 
The mission work is carried on principally by the S.P.G. and C.M.S. 

'pioceses of @a(cuiia and ^aUbonia. 241 

The nninber of native ChHetians cnntiectcl with tbe Chiircli of England is reckoned 
Kt 31^9. and the Dumber of communicants at ll,66.'i. These are under tlie spirilual 
charge of 61 native Cler^, and GO Hiiropean and East Indian Clergy, An importaot 
step in orgaoiEation has been taken by the formation of a Dioceasji Council, which 
waa dedded upon at a Diocesan Conference held in January, 1885. This Council is 
iDt«Dded to be a deliberative and admim)<trative bod;, to assist the Bishop in dealing 
with itU Church affairs. It is at present working as a proviaional measure, but at 
the next Conference a more perfect constitution will be adopted, which will secure 
wleqaate representation to each European and Kativo conerce>^tion in the Diocese. 
An important result of this new step is that the S.P.C. have consented to place Ihe 
numagement and control of the Missions which they support in the Diocese, entirely 
■a the hands of this Conncil. 

Xdnaatlon.— The number of children under instroction in the S.P.G. schools 
is 3,639, at whom 1,631 are Christian, and 2,108 non-Christian. In the C.M.8. 
* schools are £,TTI Christian, and 0,607 non-Chriatian children. There are also large 
and inlportant schools for European and East Indian children at Calcutta, Allabab^, 
And several other places, which have been developed and assisted by the Diocesan 
Board of Education, aided by generous grants from Ihc S.l'.C.K. In these Bchoola 
1,717 children are educated. ISesides tliese there are many schools, not entirely 
connected with the Church of England, which contain a large number of children. 
The introduction of a new code for ?iuropean schools, based npon the one in forco 
in Eoglsud, will give a fresh stimulus to eduiation, and is making the institaliun 
of a Training College, both for men and women, a most urgent necessity. 

nnaac*. — Fonrteen Clergy are snpported by the Additional Cterjry Society, aided 
by (lovenment, and four by the planters in the ten districts. A Dioccran 
Board of Finance has been established, which underlaltes the management of most 
of the Diocesan Funds and Societies. Tlie invested faiids are about 60,000'., the 
interest of which, together with subscriptions and offertories, is available for various 
■ocieties, and is distributed by (he Diocesan Board. An asociation has lately been 
formed in England, called the ' Indian Church Aid Association,' the object of which 
is to baild up and strengthen the Church In India. This affords an excellent channel 
through which people resident in England can help the Indian Church with offerings 
and gifts. Archdeaoon Baly, Kew Uar<lcns, Surrey, will give every information on 

■aada. — The most pressing need ts the living agency, and money to support it. 
IVhether we regard the mission-Iield, education, hospitals, districts existing in 
the large towns and stations, or look at pcnitentinrics or orphanages which it 
la drairable to establish, the cry is for men and women who will come forth and 
devote themselvcB to God's work, and carry on the teaching of the English Church 
in His name. Nor is the need of money much less. The European in India is less 
tied to the country than his predecessors were ; England is nearer, journeys thither 
an more frequent, expenses in India arc increased ; we no longer hear of the msgnl- 
ficent gifts that were made in old time to educational and other institutions, and we 
have to fall back on England now to snpply the growing wants of the coontry, 
and to extend the teaching of the kingdom of God to both the European and the 
native. Edward H. Calcctta. 

Anput T, 1S8S. 

Oeneral Description, - This Diocese was founded in 1870, and 
comprises the whole of British Columliia north of the Salmon 
and Nechfico Rivers, and Fort (ieorgc on Ihc Frasor, The country 
is moimtainoas and covered with timber. The sea abounds with 
tish, and the forests with fur.bcaring animals. Cold is found 
in many creeks that How into the Skecna, Kass, and Stickine 
r.ivors. Excellent coal has also been discovereil. The climate 
on the const is remarkably mild and equable, but moist. Until 
the projected railway from Winnipeg to Fort Sinjpson, by the 
Peace River Pass, is completed, this Diocese is not an inviting 
Geld to emigrants from Europe. Fishermen from Newfound- 
Imnbenten from Old Canada, sue the types of men who Ehonid Brat 

242 ^toccd<;s of ^aUbonxa anb ^apclcmn. 

seek homes here. There is a larp:e and intelligent Indian i>opu1nlioD, which, under 
prudent direction, will hv helpful in dcvolopinjf the resources of the country. At 
present many of ihcm are seriou.sly <lisaflfecte<l towards the (iovernment, and c«»ii>e- 
quently missionary effort is greatly impeded. 

Chureli Work.^The work in this Diocese is entirely missionary. One Clerg3'man 
is provided by the Society for tlie Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts to 
minister to the white ix)pulation, and the Church Missionary Society provides 5 
Clergy for the Indians, and also the Bishop's income. There is no endowment. The 
latter Society also pro\'idi>s 2 lay Kuro]>ean Missionaries, and 6 native Catechists. 
This year translations of the four Gosj>cls have been printed in Zimshiam. Four 
native lang^uages have been rednce<l to i^-riting during the last three years, and 
])ortions of Holy Scriptures, of the Prayer- Book, and some hymns, have been or arc 
being printed. 

Beedi. — Another missionary is much neediMl for the whites ; also funds for en- 
dowing the see, for erecting a training school, and building several churches. 


Mctlahattan, Britis^U Cohiinbi.i ; August •:s, Ut6, 


General Description. — This Diocese embraces tlic western por- 
tion of the colony of the Cape of Good Hope, and covers an 
area of about the same magnitude as Great Britain. It is the 
Metropolitical See of the Province of South Africa, and was 
fo:inded in 1847, being then the only Diocese in South Africa, 
and embracing the whole of the present Province. Tlie popula- 
tion is 278,918, of whom 45,000 are Church people. Tlie work 
may be classed under two heads — that among European residents 
or sojourners, and that among the natives of the country, 
Hottentots, Kafirs, Dainai*as, Basutos, Mantatees, and above all 
mixed races, who are scattered over every part of the Diocese. 
There are also some 7,{M)0 or 8,000 Mahomedans, mostly Alalays, descendants of 
slaves brought from Batavin more than a century ago, who form a most important and 
influential element in the population. The white jwpulation is in the main essentially 
Dutch, and the land is almost entirely owned by members of the Dutch lleformeil 
Church. The Cape is a wine and wool producina: country, and some parts of it are 
rich in all kinds of fruit and vegetation, for which, however, there is not sufficient 
market. The climate is delightful. 

Church Work.— There arc 41 churches and .")0 school chapels; and 83 church 
schools and 36 parsonages. The Clergy number 63, and there is a large staff of cate- 
chists. Several churches and schools have recently been built, and others beautified 
and enlarged. The average number confirmed of late years has been about 900, and 
the communicants of the Diocese amount to 6,700, so far as the returns have been 
sent in. The average attendance at Sunday school is 3,328, or S'^ per cent, of the 
number on the registers. The average attendance at church each Sunday is 12,500. 

Education. — The Diocesan College at Kondebosch was founded by Bishop Gray, 
in 1849, for the purpose o! providing higher education on Church principles. Tlio 
Rev. J. E. Sedgwick, M.A., has been appointed Principal. The average number of 
students for the last few years has been 100. A Kafir College was also founded 
by Bishop Gray, in 1851, at Zonuebloem, for the general education and industrial 
training of the natives, of whom there are at present 30 in the College. At Wynberg 
there is a school for girls of the upper class, boarders and day schohirs. In Capetown 
there is a Cathedral Choir School for boys, a High School and Middle Class Schools 
for girls, besides a School of Industry and the Parochial Mission Schools. There is 
also St. George's Home for Penitents, and St. Michael's Home for destitute children, 
under the charge of the Sisters of All Saints, and the St. George's Orphanage under 
the direction of Miss Arthur. There are other schools also of various kinds in con- 
nection with the Church. 

Finance.— The average amount raised within the Diocese, for all Church purposes, 
during the last four years has been 16,000/. Funds, hnwcvcr, arc urgently ncedel, an 

■ I ■ . 

lS^ioc«ses of @opciottm anfe ^t^-©§ina. 243 

)h« B.PXl. bKS been obliged to Tsdaoo its annual gnat by no lew titan 600/., and there 
are c»lla on all aides for grant* to carry on new work. 

Jltdl. — Uoie fandg — 1. To maintain a travcliin); priest or priests — (a) io visit 
O'jt-Btatiotu and districts in charge of a deacon ; (A) to relieve parish priests needing 
rest. 2. To double the staff of Clerf^ in populous parishes. 3. To establish a 
Diooeawi Hiddle-clas» Oirls' school, with a view to the training of teachers for our 
Misaion schools. (. The foundation stone of the New House of Mercy was laid on 
the FeMt of All Bainis b; H. B. the Administrator of the Government, at Lclicbloem 
near Capatown. The oast will be about 6,0001., excloaive of site and famishing, 
whioli 2,000/. has jet to bo raised. 


Oeaaral DMerlptlon.— In 1B72, on the consecration of Bidop 
Russell, the portion of China north of the 2Sth parallel of 
north latitude was constituted the Diocese of North China ; in 
1880 the six northern provinces were asaigued to Bishop SciDtt, 
nder the name of North China, while the remaining eight 
prorinces, or portions of proTinees, Keangsn, Nganhwei, Che- 
keang, Eeangsi, llupch. Hunan, Szcchucn, and Kweichow, with 
an area of about 360,000 square miles, were formed into the 
Diocese of Mid-China. The Chinese population caitnot be Icsa 
than 100,000,000, and probably ia much more. 

Chnnh Wnk.— The native members of the Church number 
880 ; the Europeans perhaps 600. At the date of the hist annual 
report the communicants among the Chincae were 450, among 
tbo resident Enropeana perhaps 100. At Shanghae the largest nomber of commu- 
nicants at one time was 64. Tlicrc are 10 European Clergy^l chaplain and 8 mis- 
Honaiics — and 1 Chinese; the cat«chisls and Christian schoolmasters number H, 
The baptisms in the year under review— t)ct. 1883 to Sept. 30, 1884— were 86 among 
■he Chinese — 38 adults and 17 infants— niid 38 among Europeans ; the Bishop con- 
firmed 77 Cliineac and 7 Enropenns. Thtro is a tine church nt Shanghae, which Dishop 
Russell constituted his Catho<lr:il, and 9 other churches, '2 English anil 7 Ctiincse, arc 
lUdieated for Divine senioe according to tbo rites of the Church of Kngland ; bat 
one of the former and one of the hitter class have ceased (o be so employed, owing 
to the removal of the cotigrcgiitioii ; there arc besides many Protescha; some in 
private houses, where for the present the Liturgy is read and the Sacraments aro 
administered. Missionaries arc stationed at Hangchow (ptoiiDoial capital of Cbc' 
heang), where the iiidliop resides, at Kingpoand Shaohing (departmental cities of the 
same province), and at Shanghae, a district cilf of Kcangsii, and the chief port for 
foreign trade. Two of the four native priests reside at Ningpo, and (wo at Bub- 

Eduoation.— There is no Church education for Europeans, except the Sunday school 
of Shanghae Cathedral, with 30 scholars, not of the poorer class. For Chinese, there 
are 22 mission schools with 300 scholars ; of these oil but 3 are day ».!hooIs,andmrrc 
than half the scholars are heathen boys. At Xiugpo are '2 boaiding schools, oi^o 
under the Ecv. J. C. Hoate, ciiiofiy for the sons of Clirislians, with a theological de- 
partment attached, containing 30 scholars and •soiuinarists; ' the other under Miss 
Lawrence, for the daughters of Christians and others, with upwards of 30 pupiU. 
A boarding school for daoKhters of Christians has bccu commenced at Hangchow, 
under the care at the Biiibop's wife, in which there arc 15 hoar>lur?i, hesiilcs i day 
scholars. Ihcy are taught Holy Hicrijiture and the rmycr-book, both in the Chinese 
character and in the colloquial printeil in roman letters ; to write, cipher, and sing, 
and also nceilh'work and cookery. Tlie building was tiic kind pft of Mr. W'.V. Jones, 
of Warrington. Tlio matron's salarj- is pid by the (\M.S., and current expenses are 
met by the Diocesan and private fiin'ls. More ihaii half the pupils pay a small 
annual tee— a new feature. Tlioro in a. training college at Ningpo, under the Itev. 
J. C. Hoare, for the cilucation of schoolmasters nnil catechisls. Mr. Iloarc, well 
(•econdcd by his seminarists, has during Iho past year greatly extended the ajgresaiva 
action of our Mi^jsion to the heathen. 

244 l>toce$es of ^xb-^^ina anb ^oti^ ^^na. 

Finance. — The extreme depression of trade has affected the ability of theShanghae 
Church community to contribute for religious purposes. The offertories during the 
year for Church expenses, alms and missionary work, amounted to about 285/. This 
was over and above the regular subscriptions to the Church Fund. The native 
Christians contributed about 60/. towards the cost of their pastoral system. 

lliis notice of the Diocese would not be complete without mention of the very 
important Medical mission at Hangchow, in the province of Chekeang, wlddi was 
originally started with funds given by an Indian civilian many yean ago, as mn 
expression of his regret at having been connected officially with the C^mn Depart- 
ment. In reference to this work, it was stated in the last report that Hospital 
accommodation proving inadequate, a grant had been procured from the Tmetoes 
of the ' William Cliarlcs Jones Fund ' (administered by the C.M.S.) for tJbe eridfon 
of a new building. A really admirable building was accordingly completed in the 
spring of the present year, and opened to patients at the end of April. It accom- 
modates some 56 male and 14 female patients, and for ventilation and other 
advantages would compare well with good hospitals at home. A considerable 
number of beds is allotted to patients seeking cure of the opium habit. The 
patients are classified according to means, though the comfort of their bedding, &c 
is nearly the same throughout, and sums ranging from one dollar (8«. id,) to ten 
dollars a month are charged for board. In the lower grades this has, of ooone, to 
be supplemented by private charity, and some patients are admitted grataitonaly. 
Towards the expenses of building, which exceeded the grant of 1,700/. referred to 
above, the high Mandarins of the province contributed some J^450 (upwards of 801.). 
Dr. Main, hitherto single-handed, besides the charge of this hospital, with two 
days a week for out-patients, and attendance on many private patients amongst the 
other missionary residents (chiefly American Presbyterians^ and the natives, has 
commenced the training of nine native Christian pupils, of whom the elder three 
already assist in the details of hospital work. Dr. Main will gladly receive help 
towards the free admission of poor in-patients. For this object, as well as for that 
of the steadily increasing girls* boarding school at Hangchow, contributions may be 
sent to the Re^. C. F. Powys, Dorchester, for * Bishop Moule's Fund,' specifying the 
object for which they are intended. q g MOULB, BUkop. 

Hangchow : Augnst SO, 1885. 


ZWm\ General Description.— This Diocese was founded in 1880, and 

'mHk consists of the six northern provinces of China, namely, Peohili, 

^^y Shantung, Shansi, Honan, Shensi, and Kansu, a district containing 

_jm0 "< jjl jLl * 398,433 square miles, or about seven times the area of England. 

The population is something between sixty and eighty millions, or 
possibly more — none can say. The character of the country is 
chiefly agricultural, and straw-plait is also prepared for foreign 

Church Work.~ There are 140 Chinese members of the Qmroh 
of England, and 83 communicants — 48 Chinese and 35 foreigners. 
--miU0^ There are 4 buildings used for worship, 2 mission stations, and 3 

out-stations. The Cleigy number 4, and there are also 2 native 
sub-deacons. In' 1884, 6 Chinese and 1 foreigrner were baptised; 8 Chinese and I 
foreigner were confirmed. There is a boarding school for Christian boys, a day 
school for heathen boys, and also a Sunday school—about 20 children are under 
instruction. There is a day school and a Sunday school, each containing 13 scholars. 
About 65L was raised in the Diocese last year. An English candidate for Holy 
Orders has been studying Chinese in the Diocese, and two more in England. 

Keeds. — A doctor to start hospital work at Peking, Chefoo, or in the interior, as 
may seem best; two priests for the mission work at Peking and in the neighbourhood ; 
two or more deaconesses, or other lady workers, to open schools for Christian girls in 
Peking, and^to work among Chinese women in town and country. 

C. P. Scott, BUhop, 

Faking : S«pt. 188tf. 

S>tOCC5C of i^f)Vi5lCf)UVC^. 245 


General Deseription. — This Diocese was founded in 1856, the 
Right Bev. Henry John Chittj Harper being consecrated first 
Bishop in that year ; in 1868 he was elected Primate of New Zea- 
land by the General Synod of the Province. Christchurch Cathedral 
was consecrated in 1881 ; it consists at present of nave, two aisles » 
tower and spire with ten bells, and a temporary apse. Transepts 
and a permanent chancel have yet to be added to complete the 
design. The Diocese forms part of the middle island of Kew Zea- 
land, and is bounded on the north by the river Homnui, from its 
mouth to its source ; thence by a straight line to the source of the 
Teremakau, thence following this river to its mouth ; towards the north-west by the 
ooAst-line, including the adjacent islands ; towards the south and west by the Awarua, 
and from its source by a line drawn to that of the Waitangi ; thence by the course 
of that river, and towards the south and east by the coast- line, including the adja- 
cent ialands and the Chatham Islands. The principal occupations are sheep-farm- 
ing, agriculture, the manufacture of woollen cloth, leather, boots and shoes, sheep- 
skin mats, rope and twine, pottery and bricks, iron founding, saw milling, and the 
coiigting trade. The population is 131,609, exclusive of 716 Maoris. 

Chvek Work. — The number of Church members as shown by the last census 
(March 1886) was 62,434. The communicants are returned as 4,184, but may fairly be 
estimated at about 5,000, the returns being incomplete. The baptisms in the year ending 
with Easter 1885 were : public, 1,691, private, 211 ; the confirmations 716, the ordina- 
tions 3. The Clergy of the Diocese are 62 (besides the Bishop), and there are 107 
licensed lay readers, holding services in different localities; one native Deacon, 
acting nnder the superintendence of an English Priest who speaks the language, 
ministers among the Maoris ; and 4 native lay readers are licensed to conduct ser- 
vices among their own people. The cathedral staff consists of a dean, 5 canons and 
1 minor canon, 6 lay clerks, and 16 boy choristers receiving free education, and in 
most cases free board also. A Diocesan Synod, consisting of the Bishop, the licensed 
Cleigy, and lay representatives from the electoral districts (at present 52), meets 
annually for the transaction of business, and a standing committee acts for the 
Synod, when the latter is not in session. There is also a • Church Work Society,' 
having for its object the maintenance of chaplains for reformatories, gaols, hospitals, 
asylums, and harbours, the promotion of religious education and foreign missions. 
The ' Cathedral Union ' (for men) aims at promoting the religious life of its mem- 
bers ; and the Churchmen's Club promotes friendly intercourse among Churchmen. 
A Girls' Friendly Society is also doing good work ; and recently a * St. Catherine's 
Home ' has been established in connection with it. 

SdaoaUon. — Christ's College, Christchurch, consists of an upper and a lower depart- 
ment. The principal of the former, which is also a training school in theology for 
candidates for Holy Orders, is the Rev. Canon Stanford, M.A., who resides near the 
ooU^e. The annual value of the endowments is 3,600^; exhibitions are given to 
the sons of Clergy, and other scholarships are obtainable by examination. There are 85 
Sunday schools, with about 7,600 scholars, and an average attendance of 4,800. Church 
day schools are for the most part impossible, in the face of a Government system 
of free education, but in four instances parochial schools have been carried on. The 
school conmiittees have power to admit or repel Clergymen, or other persons, who 
apply for leave to give religious instruction, and in many cases admission has been 
granted. In all other respects the system is secular only. The Diocesan Education 
Committee maintains a yearly examination in, and offers prizes for, religious know- 
ledge. In 1866, 166 candidates presented themselves, 55 of whom fulfilled the con- 
ditions requisite to gain a prize, and others received certificates signed by the Bishop. 
There is a Diocesan Book Depot for the sale of Church publications at low prices, 
especially of such books, &c., as are useful in parochial and Sunday-school work. 

Finance. — The following sums have been raised in the Diocese during the year 
ending March 31, 1886 :— For support of Clergy and Lay Helpers, 15,229/. ; for build- 
ing Churches, Mission-rooms, Schools, and Parsonages, 1,335/.; for education, 120/.; 
and for charitable work in general — such as hospitals, orphanages, &c. — 220/. But 

246 5>tocc5CS of ^^Ttslc^utc^ attb Columbia. 

these sums do not include what was locally raised for similar purposes, nor grants 
from the State. The Rhodes Endowment consists of 5,000/. given by the late Mr. 
Rhodes, for religious instruction and for providing ministration for inmates of prisons, 
asylums, refuges, &c. 

U. J. C. CuRisTCHtrBon. 

BUhop's Court, Cbrl4tcliureh : Sept 20, 1886. 



General Deicription.— This Diocese was founded in 1850; the 

Diocese of Caledonia was separated from it in 1879, and in the same 

3'ear the Diocese of New Westminster also was formed out of it. 

g^^m^^^ I^ i^ow comprises Vancouver Island and the adjacent islands, and 

^QQ[nBL has an area of 1G,000 square miles, being about 290 miles in 

gBBS^ESk l^i^^^^t by from 50 to 70 in breadth. It is bounded on the north 

/ ^^ ^ {^ by the Diocese of Caledonia, on the east by that of New West- 

I Pfl^ J minster, on the west b}' the Pacitic Ocean, and on the south by 

kJTSL^/ the Straits of Juan dc Fuca, which separate it from the Diocese of 

^^"^^ Washington Territory in the United States. Its position on the 

American continent is similar to that which England occupies in 

reference to Europe, having the same latitude, and much the same climate and 

seasons. Agriculture, coal mining, iron foundries, lumber mills, leather factories, 

shipbuilding, salmon and seal fisheries, employ most of the people. Tlie population, 

including all races, is about 27,000. 

Chareli Work. — In this Diocese is situated Victoria, the capital of British Colum- 
bia, two parishes of which are self-supporting, and a third has recently been formed. 
Nanaimo, the chief scat of coal mining, is also in the Diocese, and the Church there 
is now self-supporting. The statistics for 1885 are :— Clergj', 13; chnrchcs, 17; 
|)arishes and mission stations, 20 ; communicants, C91 ; baptisms, 139 ; persons 
confirmed, 77; amount raised in the Diocese for Church purposes, 3,014/. Tlie 
Mission to the Quoquolt Indians, at Alert Bay, is supported by the C.M.S., which 
has recently sent out a catechist to assist the missionary, and to take chaige of an 
adjoining station. Fort Rupert. Two of the Gospels have been translated into the 
native language. A Diocesan Synod was formed in 1876, and meets annually. 
Three churches have recently been consecrated, several additional mission stations 
are now supplied, and 2 new Sunday schcoLj 1 ave been opened during the past year. 

Education.— The College School for boys was under the charge of the Rev, C. H. 
Badgley, M.A. of Queen's College, Oxford, until Midsummer, 1885, when he resigned 
the Headmastership, which is at present vacant, Angela College for girls is also in 
connection with the Church of England. There are native schools at Alert Bay for 
girU and boys. 

Needi. — The completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway and of the Island Rail- 
way, between Victoria and Nanaimo, have attmcted, and are still attracting, many 
immigrants. Besides the increasing number of emigrant settlers, there are many 
Indians and Chinese for whom no spiritual provision is made. Without aid from the 
mother Church the existing Mission work cannot be sustained, still less can new work 
be undertaken. Aid is needed for the support of thirteen missionary Clergy. In con- 
sequence of all assistance from the S.P.G. having been withdrawn, a lay committee of 
leading CTiurchmen reported the nece.««ity of retiring from several important missions. 
To avoid so painful a calamity, the Bishop has for the present personally guaranteed 
the payment of a certain sum to enable the Mission Board to meet the reduced sti- 
pends, hoping for generous help of friends in England. Six churches are needed. 
The College School buildings were recently destroyed by fire, and it is proposetl to 
erect, in or near Victoria, new buildings for school and college, which shall be avail- 
able, not only for the whole of British Columbia, but for part of the North-Wost 
Territory east of the Rocky Mountains, the climate of Victoria being mild and salu- 
brious at all seasons. For this important work the aid of the venerable Society for 
Promoting Christian Knowledge is hoped for. 

G. Columbia. 

Bishopsclose, Victoria, British Columbia : Sept. 10, 1886. 

^toceses of Colombo anb ^unebitt. 247 


a^ General Deicription.—This Diocese was founded in 1845, and com- 

^B prises the Island of Ceylon, with a population of about 2,500,000. 

^^^^^ Churoli Work. — Tlic adult members of the Church (i.e. those 

^■■■■■S^ over 15) were computed by an unofficial census, taken in 1882, to 

JjBBSIOfk ^ 15,000, but probably this is a little under the number. There 

•I A ^ are 53 Priests and 12 Deacons in the Diocese ; 25 licensed Catcchists 

/ TT I and 35 Lay Headers (besides a great many unlicensefl) ; 36 conse- 

V ^y J crated churches, and 63 other churches and chajx-ls, and rather 

^***^P^ more than 200 church and missionar}" schools. 

Finance. — The Colonial Government contributed in the year 1885 
abont 5,000/., the S P.G. 1,650/., and the C.M.S. about 8,080/. The local contributions 
were, in round numbers, 580/. for the Diocesan Fund, 410/. for the S.P.G., and 2,000/. 
for the C.M.S. ; and other offertories and contributions in S.P.(J. and Diocesan 
])arishcs, for parochial puri)Oses, for church building'. Clergy's stijxjnds, &c., pro<luce<l 
about 3,000/. 

The contributions of Government have now (July 1880) ceased, except in regard 
to the stipends of the Bishop and Clergy appointed before July 1881, and no new 
appointments are henceforth to be made. During the five years 1881-1886 there 
have been raised (including contributions from societies and persons in England) 
for the Bishopric Endowment about 5,500/. ; for local endowments alx)ut 3,000/. 

R. S. Colombo, 

Julys, 1886. 


Mm General Deicription.— This See was founded in 1868 by an Act 

^1^ of the General Synod, by which it was cut off from that of ( ■hrist- 

' Uy . church ; but, in accordance with a clause in the statute, the Bishop 

.•^^Wl^^*» of Christchurch continuerl to exercise episcopal authority in the 

Diocese until the present Bishop was appointed in 1871. The 
Diocese comprises the soutliern jx)rtion of the middle island of New 
Zealand, together with Stewart's Island (sometimes called the 
South Island), and is conterminous v/ith the provincial district of 
Otago. It is surrounded by water on all sides except the north, and 
its area is little less than that of Ireland. The population at the 
last census was lil),154, of whom 30,714, or 26 per cent., recorded 
themselves as members of the Church of England. There are 800 
Maofis, and perhaps as many Chinese. The country people are small settlers, on the 
defcrre<l pajnnent system, and verj-poor; local industries have not yet been esta- 
blished, except one or two cloth factories. Immigration is now very small, (Govern- 
ment aid having been withdrawn. 

Chnrch Work. — The Clergy (including the Bishop) number 22, and there are 44 
charches, including 2 for the native race, besides some unconsecrated buildings. 
More .systematic armngements arc now made for the conduct of .ser\'ices for the 
Maoris, a gentleman who was ordained deacon during the year giving himself 
specially to the work. 

Heeds. — Tliere is as yet neither See House nor Cathedral. The Bishop has raised 
about 2.000/. towards the support of missionary Clergy, and the same amount 
towards the foundation of a theological tutorship, which is greatly needed. No 
endowment, either in money or land, was given at the foundation of the See, even 
church sites having to be purcha.scd in open market. Tlie Bishop would gratefully 
acknowledge help tow}u*ds the General Clergy Maintenance Fund, or the Theological 
Tutorship Endowment Fund. The maintenance of the Clergy, which has to be 
drawn year by year entirely from the people, has been most (lithcidt of late years, 
owing to the severe commercial depression, and their sutTerings have been great. 
S<:)me have had to resign their posts, leaving large and populated areas without the 
ministrations of our Church, and several others arc holding on painfully, receiving a 
few pounds at a time. Very great liberality has, however, been shown by the very 
few who have money, in reducing the debts contracted on churches in more prosperoui 


.*<«*ptenilK»r 188C. 

248 l)toccdc of ^vebeticlon. 




General Detcription. — This Diocese was founded in 1815, before 
which time it formed part of the Diocese of Nova Scotia. It com- 
prises the whole of the civil province of New Brunswick, and is 
bounded on the North by the Province of Quebec, on the Bast by 
the Gulf of St. Tiawrence, on the South by the Bay of Fundy, and 
on the West by the State of Maine^ (U.S.). A narrow isthmus, 
about 15 miles across in its narrowest part, joins it on the south- 
east to the province of Xova Scotia. The area is 27,174 square mlleff, 
and the population, according to the census of 1881, was 321,228. 
Hitherto the chief trade has been in timber, but now the besi 
trees have been cut down, and more attention is turned to farming operatkmft. 
Thjre is very line land for farming jmrposes, a large proportion of which is still un- 
occupied. The tisheries are very valuable, and large numbers of salmon are froaen 
down for the Boston and New York markets ; game is plentiful in the winter, and is 
disposed of in the same wiiy. Coal exists, but it is near the surface, and not of good 
quality ; minerals abound, and good stone is plentiful, especially granite, a beautiful 
pink variety of which is in great repute. Manufactories are now springing up, and 
there are five cotton mills, beside shoe factories and other indostries. 

Immigration. — The position of New Brunswick is not favourable to immigration. 
The stream of immign^nts from Europe divides into two main portions, passing 
respectively north and south of the province. The great river St. Lawrence, with 
the wealthy and populous towns on its banks, and the great chain of Canadian 
lakes, with the rich North-west prairie lands, attract emigrants on the North, while 
the pushing industries and untiring enterprise of the United States draw off otliers 
to the South, so that the really valuable lands in New Brunswick have been too much 
overlooked. The excitement caused by the reports from Manitoba has caused a 
temporary exodus from this province, though in some cases emigrants have returned 
poorer than when they wont. 

Church Work.— In the religious census of 1881,46,768 persons registered them- 
selves as members of the Church ; in 1S85 there were 5,50i communicants, and 820 
persons were confirmed. There are G.3 Clergy engaged in parochial and mission work ; 
four have retired from active work, and two occupy official posts, one ns chaplain txi 
the Penitentiary, and one as warden of an Orphanage. There are 147 consecrat<Kl 
churches, or chapels of ease, and 08 mission stations. 

Finance. —No grants are made by the State. The amount raised for Church 
work generally is l,231i/., not including what is raised for Church building and 
repair, and onlinary expenses. The laity contribute 2,ii80/. towards the salaries of 
the Clergy, and the Diocesan Church Society 8,3.33/., in addition to which there are 
19 self-supporting parishes. There is an invested sum of 22,797/., consisting of 
various gifts and legacies, and annual s'»b.scriptions and collections produce l,42.H/. 
for the Dioce-an Church Society, 3,51)3/. tor tlie Widows' and Orphans' Fund, 304"»/. 
for the education of sons of the Clergy. A strong eifort is being made to form an 
endowment for Divinity Scholarships, and for this purpose two funds have l)eon 
started, one to increase the endowment provided by the Church Society, and another, 
called the Medley Scholarship Fund, as a memorial to the Bishop. The superannua- 
tion fund has been largely increased lately, and now amounts to 1,710/. 

Education. — At present unsectarian education is provided by the Government 
for all who will receive it. A Society was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1819 
for maintaining elementary Church Schools on the • Madras system,' introduced by 
Dr. Bell. Its funds are not large, though they have been somewhat increased by 
legacies and donations ; but there are three good schools in connection with this 
corporation, and one or two more maintain a precarious existence. This is the only 
attempt at Church Day Schools. In 1882 there were about 90 Sunday Schools, with 
about 6,000 children on the registers. The Missionaries have to travel such great 
distances on Sundays, and the GhuTch people are so scattered, that Sunday Schools 
are a grave difficulty in the country districts. 

Veedi. — There is great need of Church Schools for boj s and girls ; if such a school 
were founded (especially for girls) it would meet a great want, and we hope it 

l^tocese of (^raffon anb |lrmi5ale. 249 

would snooeeed. There ia also pressing need of one or two travelling Missionaries to 
visit outlying settlements. 

J. Fbedebicton. 

BiAoiMrotc, Fxcderictoo, New Bnuibwick, June IG, 1S66. 


J* General Beieription. — This Diocese is bounded on the north by 

^B^ Qnecnsland, on the east by the sea, on the west by the Diocese of 

fBP Bathnrst and by Queensland, and on the south by the Liverpool 

^a^JBB^^ range. The popnlation in 1 87 1 was about 53,000, and is now probably 

not less than 75,000, but owing to the destruction of the Census 
papers of 1881 by a lire in Sydney, these figures are only con- 
jectural, and the proportion of Church members given below would 
have to be much increased. 

Grafton is on the Clarence River, and is fifty miles from the 
sea by water, but less than twenty-four in a direct line, and is the 
centre of a large and increasing population. Its growth has been 
rapid* like that of most Australian towns, its situation on the banks of a mag^nificent 
river having materially aided its advancement. Sugar-growing has of late years 
studded bo& banks of the Clarence with comfortable homesteads, while farther back 
are the aqoatten' 'runs,' stocked with cattle, for which there is a market at the meat- 
preaerving works at Ramomie, about nine miles from Grafton. Cattle are also 
shipped to Sydney, where from their superior quality they realise very high prices. 
The oUmate is decidedly hot, and rather moist, the winter being ver^' enjoyable; 
frosts do oocnr, but are not usually severe ; snow seems never to have fallen. 

The first traces of Church work on the Clarence seem to date from about 1843, 
when it belonged to the Diocese of Sydney. A few years later the district became 
part of the newly formed Diocese of Newcastle, and in 18G5 it was erected, with 
Armidale, into a separate See. A new cathedral church was opened with much 
rejoicing and manifestation of the interest felt by the community, on July 25, 1884, 
the Most Rev. the Primate being present. There is a debt of about 2,000/. on the 
boilding, on which there is yet moch to be done, both inside and outside, and it lias 
also to be extended to the full size of the original design. 

Amidale. — ^This town, the capital of New England, is very prettily situated, 
stretching up the hills on either side of a creek. The climate is indicated by the 
name of the table-land of which the town is the centre — New England. The summer 
is warm, but sufiSciently cool to attract those who live in the lower country, as the 
summer nights are always pleasantly cool : all English fruit will grow and bear 
abondantly, but some plants, owing to the warmth of the winter days compare<l with 
the cold of the nights, will not stand out of doors. The winter nights are cold, and 
few seasons pass without a goo<l fall of snow. 

New England was formerly part of tlie Diocese of Sydney, but in 1847 was included 
in Newcastle, and in 1865 became, with Grafton, a separate See. The Church school 
(now St. Peter's Guild Hall), where services were held at long intervals, was among 
the very earliest productions of architecture at Armidale. The present cathedral 
church, a substantial, seemly, and suitable building of brick, on granite foundations, 
was erected in 1875 at a cost of 8,<XX)/. It is now clear of debt, and a tower and 
other improvements are in contemplation. The Bishop resides in a house of his own 
at Armidale. 

Church Work. — The number of Church members in the whole Diocese averages 
about 49 per cent, of the i:x)pulation ; in 1871 it was 26,000, of whom probably one- 
tenth were communicants. There are 23 Clergy, and as many parishes. The Diocese 
is divided into two Archdeaconries— Grafton, under the V'en. C C. Greenway ; and 
Armidale, under the Ven. Jas. Ross. The liishop resides part of the year at Grafton, 
and part at Armidale. Each parish elects a Parochml Church Council, and each out- 
lying congregation a District Committee. The machinery for Church work by the 
laity is of a complete character, and jjives ground for hope of satisfactory results. A 
Clergy Widows' Fund has been established, and the Board of Administration makes a 
yearly report, which is presented at each session of the Synod. 

Training of Clergy. —There is no Training College, but young men of promise are 

250 "piocciic of ^vaf^am&iown. 

plnced with the Clerg? in tbe larger towoa, and trained for porocliia] worlr, and in 
most casca thcj ultimatclj coma n|> for ordination. Tbc funds for this work are 

collected iD the parL^h wliero thu cuicchist Inbonre. 

■Md(, — More men are sorcty wanted who nro prepared to forego for a time tlie 
luxurious pans of life. j_^„^ j. tl-bseb, ItUlwj, < (ir^/tm n»d ArmlM.. 

D«nBTalDeiOTi|tloii~-Thi9 Diocese wiufoanded in 1B63, when 

lii^-hop Ciray'soriRinBl Diocese (which embraced nearly the whole 
cif the present Province of South Africa with its eight DioccMS) 
was first nubdivided, and Dr. Armstroni; was consecrated first 
Itishop oE GrahamBlown. The present Itishop, Dr. Webb (the 
fourth ill succession), was consecrated llishop of Blocmlontein 
in 1870, nnd tranxl.iled to Gmhanistowu iu 1M83. 

Tlic Diocese cousiwls of the KiLctcni Dialricts of the Cape 
Colony. For other details the YkAB-IIook for I8S6 may be 
consulted. The Clergy now nnmbcr 6J, of whom GO are Priests, 
nnd two of them arc natives who were onhiined lo the Friesthood 
in AngiiKt, ISSri, after having served in the Diaconatc for sic 
students <it theology under the superintendence of Chancellor 
The standard of qualification for the Priesthood was not' lowered in any wnr 
their case. 

Loosl Erentt.— During the past year on arrangement has lieen linptuly concluded 
by which a grievous schism lia^ been healed, and the old Cnthcdial ChnToh restored 
to its Diocesan position, Kt. Oeor^e'a Churcii was built previously to the extension 
of the Episcopate to Soath Africa, and, litte other Churches of that day, similarly 
situated, a Government ordinance was fratoed providing for the control and manage- 
ment o[ the bailding, as the Parish Church of Grahamstown, by (he 'officiating 
minister ' for the time being, nnd a select Vestry. Subsequently, on the appointment 
of the first llishop of Oraluunstnwn, Kt. George's Church was assigneil under Letters 
nLtant as his Cathedral, and at the snmctimc by an Act of thcLe^slaturetiie Bishop 
was constituted trustee of tbe properly. The Letters Patent Laving been afterwanls 
BfHrmed to l>e «lfra riret, the ijouth African ChuTob was compelled to organise itself, 
OS an integral portion of the Anglican Communion, under its own Canons nnd Con- 
Rtitution. Thus, when Bishop Mcrrimun felt it to be his duty to bring Dr. Williams, 
who was Dean and Colonial Chaplain ns welt as Incumbent, nnder ecelesisstical 
discipline, the qncstion was raised as to the legal right of the Bishop to eject the 
ofliciating minister by virtno of the Canons of the Provincial Synod, and to claim 
possession of the building. The Privy Council, conlirmingajudgment of the Supreme 
Court of the Colony, refused tlie Bishop's claim of ejectment and possession mainly 
on the ground that a clause in the Constitution— the 3nl I'toviso— involved discon- 
nection from the Church of England, llishop tlerriman tlien abandoned St. Georgc'.'i 
Cliurch, nud adopted as his pro-Cnthedral .1 churcii which was also controlled by a 
special an<l peculiar trust. After his dcatli, at the last. Provincial Synod a resolution 
was pBKsed authorising tlio Bishoi« to administer Church of England property in 
accordance with the trust-deeds. Bishop Webb was etccte<1 Itiiihop of Grahamstown, 
St. George's Vestry expressing concurrence in the election, and finally in August last 
year Dr, Williams also died. A real desire for peace and reunion was then mani- 
fested on all siilcs ; negotiations were openeil which resulted in the Vestry assenting 
to the Bishop becoming, for legal puipcscs, 'ofBciating minister' in terms ot tlie 
ordinance as well as Ordinary and Trustee, and thus obtaining such control ns wouM 
provide for exercise of discipline, and the due status of the Cathedral Chapter and 
Clergy, Tlic Bishop, on his part, undertook to govern tlic Cathedral as required by 
the Trust under sanction of the special rcsolnlion of the Provincial 8ynod, and 
further to propose such a substitute for the Proviso ns might remove the difficulties 
which prevent the recognition oE the Church ot the Province as in connection with 
the mother Church, and would, at the same time, conserve the lital and fundamental 
principles of spiritual Independence in matters ot faith and doctrine. The Bishop 
has been advised by high l^al authority that the clause which he is prepared to 
■nbmit to the Provincial Synod, in place of the Proviso, ini-olvcs no sacrilice of such 

^toccdcs of i^vaf^amstown anb (^uimta. 251 

principles. It is hoped that at least some barrier in the way of lec^islation in the 
Colony, as recommended by the Archbishop of Canterbury, may be removed. The 
operation of the agreement has been so far eminently satisfactor>', and the union of 
Churchmen and Diocesan Clergy as well as the function of a Cathedral Church were 
remarkably exhibited at the ordination of five Priests on Trinity Sunday, and at the 
recent successful Festival of Choirs. The Church possesses a noble tower and peal of 
eight bells, but the nave and choir are exceedingly mean and dilapidated. A sum 
of 15,0002. will be needed to rebuild these jwrtions in accordance with the designs of 
the late Sir Gilbert Scott, the architect of the tower. It is proposed to collect funds 
first of all for the sanctuary and choir, which might probably be well built for 5,000/. 
The Diocese is now too poor io secure such a sum without external help. 

Veedi. — 1. Cathedral choir and nave. 2. Clergy Snstentation Fund. During the 
last year Colonial Chaplaincy Grants to the extent of 500/. a year have lapsed. In 
many districts it is a matter of extreme difliculty to maintain the ministry of the 
Church. 3. An Education Fund : — (a) for theological studentships ; (b) St. Andrew's 
College, and Diocesan Girls' School (Building Fund). 4. Foundation of two Mission- 
ary Canonries. Allan B. Gbahamstowk. 

SeptcmlKir 26, 1886. 


General Deioription. — Guiana was once part of the Diocese of 
Barbados, but was erected into a separate See in 1842, when the pre- 
sent Bishop (then Archdeacon), Dr. William Piercy Austin, was con- 
secrated. British Guiana is the part of Guiana (or the * Wild Coast ') 
which lies between Venezuela and the river Corentyn ; its sea-coast 
is about 280 miles long, and it stretches inland for a distance varying 
'■^^Jj^^^ from 300 to 450 miles. The origin of the Colony is supposed to have 
Hjj^^H^ been a settlement eiTected by some Hollanders, on the Pomeroon 
\^^^H^/ and Essequilx) rivers, in 1580, which, after various vicissitudes, 
^**^r^ finally became British territory in 1706. It contains an area of 
about 76,000 square miles, and is divided into three counties - 
Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice. The population in 1884 was 2.')2,186 (of whom 
about 8,000 are aborigines), having increased by nearly 60,000 in the last ten years. 
The immigrants in 1885 were 6,565, coming from the West India Islands and the 
East Indies. The people are, as a rule, quiet and law-abi<ling, especially those bom 
in the colony. They are chiefly employed in agriculture, the staple products being 
sugar, rum, molasses, coffee, cocoa, and timber. 

Churoh Work. — There are 82 parishes, districts, chapelries. and missionarj- stations, 
and 40 Clergj' in all, with the Bishop, besides about 70 catwhists and schoolmasters. 
According to the latest returns the communicants number 17,060, the baptisms were 
2,919, the confirmations 1,337, and there were 6 onlinations— 4 Deacons and 2 Priests. 
The marriages were 361>, and the burials l,oOo, The day-schools, some 70 in number, 
connected with the Church, parochial and missionary, contained 7,358 scholars. 
There is a training college at Bel Air, for the education of Coolie catechists, in charge of 
the Rev. E. Sloman, M.A. Oxon., late Curate of St. John of Jenisalem, Hackney, London. 
Finance. — In the year 1885 the Colonial Government contributed about 12,400/. 
towarils the salaries of the Clergy, Cliaplains, and Missionaries, and over 5,000/. 
towards the primary education of the Englisli Cliurch poor, and the Imperial Govern- 
ment paid the Bishop's stipend of 2,000/.; the S.P.G. gave a grant of 770/., and the 
Christian Faith Society 200/. ; in addition to this, the Church raised in the Colony, 
in various ways, about 12,400/. 

Keedi. — (1) The evangelisation of many thousands of heathen and unbelievers, 
who have come here from China and In<lia, and arc locatcjd chiutly in the country 
parishes. (2) A larger staff of Clergy for an English-speaking people, as well as 
for the aboriginal and classes. Tlie Bishop has already put out an appeal 
to the proprietary body for aid in increasing the present inadequate staff of Clergy. 
\s but few of the owners of estates reside in the Diocese, there is the greater need 
of their monetary help. (3) A more liberal outpouring of alms and prayers from the 
residents here, and also from the proprietors, most of whom live in the mother 
country'. (4) More lay help in Church work. (0) The erection of a proper cathedral 
church; plans arc already in hand, designs having been prepared by the architect, 

252 S^ioceses of i&onolulu anb ^uvon. 

Mr. Blomfield, and now that he has samples (by borings) of the soil upon which the 
church is to be built, steps will soon, it is hoped, be taken to b^^ this gieat work. 
KiutTiton Uouse, Demerara, B. Guiana : October 1886. W. P. GUIAKA. 


^ General Desoriptioii. — This See was founded in 1862 daring the- 

^^ reign of Kamehameha IV., whose love for the Anglican Church was 

^^B shown by his translation of the Prayer Book into the Hawaiian 

"TiJ^fcui language. The Diocese embraces the Hawaiian, or Sandwich, Is- 

lands, which form an independent kingdom, of which Kalakava, 
who is now on the throne, is the seventh king. They are situated 
in the North Pacific, and contain an area of 6,000 square miles. The 
population, according to the ccdsus of 1884, was 80,500, consisting 
of 40,000 natives, 4,000 half-castes, 18,000 Chinese, and 9,800 Portu- 
guese, the balance being British, Americans, Germans, Norw^ians, 
French, and Japanese. There has of late years been a rapid develop- 
ment of the resources of these islands. The cultivation of the sugar-cane and the 
manufacture of sugar are the leading industries, lice cultivation being next in im- 
portance ; wool, coffee, hides, fungus, and bananas are also exported. The number 
of sugar plantations has risen in the last ten years from thirty to eighty. The native 
race, which had been steadily declining, has of late years shown some signs of 
recovery, as the laws of health became better understood and more care was tsJcen 
of children ; but there is little hope of this recovery being realised, at the rate at 
which ardent spirits (the sale of which to natives was previously illegal) are being 
CDUSumed under the licensing laws of 1884. The removal (in October, 1886) of the 
taku on the importation of opium, to be legally told to Chinete only^ will, it is feared, 
hasten the decline of the race. Considerable light has been thrown on the history 
of the people in Fomander*s * Polynesian Kace,' published by Triibner. 

Chnroh Work. — The staff consists of 5 Priests, 1 Deacon, 3 candidates for Holy 
Orders shortly to be ordained, and 1 Chinese lay reader. Work which has been in 
abeyance is just being resumed. Including Honolulu, there are six mission stations, 
representing ten congregations. The number of communicants remains at about 300. 
In 1885 one Deacon was ordaiced, and between July 1884 and July 1886 forty 
persons received Confirmation. 

Education. — There are two flourishing schools (boarding and day) in Honolulu — 
one for girls, under the Devonport Sifters; the other for boys, under the Bishop. 
Inhere is a second boarding-school for girls in the Parsonage at Kona Hawaii. 

Finance. — The amount raised during 1885 for the support of Clergy and Lay 
Helpers was 747/. Two of the Clergy derive most of their income from Government 
appointments as schoolmasters. The balance is derived from the S.P.G. and 
subscriptions raised in England. 

Heeds. — 1. Subscriptions towards the Cathedral Building Fund. The choir is 
now finished, and the stone for two bays of the nave is on the g^und, but the work 
is at a standstill for lack of funds. 2. Increased support of the Mission fund, 
especially with a view to enable us to carry on a mission among the Japanese immi- 
grants, of whom a few are already under instruction for Holy Baptism. 3. Sisters 
both for nursing and educational work. Alpbbd Honolulu. 

Honololn: Oct 23, 1886. 


M OeneralDeicription.— This Diocese was founded in 1858. It is 

Bkk bounded on the north by Lake Huron, on the south by Lake Erie, 

Wj¥ on the east by the Diocese of Niagara, and on the west by Lake St. 

^^^^9^^ Clair. It extends over an area of 12,000 square miles, and has a 

population of more than 800,000. 

The people in the Diocese are industrious in the general pursuit 
of business, in trade and in farming, all doing well, but there are 
very few wealthy people. 

Church Work.— The number of Church members is about 1 20,000 ; 
of communicants (in 1882) 8.910; of Clergy, 133; of parishes, 103. 
Ninety-one localities have been supplied with the ministrations of the Church. 
There arc 207 churches and 65 parsonages. 

dioceses of ^uvon anb Jamaica. 253 

BdneatioiL — There are 166 Sunday schools in the Diocese, and nearly 15,000 
Sunday scholars. There are no day schools attached to parishes, but there are in 
the Diocese the following educational institutions : — the Hellmuth Ladies* College, 
at which about 120 attend; the Huron Theological College, affiliated with the 
Western University; the Medical Faculty, also affiliated with the Western Uni- 
versity. All these are under Church auspices. 

PinaBM. — The voluntary Diocesan income for mission work amounted in 1882, to 
3,24 IZ. 16f. 7\d. ; and the invested capital to 139,941/. 8«. od. ; the value of parson- 
ages (in 1882) was 27,604Z. 3s. id. ; and of churches, 137,663/. 6$. Sd. 

Preating Heedi. — There are no pressing needs. The people are able and willing 
to anpply the ordinary wants of the Church. 

M. S. Huron. 

London, Ontario : October 5, 1886. 


General Description.— In the year 1824, Jamaica, the Bahamas, 
and the settlements in the Bay of Honduras were created a Bishop's 
See, but the Bahamas have since been made a separate Diocese, and 
the Diocese now consists of the island of Jamaica, which is ] 44 miles 
long by 49 broad, and contains 4,193 square miles. The census of 
1881 showed a population of 680,804, of whom 14,432 were whites, 
109,946 coloured, 444.186 black, 11,016 coolies, and 99 Chinese. The 
chief occupation of the labouring classes is agriculture— they work 
on sugar estates, coffee plantations, and cattle-breeding pens, or 
farms. Many of them arc small settlers, cultivating their own lands, 
in which they grow chiefly ground provisions, fruit, coffee, and sugar. 
There is a regular immigration of East Indian coolies, who are brought to Jamaica 
(under airangements sanctioned and controIlc<l by Government) to serve on the sugar 
estates and coffee plantations for a term of years, at a fixed rate of payment. Since 
1870 the average number that has landed each year lias been 920, of whom about 
one- third return to India when their period of service expires. 

Chnroh Work. — Of those who filled in the return relating to religions denomina- 
tions in the census of 1881, 116,224 belonged to the Church of England, and about 
190,000 to all other denominations. On the Diocesan lists for 1886 there are 30,962 
reg^tered members, of whom about 28,000 are communicants. These figures, how- 
ever, give a very imperfect idea of the range of the Church's work and influence, as 
there is a large number of persons who attend the services of the Church with greater 
or less regularity, though they have not registered themselves as members under the 
Canon Law of the Disestablished Church. The number of consecrated churches is 
97; in addition to which there are 44 school chapels, in which Divine service is 
regularly held by Clergymen and catechists. Of these, 37 are mission stations, in 
connection with the Jamaica Church Home and Foreign Missionary Society. There 
are 83 Clergy on the active list, 40 licensed catechists, and 60 probationers. The 
baptisms in 1886 were 7,317, the confirmations 4,603, and the ordinations 9—6 Priests 
and 4 Deacons. 

Zdueation. — The Church has 230 primary schools under Government inspection, 
with about 18,000 scholars. The Government grant earned by these schools was 
4,883/., or about one-third of the whole amount earned by denominational schools. 
The last complete return showed 1 38 Sunday schools (including those kept at out- 
stations), and 20,176 scholars. The Church of England and Collegiate School at 
Kingston has a good staff of masters, and an attendtmcc of about 1 80 boys. 

Finance.— The total voluntary contributions in 188.") (including special efforts 
towards completing the Episcopal Stipend Fund) wore 20,891/. from churches, and 
1,030Z. from mission stations. The Colonial and Continental Church Society aids in 
sustaining Clergy in five parishes, at a cost of 266/., and the S.P.C.K. gives frequent 
and liberal aid towards church and school buildings. The Christian Faith Society 
gives about 460/., and the Taylor Trust and the Indies* Association assist school and 
other work to the extent of about 240/. a year. The work of restoring the numerous 
churches and schools destroyed by the hurricane of 1880 has been completed. 

Heeds. — The following are among the pressing needs of the Diocese at the present 
time : (1) Assistance for the General Sustentation Fund, to aid in maintenance of the 

254 ^^ioccscs of gomotca anb ^apan. 

Clerpy in poor imrialitn. ('J) Complotkm of Episci)i>al Kmlownipnt PnnJ. Tliis fuiiil 
uonsUts vl 9,700;. ; it iiir:rpa*.-,l lo l:;,00()/. tlie cluiruhrs woulil be relieiwl from tlic 
annual dmrun rii[iiii'eil tu make up llic liisliop'sstiprml nf MOI. (3) Aregulnrannual 
Hilpplv of tlirce or four nii'D from En^'Iand, fully quiili(i<'<l for I he work of tlic ministry. 
(4) Aid towards Ihc supp<>rt of iho UiocraaQ Thcoli^cal CoKeire. 

BritUh HondDTM. — ISincc the iliscntablinhmcnt of the Church in Jamaica and 
Itrilish Honduras, there liiid lieen no definite settlement of tho relations between tlio 
Churches in the two countries until last year. Durinf; n part of this time a retired 
Bishop of Jamaica cxercisiil episcopal aulhodly over British llundiira!>, but that 
arrangement hiu now cea.-w-d, and thf pnucnt Bishop of Jninaica iwis been asked to 
give the needful BuprniKton. In Fcbruar; 1SS3 he visited Honduras ; secured the 
passing of a Inn b; (he Colonial Legislature removing hindrances to Diocesan oigoni- 
sation caused by defective discHtiiblishment laws ;'and I hen held a Synod for isBsing 
canons and complctinj; tijc ecclesiastical oiganlsation. Since then formal action 
lins been taken, undiT tlic anthonly of the Archbishop at (Canterbury anil the Bishop 
of I/indon, and with the concurrence of tho Provincial Synod of the West Indies 
and of (ho Diocesan Synod of Jamaica, which has given ecdcsiaslical validity nnd 
oomplclciiesa to this Diocesan or^niiialion. For tlic present tlic Diocese will lemaiB 
under tlic juri»Iic(ion of the Bishop of Jamaica. 

The following parliculan respecting British Honduras arc available at present ; 
The area of tho cohmy is 7,5G2 squaro niilos. mid the jiopiilation in 1S81 was 37,452. 
Il Is about 700 miles due west of Jamaira, on the east coast of Central America. 

Tliero are three resident Clergy in Honduras, but more ore needed. There 
is a mission station, with a catecliist, at Toledo, a settlement in tho soutbcm dis- 
trict. The eoutribuliuns of the people for Church purposes amount to about 6001. 

' Colon aadFanama.— A great numl>er of Jamaica labourers (probably about ]»,000} 
have iDigratctl to work at the construction of the Panama Canal. The BUhop felt it 
necessary to draw attention to their splritiuil needs, and apficaleii to Knglish Church 
Iieople through (lie Archliistiop of Cunlcrlmry on their behalf. Tlie South Anierionu 
MisMonary Society have sent out the llev. D. \V. Bliind. and the S.P.G. ami S.l'.C.K. 
Iiave placed funds at the disposal of the Bii-hoj) of Jamaica, which, with tho locul 
contribntfons of the people, liiive jiniviiled for the maintenance of one missionary 
Clergyman (Rev. S. Kerr) and one cntecliist (Jlr. It. Walker) on the Istiimus. They 
conduct numerouB services, which arc well atlendeil, and the mission seotiis to hv 
prosperous in every whv. Men ami money arc much ncedeil for this important work, 
Klugtton.JaiuiiL-u: Jmic St. IMC. E. JAMAICA. 


Oensral DcMriptlon. — Tliis Diocese was formed in 1883, l«>fom 
which time the Clergy were subjei't lo the Bishop of Victoria, llnn^ 
Konn- ll comprises the wliok- of Japan, with the exception of 
such phices as, by arrangement, may he siil)iect to the JorMictinii 
of tiio Bishop of the American Episcopal CThorch. At present 
foreigners arc compelled by Japanese law lo reside in the seven 
treaty ports, sir of which arc occupied by Clergy of the Chan-h of 
Knglaiid. Tlio fopnlation of the Empire is estimated at 37,OOi),i)(K). 
The principal religion is a strangely distort c<l Buddhism, which has, 
however, greatly lost its influence over the educated classes. 

CLareb Worlt— The American Church entered the Held as 
early as IS30, the jircsent Ilishop havliii; lu-en the first of i(s 
missionaries. Of our own Church, the (C.M.S. began to work 
in 1869, and the S.P.G. in 1873. There are now 16 English Cler^'v. 1 native Deacon, 
8 English lady workers, lo eatechists. and about 1,000 Imptiied Christians. The 
contributions from native source*, exclnsii'e of si'huol fees, nmonnt to over 12o/. ■ 
those from tiie English conjrre;;ations to about 6-W. 

Edneatioii.— There is one theological school, ei(.'hl primary, and two girls' schools 
connected with the Mission, but ail arc ut present on a sniill scale for luck of 
labouTen and meam. 

pioc«&cs of JLaiforc an6 ^Tacfecrtgic ^iwer. 255 

Sf«eial VMd*.- Tliu Ui>»i<jn sUiiuiiH iiru for (liu'inoiit purl iimlEr-mnDued. In 
several [daces boaiiliug scliools arc needed both fur hayn and girlx. Tlicrc in nn 
increasuig denutnd for female cdncation. tbc work of eameitl, perHevering, cultivated 
ladiea. Ko more hopefol field for ivomen could be found in tlic East. 

A plan has been formed for starting a University Mission to tlic educated class, 
aboat irhicli the Bisbop's ConimissaiiGa ivill afford infoimation, 
A. C. Skaw, 

Tokjo, Jbpm ; Bspt. Jl, 1§M. Kor E, BlCKEBSTBTH, Jfiao]i. 

Ominral Daiciiption.— Tbis Diocese was separated from tbat uf 
Calenttain 1879, a sum of 21.000/. haviiiB been raised in India 
and England for tbc purpoae of founiUng the See as a memorial lu 
Bishop Milman. It inclndos the Punjab, and the province of Slndli, 
toruierly atlauhed to tbe Diocese of Bombaj. 

ChiiToh Work.— Tbc number of Cle^y is 60, of whom 27 arc 
Government chaplains, and 11 are engaged in pastoral or cdui atioaal 
work among Earopoaasnnd Eurasians; of themiaaionaryClfrgy, 35 
are in connection with the C.M.S., and 11 with the H.P.G. tr the 
Cambridge UniverEdty SliBsion. fhere arc 13 native Clergj'. Tbe 
Caihednil, which is being built from the designs of Mr. J, Oldrid 
Scott, at a cost of nearly 30,0007., will prolmbly be consecrated in 
seof 1887. 

EdueatloiL.— There are military asylums at Sanawar ard Murree for the children 
and orphans of soldiers, each of which has a Principal in Holy OnliTS, and at Simla 
there is an orphanage for girls. The I'anawar osrlum contains over 500 children, 
that at Uoiree about 170, of both aeioa. There are free schools for boys and girls 
at Lahore, and also High Schools, which are visitwl regularly by the Chaplain. At 
Itawal Kndeo tliere b a lery promising larocliial school for boys and girls, diiefly 
under tbe direction of the Chaplain. The Hij-h School at Karachcc ia at present 
uader excellent management, and under the pastoral direction of the Chaplain ; it is 
attended by about 100 children of the middle classes. Diocesan schools for higher 
e<lucation are Bialiop Cotton School at Simla, with IiM) boys, and Aucklnnil llousc 
Kihoo! for girL", with SO pupils; also St. Deny*' School at Murree, conducted by 
si.-'ters from Warminster, In the Diocese of Salisbury'. In the miision rcIkxiIs of the 
S P.G. 1,876 pajals arc being educated, and 3,0.'8 in those of the C.M.S. Tliere is a 
divinity school (St. John's) at Lahore, l>eloiif;inj,' to the C.M.S., for training natiro 
candiiUites for Holy Ortlers. 

Til OS. V. La KOBE. 
Jdh 1, I8^«. 


General D ascription .—The Diocese of Mnckeiizie was 

separated from (hat of Athnbasea in 1884. It extends from 

lat. 60° to 70° north, and long. 100° to HI" west, and is 

_ _ tftimated tn contain about 730.000 square miles, but with 

X ■ Aj^ril-ti. ' ^ " present population of only about 6,000 souls. 

U-T L l\-l i The Diocese is traversed by the Mackenzie, Linitl, Peel, 

F iTV^l. 1'i.rcupiuo. and Youcon Bivers, and contains the Great Slave 

^^T*^^' 1 nnd Great Bear Lakes, both very lurge. 11ic native races are 

r^JJ^fcJi the Slave, Dog Hib, and Tnkutli Indiana, and tlio Esquimaux 

kjTi^^f^,^ ..uthe Arctic coast. The only coimiieri'iol iniPTest at presc'nl 

^Sj^_>^ is the fur trade. The situation is too noHlieriy to expect nn 

njirieulttiral immigration. The most interesting geograpliical 

feature in the country is probably the Alexandra Fall on liny Kivcr, near Great 

tilave Lake. 

The introduction of steam iinvlKiition on (he Jlackeniie Hiver, v.-hii'li is jironiised 
in the course of a year or two by the Hudson Bay Company in the interest of the 
Iiirtrade,will, it is' hoped, make a great improvement in the country. The Mackenzie 
River is one of the finest water-courses in the world, being navigable for about 1,500 
niilcfl from its mouih without interruption. 

256 5>to«scs of gilacfecnjtc^iDcr & "^aba^a&cat. 

Chnsek. Work.— The Diocese cooiprisee &boat 10 ProteBtuit miMiotu: Tba 
Indi&na are Dearly all more or less under the instmctioD of French (Bonwn Cktbollc) 
or English (Protestant) missionaries, Hod so arc the EsquimSDZ. The Bn^iah 
mission staff connstA of an Archdeacon and 3 otber Clergy, 3 Lay Eeadeis, ud 9 
native Catechists. Only 5 churches have been erected, but Uiere are 9 miacion 
boQses, There ia great diffioalty in building, owing to the want of woAneo, pro- 
visions, and materials. 

idnoation. — Sunday and day schools are held by the miB«onaries at tha varioas 
missions. The scarcity of provisions has hitherto prevented the establishment of a 
boarding school. 

FinanoB. — The misaion.i, wliicli form the whole of the Church work bare, are 
mainly supportcil by the U.M.S., but liberal grants for Giuich buildings and for 
training native Catechists are made by the S.P.CK., and the Canailian cbnicb has 
lately volunteered some aid. The European reudents in the Diocew also oontiibato 
liberally according- to their tneans, and Christian friends in England afford valued 
help. The see and missions are wholly unendowed. 

VMdi. — To consolidate and secure the mission work of the Diocese a mission 
farm appears needful for raising provisions, and in connection with this a Diooe^n 
school ; also one or two additional missionaries and several more churches. But the 
smallness of the popalation compared n-itli other lands makes it hard to press the 
claims of this Diocese in competition with more attractive fieMs of Christian work 
clsewbere, and tbc remoteness of position and severity of the climate, (he hard fare 
aikd precanouH snbsisb^nce deter many from en'ering on the work here. On iLg 
other hand, the country in healthy, and the natives are not averse to the Gospel, but 
willing to receive it, until they are prcjuiliccd n^inst it by the teaching of Komc. 
rrotestant effort is opposed by French Itomanist priests devoted to the service of 
the Vi^in Mary, and sworn to npboH the doctrine of her Immaculate Conception. 
The; belong to a French Society connected with, or similar to, the Jeanita, anrl 
known as the Obtatcs, or Devotees, of the Immaculate Uary. They have in the 
Diocese S missions worked by a French Bishop, with about 10 priests, 10 brother*, 
and 10 nan.i. One of their priests has lately Joined the Protestant faith. 

The natives arc perhaps nearly equally divided between the Protestant and Romati 
Catholic faiths, and the country being a possession of the Britiali crown, it appears 
unsuitable to leave its spiritual instruction entirely to France and Rome. 

The most interesting and sncccsstiil branch of the mlssion-work is in the extreme 
north on the borders of Alaska, where the Rev. V. C. Sim, our most northern mission- 
ary, has lately died at his post. It is hoped that his leal and encouraging reports 
will stir up a fresh interest in the work which ha-s cost his life. 

The Bishop op Mackenzie Biveb. 

Chnroh Work.— The staff of this Diocese consists of the Bishop, 
English and i native Clergj-, and an order of Catechists who 
BDpply ordinary ministrations in places where there is no resident 
Priest. There is a temporary CatJiedral at Antananarivo, and one 
of stone is being built from the designs of Mr. William White. In 
the same city and ila suburbs are 5 otber churches, and there arc 
■^.'i others at distances varying from 4 to 30 miles. Another cent re 
of work is llamainandro, some 60 miles to the soath-west, where 
there is a resident I'riest, and a stone Church is in coume of erec- 
tion from thcplansof Mr.Scdding; there are 7 daughter Chorclies, 
and a further group some 30 miles farther west. On the east coast 
there are 3 chief stations, Tamatava, Andovoranto, and Hahonoro, 
each with its resident English Priest. There are abont 1 2 country stations at present 
working, others bavini; been broken up by the war. The nnmber of commomcaols on 
the roll of the Cathedral is 150, andthe country churches have from 12 to HO each. The 
chief part of the work as compared with that of other Missions in Madagascar is the sup- 
ply of a national Litu^y, Church mnaic, and Theological literature. There is a small 
printing press atwork. GreattmcertAiDtyhaDgsoveieverythingwhilethewM'laata.bat 

Sioccscs of ^aiagascar an* SaoSros. 257 

it aaems likel; that the inne will be tbat the countij will be opened ap and become 
man pnwpeionB. The aomber o[ worahippero and papiU has not {alien oS in cou- 
•eqiMBoe at the war. 

M— Han. — The Cathedial has an efficient school for boys, girls, and infants, 
with mora than 300 aobolan ; and there are acbooli of an elementary character ia 
oonDMtioa witi> all the ChnrcheB. The High School in the capital, containing 61 
ban, who leoeive instruction fn Scripture, History, UaCbematica. English, kc, fotnu 
» oak between the elementarj schools and the College. The College in sitnated 12 
mDea to the north, and it has a atone Church, built from dcsigiia b; Mr. ButterGeld, 
and a UbTai7 and a lectnre-iooni arc now being added. There are 20 stodents, 
ohiaflj tnining for Choich work, but it is proposed to add a secular side aa soon as 
there la a eaJX for it. 

TloattM. — The Uission is supported by the K.l'.Q., and by the Uishop'H special fund, 
lalsed fay friends in England. The chief clifficulty of the work is Uie impossibility of 
getting the native* to contribute much ; this arises partly from the apathy of their 
nature, but more from the fact that at present there is very little money in the 

U. M. Hevlett, Dioceian Seeretaty. 

jLiit«auuiriTD, Mtdngmaf, jLointt ID. ISW. 


0«UTal Deieriptiini.— Thid Diocese was foanded in 183G, nnd is 
conterminous with the Presidency, the popnlatiou of which la 
30,839.181; but the Bishop alao exercises episcopal control over the 
Cle^y (including the chaplains) and congregations in the natire 
State of Mysore with Coorg (popnlatiou 4.364,632), and in that 
of Hyderabad ivith Berar (12,670,982). and over the chaplain of 
Trevandrum, the capital of Truvancore. The lanRoagea spoken arc 
Tamil, Telugu, Slalayaliio, Tulu, Canarese, Hindustani, and some 
Mahratta. besides dialects of Hborigiual tribes. 

Chnrell Work. — The number of Christians connected with the 
Church of England is computed at 1 26.000 ; of n-hom about 26,000 are EuropeBQB and 
Eurasians, and the rest natives. There arc besides abniit 26,000 catechumens, or 
persons under Chrislian instruction. The number of communicanis in the native 
Church ia about 27,200. The Hisliop is .lideil at prencnt in the Buperiiilenrlence of 
Ihe native Cliurch and Missions. I>y two Ax^islant Iii»hOfi<. There urc 222 Clergymen, 
lit., 93 European and Eurasian, and 12D native. 

Xdncation.— Itc number of mission schools h about 1,100, and that of children 
under instruction 37,172— viz., 27.-'12 boys and U,960 girls. Of these, y,436 bojs and 
6,039 girls are ChribtiaDa. I'ho number of I«dy Missionaries is 20; of European 
and Eurasian female assislanls 12; of native Bible-women 62; of native female 
teachers (besides S.F.Q.) 131. 

XlmuM.— Seven Clergymen ministering to English congregations arc supported by 
Toluntary contribution.s, aideil by grants from Government, viz., 2 connected with the 
Colonial and Continental Church Society. 2 with the Diocesan Additional Clergy 
Fund, S with the fund raised by shareholders in the Madras Railway, and 1 with 
both these funds. 

The voluntary contributions raised and expended in the Diocese, an reported by 
the European clergymen, umoiint to about lO.OTO/,, viz., tor the poor, about 1,6401. ; 
for cliurcbea, choirs, cemeteries, nboiit 4.82ril, ; for schools and orphanages, nbouC 
1.3SSI. ; for ministrations to Engli.<li, about 1,100;. ; for missions, about B.'.O/. ; anrl 
for Bibles, books, and tracts, about 200(. Halive Cbri^itiaDs have also contributed in 
S.P.G. MisBions, 1,819;. ; in C.M.S., 1,185/. ; ti^cthcr about S,G34?, 

Training of Clergy, ko.^ There are 2 theological colleges at Madras ; 4 instiln- 
tionsiotfae Diocese for training catechists and school -moateis; 3 for training female 
teachers ; B colleges for general education, 

F. Uaokib. 

ScptflulMr 10, ue«. 

258 l^ioccsc of '^auxititts. 


General Deeoriptlon. — This See was founded in 1854, and is co- 
extensive with the colony and its dependencies, which comprise 149 
small islands, widely scattered over the southern Indian Ocean, at 
distances varying from 300 to 1,200 miles from the colony. The 
most important group, the Seychelles, is nearly 1,000 miles to the 
north, and almost on the Kquator. The actual area of land is, however, 
only about 1,400 square miles, of which Mauritius itself occupies 
714. The population amounts to 380,000, of whom all but about 18,000 
are found in the island of Mauritius. There are some 260,000 British 
Indians, and the rest form the mixed general population of English, 
French, Creoles,* Malagachcs, Africans, and Chinese. The popula- 
tion of the Seychelles Archipelago is over 14,000, and of the other scattered islets 
about 4,000. On the census day of 1881 the military and sailors in Manritius 
numbered 436 and 637 respectively, but the number of sailors who arrived in British 
ships in the course of the year was neiirly 9,400. The population of the island 
had exactly doubled during tlio previous thirty years, and it is more closely distri- 
buted than that of Belgium. 

Immigration. — Of the Indians mentioned above more than half were bom in 
India. They begin now to settle more permanently in the Colony, and are driving 
out the Creoles of African descent, being more thrifty, intelligent, and diligent. 
Originally labourers under contract on the sugar estates, they are becoming largely 
an independent population of agricultural labourers, servants, hawkers, and small 
1 radesmen. The Arabs are the chief rice merchants, the Creoles the chief artisans. 
Sugar, vanilla, and lately aloes (for fibre) are the chief industries of Mauritius ; 
coffee, chocolate, and cocoa-nut oil, of the dependencies. The export and import trade 
is very great, but the chief wealth is in the hands of Roman Catholics of Frencli ez- 
1 Taction. Our own community consists mainly of Government employes (who consider 
England their natural and future home, and who seek to lay by for retirement), and 
of converts from the Indian immigrants. Great opposition is maintained by the 
Roman Catholic Church, but its hold over the male portion of its flock has much 
decreased of late years. 

Churoli Work. — The estimated number of Church members (entered very imper- 
fectly in the last census) is from 9,000 to 10,000, of whom about 3,000 are Indians, and 
3.300 more belong to the dependencies. The communicant-s are estimated at 1,800, 
of whom 450 are Indians. There are 79 congregations, and 82 churches, chapels, an<l 
schoolrooms, besides the prisons. For the regular Sunday services (upwards of 100 in 
number, and conducted in 7 different languages) the Church has, beside the Bishop, 
20 Clergy in Mauritius and the Seychelles— 13 Priests and 7 Deacons. Of these 8 
are English, 5 French or Creole, and 7 Indians. Nine are on the Government 

Education. —This work was begun by the Cliurch in 1836, but since then many 
schools have been transferred to the Government Department, which gives full oppor- 
tunity to all Christian denominations to instruct their own youth in religion during 
school hours. Besides these, the Church has 41 day and 1 1 Sunday schools, containing 
respectively over 2,000 and 500 scholars ; among the former are many heathen. A 
Training College of a simple character has been erected and opened this year, with 
a view to the preparation of catechists and native pastors. The Mission boarding 
schools have been successful in preparing a fair number of Christian Indians, who 
are employed as schoolmasters in Mission and Government schools. 

Finance.— During the year 1885 about 5,OO0Z. (including aid from the Home 
Societies) was raised from private sources for Church work. The Government con- 
tributes to the stipend of the Bishop (as * senior chaplain '), pays four Clergymen 
wholly, and others partly. The Diocese is under great obligations to Home Societies ; 
the S.P.G. assists five Clergy, the C.M.S. six. Tlie number and composition of the 
population, together with the peculiar difficulties of missionary work in such close 
contact with Romanism, furnish strong pleas for the maintenance and increase of 
help from the mother Church. 

Church Government, &c.— There is a representative Church Council, but no formal 

' In Mauritius a • Creole* is a jMireon bom on the islan«l, of wbatevcr extraction or colour. 

pioccscs of 'Melanesia on6 Sadboutnc. 259 

Synod. In spite of all diffionlties arisio^ from tlic gieoX resources and incessant 
oppcnition of the Church of Rome, and fiom tlic itcaitcrcd nature of ihe Diocese, 
with it* multiUiignal population, it is belicvcfl llutt the work of the Gospel is sprcail- 
ing bere, And becoming more deep and fixed among us. The Indian Church is 
beooming united, and the gcneiBl organisation of tlic Dioci^e is improved. 

L™.loii,8c[>t. 18S8. P. S. MAvniTirs. 

Omeral Daictiption. -Thi^ Dioo 
rst Disliop beiu;; Juhii Cuiorid^ 

I'estcm Islands of the Soutli I'ncitic, from the middle of the Xew 
Hebrides to the Solomon IslandsinclugiTc. Tliecbarocteristics of 
^ the people are such as are common to races in a low slate of civil- 
isation,and destitute of metals or ignorant of the art of working 
tbem. In some of the islands cannibalism is praclised, while in 
others it is abhorred as much a.s it is by ourselves. The trade is 
nt present veiy limited, jiearl shell, bfcho.dc-mer, andcoplubcinft 
the principal products. It basbeenwell said that the mun article 
of export is mrn, who arc taken in largo numbers to Queensland 
and Fiji, to work on Ifae plantations. Uoth Governments have 
veryrirlct regulations about this trade, and the men, as a rule, are well treated, hut the 
mortality is often very great, and tlie incessant demand harasses the people, besides 
taklngaway the able-bodied monfrom the islands. Tliecning abuse is the recruit inj;' 
of women, which has been the cause of many of the murders nhich have taken place 
Olivnh Work.— The Baptisms last year were 478 the Mission Stations and 
Scboola are nearly 60 in number. The great hindrances to muisionar} nork in the 
island are the variety of languages, and Ihe absence of anv grpit chiefs, anil the 
conaeqiieDt jealonsy of villus against village. 

■•Ml. — More white Clergy are ncedeil. Young men nho liaie ilready received 
* cert^n amount of education are the best, for there is little time for training 
RDglish Clergy, in addition to the work with unlive teachers 

A few notes concerning I'iji may here be addtd thoagh it is not, propcrlj 
speaking, in this Diocese. 

The young colony of Fiji is fast growing into importance and the Church there 
deserves thcrarnest attention of the Church of England The liioliop ha\ingiuitc) 
it, can speak with conHdence as to its H-anls. Tlie AVc.<lcyans have lalioured with 
mnch teal tor Ihe cons'erRion of the natives, and liave met with signal success, hat 
the Knglisfa settlers liavc hitherto been indebted lo the eneigj- and perseverance of 
the Bev. W. Floyd, who lias built up the Cliurch at I.evaka (the old capital) witti 
much devotion, and who has been working in £nglanil, endeavouring to raise funds 
and men. both of which are still wanted. The seat of government is now changed. 
and tJie riang town of Suva ought to have its own Clergyman. If he could bo also 
Bishop, he would be ablo to do all that is wanted at present, and would bo at hand 
to provide for the wants of the scattercl pc-pulation as they arrive. An offer was 
made by the Hon. John Campbell, of Sydney, to endow a Bishopric, but this Las 
fallen through, owing to the great ilepreoiuliuii of land in that colony. 

It, II. CODIiINUTOS. fi>r J. P.. ytUVVK, Ulitionarij Bithoii. 
Nurlolk Ulaiiil : July Tt; ISBu. 

Oenerkl Desoription.— This Diocese was founded in ISiT. and 
now consists of the eastern half of the colony of Victoria, tlio 
western half having been formed into tlioDiow^iiOof llaliarat in 1875. 
The area of tbc Diocese is i'i.ti^ s<)iiarc miles, that of llio colony 
being 87,8(1 1 square miles, or a little less than tliat of Orcat Ilritaln. 
At the end of ISR-I the cstimnKHl p>iiulatiuii of the Diocese wan 
606,000, and of Ihe colon v 0!ll,8(i:l. AC the census taken on April 
3, 1881, there were 1!I6,606 liritish bom, 86,733 Irish, iOSI.lDSl 
Victorians, 39,861 other Australians, 8,671 Germans, and 12.128 
Cliinese, Tliis colony lias censed to increase by assisted immigra- 
other Australian colonies still (.f>ntiiiiie to expend large sum.e annmiUy 

26o ^ioccscs of 'Melbourne anb ^onfrcctL 

on the intnxlaction of immigrants. In the year 1885 the immigratiou hy sea was 
76,976, and the emiprration 61,994, and \n the decade ending with 1885 the excess 
of the former over the latter was 91,037; the excess of births over deaths daring 
the same period was 142,9Si<. The native population are sanguine, energetic, and 
persevering ; intensely patriotic, always speaking of the United Kingdom as their 
*home;* generally wcll-bcliaved and temperate. The people are sheep and cattle 
owners, farmers, miners, merchants, tradesmen, artisans, &c. Many of all classes 
are wealthy, and the population may generally be described .as prosperous ; many 
of the ' selectors ' arc in goo<l circumstances, whilst some others are in difficulties. 
The exports are wool, wheat, gold, carcases, hides, tallow, horses. Sec ; the imports 
include soft r:oo<Is, liardware, liquors, tea, sugar, timber, &c 

Church Work.~The number of Church members is about 250,000 ; of communi- 
cants, 13,500. There arc 14i) {xirisha^, or parochial and mission districts. The lieensed 
Clergy are 136, and there are 'A) readers, who are mostly probationers for Holy 
Onlers, besides 16(! honorary re^ulors, gentlemen who conduct DiWne Service witli 
the HLshop*s sanction. Tlio baptisms in ISS^ were about 6,700, the confirmations 
2,115, and the unlinations 17-7 dciicons and 10 priests. 

Education.— There are no primary day schools connected with the Church; the 
State system of ' free, secular, and compulsory ' education defies competition. There 
are, however, some 4 or 5 grammar school.«, in which the sons of the wealthier 
colonists receive a liberal educjition, leading up to that of the Melbourne University. 
There are 314 Sunday schools, with 29,250 .scholars. 

Training College.- -Trinity College is affiliated to the University of Melbourne, 
where certain of the stu'bmts ])aiis tlirough a theological course. There are eight theo- 
logical scholarships of the aggregate annual value of 460/., in addition to which 1,600/. 
is voted annually from the public funds of the Church towanls the maintenance of 
the College and expenses of divinity students. 

Finance. —The amount raiscil in the Diocese in 1885 for every branch of Church 
work was about 95,000/. — namely, fi)r support of clergy and lay helpers, 47,000/. ; 
for building churches, mission nwms, and parsooagCH, 26,000/. ; for theological 
schools, 3,500/. ; for education, 2,500/.; fur charitable work in general, 2,0o0L ; and 
for expenses of service, interest on loans, &c., 15.000/. 

Needs. — Traine^l men for the ministry are much needed, whom nevertheless it is 
best that we should educate ourselves. 

II. B. Macartnkv, Ad mi ni$t rat or of the Di4t€e$e of MMourme, 

Deanery, Melbourne, Sept. 2u, 188G. 


fft General Deioription.— This Diocese was divided from that of 

ffk Quebec in 1850 by Royal Letters Patent. The first Bishop was the 

fiW^^ Right Rev. Francis Fulford, D.D., Metropolitan of Canada; he was 

^^^*^^^*^ succeeded by the Rij^ht Rev. Ashton Oxenden, D.D. The Diocese is 

bounded on the south and west by the United States and the province 

of Ontario, and on the east by the eastern boundaries of the coimties 

of Berthier, Richelieu, Bagot, Shefford, and Brome. The population 

in 1884 wus620,(HX). 

Tiic increase by immigration is very small, the great majority of 

tliosc^ arriving in the country finding their way to Ontario, and in the 

ast year or two to Manitoba and the nortli-wcsl. The Diocese is agricultural, all 

but the city of Montreid. Except in the C4>unties of Missistjuoi, Brome, and Shefford 

in the eastern townshijw, and Pontiac, Ottawa, and Argenteuil in the Ottawa district, 

the pojmlation is almost entirely French. 

Church Work. — The proportion of the Church of Enghind to the entire popula- 
tion is less than 7 per cent., French and Roman Catholics largely predominating. 
The number of Church members in 1885 was about 38,000, of communicants 7,740. 
There are 81 parishes and missions, with 127 churches, and 66 other stations where 
services are occasionally held. The Cleigy number 102, the Lay Readers 11, and the 
students of the Diocesan Theological College, of whom there were 18 last year, work 

SKoccscs of '^onlveal anb '^oosonee. 261 

in the vacaiit paiiBhes and nUGtODS daring the summer months. In ISSE there w« 
1,341 b^iti«mB, CSS eonRrmationB, and 12 Prif>sts and ^ Deacons were ordained. 

Btoeatlon.— The daj schools namber 34, the Sunday Echoola llg; in the latter 
there ire 6,931 Kbolars, with 664 teachen. 

Tlnuee. — VolontaTy contribntionH (exclusive of rcicnue received from cndow- 
nientftmds and outside sources) were, for the Di.>ccian Theolugical College about 
I^MSI, and for the snjmort of the Clerg^r oC this Diocera about ll.SBOi. The sum of 
i)l(K. wna contribntcd for Foreign Missions and for Missions in Algoma and North- 
irestcra Canada. The -.nm of 28.220?. was raised in the Diocese in leSB for every 
l>ranch of Chnrch work, Imt (his does not by any menus Rovcr all the sums actnally 
(»ntribnted by members for Hid erection of new cIiHrches, the sui)tx>rt of the Clergy, 
and Ihe maintenance of the mioislralions of the Churcli even within the Diocese, 
■nach less does it cover all the contributions for similar objects outside. 

Viedi. — Owing to the Chutch population being scattered, and generally not well 
off, there ii great difficulty in keeping; up a supply of religions ordinances. It is 
I'hiefly to the Diocesan Thcolc^ical College. Montreal, that J have to look for the 
ttQppIy of clergjtncn to fill the older parishes as the; become vacant, and to work in 
new misEiona and parishes. The College, I am thankful to say, is in admirable 
working order, and the students are coming forward for ordination as quickly as is 
consistent with thorough training. There is an increasing demand for services in 
the French t«ngae, and I have ample employment for the talents of men who can 
ofHciale in both lanpiages. The Tboolc^eal College jwiys attention to this require- 
ment, aa does also the Sabrcvois Colleirc. 




■■ flenaral DMBriptiim, — Moosoncc forn>eil part of tlic original 

JK^ DiocciiC of Rupert's Land, out of which it was taken in I8T2, when 

_^|y the present Bishoi) was consecrated. It is the largest Diocese in 

■^^W*^^" Ilrilish North America, surroundinK lladnon's Bay, and extending 
inland to the distance of from .1IH) to GOO miles on its eastern, 
western, and snuibcrn sides, and northwanl as far as human 
beings exist. The most northern part is quite unlit for the 
abode ol civilised man, but agriculture might be carried on iu 
Ihe sonlh with considerable success, although wheat will scarcely 
ripen, and in winter the climate is very severe, the thermometer 
sometimes fallinfr to 60° Iwlow lero. Itailroads are projected 
from Lake Superior to Moose, and from Saskatchewan to 
Cbnrchill, where there is an eicellent harbour. The population may lie estimaleil 
at 10,000, and consists of a small number of whites in the service of Ihe Hudson's 
ll»j Company, wiio have for-irading stations scattered over the entire counlry, 
half-castes. Kikimo, Ojibbeways, Crces, and Chipwyans. There is no immigration 
whatever. Tbe fen Europeans are all connected with the fur trade ; the Indians are 
all hnnlers, and carry on their occupation doring Ihe winter, trapping beaver, mar- 
ten, fox, lynx. mink. t>ear, and other animals, and bringing their skins to the varioiLi 
trading posts in Ihe early summer, when they cxcliange them for European cloth- 
ing. Hoar, guns, *;c. Tlicy are employed at llie princi[jal posts during the summer 
nd voyagers, to tranoport trailing goods to tlic distant stations, and in other kinds 
of labour ; they work well, and are very fairly paid for their work. 

Ovtuoh Work.— Tlie Church members are about 4,000, the communicant* TOO, and 
there are 6 Clergy. There is a fine cathedral at Jloose, and there are churcheH 
at eight other places. The number of baptisms in ISS.i was about 140, and 124 
penons were confirmed. In each trtl>o the best instructed Indian is appointeil 
catechist or teacher ; (o him all the members look for advice in their dirficulties 
and for comfort in the hour of trial, when far removed from tbe Missionary; those 
men, TWjeiving little or no remuneration for their services, are very faithful in the 
discharge of their duties, and are a great help to the Missionary, to whom they 
r«jiort all that happens during the hunting season. The Diocese being so hirge, and 
the Clergy no few, they arc obliged to undertake very extensive journeys; each 

262 ^xoccses of ^oosoncc anb Nassau. 

liaving a large district under liis charge, through which he travela once a year, in 
the summer by boat or cauoc, in the winter in a dog-sledge, or on snowshoei}. 
Great progress has taken i)lacc in the development of the Mission during the present 
year. Fort Churchill, in N. Moosonec, has been occupied by an energetic European 
Missionary, as has likewise Rupert's House, in S. Moosonee; at the station o£ 
3Iartin's Falls, in the Albany district, to which tribes of Ojibbeways resort, a 
catechist, thoroughly ac<iuainted with the Indian language and Indian life, has 
been appointed, while at Prince of Wales Sound, Hudaon^s 8traits, a gentleman 
connected with the Canadian Government Geological Survey is labouring for the 
good of the Eskimo inhabiting the surrounding country ; he is a Canadian Church- 
man, and deserves great credit for his self-denying labours, and I hope he will yet 
be admitted to the ministry. 

Education. — There is a school at Gvevy mission station, at which English is taught 
to tlic residents, and to such Indians as make a lengthcne<l stay, wliile all Indians 
arc diligently instructed in their own language. Sunday schools exist at all stations; 
and at some j)0Sts, where tliere is not a resident missionary, the Hudson's Bay trader 
conducts both service and Sunday school. Heading and writing, introduced by the 
Mission, are general throughout the tribes. The Bishop has translated into Cree, 
parts of the Bible, the Prayer Book, and Hymn Book ; and Archdeacon Vincent, • The 
Pilgrim's Progress ' ; while the Rev. K. J. Peck has translated large portions of the 
Bible, Prayer Book, &c., into Eskimo; and the Rev. J. Sanders (an Ojibbeway) has 
done the same with his native language. 

Finance. — There is not a rich person in the Diocese, although the trade of the 
country is very prosperous for those enfraj^ed in it. Not a farthing is spent by the 
proprietors, except what is necessary for the requirements of the trade. About 160/. 
was collected in the Diocese last year— a large sum imder the circnmstanoes in 
which we are situated. 

Needs. — The most pressing needs are (1 ) the endowment of our college for native 
students ; there are no funds for the purpose, and it is impossible to raise them in 
the Diocese ; (2) the increase of our fund for tlie employment of additional Glerg}'. 
Though the number is so limited, very much has been done towards the evangelisa- 
tion of all the tribes and individuals in the Diocese, in which there is no resident 
minister of any other denomination. We require much help in our building opera- 
tions ; I am new building a large and substantial Mission House at Rupert's House, 
at a cost of between iOOl. and 500/., and a church at Matawakumme. 

J. Moosonee. 

Bishop's Court, SoptemlKT 0, 1886. 


General Description. -Tlie See of Nassau was foimded in 18G1, 
having been previously an archdeaconry of Jamaica. The Diocese 
consists of the Bahama Islands, together with the Turks and Caicos 
group, and has an area of about 4,420 square miles. The Bahamas 
lie south-east of the coast of Florida, and north-east of Cuba, and 
the Turks and Caicos lie to the south of tlie Bahamas. 

The population according to the census of 1881 was 48,253. 
They are an agricultural people, growing sugar-cane, vegetables, 
pine-apples, and other fruit. The principal trade is in sponges, and 
some pearls also are found, which generally realise a good price. 
Chnroli Work.— The number of mission stations, including 
churches, is 87 ; of Clergy 14 ; of professing Churchpeople about 13,000, and of 
communicants 3,719. In the year 1885 there were 672 baptisms and 627 confirma- 

Education. — There are 31 Church Day SiOiools, with 1,675 scholars, besides the 
Government Schools ; also 74 Sunday Schools, with 268 teachers, and an estimated 
number of 3,335 children. 

Finance. — The amount raised in the Diocese for Church work in 1885 (exclusive of 
interest on Diocesan Funds) was 2,010/. 

Fressing Needs. — The chief need appears now to be the provision of endowments 

l>iocc5C5 of Nassau and ^cCson. 26 


for the wurious parishes, by the augmentation of the Clergy Sustentation Fund. 
Land is being purchased and planted with cocoa-nuts or other fruit-trees, which 
it is hoped may prove successful in swelling the eudownierits. The Clergy Sustenta- 
tion Fond keeps gradually increasing, but it is to be feared that its chief source of 
growth must be the liberality of Churchpeople at liome. All appeals made in 
England for this fund have been warmly answered, but unless some unforeseen 
donation comes to the Diocese, it will be many years before it will be in a position 
to support anything like a sufficient number of Clergy to carry on the Church's 
work in the l^iamas. Eventually, there can be no doubt that the Diocese should be 
self -supporting. 

Jnly 16, 188G. EDWARD NASSAU. 


General Deeeription. — This Diocese was founded in 1857, and 

consists of the northern portion of the south island of New Zealand. 

It is about 180 miles from north to south, and 120 miles from east 

to west, and is bounded on the north by the Straits and on the south 

by the Hurunui and Tcremakau rivers. On the western side are 

gold-fields, in the middle is an ajjrriculturul and timber district, 

and on the east are sheep and cattle runs, with a gold-field. It is 

intersected by lofty mountain ranges, from 2,000 to 10,000 feet in 

height ; the roads are imperfect, and there are rapid rivers, very 

scantily bridged, so that many casualties from drowning occur in 

the course of the year. The climate of Nelson is proverbially fine ; 

the maximom heat in 1880 was 70^, the minimum 30°. The population is 48,000 ; 

a great increase took place between 1865 and 1870, but since that time it has been 


Church Work. — About 22,000 persons (16 per cent.) profess to be members of the 
Church of England ; the number of communicants it is difiicult to estimate — they 
are not more than one in twenty, but arc increasing. There are five duly consti- 
tuted parishes, with fifteen parochial and missionary districts; thirty-nine churches, 
and twenty other places used for Divine service. The licensed Clergy number twenty- 
four. Confirmations are held yearly, and whenever asked for ; about 300 are con- 
firmed biennially. Education is conducted by the State, and is secular, but there are 
O'XMisional opportunities for Bible reading in Government schools. 

Training College.— The Bishop has liad a Theological college at liishopsdale, two 
miles from Nelson, since 1868, in which there arc usually six students. Many who 
have passed through it are now in different parts of New Zealand, while five have 
received orders in England. Most of the students pass the University examinations. 
Instruction is given in Hebrew, in addition to the onlinary coiu-se. 

In the ecclesiastical Province of New Zealand there lias been in operation for 12 
years past a Board of Theological Studies, consisting of the 6 Bishops of New Zealand, 
and 3 clerical and 3 lay members, elected triennially by the general Synod. This 
Board conducts examinations annually in four grades. The first is open to all, while 
the three higlier grades are more suited to candidates for Holy Orders. From 16 
to 25 students have annually attended these examinations, which follow the lines of 
the Cambridge Theological anrl the previous Theological examinations, approved by 
the Bishops for candidates for Holy Orders. One standjrrd is thus attained for the 
whole of the ecclesiastical Province. The examination is conducted on strict 
University principles, and the students are classified. The fourth grade is as nearly 
as passible of the same standard in its first class as the Cambridge Theological Triix)s. 
Certificates and two scholarshii)s of 30/. are given by the (general Synod to the 
second and third grades. The honorarj' clerical secretary from the first has been 
the Bishop of Nelson. 

Finance.— There is a fund of 11,000/., the interest of which is charged with the 
Bishop's stipend of 600/. (inadequate), and the balance is j?iven in grants to the 
Clergy, to supplement local contributions. There are also a Stipend Fund, supported 
by voluntary contributions, a General Church Fund, and funds for pensions and for 
e<lucation for the ministry. 

IlMd*.— The Diocese needs assiatiuice iu new ftnd oaUjring diatriota taken np bj 
■ettleis recently anived, and eUoendowments for the promotion of clerical ednoatioD. 
It never had reserves such as the neif^hbouring Dioceses have enjoyed, bnt laveral 
valuable beqaests, including one of IS.OOOI., of which the Bishop was appointed by 
Ihe donor one of the trustees, have been recently made to particniar parishes and 

August is3>. A. B. Nelbon. 

Oenaral Seseription. — Thin Diocese wan founded in 1879, and 
[insintfl of a district lying between the 49th and 64th parallels of 
N. Intitadc, and bounded on the east by the Rocky Mountains, and 
n the west by the Stiait of tleorgia. The population, inclading 
tidiona and ChinebC, is about 50,000. 
Chorek Work.— The Chnrch members, including Indians, number 
2,054, the communicants 409. There are 13 Clei^ (inclnding S 
absent on leave), 4 lay readers, 2 native catechists and ioterpreten. 
There are 9 churches (exclusive of Indian churches), besidea build- 
ings used temporarily as such. Daring last year there were 1S7 
baptisms, and 44 persons were continned. The amount raised in the 
Diocese hut year was I.304f.,but it is impossible, in the mdimentary 
condition of our organisation, to give the particulars In regard to volnntary contij- 
bntions. The above sum, contributed hy 2,054 Church memben (men, women, and 
children), Indians included, is, however, 1 conceive, a very respectable amount, and far 
above the average of such cootributions. It was employed In the enctiou of a c^nr^ 
and parsonage, a stone bell tower for another church, and in the payment of atipeDda 
of Clergy. The Indian SchooU are still maintained, and that for girls may be said 
to Sonrish vigorously. The work is still without Qovemment aid, and needs motdi 
more liberal public support than it has yet received. Bnt for the generons giant of 
the 8.r.O., and the ever ready help of tlie S.P.C.K,, it wonld be impoasible to main- 
tain Charch Services in mote than a few places. We hope, however, to be able to 
hold on till the depression has passed away, without further reducing oor ranks, and 
to be ready to take advantage of the tide of returning prosperity when it oomea. 

N)» WatialnatBt : JuDe !;, ISBe, A. W. WKTUINSTBR. 


This is the smallest of the Canadian Dioceses. It consists of 
six of the most fertile counties of the Province of Ontario. The 
farmers are nearfy all wealthy, and large rcvennesare received from 
fruit, chiefly grapes, peaches, and apples, as well as from ordinary 
farm produce. The Church has a number of endowed pwishea 
in it, but no missionary field, as the counties are all well settled. 
In many places, however, Oinrch people aro nnmerically weak, 
and a number of stations called Klissions (inasmnch as they re- 
ceive aid from the Board of Diocesan Missions) have been estab- 
lished. The 6eecityisHamilton,atownofabout45,000inhabitants, 
pleasantly situated on Barljngton Ray. Christ Chtuoh Cathedral is 
a fine large church, as yet, however, unGnished,'BS far as the tower, 
bells, chancel (except one that is very shallow} are concerned. It is in use, however, 
for Divine Service, has a sucpliced choir, and occasional choral service. There arc 
live other chnrchea in the city. Two o^er large towns, also called cities, in the 
Diocese are Guelph and St. Catharine's. There are no Church Schools, Sisters, 
hospital?, or any institutions of that- kind. The Diocese is as yet young, the Epi- 
scopal endowment itself being not yet fully made up. 

Chas. H, Mockbidgb, SeereiaTji for the Dion-u. 
HsmlKoii : Anguil 17, ISU. 

dioceses of iligcr ^ivev Sc ^ova ^cotxa. 265 


n Oenaiml Deieription. — The Niger Mission was undertaken in 1867 

JBI by the C.M.S., who in 1864 placed it (divided into two Arch- 

^^^JEjL^i deaoonries) nnder the supervision of a native Bishop. I'hc extent of 

^^ ■ ^^^ -^ the Diocese is quite undefined, as it comprises the Niger Delta, from 

Benin river to Bonny in the Bight of Biafra, and the country on 
botji sides of the river as far inland as it is aocessiblo. 

Church Work. — Between the moulhs of the river in the Bight, 
and Kipo Hill, :150 miles from the coast, 11 statijins have Um-h 
occupictl, but Slime of tlieso arc vacant at ])resont throiiprh dtfaths 
and want of suitable agents. In addition to tlioso no less than 
12 kings and chiefs of ix)pulous towns nnrl cities in the interior, containing from 
10,000 to 60.000 inhabitants, -have applied to us to cstabhsh missions among their 
people, but for ¥rant of men and means we have not been able to respond to their in- 
vitatioiiB beyond occasional visits and empty promises. Men are h^ing sought for, 
and we hope they will bo got, but I cannot say the same of means, which might 
enable ua at once to prepare for the arrival of teachers. To provide suitable agents 
lor the future, the C.M.S. have sanctioned the building of a Preparandi Institution, 
wherein promimng native youths may be trained for teachers ; at present there are 
bIx under training. 

Hie staff consists of the Bishop, two Archdeacons, four Priests, and one Deacon, all 
these being natives, and two European missionaries, besides eight lay agents, who arc 
oocasioDally assisted by some of the experienced native converts. In the year ending 
March 1884, there were 3,571 native adherents, 860 communicants, and 332 scholars. 
Ifuaee. — ^Tbe liberality of the native converts is being gradually called forth, as 
they learn to i^ipreciate their Christian privileges, in contributing towards building 
sabeUntial pluses of worship. At Nembe, Brass Biver, they have set a noble 
example l>y contributing for an iron church to hold 800 or 1000, which, when com- 
pleted, will have cost 1,0002. It was opened on October 9, 1884, in the presence of a 
congn^^ion numbering 1,202 persons. The congregation of St. Barnabas, at Tawn, 
Brass Biver, have begun to contribute for a similar iron church, and at other stations 
they are winching to follow the same liberal example. Thus judiciously, and step b}- 
step, the native converts are being led on to self-support, so as ultimately to be inde- 
pendent of outward aid. 

S. A. Crowtiibr, Bishop, Niger Territory, 

River, r/d Lagos, Wett Africa, September 4, 1880. 


Oeneral Description. — This is the earliest of the colonial Sees, 
and was founded in 1 787. It comprises two distinct provinces — Nova 
Scotia (including the island of Cape Breton) and Prince Edward's 
Island. The former has an area of 20,900 square miles, with a popula- 
tion of 440,670; the latter is much smaller, being 2,133 miles in 
extent, and having a population of 108,890. There is very little 
immigration into either part of the Diocese, but we suffer from the 
emigration of our most energetic young people to the United States, 
and now still more to theNorth-Westem Territory. We have a lonjj 
line of coast, and therefore many fishing settlements. Parts of the 
province are very favourable for agriculture, but the season is short. 
There are large coalfields and some iron mines. 

Church Work. — There are 00,256 members of the Churcli of England in Nova 
Scotia, of whom 8,064 are communicants. The parishes and missions number 72, and 
are served by 84 Clergy. In the year 1884, 789 persons were confirmed. Tlie Church 
people in Prince Edward's Island are 7,192, of whom 1,030 arc communicants ; tlierc 
are 10 parishes and missions, with 10 Clergj-. Eleven persons were ordained — 
5 deacons and 6 priests. 

Edueation. — There are no day schools connected with the Church, free education 
being provided by the State. In Nova Scotia there are 90 Sunday schools, with 
4,626 scholars; in Prince Edward's Island 10 schools, with 747 scholars. There are 

266 S^ioccsco of ^Toua Scotia anb ^ttfatto. 

a collegiate school at Windsor, and a girls' school at Halifax (principally for 
ix>arders), conncctc<l with the Cliurch. The State maintains a training college for 
common school teachers at Truro. The Church has an old University of King's 
College at Windsor, founded by George III. in 1802, which has sent out some dis- 
tinguished men as graduates; but the public grants to colleges of the several 
denominations having lately been withdrawn, wo shall have much difficulty in 
maintaining the efficiency of the University. 

Finance.- -It is not possible to arrive at an estimate of funds raised in the 
pcvcral parishes, but tlie Church Society has an income of 1,0502. for general pur- 
l)Oses, besides widows', orphans', and superannuation funds. We have about 1,6702. 
a year from a fund invested for endowment of parishes, and the people are ever^'- 
where [required to contribute to the maintenance of their ministers. A few of the 
parishes are self-supporting. The chief cities both of Nova Scotia (Halifax) and of 
I'rince Edward's Island (Charlotte Town) have been, and are, very much depressed, 
and we do not sec any prospect of improvement at present. The effect of this is 
l^iinfully felt by our Societies and Institutions. 

H. Nova Scotia. 

August ISS.";. 


General Deseription.—This Diocese ^^'as fonued in ]^G2, when 
l>r. John Travers Lewis (T.('.D.)wa8 consecrated the first Bishop. 
It lies nt tlie extreme east of the Province of Ontario ; its boundaries 
are : on the north and cast the river Ottawa ; on the west a line 
running in a north-westerly direction, dividing the Counties of 
Hastings and Northumberland, until it meets the southern bonndar^' 
of the great Nipissing district, the whole of which, east of Lake 
Nipissiug, and south of the river lilattawan, has now been attached 
to this l3iocese, and on the south the eastern part of Lake Ontario 
and the Kivcr St. Lawrence. Tlio Diocese contains 16 counties 
and over 200 townships, each of the latter comprising (usually) 100 
square miles. The population is about 500,000, in an area of 25,000 square miles. 
The people are chiefly of the farmer class, and are industrious and moraL They have 
acquired habits of thrift and economy to a degpree that makes them exceedingly penu- 
rious, and loth to give money for any objects that do not confer a personid benefit. 
At Ottawa, the capital of the Dominion, at Trenton, and in various other places, are 
groat saw-mills for the manufacture of sc[uarc timber for the English market, and 
• Icals for American and home building purposes. Besides these main industries, there 
iwii paper, woollen, cotton, and starch factories, which do a large business ; and of 
late years a considerable impetus has been given to manufactures of all kinds, such 
JH railroad materials, agricultural implements, carriage furniture, and brushes. In 
some localities are found rich deposits of lead, iron ore, and phosphates, which are 
l>oing developed as the railway system is extended. 

Churoli Work. — The Diocese is divided into two Archdeaconries and eight Rural 
Deaneries. The professed Church members number 77,672. The working staff of 
clergy consists of 104 Priests and 8 Deacons, with 4 perpetual Deacons (unpaid) ; 
but of these 11 are superannuated or on leave. In 25 years the number of churches 
has increased from 69 to 104, besides which 24 have been rebuilt on a larger scale. 
Services are lield in 70 school-houses, so that there arc some 245 congregations in the 
Diocese. In 24 years the Bishop has confirmed 24,109 persons. It is estimated 
that there are still scattered throughout this large Diocese some 26,000 professing 
Church members without Church ministmtions, a statement which shows now sadl}' 
needtnl are more men and more means. There is a general feeling among cleigj* 
i\n(\ laity that the Diocese ought to be divided, and all the initial steps to promote 
this end have been taken, including the sanction of the Upper House of the Pro- 
vincial Synod. The Diocesan SjTiotl has unanimously approved of the plan, and has 
roquestecl the Bishop to make an appeal to the great societies, and friends of the 
Church in England. The boundaries of the two proposed Dioceses would be nearly 
conterminous with the existing Archdeaconries. 

Finance.— The Episcopal Fund last year yielded ^3,200, or 650/. ; the contribu- 
tions for Diocesan missions were gdfiOO ; and for Foreign ^lissions, ^.H,000. For 

^toccsus of ^nJario, ©ttcbcc, & ^u'^ppcHc. 267 

patochial o^ccts at least g]JO,IMO, or 30,0001., bare been coiitribatcd in tlic 
Diocese during tfac year 18S6. In 27 parishes oro cnclowmeats, fot tbc most part 
small (with three ot fonr exceptions), the aveiage iocomD at the Clergy being about 
JfSOO, or 1601. per annnin. 

Beligioni EdnMUoiL^Bvcry Clcrgj'nuui him a Sncday School — perhaps t«'o; but 
from the total exclmiOD of all religious teaching from the public schoola, and tlie 
physical difficulties in great rural diatiicts, any regular instruction of the youDg in 
Church principles is impossible. Tlicrc in no Theological College in Ibc Diocese, 
ivhicli depen<ls for its supply cliiefly on Trinity College, Toronto (of which University 
tlie Bishop of Ontario is the Presiilcnt), BLsliop'^ College, Lennoxville, and ^t. Ai^us- 
lina's, Canterbury. 

Meadi — The members of the Chnrch are only a somll minority of the population, 
nnd Bie relatively poor. Tlic wealth of the cities is in the hands of sectiuiana ; and 
tlie onions recently formeil, both between the irarious PreBbytctian bodiea and tbo 
Jlethodists, have brought tlic Church of England face to face with two powerful 
antagomstic organisations. It tbo Church is to grow, there should be three times the 
number of Clergymen at work, nnd alt the stmying and deserted sheep of the fold 
should be looked after. Of lat« years many of the best Church formers have nold or 
let their buildings and lanil, nnd gone to the new and promising fields of the North- 
West. Their successora arc for the most part poor, and without any interest in the 
('hurch, a large proportion being Boman CalholiCH from the Province of Quebec 
From these causes, added to the univcrNal intermarriage with BectariHni>, the strngglc 
to maintain the Churrli is severe and unceasing, nnd dcforve* the sympathy of the 
Church at home. T. Hedford-Jonbo, I.h.T),, Archdeeeon of Kinggtrnt. 

Kliig*l<>u,!<cpt. », IfSe. 

a«It«ral DMOriptian. — This Diocese was founded in 1793, and has 
B population of 660.000, of whom COO.OOO are French. Those living 
on the coast are fishennen; those in the district between the Ht. 
I^wrence luid tho United States border are engaged in agriculture. 
Timber is exported from Quebec ; Sherbrooke is tbc capital of the 
agricultural district, and has also w>me beginnings of manufacture. 
There ie lit tie immigration— more leave the country than come to It. 
Chuioh Work.^The number of Chnrch members is 26,760 ; 
of communicants 4,309. There are 72 consecrated churdies and 39 
mission stations, and E7 Clcrgj-. The number ol persons confirmed 
in the year 1885 was 492 ; and there were 5 ordinations. 
Sdneation,— There ave i!0 day nnd 81 ttunday schools, wilb S,S27 Kcholars. 
Finane*.— The amount raised in the Uiocese in 1884 was 11,897'. 
Tndnlng Callage.— The University of Itishop'!) College, at Lennoxville, belongs 
eqnally to this Uiocese and to Montreal. The salary of professors in 1884 was 1,100?., 
and the exhibitions given to students of this Diocese 240Z. 

■Mdi,~SIoncy is needed for missionaries among the isolated familiea, whose 
tendency is to become abaorbed in tlie lloman Catholic population ; and also for 
ailequato endowment of theological professorships. J. W. QCBBEO. 

Quebec, ISSe. 

JtL Oeneral SssGription. — This Diocese wa^ fonnded in 1884, nnd 

f^k eonlnius an area of 9«i,000 9(|uarc miles, with a population of about 

JWy^-^ 40,000. It was formed oat of the Dioccsca of Rupert's Land and 
Saskatclien-an, and is bounded on the oast by Manitoba (the present 
Dioceae of Rupert's Land), on tho north and west by the Diocese of 
_ _ Saskatchewan, and on the south by the United Slates. It Ls 

<^t!H^;t| entirely agricultural. Immigration into this district l)cgan about 
i*l^Hl'l| three years ago. 

'»»1B>*''I Chnreh Work.— In June 1684 there were 3 1'riesta and 1 Deacon; 

U^Blli^ there are now 10 Priests and 3 Dencona. Of buildings, there were 

^^^^ at the same time 2 schoolrooms osed as churches, and 2 parsonages. 

There are now, in addition to these. 2 consecrated churches, as well as Oiie ^i\\isft 

268 dioceses of ^n'^ppelle anb '^. Queensland. 

of a church sufficient for the present requirements of the place, and 2 more small 
houses for the Clergy. Five more churches are nearlj completed, and will be 
consecrated before the winter. Wc have hardly had time yet to ascertain with any 
accuracy the number of members of our Church. 

Finance.— Tlic S.r.G. granted 800/. for the maintenance of Clergy in 1886 ; and 
has promised 400/. a year for the income of the Bishop till 10,000/. is raised for the 
endowment, such grants to lapse at the end of 1889 if the endowment is not then 
raised. Towards this capital sum the S.P.O. have granted 1,000/., and the Colonial 
IJishoprirs F\uu\ auti tlw S.I'.CK. i>,«XH>/. eacli ; 4,000/. is still rcquire<i. During this 
year :i,<MX)/. have l)eon nii'«Ml in Kn^^land for tlic cst.'^blishmont of a (-hurch Farm at 
Qa Appolic, tho objcr.ts of which an», (1) A tcmponiry home and place of preparation 
in the aixriciilturc of the countrj' for young settlers ; (2) A college for candidates for 
lioly Orders, who are willing to work with their hands to earn their own living ; (3) 
To give employment to men who in a * brotherhood of labour ' may be willing to 
help forward tlie work of the Clmrch by tho devotion of their lives and the labour of 
their han<ls. A school for tlic sons of settlers has also boon opened in oonncction 
with this institution. A. J. R. Qu'Appkllb. 



JIf General Beieription.— This Diocese was founded in 1878, being 

^||^ taken out of the original metropolitan Diocese of Sydney. It 

fljw^^ includes the northern half of Queensland, extending from Cape 
•'^^JP'*^''** Talmerston to Cape York, and from the coast to the eastern 

boundary' of the South Australian northern territory, and contains 
about 250,000 square miles, with a seaboard of 1 ,600 miles. The 
population is altogether British, for the aborigines are few and 
far scattered, and recent restrictive laws are rapidly reducing 
the number of Chinese and Polynesians. Immigrants receive free 
or assisted passages, and are brought by the Queensland mail 
steamers at tho mtc of a thousand a month. In addition to 
ordinary trade the colony has vast mineral resources — gold, silver, 
tin, lead, copper, .and coal. The coast-land is favourable for sugar-growing; the 
grassy plains of the interior arc occupied by scjuatters, who have large cattle or 
sheep runs. The exportation of frozen meat, tallow, and hides is becoming an 
important industry. The climate is healthy ; high table-land is reached only thirty 
miles from the coast, and, though within the tropics, enjoys a clear, dry atmosphere*; 
the nights are always cool, and usually cold. Information respecting the oolohy will 
be found in the * Handbook for Emigrants to Queensland,' and * Historical Sketches 
of Australia,' published by the S.P.C.K. 

Chnrch Work. — About half of the population accept and support Church minis- 
trations. There are 18 Clergy, towards whose stipends their parishes contributed 
4,680/. in 1885. An endowment exists for the employment of one or two mission 
Clergy, and a Cathedral building fund and a constitution for a Cathedral Chapt^^r 
have been formed. A Diocesan Synod was formal in 1883, and Church work was 
then placed on the constitutional basis common to Australian Dioceses. 

Xdneation. — The State provides free and compulsory secular education, and in 
Kirgc towns supports grammar schools. The Sunday schools have some 1,800 cliildren 
in attendance. 

Finance. — No State aid of any kind is given for religion. Kach parish manages its 
own financial affairs. The Diocese has fun<ls for Church extension and endowment, 
for snperannuate<l Clergry, and other purposes. Cleric-al incomes range from 200/. 
to 400/. The contributions last year for building Churches and Parsonages were 
2,250/. ; for support of the Clergy, 4,080/. ; and for Sunday Schools, 643/. 

Needs. — There is urgent need of a regular supply of well-trained energetic young 
Clergy. University men are much wanted, are well paid, and are esteemed by the 
people. A few students, who had matriculated at some University, or were qualified 
to matriculate at Sydney on their arrival, could be received. They would assist the 
paxochicd Clergy, and would receive instruction while reading for a degree. Articles 
of Church furniture and decoration are always acceptable, and so are standard 
theological works for a proposed clerical library. G. II. Nobth Queensland. 

6iabop9gatc, Tounsrille, QiieenBland : Jnly 13, 1886. 

S^ioccscs of Rangoon anb ^ivevina. 269 


General Descriptioxi — This Diocese was founded in 1877, being 
one of the two new Indian Dioceses founded after the death of 
Bishop Mil man, seventh Bishop of Calcutta. The Diocese of Win- 
f Chester subscribed 10,000/., which, with noble grants from the ' 
S.P.G. and S.P.C.K., and money from other sources, made an 
Endowment Fund of 25,000/., and to this the Government have 
attached a Senior Cbaplaincy. The first Bishop, the Right Rev. 
J. H. Titcomb, was consecrated on St. Thomases Day, 1877. Owing 
to a severe accident, he had to resign in 1882, much to the regret 
of Clergy and laity alike, and on May 1 of the same year the 
Right Itev. John Miller Strachan was consecrated in Lambeth 
to be his successor. The past year has been a most eventful one in the history of this 
young Diocese. By the annexation of Upper Burma the area, and perhaps the popula- 
tion, of the Diocese have been more than doubled. The estimated area is now over 
200,000 square miles, with a population of somewhere about six millions, consifiting 
of Europeans, Eurasians, Burmese, Chinese, natives of India, Karens, and other hill 
tribes. The Andamans, the Kicobars, and the Cocos Islands form part of the Diocese. 
The Venerable G. F. t^opham Blyth, M.A., is the first Archdeacon of Rangoon. I 
hope to be able soon to appoint an Archdeacon of Mandalay, to help me in the north 
of the Diocese. 

Clmreh Work. — The disorganised state of the country has interfered much with, 
the steady work of the Church during the past year. Still, I have progress to report. 
The foundation stone of the new cathedral was laid by the Viceroy of India in Feb- 
ruary last ; the handsome church in East Rangoon is approaching completion ; the 
forsaken mission of Mandalay has been re-established ; and, above all, spiritual life 
seems to have been deepened in the members of some of the congregations. On the 
other hand it is to be regretted that the Andaman Mission, opened so hopefully only 
a year ago, has been closed for want of a suitable Missionary. 

With regard to future requirements, his Excellency the Viceroy has recom- 
mended that two additional Chaplains be added to our eccle2»iastical establishment, 
with one more as a temporary arrangement, and also that a grant of 500 rupees per 
mensem be made for the employment of additional clergymen in Upper Burma. The 
S.P.G. have made special efforts, and are sending three Missionaries for Upper Burma, 
one of whom is to be a Medical Missionary. 

Needi. — We ask for a constant interest in the prayers of the Church. We require 
a suitable Missionary for the hill tribes in the Arracan province ; we need funds for 
the new cathedral, and especially for the Additional Clergy Society ; and we should 
heartily welcome Sisters for an industrial home and for a boarding school. 

Bishop*! Court, Bangoon, Sept. 30, 1886. J. M. RANGOON. 


Urn General Deeeription.— This Diocese was founded in 1884. It 

^||^ contains about 70,000 square miles, and is bounded on the north 

^. 'i^H[^^ ^^^ cast by the Dioceses of Bathurst and Goulbum, on the west by 

*^^3P*i^^* South Australia, and on tlie south by the colony of Victoria. The 

country consists chiefly of vjist plains, on which millions of sheep are 
pastured. The towns are few and far bcLwcen, and the squatter^' 
stations arc separated by gieat distances. CioM, silver, and copper 
are worked in the northern parts, which are more hilly. The cli- 
mate is healthy and the atmosphere dry. 

Church Work. — The Clergy are 12 in number; they are .separated 
by great distances, one being 1 70 miles from any other, and several 
as much as 120 miles apart. The members of the Church number 
21,000. Missions to the aborigines are cjirried on at Warangesda and Malo^'a, the 
former under Church teaching. After his installation in March 1885, the Bishop 
travelled over 5,000 miles, holding Confirmations at 10 places, and confirming in all 
165 persons. 

Finance. — The Clergy are supported by voluntary contributions, collected locallv. 

270 piocescs of '^iocrtna anb "^upevVs S<'^nb. 

ami in K-me cases soi:-pkix:cntt.-d I-}' monejs collected for Diocesan purposes. Tlic 
som raised in the Di«xese la^t year wa.« 3,<S67. Great drongfats have caused vast 
losses in sheep, and have made travellics di*Ecolt, from want of food for horse,s. 
This ha^ of course les!«(-neil the ci>niribuiion# for Chnnrh purposes, and made them 
more difficult to obtain. 

Kaadi — The Chur\.-h ff F>.<:Iand must have great power for pond if only a snffi- 
r-ent supply of young, active, and eanicst trair.e«l Clorcjmen are forthcoming. If the 
< liurch c;in pre-^^ccupy pc'St- with pooil men ^he will h«.ild her o^ti, and her tfcr%'ict> 
w ill be prt-ferrcd to all ui!.«"-r^. Tlie town>pe»"»ple m:iiiily bvlonj? to the Church, thou *;]i 
many of the S'juattCT^ are rresbjtcriaiis. i^ydnfy Iln'Eluw 

Ui!>lviii*if l/.'llt-?. Hay : A'i?Ti*t 4. 1S*<. 


•••J A^ 

^A Geaeral Deteriptum. — This DiiKc>e wa^i fiiunde<l under I>etters 

^^ Tatont in 1S4'J, but uut of it have bei'U furniiNl the Piixx^ses of Moo« 

^B xmee, Saskatchen^-an. Atliabasca, McKenzic River, and Qu'Appelle. 

^^"^^^ It nuw >t retches fn»m the bounthiry of the l'niio<l States between 

:i4M) and 400 miles to the north, and from the western bonudarjof 

Manitolxi to within Gi) miles of Lake :>uperior, a distance of nearly 

(><j<) milt»(. The popuUtion is uncertain, being variously estimate<l 

at from $<»,<>«> t«» 125.00). Tlie immigration for the past three years, 

drawn on by the advancing Canadian I*acitic Ilailway, has ino6tly 

pa<<t.-d beyond Manitoba into what is now the Itiocese of Qu'Appelle, 

leading unfortunately the sparse settlements in Manitoba as weak as ever. This is 

a great agricultural countr}', and produces the finest wheat. 

Clmrcli Work.— The Church members form probably nearly one- fourth of the 
population ; there arc r>l Clergy, besides catechists for the Indian missions, and the 
Bishop also licenses a number of voluntary' Readers. There aro 45 churches, but they 
arc not all consecrated, and about 45 other mission stations, or places for service. 
Last year a1x)ut 300 jx^rsons were confirmed. 

Education. — There arc no Church common schools; all children attend the 
Government schools, which are ojiened and closed with forms of prayer and the 
reading of the Biblo, and in which there is religious teaching, including the Ijiml's 
I*rayer, Cree<l, an<l Comm€in<lments. In connection with St. John's College tliere i:< 
a Grammar School for boys, with 70 scholars, and a High School for girls, with 
nearly 60 scholars. Both these have a full staff of teachers. St. John's is one of 
the Colleges of the University of Manitoba, and its religious teadiing is in acconlanec 
mth the Church, though the University is undenominational. Tliere are about L*:i 
students in Arts, who rea<l for the ordinary or honour degree of B.A., and there is 
also a theological course, under the direction of a full staff of Professors, forming a 
Faculty of Theologj-. By this means students may take the B.D. degree, after 
passing the general University previous examination in classics and mathematics. 
Other students, who have been Indian catechists for a number of years, take a special 
course for ordination, and others are trained, in connection with the C.M.$. Indian 
missions, for catechists and schoolmasters. The Church gives its full support to the 
Government system of education, the Bishop of Rupert's Land being both Chancellor 
of the University of Manitoba, and Presiilcnt of the Board of Education for the 
Province of Manitoba. 

Eeeds. — In a young country, such as this is, the needs mu>t be great, and they 
arc greatly intensified for the present by the embarras>ments of many, and by the 
great depreciation in the value of land, caused by a violent reaction from the highly 
exaggerated prices of four years ago. The Parislies and Missions are all weak and 
straggling, and must be so for some years, the policy of the Government with regar<l 
to tho Canadian Pacific Ilailway in i)ushing it through to the Pacific, leading to a 
wide dispersion of immigrants over a line of 1,0<K) miles. At present most go beyond 
Manitoba to get free land, though if they had even snudl means they would do 
more wisely to buy land in Manitoba, which tliey could get at very trifling cost. 
Excellent land can be got at present within from six to twenty miles from Winnipeg, 
and near the railway, for 1/. to 21. 10^. an acre. There is very great need of helj) 
towards churches and parsonages, not to spr-ak of missionaries' salaries. A matter of 
vital moment is the strengthening and securing st. .Tohn'« Collpji^ro. There is a 

piocescs of gif. i&clcna on6 gf. gol^n's. 271 

debt of 12,0001. on the buil<lings belonging to itself anil tlie College School. Part of 
this debt is owing lo Bnbscriplions, in dependence on which the new College wiui 
erected, not being paid. The College ia in urgent need of another master on its etaS 
tor mathematics and nataral ncience, bnt tlie interest on the debt stands in the way. 
It woold bo greatly helped out of its difficnilics by the completion oE the Endowment 
Fund. The rasing of 4,000/. would entitle the College to l.OOOi. from the 8.P.C.K. 

Biihop's Conrt, Wijinlpre. Manituln : AtBO'l I.% 188G. It. RupEBT'B IiAND. 

Qaneral BsMription.— This Diocese was founded by Letters Paleiit 
(t;t. Helena 1>ei[ig a Crown colony) in ISuS, nnd comprises the islands 
of St. Helena (distant from Africa 1,200 miles, nnd from Brazil 1,800 
miles), Aeccnmon, and Tristan d'Acnnha, with a population of about 
li,400. Tlicnativcsot St. IIe1enn,withI1wcxcciitionof afewEngliMh 
families, h»vo sprung from the intonnlKlnre of imtlves of In<liri, 
Chinese, Malay,', and Africans, in Ihc days of slavery, with English 
setllcrs, soldiers, «iilors, and other Ennipcii'is. The j>eoplE of Tristan 
d'Acunha arc of mixed English and African hlood. Ascension has no 
native population, bat is inhabited by olHeers nnd men of the Royal 
Navy and Marines, with their fomilic!>. and by Kroomen,who i<ervc on board oursliips 
of war for a limited time, and then return to tlieir own country on the African coaM. 
They are tine men, superior in many res])ects to nil the other negroes of the coast. 
The Bcv, O. M. Sntton, the naval chaplain at Asceniiion, taVes a great interest in tliem. 
and has carefully instructed nnd baptized many. The trade of St. Helena dcpeniLi 
cm ships, homeward bound from the Ea.-if, calling here. Since the opening of the 
Sues Canal it has decreased so much that the people are now Tory poor, and unable 
to give salBcicnt support to the work of the Church, which is carried on with mnch 
ilifficulty, although the Diocese receives a liberal grant from the S.P.G. 

Chnreb Weifc^There ore about B.OOO Cborcb merabcru, of whom 330 are com- 
manicants. There arc 5 consecrated Churciies, with 2 misBton stations. But at 
present there arc only 3 Clergy in tiic DioC4.'se, thoui;h I am expecting one from 
England shortly. Two districts are vacant, and so great is our jioverty now, that I 
am compelled to uDile them, in onlcr to raise suflicient inonic for one clergyman. 
In Ht. Helena there are i Govcniraeut schools, 2 founde<l liy the St, Helena Benevo- 
lent Society, and 2 supported by the llussey Charity Kund for the edacalion of 
Africans : in all these religions instruction is given according to the doctrine of tlir 
Church of England. There arc T Sunday schools in St. Helena, 1 at Ascension, and 
ill Tristan d'Acunha there are ihiy nnd liunday schools. The voluntary oontribations in 
1B85 amounted to 360?,, which was dcvoteil entiroly lo support of clergy, Church ci- 
pcniies, and repairs. 

KMd*. — Our greatest need is a Diocesan Fund lo meet local contributions in Ihc 
case of each Clergyman who is insiifhcicntly supported. We arc quite unable to ntisi- 
Buch a fnnd, all that wo can coUeul bciog immediately eitpended in meeting pressing 
demands. X. p;, [^t. Helbsa. 

Cukliiuk, Bt. lU'lL'un : ies6. 


Oenaral D«MriptioD.~This IJioocso wa.- founded in 1873. It 
is divided from Satnl, on the nortli-eost, by the Uiuzimkulii and 
Umlamfana rivers, and from the olil colony on the south-west by 
the Kei river, and is boundeil on the north-west by the Drakcns'- 
berg mountains, and on llie soulh-caat by the ocean. Tlie area 
is rcckoncil at about 20,000 siiunrc miles. Tiic popuhitinn it is 
impossible to slate accurately, hut it is eslimnled at ^.V),Ot>0, 
comprising Europeans (about 3,000), KalUrs, Fliigoes, Hotten- 
tots, ilasutos, and Oriqnns, a mixed race of Dutch nnd Hotlun- 
tols. Tlic latter are found in the nciglibonriiood of Kokatad anil 
Clydesdale ; the Basutosin tJie extreme nortii-cast of the Diocese : 
Ihc Hottentots are sporadic. There are three Kurnpean tmrn- 
>hi|i.s— Urn lata, Kokstad. nnd Butterwnrth— and durln? thn Um 


272 dioceses of §(. ^ol^n's anb ^ashaiclteman. 

two years the whole of the upper plateau, lying immediately under the Drakensberg, 
has been surveyed and sold to English and Dutch farmers. 

The natives are on the whole of an intellectual type, being in particular able 
speakers. There are the conservative party and the party of progress among them, 
the former being opposed to Christianity, mainly through the fear that it will bring 
in European rule and habits, and the latter, to a certain extent, favourable to it, con- 
sidering it as involved in civilisation. The native trade is in wool, hides, horns, grain, 
und tobacco. Agriculture is advancing among the natives ; farming is carried on to 
a considerable extent. There is little or no immigration from home. 

Church Work.— The Diocese is divided into 12 parishes, or parochial districts, 
most of which contain a number of out-stations or chapelries. The Church members 
number about 9,000, of whom about 2,400 are communicants. The Clergy include 
the Bishop, Coadjutor-Bishop, 11 Priests (one native), and 8 Deacons (four natives). 
There are many native catechists and schoolmasters. 

Sducation. — The chief educational work is at Umtata, the Bishop s residence ; 
here is St. John's College, in which the Rev. W. M. Cameron trains candidates for 
Holy Orders, of whom at the present time there are six. In connection with this 
is a school for native boys, who pay 71. a year, and receive an ordinary education ; 
of these there are about 18, and as many apprentices, working at trades, as carpenters, 
smiths, waggonmakers, and shoemakers, besides one printer, who is learning his trade 
at the printing-press in the town. At St. Mark's in the south, and at Clyde^ale in the 
north, of the Diocese, there are small training institutions, and there are over 100 
day schools, mostly for natives, all of which receive aid from the Cape (Government. 

Needs. — A boarding school for girls is about to be started on a small scale. A 
brick or stone chancel is much needed for the iron pro-Cathedral. 

Bransby Key, Buhop-Coat^jvtor. 


■to General Beseriptlon. — This Diocese comprises the districts of 

JS^ Saskatchewan and Alberta in the North-West Territory of 

CX9 Canada, extending over 1,000 miles, from Lake Winnipeg on the 

'^'^JBl^^^ . east, to the Rocky Mountains on the west. Its millions of acres 

of fertile soil are so great an attraction to immigrants that new 
settlements are -rapidly forming, in which missionaries are 
needed to attend to the spiritual wants of the settlers. The 
Diocese also offers a very large and interesting field for mis- 
sionary work among the Indians, as it includes the great 
majority of the Canadian tribes, the Crees in the east and centre, 
and the Blackfeet and Assiniboines on the west. These are 
partly Christian, but the greater number are still heathen. 
Four Indian languages are spoken in the Diocese. English settlements have been 
formed at many points, chiefly at Prince Albert, Battleford, Edmonton, Calg^ary, and 
Fort Macleod. The recent deplorable rebellion has no doubt given a check to settle- 
ment, but this will only last for a time, if the measures taken for the preservation 
of peace in the future command public confidence. 

Church Work. — At Prince Albert, a rapidly growing town on the north branch of 
the Saskatchewan River, a college has been established, with three distinct depart- 
ments, one for training Indians in the grammar and composition of their own tongue, 
as well as in English, and the elements of theology, so as to enable them to act as 
missionaries among their countrymen ; the second affording a theological course for 
English and Canadian candidates for Holy Orders ; the thii-d, open to all the youth 
of the country, providing education in cia.ssic3, mathematics, and other subjects. 
Seven students (four of them Indians) have already been ordained from Emmanuel 
College. It has a career of great usefulness before it, if it be supported with sufficient 
liberality in this early stage of its history. A University of Saskatchewan has been 
established by Act of Parliament, of which the Bishop is Chancellor, and he is very 
anxious to hiave Emmanuel College so thoroughly equipped that it may not only 
continue to be an effective training school for missionaries, but also become a 
centre of higher education for the youth of the country. There are at present 21 
Clerry, of whom 11 are supported by the C.M.S., 7 by the S.P.G., 1 by the C. &C.S.S., 
and?from other sources. 

Piocescs (>f Saskatchewan atib ^fiftncg. 273 

This Diocese was the scene of the rebellion of 1885, and we are only beginning to 
recover from its disastrous effects; next year we shall, I hope, be in a better position. 
Some of onr Missions were entirely broken up by the rebellion, but are now being 

The Bishop has recently made a visitation of the Cumberland district of the 
Diocese, extending as far as Lake Winnipeg, 900 miles from Prince Albert. During 
its coarse he confirmed 233 candidates, consecrated 3 churchyanls, and ordained 2 
Indians, a deacon and a priest. It is worthy of note that throughout all this 
district there was perfect peace daring the late rebellion. 

Needs. — A small endowment is urgently required for the College. There is also 
great need for funds to meet the heavy expenses of episcopal visitation, the Bishop 
having to fit out a service of men, horses, and waggons for each journey. In August 
and September 1883 a visitation was performed, involving 2,200 miles of travel, at 
a cost of 200Z. J. Saskatchewan. 

Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Canada : September 8, 1886. 


Thb Diocese of Sydney is situated on the eastern coast of New 
South Wales, and measures about 200 miles from north to south, 
and 100 miles from east to west. It comprises but a small pc:rtion 
of the original Bishopric of Australia, which was formed in 1836, 
and included New Zealand and Tasmania, formerly a dependency 
of the Diocese of Calcutta. New Zealand was detached in 1841, 
and Tasmania in 1842. In 1847 the Diocese of Australia was again 
divided, the Sees of Sydney, Newcastle, Adelaide, and Melbourne 
being formed, and the Bishop of Australia was created, by letters 
patent. Bishop of Sydney, and Metropolitan of Australia and Tas- 
mania. The iSee has since been gprcatly reduced by the foundation 
of the Diocese of Goulbum in 1863, and of Bathursb in 1869. 

Chnrch Work. — There are 90 parishes, 71 consecrated churches, and 156 other build- 
ings used for Divine service ; 1 38 Clergymen, 113 being curates and Clergymen licensed 
to cores, and 25 being Clergymen licensed without cures. The members of the Church 
of England are estimated at 160.000, the communicants at 8,074 ; there is church 
accommodation for 40,159, and an average attendance of 31,960. In 1885-6 there 
were 8 ordinations— 6 Deacons and 2 Priests— 6,105 baptisms, 1 ,560 marriages, and 
1,161 burials, and 969 persons were confirmed. 

Education. — In consequence of the withdrawal of the aid hitherto received from 
the State, all the denominational schools, except 10, have been closed. All the parishes 
have Sunday schools; the total number of scholars is 19,110, the average attendance 
13,177, and there are 1,628 teachers. 

Colleges, — St. Paul's College, Sydney, is affiliated to the University of Sydney. 
There are two scholarships of 25Z., one of 30/., and two of 'iOl. for resident students 
desirous of taking Holy Orders ; and several prizes for the students who show the 
greatest proficiency in the examinations in Divinity, and in the doctrines and history 
of the Church. 

Moore College at Livrrjwol. — This college, which is theological, was founded in 
1856, and has since that time been the means of educating about 150 candidates for 
the ministry of the Church of England, nearly all of whom are now working in the 
Australian Colonies. Bursaries are greatly needed for promising men who have not 
sufficient means to maintain them during their college course. There are two 
scholarships of 50/. and several prizes for students who are successful in the final 

The King's School at Paramatta was founded in 18H2 for the purpose of supplying 
a high-class classical and mathematical education to the young men of the Colony, 
especially to those of the Church of England. It is conducted by a Clcrjrynian of 
the Church of England, aided by competent masters. There are two exhibitions, the 
holders of which must proceed to Oxford or Cambridge ; and two for sons of Clergj-- 
men, of the annual value of 30/., and one of 25/