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Honolulu, Hawaii 
Published by the Board 

t>'7 i 94 


In 1836 "A Vocabulary of Words in the Hawaiian 
Language" was published by Lorrin Andrews. The evident 
usefulness of this list of about 6000 words led its author 
to prepare "A Dictionary of the Hawaiian Language" 
which was issued in 1865. 

Andrews' dictionary had long been out of print and in- 
creasing interest in Polynesian linguistic studies, the need 
of an authoritative reference book for the spelling, pro- 
nunciation, and definition of Hawaiian words, led to ar- 
rangements for the preparation of a new Hawaiian dic- 
tionary under the direction of the Board of Commissioners 
of Public Archives. A legislative act of 1913 made pro- 
vision for "compiling, printing, binding, and publishing in 
book form a dictionary of the Hawaiian language" in 
which was to be given "the correct pronunciation of the 
ancient and modern Hawaiian words and phrases and their 
respective equivalents or meanings in the English language." 

As a necessary step in the preparation of a dictionary 
the Board of Archives transcribed all the words appearing 
in Andrews' Dictionary. These totaled about 15,000 type- 
written cards. 

Following this preliminary work consideration was 
given to the selection of a compiler on whom might be 
placed the responsibility for preparing the desired manu- 
script. Rev. Henry Hodges Parker was chosen and finan- 
cial arrangements made whereby he was released from 
other obligations for the five years following the date of 
appointment, January 1, 1915. The outstanding features 
of the work performed by Mr. Parker are : the incorpora- 
tion into the cards prepared by the Board of Archives of the 
extremely valuable revised definitions prepared by the dis- 



tinguished Hawaiian scholar, Lorenzo Lyons (1807-1886) 
into the body of the original Andrews Dictionary, the revision 
of many definitions, the time-consuming task of supplying 
diacritical marks, the comparison of word lists from various 
sources (see pp. vi and vii). Particular effort was made to 
insure correct separation into syllables of the words defined, 
and to insure correct spelHng of Hawaiian words, phrases and 

Early in 1921 the manuscript cards were transmitted 
by the Board of Archives to the Bishop Museum, which 
consented to do the editorial work necessary to prepare 
the volume for the press. The Museum staff verified many 
scientific terms, compiled a list of Hawaiian geographic 
terms, and with the assistance of J. S. Emerson, Stephen 
Mahaulu, and other Hawaiian scholars, added a few words 
and enlarged and clarified many definitions. Galley proof 
has been read by Mr. Parker. 

The Board is under obligation to the Bishop Museum 
for skilled assistance and for financial aid which has per- 
mitted the publication of the dictionary without further 
drafts on Territorial funds. 

Board of Commissioners of Public Archives. 
September 1, 1922. 




Preface iii 

Introduction vi 

Introductory remarks by Henry H. Parker vi 

Preface to the original edition, by Lorrin Andrews, 1865 vii 

Introduction to the original edition, by W. D. Andrews x 

Key to abbreviations xviii 

Guide to pronunciation xix 

Diacritical marks used xix 

The Hawaiian alphabet xix 

Miscellaneous rules for pronunciation xx 

A dictionary of the Hawaiian language 21 

Hawaiian place names 625 



An act providing for the compilation and publication of a dictionary 
of the Hawaiian language passed by the Legislature in 1913 says: "In 
such dictionary there shall be given the correct pronunciation of the 
ancient and modern Hawaiian words and phrases and their respective 
equivalents or meanings in the English language." 

Taking Judge Lorrin Andrews' Dictionary as a basis for the new 
work, the compilation of such existing materials as are found in it is 
completed. Andrews' Hawaiian Dictionary is the only work of its kind 
In the Hawaiian language; it registers more than 15,000 words. A re- 
vision or review of this work is accomplished. Each word has been 
rewritten twice, first in its entirety and again in its syllabic parts. 

Most scriptural references have been omitted in this review since 
alterations made in the text of later editions of the Hawaiian Bible 
make these references unserviceable. A list of words taken from foreign 
languages, and the English-Hawaiian vocabulary found in Andrews' Dic- 
tionary are also omitted. Hawaiianized words derived from foreign 
speech have their place in the main body of the work. All words and 
definitions registered in Andrews' vocabulary are embodied in this 
new dictionary excepting such words and definitions as conflict with 

An interleaved volume of Andrew's work with notes and criticisms 
by the late Rev. Lorenzo Lyons has been used to advantage. A few 
old letters written by Hawaiians have been accessible and have added 
to the list of words. Ancient Hawaiians knew their mother tongue well. 
An old native tells a story about Kamehameha which was told him by 
his father and that story-telling reveals the use of a word heretofore 
inexplicable even to a modern native scholar. 

A mass of unclassified material ;has been used: manuscript from the 
Catholic Mission in Honolulu dating as far back as the days of Bishop 
Maigret; manuscript from the Hawaiian Board of Missions, courtesy of 
the Rev. W. D. Westervelt; a "Lexicon of the Hawaiian Tongue taken 
from the Apograph of Hiram Bingham," dated July 4, 1832; and a brief 
list of Hawaiian words with their definitions in the handwriting of the 
late Rev. W. P. Alexander. 

A valuable contribution to this work is made by Mr. W. F. Wilson 
of Honolulu in words listed by himself. Additions have been made 
from Dr. William T. Brigham's Ka Hana Kapa; Dr. N. B. Emerson's 
translation of Pele and Hiiaka; and Ellis' Tour Through Hawaii. From 
Mrs. Irene li Holloway has come literature on the indigenous plants 
of Hawaii. Through the kindly office of Mr. J. S. Emerson a copy of 
William's Maori Dictionary is at hand which reveals a remarkable sim- 
ilarity in the structure of many Hawaiian and Maori words. 

Sincere gratitude is due and here expressed to those who have 
exhibited a friendly concern in the work; to Dr. William T. Brigham and 
Mr. Thomas G. Thrum of the Bishop Museum staff for various helpful 
suggestions and criticisms; to Mr. Robert C. Lydecker, Librarian of the 
Public Archives, and his clerks for information in their possession; to 



Mr. W. F. Wilson for his carefully prepared lists of unenrolled words; to 
Messrs. Edward K. Alapai and Daniel Damien, scholars of the old 
Lahainaluna class, for assistance rendered in a clearer translation of ob- 
scure words and phrases. 

Perfection is not claimed for this work. Few are able to appreciate 
the amount of labor or the length of time required to complete a work 
of this sort. 


It w^as the intention of the author of this volume to make some 
extended remarks concerning the character, peculiarities and extent of 
the Hawaiian language, by way of preface or introduction; the want of 
physical strength, and especially of mental energy, has induced him to 
forego such an attempt and be contented with a mere history of the 
manner in which this dictionary has come into existence. The history 
of Hawaiian lexicography is short. For the first effort the author will 
quote from the preface of "A Vocabulary of Words in the Hawaiian 
Language" as follows: 

"At a general meeting of the Mission in June, 1834, it was voted, 
'That Mr. Andrews prepare a Vocabulary of the Hawaiian Language.' 
At the same time a wish was earnestly expressed and often repeated 
that the work should not be delayed, but should be printed as soon as 
possible; and it was fully understood and expected that the work would 
necessarily be an imperfect one. 

"On receiving the above appointment from the Mission, the compiler 
set about a review of his materials for the compilation of a vocabulary. 
The materials at hand and from which the following work has been 
compiled were the following: 

"1. A vocabulary of words collected mostly, it is believed, by Mr. 
Loomis, formerly a member of this Mission. This was transcribed by 
the compiler on his voyage from the United States, and put to use in 

1828. In using it, his object was to insert every new word which he 
saw in print or understood in conversation or could obtain in any other 
way, besides correcting such mistakes as had been made in transcribing 
from the copy of Mr. Loomis. It was also a point with him to insert, 
if possible, the authority. Owing, however, to his ignorance of the lan- 
guage at the time, many mistakes were made both in the orthography 
of the words and in his definitions. 

"2. A vocabulary of words arranged, it is believed, in part by Mr. 
Ely, at the request of the Mission, and finished by Mr. Bishop. A copy 
of this was received and transcribed by the compiler in the summer of 

1829. Every other page was left blank for the insertion of new words, 
and for any such other corrections or additions as should be important. 
In using this manuscript, the same method was taken as with the vocab- 
ulary of Mr. Loomis. New words and new definitions of words before 
collected, increased the size of the book to a considerable extent. 

"On the slightest review of these irregular masses of materials, it was 
manifest that the labor of a thorough examination of every word, either 
by consulting intelligent natives or by examining the usus loquemli from 
such manuscripts as could be obtained, or from the books that had been 
printed, must necessarily be a very protracted labor — the labor of some 
years at least. In consideration, therefore, of the urgent desire that 
something should be commenced in the form of a vocabulary, and that 
a work having any pretensions to perfection must be slow in its prog- 



ress, and protracted in its completion — and as the compiler was bur- 
dened with labors of another kind — he judged it best to reduce the ma- 
terials he had on hand to order in the best manner his time would 
permit. He has done so, without looking for any new words or extend- 
ing the definitions of such as were collected, or consulting any native 
with regard to the propriety or impropriety of any definition. He feels 
it his duty, therefore, to forewarn those who may consult the following 
Vocabulary that they will often be disappointed. It is by no means a 
perfect vocabulary of the Hawaiian language." 

Such is the history of the vocabulary. The printing was commenced 
at Honolulu in 1835, but finished at the press of the then high school 
at Lahainaluna and published early in 1836. It consisted of 132 pages 
octavo, and contained a little over 6,000 words, and has been the prin- 
cipal vocabulary in use until the present time. 

As soon as the aforementioned vocabulary was published, the authoi 
had several copies bound with blank leaves for making corrections and 
inserting new words, and continued his reading of Hawaiian documents 
both printed and written — giving the preference in all cases to such as 
were written by chiefs to other chiefs, and such as were written by one 
intelligent Hawaiian to another. As many of these written documents 
were never printed and were ephemeral in their nature, no reference 
could be made to them except by quoting a short sentence containing 
the word in question. No works of foreigners writing Hawaiian have 
been referred to except a very few school books, such as the Anahonua 
(Surveying); the Anatomia, a short treatise on Anatomy by Dr. Judd; 
Hoikehonua (Geography), and a few others. The translation of the 
Bible, however, from the great care exercised in translating — the fre- 
quent and thorough views by parties distinct from the original trans- 
lators — and in all cases with Hawaiians sitting by and assisting, who 
were distinguished for intelligence and skill in their own language — is 
the principal exception. That has been considered and treated as a 
classic, and numerous references have been made to it accordingly. It 
may be remarked, however, that as the Hawaiian Bible has been under 
a revision for two or three years past, and is now being printed in the 
United States, some of the references in the Dictionary may not apply 
to this new edition of the Bible. With these exceptions, the authorities 
for the definitions of words, so far as the author is concerned, have 
been drawn from manuscripts written by Hawaiians or from printed 
pages originally written by such. The author has ever sought after the 
best and purest Hawaiian he could obtain, as he has had no use for the 
low filthy, vulgar language of ignorant and sensual depravity that must 
ever exist where there is no purifying principle to counteract it, his book 
may appear deficient in low terms, too common even now. A good 
many, it is to be feared, have crept in unawares along with better com- 
pany; but they have never been sought after. 

Besides two interleaved volumes filled up by the author himself, he 
has been permitted to draw from the following sources: 

1. From a manuscript of Dr. Baldwin of Lahaina. This manuscript 
was especially useful, not so much for definitions fully written out, as 
for its suggestions of what might be and what should be further inves- 
tigated. In noting down the ideas that appeared to belong to the word 
under review, he appears to have had a shrewd Hawaiian at his elbow. 



Some of his definitions have been copied in full; most of them are added 
to those of the author. Hence this general acknowledgment is all that 
can appear in the work. 

2. Mr. Richards' book. This was a printed volume of the Vocabulary 
bound up like the author's with blank leaves. In his missionary work, 
and especially after he became a teacher for the chiefs, Mr. Richards 
obtained quite a stock of new words; but it is to be regretted that his 
engagements did not allow him time to define them well. He frequently 
obtained a new word, but in&tead of giving a radical definition, merely 
mentioned that the princess or Hoapili or some other chief used the 
word, apparently meaning so and so, leaving it to the author to find 
out as best he could the real meaning of the word. It was, however, of 
considerable help to the author. 

3. The volume of Rev. A. Bishop has also rendered assistance to 
the author. Having a blank interleaved book, he corrected or improved 
many definitions of the printed Vocabulary, and also added upwards 
of 200 new words. 

4. The author is also indebted to Dr. Judd in the same way, that is, 
by allowing the author the use of his interleaved Vocabulary. Besides 
his work on Anatomy into which he introduced the Hawaiian names of 
the bones, muscles, and ligaments of the human system, he has collected 
in his Vocabulary a number of colloquial words. 

5. The Vocabulary of S. M. Kamakau. This was designed to be a 
vocabulary of Hawaiian words with Hawaiian definitions. This work 
was commenced and carried on by Mr. Kamakau through the instigation, 
if not the expense of the Rev. J. S. Emerson while Professor at the 
Seminary of Lahainaluna. Its value as a vocabulary is diminished, not 
for want of information, but for want of skill in making definitions. 
Instead of giving a definition in other words, he merely added the 
synonyms of the word in question. The work, however, was of value to 
the author, for these synonyms increased the number of words which 
finally found their way into the Dictionary. For all these helps, the 
author desires to make due acknowledgment. 

Still there has been ample room for the exercise of the author's own 
judgment. The different departments in which he has been called to 
act, as that of a missionary, a teacher in the Seminary at Lahainaluna, 
a magistrate in the different courts of the Kingdom and Secretary of the 
Privy Council, in all of which the Hawaiian language was used, have 
brought before him a great variety of forms of speech, and perhaps 
also, a greater variety of the senses in which many words are used 
than could have been obtained had he been confined to any one depart- 
ment. But after all, as he reviews his Dictionary, he feels that he has 
nothing to boast of. The deficiencies are still great. Much will remain 
for the author's successors to do before the genius, extent, and peculiar- 
ities of the Hawaiian language will be fully developed. 

There are several fields of thought which are but feebly represented 
in this Dictionary, as: imaginative words used in the kaaos or legends; 
those which may be termed their philosophical views, that is, their mode 
of accounting for natural phenomena, as the creation of their islands; 
the origin of their religious rites; and especially the power of imagina- 
tion displayed in their meles and the consequent richness of their lan- 
guage for expressing the nicest shades of love, hatred, jealousy and 



revenge, and the language used by the priests when calling on their 
gods for assistance. The legend of Laieikawai is almost the only speci- 
men of Hawaiian romantic language which has been laid before the 
public. Many fine specimens have been printed in the Hawaiian period- 
icals, but are neither seen nor regarded by the foreign community. 
Volumes of the same quality as Laieikawai might be collected and 
printed. Their moral influence would be no worse on Hawaiian minds 
than the famous Scott's novels are on English readers. The study of 
these romances would demonstrate that the Hawaiians possessed a lan- 
guage not only adapted to their former necessities, but capable of being 
used in introducing the arts of civilized society, and especially of pure 
morals, of law, and the religion of the Bible. 

The number of words in this Dictionary is about 15,500. The author 
would here state that four-fifths of the work was completed before he 
had any intimation that it would ever be printed. It was written solely 
for his own amusement and information, and preparatory to a fuller 
investigation of the language. He has been desirous for many years 
of going more fully into the study of Hawaiian poetry, and as a prepar- 
ation to it he was induced to collect specimens of the language of com- 
mon life; hence the origin of this dictionary. An appropriation of 
money for a dictionary which passed the Legislature of 1860 without 
his knowledge, was the first intimation the author had that such a 
work was desired by the foreign community of the islands. 

Much praise is due to the Advertiser for the correctness of the 
printing. Seldom is a book of this size printed with so few typographical 
errors. The public will also feel indebted to Professor Alexander for 
assiduous attention not only in one reading of each proof sheet, but 
in suggesting improvements in the language of definitions. The work 
is now submitted to a candid public. The author hopes and prays that 
as God has spared his life to bring it to a close. He will in some way 
make it useful to the increase of intelligence in this Hawaiian Kingdom. 


The Hawaiian is but a dialect of the great Polynesian language, 
which is s.poken with extraordinary uniformity over all the numerous 
islands of the Pacific Ocean betw^een New Zealand and Hawaii. Agam, 
the Polynesian language is but one member of that wide-spread family 
of languages, known as the Malayo-Polynesian or Oceanic family, which 
extends from Madagascar to the Hawaiian islands, and from New 
Zealand to Formosa. 

The Hawaiian dialect is peculiarly interesting to the philologist 
from its isolated positon, being the most remote of the family from 
its primeval seat in Southeastern Asia, and leading as it were the van 
while the Malagasy brings up the rear. We will first give a brief 
account of what has been done for these languages, chiefly by Euro- 
pean scholars. 

The similarity of the Polynesian dialects is s.o striking that it did 
not escape the notice of the first discoverers in this ocean. Dr. Rein- 
hold Forster, the celebrated naturalist of Captain Cook's second voyage, 


drew up a table containing forty-seven words taken from eleven Oceanic 
dialects, and the corresponding terms in Malay, Mexican, Peruvian, and 
Chilian. From this, table he inferred that the Polynesian languages 
afford many analogies with the Malay, while they present no point of 
contact with the Amerindian languages. After him Mr. Anderson, in a 
comparative table, which was published at the end of Cook's third 
voyage, drew attention to the striking resemblance of the Polynesian 
numerals to those of the Malay archipelago and Madagascar. 

According to Max Muller, it was Abbe Lorenzo Hervas who first 
made what he calls "one of the mos.t brilliant discoveries in the history 
of the science of language, the establishment of the Malay and Poly- 
nesian family of speech, extending from the island of Madagascar over 
208 degrees of longitude to Easter Island," etc. From what has been 
said, however, it is evident that the credit of this discovery is really 
due to Forster and Anderson. Hervas was a Spanish Jesuit, who spent 
several years as a missionary in South America, where his attention 
was drawn to the comparative study of languages. After his return 
to Europe, he lived chiefly at Rome, where his correspondence with 
Jesuit missionaries in all parts of the world gave him great assistance 
in his philological researches. In his "Catalogue of Languages," pub- 
lished in the year 1800, he clearly stated this relationship, which it was 
reserved for a Humboldt to demonstrate. 

A few years later William Maraden, who was the first to investigate 
with accuracy the history of the East Indian archipelago, arrived in- 
dependently at the same conclusion. He considered all the insular 
nations as colonies from the Malays, whose original home was the 
island of Sumatra, and their common speech he termed the Great 

John Crawford, in his great work on the East Indian archipelago, 
publisJied in 1820, in which he gave a valuable comparative vocabulary, 
advanced a very different theory, which has occasioned a great deal of 
discussion, and is not without its advocates even at the present day. 
He supposed that the basis of each barbarous language was originally 
distinct, each tribe being a distinct race, and properly indigenous. The 
common words, in each dialect he supposed to have been derived from 
a foreign langauge, which he calls the Great Polynesian, and which 
was spread, as he imagined, by a more civilized people, through con- 
quest and commercial intercourse, over the whole archipelago. On this 
subject we briefly remark that his theory affords no explanation of 
the dispersion of the Polynesian race over the islands of the Pacific 
Ocean. Besides we have good reasx)n to believe that whatever superior- 
ity in civilization is enjoyed by the East Indian islanders, was derived 
by them from continental India, long after the dispersion of the insular 
races from their common center, and not from his imaginary Great 
Polynesian. Again, the words which are common to all these languages 
are such as are least likely to have been borrowed by one race from an- 
other, as the pronouns, the numerals, the names of family relations, of 
parts of the body, of the great objects of nature, and all the simplest ideas 
of everyday life. The Saxons, for example, learned to use many Nor- 
man-French words, but most of their household words remained Sax- 


on. So did their numerals, so did their pronouns, and so in the high- 
est degree did their grammar. 

Dumont d'Urville's report on the Philology of the French Exploring 
Expedition, during the years 1825-1829, published in 1833, reflects great 
credit on its author. Besides other valuable materials, it contains a 
comparative vocabulary of seven Oceanic languages, comprising over 
800 words in the Madagascar, New Zealand, Tongan, Tahitian, Hawaiian 
and Malay languages. 

In the able essay which accompanied it, he drew attention to the 
fact that a class of words common to the Malagasy and the Polynesian 
are wanting in the Malay; which confirmed, as he justly thought, 
Forster's opinion that "all these languages were derived from one very 
ancient tongue, now lost," which held towards them all the relation of 
a common parent, the Polynesian having remained nearest to the origi- 
nal type, while the Malay has been greatly modified by the influence 
of the Sanscrit, and the Malagasy by the African and Arabic languages. 
M. d'Urville then goes on to advance an ingenious hypothesis, which, 
however, will not s.tand the test of examination, that a continent like 
Australia, or at leas.t an archipelago, once occupied part of Polynesia, 
inhabited by a people of whom the Polynesian tribes are but the rem- 
nant that have survived some great convulsion of the globe. In that 
case the Malays would have been but colonists from the supposed 
Polynesian continent, who had followed the general course of the trade 

The earliest really scientific analysis of the structure of a Poly- 
nesian language, with which we are acquainted, is the work on the 
Hawaiian language published at Berlin in 1837, by Adelbert von Cha- 
misso, the poet, who had been the naturalist of the Russian Exploring 
Expedition, under Kotzebue, in the years 1815 to 1818. It is a work 
of rare ability, considering the meager materials which the author had 
at his command. In the year 1838 appeared a work by Baron William 
von Humboldt, the distinguished statesman and scholar, which marked 
a new era in the history of the science of language, and which first 
fixed on an impregnable basis the relationship of the Malayo-Polynesian 
languages. This great work "On the Kawi Language in the Island of 
Java," which was edited after the author's death by his friend and 
assistant, M. Buschmann, has ever since been regarded as a model and 
masterpiece of philological research. In the words of Professor De Vere, 
"the Kawi served him as a canvas on which to weave those truths 
and that wisdom, which have placed his name in universal comparative 
philology by the side of that of Leibnitz." 

In this work, which occupies three quarto volumes, he first lays 
down the fundamental principles which govern the development of 
language, and show the influence of the structure of language on the 
intellectual development of races. He then institutes a most minute 
and searching examination of the nine principal languages of the Malay 
stock: the Malagasy, Malay, Javanese, Bughis, Tagala, New Zealand, 
Tongan, Tahitian and Hawaiian, analyzing the structure of their roots, 
and investigating the laws of derivation and euphony, in accordance 
with which the common stock of words is modified in each dialect. He 
next proceeds to make a most careful and elaborate analysis of the 


grammatical structure, the particles and formatives of each language, 
after which he makes a comparison of the numerals, and pf 131 prim- 
itive words in all the nine languages mentioned above. The result of 
this extensive and laborious analysis is to prove that there is not only 
a fundamental and close affinity between these languages in respect 
to their vocabulary, but that their construction is so similar that they 
may be considered as belonging to one and the same grammatical 
system, and pervaded by the same modes of thought. Humboldt also 
showed that the Tagala, the leading language of the Philippine Islands, 
is by far the richest and most perfect of these languages, and that it 
may even be considered as the type of the family. "It possesses," he 
said, "all the forms collectively of which particular ones are found 
singly in other dialects; and it has preserved them all with very 
trifling exceptions unbroken, and in entire harmony and symmetry. 
* * * It was necessary, in order to display the highest perfection of 
which the organism of this stock of languages is capable, to exhibit the 
system of verbs in the Tagala." 

The. languages of the Oceanic region have been divided into six 
great groups: 1, the Polynesian; 2, the Micronesian; 3, the Melanesian 
or Papuan; 4, the Australian; 5, the Malaysian, and 6, the Malagasy, 
as the language of Madagascar is called. In regard to these different 
groups our limits will not allow us to go into any details. Suffice it 
to say of the Australians that their languages appear to be radically 
distinct from the Malayo-Polynesian family, though they have left some 
traces of former contact on the dialects of the small islands west of 
New Guinea. The Melanesian or Papuan languages present but very 
slight points of resemblance to the Malay or Polynesian, and differ 
greatly among themselves. If, as is generally supposed, the black race 
were the first settlers in the Pacific, the wave of immigration which 
peopled Polynesia must have swept around them to the north, and at 
a later period the Micronesians may have moved in and closed up the 

Of the languages of Malaysia, those of the Moluccas approach the 
nearest to Polynesian. Those islands then may be considered as the 
probable starting point of the ancient ' Polynesian emigrants. The 
languages of Micronesia unmistakably belong to the great Malay family, 
and in their grammatical structure resemble the East Indian languages 
more than the Polynesian. 

The remarkable fact that the language of Madagascar belongs to 
this great family was first established by William Humboldt in his 
great work on the Kawi language. The Malagasy has no resemblance 
to the South African languages. In its grammatical structure it ap- 
proaches nearest to the Tagala, but it contains several Polynesian words 
which are wanting in the intervening Malay languages. The first ten 
numerals in Malagasy are "Rec or isa, rua, telu, efat, dimi, enim, fitu, 
valu, sivi, fulu." In Malay they are "Satu, dua, tiga, ampat, lima, anam, 
tujuh, delapan or walu, sambilan, sa-puluh." The original Polynesian 
forms are "Tasi, lua, tolu, fa, lima, ono, fitu, valu, siwa, fulu." Com- 
pare the Malagasy word for "heaven," langits, with the Malay langit, 
the Polynesian langi or lani; the Malagasy word nifi, a "tooth," with 
the Polynesian nifo or niho; the Malagasy uvi, a "yam," with the 



Polynesian ufi or uhi. Indeed s.ome words, such as mate, "dead," etc., 
are found in the same identical forms throughout this whole circle of 
languages. Many other examples might be given if they were needed 
to illustrate the connection of these languages. 

The Polynesian language is, as has been before remarked, an ex- 
tremely ancient and primitive member of the great Malay family. 

It was observed by Humboldt that the introduction .of Sanscrit words 
into the Javanese and Malay mus.t have been centuries before the 
Christian era, and that the separation between the different branches 
of the Malay family must have taken place at a still earlier period. 
It has also been seen that the internal structure of the Polynesian 
language indicates its high antiquity. It was the belief of William Hum- 
boldt that the Polynesians exhibit the original state of civilization 
of the Malay race, when they first settled in the Indian Archipelago, 
and before they had been changed by foreign influence. The unity of 
the Polynesian dialects is still an astonishing fact. Tribes like the 
Hawaiians and New Zealanders, separated from each other by one- 
fourth of the circumference of the globe in space, and thousands of 
years in time, speak dialects of one language, and have the same cus- 
toms and mythology. The laws of euphony in the several dialects 
which regulate the changes of consonants are ao fixed and uniform, 
that a New Zealand or Samoan word being given, we can generally 
tell with certainty what its form will be in each of the other dialects. 
The conclusion that the course of migration in the Pacific was from 
west to east might be deduced from an examination of the compara- 
tive grammar and vocabularies of the different dialects. We find in 
those of the western groups many forms which are entirely wanting 
in the eastern dialects, while others, which are complete in the former 
are found in the latter defective or perverted from what was evidently 
their original meaning. 

The New Zealand dialect, on the whole, is the most primitive and 
entire in its forms. The Hawaiians, Marquesans and Tahitians form a 
closely related group by themselves. For example, the Marquesaii 
converts are using Hawaiian books, and the people of the Austral 
Islands read the Tahitian Bible. 

Although, from a scientific point of view, the Hawaiian may seem to 
be one of the most attenuated and degenerate dialects of this family, 
we believe it to be practically one of the most copious and expressive, 
as well as the richest in native traditional history and poetry. 

The Samoan and Tongan languages have probably been modified, 
by a later importation from the East Indies. They contain several 
Malay words which are wanting in the eastern dialects. The Tongan 
in particular has several Fiji traits not found elsewhere in Polynesia. 

The Fiji or Viti seems to form the transition between Polynesian 
and Papuan, where the two streams of colonization met and mingled. 
The principles of its grammar and one-fifth of its words are Poly- 
nesian. Among the remaining four-fifths are several pure Malay words, 
such as vula, the moon, lako, to go, masima, salt, etc., while many of 
its peculiar words are also found in the Kingsmill group, and some, 
for instance, dra, blood, kana, to eat, tina, mother, can even be traced 
into Micronesia. The Kingsmill group, as far as. its language is con- 


cerned, has a closer connection with Polynesia than Micronesia, though 
considerably modified by mixture with the latter as well as with the 
black race. Together with the Fiji and Rotuman it retains some char- 
acteristics of eastern Malaysia, particularly of Aru-Sambawa, and even 
some traces of Au&tralian. The native traditions show that they are 
a mixed race sprung from Samoan and Micronesian colonists. 

At the southeast extremity of Polynesia the Paumotu or Dangerous 
Archipelago, presents a curious problem for the philologist. While the 
grammar and most of the vocabulary is Tahitian, the numerals and a 
large number of the most common words, are utterly unlike every other 
Oceanic language with which we are acquainted, although Logan finds 
many of them "recognizable as Indonesian or Indian words." Their 
canoes and some of their manufactures are of the Micronesian pattern, 
though there is nothing in their language that points in that direction. 

A few words should be added on the peculiar genius and structure 
of the Polynesian language in general, and of the Hawaiian dialect in 

It is a law of all Polynesian languagea that every word and syllable 
must end in a vowel, so that no two consonants are ever heard without 
a vowel sound between them. Most of the radical words are disyllables, 
and the accent is generally on the penult. The Polynesian ear is as 
nice in marking the slightest variations of vowel sound as it is dull in 
distinguishing consonants. No Polynesian dialect, for instance, makes 
any distinction between b and p, d and t, g and k, I and r, or v and w. 
Besides I is often sounded like d, and t like k, which latter was un- 
fortunately adopted in the written language of the Hawaiian islands 
to repres.ent the same element which is represented by t throughout 
the rest of Polynesia. 

As was said before, the laws which regulate the changes of conso- 
nants in the different dialects are remarkably uniform. In Hawaiian 
both f and s are changed into h, ng is softened into n, k at the be- 
ginning of a word is dropped, but in the middle of a word is repre- 
sented by a peculiar guttural catch or break, and w is used for v, 
though the sx)und is properly intermediate between the two. 

The following table from Hale shows the number of consonants in 
each dialect, and the changes which they undergo in passing from one 
dialect to another. The guttural break, which takes the place of k, 
is represented by an apostrophe.' 

Fakaafo. Samoan. Tongan. New Zealand. Rarotongan. Tahitian. Hawaiian. Marquesan. 
















































NG, N or K. 

































'The guttural break has been used in this dictionary as (') which 
conforms with the usage of standard books on Polynesian languages. 



The vowels undergo but few changes, and these chiefly in conse- 
quence of consonant changes. Fetu, a star, and fenua, land, in Hawaiian 
become hoku, and honua, and the omission of k produces similar changes, 
so that meika, a banana, becomes mai'a, and meitaki, good, becomes 
maika'l. It will be observed that in consonant sounds the Hawaiian is. 
one of the softest and most attenuated of the dialects, being surpassed 
in that respect only by the effeminate Marquesan. The following ex- 
amples the changes which words undergo in passing from one 
dialect to another. 




New Zealand. 




















Tonga, tona 







































Kali una. 










The vocabulary of the Hawaiian is probably richer than that of 
most other Oceanic tongues. Its childlike and primitive character is 
shown by the absence of abstract words and general terms. As has 
been well observed by M. Gaussin, there are three classes, of words, 
corresponding to as many different stages of language: 1, those that 
express sensations; 2, images, and 3, abstract ideas. The Polynesian 
vocabulary was originally composed chiefly of words of the first two 
classes. As languages grow older, words acquire a figurative s.ense, 
and the original meaning is gradually forgotten. In English, for instance, 
how many are aware that tribulation originally meant threshing, re- 
spect, looking back, reveal to draw back a veil, affront to strike in the 
face, and insult to leap upon the body of a prostrate foe? There were 
comparatively few Hawaiian words that had gone through this process. 

Not only are names wanting for the more general abs.tractions, such 
as space, nature and fate, but there are very few generic terms. For 
example there is no generic term for animal, expressing the whole class 
of living creatures, or for insects or for colors. At the same time it 
abounds in specific names and in nice distinctions. 

The first step in the formation of language was no doubt the em- 
ployment of particular names to denote individual objects. It was 
only afterwards by a process of abstraction that these individual ob- 
jects were classified by those qualities which are common to a number 
of them. It is from the specific that we ascend to the general. The 
same principle applies to verbs or names of actions as well as to 
nouns. The savage has in his mind a picture of the whole action, and 
does not always abstract or separate the principal circumstance from 
the accessory details. This is true of uncultivated languages in general, 
and is not peculiar to Hawaiian, Thus the Javanese has ten words to 
express as many different modes of standing, and twenty of sitting. 
The Fijian has. sixteen words meaning to strike, and eight to wash, 
"according as it affects the head, face, hands, feet or body of an indi- 
vidual, or his clothes, dishes or floor." So in Hawaiian everything that 
relates to their every-day life or to the natural objects with which they 



were conversant is expressed with a vivacity, a minuteness and nicety 
of coloring which cannot be reproduced in a foreign tongue. Thus the 
Hawaiian was very rich in terms for every variety of clouds„ It has 
names for every species of plant on the mountains or fish in the sea, 
and is peculiarly copious in terms relating to the ocean, the surf and 
waves. The ancient Hawaiians were evidently close observers of 
nature. For whatever belonged to their religion, their wars, their 
domestic life, their handicrafts or their amusements, their vocabulary 
was most copious and minute. Almost every stick in a native house 
had its appropriate name. Hence it abounds in synonyms, which, how- 
ever, are such only in appearance, and on which a volume might be 
written. To be broken as a string is moku, to be broken as a dish 
naha, as a stick haki, to fall from an upright to a horizontal position 
as a wall is hina, to fall from a height through the air haule; auamo 
means to carry on the shoulder with a stick, kaikai in the hands, hii 
as a child in the arms, koi on a stick between two men, haawe on the 
back, and hali to carry in general. 

Besides the language of everyday life, there was a style appropri- 
ate to oratory, and another to religion and poetry. This latter is 
known to but few natives of the pres.ent generation, and is fast dis- 
appearing. The same thing is taking place in New Zealand and Tahiti. 

The above-mentioned characteristics make it a pictorial and ex- 
pressive language. It still has the freshness of childhood. Its words 
are pictures rather than colorless and abstract symbols of ideas, and 
are redolent of the mountain, the forest and the surf. It was com- 
pletely adapted to the country and the circle of ideas, in which the 
people lived, and bore no trace of a higher civilization or of foreign 
influence. Far be it from us, however, to deny its capability for higher 
development. Its characteristics are such as belong to all languages 
in a certain stage of growth. It has been and ia successfully used to 
express the abstractions of mathematics, of English law, and of theology. 



adj adjective 

adv adverb 

ant antonym 

Chald.. . .Chaldean 

Chap chapter 

conj conjunction 

Eng English 

Epes Epeso (Ephe- 


fig figuratively 

freq frequentative 

Gr Greek 

Hal Halelu 


Heb Hebrew 

Hoik Hoikeana 


imper imperative 

inter j interjection 

lak lakobe 

lob loba (Job) 

los losua (Joshua) 

Isa Isaiah 

ler leremia 


Kanl Kanawailua 


Kin Kinohi 


Lat Latin 

Laieik.. . Laieikawai-^ 
(The only 
novel that 
has ever 
been print- 
ed. See p. 


Lun Lunakanawai 


Lev Leviticus. 

Lit literally 

Mark. . . . Mareko 

Mat Mataio 


mod modern 

Nah Nahelu 


Nal Nalii (Kings) 

n noun 

Nahum. . Nahuma 


Oihk Oihanakahu- 

na (Levit- 

pro pronoun 

prep preposition 

Puk Pukaana 

perf.part.perfect parti- 
redupl.. . reduplication 

Rev Revelations 

Sam Samuela 

Syn Synonym 

^Laieikawai to which reference is made in this Dictionary is S. N. 
Haleole's Ke Kaao o Laieikawai which was printed in Honolulu, in 1863. 
It has long been out of print but copies may be found in Honolulu in 
the libraries of Mr. G. R. Carter, Bishop Museum, and that of the 
Hawaiian Historical Society which is located in the Library of Hawaii. 

A translation of Haleole's work was made by Martha Warren Beck- 
with and published in the Thirty-third Annual Report of the Bureau of 
American Ethnology. It was reprinted separately by the Government 
Printing Office, Washington, D. C, in 1918. 




The macron (") is used to mark long or normal vowels, as: a, e, i, o, u. 

The breve (') is used to indicate the short sounds of Hawaiian vowels, 
as: a, e, i, 6, CI. 

The glottal closure (') indicates an interruption of a sound that prevents 
two vowels from coalescing (see p. xv). According to current usage 
the first person singular pronoun and its possessive (a'u, o'u, ka'u, 
ko'u, na'u, no'u, ia'u, and io'u) always retain the glottal closure in 
writing and printing. (See Alexander's Hawaiian Grammar, p. 15, 1920.) 


There are twelve letters in the Hawaiian alphabet: a, e, h, i, k, 1, m, 
n, o, p, u, and w. 

The consonants, h, k, 1, m, n, and p, are pronounced as in English. 
W has two sounds: 

1. Of the English w in way, as: Waikiki (geographic name) and 
wela (heat). This sound is retained even when the word is 
compounded, as: Kaalawai (geographic name meaning the 

2. In the middle of a word or after the first syllable it almost 

always has the sound of the English v as in valor, as: Ewa 
(geographic name) and hewa (wrong). Compounded words 
mentioned In (1) are of course exceptions to this rule. 

The vowels are: 
a (a)=a in father mamo (ma'-mo). A Hawaiian bird. 

hale (ha'-le). House, 
a (a)=a in liable maka (ma'-ka). Eye. 

ama (a'-ma). Talkative, 
e (e)^a in mate meha (me'-ha). Loneliness. 

olelo (o-le'-lo). Language, 
e (e)=e in net • Ewa (e'-va). Geographic name. 

eli (e'-li). To dig. 
i (i)=i in police lio (li'-o). Horse. 

milo (mi'-lo). A tree. 
1 (i)=i in hill mimilo (mi-mi'-lo). A whirlpool. 

eli (e'-li). To dig. 
o (6)=o in old loa (lo'-a). Long. 

aloha (a-lo'-ha). Love. 
(6)==o in old but not so prolonged, .loko (16'-ko). Lake. 

moha (m6-ha'). Bright, shining. 
a (li)^o in moon hula (hu'-la). To dance. 

luna (lu'-na). Overseer. 
u (ii)^Approximates the sound 

of u in full mukumuku (mCi'-kii-mii'-ku) . To cut 

into pieces. 

pukiki.(pu-ki'-ki'). A strong wind. 



There are no true diphthongs in Hawaiian but for the European ae, 
ai, ao, au, ei, ia, and ua, may be so classed. Where the stress falls upon 
the first letter of the diphthong, it is so marked, as: aihaha (a'i-ha'-ha'). 
Where the diphthong itself is stressed, the accent is after the second let- 
ter, as: ahuwaiwai (a-hu-wai'-wai). 


The causative hoo, to cause to be done, does not change the accent 
of a verb. 

The sign of the passive voice is "ia" — pronounced i'a. 

Reduplicated words follow the accent of their primitives, as: kuhi- 
kuhi (ku'-hi-ku'-hi) from ku'-hi; and helohelo (he'-16-he'-16) from he'-16. 

Every Hawaiian word ends with a vowel, and in general such vowel 
has a short sound and requires no mark to indicate its phonetic char- 
acter. Exceptions to this general rule are noted with the proper marks. 

Every Hawaiian syllable ends in a vowel, as: Kamehameha (Ka-me'- 




A (a). The first letter of the Ha- 
waiian alphabet. 

A (a), adj. Fiery; burning: he lua 
a, a fiery pit. 

A (a), adv. When; then; there; 
until. With verbs in a narrative 
tense, it signifies when, and when, 
etc.: as, a hiki mai ia, when he 
arrived. . With nei it signifies a 
designation of place: as, mai a nei 
aku, from here (this place) on- 
ward. Until: as, noho oia malaila 
a make; he lived there until he 
died. (A nei is often written as 
one word, and then it signifies 
here, or the present place.) 

A when pronounced with a pro- 
tracted sound, signifies a pro- 
tracted period of time, or dis- 
tance, or a long continued action: 
as, holo ae la ia a — a hiki i ka 
aina kahiki; he sailed a long time, 
or a long distance, until he reached 
a foreign country. 

A (a), conj. And; then; and when. 
When it connects verbs, it usually 
stands by itself; as, holo ka waa, 
a komo iho, the canoe sailed and 
sank. When it connects nouns, it 
is usually joined with me; as, 
haawi mai oia i ka ai a me ke 
kapa, he furnished food and cloth- 
ing. A with me signifies and, and 
also, besides, together with, etc. 
When emphatic, it is merely a dis- 
junctive. In narration, it frequent- 
ly stands at the beginning of sen- 
tences or paragraphs, and merely 
refers to what has been said, with- 
out any very close connection with 
it. In many cases it is apparently 
euphonic or seems to answer no 
purpose, except as a preparatory 
sound to something that may fol- 
low; as, akahi no oukou a hele 
i keia ala, before you have passed 
this road. 

A (a), interj. Lo; behold. An ex- 
pression of surprise, disappoint- 

ment, astonishment or admiration. 
It is similar in meaning to aia hoi, 
eia hoi, aia ka. 

A (a), n. 1. The jawbone; the cheek 
bone: a luna, upper jaw; a lalo, 
lower jaw, 2. An instrument made 
of smooth bone formerly used for 
abortion. It was called the a oo, 
the piercing a; also koholua. 
3. An instrument used for bleed- 
ing. 4. White spots that appear 
in poi when it is pounded. 5. A 
large sea bird often caught by 
natives; also called aaianuheakane 
(feathers white). Worshiped as 
an aumakua or guardian. 6. A 
small fish that bites at a hook; 
called also aakimakau. 7. The Ha- 
waiian alphabet; also the first 
sheet on which it was printed. 
8. Broken lava (probably so called 
from being burnt. See A, v.): 
Ke a o Kaniku a me Napuuapele. 

A (a), prep. Of; to; in connection 
with motion, e hoi oe a ka hale, 
return to the house, (hiki i is 
understood). — Laieik. p. 12. Unto; 
at; belonging. It designates the 
properties of relation, possession 
and place; and is often synony- 
mous with o, but generally dis- 
tinct, giving another shade of 
meaning and implying a closer 

A (a), V, 1. To burn, as a fire: ua a 
mai ke ahi, the fire burns; ua a 
mai ke ahi ma ka waha; the fire 
burned in their mouths. 2. To 
burn, as a lamp; to blaze, as a 
flame. 3. Fig. To burn, as with 
jealousy or anger. 

Aa (a-a'),adj. 1. Burning; raging, as 
a fire; he ahi aa loa; also used 

Aa (a-a'), adj. Stony; abounding 
with lava; ground rough with 
broken lava. See a, broken lava. 

Aa (a'-a'),adj. 1. Silent; still; lonely, 
as a house uninhabited: he aa ko 




ka hale, the people of the house 
are silent. 2. Spiteful; hot-tem- 

Aa (a-a'), n. A lighted fire, a con- 
flagration, (Laieik. p. 78.) 

Aa (a'-a'), n. 1. Dumbness; inabil- 
ity to speak intelligibly. 2. A 
dumb person. I loheia e na aa 
lololohe; i mau aa lolo kuli. 3. 
A dwarf; a small person: Kanaka 
poupou aa; ua ike au i kahi keiki 
i komoiii, aa no hoi ke kino. 

Aa (a'a), n. 1. A dare; a tempting. 

2. A belt; a girdle. 3. The small 
roots of trees or plants. Also 
called weli. 4. The veins or art- 
eries, so called from their re- 
semblance to the fine roots of 
trees: aole lakou i ike ke koko 
maloko o na aa. 5. Offspring. 6. 
A tendon; a muscle. 7. A pocket; 
a bag: Aa moni, a purse; a scrip; 
a bag to carry provisions for a 
journey; aole kanaka aa ole, no 
man without his scrip; a bag for 
weights (of money). The name of 
the envelope for a foetus (Laieik. 
p. 190). Kuu kaikaina i ka aa ho- 
okahi. Syn.: Eke and kieke. 8. 
A covering for the eyes. 9. The 
caul of animals: aa maluna o ke 
ake, the caul above the liver; the 
midriff. 10. A sea breeze at La- 
haina and some other places in 
Hawaii, for example, at Kona on 
the island of Hawaii, and Wai- 
mea, Kauai. 11. The cloth-like 
covering near the- base of a coco- 
nut leaf, aa niu. 12. The name of 
a coarse kind of cloth, he aa haole. 
13. Chaff; hulls; the outside of 
seeds or fruit. 

Aa (a-a'), n. [See A.] Broken lava; 

that is, sand, earth, stones and 

melted lava, cooled and broken up. 
Aa (a-a), n. 1. A large sea bird. 

Same as A. 2. Same as aaki- 

Aa (a'-a'), v. See A, verb. 1. To 

burn fiercely or furiously, as a 

fire; to burn constantly. 2. Fig. 

To kindle; to rage; to be angry. 

3. To make a noise, as a dumb 
person trying to speak. 4. To be 
dumb, ua aa ka leo. 

Aa (a'a), v. 1. To brave; to dare. 
2. To tempt; to challenge; to 
defy. 3. To venture; ua aa anei 
oe e hele i ke kaua? Ua aa anei 
oe e hele i ke alii? 4. To accept 

a challenge; to act presump- 
tuously: he aa ka manao; he wiwo 
ole. 5. To gird; to tie around, as 
a loose garment. Same as kaei. 

Aa (a'-a), v. To send greetings or 
love: as, e aa mai ana o mea ma 
ia oe. The reply would be: Ano 
ai wale laua, or welina wale laua, 
or aloha wale laua. 

Aaa (a'-a-a'), adj. 1. Hospitable; 
friendly; kind to strangers: he 
makamaka aloha. Syn: Haaa and 
heahea. 2. Uninhabited, as a 
house or village; lonely. 

Aaa (a-a'a), n. A temporary abode, 
as a hut, cave, shelter of a rock, 

Aaaki (a'-a-a'-ki), v. To bite often. 
(Frequentative of aki.) 

Aae (a-a'e), n. The young shoots 
remaining in the ground after the 
old taro is pulled. Syn: Oha; 
as, pau ke kalo i ka hukiia, o ka 
oha wale no koe, oia ka aae. 

Aae (a-a'e), n. The practice or 
action of a priest, as a last re- 
sort, in the treatment of a sick 
person. Aae, e kaulei, e lelei, e 
ku i kiona la oe e Kahamuili. 

Aaea (a'-a'e-a), n. The sound that 
babies make in calling for their 

Aaha (a-a'-ha), n. Name of an out- 
side covering for a dish: He ipu 
i hanaia i ka aaha a paa, the cup 
was tightly held with the aaha. 
Syn : koko. 

Aahi (a-a'-hi), n. 1. A bag in which 
fire and fire materials were car- 
ried; he kieke aahi. 2. Sucker or 
shoot from a sandalwood tree. 

Aahi (a-a'-hi), v. To burn, as with 

Aaho (a-a'-ho), n. The small sticks 
to which thatching is tied. 

Aahoa (a'a-ho'-a), n. A food con- 
tainer or wrapper. 

Aahu (a-a'-hu), n. 1. An outside 
garment; a cloak; a garment 
thrown loosely over the shoulders. 
Aahukaua, armor. 2. A covering 
for ornament; aahu kapa maikai, 
the dress of a dandy; that is, 
dandyism. (The aahu was formerly 
some kind of tapa; mamua, aahu 
kapa, mahope aahu lole. 3. The 
bark of the wauke (Broussonetia 
papyrifera) when taken off the 

Aahu (a-a'-hu), v. 1. To put on or 
wear clothes; to put on one's gar- 




ment. 2. Used figuratively: Aahu 
iho au 1 ka pono: I have clothed 
myself with righteousness. 

Aahua (a-a-hu'-a), v. To speak re- 
proachfully; to use words of 
strong contempt; to deride. 

Aahualii (a'-a-hu'-a-li'i), adj. [Aa, 
dwarf, and hualll, diminutive.] 
Small; low in stature; defective 
in bodily structure. 

Aahualii (a-a'-hu-a-li'i), n. [Aahu, a 
robe, and alii, royalty.] 1. Regal 
attire; a royal robe; a colored 
cape worn by people of rank; 
colored tapa. 2, Name of a deity 
said to be the creator of all 

Aahualii (a'a-hu'-a-li'i), n. A fabu- 
lous being supposed to have come 
up from the center of the earth 
and to possess extraordinary 

Aahuapoo (a-a'-hu-a-po'o), n. [Aahu, 
covering, and poo, head.] A cover- 
ing for the head; a defense in 
time of peril; a shield in war; a 
buckler; a garment connected 
with the mahiole [helmet] and 
palekaua [shield]. 

Aahui (a'a-hu'i), n. [Aa, vein and 
hui, pain, ache.] 1. An aching 
vein. 2. A desire for pleasure, at- 
tended with some sense of pain: 
Pau ke aahui, ke aakoni oloko, 
the painful desire within has 

Aahuia (a-a'-hft-I'a), v, (passive of 
aahu). To be clothed; covered 
as with a garment; arrayed; 

Aahukapu (a-a'-hii-ka'-pu), n. [Aahu, 
garment, and kapu, forbidden.] 1. A 
consecrated or holy garment. 2. 
A priest's robe. 

Aaianuheaakane (a'-a'i-a-nti-he'-a-a' 
[Aahu, garment, makaloa, a spe- 
cies of soft rush from which va- 
rious domestic coverings were 
made.] A lengthwise garment; a 
long ornamented band wound 
around the loins; a varicolored 
or specific style or pattern of 
malo worn only by persons of 

Aahumakaloa (a-a'-hu-ma'-ka-lo'-a), v. 
To don or put on the long malo; 
hence, he aahumakaloa. 

Aahumaloloa (a-a'-hu-ma'-lo-lo'a), n. 
The long malo. 

Aahumaloloa (a-a'-hu-mS.-lo-15'-a), v. 
[Aahu, garment, malo and lea. 

long malo.] To clothe oneself, or 
put on the long malo; ua aahuia 
ka maloloa. 

Aahu ma mo (a-a'-hii-ma'-mo), n. 
[Aahu and mamo, a yellow bird.] 
A yellow robe worn by the king 
or high chief: no ka hanohano 
nui o ka aahumamo. 

Aahupawehe (a-a'-hii-pa-we'-he), n. 
[Aahu, garment, and pawehe.] 1. 
A garment made of a kind of mat 
called pawehe; nolaila i oleloiai 
i aahupawehe hiwa na ka ma- 
kani. 2. Mat made from extra 
soft material. 

Aahuula (a-a'-hu-u'-la), n. [Aahu, 
cloak, and ula, red.] A cloak or 
royal dress adorned with red 
feathers, considered very valu- 
able; o ka aahuula, he waiwai ma- 
kamae nui ia. 

Aai (a'-ai), adj. Eating; spreading; 
increasing; continuing, as a sore: 
he mai aai, a spreading sore, he 
lepera aai ia. 

Aai (a-a'i), n. 1. The progress or 
continuance of a sore. 2. Erosion. 
3. The action of the surf at high 
tide, when dashing to shore and 
then receding, thus wearing away 
the gravel. 

Aai (a'-ai), v. 1. To eat away; to 
corrode. 2. To increase or grow, 
as an ulcer. 

Aaianuheaakane (a'-a'i-S,-nu-he'-a-a'- 
ka'-ne), n. A large sea bird. Syn: 

Aaina (a'-a-i-na), adv. Loudly; 
strongly, as a sound: kani aaina; 
also continually. 

Aaina (a'-a-i'-na), v. To be brittle 
or friable. 

Aaiole (a-ai-5-le), adj. 1. Falling 
before maturity, as fruit that falls 
before it is ripe. 2. Dying before 
maturity, applied to men who die 
before their time. 

Aaiole (a-a'i-6Me), n. The bread- 
fruit or any fruit which ripens 
and falls of itself. 

Aaka (a-a'-ka), adj. 1. Coarse; il- 
liberal; fault-finding; hard; se- 
vere. 2. Dry, as the coral of the 
reef at low tide; parched; wrink- 
led from heat. 

Aaka (a-S,'-ka), n. A column of 
lapilli, accompanied by hot vapor 
and smoke, such as jet up from 
a volcanic crater or fissure. 

Aaka (a-a'-ka), n. 1. Timber of the 
naio or bastard sandalwood; dry 




naio. 2. Harsh speaking against 
' another; grumbling; fault-finding. 

Aaka (a-a'-ka), v. 1, To complain, 
as a person of a perverse or sour 
temper; to grumble, chide, find 
fault; to strive: I ole makou e 
aaka a koea iho, that we may not 
find fault and refuse. 2. To be 
very dry ; to be exceedingly thirsty. 
3. To burst or crack open, as a 
ripe melon or banana. 4. To be hard, 
severe, as labor or toil: aole i 
aakaia ka hana a na haku: the 
work for the lords was not hard. 

Aaka (a-a'-ka), v. To deride; to 
ridicule; to laugh at in contempt. 

Aakaka (a'-a-ka'-ka), n. [A, to burn 
or shine and akaka, clearly.] The 
clear burning or splendor of the 
heavenly bodies on a clear night. 

Aaki (a-il'-ki), adj. Thick; obscure, 
as darkness. 

Aaki (a-a'-ki), n. A bite; a seizing 
with the teeth: ka naho manini 
nui, ke aaki nei i ka limu. 

Aaki (a-a'-ki), v. 1. To bite fre- 
quently; to bite in two; to bite, as 
the bark from a stick, or the rind 
from sugar-cane. (See aki, to 
bite.) 2. To gnash the teeth; ua 
aaki ke kui. 3. To feel the severe 
pangs of child-birth. 4. To sur- 
round or come upon one, as dark- 
ness: ua pouli loa, ke aaki mai 
nei ka poeleele. 5. To experience 
palpable darkness. 6. To catch 
onto or hold by a thing: ua holo 
ia kanaka i ka moana, ua aaki i 
ke koa a paa, that man sailed out | 
upon the ocean, he is caught in 
the coral, and is fast. 7. To come j 
upon, as a fit of love: ua aaki j 
paa ia ke aloha wela iluna ona. ; 
— Laieik. p. 197. 

Aakimakau (a-a'-ki-ma-kau), n. A 
hook-biting fish; the name of a 
small fish noted for its readiness 
to bite at a hook. See A. 

Aako (a-a'-ko), n. 1. Insatiable lust, | 
applied to females. 2. The itch: he | 
maneo ; he lalawe. This last form i 
of the word expresses the name ; 
of the last stage of the disease, ; 
followed by death. A primary ; 
stage is expressed by ako, to itch, j 

Aako (a-a'-ko), n. Wind that meets 
the surf which strikes a rocky 
headland and scatters the spray. 
Makani wehe ehu kai, wind that 
loosens the sea-spray. 

Aako (a-a'-ko), v. 1. To cut or clip 
off, as the spray of the sea when 
the surf strikes against a bluff 
of perpendicular rocks and is 
met by a wind from the land, and 
cuts or clips off the spray. 2. To 
stir to action; to drive. Used in 
the imperative, be quick; go to 

Aakoko (a'a-ko'-ko), n. [Aa, vein, 
and koko, blood.] A vein; a blood 

Aakolo (a'a-ko-lo), adj. Creeping, 
running and branching. Applies 
to the roots of plants. 

Aakoni (a'a-k6-ni), n. [Aa, vein, and 
koni, to throb.] A throbbing vein 
or artery: pau ke aahui, ke aahui, 
ke aakoni oloko. 

Aala (a-a'-la), adj. Odoriferous: aa I a 
ka hala, sweet the hala; aala ka 
rose, sweet the rose; o na kaiku- 
wahine aala o Aiwohikupua. — La- 
ieik. p. 62. "Aala ka ihona ka uka 
o Kawela." 

Aala (a-a'-la), n. 1. A pleasant odor. 
2. Fig.: He aala no o Kaahumanu, 
a sweet perfume is Kaahumanu. 

Aala (a-a'-la), v. To be fragrant. 

Aalaihi (a-a'-la-i'-hi), n. A beautiful 
fish (Thalassoma duperrey) of 
the reefs and warm currents. 

Aalaioa (a'-a'-la'i-o'-a), n. 1. Wild, 
uncivilized person who lives in 
the forest. 2. Wildness; a startled 
or wild appearance; kuku ka aala- 

Aalakai (a'-a-la-kai), adj. Unsavory; 
not tasty. Syn: Mananalo. 

Aalele (a'a-le'-le), n. [Aa, vein, and 
lele, to jump.] An artery. 

Aali (a-a'-li), n. A small or low 
place between two larger ones; a 
groove; the slight depression 
under the gill of a fish; the 
wattle of a fowl. 

Aalii (a'a-li'i), n. A hard timber 
tree (Dodonaea viscosa) generally 
alii and its wood. 

Aalinanui (a'a-l!'-na-nu-i), adj. Large, 
fat, and weak, as a fat man. 

Aalo (a-a'-lo), v. To dodge often; to 
dodge, as one does a stone. 

Aalole (a'a-lo'-le), n. Cloth of coco- 
nut leaves. The name first given 
to cloth by the people of Kauai. 

Aalolo (a'a-16'-lo), n. [Aa and lolo, 
the brain.] A nerve; aalolo hoao. 
Aalolo lohe, the auditory nerve. 




Aalu (a-a'-lu), n. [Dim. of alu.] A 
ravine; a small brook, valley or 
ravine; a slight depression. 

Aama (a-a'-ma), n. 1, Involuntary 
motion of the hands when a per- 
son tries to seize hold of some- 
thing as it rolls down a precipice. 

2. The act of stealing or pilfering. 

3. An edible black crab with a 
highly decorative shell. Said to 
have been a special or sacred 
food for certain priests. 4. A 
talker; one who talks for the pur- 
pose of gaining information not 
otherwise obtainable. 5. A person 
who speaks rapidly, concealing 
from one and communicating to 

Aama (a-a'-ma), v. 1. To stretch out 
the hands for the purpose of catch- 
ing something. 2. To steal small 
articles; to pilfer. 

Aamakumimi (a-a'-ma-ku-mi'-mi), n. 
A poisonous Crustacean said to 
have been a sacred food eaten with 
impunity by certain priests. Syn: 

Aamo (a-a'-mo), adj. Insatiable in 
lust; never satisfied — applied to 
females: he wahine aamo, ana ole. 

Aamoo (a'a-mo'o), adj. Light; thin, 
as the texture of muslin: o ka inoa 
o ka lole lahilahi loa. 

Aamoo (a'a-mo'o), n. 1. The cloth- 
like substance around coconut 
leaves. 2. Thin white cloth. 3. 
Whatever is light and thin, as thin 
cloth. 4. A veil. 5. External cov- 
ering or skin of a reptile: o ka mea 
keokeo e lalahi ana i ka moo, he 
mea lahilahi a puaweawe. 

Aana (a'-a-na'), v. 1. To use abusive 
language; to revile; to malign; to 
speak back. 2. To speak angrily; 
to fret; olelo aana mai oia. 

Aanapuu (a'-a-na-pu'u), v. To be out 
of shape; to be crooked in differ- 
ent directions; to be small and 
large, that is, to be uneven in size, 
as a rope. 

Aanei (a'-a-ne'i), adv. An adverb re- 
ferring to place or time; here; at 
this point. Syn.: Maanei. 

Aanema (a'-a-ne'-ma), v. To be jeal- 
ous of a man's friend, or to dis- 
cover jealousy. Syn: Lili. 

Aaniu (a'a-ni'-u), n. [Aa, cloth-like 
covering near the base of a coconut 
leaf, and niu, coconut.] The cover- 
ing like a coarse cloth around the 

stem end of coconut leaves: a hoo- 
kahekahe ma ka aaniu. 

Aano (a-a'-no), v. To be self-confi- 
dent; to boast of; to brag of. See 
hoaano for the transitive form. 

Aao (a'-a'o), adj. Gre-edy; glutton- 
ous; veracious. 

Aao (a-a'o), n. A species of tall, wild 
banana: he maia aao. 

Aaokooko (a-a'-6-ko-o'-k6), adj. Red 
hot, applied to substances such as 
fire, iron, stone, etc. 

Aaokooko (a-a'-6-k6-6'-k6), v. To burn 

Aapa (a-a'-pa), adj. Same as apa. 

Aapi (a-a'-pi), v. To be warped; 

Aapo (a-a'-po), adj. Ready, quick to 
receive knowledge; quick to appre- 
hend: he aapo ka naau o na ka- 

Aapo (a-a'-po), n. 1. One who 
snatches. 2. One who learns quick- 
ly; a ready scholar. 

Aapo (a-a'-po), v. 1. To catch at, as 
several hands at the same thing. 
2. To receive readily in the mind; 
to grasp mentally: ke aapo nei 
makou a malama. 

Aapoo (a'a-po'o), n. The skin, flesh 
and sinews on the back of the 
neck: he aapoo ka mea ma ka ai, 
he aapoo bipi. 

Aapu (a-a'-pu), n. 1. A cup. 2. A 
concave vessel. 3. A valve of a 
vein. 4. An improvised cup. See 

Aapu (a-a'-pu), v. 1. To warp or 
bend, as a board in the sun. Syn.: 
aapi. 2. To wrinkle or ruffle, as 
cloth. Syn: Mimino. 

Aapua (a'apu'-a), n. [Aa, bag and 
pua, an arrow.] An arrow case; a 

Aapuupuu (a'a-pu'u-pu'u), n. A cap- 
sular ligament. 

Aapuupuu (a-a'-pu'u-pu'u), n. 1. Sharp 
or water-worn gravel. 2. The knots 
in a fish net. 

Aau (a-a'u), n. 1. An agitated flock, 
as of birds when frightened; a 
school of fish as they suddenly 
separate when frightened. 2. A 
slight ripple on the surface of 
calm water caused by a light 

Aau (a-a'u), v. 1. To ripple mildly, 
as a calm sea; ruffled by a slight 
wind. 2. To separate, as a flock of 



birds when frightened, or a school 
of fish: 

Ka lele aau o ka manu o Kiwaa, 
The frightened flight of the birds 

of Kiwaa. 
Ka aau mai Kukona ke koae. 
The flock from Kukona, the koae, 
Ke koae nui hulu meamea, 
The great feathered koae. 

Aaua (a'-a'-u'-a), adj. 1. Strong scen- 
ted, as in dressing the skin of a 
hog. 2. Unsavory, tasteless, in- 

Aaua (a'-a'-Q'-a), n. Aged one, ap- 
plied to a person who begins to ad- 
vance in age, has wrinkles about 
the eyes, etc. 

Aawa (a-a'-wa), n. 1. The young of 
the ea, a fish somewhat similar to 
the hilu and the poou. 2. An insect 
that destroys vegetation: ua make 
ka mala uala i ka hoopulu, i ke pal, 
i ka peelua a me ka aawa. 

Aawe (a-a'-we), v. Incorrect form 
of awe or lawe. 

Aba (a'-ba), n. [Heb. Abba.] Father: 
an invocation to God, expressing 
filial affection. (Mark 14:36.) 

Abiba (a-bi'-ba), n. The ancient He- 
brew name of the first month of 
the Jewish year (later Nisan), cor- 
responding to March or April. 

Aclda (a-ci'-da), n. [Eng.] Any sour 
substance; acid. 

Adama (a-da'-ma), n. A very hard 
mineral or metal, real or imagi- 
nary; adamant. 

Adobie (a-do-bi'-e), n. A sun-dried 
brick of earth mixed with straw as 
binder; adobe. 

Ae (a'-e), adv. Yes; the expression 
of affirmation, approbation or con- 
sent; opposed to aole, or aohe. 
With paha, as ae paha, a polite 
way of assenting when full belief 
is withheld: ae ka paha, even so, 
be it so. 

Ae (a'e), adv. Separately; apart 
from; immediately succe-eding. It 
implies an oblique motion, either 
up, down or sideways. It often fol- 
lows nouns and adjectives; as: 
aohe kanaka e ae, there is no other 
man. OfteTi its use is only euphonic. 

Ae (a'e), n. A tree about 80 feet 
high (Sapindus saponaria). Also 
called manele. 

Ae (a'-e), n. 1. Assent expressed by 
one person to the thought or opin- 
ion of another; approval of the con- 
duct or opinion of another; con- 
sent; agreement; acquiescence. 2. 

Name of an east wind; trade- 
winds. Also called kaomi. 3. A spe- 
cies of sea moss. 4. The coming 
in of the sea upon the shore; the 
flux of the tide. 5. The water or 
liquid wrung from the leaves of 
vegetables, as taro, etc.: he ae ka- 
lo, he ae wauki, he ohi. 6. Saliva 
or its flow; nausea, sediment. 

Ae (a'e), v. 1. Specifically, to break 
a tabu: ua ae lakou iluna o kahi 
laa, to violate a law or agreement; 
to break a covenant. 2. To go on- 

Ae (a'-e), v. To consent; to yield; 
to agree with. 

Aea (a-e'a), adj. Wandering; un- 
stable; shifting: he one aea ke one 
o Hoohila; unsettled, as: kanaka 
aea, a vagabond; wandering about. 

Aea (a-e'a), adv. Irregularly, in a 
loose unstable manner; aimlessly. 

Aea (a-e'a), n. A vagabond; an out- 
cast: he poe aea, fugitives. 

Aea (a'-e-a), n. The cord used in 
uniting two or more nets for the 
purpose of creating a single large 

Aea (a'-e'a), v. 1. To wander away 
from a place: mai kou alo aku, 
aole oe e aea, from my presence do 
not wander away; to wander from 
place to place. 2. To live unstead- 
ily, as: i kona wa i ona ai, nui kona 
aea ana, in his seasons of drunken- 
ness, he lived principally here and 

Aea (a-e-a), v. To rise; to appear in 
sight from beneath. 2. To raise the 
head slowly when in a recumbent 
position; to throw back the head 
in a haughty manner. 

Aeae (a'e-a'e), adj. Comminuted; 
small or fine, as dust; fine, as poi , 
well pounded: he poi aeae, he 
uouo, he wall. 

Aeae (a'e-a'e), v. 1. To transgress 
often: he aeae oe maluna o kahi 
kapu. 2. To step over a thing 

Aeaekai (a'e-a'e-ka'i), n. 1. The rise 
of the tide. 2. The froth that fol- 
lows the breaking of the surf. 

Aei (a-e'i), n. 1. The net used in 
catching the opelu and the mao- 
mao; any small meshed net. 2, 
The time when the kuku, or 
stretching poles, are prepared for 
the aei nets. 

Aeiole (ae'-i-o'-le), n. Same as aaiole. 




Aekai (a'e-kai), n. The place where 
the sea meets the land; the shore 

Ado (a'e-lo), adj. 1. Rotten; applied 
to eggs. 2. Fig.: Ua like makou 
me na hua aelo. 

Aeioa (a'e-lo'-a), n. The northeast 
trade wind on the ocean. Same as 

AencI (a'e-ne'i), adv. 1. Now, about 
this time, just now, within a short 
time past or future. 2. Here; here- 
abouts; near by; not far off; ua 
holo aenei, he has lately spoken; 
ua make aenei no ke alii, the king 
died a short time ago; ua hele 
aenei no kahi i noho ai, he has 
gone a little way to his place of 

Aenei (a'e-nei), v. To be here; to be 
present; to be in existence. [This 
word seems to be compounded of 
ae, expressive of a passing or trans- 
fer, and nei, which refers to pres- 
ent time or present place; some- 
thing not fixed or exactly defined, 
but near by, either in time or place. 

Aeokahaloa (ae-o-ka'-ha-15'-a), n. A 
kind of tapa made of wauke (paper 
mulberry), and colored a blue-gray 
with charcoal, kuina aeokahaloa. 

Aeselona (a'e-se-16'-na), n. [Heb.] 
Name of an unclean bird, so trans- 
lated in the Bible. Falcon. 

Aeto (a'-e-to), n. [Gr.] An eagle. 

Agata (a-ga'-ta), n. [Eng. agate.] A 
variegated waxy quartz, in which 
the colors are in bands, in clouds, 
or in distinct groupings; also, a 
precious stone made from this min- 
eral; agate. 

Agati (a-ga'-ti), n. Same as agata. 

Agoza (a-g6'-za), n. [Heb.] A nut. 

Aha (aha'), adj. The numeral four. 
Same as eha. 

Aha (a'-ha'), interj. An exclamation 
of surprise or wonder: ua heluhelu 
lakou, aha; ua loaa lakou e moe 
ana, aha? 

Aha (a'-ha), interrog. adv. Why; for 
what cause, purpose, or reason: E 
aha ana oia? What is he doing? 

Aha (a'-ha), interrog. pron. What? 
Declinable with the definite article, 
indeclinable with the indefinite: 
heaha, what? often united with thei 
article: for what reason? No ke 
aha? i keaha? 

Aha (a'-ha), n. 1. A small piece of 
wood, around which was wound a 
piece of tapa, held in the hand of 
the priest while offering sacrifices. 

2. A kind of tapa made on Molokai. 

3. A cord braided from the husk of 
the coconut. 4. A cord braided 
from human hair. 5. Strings made 
from the intestines of animals: ka 
naau i mea aha moa, the intestines 
used for strings to tie fowls with; 
he aha pulu niu; he aha waa a me 
ka aha hoa waa, a cord for tying 
and strengthening a canoe in a 
storm; he aha palaoa, he lauoho i 
hili uilo ia. 6. A company or as- 
sembly of people. (Often com- 
pounded with some qualifying 
word: as, ahaaina, ahaolelo, aha- 
kanaka, ahahookolokolo, ahamoko- 
moko, etc. See these compounds, 
which are sometimes written in 
one word, and sometimes divided.) 
7. An assemblage of priests met for 
the purpose of offering prayer and 
sacrifice to ward off evil. (The 
kahuna nui or high priest was the 
head of such an assembly and holds 
in his hand a piece of mamane or 
kauwila wood wrapped in dark tapa 
(aeokahaloa) a symbol of author- 
ity.) 8. Name of a certain prayer 
used in the aha kapu: ina walaau 
ke kanaka i ka aha, make no ia, if 
a man should make a noise during 
the prayer, he would die; that is, 
he would be guilty of an offense 
for which he would forfeit his life. 

(The name originated in the fact 
that coconut fiber is very strong 
when braided into strings; so this 
prayer, with its rigid tabus, was 
supposed to be very efficacious in 
holding the kingdom together in 
times of danger.) 9. The success 
or answer of a prayer, or such a 
proper performance of prayer as to 
insure success; loaa ka kakou aha, 
we have received our prayer, that 
is, the answer; ua lilo ka aha, 
alalia, e pule hou, the prayer is 
lost (of no avail) ; then pray 
again. 10. The earwig. 11. A spe- 
cies of long fish swimming near 
the surface of the water. 12. Edge 
or border of a surface; measure in 
a single line. Used in the expres- 
sions: ua like na aha, the sides are 
equal; aha like, side measurements. 
13. A design supposed to resemble 




the track of a duck. Syn: Aha- 
ana and kapuai koloa, duck foot- 

Aha (a'-ha), v. To stretch the cord 
by which the first posts of a house 
were put down or set straight: ,e 
kii i ke kaula e aha ai, fetch the 
rope to make straight with. 

Ahaaha (a'-ha-a'-ha), adv. Sitting 
squarely; uprightly. 

Ahaaha (a'-ha-a'-ha), v. To pant; 
to breathe hard on account of heat, 
as a hog or a dog: ua ahaha ka ilio 
i ka wela, a i ka maloeloe i ka loa; 
the dog pante*d hard from heat and 
from long weariness. 

Ahaaina (a'-ha-a'i-na), n. [Aha, a 
company, and aina, eating.] 1. A 
company for eating. 2. A feast for 
pleasure or enjoyment: ahaaina 
olioli, a joyful feast. 3. A feast as 
a celebration of a past evemt. 
Ahaaina is often qualified by the 
following word: as, ahaaina hebe- 
doma, a feast of weeks; ahaaina 
kauhale lewa, feast of tabernacle's; 
ahaaina laa, a solemn feast; and 
ahaaina moliaola, feast of the pass- 
over. 4. The food for the company 
in such cases. Ahaaina awakea, a 
dinner; ahaaina ahiahi, a supper. 

Ahaaina (a-ha-a'i-na), v. [Aha, com- 
pany, and aina, to eat.] To eat to- 
gether; to feast; to partake of a 
banquet; to hold a feast. 

Ahaana (a-ha-a'-na), n. A design sup- 
posed to resemble the track of a 
duck. It is carved on ie kuku, tapa 
beaters. Syn: Aha and kapuai ko- 
loa, footprint of a duck. 

Ahai (a-ha'i), adj. Breaking off and 
carrying away: ka manu ahai kanu 
awa e, the bird clipping the twig of 
a tree and planting it elsewhere. 

Ahai (a-ha'i), n. The name of a pil- 
lar, wood or stone, which a chief 
sets up in memory of some great 
exploit: Alalia, kau ka ahai ma- 
lua iho o na pao, Therefore the 
pillar is erected on the arch, or 

Ahai (a-ha'i), v. 1. To take away; to 
carry off; to bear away. (Laieik. 
p. 18.) Hence, 2. To flee; to be 
routed, as men in battle. 

Ahaihai (a-ha'i-ha'i), adj. See ahai. 

Ahaiki (a'-ha-i'-ki), n. [Aha. assembly, 
and iki, small.] A small party for 
private conversation; a small coun- 
cil or gathering of people; a secret 

council called together to discuss 
war or an emergency. 

Ahailono (a-ha'i-lo'-n5), n. The per- 
son who alone survives or escapes 
after a battle, or a canoe out of a 
fleet, all others being taken or lost: 
pepehiia a pau, aohe ahailono. 
(Laieik. pp. 104 and 105.) See 
ahai, v. 

Ahainu (a-ha-i'-nu), adj. Relating to 
banqueting or to a drinking feast; 
wine-drinking: Hale ahainu. 

Ahainu (a-ha-i'-nu), n. An assembly 
for reveiery; a company brought 
together for the purpose of drink- 

Ahainu (a-ha-i'-nu), v. [Aha, a com- 
pany, and inu, to drink.] To par- 
take at a drinking feast. 

Ahainuawa (a'-ha-i'-nu-a'-wa),n. [Aha, 
and inu, to drink, and awa.] An as- 
sembly for drinking awa: he aha- 
i'nuawa no na kanaka kahu akua 
hoomanamana ia Nahienaena, an 
assembly for drinking awa by the 
protectors of the god worshiped by 

Ahainurama (a-ha'-I-nii-ra'-ma), n. An 
assembly for drinking alcoholic 

Ahainuwaina (a-ha'-i-nfl-war-na), n. A 
wine feast; a feast for drinking 

Ahakanaka (a'-ha-ka'-na-ka), n. [Aha, 
assembly, and kanaka, men.] A 
great company; a multitude; an 

Ahakea (a-ha-ke'a), n. A tree of the 
genus, Bobea. The wood, which is 
of a yellowish color, is used for 
rims of canoes, poi boards, and 
canoe paddles. 

Ahalike (a'-ha-li'-ke), adj. [Aha, four, 
and like, alike.] Four sides alike 
or equal; quadrangular; aoao aha- 
like. Like na aoao, like ka loa me 
ka laula, four square. 

Ahalike (a'-ha-ll'-ke), n. Name of the 
square bone in the wrist joint: he 
iwi ahalike maloko o ka pulima. 

Ahalualike (a'-ha-lil-a-ll'-ke), adj. 
Four-sided, with two sides parallel. 

Ahalualike (a'-ha-lii-a-ll'-ke), n. A 
rectangular figure whose opposite 
sides are parallel. 

Ahalunakanawai (a'-ha-lu'-na-ka'-na- 
wai), n. An assembly for trans- 
acting judicial business; judge or 
judges sitting for the hearing of 
cases; a judiciary session. 




Ahamaha (a'-ha-ma'-ha), n. 1. A place 
or an assembly for the practice of 
athletic games. 2. A sham fight. 

Ahamaka (a'-ha-ma'-ka), n. 1. A 
swinging bed fastened to the ma- 
nuea (center support) of a house. 
Hammock, a tapa fastened at each 
end between two posts and swing- 
ing between: na kapa e kau ana ma 
ka manuea mai hope a mua, he 
moe lewa. 2. The act of killing by 
the lua [by breaking the bones]. 
3. A special secret assemblage of 
priests for prayer. The object of 
such aha or assembly for prayer 
was to invoke the gods in behalf of 
the alii, king, or chief, without 
knowledge of the aialo [those 
about the king or chie-f]. 

Ahamoa (a'-ha-mo'-a), n. 1. An aha 
or cord made from the entrails of 
an enemy conquered and killed in 
fighting by the lua (method of kill- 
ing by breaking the bones). This 
form of fighting was called "haka- 
ka-a-amoa." hence the word aha- 
moa. 2. A number of persons as- 
sembled to watch the lua contest. 

Ahamokomoko (a'-ha-mo'-ko-mo'-ko) , 
n. Assemblage of people congre- 
gated to watch athletic games, or 
to take part themselves in the 
games; a boxing match. (Laieik, 
p. 21.) 

Ahaolelo (a'-ha-6-le'-lo). n. [Aha, a 
company, and olelo, to speak.] 1. 
A council; a body of chiefs as- 
sembled to regulate public affairs. 
2. In modern times, a legislature; 
a body to consult and enact laws 
for the public good. 

Ahaolelo (a'-ha-o-le'-lo), v. [Aha, as- 
sembly, and olelo, to speak.] To 
take council; to consult together 
to get the united wisdom of all 
present: ahaolelo iho la na 'lii: the 
chiefs held a consultation. (In 
modern times, to meet and consult, 
as the legislative bodies of sen- 
ators and representatives, to make 
and adopt laws for the nation.) 

Ahawa (a-ha'-wa), n. A water head. 

Ahawa (a-ha'-wa), v. To collect to- 
gether as water, to overflow a low 
place: ua ahua, ua ahawa. 

Ahe (a-he), adj. Breezy. 

Ahe (a-he'), adv. and interj. Indeed; 
Oh, that's so; really: ahe, kuhi au 
ua hala lakou, aole ka! ahe, pela 
kou manao ea? 

Ahe (a'-he), n. 1. A slight breath- 
ing. 2. A hacking cough; he ehe- 
ehe, he maikunu. Same as eheehe. 
3. Anything light, gentle or soft, as 
a light breeze, ke ahe makani pu'u- 
lena. (Laieik. p. 34.) Ahe koo- 
lauwahine, he makani aheahe ka 
makani. 3. A wind; a slight breeze. 
He aheahe makani. Same as ahe- 
ahe (1). 
Ahea (a'-he'-a), adv. (Used only with 
the future.) When? At what time? 
Ahea ka ina o ke keiki e ku imua? 
Hea ka inoa o ke alii? Ahea no la 
nalo ka moe? Ke aahi la i ka pili 
o ka houpo. 
Ahea (a-he'-a), n. A common plant 
I that was cooked and eaten like 
I luau, taro tops. (It was used as a 
! poultice after being heated.) Syn: 
j Aheahea. 

I Aheahe (a'-he-a'-he), adj. Light, gen- 

I tie, soft. (Applied to wind.) 

: Aheahe (a'-he-a'-he), n. 1. A light, 

I gentle breeze. See ahe (3). 2. A 

i faint diminishing sound: he kamu- 

I mu o ke aheahe malie, a sound of 

I a whisper. Aheahe ka makani ma 

1 Pu; aheahe mai ke kaiaulu o Wai- 

anae. 3. A cough; a hacking 

cough: I ka manawa eheehe kau 

mai la ka eheehe make maluna o 

; Kahalaia laua o Humehume; In the 

! time of coughing, a deadly cough 

i seized upon Kahalaia and Hume- 

! hume. See eheehe. 

Aheahe (a'-he-a'-he), v. To be hungry: 

he pololi; aheahe kahi opu i ka 

' pololi. 

i Aheahea (a'-he-a-he'-a), n. 1. A com- 
mon plant that was cooked and 
i eaten like luau (taro tops). It was 
i used as a poultice after being heat- 
ed. Syn.: Ahea. 
j Aheaka (a'-he-a'-ka), n. A shade; 
I shadow. See aka. 
Ahekolo (a'-he-ko'-Io), n. [Ahe, a 
breeze, and kolo, to creep.] A slight 
breeze; ahekolo ka makani, aheahe 
malie, a creeping, gentle wind. See 
Ahekolo (a'-he-ko'-lo), v. To creep; 
to crawl along; ke i ae la e ahe- 
kolo kana hele, he says he walks 
creeping along. 
Ahele (a-he'-le), n. A snare, same as 

pahele. but more used. 
Ahelela (a-he'-le-i'a), v. To be taken 
or caught in a trap. Found only 
in the passive. 




Ahewa (a-he'-wa), adv. Crosswise, as 
maka ahewa, cross-eyed. 

Ahewa (a'-he'-wa), n. 1. A tree class- 
ed among the sensitive plants; a 
variety of the mimosa. 2. Punish- 
ment, condemnation. Syn: Ahe- 

Ahewa (a-he'-wa), v. [A, to, and he- 
wa, wrong, sin.] 1. To turn the 
eyes, as done by a cross-eyed per- 
son. 2. To view askance. 3. To 
condemn for a crime or fault; to 
blame; to censure, etc. 4. To be 
inconsistent, as in contradicting 
one's self. 

Ahewaia (a-he'-wa-i'a), n. Punish- 
ment; condemnation. 

Ahewaia (a-he'-wa-i'a), v. To be con- 

Ahi (a'-hl), n . 1. Fire: he ahi e a 
ana, a burning fire. 2. The albi- 
core. A fish of the mackerel fam- 
ily (Germo germo). It reaches a 
large size. Color, dark above with 
steel-blue reflections; silvery be- 

Ahia (a-hi'a), adj. Obscure, faded 
dim. Syn: Ahiaahia. 

Ahia (a'-hi'-a), interrog. adj. How 
many? Ahia ka nui o ka waiwai? 
How many articles of property? 
See ehia. (There is a nice distinc- 
tion in the use of ahia and ehia, 
difficult to understand; in many 
cases they are synonymous.) 

Ahiah'l (a-hia'-hi), n. A false report 
concerning one; a defamation; a 

Ahiahi (a'-hi-a'-hi), n. The later part 
of the day: ua aui ai ka la, the 
afternoon; towards night; ua na- 
poo ka la, evening. (When it is 
dark, it is po.) 

Ahiahi (a'-hi-a'-hi), v. To be or be- 
come evening: a ahiahi iho la, hoi 
mai ia; when it was evening he 

Ahiahi (a'-hi'-a-hi), v. To defame; to 
bring into disrepute. 

Ahiahia (a-hi'-a-hi'-a), adj. Obscure; 
faded; dim, as colors in tapa or 
calico: kohu maikai ole; as cloth 
having lost color; ahiahia ke koko, 
the blood is colorless; applied to 
the uncolored parts of dyed cloth 
or tapa; he ahiahia ka palapala, 
the writing is dim, not plain; ula- 
ula ahiahia, faded red — that is, pur- 

Ahiaihonua (a-hi'-ai-ho-nu'-a), adj. 
Earth-consuming, as a volcano; 
constantly burning; unquenchable. 

Ahiaihonua (a'-hi-ai-ho-nu'-a), n. 
[Ahi, fire, ai, to eat, and honua, 
earth.] A volcano; earth-eater or 

Ahihi (a-hi'-hi), n. A vine. 

Ahihi (a-hi-hi), v. Same as ahiahi. 

Ahikoli (a'-hi-ko'-li), v. To cut off 
even or trim the top of a kalikukui 
or kukui torch. (A kalikukui con- 
sists of a single long string of 
shelled kukui nuts, used as a lamp 
or torch. A number of these long 
strings wound up together is called 
an ihoiho or aulama. A single 
short string is called koikukui.) 

Ah'iku (a-hi-ku), n. 1. Consisting of 
one more than six; the cardinal 
number sevem. 2. Seventh. 

Ahina (a-hi'-na), adj. Gray, as the 
head of an old man: he poo ahina. 
Applied to a dry tree: he laau 
ahina. Syn: Hina and poohina. 

Ahina (a-hi'-na), n. A gray color. 

Ahinahina (a-hi'-na-hi'-na), adj. Very 
light blue gray; slate color. 

Ahinahina (a-hi'-na-hi'-na), n. The 
silvers word (Argyroxiphium sand- 
wicense). A shrub growing on 
Mauna Kea, Mauna Loa and Hale- 
akala, at elevations of 7,000 to 12,- 
000 feet. 

Ahiu (a-hi'-Ci), adj. Wild; untamed, 
as a horse: he aa; aole laka mai. 
See hihiu. 

Ahiu (a-hi'-u), n. 1. Name of a wild- 
cat. 2. Wind common around the 
mountains of Kahana on Oahu. 

I aloha ae au I ka Ahiu o Kahana, 
Ka wllina iho i ka lau o ke koa. 

— Ua, an old mele. 

Ahiwa (a-hi'-wa), adj. Darkish; of 
somber or dusky tint. 

Aho (a'-h6), n. (Used with the arti- 
cle, ka.) 1. The small sticks used 
in thatching. 2. A line; a cord, as 
a fish line; ke aho lawaia; a kite 
string; ke kakaiapola a me ke aho; 
alalia, hoolele aku i ka lewa, a paa 
aku ma ke aho; (prepare) the kite 
tail and the string, then send off 
the kite into the air, but hold fast 
by the string. 3. The natural 
breathing of a person; the breath; 
hence, 4. Patience; i nui ke aho, 
let the breath be long, that is, be 
patient. 5. Resolution; also kind- 




Aho (a'-hd), v. 1. To have breath, 
hence to be patient. 2. (Impersonal, 
always used with the prefix e.) It is 
easier; it is better; it is less severe: 
e aho nau e kokua mai ia makou. 
it is better for you to help us. (It 
implies a comparison.) E aho nae 
ko lakou hope i ko kakou; their 
end, however, will be more toler- 
able than ours; it is better that; it 
had been better if, etc. It is bet- 
ter, preferable; e aho iki no ke hoi 
kakou; it will be a little better for 
us to return; e aho no ka hele ma- 
muli o ka noho ana me ka pilikia; 
it is better to go than to stay in 

Ahoalole (a'-h6-a'i-6-le), n. A thatch- 
ing stick too short for use. 

Ahole (a-h6'-le), n. A fish resem- 
bling the white perch or sea bass. 
Color, bright silvery, bluish on 
back. Common in streams and in 
brackish water. 

Aholehole (a-h6'-le-h6'-le), n. See 

Aholoa (a'-ho-lo'-a), adj. [Aho, pa- 
tient, and loa, long.] Patient; long 
suffering. See ahonui. 

Aholoa (a'-ho-lo'-a), n. [Aho, a cord, 
and loa, long.] 1. A long string 
for fishing or sounding in deep 
water: he aholoa loa i ka mio; he 
aholoa i ka luu ilalo o ka- moana. 
2. The power to hold one's breath 
a noteworthy time. Applied to deep 
sea divers. 

Ahona (a-ho'-na), adv. Equivalent to 
the words, it were better. Ahona a 
kui maoli aku kela, lele liilii. 
(Laieik. p. 42.) Same as eaho. I 
ahona makou i ka ikeia e ka uka, 
we were fortunate to be seen by 
those on shore (an expression of 
shipwrecked persons). A com- 
plete phrase in which i ahona is 
used implies in general a receiving 
of some unexpected good. 

Ahonuj (a-h6-nu'-i), adj. Patient; en- 
during; long suffering. 

Ahonui (a-h6-nu'-i), n. [Aho, patient, 
and nui, much.] Forbearance; long 
suffering; patience. 

Ahonui (a-h6-nu'i), v. [Aho, patient, 
and nui, much.] To be patient, 
gentle, kind. See aholoa. 

Ahu (a'-hii), adj. Storing; collect- 
ing: hale ahu, a storehouse, 

Ahu (a'-hu), n. 1. A place for storing 
things. 2. A heap of stones as a 

way mark or memorial. 3. A soft, 
fine mat often used as covering 
for the body. The ahu was used 
to protect the canoes at sea in 
rough weather: O ka uhi ana 1 
ka ahu, ea, oia ka mea e pale aku 
i kekahi ale; the spreading over a 
mat — that is what will keep off 
some of the waves; ahuao, ahu mo- 

Ahu (a'-hu), v. To be brought togeth- 
er; to be thrown into a heap; to be 
piled up indiscriminately. 

Ahua (a-hu'-a), n. 1. Any place ele- 
vated in the manner of a high path. 
2. A bank in the sea; a bank form- 
ed by the sand at a mouth of a 
river; hence, 3. A ford; a place 
for passing a stream or river. 4. A 
hillock: He puu; he kiekie ma ke- 
kahi aoao. 

Ahua or Ahuia (a-hii'-ia), v. To be 
raised up on a platform: ua ahua, 
ua ahawa. 

Ahuahu (a'-htl-a'-hii), adj. 1. Angry; 
fretful; unwilling. When one re- 
ceives orders to work, and from 
fatigue or indolence he is unwilling, 
he is then ahuahu. 2. Healthy; 
vigorous; strong. 

Ahuahu (a'-hii-a'-hu), adv. Fretfully; 

Ahuahu (a'-hii-a'-hii), n. Health, 
vigor, force in animal or vegetable 

Ahuahu (a'-hu-a'-hu), v. 1. To be sul- 
len; unwilling to do a thing order- 
ed. 2. To be turbulent; to act un- 
der great excitement. 

Ahualala (a'-hii-a-la'-la), v. To lie 
broken in pieces; to consist of 
heaps of pieces or parts. 

Ahuao (a'-hu-a'o), n. [Ahu, a mat 
and ao, the young leaves of the 
lauhala tree.] A mat made of the 
young leaves of the lauhala. 

Ahuawa (a-hQ-a'-wa), n. 1. A strong 
rush (Cyperus laevigatus) of which 
cords are made; the leaves are 
made into hats. (The fiber of the 
plant is used to strain potable 
awa.) 2. The name of the cord 
itself; mai hoka au i ke ahuawa. 
Also known as ehuawa. 

Ahue (a-hu'-e), v. To make of two 
thicknesses by folding in the mid- 
dle. To double up; to turn up, as 
a piece of tapa or paper. 

Ahuhinalo (a'-hu-hi'-na-lo), n. A gar- 
ment made of hala flowers; fabric 




of marvellous flexibility and fine- 
ness, which, in olden times, was 
woven from the dried flowers of 
the hala tree. 

Ahui (a-hu'-i), n. A number of things 
on one stem; a bunch or cluster of 
fruit, as bananas, grapes, or hala. 

Ahu'ili (a-hu-i'-li), v. 1. To be re- 
quited according to one's misdeeds; 
to be repaid in a retributive sense. 
To be thwarted; to be frustrated; 
to be baffled in attempts to do 
harm: E ahuili auanei ka poe hoo- 
ko i ka eha; those who attempt to 
do harm will be frustrated. 

Ahuiwaina (a'-hu-i'-wai-na), n. [Ahui, 
a cluster, and waina, grapes.] A 
bunch or cluster of grapes. 

Ahuku (a-hu'-ku), n. Name applies! 
by the priests of Umi to the gifts 
presented to Hakau, Umi's elder 
brother. (These gifts consisted of 
stones of all shapes and sizes, 
from the pebble to the rock requir- 
ing the strength of two men to 
carry; so generously were the gifts 
brought to Hakau that he was at 
last covered with them and dis- 
appeared from sight.) 

Ahuku (a-hu'-ku), v. To cover with 
stones; to stone. 

Ahulau (a-hu-lau'), adj. Epidemic; 
pestilential: mai ahulau, a pesti- 

Ahulau (a-hu-lau') n. A pestilence; 
a sickness like a pestilence; any 
contagious epidemic disease that is 
virulent and devastating. (This 
most destructive malady raged 
while Kamehameha I was living far 
the first time on the island of 
Oahu; Kamehameha himself was 
attacked but recovered. Thousands 
were swept off by it at that time 
— probably in 1804.) 

Ahulau (a-hu-lau'), v. To be ill with 
a contagious disease; to die with 
it: ua ahulau ae la na kanaka i ka 

Ahullu (a-hu-li'u), adj. Overheated, 
as stones in the oven; heated to 
whiteness: ahuliu ka imu, the oven 
is exceedingly hot. 

Ahulu (a-hu'-lu), adj. 1. Overdone, as 
food baked too much ; cooked hard. 
2. Spoiled by age, as eggs, or med- 
icines. 3. Defiled with dirt; de- 
fective: ua ahulu ke kai, that is,! 
dirty or green, not blue and clear. { 

Ahulu (a-hu'-lu), v. To be overdone, 
as food cooked too much: ua ahulu 
loa ka umu ai, ua ulaula ka ai, to 
be too hot. 

Ahuluhulu (a-hu'-lu-hu'-lu), n. 1. Ha- 
waiian adze; a tool used by canoe 
makers (koi ahuluhulu); a jack- 
plane. 2. A fish, the same as the 

Ahumoena (a'-hu-mo'-e-na), n. A fine 
mat of small figures of different 
colors. (Laieik, p. 112.) 

Ahunalii (a-hQ'-na-li'i), n. A colored 
tapa: he mamaki ahunalii, he ma- 
maki i hooluuia, a colored mamaki 

Ahunalii (a-hu'-na-li'i), n. The issue 
of a union of which one party is a 
high chief and the other a common 
person. Such off-spring is also 
called waiki and kukaepopolo. See 

Ahunalii (a-hu'-na-li'i), n. A tapa of 
intermixed colors. 

Ahupawehe (a-hu'-pa-we'-he), n. [Ahu, 
a fine mat and pawehe, a three-cor- 
nered figure used in decorating.] 
A kind of striped mat made on 
Niihau: he ahupawehe no Niihau. 

Ahupuaa (a'-hu-pu-a'a), n. [Ahu, col- 
lection, and puaa, hog.] 1. One 
of the smaller divisions of a 
kalana or district, made up of sev- 
eral ili, small districts, and under 
the care of a head man; a hog was 
the tax of that district to the king: 
He Wailuku, he ili he moo; Wai- 
luku is an ahupuaa; the lands in 
Wailuku, ili and moo, a division of 
land next below ili. 2, The ahu or 
altar upon which the tax levied on 
the ahupuaa was laid; also used as 
a landmark; called on the island of 
Oahu Kaananiau. 

Ahuua (a'-hu-u'-a), n. A raincoat, 
made of the young leaves of the 
lauhala, or of the grass called ma- 
kaloa. It was a small mat about 
four by six feet, and so flexible 
that it could be rolled up like any 
ordinary garment. 

Ahuua (a'-hu-u'-a), v. To cover with 
the ahuua (cloak, raincoat). 

Ahuula (a'-hu-u'-la), n. [Ahu, a gar- 
ment, and ula, red.] A red-feather- 
ed cloak; a cloak made of the 
feathers of the oo and the red 
feathers of the iiwi, worn by kings 
and high chiefs; a gorge-ous dress. 
(Laieik, p. 112.) (The feathers are 




woven into olona nets of the finest 
mesh called upena-puni and upena 

Ahuwaiwai (a'-hu-wai'-wai), adj. [Ahu, 
collection, and waiwai, property of 
a treasury.] Belonging to a place 
for storing property. Hale ahuwai- 
wai, a store-house. 

Ahuwale (iV-hu-wa'-le), v. To be ex- 
posed; to be in plain sight, as a 
hill, or a house on a hill. 

Ai (a'i), adj. Consuming; destroy- 
ing (spoken of fire). 

Ai (ai), adv. A shortened form of 
aia, there; ai iloko o ka hale, 
there in the house. 

Ai (a'i), n. A suffix, used only with 
verbs for the purpose of euphony. 

Ai (a'-i'), n. The neck: he ai ko ke 
kanaka — oia kahi e hui ai ke poo 
me ke kino, man has a neck — it is 
that which unites the head with 
the body. 

Ai (a'i), n. Food; vegetable food, as 
distinguished from ia, meat. Ai oo, 
ripe food; ai maloo, dried food; ai 
maka, green food, vegetables. (Ai, 
food, is representative of property 

Ai (a'i), n. Coition. 

Ai (a'i), V. 1. To eat; to consume 
food, as persons or animals. 2. To 
devour, as animals. 3. To destroy, 
consume, as fire. 4. To consume; 
spoken of the sword. 5. To eat, 
consume, as a sore; aole ai ka mai, 
the disease has made no advance. 
6. To taste, eat, enjoy the benefits 
of, have the profits of, as land; e 
ai i ka aina. 

Ai (ai), V. To have sexual inter- 

Aia (ai-a'), adj. Ungodly; irrelig- 

Aia (a-i'-a), adv. 1. There, referring 
to place: aia malaila ka hana ana, 
there the work is being done. 2. 
Then, referring to time, — generally 
in connection with some other 

Aia (a'-i-a), interj. Exclamation ex- 
pressive of admiration or surprise, 
of triumph or contempt: Aia hoi, 
behold! or see there; aia ka, there 
now! Aia la, there you have it! 
An expression of triumph with con- 

Aia (ai-a'), n. 1. An unprincipled or 
ungodly person. Hal. 14:1. 2. The 

practice of ungodliness itself; he 
hoomaloka; he hoole akua. 

Aia (a'-i'a), n. A disease of the eye 
in which the vision becomes im- 

Aia (ai-a'), v. 1. To be or show one- 
self contrary to the gods. 2. To 
disregard the will of the gods; to 
be ungodly in practice or character. 

Aiahua (ai-a-hu'-a), adj. 1. Irre- 
ligious; unmindful of the tabu; na- 
ni ke kanaka aiahua. See Aiahulu. 
2. Unfair; two-faced. 

Aiahua (ai-a-hu'-a), n. 1. A term ap- 
plied to those who disregard the 
tabu while others observe it. Whe-n 
the tabu is generally disregarded 
it is called ainoa. 2. A hypocrite; 
an irreligious person. 

Aiahua (ai-a-hu'-a), v. 1. To break 
secretly the tabus of the gods, but 
to observe them openly; to act 
hypocritically. 2. To conspire se- 
cretly against another. 3. To de- 
fraud the landlord by withholding 
the tax and using it oneself. 4. To 
pray to death. Similar to anaana. 

Aiahulu (ai-a-hu'-lu), adv. Without 

Aiahulu (ai-a-hu'-lti), n. Food baked 
a long time in the oven until it is 

Aiahulu (ai-a-hu'-lu), v. 1. To pray to 
death; to procure the death of an- 
other by sorcery. 2. To poison. 

Aiahupuaa (ai-a'-hu-pu-a'a), adj. [Ai, 
food, and ahupuaa, a division of 
land.] Enjoying the food or bene- 
fits of an ahupuaa: he alii aiahu- 
puaa, enjoying the privileges or 
benefits of an overseer of land. — 
Laieik, p. 34. 

Aiahupuaa (ai-a'-hfl-pu-a'a), n. The 
food or enjoyment of an ahupuaa. 

I Aiahupuaa (ai-a'-hu-pu-a'a), v. To 
! care for and enjoy the income of 
i an ahupuaa, a division of land. 
i Aiai (a'i-a'i), adj. Bright, as moon- 
light; fair; white; clear: He ma- 
lamalama aiai, pure, as gold. 
Aiai (a'i-a'i), adv. Clearly; in a bril- 
liant manner. 
Aiai (ai-ai), n. A dependent; one 
who lives on the resources of an- 
other: He aiai makou a Moi, we 
! are Moi's dependents. 
I Aiai (a'i-a'i), n. Brightness; clear- 
ness: ua like ke keokeo me ka aiai. 
I Aiai (a'i-a'i), v. To be white; to be 
I bright, clear, brilliant, shining, etc. 




Aiaiakuula (a'i-a'i-a-ku'-j'-la), n. A 
god, the son of Hinahele (his moth 
er) and Kuula (his father). He was 
a god of fishermen: he akua lawaia 

Aiaina (a'i-a'i-na), v. [Ai, to eat, and 
aina, land.] To enjoy, to possess 
land; to own land: aole ia i aiaina, 
he did not possess land. 
Aialaala (a'i-a'-la-a'-la), n. Scrofula. 

Aialala (a'i-aMa-la'), n. A tuber pro- 
duced away from a plant's mound. 

Aialii (a'i-a-li'i), v. [AI, to enjoy the 
benefits of, and aiii, chief.] To en- 
joy the ease, honor and dignity of 
a chief; to act the chief. See hoo- 

Aialo (a'i-a'-lo), n. [AI, to eat, and 
alo, in front. To eat before.] 1. The 
people about the chief; his atten- 
dants, as distinguished from the 
poe makaainana; kanaka aialo no 
ke alii. 2. A prince or princess; 
those about a king: Pau loa na 
makaainana a me na aialo i ka pii 
iuka, all the common people and 
those about the chief we-nt up the 
mountain. 3. A hanger-on who lives 
lazily with a chief and eats his 

Aiana (a'i-a'-na), n. [Mod. Eng. The 
Hawaiian pronunciation of iron.] A 
flat iron. (For the metal, see hao.) 

Aiana (a'i-a'-na), v. [Modern.] To 
iron; to make smooth with an iron. 

Aiau (a'i-a'u), n. A person who prac- 
tices witchcraft. 

Aiau (a'i-a'u), v. 1. To pray to death 
or poison, as was formerly prac- 
ticed. 2. To show covetousness, as: 
ua aiau aku i ka hai, he coveted 
what was another's; to search out 
with the eyes: "Maka aiau i ko 
hai wahi a anunu iho la." 3. To 
become weary and discouraged by 
long-continued labor. 

Aie (a'i-e'), adj. Indebted; under ob- 
ligation to render some equivalent 
for something received. 

Aie (a'i-e'), adv. Again: e haawi aie, 
to give to be paid again. 

Aie (a'i-e'), n. 1. Indebtedness; the 
state of being in debt: he poe aie 
kakou, we are debtors. 2. A debt; 
that which is due for any cause: e 
lawe aie, to go in debt for a thing. 
E haawi ale, to give (lend) on 

Aie (a'i-e'), v, [Ai, to eat, and e, be- 
forehand, that is, to eat or enjoy 
a thing before it is paid for. From 

the custom of paying for work be- 
fore it was done.] 1. To owe; to 
be indebted: aole oia (o Kameha- 
meha) i ale, he (Kamehameha) 
never went into debt. 2. To enjoy 
something yet to be paid for: e 
lawe e i ka waiwai a mahope hoo- 

Aiea (a'i-e'-a), n. Fatigue; weariness. 
Syn: Aieana. 

Aiea (ai-e'a), n. 1. Species of hard- 
wood tree found on Lanai and other 
islands. It is used for finishing off 
canoes. 2. A place in the district 
of Ewa on the island of Oahu, Ha- 

Aieana (a'i-e-a'-na), adj. Travel- 
weary, as one who walks wearily up 
and down precipices: he hele aike- 
na, he maloeloe. 

Aieana (a'i-e-a'-na), n. Fatigue; 

Aihaha (a'i-ha'-ha'), n. The leafstalks 
of the taro plant that are used as 
food; especially, the young leaves 
of the taro, which were common 
articles of food among the poorer 
classes. He aihaha ka na luahine. 

Aihalale (a'i-ha'-la-le'), v. [Ai, to eat, 
and halale, a sup.] 1. To take into 
the mouth with the lips, as liquid 
or semi-liquid food; to sup. 2. To 
live lazily at another's expense; to 
be attached to a place or person 
without being engaged or employ- 
ed; to be parasitic. 

Aihamu (ai'-ha'-mii), n. 1. The food 
left after a meal; a morsel; a 
crumb. 2. Matter scraped off, as 
from the stones of an imu (under- 
ground oven); leavings or savings; 

Aihamu (a'i-ha'-mii) , v. 1. To eat the 
fragments or crumbs, as of food. 2. 
To destroy wantonly; to waste: Ua 
alhamuia ka mala uala. 3. To cause 
to be destroyed or killed; to ruin: 
Ua alhamuia ke keiki e ke kahuna 

Aihea (ai-he'a), adv. 1. At what 
place; where. 2. To what place; 
whither. 3. Near what place; 

Alhuawaa (a-i'-hii-a-wa'a), adj. 1. 
Wandering; roaming or roving; 
vagabondish. 2. Floating or car- 
ried along by a current; drifting. 

Alhuawaa (a-i'-hii-a-wa'a), n. One who 
wanders from place to place with- 
out fixed habitation or visible 




means of support, and usually a 
worthless fellow; a tramp, a vaga- 

Aihuawaa (a-i'-hu-a-wa'a), v. 1. To 
wander about in an idle manner; 
to play the vagabond. 2. To float 
or be carrted along by a current ; to 

Aihue (ai-hu'e), adj. Addicted to the 
practice of theft; given to stealing; 

Aihue (ai-hu'e), n. One who steals 
furtively or without violence, as 
distinguished from a robber; in 
law, one who commits larceny; a 
petty thief, a purloiner; a filcher; 
a pilferer. 

Aihue (ai-hu'e), V. [Ai, food, and hue, 
to steal.] To steal food. Applied 
also to any furtive, covert, or sur- 
reptitious taking of anything, 
whether material or immaterial, 
hence: 1. To take away, especially 
from another's direct possession, 
without right, authority, or permis- 
sion, and usually in a secret man- 
ner for one's own use, advantage, 
or gratification; to steal. 2. To 
commit larceny; to thieve or steal. 

Aihuea (ai-hu-e'a), v. A corruption of 
aihueia, the past participle of ai- 

Aihueia (ai-hu'e-i'a), v. Stolen, pil- 
fered. Waiwai aihueia; stolen 
goods; in law. goods taken feloni- 

Aihueia (ai-hu'e-i'a), v. Stolen, pil- 
fered, the past participle of aihue. 

Aihuehia (ai-hu'e-hi'a), v. A corrup- 
tion of aihueia, with the expletive 

Aihuelia (ai-hu'e-li'a), v. A corrup- 
tion of aihueia, with the expletive 

Aiililoko (a'i'-i-ll-lo'-ko), v. [A I, to en- 
joy, ili, the skin, surface (of land), 
loko, that which is contained in 
something else.] 1. To have or 
possess a division of land less than 
an ahupuaa. 2. To have the use 
of sea fisheries or fish ponds sub- 
ject to the hakuaina or owner. 

Aikahaula (ai-ka'-ha-u-la), n. A las- 
civious dream. Syn: Moekahaula. 

Aikane (a'i-ka'-ne), n. 1. A sodomite. 
(Obsolete.) 2. An intimate and 
trustworthy companion; a friend. 

Aikane (ai-ka'-ne), v. 1. To commit 
sodomy. (Obsolete.) 2. To exer- 
cise a kindly feeling or good will 

toward another; to act the part of 
a friend; to become a friend. 

Aikapa (ai-ka'-pa), n. 1. One who en- 
joys the profits of a small piece of 
land with the owner of same. 2. A 
person who shares with another in 
the affection of one of the opposite 
sex. 3. One who pays only a part 
of his debt. Syn: Ailihi. 

Aikapa (ai-ka'-pa), v. 1. To care for 
a small division of land and share 
the income from it with the owner. 
2. To share with another in the af- 
fection and favor of one of the op- 
posite sex. 3. To pay only a part 
of a debt and withhold the re- 

Aikapu (ai-ka'-pu), n. The observance 
of the rules of the kapu (tabu). 

Aikapu (ai-ka'-pa), v. [Ai, to eat, 
and kapu, forbidden.] 1. To eat ac- 
cording to the restrictions of the 
kapu (tabu). 2. To observe the 
rules or ceremonies of the kapu: 
opposed to ainoa, 

Aikena (ai-ke'-na), v. 1. To be so 
fatigued and discouraged as to give 
up one's work. 2. To grow fatigued 
or tired; to become weary. 3. To 
weary with physical or mental ex- 
ertion; to exhaust by continued 
strain, application, or trouble; to 
tire out; to fatigue. 

Aikepa (ai-ke'-pa), adj. 1. Cut or 
i torn off slantly or obliquely, as 
! with the teeth or an edged instru- 
ment. 2. Fitted by rabbeting; rab- 

Aikepa (ai-ke'-pa), v. 1. To seize with 
the teeth so as to tear off with a 
slight turn of the head; to bite off 
slantly. 2. To cut or sever off ob- 
liquely, as with an edged instru- 
I ment. 3. To cut a rectangular 
groove or rabbet in; to rabbet. 

Aikepakepa (ai-ke'-pa-ke'-pa), v. 1. 
To make the jaws come suddenly 
together in an effort to bite; to 
snap. 2. To speak rapidly and ex- 
citedly; to talk so fast that one's 
words appear to- overlap. 3. To 
tattle; to talk idly. 

Aiki (a-i'-ki), v. 1. To begin to ap- 
pear bright or luminous; to reflect 
or receive a faint light; to light up 
dimly. 2. To look slyly or in- 
spectingly; to look furtively, as 
from a place of concealment; to 
peek; to peep. 




Aikoia (ai-ko'-la), interj. An excla- 
mation expressing triumph, joy, en- 
couragement, or applause mingled 
with contempt; also, one expres- 
sive of derision, scorn, contempt, 
mockery, etc. Ua eo ia lakou, aiko- 
ia! They won, hurrah! Ua hopuia 
ka aihue, aikoia! The thief is 
caught, it serves him right! 

Aikoia (ai-ko'-la), n. A feeling en- 
tertained toward some one or some- 
thing regarded as so inferior as to 
be unworthy of attention; also, the 
manifestation by word or action of 
such a feeling, contempt springing 
from pride or a sense of superior- 
ity; disdain; derision, scorn. 

Aikoia (ai-ko'-la), v. 1. To hold in or 
treat with scorn or extreme con- 
tempt; to deride; to spurn; to de- 
spise; to scorn. 2. To treat one 
according to his deserts; to serve 
one right: generally referring to 
some kind of retaliation or punish- 
ment. Syn: Akola. 

Aiku (a'-i'-ku'), n. 1. The band of a 
garment which passes around the 
neck; a collar. 2. A spasmodic af- 
fection of the muscles of the neck 
which draws the head toward the 
affected side; a torticollis; a wry- 
neck; a stiff neck. 

Aiku (Tii-ku'), v, 1. To eat in a man- 
ner not conformable to the usual 
or ordinary practice, habit, custom, 
or rule; to take food that is set 
apart as temporarily or perma- 
nently sacred or forbidden to use. 
2. To act contrary to custom, pre- 
scribed rule, or established pre- 
cedent; to overlook, disregard, or 
take no notice of a tabu. 

Aikukuku (a'i-ku-ku'-ku), n. A con- 
tagious disease of the skin attend- 
ed with intense itching and forma- 
tion of watery pustules caused by 
the burrowing of the itch-mite; the 
scabies; the itch. 

Aikukuku (a'i-ku-ku'-ku), v. To feel 
a peculiar irritation or titillation of 
the skin which inclines one to 
scratch it; to be affected with the 
itch or the scabies; to itch. 

Aikupuu (a'i-ku-pu'u), n. 1. Food eat- 
en without ceremony or previous 
preparation. 2. Dry food, as baked 
taro or other vegetables. 

Aikupuu (a'i-ku-pu'u), v. Totakefood 
in the hand just as it comes from 

the oven or imu and eat it without 

Aila (a'i-la), n. 1. A neutral liquid 
that is insoluble in water; oil. 2. 
Lard; fat; grease. 3. A fatty 
preparation with a butter-like con- 
sistency with which some medical 
substance has been incorporated; 
an ointment. 4. The Palma-Christi; 
the castor-oil plant (Ricinus com- 
munis). See koli, kaapeha. 

Alia (a'i-la), V. 1. To smear, rub, soak, 
or treat with oil; to oil. 2. To ap- 
ply oil; to lubricate; hence, figura- 
tively, to render smooth and pleas- 

Ailaaila (ai-lai'-la), adv. 1. In or at 
that place; there. 2. To that place; 
in that quarter or direction; 

Ailalo (ai-la'-16), adv. Down there, at, 
or in that place; down below: op- 
posed to ailuna (up; upward). 

Ailea (ai'-le'a), v. To copulate with 

Ailepe (a'-i'-le'-pe), adj. 1. Furnished 
or adorned with a ruffle or ruff; 
ruffled; ruffed. 2. Puckered; wrin- 
kled; crumpled; rucked. 

Ailepe (a'-i'-le'-pe), v. 1. To make in- 
to a ruffle or ruff; to draw into 
folds, gathers, or puckers; to fur- 
nish with ruffles; to ruffle. 2. To 
form into irregular wrinkles, folds, 
or ridges; to crumple; to wrinkle; 
to ruck. 3. To erect in a ruff or 
ruffle, as a bird its feathers; to 
swell or stand out like a ruff; to 

Ailepo (ai-le'-po), n. 1. A dimmed 
or dirty appearance on a surface, 
as of water; also, muddy or turbid 
water caused by disturbing the sedi- 
ment: usually an indication of the 
presence of fish. 2. A shoal; a 
school of fish. 3. A cloud of dust; 
also, dust whirled about by an eddy 
of wind; dust-whirl. 

Aili (a-I'-li), v. 1. To struggle for 
breath; to breathe convulsively; to 
gasp. 2. To draw short, labored 
breaths; to palpitate; to pant. 3. 
To give a sharp, sudden pull, 
twitch, or start to; to jerk. 

Ailia (a-i-li'a), v. A contraction of ai- 
liia, the past participle of aili. 

Ailihi (ai-li'-hi), n. Same as aikapa. 

Allihl (ai-li'-hi), v. Same as aikapa. 

Ailii (ai-li'i), v. To enjoy the dignity 
of a chie-f ; to be noble. 




Ailolo (ai-16'-16). adj. 1. Expert by 
practice; skilled by use or habit; 
experienced. 2. Having or demand- 
ing skill; proficient; perfected. 3. 
Appointed by fate; destined; doom- 
ed; fated: ka puaa ailolo; the fated 

Ailolo (ai-lo'-16), interj. An excla- 
mation expressing derision, scorn, 
contempt, mockery, etc. Ah! aha! 
it serves one right! He keiki hoo- 
lohe ole i lele i ka pali a make, 
ailolo! A disobedient child leaped 
the precipice and was killed — it 
serves him right! 

Ailolo (ai-16'-16), n. 1. A religious 
ceremony observed upon the ad- 
mission of one to a profession or 
calling, as a priesthood, at which a 
hog is offered in sacrifice and a 
part of it eaten. 2. One who is ad- 
mitted to a profession or calling; a 
professional man. 3. The admis- 
sion of one to a rank or degree at 
the end of a course of study; the 
completion of a course, 

Ailolo (ai-lo'-16), v. 1. To allow to 
pursue a profession or calling; to 
admit to practice, especially in sor- 
cery, soldiery, wrestling, etc. 2. To 
receive a rank or degree at the end 
of a course of study; to finish or 
complete a course. 3. To try by 
examination and comparison; to 
put to the proof; to test: Ua ailolo 
i ka puaa hiwa. 

Ailuna (ai-lu'-na), adv. Up; up above; 

Almahaha (ai'-ma-ha-ha'), n. Food 
made from a certain species of taro 
that becomes hard and friable after 
it is baked and readily mixes into a 
soft and tough paste or poi before 
it is thoroughly crushed or pound- 
ed, thereby producing a mixture} 
full of lumps and unfit for use; ai 
thick and lumpy paste made from] 
friable taro; lumpy poi. I 

Aimalu (ai'-ma-lu'), v. 1. To eat se- 
cretly; to take food without thej 
knowledge of others. 2. To trans- 
gress or break a law secretly. 3. 
To eat with one contrary to the 

Aimoku (ai-mo'-ku), adj. 1. Exercis- 
ing or possessing supreme jurisdic- 
tion or power, as over a district, 
or island; controlling; ruling. Na 
'Hi aimoku; the (governors) rul- 

ing chiefs. 2. Highest in rank or 
authority; head; chief. 

Aimoku (ai-mo'-ku), n. 1. One who 
has dominion or authority over a 
district or island; a ruler; a chief; 
a governor. 2. The office, author- 
ity, or term of office of a chief, 
ruler, or governor; chief ship; ruler- 
ship; governorship. 3. A conqueror. 

AIna (ai'-na), adj. 1. Eating; dining: 
papa aina, dining table. 2. Rejec- 
ed as unfit for or of no use; thrown 
away; refuse: Ke ko aina, the 
refuse cane. 

Aina (a'-i-na), n. 1. A series of short, 
sharp sounds in rapid succession; 
a crepitating or crackling sound; a 
crackling. 2. An explosive sound; 
a sudden loud noise; a report. 3. 
The act of snapping, or a sharp 
quick sound produced by it; a snap. 
4. A loud, prolonged, sonorous 
sound or succession of sounds; a 

Aina (ai'-na), n. 1. The exposed sur- 
face of the earth as opposed to the 
oceans and seas; land. 2. A coun- 
try or district, large or small; a 
pasture; a farm; a field. 3. Land 
surrounded by water; an island. 4. 
A continent or mainland, as dis- 
tinguished from an island. 

Aina (ai'-na), n. 1. The portion or 
quantity of food taken to satisfy 
the appetite; the substance of a re- 
past; a meal. 2. That which is 
thrown away during or after eat- 
ing; the refuse or discarded portion 
of a meal. 3. Anything refused or 
discarded as worthless; refuse; 
rubbish; trash: aina ko, cane trash. 

Aina (ai-na'), n. Soreness; ache; pain 
that comes from over exercise. 

Aina (aina'), v. To be sore; to ache; 
to suffer pain. 

Aina (ai'-nS,), v. [A contraction of 
alia ana, the present participle, 
passive form, of the verb ai.] Be- 
ing eaten, consumed, or devoured; 
being destroyed or ruined: Aina o 
Hawaii e ka pele; Hawaii is be- 
ing destroyed by the volcano. 

Aina (ai'-na), v. 1. To make ready 
for eating. 2. To furnish food. 

Ainahooiiina (ai'-na-ho'o-i-li'-na), n. 1. 
That which is or is to be inherited, 
especially land; inherited property 
or estate. 2. An estate that des- 
cends to the heir of the last holder, 
and falls to him by operation of 




law; an inheritance. Properly 
written as two separate words; as, 
aina hooilina. 

Ainakea (ai'-na-ke'-a), n. 1. The dry 
and white refuse of sugar cane 
after the juice has been expressed; 
cane trash; bagasse. 2. The sugar 
cane (Saccharum officinarum), 
especially the white species. 

Aina-kupono (ai-na kti'-po-no), n. 
[Aina, land, and kupono, upright- 
ness.] Land free from all rent and 

Ainaole (ai-na-o'-le), v. 1. To eat 
without noise, usually in secret; to 
take food secretly and silently. 2. 
To conceal one's crime so com- 
pletely as to leave no vestige, 
mark, or trace; to cover up. 

Ainea (ai-ne'-a), v. To exhaust by 
continued strain, application, or 
trouble; to weary with continuous 
physical or mental exertion; to tire 

Ainemanema (ai'-ne'-ma-ne'-ma), v. 1. 
To find fault with or object to cap- 
tiously; to pick flaws or raise 
frivolous objections; to cavil. 2. 
To caluminate; to defame; to slan- 
der; to vilify. 

Ainoa (ai-nS'-a), n. One who eats 
freely or without restrictions; first 
applied to the early converts who 
ate together, regardless of sex, at 
tho time of the abolition of idolatry. 

Ainoa (ai-no'-a), n. The taking of 
food in an unrestricted manner, es- i 
pecially since the abolition of idol- 1 
atry; free eating. 

Al'noa (ai-no'-a), v. 1. To partake of 
food that is free from restrictions, 
as during the intermission or ces- 
sation of a tabu; to consume or eat 
with certain immunities. 2. To 
take food in an unrestricted man- 
ner; to eat freely. 

Aio (ai-6'), inter j. An exclamation in- 
tended to attract attention, or t® 
encourage in a concerted effort to 
lift or draw some heavy burden, as 
a canoe. Heigh! heigho! heigh-ho! 

Aioeoe (a'-i'-o'e-o'e), n. [Al, neck, 
and oeoe, slim.] 1. A slim or slen- 
der neck. 2. One who or that which 
has a slender neck; a slim-neck; 
first used as a distinctive appella- 
tion for the missionaries' wives on 
account of the fashion of their bon- 
nets, which gave them the appear- 
ance of having slim necks. Ua ka- 

pa aku na kanaka i na wahine a 
na misionari he aioeoe. 

Aiohaha (ai'-o'-ha'-ha'), n. [Ai, food, 
and ohaha, thrifty.] Food, such as 
taro, potatoes, or vegetables, that 
is full-sized and perfect; thrifty 
foodplants. (Properly written as 
two separate words; as, ai ohaha). 

Aiohalau (ai'-o'-ha-lau'), n. [Ai, food, 
oha, the suckers or sprouts of the 
taro, and lau, leaves.] The leaves 
of the taro sprouts, or the matured 
leaves of the taro itself, that are 
used as food; especially, food for 
domestic animals; feed. 

Aiokaokai (ai'-o'-ka-o-kai'), n. New 
fresh, sweet food, like poi newlv 
pounded: he ai hou, he ai manalo. 
Such food is also called pololei. 

Aioolea (a'-i'-o'o-le'a), n. 1. A stiff 
neck. 2. Perverseness; disobedi- 

Aipa (ai'-pa), n. Mod. An ancient 
Jewish dry measure of the same 
volume as a bath; an ephah. See 

Aipaa (ai-pa'a'), n. 1. Food made of 
taro that is crushed or pounded in- 
to a hard mass or pulp, usually pre- 
pared and preserved in bundles 
covered with ti leaves; hard food. 
2. Poi prepared without water or 
mixed with very little water so as 
not to lose its consistency; hard 

Aipalae (a i'-pa-la'e), n. 1. The scrof- 
ula; king's evil (once supposed to 
be curable by a monarch's touch). 
2. A scrofulous neck. 

Aipau (ai-pa'u), v. To eat all of a 

Aipoaia (ai'-po-a'-lS), n. The act of 
gulping, or something gulped 
down; a swallow; a gulp. 

Aipoaia (ai'-po-a'-la), v. 1. To swal- 
low eagerly and in large drafts; to 
gulp. 2. To become suffocated, 
partly or completely; to choke. 

Aipoola (ai'-po'o-la), adj. Pertaining 
to or designed for commemoration; 

Aipoola (ai'-po'o-la'), n. 1. A feast to 
commemorate the completion of 
some extra hard work. 2. The cele- 
bration of some particular achieve- 

Aipuhiu (ai'-pu-hi'u), n. The taking 
of food in an unrestricted manner; 
free eating. 




Aipuhlu (ai'-pu-hi'u), v. (Obsolete.) 
To take food without restriction; to 
eat freely. See ainoa. 

Aipuka (ai-pu'-ka), n. Same as ipu- 

ka, an entrance, etc. 
Aipuni (ai-pu'-ni), v. 1. To environ; 
to encompass; to encircle. 2. To 
go or walk around; to make a cir- 
cuit about; to circumambulate. 
Aipuu (a'-i'-pu'u), n. 1. A lumped, 
calloused, or swollen neck. 2. Aj 
morbid enlargement or swelling of j 
the neck or shoulder, usually | 
caused by carrying heavy burdens I 
thereon with the auamo (carrying! 
pole). 3. One who has a lumped,' 
calloused, or swollen neck; a cal-j 
lous-necked person. | 

Aipuupuu (a'-i'-pu'u-pu'u), adj. Hav-| 
ing the functions or qualities of a i 
steward; hence, provident; stew-j 
ardlike. I 

Aipuupuu (a'-i'-pu'u-pu'u), n. 1. An of- 
ficer in charge of the domestic af- 1 
fairs of a royal household, and | 
especially of the table; a steward.! 
2. A man servant who has charge ; 
of the dining-room, wine, plate, etc.,! 
usually the head servant in a royal | 
household; formerly, an officer! 
who had charge of a royal wine- 
cellar; a butler. ! 

Aipuupuu (a'-i'-pu'u-pu'u), v. 1. To I 
perform duties of personal service! 
or attendance; to serve or wait on. i 
2. To have charge of the domestic! 
affairs of a royal household, and 
especially of the table; to act as 

Aiuhauha (a'-i'-u'-ha-u'-ha), n. [Ai, j 
neck, and uhauha, rigid or stiff.] A 
wryneck; a torticollis; a stiff-neck. 

Aiuhauha (ai-u'-ha-u'-ha), n. One 
who eats wastefully or with foolish 
lavishness; a wasteful or riotous 

Aiwa (5,-r-wa), adj. Consisting of 
one more than eight or of thrice 
three; nine: a cardinal numeral. 
See eiwa. 

Aiwaiu (ai'-wa!-u'), adj. 1. Character- 
istic of an infant or of extreme 
youth; infant; infantile. 2. Un- 
weaned; suckling. 

Aiwaiu (ai'-wai-u'), n. 1. A child dur- 
ing the first or earliest stage of 
life; a babe; an infant. 2. An un- 
weaned mammal; a suckling. 

Aiwaiwa (a-i'-wa-i'-wa), adj. Persis- 
tent of purpose; persevering. 

Aiwaiwa (a-i'-wa-i'-wa), n. In a good 
sense: 1. Possession of eminently 
or unusually good qualities; a good 
characteristic; excellence; supe- 
riority. 2. A skilled or practised 
person; an expert; a proficient. — In 
a bad sense: 3. A bad name or 
character; loss of reputation; dis- 
repute; also, the state of being too 
publicly or unfavorably known; no- 
toriety. 4. One who is unfavorably 
known to the public; a person of 
notoriety or ill repute, 5. A myth- 
ical or fabulous animal; specifi- 
cally, a fabled dog: A ike aku la ia 
Kalahumoku i ke aiwaiwa o Ta- 

Aiwaiwa (a-i'-wa-i'-wa), v. To persist 
in any purpose or enterprise; to 
continue striving in spite of dis- 
couragements; to persevere. 

Aiwaiwa (a-i'-wa'-i'-wa), v. In a good 
sense: 1. To be superior to; to 
surpass others; to excel. In a bad 
sense: 2. To fall into disrepute; 
to have a bad name or character; 
to become dishonorable or dis- 
graceful; to be unfavorably known 
to the public; to become notorious. 

Aka (a'-ka). A particle set before 
verbs to express carefulness, reg- 
ularity of proceeding: aka hele, go 
carefully; aka holo, sail or run 
slowly; aka hana, work carefully; 
aka noho, sit quietly. 

Aka (aka'), conj. But; if not; on the 
other hand. (The word is generally 
used to express strong opposition.) 

Aka (a'-ka), n. 1. The shadow of a 
person; the figure or outline of a 
thing; a similitude or likeness. 
Nah. 12:8. (The shade of a tree or 
house is malu.) 2. Fig.: a shadow; 
frailty; impotence. 3. The break- 
ing of moonlight; the faint light 
which precedes the rising of the 

Aka (a'-ka), v. To light up, as the 
moon before rising: Ua aka ka ma- 
hina kokoke puka, ua aka mai la. 
How is the moon? It is near rising, 
it lights up. 

Aka (a'-ka), v. To laugh; to deride: 
1 kou noonoo ana i keia kumu ma- 
nao, ua aka iki mai no ka pono. In 
thinking of this composition, I 
smiled at its corretitness. (The 
form, akaaka, is more generally 




Akaa (a-ka*a'), adj. Anything broken 

up; not cohering: He akaa wale, he 

pipili ole. 
Akaa (a'-ka'a), v, 1. To break open, 

as a seal. 2. To tear or take up, 

as a mat. 
Akaaka (a'-ka-a'-ka), n. Laughter; 

exhilaration of spirits. 
Akaaka (a'-ka-a'-ka), v. 1. To laugh; 

to laugh at. 2. To ridicule; to 

show derision through laughter. 

[See aka, to laugh.] 
Akaakaa (a-ka'a-ka*a), adj. 1. Poor; 

lean; reduced in flesh. 2. Tired 

out; fatigued; exhausted. 
Akaakaa (a-ka'a'-ka'a'), n. The falling 

off of the scarf-skin after a course 

of drinking awa. 

Ua mahuna i ka awa, 

Ua akaakaa ka ili, 

He piiahilohilo ke kua i ka lepo, 

Ua akaakaa. 

Akaakaa (a'-ka'a-ka'a), v. 1. To fall 
off, as the old thatching of a house. 
2. To break up, as the roof or sides 
of a house: Ua akaakaa ia e ka mea 
kolohe; it was pulled off by some 
mischievous one. 3. To strip or tear 
off the skin of an animal, bark of a 
tree*, etc. See akaa, to break up. 

Akaakai (a'-ka'a-kai), n. 1. A plant 
(Scirpus lacustris) common in 
standing water. Bulrushes out of 
which mats and bags are made. 2. 
The common onion. (Onions have 
taken the same name from the 
similarity of the tops.) 

Akaha (a-ka'-ka), n. Same as ekaha. 

Akahai (a'-ka-hai'), adj. Modest; 
gentle; not proud; unassuming. 

Akahai (a-ka-ha'i), n. Meekness; 
modesty; gentleness: Poe akahai, 
the meek. 

Akahai (a'-ka-ha'i), v. To be tender 
of heart; to be meek. 

Akahele (a-ka-he'-le), v. [Aka, care- 
fully, and hele, to go.] 1. To go 
slowly or moderately in doing a 
thing; to go carefully; the opposite 
of hikiwawe: E hikiwawe mai i 
ka lohe, e akahele hoi i ka olelo; 
be quick to hear but slow to speak. 
2. Used also imperatively; beware; 
be cautious: E akahele ka pepehi 
mai o oukou i ke akua, beware of 
your striking the god; e akahele 
ka huhu, mai hikiwawe, be slow to 
anger, not quick. 

Akahenehene (a-ka-he'-ne-he'-ne), v. 
[Aka, to laugh, and henehene, to 

ridicule.] To laugh to scorn; to 
laugh in derision or mockery. 

Akahi (a-ka'-hi), adv. Once; just 
now; expressive of greatness or 
superiority. Emphatically: Akahi 
no au i lohe i ka hekili, once have I 
heard it thunder — that is, thunder 
loudly: Akahi no au i ike i ka ino, 
once have I witnessed a storm — 
that is, never one so great before. 

Akahi (a-ka'-hi), n. The numeral one; 
the number one. 

Akahiakahi (a-ka'-hi-a-ka'-hi), n. A 
novice; a beginner: Aole ka mea 
akahiakahi e holo i ka ino o make 
auanei i ka moana a pae kupapau 
aku i Lanai; let not the inexperi- 
enced sail out in a storm lest he 
die in the ocean and his dead body 
float ashore on Lanai. 

Akaiki (a'-ka-i'-ki), n. A rejoicing in 
consequence of hope; desire in pro- 
portion to the prospect of receiving 
a thing. 

Akaiki (a'-ka-i'-ki), v. [Aka, to laugh, 
and iki a little.] 1. To be pleased; 
to smile; to be gratified on receiv- 
ing a favor: Akaiki lakou me ka 
olioli no ka loaa o ko lakou wai- 
wai, they smiled with pleasure on 
obtaining their property. 2. To 
laugh in one's sleeve; to laugh 
secretly: Na hoa nohoi i kani ai ka 
akaiki i ua wahi la; the companions 
also chuckled at us at that place. 

Akaka (a-ka'-ka), adj. 1. Luminous; 
transparent; clear as water. 2. 
Shining; bright, as the moon. 3. 
Certain; distinct; plain: He akaka, 
kokoe like me ke aniani kona aka- 
ka ana, clear, almost like glass. 

Akaka (a-ka'-ka), adv. Plainly, clear- 
ly: Akaka loa, very plainly; very 

Akaka (a-ka'-ka), n. A rent; a par- 
tial separation of parts; a chink. 
The word is not often used. See 
nakaka and owa. 

Akaka (a-ka'-ka), v. 1. To be plain; 
to be clear, as a thought or the ex- 
pression of an idea; to be distinct, 
intelligible, as language. 2. To be 
clear, transparent, as glass. 

Akakalani (a-ka'-ka-la'-ni), n. A great, 
inexplicable, light that fills the 
heavens ; remarkable atmospheric 
phenamena, perhaps the after-glow. 
Poetical for akalani. 

Akakani (a'-ka-ka'-ni), n. A small 
bird with bright red feathers found 




in the forests. (Himatione san- 
guinea.) Same as apapani. 

Akake (a-ka-ke'), adj. Spry; light, as 
one walking or running; unburden- 
ed: He akake no oe, you are spry, 
quick at walking. 

Akakiwi (a-ka-ki'-wi), v. To strike 
with a sidelong stroke; to strike 
obliquely as in swinging a weapon. 

Akakuu (a'-ka-ku'u), adj. In a lower 
degree; more quiet. 

Akakuu (a-ka-ku'u'), n. A falling into 
a state of quiet; abatement of wind 
or rain; subsidence. 

Akakuu (a'-ka-ku'u), v. To be lessen 
ed, diminished, mitigated; to let 

Akakuu (a-ka-ku'u), v. 1. To cease; 
to abate; to grow calm, as wind, 
rain, surf, anger: Ua akakuu mai 
ka makani, the wind has abated; 
ua akakuu mai ka ua; akakuu mai 
ka ino o ke kaikoo; to be gentle; 
quiet. 2. To be settled; calmed; 
quieted; appeased in mind; ua aka- 
kuu mai ka huhu o ke alii i na ka- 
naka, the anger of the chief towards 
the people is appeased: ua akakuu 
mai ke alii, aole ino ramahou; the 
mind of the chief is settled, he will 
drink no more rum. 

Akala (a-ka'-la), n. 1. A species of 
raspberry (Rubus macraei). Grows 
at elevations of 4,000 to 6,000 feet. 
Fruit often attains diameter of two 
inches, is of a deep red color, very 
juicy and although slightly bitter, 
quite agreeable to the taste. 2. Pink 
tapa dyed to represent the akala. 
3. A dye made from the juice of 
the akala. 4. A pink color. 

Akalani (a-ka-la'-ni), n. Same as aka- 

Akalau (a'-ka-lau'), n. See kinoaka- 
lau and Wailua. A ghost that ap- 
pears to some people, but not to 

Akalel (a-ka-lei'), n. A string of vari- 
egated glass beads worn around 
the neck. 

Akamai (a-ka-mai'), adj. Wise; skill- 
ful; ingenious; expert; sagacious; 
learned: Akamai me ka naau. 

Akamai (a-ka-mai'), n. Wisdom; 
skill; inge-nuity 

Akamai (a-ka-mai'), v. To be wise: j 
Makemake au e akamai oukou a 
pau, I wish that you may all be- 
come wise; to be skillful; to make 

wise; to make skillful. Mostly used 
in the causative. 

Akaolelo (a'-ka-o-le'-lo), v, [Aka, 
carefully, and olelo, to speak.] To 
speak cautiously; to speak -delib- 
erately, advisedly; to be moderate 
in the use of language. Same mean- 
ing as the phrase, e akahele kao- 

Akaoo (a-ka-o'o), adj. Applied to a 
.person who is close, hard or stingy; 

Akau (a-kau'), adj. The right; on 
the right: lima akua, the right 
hand; ma ka aoao akau, on the 
right side. (In geography, the per- 
son is supposed to stand with his 
face to the west; hence the right 
hand is towards the north, and his 
left to the south: Aoao akau, north 
side; aoao hema, south side; welau 
akau, north pole, etc.) 

Akau (akau'), n. North; one of the 
four cardinal points of the com- 

Ake (a'-ke), n. 1. The liver. Syn: 
Akepaa. 2. Ake is a general name 
for several internal organs, quali- 
fied by different terms: Akeloa, 
the spleen; akemama, the lungs. 

Ake (a'-ke), v. To desire; to wish for 
a thing: ake nui no lakou e haule 
ka ua, they greatly desire that rain 
should fall; to pant after: ake nui 
kahi poe i ka waiwai, certain peo- 
ple greatly desire property; to wish 
to do a thing: ake no na kamalii e 
paani: to be willing; ake no na ka- 
naka i ka hewa. 

Ake (a-ke'), v. To find fault with; to 
tell lies about one. 

Akea (a-ke'-a), adj. Broad; spacious; 
open; not crowded; public; ua kaa- 
wale ka hale, ua akea oloko. 

Akea (a-ke'-a), adv. Openly; pub- 
licly: ua hana akea ia; it was done 

Akea (a-ke'-a), n. A broad open 
space; a place not concealed. 

Akea (a-ke'-a), v. To be broad; to be 
vast; to be remote; to be extended 
in breadth. 

Akeakamai (a'-ke-a'-ka-mai), n. [Ake, 
desire, and akamai, skill.] A lover 
of wisdom; a philosopher. 

Akeake (a'-ke-a'-ke), adj. [Freq. of 
ake, to desire.] Quick; ready; es- 
pecially to do a kindness. Syn: 




Akeake. n. A corrupt form of akeke. 
a bird of the plover class. 

Akeakea (a-ke'-a-ke'-a), adj. Faded; 
not tinted with original color. 

Akeakea (a-ke'-a-ke'-a), n. Dark gray 

Akeakea (a'-ke'a-ke'a), v. To block a 
passage; to hinder from passing; 
to obstruct. 

Akeakea (a-ke'-a-ke'-a), v. To fade; 
to become faded or gray. 

Akeke (a-ke'-ke), n. A small floating 
marine animal. 

Akeke (a-ke'-ke), n. A bird, a species 
of turnstone (Arenaria interpres). 
Also called akekeke. See keke. 

Akekee (a-ke'-ke'e), n. A little brown 
bird, resembling the wren, found 
on the mountain of Waialeale on 
Kauai; it was formerly worshiped 
by the natives as the god of the 
mountain. See akeke. 

Akekeke (a-ke'-ke'-ke), n. A bird, a 
species of turnstone, also called 
akeke and ukeke. 

Akelekele (a-ke'-le-ke'-le), n. A nar- 
row escape. 

Akeloa (a-ke-loa'), n. [Ake, liver and 
loa, long.] The spleen. Also call- 
ed akeniau. 

Akemakani (a'-ke-ma-ka'-ni), n. The 
lungs; organs of respiration in an 
air-breathing animal. Syn: Ake- 

Akemama (a-ke-ma'-ma'), n. [Ake, 
one of the internal vital organs, 
and mama, not heavy.] 1. The 
lungs. 2. The organs of respira- 
tion. Also called akemakani and 

Akena (a-ke'-na), adv. Boastfully; 

Akena (a-ke'-na), n. Empty boasting; 
adulation; the expression of a feel- 
ing of superiority; undue admira- 

Akena (a-ke'-na), v. To boast; to talk 
about one's self or one's affairs in 
a pretentious way; to brag. 

Akenakena (a-ke'-na-ke'-na). Inten- 
sive form of akena. 

Akeniau (a'-ke-ni'-au), n. The spleen. 
Same as akeloa. 

Akepa (a-ke'-pa), adj. Quick; nimble; 

Akepa (a-ke'-pa), n. 1. A bird (Hi- 
matione sanguinea). Also known 
as akakani. 2. A sprightly, active 

Akepaa (a'-ke-pa'a), n. The liver. 
See ake. 

Akepahoola (a'-ke-pa'-ho'o-la'), n. The 
lungs. Syn: Akemama. 

Akepakepa. Incorrect form for kepa- 
kepa, to dance or chant. 

Akerida (a'-ke-ri'-da), n. A species of 
grasshopper. See uhini. 

Akeukeu (a-ke'u-ke'u), adj. Active; 
ready; not slow; willing. 

Aki (a'-ki), adj. Backbiting; revil- 

Aki (a'-ki), n. A high place or sta- 
tion: Noho o Lahainaluna i ke aki, 
Lahainaluna sits on the heights. 

Aki (a-kl'), n. The knot that fastens 
the separate plaits or braids of hair 
in one lock; the plait itself after it 
is knotted: He lauoho aki loloa 
mahope; ke aki lauoho pupuni wai- 

Aki (a'-ki), n. 1. The stools on which 
canoes are placed when standing 
on shore. 2. A pillow. 3. Pain in 
the head; the headache. 4. Slan- 
der; a false report maliciously ut- 

Aki (a-ki), v. 1. To cut with the 
teeth; to bite; to wound or cut in 
two with the teeth. 2. To back- 
bite; to speak reproachfully of one 
absent; to taunt. 3. To spread false 
reports: Aki wahahee, e ake e he- 
wa ka mea hewa ole; to slander. 
(This verb has various forms. See 
aaki, aaaki, akiaki.) 4. To seize 
with the teeth and tear off, as in 
peeling sugar cane or husking the 
coconut. 5. To begin to heal or 
scar over, as a wound. 

Akia (a-ki'-a), n. A small shnib 
(Wikstromoeia foetida) two to 
twelve feet high. Contains an acrid 
narcotic principle which is used for 
narcotizing fish. The root and bark 
of the plant furnished the famous 
poison cup called apukoheoheo 
with which Kamanawa poisoned 
his wife. 

Akiahala (a-ki'-a-ha'-la), n. A small 
tree (Broussaisia arguta) that 
grows along the streams. It is also 
known as puahanui and as ka- 

Akiaki (n'-ki-a'-ki), adj. Mangy. 

Akiaki (a'-ki-a'-ki), n. 1. The scab 
or itch in cattle, dogs, etc.; the 
mange. 2. A backbiter; a reviler; 
a slanderer. 




Akiaki (a'-ki-a'-ki), n. A species of 
tough seaweed that adheres to the 
rocks. It is eaten for food. 

Akiaki (a'-ki-a'-ki), v. See aki. 1. 
To bite repeatedly. 2. To take 
away secretly little by little. 3. 
To nil^ble, as a fish at a hook. 

Akialoa (a-ki'-a-16'-a), n. A small yel- 
low bird (Hemignathus obscurus). 

Akihipolena (a-ki'-hi-po-le'-na), u. A 
small bird with red feathers (He- 
terorhynchus wilsoni). Resembles 
the akialoa; also known as akiapoo- 

Akihoolana (a'-ki-ho'o-la'-na), n. [Aki, 
stools for canoes, and hoolana, to 
float.] A dry dock: Ka hana ana i 
ka akihoolana i ke awa o Honolulu, 
building a dry dock in the harbor 
of Honolulu. 

Akiikii (a-ki'i'-ki*i'), n. The broad 
fish net used to catch the uhu, and 
described as "upena pakiikii." See 
pakiikii. This mode of fishing was 
called "kaka uhu." 

Akiki (a-ki'-ki). n. See ukiki. 

Akilolo (a'-ki'-16'-16), n. A species of 
small fish of brilliant color and pro- 
longed snout (Gomphosus varius). 
The akilolo was used by the old 
kahunas, or priests, in training 
their young candidates for the 
priesthood, the fish being used in 
some way to determine whether the 
candidate was a proper person for 
the office. 

Akilou (a'-ki-16'u), n. [Aki, to bite, 
and lou, a hook.] A hook biter, 
that is, a thief. (Thieves formerly 
supplied themselves with hooked 
rods to assist in obtaining articles 
of property; hence akilou, to apply 
the hook, was to steal.) 

Akilou (a'-kM6'u), v. To catch with a 
hook; to steal by the use of a hook. 

Akiohala (a'-ki-6-ha'-la), n. An erect 
sparingly branching under-shrub 
(Hibiscus youngianus) found in 
marshes and abandoned taro 

Akiu (a-ki'-u), n. A form of prayer 
used by Kukaaieulu, Kamalalawa- 
lu's kahuna: Akele akiu, kelekele 
akiu, kau aku akiu iluna o ke kau. 
He lua wai ia na Kane. 

Akiukiu (a-ki'-ii-ki'-u), adj. 1. Search- 1 
able; searching; probling. 2. Search- ' 
ing; penetrating: A me ka makani I 
akiukiu kipe pua hala o Puakei; ] 

the searching wind pelting the hala 
blossoms of Puakei. 

Akiukiu (a-ki'-ii-ki'-u), v. To spy; to 
lie in wait. See hoomakakiu, which 
is the general use. 

Ako (a'-ko), n. 1. The art of thatch- 
ing: Ua pau ka hale i ka akoia; 
mea ako hale, a house thatcher. 2. 
An infectious venereal disease. In 
women it is called ako; in men, 

Ako (a'-k6), V. 1. To cut, as with 
scissors; to cut, clip off; to crop 
off. 2. To pluck, as flowers or 
fruit; to shear, as sheep; to cut 
off, as hair: Ua akoia ka lauoho; 
ua akoia i ka hulu o ka hipa; ua 
akoia ka lau o ka nalu e ka ma- 
kani. 3. To thatch; lo cover a 
house with thatch: Ua akoia ka 

Akoa (a-ko'-a), n. 1. A small tree 
resembling the koa tree found on 
Mauna Kea and in the Kona hills 
on Hawaii. 2. Tapa of a snuff 
color, so named from the dye made 
of the akoa tree: He kapa i ku- 
kuia ma ka akoa; he paupau akoa. 
3. Snuff-colored dye made from the 
akoa. 4. The bark of the koa tree. 

Akoako (a'-ko-a'-ko), n. 1. Harlotry. 
2. An irritation in the throat which 
causes a hacking cough. The cough 
also is called akoako. 3 Lip move- 
ment with no utterance of sound as 
though talking to oneself. 4. The 
crest of a wave just before it 
breaks into surf; the summit of a 
swell of the sea. 

Akoako ka ale 

Kuku ka lili o ka nalu. 

Akoako (a'-k6-a'-k6), v. 1. To move, 
as the lips in speaking to oneself. 
2. To itch in the throat before 
coughing. 3. To swell; to grow 
larger; to rise into waves. 

Akoakoa (a-k6'-a-k6'-a), adj. Assem- 
bled; collected. 

Akoakoa (a-k6 '-a-ko'-a), adv. Collec- 
tively; in heaps: E waiho akoakoa, 
to lay down in heaps. 

Akoakoa (a-ko'a-ko'a), n. 1. The 
horned coral. 2. Coral generally. 

Akoakoa (a-ko'-a-ko'-a), v. To as- 
semble, as people for business. 

Akohekohe (a-k6'-he-k6'-he), n. Avery 
small native bird, formerly very 
common at Halemano and at Niu, 
Oahu. The species appears to be 




Akoiakahale (a-ko-i'a-ka-ha'-le), n. A 
symbol made by elevating the 
hands and bringing the fingers to- 
gether in the form of an inverted 
V to represent the frame work of a 
temple when emergency made im 
possible the erection of a heiau. 

Akola (a-ko'-la), interj. An exclama 
tion of triumph or of contempt. 

Akola (a-ko'-la), n. An expression of 

Akola (a-ko'-la), v. To rejoice ovbt 
the ills or misfortunes of another 
Syn: Hoaikola. 

Akole (a-k6'-le),adj. Indigent; needy; 
destitute of property. 

Akole (a-ko'-le), v. To be poor as a 
result of extravagance. 

Akolea (a'-ko-le'-a), n. A species of 
fern (Phegopteris hillebrandi). 

Akolo (a-ko'-lo), adj. Creeping; a 
word descriptive of the first propul- 
sory attempts of children. 

Akolo (a-ko'-lo), n. A creeping pos- 
ture; an attempt to creep. 

Akolo (a-k6'-16), v. [A for aa, and 
kolo, to run.] To run into small 
roots, as potatoes, and bear no 
fruit: Ua akolo ka uwala. 

Akoloa (a'-k6-16'-a), n. See akolea, 
the usual form. 

Akolu (a-k6'-lu), adj. Three; the 
number three. Also written ekolu. 

Aku (a-ku'), adj. Clear; unclouded; 
spoken of the risen moon: He aku 
ka mahina, the moon is clear. 

Aku (a'-ku), n. A species of ocean 
bonito or tunny (Gymnosarda pela- 
mis), having a bluish back, silvery 
belly, with four brownish stripes 
on each side of the belly. The fish 
is abundant about Hawaii in sum- 
mer. In ancient tradition the aku 
and the opelu accompanied Pili on 
his voyage to Hawaii. Aku helped 
paddle (haluku) the canoe, and 
opelu calmed the winds when too 
strong. See Opelu. 

Aku (a-ku'), v. Follow, expressive of 
command. A sign word, as it were. 
The person accosted with aku was 
supposed to turn and follow the 
speaker without que-stion. (Obso- 

Aku (a'-kii). A verbal directive. In 
Hawaiian, the motion or action of 
verbs is supposed to be towards 
one (mai), or from one (aku), or 
upwards (ae), or downwards (iho). 

or sideways, which is also (ae). 
Aku is generally connected with 
verbs, but sometimes with nouns 
and adverbs. It implies motion 
or tendency from one, onward, etc.; 
as, e hele aku, to go off, go from 
one; the opposite of e hele mai, to 
come towards one. In narrative 
tenses the verbal directives are 
generally followed by the syllable 
la: as, hele aku la oia, he went off; 
noho iho la ia, he sat down, or he 

Akua (a-ku'-a), n. 1. Formerly, among 
Hawaiians, the name of any super- 
natural being, the object of fear or 
worship; a god. The term, on the 
visit of foreigners, was applied to 
artificial objects, the nature or 
properties of which Hawaiians did 
not understand, as the movement 
of a watch, a compass, the striking 
of a clock, etc. 2. At present, the 
word Akua is used for the true God, 
the Deity, the object of love and 
obediemce as well as fear. 3. The 
name of the night when the moon 
was perfectly full: A akaka loa o 
ia poepoe ana o Akua ia po. It 
'would seem that the ancient idea 
of an Akua embraced something in- 
comprehensible, powerful, and yet 
complete, full orbed. The names of 
the four principal gods of the Ha- 
waiians were Ku, Lono, Kane and 

Akuaaumakua ( a-kti'-a-a'u-ma-kii'-a ) , 
n. [Akua, god. au, time, and ma- 
kua, parent.] The ancestors of 
those who died long ago, and who 
have become gods; the spirits of 
former heroes. 

Akuahaiamio (a-kii'-a-ha'i-a-mi'-6), n. 
[Akua, god, hai, to speak, and amio, 
to be silent.] A god speaking softly. 

Akuahanai (a-ku'-a-ha-na'i), n. [Akua, 
god, and hanal, to feed.] 1. The 
god that fed poison to people; the 
god of poison. 2. Hence, poison 

Akuahoounauna (a-kii'-a-ho'o-u'-na-u'- 
na), n. [Akua, god, and hoouna, to 
send.] A class of gods who were 
sent on errands like Mercury of 
the Greeks. The names of some of 
them were Keawenuikauohilo, Ka- 
po, Kapua, Kamakukou. There 
were many others. 

Akuakii (a-ku'-a-ki'i'), n. (Mod.) 
[Akua, god, and kii, an image.] 1 




The god represented by an image. 
2. Hence an idol. 

Akuaku (a-ku'-a-ku'), adj. 1. Oscilla- 
tory; swaying; with a swaying mo- 
tion, descriptive of a canoe's move- 
ment in a rough sea; not steady: 
Hele akuaku ma ke ala; holo aku- 
aku ka moku. 2. Involving haste; i 
moving in a hurry; rash. 

Akuaku (a-ku'-a-ku'), adv. Hastily; 
done in a hurry; therefore, badly 
done: He akuaku Iho kou, you 
were in a great hurry; he akuaku 
kana hana, his work is badly done. 

Akuaku (a-ku'-a-ku'), n. A species of 
lobelia (Cyanea tritomantha), the 
leaves of which are said to be 
cooked and eaten as a vegetable. 
Also known as aku. 

Akuaku (a-ku'-a-ku'), v. To go up and 
down, as the movement on a rough 

Akuaku ka ihu o ka waa 

I na ale o ke Kaumuku. 

The prow of the canoe rises and falls 

Over the waves of the Kaumuku. 

Akualapu (a-kii'-a-la'-pii), n. [Akua, 
god, and lapu, a ghost.] A ghost; a 
specter; an apparition; an evil 
spirit. (According to the old peo- 
ple, the poe akualapu were the 
spirits of deceased persons seen in 
the night about burial grounds and 
other places.) 

Akualeheama (a-ku'-a-le-he-a'-ma), n. 
Same as Akualeheoi. 

Akualeheoi (a-ku'-a-le-he-o'i), n. Akua, 
a deity, lehe for lehelehe, lips, 
and oi, sharp, the sharp-lipped 
deity.] Name given to Pele be- 
cause she devoured everything in 
her way. Syn: Akualeheama. 

Akualele (a-ku'-a-le'-le), n. [Akua, 
god, and lele, to fly.] A meteor; 
an ignis fatuus. (When the Ha- 
waiians were first shown the pic- 
ture of an angel, they at once call- 
ed it an akualele, a flying god.) 

Akuanoho (a-ku'-a-n6'-h6), n. A class 
of gods supposed to be the spirits 
of men deceased. They were sup- 
posed to dwell with, or be over men 
as guardians. The akuanoho be- 
longs to the same class of gods as 
the akuaulu; but the akuanoho 
ministers only to those of opposite j 
sex who have lived together, while 
the akuaulu waits only on single 

Akuaulu (a-kti'-a-tL'-ia), n. [Akua, god, 
and uiu, to inspire.] The god who 

inspires one to speak; the god of 

Akue (a-ku'e), n. The manner of 
walking due to pedal malforma- 
tion; said of anyone who suffers 
from deformed feet. 

Akuhe (a-ku'-he), n. A species of the 
fish called oopu, which is found in 
fresh water streams near their con- 
flux with the sea. It has a very 
dark, almost black skin, hence the 
word is applied to persons of un- 
usually dark color as a term of 
derision. This fish is also known 
as okuhekuhe, or as akupa on 
Kauai. See kukuhe. 

Akuhe (a-ku'-he), v. To be black, 
blue or dark colored. See kukuhe. 

Akuikui (a-ku'i-ku'i), n. 1. A fish net. 
2. The name of the stick used to 
drive fish into the akuikui. 3. A 
manner of fishing with a net and 
stick on the edges of coral reefs, 
the stick being used to hammer 
the coral in order to drive the fish 
into the net. It is also called pa- 
kuikui, and lawaia kuilaau or olaau. 

Akuikui (a-ku'i-ku*i, v. To strike 
ofteTi, as with a stick in order to 
drive fish into a net . See kui, to 

Akukapihe (a-kii'-ka-pi'-he),n. Apurge 
made from the bark of the shrub 
called koko and the sap of the 
green kukui nut. Kukapihe is the 
word in general use. 

Akuku (a-ku'-ku'), n. The standing 
up of water when wind and current 
are opposite: Me he akuku nalu 
la i poi iloko o ka malama o Kau- 

Akule (a-ku'-le), n. 1. A specie's of 
big-eyed scad (Trachurops crume- 
nophthalma), having a bluish sil- 
very color above, paler below, un- 
der parts white. The young akule 
is called halalu. 2. An aged per- 
son; an old man or woman. See 
elemakule, an old man. 

Akull (a-kii'-li), n. A water hole in 
the forest where leaves and forest 
rubbish have accumulated. 

Akulikuli (a-k\i'-li-kii'-li), n. See pa- 

Akulu (a-ktl'-lii), n. See akuhe. 

Akumu (a-ku'-mu), adj. Broken up; 
stumpy; blunt; broken or cut off 
till very short: applied to anything 
cut or broken off piece by piece, as 
a pencil in sharpening. 




Ala (a-la'), adj. Round or oval, as a 
smooth stone or bullet; hence, 
heavy: Kaumaha, e like me ka ala 
o kahawai; heavy, as a smooth 
stone in a watercourse. See ala, a 
round, smooth stone. 2. Fair-eyed, 
but blind: Ala ka maka, e like me | 
ko ka elemakule, dim-sighted, as an 
old person. 3. Stone-blind: used 
invariably with the word maka; as 
maka ala. 

Ala (a'-la), adj. Spicy; perfumed; 

Ala (a'-la), n. A path; way; road; 
often alanui, great road. It is 
used in some places as synonymous 
with kuamoo. He kahi e hele ai; 
kuu aku ana keia i ke ala; po oloko 
i ke ala. 

Ala (a-la'), n. 1. A round, smooth 
stone; a pebble, such as has been 
worn by the water: He pohaku 
maloko o ka muliwai; ala o ka 
maa, a sling stone. 2. A variety of 
kalo or taro re-sembling a kai, very 
glutinous and tasty and much liked 
as a food. 

Ala (a'-la), v. 1. To wake from 
sleep; to watch, that is, to keep 
from sleep. 2. To rise up, as from 
a sleeping posture: E hikilele oia 
ma ka hiamoe ana; ala kue, to rise 
up against one. 3. To rise up, as 
a new generation of people; to 
come forward. 

Ala (a'-la), v. To anoint with per- 
fumed oil; to rub with perfume. 

Alaa (a-la'a'), n. 1. Name of a tall 
tree (Sideroxylon sandwicense). 
Also called aulu and kaulu. 2. A 
wooden oo, an implement made of 
hardwood which was used to break 
up ground. 

Alaa (a-la'a), v. 1. To turn up; to 
turn over. 2. To work with the oo 
in cultivating or digging off green- 

Alaala (a'-la-a'-la), adj. Scrofulous. 

Alaala (a'-la-a'-la), n. 1. A soft sub- 
stance in the squid used for bait in 
fishing: He alaala hee. 2. The 
spawn of the squid. 3. Scrofula; 
a scrofulous sore; an ulcer, partic- 
ularly on the neck. 

Alaalae (a-la'-a-la'e), adj. 1. Luke- 
warm. 2. Insufficiently cooked: 
Na alaalae ka ai; the food is not 
thoroughly cooked. 

Alaalahee (a'-la-a'-la-he'e), n. The 
spawn or black substance found in 

the squid: He alaalahee me kahi 
kukui inamona, the spawn of the 
squid with kukui nuts as a relish. 
Syn: Alaala. 

Alaalai (a-la'-a-la'i), n. 1. A mysteri- 
ous bird, said to be of the gallinu- 
line family (Gallinula galeata sand- 
vicensis), whose cry during its 
flight, usually by night, is looked 
upon as a bad omen, often a sign of 
impending danger or death. Also 
known as alae ula. 2. Large hills 
or mounds for planting, in taro 
patches where the water and mud 
are deep. 

Alaalai (a-la'-a-la'i), n. Argillaceous 
earth, clay. 

Alaalapuloa (a'-la-a'-la-pu-loa'), n. 1. 
A species of squid called puloa. 
See puloa. 

Alaalapuloa (a'-la-a'-la-pu-16'a), n. A 
shrub. See uhaloa. 

Alaalawa (a'-la-a-la'-w^), v. (The com- 
pound, frequentative, poetical form 
of alawa. To look frequently one 
way and the other, as in fear of 
being seen: Alaalawa ka maka o 
ka aihue, alaalawa na maka me he 
pueo la; the eyes of the thief look 
this way and that, they look here 
and there like an owl. 

Alaalawa! nui (a'-la-a'-la-wa'-i-nii'i), n. 
A large genus of plants known as 
Peperomia of the order Piperaceae. 
It is found in stony places and is 
used as medicine. A gray dye is 
also extracted from it. 2. Dyestuff 
made from the bark of the kukui, 
akoko. the nena, or the alaalawai- 

Alaamaomao ( a-la'a- ma'o-ma'o), n. 
[A, of. and laamaomao.] Of or 
concerning Laamaomao. See Laa- 

Alaapapa (a-la'a'-pa'-pa), n. One of 
the ancient hula dances where the 
dancer makes grotesque and sug- 
gestive motions, often accompanied 
by wild extravaganza: He hula 

Alaapapa (a'-la'a-pa'-pa), v. To dis- 
close in public what one has said 
of another's character; to publish 
in full the acts of others. 

Alabata (a-la-ba'-ta), adj. [Gr.] Made 
of alabaster; alabaster: He ipu ala- 
bata; an alabaster box. 

Alabata (a-la-ba'-ta), n. An ointment- 
vase made of alabaster-stone; an 




Alabatero (a-la-ba-te'-ro), n. and adj. 
Same as alabata. 

Alae (a-la'e), n. The mud or water- 
hen (Gallinula sandvicensis) : Oia 
ka mea (o Mauiakalani) nana i imi 
i ke ahi, a loaa i ka alae, he it was 
(Mauiakalani) who, being in search 
of fire, found the alae; alae, he 
moa eleele loa, a very black fowl. 
The alae was formerly worshiped 
as a god, especially the alae keokeo 
(white mud-hen). Also known as 
alae ula. 

Alaea (a-la-ea'), adj. Relative to the 
ceremony of the hiuwai; relating 
to the practice of the priest offer- 
ing the yearly sacrifice. Hele mai 
ke kahuna alaea me ke kanaka, na- 
na e lawe ka ipu alaea. 

Alaea (a'-la-ea'), adj. Red; red, re- 
sembling flesh, as the fibrous tis- 
sues seen in large fish: Huki koke 
ka ia alaea a me na io a pau. 

Alaea (a'-la-e'a), n. 1. The fore part 
of the thigh. 2. A long, narrow 
muscle of the thigh; the sartorius 

Alaea (a'-la-ea'), n. 1. A red or brown 
clay used to color the water in the 
religious ceremony known as hiu- 
wai. 2. Re-d dirt; a kind of Span- 
ish brown coloring matter dug from 
the earth. 3. Any red coloring 
matter; a dye for tapa; red ochre, 

4. A group of kindred individuals. 

5. A family, tribe or clan. 6. The 
descendants of servants: The de- 
scendants of Keopuolani are the 
alaea of Nahienaena. (Obsolete.) 

Alahaka (a'-la-ha'-ka), n. [Ala, a path, 
and haka, open.] 1. A ladder. 2. 
A rough road, with many ravines 
or chasms. 

Alahaki (a-la-ha'-ki), n. A mountain 
ladder or series of steps cut into a 

Alahee (a'-la-ho'e), n. 1. A shrub or 
small tree; also known as walahee 
(Plectronia odorata). 2. A tree 
with very hard wood from which 
instruments were made to till the 
soil: O na oo mahiai i ka wa ka- 
hiko, o ka ulei a o ka alahee; the 
diggers for farming in ancient 
times were made of ulei and ala- 

Alahii (a-ia-hi'i), n. The hem or fin- 
ished border of a mat. 

Alahonua (a'-la-hd-nu'a), n. 1. A 
light breeze in Hilo. 2. A waking 
before the usual time of rising. 
Alahoua'na (a'-la-h6u'-a'-na), n. [Ala, 
to rise, hou, again, and the parti- 
cipial termination ana.] A rising 
again; a rising from the dead; a 
Alahula (a'-la-ha'-la), n. 1. A thor- 
oughfare; a path or place much 
frequented: Ua maa i ka ikeia, ua 
hele pinepine ia. 2. A road made 
on a hill or precipice on which a 
stranger cannot go, only traveled 
by residents. 3. A place where it 
is necessary to swim past a cliff 
that intercepts the passage along 
the beach, as at Klelu on Hawaii. 

Alahula (a'-la-hii'-la), v. 1. To remove 
the tabu, as on certain premises or 
roads. 2. To visit or repair too 
often; to frequent: Alahula Puu- 
loa, he alahele no Kaahupahau. 3. 
To make a road through one's 
house or farm by constantly pass-, 
ing through it: Ua lilo i alanui hele 
mau ia wahi. 

Alai (a-la'i), n. An obstruction; a 

Alai (a-lai'), v. 1. To obstruct; to 
hinder one in any way: Ua alai ia 
e ka hilahila a hiki ole ke pane aku, 
he or she was hindered by shame 
and could not answer. 2. To block 
up a door or passage by sitting 
down in it. 3. To form a circle 
round one for his defense in danger. 
4. To defend; to oppose one. 5. To 
be so thronged as not to see out: 
Ua alai ia, ua paapu loa, aole ike 
aku kahi mea; he was thronged 
thickly, he could not see out. (The 
double form, alalai, is more gener- 
ally used.) 

Alaia (a-lai'-a), n. A small, thin surf- 

Alaihl (a-la-I'-hi), n. 1. Faded colors. 
2. The uncolored portions of dyed 

Alaihl (a-la-i'-hi), n. 1. A genus (Ho- 
locentrus) of fish of bright red 
color, belly more or less silvery, 
with longitudinal stripes. 2. Name 
of a red cloth. 

Alaikl (a-la-i'-ki), n. The act of ap- 
propriating another's property by 
force, practised by chiefs in their 

Alalia (a-la'i-la), adv. Refers both t© 
time and place: there, when place 




is referred to; then, when refer- 
ence is made to time. Like many 
other adverbs, it is used with the 
simple prepositions. 

Alakai (a'-la-ka'i), adj. Large; pot- 
bellied; plump. See uulukai. 

Alakai (a-la-ka'i), n. [Ala, road, and 
kai, to lead.] A leader; conductor; 
guide; precedence. 

Alakai (a-la-ka'i), n. [Ala, path, and 
kai, the sea.] A path where one 
must swim around a projecting 
cliff or bluff: He alakai ke alanui 
hulaana o na pali. 

Alakai (a-la-ka'i), v. To guide with 
the hand; to show the way; to 
have charge of. 

Alakaimauna (a-la-ka'i-ma'u-na), n. 
[Alakai, guide, and mau'na, moun- 
tain.] 1. A guide on the moun- 
tains and inland; a pilot. 2. A 

Alako (a-la-ko'), V. [Ala, path, and ko, 
to drag along.] 1. To drag along 
the ground. 2. To lead, as a crim- 
inal: Syn: Alakai: E kauo, e huki. 
3 To draw or influence one. 

Alala (a-ia-la'), n. Name of the Ha- 
waiian crow; the raven (Corvus 
tropicus) of Hawaii: so named 
from its cry, resembling that of a 

Alala (a-la-la'), n. The cry of young 
animals; a crying; weeping; a 
bleating of flocks; the squealing of 

Alala (a-la'-la), n. The tuber of a po- 
tato vine which is found outside 
of the hill, or at the end of a root. 

Alala (a-la-la'), v. To bleat; to cry, 
as the young of animals. 

Alala i (a'-la-la'i), v. [Ala, road, and 
lai (for alai), to obstruct.] 1. To 
hinder one from doing a thing. 2. 
To obstruct one's road. 3. To be 
in the way of another: Ua alalai 
mai oia i ko'u hele ana; he hin- 
dered me in my passage; he kea- 

Alalala (a'-la-la'-la), v. To dry or 
wither green leaves over a fire. 

Alalauwa (a'-la-lau'-wa), n. The young 
of a spe-cies of redfish (Priacanthus 
alalaua), the adult being known as 
aweoweo. It is claimed that the 
appearance of this fish in large 
schools in Honolulu harbor often 
portended a calamity to some mem- 
ber of the royal family. Also known 
as alalaua. 

Alalehe (a'-la-le'-he), adj. Sickly; 
weak; fretful, as a child from hun- 
ger: He ukuhi ohemo na keiki, 
omino, alalehe, ka alalehe, ka uwe 

Alalo (a-la'-16), n. [A, jaw, and lalo, 
under.] The lower jaw of men and 
animals; the lower mandible of a 

Alaloa (a'-la-15'a), n. [Ala, path, and 
loa, long.] 1. A highway; a path. 
2. A way open to the public; a 
main road. Syn: Alanui. 

Alamaaweiki (a'-la-ma-a'-we-i'-ki), n. 
[Ala, path, maawe, any small mark 
or footprint, and iki, little.] A 
small, narrow, indistinct path. It 
is applied to the departure of the 
soul when one dies; he is said to 
have gone along the alamaaweiki, 
that is, the untrodden path; he ala- 

Alamakahinu (a-la'-ma-ka-hi'-nu), n. 
The round, smooth rolling stones or 
pebbles found in the sea. 

Alamea (a-la-me'a), n. A hard vol- 
canic stone, out of which stone 
axes were made. 

Alamea (a-la-me'a), v. To be fully 
ripe or on the point of decay. . 

Alamole (a-la'-m6'-le), n. Stone used 
in beating taro for poi. 

Alamuku (a-la-mu'-ku), n. 1. An im- 
perfect rainbow. 2. A road incom- 
plete as to its end; a short road. 

Alana (a-la'-na), adj. [A, and lana, 
to float.] Light; not heavy; easily 
floating on the water: He hooko- 
mo ole, not sinking. Syn: Lana. 

Alana (a-la'-na), n. 1. A present 
made by a chief to a priest to pro- 
cure his prayers. 2. A present 
made to a god : He makana e haawi 
aku ai i ke akua. 3. An oblation 
or free will offering for any pur- 
pose. 4. A sacrifice: Alana hoano, 
a holy oblation. He alana ka mea 
e haawiia aku ai e kalaia mai ai ka 
hala o ka mea lawehala. 5. A fee 
prepaid to a physician to attend 
a sick person. 

Alana (a-la'-na), n. [Alala, to cry, 
and ana, sorrow or complaint.] 1. 
A crying; the voice of suffering or 
of complaint: Ke oho alana ma- 
kuakahi; the voice of complaint 
from an only parent. 2. A call for 
help from one in distress. 




Alana (a-la'-na), v. To give or bring 
a present as an offering; to offer a 

Alanaaloha (a-ia'-na-a-16'-ha). n. [Al- 
ana, offering, and aloha, love.] A 
peace offering; an offering for 
making peace with another to pro- 
cure one's favor: He alana e aloha 
mai o hai ia ia. 

Alanakunl (a-la'-na-kii'-ni). n. [Alana, 
offering, and kuni, to burn.] An 
offering to procure the death of a 
sorcerer; a burnt offering. E make 
ai ka mea nana i anaana. This of- 
fering was usually accompanied by 
certain of the victim's belongings 
(maunu) as a means of securing 
his death. 

Alanamolia (a-ia'-na-m6-li'-a), n. An 
offering made to the gods through 
a priest to procure a blessing or a 
curse: He alana e molia i kipi 
aina, to curse the rebels; ke alana 
e molia i ka mamala ku i ka pa; he 
alana e molia i ka olulo pae i kapa. 

Alaneo (a-la-ne'o), adj. 1. Clear; se- 
rene; unclouded, as the atmos- 
phere on the mountains: Alaneo 
ka uka, aole ao; clear was the up- 
land, no clouds. 2. Free from im- 
pediment or obstruction. 

Alaneo (a-lS,-ne'o), n, 1. The name 
of a disease in which the patient 
is swollen greatly in every part ex- 
cept the face: He olelo a na ka- 
huna lapaau, ina olelo aku i ka 
mai, pela he alaneo kou mai, o ke 
ano o ia olelo, he mai kanaka ole, 
aole lehulehu o kanaka nana e kii 
i ka laau. 2, Name of a class of 
twelve male gods described as "pa- 
pa akua pae mahu." 3. Name of an 
ahuula (feather cloak) made of one 
kind of feathers only. 4. Clear- 
ness; calmness; stillness. 

Alan! (a-la'-ni), n. 1. Name given to 
the genus of trees and shrubs call- 
ed Pelea of the family Rutaceae. 2. 
Name of a timber tree used in fit- 
ting up canoes. 3. The name of a 
mountain on Lanai. 4. [Eng.] 
Orange, the fruit of Citrus auran- 
tium. 5, The orange tree. 3. Name 
of a breeze on Lanai, from the 
name of the mountain. 

He alani ko Liloa 
Kapa ala o na kaha. 

7. Seamoss of the species of limu. 
It is bitter, and very similar to the 

Alania (a-la-ni'a), adj. Having an 
even surface; not rough; evenly 
spread; gently flowing. See kala- 

Alaniho (a-ia-ni'-h6), n. [Ala, path, 
and niho, tooth.] The long strips 
of tattooing made on the skin by 
means of a shark's tooth. 

Alanui (a-la-nii'i), n. [Ala, path, and 
nui, large.] A highway; a road; a 
frequented path. (Kuamoo is ihe 
archaic form.) See alaloa. 

Alao (a-ia-o'), n. 1, A second-class 
heiau; a special heiau or temple, 
which differs from others in that 
it has no lele or altar for sacrifice. 
2. The taking of whole raw fish 
into the mouth in eating: Ka alao 
mai no i na wahi oopu. a me na 
wahi opae. 

Alaololi (a'-la-6-'6-li'), n. [Ala, path, 
and ololi, narrow.] A narrow path; 
a lane. 

Alaoma (a-ia-6'-ma), v. To seize food 
abruptly with the mouth; to swal- 
low greedily, as a fish the bait: 
Alaoma ka waha o ka oopu a me ke 
aholehole i ke koe, the mouths of 
the oopu and the aholehole greed- 
ily swallow the worm; alaume mo- 
moni. Syn: Alaume. 

Alaou (a-ia-ou'), n. Same as alao. 

Alapa (a-la'-pa), adj. Ugly; poor; 
thin in flesh; lean; feeble; not 
good; shabby. 

Alapahi (a-la-pa'-hi), adj. Slanderous; 
defamatory: olelo alapahi, a slan- 
derous or false report. 

Alapahi (a-la-pa'-hi), n. Slander; de- 
traction; falsehood; a lie; false 
speaking: He alapahi moe ipo ka 

Alapahi (a-ia-pa'-hi), v. 1. To spread 
false reports; to slander. 2. To 
deceive; to lead astray. See epa. 

Alapakui (a'-la-pa-ku'i), adj. Strong 
scented; exceedingly fragrant. 

Alapapiimooku (a-la'-pa-pi'i-mo'o-ku'), 
n. A low character; a notorious 
rascal; a mean beggar. 

Alapii (a-la-pi'i'), n. [Ala, path, and 
pii, to ascend.] A ladder; stairs; 
an ascent: He alahaka, he alaulii; 
he alapii pali ino o Wahinekapu. 

Alapuka (a'-la-pii'-ka), adj. 1. Hav- 
ing scrofulous sores on the neck, 
limbs, etc. 2. Affected with the 
dry-rot, as the taro: He kalo ala- 




Alapuka (a'-la-pii'-ka), n. A con- 
temptuous word applied to those 
having offensive sores. 
Alau (a-la'u), n. Place where a cur- 
rent of wind disunites and divides 
into separate parts, as on the coast 
of Hana, Maui. 
Alau (a-la-u'), v. Incorrect form for 

Alaua (a-la-ii'a), v. To look upon one- 
self with admiration: E alaua ana 
ia ia iho me ka manao ua nani oia. 
Alauka (a-la-u'-ka), adj. Vile; bad; 
worthless; slovenly; negligent. See 
Alauka (a-l§,-ii'-ka), n. Badness; 
worthlessness; vileness; the off- 
scouring or dregs of society: He 
hana inoino pupuka alauka. 
Alaula (a-la-u'-la), n. [Ala, road, and 
ula, red.] 1. A streak of light, 
such as is seen after the setting 
and before the rising sun. 2. The 
first dawn of the morning; the 
early dawn or first gle-am of morn- 
ing light. 
Alaula (a'-la-ii'-la), n. 1. A kind of 
dark, branchy seaweed. 2. Red dust 
in a road; the red dust of a pali 
[hill or precipice]; red dust gen- 
Alaume (a-la-G'-me), v. See alaoma. 
Alauwahio (a-ia'u-wa-hi'o), n. A small 
yellow bird (Oreomyza montana) 
resembling the canary. Also known 
as alauhiio. See lauwi. 
Alawa (a-la'-wa), n. A turning of the 
eyes to look behind. He alawa na 
maka i hope e ike i ka poe e hele 
mai ana. 
Alawa (a-la'-wa), v. 1. To look on 
one side, then on the other, as one* 
who is afraid of being seen: E hoi 
oukou me ko oukou maka alawa 
ole io a io. 2. To look up. 3. To 
lift up the eyes in pride. 4. To 
lift up the eyes to see a thing; to 
take a survey. 5. To turn the eyes 
in an oblique direction. 6. To turn 
one's head to look about. 
Ale (a'-le), n. 1. A wave; a billcw 
put in motion by the wind; a wave 
of the sea: Aloia mai ai na ale 
ino o Lae Hao, having escaped the 
raging billows of Cape Horn. 2. 
The crest of a wave: Holo pipi ka 
ale o ka moana. 3. Water put in 
motion: Ka ale wai hau a ke 'kua, 
water of snow of the god. It was 
supposed that the gods mad© the 

snow. 4. The act of swallowing; 
a swallow. 
Ale (a'-le), v. To swallow. Same as 
moni. 2. To engulf; to absorb; 
to draw into. 
Ale (a-le), v. 1. To come up, as 
tears into the eyes. See haloi. 2. 
To stir up, as water. Syn: Aleale. 
Alea (a-le'a), adj. Having a pleasant 
voice for singing; agreeable, as the 
voice. See lea, the term in com- 
mon use. 

Aleale (a'-le-a'-le), n. A moving, 
swelling, stirring, as the waves of 
the sea. 

Aleale (a'-le-a'-le), v. To make into 
waves; to stir up, as water; to 
trouble; to toss about, as restless 
waters: Aleale ka wai, ua piha a 
aleale ke kaekae. 

Alealea (a-le'a-le'a), n. A sharp, 
white, small shell fish found near 
the shore: He pupu alealea. 

Aleguma (a'-le-gii'-ma), n. Same as 

Alehe (a-le'-he), n. A snare; a noose. 
Syn: Ahele or pahele. 

Alekuma (a'-le-kii'-ma), n. [Heb.] 
Name of a timber tree; name of a 
tree, supposed to be the sandal- 
wood, found in Arabia and used for 
the making of harps, etc.; the al- 
gum-tree; also, by transposition, 
the almug-tree. 

Alelanl (ii-le-la'-ni), n. A patch of 
blue sky between masses of clouds. 

Alele (a-le'-le), n. One who bears a 
message; a messenger. See elele. 

Alele (a'le'-le), n. 1. An ambassador. 
2. A delegate. 

Alele (a-le'-le), v. 1. To go or act as 
a messenger. 2. To go or act as a 

Alelo (a-le'-16), n. 1. The tongue of 
man or animals. 2. The meat of a 
species of sea-egg, or sea urchin, 
called wana: He ono ke alelo wa- 
na, he kuhinia, he okulikuli; the 
meat of the wana is tasty, it is 
rich, it is sweet. 

Alemanaka (a'-le-ma-na'-ka), n.[Eng.] 
An almanac. The first Hawaiian 
almanac was published in 1835. 

Alemone (a-le-mo'-ne), adj. Almond- 

Alemone (a-le-mo'-ne), n. 1. The al- 
mond-tree. 2. The fruit of the al- 

Alemuga (a'-le-mu'-ga), n. Same as 




Alemuka (a'-le-mu'-ka), n. Same as 

Aleo (a-le'o). adj. Like a tower in 
height; lofty; towering: Na pali 
aleo, the towering cliffs. 
Aleo (a-le-'o), n. A place from which 
one looks out; any high fixture 
protecting against injury; a v/atch 
Alepa (a-le'-pa). n. [Gr. Alpha.] 
Name, of the first letter of the 
Greek alphabet; hence, the first. 
Aleula (a-le-u'-la), n. An incandescent 
cloud of steam and smoke, such as 
accompanies a volcanic eruption. 

Aleuleu (a-le'u-le'u), adj. Old; worn; 
worn out. 

Aleuleu (a-le'u-le'u), n. 1. Old tapa 
or mats; also applied to all kinds 
of bad tapa. 2. A worn-out gar- 

Alewalewa (a-le'-wa-le'-wa), adj. 
Buoyant; floating; passing: He ao 

Alewalewa (a-le'-wa-le'-wa), n. A 
cloud or smoke floating in the at- 
mosphere: Hookaa ka punohu ka 

Ali (a'-li), n. 1. A scar on the face. 
2. A mark in the skin as the result 
of a wound or ulcer; a cicatrix. 3. 
A mark left by something that has 
passed; an impression of a foot; a 

Ali (a'-ll), V. To be* marked in the 
skin; to be marked with scars. 

Alia (a-li'a), adv. At some time in 
the future; after a time; before 
long; by and by. 

Alia (a-li-a'), n. Name of two kauwila 
or mamani sticks carried by two 
priests before the god of the year. 

Alia (a-li'a), n. A large flat surface 
white with salt; salt bed: He alia 
hoohaahaa paakai; loi ale no i ke 
alia okolo. 

Alia (a-li'a), v. 1. To wait; to stop 
one when doing a thing; to re- 
strain. 2. Used imperatively; stop; 
wait. Also applied to a person in 
the way; take care; stand aside. 

Allan (a'-li-a'-li), adj. Having the 
color of snow; white: He wai ali- 
ali, he keokeo, he huali. 

Aliali (a'-li-a'-li), n. The state of be- 
ing white; whiteness: Ke aliali o 
ka hau; the whiteness of the snow. 

Aliali (a'-li-a'-li), v. To be marked 
with scars: Ua aliali. 

Alialia (a-li'a-li'a), n. 1. A bed where 
salt is dried. He alialia paakai; he 
alialia manu; na alialia o na wai 
puna huihui. 2. Ground which is 
smooth, dry and barren, as that 
wnich is baked in the sun, or im- 
pregnated with salt. Syn: Alia. 
Aliane (a-li-a-ne), v. Used impera- 
tively: let it be seen; let it appear; 
reveal or show it to me. See 
Alihi (a-li'-hi), adj. Tending to mis- 
lead or deceive. 
Alihi (a-li'-hi), adv. Unwillingly: 
used in games of chance where one 
who is cheated feels compelled to 
pay back in like manner. 
Alihi (a-li'-hi), n. 1. Skill in the use 
of deceptive language; the practice 
of deceit. 2. The guide lines of a 
fish-net to which the floats and 
sinkers are fastened: O ke kaula 
ma ka pikoni. 3. The upper part 
of a net which holds a calabash 
and is united into a single cord 
or strap. 4. The horizon on the 
sea: Ma ka alihi moana, e pili aku 
ana i kumu lani; at the edge of 
the ocean, where the ocean and sky 
Alihi (a-li'-hi), v. To cheat in a game 
of cards; to trick in any form of 
Alihikaua (a-li'-hi-kti'u-a), n. [Alihi, 
leader, and kaua, war.] A general; 
a commander; one who directs in 
Alihilani (a-li'-hi-la'-ni), n. The hori- 
Alihilele (a-li'-hi-le'-le), n. A drag- 
net; the net for taking the mullet 
Alii (a-li'i), adj. Pertaining to the 

crown; royal; kingly; noble. 
Alii (a-li'i), n. 1. A tree (Dodonaea 
viscosa), commonly known as aalii. 
Its dark, hard and durable timber 
was formerly used for posts of 
houses, etc. 2. A chief; one who 
rules or has authority over other 
men; a king, qualified by various 
epithets: (a) Ke alii moi, the su- 
preme executive; (b) Ke alii aimo- 
ku, the chief over a division, that 
is, the governor under the alii moi; 
(c) Ke alii koa, the chief over sol- 
diers, that is, the general or leader 
of an army; (d) Ke alii okana, the 
chief over a district; also known 
as alii ai ahupuaa. 




Alii (a-li'i), v. To act the chief; to 
be chief or principal; to rule over 
men; to govern. 

Alilkoa (a-li'i-kd'a), n. One who holds 
an office in a body of men armed 
for war; an alii or chief of soldiers. 

Aliipapa (a-li'i-pa'-pa), n. A child 
whose mother was a chief and the 
father not. See kukaepopolo. 

Alhwaiiine (a-li'i-wa-hi'-ne), n. [Alii, 
chief, and wahine, woman.] A 

Alikalika (a-li'-ka-li'-ka), adj. 1. Clam- 
my; sticky; tough, as taro baked; 
tenacious, as mud. 2. Not liberal; 

Alikealike (a-li'-ke-a-li'-ke), adj. Hav- 
ing a general likeness; precisely 

Alikealike (a-li'-ke-a-li'-ke), adv. In 
the same manner or degree; in 

Alikealike (a-li'-ke-a-li'-ke), n. 1. One- 
half; an equal division of a thing. 
2. Similitude; resemblance. See 

Alikillki (a-li'-ki-li'-ki), v. To tie up 
tightly; to tie on tightly. Syn: 

Alima (a-li'-ma), adj. Five; the num- 
ber five. See elima. 

Alima (a-li'-ma), adv. Being one of 
five equal parts; fifth. 

Alima (a-li'-ma), n. See aulima. 

Alina (a-li'-na), adj. Low; degraded. 

Alina (a-li'-na), n. 1. A low servant; 
a slave. 2. A scar; a blemish. 

Alina (a-li'-na), v. 1. To lose stand- 
ing by associating with those of 
lower rank, as by marrying one of 
low birth. 2. To be scarred; to 
have spots or blemishes on the per- 

Allnalina (a-li'-na-li'-na), n. 1. A shell- 
fish of the sea; the young or small 
of the oplhi. 2. A species of the 

Aliuliu (a-li'u-li'u), adv. Incorrect 
form for liuliu. 

Alo (a'-16), n. 1. The front; the face, 
that is the surface seen. Antonym: 
kua, the rear or back. 2. The pres- 
ence of; the state of being present, 
as Eia oe i ke alo o ka aha; Here 
you are in the presence of the as- 

Alo (a'-16), V. To elude* or dodge; to 

Aloaalo (a'-16-a'-16), adj. Full of small 
compact masses; lumpy. 

Aloalo (a'-16-a'-16), v. [Freq. of alo, 
to dodge.] 1. To dodge rapidly or 
continuously, 2. To look about 
slyly with a quick cast of the eyes, 
as if in fear, or about to do mis- 
chief: Aloalo na maka o ka aihue. 

Aloe (a-16'e), n. [Eng.] The aloes; 
any plant of the genus aloe 

Aloha (a-lo'-ha), adj. Worthy of love; 
lovable; loving: Reiki aloha, loving 

Aloha (a-lo'-ha,), n. 1. A word giving 
an expression of kind feelings. 2. 
Love; affection; gratitude; kind- 
ness. 3. Pity; compassion; grief. 
4. The modern, common salutation 
at meeting or parting. 

Aloha (a-lo'-ha), v. 1. To address 
with an expression of kind wishes; 
to welcome. 2. To salute at meet- 
ing or parting. 3. To show mercy; 
to pity; to sympathize with. 

Alohaia (a-lo'-ha-i'a), n. The gerund 
of the verb aloha, passive form. 1. 
Being loved. 2. Good will; favor: 
Loaa ia ia ke alohaia mai; he ob- 
tained favor. 

Aloha'rno (a-lo'-ha-i'-n6), interj, [Alo- 
ha, love, and ino, great.] An in- 
tensive, expressing great love, pity, 
or compassion for a person in a 
suffering condition. 

Alohaloha (a-ie)'-ha-16'-ha), v. To love 

Alohl (a-16'-hi), n. 1. A shining; glit- 
ter. 2. Brilliancy; brightness; 

Alohl (a-16'-hi), v. To shine; to be- 
come shining or bright; to reflect 
brightness: Alohi e like me ka la 
i ke awakea. 

Alohikea (a-16'-hi-ke'-a), n, A soft 
white light. 

Alohilani (a-lo'-hi-la'-ni), n. [Alohi, 
brightness, and lani, heaven.] The 
brightness of heaven. A term ap- 
plied to the residences or heavenly 
courts of the goddesses, Uli and 

Alohilohi (a-16'-hi-16'-hi), adj. Shin- 
ing; glittering; clear; sparkling. 

Alohilohi (a-16'-hi-16'-hi), n. 1. Luster; 
sparkle. 2. Splendor; brightness. 
3. Light; sparkling, as the eye: 
Kai no a he akua i ke alohilohi o 
na maka; I thought they were gods 
by the brightness of their eyes. 

Alohilohi (a-16'-hi-16'-hi), v. To sparkle 
or shine; to glitter. 




Aloiloi (a-lo'i-lo'i), n. A species of 
small fish. 

Alolo (a-16'-16), interj. An exclama- 
tion of derision over a mishap, ill 
luck, or misfortune. Same as ako- 
la. See lolo, which is the better 

Alolua (a-16-lu'a), adj. Two-sided; 
double-faced: applied to men and 
things: Moena alolua, a double- 
faced mat. 

Nanl Walplo 
Alolua na pall. 

Alolua (a-lo-lu'-a), n. 1. Tapa printed 
or painted on both sides. 2. Mats 
plaited on both sides. 

Alopeka (a-16-pe'-ka), n. [Gr.] A fox. 

Alu (a'-ltl). adj. Combined; acting 
together: He mau ilio alu i ka ha- 

Alu (a'-lii), n. 1. A letting down; a 
depression. 2. The lines of the 
hand. 3. A road descending a hill; 
a ravine; a gutter. 4. The muscles 
of the eye. 

Alu (a'-lu), V. 1. To relax; to hang 
down. 2. To bend the knees; to 
courtesy. 3. To stoop down, as in 
entering a low door; to stoop down, 
as in hiding behind a low object: 
Alu ae la maua e pee ana. 4. To 
be ruffle-d; to ruff up, as a mat: 
Ua alu na moena i ka nakuia. 5. 
To unite forces for physical action; 
to combine for the purpose of aid- 
ing or overcoming: E alu ka pule 
la Hakalau; unite in prayers to 

Alua (a-lu'-a), adj. Two; the number 
two. See elua. 

Alua (a-lti'a), adv. Two times; twice. 
See palua. 

Alualu (a'-lu-a'-lu), adj. 1. Loose; 
flabby; shapeless; premature, as 
an untimely birth; slack, as a rope 
or string. 2. Uneven; rough; full 
of lines; wrinkled. 3. Gentle or 
pleasant. (Another form of the 
word oluolu.) 

Alualu (a'-lu-a'-m), n. 1. The flex- 
ible skin or hide of an animal: he 
alualu pipi. 2. The soft parts of 
flesh when the bones are taken out 
— flabby, loose, or wrinkled. 3. The 
fetus of animals or men: Kanuia 
ka alualu i ka lepo; the fetus was 
buried in the ground. 4. The skins 
or rinds of fruits after the sub- 
stance is taken out: Ua aiia na 
ipu, a o ka alualu wale no koe. 

Alualu (a'-lu-a'-m), v. To follow; to 
pursue; to overpower. 

Alualua (a-lu'a-lii'a), adj. Not even; 
not smooth; rough. 

Alualua (a-lu'a-lu'a), n. 1. A rough 
road, full of ravines and difficult 
passes: He alualua inoino ke ala- 
nui e hele ai i Kahakuloa. 2. The 
name given to the multiplication 
table: Ma ke alualua ko lakou ao 
ana i ka helu; through the multi- 
plication table they learn arith- 

Aluhee (a-lu-he'e), adj. Loose, as a 
bundle not well bound; hanging 

Aluka (a-lii'-ka), n. 1. The heaping 
up indiscriminately of anything. 2. 
A crowd; a number of persons or 
things assembled without order. 

Aluka (a-lu'-ka), v. To mix confused- 
ly; to mix so as not to distinguish; 
to throw in a heap; to pile. 

Aluli (a-lu'-li), V. To turn the head 
on one side: He aluli ke poo, he 

Alulu (a-lu'-lu), adj. Quick; hasty: 
He hele hopuhopu alulu. 

Alulu (a-lu'-lu), adv. Quickly; hast- 
ily: Holo hopuhopu alulu makou. 

Aluna (a-lu'-na), n. [A, the jaw, and 
luna, upper.] 1. The upper part of 
the mouth, as of a person, animal, 
or bird; the roof of the mouth. 2. 
The upper jaw. 

Alunu (a-lii'-nii), adj. 1. Covetous; 
greedy of gain; avaricious. 2. 
Characterized by extortion or 
graft; extortionate; oppressive: 
Waiwai alunu, property obtained 
by graft. 

Alunu (a-lu'-nu), n. 1. Oppression; 
usury. 2. Extortion; covetous- 
ness; graft. 3. An extortioner; a 

Alunu (a-lu'-nu), V. 1. To be covetous; 
to be avaricious. 2. To defraud; 
to be overbearing in a bargain. 3. 
to be unduly desirous of possessing 

Alunuwale (a-lu'-nii-wa'-le), n. A 
strong desire to take what is an- 
I other's; taking away by violence, 
j oppression, or extortion; robbery. 

Ama (a'-ma), adj. Talkative; tat- 
tling; prating. 

Ama (a'-ma), n. The longitudinal 
stick of the outrigger of a canoe. 

Ama (a'-ma), v. To offer the first of 
the fruitage. See hoama, haama 




Amaama (a'-ma-a'-ma), adj. Same as 

Amaama (a'-ma-a'-ma), n. The mullet 
(Mugil cephalus) the most abun- 
dant and important food-fish of Ha- 
waii. The fry or the very young 
of this species is known as pua 
amaama; the next in size, from 
one to six inches, is called kahaha; 
from six to twelve inches, ama- 
ama; over twelve inches, anae. 

Amaama (a'-ma-a'-ma), v. See waha- 

Amaamau (a-ma'-a-mau), v. 1. To act 
hastily; to repeat rapidly. 2. To 
eat quickly or fast, as one who is 
hungry and has a keen appetite. 

Amakamika (a-ma'-ka-mi'-ka), v. 1. 
To desire food, as when the mouth 
waters for it. 2. To have a desire 
for that which cannot be obtained. 
Amika is an obsolete form. 

Amakihi (a'-ma-ki'-hi), n. In Hawaii 
any drepanidine bird of the genus 
Chlorodrepanis or Himatione, espe- 
cially Chlorodrepanis virens. Its 
yellow plumage was used in mak- 
ing featheT cloaks, helmets, etc. 

Amakika (a'-ma-ki'-ka), n. See ama- 

Amama (a-ma'-ma), inter j. So be it; 
let it be so; amen: used more for- 
mally at the close of a prayer: 
Amama, ua noa; so be it, it is free 
(from the tabu). 

Amama (a-ma'-ma), n. A word used 
frequently at the end of a prayer 
in connection with the word noa, 
free, as in the expression: amama 
ua noa. The evident meaning is, 
it, the tabu, is lifted, is free. It is 
conjectured that the word amama 
is derived from or related to the 
word, mama, light, in the sense of 

Amama (a-ma'-ma), n. The offering 
of a sacrifice: amama ana i ke ka- 
naka i ke akua. 

Amama (a-ma'-ma), v. 1. To give 
over to the gods in sacrifice; to 
offer prayer or sacrifice. 2. To of- 
fer sacrifice as an act of worship: 
Ua amama aku o Umi i ke kino o 
Hakau imua o Kaili kona akua; 
Umi offered the body of Hakau in 
sacrifice before Kaili his god. 

Amana (a-ma'-na), adj. Crossing; 
put together in the form of a cross : 
Na laau amana i kauiai o Kuhama. 

Amana (a-ma'-na), n. 1. A transverse 
line on an upright; two lines cross- 

ing each other at oblique angles. 
2. The branches of a tree in the 
form of the letter "Y." 3. The gal- 

Amana (a-ma'-na), v. To give au- 
thority to. See hoomana. 

Amara (a-ma'-ra), n. [Eng.] 1. Arm- 
orer; one who makes or repairs 
arms or armor. 2. A blacksmith. 
(The first ships that visited the 
islands were ships of war or of dis- 
covery, and thedr blacksmiths were 
called armorers, hence the word.) 

Amau (a-ma'u), n. A species of fern. 
Same as amaumau. 

Amau (a-ma'u), v. See hamau. 

Amaui (a'-ma-ui'), n. A Hawaiian 
thrush (Phaeornis obscura). Syn: 

Amaumau (a-ma'u-ma'u), adj. Abound- 
ing in or resembling ferns; of or 
belonging to ferns; ferny: na akua 
amaumau, the ferny gods. 

Amaumau (a'-ma'u-ma'u), n. 1. A 
fern (Sadleria cyatheoides) used as 
sizing or as a reddish dye. 2. A 
covering made of amau fronds. 3. 
A god that inhabits a certain 
species of ferns, the amaumau be- 
ing the preferred species; a fern- 
god. Applied especially to the god 

Amene (a-me'-ne), interj. [Heb.J 
Amen; so be it; let it be so. 

Amene (a-me'-ne), n. [Heb.] 1. A 
name applied to Jesus Christ as a 
true and faithful Savior. 2. A con- 
cluding act or word; termination. 

Ametusete (a-me'-tu-se'-te), n, [Gr.J 
An amethyst; a variety of quartz 
having purple color, much used as 
a precious stone. 

Ami (a'-mi), n. 1. A hinge; a butt. 2. 
A place of union of two bones or 
separate parts of the skeleton; a 
joint. 3. A small worm which 
doubles up in crawling: He ami, 
he peelua kuapuu. 4. A swinging, 
pendulous motion. 

Ami (a-mi), n. A vigorous action of 
the body, often employed by hula 
dancers. Its chief feature is a ro- 
tation of the pelvis in circles or 

Ami (a'-mi), v. To turn, as upon 
hinges ; to move back and forward ; 
to make any motion back and 
forth, as a gate; to move up and 

Amiami (a'-mi-a'-mi), adj. Elastic; 
pendulous; springy. 




Amiami (a'-mi-a'-roi), v. See ami. 

Amihonua (a-mi-h6-nu'-a), n. An ex- 
aggeration of the ami, a movement 
of the body in the hula dance. 
Syn: Amikuupau. 

Amika (a-mi'-ka), n. A desire or 
relish for food or drink. (Obsolete.) 

Amika (a-mi'-ka), v. To desire food 
or drink. (Obsolete.) 

Amikamika (a-mi'-ka-mi'-ka), n. 1. 
That which remains of anything; a 
remainder, as of food or drink. 2. 
A morsel of food, or food in gen- 
eral; a bite. 3. A pleasing taste; 

Amikamika (a-mi'-ka-mi'-ka), v. To 
eat or drink without having enough 
to satisfy the desire for more; to 
have not enough food or drink: 
Aole i onoono iho kahi puu i ka 
mea ai, aole i amikamika iho. Ami- 
ka is the obsolete form. 

Amikuupau (a-mi-ku'u-pau), n. An 
exaggeration of the ami, a move- 
ment of the body in the hula dance. 
Syn: Amihonua. 

Amio (a-mi'-o), n. 1. That which en- 
ters silently, as death. 2. A gentle 
moving to and fro. 3. A place in 
a stream or sea where the current 
moves swiftly, but silently. 4. A 
current of air. 
Amio (a-mi'-o), v. 1. To walk or move 
quietly and slyly, so as not to be 
heard; to move silently this way 
and that: Maanei no i amio iho 
nei a nalowale; he came here si- 
lently just now and is gone. 2. To 
flare, as the blaze of a lamp in the 
wind: He amio ka makani, e pio 
auanei. 3. To disappear; to cease 
to exist. 

Amipuka (a'-mi-pu'-ka), n. The hinge 
of a door. 

Amo (Ti'-mo), n. 1. A burden carried 
on the shoulders. 2. An athletic 
exercise exhibiting muscular 
strength in lifting. 3. A momen- 
tary drawing of the eyelids near 
together; a wink. 4. A sparkle or 
glimmer; a twinkle. 5. A momen- 
tary contraction of the anal mus- 
cles; hence, 4. The anus; also, the 

Amo (a'-m6), v. 1. To bear or carry 
a burden on the shoulder; to bear a 
weight; to carry. 2. To carry re- 
sponsibility, to be burdened with 
care. 3. To wink, as the eye. 4. 

To twinkle, as a star: Ke amo mai 
la ka hoku. Syn: Imo, amoamo. 
Amoa (a-m6'a), v. A contraction of 
amoia, the passive form of the verb 

Amoamo (a'-m6-a'-m6), n. 1. A wink- 
ing; a wink. 2. A twinkling; a 
flash; a twinkle. 

Amoamo (a'-m6-a'-m6), v. 1. To be 
high; to be raised up, as a high 
precipice. 2. To rise high, as the 
crest of a wave: Amoamo iluna ka 
lau o ka nalu. 

Amoamo (a'-m5-a'-m6), v. 1. To wink, 
as the eye. 2. To twinkle, as a 
star. Syn: Amo. 

Amoe (a-m6'e), n. A contraction of 
aumoe. See aumoe. 

Amohulu (a'-mo-hu'-lu), n. [Amo, the 
vagina, and hulu, hairy.] 1. The 
vagina. 2. The rectum; the anus. 
E papani ka amohulu o ia nei. 

Amomo (a-m6'-m6), n. [Lat.] The 
amomum; a genus of aromatic 
herbs of the ginger family. 

Amoomoo (a-mo'o-mo'o), n, 1. Small 
tapa or mat used as a model or 
sample. 2. The young oio fish (Al- 
bula vulpe:^). See oio. 

Amopuu (a'-m6-pu'u), adj. Lean; thin 
in flesh. (Slang). Syn: Olala. 

Amu (a-mii'), adj. 1. Shearing; shav- 
ing: He pahi amu, a razor or shav- 
ing knife. 2. Trimmed; cut: he 
lauoho amu; trimmed hair. 

Amu (a'-mu), v. 1. To trim; to shear 
or shave, as the hair: Ua koli- 
koliia no amu. 2. To curse, to blas- 
pheme. See amuamu, the form in 
common use. 

Amuamu (a'-mu-a'-mu), n. 1. A curs- 
ing; a reviling; a reproaching: Ke 
amuamu ana i ke alii me ka hoohi- 
ki ino; the cursing of the king 
with profanity. 2. A reviling of 
sacred things; evil or profane 
speaking of God; blasphemy. 

Amuamu (a'-mu-a'-mu), v. 1. To use 
profane language; to curse; to re- 
vile. 2. To speak evil of God; to 
blaspheme: Amuamu i ke Akua. 
See kuamuamu. 

Amuemue (a-mu'e-mu'e), v. To suffer 
from a sensation of coldness pene- 
trating, benumbing, or depressing; 
to feel chilly. 

Amuku (a-mu'-kQ), V. See apahu. 

Amumu (a-mii'-mu'), adj. Dull; not 
sharp; blunt. Syn: Kumumu. 




Amumu (a-mu'-mu'), n. The state or 
quality of being dull; bluntness; 
dullness, as a tool. See kumumu. 

Amupu (a'-mii-pu'), adj. A corrup- 
tion of amopuu. 

Ana (a'-na), adj. Satisfied; grati- 
fied; contented. 

Ana (a'-na), particle. A word used as 
a participle modifying the action of 
verbs, as: hele, go; hele ana, go- 
ing; holo, run; holo ana, running. 

Ana (a'-na), n. 1. A measure, as for 
cloth; a measure of any kind. 2. 
A model or pattern. 3. The opeTa- 
tion of determining the extent or 
area; a survey. 4. A den formed 
by rocks; a cave. 5. The special 
organ of the* voice; the larynx. 6. 
A kind of light, white stone found 
in the sea; a volcanic scoria or 
lava, spongy or cellular; a pumice 
stone much used as a remedy for 
the disease known as ea (aphthae). 
Used also as a polishing material. 
7. Grief; sadness; sorrow; trouble 
from the conduct of others. 8. A 
mixed feeling of weariness, anger 
and love. 9. Fatigue from hard la- 
bor or toil. 
Ana (a'-na), pron. The possessive 
case of the personal pronoun, third 
person, singular. 1, Of him; of 
her; of it: Ka pahi ana; the knife 
of him (his knife). 2. His; hera; 
its. When used independently it 
takes the form kana: as, keia buke 
kana; this book is hers. 
Ana (a'-na), v. 1. To take the dimen- 
sions of; to compare with a fixed 
standard; to measure: Ana au i 
kou pono a me kou hewa; I meas- 
ure your good and your evil. 2. To 
determine accurately the bounda- 
ries, extent, or area of; to survey: 
E a'na i ka aina; survey the land. 

3. To be grieved; to be troubled; 
to be sick at heart; to be disgusted. 

4. To be satisfied in appetite or de- 
sire; to have enough; to be con- 
tent; to be satiated. 

Anaaina (a'-na-ai'-na), n. 1. Land 
surveying. Syn: Ana, anahonua. 

Anaaina (a'-na-ai'-na), v. [Ana, to 
measure, and aina, land.] To sur- 
vey or measure land. 

Anaana (a'-na-a'-na), adj. Shaped 
like a small ball; ball-shaped and 
hard: He anaana ka lepo o ke 
kao; the dung of the goat is ball- 
shaped and hard. 

Anaana (a'-na-a-na'), adj. 1. Practis- 
ing or consulting divination; divin- 
ing: Kahuna anaana, a diviner. 
2. Tending to cast a death spell: 
Pule anaana. 

Anaana (a'-na-a-na'), n. 1. A prayer 
used to procure the death or curse 
upon one. 2. Witchcraft; divina- 
tion; sorcery. 3. A sorcerer. 

Anaana (a'-na-a'-na), v. To shiver, 
as one shakes from cold; to trem- 
ble, as from fright. 

Anaana (a'-na-a-na'), v. 1, To prac- 
tise divination or sorcery upon: E 
anaana ana ia kakou; they were 
practising sorcery upon us. 2. To 
cast a death spell upon; to pray 
the gods to visit calamity or death 

Anaanai (a'-na-a-na'i), adj. Angry; 
passionate; irritated; enraged. 

Anaanai (a'-na-a-na'i), v. 1. [A repe- 
tition of anai.] Same as anai. 2. 
To grind or gnash the teeth as 
with anger. 3. To provoke anger 
by teasing. 

Anaanapu (a'-na-a-na'-pu), v. 1. To 
undulate, as the air under a hot 
sun. 2. To send forth light; to 
flash, as lightning: Anaanapu ka 
uila; the lightning flashes. 

Anaanapuu (a'-na-a'-na-pu'u), adj. 1. 
Bent; crooked; out of a straight 
line: he kaula anaanapuu. 2. Not 
uniform; uneven. See aanapuu, 

Anaanea (a'-na-a-ne'-a), adj. Idiotic; 
foolish; mentally weak, as one un- 
der the spell of witchcraft. 

Anae (a-na'e), n. The full-sized ama- 
ama. See amaama. 

Anae (a-na-e'), v. See hoanae, 

Anaha (a-na'-ha), n. The reflection 
or glancing of light; the flashing of 
light. (Obsolete). See anapa. 

Anahanaha (a-na'-ha-na'-ha), n. Re- 
peated reflection or gleaming of 
light. (Obsolete). See anapa. 

Anahanapa (a-na'-ha-na'-pa), n. See 

Anahonua (a'-na-ho-nu'a), n. 1. Land 
measuring; surveying. 2. A text- 
book that treats of space and its 
relations; geometry. 

Anahonua (a'-na-h6-nu'a), v. [Aria, to 
measure, and honua, earth.] To 
measure the surface of the earth; 
hence, to survey land. Syn: ana- 




Anahua (a'-na-hii'a), adj. Deformed; 
out of shape; disfigured. 

Anahua (a'-na-hu'a), n. 1. Deformity; 
irregularity, or unsightliness of 
feature; disfigurement. 2. The 
god of husbandmen. He was the 
second son of Luahoomoe, a noted 
blind kahuna or priest of Hawaii. 

Anahulu (a'-na-hu'-lu), adj. Occurring, 
coming, or issued every ten-day 
period: He moku anahulu; a ten- 
day boat. 

Anahulu (a'-na-hii'-lu), adv. After 
the interval of ten days; once in 
ten days: Ku anahulu ka moku; 
the boat arrives once in ten days. 

Anahulu (a'-na-hu'-lu), n. A period 
of ten days; ten days: Ekolu ana- 
hulu; three ten-day periods (thirty 

Anai (a-na'i), v. To rub. 

Anai (a-na'i), v. 1. To grind;* to 
scour; to brush down. 2. To polish; 
to smooth: E kalai a maikai, e anai 
a pakika. 3. To blot out; to lay 
waste; to cut off; to destroy. 4. 
To nullify one's character or pre- 

Anaina (a-na'i-na), n. An assembly of | 
persons for a common purpose, as 
for religious worship ; a congrega- ; 
tion; an orderly assembly of hear- j 
ers, 1 

Anaina (a-na'i-na), v. To assemble, 
as around a person or place; to 
meet; to congregate. 

Anainai (a-na'i-na'i), v. To rub often j 
or continuously; to polish. See 

Anainakanaka (a-na'i-na-ka-na'-ka), n. 
A congregation of people; an as 
sembly of men. j 

Anaka (a-nA,'-ka), n. [Heb.] A variety' 
of the polecat; a ferret. 

Anakima (a'-na-ki'-ma), n. [Heb.] A 
race of giants in Palestine; the 
Anaks, Anakim, or Anakims. 

Anakoi (a'-na-ko'i), n. An inflamma- 
tory swelling of a lymph-gland, due^ 
to infection; a tumor of the in- i 
guinal glands, produced by ve- 1 
nereal virus; a bubo. Syn: Awaia- 
hiki. ! 

AnaMo (a'-na-li'o), n. 1. The distance! 
in space of a heavenly body ap- \ 
pearing at or near the horizon. 2. . 

Great distance; remoteness. ! 


Analipo (a'-na-li'-p6), n. A point in I 
space so far distant as to appear { 

to be beyond the stars; a place out 
of sight, or beyond the horizon. 

Anamiu (a'-na-mi'u), n. The root of 
the potato which joins the tuber to 
the main root: Ua hahai lakou i ka 
anamiu o ka uala; they broke the 
root of the potato. 

Anana (a-na'-na), n. 1. The length 
of the arms extended, including the 
body, measured to the tips of the 
longest fingers: a common but in- 
definite measure formerly used. 2. 
A measure of length equivalent to 
six feet; originally, the space to 
which a man may extend his arms; 
a fathom. 

Anana (a-na'-na), v. To enumerate 
by fathoms. 

Ananalo (a'-na-na'-lo), n. A variety 
of the hinalea or coral fish, called 
aho mananalo, 

Ananio (a'-na-ni'o), n. See anamiu. 

Ananu (a-na-nu'), n. A species of 
turnip; any one of various other 
plants in some way related to or 
resembling the common turnip: 
formerly used for food in time of 
famine. See laulele. 

Anapa (a-na'-pa), n. 1. A glistening 
brightness, as of reflected light; a 
shine; a luster; a sheen. 2. A 
sudden bright light; a gleam; a 
flash. 3. A sparkle; a glitter. 

Anapa (a-nS-'-pa), v. To gleam; to 
shine, as by reflected light. 2. To 
cause to appear suddenly or bril- 
liantly; to flash. 3. To shine with 
a rapid succession of gleams; to 
sparkle with light; to glitter. 

Anapanapa (a-na'-pa-na'-pa), n. 1. A 
species of red algae with gelati- 
nous branching fronds — the Gelid- 
ium. Same as ekahakaha. 2. A 
species of soap-tree (Colubrina 
asiatica) the Hawaiian soapbark- 
tree, whose alkaline inner bark is 
used for soap: also known as ku- 
kiiku (Tahitian tutu). 

Anapanapa (a-na'-pa-na'-pa), n. Same 
as anapa. 

Anapanapa (a-nS'-pa-na'-pa), v. See 

Anapaona (a'-na,-p§,'o-na), n. An in- 
strument for weighing; a pair of 
scales; a balance. 

Anapau (a'-na-pau), n. 1. The act of 
leaping or frisking; a prancing 
movement; a caper; a frolic; a 
dance. 2. A frolicker; a dancer. 




Anapau (a'-na-pau), v. To dance; to 
frisk; to caper; to frolic. 

Anapu (a-na'-pu), n. See anapa. 

Anapu (a-na'-pu), v. See anapa. 

Anapunapu (a-na'-pu-na'-pii), n. See 

Anapunapu (a-na'-pu-na'-pii), v. See 

Anapuni (a'-na-pu'-ni), n. 1. The 
boundary line of a circle; circum- 
ference. 2. The bounding line of 
any plane figure; external boun- 
dary; perimeter. 

Anapuini (a'-na-pu'-ni), v. [Ana, to 
measure, and pun'i, around.] To 
bound the exterior of; to encircle; 
to environ; to encompass. 

Anapuu (a-na-pu'u), adj. Not straight; 
curved; bent; crooked. 

Anapuu (a-na-pu'u), n. 1. A curve or 
bend; something regarded as bent 
or crooked; a crook. 2. The curved 
or bent part of a thing. 

Anapuu (a-na-pu'u), v. To bend; to 
curve; to grow crooked; to be out 
of shape; to crook. 

Anatomia (a-na'-to-mi'a), n. 1. The 
science which treats of the struc- 
ture of organisms, especially that 
of the human body; also, a treatise 
on the subject; anatomy. 2. The 
art or practice of dissection. 

Anau (a-na'u), v. To move with 
measured steps; to amble rapidly; 
to rack; to pace. 

Anawaena (a'-na-wa'e-na), n. [Ana, 
measure, and waena, middle.] A 
line passing through the center of 
a circle, and terminated at the cir- 
cumference; diameter. 

Anawaenaloa (a'-na-wa'e-na-ld'a), n. 
[Anawaena, and loa, long.] The 
transverse diameter of an ellipse. 

Anawaenapoko (a'-na-wa'e-na-p6'-k6), 
n. [Anawaena, and poko, short.] 
The conjugate diameter of an el- 

Ane (a'-ne), adj. Eaten or bored 
through by moths; moth-eaten; 
hence, not heavy; light. 

Ane (a'-ne), adv. 1. With difficulty; 
barely; scarcely; not quite; hard- 
ly: Ane haalele ole ia ia; it hardly 
leaves him. 2. Within a little; al- 
most; nearly. 

Ane (a'-ne), n. 1. An insect of the 
mite order that eats wood. 2. The 
wood dust produced by this in- 
sect. 3. A skin disease manifest- 

ing itself usually in circular 
patches; the ringworm. 

Ane (a'-ne), v. To gnaw or penetrate; 
to eat, as a borer. 

Anea (a-ne'a), adj. Insipid; taste- 
less; unsavory. 

Anea (a-ne'a), n. 1. A disease of 
timber caused by the attacks of 
various fungi; the dry-rot. 2. A 
disease of potato-tubers attributed 
to fungi. 3. Inward or hidden cor- 
ruption, as of character or morals. 
4. The apparent vibration of the 
air caused by the heat of the sun. 

Anea (a-ne'a), v. [Contraction of ane- 
ia. the passive form of ane.] 1. To 
be bored by insects; to be moth- 
eaten. 2. To be light, as moth- 
eaten wood. 3. To become worn 
out or worthless. 

Aneane (a'-ne-a'-ne), adj. 1. Faint; 
feeble; low; weak: he leo aneane; 
a faint voice. 2. Uttered at the 
time of dying; efading; closing; ex- 

Aneane (a'-ne-a'-ne), adv. 1. Scarcely; 
hardly; not quite. 2. Nearly; al- 
most. See ane. 

Aneane (a'-ne-a'-ne), n. Lack of food; 

Aneane (a'-ne-a'-ne), v. 1. To be ex- 
hausted, as with hunger; to be 
pinched or nipped by hunger; to be 
hunger-bitten. 2. To blow gently, 
as a light breeze. 

Anee (a-ne'e), adj. 1. Moving by 
jerks or under freque-nt interrup- 
tions; hitchy. 2. Moving about from 
place to place soliciting alms; go- 
ing about begging: He kanaka 
anee; a man going about begging 
(a beggar). 

Anee (a-ne'e), n. One who asks alms; 
especially, one who makes his liv- 
ing by going about from house to 
house begging; a beggar. 

Ane« (a-ne'e'), v. 1. To move by 
jerks; to hobble; to hitch. 2. To 
ask alms especially, to make a 
practice of going about from house 
to house asking alms; to beg. 

Aneenee (a'-ne'e-ne'e), n. A small 
mat which is carried about from 
place to place and used to sit upon. 

Anehe (a-ne'-he), v. To be ready; to 
be on the alert; to be on the point 
of; to be about: Anehe aku la ia e 
kui; he was about to strike. 




Anehenehe (a-ne'-he-ne'-he), n. Vio- 
lence; outrage; disorder; distur- 

Anehenehe (a-ne'-he-ne'-he), v. [Freq: 
anehe.] To be prepared; to be 
ready; to be on the lookout. 

Aneho (a-ne'-ho), n. Any transgres- 
sion of law; any wrong or fault; 
an offense. 

Anei (a-ne'i), adv. 1. In or at this 
place; here: Mai anei aku; from 
here. 2. To this place; hither. Ua 
hele mai anei; he came hither. 

Anei (a-ne'i), adv. [Contraction of 
aenei.] 1. At or during the pres- 
ent time or period; just now: often 
applied to past action in vivid nar- 
ration. Ua ua anei? Has it rained 
just now? 2. At once; instantly; 
forthwith; immediately; now: E 
hele anei au? Shall I go now? The 
adverb anei is used interrogatively, 
but sometimes merely as an ex- 
pletive: e hele anei au ano? Shall 
I go now? See aenei. 

Anei (a-ne'i), v. 1. To return, as 
sound, especially when prolonged 
and in considerable volume; to re- 
verberate. 2. To cause to ring or 
sound loudly; to roll the sound of, 
as distant thunder; to peal. Syn: 

Anela (a-ne'-la), n. [Eng.] A messen- 
ger from heaven; an angel. 

Ancne (a-ne'-ne), n. Contraction of 

Anetelopa (a'-ne-te-16'-pa), n. [Eng.] 
An antelope. 

Anetelope (a'-ne-te-15'-pe), n. [Eng. J 
Same as anetelopa. 

Aneto (a-ne'-to), n [Eng.] A small 
plant of the parsley family (Pim- 
pinella anisum) ; the anise. 

Anewa (a-ne'-wa), adj. Indulging in 
ease; lazy; slothful; listless. 

Anewa (a-ne'-wa), v. 'To be inactive; 
to be slothful; to be lazy. 

Anewa newa (a-ne'-wa-ne'-wa), v. 1. 
To move unsteadily to one side 
and the other in standing or walk- 
ing, as one intoxicated; to reel; 
to stagger. See kunewanewa. 2. 
To begin to give way; to hesitate; 
to doubt; to waver. 

Ani (a'-ni), adj. Drawing; dragging, 
as a net for fish: He upena ani, 
a dragging net (draw-net). 

Ani (a'-ni), v. 1. To pass over a sur- 
face, as the hand over a table. 2. 
To draw a net over the surface of 

the water. 3. To beckon one with 
the hand; to make signs secretly to 
one. 4. To blow softly, as a gentle 
breeze: Ke ani nei ka makani; the 
wind blows softly. 

Ania (a-ni'a), adj. 1. Smooth and 
even. 2. Burnt superficially; parch- 
ed; singed; scorched. 

Ania (a-ni'a), v. To be hard and 
smooth on the surface. 2. To burn 
superficially without consuming; 
to singe; to scorch. 

Aniani (a'-ni-a'-ni), adj. 1. Agree- 
able; cool; refreshing. 2. Soft; 
gentle. 3. Gently blowing; zephyr- 

Aniani (a'-ni-a'-ni), adv. Softly; gent- 
ly; quietly: Olu mai la ka hoi kahi 
makani e ko aniani mai nei; cool- 
ing is the breeze that gently blows. 

Aniani (a'-ni-a'-ni), n. 1. A glass; a 
mirror; a looking-glass: He aniani 
nana helehelena, he kilo kekahi 
inoa. Also known as kilo. 2. A 
gentle breeze; a zephyr. 

Aniani (a'-ni-a'-ni), v. To cool; to re- 
fresh one heated; to blow gently, 
as a wind: Aniani mai la ka ma- 

Aniania (a-ni'a-ni'a), adj. 1. Smooth 
and even, as the surface of a planed 
board; smooth, as the sea in a 
calm. 2. Gently flowing; not ruf- 
fled; not obstructed. 3. Scorched; 
parched; singed; burnt superficial- 
ly. Syn: Ania. 

Ani ha (a-ni'-ha), v. 1. To be pro- 
voked at the mischief of one; to be 
angry at a person on account of ly- 
ing and deception. 2. To be hard- 
ened in crime; to be capable of 
committing any offense. 3. To act 
or do to excess. 

Anihaniha (a-ni'-ha-ni'-ha), adj. Ex- 
cessive; extreme; overmuch; un- 

Anihaniha (a-ni'-ha-ni'-ha), adv. Ap- 
proaching closely to a state, con- 
dition, or the like, but not quite 
reaching it; very nearly; approxi- 
mately; almost: Anihaniha makou 
e pae, a loaa ka makani. 

Anihinihl (a-ni'-hi-ni'-hi), adv. See 

Anihinihl (a-ni'-hi-ni'-hi), n. The 
small tubers of the taro plant (Co- 
locasia antiquorum) that are at- 
tached to the rootstock. See oni- 




Anini (a-ni'-ni), adj. Dwarfish; very 
small; inferior; stunted. 

Ano (a-no'), adv. At the present I 
time; at once; instantly; now. i 

Ano (a'-no), n. Fear of impending | 
danger; awe; dread: Ua kau mail 
ke ano iau la; fear fell upon me.: 

Ano (a'-no), n. 1. Likeness; resem- ' 
blance; image of a thing. 2. The 
meaning of a word or phrase. 3. 
The moral quality of an action, as 
good or evil, or the moral state of 
the heart. 4. The character of a 
person, as to his life and manners. 
5. The explanation of a thing ob- , 

Ano (a'-no), v. 1. To be frightened; 
to be stricken with sudden fear; to 
be overcome with awe: Ano wale; 
mai la no au. 2. To be silent; to 
be solitary, as a deserted village. 

Ano (a'-n6), v. To take a definite 
shape ; to have a form or appear- 
ance, j 

Anoa (a-n6'a), adv. (Obsolete.) Same j 
as ano. i 

Anoai (a'-n6-a'i), adv. It may be; pos- 1 
sibly; perchance; peradventure; 

Anoai (a'-n6-a'i), n. A form of salu- 
tation. Same as aloha. 

Anoano (a'-n6-a'-n6). adj. Solitary; 
still; retired; weird, Aohe lua o 
ka noho ana i ua kula anoano ka- 
naka ole nei. 

Anoano (a'-n6-a'-n6), n. 1. A solemn 
stillness. 2. A lonely place; a 
sacred, hallowed place. 

Anoano (a'-n6-a'-n6), n. 1. Seeds; 
the seeds of fruit, as apple. 2. Se- 
men. 3. Progeny; offspring. 

Anoe (a-n6-e'), v. To be unlike in 
any respect; to be of a different 
state, condition, or the like; to be 

Anoho (a-n6'-h6), n. An ancient ta- 
bu enforced when a chief was about 
to go into or come out of his bath. 
It was an offense punishable by 
death to stand or remain standing 
as a chief entered into or emerged 
from his bath. 

Anoi (a-no'i), n. A vehement desire; 
a longing; a craving: Ka anoi e 

Anoi (a-no'i), v. To de-sire very 
strongly; to covet . 

Anoiani (a'-n6-la'-ni), adj. [Ano, char- 
acter, and lani, heaven.] Of heaven- 
ly character; good; noble; pure; 

celestial: he kino anoiani, a ce- 
lestial body. 

Anonanona (a-no'-na-no'-na), n. 1. 
The ant. Syn: Nonanona. 2. The 
name of a periodical formerly 
printed in Hawaii, also called no- 

Anoni (a-no'-ni), n. Tapa made by 
beating in bits of different colored 

Anoni (a-no'-ni), v. 1. To mix to- 
gether, as several ingredients of 
food. 2. To interweave; to inter- 
twine; to interlace, as the threads 
or filaments of a woven fabric. 3. 
To render impure or incorrect by 
changes or errors; to debase the 
quality of; to corrupt. 4. To weigh 
in the mind; to mediate or reflect 
upon; to ponder. 5. To be agitated 
with anxiety; to be troubled in 
mind. 6. To hesitate to accept as 
true or certain; to doubt. 

Anon'inoni (a-n6'-ni-n6'-ni), adj. Un- 
certain; doubtful. He ola anoni- 
noni, an uncertain life. 

Anoninoni (a-n6'-ni-n6'-ni), v. To be 
undecided; to waver in opinion; to 
doubt. See anoni. 

Anononi (a'-n6-n6'-ni), v. To doubt; 
to hesitate; to be in suspense; to 
falter. See anoni. 

Anu (a'-nQ), adj. Lacking heat or 
warmth; of low temperature; cold; 
frigid: Ka poai anu, the frigid 

Anu (a'-nu), n. The absence of heat 
or warmth; chilliness; cold: Ua 
make au i ke atiu; I am dead with 
the cold. 

Anu (a'-nu), v. To be cold; to feel 
cold: Ua anu au i kahi kapa ole; 
1 am cold without clothes. 

Anua (a-nu'a), n. A heap, as of mats 
piled one upon another; a mass of 
anything thrown together in one 
place; a pile. 

Anuanu (a'-nii-a'-nii), adj. See anu. 

Anuanu (a'-nu-a'-nu), n. See anu. 

Anuenue (a-nti'e-nu'e), n. An arch of 
light exhibiting the spectrum colors 
in their order; the rainbow. 

Anuhe (a-nu'-he), n. A worm that 
feeds chiefly on leaves and vege- 
tables; the larva of insects; the 
caterpillar. See enuhe, peeiua, po- 

Anuhenuhe (a-nu'-he-nu'-he), adj. 1. 
Not completely cooked; not cooked 
sufficiently to lose its redness and 




juices; underdone; rare. 2. Of 
poor quality; rank; bad; stale: Ai 
anuhenuhe; stale food. 3. Con- 
tracted into ridges and furrows; 
puckered; wrinkled: Anuhenuhe 
ka ili i ke anu ; the skin is wrinkled 
with cold. 

Anuhenuhe (a-nu'-he-nG'-he), n. 1. 
The' state or quality of being rare 
or underdone; rareness: Ka anu- 
henuhe o ka pipi; the rareness of 
beef. 2. The quality or state of be- 
ing stale; staleness; rankness. 8. 
A wrinkle or group of wrinkles; a 
pucker, as of the skin from cold. 4. 
a species of fish (Kyphosus fus- 
cus). It is more generally known 
as nenue or manaloa. 

Anulu (a-nu'-lii), v. Incorrect form of 

Anunenune (a-nu'-ne-nu'-no), v. See 

Anunu (a-nu'-nu), adj. See alunu. 

Anunu (a-nu'-nu), n. A corruption of 

Anuu (a-nu'u), n. 1. A frame struc- 
ture in a sacred enclosure, about 24 
feet high and 18 feet square, en- 
closed with white oloa tapa tied to 
its small rafters (aho). 2. A high 
structure in a heiau (temple) ad- 
joining the right side of the pae- 
humu (enclosure of images). 3. 
(Obsolete.) A ship: a term former- 
ly applied to a seagoing vessel: No 
ka naaupo ua kapaia aku e makou 
ka moku he anuu. 4. A jog in a 
wall. 5. Stairs or steps for as- 
cending a height: Anuu wili, wind- 
ing stairs. 6. A ledge of rocks. 7. 
Jogs or steps in ascending a steep 
place. 8. A tone in music; the in- 
terval of a major second. 9. A 
violent straining of the ligaments 
of a joint; a sprain, 10. A misstep 
or stumble occasioned by losing the 
balance or striking the foot against 
an object; a false or wrong step, 
actual or figurative; a slip; an 

Anuu (a-nu'u). v. 1. To sprain, as 
the ligaments of a joint: Hina au a 
anuu kuu kua; I fell and sprained 
my back. 2, To make a false 
step; to trip; to stumble; to mis- 

Anuuhapa (a-nu'u-ha'-pa), n. [Anuu, 
a tone, and hapa, half.] An inter 
val in music approximately equal to 

half a major tone on the scale; a 
semi-tone; a half-tone. 

Anuunuu (a-nu'u-nu'u), adj. 1. Hav- 
ing steps like stairs; provided or 
made with steps: He alanui a'nuu- 
nuu; a road made with steps. 2. 
Having a wave-motion; wavy; vi- 
brating; undulating: He leo anuu- 
nuu, a vibrating tone. 

Anuunuu (ilnu'u-nu'u), n. 1. Stairs; 
steps for ascending or descending. 
2. A plaid, a garment. 3. In music, 
a vibrato, a tremolo. 

Anuunuu (a-nu'u-nu'u), v. 1. To 
strike; to beat; to pound. 2. To 
give a wavy motion to; to cause to 
vibrate; to undulate. 

Ao (ao), adj. Informed; instructed; 

Ao (a-o), n. 1. Food, such as taro or 
potatoes, that is baked and dried: 
often preserved for use in time of 
scarcity or famine. 2. Pilotbread; 
ship-biscuit; hardtack. 3. A col- 
lection of watery particles floating 
in the air; a cloud. The Hawaiian 
astrologers classified the clouds ac- 
cording to their natural or phe- 
nomenal appearances as portraying 
omens of good fortune and pros- 
perity or of misfortune and disaster. 
4. The light of day; daylight. 5. 
The time of sunlight between two 
nights; daytime; day. 6. The earth; 
the world. 7. A new shoot or bud 
on a plant; also, a protuberance 
containing an axis with its appen- 
dages in an early or undeveloped 
state; a bud. A kupu, a lau, a loa, 
a ao, a muo, a liko. 

Ao (a'o), n. The bird (Himatione 
sanguinea). See akakane, and 

Ao (ao), v. 1. To grow light or 
bright; to be or become light or 
day. 2. To begin to grow light in 
the morning; to break, as the day; 
to dawn. 3. To come into action 
or a realization of the truth, as 
after a state of indifference or the 
like; to become alert; to wake. 4. 
To take notice of; to regard with 
attention; to mind; to heed. 5. 
To develop shoots from buds or 
seeids; to germinate; to sprout. 6 
To become overcast as with 
clouds; to cloud. 

Aoa (a'5-a), adj. 1. Wailing; howl- 
ing. 2. V^ocif erous ; clamorous. 3. 




Expressing sorrow; mournful; la- 

Aoa (a-o'-a), n. A species of terres- 
trial pulmonata, a small variegated 
land-snail found mostly on the 
leaves of the* akolea fern and other 
forest undergrowths. 

Aoa (a-6'a), n. 1. A small evergreen 
tree (Santalum freycinetianum) ; a 
sandalwood tree. 2. The fragrant 
wood of the genus Santalum; san- 
dalwood. Also known as iliahi. 

Aoa (a'o-a), n. 1. The cry of a wolf 
or of a dog in distress; a howl. 2. 
The act of lamenting or bewailing; 
a sorrowful or wailing cry; lamen- 
tation; bewailment. 

Aoa (a'o-a), v. 1. To cry like a dog 
or a wolf; to howl. 2. To give a 
hollow cry of distress or grief; to 
wail. 3. To grieve; to mourn; to 

Aoakua (a'5-a-kii'a), n. 1. A lonely 
place, generally barren and se- 
cluded; an unfrequented region 
supposed to be the haunt of the 
spirits. 2. A desolate place; an 
uninhabited or haunted locality; a 
desert. See waoakua. 

Aoao (a'6-a'o), n. 1. Any one of the 
bounding lines of a surface; side; 
boundary. 2. A way, habit, or man- 
ner peculiar to one's life; a mode 
of living; a course of life. 

Aoao (a'o-a'o), n. A plan laid for the 
accomplishment of some unworthy 
object; a conspracy; a plot. 

Aoao a'o-a'o), v. 1. To perform re-- 
peatedly; to accustom; to practise. 
2. To impart knowledge; to in- 
struct; to teach. 3. To lay plans 
for the accomplishment of some un- 
worthy object; to conspire; to plot. 

Aoaoa (ao-a'o-a), n. [Mod.] An imi- 
tative word meaning a dog. 

Aoaoa (a-o'a-o'a), n. A sea breeze 
that blows gently toward land, 
especially over Honolulu. 

Aoaonui (a'o-a'o-nu'i), n. 1. A spe- 
cies of fish (Abudefduf sordidus). 
Called also kupipi and oonui, 

Aoaowela (a'o-a'o-we'-la), n. Same as 

AoaWihiwihiula (ao-a'-wi-hi-wi-hi-u-la), 
n. A cumulus cloud having a pink- 
ish or ruddy tint. 

Aoe (a-o'e), adv. No; not; not at all; 
by no means. Syn: Aole, aohe. 

Aoe (a-6'e), v. To make a succes- 
sion of quick, gentle sounds, such 

as are caused by friction; to rustle; 
to ripple. See oe, owe. 

Aohe (a-o'-he), adv. No; not; not at 
all; by no means. Syn: Aoe, aole. 

Aohehoi (a-o'-he-ho'i), adv. Not so. 

Aoheio (a-6'-he-i*o), adv. 1. Certain- 
ly not; really not; not so. Interro- 
gatively, it is sometimes used to 
denote a possibility. 2. Is it like- 
ly? Is it possible? 

Aoheiohoi (a-o'-he-i*o-ho*i), adv. Cer- 
tainly not so; really not so. 

Aohele (a'o-he'-le), v. 1. To teach as 
one travels; to instruct as one goes 
from place to place; to preach 
while traveling. 2. To proclaim; 
to declare; to publish, as a law. 

Aoheokanamai (a-o'-he-6-ka'-na-ma'i) , 
adv. 1. Beyond the range of vision; 
to an extent or degree beyond the 
actual or conceivable. 2. Exceed- 
ing in quality or quantity beyond 
conception; surpassingly. 

Aohoku (a'o-ho-ku'), n. 1. Astron- 
omy. 2. Instruction in the science 
of astronomy. 3. An astronomer. 

Aohoku (a'o-ho-ku'), v. To teach 
about stars; to instruct in the 
science of astronomy. 

Aolkl (ao-I'-ki), n. Small clouds bank- 
ed along the horizon. Syn: Kiike- 

Aoka (a-o'-ka), v. To be chewed or 
masticated into fine particles; to 
be crushed or ground to powder. 

Aokaaoka (a'-o'-ka-a-o'-ka), n. 1. A 
minute part, piece, or portion of 
matter; a particle. 2, Crumbs; 
fragment; morsel. 3. Lees; dregs. 

Aokaaoka (a'-o'-ka-a-o'-ka), v. Same 
as aoka. 

Aokahaea (a'o-ka'-ha-e'a), n. A vari- 
gated cloud, usually a sign of storm 
and supposed to be the foreshadow 
of some dis-^ster; a raincloud. 

Aokaoka (a-o'-ka-o'-ka), v. See aoka. 

Aoku (ao-ku'), n. A cloud which 
quickly condenses, as it rises, and 
forms into rain; a cloud foreshad 
owing a short or light shower 
usually accompanied with sunshine 

Aole (a-6'-le), adv. Same as aohe 

Aoleeole (a-o'-le-e-o'-le), adv. [Lit 
It cannot be not.] 1. It cannot but 
be. 2. It cannot be otherwise 
without a doubt. 

Aolehoina (a-o'-le-ho-i'-na), n. A part 
ing wish, salute, or compliment 




implying uncertainty of return; a 
good-by; an adieu. 

Aoleiohoi (a-o'-le-i'o-ho'i), adv. See 

Aolepaha (a-6'-le-pa'-ha), adv. 1. Per- 
haps not; possibly not. 2. It may 
not be; likely not. 

Aoloa (a'o-lo'a), n. 1. A high cloud, 
as distinguished from aopoko or 
low cloud. 2. One who holds a 
high post; a distinguished person. 
3. Stratus clouds, such as are seen 
along the horizon. 

Aomilo (a'-o-mi-16), v. To cause abor- 
tion by the use of the a. See omilo. 

Aone (a-6'-ne), adj. Having the char- 
acter of dirt mixed with sand; cov- 
ered with sand; sandy. 

Aone (a-o'-ne), n. 1. Fine rock ma- 
terial mixed with decaye-d vege- 
table or animal matter; loose soil. 
2. Loose earth, whether mixed 
with sand or not; fine dirt, re- 
sembling the grains of sand. 

Aono (a-o'-n6), adj. Consisting of 
one more than five; twice three; 
six: a cardinal numeral. Syn: 

Aonoka (a-6'-n6-ka'). adv. Not very 
lately; very long ago; very long 
since; not just now. 

Aonuihoolakolako (a'o-nu'i-ho'o-la'-k6- 
la'-k6), n. 1. A cloud presenting 
the appearance of irregularly 
rounded white heaps or masses; a 
cumulus. 2. A cloud appearing at 
night in masses of white pillars, 
which was regarded by the tillers 
of the soil as an augury of pros- 

Aoo (a-o'o), adj. Having attained 
full development of one's powers 
and character; highly developed; 

Aoo (a-6'-6'), n. A sharp instrument 
made of smooth polished bone, used 
in bleeding or in procuring abor- 
tion, and in the treatment of cer- 
tain diseases of the blood. See* ko- 

Aoonohi (a'6-o-no'-hi), n. A cloud 
which appears to refract the rays 
of light and to predict the approach 
of a storm; a raincloud. 

Aoopua (a'o-6-pu'a), n. Any sharp- 
pointed or arrow-shaped cloud. 

Aopoko (a'o-po'-k6), n. 1. A low 
cloud. 2. One who occupies a low 
station in life; a person of little 
distinction or low character. 

Aouli (a'6-u'-li), n. 1. The firma- 
ment; the sky. 2. The blue vault 
or arch of heaven that appears to 
bend over the earth. 

Apa (a'-pa), adj. 1. Meddling; offi- 
cious; mischievous, as a child. 2. 
Careless ;_ awkward; blundering. 3. 
Slow; tardy. Syn: Aapa. 

Apa (a-pa'), n. A roll; a bundle; a 
ream, as of paper; a bolt, as of 

Apaa (a-pa'a), n. 1. A strong steady 
tradewind. 2. Name of a region 
or section of land on the side of the 
mountain below the mau or waok^- 
naka. See mau and waokanaka. 

Apaapa (a'-pa-a'-pa), adj. 1. Unset- 
tled; unstable; irresolute. 2. Un- 
truthful; deceitful; false; tricky: 
he kanaka apaapa; a deceitful per- 
son. 3. Carele-ss; awkward; blun- 
dering. 4. Slow; tardy. 

Apaapa (a'-pa-a'-pa), n. 1. Guile; de- 
ceit; evil, in any sense. 2. That 
which is untrue or false, as opposed 
to stability and truth: haalele i ka 
oiaio no ka apaapa; forsook the 
truth for that which is false. 3. 
One who freque-ntly changes posi- 
tion or situation through caprice; a 
capricious person. 

Apaapa (a'-pa-a'-pa), v. To be evilly 
disposed; to be' treacherous; to be 
mischievous; to deceive. 

Apaapaa (a-pa'a-pa'a), adj. Firm; 
hard; compact; solid, as a well- 
built road: he alanui apaapaa. 

Apaapaa (a-pa'a-pa'a), n. 1. A strong 
wind that blows at times off the 
northern coast of Kohala. See 
apaa. 2. A variety of lobster; a 
marine crustacean. 

Apaapa'ni (a-pa'a-pa'-ni), n. A speech 
in opposition; a quick reply, as in a 
verbal controversy. 

Apaapani (a-pa'a-pa'-ni), v. 1. To en- 
gage in a verbal controversy over; 
to oppose or overwhelm with 
words; to reply quickly, as in a 
wordy combat. 2. To be so over- 
come with words as to cause one 
to forget the subject of dispute. 

Apahu (a-pa'-hii),adj. Brought prom- 
inently to notice, as by some dis- 
tinguishing mark; marked: Nani 
na kanaka apahu. 

Apahu (a-pa-hu'), n. 1. The sudden 
bursting forth of a sound. 2. A 
sudden explosion; a detonation. 




Apahu (a-pa'-hu), n. 1. A piece, as 
of wood, cut off or in two. 2, A 
clean cut made at right angles with 
the plane of the object that is cut 
off. 3. A species of fish (Ranzania 
makua. Also known as makua. 

Apahu (a-pa'-hii), v. 1. To cut up; 
to cut off square, as a piece of tim- 
ber. 2. To cut in pieces; to cut in 
two; to chop off. 3. To fill to dis- 
tention by crowding food into one's 
mouth; to cram; to pack full; to 

Apai (a-pa'i), n. A round bag-shaped 
net of very fine mesh, usually made 
of the ieie (Preycinetia arnotti) 
fibre, which is used for catching 
the opae (shrimp) and oopu (Ele- 
otris sandwicensis). 

Apakau (a'-pa-ka'u), v. 1. To seize 
upon; to lay hold of; to hold on to. 
2. To disturb; to disarrange; to 
displace. 3. To act without judg- 
ment; to be improvident. 

Apali (a-pa'-li), v. To be bold or im- 
pertinent in the presence of a su- 
perior or a stranger. (Obsolete.) 

Apalipall (a-pa'-li-pa'-li'), v. 1. To 
hurry; to make haste; to hasten: 
E apalipali i kou mau kapuai. 
hasten your footsteps. 2. To be 
bold or impertinent in the presence 
of a superior or a stranger. See 
apali. 3. To be superior or dis- 
tinguished; to surpass others; to 
excel, properly in something good 
or praiseworthy: Apalipali o Maui, 
o Maui no ka oi. 

A pan a (a-pa'-na), n. 1. A fragment; 
a patch; a portion; a piece; a slice: 
Apana uuku, little piece. 2. A di- 
vision of country; a district. Apana 
o Ewa; district of Ewa. 3. The 
part of a circle bounded by two 
radii and the arc subtended by 
them ; a sector. 

Apanapoai (a-pa'-na-p6-a'i), n. [Apa- 
na, a sector, and poal, to surround.] 
The part of a circle included with- 
in a chord and its arc; a segment. 

Apane (a-pa'-ne), adj. Reddened, as 
by a sudden suffusion of blood; 
flushed; blushing. 

Apane (a-pa'-ne), n. 1. A drepani- 
dine bird (Himatione sanguinea), 
much valuexi for its red feathers. 
Same as apapani. 2. A species of 
the ohia or lehua (Metrosideros 
polymorpha), having red blossoms: 

also known as ohia apane, ohia le- 
hua, or lehua puakea. 

Apani (a-pa'-ni), v. To go from house 
to house tattling and doing noth- 
ing; to go about idly. He mea hele 
kauhale e apani ana ia hale aku ia 
hale aku. 

Apanipani (a-pa'-ni-pa'-ni), v. To go 
about without aim or purpose. See 

Apapa (a-pa'-pa), n. 1. A strong 
wind that blows at times off the 
northern coast of Kohala. See 
apaapaa. 2. A shallow place in the 
sea, usually a coral bed where fish 
abound. See hapapa. 

Apapa (a-pa'-pa), v. See apaapa. 

Apapalani (a'-pa-pa-la'-ni), n. The 
heavens and its spiritual powers. 

Apapane (a'-pa-pa'-ne), n. A drepa- 
nidine bird (Himatione sanguinea). 
See apane. 

Apapanuu (a-pa-pa-nu*u), n. The un- 
derworld and its spiritual powers. 

Ape (a'-pe), n. A species of plant 
(Alocasia macrorrhiza), formerly 
used as food in times of scarcity: 
also known as apii. 

Apeape (a'-pe-a'-pe), adj. Like a 
spring; elastic; flexible; limber. 

Apeape (a'-pe-a'-pe), n. A variety of 
the ape (Gunnera petaloidea), hav- 
ing very large leaves and growing 
at high elevations. Also known as 
ape lau nui. 

Apeapea (a-pe'a-pe*a), n. See opea- 

Apeepee (a-pe'e-pe'e), n. A species of 
the Hawaiian algae (Laurencia pin- 
natifida) commonly known as li- 

Aperila (a-pe-ri'-la). n. [Eng.] April; 
th« fourth month in the English 
calendar year . 

Apeu (a-pe'u), n. A mat of very poor 
grade, quality, or texture. 

Apeupeu (a-pe'u-pe'u), adj. 1. Having 
no proper texture, as a mat. 2. 
Lacking in good qualities, or the 
qualities that render a thing valu- 
able, or sufficient for its purpose; 
bad; poor. 

Api (a'-pi), n. 1. The gills of a fish. 
Syn: Mahamaha. 2. The fins of a 
fish, which serve to propel, balance, 
or steer it in water. 3. A palpita- 
tion; a throb; a beat. 4. A round 
bag-shaped net of very fine mesh. 
Syn: Apai. 5. A species of flat fish 




(Platophrys pantherinus) — Also 
known as pakii. 

Api (a'-pi), V. To strike at, with or 
as with a flap; to flap. 2, To trem- 
ble; to shake; to quiver. 3. To 
palpitate; to throb; to beat, as 
the pulse. 4. See opi. 

Apiapi (a'-pi-a'-pi), n. The breathing 
of the air dissolved in water, as a 
fish does. 

Apli (a-pi'i), n. 1. A variety of taro 
(Colocasia antiquorum) which re- 
sembles the lauloa. 2. A species of 
plant (Alocasia macrorrhiza. Same 
as ape or apeape. 

Apiipii (a-pi'i-pi'i), adj. Having curls; 
wavy; crimpy; crinkly; curly: 
lauoho apiipii, curly hair. 

Apiipii (a'-pi'i-pi'i), n. Same as apli. 

Apikapika (a-pi'-ka-pi'-ka), adj. Char- 
acterized by or marked with spots; 
spotted. See opikopiko. 

Apiki (a-pi'-ki), adj. 1. Addicted to 
roguish tricks; roguish; mischie- 
vous. 2. Skilful in deceiving others; 
artful; cunning; crafty. 3. Aiming 
or tending to deceive; false; tricky; 

Apiki (a-pi'-ki), n. 1. A thoroughly 
dishonest and unprincipled person; 
a trickster; a scoundrel; a rogue. 

2. An idle, sturdy beggar; a roving 
vagabond ; a vagrant of either sex. 

3. Sleight; cunning; craft. 

Apiki (a-pi'-ki), n. A shrub of the 
genus Sida, having yellow flowers. 
Same as ilima. 

Apiki (a-pi'-ki), v. 1. To be unfair; 
to be unscrupulous. 2. To amuse 
one's self at the expense of an- 
other; to be roguish; to act mis- 
chievously. 3. To beg; to live at 
the expense of others. 

Aplklpiki (a-pi'-ki-pi'-ki), n. 1. The 
state of being agitated, physically 
or mentally; disturbance; agita- 
tion. 2. A fold or doubling; a 
folding; a plait or pleat. 

AplkipikI (a-pi'-ki-pi'-ki), n. Varie- 
gated or spotted tapa. 

Apikipiki (a-pi'-ki-pi'-ki), v. 1. To 
fold up; to lay in plaits; to lay or 
bend over upon itself. 2. To spread 
out one upon another for the pur- 
pose of folding, as tapa; to fold in 
strips; to double in narrow folds; 
to plait or pleat. 3. To be trou- 
bled; to be agitated. See opiopi. 

Apipi (a-pi'-pi), adj. 1. United; 
brought or joined together. 2. 

Having two of a sort together; 
composed of two; coupled; dou- 
ble; he waa apipi, a double ca- 

Apo (a-p6'), n. A variety of sweet 

Apo (a'-p6), n. 1. The act of catch- 
ing; grasping, or seizing; a catch. 2. 
The hand fully extended as though 
about to span or encircle some- 
thing; a span. 3. A clasping in the 
arms ; an embrace. 4. The act of re- 
ceiving, admitting, or welcoming 
others. 5. Acceptance; admission; 
reception. 6. The art or process of 
taking into the mind; mental ac- 
ceptance. 7. A hoop; a band: Apo 
hao, iron hoop. 8. The parenthe- 
sis. 9. An ornamental ring, band, 
or chain encircling the wrist or 
arm; a bracelet. 10. A ring or 
hook passed through the lobe of 
the ear; earring. 11. A circle. 
12. A strap or band for the waist; 
a girdle; a belt. 13. The union of 
the malar or cheek bone with the 
temporal bone. 

Apo (a'-p6), V. 1. To receive and 
hold; to grasp and retain; to 
catch. 2. To span or reach around; 
to encircle in measurement with 
the extended hand; to put one's 
arm around. 3. To admit to one's 
presence or company; to welcome; 
to greet. 4. To accept, receive, or 
take; to adopt; to embrace. 5. To 
perceive mentally; to comprehend; 
to understand. 

Apoapo (a'-p6-a'-p6), n. 1. The act 
of catching; the act of grasping 
or seizing; a catch. 2. A sudden 
or violent attack; a fit or spell; 
a seizure. 3. The state of being 
agitated, physically or mentally; 
disturbance; agitation. 4. A rapid 
throbbing or fluttering movement 
of the heart; a palpitation. 5. A 
bunch, as of taro; a hill, as of po- 
tatoes: he apoapo, he apuepue. 

Apoapo (a'-p6-a'-p6), v. 1. To draw 
the earth about or over (plants) in 
mounds; to surround with earth; 
to hill: E apoapo i ka uala; hill 
the potatoes. See puepue. 2. To 
catch at frequently; to snatch or 
scramble for. 3. To come upon or 
affect suddenly; to begin suddenly 
and powerfully to act upon; to 
seize, as fear: Apoapo ka naau 1 
ka makau. 4. To be agitated; to 




be troubled: Apoapo ka oili. 5. To 
palpitate; to throb; to beat: 
Apoapo a lelele ka oili. 

Apogula (a'-p6-gu'-la), n. [Apo, ring, 
and gula, gold.] 1. A gold finger- 
ring. 2. A gold bracelet. 3. A gold 

Apohao (a'-p6-ha'o), n, [Apo, hoop, 
and hao, iron.] 1. An iron hoop or 
band. See apo. 2. Formerly a 
name of the king's guard. 

Apokau (a'-p6-ka'u), v. See apakau. 

Apoke (a-po'-ke), n. A short piece 
cut or broken off. 

Apoke (a-p6'-ke), v. [A, and poke, 
short.] To cut up into short 

Apolima (a'-p6-li'-ma), n. [Apo, ring, 
and lima, hand.] 1. An ornamental 
band, ring, or chain encircling the 
wrist or arm; a bracelet, a finger- 
ring. 2. A signet. 

Apono (a-p6'-n6), v. 1. to regard as 
worthy of acceptance, commenda- 
tion, or favorable attention; to 
treat, receive, or present with fa- 
vor; to approve. 2. To give sanc- 
tion to, as by official act; to rati- 
fy; to confirm. 3. To show to be 
just; to prove to be proper, right, 
or lawful; to justify. 4. To give 
assent to; to agree; to accept. 

Aponoia (a'-p6-n6-i'a), adj. 1. Ap- 
proved; ratified; confirmed; justi- 
fied. 2. Accepted; agreed; adopt- 

Apoo (a-po'o), n. 1. One who gads 
continually or habitually; a gad- 
der; a gadabout. 2. That which 
shelters from injury or annoyance. 

Apoo (a-po*o), V. 1. To go from 
house to house, doing no work; to 
go about idly for diversion or idle 
curiosity: to gad. 2. To hide; to 
be under cover; to seek shelter, as 
from rain: Ua apoo hele i kauhale 
i ka ua. 

Apoopoo (a-po'o-po'o), n. 1. A deep 
cavity; a hollow. 2, The sole; the 
hollow part of a horse's hoof. 

Apopepeiao (a'-p6-pe-pe'i-ao), n. [Apo, 
a ring, and pepeiao, ear.] A ring for 
the ear; an earring. 

Apopo (a'-p6-p6), adv. On the day 
after today; on the next following 
day; on the morrow; tomorrow: 
Hele kakou apopo; we go tomor- 

Apopo (a'-p6-p6). n. [A, until, po, to 
vanish, and po, night.] Lit. Until 

night vanishea, hence: 'the next 
day afted the present one; the 
next succeeding day; the morrow; 
Apu (a'-pu), n. 1. A small drinking- 
vessel, usually made of coconut 
shell; a cup. He apu ka iwi o ka 
niu. 2. Any hollow vessel of what- 
ever shape, size, or material, used 
for serving food at meals; a cup 
or bowl; a dish. 3. The contents 
of a cup. 4. Figuratively, any un- 
usual affliction or pleasure; lot. 

5. The act or process of devouring. 

6. Destructive action, especially 
operating with violence; ruin; 
desolation; ravage: ke apu a ka 
niuhi. the ravages of the- man-eater 
(shark). 7. A file; a rasp. See 

Apu (a'-pii), V. To eat up greedily 
or ravenously; to devour. 2. To 
destroy wantonly; to make away 
with violently or recklessly; to 
waste. 3. To lay waste by devour- 
ing or some other destructive meth- 
od; to ravage: Apu ka niuhi i ka 
moana; the man-eater (shark) 
ravages the ocean. 

Apua (a-pu'a), n. 1. A bag-shaped net 
of very fine mesh; usually made of 
the poniu fibre, which is used for 
catching the opae (shrimp) and 
opu (Eleotris sandwicensis). See 
apai. 2. One who disobeys or dis- 
regards the orders of his chief. 

Apua (a-pu'a), v. To be disloyal; 
to disregard or disobey, as the 
orders of a chief. 

Apuapaleleo (a-pu'a-pa'-le-le'o), n. 
One who disobeys the commands of 
a chief or priest. Same as apua 

Apuapaleleo (a-pii'a-pS,'-le-le'o), v. 
[Apua, to disobey, pale, to reject, 
and leo, voice.] To disobey or dis- 
regard, as the orders of a chief. 
Same as apua. 

Apuapu (a'-pii-a'-pu), n. A file; a 

Apuapu (a'-pu-a'-pii). v. To cut or 
smooth with a file; to reduce or 
sharpen with a file; to file. 

Apuauhuhu (a'-pu-au'-hu'-hu), n. [Apu, 
cup, auhuhu, the fish-poison plant 
(Tephrosia piscatoria).] A cup for 
containing the auhuhu; hence, a 
cup of poison. 

Apuawa (a'-pii-a'-wa), n. [Apu, cup, 
and awa, a plant (Piper methysti- 




cum) of the pepper family.] A cup 
containing beverage prepared from 
this plant; a cup of awa, 

Apuepue (a-pu'e-pu'e), adv. With dif- 
ficulty; barely; not quite; scarcely. 

Apuepue (a-pu'e-pii'e), n. 1. Any 
contest for advantage or superior- 
ity; rivalry; strife. 2. The state 
or quality of being difficult; the 
condition of a work or task as 
greatly beset with obstacles, hin- 
drances, or perplexities; difficulty: 
He hana me ka apuepue, a work 
of difficulty. 

Apuepue (a-pu'e-pu'e), v. 1. To 
force; to solicit one of the other 
sex. See pue, 2. To strive; to 
contend; to struggle: Apuepue na 
kanaka i ka ai i ka manawa wi. 

Apuka (a-pu'-ka), n. 1. The practices 
of a swindler; defrauding; swind- 
ling. 2. A fraudulent schemer; a 
cheat; a defrauder; a swindler. 
3. One who comits forgery; a 
forger, 4. The act of falsely mak- 
ing or materially altering, with in- 
tent to defraud, any writing which, 
if genuine, might be of legal effi- 
cacy or the foundation of a legal 
liability; forgery. 

Apuka (a-pii'-ka), v. To deprive of 
something dishonestly; to cheat; 
to defraud. 2. To cheat and de- 
fraud grossly or with deliberate 
artifice; to swindle. 3. In law, to 
make a false and fraudulent imi- 
tation of something which, if gen- 
uine, would import legal efficacy; 
to forge. 

Apukoheoheo (a'-pu-ko-he'o-he'o), n. 
[Apu, cup, and koheoheo, deadly.] 
A cup containing a mixture of sev- 
eral 'poisonous ingredients, princi- 
pally auhuhu (Tephrosia pisca- 
toria) and awa (Piper methysti- 
cum): a cup of poison prepared for 
the purpose of suicide or for the 
execution of criminals: Eia ka apu- 
koheoheo, he wahi mea ola ia. 

Apulu (a-pu'-lu), adj. 1. Used, as a 
garment; hence much used and 
showing the results of wear; worn. 
2. Used until without value for its 
purpose; worn-out: applied to in- 
animate objects. O ua moku apu- 
lu, luhi i ke pahonohono. 

Apulu (a-pu'-lu), n. That which is 
worn or used and shows the re- 
sults of wear; anything worn out 

by continual use or attrition; 
hence, ruins; relics; remains. 

Apulu (a-pii'-lu), V. To be impaired 
by continual use or attrition; to be 
worn out: Ua apulu ka moena. the 
mat is worn out. 

Apuni (a-pu'-ni), n. 1. An angry or 
noisy dispute or quarrel; an alter- 
cation; a wrangle. 2. A day fur- 
nishing an unfavorable omen, as to 
one's enemies; an inauspicious or 
ill-omened day: E hee ai kou hoa 
palo ia oe, no ka mea o apuni keia 
la, he la hee. 

Apuni (a-pu'-ni), v. To dispute angri- 
ly or noisily; to quarrel noisily 
and contentiously; to brawl; to 
altercate; to wrangle. 

Apuupuu (a-pu'u-pu'u), adj. 1. Having 
the surface broken abruptly; rug- 
ged; uneven; rough: He alanui 
apuupuu; a rough road. 2. Full of 
hills or hillocks; hillocked or hil- 
locky; hilly: He aina apuupuu; 
a hilly region. 

Apuupuu (a-pu'u-pu'u), n. 1. A small 
hill or mound; a hillock; hence, 
any rough or uneven surface. 2. 
Ruggedness; unevenness; rough- 

Apuwai (a'-pQ-wa'i), n. [Apu, cup, 
and wai, water.] 1. A variety of the 
taro (Colocasia antiquorum) whose 
cup-shaped leaves collect water. 
2. A cup of liquid food, or medi- 

Aredea (a-re-de'a), n. The heron. 

Areza (a-re'-za), n. A large tree of 
the pine family; the cedar or fir. 

Asario (a-sa-ri'-o), n. A farthing. 

Au (au'), n. 1. A continuous move- 
ment in the same direction in the 
midst of the ocean; a tide; a cur- 
rent. 2. A circular motion, such as 
caused by an eddy in a river or 
ocean, or produced by a circular 
movement of the arm. 3. The 
fibrous arrangement of the parti- 
cles in wood or other vegetable sub- 
stance, determining its hardness, 
smoothness, etc.; a grain. 4. A 
series, succession, or train of 
thought or opinion. 

Au (aiS), n. 1. A period or space of 
time. 2. A definite portion of dura- 
tion, whether past, present, or fu- 
ture, considered as that in which 
something may happen; a duration 
of time, more or less definitely 
designated by the reign or the 




lifetime of a king: I ke au o Kala- 
niopuu, in the time (reign or life- 
time) of Kalaniopuu. 
Au (a'u), n. 1. A species of fish 
(Xiphias gladius) having the bones 
of the upper jaw consolidated to 
form an elongated sword-like 
process; a sword-fish. 2. A vol- 
canic lava, spongy or cellular from 
bubbles of steam or gas which it 
contained during liquidity, used as 
a polishing-material; a pumice 
stone. Its poroaity renders it so 
exceedingly light that when dry 
it floats readily on the surface of 
water, sinking only when thor- 
oughly saturated. Owing to this 
property it is found very widely 
diffused over the ocean bed and 
is obtained in regions of active 
volcanoes, such as the Hawaiian 
islands, the Lipari Islands, etc. 

Au (au), n. 1. The part of an object 
intended to be grasped with he 
hand in lifting or using it; a helve; 
a handle. 2. The staff or shaft of 
a weapon. 3. A viscid, bitter fluid 
secreted by the liver; gall; bile. 4. 
A term applied to a tract of land 
inshore, suitable for cultivation, as 
distinguishe-d from kaha, a narrow 
strip bordering on the seacoast, 
usually barren and not adapted to 
food production. A place; a region; 
a district; a country. It is seldom 
used as a separate word, but gener- 
ally as a prefix to some other quali- 
fying or limiting word: he auakua, 
a place of gods. 

Au (au), pron. I, the nominative 
case singular of the personal pro- 
noun of the first person; the pro- 
noun by which the speaker or 
writer designates himself. When 
preceded by the emphatic o, as o 
au, it takes the form wau for the 
sake of euphony. 

A'u (written and pronounced a'u). 
pron. One of the forms of the 
possessive case singular of the per- 
sonal pronoun of the first person: 
my; of or by me. 

Au (au), pron. One of the forms of 
the possessive case singular of the 
personal pronoun of the second per- 
son: you or yours; of or by you. 

Au (aii'), V. 1. To move through wa- 
ter by natural means of propulsion; 
to swim. 2. To float on the sur- 
face of water. 3. To accelerate 

the movement or action of; to ex- 
pedite; to hurry. 4. To appear to 
go round and round; to seem to 
reel. 5. To have a craving wish, 
appetite, or desire; to yearn; to 
long for. 6. To ponder; to medi- 
tate; to reflect. 7. To be com- 
pletely occupied; to be fully en- 
Aua (au'-a), adj. Close; stingy; pe- 
Aua (a-u'a), n. 1. A species of milk- 
fish (Chanos chanos). Also called 
awa, awa-awa, awa kalamoku, and 
awa kalamoho. 2. The note of the 
bird alala (Corvus tropicus). 
Aua (a-u'-a), n. Stinginess; close- 
ness; penuriousness. 
Aua (a-u-'a), v. To dislike to part 
with; to be close or stingy; to with- 
hold or keep back; to retain. 
Auae (au-a'e), adj. Skilled in the 
use of the bodily or mental powers; 
ready or skillful in emergencies; 
adroit; dexterous; expert; clever. 
Auae (au-a'e), n. 1. Laziness; in- 
dolence; indifference or indisposi- 
tion to work. 2. One who spends 
time idly. 
Auae (au-a'e), n. The central and 
anterior part of the lower jaw be- 
low the mouth; the chin. Syn: 
Auae (au-a'e), v. To be lazy; to be 
indolent; to be indifferent or indis- 
posed to work; to spend time idly, 
Auaepuu (a'li-a'e-pu'u), v. To be lazy; 
to be indolent; to be indifferent or 
indisposed to work. Syn: Auae. 
Auakua (a'u-a-kii'a), n. 1. A lonely 
place, generally barren and seclud- 
ed; an unfrequented region sup- 
posed to be the haunt of the spirits, 
etc. 2. A desolate place; an unin- 
habited or haunted locality; a 
Aualii (a'u-a-li'i), n. A tabu sacred 
to Kamalalawalu (often called Ka- 
ma for brevity), who was an an- 
cient chief of Maui. It was called 
kapu akua (god's kapu), and its 
violation involved the death penal- 
ty: O ka noekolo aualii kapu o 
Aualo (au-a'-16), n. A shed adjoining 
the front or veranda of a house; 
an outhouse, generally used for 
storing canoes and other property. 
Auamo (au-a'-mo), n. 1. A stick or 
pole use-d in carrying burdens 




across the shoulders. 2. A yoke; 
a palanquin. Called also aumaka 
and mamaka. 3. A burden; a ser- 
vice: He mama kau auamo, my 
burden is light. 

Auamo (au-a'-m6), v. To carry, as a 
burden, on the shoulders or back 
by means of a stick; to convey on 
a pole across the shoulders. 

Auamoe (a'u-a-m5'e), v. To carry an 
extra heavy burden causing one to 
bend under its weight; to bear a 
very heavy load as to cause a 
sprain or bruise of the shoulder 
or neck. 

Auana (au-a'-na), adj. Scattering, 
wandering, dispersed. 

Auana (au-a'-na), v. See auwana. 

Auanei (a'u-a-ne'i), adv. 1. Soon; by 
and by; hereafter. E ua auanei, 
ke opiopi mai nei ke ao. 2. Now; 
at the present time. E aloha 
auanei, fare thee well at present. 

Auau (a'u-a'u), adj. Bathing; wash- 
ing: He wahi auau, a bathing 

Auau (a'u-a'u), n. 1. The small stick 
that is thatched to the rafters, to 
which the roof-covering is secured 
in the process of building a heiau 
or temple. 2. The act of bathing 
or the state of being bathed. 3. A 
bath; a wash; an immersion: Ua 
hele i ka auau, he has gone for a 

Auau (a'u-a'u), n. A species, of fish 
(Tylosurus giganteus) with long, 
powerful toothed jaws, the lower 
one being a trifle longer than the 
upper; a belonoid fish; a garfish 
or guardfish. Also known as aha- 

Auau (a'u-a'u), n. 1. A spear made 
from the stalk of the loulu palm 
(Pritchardia arecina), and mount- 
ed with shark's teeth on its pointed 
end. 2. A snare; a trap; a device 
for catching and killing birds. He 
auau, he pahele e make ai ka ma- 
nu; a trap, a device for killing 
birds. See pahele. 

Auau (a'u-a'u), v. 1. To bathe; to 
immerse or wash in water. 2. To 
wet; to lave or suffuse. Aleale 
ka waimaka, auau i ka lihilihi. 

Auau (au-a'u), v. To accelerate the 
movement or action of; to expe- 
dite; to hasten; to hurry. 

Auaunei (a'u-a'u-ne'i), adv. See au 

Auaupapaohe (a'u-a'u-pa'-pa-o'-he), n. 
A variety of fish of the auau spe- 
cies. See auau, aupapaohe. 

Auauwaha (a'u-a'u-wa'-ha), n. A long 
narrow excavation in the ground; 
a trench. 

Auauwaha (3,'u-S.'u-wa'-ha), v. To dig 
a trench in; to cut into trenches; 
to trench. 

Auawlli (a'-u-a-wi'-li), n. [Au, tide, 
and awili, to turn.] A returning 
tide, he nalu mauka aku (an in- 
ward current). 

Aue (au-e'), interj. See auwe. 

Aue (au-e'). v. See auwe. 

Auha (a'u-ha'), n. An outhouse, gen- 
erally used for storing canoes; a 
temporary shelter; a shed. See 

Auha! (a'u-ha'i), v. See uhai. 

Auhaka (a'u-ha'-ka), adj. Spindle- 
legged; having long slender legs. 

Auhaka (a'u-ha'-ka), n . 1. A term 
applied to a man with long slender 
legs; a spindle-legs; a spindle- 
shanks. 2. Any animal with long 
slender legs. 

Auhau (a'u-ha'u), n. 1. A handle made 
from the wood of the hau tree. 
2. A spear of hau wood; especial- 
ly, a stick of dry young hau wood, 
shaped like a spear, which was 
used in the ancient pastime known 
as oahi (fiery dart). 3. The femur 
and the humerus bones of the hu- 
man skeleton. 

Auhau (a'u-h§,-u), n. 1. A tax; a 
levy; an assessment. 2. A tribute 
paid by the people for the benefit 
of the chiefs. 

Auhau (a'u-ha-u), v. 1. To tax; to 
levy; to assess. 2. To exact; to 
compel the payment of. 

Auhauhul (a'u-ha'u-hu'i), n. A part 
of the religious ceremony (hui 
being the other part) in the prac- 
tice of sorcery (hoopiopio). Syn: 

Auhaumaule (a'u-h5,'u-m§,-u'-le), n. A 
misplaced or concealed noa stone 
in the game of puhenehene; a 
missing noa stone: Ina auhauma- 
ule ka pa, ua hunaia malalo o ka 

Auhaupuka (a'u-ha'u-pu'-ka), n. 1. 
A beggar; one who asks alms or 
solicits favors. 2. Beggary; the 
state or habit of begging. 

Auhaupuka (a'u-ha'u-pu'-ka), v. To 
beg from door to door; to solicit 
for charity; to ask alms. 




Auhea (au-he'a), adv. 1. Where; at 
or in what place, relation, or situa- 
tion. 2. Near what place; about 
where; whereabouts. 

Auhee (au-he'e), v. 1. To run away 
from danger; to seek safety in 
flight; to flee. 2. To cease to be 
visible; to vanish; to disappear. 

3. To be routed or put to flight; 
to be scattered; to be dispersed. 

4. To go along; to get away; to 
free oneself. 5. To refrain or ab- 
stain from; to forbear: E auhee 
i ka ino, to refrain from evil. 6. 
To be destitute; to be poor; to 
be friendless. 7. To be bereaved; 
to be deprived of all comforts. 8. 
To make desolate, 

Auhele (au-he'-le), v. 1. To go, pass, 
or move through water without 
any definite course; to swim about 
without any definite point in view. 
2. To sail about without any fixed 

Auhola (au-h6'-la), n. A species of 
shrub or plant (Tephrosia pisca- 
toria), often called hola for brevity. 
See auhuhu. 

Auhola (au-ho'-la), v. 1. To catch 
fish by means of poisonous doses 
prepared from the bark of the auho- 
la; to fish with the auhola; hence, 
2. To make stupid; to stupefy. 

Auhonua (a'u-h6-nu'a), n. 1. A con- 
siderable period marked off by 
some important event or special 
characteristics, as the creation of 
the earth, or the life period of 
some eminent person; an age; 
an era or epoch: I ke auhonua o 
na Kaisara ua hiki aku i ka nuu 
ka mana o Roma, in the age of the 
Caesars the power of Rome had 
reache*d its culminating point. 2. 
The starting point in space, time, 
action, or being; commencement; 
origin; beginning. I ke auhonua 
hanau o Papa i keia mau moku, in 
the beginning Papa gave birth to 
these islands. See kinohi. 

Auhuhu (au-hu'-hu), n. A plant 
(Tephrosia piscatoria) containing 
narcotic properties, used by natives 
for stupefying fish. Also called 

Auhuiaana (a'u-hu'-la-a'-na), n. 1. The 
act of swimming or passing through 
the fairway around a promontory; 
a swim through the waterway 
around the projection of a high 

cape. 2. The proper course through 
a channel, especially around a 
promontory; the fairway around 
the projection of a high cape; a 
water-way; a water-route. 

Auhuli (au-hu'-li), v. 1. To turn 
back, or upside down; to cause to 
rev'jrt, move in an opposite man- 
ner, or invert; to reverse. 2. To 
break or turn up the soil for plant- 
ing to till. 3. To overturn; to 

Auhulihia (a'u-hu'-li-hi'a), v. The 
verbal noun or gerund of auhuli, a 
turning; an inverting; a revers- 
ing; an overturning. 

Auhulihia (a'u-hu'-li-hl'a), v. [The 
past participle of auhuli, with the 
expletive hia.] Turned back; re- 
versed ; overturned. 

Auhulu (au-hu'-lu), v. 1. To sort out 
feathers into grades, kinds, or 
sizes; to assort. 2. To put in a 
grade, class, or rank with those of 
like quality and apart from others; 
to classify. 

Aul (a'ii-T), n. 1. A wave; a billow; 
a roller. 2. A case in grammar. 

Aul (a'u-i), V. 1. To bend down; to 
decline. 2. To deviate or turn 
from a giv€m position or direction; 
to slope; to incline. 3. To become 
gradually impaired; to draw to an 
end; to decay: Ua aul ka mana, 
power has decayed. 4. To inflect 
or give in order the various case- 
forms of a noun, a pronoun, or ad- 
jective. 5. To pass by; to termi- 
nate; to elapse. 6. To swell; to 
rise; to roll up. 7. To roll or rock 
from side to side; to rise and fall 
alternately at the bow and stern; 
to pitch. Auwi is a corrupt form 
of this verb. 

Auiale (a'ii-i-a'-le), n. 1. A great 
wave of the sea; a swell; a billow. 
2. One of a series of long, swelling 
waves; a roller. 

Auiaui (a'u-i-a'u-i), v. To swell; to 
rise; to roll up„ as a high sea. 
See aui. 

Auina (au-i'-na), n. The act or state 
of bending, sloping, or moving 
downward; descent; slope; decli- 

Auka (au-ka'), adj. Weary; tired. 

Auka (a-u'-ka), adv. 1. Up to the 
shore or land; to or as far as the 
shore or land. 2. Up to the in- 
terior of land; as far as inland. 




3. Up to or toward the mountain; 
to or as far as the mountain. 4. 
TEng. out.] A word used only in 
gambling. When one wins he says 

Auka (au-ka'), n. 1. Exhaustion of 
strength caused by physical toil; 
fatigue; weariness. 2. A piece of 
wood, metal, or other solid ma- 
terial, usually long in proportion to 
its width and thickness, and fre- 
quently forming a barrier or ob- 
struction, as to a passageway; a 
bar. 3. The narrow ridge or strip 
between the flutes of a column; 
a facet; a fillet. 4. A capstan 
bar; a flat iron strip fastening a 
hatch. 5. A barrier closing a road- 
way or entrance, especially the en- 
trance to a town or city, anciently 
intended as a protection against be*- 

Auka (au-ka'), v. To be wearied; to 
become fatigued or worn out. 

Aukahi (au-ka'-hi), adj. 1. Having 
a surface without projections or 
irregularities readily perceptible ; 
not rough; even; smooth. 2. Free 
from anything defective, faulty, or 
unsightly; clear. 3. Having noth- 
ing disagreeable in speech; smooth 
and pleasant in manner; suave. 

Aukaka (au-ka'-ka), n. 1. A definite 
locality or spot far out at sea, 
usually a coral bed with overlapping 
ledges where fishes abound. 2. A 
fishing-ground in deep sea. 

Aukaku (a'u-ka-ku'), n. A fish, va- 
riety of the au (Xiphias gladius). 
See kaku, kupala. 

Aukanaka (a'u-ka-na'-ka), n. 1. An 
area of country inhabited by a 
group of people; a thickly popu- 
lated locality. 2. A regular or set- 
tled place of living; ones dwelling 
place; a settlement. 3. A cluster 
of houses in the country; a little 
village; a hamlet. 

Aukela (au-ke'-la). v. To swim ahead 
of others; to surpass others in a 
swimming contest. 

Auki (au-kl'), n. The stem or trunk 
of the ti plant. 

Auki (a-u-ki'), n. A species of fish 
(Hyporhamphus pacificus), having 
the lower jaw prolonged into a 
slender beak, related to the mee- 
mee or iheihe; the half beak. 

Aukol (a'u-ko'i), n. See auwakoi. 

Auku (au-kii'), n. 1. The heron. See 
aukuu. 2. A shallow stream. 3, A 
path or road leading uphill. 

Auku (au-ku'), v. 1. To swim or sail 
uprightly, as a vessel rising and 
pitching in a heavy sea. 2. To turn 
up the nose, as an expression of 
pride, anger, or contempt. 3. To 

Aukuku (a'u-kii-ku'), n. 1. The agita- 
tion of the waves in a stream; 
restless waters rising and leaping 
in endless rebound. 2. A swelling 
up of the watec of the sea; the 
rise and rapid flow of water in a 
river: Moana ke kai kele a ka 
aukuku ke kae i ka hohonu. 

Aukuu (au-ku'u), n. 1. A fish-hook 
with a long, slender shaft, resem- 
bling the neck of the aukuu. 2. 
The action of a person vomiting. 
3. A species of bird. The heron 
(Ardea sacra). 

^re he aukuu la ke kau i ke ahua, 
As a heron that sits upon a bank, 

Alaalawa na maka me he pueo la. 
Its eyes looking about like an owl. 

Aula (a-u'-la), adj. Stunted, as. vege- 
tation; barren, as ground: he pa- 
lakai, he aula, he ponalo. 2. Some- 
what red; l^rownish; unfruitful; 

Aulama (a'u-la'-ma), v. 1. To illumi- 
nate with a torch. 2. To give or 
cause light around: He kolikukui i 
aulamaia. See lama. 

Aulau (a'u-lau), n. 1. The process of 
gathering leaves along the shore 
to wrap fish in. The leaves com- 
monly used for wrapping were 
those of the pohuehue, manewane- 
wa, lauao and ti leaves, when 
available. 2. A bundle of laui or 
pohuehue leaves bound together, 
used in taking fish. See Laulau. 

Aulele (a'u-le'-le), v. To frighten a 
flock of birds into flight. 

Aulepe (a'u-le'-pe), n. Name of a 
long, slender fish, known also as 
iheihe and auki. A species of au. 
See iheihe. 

Aulli (a'u-li'i), adj. Neat; nice; ex- 

Aulilkolomanu (au-li'I-ko'-lo-ma'-nu), 
n. 1. A beautiful, well-formed per- 
son. 2. Any article beautifully 
made. 3. An expression of com- 
mendation or praise, connected 
with boasting or pride of one's cir- 
cumstances or privileges, as being 
skilful, expert or reflecting. 




Aulike (a'u-ir-ke), adj. Even and 
smooth from end to end, as a 
piece of timber: he laau aulike, 
a straight, smooth piece of timber. 

Aulike (au'-li'-ke), v. [Au, to swim, 
and like, alike.] To swim evenly; 
to swim abreast, as two or more 

Aullma (a'u-li'-ma), n. [Au, a handle, 
and lima, the hand.] The name of 
the stick held in the hand when 
rubbing to produce fire. (The name 
of the stick rubbed is aunaki. The 
action of rubbing is hia.) 

Auma (a'u-ma), n. [A contracted 
form of paiauma.] Mental distress; 
sorrow; grief, expressed audibly 
or otherwise. See paiauma. 

Aumalewa (au-mai-e'-wa), n. A mode 
of fishing in which many persons 
are employed. 

Aumaka (a'u-ma'-ka), n, [Au, a 
handle, and maka, burden-bearer.] 
A pole to carry baggage on; also 
called mamaka and auamo. 

Aumakua (a'u-ma' ku'-a), adj. Able, 
that may be trusted as a child 
trusts to a parent; ua ola ke akua 
aumakua. Kukuluia ka hale no ko 
Kamehameha mau iwi, i mea e 
hoolilo ai iaia i akua aumakua, a 
house was built for Kamehameha's 
bones that he might become a re^ 
liable god. 

Aumakua (au'-ma'-ku'-a), n. A trust- 
worthy person. A person who pro- 
vided for a chief or for chief's. A 
trusty, steadfast servant; one who 
is not easily persuaded to leave 
his place. 

Aumakua (a'u-ma'-ku'-a), n. A class 
of ancient gods who were con- 
sidered able and trustworthy: na 
aumakua i ka po, na aumakua i ke 
ao, gods of the day; o kiha i ka 
po, o Liloa i ka po, o Umi i ka po, 
o Mea ike ao. 

Aumeume (a-u'-me-u'-me), n. Effort; 
exertion of strength, physical or 
mental; a contention; acting with 
opposition and force: he huki aku, 
huki mai, a puepue, there was pull- 
ing this way and that with force; 
he ola nae, he ola aumeume, there 
was life, however, but life with con- 

Aumeume (a-u'-me-u'-me), v. [A and 
ume, to pull, draw out.] To con- 
tend, to strive for a thing, in order 
to obtain it from another; to pull 

from one to another: aumeume na 
kanaka i ka ia, the people con- 
tended for the fish; aumeume na 
kanaka i ka lole, the people con- 
tended for the cloth. 

Aumiha (a'u-ml'-ha), n. Evil influ- 
ence supposed to attend the graves 
of the dead. 

Aumiha (a'u-mi'-ha), v. To float off 
in the air, as miasma; contagion; 
to float away. 

Aumihi (a'u-mi'-hi), v. [Au, to reflect 
and mihi, to repent.] To grieve; to 
be sorry; to regret. Same as mihi. 

Aumiki (a'u-mi'-ki), n. [Au, gall and 
miki, to act quickly.] A water 
especially prepared to counteract 
the unpleasant results of drinking 
awa [a drink made from the awa 
root]. It consists of the best spring 
water mixed with the juice of the 
noni fruit and is set aside in a clean 
calabash ready for use when the 
awa is taken. 

Aumoana (a'u-mo-a'-na), n. [Au, to 
swim and moana, ocean.] 1, A 
sailor; one who spends most of 
the time on the ocean. 2. A class 
of laws enacted by Kaahumanu. 
3. The nautilus. 

Aumoe (a'u-mo'e), n. [Au, time, and 
moe, to sleep.] The time when the 
world is asleep; night. Specific- 
ally, midnight. 

Aumu (a'-u'-mu), adj. The stones of 
an oven or oven stones; pohaku 

Aumu (a'-u'-mu), n. Stones used for 
a native oven or imu. 

Aumu (a-u'-mu), v. To bake; to cook 
by baking or burying under ground. 
See Kahumu. 

Auna (a'u-na), n. A great number 
of persons or things. Nohea la 
kela auna kamalii? Where does 
this crowd of children come from? 

Aunaki (a'u-na'-ki), n. The name of 
the stick rubbed upon in obtaining 
fire by friction. See aulima. 

Aunel (a'u-nei'), adv. Incorrect form 
of auanei. 

Auolo (au-o'-16), adj. Pertaining to a 
temporary building or shed; tem- 
porarily sheltered or covered: he 
ahaaina auolo; a temporarily shel- 
tered feast; hence applied to the 
annual festival of the Jews known 
as the feast of tabernacles, com- 
memorating their dwelling in tem- 




porary shelters or tents in the 

Auolo (au-o'-16), n. 1. An outhouse, 
generally used for sheltering ca- 
noes. 2. A temporary house; a 

Aupapa (a'u-pa'-pa), adj. Deprived 
of; destitute. Applied figurative- 
ly, it describes one who, capsized 
with his canoe, loses everything 
but the board that he swims with: 
Aole he wahi hunahuna i koe, 
There is not a fragment that re- 

Aupapa (§.'u-pa'-pa), adv. In a com- 
plete manner; fully; entirely: He 
ohiha aupapa maoli no ka Kaaia- 
hua, Kaaiahua stripped ("it" under- 
stood) completely. That is to say, 
Kaaiahua took everything. 

Aupapaohe (a'u-pa-pa-6'-he), n. A 
species of the fish, au. Marked 
with dark stripes; it runs with 
the opelu-papaohe. See auau. 

Aupula (a'u-pu'-la), n. A mode of 
fishing when the pula stick or pu- 
lale is used to drive or entice the 
fish into a net. 

AupunI (a'u-pu'-ni), adj. Relating to 
the kingdom or government: he 
hana aupuni, government work. 
He mau lio aupuni, horses, the 
property of the Government. 

Aupuni (a'u-pu'-ni), n. [Au, a place 
'and puni, around.] 1. A region of 
country governed by a chief or 
king. (Originally the word did not 
imply a large country, as there 
were formerly several aupuni on 
one island.) At present, the word 
is used to signify: 2. The govern- 

Aupuni (a'u-pu'-ni), v. 1. To exist or 
be known as a kingdom: ua au- 
puni keia pae aina, these islands 
are at peace. 2. To become a 
kingdom or republic. 
Auwa (au-wa'), v. [Au, a period of 
time and wa, to think or reflect.] 
The word is evidently a corruption 
of aua, to withhold; to retain. 
Auwaa (a'u-wa'a), n. [Au, a number, 
and waa, a canoe.] A cluster or 
fleet of canoes: o ka nui o ka 
auwaa, ua pau i ka lukuia, the 
greater part of the fleet of ca- 
noes was destroyed. Any number 
of canoes in company: e hooma- 
kaukau i ko lakou auwaa iho, to 
get ready their own canoes. 

Auwaalaki (a'u-wa'a-la-ki'), n. The 
little ships which children make of 
cane leaves; auwaalaki hooholo- 
holo. See auwaalauki. 

Auwaalalua (a'u-wa-ala-lu'a), n. The 
Portuguese man-of-war (Physalia 
utriculua), a free swimming sea 
animal related to the jelly-fish. 
Also known as pololia. 

Auwaalauki (a'u-wa'a-lau-ki'), n. [Au- 
waa, fleet of canoes, and lauki, 
leaves of the ti plant.] A fleet of 
toy canoes made from the leaves 
of the ki or ti plant. 

Auwae (a'u-wa'e), n. The chin; 
auwae kahi malalo o ka waha, the 
chin is below the mouth. 

Auwaealna (S,'u-wa'e-a'i-na), n. A 
present of a hog or fruits of the 
land to the landlord (hakuaina). 
(When land was transferred to a 
new owner and he reinstated the 
people upon it, they usually brought 
him presents of hogs, food, tapa, 
fish, nets, etc.) 

Auwaealna (a'u-wa'e-a'i-na), v. To 
ramble; to roam over a region for 
the purpose of inspection or for 
pleasure: He holoholo auwaealna. 

Auwaepuu (a'u-wa'e-pu'u), n. Indo- 
lence; idleness; indifference. 

Auwaha (^'u-wa'-ha), n. [Au, furrow, 
and waha, mouth.] An opening of 
the ground, as a furrow; plowed 
ground; a ditch; a channel; a 
place dug like a pit: He lua loihi 
i eli ia a puni ke kihapai, a long 
pit dug around the garden. 

Auwaha (a'u-wa'-ha), v. To furrow; 
to make a groove in wood;- to cut 
forked, like the foot of a rafter on 
a Hawaiian house. 

Auwai (a'u-wa'i), n. [ A u, furrow, and 
wal, water.] A brook; a small 
water course. The outlet of a pool. 
The general name for streams used 
in artificial irrigation. 

Auwalhiki (a'u-wai-hi'-ki), n. A swell- 
ing in the groin or in the armpit. 
A running disease in the groin 
caused by impure habits: he wai 
ma ke kumu uha, he aukoi, he 
auwai, he auwakoi, a swelling in 
the groin and under the arms. Syn: 
Auwakai, ewai awaiahiki and 

Auwakoi (a'u-wa'-ko'i), n. He au- 

waiahiki; a swelling in the groin; 

a bubo. Syn: Auwaiahiki. 

Auwana (a'u-wa'-na) or au ana, v. 

(In this, as in many other cases. 




the w is merely an expletive, as 
the words may be written in either 
way and the pronunciation contin- 
ue the same.) 1. To wander; to go 
from place to place. 2. To scatter; 
disperse, as an army. 3. To go 
astray morally; to deviate from 
the path of rectitude. 

Auwe (au-we'), or aue, interj. 1, An 
exclamation of wonder, of surprise, 
of fear, of pity or affection, as oh! 
woe! alas! Auwe kakou, alas for us! 
Auwe ka lehulehu o ka poe i poho, 
alas for the multitude of those who 
were lost! 2. Also an expression 
of execration or cursing, 

Auwe (au-we'), n. 1. The cry of per- 
sons lamenting for the sick or 
dying; lamentation for any great 
loss or calamity. 2. A proclaming 
of evil against some one; a curs- 

Auwe (a'u-we), v. 1. To express an 
emotion, as of love, grief, disap- 
pointment. 2. To mourn for one 
beloved. 3. To cry for help; to 
cry in great distress. 4. To groan; 
to sigh; to groan inwardly. Syn: 

Auwi (au'-wi), v. Incorrect form of 

Auwina (a'u-wl-na), n. A slope, etc. 
See auina. 

Auwiniwini (au-wl'-ni-wl'-ni), n. [Au, 
handle and winlwini, pointed.] 

1. A term of raillery or reproach, 
used betwe-en persons of the op- 
posite sex. 2. The sharp end of 
the potato leaf: He auwiniwini ke 
au o ka uala luea i ka ua. 

Auwolo (a'u-wo-lo), n. Incorrect form 
of auolo. 

Awa (a'-wa). n. 1. A port or haven 
for ships; a landing place; a har- 
bor. 2. An entrance, as between 
two coral reefs, for canoes and 
other light craft. 3. Condensed 
vapor suspended in the atmosphere 
at or near the earth's surface; 
fog ; mist. 

Awa (a'-wa), n. A species of milk- 
fish (Chanos chanos) highly es- 
teemed as a food-fish. Also called 
aua, awa-awa and awa kalamoho. 

Awa (a'-wa), n. 1. A shrub (Piper 
methysticum) of the pepper family. 

2. A non-alcoholic and unfermented 
beverage of great social and cere- 
monial value prepared by chewing 
the awa root, mixing the comminu- 

ted particles with water, and 
straining the infusion when of the 
proper strength. Taken in modera- 
tion it acts as a stimulant and tonic 
but when drunk to excess produces 
drowsy intoxication and loss of 
control of the leg muscles. 3. The 
quality or state of being bitter; 
acridity; bitterness. 

Awa (a-wa'), v. To deliberate; to 
advise; to counsel. (Obsolete.) 

Awaa (a-wa'a), n. A long narrow ex- 
cavation in the ground; a trench; 
a ditch. 

Awaa (a-wa'a), v. To cut furrows or 
ditches in; to dig. 

Awaawa (a'-wa-a'-wa), adj. 1. Sour; 
bitter; sharp; pungent. 2. Un- 
pleasant to the taste; salty; brack- 
ish. 3. Hard to deal with; harsh 
in manner; severe. 

Awaawa (a'-wa-a'-wa), n. 1. Bitter- 
ness; sourness; sharpness or pun- 
gency, as in taste. 2. Unpleasant- 
ness; harshness, as in manner. 3. 
A mist. S&e awa. 

Awaawa (a'-wa-a'-wa), v. 1. To be 
sour; to be bitter. 2. To be harsh 
or severe in language; to have a 
sour or bitter disposition. 

Awaawaa (a-wa'a-wa'a), adj. Uneven; 
undulating; hilly. 

Awaawaa (a-wa'a-wa'a), v. See awaa. 

Awahewa (a'-wa-he'-wa), n. An eV- 
ror or mistake in conversation; a 
great mistake or blunder in speech. 

Awahewa (a'-wa-he'-wa), v. To make 
a mistake, especially in conversa- 

Awahia (a-wa-hi'a), adj. 1. Sour; 
bitter; pungent. He awahia, he 
mulemule. 2. Harsh; severe. 

Awahia (a-wa-hi'a), n. A mist. See 

Awahia (a-wa-hi'a), n. 1. Sourness; 
bitterness. 2. Harshness; severity. 

Awahia (a-wa-hi'a), v. [The passive 
form (h inserted) of the verb awa.] 
1. To be sour or bitter, as to the 
taste. 2. To be harsh or severe, as 
in word or deed. 

Awahua (a-wa-hii'a), adj. 1. Charac- 
terized by rudeness or gruff ness; 
crabbed; cross; surly. 2. Un- 
yielding to re-ason and resolutely 
bent on having one's own way, 
with little or no regard for the 
wishes or views of others; obsti- 




Awai (a-wa'i), n. An inflammatory 
swelling of a lymph-gland, due to 
infection; a tumor of the inguinal 
glands, produced by venereal virus; 
a bubo. Syn: Awaiahiki, hahai. 2. 
A platform from which an oration 
may be delivered; a rostrum. 3. 
A raised platform ; a scaffold ; a 
pulpit. 4. A number of things or a 
quantity of anything bound to- 
gether; a bundle; a bunch or 
cluster: Lewa ka awai o ka paipu 
a Lonomuku. 

Awai (a-wa'i), v. To bind or fasten 
together; to tie up. 

Awaiahiki (a-wa'i-a-hi'-ki), n. A bubo. 
See awai. 

Awaiku (a-wa-i-ku'), n. The rite ob- 
served in the handling of awa for 
purposes of worship, or as an offer- 
ing to the gods. (This began with 
the digging of the awa root. He 
who did this had first to purify 
himself by a bath in the ocean, 
followed by an ablution in fresh 
water. The purification was com- 
pleted by a priest sprinkling the 
suppliant with water containing 
olena or turmeric. Then having 
arrayed himself in a clean malo, he 
knelt with both knees upon the 
ground and tore the root from its 
bed. Rising to his feet, he lifted 
the awa root to heaven. 

Awailani (a-w^-i-la'-ni), n. 1. Conse- 
crated awa. See awaiku. 2. The 
firmament; the sky; the heavens 
beyond the region of clouds. 

Awakea (a-wa-ke'a), n. [Wakea, the 
god who opened the gate of the 
sun.] The time of day when the 
sun is in the meridian; the middle 
of the day; midday; noon. 

Awakeau (a'-wa-ke-a'u), n. A form 
of greeting used by those who live 
a great distance apart and who 
meet once more after many years 
of separation. (Obsolete.) 

Awala (a-wa'-t^). v. To work gradu- 
ally and with energy; to pull 
steadily and carefully, as a fisher- 
man on his line. 

Awale (a-wa'-le), adj. Susceptible of 
combustion; combustible. 

Awale (a-wa'-le), n. The oxidation of 
a substance with such rapidity as 
to engender heat sufficient to ig- 
nite it; spontaneous combustion. 

Awalau(a-wa-la'u), n. [Literally, many 
channels.] 1. A channel or harbor 

with many inlets. 2. Hawaiian 
name for Pearl Harbor. 

Awalau (ji'-wa-lau'), n. A potion 
made from the root, stem and leaf 
of the awa plant. 

Awalii (a-wa-li*i), n. A hard stone 
from which adzes were formerly 

Awaloa (a'-wa-16'a), n. A place where 
the bones of chiefs were hid; the 
framework or platform on which 
the bones of chiefs were laid when 
secreted in a cave or pit (luahuna). 

Awalu (a-wa'-lG), adj. Consisting of 
one more than seven; twice four; 
eight: a cardinal numeral. 

Awapuhi (a-wa-pii'-hi), n. 1. A spe- 
cies of plant (Zingiber zerumbet) of 
the ginger family; the ginger. 2. 
The pungent rootstock of the gin- 
ger; formerly used to scent tapa. 

. 3. The bastard ginger. 4. Perfume 
made from the ginger plant. 

Awawa (a-wa'-wa), n. A depression 
of the earth's surface; level or low 
land between hills or mountains; 
a valley. 

Awe (a'-we)^ n. 1. That which is car- 
ried on the back of a man or beast ; 
a pack; a burden. See haawa. 2 
The arms or tentacles of a squid. 

Awe (a'-we), y. 1. To bear or cause 
to be borne, as from one place, or 
to another; to bear away; to con- 
vey; to carry: usually followed by 
aku: E awe aku; carry away. 2. 
To convey, carry or conduct to or 
toward the speaker; to bring: gen 
erally followed by mai. E awe mai 
i ka pahi, bring (to) me the knife. 
See lawe, the form more commonly 

Aweawe (a'-we-a'-we), adj. 1. Having 
great cohesivenesS of particles; 
tough; tenacious. Poi aweawe; 
tenacious poi. 2. Adhesive; vis- 
cous; sticky. 3. Having the par- 
ticles diffused; not dense, as rain- 
drops falling slowly; thin or light. 
Ua aweawe, light rain. 4. Hand- 
some; beautiful: applied to men 
and women. 

Aweawe (a'-we-a'-we), adj. Covered 
with slime; slimy. See walewale. 

Aweawe (a'-we-a'-we), n. 1. The foam, etc., left by a vessel 
passing through the water; wake. 
2. The forming of a trail or path in 
the wake of a moving vessel. 3. 
That which is carried on the back 




or shoulders; a pack; a knapsack; 
a burden. See awe. 

Aweawe (a'-we-a'-we), n. The arms 
or tentacles of a squid. Syn: Awe. 

Aweawe (a'-we-a'-we), v. 1. To grow 
or become thin; to thin. 2. To be- 
come less dense, falling perceptibly 
though slowly, as rain-drops; to be 
dispersed or thinned: Ua aweawe 
ka ua, the rain has become le-ss 
dense. 3. To be adhesive or sticky; 
to become tough or tenacious, as 
poi: Ua aweawe ka poi; the poi 
has become tenacious. See uo. 

Aweawea (a-we'a-we'a), adj. 1. In- 
distinct or ill-defined in color or 
sound; lacking in brightness or in 
distinctness of tone, outline, etc.; 
feeble; faint. 2. Not clearly seen 
or apprehended; indistinct; dim: 
He ula aweawea, a faint red; he a 
aweawea, a dim burning. 

Aweawea (a-we'a-we'a), adv. In a 
faint or dim manner; not brightly 
or clearly; obscurely; faintly; 
dimly: Ike aweawea aku la oia he 
wahi onohi ma Koolau o Hawaii. 

Aweawea (a-we'awe'a), n. 1. The 
state of being faint or dim; lack of 
brightness, distinctness, or lumi- 
nousness; obscurity; faintness; 
dimness: ka aweawea o ka wai- 
hooluu, the faintness of the color. 
2. A rapid or instantaneous view; 
a momentary look; a glimpse. 

Aweawea (a'-we'a-we'a), v. To catch 
a glimpse of; to see for an instant; 
to glimpse. 

Aweka (a-we'-ka), adj. 1. False; 
tricky; fraudulent; deceitful. 2. 
Lacking in honesty, integrity," or 
good faith; having a disposition to 
cheat or defraud; untrustworthy; 
dishonest. 3. Close; stingy; par- 

Aweka (a-we'-ka), n. 1. The act of 
deceiving or attempting to deceive; 
fraud; deceit. 2. A disposition to 
be false, unjust, or untruthful in 
one's character or actions; dis- 
honesty. 3. One who deceives; a 
cheat; a deceiver. 4. Extreme econ- 
omy; closeness; stinginess; par- 

Awekaweka (a-we'-ka-we'-ka), adj. 
and n. Same as aweka. 

Awela (a-we'-la), n. A species of fish 
(Thalassoma purpureum). When 
very small the tish is variously 
known as olani, olale, or palaea; 

when small it is called awela, and 
when large, hou. 

Awelawela (a-we'-la-we'-la), adj. Ad- 
mitting of escape; that can be 
escaped; escapable: He kukai awe- 
lawela, a fastening (of nets) ad- 
mitting of escape. 

Awelawela (a-we'-la-we'-la), n. A fish. 
See awela. 

Awele (a-we'-le), n. 1. The objec- 
tive point that one strives to reach; 
the end aimed at; the goal. 2. A 
mark, line, post, pole, or the like, 
made or set up to indicate the 
limit, safety-place, or winning-point 
in any game, race, contest, or com- 
petition: Aka, i lilo ka awele i ke- 
kahi, nana ke eo. 

Aweiu (a-we'-lG), adj. Rent or worn 
into rags or until the texture is 
broken; worn out; ragged; torn: 
He wahi kapa awelu. 

Awelu (a-we'-lu), n. Torn or ragged 
tapa; a rag of any kind. 

Aweluwelu (a-we'-lu-we'-lti), v. To be 
ragged; to be worn out; to be torn, 
as a tapa. See weluwelu. 

Aweoweo (a-we'o-we'o), n. A species 
of shrub (Chenopodium sandwich- 
eum) ; a variety of herbs of the 
goosefoot family; the pigweed. 2. 
A species of red fish (Priacanthus 
cruentatus). The adult is called 
aweoweo, the young, alalauwa. 

Aweuweu (a-we'u-we'u), n. A species 
of wild or mountain taro, common- 
ly known as aweu for brevity, but 
sometimes called mamauea, or na- 

Awiawl (a'-wi-2,'-wi), n. A species of 
herb (Erigeron canadensis); a 
weedy herb of the aster family. See 

Awl ha (a-wi'-ha), n. See aweawea. 

Awl ha (a-wi'-ha), v. See aweawea. 

Awihawiha (a-wi'-ha-wi'-ha), n. See 

Awihawiha (a-wi'-ha-wi-ha), v. See 

Awl hi (a-wi'-hi), n. 1. A momentary 
drawing of the eyelids near to- 
gether; a wink. 2. An amorous or 
coquettish look; a side glance; an 

Awihl (a-wi'-hi), v. 1. To close and 
open the eyelids quickly; to draw 
the eyelids together, as in convey- 
ing a hint or making a sign; to 
wink. 2. To cast admiring, coquet- 




tish, or coarsely familiar glances; 
to ogle. 

Awiki (a-wi'-ki), v. To hasten; to 
hurry; to be quick. See wiki. 

Awikiwiki (a-wi'-ki-wi'-ki), n, A 
climbing shrub of the bean family 
(Canavalia galeata). Also called 

Awlli (a-wi'-li), v. 1. To mix to- 
gether, as different ingredients. 

2. To form of different textures, as 
cloth. 3. To twist together; to 
interweave ; to form by twisting or 
twining; to entwine. 4. To be 
disturbed; to be agitated. See 

Awiliwili (a-wi'-li-wi'-li), v. Same as 

Awiwi (a-wi'-wi'), v. To hasten; to 
hurry; to be quick. See wiki. 

E (e). The second letter of the Ha- 
waiian alphabet. In the cardinal 
numbers from one to nine, E and 
A are often used interchangeably, 
depending upon whether the nu- 
merals are used attributively or 
predicatively, as: elua lio ou, alua 
ou lio. In certain words prefixed 
by the particles a or ma, e is often 
substituted for a: as, elelo for 
alelo (tongue) ; mehana for ma- 
hana (warmth). 

E (e), adj. 1. Not the same; differ- 
€'iit from the one specified; other; 
another. 2. Previously unknown, 
unseen, or unheard of; new; 
strange. Mea e, a strange thing 
(stranger); kanaka e, a strange 
man. Syn: Malihini. 

E (e), adv. 1. From a place; off; 
away: Holo e lakou; they flee 
away. 2. In advance; before the 
time; beforehand: Lohe e au; I 
heard beforehand. 4. In a con- 
trary manner; adversely; oppo- 
sitely: often compounded with the 
verb ku (to stand) ; as, kue, to 
stand in a contrary manner; hence, 
to be opposed to. See ee. 4. [Con- 
traction of ae.] Truly; just so; 
yes: a reply of affirmation or cpn- 
sent, opposed to aole (no). It is 
often used as the sole response in 
conversation, a condemnable usage 
See ae. 

E (e), interj. 1. An exclamation pre- 
fixed to an expression of address, 
as a sign of the vocative or case 
of address: O! E ka Haku! O 
Lord! 2. An exclamation to call 
attention to what is about to be 
said: listen! take notice! say! 

E (e), prep. 1. Expressing the rela- 
tion of agency, cause, means, or 
instrument: through the direct ac- 
tion of; through the help of; by: 
Ua ahewaia oia e ke alii; he was 

condemned by the chief. 2. The 
sign of the future tense, also of the 
infinitive and imperative modes. 

E (e), V. See ee. 

Ea (e'a), adj. Causing disgust or un- 
pleasant sensations; disagreeable; 
offensive, as odor. Same as eaea 

Ea (e'a), adj. 1. Covered with or as 
with dust; dusty: Ea ke ala; the 
way is dusty. 2. Filled with dirt; 
foul; filthy; dirty. 

Ea (e'a), adj. Windy; noisy; clam- 

Ea (e-a'), adj. Tired from talking: 
Ea ka waha i ke ao i ke keikl 

Ea (e-a'), adv. An expression of as- 
sent, affirmation, or interrogatory 
surprise, as in answer to a ques- 
tion, or to repeat the sense of a 
question asked: Ay or aye; yea; 
yes. Ea? he oiaio ia? Aye? is that 
a fact? The sense is often inter- 

Ea (e'-a), interj. An exclamation 
calling attention to what is about 
to be said: I say! Say! Aloha 
oukou, ea! Love to you, I say! 

Ea (e-a'), interj. An interrogative 
ejaculation expressing curiosity, 
surprise, inquiry, etc.: Eh? what? 

Ea (e'a), n. 1. A species of turtle 
(Chelone imbricata) which is of 
great value, as it furnishes almost 
exclusively the tortoise-shell of 
commerce; the hawkbill turtle. 2. 
The shell of the hawkbill turtle; 
the tortoise-shell: He ea kuu wa- 
kawaka. 3. The white thrush, a 
vesicular disease affecting the 
lips, mouth and throat. Generally 
confined to infants. 4. Air; breeze; 
wind: Ke ea ku malie; the still 
air, 5. The breath, as of life: Ke 
ea o ke kanaka; the breath of 




man. 6. Life: Oiai ke ea; while 
life lasts. 

Ea (e'a), n. A melodic as contrasted 
with a harmonic succession of 
notes, rhythmically arranged; tune; 

Ea (e'a), n. 1. A species of fish 
similar to the aawa, but differ- 
ing chiefly in the dark zone on the 
posterior part of its body; the 
dark-colored aawa. 2. A cloud of 
pulverized earth; a dust-cloud, 

Ea me he opua hiki kakahiaka la. 
Me he mea la o Hoku o Mahealani 
Ka hukiku o ka waa la i ka lae. 

Ea (e'a), v. 1. To become erect after 
kneeling, sitting, or lying down; 
to be raised or elevated, as the 
head: Ua ea ae kona poo; his 
head was elevated. 2. To swell 
upward; to rise up: Ea ka muli- 
wai; the stream rises. 3. To rise 
in sight; to appear above the hori- 
zon. Ua ea ae ka mahina; the 
moon has risen in sight. 4. To in 
crease in force, intensity, etc.; to 
rise. 5. To be revived from death; 
to rise or arise from the grave: 
Ue ea hou ka make; the dead has 
risen again. 

Eaea (e'a-e'a), adj. 1. Dignified; 
honorable; high: Me he wawae 
kuhaka la ka eaea. Syn: Hiehie, 
eaeakai. 2. Offensive, disagreeable. 
Same as ea. 

Eaea (e'a-e'a), n. An offensive odor; 
a foul smell; stench; stink: Ka 
eaea o ka iloli o ka mano o Koo- 

Eaea (e'a-e'a), v. 1. To be covered 
with dust; to be dusty: Eaea na 
kamalii o Lahainaluna i ka lepo. 
2. To make dim with or as with 
shade; to obscure the light, bright- 
ness, illumination, or luster of; to 
dim; to darken; to overshadow; 
to cloud; to shade: Ka lawaia nui 
i eaea na kuemaka i ehuehu na 

Eaeakai (e'a-e'a-ka'i), adj. Dignified; 
honorable. Same as eaea. 

Eaeakai (e'a-e'a-ka'i), n. 1. State of 
being weatherbeaten, as a person 
or thing long exposed to the sea 
air or salt spray. 2. Water or 
other liquid dispersed in particles, 
as by the wind or by force of im- 
pact; spray. 

Eaha (e-a'-ha), pron. [A compound 
form of the interrogative pronoun. 

aha with the introductory exple- 
tive e.] What? how? 

No good reason is assigned for its 
general use as a compound, and 
modern scholars prefer to treat 
this pronoun in all its relations as 
two separate words; as, e aha. 
In the same manner the compounds 
heaha and keaha, are written he 
aha and ke aha. In the expression, 
e aha ana, the pronoun, aha, is 
used elliptically for "what are you 
doing?" Without the ellipsis the 
same meaning is conveyed by the 
expression, e hana aha ana oe. 

Ebon! (e-b6'-ni), n. A hard, heavy 
wood, usually dark, and used for 
ornamental cabinetwork; ebony. 

Edena (e-de'-na), n. The garden that 
was the first home of Adam and 
Eve; Eden. 

Ee (e-e'), adj. Carressing; inviting; 
kind: He makamaka ee, a kind 

Ee (e'-e'), adj. Of, pertaining to or 
like down; covered with down; 

Ee (e'e), adj. 1. Of, pertaining to, 
or influenced by the tides; tidal: 
Kai ee, tidal wave, 2, Hard; stiff; 
dry. See maloo and kaee. 

Ee (e'-e'), adv. In a contrary man- 
ner; adversely; oppositely. Like 
the simple form, e, it is often com- 
pounded with the verb ku; as, 
kuee, to stand adversely; hence, 
to oppose. 

Ee (e'-e'), n, 1. The fine soft plum- 
age of birds under the contour- 
feathers, especially that under the 
wings, as of the oo (Moho nobilis) ; 
down. 2. The downy covering or 
first feathering of a bird; the 
floccus. 3. The cavity under the 
arm near the shoulder; the axilla 
or armpit. Syn: Poee and poaeae, 

Ee (e'e), n. Any extraordinary ocean 
wave, such as may be caused by a 
submarine earthquake or excep- 
tional winds; a tidal wave. See 

Ee (e'e), v. 1. To climb upon; to 
ascend and seat oneself upon; to 
mount. 2. To go on board, as a 
passenger; to embark; to board: 
Ee maluna o ka lio; ee maluna o 
ka waa. 

Eea (e-e'a), adj. Quick; ready; ex- 

Eea (e-e'a), v. To rise up frequently, 
after dipping or diving. 




Ece (e-e'e), v. 1. To rise up with a 
furtive look, like the actions of a 
thief. 2. Hence, to be mischievous. 

Eeelu (e'e-e'-lu), n. That portion of 
a tree that is cut off, leaving the 
stump standing in the ground; the 
top of a tree that is cut off and 
cast away. See eulu. 

Eehi (e-e'-hi), v. Same as hehi. 

Eehia (e'e-hi'a), adj. 1. Fearful; 
dreadful; awful. 2. Inspired by 
awe; solemn. 

Eehia (e'e-hi'a), n. Fear; dread; 
reference; awe. 

Eehia (e'e-hfa), v. To be overcome 
with fear and reverence; to be 
inspired by something sublime or 
fearful; to be stricken with awe. 

Eei (e-e'i), adj. Offensive; filthy; 
flyblown. Syn: Eeiehiehi, ekiki- 

Eeiehiehi (e-e'i-e'-hi-e'-hi), adj. Same 
as eei. 

Eeina (e'e-i'-na), v. To creak; to 
make a sharp cracking noise; to 
crepitate. See uina. 

Eeke (e-e'-ke), adj. Same as eke. 

Eeke (e-e'-ke), n. 1. A species of 
hard-shelled crab. See kuapa. 2. 
A withdrawing or starting back 
because of fear or horror; a re- 
coil. 3. A contraction of any ma- 
terial into less bulk or dimensions; 
a shrinkage. See mueeke. 

Eeke (e-e'-ke), v. 1. To draw back, 
as from something dreaded or dis- 
tasteful; to recoil, as in horror or 
disgust; to decline action from 
timidity or fear of consequences; 
to shrink. 2. To make a shrugging 
movement of fear, horror, pain, 
etc.; to wince; to flinch: "Eeke 
mai la ia i ka wela i ke ahi. 3. 
To become less or smaller by con- 
traction; to contract; to become 
reduced; to diminish. 

Eekeloi (e-e'-ke-16'i), v. To tap ,& 
drum monotonously or listlessly, 
especially with the fingers, usually 
accompanied by singing in a dron- 
ing fashion; to thrum. 

Eelokoa (e-e'-16-ko'a), n. A local 
name for a storm from the north- 
east of Waimea, Hawaii. 

Eena (e-e'-n^), adj. 1, Wild; un- 
tamed. 2. Wary; shy; timorous; 
not easily caught: Eena ka ia i 
ka upena. 

Eene (e-e'-ne), v. 1. To be in great 
fear concerning; to tremble for; 

Eene aku i ka mea aneane e hau- 
le. 2. To be astonished at or 
ashamed of. 

Eepa (o-e'-pa), n. Forgery; deceit; 
treachery. Syn: Epa. 

Eeu (e-e'u),adj. Quick In movement; 
alert; lively. 

Eewa (e-e'-wa), v. To make a wry 
face, as in derision; to pout sneer- 
ingly; to make a mouth; to pro- 
trude the lips mockingly. Syn: 

Eha (e-ha'), adj. Consisting of one 
more than three, or of twice two; 
four: a cardinal numeral. See aha 

Eha (e'-ha), adj. 1. Pained or dis- 
tressed in mind; hurt. 2. Painful; 
sorrowful; hurtful. 

Eha (e'-ha), n. 1. Injury, especially 
one causing physical or mental 
pain or distress, as a wound or 
bruise, or a slight or insult; a 
hurt. 2. Pain; sorrow; affliction, 

Eha (e'-ha), v. To be hurt; to be 
sore; to be painful; to suffer. 
Eha ka naau; the heart suffers. 

Ehaeha (e'-ha-e'-ha), adj. Causing 
grief or sorrow; creating afflic- 
tion; grievous; painful; sorrow- 
ful ; hurtful. 

Ehaeha (e'ha-e'-ha), adv. Grievous- 
ly; sorrowfully; painfully. 

Ehaeha (e'-ha-e'-hS,), n. Sorrow or 
mental distress; affliction; pain; 

Ehaeha (e'-h^-e'-ha), v. To cause to 
experience grief; to inflict sor- 
row upon; to hurt the feelings of; 
to grieve: used impersonally: Eha- 
eha au; it grieves me. 

Eha ha (e-ha'-ha), v. 1. To cause or 
permit to hang out and down, as 
the tongue; to loll. 2. To breathe 
hard or spasmodically; to draw 
short, labored breaths; to gasp; 
to pant: Ehaha ka ilio i ka wela; 
the dog pants from heat. See aha- 

Ehe (e'-he'), interj. [An exclamation 
calling attention to what is about 
to be said,] Listen! say! 

It is used in poetry at the end of 
€^ery line in a stanza, especially 
in meles or songs, to maintain the 
metrical structure of each line, 
Ehea (e-he'a), v. The imperative 
mood of the verb hea. to call. 
Properly written as two separate 
words, as, e hea, call (you). 




Eheehe (e'-he-e'-he), adj. Short and 
interrupted; worrying; wearing; 
hacking; said of a cough: He ku- 
nu eheehe, a hacking cough. 

Eheehe (e'-he-e'-he), n. A short dry 

Eheehe (e'-he-e'-he), v. To emit or 
be troubled with a short dry cough; 
to cough dryly; to hack. 

Eheheu (e'-he-he'u), n. Same as eheu. 

Ehehoopli (e'-he-ho'o-pi'i), n. Carved 
parallel undulating lines on an ie 
kuku or tapa beater. 

Ehena (e-he-na), v. Incorrect form of 

Eheu (e-he'u), adj. 1. Having wings, 
or something analogous to wings; 
winged: He holoholona eheu, a 
winged animal. 2. Soaring on or 
as on wings; hence, lofty; ele- 
vated: Na manao eheu, elevated 
thoughts. 3. Passing swiftly; wing- 
ed or rapid: Na hora eheu, the 
winged hours. 

Eheu (e-he'u), adv. In a manner as 
if on wings; wingedly. I 

Eheu (e-he'u), n. 1. The fore limb 
of a bird, bat or pterodactyl, adapt- 
ed for flight. 2. A wing: Na eheu 
o ka manu, the wings of the bird. 
3. That which is conceived as con- 
ferring power of swift motion or 
performing some function of 
wings: a metaphorical use: Mala- 
lo o ka malu o kou mau eheu, un- 
der the shelter of thy wings. 

Ehi (e'-hi), v. Incorrect form of hehi. 

Ehia (e-hi'a), adv. How much? how 

Ehia (e-hi'a), v. Incorrect form of 

Ehiehi (e'-hi-e'-hi), v. Incorrect form 
of ahiahi. 

Ehiku (e-hi'-ku), adj. Consisting of 
one more than six; seven: a cardi- 
nal numeral. See ahiku. 

Ehina (e-hi'-na), adj. Having the 
color of sand; yellowish-red; sandy, 
Umiumi ehina; sandy beard. See 

Ehipa (e-hi'-pa), adj. 1. Not straight; 
bent; crooked. 2. Not upright in 
conduct; tricky; dishonest or 
Ehipa (e-hi'-pa), n. 1. A bend or 
curve; something regarded as bent 
or crooked; a crook. 2. A profes- 
sional rogue; a swindler; a cheat 
or crook. 

Ehipa (e-hi'-pa), v. 1. To give a bent 
or curved form to; to cause to as- 
sume a bent or curved shape; to 
curve; to bend; to crook. 2. To be 
tricky; to be dishonest; to be 

Eho (e'-ho), n. 1. The stone god, 
Lonokaeho, often written Eho for 
brevity. 2. Any stone god; a stone 
idol. 3. A stone pillar set up as a 
memorial; a monument. 4. A pile 
of stones set up, usually in shallow 
water, to attract the fishes. See 
ahu. 5. The hot stones that are 
put inside of dressed animals in 
cooking. 6. A swelling, usually 
on an internal surface of the body; 
an ulcer. 

Ehoeho (e'-h6-e'-h6), n. See eho, 3. 

Ehu (e'-hu), adj. 1 Having the color 
of sand; yellowish-red; sandy: 
Umiumi ehu, sandy beard. 2. Hav- 
ing or tinged with a red or reddish 
hue; flushed with red; florid; 

Ehu (e'-hu), n. 1. Water or other 
liquid dispersed in particles, as by 
the" wind or by force of impact ; 
spray. 2. Water in the form of 
vapor; steam. See mahu. 

Ehu (e'-hQ), v. See hoehu. 

Ehuahiahl (e'-hii-a'-hi-a'-hi). n. The 
evening twilight: said of one who 
has passed the meridian of life. 

Ehuawa (e'-hti-a'-wa), n. A species 
of plant (Cyperus laevigata) ; any 
rush-like herb growing in wet 
places, or on the banks of lakes, 
ponds, or sluggish streams; the 
sedge. See ahuawa. 

Ehuehu (e'-hii-e'-hu), adj. Full of 
fury; violent; furious. 

Ehuehu (e-hu-e'-hii), adv. With fury; 
violently; fiercely; furiously: ku 

Ehuehu (e'-hu-e'-hu), n. 1. The 
state of being furious; violence; 
f uriousness : , Ka ehuehu o ka 
makani, the furiousness of the 
wind. 2. Total or partial absence 
of light; obscurity; gloom; dark- 

Ehukai (e'-hii-kai), n. Atmosphere 
of the sea. 

Ehukakahiaka (e'-hii-ka'-ka'-hi-a'-ka), 
n. The dawn of the morning. Said 
of one in the prime of youth. 

Ei (e'i), adv. [A contraction of eia.] 
In or at this place; here: Ei ae, 




ke hele mai nei; here, he is com- 
ing. See eia. 

Eia (e'-ia), adv. Here; at or in this 
place: opposed to aia (there): Eia 
au la; here I am. 

Eia (e'i-a), n. This place; the pres- 
ent; here: Ka eia a me ka eia 
aku, the here and the hereafter. 

Einei (e'i-ne'i), adv. At or in thla 
place; here: Einei ka wai; here is 
the water. 

Einei (e'l-ne'I), interj. An exclama- 
tion calling attention to what is 
about to be said: I say! say! 
Einei! e hele kaua, I say! let us 
(two) go. See ea, 

Eiwa (e-i'-wa), adj. Consisting of one 
more than eight or of thrice three; 
nine: a cardinal numeral. See 

Eka (e'-ka), adj. 1. Of the nature of 
or containing filth; dirty; foul; 
filthy. 2. Constipated; costive. 

Eka (e-ka'), n. A minor bunch of ba- 
nanas, hanging like a row of fin- 
gers; a hand of bananas. 

Eka (e'-ka), n. 1. Anything that 
soils or makes foul; that which is 
foul or dirty; dirt; filth. 2. Con- 
stipation; costiveness. 3. The name 
of a sea breeze blowing over Kona. 
4. [Eng.] A measure of area, 
usually of land; an acre. 

Ekaeka (e'-ka-e'-ka), adj. Dirty; fil- 
thy. See eka. 

Ekaeka (e'-kS-e'-ka), n. Dirt; filth. 
See eka. 

Ekaha (e-ka'-ha), n. 1. Ferns of the 
genus Polypodium. Ekaha akole is 
the species (Polypodium lineare). 
2. A species of algae (Gelidium 

Ekahakaha (e-k^'-ha-ka'-ha), n. 1. A 
species of plant, the birdnest fern 
(Asplenium nidus). A very large 
genus of ferns having linear or ob- 
long indusia attached by one mar- 
gin; the spleenworts. 2. A species 
of algae (Gelidium filicinum). 
Same as ekaha. 

Ekalesia (e'-ka-le-si'a), n. 1. A body 
of Christians organized for worship 
and religious work; a church. 

Eke (e'-ke), adj. 1. Having good 
qualities in a high degree; eminent 
by reason of worth or value; ex- 
cellent: said of both persons and 
things. 2. Exactly fitted or ad- 
justed; accurate; nice. 

Eke (e'-ke), n. 1. A sack or pouch, 
usually of woven material, leather, 
or paper, used as a receptacle; a 
bag: Eke kala, money-bag (purse). 
2. A small bag or pouch attached 
to a garment; one of the pouches 
of a billiard-table; a pocket. 3. The 
bag or pouch that is attached to a 
bag-net; a net-bag. 

Ekeeke (e'-ke-e'-ke), adj. 1. Afflict- 
ed with or showing pain; distress- 
ed; pained: He nana ekeeke, a 
pained look. 2. See eke, adj. 

Ekeeke (e'-ke-e'-ke), n. 1. A piercing, 
stinging pain. 2. Dissatisfaction 
or vexation caused by the conduct 
or action of others; indignant dis- 
approval; dislike; displeasure. 

Ekeeke (e'-ke-e'-ke), v. 1. To be in 
pain; to be pained. 2. To afflict 
with mental suffering; to pain or 
grieve. 3. To remove or sweep up 
with or as with a brush; to brush 

Ekeekei (e'-ke-e-ke'i), v. See ekekei. 

Ekekei (e'-ke-ke'i), adj. Not long; 
short: aha ekekei, short string. 

Ekekei (e'-ke-ke'i), v. To become 

Ekekemu (e'-ke-ke'-mu). v. 1. To 
open or move the lips, as in speak- 
ing, but without sound. 2. To utter 
unintelligibly, incoherently, or with 
indistinct repetition; to murmur; 
to babble. 

Ekekeu (e'-ke-ke'u), n. Same as ekeu. 

Ekemu (e-ke'-mG), v. 1. To give out 
or send forth with audible sound, 
whether articulately or not; to 
utter. 2. To reply or respond to a 
question or person; to answer. 

Ekeu (e-ke'u), adj. Having and ex- 
pressing in speech or manner a 
high opinion of self and contempt 
for others; proud and disdainful; 
haughty. See haaheo. 

Ekeu (e-ke'u), n. The fore limb of a 
bird, bat, or pterodactyl, adapted 
for flight; a wing. Syn: Eheu and 

Eki (e-ki'), n. See elaueki. 

Ekikilau (e-ki'-ki-lau'), adj. See eei. 

Eko (e'-k6), adj. Of the nature of or 
containing filth; nasty; dirty; fil- 

Eko (e'-k6), n. Anything that soils 
or makes foul; that which is foul 
or dirty; nastiness; dirt; filth. 

Ekoeko (e'-k6-e'-k6), adj. Same as 




Ekoeko (e'-ko-e'-ko), n. Same as eko. 

Ekolu (e-ko'-lu), adj. Consisting of 
one more than two; three: a cardi- 
nal numeral. See akolu. 

Eku (e'-ku), n. Back projection of 
the manu ihu (bow piece) of a 
canoe upon which the kuapoi 
(weather board) rests. (Not on all 

Eku (e'-ku), v. To turn up the earth 
with the snout; to make holes by 
rooting; to root: Eku ka puaa i 
ka lepo; the hog roots the ground. 

Ekule (e-kii'-le), n. See akule. 

Elaa (e-la'a), adv. Together with; 
along with; likewise; thus; in like 
manner; as also; the same; alike; 
the same as; for instance. 

Elaahal (e'-la'a-ho'i), adv. See elaa. 

Elau (e'-lau), n. The top, as of a 
plant; the extreme point; the tip, 
as of the finger; the end. See 

Elaueki (e-la'u-e-ki'), n. A dagger- 
like weapon to be attached to the 
muzzle of a rifle; a bayonet. 

Elauiki (e'-lau-i-ki'), n. See elauki. 

Elauki (e'-la-u-kl'), n. The top or 
end of a ti leaf. 

Elauwaikl (e'-lau-wai-ki'), n. See 

Elawaiki (e'-la-wai-ki'), n. See elauki. 

Ele (e'-le), adj. See eleele. 

Eleao (e'-le'o), n. A small insect 
which infests vegetation; the plant- 
louse; the aphid. 

Elehei (e'-le-he'i), adj. See ekekei. 

Elehei (e'-le-he'i), n. The condition 
or quality of being short; short- 
ness: I ka elehei, i ka mumuku. 

Eleheu (e'-le-he'u), adj. 1. Angry; 
raging. 2. Mutilated; deprived of 
some essential part. 

Eleheu (e'-le-he'u), n. 1. Anger; 
rage. 2. The act of mutilating, or 
the condition of being mutilated; 
mutilation; in law, mayhem. 

Elelo (e-le-i'o), v. 1. To go after 
secretly. 2. To disappear quickly. 

Eleka (e-le'-ka), n. A very large deer; 
the elk. 

Eleku (e'-le-ku'), adj. 1. Easily 
broken; brittle: pohaku eleku. 2. 
Not beautiful or good-looking; un- 

Eleku (e'-le-ku'), n. Any rock, usual- 
ly of a slate color, that splits read- 
ily, especially when exposed to 

Eleku (e'-le-ku'), v. To fly to pieces; 
to break easily. See eleeleku. 

Elele (e-le'-le), n. 1. One sent with 
a message, oral or written, or on 
an errand of any kind; a messen- 
ger. 2. A bearer of official dis- 
patches; a delegate, especially, 
nowadays, the delegate of the Ter- 
ritory of Hawaii to the United 
States Congress. 3. A diplomatic 
representative; an ambassador. 

Elelo (e-le'-16), n. An organ of speech; 
the tongue. See alelo. 

Elelolua (e-le'-16-lii'a), adj. [Elelo, 
tongue, and lua, two.] Double- 
tongued; deceitful. 

Elelolua (e-le'-16-lii'a), n. A double- 
tongued, deceitful person; a double- 
dealer; a trickster. 

Eleele (e'-le-e'-le), adj. 1. Destitute 
of light, partially or entirely; black 
or approaching black; dark: he po 
eleele, a dark night. 2. Having a 
very dark skin; dark-colored; 
black. See uliuli, lipolipo. 

Eleele (e'-le-e'-le), adv. In a dark 
manner; obscurely; mysteriously; 

Eleele (e'-le-e'-le), n. 1. Total or 
partial absence of light; obscurity; 
darkness: ka eleele o ka po, the 
darkness of the night. 2. A black- 
skinned person, as a negro; a ne- 
gro: Na eleele o Aferika, the 
blacks of Africa. The more modern 
word is paele. 

Eleeleku (e'-le-e'-le-ku'), adj. 1. Easily 
broken; brittle: Pohaku eleeleku. 
See helelei. 2. Unsightly; not 
beautiful or good-looking. 

Eleeleku (e'-le-e'-le-ku'), v. To fly to 
pieces; to break easily. See eleku. 

Eleelepi (e'-le-e'-le-pi'), adj. 1. Agi- 
tated; turbulent, as waves affected 
by different winds. 2. Disorderly; 
tumultuous, as men of different 
minds: eleelepi ka waha o na ka- 

Elei (e-le-i'), adj. Blue-black; shiny- 
lack. 2. Sele-ct; choice. 

Elelu (e-le-lu'), n. The common 
cockroach — a name applied to sev- 
eral species of the Blattidae. 

Elemakule (e'-le-ma-ku'-le), adj. Ad- 
vanced in years; aged; old. Said 
of men. 

Elemakule (e'-le-ma'-ku'-le), n. A 
man advanced in years; an old 




Elemakule (e'-le-ma-ku'-le), v. To be 
or become old. Said of men. 

Elemihi (e'-le-mi'-hi), n. The com- 
mon black crab. 

Elemio (e'-le-mi'-o), adj. Growing 
small by degrees toward one end 
or in one direction; tapering. 

Elemio (e'-le-mi'-o), adv. In a taper- 
ing manner; taperingly. 

Elemio (e-le-mi'-o), v. To become 
gradually less in diameter toward 
one end; to grow small by degrees 
in one direction; to taper. 

Elepalo (e'-le-pa'i-6), n. A species of 
bird (Chasiempis sandwichensis) ; 
a flycatcher. 

Elepane (e'-le-pS.'-ne), n. 1. An ele- 
phant-seal; a sea-elephant. 2. The 

Elepi (e'-le-pi'), n. See elemihi. 

Eleu (e-le'u), adj. Nimble; active; 
quick; alert. • 

Eleua (e-le-u'a), n. The door at the 
weather-end of a native Hawaiian 
house. The door at the opposite 
end was named eleao. 

Eleuli (e'-le-u'-li), n. A tapa of a 
gray color, usually perfumed : Kapa 
eleuli o Puna. 

Eli (e'-li), V. 1. To break the soil; 
to break up, as for cultivation; to 
dig. 2. To form or make by ex- 
cavating or digging; to hollow out: 
E eM i ka lua a poopoo; dig the pit 
until it is deep. 

Elleli (e'-li-e'-li), v. [Elf, to dig.] 
To dig repeatedly. 

Elleli kapu, elleli noa, 
Amama, ua noa. 
Leie wale aku la ! 

Elielikaumai (e-lT-e-li-ka'u-mai), n. A 
solemn supplicatory expression 
used at the end of a prayer; an in- 
vocation for the favor of the gods. 

Elima (e-li'-ma), adj. Consisting of 
one more than four; five: a cardi- 
nal numeral. See alima. 

Elo (e'-16), adj. Saturated with water 
or moisture; wet and heavy; soak- 
ed; soggy: Pulu kahi kapa i ka ua, 
elo wale; a tapa is wet with rain, 
it is soaked through. 

Eloelo (e'-16-e'-16), adj. See elo. 

Eloelo (e'-16-e'-16), v. To be moist; to 
be wet: O Kaelo keia malama ke 
eloelo nei na huihui i ke kai. 

Elowale (e'-16-wa'-le), v. To be satu- 
rated; to be wet. Often written as 
two separate words. See elo and 

Elua (e-lu'a), adj. Consisting of one 
more than one, or of a unit taken 
once again; two; a cardinal nu- 
meral. See alua. 

Emanuela (e-ma'-nii-e'-la), n. God 
with us: a name given to the Mes- 
siah in prophecy, and to Jesus 
Christ in its fulfilment; Em- 
manuel; Immanuel. 

Emerala (e'-me-ra'-ia), n. A precious 
stone of a bright-green color; an 

Emi (e'-mi), n. In music, a flat; a 
character used on a natural degree 
of the staff to make it represent a 
pitch or half step lower; a tone a 
half step lower than a tone from 
which it is named. 

Emi (e'-mi), v. 1. To drop behind; 
to lose ground; to fall behind. 2. 
To cause to grow less or smaller; 
to diminish or reduce, as in size, 
number, rate, quantity, or value; to 
decrease. 3. To recede; to flow 
back; to subside; to ebb. 4. To 
lower in estimation or reputation; 
to debase or degrade; to sink. 5. 
To grow spiritless or languid; to 
lose vigor; to droop; to flag. 

Emiemi (e'-mi-e'-mi), adv. In a man- 
ner that is lagging behind; slowly; 

Emiemi (e'-mi-e'-mi), v. See emi. 

Emikua (e'-mi-kti'a), v. To go back- 

Emo (e'-m6), n. A waiting; a delay: 
Ua hiki mai me ka emo ole; he ar- 
rived with no delay. 

Emo (e'-m6), v. To be long, often 
used with the negative ole (not) : 
Ua emo ole oia; he was not long. 

Emoloa (e-mo-lo'-a), n. A species of 
grass (Eragrastis variabilis) with 
flattened spikelets. 

Emoole (e'-m6-5'-le), adj. Quick; 
prompt; expeditious; speedy. 

Emoole (e'-m6-6'-le), adv. Without 
delay; quickly; suddenly; expedi- 
tiously; soon. 

Emoole (e'-m6-6'-le), n. Despatch; 
promptness ; quickness ; sudden- 

Ena (e'-na), adj. 1. Red hot; raging, 
as fire. 2. Full of fury; angry; 

Ena (e'-na), v. To be in a rage; to 
flush with anger; to blush or be- 
come red, especially in the face. 

Enaena (e'-n^-e'-nS,), n. 1. A raging, 
furious heat. 2. A common shrub 




(Yraphalium luteo-album). It is 
from one-half to one and one-half 
feet high. 

Enaena (e'-na-e'-na), v. 1. To be hot; 
to burn, as a raging fire. 2. To be 
strongly offensive to the sense of 
smell: Enaena ka pilau o ka lio 

Ene (e'-ne), n. The beginning of a 
child's creeping. 

Ene (e'-ne), v. 1. To begin to creep: 
Ua ene ke keiki; the child has be- 
gun to creep. 2. To creep along; 
to get near an object: E'ne aku la 
au e pehi i ka pohaku. 

Enehe (e-ne'-he), v. Incorrect form 
of anehe. 

Enei (e-ne'i), adv. See anei. 

Enemi (e-ne'-mi), "• [Eng.] An 

Enene (e-ne-ne), v. 1. To begin to 
creep. See ene. 2. To enlarge; 
to expand; to dilate. 

Eno (e'-n6), adj. Wild. 

Enoeno (e'-n6-e'-n6), v. To be wild 
or excited. See maenoeno. 

Enuhe (e-nu'-he), n. 1. A large and 
striped worm that infests vegeta- 
tion. 2. The larva of an insect in 
the first stage of metamorphosis; a 
caterpillar. 3. A rapacious or ex- 
tortionate person. Syn: Anuhe, 
poko, peelua. 4. A species of trail- 
ing fern (Gleiepencia), called also 
uluhi and unuhe. 

Eo (e'o), adj. 1. Successful in achieve- 
ment, especially in competition; 
winning: ka pahu eo, the winning 
point. 2. Finished; complete; full: 
he puni eo, a full accomplishment. 

Eo (e'o), n. 1. That which is won; 
especially, money won in a wager 
or a game of chance; a winning: 
He eo nui, a large winning. 2. A 
calabash or other vessel brimful of 
food: He eo, he ipu ai piha. 

Eo (e-o'), n. A reply or response; an 
answer, as to a call. 

Eo (e-6'), V. To reply or respond, as 
to a call; to answer: Ua eo kakou 
i ke Akua; we have answered God. 

Eo (e'o), v. To be gained or suc- 
ceeded by; to be victorious, as in 
a contest or a game of chance; to 
be won: Eo ia'u ka hakoko; the 
wrestling is won by me. Eo au ia 
oe, I am won by you. 

Eoekala (e'-6'e-ka'-la), adv. [A com- 
traction of e ole e kala.] In time 

gone by; long ago: Eoekala wale 
kuu lohe ana. 

Eolani (e'o-la', adj. Tending to- 
ward heaven; skyward; heaven- 
ward: Ka laau eolani, the heaven- 
ward tree. 

Eono (e-o'-no), adj. Consisting of one 
or more than five; twice three; 
six: a cardinal numeral. Syn: 

Epa (e'-pa), adj. False; deceitful. 

Epa (e'-pa), n. 1. One who is false 
to his trust. 2. A falsehood; a 
fraud or artifice; a forgery. 3. One 
who speaks falsely to do harm to 
another. 4. An ancient Jewish 
dry measure; an ephah. 

Epa (e'-pa), v, 1. To be deceitful. 
2. To steal. 3. To backbite: Syn: 
E epa, e wahahee, e hoopunipuni, e 

Epaepa (e'-pa-e'-pa),v. See epa. 

Epoda (e-p6'-da), n. An ephod, a 
priestly vestment of linen, espe- 
cially that worn by the Jewish high 
priest over the tunic and outer gar- 

Eu (e'u), adj. 1. Inclined or given 
to mischief; of a prankish nature; 
mischievous. 2. Being or behav- 
ing like a rogue or knave; dis- 
honest; roguish. 

Eu (e'u), n. 1. The act of rising; 
ascent; elevation; rise: Ka eu o ka 
noe, the rising of the mist. 2. One 
who vexes or annoys; a prankish 
person; a mischievous person. 3. 
A tricky, deceitful person; a rogue; 
a knave. 4. A peculiar sensation 
of the skin; a creeping numbness: 
Kolo ka eu ma ka lae. 

Eu (e'u), V. 1. To rise, as. from sleep 
or rest; to get up: Eu ae oe, you 
get up. 2. To go higher; to as- 
cend: Ua eu ae mai ka haahaa a i 
ke kulana kiekie; he ascended 
from a low to a high position. 3. 
To cause to be raised; to raise up: 
Eu ae kou poo; raise up your head. 
4. To move by thrusting one part 
of the body forward upon a surface 
and drawing the other part after, 
as a worm; to crawl: Eu ka ilo, 
the maggots crawl. 5. To be in- 
clined to mischief; to be mischie- 
vous. 6. To be dishonest; to be 

Euanelio (e'u-a-ne-li'-o), adj. Concern- 
ing the truths taught in the New 




Euanello (e'u-a-ne-li'-o), n. [Gr.] 1. 
The gospel; the life and labors of 
Jesus Christ as described by the 
four Evangelists. 2. The system 
of salvation as revealed in the New 

Eueu (e'u-e'u), n. A stirring up; an 

Eueu (e'u-e'u), v. To rouse; to wake 
up; to stir up. 

Eulu (e-ti'-lii), n. 1. A branch cut 
off to be planted again; a cutting; 
a scion, 2. The top of a tree that 
is cut off. See eeelu. 

Eulu (e-ii'-lii), v. To cut or crop off, 
as the top and branches of a tree. 

Eunuha (e'u-nCl'-ha), n. [Gr.] An 
emasculated man; a eunuch. 

Eunuha (e'u-nii'-ha), v. To castrate; 
to emasculate. 

Euweke (e'U:we'-ke), v. 1. To cleave 
apart or split with or as with a 
wedge; hence, to rend; to wedge. 
2. To burst open; to break in 

Ewa (e'-wa), n. 1. A district west 
of Honolulu on the shore of Pearl 
Harbor. 2. (Mod.) A name for 
Eve, mentioned in the Biblical ac- 
count of the creation. 

Ewa (e'-wa), v. 1. To be crooked; 
to be twisted; to be bent out of 
shape. 2. To act unjustly. 

Ewaewa (e'-wa-e'-wa), adj. 1. Un- 
equal; irregular. 2. Showing or 

expressing anger: Maka ewaewa, 
eyes expressing anger. 

Ewaewa (e'-wa-e'-wa), adv. With 
partiality; unjustly. 

Ewaewa (e'-wS-e'-wS,), n. 1. Injus- 
tice. 2. A turning aside from right. 

Ewaewa (e'-wS-e'-wa'), v. 1. To mock. 
2. To act unjustly. 

Ewaewariki (e'-wa-e'-wS-i'-ki), n. 1. 
The imaginary voice of a spirit who 
died with her unborn infant: a lo- 
be oe i ka leo o ka ewaewaiki e 
hoonene ana. 2. A species of bird 
(Sterna fuliginosa) ; the sooty tern. 
Also known as ewaena. 

Ewa*i (e'-wai), n. A swelling under 
the armpit or groin; a bubo. See 

Ewalu (e-wa'-lCi), adj. Consisting of 
one more than seven, or twice 
four; eight: a cardinal numeral. 
See awalu. 

Ewe (e'-we), n. 1. The navel string. 
2. The white of an egg. 3. The 
abdominal aorta. 4. The place of 
one's birth as well as one's an- 

Ewe (e'-we), v. To grow again after 
being cut off; to sprout: ua ewe 
ka ai. 

Ewewe (e-we'-we), n. The love, af- 
fection, or fond remembrance for 
one's place of birth and of early 
childhood: O ke aloha mai ia 
oukou me ke ewewe o ka noho pu 


H, The third letter of the Hawaiian 
alphabet. It is frequently euphon- 
ic, particularly between the verb 
and the passive termination ia; as., 
maluhia instead of maluia. In this 
case it is sometimes changed to 1; 
as kaulia for kauia. 

Ha, (ha), adj. The ordinal of four, 
fourth. It is distinguished by the 
article ka: ka ha, the fourth. 

Ha (ha), n. 1. Air exhaled through 
the mouth. 2. A breathing out 
through the mouth. 3. In music, 
name of the fourth note from the 
key. 4. The footstalk which sup- 
ports the leaf and enfolds the stem 
of certain plants, such as the taro, 
sugar-cane, coconut, banana, etc. 5. 
A trough for any liquid to run 
through; a water pipe; in modern 
times, a lead or iron pipe through 

which water flows. Syn: Hawai. 
6. A species of the ohia tree, also 
the timber of the tree, also called 
ohiaha. 7. Euphonistic word ut- 
tered in monotone in recitations, 
chanting, prayers, etc. It is used in 
the middle or at the end of a line, 
as: he ana ha nui keia no ke au- 
hee la. 

Ha (ha). A particle implying acqui- 
escence or assent by not objecting. 
It is never used alone but requires 
some antecedent word or phrase 
to complete the sense, as: oia hoi 
ha, so it is, or let it be so. The 
word also conveys suggestion, in- 
timation, hint, etc., as, "E hele hoi 
ha wau," shall I go. 

Ha (ha), prefix. Ha is often pre- 
fixed to the original root of a word, 
or inserted when it takes the cau- 




sative hoo; as: inu, to drink; hoo- 
hainu, to give drink; like, to be 
like; ; hoohalike, to compare or 
cause to resemble. It also expresses 
a degree of variation of color, as: 
uli, dark or blue color; hauli, blu- 
ish, somewhat blue. 

Ha (ha'), suffix. Ha alone has no 
meaning. In the phrase oihoiha, 
it signifies a willingness to com- 
plete some mutually understood 
act, as "We'll go for it." 

Ha (ha),v. 1. To breathe out through 
the mouth; to expire; to exhale 
gently. 2. To breathe upon: ha 
ke Akua i ka lewa, God breathed 
into the open space. — Mele of Ke- 

Haa (ha-a'), n. 1. A tree (Antidesma 
platyphyllum) native chiefly of Ma- 
laysia and extending into Polyne- 
sia, growing from 20 to 30 feet high, 
called also hame and mehame. It 
furnishes a dye of a gray color. 2. 
The dye produced from the haa. 

Haa (ha'a), n. 1. A dance; a danc- 
ing. 2. A dwarf; man or animal 
below ordinary height. 

Haa (ha'a), prefix. Is used in some 
words for the causative prefix in- 
stead of hoo as in haakohi. It is 
oftener found in the Tahitian dia- 

Haa (ha'a), v. To dance by bending 
the knees, as in certain dances. 

Haaa (ha'-a'a), adj. (Written also 
haee.) Friendly; kind; hospitable. 

Haaa (ha'-a'a), v. (Written also 
haee.) 1. T acknowledge one as 
a friend though a stranger. 2. To 
treat with hospitality. 3. To ex- 
hibit affection for; to love. 

Haae (ha'-a'e), n. 1. Saliva or spit- 
tle, especially the saliva wlien 
worked up in the mouth into foam ; 
hence, 2. An intoxicating beer 
made of the sugar-cane when fer- 
mented and foaming. 

Haae (ha'-a'e), v. 1. To drizzle; to 
drip, 2. To slobber at the mouth; 
to drool. 

Haa haa (ha'a-ha'a), adj. 1. Not high; 
of low station; humble; unpreten- 
tious. 2. Depressed. 

Haahaa (ha'a-ha'a), adv. Meekly. 

Haahaa (ha'a-ha'a), v. 1. To be low; 
humble. 2. To live quietly: e no- 
ho malie. 

Haaheo (ha'a-he'o), adj. Proud; lofty; 
haughty; magnificent; applied 
mostly to persons. 

Haaheo (ha'a-he'o), n. Pride; haughti- 
ness: He haaheo, he mea anei la 
e pono nona iho? Haughtiness, is 
that a thing to benefit himself? 
See heo. 

Haaheo (ha'a-he'o), v. To strut, to 
exhibit pride in dress or movement. 

Haaikaika (ha'a-i-ka'i-ka), v. To 
mock by making wry faces. 2. To 
revile; to abuse with scurrilous 

Haakea (ha'a-ke'a), adj. Of light or 
whitish color. 

Haakea (ha'a-ke'a), n. 1. Fruit of 
the akia tree. 2. A species of taro 
distinguished by the white stem 
of the plant. 3. Something nearly 

Haakel (ha'a-ke'i), adj. 1. Proud; 
fond of show for vain display, as in 
assuming the dress and character 
of another. 2. Scoffing; scorning. 

Haakei' (ha'a-ke'i), n. 1. Haughti- 
ness. 2. A proud person; a scof- 
fer; O ka haaheo, he mea paha ia 
e make ai ka poe haakei: Pride, 
that is a thing perhaps to kill the 

Haakei (ha'a-ke'i), v. [Haa, causa- 
tive, and kei, to boast.] To be 
proud; to be vainglorious; to be 
puffed up. 

Haakeikei (ha'a-ke'i-ke'i), v. [Kei, to 
boast, and haakei, to be proud.] 1. 
To vaunt in pride. 2. To be inso- 

Haakeke (ha'a-ke-ke'), Vv 1. To quar- 
rel; to strive without using phys- 
ical force. 2. To cause wordy con- 
tention. 3. To scold. 

Haakoae (ha'a-ko-a'e), n. 1. Places 
in the cliffs where the koae or 
tropic birds make their nests. Cliffs 
which no man can climb. 

Haakohi (ha'a-ko'-hi), n. Travail; la- 
bor pains. 

Haakohi (ha'a-ko'-hi), v. To travail 
in child-birth; to suffer labor pains. 

Haakoi (ha'a-ko'i), n. A bragging; 
a boasting. 

Haakoi (ha'a-ko'i), n. 1. Fruitless 
labor. 2. The practice of onanism. 

Haakoi (ha'a-ko'i), v. 1. To force; 
to urge. 2. To have licentious 

Haakoikoi (ha'a-ko'i-ko'i), v. To prac- 
tice venery. 




Haakokohi (ha'a-k6-k5'-hi), adj. Suf- 
fering from severe labor pains. 
Haakokohi (ha'a-ko'-ko'-hi), n. Labor 

Haakokohi (ha'a-ko'-ko-hi), v. To be 
in travail; to suffer labor pains. 

H aa kookoo wa I e ( ha'a-ko*o-ko'o-wa'-le ) , 
n. A wrestling; a striving in the 
exercise of wrestling. Syn: Ha- 
HaakualikI (ha'a-ku'-a-li'-ki), n. Title 
of an officer who preceded the 
train of a high chief to rehearse 
his rank and to tell the object of 
his approach. 

Haakue (ha'a-ku'-e), n. Title of the 
servant who waved the kahili over 
a reclining chief if the chief and 
the servant were of the same sex; 
otherwise the kahili holder, if a 
woman, was called haakoni; if a 
man his title was haakua. 

Haale (ha-a'-le), v. [Ale, a swell of 
water]. 1. To be completely full, 
ready to overflow. 2. To rise as 
water rises. 

Haalele (ha'a-le'-le), v. [Haa and lele, 
to fly.] 1. To quit; to desert; to 
forsake; to give up. 2. To leave 
unfinished. 3. To reject; to cast, 

Haaielea (ha'a-le-le'a), n. 1. In an- 
cient times the man sacrificed on 
cutting down the ohia tree to make 
idols. 2. A discarding, a casting off 
as useless. 

Haaielea (ha'a-le-le'-a), v. [Contrac- 
tion of haaleleia, passive form of 
haalele]. See haalele, to forsake. 

Haall (ha-a'-li), n. The gills of a 

Haaliali (ha'-a'-li-a'-li), n. 1. The 
gills of a fish. Syn: Haali. 2. End 
of the penis. 

Haalii (ha'a-li'i), v. To spread out; 
to spread down, as a mat, tapa, 
paper, etc. (Written also halii.) 

Haalii, v. (Obsolete.) See haliilii j 
or halii. ! 

Haalili (ha'a-li'-li), v. Same as hoo-j 
lili, to undulate. I 

Haalilo (ha'a-li'-lo), n. An indistinct i 
undertone, like the soughing of the! 
wind; prolonged murmur, as thej 
hum of insects: I 

Kani haalilo a ke kua mauna, ' 

Me ka nu a ka hlnihlni (a forest shell) . | 

Haalou (ha'a-lo'u), v. [Haa and lou,i 
to bend in sorrow.] 1. To mourn; | 
to weep in affliction or grief. 2. 

To sigh. 3. To bend downward, aa 
the bough of a tree. 

Haaloulou (ha'a-lo'u-lo'u), adj. Cast 
down in mind; dejected; sad. 

Haaloulou (ha'a-lo'u-lo'u), n. [Re- 
duplication of haalou.] To feel 
grief; to mourn. 

Haalulu (ha'a-lu'-lu), n. 1. A trem- 
bling; a trepidation. 2. A shaking, 
as the earth in an earthquake. 

Haalulu (ha'a-lu'-lu), v. 1. To trem- 
ble; to totter; to shake; to quake. 
2. To be in a state of trepidation, 
fear, confusion, etc. 

Haama (ha-a'-ma), v. 1. To begin to 
ripen, as oranges, but not to get 
soft. 2. To be fit to offer to the 
gods. 3. To mature, applied to 

Haano (ha-a'-no), v. 1. To boast. 2. 
To exalt; to extol. See hoano. 

Haanou (ha'a-no'u), adj. Boasting: 
olelo haanou, boasting language. 

Haa'nou (ha'a-no'u), n. Boasting 
language; olelo haanou. 

Haanou (ha'a-no'u), v. To be puffed 
up with flattery. To be inflated 
with pride. Syn: Akena. 

Haanul (ha'a-nui), n. 1. The boast- 
ing of something received or favor 
obtained. 2. A boaster; one who 

Haanul (ha'a-nui), v. To boast; to 
speak in bombastic language. Syn: 
Akena and haanoi. 

Haao (ha'-ao), adj. Driving in groups 
as rain with wind; word applied to 
the rains of Auaulele: ua haao. 

Kuu haku 1 ka ua haao — e — 

My lord In the driving rain. 

Ke lele la ka ua mauka, o Auaulele ; 

The ralii flies quickly o'er the upland of 

Lele ka ua. lele pu no me ka makani. 
The rain flies.— flies with the wind. 

Haao (ha'-ao), n. 1. The separate 
sections or subdivisions in the pro- 
cession following a high chief. 2. 
A rain peculiar to Auaulelo in Kau, 
Hawaii, so named because the 
showers follow one another like the 
haao or subdivisions in the retinue 
of a chief. 3. A certain pattern 
carved on an ie kuku or tapa beat- 
er. Syn: Halua. 

Haapu (ha-a'-pu), adj. Ambitious; 
much desired: na hana naauao 
haapu, the strongly desired labors 
of learning. See haupu. 

Haapu (ha'a-pu), n. Same as haupu. 

Haapu (ha-a'-pu), v. To yearn for. 



Haapuka (ha'a-pu'-ka), v. [Haa and 
puka, to cheat,] To wrongfully 
gather up; to scrape together the 
good and the bad, anything and 
everything for property, as after a 
game is played to assume that one 
has won, and gather in the stakes. 

Haapuku (ha'a-pu'-ku), v. To be- 
come suddenly disturbed or anx- 
ious concerning the welfare of 
one's friends: pilikia iho la oloko, 
haapuku mai la ka manao ana. 

Haawa (ha-a'-wa), n. (Written also 
hoawa.) Name given to trees of 
the genus Pittosporum. Also known 
as papaahekilie. 

Haawe (ha'-a-we), n. 1. A burden. 
2. A pack carried on the back. 

Haawe (ha'-a'-we), v. To carry on 
the back; to put upon the back or 
shoulders for carrying. Syn: Waha. 
See awe and lawe. 

Haaweawe (ha'-a'-we-a'-we), adj. Mov- 
ing, not stationary, 

Haaweawe (ha'-a'-we-a'-we), n. 1. 
Volunte-er potatoes; potatoes grown 
from those left when the crop was 
dug: ka haupuupu, ka okupu. 2. 
Any aftergrowth from roots of 
plants. 3. Name applied to certain 
sharp abdominal pains. 

Haawi (ha'-a'-wi), v. 1. To give;, to 
grant; to make over to another. 2. 
To proffer; to make an offer; to 

Haawina (ha'-a-wi'-na), n. [Haawi, to 
give, etc., and ana, a participle ter- 
mination,] 1 A giving; a giving 
out; hence: 2. A portion; a 
part assigned to one. 3. In school, 
a lesson appointed to be learned. 4. 
A gift; a present. Syn: Makana. 
5. A gift; a talent. 

Hadasa (ha'-da'-sa), n. [Heb.] The 
myrtle tree. Isa. 41:19. Lala ha- 
dasa, myrtle branche-s. 

Hae (ha'e), adj. Wild; tearing; 
furious; ferocious; cross; he ilio 
hihiu hae, a ferocious wild dog; 
applied only to animals. 

Hae (ha'e), adv. Yearning; longing: 
hae ke aloha. 

Hae (ha'e), n, 1, Something torn, as 
a piece of tapa or cloth. See hae- 
hae. The Hawaiian signals were 
formerly made of torn tapa ; hence, 
in modern times: 2. A flag; en- 
sign; banner; colors, etc.: ke kia, 
ame ka pea, ame ka hae, the masts, 
the sail, and the flag. Syn: Lepa. 

3. The growling or snarling of a 
cross dog. 

Hae (ha'e), v. 1. To bark, as a dog. 
2. Same as haehae, to tear. 

Haehae (ha'e-ha'e), n. 1, Strong af- 
fection. 2. Any strong or earnest de- 
sire, as hunger, thirst, etc, 3, Name 
of a cape or promontory in Puna 
often used in native meles or songs. 

4. The two enclosures in front of 
Lono's temple. 

Haehae (ha'e-ha'e), v. To tear, as 
cloth or a garment. (Used with 
aahu.) 2. To tear in pieces, as a 
savage beast does a person. To 
rend, as a garment, through grief 
or indignation. 3. To rend, as the 
mountains in a hurricane. 4. To 
be moved with compassion; to sym- 
pathize. Haehae na maka, haehae 
ke aloha. 

Haehaeia (ha'e-ha'e-i'a), adj. Tom; 
injured; rent. 

Haehaeia (ha'e-ha'e-i'a), v. [Passive 
form of haehae.] To be rent; to 
be torn to pieces. 

Haehu (ha-e'-hu), v. To grow thrift- 
ily and large, applied to plant life. 

Haei (ha'-ei), v. (Obsolete.) To look; 
to pe-ep; to look slyly. Mod. Syn: 
Kiel and halo. 

Haekalkai (hae-ka'i-kai), v. (Obso- 
lete.) To mock. See haikaikai. 

Haele (ha'-e-le), v. To go or come 
Used only with mai or aku: haele 
mai, to come; haele aku, to go. Syn. 
with hele, but requires a dual or 
plural subject. 

Haha (ha'-ha), n. 1. Pride; haughti- 
ness; arrogance; contempt of oth- 
ers. 2. A wooden net or trap made 
of twigs and small branches and 
used for catching fresh water fish. 

Haha (ha'-ha'), n. 1. The inside of 
taro tops used for food; the whole 
top is called huli. See ha. 2. A 
small tree (Cleromontia gaudichau- 
dii) found on west Maui, also along 
the Kula pipe line. On Kauai it Is 
known as apeape, and on Oahu as 
ohawai. Also called hahaaiakama- 
nu. The thick milk sap is used as 
bird-lime by the natives. 3. Bana- 
na (Musa sp.). 

Haha (ha'-ha'), v. 1. To breathe 
hard ; to pant for breath, as in great 
haste. See ha. 2. To feel of; to 
move the hand over a thing. 3. To 
grope as a blind person; to feel, as 
if searching for something. 




Hahae (ha'-ha'e), v. 1. To rend; to 
tear, as a garment. 2. To separate 
into parts. 3. To split lengthwise, 
as the pandanus leaf. 

Hahahana (ha'-ha-ha'-na), v. [Re- 
duplication of the verb hana.] To 
do; to perform. See the root 

Ha ha hi (ha'-ha'-hi), v. To tread upon. 
Syn: Hehi. 

Hahal (ha'-ha'i), n. A breaking; a 
disjoining; a separating. 

Hahai (hS,'-ha'i), n. A swelling in the 
groin; a bubo. Also called auwai- 
ahiki and auakoi. 

Hahal (ha'-ha'i), v. 1. To follow; to 
pursue; to chase. 2. To follow 
one's example: Ua hahai nui na ka- 
naka a pau mamuli o na 'lii e noho 
ai ; all men generally followed after 
the chiefs for the time being. 

Hahai (ha'-ha'i), v. 1. To tell; to 
talk about: e hahai ana no lakou i 
na moeuhane; they were telling 
their dreams. — Laieik. p. 143. 2. To 
report; to relate the particulars of. 

Hahaku (ha'-ha'-ku), v. 1. To tie to- 
gether in a bunch. See haku, to 
tie together. 2. To fold up; to put 
in order. 

Hahale (ha'-ha'-le), v. [Shortened 
from halehale.] 1. To be flaten- 
ed; to be sunken. Syn: Opaha. 2. 
To be hungry.. 

Hahalu (ha-ha'-lu), adj. 1. Rotten or 
defective inside; applied to wood, 
taro, potatoes, etc. 2. Empty; void; 
hungry: ua hahalu, ua pololi ka 

Hahalu (ha'-ha'-lu), n. 1. Empti- 
ness; ihe state of being empty. 2. 
Sensation of hunger. 

Hahalu (ha-ha'-lu), v. 1. To be in- 
ternally defective, as worm-eaten 
or rotten wood. 2. Hungry. See 
the root, halu. 

Hahalua (ha'-ha'-lu-a), n. 1. The 
spotted sting ray, a fish which 
women were forbidden to eat under 
penalty of death. Also known as 
hihimanu, ihimanu and lupe. 2. A 
tree (Cyane^ leptostegia) which 
often reaches a height of 40 feet. 
It possesses a single erect trunk. 
The tree is peculiar to the island 
of Kauai. 

Hahana (ha-ha'-na), adj. Very warm, 
as the heat of the sun, the weather, 
.or the effect of labor. 

Hahana (ha-ha'-na), n. 1. Extraordi- 
nary heat. 2. Great effort; a put- 
ting forth of great strength or 

Hahana (ha-h^'-na), v. 1. To be ex- 
ceedingly warm; to be overheated. 
2. To make impetuous effort, as in 
contest or emulation. 

Hahano (ha'-ha'-no), v. To administer 
an enema; to give an injection. 

Hahao (ha'-ha'o), v. To put in; to 
place within. 2. To throw in. 

Hahapaakai (ha'-h§,'-pa*a-ka'i), n. A 
salt bed; a place where salt is pro- 
duced by evaporation of the sun. 

Hahau (ha'-ha'u), adj. Pertaining to 
punishment, as: laau hahau. 

Hahau (ha-hS'u), n. 1. That which is 
put or laid upon as a burden, or 
punishment; stripes; a streak or 
welt caused by flogging. 

Hahau (ha'-ha'u), v. 1. To whip; to 
strike with anything: hahau ai, to 
thresh, as grain. See haua. 2, To 
scourge; to chasten: hahauia kona 
kua i ke kaula e ka haole; his back 
was whipped with a rope by a for- 
eigner. 3. To inflict; to smite. 

Hahaua (ha'-ha-u'-a), v. [Contraction 
of hahauia, passive of hahau.] 
Scourged; beaten; punished; whip- 

Hahauhui (ha-ha'u-hu'i), n. A re- 
ligious ceremony in the pule hoo- 
piopio. Syn: Uhauhui. See auhau- 

Hahei (h§.'-he'i), adj. Fat; plump; 

full, as the flesh on a healthy 

shoulder. Syn: Hehei. 
Hahei (ha'-he'i), v. To be striped 

over the shoulders, applied only to 

animals: he puaa hahei; a hog 

striped over the shoulders. 
Haheo (ha'-he'o), adj. 1. Proud; 

proud of dress or anything gaudy. 

2. Haughty manner. 
Haheo (ha'-heo), v. To be proud, 

especially of dress or equipage; 

to put on airs of superiority. See 

heo and haaheo. 
Hahi (h^'-hi), n. 1. A treading 

upon; a trampling down. 2. An 

Hahl (h§,'-hi), v. To tread upon; to 

trample down; to tread out, as 

grain. To stamp with the feet. 

To tread or trample upon. See 

ehi and hehi. 




Hahihahi (ha'-hi-ha'-hi), v. [Freq. 
of hahi.] To tread or trample 
upon frequently. 

Hahili (ha'-hi'-li), n. A species of 
toad-fish. Also called nohu. 

Haho (ha'-ho), v. 1. To become 
poor in flesh. 2. To fail; to want 
strength; e wiwi iho ma ke kino. 

Hahu (ha'-hu), n. The bowels in a 
purged state. 

Hahualo (ha'-hu-a'-lo), n. The short 
fins of a fish next to the hiu 
(caudal fin). 

Hai (ha'i), n. 1. A break; a frac- 
ture; a broken place. Syn: Haina. 
2. A joint of a limb: ka hai a 
maawe, the* elbow joint. 3. [Con- 
traction of Hainakolo.] The god- 
dess of tapa makers and bird 
catchers. 4. Distinguished fight- 
ers slain in battle. 5. The sacri- 
fice place upon the lele or altar. 

Hai (ha'i), pron. 1. Another; an- 
other person: no liai, for another; 
ia hai, to another: Hookahi no 
makamaka, o oe no, aole o hai; 
one only friend, thou art he, there 
is no other. 

Hai (hai), v. To hire; to engage 
for compensation. 

Hai (ha'i), v. 1. To place upon the 
altar, as in worship; to place upon 
the lele (altar) as a sacrifice to 
a god. 2. To be broken; to be 
not entire; to be in pieces. 3. To 
narrate; to tell; to inform; to 
recite. 4. To confess. 5. To be 
vain; proud. (See hoohai.) 6. 
To act lasciviously. 

Haia (ha'i-a), n. 1. A class of de- 
pendents, retainers or servants. 
2. An assemblage; a number, es- 
pecially of persons. 3, It is used 
as a prefix to other words. 

Haiai (ha'i-a'i), v. [Hai, to sacri- 
fice, and ai, edible fruit.] 1. To 
sacrifice that the earth may bring 
forth food. 2. To tie food in 

Haiamu (h^'i-a'-mu'), adj. 1. Beau- 
tiful, as applied to a landscape; 
verdant. 2. Weird; still; wild and 

Haiamu (ha'i-a'-mu'), v. [Hai, to 
sacrifice, and amu, contraction of 
Kuamu, the goddess of plants.] 
To sacrifice to Kuamu. 

Haiano (ha'i-a'-no), n. [Hai, to de- 
clare, and ano, the meaning or 
quality.] An adjective. 

Haiao (ha'i-a'o), n. [Mod. Hai, to 
declare, and ao, to awake.] 1. A 
sermon; a public declaration of 
religious truth. 2. A discourse. 

Haiao (ha'i-a'o), n. [Hai, sacrifice, 
and ao, day.] A sacrifice offered 
in the daytime as distinguished 
from haipo, a night sacrifice. 

Haiawahine (ha'i-a'-wa'-hi'-ne), n. 
[Haia, a company, and wahine, 
woman.] 1. An assemblage of the 
wives of one* man exclusive of the 
favorite one. 2. A wife of secon- 
dary quality; not a favorite wife. 
3. A concubine; a mistress. 4. A 
company of women retained by a 
queen or princess. 

Haiawahine (ha'i-a'-wa'-hi'-ne), v. To 
be a concubine. 

Haiea (ha'i-e'a), n. A species of 
fish; the blue aawa. See aawa. 

Haihai (ha'i-ha'i), adj. 1. Brittle; 
easily broken. 2. Proud; vain. 

Haihai (ha'i-ha'i), n. [Freq. of hai.] 

1. A broken place. 2. A breach or 
breaking of a law. 3. A state of 
brittleness; liability to break. 

Haihai (ha'i-ha'i), v. [Hai, to 
break.] 1. To break; to break in 
pieces. To break off, as the 
branch of a tree. To crush, 
as a flower (Laieik, p. 142); to 
break up. 2. To break, as a law 
or command. 3. To separate the 
flesh from the bones of a dead 
person; ua haihai 'O Kamehameha, 
alalia hoi mai o Liholiho mai Ka- 
waihae mai. 4. To dissect. 5. 
To speak in a haughty manner; 
to strut; to be proud. Syn: 
Hoohaihai. 6. To carry one's self 
in such a manner as to attract the 
attention of one of the . opposite 
sex. Syn: Hoohai. 7. To consult 
or chat together. (When haihai 
has this meaning it must be fol- 
lowed by olele to complete the 
sense, as: haihai-olele, to consult 
or talk together.) 

Haihai (ha'i-ha'i), v. 1. To follow 
earnestly or swiftly. 2. To run a 

Haihaia (ha'i-ha'i-a'), adj. 1. Wicked. 

2. Profane. 3. Sensual. 
Haihaia (ha'i-ha'i-a'), 'n. Senauality. 
Haihaia (ha'i-ha'i-a), v. To court 

the favor of the gods, or perhaps 
to use various arts, as by getting 
herbs, medicines and offerings to 
prevent the gods from hearing 
another's prayers. 




Haihana (ha'i-ha'-na), v. [Hal, to 
declare, and hana, to do.] To de- 
clare something done; to an- 
nounce completion. 

Haiinoa (ha'i-i-no'a), n. [Hal, to de- 
clare, and inoa, name.] A noun. 

Haikaika (ha'i-ka'i-ka), adj. Sneer- 
ing; expressing anger. 

Haikaika (ha'i-ka'i-ka), n. A sneer.' 

Haikaika (ha'i-ka'i-ka), v. 1. To 
mimic; to mock by . making wry 
faces at. 2. To speak contempt- 
uously to. 

Haikala. (ha'i-ka'-la), n. A fatal 
disease which was accompanied 
by cramps. The medicine used 
for this was waiiki (composed of 
the core of a green calabash and 
the sap of the kukui tree). 

Haikalamuku (ha'i-ka'-la-mu'-ku), n. 
A disease as fatal as haikala and 
for which the same medicine was 

Haiki (ha'-i-ki), adj. [Ha, a trough 
for water to run through, and iki, 
small.] 1. Narrow. 2. Pinched; 
scanty. 3. Suffering for want of 

Haiki (haM-ki), v. 1. To be in 
want. 2. To feel desolate; be- 
reaved. 3. To be disappointed. 

Haikiaka (ha'i-ki-a'-ka), v. Incorrect 
form of haikaika, to mock. 

Hailawe (ha'i-la'-we), v. To ex- 
change, as in barter; to give one 
piece of property for another. 

Hailea (ha'i-le'a), adj. Skilled; 

Hailea (ha'i-le'a), adv. Skillfully.- 

Hailea (ha'i-le'a), n. 1. Skill; in- 
genuity; familiar knowledge of a 
thing with ability to apply that 
knowledge in a practical way. 2. 
One skilled in the application of 
knowledge to practical purposes. 
Syn: Loea. 

Hailepo (ha'i-le'-po), n. 1. Chronic 
looseness of the bowels. 2. Any 
illness that makes one look wan 
and pale. 3. A marine animal of 
the order Delphinus; the dolphin. 
Also known as ihimanu, hihiwai, 
hihimanu and hahalua. 

Hailepo (hai'le'-po), v. 1. To be 
sick with the disease called hai- 
lepo. 2. To be ill with any sick- 
ness that makes one look wan 
and pale. 

Haili (ha-i-li), n. 1. An indistinct 
recollection; vague impression 
made upon the mind by some 

event or spoken word; a percep- 
tion of something not real. 2. 
Earnest desire. 3. Spirit; ghost. 
4. The impression of something 
fondly remembered: halialia wale 
mai no ke aloha, hoanoano wale 
mai no me he haili la e kau iho 
ana maluna, love brought the fond 
remembrance, it brought solemnity 
as if a spirit rested on him; lele 
ke aka o ka manao, leleiaka i ka 
lani; lele ae la ka haili o ka ia 
nui iluna. 

Haili (ha'-Mi), n. Name of a cele- 
brated heiau or temple in Hilo. 

Haili (ha'-i'-li), v. To be put in 
mind of something suddenly; to 
be startled, pleasantly or other- 

Hailla (ha'i-li'-a), v. [Haili, to be 
startled; to be frightened.] To 
start suddenly from fear. 

Hailiaka (ha'-i-li-a'-ka), n. (Haili, 
ghost, and aka, shadow.] 1. A 
ghost; a spirit. 2. Fear of a 
shadow or the spirit of one de- 

Haili ill (ha'i'-li-i'-li), n. Cursing; 
profane language: he hoino. 

Hailiili (ha' i-li-i'-li), v. [Ha, con- 
traction for hai, to say and iliili, 
to collect or assemble.] 1. To 
revile the gods; to swear pro- 
fanely; to curse. 2. To speak dis- 
re-spectfully of one. 3. To re- 
proach; to blackguard; to revile. 

Hailili (ha'i-li'-li), n. Grief; mental 
distress caused by disaster or mis- 

Hailili (ha'i-li'-li), v. To grieve over 
the death of a loved one: ua 
make, hailili e. 

Hailima (ha'i-li'-ma), n. 1. The el- 
bow. 2. In measuring the dis- 
tance from the elbow to the end 
of the fingers; half a yard or a 

Hailoaa (ha'i-16-a'a), n. [Hai, to tell 
and loaa, to obtain.] 1. Answer to 
a proble^m; a declaration of what 
one has found out. 2. The name 
of a little book called a key to an 
algebra. 3. A key or clue to in- 
tricate propositions. 

Hailona (ha'i-lo'-na), n. 1. A mark 
sign or signal character represent- 
ing a thing, as a letter represent- 
ing a sound; an arithmetical sign, 
etc. 2. A lot in casting lots. 3. 
Whatever is used in casting lots. 




Hallona (ha'i-lo'-na), v. 1. To cast 
or draw lots. To distribute by lot. 
2, To certify by actions that some- 
thing will be done. 3. To make a 
signal for some purpose. 4. In 
modern times, to throw dice. See 

Hailono (ha*i-lo'-no), v. [Hai, to tell, 
and lono, the news.] To tell the 
news; to spread a report: aohe a 
hailono iki: none at all (escaped) 
to tell the news. 

Hailuku (ha'i-lu'-ku), n. A stoning to 
death; killing one by stoning. 

Hailuku (ha'i-lu'-ku), v. [Hai, the 
particle, and luku, to slaughter.] 

1. To hit with any weapon; to de- 
stroy: kena ae la ke alii e hailuku 
i ua poe la; the king sent word to 
destroy those persons. (Pehi de^ 
scribes the act when one alone 
does the throwing or hitting; hai- 
luku implies that more than one 
did the destroying.) 

Haimalule (ha'i-ma'-lu'-le), adj. 1. 
Soft; effeminate; weak in body. 

2. Deliberate at work. 
Haimanawa (ha'i-ma'-na'-wa), n. 1. 

A very delicate white tapa that is 
rather thin. 2. Name* of the school 
book used at Lahainaluna in teach- 
ing chronology. 

Haina (ha'i-na'), adj. Cruel; unmer- 
ciful; hard-hearted. 

Haina (ha'i-na), n. [Hai, to speak, 
and ana participial ending.] A 
speaking; a declaration. 

Haina (ha'i-na), n. 1. A declara- 
tion; a conversation. 2. A break- 
ing, as of a stick or other thing. 

3. A breaking of a law. 

Haina (ha'i-na'), v. 1. To be stingy 
of food. 2. To withhold anything 
from those who deserve it. 3. To 
forsake. 4. To act unkindly; to be 
ungrateful; to be unmindful of. 
5. To abuse. 

Haina (ha'i-na), v. [Contraction of 
haiia, passive of the verb hai, to 
tell.] Tell; confess; declare; 
speak. (Used imperatively.) 

Halnaka (ha'i-na-ka'), n. [Bug.] 1. 
A handkerchief. 2. A napkin. 

Hainaki (ha'i-na'-ki), n. 1. Prayer 
or petition to be released from 
payment of the property tax for 
the chief). 2. The one so peti- 

Hainole (ha'i-no'-le), v. 1. To find 
fault with; to complain of. 2. To 
incite; to encourage; to stimulate. 

Hainu (ha'-i'-nu), v. (Obs.) To give 
drink to one; to cause to drink. 
Mod. syn: Hoohainu. 

Haiola (ha'i-o'-la), n. [Hai, to de- 
clare, and ola, life, salvation.] 1. 
One who preaches or declares 
there is salvation for men. 2. The 
declaration of such a fact. 

Haiole (ha'i-o'-le), adj. [Hal, to 
break, and ole, not.] Wilful; im- 
pudent; disobedient, 

Haiolelo (ha'i-o-le'-lo), n. [Hai, to 
declare, and olelo, word.] A 
preaching; a declaration of the 
Word of God. 

Haiolelo (ha'i-o-le'-lo), v. To make 
a speech or an address. (Laieik, 
p. 115.) 

Haiouli (ha'i-o-u'-li), n. A prognos- 
tication from observing the sky. 
Kindred with kilolani and kilokilo 

Haiouli (ha'i-o-u'-li), v. [Hai, to de- 
clare, and ouli, the sky.] To prog- 
nosticate; to declare future events 
from observing the heavens. 

Haipo (ha'i-po'), n. [Hai, a sacri- 
fice, and po, night.] A sacrifice 
offered in the night in distinction 
from haiao. 

Haipu (ha'-i'-pu), n. [Ha, the stem 
of a leaf, and ipu, a gourd.] The 
stem of a gourd leaf used in medi- 

Haipule (ha'i-pu'-le), adj. Pious; de- 
vout; religious; religiously dis- 
posed: a ike mai o Vanekouva he 
alii haipule o Kamehameha, etc., 
when Vancouver saw that Kame- 
hameha was religiously disposed, 

Haipule (ha'i-pu'le), n. A devotee; 
a pious person; a saint. 2. Piety. 
3. Profession of religion; outward 

Haipule (ha'i-pu'-le), v. [Hai, to of- 
fer, as in sacrifices, and pule, to 
pray.] 1. To speak or say a pray- 
er to the gods. 2. To worship vis- 
ibly. 3. To exhibit the character 
of a worshiper; to practice reli- 
gious rites: Ina e makemake oe e 
haipule, if you wish to practice re- 
ligious duties. 4. To consecrate a 
temple; to prescribe the forms of 
religion; nana (na ke alii) e hai- 
pule na heiau poo kanaka, oia hoi 
na luakini. 

Haiula (ha'i-u'-la), n. 1. The glow 
observed in the sky at early morn- 
ing and evening. 2. The red or 




yellow appearance of dust raised 
by the wind. 

Haiwahine (ha'i-wa-hi'-ne), n. The 
goddess of tapa makers. 

Haiwale (ha'i-wa'-le), v. [Hal, to 
speak and wale, idly or without 
effect.] 1. To talk for the pur- 
pose of concealing the truth. 2. 
To talk in a haphazard manner in 
order to divert attention from one's 

Haka (ha'-ka), n. 1. A hole; a 
breach, as in a side of a house; 
hence, 2. A ladder, that is, the 
cross sticks and spaces between. 
3. A hen-roost: hanaia i haka no 
ua moa la e kau ai. 4. A building 
not tightly inclosed, having many 
open places. 

Haka (ha'-ka), v. 1. To stare at; to 
look earnestly at. Syn: Nana. 2. 
To look at with desire. (Often 
connected with pono as an inten- 

Haka (ha-ka'), v. To quarrel; to 
dispute; to contend. Syn: Hakaka. 

Hakae (ha'-ka'e), v. To be unsound; 
to be weak; frail; applied to per- 
sons or things. 

Hakaha (ha'-ka'-ha), v. To delay; to 
procrastinate; to tarry. 

Hakahaka (ha'-ka-ha'-ka), n. 1. That 
which is full of holes or open 
spaces. 2. Want; deficiency; loss. 
3. Empty space; place unoccupied; 
me or ma ka hakahaka, in the 
place of. He hakahaka, ka houpo 
implying pololi, hunger. 

Hakahaka (ha'-ka-ha'-ka), y. 1. To 
be full of holes; unsound; cellular. 
2. To be hollow, as a bone. 3. To 
be empty. 4, To be open; to be 
not tightly enclosed, as a building. 
See haka, n, 

Hakahele (ha'-ka-he'-le), v. Incor- 
rect form of akahele. 

Hakaka (ha'-ka-ka'), n. Fighting; 
quarreling; contention; contro- 

Hakaka (ha'-ka-ka'), v. To quarrel; 
to contend; to fight — but often only 
in words. To debate. Syn: Haka. 

Hakakae (ha'-ka-ka'e), adj. Thin. 

Hakakae (ha'-ka-ka'e), v. To be 
sickly and weak; to waste away 
from trouble or distress. Syn: 
Hakae. 2. To be thin and frail 
and easily destroyed, as thin tapa. 
Syn: Hakae. 

Hakaka! (ha'-ka-ka'i), adj. Excea- 
sively fat; swollen. 

Hakakai (ha'-ka-kai), v. To be 
swelled; to be excessively fat but 
weak. Syn: Kuhakakai. 

Hakakau (ha'-ka-ka'u), n. 1. A place 
to hang things upon. 2. A thin, 
tall man. 

Hakakau (ha'-kaka'u), v. [Haka, a 
ladder or elevated resting place, 
and kau, get upon or mount.] 1. 
To be suspended, as on a ladder. 
2. To stand with a slender foot- 
ing, as on the edge of a canoe 
looking for squid: ke hakakau la 
ke kanaka me he kioea la; the 
man stands like a kioea (a long- 
legged bird). 3. To mount and 
take from. 

Hakakauluna (ha'-ka-ka'u-lu-na), n. 
Stools on which double canoes 
were placed when out of water. 
Syn: Aki: 

Hakakauplll (ha'-ka-ka'u-pi'-li), n. 
A traditionary rat celebrated for 
its skill in stealing food and keep- 
ing away from its pursuers. 

Ike ia hakakaupiii me he iwa la i ka lai, 
Ke aka lele au a Kalahikiola, 
Ola ka maka ia Kohala pall uka. 

Hakakauplll (ha'-ka'-ka'u-pi'-li), v. 1. 
To stand listening intently like a 
startled thief. 2. To be ready to 
fly on the approach of any one: e 
kau me he iwa la i ka lai, e lele 
aheahe malie ana. 

Hakake (ha'-ka-ke'), v. [Haka, lad- 
der or frame, and ke, to push.] 

1. To jump up, onto, or over. 

2. To stand on stilts. 3. To stand, 
as a spider on long legs. 4. To 
stand huddled or crowded togeth- 
er; to be so crowded as not to 
find a standing place. 

Hakaku (ha'-ka-ku'), n. A frame for 
drying fish for the chiefs. These 
were tabu. 

Hakala (ha'-ka'-la), n. The gable end 
of a house. Aia mahea ia? Aia 
ma ka hakala o ka hale. See kala. 

Hakalalu (ha'-ka-la-lu'), adj. Debili- 
tated; impaired in strength from 
old age, sickness, etc. 

Hakalalu (ha'-ka-la-lu'), v. To be- 
come weak from emaciation. 

Hakalla (ha'-ka-li'-a), adj. Dilatory; 
slow; taking too much time. 

Hakalla (ha'-ka-li'-a), n. Detention; 
slowness: he hewa nui, o keia 
hakalla o lakou; the great error 
was this slowness of them. 

Hakalla (ha'-ka-li'-a), v. To be dila- 
tory; slow in doing a thing. 




Hakalina (ha'-ka-li'-na), v. To be 
showy or pompous; to be vain of 
one's attire, 

Hakaiunu (ha'-ka-lu'-nu), adj. 1. 
Old; aged. 2. Lacking in strength; 

Hakaiunu (ha'-ka-lu'-nu), n. (Writ- 
ten also hakanu.) Extreme old 
age when one is no longer able to 
walk: hele o mea a kau ka haka- 

Hakamoa (ha'-ka'-mo'-a), n. [Haka, 
to quarrel, and moa, a fowl.] 1. 
Cock-fighting, a game practiced in 
former times: o ka hakamoa keka- 
hi mea makemake nui e na 'lii. 
2. A fist fight; sparring. 

Hakamoa (ha'-ka'-mo'-a), v. 1. To 
box; to spar. 2. To fight with 
feet and spurs, as cocks do. 

Hakanea (ha-ka-ne'a), adj. Awk- 
ward, unskilful; unable to accomp- 
lish. Syn: Neki. 

Hakanele (ha'-ka-ne'-le), adj. Thin; 
spare in flesh; applied to man or 
beast: Ua hakanele oe i ko oukou 
hiki ana mai. 

Hakanene (ha'-ka-ne'-ne), v. 1. To be 
weak, infirm from protracted sick- 
ness. 2. To be swelled; puffed 
up: e maimai, e ukeke. 

Hakao (ha'-ka'o), v. To go naked. 

Hakaolelo (ha-ka'-o-le'-lo), n. One 
whom a chief employed to report 
the misdeeds of the people. 

Hakaolelo (ha-ka'-o-le'-lo), v. [Haka, 
to quarrel, and olelo, word.] To 
blame another; to accuse vehe- 

Hakapono (ha'-ka-po'-no), v. 1. To 
look earnestly at; to stare at. 
Syn: Haka. 2. To be watchful of; 
to observe with care. Syn: Haka. 

Hakau (ha'-ka'u), adj. 1. Slim; poor 
in flesh. 2, Tall and slender. 

Hakau (ha-ka'u), v. To look slim 
and tall, as a person whose flesh 
is wasted from his limbs. 

Hakau (ha'-ka'u), v. 1. To practice 
fighting with the hands; to use 
hands and arms and body in ath- 
letic practice. 2. To strive in op- 
position; to debate or contend 
with words. 

Hake (ha-ke'), n. Fullness; reple- 
tion to the bursting point. 

Hake (ha-ke'), v. To be over full; 
to be full to the bursting point. 

Hakea (ha'-ke'-a), adj. Syn: Kea, 
white. Pale, as one sick. | 

Hakelo (ha'-ke'-lo), adj. (Also writ- 
ten hakelokelo.) Snotty. 

Hakelo (ha'-ke'-lo), n. (Also written 
hakelokelo.) Mucus. 

Haki (ha'-ki), adj. Easily broken: 
haki wale, brittle. 

Haki (ha'-ki), v. To be broken. See 
uhaki for the active form, 

Hakia (ha'-ki-a), n. A pin; nail; 

Hakia (ha'-ki-a), v. (Obsolete.) To 
fasten or join with a pin. Syn: 
Makia and kakia. 

Hakia (ha'-ki'-a), v. [Contraction of 
hakiia, the passive form of haki, 
to break.] To be broken. 

HaklEiaki (ha'-ki-ha'-ki), v. To be 
broken in pieces; to be broken 
into fragments. 

Hakii (ha'-ki'i), v. (Written also 
hakiikii.) To fasten with lacings 
or rope. Syn: Nakii. 

Hakilo (ha'-kl'-lo), v. 1. To observe 
narrowly; to watch closely and 
attentively. 2. To watch another's 
actions or conduct, generally. 3. 
To eavesdrop or listen secretly, 
expecting something bad: ua ha- 
kilo aku au ia mea ma e ohumu 
ana. 4. To act the spy. Syn: 

Hakina (ha'-ki'-na), n. [Contraction 
of haki ana, a breaking.] A piece 
broken off; a remnant; a part; a 
portion; hakina ai, a piece of food. 

Hakinaolelo (ha'-ki'-na-o-le'-lo), n. 1. 
Part of a word; a syllable. 2. A 
syllable in music. 

Hakiu (ha'-ki'-u), v. To spy out; to 
look at; to examine: alalia, hakiu 
like iho la lakou i iini ai. Syn: ' 
Hakilo and kiu. 

Hako (ha-ko'), n. [Ha, the leaf of, 
and ko, sugar-cane.] The leaf of 
the sugar-cane: ka wakawaka o 
Mano e moku ai ka hako. 

Hako (ha'-ko), v. To be dignified in 
one's bearing; to appear honor- 
able; to be noble in form: ua 
hako kona helehelena, ma kona 
mau maka. 

Hakohako (ha'-ko-ha'-ko), adj. [Freq. 
of hako.] 1. Portly. 2. Dignified 
in appearance; noble in person. 
Syn: Hako. 

Hakoi (ha'-ko'i), adj. 1. Heavy; 
burdensome; weighty, as luggage; 
kaumaha, koikoi. 2. Heavy, as 
the heart. 




Hakoi (ha-ko'i), n. Paraphia, a' 
strangulation of the glans penis, a j 
disease of children. j 

Hakoi (ha'-ko'i), v. 1. To dash 
at)out, as water against water. 2. | 
To be agitated, as water in a dish 
which is carried unsteadily: hakoi! 
ka wai. 3. To be mentally un- 1 
settled, as one's thoughts when in 

Hakoikoi (ha'-ko'i-ko'i), v. 1. To be' 
agitated, rise or swell up, as a tur- \ 
bulent tide. 2. To be disturbed 
mentally: Ma ka haale o ka ma- ^ 
nao e pii iluna me he waf la e ^ 
hakoikoi iloko o ka manawa; j 
through the overflow of thoughts I 
rising up like water, the affections | 
flow within. Syn: Hakoi. 

Hakoko (ha'-ko-ko'), n. Wrestling; 
contention of strength between 
two persons to cause each other 
to fall: Eia kekahi lealea, o ka 
hakookoo; here is one pastime, 

Hakoko (ha'-ko'-ko'), v. (Written 
also hakookoo.) To wrestle; to 
grapple with another to cause him 
to fall. (Hawaiians write the j 
worci in both forms. The last 
syllables are equally long and ac- 

Hakona (ha'-ko'-na), adj. 1. Scorched 
or dried black, as breadfruit which 
hangs on the trees long after the 
season is over, when one side be- 
comes parched and black with the 
sun: he hakona ka hua ulu. 2. It 
applies also to the side lying long 
on the dirt; the other side is kua 

Hakonakona (ha'-ko'-na-ko'-na), adj. 
Rough; dark; clouded; uneven. 

Hakookoo (ha'-ko'o-ko'o), adj. Same 
as hakoko. 

Haku (ha'-ku), n. 1. A lord; a mas- 
ter; an overseer; a ruler. 2. A 
hard lump of anything; the tongue 
of a bell; a hard substance in the 
flesh; the ball of the eye; haku 
onohi; the name of several species 
of hard stones formerly .used in 
working stone adzes: ua kapaia 
kela mau pohaku, he haku ka koi 
ka inoa. 3. The inner part of a 
thing; the central part of fruit: 
Ka haku o ka ipu, the middle 
portion of the melon. 

Haku (ha'-ku), v. 1. To dispose of 
things in order; to put in order. 
2. To arrange or tie feathers in a 

kahili; to make a wreath or lei: 
e haku i ka lei; e haku oe i lehua. 
(Laieik. p. 146.) 3. To put words 
in order, as in poetry; to com- 
pose a song. 

Hakuaina (ha'-ku-a'i-na), n. [Haku, 
lord, and aina, land.] A land- 
holder, that is, one who manages 
the land and the people on it un- 
der the chief or owner. 

Hakuakea (ha'-ku-a-ke'a), n. A 
phrase in praise of Lono, a lord of 
extensive power: papa ka hakua- 
kea o Lono. 

Hakuapa (ha'-ku-a'-pa), n. (The pre- 
ferable spelling is hakuepa.) 1. A 
false speaker; a detractor. 2. A 
false report; evil speaking. 

Hakuapa (ha'-ku-a'-pa), v. (Gen- 
erally written hakuepa.) To speak 
falsely; to detract; to slander. 

Hakue (ha-ku'e), n. Same as hauke. 

Hakuekue (ha'-ku'e-ku'e), n. A 
deep sea crustacean, resembling 
the ina. Found only in deep sea. 

Hakuepa (ha'-kii-e'-pa), n. 1. A back- 
biter. 2. A liar. 

Hakuhaku (ha'-kii-ha'-ku), adj. Full 
of hard lumps; lumpy. 

Hakuhaku (ha'-ku-ha'-ku), v. 1. To 
put together. 2. To fold up, as 
tapa; to put in order; to arrange. 
[See haku.] 

Hakuhale (ha'-ku-ha'-le), n. [Haku, 
master, and hale, house.] The 
master or owner of a house. 

Hakuhana (ha'-ku-ha'-na), n. 1. An 
overseer or superintendent of la- 
bor. 2. A word applied to the 
appearance or motion of the 
clouds: he ao hakuhana; a dark 
circular-shaped moving cloud giv- 
ing no rain. 

Hakui (ha'-ku'-i), n. Food cooked 
with hot stones, as popolo, luai, 
blood of hog, etc. 

Hakui (ha'-ku'i), n. 1. The spike- 
lets of the haukeuke. 2. The horn 
of the sea-egg. 

Hakui (ha'-ku'i), v. [Ha, and kul, 
to sound out.] 1. To reflect sound, 
as an echo. 2. To sound in every 
direction, as thunder rumbling 
through the heavens: e kani ma- 
hope o kekahi kani ana me he 
kihili la; to reverberate. 3. To 
be slightly sick at the stomach: 
hoopailua. 4. To flutter; to pal- 
pitate, as the heart. 

Hakui (ha'-ku'i), v. To cook food 
with red hot stones. 




Hakuia (ha'-ku-i'a), v. [Passive of 
haku.] To be bound; braided; 
wreathed together, etc, (Laieik, p. 

Hakuikui (ha-ku'i-ku'i), v. [Freq. 
of hakui, to reflect sound.] See 

Hakukai (ha'-ku-ka'i), v. [Haku 
lumpy, and kai, sea.] To be dis- 
turbed, as the sea; to be stormy. 
Syn: Ooloku. 

Hakukoi (ha'-ku-ko'i), v. 1. To 
spring up in the mind; to remem- 
ber suddenly. 2. To be disturbed; 
to be agitated. 

Hakukole (ha'-ku-ko'-le), n. 1. A 
blackguard; a vile person. 2. A 
defamer; a slanderer. 

Hakukole (ha'-ku-ko'-le), v. To black- 
guard; to reproach in foul lan- 

Hakuma (ha'-ku'-ma), adj. (Written 
also hakumakuma.) Ominous; 
dark; lowering, applied to cloud 

Hakumakuma (ha'-ku'-ma-ku'-ma), 
adj. 1. Lowering, as clouds threat- 
ening a storm. 2. Pitted, as the 
skin with disease. 3. Thick; set 
close together. 

Hakumakuma (hS,'-kii'-m^-ku'-m§,), v. 
1. To lower; to frown; to look 
threatening, as clouds portending 
a storm. 2. To be rough or pitted, 
as from the scars of the smallpox: 
hakumakuma ka ili. 3. To be 
close together. 4. To be thick, as 
a board. 

Hakumele (ha'-ku-me'-le), n. A poet; 
a composer of songs. 

Hakumele (ha'-kil-me'-le), v. [Haku, 
to compose, and mele, a song; 
poetry.] To compose or make 

Hakuohia (ha'-kti-o-hi'a), n. 1. The 
god of the ohia trees. 2. The ohia 
tree of which an idol was to be 
made: a i ka la i pii aku ai i ka 
hakuohia make kekahi kanaka, i 
me-a e mana ai ua kii ohia la; on 
the day they went up for an ohia 
tree some man would die, to give 
efficacy to the idol. The species 
of ohia used was the ohiaapane. 
Hakuohia is the same as kii-ohia. 
3. An idol made of ohia wood. 

Hakuolelo (ha'-kti-o-le'-lo), n. 1. One 
who puts words together in proper 
form, as in narration or descrip- 
tion. 2. A false accuser; a detrac- 

Hakuolelo (ha'-ku-o-le'-lo), v. [Haku, 
to put together, and olelo, words.] 
To detract; to defame; to slander. 

Hakuone (ha'-ku-o'-ne), n. [Haku, 
lump, and one, sand.] A small 
division of land, similar to or 
smaller than a koele cultivated for 
the chief. (See kuakua.) 

Hakuonohi (ha'-ku-6-no'-hi), n. [Haku, 
a hard lump, and oinohi, the eye- 
ball.] 1. The pupil of the eye. 
2. The little image in the eye. 

Hakupe (ha'-ku'-pe), n. Slow or 
feeble walking. 

Hakupe (ha'-ku'-pe), v. To walk 

Hakupehe (ha'-ku-pe'-he), v. 1. To 
speak carefully as to truth and 
propriety. 2. To step or act slowly 
as through uncertainty. 

Hakuwahfine (ha'-ku-wa-hi'-ne), n. 
[Haku, a lord, and wahine, a fe- 
male.] 1. A female master, that 
is, a mistress. 2. The wife of a 
chief or noble. 

Hala (ha'-la), adj. Sinful; wicked; 
kanaka hala, a sinner. 

Hala (ha'-la), adv. 1. Sinfully; in 
a state of sin. 2. (Referring to 
space past over.) Onward; 
throughout; even to; up to; he pa 
pohaku a hala i ka lani, a stone 
wall (reaching) clear up to heaven. 
A hala, clear up to, is also used. 

Hala (ha'-la), n. 1. Sin; transgres- 
sion: hala ole, without sin. 2. 
Offense. 3. A law case. 4. The 
pandanus tree (Pandanus odoratis- 
simus). Coarse mats are made 
from the leaves and wreaths (lei) 
from the ripe fruits. The tree is 
also known as lauala or lauhala. 

Hala (ha'-la), v. 1. To miss the ob- 
ject aimed at: Nou mai la ia, a 
hala ka pohaku; nou hou mai la ia 
a hala hou no; a i ke kolu o ka 
nou ana, pa aku la; he threw and 
the stone missed; he threw again 
and missed again; the third time 
he threw, he hit. 2. To be gone; 
to pass away, as time; to pass 
over. 3. To pass onward; to go 
beyond. 4. To err; to be guilty or 

Halahala (ha'-la-ha'-la), adj. Bitter; 
sour; brackish: ko halahala, sour 
or fermented cane. 

Halahala (ha'-la-ha'-la), n. A spe- 
cies of fish of the uhu class. Also 
called uhuhala-hala. 




Ha la ha la (ha'-la-ha'-la), n. [Redup. 
of hala, to miss.] See hala. 

Halahalawai (ha'-la-ha'-la-wa'i), adj. 
1. Watery; wet. 2. Tearful; weep- 
ing. Syn: Haloiloi. 3. Handsome 
in personal appearance. 

Hala hi (ha'-la-hi'), n. Hissing or 
whizzing of any projectile passing 
through the air. 

Halahl (ha'-la-hi'), v. 1. To miss, as 
to miss a mark. 2. To dodge any 
missile. 3. To fly near, as a 
hurled stone. 4. To whiz. 

Halahula (ha'-la-hu'-la), n. 1. An as- 
sembly composed of chiefs, priests, 
magicians and prophets. 2. A war 

Halai (ha'-la'i), adj. Not stormy; 
undisturbed by wind. 

Halai (ha'-la'i), n. The lulling of a 
strong wind; a calm. 

Halalo (ha'-la-i'o), interj. 1. Oh; 
well; alas, etc.; an exclamation of 
surprise at a failure to hit, reach, 
find, etc. 

Halalo (ha'-la-i'o), n. The meat of 
the lauhala seed. 

HalaiwI (ha'-la-i'-wi), n. A covet- 
ous look: halaiwi me ka manao e 
lawe malu. 

Halaiwi (ha'-la-i'-wi), v. To look 
covetously at. 

Halakahiki (ha'-ia-ka-hi'-ki'), n. The 
pineapple plant and its fruit. 

Halakau (ha'-la-ka'u), v. To beget 

Halakea (ha'-la-ke'a), n. 1. A white 
tapa. 2. The upright posts within 
a house to which the laaukea, or 
cross ties, were fastened. 

Halala (ha'-la'-la), adj. Over grown; 
of extra size. 

Halalo (ha'-la'-lo), v. 1. To lift up 
and look under. 2. To reflect: 
pela kuu halalo ana ia'u iho, so I 
thought within myself. 3. To in- 
ject, to give an enema or injec- 
tion. Syn: Hahano. 

Halaioa (ha'-ia-lo'a), n. A species of 

Halana (ha'-la'-na), v. [Ha, parti- 
ciple, and lana, to float.] 1. To 
overflow, as water. 2. To flood. 

Halanalana (ha'-la'-na-la'-na), v. 1. 
To overflow; to flow thick and 
fast, as the tears: nolaila i hala- 
nalana ai lakou me ka haloiloi i ko 
lakou waimaka, to shed tears. See 
halana. 2. To be qualmish. 

Halao (ha'-la'o), n. 1. Pain in the 
eye from some small mote. Syn: 

laolao. 2. A mote; a foreign sub- 
stance in the eye. 

Halao (ha'-la'o), v. To suffer pain 
in the eye from a particle or mote 
lodged there: halao ana i kuu 
i maka. 

! Halaoa (ha'-la-o'a), adj. Projecting; 
I standing above. 

Halaoa (ha'-la-o'a), v. 1. To project; 
to project unevenly. 2. To stretch 
out. 3, To extend upwards, as the 
mast of a ship. 

Halaolao (ha'-la'o-la'o), adj. Small; 
I stunted; poor; thin. 
; Halaolao (ha'-la'o-la'o), v. Freq. of 

halao, to suffer pain in the eye. 
, Halapa (ha-la'-pa), n. 1. A petition 
to the gods for an immediate an- 
swer to prayer: E Ku e Lono — e! 
E halapa i ka mauli kukala o ka 
hale hou; O Ku, O Lono, satisfy 
quickly the desire of my soul for 
the new house. 

Halapepe (ha'-la-pe'-pe), n. A glab- 
rous tree (Dracaena aurea) 25 to 
35 feet high, with, soft whitish 
wood, emitting roots above ground 
like the hala or pandanus. The 
natives formerly carved their idols 
out of this wood. 

Halapia (ha'-la-pi'-a), n. The white 
hala; hala keokeo. A species of 
pandanus that bears a white 

Halau (ha'-la'u), n. 1. A long house 
with openings on both ends used 
mostly for canoes. 2. A mother 

Halau (ha'-la'u), v. To be long; to 
extend; to stretch out. 

Halawai (ha'-la-w^'i), adj. Of or 
pertaining to meeting: hale hala- 
wai, a house for a public meeting. 

Halawai (ha'-la-w^'i), n. 1. A meet- 
ing place. 2. The place of union 
between the heavens and the 
earth; the space between them. 
Syn: Lewa hookui. 

Halawai (ha'-la-wa'i), v. 1. To meet, 
as two persons. 2. To meet as 
two lines in an angle. 3. To as- 
semble, as persons for business or 
public worship. 

Halawalawa (ha'-ia-wa-ia-wa'), adj. 
Having short turns; running this 
way and that. 

Halawi (ha'-ia-wi'), v. To look upon 
with desire. Syn: Halaiwi. 

Hale (ha'-le), n. 1. A house; a hab- 
itation; a dwelling place; mostly 




for men. 2. A sheltered and in- 
closed place for any purpose. 

In ancient times every man of 
wealth was supposed to have the fol- 
lowing .six houses: (a) The heiau, 
house of worship where the idols 
were kept; (b) The mua, the eat- 
ing house for the husband, and 
distinct from the eating house of 
the woman. Husband and wife 
never ate together. The mua was 
tabu to the wife; (c) The noa, the 
separate house of the wife, which 
was free for her husband to enter. 
The woman ate in the hale noa 
at certain periods; (d) Hale aina, 
the eating house of the wife; (e) 
The kua, the house where the 
wife beat out tapa; (f) Hale pea, 
the house of separation for the 
wife during the periods of her in- 

They had other houses and for 
other purposes, but these six 
were considered necessary for 
every person in respectable stand- 
ing. See the above words in their 

Halealna (ha'-le-a'i-na), n. [Hale, 
house, and ajna, eating.] In an- 
cient times the eating house for 
women. (The mua was the eating 
house for men.) See hale. 

Haleakala (ha'-le-a'-ka-la'), n. [Hale, 
house, a, of, and ka la, the sun. 
House of the sun.] 1. The extinct 
volcano of east Maui. Also known 
as Heleakala. 2. The high moun- 
tain peak on the rim of the crater 
of Haleakala. Also known as He- 

Halealli (ha'-le-a-li'i), n. [Hale, 
house, and alii, chief.] A chief's 
house; a palace. Halealii palaoa, 
an ivory palace. 

Halehalawai (ha'-le-ha'-la-wa'i), n. 
[Hale, house, and halawal, to 
meet; assemble.] A meeting 
house; a synagogue; a place of 

Halehale (ha'-le-ha'-le), adj. Deep 
down, as a pit; deep, as a cavern. 

Halehale (ha'-le-ha'-le), n. 1. A deep 
place: halehale poipu, deep under 
the surf. (Laieik. p. 133.) 2. A 

Halehale (ha'-le-ha'-le), v. 1. To be 
fallen in, as the roof of an old 
house. 2. To be pressed down. 

Halehau (ha'-le-ha'u), n. [Hale, 
house, and hau, the hau tree.] 

1. A house built of hau timber for 
the use of the gods, where divine 
honors were paid. 2. The ice 
house of Poliahu on Maunakea 
mentioned in the story of Laiei- 

Haleheiau (ha'-le-he'i-au), n. The 
first house made in an establish- 
ment; a house in which to keep 
the household gods and a place of 

Halehookipa (ha'-le-ho'o-ki'-pa), n. 
[Hale, house, and kipa, to turn in 
and lodge with one.] A lodging 
house; a house for strangers. See 

Halehooluhi (ha'-le-ho'o-lu'-hi), n. 
[Hale, house, and luhl, oppres- 
sion.] A house of bondage; a 
place of bondage. 

Halekaa (ha'-le-ka'a), n. [Hale, 
house, and kaa, to roll.] 1. Any 
carriage with a top or covering. 

2. A chariot. 3. A carriage house; 
a garage. 

Halekahikokaua (ha'-le-ka'-hl-k6'- 

ka'ua), n. [Hale, house, kahiko, 
armor, and kaua, war.] An armory; 
a place for storing or keeping arms. 

Halekamala (ha'-le-ka'-ma'-la), n. 
[Hale, house, and kamala, a tem- 
porary shed.] 1. A house quickly 
and slightly built; a temporary 
shed; a booth. 2. A tabernacle. 

Halekaua (ha'-le-ka'u-a), n. [Hale, 
house, and kaua, war.] A fort; a 
tower; a fortification. 

Halekia (ha'-le-kl'-a), n. [Hale, 
house, and kia, a post; a pillar.] 
A portico to a house; a verandah 
supported by pillars. 

Halekiai (ha'-le-ki'-a'i), n. [Haie, 
house, and kiai, to watch.] A 
watch tower; a tower. 

Halekipa (ha'-le-ki'-pa), n. [Hale, 
house, and kipa, to lodge a trav- 
eler.] 1. An inn; a lodging house. 
2. A friend; a friend of the same 

Halekoko (ha'-le-ko'-ko) , n. 1. The 
house where the hoalii, companion 
of the king or high chief, slept: 
ua kapaia ka halekoko o ka hoalii. 
2. House where prisoners were 
held until sacrificed upon the lele 
or altar. 

Halekua (ha'-le-ku'-a), n. [Haie, 
house, and kua, block for beating 
tapa.] 1. One of the houses of an 
ancient Hawaiian residence. 2. 




House where tapa, the native 
cloth, was made. 

Halekuku (ha'-le-ku'-ku), n. [Hale, 
house, and kuku, to beat tapa.] 
The house occupied by the woman 
when beating out tapa. See (5) 
under hale. 

Halekula (ha'-le-ku'-la), n. [Hale, 
house, and kula, school.] A school- 

Halekupapau (ha'-le-ku'-pa-pa'u), n. 
[Hale, house, and kupapau, a dead 
body; corpse.] A tomb; a sepul- 
cher; a grave. 

Halelaau (ha'-le-la'-au), n. [Hale, 
house, and laau, wood, timber.] 
A wooden house, in distinction 
from a grass-covered house. 

Halelalalaau (ha'-le-la'-la-la'-au), n. 
[Hale, house, lala, a branch, and 
laau, tree.] A house made of 
branches. of trees or other unsub- 
stantial materials; a booth; a 

Haleiana (ha'-le-la'-na), n. [Hale, 
house, and lana, to float.] A float- 
ing house; applied to Noah's ark. 

Halelanalana (ha'-le-la'-na-la'-na), n. 
[Hale, house, and lanalana, bouy- 
ant.] A house built on a double 
canoe for king or chiefs. Also 
called pola. 

Halelehua (ha-le-le-hu'-a), n. Name 
of a goddess mermaid who dwelt 
in the depths of the leiewaena, 
the channel between the islands 
of Kauai and Oahu. 

Halelelo (ha'-le-le'-lo), adj. Outly- 
ing, applied to the tides: Halelelo 
mai nei ke kai; the tide is out. 

Halelelo (ha'-le-le'-lo), n. (Written 
also halelolelo.) Certain caves in 
headlands whose entrance is 
through the sea. Such caves are 
said to be on the coast of Kana- 
hena, Maui, and on Lanai; and 
also on the coast of Nailima, Ko- 

Halelepo (ha'-le-le'-po), n. [Hale, 
house, and lepo, earth.] A mud 
house; a house built of adobe or 
sun-dried brick. 

Halelewa (ha'-le-le'-wa), n. [Hale, 
house, and lewa, swinging.] A 
portable house; a tent. 

Halelo (ha-le'-lo), adj. Jagged; hav- 
ing sharp protuberances like lava: 
Ku keo, ka halelo o Kaupo; how 
jagged stand the rocks of Kaupo. 

Halelole (ha'-le-16'-le), n. [Hale, 
house, and lole, cloth.] A tent: 

Poe humuhumu halelole. Syn: 

Halelu (ha'-le-lu'), adv. 1. Musically. 
2. Praiseworthily. 

Halelu (ha'-le-lu'), n. A psalm: na 
halelu, the psalms of David. 

Halelu (ha'-le-lii'), v. To sing praise 
to God. 

Halelua (ha'-le-lu'-a), n. [Hale, 
house, and lua, a pit or grave.] 
1. A cave in the side of a hill 
used as a place of abode. 2. A 
house over a grave, or a vault for 
reception of the dead. 3. A grave. 

Haleluapaahao (ha'-le-lQ'-a-pa'a-ha'o), 
n. A dungeon; a prison in a pit; 
a dark cell in a jail. Syn: Hale- 

HaleluJa (ha'-le-ia'-Ia), v. (Mod.) 
[Very unusual passive form of ha- 
lelu.] Haleluia is also used as 
an active verb, synonymous with 
halelu, to sing praises to God. 

Halemalu (ha'-le-ma'-lu), n. [Hale, 
house, and malu, cool; shady.] A 
shaded house or shed. 

Halemalumalu ( ha'-le-m^'-lu-ma'-lu ) , 
n. A shaded house, or shed. Syn: 

Halemoe (ha'-le-mo'-e), n. [Hale, 
house, and moe, to sleep.] A 
sleeping house; one of the houses 
of a Hawaiian householder. Syn: 

Halemua (ha'-le-mu'-a), n. In an- 
cient times the house where the 
husband ate his food. See hale. 

Halenale (ha'-le-na'-le), adj. (Obso- 
lete.) See konale. 

Haleone (ha'-le-6'-ne), n. A tempo- 
rary shelter made of a pile of 
sand or earth: kukulu lakou i 
haleone, ua kapaia he hale puone 
(more properly puu one), a sand 

Haleopeope (ha'-le-6'-pe-6'-pe), n. 
[Hale, house, and opeope, to fold 
up, as clothes.] 1. The name of 
the house where the chief's ward- 
robe was kept. 2. House or place 
where the bones of chiefs were 

Halepaahao (ha'-le-pa'a-ha'o), n. 
[Hale, house, paa, fast, and hao, 
iron.] A prison house; a jail. 

HalepaanI (ha'-le-pa-a'-ni), n. [Hale, 
house, and paani, to play.] A 
play-house; a theater. 

Halepahu (ha'-le-pa'-hu), n. [Hale, 
house, and pahu, a box.] House 




used as a place of refuge in time 
of war. 

Halepakul (ha'-le-pa'-ku'i), n. [Hale, 
house, and pakui, to splice. 1. A 
fortified house; a tower. 2. A 
house of two or more stories. 3. 
A structure added on to a pre- 
viously built house. 

Halepapaa (ha'-le-pa'-pa'a), n. [Hale, 
house, and papaa, secure,] A 

Halepea (ha'-le-pe'a), n. [Hale, 
house, and pea, unclean.] A house 
where the menstruous women for- 
merly were obliged to remain. 
(Laieik. p. 171.) Visitors were 
allowed to come to these houses 
but the priests were not. 

Halepio (ha'-le-pi'o), n. [Hale, 
house, and pio, an arch.] A house 
in the frame of which bent poles 
were used with the butt ends 
planted in the ground while the 
other ends met over the ridge 
pole, res.embling slightly an Indian 

Halepohaku. (ha'-le-po'-ha'-ku), n. 
[Hale, house, and pohaku, stone.] 
A house built of stone; a stone 

Halepokl (ha'-le-po'-ki), n. A place 
back of the heiau, temple, where 
the bones of chiefs sacrificed upon 
the lele (altar) were deposited. 

Halepukaua (ha'-le-pu'-ka'u-a), n^ 
[Hale, house, pu, a gun, and kaua, 
war.] 1. A fort; a tower; a house 
of defense. 2. A castle. 

Halepule (ha'-le-pu'-le), n. [Hale, 
house, and pule, to pray.] A 
prayer house; a house of worship; 
a meeting house. 

Halepuna (ha'-le-pu'-na), n. House 
built of limestone or coral. 

Halepupupu (ha'-le-pu'-pii'-pu), n. 
[Hale, house, and pupupu, poor; 
frail.] A makeshift house or 
dwelling place, as a shed, tree, 
hedge, lee side of a rock, etc. 

Haleu (ha-le'-u), n. Toilet paper, or 
anything used for that purpose. 
(A word which Kamehameha ap- 
plied to Keoua when the latter 
threatene4 to join kings against 

Haleu (ha-le'-u), v. To comb; to 
clear out; to purify; to cleanse. 

Haleuma (ha'-le-u'-ma), n. Incorrect 
form of heleuma. 

Haleumu (ha'-le-u'-mu), n. 1. The 
house or shelteT where the umu 

or oven was located. 2. Name of 
Lono's house. (Lono was the 
master umu heater; he was sup- 
posed to keep the fires of Hale- 
maumau going.) 

Hall (ha'-li), v. (Used frequently 
with the prepositions mai and 
aku.) 1, To bear; to carry; to 
convey: hall mai, to bring; hall 
aku, to take or carry away. 2. To 
suffer; to endure; to undergo pain 
of body or mind; to suffer in be- 
half of. 

Hall (ha-li'), n. and v. Incorrect form 
of halii. 

Halia (ha'-li'a), n. 1. A symptom. 

2. A premonition: ke kau e mai 
nei ia'u ka halia o ka makau, ame 
ka weliweli. (Laieik, p. 180.) 

Halia (ha'-li'a), v. To have a fond 
recollection of a person or thing. 
See Laieik. p. 116, and halia, noun. 

Halia (ha'-li'-a), v. [Contraction of 
haliia, passive form of hali, to 
convey.] To be carried; borne, 

Halialia (ha'-li'a-li'a), adj. Beloved; 
cherished; remembered with af- 
fection: ka manao halialia a'u i 
ka manao i ke ao; I have a fond 
remembrance of the desire for in- 

Halialia (ha'-li'a-li'a), n. A fond 
recollection of a person or friend: 
ke kau mai nei ka halialia aloha 
ia lakou; malaila no ka halialia 
aloha ana, there was the beloved 
recollection, — Laieik. p. 34. 

Halialia (ha'-li'a-li'a), v. 1. To 
have a recollection of a friend: e 
halialia ana no nae ke aloha ia'u 
ma na wahi a kaua i ao ai. 2. To 
become intent, as the mind, or as 
thoughts which keep one wakeful. 

3. To spring up, as thoughts or af- 
fections in the mind: halialia ke 
aloha. See lia. 

Halihali (ha'-li-ha'-li), v. [Freq. of 
hali,] See hali for definition, 

Halii (ha'-li'i), n. 1. A covering; 
anything laid over or upon a flat 
surface to cover it; a spread. 2. 
The leafage that falls from grow- 
ing plants and covers the surface 

Halii (ha'-li'i), v. 1. To spread out 
and lay down, as a sheet or mat. 
2. To spread upon or over, as a 
garment; to spread or cover over, 
as snow over the tops of the 
mountains. (See Laieik. p, 112.) 




3. To spread out, as grass, hay, 
earth, etc. 4. To expose to view, 
as something that had been con- 
Haliikull (ha'-li'i-kuMi), n. [Halii, to 
spread, and kuli, knee or knees.] 

1. One who spreads the knees 
when sitting down to eat so that 
others may not reach the food. 

2. Selfishness; stinginess. 
Hallikuli (ha'-li'i-ku'-li), v. To be 

hardhearted; to be niggardly; to 
be selfish. 

Haliilii (ha'-li'i-li'i), v. [Freq. of ha- 
lii.] To spread out or over fre- 
quently. See halii. 

Haliipili (ha'-li'i-pi'-li), n. A light 
shower or mist peculiar to regions 
covered with the pili grass. 

Haliipili (ha'-li'i-pi'-li), v. [Halll, to 
spread over, and pili, a coarse 
grass.] To spread over a region 
of pili, as a shower, like the 
spreading of a mat: haliipili i ke 
kula o Lele, the shower extends 
over the plain of Lahaina. 

Hal ike (ha'-ll'-ke), v. 1. To equal- 
ize. 2. To give equally; to equal- 
ize in disposing of things. 3. To 
resemble; to be like. 

Halina (ha'-ll'-na), n. 1. A bearing, 
or personal appearance; form. 2. 
A resembling; likeness. (Halina- 
lina is generally used.) 

Halinalina (ha'-li'-na-li'-na), n. Re- 
semblance or similar appearance; 
he helehelena like. Syn: Halina. 

Haliu (ha'-li'-u), n. 1. A looking 
around; a glancing about. 2. A 
turning from or toward. 

Haliu (ha'-li'-u), v. 1. To turn to- 
wards or from, as mai or aku is 
used. 2. To turn one's attention 
to a thing; to turn round to look. 

3. To listen. 4. To turn aside or 
from. 5. To turn towards one 
with love and respect: manao iho 
la au e haliu ae i ka Haku; I de- 
termined to turn to the Lord; E 
haliu mai ko alo; turn your face 
this way. 

Halo (ha'-lo), n. 1. The motion of 
the fins of a fish in swimming; 
the motion of the side fins of a 
shark. 2. The motion of rubbing 
or polishing. 3. The side fins of 
a fish. 4. A spreading out of the 
hands as in the act of swimming. 

Halo (ha'-lo'), v. 1. To turn the eye 
on; to look here and there; to 
look at: a halo aku la au mahope, 

to sweep round or traverse with 
the eye. 2. To look out; to peep; 
to look slyly or shyly. 

Halo (ha'-lo), v. To rub, grind or 

Haloaloa (ha-16'a-lo'a), adj. Hav- 
ing an uneven surface; rough. 

Haloaloa (ha'-lo'-a-lo'-a), n. Rough- 

Haloaloa (ha'-lo'a-lo'a), v. To be 
rough or uneven. 

Halol (ha'-lo'i), v. (Written also 
haloiloi.) 1. To be about to weep. 
2. To shed tears. 

Haloiloi (ha-lo'i-lo'i), adj. Weep- 
ing; shedding tears: ka maka ha- 
loiloi o ka ohia, the weeping eyes " 
of the ohia. 

Haloiloi (ha-lo'i-lo'i), n. The state 
of feeling just as one is about to 
weep; deep feeling. 

Haloke (ha'-lo'-ke), adj. Sprained or 
broken, as a limb. 

Haloke (ha'-lo'-ke), v. 1. To rub 
against each other, as the ends of 
broken Bones. 2. To move back 
and forth. 

Haloko (ha'-lo'-ko), n. A puddle of 
water standing after a rain; a 
small pool of water. 

Halokoloko (ha'-16'-k6-lo'-ko), n. 1. 
Small pools of water after a rain. 
2. Tear drops. 

Halokoloko (ha'-16'-k6-16'-ko), v. 1. 
To stand in pools, as water after 
a rain. 2. To be about to weep; 
to have deep affliction. Syn: 

Halokowai (ha'-lo'-k6-wa'i), n. A 
pool of fresh water; a small lake: 
o na waipuna huihui, o na halo- 

Haloku (ha-16'-ku), v. 1." To bubble 
up, as when heavy raindrops fall 
into water. 2. To disturb the sur- 
face of smooth water, as when 
many small fish come to the sur- 
face: haloku ka ia o kuluhaipu; 
the fish of kuluhaipu dimple its 
surface. 3. To undulate. 

Halolani (ha'-lo'-la'-ni), n. 1. A land, 
mentioned in Hawaiian stories, ad- 
joining Nuumealani. It is said to 
abound in hornets and dragon- 
flies: Lele ka pinao o Halolani, 
lele i ka lani; the dragon-fly of 
Halolani flies, it flies to heaven. 
2. The flying of a bird or fish 
over land or water with but little 




Haloliili (ha'-lo'-li-i'-li), adj. Lazy; 
idle; useless: o Mano kapu o ke 
kaele haloliili. 

Halu (ha'-lu), v. (Written also Ha- 
luhalu.) 1. To be thin; lean, as 
a person poor in flesh. 2. To be 
hungry for food. 3. (Obsolete.) 
To be greedy after what is an- 
other's; to confiscate property, as 
chiefs did in ancient times. 

Halua (ha-lu'a), adj. 1. Striped; 
seamed; streaked: he lole halua; 
he kilika halua. 2. Worn; weak; 

Halua (ha'-lu'a), n. 1. A ripple on 
the water; the rising up of water 
by the wind. 2. A streak, stripe 
or seam; he nao kuku. 

Halua (ha-lu'-a), n. A pattern on a 
tapa beater, consisting of two sets 
of parallel lines crossing at right 

Halua (ha'-lu'-a), n. and v. Incor- 
rect form of hoohalua, 

Haluakoeau (ha'-lu'-a-ko'e-au'), n. 
Same as halua, a pattern on a 
tapa beater. 

Halualeihala (ha'-lu'-a-lei-ha'-la), n. 
A pattern carved on an ie kuku or 
tapa beater, supposed to resemible 
a lei hala or necklace of pandanus 
nuts. It is composed of a series 
of interlocking triangles. 

Halualua (ha-lu'a-lu'a), n. Soft- 
ness; weakness; flexibility. 

Halualua (ha-lu'a-lu'a), v. [Ha, 
and lualua, soft; flexible.] 1. To 
be soft; flexible. 2. To be weak. 

Haluamanama (ha-lu'-a-ma-na'-ma), 
n. A certain design carved on an 
ie kuku or tapa beater, cross 
hatching, resembling the meshes 
of a net. Also called makaupena. 

Haluapawehe (ha'-lti'-a-pa-we'-he), n. 
A certain design carved on an ie 
kuku or tapa beater. Same as 
uahaao and hoopai pawehe. Par- 
allel lines crossing at other than 
right angles; cross hatching. 

Haluapo (ha'-lu'-a-po'), v. [Halua, 
to lie in wait, and po, night.] To 
lie in wait in darkness. 

Haluapou (ha'-lu'-a-po'u), n. Prayer 
used when the banana was 

Haluapou (ha'-lu'-a-po'u), v. To chant 
the prayer of the banana planter: 

E Kama e ! E eku iho a hooulu ae i 

ka maia a kaua e kanu nei, 
E hanai i nui, i halala ka ahui, 
E haluapou ka paa o ka ahui, 
E koikoi ka hiki o Kaahui, 

I lau, i mano e lawa ai ka ahui. 

O, Kama, dig deep and cause the banana 

we plant to grow. 
Let the bunch be long and large. 
Let the tree be strong to hold the fruit up. 
That four hundred, four thousand may 

have enough. 

HaluapuHi (ha-lu'-a-pu-i'-li), n. A 
certain design carved on an ie 
kuku or tapa beater, twining in 
parallel wavy lines, with the 
apices not in line. 

Haluapupu (ha-lu'-a-pu-pu'), n. A 
design carved on a tapa beater. 
Same as molehaluapupu. 

Haluku (ha-lu'-ku). n. A noise, es- 
pecially the sound produced by 
striking the side of a canoe with 
a paddle, so as to scare fish into 
a net. 

Haluku (ha'-lu'-ku), v. 1. (Obso- 
lete.) To wallow in the mire, as a 
hog. 2. To strike the canoe with 
the paddle; that is, to scare fish 
into a net. 3. To render turbid 
or muddy. 

Halukuluku (ha'-lu'-kii-lu'-ku), v. 1. 
To clatter. 2. To make a rattling 
noise like the falling of heavy 
drops of water on a hard surface. 

Halu la (ha'-lu'-la'), n. A calm; still- 
ness, as the sea without wind. 

Halula (ha'-lu'-la'), v. To become 
calm, as a wind. 

Halulelule (ha'-lu'-le-lu'-le), v. [Ha 
and lule, to be shaken.] 1. To be 
weak; yielding; to be flexible. See 
olulelule. 2. To be weak from 
excessive fatness. 3. To walk 
unsteadily from weakness. 

Haluli (ha'-lu'-li), v. 1. To shake 
gently; to vibrate with very gen- 
tle motion, as the leaves of a tree 
on a quiet day. 2. To turn or 
twist quietly. 

Halulu (ha'-lu'-lu), n. 1. A noise of 
a chariot and horsemen rushing to 
battle. 2. The noise of rushing 
water. 3. The sound of thunder 
or wind: halulu hekili. 4. Any 
vibratory sound. 

Halulu (ha'-lu'-lu), n. The name of 
a fabulous bird killed by the chief 
Aukelenuiaiku in ancient times: o 
halulu, o ka manu kani halau. O 
Halulu, o ka manu leo nui, e kani 
halau ana i na pea kapu o Ku- 
kulu o Kahiki. 

Halulu (ha'-lu'-lu), v. To roar; to 
rage, as thunder, as the sound of 
a heavy wind, as the sea: Halulu 
aku la ka pohaku i ke kahakai; 




the rock thundered off to the sea 
shore; halulu ana o laua ma ka 
puka o ka hale, shook violently 
the door of the house. 

Hal una (ha'-lu'-na), v. 1, (Obso- 
lete.) To summon men to work. 
2. To breathe hard. 

Hama (ha'-mS), v. To signal silence 
by the motion of the open hand 
over the mouth. 

Hamakua (ha'-ma'-ku'-a), n. The 
name of two districts of land; one 
on the northeastern side of Ha- 
waii, and the other on the north- 
eastern side of Maui. 

Hamakuu (ha'-maku'u), v. 1. To 
start up suddenly and stand erect, 
as from alarm or consternation. 
2. To tie one's hair in a topknot. 

Hamama (ha'-ma'-ma), adj. 1. Un- 
closed; expanded; open. 2. Free 
of obstruction; accessible. 

Hamama (ha'-ma'-ma), adv. Openly. 

Hamama (ha'-ma'-ma), v. To gape; 
to yawn; to open wide. 

Hamare (ha'-ma'-le), n. A hammer; 
any tool used in place of a ham- 
mer; a mallet. 

Hamare (ha'-ma'-le), v. To pound; 
to hammer. 

Hamau (ha'-ma'u), adj. Silent, as a 
person who refrains from speak- 

Hamau (ha'-ma'u), adv. Silently. 

Hamau (ha'-ma'u), n. 1. A certain 
condition or quality of the ripe 
fruit of the ohia or mountain ap- 
ple. 2. The purple ripe fruit of 
the ohia tree. 

Hamau (ha'-ma'u), v. 1. To be si- 
lent; to hush; to be still: Alalia, 
hea mai la ia makou, i mai la] 
hamau kakou, then he called to us 
and said, let us be still. 2. With 
e, as e hamau, to keep silent as an 
act of worship. 

Hame (ha'-me), n. 1. A tree (Anti- 
desme platyphyllum) 20 to 30 feet 
high. Said to be very superior for 
the finest cabinet work. Also 
known as haa and mehame. 2. 
(Eng.) Ham, the salted and smoked 
thighs of hogs. 

Hamiha (ha'-mi-ha'), v. To be calm, 
as the surface of the sea. 

Hamo (ha'-mo), adj. 1. Anointed. 
2. Besmeared: ina hele ke kanaka 
me ke poo hamo palolo, if a man 
went with head besmeared with 
white clay; mea hamo, ointment; 

Hamo (ha'-mo), v. 1. To rub over 
with little weight or force. 2. To 
rub gently with the hand. 3. To 
besmear with any liquid or adhe- 
sive matter. 4. To plaster. 

Hamohamo (ha'-m6-ha'-mo), n. 1. A 
gentle stroking; a making smooth. 
2. Flattery. 3. An office obtained 
from a chief by flattery or by de- 
preciating a rival. 

Hamohamo (ha'-m6-ha'-mo), v. [Freq. 
of hamo.] To stroke lightly with 
the hand; to smooth. 

Hamole (ha'-mo'-le), adj. 1. Round 
and smooth. Syn: Omole. 2. Des- 
titue of hair. 

Hamoula (ha'-m6-u'-la), n. [Hamo, 
rubbed over, and ula, red.] 1. A 
kind of tapa colored or stained 
red. 2. A red stain or color. 3. 
The act or process of fixing a red 

Hamu (ha'-mu), n. The fragments 
that remain after eating. 

Hamu (ha'-mu), v. 1. To eat frag- 
ments of food. 2. To eat the 
skin. 3. To pick bones. 4. To 
scrape up and eat what is left: 
e ai hamu. 

Hamuhamu (ha'-mii-ha'-mu), v. 1. 
To crumble up into fragments. 

2. To eat fragments. See hamu. 

3. To gather up and preserve 
fragments of food. See lapulapu. 

Hamuili (ha'-mii-i'-ll), n. Personal 
attendants of a chief. 

Hamumu (ha'-mii'-mu'), n. 1. A low 
indistinct rumbling sound. 2. An 
indistinct sound of conversation. 

Hamumumu (ha'-mu-mii'-mu), v. 1. 
To talk in a low indistinct man- 
ner; to whisper. 2. To talk in a 
low voice just above a whisper. 
(Written also hamumu.) 

Hana (ha'-na), n. 1. Work; labor: 
hana mana, a miracle; hana a 
ka lani, the doing or the work of 
the chief. 2. Duty. 3. Office; 
calling. 4. Trade. 5. Bleached 
wauke bark. 6. Tapa of the best 
material and of brilliant colors 
used to cover the outside of any- 
thing. Also called kilohana. 7. 
The four white sheets of tapa un- 
der the top sheet of a set of sleep- 
ing tapa. 

Hana (ha-na'), n. The middle post 
on the end of a house; post that 
supports the end of the ridge pole. 




Hana (ha'-na), v. 1. To work; to 
labor. 2. Used in a most exten- 
sive sense of to cause and to act. 

Hanaale (ha'-na-a'-le), v. 1. To at- 
tack with raillery. Syn: Hanawale. 

2. To ridicule; to deride; to treat 

Hanae (ha'-na'e), n. 1. Vain labor; 
trifling effort. 2. A blunder; some- 
thing done that provokes ridicule. 

Hanae (ha'-na'e), v. To provoke; to 
tease; to worry with importunity. 

Hanaea (ha'-na-e'a), v. To do a for- 
bidden thing; to disobey. 

Hanahana (ha'-na-ha'-na), adj. 1. 
Warm, as a hot day; heated, as 
with exercise. See hana and the 
root, hana. 2. Offensive; sour; 
stinking; applies to food: hanahana 
ka ai awaawa. 

Hanahana (ha'-na-ha'-na), v. (More 
properly written hahana.) 1. To 
be heated; to be exceedingly 
warm. 2. To be vehement or vio- 

Hanahanai (ha'-na-ha'-na'i), n. A 
projection on the surface of a 
precipice or on a steep ascent; 
edge of a steep place; brow of a 

Hanahanauna ( ha'-na-hS-'-na-u'-na ) , 
adj. Contemporary; of the same 

Hanahanauna (ha'-na-ha'-na-u'-na), n. 
1. Very distant relationship. 2. A 
relative; a kindred; relations by 

Hanahemo (ha'-na-he'-mo), n. A 
feeble state of health; state of 
weakness. Syn: Omali. See ohemo. 

Hanahemo (ha'-na-he'-mo), v. [Hana, 
and hemo, to loosen.] To loosen; 
to let go; to untie. (Slang.) Syn: 
Wehe ae or e wehe ae. 

Hanahlhl (ha'-na-hl'-hi), adj. 1. Un- 
civil; crude. 2. Wild; untamed. 

3. Rank growing; wild, as grass. 

4. Branchy, as a vine. 
Hanahihiu (ha'-na-hi-hi'-u), n. [Hana, 

a work, and hihiu, wild.] 1. A 
strange work; a miracle. 2. A dif- 
ficult thing to accomplish; a work 
that requires a special or expe- 
rienced worker. 

Hanahio (ha'-na-hi-o'), n. (Not idio- 
matic.) A slanting; a deviation 
from the square. 

Hanahio (ha'-na-hi-o'), v. [Hana 
and hio, to lean over.] (Not idio- 
matic.) 1. To cause to lean or 
push over from an upright posi- 

tion. 2. To slant; to cut to an 
Hanahokai (ha'-na-ho'-ka'i), v. [Hana, 
work, and hokai, to waste.] 1. To 
behave foolishly or carelessly. 2. 
To squander. 3. To do mischief. 

4. To work in a disorderly manner. 
See hokai. 

Hanai (ha'-na'i), adj. 1. Nourished; 
fed; applied to the receiver; a 
servant, etc. Keiki hanai, a fos- 
ter child. 2. Applied to the giver; 
as, makua hanai, a foster parent; 
he alii hanai, etc. 

Hanai (ha'-nai), n. 1. The four 
strings that hold a hanging cala- 
bash. 2, The three or four cords 
that connect a kite with the kite- 
line. 3. One fed or sustained by 
another; a foster child; a ward. 

Hanai (ha'-na'i), v. 1. To feed; to 
nourish, as the young. 2. To sup- 
port, as those in need. 3. To feed, 
as a flock; to feed; to sustain, as 
a people. 4. To entertain, as 
strangers; e hookipa i na malihini. 

5. To act the part of a parent to- 
wards an orphan; to foster. 6. 
To skim along the ground, as a 
bird; to fly close to the surface, 
as the flying fish. 

Hanaiakamalama (ha-nai-a-ka-ma-la'- 
ma), n. 1. A benevolent goddess 
who presided over the tabus that 
were the birthright of certain 
chiefs. (The rules that etiquette 
prescribed in the life and conduct 
of such a chief were intricate and 
burdensome to the last degree.) 
2. Name of the residence in Nuu- 
anu valley, Honolulu, of the late 
Queen Emma, and of that locality. 

Hanaiahuhu (ha'-na'i-a-hu'-hu), adj. 
Well fed; plump; swelled out: 
puaa hanaiahuhu, a pet hog. 

Hanaiahuhu (ha'-na'i-a-hu'-hu), n. A 
person or animal especially cared 

Hanaiahuhu (ha'-na'i-a-hu'-hu), v. 
[Hanai, to feed, and hu, to swell 
out.] 1. To feed or stuff with 
food, as a favorite hog or dog. 2. 
To feed, as a child or any young 
animal from birth; he keiki hana- 
iahuhu na'u. 3. To be fed or 
brought up by hand, as a lamb or 
any young animal. 

Hanai I i (ha'-na-i'-li), n. [Hana, to 
work, and ili, the skin.] A tan- 
ner; a manufacturer of leather. 




Hanaipu (ha'-nai'-pu'), n. In ancient 
Hawaiian worship the title of the 
man who carried the image of a 
diety, and who ate the food of- 
fered to the god: o ke kanaka 
nana e amo ke akua, ia ia no e 
hanai aku ai, ua kapaia he hanai- 

Hanakai (ha'-na-ka'i), adj., adv., v. 
Incorrect form of hokai. 

Ha'namana (ha-na-ma'-na), n. [Hana, 
and mana, super-natural power.] 
The words are often written sep- 
arately, as: hana mana. 1. A 
work of the gods. (Hawaiians be- 
lieved there was a class of gods 
having superhuman power; next to 
these were the highest chiefs, 
such as Kamehameha, who were 
reverenced as gods.) 2. (Biblical.) 
A miracle. 

Hanamanuea (ha'-na-ma'-nu-e'a), v. 
1. To blunder; to be careless. 2. 
To be slow in movement. 3. To 
work in opposition to. 

Hanana (ha'-na'-na), adj. 1. Curved 
inwardly; bending. 2. Flowing 
away. 3. Overflowing. 

Hanana (ha'-na'-na), n. Overflow; 
inundation; flood. (Halana is a 
more correct spelling.) 

Hanana (ha'-na'-na), v. To flow, as 
water; to overflow, as a stream. 
(Halana is the preferable spell- 

Hananai (ha'-na-na'i), n. Loftiness; 
pride; self-esteem. 

Hananai (ha'-na-na'i), v. To be af- 
fected or showy in dress or man- 
ner; to strut. 

Hanaoi (ha'-na-o'i), n. (Obsolete.) 
[Hana and oi, sharp.] A general 
name for cutlery, as knives, etc.; 
a unuhi ae i ka hanaoi, then he 
drew out his knife. 

Hanaoi (ha'-na-o'i), v. To make 

Hanapaa (ha'-na-pa'a), V. [Hana and 
paa, fast, or tight.] 1. To fasten; 
to make fast. 2. To tighten. (The 
full form, which is generally used, 
is hana a paa or hoopaa.) 

Hanapepe (ha'-na-pe'-pe'), n. A 
small district on Kauai. 

Hanapllo (ha'-na-pi'-lo), adj. Wheezy; 
nasal; squeaky. (Applied to 

Hanau (ha'-na'u), n. Child-birth; 
the bringing forth of offspring. 
(Applied to animals and persons.) 

Hanau (ha'-na'u), n . Baptism. 

Hanau (ha'-na'u), v. 1. To be bom. 
2. To give birth to; to bring forth 
children; more rarely used in an 
active sense to bear or bring 
forth, as a mother. (The trans- 
lators of the Hawaiian Bible have 
used the word in the active sense 
for want of a better term, but 
Hawaiians seldom do; it mostly 
expresses the act of separation of 
the child from the mother; hence 
in a neuter or passive sense often, 
there was born to or for.) 

Hanauakane (ha'-nau-a-ka'-ne), n. 
Offspring of the god, Kane. 

Hanauanaua (ha-na-u'-a-na-u'a), n., v. 
Incorrect spelling of hawanawana. 

Hanauhope (ha'-na'u-ho'-pe), n. 1. 
The last born. 2. The last birth. 

Hanaukahl (ha'-na'u-ka'-hi), n. [Ha- 
nau, born, and kahi, one.] An 
only child. 

Hanaukama (ha'-na'u-ka'-ma), adj. 
[Hanau and kama, a child.] Child 
bearing; prolific. 

Hanaukama (ha'-na'u-ka'-ma), n. Par- 
ents who have many children. 

Hanaumua (ha'-na'u-mu'-a), n. [Ha- 
nau and mua, the first.] 1. The 
first child; the first-born. Syn: 
Hiapo and maka-hiapo. 

Hanauna (ha'-na'u-na), n. (For ha- 
nau ana.) 1. Relatives in general. 
Syn: Hoahanau. 2. A circle of 
members of one family. 3. A suc- 
cession, as of father, son, grand- 
son, etc. 4. A generation, that is, 
people living at the same time. 

Hanauwahapaa (ha-na-ii-wa'-harpa'a), 
adj., n. Same as hanawahapaia. 

Hanauwalea (ha-na-ii-wa'-le'a) , n., v. 
Same as hanawalea. 

Hanawahapaa (ha'-n^-wa'-ha-pa'a), 
adj. Obstreperous; loud-voiced. 

Hanawahapaa (ha'-na-wa'-h^-pa'a), n. 
1. A boisterous, noisy person. 2. 
A wordy quarrel. 

Hanawal (ha'-na-wa'i), v. 1. To 
menstruate: Aia hanawai kou ma- 
kuahine. Laieik. p. 171. 2. To 

Hanawale (ha'-na-wa'-le), n. A gra- 
tuitous work; a benefaction. 

Hanawale (ha'-na-wa'-le), v. [Hana 
and wale, only.] 1. To do for the 
sake of doing; to do something 
without reward, that is, gratui- 
tously. 2. To work aimlessly. 3. 
To labor in vain. 4. To do or say 
a thing in sport. 




Hanawalea (ha'-na-wa'-le'a), n. Cus- 
tomary work; habitual employ- 

Hanawalea (ha'-na-wa'-le'a), v. [Na- 
na and walea, habit.] 1. To live, 
act or do in a manner to which 
one is accustomed. 2. To do a 
thing as a pastime or diversion. 

Hanawanawa (ha-na'-wa-na'-wa), v. 
Incorrect form of hawanawana, to 

Hane (ha'-ne), n. Idle chatter or 

Hanea (ha'-ne'a), n. Loss of appe- 
tite. Syn: Kanea. 

Hanea (ha'-ne'a), v. To have no ap- 
petite. Syn: Kanea. 

Hanee (ha'-ne'e), v. [Ha and nee, 
to slip; slide along.] 1. To fall, 
as a ruined building, or a wall; to 
flatten. 2. To slip or slide down, 
as an avalanche: ua kapaia o Ka- 
holo mahope o ka hanee ana o ka 
pali; it (the place) was called 
Kaholo (the moved) after the slid- 
ing down of the pali. See nee. 

Haneenee (ha'-ne'e-ne'e), v. [Freq. 
of hanee.] To hitch along: me he 
oopa la haneenee ae la ka nee, as 
a lame man hitches along his 

Hanehane (ha'-ne-ha'-ne), n. The in- 
distinct wailing or crying of the 
spirits: hoopihaia i na leo wawalo 
o ka hanehane, me ka leo uwe; 
(the air) was filled with the 
voices of lamentation, and crying 
out, and the sound of wailing. 

Hanehane (ha'-ne-ha'-ne), v. To cry; 
to wail, as the ghosts of the dead 
were supposed to do. 

Hanene (ha'-ne'-ne), n. Abusive lan- 
guage spoken of one absent; mali- 
cious misrepresisntation. 

Hanene (ha'-ne'-ne), v. 1. To black- 
guard; to deride and scorn in dis- 
sembled language. 2. To make 
plans for opposing another polit- 
ical party. 

Hanere (ha'-ne'-re), adj. (Eng.) A 

Hanere (ha-ne'-re), n. A hundred. 

Hani (ha'-ni), v. (Written also ha- 
hani.) 1. To' step lightly; to walk 
softly. 2, To graze or strike 
lightly against in passing. 3. To 
pass quickly through the air with 
a humming noise; to whiz. 4. To 

Hanihani (ha'-ni-ha'-ni), v. 1. To 
make first or slight advance in 

tempting to adultery. See hoo- 
hanihani. 2. To begin to do a 
thing and give up before done; to 
come near doing something with- 
out accomplishing it. 

Han lie (ha'-ni'-le), v. (Obsolete.) 
To prepare for company; to re- 
ceive company. 

HanJna (ha'-ni'-na) , n. A yellow, 
pa-u, ancient Hawaiian woman's 
garment, colored with olena or tur- 

Hanlna (ha'-ni'-na), v. Same as 

HaninI (ha'-ni'-ni), v. (See nini and 
ninini.) 1. To overflow; to spill. 
2. To pour out, as water. To pour 
down, as a powerful rain. 3. To 
be gone; to disappear: 

Hoohanini i Mana ka wai opua, 
Hoaleale i ke kaha o Kaunalewa. 

Haniu (ha'-ni'-u), n. [Ha, butt-end 
or stem of a leaf, and nlu, a cocoa- 
nut.] The heavy end or stem of 
a cocoanut leaf. 

Hano (ha'-no), adj. Silent; deso- 
late; lonely, as an uninhabited 
place. See anoano. 

Hano (ha'-no), n. A tubular wind 
instrument made of a small gourd 
or bamboo and played with the 
nostril and fingers. 

Hano (ha'-no'), n. 1. The asthma; a 
cough; a wheeze. 2. A cough, as 
a signal of one's presence. (See 
Laieik. p. 146.) la wa no kani 
aku la ka hano, then he emitted a 

Hano (ha'-no), v. To use as a 
syringe; to inject. 

Hanoalewa (ha'-no'-a-le'-wa), n. A 
small, temporary heiau or altar 
where gifts were offered to the 

Eia ke kuahu imua ou, e Kane, 

He hanoalewa e hai aku ai i i ka alana. 

The altar is before you, O Kane, 

The altar which carries the gift. 

Hanohano (ha'-no-ha'-no), adj. 1. 
Glorious; honored; dignified; dis- 
tinguished. 2. Grave, sober. 

Hanohano (ha'-no-ha'-no), n. Glory; 
honor; pomp; splendor; excel- 
lency; especially such as arises 
from wealth or position. 

Hanohano (ha'-no-ha'-no), v. To be 
distinguished; to be regarded with 

Hanona (ha'-no'-na), n. 1. Testing 
of a new net or fisher's line, for 
luck. 2. Determination by lot of 
the virtue or value of. 




Hanona (ha'-no'-na). v. (Written 
also halona.) To test by trial or 
use of, as a net or fishing line. 

Hanonono (ha'-n6-no'-no), adj. 
Cracked; full of holes. Syn: Pu- 
kapuka. See hakahaka. 

Hanonono (ha'-n6-no'-no), n. 1. A 
leak in a fish pond; an under- 
ground escape of water. 2, A 
small stream that overflows with 
water in the rainy season but is 
dry in summer: he hanonono, he 

Hanopilo (ha'-nS-pi'-lo), n. Hoarse; 
speaking with a wheezy voice. 

Hanopilo (ha'-n6-pI'-lo), v. [Hano, a 
wind instrument, and pllo, wheezy.] 

1. To be hoarse; to speak in a 
deep-toned voice. 2. To speak as 
one without a palate. See hana- 

Hanu (ha'-nu), adj. Living; na mea 
hanu, the living things. 

Hanu (ha'-nu), n. 1. The breath; 
respiration. 2. Breath in the 
sense of existence; life. 3. That 
which is unsubstantial or evanes- 

Hanu (ha'-nu), v. 1. To breathe. 2. 
To hunt or search for by means 
of the sense of smell. (See Laieik. 
p. 104.) 3. To smell. 

Hanua (ha'-nu'a), adj. Level; plane; 

Hanua (ha'-nu'a), n. A level or flat 

Hanuhanu (ha'-nu-ha'-nu), n. Incor- 
rect form of honuhonu. 

Hanuhanu (ha'-nu-ha'-nu), v. (Freq. 
of hanu.) 1. To smell. 2. To 
scent, as a dog following the track 
of his master: e imi ma ka hanu- 
hanu ana ka ka ilio e loaa ai ka 

Hanul (ha'-nu'i), n. 1. The butt- 
end of the stem of a coconut leaf. 

2. A species of fish said to be of 
the same class as maomao. Known 
to Hawaiian fishers as mokumo- 

Hanunanuna ( ha'-nu '-na-nu'-na), n. 1. 
A nasal sound. 2. The voice is- 
suing through the nose. 3. First 
signs of the fermentation of fresh 

Hanunu (ha'-nii'-nu), adj. Stooping; 
bending over; round-shouldered. 

Hanunu (ha'-nii'-nu), v. To be bent 
over; to be stoop-shouldered. See 

Hanupa (ha'-nti'-pa), v. To be full 
to the brim (applies only to liq- 
uids). Hanupa mai nei ka hoi ke 
kai o ka loko ia. The sea has 
filled the fish pond to its limit. 

Hanupaa (h&'-nu-pa'a), n. [Hanu, 
and paa, tight.] 1. A cold. 2. Ca- 

Hanupanupa (ha'-nu'-p^-nu'-pa), adj. 
1. Slippery; muddy, as a road; 
unsteady, as by walking in a bad 
road; allowing the feet to sink in, 
as a sandy or very dirty road. 2. 
Choppy, applied to the waves of 
the sea. 

Hanupanupa (ha'-nu'-pa-nu'-pa), v. 
[Ha and nupa, soft; muddy.] 1. 
To be muddy; soft. 2. To find it 
difficult to walk from slipperiness. 
3. To be choppy, as the sea. 

Hanupau (ha'-nti-pa'u), n. [Hanu, to 
breathe, and pau, to finish.] The 
gasping of a dying person, the 
giving up of the spirit: he hanu- 
pau ka make. 

Hanupilo (ha'-nu-pi'-lo), n. Offen- 
sive breath. 

Hanupilo (ha'-nu-pi'-lo), v. Same as 

Hanuu (ha-nu'u), adj. Low, refer- 
ring to tides and other currents 
of water. 

Hanuu (ha'-nu'u), n. The flowing 
back of the tide; the going down 
of the waters. 

Hanuu (ha'-nu'u), v. To recede, as 
water; to ebb; to flow back. 

Hanuunuu (ha'-nu'u-nu'u), adv. Ir- 
regularly; slowly; unequally: Ina 
1 ulaula hanuunuu ke ao, if the 
clouds be unequally red. 

Hanuunuu (ha'-nu'u-nu'u), n. 1. A 
slow disappearance. 2. A dropping 
out of something a little at a time 
from a bundle. 

Hanuunuu (ha'-nu'u-nu'u), v. 1. To 
fade; to disappear from sight 
gradually. 2. To disappear a little 
at a time. 

Hao (ha'o), adj. 1. Iron-like; rig- 
orous; hard; solid; partaking of 
the nature of hao wood. 2. 
Strained; tight; rigid: hao na po- 

Hao (ha'-o), n. 1. A robber; a plun- 
derer. 2. Any hard substance, as 
iron, the horn or hoof of a beast. 
3. A small milky tree (Rauwolfia 
sandwicensis). It is from 10 to 
20 feet high. 4. The wood of 
the hao tree. 




Hao (ha'-o), v. 1. To rob; to de- 
spoil; to strip one of property; to 
plunder. 2. To kill and plunder. 

3. To strip one of his garment; to 
take little by little; to collect to- 

Hao ke Koolau, pau na mea aloha, 
Koolau was robbed of all endeared things. 
Ahu iho ka pua wahawa 1 Wailua, 
The despised blossoms were collected 
together at Wailua. 

(It was formerly the practice of 
the chiefs to punish offenders for 
all offenses less than those pun- 
ishable by death, by stripping 
them entirely of their property. 
This practice continued until the 
people had a written code of laws.) 

4. To put less things into a great- 
er. 5. To put into. 6. To take up 
and put into. 7. To take up by 
handfuls. 8. To take out or up 
with the hands or with an imple- 
ment. See haohao. 

Hao (ha'o), v. 1. To wonder at; to 
be astonished. (Haohao is gen- 
erally used.) 2. To be thin; to be 
poor in flesh: wiwi, emi iho ke 
kino a olala. Syn: Olala. 

Haoa (ha'-6-a), adj. Hot; burning 
hot, as the sun: wela loa; e na 
hoa o ka la nui haoa o ua kula 
nei, E imi mua kakou i ka pono o 
ka naau; O companions of the 
great burning sun of the high 
school, etc. 

Haoa (ha'-6-a), n. 1. The fierce 
burning heat of summer. (See 
Laieik. p. 119.) 2. Vomit. 3. 
Sourness of the stomach; heart- 
burn. 3. Nausea; propensity to 

Haoa (ha'-6-a). v. [Contraction of 
haoia, passive of hao.] 1. To be 
taken as by an enemy; to be 
taken by violence. 2. To be given 
up, as to an enemy. 

Haoapuhi (ha'-oa'-pu'-hi), n. Among 
fishermen, the stick used with a 
hook in catching eels. 

Haoe (ha'-o'e), v. To be uneven, as 
points of a substance; to rise one 
above another: haoe na ale o 
Hopoe i ka ino; the waves of 
Hopoe stand up, are erect in the 

Onini ke kal o Keaaii, he makani, 
Haoe na ale o Hopoe i ka ino. 

Haoeoe (ha'-o'e-o'e), adj. 1. Uneven, 
as points which stick up, or as 
waves of the sea: haoeoe na ale 
o ke kai. 2. Uneven in rank, as 

men running where some are be- 
fore and some behind; haoeoe na 
kanaka e holo mai la. 

Haoeoe (ha'-o'e-o'e), v. [Reduplica- 
tion of haoe, to be uneven.] 

Haohao (ha'o-ha'o), adj. Soft; ten- 
der; not coarse; milky (applied 
only to the meat of a young coco- 
nut) : He ono ka wai o ka niu 
haohao; the milk of the tender 
coconut is sweet. 

Haohao (ha'o-ha'o), n. Disappoint- 
ment; doubt; uncertainty. (See 
Laieik. p. 105.) 

Haohao (ha'o-ha'o), v. 1. To doubt; 
to discredit. 2. To be troubled in 
accountng for an event. 3. To be 
restless; sleeple-ss at night: hao- 
hao hoi keia po o'u, aole wau i 
moe iki. Laieik. p. 198. 4. To 
marvel; to wonder; to be aston- 
ished. 5. To be in doubt respect- 
ing one's character: haohao hewa, 
to think or design evil. 

Haohao (ha'o-ha'o), v. 1. To dis- 
tribute; to give equally to many: 
e haawi like me ka puunawe; to 
divide and assign in just propor- 
tion. 2. To dip or scoop up with 
the hands. 3, To measure by 

Haohaoa (ha'o-ha'-o'a), adj. Rough 
with the scoria of a volcano. See 
haoeoe, adj. 

Haohaoa (ha'o-ha'-o'a), n. (Written 
also haoaoa.) 1. Places so cov- 
ered with broken lava that one 
cannot walk on them: kapu ma ka 
haoa ka haohaoa lani. 2. Melted 
rock thrown up by a volcano. 

Haohaoalani (hao'-hao'-a-la'-ni), n. 
(Written also haoaoalani.) A word 
describing the reverence and af- 
fection formerly felt by the people 
for their chiefs: he kuhau lalapa 
o ke kapu la. 

Haohaona (ha'o-ha'-o'-na), n. Affec- 
tion; remembrance. 

Haohaona (ha'o-ha'-o'-na), v. T. To 
remember with affection; to spring 
up in the mind, as love for a 
friend. 2. To be remembered by 
one who is absent. 

Haokanu (ha'o-ka'-nu), n. A seed 
bed; a plot of ground in a garden 
prepared for planting seeds. 

Haokanu (ha'o-ka'-nu), v. To pre- 
pare a seed bed. 

Haokea (ha'o-ke'a), n. A variety of 




Haokilou (ha'o-ki'-lo'u), n, [Hao, 
iron, and kilou, hook.] An iron 

Haole (ha'-6'-le), adj. 1. White: he 
keokeo; ina i keokeo ka hulu o ka 
puaa a puni, he haole ia puaa; he 
puaa haole. 2. Foreign; belong- 
ing to another country. 

Haole (ha'-5-le), n. 1. A person with 
a white skin; hence, a foreigner; 
but Hawaiians say haole eleele for 
negro. 2. A person from a for- 
eign country; an alien, especially 
one of Anglo-Saxon stock. (The 
foreigners who arrived first in the 
islands were white persons.) 

Haolillil (ha'o-li'i-Ii'i), v. [Hao, to 
take up or out of and put into, 
and Mi Mi, little as to quantity.] To 
remove or displace a little at a 
time; to take out of and put into 
little by little, as in handfuls. 

Haomanamana (ha'o-ma'-na-ma'-na). 
n. [Hao, iron, and manamana, di- 
vided.] A gridiron; so called from 
the divided irons. 

Haona (ha-o'-na), n. 1. Name of 
certain calabashes for cooked food. 
2. A receptacle, or repository. 

Haowaha (ha'o-wa'-ha), n. [Hao, 
iron, and waha, mouth.] A bridle 

Haowale (ha'o-wa'-le), n. [Hao, to 
rob, and wale, without cause.] 
Robbery; a taking of another's 
property without right. 

Haowale (ha'o-wa'-le), v. To rob 
ruthlessly, cruelly or without pity. 

Hapa (ha'-pa), n. An indefinite part 
of a thing; a few; a small part; 
sometimes a half. 

Hapa (ha'-pa), v. To be diminished; 
to be made less; to be partly 

Hapaha (ha'-pa-ha'), n. [Hapa, part, 
and ha, four.] 1. A fourth part of 
a thing; a quarter. 2. Twenty- 
five cents, or a quarter of a dollar. 

Hapahapai (ha'-pa-ha'-pa'i), v. 1. To 
lift or toss up, as a child. 2. To 
throw upward by hand. 

Hapa I (ha'-pa'i), adj. Pregnant, aa 
a female: kou hapa! ana, thy con- 

Hapai (ha'-pai), n. Pregnancy. 

Hapal (ha'-pa'i), v. 1. To lift up; 
to elevate; to take up; to carry. 
2. To raise the hands, as in taking 
an oath. 3. To honor; to praise; 
to exalt for past deeds; to recom- 
pense. 4. With pu, to lift to- 

gether; to act together. 5. To 
take up, that is, commence, begin; 
to do the first act in a course. 
6. To conceive, as a female; to 
become pregnant. 

Hapakolu (ha'-pS-ko'-lu), n. [Hapa 
and kolu, three.] A third part of 
a thing. 

Hapakue (ha'-pS-ku'e), adj. 1. 
Crooked; deformed; crfppled. 2. 
Stammering; hesitating in speech. 

Hapakue (ha'-p^-ku'e), v. 1. To be 
uncertain of; to be irresolute. 2. 
To be deformed in the legs and 
feet. 3. To be deformed; to be 
crippled. 4. To stammer or be 
slow in speech: ma ka olelo a na 
elemakule, ua lohi ke kamailio 
ana, hapakue ka waha i ka olelo. 

Hapakui (ha'-pa-ku'-i), v. (Obso- 
lete.) To stammer. See hapakue. 

Hapala (ha'-pa'-la), v. 1. To defile 
or disfigure by daubing; to be- 
smear. 2. To daub; to paint. 3. 
To plaster with lime. 

Hapale (ha'-pa'-le), n. [Ha, a 
trough, and pale, to shove or push 
away.] A contrivance for carry- 
ing off or removing anything. 
Also called oopale, hence kopala, 
shovel or trowel. 

Hapalima (ha'-pS-li'-ma), n. [Hapa, 
part, and lima, five.] One-fiflh; a 
fifth part of a thing. 

Hapalua (ha'-pa-lu'-a), n. [Hapa, 
part, and lua, two.] 1. One-half. 
2. A half dollar. 

Hapapa (ha'-pa'-pa), adj. 1. Shal- 
low, as earth above the rock; 
shoal, as shoal water; not deeply 
planted, as seed: o kahi hapapa i 
ulu ole a mae koke. 2. Superfi- 
cial; not profound. 

Hapapa (ha'-pil'-pa), n. 1. A stratum 
of rock covered with thin earth; 
a stony place. 2. A place where 
the water is not deep; a shoal. 

Hapapapa (ha'-pa-pa'-pa), n. and adj. 
Same as hapapa. 

Hapauea (ha'-pa'u-e'a), adj. Want- 
ing in strength; debilitated by rea- 
son of age. 

Hapauea (ha'-pa'u-e'a), n. 1. Feeble- 
ness from age. 2. One who is 
weakened or exhausted by age. 

Hapauea (ha'-pa'u-e'a), v. To be 
feeble from age. 

Hapaumf (ha'-pa-u'-mi), n. [Hapa, 
a half or a part, and umi, ten.] 
1. A tenth part; a tithe. 2. Er- 
roneously used formerly by Ha- 




waiians to mean a small coin, six 
and a quarter cents, which is not 
a hapaumi of any known coin. 3. 
In modern times, a five-cent piece. 

Hapaupau (ha'-pa'u-pa'u), adj. 1. Be- 
smeared; dirty; as glass, furni- 
ture, etc: ua hapaupau ke aniani, 
ua hapaupau ka papa, e holoi ae. 
2. Filled or clouded with dust. 

Hapawale (ha'-pa-wa'-le), n. [Hapa 
and wale, only.] A part; a few; a 
small portion. 

Hapawalu (ha'-pa-wa'-lu), n. [Hapa 
and walu, eight.] 1. The eighth 
part of a thing. 2. Twelve and a 
half cents. 

Hape (ha'-pe), adj. (Obsolete.) In- 
corre-ct; faulty; inaccurate. 

Hapopo (ha'-po'-p6'), adj. Dim- 
sighted; almost blind; blear-eyed, 
as one who cannot see clearly: 
hapopo ka maka. 

Hapopo (ha'-po'-po'), n. The begin- 
ning of obscure vision. 

Hapopo (ha'-p6'-po'), v. To be al- 
most blind; to have dim vision. 

Hapou (ha'-po'u), n. Soft porous 
stones, used for smoothing and 
polishing. Syn: Olai. 

Hapoupou (ha'-p5'u-pou), adj. Low; 

Hapoupou (ha'-po'u-pou), v. To be 
short; to be low in stature. 

Hapuku (ha'-pu'-ku), v. 1. To gather 
up everything; to collect indis- 
criminately good and bad; to 
scrape together. 2. To be crowded 
together, as thoughts in the mind: 
pilikia iho la oloko, hapuku, ha- 
puku mai la ka manao ana. 

Hapukuohiohi (ha'-pu'-kii-6'-hi-6'-hi), 
n. Foolish, nonsensical talk. 

Hapukuohiohi (ha'-pu'-ku-6'-hi-6'-hi), 
V. To speak foolishly; to talk 
nonsense: ma ka hapukuohiohi 
ana paha a ka waha me ua poe 
Kauai la. 

Hapuna (ha'-pu'-na), n. 1. A shal- 
low spring which furnishes clear 
water. 2. A pool of water fed by 
a spring. 

Hapuu (ha'-pu'u), adj. Many; 
abounding; plenteous. 

Hapuu (ha'-pu'u), n. 1. A species of 
tree fern, (Cibotium chamissoi 
and C. glaucum.) Trunks have 
been seen of 16 or more feet in 
height. The soft flossy wool at 
the foot of the leaf stalks is 
known as pulu. Also called the 
pulu fern. 2. The tender shoots 

of the hapuu fern. 3. A goddess 
of necromancy. 

Hapuu (ha'-pu'u), v. To be many; 
to be thick together; to abound. 

Hapuuhee (ha'-pu'u-he'e), n. Young 

or infant squid. 
' Hapuupuu (ha'-pu'u-pu'u), adj. Ob- 
scure; not easily perceived. 

Hapuupuu (ha'-pu'u-pu'u), n. A spe- 
cies of grouper. (Epinephelus 
quernus.) A rather scarce fish; 
color, nearly uniform, dark pur- 
plish brown. Resembles the Oopu- 
okuhekuhe. Known also as hapuu 
and oopuhapuu. 

Hapuupuu (ha'-pu'u-pu'u), v. 1. To 
be choked or suffocated in the 
attempt to swallow hard food: He 
paakiki ka ai, e hapuupuu ana au; 
the food is hard, I shall be choked. 

2. To be hesitating or indefinite in 
speech: Ua hapuupuu kana olelo, 
aole akaka; his words are indef- 
inite; it is not clear. 3. To be 
obscured: Ua hapuupuu Hilo i ka 
ua Kanilehua; Hilo is obscured by 
the Kanilehua rain. 

Hare (ha'-re), n. [Eng.] A hare. 
Lev. 11:6. 

Hau (ha'u), n. 1. The land breeze 
that blows at night; he^ce, any 
cool breeze: he hau kekahi ma- 
kani mauka mai, ua manao ia mai 
loko mai o ke kuahiwi kela ma- 
kani. (This word has several 
forms. It usually takes ke for its 
article instead of ka; but the ke 
is sometimes united with it, and 
then it becomes kehau. This, how- 
ever, requires a new article, which 
would be ke, ke kehau; but this 
article also sometimes adheres to 
the noun, and thus requires a new 
article still; hence the different 
forms of the word: hau, kehau, 
and ke kehau, all of which take 
corresponding articles. 2. Ancient 
name of a very gentle and hardly 
perceptible inland current of air 
in the evening and early morn- 
ing; known also as kehau, sup- 
posed to indicate the dew point. 

3. Dew; dew-drops. 4. The gen- 
eral name of snow, ice, frost, cold 
dew, etc: i hoomanawanui ai hoi 
kaua i ka hau huihui o ke kaka- 
hiaka, when we two also per- 
severed in the cold frost of the 
morning; hau paa, hoar frost. 5. 
A soft porous stone used for 
smoothing and polishing cala- 




bashes. 6. A fr€«ly branching 
tree. (Paritium tiliaceum). Very 
common along the coast. Two 
species were known to Hawaiians, 
kaekae (light) and koii (heavy or 
hard). The light wood served for 
outriggers of canoes; the bark, 
tough and pliable, was used in 
making rope. See hau-kuahiwi. 

Hau (ha'u), n. 1. The snorting 
sound which an angry animal 
makes in attacking. 2. A kind of 
dance, also called hula alaapapa. 
See alaapapa. 

Hau (ha'u), v. 1. To swallow 
smoke; to gulp down smoke. 
2. To inhale through the mouth; 
to snuff up, as the wind. 3. To 
snort, as a horse. 4. To indulge 
in vain boasting; to brag. 

Haua (ha'u-a), n. A blow with the 
hand, fist, club, etc. 

Haua (ha'u-a), v. 1. To whip; to 
apply stripes to one. 2. To chas- 
tise. See hahau. 

Hauapu (ha'u-a'-pu), n. (Obsolete.) 
See haupu. 

Haueka (ha'u-e'-ka), v. [Hau, par- 
ticiple, and eka, filthy.] To be 
defiled with smut; to be filthy; 
unclean. Syn: Hauke. 

Haueli (ha'u-e'-li), n. [Hau, frost, 
snow, ice, and eli, to dig.] The 
native Glauber salts which are 
dug up out of caverns in the rocks 
on the island of Hawaii. 

Hauhau (ha'u-ha'u), adj. Cold; ap- 
plied to food that has become 

Hauhau (ha'u-ha'u), v. 1. To lay 
stones in a wall. 2. To build with 
stones. Syn: Uhau. 3. To strike; 
to smite; to beat. See hahau. 4. 
To tap; to rap lightly with rapid 

Hauhauna (ha'u-ha'u-na), adj. Be- 
ginning to smell ; offensive, applied 
to an odor. 

Hauhili (ha'u-hi'-li). adj. 1. Un- 
bound; loose; not tied fast. 2. 
Diverging from the straight path; 
blundering; false; not to be de- 
pended on for truth. 

Hauhili (ha'u-hi'-li), n. Carelessness 
in doing a thing: no ka mikioi o 
ka hana, aole no ka hauhili, for 
the niceness of the work, not for 
the slovenliness. 

Hauhili (ha'u-hi'-li), v. 1. To tie a 
bundle loosely; to wind a cord 
around a number of things in a 

loose manner. 2. To go astray; 
to wander, as one who loses the 
Haul (ha'-u'i), n. 1. A mythological 
character conspicuous in Hawaiian 
tradition. Haul was said to be the 
first of Hawaii's aliis, or chiefs, 
and a demi-god: 

Haul ka lani, he alii kiekie. 
Haul is the lani (highest), a distinguished 
' He Inimu alii, he Icumu akua. 

Begetter of chiefs, origin of the gods. 

I 2. The title of a chief, as a noble. 

I a descendant of kings. 
Haukae (ha'u-ka'e), adj. 1. Slovenly; 
foul; unclean. 2. Impure; wicked. 

I Haukae (ha'u-ka'e), n. 1. Filthi- 

I ness; carelessness. 2. A filthy or 
careless person; a sloven. 3. A 

I mean fellow. 4. A babbler; a 
trifling talker. 

! Haukae (ha'u-ka'e), v. 1. To be de- 

j faced. 2. To be blotted out. 3. To 
be squandered. 4. To behave 

I shamefully. See hookae. 5. To do 

I a thing carelessly: ina e hauhili 
a haukae ka oukou hana, if you 
do your work in a slovenly and 

1 careless manner. 6. To be un- 

I clean in appearance. 

I Haukai (ha'u-ka'i), v. Incorrect form 

I of haukae; to erase, blot out and 

■ Haukamumu (ha'u-ka'-mu'-mu), n. 
[Hau, participle, and kamumu, a 

j rustling sound.] 1. The confused 

I noise of a multitude: ua uhiia 
kona leo e ka haukamumu leo o 
ka aha; his voice was drowned by 
the confused noises of the multi- 
tude. (See Laieik. p. 22.) 2. The 
low or indistinct conversation of 
two persons. (See Laieik. p. 80); 
Haukau (ha'u-ka'u), n. A choppy 

' sea. 

I Haukauka (ha'-u'-ka-u'-ka), n. (Also 
written haukeuke.) 1. A ring- 

! worm. 2. A species of sea egg re- 

I sembling the ina. 
Hauke (hau'-ke), n. [Abreviation of 

haukeuke.] The sea-egg. 
Hauke (ha'-u'-ke), n. 1. Searching or 
hunting with the fingers. 2. Hunt- 
ing or searching for lice: ka 
haule ana i ka uku poo. 
Hauke (ha'-u'-ke), v. To search 
with the fingers. 

j Haukea (ha'u-ke'a), n. [Hau, snow, 

I and kea, white.] The white snow; 




the whiteness of snow: ka haukea 
o Maunakea. 

Haukeke (ha'u-ke'-ke), adj. Cold; 
shivering with cold. 

Haukeke (ha'u-ke'-ke), n. A shiver- 
ing with the* cold. 

Haukeke (ha'u-ke'-ke), v. 1. To 
shiver with the cold. 2. To be 
contracted with cold, as the 
muscles: haukeke mai ana ka 
lehelehe, minomino na lima, eleele 
ka lihilihi; the lips quivered with 
the cold, the hands were wrinkled, 
dark were the eyebrows. 3. To be 
painfully cold. 

Haukeuke (ha'-u-ke-u-ke), n. 1. A 
small crustacean resembling the 
ina or sea egg. 2. A crustacean 
a little larger than the ina and 
found only on the wet rocks be- 
tween low and high water mark. 
3. Ringworm, similar to the ane: 
haukeuke, he ane, he mea e pili 
ana ma ka ili o ke kanaka, ua like 
me ke kane. 

Haukeuke (ha'-u-ke'-uke), v. To 
click together rapidly as the 
teeth; to clatter. 

Haulalapa (ha'u-la-la'-pa), n. The 
ascending blaze of a large fire. 

Haulani (ha'u-la'-ni), adj. Uneasy; 
seeking freedom from restraint; 
restive: he mauli haulani. 

Haulani (ha'u-la'-ni), v. 1. To plunge, 
as a canoe. 2. To be restless in 
one's grasp; to squirm: e oni. 3. 
To try to free one's self when 
held fast. 

Haulaula (ha'-u'-ia-u'-la), adj. Pink; 

Haulaula (ha'-u'-la-u'-la), n. Pink; 

Haulaula (ha'-u'-lS,-u'-la), v. To be 
a little red: a haulaula ka waha 
i ka laau. See ula, red. 

Haule (ha'-u'-le), adj. Lost; dropped: 
kekahi mea haule. 
fall from a perpendicular state; 

Haule (ha'u-le), v. 1. To fall; to 
to stumble. 2. To come upon one, 
as an emotion. 3. To come to or 
arrive at a place. 4. To encamp: 
a haule lakou i Kailua. 5. To 
become void. 6. To lack. 7. To 
fail. 8. To be wanting. 9. To fall 
dead. 10. To fail in coming to 
pass or to be fulfilled, as a prom- 
ise. 11. To fall, as in moral or 
religious character. 

Haulena (ha'u-le'-na), n. [Contracted 
from haule ana.] A falling, that 
is, whatever falls; a gleaning. 

Haul! (ha'-u'-li), adj. 1. Dark; 
swarthy; tawny. 2. Shadowing; 

Hauli (ha'-u'-li), n. 1. Dark or 
brown in color. Anything of a 
dark color; the dark shadow of an 
object; dark clouds; the deep blue 
sky. See uli. 2. A stain upon 
a person's character: ka hauli o 
ka mea hewa ole, e nalowale ia; 
the stain upon a person's char- 
acter without fault will vanish. 

Hauli (ha'-u'-li), v. To be dark in 

Hauliull (ha'-u'-li-u'-li), n. The snake 
mackerel, (Lemnisoma thyrsi- 
toides.) A rare deep-sea fish, 
color dark metallic blue, attains a 
length of three feet and over. 
Known also as hauliulipuhi. 

Hauliuli (ha'-u'-li-u'-li), v. [Inten- 
sive of hauli.] 1. To be dark, etc. 
2. To be in a slight state of com- 
motion; applied to the rippling of 
the sea when the wind begins to 

Haumakaiole (ha'u-ma'-ka-i-o'-le), n. 
Extreme old age, when the eyes 
are dim, the steps totter, and the 
breath is short. 

Haumana (ha'u-ma'-na), n. A stu- 
dent; an apprentice; a disciple. 

Haumana (ha'u-ma'-na), v. 1. To be 
a disciple of; to be an adherent 
or follower; to be a pupil. 2. To 
receive from another's mouth, that 
is, to receive knowledge. (Refers 
to the custom of feeding from the 

Haumanumanu (ha'u-ma'-nu-ma'-nu), 
adj. 1. Full of holes, cracks or 
crevices. 2. Defaced; having an 
unsightly appearance. 

Haumea (ha'u-me-a), n. One of sev- 
eral names of Papa, wife of Wa- 
kea and mother -of Hawaii's war 
god, Kekaua-kahi, and of Pele. 

Haumia (ha'u-mi'-a), adj. Unclean; 
impure ; filthy. 

Haumia (ha'u-mi'-a), n. 1. Defile- 
ment, ceremonial or physical. 2. 
Moral deviation from the right. 

Haumia (ha'u-mi'-a), v. To be de- 
filed; to be polluted; to be either 
morally, physically or ceremonially 

Hauna (ha'u-na), adj. 1. Offensive 
to the smell, stinking. 2. Having 




the odor of flesh beginning to 
spoil; tainted (refers to meat). 

Hauna (ha'u-na), n. 1. The smell 
of tainted meat or fish. 2. The 
process of mending a net. 

Hauna (ha'u-na), n. A striking; a 
firm stroke with the hand, as in 
playing kilu and other games. 

Hauna (ha'u-na), v. To patch or 
mend a net. 

Haunaele (ha'u-na-e'-le), n. 1. The 
excitement and disturbance of war. 

2. Any popular commotion or dis- 

Haunaele (ha'u-na'-e-le), v. 1. To 
flee in war. 2. To suffer the con- 
sequences of such flight; that is, 
to forsake houses, homes, and 
the general loss of all comforts. 

3. To be in confusion, as in a mob 
or general disobedience to laws. 

4. To be in doubt or perplexity of 

Haunama (ha'u-na'-ma), n. A very 
slight offensive odor, much less 
than hauna: he wahi maea uuku. 
See hauna. 

Hauoiao (ha'u-o-i'-ao), n. The han- 
dles attached to a small net used 
in taking the iao fish. 

Hauoki (ha'u-o'-ki), n. A medicine 
made from the bark of the hau 
tree. It is given to women in 
labor. 2. A kind of palsy or per- 
haps stiffness of the limbs, as 
when one is chilled with cold, or 
when one has been long in the 

Hauole (ha'u-o'-le), adj. [Hau, frost, 
dew, etc., and ole, not.] Without 
dew, as a barren place. 

Hauoli (ha'u-o'-li), adj. Joyous; 

Hauoli (ha'u-o'-li), n. Joy; rejoic- 
ing; gladness. 

Hauoli (ha'u-o'-li), v. [Hau and oil, 
to sing.] To be glad; to rejoice; 
to express joy by singing. 

Hauolioli (ha'u-o'-li-o'-li), v. Incor- 
rect form of hauoli; to rejoice. 

Hauomalolo (ha'u-o'-ma'-16-lo), n. 
The two sticks attached to the 
net which is used in taking fly- 
ing fish. 

Hauopo (ha'u-o'-po), n. What is put 
together in good order; a good, 
well finished work. 

Hauopo (ha'u-o'-po), v. (Obsolete.) 
To lay in good order, as stones in 
a wall; to stand evenly: he wahi 
i nini, i kumanoia a maikai. 

Haupa (ha'u-pa), v. 1. To eat 
much; to swell up, as from over- 
eating. 2. To be greedy in eat- 
ing; to eat ravenously. 3. To 
open and shut, as the jaws in eat- 
ing fast. Syn: Upa. 

Haupeepee (ha'u-pe'e-pe'e), v. To 
play hide and seek: e peepee 

Haupia (ha'u-pi'a), n. Arrow-root 
and coconut milk mixed together 
and baked for food. 

Haupia ha'u-pi'a), v. To mix ar- 
row-root, pia, and coconut for bak- 

Haupo (hau'-po), n. The pit of the 
stomach. Syn: Houpo. 

Haupu (ha'-u'-pu), n. Sudden ex- 
citement of thought or of the 
passions. (This word was for- 
merly used in a moral philosophy 
for the conscience, or the internal 
monitor: o ka mea i nanea palaka 
ka haupu, alalia aole e ole kona 
hewa. Later lunamanao was 
used.) The modern word is lunai- 

Haupu (ha'-u'-pu), v. 1. To rise up, 
as the affections or passions. 2. 
To come to sudden recollection of; 
to call to mind. 3. To suffer with 
anxiety; to be much excited or 
moved; ua haupu honua ae la ka 
makaula; the prophet was much 
excited. (See Laieik. p. 157.) 

Haupuu (ha'u-pu'u), n. A bunion- 
like enlargement on the joints. 
Syn: Oha-ku-lai. 

Haupuupu (ha'-u'-pu-u'-pu), n. Same 
as haupu, a calling to mind. 

Haupuupu (ha'-u'-pu-u'-pu), v. To 
call to mind. 

Haupuupuu (ha'u-pu'u-pu'u), adj. 
Bumpy; uneven, as heaps of salt 
in the salt-pits. 

Haupuupuu (ha'u-pu'u-pu'u), n. A 
disease of the joints which de^ 
velopes nodules or little bone-like 
knots on the joints of the fingers, 
wrists and toes. See haupuu. 

Haupuupuu (ha'u-pu'u-pu'u), v. To 
be troubled with the disease hau- 

Hauupu (hau-u'-pu), n. 1. Suspicion. 
2. Conjecture. 3. Imagination of 
something good or evil. 

Hauwalaau (ha'u-wa'-la-a'u), v. 1. 
To gabble where all talk and none 
hear. 2. To get into confusion, 
as an assembly disagreeing in 
opinion: alalia hauwalaau loa ae la 




ka lehulehu; then the multitude 
fell into great confusion. See wa- 

Hauwalawalaau (ha'u-wa'-la-wa'-la- 
au), n, 1. Noise, as of many talk- 
ing at once without cause or 
meaning. See hauwalaau. 2. Mere 
gabbling without cause: make ka 
alii o Nunu ma Koolau, kahaha 
kahi poe, i mai kanaka, he hau- 
walawalaau wale no, when the 
chief Nunu died at Koolau, some 
were astonished, but the people 
said there was nothing but a great 
talk. See walaau. 

Hauwanaoa (ha'u-wa'-na-o'a), v. To 
be uneven in height; to have an 
irregular surface; to project one 
above another. 

Hauwawa (ha'u-wa'-wa'), n. Confu- 
sion; discordant sound, as a mul- 
titude all talking at once. 

Hauwawa (ha'u-wa'-wa), v. To talk 
in vain, confusedly or in disorder. 
Se-e wawa. 

Hawa (ha'-wa), v. [Obsolete.] To 
be daubed with excrements; to be 
defiled; to be unclean. 

Hawae (ha'-wa'e), n. A species of 
white sea-egg differing from the 
wana (sea-egg) in that it has no 

Hawaekainui (ha'-wa'e-ka'i-nu'l), adj. 
1. Awkward, as in diving and 
spattering the water much; ha- 
waekainui ke kanaka i ka luu. 2. 
Not neat or expert in aquatic 
games; unskillful in marine sports. 

Hawaewae (ha'-wa'e-wa'e), n. A spe- 
cies of very small Crustacea re- 
sembling the lobster, usually found 
in the shell of a dead wana or 

Hawahawa (ha'-wa-ha'-wa), adj. 
[Hawa, defiled.] Filthy; dirty; 
especially with such dirt as sticks. 

Hawa! (ha'-wa'i), adj. Pertaining to 
the place or work of steaming 
food in an oven. 

Hawa! (ha'-wa'i), n. 1. The water 
which is used to pour over an 
oven to generate steam. 2. A 
trough or pipe for holding or con- 
veying water. 

Hawai (ha'-wa'i), v. 1. To pour 
water on an oven when heated to 
generate steam. 2. [Obsolete.] To 
dash water over one to purify or 
cleanse after pollution. The mod- 
ern word is pikai. 

Hawaii (ha'-wai'-i), n. The largest 
island of the Territory of Hawaii, 
which gives the name to the 
group. Prom time immemorial 
the people have called themselves 
"ko Hawaii," and the islands "ka 
pae aina o Hawaii," "na moku 
Hawaii," etc. (The name appears 
in several of the Polynesian dia- 

Hawaiiakea (ha'-wai'-ia-ke'a), n. 
Broad or large Hawaii: i kane na 
ke kaikamahine alii o Hawaiiakea. 
Laieik. p. 168. 

Hawale (ha'-wa'-le), n. 1. Deceitful 
language. 2. Idle talk without re- 
gard to the truth. 

Hawale (ha'-wa'-le), v. To speak 

Hawaii (ha'-wa'-li), n. (Written also 
hawaliwali.) 1. A rank growth of 
vegetation surrounding a pond, or 
along a water course. 2. The 
snake mackerel; also called hau- 

Ha wan a (ha'-wa'-na), v. [Contrac- 
tion of hawanawana.] To whis- 
per; to speak in a low voice. 

Hawanawana (ha'-wa'-na-wa'-na), n. 
1. A whisper; whispering. 

Hawanawana (ha-wa'-na-wa'-na), v. 
1. To whisper: A huki iho la ia 
ia, 6 hawanawana i kona pe- 
peiao, he pulled him towards him- 
self to whisper in his ear. Syn: 
hawana. 2. To plot against one. 

Hawane (ha'-wa'-ne), n. The fruit 
of the loulu tree; the fruit is eat- 
able; its leaf made into hats. 

Ha wawa (ha'-wa'-wa'), adj. Awk- 
ward; unskillful; lacking knowl- 
edge of how to do or act. 

Hawawa (ha'-wa'-wa'), n. 1. Awk- 
wardness; clumsiness. 2. An un- 
skilled person; one lacking in ex- 
perience or knowledge. 

Hawawa (ha-wa'-wa'), v. To be 
awkward; to be unskillful. 

Hawele (ha'-we'-le), n. 1. A tying 
on; a binding on. 2. The thong 
or strap with which the tying is 

Hawele (ha'-we'-le), v. 1. To tie or 
lash on with a cord. 2. To en- 
circle with flexile straps; to gird 
on. 3, To fasten or draw together 
the straps or strings which se- 
cure a burden or a garment. 

Hawena (ha'-we'-na), n. A white 
clay hair dressing mixed with 
juice from the root of the ti plant. 




It turned the hair gray or white 
and gave it a showy luster. 

Hawewe (ha'-we-we), n. A rustling 
indistinct sound; a slight rumb- 
ling sound. 

Hawewe (ha'-we'-we), v. To rustle; 
to cause a clattering noise. See 

He (he). The indefinite article A. 
Prefixed to a noun it signifies one. 

He (he), n. 1. The pile or mound 
overa grave. 2, The larva that 
eats the leaves of the coconut and 
the palm-leaf pandanus. Also 
called kakani, a small insect which 
lives on the outside of leaves and 
fruit. 3. A weapon used in war; 
he laau i hanaia i he kaua. 
(Called he from the hissing sound 
created when wielded in fighting.) 
See Laaupalau. 4. Noise caused 
by rushing wind or water: He, he 
o ka makani Kauaula kau i lohe 
iho nei; I've heard the swish of 
the Kauaula (a wind peculiar to 
the ravines of west Maui). 

He (he), v. 1. To utter a continu- 
ous swishing or murmuring sound, 
as running water, or soughing of 
the wind through the tree tops. 
2. To scrape; to rub over the sur- 
face with something that removes 
roughness, or polishes. 

Hea (he'-a), adj. 1. Misty; clouded; 
obscure; smoky. 2. Reddish; in- 
flamed; bloody. 

Hea (he'-a), n. 1. A call; a cry. 
2. A public recitation of the many 
names and achievements of dis- 
tinguished persons. 3. A cold 
mist-like rain peculiar to the Kona 
districts on Hawaii: He ua, hea. 
See ua, konahea and kona. 

Hea (he'a), n. 1. Sore eyes; in- 
flamed eyes. 2. A red color, as 
of blood. 3. An ancient Hawaiian 
practice to determine who was to 
be the human sacrifice. On the 
eighth day of the dedication cere- 1 
monies of a heiau, or temple, a ; 
baked hog was to be eaten. Should j 
any one be unable to eat all of his 
portion he was immediately sacri- 1 
ficed. The hog itself was called 
puaa hea, bloody pig. 

Hea (he'-a), an interrogative pro- 
noun and adverb. Which? what? 
where? when? referring to place, 
where; ka hale hea? what or 
which house? ka manawa hea? 
when? what time? etc. 

Hea (he'-a), v. 1. To call; to give 
a name to. Syn: Kapa. 2. To 
call to one; to call one. Syn: 
Kahea. 3. To sing or recite a 
mele: ina ku ke kanaka i ka hea 
mele ana, if any man stand up for 
reciting a mele. 

Hea (he'a), v. 1. To sacrifice hu- 
man life by means of the hea. 2. 
To be blear-eyed. 3. To be red or 
sore, as inflamed eyes. 4. To be 
stained or colored red; to redden. 

Heaha (he'-a'-ha), adv. [He, a, and 
aha, what. A what?] What, an 
interrogative adverb denoting a 

Heaha (he'-a'-ha), v. To ask what; 
what is it: heaha mai la kekahi, 
heaha ia; a certain person asked 
what is it? See aha. 

Heahea (he'a-he'-a), adj. 1. Mod- 
erately warm; tepid. 2. Insipid; 
not pleasing to the taste. 

Heahea (he'a-he'a), v. [Redup. of 
hea.] 1. To call; to call fre- 
quently; to call out. 2. To call 
for help. 3. To call in; to wel- 

Heahea (he'-a-he'-a), v. [Redupl. of 
hea, to redden.] 1. To imprint 
with spots. 2. To stain, especially 
with red. 3. To be smeared, as 
with red dirt. 

Heaheaia (he'-a-he'-aia), n. 1. A 
calling: a voice calling: aole nae 1 
loaa ka heaheaia mai. Laieik. p. 
91. 2. A welcoming. 

Heahio (he/-a-hi'-o), adj. Lazy; loit- 
ering; dilatory. 

Heahio (he'-a-hi'-o), n. [He, the ar- 
ticle, and ahio, contraction for 
puahio, to come and go suddenly.] 
A shirker, one who avoids a call 
to work; one who comes to a 
task and suddenly disappears. 

Heana (he'-a'-na), n. 1. The corpse 
of one slain in battle. 2. A car- 
cass of any animal. 

Heau (he'-a'u), n. Name of the 
place where fishermen set the 
basket in catching fish; the place 
was artificially built; alalia kukulu 
hou i mau heau ma ka hema o ka 

Hebedoma (he'-be-do'-ma), n. [Gr.] 
1. A week. 2. Seven years. 

Hebera (he-be'-ra), adj. Hebrew. 

Hebcra (he-be'-ra), n. A Hebrew, 
one of the descendants of Abra- 




Hee (he'e), n. 1. A flowing, as of 
liquid. 2. The menses. 3. A flight, 
as of a routed army. 4. The 
squid, so-called from his slippery- 

Hee (he'e), v. 1. To melt; to run 
or flow, as a liquid. 2. To slip or 
glide along. 3. To ride on a surf- 
board. (See Laieik. p. 91.) Syn: 

. Heenalu. 4. To flee; to flee 
through fear: ke kaua ana, O ka 
poe i hee, makau lakou. 5. To be 
dispersed in battle. 6. To melt or 
soften (applied figuratively to the 
heart). 7. Imperatively: hee aku 
paha, be off; go about your 
business. (In this imperative 
sense it is perhaps a contraction 
for hele.) 

Heehe (he-e'-he), v. To bleat, as a 

Heehee (he'e-he'e). Incorrect spell- 
ing of hehee. 

Heehia (he'e-hi'a). Incorrect form 
of eehia. 

Heeholua (he'e-ho'-lii'-a), n. [Hee, 
to glide along, and holua, a small 
light frame on runners, similar to 
a sled, upon which the ancients 
slid down hill.] A pastime among 
the ancient Hawaiians. See holua. 
2. The path traversed by the holua 
in the game of heeholua. 

Heeholua (he'e-ho'-lu'-a), v. To slide 
down hill on a holua or sled. 

Heekee (he'e-ke'e), n. A species of 
fish inhabiting coral reefs. Also 
known as ahaaha, kekee and auau. 

Heekekei (he-e'-ke-ke'i), adj. Short; 
too short; deficient in length. See 

Heekoko (he'e-k6'-ko), n. [Hee, to 
flow, and koko, blood. 1. A flow- 
ing of blood. 2. Any great flow 
of blood. 3. The menses. 

Heemakoko (he'e-ma'-k6'-ko), n. A 
species of large red squid found 
in the ocean, not eatable; he hee 
nui loa ia ma ka moana, he mea 
ai ole ia. Also known as makoko. 

Heemakole (he'e-ma'-ko'-le), n. Squid 
that has been cured with salt, 
and is red from the effect of salt 

Heenalu (he'e-na'-lu), n. [Hee and 
nalu, the surf.] Surfing, the an- 
cient and modern pastime of rid- 
ing on a surf-board. 

Heenalu (he'e-na'-lu), v. [Hee, and 
nalu, the surf.] To ride on a 

Heenehu (he'e-ne'-hu), n. 1. A light 
mist-like rain off the Hilo coast, 
observed usually when the nehu, a 
species of anchovy, is running. 
2. The fishing season when the 
nehu run in great shoals. 

Heepuloa (he'e-pu'-15'a), n. (Hee, 
squid, pu, the head of a squid, and 
loa, long). The long headed squid; 
a species of light-colored squid 
with elongated head. Color, white 
or gray. 

Heewale (he'e-wa'-le), n. 1. A mis- 
carriage; a premature birth. 2. 
Flight from a foe. 

Heewale (he'e-wa'-le), v. [Hee, to 
run, flow, and wale, only.] 1. To 
melt easily. 2. To flee, as a 
coward in time of danger. 3. To 
bring forth young prematurely. 

Heha (he'-ha), adj. Lazy; indolent; 
slow; molowa i ka hana, manaka. 

Hehe (he'-he'), adj. Ulcerous. 

Hehe (he'-he'), n. 1. The upper cal- 
abash or cover of a hula drum. 
2. A boil. 3. A running sore. Syn: 

Hehe (he-he'), n. 1. Loud, exces- 
sive laughter. 2. Derisive laugh- 
ter: ka aka hehe a ka manu o 

Hehe (he-he'), v. 1. To laugh long; 
to laugh excessively. 2. To laugh 
in derision. 

Hehe (he'-he'), v. To run, as a 
sore. See maihehe, a boil. 

Hehee (he'-he'e), adj. Flowing; 
melting; liquid. 

Hehee (he'-he'e), n. A running, as 
the discharge from a sore; viscous 

Hehee (he'-he'e), v. 1. To be soft; 
to be melted; to be liquified; to 
be dissolved; to become liquid. 2. 
To fade, as colors: hehee i ka 
wai; to fade in washing. 

Hehehee (he'-he-he'e), v. To fade; 
to be unstable in color. 

Hehei (he'-he'i), v. To be entangled 
in a net. Syn: Hei. 

Hehelo (he'-he'-lo), v. 1. To be red- 
dish brown, like the helo or ohelo. 
2. To be good looking; to be 
grand or proud in appearance. 3. 
To be vain or proud of one's at- 
tire. 4. To be showy. 

Hehena (he'-he'-na), adj. 1. Insane; 
raving mad. 2. Delirious. 

Hehena (he'-he'-na), n. 1. Madness, 
insanity. 2. A mad person: hana 




iho la e like me na hehena ame 
na holoholona, they acted like 
madmen and brutes. 

Hehena (he'-he'-na), v. 1. To be 
mad; insane. 2. To be enraged, 

Heheo (he'-he'-o), v. To rock on the 
foot; to toss up and down on the 
foot; a way of amusing little chil- 

Hehl (he'-hi), n. 1. A beating or 
pressing with the feet (procedure 
in preparing the surface of a new 
taro patch for planting). 2. A 
treading; a place for treading; 
kahi hehl palaoa, a threshing floor 
where grain was trodden out. 3. 
A step or pressure with the foot: 
kaa hehi wawae; a bicycle. 

Hehi (he'-hi), y. 1. To tread upon; 
to trample down. 2. To put the 
foot upon, a symbol of subjection. 
3. To trample upon; to disobey or 
disregard, as a law: hehi na mea 
a pau maluna o ke kanawai o ka 
aina; everybody trampled upon 
the law of the land; hehi berita, 
to trample upon or disregard a 
covenant. 4. To beat or press 
with the feet. 

He ho (he'-ho), n. Incorrect form of 
iho, the center, the core. 

Hehu (he'-hu), n. 1. Young plants 
for transplanting. 2. A cathartic 
made from the . stem of gourd 

Hehu (he'-hu), v. 1. To uproot, to 
uproot for the purpose of replant- 
ing. 2. To put to flight, as a peo- 
ple: malia paha i hehuia makou i 
poe nana e kuhikuhi i na iwi o 
ka poe kahiko; perhaps we shall 
be rooted up as those who shall 
point to the bones (landmarks) of 
the ancients. 3. To drive; to 
rouse up for work or war. 4. To 
purge from the effect of medicine. 

5. To summon to work or to war. 

6. To warn out. 

Hehukai (he'-hu'-ka'i), n. The spray 
of the sea. 

Hehunakai (he'-hu-na-k§,'i), n. Sea 
spray. Syn: Hunakai. 

Hei (he-i'), n. 1. The papaia tree 
(Carica papaya). The fruit of the 
papaia tree, Syn: Milikana and 

Hei (he'-i), n. 1. A net; a snare for 
entangling and taking game. 2. A 
snare; a stratagem; a device for 
catching one unawares. 3. Game 

caught in hunting or fishing. 4. A 
game resembling cat's cradle. 5. 
The practice of hanging foliage 
about the house of the gods to 
render the sacrifices acceptable; i 
mea e hoohiwahiwa aku. 6. A 
wreath of green leaves: O ke aka- 
mai o ka makuakane, e liio r»o ia 
i hei na ke keiki, the wisdom of 
the father, it shall become a 
wreath for the child. 7. A dec- 
oration; an ornament. 

Hcl (he'-i), V. 1. To be entangled; 
to be snared, as game. 2. To be 
insnared or entangled, as a person 
trapped by stratagem. 3. To dec- 
orate, to adorn. 

Heiau (hei'-a'u), n. 1. Large tem- 
ples of the ancient Hawaiians: E 
kukulu oe i mau heiau no na 
akua, no Ku, no Lono, no Kane 
ame Kanaloa; build thou some 
temples for the gods, for Ku, for 
Lono, for Kane and Kanaloa. 2. A 
high place of worship. 3. A small 
secret room in a heiau. 4. A pri- 
vate place of worship. (The heiau, 
temple, was one of six houses of 
the ancient Hawaiian's home.) 

Heie (he'i-e'), n. (Obsolete.) A ser- 
vant or herald of a prophet. 

Heihel (he'i-he'i), v. 1. To run, as 
though in a race. 2. To run a 

Heiheiholua (he'i-he'i-ho-lu'a), n. 1. 
Coasting on a holua, an ancient 
Hawaiian sled. 2. A race with a 

Heiheinalu (he'i-he'i-na'-lu), n. [Hei- 
hei, to run, and nalu, surf.] 1. To 
ride the surf on a surf-board; to 
surf. 2. To race on surf-boards. 

Heiheiwaa (he'i-he'i-wa'a), n. A race 
between two or more canoes. 

Heka (he'-ka), adj. (Written also 
hekaheka.) 1. Sore; red, as in- 
flamed eyes. 2. Eyelids turned 
out by inflammation. 3. Blear- 
eyed; bleary. 

Hekau (he-ka'u), adj. 1. Taut; not 
slack; stretched. 2. Strong; firm: 
he kaula hekau. 

Hekau (he'-ka'u), n, 1. A towline. 
2. A large strong rope for fasten- 
ing boats, canoes, etc.; a warp. 3. 
The stone used as an anchor for 
a canoe. 4. An anchor. 

Hekau (he'-ka'u), v. 1. To tow or 
tie a vessel with a towline. 2. To 
make fast, as in anchoring a boat 
or cask, by tying to stones or 




rocks under water. (See Laieik. 

p. 124.) Aole e lilo, ua hekauia; 

to be moored on the water. 
Heke (he'-ke), adj. 1. Chagrined; 

depressed; ashamed. 2. Sensitive; 

susceptible; easily affected. See 

HeKe (he'-ke), n. 1. A nail, pin or 

rack fastened to the inside wall 

of a house to put things upon. 2. 

A triangular sail set above the 

gaff, also called peaheke. 
Hekeheke (he'-ke-he'-ke), adj. 1. 

Very fleshy. 2. Sickly. Syn: 


Hekill (he'-kl'-li), n. 1. Thunder 
2. Fig. Anything terrible, raging, 
terrific: uhi paapu mai la oia i na 
hekili o ke kuko ino. — Laieik. 
p. 196. 

Hekili (he'-ki'-li), v. To thunder. 

Hekuni (he'-ku'-ni), n. A mark or 
impression made in tattooing, 
branding, fastening with a seal, 

Hekupau (he'-kfi'-pS,'u), n. The last 
of the ku days, one of the days 
of a month sacrexi to the god Ku. 
It was the sixth day of the month. 

Hela (he'-la), adj. (Written also 
helaliela). 1. Redness of the eye- 
lids. 2. Partial blindness: o ka 
paholehole o ka ili, helahela ino 
ka poe i hana pela.. 

Helaepaa (he-la'e-pa'a), n. A ser- 
vant who is branded in the fore- 
head as a mark of servitude. 

Hele (he'-le), n. A going; a pass- 
ing on; a journey; a course. 

Hele (he'-le), V. 1. To walk. 2. To 
go. 3. To move. i 

Helea (he'-le'-a), v. [Contraction of 
aheleia.] To be taken or caught 
in a trap. 

Heleakala (he'-le-a-ka-la'), n. [Lit. 
Moving of the sun.] 1. The ap- 
parent path of the sun in its imag- 
inary daily journey between the 
summer and winter solstices. 2. 
The point in the ecliptic where 
the sun apparently turns in its 
path; the path of the sun. 3. Lo- 
cally, a place in the crater of Ha- 
leakala on the island of Maui. 

Helehele (he'-le-he'-le), v. To cut 
up; to divide, as with a knife or 
shears. See mahele. 

Helehelena (he'-le-he-le'-na), n. The 
external appearance of a person, 
as features, form. With maka, the 

appearance of the face: Hele- 
helena o ka poino, face of sadness. 
Laieik. p. 142. 

Helehonua (he'-le-ho'-nu'-a), v. 1. 
To depart suddenly. 2. To go 
before the appointed time. 

Helehonua (he'-le-ho'-nu'-a), v. To 
tie or bind up beforehand, in the 
way of preparation for a journey. 

Helei (he-le'i), n. An inflammatory 
disease of the eye. 

Helei (he-le'i), v. 1. To straddle. 
2. To say no by a signal, that is, 
by pulling down one corner of the 
eye slyly. 

Helekikaha (he'-le-ki-ka'-ha), v. 1. 
To walk absentmindedly. 2. To 
refuse to take notice of; to disre- 

Helekiki (he'-le-ki'-ki'), v. 1. To go 
hastily. 2. To do quickly; to act 
very swiftly. 

Helelei (he'-le-le'i), adj. 1. Scat- 
tered. 2. Dropping or falling, as 
tears: halawai oia me kana keiki 
me ka waimaka helelei, she met 
her son with flowing tears. 2. 
Broken or crumbled, so as to sep- 
arate. 4. Crumbling, as dirt: he 
lepo helelei. 

Helelei (he'-le-le'i), v. 1. To be 
scattered abroad. 2. To be dis- 

Helepela (he'-le-pe'-la), v. [Hele, to 
go, and pela, thus; so. Used im- 
peratively.] Be gone; be off; get 
out; go just as you are. Often 
more fully, thus: e hele loa pela, 
get you gone clear away. 

Heleu (he-le'-u), n. Same as haleu. 

Heieuma (he'-le-u'-ma), n. 1. The 
stone anciently used as an anchor 
to hold a canoe. See hekau. 2. 
An anchor of a vessel: aole i kuu 
ka heieuma o ka moku, the anchor 
of the ship was not let down. 

Helewale (he'-le-wa'-le), v. [Hele, 
to go, and wale, in the condition 
one is in naturally. See wale.] 
1. To go about destitute of cloth- 
ing; to be naked. 2. To be poor; 
to be in need. Syn: Ilihune. 3. 
To go or be anywhere without any 
fixed purpose: helewale mai nei 
au; I happened to come along 
here. (Hele and wale are often 
written separately.) 

Heliu (he-li'u), v. Incorrect form of 

Helo (he'-lo). adj. Red; of the col- 
or of blood. 




Helo (he'-lo), n. A bright red color; 
the color of blood. 

Helohelo (he'-lo-he'-lo), adj. Red- 
dish; reddish brown. Of the color 
of the ohelo berry. 

Helohelo (he'-lo-he'-lo), v. To be 
reddish brown like the ohelo. 

Helu (he'-lu), adv. A reciting or 
proclaiming the virtues of a de- 
ceased person: alalia, uwe helu 
mai la ia, penei, a uwe helu iho 
la. — Leieik. p. 50. 

Helu (he'-lu), n. A recounting; a re- 

Helu (he'-lu), n. 1. Any mass of 
hard particles taken collectively, 
as the seeds of the liipoe or In- 
dianshot. 2. Small shot. Syn: 
Lu. 3. A scattering or strewing. 
Syn: Lu. 

Helu (he'-lu), v. 1. To scratch the 
earth, as a hen. 2. To dig pota- 
toes with the fingers. 3. To paw 
the ground, as an angry bull. 4. 
To count; to number; to compute. 
5. To impute; to attribute. 6. To 
relate; to tell over; to repeat. 

Heluai he'-lu-a'i), n. [Helu, to 
count, and ai, a score.] A score- 
keeper in a game. 

Heluhelu (he'-lu-he'-lu), v. 1. To 
read; to pore over. 2. To re- 
count; to relate some past trans- 

Heluhoike (he'-lu-h6-i'-ke), n. [Helu, 
to count, and hoike, to show.] 
An abacus, a frame with strings 
of counters, used as an aid in solv- 
ing questions in arithmetic. 

Helu la (he'-lu-I'a), n. Anything 
which is counted or reckoned. 

Heluiana. Incorrect form of he luna. 

Heluna (he'-lu'-na), n. (Contraction 
of helu ana.) 1. A numbering, 
counting, etc.; hence, 2. A num- 
ber: Ua like ka heluna o kona 
mau niho me ko ka lio, the num- 
ber of his teeth is like that of a 

Hema (he'-ma), adj. Left; applied 
to two opposite things; as, lima 
hema, the left hand, in distinction 
from lima akau, the right hand; 
welau hema (in geography), the 
south pole, opposed to welau 
akau, the north pole. Kanaka 
lima hema, a left-handed man. (In 
marking the cardinal points of 
the compass, an Hawaiian faces 
the west; hence, his right hand 

indicates the north and his left 
the south.) 

Hefnahema (he'-ma-he'-ma), adj. 
Awkward; clumsy; not expert; 
not clever; unprepared. 

Hemahema (he'-ma-he'-ma), adv. In- 
competently; not properly. 

Hemahema ( he'-ma-he'-ma ),n. Want; 
need; necessity. 

Hemahema (he'-mS-he'-ma), v. 1. To 
be destitute of; to want: I ma- 
kaukau ko oukou hoi ana, aole e 
hemahema, that you may be sup- 
plied on your return and not be 
destitute. 2. To be inefficient; to 
be not ready, to be unequal to. 

Hemo (he'-mo), adj. Loose; sep- 

Hemo (he'-mo), n. A loosening; a 
separation of things once united: 
ua like ka hemo me ka makili. 

Hemo (he'-mo), v. 1. To be loos- 
ened; to be untied. 2. To be out 
of. 3. To be open or unfastened. 
4. To be divorced or separated 
from. 5. To be weaned. 

Hemoe (he'-m6-e'), adj. [Hemo and 
e, strangely, that is, very much.] 

1. Faint; hungry; gasping. 2. 
Near death; dying: hemoe ke 
aho, the breath is scanty. 

Hemoe (he'-m6-e'), n. The last ex 
tremity of life; dying breath. 

Hemoe (he'-m6-e'), v. 1. To be 
faint. 2. To lose courage. 3. 
To become feeble. 4. To be de- 

Hemohemo (he'-m6-he'-mo). n. A 
separation; a loosening. Syn: 

Hemohemo (he'-m6-he'-mo), v. [Freq. 
of hemo.] 1. To loosen often or 
very much. 2. To be unfastened. 
3. To be weak from fear. 

Hemolealea (he'-m6-le'a-le'a), v. 
(Also written hemolaelae. [Hemo 
and lealea, joy; cheerfuless.] To 
consent cheerfully to one's going 
for, or doing a thing; to bid him 
Godspeed: ka ae pono ia aku; ka 
hele ana aku me ka pono. 

Hemolele (he'-m6-le'-le), adj. Per- 
fect; faultless; holy; complete. 

Hemolele (he'-md-le'-le), n. 1. Per- 
fection. 2. Virtue; goodness; 
I holiness . 3. A state of glory. 

Hemolele (he'-m6-le'-le), v. 1. To 
be complete, perfect, fully finished. 

2. To be holy; to be perfect. 
Hemu (he'-mu), interj. Shoo; away; 

be off. 




Hena (he'-na), n. 1. The hollow of 
the thigh. 2. In human anatomy, 
the mons Veneris. 

Henahena (he'-na-he'-na), v. Incor- 
rect form of henehene, to deride. 

Henalu (he-na'-lu), n. 1. A surf. 
2. A rough sea. 3. Meditation. 

Hene (he'-ne), n. 1. A low flirta- 
tious laugh. 2. Obsolete form of 
kihene, a bundle. 

Hene (he'-ne), v. To laugh coquet- 

Henehene (he'-ne-he'-ne), adj. Dis- 
dainful; foolish; silly: aka, i ka 
poe hewa, he mea henehene ia e 
lakou ka nani o ke Akua. 

Henehene (he'-ne-he'-ne), n. Mock- 
ery; contempt; insolence. 

Henehene (he'-ne-he'-ne), v. 1. To 
laugh in derision; to mock; to 
treat a person or thing with con- 
tempt. 2. To vituperate; to re- 

Heneheneia (he'-ne-he'-ne-i'a), v. 
[Passive of henehene, to mock.] 
Mocked; reviled. 

Henipoa (he'-nl-p6'-a), n. A languid 

Henu (he'-nu), v. Incorrect form of 
hinu, to be smooth. 

Henuhenu (he'-nd-he'-nu), adj. In- 
correct form of hinu-hinu, shin- 

Henuhenu (he'-nu-he'-nti), v. Incor- 
rect form of hinuhinu, to shine. 

Heo (he'-o), adj. Proud; haughty; 
generally used with haa. (Haaheo 
is the better form.) 

Heo (he'-o), n. The end of the 
penis within the prepuce. 

Heo (heo), v. To depart in haste; 
to go suddenly: I a nei iho nei 
o Ku a ua heo aku la. 

Heoheo (he'-o-he'-o), n. (Reduplica- 
tion of heo.) The glans penis 
within the prepuce; applied to 
men and to some animals; loaa 
ka heoheo, ua hoka; to get noth- 
ing:: to be disappointed. 

Heoa (he'-pa), adj. Idiotic; desti- 
tute of ordinary intellectual pow- 

Hepa (he'-pa), n. 1. A shaking of 
the limbs: the palsy. 2. Partial 
paralysis of the vocal organs 
which causes indistinct articula- 
tion. 3. A slight form of demen- 
tia. 4. Idiocy. 5. An imbecile. 

Hepahepa (he'-pa-he'-pa), adj. Help- 
less or feeble from palsy. 

Hepahepa (he'-pa-he'-pa), n. 1. A 
person helpless from palsy. 2. 
Sign of beginning of mental break- 
down discovered in speech or ac- 

Hepanoa (he'-pa-no'-a), n. A very 
dry and sterile spot or tract of 

Hepue (he'-pu'e), n. An eddy or 
contrary current in air or water. 

Hereekela (he'-re-e-ke'-la), n. [Eng.] 
Herschel; the planet of that name. 

Heu (he'-u), adj. Fuzzy, downy, as 
fine hair or the soft coating of a 

Heu (he'-u), n. 1. Down or fine 
hair. 2. The quicksilver on the 
back of a looking-glass: holoi la- 
kou i ka heu o ka aniani, they 
washed the quicksilver off the 
glass. 3. Fuzz, the loose coating 
or fibers upon certain fruits or 

Heu (he'u), n. 1. The hoot of an 
owl. 2. The guttural sounds 
made by those skilled in Hawaiian 
oli (mele) and prayers. 

Heu (he'-u), v. To begin to grow; 
to sprout; to germinate: he ka- 
naka opiopio wale no, akahi no a 
heu. Pehea kau mau wahi hehu? 
Akahi no a heu ae. How are your 
plants? Only just commenced to 

Heu (he'u), v. (Written also heu- 
heu.) To croak; to make a hoarse 
sound in the throat. 

Heuheu (he'u-he'u), n. Same as 

Heukae (heu'-ka'e), n. [A corrup- 
tion of haukae, dirty.] A dis- 
reputable person: he haukae. 

Heumiki (he'u-ml'-ki), adj. Beauti- 
ful; pleasing; comely. 

Hewa (he'-wa), adj. 1. Wicked; im- 
proper. 2. Defective; imperfect 
in action. 

Hewa (he'-wa), adv. Erroneously; 
wrongfully: hele hewa, to go 

Hewa (he'-wa), n. 1. Error; sin. 
(Often connected with ino and 
hala.) 2. A failure to hit or reach. 
3. Fault; defect; blemish. 

Hewa (he'-wa), v. 1. To be wrong; 
to be in error. 2. To sin; to 
transgress. 3. To miss; to fail to 
hit. 4. To be incorrect; to be 




faulty; to fail. 5. To be under 


Hewahewa (he'-wa-he'-wa), adj. 
Crazy; demented. See hoohewa- 

Hewahewa (he'-wa-he'-wa), n. 1. A 
mistake in identification. 2. De- 
rangement of mind from sickness. 
See hoohewahewa. 3. Sullen si- 

Hewahewa (he'-wa-he'-wa,), v. To 
make a mistake; to commit an 
error; mostly used in the causa- 
tive. See hoohewahewa and hewa. 

HI (hi), n. 1. A flowing away; a 
purging. 2. Dysentery. Same as 
hikoko. 3. A hissing sound. 4. 
The practice of fishing for the 
aku, as hi aku. 

Hi (hi), V. 1. To purge, as with a 
cathartic. 2. To blow out with 
force any liquid from the mouth. 

Hia (hi'a), adj. 1. Ardent; eager. 
2. Roving; unsteady. 

Hia (hi'-a). An interrogative with 
the prefixes a, e and pa, as ahia, 
how many, ehia, how many, pahia, 
how many to the group. 

Hia (hi'a), n. 1. The act of rubbing 
two sticks together to obtain fire. 
2. Reflection; thinking. 3. Lone- 
liness. 4. Desire. 

Hia (hi'a), v. 1. To rub one stick 
upon another, as in obtaining fire 
in ancient times. 2. To knot or 
fasten the meshes of a fish net; 
to form net work. 

Hiaa (hi'-a-a'), adj. 1. Indisposed 
to sleep; wakeful. 2. Watchful. 

Hiaa (hi'-a-a'), v. 1. To lie awake; 
to be restless while attempting or 
wishing to sleep: e hiaa ana no 
kona aloha, he was wakeful on ac- 
count of his love. Laieik. p. 205. 
Syn: Uluku (2). 2. To be sleep- 
less, as one troubled in mind. 

Hiaai (hi'-a-ai), n. Longing desire; 
yearning; eager wish to obtain. 

Hiahia (hi'-a-hi'-a), adj. Fading; 
transitory. Syn : Ahiahia. 

Hiahia (hi'-a-hi'-a), n. Dignity; 
pride. Syn: Hiehie. 

Hiahia (hi'a-hi'a), v. (Freq. of 

Hiahia (hi'a-hi'a) v. Incorrect spell- 
ing of hiehie, to be excellent in 
personal appearance. 

Hiaka (hi-a'-ka), n. 1. The recita- 
tion of the legends of the Hiiaka, 
goddesses of volcanoes. 2. A par- i 

ticular kind of mele or song for 
the Hiiaka. 

Hiaka (hi-a'-ka), v. To recite leg- 
ends or fabulous stories. 

Hiaku (hi'-a'-ku), n. 1. Certain lo- 
calities in the sea where fisher- 
men seek the aku, called hiaku 
from the hum or hissing sound 
heard when the aku takes the 
hook. 2. The act of fishing for 
the aku. 

Hiala (hi-a'-la), v. Contraction of 
hialaai. (Obsolete.) To eat 

Hialaai (hi-a'-la-a'i), v. To eat greed- 
ily. (Obsolete.) 

Hiamoe (hi'-a-mo'-e), n. 1. Sleep; 
deep sound sleep; rest in sleep. 
See moe. 2. Sloth; laziness. 

Hiamoe (hi'-a-mo'-e), v. 1. To lie 
asleep; to sleep; to fall asleep. 
2. To rest in sleep, that is, to be 
dead: e hiamoe i ka make. 3. To 
die. 4. To fall prostrate, as if 

Hiapo (hi'-a'-po), n. The first born 
child. Syn: Makahiapo. 

Hie (hi'-e), v. 1. To be comely. 2. 
To appear distinguished. 3. To 
appear haughty in carriage. 

Hiehie (hi'-e-hi'-e), adj. 1. Good. 2. 
Lively. 3. Proud; haughty: o na 
mea hiehie ame na mea lealea, of 
distinguished appearance. 4. Ma- 
jestic; noble; dignified; stately; 

Hiehie (hi'-e-hi'-e), n. 1. Dignity in 
appearance; honor. 2. Pride; 
haughtiness; overbearing conduct. 

Hiena (hi-e'-na), n. 1. A kind of 
soft, porus, stone, used to smooth 
and polish utensils. It is harder 
than the ana stone which is used 
only on wood. 2. [Eng.] A hyena. 

Hi hi (hi'-hi), adj. Thick or close 
together, as grass, vines, or men; 
crowded; intermingling: hi hi aku; 
hihi mai. 

Hi hi (hi'-hi), n. 1. The running, 
spreading out, entwining or creep- 
ing of vines; a thick growth of 
vegetation. 2. A cause of entang- 
ling; an offense. 3. A cause of 
offense by use of bewildering lan- 
guage; an entanglement of words. 
Hihia is usually used in this sense. 

Hihi (hi'-hi), v. 1. To branch or 
spread out, as vines, or as the 
limbs of a tree. 2. To grow thick 
together: ka pikoplko, ua hihi; 




hihl pea ka lewa. Laieik. p. 168. 
2. To intermingle; to intertwine. 
Hihia (hi'-hi'-a), adj. Difficult; per- 
plexing; troublesome; entangled; 
Hihia (hi'-hi'-a), n. 1. A difficulty; 
a cause of trouble. 2. A thicket: 
ka hihia paa o ka nahele. Laieik. 
p. 94. 3. A knot of threads bunched 
confusedly. 4. A suit or action at 
law; a case in court. 
Hihia (hi'-hl'-a), v. 1. To be per- 
plexed or entangled, either phys- 
ically or morally. 2, To be in a 
state of difficulty or perplexity. 

Hihialou (hi'-hi-a-lo'u), n. A plant 
with small yellow flowers. Syn: 
Alaalapuloa and uhaloa. 

H'ihiawai (hi'-hi-a-wa'i), n. 1. The 
fresh sprouts of a species of fern 
called palai-kahawai, used as a 
condiment or relish with the opae- 
oehaa, a species of shrimp. 2. A 
species of shell-fish found only in 
fresh water streams. 

Hihikaeka (hi'-hi-ka-e'-ka), v. 1. To 
tangle up, as a rope or string; to 
tangle, as the hair. 2. To confuse 
by the use of language; to dis- 
concert; to throw into confusion: 
Ua hihia na mea a pau, ua hihi- 
kaeka ma ka oleolo ana. 3. To 
tangle or perplex one in speaking 
by distracting remarks or actions. 

Hihimanu (hi'-hi'-ma'-nu), n. 1. The 
spotted stingray (Mobula japon- 
ica). Also known as ihimanu and 
lupe. It takes the latter name 
from its likeness in form to a 
lupe or kite, and from its habit 
of flying. 

Hihio (hi-hi'o), n. A vision. j 

Hihio (hi-hi'o), v. 1. To fall into 
light sleep; to doze; to be sleepy. 
2. To see as in a vision; to dream. 

Hihiu (hi-hi'-u), adj. Wild; strange; 
unfriendly; unsocial; often applied 
to animals that have been once 
tamed, but have become wild; 
Ant: Laka, tame: Na holoholona 
hihiu ame na holoholona laka; he 
ilio hihiu hae, a wolf. 

Hihiu (hi-hi'-u), v. 1. To be wild or 
untamed, as an animal. 2. To be 
wild and savage, as men. 

Hihiwal (hi'-hi-wa'i), n. Same as 

Hii (hi'i), v. 1. To lift up and hold 
or carry in the arms. 2. To bear 
upon the hips and support with 

the arms, as a child. 3. To hold, 
as a child on the knees. 4. To 
carry in the arms and on the 
bosom: ike ae la oia i ke kaika- 
mahine e hiiia mai ana. Laieik. 
p. 10. 5. To nurse; to tend, as a 

Hiiaka (hi*i-a'-ka), n. A general 
name of the godesses of volcanoes. 
See Hiaka: O Hiiaka ke akua i 
hookahe mai i ke koko ma ke poo 
o kona kahu. These goddesses 
twelve in number and all younger 
sisters of the goddess, Pele. 

Hiikala (hi'i-ka'-la), n. A species 
of fish-hook which is baited only 
with limu, moss. 

Hiikau (hi'i-ka'u), v. 1. To pelt 
with stones. 2. To throw, as a 
stone, at a person or thing: hiikau 
aku la ka kanaka i ka pohaku, the 
men threw stones. 3. To throw 
carelessly; to throw at random. 
Applies only to a single thrower. 

Hiilani (hi'i-la'-ni), n. Praise; exal- 
tation; deference. 

Hiilani (hi'i-la'-ni), v. [Hii, to lift 
up, and lani, on high.] 1, To 
nurse or take care of, as an in- 
fant chief. 2. To exalt; to praise; 
to admire. Syn: Hoolanilani and 
hoonani. 3. To admire and obey, 
as a servant does his master. 

Hiipaka (hi'i-pa-ka), v. 1. To have 
to nurse one's own child; to be 
compelled to act as an attendant 
or caretaker of one's own chil- 
dren: Aole no ia e hiipaka, he 
wahine na ke kane waiwai; she 
need not nurse (for) ; she is the 
wife of a rich man. 

Hiipoi (hi'i-po'-i), v. [Hii and poi, 
to protect.] 1. To tend and feed, 
as a young child. 2. To feed and 
defend, as a chief does his people. 

3. To take in the arms, as a child. 

4. To take care of and provide for 
generally, said of God's care of 
men: ke hiipoi mai nei ke Akua 
ia kakou. 

Hiipuupuu (hi'i-pu'u-pu'u), v. Incor- 
rect form of hipuupuu; to tie with 
many knots. 

Hikaka (hi'-ka-ka'), adj. 1. Bent 
round; curved; crooked. 2. Stag- 
gering; unsteady. 

Hikaka (hi'-ka'-ka), n. An unsteady 

Hikaka (hi'-ka'-ka), v. To reel in 
walking, as a drunken man. To 




stagger, as a man carrying a 
heavy burden. 

Hikapalale (hi'-ka-pa'-ia-le'), n. 1. 
Incoherent talk; gibbering; unin- 
telligible speech. 2. Foreign speech; 
artificial slang or "hog Latin" 
used to prevent persons not in the 
secret from understanding. 

Hikau (hi'-ka'u), v. To throw with- 
out particular aim; to throw in a 
haphazard manner. 

Hikauhi (hi-ka'-u-hi), adj. 1. Having 
or being of no use; ineffectual. 2. 
To no purpose; of no use, e^c: 
aia ko'u waa hikauhi ma Molokai; 
hikauhi oe a holo e ka moku; hele 
a hikauhi. 

Hikauhi (hi-ka'-u-hi), adv. Ineffec- 
tually; uselessly; aimlessly. 

Hiki (hi'-ki), v. 1. The meaning is 
dependent on the words mai and 
aku, as: hiki mai, to come to; 
hiki aku, to go to. 2. To be able 
to do a thing; to accomplish . a 
purpose; to prevail. 

Hikialoalo (hi'-ki-a'-lo-a'-lo), n. Point 
of the heavens directly overhead. 

Hikiee (hi'-ki-e'e), n. 1. A raised 
platform for sleeping. 2. A sort 
of bedstead or couch. 3. A place 
for a bed. 

Hikiee (hi'-ki-e*e), v. 1. To elevate 
slightly, as a pillow or the border 
of a mat. 2. To approach; to 
draw near. 3. To bridge over a 

Hikii (hi'-ki'i), n. A binding; a 
tying; a fastening. 

Hikii (hi'-ki'i), v. 1. To tie; to 
fasten by tying. 2. To bind, as a 
prisoner. Syn: Nakii. 

Hikllkii (hi'-ki'i-ki'i), v. Another 
form of hikii; to tie; to bind 

HIkIku (hi'-ki-ku'), n. [Hiki and 
ku, to rise. The place of the sun's 
rising. (Used poetically only.) 
Syn: hikina. 

Hikilele (hi'-ki-le'-le), adv. Quickly; 
suddenly; immediately. 

Hikilele (hi'-ki-le'-le). n. A startled 
awakening sudden confusion of 
thought; perturbation; alarm; 
sudden fright. 

Hikilele (hi'-ki-le'-le), v. [Hiki and 
lele, to jump; to fly.] 1. To wake 
suddenly from sleep. To wake 
with affright. 2. To jump or start 
suddenly from surprise or fear; 
to be suddenly agitated. 

HIkimoe (hi'-ki-mo'-e), n. [Hiki and 
moe, to lie down.] (Poetical only.) 
The west; place where the sun 
sets. (Usual word for the west 
is komohana.) 

Hikina (hi-kl'-na), adj. Eastern: ma 
ka aoao hikina o Hawaii, on the 
eastern side of Hawaii. 

Hikina (hi-ki'-na), adv. Eastwardly. 

Hikina (hi-ki'-na), n. [Hiki and ana, 
participial termination.] The full 
form is: ka hiki ana (a ka la), 
the coming (of the sun), that is, 
the east; the place of the sun's 
rising. The east; the place of 
I the sun's rising. 

Hikiwale (hi'-ki-wa'-le), adv. [Hiki 
and wale, merely.] Accidentally; 
without design; by chance. 

Hikiwawe ( hi'-ki- wa-we), adv. Quick- 
ly; speedily; without delay. 

Hikiwawe (hi'-ki-wa'-we), v. [Hiki 
and wawe, quick.] To be quick; to be 
quick or smart in doing a thing. 

Hikiwi (hi'-ki-wi), adj. Incorrect 
form of kikiwi. crooked; bent. 

Hikoko (hi'-ko'-ko), n. [HI and 
koko, blood.] 1. A flowing of 
blood. 2. The disease hemor- 
rhoids. 3. Dysentery. 

Hikoni (hi'-ko'-ni), n. 1. The hikoni 
or sign of humiliation was an 
indelible mark or scar on the fore- 
head made by tattooing or by the 
stroke of a pahoa, dagger. 2. A 
servant so marked on the fore- 
head was a disgraced servant: 
o ka poe kauwa i hoailonaia ma 
ka lae, ua kapaia he kauwa hikoni. 
3. A mark inflicted by a high 
chief upon the seducer of his wife. 

Hiku (hi'-ku), adj. The seventh: 
i ka hIku o ka malama, in the 
seventh month. 

Hikuhiku (hi'-ku-hi'-ku), n. Confu- 
sion of sounds, as of a multitude 
all talking at once. 

Hila (hi'-la), v. Same as ohila, 
which is the preferable form. 

Hilahila (hi'-ia-hi'-la), adj. Ashamed. 

Hi la hi la (hi'-iahi'-la), adv. Shame- 

Hilahila (hi'-ia-hi'-la), n. Shame. 
iHllahJIa (hi'-ia-M'-la). v. (Refers to 
acts and language). To be ashamed; 
I to be put in confusion; to be 
ashamed of. 

Hilai (hl-la'i), adj. [An archaic 
word used in ancient prayers; 
probably hiilai, hii, to lift up, and 
lai for lani, heaven.] Exalted. 




Hilala (hi-la'-la), v. 1. To reel; to 
stagger; to sway as if intoxicated. 
Syn: hikaka. 2. To bend. 

Hi lea (hi-le'-a), adj. 1. Incapable. 

2. Thriftless; improvident. 

Hili (hi'-li), adj. Turning; wander- 
ing; random; irregular. 

Hill (hi'-li), n. 1. Deviation; a wan- 
dering; a going astray. 2. The 
juice or sap of growing plants. 3. 
Sapwood. 4. A general name for 
barks used in dying, as hili kolea, 
hili koa, etc. 5. A black dye made 
of bark for coloring tapa. 

Hili (hi'-li), v. 1. To braid; to plait, 
as a wreath. 2. To string, as ku- 
kui nuts: e hili kukui. 3, To turn 
over and over, as in braiding; to 
twist; to spin. 4. To tie on, as 
Hawaiians formerly tied or braided 
their koi, tools, onto handles. 5. 
To deviate from the path in trav- 
eling; to wander; to miss one's 
way. 6. To droop; to flag. 7. To 
smite, as with a sword or the 
hand. 8. To deviate from a set- 
tled rule of conduct. 

Hiliau (MMi-a'u), adj. Unworthy; 
wanting merit or fitness. 

Hiliee (hi'-li-e'e), n. Name of a 
low straggling shrub (Plumbago 
zeylanica). The acrid juice of the 
plant is considered poisonous and 
was formerly employed for black 
tattooing. Known also as iliee, 
ilihee and ilieo. 

Hilihill (hi'-li-hl'-li), adj. Red or 
brown in color; shaded; dark. 

Hiliihili (hi'-li-hi'-li), v. [Freq. of 
hili to smite.] To smite fre- 
quently; to strike repeatedly. 

Hilihill honu (hi'-li-hl'-li-ho'-nu), adj. 
1. Wealthy; rich. 2. Well off; 
comfortably settled. See kuonoono. 

Hilikau (hi'-li-ka'u), adj. 1. Care- 
less; purposeless. 2. Stumbling. 

3. Inaccurate in speech; varying in 
one's story: e lauwili, e lalau. 4. 
Walking cross-legged. 

Hilikau (hi'-li-ka'u), v. 1. To act in 
a careless manner; to act without 
thought or purpose. 2. To walk 
cross-legged. 3. To do things in a 
haphazard way. 

Hilinaehu (hi'-li-na-e'-hu), n. The 
tenth month of the Hawaiian cal- 

Hilinai (hi'-li-na'i), n. 1. Trust; con- 
fidence. 2. A leaning against or 
upon. 3. What is leaned upon, as 

a table. 4. A bed or place for re- 

Hilinai (hi'-li-na'i), v. 1. To lean 
upon; to lean against. 2. To trust 
in; to have confidence in. 

Hilinama (hi'-li-na'-ma), n. The sev- 
enth month of the Hawaiian cal- 
endar, corresponding to Septem- 

Hilinohu (hi'-li-no'-hu), v. To be 
wealthy; to abound in. See hili- 

Hiliou (hi'-li-o-u'), n. 1. A square 
braid of eight or sixteen strands. 
2. An ailme-nt of the bowels or 
stomach. 3. Fullness of the stom- 

Hiliu (hi-ll'-u), n. 1. The specific 
note of a conch shell call to as- 
semble. 2. Assembly call made 
with a shell. 

Hilo (hi'-lo), adj. 1. Thready; 
threadlike. 2. Spun; drawn out 
and twisted into threads. 

Hilo (hi'-lo), n. 1. The first night 
in which the new moon can be 
seen (like a twisted thread) : o 
hilo ka po mua no ka puahilo ana 
o ka mahina. 2. Gonorrhea. 

Hilo (hi'-lo), V. 1. To twist with 
two or three strands, as a Ha- 
waiian rolls a string on his thigh. 
2. To twist with the thumb and fin- 
gers. 3. To spin; to turn, as in 
twisting. See hili, milo, will, etc. 

Hilohilo (hi'-16-hi'-lo), n. 1. The 
sweet juice of the ki, or ti, root, 
especially when there is but a 
small quality and it is very sweet. 
2. The word may also describe the 
agreeable qualities of fruit juice. 

Hilohilo (hi'-16-hi'-lo), n. Sweetness; 
deliciousness; character or quality 
as applied to the juice of the ki, 
or ti, plant. 

Hilohilo (hl'-16-hi'-lo), v. To lengthen 
a speech or story by inserting new 

Hilu (hi'-lu), adj. 1. Still; quiet; 
reserved; dignified; (a word of 
commendation): hilu ka noho ana 
o mea. 2. Neat. 3. Elegant; 
powerful; magnificent. 

Hilu (hi'-lu), n. Two species of 
coral reef fishes (Anampses cu- 
vier and Julis eydouxii). Common. 
Among the most brilliantly marked 
of the many bright colored fishes 
seen among the Hawaiian islands. 

Hiluhilu (hi'-lu-hi'-lu), adj. Excel- 
lent; nice; beautiful. 




Hiluhilu (hi'-lu-hi'-lu), n. (A word 
that describes the admirable qual- 
ity, character or appearance of 
persons or things. See hilu, adj.) 
The excellent; the glorious; the 

HimenI (hi'-me'-ni), n. [Eng.] A 
hymn; a song in sacred worship; 
a mele in praise of Jehovah. 

Himeni (hi-me'-ni), v. To sing a 

Hina (hi'-na), adj. 1. Gray; hoary; 
applied to the head: oho hina. 2. 
Gray, as the beard: he umiumi 

Hina (hi'-na), n. 1. A gray color. 
2. Leaning; falling; stumbling. 3. 
A posture assumed for prayer. 4. 
Female deities, as Hinahele, Hinau- 
luaoa, etc.. especially the goddess 
with whom Wakea consorted after 
separation from his wife, Papa. 
Hina became the mother of Molo- 
kai, hence the proverbial expres- 
sion: Molokai nui a Hina. 5. 
[Heb.] A hin, a Hebrew measure. 

Hina (hi'-na), v. 1. To lean from 
an upright position. 2. To fall; 
to fall down, as a house. 3. To 
make a mistake; to err; to fall 
morally, as a person from a state 
of uprightness; to relapse or de- 
cline from a state of rectitude. 

Hinaale (hi'-na-a'-le), n. A species of 
small fish. See Hinalea. 

Hinahele (hi'-na-he-le), n. The name 
of the goddess of fishes. She was I 
the wife of Kuula, god of fisher- \ 
men, and mother of Aiaiakuula. ! 
She was one of the Hina class of 
deities and is often called simply 
Hina: o Hinahele lau o Kuula na 
'kua lawaia, mai Hawaii a Niihau. 
Hinahele and Kuula are the divin- 
ities of fishing from Hawaii to 

Hinahina (hi'-na-hl'-na), adj. Gray- 
ish; gray. 

Hinahina (hl'-nS-hi'-na), n. A gray 
color. ! 

Hinai (hi-na'i), n. 1. A container' 
made of braided ie or other 
materials. 2. A basket. 

Hinalaeleele (hi-na'i-a-e'-le-e'-le), n. 
The fifth Hawaiian month, cor- 
responding to July. 

Hinai hooluuluu (hi-na'i ho'o-lu'u- 
lu'u), n. A fish trap, a basket 
put down into the sea for catching 

Hinaipoepoe (hi-na'i-po'-e-po'-e), n. 
1. A round basket. 2. A basket 
braided around a calabash. 

Hinakulaina (hi'-na-ku-la'i-na), v. 
LHina, to fall or lean over, and 
kulaina, a pushing or inclining.] 
1. To be partially fallen down. 2. 
To be leaning over from having 
been pushed. 

Hinakuluiua (hi'-na-ku'-lu-i-u'a), n. 
[Hina, goddess, kulu, to drop, and 
ua, rain.] One of the Hina sis- 
ters; the goddess of rain. (The 
two younger sisters are Hinakea- 
lii and Hookuipaele.) 

Hinalea (hi'-na-le'-a), n. Common 
coral fishes, certain varieties of 
which are very beautiful and bril- 
liantly marked: hinai hinalea, a 
hinalea basket. 

Hinalea (hi'-na-le'a), v. To blow 
from aft, as wind favorable for 
sailing: Pela iho a hinalea mai ka 
makani. Wait a while till the 
wind blows fair. 

Hinalii (hi'-na-li'i), adj. [Hina, gray, 
and III, young or little.] Slightly 
gray, as the hair. 

Hinalii (hi'-na-li'i), n. A chief in 
whose time there occurred a de- 
luge, called kai a ka Hinalii (the 
sea of Hinalii). 

Hinalo (hi'-na'-lo), n. (Also known 
as hinano.) 1. Flower of the 
puhala, pandanus tree. 2. Very 
fine mats made from the young 
leaves of the pandanus tree. Also 
called moena-hinalo. 3. The odor 
of the pandanus flower. 

Hinamoe (hi'-na-mo'-e), n. [Hina, to 
fall, and moe, to lie down.] 1. A 
place of death (often applied to 
volcanoes). 2. A place in Ha- 
waiian story where Pele's smoke 
falls over and lies at the foot of 
a sacred or tabu mountain called 
Kamohoalii, until it is dissipated. 

Hinana (hi'-na-na), n. The young of 
the oopu, a species of gobey (Ele- 
otris sandwicensis), abundant in 
fresh, brackish and shallow wa- 

Hinauluohla. (hi'-na-u-lii-o-hi'a), n. 
The goddess who presides over the 
ohia, mountain apple, forests. 

Hinawenawe (hl-na'-we-na'-we), adj. 
1. Tall and thin; hence, feeble; 
debilitated. 2. Thin; spindling; 
slender. Syn: Unlhi. 




Hine (hi'-ne), adj. Proud; vain; 
showy; splendid; gaudy. 

Hini (hl'-ni), adj. Small; thin; 
feeble. Syn: Uhini. 

Hini hini (hi'-ni-hi'-ni), adj. Indis- 
tinct; faint. (Applied to the 

Hinihini (hi'-ni-hl'-ni), n. 1. Speak- 
ing in a small, thin voice. 2. 
Whispering. 3. A variety of land 
shells: A i lohe oe i ke kani o ka 
leo o ka Hinihini, ke Kuamauna, 
ke Kahuli, aole au i iho aku. — 

Hinipoa (hi'-ni-po'-a), adj. Same as 
nipoa, enfeebled. 

Hinu (hi'-nu), adj. Smooth; greasy; 
polished; dazzling. 

Hinu (hi'-nu), n. Natural grease; 
oily or fatty substance; ointment: 
substance for besmearing; mo- 
mona, mea poni. 

Hinu (hi'-nu), v. 1. To be oily. 
2. To have a lustrous and smooth 

Hinu hinu (hi'-nu-hi'-nu), adj. 1. 
Bright; shining; splendid, as red 
cloth. 2. Glittering, as polished 

Hinuhinu (hi'-nu-hi'-nu), v. To be 
bright; to be glistening; to be 

Hio (hi-o'), adj. Leaning; oblique: 
kaha hio. Any line which is neith- 
er parallel, perpendicular, nor hor- 
izontal, is hio.) 

Hio (hi'-o), n. 1. A downward 
wind, as over a mountain or high 
hill: he makani e amio ana mai 
kahi kiekie mai, wind eddying 
down over a high place. 2. The 
inside corner of a house where the 
two side surfaces meet. 3. A 
ventral eructation; a passage of 
wind from the bowels. 

Hio (hio'), V. 1. To lean over; to 
slant; to incline from a perpen- 
dicular; hence, 2. To be one- 
sided. 3. To swing to and fro. 
4. To lean upon or against. 5. 
To trust in. 

Hiohio (hi'o-hi'o), adj. Ruddy; 
bright red: ula hiohio. 

Hiohio (hi'-o-hi'-o), n. A device used 
by deep sea fishermen. It consists 
of a flat shell called "pa" attached 
to a cord, and is used as a trailer 
behind a canoe. 

Hiohio (hi'-6 -hi'-o), v. 1. To draw 
the breath into the mouth, as one 

eating hot food; hence, 2. To eat 
in a hurry. 

Hiohiona (hi'o-hi-o'-na), n. [Freq. 
of hiona.] The features of a per- 
son; gait; form; face; presence. 
Syn: Helehelena. 

Hiolani (hi'o-la'-ni), v. 1. To lie 
stretched out lazily. 2. To sit at 
ease, as a chief. 3. To be in a 
posture* of thought. 4. To be free 
of all restraint; to give up to nat- 
ural impulses. 

Hiolo (hi-o'-lo), n. A tumbling 
down; a sliding away; a falling 

Hiolo (hi-o'-lo), V. [Hi, flowing, and 
olo, to vibrate.] 1. To tumble 
down, as a wall. To fall over, as a 
house. 2. To fall; to cease to be 
erect . 3. To be broken up or scat- 
tered in falling. 4. To become 
useless or void in a moral or so- 
cial sense, 5. To be overthrown 
or defeated. (A very expressive 
word, conveying the idea of a fall 
accompanied by a breaking up or 
destruction of what falls.) 

Hiolo ka pohaku is an old na- 
tive expression signifying thun- 

Hiona (hi'-o-na), n. Personal ap- 
pearance; face; countenance, etc. 
See hiohiona, synonym. 

Hioole (hi'-o-6'-le), adj. Perpendic- 
ular; straight; exactly upright; 
not leaning; not inclining. 

Hioole (hi'-6-6'-le), n. 1. Something 
standing upright. 2. Perpendicu- 
larity. 3. Stability; firmness. 
Lit: without leaning; me ka hai- 
pule mau 1 ke Akua me ka hioole. 

Hipa (hi'-pa), n. Sheep. 

Hipa (hi'-pa), n. Incorrect spelling 
of h€?pa. 

Hipahipa (hi'-pa-hi'-pa), v. To ex- 
press gladness vociferously; to be 

Hipakane (hi'-pa-ka'-ne), n. [Hipa, 
sheep, and kane, male.] A ram: 
ili hipakane, a ram skin. 

Hipakeiki (hi'-pa-ke'-i-ki), n. [Hipa, 
sheep, and keiki, the little one.] A 
lamb. Syn: Keikihipa. 

Hipapalale (hi'-pa-pa-la'-le). Incor- 
rect spelling of kipapalale. 

Hipopotamu (hi'-p6-p6-ta'-mu), n. 
The hippopotamus. 

Hipuka (hi'-pu-ka), n. A snare for 
catching birds: ka hipuka no na 
manu hihiu; kau aku la ia i ka 




hipuka pahele, (The hipuka dif- 
fers from the kipuka in that it is 
always concealed and takes game 
by the feet or legs, while the ki- 
puka consists of a loop thrown or 
set in the open.) 

Hipuu (hi'-pu'u), adj. 1. Knotty, as 
a string tied up in knots. 2. Tied 

Hipuu (hi'-pu'u), n. 1. A knot; a 
fastening. 2. Anything tied. Fig: 
E wehe oe i ka hipu naaupo, o 
make auanei oe. 3. A bag for 
carrying small things; a little 
purse: hipuu kala. Money tied up 
in a corner of a handkerchief. 
(This word was used by the trans- 
lators of the Bible for satchel in 
Isaiah 3:22.) 

Hipuu (hi'-pu'u), V. To tie in knots, 
as the string of a bundle or bag. 
Syn: Hipuupuu. 

Hipuupuu (hi'-pu'u-pu'u), adj. 1. 
Tied; fastened. 2. Knotty, as tied 
in knots: he hipuupuu kahi malo 
o kahi alii, the malos of some 
chiefs were tied in knots. Syn: 

Hipuupuu (hi'-pu'u-pu'u), n. Any- 
thing that is tied in knots or 
made fast. 

Hipuupuu (hi'-pu'u-pu'u), v. 1. To 
tie in knots; hence, to tie up in a 
bundle. Syn: Hipuu. 2. To tie 
fast. 3. To gird around, as with 
a sash: aole kakou i like me na 
kanaka kiai alii a hipuupuu kahi 
malo, we are not the men who 
guard the king, belted up with 
sashes. 4. To tie one thing to 

Hiu (hi'u), n. The caudal fin of 
a fish. 

Hiu (hi'-u), n. 1. Small polished 
and flattened stones used in the 
games of konane, kinipeki and 
aneo, as the pieces are used in the 
game of checkers. 2. Machine for 
raising weights by working a lev- 

Hiu (hi'-u), V. 1. To fling; to 
throw with violence. 2. To lift 
or haul with ropes. 

Hlua (hi-u'-a), adj. Menstrual; per- 
taining to the menses. 

Hlua (hi-u'-a), n. 1. A game, played 
on a board of five squares. 2. The 
board on which the game of hiua 
is played. 3. Menses; menstrua- 

Hiuhiu (hi'u-hi'u), n. 1. Remnants 
of the raw material that remain 
after weaving; the fibers that are 
left after completion of woven 
work, as mats, hats, etc. Ka hiu- 
hiu lauhala; ka hiuhiu makaloa. 
2. Remnants that remain after 
eating fish, meats, etc. 

Hiukolc (hi'u-ko'-le), n. The red- 
tailed oopu, a fish found only in 
the mountain streams. Called 
also nuukole and napili. 

Hiumalolo (hi'u-ma-16'-lo), n. [Hiu, 
and malolo, the flying-fish.] The 
caudal fin of the flying-fish. 

Hiuwai (hi'u-wa'i), n. A ceremony 
of ablution or religious purifica- 
tion directed by a high priest. One 
part of the ceremonial consisted 
in bathing in streams to which 
virtue had been previously impart- 
ed by the priest on the evening 
of Hoaka (second day of the 
moon) which was one of the an- 
cient tabu days. 

Hiwa (hi'-wa), adj. 1. Black; en- 
tirely black; applied mostly to 
that which was used in sacrifice 
to the gods, as a black hog: ina 
i eleele a puni ka hulu, he hiwa 
paa ia puaa. 2. Niu hiwa, green 
coconut; awa hiwa, green coconut 
are the two examples where hiwa 
means green. 

Hiwa (hi'-wa), n. Any black article 
supposed to be acceptable to the 
gods as an offering. 

Hiwa (hi'-wa), v. 1. To be of a 
black color, such as was consid- 
ered precious or valuable in sac- 
rifice. 2. To be of a clear or 
pure black. 

Hiwa^waa (hl'-wa'a-w^'a), adj. Large; 
fat; corpulent. (Applied only to 
persons.) See momona. 

Hiwahiwa (hi'-wa-hl'-wa), adj. Pre- 
cious; esteemed; greatly beloved. 

Hiwahiwa (hi'-w2,-hi'-wa), n. A per- 
son or thing greatly beloved; a 
pet. (Applied generally to chil- 
dren or animals.) 

Hiwahiwa (hi'-wa hi'-wa), v. 1. To 
be greatly loved; to be an object 
of passionate affection. 2. To be 
personally indulged; to be a pet. 

HiwI (hi'-wi), n. The flat or de- 
pressed summit of a protuber- 
ance, or projection. 

HIwi (hi'-wi), v. To be stopped in 
growth, as disease; to diminish, 
as a swelling. 




Ho (ho), n. 1. The asthma. 2. 
[Eng.)] A hoe. 3. The colter of 
a plow. 

Ho (ho). Prefix. Same as hoo. 

Ho (ho), V. 1. (Imper.) To transfer, 
that is, to bring or carry away, 
according as it is followed by mai 
or aku. The word is followed by 
a verbal directive to complete the 
sense, as ho aku, ho mai, ho ae. 
2. To wheeze; to breathe hard, as 
in the asthma. 

Hoa (ho-a'), adj. Roving; unsteady; 
movable. See hia. 

Hoa (ho'-a), n, 1. A tying; a bind- 
ing. 2. A companion; a fellow; a 
friend; an assistant. It is found 
in many compounds; as, hoapio, a 
fellow prisoner; hoamoe, a bed- 
fellow; hoahele, a traveling com- 
panion, etc. 

Hoa (ho'-a), v. 1. To tie; to secure 
by tying. 2. To bind; to wind 
round, as a rope or string. 3. To 
rig up, as a canoe: a ma ka wa e 
hoa ai ka waa, he kapu ka hoa 
ana. Alaila, hoaia ka pou me ka \ 
lohelau. 4. To smite forcibly with 
a single stroke of a heavy rod or \ 
club. I 

Hoa (ho-a'), v. 1. To set on fire, i 

2. To inflame ; to incite ; to | 
arouse. I 

Hoaa (ho'-a-a'), n. 1. A mistake; a 
blunder; an error. 2. Kindling, j 
that is, small pieces of fuel used j 
in starting a fire. I 

Hoaa (ho'-a'a), v. 1. To become I 
confusexi; to be disconcerted; to I 
lose self-possession. 2. To look | 
about with an air of uncertainty. I 

3. To lose one's way; to str^y or i 
wander. j 

Hoaahaama (ho'-a-a'-ha-a'i-na), n. 
[Ho for hoa, and ahaaina, a feast.] 
A fellow banqueter; one who eats 
at the same feast. 

Hoaa hi (ho-a'-a'-hi), n. One who 
kindles and tends fires. 

Hoaahi (ho-a'-a'-hi), v. To kindle a 

Hoaahu (ho'-a-a'-hu), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and aahu, to clothe.] 1. To 
clothe; to put on a garment. 2. To 
give tapa or clothes to. 

Hoaai (ho'-a-a'i), n. [Hoa, compan- 
ion, and ai, to eat.] One who eats 
with another in a friemdly way; a 
guest at a meal. 

Hoaaikane (ho'-a-ai-ka'-ne), n. A 
friendly companion. 

Hoaaina (ho'-a-a'i-na), n. [Hoa and 
aina, land.] 1. A person to whom 
the hakuaina or konohiki commits 
the care of his land. 2. A hus- 
bandman; a tiller of the ground 
for a konohiki or hakuaina. 

Hoaaloha (ho'-a-a-lo'-ha), n. [Hoa, 
companion, and aloha, to love.] 1. 
A friend: ia wa, ua lilo ko Hawaii 
nei i poe hoaaloha no na misio- 
nari, at that time the Hawaiians 
became friends to the missionar- 
ies. 2. A beloved companion. 

Hoaamaka (ho'-a-a'-ma'-ka), v. To 
look at with eyes wide open, as 
from desire, fear, hunger, etc. 

Hoaano (ho'-a-a'-no), n. 1. Pre- 
tense. 2. Assumed fearlessness; 
bluff. 3. Defiance. 

Hoaano (ho'-a-a'-no), v. 1. To pre- 
tend fearlessness; to boast of 
one's courage when the courage is 
not there. 2. To pretend to be 
something one is not. See aano. 

Hoaapu (ho'-a-a'-pu), v. [Ho and 
aapu, to warp; bend up.] To make 
a cup of the hollow of the hand: e 
hoaapu ae i kou poho lima, make 
the palm of your hand into a cup. 

Hoae (ho'-a'e), v. To give or trans- 
mit; to pass along from one to 
another. Hoae ke pa ia E; pass 
along the plate to E. 

Hoaea (ho'-a'-e'a), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and aea, to cause to wander about.] 
To pretend to wander; to behave 
like a wanderer or vagabond in 
order to accomplish a particular 

Hoaeae (ho-a'e-a'e), v. Same as 
hooaeae, to intone. 

Hoaha (ho'-a'-ha), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and aha, a cord.] 1. To make or 
braid together the strings for a 
calabash with netting. 2. To tie 
up a calabash: e hoaha i ka ipu. 
(Some of this net work was very 

Hoahaaha (ho'-a'-ha-a'-ha), v. 1. To 
sit crosslegged, while eating. 2. 
To exhibit pride in demeanor or 
attitude: he kanaka hoahaaha. 3. 
To be bent, stunted, crooked, or 

Hoahaaina (ho'-a'-ha-a'i-na), v. [Ho 
for hoo, aha, collection, and aina, 
to eat, to cause a collection for 
eating.] To make a feast. 

Hoahana (ho'-a-ha'-na), n. [Hoa, 
companion, and hana, to work.] 
1. A fellow laborer in any kind of 




business. 2. One that helps, re- 
lieves or relays. 
Hoahanau (ho'-a-ha-na'u), n. [Hoa, 
companion, and hanau, to be born.] 

1. A kinsman; a blood relative; 
a relative. 2. A brother in an 
extensive sense. (In a modern 
sense, a fellow professor of reli- 

Hoahanauna (ho'-a-ha-n^'u-na), n. 
[Hoa, companion, and hanauna, 
relations.] Relatives of one's own 
clan, tribe or nation. See hana- 

Hoahele (ho'-a-he'-le), n. [Hoa and 
hele, to go.] 1. A fellow traveler. 

2. A companion in walking. 
Hoahewa (ho'-a-he'-wa), v. 1. To 

find guilty of a crime or wrong; 
to pronounce guilty; to condemn. 
See ahewa and hewa. 

Hoahiahi (ho'-a'-hi-a'-hi), v. [Ho for 
hoc, and ahiahi, evening.] 1. To 
darken; to obscure. 2. To be 
neither clear nor dark. 3. To de- 
tain until evening. 

Hoaho (ho'-a'-ho), n. A close call; 
a narrow escape. 

Hoaho (ho'-a'-ho), v. [Ho and aho, 
small sticks used in thatching.] 
To tie aho on to a building. 

Hoaho (ho-a'-ho), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and aho, breath. To give breath 
to.] To put forth great effort; 
to have courage. 

Hoahoa (ho'-a-ho'-a). n. 1. A strik- 
ing, smiting, etc. 2. The mallet 
with which wauke was beaten to 
make tapa. 

Hoahoa (ho'-a-ho'-a), v. (Freq. of 
hoa, to strike.) To smite repeat- 
edly; to strike continuously. 

Hoahoaka (ho'-a-h6-a'-ka), adj. Bril- 
liant; luminous. 

Hoahoaka (ho'-a-h6-a'-ka), n. 1. A 
burning fire; a blaze; a bright 
light. 2. A flashing; brilliancy; 

Hoahoaka (ho'-a-h6-a'-ka), v. 1. To 
gleam; to flash; to glitter. 2. To 
burst forth in sudden flames. 3. 
To send forth rays of light. 

Hoahoalohaloha (ho'-a-ho'-a-lo'-ha-lo'- 
ha), n. [Hoa, companion, and 
aloha, love.] Loving friend. 

Hoahooilina (ho'-a-ho'o-i-li'-na), n. 
[Hoa, companion, hoo, causative, 
and ilina, an inheritance.] A fel- 
low heir to an inheritance. 

Hoahoolaukanaka (ho'-a-ho'o-la'u-ka- 
na'-ka), n. [Hoa, friend, hoo, cau- 

sative, lau, the number 400, ka- 
naka, man.] A social companion; 
social companions; an added mem- 
ber of a household. 

Hoahu (ho'-a-hu), adj. 1. Dissatis- 
fied. 2. Malevolent; ill disposed; 
rejoicing in another's misfortune. 

Hoahu (ho'-a'-hu), n. 1. An as- 
semblage of things; a collection. 

2. A collecting, as of property. 

3. A gathering together. 

Hoahu (ho'-a'-hu), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and ahu, a collection of things.] 

1. To cause a collection or gath- 
ering together. 2. To lay up, as 
goods for future use. 3. To col- 
lect articles; to lay up in heaps. 

4. To lay up against one, as 
anger; e hoahu ana i ka huhu ma- 
luna o kela poe. 5. To find fault 
with; to be dissatisfied with. 6. 
To be evilly disposed. 7. To dis- 
like. 8. To envy. 

Hoai (ho-a'i), n. 1. The joining of 
things sewed together: ka hoopili 
ana ma na hookuina. 2. In anat- 
omy, a suture; a joining: hoai 
manawa, coronal suture; hoai kau- 
paku, sagittal; hoai kala, lamb- 
doidal; hoai maha, temporal su- 
ture, etc. 

Hoai (ho-a'i), v. To set into; to put 
into; to insert. 

Hoalai (ho'-a'i-a'i), adj. White; 
clear; shining. 

Hoalai (ho'-a'i-a'i), n. 1. A soft 
clear white light; a pure light. 

2. Abstract whiteness. 

j Hoalai (ho'-a'i-a'i), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and aiai, to be white.] 1. To 
cause to be white, etc., that is, to 
whiten. 2. To clear off rust or 
dirt from a substance that it may 
shine. 3. To make clear, as the 
unclouded moon; to cause to shine 
as a light. 4. To be proud. 
Hoaikane (ho'-a'i-ka'-ne), v. [Ho for 
hoo, ai and kane.] See aikane. 1. 
To commit sodomy. 2. To be an 
intimate friend of the same sex. 

3. To be an intimate friend. 4. To 
make friends with a person of 
whom one is afraid. (Laieik. p. 
47.) 5. To make friends. 

Hoalkola (ho'-^i-ko'-la), n. 1. A 
sneer; a. sneering expression. 2. 
A contemptuous cheering; ironical 
commendation: ku no ka akaiki o 
lakou ame ko lakou hoalkola ana, 
their chuckling and their false 
cheering hit us. 3. Irony. 




Hoaikola (ho'-ai-ko'-la), v. 1. To ex- 
press triumph over another con- 
temptuously. Syn: Akola. 2. To 
cause contemptuous treatment. 

Hoailona (ho'-ai-lo'-na), n. 1. A 
mark; a signal. 2. A sign of 
something different from what it 
appears to be, 3. A sign or fore- 
runner of something coming to 
pass or expected. 4. A sign; a 
pledge; a distinguishing mark. 5. 
A signet. 6. A target; a mark to 
shoot at. 7. A lot cast, as in 
casting lots: ma ka hoailona, by 
lot. 8. A scepter; a badge of 

Hoailona (ho'-ai-lo'-na), v. 1. To 
sound the depth of water, that is, 
to throw the lead. 2. To mark; to 
set a mark upon one. 3. To cast 
lots for a thing. 4. To play dice. 
See hailona. 

Hoailonamoi (ho'-ai-lo'-na-mo-i), n. 
rHoailona, and moi, sovereignty.] 
A scepter; a badge or emblem of 
regal authority. 

Hoaimu (ho'-a-i'-mu), n. One who 
lights the fire of an imu (oven): 
O Lui ko makou hoaimu. 

Hoaimu (ho'-a-i'-mu), v. [Ho for 
hoo, a, to burn, and imu, oven.] To 
kindle a fire in the oven; to heat 
the oven. 

Hoaipoola (ho'-ai-po'o-la'), v. To 
belch after eating heartily. 

Hoaipukahale (ho-a'i-pu'-ka-ha'-le), n. 
In Hawaiian pathology the name 
of a class of fatal diseases. Wai- 
iki was the only remedy used. 
Hoakaipukahale, hoakaku and hoa- 
kakakai were diseases of the same 

Hoaipuupuu (h6'-ai-pu'u-pu'u), v. 
[Ho for hoo, and aipuupuu, to 
serve.] To issue provisions; to 
distribute food, garments, etc. See 

Hoaka (ho'-a'-ka), n. 1. One of the 
tabu days; the second day of the 
moon. 2. The crescent of the new 
moon; the hollow of the new 
moon. 3. The arch or lintel over 
a door. 

Hooka (ho'-a'-ka), v. 1. To brandish 
or to wave', as a speap in fighting 
II Sam. 23:18). 2. To drive 
away; to frighten. 3. To open; 
to open the mouth in speaking. 
Syn: Oaka. (Hoik. 13:6.) 4. To 
glitter; to shine; to be splendid. 

(Nahum. 2:3.) 5. Incorrect form 
of hoakaaka. 

Hoakaa (ho'-a-ka'a), v. To cause 
the removal of, or to remove the 
surface covering of anything, as 
to peel the bark off a tree, or to 
remove the hide of an animal. 

Hoakaaka (ho'-a'-ka-a'-ka), v. [Ho 
for hoo, and aka, to laugh.] 1. To 
cause laughter. 2. To laugh at; 
to mock; to reproach. 

Hoakaka (ho'-a-ka'-ka), n. An inter- 
pretation; an explication. 

Hoakaka (ho'-a-ka'-ka), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and akaka, clear; explicit.] 
To make plain; to make intelli- 
gible; to interpret. 

Hoakakala (ho'-a-ka'-ka-i'a), adj. 
Made clear; made plain; made 
manifest; rendered intelligible; 

Hoakakakai (ho'-a'-ka-ka-ka'i), n. An 
ancient disease, generally fatal. 
Called hoakakakai because the 
distress is under the kakai or re- 
gion of the loins. Syn: Haikala- 

Hoakakakala (ho'-a'-ka-ka'-la), n. 1. 
An ornament made of the teeth of 
a hog or dog and worn as a charm. 
2. A form or stage of venereal 

Hoakakea (ho'-a'-ka'-ke'a), n. [Ho- 
aka and kea, a cross.] The arch 
over a door; a lintel. 

Hoakaku (ho'-a'-ka-ku'), n. 1. A 
vision; an apparition; a phantom. 
2. An internal disease resembling, 
but not so fatal, as the hoakaka- 

Hoakaku (ho'-a-ka-ku'), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and akaku, a vision.] To have 
a supernatural or visionary sight. 

Hoakaua (ho'-a-ka'u-a), n. [Hoa, 
companion, and kaua, war,] 1. A 
fellow soldier. 2. One against 
whom a soldier is fighting. 3. An 
antagonist. Syn: Hoapaio. 

Hoakauwa (ho'-a-kau-wa'), n. [Hoa, 
companion, and kauwa, a servant.] 
A fellow servant. 

Hoakea (ho'-a-ke'-a), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and akea, broad.] 1. To make 
broad or wide; to cause enlarge- 
ment; hence, 2. To deliver from 

Hoakeaia (ho'-a-ke'-a-i'a), n. 1. En- 
largment. 2. Escape; deliverance. 

Hoakeaia (ho'-a-ke'-a-i'a), v. [Past 
tense of hoakea.] Made wide; 
broadened; enlarged. 




Hoaki (ho'-a'-ki), v. 1. To plot. 2. 
To seek ground for accusation. 

3. To charge with evil conduct. 

4. To withhold from the landlord 
his due: hoaki i ka hakuaina. 

Hoakoa (ho'-a-k5'-a), n. [Hoa, com- 
panion, and koa, soldier,] A fel- 
low soldier; one under the same 
leader. Syn: Hoakaua. 

Hoakoakoa (ho'-a-k6'-a-k5'-a), v. 
[Ho for hoc, and akoakoa, to as- 
semble.] 1. To assemble; to con- 
gregate. 2. To collect, as things 
generally. Syn: Akoakoa. 

Hoakuka (ho'-a-ku-ka'), n. (Also 
known as hoakukakuka.) [Hoa, 
companion, and kuka, to consult.] 
A fellow counsellor; an adviser. 

Hoala (ho'-a'-la), v. [Ho for hoc, 
and ala, to rise up.] 1. To raise 
from a prostrate position. 2. To 
wake from sleep; to cause one to 
wake. 3. To excite; to stir up; 
to arouse. 4. To rouse one to 

Hoalaala (ho'-a'-la-a'-la), v. [Inten- 
sive of hoala.] 1. To incite; to 
urge on to action. 2. To waken 
from sleep or from a state of in- 
action or indifference. 

Hoa la la (ho'-a'-la-la'), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and alala, to cry out.] To 
make one cry out plaintively (like 
the alala, the raven of Hawaii). 
Syn : Alala. 

Hoalalahia (ho'-a'-la-la'-hi'-a), n. 
Wakefulness; insomnia. 

Hoalalahia (ho'-a'-la-la'-hi'-a), v. [Also 
spelled hoalaalahia.] 1. To be 
wakeful. 2. To be unable to sleep 
from agitation. 

Hoalauna (ho'-a-la'u-na), n. [Hoa, 
companion, and launa, friendly.] 
1. A close companion; an intimate 
friend who is always near. 2. A 

Hoalawaia (ho'-a-la-wa'-i'a), n. [Hoa, 
companion and lawaia, a fisher- 
man.] A fellow fisherman. 

Hoalawehana (ho'-a-la'-we-ha'-na), n. 
[Hoa, companion, lawe, to bear, 
and hana, work.] A fellow labor- 
er; a fellow workman; a helper; 
an assistant. See lawehana. 

Hoalawepu (ho'-a-la'-we-pu'), n. [Hoa 
and lawe, to carry, and pu, to- 
gether.] 1. One who works with 
another; a partner in labor. 2. A 
partner or confidential agent who 
shares responsibilities and confi- 

Hoaleale (ho'-a'-le-a'-le), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and ale, a wave.] 1. To make 
or cause waves in water; to stir 
up, as water. Syn: Aleale. 2. 
To stir; to agitate; to cause to 
debate or discuss. 3. To insti- 
gate; to rouse to action. 4. To 
create confusion; to cause public 
commotion; to induce tumult. 

Hoali (ho'-a'-li), adj. Wavy; undu- 
lating; partaking of the nature of 
hoali, a signal. 

Hoali (ho'-a'-li), n, A signal or sign 
made by a waving motion. 

Hoali (ho'-a'-li), v. 1. To wave; to 
signal. 2. To make an offering 
to the gods by signals or signs. 
3. To stir up, as embers of a fire, 
or the dregs in a cup. 

Hoaliali (ho'-a'-li-a'-li), v. 1. To stir 
with the hand as in mixing bread 
or poi. 2, To poke or disturb, as 
in shaking up embers or smoul- 
dering ashes. 

Hoaliali (ho'-a'-li-a'-li), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and aliali, to whiten.] 1. To 
make white. 2. To cause to shine. 
3. To signify offerings to the 
gods by waving; to indicate an 
offering by motion. 
I Hoali! (ho'-a'-li'i), adj. [Ho for hoo, 
I and alii, chief; king.] Causing a 
royal appearance; imitating roy- 
alty. See hooalii. 

Hoali i (ho'-a-li'i), n. [Contraction of 

hoa, companion, and alii chief.] 

I The companion of the king or 

high chief: kukuluia i hale kamala 

I no ka hoalii, a moe no ka hoalii 

I ma ua hale la. 

I Hoalo (ho'-a'-lo), n. 1. An elision; 
an omission of a part. 2. One 
who omits a part or a number in 
a regular series. 

Hoalo (h5'-a'-lo), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and alo, to dodge.] 1. To shun or 
avoid. 2. To escape from. 3. To 
omit or skip: ka hana i kekahi la, 
ka noho wale i kekahi la, to work 
one day, to do nothing one day. 
See alo. 

Hoaloaa (ho'-aio-a'a), n. [Hoa, com- 
panion, and loaa, to obtain.] 1. A 
fellow receiver; a partaker with 
one. 2. One who receives as much 
as another: ka loaa like. 

Hoaloalo (h6'-a'-16-a'-lo), v. [Freq. of 
hoalo.] To dodge or pass by fre- 




Hoaloha (ho'-a-16'-ha), n. [A con- 
traction of hoaaloha.] A friend; 
a beloved companion. 

Hoalohaloha (ho'-a-16'-ha-16'-ha), v. 
[Ho for hoo, and aloha, to love.] 
1. To give thanks for something 
received. 2. To make suit to; to 
pay respects to. (Job. VII: 19.) To 
apply to for a favor. (Laieik. 
p. 72.) 

Hoalu (ho'-a'-lu), adj. 1. Yielding; 
bending. 2. Loose. 3. Hanging 

Hoalu (ho'-a-lu), n. 1. A depression 
on any flat surface of land. 2. A 
bending downward. 3. A slack- 

Hoalu (ho'-a'-lu), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and alu, flexible.] 1. To loosen; 
to hang down. Syn: Alu. 2. To 
bow down; to stoop; to courtesy. 
Syn: Alu. 

Hoalualu (ho'-a'-lu-a'-lu), adj. 1. 
Loose. 2, Bending down. 3. Yield- 

Hoalualu (ho'-a'-lu-a'-lu), n. The act 
or process of making soft, loose, 
pliable, etc. 

Hoalualu (ho'-a'-lu-a'-lu), v. [Freq. of 
Hoalu.] 1. To be soft; flexible; 
yielding. 2. To bow down. 

Hoaluhl (ho'-a-lu'-hi), n. [Hoa, com- 
panion, and luhl, fatigue from la- 
bor.] A companion or fellow la- 
borer in any work or business, 
whether there be much or little 
fatigue: eia keia, e o'u hoaluhl. 

Hoama (ho'-a'-ma), v. To begin to 

Hoana (ho'-a'-na), n. A species of 
diodon, also known as kohala or 
kohala hoana. The* species are 
mostly inhabitants of tropical seas ; 
they are generally known as por- 
cupine fishes. 

Hoana (ho'-a'-na), n. 1. A kind of 

stone used in polishing and in 

sharpening instruments. 2. A 

hone; a whetstone; a grindstone. 

Hoana (ho'-a'-na), v. 1. To rub, as 

with a stone. 2. To grind, as 

with a grindstone. Syn: Anai. 

(Hookala is more often used for 

grinding, that is, for sharpening 


Hoanae (ho'-a-na-e'), v. 1. To save; 

to stow away for future use. 2. 

To withhold from present use for 

another purpose. 

Hoanahua (ho'-a'-na-hu'-a), adj. Un- 

balanced physically; out of pro- 
portion; lop-sided. 

Hoanahua (ho'-a'-na-hu'-a), n. 1. A 
tall, slim, stoop-shouldered man. 
2. A deformed or misshapen per- 
son or thing. See kanahua. 3. 
Deformation; lopsidedness. 

Hoanahua (ho'-a'-na-hu'-a), v. [Ho 
for hoo, and anahua, bending.] 1. 
To stoop; to bend over, as a tall, 
slim man who walks stoop-shoul- 
dered. See anahua and kanahua. 
2. To be out of shape; to be 
crooked or deformed. 

Hoanakaa (ho'-a'-na-ka'a), adj. Roll- 
ing or revolving as applied to a 
hone or grindstone: he hoana kaa. 

Hoanakaa (ho'-a'-na-ka'a), n. [Ho- 
ana, a hone or whetstone, and kaa 
to roll] A grindstone. 

Hoanapa (ho'-a'-na'-pa), n. 1. Light 
which is reflected or transient. 
2. A bright flashing light, like 

Hoanapa (ho'-a-na'-pa). v. [Ho for 
hoo, and anapa, to flash; to shine.] 

1. To exhibit a flashing light. 

2. To cause sudden reflected light, 
as from a mirror. 3. To cause to 
flash, as lightning. 4. To cause to 
glitter or shine. See anapa. 

Hoanapau (ho'-a'-na-pa'u), n, 1. A 
turning or twisting of the body. 
See anapau. 2. The final or finish- 
ing movement in a hula dance. 

Hoanapau (ho'-a'-na-pa'u), v. 1. To 
make a rotary motion as though 
revolving on an axis. 2. To per- 
form the finishing movement of a 
specific hula or dance called hula- 

Hoanapuu (ho'-a'-na-pu'u), n. 1. A 
crooking; a bending. 2. An undu- 
lating motion. 3. Protuberances. 
See anapuu. 

Hoanapuu (ho'-a'-na-pu'u), n. 1. The 
process of bending. 2. A bend- 
ing; a crooking: he hoanapuu. 

Hoanapuu (ho'-a'-na-pu'u). v. 1. To 
twist; to bend. 2. To undulate, 
as the air. 

Hoanapuu (ho'-a'-na-pu'u), V. 1. To 
crook, as a piece of timber. 2. To 
be uneven, or irregular in size or 
shape. 3. To project. 4. To make 
an angle. Syn: Anapuu. 5. To 
cause a thing to bend or be 

Hoano (ho'-a'-no), adj. Holy; de- 
voted to sacred use's. 




Hoano (ho'-a'-no). n. 1. Pride; self 
confidence; a high, daring spirit. 
See hoaano and aano. 2. Boasting 
of one's bravery. See haano. 

Hoano (ho'-a'-no), v. 1. To rever- 
ence; to attribute divine honor to. 
2. To hallow. 3. To render 
obeisance to. 

Hoanoho (ho'-a-no'-ho), n. [Hoa, 
companion, and noho, to dwell. J 
A neighbor; one who resides with 
or near another. 

Hoao (ho'-a'o), adj. Pertaining to 
or describing the night of the day 
called Huna, the eleventh night 
after Hilo or the new moon, when 
the Hoao, or nuptials, were sup- 
posed to become fixed. 

Hoao (ho'-ao), n. The ancient Ha- 
waiian marriage custom. 

Hoao (ho'-a'o), v. [Ho for hoo, and 
ao. to try.] 1. To make a trial of 
a thing. 2. To taste. 3. To tempt. 
4. To assay. 5. To begin. (See 
Laieik. p. 184.) 6. To undertake. 

Hoaolelo (ho'-a-o-le'-lo), n. [Hoa, 
companion, and olelo, word.] 1. A 
companion with whom one con- 
verses. 2. One consulted on busi- 
ness. 3. A counsellor: o lakou no 
ko Kamehameha mau hoaolelo no 
kela mea keda mea nui o ke au- 
puni, those were Kamehameha's 
counsellors concerning every im- 
portant matter of the kingdom. 

Hoaopuinoino (h6'-S,-5'-pii-i'-no-r-no), 
n. [Hoa and opuino, evilly dis- 
posed.] 1. A companion in 
crime. 2. One who is similar, in j 
evil tendencies. 3. An associate 
In crime who has turned against 
his companion. 

Hoapaio (ho'-a-pa'i-o), n. [Hoa, com- 
panion, and palo, to contend.] 
An antagonist; an opponent in 
wrestling or fighting. 

Hoapaonioni (ho'-a-pa'-o'-ni-o'-ni), n. 
[Hoa, companion, and pao'nioni, to 
struggle.] A fellow contestant. ' 
See paonioni. 

Hoapapua (ho'-a-pa'-pu'-a), n. CHoa, 
companion, and papua, to throw 
arrows.] One who plays with or 
bets with another in the game of 
papua or keapua (throwing or 
shooting arrows of sugar-cane). 

Hoapi (ho'-a'-pi), v. (Contraction of 
the phrase hoao e pi.) 1. To un- 
dertake as a tenant (hoaaina) to 
cheat his master, or hakuaina, in 
order that he (the tenant) may be 

required to vacate his tenancy. 
See hoaki. 2. To try to cheat a 
landlord so as to break a lease. 

Hoapill (ho'-a-pi'-li), n. [Hoa, com- 
panion, and pill, to adhere.] 1. 
Close companion; a friend. 2. An 
attache. (Formerly one who at- 
tached himself to a chief and was 
his constant companion.) 

Hoapio (ho'-a-pl'-o), n. [Hoa, fellow, 
and plo, prisoner.] A fellow pris- 

Hoapipi (ho'-a'-pi'-pi), v. 1. To Join 
together, as two or more canoes: 
he waa aole i hoapipiia, he waa 
hookahi. (Ancient Hawaiian.) 2. 
To drive or round up cattle. (Mod- 

Hoapono (ho'-a-p6'-no), adj. Ap- 
proved; right; worthy. 

Hoapono (ho'-a-po'-no), n. Approba- 
tion; sanction. 

Hoapono (ho'-a-p6'-no), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and apono, to approve.] 1. To 
pronounce blameless. 2. To ap- 
prove. 3. To find not guilty in 
a trial. 

Hoau (ho'-a'u), v. 1. To float. 2. To 
cause to swim. 3. To learn to 
swim. 4. To teach to swim. 

Hoau (ho'-a'u), v. 1. To dedicate; 
to set apart for a special purpose. 
2. To initiate a bride into the 
customs of marriage. 3. To wash 
garments by beating, as the Ha- 
waiians washed. 

Hoauau (ho'-a'u-a'u), n. A cleansing 
by the use of water; a bath. 

Hoauau (hp'-a'u-a'u), n. 1. Quick- 
ness in doing a thing. 2. Haste. 

Hoauau (ho'-a'u-a'u), v. 1. To hur- 
ry; to quicken to action. 2. To 
excite; to stimulate. 

Hoauau (ho'-a'u-a'u), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and au, to swim, or auau, to wash.] 
To wash the body; to bathe. 

Hoauauwaha (ho'-a'u-a'u-wa'-ha), v. 
Obsolete form of hoauwaha. 

Hoauhee (ho'-^u-he'e), v. To cause 
to flee, as an army; to rout; to 
put to flight. See hee. 

Hoauheehee (ho'-au-he'e-he'e), v. To 
cause things to be scattered about, 
as leaves or dust by the wind. 

Hoauhuiu (ho'-a'u-hu'-lu), v. To dis- 
perse; to cause to vanish. See 

Hoaulll (ho'-au-li'i), adj. 1. Nice. 2. 
Well dressed. 3. Straight. 4. 
Skillful. See mikioi. 




Hoaulil (ho'-au-li'i), v. 1. To finish 
in a perfect manner. 2. To cause- 
to appear comely, polished, etc. 

Hoaumoe (ho'-au-mo'-e), n. A lodger 
or guest for one night, 

Hoaumoe (ho'-au-mo'-e), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and aumoe, midnight.] 1. To 
pass the night with or at. 2. To 
plan to arrive at night. 

Hoauna (ho'-a-u'-na), n. [Hoa, com- 
panion, and una, to send.] One 
who accompanies a messenger. 

Hoauna (ho'-a'u-na), v. [Ho for hoo. 
and auna, a flock.] 1. To collect 
or assemble, as a flock of birds. 
2. To cause to assemble. 

Hoauwaepuu (ho'-au-wa'e-pu'u), adj. 
Serving to prevent by fear, etc. 

Hoauwaepuu (ho'-au-wa'e-pu'u), n. 1. 
Discouragement. 2. That which 
prevents by discouraging. 

Hoauwaepuu (ho'-au-wa'e-pu'u), v. 1. 
To find fault. 2. To discourage; 
to dishearten. 3. To deter. 4. To 
prevent by fear. 

Hoauwaha (ho-a'u-wa'-ha), v. 1. To 
make a ditch or trench; to dig a 
channel for water, 2. To plow a 

Hoawa (ho'-a'-wa), n. A tree 18 to 
20 feet high (Pittosporum acumi- 
natum), also known as papaahe- 

Hoawa (ho'-a'-wa), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and awa, bitter.] 1. To make bit- 
ter to the taste. 2. To make a 
decoction out of leaves or barks 
for the purpose of extracting col- 
ors for a dyestuff. 

Hoawaa (ho'-a-wa'a), n. The tack- 
ling or rigging of a canoe, tying 
on the ako, etc.; o ka aha, he mea 
hoawaa ia, a e holo ai. 

Hoawaawa (ho'-a'-wa-a'-wa), adj. 1. 
Bitter to the taste, 2. Severe; 
cruel; hard. 

Hoawaawa (h5'-a'-wa-a'-wa), n. A 
rising in the stomach from sour- 
ness or other causes. 

Hoawaawa (ho'-a'-wa-a'-wa), v. [Ho 
for hoo, and awaawa, bitter,] 1. 
To make bitter; to cause bitter- 
ness. 2. To be hard; to be cruel; 
to embitter one's life; to curse. 

Hoawahia (ho'-a'-wa'hi'-a), v. To 
cause bitterness; to cause sadness, 
sorrow, suffering, 

Hoawa wa (ho'-a-wa'-wa), v, [Ho for 
hoo, and awawa, a ditch,] 1. To 
make a ditch or furrow. 2, To 
make or cause a groove. 

Hoawe (ho'-a'-we), n. [Ho and awe, 
a burden.] A weight carried on 
the back. 

Hoawe (ho'-a'-we), v. Obsolete form 
of haawe. [Ho for hoo, and awe, 
to carry on the back.] To carry 
on the back, as a child or a per- 

Hoaweawe (h5'-a'-we-a'-we), n. Sprout 
or sprouts that start from the 
roots of tuberous plants, as the 
potato, etc. See haaweawe. 

Hoaweawea (ho'-a'-we'a-we'a), adj. 
Faded; discolored: ke kikohukohu 
hoaweawea a ke kal. 

Hoaweawea (ho'-a'-we'a-we'a), n. 
Dimness of the eyes; dullness of 
vision; defective sight. 

Hoaweawea (ho'-a'-we'a-we'a), v. 1. 
To discolor; to cause to disap- 
pear or fade gradually, as color 
fades. 2. To have obscure vision. 

Hoe (ho'-e), n. A paddle for a ca- 
noe; an oar for a boat. 

Hoea (ho-e'-a), v. To be in sight; 
to be risen; to have arrived. See 

Hoeha (ho'-e'-ha), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and eha, pain.] To cause pain; to 
give pain. 

Hoehaeha (ho'-e'-ha-e'-ha), adj. Trou- 
blesome; wearisome; burdensome; 
causing trouble, pain or distress. 

Hoehaeha (ho'-e'-ha-e'-ha), n. The 
act or process of inflicting pain. 

Hoehaeha (ho'-e'-ha-e'-ha), v. To 
give pain, bodily or mentally; to 
vex; to harass; to get one into 
perplexity; to oppress. 

Hoehoe (ho'-e-ho'e), n. 1. The 
shoulder-blade, from its resem- 
blance to a canoe paddle (hoe) : 
ka iwi ma ke kumu o ka iwi 
uluna, 2. A tubular wind instru- 
ment among Hawaiians somewhat 
resembling the flute. Same as 

Hoehoe (ho'-e-ho'-e), v. [Freq. of 
hoe.] To paddle a canoe; to row 
a boat. 

Hoehoena (ho'-e-ho-e'-na), v. 1. To 
be made quiet or charmed by the 
notes of the hoehoe. 2. To be 
charmed by any music. 

Hoehoene (ho'-e-ho-e'-ne), v. 1. To 
play softly on the hoehoe. 2. To 
captivate or delight with the sound 
of the hoehoe. To be charmed by 
a chant (oli), or any plaintive mu- 
sical sound. 3. To pierce the lobe 
of the ear by the application of an 




acid found in the bark of the 
hiliee. i 

Hoehu (ho'-e'-hu), v. [Ho for hoo, I 
and ehu, to scare away.] 1. To I 
drive or frighten away: e hoehu 
i ka puaa e ku mai nei, drive away 
the pig standing here. 2. To ' 
arouse to action from a state of i 
rest; to incite; to urge. 3. To | 
whiten. ! 

Hoeleele (ho'-e'-le-e'-le), v. [Ho for | 
hoo, and eleele, dark.] To make; 
black; to darken. j 

HoeleikI (ho'-e-le-i'-ki), v. 1. To com- 1 
mit robbery. 2. To watch for an 
opportunity to do harm. I 

Hoelo (ho'-e'-lo), adj. Urging; | 
throwing in. (Obsolete.) I 

Hoelo (ho'-e'-lo), v. To stir; to dis- 1 
turb the relative position of things, ! 
as one scatters the heated stones ! 
of an imu or oven; ulu i ka imu. 

Hoeloelo (ho'-e'-lo-e'-lo), v. [Freq. of 
Hoelo]. See hoelo, v. 

Hoemi (h5'-e'-mi), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and emi, to lessen.] 1. To cause 
a diminution; to lessen. 2. To 
return backward; to fall behind. 
3. To drive back; to put down. 

Hoemiemi (ho'-e'-mi-e'-mi), v. [See 
hoemi.] 1. To cause to shrink back, 
as the mind; to doubt; to hesi- 
tate. 2. To dispute about a pur- 
chase; to bandy words about a 
price; to depreciate the worth of; 
to undervalue in a bargain. 3. To 
fall back or retreat little by little. 

Hoemu (ho'-e'-mu), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and emu, to throw away.] To cast 
away; to banish; to drive off. 
See hoehu. 

Hoena (ho'-e'-na), n. [Ho for hoo, 
and ena, to rage, as fire.] To 
cause to burn or glow with heat. 

Hoenaena (ho'-e'-na-e'-na), v. 1. To 
cause to be very hot; to heat to a 
glow. 2. To make angry; to 

Hoene (ho'-e'-ne), n. 1. The low, 
gentle melody of musical tones, j 
2. The pleasure or enjoyment of | 
listening to such tones. 3. Pleas- 1 
ure; enjoyment: o ka hoene ku j 
o ka uwe a ka lani. 4. Abortion. 
5. Medicine used for abortion. 

Hoene (ho'-e'-ne), v. 1. To produce 
melody in song; to cause low sweet 
succession of sounds in recital or 
song. 2. To cause abortion by ex- 
ternal applications of poisonous 

Hoeno (ho'-e'-no), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and eno, to be wild.] 1. To be 
easily frightened, as an animal 
once tame, that has become wild. 
See ahiu. 2. To cause to be wild. 
3. To become shy, wary or coy. 

Hoepa (ho'-e'-pa), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and epa, to deceive.] 1. To de- 
ceive; to cheat; to act basely in' 
everything. 2. To counterfeit; to 
carry on a deception; to dissem- 
ble. See epa. 

Hoepaepa (ho'-e'-pa-e'-pa), v. [Freq. 
of hoepa.] 1. To do the acts of a 
general bad character; to steal; 
to cheat; to slander, etc. See 
epa. 2. To practice deception in 
any form. 3. To deceive by trick- 
ery; to humbug; to bamboozle. 

Hoeuli (ho'-e-uMi), n. [Hoe, a pad- 
dle, and uli, to steer.] A rudder. 

Hoewa (ho'-e'-wa), v. [Ho, for hoo, 
and ewa, to turn aside.] To be 
one-sided; to lean over; to sway 
to and fro like an old grass house 
in the wind. 

Hoewaa (ho'-e-wa'a), n. An oars- 
man; one who rows a boat or 
paddles a canoe. (Laieik. p. 35.) 

Hoewaa (ho'-e-wa'a), v. [Hoe, pad- 
dle, and waa, canoe.] To paddle a 

Hohana (ho'-ha'-na), n. 1, Measure 
used by Hawaiians in apportioning 
food. The measure in common 
use among fishermen was a bail- 
ing cup or a double handful. 2. A 
measure, both hands full, used in 
giving out food, small fish, etc. 
3. A small measure box or cala- 

Hohana (ho'-ha'-na), v. 1. To grasp; 
to seize hold of with the hand; to 
hold fast; e puili. 2. To distrib- 
ute by measure. (The usual meas- 
ure was as much as a hand or two 
hands would contain. Ancient 
Hawaiian fishermen reckoned their 
catches of small fish by handfuls, 
and apportioned their gains by 
hand measure, or by a small dip- 
per made out of a calabash.) 

Hohe (ho'-he'), adj. Fearful; tim- 

Ho he (ho'-he'), n. 1. Fear; terror. 
2. A coward. 

Hohe (ho'-he'), v. [A contraction of 
holo, to run, and hee, ^o flee or 
melt away through fear.] 1. To 
lack courage; to be a coward; to 
be fearful. 2. To be overcome 




with fear. 3. To flee from fear. 
4. To be overcome or routed. 

Ho he he (ho'-he-he), adj. Faint- 
hearted; weak from fright. 

Hohewale (ho'-he'-wa'-le), n. A flee- 
ing without cause; cowardice. 

Hohewale (ho'-he'-wa'-le), v. To be 

. afraid without reason. 

Hoho (ho'-ho'), n. 1. Hollow mur- 
muring or roaring, as of rushing 
waters. 2. The distant sound of 
a small cataract. 3. Sound caused 
by the rush of compressed air or 

Hoho (ho'-ho'), V. 1. To make a hoarse 
gurgling noise as water over a 
sinking canoe; to gurgle: Ke hoho 
mai la ka liu, the leak gurgles. 

Hoho (ho'-ho'), V. 1. To snore. 
2. To breathe hard. 3. To gurgle. 
4. To snort, as a horse: alalia, 
hoho mai ka lio. 

Hohoa (h6'-ho'-a), n. 1. The process 
of beating used in making tapa or 
native cloth. 2. The mallet used 
in beating the bark into tapa. 3. 
A war club. See pahoa. 

Hohoa (ho'-ho'-a), v. 1. To strike 
repeatedly with the hohoa, the 
mallet used in making tapa. 2. To 
beat dyed tapa. This was done to 
soften it. 3. To smooth or even 
kapa or tapa out by beating; ap- 
plied to the first process in beat- 
ing. 4. To strike, as in fighting. 

Hohohoi (h6'-h6'-ho'i), v. (See Hoi, 
to return.) To return again. Used 
only in the plural form and ap- 
plied only to a number of three or 
more. E hohoi kakou, let us go 
back. It differs from uhoi in that 
uhoi applies only to two, as: E 
uhoi kaua, let us two go back. 

Hohoka (ho'-ho'-ka), v. See hoka. 

1. To be ashamed. 2. To be 
baffled; to be foiled. 

Hohola (ho'-ho'-la), adj. Open; un- 
sealed; me ka palapala i hoholaia, 
with an open letter. 

Hohola (ho'-ho'-la), v. [Ho, and hola, 
to spread.] 1. To unfold; to 
spread out and make smooth, as 
tapa, nets, mats, etc. 2. To over- 
cast or cover over, as spreading 
clouds. 3. To extend or stretch 
out over, as the wings of a bird in 
its flight. 

Ho hole (ho'-h5'-le), v. [Ho, and 
uhole, to skin; to peel.] 1. To 
peel off the skin, as a banana. 

2. To skin, as an animal. 3. To 

rub; to file off; to strip off the 
surface of. 

Hoholo (ho'-ho'-lo), n. A sliding; a 
sudden or irresistible moving of 

Hoholo (ho'-ho'-lo), v. [Ho and holo, 
to slip.] 1. To slide off. 2. To 
move along the surface of. 

Hohoma (ho'-ho'-ma), adj: Reduced 
in flesh; poor; lean. 

Hohoma (ho'-ho'-ma), v. [Ho and 
homa, lean.] To be poor in flesh; 
to be lean. 

Hohono (h6'-h6'-no), n. An odor 
which partakes of the nature of 
its organic source. 

Hohono (h6'-ho'-no), v. To smell 
strongly, as tar or burning sul- 
phur; to be offensive to the smell. 

Hohonu (h6'-ho'-nu), adj. Deep, as 
a pit or a well. 

Hohonu (h6'-ho'-nu), n. The deep, 
that is, the deep sea; the depth. 

Hohonu (h6'-h6'-nu), v. 1. To be 
deep, as water; to be deep down, 
as a pit. 2. To be full, that is, 
deep, as the sea at full tide. 

Hohopa (h6'-ho'-pa), adj. Long, thin, 
slender: he kanaka hohopa, a 
thin slender man. 

Hohule (ho'-hu'-le), adj. Hairless; 
destitute of hair on any part of 
the body. 

Hohule (ho'-hu'-le), n. A word used 
in ancient Hawaii to describe a 
completely hairless person. 

Hoi (ho'i), adv. An intensive ad- 
verb which emphasizes the next 
word or phrase. Also; besides; 
moreover; indeed; no hoi, also; 

Hoi (hoi), n. 1. A species of yam 
(Dioscorea sativa), common in the 
forests of the lower elevations. It 
was cultivated for the supply of 
ships before the introduction of 
the potato. 2. An ancient system 
of polygamy practiced among the 
chiefs and permitted only to chiefs. 

Hoi (ho'i), V. To go back. Hoi is 
seldom used alone, but is followed 
by the adverbs, mai, aku, hou, loa, 
wale, etc., as: hoi mai, come 
back; hoi aku, go back; hoi hou, 
go again or come again; hoi loa, 
go for good, or not to return; hoi 
wale, to return only, that is, with 

Hoi hi (ho'-i'-hi), v. To make sacred; 
to cause to be hallowed. See ihi, 




Holhoi (ho'-i'-ho'-i), adj. Glad; joy- 
ful; gratified; well pleased. 

Hoihoi (ho'-i-ho'-i), n. 1. Joy; glad- 
ness; good feeling; rejoicing; 
cheerfulness, gratification in a 
thing: Me ka hoihoi, me ka hau- 
oli ame ka manao lana, with good 
feeling, with joy and with hope. 
2. Hopefulness; a state of being 
infused with happy anticipations. 

Hoihoi (ho'i-ho'i), v. See hoi. 1. 
To restore; to bring back. 2. To 
send back; to dismiss; to send 

Hoihoi (ho'i-ho'i), v. To return; to 
go back; used for hoi. 

Hoihoi (ho'-i-ho'-i), v. 1. To be 
pleased; to rejoice; to be joyful. 
2. To give pleasure. 3. To be 
made glad. 4. To be infused with 
life or hope. 

Hoihope (ho'i-ho'-pe), v. [Hoi, to 
return, and hope, backwards.] 1. 
To go back after an advance; to 
turn back. 2, To return to former 
practices after a reformation. 3. 
To revolt, as one taken captive. 

Hoihou (ho'i-ho'-u), n. In music, the 
character signifying a repeat. 

Hoihou (ho'i-ho'u), v. [Hoi, to re- 
turn, and hou, again.] To return 

Hoi I (hoM-i'), adj. Closefisted; nig- 
gardly; stingy. 

Hoii (ho'-i-i'), n. 1. Stinginess; 
closeness in dealing. 2. Hard 
and cruel oppression of the weak 
and poor. 

Hoii (ho'-i-i'), v. [Ho for hoo, and 
ii, parsimonious.] See ii and 
kaii. 1. To save; to be thrifty. 
2. To be close; parsimonious; to 
be close in bargaining. 3. To 
squeeze or work out of another 
some little favor. 4. To be hard 
upon; to oppress: o ka hookohu- 
kohu ame ka hoii a kanaka no ke 

Hoiimaka (ho'-i-i'-ma'-ka), v. [Ho for 
hoo, ii, to be hard, and maka, 
face.] To forbid or discountenance 
iniquity openly, but favor it se- 
cretly in practice; to play the 
Hoike (ho'-i'-ke), adj. Plain; clear; 
relating to or containing testi- 
Hoike (ho'-i'-ke), adv. Openly; vis- 
ibly; clearly. 
Hoike (ho'-i'-ke), n. 1. An exhibi- 
tion, as of a school. 2. A witness 

of an event; a witness in court. 
Syn: Ikemaka, a witness, and 
hoikemaka, an eye-witness, 3. Tes- 
timony; an attestation; proof. 

Hoike (ho'-i'-ke), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and ike, to know.] 1. To cause 
to know; to make known. 2. To 
show; to make a display: e uni- 
hi, e puka iwaho; to exhibit. 3. 
To explain, as in language. 4. To 
set forth; to testify. 

Hoikeana (ho'-i'-ke-a'-na), n. 1. A 
show; an exhibition. 2. The name 
of the last book in the Bible, 

Hoike ike (ho'-i'-ke-i'-ke), n. That 
which makes clear; a narration 
which relates particulars. 
Hoike ike (ho'-i'-ke-i'-ke), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and ike, to know.] 1. To 
make known; to communicate 
knowledge; to point out truths or 

Ho Hi (ho'-i'-li), v. 1. To convey 
from one person or place to anoth- 
er; to transmit. 2. To bequeath; 
to leave by will. 3. To set on 
shore, as a ship on a coast. 
Hoilihune (ho'-I'-li-hil'-ne), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and ilihune, poor; destitute.] 
1. To make one poor; to deprive 
one of his property. 2. To be 
humble; lowly. See ilihune. 
Hoiliili (ho-i'-li-I'-li), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and iliiii, to collect.] 1. To 
collect. 2. To lay up; to heap 

I together. 

j Hoilikole (ho'-I-li-ko'-le), v. [Ho for 

I hoo, and ilikole, raw skin.] To 
make very poor; to deprive of all 

I comforts, leaving the victim noth- 
ing but his skin. 
Hoilo (ho'-i'-lo), adj. Pertaining to 
the germinating process of seeds. 
Hoilo (ho'-i'-lo), V. To cause seeds 

I to sprout before placing in a seed 

I bed. 

I Hoiloilo (ho'-i'-lo-i'-lo), v. Freq. of 

I hoilo, to force seeds. 
Hoimi (ho'-i-mi), v. [Ho for hoo, 

I and imi, to seek.] To search dil- 
Hoinaina (ho'-i'-na-i'-na), v. 1. To in- 
fluence unfavorably by false rep- 
resentation; to circulate false re- 
ports for the purpose of prejudg- 
ing; to bias the mind by idle 
chatter. 2. To give repose by the 
utterance of soft musical sounds, 
as the under-tones of the oli or 
Hawaiian song. 




Hoino (ho'-i'no), adj. Opprobrious; 
abusive; insolent; insulting; wor- 
thy of reprehension. 

Hoino (ho'-i'-no), adv. Abusively: 
Mai olelo hoino; do not speak 

Hoino (ho'-i'-no), n. Reproach with- 
out reason; contempt; vilification. 

Hoino (ho'-i'no), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and Ino, bad. Literally, to make 
or carry evil to.] 1. To censure 
meanly; to speak evil maliciously 
of. 2. To harm; to abuse in 
speech; to curse; to reproach 
without reason. 3. To degrade by 
report; to defame; to insult; to 

Hoinola (ho'i'-nS-i'a), adj. [Passive 
of hoino.] Reproached; cursed. 

Holtnoino (ho'-i'-n6-i'-no), v. To de- 
face, to disfigure; to sadden; to 
disguise, as the face by austerity. 

Hoinu (ho-i'-nu), v. Incorrect form 
of hooinu, to give drink to. 

Holo (ho'-i'o), n. A species of fern 
(Asplenium arnottii), used me- 
dicinally. Common in the woods 
of the lowlands. 

H6lole (ho'-i-o'-le), v. [Ho for hoo, 
and lole, a mouse.] 1. To cause 
to rush upon; to seize; to hold 
fast. 2. To force; to compel; to 
act falsely among one's friends for 
the purpose of cheating or killing. 
3. To watch for an opportunity to 

Ho'iomo (ho'-i'-o'-mo), v. [Ho for 
hoo, and lomo, to fall into the 
water without spattering.] 1. To 
cause to drop quickly into water 
with little disturbance of the sur- 
face, as one plumps a stone. 2. To 
plunge feet first perpendicularly 
into deep water. 

Holpo (ho'-i'-po), V. Same as Hooipo. 

Holu (ho'-i'-u), n. The act of keep- 
ing apart from. 

Holu (ho'-i'-u), V. [Ho for hoo, and 
lu, to lay a kapu.] 1. To be shy; 
to be reserved. 2. To cause to be 
afraid. 3. To shut up apart from 
others; to withdraw from: Heaha 
keia au e holu mai nei? Why are 
you so reserved? 

Holwl (ho'-I'-wi), V. [Ho for hoo, 
and Iwl, crooked.] 1. To turn the 
eye-ball from its natural position; 
to turn the eyes aside; to squint; 
to be cross-eyed. 2. To hint by 
a motion of the eyelids or of one 

eye only; to wink or signal with 
the eyes. 

Hoka (ho'-ka), adj. 1. Hopeless. 
2. Disappointed; thwarted. 

Hoka (ho'-ka), n. 1. A mistake In 
understanding one's words. 2. A 
disappointment; frustration; a de- 
feat of hopes. 

Hoka (ho'-ka), v. 1. To squeeze; 
to put through a strainer. 2. To 
be disappointed; to be foiled; to 
be fooled; to be made to appear 

Hokaa (ho'-ka'a), n. 1. Dizziness; a 
sensation of whirling or reeling. 
2. A twining round and round. 

Hokaa (ho'-ka'a), v. 1. To cause a 
confusion in the brain or stomach. 
2. To create a rolling or dizzy sen- 

Hokaawa (ho'-ka-a'-wa), n. [Hoka, 
to squeeze or press, and awa.] 

1. An awa strainer, made of 
stems of the ahuawa plant and 
used to separate the juice from 
the fiber of the awa root. 2. Be- 
fooled. Mai hele au i ahuawa 
hokaawa, aka pakele ae nei paha 
au i keia la. I was nearly made 
a fool of today but escaped per- 
chance for a time. 

Hokae (ho'-ka'e), v. See kae. 1. To 
rub or blot out; to efface printed 
characters; to obliterate. 2. To 
mar; to make defective. 

Hokahoka (ho'-ka-ho'-ka), v. [Preq. 
of hoka, to be fooled.] 1. To be 
ashamed: Hokahoka wale iho no 
ka mea haku ole, he is ashamed 
of himself who has no master. 

2. To be disappointed. 
Hokahokal (ho'-ka-ho'-ka'i), v. [See 

hokai 3.] 1. To stir up; to mix, 
as two ingredients. 2. To render 

Hokal (ho'-ka'i), adj. Obtrusive; 
without right. 

Hokal (ho'-ka'i), adv. Disorderly; 
mischievously; wickedly. 

Hokal (ho'-ka'i), v. 1. To disregard 
order; to cause disorder, 2. To 
squander; to misspend. 3. To 
create general disturbance. 

Hokale (ho'-ka'-le), n. A hard con- 
cretion in the flesh; a kernel: he 
mau wahi anoano ma ke kumu 
pepeiao, a malalo o ke a lalo. 

Hokall (ho'-ka'-li), adj. Thin in flesh; 
meager; slender; slim. 

Hokall (ho'-ka'-li), n. Loss of appe- 
tite from preoccupation. 2. The 




common lizard; the lizard's tail, 
because it is slim. 3. Slimness. 

Hokeo (ho'-ke'-o), n. 1. The lower 
of two gourds which compose the 
Hawaiian drum. 2. A long cala- 
bash used as a receptacle for 
clothing or for a fisherman's out- 
fit. It was made of the gourd of 
the vine (Lagenaria vulgaris). 
Also called hulilau. 

Hokeo (ho'-ke'-o), v. To cherish in 
secrecy a sentimental thought. 

K hokeo iho i ke aloha, 
Poipol Ahulho i nalo. 

Hoki (ho'-ki), n. 1. A mule. (Hoki 
is the Hawaiian pronunciation of i 
the English word horse, which 
was first used; later lio was ap- 
plied to a horse, and hoki to the 
ass and the mule. Hoki is now 
used to designate the mule, while 
the donkey or ass is called ke- 

Hokii (ho'-ki'i), adj. Lean, thin in 

Hokii (h5'-ki'i), n. 1. Phthisis; tu- 
berculosis. 2. A consumption; a 
pining sickness. 

Hokii (ho'-ki'i), v. To dissolve; to 
pine away, with phthisis. 

Hokilo (ho'-ki'-lo), v. To be sick 
and emaciated. 2. To waste away 
from long illness. 

Hokio (ho'-kl'-o), n. 1. A pipe; a 
whistle; a wind instrument played 
with the mouth. 2. Single- note of 
a whistle uttered as a signal. 3. A | 
musical instrument made of a j 
small gourd. I 

Hokio (ho'-ki'-o), v. 1. To play the} 
pipe. 2. To whistle. 3. To signal j 
by a single note of a whistle. 

Hokiokio (ho'-ki'-6-ki'-o), n. An an- 
cient wind instrument among Ha- 
waiians, used 'in the Bible, equiv- 
alent to pipe. 

Hokiokio (h6'-ki'-6-ki'-o), v. [For 
hookiokio.] 1. To pipe; to play 
on the pipe. 2. To whistle a se- 
ries of tones with the voice or on 
an instrument. 

Hoko (h5'-ko), adj. Large; fat; roll- 
ing; applied to the thighs of per- 
sons and animals. 

Hoko (ho'-ko), n. 1. The fleshy 
movable part of a fat person or 
animal. 2. The buttock; applied 
to men and animals. 3. The in- 
side of the thighs: ua pili na hoko, 
or ua hui na hoko, on account of 

fatness. 4. The under part of the 
thigh. 5. The fleshy hinder part 
of the leg below the knee. 

Hoko (ho'-ko), V. 1. To become 
fleshy; to grow fat. 2. To de- 
velop muscle. 

Hokohoko, adj. Same as hoko. 

Hoku (ho'-ku'). adj. Thin In flesh; 
meager. Syn: Hokii. 

Hoku (ho'-ku'), n. 1. [Ho, to breathe 
hard and ku, to stand.] A phase 
of asthma in which the patient 
seeks relief by standing or moving 
about. 2. A suggestion or intima- 
tion suddenly presented within 
one's mind. 

Hoku (ho'-ku), n. The fifteenth day 
of the month, the fourteenth night, 
after hilo or the new moon; called, 
when the moon sets before day- 
light, hoku palemo, sinking star, 
otherwise hoku ili, stranded star 
(D. Malo, chapter 12, section 16.) 

Hoku (h6-ku'), n. A star; hoku lele, 
a comet; ka poe hoku o ke kaei, 
the planets. 

Hokua (ho'-ku'-a), n. 1. The lower 
and back part of the neck where 
it joins the shoulders. 2. The 
back between the shoulders. 3. A 
gratuitous uniting of persons to 
assist one of their number in 
finishing a difficult task, as in 
planting, fishing, etc. 

Hokuaea (ho-ku'-a'-e'a), n. [Hoku, 
star, and aea, wandering.] A 

Hokuamoamo (h6-ku'-a'-m6-a'-mo), n. 
[Hoku and amoamo, to wink.] 1. 
The twinkling of the stars. 2. A 
twinkling star 

Hokuao (h6-ku'-a'o), n. [Hoku, star, 
and ao, light.] The planet Venus 
when it is the morning star. Also 
called hokuloa. 

Hokuhele (h6-ku'-he'-le), n. [Hoku 
and hele, to move.] Same as ho- 
kuaea, a planet. 

Hokuhookelewaa (ho-ku'-ho'o-ke'-le- 
wa'a), n. [Hoku, star, hookele, to 
steer, and waa, canoe.] 1. A star, 
the appearance of which was the 
signal for sailing on a voyage: a i 
ka wanaao, i ka puka ana o ka 
hokuhookelewaa, at the dawn of 
the morning, at the appearance of 
the star. — Laieik. p. 36. 2. A star 
that appeared just before the birth 
of a high chief. 3. Pole-star, which 
served ancient Hawaiians as a 
guide in navigation. Also called 




Kau: Aia a puka o kau holo 
kakou; when Kau appears we sail. 

Hokuimoimo (ho-ku'-r-mo-i'-mo), n. 
A twinkling star. 

Hokuimoimo (ho-ku'-i'-mo-i'-mo) , v. 
Same as imoimo, to wink. 

Hokuku (ho'-kii-kii'), adj. [See hoku, 
asthma.] 1. Having the colic. 2. 
Filled with anger or unpleasant 
sensations; hokuku au iloko-e ake 
e hele hookolokolo. 3. Unquiet; 
disturbed; agitated. 

Hokuku (ho'-ku-ku'), v. 1. To 
wheeze; to be short of breath. 2. 
To have an upset stomach. 

Hokulele (ho-ku'-le'-le), n. [Hoku, a 
star, and lele, to fly; literally, a 
flying star.] A meteor. 

Hokuloa (ho-ku'-lo'-a), n. [Hoku and 
loa, great.] 1. The morning star. 
Syn: Hokuao. Also called Mana- 
nalo. 2. Venus. 

Hokupuhipaka (h6-ku'-pu'-hi-pa'-ka), 
n. [Hoku, a star, and puhipaka, 
tobacco smoking.] A comet. Syn: 

H k u we I owe I o ( ho-ku'-we'-16 -we'-lo ) , 
n. [Hoku, star, and welowelo, 
streaming or streamer.] A comet. 
Syn: Hokupuhipaka. 

Hola (ho'-la), n. 1. The Tahitian 
name of the root and stalk of the 
auhuhu, a poisonous and intoxi- 
cating plant, the bark of which 
was used in drugging or Intoxicat- 
ing fish so they could be caught. 
See auhola and auhuhu. 2. The 
system of catching fish by drug- 
ging them with hola or auhuhu. 

Hola (ho'-la), v. To drug or intox- 
icate fish with the hola or auhuhu. 

Hola (ho'-la'), v. 1. To open: a hola 
ia ka waha a palahalaha; to spread 
out. See hohola and uhola. 2. 
To widen; to unfold; to open and 

Holahola (ho'-ia-ho'-la), v. [Freq. of 
hola, to spread out.] 1. To spread 
out; to smooth, as a tapa; or to 
make up, as a bed. 2. Applied to 
the mind, to calm; to soothe; to 
open; to enlighten. See hohola 
and uhola. 3. [Freq. of hola, to 
drug fish.] To drug or intoxicate 
fish; to spread or scatter the au- 
huhu poison in fishing. 

Holao (ho-la'o), v. 1. To pass by; 
to run past. 2. To refuse recog- 
nition of; to disavow knowledge of 
by carriage or deportment. 

Holapa (ho-la'-pa), n. Incorrect form 
of hoolapa. 

Holapa (ho-la'-pa), V. Incorrect form 
of hoolapa. 

Holapu (ho'-la'-pu), v. 1. To stir 
up; to mix water and dirt; to 
make water dark colored by put- 
ting in dirt. 2. To render turbid; 
to roil. 3. To perplex; to disturb 
the temper. 

Holau (ho'-lau), n. A multitude of 
persons or animals assembled un- 
der one head or leader. 

Holau (ho'-lau), v. To assemble 
into a single community or flock. 

Hole (ho'-le), n. 1. That which re- 
sults from the action of the verb 
hole, as a groove; a furrow made 
by rubbing one thing upon an- 
other. 2. The motion made by the 
hands in rubbing the aulima on 
the aunaki to obtain fire. 

Hole (ho'-le), v. 1. To curse; to 
abuse, as a drunken man. 2. To 
rasp; to file; to rub off. 3. To 
notch the end of a spear; to make 
grooves, as in a tapa beater; hole 
ie, furrow the ie or tapa stick. 

Holehole (ho'-le-ho'-le), v. [Freq. of 
hole.] 1. To peel; to strip off, 
as the skin from the flesh or the 
flesh from the bones: holehole iho 
la lakou i na iwi o Lono, they 
skinned the bones of Lono (Cap- 
tain Cook), that is, separated the 
bones from the flesh. 2. To strip 
from the stalk or stem of a plant, 
as in thrashing cane. 

Holei (ho'-lei), n. 1. A much branch- 
ing glabrous shrub or tree (Ochro- 
sia sandwicensis). 2. Yellow dye 
made from the bark and root of 
the holei tree. Also spelt hoolei. 

Holei (ho'-le'i), v. To produce a yel- 
low dye from roots and bark of 
the holei tree. 

Holele (ho'-le-i'-e), n. 1. Those who 
prepare the ie for braiding or 
weaving. 2. Those who prepare 
the ie or stick used in marking 
tapa; makers of ie. 

Holeie (ho'-le-i'-e), v. [Hole, to peel, 
and Ie, a vine.] 1. To peel the 
bark from the ie used in basket 
making. 2. To groove or carve 
figures on the ie, or stick used in 
marking tapa. 

Holl (ho'-li), n. Sprouting; the first 
appearance of a thing as the first 
coming out of the beard of a 
young man. 




Holi (ho'-li), V. 1. To persist in in- 
direct allusion. 2. To start a con- j 
versation; to make a suggestion | 
for the purpose of starting con- \ 
versation. 3. To seek to open con- i 
versation: Holi kamailio, holi 
olelo. Oi holi mai nei o mea a 
noi maoli; Blank started with in- 
direct hints, then made a straight 
request. 4. To sprout: Ke holi ae 
nei ka nahele o ko pa; the weeds 
are just starting on your ground. 

Holo (ho'-lo), adj. Running; mov- 
ing; sailing; racing; he lio holo, 
he moku holo. 

Holo (ho'-lo), n. 1. A running; a 
racing: a going; a moving. 2. A 
bundle: holo ai, a bundle of food. 
3. A sudden descent of anything; 
a mass of rock and earth sliding 
down a mountain side. 

Holo (ho'-lo), V. 1. To move smooth- 
ly or quickly; to go fast; to run; 
to flee; to strive in a race; to be- 
come a candidate (of modern ap- 
. plication). 2. To sail; to move by 
sail or paddle on the water; to 
begin a voyage. 3. To have a 
thing concluded or settled in 
mind: Ua holo or ua holo ia 
manao, it goes. 4. To slide. 

Holoaa (ho'-lo-a'-a'), adj. Destitute; 
lacking something necessary or de- 
sirable; without aim or purpose. 

Holoaa (ho'-16-a'-a'), v. [Holo, to 
run, and hoaa, to blunder, literally, 
to run about not knowing what 
to do.] 1. To be destitute of re- 
sources; to seek in vain for help. 
2. To run here and there to no 
purpose or without aim or plan. 

Holoai (ho'-lo-a'i), n. [Holo, bundle, 
and ai, food.] 1. A bundle of 
baked food. 2. A wrapper to carry 
food in. See paiai. 

Holoholo (ho'-16-ho'-lo), n. 1. An old 
Hawaiian game; suggests the Eng- 
lish play of battledore and shuttle- 
cock. Little balls, to which feath- 
ers were attached, were propelled 
by a thrust of the foot of the 
player. It was played by six or 
three on a side. 2. A mode of 
fishing by night. 

Holoholo (ho'-16-ho'-lo), v. [Freq. of 
holo.] 1. To walk; to walk about. 
2. To sail or run to and fro. To 
go from place to place. 3. To 
exercise in walking for health or 
for pleasure. (A modern use of 
the word). 

Holoholoi (h6'-16-h6'-16'i), v. [Freq. 
of holoi.] 1. To rub with pres- 
sure and quick motion; to rub 
off dirt; to rub smooth. 2. To rub 
hard; to scour. 

Holoholokake (ho'-16-ho'-16-ka'-ke), 
adv. Qualifying ai, to eat vora- 
ciously; with no respect for 
others' rights; helping one's self 
regardless of ceremony. 

Holoholokake (ho'-15-ho'-16-ka'-ke), v. 

1. To eat freely of another's food. 

2. To seduce another man's wife. 
Holoholoke (ho'-16-ho'-16-ke'), v. 1. 

To run or move quickly from 
place to place. 2. To be movable: 
Ua ano e ka hana a ke anuenue, 
no ka holoholoke ana i kela 
wahi keia wahi; the rainbow 
acted strangely resting now in 
that place, now in this. Laieik. 
p. 16. 

Holohololio (h6'-16-ho'-16-li'-o), v. To 
ride horseback. Syn: Hoohololio. 

Holoholomoku (ho'-16-h5'-16-mo'-ku), 
n. [Holo, to sail, and moku, ship.] 
A sailor; one who travels in a 

Holoholomoku (ho'-16-h6'-16-mo'-ku), 
V. To travel by sea. 

Holoholona (ho'-16-h6-lo'-na), n. [Ho- 
loholo and ana, a running about.] 
1. A four-footed beast; generally 
applied to domestic animals, but 
often to wild ones. 2. Domestic 
beasts collectively, including birds. 

Holoholoolelo (ho'-16-h6'-16-o'-le'-lo), 
n. A tale bearer, a tattler. (Often 
written in two words.) • 

Holoholoolelo (h6'-16-ho'-16-o'-le'-Io), 
V. [Holo and olelo, talk.] To 
slander; to tell tales to the dis- 
advantage of another; to propa- 
gate false reports. 

Holoholoplnaau (ho'-16-h6M6-pi'-na- 
a'u), n. The planet Mars. 

Holohua (h5'-16-hu'-a), v. 1. To 
glance; to strike or fly off in an 
oblique direction; to fail of hitting 
the mark; to dart obliquely. 2. To 
be premature: Ua holohua ka ma- 
nao, the thought is premature. 

Holoi (ho'-lo'i), V. 1. To clean any- 
thing in water; to scrub with 
water. 2. To rub with something 
soft for cleaning, as in dusting. 

3. To scrub; to rub hard; to ob- 
literate; to blot out. 4. To make 
clean in any way. 

Holoila (ho'-lo'i-ia), adj. Washed; 
cleansed by washing or wiping. 




Holokaa (hoM6-ka'a), v. [Holo, to 
go fast, and kaa, a vehicle on 
wheels.] To ride about in a car- 

Holokahiki (ho-16-ka'-hi-ki), n. [Holo, 
to sail, and kahiki, a foreign 
country.] A Hawaiian sailor who 
has visited foreign countries: Ua 
tausani paha na holokahiki no Ha- 
waii aku, there were thousands 
perhaps of sailors from Hawaii; O 
Lehua ka inoa o ka holokahiki 
nana i hoolike iwaena o Vane- 
kouva ame Kamehameha, Lehua 
was the name of the sailor to for- 
eign countries who interpreted be- 
tween Vancouver and Kamehame- 
ha. See holomoku. 

Holokai (ho'-lo-ka'i), n. [Holo and 
kai, sea.] One who rides on the 
sea; a seaman: na holokai, sea- 
faring men. 

Holoke (ho'-lo'-ke), v. To rub against 
some opposing object; to grate; to 
rub roughly, causing a harsh 

Holoke (h5'-lo-ke'), v. To run at 
random; to run in a haphazard 
manner; to run about thought- 

Holokeloke (ho'-lo'-ke-lo'-ke), adj. 
Shaky; creaky; not tight; ready 
to come apart. 

Holokeloke (ho'-lo'-ke-lo'-ke), v. To 
be loosely put together; to be in 
such condition as to easily come 

Holokiki (ho'-16-ki-ki'), v. [Holo, to 
run, ana kiki, quickly.] To run or 
sail swiftly; to run headlong. 

Holokohana (h6'-16-ko'-ha'-na), v. 
[Holo, to go, and kohana, desti- 
tute of clothes.] To go about 
naked; to be destitute of clothes, 
not even a malo. 

Holoku (hoM6-ku'), n. A woman's 
loose outer garment. 

Holokuku (ho'-lo-ku-ku'), v. [Holo 
and kuku, to stop short.] 1. To 
trot, as a horse. 2. To ride rough- 
ly or uneasily. 

Holola (ho-lo-la'). A phrase express- 
ing contempt or derision; la is a 
particle: Ke holola oe e manao ua 
hoka makou. You, O thought, 
have supposed that we are 

Hololio (ho'-lo-li'-o), n. [Holo, to 
ride, and lio, horse.] A rider of 
a horse. 

Hololua (ho'-15-lu'-a), adj. 1. Creep- 

ing or running both ways, like the 
muhee, the crab; aole e like me 
kou manao ka muhee, ka hololua; 
2. Two-faced; hypocritical. 

Hololua (ho'-16-lu'-a), v. [Holo and 
lua, double.] 1. To go or move 
two ways; to go both ways, like 
the crab; as the muhe, a species 
of fish that moves two ways. 2. 
To be two-faced; to act the hypo- 
crite; to dissemble. 

Holomoku (ho'-lo-mo'-ku), n. 1. A 
sailor; a seaman; ka halepule no 
ka poe holomoku ma Honolulu; he 
mau mea holomoku, seamen. 2. 
A rushing, as of water. 

Holomoku (ho'-lo-mo'-ku), v. [Holo 
and moku, ship.] 1, To sail on a 
ship. 2. To rush along, as a tor- 
rent; to move or push forward 

Holona (ho-lo'-na), n. 1. In music, a 
finale; the end of a tune. 2. A 
novice; one who is new to what 
he undertakes; one who is un- 

Holopaani (h5'-16-pa-a'-ni), v. [Holo, 
to run, and paani, to play.] 1. To 
run and play like children; to play 
rudely and boisterously. 2. To sail 
about for pleasure. 

Holopapa (ho'-16-pa'-pa), adv. All to- 
gether; en masse. 

Holopapa (ho'-16-pa'-pa), n. 1. A 
shelf; a flat surface or ledge. 2. 
A rack or frame on which tapas 
and other articles were laid. 

Holopapa (ho'-16-pa'-pa), v. To rule 
by force; to control; to overcome; 
to prevail over; used where one 
man conquers several others; to 
defeat completely; to overrun. 

Holouka (ho'-16-u'-ka), n. 1. A draft 
or current of air peculiar to moun- 
tainous regions and confined to 
comparatively empty spaces be- 
tween high palis (cliffs). (Also 
called hio.) 2. Political disturb- 

Holowa (hoM6-wa'), n. [Holo, to 
thrust, and wa, cleft or space be- 
tween.] A thrusting through a wa 
or cleft. (This word evidently 
was invented by the translators of 
the Scriptures to describe the en- 
gines of war used by the Hebrews. 
See II Chronicles 26:15.) 

Holowaa (ho'-lo'-wa'a), n. [Holo and 
waa, canoe.] 1. A box; a chest; 
a trunk; a coffin; a cradle; an 
oblong receptacle. See kawaa. 2. 




A species of fishing net. 3. A 
trough; a watering trough. 

Holowale (ho'-16-wa'-le), adj. Want- 
ing courage; cowardly. 

Holowale (h6'-16-wa'le), n. 1. A 
coward; one fleeing without ap- 
parent cause. 2. One who flees 
from danger, duty, etc. 

Holowale (ho'-16-wa'-le), v. [Holo, 
to run, and wale, freely.] 1. To 
flee without cause or danger; to! 
act cowardly. 2. To go about des- 
titute of clothing; to go about 

Holu (ho'-lu), adj. Arch-like; con- 

Holu (ho'-lu), n. 1. A rising and 
sinking, as waves. 2. A playing to 
and fro, as of flexible material. 

Holu (h5'-lu), V. 1. To bend, as 
a limber stick; to arch over. 2. 
To spring back by elastic force. 
3. To rise and sink as waves; to 
play to and fro; to seesaw. 

Holua (ha'-lu'-a), n. 1. A smooth 
path on a side hill for sliding 
down. 2. A sled for sliding down 
hill. (To play with the holua was 
an ancient pastime among Ha- 

Holu holu (ho'-m-ho'-lu), adj. Duc- 
tile; elastic; springy, as a sword 
blade; pliable. 

Holuholu (ho'-lu-ho'-lu), v. [Preq. of 
holu.] To play to and fro easily 
and often; to be very flexible. 

Holule (ho'-lu'-le), adj. Fat; so fat 
as to shake (lule) ; soft and flex- 

Holulelule (ho'-lu'-le-lu'-le), adj. Fat; 
so fat as to shake (lule) ; soft and 

Holulelule (h5'-lu'-le-lu'-le), v. To be 
fat; to be soft and flexible. 

Holulu (ho'-lu'-lu'), adj. Corpulent; 
bulky and weak. 

Holulu (ho'-lu'-Iu'), n. Corpulency, 
bigness, bulk combined with weak- 
ness. See olulu. 

Homa (ho'-ma), adj. Thin in flesh; 
poor; hollow; applied to the 
cheeks, not well rounded or filled 

Homa (ho'-ma), v. 1. To be lacking 
in muscle; to be thin in flesh; to 
lose plumpness of feature. 2. To 
be of vacant countenance ; to be ! 
empty of thought. 

Homahoma (ho'-ma-ho'-ma), v. Freq. 
of homa. 

Homai (ho'-ma'i), v. [Ho for hoo, 

and mal, a verbal directive, used 
most frequently in the imperative: 
Lit. Cause to be this way.] Hand 
this way; give this way; bring 
here: Homai i wahi wai inu na'u, 
give me here some water to drink. 
Home (h5'-me), n. [Eng.] Home; 
place of one's family and resi- 

Homera (pronounced ho'-me'-la), n. 
[Heb.] A homer, a Jewish liquid 
or dry measure. 

Hometa (pronounced ho'-me'-ka), n. 
[Heb.] A snail. 

Horn! (ho'-mi'), adj. (See omi.) 
Withered; sick; unfruitful, as a 
plant; sick, as a person; of feeble 

Homi (ho'-mi'), v. To wither; to 
dry or shrivel up. 

HomimI (ho'-mi'-mi'), v. (See omi- 
mi.) To spring up, as a seed 
planted, but with feeble strength, 
and produce nothing. 

Hone (ho'-ne), adj. Roguish; mis- 

Hone (ho'-ne), n. 1. Mischief; a 
trick. 2. A teasing; an annoying; 
a vexation. 

Hone (ho'-ne), v. (See ne.) 1. To 
be saucy; to be playful; to be 
tricky; to tease one; to run upon; 
to irritate or annoy verbally, 2. 
To prick; to enter, as a sharp 
thing: Me he wahi kuikele la ia 
e hone nei iloko o ka manao, like 
a needle it pierces into the 
thought. 3. To criticise; to cen- 
sure; to cavil. 

Honea (ho'-ne-a'), n. 1. Mud or 
earth deposited by water. 2. Mat- 
ter in the intestines not voided. 
Syn: Honowa. 

Honehone (ho'-ne-ho'-ne), adj. 1. 
Given to tricks; teasing; fretting; 
not letting one alone. 2. Low, soft 
and sweet, descriptive of vocal 
sounds or tones of a musical in- 
strument; melodious. 

Honehone (ho'-ne-ho'-ne), v. [Freq. 
of hone.] 1. To be tricky; to be 
mischievous. 2. To emit low mu- 
sical sounds, vocal or instrumen- 
tal; to sing in low sweet notes. 

Honekoa (ho'-ne-ko'-a), adj. Impu- 
dent; undaunted; not afraid to be 
mischievous; bold in importuning. 

Honekoa (ho'-ne-ko'-a), v. [Hone 
and koa, to be bold.] 1. To rail; 
to be saucy. 2. To be bold in 




teasing; to be too forward; to 
take undue liberties. 
Honi (ho'-ni), n. 1. A salutation; a 
kiss. 2. A touch as of a match to 
a combustible. 3. Commanding a 
complimentary salutation to one: 
E haawi i ko'u honi ala aloha ia 
lakou. Give them my sweet lov- 
ing kiss, that is, affectionate sal- 
Honi (ho'-ni), v. 1. To touch; to ap- 
ply a combustible article to the 
fire. (Lun. 16:9.) 2. To smell, 
as an odor. To smell any per- 
fume; to snuff. 3. To feel the in- 
fluence of, as the roots of trees 
do the water. 4. To salute by 
touching noses (the ancient way 
of saluting among Hawaiians) ; 
honi iho la i ka ihu. Laiedk. p. 
203. 5. To kiss; to salute by 
kissing. To embrace on parting; 
applied to various forms of salu- 
tation and farewell, as good-by, 
shaking hands, etc. 6. • To beg 
earnestly and often; to importune. 
See holi. (The word describes the 
actions of children in kissing, ca- 
joling, etc., for the purpose of ob- 
taining some favor.) 

Honinan'ina (ho'-ni'-na-ni'-na), adj. 1. 
Fleshy and flabby; fat and placid; 
large but not strong. 2. Withered, 
blighted or shriveled. 

Hono (ho'-no), n. 1. A stitching; a 
sewing; a joining together: ka 
hono o na aina o Maui, the unit- 
ing of the lands of Maui. 2. The 
back of the neck. 3. A tabu which 
requires every man to hold his 
hands in a particular posture. 4. 
A place where the wind meets 
some obstruction and is reflected 
back: oia kahi hono e hoi mai ai 
ka nui o ka makani; a cave or 
bay; a sheltered spot on the sea; 
a sheltered place. 5. A winding 
in and out. 

Hono (ho'-no), v. To stitch; to sew 
up; to mend, as a garment or a 
net. 2. To join by stitches; to 
unite by stitching. 

Honoa (ho'-n6-a'), n. Same as ho- 

Honoai (ho'-no-a'-i'), n. [Hono and 
ai, the neck.] The back of the 

Honoai (ho'-nS-a'i), n. Same as 

Honohono (ho'-n6-ho'-no), adj. Hav- 

ing an odor or scent. Syn: Ho- 

Honohono (ho'-no-ho'-no), n. A spe- 
cies of long decumbent grass 
(Oplismenus compositus) common 
in the outskirts and open glades of 
forests and along water courses. 

Honokaa (ho'-no-ka'a), n. 1. Place 
at or near the seashore provided 
with caverns which serve as shel- 
ters from danger or distress. 2, 
A sheltered inlet or bay. 3. A 
village or section in Hamakua on 
Hawaii, said to have taken its 
name from the caverns on its sea- 

Honokeana (ho'-no-ke-a'-na), n. Spe- 
cific name of a porous stone. Also 
called ana. 

Honole (ho'-no'-le), v. Syn: Hone. 
1. To be mischievous; to be prank- 
ish; to be saucy. 2. To censure. 
3. To tease. 

Honopu (ho'-n6-pu'), n. 1. A turbu- 
lent crowd assembled to make an 
attack; a mob. 2. A distinct part 
of the sea off the coast of Napali, 
Kauai, between Haena and Kala- 
lau: Lumilumi ke kai o Honopu, 
turbulent is the sea of Honopu. 3. 
Shore between Kalalau and Haena 
on Kauai: Hai e ka lua i Honopu 
i ka wela o ka la. 

Honowa (ho'-n6-wa'), v. Same as 
honea and honoa. The matter 
contained in the intestines, excre- 
ment. (In ancient Hawaii the 
word was at times used by arro- 
gant chiefs to describe the com- 
mon people.) 

Honowai (ho'-n6-wa'i), n. 1. A place 
of meeting of the relatives of the 
parties contemplating hoao, or 
marriage, according to the ancient 
order, to prepare for the cere- 
mony. 2. A uniting; a bringing 
together and causing a new rela- 
tionship; mostly brought about by 
marriage; as, makua honoai, a 
parent by marriage, or a parent- 
in-law; makua honoai kane, a 
father-in-law; makua honowai wa- 
hine, a mother-in-law. 

Honu (ho'-nu), n. The green turtle; 
a terrapin; more generally applied 
to the sea turtle; a tortoise. (The 
honu formerly was forbidden to 
women to eat in the times of the 
tabu, under penalty of death.) 
Honua (ho'-nu'-a), adj. 1. Preced- 
ing; going before hand: olelo ho- 




•nua, the foregoing description; 
pule honua, the former religion; 
i kau kauoha honua ana, your 
charge just given. Laieik. p. 20. 
Ke makau honua e mai nei no. 
Laieik. p. 180. 2. Premature. 

Honua (ho'-nQ'-a), adv. 1. Gratui- 
tously; without cause; naturally: 
Ua aloha honua anei na kanaka 
kekahi i kekahi? do men natural- 
ly love each other? No ka pono 
a ke Akua i waiho honua mai ai, 
for the righteousness which God 
had freely manifested; o ka hoo- 
maka ana, ua like no ia me ke ao 
ana, i ola honua i ka palapala. 2. 
Thoroughly; freely; completely; 
wholly; entirely. 3. Preparatively; 
previously. Ke makau honua e 
mai nei no. 

Honua (ho'-nu'-a), n. 1. Flat land; 
laiid of an even or level surface, 
in distinction from hills and moun- 
tains. 2. In geography, the earth 
generally, including sea and moun- 
tains. 3. A foundation; a resting 
place. 4. The bottom of a deep 
place, as of the sea or a pit; bed 
of a body of water. 

Honuhonu (ho'-nu-ho'-nu), n. fFreq. 
of honu, a terrapin.] 1. An an- 
cient game where people crawled 
on all fours like terrapins. 2. A 
pattern of tapa having the surface 
raised in ridges like corduroy. 

Honuhonu (ho'-nu-ho'-nu), v. To play 
the terrapin or honuhonu game. 

Hoo (ho'o). Causative prefix to verbs; 
as, malu, to shade, hoomalu, to 
cause a shade, to over-shadow; 
pono, good, right, hoopono, to cor- 
rect, to make right; akea, to be 
broad, hooakea or hoakea, to cause 
to be broad, that is, to extend, en- 
large, etc. 

This prefix, though originally 
adapted to the verb, retains its 
causative meaning when the word 
becomes a noun, adjective or ad- 
verb. Ua hele oia i ka hoike, he 
has gone to the exhibition; he 
kanaka hoopunipuni, a man caus- 
ing deception, that is, a deceitful 
man; olelo hooino iho la, he spoke 
causing reproach, that is, he 
spoke reproachfully. 

Before words whose first letter 
is a vowel, the last o of the hoo 
frequently coalesces with the vow- 
el of the word following, for the 
sake of euphony, particularly be- 

fore a, e and o; as, hoano for 
hooano; hoole for hooole, etc. Some 
words have haa (but very seldom) 
for their causative prefix instead 
of hoo; as, haaheo for hooheo 
(from heo, pride), to be haughty. 
This form seems to come from 
the Tahitiian dialect. A few 
words take both forms for their 
causative, as hoonui and haanui, 
from nui, to be large. Hoawi, to 
give, is used for hooawi, but haawi 
is used oftener than either. 

Strictly speaking, hoo in a dic- 
tionary should not begin a verb, 
but verbs having this prefix 
should be set in their places, and 
their meanings be modified by 
hoo as it occurs; as, ike, to know, 
etc hooike or hoike, to cause to 
know, to show, to exhibit; ikeia, 
to be known, hooikeia, to be made 
known, to be shown; ikeike, to 
know clearly; hooikeike, to make 
known clearly or frequently, etc. 
But a large class of words begin 
with the causative prefix hoo, 
whose roots are not known or are 
out of use. Though such a root 
might be assumed as being in ex- 
istence or having once existed, as 
Greek lexicographers often as- 
sume an obsolete theme, there 
would be much danger in Hawaii- 
an of getting the wrong word: 
hence it has seemed advisable to 
retain hoo as the beginning of 
the word. This occasions some 
repetition, but it is hoped it will 
not be a serious inconvenience. 

This prefix always takes the 

glottal sound. 

Hoo (ho'o'). V. 1. [Ho for hoo, and o, 

food 1 1. To provide food for a 

journey; to furnish for service. 

2. [O, to dip.] To stretch out, as 
the hand; to thrust the hand or 
finger into an orifice, pocket, etc.: 
hoo iho la i ka poi, kukulu iwaho. 

3. To cause to enter. 

Hooa (ho'-o-a'), n. 1. A breaking 
up; a separating of parts. 2. A 
retching; vomiting. See hoowa, 

Hooa (h5'-o-a'), v. To cause to break 
up; to split. 2. To cause to heave 
with nausea. Syn: Hoowa. 

Hooaa (ho'o-a'a), v. Same as Hoo- 
waa, to dig. 

Hooae (ho'o-a'e), v. Incorrect form 
of hoa'e. [Hoo and ae, to break 




tabu.] To cause to go over; to 
cause to break, as a law or tabu; 
to transgress. 

Hooaeae (ho'o-a'e-a'e), v. To read 
with a tone; to intone. 

Hooaha (ho'o-a'-ha), v. Incorrect form 
of hoowaha. 1. To seize; to take 
by force or without consent. 2. 
To covet. Syn: hookaha. 

Hooahaaha (ho'o-a'-ha-a'-ha), v. To 
sit cross-legged. 

Hooahewa (ho*o-a'-he'-wa), v. To 
pronounce one guilty; to condemn. 
Syn: Noahewa. 

Hooahi (ho'o-a'-hi), v. [Hoo and 
ahi, fire.] A term used in cer- 
tain sacrificial ceremonies. 1. To 
kindle (the sacrifice) ; to set afire. 
2. Give to the fire. 

Hooaho (ho'o-a'-ho), v. fHoo and 
aho, to breathe.] To be patient; 
to endure: E hooahonui a pau ae 
keia pilikia, be very patient till 
this calamity is overpassed. See 

Hooahu (ho'o-a'-hu), adj. Gathered; 
collected; laid up. 

Hooahu (ho'o-a'-hu), v. fHoo and 
ahu, to collect.] To gather to- 
gether; to collect; to heap up. 

Hooaikane (ho'o-a'i-ka'-ne), v. To 
make friends. See aikane and ho- 

Hooaipuupuu (ho'o-a-T'-pu'u-pu'u), v. 
1. To make or constitute one an 
aipuupuu or waiting servant. 2. 
To act as a servant, particularly 
in waiting on the table. See ai- 

Hooakaaka (ho'o-a'-ka-a'-ka), n. To 
cause to laugh; to make one 
laugh. See aka, akaaka and ho- 

Hooakaka (ho'o-a-ka'-ka), v. [Hoo 
and akaka, clear.] To explain; to 
make clear what is intricate; to 

Hooakamai (ho'o-a'-ka-ma'i), v. [Hoo 
and akamai, skillful.] 1. To make 
wise. 2. To be skillful at any art 
or business; to be intelligent. 3. 
To make a pretense of wisdom; to 
be proud of one's attainments. 

Hooakea (ho'o-a'-ke'-a), v. [Hoo and 
akea, broad.] To enlarge; to 
spread out; to widen; to make 
broad. See hoakea. 

Hooalala (ho*o-a'-la-la'), v. [Hoo and 
alala.] 1. To cry out, as the 
alala. 2. To make one cry. See 

Hooaleale (ho'o-a'-le-a'-le), v. [Hoo 
and ale, a wave.] To agitate; to 
cause commotion; to set in motion 
the surface of water; to cause 
waves. Same as hoaleale. 

Hooalia (ho'o-a-li'-a), v. [Hoo and 
alia, to restrain.] To cause to 
stop; to check; to hinder; to put 
restraint upon. Mai hoohalia mai 

Hooalii (ho'o-a-ll'i), v. [Hoo and 
alii, chief.] To make a chief; to 
establish royalty in office. 

Hooaloha (ho'o-a-16'-ha), v. To make 
love to; to court; to try to ingra- 
tiate one's self with. 

Hooalohaloha (ho'o-a-lo'-ha-lo'-ha), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of aloha, to love.] 
1. To take pleasure in; to give 
thanks; to bless. 2. To proffer 
friendship; to make friendly ad- 

Hooalualu (ho'o-a'-lu-a'-lu), v. [Hoo 
and alualu, loose.] 1. To cause to 
loosen or slacken, as a rope. 2. 
To cause to be flabby; to cause to 
be roomy or loose. See hoalualu. 

Hooamo (ho'o-a'-mo), v. [Hoo and 
amo, to carry.] To cause one to 
carry or bear a burden. 

Hooanae (ho'o-a'-na-e'), v. [Same as 
hoanae.] To set aside; to set 
apart for a particular use. 

HooanI (ho'o-a'-ni), n. A rumbling; 
a movement of wind in the bowels. 

Hooani (ho'o-a'-ni), v. 1. To raise 
or lift in a gentle manner and 
move to and fro over a fire, as a 
kahuna in the treatment of a pa- 
tient. 2. To signal with the hand. 
3. To wave to and fro, as a red 
rag to infuriate a bull. 

Hooanoano (ho'o-a'-no-a'-no), adj. 
Solemn; serious; devout. 

Hooanoano (ho'o-a'no-a'-no), v. See 
hoano. 1. To be solemn, as with 
the idea that an invisible spirit is 
present. 2. To solemnize the 
mind, as for worship, or as in the 
presence of a spirit; hooanoano 
wale mai no me he haili la e kau 
iho ana maluna. 3. To awe; to 
strike with fear or awe. 

Hooapono (ho'o-a'-po'-no), v. To 
pronounce not guilty, justify. See 
pono and hoapono. Hoapono is 
the better form and is in more 
general use. 

Hooauau (ho'o-a'u-a'u), v. [Hoo and 
auau, to wash.] To wash the 
body; to bathe the body. 




Hooauhee (ho'o-a'u-he'e), v. [Hoo 
and auhee, to flee.] 1. To disperse 
in battle; to put to flight; to rout. 
2. To pillage. 3. Fig.: To be des- 
titute; to be stripped of every- 
thing as those conquered were; 
hence, to be destitute of every 
comfort and resource. 

Hooauwaha (ho'o-a'u-wa'-ha), v. Same 
as hoauwaha. To plow; to make 
a long ditch; to dig a furrow. 

Hooauwahawaha (ho'o-a'u-wa'-ha-wa'- 
ha), v. FreQ. of hooauwaha, to 

Hooauwana (ho'o-a'u-wa'-na), v. [Hoo 
and auwana, to wander.] 1. To 
cause to wander; to scatter; to 
disperse, as a conquering army dis- 
perses the enemy. 2. To be dis- 

Hooea (ho'o-e'-a), v. [Hoo and ea, 
to rise up.] To cause to rise; to 
lift up; to elevate. See hoea. 

Hooeae (ho'o-e-a'e), v. Incorrect 
spelling of hooaeae. 

Hooeleele (ho'o-e'-le'-e'-le), v. [Hoo 
and eleele, dark.] To make black; 
to blacken, like the gathering of 
clouds before a storm. Same as 

Hooemi (ho'o-e'-mi), v. [Hoo and 
emi, to grow less.] 1. To draw 
back. 2. To diminish in size or 
number; to lessen. Same as ho- 

Hooeu (ho'o-e'u), v. [Hoo and eu, 
to rise.] To animate; to encour- 
age; to excite. 

Hooeueu (ho'o-e'u-e'u), v. To rouse; 
to stir up to action; to cause to 
wake up. See* eueu. 

Hoohaa (ho'o-ha'a), v. [Hoo and 
haa, a short person.] 1. To cause 
to be low; to humble; e hoohaa, 
e ano e. 2. To be suddenly para- 
lyzed. 3. To be without standing; 
to be without character. See hela- 
epaa. 4. To be deceitful; to get 
one's living by cheating. 5. To be 
lazy; to live in a careless manner. 

Hoohaahaa (ho'o-ha'a-ha'a), adj. 
Humble; thinking lowly of one's 
self; not proud. 

Hoohaahaa (ho'o-ha'a-ha'a), adv. 1. 
Humbly; modestly. 2. Offensively; 
insolently; contemptibly. 

Hoohaahaa (ho'o-ha'a-ha'a), n. A be- 
ing made humble. A being put 
down or abased. 

Hoohaahaa (ho'o-ha'a-ha'a), v. 1. To 
make low; to humble; to abase; 

to make humble. 2. To cause to 
be debased; to cause to be re- 
duced in station or rank. 

Hoohaalulu (ho'o-ha'a-lu'-lu), v. (Hoo 
and haalulu, to shake.] To 
make to shake; to cause trem- 
bling; to cause a tremulous or 
vibratory motion. 

Hoohaanui (ho'o-ha'a-nu'-i), v. [Hoo 
and haanui, to boast.] 1. To 
cause to boast; to cause the ut- 
terance of boastful language. 2. 
To make one act the part of a 

Hoohae (ho'o-ha'e), v. [Hooandhae, 
wild.] 1. To make wild or sav- 
age. 2. To irritate; to exasper- 
ate. 3. To call forth; to provoke. 

Hoohaehae (ho'o-ha'e-ha'e), v. 1. 
Freq. of hoohae. 1. To tantalize or 
tease in order to provoke anger. 

2. To defy; to provoke to combat. 
Hoohaha (ho'o-ha'-ha), adj. Covered 

up; shaded; overshadowed, as by 
clouds; ina i poipu ka lani, a ane- 
ane makani ole, he hoohaha ia. 
Hoohaha (ho'o-ha'-ha), v. [Hoo and 
haha, to strut.] 1. To be obsti- 
nate; opinionated. 2. To be 
proud; high minded; to strut; to 
act the dandy; to strut, as a cock 
turkey; he kanaka hoohaha, hoo- 
kano, haaheo, noho wale, aole 
hana; he hoohaha kana hele ana. 

3. To beat down; to pound; to 
make hard, as the bottom of a 
salt pond. 

Hoohahai (ho'o-ha'-ha'i), v. [Hoo 
and hahai, to pursue.] To cause 
or entice to follow. 

Hoohahu (ho'o-ha'-hu'), v. 1. To 
make even; to smooth; to level. 2. 
To cause purging by a cathartic. 
See hahu. 

Hoohahuhahu (ho'o-ha'-hu-ha'-hu), v. 
[Intensive of hoohahu.] To cause 
frequent evacuations from the bow- 
els; to purge. 

Hoohai (ho'o-ha'i), v. [Hoo and hai, 
proud.] 1. To be proud; to strut 
about; to look down upon others. 
2. To carry one's self in such a 
way as to attract attention of one 
of opposite sex. 

Hoohaihai (ho'o-ha'i-ha'i), v. Inten- 
sive of hoohai. To be proud; vain. 

Hoohalli (ho'o-ha'i-li), v. 1. To be 
of a dark color; to be dark or dim 
to the sight. 2. To take the ap- 
pearance of a spirit. 3. To be 
transformed. See haili. 




Hoohainu (ho'o-ha'-i'-nu), v. To give 
drink to; to cause one to drink. 

Hoohaka (ho'-o-ha'-ka), v. [Hoo and 
haka, full of holes.] 1. To cause 
to be open; to be full of openings, 
cracks or spaces. 2. To make 
light, not heavy. See also ohaka. 

Hoohakahaka (ho'o-ha'-ka-ha'-ka), v. 
[Hoo and hakahaka, to open.] 1. 
To be full of holes or cracks; to 
be open. 2. Fig. To open, as the 
ear; to give attention to what is 
said. 3. To make empty; to cause 
to be unoccupied. 4. To cause 
opening to be made; to make open, 

Hoohakalia (ho'o-ha'-ka'-ll'-a), v, 
[Hoo and hakalia, to be slow.] 

1. To detain; to delay; to pro- 
crastinate. 2. To be dilatory; to 
linger; to loiter; to lag behind. 

Hoohakanu (ho'o-ha'-ka'-nu), v. [Hoo, 
(ha) and kanu, to be silent.] 1. 
To be speechless; silent; unsocial. 

2. To cause silence. 

Hoohake (ho'o-ha-ke'), v. [Hoo and 
hake, to be full.] To break, as a 
boil; to thrust; to puah; to cram 
in; to cause to break or burst 

Hoohaki (ho'o-ha'-ki), v. [Hoo and 
haki, to be broken.] To cause to 
break; to break, as a stick or a 

Hoohakoi (ho'o-ha'-ko'i), v. [Hoo and 
hakoi, to dash.] 1. To cause wa- 
ter to dash wave against wave, or 
against the sides of a vessel. 2. 
To be agitated, as water in a dish 
unsteadily carried. 3. To swell 
and rise up, as water. 4. To be 
agitated, as the mind. 

Hoohala (ho*o-ha'-la), v. [Hoo and 
hala, to miss; to pass on.] 1. To 
cause to miss the mark; to dodge; 
to turn aside. 2. To transgress; 
to go beyond. 3. To pass; to go 
by, beyond or over; mai hoohala 
oe ia ia, do not miss him, as in 
throwing a spear. 

Hoohalahala (ho'o-ha'-la-ha'-la), v. 
[Hoo and halahala, to miss.] 1. To 
refuse assent to the terms of a 
bargain; to be displeased with the 
proposed conditions of another. 2. 
To turn aside; not to listen to 
what one says. 3. To find fault 
with a proposal or offer. See also 

Hoohalahalawale (ho'o-ha'-la-ha'-la- 
wa'-le), n. A complaint without 

cause; an unreasonable objection 
to a proposal. 

Hoohalahalawale (ho'o-ha'-la-ha'-la- 
wa'-le), V. To complain without 
cause; to find fault unreasonably. 

Hoohalala (ho'o-ha'-la-la'), v. [Hoo- 
hala, to pass, and la, day. Lit. to 
cause the day to pass.] 1, To 
pass the time; to spend the day. 
2. To endure for the present day; 
applied to sick persons: ua pono 
kou mai? Answer: Aole, he hoo- 
halala wale no, no ka make. Ap- 
plied to the hungry; he ai anei ka 
oukou? Aole, he hoohalala wale 
no — he kamau ea. Applied also 
when one has but a little food, just 
enough for the day. 

Hoohale (ho'o-ha'-le), v. [Hoo and 
hale, house.] 1. To rest in a 
house; to stay in a house; to 
lodge. 2. To receive one into a 
house; to solicit one to be a host 
or friend. See hoaikane. 3. To 
cause one to be at home in one's 
house; to grant the privileges of 
a house. 

Hoohalehale (ho'o-ha'-le-ha'-le), v. 1. 
To cause an appearance of empti- 
ness, as the opu or stomach when 
hungry. 2. To be hungry; to suf- 
fer with hunger. 

Hoohalekipa (ho'o-ha'-le'-kl'-pa), v. 
[Hoo and halekipa, an inn.] To 
entertain, as a guest; to receive 
into one's house, as a friend. See 

Hoohalepapaa (ho'o-ha'-le-pa'-pa'a), v. 
[Hoo and halepapaa, storehouse.] 
1. To convert a structure into a 
storehouse; to arrange for a place 
to store goods or provisions. 2. To 
cause to be stored in a house for 

Hoohali (ho'o-ha'-li), v. [Hoo and 
hail, to carry.] To cause a con- 
veying of anything. 

Hoohalia (ho'o-ha-li'a), v. [Hoo and 
halia, to remember fondly.] 1. To 
awaken reminiscence; to stir re*- 
membrance of past events, wheth- 
er agreeable or unpleasant. 2. To 
stir up an impulse; to awaken 

Hoohalihall (ho'o-ha'-li-ha'-li), v. [Hoo 
and freq. of hall, to carry.] 1. To 
carry or bear, as a burden; to 
carry frequently. 2. To cause to 
be carrie-d or delivered to another. 

Hoohalike (ho'o-ha'-ll-ke), v. [Hoo 
and halike, to resemble.] 1. To 




cause to be like; to make similar; 
to copy after. 2. To compare 
with; to examine qualities of 
things in order to discover dif- 
ferences or resemblances. 
Hoohalikelike (ho'o-ha-li'-ke-ll'-ke), n. 
A resemblance; likeness; a sim- 

Hoohalikelike (ho'o-ha-li'-ke-li'-ke), v. 
fFreq. of hoohalike.] 1. To make 
alike. 2. To divide equally; to 

Hoohalu (ho'o-ha'-lu), v. [Hoc and 
halu, to be thin.] 1. To be or 
become poor or thin in flesh. 2. 
To be made poor, feeble from 
disease or lack of food. 

Hoohalua (ho.'o-ha'-lu'-a), n. An am- 
bush; an ambuscade. Poe hooha- 
lua, Hers in wait. 

Hoohalua (ho'o-ha'-lu'-a), v. 1. To 
watch an opportunity for mis- 
chief; to lie in wait, either to kill 
or rob. 2. To act as a spy; 
secretly to do a thing; to watch 
for an opportunity to see or speak 
to a person. (Laieik. p. 77.) 

Hoohaluhalu (ho'o-ha'-lu-ha'-lu), v. 
fFreq. of hoohalu.] To be poor 
in flesh; to be thin; to be hungry. 

Hoohaluku (ho'o-ha-lu'-ku), v. To 
make a noise; especially by strik- 
ing a paddle against a canoe to 
scare fish into a net. 

Hoohalulu (ho'o-ha'-lu'-lu), n. Roll- 
ing sound of thunder, surf, falling 
rocks, etc. 

Hoohalulu (ho'o-ha'-lu'-lu), v. [Hoo 
and halulu, to roar.] To cause a 
continuous roaring like thunder or 
a heavy wind; to rage; to make a 
rumbling sound, as surf dashing 
against a rocky shore. 

Hoohamo (ho'o-ha'-mo), v. fHoo and 
hamo, to rub.] 1. To cause a rub- 
bing, as with the hand; to caress; 
to fondle; to treat lovingly. 2. To 
flatter for the purpose of gaining 
good will. 3. To cause to be over- 
spread with any adhesive matter. 

Hoohamohamo (ho'o-ha'-m6-ha'-mo), 
V. [Freq. of hoohamo.] To feel 
with the hand frequently; to rub 
over; to anoint. 

Hoohana (ho'o-ha'-na), v. [Hoo and 
hana, to work.] 1. To cause to 
work; to do service for another; 
to compel to work, as a slave; to 
encourage to work. 2. To make 
use of; to employ; to use. 

Hoohanaiahuhu (ho'o-ha'-nai-a-hu'- 
hu), V. To be fed or brought up 
by hand, as any young pet animal. 

Hoohanau (ho'o-ha'-na'u), v. [Hoo 
and hanau, to bring forth young.] 

1. To cause to bring forth as a fe- 
male. (Used principally in con- 
nection with the application of 
medicines designed to effect pre- 
mature parturition.) 2. To beget 
or cause to be born. (Not used by 
Hawaiians themselves in this 
sense.) 3. To baptize, in a reli- 
gious sense.) 

Hoohani (ho'o-ha'-ni), v. [Hoo and 
hani, to approach.] 1. To come 
near, so as just to touch; to pass 
softly by. 2. To cause to touch; 
to touch lightly in order to attract. 
3. To bring to notice; to propose 
or suggest by quiet approaches. 

Hoo hani hani (ho'o-ha'-ni-hS.'-ni), v. 
fFreq. of hoohani.] To tempt 
slightly by suggestion; to make 
gentle advances. 

Hoohanina (ho'o-ha-ni'-na), v. 1. 
To turn a little so as to allow one 
to pass in a narrow road. 2. To 
question or catechise for the pur- 
pose of gaining information. 3. To 
suggest or hint. 

Hoohanini (ho'o-ha'-ni'-ni), v. [Hoo 
and hanini, to spill.] 1. To pour or 
run out, as water from a vessel; 
to cause to flow, as water; also, 
as tears: ua hoohanini ia na ma- 
puna waimaka, the fountains of 
tears overflowed. Laieik. p. 203. 

2. To cause to be spilled; to cause 
to overflow. 3. To pour out a lit- 
tle at a time. 

Hoohano (ho'o-ha'-no), v. Syn: Hoo- 
hanohano, to exalt. 

Hoohanohano (ho'o-ha'-n6-ha'-no), v. 
1. To cause to be exalted; to ex- 
tol; to elevate to rank or power; 
to elevate by praise; to eulogize; 
to glorify; to invest with dignity 
or honor. 2. To conduct one's self 
with dignity; to make one's self 
dignified. (Not used in a vain- 
glorious sense.) 

Hoohanuhanu (ho'o-hfi'-nii-ha'-nu), v. 
[Hoo and hanu, to breathe.] 1. To 
cause to breathe frequently; to 
draw the breath in and out. 2. To 
resuscitate; to revive from faint- 
ing. 3. To snuff, as the wind; to 
take up a scent. 

Hoohaohao (ho'o-ha'o-ha'o), v. [Hoo 
and haohao, to wonder.] 1. To cause 




to wonder or marvel. 2. To be 
moved with surprise or admira- 
tion. 3. To have uncertain antici- 
pation. 4. To have a feeling of 
doubt combined with curiosity. 

Hoohapa (ho'o-ha'-pa), v. To dimin- 

Hoohapai (ho'o-ha'-pa'i), v. [Hoo 
and hapai, to carry.] 1. To cause 
to carry. 2. To cause a concep- 
tion in the* womb; to cause to be 
with child. 

Hoohauhau (ho'o-ha'u-hau), v. To 
change the personal appearance 
of; to disguise one's self; to cause 
a false show. 

Hoohauhili (ho'o-ha'u-hi-li'). v. [Hoo 
and hauh'ili, to wander.] 1. To 
blunder in speaking; to talk fool- 
ishly without regard to truth. 2. 
To cause confusion; to cause 
others to blunder or wander. 

Hoohaukae (ho'o-ha'u-ka'e), v. THoo 
and haukae, a sloven.] 1. To be 
a sloven, or to act in a slovenly 
manner; to be base in conduct. 
2. To cause to be defaced; to 
cause to be obliterated; to daub 
over. 3. To act generally as an 
abandoned person. 

Hoohaumia (ho'o-ha'u-mi'-a), v. [Hoo 
and haumia, filthy.] 1. To cause 
to be defiled; to pollute; to cause 
to be unclean; to contaminate. 2. 
To deface; to disfigure. 

Hoohauna (ho'o-ha'u-na), v. 1. To 
entice or draw out by conversa- 
tion. 2. To clasp; to embrace. 3. 
To seize with the hands, as some- 
thing difficult to hold. 4. To stuff 
the vagina in order to produce 

Hoohaunaele (ho'o-ha'u-na'-e-le), v. 
[Hoo and haunaele, disturbance.] 
To cause a disturbance; to incite 
a riot; to do mischief in a mass. 

Hoohauoli (ho'o-ha'u-6'-li), v. [Hoo 
and hauoli, to rejoice.] To cause 
joy; to make joyful; to cause* re- 

Hoohauwawa (ho'o-ha'u-wa-wa), v. 
[Hoo and hauwawa, to gabble.] 1. 
To talk all together; to ipake con- 
fusion by a multitude talking all 
at once. 2. To cause loud, idle 

Hoohee (ho'o-he'e), v. [Hoo and 
hee, to melt.] To cause to melt. 

2. To cause' to slip or slide along. 

3. To cause to flee; to put to 

flight; to rout, as an army. See 

Hooheehee (ho'o-he'e-he'e), v. [Freq. 
of hoohee.] To cause to slide 
along by jerks, as a holua or sled 
moves over a rough course. 

Hooheewale (ho'o-he'e-wa'-le). v. [Hoo 
and heewale, to melt.] 1. To cause 
to melt easily; to run into liquid. 

2. To cause to flee or run away; 
to cause to act the coward. 3. To 
cause a miscarriage. 

Hoohehee (ho'o-he'-he'e). v. [Hoo 
and hehee, to melt.] 1. To melt; 
to run, as a liquid; to liquify, as 
any hard substance. 2. To cause 
any hard matter to melt; to cause 
to melt; to cause to become liquid. 

3. Soften; to dissolve. 
Hoohehelo (ho'o-he'-he'-lo), v. [Hoo 

and hehelo, to be proud.] 1. To 
be proud; to be proud of one's 
appearance or dress. 2. To affect 
dignity; to act in a lofty, proud 
manner. 3. To be deceitful. 

Hooheheo (ho'o-he'-he'-o), v. [Hoo 
and heo, proud.] 1. To swell out; 
to be large, as a woman with a 
large pau. 2. To walk with proud 
gait or with affected dignity; to 
show one's self off in false guise. 

Hoohei (ho'o-he'i), v. [Hoo and hei, 
a snare.] 1. To set a net or 
snare; to entangle in a snare; to 
ensnare. 2. To lasso; to catch 
with a rope. 3. To beset with dif- 

Hooheihei (ho'o-he'i-he'i), n. 1. A 
playing on the drum; the sound 
of the drum within the heiau 
(temple). 2. A running; a trial 
of speed. 

Hooheihei (ho'o-he'i-he'i), v. 1. To 
beat the tabu drum in the heiau 
or temple. (A signal to all within 
hearing to retire within doors.) 
2. To cause to run swiftly; to con- 
tend in a footrace. 

HoohekiH (ho'o-he'-ki'-li), v. [Hoo 
and hekili, thunder.] To cause 

Hoohele (ho'o-he'-le), v. [Hoo and 
hele, to move.] 1. To cause to 
move; to cause to change place; 
to set in motion. 2. To cause to 
walk or assist in walking. 

Hoohelehele (ho'o-he'-le-he'-le), v. 
[Hoo and helehele, to divide.] 1. 
To cause to divide, as with a 
knife, etc. 2. To go between; to 
divide; to separate by cutting, as 




cutting cloth with shears. See 
hele and mahele. 

Hoohelelei (ho'o-he'-le-le'i), v. [Hoo 
and helelei.] To scatter, as sow- 
ing grain; to throw away. 

Hoohemahema (ho'o-he'-ma-he'-ma), 
V. [Hoo and hemahema, want.] 
1. To cause deficiency, failure or 
want of. 2. To cause a destitu- 
tion; to deprive of. 3. To dislike 
and take no care of (applied to all 
things not desired). 4. To set no 
value upon; hoohemahema i ka 
waiwai, waiho wale a lilo ia hai. 

Hoohemo (ho'o-he'-mo), v. [Hoo and 
hemo, to be loosened.] To make 
loose; to loosen; to set at liberty. 

Hoohemohemo (ho'o-he'-m6-he'-mo), 
v. [Freq. of hoohemo, to make 

Hoohemu (ho'o-he'-mu), v. [Hoo and 
hemu, be off!] To drive away; 
to scare away; to frighten; to 
drive off, as he-ns, pigs or other 
animals. Syn: Hoemu. 

Hoohena (ho'o-he'-na), v. [Hoo and 
hena, hollow of the thigh.] 1. To 
see, feel or handle the hena. 2. 
To take off one's clothes; to ex- 
pose one's person. 

Hoohenahena (ho'o-he'-na-he'-na), v. 
[Freq. of hoohena.] To act las- 
civiously; to uncover one's naked- 
ness; to dress so as to show the 

Hoohene (ho'o-he'-ne), v. [Hoo and 
hene, to mock.] To cause mock- 
ery; to show contempt. 

Hoohenehene (ho'o-he'-ne-he'-ne), v. 
[Freq. of hoohene.] 1. To cause 
laughter at another's expense; to 
mock; to vilify. 2. To ridicule; to 
laugh at in derision; to banter. 

Hooheo (ho'o-he'-o), v. [Hoo and 
heo, proud.] 1. To be proud; 
vaunting; lofty. 2. To exhibit 
pride; to show vanity; to make 
ambitious display. Syn: Haaheo. 

Hoohepa (ho'o-he'-pa), v. [Hoo and 
hepa, silent.] 1. To be mischiev- 
ous or careless in the use of 
words. 2. To imitate in the use 
of language for the purpose of 

Hoohepahepa (ho'o-he'-pa-he'-pa), v. 
[Freq. of hoohepa.] To talk im- 
properly, as imitating the talk of 
foreigners; to mispronounce words 
or misconstruct language; e hoo- 
kahuli i ka olelo. 

Hooheu (ho'o-he'-u), v. [Hoo and 
heu, the first shooting of the 
beard in boys.] To make a be- 
ginning of; to cause a starting of. 

Hoohewa (ho'o-he'-wS), v. [Hoo and 
hewa, sin; error.] 1. To condemn; 
to convict of crime or misde- 
meanor; to accuse one of crime. 
2. To punish. Syn: Ahewa. 

Hoohewahewa (ho'o-he'-wa-he'-wa), v. 
[Freq. of hoohewa.] I. To cause 
to do or be in error. 2. To forget; 
to mistake; to forget the name of 
a person; to mistake one person 
for another. 3. To be doubtful 
with regard to a thing. 4. To be 
slightly deranged; to be delirious; 
not so strong as hehena or pupule. 

Hoohewawale (ho'o-he'-wa-wa'-le), v. 
[Hoohewa, to condemn, and wale, 
gratuitously.] To condemn with- 
out cause; to oppress; to injure. 
(This word is often divided in 
writing, and perhaps should al- 
ways be so). 

Hoohi (ho'o-hi'), v. [Hoo and hi, to 
purge.] To cause to purge, as a 

Hoohiahia (ho'o-hl'-a-hr-a), v. Same 
as hoohiehie. 

Hoohlala (ho'o-hl'-a-la), adj. Greedy; 

Hoohiala (ho'o-hi'-5-la), n. Eager de- 
sire; greediness. 

Hoohialaal (ho'o-hi'-a-la-a'i), v. 1. To 
eat greedily; to stuff one's self 
with food. 2, To be intent on evil. 

Hoohiamoe (ho'o-hl'-a-mo'e), v. [Hoo 
and hiamoe, to sleep.] To cause 
to sleep. 2. To pretend to be 

Hoohiapo (ho'o-hl-a'-po), v. [Hoo 
and hiapo, first-born.] To be con- 
stituted a first-born; to have the 
privileges of a first-born. 

Hoohie (ho'o-hi'-e), v. [Hoo and 
hie, excellent.] To make or cause 
to be excellent; to be grand to 
look at. 2. To be proud; to be 
haughty; to carry a high head. 

Hoohiehie (ho'o-hi'-e-hi'-e), v. [Hoo 
and hiehie, pride.] 1. To be good 
in appearance; to be noble in as- 
pect. 2. To have the outward ap- 
pearance of the well-bred without 
the substance. 3. To be proud 
and vain; to pift on an external 

Hoohlhi (ho'o-hi'-hi), adj. 1. Offen- 
sive; injurious, as applied to the 
harmful use of language. 2. Dis- 




graceful; destructive, as in run- 
ning about telling tales. 

Hoohihi (ho'o-hi'-hi), v. [Hoo and 
hihi, to entangle.] 1. To cause en- 
tanglement; to entangle in any- 
way. 2. To desire to get what is 
another's; to covet. 3. To run or 
adhere closely, as vin€«. 

Hoohihia (ho'o-hi'-hi'-a), v. [Hoo 
and hihia, entanglement.] 1. To 
get one into difficulty; to entrap. 

2. To perplex; to vex; to entangle. 

3. To embarrass; to beset with 
any kind of obstruction. 

HoohihJu (ho'o-hi'-hi'-u), v. [Hoo 
and hihiu, wild.] 1. To cause 
fear; to be fearful. 2. To make 
afraid; hence, 3. To make wild; 
to cause to be untamed. 

Hoohii (ho'o-hi'i), v. [Hoo and hii, 
to lift up or hold in the arms, 
as one holds a child.] To cause 
to carry or be carried in the arms. 

Hoohikaka (ho'o-hi'-ka'-ka'), v. 1. To 
cause a leaning this way and that, 
as a rickety house. 2. To cause 
unsteadiness in standing or walk- 
ing; to cause to stagger. 

Hoohiki (ho'o-hl'-ki), n. A vow; a 
promise; a prayer; a swearing. 
Hoohiki wahahee, a false swear- 

Hoohiki (ho'o-h!'-ki), v. [Hoo and 
hiki, to come.] 1. To arrive at a 
place, especially at a place desig- 
nated. 2. To vow; to swear to a 
fact; to adjure on oath. 3. To 
swear at; to reproach; to revile; 
usually with ino. 

Hoohikihiki (ho'o-hi'-ki-hi'-ki), v. 
[Freq. of hoohiki.] To bear or 
carry frequently; to carry away a 
little at a time. 

Hoohikilele (ho'o-hi'-ki-le'-le), v. [Hoo 
and hikilele, to be startled.] To 
startle one; to cause one to jump; 
to wake one suddenly. 

Hoohiia (ho'o-hi'-la), v. To cause 
shame; to be ashamed. 

Hoohilahila (ho'o-hl'-la-hi'-la), adj. 
Bashful; modest, as a backwoods- 
man; he hoolua nui ke kuaaina, he 

Hoohilahila (ho*o-hi'-la-hi'-la), v. 
[Freq. of hilahila.] 1. To be timid; 
modest; fearful, as a bashful per- 
son; hence: 2. To be affected with 
act with modesty; to put one to 
shame. 3. To make ashamed; to 
shame by superiority. (Laieik. 

p. 138.) E hoohilahila aku ai ia 

Hoohilala (ho'o-hl'-la'-la), v. [Hoo 
and hilala, to bend.] 1. To bend, 
as the slim branches of a tree 
with the wind; to curve; to bend 
round, as a hook. 2. To cause to 
swing backward and forward. 

Hoohili (ho'o-hi'-li), v. [Hoo and 
hill, to wander.] 1. To stray from 
the right path; to wander; to go 
here and there without object. 2. 
To cause to go wrong. 

Hoohili hill (ho'o-hi'-li-hi'-li), v. [Freq. 
of hili.] 1. To cause to wander 
often. 2. To color red; to smear 
with anything of dark color. 

Hoohiliu (ho'o-hi-li'-u), v. [HIliu, 
note of a conch shell.] 1. To 
cause the conch to sound, to blow 
the conch. 2. To emit sound from 
any wind instrument. 

Hoohilo (ho'o-hi'-lo), v. [Hoo and 
hilo, to twist.] To cause to twist; 
to twist, as a cord: E hoohilo aku 
06 ia Pala i ke aho, cause Pala 
to twist the cord. 

Hoohilu (ho'o-hl'-lu), v. [Hoo and 
hllu, glorious.] To exalt; to 
praise; to dignify. See hoohilu- 

Hoohiluhilu (ho'o-hi'-lu-hi'-lu), v. 
[Freq. of hoohilu.] To exalt; to 
praise; to honor; to dignify. (More 
generally use-d than hoohilu.) 

Hoohio (ho'o-hi-o'), v. [Hoo and hio, 
to lean.] 1. To cause to lean or 
slant; to bend over. 2. To stag- 
ger in walking. 

Hoohiolo (ho'o-hi-o'-lo), v. [Hoo and 
hiolo, to fall down.] 1. To cause 
overthrow; to cause to roll down 
or away; to throw down; to de- 
molish. 2. To cause a throwing 
down of an assemblage of objects, 
or the destruction of a system: 
Hoohiolo iho la o Kamehameha i 
ke kapu, Kamehameha destroyed 
the tabu. 

Hoohipa (ho'o-hi'-pa), v. Incorrect 
form of hoohepa. 

Hoohipahipa (ho'o-hi'-pa-hl'-pa). In- 

• correct form of hoohepahepa. 

Hoohipuu (ho'o-hi'-pu'u), v. [Hoo and 
hipuu, a bag or bundle.] To make 
up into a bundle; to bundle up for 

Hoohiu (ho'o-hi'-u), v. [Hoo and 
hiu, to lift.] 1. To cause a lift- 
ing: Ua hoohiu ia ka moku iluna 
o ke ala huki moku. The ship was 




caused to be lifted on to the ma- 
rine railway. 2. To cause to rise 
by some exterior force; to hookau 
iluna. Ua hoohiu ia ka lahui mai 
loko o ka po, The people were 
caused to rise out of obscurity. 

Hoohiwahiwa (ho'o-hi'-wa-hl'-wa), v. 
[Hoc and hlwa, acceptable to the 
gods.] 1. To be acceptable to the 
gods; to be dear; to be greatly be- 
loved. 2. To honor; to treat as 
beloved or precious. 

Hooho (ho'-o'-ho), n. 1. A shout; an 
exclamation of joy. 2. A shout of 

Hooho (ho'-o'-ho), v. [Hoc and oho, 
to cry out.] 1. To shout or cry 
out, as a single person; to call 
after one. 2. To exclaim with 
many voices: holo ka moku ma- 
kai; hele na kanaka mauka e hooho 
hele ai, the ship went on the sea, 
the men went on shore shouting. 

Hoohoa (ho'o-ho'-a), v. [Hoo and 
hoa, a companion or friend.] 1. 
To cause to be friends; to make a 
friend of. 2. To challenge; to 
dare one to fight; to provoke to 

Hoohoahoa (ho'o-ho'-a-ho'-a), v. [Hoo 
and hoahoa, to beat or strike.] To 
cause a striking, as of beating 

Hoohoho (ho'o-h6'-ho'), v. [Hoo and 
hoho, to breathe hard.] To cause 
a sound like that emitted from a 
blow hole. 

Hoohohono (ho'o-h6'-ho'-no), v. [Hoo 
and hohono, an offensive smell.] 

1. To give or cause a slightly of- 
fensive smell, like tar, sulphur. 

2. To give out a smell like that of 
stale food. 

Hoohoka (ho'o-ho'-ka), v. [Hoo and 
hoka, disappointed.] To cause a 
mistake; to disappoint. 

Hoohokahoka (ho'o-ho'-ka-ho'-ka), v. 
[Freq. of hoohoka.] To cause fre- 
quent mistakes or blunders; to 
cause disappointment; to discon- 
cert; to throw into confusion; to 
destroy the self-possession cf. 

Hoohokahokai (ho'o-ho'-ka-ho'-kai), v. 
To cause general confusion. 

Hooholepaahaa (ho'o-ho'-le-pa'a-ha'a) , 
v. To seek secretly to seduce. 

Hooholi (ho'o-ho'-li), v. [Hoo and 
holl, a first appearance.] 1. To 
make a first appearance: Ke hoo- 
holi ae la ka niho o ke keiki, The 
child's first tooth appears. 2. To 

make one's first effort to do a 
thing. Syn: Hooheu. 
Hooholo (ho'o-ho'-lo), n. One who 
rides; a rider. 

Hooholo (ho'o-ho'-lo), v. [Hoo and 
holo, to run.] 1. To cause to run. 
2. To run along a road. 3. To move 
in various ways; to sail; to set 
sail, as a vessel; to ride on any- 
thing. 4. To agree, as a deliber- 
ate assembly; to pass, as a vote; 
to confirm an assertion; to settle; 
to conclude; to determine. 

Hoohololio (ho'o-h6'-16-li'-o), v. A 
horseman; a rider on horseback. 

Hooholomoku (ho'o-ho'-lo-mo'-ku), n. 
I [Holo, to sail, and moku, a ves- 
! sel.] One who sails or causes a 
i ship to sail. 

Hooholomoku (ho'o-ho'-16-mo'-ku), v. 
[Holo, to sail, and moku, ship.] To 
sail or to direct the sailing of a 
ship; applied either to the master 
or men. 

Hooholu (ho'o-ho'-lu), v. [Hoo and 
holu, to bend.] 1. To bend; to 
arch; to crook; to be flexible. 2. 
To make flexible; to cause to 
spring back. 3. To cause to swing 
up and down. 

Hooholuholu (ho'o-ho'-lu-ho'-lu), v. 
[Fre-q. of Hooholu.] 1. To bend, 
as a flexible piece of timber; to 
bend, as a stick, 2. To move up- 
ward and downward. 

Hoohonu (ho'o-ho'-nu), v. To level 
off the bottom of a lua or pit. 

Hoohonua (ho'o-h6'-nu'-a), v. 1. To 
be firmly established; to be fixed. 
2. Figuratively, to be well off; to 
have enough; to be above want. 

Hoohu (ho'o-hu'), v. [Hoo and hu, to 
rise.] 1. To cause to rise or swell, 
as leaven or poi; to cause to fer- 
ment; to break forth. 2. To cause 
an overflow of. 3. To cause a 
missing of the way or deviation 
from a direct path. 4. To cause a 
I revealing of what was before 

Hoohua (ho'o-hu'-a), v. [Hoo and 
hua, fruit.] 1. To cause to swell, 
I as a bud; to produce fruit, as a 
I tree; to bring forth, as a female. 
I 2. To cause to proceed from, as 
I consequences from actions or cir- 
cumstances, arguments, etc. 

Hoohua (ho'o-hu'a), v. 1. To insist 
upon for some personal favor, or 
privilege. Hoohua kekahi poe i 




ka inu rama. 2. To annoy or vex 
by petty requests. 

Hoohuae (ho'o-hu'-a'e), v. See ho- 
ohu, to cause an overflow. 

Hoohuahua (ho'o-hu'-a-hu'-a), v. To 
have nothing in one or in another, 
as you have nothing in me, or 
nothing doing. This word is an 
expression of unspeakable con- 
tempt and is always accompanied 
with a gesture. 

Hoohuahuaanalau (ho'o-hu'-a-hu'-a-a'- 
na-lau), v. To question captiously. 
Syn: Hoohuahualau. 

Hoohuahualau (ho'o-hti'-a-hu'-la-lau), 
adj. Puzzling; captious; olelo 
hoohuahualau, insidious question- 

Hoohuahualau (ho'o-hu'-a-hu'-a-lau), 
V. 1. To question in sport or deri- 
sion, the person questioned being 
ignorant of the design. 2. To 
puzzle with captious questions; to 
throw difficulties in the way of 
explanation; to talk strangely. 3. 
To make one's self strange; to 
pretend not to be acquainted. 4. 
To ask questions in a serious way, 
as a seeker after knowledge or in- 
formation. 5. To be in a state of 
suspense; to be puzzled; per- 
plexed. 6. To question what to 
believe or what not to believe. 

Hoohuaka (ho'o-hu'-a-ka), v. 1. To 
emit a great quantity of smoke in 
the process of smoking. 2. To 
cause a gleam of light; to cause a 
flash or a glimmer. 

Hoohuakaeo (ho'o-hu'-a-ka-e'o), n., v. 
Same as hoohuakeeo. 

Hoohuakeeo (ho'o-hu'-a-ke-e'o), n. 

1. Disdain; contempt. 2. A turn- 
ing away from or quitting because 

Hoohuakeeo (ho'o-hu'-a-ke-e'o), v. 
(Also hoohuakaeo.) 1. To find 
fault with; to be dissatisfied. 

2. To quit, to have done with be- 
cause offended. 3. To take of- 
fense at something said or done 
and go away or stop doing a thing 
as a mark of displeasure. 

Hoohuail (ho'o-hu'-a'-li), v. [Hoo and 
huali, to glitter.] 1. To cause to 
shine; to glitter with a pure white. 
2. To make pure. 

Hoohuelo (ho'o-hii-e'-lo), n. A length- 

Hoohuelo (ho'o-hu-e'-lo), v. [Hoo 
and huelo, the tail of an animal.] 

1. To lengthen out; to make small 
by drawing out in length. 2. To 
extend in length or space; to 

Hoohuhu (ho'o-hu'-hu'), V. [Hoo and 
huhu, anger.] 1. To make angry; 
to provoke. 2. To be very angry. 
3. To assume anger; to pretend to 
be angry. 

Hoohuhuki (ho'o-hu-hu'-ki), v. [Hoo 
and huki, to pull.] To pull one's 
own way; to be headstrong; to be 
set of purpose, willful. 

Hoohul (ho'o-hu'-i), V. [Hoo and hui, 
to unite.] To cause a union be- 
tween two or more things; to add 
to; to add on; to annex. 

Hoohulpo (ho'o-hu'-i-po'), v. [Hui, to 
come to gether, and po, night.] 

1. To come together in the night 
or in secret. 2. To meet in a 
place of assignation. 3. To meet 
without previous familiarity. 4. To 
be compelled to a union against 
the wishes of one or of both par- 

Hoohula (ho'o-hu'-la), v. [Hoo and 
hula, to pry up.] 1. To cause to be 
pulled up; to cause removal of. 

2. To cause to be taken up out of 
the ground to transplant. 

Hoohulei (ho'o-hu'-lei), v. [Hoo and 
hulei, to see-saw.] 1. To cause to 
move upward and downward or 
backward and forward. 2. To pro- 
duce a see-sawing motion, as in a 
hula dance. 

Hoohull (ho'o-hu'-li), v. [Hoo and 
hull, to turn over.] 1. To turn; to 
change; to cause an overturn; to 
express in another manner the 
same thing. 2. To cause to turn; 
to cause to change. 

Hoohulihull (ho'o-hu'-li-hu'-li), v. 
[Preq. of hoohuli.] To change; to 
turn often; to put in order; to 
turn over often; to mix up. 

Hoohuna (ho'o-hu'-na), v. [Hoo and 
huna, to hide.] To cause hiding; 
to cause a concealment of; to 

Hoohunahuna (ho'o-hu'-na-hu'-na'), v. 
[Freq. of Hoohuna.] To hide fre- 
quently or thoroughly. 

Hoohune (ho'o-hu'-ne), v. [Hoo and 
hune, poor.] 1. To cause poverty; 
to make poor. 2. To tease; to beg 
often; to ask something from an- 
other; to entreat a favor. 

Hoohuoe (ho'o-hu-5'e), v. To wonder 
at; to be surprised. 




Hoohuoi (ho'o-hu'-o'i), adj. 1. Causing 
jealousy; distrusting one's faithful- 
ness: he mea hoohuoi ia Halaani- 
ani ka nalo ana o Laieikawai. 
(Laieik. p. 128.) 2. Wondering. 

Hoohuoi (ho'o-hu'-o'i), n. 1. Jeal- 
ousy; o ka hoohuoi o na kanaka 
ame na 'Hi i na misionari, the 
jealousy of the people and chiefs 
respecting the missionaries. 2. A 
wondering; a feeling of doubt and 

Hoohuoi (ho'o-hu'-o'i), v. [Hoo and 
huoi, jealousy.] 1. To surmise; to 
infer; to imagine without certain 
knowledge. 2. To be jealous; to 
feel jealous toward another for 
some real or supposed advantage: 
Ina i noho lakou me kekahi alii 
hoohuoi kekahi alii, if they had 
lived with a particular chief, anoth- 
er chief would have been jealous. 

Hooia (ho-o'i-a), v. To prove; to 
make evident, to confirm the truth 
of a thing. 

Hooiaio (ho'-o'i-a-i'o), n. 1. A pledge 
for something promised. 2. A 
proof; an indorsement. 

Hooiaio (ho'-o'i-a-i'o), v. [Hooia and 
io, really.] 1. To prove; to sub- 
stantiate as a fact. 2. To take an 
acknowledgment, in a legal sense, 
as of a title deed, etc. 

Hooieie (ho'o-i'-e-i'-e), adj. 1. Proud; 
vain; light minded; foppish; vain- 
glorious. 2. Quarrelsome; given 
to contention, 

Hooieie (ho'o-i'-e-i'-e), v. [Hoo and 
je, to pick a quarrel.] To be quar- 
relsome; to seek for a fight. 

Hooihaiha (ho'o-I'-ha-i'-ha), v. [Hoo 
and ihaiha, strained.] 1. To be 
overcome by natural impulse or 
sudden motive or desire. 2. To be 
bloated; to be puffed out with air. 

3. To draw tightly, as a rope. 

4. To be intent. 

Hooiho (ho'o-i'-ho), v. [Hoo and iho, 
to descend.] 1. To cause to de- 
scend; to go down; e hooiho ana 
ka waa i Oahu. 2. In a nautical 
sense, to sail before the wind. 
3. To sail toward the south. 

Hooihoiho (ho'o-i'-h6-r-ho), v. [Freq. 
of Hooiho.] 1. To go down; to 
cause to descend; to let down lit- 
tle by little. 2. In a nautical sense. 
to sail in a southerly or westerly 
direction. 3. To form an oblong 
basket-like receptacle from leaves 
for keeping or conveying dry food. 

Hooihona (ho'o-i-ho'-na), n, [Hooiho, 
to descend, and ana, -ing.] 1. A 
road leading down hill; a descent. 
Syn: Ihona. 2. A slope; a de- 
clivity. 3. A sailing southward or 

Hoorika (ho'o-i-i'-ka), v. 1. To draw 
or contract the features; to make 
faces. 2. To draw into wrinkles; 
to shrink. 

Hooika (ho'o-i'-ka'), v. [Hoo and ika, 
to float ashore.] To go ashore 
from a boat or canoe; to put 
ashore*, as from a canoe; to throw 
on a bank from any water. 

Hooikaika (ho'o-i-ka'i-ka), v. [Hoo 
and ikaika, strong.] 1. To make 
strong; in a reciprocal sense, to 
make one's self strong; to 
strengthen; to encourage; to ani- 
mate. 2. To vie with; to endeavor 
to excel; to strive for superiority. 

Hooike (ho'o-i'-ke), v. [Hoo and ike, 
to see.] To cause to see, in the 
sense of restoring eyesight; to 
make one see who before was 
blind. (An invented word which is 
seldom used.) 

Hooiki (ho'o-i'-ki), v . [Hoo and Ikl, 
little.] To make small; to dimin- 
ish. (Seldom used. A better form 
is hooerai, or hooliilii iho, or hoo- 

Hooili (ho'o-i'-li), adj. Filled to sa- 
tiety; glutted. He nui no ka ma- 
ona ma ke kuaaina, he maona 
hooili; something to eat and lay 
aside; he maona a koeaku. 

Hooili (ho'o-i'-li), v. [Hoo and Hi, to 
lay upon one.] 1. To hit upon; to 
put upon, as to put on board a 
ship; to place upon, as upon the 
shoulders. 2. To transfer; to 
make over the possession of. 3. To 
gather; to collect. Same as hoo- 

Hooiliill (ho'o-lMi-i'-li), v. [Hoo and 
iliili, to collect.] To collect in 
store; to gather together; to gath- 
er in heaps. 

Hooilina (ho'o-i'-li'-na), n. [Hoo and 
ilina, an heir.] 1. An inheritance; 
property falling to one from the 
death of a person. 2. An heir; an 
inheritor of the property of a de- 
ceased person. 3. A burying place. 

Hooilinaolelo (ho'o-i-li'-na-o-le-lo), n. 
(Obsolete.) The will of a de- 
ceased person. 

Hooilo (ho'o-i'lo), n. The rainy or 
wintry months, in distinction from 
kau, the summer season. 




Hooiloilo (ho'o-i'-lo-i'-lo), v. To pre- 
dict from signs or ,omens. See 
hoiloilo and iloilo. 

Hooinaina (ho'o-i-na'i-na), v. [Hoo 
and inaina, to hate.] 1. To arouse 
hate or hatred; to stir up enmity. 
2. To be angry; to hate; to detest. 

Hooinu (ho'ol'-nu), v. [Hoo and inu, 
to drink.] To give drink to; to 
cause to drink. (Usually written 

Hooio (ho*o-i'-o), adj. Boastful. 

Hooio (ho'o-i'-o), n. Boastfulness; 
braggadocio; vain display. 

Hooio (ho'o-i'-o), v. 1. To talk about 
one's self in a boastful manner. 
2. To assume an air of superiority 
or preeminence. 3. To act in an 
artificial or ostentatious manner. 

Hooioi (ho'-o'i-o'i), adj. Assuming; 
forward; desirous of appearing 
conspicuous; vain; conceited. 

Hooipo (ho'o-i'-po), v. [Hoo and ipo, 
a mistress.] To woo; to court; to 
solicit the affections of one; ap- 
plied either to men or women. 

Hooipoipo (ho'o-I'-po-I'-po), v. [Fr€?q. 
of hooipo, to woo.] 

Hooka (ho'o-ka'), v. [Hoo and ka, to 
dash.] 1. To dash; to strike. 
2. To cause a dashing down; to 
break; to shatter, destroy by 
throwing down. 

Hookaa (ho'o-ka'a), n. The payment 
of a debt. 

Hookaa (ho'o-ka'a), v. [Kaa, to roll.] 
1. To cause to roll off. 2. To pay 
a debt. 3. To discharge any obli- 
gation, which involves the binding 
nature of a promise or contract. 
4. To reciprocate; to interchange. 

Hookaakaa (ho'o-ka'a-ka'a), v. [Hoo 
and kaakaa, to open.] 1. To open, 
as the eyes; to cause to open; to 
cause one to see by opening the 
eyes. 2. To cause to roll, that is, 
to ride in a carriage. [From kaa, 
a wheel.] 

Hookaana (ho'o-ka-a'-na), v. [Hoo 
and kaana, to assemble, to bring 
together.] 1. To cause an assem- 
bling of. 2. To decoy, as the fish- 
ermen entice the uhu into the net. 

Hookaawale (ho'o-ka'a-wa'-le), n. Di- 

Hookaawale (ho'o-ka'a-wa'-le), v. 
[Hoo, kaa, to roll, and wale, only.] 
1. To roll off; to separate; to 
make a space between. 2. To di- 
vide off; to cause a division. 3. To 

cause a separation. [From kaa- 
wale, separate.] 

Hookaawili (ho'o-ka'a-wi'-li), v. [Hoo 
and kaawili, to flatter.] 1. To flat- 
ter for the purpose of obtaining a 
favor; to cajole; to coax. 2. To 
gain by flattering. 

Hookaawili (ho'o-ka'a-wi'-li), v. [Hoo, 
kaa, to roll, and wili, to twist.] 
1. To cause to turn or writhe, as 
in pain; hence, to be in severe 
pain. 2. To fondle; to caress; to 
treat tenderly. 

Hookae (ho'o-ka'e), v. [Hoo and kae, 
contempt.] 1. To treat contemp- 
tuously; to reject as unworthy of 
notice. 2. To scorn; to treat 

Hookaekae (ho'o-ka'e-ka'e), v. 1. To 
daub over; to paint badly. 2. To 
defile; to pollute, as food, books, 
mats, etc.; Mai hookaekae i ka 
moena, Don't dirty the mats. 

Hookaeo (ho'o-ka'-e-o), v. 1. To be 
angry without just cause. 2. To be 
addicted to censure; to be fault- 
finding or querulous. See keeo. 

Hookaeoeo (ho'o-ka'-e'-6-e'-o), v. 
[Freq. of Hookaeo.] To be criti- 
cal, censorious, fault-finding, etc. 

Hookaha (ho'o-ka'-ha), n. An extor- 
tioner; one who strips people of 
their property. Hookaha is the 
result of kuko, lia, iini, etc., to 
desire strongly. 

Hookaha (ho'o-ka'-ha), v. [Hoo and 
kaha, to seize.] 1. To extort; to 
cheat. 2. To seize what is anoth- 
er's; to take property with the 
owner's knowledge, but without his 
consent. 3. To turn suddenly from 
a direct courfee and move toward 
another point. 

Hookahakaha (ho'o-ka'-ha-ka'-ha), adj. 
Superb; showy; fine; making a 
display as a dandy. (Applied to 
the merits of an exhibition.) 

Hookahakaha (ho'o-ka'-ha-ka'-ha), n. 
A display; an exhibition; a cele- 
bration; hana iho la ia i hookaha- 
kaha no kana poe wahine, he made 
an exhibition of his wives. 

Hookahakaha (ho'o-ka'-ha-ka'-ha), v. 
To parade; to make an ambitious 
display; to show off. 

Hookahe (ho'o-ka'-he), n. A flowing, 
as of blood or water; a pouring 

Hookahe (ho'o-ka'-he), v. [Hoo and 
kahe, to flow.] To water; to cause 




water to flow over land; to cause 
to flow, as a liquid; to irrigate. 

Hookahea (ho'o-ka'-he'-a), v. [Hoo 
and kahea, to call out.] To cause 
to cry out; to call; to raise the 
voice in calling: la hookahea 
anae a'u, o ka piu nui no ia i ka 
naholo, As I called out they all 

Hookahee (ho'o-ka'-he'e), v. [Hoo 
and kahee, to slip or slide off.] 
1. To cause to flow off. 2. To 
cause to pass through a strainer; 
to cleanse; to filter. 3. To pour 
from one container into another. 
4. To fish with a scoop net. 

Hookahekahe (ho'o-ka'-he-ka'-he), v. 
[Freq. of hookahe.] To water, as 
land; to cause to flow, as water; 
to wet by overflow; to drain, as 

Hookaheia (ho'o-ka'-he'-la), v^. [Hoo 
and kahela, to spread out or 
heave.] 1. To swing along, as the 
swell of the sea when it comes 
along the western coast of Hawaii 
from the south; to flow along, as 
a high swell of the sea. 2. To lie 
down and stretch out at full length. 

Hookahelahela (ho'o-ka'-he'-la-he'-la), 
V. [Hoo and helahela, to stretch 
out.] To bend round; to curve, as 
passing round a cape, as the wa- 
ters of the ocean. See kahela 
and kuhela. 

Hookahi (ho'o-ka'-hi), adj. One; only 
one, in distinction from many. 

Hookahi (ho'o-ka'-hi), adv. Singly; 
alone; only. Hele hookahi, to go 
alone; to go by one's self. Ku 
hookahi, to stand alone. 

Hookahi (ho'o-ka'-hi), n. A oneness; 
a unity; a being only one. 

Hookahi (ho'o-ka'-hi), v. [Hoo and 
kahi, one.] 1. To be or cause to 
be one; to separate a group into 
individuals. 2. To make one, that 
is, to resemble; to be similar or like 
something else. 3. To attend to 
one thing. 4. To make one out of 
many, E imi kakou ma ka mea e 
hookahi ai ka manao ana, let us 
seek to unite our thoughts. 

Hookahikahi (ho'o-ka'-hi-ka'-hi). v. 
[Hoo and kahi, to rub; to comb.] 
Literally, to cause to be rubbed. 
1. To anoint; to daub over. 2. To 
rub gently; to lomilomi or chafe 
the limbs very softly. 3. To comb 
or dress the hair. 

Hookahiko (ho'o-ka'-hi'-ko), v. [Hoo 
and kahiko, to be old.] To return 
to conversation and manners of 
ancient times; to talk of former 
times; to imitate ancient manners. 

Hookahiko (ho'o-ka'-hi'-ko), v. [Hoo 
and kahiko, to apparel or adorn, 
also hookahikohiko.] 1. To cause 
to be dressed ; to make a person or 
place attractive to sight by dec- 
orating. 2. To cause one's self 
to be dressed attractively. 

Hookahiohio (ho'o-ka-hi'o-hi'o), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of hio, to lean 
over.] 1. To cause to lean over 
a little. 2. To be slightly intox- 
icated so as to stagger. 

Hookahu (ho'o-ka'-hu), v. To be or 
act the part of a servant; to have 
or take care of persons or prop- 
erty; applied to a king, to care 
for one's people. 

Hookahuli (ho'o-ka'-hu'-li), v. [Hoo 
and huli or kahuli, to turn; to 
change.] 1. To change the out- 
ward form of a thing. 2. To turn 
over; to turn upside down; to 
overthrow; to cause an upsetting 
or overturning. 

Hookahu 1 1 hull (ho'o-ka'hu'-li-hu'-li), 
V. Freq. of hookahuli, to change, 

Hookahuna (ho'o-ka'-hu'-na), v. [Hoo 
and kahuna, a priest.] 1. To cause 
to be a priest; to set apart for 
the priesthood. 2. To pretend to 
be a kahuna; to act pretentiously 
as a kahuna or priest. 

Hookahunahuna (ho'o-ka'-hu'-n3.-hii'- 
na), V. [Hoo and huna, a small 
particle and ka, to shake or dash.] 
Literally, to shake little atoms. 
To sprinkle, as fish is sprinkled 
with salt. 

Hooka I (ho'o-ka'i), v. Incorrect form 
of hokai, to waste; to destroy, 

Hookall (ho'o-ka'-i'i), v. 1. To harden. 
2. To be hard in a bargain; to be 
close; to be stingy. 

Hookaka (ho'o-ka-ka'), v. [Hoo and 
freq. of ka, to dash; strike.] 1. 
To break up, as wood for fuel (the 
ancient Hawaiians had no axes for 
cutting fuel). 2. To cause a strik- 
ing against; to cause a breaking 

Hookakaa (ho'o-ka'-ka'a), adj. Roll- 

Hookakaa (ho'o-ka'-ka'a), n. A roll- 
ing together, as of clouds before 




a storm; a rolling; a being rolled. 

Hookakaa (ho'o-ka'-ka'a), v. [See 
Hoo and freq. of kaa, wheel.] 1. 
To turn, as a wheel; to rotate. 2. 
To cause to rotate; to roll; to 
turn over and over. 

Hookakaha (ho'o-ka-ka'-ha), v. [Hoo 
and kaha, to strike.] To pierce, 
as on comnig in contact with two 
cocks in fighting; to strike with 
spurs, as a cock. 

Hookakahele (ho'o-ka'-ka-he'-le), v. 
[Hoo and kakahele, to go reck- 
lessly.] To go beyond a pre- 
scribed limit. 

Hookakala (ho'o-ka'-ka'-la), v. [Hoo 
and kala, or kakala, rough.] To 
make rough; to have many pro- 
tuberances; to be rough with 
sharp points. 

Hookakale (ho'o-ka'-ka'-le), v. [Hoo 
and kakale, soft, watery.] To 
make soft or spongy; to be soft; 
to be flexible, like the wattle of a 

Hookakani (ho'o-ka'-ka'-ni), v. [Hoo 
and kakani, the itch.] To break 
out with the itch. 

Hookakekake (ho'o-ka'-ke-ka'-ke), adj. 
1. Muddy; dirty; pehea ia wahi, 
maikai anei? Aole, he hookake- 
kake wale no. 2. Not free of dirt; 
not perfectly clean. 

Hookakekake (ho'o-ka'-ke-ka'-ke), v. 
1. To wipe or wash imperfectly, as 
a table or dishes; in washing 
clothes when one daubs on soap 
and hardly washes it off, it is said, 
he hookakekake kau hana ana, 
aole pau ka lepo. 2. To mix; to 
blend; to mingle medicine* with 
food in order to take it. 3. To 
daub or paint over carelessly, as 
in coloring a map. 4. To blot over. 

Hookaia (ho'o-ka'-la), v. [Hoo and 
kala, rough.] To sharpen; to 
grind, that is, to rub on a stone for 
sharpening; to grind, as a tool. 

Hookalae (ho'o-ka'-la'e), v. [Hoo 
and kalae, clear sky.] To cause 
to clear off, as clouds after a rain; 
to open, as the clouds that the sky 
may appear; to be clear, as the 

Hookalahala (ho'o-ka'-la-ha'-la), v. 
[Hoo and kalahala, to pardon sin.] 
To cause to pardon sin; to make 
an atonement. 

Hookalai (ho'o-ka'-la'i), v. [Hoo and 
kalal, to hew.] 1. To cause to 
hew; to cut, as wood or stones 

into some shape. 2. To pretend to 

Hookalakalai (ho'o-ka'-la-ka'-lai), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of kalai, to hew.] 
To cut off; to smooth, as the in- 
side of a canoe; to finish or put 
in proper shape by cutting with 
an ax. 

Hookalakupua (ho'o-ka'-la-kii-pu'-a), 
V. 1. To lie in wait; to ambus- 
cade for the purpose of robbery; 
to act the part of spies. 2. To 
entrap one in his words. 3. To ob- 
serve or watch slyly as one plots 
mischief. 4. To practice witch- 
craft; to hold intercourse with 
good or evil spirits. See kala and 

Hookalali (ho'o-ka'-la-li'), v. [Hoo 
and kalali, to show off.] To carry 
one's self in a haughty manner; to 
exhibit smartness in pose; to 
show off. 

Hookalekale (ho'o-ka'-le-ka'-le), adj. 
Lying; deceitful; treacherous. 

Hoo kali (ho'o-ka'-li), v. [Hoo and 
.kali, to delay.] To cause to wait; 
to wait; to delay; to wait for 

Hookaiilolilo (h6o-ka'-li'-16-li'-lo), v. 
[Hoo and kalilolilo, to be about to 
die.] To reach that stage in dis- 
ease where result between life and 
death is uncertain; to reach the 
turning point or crisis in disease. 

Hookaluhe (ho'o-ka'-lu'-he), v. 1. To 
bend; to vibrate as a leaf in the 
wind. 2. To ogle; to bend and 
twist, as a fop or a vain woman. 

Hookama (ho'o-ka'-ma), adj. Pertain- 
ing to adoption: O Luhi ka'u keiki 
hookama, Luhi is my adopted 

Hookama (ho'o-ka'-ma), n. , 1. An 
adopted child. 2. The state of be- 
ing an adopted child. 

Hookama (ho'o-ka'-ma), v. [Hoo and 
kama, a child.] To adopt, as a 
child; to make the child of an- 
other one's own. 

Hookamaa (ho'o-ka'-ma'a), v. To 
shoe; to furnish with shoes or 

Hookamahao (ho'o-ka'-ma-ha'o), v, 
[Hoo and kamahao, wonderful.] 
To be or do something wonderful; 
to be transformed; to take a new 
form, especially a more splendid 
one; to make wonderful; to be or 
cause to be an object of wonder. 




Hookamakama (ho'o-ka'-ma-ka'-ma), I 
adj. Pertaining to prostitution. ; 

Hookamakama (ho'o-ka'-ma-ka'-ma), 
n. 1. A prostitute. 2. Prostitution. 
He hookamakama kekahi mea nui 
ma kahi alii. 

Hookamakama (ho'o-ka'-ma-ka'-ma), 
V. 1. To prostitute one's wife or 
daughter; to make one a prosti- 
tute. 2. To behave lasciviously; to 
prostitute one's self for money. 
See Kamakama. 

Hookamakamaka (ho'o-ka'-ma'-kri-mfi'- , 
ka), V. [Hoo and kamakamaka, to! 
cover.] 1. To ask forgiveness; to 
seek restoration of friendship. 2. 
To forget an injury. 

Hookamalani (ho'o-ka'-ma-la'-na), v I 
[Hoo and kamalani, a chief's: 
child.] To make one a favorite, 
especially one who appears un- 
worthy; to treat indulgently, as a 
doting parent a disobedient or 
mischievous child; to lavish favors 
on a child. \ 

Hookamani (ho'o-ka-ma'-ni), n. 1. A i 
hypocrite. 2. Hypocrisy; guile; | 
pretense. j 

Hookamani (ho'o-ka'-ma'-ni), v. [Hoo 
and kamani, outwardly attractive.] I 
1. To have a very good external | 
appearance, but to be internally | 
worthless. Applied to any sub- 
stance. 2. Applied to persons, to 
be deceitful; to act the hypocrite; 
to make hypocritical pretensions; 
to be worthless under a pleasant 

Hookamaniha (ho'o-ka'-ma-ni'-ha), v. 
[Hoo and kamaniha, to be rude.] 
1. To be rude; to be rough; to be 
unsocial. 2. To be hard-hearted, 
unfeeling; to be unkindly disposed. 

Hookanahai (ho'o-ka'-na-ha'i), v. [Hoo 
and kanahai, to decrease.] 1. To 
be small; to be stinted; to make 
small; to make less; to reduce in 
size; to humble somewhat. Syn: 
Hookanahau. 2. To be cautious; 
to be moderate; "to go slowly. 

Hookanahau (ho'o-ka'-na-ha'u), v. To 
be small; to be depresses!; to 
make less. Syn: Hookanahai. 

Hookanahe (ho'o-ka-na'-he), v. To 
drive or urge forward; to accel- 
erate movement; to hurry; to 
quicken. Syn: Hookanakaie. 

Hookanahua (ho'o-ka'-na-hu'-a), v. 
[Hoo and kanahua, crooked; stoop- 
shouldered.] 1. To bend upward, 
as a crooked rafter. 2. To rise 

above water, as a whale's back. 
3. To bend; to crook; to be hump- 
backed. 4. To be refractory; to 
refuse to obey. 

Hookanaka (ho'o-ka'-na'-ka), v. [Hoo 
and kanaka, a man.] To be or 
act like a man; to be brave; to be 
manly; to act the part of a brave 

Hookanakaie (ho'o-ka-na'-ka-i'e), v. 
To quicken; to hasten; to urge 
on. Syn: Hookanahe. 

Hookanakamakua (ho'o-ka-na'-ka-ma'- 
ku'-a), n. Maturity, as a young 
person of either sex; being grown 
up. (Laieik. p. 28.) 

Hookanakamakua (ho'o-ka-n^'-ka-ma'- 
kii'-a), V. [Hoo and kanakamakua, 
an adult.] 1. To personify a grown 
person. 2. To cause one's self to 
act with unshaken courage; to act 
the part of a grown person; to be 
sober, grave, sedate, etc. 

Hookanaleo (ho'o-ka'-na-le'o), v. [Hoo 
and kanaleo, to feign, to sham.] 
To act falsely; to dissemble; to 
make a prepense of, as one who 
feigns sobriety when intoxicated. 

Hookanaiua (ho'o-ka'-na-lu'-a), v, 
[Hoo and kanalua, to be in doubt.] 
To cause to be in doubt; to hesi- 

Hookanaoe (ho'o-ka'-na,-o'e), v. (Hoo- 
kanaie is preferable.) 1. To push 
forward; to urge on; to quicken; 
to hasten in doing a thing. Syn: 
Kanahe. 2. To persevere in mov- 
ing forward. 

Hookanawal (ho'o-ka'-na-wa'i), v. 
[Hoo and kanawai, law.] 1. To 
set off from one in anger; hoo- 
kanawai aku la ia i kona wahi i 
hele ai, aole e hele hou; hookana- 
wai aku la i na makamaka. 2. To 
separate one's self from a person, 
place or thing under a solemn vow 
not to renew acquaintance until 
certain conditions are fulfilled. 
(Not an uncommon practice with 
angered persons). 

Hookane (ho'o-ka'-ne), n. A woman 
keeper of a house of bad repute. 

Hookane (ho'o-ka'-ne), v. [Hoo and 
kane, husband, man.] 1. To make 
a special friend of a man; applied 
only to a woman. 2. To keep a 
house of assignation. 

Hookani (ho'o-ka'-ni), v. [Hoo and 
kani, a ringing sound.] 1. To 
cause to sound; to make a sound 
as by ringing a bell or by striking 




some resonant body; to play on a 
musical instrument. 2. To sing or 
celebrate with voice or instru- 
ment; to make a musical sound. 
3. To reverberate, roar or rattle, 
as thunder. 

Hookanikani (ho'o-ka'-ni-ka'-ni), v. 
[Freq. of hookani.]. To play the 
ukeke; to strike on anything to 
make a sound repeatedly. 2. To 
sing often. 3. To make a noise, 
as a multitude of voices and in- 
struments preparatory to a moko- 
moko or boxing match; a noho 
malie na kanaka, alalia, hookani- 
kani pihe mai, penei. 

Hookanipihe (ho'o-ka'-ni-pi'-he), v. 
[Hoo, kani, a ringing sound, and 
pihe, discord; hookanikanipihe is 
preferable.] 1. To make a great 
discordant noise, as in an assem- 
bly for the hula; Alalia, hookani- 
pihe mai kela aoao o ka aha. Then 
the other side of the assembly 
shouted. 2. To wail in a loud 

Hookano (ho'o-ka'-no), n. Haughti- 
ness; pride; self sufficiency. See 

Hookano (ho'o-ka'-no), v. [Hoo and 
kano, to be proud.] To be proud; 
to be lofty in demeanor; to be 

Hookaokoa (ho'o-ka'-o-ko'-a), adj. Ar- 
rogant; exclusive. 

Hookaokoa (ho'o-ka'-o-ko'-a), v. [Hoo 
and kaokoa, to stand aloof.] To 
put one's self forward; to be 
prominent among many others; 
makemake no oia e hookaokao ia 
ia. Laieik. p. 91. Syn: Hookiekie. 

Hookaokoa (ho'o-ka'-o-ko'-a). v. [Hoo 
and kaokoa, to stand aloof.] 1. To 
cause to be placed aside. 2. To 
set apart; to devote to a special 
purpose. 3. To separate from. 

Hookapae (ho'o-ka'-pa'e), v. [Hoo 
and kapae, a turning aside.] 1. 
To cause to turn off; to push 
aside; to parry; to render ineffec- 
tual, as an argument, to refute. 2. 
To turn aside and conceal; to 
thrust out of sight. 

Hookapeke (ho'o-ka'-pe'-ke), n. Ar- 
rangement of one's garments so 
as to display some part of the 
person, an incentive to lewdness; 
eia kekahi mea e moekolohe ai, o 
ka hoohiehie a o ka hookapeke. 

Hookapeke (ho'o-ka'-pe'-ke), v. [Hoo 
and kapeke, to be out of place.] 
1. To cause to be unloosened; to 
unloose; to uncover. 2. To take 
stealthily; to conceal; hookapeke i 
ke poi, to take off the cover; hoo- 
kapeke i ka waa, to conceal the 

Hookapekepeke (ho'o-ka'-pe'-ke-pe'- 
ke), V. [Hoo and kapekepeke, un- 
steady.] To cause doubt; to make 
unconstant in feeling, purpose or 
pursuit; to cause to be of change- 
able mind, belief or opinion. 

Hookapu (ho*o-ka'-pu), v. [Hoo and 
kapu, prohibited.] 1. To prohibit; 
to forbid; to put under an inter- 
dict. 2. To consecrate; to make 
sacred; to set aside for a particu- 
lar use. 

Hookapuhi (ho'o-ka'-pu'-hi), n. [From 
the old custom of feeding a spe- 
cies of puhi or eel — puhi uha or 
omole.] 1. A nurse of a king's or 
a chief's child; e na haumana, 
ame na kumu, ame na hookapuhi, 
ame na kahu. 2. The kahu of an 
animal, as the master or owner of 
a dog; e imi ma ka hanuhanu ana 
ka ka ilio e loaai ka hookaouhi, 
to seek as a dog s.eeks by smelling 
to find his master. See kahu. 

Hookapuhi (ho'o-ka'-pu'-hi), v. [Hoo 
and kapuhi, a master, provider or 
guardian.] To feed a species of 
eel (puhi omole) an industry said 
to be practiced chiefly on Oahu. 

Hookapukapu (ho'o-ka'-pu-ka'-pu), v. 
[Hoo and kapu, sacred.] To 
exalt; to extol; to glorify; to eulo- 

Hookau (ho'o-ka'u), v. [Hoo and 
kau, to hang or place upon.] To 
put up upon; to go up; to place 
one thing upon another; e hookau 
hianioe, to fall asleep. Laieik. p. 

Hookauaheahe (ho'o-ka'u-a'-he-a'-he), 
V. [Hoo, kau, to hang, and aheahe, 
light, gentle, as a light breeze.] 
1. To fly softly or gently, like a 
kite. 2. To hover; to move to and 
fro in a quiet manner in the air. 

Hookauhua (ho'o-ka'u-hu'a), v. [Hoo 
and kauhua, to conceive.] 1. The 
formative or growing state of the 
young in the womb. 2. Name of a 
condition incidental to women dur- 
ing the first three or four months 
of pregnancy. 




Hookaukau (ho'o-ka'u-ka'u), n. Gath- 
ering of clouds before a rain, 
regarded as a sign of stormy 
weather. 2. An assembling. 3. 
A placing upon. See hookau. 

Hookaukau (ho'o-ka'u-ka'u), v. (Freq. 
of hookau.] 1. To put upon; to 
ascend upon; to cause to arise; 
to lift up a thing, as a child in 
putting him on a horse. 2. To 
gather, as clouds before a rain: 
E ua mai ana paha, ke hookau- 
kau ae la na ao. Likely it will 
rain; the clouds are piling up. 

Hookaukaulua (ho'o-ka'u-ka'u-lu-a), v. 
To wait; to procrastinate*. 

Hookaulana (ho'o-ka'u-la'-na), v. [Hoo 
and kaulana, to be renowned.] To 
make a person or event famous; 
to send abroad a report concern- 
ing a person or thing. 

Hookaulua (ho'o-ka'u-lu'-a), v. [Hoo 
and kaulua to be slack.] 1. To 
procrastinate; to delay; to detain; 
to be slow in obeying a command. 
2. To be in doubt; to hesitate 
about doing a thing; to postpone 
a work. 3. To be late; to be oui 
of season. 

Hookaumaha (ho'o-ka'u-ma'-ha), v. 
[Hoo and kaumaha, heavy.] To 
lay a burden upon one; to be hard 
upon; to trouble; to oppress. 

Hookauwa (ho'o-ka'u-wa'), v. [Hoo 
and kauwa, a servant.] 1. To 
make a servant of; to cause one 
to serve or to be a servant. 2. To 
act in the capacity of a servant. 

Hookauwakuapaa (ho'o-ka'u-wa'-ku'- 
a-pa'a), n. 1. Hard service; cruel 
bondage. 2. State of a bond serv- 

Hookauwakuapaa (ho'o-ka'u-wa'-ku'- 
a-pa'a), v. [Hoo, kauwa, a serv- 
ant, and kuapaa, laborious.] 1. To 
serve with rigor; to act under, 
and live in hard bondage. 2. To 
cause to serve as a bondservant. 

Hookauwowo (ho'o-ka'u-wo'-wo), v. 
[Hoo and kauwowo, to branch out 
and spread.] 1. To cause to grow 
and increase, as vines or vege- 
tables of rapid growth; to grow 
thriftily, as vines or plants. 2. To 
cause to multiply, as a people. 

Hookawowo (ho'o-ka'-w6'-wo), v. 
[Hoo and kawowo, to roar.] To 
make* a slight rumbling noise, as 
by moving the feet, drumming 
with the fingers, etc.; to rust-e, as 

leaves in the wind; to roar, as a 
waterfall or a high mnd. 

Hooke (ho'o-ke'), n. 1. A struggling 
against dififculty; an urging on. 
2. A push; a shove. 

Hooke (ho'o-ke'), v. [Hoo and ke, 
to compel.] 1. To crowd together, 
as at the door of a house; to el- 
bow; to edge on by degrees. 2. To 
push aside any person or thing 
that is in the way. 3. To get one 
into difficulty by intrusion or in- 
trigue. 4. To struggle against op- 
position. 5. To abstain from; to 
let alone; to oppose. 

Hookeai (ho'o-ke'-a'i), v. [Hooke, to 
abstain, and ai, food.] To abstain 
from food; to fast. 

Hookeekee (ho'o-ke'e-ke'e), v. [Hoo 
and keekee, obstinate.] To be 
sullen; to be morose; to be obsti- 
nate, sulky, etc. 

Hookeeo (ho'o-ke'-e'-o), v. [Hoo and 
keeo, to be angry.] 1. To be 
quickly angry; to be wrathful; to 
be quick tempered. 2. To be dis- 
affected; to quit becaufi^e of dis- 

Hookeha (ho'o-ke'-ha), v. [Hoo and 
keha, to be puffed up.] 1. To 
cause one's self to be puffed up; 
to be proud; to be vainglorious; 
to assume undue importance. 2. 
To treat with contempt. 

Hookehakeha (ho'o-ke'-ha-ke'-ha), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of keha, to be 
puffed up.] 1. To be proud; to be 
high minded; to imitate a chief 
in manners and dignity. 2. To 
make a pretense of pre-eminence. 

Hookei (ho'o-ke'i), v. To set one's 
self above others literally; to take 
a higher seat; morally, to be 
proud; to be self exalted; alalia, 
hookei iho la ke kahuna nui nana 
i kai ka aha. See haakei, proud. 

Hookeikei (ho'o-ke'i-ke'i), v. [Hoo 
and keikei, to be glorious.] To 
glory; to boast; to honor one's 
self; to be proud of one's skill 
at any business; to be vainglori- 
ous; to think much of one's self. 

Hookekee (ho'o-ke'-ke'e), adv. Crook- 
edly. See kekee. 

Hookekee (ho'o-ke'-ke'e), v. [Hoo 
and kekee, crooked.] To crook; 
to bend; to pervert; to spurn; to 
make crooked; to be crooked. 

Hookela (ho'o-ke'-la), n. 1. One in- 
tent on excelling. 2. An attempt 




to outdo, to surpass, etc. 3. Name 
of a month. 

Hookela (ho'o-ke'-la), v. [Hoo and 
kela, excelling, going beyond.] 1. 
To exceed; to go beyond; to be 
higher; to be more. 2. To excel; 
to outdo. 3. To attempt to go be- 
yond; to compete with ambitiously.' 

Hookele (ho*o-ke'-le), n. 1. One who I 
steers; a helmsman; a steerer of 
a canoe. (Laieik. p. 45.) Syn: 
Hookelewaa. 2. A captain; a di- 
rector; a guide through dangers or 

Hookele (ho*o-ke'-le), v. [Hoo and 
kele, to slip; to slide along.] 1. 
To sail, as the master of a ship 
or canoe. 2. To direct or steer a | 
ship or canoe; to hold the helm. [ 
3. To direct the course of or con- j 
duct any business; to lead along i 
through difficult places. 4. To 
cause to be wet, muddy, slimy, 

Hookelekele (ho'o-ke'-le-ke'-le), v. 
[Freq. of hookele, to sail.] 1. To 
slip or slide easily. 2. To sail 
about for pleasure in a canoe or 
boat. 3. To feed the exhausted 
gradually a little at a time. See 
pikale. 4. To moisten the raw ma- 
terial used in weaving in order to 
make it pliable and easy to han- 
dle; to sprinkle with water; e 
hookelekele i ka moena. 

Hookelewaa (ho'o-ke'-le-wa'a), n. 
The helmsman of a canoe. Syn: 

Hookeo (ho'o-ke'o), v. [Incomplete 
form of hookeokeo, from keo, 
white.] To make white; to 

Hookeokeo (ho'o-ke'o-ke'o), v. [Hoo 
and keo or keokeo, white.] To 
cause whiteness; to make white. 

Hookepa (ho'o-ke'-pa), v. [Hoo and 
kepa, to snatch at.] 1. To cause 
to snap or snatch at with the 
teeth; to tear or rend with the 
teeth. 2. To cut with a slope. 

Hookeu (ho'o-ke-u), v. [Hoo and 
keu, a remainder.] 1. To have 
over and above; to make a re- 
mainder. 2. To cause a residue; 
to cause to be left over after a 
counting or separation. 

Hooki (ho'o-ki'), v. [Hoo and kl, to 
shoot.] 1. To cause to be emitted 
or shot forth. 2. To eject in a 

stream, as water from a pipe; to 
discharge; to shoot; to pretend to 
shoot. 3. To cause to go after; to 
set on as a dog is ordered to seize 
its victim. 

Hookie (ho'o-ki'e), v. [Hoo and kie, 
high.] To cause to lift up; to be 

Hookie! (ho'o-ki-e'i), v. [Hoo and 
klei, to look slyly.] To cause to 
peep; to look slyly at. 

Hookiekle (ho'o-ki'e-ki'e), n. Pride; 
haughtiness; overbearing conduct. 

Hooklekie (ho'o-ki'e-ki'e), v. [Hoo 
and kiekie, to be high.] 1. To 
elevate; to lift up. 2. To be 
proud; to be high minded; to lord 
it over another. 

Hookihe (ho'o-ki'-he), v. [Hoo and 
kihe, to sneeze.] To cause to 

Hookihl (ho'o-kl'-hi), v. [Hoo and 
klhi, edge, corner.] 1. To cause 
a corner or nook by overlapping; 
to lay over so as partly to cover. 
2. To cause to be folded so as to 
lie partly over something. 3. To 
turn off at a right angle. 

Hooklhikihi (ho'o-ki'-hi-kl'-hi), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of klhi, corner; 
edge, etc.] To branch out; to 
make many corners; to make the 
sides of a figure irregular. 

Hookll (ho'o-ki'i), adj. 1. Thin; lean 
in flesh. 2. Close; parsimonious. 

Hookll (ho'o-ki'i), n. Thinness of 
flesh from loss of food or starva- 

Hookii (ho'o-ki'i), v. [Hoo and kli, 
to go after.] To cause to go for 
a thing; to cause to fetch; to go 
after; to take hold of; to seize, as 
a little child tries to lay hold of 
things. 2. To deprive of food; to 
cause fasting. 

Hooklikli (ho'o-ki'i-ki'i), v. [Hoo 
and klikii, to swell.] To cause to 
swell out, as the breast; as the 
stomach; to rise. 

Hookiki (ho'o-kl'-ki'), v. See hoo 
and freq. of ki, to shoot.] To 
spill; to drop, as water; to squirt 
or eject in a stream out of a nar- 
row orifice. 

Hookikii (ho'o-ki'-ki'i), v. [Hoo and 
kikii, to recline.] 1. To stretch 
out in a reclining posture on couch 
or mat for the purpose of rest. 




2. To yield to the natural impulse 
for unrestraint and repose. 

Hookiki-kanawai (ho'o-ki-kl-ka'-na- 
wai), V. To enforce law. (A 
primitive phrase, the modern ex- 
pression is hooko-kanawai.) 

Hookikina (ho'o-ki-ki'-na), v. [Hoo 
and kikina, to hasten.] 1. To send 
on an errand with dispatch; to 
command; to order; to hurry. 2. 
To urge; to ply with motives; to 

Hookikino (ho'o-ki-ki'-no), v. Hoo- 
kino is preferable. 1. To form into 
a body. 2. To make a likeness of: 

Hookikino wale o Lualii ia maua, 
A ike I ke ino o kanaka, a haalele. 
Lualii made us two to be gods ; 
He discovered man's deformity and cast 
us aside. 

Hookikino (ho'o-ki-ki'no), v. To em- 
body. Same as hookino. 

Hookilo (ho'o-ki'-lo), adj. Thin, 
wasted in flesh by iUness. 

Hookilo (ho'o-ki'-lo), v. [Hoo and 
kilo or hakilo, to look earnestly.] 
1. To spy; to eavesdrop or over- 
hear; to act as a spy upon those 
who do wrong; e hookilo i ka 
hewa. 2. To watch, as one who 
is doing wrong; to watch slyly. 3. 
To act the part of a kilo or one 
skille-d in magic. 4. To grow thin; 
to waste away, as one in the con- 
sumption; hookilo kino ole, wiwi. 

Hookimo (ho*o-ki'-mo), v. [Hoo and 
kimo, to butt.] 1. To cause to 
strike with the head; to go head- 
long. 2. To play or cause to play 
the game of kimo. 

Hookimokimo (ho*o-ki'-mo-ki'-mo), n. 
A dropping forward of the top. 
Hookikimo is preferable. 

Hookimokimo (ho'o-ki'-mo-ki'-mo), v. 
To nod; to drop forward the head 
from drowsiness. 

Hookina (ho'o-ki'-na), v. [Hoo and 
kina, to urge on.] 1. To cause 
constant renewal of; to prolong; 
to persist. 2. To make one heavy 
or sad; to oppress; to make 
weary; to put one burden on after 
another; to add one command 
after another. 3. To urge one to do 
a thing; to compel to do it: Malia 
i hookina ai kuu kane ia'u i ka 
inu awa, Perhaps my husband will 
compel me to drink awa. — Laieik. 
p. 208. Hookina hoi ka ua, The 
rain falls continuouslv. 

Hookinakina (ho'o-ki'-na-ki'-na), v. 
[Freq. of hookina.] 

Hookino (ho'o-ki'-no), v. [Hoo and 
kino, body.] To embody; to give 
body, form or solidity to a thing; 
to take a shape: hookino ai ka 
honua, he gave the earth a body 
or shape. Same as hookikino. 

Hookio (ho'o-ki'o), v. [Hoo and kio, 
a pool.] 1. To spread out; to en- 
large. 2. To gather together, as 
water in a lake or pond. 

Hookioklo (ho'o-kro-kl'o), v. [Hoo 
and kiokio, to play on a pipe.] 

1. To pipe; to play on, as a fife; 
to play on any wind instrument. 

2. To whistle. 

Hookipa (ho'o-ki'-pa), adj. Disposed 
to entertain strangers; kanaka 
hookipa, a man liberal in enter- 
taining strangers. 

Hookipa (ho'o-ki'-pa), n. A receiv- 
ing and entertaining. 

Hookipa (ho'o-ki'-pa), v. [Hoo and 
kipa, to turn aside. 1. To turn 
in; to lodge. 2. To entertain with 
hospitality; to invite to enter one's 

Hookipi (ho'o-ki'-pi), adv. Rebellious- 
ly; treacherously. 

Hookipi (ho'o-ki'-pi), v. [Hoo and 
kipi, rebellious.] To cause a re- 
bellion; to promote defiance of 
lawful authority. 

Hookiwi (ho'o-ki-wi), n. An un- 
steady motion in standing or walk- 

Hookiwi (ho'o-ki-wi), v. [Hoo and 
kiwi, to crook.] 1. To crook or 
bend, as a horn. 2. To pull along. 

3. To fall down; to move from 
one side to the other as if about 
to fall, in standing or walking; to 

Hookiwikiwi (ho'o-ki'-wi'-kl'-wi), v. 
[Freq. of hookiwi.] 1. To incline 
or swing backward and forward 
frequently in standing or walking. 
2. To pretend to totter or threat- 
en to fall. 

Hooko (ho'o-ko'), v. [Hoo and ko, 
to fulfill.] Literally, to cause a 
fulfillment of. 1. To fulfill; to 
carry out, as a contract; to fulfill, 
as an agreement or promise. 2. To 
cause pregnancy. 3. To be con- 

Hookoa (ho'o-ko'-a), v. [Hoo and 
koa, a soldier.] To act the sol- 
dier; to be brave; to be strong; 
to be fearless. 




Hookoa (h5'-6-k6'a), v. Incorrect 
form of hoookoa, from okoa, dif- 
ferent. 1. To make different. 2. 
To set apart; to separate. 3. To 
discriminate. 4. To cause to lili" 

Hookoe (ho'o-ko'-e), v. [Hoo and 
koe, remainder.] To cause some to 
remain; to be over and above; to 
be left after some are taken; to 
reserve; to set aside. 

Hookoekoe (ho'o-ko'e-ko'e), v. [Hoo 
and koekoe, cold.] 1. To cause to 
be cold; to make cold and wet; to 
be chilly. 2. To dampen or make 
moderately wet. 3. To make in- 
sipid or flat, as applied to food. 

Hookoene (ho'o-ko'-e'-ne), adj. Fee- 
ble, as applied to natural motion: 
Hookoene no hoi kau hele, your 
walking is feeble. 

Hookoene (ho'o-ko'-e'-ne), v. [H«oo 
and koene, to take shelter.] 1. To 
make effort to reach shelter, as 
applied to the manner of walking 
of feeble persons. 2. To creep 
along haltingly and resting till a 
safe place is reached; to go feebly. 

Hookohana (ho'o-ko'-ha'-na), v. To 
cause one to be naked, destitute or 

Hookohokola (ho'o-k6'-h6-ko'-la), v. 

1. To rejoice at the overthrow of 
one's enemy; to be glad at his 
discomfiture. 2. To express con- 
tempt at the discomfiture or fail- 
ure of another. 

Hookohu (ho'o-ko'-hu), n, 1. A 
chosen one; one appointed to a 
post of duty. (Laieik. p. 104.) 

2. A warrant granting authority to 
perform certain duties; a com- 
mission; a diploma. 

Hookohu (ho'o-ko'-hu), v. [Hoo and 
kohu, the being fixed.] Literally, 
to cause to be fixed or placed. 
1. To empower; to authorize a 
performing of some office. 2. To 
place in some position of trust or 

Hookohukohu (ho'o-ko'-hu-ko'-hu), v. 
1. To ask with forwardness. 2. To 
act presumptuously; to be assum- 
ing. 3. To make advances in at- 
tempt to gain favor with. See 

Hookoi (ho'o-ko'-i), v. [Hoo and koi, 
to urge on; to compel.] 1. To 
speak in a harsh voice; to make 
rough or harsh; to urge. 2. To 
menace by the use of language. 

Hookoikoi (ho'o-ko'i-ko'i), n. 1. A 
bearing of a burden. 2. The act 
of making one sad; putting one in 
circumstances disagreeable and 
grievous to be borne. 

Hookoikoi (ho'o-ko'i-ko'i), v. [Hoo 
and koikoi, heaviness; weight.] To 
make heavy literally or morally; 
to oppress; to treat with rigor. 

Hookoi koipuahiole (ho'o-ko'i-ko'i-pu- 
a'-hi-o'-le), v. 1. To cause a 
thing to be done by false pre- 
tense. 2. To acquire by issuing 
false or fictitious orders. 

Hookoine (ho'o-ko-i'-ne), v. [Hoo and 
koine, to hasten.] 1. To endeavor 
or hasten to act in spite of infirm- 
ity or feeble-ness: Hookoine mai 
nei oe i ka hele. You endeavor to 
walk in spite of your weakness. 
2. To enter a state of mental re- 
pose after a condition of mental 

Hookokanawai (ho'o-k6-ka'-na-wa'i),v. 
[Hooko to fulfil, kanawai, law.] 
To enforce law. 

Hookoko (ho'o-ko'-ko), v. [Hoo and 
koko, blood.] 1. To blush; to have 
a suffusion of the face with red 
from suppressed emotion, as 
strong passion, anger, etc. 2. To 
be full of anger; to be red with 

Hookokohi (ho'o-ko'-ko'-hi), adj. 
Running low; black; thick; 
threatening, as clouds; he ao hoo- 
kokohi, a thick black cloud. Ap- 
plies also to low creeping plants. 

Hookokohi (ho'o-ko'-ko'-hi), v. To 
be black and threatening, as 
clouds; to lower. 

Hookokoke (ho'o-ko'-ko'-ke), v. [Hoo 
and kokoke, near in time or place.] 
To cause to draw near; to ap- 

Hookokole (ho'o-ko'-ko'-le), v. Con- 
traction of hookolekole, which see. 

Hookokolo (ho'o-ko'-ko'-lo), v. [Hoo 
and kokolo, to crawl.] 1. To cause 
one to crawl or creep. 2. To stoop 
or bend down; to walk in stooping 
posture; to walk in a feeble man- 
ner, as an infirm person. 3. To 
be round-shouldered. 

Hookokonoie (ho'o-ko'-ko'-no-i'e), v. 
[Hoo and kokonoie, to stir up, to 
excite.] To rouse to lively 
thought or action; to encourage; 
to incite; to inspire with hope. 




Hookola (ho'o-ko'-la), v. [Hoo and 
kola, sexual excitement.] To cause 
excitement of the sexual passions. 

Hookolakola (ho'o-ko'-la-ko'-la), v. 
[Freq. of hookola.] To arouse 
sexual passion. 

Hookole (ho'o-ko'-le), v. [Hoo and 
kole, raw or red, as flesh.] To 
cause to be red, as partly cooked 
meat. Hookolekole is in more 
general use. 

Hookolekole (ho'o-ko'-le-ko'-le), v. 1. 
To make raw or red, as flesh. 
2. To cause food to be partly 

Hookolili (ho'o-ko'-li-li), v. [Hoo and 
kolill, to flutter.] 1. To cause to 
flutter; to move up and down or 
to and fro with quick vibratory 
motion. 2. To scatter in small 
particles, as water. 

Hookolo (ho'o-ko'-lo), v. [Hoo and 
kolo, to creep; to crawl.] 1. To 
cause to creep or crawl along; to 
walk bent over; to crouch. 2. To 
approach one with the intention of 
entering into conversation. 3. To 
draw near to in a creeping pos- 
ture. 4. To approach humbly to 
ask a favor. (In ancient times all 
persons sent for by a chief as 
suspected or accused of an of- 
fense, and all who came to a chief 
to ask a favor, approached him on 
their hands and knees, crawling 
from a distance.) 5. To follow a 
trail, track or clew; to follow by 
footsteps, tracks or signs. 

Hookolokolo (ho'o-ko'-16-ko'-lo), v. 
[Hoo and kolokolo, to seek evi- 
dence.] 1. To call to account. 
2. To question with the design of 
eliciting some fact; to investigate 
by questioning. 3. To try an ac- 
cused person; to hold a court. 

Hookolonuha (ho'o-k6'-16-nu'ha), adj. 
Sullen; silent; refusing to speak. 
See kolo. 

Hookolonuha (ho'o-k6'-16-nu'-ha), v. 
[Hookolo for hookoiono and nuha, 
obstinate.] 1, To be stubborn or 
obstinate; to be sullen and silent. 
2. To persist in a line of conduct 
sullenly without apparent reason. 

Hookomo (ho'o-ka'-mo), v, [Hoo and 
komo, to enter; to sink down.] 
1. To cause to enter in various 
ways; to enter an aperture; to 
enter the door of a house; to sink 
down into, as into water. 2. To 
place within; to insert; to put into. 

Hookomokomo (ho'o-k5'-m6-k6'-mo), 
V. [Freq. of hookomo.] To fill up 
intei'stices ; to push or shove into 
intervening space, as in calking. 
See komo and komokomo. 

Hookona (ho'o-k6-na'), v. [Hoo and 
kona, to be strong.] 1. To be 
brave; to dare; to be hard upon. 

2. To be haughty; to be over- 

Hookoni (ho'o-ko'-ni), v. [Hoo and 
koni, to test; to try.] I. To try; 
to experience; to cause to be prov- 
en. 2. To ask or try a little by 
way of begging or making a bar- 
gain; to tempt; to learn by trial 
or experiment. 

Hookonini (ho'o-ko'-ni'-ni), v. [Hoo 
and konini, convalescent.] 1. To 
revive from fainting. 2. To cause 
to shoot up or grow like a plant. 

3. To swell, as a bud. 4. To con- 
valesce, as a sick person. 

Hookono (ho'o-ko'-no), v. [Hoo and 
kono, to invite.] 1. To cause or 
issue an invitation. 2. To solicit; 
to tempt to come. 

Hookonokono (ho'o-ko'-n6-ko'-no), n. 
1. A setting on, as dogs to fight; 
causing a quarrel between persona 
that they may fight and kill each 
other. 2. An urging to aggressive 
action; to "sic-em" on. 

Hookonokono (ho'o-ko'-n6-ko'-no), v. 
[Hoo and kono, to invite; to 
urge.] 1. To set on; to urge, as 
dogs to fight. 2, To entice one to 
do something, not necessarily 
wicked. 3, To stir up or excite 
feeling. 4. To send frequently to 
hurry one on. 5. To be induced to 
do a thing. (Laieik. p. 128.) 

Hookowa (ho'o-k6-wa'), v. To sep- 
arate; to make a space between. 

Hooku (ho'o-ku'), v. [Hoo and ku, to 
stand.] 1. To cause to stand; to 
stand erect; to stick up in a per- 
pendicular position. 2. To hold 
water with the paddles when the 
canoe is sailing. 3. To put off 
from one's self; to decline to sup- 
port or help; to refuse assistance. 

4. To direct the course of: Ke 
hooku la o Kahanamoku i kona 
waa no Kalehuawehe, Kahanamo- 
ku directs the course of his canoe 
to Kalehuawehe. 

Hookua (ho'o-ku'-a), v. 1. To con- 
tinue effort until one's strength 
and interest are gone. 2. To work 
so continuously without results 




that the employment becomes a 
mere matter of form, lacking in- 
terest. See kua and kuanui. 

Hookuakeeo (ho'o-ku-a-ke-e'o), v, 
1. To act contrary to. 2. To go to an 
extreme in anything because of 
anger, as when one asks a little 
and a great deal is thrown to him 
in anger. 2. To be dissatisfied 
and forsake, renounce or refuse. 

Hookuali (ho'o-ku-a'-li), v. To whit- 
en, to make white. See kuali. 

Hookuamiami (ho'o-ku'-a'-mi-a-mi), v. 
[Hoo and kuamiami, the motion of 
a hinge.] 1. To make motions like 
a hinge. 2. To revile one about his 

Hookuanui (ho'o-ku'-a-nu'-i), v. 1. 
To cause a putting forth of effort 
as a mere matter of routine. 2. To 
do one's task in a spiritless, de- 
jected manner from any cause. 

Hookue (ho'o-ku-e'), v. [Hoo and 
kue, to resist.] To cause to re- 
sist; to oppose; to make opposi- 

Hookuekue (ho'o-ku'-e-ku'-e), v. To 
excite anger; to stir up opposition. 
See hookue. 

Hookuekue (ho'o-ku'e-ku'e), v. [Kue- 
kue, the elbow joint.] To elbow; 
to jog with the elbow; to push. 

Hookuekuemaka (ho'o-ku'-e-ku'-e-ma'- 
ka), V. [Hoo and kuemaka, the 
eye-brow.] To contract the eye- 
brows in reproof or anger; to 

Hookuekuemakanui (ho'o-ku'-e-ku'-e- 
ma'-ka-nu'i), v. Intensive of hoo- 

Hookuekuene (ho'o-ku'-e-ku-e'-ne), v. 

1. To make way; to turn aside. 

2. To move back and forth, as a 
fan. 3. To cool one with a fan. 
4. To arrange in order; to put in 
order. See kuene. 

Hookuene (ho'o-ku'-e'-ne), v. [Hoo 
and kuene, to measure.] 1. To 
take the measure for laying out a 
building; to measure; to lay out. 
2. To arrange for; to prepare. 

Hookuewa (ho'o-ku'-e'-wa), v. [Hoo 
and kuewa, one who has no place 
in life.] 1. To cause one to wan- 
der about friendless. 2. To act the 
part of a vagrant or vagabond; to 
have no settled habitation. 

Hookuhi (ho'o-ku'-hi), v. [Hoo and 
kuhl, a gesture with the hand.] 
1. To teach the art of gesture or 
motion of body and limbs in the i 

hulas or dances. 2. To cause to 
guess; to suppose; to think. 

Hookuhihi (ho'o-ku'-hi'-hi), v. 1. To 
cause censure or condemnation to 
fall upon an innocent person; to 
entangle or involve the innocent 
in the wrong doing of others. 2. To 
entangle; to cause to entangle. 
Syn: kahihi. 

Hookuhikuhi (ho'o-ku'-hi-ku'-hi), v. 
Freq. of hookuhi, to teach gestures 
in dancing. 

Hookuho (ho'o-ku'-ho'), v. [Hoo and 
kuho, the sound of a stone falling 
perpendicularly into water.] 1. To 
cause a sound short and quick, as 
a stone falling perpendicularly into 
water. 2. To emit a violent con- 
vulsive cough followed by a whoop, 
as in whooping cough. 

Hookui (ho'o-ku'i), n. A joining or 
connecting; o kahi mawaena o ka 
lani ame ka honua, ua kapaia he 
lewa, he hookui ame ka halawai. 

Hookui (ho'o-ku'i), v. 1. To cause to 
be strung, as in stringing flowers 
for leis or wreaths. E hookui i ka 
manai a uo i ke Kaula a lawa. 
2. To join together, as letters in 
forming a word. 3. To dovetail; 
to fit; to splice. 4. To dash or 
strike against each other. 

Hookuikahi (ho'o-ku'i-ka'-hi), v. [Hoo 
and kuikahi, to unite.] 1. To 
unite; to agree together; to cause 
to be united. 2. To make a 
treaty of peace and friendship. 

Hookuikui (ho'o-ku'i-ku'i), n. 1. Any 
whole thing made by a combina- 
tion of other wholes, as a house 
made by bringing together two or 
more houses; something united or 
put together. 2. A sentence; a 
collection of words. 

Hookuikui (ho'o-ku'i-ku'i), v. [Freq. 
of hookui; from kui, to unite.] 1. 
To unite; to join together. 2. To 
put words together as in talking in 
a slow, hesitating manner. 3. To 
unite by sewing, as cloth; e hoo- 
kuikui i ka manai, a uo i ke kaula 
a lawa. 4. To splice; to extend or 
repair by adding pieces. 

Hookuina (ho'o-ku'-i-na), n. 1. A 
uniting; a joining. 2. A seam in 
a garment. 3. A contact; a close 
joining of two or more things. 
4. Place where parts meet in any 
structure; he hookuina ami, a 
hinge joint. 




Hookuke (ho'o-ku'-ke), v. To drive 
off; to drive away; to banish; to 

Hookuku (ho'o-ku'-ku'), adj. 1. Full, 
as with food; satiated. 2. Fitted; 
having a resemblance. 

Hookuku (ho'o-kii'-ku'), n. [Hooand 
freq. of ku, to stand.] A standing 
to measure; fitting; a measuring 
of anything by comparison with 
something else. 

Hookuku (ho'o-ku'-ku'), n. Same as 
hokuku, fullness, etc. 

Hookuku (ho'o-ku'-kiV), v. 1. To 
examine in order to ascertain re- 
semblances or differences. 2. To 
cause to come or stand up to- 
gether in order to test quality, as 
competitors in feats of skill, 
strength, etc. 3. To try or fit on, 
as a garment, 

Hookukuli (ho'o-ku'-ku'-li), v. [Hoo 
and kukuli, to kneel, from kuli, the 
knee.] To cause to kneel; to 
kneel down. 

Hookulanalana (ho*o-ku'-la'-na-la'-na), 
V. [Hoo and kulanalana, to vacil- 
late, to be unsteady.] 1. To make 
unsteady; to cause to totter or 
shake as though about to fall. 
2. To unsettle; to cause to waver 
in opinion or determination. 

Hookull (ho'o-kiV-li), adj. 1. Silent; 
made to say nothing by a bribe, as 
in the phrase moe hookuli, to lie 
silent. 2. Not talkative; mute. 

Hookuli (ho'o-ku'-li), v. [Hoo and 
kuli, to be deaf.] 1. To turn away 
from hearing; to refuse to hear. 
2. To disregard one's advice or 
instruction. 3. To feign deafness; 
to pretend not to hear. 4. To 
bribe to disobedience. 

Hookulokulou (ho'o-ku'-lo-ku'-lou), v. 
To writhe, twist, turn or wring, as 
in great physical pain or over- 
whelming sorrow. 

Hookulou (ho'o-kQ'-lo'u), V. [Hooand 
kulou, to bow.] 1. To cause to bow 
down; to cower; to sit cowering. 

2. To cast the eyes downward. 

3. To cause mental depression; to 

Hookuloulou (ho'o-ku'-lo'u-lo'u\ v. 
To bend over. See hookulokulou. 

Hookulukulu (ho'o-ku'-lu-ku'-lu), v. 
[Hoo and kulu, to drop.] To leak; 
to fall in drops; to drip; to sprin- 
kle with water. 

Hookumakaia (ho'o-ku'-ma-ka'i-a), v. 
To cause an ambuscade; to be- 

tray; to accuse an innocent per- 
son; to cause a betrayal. 

Hookumakena (ho'o-ku'-ma-ke'na), v. 
To cause to wail, as persons for 
the dead. 

Hookumu (ho'o-ku'-mu), V. [Hooand 
kumu, the beginning of a thing.] 

1. To make a beginning of; to en- 
ter on; to take the first step; to 
do the first act; to originate. 

2. To settle; to root; to establish; 
to lay a foundation. 3. To ap- 
point to a particular business or 

Hookunaina (ho'o-ku'-na'i-na), v. 
[Hooku, to cause to stand and 
naina for inaina, anger or hate.] 
1. To cause retribution to follow 
conquest; to wreak vengeance on 
the successors or descendants of 
the vanquished. 2. To make a 
conquest; to conquer; to show an 
exterminating spirit; to reconquer. 
I Hookunana (ho'o-ku'-na-na), v. [Hoo- 
I ku, to stand, and nana, to look 
I about.] To hesitate; to pause; to 
be undecided. 
Hookunou (ho'o-ku'-no'u), v. [Hoo 
I and kunou, to bow.] To bow, as 
I the head; to nod, as the head; to 
I wag the head, or shake it; to bow; 
to bend over. 
Hookunu (ho'o-ku'-nu), v. [Hoo and 
kunu, to cough.] 1. To cause to 
I cough; to make one cough; to 
I hack and cough. 2. To feign or 
I imitate a cough. 
I Hookuoe (ho'o-ku'-o'e), v. [Hoo and 
I kuoe, to walk in stooping posture.] 
I To have to move along carefully 
j because of physical weakness; to 
i be made to delay or lag behind on 
j account of infirmity: Heaha keia 
I ou e kuoe ae nei? He omaimai, 
What makes you walk so feebly? 
It is illness. 
Hookuoha (ho'o-ku-6'-ha), n. A ve- 
nereal disease. 
Hookuoi (ho'o-ku-o'i), v. [Hoo and 
kuol, to move slowly.] To limp; 
to walk with unequal steps. 
Hookuokoa (ho'o-ku'-o-ko'-a), v. [Hoo 
and kuokoa, to stand aside.] To 
cause to stand aside; to put one 
by himself; to separate from others 
from a feeling of superiority. 
Hookuolo (ho'o-ku'-6'-lo), v. [Hoo 
and kuolo, to shake; to tremble,] 
To shake; to be unsteady, as with 
the palsy; to have the palsy; to 
cause to shake. 




Hookuoni (ho'o-ku-6'-ni), v. [KuonI, 
to move gently.] 1. To move a 
little; to move slightly or easily; 
to v^alk slowly. 2. To lag behind. 
Also called hookuuoni. 

Hookuono (ho'o-ku'-6'-no), v. [Hoo 
and kuono, a bay or gulf.] 1. To 
sink in, as the eye in sickness; to 
sink down; to indent, as the land 
on the sea shore and cause a bay. 
2. To make a breakwater. 3. To 
put in a corner or secluded re- 
treat. 4, To be comfortably set- 
tled in one's domicile. 

Hookuonoono (ho'o-ku'-6'-n6-6'-no), n. 
Persons living at ease having a 
competency of the means of living; 
aole hune nui o ka poe hookuono- 
ono, he lako lakou. 

Hookuonoono (ho'o-ku'-6'-n6-6'-no), v. 
[Hoo and kuonoono, well fur- 
nished.] 1. To be supplied; to 
have sufficiency. 2. To be quiet; 
to remain quiet a long time; to be 
well established. 3. To put in 
order; to keep in order. 4. To 
accumulate means or resources by 

Hookuoo (ho'o-ku'-o'o), v. [Hoo and 
kuoo, to stand ready.] 1. To stand 
ready; to be prepared for any 
business or event; to be in read- 
iness for a call. 2. To assume 
gravity for the purpose of decep- 
tion. 3. To be sober; to be 
solemn, sedate. 

Hookupa (ho'o-ku'-pa), v. [Hoo and 
kupa, to dig.] 1. To dig, as in 
trenching. 2. To cut; to hew, as 
in hollowing out a canoe. 3. To 
trench or loosen the soil of a gar- 
den in the process of tillage. 

Hookupa (ho'o-ku'-pa), v. [Hoo and 
kupa, a native.] To confer the 
status of a native or subject on an 
alien; to cause to become a sub- 
ject or give allegiance to. 

Hookupaa (ho'o-ku'-pa'a), v. [Hoo 
and kupaa, to stand fast.] 1. To 
cause to stand fast; to confirm, 
as an agreement. 2. To make per- 
petual, as a promise or covenant. 

Hookupakupa (ho*o-ku'-pa-ku-pa'), v. 
1. To dig; to excavate or cut, as 
in hollowing a log in making a 
canoe. 2. To dig or trench the 
soil in a garden. 

Hookupe (ho'o-kii'-pe), v. [For hooo- 
kupe.] 1, To cause a turning of, 
as one's ankle or foot in walking; 

hence, causing a stumbling. 2. To 
cause a misstep; to err in conduct. 

Hookupu (ho'o-ku'-pu), adj. 1. Lia- 
ble to taxation; mea hookupu, a 
tributary. 2. Taxed; laid under 

Hookupu (ho'o-ku'-pu), n. 1. A tax; 
a taxation; a tribute to one in 
higher standing; a present; a gift; 
a gratification. 2. A contribution. 

Hookupu (ho'o-ku'-pu), v. [Hoo and 
kupu, to spring up.] 1. To cause 
to vegetate; to cause growth. 
2. To contribute in common with 
others for a special object or per- 
son. 3. To pay taxes. 

Hookuu (ho'o-ku'u), adj. Let down; 
loosened; dismissed. 

Hookuu (ho'o-ku'u), v. [Hoo and 
kuu, to loosen.] 1. To let go; to 
dismiss; to send away; to release; 
to let down. 2. To set free or re- 
lease from obligation; to absolve, 
as from the consequences of break- 
ing a tabu, etc. 

Hookuukuu (ho'o-ku'u-ku'u), V. [Freq. 
of hookuu.] 1. To let down grad- 
ually or by little jerks, as a rope 
is lowered with a jerky motion. 
2. To let run wild without care or 

Hoola (ho'o'la), n. Used for hooola. 

1. Safety after danger; deliverance 
from peril; salvation of a people. 

2. One who saves or delivers. 
Hoola (ho'o-la'), n. 1. A tapa or Ha- 
waiian cloth of gray color; applied 
mostly to single pieces; but on 
Kauai, used instead of the word 
kapa generally. 2. Remnants of 

Hoola (ho'-o'-la), v. [For hooola, hoo 
and ola, recovery.] 1. To have ease 
after pain; to recover from sick- 
ness. 2. To cure a disease. 3. To 
save from danger; to deliver or 
free from death. 

Hoola (ho'o-la'), v. 1. To withhold 
openly; to be parsimonious. 2. To 
be miserly; to secrete or hide 
one's goods. 

Hoolaa (ho'o-la'a), v. [Hoo and laa, 
devoted.] To consecrate; to hal- 
low; to set apart for a particular 
purpose, especially for religious 

Hoolaalaa (ho'o-la'a-la'a), v. [For 
hoolala, from hoo and lala, a 
branch.] 1. To branch out, as the 
limbs, of trees. 2. To divide or 
plan a task into branches or sub- 




divisions (obsolete). The modern 
word is hoolala, to plan. 

Hoolaalaau (ho'o-la'a-la-a'u), v. 1. To 
create a growth of thicket, trees, 
shrubs, vines, etc. 2. To create an 
obstruction by cultivating ahrub- 
bery; to make a barrier by cross- 
ing sticks. 3. To obstruct or close 
a path; to plant or cause bushes 
to grow. Written incorrectly hoo- 

Hoolaau (ho'o-la'-a'u), adj. Knotty. 

Hoolaau (ho'o-la'-a'u), n. A cramp. 

Hoolaau (ho'o-la'-a'u), v. 1. To vex 
with importunity. 2. To contract; 
to be afflicted with cramp. 3. To 
cling to one; to persist in follow- 
ing after; to tease. 

Hoolaehonua (ho'o-la'e-h6-nu'a), v. 
[Hoo and laehonua), non-recogni- 
tion, forehead earthward.] 1. To 
avoid recognizing or being recog- 
nized; to refuse to take notice of. 

Kupanaha no hoi o Kaneakua. 

ka hoolaehonua no ka, hoi ia i kc 

Astoni.shinK is (the act of) Kaneakua ; 
She refuses to recognize her brother. 
2. To bow before a superior. 

Hoolaelae (ho'o-la'e-la'e), v. [Hoo 
and laelae, clear.] 1, To be clear; 
to shine; to be bright, as an un- 
clouded sky. 2. To make clear or 
luminous what is dark and mys- 

Hoolaha (ho'o-la'-ha), n. A public no- 
tice; an advertisement; anything 
that advertises. 

Hoolaha (ho'o-la'-ha), v. [ Hoo and 
laha, to spread out.] 1. To spread 
out; to widen; to spread abroad, 
that is, to publish extensively, as 
news; to cause to become of gen- 
eral interest. 2. To give notice of; 
to advertise; to announce pub- 
licly; to proclaim. 

Hoolahalaha (ho'o-la'-ha-la'-ha), v. 1. 
To bear; to carry, as on a double 
canoe or peleleu. 2. To spread or 
cover in the sense of offering pro- 
tection, as a bird covers its young. 

Hoolahalahai (ho'o-la'-ha-la-ha'i), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of lahai, to hover 
over.] 1. To hover over, as a bird; 
to flap the wings without making 
any advance, as an owl. 2. To float 
in the air, as a kite. 

Hoolaholaho (ho'o-la'-ho-la'-ho), v. 
[Hoo and laho, the scrotum.] To 
preserve and care for one's means, 
resources, property, etc. 2. To col- 
lect and keep intact, as in a re- 

Hoolahul (ho'o-la'-hu'-i), v. [Hoo and 
lahui, to prohibit.] 1. To proclaim 
a tabu or religious interdict that 
covers all inhabitants, whether 
chiefs, priests or the mass of the 
people. 2. To cause to be conse- 
crated; to be made tabu. 3. To for- 
bid the doing of a thing. 

Hoolal (ho'o-la'i), v. [Hoo and lai, 
to be still.] 1. To cause to be still; 
appease; to quiet, as a mob. 2. To 
be quiet; to be still. 

Hoolaka (ho'o-la'-ka), v. [Hoo and 
laka, tame.] To tame; to domesti- 
cate, as an animal; to take away 
wildness by friendly treatment. 

Hoolakalaka (ho'o-la'-ka-la'-ka), v. 
[Freq. of laka.] To make tame. 

Hoolako (ho'o-la'-ko), v. [Hoo and 
lako, a sufficiency.] To supply; to 
cause a supply; to be furnished; 
to supply for an emergency; to 
prepare; to get ready. 

Hoolakolako (ho'o-la'-k6-la'-ko), v. 
Freq. of hoolako, to be supplied, 

Hoolala (ho'o-la'-la'), v. [Hoo and 
lala, branch.] 1. To cause a 
branching out, as in plants by re- 
moving the top. To sprout from 
the stem as a plant. 3. To arrange 
the preliminaries for a definite 
piece of work; to lay foundations 
preparatory to starting work. 

Hoolala (ho'o-la'-la), v. To make 
flexible or capable of bending by 
the application of heat: He Hau- 
hana ka inoa o kahi e hoolala a ai, 
Hauhana is the name of the place 
(or oven) where the flexing or 
bending is done. 

Hoolala (ho'o-la'-la), v. To go or 
steer out of a regular course; ap- 
plied to a turning to the right as 
distinguished from muku or hoo- 
muku, a turning to the left. 

Hoolalahai (ho'o-la-la-ha'i), v. To 
hover over, as a bird. Syn: Hoola- 

Hoolale (ho'o-la'-le), v. [Hoo and 
lale, to be in haste.] 1. To cause 
stir; to hasten the doing of 
a thing; to excite to action; to get 
ready quickly for an event. 2. To 
hurry; to hasten. 

Hoolalelale (ho'o-la'-le-la'-le), v. 
[Freq. of hoolale.] 1. To get 
ready quickly; to put in order In 
a hurry, as a house when a visitor 
comes unexpectedly. 2. To hasten 




Hoolana (ho'o-la'-na), v. [Hoo and 
lana, to float; to hope.] 1. To 
cause to float; to be light; to 
float upon, as upon water. 2. To 
listen with attention; e hoolana 
i ka pepeiao. 3. To cheer up; to 
infuse life or hope into; to en- 
courage. 4. To insist upon; to 
persist from obstinacy, whether 
right or wrong. 

Hoolanakila (ho*o-la'-na-ki'-la), v. i 
[Hoo and lanakila, to overcome.] 
1. To cause to triumph. 2. To set 
at liberty from restraint; to grant 
immunity, privilege, exemption, 

Hoolanalana (ho'o-la'-na-la'-na), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of lana, to float.] 
1. To cause to be light; to float, 
etc. 2. To cause to be cheerful; 
to make hopeful. 

Hoolanilani (ho'o-la'-ni-la'-ni), v. 
[Hoo and lanilani, most eminent.] 
1. To exalt; to praise; to extol, 
eulogize. 2. To enjoy the priv- 
ileges of a chief. 3. To exercise 
authority upon. 

Hoolaoa (ho'o-la'-6-a), adj. Describ- 
ing a hook used in fishing for 

Hoolaoa (ho'o-la'o-a), n. A common 
hook fastened to the end of a 
shank and used in eel fishing. 

Hoolaoa (ho'o-la-o'-a), v. 1. To tie 
up, as small sticks for fuel, or as 
human bones are assembled and 
tied in a bundle. 2. To cause to 
be bound together. 

Hoolaola (ho'-o'-la-o-la'), v. [For hoo- 
olaola. Hoo and olaola, sound 
made in the throat in drinking.] 
1. To gurgle, as water when drink- 
ing. 2. To flow noisily, as from 
an ihiloa (long ne-cked calabash). 

Hoolaolao (ho'o-la'o-la'o), v. [Hoo 
and laolao, a bundle.] 1. To do 
up in bundles; to tie up, as a 
bundle for carrying; to tie a string 
around. 2. To collect and tie to- 
gether small sticks used in 
strengthening the banks of a 
stream or ditch. 

Hoolapa (ho'o-la'-pa), n. 1. Rising 
or boiling up. 2. The swelling or 
rising of a blister. 

Hoolapa (ho'o-la-pa), v. [See lapa, 
a ridge between two depressions.] 
1. To form a ridge of. See hoo- 
lapalapa, to furnish with or make 
ridges. 2. To cause a rising or 
boiling; to cause to rise in blis- 

ters or bubbles. 3. To excite with 
heat or passion. 

Hoolapalapa (ho'o-la'-pa-la'-pa), v. 
[Hoo and lapa, to spring around, 
or lapalapa, a ridge, a boiling, 
etc.] 1. To cause to spin around, 
caper, prance or frolic. 2. To 
cause a boiling or rising in bub- 
bles. 3. To make a blaze; to send 
forth a flaming light. 4. To form 
a ridge; to furnish with ridges. 

Hoolapanai (ho'-o'-la-pa'-na'i), n. 1. 
A redeemer; one who is put in 
the place of another to save that 
other's life. 2. An atonement. 

Hoolapanai (ho'-o'-la-pa'-na'i), v. [For 
hooolapanai, hoola, to save, and 
panai, to redeem.] To save one 
by redeeming; to buy the liberty 
of one who is in bondage; to re- 

Hoolapee (ho'o-la'-pe'e), v. [Hoo 
and lapee, to bend over.] 1. To 
bend up; to double over; to swell 
up. 2. To cause one's self to bend 
or crook in posture; to lie athwart 
or obliquely. 3. To cause to turn 
out of a straight line. 

Hoolapuu (ho'o-la'-pu'u), v. [Hoo 
and lapuu, to bend up.] To bend 
over; to arch; to crook; to recede 
from a straight line. Syn: Hoo- 

Hooiau (ho'o-la'u), v. [Hoo and lau, 
many; 400.] 1. To make numer- 
ous; to make company for one. 
2. To take away the solitude of a 

Hoolauakanea (ho'o-la'u-a-ka-ne-a'), 
V. To hide; to conceal; to go or 
put away out of sight; to deceive. 
See hoolaehonua. 

Hoolaulau (ho'o-la'u-la'u), v. [Hoo 
and laulau, to bundle.] 1. To tie 
up a bundle. 2. To cause to be 
tied up in "laulau" or parcels 
wrapped in leaves. Syn: Hoolao- 

Hoolauiea (ho'o-la'u-le'a), v. [Hoo 
and laulea, to be on friendly terms 
with.] 1. To appease; to calm one 
angry; to satisfy an injured party; 
to reconcile. 2. To perform the 
offices of a peacemaker. 

Hoolaumania (ho*o-lau'-ma-ni'-a), v. 
To spread out smoothly and even- 
ly; to make free of bumps or 

Hoolauna (ho'o-la'u-na), n. [Hoo 
and launa, friendly.] 1. To be on 
good terms with one; to act the 




part of a friend. 2. To give intro- 
duction to. 

Hoolauwili (ho'o-lau-wi'-li), v. [Hoo 
and lauwili, to turn; to be fickle.] 
1. To cause to twist; to take 
many positions or shapes. 2. To 
go round and round in speaking; 
to use many words in saying little, 
3. To be inconstant or fickle in 
doing a thing. 4. To involve in 
complications; to make intricate 
or difficult to understand by words 
or actions. 

Hoolawa (ho'o-la'-wS), v. [Hoo and 
lawa, enough.] 1. To finish; to 
make means suit the intended pur- 
pose; to accomplish a purpose. 2. 
To have enough; to be supplied; 
to apportion justly or equally; to 
cause to have enough. 3. To meet 
a deficiency; to supply what is 
lacking. 4. To subtract. 

Hoolawalawa (ho'o-la'-wa-la'-wa), v. 
1. To finish alike. 2. To give a 
portion to each. 

Hoolawe (ho'o-la'-we), v. [Hoo and 
lawe, to carry.] 1. To cause to 
draw out; to carry from one place 
to another; to cause to bear or 
carry; to take away from; to sub- 
tract. 2. To cause a taking away 
or removal. 

Hoolawehala (ho'o-la'-we-ha'-la), n. 
1. Treachery; seeking evil of one; 
a desire to detract from one's rep- 
utation; an accusation. 2. An In- 
jury caused by some trivial thing; 
a malady that has developed from 
a foreign or insignificant matter. 
He wahi eha iki wale no keia i 

Hoolawehala (ho'o-la'-we-ha'-la), v. 
1. To seek occasion against one; 
to find ground of accusation. 2. 
To cause the perpetration of a 

Hoo I awe I awe (ho'o-la'-we-la'-we), v. 
[Hoo and lawelawe, pertaining to 
work.] To cause to do or serve. 

Hoole (ho'-o'-le), v. [For hooole, 
hoo and ole, no; not.] 1. To deny; 
to be unwilling. 2. To contradict. 
3. To refuse assent; to withhold. 

Hoolea (ho'o-le'a), n. 1. Praise. 2. 
The object of praise. 3. Adoration 
in song; homage paid In worship. 

Hoolea (ho'o-le'a), v. [Hoo and lea, 
to be pleased with.] 1. To praise; 
to extol; to sing praise to. 2. To 
give delight to; to cause to be 
greatly pleased. 

Hooleakua (ho'-6-le-a-ku'-a), v. To 
deny the existence of the gods. 

Hoolealea (ho'o-le'a-le'a), adj. Pleas- 
ing; soothing, as music. (Laieik. 
p. 79.) 

Hoolealea (ho'o-le'a-le'a), v. [Hoo 
and lea, to please.] 1. To amuse; 
to sport with. 2. To sing in or- 
der to attract attention. 2. To 
soothe; to assuage; to alleviate 
sorrow or pain. 

Hoolehelehel (ho'o-le'-he-le-he'i), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of lehcl, to jump.] 
To move by a series of jumps or 

Hoolehe!ehekii (ho'o-le'-he-le'-he-ki*i). 
V. 1. Literally, to thrust out the 
lips, as an image. To behave in a 
gloomy manner; to be sullen, 
mute, obstinate, etc., from dislike 
or discontent. 2. To be disappoint- 
ed; to be baffled. 

Hoolei (ho'o-le'i), v. [Hoo and lei, 
to cast; to throw.] To cast or 
throw away; to reject; to drop 

Hooleilei (ho'o-le'i-le'i), v. [Freq. of 
hoolei, to throw away.] 1. To cast 
or throw away often. 2. To scat- 
ter; to strew about. 3. To make 
a series of throws or tossings. 

Hooleiloa (ho'o-le'i-15'a), v. Also writ- 
ten hooloa. [Hoolei, to throw, and 
loa, long.] 1. To extend or straight- 
en the body. 2. To straighten out; 
to make straight. 3. To stretch out 
the arm. 4. To stretch out the 
legs. 5. To cast off entirely; to 
discard; to cast off as useless. 
Syn: Kiola loa. 

Hooleina (ho'o-le'i-na), n. [For hoo- 
leiana.] 1. That which is cast or 
thrown away; refuse matter; of- 
fal; rubbish. See hoolena and 
hoolina. 2. Place where offal or 
rubbish is deposited. 

Hooleiwale (ho'o-le'i-wa'-le), v. [Hoo- 
lei, to throw away, and wale, only.] 
1. To throw away as useless or 
worthless. 2. To dispose of In a 
heedless manner. 

Hoolele (ho'o-le'-le), v. [Hoo and 
lele, to move In the air.] 1. To 
cause to fly; to let fly. 2. To 
cause a palpitation or fluttering. 
Ua hoolele la ka oili, caused her 
heart to flutter.— Laieik. p. 205. 

Hoolelehu (ho'o-le'-le'-hu), v. [Hoo 
and lelehu, to be sleepy.] 1. To 
cause or pretend sleepiness. (The 
word describes the sensation that 




follows a potation of awa.) 2. To 
give one's self up to a feeling of 
unconcern that precedes sleep. 

Hoolemana (ho'-ol-e-ma'-na), v. [Ho- 
ole, to deny, and mana, power; 
authority.] 1. To deny one's pow- 
er or authority, as the people in 
Liholiho's time denied the author- 
ity of the priests and the ancient 
gods; as the Jews also denied the 
authority of Jesus Christ. 2. To 
deny one's claim or ownership. 

Hoolena (ho'o-le'-na), n. Same as 
hooleina. That which is thrown 
away, or cast off. 

Hooleole (ho-o'-le-6-le), v. To deny. 

Hooleoleo (ho'-o'-le'o-le'o), v. 1. To 
cause to rise and fall, as waves. 
2. To go about creating confusion, 
as men running hither and thither 
inciting to action. 3. To make un- 
even; up and down, as a wrinkled 
mat or floor. 

Hoolepe (ho'o-le'-pe), v. [Hoo and 
lepe, diagonally.] To cause the 
edge to be cut or folded diago- 
nally like the edge of a scallop 
shell or the comb of a cock. 

Hoolepule (ho'-o'-le-pu'-le), v. [Ho- 
ole, to deny, and pule, prayer; re- 
ligion.] To deny one's authority 
to act as priest, as did the people 
after Liholiho had broken the 
tabu. Syn: Hoolemana above. 

Hoolewa (ho'o-le'-wa), n. 1. A 
bearing; a carrying; a floating in 
the air. 2. The act of bearing a 
corpse at a funeral; hence, 3. A 
funeral procession; funeral rites. 

Hoolewa (ho'o-le'-wa), v. [Hoo and 
lewa, to swing.] 1. To cause to 
swing; to vibrate; to float in the 
air. 2. To lift up and carry, as 
between two persons; to carry in 
a manele or palanquin. 3. To 
carry a corpse in a funeral proces- 
sion. 4. To cause a swinging or 
rotary motion, as in certain forms 
of dancing. 

Hoo lewa lewa (ho'o-le'-wa-le'-wa), adj. 
Moving; flying, as clouds that fly 
low; ina e kokoke mai ke ao, he 
ao hoolewalewa. 

Hoolewalewa (ho'o-le'-wa-le'-wa), v. 
[Hoo and lewalewa, to hang or 
dangle.] 1. To cause to be' sus- 
pended; to hang or swing loosely. 
2. To attach to something above 
so that the thing attached shall 
swing back and forth. 

Hoollhaliha (ho'o-li'-ha-ll'-ha), v. [Hoo 
and lihaliha, nausea, or sorrow.] 

1. To nauseate; to create sickness 
of the stomach. 2. To occasion 
grief, sorrow, sadness. 

Hooiike (ho'o-li'-ke), v. [Hoo and 
like, to be like.] 1. To make 
alike; to make equal; to liken one 
thing to another; to make a re- 
semblance. 2. To divide' equally. 
3. To imitate or copy. 

Hoollkelike (ho'o-li'-ke-li'-ke), n. A 

Hoollkelike (ho'o-li'-ke-li'-ke), v. 
[Freq. of hooiike.] To examine in 
order to discover similarity or un- 

Hoolili (ho'o-li'-li), adj. 1. Partaking 
of a jealous nature; distrustful. 

2. Firm; hard; bold; dignified; 

Hoolili (ho'o-li'-li), n. 1. A wavy 
appearance on the surface of a 
quiet sea, often caused by a school 
of fish swimming near the surface. 
2. The putting on of airs; a feel- 
ing of one's importance; the act 
of creating jealousy in another. 

Hoolili (ho'o-li'-li), v. [Hoo and MM, 
jealous.] 1. To partly close the 
eyes on account of a bright light. 
2. To make one jealous; to cause 
jealousy. 3. To set up for or as- 
sume what does not belong to one; 
hoolili ko Oahu e hookolokolo i ko 
Lahaina. 4. To provoke suspicion. 
5. To undulate, as the air under a 
hot sun; to undulate, as the sur- 
face of water by the skipping of 
fishes or gentle current of air. 

Hoolilo (ho'o-li'-lo), v. [Hoo and lilo, 
to pass from one to another.] 
1. To cause a transfer; to change 
from one to another; to deliver 
from one to another. 2. To be 

Hoolimalima (ho'o-ll'-ma-li'-ma), n. 
A person hired to work. 

Hoolimalima (ho'o-li'-ma-li'-ma), v. 
[Hoo and limalima, to handle.] 
1. To cause a doing of anything 
for a compensation. 2. To make a 
bargain; to hire; to buy or sell. 

Hoolina (ho'o-li'-na), v. Same as 
hooleina and hoolena. To cast 
off; to throw away. (Obsolete.) 

Hoolinalina (ho'o-li'-na-li'-na), v. 
[Hoo and linalina, tough.] 1. To 
cause to be tough and cohesive; to 
make glutinous. 2. To be tough 
and hard, like wax or gum. 




Hoolioli (h6'-6'-li-6'-li), v. [For hoo- 
olioli.] To cause to rejoice; to 
make glad; to be cheerful; to be 

Hooliolio (ho'-o'-li'o-li'o), v. To daz- 
zle with light. I 

Hooliuliu (ho'o-li'u-li'u), V. [Hoo and I 
liuliu, referring to duration of | 
time.] 1. To cause long delay; to | 
prolong; to be dilatory. 2. To i 
stay or delay over time. 

Hooliuliu (ho'o-li-u-ll'u), v. [Hoo and 
liuliu, to make ready or equip for 
action.] To cause to be prepared 
for a doing of some-thing; to start I 
preparations for a movement. 

Hooloa (ho'o-lo'-a), v. [Hoo and loa, 
long.] To stretch out or extend 
the arms or legs after being bent. 
Literally, to make long. Hooloa 

by a blow on certain muscles, 2. 
To be dull; to be stupid; to be 
indolent; to be unable to accom- 
plish anything. 3. To negle^it. 

Hoololalola (ho'o-16'-la-lo'-la), v. 
[Freq. form of hoolola.] 1. To 
cause loss of power frequently or 
to a great extent. 2. To be very 
stupid. 3. To neglect much or 

Hoolole (ho'o-lo'-le), v. [Hoo and 
lole, to peel or turn.] 1. To 
skin; to turn; to change; to turn 
outside in. 2. To cause to be 

Hooioli (ho'o-16'-li), v. [Hoo and loli, 
to change.] 1. To change; to 
alter; to renew; to take a new 
form. 2. To exchange one thing 
for another. 

Is said to be a Kauai word for ; Hoololiloli (ho'o-16'-li-lo'-li), v. [Freq. 


Hoolohaloha (ho'o-lo'-ha-lo'-ha), v. 
[Hoo and lohaloha, dumpish, mop- 
ing, etc.] 1. To be stupid . and 
dull. 2. To be spiritless; to lack 
energy; to be disheartened. 3. To 
be unsociable, 

Hoolohe (ho'o-lo'-he), v. [Hoo and 
lohe, to hear.] 1. To cause to 
hear; to turn the attention. 2. To 
listen; to regard; to obey. i 

Hoolohelohe (ho'o-16'-he-lo'-he), v. | 

of hooioli.] 1. To be constantly 
changing or altering. 2, To re*-.- 
tlfy; to change; to reform. 
Hoololohe (ho'o-lo'-lo'-he), v. [Hoo 
and lolohc, slow to hear, disobe 
dient.] 1. To be sour and to act 
roughly. 2. To be harsh in one's 
speech and behavior. 3. To re 
fuse compliance with one's invita- 
tion; to refuse all approaches; to 
be disobedient. (Laieik. p. 65.) 
4. To stay behind; to linger. 

1. To give ear continuously; to Hoolono (ho'o-lo'-no), v. [Hoo and 

pay attention. 2. To give special 
attention to the act of listening. 
3. To listen secretly, as an eaves- 
Hoolohi (ho'o-lo'-hi), v. [Hoo and 
lohi, to be slow.] 1. To make 

lono, a report.] 1. To give heed 
to rumors in order to verify them. 
2. To give obedience. 
Hoolopu (ho-o'-lo-pu'), V. [Ho(o) 
and olupu, to be inflated,] To 
dilate; to inflate. 


slow; to delay; to detain. 2. To Hoolou (ho'o-lo'u), v. [Hoo and lou, 

a hook.] To hook; to pull with a 
hook; to insert, as one thing into 
Hooloua (ho'o-lo'-u'a), adj. [Passive 
voice of hoolou; contracted from 
hoolouia.] Hooked; pulled with a 
hook; fastened with a hook. 

go slowly; to keep behind 
cause delay; to act slowly. 

Hoolohilohl (ho'o-lo'-hi-lo'-hi), v. 1. 
To indulge the habit of procrasti- 
nation; to be continually putting 
off. 2. To procrastinate; to post- 

Hooloihl (ho'o-16-I'-hi), v. [Hoo and Hooloulou (ho'o-lo'u-lo'u), v. [Hoo 

To lengthen out; to 

and loulou, heavy.] 1. To cause 
to bend over; to stoop in grief or 
sorrow; to be afflicted. 2. To 
bend with weight, as a tree laden 
with fruit. 

loihl, long.] 

Hoolokaa (ho-o-lo-ka'a), v. To cause 
to roll; to roll along a road. 

Hooloko (ho'o-lo'-ko), v. 1. To in- 
sinuate. 2. To suggest as a sport; i Hooloulou (ho'o-lo'u-lo'u), v. [Hoo 
to urge one to dance. 3. To i and freq. of lou, a link or hook.] 
prompt "the within" to perform 1. To connect with links or hooks, 
some act, meritorious or evil. | 2. To form a connected series with 

Hoolola (ho'o-lo'-la), v. [Hoo and anything doubled like a hook, 
lola, helpless.] 1. To cause loss of Hoolua (ho'o-lu'-a), adj. Strong; 
power of any part of the body, as \ rough; muscular: He hoolua nui 




ke kuaaina, he hoopepehu, People 
of the back country are muscular, 
they show strength. 

Hoolua (ho'o-lu'-a), n. 1. The strong 
north wind: He ua kahi hoolua, a 
he ua ole kahi hoolua, Some strong 
winds have rain, others not. 2. The 
name of the rain accompanying 
the north wind; he ua hoolua, he 
ua nui no ia. 

Hoolua (ho'o-lu'-a), v. [Hoo and lua, 
two; twice.] 1. To do twice; to 
repeat; to do over again. 2. Spe- 
cifically, to bake over; to cook 
twice. 3. To cook in an imu or 
oven until very soft. 

Hoolua! (ho'o-lii-a'i), v. [Hoo and 
luai, to vomit.] 1. To cause a 
vomiting; to cast out of the stom- 
ach. 2. Fig. To cast out, as a peo- 
ple; to drive off. 

Hooluaiele (ho'o-lu'-a'i-e'-le), v. 1. To 
misguide; to cause to go here and 
there instead of the direct way. 
2. To cause to be confused in 
thought; to involve; to make intri- 
cate or complicated and difficult 
to be understood. 

Hoolualuai (ho'o-lu'-a-lu-a'i), v, [Hoo 
and luai, vomit.] 1. To cause to 
vomit. 2. To use means to pro- 
voke vomiting; a hoolualuai aku 
la, a pau loa ka awa i ka luaiia. 
(Laieik. p. 208.) 3. To raise a 
portion of food slightly chewed, as 
ruminating animals. 

Hoolue (ho'o-lu'e), v. [Hoo and lue, 
to loosen.] 1. To cause to be 
loose, as any article of clothing; 
to cause to hang down free, as un- 
tied or loosed hair. 2. To bring 
forth many young, as a woman who 
has borne many children; as a 
hen that hatches many chickens. 

Hooluelue (ho'o-lu'-e-lu'e), adj. Hang- 
ing low and loosely, as ill-fitting 

Hooluelue (ho'o-lu'e-lu'e), n. A gown; 
a loose dress; a flowing robe. 

Hooluelue (ho'o-lu'e-lu'e), v. 1. To 
let down; to loosen. 2. To be 
loose, as a garment. 3. To throw 

Hooluhe (ho'o-lu'-he), v. 1. To be 
proud; to act haughtily; to sway. 
2. To droop, as a leaf; to be 
weak; to hang down. 

Hooluheluhe (ho'o-lu'-he-lu'-he), v. 
To hang loosely; to be flexible 
with weakness. 

Hooluhi (ho'o-lii'-hi), v. [Hoo and 
luhi, fatigue.] 1. To make weary. 
2. To make one work hard. 3. To 
oppress; to overbear; to overbur- 

Hooluhlhewa (hoo'-lu'-hi-he'-wa), v. 
[Hooluhi, to overburden, and hewa, 
wrongfully.] To oppress; to ha- 
rass; to burden wrongfully. 

Hooluhiluhi (ho'o-lu'-hi-lu'-hi), v. 
[Freq. of hooluhi.] 1. To force 
one to do many kinds of much 
hard work. 2. Continuously to 
impose excessive burdens upon. 

Hoolui (ho'o-lu'i), v. 1. To overturn 
the decision of a council of ka- 
hunas or prie-sts. 2. To abrogate; 
to abolish; to make void. 

Hoolule (ho'o-lu'-le), adj. Incorrect 
form of holule. 

Hoolulelule (ho'o-lu'-le-lu'-le), adj., v. 
Incorrect form of holulelule. 

Hooluli (ho'o-lu'-li), v. [Hoo and 
lull, to vibrate; to shake.] To 
rock; to vibrate; to cause a mo- 
tion back and forth. 

Hooluliluli (ho'o-lu'-lMu'-li), v. [Hoo 
and lull, to rock, roll, etc.] 1. To 
stir up; to awake one out of sleep; 
to disturb one's quiet; to agitate. 
2. To rock, as a child in a cradle. 

Hoolulu (ho'o-lu'-lu), V. [Hoo and 
lulu, quiet; calm.] 1. To lie 
quietly in the water, as a ship in 
a harbor; to be calm. 2. To make 
calm; to rest. 

Hooluluhi (ho'o-lu-lu'-hi), adj. Over- 
cast; gloomy; heavy; dark, said 
of the sky or atmosphere. 

Hooluluhi (ho'o-lu-lu'-hi), v. [Hoo 
and luhi, weary with labor.] 1. To 
cause the eyes to be heavy with 
sleep; to be drowsy; to be sleepy. 
2. To be heavy, dark, threatening, 
as clouds, before a storm. 

Hooluna (ho'o-lu'-na), v. [Hoo and 
luna, an officer; an overseer.] 1. 
To make or cause to be a luna or 
overseer; to appoint to be in au- 
thority over others. 2. To take 
upon one's self the functions of a 
luna or overseer; to be or act as 
an officer; to be in authority over 
others. 3. To stir up or order men 
to their duties; to act the luna. 

Hooluni (ho'o-lu'-ni), adj. Weak; 
applied to persons or things. See 

Hooluolu (ho'-o'-lu-o'-lu), v. [For 
hoooluolu. Hoo and oluolu, to 
please; to comfort.] 1. To make 




easy; to quiet; to comfort; to be 

cool. 2. To come between persons 
in disagreement with a purpose to 
reconcile; to pacify; to conciliate. 

Hooluu (ho'o-lu'u), V. [Hoc and luu, 
to dive into the water.] 1. To 
plunge into a liquid; hence, 2. To 
dye; to color. 3. To cause to dive 
into; to immerse. 

Hooluuiii (ho'o-lu'u-I'-li), n. One who 
changes the skins of beasts into 
leather; a tanner. Also called 
hanaili, in modern usage. 

Hooluuiii (ho'o-lu'u-i'-li), v. [Hooluu, 
to immerse, and ili, a skin or 
hide.] To tan hides. 

Hooluuluu (ho'o-lu'u-lu'u), n. 1. A 
basket or trap for catching fish. 
It is baited, weighted with stones, 
and lowered into the water or the 
fisherman dives with it. Called 
nowadays hinai hooluuluu. 2. The 
act of taking or catching fish in a 
basket or trap. 

Hooluuluu (ho'o-lu'u-lu'u), v. [Hoc 
and luuluu, grief, trouble, sorrow.] 
1. To cause sorrow; to oppress; 
to make heavy. 2. To cause to be 
burdened with pain, care, sorrow, 
etc. 3. To fish with a basket for 
the fiah called hinalea; to dive 
and take fish in a basket. 

Hooluupaakal (ho'o-lu'u-pa'a-ka'i), n. 
1. A large square-shaped bag made 
of a species of rush and designed 
to hold salt. 2. A large mat made 
to protect salt from rain. 

Hooma (ho'o-ma'), v. [Hoo and ma, 
to fade; to wilt.] 1. To cause to 
fade; to wilt, as a flower; to per- 
ish. 2. To strike with the hands 
or paddle, as a man on a surf- 
board; to hold a canoe to its. 
proper course in riding the swell 
of the sea. 3. To signal by strik- 
ing with the paddles of a canoe. 

Hoomaa (ho'o-ma'a), v. [Hoo and 
maa, to accustom.] 1. To accus- 
tom; to practice; to exercise by 
practice. 2. To be ready for any 
business by having experience in 
it; to gain skill by practice. 

Hoomaakaaka (ho'o-ma'-a'-ka-a'-ka), 
V. [Hoo, ma, and akaaka, to 
laugh.] 1. To cause laughter; to 
make sport; to play a trick. 2. 
To say that which is not true. 
Syn: Hoakaaka. hoomakeaka. 

Hoomaalea (ho'o-ma'a-le-a), v. [Hoo 
and maalea, cunning.] To act 

wis.ely; to act craftily; to act de- 
ceitfully; to be dexterous. 

Hoomaali (ho'o-ma-a'-li), v. [Incor- 
rect form of hoomoali, hoo and 
moali, slender.] To make the 
trace of a thing, as the wake of 
a ship; to make a faint track of a 
person walking; to make a slight 
road; to appear, as the scar of a 

Hoomaalili (ho'o-ma'a-li'-li), v. [Hoo 
and maalili, cooled.] 1. To cause 
to be cool; to cool; to abate heat 
in any hot substance. 2. To ap- 
pease; to sooth; to quiet; to as- 
suage, heat, anger, grief, pain, etc. 

Hoomaamaa (ho'o-ma'a-ma'a), v. 
[Freq. of hoomaa, to accustom.] 
1. Make familiar by use; to ac- 
cus.tom one to work; to teach one 
to work. 2. To be furnished; to be 
ready for business. 

Hoomaau (ho'o-mii-a'u), n. 1. A 
tempting; a trial of one's con- 
stancy. (Laieik. p. 102.) 2. A 
teasing, tiring, jading, etc. by 
steady repetition. 3. Persecution. 

Hoomaau (ho'o-ma-a'u), v. [Hoo and 
maau, to trouble.] 1. To perse- 
cute; to injure maliciously; to of- 
fend. 2. To hate; to dislike. 

Hoomaauea (ho'o-ma-a'u-e'a), v. [Hoo, 
maau, neglect, and ea, tired.] 1. 
To work lazily; to leave one's 
work unfinished. 2. To act in a 
reluctant or half-hearted manner. 
3. To lack interest or belief in. 

, Syn: Hoomalauea, which see. 

Hoomaawe (ho'o-ma'-a'-we), v. [Hoo 
and maawe, narrow, thin.] To 
make a trace of; to make a foot- 
print, track or path; to mark lines 
indicating a cours.e. 

H 00 m a a wea we ( ho'o-m5,-a'-we-a'-we ) , 
V. [Freq. of hoomaawe.] To make 
very small threads, as in working 

Hoomae (ho'o-ma'e), v. [Hoo and 
mae, to wilt.] 1. To cause to wilt, 
as a leaf; to wither; to dry, as 
a vegetable; to blast; to fade, as 
colored cloth; to hang down, as a 
wilting vegetable. 2. To make 
flexible or pliant by exposing to 

Hoomaeaea (ho'o-ma'-e'-a-e-a), v. 
[Maeaea, to disobey.] To disre- 
gard; to turn a deaf ear to; to 
refuse to listen. Syn: Hoonalulu. 

Hoomaeele (ho'o-ma'-e-e'-le), v. [Hoo 
and maeele, numb.] 1. To be be- 




numbed from mental agitation. 2. 
To pity; to have one's sympathy 
excited: ua hoomaeeleia ka naau o 
ko lakou kaikunane i ke aloha. — 
(Laieik. p. 74.) 

Hoomaeha (ho'o-ma-e'-ha), v. 1. To 
provoke; to exasperate; to cause 
irritation; to render uneasy in 
mind. 2. To hurt. 3. To wound 
the feelings of; to annoy. 

Hoomaemae (ho'o-ma'e-ma'e), v. [Hoo 
and mae, to fade.] 1. To cause to 
wilt, as a leaf; to fade, as the 
colors of cloth. 2. To render 
plant tissues, as lauhala (pandanus 
leaves), etc., pliable and easy to 
handle, usually by exposing the 
fibers to heat. 

Hoomaemae (ho'o-ma'e-ma'e), v. To 

Hoomaewa (ho'o-ma-e'-wa), v. [Hoo 
and maewa, to mock.] To mock; 
to mimic; to reproach; to pro- 

H oomaewaewa (ho'o-ma'-e'-wa-e'-w5,) , 
V. [Freq. of hoomaewa.] To re- 
proach; to s.neer at; to ridicule. 

Hoomaha (ho'o-ma'-ha), v. [Hoo and 
maha, rest.] To cause to rest 
from fatigue or pain; to cease 
from exertion. 

Hoomahaha (ho'o-ma'-ha-ha'), v. 
[Hoo and mahaha, dry, friable.] 

1. To clean off a taro patch; to 
make the soil soft, friable, fit for 
planting. 2. To start the huli or 
taro plants preparatory to setting 
them in their proper form. 

Hoomahala (ho'o-ma'-ha'-la). Same 
as hoomohala, to open, etc. 

Hoomahana (ho'o-ma'-ha'-na), v. [Hoo 
and mahana, warm, also mehana.] 
To cause to be warm; to create 

Hoomahanahana (ho*o-ma-ha'-na-ha'- 
na), n. 1. A tabu observed in the 
dedication of a temple or heiau. 

2. Designation of an interdict or 
tabu placed on first-fruits which 
were offered to the gods or to 
some favorite. 

Hoomahanahana (ho'o-ma'-ha'-na-ha'- 
na), V. [Freq. of hoomahana.] 

Hoomaheha (ho'o-ma'-he'-ha), adv. 
Working slowly and lazily but 

Hoomahie (ho'o-ma'-hl'-e), v. 1. To be 
ahy; to express coyness; to act 
as though unwilling to become fa- 
miliar. 2. To be excellent; to be 
grand; to be noble in appearance. 

2. To be proud; to have a high 
look. See hie, pride, and hoohie. 

Hoomahola (ho'o-ma'-ho'-la), v. [Hoo 
and mahola, to open as a flower.] 
1. To spread out smoothly, as 
clothes or tapa. 2. to open; to 
spread open; to expand, as a 
flower. Also written hoomohala. 

Hoomaholahola (ho'o-ma'-ho'-la-ho'- 
la), V. Freq. of hoomahola. (Ma- 
hola and mohala have the same 

Hoomahu (ho'o-ma'-hu), v. [Hoo 
and mahu, steam; vapor.] 1. To 
create steam; to cause to burst 
forth like steam. 2. To cook or 
soften food by steam. 

Hoomahu (ho'o-ma'-hu), v. To eat 
little in anticipation of a greater 
repast or feast. 

Hoomahua (ho'o-ma'-hu'-a), v. 1. To 
watch; to lie in wait; to act as 
a secretly. 2. To cause fear 
or apprehension of evil to spread 
from unknown origins. 

Hoomahua (ho'o-ma'-hu'-a), v. [Con- 
traction of hoomahuahua, to in- 
crease; to grow in size; to swell 

Hoomahuahua (ho'o-ma'-hu'-a-hu'-a) , 
V. [Hoo and mahuahua, to be in- 
creased.] 1. To make more; to 
cause an increase of; to multiply 
by adding to. 2. To enlarge; to 
cause to grow big. 

Hoomahuakala (ho'o-ma'-hu'-a-ka'-la), 
V. [Hoo and mahuakala, con- 
temptuous.] 1. To treat with con- 
tempt. 2. To express disbelief in. 

3. To mock, insult, sneer at, etc. 
Hoomahui (ho'o-ma-hu'i), v. [Hoo 

and mahul, to follow.] 1. To fol- 
low; to imitate; to listen to one's 
couns.el or advice; to follow the 
example of. 2. To adopt the man- 
ners, actions, habits, etc., of others. 

Hoomahuka (ho'o-ma'-hu'-ka), v. 
[Hoo and mahuka, to run away.] 
1. To counsel or advise one to run 
away; to assist one to leave a 
place or business secretly. 2. To 
hide one's self to avoid work. 

Hoomahuwa (ho'o-ma'-hii-wa'), v. To 
make ominous; to foreshow by 
signs, or omens, as meeting a one- 
eyed person is said to mean bad 

Hoomal (ho'o-ma'i), v. [Hoo and 
mai, sickness.] 1. To cause sick- 
ness. 2. To be weak; to be out 
of health. 2. To feign illness. 




Hoomaihaiha (ho'o-ma'-i'-ha-!'-ha), v. 
[Hoo and maiha, to be energetic] 

1. To draw firmly, as a rope. 2. 
To be intent upon, as the mind; 
to pursue eagerly. To unite all 
the forces of physical and intel- 
lectual energy. 

Hoomaika (ho'o-ma'-i'-ka), v. To be 
s,trong; to be intent upon. 

Hoomaikai (ho'o-ma'i-ka'i), n. 1. 
Thanksgiving. 2. Honor. 3. Favor; 
respect; admiration. 

Hoomaikai (ho'o-ma'i-ka'i), v. [Hoo 
and maikai, handsome, good.] 1. 
To make good ; to correct ; to make 
handsome. 2. To bless: to ascribe 
goodness to one; to make prosper- 
ous. 3. To render thanks; to 
thank. (Thank you, in modern 
common usage, is mahalo.) 

Hoomaikaiia (ho'o-mai-ka'i-Ia), n. 
Honor; outward respect paid to a 

Hoomaikafka (ho'o-ma'-i'-ka-i'-ka), v. 
[Hoo and maika, weary.] To be 
made weary by physical effort. 

Hoomailani (ho'o-ma'i-la'-ni), v. 1. 
To fondle; to treat tenderly. 2. 
To praise; to exalt. 3. To tend, 
as. a child; to take care of; to 

Hoomaimai (ho'o-ma'i-ma'i), v. [Hoo 
and freq. of mai, sickness.] To 
pretend to be sick; ua hoomaimai 
ae la oia, a nolaila, ua hala ia po. 
(Laieik. p. 209.) 

Hoomaino (ho'o-ma'-I'-no), v. [Hoo 
and maino, to injure.] 1. To 
make sad; to treat with severity. 

2. To treat cruelly; to revile; to 

Hoomainoino (ho'o-ma'-i'-nd-I'-no), v. 
[Hoo and mainoino, to suffer af- 
fliction.] 1. To afflict; to treat 
with severity; to slander; to de- 
ride. Syn : Hoomaewaewa. 

Hoomaio (ho'o-ma'-i'o), v. [Hoo and 
maio, a wasting sickness; ma, to 
fade, and io, flesh.] To grow thin 
in flesh; to have little flesh on the 

Hoomaioio (ho'o-ma-i'o-i'o), n. The 
s.hort, acute note of a little bird. 

Hoomaioio (ho'o-ma-i'o-i'o), v. [Hoo 
and ioio, the cry of a young 
chicken.] To peep; to chirp. 

Hoomaioio (ho'o-ma-i'o-i'o), v. [Hoo 
and freq. of maio, to mark or 
scratch.] To mark; to deface; to 
scrape, as in the use of some 
sharp pointed instrument. 

Hoomaka (ho'o-ma'-ka), n. The com- 
ing of a child's first tooth. 

Hoomaka (ho'-o'-ma-ka), n. The 
fresh blade of a plant; the first 
leaf of a tree. Syn: Omaka. 

Hoomaka (ho'o-ma'-ka), v. To be- 
gin; to commence a work; to set 
forth a new thing. 

Hoomakaakiu (ho'o-mn -ka a-ki'-u), v. 
[Hoo and makaakiu, watchful eye.] 

1. To spy out; to act the part of 
a spy; to watch with jealousy. 
(This is rather a phrase than a 
word, to commence to watch). 2. 
To, watch or listen for the 
purpose of reporting. 

Hoomakaaua (ho'o-ma'-k^-a'-ua), v. 
To hang moist sheets of tapa over 
a line or haka so that the edges 
on either side of the line will cor- 
respond, creating a fixed crease 
through the middle of the sheet. 
The word is used by the makers 
of the kuina kapa, tapa blankets. 

Hoomakae (ho'o-ma'-ka-e'), v. [Hoo 
and makae, against.] 1. To look 
at with disdain; to stand aloof 
from; to be at enmity with; to 
look askance or be angry at. 2. 
To reject as, unworthy of respect; 
to treat contemptuously. 

Hoomakai (ho'o-ma'-ka'i), v. [Hoo 
and makai, a guard.] 1. To clothe 
with the authority of a constable; 
to make or commission a police- 
man. 2. To act the part of a po- 

Hoomakaki (ho'o-ma'-ka-ki'), v. To 
design revenge; to meditate mis- 

Hoomakakiu (ho'o-ma'-ka-kl'-u) adj. 
Jealous ; suspicious ; watchful 
through jealousy. (Obsolete.) 

Hoomakakiu (ho'o-ma'-ka-ki'-u), v. 
[Contraction of hoomakaakiu.] To 
watch with a jealous eye; to lie* in 
wait for. 

Hoomakaia (ho'o-ma'-ka'-la), v. [Hoo 
and makala, to loosen.] 1. To 
cause to open a little, as a door. 

2. To untie; to loosen, as in tak- 
ing off a garment. 3. To unravel; 

I to disentangle the threads of. 

j See kala. 

Hoomakamaka (ho'o-ma'-ka-ma'-ka), 
V. [Hoo and makamaka, a friend.] 
1. To be on terms of intimacy; to 
make friends for the sake of pro- 
fit or convenience. 2. To cause to 
be friends; to make friends of 




those who were previously in con- 
troversy; to conciliate. 
Hoomakanahelehele (ho'o-ma'-ka-na'- 
he'-le-he'-le), v. [Hoo and maka- 
nahele, wild, inhabiting a forest.] 

1. To caii&e to appear wild; to be- 
deck or adorn with the wild 
growth of the forest, as vines, 
flowers, etc. 2. To take to life 
in the wood land. 3. To go astray 
in the bush; to get out of the 

Hoomakau (ho'o-ma-ka'u), v. [Hoo 
and makau, fear.] To cause one 
to fear; to make afraid; to 

Hoomakauaua (ho'o-ma'-ka'u-au'-a), v. 
To hang up to dry. 

Hoomakau kau (ho'o-ma'-ka'u-ka'u), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of makau.] 1. To 
make afraid; to try to scare: e 
lilo ana oe i mea e hoomakaukau 
ia ai ma na alanui, thou shalt 
become an example causing fear 
by the road sides. — Laieik. p. 212. 

Hoomakaukau (ho'o-ma'-ka'u-ka'u), v. 
[Hoo and makaukau, ready; pre- 
pared.] To make ready; to pre- 
pare; to get in readiness for busi- 
ness or for a coming event. 

Hoomakaulii (ho'o-ma'-ka'u-li'i), adj. 
Watchful; careful; provident. 

Hoomakaulii (ho'o-ma-ka'u-li'i), n. 1. 
One who feigns friendship and 
eats with one while he watches 
his opportunity to injure him; one 
acting with cunning and duplicity. 

2. Strong desire for and corre- 
sponding effort to obtain a thing. 
Applied to those who take proper 
care of their resources. 

Hoomakaulii (ho'o-ma-ka'u-li'i), v. 1. 
To be thoroughgoing; to perse- 
vere; to hold out; to have a strong 
desire for a thing: e hoomana- 
wanui a loaa mai; he kanaka 
hoomakaulii haku, a nolaila e ma- 
lama pono i ka waiwai; he hoo- 
makaulii ma ka manao i ke Akua. 
2. To be thrifty. 3. To serve a 
chief in order to obtain favors; to 
follow; to adhere to for gain; 
I lako o ua kanaka la, o kana 
hoomakaulii ana. That man's 
obedience to the chief is from 
the favors (lako) he expects; 
Ua hoomakaulii anei kakou e ma 
lama ia ai? Have we been obe- 
dient in order to be taken care 
of? Eia ka manao iloko o ua 
kanaka la, o kana hoomakaulii 

ana, o loaa mai ka aina. He ka- 
naka huhu wale, he poe hooma- 
kaulii aina. 

Hoomake (ho'o-ma'-ke), v. [Hoo and 
make, death.] 1. To cause death; 
to kill: Olelo ke kahuna o Kame- 
hameha e hoomake oe i ka wa- 
hineaolua, oia o Kahoukapu hoole 
o Kamehameha alalia olelo ke ka- 
huna, minamina ae la i ka wa- 
hineaolua a e aea ana kou akua 
mai ou aku; a e hele ana ia a 
kukulu o kahiki a hoi hou mai me 
ka lehelehe namu a me ka olelo 
a ka malihini. 2. To put in a 
state of privation; to cause thin- 
ness of flesh. 3. To submerge; 
plunge. Mai hoopae oe (i ka aina), 
e hoomake oe i kou nalu, go not 
ashore, plunge under your surf. 
4. To pretend to be dead. 

Hoomakeaka (ho'o-ma'-ke'-a'-ka), adj. 
Exciting laughter; witty; he olelo 

Hoomakeaka (ho'o-ma'-ke'-a'-ka), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of aka, to laugh.] 
To excite laughter; to exercise 

Hoomakee (ho'o-ma-ke'e), v. [Hoo 
and makee, eager to obtain.] 1. 
To long after; to wish eagerly. 2. 
To wish to possess; to be greedy 
after; to scrape together; to lus.t 
after property. 

Hoomakehewa (ho'o-ma'-ke-he'-wa), v. 
[Hoo and makehewa, in vain.] 1. 
To cause to be in vain, to no pur- 
pose; to make worthless. 2. To do 
a thing in vain. 

Hoomakemake (ho'o-ma'-ke-ma'-ke), 
V. [Hoo and makemake, to de- 
sire.] 1. To cause to desire; to 
wish for. 2. To cause a longing 

Hoomakena (ho'o-ma'-ke'-na), v. 
[Hoo and makena, mourning.] To 
cause mourning; to cause sorrow; 
to cause grief. 

Hoomakiu (ho'o-ma'-ki-u), v. [Hoo 
and kiu, to spy,] To watch se- 
cretly for the purpose of gaining 

Hoomakoa (ho'o-ma'-ko'a), v. [Ma- 
koa, to go forward fearlessly.] To 
walk, talk or act bravely; to act 
as an officer among soldiers; e 
hookoa, e hookalali. 

Hoomakoi (ho'o-ma'-ko'i), v. [Hoo 
and makoi, hard, s.evere.] To be 
hard; to be stingy; to be close; to 
be regardless of others. 




Hoomakole (ho'o-ma'-ko'-le), v. [Hoo 
and makole or kole, red, as raw 
flesh.] 1. To make raw, as flesh; 
to be red, as inflamed eyes. The 
word is also used in humorous 
raillery, as ua halawai oe me ka 
makole, equivalent to paoa oe, not 

Hoomakoli (ho'o-ma'-ko'-li), v. [Hoo 
and makoli, short, scanty.] To cut 
short; to make small; to render 

Hoomakomako (ho'o-ma'-k6-ma'-ko), 
adj. Descriptive of large over- 
shadowing clouds: he ao hoomako- 
mako, a cloud that causes shadow 
or shade. 

Hoomakomako (ho'o-ma'-k6-ma'-ko), 
V. [Hoo and makomako, to be 
large.] 1. To enlarge; to make 
wider; to increase the size of. 

Hoomakou (ho'o-ma'-ko'u), v. [Hoo 
and makou, to be red, as the eyea. 
From makou, a perennial with a 
red tuberous root like radish, used 
as a medicine in some diseases of 
children.] 1. To make red; to be 
blood-shot, as the eyes from being 
long in salt water. 2. To blush; to 
turn red. 

Hoomaku (ho'o-ma'-ku'), v. [Hoo 
and maku, sediment.] To cause 
sediment; to separate the leea 
from the pure liquor; to cause the 
refuse contained in a liquid to 

Hoomakua (ho'o-ma-ku'-a), v. [Hoo 
and makua, parent.] 1. To cause 
to be a parent or guardian. 2. To 
adopt, as a parent adopts a child. 
3. To act the part of a makua 
or parent; to foster. 4. To grow 
large; to approach manhood or 
womanhood in stature. 5. To be- 
come established. 

Hoomakue (ho'o-ma-ku'-e), n. An 
angry look; a frown; a stirring up 
of displeasure. 

Hoomakue (ho'o-ma-ku'-e), v. [Hoo 
and makue, to frown.] 1. To ex- 
press displeaaure by a look; to 
frown upon. 2. To produce a pur- 
ple or dark color. See kue and 

Hoomakuekue (ho'o-ma-ku'-e-ku'-e), v. 
[Freq. of hoomakue.] 1. To con- 
tract the brow in displeasure; to 
scowl. 2. To rebuke with looks. 

Hoomakumaku (ho'o-ma'-kG-ma'-ku), 
v. [Hoo and freq. of maku, full 
grown,] 1. To increase; to en- 

large; to grow fat; to be heavy, as 
a fat person or animal. 2. To make 
fleshy or fat. See also hoomaku. 

Hoomaiae (ho'o-ma-la'e), v. [Hoo 
and malae, to be calm.] 1. To put 
on a pleasant countenance; to as- 
sume the appearance of friendship 
when the heart is disaffected; to 
hide an evil desjgn by assuming 
pleasantry. 2. To calm; to make 
quiet; to appease. 

Hoomalaea (ho'o-ma-la-e'a), v. 1. To 
be calm; to be quiet; to settle 
down in quietness; applied to the 
presence of one who was re- 
proached when absent. 2. To ap- 
pear friendly while in the presence 
of, but virulent when absent; to 
be two-faced. 

Hoomalaelae (ho'o-ma'-la'e-la'e), v. 
[Hoo and laelae, clear, as the sky.] 
To enlighten; to make clear and 
pleasant; to calm; to let in the 
light; to cause light to shine in 
the gloom; to make clear in mind. 

Hoomalailena (ho'o-ma-la'i-le'-na), v. 
[Hoo and malailena, bitterness.] 
To make bitter; to embitter. 

Hoomalamalama (ho'o-ma-la'-ma-la'- 
ma), V. [Hoo and malamalama, 
light.] To cause light. To en- 
lighten; to ahine upon. 

Hoomaiana (ho'o-ma-la'-na), v. [Hoo 
and malana, to lighten.] 1. To 
make less heavy; to make buoy- 
ant. 2. To lift lightly; to attempt 
to raise from a lower level. 

Hoomalanalana (ho'o-ma'-la'-na-la'- 
na), V. [Freq. of hoomaiana.] To 
make very light or buoyant. 

Hoomalao (ho'o-ma-la'o), v. To act 
the idler; to be a vagabond; to go 
about from place to place doing 

Hoomalau (ho'o-ma-la'u), v. [Hoo 
and malau, to reject good advice.] 
1. To be unbelieving; to be un- 
godly; to be irreverent toward 
sacred things. 2. To profess dis- 
belief; to be distrustful of. 

Hoomalauea (ho'o-ma'-la'u-e'a), v. 
To cause to be lazy; to be indo- 
lent. 2. To give one's self up to 
a condition of general uselessness. 

Hoomalea (ho'o-ma'-le'a), v. Same 
a?, hoomaalea, to act wisely or 

Hoomalle (ho'o-ma'-li'-e), v. [Hoo 
and malie, calm; quiet.] 1. To 
hush, as a tumult; to clear off, as 




the sky after a storm. 2. To 
cause to be undisturbed. 

Hoomalielie (ho'o-ma-li'-e-ir-e), v. 
[Hoo and intensive of malie, to be 
quiet.] 1. To cause stillness. 
2. To appease, as a ruffled mind; 
to soothe; to calm; to allay anger 
or agitation of any kind; to as- 
suage hostility. 

Hoomalihini (ho'o-ma'-li-h!'-ni), v. 
[Hoo and malihini, a s.tranger.] 
1. To make one's self a stranger; 
to become a stranger; to be for- 
eign to one. 2. To imitate a 

Hoomaliko (ho'o-ma-H'-ko), v. 1. To 
discredit; to refuse belief to. 2. To 
refuse respect. 

Hoomalimali (ho'o-ma'-li-ma'-li), v. 
[Hoo and malimali, to flatter,] 
1. To flatter. 2. To attempt to 
secure one's favor by flattery. 

Hoomalohilohi (ho'o-ma'-lo'-hi-lo'-hi), 
V, [Hoo and malohilohi, weary, 
slow.] To be slow in moving; to 
be dilatory. 

Hoomaloka (ho'o-ma-lo'-ka), n. 1. A 
doubter; an unbeliever. 2. Un- 
belief in a chief's word. 3. Dis- 

Hoomaloka (ho'o-ma-lo'-ka), v. [Hoo 
and maloka, disregard of com- 
mands, to be sluggis.h; to be stu- 
pid.] 1. To be dull; to be stupid in 
mind. 2, To disregard any im- 
portant truth; to be unbelieving. 

Hoomalolo (ho'o-ma-16'-lo), n. Dis- 
tinctive title of a day when all la- 
bor stops; the day on which sacri- 
fice is offered; the name of the 
day before the la kapu; hence, un- 
der the Christian system, the la 
hoomalolo is Saturday, the day be- 
fore the Sabbath. 

Hoomalolo (ho'o-ma-16'-lo), v. [Hoo 
and malolo, to rest.] 1. To call a 
day of rest; to cease work: Hoo- 
malolo mai la ka makou hana o 
keia la, Our work is off for today 
or we are off work today. 2. To 
ebb and flow much more than 
usual, applied to the ocean. 

Hoomaloo (ho'o-ma-lo*o), v. [Hoo and 
maloo, parched; dry.] To caus.e to 
dry up, as water; to wither, as a 
tree or flower; to make anything 

Hoomalu (ho'o-ma'-lu), adj. Making 
or causing peace between differ- 
ing parties; mohai hoomalu, a 

Hoomalu (ho'o-ma'-lu), v. [Hoo and 
malu, a shade, peace, etc.] 1, To 
rule over, especially in a peaceful 
way; to govern quietly; to make 
peace. 2. To bring under the care 
or protection of. 3. To seize and 
appropriate by process of law. 

Hoomalule (ho'o-ma-lu'-le), v. [Hoo 
and malule, weak, limber.] 1. To 
make weak; to weaken; to enfee- 
ble. 2. To change from one form 
to another; to metamorphose, as a 
caterpillar into a butterfly. 

Hoomalumalu (ho'o-ma'-lu-ma'-lu), 
adj. Overshadowing; shading, as 
clouds that run low; he ao hoo- 

Hoomalumalu (ho'o-ma'-lu-ma'-lu), v. 
[Hoo and malumalu, shady.] 1. To 
overshadow; to cause a malumalu 
or s.hade. 2. To obscure; to cover 
over; to darken. 

Hoomana (ho'o-ma'-na), n. The act 
of worship. 

Hoomana (ho'o-ma'-na), v. [Hoo and 
mana, authority, power.] 1. To 
ascribe divine honors; to worship; 
to cause one to have regal author- 
ity. 2. To authorize; to confer 
authority on; to empower. 

Hoomanaka (ho'o-ma'-na-ka'), n. [Hoo 
and manaka, lazy, indifferent.] 
1. Laziness; indifference, discour- 
agement; faint-heartedness; e hana 
no me ka hooikaika, aole me ka 
hoomanaka. 2. Discouragement as 
a result of censure; loss of pa- 
tience through nagging. (A mod- 
ern meaning.) 

Hoomanaka (ho'o-ma'-na-ka'), v. [Hoo 
and manaka, laziness.] 1. To 
make lazy or faint-hearted; to dis.- 
courage; to weaken. Opposite of 
hooikaika. 2. To vex by finding 
fault; to make weary by nagging. 

Hoomanakii (ho'o-ma'-na-ki'i), adj. 

Hoomanakii (ho'o-ma'-na-ki'i), n. 

1. The practice of worshiping 
idols; idolatry; called figuratively 
in Scripture, whoredom. 2. Also 
vanity; a vain service; whore- 
dom. 3. A worshiper of idols. 

Hoomanakii (ho'o-ma'-na-ki'i), v. 
[Hoomana, worship, and kii, an 
idol.] To worship idols; to wor- 
ship any god except Jehovah. 

Hoomanalo (ho'o-ma'-na'-lo), v. 
[Hoo and manalo, diluted.] 1. To 
make insipid; to make tasteless. 

2. To cause a change in the taste 




of anything. 3. To purify; to j 
aweeten anything from salt or any t 
unpleasant taste or smell. 

Hoomanao (ho'o-ma'-na'o), v. [Hoo 
and manao, to think.] Literally to 
cause a thought. To turn the mind I 
upon; to call to mind; to cause to 
consider; to remember. 

Hoomanaonao (ho'o-ma'-na'o-na'o), n. 
A bitter reflection on the past; 
sorrow for the past. 

Hoomanaonao (ho'o-ma'-na'o-na'o), v. 
[Hoo and nnanaonao, to lament.] 
1. To call up the past with sor- 
row; to think or reflect on the 
past. 2. To be affected by hear- 
ing of or by the sight of some 
great misfortune, as of shipwreck, 
or des.truction by fire, etc. _ 

Hoomanawalea (ho'o-ma'-na'-wa-le'a), 
V. [Hoo and manawalea, alms.] 

1. To appease by a gift. 2. To 
give alms; to relieve the dis- 
tressed. 3. To cause one to give 
or to contribute. 

Hoomanawanui (ho'o-ma'-na'-wa'- 

nu'-i), n. 1. The being patient; 
patience. 2. Endurance. 

Hoomanawanui (ho'o-ma'-na'-wa'- 

nu'-i), V. To be patient; to be 

Hoomanea (ho'o-ma-ne'-a), v. [Hoo 
and manea, callous.] 1. To ren- 
der callous; to harden; he mea ia 
na ke kalaimoku e hoomanea i 
kanaka i haalele ole i ke alii. 

2. To cause to be inured; to be 
trained; to be habituated. 

Hoomaneoneo (ho'o-ma'-ne'o-ne'o), v. 
[Hoo and maneo, to itch.] 1. To 
scratch to relieve itching. 2. To 
cause a ticklish aensation by 
slight touches; to tickle. 

Hoomano (ho'o-ma-no'), v. [Hoo 
and mano, a shark.] 1. To act 
the shark; to be greedy; not to 
invite the onlooker to partake. 
2. To swallow ravenously as a 
shark: Aohe no kau he ai, he ai 
a mano. 

Hoomaoa (ho'o-ma'-o'-a), v. [Hoo and 
maoa, sore caused by friction of 
the malo or pau over the hip.] To 
have lameness in the hip joint; to 
be weak in the muscles of the 

Hoomaoe (ho'o-ma'-o'e), v. [Hoo and 
maoe, bold.] 1. To speak or ask 
for a thing; to give a hint of one's 
desire. 2. To hint; to suggest; to 

make an indirect allusion for the 
purpose of gaining something. 

Hoomaoi (ho'o-ma'-o'i), v. [Hoo and 
maoi, bold, forward.] To be im- 
pertinent, as in asking a favor in 
an unbecoming, indecorous man- 

Hoomaomao (ho'o-ma'o-ma'o), v. 
[Hoo and maomao, green in color.] 

1. To cause to be colored green; 
to make a green color. 2. To 
darken; to make a blue color. See 

Hoomaona (ho'o-ma'-o'-na), v. [Hoo 
and maona, full, satisfied.] To 
cause to be satisfied. To feed to 
satiety; to fill with food; to be 
satisfied with eating; to load. 

Hoomau (ho'o-ma'u), adj. 1. With- 
out break; continuously; without 
interruption. 2. Unappeasable; 
not to be reconciled. 

Hoomau (ho'o-ma'u), v. [Hoo and 
mau, to repeat.] 1. To be con- 
stant. 2. To cause to be immov- 
able; to perpetuate; to make fast, 
as an anchor in sand or rocks; to 
keep perpetually in action. 3. To 
persevere; to go forward; hoo- 
mau aku la laua i ka hele. — 
Laieik. p. 101. 4. To continue; 
to prolong; to be repeated. 

Hoomau (ho'o-ma-u'), v. [Hoo and 
mau, wet, moist.] 1. To moisten; 
to supply with water; to irrigate. 

2. To add water to anything; to 
dampen. 3. To make cool or re- 

Hoomauae (ho'o-ma'u-a'e), v. To 
intermeddle; to interfere in the 
concerns of others; to interpose; 
to intrude. 

Hoomauakala (ho'o-ma'u-a-ka'-la), v. 
[Hoo and mauakala, to scorn.] 
1. To hold in extreme contempt; 
to disdain; to despise. 2. To be 
lazy; to spend the day; to be indo- 
lent; to go about doing nothing. 

3. To accuse falsely; to laugh 
with scorn. 

Hoomauhala (ho'o-ma'u-ha'-la) , n. An 
old grudge; cherished revenge. 
(Laieik. p. 69.) 

Hoomauhala (ho'o-ma'u-ha'-la), v. 
[Hoomau, to perpetuate, and hala, 
offense.] To keep long enmity 
against one; to retain long the 
memory of an offense; to seek 
revenge long after an offense. 

Hoomaui (ho'o-ma-u'-I'), v. 1. To 
ripen fruit, as bananas or papaias, 




by burying underground. 2. [Maui, 
to break or sprain.] To use an in- 
jured limb of the body. 

Hoomauia (ho'o-ma'u-I'a), v. [Hoo- 
mau, to continue, and ia, sign of 
passive.] Continual; perpetual. 
Proceeding without interruption; 
lasting, O ka poi ka ai hoomauia. 

Hoomauiui (ho'o-ma-u'i-u'i), v. To 
become sore again; to recur, as 
the trouble in a previous sprain or 
break of a bone. 

Hoomauleho (ho'o-ma'u-le'-ho), v. 
[Hoomau, to continue, and leho, a 
callous bunch.] Literally, to 
cause the callous bunches to con- 
tinue. To cause one to work 
hard; to oppress; to make one 
work all day and every day. 

Hoomauna (ho'o-ma'-u'-na), v. [Hoo 
and mauna, to waste.] To waste; 
to dispose of uselessly; i mauna 
aku ai i ka pono kahiko. 

Hoomaunauna (ho'o-ma'-u-na'-u-na), 
n. Waste; useless destruction of 

Hoomaunauna (ho'o-ma-u'-na-u'-na) , 
V. [Hoo and maunauna, to waste.] 
To waste, as property; to spend 
uselessly; to consume; to destroy 
without regard to expense. 

Hoomawae (ho'o-ma'-wa'e), v. [Hoo 
and mawae, a crevice.] 1. To 
make or cause a cleft or crevice; 
to split or cleave. 2. To put in a 
crevice; to hide or s.ecrete. 

Hoomawaena (ho'o-ma-wa'e-na), v. 
To be lost or hidden in the midst 
of a company of people or things; 
a i ka au hou ana o ka mea i 
komo i ka pua, hoomawaena iaoia. 
2. To be lost in a crowd. 

Hoomawale (ho'o-ma'-wa'-le), v. [Hoo 
and ma, to wilt, and wale, only.] 
To be destroyed or perish quickly. 

Hoomea (ho'o-me'-a), v. [Hoo and 
mea, thing.] 1. Literally to 
"thing" or cause to thing; to 
cause or do something. 2. To 
cause or do anything not specifi- 
cally designated. (The phrase sug- 
gests an ellipsis.) Hoomea wale 
iho no kela, he only trifles, or he 
only deceives. 

Hoomeha (ho'o-me'-ha), adj. 1. Hush, 
quiet, preparatory to observing a 
tabu. 2. Preparing for the tabu. 
Syn Hoomalolo. 

Hoomeha (ho'o-me'-ha), v. [Hoo and 
meha, quiet.] 1. To cause quiet; 
to hush. 2. To stay at home from 

work; to cease from work. For- 
merly applied to a la kapu or holy 
day but now referring to a la hoo- 
malolo, the day before the Sab- 
bath, that is, Saturday. 3. To be 

Hoomele (ho*o-me'-le), v. [Hoo and 
mele, a song.] To cause or make 
a song; to sing a mele; to be joy- 
ous; to rejoice. 

Hoomeneme'ne (ho'o-me'-ne-me'-ne), v. 
[Hoo and menemene, grievous; 
hard to bear.] 1. To be grieved. 
2. To have compassion; to pity; 
to cause tender treatment of. 

Hoomiho (ho'o-mi'-ho), n. Incorrect 
form of hooniho, a stone wall, etc. 

Hoomoa (ho'o-mo'a), v. [Hoo and 
moa, cooked.] To cause to be 
cooked; to be thoroughly baked. 

Hoomoae (ho'o-mo'-a'e), v. [Hoo and 
moae, a furrow, a cleft.] 1. To 
cause a cleft; to cut a furrow in. 
2. To split; to divide lengthwise; 
to rend asunder. 

Hoomoakaka (ho'o-mo'-a-ka'-ka), v. 
[Hoo and moakaka, clear to the 
mind.] To cause to be very plain 
to the mind; to make one under- 
stand what may be intricate; to 
explain. Syn: Hoakaka. 

Hoomoalaala (ho'o-mo'-a'-la-a'-la), v. 
[Hoo and moalaala, or maaloalo, 
to go this way and that without 
certain direction.] 1. To run 
around; to be active as if engaged 
in important business. 2. To be 
busy about; to go from house to 
hou&e. 3. To be forward; to be 

Hoomoali (ho'o-mo-a'-li), v. To make 
a narrow track or line showing a 

Hoomoamoa (ho'o-mo'-a-mo'-a), v. 
[Hoo and moa, a cock.] To go in 
company with, as a cock goes with 
hens to protect or warn in case of 
danger; to be intimate with; e 

Hoomoana (ho*o-mo'-a'-na), n. A 
camping place; a collection of per- 
sons assembled for rest or camp- 
ing; a camp. 

Hoomoana (ho'o-mo-a'-na), v. [Hoo 
and moana, a lying down.] 1. To 
spread down mats for staying ovei* 
night; hence, 2. To encamp, as 
travelers; to encamp, as soldiers. 

Hoomoe (ho'omo'-e), v. [Hoo and 
moe, to lie down.] 1. To lie down; 
to prostrate in adoration. 2. To 




apeak of one's sleeping with anoth- 
er, that is, of marrying. (Laieik. 
p. 66.) 3. To lie down to rest; to 
rest by lying down. 4. To post- 
pone; to continue, referring to 
Hoomoemoe (ho'o-mo'-e-mo'-e), v. 

1. To cause to lie down. 2. To 
hush or put to sleep. 3. To entice 
to an unlawful sexual association. 

Hoomohala (ho'o-mo-ha'-la), v. [Hoo 
and mohala, opened.] 1. To open; 
to unfold or blossom, as a flower. 

2. To spread, as a tapa or sheet. 

3. To, have hope, as one disap- 
pointed; ua hoomohala ia kona 
naau kanalua. (Laieik. p. 93.) 

4. To unfold, as. one's inward de- 
sire. 5. To rage, as lust. Laieik. 
p. 196.) 

Hoomohalu (ho'o-mo-ha'-lu), v. [Hoo 
and mohalu, to relax.] 1. To 
cause to be at ease; to give relax- 
ation. 2. To cause to become 
loose; to slacken; to ease; to di- 
vert; to unbend. 

Hoomohaluhalu (ho'o-mo-ha'-lu-ha'- 
lu), V. [Freq. of hoomohalu.] To 
be flexible; to be easily bent. 

Hoomohola (ho'o-mo-ho'-la), v. [Hoo 
and mohola or hohola, to unfold 
and spread.] To spread out wide- 
ly; to unfold, as the growing of a 

Hoomohole (ho'o-mo-ho'-le), v. [Hoo 
and mohole, to peel.] 1. To cause 
to peel; to strip the skin from an 
animal; to peel the bark from a 
tree. 2. To cause a falling off. 
Syn: Uhole. 

Hoomoko (ho*o-mo'-ko), v. 1. To 
fill a newly made taro patch with 
water. 2. To flood or fill with 
water for the purpose of examina- 
tion or testing, as a fresh cala- 
bash, etc. 

Hoomoku (ho'o-mo'-ku), n. 1. A cut- 
ting or a dividing, 2. A portion; 
a part separated from the original 

Hoomoku (ho'o-mo'-ku), v. 1. To 
cause a division; to cut and di- 
vide, as a land. 2. To cut off or 
separate; to disunite. 

Hoomole (ho*o-mo'-le), v. [Hoo and 
mole, to linger.] 1. To cause to 
linger; to be slow; to be behind. 
2. To hesitate; to be slow; to be 
unwilling, backward, etc. 

Hoomolowa (ho'o-mo'-16-wa'), adj. 

Hoomolowa (ho'o-m5-lo-wa'), v. [Hoo 
and molowa, inactive.] 1. To be 
indifferent about a thing; to be 
indisposed to do a thing, especially 
to work; hence, 2. To be lazy; 
to be idle. 3. To assume an air 
of unconcern; to feign indifference. 

Hoomomole (ho'o-mo'-mo'-le), v. 1. 
Same as hoomole, to hesitate. 
Hoomomole is used for the sake 
I of euphony. 

I Hoomomole (ho'o-mo'-mo'-le), v. 
I [Intensive of hoomole, to be slow.] 

Hoomoo (ho'o-mo'o), v. To continue; 
to follow up; to follow a course of 
procedure to completion. 

HoomoukiukI (ho'o-mo'-u'-ki-u'-ki), v. 
[Hoo and ukiuki or moukluki, bad 
smelling.] 1. To cause an offen- 
sive smell; to reek with offensive 
smells, like an old and dirty ship, 
or like the breath of a tobacco 
smoker. 2. To be warm or stifled 
for want of pure air. 

Hoomu (ho'o-mu'), v. [Hoo and mu, 
to be silent. Contraction of hoo- 
mumule, to be mum.] 1. To sit 
ailent; to be speechless. 2. To 
make no reply; to refuse to 

Hoomue (ho'o-mu'e), v. [Hoo and 
mue, insipid.] 1. To be bad tast- 
ing to the palate; to be offensive 
to the taste. 2. To make insipid; 
to make brackish. 

Hoomuemue (ho'o-mu'e-mu'e), v. 
[Freq. of hoomue.] 

Hoomuhu (ho'o-mu'-hu), v. [Hoo and 
muhu or mumuhu, a number of 
like things assembled in bulk.] 
1. To swarm, said of insects when 
assembled in a mass; to be crowd- 
ed as a multitude of beings in mo- 
tion. 2. To make a low humming 
sound, as of insects when forming 
a swarm, said also of the sound 
I caused by a multitude of beings 
j in motion. 

Hoomuimui (ho'o-mu'i-mu'-i), v. To 
assemble, to cause to assemble; to 
j bring together. 

Hoomuka (ho'o-mu-ka'), v. [Hoo and 
muka, a quick, sharp noise, as of 
the lips when tasting food or 
I liquor.] To smack; to express rel- 
ish for food by a smack. 

Hoomukamuka (ho'o-mu'-ka-mu-ka'), 

v. To test food by tasting. 
I Hoomumu (ho'o-mu'mu'), v. [Hoo 
and mu or mumu, to hold in the 
I mouth.] 1. To hold in the mouth 




without swallowing. 2. To hold 
the mouth silent from speaking. 
3. To utter inarticulately. 4. To 
bite gently; to chew with closed 
lips, as one without teeth. 

Hoomumuhu (ho'o-mu-mu'-hu), v. 
[Hoo and muhu or mumuhu, to 
hum.] 1. To collect; to a&semble 
together, as men; to gather to- 
gether, as other things. 2. To 
make a low, indistinct noise; to 
sound like an indistinct low hum. 
Syn: Hoomumulu. 

Hoomumuku (ho'o-mu'-mu'-ku), v. 
[Hoo and muku or mumuku, short.] 
1. To cut short; to cut off a piece 
of; to make shorter. 2. To quit 
a piece of work before completion; 
to cause a quitting of. 

Hoomumule (ho'o-mu'-mu'-le), v. See 
mumule, silent. 1. To cause one's 
self to quit talking; to be mute; to 
be silent. 2. To be unbalanced 
mentally; to show the first symp- 
toms of insanity; to be out of 
one's mind. 

Hoomumulu (ho'o-mu'-mu'-lu), v. To 
collect together in great numbers; 
to be thick, as swarms of flies. 
Syn: Hoomumuhu. 

Hoomuu (ho'o-mu'u), v. [Hoo and 
muu, collected.] To cause a col- 
lection; to heap together; to col- 
lect into a mass. 

Hoona (ho*o-na'), v. [Hoo and na, 
pacified.] 1. To cause ease; to 
give quiet from pain; to appease; 
to comfort. 2. To settle; hoona 
kuleana, to settle a claim. 

Hoonaaikola (ho'o-na'-ai'-ko'-la), n. 
Contempt; disdain; scorn. 

Hoonaaikola (ho'o-na'-ai'-ko'la), v. 
[Hoona, from na, pacified, and 
aikola, an expression of triumph.] 
To express satisfaction at the 
overthrow of; to declaim contempt 
for a defeated opponent. 

Hoonae (ho'o-na'e), v. [Hoo and 
nae, to breathe hard.] To cause 
to breathe hard; to puff like one 
traveling fast up hill; to be short 
of breath from fatigue. 

Hoonaele (ho'o-na'-e'-le), v. [Hoo 
and naele, swampy.] 1. To be 
swampy; to be soggy; springy, etc., 
as a marsh covered with thick 
vegetable growth. 2. To cause to 
sag by press.ure under weight. 
'i. To open or enlarge, as a hole 
or cleft. 

Hoonaenae (ho'o-na'e-na'e), v. [Freq. 
form of hoonae, to be short of 

Hoonaha (ho*o-na-ha'), v. See naha, 
broken. To cause a breaking; to 
cause to be shattered. 2. To 
cause a cleansing of the bowels by 
a purgative. 

Hoonahenahe (ho'o-na'-he-na'-he), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of nahe, soft.] 
1. To be soft, as. a low subdued 
tone or utterance. 2. To speak 
with low subdued voice; to sing or 
oli in a low. soft tone. 3. To be 
low; to be flat; to be thin; to be 

Hoonahili (ho'o-na-hi'-li), v. [Hoo 
and nahlll, lost, unable to find the 
way.] 1. To cause to be per- 
plexed; to misdirect; to cause to 
go the wrong way. 2. To make 
confused or bewildered. 3. To 
lengthen out the time of; to pro- 

Hoonahoa (ho'o-na-ho'-a), v. [Hoo 
and nahoa, strong; bold.] 1. To 
be hard; to be strong; to be bold, 
as a soldier. 2. To turn a deaf 
ear; to refuse to listen. Same as 
hoonehoa. 3. To make bold, as to 
do some valiant act; be valiant; 
to show no fear. 

Hoonahonaho (ho'o-na'-ho-na'-ho). v. 
[Hoo and nahonaho, deep, dark.] 
1. To be deep set, as the eyes 
from famine or illness. 2. To be 
so deep that nothing can be seen, 
as a deep pit. 

Hoonahu (ho'o-na'-hu), v. [Hoo and 
nahu, to bite.] 1. To cause to 
bite. Used in the imperative to 
incite to attack with the teeth. 

Hoonahunahu (ho'o-na'-hu-na'-hu), v. 
[Hoo and nahunahu, griping pains.] 

1. To cause pains in the bowels 
or to have such pains. 2. To be 
in labor pains. 3. To be seized 
by sudden pinching pains. 

Hoonaiki (ho'o-na-i'-ki'), v. Also 
spelt hoonaike. 1. To persecute. 

2. To ridicule; to make a laugh- 
ing stock of. 

Hoonaikola (ho'o-na-I'-ko-la). Same 
as hoonaiki. 

Hoonainai (ho'o-na'i-na'i), v. [Hoo 
and nainai, to shorten.] 1. To 
make shorter; to abbreviate. 2. To 
sob; to breathe hard. Syn: Hoo- 

Hoonakele (ho'o-na-ke'-le), v. [Hoo 
and nakele, soft; slippery.] To 


185 HOO 

make boggy, as land; to be soft 
and shaky, as a miry place, cov- 
ered with vegetable growth, 
Hoonakoa (ho'o-na-ko'a), v. [Hoo Hoonalulu (ho'o-na'-lu'-lu), v. 1. To 

mind or in the belly, which 
was considered by the ancient 
Hawaiians the seat of thought. 

and koa, a soldier.] To be bold; 

to be brave; to act the soldier; to 

be fearless; to be daring. See 

Hoonakolo (ho'o-na-ko'-lo), v. [Hoo 

and kolo, to crawl, or nakolo, to 

flow.] 1. To run along; to spread, 

as liquid on a surface. 2, To 

caus.e a rolling sound, as distant 

Hoonakui (ho'o-naku'i), v. [Hoo and | Hoonana (ho'o-na-na'), adj 

kui, to sound abroad.] To make 

rumbling noise; to rumble. 
Hoonakui (ho'o-na'-ku'i), v. [Hoo 

and nakui, joyful, cheerful.] To 

court friendship by exhibiting a 

happy disposition; to seek inti- 
macy with by showing good spirits. 
Hoonakulu (ho'o-na-ku'-lu), v. [Hoo 

and nakulu, a succession of vague 

turn a deaf ear; to refuse to lis- 
ten; to disregard. Syn: Hoo- 
maeaea. 2. To cause vexation; to 
cause headache by continued dis- 
obedience or disregard. 

Hoonamunamu (ho*o-na'-mu-na'-mu), 
V. [Hoo and freq. of namu, to 
speak rapidly.] 1. To speak un- 
intelligibly. 2. To grumble; to 
complain in sullen undertones. 

hoonanaa, to enrage.] Angry; 
cross; reluctant: Hoonana hoi oe; 
You are cross. 

Hoonana (ho'o-na'-na'), v. [Hoo and 
na, quiet, or nana, to hush; to be 
quieted, as a child.] To calm; to 
quiet, as a child; to hush up a dif- 
ficulty; to ease a pain; to com- 
fort; to console. 

noises, as heavy drops of rain.] Hoonanaa (ho o-na -na a), v. To en- 
1. To cause disturbance through! ^^ge; to challenge to a contest 
a series of rattling noises, as the with no mtention to fight; to pro- 
falling of heavy drops of rain or voke to anger and run away when 
the rolling noise of thunder. 2. anger flames. 

To create intense mental emotion "oonanaau (ho'o-na'-na-a u), v. [Hoo 
from any specific source. (Laieik. | ^nd nana, or lana, to float, and 

p. 118.) 
Hoonakulukulu (ho'o-na-ku'-lii-ku'-lu), 

[Hoo, na, and kulu, to drop.] To 

drop down, as rain; to drip from 

the clouds, as rain: E hoonakulu- 
kulu oukou, e na lani, mai luna 

mai, Drop down, ye heavens, from 

Hoonalo (ho'o-na'-lo), v. [Hoo and 

nalo, lost, out of sight.] 1. To 

cause to disappear; to make as if 

lost; to hide one's self. 2. To blot j Hoonanaho (ho'o-na-na'-ho) 

out; to obliterate; to cancel. 3. 

To cause to be lost; to vanish; to 

cause to be out of sight; nalo 

wale, to be forgotten. 
Hoonaionalo (ho'o-na'-16-na'-lo), n. 

Shift; evasion; subterfuge. 
Hoonaionalo (ho'o-na'-16-na'-lo), v. 

[Freq. of hoonalo, to hide one's 

self.] To resort to subterfuge for 

concealment or escape. 
Hoonalu (ho'o-na'-lu), v. [Hoo and 

nalu, surf.] 1. To cause a swell j 

of the sea on shore; to rise, as i 

the surf; to act, as the sea when I 

the wind and tide are contrary, i 

2. [Hoo and nalu, to weigh in | 

the mind.] To ponder; to dwell; 

upon in thought; to revolve in the! 

au, tide; current.] 1. To cause to 
float on the surface of water; to 
swim standing or erect; to float 
here and there as the current 
goes. 2. To wander; to ramble 
here and there, as in search of. 

Hoonanahili (ho'o-na'-na-hi'-li), v. 
Same as hoonahili. 1. To perplex; 
to cause to go wrong. 2. To go 
in a crooked manner; to wander 
about; to mistake the road. 

and nanaho, deep down.] To be 
set deep. Same as hoonahonaho. 

Hoonanahu (ho'o-na'-na'-hu), v, [Hoo 
and nahu, to bite.] 1. To cause a 
biting or stinging sensation. Same 
as hoonahu. To cause to bite; to 
sting like a burn. 2. [Hoo and 
nanahu or lanahu, a coal of fire.] 
To make charcoal. 

Hoonanaka (ho'o-na-na'-ka), v. [Hoo 
and naka or nanaka, a crack; a 
crevice.] 1. To be full of cracks, 
openings or chinks. 2, To cause a 
fissure, as heat cracks clay. 

Hoonanaki (ho'o-na-na'-ki), v. [Hoo 
and nanaki or nakii, to tie; to 
fasten.] To bind; to tie up; to 




make fast with a cord or string 
and knot. 

Hoonanauha (ho'o-na'-nahu'-ha), v. 
To make an exhibition of one's 
strength, physical and mental. 

Hoonane (ho'o-na'-ne), v, [Hoo and 
nane, a riddle.] 1. To put forth a 
riddle; to propose something mys- 
terious for explication. 2. To 
speak in parable. 

Hoonanea (ho'o-na'-ne'-a), v. [Hoo 
and nanea, at ease.] 1. To cause 
to be at ease; to put one's self in 
a quiet mental atmosphere. 2. To 
be easy; to be contented; to be 
satisfied with one's self; to be in- 
different to the future. 

Hoonani (ho'o-na'-ni), v. [Hoo and 
nani or lani, beautiful; glorious.] 

1. To glorify; to praise; to exalt; 
to honor. 2. To make beautiful; 
to adorn; to decorate. 

Hoonaninani (ho'o-na'-ni-na'-ni), v. 
[Freq, of hoonani.] To praise con- 
tinuously; to praise much. 

Hoonanue (ho'o-na'-nu'-e), v. [Hoo 
and nanue, to create a swelling.] 
To cause such action on the stom- 
ach as to produce a heaving sen- 
sation; to cause to vomit. 

Hoonapai (ho'o-na'-pa'i), v. [Hoo and 
napai, to bend in.] 1. To cause to 
crook; to cause to bend; to arch. 

2. To make flexible; to render pli- 
able, easy to bend, not stiff or 

Hoonape (ho'o-na'-pe), v. [Hoo and 
nape, elastic; flexible.] 1. To 
cause to bend; to bend, as an elas- 
tic stick. 2. To play to and fro; 
to cause to spring back or return 
to a previous condition after hav- 
ing been bent. 3. To rise and fall 
gently, as quiet breathing. 

Hoonapele (ho'o-na-pe'-le), v. [Hoo 
and napele, to hurt; to wound.] 

1. To make a wound on the head. 

2. To swell, as the effect of a 
wound; to swell out, as the belly; 
to cause to enlarge. 3. To be 
soft and yielding, as a boggy, miry 
place; to shake, as a log; to soft- 
en, as the food in the stomach; o 
ka opu, oia kahi e hoonapele ai i 
ka ai, the stomach is the place to 
soften the food. 4. To cause to be 
broken into fragments; to shatter. 
5. To be loosely constructed, not 
properly fastened. 

Hoonapelepele (ho'o-na-pe'-le-pe'-le), 
V. [Freq. of hoonapele.] To wound 

frequently; to swell very much or 
cause to swell; to be very soft or 
muddy; to shatter; to be very 
loosely constructed. 

Hoonapolo (ho'o-na'-po'-lo), v. [Hoo 
and napolo, to straighten.] 1. To 
make straight; to reduce to order. 
2. To lay out in a straight line. 
To straighten. 

Hoonaue (ho'o-na'u-e), v. [Hoo and 
naue, to vibrate.] 1. To cause to 
rock; to reel to and fro; to shake, 
as the earth in an earthquake. 
2. To move a little; to shove 
along. Syn: Nawenve and nauwe. 

Hoonaueue (ho*o-na-u'e-u'e), v. 
[Freq. of hoonaue.] To rock; to 
shake to and fro. 

Hoonauki (ho'o-na'u-ki), v. [Hoo and 
•nauki, to fret.] To be irritated; to 
be vexed; to be provoked. See 

Hoonaukiuki (ho'o-na'-u'-ki-u'-ki), v. 
[Active form of hoonauki.] To 
irritate; to make angry; to exas- 
perate; to provoke. 

Hoonaulu (ho'o-na'u-lu), v. [Hoo and 
naulu, to vex.] To provoke; to 
awaken opposition. 

Hoonawale (ho'o-na'-wa'-le), v. [Hoo 
and na, to pacify, hoona, with 
wale, only, in vain.] 1. To com- 
fort; to attempt to quiet without 
effect. 2. To try in vain to allay 
pain or grief. (Should be written 
separately, hoona wale.) 

Hoonawali (ho'o-na'-wa'-li), v. [Hoo 
and nawali, weak.] 1. To cause 
to be weak; to make feeble; to 
make sickly. 2. To cause to tot- 
ter. 3. To make thin and hence 
flexible, not stiff. 4. To feign 
weakness; to act as if deficient in 
strength. See hoonawaliwali. 

Hoonawali wall (ho'o-na-wa'-li-wa'-li), 
V. Same as hoonawali, and in 
more general use. 

Hoonawele (ho'o-na-we'-le), v. [Hoo 
and nawele, fine; small; thin.] 
1, To make very little; to be fine, 
like the threads of a spider's web; 
to spin, as a spider its web. 2. To 
become weak through loss of 
flesh; to totter from weakness: 
Hoonawele no hoi kau hele. Your 
walk is unsteady. 

Hoone (ho'-6'-ne), n. [Ho and one, 
sand, to be sandy.] A soft, porous 
stone, also called ana. When pul- 
verized to be used as a medicine 




the powder resembles sand, hence 
the name hoone. 

Hoone (ho'-o-ne), v. To rub or polish 
with the one or ana. 

Hoone (ho'o-ne), v. [Hoo and one, 
to fret.] 1. To worry with impor- 
tunity; to cause vexation by in- 
sistence. 2. To tease; to fret; to 
ask for food, as a child. 

Hoonea (ho'-o-ne'-a), v. [Ho(o) and 
onea, vacant.] To make desolate; 
to sweep off all; to destroy whol- 
ly. See neo and neoneo. 

Hooneanea (ho'-o-ne'-a-ne'-a), v. [Hoo 
and oneanea, a desolate place.] 
To make desolate. To take all 
away; to dispossess one of every- 
thing; to take all the fruits of 
one's land. 

Hoonee (ho'o-ne'e), v. [Hoo and 
nee, to move.] 1. To move; to 
shove along; to rub against. 2. To 
cause to change place. 3. To re- 
move from one place to another. 

Hooneenee (ho'o-ne'e-ne'e), v. [Freq. 
of hoonee, to move along.] 1. To 
push along; to move frequently; 
to shake. 2. To cause to move 
along by jerks and starts. 

Hoonehoa (ho'o-ne-ho'-a), v. Same 
as hoonahoa and hoonakoa. To be 
severe; to be bold; to act the sol- 
dier; to be brave. 

Hoonei (ho'o-ne'i), v. [Hoo and nei, 
an indistinct murmur, as the 
sough of wind in the forests.] 

1. To produce an undefined roar- 
ing, as the shouts of a moving 
multitude. 2. To cause a quaking. 

Hooneinei (ho'o-ne'i-ne'i), v. [Hoo 
and neinei, short, scanty.] 1. To 
crowd one upon another; to cause 
to move along, urged by others. 

2. To cut short; to stint; to 

Hoonele (ho'o-ne'-le), v. [Hoo and 

nele, destitute.] To deprive one 

of something; to make destitute; 

to deprive of. 
Hoonemo (ho'o-ne'-mo), v. [Hoo 

and nemo, to smooth over.] 1. 

To be polished; to be made 

smooth. 2. To polish, 
Hoonemonemo (ho'o-ne'-m6-ne'-mo), 

V. To make smooth; to polish. 
Hoonene (ho'o-ne'-ne'), n. 1. The 

voice of a cricket. 2. A cry as 

of one in distress and calling for 

Hoonene (ho'o-ne'-ne), v. 1. To 

chirp, as a cricket; to sing, as a 

cricket. 2. To utter lamentation 
in undertones. 

Hoonene (ho'o-ne'-ne'), v. To croak, 
as the alae or mudhen; to utter 
a plaintive note, as a cry of one 
in distress: Ina e lohe oe i ke 
keu o ka alae a me ka leo o ka 
ewaewaiki, e hoonene ana, if you 
hear the croak of the alae and 

. the voice of the ewaewaiki utter- 
ing its cry of sorrow, etc. — Lai- 
eik. p. 149. 

Hooneo (ho'o-ne'-o), v. [Hoo and 
neo, to be silent.] 1. To make 
silence; to hush; to be still. 2. 
To make desolate; to make lonely. 

Hooneoneo (ho'o-ne'-6-ne'-o), v. 1. 
To hush to stillness; to be still. 
2. To be still or quiet for want 
of people. 3. To desolate; to lay 
waste; to make destitute of life. 

Hooniania (ho'o-n!'-a-ni'-a), v. [Hoo 
and niania, smooth.] To cause 
to be stripped of vegetation; to 
remove every vestige of plant life 
from; to make or be smooth, as a 

Hoonianiau (ho'o-ni'a-ni-a'u), v. [Hoo 
and nianiau, straight.] 1. To be 
wise or prudent in personal con- 
duct: E hele hoonianiau, lau 
konane waho, go in a straight- 
forward manner, many eyes are 
watching. 2. To be swift in mo- 
tion; to be fleet; to hasten. 

Hooniau (ho'o-nl'-au), v. 1. To pro- 
long; to extend the time of; to 
continue: A no keia mea (ka ikea 
ana o ke kahoaka o Laieikawai), 
hooniau aku la ka Makaula i ka 
pule ana. For this reason (be- 
cause he saw the Kahoaka or 
spirit of Laieikawai) the priest 
prolonged his prayer, etc. Laieik. 
p. 26. 2. To follow in order to 

Hooniau (ho'o-ni'-au), v. [Hoo and 
niau, easy sailing.] To copy or 
follow on after; to imitate; to do 

Hoonihinihi (ho'o-nl'-hi-nl'-hi), [Hoo 
and nihl, to step softly or care- 
fully.] 1. To be cautious, as in 
walking on a ridge or reef of 
rocks. 2. To take light hold of a 
thing, as from fear of filth. 3. To 
eat sparingly; e ai hoonihinihi. 
4. To cause to be narrow or edge- 

Hooniho (ho'o-ni'-ho), n. Stones in- 




serted in a bank; a stone wall or 

Hooniho (ho'o-ni'-ho), v. [Hoo and 
niho, tooth.] 1. To lay stones in a 
wall; to lay stones in an embank- 
ment, as the lower side of a road, 
that is, to insert stones into a 
bank like teeth in the gums. 2. 
To form into a facing for a ter- 
race; to lay stones one upon an- 
other to support a bank of earth. 

Hoonina (ho'o-ni'-na), v. [Hoo and 
nina, soft, adhesive. Contraction 
of hooninanina or hoolinalina.] To 
make soft and viscous or ropy; to 
cause to be tough but not brittle; 
to make pliable. 

Hooninanina (ho'o-ni'-na-ni'-na), v. 
Same as hoolinalina and hoonina. 

Hoonioniolo (ho'o-ni'-6-ni-o'-lo), n. 
1. Straightness; that which is cor- 
rect; upright: me ka hoonioniolo 
o ka manao kekahi, some with 
correctness of opinion. 2. Fear- 
lessness in speaking; spirit in ex- 

Hooniortiolo (ho'o-nl'-o-ni-o'-lo), v. 
[Hoo and nioniolo, correct; 
straight.] 1. To be morally 
straight; to be upright; to be cor- 
rect in practice. 2. To be correct 
in principle; to have right views. 
3. To manifest a haughty spirit by 
not carrying anything, while others 
are heavily loaded; kaumaha la- 
kou, a he hoonioniolo kana hele 
ana. He kanaka haaheo ka! 

Hoono (ho'-o'-no), v. [Hoo and ono, 
sweet, delicious.] 1. To make 
agreeable to the taste. 2. To 
tfc'mpt the appetite. 

Hoono (ho'o-no'), v. [Hoo and no, 
a leakage in the soil.] To cause 
water to pass gradually down 
through the soil to "the depths un- 
der ground." 

Hoonoa (ho*o-no'-a), v. [Hoo and 
noa, the cessation of a tabu.] To 
cause to cease, as the force of a 

Hoonoa (ho'o-no-a'), v. 1. To keep 
continually burning, as a fire; e 
hoomau i ke ahi; to burn con- 
tinually, as a volcano. 2. To be- 
come dry or unfertile, as land suf- 
fering from drought. 

Hoonoe (ho'o-no'-e), v. [Hoo and 
noe, mist.] 1. To make mist or 
vapor; to cause water to fall in 
very fine drops. 2. To darken, as 
mist or fog obscures the land- 

scape. 3. To feel the first effects 
of a narcotic; to doze. 

Hoonoenoe (ho'o-no'-e-no'-e), v. [Hoo 
and noenoe, mist, fog.] 1. To 
cause mist. 2. To make drowsy. 

Hoonohi (ho'-o-no'-hi), n. 1. To cause 
to be red; to be of a reddish 
color. 2. To make fiery red. 3. 
To cause to sparkle; to shine with 
brilliant colors, as a rainbow. 

Hoonohinohi (ho'-o-no'-hi-no'-hi), v, 
[A more euphonic form of hoo- 
nohi.] 1. To cause to shine with 
brightne-ss; to be red. 2. To have 
a different form. 3. To mark with 
different colors. 

Hoonoho (ho'o-no'-ho), n. A species 
of fish-hook made of bone. 

Hoonoho (ho'o-no'-ho), v. [Hoo and 
noho, a seat.] 1. To cause to be 
seated; to place; to put down. 
2. To set in order; to place right- 
ly; to regulate. 3. To establish 
in a place; to install; to appoint 
to; to seat. 

Hoonohonoho (ho'o-no'-ho-no'-ho), n. 
1. The state of being possessed or 
controlled by a spirit. 2. The as- 
suming to be the medium of a 
god. 3. A person who is sup- 
posed to be controlled in speech 
and action by an akua noho; one 
who acts as a medium between 
the gods and man. In the* phrase 
hoonohonoho akua, the act of set- 
ting up or worshiping the poe 
akua noho: Hana ino nui ia ke- 
kahi poe hoonohonoho akua; a ma- 
huka lakou ma kahi e aku, Some 
mediums are persecuted and flee 
to other places. 

Hoonohonoho (ho'o-no'-ho-no'-ho), v. 
1. To settle; to establish; to col- 
lect together; to arrange. 2. To 
put in proper order; to adjust; to 

Hoonohonolo (ho'o-no'-ho-no'-lo), v. 

1. To sleep in a sitting posture. 

2. To pretend sleeping in a sitting 
position in order to detect or dis- 
cover secret matters. 

Hoonohu (ho'o-no'-hu), v. 1. To let 
down partly or reef as the sails 
of a ship. 2. To scowl; to rebuke 
with a look; to frown: E hoonohu 
iho ana oe i ke aha? Why do you 

Hoonoi (ho'o-no'-i), v. [Hoo and noi, 
to beg.] To cause to beg; to in- 
duce another or others to beg. 

Hoonoke (ho'o-no'-ke), v. [Hoo and 




noke, to be energetic] 1. To 
work energetically and persever- 
ingly; to be acute in searching for 
the means to secure an end; to 
act with energy and intelligence. 
2. To express displeasure by fret- 
fulness or constant scolding. 

Hoonole (ho'o-no'-le), v. To be un- 
skillful; to be awkward; to act 

Hoononi (ho'o-no'-ni), v. To stir; to 
create disturbance; to incite to 
violent action. See none. 

Hoononolo (ho'o-no'-no'-lo), v. [Hoo 
and nonolo, to breathe hard.] 1. 
To utter guttural sounds; to emit 
sounds through the nostrils. 2. To 
cause a low, murmuring sound, as 
a cat when it purs. 

Hoonoono (h6'-6'-no-6'-no), n. A con- 
diment; a relish. 

Hoonoono (ho'-6'-no-6'-no), v. [Hoo 
and freq. of ono, sweet, palatable.] 
1. To tell of keen enjoyment in 
eating in order to tempt appetite; 
to tantalize the hungry by describ- 
ing gustatory pleasures. 2. To 
render palatable; to give relish to; 
to make pleasant to the taste; to 
make sweet. 

Hoonoonoo (ho'o-no'o-no'o), v. [Hoo 
and noonoo, to think.] 1. To cause 
to think upon; to remember; to 
consider; to reflect upon. 2. To 
be reminiscent; to recall to mind. 

Hoonou (ho'O'no'u), v. [Hoo and 
nou, to throw.] 1. To throw a 
stone; to pelt with stones; to 
throw, as missiles. 2. To looseoi; 
to send forth. (Nou is the proper 
word.) 3. To put forth physical 
effort; to exert force to the ut- 
most, as in striving to accomplish 
some physical task. 

Hoonua (ho'o-nu'a), n. 1. A gift or 
gifts given for the purpose of ob- 
taining favor. 2. Person or per- 
sons bestowing presents to obtain 
favor. 3. Something given or an 
act performed in order to recon- 

Hoonua (ho'o-nu'a), v. To give in 
order to obtain favor; to give in 
expectation of receiving. 2. To 
bribe. Syn: Hookuli. 

Hoonuanua (ho'o-nu'a-nu'a), v. 1. To 
cause to be enriched; to increase 
the possessions of. 2. To be en- 
nobled; to be honored. 

Hoonuha (ho'o-nu'-ha), v. [Hoo and 
nuha, silent; taciturn.] 1. To be 

idle; to be lazy; to be indisposed 
to do anything. 2. To sit still, 
as a person unable to walk. 3. To 
act as though disabled; to resist; 
to be stubborn. 

Hoonuhanuha (ho'o-nu'-ha-nu'-ha), 
adj. Unfavorable, adverse. 

Hoonuhanuha (ho'o-nu'-ha-nu-ha), v. 
[Intensive of hoonuha, to be stub- 
born.] 1. To be very stabborn. 
The* more euphonious and more 
commonly used word is hoonu- 
nuha. 2. To act in a sulky man- 
ner; to manifest a stubborn dis- 

Hoonui (ho'o-nu'-i), v. [Hoo and 
nui, great.] 1. To make great; 
to enlarge; to increase. 2. To 
multiply; to add to. 3. To boast; 
to brag; to enlarge beyond the 
truth. 4. To dilate; to distend. 

Hoonuinui (ho'o-nu'-i-nu'-i), n. [Hoo 
and nuinui, an increase.] An ex- 
aggeration; an overstatement. 

Hoonunuha (ho'o-nu'-nu'-ha), v. To 
be stubborn or sulky. Same as 
hoonuhanuha and more generally 

Hoonuu (ho'o-nu'u), adj. Greedy 
after food; having a keen appe- 
tite for food or drink. 

Hoonuu (ho'o-nu'u), n. 1. Greedi- 
ness after food; a voracious ap- 
petite; a seizing food with eager- 
ness. 2. A glutton. 

Hoonuu (ho'o-nu'u), v. 1. To be 
greedy in eating; to eat to great 
fullness; to gormandize; applied 
to a single person. 2. To eat 

Hoooioi (ho'o-6'i-6'i), adj. Same as 
hooioi. Assuming; desirous of ap- 
pearing at the head; conceited; 

Hooolea (ho-o'o-le'a), v. To harden, 
to make stiff; to cause an erec- 
tion of the penis. 

Hoooluolu (ho'o-o'-lu-6'-lu), v. [Hoo 
and oiuolu, to be comfortable.] 
Same as hooluolu. 1. To comfort; 
to console one in affliction and 
pain; to give comfort to body or 
mind. 2. To please. 

Hoopa (ho'o-pa'), v. [Hoo and pa, 
to touch.] 1. To cause to touch; 
to take hold of. 2. To hit; to 
strike. 3. To touch; to feel of; 
to handle. 

Hoopaa (ho'o-pa'a), v. [Hoo and 
paa, fast; tight.] 1. To make 
fast; to bind; to keep tight; to 




detain. 2. To tie or fasten a 
thing; to make tight. 3. To stop 
one's speech; to be silent; you 
have said enough. (Laieik. p. 65.) 
4. To hold back; to refuse con- 
sent. 5. To hold on to; to re- 
strain; to confine. 6. To hold by 
law or promise. 

Hoopaakiki (ho'o-pa*a-ki-ki), n. Stub- 
bornness; disobedience. 

Hoopaakiki (ho'o-pa'a-ki-ki'), v. [Hoc 
and paakiki, hard morally and 
physically.] 1. To hold fast to 
one's opinion; to be obstinate; to 
be unyielding. 2. To have no re- 
spect to other's feelings, person or 
property. 3. To be hard in the 
treatment of others; to be hard 
hearted. 4. To make hard, firm 
or compact; to harden. 

Hoopaapaa (ho'o-pa'a-pa'a), v. 1. To 
contest in words; to discuss; to 
argue for and against; to debate. 
2. To enter into angry, wordy con- 

Hoopae (ho'o-pa'e), v. [Hoc and 
pae, to float ashore.] 1. To cause 
to arrive at land; to go ashore 
from a canoe, boat or vessel. 2. 
To float ashore, as anything at 
sea. 3. To build up on a bank of 
a taro patch. 4. To" run upon a 
beach, as a canoe. A modern ap- 
plication of the word ia to smuggle. \ 

Hoopaee (ho'o-pa'-e'-e'), n. 1. A de- ' 
sire and an effort to obtain an- ! 
other's property; a species of rob- ! 
bery. 2. A method of defrauding | 
by representing incorrectly; a get- 1 
ting possession of something by j 
trickery. Syn: Apuka. I 

Hoopaee (ho'o-pa'-e'-e'), v. [Hoo and I 
paee, to hear indistinctly.] 1. To; 
cause to hear indistinctly through | 
noise. 2. To cause to be unintel- 1 
ligible; to s.peak rapidly or indis- 
tinctly so as to cause a misunder- 
standing; to misrepresent. 3. To 
misunderstand what is said; to be 
partly deaf. 

Hoopaele (ho'o-pa-e'-le), v. [Hoo and 
paele, to be dirty.] 1. To be- 
smear; to defile; to make dirty; 
to blacken. 2. Fig., To disturb with 
other thoughts and reflections. 
(Laieik. p. 142.) 

Hoopaepae (ho'o-pa'e-pa'e), v. [In-! 
tensive of hoopae.] To be driven 
or dashed on shore by the aurf; 
to ride ashore through the surf; 
to cause to land. 2. To cause a 

canoe or surf-board to shoot land- 
ward on the crest of a wave. 3. 
To support by firm foundation, as 

Hoopaepae (ho'o-pa-e'-pa-e'), v. [Hoo 
and pae, to sound.] 1. To make 
a loud, boisterous noise in con- 
versation; to talk with a loud 
voice so that everybody can hear. 
2. To dispute or debate in a vo- 
ciferous manner. (Obsolete.) 

Hoopaewa (ho'o-pa'-e'-wa), n. 1. 
Crookedness in dealing; so deal- 
ing as to get the advantage; also, 
in conversation, a perversion of 
truth or an erroneous statement, 
often connected with robbery and 
murder. 2. A deviation; a being 
not exactly in proper form or 

Hoopaewa (ho'o-pa'-e'-wa), v. [Hoo 
and paewa, crooked.] To make 
crooked; to cause to be out of a 
direct line. 

Hoopahee (ho'o-pa'-he'e), v. [Hoo 
and pahee, to slip.] 1. To cause 
to slip; to cause to fall down; to 
cause to slide, as the feet in a 
slippery place. 2. Make slippery, 
as with grease or water; to cause 
anything to slip or move easily. 

Hoopaheehee (ho'o-pa'-he'e-he'e), v. 
Intensive of hoopahee. 

Hoopahele (hb'o-pa'-he'-le), v. [Hoo 
and pahele, to ensnare.] 1. To 
cause to be ensnared; to take or 
catch with a snare. 2. To deceive 
by trickery; to cause to be im- 
posed upon by pretense. 

Hoopahemo (ho'o-pa'-he'-mo), v. [Hoo 
and hemo or pahemo, to loosen.] 
1. To loosen; to cause to slip off, 
as an axe from the helve. 2. To 
let go; to make free from re- 
atraint in a secret manner; to con- 
nive at releasing from restraint. 

Hoopahola (ho'o-pa-ho'-la), v. 1. To 
spread; to unfold. 2. To promul- 
gate; to cause to be published . 

Hoopahole (ho'o-pa'-ho'-le), v. [Hoo 
and pahole or pohole, to peel 
off.] 1. To peel; to pull off, as the 
skin of a banana; to wound the 
skin. 2. To rub; to polish. 3. To 
do a thing with indifference. 4. 
To treat with indifference: Hoopa- 
hole oe i ka'u olelo, you treat my 
words with indifference. 

Hoopahu (ho'o-pa-hu'), v. [Hoo and 
pahu, to burst forth.] 1. To cause 
to burst forth; to explode. 2. To 




cause an explosion. 3. To cause 
an explosive aound. as a sudden 
violent stroke on a drum. (A pahu 
was a large drum). 

Hoopahua (ho'o-pa'-hu'a), v. 1. To 
cause to be in vain; to make of 
no effect. 2. To move sidewise; 
to walk, run or sail laterally. 

Hoopahupahu (ho'o-pa'-hu-pa-hu'), n. 
Sound of continuous violent drum- 
ming or beating. (Laieik. p. 198.) 

Hoopahupahu (ho'o-pa'-hu-pa-hu'), v. 
[Hoo and pahu, to burst forth, 
or pahu, drum.] 1. To make 
sharp, sudden crackling noises, as 
the explosive sound of fire-crack- 
ers. The word implies a continua- 
tion of s.uch sounds, not a single 
report. 2. To make a succession 
of loud sounds by single strokes 
on a drum. 3. To throb violently, 
as the heart from fear or excite- 

Hoopai (ho'o-pa'i), n. 1. An avenger; 
ka hoopai koko, an avenger of 
blood. 2. Punishment; penalty. 3. 
A fine imposed as punishment for 
an offense. 4. The judgment of a '' 
court on a criminal. 5. A carved 
design of finely ruled parallel j 
lines with sharp edges, on an ie 
kuku or tapa beater. Found in 
many combinations, as hoopai ha- 
lua, two sets of parallel lines at 
right angles. 

Hoopai (ho'o-pa'i), v. [Hoo and pai, 
to strike.] 1. To strike back; to 
revenge; to reciprocate treatment. 
2. To punish; to punish according 
to law. 3. To cause a penalty to 
be imposed upon. 

Hoopaiho (ho'o-pa'i-ho), v. [Hoo and 
paiho, to project.] 1. To jut out, 
as a broken bone. 2. To give a 
warning with the hand; to peahi, 
gesture, be-ckon with the hand. 3. 
To speak or tempt by sign lan- 
guage. 4. To lay open; to expose. 
5. To peel off, as in slipping off 
the outer skin. ' 

Hoopaiki (ho'o-pa'-i'-ki), v. [Hoc, 
pa, to touch, and iki, little.] 1. 
To touch lightly or softly; to 
move gently; to move a very little. 
2. To touch cautiously. 3. To eat 
or drink a little only; to take 
sparingly of food or drink. 

Hoopailua (ho'o-pa'i-lu'-a), n. 1, Sick- 
ness at the stomach; disgust; 
loathing. 2. A disgusting sight; 
an abomination. 

Hoopailua (ho*o-pa'i-lu'-a), v. [Hoo 
and pailua, nausea.] 1. To be sick 
at the stomach; to nauseate. 2. 
To dislike greatly; to be dis- 
pleased with. 3. To abhor; to 

Hoopakaka (ho'o-pa'-ka-ka'), v. [Hoo 
and pakaka, smooth, without a 
wrinkle.] 1. To cause to be dis- 
tended so as to show no crease or 
wrinkle; to distend or dilate as 
the belly. 2. To cause to glide 
smoothly over a surface. 

Hoopakake (ho'o-pa'-ka-ke'), v. [Hoo 
and pakake, to talk indistinctly.] 

1. To practice the kake, or secret 
language; to talk unintelligibly ex- 
cept to those instructed in a kind 
of mystical language. 2. To talk 
like a foreigner without learning 
his language. 

Hoopakauaaka (ho'o-pa'-ka'-ua-a'-ka), 
V. [Aka, to laugh.] 1. To cause 
one to laugh; to create laughter; 
to make sport. 2. To divert the 
mind from care; to relax and 

Hoopake (ho'o-pa-ke'), v. [Hoo and 
pake, an oozing, percolation.] To 
s.queeze out; to force out by com- 
pression; to compress so as to 
force out, as juice from a pulp, or 
viscid matter from a small orifice. 

Hoopakele (ho'o-pa-ke'-le), v. [Hoo 
and pakele, to escape. To cause 
to escape from; to deliver; to save 
one from danger. 

Hoopakelo (ho'o-pa-ke'-lo), v. [Hoo 
and pakelo, to slip out of.] 1. To 
slip out of the grasp of a person 
or thing, as a fis.h from the hands. 

2. To cause to slip out. 
Hoopaki (ho'o-pa-ki'), v. [Hoo and 

paki, to strike, to splash.] 1. To 
peck or crowd out as a chick in 
the egg about to hatch; to swell 
out; to push through any opposing 
substance; to squirt, as the juice 
of a squeezed orange. 2. To cause 
a splashing or spattering as of 
water, mud, etc. 

HoopakikI (ho'o-pa'-ki'-ki'), v. [Hoo 
and paki, to splash or spatter.] 
1. To cause a splashing; to spat- 
ter water, mud, etc. 2. To cause 
to glide over a smooth surface. 
Syn: Hoopakaka. 

Hoopakio (ho'o-pa-kl'o), v. [Hoo and 
pakio, to drop continually, as 
rain.] To cause to rain frequently; 




to drop down or leak continually 
a little at a time. 
Hoopakole (ho'o-pa-ko'-le), v. [Hoo 
and pakole or pokole, to be short.] 
1. To curb; to restrain. 2. To 
shorten; to make short. 

Hoopakupaku (ho'o-pa'-ku'-pa-ku'), v. 
[Hoo and paku, to burs.t out.] To 
cause to break open suddenly; to 
turn inside out, as a bursting from 
internal pressure. 

Hoopala (ho'o-pa'-la), v. [Hoo and 
pala, mellow; soft.] 1. To make 
soft; to ripen soft, as dead-ripe 
fruit. 2. To put through an artifi- 
cial process of ripening, as of im- 
mature fruit. 

Hoopalaha (ho'o-pa-la'-ha), v. To fall 
prostrate in adoration. 

Hoopalahalaha (ho'o-pa'-la'-ha-la'-ha), 
V. [Laha, to extend.] To spread 
out; to make broad; to widen. 

Hoopalahea (ho'o-pa'-la-he'a), v. [Hoo 
and palahea, dirty.] 1. To defile; 
to daub over; to stain; to make 
dirty. 2. To spread out; to dif- 

Hoopalahee (ho'o-pa'-la-he'e), v. [Hoo 
and palahee, to shrink from.] 1. 
To recoil from an action for fear 
of something. 2. To feign in- 
ability as an excuse for not acting. 

Hoopalahuli (ho'o-pa'-la-hri'-li). v. To 
turn upside down; to turn over 
and over: E hoopalahuli iho oe i 
ka umeke, turn the calabash up- 
side down; to reverse. 

Hoopalale (ho'o-pa'-la-le')^ v. [Hoo 
and palale, loose, disconnected.] 1. 
To speak with another voice; to 
disguise the voice; to stammer; to 
vociferate. 2. To speak incoher- 
ently or with insidious meaning. 

Hoopalaleha (ho'o-pa'-la-le'-ha), v. 
[Hoo and palaleha, slothful.] 1. 
To be s.lothful; to be idle; to be 
careless. 2. To defer or put off 
what ought to be done at once; 
to procrastinate. 

Hoopalalehe (ho'o-pa'-la-le'-he), v. To 
be idle; to waste time; to be in- 
active. Same as hoopalaleha. 

Hoopalani (ho'o-pa'-la-ni), v. [Hoo 
and palani, sour.] 1. To make 
sour, to give a biting taste. 2. To 
cause to be rancid or musty: Ua 
palani ka ai, The food is sour. 

Hoopalau (ho'o-pa-la'u), v., adj. Be- 
trothed; engaged in marriage, as 
a woman to a man. 

Hoopalau (ho'o-pa-Ia'u), v. 1. To 
engage to marry, as a man and 
woman; to make an agreement of 
marriage. 2. To betroth, as par- 
ents a daughter; to agree to make 
a matrimonial alliance. 

Hoopalau (ho'o-pa'-lau), v. [Hoo and 
palau, to lie; to deceive.] 1. To 
cause to lie; to cause to deceive; 
to be guilty of perfidy. 2. To 
caus.e perjury; to induce or incite 
to the willful violation of an oath. 

Hoopale (ho'o-pa'-le), v. [Hoo and 
pale, to ward off, to resist; to 
parry.] 1. To drive off from; to 
defend when attacked. 2. To sep- 
arate from. 3. To be or act the 
defendant in court. 

Hoopalela (ho'o-pa-le'-la), v. [Hoo 
and palela, idle; lazy.] To be 
indisposed to work; to be idle; to 
be lazy, 

Hoopalemo (ho'o-pa'-le'-mo), v. [Hoo 
and palemo, to sink in water.] 
To plunge; to cause to sink in 

Hoopalepale (ho'o-pa'-le-pa'-le), v. 
[Hoo and pale, to ward off.] To 
separate; to ward off; to loosen. 
Syn: Hoopale. 

Hoopalo (ho'o-pa'-lo), v. [Hoo and 
palo, to live idly.] 1. To sit 
speechless, as one watching others; 
to sit silent and quiet, but with 
sly and wicked thoughts or inten- 
tions. 2. To act as though idle 
and indifferent although really ac- 
tive and on the watch; to act 
the part of a detective. 

Hoopalu (ho'o-pa'-lu), v. [Hoo and 
palu, to lick.] 1. To cause to lap 
or take in with the tongue. 2. To 
pass the tongue over; to lick. 3. 
To strike with the tongue. 

Hoopalua (ho'o-pa'-lu'a), v. 1. To 
put two things together, as two 
letters in reading. 2. To double; 
to increase by twice as much. 

Hoopaluhee (ho'o-pa'-lu-he'e), v. [Hoo 
and paluhee, to soften.] 1. To 
make s.oft; to cook soft; to cause 
to flow. 2. To reduce to a pulp; 
to make pulpy. 

Hoopalupalu (ho'o-pa'-lu-pa'-lu), v. 
[Hoo and palupalu, weak, soft.] 
1. To soften; to cause to be easily 
impressed; to mollify, as in ap- 
peasing excited passion. 2. To 
make weak; to feign weakness. 3. 
To make pliant; to cause to be 
flexible, not stiff or brittle. 4. To 




cause to be sodden or seethed, as 
in preparing food. 

Hoopane (ho'o-pa'-ne), v. [Hoo and 
pane, to reply.] 1. To cauae to 
reply back and forth in conversa- 
tion; to make a reply to what has 
been said. 2. To say or talk in 
order to draw out or bring to light 
through response. 

Hoopanee (ho'o-pa'-ne'e), adj. Put 
off; postponed; delayed. 

Hoopanee (ho'o-pa'-ne'e), n. That 
which is postponed; a postpone- 

Hoopanee (ho'o-pa'-ne'e), v. [Hoo 
and panee, to postpone.] To put 
off; to push out of place; to post- 
pone doing a thing; to delay. 

Hoopanepane (ho'o-pa'-ne-pa'ne), v. 
[Freq. of hoopane.] 1. To speak 
and reply; to answer each other, 
as people in conversation. 2. To 
offer or sugges.t verbal replies to 
provoke controversy. 

Hoopaninio (ho'o-pa'-ni-nl'o), v. A 
contraction of hoopanionio for eu- 
phony. To variegate with colors; 
to put different colors on a thing; 
e wai kilikiloia, e panionio. 

Hoopanionio (ho'o-pa'-ni'o-ni'o), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of panio, to spot; 
to paint.] To spot; to print, as 
in printing tapa; to variegate. 

Hoopanoa (ho'o-pa'-no'-a), v. [Hoo 
and panoa, wild dry land.] 1. To 
cause to be dry, hard and rocky, 
as a barren dry place. 2. To 
cause barrenness. 

Hoopanopano (ho'o-pa'-n6-pa'-no), v. 
[Hoo and panopano or papano, 
thick; black; glossy.] 1. To make 
thick and black, as a cloud; to be 
thick, glossy black. 2. To be 
covered or decked with dark 

Eleele Hilo c, 
Hoopanopano i ka ua, 
Dark is Hilo now. 
Covered in gloomy rain. 

Hoopapa (ho'o-pa'-pa), n. 1. A shelf 
made by placing sticks across the 
corner of a room. 2. The condi- 
tion of a woman with a board tied 
to her abdomen to secure her con- 
ception; a e hoomaemae 1 kona 
hanau keiki. 

Hoopapa (ho'o-pa'-pa'), n. A cham- 
pion or leader. O Kanupaiki ko 
Hilo keiki hoopapa. 

Hoopapa (ho'o-pa'-pa'), v. 1. To 
touch gently with the hand; to 
pat. 2. To make advances to, for 

the purpose of gaining information. 
3. To decide questions of rivalry 
by competitive contest. 

Hoopapa (ho'o-pa'-pa), v. [Hoo and 
papa, a row; a rank.] To place- 
in rows or ranks, as soldiers; to 
lay in rank one above another; to 
pack in order, as clothes in a 

Hoopapa (ho'o-pa'-pa), v. To answer 
back and forth in the way of 
friendly dispute; to contend for 
in words. 

Hoopapaa (ho'o-pa-pa'a), v. 1. To 
make crisp; to make brittle, as in 
cooking. 2. To burn; to scorch in 
the fire, as food burnt black. 

Hoopapai (ho'o-pa'-pa'i), v. [Hoo 
and papal, to slap, to strike with 
open hand.] To feint a strike. 

Hoopapai (ho'o-pa-pai), v. To move 
the lower parts of the abdomen 
gently forward, as is practiced in 
certain forms of the hula dance's. 

Hoopapalalu (ho'o-pa'-pa'-la'-lu), v. 1. 
To be weak in body. 2. To be 
unstrung; to have no nerve, as 
dist. from hoopopololu, to be brave, 

Hoopapalima (ho'o-pa'-pa'-li'-ma), v. 
[Hoo, papai, to touch, and lima, 
hand.] 1. To touch, join or shake 
hands as confirmatory of a pre- 
vious agreement. (This was an 
ancient practice among Hawaiians. 
To lock hands was an act which 
signified a making certain or last- 
ing of any mutual promise of 

Hoopapau (ho'o-pa'-pa'u), n. En- 
gagedness; devotedness; earnest- 
ness and perseverance in a pur- 

Hoopapau (ho'o-pa'-pa'u), v. [Hoo 
and papau, to be intent.] 1. To 
be all engaged in a thing; to be 
wholly taken up with it. 2. To be 
in earnest in a work or in an af- 
fair; to have a great anxiety about 
a thing. 3. To persevere; to insist 

Hoopau (ho'o-pa'u), v. [Hoo and 
pau, all.] 1. To make an end of 
a thing; to finish; to complete a 
work; to cease to work. 2. To 
devour; to consume all. 3. To 
cancel; to do away with; to set 

Hoopau (ho'o-pa-u'), v. [Hoo and 
pau, a woman's garment.] To put 
or gird on the pa-u; to bind on 




one, as a loose garment; to tie 

Hoopauaka (ho'o-pa'u-a'-ka), v. [Hoo 
and pauaka, crooked, deceitful, 
etc.] To cause to be of no use, 
as applied to action; to avail noth- 
ing; to answer no purpose: He 
hana hoopauaka kela. That work 
is of no use, avails nothing. 

Hoopauha (ho'o-pa'u-ha'), v. To ob- 
ject; to oppose; to set one's self 
against a proposition; to offer ob- 
structive argument. 

Hoopaulinalina (ho'o-pa'u-li'-na-li'-na), 
V. [Hoo and lina, soft; yielding.] 
1. To work lazily or carelessly be- 
cause of little or no pay. 2. To 
waste time or substance in mat- 
ters that avail nothing. 

Hoopaumaele (ho'o-pa'u-ma-e'-le), v. 
[Hoo and paumaele, to defile.] To 
cause defilement or pollution; to 
daub over; to foul; to dirty. 

Hoopaumako (ho'o-pa'u-ma'-ko), v. 
[Hoo and paumako, deep grief.] 
1. To have great affe-ction for; to 
weep over one for grief; to be 
sad at the loss of a friend or any- 
thing valuable. 2. To manifest 
sorrow in one's features; to be of 
sad countenance. 3. To pretend to 
be grieved at the misfortune or 
sorrow of. 

Hoopaumanawa (ho'o-pa'u-ma-na'-wa), 
V. [Hoopau, to make an end of, 
and manawa, time.] 1. To waste 
time; to play the child after one 
has grown up; to act foolishly; to 
live idly. 2. To indulge in any 

Hoopaupau (ho'o-pa'u-pa'u), v. [Hoo 
and pau or paupau, soot or sooty.] 

1. To make black; to cause to 
have a dark brown or black color. 

2. To cover or soil with soot. 
Hoopaupauaho (ho'o-pa'u-pa'u-a'-ho), 

V. [Hoo and paupauaho, discour- 
aged, from pau, all gone, and aho, 
breath.] 1. To cause to be nearly 
out of breath; to breathe, as from 
violent exercise or exce-ssive phys- 
ical weakness. 2. To be weary in 
doing a thing; to be discouraged. 

3. To pretend to be out of breath; 
to feign faintness; to perform 

Hoope (ho'o-pe'), adj. Perfumed; 
anointed with perfumed substances. 

Hoope (ho'o-pe'), v. [Hoo and pe, to 
anoint.] 1. To anoint with what 
is perfumed; hence, to perfume. 

2. To bribe; to influence by any- 
thing given. 3. [Hoo and pe, for 
pepe, marked; bruised.] To cause 
to break up; to break fine; to 
Hoopea (ho'o-pe'a), v. [Hoo and 
pea, to make a cross; to oppose.] 

1. To accuse or punish an innocent 
person; to bring one into diffi- 
culty; to deal falsely or unjustly. 

2. To embarrass by secret means, 
hoopea kua. 

Hoopeepee (ho'o-pe'e-pe'e), v. To 
cause to be out of sight; to hide 
the truth; to prevaricate; to quib- 
ble in order to hide the reality. 

Hoopehupehu (ho'o-pe'-hu-pe'-hu), adj. 
Full; large; spreading, as clouds; 
he ao hoopehupehu. 

Hoopehupehu (ho'o-pe'-hii-pe'-hu), v, 
[Hoo and pehu, to swell, pehupehu, 
swollen.] To cause to swell; to 
cause to grow larger; to be 

Hoopepe (ho'o-pe'-pe'), v. [Hoo and 
pepe, broken or bruised.] 1. To 
cause to be broken in pieces; to 
make soft by bruising. 2. To 
pound; to beat; to strike heavily 
in order to crush; to break up 
by blows. 

Hoopepehu (ho'o-pe'-pe'-hu), adj. 
Strong; rough; muscular. Syn: 

Hoopepehu (ho'o-pe'-pe'-hu), v. To 
be strong; to be active. 2. To 
show strength in the physical con- 
stitution: He hoolua nui ke kua- 
aina, he hoopepehu. The country- 
man shows strength, he is mus- 
cular, energetic, etc. 

Hoopepelu (ho'o-pe'-pe'-lu), v. [Hoo 
and pelu, to bend over.] 1. To 
cause to bend or double over. 2. 
To be in doubt; to be doubtful 
which way to go. 3. To repeat 
one's self in speech; to ramble in 
talking; e lauwili, e olelo pelu- 
pelu; to repeat. 

Hoopi (ho'o-pi'), n. The title of 
such persons as were economical 
in regard to food and took care 
of it in distinction from the waste- 
ful: O ka poe mahiai malama i ka 
ai, ua kapaia ua poe la, he hoopi, 
aole o lakou wi, The planters who 
preserved their property were 
called hoopi; they were not im- 

Hoopi (ho'o-pl'), V. [Hoo and pi, 
stingy.] 1. To be hard; to be 




close; to be stingy. 2. To be 
sour; to be unsociable. 3. To 
make or cause to be stingy. 4. To 
be careful of one's means; to be 
economical provident, etc. 5. [Hoo 
and pi, a species of vine.] To fol- 
low after. (Obsolete.) 

Hoopiha (ho'o-pl'-ha), v. [Hoo and 
piha, full.] To cause to fill; to 
fill full, as a container; to put 
into a vessel until it runs over. 

Hoopihapiha (ho'o-pI'-ha-p!'-ha), v. 
[Hoo and pIha, full.] 1. To cause 
to be full; to overflow; to abound. 
2. To swell up, as the stomach 
from disease. 3. To be full, as 
cloth gathered and plaited into a 
ruffle; hence, 4. To be full and 
flowing, as a ruffle. 5. To fill up 
with, or spread defamatory lan- 

Hoopiho (ho'o-pi'-ho'), V. To put under 
water; to fill'with water; to over- 
whelm a boat. 

Hoopii (ho'o-pi'i), v. [Hoo and pii, 
to ascend.] 1. To cause to as- 
cend; to go up; to appear; to pro- 
trude above: ua hoopiiia ka huelo 
o ua moo nui nei. — Laieik. p. 103. 

2. To inform of the fault of a per- 
son. To complain to one in au- 
thority of one in error or fault. 

3. To accuse before a court of 
justice. To appeal to or for. 

Hoopiina (ho'o-pi-I'na), n. [Hoo and 
piina, a going up.] Literally a go- 
ing up. The ascent of a hill; a 
path or road leading upward. 

Hoopiipii (ho'o-pi'i-pi'i), v. [Hoo 
and freq. of pii, to go up.] 1. To 
cause to ascend; to cause to go 
up. 2. To beat against the wind; 
to sail in a zigzag manner. 3. To 
raise the cud, as ruminating an- 
imals. 4. To cause to flow up- 
ward, as water out of a spring. 

Hoopikiki (ho'o-pi-ki'-ki), v. To cur- 
tail; to make shorter; to shorten. 

Hoopiji (ho'o-pi'-li), v. [Hoo and 
pili, to adhere.] 1. To cause to 
adhere to; to stick to; to cling 
to. 2. To put together the parts 
of a thing. 3. To attach one's self 
to another; to adhere to a person, 
as a servant or retainer. 

Hoopilikia (ho'o-pi'-li-ki'-a), v. [Hoo 
and pilikia, crowded close.] To 
get one into difficulty; to lead 
one into straits; to cause one to 
be in want. 

Hoopilimeaai (ho'o-pi'-li-me'a-a'i), n. 
1. A person serving another merely 
for his living. 2. One who lives 
upon others. 

Hoopilimeaai (ho*o-pI'-li-me'a-a'i), v. 
[Hoopili, to adhere to; and meaai, 
something to eat.] To attach 
one's self to another for the sake 
of a living; to be a retainer, es- 
pecially where not much service is 
required; to serve merely for a 
living; to live in idleness, pre- 
tending to belong to a chief, mere- 
ly to obtain a living, while indif- 
ferent as to the chief's honor or 
authority or interests. 

Hoopilipili (ho^o-pi'-li-pl'-li), v. [Hoo 
and pili or pipili, to adhere to.] 
1. To put together two or more 
things into one; to cause them to 
adhere closely. 2. To live together 
in close friendship, as two intimate 
friends. 3. To court; make love 

Hoopinana (ho*o-pI'-na'-na), v. [Hoo 
and pinana, to climb.] 1. To cause 
a climbing. 2. To ascend by the 
use of the hands and feet. 3. To 
turn the features upward as a 
mark of scorn. 

Hoopio (ho'o-pl'-o), v. [Hoo and pio, 
to extinguish.] 1. To put out; to 
extinguish, as a fire or light. 2. 
To humble; to reduce to servi- 
tude; to make a prisoner of; to 

Hoopio (ho'o-pi'o), v. [Hoo and pio, 
to bend.] To cause an arch; to 
bend; to make a curve; to crook. 

Hoopioloolo (ho'o-pI-o'-16-o'-lo), v. 1. 
To cause agitation of mind. 2. To 

Hoopiopio (ho'o-pi'o-pi'o), v. 1. To 
practice sorcery, phases of which 
were the auhauhui, hiu, and ana- 
ana. 2. To pray in the practice of 
sorcery. 3. To perform other cer- 
emonies with medicines, etc., in 
order to kill. (The god to whom 
the prayer was made was called 

Hoopipika (ho'o-pi-pi'-ka), v. [Hoo 
and pipika, moving out of a direct 
line.] To turn aside; to balk or 
shy, as a horse; to make a detour, 
as if to avoid meeting some per- 

Hoopo (ho'o-po'), V. [Hoo and po, 
night; dark.] 1. To act in the 
dark. Fig. To do ignorantly. 2. 
To give without discretion; to act 




foolishly without intelligence; e 
hoonaaupo, e hoonalowale. 3. To 
absent one's self slyly, as if in 
the dark: i kekahi manawa, ike 
ia mai lakou i ka pule, a i kekahi 
manawa, hoopo loa aku, sometimes 
they appear at worship, at other 
times they make themselves dark. 
4. To keep out of one's sight. 5. 
To be willingly blind or ignorant. 

Hoopoe (ho'o-p6'-e), v. [Hoo and 
poe, round.] 1. To cut off short; 
to cut off square, as pieces of 
sugar-cane or pieces of wood. 2. 
To cut the hair alike all over the 
head. 3. To make globular. 

Hoopoepoe (ho'o-po'-e-po'-e), v. [Hoo 
and poepoe, round.] 1. To make 
round; to collect into a ball. 2. 
To shorten endwise. 3. To cut 
off, as a section of a log for a cart 
wheel. See hoopoe. 

Hoopoha (ho'o-p6-ha'), v. [Hoo and 
poha, to burst; to break.] 1. To 
cause to break or burst forth, as 
a sound. 2. To burst, as the con- 
te-nts of a boil; to overflow. 3. To 
flow away; to cause to explode 
with a sudden report. 

Hoopohae (ho'o-po'-ha'e). v. 1. To 
cause to be torn slightly for the 
purpose of looking into or exam- 
ining. 2. To make a break, or tear 
a hole in a wrapper or envelope. 

Hoopohaku (ho'o-po'-ha'-ku), v. [Hoo 
and pohaku, a stone, rock.] 1. To 
cause to become a stone or rock; 
to harden. 2. To become as a 
rock or stone; to be very hard. 

Hoopohala (ho'o-p6'-ha'-la), n. [Hoo 
and pohala, to question in a cap- 
tious manner.] 1. Caviling; de- 
preciating; discrediting. 2. A de- 
crying of; a withholding of confi- 
dence from. 

Hoopohala (ho'o-p6-ha'-la), v. [Hoo 
and pohala, to question in the 
sense of unbelief.] 1. To oppose 
by a show of indifference to or un- 
belief in. 2. To reject as unbe- 
lievable. 3. To gainsay or ob- 
struct in a roundabout manner. 

Hoopohalu (ho'o-p6'-ha'-lu), v. 1. To 
make a hole or crevice; to split; 
to crack; to burst forth. 2. To 
swell up, as a wound; to be large. 
3. To cause an opening through 
solid material, as a calabash. The 
word has relatively the same 
meaning as hoopahoe, one refer- 

ring to a rending in soft material 
as tapa, the other to solid matter. 

Hoopoheoheo (ho'o-p6-he'-6-he'-o), v. 
To make a head on the end of a 
stick or other substance, as in 
making the neck on the top of a 
rafter on a native house; E kalai 
ia luna o na oa, a uuku; a hoo- 
poheoheo ia ko luna o na oa. Cut 
the upper part of the rafters small 
and turn them into a head. 

Hoopoi (ho'o-po'i), v. [Hoo and poi, 
to cover.] To cover. 

Hoopolna (ho'o-po'-T'-na), v. [Hoo 
and poina, to forget.] To cause to 
forget; to be unmindful; to be 
indifferent as to business or 
knowledge; to be thoughtless. 

Hoopoino (ho'o-po'-i'-no), v. [Hoo 
and poino, to be in distress.] 1. 
To cause injury; to harm. 2. To 
mar; to deface; to hurt; to cause 

Hoopoipoi (ho'o-po'i-po'i), v. [Freq. 
of hoopoi.] 1. To smother, as a 
fire; to extinguish. 2. To assem- 
ble or brush together with the 

Hoopokakaa (ho'o-po'-ka-ka'a), v. 
[Hoo and pokakaa, turning over 
and over as the wheel of a pul- 
ley.] 1. To turn, as the wheel of 
a pulley; to cause to roll, as a 
wheel. 2. Fig. To go over and 
over again with the same story, 
as a verbose speaker. 

Hoopokole (ho'o-po-ko'-le), v. [Hoo 
and pokole or pakole, short.] To 
shorten; to cut short; to curtail 
the length of a thing. 

Hoopokopoko (ho'o-p6'-ko-po'-ko), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of poko, short.] 
1. To make short; to curb in; to 
cut short. 2. To shorten piece- 

Hoopolapola (ho'o-po'-la-po'-la), v. 
[Hoo and polapola, sprout.] 1. To 
revive or cause to come to, as one 
sick. 2. To sprout; to push out, 
as a bud; to quickeii; to hasten 
on. 3. To increase, enlarge or 
multiply by nourishing. 

Hoopololel (ho'o-p6'-lo-le'i), v. [Hoo 
and pololei, straight.] 1. To make 
straight; to straighten. 2. To 
correct; to make corrections; to 
put to rights. 

Hoopololi (ho'o-p6'-lo'-li), v. [Hoo 
and pololi, hungry.] 1. To cause 
hunger; to fast. 2. To impover- 
ish; to make poor. 




Hoopoluluhi (ho'o-po'-lu-lu'-hi), n. 1. 
Shadow that gathers with low- 
hanging heavy clouds; darkness 
which often foretells a storm; 
dark gathering of clouds before a 

Hoopoluluhi (ho'o-po'-lti-lu'-hi), v. 
[Hoo and poluluhi, dark; foggy.] 
To cover the sky with dark storm 
clouds; to thicken and darken, as 
clouds before a storm. 

Hoopomaikai (ho'o-po'-ma'i-ka'i), v. 
[Hoo and poma^ikai, fortunate.] To 
make one fortunate; to be fortu- 
nate in obtaining what one 
wishes; to be blesse-d. 

Hooponalonalo (ho'o-po'-na'-16-na'-lo), 
[Hoo and ponalonalo, to be dim.] 

1. To appear dimly as scarcely 
discernible; to be obscure to the 
sight. 2. To cause to be out of 
sight; to evade for the purpose of 
concealment. 3. To cause nausea. 

Hooponinlu (ho'o-po'-ni'-ni'u), n. A 
dance requiring a rotative motion 
of the body. 

Hooponlniu (ho'o-po'-ni'-ni'u), v. 1. 
To cause to whirl round, as a 
spinning top. 2. To perform ro- 
tatory motions, as is required in 
certain dance-s. 

Hooponlponi (ho'o-po'-ni-p6'-ni), v. 
[Hoo and poni, purple.] 1. To 
cause to be of a black or deep 
blue color. 2. To color purple. 
3. To mix or blend dark and 
bright colors. 

Hooponiunlu (ho'o-po'-nl'u-ni'u), v. 
[Hoo and ponlu, dizziness.] 1. To 
cause a dizziness of the head. 

2, To cause a confusion of 

Hoopono (ho'o-po'-no), v. [Hoo and 
pono, good; right.] To rectify; 
to put in order; to make correct; 
to do rightly. 

Hooponopono (ho'o-po'-n6-po'-no), v. 
[Freq. of hoopono.] 1. To rule 
over; to superintend. 2. To put 
in order; to regulate; to correct 
what is erroneous. 

Hoopoo (ho'o-po'o), V. [Hoo and poo, 
a head, guide or leader.] To ex- 
alt to be a leader; to appoint to 
chieftainship; to cause to be the 
head of an assemblage of persons. 

Hoopoopoo (ho'o-po'o-po'o), v. [Hoo 
and poopoo, deep.] 1. To make 
deep or deeper; to dig deep; to 
cause to sink down. 2. To cause 
to grow poor in flesh. 

Hoopopololu (ho*o-p6'-p6'-lo-lu), v. 
To have physical force; to walk 
boldly; to show courage in the 
presence of danger. Dist. from 
hoopapalulu, to be weak, etc. 

Hoopouli (ho'o-po'-ii'-li), v. [Hoo 
and poull, darkness.] 1. To dark- 
en; to make dark. 2. To blind; 
to mislead; to deprive of sight. 
3. To feign unrecognition of; to 
pretend not to know. 

E hoopouli inai ana ka oe ia'u, 
Kuu hoa o ke ami nie ke koekoe. 
So you pretend not to know me. 
Your comrade through cold and mist. 

Hoopoupou (ho'o-po'u-po'u), v. [Hoo 
and poupou, short of stature.] 1. 
To make short. 2. To stoop; to 
lean forward. 

Hoopu (ho'o-pu'), V. 1. To be quiet; 
to hush. 2. To stop motion or 
agitation as in secret inspection; 
to act the part of a spy. 3. To sit 
shrugged up in one's tapa or 
blanket; to shiver with the cold; 
to sit in a huddled posture. See 
pu and puu. 4. [Hoo and pu or 
puu, to draw lots.] To divide by 

Hoopuahi (ho'o-pu-a'-hi), v. [Hoo 
and puahl, to be quick.] To cause 
quick action; to bestir. 

Hoopuai (ho'o-pu-a'i), v. 1 To flow 
or gush out of a natural reservoir, 
as a well or spring. 2. To cause 
an upheaving of. 

Hoopuakea (ho'o-pu'-a-ke'-a), adj. 
Full of light; lucid; shining. 

Hoopuakea (ho'o-pu'-a-ke'a), n. 1. An 
illumination; a shining. 2. A 
white cloud, or any beautiful dis- 
tant obje-ct. 

Hoopuakea (ho'o-pu'-a-ke'a), v. [Hoo, 
pua, to appear or come in sight 
and kea, white, clear, etc.] To 
appear at a distance as beautiful, 
as light. 

Hoopuai i (ho'o-pu-a'-li), v. To com- 
press; to gird tightly. 

Hoopuapual (ho'o-pu'-a-pu'ai), v. [Hoo 
and freq, of puai, to flow.] To gur- 
gle, as one drinking from a cala- 
bash; to boil or cause to boil up, 
as a spring. 

Hoopuapuwa (ho'o-pu'a-pQ-wa'), v. 

[Hoo and puwa, to evaporate, to 

dissipate, to vanish, as smoke or 

mist,] To cause to be transfig- 

j ured; to change or cause to be 

I changed in appearance, as a cloud 




or smoke as it rises into the upper 

Hoopuhalalu (ho'o-pu'-ha'-la-lu'), v. 
[Hoo and puhalalu, puffed, inflat- 
ed.] To fill up with air or water; 
to inflate. 

Hoopuhalu (ho'o-pu'-ha'-lu), n. One 
who acts in an underhand manner; 
a hypocrite. 

Hoopuhalu (ho'o-pu'-ha'-lu), v. 1. To 
waste time in fruitless dispute. 
2. To spend time lazily. 3. To 
explain language* so as to mean 
nothing. 4. To object to; to re- 
fuse consent to. 

Hoop u ha I u ha I u ( ho'o-pu'-ha'-lu-ha'-lu) , 
V. 1. To be loosely fastened; not 
compact. 2. To loosen up; to 
pulverize, as the soil for planting. 

Hoopuhanu (ho'o-pu'-ha'-nu), v. [Con- 
traction of hoopuai hanu.] 1. To 
exhale and rest, as after violent 
effort. 2. To breathe softly and 
easily, as in repose. 

Hoopuholoholo (ho'o-pi"i'-h6'-16-h5'lo), 
V. [Hoo and puholoholo, a steam 
bath.] To cause perspiration by 
steam, to take a steam bath by 
sitting covered beside a vessel 
containing hot water. 

Hoopuipui (ho'o-pu'-i-pu'-i), v. [Hoo 
and puipui, fat.] 1. To make large, 
fat and fleshy, as the body. 2. To 
cause increase of; to make addi- 
tion to by growth. 

Hoopuiwa (ho'o-pu'-i'-wa), v. [Hoo 
and puiwa, to start suddenly.] 1. 
To cause to be suddenly scared; 
to frighteTi; to surprise. 2. To be 
overtaken; to be seized by: ua 
hoopuiwala ke alii kane e ke kuko 
ino. Leieik. p. 37. 

Hoopuka (ho'o-pu'-ka), v. [Hoo and 
puka, an opening.] 1. To cause to 
pass through an orifice, as through 
a doorway or through a hole in a 
fence. 2. To make a substance 
full of holes or chinks. 3. To 
cause to appear in sight, as a 
ship at a distance. 4. To emerge 
to light, as from darkness. 5. To 
publish, as a newspaper. 

Hoopukaku (ho'o-pu'-ka-ku'), v. [Hoo 
and pukaku, to deviate, to go out 
of the way.] 1. To act independ- 
ently. 2. To adhere to another 
and not to one's proper lord: ka! 
kupaianaha, no'u aku kuu aina, 
a hoopukaku oe i kou waiwai ma- 
muli o ke alii. 

Hoopukapuka (ho'o-pu'-ka-pu'-ka), v. 
[Hoo and freq. of puka, to go 
forth, and hoopuka, to cause to go 
out.] 1. To disseminate; to push 
forward; to make prominent. 2. To 
make a profit on goods; to buy 
and sell for profit. 3. To answer 
or reply back and forth; to show 
one's skill in answering again; to 
contradict, as two who are obsti- 
nate in conversation. 4. To trade. 

Hoopukumoa (ho'o-pu'-ku-mo'a), adj. 
Hard-hearted; close-fisted; selfish. 

Hoopukumoa (ho'o-pu'-ku-mo'-a), v. 
[Hoo and puku or hapuku, to 
gather up, to assemble, and moa, 
a hen.] 1. ^Literally: to gather up 
every little thing as a hen 
scratching. 2. To be selfish; to 
regard one's own interests only. 
3. To be covetous, close-fisted, 
niggardly, greedy. 

Hoopulalelale (ho'o-pu'-la'-le-la'le), v. 
[Hoo and pulale, to hurry; to 
scare.] 1. To hurry; to hasten; 
to make a stir in doing a thing. 
2. To urge to the immediate doing 
of something. 

Hoopulapula (ho'o-pu'-la-pu'-la), v. 
[Hoo and pulapula, a shoot or 
sprout of a plant.] 1. To start a 
first growth of; to make a begin- 
ning of seed growth, as in seed 
beds. 2. To multiply by procrea- 

Hoopulelehua (ho'o-pu'-le-le-hu'-a), v. 
[Hoo and pulelehua, a butterfly.] 

1. To blow away, as small bits of 
paper. 2. To act the butterfly; to 
flutter about, as vain, dressy per- 
sons. 3. To talk much with little 

Hoopulou (ho'o-pu'-lo'u), v. [Hoo and 
pulou, to veil the head.] 1. To 
cover the head with a tapa. 2. To 
overspread one's self with any- 
thing that hides the person entirely 
from sight; to be covered. 3. To 
blindfold; to veil; to cover with a 

Hoopulu (ho'o-pu'-lu), V. 1. To de- 
ceive; to act treacherously; to 
take advantage of one by deceit. 

2. To slander for the purpose of 
revenge; to find fault with for 
self advancement. 

Hoopulu (ho'o-pu'-lu), V. 1. [Hoo 
and pulu, decaying vegetable mat- 
ter used for fertilizing.] To ma- 
nure; hoopulu loi. To enrich land 
with vegetable mold. 2. [Hoo and 




pulu, wet.] To make wet; to irri- 
gate; to moisten. 3. To soak; 
to cause to lie in a liquid until the 
substance absorbs the distinctive 
characteristics of the liquid; to 

Hoopulupulu (ho'o-pu'-lu-pu'-lu), adj. 
1. Strong smelling; stinking. 2. 
Deceitful; hypocritical; rotten; 

Hoopulupulu (ho'o-pu'-lii-pu'-lu), v. 
1. To cause a stench; to make 
an offensive smell. 2. To make 
soft, pulpy, rotten, etc. 3. To 

Hoopumehana (ho'o-pu'-me-ha'-na), v. 
[Hoo and pumehana, warm. Also 
written hoopumahana. 1. To 
warm, as by fire; to warm by cov- 
ering with clothes; to warm up, as 
food. 2. To give warmth to; to 
impart gentle heat; to make warm. 

Hoopunahele (ho'o-pu'-na-he'-le), v. 
[Hoo and punahele, a favorite.] 
To mjake a favorite of one; to 
treat one as a favorite; applied 
mostly to chiefs. 

Hoopunahelu (ho'o-pu'-na'-he'lu), v. 
[Hoo and punahelu, mould, spi- 
ders' webs, etc.] To grow mouldy 
or musty; to grow old; cause to 

Hoopunalua (ho'o-pu'-na-lu'-a), v. 
[Hoo and punalua, a partaker in 
common with another in the fav- 
ors of one of the opposite sex.] 
To have, as a man, another wo- 
man beloved equally with his wife ; 
to have, as a woman, another man 
beloved equally with heT husband. 

Hoopunana (ho'o-pu'-na'-na), v. [Hoo 
and punana, to sit on, as a nest.] 
1. To sit like a fowl on eggs to 
hatch them. 2. To hatch eggs by 
warming them. 3. To brood or 
cherish, as a fowl her young. 4. To 
warm, as a person by the fire. 
5. To form a nest for; to settle 
one's self in a new place. 

HoopunI (ho'o-pu'-ni), v. [Hoo and 
puni, to surround.] 1. To come 
around; to surround. 2. To get 
the advantage of; to deceive; to 
beguile; to delude by craft; to 
impose on. 3. To be charmed 
with; to desire much, as the de- 
sire of the sexes. (Laieik. p. 38.) 

Hoopunini (ho'o-pil'-ni'-ni), v. To go 
here and there out of a straight 
course; to tack, as a ship; to sail 
crookedly; to float here and there: 

Ke hoopunini nei no ke alii i ka 

, moana maluna o ka waapa, The 
king floats here and there over the 
ocean in a boat. 

Hoopunipuni (ho'o-pu'-ni-pu'-ni), adj. 
Deceitful; causing deceit; treach- 

Hoopunipuni (ho'o-pu'-ni-pu'-ni), n. 
Deceit; treachery; falsehood; de- 

Hoopunipuni (ho'o-pu'-ni-pu'-ni), v. 

1. To get around one, that is, to 
deceive; hence, to lie; to speak 
falsely. 2. To misrepresent; to 
mislead wilfully; to conceal the 
truth in any manner. 3. To with- 
hold knowledge of in order to lead 
astray. 4. To tempt; to decoy. 
See hoopuni. 

Hoopunoni (ho'o-pu'-no'-ni), v, [Hoo- 
pu for hoopulu, to soak, and noni, 
a tree the root of which is used 
for coloring.] 1. To be or to make 
of a reddish color; to be brown. 

2. To make a dye from the root of 
the noni plant. 3. To color with 
the dye stuff of the noni. 

Hoopunono (ho'o-pu'-n6'-no), v. [Hoo 
and punono, to dress gorgeously.] 
1. To be noble; to dress gorgeous- 
ly. 2. To render attractive with 
bright or scarlet colors. 

Hoopunonohu (ho'o-pu'-n6-no'-hu), v. 
[Hoo and punonohu, to rise as 
smoke.] To rise column-like, as 
smoke in a still atmosphere. 

Hoopuopuo (ho'o-pu-o'-pu-o), v. To 
appear and disappear alternately 
as a light or the crest of a wave. 

Hoopupu (ho'o-pu'-pil'), n. [For hoo- 
j puupuu, hoo and puupuu, to he 
j heaped up.] A collection of things; 
a gathering up. 

Hoopupu (ho'o-pu'-pu'), V. [Hoo and 
pupu, little bunch, cluster or tuft.] 
1. To arrange or lay out in little 
piles or parcels. 2. To cause to 
be disposed in small collections. 
Syn: Hoopuu. 

Hoopupu (ho'o-pu'-pu'), V. To hold 
back; to be unwilling; to be obsti- 
nate; to withhold consent; to re- 
sist or decline solicitation. 

Hoopupue (ho'o-pu'-pu'-e), v. To 
seize upon suddenly. 

Hoopupuka (ho'o-pii'-pu'-ka), v. [Hoo 
and pupuka, having an unsightly 
appearance.] 1. To cause to ap- 
pear unsightly; to make ugly to 
look at. 2. To deform; to dis- 




Hoopupule (ho'o-pu'-pu'-le), v, [Hoo 
and pupule, crazy.] 1. To make, 
one crazy; to be out of one's wits; 
to be insane. 2. To pretend to be 
insane; to imitate a crazy person. 

Hoopuu (ho'o-pu'u), n. Displeasure 
or hostility shown in expression of 
the face; a frown. 

Hoopuu (ho'o-pu'u), V. [Hoo and 
puu, a heap.] 1. To collect to- 
gether; to collect in heaps; to lay 
up in store. 2. To fill up, as the 
be'lly with wind; to fill, as the 
heart with resentment; hoopuu ae 
la au iaia i kana hoahewa ana ia'u. 

Hoopuua (ho'o-pu-u'-a), v. [Puua, to 
be choked.] 1. To cause to be 
filled up or choked; to crowd into 
until too full. 2. To push away; 
to treat with dislike. 3. To be 
choked; to have hard labor, as a 

Hoopuukahua (ho'o-pu'u-ka-hu'a), v. 
To ridicule one's work or words; 
to belittle, to disparage. 

Hoopuupuu (ho'o-pu'u-pu'u), v. [Freq. 
of hoopuu.] To lay in heaps; to 
collect in a number of little heaps. 

Hooua (ho'o-u'-a), v. [Hoo and ua, 
rain.] To give or cause rain. 

Hoouahi (ho*o-u-a'-hi), v. [Hoo and 
uahi, smoke.] To cause smoke, 
steam or vapor; to burst forth, like 

Hoouaua (ho'o-u'-a-u'-a), v. 1. To 
cause to be tough; to make firm. 
2. To be stubborn, obstinate, un- 

Hooueue (ho'o-u'e-u'e), v. [Hoo and 
freq. of ue, to shove along.] To 
cause to move by jerks or shoves; 
to move by pushing or prying. 

Hoouha (ho'o-u'-ha'), v. To eject 
wind from the stomach; to belch. 

Hoouhalu (ho'o-u-ha'-lu), v, [Hoo and 
uhalu, weak from hunger.] 1. To 
be weak; to become enfeebled, de- 
bilitated, etc. 2. To become faint 
or to lack strength from hunger; 
to be very hungry. 

Hoouhauha (ho'o-u'-ha-u'-ha'), v. To 
pretend fatigue; to hold out the 
appearance of being exhausted. 

Hoouhenehene (ho'o-u'-he'-ne-he'-ne), 
V. [Hoo and (u)henehene, to 
mock.] To laugh secretly at one; 
to mock ironically, 

Hoouhi (ho'o-ii'-hi), v. [Hoo and uhi, 
to cover up.] To overspread; to 
cover up; to wrap up; to put out 
of sight by covering. 

Hoouhiuhi (ho'o-u'-hi-u'-hi), v. [Hoo 
and freq. of uhi, to cover.] 1. To 
cover up; to conceal in various 
ways; to cover over; to withhold 
from knowledge of; to equivocate. 
2. To use ambiguous language 
with a view to mislead. 

Hoouhuhi (ho'o-u'-hii-hi), v. To an- 
noy; to tease; to trouble; to vex. 

Hoouiul (ho'o-u*i-u*i), v. To make 

Hoouka (ho'o-u'-ka), adj. Pertaining 
to battle; la hoouka, day of battle; 
day of attack. 

Hoouka (ho'o-u'-ka), v. 1. To put or 
lay upon, as to a horse or other 
animal; to put on board a canoe 
or vessel; to freight; to send prop- 
erty by ship. 2. To attack; to 
make an attack; to rush upon, as 
in battle. 

Hooukall (ho'o-u'-ka'-li), v. [Hoo and 
ukali, to follow.] 1. To cause to 
follow; to follow after; to accom- 
pany by following. 2. To try to 
follow; to try to go after: I hoou- 
kall aku nei hoi au ia mea ma, 
kipaku nui mai nei nae, I tried to 
follow — but they all drove me back. 

Hooukana (ho'o-fi'-ka'-na), v. [Hoo 
and ukana, movable property. 1. To 
bundle up or pack movable goods. 
2. To cause to be conveyed or 

Hooukauka (ho'o-ii'-ka-u'-ka), v. 
[Freq. of hoouka, to attack, to 

HooukI (ho'o-u'-ki), v. [Hoo and ukl, 
to irritate.] To provoke; to do 
that which will offend. 

Hooukluki (ho'o-u'-ki-u'-ki), v. [Hoo 
and ukluki, to offend.] To cause 
one to be offended; to insult. 

Hoouku (ho'o-u'-ku), n. [Hoo and 
uku, to pay.] The imposing of a 
penalty; the act of de-claring a 
fine or tax. 

Hoouku (ho'o-u'-ku), v. [Hoo and 
uku, reward.] 1. To cause pay- 
ment to be made. 2. To impose a 
fine or a tax. 3. To cause a re- 

Hooulaulauaka (ho'o-u'-la'-u-la'-u-a'- 
ka), n. 1. To express sexual de- 
light or gratification vociferously. 
2. To enjoy, as the union of the 

Hooule (ho'o-u'-le), v. To form a 
tenon; to sharpen the end of a 
piece of wood, fit for insertion into 
a mortise. 




Hoouleule (ho'o-u'-le-u'-le), v. [Hoo 
and uleule, hanging.] 1. To cause 
to swing; to hang pendulous; to 
crook or turn down. 

Hoouli (ho'o-u'-li), v. [Hoo and uli, 
to be dark colored.] To make 
black; to darken; to make green, 
as the sea; as a forest. 

Hoouliuli (ho'o-u'-li-u'-li), v. Inten- 
sive of hoouli. 

Hooulu (ho'o-u'-lu), V. [Hoo and ulu, 
to grow, as a vegetable.] 1. To 
cause to grow, as seeds planted; 
to sprout. 2. To stir up; to cause 
disturbance; to create a tumult. 
3. To rouse to action; to inspire 
with courage or hope. 

Hooulua (ho'o-u-lu'-a), v. [Hoo and 
ulua, to assemble.] 1. To collect; 
to assemble together, as men; to 
collect, as things. 

Hooulua (ho'o-u'-lu-a'), v. [Hoo and 
ulua, to assemble.] 1. To call in 
song or speech to united action. 
2. To cause a multitude to be of 
one accord through argument; to 
create harmony where disagree- 
ment previously prevailed. 

Hoouluhua (ho*o-u'-lu-hu'-a), v. [Hoo 
and uluhua, displeased.] To give 
trouble; to weary; to vex; to op- 
press; to wear out the patience of 
one; mai hoouluhua i ke keiki. 

Hooululu (ho'o-ii-lu-lu), v. 1. To call 
on the gods for help. 2. To call or 
implore the gods to possess or to 
control the will of; e hooululu 

Hooulumahiehie (ho'o-ti'-lti-ma'-hi'-e- 
hi'-e), V. [Hoo and ulumahlehle, to 
make a fine appearance.] 1. To 
cause to appear in attractive form ; 
to array in showy attire. To dec- 
orate or adorn in a manner to at- 
tract admiration. 

Hoouluulu (ho'o-u'-lu-u'-lu), v. [Hoo 
and uluulu, to collect.] To collect 
together, as men or things; to as- 
semble in one place. 

V. 1. To cause to be possessed 
with the spirit or power of the 
gods; to be possessed of disem- 
bodied spirits. 2. To set up one's 
self for a god; to make preten- 
sions of being a god. 3. To make 
or appoint gods; to invest with the 
attributes of a god. Syn: Hoo- 
nohonoho akua. 

H oou i u u I u waa ( ho'o-u'-lu-u'-lu-wa'a ) , 
V. [Hoo, freq. of ulu, to collect, 
and waa, canoe.] To collect many 
canoes in one place. 

HooumikI (ho'o-u'-mi'-ki), v. [Hoo 
and umlkl, to pinch.] To pinch or 
squeeze slyly. 

Hooumikimiki (ho'o-u'-mi'-ki-mi'-ki), 
V. Intensive of hooumiki. 

Hooumu (ho'o-u'-mu), v. 1. To pile 
up; to store away; to dump. 2. 
To make an earth oven (umu or 

Hoouna (ho'o-u'-na), v. 1. To cause 
to go; to send on. 2. Cause to be 
conveyed; to transmit. 

Hoounauna (ho'o-u'-na-u'-na), v. 1. To 
order; to command; to issue or- 
ders, as an overseer or superin- 
tendent. 2. To ask or urge to do 
a thing: Aole o'u manao e hoouna- 
una aku ia olua. (Laieik. p. 21.) 
3. To perform some part in the 
hoopiopio or anaana, as to call on 
the gods to eat up (figuratively), 
kill or destroy. 

Hooune (ho'o-u'-ne), v. [Hoo and 
une, to pry up.] 1. To pry up, as 
with a lever; to lift by prying. 
2. To shove or push by starts, as 
in moving something heavy. (A 
better form is houne.) 

Hoouneune (ho'o-u'-ne-u'-ne), v. 
[Freq. of hooune.] 1. To pry up. 
2. To incite; to urge on. 

Hoounoo (ho'o-u'-no'o), v. 1. To 
cause to be partly cooked. (Ap- 
plied only to flesh of animals used 
for food.) 2. To be raw; to be 
red, as raw meat. 

Hoounounoo (ho'o-\i-no'u-no'o), v. [In- 
tensive of hoounoo.] To be not 
wholly cooked. 

Hooupuupu (ho'o-u'-pQ-u'-pu), v. [Hoo 
and upu, to desire.] 1. To cause 
to desire strongly; to incite a long- 
ing for. 2. To threaten; to fright- 
en; to scare with false alarm. 

Hoouwa (ho'o-u'-wa'), v. [Hoo and 
uwa, to shout.] To cause to cry 
out; to create a shout; .to make 

Hoouwaa (ho'o-u'-wa'a), v. [Hoo and 
uwaa, to excavate.] 1. To cause 
to be open. 2. To make a free en- 
trance, etc., as a harbor: e komo 
no na moku manuwa iloko o na 
awa a pau 1 hoouwaa ia. 

Hoouwahl (ho'o-u'-wa'-hi), v. [Hoo 
and uwahi, for uahl, smoke.] 1. To 
cause smoke; to emit smoke. 2. To 




apply smoke to; to disinfect, cure, 
dry, etc., by smoke. 

Hoouwauwa (ho'o-u'-wa'-u-wa'), v. 
Intensive of hoouwa, to shout. 

Hoouwe (ho'o-u'-we'), v. [Hoo and 
uwe, to cry.] 1. To cause to cry; 
to make one cry. 2. To cause one 
to cry; to cry out for pain or grief. 

Hoouweke (ho'o-ii-we'-ke), v. To 
cause or make a very little aper- 
ture or opening, cleft or gap, etc. 

Hoouwene (ho'o-u'-we'-ne), v. 1. To 
speak in a small, shrill voice, like 
a weak or dying person. 2. To 
talk with low, squeaky voice, as 
when possessed with the spirit of 
an akua or god. 

V. (Freq. of hoouwene.) 

Hoouweuwe (ho'o-u-we'-ii-we'), v. 1. 
To cry out frequently. 2. To 
cause the mere sound of crying; 
to feign crying: to pretend to cry. 

Hoouwewe (ho'o-u-we'-we), v. 1. To 
be fickle, 2. To move about; to 
shake. Syn: Hooueue. 3. To put 
on airs; to display ostentatiously, 

Hoouwiki (ho'o-u-wi'-ki), v. [Hoo 
and uwiki.] To cause to shine 
through small holes. 

Hoouwiuwi (ho'o-u'-wi'-u-wi), n. The 
broad-leaf kamani, also called uwi- 

Hoouwiuwi (ho'o-u-wi'-u-wi), v. [Hoo 
and uwi, to wring; to twist.] 1. To 
wring; to squeeze; to twist. 2. To 
squeak, as new shoes; to grind, as 
the teeth, 

HoouwiuwikI (ho'c-u-wl'-u-wi'-ki), v, 

1. To gleam; to shoot rays of light, 
as through small apertures, 2, To 
shine with intermittent light; to 
twinkle, as the stars, 

Hoowa (ho'-o-wa'), v. [Ho(o) and 
owa, to split open.] 1. To cause 
to vomit; to make sick at the 
stomach; to flow off, 2, To cause 
to burst open lengthwise; to split; 
to make a cleft; to cause an open- 
ing by splitting, 

Hoowaa . (ho'o-wa'a), v. [Hoo and 
waa, a canoe.] 1, To make a 
proper form or pattern of a canoe 

2, To dig a trench for planting, 
Hoowaha (ho'o-wa'-ha), adj. Having 

a disposition to take another's 
property; greedy; he hoowaha, he 
alunu, he hao wale no, 
Hoowaha (ho'o-wa'-ha), v, [Hoo and 
waha, a bundle.] 1. To covet; to 
seize; to take with the knowledge. 

but without the consent of the 
owner. Syn: Hookaha. 2. To 
cause to be carried on one's back. 

Hoowahawaha (ho'o-wa'-ha-wa-ha'), v. 
[Hoo and waha, mouth.] 1, To 
make mouths at, 2, To treat with 
contempt; to ridicule, 3, To hate; 
to dislike; to have a contemptuous 
dislike of. 

Hoowahi (ho'o-wa'-hi), v. [Hoo and 
wahi, to break; wawahi, to break 
up.] To grind or break to pieces; 
to cause to break. 

Hoowahine (ho'o-wa'-hi'-ne), v. [Hoo 
and wahine, woman.] 1, To make 
special friendship with a woman; 
applied only to men. 2, To imi- 
tate, as a man, the manners of a 

Hoowahu (ho'o-wa'-hu), v. [Hoo and 
wahu, to take by force,] To lie in 
wait either to kill or rob. (Obso- 
lete,) Syn: Hoohalua, 

Hoowahua (ho'o-wa-hu'-a), v, [Hoo 
and wahua, a snare; a trap.] 1. To 
ensnare; to entrap. 2. To misrep- 
resent for the purpose of leading 
astray. 3. To entrap or lead on to 
downfall by verbal misrepresenta- 

Hoowai (ho'o-wai). Incorrect form 
of hoouwai, v. To move; to move 
by pushing or sliding along the 
surface of solid matter. 

Hoowai ho (ho'o-wa'i-ho), v. [Hoo and 
waiho, to lay down.] 1. To leave*, 
to quit, 2, To ignore; to shun. 
3, To leave exposed, as a woman 
her shame; eia kekahi mea e moe- 
kolohe ai, o ka hoowaiho. 

Hoowaihowale (ho'o-wa'i-ho-wa'-le), v. 
[Hoo, waiho, to leave, to let re- 
main, and wale, with nothing or as 
may happen.] To cause to be un- 
covered; to make an exposure of; 
to deprive of concealment; to lay 
open; to sit in a state of nudity; 
to expose one's shame. Syn: Hoo- 

Hoowaiwai (ho'o-wa'i-wa'i), v. [Hoo 
and waiwai, property.] 1. To make 
rich; to have a supply; to be 
abundantly provided for; hence, 
2. To increase the possessions of, 

Hoowalehau (ho'o-wa'-le-ha'u), v. 
[Hoo and waiehau, a slimy sub- 
stance extracted from hau bark.] 
1. To cause to be waiehau, slip- 
pery; to be unstable; to be fickle; 
to be entertaining or enticing in 




the use of language. 2. To befool 
with allusive words; to delude. 

Hoowalewale (ho'o-wa'-le-wa'-le), n. 
1. The deceiver; the tempter. 2. A 
tempting; a temptation. 3, Be- 
witchery; a bewitchment. 4. A 
consulter with familiar spirits. 

Hoowalewale (ho'o-wa'-le-wa'-le), v. 
[Hoo and walewale, to deceive.] 

1. To deceive; to ensnare. 2. To 
tempt; to bewitch; to charm; to 
fascinate to such a degree as to 
take away the power of resistance. 

Hoowalewalenahesa ( ho'o-wa'le-wa'- 
le-na-he'-ka), V. [Hoowalewale and 
nahesa, which should be written 
separately.] 1. In the original 
translation of the Bible into Ha- 
waiian the two words are joined 
and rendered: "To exercise en- 
chantment." 2. To reveal things 
by communication with departed 

Hoowali (ho'o-wa'-li), v. To mix; 
to blend. 

Hoowehiwehi (ho'o-we'-hi-we'-hi), v. 
[Hoo and wehlwehi, adorning; 
wehl, a wreath.] 1. To gather 
decorations for ornament. 2. To 
prepare ornaments for a person; 
to decorate. 

Hoowela (ho'o-we'-la), v. [Hoo and 
wela, heat.] 1. To burn; to cause 
to be burned or scorched. 2. To 
heat in the fire. 3. To excite emo- 
tion; to arouse passion. 

Hoowelawela (ho'o-we'-la-we'-la), v. 
[Hoo and wela, to burn.] 1. To 
burn up; to consume with heat. 

2. To heat; to inflame with 
anger; to madden. 

Hooweliweli (ho'o-we'-li-we'-li), adj. 
[Hoo and weliwell, fear.] 1. Fear- 
ful; threatening; having the qual- 
ity of exciting fear; he ao hoo- 
weliweli, a threatening cloud. 
2. Exciting fear for any purpose. 

Hooweliweli (ho'o-we'-li-we'-li), n. 
1. A causing of fear; a threat; 
menace. 2. A denunciation. 

Hooweliweli (ho'o-we'-li-we'-li), v. 
[Hoo and weliweli, fear.] To 
cause fear; to frighten; to alarm; 
to terrify. 

HoowikiwikI (ho'o-wi'-ki-wl'-ki), v. 
[Hoo and wiki, quick.] To cause 
to hasten; to hurry; to cause to 
do a thing quickly. 

Hoowili (ho'o-wi'-li), n. A school or 
shoal, as applied to a multitude. In 
Hawaiian it refers only to habi- 

tants of the sea. Ua ikeia mai nei 
he hoowili iheihe, A school of ihe- 
ihe has just been seen. Syn: 

Hoowili (ho'o-wl'-li), v. [Hoo and 
wili, to twist. 1. To cause a turn- 
ing; to causs a movement in the 
form of a circle. 2. To wind; to 
coil or twine. 

Hoowili (ho'-o-wi'-li), v. [Ho(o) and 
owili, to roll or fold up.] To 
cause to be rolled up, as a blanket; 
to make a roll, as of tapa, paper, 

Hoowilimoo (ho'o-wi'-li-mo'o), n. (A 
modern word.) Name applied to 
the quadrille dance, traced to the 
steps and movements of the 
dance. The better orthography is 

Hoowili wili (ho'o-wI'-li-wTMi), v. 
[Hoo and wili, to bind] 1. To 
bind or tie up tightly; to tie up in 
bundles. 2. To assemble) and tie 
in a single pack or bundle. 3. To 
cause to spin or turn round rapid- 
ly. 4. Same as hoolauwili; to cause 
to twist; to be inconstant, etc. 

Hoowiuwiu (ho'o-wi'u-wi'u), v. [Hoo 
and intensive of wiu, dirty.] 1. To 
make filthy; to besmear. 2. To 
make foul; to soil. 3. To cause to 
be entangled; to entangle, as a 

Hopala (ho'-pa'-la), v. 1. To daub; 
to blot out by discoloring. 2. To 
paint; to besmear. 3. To blame 
one who is innocent; to defame; 
to smirch the reputation of. 

Hopalapala (ho'-pa'-la-pa'-la), v. 
[Freq. of hopala.] To besmear. 

Hopapau (ho'-pa-pa'u), n. Incorrect 
form of hoopapau. 1. Ardent de- 
sire; fervor; a persevering; per- 
sistence in the pursuit of anything. 
2. An expression of intense emo- 
tional activity persisted in, as 
thinking continuously or moodily 
on a subject, like grief, love, acqui- 
sition of an object, etc. 

Hope (ho'-pe), adj. 1. Ending; last: 
na olelo hope, the last words; na 
hope ole, without result; without 
consequence or effect. 2. Late; 
coming after something else; tar- 
dy. 3. Not long past; recent; 
next to. 

Hope (ho'-pe), adv. 1. Recently. 
2. Tardily; slowly; backward; be- 




Hope (ho'-pe), n. 1. The end; the 
limit; the finishing; the result, as 
of a course of conduct. 2. Termi- 
nation; conclusion; death. 3, Pur- 
pose; object; result. He aha ka 
hope? What is the result? 4. 
Hindmost part; the rear. 5. A 
substitute; one who engages to 
answer or act for another; a legal 
surety; bondsman. 

Hopena (ho'-pe'-na), n. 1. The end- 
ing; the conclusion; the bringing 
to a close. 2. The ending up of 
anything. In a specific sense, the 
close of life. 

Hopepe (ho'-pe-pe), adj. 1. Humble; 
depressed; downtrodden, as the 
people of a cruel chief; o ko ke 
kuaaina noho ana, he hopepe, he 
hopohopo, he wiwo wale me ka 
makau; he hopepe ke ano o na 
kuaaina. 2. Disconsolate; dis- 

Hopepe (ho'-pe-pe), v. 1. To be cast 
down in spirits; to be disheart- 
ened. 2. To conduct one's self in 
a cringing manner as in fear or 

Hopepoo (ho'-pe-po'o), n. [Hope, rear, 
and poo, the head.] 1. The back 
part of the head. 2. Name of 
one supplying the place of an ab- 
sent superior or head. 

Hop'ilo (ho-pi'-lo), V. Same as opilo. 
1. To relapse after a partial re- 
covery from sickness. 2. To be 
often sick. 

Hopilole (ho'-pi-lo'-le), v. To eat 
slowly and carefully, as a sick 
person. Syn: Niole. 

Hopo (ho'-po), V. To lack courage; 
to be fearful of what may be com- 
ing; to be overawed. 

Hopohopo (ho'-p6-ho'-po), adj. Timid; 
having the sense of fear. 

Hopohopo (ho'-p6-ho'-po), n. An im- 
pression of impending evil; dread; 
the feeling of fear; awe. 

Hopohopo (ho'-p6-ho'-po), v. Freq. 
or intensive of hopo, to fear. 

Hopu (ho'-pu), n. A taking; a seiz- 
ing; a catching of one. 

Hopu (ho'-pu), V. 1. To seize upon, 
as something escaping; to grasp; 
to catch. 2. To take, as a prison- 
er; to apprehend, as a criminal. 
3. To hold fast, as something 

Hopue (ho'-pu'-e), n. A tree, the 
bark of which, like the olona, is 
made into strings, cords, etc.; 

probably the opuhe described by 
Dr. Hillebrand as a plant yielding 
a most valuable fiber. 

Hopu hopu (ho'-pii-ho'-pu), v. [Freq. 
of hopu.] To seize; to grasp fre- 
quently; to catch one after another. 

Hopuhopualulu (ho'-pu-ho'-pu-a'-lu'-lu), 
n. Confusion begotten of overmuch 

Hopuhopualulu (ho'-pii-ho'-pii-a'-lii'-lu) , 
V. [Hopuhopu, to seize, and alulu, 
hastily.] 1. To do something in a 
state of trepidation. 2. To act so 
hastily as to create confusion. 

Hopuhopuaukela (ho'-pu-ho'-pu-a'u- 
ke'-la), adj. Amorous. 

Hopuhopuaukela (ho'-pu-ho'-pu-au'- 
ke'-la), V. To jostle or scramble 
to satisfy intense desire of. 

Hopupu (ho'-pu-pu'), V. To be emo- 
tionally agitated; to be disturbed 
or excited through the organs of 
sense, as love, hatred, lust, etc. 

Hora (ho'-ra), n. [Lat.] An hour; a 
particular time; a measure of time. 

Hosana (ho'-sa'-na), interj. [Heb.] 
An exclamation of praise to God; 

Hosana (ho'-sa'-na), n. [Heb.] An 
acclamation or ascription of 
praise; hosanna. 

Hou (hou), adj. 1. New; recent; 
previously unknown. 2. Fresh; not 

Hou (hou), adv. Again; recently; 
lately done. 

Hou (hou), adv. Again; recently; 
anew; afresh. 

Hou (hou), n. 1. Sweat; perspira- 
tion. 2. A species of fish of the 
coral reefs and warm currents, 
chiefly deep green and blue. 
(Thalassoma purpureum). Called 
also palaea, olale or olani, and 

Hou (h5u), V. 1. [Hou, new.] To 
be new; to be fresh; to be recent. 
2. To push forward; to thrust; to 
shove. 3. To stab, as with pointed 
instrument. 4. To reach after, as 
in thought action: Hou wale aku 
la ka manao i o, i o, e ake e loaa, 
Thought pushes hither and thither 
in desire to discover. 

Hou (ho'-u'), V. To moisten or soak 
or dip in liquid. 

Houhou (ho'u-ho'u), v. [Freq. of hou, 
to pierce.] 1. To thrust or piece 
frequently; to bore through, as in 
drilling. 2. To be persevering; to 
continue doing a thing. 




Houluulu (ho'-u'-lu-u'-lu), n. 1. An 
assembly; a convocation. 2. An 
aha or religious assembly. 

Houluulu (ho'-u'-lu-u'-lu), v. [For 
hoouluulu, hoo and ulu, to grow.] 

1. To collect; to assemble; as 
people. 2. To bring together 
things scattered. 3. To cause an 

Houmeke (ho'-u-me'-ke), v. [For hoo- 
umeke, hoo and umeke, a poi cal- 
abash.] 1. To swell in growing 
like the calabash gourd; to swell, 
as fruit in growing. 2. To have 
enough; to be supplied with com- 
forts; to be well off. Literally, to 
be filled, as a calabash is filled. 

Houpepe (ho'-u-pe'-pe), v. [Ho(o) 
and upepe, to be flat or flattened; 
pepe, crushed; bruised.] 1. To be 
modest; to be bashful; to act as a 
backwoodsman; to be diffident. 

2. To be crushed, as the mind; to 
be made flat; to make flat. 

Houpo (ho'u-po), n. 1. The dia- 
phragm; the region of the heart. 
(Laieik. p. 45.) 2. A palpitation 
or fluttering of the heart. 3. The 
action of the mind: Lelele ka 
houpo i ka olioli. The mind (or 
heart) leaped for joy. 

Houpolewalewa (hou-po-le'-wa-le'-wa) , 
n. 1. A hungry, empty stomach. 
2. Faintne-ss for want of food. 

Houpolewalewa (ho'u-p6-le'-wa-le'-wa), 
V. [Houpo, diapraghm, and lewa- 
lewa, movable.] 1. To be flat or 
empty, as the stomach of a hungry 
person. 2. To be hungry; to be 
dizzy for want of food. 3. To be 
light or empty, as the stomach. 

Houpuupu (ho'-u'-pu-u'-pu), v. To 
surmise, or look for without cer- 
tain knowledge: houpuupu mai nei 
ke kapena e hopuia ana o A. 

Houweke (ho'-u'-we'-ke), v. 1. To 
uncover or open by a shove or 
side-push. 2. To open and shut 
very little, just enough to look in 
or out; to tilt. 

HouwikI (ho'-u-wi'-ki), v. [Ho(o) 
and uwiki, a gleam or ray of light 
as seen through a small crevice.] 
To open a little; to make a small 
aperture; to let in the light, 

Hu (hu), adj. Fermentable. 

Hu (hu), n. 1. That which causes 
rising, leaven. 2. A class of the 
common people, nearly syn. with 
makaainana: e ka hu, e na maka- 
ainana, etc. (Laieik. p. 21.) O 

ka poe hemahema a naaupo, ua ka- 
paia lakou he hu ka inoa, he ma- 
kaainana kahi inoa. 3. A noise; 
a rustling, as the wind among 
trees. (Laieik. p. 104.) 4. A top; 
hu kani, a humming-top. 

Hu (hu), V. 1. To rise or swell up 
as, leaven or new poi; to effer- 
vesce. 2. To run over, as water 
overflows. 3. To burst forth, as 
lava, or water from the rock. 4. To 
percolate as moisture through 
rock, sand or earth. 5. To break 
forth in mental agitation. 6. To 
depart from a proper course; to 
miss one's way. 

Hua (hu-a'), adj. [From huwa, envy.] 
Envious; jealous. 

Hua (hu'-a), n. 1. The twelfth night 
after the new moon, the thirteenth 
day of the old Hawaiian month. 
2. A producing; that which is pro- 
duced; offspring. 3. Effect; that 
which follows from a cause. 4. A 
watchword; password; rallying 
cry. 5. Testicle; Syn: Opea. 6. 
Modernized, a letter or letters that 
spell the words of a language. 
7. Fruit; fruitage. 8. Egg; ovum; 

Hua (hu-a'). Same as huwa, n. Envy. 

Hua (hu'a), n. 1. A flowing. 2. The 
trail of a pa-u; the trail of a gar- 
ment; the tucks at the bottom of 
a gown. 2. The snapper of a 

Hua (hfi'a), v. 1. To froth; to 
make frothy. 2. To make a bor- 
der or trimming: E hua mai hoi 
oe i kuu holoku. Please make a 
border for my holoku or gown. 

Hua (hu'-a), v. 1. To sprout; to 
bud; to bear fruit, as a tree or 
vegetable. 2. To grow or increase 
as fruit; to increase, as a people; 
to be fruitful. 

Hua (hu-a'), v. Incorrect form of 
huwa, to envy 

Huaa (hu'a'a). 
i huwa, to envy. 

I Huaaelo (hu'-a-a'e-lo), adj. Unfruit- 
ful; barren; not fertile. See aelo. 

Huaaelo (hu'-a-a'e-lo), n. [Hua, egg, 
and aelo, stale.] An infertile egg. 

Huaai (hu'-a-a'i), n. [Hua, fruit, and 
al, to eat.] Fruit to eat; any fruit 
that may be eaten as food. 

Huaale (hfi'-a-a'-le), n. [Hua, seed, 
and ale, to swallow.] A pill; a 
medicine in the form of a little 
ball, to be swallowed whole. 

Incorrect form of 




Huabale (hu'-a-pa'-le), n. [Hua, fruit, 
and bale (Eng.), barley.] The 
grain of barley, or simply barley. 

Huae (hu-a'e),v. [Ae, an adverb, de- 
scribes the action of the verb hu, 
to rise.] To rise and flow over. 

Huaelo (hu'-a'e-lo), v. [Hua, egg, and 
elo, wet, as a tapa; hence, rotten; 
worthless; see also huaaelo.] To 
be or become useless, worthle-ss or 
in vain; E malama hoi, o huaelo 
ka hihi o ka hooikaika ana, beware, 
lest the weariness in perseverance 
be in vain. 

Huafiku (hu'a-pi'-ku), n. [Hua and 
fiku (Eng.), fig.] A fig; the fruit 
of the fig tree. 

Huahaule (hu'-a-ha'-ii'-le), adj. [Hua, 
fruit and haule, to drop; to fall.] 
1. Lit. Seed or fruit fallen; pre- 
maturely born; hence, 2. Friend- 
le'ss; without support; no means 
of living; set loose from any chief 
or parent. 3. Bastard. 

Huahaule (hu'-a-ha'-u'-le), n. 1. One 
prematurely born; an orphan. 2. 
Illegitimate child. 

Huahaulelani (hu'-a-ha'-u'-lo-la'-ni), n. 
A species of sweet potato, so called 
from its spontaneous growth as if 
from lani or heaven; a species of 
wild potato. 

Huahaulewale (hu'-a-ha-u'-le-wa'-Ie), 
n. 1. The potato produced from the 
extended stem or vine as distin- 
guished from the product in the 
hill. 2. An illegitimate; an unlaw- 
ful or improper production. 

HuahekJII (hu'-a-he'-kl'-li), n. [Hua, 
egg. and hekili, thunder. Lit. A 
thunder egg.] 1. A hail stone; 
hail. (Thunder generally occurs 
during hail storms on the moun- 
tains of Hawaii, hence the suppo- 
sition that hail was produced by 
thunder.) 2. The seed of a plant 
used in medicine, called also ho- 
awa or papaahekili. 

Huahua (hu'a-hu'a), n. Foam or 
froth; an aggregation of bubbles. 

Huahua (hu'a-hu'a), v. [Freq. of 
hua, foam.] To gather foam; to 

Huahuaalau (hu'-a-hu'-a-a'-lau), n. 1. 
A seeking or searching for by 
interrogating. 2. A deceiving; an 
endeavor to e-nsnare one by ask- 
ing questions; a tempting one to 
say what would incriminate one's 

Huahuaalau (hu'-a-hu'-a-a'-la'u), v. 1. 
To question with a design to en- 
tangle; to put one to the torture. 
2. To interrogate for the purpose 
of eliciting the truth. 
I Huahuaanala (hu'-a-hu'-a-ana-la'), v. 
I Same as huahuaanalau. 

Huahuaanalau (hu'-a-hu'-a-ana-lau'), 
i V. Same as hoohuahuaalau, to 
! question; to interrogate. (Obso- 

Huahuae (hu'-a-hu'-a'e), n., v. Same 
as huahuai. 

Huahua! (hu'-a-hu'-a'i), n. 1. A violent 
boiling; a frequent opening. 2. 
Rattling noise. 

Huahuai (hu'-a-hu'-a'i), v. [Freq. of 
huai, to open, uncover, etc.] 1. 
To boil up, as water in a spring; 
to rise in bubbles. 2. To break 
up; to break forth, as water. 3. 
To open frequently that liquid 
may flow. 4. To open and shut 
in a noisy manner. 

Huahuakai (hii'a-hu'a-ka'i), n. 1. A 
sponge. 2. Sea foam; crest of 
ocean wave as it breaks into foam. 

Huahuanana (hu'a-hu'a-na'-na), n. 
[Huahua, froth, and nana, for lana, 
to float.] Lit. Floating froth. A 
reproaching; making use of re- 
proachful epithets; calling one an 
ignorant nothing. 

Huahuwa (hu'-a-hu'-wa'), n. Envy. 

Huai (hu'-a'i), v. 1. To dig out of 
the ground; to break up ground. 
2. To unclose and take out of; to 
disinter. 3. To uncover an imu or 
native oven: Huai oia i kana imu 
iho. He uncovered his own oven. 
4. To make known something con- 
cealed or kept secret. 

Huaka (hu'-a'-ka), adj. 1. Clear as 
crystal; clear as pure water, etc.; 
bright; white; shining. 2. Daz- 
zling; flashing. 

Huakahi (hu'-a-ka'-hi), adj. One 
alone; single. 

Huakahi (hu'-a-ka'-hi), n. A single 
thing or person. 

Huakai (hu'a-ka'i), n. 1. The foam 
of the sea. 2. A sponge. Same 
as huahuakai. 

Huakai (hu-a-ka'i), n. A large com- 
pany traveling together. 

Huakai (hu'a-ka'i), v. [Hua, foam, 
and kai, sea.] To make white, 
as the foam on the crest of a 
breaker or wave. 

Huakaihele (hu'-a-ka'i-he'-le), n. Mov- 
ing procession; a number of per- 




sons traveling together in orderly 
form; a troop. 
Huakapu (hu'a-ka'-pu), n. 1. Some- 
thing consecrated to a purpose; 
anything laid under an interdict or 
tabu by chiefs in ancient Hawaii. 
Literally, the edge or margin that 
surrounds an alii kapu or high 
chief. 2. The night when the final 
instructions are imparted to a 
group of trained dancers. 

Huake (hu'-a-ke'), adj. 1. Full; 
plump, as a healthy man. 2. Well 
proportioned, as a properly mod- 
eled canoe. 

Huakeeo (hu'-a-ke-e'-o), adj. Stub- 
born; headstrong; not content; 

Huakeeo (hu'-a-k5-e'-o), n. [Hua, 
that whiclv results, and keeo, dis- 
satisfaction.] Displeasure; anger; 

Huakeu (hu-a-ke'u), adj. Upright; 
honest; just. 

Huakineto (hu'-a-ki-ne'-to), n, [Gr.] 
A hyacinth, name of a precious 

Huaku (hiV-a-ku'), adj. 1. In a good 
sense: fearless; bold: he kanaka 
huaku, wiwo ole; he olelo huaku 
ma ka pono, a speech fearless for 
the right. 2. In a bad sense: bold; 
impudent. 3. Also used for hua- 
keu, upright; honest; just. 

Huakukui (hu'-a-ku'-ku'-i), n. 1. Nut 
of the kukui or candle nut tree. 
2. Fish when they swim with the 
head on the surface of the water, 
so called from their resemblance 
to floating kukui nuts. 

Huaiake (hu-a'-la-ke'), adv. Loosely: 
nakinaki huaiake, to tie loosely. 

Huaiake (hu-a'-la-ke'), v. 1. To tie 
or bind loosely; to fasten with 
rope or cord in such manner that 
the fastening may easily be 
loosened. 2. To swell out; to be 
large; to be round; to be full. 
See huake. 

Hualala (hu'-a-la'-la), adj. 1. In the 
form of a section of a circle; 
oval; curved. 2. Warped; twisted 
out of shape, applied to surfaces. 

Hualalai (hfi'-a-la-la'i), n. Name of 
a mountain on the western side of 

Hualele (hu'-a-le'-le), n. [Hua, seed, 
and lele, to fly.] 1. The seeds 
of the plant laulele. 2. Hernia. 

Huali (hu'-a'-li), adj. 1. Bright; 
clean, as a substance polished; 

bright; polished; pure white; lole 
huali, very white cloth; shining. 
2. In a moral sense, pure; unde- 
filed; morally good; applied to the 
heart. 3. Glittering. Kuu pahi- 
kaua huali, my glittering sword. 

Huali (hu'-a'-li), v. 1. To be bright, 
as polished metal; to be clean; 
to glitter with whiteness or purity, 
as a garment. 2. To burst forth 
with sudden transient light. 

Hualii (hu'-a-li'i), adj. [Hua, fruit, 
and lii, little.] Descriptive of the 
inferior fruit left over after the 
harvest is reaped; small; diminu- 

Hualii (hu'-a-li'i), n. Runt. 

Hualili (hu'-a-li'-li), n. [Hua, fruit, 
and lili, contraction of malili, with- 
ered, shriveled, wilted, etc.] De- 
generate or blasted fruit; fruitage 
that fails of reaching maturity. 

Hualele (hu'a-lo'-le), n. [Hua and 
lole, cloth.] The trimmings or 
border appendages of a garment. 

Hualu (hu'-a'-lu), n. [Hu and alu, 
loose.] 1. A slight viscous mem- 
brane that affects the eye. 2. The 
loose skin under the eyeball. 

Huamele (hu'-a-me'-le), n. [Hua, let- 
ter, and mele, to sing.] The notes 
in music; a modern term. 

Huamoa (hu'-a-mo'-a), n. [Hua, egg, 
and moa, a fowl.] 1. A hen's egg. 
2. The round bone that enters the 
socket of the hip. 3. A species 
of yellow sweet potato, so called 
from its resemblance to the yellow 
part of an egg. 

Huanoni (hu'-a-no'-ni), n. [Hua, 
fruit, and noni, a shrub, Morinda 
citrifolia.] The fruit or the apple 
of the noni, which was used as 
medicine: He kaua huanoni kekahi; 
some fought with noni apples. 

Huaole (hu'-a-6'-le), adj. [Hua, fruit, 
and ole, to be not.] Fruitless; 
worthless; of no account; without 
character, applied to persons. 

Huaolelo (hu'-a-o-le'-lo), n. A single 

Huapalaoa (hu'-a-pa-la'-S-a), n. [Hua, 
seed, and palaoa, (Eng.) flour, 
bread.] The seed of bread, that is, 

Huapalaoaeleele (hu'-a-pa-la'-6-§,-e'-le- 
e'-le), n. [Huapalaoa, wheat, and 
eleele, dark colored.] Rye, as dis- 
tinct from wheat. 




Huapoo (hu'-a-po'o), n. 1. The bones 
on the sides of the head. 2. The 
side of the head. 

Huawai (hu'-a-wa'i), n. A water 
gourd. (The more common form 
is huewai. Huawai is tlie word 
used on Lanai.) 

Huawaina (hu'-a-wa'i-na), n. [Hua, 
fruit, and waina, grape.] A grape; 
collectively, grapes; the fruit of 
the vine: Huawaina pala mua, the 
first ripe grapes. 

Hue (hu'-e), adj. Skillful at decep- 
tion; adroit; dexterous; thievish; i 
disposed to steal: Kanaka hue. ! 

Hue (hu'-e), n. 1. A gourd; a water | 
calabash; hue ili, a skin bottle.! 
2. Any narrow-necked vessel for 
holding liquids. (In the Maori 
language, general name for all 
gourds). 3. One skilled in sleight 
of hand; juggler. 4. Artful decep- 

Hue (hu'e), n. The act of removing. 

Hue (hu'e), v. [Hu, to flow, or over- 
flow, and e, from.] 1. To cause to 
flow out; to unload, as a ship. 
2. To remove; to throw out of, 
as in unloading cargo. 

Hue (hiV-e), v. 1. To look slyly; to j 
act furtively, stealthily, etc. 2. To ; 
do as if by stealth or without au- 1 
thority. 3. To be light fingered; j 
to take or convey adroitly: Hue! 
ae la kekahi kanaka i ka apa lole , 
kukaenalo, A certain man filched j 
a piece of unbleached cotton cloth. 
See aihue (ai to eat, and hue), 
root from which aihue* is derived. 

Huehu (hu'-e'-hu), adj. Chilled; 
cold; benumbed from cold. 

Huehu (hu'-e'-hu), n. 1. The strong 
(cold) northwesterly wind expe- 
rienced in the winter months. Also 
called kiu-inu-wai or malua-kii-wai. 
2. Shivering caused by such wind. 

Huehu (hu'-e'-hu), v. To shiver, as 
with cold. 

Huehue (hu'e-hu'e), adj. 1. Spread- 
ing over; growing thickly like 
thrifty vines, as the koali, con- 
volvulus. 2. Spreading over like 
rain: He ua huehueia no Uli; The 
rain spreads over Uli. (Uli is a 
contraction of Paliuli, a place men- 
tioned in the novel, Laieikawai. 

Huehue (hu'-e-hu'-e), n. The crater 
on Hualalai where the last vol- 
canic eruption occurred. 

Huehue (hu'e-hu'e), v. [Intensive of 
hue, to dig out.] To throw up; 

to raise up; to loosen; to open; 
to be spread or scattered. 

Huehuelo (hu'-e-hu-e'-lo), n. [From 
huelo, tail.] 1. The tail end of a 
thing; the last of it; Nolaila, ke 
hai aku nei au i keia wahi hue- 
huelo manao, Wherefore, I declare 
this tail end of a thought (last 
idea) ; Loaa mai o ka huehuelo 
wale no, aole o ke kino pu kekahi, 
I obtained the tail only, not the 
body with it. 2. Small strip-like 
remnant of anything. 

Hueie (hu'-e-i'e), n. [Hue, a gourd, 
and ie, a vine used in basket 
making.] A demijohn, from its 
case or covering, which resembles 
the fibers of the ie vine. 

Hueili (hu'-e-I'-li), n. [Hue, cala- 
bash, and ili, skin.] A skin bottle, 
such as Asiatics used for contain- 
ing liquids. 

Huelo (hu'-e'-lo), n. Tail of a beast 
or reptile; the rump; ke kahili 
o na holoholona ma ka hope, the 
fly-brush at the extremity of an- 
imals; huelo awa, a sting. Mai 
noho a makamaka ilio, i ka huelo 
ka ike, be not friends with the 
dog, for the tail will show it. 2. 
Fig. An inferior, as distinguished 
from poo, a superior. 3. The hop 

Hueloelo (hu'-e'-16-e'-lo), adj. Tail 
like; having appendages like tails. 

Huene (hu'-e'-ne), n. 1. Sound 
caused by asthmatic breathing; 
wheezing. 2. Disease character- 
ized by difficult breathing; asthma. 

Hueu (hu-e'-u), n. [Hu, a bursting 
out, and eu, a rising up to do.] 
A bold, fearless man; one who 
excites to action, good or bad; a 
soldierly man; he kanaka koa; 
hueu oe i ke kolohe, you are bold 
in mischief; a bold energetic man 
in action. Syn: Hooeu. 

Hueuaina (hu-e'-ti-a'i-na), adj. [Hueu, 
valiant, and aina, land or country.] 
1. Bold or valiant for one's land 
or country. 2. Patriotic. 

Huewai (hu'-e-wai), n. [Hue, a 
gourd, and wai, water.] 1. A 
long-necked pohue or calabash pre- 
pared to hold water. 2. A water 
calabash, in distinction from cala- 
bashes used for other purposes; 
a large gourd; any kind of bottle 
used to contain water. Called 
huawai on the island of Lanai. 




Huewaina (hu'-e-wa'i-na), n. [Hue, 
a gourd, and waina (Eng.). wine.] 
A bottle for wine; a bottle filled 
with wine. 

Huha (hii'-ha'), adj. Given to much 
talking; given to talking indis- 

Huha (hu'-ha'), n. 1. Rumor; talk 
lacking proof; idle chat. 2. A 
large, fleshy and unwieldy person. 

Huhonua (hu'-h6'-nu'-a), v. [Hu, to 
rise, and honua, going before.] To 
rise in action that shall result 
in the general welfare: E huhonua 
i manakai ka wai. 

Huhu (hu'-hu), adj. Rotten, as a 
calabash; worm-eaten, as wood. 

Huhu (huhu'), adj. Angry; of- 
fended; provoked. 

Huhu (hu'-hu), n. 1. A caterpillar 
that eats cloth. 2. An insect that 
bores into wood ; a borer. (This in- 
sect, in its winged state is called 
naonaolele, lit. flying ant. After 
dropping its wings it is called 
huhu or ukulaau, lit. wood louse.) 

Huhu (hu-hu'), n. Anger; wrath; 

Huhu (huhu'), V. [Freq. or inten- 
sive of hu, to rise up; to swell.] 
To be angry; to express angry 
feelings by scolding, storming, 
cursing; to be crabbed; to be 

Huhuhu (hu'-hti'-hu), adj. [Intensive 
of huhu, rotten.] Rotten; worm- 
eaten, etc. 

Huhuhue (hu'-hu-hu'-e), v. [Freq. of 
hue, to steal.] 1. To steal fre- 
quently; to carry off at many 
times secretly. 2. To steal in con- 
cert; to steal jointly with others. 

Huhuhula (hu'-hii-hu'-la), v. [Freq. of 
hula, to dance.] 1. To dance and 
sing; to dance* and sing and play, 
as at a hula; e pae, e hula, e 
like pu. 2. To dance and sing 
often. 3. To dance in mass, as in 
a promiscuous assembly; to leap 
about in a frolicsome way. 

Huhuhulel (hu'-hu-hu'-le'i), v. 1. To 
sport in a frolicsome manner. 2. 
To leap about and gyrate, eddying 
and frisking, circling and twist- 
ing in endless rebound, as in a 
fall of water over a precipice. 

Huhuhull (hu'-hu-hu'-li), v. [Freq. of 
hull, to turn.] 1. To turn often; 
to turn, as many persons. 2. To 
turn in general; to change from 

one condition to another. 3. To 
turn or change in large numbers, 
as a people, from one thing or 
cause to another; to change condi- 
tions of in vast numbers. 

Huhuhuna (hu'-hii-hii'-na'), v. [Freq. 
of huna, to conceal.] 1. To hide 
often or much; to conceal. 2. To 
unite, as of two or more, to con- 

Huhuhune (hu'-hft-hu'-ne), v. [Freq. 
of hune, poor.] To be poor; to 
be stripped of all property. Used 
only in speaking of more than one. 

Huhul (hu'-hu'-i), n. Same as hui- 
hui. 1. A collection of things into 
one form or group. 2. The Pleiades 
or seven stars; a cluster. 

Huhuihelu (hu'-hu'-i-he'-lu), n. [Hu- 
hui, collection, and helu, to num- 
ber.] Title of a translation of 
Briggs or decimal logarithms made 
for the use of schools. 

Huhuikalo (hu'-hu'-i-ka'-lo), n. [Hu- 
hul, bunch, and kalo.] A bunch 
of taro. 

Huhuiwaina (hu'-hu'-i-wa'i-na), n. 
[Huhui, cluster, and waina, grapes.] 
A cluster of grapes, 

Huhuki (hu'-hu'-ki), v. [Freq. of 
huki, to pull.] 1. To draw or pull 
repeatedly as in drawing slips for 
determining a question by chance. 
(Laieik. p. 72.) 2. To draw out of 
or toward one, as in pulling weeds. 

Huhuku (hu'-hfi-ku'), adj. [Huhu, in- 
sect that bores into wood, and ku, 
contraction of kuku, standing 
thickly together.] Full of borers; 
full of holes made by the huhu 
pukapuka, or borer insect. Syn: 

Huhula (hu'-hu'-la), v. [Freq. of 
hula, to dance.] To dance in 
couples; to hula two at a time: 
E huhula hoi olua, You two dance. 

Huhull (hu'-hu'-li), v. [Freq. of hull, 
to turn.] Used only in a plural 
sense, two or more. To turn; to 
turn up; to search; to look here 
and there, 

Huhulull (hu'-hu'-lQ-i'i), adj. Made 
rough and ugly, as the hair or 
feathers of an animal in water, or 
from fright. 

Huhuluii (hu'-hu'-Iu-i'i), v. [Hulu, 
hair, and 11, light particles of fi- 
bers like fuzz.] 1. To stand up; 
to stand up, as bristles; to stand 
erect, as the hair on the flesh 
when one is wet and cold. 2. To 




be wet and cold; to shiver with 
cold; to be so stricken with sud- 
den fright that the hair rises. 

Huhululoloa (hu'-hu'-Iu-lo'-lo'-a), adj. 
Describing a long-haired, lean, ill- 
fed condition. 

Huhune (hu'-hu'-ne), n. A skin dis- 
ease peculiar to the hog; it re- 
sembles the ohune in man. 

Huhune (hu'-hu'-ne), v. Same as 
hoohune, to tease. 

Huhupaolaau (hu'-hu-pa'o-la-'au), n. 
[Huhu, a borer, pao, to bore, and 
laau, wood.] 1. Literally, wood 
borer; an insect which burrows in 
wood, the huhu. 2. Fig., a de- 
stroyer of reputation, character, 
etc.; a slanderer; a defamer; 
human borer. 

Hui (hu'i), adj. Cold, cool, chilly. 

Hui (hu'-i), n. 1. A coming together 

. of two or more things; a uniting; 
an assembly. (In the Maori lan- 
guage, hui, meet, come together.) 
2. A union or association of per- 
sons designated for a common pur- 
pose, as planting, fishing, dancing, 
etc. 3. The flippers of the sea- 

Hui (hu'i), n. Inflammatory pain of 
the muscles; inflamation of the 
muscles; rheumatic pain, ache. In 
general, ache in any physical or- 
gan: niho hui, tooth ache. 

Hui (hu'-i), n. Same as hu'i. 

Hui (hu'-i), V. 1. To unite; to come 

• together; to assemble. 2. To add 
to: E hui keia me kela, Add this 
to that, 3, To agree*; to be like- 

Hui (hii'i), V. 1. To ache. 2. An 
elided form of huli, to turn. 

Huihul (hu'i-hu'i), adj. Cold; chilly; 

Huihui (hu'-i-hu'-i), adj. Mixed; 
mingled; united. 

Huihui (hu'-i-hu'-i), n. 1. A collec- 
tion or cluster of things; an as- 
semblage of small things in a 
knot; a collecting; an assembling. 
2. The seven stars, Pleiades. 

Huihui (hu'i-hu'i), n. Cold; chill: 
I hoomanawanui ai hoi kaua i kg 
huihui o ke kakahiaka, You and I 
endured the cold of the early 

Huikahi (hu'-i-ka'-hi), adj. Lit. 
United in one. Bound up; girded, 
as a man with a malo, or a woman 
with a pa-u, with a single hitch. 

Huikahi (hu'-i-ka'-hi), n. A short 
malo; a malo put on with one 
turn and fastened with a single 

Huikahi (hu'-i-ka'-hi), v. To be at 
one; to be in concord; to be in 

Huikai (hu'-i-ka'i), v. To mix or 
jumble together in recitation; to 
make disagreeing statements in 
recounting the particulars of. 

Huikala (hu'-i-ka'-la), adj. Cleans- 
ing; purifying; wai huikala, water 
of purification. 

Huikala (hu'-i-ka'-la), n. Pardon. 

Huikala (hu'-i-ka'-la), v. [Hui, to 
join, and kala, to loosen; to for- 
give.] 1. To cleanse, as a disease; 
to purify. 2. To be purified. 3. To 
sanctify one's self. 4. To cleanse 
morally. 5. To cleanse ceremon- 

Huikau (hu'-i-ka'u), adj. 1. Stum- 
bling in walking. 2. Without order; 
varying in one's story; put to- 
gether irregularly. 

Huikau (hu'-I-ka'u), n. Confusion; 
lack of regularity. 

Huikau (hu'-i-ka'u), v. To be thrown 
together without order, as the 
furnishings of a house, baggage, 
utensils, etc.; to be disarranged 
or out of order. 

Huila (hu-!'-la), n. [Eng.] A wheel. 
Syn: Pokakaa. 

Huila (hiV-I-la), v. To flash, as 
burning powder; to give a sudden 
light: Haule i ka papu. E! huila 
na pu e. Syn: Anapu. 

Huina (hu'-I-na), n. [Hui, a group, 
and ana, a uniting.] 1. A number; 
the sum of several numbers: E 
hookui i ka huina, to add up the 
sum. 2. The point where two 
line's meet, an angle; the place 
where two roads meet; a corner, 
as of a house, fence, etc. 3. In 
music, a close of a tune. 4. In 
geometry, huina is the general 
name for angle; huinakolu, tri- 
angle, huinahaa, quadrangle, hui- 
nalima, pentagon; huina ono, hex- 
agon; huina hiku, heptagon; huina 
walu, octagon, etc. 5. A being as- 
sociated; a union. 

Huinaha (hu'-i-na-ha'), n. [Huina, 
angle, and ha, four.] A quadrilat- 
eral or four-sided figure; huinaha- 
like, a square; huinahaloa, a rec- 
tangular parallelogram; huinaha- 
hio, a figure of four equal sides 




but oblique angles; huinahahiolo- 

ihi an oblique parallelogram; hui- 
nahakaulike, a square or parallelo- 
gram; huinahalualike, a four-sided 
figure which has two parallel 
sides only; hui'nahalikeole, a four- 
sided figure of which all the sides 
are unequal. 

Huinahelu (hu'-i'-na-he'-lu), n. [Hu- 
ina, a number, and helu, to count.] 
A number; the sum of several 
numbers; huinahelu okoa, the 
whole number. Syn: Heluna. 

Huinahiku. (hu i'na-hi'-ku), n. A 
seven sided figure, a heptagon. 

Huinakolu (hu'-I'-na-ko-lu), n. [Hu- 
ina and kolu, three.] A triangle; 
hulnakolufike, an equilateral tri- 
angle; huinakolu elua aoao like, 
an Isosceles triangle; huinakolu 
aoao like ole-, an irregular tri- 
angle; huinakolu kupono, a right 
triangle; huinakolu peleleu, an 
obtuse triangle; huinakolu oi, an 
acute triangle. 

Hul'nakupono (hu'-i'-na-ku-p6'-no), n. 
A right angle. 

Huinalaaulana (hu'-i'-na-la-a'u-la'-na), 
n. [Huina, a uniting, laau, timber, 
and lana, to float.] A union of 
floating timbers; a raft. 

Huinalima (hu'-i'-na-li'-ma), n. [Hu- 
ina, angle, and lima, five.] 1. In 
geometry, a five-sided figure; a 
pentagon; huina ono, a six-sided 
figure; huina hiku, a seven-sided 
figure; huina walu, an eight-sided 
figure, etc. 2. Union of two hands 
as in the game of uma. 

Huinaol (hu'-i-na-o'i), n. [Huina and 
oi, sharp pointed.] An acute 

Huinapeleleu (hu'-i'-na-pe'-le-le'u), n. 
[Huina, a point or place of meet- 
ing, and peleleu, an extension.] 
An obtuse angle. 

Hui'nawai (hu'-I'-na-wa'i), n. [Huina, 
a meeting or union, and wai, 
water.] 1. A meeting or collec- 
tion of waters; a pool. 2. A meet- 
ing of two or more currents or 
streams of water, also the place 
where such curremts meet. 

Huinawaina (hu'-i'-na-wa'i-na), n. 
[Huina, a coming togetTier of and 
waina, grapes.] A cluster of 
grapes. Syn: Huhuiwaina. 

Huini (hu'-i'-ni), adj. Having sharp 
points like needles. 

Huini (hu'-i'-ni), n. The sharp 
sound of a little bird. 

Huini (hu'-i'-ni), v. To end in a 
sharp point, as the top of a high 
mast. See winiwini, sharp. 

Huiopapa (hu'-i-o-pa'-pa), n. A prayer 
used near the luakini or temple 
for the purification of women. 
The tabu began in the evening, 
the prayer was offered in the 
early morning following. 

Huipa (hu'-i-pa), n. Name of a spe- 
cies of stone out of which the 
maika stones were made; de- 
scribed as black and hard and 
takes a fair polish. Also called 

Huipa (hu'-i'-pa), n. [Eng.] A 

Huipa (hu'-i'-pa), v. To whip. 

Huipu (hu'-i-pu'), V. [Hui, to unite, 
and pu, together.] 1. To mix to- 
gether; to come together; to 
unite; to assemble, as persons. 
2. To join with; to combine along 
with another or others. 

Hulta (hu-i'-ka), n. [Eng.] Wheat. 

Huiuna (hu'-i-u'-na), n. [Hui, to 
unite and una, to pry.] A seam; 
a uniting by a specific method of 

Huka (hu-ka'), n. A term used in 
calling hogs to their food. 

Huka (hu'-ka'), v. To call hogs; to 
call to one, as in calling hogs. 

Hukaa (hu'-ka'a), n. [Hu, to ooze 
out of, and kaa, foreign timber, 
particularly that which exudes any 
resinous substance.] 1. Pitch, 
resin or gum from a tree; any 
substance of a resinous nature. 2. 
Timber that drifts down to the 
islands from the northwest coast 
of America, so called from the 
rosin that often peels off from 
that kind of floatage. 

Hukahukai (hu'-ka-hu'-ka'i), adj. 1. 
Insipid; tasteless; unpalatable. 2. 
Saltish; salt in a moderate de- 
gree, applied to water and to food. 

Hukai (hu'-ka'i), adj. [Hu, to ooze, 
and kai, salt water.] Brackish; 
insipid; tasteless. Syn: Hukahu- 

Hukailoloa (hu'-ka'i-16-lo'-a), n. A 
person who always lives with one 
particular chief. 

Hukakai (hu'-ka-ka'i), adj. Brackish; 
insipid; tasteless. Syn: Kai, hu- 

Hukekl (hu'-ke'-ki'), adj. Same as 
hukiki. Cold; shivering with cold. 




Huki (hu'-ki), adj. Soft; tender: 
Hoomoa a huki, cook until soft. 

Huki (hu'-ki), v. 1. To draw; to 
pull; to draw, as with a rope or 
attempt to draw. 2. To deviate 
from a direct course. 

Hukihee (hu'-ki-he'e), n. [Huki, to 
pull, and hee, to slip.] 1. A glid- 
ing along; a passing over, as over 
a bridge. 2. A walking or passing 
smoothly over a stream. 3. A par- 
ticular net used in fishing for fry. 

Hukihelei (hu'-ki-he'-le'i), n. 1. The 
skin about the eye drawn down in 
a disease of the eye. 2. A disease 
of the eye wherein the lower 
eyelid is drawn down, exposing 
the inner membrane. 

Huki huki (hu'-ki-hu'-ki), n. 1. An 
ancient game like the modern "tug 
of war." 2. A method of fishing 
where one end or corner of the 
net is carried by the hand and the 
other by the great toe. 

Huki huki (hu'-ki-hu'-ki), v. [Freq. of 
huki, to pull.] 1. To draw or pull 
frequently. 2. To pull by jerks. 
3. To play the game of hukihuki. 

Hukiki (hu'-ki'-kl'), adj. 1. Small; 
pointed; dwarfish. 2. Cold, so as 
to shiver or shake. Syn: Hau- 
keke and opili. 

Hukiki (hu'-ki'-ki'), n, A species of 
fish. See puhikii. 

Hukiki (hu'-ki'-ki'), v. To be wet; 
to be cold on account of wet; to 
shiver with the cold. Syn: Hu- 
keki and opili. 

Hukilau (hu'-ki-la'u), n. [Huki, to 
pull, and iau, leaves.] A method 
of fishing, in which a large num- 
ber of persons drive the fish into 
a net by means of rope-s hung with 
leaves, usually of the ti plant. 
This apparatus is called the Iau. 

Hukiwai (hu'-ki-wa'i), n. One whose 
business it is to draw and fetch 

Hukiwai (hu'-ki-wa'i), v. [Huki, to 
draw, and wai, water.] To draw 
water, as from a well. 

Huku (hu'-ku), adj. Jutting; pro- 
tuberant; standing out beyond the 
line or surface of. 

Huku (hu'-ku), n. A natural pro- 
tuberance; something pushed be- 
yond the surrounding surface, 
Syn: Ohuku. 

Hukulii (hii'-ku-li'i), adj. Small; lit- 
tle: dwarfish. 

Hukulii (hu'-kii-li'i), v. To be very 
small; to be little; to be dwarfish. 

Hula (hu'-la), n. 1. A swelling; a 
protuberance under the arm or on 
the thigh: he o ka mai mamua, a 
mahope hula mao a mao, a ma 
kela wahi ma keia wahi o ke 
kino, pela i hulahula ai. 2. A 
twitching, as of the eye; an in- 
voluntary muscular motion. 3. A 
dance; a dancing. 

Hula (hu'-la), v. 1. To dance; to 
move to rhythmic song. 2. To 
palpitate, as the heart; to throb, 
as an artery. 3. To go through 
solid substance: E hula a puka, to 
bore through. 

Hula (hu-la'), v. 1. To raise up and 
out of with a lever. 2. To expel; 
to eject; to drive out. 

Hulaa (hu'-la'a), v. 1. To dig; to 
turn up earth with an oo, the an- 
cient implement for digging. 2. 
To uproot, as a tree; to pry up. 
Same as ula'a. 

Hulaana (hu'-la-a'-na), n. A place 
where one must swim to pass a 
precipice that projects into the 
sea. (Laieik. p. 73.) 

Hulahula (hu'-la-hu'-la), n. 1. A 
good or favorable aha, a prayer 
formerly very sacred. 

Hulahula (hu'-la-hu'-la), v. To twitch 
often, as the eye; to twitch, as in- 
voluntary spasmodic motion; to 

Hulale (hu'-la'-le), n. Same as hu- 

Hulali (hu'-la'-li), n. A shining sur- 
face; a reflector of light, as a 
white shining tapa; he mea e ka 
hulali, ia manawa. — Laieik. p. 121. 

Hulali (hu'-la'-li), v. 1. To be muddy; 
to be slippery, as the ground on 
account of rain; hulalilali ke ala, 
pakika i ka ua. 2. To have a 
gloss; to glitter; to shine. 3. To 
shine, that is, to reflect light, as 
a glass window at a distance; ka 
hulalilali a na puka aniani. 

Hulalilali (hu'-la'-li-la'-li), v. [Hu, 
ooze, and lalilali, wet, muddy, etc.] 
1. To be very shiny; to be ex- 
ceedingly slippery. 2. To abound 
in mud on a hard surface: Hula- 
lilali ke ala, The way is muddy. 

Hulani (hu'-la'-ni), v. [Hu, to rise, 
and lani, heaven.] 1. To praise; 
to exalt. 2. To gush sentimental- 
ly; to praise extravagantly; to 
flatter. Syn: Lelepailani. 




Hulehulel (hu'-le-hti'-le'i), v. 1. To 
go up and down, as children on 
a seesaw; to see-saw, 2. To 
strike with swinging motions of 
hands or feet. 3. To flap. See 

Hulei (hu'-le'i), v. 1. To lift up; to 
raise or lift the cover of. 2. To 
draw up or shorten, as a woman 
lifts her dress In crossing a wet 
road. 3. To be lifted or turned 
over, as by storm or quake. 

Huleia (hu'-le'-ia), n. A species of 
soft stone, also called ana and 
olai; pumice. 

Huli (hu'-li), n. 1. A searching; a 
seeking; a turning over. 2. The 
part of the taro top which is used 
to propagate the plant. 3. A 
trump or winning card. 4, The 
curling or bending over of a break- 
er's crest. 5. A spiral turn or 
winding. 6. A turning or sep- 
aration from. 

Huli (hu'rli), V. 1. To turn; to face- 
otherwise; to turn over; to re- 
verse; huli hope, turn back; huli 
mai, turn to or toward one. 2. To 
change one's opinion or manner of 
life. 3. To seek; to search for. 
4. To examine thoroughly; to 
study; to investigate. 

Huliamahi (hu'-li-a'-ma'-hi), adj. Uni- 
versal; general; without limit. 

Huliamahi (hu'-li-a'-ma'-hi), v. 1. To 
overflow, as water rushing all to 
one place. 2. To act in common; 
to turn in vast numbers. 3. To 

Hulihuli (hu'-li-hu'-li), v. [Freq. of 
huli, to turn over.] To turn over 
frequently; to search after. 

Hulikaio (hu'-li-ka'-lo), n. Same as 
huli. The cuttings of taro for 
planting by which the taro is prop- 

Hulilau (hu'-li-la'u), n. 1. General 
name for calabashes of every de- 
scription. 2. A calabash used as 
a receptacle for tapas or garments. 
3. A word applied to the person of 
woman as receptacle for the best 
in man. 

E noho no oe, e Kaohana, 
Me na hulilau a kaua. 

Hulili (hu'-li'-li'), adj. Shivering, as 
with wet and cold. 

Hulili (hu'-li'-li), n. 1. A fluttering 
blaze; the vibrations of the air un- 
der a hot sun. 2. A rolling up. as 
the swell of the surf before it 

breaks. 3. A garrison; a fort; a 
strong place. 4. A ladder; a 
bridge; ke ala hulili o Nualolo, the 
bridge (or ladder) of Nualolo. 
Syn: Alahaka. 

Hulili (hu'-li'-li'), v. To be cold; to 
shiver with the cold; to be con- 
tracted with the cold. 

Hulili (hu'-li'-li), v. 1. To burn or 
shine brightly. 2. To undulate, as 
the air under a hot sun; to undu- 
late, as the surface of water by 
the skipping of fishes, 3. To lay 
sticks across, as in covering a pit- 
fall; e hulili aku i ka laau, alalia 
uhi ka lau. 

Hulilua (hu'-li-lO'-a), adj. [Huli, to 
turn and lua, two; double.] 1. 
Turning two ways; blowing two 
ways, as the wind, 2, Changing 
from one thing to another, as the 
thoughts; shifty; shifting. 

Me he makani hulilua la, 

Hull ka manao— hele ka noonoo. — Mele. 

Like a shifting wind 

The mind changes — thought moves. 

3. Two-faced. 

Hulimoku (hu'-lT-mo'-ku), v. [Hull, 
turn, and moku, a contraction of 
momoku, a rushing together.] To 
act or turn in great numbers. Syn: 

Hulina (hu-ll'-na), adj. Same as uli- 
na, soft, which see. 

Hulina (hu'-li-na), n. 1. A turning; 
a turning place. 2, A reversing, 
3, [Contraction of huliana, turning, 
facing.] A fronting; frontage, 

Hulinaalo (hu'-li'-na-a'-lo), n, [Huli- 
na, turning, and alo, front,] A 
place over against; one place op- 
posite to another, 

Hulipahu (hu'-li-pa'-hu), n. Second 
mate of a vessel. 

Hulipu (hu'-li'-pu'), V. 1. To turn 
together. 2. To turn upside down. 
3. Overturned; thrown down. 

Hulo (hu-lo'), interj. and v. [Eng.] 
To shout; to cry aloud; to cry out 
in applause. 

Hulu (hu'-lu), adj. Sluggish, as the 
mind; disobedient; slow; indis- 
posed to move. 

Hulu (hQ'-lu), n. 1. A feather or 
feathers. 2. Every kind of hair 
excepting the hair of the head, 
which is called lauoho. 3, Wool; 
fleece, 4. Pen made from a feath- 
er, a modern use of the word. 

Hulu (hu'-lu), V, 1. To be disobe- 
dient; to disregard one's com- 




mands; not to pay attention. 2. To 
be impertinent. 

Huluanai (hu'-lii-a'-na'i), n. [Hulu, 
bristles, and anai, to rub.] A brush 
for painting; especially for white- 
washing. Coconut fiber was used 
to paint with, 

Huluhipa (hu'-lu-hi'-pa), n. [Hulu, 
wool, and hipa (Eng.), sheep.] 
Wool (Lit. Hair of sheep.) Coat 
of wool covering a sheep; fleece 
woolen goods; cloth made of wool 

Huluhulu (hu'-lu-hu'-lu), adj. [Inten 
sive of hulu, hair.] Having over 
much hair; hairy; covered with 
hair. (Applied only to hair on the 
human body, excluding the hair of 
the head and face.) Hair on the 
head is called lauoho; on the face 

Huluhulu (hu'-lu-hu'-lu), n. [Hulu, 
wool.] 1. A fleece blanket; a 
fleece of wool. 2. The fine hairy 
out-growth from the skin of ani- 
mals or the surface of plants. 
3. Sleeping garment made of 
wool; woolen blanket. 

Huluhulu-waena (hu'-lu-hu'-lu-wa'e- 
na), n. A limu or sea moss, also 
called owaowaka. 

Hului (hu'-lu'-i), V. To draw to- j 
gether, as a fish net when full of 
fish; to call toward one's self. 
Hului la mai kuu lani alii — e — he. 

Huluiiwi (hu'-lu-i'-i'-wi), n. [Hulu, 
feather, and ilWi, a small red bird.] 
The feathers from which the ahu- 
ula or feather cloaks were made, 
which were obtained from the 

Hulumamo (hu'-lu-ma'-mo), n. [Hulu, 
feather, and mamo, a yellow bird.] 
The feathers of the mamo with 
which war cloaks and royal robes 
were adorned. 

Hulumanu (hu'-lu-ma'-nu), n, [Hulu, 
feather, and manu, a bird.] 1. A 
bird-feather, highly valued in for- 
mer times; o ka hulumanu ka mea 
i manao nui ia, he waiwai ia. 2. A 
striped heavy cloth used in mak- 
ing beds or mattresses. 3. A class 
of men around a chief, very great 
favorites; a favorite of a high 

Huluoo (hu'-lu-o'-6'), n. [Hulu, feath- 
er, and 00, the name of a bird.] 
The feathers of the oo: o ka hulu 
mamo, ua oi aku ia mamua o ka 
hulu 00, The mamo feathers are 
superior to the oo feathers. 

Huma (hu'-ma). Same as humu. 

Humama (hu-ma-ma), n. Same as 

Hume (hu'-me), v. To bind around 
the loins and fasten with a loop: 
Ina hume ke kanaka i ko ke alii 
malo, e make no ia. If a person 
should bind on a chief's malo, the 
penalty would be death. 

Humemalomaikai (hu'-me-ma'-16-ma'i- 
ka'i), n. [Hume, to gird, and malo 
maikai, beautiful malo.] Wearing 
an ornamental malo, that is, imi- 
tating a chirf; acting the fop or 

Humu (hu'-mu), n. Altair, the bright 
star in the constellation of Aquila. 

Humu (hu'-mu), v. To sew cloth; to 
fasten together by sewing. 

Humuhumu (hu'-mu-hu'-mu), adj. 
Descriptive of work done with 
needle and thread or fiber. Mea 
humuhumu ano e, a strange thing 
for sewing. 

Humuhumu (hu'-mCl-hu'-mu), n. 1. A 
species of trigger fish. (Balistes 
capistratus.) Color, light drab with 
darker cloudings; a narrow distinct 
white line from near angle of 
mouth to origin of soft anal. 2. A 
dark-colored spot on the human 
body; a mole. 

Humuhumu (hu'-mu-hu'-mu), v. [Freq. 
of humu.] To sew; to unite or 
fasten by a series of stitches; to 
fasten by sewing. 

Humuhumuhiukole (hu'-mii-hu'-mu- 
hi'u-ko-le), n. A species of trigger 
fish. (Balistes vidua.) Also called 
humuhumu uli. Color, dark brown 
with tinge of brown. 

Humuhumumimi ( hu'-mii-hu'-mu-ml'- 
mi), n. A variety of humuhumu 
or trigger fish. (Balistes capis- 
tratus.) Color light brown, rosy 
line beginning slightly behind and 
below angle of mouth. 

Humuhumu-nukunuku-apuaa (hii'-mti- 
hu-mu-nu'-kii-nu-ku-a'-pu-a'a ) , n. 

Species of trigger fish. (Balistapus 
aculeatus.) Color of one kind, 
chiefly light brown, of another 
orange brown and of a third yel- 
low and green. 

Humuma (hu'-mu-ma'), n. A cluster 
of three stars in the constellation 
of Aquila. 

Humuna (hu'-mu'-na), n. [Contrac- 
tion of humuana, humu and ana.] 




1. A serving; a seam. 2. Designa- 
tion of the entire thing after the 
seam is completed. Syn: Kuina, 

Humuula (hu'-mu-u'-la), n. 1. Very 
hard reddish stones out of which 
ancient koi or axes were made. 

2. A locality on the slope of 
Mauna Kea. 

Huna (hu'-na), adj. Small; little; 

Huna (hu'-na), n. [Huna, to be lit- 
tle.] 1. A minute part of; a small 
particle; grain. Huna one, grain 
of sand. 2. A small part of any- 
thing. A particle of dust; a crumb 
of food or other substance. 3. 
[Huna, to hide.] That which is 
concealed; the private parts; geni- 
tals; kahi huna. 4. A day of the 
month; i ka po 1 o Huna (Laieik. 
p. 112.); tenth day or night after 
Hilo or the new moon; the elev- 
enth day of the month in the an- 
cient Hawaiian lunar calendar. 

Huna (hu'-na'), v. 1. To hide; to 
conceal; to keep from the sight or 
knowledge of. 2. To keep back 
truth in speaking; to equivocate, 
as in using ambiguous language 
with a view to mislead; to pre- 
varicate. 3. To disguise one's 
self; to feign; to pretend. 

Hunaahi (hii'-na-a'-hi), n. [Huna, 
small, and ahl, fire.] A spark of 
fire; a live cinder. 

Hunahuna (hu'-na-hu'-na), n. [Freq. 
of huna.] A small part of; huna- 
huna ai, crumbs of food; huna- 
huna lepo, fine dust: O na huna- 
huna o ka naauao, oia ka i loaa 
mai iau. The crumbs of knowl- 
edge, that is what I have re- 

Hunahuna (hu'-na-hu'-na'), v. [In- 
tensive of huna, to hide.] 1. To 
steal away and hide; to conceal 
one's self. 2. To hide by a false 

Hunakai (hu'-na-ka'i), n. [Huna, 
small, and kai, sea.] 1, The fine 
spray of the sea. 2. Sea foam. 

3. A species of bird; small three- 
toed sandpiper; a sanderling. 

Hunakaua (hu'-na-ka'u-a), n. [Huna, 
small part of, and kaua, war.] The 
individual units or single persons 
in a war host. 

Hunakele (hu'-nu-ke'-le), n, 1, A 
place where only one body is bur 
ied secretly; a burying place for 
only one. 2. Act of secret burial. 

Hunakele (hii'-na'-ke'-le), v. [Huna, 
to conceal, kele or waokele, place 
of spirits, secret or unknown 
place.] To bury a corpse secretly, 
as in former times, so that no one 
might steal it; to bury one with- 
out any mark by which the place 
might be known. 

Hunalepo (hu'-na-le'-po), n. [Huna, 
small part, and lepo, dust.] Dust; 
very small particles of matter. 

Hunalewa (hu'-na-le'-wa), n. The van 
of an army; the front ranks; the 
opposite of hunapaa, the rear; o 
ka poe mamua, he poe uuku ia, ua 
kapaia lakou he hunalewa. 

Hunaolona (hu'-na-6'-16-na'), n. [Hu- 
na, small part, and olona, a shrub, 
the bark of which re-sembles flax.] 

1. Tow, the refuse of flax. 2. 
Waste or remnant bt olona bark 
which remains after the fiber is 

Hunapaa (hu'-na-pa'a), n. The rear 
of an army, in distinction from 
hunalewa, the front. 

Hunawai (hu'-na-wa'i), n. [Huna, 
small part, and wal, water.] 1. A 
particle of water; spray; mist. 

2. Little water. 

Hune (hu'-ne), adj. Destitute of 
property; naked; poor; applied to 

Hune (hu'-ne), n. 1. A poor man; 
a poverty stricken person: E ola 
auanei ka hune, the poor man will 
soon recover. 

Hune (hu'-ne), v. 1, To be poor; to 
be destitute; to be impoverished. 
To be in want. 2. Same as hoo- 
hune, to tease. 

Hunehune hu'-ne-hu'-ne), adj. Mist; 
very fine water drops. 

Hi/noai (hu'-n6-a'i), n. A parent-in- 
law, either father or mother, ac- 
cording to the designating terms 
kane or wahine. 

Hunoalkane (hu'-n6-§.'i-ka'-ne), n. A 

Hunoaiwahine (hiT-nd-a'i-wa'-hi'-ne), 
n. A mother-in-law. 

Hunona (hu'-no'-na), n. A child-in- 
law. See hunonakane, hunonawa- 

Hunonakane (hu'-n6'-na-ka'-ne), n. A 

Hunonawahine (hu'-n6'-n2,-wa'-hi'ne), 
n. A daughter-in-law. 

Huoi (hu'-o'i), n. Suspicion; appre- 
hension; an imagining; surmising; 
conjecture; an opinion formed on 




conjecture: He wahi huoi ko'u, I 
have a little suspicion. 

Huoi (hu'-o'i), V. 1. To be inquisi- 
tive. 2. To suspect; to surmise; 
to imagine. 

Huole (hu'-o'-le), adj. [Hu, leaven, 
and ole, none.] 1. Unfermented; 
not pungent. 2. Without leaven; 
unleavened; berena huole, unleav- 
ened bread. 3. Within limits of. 

Huonoonoole (hu'-o'-no-o'-no-o'-le), n. 
[Hu, something fermented; onoono, 
to taste good; ole, not.] A fer- 
ment that does not taste good; 
an unpalatable brew. The brews 
of the ancient Hawaiians were 
made of th« sweet potato, ki or ti 
root, ohia or mountain apple and 
sugar cane. 

Hupe (hu'-pe'), n. Mucus from the 
nose. Same as upe. 

Hupekohola (hu'-pe'-ko'-ho-la'), n. 
[Hupe, mucus, and kohola, whale.] 
A slimy substance found in the 
ocean, so called because supposed 
to be from the nose of the whale. 
2. Spermaceti. 3. The spawn 
which produces the ohua and the 

Hupi (hu'-pi'), V. To squeeze moist- 
ure out of; to wring. Syn: Uwi. 

Hupo (hu'-po'), adj. Savage; ignor- 
ant; barbarous; dark; idiot like: 
he nui ka poe hupo loa ma kua- 

Hupo (hu'-po'), V. 1. To be ignor- 
ant; to be in mental darkness. 
2. To be a natural fool; to be des- 
titue of common sense. 

Hupokarito (hu'-po-ka'-ri'-to), n. 
[Gr.] A hypocrite. [This word 
was used by the translators of the 
New Testament, but later hooka- 
mani took its place.] 

Hupu (hu'-pu), adj. Moved by dis- 
. guised anger or hostility. 

Hupu (hu'-pu), n. 1. Suppressed or 
concealed anger. 2. Secret re- 

Hupuna (hu'-pu'-na), n. [Hu, to over- 
flow and puna, a spring.] A col- 
lection or overflow of spring water 
in a hollow place. 

Hupunawai (hu'-pu'-na-wa'i), n. Same 
as hupuna. 1. Standing water; a 
collection of water. 2. The over- 
flow of a spring. 

Hupupu (hu'-pii'-pu), n. An insect 
that bores into wood, also called 

Husopa (hu'-ko'-pa), adj. Similar to 

Husopa (hu'-ko'-pa), n. [Eng.] Hys- 
sop, an herb. 

Huwa (hu'-wa'), n. Envy. 

Huwa (hu'-wa'), v. To be envious; 
to be jealous. 

Huwelo (hu'-we'-lo), n. Same as 
huelo. The tail of a beast. 

I (i). The fourth letter in the Ha- 
waiian alphabet. 

I (i). 1. A sign of the imperfect 
tense of verbs. 2. A sign of the 
subjunctive mood, being a contrac- 
tion of ina. 3. A sign of the po- 
tential mood; that; as: Ua hai 
aku au i lohe oukou; I have spoken 
that you might hear. 4. A sign 
of the imperative mood, with the 
verb (to bring) understood. I ku- 
kui; (bring) a lamp. 

I (i), adj. Stingy; close; niggardly. 

I (I), conj. [A contraction of ina.] 
If; that. 

I (I), n. The name of a select class 
or company of soldiers under Ka- 
mehameha I. 

I (i), prep. 1. To; towards. 2. In; 
at; unto. 3. By; for; in respect 
of. 4. Above; more than; on ac- 

count of. (Used before common 

I (i), V. 1. To speak; to say, in 
connection with the thing spoken 
or said. 2. To address one; to 
make a speech to one. 3. To give 
an appellation; to designate a 
name. 4. To adopt, as a child. 

la (i'a), pron. 1. This, referring to 
the person or thing present. 2. 
That, referring to the person or 
thing absent. 

la (i'a). The sign of the passive 
voice in the conjugation of verbs: 
Ua alohaia mai kakou. We are be- 
loved. It may be annexed to the 
verb, forming one word, or it may 
be separated by one or more inter- 
vening words: Ua lawe malu ia 
ke dala; the money was taken se- 
cretly. In some cases a letter is 
inserted before it for the sake of 




euphony: awahia (for awaia), bit- 

ta (ia'), conj. During the time that; 
as long as; while: la lakou i noho 
ai ilaila; while they lived there. 

la (i-a'), n. 1. A yard: the stand- 
ard English measure of length. 2. 
A long slender spar, suspended i 
from a mast and used to support 

la (i'a), n. 1. Fish: a general 
name for all vertebrate animals 
with gills retained through life, 
living in water, 2. Meat of any 
kind, as distinguished from ai 
(food). 3. The galaxy; the Milky 

la (i'a), n. Same as ie. 

la (ia'), prep. To; of; for; by; 
with; on account of; in respect of. 
Used before proper names of per- 
sons and before pronouns. 

la (i'a), pron. He; she; it. The 
third person singylar number of 
the personal pronoun. E uwe ana 
la (keiki); it (the child) is crying. 

la (i'a), V. Same as ie. 

lagua (i'a-gii'a), n. A leopard-like 
mammal; a jaguar; the American 

laha (i-a'-ha), pron. [I, to, and aha, 
what.] To what; for what: prop- 
erly written as two separate words, 
as, i aha, to what. I aha ka make- 
make? For what is the desire? 

lahona (ia-h6'-na). [Properly i aho- 
na, a part of a phrase.] See 

lako (i-a'-k6), n. 1. The* arched 
sticks which connect a canoe with 
its outrigger. Ka iako o ka waa, o 
ka hau ka iako paa. 2. The num- 
ber forty: used generally in count- 
ing tapas: A me na iako kapa he 
nui loa; and the very many for- 
ties of tapas. 

lako (I-a-ko'), n. One skilled in 
clearing, emptying and refitting a 
damaged canoe. He iako, he mea 
i aoia i ka holo moana a me ka 
luu kai. 

laloa (i'a-lo'a), n. A dead body em- 
balmed and dried, or otherwise 
preserved from putrefaction. 

laloa (i'a-lo'a), v. To preserve dead 
bodies by salting them; to bury 
dead bodies with perfumes; to 

laloko (i-a-16'-k6), n. 1. The side or 
part that is within; the inner sur- 
face or space; inside. 2. That 

which is contained; contents; in- 
ward parts; entrails. 3. Inner 
thoughts or feelings, laloko o ke 
kanaka; the inner thoughts of 

lamo (i-a'-mo), v. To leap into the 
water from a height without splash 
or spatter. Also called iomo, erro- 
neously. (The acme of a Hawaii- 
an's skill in leaping into the water 
is not only to cause no splash at 
entry, but to glide (pahi'a), under 
water a distance so as not to dis- 
turb the bubbling or ebullating 
effect of his leap.) 

lana (i-a'-n^), n. The owl. 

lanel (i'a-ne'i), adv. Here; at this 

lanuarl (i-a'-nu-a'-ri), n. January, 
the name of the first month in 
the year. Kaelo was one name of 
the corresponding month in the 
old Hawaiian calendar, though it 
varied in different localities. 

lao (i-a'o), n. A species of small 
fish generally used for bait. 

lasepi (I'a-se'-pi), n. [Biblical.] A 
pre-cious stone, probably a dark- 
green opalescent stone; a jasper. 

lau (i-a'ii), n. See iao. 

lau (i-a'Q), pron. [A contraction of 
ia au, the objective case of the 
personal pronoun of the first per- 
son singular number.] To me; for 
me; by me. 

lawi (T-a-wi'), n. A drepanidine bird 
(Himatione sanguinea). See apa- 

Ibeka (pronounced i-pe'ka), n. The 
ibex, the wild goat mentioned in 
the Bible. The Hawaiian word for 
goat is kao. 

Ie (i'e), adj. 1. Made of canvas, cot- 
ton, or linen; made of braided ma- 
terial: lole ie; cloth made of lin- 
en; papale ie; hat made of braid- 
ed material. 2. Flexible; limber. 
3. Of coarse texture. 

Ie (i'e), adj. Provoking; insulting. 

Ie (i'e), n. 1. Canvas; cotton; linen. 
2. A tall woody climber (Frey- 
cinetia arnotti), a tough, wiry vine 
used in tying and in basketwork. 
See ieie. 3. The material used in 
braiding or weaving, as rushes, 
pandanus leaves, bamboo, etc. 4. 
(Mod.) A braid so made: ie pa- 
pale, a braid for a hat, that is, 
material for a hat. 5. (Mod.) A 
woven basket: ie pepa, a waste 




basket. 6. The stick used in beat- 
ing tapa: he ie kuku. 

le (i'e), V. To insult; to provoke; 
to pick a quarrel. 

lehova (i-e'-ho'-va), n. Lord; Jeho- 
vah: the name of the one eternal, 
living and true God. 

leie (I'e-i'e), adj. Decorated or cov- 
ered with the leaves of the ie. 
He poo ieie. 

leie (I'e-i'e), adj. Proud; haughty; 
arrogant; manifesting self-esteem. 

leie (i'e-i'e), n. 1. A tall woody 
climber (Freycinetia arnotti). Syn: 
ie. 2. The leaves of the ieie, gen- 
erally made into wreaths and for- 
merly used in decorating the gods 
of Hawaii: He leie hula. 

leie (i'e-i'e), v. To be decorated 
with leaves; to be dressed in 

leiewaho (i'e-i'e-wa'-h6), n. The 
name of the channel between 
Kauai and Oahu: more generally 
known as Kaieiewaho Channel: 
Kahulilua na ale o Kaieiewaho. 

leiewe (i-e'-i-e'-we), n. (Obstetrics.) 
1. The secundine. 2. The pla- 

lekuku (i'e-ku'-ku), n. The wood- 
en mallet used in finishing tapa. 
Also called kukukapa. 

leie (i-e'-le), n. A chief; a king: a 
distinctive appellation. 

lesuruna (i-e'-sii-ru'-na), n. Jeshu- 
run: a term applied to Israel. 

lewe (i-e'-we), n. 1. The navel 
string. 2. The afterbirth. 3. A 
new born infant. 

I ha (T-ha'), v. To be intent upon; 
to have the mind earnestly fixed; 
to devote one's attention: Ua I ha 
wale no; he gives his whole at- 

Ihaiha (i'-ha-i'-ha), adj. Hard-drawn; 
stretched tight; tense; taut: Iha- 
iha ke kaula; the rope is taut. 

Ihaiha (i'-ha-i'-ha), adj. Strained to 
a state of great physical or mental 

I he (i'-he), n. 1. A spear. 2. A 
short, light spear; a javelin: he 
I he hulali. 3. A light lance, jave- 
lin, or spear; a dart. He Ihe pa- 
kelo, ihe pahee, a me na ihe o. 

Ihea (i-he'a), adv. To what place; 
whither; where: Ihea oukou? 
Where were you? 

Ihee (i-he'e), adj. Still; quiet; calm: 
Ihee ka la malie. 

Ihee (i-he'e), v. To escape; to run 
away from. 

Iheehee (i'-he'e-he'e), v. To cause to 
flow in a continuous stream of 
dense liquid substance, as oil; to 
pour out in a dense volume. E 
iheehee ana i ka aila iloko o ka 

Iheihe (i-he-i'-he), n. A species of 
fish (Hemiramphus depauperatus) ; 
the halfbeak. Same as meemee. 

I hi (I'-hi), adj. 1. Sacred; hallowed. 
2. Majestic; dignified. 

I hi (i'-hi), n. 1. A species of plant 
(Portulaca oleracea) widely used 
as medicine. 2. The common 

I hi (i'-hi), n. A crown-like head- 
piece marking distinctive rank. 
Same as i'-hi. 

I hi (i'-hi), V. 1. To strip off the 
bark or skin of; to bark, flay, or 
decorticate; to peel. 2. To tear 
or strip off; to remove. Ua ihi 
ka la, ua wela ke pahoehoe. Syn: 
Maihi. 3. To cover or wrap the 
head, as in the ceremony of cover- 
ing the head of a chief or an idol. 

Ihlawaawa (i'-hi-a'-wa-a'-wa), n. 1. A 
storm with lightning and thunder. 
2. Also said to be the name, of a 
god of thunder and lightning. 

Ihihi (i-hi-hi'), adj. Unduly or mean- 
ly sparing in the use' or expendi- 
ture of money; close; niggardly; 
parsimonious; stingy. 

Ihihi (i-hi-hi'), v. To neigh, as a 

Ihiihi (i'-hi-i'-hi), adj. See ihi. 

I hi ihi (i'-hi-i'-hi), inter j. An excla- 
mation expressing surprise, or 
wonder mingled with delight. 

Ihiihi (i'-hi-i'-hi), n. 1. See ihi. 2. A 
fish, also called aha and kekee. 

Ihilani (i'-hi-la-ni), n. 1. The heav- 
enly splendor; auroral brilliancy. 
2. A god of lightning. 

Ihimanu (i'-hi-ma'-nu), n. The sting- 
ray. See hihimanu. 

I ho (i'-ho), adv. 1. At that time; 
then. (In English it is generally 
understood, as: Uwe iho la ia; 
he (then) cried.) 2. Just; exact- 
ly; precisely: ano iho nei, just 

Iho (i'-ho), n. 1. The soft tissue in 
the center of the stems and 
branches of exogenous plants; the 





pith. 2. The axis of the earth. I 
3. The axle or axle-tree, as of a ! 
wheel. See paepaekomo. 4. An ' 
inferior grade of tapa; the supe- 
rior being known as kilohana. 5. 
The medial sheet of a set of ku- 
ina tapa. 

Iho (i'-h6), prep. To or towards a 
lower place; down: Lele iho oe; 
you jump down. 

Iho (i'-h6), pron. 1. Self used with 
nouns or pronouns. Eia ko'u ma- 
nao no'u iho; here is my opinion 
of myself. 2. Own: used after a 
possessive. Kona iho; his own. j 

Iho (i'-h6), V. To go down; to de- 1 
scend, as from a higher to a lower | 
place. j 

Ihoiho (i'-h6-i'-h6), n. 1. The solid,! 
heavy part of timber; the heart 
of a tree. 2. A torch or torch- j 
light; a flambeau. 4. A candle. 

Ihoihokukui (i'-h6-i'-h6-ku'-kii'i), n. 
One or more strings of kukui nuts, 
used for torches. 

Iholena (i'-h6-le'-na), n. A variety 
of the banana (Musa sapientum), 
having light green leave's and 
stems of light green with black 
streaks: formerly permitted to be' 
eaten under the tabu system: Eia! 
na maia a Papa e ai ai, o ka popo- 1 
ulu, o ka ihole'na. I 

Ihona (i'-h6'-na), n. A descending; 
a going down; a descent. 

I hope (i-h6'-pe), adv. To or toward 
the rear; in the direction of the 
back; backward: E nee ihope; 
move back. 

Ihu (i'-hii), n. 1. The nose of a 
person. 2. The bill of a bird. 
3. The snout of an animal. 4. The 
bowsprit of a ship. 5. The fore* 
part of a canoe. 6. A form of af- 
fectionate salutation expressed by 
the contact with pressure of the 
noses; hence, a kiss. Homai ka 
ihu; give me (the nose) a kiss. 

Ihuanu (i'-hu-a'-nii), n. 1. An up- 
land wind of Kawela. O ka ihu- 
anu he makani ia no Kawela 
mauka mai. 2. The name of an 
odoriferous tree or shrub growing 
in Kawela. 

Ihuhanunu (i'-hQ-ha-nii'-nu), adj. 
Hard breathing; snoring. 

Ihu ihu (i'-hu-i'-hu), adj. Standing up 
straight; directed upward; erect. 

Ihuku (i'-hu-ku'), n. 1. The act of 
holding up one's nose, as in pride 

or anger. 2. Anger. 3. Con- 

Ihuku (i'-hii-kfl'), v. To turn up the 
nos«, as in anger or contempt. 
See ihupii. 

Ihukukani (i'-hii-ku'-ka'-ni), adj. 
Hard breathing; snorting. 

Ihukukani (i'-hu-kii'-ka'-ni), n. The 
act of snorting; a snort. 

Ihumaa (i'-huma'a), adj. Disobedient; 

Ihuna (i'-hii-na'), adj. 1. Inclined to 
snore. 2. Inclined or given to 
mischief; mischievous. 

Ihunana (i'-hfl-na-na'), adj. 1. Hard 
breathing; snoring. 2. Venture- 
some; confident; bold. 

Ihunono (i'-hu-n6-no'), adj. See ihu- 

Ihu none (i'-hfl-n6-no'), n. 1. The act 
of snoring; a snore. 

Ihunono (i'-hii-n6-no'), v. To snore, 
as in one's sleep. See nono, no- 
noo, none. 

Ihuolaola (i'-hu-6-la'-6-la'), n. 1. A 
snoring nose. 2. A hard breath- 
ing; a snoring. 

ihupapa (i'-hu-pa'-pa), adj. Same as 

Ihupepe (i-hu-pe-pe), adj. Flat-nosed. 

Ihupepe (I'-hii-pe'-pe), n. 1. A flat 
nose. 2. A flat-nosed person. 

Ihupii (i'-hu-pi'i), n. The act of 
turning up one's nose, as in pride; 
hence, anger; contempt. 

Ihupii (i'-hu-pi'i), v. To turn up the 
nose, as in contempt. 

li (i'-i'), adj. 1. Sour; mouldy; 
musty. Syn: Punahelu. 2. Cov- 
etous; close; niggardly. 3. Cruel; 
selfish. 4. Hard to lift or carry; 
weighty; heavy. 

li (i'i), adj. 1. Stinted; unthrifty. 
2. Stiff; tight, as a rope. 3. Close; 

li (i'i), n. 1. A gathering together; 
a collecting, as of small things: 
Ua ike lakou i ka ii o na kanaka 
i ka poaaha; they saw the gath- 
ering of the mulberry bark by the 
people. 2. A gurgling of the voice 
from throat, as in chanting: O ka 
mea lea 1 ke olioli, aia a loaa ka 
ii iloko o ka puu. 3. Something 
heavy or difficult to lift; a heavy 
weight. 4. A drepanidine bird 
(Himatione sanguinea). See apa- 
pani. 5. A species of fish. 

li (i-i'), n. Selfishness; cruelty; 




li (i'-i'), n. Mould; rust; anything 
indicating rust or decay. 

li (i'i), V. To collect; to gather up; 
to bring together. Ke ii nei ka 
aha. Syn: Noii, 

li (i'-f), V. 1. To be mouldy or 
musty. Ua ii ka ai; the food is 
musty. 2. To be lost; to be for- 
gotten. Ua ii na olelo kahiko. 

liaao (i-i'-a-a'o), n. Hard, mouldy 
food, such as drie^ taro or po- 

Hi (i-i'i), adj. Below the ordinary 
size; diminutive; stunted; dwarf- 

lii (i-i'i), n. 1. A child of slow 
growth; a person of small stature. 

2. A person, animal, or plant that 
is unnaturally small or has been 
stunted in development; a dwarf. 

3. Smallness in stature; the con- 
dition of being stunted in develop- 
ment; dwarfishness. 4. A plant, 
formerly used as food in time of 

lii (i-i'i), v. To choke; to restrain; 
to hedge up. 

liika (i'-M'-ka), n. 1. The mark left 
on the skin after the healing of a 
wound or sore; a scar. 2. A cica- 

lina (i'-i-i'-na), v. 
ly. Syn : lini. 

lika (i-i'-ka), adj 
or substance; 
thin; lank. 

like (i-i'-ke), adj. Marked by keen 
perception or discernment; keen- 
witted; shrewd; sharp. 

limo (ii'-m6), v. To close and open 
the eyelids quickly; also, to draw 
the eyelids together, as in con- 
veying a hint or making a sign; 
to wink. 

lini (i-i'-ni), n. The act or fee-ling 
of one who yearns; a strong emo- 
tion of longing or desire, especially 
with tenderness; a yearning. 

lini (i-i'-ni), v. To desire; to wish 
for; to long after. 

liwi (i-i'-wi), n. A species of bird 
(Vestiaria coccinea). 

liwipolena (i-i'-wi-p6'-le'-na), n. A 
bird; same as iiwi; also called 

Ika (i'-ka'), adj. Carried along by a 
current; floating; drifting. 

Ika (i-ka'), n. 1. Goods cast or 
swept from a vessel into the sea 
and found floating; flotsam; jet- 
sam. 2. The sides of a taro patch, 

To desire strong- 
Wanting in flesh 
lean; shrunken; 

or of a mala (garden) where the 
grass is thrown. 

Ika (ika'), v. 1. To float ashore; 
to be driven on shore by the surf. 
2. To be turned aside from a 
straight course, as a vessel by 
the wind and current; to drift. 

Ikai (i-ka'i), adv. Towards the sea: 
opposed to iuka, inland. 

Ikaika (i-ka'i-ka), adj. Strong; pow- 
erful; energetic. 

Ikaika (i-ka'i-ka), adv. Strongly; 
powerfully; energetically. 

Ikaika (i-ka'i-ka), n. Strength; pow- 
er; energy. 

Ikaika (i-ka'i-ka), v. 1. To exercise 
muscular strength; to be strong. 

2. To become powerful. 3. To be 

Ike (i'-ke), n. Knowledge; instruc- 
tion; understanding. 

Ike (i'-ke), v. 1. To see; to per- 
ceive by the eye. 2. To perceive 
mentally; to know; to understand. 

3, To receive, as a caller. 4. To 
have carnal knowledge of. 

Ikea (i-ke'a), v. [A contraction of 
ikeia, the passive form of the vCTb 
ike.] To be seen; to be known; to 
be understood. 

Ikeakaka (i'-ke-a'-ka'-ko), n. A posi- 
tive knowledge; a clear vision; a 
perfect understanding. 

Ikeakaka (i'-ke-a'-ka'-ka), v. To 
know clearly; to perceive distinct- 
ly; to understand plainly. 

Ikeike (i'-ke-i'-ke), v. See ike. 

Ikemaka (f-ke-ma'-ka), n. One that 
sees with his own eyes, or knows 
a thing of his own knowledge; an 
eye-witness; a witness. 

Ikemaka (I'-ke-ma'-ka), v. To see 
with the eyes; to know by sight. 

Iki (i'-ki), adj. Small; little. A di- 
minutive often used as a com- 
pound element; as, kamaiki, the 
little one. 

Iki (i'-ki), adv. 1. Almost; nearly. 
2. Not much; slightly. 

Ikiiki (i'-ki-i'-ki), adj. 1. Close and 
hot, as the air of a crowded room. 

2. Tight, as a bandage or clothes. 
Ikiiki (i'-ki-i'-ki), n. 1. Closeness; 

lack of air. 2. The act of strang- 
ling, or the state of being strangled. 

3. Severe pain. 4. The pangs of 
death. 5. Lassitude caused by 
heat. 6. A panting for breath. 7. 
The name of the sixth month of 
the Hawaiian calendar, correspond- 
ing to May. (The names and or- 




der of the months varied, however, 
in different localities.) 

Ikiiki (i'-ki i'-ki), v. 1. To be pressed; 
to be compelled to do a thing. 2. 
to be harassed; to be vexed. 3. 
To be weary of refraining from. 
4. To pant for breath, as one 

Ikiki (i-ki'-ki), n. Same as ikiiki. 

Ikimakua (i'-ki-ma-kii'a), n. The name 
of a stone out of which the maika, 
bowling, stones were made. 

Iko (i-ko'), V. To imitate; to copy. 

Ikol (i-k6'i), n. A buoy; a float, as 
of a net; usually made of hau or 
wiliwili wood. 

Iku (i'-ku), interj. All at once! All 
together! An exclamation giving 
encouragement to persons about to 
exert themselves in some physical 

Ikua (i-kii-a'), n. The eleventh 
month in the Hawaiian calendar, 
corresponding to October; also 
written Ikuwa. (This varied ac 
cording to locality.) 

iku iku (i'-ku-i'-kii), n. An offensive 
smell. Syn: Okaoka. 

Ikuwa (i'-ku-wa'), adj. 1. Clamorous; 
vociferous. 2. Making a confused 
noise; chirping noisily. 

Ikuwa (i'-ku-wa'), n. 1. Any loud, 
repeated outcry; a clamor. 2. A 
confusion of cheerful notes made 
by birds; a vociferous chirping. 
3. An echo. 4. Same as ikua, the 
name of a month. 

ikuwa (i'-ku-wa'), v. 1. To utter 
loud outcries; to vociferate; to 
clamor. 2. To give the short, 
high-pitched, cheerful sound of a 
bird; to chirp noisily. Ka leo o, 
na kahuli e ikuwa ana. 

Ha (i'-la), n. A small permanent 
spot on the skin; a birthmark; a 

Ilaila (Ma'i-la), adv. In that place; 

ilailau (i-la'i-la'u), n. See laulele. 

Halo (Ma'-16), adv. In a lower place; 
down; downwards; below. 

Hamuku (i'-la-mii'-kii), n. 1. An of- 
ficer who enforces the orders of a 
chief or of a judge; an executive 
officer. 2. An executioner; a de- 
stroyer. 3. A marshal; a sheriff. 

Hi (i'-li), n. 1. The stranding of a 
ship on a shore or rock. 2. The 
descent of property to the heir of 
the last holder; an inheritance. 
3. The skin of a person or animal. 

4. The bark of a tree; the outer 
layer of any vegetable or fruit. 

5. The surface of any substance. 
Elua no ano o na Hi, o ka ill 
laumania a o ka ili hualala. 6. A 
small district of land, next smaller 
than an ahupuaa: He kanakolu- 
kumamakolu mau ili iloko o ke 
ahupuaa o Honolulu; there are 
thirty-three ilis in the ahupuaa of 
Honolulu, (An ili was not neces- 
sarily all in one piece, but might 
consist of a number of detached 
lele or "jumps." The ili of Puna- 
hou was of this kind.) 7. A small, 
smooth stone worn by the water; 
a pebble. 8. A side; a surface: 
ili o ka wai, surface of the water. 

Ili (i'-li), V. 1. To strike or run 
aground, as a boat; to strike a 
shoal or rock. 2. To be cast 
away; to be stranded: Ua Hi ka 
moku a nahaha; the ship was 
stranded and was broken up. 3. 
To rest on land, as a boat when 
the water subsides; to stick fast. 
4. To lay the responsibility upon 
one; to make one responsible. 5. 
To come upon one, as a bless- 
ing or a curse; to inherit. 

Iliahi (i'-li-a'-hi), n. A sandalwood 
tree (Santalum freycinetianum). 
Its timber, known in commerce as 
yellow sandalwood, commands a 
high price now on account of its 
scarcity. Its wood is deeply scent- 
ed, whence the name laau ala 
(scented wood). 

Iliaina (i'-li-a'i-na), n. A division 
of land smaller than an ahupuaa; 
subdivided in turn into moo-aina. 

Iliau (i'-li-a'u), n. A species of shrub 
(Wilkesia gymnoxiphium) having 
medicinal properties. 

Iliee (i'-li-e'e), n. Same as hiliee. 

Ilihau (i'-li-ha'u), n. The bark of the 
hau tree, of which ropes are made: 
He ilihau ke kaula. 

Ilihee (i-li-he'e), n. A shrub. The 
root is very acrid and is used as a 
medicine. Also called hiliee. 

Ilihelo (i'-li-he'-lo), n. Farmers who 
worked but little; that is, who 
tilled the soil in an unsystematic 
manner, doing here a little and 
there a little, with no fixed pur- 
pose, as distinguished from ilipilo, 
industrious and systematic cultiva- 
tors: o ka poe mahiai liilii ua ka- 
paia lakou he ilihelo. (Not now 
in use.) 




llihia (r-li-hi'a), adj. Awful; rever- 
ential; sublime. 

llihia (i'-li-hi'a), n. Fear; awe; rev- 

llihia (i'-li-hi'a), v. To be overcome 
with awe and reverence. 

Illhilauna (i-li'-hi-la-u'-na), v. See 

Hlholo (i'-li-h6'-16), n. Same as ili- 

Ilihune (I'-li-hu'-ne), adj. Poor; des- 
titute of property; indigent. 

IMhune (i'-li-hu'-ne), v. To be poor; 
to be in need; to be without 

II ill i (i'-li-i'-li), n. 1. Small, smooth 
stones worn by the water; peb- 
bles. 2. Small stones used in the 
game of konane (checkers). 

Illkai (i'-li-ka'i), adj. Horizontal: 
kaha ilikai, horizontal line. 

Ilikai (I'-li-ka'i), n. The surface of 
the sea. 

Illkala (i'-li-ka'-la), n. A shark skin; 
especially, the skin stretched over 
and fastened to a coconut shell, 
which formed a kind of drum. 

Ilikani (i'-li-ka'-ni), n. Same as ili- 

Ilikea (I-li-ke'-a), n. 1. Light -col- 
ored skin. 2. A person with a 
clear, light skin, 

lliki (i-li'-ki), n. 1. A rapid onset; 
a dash, as with a weapon; a hf.avy 
downpour, as a rainstorm. 2 Same 
as liki, which see. 

lliki (i-li'-ki), v. To dash; to strike 
against, as a weapon; to pour 
down in a torrent, as a rainstorm. 

Ilikole (i'-li-k6'-le), adj. 1 Not full- 
grown; not mature or ripe, imma- 
ture. He niu ilikole. 2. Being, 
completely without something re- 
garded as necessary or desirable; 
poverty-stricken; poor; destitute. 

Ilikona (i'-li-ko'-na), n. A small, 
hard protuberance on the skin; a 

Ilikone (i'-li-k6'-ne), adj. Same as 

Iliku (i'-li-ku'), n. [Contraction of 
ili kupono.] A nearly independent 
ili or division of land within an 
ahupuaa, tributary directly to the 
king and not, or only slightly, to 
the chief of the ahupuaa. Hono- 
hononui on the island of Hawaii, 
was an iliku. 

Ililihia (i-li'-li-hi'a), adj. See ilihia. 

Ililua (i-li-lu'-a), n. [Ili, skin, and 
lua, second.] 1. The second skin 

or new skin that follows on the 
healing of a sore. 2. The outside 
corrugated bark of a plant. 3. The 
wrinkly skin incident to old age. 
Same as ilipakalua. 4. Hence, old 
age; an aged person. 

Ililuna (i'-li-lii'-na), n. 1. The upper 
skin; hence, the surface; the top. 
2. The outer bark which is scraped 
off in making tapa. 

[lima (i-li'-ma), n. 1. A green and 
yellow-flowered plant of the genus 
Sida, the blossoms of which are 
woven into garlands for personal 
adornment. 2. The re-gion on the 
side of a mountain next below the 
apaa, said to abound with ilima. 

Ilimano (i'-li-ma-no'), n. The shark 
skin; used for making drum heads. 

I Una (i-li'-na), n. 1. An enclosure 

devoted to the burial of the dead; 
a graveyard. 2. A place where 
many are buried, as distinguished 
from a hunakele, where only one 
is buried. 3. A sepulchre; a tomb 
or vault; a grave. 
IMnawai (i-li'-na-wa'i), n. A place 
where a brook loses itself in the 

II io (i-li'o), adv. Hypocritically; 
f alsel V. 

Ilia (i-li'o), n. 1. A dog: Ilio hihiu, 
a wild dog — a wolf; ilio hahai, a 
pursuing dog— a greyhound. 2. 
The brace that holds the rafter to 
the cross beam. 3. A catamite. 4. 
Poetical for cloud. (The Hawaiian 
poet personified the clouds as ilio, 
dogs, as he had no nobler animals. 
With the term he coupled some 
descriptive adjective, as: uli, dark; 
ehu, red; hakeakea, pink, etc.) 

Ilioeha (i-li'o-e'-ha), n. A species of 
fish of the acanthuroid family. 

Ilio-ehu (i-li-6-e'-hu), n. A cloud hav- 
ing a ruddy tint. 

Iliohae (i-li'o-ha'e), ^n. 1. A fierce 
dog. 2. A wolf. 

Iliohe (i'-li-6'-he), n. 1. A common 
weed (Erigeron canadensis), 2, A 
certain species of the algae, hav- 
ing broad leaves. 

Iliohihiuhae (i-li'o-hi'-hi'u-hae), n, 1. 
A fierce, wild dog. 2. A wolf. 

Iliolelo (i'-li-6-le'-16), n. . One who 
tattles or gossips; a talebearer; 
a tattler, 

Iliolelo (i'-li-6-le'-16), v. To tell tales; 
to gossip; to tattle. 

Iliomaka (i'-li-6-ma'-ka), n. The fore- 




lliomea (i-lI-6-me'-a), n. A light gray 
or white cloud. 

Iliouli (i-li'-6-u-li), n. A dark cloud; 
a rain cloud. 

liipakalua (Mi-pa'-ka-lu'a), n. Same 
as ililua, and more modern. 1. 
Wrinkled skin. 2. The rough outer 
bark of a plant or fruit. 

ilipalapala (i'-li-pa'-13.-pa'-la), n. The 
skin of animals prepared for writ- 
ing; a parchment. 

Ilipilo (I'-li-pi'-lo), n. An efficient 
farmer; one who cultivated indus- 
triously and systematically, work- 
ing all day, as distinguished from 
ilihelo, a shiftless and unsystem- 
atic farmer who worked but little: 
o ka poe mahiai a po ka la ua 
kapaiia lakou he iiipilo. (Not now 
in use). 

Iliwahi (i'-li-wa-hl'), n. The sheath 
of a sword or similar bladed 
weapon; any sheath; a case or 
covering, as for a sword; a scab- 

iliwai (I'-li-wa'i), adj. 1. Lying in a 
plane; level; even; plane. 2, Hor- 
izontal: he kaha iliwai, a horizon- 
tal line. Syn: Ilikai. 

Iliwai (i'-lT-wa'i), n. 1. A horizontal 
line, plane, surface, or position; a 
level. 2. A leveling instrument. 3. 
A flexible tube or pipe of rubber, 
etc., for conveying water; a hose. 

Ilo (i'-16), n. 1. The larva of a fly; 
a maggot. 2. Any creeping or 
crawling animal, whether large or 
small, as a grub, caterpillar, or the 
like; a worm. See enuhe. 

Iloilo (i'-16-i'-16), adj. Full of worms 
or maggots; wormy. 

Iloilo (i'-16-i'-16), V. To be full of 
worms; to be wormy. Ua iloilo 
ka ia, ua kauia nae e ka iloilo 

Iloko (M6'-k6), prep. In; inside; 

Noli (i-16'-li), n. 1. A strong smell; 
an offensive odor: Ka iloli o ka 
mano. 2. The unpleasant sensa- 
tions of pregnancy. 

Huna (i-lu'-na), adv. Toward a 
higher place or level; upward; up. 

Iluna (i-lu'-na), prep. Up; upon; 

Imaka (i'-ma-ka), n. A watchtower. 

I mi (I'-mi), v. 1. To search for; to 
explore throughly; to look for; to 
go in search or quest of; to try 
to discover; to seek. E imi hala; 
to seek evil. 2. To try or examine. 

as by probing or testing; to exam- 
ine with close attention to detail. 

Imihala (i'-mi-ha'-la), v. To find 
fault with; to blame. 

I mi hale (i'-mi-ha'-le), n. One who is 
a seeker of property; a heritage 
seeker, in distinction from one 
who is to possess it, known as the 
noho hale: O Kamehameha ka 
imihale, o Liholiho ka noho hale. 

Imihale (i'-mi-ha'-le), v. To seek an 
inheritance for one's children. 

Imlhia (i'-mi-hi'a), v. The passive 
form of the verb imi. (The "h" 
being inserted in imiia for the 
sake of euphony). 

Imilmi (i'-mi-i'-mi), v. Freq. of imi. 

Imlolelo (i'-mi-6-le'-16), v. 1. To lie. 
2. To obtain a thing by false 
statements. 3. To prattle; to tell 
tales; to slander. 4. To find 
words to accomplish a purpose. 

I mo (i'-m6), n. A wink; a winking; 
a twinkling. 

Imo (i'-m6), v. 1. To wink. Syn: 
Amo. 2. To snap, as the eyes on 
drinking something very acid. 3. 
To twinkle, as a star. 

Imoimo (i'-m6-i'-m6), adv. At a 
great distance; very far off. 

Imoimo (i'-m6-i'-m5), v. See imo. 

Imu (i'-mti), n. A place for baking 
food; a pit for roasting meat; an 
oven. Syn: Umu. 

Imua (i-mii'a), prep. Before; in 
front of; in the presence of. Imua 
no o Kekuokalani a make. 

Imuli (i-mu'-li), prep. At the back 
of; in the rear; behind. 

Imuloa (i'-mu-16'a), n. A long oven 
or imu; a shallow, oblong pit for 
sweating the sick. In preparing 
the imuloa, uhaloa and lama were 
used for fuel to produce live coals, 
over which were spread a thick 
layer of ape leaves. Upon this 
bed of green leaves the naked 
patient was laid and covered up 
with enough tapa to confine the 
steam. Then the practice of exor- 
cism was performed with prayers 
to Lono and Hina. 

Imuloa (i'-mii-16'a), v. To perform 
the practice of sweating in the 
imuloa; to cause to sweat by 
steam, especially in an oven, or 

Ina (i-na'), adv. In truth; in fact; 

Ina (i-na'), adv. At this place; right 
here. It is always followed by the 




verbal directive iho: Ina iho ke 
ala; here is the way. 

Ina (i-na'), conj. Provided or on 
condition that; if. 

Ina (ina'), interj. An exclamation 
expressive of a wish. O that! 
Would that! Ina no au i make 
nou! O that I had died for thee! 

Ina (i'-na), n. A sea egg; a sea- 

Ina (i-na'), n. The presence of a 
person, place or thing. 

Ina (I'-na), v. 1. To raise by means 
of a lever; to pry up. 2. To vary 
in utterance for the sake of the 
expression; to modulate: E ina ka 
leo; modulate the voice, 

Ina (i-na'), v. To go; to do (some- 
thing): used imperatively. Ina 
kakou; let us go. 2. To make 
speed; to be quick: used in ex- 
hortation: Ina hoi: let us be quick. 

Inahea (I'-na-he'a), adv. At what 
time? When? Inahea oe i hele 
mai ai? When did you come? 

Inai (i-na'i), n. A relish; a con- 

Ina ina (T-na'i-na), adj. 1. Moved 
with anger; full of wrath; wrath- 
ful; angry. 2. Feeling or mani- 
festing hatred; malignant; hateful 

Inaina (i-na'i-na), n. 1. Anger; rage; 
wrath. 2. Malice; hatred. 

Inaina (i'-na-i'-na), n. The reddish 
evacuation which precedes labor 
in childbirth. Ua hemo ka inaina 
o ke keiki. ua kokoke paha i ka 
manawa e hanau ai. 

I'naina (i-na'i-na), v. 1. To be angry 
with; to be affected with anger. 
2. To dislike; to abhor; to hate. 

Inaina (I'-na-i'-na), v. To shake; to 
move; to disturb; to stir. 

Inainaia (i-na'i-na-i'a), adj. Regarded 
with aversion; held in disfavor; 
disliked; hated. 

Inaleo (i'-na-le'o), n. A preposition; 
a word which denotes the relation 
of an object to an action or thing, 
so called because it is usually 
placed before its object. 

Inalua (I'-na-lii'a), n. A trap-like 
basket used in catching fish. He 
Inalua, he huehue, he laau hihi, he 
mea hopu ia. 

Inamona (i'-na-mo'-na), n. The meat 
of the kukui nut roasted and 
pounde-d up with salt as a relish 
for food. 

I nana (i-na'-na), v. To walk about 
idly, without any definite object; 
to roam about; to loaf. 

I nana (i-na-na'), v. Let me see; 
show me, etc. Used only impera- 

Inane (i-na'-ne), v. Same as inana. 

Ine (i'-ne), conj. A corruption of 

Inea (I'-ne'a), adj. 1. Unfortunate; 
unsuccessful; calamitous. 2. With- 
out reward; useless; vain: He 
hana inea ka hewa; Sin is labor 
without reward. 3. (Rare, applied 
to persons.) True, stanch, stead- 
fast: hoa inea, a true friend, that 
is, one who is a companion in 
hardship or misfortune. 

Inea (i-ne'a), n. Hard toil with little 
reward; fruitless labor: Na hoa 
o keia inea, o ka poe nana e 

Inehinei (i-ne'-hi-ne'i), adv. Yester- 
day; on the day last past: ine- 
hinei kela la aku, day before yes- 

Inei (i-ne'i), adv. Here; at this 
place. Syn: lanei. 

Ineihinei (i-ne'i-hi-ne'i). adv. Same 
as inehinei. 

Ineka (i-ne'-ka), n. See inika. 

Iniha (i-ni'-ha), n. An inch, the 
twelfth part of a foot. 

Iniiniki (I'-ni-i-m'-ki), v. To pinch 
often or frequently; to nip a little. 
Se^ iniki. 

Inika (i-ni'-ka), n. 1. Ink; a colored 
liquid used in writing; hence, the 
Hawaiian equivalent waieleele 
(black water). 2. A species of 
plant (Basella rubra). 

Iniki (i-ni'-ki), v. 1. To squeeze be- 
tween two hard edges, as between 
a thumb and a finger; to pinch. 
2. To snatch away; to carry off; 
to nip off. 

Inikini (i'-ni-ki'-ni), n. Indians, the 
aborigines of America: He nui na 
lahui Inikini e noho ana ma Amer- 
ika; many are the tribes of In- 
dians in America. 

I no (i'-no), adj. Bad; wicked; vile; 

I no (i'-no), adv. 1. In a bad man- 
ner; improperly; wickedly; badly. 
2. Much; very; exceedingly: an 
intensive word: aloha ino; exceed- 
ingly loving. 

Ino (i'-no), n. 1. Iniquity; depravity; 
wickedness. 2. A poor grade, char- 
acter, or quality: Ke ino o ka 



pepa a me ka inika; the poor 
quality of the paper and ink. 3. 
A gale; a storm of wind and rain; 
a tempest: he Ino huhu, a horrible 
tempest. 4. The commotion, dis- 
turbance, or agitation of a multi- 
tude; a tumult: He ino o uka, ke 
lele ino mai nei ke ao. 

Ino (i'-n6), v. 1. To be or become 
worthless; to become bad. 2. To 
be infected or contaminated; to 
become corrupt. 3. To injure; to 
hurt: Oia ka mea e ino ai ke kino; 
that is what injures the body. 

Inoa (i-n6'a), n. A name, the dis- 
tinctive appellation by which a 
person or thing is known. 

Inoino (i'-n6-i'-n6), adj. 1. Bad; 
worthless. 2. Despicable. 3. Poor 
In quality. 4. In poor condition. 
5. Disorderly. 

Inoino (i'-n6-i'-n6), n. 1. Badness; 
worthlessness. 2. Indecency. 3. A 
bad disposition. 

Inoino (I'-nS-r-nS), v. 1. To be bad; 
to be worthless. 2. To be un- 
pleasing. (Antonym for malkai). 

3. To be sad; to be grieved: No 
ke aha la i inoino ai kou maka? 
Why is your countenance sad? 

4. To be tempestuous. Inoino ke 
kai; the sea is tempestuous. (The 
meaning is distinguished by inton- 

Inu (I'-nii), n. 1. Any liquid for 
drinking; a beverage; a drink. 2. 
The act or habit of taking spirit- 
uous liquors, especially to excess; 
drinking: ka ino o ka inu; the 
act of drinking. 

Inu (i'-nii), v. 1. To take a liquid 
into the stomach through the 
mouth; to drink. 2. To drink or 
take in, as Intoxicating liquors; to 

Inuwai (i'-nu-wa'i), n. 1. The name 
of a sea breeze which blows over 
the island of Lehua, near Kauai. 
2. The name of a temperance so- 
ciety that once existed among the 

lo (i'o), adj. Not imaginary; true; 
real: Ua paa ka manao o na 
kanaka he akua io no o Lono; the 
minds of the people were firm (in 
the belief that) that Lono (Cap- 
tain Cook) was a real god. 

lo (i'o), adv. Truly; really; verily; 
certainly: Ua hana io no oia pela; ' 
he really did so. I 

lo (i-o'), adv. In that place; at a 
distance; yonder: Aia no ia io; 
there he is yonder. 

lo (i'o), n. A bundle, package or 
parcel made up for transportation 
or storing. (Applies only to food- 
stuffs). He io paakai; a bundle of 
salt. 2. One who announces the 
approach of a chief; a forerunner. 
3. A large buteonine hawk (Buteo 
solitarius); a buzzard. 4. A 
sport in which the object of the 
players is to keep from being 
caught or touched by the one who 
chases them for that purpose, sim- 
ilar to the game of tag. 

lo (i'o), n. 1. Lean flesh; the animal 
muscle: He io kue; an antagonis- 
tic muscle. 2. Flesh in general. 
3. One's person. 4. Kindred; rel- 
atives. 5. Reality; truth; verity. 
6. The substance of a matter; the 
main point; the gist. 

lo (i-o'), prep. To; towards: used 
before proper names and pro- 
nouns. See ia. 

lo (i'6), V. To hasten away with 
fear; to flee. 

lo (i'o), V. To be loaded down with 
bundles. See laulau. 

loena (i-o-e'-nS), adj. 1. Wild; sav- 
age; untamed. 2. Not sociable; 
averse to companionship. 

loio (i'o-i'o), adj. Chirping; peep- 
ing: He manu loio; a peeping bird 

loio (i'o-i'o), n. The clitoris. 

loio (i'o-i'o), V. 1. To utter a low 
sharp sound; to chirp; to cheep; 
to peep. 2, To project upward, as 
the peak of a mountain: loio ae 
ana o Puuonioni e oni ae ana e 
like me Maunakea. 3. To taper. 

loio (i-o'-i-o'), V. To look here and 
there, as a thief who is about to 

loiolea (i'o-i'o-le'a), adj. 1. Brisk; 
spirited; lively. 2. Quick temp- 
ered; angry. 3. Lean; feeble. 4. 

loiolepo (i'o-i'o-le'-p6), n. 1. A bearer 
of tidings; a messenger to carry 
news. 2. A tattler; an idle talker. 

lokupu (i'o-kii'-pfl), n. 1. A polypus, 
a disease of the nose. 2. A gum 
boil. A small boil formed on the 
gum. 3. The lampers, a disease in 
the roof of a horse's mouth, 

lolana (i'o-ia'-na), v. To float in the 
air, as a bird. 




lole (i-6'-le), n. A mouse or rat: 
lole nui; a wharf rat, a rabbit, or 
a mole. 

lolea (i'o-le'a), adj. 1. Wild; sav- 
age; untamed. 2. Not sociable; 
averse to companionship. 

lolenui (i-o'-le-nii'i), n. A rat, es- 
pecially the large wharf-rat. Prop- 
erly written as two separate 
words, iole nui. 

lolerabati (i-6'-le-la-pa-ki), n. A rab- 
bit. Properly written as two sep- 
arate words, iole rabati. 

loliu (i'o-li'u), n. The lean flesh in- 
side the backbone of beef, etc., ad- 
joining the ribs. The flesh outside 
of it is called uhau. 

lomaha (i'o-ma'-ha), n. The temple 
muscle. Properly written as two 
separate words, io maha. 

lomo (T-6'-m6), v. 1, To drop sud- 
denly into the water without a 
splash. 2. To leap into the water 
without a spatter, as a frog. Also 
written iamo. 

lopono (i'o-po'-no), n. 1. A class of 
persons, generally high chiefs, who 
were formerly entrusted with the 
care of the person and effects of 
the king. 2. A relative or friend 
whose faithfulness may be trusted: 
He hoahanau iopono no kela nou. 
ua make no oe he iopono. 

Ipo (i'-p6), n. 1. A sweetheart. 2. 
A paramour. 

Ipo (i'-p6), V. 1. To become a sweet- 
heart or a paramour. 

Ipoipo (i'-p6-i'-p6), V. See ipo. 

Ipu (I'-pu), n. 1. Any cucurbita- 
ceous plant, and its fruit, as melon, 
pumpkin, etc. 2. A general name 
for a vessel or container, as dish, 
cup. mug, etc., each kind being 
designated by some additional 
word expressive of its use. 

Ipuahl (I'-pii-a'-hT), n. A vessel for 
burning incense, especially in re- 
ligious ceremonies; a thurible; a 

Ipual (i'-pu-a'i), n. A calabash or 
vessel for containing food. 

Ipuaimaka (i'-pu-a'i-ma'-ka), n. The 
fruit of certain species of plant 
of the gourd family (Cucurbita- 
ceae), especially the muskmelon or 
the watermelon, which is eaten 

Ipuala (i'-pu-a'-la), n. 1. A box for 
containing the several articles 
used in making one's toilet. ?.. 
The aromatic fruit of a certain 

species of the melon, as the musk- 
melon, the cantaloupe, nutmeg, or 

Ipuauau (i'-pu-a'u-a'u), n. A large 
basin or other receptable to wash 
in: a washbasin; a laver. 

Ipuawa (i'-pu-a'-wa), n. The bitter 

Ipuawaawa (i'-pu-a'-wa-a'-wa), n. 
Same as ipuawa. 

Ipubaka (I'-pu-ba'-ka), n. A tobacco 

Ipuhao (i'-pu-ha'o), n. An iron pot. 

Ipuhaole (i'-pu-ha'-6-le), n. A for- 
eign ipu; hence, a watermelon. 

Ipuholoholona (i'-pu-ho'-lo-ho-lo'-na), 
n. 1, A vessel or calabash for 
bait. 2. A long upright calabash 
for holding a fisherman's outfit, 
as lines, hooks, bait, etc. 

Ipuholoi (i'-pu-h6-16'i), n. A wash 
basin. Syn: Ipuauau. 

Ipuia (i'-pu-i'a), n. A vessel or dish 
for containing fish or meat. 

Ipulnika (I'-pu-i-ni'-ka), n. An ink- 
well; an inkstand. 

Ipuka (i-pu'-ka), n. 1. Any means or 
avenue of exit or entrance; a pas- 
sageway; a door. 2. A movable 
barrier closing a passage or an 
opening; a gate. 3. An opening in 
the wall for the admission of light 
and air; a window. 

Ipukai (i'-pG-ka'i), n. A calabash or 
vessel in which fish or meat is 
kept or preserved. 

Ipukalua (i'-pu-ka'-lua), n. The ed- 
ible fruit of any one of the various 
trailing plants of the genus Cucur- 
bita, as the pumpkin, squash, or 
melon when baked. 

Ipukapuahi (i'-pu-ka'-pu-a'-hi), n. A 
censer; a thurible. See ipuahi. 

Ipukukui (i'-pu-ku-kii'i), n. 1. A sup- 
port with a socket or sockets for 
holding a candle or candles; a 
candlestick; also, a candelabra. 2. 
Any device employing a flame for 
furnishing an artificial light; a 

Ipukuniala (i'-pu-kii'-ni-a'-la), n. A 
censer; a thurible. See ipuala. 

Ipulaau (I'-pii-la-a'u), n. A wooden 

Ipulei (i'-pu-le'i), n. 1. A decorated 
calabash used as a receptable for 
leis and choice tapas. 2. A per- 
son with a large body and small 
legs: a term of reproach to the 
people of Kohala. Ipulei Kohala 
na ka moae ku. 




Ipulepo (i'-pu-le'-p6), n. A potter's 
vessel; an earthenware pot. 

Ipunui (i'-pu-nu'i), n. 1. The great 
bronze laver in Solomon's temple 
at Jerusalem. 2. A large contain- 
er (ipu). 

Ipupu (i'-pu-pu'), n. Pumpkin or 

IputI (i'-pu-ti'), n. A teapot. 

Ipuwaiauau (i'-pu-wa'i-a'u-a'u), n. 1. 
A washbasin. Syn: Ipuauau. 2. 
(Biblical.) A laver. Syn: Ipuauau. 
3. A class of ancient Hawaiian 
people who kept the genealogies of 
the chiefs, because they washed the 
characters of the chiefs so far as 
their pedigrees were concerned. Ua 
kapaia ka poe kuauhau he ipuwai- 
auau no na alii. 

lu (i'u), adj. Sacred; entitled to 
reverence or respect; not to be 
profaned or lightly treated; invio 
lable. lu kahi o ke alii; sacred is 
the place of the chief. 

lu (i'u), n. 1. A tabu enforced on 
women after childbirth, or during 
the period of me-nstruation. 2. 
A sacred place; a consecrated 
spot: Noho ke alii i ka iu; the 
king sits in the sacred place. 

lubile (iu'-bi-le'), adj. Of or pertain- 
ing to jubilee; jubilant; exulting. 

lubile (i'u-bl-le'), n. The fiftieth an- 
niversary of any event; jubilee. 

ludaio (iu-kai'-6), n. A descendant 
of Abraham; a Jew. 

luiu (i'u-i'u), adj. Majestic; lofty; 
stately. See poiuiu. 

luiu (i'u-i'u), n. A place supposed 
to be afar off or high up above 
the eart^n or beneath the ocean, 
sacred as the dwelling place of 
gods: Ke Akua noho i ka iuiu; the 
God that dwells in a place afar 

luiu (i'u-i'u), V. To be afar off; to 
be high up; to be in a sacred 

luka (i-u'-ka), adv. Toward the in- 
terior of a land; inland. 

lulai (iu-la'i), n. July, the seventh 
month of the year. 

lunipera (iu'-ni-pe'-la), n. An ever- 
green shrub or tree, the juniper. 

lupita (iu-pi'-ka), n. The planet Jup- 
iter. Syn: Kaawela. 

Iwa (I'-wa), adj. Ninth; one of nine 
equal parts. 

Iwa (I'-wa), n. The frigate-bird 
(Fregata aquila) ; the man-of-war 

Ke ike i ka iwa. 

Ho i:i ko lalo. 

Iwa (iwa'), n. 1. A thief: named 
after Iwahue, a notorious thief 
who lived long ago. 

Iwaena (i-wri'e-nil), prep. In the 
midst of; between; among. 

Iwaenakonu (i-wa'e-na-ko'-nii), n. The 
middle, the center of a circle; the 
middle point of a closed curve or 
surface; the point equally distant 
from the extremities, or from the 
different sides of anything. 

Iwaho (i-wa'-h6), adv. 1. From the 
inside or within; out. E hele oe 
iwaho; you go out. 2. On the ex- 
terior; without; outside: Ua hele 
oia iwaho; he went outside. 

Iwa iwa (i'-wa i'-wa), n. A species of 
fern (Adiantum capillus-veneris) ; 
a very delicate and graceful fern 
with an erect black stem, common 
in damp rocky woods; the maiden- 
hair, maiden's-hair or Venus' hair. 

Iwal<alua (i'-wa-ka'-lu'a), adj. Twice 
ten; twenty: a cardinal numeral. 

Iwakalua (i'-wa-ka'-lii'a), n. 1. The 
sum of ten and ten; twice ten; 
twenty: a cardinal number. 2. 
Any symbol representing this num- 
ber; as, XX. 

Iwi (i'-wi), adj. 1. Crooked; curved. 
2. Pointed; stiffly bearded; bris- 
tled. Ina i ehuehu ma ke kikala, 
he hulu iwi ia puaa. 

Iwi (i'-wi), n. 1. A bone. 2. The 
midrib of a vegetable leaf. 3. The 
side of an upland field of taro. 4. 
A coconut shell. 5. The stones 
that mark the boundaries of lands, 
sometimes a low stone wall; the 
boundary stones or stone wall. Ka 
iwi o na wahi a ka poe kahiko 
i mahi ai; the boundary stones of 
the places where the ancients cul- 
tivated. 6. A corn-cob. 7. The re- 
mains of a lime-pit or lime-kiln, 
8. A near kindred; a close rel- 
ative: He iwi halua oe, he iwi kau 
i ka awaloa. 9. See iiwi. 

Iwi (i'-wi), V. To look obliquely; to 
cast sidelong glances; to squint. 

Iwia (i'-wi-a'), n. The jawbone; the 
maxillary bone. 

iwialalo (i'-wi-a'-la'-16), n. The lower 
jawbone; the inferior maxillary 

Iwialuna ( i'-wi-a '-lii'-na), n. The up- 
per, jawbone; the superior maxil- 
lary bone. 




Iwlaoao (I'-wi-a'o-a'o), n. The rib, 
one of the bones attached to the 
spine and tending to encircle the 

Iwielelo (i'-wi-e-le'-16), n. The hyoid 
bone, the bone in the base of thje 

Iwihilo (i'-wi-hi'-16), n. The thigh- 
bone; the femur. 

Iwihoehoe (i'-wi-ho'e-ho'e), n. The 
shoulder-blade; the shoulder-bone; 
the scapula. 

Iwihope (i'-wi-ho'-pe), n. The occipi- 
tal bone; the bone which forms 
the posterior segment of the skull. 

Iwihua (i'-wi-hii'a), n. The hip-bone; 
a large irregular bone belonging 
to the pelvis, and forming the 
principal prominence of the hip. 

Iwiiwi (I'-wi-i'-wi), adj. 1. Showing 
the bones through the skin; thin; 
lean; bony. 2. Same as iwi. 

Iwika (i'-wi-ka'), n. The ischium; 
the part of the hip-bone on which 
the body rests when sitting. 

Iwikaele (I'-wi-ka-e'-le), n. The keel 
of a ship; the body of a canoe: 
E kalai i ka iwikaele. 

Iwikala (i'-wi-ka'-la), n. See iwikaele. 

Iwikalakua (i'-wi-ka'-la-kii'a), n. The 
spine's on the dorsal fin of a fish. 

Iwikalalo (I'-wi-ka-la'-lS), n. The 
rays supporting the ventral fin of 
a fish. 

Iwi kanaka (i'-wi-ka-na'-ka), n. A hu- 
man bone. 

Iwikanana (i'-wi-ka-na'-n^), n. The 
frontal bone, the bone of the an- 
terior part of the skull, forming 
the skeleton of the forehead. 

Iwikano (I'-wi-ka'-no), n. The preax- 
ial bone of the fore limb; one of 
the two long bones of the forearm; 
the radius. 

Iwikele (I'-wi-ke'-le), n. See iwi 

Iwiku (i'-wi-ku'), n. [Iwi and ku, 
to stand.] One of the bones of 
the lower leg. 

Iwikuamoo (i'-wi-ku'-a-mo'o), n. [Iwi 
and kuamo'o, lizard.] 1. The bones 
of the back; the backbone. 2. A 

near relative of a high chief whose 
office was to attend the person of 
the chief, execute his orders, etc.; 
ko ke alii mau iwikuamoo ponoi. 
Laieik. p. 35. See ilamuku and 

Iwilae (i'-wi-la'e), n. The bone of 
the forehead. 

Iwi lei (i'-wi-le'i), n. 1. The shoul- 
der bone; the collar bone. 2, The 
measure of a yard, that is, from 
the breast bone to the end of the 
longest finger. 

Iwimaha (i'-wi-ma'-ha), n. The cheek 
bone. He wahi iwi ewaewa ia, 

Iwiole (i'-wi-6'-le), n. An adz, a 
tool having its blade at right 
angles with its handle and usually 

Iwiopeapea (i'-wi-6-pe'a-pe'a), n. The 
two bones between the occipital 
and frontal bones that form a part 
of the top and sides of the cra- 
nium: the parietal bones. 

Iwipili (i'-wi-pi'-li), n. 1. The double 
or united bones of the arm or leg. 
2, The longitudinal ridge in the 
pili grass that was used in thatch- 
ing houses. 

Iwlpona (i'-wi-po'-na), n. [Iwi, bone, 
and pona, joint.] 1. A joint. 2. 
The bones of a person separated 
from each other and all jumbled 
together: hai pu ka iwlpona i ka 

Iwipoo (i'-wi-po'o), n. Skeleton of 
the head; the skull bones. 

Iwipuhaka (T'-wi-pu'-ha'-ka), n. [Iwi, 
bone, and puhaka, loins.] The 
bones of the loins. 

Iwipuhi (i'-wi-pu'-hi), n. 1. A carved 
design on a tapa beater, consisting 
of a herring-bone figure with one 
or two long ridges in the center. 
2. A variety of the banana plant 
and its fruit. 

Iwipuniu (i'-wi-pu-ni'-u), n. Same as 
iwipoo, the skull. 

Iwluluna (i'-wi-u-lii'-na), n. The bone 
of the upper arm or fore limb; the 

Iwiumauma (i'-wi-u'-ma-u'-ma), n. 
The breastbone, the sternum. 

K, the fifth letter of the Hawaiian 
alphabet. Its sound varies some- 
what from the English K sound to 
that of the T, according as the 

enunciation is made at the end of 
the tongue or near the root. The 
natives on the island of Hawaii 
generally pronounce the letter 




with the palate, that is, give it the 
K sound, while the natives of the 
island of Kauai pronounce it with 
the end of the tongue, that is, pro- 
nounce it as T. K has a short 
hard sound, as in certain combina- 
tions of K and E, as Ken, Keg, 
Kelp, etc. Often, in words that 
required more than a single K 
sound the T was used in place of 
a second K, as ketahi for kekahi. 
This form, however, was peculiar 
to the natives of Kauai, and finds 
no place in the average talk of the 
present day. 

Ka (ka), art. 1. The definite article, 
the. It is one of the three defi- 
nite articles, ka, ke, and he. 

Ka (ka), adv. or conj. A word ex- 
pressing opposition in passing from 
one thought to another: Ua olelo 
kaua e hele pu, aole ka oe e hele 
ana; You and I said we would go 
together but you are not going, or 
he kau malie ka la, o ka honua ka 
ke kaa nei! it is the sun, is it, that 
stands still, the earth, forsooth, 
that rolls! Ka contains the idea 
of some supposed error, or some- 
thing wrongly done or thought. 

Ka (ka), interj. An exclamation of 
surprise, wonder, disappointment or 
disgust. See kahaha. 

Ka (ka), n. The long slender stem 
of any plant that trails on the 
ground; a vine: as pu ka, pumpkin 

Ka (ka), n. A sudden violent 
hit; an unnatural fling with a 
whirling motion of the arm. 2. A 
dish to bail water with. 

Ka (ka), prep. Of; belonging to; it 
marks the relation of possession 
and is used before nouns and pro- 
nouns; it is similar in meaning to 
the preposition a, but used in a 
different part of the sentence. Ka 
(also ko) before nouns is similar 
in meaning to the apostrophic S in 
English, and signifies the thing or 
the things belonging to these 
nouns; as, ka ke alii, belonging to 
the chief; ka laua, that of those 

Ka (ka). A particle; word used 
orally to call attention. 

Ka (ka), v. 1. To bail water, as 
from a canoe: E ka oe i ka llu; 
you bail the leakage. 2. To break; 
to shatter; to throw violently. 3. 
To strike with a quick, hard 

stroke, as to strike fire with flint 
and steel. 4. To radiate or pro- 
ceed in direct line from a point, as 
in making a fish-net or weaving; 
to braid or knit; to make or mend 
texture, as nets, woven fabric, etc. 

5. To make a completion or end- 
ing of; to destroy utterly: E aho 
hoi e ka i ka nele lua; it were 
better that both should cease. 
Laieik. p. 197. 6. To turn over the 
soil; to uproot. 

Kaa (ka'a), adv. Gone; absent; no 

Kaa (ka'a), n. 1. Anything that 
rolls or turns, as a top or a car- 
riage wheel; a carriage itself; a 
cart; wagon or chariot; a grind- 
stone: kaa i uhiia, a covered 
wagon. 2. All kinds of foreign 
timber, except oak. 3. Same as 
puukaa, a rolling hill. 4. One of 
the twists of fiber composing a 
rope. 5. Primitive form of kaao, 
legend. From kaa, v., to roll off 

Kaa (ka-a'), n. Thread made of fi- 
ber; a very small twist or thread 
used to fasten a hook to the fish- 
. line. 

Kaa (ka'a), v. 1. To radiate; to go 
out, as rays of light from the sun; 
as sparks from a red hot iron. 
2. To turn every way, as bones in 
a socket joint. 3. To roll; roll off. 
See olokaa. 4. To revolve; to 
roll, as a wheel. 5. To take ef- 
fect as a cathartic. Syn: Naha. 

6. To be over; to be done; to be 
past: ua kaa na peelua; the cater- 
pillars are past. 7. Word express- 
ing a continuous or protracted 
state: as ua kaa oia i ka mai; he 
is confined with long sickness. 
Literally, he revolves in sickness, 
rolls around in illness. 8. Pay; 
satisfy; set aside. 

Kaaa (ka-a'a), n. [Ka, the, and aa 
should be written as separate 
words.] See aa. 

Kaaha (ka-a'-ha), n. [Ka, the, and 
aha.] 1. Cord braided from the 
husk of the coconut. Syn: Aha. 
2. Wand or staff of authority used 
by a priest in blessing the sacri- 
fice placed on the lele (altar). 3. 
Same as aha, a species of fish. 

Kaahaaha (ka'-a-ha-a'-ha), v. 1. To 
grow; to increase in size and so- 
lidity. 2. To grow thriftily, as in 
plant life. 




Kaahale (ka'a-ha'-le), n. [Kaa, a 
cart, and hale, house.] A house- 
like cart or carriage. 

Kaahe (ka'a-he'), v. [Ka, the, and 
ahe, slight breathing.] 1. To be 
feeble; to be near dying: Pehea o 
Auhea? Aole akaka ka pono ke 
kaahe ae la. 2. To labor for 

Kaahele (ka'a-he'-le), v. [Kaa and 
hele, to go.] To travel about; to 
visit different parts of the coun- 
try; to go here and there. To pass 
over or through a country. 

Kaai (ka-a'i), n. Sash; belt; any- 
thing used as a girdle: Poai, ohao 
aku i ke kaai; Encircle and tie 
with a girdle. 

Kaai (ka-a'i), v. 1. To bind or tie 
round; to gird on, as an oriental 
dress; to tie on, as a fillet on the 
head, or a girdle around the waist. 
Syn: Kaei. 2. [Ka, to tear or root 
up, and ai, food.] To take up food 
out of the soil; to gather the 
crop: ia makou e kaai ana, when 
we were pulling the crop. 

Kaakaa (ka'a-ka'a), v. 1. To open, 
as the eyes; to look upon; to have 
respect for; to watch over. See 
hookaakaa. 2. To cause to open, 
as the eyes. 3. To watch: E noho 
oe e kaakaa i ka hale; you stay 
and watch the house. 

Kaakaahiki (ka'a-ka'a-hi'-ki), v. To 
be actively employed; to be enthu- 
siastic in any endeavor to attain 
or gain. 

Kaakaalina (ka'a-ka'a-li'-na), adj. 1. 
Tough; stringy; not soft or pulpy; 
applied to bananas. 2. Viscid; 
gluey. 3. Well seasoned; juicy. 

Kaakaawili (ka'a-ka'a-wl'-li), v. To 
writhe in agony: hookaakaawili 
iho la oia no kona ehaeha, he 
writhed much, being in great pain. 

Kaakalolo (ka'a-ka'-16'-lo), adj. Des- 
titute; forsaken; in condition of 
extreme poverty. 

Kaakalolo (ka'a-ka'-16'-lo), v. [Kaa, 
to roll about, ka, article the, and 
lolo, brain.] To be upset or dis- 
turbed in the mind because desti- 

Kaakaua (ka'a-ka'u-a), adj. Dexter- 
ous in warfare. 

Kaakaua (ka'a-ka'u-a), n. 1. A 
class of chiefs consulted by the 
king in times of difficulty: he alii 
kaakaua, he alii akamai i ke kaa- 
kaua; koho oia i kekahi poe ka- 

naka akamai i ke kakaolelo, ame 
ke kaakaua, i mau hoaolelo nona. 

2. One skillful in managing war 
operations: o ka mea akamai i ke 
kaua, he kaakaua ia. Kaakaua also 
refers to the maneuvers of the 
armies in time of battle. 3. (Mod.) 
A chariot; a war carriage. 

Kaakaua (ka'a-ka'u-a), v. [Kaa, to roll 
about, and kaua, to battle.] To ma- 
neuver in warfare to manage in 
the disposition of fighting forces. 

Kaakolu (ka'a-ko'-lu), adj. Three- 
fold; three-stranded, as a rope. 

Kaakua (ka'a-ku'-a), adv. Fraudu- 
lently: kukini, alalia, pili nui la- 
kou, pili hihia, pili kaakua. Race 
and then bet all together; bet pro- 
miscuously, bet fraudulently. 

Kaakua (ka'a-ku'-a), n. Same as 

Kaakukua (ka'a-ku'-ku'-a), n. [Kaa, 
rolling, and kukua, backward and 
forward.] Headache accompanied 
with dizziness. 

Kaakumu (ka'a-ku'-mu), adj. Same 
as the adjective, kumumu. 

Kaala (ka-a'-la), n. 1. A mountain 
on the island of Oahu. 2. A lake 
or spring on Mount Kaala which 
is said to have taken its name from 
the mountain: Nani Kaala, he 
kiowai, na ke kehau." Beautiful is 
Kaala, fountain of the dewdrops. 

3. A beautiful woman of Lanai 
described in Hawaiian mythology. 

Kaala (ka'-a-la'), n. 1. An instru- 
ment formerly used in war. 2. A 
form of fighting anciently taught 
among the chiefs: He nui ka poe 
ao i ke kaka laau me ke kaala; 
many people learned to fence and 
to sling the ala. 

Kaala (ka'-a-la'), v. [Ka, to hurl, and 
ala, stone used as an implement 
of war.] To sling the ala. 

Kaalaala (ka'-a'-la-a'-la), adj. Hard; 
vigorous, as the healthy body of a 
growing infant; a kaalaala ke ke- 
iki e hanai i ka ai; as the child 
becomes vigorous, feed it. 

Kaalalo (ka'a-la'-lo), v. [Kaa, to 
move, and lalo, down.] 1. To di- 
rect a vessel's course off the wind. 
Kaalalo ae nei makou ia Oahu: 
We sailed on the lee side of Oahu. 
2. To talk inconsistently by way 
of flattery; to flatter; to act man- 
ly to secure some object. 3. To 
contradict one's self in talking or 
in telling a story. 




Kaalele (ka'a-le'-le), v. 1. To sway, 
as a leeble person attempting to 
lean on a staff; to reel. 2. To 
move unsteadily in walking, as 
one affected with palsy or dizzi- 
Kaalelewa (ka'a-le-le'-wa), adj. 1. 
Flying; driven with the wind; 
standing off and on, as a ship off 
port; driven about in the air or 
on the sea. 2. Rolling in the 
wind: na ao kaalelewa, rolling 

Kaalelewa (ka'a-le'-le'-wa), n. [Kaa, 
to roll, le, contraction of lele, to 
fly, and lewa, the upper regions of 
the air.] A rolling or rotating of 
anything in the air; rotation sky- 
ward. The word is used in de- 
scription of clouds which float 
swiftly through the air. It ap- 
plies to any object gyrating through 
the atmosphere. 

Kaaluna (ka'a-lu'-na), v. [Kaa, to 
go or roll over, and luna, one over 
others in command.] 1. To domi- 
neer over; to be overbearing. 2. 
To sail against the wind, indicat- 
ing a direction opposite to that of 
kaalalo. See kaalalo. 

Kaamakoi (ka-a'-ma'-ko'i), n. Thread 
used to attach the fish-hook to the 
fishing line. 

Kaamakoi (ka-a'-ma'-ko'i), v. To tie 
or attach the fish-hook to the line. 

Kaamaloo (ka'a-ma-lo*o), v. [Kaa 
and maloo, dry.] To wipe dry; 
to dry, as with a cloth. 

Kaamaluna (ka'a-ma-lu'-na), v. [Kaa 
and maluna, above.] To oversee 
business ; to exercise an office over 

Kaamehai (ka'a-me-ha'i), n. An ille- 
gitimate child. 

Kaamehai (ka'a-me-ha'i), v. [Kaa, to 
pass out from, me, with, and hai, 
another person.] To be unlawfully 

Kaamehou (ka-a'-me'-ho'u), n. Pro- i 
cess of attaching the fish-hook to 
the fish-line by the kaa. 

Kaamehou (ka-a'-me'-ho'u), v. To tie I 
the fish-hook to the fishing line | 
with a new kaa or threadlike j 
string. See kaa. 

Kaamola (ka'a-mo'-la), adj. 1. Turn-' 
ing round; changing; not stead- 
fast. ! 

Kaamola (ka'a-mo'-la), adv. Loosely. 

Kaamola (ka'a-mo'-la), v. [Kaa, roll-, 
ing, and mola, unfixed.] To turn} 

round loosely; to be not firm; not 
steadfast; not compact. 

Kaana (ka'-a'-na), v. 1. To make 
alike; to make a convert. Ua ka- 
ana mai ka bipi hihiu maloko o ka 
bipi laka. 2. To separate into 
parts for the purpose of allotment; 
to apportion. 

Kaaniau (ka'a-nl-a'u), adj. Broken; 
passed away, as a tabu; noa ke 
kapu; he kapu ka laua, noa ke 
kapu, the tabus of the long gods 
and the short gods are no more. 
See noa. 

Kaanini (ka'a-ni'-ni), v. 1. To be 
agitated; to be flustered. 2. To 
run in agitation, as a child wish- 
ing to catch up with its parent 
who has started before. 3. To 
writhe. 4. To turn around rapid- 
ly; to whirl. 

Kaanoi (ka-a-no'i), n. [Ka, the, anoi, 
desire.] A desire; an eager wish. 

Kaao (ka'-a'o), n. Over-ripe condi- 
tion of fruit. Particularly ascribed 
to the cone of the hala (pandanus) 
tree when the nodules begin to fall 

Kaao (ka-a'o), n. A legend; a tale 
of ancient times; a fable: Aole i 
oleloia ma na kaao kahiko o ko o 
nei poe kanaka; it is not spoken 
of in the ancient legends of this 
people. See kaa. 

Kaao (ka-a'o), v. To recite, to nar- 
rate; applicable only to fictitious 
and traditionary tales: I ua po nei 
e kaao ana oia ia makou; on that 
night he was telling us a story. 

Kaao (ka'-a'o), v. To be calm in 
some places while the wind blows 
on one side or in some parts: 
kaao ae la ka makani; to be 
smooth, as the sea in a calm, but 
not a dead calm. 

Kaaoe (ka'a-o-e'), adj. Same as 

Kaaoe (ka'a-o-e'), n. Same as kaa- 

Kaaoki (ka'a-o'-ki), v. [Kaa, to sep- 
arate from, and oki, to stop.] 1. To 
complete; to finish off, as a canoe. 
2. To beautify, as in putting on 
the finish: Kaaoki iho oe i kahi 
puniu a haawi mai; finish off the 
puniu (coconut shell cup) and give 
it to me 

Kaaokoa (ka'a-6'-k6'-a), adj. 1. Sep- 
arate. 2. Remaining. 3. Total; 




Kaaokoa (ka'a-6'-ko'-a), v. [Kaa, to 
roll, and okoa, wholly.] To roll off 
entirely; to separate from as a 
whole, as: ua kaaokoa ka aie; the 
debt is wholly paid. See kaokoa. 

Kaaona (ka'a-o'-na), adj. Red or red- 
dish brown: me he pua kaaona 
la, like a blossom dried to a red- 
dish color. 

Kaaona (ka'a-o'-na), n. 1. Name of 
one of the months in the ancient Ha- 
waiian calendar, varying in differ- 
ent localities. 2. A bundle of any- 
thing hung up to dry or smoke; 
applied to fish, sugar cane, etc., 
that which is smoked red or brown. 

Kaaowe (ka'a-6-we'), adj. Poor; des- 
titute; without means of support. 

Kaaowe (ka'a-6-we'), n. A person 
who owns no land; o ka poe aina 
ole, he kaaowe ia. Syn: Kaaoe. 

Kaapahu (ka'a-pa'-hu), v. [Kaa, to 
separate, and apahu, to cut cross- 
wise. For euphony one "a" is 
omitted.] To cut off crosswise; to 
cut square off. 

Kaapalaoa (ka'a-pa-la'o-a), n. (Mod.) 
[Kaa, wheel, and palaoa, flour.] 
1. A flour mill; a grinding of 
flour. 2. A thrashing implement. 

Kaapalaoa (ka'a-pa-la'o-a), v. To 
grind; to make flour. 

Kaape (ka'-a'-pe), adj. Disobedient 
to orders; obstinate; headstrong. 

Kaape (ka'a-pe'), adj. Servile; 
cringing; fawning. 

Kaape (ka'a-pe'), v. To be servile. 

Kaapeha (ka'a-pe'-ha), adj. 1. Big; 
corpulent. 2. Distinguished; high 
in rank; influential. 

Kaapeha (ka'a-pe'-ha), n. A large, 
chief-like person of great influ- 

Kaapeha (ka'-a'-pe-ha'), n. The cas- 
tor oil plant on Hawaii. 

Kaapuni (ka'a-pu'-ni), adj. Going or 
traveling about, or from place to 

Kaapuni (ka'a-pu'-ni), n. 1. The 
going round, as going round a cir- 
cle, an island or the world. 2. A 
voyage by land or sea. 

Kaapuni (ka'a-pu'-ni), v. [Kaa and 
puni, around.] To go or roll 
around; to go round from place to 
place; to circumambulate; in law, 
he lunakanawai kaapuni, a circuit 

Kaau (ka'-a'u), n. Hawaiian numer- 
al meaning the number forty: 

hookahi kaau or one forty, that is, 
one, number forty. 

Kaauaupuu (ka'-a'u-a'u-pu'u), n. A 
hard mottled stone used in making 
ulu or olohu, stones used in games. 
Well known on the island of Maui 
as kaauaupuu. Also called huipa. 

Kaawa (ka'-a'-wa), n. [Ka, dish, and 
awa, liquor made from awa root.] 
A large bowl used to strain or mix 
the awa liquor. 

Kaawale (ka'a-wa'-le), adj. 1. Emp- 
ty, as space or a housee. 2. Con- 
venient; fit. 3. Free; spare; un- 
occupied: wa kaawale, spare time. 
4. Free; that is, unmarried; alone. 

Kaawale (ka'a-wa'-le), n. 1, A sep- 
aration of persons or things; a di- 
vorce. 2. A space between two or 
more things; an empty space. 

Kaawale (ka'a-wa'-le), v. [Kaa and 
wale, only.] 1. To divorce; to be 
separate, as persons or things; to 
separate, as friends. 2. To turn 
or roll freely. 3. To turn invol- 
untarily or without control. 

Kaawe (ka'-a'-we), n. 1. Suicide by 
hanging. 2. (Obs.) A tie or cra- 
vat: o ke kaawe kekahi mea e 
nani ai ka a-i kanaka, the cravat 
is what adorns the neck of a man. 
(The modern word is lei-ai.) 3. 

Kaawe (ka'-a'-we), v. 1. To tie any- 
thing tightly around the throat; to 
choke by tying the throat. 2. To 
hang by the neck; to strangle with 
a cord: Kaawe ia ia iho a make, 
to commit suicide. [Kaawe gener- 
ally applies to suicide; li, to a pub- 
lic execution by hanging.] 

Kaaweawe (ka'-a'-we-a'-we), n. 1. 
Oppression of the chest; a disease 
of the neck and che-st. 2. Sick- 
ness of the stomach. 

Kaawela (ka'a-we'-la), n. Jupiter, one 
of the planets. Syn: Aohoku. 

Kaawili (ka'a-wi'-li), n. School of any 
kind of small fish, as iheihe, puhi- 
kii, etc. 

Kaawili (ka'a-wi'-li), v. [Kaa and 
will, to twist.] To writhe in pain. 

Kaba (ka'-ba), n. Heb. [Biblical.] 
A cab, a Hebrew dry measure. It 
is nearly three pints. 

Kae (ka'e), n. Brink or border of 
anything; brim or upper edge of. 

Kae (ka'e), n. Same as hookae. 

Kae (kae'), v. Same as hookae. 

Kae (ka'e), v. 1. To have a border 
or brim. 2. See hauhae. 




Kaea (ka'e-a), adj. Having no appe- 
tite. See manawahua, noun (1). 

Kaea (ka'e-a), n. The loss of appe- 
tite; no relish for food; o ke kaea 
pu wale no ia. Laieik. p. 142. 

Kaea (ka'e-a), v. 1. To have no ap- 
petite; to lose the appetite for 
food. Syn: Kanea. 

Kaee (ka'-e'e), adj. 1. Hard or stiff, 
as new tapa. 2. Dry. 

Kaee (ka'-e'e), n. A tall climbing 
plant, a purgative bean (Mucuna 
gigantea). Known also as kaiee. 

Kaee (ka'-e'e), v. To dry up by 
heat; to evaporate, as water in 
the sun. He wahi wai, aole i kaee 
i ka la. 

Kaeee (ka'-e-e'e), adj. 1. Stiff: 
Kaeee kela, i ka onohi o kuu 
maka. See kaee. 2. Ragged. 

Kaeee (ka'-e-e'e), n. 1. Joy; glad- 
nes, as at the arrival of a friend. 

Kaeele (ka-e-e'-le). Same as kaele. 

Kaeeio (ka-e-e'-lo), v. Same as kai- 

Kaeeohua (ka-e'-e-o-hu'-a), n. A spe- 
cial net made to catch small fish 
like the ohua. 

Kaeepaoo (ka'-e'e-pa'-o'o), n. A circu- 
lar pouch-like net made to fish for 

Kael (ka'-e'i), n. 1. A belt; a gir- 
dle; a sash: Ke apo ma ka opu. 
2. In geography and astronomy, a 
zone of the earth or heavens; na 
hoku o ke kaei, the planets. 

Kael (ka'-e'i), v. 1. To gird on; to 
bind on, as a belt around the body: 
e apo ma ka opu. 2. To put on, 
as armor or an official or extra 
garment. 3. To put on, as a 
mourning dress or a loose garment. 

Kaeipoo (ka'-ei-po'o), n. (Mod.) 1. A 
turban. 2. A diadem. 

Kaeka (ka'-e'-ka), adv. Exceedingly, 
confusedly twisted: Ua will kaeka 
ke aho; the line is confusedly 

Kaeka (ka'-e'-ka), v. 1. To be en- 
tangled, as a rope or string; e 
hihia, e lauwili. 2. To make tan- 
gled, confused, etc.: Ua kaeka ka 
upena me ka ia; the net is en- 
tangled with the fish. 

Kaekae (ka'e-ka'e), adj. 1. Young, 
fresh and smooth, as an unmarried 
woman who is much desired; 
hence applied to a young and beau- 
tiful woman. 2. Applied to a ca- 
noe, new; smooth; without knots, 
etc.: he waa kaekae. 3. Soft; mel- 

low; pleasant to the taste, as a 
well cooked potato. 

Kaekae (ka'e-ka'e), adj. [Freq. of 
kae, border.] Having many edges; 

Kaekae (ka'e-ka'e), n. [Freq. of kae.] 
The narrow edge of a rule; edge; 
border; brim; brink. 

Kaekae (ka'e-ka'e), v. 1. To be 
smooth and plump; without pro- 
tuberances. Kaekae ke olona; 
kaekae ka umeke. 2. To rub; to 
make smooth. 

Kaeke (ka'-e'-ke), n. 1. Small drum 
made of a coconut shell covered 
with the skin of the kala fish. 2. 
Drum beating. 3. Skill in beating a 
drum: he poe akamai i ke kaeke, 
skilled in drum beating. Laieik. 
p. 112. 

Kaeke (ka'-e'-ke), v. To beat the 
small drum for the hula dance. 

Kaekeeke (ka'-e'-ke-e'-ke), n. 1. Drum 
made of the coconut shell. 2. The 
art of drumming: oia ka wa i laha 
mai ai ke kaekeeke. 

Kaekeeke (ka'-e'-ke-e'-ke), v. To beat 
or play the drum: e pai pahu, a 
hookanikani. Syn: Kaeke. 

Kaela (ka'e-la), n. A beam, brace of 
crosspiece. See kaola. 

Kaele (ka'-e'-le), adj. 1. Empty. 2. 
Partially filled, as a calabash with 
fish or food, leaving some empty 
space at the top, 3. Incomplete; 

Kaele (ka'-e'-le), adv. In part; not 
entirely; not wholly. 

Kaele (ka'-e'-le), v. To be in great 
numbers. (The word is used to 
express wonder, surprise, amaze- 
ment, etc.) Kaele hoi kanaka o 
kela wahi! Many are the people 
in that place. 

Katleloi (ka'-e'-le-15'i), n. The sound 
of the drum in ancient times; the 
roll of the drum. 

Kaelewaa (ka'-e'-le-wa'a), n. 1. An 
unfinished boat or canoe. He waa 
i kapili ole ia i ka laau. See ka- 
ele. 2. The unfinished design of 
a canoe. 

Kaelo (ka-e'-lo), n. [Ka, belonging 
to, and elo, wet.] The name of 
one of the months in the ancient 
Hawaiian calendar, varying in dif- 
ferent localities. David Malo says 
Kaelo was equivalent to January. 

Kaena (ka'-e'-na), adj. Boastful; self- 




Kaena (ka'-e'-na), adv. With certain- 
ty; surely; without error, etc.; 
no ko'u ike i ka maikai, ko'u mea 
no ia i olelo kaena ai, from any 
knowledge of beauty, I can speak 
with confidence. 

Kaena (ka'-e'-na), n. 1. High mind- 
edness; pride; self-exaltation. 2. 
Same as keena. 

Kaena (ka'-e'-na), v. To boast; to 
glory; to brag; to be conceited: 
auhea la ka mea nui i kaena ai ou- 
kou ia oukou iho? Where is the 
great thing for which you boast 

Kaenakoi (ka-e'-na-ko'i), n. [Ka, ar- 
ticle the, and enakoi, anus.] The 
anus. (Used in the abusive ex- 
pression, E hele oe a i kaenakoi, 
nearly equivalent to "Go to hell.") 

Kaeo (ka'-e'o), adj. Full, as a cala- 
bash with food: he aloha i ka ipu 
kaeo, love for the full calabash. 

Kaeo (ka-e'-o), n. Same as keeo. 

Kaeueu (ka'-e'u-e'u), n. Joy; delight; 
gratification; excitement. See 

Kaeueu (ka'-e'u-e'u), v, 1. To be the 
larger, as of two ropes or pieces 
of wood joined together. 2. To be 
big. 3. To excel; to go beyond. 

Kaha (ka'-ha), n. 1. A scratch; a 
mark; a letter. 2. In mathemat- 
ics, a line. 3. A strip of land 
along the shore; barren land. 4. 
Channel of a stream. See kahawai. 
5. [Mod.] A kind of cloth 
striped lengthwise. Also known 
as halua. 

Kaha (ka-ha'), n. Largeness; fat- 
ness; plumpness: aohe io o ke 

Kaha (ka'-ha), v. 1. To scratch; to 
mark the surface of; to write; to 
make indefinite marks. 2. To. 
cut; to hew, as timber. 3. To«rCut 
open, as a fish, animal, or person. 
4. To depart from a straight 
course; to start aside. 5. To keep 
clear of; to withdraw from and go 
a different way, as in avoiding any 
obstruction. 6. To shoot off for 
the shore on incoming surf. 
(Laieik. p. 92.) 7. To cover over 
completely as by a great tidal 
wave. (A word used by an ancient 
alii (chief) of Hamakua, Hawaii, 
in describing the desolation 
caused by a famine: Ua kaha aku 
la ka nalu o kuu aina; Literally, 
the surf of my land, or place, has 

swept everything away. Surf here 
means famine.) 8. To desolate; 
to sweep away; to oppress; to cre- 
ate general destruction. 

Kaha (ka-ha'), v. To be fat; to be 
plump; to be full, as a well-fed 

Kahaakua (ka'-ha-a'-ku'-a), n. [Kaha, 
marks, and akua, god.] 1. A 
track of a god in a desert place. 
2. The home of ghosts; place of 
evil spirits. 

Kahaapo (ka'-ha-a'-po), n. [Kaha, 
marks, and apo, hoop. Lit: an 
embracing mark.] 1. The circum- 
ference; he umi kapuai ke kaha- 
apo o kekahi; ten feet is the cir- 
cumference of some. 2. In gram- 
mar, brackets. 

Kahaea (ka'-hii-e'a), n. 1. A disease, 
thrush, when it spreads over the 
body. See ea. 2. [Kaha, to de- 
prive of, and ea, life or breath.] 
One who deprives others of their 
natural rights. 3. A certain for- 
mation or cluster of clouds fore- 
shadowing future events. It was 
such a cloud formation that warned 
Keopulupulu of his death by Ka- 
hahana. 4. A singular bluish ap- 
pearance of the sky in the morn- 
ing; a sign of rain; he kahaea ia, 
he aouli ua ia. 

Kahaea (ka'-ha'-e'-a), v. To extend 
over the heavens as a cloud, varie- 
gated, black, white, blue, etc.: 
Kahaea ka lani i na ao; The sky 
is overcast with clouds. 

Va oiiiaomao ka lani, ua kahaea hina, 
Fa pini ka maka o na hoku. 
The sky is clear : above is open ; 
The eyes of the stars sparkle. 

Kahaha (ka'-ha'-ha'), interj. An ex- 
pression of wonder, surprise or dis- 
pleasure. (Hawaiians in the use 
of this word express a great va- 
riety of shades of meaning, ac- 
cording to the tone of voice, etc.) 

Kahaha (ka'-ha'-ha'), v. 1. To won- 
der or be surprised at a thing; to 
be astonished at the sight of a 
thing or at an idea expressed by 
one; to marvel. 2. To hiss at; to 
treat with contempt. 3. To be in 
doubt or perplexity at what one sees 
or hears, and knows not how to 
account for; to think a thing 
strange. 4. To doubt; to hesitate. 
(This word is used with manao or 
naau to express doubt.) 




Kahahaia (ka'-ha'-ha'-i'a), v. [Pas- 
sive of kahaha.] To be doubted: 
Ua kahahaia kana olelo; his word 
is doubted. 

Kahahanai (ka'-ha-ha'n^'i), n. [Kaha, 
a knot, and hanai] 1. The string 
that secures the upper part of the 
koko (net-work which surrounds a 
calabash). 2. [Mod.] The radius 
of a circle. 

Kahahul (ka'-ha-ha'i), n. [Mod.] 
Kaha, a mark, and hul, to unite.] 
1. In music, a brace. 2, In mathe- 
matics, the plus sign. 

Kahal (ka'-ha'i), n. A belt or loin 
band. See kahel. 

Kahai (ka'-ha'i), v. To tie around; 
to bind in the form of a circle; 
to encircle. 

Kahai (ka'-ha'i), v. 1. To decrease, 
as a noise; to cease; to abate, as 
a storm. 2. To revive after faint- 
ing; to recover temporarily. 

Kahakaha (ka'-ha-ka'-ha), n. 1. An 
engraving; a writing. 2. (Obso- 
lete.) Same as hookahakaha, a 

Kahakaha (ka'-ha-ka'-ha), v. [Freq. 
of kaha, to mark, scratch, cut off 
or divide.] 1. To mark frequent- 
ly; to scarify. 2. To engrave on 
stone or copper; to write in the 
sand or upon the ground: aole 
anei e kahakaha ko kakou naau i 
kekahi hena o kela kanaka? 3. To 
cut off; to divide frequently. 

Kahakahana (ka'-ha-ka'-ha'-na), n. 1. 
A long narrow piece of anything; 
a strip: kahakahana lole, a strip 
of cloth. 2. Any fragment separ- 
ated lengthwise from the bulk. 

Kahakai (ka'-ha-ka'i), n. [Kaha, 
mark, and kai, sea.] 1. The sea- 
shore. 2. The region of country 
bordering on the sea. 

Kahakeleawe (ka'-ha-ke'-le-a'-we), n. 
[Mod. Kaha, to cut, and keleawe, 
copper.] 1. A cutting of copper; 
an engraving: ka mea a ka poe 
kahakeleawe i hanai. 2. A work- 
er in copper or brass. 

Kahakiki (ka'-ha-ki'-ki), v. 1. To 
make a roaring noise, as of vio- 
lently rushing waters. 2. To 
cause a clattering sound, as of 
heavy rain and wind. 

Kahakuhi (ka'-ha-ku'-hi), n. [Mod. 
Kaha, mark and kuhi, to point out.] 
Any mark or character used to di- 
rect attention. 

Kahaia (ka'-ha'-la), n. A species of 
amber fish (Seriola purpurascens.) 
Also known as puakahala. Color, 
light brown with yellow band 
along whole length of body. 

Kahalahala (ka'-ha'-la-ha'-la), adj. 1. 
Tasteless; insipid; without natural 
flavor. 2. Not savory; unpleasant 
to the taste. 

Kahalawai (ka'-ha'-la-wa'i), n. [Ka, 
article the, and halawai, meeting.] 

1. The center; principal point of. 

2. Place where the kahuna, priest, 
performed his official duties, of- 
fered his prayers, etc. 3. Regions 
in the unseen where the gods are 
supposed to abide. 

Kahalelelepo (ka'-ha'-le-le'-le-po'), n. 
A general famine when whole 
households stole out by night to 
find food. 

Kahalill (ka'-ha-li'-li), v. To exhibit 
wrath or displeasure from jeal- 

Kahaloa (ka'-ha-lo'-a), n. 1. A set of 
five tapas made for general use. 
2. A set of tapas used with peb- 
bles in revealing future events or 
disclosing secrets. 

Kahana (ka'-ha'-na), n. A valley on 
the island of Oahu. 

Kahania (ka'-ha-ni'-a), adj. 1. Clear. 
2. Smooth shaven. 

Kahania (ka'-ha-nl'-a), v. [Kaha, a 
cut, and nia, smooth.] 1. To be 
shaven; to be cut close; to be 
made smooth, as a shaven head: 
kahania ke poo o ka ohule. 2. To 
be clear overhead; to be uncloud- 
ed. 3. To be sour; to have a 
biting taste: kahania mai nei hoi 
ka ai, the food has turned sour. 

Kahapili (ka'-ha-pi'-li), n. [Kaha, a 
mark, and pili, to touch.] In geom- 
etry, a tangent of a circle. 

Kahapoai (ka'-ha-po-a'i), n. [Kaha, a 
mark, and poai, to surround.] The 
circumference of a circle. 

Kahapoohiwi (ka'-ha'-po'o-hi'-wi), n. 
[Kaha, fat, and poohiwi, shoulder.] 
The fat or muscle on the shoulder- 

Kahapuu (ka-ha'-pu'u), n. Same as 

Kahau (ka'-ha'u), n. [Ka, to hurl, 
and hau, a stick of the hau tree.] 
A game involving the hurling of 
light spears made of hau timber. 
These spears sometimes went 
whizzing through the air for a dis- 




tance of two or three hundred 

Kahau (ka'-ha'u), v. [Ka, to brush 
aside, and hau, dew.] To brush 
off the dew. This was practiced 
in trapping grasshoppers. Grass- 
hoppers were used as food in an- 
cient Hawaii. 

Kahau (ka-ha'u), v. 1. To abate, as 
the wind; pehea ka makani? Ua 
kahau iki mai, aole ikaika: e holo 
kakou. 2. To be diminished, as 
sickness; ua kahau iki mai kou 
mai, ua pale ka nui. 3. To abate, 
as a stream of water; kahau ka 
wai, kokoke pau. 

Kahau la (ka'-ha-u'-la), adj. Sensual 
as applied to dreams. See aika- 
haula and moekahaula. 

Kahaula (ka'-ha-u'-la), n. A sensual 

Kahau le (ka'-ha-u'-le), v. To circum- 
cise. Syn: Kaheule. 

Kahawai (ka'-ha-wa'i), n. [Kaha, cut, 
and wai, water.] 1. A brook; a 
rivulet; a water course; a cas- 
cade; a stream with frequent rap- 
ids; any small stream. 2. A ra- 
vine, wet or dry; any channel 
formed by water or through which 
water flows. 

Kahe (ka'-he), n. A flow of any 

Kahe (ka'-he), v. 1. To run, as 
water; to flow, as a stream or 
river. 2. To flow, that is, to 
abound in any substance. 3. To 
melt; to become liquid. 4. To 
drop; to trickle, as tears. 5. To 
flow, as blood from a wound, as 
froth from the mouth. 

Kahe (ka'-he), v. 1. To cut or slit 
longitudinally; to cut off: Kaha 
omaka, to circumcise after the 
Hawaiian manner; to castrate. 2. 
To menstruate. 

Kahea (ka'-he'a), adj. Foul; filthy. 

Kahea (ka'-he'a), v. [Hea, to call.] 

1. To call any one for any pur- 
pose. 2. To cry to one for help; 
to call upon one, as in prayer. 
3. To speak; to call aloud. 4. To 
cry out, as in pain. 

Kahea (ka'-he'a), v. To be dirty; to 
be foul; to be corrupt. 

Kaheawai (ka'-he-a'-wa'i), v. [Kahe, 
to flow, a, until, wai, water.] 1. To 
flow; to be soft; to run like water. 

2. To become liquid. 3. To pro- 
ceed en masse; to move in 
crowds: Kaheawai kanaka, i 

Aala; the people flocked to Aala 
(Park). See holomoku. 

Kahee (ka'-he'e), v. [Ka and hee, 
to slip; to slide.] 1. To slip 
flowers along from the needle or 
manai to the string in making 
wreaths. 2. To catch fish by 
means of a scoop net. 

Kahehi (ka'-he'-hi), v. 1. To slip; 
to mistake; to slip off. 2. To 
make a false step; to stumble. 

Kahei (ka'-he'i), n. 1. A sash; a 
belt; a band worn as a belt. 2. A 
sash passing over the shoulders, 
as a soldier's belt. 3. A cloth for 
preserving goods. 

Kahei (ka'-he'i), v. To tie round, 
as a girdle or belt; to gird on. 
Syn: Kaei. 

Kaheka (ka'-he'-ka), n. 1. Natural 
basin or shallow place on hard 
pan or rock. 2. Artificial basin 
or shallow pond where salt is 
evaporated from the salt water of 
the sea. 

Kahekoko (ka'-he-ko'-ko), n. [Kahe, 
to flow, and koko, blood.] 1. Hem- 
orrhage: Ua kahe a koko i ka 
nahua e ke anu; blood flowed from 
the biting of the cold. 2. An ail- 
ment of climbers at high eleva- 
tions, where hemorrhages some- 
times occurred, attributed by na- 
tives to the biting cold. 

Kahela (ka'-he'-la), n. 1. The smooth 
undulation of the sea where there 
are no breakers. 2. A wide ex- 
panse of land or water with wavy 
outline. 3. The swell of the sea 
when it comes from the south 
along the western shore of the isl- 
and of Hawaii. 

Kahela (ka'-he'-la), v. 1. To move 
backward and forward, or up and 
down on a swell of the sea. 2. To 
move along, as the billows: 

Kahela ka nalu o ka pae lauhala, 
Hooaiai ke kai koo o Maliu-e. 
Billows sweep along the lauhala bank. 
The surf of Maliii-e sparkles. 

Kahelahela (ka'-he'-la-he'-la), v. To 
lie spread out, as the sea or as a 
person asleep. See kahela: Ku- 
hela, kahelahela ka lai o Lele; 
The swell of the sea spreads along 
the quiet of Lele. 

Kahele (ka'-he'-le), n. [Ka, the, and 
hele, going.] Anything used to 
decorate the persons about to 
start on a journey, as flowers, 
wreaths, leaves, etc. 




Kahenawal (ka'-he'-na'-wa'i), n. [Lit. 
kahe-na-wai, flowing of water.] A 
brook; running water. 

Kaheu (ka'-he'u), v. To weed, as in 
a garden; to put a garden in or- 
der; to stir up the dirt, pull up the 
weeds, grass, etc. See heu, v. 

Kaheule (ka'-he-u'-le), v. To circum- 
cise. Syn: Kahe. 

Kaheumiumi (ka'-he-u'-mi-u'-mi), n., 
and V. Same as kahiumiumi. 

Kahewa (ka'-he'-wa), v. To miss; to 
make an attempt but not succeed; 
to be foiled in an attempt. 

Kahl (ka'-hi), adj. and pron. Some; 
someone; consisting of a portion 
— used to express an indefinite 
quantity, number or place. 

Kahi (ka'-hi), adv. and conj. Be- 
sides; as well; moreover; also: 
O ka ia kahi na ke akua; the fish 
also for the god. 

Kahi (ka'-hi), n. A place; some 
definite place spoken of or under- 
stood; it does not admit of the 
definite article; often synonymous 
with wahi. Kahi kuai, a market 
place, or simply a market; ma 
kahi e aku, at another place. 

Kahi (ka'-hi), v. 1. To rub gently 
with the thumb and finger. 2. To 
comb, as the hair. (The idea is 
from the motion of rubbing, pol- 
ishing.) 3. To cut; to shave, as 
the beard. 4. To slit open, to cut 
longitudinally: kahi i ka opu, kahe 
i ka omaka. 

Kahiau (ka'-hl-a'u), adj. 1. Lavish 
of gifts; wasteful of property by 
indiscriminate giving: he kanaka 
kahiau. See kihikau, v. 2. Fin- 
ished; complete in every respect. 

Kahiau (ka'-hi-a'u), v. To finish or 
complete in a workmanlike man- 
ner; to bring to completeness: E 
kahiau i ka umeke a mikioi, finish 
off the calabash until mikioi, per- 

Kahihi (ka'-hi'-hi), n. Entangle- 
ment; perplexity. 

Kahihi (ha'-hl'-hi), v. [See hlhl.] 1. 
To entangle; to choke, as weeds 
do plants. 2. To sue one at law; 
to cause one to be entangled with 
a law or tabu. 3. To entangle one 
by accusing him; to slander. 4. To 
block up an entrance: ua kahihi 
ka puka o ka hale e ka upena na- 
nana, the door of the house was 
stopped with a spider's web. 

Kahikahl (ka'-hi-ka'-hi), n. A gentle 
massage practiced by those skilled 
in the art of lomilomi (rubbing). 

Kahikahi (ka'-hi-ka'-hi), v. [Freq. of 
kahi, to rub.] 1. To rub continu- 
ously. 2. To draw the thumb and 
fingers very gently and with a 
slight pressure forward and back- 
ward over any part of the body. 
3. To scratch rapidly with any 
sharp instrument. 

Kahikakaka (ka'-hi-ka-ka'-ka), n. 
[Kahi, place, and kakaka, to 
cleanse with water.] 1. A place of 
cleansing. 2. A pool supplied by 
a little stream of water in front 
of the halepea; a place to wash. 
See halepea. 

Kahikalena (ka'-hi-ka'-le'-na), v. To 
complete; to finish; to dispose of 
a matter so that nothing remains: 
Ke anai mai, kahikalena ku i kapa; 
to push is to complete to the limit. 

Kahiki (ka'-hl'-ki), n. (It takes no 
article.) 1. The general name of 
any foreign country: hai mai la 
oia i na 'Hi i kona holo i kahiki; 
he told the chiefs of his sailing to 
a foreign country; hence, holoka- 
hiki means any Hawaiian who has 
been to a foreign land. 

Kahiko (ka'-hi'-ko), adj. Old; an- 
cient; that which is long past: 
poe kahiko, the ancients, the old 
people; wa kahiko, old time. 

Kahiko (ka'-hi'-ko), n. 1. The name 
of the first man upon the Hawaii- 
an islands according to some gene- 
alogies: ua i hou ia mai, ma ka 
mookuauhau i kapaia Ololo, he 
kane ia kanaka mua loa, o Kahiko 
kona inoa, it is said again, in the 
genealogy called Ololo, that the 
very first inhabitant was a man 
whose name was Kahiko. The 
question here discussed is whether 
the first person on the islands was 
a man or woman. (D. Malo, chap- 
ters 3 and 4.) 2. An elderly per- 
son; an old man; elua mau mea 
kahiko, e kipakuia'na, e hele pela, 
two old men, they were being 
driven away. Syn: poohina. 

Kahiko (ka'-hi'-ko), n. 1. Garments 
in general. 2. Distinguishing or- 
naments or robes; equipment for 
service. 3. The furniture of a 
house, especially handsome costly 
furniture; e hookupu paha no ko 
lakou waiwai, ko lakou kahiko o 
ka hale. 




Kahiko (ka'-hi'-ko), v. To be or be- 
come old; to fade, as a flower or 
leaf: ua kahiko e, to become old 
prematurely; to be ancient. 

Kahiko (ka'-hl'-ko), v. 1. To dress; 
to put on apparel. 2. To adorn, 
or deck; to cover in the way of 
apparel. 3. To furnish with equip- 
ment for service. 4. To invest 
with mark or sign of distinction, 
Laieik. p. 112. 

Kahikohiko (ka'-hi'-k6-hi'-ko), v. 
Freq. of kahiko, to dress, to 
adorn, etc. 

Kahikokaua (ka'-hl'-ko-ka'u-a), adj. 
Word descriptive of possessions 
requisite in warfare, as: hale 
kahikokaua, house for fighting 
equipment, etc. 

Kahikokaua (ka'-hi'-k6-ka'u-a), n. 
Equipage for war; array or dress 
for battle. 

Kahikolu (ka'-hi-ko'-lu), adj. Three- 
fold; three in one. 

Kahikolu (ka'-hi-ko'-lu), n. [Mod.] 
Three in one; the Trinity; used 
only in the Scriptural sense; the 
Godhead, Father, Son and Holy 

Kahili (ka'-hi'-li), n. [Ka and hili, 
to plat; to twist.] 1. A brush 
made of feathers bound to a stick; 
a broom. (Probably originally 
used as a fly-brush.) 2. The large 
brushes used by the chiefs; they 
were symbols of royalty on all 
public occasions. 

Kahili (ka'-hi'-li), v. 1. To brush; to 
sweep, as with a broom; to sweep, 
as a house; to wipe or free from 
dust. 2. To sweep away, as the 
wind blows away light substances; 
hence, 3. To destroy. 4. To 
change; to be changeable. 

Kahilihili (ka'-hi'-li-hi'-li), v. [Freq. 
of kahili, to brush.] 1. To use a 
light kahili or duster rapidly as in 
sweeping. 2. To scatter away; to 
brush off. as small dust or light 

Kahimoe (ka'-hi-mo'-e), n. [Kahi, 
place, and moe, to sleep.] A 
sleeping place; a bedstead. 

Kahina (ka'-hl'-na), v. [Ka and 
hina, to fall.] 1. To fall before 
one; to be the victim of one's 
intrigue or displeasure. 2. To 
supplant; to take advantage of one. 

Kahinalii (ka'-hl'-na-li'i), n. Proper 
name of a celebrated chief in 

whose days was a great flood; 
hence, kaiakahinalii, the flood. 
Syn: Hinalii. 

Kahinu (ka'-hl'-nu), v. (See hinu.) 1, 
To rub over with oil; to anoint. 
2. To rub over or anoint, as a sac- 
rifice. 3. To rub or grease the 
runners of a sled. See holua. 

Kahio (ka'-hi-o'), n. 1. A leaning; 
walking with a swaying motion. 
See hio. 2. Variation from the 

Kahiohio (ka'-hi'o-hi'o), v. To be 
slightly intoxicated. 

Kahiolona (ka'-h!-6'-16-na'), adj. Of 
cutting or peeling olona: ma ka 
hale kahiolona, at the house for 
cutting olona. Laieik. p. 206. 

Kahiumiumi (ka'-hi-u'-mi-u'-mi), n. A 
beard cutter, that is, a barber, 
Syn: Kaheumiumi. 

Kahiumiumi (ka'-hi-u'-mi-u'-mi), v, 
[Kahi and umiumi, beard,] To 
shave off the beard. 

Kahoa (ka'-ho'-a), v. 1. To inter- 
cede; to appeal in behalf of. 2. 
To strike violently, as with a club 
or stone; to break by the use of 
extra force: E kahoa aku oe i ke 
poo o Malea; break Malea's head. 

Kahoahoa (ka'-h6'-a-h5'-a), v. To in- 
tercede for; to mediate in behalf 
of: E kahoahoa aku kau pule 
imua o Kane i loaa mai ke ola-iki, 
ke ola-nui a me ke ola a kau ka 
puaneane, let your prayer inter- 
cede with Kane that you may re- 
ceive the little life, the greater 
life and the eternal life, 

Kahoaka (ka'-ho-a'-ka), n. 1, The 
spirit or soul of a person still liv- 
ing, supposed to be seen by 
priests; nona ia kahoaka e hihia 
nei, he uhane, he haili, he uhane 
kakaola, 2. A phantom; specter, 

Kahoho (ka'-ho'-ho'), interj. Oh! 
Oh, my! any exclamation of won- 
der, amazement, surprise, etc. 

Kahoho (ka'-ho'-ho'), v. To cry out 
in wonder. 

Kahoi (ka-ho'i), v. Same as kaohi, 

Kahokai (ka-ho-ka'i), v, 1, To mix 
up. 2. To mix with two ingre- 
dients, as earth and water. 

Kaholo (ka'-ho'-lo), adj. Hasty; 
quick; nimble; swift. 

Kaholo (ka'-ho'-lo), v. 1. To pro- 
gress rapidly; to be speedy. 2. To 
sew with long stitches. 

Kahonua (ka'-ho'-nu'a), n. 1, The 
side or bank of a water-course; 




the bank or footing on the border 

of a stream. 2. Place where ca- 
noes rest or touch ground when 
approaching a landing. 

Kahookui (ka'-ho'o-ku'i), n. [Ka, the, 
and hookui, a joining.] 1. Place 
of meeting; a designated place of 
assembly. 2. Place appointed by 
the priests to meet the gods: E 
na aumakua mai ka lahiki a ka 
lakau; No, all ye gods from East 
to West. Mai ka paa iluna a ka 
paa ilalo; From the eternal heav- 
ens to the everlasting depths. Mai 
ka hookui a ka halawai; from the 
assembly to the place. 

Kahu (ka'-hu), n. 1. An honored or 
upper servant; a guardian or 
nurse for children. Hence, 2. A 
feeder; a keeper; a provider: 
kahu hipa, a shepherd. 

Kahu (ka'-hu), v. 1, To bake in the 
ground as Hawaiians do; to cook 
food. 2. To kindle or make a 
fire; to burn, as lime in a pit; to 
burn, as brick; to burn; to con- 
sume. Syn: Puhi. Kahu umu, to 
bake in an oven. (A contracted 
form is kahumu.) 3. To burst 
forth in sentiment, rage, etc. E 
kahu ana ko ia nei, inaina; this 
one's wrath is bursting forth. 4. 
Same as hookahu, to be or act the 
part of a high servant or guard- 

Kahua (ka'-hu'-a), n. 1. The pre- 
pared foundation of a house, that 
is, the ground cleared off and lev- 
eled down on which to set up a 
building: ua maikai ke kahua o 
kekahi hale; the place (for the 
foundation) of the house is good. 
2. An open space proper for an 
encampment; a camp ground: ka- 
kua kaua, a camp. 3. A place: 
kahua hehi palaoa, a thrashing 
floor; kahua mokomoko, a place 
where people assembled to wres- 
tle. Laieik. p. 42. 

Kahua (ka-hu'-a'), n. [Ka and huwa, 
envy.] Envy. 

Kahua (ka'-hil'-a), v. [Ka, to send 
forth, and hua, a word.] 1. To 
designate; to point out; to direct. 
2. To make plain; to expound: E 
kahua mai oe na makou, make 
plain to us. 

Kahuahale (ka-hu'-a-ha'-le), n. [Ka- 
hua and hale, a house.] 1. The 
foundation of a house. See kahua. 

2. A town; a village; a cluster of 


Kahuahanene (ka-hii'-a-ha'-ne'-ne), n. 
[Kahua and hanene, low; vulgar.] 
A place used for pleasure and vile 

Kahuahi (ka'-hu-a'-hi), n. [Kahu,ser- 
i vant, and ahl, fire.] One who has 
1 the care of the fire; a fire builder. 

Kahuahi (ka'-h\i-a'-hi), v. 1. To 
build a fire. 2. To tend a fire. 

Kahuahoouka (ka-hfi'-a-ho'o-u'-ka), n. 
[Kahua and hoouka, to attack.] 
1. A battle ground; a place se- 
lected for the contest of two ar- 
mies. 2. Place used for any com- 
petitive sports or contests of any 
I Kahuai (ka'-hu-a'i), n. A baker; one 
I who prepares or cooks the food. 

Kahuai (ka'-hu-a'i), v. [Kahu, to 
i bake, and al, food.] To bake food 
in the ground. 

Kahuaina (ka'-hu-a'i-na), n. [Kahu 
and aina, land.] The head man of 
a division of land. 

Kahuakaua (ka-hu'-a-ka'u-a), n. [Ka- 
hua, a place, and ikoi, an offensive 
j weapon.] A place used to teach 
j the use of the ikoi. 
I Kahuakaua (ka-hu'-a-ka'u-a), n. [Ka- 
hua and kaua, war.] A field of 

Kahuakua (ka'-hu-a-ku'-a), n. [Kahu, 
a guardian or caretaker, and akua, 
a god.] One whose office it is to 
take care of a god; one engaged 
about the altar; a priest. 

Kahualea (ka-hu'-a-le'a), n. [Kahua, 
place of action, and lea or lealea, 
pleasure, play, etc.] Place where 
people assembled for play, gaming 
or other pastime. 

Kahuamalka (ka-hu'-a-ma'i-ka), n. 
The path or groove made for play- 
ing the game maika. See maika. 

Kahuaole (ka-hu-a-5'-le), n. [Kahua, 
foundation, and ole, not.] 1. A 
good for nothing person; a useless 
person. 2. A person or thing with 
no foundation; one without char- 

Kahuaomalio (ka'-hu'-a-o-mfi-li'o), n. 
[Kahua, foundation, and malio, the 
first dawn of morning light.] 1. 
Literally, the source of light and 
comfort. 2. Figuratively, the 
source of life's enjoyments, such 
as food, fish, mats and all the 
fruits of the land. 3. [Kahua, 
place, o, of, Malio, name of a 




mythical woman who gave up 
wholly to sensual pleasures. Ma- 
llo's place.] Figuratively, place of 
all sensual enjoyments. 

Kahua-pahee (ka-hu'-a-pa-he'e), n. 1. 
The level ground or floor where 
the game of pahee was played. 2. 
An athletic field. 

Kahubaka (ka'-hu-pa'-ka), n. [Mod. 
Kahu and baka, tobacco.] A ser- 
vant of the chiefs who has charge 
of their tobacco, lights their pipes, 
smokes a little himself, and pre- 
sents it to his master. 

Kahubipi (ka'-hu-pl'-pi), n. [Kahu and 
bipi, an ox or cow.] A keeper of 
cattle; a herdsman. 

Kahuhipa (ka'-hu-hl'-pa), n. [Kahu 
and hipa, sheep.] A shepherd. 

Kahuia (ka'-hu-i'a), v. Passive form 
of kahu, to bake. 

Kahuilaokalani (ka-hu-i'-la-o-ka-la'-ni), 
n. [Ka, the, huila, lightning 
flash, o, of, ka lani, heaven or 
heavens. The lightning flash of 
the heavens.] 1. One of the 
names of Kalaipahoa, supposed to 
be a god from a foreign country, 
who entered the nioi, a tree on 
Lanai and Molokai, hence, 2. The 
tree called by his name; it is very 
poisonous. (Ancient natives in- 
vested the lightning with a divin- 

Kahukahu (ka'-hii-ka'-hu), n. The 
offerings or sacrifice of the first 
fruits consecrated to the gods. 

Kahukahu (ka'-hii-ka'-hu), v. To of- 
fer sacrifice of the first fruits to 
the gods or aumakuas. 

Kahuki (ka'-hu'-ki), n. Rottenness; 
corruption; putrefaction, especially 
of animal bodies. 

Kahuki (ka'-hu'-ki), v. To be cor- 
rupt; to be rotten. Syn: Palaka- 

Kahukula (ka'-hu-ku'-la), n. [Mod. 
Kahu and kula, school.] 1. A 
school committee. 2. One having 
charge of schools. 

Kahuli (ka'-hu'-li), n. A change; an 
overthrow; an overturning. 

Kahuli (ka'-hu'-li), n. 1. The sing- 
ing or sounds attributed by the 
Hawaiians to land shells. "E lohe 
auanei oe i ka leo o na kahuli e 
Ikuwa ana; You will hear the 
voices of the kahuli in chorus. 
2. The shells or snails themselves. 

Kahuli (ka'-hu'-li), v. To be changed; 
to be turned round; to be upset 

(intransitive). Hookahuli is the 
transitive form. 

Kahulihuli (ka'-hu'-li-hu'-li), adj. Un- 
steady; moving to and fro. See 

Kahulihuli (ka'-hii'-li-hii'-li), v. 1. To 
be unsettled; to be unsteady in 
purpose. 2. To sway, reel or tot- 
ter; to be vacillating; to be tossed 
about frequently, as a ship in a 
storm; to rock; to wave; to stand 
in a tottering manner. See lull. 

Kabul io (ka'-hu-li'-o), n. [Kahu and 
lio, a horse.] One who tends or 
feeds a horse. 

Kahului (ka'-hii-lii'-i), n. A contest on 
a broad, open plain. Ina he kahua 
akea a malaelae, he kahului ke 
kaua kupono ma ia kahua; If there 
is a wide field clear of obstruc- 
tions, kahului is the kind of kaua 
(contest) proper for that field. 

Kahumoku (ka'-hu-mo'-ku), n. [Kahu 
and moku, a ship.] A mate of a 
ship; specifically, the second mate. 

Kahumu (ka-hu'-mu), n. [Contrac- 
tion of kahu and umu, to bake in 
an oven.] To bake in an oven. 

Kahumu (ka-hu'-mu), v. To bake in 
an oven; to bake, as taro. 

Kahuna (ka'-hu'-na), n. [Kahu and 
ana, a cooking.] 1. A general 
name applied to such persons as 
have a trade, an art, or who prac- 
tice some profession. Some quali- 
fying term is generally added; as, 
kahuna lapaau, a physician; ka- 
huna pule, a priest; kahuna kalai 
laau, a carpenter; kahuna kala, a 
silversmith; kahuna kalai, an en- 
graver. 2. Generally in ancient 
Hawaii the word kahuna without 
any qualifying term, refers to the 
priest or the person who offered 
sacrifices: O ka mea pule i ka ke 
alii heiau, he kahuna pule ia. 

Kahuna (ka'-hu'-na), v. To exercise 
one's profession; to act the part 
of a professional person or kahuna. 

n. [Kahuna and anaana, sorcery.] 
One who uses divination or sor- 
cery, especially one who "prays a 
person to death"; that is, causes 
death by witchcraft. 

Kahunaao (ka'-hu'-na-a'o), n. [Mod. 
kahuna, priest and ao, to teach.] 
1. A preacher. 2. One whose 
business it is to impart knowledge 
to men. 




K ah una ha i (ka'-hu'-na-ha'i), n. [Ka- 
huna and hal, to tell.] One who 
speaks publicly; a preacher. (The 
full form is kahunahai olelo.) 

Kahunahoopiopio (ka'-hu'-na-ho'o-pi'o- 
pi'o), n. [Kahuna and hoopiopio, 
to practice sorcery.] A priest or 
one who practices sorcery in con- 
nection with his priestly office. 

Kahunahuna (kii'-hu'-na-hu'-na), n. 
[Ka and hunahuna, small par- 
ticles.] 1. Small particles. 2. A 
sprinkling of anything. 

Kahunahuna (ka'-hu'-na-hu'-na), v. 
To sprinkle; to sprinkle a little 
salt upon meat; to sprinkle salt or 
water in small quantities; e kapi 
awaawa ole i ka paakai. 

Kahunakalai (ka'-hu'-na-ka'-lai), n. 
[Kahuna and kalai, to hew.] 1. One 
who hews out canoes; a carpenter 
generally. 2. An expert in sculp- 
ture; one who hews, cuts, shapes, 
etc., in wood or stone. 

Kahunakii (ka'-hu'-na-ki'i), n. 1. A 
priest who ministers in the wor- 
ship of idols. 2. A foreteller; an 
adviser; a counselor. There are 
several forms of this term; as, 
kahuna o na kii, kahunapule kii 
aoao. 3. The director and guide 
of the high chief or king in things 
relating to war; ma ka wa e kaua 
ai, o ke kahunakii ka mea alakai 
mua i ke alii nui ma kana oihana. 

Kahunalapaau (ka'-hu'-na-la'-pa-a'u), 
n. [Kahuna and lapaau, to heal.] 
A physician; a doctor of medicine. 

Kahunapele (ka'-hu'-na-pe'-le), n. 1. 
The priest or priestess of Pele. 
2. The worshipers of Pele. 

Kahunapule (ka'-hu'-na-pu'-le), n. 
[Kahuna and pule, prayer.] A 
priest; one who publicly officiates 
in the exercises of religion. The 
modern word for any clergyman 
or preacher of the gospel. 

Kahupuaa (ka'-hu-pu'-a'a), n. [Kahu 
and puaa, swine.] A swine herd, 

Kahuumu (ka'-hu-u'-mu), n. One who 
cooks or bakes food. 

Kahuumu (ka'-hu-u'-mu), v. To bake 
food in an oven; to cook food gen- 
erally. See kahu and umu, oven. 

Kahuwai (ka'-hu-wa'i), n. [Kahu and 
wai, water.] 1. One who has the 
charge or oversight of the division 
of water. 2. See kahawai. 

Kai (ka'i), adj. Same as hukakai. 

Kai (kai), adv. A long time; kai 
ka hana loa ia oe, very long the 

time you were doing it; e hana 
loa kai ka loihi, it is long to do, 
how very long. See kai, interj. 

Kai (kai), interj. Is that so? Huh? 
Any word expressing displeasure; 
annoyance, vexation. 

Kai (kai), interj. An exclamation 
denoting wonder, surprise, aston- 
ishment, etc. How; how much; 
how great: Kai ka nani! O how 
glorious! Kai ka hemolele! How 
excellent! Renowned; wonderful; 
kai ka luhi, what a weariness. 

Kai (ka'i), n. 1. The sea; sea 
water; a flood: kai hooee, an 
overflowing flood; the surf of the 
sea: kai ula, the red sea; kai 
piha, the full sea or flood tide; 
kai make, the dead sea or ebb 
tide; kai koo, a very high surf, 
etc. (See these compounds). 2. 
A current in the sea; he kai i 
Hawaii, a current towards Hawaii. 
3. Brine. 4, Gravy of roast meat; 

Kai (ka'i), n. 1. A net for fish; a 
snare for birds; a noose used as 
a trap. 2, A decayed tooth. 

Kai (ka'i), v. 1. To try or learn 
to walk. 2. To lead; to show the 
way. 3. To direct with authority; 
to have charge of, as ke kai ana 
o ka aha. 4. To draw on by the 
offer of some good, real or ap- 

Kai (ka'-i), v. To pull up and out 
of the soil. Applied to the tak- 
ing up of root crops or weeds; 
to pull up, as taro or potatoes. 

Kaiahuakai (ka'i-a-hu'-^-ka'i), n. A 
large company traveling together. 
Syn: Huakai. 

Kaiahuakai (ka'i-a-hu'-a-ka'i), v. [Kai 
and huakai, a large company.] 1. 
To lead a large traveling company. 
2. To move onward in great num- 

Kaiahulu (ka'i-a-hQ'-lu), n. The sea 
in great agitation, so as to be 

Kaiahulu (kai-a-hu'-lu), v. [Kai, sea, 
and hulu, hairy.] To be in a foam, 
as the sea agitated greatly by the 
winds; to act, as the sea when 
current and wind are contrary. 

Kaiakahinalii (ka'i-a-ka-hi'-na'-li'i), n. 
[Kai, sea, and Hinalii, name of a 
chief of Hawaii, in whose time 
there occurred a great flood.] The 
name of a great flood in ancient 
times which by tradition covered 




the whole earth, that is, the Ha- 
waiian islands. (See the story in 
D. Malo's Hawaiian Antiquities.) 
Hence this is the word used for 
the deluge in Noah's time in a 
translation of the Scriptures. 

Kaiakahulumanu (ka'i-a'-ka-hu'-lu-ma'- 
nu), n. [Kai, sea, and Hulumanu, 
a favorite of the king, Keawea- 
weulaokalani of Maui.] The name 
of the flood yet to come, as Kai- 
akahinalii is the name of the flood 
that is past. 

Kalalii (ka'i-a-li'i), n, A hard rock 
out of which hatchets were made. 

Kalalile (ka'i-a'-li'-le), adj. Indolent; 
lazy; contemptuous. 

Kaialile (ka'i-a'-li'-le), adj. Unskill- 
ful; awkward; inexpert: aole e 
loaa keia mea o ka manao, i ka 
mea kaialile lomalomaaihalale. 

Kaialile (ka'i-a'-li'-le), v. To be in- 
dolent, lazy or indifferent; to treat 
with contempt any effort to be 

Kaianoa (ka'i-a'-no'a), n. 1. A kind 
of fish-hook made of bone. 2. A 
decoy made of a shell and used 
as bait in fishing for aku. 

Kaiapo (ka'i-a'-po), n. [Kai, sea, and 
apo, to encircle.] A rising or high 
tide. The modern word is kaipii 
or kainui. 

Kaiau (ka'i-au), n. [Kai, sea, and 
au, current.] Where the currents 
move continuously in the ocean; 
beyond the reef. Syn: Hohonu. 

Kaiau (ka'i-a'u), n. [Kai, sea, and 
au, to swim.] 1. Place in the sea 
beyond a foothold. 2. Place in the 
sea capable of being swum; a 
swimmable sea. 

Kaiau I u (ka'i-a-u'-lu), n. 1. The out- 
side; the best; the figured one of 
a set of tapas. Syn: Kilohana. 2. 
Figuratively, something rather re- 
markable in appearance. 3. An 
overhanging cloud. 4. A flat ele- 

- vation on a mountain trail used as 
a resting spot. 6. Name of a 
strong wind off Waianae on the 
island of Oahu: Pa ka makani, 
he kaiaulu, i na niu o Pokai. 

Kaiea (ka'i-e'-a), n. [Kai, sea, and 
ea, to rise.] A rising tide; a swell- 
ing of the sea; a spreading over 
the land. 

Kaiee (ka'i-e'e), n. [Kai, sea, and 
ee, to get upon.] 1. A rising tide, 
a swelling of the sea; a spreading 
over the sea. Syn: Kaiea. 2. Any 

extraordinary ocean wave which 
overflows its natural limit. 

Kaiee (kai'-e'e), n. The purgative 
bean. Also called kaee. 

Kaielo (ka'i-e-lo), n. Same as kai- 

Kaiemi (ka'i-e'-mi), n. [Kai and 
emi, to lessen.] A decreasing or 
falling tide. Syn: Kaimake. 

Kaiena (kai-e-na), adv. Applied to 
defective walking. Hele kaiena 
kela, ua eha. 

Kaiena (ka'i-e'-na), n. A manner of 
walking with feet far apart : helei 
kana hele; his gait is a straddle. 

Kaiena (ka'i-e'-na), v. To walk with 
the legs far apart; to sit astride. 

Kaiewa (ka'i-e'-wa), v. To live as it 
happens, sometimes well off, some- 
times in poverty, exalted or de- 

Kalewe (ka'-i-e'-we), n. [Ka, the, 
and iewe, navel string.] 1. The 
navel cord. 2. A company that 
follows a sick chief who is seek- 
ing to regain health. The word 
is used in a figurative sense to 
represent the followers of the 
chief as being the life-giving link 
between their chief and the un- 
known, unseen source of life: Ka 
huakai ke kaiewe o ka Lani. 

Kalheenalu (ka'i-he'e-na'-lu), n. [Kai, 
sea, and heenalu, to slide down 
the surf. A surf-sliding sea.] A 
place where the sea is favorable 
for surf-riding. 

Kaihehee (ka'i-he'-he'e), n. An an- 
cient tabu to violate which in- 
volved death by lumai (drowning). 

Kaihehena (ka'i-he'-he'-na), n. [Kai 
and hehena, mad.] The raging 
sea. (The following names of the 
sea are found in a prayer of Kea- 
nini: kaikane, kaiwahine, kaipu- 
pule, kaihehena, kaiulala, kaipiliai- 

Kaihele (ka'i-he'-le), n. 1. A mov- 
ing or placing in regular order, 
as in laying stones in a pavement. 
2. First trial of a child in learn- 
ing to walk. Evidently suggested 
by the careful manner in which a 
little child places its feet in its 
first attempts at walking. 3. A 
proceeding in a continuous course. 

Kaihele (ka'i-he'-le), v. 1. To make 
a move; to transfer a piece (as in 
a game) from one position to an- 
other: Kaihele hoi paha kau po- 
haku i hiki ka'u pohaku ke hele 




aku; be so good as to move your 
stone that my stone may go for- 
ward. (Pertinent to the game of 
konane.) 2. To advance in pro- 
cessional order. 3. To walk care- 
fully, applied only to the first 
walking of a child. 

Kaiheleku (ka'i-he'-le-ku), n. Any 
place in the sea where a footing 
may be found. 

Kaihelo (kai'-he'-lo), n. The milk of 
the coconut mixed with other 
ingredients for food. Called also 
kaeelo and kaielo. 

Kaihi (ka'-i'-hi), n. 1. Dizziness. 2. 
Something in the head that pro- 
duces dizziness. 

Kaihl (ka'-i'-hi), v. 1. To spin round 
like a top; to be dizzy. 2. To 
withhold what is another's; to 
keep back what is forfeited in a 
game; to seize without ceremony. 

Kaihohonu (ka'i-h6-h5'-nu), n. [Kal 
and hohonu, deep.] High tide; 
full sea; deep water; deep sea. 

Kaihoi (ka'i-ho'i), n. [Kai and hoi, 
to return.] A falling or low tide. 

Kaihua (ka'i-hu'a), n. [Kai, sea, 
and hua, flowing.] Rising tide; 
setting in of water from the ocean 
to shore. 

Kaii (ka'-i'i), n. [Ka, the, and ii, or 
Hi, species of the tree fern.] The 
tree fern. 

Kali (ka'-i'-i), n. A kind of net for 
taking fish. Syn: Kaili. 

Kail (ka'-i'i), v. 1. To strut; to be 
vain. 2. To deny a request; to 
turn away from one asking help. 
3. To be stingy; to be close-fisted. 

Kaika (ka'i-ka'), n. 1. A cultivated 
piece of ground. 2. On wet land 
the word designates the borders 
of taro patches. 

Kalkahi (ka'i-ka'-hi), adj. [Kai, to 
apportion and kahl, one.] Few; 
scarce; unfrequent; here and there 
one. See kakaikahi. 

Kaikai (ka'i-ka'i), adj. Heavy — word 
descriptive of what must be car- 
ried on an auamo (a carrying 
stick) or on the shoulder; too 
heavy to carry in the hand. 

Kaikai (ka'i-ka'i), v. (See kai.) 1. 
To lift up, as the hand. 2. To 
lift or raise up, as the eyes to 
heaven. Syn: Leha. 3. To lift up 
or raise, as the voice in com- 
plaint; kaikai i ka leo. 4. To take 
up; to bear; to carry upon: kai- 
kai no laua i ka pahu a hiki ma 

ka hakae. 5. To take off, as a 
burden; to carry away; to lift, as 
a weight. 6. To carry tenderly; 
to support; to sustain. 7. To pro- 
mote; to favor; to exalt; to favor. 
8. To draw towards one by some 
hidden agency: Heaha la ka i 
kaikai mai nei ia'u e ike hou ia 
oe? What is it that has drawn 
me to see you again. 9. To be led 
or urged on, as by strong desire: 
a na keia kuko, kaikai kino hou 
ia mai la. — Laieik. p. 196. 

Kaikaiapola (kai'-kai'-a-po'-la), n. and 
V. Same as kakaiapola. 

Kaikaina (ka'i-ka'i-na), n. The young- 
er of two brothers or two sisters; 
used by a brother when speaking 
of a brother, or a sister of a sis- 
ter. But if a brother speaks of a 
sister, or a sister of a brother, it 
is kaikunane. The word applies to 
the younger of two or more per- 
sons of like sex and parentage. 

Kaikamahine (ka'i-ka'-ma'-hi'-ne), n. 
I A daughter; a female descendant. 
(According to analogy this word 
for daughter should be keikiwa- 
hine, after the analogy of keiki- 
kane, but Hawaiians do not use it 

Kaikaowa (ka'i-ka-o'-wa'), v. 1. (Im- 
perative.) Seize; take; follow; 
the word given by Kekuaokalani 
for seizing boys, fish, etc., that 
were not his own. 2. To kidnap. 
3. To seize and carry away fish, 
food, etc. (A word used in time 
of war.) 

Kaikea (ka'i-ke'-a), n. 1. The fat of 
hogs or other animals. 2. The 
sap of a tree. 3. The sapwood, re- 
sembling in color the fat of an- 

Kaiki (ka'i-ki), n. Beginning of flood 
tide; starting of the tide to flow 

Kaikialamea (ka'i-ki-a'-la-me'a), n. 1. 
A wasting disease like the paaoao 
in children. 2. A wasting away of 
the flesh; emaciation. 

Kaiko (ka'i-ko), n. A constable; a 
policeman. Syn: Makai. 

Kaikoakoa (ka'i-ko'a-ko'a), n. 1. 
Sauce made from the insides of 
certain fishes and eaten with food 
as a relish. 2. The watery fluid 
of the bowels. 

Kaikoeke (ka'i-k6'-e'-ke), n. A 
brother-in-law; a sister-in-law; gen- 




erally further designated by the 
word, kane or wahine. 

Kaikoele (ka'i-ko'-e'-le), n. A very 
shallow sea in a calm, too shallow 
for a canoe; he kai kui opihi, he 
malia paha. 

Kaikoi (ka'-i-ko'i), n. A species of 
taro; he kalo. 

Kaikoo (ka'i-ko-o'), n. A high surf 
of the sea: a raging swell of the 

Kaikoo (ka'i-ko-o'), v. To fall off as 
a receding sea. (Laieik. p. 165.) 

Kaikowa (ka'i-ko'-wa'), v. Same as 

Kaiku (ka'i-ku'), n. A middle tide, 
not high nor low. Small high tide. 
Syn: Kaimau. 

Kaikua (ka'i-ku'-a), n. 1. A country- 
man; a backwoodsman. 2. Des- 
olate place; region sparsely inhab- 

Kaikuaana (ka'i-ku'a-a'-na), n. The 
elder of two brothers or sisters; 
used by a brother when speaking 
of a brother, or by a sister when 
speaking of a sister; but when a 
brother speaks of an elder sister, 
it is kaikuwahine. When a sister 
speaks of an elder brother it is 

Kaikuahine (ka'i-ku'a-hi'-ne), n. The 
sister of a brother. 

Kaikunane (ka'i-ku'-na'-ne), n. The 
brother of a sister. 

Kaikuono (ka'i-ku'-o'-no), n. [Kai, 
sea, and kuono, a bay.] A gulf; 
a creek; an inlet of water into 
the land. 

Kailanahuahi (ka'i-la-na'-hu-a'-hi), n. 
[Kai and lanahuahi, a coal of fire.] 
Very dark or black water of the 

Kaili (ka-i'-li), adj. Plundered; a 
word used to describe seized prop- 
erty: Waiwai kaili; plundered 

Kaili (ka'-i'-li), n. 1. Mode of fish- 
ing with hook and line, without 
rod, called kaili from the twitch- 
ing or hasty snatching in taking 
the fish. 2. Act of taking fish by 
this method. 3. The great feather 
god of Kamehameha; also called 

Kaili (ka'-i-li), n. 1. Name of a fish 
net from its use, to take away. 
2. Extortion; a taking by force: 
he mea kaili. 

Kaili (ka'-i'-li), v. 1. To snatch; to 
take away; to take by force. 2. 

To take away, as one's pleasure 
and joy; to take away one's right; 
to spoil or rob one's glory. 3. To 
take all. 4. To labor for breath; 
to breathe as it were by snatches. 

Kailiili (ka'-i'-li-i'-li), n. A narrow 
valley near the top of Waialeale 
on the island of Kauai, a resting 
place for kings and queens in an- 
cient times. 

Kailiili (ka'-i'-li-i'-li), v. To snatch 
or grab repeatedly; to give away 
and take back indefinitely. 

Kailike (ka'i-ll'-ke), v. [Kai and 
like, alike.] To divide equally be- 
tween a number of persons. 

Kallikoliko (ka'i-li'-ko-li'-ko), adj. Fat 
or greasy; applied to gravy. 

Kailikoliko (ka'i-li'-ko-li'-ko), n. [Kai, 
gravy, and liko, oily.] 1. Fat 
gravy. 2. The oily part of fat. 
3. The appearance of oil poured 
upon water. See liko. 

Kailipolipo (ka'i-li'-p6-li'-po), n. [Kai 
and lipolipo, blue or black.] The 
deep, dark blue or black sea. 

Kailiponi (ka'-I-li-po'-ni), n. A dis- 
ease in which one falls down dead; 
something like apoplexy; he kaili- 
poni ka make. 

Kailiwale (ka'-I'-li-wa'-le), n. Seizure 
of the property of another; plun- 
der; robbery. 

Kailiwale (ka'-i'-li-wa'-le), v. 1. To 
take without regard to right or to 
consequences; to take by force. 2. 
To rob; to plunder. 

Kailuhee (ka'i-lu'-he'e), n. That part 
of the sea which is dark blue, 
that is the deep sea. Syn: Kaiula. 

Kaimahamoe (ka'i-ma'-ha-mo'-e), n. 
[Kai, gravy, and mahamoe, a fish.] 
1. The gravy made for the fish 
mahamoe. 2. The fat or grease of 
that fish. 3. A calm, quiet sea. 

Kaimake (ka'i-ma'-ke), n. [Kai and 
make, dead.] 1. Low water; ebb 
tide. 2. (Mod.) Name of the Dead 

Kaimalolo (ka'i-ma'-16-lo), n. [Kai, 
sea, and malolo, retreating.] Re- 
treating sea; a shallow place 
in the sea where the tide is at 

Kaimalolo (ka'i-ma'-lo'-lo), n. Fish- 
ing ground where the malolo (fly- 
ing fish) abound. 

Kaimaloo (ka'i-ma'-lo'o), n. [Kai 
and maloo, dry.] Low tide; ebb 
tide, when many places on the sea 




shore are dry, or the coral and 
reef are bare. 

Kaimau (ka'i-ma'u), n. Middle tide, 
neither high nor low. Syn: Kaiku. 

Kaimoku (ka'i-mo'-ku), n. A com- 
mencing of the tide to recede or 
return; a turning of the tide. 

Kaina (ka'i-na), n. 1. An expression 
used at the end of a sorcerer's in- 
vocation of eternal destruction 
upon his victim. The word shows 
the ceremony is ended. 2. Con- 
traction of kaikaina, which see. 

Kaina (ka'i-na), v. [Variant of 
kaiia, passive of Kai.] To be led 
away; to be moved slowly along. 

Kaina (ka'-i'-na), v. An imperative 
form of the verb Kai, to lead: 
Kaina aku ia ku ma o; lead Ku 
over there. 

Kaina (ka'i-na), v. [Intransitive of 
kai, to move.] To be moved; to 
be carried or borne along; to be 
drawn away. 

Kainoa (ka'i-no'-a), v. An imper- 
sonal verb denoting doubt, or un- 
certainty of opinion. Kainoa he 
oiaio; as if it were true. Kainoa 
he oiaio kana olelo; as if his word 
were true. The word is some- 
times shortened by dropping the 
final a, to Kai no. 

Kainui (ka'i-nu'-i), n. High sea; 
high tide. Syn: Kaipiha. 

Kainunuki (ka'i-nu'-nu'-ki), n. [Kai, 
sea, and nunuki, rising and fall- 
ing.] An irregular wave of the 
ocean; tide or wave not conform- 
ing to the general course of the 

Kaio (ka-I'o). [Ka, the, and io, a 
hawk.] The brown hawk or kite. 

Kaioe (ka'i-o'e), n. 1. A shrub or 
tree: he pua laau no ke kaioe, the 
tree blossom of the kaioe. 2. A 
lizard god supposed to inhabit the 
plant kaioe. 

Kaiohua (ka'i-o'-hu'-a), n. A place 
between the shallow and the deep 
sea, a favorite feeding place of 
the ohua fish. 

Kaioio (ka'-i'o-i'o), adv. Unthriftily; 
weakly; scatteringly, describes the 
growing of plant life: Ulu kaioio 
ka nahelehele; the weeds grow 
scattered about. 

Kaiokilohee (ka'i-o-ki'-lo-he'e), n. 
[Kai, sea, okilo, to look for, and 
hee, squid.] 1. Squid fishery. 2. 
Name of a place in the sea; same 
as kaiau. 

Kaiolena (ka'i-6'-le'-na), n. [Kai, 
liquid, and olena, yellow.] 1. 
Water prepared with salt and the 
yellow coloring matter of the 
olena plant and set apart for re- 
ligious rites. 2. Dye made from 
the olena plant. 

Kaiolena (ka'i-6'-le'-na), v. 1. To 
cleanse; to purify; e huikala; e 
hoomaemae. 2. To make yellow 
by dyeing. 

Kaioloa (ka'i-o'lo-a'), n. The cere- 
mony of tying the malo on to the 
god; it was done by the women 
of the chief. 

Kaiooleiepa (ka-i'o-o-le'-le'-pa), n. 
[Ka, the, io, bird of the hawk 
family, o, of, and lelepa, name of 
a district in the island of Hawaii. 
The hawk that flies over the dis- 
trict of Lelepa.] One of Kame- 
hameha's fanciful appellations. 

kalanl ka Io o Lelepa, 
Ka alapa pii moo o ku. 

Kaiopelu (ka'i-6'-pe'-lu), n. 1. A 
place in the sea where fishermen 
fish for opelu. 2. A sauce or gravy- 
used as an appetizer. 

Kaiopokeo (ka'i-o'-po'-ke'o), n. Name 
of a long prayer at the dedication 
of a heiau, temple. 

Kaipaeaea (ka'i-pa-e'a-e'a), n. [Kai, 
sea, and paeaea, the act of catch- 
ing fish with rod, hook and line.] 
1. Place for catching fish with rod 
and line. 2. A calm, smooth sea. 
Syn: Pohu. 

Kaipapau (ka'i-pa-pa'u), n. A shal- 
low place in the sea; shallow sea. 
Syn: Poana and kaiohua. 

Kaipiha (ka'i-pi'-ha), n. [Kai and 
piha, full.] A high sea; high tide, 

Kaipii (ka'i-pi'i), n. [Kai, sea, and 
pii, climbing.] High or rising 
tide. Syn: Kainui. 

Kaipu (ka'i-pu'), n. Same as kai- 

Kaipuu (ka'i-pu'u), n. A division or 
portion. More commonly written 

Kaipuu (ka'i-pu'u), v. To divide out 
into parts or portions. See puu. 

Kaiua (ka'i-u'-a), v. To continue; to 
repeat over and over: kaiua ka 
olelo; he olelo kuawili. E kaiua 
i ka hookahe i ka wai; continue 
to water the ground. 

Kaiula (ka'i-u'-la), n. [Mod. Kai, 
sea, and ula, red.] 1. The Red 
Sea. The sea that separates Af- 
rica and Asia. 2. Menses. 




Kalulala (ka'i-u'-la'-la), n. 1. That 
part of the ocean's surface out of 
sight of land. 2. A tempestuous 

Kaluli (ka'i-u'li), n. [Kai, sea, and 
uli, blue.] The dark blue sea; 
hence, the deep sea; the name of 
the sea beyond the kohola. Syn: 

Kaiulu (ka'i-u'-lu), n. 1. The sea at 
full tide. Syn: Kainui and kai- 
piha. 2. Same as kaiaulu, the 
name of a wind at Waianae. 

Kaiuwe (kai-u'-we), v. Same as 

Kai wi poo (ka'-i-wi-po'o), n. [Ka, 
article, iwi, bone, and poo, the 
head.] 1. The skull. 2. Calvary, 
the place where Jesus Christ was 

Kaka (ka'-ka), n. A cluster; num- 
ber of things growing together or 
adjusted in clusters. 

Kaka (ka-ka'), n. [Mod.] The com- 
mon duck. 

Kaka (ka'-ka'), v. [Ka, to strike; 
to dash.] 1. To beat; to whip. 2. 
To cut and split or break wood 
(this was anciently done, not with 
against stones or rocks). 3. To 
an axe, but by striking sticks 
strike, as fire with flint and steel; 
ka or kaka ahi. 4. To thrash, as 

Kaka (ka'-ka), v. To cleanse by dip- 
ping or rubbing in water. 

Kaka (ka'-ka), v. To be odorous, 
fragrant or otherwise. 

Kakaa (ka-ka'a), adj. Rolling; re- 
volving; spinning. 

Kakaa (ka-ka'a), adj. Restless; wan- 
dering. Applied also to a condi- 
tion of the eyes where the muscles 
which serve the eyeball suffer 
partial paralysis: Maka kakaa, un- 
fixed, rolling eyes, or cross-eyed. 

Kakaa (ka-ka'a), n. 1. A rolling; a 
moving to and fro. 2. Restless- 

Kakaa (ka'-ka'a), v. [Ka and kaa, 
to roll.] 1. To roll; to turn over 
and over. 2. To turn round rap- 
idly; to spin, as a top. 3. To re- 
volve, as a wheel on an axis. 

Kakaa (ka'-ka'a), v. To turn aside; 
to deviate; to roll about, as a 
canoe in a rolling sea: Kakaa ae 
la ka ihu o ka waa ilalo, the prow 
of the canoe has turned off the 

Kakaako (ka-ka-a'-ko), adj. Dull; 
slow; crooked; underhand; mean; 
unfair; fraudulent. 

Kakae (ka'-ka'e), adj. Spry; lively, 
as a child in walking. 

Kakae (ka'-ka'e), v. 1. To run. 2. 
To be spry; to be quick. 

Kakaha (ka'-ka'-ha), n. 1. Common 
name applied to strips of barren 
land along the seashore. 2. A 
comparatively shallow place (or 
bank) in the ocean where many 
kinds of fish abound. See aukaka. 

Kakahe (ka'-ka'-he), n. A flowing 
as a brook; a flowing or dripping 
of any fluid. 

Kakahe (ka'-ka'-he), v. [See kahe, 
to flow.] 1. To flow; to overflow; 
to run, as a liquid; to melt; to 
flow, as a melted substance. 2. 
To leak, as a fluid. 3. To gather 
or sweep along in crowds — applied 
to a collection of living creatures 
moving in the same course. See 

Kakaheawai (ka'-ka'-he-a'-wa'i), v. 
[Kakahe, to flow, a, as, and wai, 
water.] To flow like water; to 
flow in great quantity. 

Kakahele (ka'-ka-he'-le), v. [Kaka 
and hele, to go.] 1. To go quickly; 
to move quickly; to be in a hurry. 
2. To go recklessly. 

Kakahi (ka-ka-hi'), n. Same as ka- 
kaki, an iron hoop. 

Kakahiaka (ka-ka'-hl-a'-ka), n. [Ka- 
kahi and aka, shade. Breaking the 
shade (of night).] Morning: ka- 
kahiaka nui, early in the morning. 

Kakahiaka (ka-ka'-M-a'-ka), v. To 
be or become morning. 

Kakahiki (ka'-ka-hi'-ki), adj. Lack- 
ing point or purpose in conversa- 

Kakahiki (ka'-ka-hi'-ki), n. Idle con- 
versation; waste of time in vain 
talk. Syn: Kakahili. 

Kakahili (ka'-ka-hi'-li), n. Idle chat- 

Kakahou (ka'-ka-ho'u), adj. 1. Imma- 
ture; not ripe. Applied in general 
to agricultural products. 2. Just 
buried; of recent interment. 

Kakahou (ka'-ka-ho'u), v. [Kaka, to 
cut or break up, and hou, to stab 
or pierce.] To torture to death 
by cutting, piercing or flaying. (A 
mode of punishing practiced by 
the natives in a former age.) Also 
known as kakaolo, to cut up alive. 




Kakal (ka-ka'i), n. 1. A company 
traveling together. 2. A family, in- 
cluding servants, dependents, etc. 

Kakai (ka'-ka'i), n. 1. Name of the 
strings used in tying up a cala- 
bash. 2. A string to make fast to. 
3. A litter, as of animals. 4. A 
cloud that hangs low, near the 
ground: E makani auanei, ke kau 
mai la ke kakai o Waimea; there 
will be wind, the kakai hangs over 

Kakal (ka-ka'i), v. [Kal, to lead.] 

1. To go along in company: kakai 
ka aha i muli honua; the company 
followed all together. 2. To travel 
together, as a huakai, or caravan: 
kakai lua ka hele a kanaka. 2. To 
follow, as chickens do a hen. 3. 
To follow one after another, as in 
Indian file. 

Kakai (ka'-ka'i), v. To gird; to tie 
on; to encircle with band or net. 

2. To lift the aha, tabu cord, while 
the priests pray. 

Kakaiahili (ka'-ka'i-a-hl'-li), v. 1. To 
talk in a haphazard manner; to 
speak without thought. 2. To walk 
in a zigzag manner; to wander 
about, as one lost. 

Kakaiapola (ka'-ka'i-a-po'-la), n. [Ka- 
kai, string to tie to, a, preposition 
of, and pola, a pendant.] 1. The 
tail of a kite; alaila, nakinaki na 
kaula hanai ame ke kakaiapola 
ame ke aho. 2. A leading string. 

Kakaiapola (ka'-ka'i-a-p5'-la), v. To 
lead on or compel to follow by a 
leading string. 

Kakaikahi (ka'-ka'i-ka'-hi), adj. 1. 
Few; scarce; here and there one; 
a small number. 2. Rare. 

Kakaikahi (ka'-ka'i-ka'-hi), adv. 

Kakaikahi (ka'-ka'i-ka'-hi), v. To be 
few; to be scarce; to be seldom 
occurring; hence, to be precious. 

Kakaipall (ka'-ka'i-pa'-li), n. [Kakai, 
string or net-work, and pall, prec 
ipice.] A precipice or series of 
precipices enclosing or protecting 
the adjoining region. 

Kakaipauda (ka'-ka'i-pau'-da), n. 
[Eng. Mod.] A cartridge box. Also 
known as kapepauda. 

Kakaka (ka'-ka'-ka), n. A bow for 
shooting arrows; a cross-bow. 

Kakaka (ka'-ka'-ka), v. To be 
crooked; to be bent, as a bow. 
(Hookakaka is the transitive 

Kakaka (ka'-ka'-ka), v. 1. To cleanse 
with water; to wash. 2. To wash 
lightly; to rinse. 

Kakakaka (ka'-ka-ka'-ka), adj. 1. 
Unclean; filthy. 2. Ceremonially 

Kakakau (ka'-ka-ka'u), n. [Ka, a 
cup, and kakau, to print.] A cup- 
like dish, usually of stone, used to 
hold the ink or dye with which 
the natives marked tapa or tat- 
tooed the skin. 

Kakakau (ka'-ka-ka'u), v. To re- 
print; to renew the characters of. 

Kakake (ka'-ka-ke'), n. A name ap- 
plied in general to all potatoes 
unfit for poi. 

KakakI (ka'-ka-ki'), n. An iron hoop; 
iron from a hoop, that is, hoop 
iron; hookahi puaa, hookahi pauku 
kakaki, one hog for one piece of 
iron hoop. (Found in D. Malo: 
Mooolelo Hawaii). Syn: Kakahi. 
The modern word is apohao. 

KakakI (ka'-ka-kl') v. To be poor or 
thin in flesh: Ua hele ia a kakaki; 
he has become thin. 

Kakaki hi (ka'-ka-ki'-hi), v. 1. To 
step lightly or softly; to go quick- 
ly; to run lightly. 2. To wander 
without aim or purpose. 

Kakaki I (ka'-ka-ki'i), n. Careless- 
ness in speaking; falsehood. 

Kakakii (ka'-ka'-ki'i), v. 1. To speak 
without regard to truth; to be 
careless of what one says. 2. To 
be clumsy in one's mode of action; 
to blunder in deportment. 3. To 
walk crookedly. 

Kakala (ka'-ka'-la), adj. Sharp; 
sharp pointed; rough with sharp 

Kakala (ka'-ka'-la), n. 1. The break- 
ing of the surf: kakala ka nalu. 2. 
Anything sharp pointed; anything 
small and sharp, like a needle. 3. 
The spur of a cock. 4. A species 
of worm that destroys potatoes 
and other vegetables; a cater- 
pillar. Syn: Peelua. Also known 
as peelue. 
Kakala (k^'-ka'-la), v. 1. To be 
rough with sharp points; to be 
craggy; to be sharp, as a needle, 
pin, etc. 2. To be inflamed with 
anger; to be turbulent, as an an- 
gry mob; to express anger in 
words. 3. To loosen; to unfasten. 
4. To give up feelings of resent- 
ment; to forgive; to excuse. See 




Kakalaau (ka'-ka'-la'-a'u), n. 1. A 
variety of hula dance. 2. Fenc- 
ing with spears, an art taught in 
ancient times: he nui ka poe ao 
i ke kupololu ame ke kakalaau, me 
ke kaala, many persons learned 
to strike with the pololu, to fence 
and to throw with a sling. 

Kakalaau (ka'-ka'-la'-a'u), v. To 
practice attack and defense with 

Kakalaio (ka'-ka'-lai-o'), v. 1. To 
have a creepy sensation, as though 
chilled with fright. 2. To shudder 
with fear. 3. To have the sensa- 
tion of cold. 4. To be rough, as 
the skin affected with cold. See 

Kakalaioa (ka'-ka'-lai-o'a), adj. 
Thorny; composed of thorns. 

Kakalaioa (ka'-ka-la'i-o'a), n. A tall 
spreading shrub (Caesalpinia bon- 
ducella), having seeds globose, of 
stony hardness and lead color. 

Kakalaioa (ka'-ka'-lai-o'a), v. Same 
as kakalaio, to have a creepy sen- 

Kakalana (ka'-ka-la'-na), v. 1. To 
cry out; to call aloud. 2. To 
proclaim throughout a kalana, or 

Kakalawela (ka'-ka-la'-we'-la), n. A 
scar from burning. 

Kakalawela (ka'-ka-la'-we'-la), v. [Ka- 
kala and wela, to burn.] 1. To 
make a scar by burning; to sear. 
2. To have the color and appear- 
ance of a seared or scarred skin. 

Kakale (ka'-ka'-le), adj. Thin; great- 
ly diluted with water, as thin poi: 
he ai kakale. 

Kakale (ka'-ka'-le), v. 1. To be thin; 
to be watery; to be nearly liquid, 
as thin poi. 2. To have the quality 
of a fluid, as thin poi or molasses. 
(Hookakale is the transitive form.) 

Kakali (ka'-ka'-li), adv. Waitingly; 
in a waiting posture; in wait; 
watchfully. Oi noho kakali aku 
nei, o ka po no ia, have watch- 
fully waited until night. 

Kakali (ka'-ka'-li), v. To wait for 
some person or thing to come or 
be done; to expect; to continue 
waiting for something. See kali. 

Kakalule (ka'-ka-lu'-le), adj. Not cer- 
tain; variable; equivocal: kaka- 
lule ma ke kamailio ana, equiv- 
ocal in conversation. 

Kakana (ka'-ka-na'), adj. Rough, as 
in conversation ; boisterous ; coarse. 

Kakana (ka'-ka-na'), n. 1. Contemp- 
tuous language; reproach; vilifi- 
cation. 2. An expression of scorn. 

Kakana (ka'-ka'-na), n. Satan. 

Kakanakana (ka'-ka'-na-ka'-na), n. 1. 
A species of limu or sea moss. 2. 
Same as kakonakona. 

Kakana! ii (ka'-ka'-na-li'i), v. To be 

Kakani (ka'-ka'-ni), n. 1. A blast 
or blight on vegetables. 2. A small 
insect which lives on the outside 
of fruit, leaves, etc. 3. The itch. 

Kakaoko (ka'-ka-o'-ko), adj. Incor- 
rect form of kakaako. Dull; slow; 
crooked; underhand; mean; un- 
fair; fraudulent. 

Kakaola (ka-ka-6'-la), n. 1. The 
spirit or soul of a living person 
as seen by the kahuna kilokilo, 
juggling priest. (If many spirits 
were seen in company they were 
called oio. The ghost of a single 
deceased person was called kino- 
wailua, which see.) 2. Hallucina- 

Kakaolelo (ka'-ka'-o-le'-lo), n. [Kaka 
and olelo, word.] A counselor; an 
.adviser; a lawgiver; a scribe; one 
skilled in language: kekahi poe 
kanaka akamai i ke kakaolelo, cer- 
tain men skillful in judgment. 

Kakapa (ka'-ka'-pa), n. 1. A small 
strip of land adjoining a larger 
piece of land belonging to an- 
other person: ina he kakapa o ka 
loi, i hookahi lalani o ua kakapa 
ai la. 2. The outside bank of a 
taro patch. 

Kakapahi (ka'-ka-pa'-hi), n. Fenc- 
ing; sword exercise. 

Kakapahi (ka'-ka-pa'-hi), v. [Kaka, 
to strike, and pahi, knife.] To 
fence; to use the sword in fenc- 

Kakau (ka'-ka'u), n. 1. Anything 
written. 2. The act of writing; 
hence, 3. The writing down of the 
names of persons who are to pay 

Kakau (ka'-ka'u), v. 1. To write; 
to mark with a pen or pencil; to 
make letters. 2. To write upoa; 
to print or paint on tapa, as in 
former times; to put down for re- 
membrance. 3. To describe; to 
mark out; to designate; to divide 
out into parcels, as land. 4. To 

Kakaualii (ka'-ka'u-a'-li'i), n. 1. A 
royal scribe; one whose office is 





to do a chief's writing. 2. A 
writer of chronology. 

Kakauha (ka'-ka-u'-ha), adj. 1. Not 
flexible; rigid. 2. Oppressive. 

Kakauha (ka'-ka-u'-ha), v. To be 
stretched out, as the arm; hence, 
to be oppressive. (Hookakauha is 
the transitive form.) 

Kakaukaha (ka'-ka'u-ka'-ha), v. 1. 
To print, paint or mark, as on the 
skin. 2. To tattoo. 

Kakaumooolelo ka.'-ka'u-mo'o-5'-le'- 
lo), n. [Mod. Kakau, to write, 
and mooolelo, connected talk.] A 
recorder; a copyist; one who 
writes a mooolelo or story. 

Kakauolelo (ka'-ka'u-o-le'-lo), n. 
[Mod. Kakau and olelo, word.] 
A person whose business it is to 
keep or write a record; a scribe; 
a clerk; a secretary. 

Kakawahie (ka'-ka-wa'-hi'-e), n. Name 
of a bird. (Loxops flammea.) 

K a ka we I e we le ( ka-ka'-we'-le-we'-le ) , 
n. A recalling to mind of some 
mutual agreement or stipulation; a 
calling back of what has formerly 
been in the mind: A i loaa hoi ke 
kawelewele, pono iki no ia mana- 
wa; if memory recalls (a pledge 
of love) it will be well for the 
time being. 

Kake (ka'-ke), n. 1. Potatoes unfit 
for poi. Syn: Kakake. 2. Code 
language spoken and written, used 
generally only by Hawaiian roy- 

Kakekake (ka'-ke-ka'-ke), v. To be 
changed in the relative positions 
of, as cards in a pack. 

Kakeko (ka'-ke'-ko), adj. 1. Power- 
ful; strong; having great physical 
mgth. 2. Hard; difttcmtr Nana 
kakeko, hard work. 

Kakele (ka'-ke'-le), n. A rubbing 
over the surface of the body; an 
anointing of the skin of a person. 

Kakele (ka'-ke'-le), v. 1. To slip; to 
slide, as on a muddy road. 2. To 
glide on the surface of the water; 
to sail about for pleasure. See 
kele. 3. To besmear, as the skin 
with oil. 4. To do that which will 
please one. 

Kakepauda (ka'-ke-pa'u-da), n. [Eng.] 
A cartridge box. Syn: Kakai- 

KakI (ka'-ki), adj. Cross; petulant; 
showing anger, irritation, rage, 
etc., in language or looks. 

Kakia (ka'-ki'-a), n. A nail; a pin; 
a wedge. Syn: Makia. 

KakIa (ka'-ki'-a), v. To wedge or 
fasten up tightly; to fasten in a 
particular place or situation with 
a nail, pin or wedge. 

Kakini (ka'-ki'-ni), adj. [Eng. Mod.] 
Twelve in number; a dozen. 

Kakini (ka'-ki-ni), n. (Mod.) A gar- 
ment made to cover the foot and 
leg; a stocking. 

Kakio (ka'-ki'o), n. The itch; the 
itching pustules of the skin. Syn: 

Kakiwi (ka'-ki'-wi), adj. Crooked; 
bent; pahi kakiwi, a crooked 

Kakiwi (ka'-ki'-wi), v. 1. To bend 
down and fasten in the earth, as 
in propagating plants by causing 
a branch to take root previous to 
its separation from the stock. 2. 
To ensnare; to catch by means of 
a noose. 

Kakolu (ka'-ko'-lu), adj. Three- 
stranded; three-fold; kakolu ke 
kaula. Syn: Kaakolu. 

Kakona (ka'-ko'-na), v. To stop; to 
hinder anything in its progress: 
kakona ke ahi, haule wale iho no; 
the torch fails, it falls short — 
spoken of the ahikao or flambeaux 
tossed over cliffs. Syn: Ali. 

Kakonakona (ka'-ko'-na-ko'-na), n. 1. 
A species of grass (Panicum torri- 
dum). 2. A species of limu or sea 
moss, known also as lipaha. 

Kakoo (ka'-ko'o), n. 1. A sash; a 
girdle. 2. One who aids or sup- 
ports another in an undertaking. 

Kakoo (ka'-ko'o), v. 1. To bind up; 
to gird on, as one's loose garment 
with a sash; to bind round. 2. To 
give strength; to assist; to back 
up; to take the part of; to up- 

Kakou (ka'-k6'u), pron. We; spoken 
of more than two, including the 
speaker and the persons addressed. 

Kaku (ka'-ku'), n. The name of a 
long fish, a species of barracuda 
(Sphyraena snodgrassi). A large 
voracious species of wide range. 
Syn: Kupala. 

Kakua (ka'-ku'-a), n. The worship 
of the gods; worship. 

Kakua (ka'-ku'-a), v. 1. To bind or 
fasten on, as a pa-u. Syn: Kakoo. 
2. To tie on, as a kihei, a gar- 
ment formerly worn by Hawaiian 
men. To put round, as a cincture 




or girdle. Syn: Kakoo. 3. To as- 
cribe power or sacrifice to the 
gods; to magnify. 4. To appeal 
to the gods for help. 

Kakual (ka'-ku'-a'i), n. Sacrifice of- 
fered at every meal. The offer- 
ings were mostly of bananas, fish 
and awa. 

Kakuai (ka'-ku'-a'i), v. To feed the 
spirits of the dead; to place food 
upon a household altar for the 
dead. This was formerly a com- 
mon practice among the Hawaiians. 

Kala (ka'-la'), adj. Silver: puna 
kala, silver spoon. 

Kala (ka'-la), adv. Spoken of time, 
as: aole e kala, long ago; long 
since; not very lately; not just 
now; a good while ago; aole e 
kala ka noho ana o na haole maa- 
nei, it is a good while that for- 
eigners have lived here, that is, 
their coming here is not lately. 

Aole e kala, E kala kahlko 
E kalawale i makeai 
E kala kahiko. 

Kala (ka'-la), n. 1. A public crier; 
A person whose busine-ss it was to 
summon people and chiefs togeth- 
er in time of war, 2. A substi- 
tute. 3. The ends of a house in 
distinction from the sides. 4. A 
species of surgeon fish (Acanthu- 
rus unicornis). Color, olive, pale 
below; top of head and horn dark 
olivaceous, caudal spines pale blue; 
dorsal fin pale blue crossed by 
narrow pale yellow lines. 5. A 
migratory bird (Sterna panayen- 
sis) about as large as the common 
pigeon; plumage dark gray, white 

Kala (ka'-la' or dala), n. [Mod.] The 
Hawaiian pronunciation of dollar; 
hence silver coin; silver in gen- 

Kala (ka'-la), v. 1. To loosen; to 
untie, as a string or rope; to let 
loose, as an animal. 2. To un- 
loose; to put off, as clothes; to 
undress; to put off, as armor. 
3. To open half way, as a door or 
book. 4. To absolve from a con- 
tract. 5, To put away; to take 
away, that is, to forgive sin or a 
crime; to pardon. 6. To forgive, 
as a debt; to release one from 
payment. 7. To pardon a fault; 
to free from imputation of blame. 
8. To ask forgiveness; to acknowl- 

edge a wrong with expression of 

Kala (ka'-la), v. 1. To proclaim, as 
a public person the will of his 
sovereign; to cry, as a public crier. 
2. To proclaim; to send for; to 
invite. 3. To publish; to make 
known by proclamation. 

Kalaau (ka'-la'-au'), n. [Ka, to 
strike; laau, wood.] An ancient 
hula dance in which a part of the 
music was the striking of one 
stick upon another, as castanets: 
He kalaau ka hula nui a na 'lii e 
hana ai, A kalaau was the great 
dance which the chiefs performed. 

Kalaau (ka'-la-a'u), v. [Kala, to call, 
and au, float.] To call; to call 
aloud. See walaau. 

Kalaau (ka'-la'-a'u), v. [Ka, to cast 
or strike, and laau, stick.] To hit 
two sticks together in the kalaau, 
a kind of hula. See kakalaau. 

Kalae (ka'-la'e), adj. 1. Clear; pure; 
white; calm; pleasant. 

Kalae (ka'-la'e), n. 1. Clearness; 
whiteness. 2. A clear pure at- 
mosphere; a calm. Laieik. p. 25. 
See lae and laelae. 3. Name of 
a section of land on the island of 

Kalaea (k3,'-la-e'a), adv. Roughly; 
harshly; angrily; applied to speak- 
ing: He olelo kalaea wale no ka 
Hakau ia Umi; Hakau spake only 
roughly to Umi. 

Kalaea (ka'-la-e'a), n. Roughness; 
rudeness in speaking; harshness. 

Kalahala (ka'-la-ha'la), n. 1. The 
taking away of guilt; an atone- 
ment. 2. That which takes away 
sin; that which absolves sin; a 

Kalahala (ka'-la-ha'-la), v. [Kala, to 
pardon, and hala, guilt.] 1, To 
loose or absolve one from guilt or 
sin; to pardon sin. 2. To take 
away the ground of an offense, or 
to answer for it. 

Kalahale (ka'-la-ha'-le), adv. [Kala 
and hale, the end of a house.] Like 
the end of a house, that is, per- 
pendicular, or nearly so; o na 
wahi e kiekie kalahale ana ma kahi 
aoao, he pali ia, places being per- 
pendicularly high on one side are 
palis (precipices). 

K a i a h e wa he wa ( ka'-la-he'-wa-he'-wa) , 
V. 1. To give inconsiderately. 
Same as haawi naaupo. 2. To 
give foolishly or unwisely. 3. To 




settle or bestow one's property, as 
a crazy man: eia ka'u, until it 
is all gone. 

Kalahua (ka'-la-hu'a), n. The reli- 
gious ceremony of chiefly women 
being allowed to eat fish after a 
tabu: ai no hoi na wahine a pau 
i ka ia hou, ua kapaia keia hana 
ana he kalahua, and all the women 
ate of the fresh fish, this act was 
called kalahua. 

Kalai (ka'-la'i), v. 1. To hew; to 
cut: kalai laau, to hew wood; 
kalai pohaku, to hew stones. 2. To 
pare; to cut; to engrave; to carve 
out, that is, to divide out, as one's 
portion: kalai laau, a hewer of 
wood; kalai pohaku, a stone cutter. 
3. To direxjt; to conduct or regu- 
late; to manage. 

Kalaiaina (ka'-la'i-a'i-na), n. 1. Dur- 
ing the days of Hawaiian mon- 
archy, the name of the office of 
the Minister of the Interior. 2. Po- 
litical economy. 3. (Mod.) Polit- 
ical party. 4. (Mod.) A depart- 
ment of the cabinet. 

Kalaiaina (ka'-la'i-a'i-na), v. [Kalai, 
to divide, and aina, land.] To 
manage or direct the affairs of the 
land, that is, the resources. 

Kalaihi (ka'-la-i'-hi), adj. Assuming 
undue importance; boastful; proud; 
exalted on account of one's office 
or nearness to a chief: ame ka 
leo kalaihi o na kumu, and with 
boastful voice of the teachers. 

Kalaiia (ka'-lai'-i'a), adj. Hewn; cut; 
carved; graven; engraved. 

Kalaiino (ka'-la'i-I'-no), v. [Kalai, to 
carve out, and Ino, wickedness.] 
1. To concoct mischief; to devise 
a plan of evil against another. See 
aiahulu. 2. To contrive secretly 
to kill or destroy by witchcraft. 

Kalaimoku (ka'-la'i-mo'-ku), n. [Ka- 
lai^ manage, and moku, island.] 
1. One who is concerned in man- 
aging the affairs of an island. 2. 
One whose advice is valued in 
managing a people; o ka mea aka- 
mai i ke kakaolelo no ke aupuni, 
he kalaimoku ia; the person skill- 
ful as a counselor for the govern- 
ment is a kalaimoku. ' 

Kalaipohaku (ka'-la'i-po'-ha'-ku), n. 
[Kalai and pohaku, a stone.] A 
stone cutter. 

Kalakaka (ka'-la-ka'-ka), adj. 1. 
Rough; rude; offensive to the ear. 

Applied to language. 2. Rough; 
scraggy; thorny; knotty. 

Kalakaka (ka'-la-ka'-ka), v. 1. To be 
craggy; to be rough; to be harsh. 
2. To use coarse language. 

Kalakala (ka'-la-ka'-la), adj. Rough; 
sharp, as a rasp; as saw teeth. 

Kalakala (ka'-la-ka'-la), adv. Rough- 
ly; harshly. Applied in a general 
way to deportment and language. 

Kalakala (ka'-la-ka'-la), v. To be 
thorny; to have rough or sharp 
points, as plants or animals. 

Kalakalai (ka'-la-k§:'-la'i), v. To hew; 
to cut; to carve, as in wood. See 

Kalakini (ka'-la'-kl'-ni), n. [Kala, 

money, and kini, for guinea.] 1. 

An English gold coin. 2. Later kini 

was used in describing any gold 

coin: Kau kuai ana i ka wahine 

o Maui i ke kalakini, your buying 

a woman of Maui with gold. 

, Kalakua (ka'-la-ku'-a), n. [Kala, 

rough, and kua, back.] The fin on 

the back of a fish. Syn: Kuala. 

j Kalakupua (ka'-la-ku'-pu'-a), v. To 

! be under control of some myste- 

I rious or supernatural influence, as 

witchcraft or sorcery. Hookala- 

kupua is the transitive form. 

Kalalau (ka'-la-la'u), n. 1. A table- 
land on Mount Waialeale, on the 
island of Kauai. "Nani Kalalau, he 
aina pali," beautiful Kalalau, a 
land of cliffs. 2. A series of palis 
or famous cliffs on the north side 
of Kauai. "Napelepele Kalalau, 
owali i ka makani," Uncertain is 
Kalalau, swinging in the wind. 
The words refer to the swinging 
ladders at Kalalau. 

Kalalea (ka'-la-le'-a), adj. 1. Promi- 
nent and long. 2. Turned up, as 
the nose. 3. Distorted, as the face 
of an angry man: maka kalalea. 

Kalalea (ka'-la-le'-a), n. 1. Height; 
what is high up. 2. Pride; haugh- 
tiness, as in men. 3. A general 
name for a school of sharks. Ua 
ike mai nei oe i ka lalani kalalea? 
Did you see the line of sharks? 
(The word is applied to a number 
of sharks swimming in line.) 4. 
Name of a mountain on Kauai. 
(Laieik. p. 13.) 

Kalai i (ka'-la-ll'), adj. 1. Making 
an exhibition of one's self in ac- 
tions or movements of the body. 
2. Quick and straightforward; ap- 
plied to motion; kalai i ka holo o 




ka moku; kalali ka hele o ke ka- 
naka mama; Swiftly sails the ship; 
rapidly walks the man. 

Kalali (ka'-la-ll'), n. A showing off; 
a display of one's self in an osten- 
tatious manner, 

Kalali (ka'-la-lI'), v. 1. To talk in 
a pretentious manner; to show off; 
to affect ambitious display in con- 
versation or in actions. 2. To 
walk stiffly or proudly; to walk 
like a soldier marching. 

Kalamalo (ka'-la-ma'-lo'), n. A spe- 
cies of grass (Eragrostis varia- 
bilis). A variety of grass said to 
have a curative property, and used 
in midwifery. 

Kaiamania (ka'-la-ma'-ni'a), adj. 
Level; even; having an even sur- 
face, as a quiet sea. 

Kaiamania (ka-la-ma'-nl'-a), n. Kala 
and mania, smooth.] 1. The smooth 
end of a house; a steep smooth 
hill; a pali (cliff). 2. A smooth 

Kalamaula (ka'-la-ma-u'-la), n. A spe- 
cies of stone out of which maika 
stones were made. See humuula. 

Kalamo (ka'-la'-mo), n. Word used 
by translators of the Scriptures for 
the name of a plant, calamus, men- 
tioned in Solomon's Song 4:14. 

Kalamoe (ka'-la-mo'-e), n. A bluish 
species of kala or surgeon fish. 

Kalamoku (ka'-la-mo'-ku'), n. (Or 
kalamoho.) A species of awa fish; 
deep sea awa. See awa. 

Kalana (ka'-la'-na), n. 1. A sieve; 
a strainer. 2. The name early 
given by Hawaiians to white writ- 
ing paper. 

Kalana (ka-la'-na), n. The name of 
a division of an island next less 
than moku, and synonymous with 
okana in some places. 

Kalana (ka'-la'-na), v. To sift; to 
strain, as through a sieve, etc. See 

Kalanae (ka'-la-na'e), n. An eye ser- 
vant; a servant who works only 
when watched. 

Kalanae (ka'-la-na'e), v. To work 
only when watched. 

Kalaneo (ka'-la-ne'o), v. To be de- 
ceitful; to be two-faced. Hookala- 
neo is the transitive form. 

Kalania (ka'-la-ni'a), adj. Smooth, 
as the sea without a wave. See 

Kalanlpaa (ka'-la'-ni-pa'a), n. The 
broad blue sky; the fixed, strong 

Kalaniuli (ka'-la'-ni-u'-li), n. The 
blue sky; the upper visible heav- 
ens. See apapalani. 

Kalau (ka'-la'u), v. 1. To thatch 
with leaves or potato vines; to 
thatch or line the inside of a house 
with leaves. 2. To work ineffi- 

Kalauae (ka'-la'u-a'e), adj. Indis- 
posed to work; lazy; loitering. 

Kalauae (ka'-la'u-a'e), v. 1. To be 
indifferent to work; to be lazy. 
2. To be a hanger-on. 

Kalaunuiohua (ka-la'u-nu'i-6-hu'a), n. 
An ancient king who lived in the 
time of a universal famine called 

Kalawa (ka'-la'-wa), n. 1. A place 
where a bend in the road comes 
again to a straight line. 2. Inter- 
mittent pains in the side, neck, 
etc.: eia keia eha, ua kalawa ae 
nel i kuu ai, here is this pain, it 
has just moved round to my neck. 

Kalawa (ka'-la'-wa), v. To move off 
to one side and partly round: ua 
kalawa ae la ma ke kua o ka hale; 
to move a little sideways and in a 
circular motion. 

Kalawa i (ka'-la-wa'i), v. To go 
round; to go about; to surround. 
Syn: Poai. 

Kalawaia (ka'-lS'-wa-i'a), n. The oc- 
cupation of a fisherman; the act 
of taking fish. [The word takes 
no article. The word is written 
and pronounced by Hawaiians as 
though ka were an integral part 
of the word.] Syn: Lawaia and 

Kalawakua (ka'-la'-wa-ku'-a), v. [Ka- 
lawa, to move to one side; and 
kua, the back.] To move side- 
ways and round to the back. 

Kale (ka'-le), adj. Thin and watery, 
as poi: he ai kale. 

Kale (ka'-le), v. To be thin and 
watery, like very thin poi. Syn: 
Kakale and kalekale. 

Kalea (ka'-le'-a), n. 1. A choking. 
2. The whooping cough. 

Kalea (ka'-le'-a), v. 1. To choke 
from having the windpipe obstruct- 
ed, as when liquid goes the wrong 
way. 2. To be choked. 

Kalekale (ka'-le-ka'-le), adj. [Freq. of 
kale, thin and watery.] Thin; 
watery; soft; nearly fluid. 




Kalekale (ka'-le-ka'-le), n. A fine 
deep-sea food fish (Roosevelti 
brighami). It is often erroneously 
called akikiki. 

Kaiekedona (ka'-le-ke'-ko'-na), n. 
(Mod.) A chalcedony, the name 
of a precious stone. 

Kalele (ka'-le'-le), n. A stay; a rail- 
ing; anything used to comfort or 
to support. 

Kalele ka'-le'-le), v. 1. To lean 
upon, as upon a cane or staff. 
2. To press upon for support; to 
bear on. 

Kalele! (ka'-le-le'i), v. (Mod.) [Ka, 
the article, and lelei, common 
name of a beautiful bird.] To ap- 
pear beautiful, as a beautiful wo- 

Kalelel (ka'-le-le'i), v. To yield obe- 
dience to. 

Kaleleku (ka'-le'-le-ku'), v. To press 
down hard; to bear on heavily. 
See kalele. 

Kalelemuku (ka'-le'-le-mu'-ku), v. 
[Kalele, to lean or bear on, and 
muku, the off or starboard side of 
a canoe.] 1. To lean on the off 
or starboard side of a canoe. 2. 
To lead a free and easy life; to 
rid one's self of care. 

Kalelewa (ka'-le-le'-wa), adj. Flying; 
floating, as clouds: ao kalelewa. 
See kaalelewa. 

Kalelewa (ka'-le-le'-wa), v. 1. To 
float, as a vessel not at anchor; 
to stand off and on, as a vessel: 
aole nae i ku ka moku, kalelewa 
wale no, the vessel, however, did 
not anchor, it only lay off and on. 
See lewa and kaalelewa. 2. To 
swing backward and forward or 
from side to side. 

Kalena (ka'-le'-na), v. [Ka, to ra- 
diate or go out from the center, 
and lena, to tighten.] To stretch 
out for drying, as a hide; to 
spread out, as a cloth. 

Kaleokumuu (ka'-le'-o-ku'-mu'u), n. 
[Ka, the; le for lae, a point; o, of, 
and Kumuu, name of a traditional 
person said to be a noted robber 
and an expert in the lua or prac- 
tice of killing by breaking the 
bones of the victim.] The place, 
point or residence of Kumuu; a 
cone or bank on side of Waialeale, 

Kalepa (ka'-le'-pa), adj. Trading; 
peddling; he mau moku kalepa 
kekahi, some were trading ships. 

(It is the custom of Hawaiians 
when they have poi or other ar- 
ticles to sell, to hoist a small flag 
(lepa), hence to sell; to make mar- 
ket.) See lepa and lepalepa. 

Kalepa (ka'-le'-pa), n. One who 
brings things to market; in mod- 
ern times, a merchant. 

Kalepa (ka'-le'-pa), v. [Ka, to throw 
out and lepa, a flag or signal.] 1. 
To peddle; to sell from place to 
place. 2. (Mod.) To vend mer- 
chandise, as a shop-keeper. (Ka- 
lepa was formerly used on Hawaii; 
maauauwa, on Oahu; and piele on 
Kauai, for peddling.) See ma- 
auauwa and piele. 

Kalepalepa (ka'-le'-pa-le'-pa), v. To 
flap, as the sails of a ship; to flap 
in the wind, as a flag or ensign. 
See kilepalepa. 

Kalewa (ka'-le'-wa), adj. 1. Hang- 
ing; swinging, as a weight on a 
pole. 2. Flying, as clouds. 3. Ly- 
ing off and on, as a ship. 

Kalewa (ka'-le'-wa), n. 1. A swing; 
a contrivance for moving back and 
forward, like kowali. 2. A place 
near or in the luakini (temple) 
where the king and a few people 
were separated from the multitude. 

Kalewa (ka'-le'-wa), v. 1. To float; 
to be floating, as any substance in 
the air. Syn: Lewa. 2. To sail 
here and there on the water; to 
lie off and on, as a vessel. 3. To 
carry a weight suspended on a 
pole between two persons. 4. To 
be unsettled; to move often from 
place to place. Syn: Lewa. 

Kali (ka'-li), n. 1. A waiting, a hes- 
itation. 2. Slowness; hesitancy in 
speech. 3. A defect in speech; a 
defective utterance. 4. A loiterer. 
5. The edge, as of a garmnt, a 
leaf, etc. 6. The vagina. 

Kali (ka'-li), n. 1. A spine, spindle 
or slender rod used to thread 
things upon, as the kernels of the 
kukui nut were strung to make a 
torch or as flowers for a lei. 2. 
The string so made, as a whole: 
kali kukui, a string of kukui nuts 
or a kukui nut torch when lighted. 

Kali (ka'-li), v. 1. To wait; to 
tarry; to stay. 2. To sojourn with 
one temporarily. 3. To wait for 
something; to await; to lie in 
wait. 4. To hesitate in speaking: 
he kali ka olelo. 




Kallall (ka'-li-a'-li), n. The castor 
oil plant (Riclnus communis). Syn: 

Kaliawe (ka'-li-a'-we), n. Brass; 
copper, etc. See keleawe. 

Kalii (ka'-li'i), n. The ceremony 
observed when the high chief 
landed from a voyage with his 
people and his god. 

Kali kali (ka-li-ka-li), adv. Almost. 

Kali kali (ka'-H-ka'-li), n. A fine 
food fish (Rooseveltia brighami) 
of the* order Serranidae. 

Kalikali (ka'-li-ka'-li), v. [Freq. of 
kali, to wait.] 1. To be a little 
behind; not quite even with some- 
thing else. 2. To be not quite 
full; to lack something. 

Kalikea (ka'-li'-ke'-a), n. [Kali, edge, 
and kea, white.] A white border 
or fringe; white on the edge or 

Kalikukul (ka'-li-ka'-ku'-i), n. Sev- 
eral strings of the meat of the 
kukui nut made into a flambeau; 
he kalikukui i aulamaia; a torch 
made of kukui nuts. 

Kalilo (ka'-ll'-lo), n. A fatal disease 
or sickness, like mai make; a sick- 
ness so great that death only re- 
mains: he mai lilo wale aku no 

Kalilo (ka'-ll'-lo), v. To be dying 
a natural death. 

Kalilolilo (ka'-li'-16-lI'-lo), v. To be 
about to pass away, that is, to 
die. See kalilo and lilo. 

Kalina (ka'-li'-na), n. 1. Old potato 
vines that have finished bearing. 

2. Potatoes of the second growth, 

3. A potato field where the old 
refuse potatoes and vines only 
remain. 4. Any old withered vine. 

Kalipilau (ka'-li-pl-la'u), n. 1. A form 
of venereal disease. 2. A word 
used to reproach women. 

Kalo (ka'-lo), n. 1. The taro (Co- 
locasia antiquorum var. esculen- 
tum). The well-known vegetable 
of Hawaii. It is cultivated in arti- 
ficial water beds, and also on high 
mellow upland soil. It is made 
into food by baking and pounding 
into hard paste. After fermenting 
and slightly souring, it is diluted 
with water, the-n called poi, and 
eaten with the fingers. (The ori- 
gin of the taro plant is thus de- 
scribed in Hawaiian Mythology: 
Ulu mai la ua alualu la, a lilo i 

kalo, The fetus grew [when it was 
buried] and became a kalo). 

Kalo (ka-lo'), n. [Ka, article, the, 
and lo, a god that killed men.] 
One of the class of gods called 
akua oikanaka: Opua ame Kalo 
kekahi mau akua i makau ia; 
Pua and Lo are gods who are 

Kaloa (ka'-lo'-a), n. 1. Word ap- 
plied to certain days of the month 
sacred to Kaloa or Kanaloa, (There 
were three kaloa days in the na- 
tive calendar distinguished re- 
spectively as Kaloa Kukahi, Kaloa 
Kulua and Kaloapau.) 2. The 
twenty-third night after Hilo, the 
new moon; the twenty-fourth day 
of the month. 

Kaloakukahi (ka-lo'-a-ku-ka'-hi), n. 
One of the days of the month in 
the ancient Hawaiian calendar; 
the twe-nty-fourth day of the lunar 
month and one of the days of the 
Kanaloa tabu. 

Kaloakulua (ka'-lo'a-ku-lu'-a), n. The 
twenty-fourth night after Hilo, the 
twenty-fifth day of the month in 
the ancient Hawaiian calendar. 

Kaloapau (ka'-lo'a-pa'u), n. The 
twenty-fifth night after Hilo; the 
twenty-sixth day of the month in 
the ancient Hawaiian calendar. 

Kaloha (ka'-16-ha'), n. Same as ka- 

Kalo he (ka'-16'-he), n. A mischief 
maker: Nanaia ke kupu, ka eu, ke 
kalohe o kai, look out for -the law- 
less, the cheat, the mischief maker 
of the sea coast. — Laieik. p. 104. 

Kalohi (ka'-lo'-hi), n. 1. The muscles 
which supply strength or power. 
2. The sexual organ of males. 3. 
[From lohi, slow, lingering.] 
The lingering place. 4. The pali 
(cliff) of Kaholo on the west side 
of the island of Lanai. Named Ka- 
lohi by Kamehameha IV from his 
being becalmed there more than a 

Kalo kalo (ka'-lo-ka'-lo), v. 1. To 
pray to the gods; to supplicate 
favors. 2. To call upon God; to 
ask for assistance: aka e kalo- 
kalo aku kakou i ke Akua, a nana 
e lileiuli lelewae, but let us call 
upon God, and he will blot out and 
wash away (our sins) ; he hoi a 
kalo kalo aku i ka mea nani hi- 
wahiwa o ka lanikolu. 3. To be- 




seech; to implore; to entreat in a 
very humble manner. 

Kalole (ka'-lo'-le), adj. 1. Smooth; 
having luster, applies to hair. 2. 
Straight and smooth, as hair: he 
huluhulu kalole ko ka lio, he 
piipii inoino ko ke kamelo. 

Kalole (ka'-lo'-le), n. 1. Straight 
hair. 2. Straight smooth hair, like 
that of Chinese; e like me ko na 
Pake. 3. Beautiful black hair. 4. 
An officer or servant whose duty 
it was to lomilomi or massage a 
chief. The kalole was always a fe- 
male servant. (This service when 
performed for a woman devolved 
upon a man servant who was 
called omau.) 

Kalole (ka'-lo'-le), v. To change the 
tone of the voice; to change one's 
voice so as not to be known. 

Kalolo (ka'-16'-lo), n. A name given 
to the first liquor that runs off 
in distillation. (The last running 
is called kawaa. [See okolehao.] 

Kalu (kiV-lu'), n. [Ka, article, and 
lu, to scatter.] 1. That which is 
scattered abroad. The falling of 
ripe fruit. 2. The falling of dried 
leaves; falling leaves. 3. Ripe 
fruit fallen and lying around. 

Kalua (ka-lu'-a), adj. Double; two- 
stranded, as a rope; kalua ke 

Kalua (ka-lu'-a), n. 1. Same as lua, 
ka is the article. 2. Same as Kau- 
lua, name of a month. 

Kalua (ka'-lu'-a), v. [Ka, to appro- 
priate, and lua, pit.] 1. To bury; 
to hide under ground. 2. To bake, 
as animal or vegetable food. This 
was always done in an oven under 
ground. 3. To kill, dress and cook 
an animal for food, embracing the 
whole process. 4. To burn brick 
or lime. The latter was always 
burnt in a covered pit. 

Kalualua (ka'-lu'-a-lu'-a), adj. Rough, 
as a road; rough; uneven, as land. 

Kaluanuunohonionio (ka'-lu'-a-nu'u-no- 
ho-ni'o-ni'o), n. The god that sits 
over the main entrance of a lua- 
kini or place of worship. Also 
called Lananuu. The same god 
was supposed to keep watch over 
private dwellings. 

Kaluha (ka'-lii-ha'), n. A species of 
reed (Cyperus monocephala). 

Kaluhaluha (ka'-lu'-ha-lu'-ha), n. A 
general name for all kinds of 

grass and rushes which grow in 

Kaluhi (ka'-lu'-hi), v. 1. To be flex- 
ible; to be easily shaken, as the 
bough of a tree. 2. To be easily 
scattered, as ripe fruit or withered 

Kalukalu (k^'-lu-ka'-lu), n. 1. A 
vegetable like the kaluha, growing 
chiefly at Kapaa on Kauai. 2. A 
very thin gauze-like tapa; pale 
kalukalu. Translated in English 
muffler; kalukalu nui, a mantle, 

Kama (ka'-ma), adj. 1. Pertaining 
to adoption; made by adoption. 
The word requires the prefix hoo 
to give it the adjectival sense. See 

Kama (ka'-ma), n. 1. Name given 
by women to former husbands by 
whom they have borne children. 
2. Children generally; the second 
generation in a family. 3. Spe- 
cifically, children adopted into the 
family of another; kama ole, child- 
less. 4. A natural cavern, cleft or 
fissure in a rock: he keiki na ka 
pohaku; a native would call it the 
child of a rock. 

Kama (ka'-ma), v. 1. To bind or tie 
up, as a bundle: E kama iho oe 
a paa ke paiai, tie up and secure 
the bundle of food. See kama- 
kama. 2. To enclose in a wrapper 
or wrappers. 

Kamaa (ka'-ma'a), n. Sandals; a 
kind of shoe protecting the bottom 
of the foot. 2. Tapa or other 
material bound round the feet -and 
legs when traveling on places of 
scoria or other rough places. 3. 
[Mod.] Shoes; boots; slippers. 

Kamaa (ka'ma'a), v. Not used with- 
out hoo. See hookamaa. 

Kamaaha (ka'-ma-a'-ha), n. Cord 
made of coconut fiber. 

Kamaaha (ka'-m^-a'-ha), v. [Kama, 
to tie up, and aha, cord or mat 
made of coconut fiber.] To tie, 
or bind with coconut fiber. 

Kamaaina (ka'-ma-a'i-na), n. [Kama, 
child, and aina, land. Lit. A child 
of the land.] 1. A native born In 
any place and continuing to live 
in that place. 2. One belonging to 
a land and transferred with the 
land from one landholder to an- 
other. 3. The present residents in 
a place; a citizen; especially one 
of long standing. 




Kamaaloa (ka'-ma'a-lo'-a), n. [Ka- 
maa, sandals, and loa, long.] The 
runners on which a holua (sled) 

Kamaaloihi (ka'-ma'a-16-i'-hi), n. Mod. 
[Kamaa, sandals, and loihi, long. 
Lit. Long shoes.] Boots. 

Kamaehu (ka'-ma-e'-hu), n. 1. 
Strength; energy: ku kamaehu, to 
stand firmly. 2. Firmness of res- 
olution; fixedness of purpose. 

Kamaeu (ka'-ma-e'u), n. [Kama, 
child, and eu, mischievous.] 1. A 
mischievous child. 2. A vicious, 
lying, deceitful person. 

Kamahao (ka'-ma-ha'o), adj. [Kama 
and hao, to wonder.] Wonderful; 
astonishing; surprising; unheard 
of; incomprehensible: ke ku ana 
mai o keia mea kamahao, the 
standing of this wonderful thing; 
aina kamahao, wonderful land. 

Kamahoehope (ka-ma'-ho-e-h6'-pe), n. 
Same as mahoehope, one of the 
months in the ancient Hawaiian 

Kamahoemua (ka-ma'ho-e-mu'a), n. 
Same* as mahoemua, the name of 
a month. 

Kamahoi (ka'-ma-ho'i), adj. Very 
pleasing; splendid. 

Kamahoi (ka'-ma-ho'i), n. An ex- 
pression of admiration; wonder 
mingled with admiration. 

Kamai (ka'-ma'i), n. Place of pros- 
titution or assignation. 

Kamai (ka'-ma'i), v. To play the 
whoremonger for hire. 

Kamaikahulipu ( ka'-m3,-i'-ka'-hii'-li- 
pu'), n. A canoe god to whom 
prayer was made wheoi a single 
canoe was imperiled or capsized at 
sea. Also called Kama-i-kahuli- 

Kamaikahuliwaapu (ka'-ma-i'-ka'-hii'- 
li-wa'a-pu'), n. The deity who was 
appealed to when a double-canoe 
was upset. Also called Kama-i- 

Kamaiki (ka'-ma-i'-ki), n. 1. A des- 
ignation in general of any little 
child. 2. An expression of endear- 
ment applied to little children. 

Kamai I io (ka'-ma'-i-ll'-o), n. Conver- 
sation; consultation; familiar talk. 

Kamai I io (ka'-ma'-i-li-o), v. To con- 
verse; to exchange ideas collo- 
quially; to confer together; to 
consult; to talk with. 

Kamaiowa (ka-ma'i-o-wa), n. Disease 
of female genitals. 

Kamakahi (ka'-ma-ka'-hi), n. [Kama, 
child, and kahi, one.] An only 

Kamakaleioku (ka'-ma-ka-le'i-5'-ku'), 
n. Keawe's war-god. A god made 
of the tree called koalaukani, a 
species of koa. 
ka haku maka o Kalananuu, 
Kamakaleioku kalai aku Hooneenuu, 
Ke ana a Kalaukani, 

Kani kuhele ka ua i kaupaku o ka hale 
o moe-a. 

Kamakama* (ka'-ma-ka'-ma), n. A 
partitive of the noun hookama- 
kama. See the noun hookama- 

Kamakama (ka'-ma-ka'-ma), v. 1. 
[Freq. of kama, to bind or tie.] 
To bind; to tie; to make fast; 
to bind up, as a bundle; to bind 
on. 2. A partitive of the verb 
hookamakama, to prostitute. The 
word requires the prefix hoo to 
make sense. See hookamakama. 

Kamakamaiiio (ka'-ma-ka'-ma'-I-li-o), 
n. Familiar conversation. 

Kamakamaiiio (ka'-ma-ka'-ma'-i-li-o), 
V. To converse; to talk together 
familiarly; otherwise synonymous 
with kamailio. 

Kamakamaka (ka'-ma'-ka-ma'-ka), n. 
1. A cry for help; a prayer to the 
gods for assistance. 2. Material 
used to spread over the hot stones 
of an imu or oven to protect the 
food from burning. (The modern 
word is pale.) 

Kamakane (ka'-ma-ka'-ne), n. Name 
applied in common to all male 

Kamakau (ka'-ma-kau), n. [Ka, to 
block out, to pound, and makau, 
fish-hook.] The art of making the 
bones of men or animals into 
fish-hooks; o ke kanaka akamai 1 
ke kamakau, he kanaka waiwai ia. 

Kamakau (ka'-ma-kau), v. To form 
a fish-hook. 

Kamakena (ka-ma-ke'-na), n. Same 
as make-na, wailing. Ka is the 

Kamakii (ka'-ma-ki'i), adj. Lazy; 
shirking; indolent. 

Kamakii (ka'-ma-ki'i), v. To be 
idle; to be wandering about do- 
ing nothing. 

Kamakiilohelohe (ka'-ma-ki'i-lo'-he-lo'- 
he), n. [Kama, for Kamapuaa; 
kli, get; lohelohe, a small beetle- 
like insect found in still water.] 
1. A tabu or consecration of the 
lohelohe for sacred use. 2. The 




tabu placed upon one who seeks 
the lohelohe on the order of a 
priest. 3. A tabu worship for the 

Kama kin I (ka'-ma-ki'-ni), n. A tabu 
ordered upon anything or any per- 

Kamakonakahikulani (ka-ma'-ko-na'- 
ka'-hi-ku'-la'-ni), n. [Ka, the, ma- 
kona, relentless; kahiku, haughty, 
and Ian I, toward the sky.] A word 
or pTirase that Implies a very con- 
temptuous opinion of others. 

Kamakuu (ka'-ma'-ku'u), n. (See ma- 
kuu, ka is the article.) 1. A knob 
or ball of hair fastened with a 
knot on top of the head. 2. (Mod.) 
The pommel of a saddle. 

Kamala (ka'-ma'-la), adj. Tempor- 
ary, as the covering of a house 
or shelter: Hale kamala. 

Kamala (ka'-ma'-la), n. 1. A booth. 
2. A temporary house. 3. A stall 
for cattle. 

Kamala (ka'-ma'-la), v. 1. To make 
a small shanty or hut for tempor- 
ary use. 2. To thatch with the 
leaves of the uhi for a temporary 

KamalanI (ka'-ma-la'-ni), n. [Kama, 
child, and lani, chief.] The child 
of a chief, a favorite or petted 
child. See punahele. 

KamalanI (ka'-ma-la'-ni), v. To be 
treated as a favorite. (Hooka- 
malani is the transitive form.) 

Kamale'na (ka'-ma-le-na), p. The 
pau (garment formerly worn by 
Hawaiian women) or other tapa 
dyed with the root of the olena or 

Kamalli (ka'-ma-li'i), n. [Kama, 
child, and Hi, little.] 1. Children, 
either boys or girls; the young 
people of a family. 2. A word of 
endearment, used both in the sin- 
gular and plural. 

Kamalole (ka'-ma-lo'-le), v. 1. To 
reject; to forsake one thing and 
seek another, as food, tapa, women, 
etc. 2. To repudiate; to refuse: 
Kamalole no hoi o a i ka makou 
ai, A refuses our food. 

Kamalu (ka'-ma-luO, v. [Ka, to 
strike, and malu, secretly.] 1. To 
do secretly; to steal: ua kama- 
luia kuu puaa e mea; my hog has 
been stolen by somebody. 2. To 
prohibit; to forbid: ua kamalu mai 
o mea ia makou, aole make hana; 

Somebody secretly forbade us to 

Kamamake (kS'-ma'-ma'-ke), n. Same 
as mamake. (Ka is the article.) 

Kamana (ka'-ma-na'), n. (Eng. Mod.) 
Syn: Kamena. A carpenter. 

Kamani (ka'-ma'-ni), adj. Smooth; 
not rough; resembling polished ka- 
mani wood; beautiful; shiny. 

Kamani (ka'-m^'-ni), n. A littoral 
tree (Calophyllum inophyllum) gen- 
erally planted near habitations and 
large grove of kamani which for- 
nishes an excellent cabinet wood. 
The name occurs in old chants. A 
large grove of kamani which for- 
merly existed in the valley of Ha- 
lawa, Molokai, has been referred 
to by early navigators. 

Kamani (ka-ma'-ni), v. Not used 
without hoo. See hookamani. 

Kamaniha (ka'-ma-ni'-ha), adj. Rude; 
unsocial; sullen; cross and silent. 
(For the verbal form, see hooka- 

Kamaniula (ka'-ma'-ni-u'-la), n. A 
variety of the kamani, a tree much 
planted for the shade afforded by 
its spreading branches and large 

Kama no (ka'-ma'-no), n. [Eng.] The 
salmon fish. 

Kamanomano (ka'-ma'-no-ma'-no), n. 
A shrub one to two feet high ((^en- 
chrus calyculatus) which grows 
chiefly on old lava fields. The 
leaves and stem of the plant were 
used for medicine. 

Kamapuaa (ka'-ma-pii-a'a), n. [Kama, 
child, and puaa, pig.] A fabled 
kupua or wizard, half man, half 
hog. He was the son of Hina and 
Kahikiula and a grandson of Ka- 
maunuaniho, who robbed Olopana's 
bird preserve, and whose haunt 
was the Kaliuwaa Falls. He was 
worshiped as a god. 

Kamapuka (ka'-m3.-pu'-ka), n. 1. A 
persistent beggar. See auhaupuka. 
2. One who seeks favors in a 
roundabout way. 

Kamapuka (ka'-ma-pu'-ka), v. 1. To 
beg; to ask favors; to ge^ from 
another through ardent entreaty. 
2. To glory over; to boast; to ob- 
tain and show. See Auhaupuka. 

Kamau (ka'-ma'u), adj. Fast adher- 
ing; constant, as a friend or be- 
loved relative. 

Kamau (ka'-mS'u), n. 1. Endurance; 
perseverance, especially in uncer- 




tainty. 2. The small and worth- 
less tubers of the taro that remain 
in the hill after the harvest. See 
palili, 3. A remote family relation- 
ship. 4. A friend on account of 
relationship, that is, a friend as 
well as a relative. 

Kamau (ka'-ma'u), v. 1. To stop in 
any action; to wait or delay for 
a time. 2. To hold on or continue 
in spite of. 3. To fix or fasten 
temporarily. 4. To play down, as 
a trump card. 

Kamauea (ka'-ma'u-e'-a), n. A flick- 
ering of the breath. 

Kamauea (ka'-ma'u-e'-a), v. [Kamau, 
to wait, and ea, breath.] To be 
holding on for the present; to be 
barely alive. 

Kamawahine (ka'-ma-wa'-hi-ne), n. 
[Kama, child, and wahine, female.] 
1. A female child. 2. Women, in 

Kamehal (ka'-me-ha'i), adj. 1. Un- 
usual; beyond the common order 
of things; astonishing. 2. Illegiti- 
mate, in the sense of being unlaw- 
fully begotten. 

Kameleona (ka'-me'-le-o'-na), n. 
[Eng.] 1. The chameleon. 2. The 

Kamelo (ka'-me'-lo), n. [Eng.] A 

Kamelopadi (ka'-me'-lo-pa'-di), n. 
[Eng.] A camelopard, the giraffe. 

Kamena (ka'-me-na'), n. [Eng.] A 

Kamiki (ka-ml'-ki), n. The god of 
medicine men and of thieves; also 
called Opelunuikauhaalilo. 

Kamokumoku (ka'-mo'-ku-mo'-ku), v. 
[Ka, to go out, and mokumoku, 
broken.] To move, as the* bowels 
in a diarrhea, at intervals. 

Kamola (ka'-mo'-la), v. 1. To weave 
or entwine together loosely. 2. 
To be- slackly twisted, as a string; 
to be tied in a loose manner. 

Kamumumu (ka'-mu'-mu'-mu), n. 
(Plural form of kamumu.) Low, 
indistinct noises, as of something 
far away: kamumumu o na kaa, 
rumbling of wagons; kamumumu o 
ka ua; sounds of great rain at a 
distance; kamumumu o na wawae, 
sound of many footsteps. 

Kana (ka'-na), adj. Employed only 
in idiomatic turn of speech; it con- 
veys the sense of surprise or dis- 
approval, as: aole no i kana mai 

kau hana; your action is a matter 
of astonishment. 

Kana (ka'-na), n. The outside of 
the neck. 

Kana (ka'-na), n. A mythical man 
who formerly resided at Hilo; said 
to have been four hundred fathoms 
high; he stepped over the hill of 
Haupu on Molokai and slipped 
down; he also fought with Keo- 

Kana (ka'-na), pron. [Ka, prep, hav- 
ing the sense of belonging to, and 
na, prep, for, used to emphasize 
the force of ka.] His or hers; 
belonging to him or to her. 

Kana (ka'-na), v. Word used only 
in phrase forms peculiar to the 
Hawaiian; it implie-s intense feel- 
ing, pleasurable or unpleasant, and 
is used only in idiomatic diction, 
as nana aku oe i ka hale o mea, 
aole o kana mai, ka nani, behold 
how beautiful is the house of. 

Kanae (ka'-na'e), n. 1. A pleasing 
effluence; a bringing out of fra- 
grant odors. 2. Fragrance. 
Ke kolollo a ke kehau o ia uka, 
E lawe mai ana i ka nae aala o ke kiele. 
The whiff of the morning air of that 

Bringing out sweet odors of the kiele (a 

Kanaenae (ka'-na'e-na'e), adj. Propi- 
tiating; appeasing: eia ka mohai 
kanaenae ia oe e ke akua; here 
is a peace-offering to thee, O god. 
He hale kanaenae no ka lani e ola, 
a house offered to the god in sac- 
rifice that the chief may live. 

Kanaenae (ka'-na'e-na'e), n. 1. A 
sacrifice; an offering to the gods; 
a propitiatory sacrifice. (Laieik. 
p. 27.) 2. A conciliatory act or 
gift. He kanaenae hoomalielie 
keia ia oe, e Pele, this is a con- 
ciliatory cry to you, O Pele. 

Kanaenae (ka'-na'e-na'e), v. 1. To 
pray to the gods; to offer sacri- 
fice to the gods; e kanaenae i ke 
akua. 2. To appease; to quiet. 

Kanaha (ka'-na-ha'), num. adj. Forty 
in number; used for forty in 
counting ropes, cord, bundles of 
food and property generally, but 
in counting tapas iako is used. 

Kanaha (ka'-na-ha'), v. To be forty 
in number. 

Kanahae (ka'-na-ha'e), v. Same as 

Kanahai (ka'-na-ha'i), v. To de- 
crease; to diminish; to cease; to 




leave off; ua kanahai ka wela o 
ke kuni, the heat of the burning 
has ceased; kanahai ka ue, the 
wailing has ceased; kanahai anei 
ka inu rama? Aole. 

Kanaho (ka'-na'-ho), n. 1. A refuge; 
a place of protection. 2. One who 
has escaped from danger, and who 
is resting. 3. An almost breath- 
less arrival. 

Kanaho (ka'-na'-ho), v. [Contraction 
of kanaaho.] 1. To rest after vio- 
lent exertion. 2. To be safe after 
escaping from harm; to rest under 
protection after having escaped in- 

Kanahua (ka'-nS,-hu'-a), adj. Crooked; 
stoop-shouldered. (For the verb 
see hookanahua.) 

Kanai (ka'-na'i), n. Name applied 
to certain places in the sea where 
the water lies smooth and calm: 
O kahi o ke kai e moe ana me 
he alanui la, he kanai ia, that por- 
tion of the sea that lies like a 
long mark is a kanai. 

Kanaka (ka'-na'-ka), adj. Manly; 
strong; stable; ame ko lakou ano 
kanaka no ke Akua, and with their 
manly character, etc. 

Kanaka (ka'-na'-ka), n. 1. A man; 
one of the genus homo. 2. The 
general name of men, women and 
children of all classes, in distinc- 
tion from the alii or chiefs. 2. 
The after end of the outrigger 
of a canoe. 

Kanaka (ka'-na-ka), n. [Plural form 
of kanaka.] People in general; 
the mass of persons that make up 
a community. 

Kanaka (ka'-na'-ka), v. Not used 
without hoo. See hookanaka. 

Kanakamakua (ka'-na'-ka-ma'-ku'-a), 
n. [Kanaka and makua, parent.] 

1. The state of mature age, 
whether one has children or not; 
one mature of person, full grown. 

2. A man of bodily strength. 3. 
An eminent man. 4. A master of 
a household; a provider: O ka 
hana ia a ke kanakamakua; that 
is the work of a master. 

Kanakano (ka'-na'-ka-no'), interj. 
[Kanaka, manly, and no, emphatic, 
indeed! really!] A phrase ex- 
pressing applause or approbation, 
well done! noble! fine! manly! 

Kanakolu (ka'-na-ko'-lu), num. adj. 
Three tens; the number thirty. 

Kanaleo (ka'-na-le'o), v. To be de- 
ceptive; to be disposed to deceive 
or mislead. (Hookanaleo is the 
transitive form.) 

Kanaloa (ka'-na-lo'-a), n. 1. A deity, 
brother of Kane. See kukanaloa. 

2. A species of fish. Same as 
pakaiele. 3. Security; firmness; 
the state of being immovable. 

Kanaloa (ka'-na-16'-a), v. To be es- 
tablished; to be unconquerable. 
Kanaloakukahl (ka'-na-lo'-a-ku-ka'-hi), 
n. Same as kaloakukahi, one of 
the days of the month. 
Kanalu (ka'-na'-lu), n. The priests 
of Ku who served at the luakini 
(temple) : ua kapaia na kahuna o 
ia aoao na kahuna o Kanalu, no 
ka mea o Kanalu ke kahuna^mua; 
the priests of that order were 
called Kanalu because Kanalu .was 
the first kahuna or priest. 
Kanai ua (ka'-na-lu'-a), adj. Waver- 

I ing; fickleminded ; fearful of a 

\ result. 

I Kanalua (ka'-na-lu'-a), num. adj. 

j [Kana, tenfold, and lua, two.] Two 

I tens; twenty; elua umi, umi lua. 

I Kanalua (ka'-na-lii'-a), n. Doubt; un- 
certainty as to what to think or 
how to act. 
Kanalua (ka'-na-lu'a), v. To be in 
doubt; to hesitate between two 
things; to be in doubt how to act 
in a certain case or how to ac- 
count for an event. 
Kanana (ka'-na'-na), n. 1. A sieve 
or strainer. 2. (Mod.) Writing 
paper: Ua makaukau ka hulu, ka 
Inika a me ke kanana, the quill, 
ink and writing paper are ready. 
Kanana (ka'-na'-na), v. 1. To sift, 
as flour; to winnow, as grain. 2. 
To strain; to pour through a 
strainer, etc., with a view to sep- 
arating the good from the poor. 

3. To sift, that is, to try one's 
moral character. 

Kananana (ka'-na'-na'-na), v. To sep- 
arate what is evil from the good. 
See kanana. 

Kananuha (ka'-na-nu'-ha), adj. 1. 
Dull; stupid; slow or dull at an- 
swering. 2. Stubborn; obstinate; 

Kananuha (k^'-na-nu'-ha), v. 1. To 
be dull. 2. To be sullen, stub- 
born, gruff, gloomy, ill-tempered. 

Kanapl (ka'-na-pi'), n. (Mod.) A 




Kanapl (ka'-na-pi'), v. 1. To emit a 
sharp sudden cracking sound; to 
snap. 2. To fail to discharge 
when desired, as a gun. 

Kanapuu (ka'-na-pu'u), v. To be 
bent upwards: Ua kanapuu ke 
oa; the rafter is bent upward. 
See anapuu. 

Kanawal (ka'-na-wa'i), n. [Ka, prep- 
osition, of, belonging, relating to; 
na, sign of the plural, and wai, 
water.] 1. Lit. What belongs to 
the waters, that is, rights of water 
courses contained almost every- 
thing the ancient Hawaiians for- 
merly had in common in the shape 
of laws; hence the name kanawai 
has in more modern times been 
given to laws in general. 2. A 
law; an edict; a command of a 
chief. 3, More modern meaning, 
a^ legislative enactment. 

Kanawai (ka'-na'-wa'i), v. 1. To put 
under the law; to forbid a thing 
to be done: aole nae makou i 
kanawai i ka puhi baka no ka ili- 
hune: we did not, however, forbid 
(put under the law) the smoking 
of tobacco. 2. To put one's self 
under a law; that is, to obey a 

Kanawai I ua (ka'-na'-w^'i-lu'-a), n. 1. 
[Kanawai, law, and lua, double.] 
The Book of Deuteronomy, that is, 
a repetition of the laws of Moses. 

2. Rule or laws of the lua, an 
ancient Hawaiian art of self-de- 

Kanawao (ka'-na-wa'-o), n. 1. A 
hard striped pebble found in 
brooks and used in slinging. Used 
also as a sinker in fishing with 
hook and line. 2. Small insect 
that feeds on the leaf of the kalo 
(taro plant). 

Kanawi (ka'-na-wi'), v. To be poor; 
to be thin in flesh. 

Kane (ka'-ne), n. 1. The male of 
the animal species; opposite to 
wahine, female. 2. A husband. 

3. An eruption or formation of 
whitish flakes on the skin. 4. One 
of the more distinguished heathen 
gods of the ancient Hawaiians, 
also called Kane-i-ka-wai-ola, Kane 
of the Living Water. 5. A certain 
day in each month set apart for 
the worship of the god, Kane. 

Kane (ka'-ne), v. To be or act the 
part of a husband: I kane oe na 
Lahopa; be a husband to Lahopa. 

Kanea (ka'-ne'-a), adj. Nauseous. 

Kanea (ka'-ne'-a), n. The loss of 
appetite; slight sickness; weak- 
ness; listlessness. 

Kanea (ka'-ne'-a), v. 1. To have no 
appetite for food; to feel sick; to 
loathe food. 2. To be slow and 
listless about work. 

Kaneapua (ka'-ne-a'-pu'-a), n. A 
younger brother of Kane and Ka- 
naloa. They were all left on La- 

Kanegaru (pronounced ka'-ne-ka-lu'), 
n. (Mod.) A kangaroo. 

Kanehai (ka'-ne-ha'i), v. To de- 
crease; to make smaller; to sub- 
side, as wind, storm, or rain. 

Kaneiahuea (ka'-ne'-i-a'-hu-e'-a), n. 1. 
Name of a celebrated steersman of 
the canoe by night. 2. One skill- 
ful in managing a canoe by night 
or by day. 

Kaneikapualena (ka'-ne-i-ka-pu'-a-le'- 
na), n. [Kane, a god; I, in; ka, 
the; pualena, daybreak. Lit. Kane- 
in-the-early-morning.] Kawelo's war 

Kanekl (ka'-ne'-ki), v. 1. To be full 
to overflowing, as a stream in a 
freshet, or as one's temper in the 
heat of passion. 2. To be near 
trouble; to be nearly overflowing, 
as a river: ua hele ka wai a ka- 
nekl wale i ka pua o ke uki, the 
water nearly overflows the top of 
the uki (a plant). 

Kanekupua (ka'-ne-ku-pu'-a), n. A 
mock fight on the arrival of a 
high chief: Ua kapaia keia kaua 
ihe ana he kanekupua, thus fight- 
ing with spears was called a kane- 

Kanemake (ka'-ne-ma'-ke), adj. 
[Kane, husband, and make, dead.] 

Kanemakua (ka'-ne-ma'-ku'-a), n. 1. 
Elder brother of a woman's hus- 
band. 2. A surety for a brother's 
wife. The older brother of a mar- 
ried man sustained the relation of 
ka'nemakua to his younger broth- 
er's wife. 3. Specific name of the 
malolo fisher's god; a deity who 
was supposed to assist the fisher- 
men in driving the malolo into 
the nets. 

Kanemare (ka'-ne-ma'-re), n. Mod. 
1. A married man. 2. A bridegroom. 

Kanenuiakea (ka'-ne-nu'-i-a-ke'-a), n. 
[Kane, a god, nui, great, and akea, 
extensive. Lit. Great comprehen- 




sive Kane.] The principal of a 
class of gods who exercised the 
chief direction and oversight over 
the athletic sports of the people. 
The class was said to have num- 
bered fifteen of which Kanenuia- 
kea was the head. The individ- 
uals in the class are as follows: 
Kanekii, Kanehakia, Kanelele, 
Kaneikamakaukau, Kanekohola, 
Kaneikaalei, Kaneikokea, Kane- 
paina, Kanepohakaa, Kanemakua, 
Kaneholopali, Kaneikapualena, Ka- 
neikapuahakea, Kaneikawaiola. 

Kanepaina (ka'-ne-pa'-i'na), n. A god 
in the class of Kanenuiakea, rep- 
resented by an insect resembling 
a grasshopper. 

Kanepolu (ka'-ne-po'-lu), n. 1. A 
chief on the Island of Oahu, who 
was killed by falling from a ledge 
one or two feet high: Make o Ka- 
nepolu i ka pali uuku, Kanepolu 
was killed by a small ledge of rock. 
2. Name of a ledge or projecting 
ridge in Kailua, Oahu. 

Kanepuaa (ka'-ne-pu'-a'a), n. 1. The 
god of husbandry; ke nuhu nei, 
alia i oki ka aina a ka hewahewa 
a heu. (Kanepuaa was represented 
in dark clouds, E, Kanepuaa, e; 
e kela ao eleele e, e malu ke kiha- 
pai a kaua, Oh, Kanepuaa, oh yon- 
der dark cloud, protect our kihapai 
or field.) 2. Name also used for 
Kamapuaa. 3. Prayer of the hus- 

Kani (ka'-ni), adj. Sounding; sing- 
ing; squeaking; making a noise. 

Kani (ka'-ni), n. A singing; a ring- 
ing sound; a report, as of a gun; 
the sound of a trumpet, or of mu- 
sical instruments. 

Kani (ka'-ni), v. To be conveyed 
in sound. (For the transitive form, 
see hookani.) 

Kaniaau (ka'-ni-a'-a'u), n. Mourning 
for the loss of a wife or husband; 
deep seated grief; solemn mourn- 

Kaniaau (ka'-ni-a-a'u), v. 1. To 
mourn; to grieve for the loss of 
husband or wife. 2. To wander 
about in sorrow; to go from place 
to place in despondency. 3. To 
be greatly afflicted, so that the 
sight of objects bringing the de- 
ceased to mind would be distress- 

Kaniahiaa (ka'-ni-a'-hi'-a-a'), v. 1. To 
weep immoderately and lament 
for one absent, as a man for a 
beloved wife. 2. To mourn so ex- 
cessively that sleeplessness en- 

Kaniai (ka,'-ni-a'-i'), n. [Kani and 
a-i, neck.] 1. The throat. 2. The 
larynx; the Adam's apple. 3. The 
trachea or windpipe. 

Kaniaukani (ka'-ni'-au-ka'-ni), n. 1. 
The name of Kamehameha's re- 
turn from Oahu to Hawaii; ua 
kapa kela hoi ana o kaniaukani. 
2. The jewsharp. 

Kanihia (ka'-ni'-hl-a), adj. Love-sick; 
suffering from love: E noho ka- 
nihia aloha ae ana au ia oe, I lan- 
guish with love for you. 

Kaniie (ka'-ni-i'e), n. 1. Sound of 
the ie stick used in beating tapa. 
2. A hard metallic sound. 

Kanikani (ka'-ni-ka'-ni), adj. Sound- 
ing; giving or causing a sound. 

Kanikani (ka'-ni-ka'-ni), n. The 
sound of any tinkling instrument. 

Kanikani (ka'-ni-ka'-ni), v. [Freq. of 
kani, to make a sound.] 1. To 
tinkle, as a small bell. 2. To 
sound, as any sharp noise. 3. To 
cry out with a shout: kanikani 
pihe aku la ka aha, "ka wahine 
maikai, e!" the woman is beau- 
tiful!— Laieik. p. 165. 

Kanikau (ka'-ni-ka'u), adj. Mourn- 
ing: hale kanikau, house of mourn- 

Kanikau (ka'-ni-ka'u), n. A dirge; 
mourning; lamentation. 

Kanikau (ka'-ni-ka'u), v. [Kani, to 
sound, and kau, a song.] 1. To 
mourn for the loss of friends. To 
lament; to bewail; as for the dead. 
2. To compose a dirge, or to sing 
one extemporaneously. To com- 
pose an elegy. See kumakena. 

Kanikoha (ka'-ni-ko-ha), v. [Kani, 
to sing, and koha, to crack.] 1. To 
cackle like the ao, a bird of the 
mountains. 2. To sound suddenly 
and loud, like the crack of a rifle. 

Kainikoko (ka'-nf-ko'-ko'), n. 1. One 
so old that carrying him in the 
koko or net is the only mode of 
conveyance. 2. The caring for an 
old person, as choice articles are 
protected from harm in the koko. 

Ka'nikoo (ka'-ni-ko'o), n. A man, so 
old that he cannot walk without a 




Kanilehua (ka'-ni-le'-hu'a), n. [Kani, 
to drink, and lehua, flower of the 
lehua tree.] A mist-like rain pe- 
culiar to the lehua forests — the 
mist that drinks of the lehua 

Kanimoopuna (ka'-ni-mo'o-pu'-na), 
adj. Pertaining to grandparents. 

Kanimoopuna (ka'-ni-mo'o-pu'-na), v. 
[Kani, to have, and moopu'na, 
grandchild.] To have a grand- 
child or grandchildren. 

Kanini (ka-ni'-ni), v. Same as ko- 

Kanlpuka (ka'-ni-pu'-ka), n. General 
name for a door, gate, entrance, 
etc. Syn: Ipuka. 

Kanlu (ka'-ni-u'), n. 1. Smart blow; 
a hard knock. 2. The effect of a 
hard stroke; the hurt that follows 
a forcible stroke with the hand, 
fist, stick, etc. 

Kaniu (ka'-ni-u'), v. To strike a 
sharp ringing blow with hand or 
fist: E noho malie oe o Kaniuia 
aku auanei e au ko poo; Keep still 
or I'll box your ears (slap your 

Kaniuhu (k5,'-ni-u'-hu'), adj. Sigh- 
ing; sorrowing on account of op- 
pression or wrong; distressed; 

Kaniuhu (k§,'-ni-u'-hu'), n. [Kani, 
sound, and uhu, a cry of 
grief.] Sorrow; sighing; com- 
plaint; groaning; trouble; sorrow; 
groaning from oppression: Noho 
no lakou me ke kaniuhu ole iloko 
o lakou iho, they live without com- 
plaint within themselves. 

Kaniuhu (ka'-ni-u'-hu'), v. [Kani, to 
sound, and uhu, complaint.] 1. To 
complain of pain of body; to groan 
with pain or grief. 2. To coo or 
mourn like a dove. 3. To mourn, 
as in affliction. 4. To sigh on ac- 
count of oppression. 5. To be sad; 
to be' sorrowful. 

Kaniull (ka'-ni-u'-li), v. To put out 
the lips as signifying disapproval, 
dissent or persistence. 

Kanluu (ka'-ni-u'u), n. A sound the 
source of which is unknown, as a 
sudden falling of anything. 

Kanluu (ka'-ni-u'u), v. To have a 
sharp, quick sound. 

Kaniwahie (ka'-ni-wa'-hi'-e), adj. 
[Kani, hard or ringing sound, and 
wahie, wood used for fuel.] Hard; 

not easily shaped; difficult to 
treat, as a piece of hard wood. 

Kaniwawae (ka'-ni-wa'-wa'e), adj. 
[Kani, sounding, and wawae, foot.] 
Of or belonging to a foot soldier: 
na kanaka kaniwawae, foot sol- 
diers or footmen. 

Kaniwawae (ka'-ni-wa'-wa'e), n. 1. 
A footman. 2. A foot soldier; in- 

Kano (ka'-no), A stiffening; a 
state of erection. 

Kano (ka'-no), n. 1. The two bones 
of the lower arm or the two bones 
of the lower leg. 2. A cubit in 
measure. 3. The body of a tree 
in distinction from its branches. 
4. That part of a tool which is held 
in the hand when used. 

Kano (ka'-no), v. Same as uma, an 
ancient Hawaiian sport. 1. To 
wrestle or throw down, using the 
forearm (kano). 2. To measure 
strength with another by locking 
arms or legs in attempt to throw 
the other. 

Kano (ka'-no), v. To stiffen up; to 
make stiff; to cause to stand 
erect; to cause erection. 

Kanoa (ka'-no'-a), adj. Circular, ap- 
plied to a dish containing awa, 
and to a taro patch: E poepoe 
kanoa, e kae kanoa, round, as a 
kanoa, edged like a kanoa. 

Kanoa (ka'-no'-a), n. 1. A round spot 
of land lower than the surround- 
ing land. See ponaha. 2. A cir- 
cular cup-like vessel used for fil- 
tering liquid awa. 

Kanoenoe (ka'-no'-e-no'-e), v. [Noe, 
the northeast trade wind.] 1. To 
blow strongly; applied to the trade 
winds: ke kanoenoe mai nei no ka 
makani. 2. To be unsteady, as ap- 
plie-d to the wind. 3. To be partly 

Kanokano (ka'-no-ka'-no), adj. Stiff; 
not flexible. 

Kanokano (ka'-no-ka'-no), v. To be 
set up. 

Kanono (ka'-no'-no), n. A snapping 
sound like the crack of a pistol; 
a reverberating, roaring noise. 

Kanono (ka'-no'-no), v. To ring, as 
a bell; to sound; to make a noise 
by striking aganst a sonorous 
body, as a clock hammer. 

Kanowa (ka'-no'-wa), n. Same as 
kanoa, a cup. 

Kanu (ka'-nu), adj. Relating to 
plants or seeds: mea kanu, seed 




or a vegetable for planting; laau 
kanu, a tree for planting. 

Kanu (ka'-nu), n. A burial; a plant- 
ing; concealing in the earth. 

Kanu (ka'-nu), v. 1. To bury, as aj 
corpse; to cover with earth. 2. 
To plant, as seed. 3. To trans- 
plant. 4, To hide in the earth. 5. i 
To set firmly in the earth. I 

Kanu (ka'-nu'), v. To be sullen; to: 
be* stubborn. ' 

Kanueeina (ka'-nG-e'-e'-i'-na), v. 1. 
To fix and smooth down, as the 
wet ruffled feathers of a fowl. 2. 
To make straight; to make smooth. ; 

Kanulu (ka'-nu'-lu), adj. Low, deep, 
heavy, as applied to sounds. 

Kanulu (ka'-nu'-lu), n. 1. An excel- 
ling; an increasing; said of sound. 
2. Vibratory sound, as of distant 

Kanulu (kS-'-nu'-lu), v. To have a 
heavy deep sound, as the voice of 
a person with a cold. 

Kanunu (ka-nu'-nu), adj. Large; 
very fat; he hee kanunu kau. 

Kanunu (ka-nu'-nu), n. Einlargement 
physically, said of increasing size; 
fullness: Kanunu hoi kela keiki; 
how fleshy is that child. 

Kanupapahuwili (ka'-nu-pa-pa'-hu-wi'- 
li), n. A setting firmly in the 
ground by a process of tamping. 

Kanupapahuwili (ka'-nu-pa-pa'-hii-wi'- 
li), V. [Kanu, to set in the earth, 
papahu, to tamp, and will for ka- 
wili, to mix.] To set solid in the 
ground by mixing earth with 
water and driving the mixture 
down with frequent strokes, said 
of setting posts. 

Kao (ka'-6), interj. [The article ka 
and o.] A word or phrase express- 
ing surprise or wonder. 

Kao (ka'o), n. 1. A peacemaker; an 
intercessor. 2. A goat; kao hele, 
scapegoat. So translated in the 
Scriptures. 3. A light spear. 

Kao (ka'o), n. Same as kaao, a 

Kao (ka'o), v. To intercede; to 
mediate; to separate contending 
partie-s; to prevent one from ac- 
cusing or slandering another: ua 
kao mai oe ia'u. 

Kao (ka'-o), v. 1. To call aloud in 
a sense of warning; to cry out 
as in cautioning against anything 
that may cause harm. 2. To plead; 
to call by way of entreaty. Syn: | 

Uwalo. 3. To throw or cast a 
dart or javelin. 

Kaohl (ka'-o'-hi), v. To keep in pos- 
session; to continue to hold; to 
restrain from departure: kaohl na 
lii iaia e noho, aole oia i ae mai; 
the chiefs urged him to stay, but 
he did not consent. 

Kaohlhiu (ka'-o-hl'-hi'-u), n. [Kao, 
goat, and hlhlu, wild.] The ga- 
zelle or wild goat. 

Kaokaa (ka'-o-ka'a), n. Ancient 
game in which a small gourd is 
spun as boys spin a top. 

Kaokanaka (ka'o-ka'-na'-ka), n. Des- 
ignation of satyr as found in a 
translation of the Scriptures. 

Kao kao (ka'o-ka'o), n. A form of 
venereal disease. 

Kaokao (ka'o-ka'o), n. 1. A rain 
cloud on the point of precipitation. 
2. First drops of a shower. 

Kaokao (ka'o-ka'o), v. 1. To be 
prominent; to project above the 
skin. 2. To be rel and hard. 

Kaokeiki (ka'o-ke'-i-ki), n. Young 
goat. Syn: Keikikao. 

Kaokoa (ka'-6-k5'-a), adj. Whole; 
unmutilated: he ia kaokoa, okioki 
ole, mai ke poo a ka hiu, a fish 
whole, uncut from head to tail. 

Kaokoa (ka'-6-ko'-a), n. The being 
independent; a standing aloof; a 
separation from. (The word is ap- 
plied to those who deny allegiance 
or obligation to any one.) 

Kaokoa (ka'-6-ko'-a), v. [Ka and 
okoa, different.] 1. To be whole; 
to be undivided. 2. To stand aloof 
from; to be indepeiident of. 

Kaola (ka'-6'-la), n. 1. A stick or 
beam laid across a house from 
foot of rafter to rafter to strength- 
en it; a beam; the beam of a 
house. 2. Mod. Any strong piece 
of lumber or metal used as a bar, 
beam or rail, as in fences, gates, 
etc. Used in the Scriptures to de- 
scribe the confines of darkness, 
as: na kaola o ka po, the bars of 

Kaolahao (ka'-o'-la-ha'o), n. [Kaola 
and hao, iron.] An iron bar. 

Kaolele (ka'-o-le'-le), n. (Kao, dart, 
and lele, to fly.] A dart; a javelin; 
a sky-rocket. 

Kaolo (ka'-o'-lo), n. A zigzag path- 
way down a hill. 

Kaomi (ka'-o'-mi), n. The north- 
east trade wird. See moae. 2. 




Name of a noted Hawaiian agita- 

Kaomi (ka'-o'-mi), v. 1. To press 
down, as with a lever; to bear 
down upon a thing. 2. To squee-ze; 
to press together. 3. To crush. 

Kaomiwaina (ka'-o'-mi-wa'i-na), n. 
A wine press. 

Kaona (ka'-o-na), n. Name of an 
agitator and religious fanatic who 
caused a popular disturbance on 
the island of Hawaii when a dep- 
uty sheriff of the district was 

Kaoo (ka'-o'o), n. 1. A girding or 
exercising constraining force on, 
some part of the body to relieve 
pain. 2. A drawing tighter of the 
girdle or malo. 3. A multitude 
traveling together. 4. A crowd of 

Kaoo (ka'-o'o), v. 1. To bind. 2. To 
tighten. 3. To be in an overwhelm- 
ing crowd. 4. To be in straits. 

Kaopa (ka'-o'-pa), adj. Lame; stiff. 
See oopa. 

Kaopa (ka'-o'-pa), n. [Ka, article 
the, and opa, a limping.] Defec- 
tive walking; lameness. 

Kapa (ka'-pa), n. 1. The cloth beaten 
from the bark of the wauki or 
paper mulberry, also from the 
mamaki and other trees; tapa. 2 
Cloth of any kind; clothes gener- 
ally; kapa komo, a coat; a dress. 
3. A bank; a shore; the side of a 
river, pond or lake; the side of a 
taro patch; the side of a wood or 
land; the side of a road. Syn: 
Aoao. 4. The labium of a female. 
Plural: kapakapa. 

Kapa (ka'-pa), n. Slight blows or 
taps heard at intervals; intermit- 
tent tapping. 

Kapa (ka'-pa'), n. A class of e-els 
that play havoc among all kinds 
of fish. See puhikapa. 

Kapa (ka'-pa), v. 1. To designate or 
point out by title. 2. To attach 
a nickname to. 

Kapa (ka'-pa'), v. 1. To squeeze or 
press with the hands, as refuse 
awa is pressed to extract the 
liquid. 2. To strain with a strainer 

Kapaaiialo (ka'-pa'a-i-la'-lo), n. Any 
place on the earth in distinction 
from heaven; o kahi e pili ana i 
ka honua, ua kapaia o kapaaiialo. 
— D. Malo. 

Kapaailu'na (ka'-pa*a-i-lu'-na), n. 1. 
The arch of the heaven above, 
supposed to be firm and strong. 
2. Any place in the air or above 
the earth; o kahi e pili ana i ka 
lani ua kapaia o kapaalluna. 3. 
The antithesis of Kapaaiialo; the 
eternal heavens. 

Kapaau (ka'-pa-a'u), n. A particular 
place in a temple (heiau). A place 
reserved for the priests, and where 
the sacrifices, offerings or victims 
were assembled in front of the 
lele or altar. Also called ka nuu. 

Kapae (ka'-pa'e), n. The act of turn- 
ing aside anything from its proper 
use, or from moral rectitude. 

Kapae (ka'-pa'e), v. 1. To pervert; 
to turn aside; to turn aside from 
moral rectitude. 2. To turn aside 
from the direct road in traveling. 
To turn aside from following a per- 
son. 4. To turn aside from obe- 
dience to law. 5. To turn a thing 
from its designed use or object. 
(When a commander in battle 
ordered a soUier to throw a spear 
at an opponent who was in reality 
the soldier's friend, the soldier 
would throw his spear where it 
would do no injury, and yet he 
would pretend to obey. He would 
thus be said to kapae the spear. 
The word was much used formerly 
as applied to the mismanagement 
of a chief's property, to designate 
a kind of embezzling. 6. To mis- 

Kapaeolelo (ka'-pae-o-le'-lo), v. To 
change the meaning of a word or 
phrase from its common meaning; 
to explain. 

Kapahai (ka'-pa-ha'i), n. The limit 
or boundary of; edge; border. 

Kapai (ka'-pa'i), n. Any kind of 
remedy prepared for external use: 
he popo kapai, a ball for rubbing 

Kapai (ka'-pa'i), v. [Ka and pai, 
a blow with a flat surface.] 1. To 
pound gently with the fist as on 
one's flesh to promote circulation. 
2. To anoint the body with oint- 
ment. 3. To break in piece's; to 
separate into parts by force. 4. 
To break up wood for fuel. 

Kapakahi (ka'-pa-ka'-hi), adj. [Kapa, 
side, and kahi, one.] 1. One-sided; 
uneve-n; crooked. 2. Partial to 
one party to the injury of an- 




other: lawe kapakahi, to act with 

Kapakahl (ka'-pa-ka'-hi), v. 1. To 
act partially. 2. To put out of 

Kapakai (ka'-pa-ka'i), v. [Kapa, 
aside, and kaM (contraction of 
kaukai), to wait for.] To wait in 
expectation of, or looking for an 
event to happen; to wait looking 
for the result of another's action. 

Kapakakeu (ka'-pa'-ka-ke'u), v. Same 
as kapakeu. 

Kapakapa (ka'-pa-ka'-pa), adj. Fic- 
titious; assumed, as one's name; 
he inoa kapakapa, an assumed 
name for any purpose. 

Kapakapa (ka'-pa-ka'-pa), n. 1. The 
labia of females. Singular is kapa. 
2. The crotch of men. 

Kapakapa (ka'-pa-ka'-pa), v. [Freq. 
of kapa to call or name.] 1. To 
call by assumed or fictitious 
names. 2.