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THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 
OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



rallace Beaton 





Ogl(mder Kn? 

fJVTft- an Engfizvuiij puJt faffed, in, J?82 
London _FiibU>tttd ty R?avei & Turner. 




THE 

OGLANDER MEMOIRS: 



EXTEACTS 

FROM THE 

MSS. OF SIR J. OGLANDER, KT., 

OK NUNWELL, ISLE OF WIGHT, 

DEPUTY-GOVERNOR OF PORTSMOUTH, AND 
DBPUTY-LIEUTENANT OF THE ISLE OF WIGHT, 155-)648. 

EDITED, 

WITH AN INTRODUCTION AND NOTES, 

BY 

W. H. LONG, 

Author oj "A Dictionary of the Isle of Wight Dialect" fe. 



LONDON : REEVES AND TURNER, 19fl STRAND. 
PORTSMOUTH : W. H. LONG, 120 HIGH STREET. 

ISLE OF WIGHT : 

O. A. BRANNON, "COUNTY PRESS" OFFICE, NEWPORT. 
1888. 



PRINTED BY G. A. BBANNON, 

AT THE "COUNTY PRESS" OFFICE, 26 ST. JAMES'S SQUARE, 
NEWPORT, I.W. 



DA 



TO THE 
REV. SIR W. H. COPE, BART., 

OF BEAMSHILL, 
THE FOLLOWING PAGES ARE KESPECTKULLY INSCRIBED 

BY 

W. H. LONG. 



NOTE TO THE INTRODUCTION. 



At page xxii., by an oversight of the Editor, Sir J. Oglauder is stated to have 
threatened to distrain the goods of his friend Worsley, of Appuldurcombe, in 
default of paying his apportioned quota of ship money. It was not Sir H. 
Worsley of Appuldurcombe, but his uncle, John Worsley. of Gatcombe, who 
was refractory. He was of an overbearing and intractable disposition, and 
resisted the payment of other assessments besides ship money. In November, 
1637, Thos. Urry and Richard Roman, churchwardens of Gatcombe, sent a 
petition to Archbishop Laud, alleging that their parish church had fallen into 
decay, and that by the directions of Dr. Mason, Chancellor of the Diocese, a 
meeting had been held to make a church rate to pay for necessary repairs. Mr. 
Worsley was present, and a rate was made, to which everybody but Worsley 
consented, and paid their several proportions. He, the most considerable 
ratepayer, his estate comprising one half of the parish, being of a litigious 
nature, not only refused to pay the last rate, but also two made previously ; 
so that the repair of the church was delayed, and the whole fabric in danger 
of becoming ruinous. There had also been from time beyond the memory of 
man a church house and garden belonging to the parish, of which Worsley on 
his own authority had taken possession. The petitioners prayed that he might 
be admonished to deliver up the house and garden, and to pay the rates due 
from him ; or be summoned to answer for the same before the Commissioners 
Ecclesiastical. In reply to this, the Archbishop directed Sir John Lambe to 
take order for the offending party to appear in the Court of High Commission, 
but this citation was not executed, or failed to produce the desired effect. 
Some months after, the matter was brought before the Council ; with the result 
that in May, 1638, letters were sent to Dr. Robert Mason, Chancellor of the 
Diocese of Winchester, and to the Surrogate of the Consistory Court of the 
same, enclosing a petition of the parishioners of Gatcombe, and a certificate 
from Dr. Mason himself, showing that by the obstinacy of Mr. Worsley, Jord 
of the manor of Gatcombe, the church there had become quite ruinous, and so 
decayed that the minister in stormy weather was compelled to read the service 
in his seat. Worsley not only refused to pay the rates due from him, but also 
withheld the church house and a piece of land thereto belonging, which he had 
converted to his own use ; and though he had been presented by the church - 
wardens, he. being rich, delayed and wearied the parishioners with vexatious 
suits at law. The Chancellor and Surrogate were ordered to give the matter 
their consideration, and to take effectual measures so that the church might 
be repaired, and the church house and land restored to the parish ; and to see 
that oo man's power or refractoriness delayed the course of justice. Stuff 
Papers, Domestic, VoU. 371, 390, 1637-8. 



PREFACE. 



THE often quoted manuscript collections of Sir John Oglander, 
of Nunwell, Isle of Wight, written during the first half of 
the XVII. century, are now for the first time presented to 
the public in a form as far as possible of completeness and 
continuity. Every writer on the Isle of Wight, from the time 
of Sir R. Worsley (who could scarcely have been aware of their 
wealth of materials, or he would have made much more 
extensive use of them in his history), has referred more or less 
to these interesting MSS.; but not a sixth part of their con- 
tents has yet been published, and what has been is inferior in 
interest to the remaining unpublished portion. Nor is this 
altogether surprising. Much of the Oglander MSS. consists of 
notes of a very miscellaneous and varied character, written in 
different volumes, and often as if on the spur of the moment 
on the blank leaves of ledgers and account books, without 
the least order or arrangement A good deal of the collection 
is not now worth printing, consisting of references to old 



11. PREFACE. 

authors and conjectures on historical and archaeological sub- 
jects, or on the history of families and descent of lands in the 
Island; often erroneous, and disproved by modern research. 
The contents of the following pages are almost entirely derived 
from a transcript of the original MSS., apparently made early 
in the present century, probably by or for a member of the 
Oglander family. This transcript is a folio volume, now the 
property of the Rev. Sir \V. H. Cope, Bt., of Bramshill, Hants, 
who has kindly consented to the publication of those passages 
it contained of local or general interest. The notes accom- 
panying the text could easily have been extended, but the 
object in them has been to epitomise, and to give all necessary 
information in the briefest manner possible. Considerable 
research has been bestowed on the notes and introduction, and 
no statements are made in them but from the best authorities 
that could be consulted with the utmost care of the Editor. 

W. H. LONG. 



[ Hi. ] 



INTRODUCTION. 



IN these preliminary pages an attempt is made to place 
before the reader a sketch, necessarily incomplete and 
imperfect, of the social state of the Isle of Wight during 
the first half of the seventeenth century. From 
their position, the residents of the Island, till within a 
few years of the period mentioned, lived in the dread and 
often experienced the evils of foreign invasion ; but after 
the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, a feeling of 
security from the annoyance of enemies sprang up, with 
the best effects on the prosperity and well-being of the 
Island and its inhabitants. The custom of sending their fami- 
lies to the mainland on occasions of warlike alarms fell into 
disuse, and the result of this confidence in themselves 
and their rulers was the erection of such manor houses 
as Northcourt, Mottistone, Arreton, Yaverland, Sheat, 
and others, most of which still remain with their 
pointed gables, mullioned windows, and oak wainscoting, 
mementoes of a period of peace and plenty, and the 
delight of the artist and antiquary. At the beginning 

B2 



IV. INTRODUCTION. 

of the reign of Elizabeth the condition of the Island 
was deplorable, a state of general stagnation and 
decay; but by the efforts of the government and the 
beneficial and vigorous rule of Sir E. Horsey and Sir 
G. Carey, before the accession of James I. a tide of 
prosperity had set in, and "money was as plentiful in 
the yeomen's purses as now in the best of the gentry, 
and all the gentry full of money and out of debt." 1 
About the end of the reign of James there was another 
period of depression, which gradually passed away; 
and during the time of the Civil Wars, through its 
immunity from the battles and sieges which disturbed 
most parts of the country, the Island was one of the 
most flourishing places in the kingdom. Strangers 
from the neighbouring counties were attracted to it by 
the prospect of peace and quiet, trade increased, and 
rents rose rapidly above the average to fall again to 
their usual level, or beneath it, shortly after the Ee- 
storation. 

The population of the Island was probably about 
15,000 or 16,000. The houses were generally built of 
the native stone and except those of the gentry 
mostly thatched. Each cottage had a garden in which 
vegetables were grown, with the exception of potatoes, 
which, though introduced into England before the end of 

1 Oglander MSS, 



INTRODUCTION. V. 

the sixteenth century, were for a long time found only 
in the gardens of the rich, and were not in common cul- 
tivation till nearly a hundred years later. In 1613 they 
were sold as luxuries at 2s. per Ib. Bread made of 
wheat flour was commonly eaten, and barley bread only 
used in times of scarcity. Orchards were common, 
from which cider was made for home consumption. 
Excepting the estates of the knights and gentlemen, 
most of the farms, many of them small, were owned by 
the farmers themselves, who cultivated wheat, barley, 
oats, pease, and vetches. The arable land was not all 
enclosed by hedges, and much of the so-called forest 
was woodland and unenclosed heath. Pigs fed on the 
acorns in the parks of Appuldurcombe and Watcliing- 
well, and in Avington, now Parkhurst, Forest. Sheep 
roamed on the downs and commons belonging to the 
manors, their owners who had rights of pasturage being 
known as "commoners." The Island possessed a good 
breed of horses for agricultural purposes, and was noted 
for the excellence of its sheep. Corn and wool, celebrated 
for its fineness, were the cliief exports, the manufactures 
being next to none ; but some alum and copperas 
works were conducted with success. The clergy farmed 
their glebes, and their unmarried farm servants generally 
lived in the parsonage with the household. Domestic 
labour was cheap. The average wages of a man servant 



VI. INTRODUCTION. 

was from 3 to 5 per annum ; of a maid servant, 2 l 
to 3. Labourers were paid 4s. per week in summer, 
and 3s. 6d. per week during the winter. In corn and 
hay harvest their wages were a shilling per day, but if 
engaged in task work, as much as might be agreed 
upon between them and their employers. The rate of wages 
of labourers and artizans was generally fixed annually 
by the Justices at the Easter Sessions of each county, and 
often did not vary much for years. There was no uni- 
versal standard, and in some counties the wages were 
much lower than in others. In 1610, mowers received 
lOd. per day; skilled artizans, Is. a day in summer, and 
lOd. in winter. Forty years later, in the time of the Com- 
monwealth, wages had risen. Ordinary labourers were 
paid Is. a day, and when engaged in reaping, Is. 6d.; 
artizans received Is. 6d. a day in summer, and Is. 4d. 
during winter. 

The average price of wheat was 2 11s. 4d. per 
quarter, and of malt 1 7s. 7d. The prices of corn 
varied greatly at intervals of only a few months ; 
seasons of cheapness and plenty were generally followed 
by times of scarcity, and sometimes of actual famine, 
for which the usual remedy was the prohibition of the 
exportation of grain out of the country. A late or wet 

1 The authorities for the rates of wages, prices of corn, &c., when not men- 
tioned in the text, are churchwardens' accounts, the Sussex Archaeological 
Collections, and Professor Rogers's " Six Centuries of Work and Wages." 



INTRODUCTION. Vli. 

spring or summer caused great distress and loss, and a 
corresponding increase in the price of food for men and 
cattle ; in the late spring of 1643, hay sold at 8 14s. 
per ton. The comparative value of money being con- 
sidered, this price would be equal to about 20 at the 
present day. In the year 1607, the average price of 
wheat was 36s. 8d. per quarter; the year following was 
a season of scarcity, and the price rose to 56s. 8d. per 
quarter. In 1613, the average had fallen to 48s. 8d. per 
quarter, and beef was sold at 4d. per pound. From this 
year prices steadily declined till 1620 and 1621, when 
they reached their minimum. To quote a contemporary 
writer, 1 1621 "At this time the rates of all sorts of 
corn were so extremely low, as it made the very prices of 
land fall from twenty years' purchase to sixteen or seven- 
teen. For the best wheat was sold for 2s. 8d. and 2s. 6d. 
the bushel, the ordinary at 2s.; barley and rye at ls.4d. 
and Is. 3d. the bushel, and the worse of those grains at 
a meaner rate ; and malt also after that proportion. 
Nor were horse corns, as oats and pease, at any higher 
price, which I have the rather observed, though a 
matter in itself very trivial, because all farmers of lands 
generally murmured at this plenty and cheapness ; and 
the poorer sort that would have been glad but a few 

1 Sir Simonda D'Ewe's Autobiography and Coreflpondence, edited by J. 
O. Halliwell, voL I. 



Vlll. INTRODUCTION. 

years before of the coarse rye-bread, did now usually 
traverse the markets to find out the finer wheats, as if 
nothing else would serve their use or please their 
palates. Which unthankfulness and daintiness was soon 
after punished by the high prices and dearness of all 
sorts of grain everywhere, which never since abated 
much of that rate, though at some times it were cheaper 
than at others. So as in the year 1630, wheat was above 
8s. the bushel, rye at 4s. 6d., and malt and barley 
about that rate ; and this present year (1637), malt and 
barley are now sold at 5s. the bushel, though wheat be 
under that price, and rye at 4s. the bushel." Another 
contemporary account, 1620-21, says 1 u There is a 
great scarcity of money within all this kingdom, so that 
any man cannot depend upon any payment or receat 
any money due to him, and generally all the country is 
impoverished. And good livers cannot make any shift 
for money. The price of all things except corn is at a 
very low rate. Tradesmen complain they cannot get 
work to employ themselves, so that many do offer to 
work for meat and drink only." In the succeeding years 
prices again rose gradually, till in 1631, a time of famine, 
the price of wheat was 68s. per quarter. In a Hamp- 
shire inventory, dated 1636, " a little mare, bridle, and 

1 Diary of Walter Yonge, M.P. for Honiton, edited by J. Roberts for the 
Camden Society. 



INTRODUCTION. IX. 

saddle " was sold for 32s., and the next year the price of 
"seven horses and their harness" was 23. About this 
time and for some years after, the price of corn was very 
variable, wheat being sometimes as low as 44s. per 
quarter; but in 1648 and '49, the summers being ex- 
tremely wet, and according to Aubrey, " deare yeares 
of corne," the average price of wheat rose to 75s. and 
80s. per quarter. At such seasons no corn was allowed 
to be sold but in open market, which was attended by 
the Justices, or Mayor and Constables, to regulate the 
prices ; and no forestaller, engrosser, or maltster, was 
suffered to be a purchaser. No corn brought to market 
and remaining unsold was allowed to be taken away 
by the owner, but was kept till the next market day, 
and again offered for sale. 

The functions of the Justices were more various and 
their authority much more extensive than at present. 
They regulated the prices of labour and provisions, 
licensed and suppressed alehouses, and combined the 
duties of modern guardians of the poor with those of a 
local government board. Every parish maintained its 
own poor, and in extraordinary cases beggars were 
licensed to solicit alms throughout the Island. Each 
parish was supposed to keep its own roads in repair 
with the stones gathered from the fields, but this was 
often so imperfectly done that the roads were full of 



X. INTRODUCTION. 

deep ruts and holes, and in winter generally impassible 
by wheeled carriages. The highways were few, there 
was none between Newport and Niton ; and between 
Newport and Newtown the road was barely a wheel- 
track which lay through the fields, and was crossed by 
gates at every few hundred yards. Till nearly the end of 
the last century the road from Newport to Yarmouth was 
studded with more than fifty gates, and they were still 
more numerous in the roads at the the back of the Island. 
Nearly everybody travelled on horseback, the mistress 
on a pillion behind the master, coaches being almost 
unknown. Sir J. Oglander says that his coach was the 
second ever seen in the Island. Until 1615 there was 
no regular post to and from London, and fifty or sixty 
years earlier all letters to the mainland were conveyed 
across the water by "a coneyman," who visited the 
Island at short intervals to buy rabbits for the London 
market. In the coverts and brakes these animals 
abounded, but hares were comparatively scarce, there 
being but few or none in the Island before they were 
introduced by Sir E. Horsey, in the latter part of the 
preceding century. The Undercliff swarmed with game 
partridges, pheasants, curlews, plovers, gulls, and 
other wildfowl, and the creeks and woodlands of the 
Island offered almost as many attractions to the 
sportsman. Sir John Oglander states that his father, 



INTRODUCTION. XI. 

with his man, often bagged forty couples of wild- 
fowl in a night among the shallows and sedges 
of Brading Harbour. Deer were not plentiful, except 
in the parks of a few of the gentry, and some that ran 
wild in Parkhurst Forest, which then extended from the 
west bank of the Medina to the muddy shores of New- 
town Creek. The forest nominally belonged to the 
Captain of the Island, but was really a common pasture 
ground for the horses and cattle of the whole country. 
Hawking and coursing were the ordinary pastimes of 
the knights and gentlemen. On holidays, bull baiting 
was the recreation of the commonalty. On the feast 
day of the Mayor of Newport, the Governor of the 
Island always gave 5 to purchase a bull, which, after 
being baited, was killed, and its flesh given to the poor. 
The Mayor and Corporation, with mace bearer and con- 
stables, attended at the baiting, and the first dog let 
loose at the bull was decorated with ribbons, and called 
the Mayor's dog. Tlu's sport was not confined to 
Newport ; a massive bull-ring is still to be seen in the 
main street of Brading. and no butcher was allowed to 
kill a bull till it had been " lawfully baited." 

Of the three boroughs of the Island, Newport, with a 
population of less than 2000, was by far the most import- 
ant. Early in the reign of James I. a charter of incorpora- 
tion was granted to the town, substituting for the 



Xll. INTRODUCTION. 

bailiffs a Mayor, twenty-four burgesses, and a recorder. 
This, however it might have increased the importance 
of the town and its inhabitants, was not regarded with 
favour by the Justices of the Island, as Newport was 
thus rendered independent of their long established 
jurisdiction. Sir J. Oglander, writing in 1631, says of 
tliis matter : " Before ye Mayoraltie wase (by ye grace 
of my Lord of Sowthampton, and favor of fflemminge, 
Lord Chefe Justice) obtayned, they had as Bradinge 
hath, 2 Baylies, and ye Justices att large did all thinges, 
license theye alehowses, etc. Itt had been happy e for 
them and ye countery to if itt had soe continued." Sir 
John was not singular in his opinion, for eleven years 
later Sir John Dingley, in a report of the state of the 
Island which he drew up by order of the Earl of 
Pembroke, says : " Since the coming of King James, 
there is a town in the Island (called Newport) made a 
mare-town, which heretofore was only a Bayly town, 
and then the livetenants and justices had the same 
power there they had in the rest of the country, but 
now they have gotten a charter to be a mare-town, and 
have justices, a recorder, aldermen, &c., which the other 
two mare-towns have not, as Yarmouth and Newtown ; 
they will not be governed as those two mare-towns and 
the rest of the Island are, which is very prejudiciall to 
the country, and I wish it might be regulated." At this 



INTRODUCTION. Xlll. 

time Newtown had sunk to the size of a small hamlet, 
Yarmouth was in a state of decadence, and surpassed 
in size and importance by Cowes, the chief port of the 
Island, and Ryde was but a straggling group of fisher- 
men's huts. The boroughs of Newport, Newtown, and 
Yarmouth returned two members each to Parliament, 
and this recently restored privilege, procured for them 
by Sir G. Carey in 1584, was accompanied by the claim 
of the Captain of the Island for the time being to nomi- 
nate at least one member for each borough as a matter 
of prescriptive right. The burgesses of Newport, as a 
mark of gratitude to the Captain, unanimously granted 
him for life the power of nominating one of their mem- 
bers. In 1601, Carey, then Lord Hunsdon, and Lord 
Chamberlain to the Queen, in a dictatorial epistle from 
London, ordered the burgesses of Newtown to elect two 
members of his appointment, whose names even were 
not submitted to them. To quote his own words ; 
"Whereas her Majestic is purposed to summon a Parlia- 
ment, for the better service whereof you are to send 
two burgesses to that Assemblie, there to attend until 
that Court shall be dissolved ; these shall bee to desire 
you, that inasmuch as I was the means and procurer of 
the libertie for your Corporation, you will with all the 
convenience you may, assemble yourselves together, and 
with your united consent send up unto me (as hereto- 



XIV. INTKODUCTION. 

fore you have done) your wrytt, with a blank, wherein 
I may insert the names of such persons as I shall think 
fittest to discharge that deutie for your behoofe, whom 
I shall take care shall likewise free you of whatsoever 
shall be dewe by you for the place ; which I desire may 
be done with all exp'edicion after your receipt of the 
wrytt." But this state of things was not permanent, and 
sometimes the burgesses refused to obey the mandate of 
the Governor. In the time of Carey's successor, 
Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, the townsmen of 
Yarmouth ventured to select a candidate for one of 
their seats without consulting or informing the Governor, 
who freely expressed his surprise and indignation there- 
at, and took effectual measures to maintain what he 
considered to be his undoubted right. At the next 
election, in 1614, the Earl nominated only one of the 
members ; but his son made application to the burgesses 
to be returned for the second seat as a token of respect 
to his father and favour to himself, and was returned 
accordingly three times in succession, in 1614, 1620, and 
1623. At the election of 1628, the burgesses of New- 
port and Yarmouth declined to return the nominees of 
Lord Conway (one of them being his son, Sir E. Conway, 
who had been one of the representatives of Yarmouth in 
the preceding Parliament of 1625), with which unusual 
treatment his lordship was so disgusted "That he 



INTRODUCTION. XV. 

professed himselve noe frynd to ye Island in generoll, or 
his liftennants in p'rticular." Sir J. Oglander further 
remarks in his "Life of Lord Con way," "That whych 
made him respectles of this Island wase,that he, wrygh- 
tinge to us, and to Yarmouth, Nutowne, and Nuport 
for ye Kinge's place at ye Parliament (whychevor they 
did gratifie former Captaynes with 2 or 3 places), they 
denied him, and woold not give him one, whych thinge 
he tooke verie ill." The coolness of Lord Conway 
toward his lieutenants, Sir E. Dennis and Sir J. Oglander, 
may be accounted for by the fact that the recalcitrant 
burgesses of Yarmouth elected them in the place of his 
son. In the "Short Parliament" of 1640, William 
Oglander, the son and successor of Sir John, was chosen 
by the Corporation of Yarmouth as their representative. 
He did not keep in good accord with the burgesses, and 
considered himself little honoured by their choice. He 
complained that they imposed on him duties beneath 
his dignity to fulfil, and in remarkably plain language 
asserted that they were "An illbred company of fools 
and loggerheads," and that "A meaner man than him- 
self might have served their turn." This, and more, 
being uttered in the hearing of the wives of some of the 
burgesses, they informed their husbands of the matter, 
in spite of the entreaty of Oglander's serving man that 
there "might be no words of what his young master had 



XVI. INTRODUCTION. 

spoken." The Corporation could not endure this affront, 
a meeting was convened to deliberate on the behaviour 
of their representative, a protest against his language 
was entered in their books, and he was unanimously 
"dismissed and excluded" from his office, as "being 
altogether unfit to be a burgess for the Parliament," and 
John Bulkeley, Esq., was chosen in his place. This 
gentleman represented Yarmouth for a very short time, 
for after sitting only three weeks the Parliament was 
dissolved, and in the Long Parliament, which met in the 
following November, John Bulkeley and Sir John 
Barrington sat for the borough of Newtown. 

The defences and military strength of the Island were 
under the command of the Captain or his deputies, and 
were far from inconsiderable. In the sixteenth century 
the Island was divided into ten districts called 
" Centons," each commanded by a " Centoner," who was 
always a resident landholder, and who had under him 
a lieutenant and from 150 to 200 men, with a number 
of "hobblers" or watchmen, mounted on "hobbies" or 
small horses ; who were perpetually on the alert, to give 
warning of the approach of an enemy. Each centoner 
exercised his company once a month at least ; and another 
of his duties was to see that the field gun of each parish 
in his district was provided with ammunition and in 
readiness for service. In the time of the alarm of the 



INTRODUCTION. XV11. 

Spanish Armada, the local militia amounted to nearly 
2000, and, in case of emergency, 3000 men in 
addition could be supplied from the mainland. In 1625, 
" A trewe noate of the strength of the Island " was 
delivered to the Council by Sir John Oglander, from 
which it appears that the local levies were divided into 
eleven " bands," each commanded by a knight or 
gentleman, exclusive of Newport band of 304 men ; the 
total amounting to over 2000 men, of whom more than 
half were musketeers, and the rest pikemen. "Watches 
and wards," with beacons ready for firing, were kept 
on all the downs and headlands, and every point and 
creek was jealously guarded. The watchmen, with 
loaded muskets and lighted matches, were changed at 
sunrise and sunset, and were visited by a " searcher " 
twice during the day and three times by night. A 
Lieutenant of the Military Company, of Norwich, who 
visited the Island in 1635, 1 was very favourably 
impressed by the discipline and efficiency of the local 
Militia, which he thus eulogistically describes : " This 
fertile and pleasant Island, for her martial discipline, 
I found her most bravely and prudently guided by the 
government of two generous knights lieutenants, and 
fourteen gentle and expert captains, most of them all 

1 Relation of a Short Survey, &c., by a Lieutenant of the Military Company 
at Norwich, August, 1635, /Mtudowne AISS., 213. 

C 



XV111. INTRODUCTION. 

worthy knights and gentlemen, having pleasant situa- 
tions in this isle; and having under their command 
2000 foot soldiers, of ready exercise, and well dis- 
ciplined trained men, most of them as expert in hand- 
ling their arms as our artillery nurseries, which skill 
they attain to by taking pleasure in that honourable 
exercise, and training and drilling from their very 
infancy. Every captain hath his proper field piece, 
which inarches and guards him into the field, where 
they all often meet together and pitch an equal battle, 
of 1000 on each side, with an equal distribution of the 
captains, eight of each party, with the two lieutenants, 
who are also captains, the East against the West Mede, 
on St. George's Down, by the river that runs down to 
Cowes Castle. A brave show there is, and brave ser- 
vice performed. They have besides in this Island arms 
for 2000 more if need should require." 

But it is time to turn to the author of the pages to 
which these are but introductory, and to endeavour to 
fill up as far as possible the outline of his own life 
which he has left us. Sir John Oglander came of a 
good old stock, and was justified in claiming for his 
family an antiquity as remote as any in the Island. He 
says of his ancestors : "They came in with ye conquest 
out of Normandie, and receaveth name from ye appella- 
tion of ye place in Normandie from whence they came," 



INTRODUCTION. XIX. 

This statement of the worthy knight, with many others 
relating to history and antiquities to be found among 
his writings, is not quite correct. The original home 
and birth-place of the Oglanders was the Chateau, or 
Castle, of Orglandes, situated near Valognes, in the 
department of La Manche, formerly a portion of the 
province of Normandy. A branch of the family is still 
flourishing in France, the head of which, with the title 
of Marquis d'Orglandes, was a member of the Chamber 
of Deputies in 1825. The family did not come in with 
the Conquest, there is no mention of the name in the 
Domesday survey of the Island, and at the time it was 
taken Nunwell was held by the King. In the reign of 
Henry I., an Oglander was seated at Nunwell, and the 
manor has remained in the possession of the family till 
the present day, in an uninterrupted descent of more 
than 700 years. The founder of the Island branch was 
probably a follower of Richard de Redvers, Earl of De- 
von, and Lord of the Isle of Wight and of Christchurch, 
Hants, who died about the end of the reign of Henry I. 
In the reign of this King, Peter de Oglander was chap- 
lain to Richard de Redvers, and by him was appointed 
Dean of Christchurch. The family grew in importance. 
In the reign of Henry III., Robert Oglander married the 
daughter of Sir Theobald Russell, Kt., of Yaverland, 

and thus allied himself to one of the most distinguished 

c2 



XX. INTRODUCTION. 

families of the Island. His successor, Henry, who died in 
the third year of Edward II., married a daughter of Sir 
John Glamorgan, of Brooke, and it appears by an inqui- 
sition taken after his death, he held other lands besides 
Nun well in the Island. The eldest son and successor 
of Henry Oglander attended Edward III. in his wars 
in France, and was rewarded with knighthood for his 
services. The family intermarried with the first of the 
Island gentry, and after several descents, in the early 
part of the reign of Henry VHI., Oliver Oglander, great 
grandfather of Sir John, occupied the post of Lieutenant 
of the Island of Guernsey. Oliver's son, George, was a 
Counsellor at Law and a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn, and 
his son and successor, William, knighted by King James, 
was the father of Sir John Oglander, the historian of the 
Isle of Wight in the seventeenth century. This Island 
worthy has left, among his other writings, a sketch of 
his own life, from his birth till about the year 1630; but 
his narrative ends abruptly. From internal evidence it 
was written before the premature death of his son 
George, in 1632, as he makes no mention of this loss, 
so pathetically bewailed by him in several parts of his 
memoirs. Sir John seems never to have fully recovered 
from the shock of this bereavement. Again and again 
in his MSS., among trivial details hardly worth recording, 

* o " 

or matters of historic importance written years after- 



INTRODUCTION. XXI. 

wards, one meets with such affecting entries as the 
following: "Woolliest them know wheathor Sir John 
Oglander had an eldor son then William ? I resolve thee, 
he had ; his name wase George, after liis grandfather 
Moore's name, for his grandfather, Sir William Oglander, 
wase then dedd. And I tell thee he wase sutch a sonn 
as ye Isle of Wyght nevor bredd ye lyke before, nor 
evor will ye lyke agayne. Periendo. Perio" "0 George, 
my sonn George, thou wast to good for mee, all partes 
naturoll and artificoll did soe abound in thee that hadest 
thou lived, thou hadst been an honnour to thy famely 
and countery. But thou art dedd, and with thee all 
my hopes. Vale, vale, vale, tempore sequor." Allowing 
for the natural partiality of a parent, George Oglander 
was undoubtedly a young man of the highest promise, 
who, while on his travels, died near the cradle of his 
race, at Caen, in July, 1632, aged 23 years. 

In 1637, Sir John filled the office of Sheriff of Hamp- 
shire, the year in which a majority of the judges decided 
that the levying of ship money was legal in case of 
danger to the Kingdom, and that the King was the sole 
judge as to the existence of such danger. Tliis tax, 
being most unpopular and hateful to all classes, was 
collected by the sheriffs in the face of no small obstruc- 
tion and difficulty. Many towns would not pay without 
actual distraint, and in some places the sheriffs' assistants 



XX11. INTRODUCTION. 

executed their orders at the peril of their lives. The 
County of Hants was no exception to the general rule, 
but the resistance to the obnoxious impost was not so 
determined as in many other parts of the Kingdom, and 
Sir John was more successful in getting together the 
sum of 6000, at which the shire had been assessed, 
than many of his fellow sheriffs. Towards this amount, 
Southampton was charged 195, Winchester 190 
(afterwards reduced to 170), and Portsmouth and 
Basingstoke 60 each. In a letter to Secretary Nicholas, 
September, 1638, 1 Sir John writes, that he had paid to 
the receiver, Sir William Russell, all ship money due 
from the county, and all from the corporations with 
the exception of 68, of which Southampton owed 40, 
Winchester 20. and Andover 8. As sheriff, Sir John 
executed his duty with such thorough impartiality that 
he threatened to distrain the goods of his old friend 
Worsley, of Appuldurcombe, in default of paying his 
proportion of the offensive tax. In a letter written 
March, 1637, he says: "Mr. Woorseley, as you are a 
gentleman whome I love and respect, soe I desior you 
not to fforce mee to distrayne your goodes for his 
Ma ties shipmoneyes. I shoolde be very loft to doe itt 
to anye, espetiolly to yourselve ; as ye moneys must 
be payde to his Ma tie , soe there is littel reason yt I 

1 State Papers, Domestic Series, 1634. 



INTRODUCTION. XX111. 

shoolde besydes my paynes and care paye itt out of my 
owne purse. Thus hopinge you will paye your rates 
imposed upon you, I rest, your ffrynd to command, 
Jno. Oglander, Vic." (Sheriff). 

But far more stirring and perilous times were at hand. 
Early in the year 1642, Jerome, Earl of Portland, 
who had succeeded his father as Governor of the Island; 
being suspected of an inclination to popery, and known 
to be strongly attached to the royal cause, was removed 
from his post by the Parliament, in spite of a petition 
in his favour, presented to the House by the inhabitants, 
and the Earl of Pembroke was appointed in his place. 
According to Clarendon, some of the charges against 
Lord Portland were " His acts of good fellowship, all 
the waste of powder, and all the waste of wine in the 
drinking of healths, and the acts of jollity whenever he 
had been at his Government, from the first hour of his 
entering upon it." These accusations were not without 
foundation. The Earl was certainly "a good fellow," 
and of a very jovial disposition, and with his roystering 
associates gave great offence to the sober and puritani- 
cal inhabitants of the Island by his disreputable beha- 
viour. One day in August, 1639, the people of Newport 
were scandalised by the sight of their worshipful 
governor, with his boon companions Hicks, Nicholas 
Weston, and the dissolute Colonel Goring, Governor of 



XXIV. INTRODUCTION. 

Portsmouth, marching in drunken revelry towards the 
town gallows. At each health they drank they tore 
each other's bands and raiment, till by the time they 
reached their destination their clothes and shirts were 
in tatters. Then Goring mounted the ladder, and, with 
tipsy gravity, delivered his last dying speech to the by- 
standers, advising them all to take warning by his 
unhappy end. It had been better for himself and his 
fame if liis wretched buffoonery had been stern reality. 
On the breaking out of the Civil War, Sir John 
exerted all his influence on the side of the King, with 
results very disastrous to himself. The bulk of the 
inhabitants of the Isle of Wight, the clergy and most 
of the resident knights and gentry excepted, zealously 
espoused the cause of the Parliament, and the Eoyalists 
soon realised what it was to be regarded as "malignante" 
by the opposite party. Sir John was one of the earliest 
sufferers. In consequence of some reflections or de- 
monstrations that he indiscreetly made against the 
popular side, attention was called to "the demeanour 
and carriage of one Oglander in the Isle of Wight," in 
the House of Commons, March 22nd, 1643. Whatever 
the outcome of this may have been, Sir John was 
evidently a marked man, and soon felt the consequence 
of his inadvertence. At this time Colonel Thos. Carne 
was Deputy Governor of the Island for the Parliament, 



INTRODUCTION. XXV. 

under the Earl of Pembroke ; and Sir Thomas Barrington, 
M.P. for Newtown, was an active member of the commit- 
tee for the safety of the Isle of Wight, which body held 
its meetings in London. Colonel Carne was repeatedly 
warned to look to the security of his charge, and ordered 
to arrester send all suspected persons out of the Island. 
He was not slack in carrying out his instructions. On 
June 22nd, 1643, he wrote from Carisbrooke Castle to 
Sir T. Barrington in London : lu I have sent up Sir J. 
Oglander, and sufficient matter to keep liim awhile by 
the leg, if you will do him but justice ; without it per- 
adventure the place will be the better for his absence, and 
some of the clergy (God willing) shall follow him. 
I have seized on horses and mares which were sent to 
the Island to be secured by malignants, and I under- 
stand that more of good value are to come over. As 
they come I will seize on them, thougli I have no war- 
rant for it ; but I desire to have one with all speed, that 
I may do it with authority upon known malignants." 
Among the "sufficient matter" to keep Sir John "by the 
leg " was the following, as recorded in the Mercurius 
Aulicus for August 14th, 1643; but its intelligence 
seems to have come to hand some weeks after the event 
took place: "This day we received intelligence that 

1 MSS. of O. A. Lowndes, Esq., of Barrington Hall, Essex. Historical 
MSS. Commuuion, Seventh Report, 1879. 



XXVI. INTRODUCTION. 

Sir John Oglander being in the Isle of Wight, one, 
who is a sufficient brother, said to him that the King's 
ships were goodly ships. 'Yes,' said Sir John, 'but they 
would be better if they were restored to their true 
owner,' meaning his Majesty. The Eoundhead replied, 
'Why, what would you gain if the King had them all?' 
' No matter for gain,' said Sir John, ' I would I had given 
500 of my own purse, so as the ships were in the 
right owner's possession.' 'And verily,' said the other, 
'it shall cost you 500, and so presently informed against 
him, and caused him to be fetched to prison, where now 
the good knight is kept close only for discovering a good 
wish to his Majesty.'" Sir John was kept a prisoner in 
London for many months, during which time liis wife 
died ; and he was heavily fined before he recovered his 
liberty. According to tradition, his house in the Island 
.was plundered by a party of Parliamentarians while he 
was imprisoned. He was residing. again at Nunwell in 
1647, as in November of that year he was visited there 
by the King, on the Thursday after his arrival at Caris- 
brooke, the last visit ever made by the Monarch while 
possessing the semblance of liberty. The trial and exe- 
cution of the King, whom he knew so well, must have 
been grievously felt by Sir John, who did not live to 
welcome in the Eestoration. He died at Nun well hi 
November, 1655, and was buried in the chapel belong- 



INTRODUCTION. XXV11. 

ing to his family at the east end of the church at 
Brading. There, on opposite altar tombs, are the re- 
cumbent effigies of his father and himself in full armour, 
and in a niche above his own figure is another on a re- 
duced scale of his much lamented son, George ; all now 
bright in their original colours, lying beneath windows 
glowing with their arms blazoned in the proper tinctures ; 
the chapel and the whole church having been restored 
by the pious care of the last baronet of his race, who 
died in 1874. On the tomb of Sir John is a brass plate 
with tliis inscription, probably written by himself: 
"Heere lyeth the body of Sir John Oglander, of Nun- 
well, Knt., whoe was in his lifetyme Governour of the 
Garrison of Portsmouth, under Win. Earle of Pem- 
brooke, Lord High Steward of England. Hee was alsoe 
Deputie Ldeutennant of ye Isle of Wight, under Lord 
Viscount Conaway, and under ye Earle of Portland, 
Lord Treasurer of England, and under Jerome, Earle 
of Portland. Hee was a Justice of ye Peace and Coram, 
at 22 years old. Hee marry ed ffrances, ye youngest 
daughter of Sir George Moore, of Loosely, in ye County 
of Surrey, Knt. Shee departed this life in London, ye 
12th of June, 1644, in ye 52nd yeare of her age ; and 
hee departed tills life at Nunwell, ye 28th of November, 
1655, in ye 70th yeare of his age. 

Sic transit gloria mundi." 



XXV111. INTRODUCTION. 

As to the authority of Sir John as a chronicler, there 
can scarcely be two opinions. He was anything but 
critical, recording what he had heard with very little 
discrimination, and he often accepted as truth a good 
deal of rumour. His chronology is very defective, and 
his statements of events which occurred before liis time 
will not always bear strict examination. For instance, 
writing of Portsmouth, he says: "The bodye of that 
woorthie souldior, Sir Francis Vere, sometime Gouernor 
of Portesmouth, lyeth buryed att ye end of ye midle 
chawncel in ye church of Portesmouth, they re lyeth 
liis bodye, although he hath a fayre toombe in West- 
minster." Sir Francis Vere at the time of liis decease, 
in August, 1609, was Governor of Portsmouth, but he was 
certainly buried in Westminster Abbey. In the Abbey 
Eegisters, edited by Colonel Chester, is this entry, wliich 
settles the matter: " 1609, August 29th, Sir F. Vere in 
St. John Evangelist's Chapel." As Sir John himself was 
Deputy Governor of Portsmouth under Vere's succes- 
sor, the Earl of Pembroke, only eleven years afterwards, 
it is strange that he should not have been better in- 
formed concerning so recent an event. In another 
place he states : " It is an old tale continued by tradi- 
tion that in ye arches in ye Keepe of Caresbrooke Castel, 
one Sir Mordred. ffather of Bevis, of Sowthampton, 
wase bwoyled to deth for a conspiracye to betraye this 



INTRODUCTION. XXIX. 

Island." As his writings were produced at various 
times, extending over many years, he often repeats him- 
self, and sometimes gives two, or even three different 
accounts of the same person or event, but these dis- 
crepancies consist generally in more or less fulness of 
detail, and do not greatly affect the main outline of his 
relations. Of everything that came under his notice 
personally, his account is thoroughly reliable, and his 
details of contemporary matters and incidents may be 
safely accepted as trustworthy. In the delineation of 
traits of character or personal appearance, and in noting 
the trivial minutiae which constitute the chief charm of 
biography, he need not fear a comparison with Aubrey. 
Each was a lover of gossip, and recorded for the infor- 
mation and amusement of posterity any particulars that 
struck his fancy, whether trivial or important. In 
writing of his contemporaries, Sir John expresses his 
opinions very plainly, he never hesitates to express his dis- 
likes, and as a good hater he would have won the approval 
of Dr. Johnson. His accounts of the Gards, the Dillingtons, 
the Worsleys, the Leighs, and others, are full of life-like 
touches, and form a veritable portrait gallery of Island 
worthies in the seventeenth century ; while his unique 
notices of Lords Conway and Portland, Charles I., 
and the Duke of Buckingham, are real contributions to 
the History of England. Although an ardent Royalist, 



XXX. INTRODUCTION. 

Sir John was a thorough patriot, and a true lover of his 
native isle. He was as determined an assertor and 
supporter of the liberties of what he fondly calls "owre 
Island," as Hampden was of the liberty of the kingdom 
in his resistance to the levy of ship money. He spared 
neither time nor trouble in his efforts to obtain money 
from the Council to put the forts of the Island in a state 
to resist invasion, and to relieve his countrymen of the 
incubus of the Scotch regiment billeted among them. 
So strong was the indignation with which he regarded 
this exercise of arbitrary power, " contrarye to ye lawe 
and libertie of freemen," that he even advised his fellow 
Islanders to prevent the occurrence of such another in- 
stance of oppression by force, and at the hazard of their 
lives, rather than to be again subjected to such "insup- 
portable trouble and misery." 

Sir John had the instincts of an antiquary, and de- 
lighted in historical and archaeological research. While 
a very young man, at his first coming to live in the 
Island, he visited and investigated to the best of his 
ability the ruins of Quarr Abbey, seventy years after its 
dissolution. He opened some of the ancient barrows 
and examined their contents, though he seems scarcely 
to have apprehended the importance and meaning of 
his discoveries ; and he described the interiors and 
existing monuments of the churches of the Island, 



INTRODUCTION. XXXI. 

According to a memorandum in Latin among his papers, 
he intended writing a complete history and topography 
of his much loved isle, and biographies of all eminent 
natives. 

Such was Sir John Oglander, a man worthy of no 
mean place in the gallery he has portrayed of his con- 
temporaries ; if only for collecting and leaving behind 
him such a mass of information, at once varied and 
exact, of the state of the Isle of Wight and its inhabit- 
ants during the reigns of the first and second Stuarts, 
nowhere else to be found, and of authority unques- 
tionable. 



The Editor thinks it advisable to state, that wherever he 
met with more than one account of any subject or 
event in the MS., he selected the fullest, and inserted 
as far as possible in its proper place, generally 
without the alteration or addition of a single word, 
any additional fact or important variation that 
he found elsewhere. From the very unmethodical 
nature of the original entries, this gives in some 
places an appearance of repetition and disconnec- 
tion which is umivoidable. 



THE CAPTAYNES OF YE ISLAND. 



OCTOBER, 1626. In Henry ye Seventh tyine ye Lorde 
Woodvile, his wyfe's unkel, whoe went with 500 gentle- 
men and ffermors of this He into Britanye, to assist the 
Duke agaynst ye King of ffrance; wliere hee and ye 
flowre of owre Island weare all slayne. 1 In Henry VIII. 
tyine, one Waddam, 2 a Knt., whoe lyeth buryed in 
Caresbrooke Church with his wyfe, whoe wase sistor to 
Edward VI th mother. 

Aftor him, Sir James Woorseley, beinge Henry VIII th 
page, gott to marry Sir John Leygh his dawghtor, and 
lieyre of Apledorcombe, by whome Woorseley had all 
or most of his landes in ye Island, and ye Captayneship 
from his Maystor. 

Aftor him, his sonn, llychard Woorseley, whoe for 
religion wase putt forth in Queue Marie's reygne, and 

1 At the battle of St. Aubin, July 20th, 1488. 

2 Sir Nicholas Wadham, who was buried at Ilminater, Somerset; his wife 
Was aunt to Jane Seymour, mother of Edward VI. (trf vtit 



4 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

one Girlinge 1 putt in his roome ; but in Quene Eliza- 
beth's tyme he came in agayne, and for his lionnor had 
ye lettinge and gettinge of ye Queue's lands in the 
Island (ye bane of owre countery, and ye sale in fee 
fferme maye hereafter remedye that mischiefe). 

Sir Edward Horsey, aftor him, a brave sowldior, but 
assuminge to mutch ; he died of ye plauge at Haseley, 
where he soiurned with one Mistress Milles. 2 

There was not a hare, or very fewe, in owre Island, 
untill Sir Edward Horsey 3 was Captayne of ye Island in 
ye yeare 1574, at what tyme Sir Edward procured 
manie from his fryndes to be browght in alive, and pro- 
claymed that whoesoever woold bringe in a live hare 
shoold haue a lamb for him. By his care the Island 
was stored; wee had infinitie of connyes but not one 
hare, and I wisch his successors may be as careful in 
preservinge them as he wase in fyrst storinge. 

Aftor him, Sir George Carye, 4 a man beyond all 

1 In March, 1556, William Girlinge, Captain of the Island, and Richard 
Uvedale, Captain of Yarmouth Castle, with others, were committed to the 
Tower and Newgate, accused of a design to rob the Exchequer. The Dudleys, 
the brothers Horsey (Edward and Francis), Sir P. Carew, J. Throckmorton, 
and many others were implicated in the plot, which included a project to seize 
upon the Isle of Wight. Some of the conspirators escaped to France, a few 
were pardoned, but Throckmorton, Uvedale, and seven others were convicted 
and executed in April, 1556. 

2 See under Haseley and Arreton Church. 

3 1565 to 1582. His monument, with recumbent effigy, is in Newport 
Church. 

4 1582 to 1603. In 1596 he succeeded his father as second Baron Hunsdon. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 5 

ambitions, whoe, if owre forefathers had not stoode 
stiffly to itt, woold have browght us in subiection; hee 
wase ye fyrst that assumed ye name of Gotienour, and 
cawsed ye Lecturer soe to stile him; he bore himselfe 
soe by reason his fathor wase Lorde Chamberlen; it 1 
this mutch, he kept ye best hospitalitie at ye Castel as 
evor wase or will be kept there, and lived there. 

The Lorde of Sowthampton nexte, ye fyrste earle, 
therefore not willinge to lose anie of his predecessors' 
greatnesse, att his fyrst cominge he lived at ye Castel. 2 

Next ye Lord Conway, who nevor it sawe ye Island, 
but imployed his Liftennants, Sir Edward Dennis and 
Sir John Oglander. 

In the Lord Conway 's tyme, wee fyrst cawsed ye 
Lecturer and other preachers, in theyre prayers before 
ye sermon, to leave off prayinge for ye Captayne of 
owre Island by the name of Gouernour, for in my Lord 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Spencer, of Althorp, a lady as 
high minded as her husband, for she regarded but three ladies in the Island 
as suitable and fitting associates. These were Sir J. Oglander's mother, 
" Mistress Meux," wife of Sir John Meux, of Kingston, and " Mistress Hob- 
son," a Chelsea lady, and wife of "Old Mr. Hobson," of Ningwood. The 
Hobsons came into the Island about 1544; Thos. Hobson, Esq., in that year 
having exchanged the Manor of Marylebone, London, with the Crown, for the 
Manors of Ningwood, Wellow, Wilmingham, and Shalcombe, in the Isle of 
Wight. Their residence was at Ningwood. 

1 // " in Sir John's MS. always represents the adverb .>//. and is still 
uiicd in that sense in the Island. 

2 1603 to 1625. During the greater part of his Captaincy he lived at 
Standen, near St. George's Down. 



6 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

of Hunsdon's tyme and my Lord of Southampton's, ye 
minister, to insinuate into tlieyre greator favor, woolde 
stile so in tlieyre prayor, "Owre mooste woorthie 
Captayne and Gouernour;" but that woorde, Gouernour, 
wee have nowe cawsed to be cleane abolisched, if aftor 
adges will soe keepe itt, for there is noe readier waye 
to inthralle the Island then by makynge the Captayne 
to greate, and above all thinges kepe Westminster and 
Winchester Hall open for us, and lett him assume 
nothinge to himselve but martioll disciplyne. 

I can saye this mutch for ye Lord Conway, Vis- 
count Killultagh, that there wase nevor bettor core- 
spondence betwene this Island and the Captayne then 
in his tyme, for as it hee nevor sawe itt or trobled 
us ; and if there hath bene anie inthralment or infringe- 
ment of libertie, uniust taxe, or imposition, it hath bene 
Sir Edward Dennis' fawlte and mine, not his, whom I 
hope will be semper idem ; and as he hath doone us no 
hurt, soe in owre fortifications he hath doone us little 
good. Hee is a mere courtior, one that will promise 
mutch and p'forme nothinge, and for that hated of all; 
one that is ye Duke's creature, and becawse ye burges 
townes refused to give him places An'o Dom. 1628, in 
ye Parliament, as not letinge him have one, hee pro- 
fessed himselve noe frynd to ye Island in generoll, or his 
Liftennantes in p'ticular. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 7 

Of the gentlemen that lived An'o 1595, Mr. Kychards 
lived and dyed a dissembler. Woorsley, of Aschey, 
his many vayne tryckes argued an unsettled brayne. 

Sir John Meux was of a homely behaviour, as nevor 
havinge any breedinge or good naturales. Sir John 
Leygh was an honest gentilman, active and handsome, 
but no artist, nor overmutch beholdinge to Nature. 

Dennis and Lislie, as in them art gave littel assistance 
to Nature, so much of that they drowned by overmutch 
drynckinge. For the reste littel can be sayde. Woors- 
ley, of Apledorcombe, sate at helm, whose wisdome 
wase suffitient for all ye reste. 

Unthriftes in my tyme. 

Woorsley of Aschey, Cheeke of Motson, sold theyre 
patrimonie, and left ye Island. Thomas Cheeke, a 
lewde sonn of a discreete fathor, sowlde Motson to Mr. 
Dillington, 1G23. The awncestor (as grandfather of 
Fleminge, of Haseley) of Fleminge, sowlde wares by 
retayle in Xuporte decimo Eliz., he bowght Haseley of 
Milles. 

On ye 3rd of December, 1629, Sir John Meux de- 
parted this life; lie wase the veryest clown (of a gen- 
tleman) that evor the Isle of Wight bredd. As lie wase 
destitute of learninge, soe of humanitie and civillitie; it 



8 THE OGLANDEK MEMOIRS. 

although his clownisch Immour, a good honest man. If 
you will see ye picture of him, you may truly fynd it 
in his sonn Bartholomewe; 1 moore of his lyfe I cannot 
wryght, beinge of no greate woorth, only his sonn Bar- 
tholomewe woold report in ye mayneland that ther 
wase non woorth ye havinge in ye Island for a howse- 
keper but his fathor. 

Sir John Meux wase the fyrst knyght of ye name 
here in owre Island ; he had 2 sonns 2 and 2 dawghtors. 
Sir William, ye eldest sonn, marryed for his fyrst wyfe 
ye dawghtor 3 of Sir ffrancis Barrington. 

Sir William Meux wase as well a quallified gentleman 
as anie owre countery bredd; but of no spirite, for in 
my presence, Sir Edward Dennis to mutch braved him. 

The honest conceyt that I had to doo my countery 
good browght mee most mallice and ill-will ; for Anno 
1625 ye counsell wrought unto us to rate owre countery, 
both how manie weare fitt to lend ye kinge mony on 
privie scales, and how mutch; which, if wee refused, ye 
Shyre att lardge showld doo itt. Wee thinkynge herein 

1 He married a daughter of William Gerard, Esq., of Harrow-on-the-Hill, 
and from this marriage descended the present Sir Henry Meux, of Theobald's 
Park, Herts. 

2 William his heir, Bartholomew, Eleanor, and Mary. Sir John entered 
his pedigree at the Visitation of Hants in 1622. 

3 Winifred. The eldest son of this marriage, John, was created a Baronet, 
December llth, 1641. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

to doo owre countery a pleasure, imagininge ye mayne 
lancle woold deale with us moore hardlie then wee owre- 
selves, Sir Edward Dennies and myselve tooke upon us 
ye busines, wherein although wee dealte fayrely and 
honestlye it wee gayned mutch ill-will. Bee warned 
by example not to medle with ungrateful p'sons. 

The increasinge and inlardgement of owre Knyghton 
Coorte, 1 ye choyse of yeJudgesand other ryghtes of that 
Coorte, with ye pryviledge of the Island gentlemen not 
to be mayde High Shryffe, and a supplie of 1500 for 
owre fibrtes and store for owre castells wase, by my 
meanes and often solicitation to my Lorde Conway and 
others, obtayned. 

The manor of ye consecration of Yarmouth Church, 
which wase p' formed by ye Bischop of Salisbury, Doctor 
Davenett, 2 on ye llth of March, 1626, I beinge then 
present, and a greate many gentlemen of owre Island. 
Mr. Hyde, of Berkeshyre, beinge then Meyor, wlioe 

1 The Knighten Court, or Curia Miltium, instituted in early Norman times, 
was so called because the Judges were those who held a Knight's fee I'M capite 
from the lord of the Island, and who heard causes and gave judgment without 
a jury. The constitution of the Court was nearly the same as the " Sheriffs 
Court " in other parts of the kingdom, but its functions are now superseded by 
the County Court. 

2 Dr. J. Davenant, Bishop of Salisbury, 1621, died in 1641, with a great 
reputation for learning and piety. His exposition on the Epistle to the Colos- 
sians is his best known work. At the time of his consecration of Yarmouth 
Church, the see of Winchester was vacant, Bishop Andrewes dying in 1626, 
and his successor, Neile, was not translated from Durham till 1627. 



10 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

kept an Line, and there gave ye Bischop and all us en- 
tertaynement att a ordinarye. 

The Maior of Yarmouth, together with ye gentlemen, 
fyrst went to ye church, and stayed att ye west doore 
untell ye Bischop came. 

When ye Bischop came thethor, ye Maior made a 
shorte speche unto him, tellinge him that upon they re 
petition to ye Archbischope's Grace of Cantorberry, he 
wase pleased to graunt a commission to his Lordship in 
ye vacancye of ye seae of Winchester, to authorise him 
to consecrate theyre church, which he humbly intreated 
him accordingely to performe, and gave ye Bischop ye 
petition and ye commission. Then ye Bischop, stand- 
inge in ye midst of ye sayd west doore, redd ye towne's 
petition and ye commission ; after puttinge all out of ye 
church, standinge as before, he redd divors sentences owt 
of ye Psalmes. Then he and his 2 chaplens went into 
ye church, shutinge ye doores to them; aftor a shorte 
tyme ye doores weare opened and wee all came in and 
tooke owr places. Then ye Bischop, settinge in ye 
minister's seate under ye pulpett, reade a long sett 
prayer for ye consecration thereof, which, being ended, 
ye ordinarye minister begann ye ordinarye prayer, 
setting in ye geate oposite agaynst ye other; for his 
lessons he wase appoynted to reade ye 2nd of Cronicles, 
cap. 6, and part of ye 10th of St. John, verse 22, and so 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 11 

forward. After ye readinge of ye lessons and letanye, 
then ye Bischop stood up and reade a sette prayor, 
besechinge God bothe to blesse the church and all 
present and future service that showld be sayde there; 
to be alwayes present, and so effectualley to worke with 
His Divine Grace that ye soules may also receve a 
blessinge. Then ye minister went on with ye ordinary e 
prayor. Then one of the Bischope's chapleyns came 
foorth and redd ye Epistoll, beinge ye Corinthions, ye 
3rd cap., beginninge ye 1st verse. Then ye other 
chapleyne came in his roome and redd ye Gospele, 
beinge ye 2nd of John, beg'ng at ye 13th verse. Then 
ye Bischop redd an other prayor for God's blessinge and 
consecratinge ye church, and went up into ye pulpett 
and tooke for his texte ye 1st of Kinges, cap. 9, verse 
3rd. [Here Sir John gives a long analytical report of 
the Bishop's sermon^] 

In ye afternoone ye churchyarde wase consecrated in 
mannor and forme followinge : 

The Bis. wente rounde about ye churchyarde, which 
beinge ended, ye Bis. had a chayre brought unto him 
unclor ye midle colume of ye easte windowe, where he 
settinge downe, myselve standing by his chayre, he redd 
divors Prayors, besechinge God to sanctifie that place; 
that as the corne, soe the bodies hereaftor to be sowen 
in tliat grounde maye be rayson up at ye last daye. 



12 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Then wee all went to church, where ye ministor sayd 
prayors; ye fyrst lesoon wase Genesis ye 23rd, ye 
second John ye llth, and they sang ye 146th Psalme. 
Then Doctor Davenett, ye Bischop's chapleyne, went into 
ye pulpett, and tooke his text, Komans ye 13th, verse 
ye 14th. There wase a communion theyre, ye Bischop 
administred itt, myselve and many moore remayned. 
There wase olso a christening, the child of Petor 
Courteneye, named William, the fyrst that evor wase 
in that church cristened ; and Mr. Marvin Bourley, 
eldest sonn of Captayne Bourley, was ye fyrst that wase 
buryed there. 

When I fyrst came to Portesmouth, 1 I found there a 
poore, lame, decrepite fellowe, one Stocwell, a gounnor's 
sonne, but of a bowld spirit and an excellent witt. My 
wife hauinge compassion on him took him into ye howse, 
and made of him a kinde of jestor, and afterwardes he 
woold passe jestes both on ye Kinge, my Lorde of 
Buckinghame, and divors others. The Duke, one daye 
ridinge his posthorses a stage to farr, and then loosinge 
him and soe not payde, he told ye King that ye Duke 
had cheated him, and he woold haue lawe for him. The 
Kinge tolde him he gave his woord ye Duke shoold pave 
him; he answered, " Paye your owne debtes fyrst, and 

1 Sir John was Deputy Governor of Portsmouth, 1620 to 1624. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 13 

then I will take your woorde for others." The Duke 
deraaundynge of him what people sayde of him, he 
answered that they prayed God to blesse Kinge Charles, 
and ye divell to take ye Duke. 1 Whereupon ye Duke 
tolde him he wase a ryght rouge; he reply ed, "Noe, I 
am a crooked rouge, but itt seemeth that you are a 
ryght rouge." 

The Kinge comminge downe to Portesmoutb before 
ye Duke, asked him "What newes?" "What!" sayd 
he, "They saye ye Duke is mutch bownd unto you for 
comminge downe before to provide him lodginges. 
(Cum multis aliis.) 

Abowte ye beginninge of Awgust, 1628, my Lorde 
Mountioye, 2 base sonn of ye late Lorde Mountioye, 



1 March, 1627. Three fiddler* were brought before the Court of Star 
Chamber for singing a song against the Duke of Buckingham. The burden 
of it was 

' ' The clean contrary, 
O the clean contrary way, 
Take him, Devil, take him." 

They were sentenced to pay a fine of 500 each ; to be whipt and pilloried 
in Cheapside, Ware, and S taines ; and as they sang "the clean contrary way"- 
they were carried on horses from Westminster to Cheapside with their faces 
towards the horses' tails. 

2 Mountjoy Blount, created Baron Mountjoy, 1627, and Earl of Newport, 
August 3rd, 1628. He took part in the expedition to the Isle of Rhe in 1627, 
and was there taken prisoner. The King of France generously sent all his 
English prisoners without ransoms as a present to his sister, the Queen of Eng- 
land, and tld Mountjoy, who offered a good sum for his liberty, that he should 
pay no money, but on his return to England he could send him two couple of 
English hounds. The father of Blount was Sir Charles Blount, Ird Mount- 



14 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Earl of Devonshire, on ye bodye of my Lorde Eyche's 
wyfe, wase by ye Kinge created Earle of Nuporte in ye 
Isle of Wyglit. I myselve went unto him abowt ye 17th 
of ye same moonthe, and to be resolved asked of him 
wheathor itt wase Nuport in owre Island, there beinge 
moore Nuportes, and hee towld mee he wase bowlde 
with owre favors to take that homior upon him; he is 

ye fyrst Earle tliat evor wee had in owre Island 

What success this newe Earle may haue, who liathe ye 
title, butt noe lande or place therein, aftor adges shall 
see. This Earle of Nuport had bene made Earle of 
Portesmouth if itt had not bene for a cripled foole that 
I browght up theyre, when I lived att Portesmouth, that 
assumed in derision that name. This cripled foole not 
only hindered him from that honnor, but manie others 
that woold have taken itt (all honnor in those dayes of 
ye greate Duke being att sale). I in charitie browght 
him up, and aftorward.es by repay re of ye Duke and 
Lordes to Portesmouth, and theyre affectinge him, he 
grewe to that bowldnesse as to foole them all. 



joy, created Earl of Devonshire and K.G. in 1603, but better known as a suc- 
cessful Lord Deputy of Ireland, under Queen Elizabeth; and the friend of the 
unfortunate Earl of Essex. His mother was Penelope, sister of the Earl of 
Essex, the " Stella " of Sir P. Sidney, who against her will became the wife of 
Lord Rich, afterwards Earl of Warwick. Sir Charles was the father of several 
of her children, and after her divorce from her husband, married her in De- 
cember, 1605. At the death of the third Earl of Newport, without issue, in 
1681, the title became extinct. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 15 

October, 1626. Sir John Bourg, 1 my cosen germain, 
and commandor in cheife in ye Rochell voyge, before he 
went he wase here with mee in ye Island. Sir Henry 
Maynoweringe, 2 that quondam famous pirate, my 
wyfe's cosen germain wase then Surveyor of ye Navie, 
and wase olso then here witli me. One for land, ye 
other for seae, had not many equals. 

1627. Sir John Bourogh's bodye, my cosen germain 
and noble frynd, wase brought to Portesmouth for 
funerall ryghts ye fyrst of October, 1627, to ye generoll 
sorrowe of all trewe harted subjects, espetially of his 
kyndred. He was slayne in ye He of Eez. 

1 Sir John Burgh, or Burroughs, cousin perm an to Sir J. Oglander, was son 
of Sir John Burgh, Co. Lincoln, who married the second daughter of Anthony 
Dillington, of Knighton, I.W. He was born in 1571, and gained his first 
military experience in the Netherlands and under Count Manafeldt. He was 
knighted by King James I. in 1623, served as Colonel in Wimbledon's Expe- 
dition to Cadiz, 1625, and in the following year was granted 200 per annum 
for life. He was second in command under Buckingham in the Isle of I! h. . 
1627. " Sir John Burrows was slain viewing the works, and with him died 
all our hopes of good success." (Sir Rich. Qrenville'* Journal of the. Esite- 
i/if Km j. He was honourably interred at the cost of Charles I. in Westminster 
Abbey, "near the tomb of Sir Francis Vere, whose pupil he had been in the 
art of war" October 26th, 1627. 

2 Captain (afterwards Sir Henry) Main waring was the son of Sir Oeo. 
Mainwaring, Kt.. of Ighfield, Shropshire, by Anne, daughter of Sir William 
More, of Loseley, Surrey. In 1611 he was appointed Captain of St. Andrew's 
Castle, Hants; but soon growing dissatisfied with his lot, and longing for a 
more adventurous life, he threw up his command, and put to sea in the 
bark Nightingale, with the license of the Lord Admiral, under the pretext of 
making a voyage to Guiana. His first intention was to plunder the Spaniards 
beyond the line, but he no sooner reached the Straits of (iibraltar, than ho gave 
full vent to hispredatory inclinations. Lying otf CapeSpartel he captured every 



16 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

1627. My hop garden wase ye fyrst in ye Island 

Spanish vessel he could master, with now and then a Frenchman or Dunkirker; 
but he always respected the flag of his country. He overhauled a bark from 
Lubeck entering a Spanish port, and after rifling the cargo, dismissed the crew 
in peace. A Galway merchant on board claimed the cargo as his, and in proof 
of his assertion pointed out that the goods were consigned to an English factor 
for sale. Mainwaring anchored off the port, sent for the factor to come on 
board, and finding the statement of the merchant true, restored at once the 
whole of his plunder. When unable to keep the sea, or in need of a refit, 
he was always sure of a welcome with his prizes in the ports of the Emperor of 
Morocco. In 1616 he was in the Channel, and at Dover agreed to purchase a 
ship with her ordnance, belonging to Joachim Wardeman, of Lubeck, for 200; 
but not being used to this slow way of dealing, or perhaps not having the 
money, he seized the ship without payment. Wardeman complained to the 
King, who ordered the ship to be restored; and Mainwaring's crew being 
"stayed " when on shore, he found his occupation, if not gone, growing ex- 
ceedingly perilous, so he sought for and purchased a pardon, which was gran ted 
him in 1617. Mainwaring rapidly rose in favour; he was knighted in March, 
1618, and in 1620 was appointed Lieutenant of Dover Castle by Lord Zouch, 
Warden of the Cinque Ports; by whose order his crew had been "stayed" 
a few years before. Some time after, on receiving the Spanish Ambassador at 
Dover, he was pleasantly told by that dignitary ' ' that he would excuse him 
12 crowns out of the million he owed the Spaniards, if he would pay the rest." 
Though holding a responsible post under Government, he did not adapt his 
manners to his station, but still acted like an improvident roystering bucca- 
neer ; always ready for a carouse or brawl, not over scrupulous in his transac- 
tions, and preferring to hear the chimes at midnight anywhere but within 
the walls of Dover Castle. This could not last; complaints arose, and in 
March, 1623, Lord Zouch wrote to him from Bramshill, that in consequence of 
his conduct in frequent absences from the Castle, at Canterbury, and else- 
where, sleeping in the town at night, brawling and fighting in the street, and 
disorderly life generally, he requested him to resign his appointment. He 
proceeded to say that he wished to part fairly and quietly with him, but if 
he made any objection, he should be obliged to take some other course. 
Sir Henry attempted to defend his conduct, and tried hard to keep his place, 
the loss of which, he said, " would be ten times worse than if he had never 
enjoyed it." Finding that the Warden was determined to be rid of him, he 
applied to Secretary Conway for a Captain's place in a King's ship; which 
resulted in the Secretary writing to Lord Zouch, requesting that Mainwaring 
might go as Captain with the Earl of Rutland in the ship which was about 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 17 

tliat wase made accordinge to arte. I browght 2 men 

sailing for Spain to bring home Prince Charles and the Infanta, with the 
chance of resuming his office on his return. The Warden replied that he 
would have rejoiced at the preferment of his Lieutenant, but for his dis- 
pleasure at his cunning practices, that he hail already sent him a friendly dis- 
missal, and that he only held his place on condition of surrendering it when 
required to do BO. But rather than Mainwaring should be placed as a curb 
upon him, he would resign his own office, and retire into private life him- 
self. Sir Henry received his appointment as Captain under the Earl of Rut- 
land in the Prince Royal, which ship, with others for the voyage to Spain, being 
fitting out at Portsmouth, he proceeded thither, and in the absence of the Earl 
acted as Superintendent of the Meet. All possible expedition was required, 
and the Superintendent was equal to the demands of the occasion. In a 
letter to Rutland be says he had got things in strict order, had put his cox- 
swain in the bilboes for being drunk; and a man who stole a jerkin was, by 
his command, ducked at the yard-arm, and then towed ashore at the stern 
of a boat and dismissed. In August, 1623, while the ships were lying at 
Portsmouth, James I., who had been staying at Beaulieu in the New Forest 
for some days, paid an unexpected visit to the fleet, and dined on board the 
Prince Royal, where in the absence of the Earl of Rutland, Sir Henry probably 
received the King. On the return voyage from Spain, he succeeded in gaining 
the favourable notice of Prince Charles, who shortly after his return in No- 
vember, 1623, wrote to Lord Zouch, requesting him to reinstate Mainwaring 
as his Lieutenant at Dover. Zouch, in his reply to Secretary Nicholas, stated 
that rather than restore the place to Mainwaring, he would go to execution, or 
submit to any punishment. Mainwaring succeeded in persuading the Prince 
that he had been hardly treated and wronged by Lord Zouch, but Lord Car- 
lisle said it was injurious to believe the assertions of such a man against " an 
ancient baron, grave counsellor, and religious, well-deserving gentleman." 
By the direction of the Warden, a paper containing the reasons for the dis- 
missal of Sir Henry was presented to the Council, with a statement signed by 
the Clerk of Dover Castle, the Sergeant of the Admiralty Records there, and 
others, declaring that during Mainwaring's lieutenancy, he was often absent 
from the Castle, so that warrants could not besigned.nor oaths administered; that 
to remedy this he would sign blank warrants, and leave them with the Clerk to 
fill up aa he pleased; and that by running into debt and keeping low company, 
he degraded his office. That he had endeavoured to get possession of 8,000 
or 9,000 which was in the charge of the Sergeant of the Admiralty, but not 
Mucceeding, he vainly persuaded the Sergeant to cheat the merchants who were 
the owners, by tearing the bags and mixing all the money together, so that 

E 



18 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

from Farnam to plant myne, and I haue had in itt 

none of the owners should know their own. These representations settled the 
matter, Sir Henry was never replaced, and soon afterwards Sir John Hippisley 
was appointed Lieutenant of Dover Castle. Exasperated by his dismissal and 
the loss of his emoluments, Mainwaring in March, 1624, opposed the election of 
Zouch's nominees for Dover, Sir R. Young and Sir E. Cecil, and succeeded in de - 
priving them of their seats, as not being elected according to law. In the same 
year, Lord Zouch being old and infirm; on consideration of 1,000 ready money, 
and .500 per year for life, resigned his patent as Lord Warden of the Cinque 
Ports to the Lord Admiral, Buckingham; with a special proviso that the Clerk 
of Dover Castle and the Sergeant of the Admiralty should retain their places , 
and that the Duke should not admit Sir H. Mainwaring to any office in the 
ports, on account of his labouring for the disgrace of Lord Zouch, both in 
Court and in Parliament, and threatening revenge on the poor men who testi- 
fied to his misdemeanours. This arrangement does not seem to have much 
affected his interest at Court, as in 1626 he was appointed one of the special Com- 
missioners for inquiring into the state of the Navy; and in 1637 he was one of 
the Captains selected by the King for service under Sir John Pennington. He 
was an unsuccessful candidate for the Surveyor-ship of the Navy in 1639; but 
in the same year sailed as Vice-Admiral to Sir J. Pennington in the Rainbow 
for Scotland, and took on board at Berwick and Newcastle a number of 
Scottish prisoners, whom he conveyed to London, but shortly after their 
arrival they were all set at liberty. In the Civil War Sir Henry supported 
the Royal cause, and was with Lord Hopton in Cornwall; and in 1647 he 
with other impecunious Cavaliers was at Jersey with the young Prince Charles, 
afterwards Charles II. When the Prince left Jersey for France, Mainwaring 
still remained there, then being an old man between 70 and 80 years of age. 
Here, in his leisure hours, he entertained the simple-minded chronicler of the 
Island, Jean Chevalier, with the most astounding recitals of his adventures 
and heroic feats in his freebooting days ; how the Emperor of Morocco and him- 
self were on such familiar terms, that they always addressed each other as 
" brother;" that on one occasion being attacked by a superior force, after ex. 
pending all his shot, he loaded his guns with pieces of eight, and repulsed the 
enemy; and finally, that he rescued Charles I. when Prince of Wales in Spain 
from the Spaniards, and at the same time beguiled several Spanish Grandees 
aboard his ship, and brought them captives to England, to his own and the 
King's advantage. Sir Henry in his old age must have been a garrulous and 
agreeable companion, who knew well how to spin " a sailor's yam." After 
this we hear no more of him, and he probably died before the Restoration in 
1660. (Mostly from State Papers, Domestic Series, 1610 to 1640, passim; and 
ChfvaJifr's Journal. ) 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIKS. 19 

lOOOlbs. of hoppes in a yere, beinge not full an aker of 
growfid. 

1627. Owre harvest, by reason of ye coldness of ye 
suiinnor, and ye greate fall of rayne in August and 
September, wase not inned till Michaelinasse, and soome 
long aftor ; mutch barlie wase spoyled. and almost all ye 
ftatches. 

Tlie seae haue infinitely eaton upon o\vre Island, 
witnesse Saiulam Castell. I haue spoken with divors 
that haue played att bowles on firme grownd betwene 
ye seae and ye Castell ; manie trees weare standinge 
there, whose rootes I myselve haue sene, and manie 
others. As it is an honnor for owre Island to haue 
neythor ffoxe or Papist in it, 1 soe it is an imputation or 
taxe that is laved on itt, nevor or seldome to be guilltie 
of bredinge a hansom woman or horse. Tempora 
mutant. I can saye that noe part of Englande the 
quantitie considered hathe produced moore exquiscite in 
eythor species then this Island. 

1 "' The Isle of Wight hath no monks, lawyers, or foxes.' This speech 
hath more mirth than truth in it. That they had monks I know, black ones 
at Uarisbrook, white ones at Quarre. That they have lawyers they know, 
when they pay them their fees." (Fuller'* Worthie*, " I/amjtitliire. ") "The 
inhabitants of this Island be wont to boast merely, that they neyther had 
amongst them monks, lawiers, wolfes, nor foxes; yet I find them all save one 
in one monaaterie called Quarre, valued at 134 of yearly revenue." ( Lom- 
bard, Topographical Dirtt/., under " Wiyht.") 

E2 



20 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

I knewe when there wase not above 3 or 4 howses at 
Cows, and I was and am p'swaded that if owre warres 
and troobles had not unfortunately hapened, it woold 
haue growen as famous as Nuport. For itt wase by 
all ye Easteron partes of ye wordle mutch aproved as a 
place fitt for them to vittel, and to make a randevouz, 
where I haue sene 300 shipes at an an cor. And if ye 
countery had but soe mutch discreation as to make good 
use of that harbor, as fyrst to haue an honest man to 
be Captayne there, to bwyld storehowses, to haue by a 
joynte stocke a magazen of all provisions, to deale with 
ye Dutch, and to haue that they re randevouz, and to 
victell there, they neede noe other markett or meanes 
to make ye Island hapie and fortunate. 

1627. The Isle of Wyght, since my memorie, is 
infinitely decayed, for eythor itt is by reason of soe 
manie Attourneys that hathe of late made this theyr 
habitation, and soe by swytes ondone ye countery, for 
I have knowen one Attourneye bringe downe aftor 
terme 300 wrytes ; I have olso knowen 20 nisi prius of 
owre counterye tryed at an assise; when as inyeQueene's 
tyme wee had not 6 wrytes in a yeare, nor one nisi 
prius in G years; or else wantinge ye good bargaynes 
they weare woont to bwye from men of warre, who olso 
vented all owre commodities att verie high pryces, and 
readie monye wase easie to be hadd for all thinges. Now 



THE OGLANDEU MEMOIRS. 21 

peace and lawe hath beggared us all, soe that within 
my memorie manic of ye gentlemen and almost all ye 
Yeomandrie ar undon. 

Gosson, Ayres, and Redman weare three Attourneys, 
who with theyre stirringe up of swytes betwene ye 
flermors and Yeomandrie, they utterlye undon ye whole 
communalitie. 

1627. Owre Hygh Constables uevor apeared att ye 
Assises, beinge exempted for theyre daylie attendance 
at hoome; and wee nevor payde anytlnnge to ye gaole 
till 1624, and we gott a privie scale to exempte us from 
ye Shryffealte. 

I haue herd itt by tradition and partlye know itt to 
be true, that not onlye heretofore there wase no lawyer 
nor attournye in owre Island; but in Sir George Carey's 
tyme an Attournye comminge to settle in ye Island, 
wase by his commaunde, w r ith a pownd of caudels 
lyghted hanginge att his breeche, with belles abowt his 
legges, hunted owt of ye Island: insomutch as owre 
awncestors lived here soe quietly and securelie, beinge 
neythor troobled to London nor Winchester, soe they 
seldome or nevor went owt of ye Island, insomutch as 
when they went to London (thinkynge itt a East India 
voiage) they alwaies made theyre willes; supposinge 



22 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

noe trooble lyke to travayle. How thinges are since 
altered tymes present doe manifest e. 

1627. Itt wase one of ye beste thinges for ye 
Islanders ye sellinge of ye Kinge's landes in fee fferme 
within owre Island. Itt hath mutch abated ye greatnes 
of ye Captayne, and was hindered by ye Earle of 
Sowthampton 1 what he coold; but he goinge a Colonell 
in ye Lowe Couutery, in his absense itt wase graunted. 
My Lorde of Holdernesse begged Appse and Wroxall, 
and sowlde it to Mr. Baskett; and my Lorde of 
Anglesey 2 begged Buckham, Thorley, and Ugden, and 
sowlde one to Knowles and the other to Streapor and 
March. I myght haue dealte in anie of them for my 
owne, butt I findings ye Parliament wase mutch discon- 
tented with ye sale of soe mutch of ye Kinge's landes, 
or ye givinge awaie soe mutch of ye Crowne lande, 
and tawlked of makinge an act of resumption, or revo- 
cation, I forebore ; and owt of that meanes lost manie a 
good bargayne. For Mr. Redman, an Attournye, bowght 
of ye Duke of Buckingham, Thorneys and Bordwood 
fforest, for soe mutch as ye wood on them wase woorth. 

1 Captain of the Island 16031625. He died in the Netherlands at 
Bergen-op-Zoom. 

2 Christopher Villiers, youngest brother of George Villiers, Duke of Buck- 
ingham, created Earl of Anglesey 1623. He died 1030, and on the decease of 
his son without issue in 1659, the title became extinct. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 23 

1627. I haue knowen at oure Ordinarie at Nuport, 
of Islanders 12 knyghtes and as many gentlemen, and 
nowe scarce any. Tempora mutant. 

When this Island wase fortunate and inioyed ye com- 
panie of Sir Edward Horsey, my Lord Hunsdon, or my 
Lord of Sowthampton, then it flowrished with gentlemen. 
I have sene with my Lord of Sowthampton on St. 
George's Downe at Bowles, from 30 to 40 knyghtes and 
gentlemen, where owre meetinge wase then twyse every 
weeke, Tuesdayes and Thursdayes, and wee had an 
ordinarie theyrc, and cardes, and tables. Mutamur. 
The gentlemen wliich lived in ye Island in ye 7th yere 
of Kinge James his reygue, all lived well, and weare 
moste commonly at owre ordinarie, viz., Sir Eobert 
Dyllington, Sir Ey chard Worseley, Sir Thomas Flemminge 
(Lord Chefe Justice of England), Sir Thomas Flemminge 
his sonn (liis grandfather sowld small wares in Nuport), 
Sir Rychard White 1 (he maryed Sir Ey chard Worseley 's 
mother), Sir John Meux, 2 Sir John Leygh, Sir William 
Lisle, Sir Bowyer Worsely of Aschey, who sowld all to 
Thos. Cotelle, Esq., Sir John Eychards, Sir J. Dingley, 3 
Sir John Oglander, Sir Edward Dennis, owld Mr. 
Eychards, owld Mr. Bowreman, 4 Mr. Barnabye Leygh, 
Mr. Cheeke of Motson, whose sonn sowld all ; Mr.Dylling- 

1 "A follower of the Earl of Southampton." 3 Of Wolverton. 

2 Of Kingston. 4 Of Brooke. 



24 THE OGLANDEH MEMOIRS. 

ton, who will bwye all, Mr. Bowrenian, Mr. Cheeke of 
Merston, Mr. Lislie of Briddle.sford (went to dawghtors), 
Mr. Barnabye Colnet of Pann, his sonu sowld all ; Mr. 
German Eychards, 1 Mr.Wayght,Mr.Earlsmanof Calbron, 
Mr. William White, Mr. Eichard Baskett, 2 Mr. Eyce of 
Bangboriie, Mr. Leygh of Bradinge, Mr. Hobson, 3 fathor 
and sonn, Mr. Urrye of Thorley, nowe Gatcombe, Mr. 
Philip Flemminge of Comeley, Mr. John Worseley of 
Gatcombe, Mr. John Harvey of Avington, Mr. Emanuel 
Badd (Hygh Shryffe, 1627), a brewer; Mr. John Leygh, 
sonn of Mr. Barnabye, since knyghted. Fermors, Mr. 
Urrey of Awghton, Mr. E. Knyght of Landguard, 
Streapor, 4 Legge, 5 Fitchett,Shambler, 6 Wavell, 7 Lovinge, 8 
Sampson, Champion. 9 

1627. May 30. On Wensday in ye aftornoone, one 
Granger, Captayne of a small man of warre belonginge 
to Mr. James of Portesmouth, beinge on ye Sowthsyde 
of ye Island, spyed a fleete of Hollanders of 22 sayle, 

1 Of Yaverland. 2 Of Apse. 3 Of Ningwood. 4 Of Hale. 

5 Of Stenbury; the estate belonging to the Worsley family. John Worsley 
of Appuldurcombe, who died 1580, appointed William Legge of Stenbury one 
of his executors, and by his will left him a legacy of 4 and 3 yearly, 
during the minority of his heir, for his good advice and aid. 6 Of Arreton. 

7 In the north aisle of Arreton Church is a brass plate in memory of David 
Wavell, 1629. 

8 Of Langbridge, in the parish of Newchurch. On a stone near the south 
porch of Northwood Church, which has probably been removed from some other 
place, is : " Heare lyeth the bodye of Thomas Loving, march ant, the sone of 
Edward Loving, and was buryed the 18th of July, An'o D'ni, 1625." 

9 Of Carisbrooke. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 25 

wherof one Sir Larrance Eeull wase Admirall ; he 
presentlye tooke tliem for Spaniardes, and came into 
ye Island and sent intelligence by lettor to Sir Edward 
Dennis that he had espyed a fleete of Spaniardes att 
seae, (ye coppie of which lettor is in my boxe) ; wher- 
upon Sir Edward sent ye verie lettor to Portesmouth ; 
whethor when itt came a Weusday by 4 of ye clocke, 
ye Towne rose all in armes, and aprehended as mutch 
feare as if an inemy had bene att ye gates. Hygham, 
Maystor Gunnor, hasted awaye a poste with this intel- 
ligence to my Lorde Stuarde, wliich came to ye Coun- 
sell and to my Lorde Ducke's knowledge by 2 ye 
same nyght; hee presentlye commaunded downe all ye 
Collonels to theyre chardges; hether came Brett and 
Sprye by Fridaye noone, ye Ducke himselve posted to 
ye Downes, vowinge he woold not staye, butt woold 
fyght with them with those shipes that weare then 
readie. On Sattordaie morninge followinge by 7 in 
ye morninge came ye Ducke downe with 22 sayle into 
Stoakes Baye (on a smaler inteligence and falce never 
followed a busines of greator consequence), for all 
London and most of England had a nelinge of itt, and 
possesed with feare or armes. My Lorde of Killultagh 
(Con way) rode downe post to us (whose letter is lykewyse 
in my studye). Although all preceded from nothinge, it 
ye eflectes myght be made useful, botlie to use moore 



26 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

celeritie in owre action, and moore vigilancie and 
bettor inteligence from fforayne states, soe that no- 
thinge myght hapen unexpected or unknowen. Ye 
Kinge himselve toold me that ye Maior of Portesmotith 
certifyed him by poste of 60 sayles of Spanisch shipes 
that weare makinge for Portesmouth, which wase ye 
cause hee soe hasted awaie my Lorde Ducke of Buck- 
ingame. When ye newes wase of ye comminge of ye 
Spanische fleete, ye Ducke comminge to take his leave of 
ye Queene, towld her nowe he wase goinge agaynst ye 
Spaniardes he hoped shee woold wisch him good 
fortune; her replie wase not onlie agaynst ye Spani- 
ardes, but olso agaynst all ye Kinges inemyes shee 
woold both wische and pray for his good fortune. 1 

1 A veritable scare, which thoroughly alarmed London and the Southern 
Coast. "On Wednesday at six in the evening, came a post to Court from 
Portsmouth without letter for haste, but as eye-witness of a fleet discovered 
near the Isle of Wight of about 70 sail of ships. At eight the same evening 
came a second post thence with letters of confirmation thereof, and that there 
were great ships double decked. And yesterday morning at six came the third 
post, with the like news. This sight hath put the country thereabout in great 
fear. And the Duke hereupon at nine yesterday morning (though his Grace 
on Monday was ill and took a vomit) took post from Lambeth towards Dover, 
there to take order for the safety of that castle, and that the King's navy, 
which now lies most in the Downs, may do what may be against this fleet if 
it prove Spanish." "An alarm from Portsmouth of a Spanish fleet made my 
Lord Duke take post the same day towards the Downs, to embark himself the 
next morning in the ships that were already there for the expedition of the 
fleet to the number of 23 or 24 ; with the which, having an exceeding good 
wind, he made after the pretended Spaniards, whom he found to be Ham- 
burghers and Hollanders together, laden with salt; so as without any further 
exploit His Grace took land again at Portsmouth, and came back to the Court 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 27 

1627. For my parte, I thinke ye chardge that by 
Sir George Gary wase bestowed on Caresbrooke Castel 
wase to no purpose, and I shoold be loft on any 
occasion to mewe myselve up there. If that chardge 
had beene bestowed upon ffreschwater Gate, itt myght 
have made itt both invincible and a brave receptacle 
for us, and owre cattel, if att any tyme wee should be 
beaton at ye landinge. I am now indeavouringe in 
these daungerous tymes to see weathor I cann willinglie 
and voluntarilie rayse a 100 horse in owre Island, 
beinge ye beste thinge for owre defence; they to con- 
tinue no longer then wee have wars with ff Vance, and to 
turne all owre fildpeces into Drakes ; what good service 
we doe must be done at ye landinge. 

The names of those that we desior may find light 

horses : 

St. ffellens, Jno. Fitchett 1 

Mr. Badd 1 Win. Streapor l 

Thos. Woolferey 1 John Nuland l 

The Personage 1 

Bradinge Haven 1 



Sir Edward Dennis 2 

Sir John Oglander 2 Godtkitt. 

The Ladie Rychardes 1 The Ladie Worseley 1 

Mr. Knyght 1 Mr. Ryce 1 

Thos. Knyght 1 Petor Gard 1 



on Saturday night." (Letters of Mead and Beaulieu to Sir Thos. Pwkeriny, in 
"Court and Times of Chat. I," Vol I.) 



28 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIKS. 



Rychard Coleman 1 

Mr. Legge 1 

The Personage 1 



Nyghton. 

Nicholas Nuraan 1 

Matthewe Arnole 1 

John Horden 1 



Nuchwrch. 

Mr. Dyllington 2 

Mr. Baskett 1 

Mr. Cuttele 1 

The Personage 1 

Mr. Lovinge 1 

Wroxall Ferine 1 



Wotton, 

Sir Wm. Lislie 2 

Mr. Thos. Lislie 1 



Nuport. 

Mr. Beale 1 

Mr. March 1 

Mr. Swalterton 1 

Mr. Broad 1 

Mr. Ayres 1 

Mr. Edward Leygh 1 

Mr. Adams 1 

Mr. Win. Searle 1 



Mr. Nicholas Searle 1 

Mr. Kent 1 

Mr. Goter 1 

Widdowe Rawlins 1 

12 

Arreton. 

Mr. Cheeke 1 

Mr. Shambler 1 

Arreton Ferme 1 

The Personage 1 

Comeley 1 

Haseley 1 

David Wavill 1 

llafe Reddon 1 

Robert Holebrooke 1 

James Melliscli 1 

Edward Herbert 1 

David Budden 1 

Thos. Reddon 1 

13 

Caresbrook. 

Mr. Champion 1 

Mr. Earlsman 1 

Mr. Jene 1 



Shalfelet. 

Mr. Hobson 1 

The Ferme 1 

The Personage 1 

Hezechias Legge 1 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 29 

Chale. Shorwell. 

The Ferme 1 Sir John Dinglie 1 

Wm. Numan 1 Mr. Leygh 1 

The Personage 1 



1627. Sir Alexander Brettes 1 and Sir Henry Spries 2 
to Eegimentes came unto us abowght ye 6th of May, 
1627, and staied with us untel ye 21st and 24th of June 
folio winge. Wee att fyrst thought owre Island coold not 
have vittualed them, but wee found noe want of pro- 
visions, and seeinge we weare well payde for theyre 
borde coold have bene content on ye same conditions to 

1 Son of James Brett, Esq., of Hoby, Leicester, by Ann Beaumont, sister 
of Mary, Countess of Buckingham, mother of the Duke. He was slain in the 
Isle of Rhe, 1627. 

2 A brave soldier, who died soon after his return from the Isle of Rhe 
expedition. A contemporary letter says "Sir Henry Spry, one of the com- 
manders of the Isle of Rhe, since his return is dead. His lady being much 
joyed at his coming home, but seeing him dejected, and not to answer her with 
like gratulation, asked him how he did; to whom he answered 'Though I 
am returned safe, yet my heart is broken, ' expressing great sorrow and com- 
passion for those commanders who were slain in his sight, and as his modesty 
made him say, all far superior unto himself ; and thus died within a day after. " 
(Mecule. to Sir S. Stuteville, Dec. la, 1627. ) Sir H. Spry's regiment came into the 
Island about May 27th. It was the intention of the Government to have 
quartered about 3000 men in the Island, as its position prevented their deser- 
tion ; but through the representations of Sir J. Oglander and Sir E. Dennis to 
the Council, that the Island was entirely exhausted by supplying Brett's regi- 
ment, and that if 2000 men in addition were billetted on them, all, with 
themselves, would live in miserable scarcity, if not perish from want ; only 
Sir H. Spry's regiment was sent over from Southampton. (S.P. Dom., May 5, 
1627.) From Sir JohnV own account, it appears that things turned out better 
than he anticipated. 



30 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

have kept them longer; it at ye first wee made a re- 
straynt of all provisions to be exported owt of owre 
Island, ye greatest want wee found wase want of con- 
venient lodginges. 

There wase bilited in ye Tsle of Wyght, ye 10th of 
May, 1627, 1000 sowldiors, beinge Sir Alex. Brettes 
Regiment. I wase often with Sir Edward Dennis at ye 
Counsell boorde to procure owre libertie and fredom 
from soe troubelsom a bourthen, but Brett being cosen 
germain to ye Duke, wee coold not prevayle, but 
departed with promises booth of money for them that 
they my ght be no chardge, and olso of a sudden 
departure. Brett, ye Collonel, and Sir Thomas Thorne 
the Liftenant, weare with theyr Companyes bilited in 
Nuport, where if they had money, all ye reste showlde 
haue been there olso. Sergeant Maior Fryor 1 att Mr. 
Kingswelles, his Companye att Casebrook and Buckam; 
Captayne ffennelthorpe with mee, he beinge my ac- 
quayntance, his Companye in Bradinge ; Brett 2 att 
Mr. Ryce's, his Companye at Godshill; Eychardes at 
Knyghton, liis Companye at Nuchurch; Babington att 
Mr. Erlesman's, his Company at Caleborn; Moldes- 
woorth at Mr. Cheke's, his companye in Arreton ; Gilpin 

1 Afterwards Sir Thos. Fryer. Buckingham was speaking to him when 
he was stabbed by Felton at Portsmouth. 

2 Taken prisoner in the Isle of Rhe. He was afterwards Deputy-Gover- 
nor of Portsmouth under Lord Wimbledon. 



THE OGLAXDER MEMOIRS. 31 

at Brook, himselve at Mr. Booremaii's; Preston 1 at Mr. 
Hobson's, his Companye att Yarmouth. 

1627. The 1st of June by his Ma ties Commission 
there went owt of Stoake's Baye 2 of ye Kinge's shipes 
and 8 other (ye 2 Captaynes of ye Kinoes wase Best 
and Weddal) to goe to Haber de Grace, and theyre to 
take, bringe awaye, spoyl, or burne as many shipes as 
they cowld find. Tliis wase ye fyrst hostil breache by 
Commisson p'formed betweene ffrance and us, the succes 
of those Warres, although those shipes did nothings, it 
the continuance thereof will cause us Islanders to 
mourne in sackclothe and asches, and to repente itt 
with ye losse of owre goodes, if not lives. Deux 
avertat. 

I wase ye fyrst in ye Island that aftor ye Itochell 
voyge provided a howse for my children in ye mayne, 
and sent them thethor. 

1627. Kinge Charles came to owre Island ye 20th 
of June, 1627, beinge Wensday, he came ashore att 
Ride, where onlie myselve wase to attend him. He 
wase landed by 9 in ye morninge, sooner than ye gen- 
tlemen expected; wee had not notice of itt butt ye 
night before, it I took sutch order that my coatch wase 
there, and soome 40 horses. I wayghted on him from 

1 Slain in the Isle of Kin- Mr. H<>hnii*R house w:w at Ningwood. 



32 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Ride to Arreton Downe, and wase his gwide on ye 
Downe. He saw Sir Alex. Brette's Regiment trayne, 
whych wase ye motive that browght him over. I had 
ye honor to kiss his Mat ies hand, beinge presented unto 
him by ye Lorde Chamberlen, and att his goinge awaye 
agayne which wase abowght 3. All ye gentlemen with 
myselve had ye lyke honor. The Company e that came 
with him wase The Duke, 1 the Earles of Mongom- 
mery, 2 Suffolke, 3 Rutland, Holland, 4 Northampton, 5 and 
Sowthampton ; Lordes ye Lordes St. John, 6 Compton, 7 
Selinger, 8 President of Mounster, Young Villers, 9 Vi- 
count Somersettj^Jermain^Terrett, 12 Sir John Finnet, 13 

1 Buckingham. 

2 Philip Herbert, Lord Chamberlain to Chas. I., who in 1630 succeeded his 
brother as Earl of Pembroke. 

3 Theophilus Howard, K.G., Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 
and subsequently Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. 

4 Henry Rich, first Earl Holland, beheaded 1649. 

5 William Compton, created Earl of Northampton 1618. 

6 Oliver St. John, oldest son of the first Earl of Bolingbroke, summoned 
to Parliament by writ in the lifetime of his father. 

7 Spencer Compton, son of the Earl of Northampton, summoned to Parlia- 
in his father's lifetime by the title of Lord Compton. He was killed at the 
battle of Hopton Heath, 1643. 

8 Sir William St. Leger, Lord President of Munster, 1627. His grandson 
was created Viscount Doneraile 1703. 9 Christopher Villiers, Earl of Anglesea. 

10 Thomas Somerset, third son of the Earl of Worcester, created Viscount 
Somerset 1627. He died unmarried in 1651, when the title became extinct. 

11 Sir Thomas Jermyn, Treasurer to the Household. His son Henry was 
created Baron Jerrayn in 1643, and in 1660 Earl of St. Albans. 

12 Sir Edward Tyrwhitt, of Stainfield, County Lincoln. His son and succes- 
sor, Sir Philip, suffered much for his attachment to the royal cause in the Civil 
Wars. 

13 Sir John Finett, Master of the Ceremonies to James I. and Charles I., and 
author of "Finetti Philoxenis," published 1656: a work chiefly on precedence 
and court etiquette. 



THE OGLANDEli MEMOIRS. 33 

Sir Henry Maynoweringe, Sir Eobert Dennie, Sir Eobert 
Carr. His Ma tie neythor eate nor dranke in owre Island. 
On owre complaynt unto him lie promised wee shoould 
liaue Sandam Castell repayred (which I showed afarr 
of unto him, together with ye consequenses thereof), a 
ffbrte at St. Hellens, munition for owre countery, and 10 
or 20 shipes of his to be still resident in Portesmouth 
Harbour; to mutch and to happie wee if p'formed. I 
tawlked unto him of manie thinges between ye Downe 
and Eide; and amongst other thinges his Ma tie sayed 
that ye Maior of Portesmouth sent him worde (on 
Granger's alaram) that there weare 60 Spanische shipes 
makinge for ye Island ; when Granger's lettor mentioned 
butt 28; hee towld us hee wondered when wee knewe 
ye alaram to be false that wee sent him not worde of 
itt. I told him wee knewe not that ye Maior of Portes- 
mouth had soe indiscreetely certifyed his M* Ue> or anie 
ocasion given to minister sutch a certifycate. His M atlc 
knyghted in ye ffylde Sir Henry Sprie's Liftenant 
Collonel, one Tolekerne, and Sir Alex. Brette's Serieant 
Maior, one Thomas Fryer, a goode stout gentleman. 
Itt wase att ye Duke's request. Owre companye met 
not theyre by reason of ye sudden and shorte warninge. 
My Lorde Conway himselve came not, 1 but sent his 
excuse, and left ye bourthen on us. 

1 Conway, in a letter to Nicholas, June 19, says that the King regard- 

w 



34 THE OGLANDEU MEMOIRS. 

My Lortle Vicount Conway came into owre Island ye 
14tli of September, 1627, hauinge bene Captayne thereof 
bettor than 2 yeres before, and had nevor scene itt, but 
commaunded itt by Sir Edward Dennis and Sir John 
Oglander; and his cominge then wase thought to bee 
by ye commaund of his M atie - He landed at Gournard, 
where all ye gentlemen met him, and browght him 
to ye Castell. When he came too Nuport, I cawsed 
Elgor ye schoolemaystor to provyde an oration, which 
wase mayde unto him att ye schoolemaystor's doore 
by Keelinge, one of ye schollers; then ye Maior 
mett him with his Bretheren with tender of wyne and 
cakes. Cominge neare ye Castell, ye companye of Bwoj r es 
mett him and skirmished before him, and allyghtinge 
ye ordnaunce saluted him. There came with him only 
Sir Francis Onslowe, and Sir Thos. Jarvis, one of his 
Debuties in ye mayne. On Mondaye cominge to viewe 
Sandham and St. Hellens, hee, with all ye gentlemen of 
ye Island, dined att my howse. On Wensdaye morn- 
inge wee had a generoll mowster, and he dined that 
daye att my Ladye Woorseley's. Thursdaye hee went 
and sawe ffreschwater and Yarmouth, hauinge sent pro- 
visions to Thorlie hee dined there. This wase all his 

ing the state of Conway's health, which "by an extraordinary motion might 
be greatly hazarded " had dispensed with his attending him to the Isle of 
Wight ; and that he was advised by his physicians to return to London. 
S, P., Dom.,1627. 



THE OGLANDEU MEMOIRS. 35 

journies, and on ye 19th from Blackedge 1 he went o\vt 
of owre Island. Concerninge liis p'son, liee was olde, 
unwildie, and verie sickly; neythor fitt for ye employe- 
ment or commannd. Certaynely hee had bene a braue 
fellowe, as nowe a courtier ; hee had excelent gwyftes of 
nature, but noe arte ; spoke verie well, with manie good 
woordes and complimentes ; affable and courteous to all ; 
with manie lardge promises to divors in theyre p'ticu- 
lars, as olso moste espetiollie for ye state and publicke 
good of ye Island in generoll; of which promises wee 
tooke holde and made use of, shewinge him, and by 
wryghtinge, givinge him a trewe noate and viewe of all 
owre wantes and defectes. Now wee are to expect his 
woorth by his willingnes (if not abilitie) and forwardnes 
bothe for his owne honor and owre safetie. 

On ye 18th of September, 1627, theye came in att 
St. Hellens 3 Dutch 2 sliipes from ye East India, ritchly 

1 Blackedge, a place not far from West Cowes, near what is now called 
Egypt. 

2 "At the suit of the East India merchants the King hath stayed at Ports- 
mouth three great ships of the Dutch company, that were coming richly laden 
out of the East, to do himself and the English company that right and satis- 
faction which he could not get by fair means of the Hollanders' hands, for the 
murder of Amboyna, and divers other wrongs which they have received from 
them and by them in those parts. The States Ambassador doth much bestir 
himself about the business, and some think he will get the ships released." 
(Bf.aulifu to Puckrriny, Sept. 26, 16^7.) Against the wish of the English East 
India Company, the three ships after a detention of several months were re- 
leased, to prevent war with the Dutch, which consequence, being already 
engaged in hostilities with France and Spain, the King was anxious to avoid 

F2 



36 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

laden; owre State hauinge intelligence of itt cawsed 
them to bee by some of his M atie8 ships arested, for ye 
losse and murther bv them comitted on owre Englische 

v O 

att Amboyna in ye East India ; satisfaction beinge divors 
tymes promised. What ye event will be God kuoweth, 
but I am sure if my Lorde Conway had not bene att ye 
same tyme in ye Island, there had beene a bloudie 
fyght. " 

1627. Wee had a Scotch Regyment under ye Earle 
Morton that was billetted in owre Island; they came in 
September, 1627; they weare goinge to ye Isle of Ehez, 
but ye Duke's return unfortunatley hindered theyre 
intentions; therfore on good premeditation for ye safe 
kepinge of them (being all volonteyers, that countery 
allowinge no others), they weare heare bilitted. 1 A 
prowde, begerlye nation, and I hope wee shall nevor be 
trobled with ye lyke; espetiollie ye red shankes, or 
ye Heylandors, beinge as barbarous in nayture as theyr 
cloathes; but in 2 respects I tliinke itt bettor wee had 
them, for by them wee had ye sooner paye ; and if wee 
had had ye retourned Englisch, we shoold likewyse haue 

1 In February, 1628, fourteen ministers of the Island, with the concur- 
rence of Sir E. Dennis, petitioned Conway for exemption from having soldiers 
billeted on them, except in time of actual danger ; as freedom from billeting 
was an immunity enjoyed by all ministers in the land, except those in the Isle 
of Wight. Conway acknowledged the reasonableness of their request, and 
sent the petition to the Commissioners for billeting soldiers in the Island. 
S. P., Dom., 1628, 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 37 

had ye infectious disease wherewith they corrupted 
all places wheare they came. 

Ye greatest error that evor owre Island comitted 
wase ye admittinge of ye Scottish Kegyment to bee 
bilitted amongst us; for my owne parte I wase then att 
London, solictynge ye Counsell to free us of them; of 
ye inconveniences that followed murthers, rapes, rob- 
bereys, bourglaryes, gettinge of bastardes, and almoost 
ye undoinge of ye whole Island. 1 A people insolent by 
reason of theyre unanimous holdinge togeather, and ye 
weaknesse of theyre commaundors, as beinge moost un- 
experienced sowldiors; and farthoringe all tliinges on a 

1 This description of the disorders committed in the Island by the Scotch 
regiment is not overdrawn. In the begining of April, 1628, Conway wrote to 
the Earl of Morton that the grievances suffered in the Isle of Wight, through 
the insolence of the soldiers billeted there, were " so f requent, foul, and insup- 
portable, as redress must either be had, or the Island be utterly spoiled. " 
A few days after, Conway sent to his deputy-lieutenants a commission of Oyer 
and Terminer, to enable them to proceed in a legal manner against the soldiers 
who committed offences in the Island, and to inflict due punishment. The 
lieutenants were always to be ready with a sufficient number of soldiers to see 
justice executed ; but if the soldiers could not be relied on in such cases, they 
were to certify the same to him. In the month of June, 1628, the son of 
James Hall, of Bembridge, was slain by a soldier of Sir W. Carr's company, 
stationed at Yaverland. On the 16th of the same month, Mr. R. Dillington, 
of Knighton, wrote to Conway, stating that this was the second murder 
committed by the soldiers in the Island ; and that all endeavours to apprehend 
the murderer were useless, as he was concealed by his comrades. The officers 
also would not allow the justices to punish crimes committed by their men ; 
and the soldiers themselves threatened to inflict more injuries and outrages on 
the inhabitants on their departure. It shows the state of terror existing in 
the Island, by Dillington, in the conclusion of his letter, begging Conway not 
to disclose who sent him this information, lest it might bring upon the writer 
some great danger. S.P., Dom., 16SS. 



38 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

nationals raunkle; insomtitcli as noone daringe to apre- 
hencl ye malefactors, they became fearful to owre coun- 
terymen. Butt of themselves, I speake of ye meaner 
sorte of them ; a base, poorespirited, cowardlie people ; 
but for ye bettor sorte of them, braue gentlemen. They 
lefte behinde them olso as I tooke notice of them att 
leaste 70 bastardes that weare knowen, besydes others 
not knowen. For prevention of ye lyke, or anie in this 
kinde hereaftor, I woold wisch my counterymen evor 
hereaftor, seeinge ye bilettinge of sowldiors is contrarye 
to ye lawe, and libertie of freemen, nevor to suffor 
anye moore att anye tyme to come into ye Island ; but 
raythor with ye dawnger of theyre lives to hinder them 
att ye landinge. 

1628. Aug. 14. Owre Island beinge miserabily 
oppresed with ye Scotch Reg mt> all ye gentlemen re- 
solved to petition his M atie (he being then att Sowthwick). 
They commaunded me to drawe up ye petition, and olso 
they did me ye honor as to delivor itt to his M atie - 
Wee went fyrst to my Lorde Conway, not doubtinge of 
his beste furthorence, consideringe wee came both for 
and in ye generalitie, and weare resolved to delivor 
owre petition. He accordinglie used us respectfullye, 
browght us to ye King, of whom wee had manye 
gratious woordes, and he gave us all his hande to kisse, 
and tolde us when he had tawlked with ye Duke (with- 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 39 

out whom nothinge coold be effected) wee should haue 
what money coold be spared; and injoyned us to thanke 
ye whoole Island in his name, bothe for theyre longe 
pacience and theyre to well usuage of ye Scottes, 
with manie gratious woordes. Wee still attended till 
ye Duke's cominge, but in ye interim ye Lorde Conway 
invited us all to dinner with him to Mr. Ployden's, 
where he laye. Att ye Duke's cominge, whych wase 
abowght 5 att nyglit, I informed him what wee had 
done, togeathor with his Ma tie ' 8 ansor, showinge him 
owre greate necessityes, and implorynge his Grace's 
favor; he olso gave us manye goode woords and fayre 
promises, but what ye end will be God knoweth. 

Ye gentlemen that went to Sowthwicke: Sir William 
Lislie, Sir Bevis Thelwel, Sir William Meux, Sir Edward 
Dennis, Sir John Oglander, Mr. Dyllington, Mr. Bowre- 
man, Mr. Barnabas Leygh. 

Nevor entertayn moor sowldiors into youre Island, 
beinge a thinge you maye refuse, and an unsupportable 
troble and miserye, espetiollie ye Scotchmen, for I 
maye trulye say, since ye Danes beinge here, theyre 
nevor wase a greator miserye hapeiied unto us then ye 
bilitinge of those Lordedanes. 

1628. Upon ye fyrst of Sept., 1628, his Ma tic came 
into owre Island, pourposely to see ye Scotch llegyment, 



40 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

as he had done ye summer before for Sir Alex. Brettes. 
I had no notice of his cominge till 11 of ye clocke ye 
nyght before he came, at what tyme my Lorde Conway 
sent mee 2 letters, and ye gentleman of his horse and 
one other, togeathor with ye Surveyours of ye Kinge's 
stables; thereupon I did ye best I cowld, and I tooke 
orders for horses, and gott soome 100 horses bothe for 
his servantes, lordes, and followers. He landed at 
Eide, wheathor my wyffe went to see him, where he 
saluted her and her dawghtors; and from thence to 
Arreton Down, where in truth ye Scotchmen did verye 
well. I there mooved his Ma tie for paye for theyre 
bilettinge, and for ye fortifyinge of owre Island; hee 
tooke mee by the hand, and helde mee a long tyme 
rydinge togeathor, sayinge he wase bownd unto us all 
for owre paticence, and well usuage of ye Scotchmen, 
and commaunded mee to thanke ye whole Island in his 
name; and promised he woold take spetiol care for 
money for us, and to that ende he woold tawlke with 
my Lorde Threasuror, and wee shook! haue moneyes ; 
and for owre Island; when thease his greate busyneses 
weare a little passed over, he woold haue an eye and 
regard to owre Island, and he intreated my assistance 
for boates for ye conveyance of ye Eegyment aboorde. 
All beinge doone, I wayghted on him backe agayne to 
Eide; when by reason ye tyde wase owt, divors of his 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 41 

Lordes coold not goe with him; namely my Lorde 
Threasuror, Stuarde, Moorton, Somerset, and manye 
others. I wayghted on them till ye tyde came, and ye 
meane tyine before Wilkinson's doore I procured them 
a table, stooles, and cardes, where my Lorde Threa- 
suror, 1 Stuarde, and Sir Robert Vane, 2 ye Coferor, went 
to 12d. Gleke; 3 soe ended my treble with that daye. 
Ye Kinge, on Arreton Downe, Knyghted Mr. John 
Leygh, at ye swyte of ye Chauncellor of Scotland, att 
whose father's house, Sir George Hayes his sonn, had 
bene bilited, and kindly treated olso. He then Knyghted 
Mr. Stuard, ye Serieant Maior of ye Regyment ; olso att 
his goinge over att Ride, att ye furthest poyut of ye 
lande att lowe water marke, he Knyghted an olde 
frynd of myne, Mr. Langewoorth, a Captayne and 
younger brother, whoe has all his fortune before him. 

1628. On ye 3rd of September, 4 wee weare freed 
from owre Egiption thraldome, or lyke Spayne from 



1 Richard Lord Weaton of Neyland, created Earl of Portland 1633. 

2 Sir Henry, not Robert Vane. 

3 A game somewhat resembling whist, but much more the modern Ameri- 
can poker. Biahop Hall, in his Horae Vacivae, 1646, says "(Jleeke requires a 
vigilant memory." 

4 The regiment sailed Sept. 8, in the last and utterly fruitless expedition 
for the relief of Rochelle, under the command of the Earl of Lindsay ; 
Mountjoy Blount, Earl of Newport, being Rear Admiral, and second in com- 
mand. Rochelle surrendered to the King of F ranee, Oct. 28. The ships em- 
ployed in the expedition on their return were scattered by a storm, and arrived 
in England in a very distressed and demoralised condition, Nov., 1628. 



42 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

theyre Moores, for since ye Danische slauerie nevor 
weare these Islanders soe opressed. The Isle of Wyght 
had bene forced to entertayne ye Scottes att theyre 
cominge from Rochel, if by my paynes and travel bothe 
often att ye Cowncell table, and to ye Cownsellors in 
p'ticular (I beinge then in London), had not prevented 
itt, 

1628. Aug. 23. The great Duke of Buckingame 
was slayne by one John Ffelton (who sometyme before 
had bin a Liftennant) in ye howse att Portesmouth of 
one Captayne "Mason, 1 where ye sayd Duke with his 
Dutches and sistor Denbye laye. He wase slayne by a 
stroake of a knyfe in ye lefte pappe, abowght 9 in ye 
morninge, ye partie affirminge ye fact, and that he did 
itt to rid ye commonwealthe of a mounster, and to free 
his countery from that miserye that he sawe itt wase 
like to fall into by his misgovernment. He receaved 
his deathe woound cominge owt of ye parlor to goe into 
ye hall, his horse beinge att ye doore readie for him to 
goe to ye Coorte (then att Sowthwike); 2 he lived not 
above half an hower. 3 I wase with him ye Wensdaye 

1 Paymaster to the forces. The house has been partly pulled down, and 
retains but little of its original features. 

2 About six miles from Portsmouth, and then the seat of Sir Daniel Norton. 

3 By the accounts of eye-witnesses, he fell and died almost immediately, 
though Sir Simonds D'Ewes says he struggled for a quarter of an hour. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIES. 43 

before (this fact wase done on ye Sattordaye) for 
moneyes for owre biletors whoe had bilked ye Scotch 
Kegyment; and he gave me fayre woordes and gratious 
promises. He wase bownd for ye realivinge of Eocliel, 
and had 120 shipes then readie, with 4000 land sowl- 
diors att Portesmouth ; and had he lived he had certenely 
gone foorth within 10 days aftor. flelton came to 
Portesmouth butt that morninge with a full resolution 
to murther liim, and to that pourpose he had often 
prayed for abilitie and oportunitie to effect itt. Ye 
Duke when he wase stabed, wase salutinge of Sir Thos. 
Fryor; whoe stoopinge lowe to salute ye Duke, ffelton 
gaue the blowe over Fryor's showlder. Ye Duke 
uttored noe moore woordes but "Zwoundes Villayne," 
and himselve pluckinge owt ye knyfe present lye went 3 
steppes, thinkynge to have killed him with that knyfe, 
butt faynted, and dyed within halfe an hower. His 
Ma Ue beinge then att Sowthwike had presentlye notice 
of itt, who took itt verie heavely; ye Kinge wase at 
prayors when Charles Pryce came bowldly to him and 
tolde him ye Duke wase killed; he sayd nothinge, butt 
went on with ye prayors, butt after prayors went into 
his chawmber and came not owt in 2 dayes. His 
Dutches not only swounded often, but if shee had not 
bene prevented shee had throwen herselve over ye galery 
at Mason's howse into ye hall That 



44 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

morninge ye Duke 1 was killed, he receaved inteligence 
from ye ffrench that Eochel wase releaved, and he 
leaped and daunced for joye, beinge in Mason's parlor, 
with Mon sr - De Soubes and manie ffrench, and had a 
resolution to haue gone to ye Kinge to haue declared 
that newes. Presentlye aftor his deathe woonde itt 
wase imagined that itt had bene commited by ye 
ffrench ; whereupon if ye partie had not have bene 
revealed, or revealed himselve, ye ffrench had all 
sufered. 

The Duke not longe before (I haue seene him) was 
wayghted upon by Erles, Lordes, and divors other 
gallantes, all bare unto him, more than evor I sawe to 
a Prince; you shook! haue 6 Lordes and Erles stand 
bare unto him in a morninge in his chawmber, while he 
made himselve readie. I myselve sawe on ye 17th 
of Awgust (1628), when he came from Portesmouth to 
ye Coorte at Sowthwike; he wase not onlie braueley 
attended when he came, butt olso long expected, and 
ye Kinge looked owt of ye windowe towardes ye Downe 
a whole hower expectinge his cominge before he came ; 
and when they found him cominge they all left ye 

8 This account of the assassination of Buckingham is more minute than 
several already printed. It much resembles, and is corroborated in several 
particulars by the letter written the day of the murder to the Queen by Sir 
Dudley Carleton, who was present at the time, and prevented Felton being 
lain on the spot by the Duke's followers. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 45 

Kinge; Lordes, and all, and downe into ye base coorte 
to meete him, as if he had bene ye greatest Prince in ye 
worlde ; and within sennyght aftor this man lave on ye 
flower in Mason's parlor, gored in his owne blonde, and 
respected of noone. Sic transit (jloria mundi. 

Soome sennyght before this, ye Duke goinge to take 
coache owt of Mason's howse to goe to ye Coorte, soom 
300 Marynors interupted him demaundinge theyre 
paye ; one amonge ye reste offered to pull ye Duke owt 
of his coache ; on whych leapinge foorth of his coache 
he layed handes on and caryed him into Mason's howse 
to be kept as a prisoner; and then went foorth to them 
and apeased them, and soe went to ye Kinge at Sowth- 
wike, where I then wase. Aftor his departure ye 
Marinors demaunded restitution of theyre fellowe, and 
if Mason had not delivered him, they woold have pulled 
downe his howse by fforce; whereupon he delivered 
him; but ye 22nd of * August a Councel of Warre wase 
called, and they condemned the marinor, and as he 
wase carying to prison ye mariners agayne woold haue 
rescued him; whereupon ye Duke, and divors of his 
folowers Coronels, Captaynes, and others, went on hors- 
bake with ye Duke, havinge theyre swordes drawne; 
rode doune ye streete, and drove all ye marinors before 

1 The Duke in passing through the streets, recognised the sailor who had 
insulted him some days previously, and had him again arrested, 



46 THE OGLANDEU MEMOIRS. 

them to ye Poynt Gate, in a moste furious maner; 
killinge some to of them, and wooundinge divors; aftor 
they were aboorde ye Duke, ye condemned marinor, 
with ye Martiol, and divors others rode with him to ye 
execution, which presentlye wase p'formed on ye gibett, 
betweene Portesmouth and Sowthseae Cast el. 1 

1 A vivid narrative of this affray, and of the assassination of the Duke the 
day following, is given in a letter of one Higham, an eyewitness and actor in 
the tumult. He was probably a member of the family of Sir John Higham, 
of Barrow Hall, Suffolk, and his account corroborates that of Sir J. Oglander 
in every particular. " . . . The 22nd of August, a sayler that had 
affronted the Duke a seventhnight before was, by a martiall courte, con- 
demned to die ; after which (he being caried to our prison by myselfe with our 
whole guard) the saylers in greate multitudes drewe together with cudgels and 
stones, and assayed with greate fury to take him from us ; insomuch that there 
fell out a great muteny amongst us, that I was enforced to let fly my muskets, 
though not with intente to kill, because I had no order ; but we received blowes 
with stones and cudgels, and had much to doe to keepe the prisoner. But the 
captaines of the fleete came up to us, and drewe upon the saylers with greate 
fury, and banged and slashed them dangerously ; by which time the Duke 
himselfe, with a greate company on horsebacke, came fresh upon them too ; 
where there was 200 swordes drawen, and where the Duke behaved himselfe 
very nobly and bravely, and drave all the saylers on the porte pointe, and 
made them all fly on shipborde, wherein many were dangerously hurte, and 
two killed outright. He retired within the towne againe, and himselfe in 
person sawe the first mutinere caried with a guarde to the gibbet, where he 
was hanged by the handes of anuther mutinous sayler, who himselfe was saved 
for that good office. The other had not died if they had not then mutined, 
for the Duches had begged his life. Now the next morne, which was Satur- 
day the 23, there came one Jo. Felton (a gentleman borne neere Sudbury in 
Suffolk) to towne, who laye but three miles from towne the night before, on 
his journey from London. So soone as he came he repayred to the Duke's 
lodging, where I had a stronge guarde ; he went unknowne amongst many, and 
yet well knowne amongst many (as having beene a liefetenant in the army), into 
the hall. The Duke having received that morning certain newes that Rochell 
was relieved, was very jocant and well pleased, and addressed himselfe with 
all speed to carry newes thereof to the King. Many of his company being 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 47 

Stamford 1 ye Duke's ininyon, that drewe his sworde 
on ffelton, wase hanged att Tyburne, ye 25th of Julye, 
1629, for an uproar in London, and not departyhge 
aftor proclamation. He wase an active, brave, valiant 
gentlemen, whose p'ts deserved a better ende. 

ready on horsebacke, and himselfe coming out of the parlor, Colonel Fryer 
mette him and saluted him ; the Duke also according to his courteous manner 
saluted him, and lifting himselfe up while Colonel Fryer still stouped ; this 
Felton with a knife reached over the Colonel's shoulder, and stabbed the Duke 
above the left pappe, clean through aribbe. The Duke, pulling the knife him- 
selfe out, cryed with a great oathe, "Traytor, thou hast killed me, "and drewe 
his sworde half out, and so fell downe and never spake worde more. When 
with a showting shrike everybody withdrewe, and none knewe who killed him ; 
Felton who might have escaped, offered himselfe, saying, "I am the man, 

why do you not kill me?" who then had much to do to be saved 

The villaine, in respect of my office, was presently committed to me, and I 
caryed him with my guard to God's House, where three of the Privy Councell 
came to take his examination ; which done, I brought him to our prison, where 
he remains with a guard upon him." (From " The diary of John Roux, of 
tianton Downham, Suffolk." Edited for the Camden Society by Mrs. M. A. E. 
Green, 1856.) 

1 Stamford, with others, among them being many students of the Temple, 
attempted to rescue a prisoner by force from a guard of constables ; and in the 
riot which followed one officer was killed and several of the gentlemen 
wounded. A proclamation was issued for the apprehension of the ringleaders 
"and on Thursday, at ye Guildhall, was Captain Ashenham (or Ashenhurst) 
arraigned of murder, and John Stamford (the late Duke's man) as accessary 
thereunto ; as also divers householders in Fleet street for refusing to aid the 
constables, and abetting the gentlemen. The two first were found guilty, and 
had judgment of death, and were yesterday in the forenoon executed at 
Tyburn. Stamford's wife and father made means to the Duchess of Bucking- 
ham to move for his life ; who answered, she would never open her mouth for 
murder, for her lord's sake. Then they went to the Queen, who prevented 
their petition to his Majesty ; who before he would receive it said "If it were 
for Stamford, he would not grant it, because having before tasted of hia grace 
(when he murdered by night a watchman) he had now made so ill use of itt as 
to be the very motor and first occasioner of all this mischief.'" (Postscript of a 
letter from Mead to Stuteville, July 25, 1(>29. Court t- Times of Chas. /., l'ot.2.) 



48 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

The Duke when he went to releave Eochel, not 
liavinge mony; bothe to encourage ye comandors, and 
to furnisch them with necesarys for that expedicion, 
gaue to ye inferior sorte ye makinge of 40 Baronetts, 
which they owt of theyre wante sowlde for 150 or 
200 apeece ; which is ye reason soe manye of inferior 
ranke bothe in owre countery and elsewhere have pre- 
cedence in honor. Butt a tyme may come, which may 
be eythor by Parliament, or by his Ma tie , that they not 
p'forminge ye growndes of ye fyrst institution; as not 
payings 1000 for itt, nor hauinge 1000 land yerely 
rent to mayntayne itt; theyre honor may be buryed in 
ye dust, as ye Duke's wase, verie shortlye aftor ye 
makinge of those upstarte Baronettes. Nevor wase anie 
man bettor beloved of 2 Princes then he wase, nor nevor 
did anie man love a man more than they him ; he had 
(for worldlie happinesse) a fortunate lyfe and an unfor- 
tunate deathe. He wase one of ye handsomest menn in 
ye whole worldle, and wanted not vallor or resolution ; 
of a kinde, liberoll, and free nature and dispocition 
where he affected, and to those that aplied themselves 
to him, aplawded his actions and wase wholie his 
creatures; but above all he wase wonderfullie lovinge 
to all his kindred, advancinge them all to place and 
dignitie ; hauinge ye Kinges affection soe tied unto him 
as to denie him nothinge; he wase ye greatest subiect 



THE OGLANDEU MEMOIRS. 49 

yt Eiiglaiule evor hadd. Of his contrarie virtues I will 
say nothings. De mortals nil nisi bonum. 

A PORTESMOUTH POET ON YE DUKE. 1 

Charon Att Portsmouth Duke I will noe longer staye, 

My boate's att hand, and therefore come awaye. 
Duke Who calls great George I 
Charon 'Tis Charon that commaundes 

Thie gwiltie goste to go ; Him noone withstandes. 
Duke But wheathor must I goe? 
Charon To land at Styx, 

From whence thou haste thie stratagems and trickes. 
Duke Nay prithee staye, sweete Charon, thou shalt see 

If George still liveth all shall come to thee. 
Charon Pisch come, I say, my boate shall staye for noone, 

Thie sweete perfumed sinnes will fill't aloane, 

If not, thie titles. 
Duke Nay prithee staye awhile 

That I may Charles a littel moore begwile. 
Charon Pisch noe I cannot ffelton make noe delaye 

If thou lov'st Charles, then send prowde George awaye. 
Duke Am I of seae and land the great commaunder 

When this poore boate dothe scorne I shoold withstand her? 

Sweete pleasures, honors, titles, fortunes brittel, 

Adiew I haue noe title to a tittel. 

1 'I'll is and the accompanying poems show how strong and bitter was the 
popular feeling against the Duke of Buckingham at the time of his death, and 
that these sentiments were far from being confined to the lower orders of 
society. The first poem without the heading ascribing it to a Portsmouth 
Poet, has been reprinted from the Sloane MSS. by Mr. F. W. Fairholt, for the 
Percy Society, in his " Poems and Songs relating to Geo. Villiers, Duke of 
Buckingham, and his Assassination by John Feltou." The next on " Rex and 
Orex and Dux and Crux" has also been reprinted in the same work, with a few 
variations from the version hero given. The two couplets under the heading 

G 



50 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

IN DUCON BUCKINGAME. 

Dux and Crux are of one sownd, 

Dux doth Rex and Grex confound, 

If Crux of Dux myght haue his fill, 

Then Rex with Grex myght woorke theyre will. 

Five subsedies to ten woold turne, 

And Grex would laugh that nowe does moorne. 

O Rex thie Grex doth greivouslie complayne 

That Dux beares Crux, and Crux not Dux agayne. 

MY LADYE FFALKLAND ON YE DUKE. 

Reader stande still, and looke loe here I am, 
That wase of late ye myghtie Buckingame. 
God gaue to me my beinge and my breathe; 
Two Kinges theyre favors but a slaue my deathe. 
And for my fame I clayme and do not craue 
That thou wilt beleeve to Kinges before a Knaue. 

Vox POPULI. 

Let Charles and George doe what they cann, 
Yet George shall die ye deathe of Lamme. 1 



of "Vox Populi " are each derived from different sources. Many of the 
Satires and Songs against Villiers and his family were never printed, for 
obvious reasons, but were circulated in MS. from hand to hand, and the more 
caustic lines often from mouth to mouth in conversation. A variation of the 
first runs thus : 

"Let Charles and George do what they can, 
The Duke shall die like Doctor Lambe." 

1 Lambe was the Duke's physician, probably a quack, and a dabbler in 
astrology, magic, and the black art. He was supposed to furnish the Duke 
with love charms, and he had practised on the credulity of the Duke's mother 
by revelations of the future in a looking glass. By the populace he was 
detested, and styled "the Duke's devil." His ill reputation affected all con- 
nected with him, and many years after his death, Ann Bodenham, who had 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 51 

ffelton 1 live evor, for thou hast browght to dust, 
Treason, murther, pryde, and luste. 



In Januarie, 1629, the gentelmen of owre Island con- 
cluded to goe to London, to petition his Ma tte for 
moneyes to haue owre castells and fortes some amended, 
others where most nede requyred, newe erected; and 
olso for to haue 2 places of retrayte, if so wee showld 
be beaten; Videlicet Freschwater for owre cattel, and 

been his maidservant, and suspected of learning her diabolical art from him, 
was convicted and executed as a witch at Salisbury. One evening in June, 
1628, as he wab returning home from the Fortune Theatre, he was discovered 
and set upon by a mob, who so ill-treated him that he died the next day of 
the injuries he received. The rabble, while mangling Lambe, expressed their 
wishes that the Duke his master had been there with him, to be served worse. 
The perpetrators of the deed escaped, and the authorities failing to discover them, 
the corporation was threatened with the loss of its charter, and the city eventu- 
ally fined 1500 marks. A few days after, a bill was taken down from a post in 
Colemau Street by a constable, and carried to the Lord Mayor, who sent it by 
the sheriffs to the King. Its contents were ominous "Who rules the King- 
dom? The King. Who rules the King? The Duke. Who rules the Duke? 
The Devil. Let the Duke look to it, for they intend shortly to use him worse 
than they did his doctor, and if things be not shortly reformed, they will work 
a reformation themselves." "At the sight whereof his Majesty (he had 
reason) was much displeased. " (Mead to Stuteville, June SI and 29, 16SS. 
Court and Times, VoL I.) 

\ The couplet beginning "Felton live ever," Ac., is the conclusion of a 
poem of eight lines, thus printed by Mr. Fairholt in his work before quoted. 

"ON THK DUKE AND FELTON. 

Awake, sad Brittaine, and advance at last 

Thy drooping head ; let all thy sorrowes past 

Hoe drowned, and sunk with their owne teares ; and now 

O'er-looke thy foes with a triumphant brow. 

Thy foe, Spaine's agent, Holland a bane, Home's friend, 

By one victorious hand received his end. 

Live ever, Felton ; thou hast turned to dust, 

Treason, ambition, murther, pride, and lust." 

G2 



52 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

ye mayne bodie of owre companies; and Yarmouth for 
ye bettor sorte of people, where they myght by bote 
haue intercorse one with ye other; the fortifiinge of 
which places of retrayt myght be doone by cuttinge of 
Freschwater Gate; and Yarmouth by ye cuttinge of ye 
nicke of land betweene ye 2 seaes, with drawe brydges 
and half moones to secure ye passages. We delivered 
owre petition to his M atie> which wase well aproved of in 
all thinges sauinge in owre needles feares of ye ffrench; 
his Ma tie assuringe us wee neede not haue any doubt of 
them, as beinge on very good tearmes with his brother 
of Ffrance; but he refered us and ye p'ticulors in owre 
petition to ye Councell of Warre, before whom wee 
weare. The Councell liked owre carrydge very well 
and gaue us many good wordes, and told us wee weare 
to fearful. I reply'd wee weare far from feare, but on 
ye reporte of so greate preparations in ffrance, wee 
could doo no lesse than make owre owne weaknes 
knowne unto them; how owre castells and fortes weare 
eythor all demolisched or else so uncerviseable as not 
able to defende us, but rathor to invite an enemye; and 
of what consequense the losse of that Island may be to 
ye whole kingdome; and as it is no we, it is open to all 
invasion. They tolde us they hearde wee had remooved 
owre wyfes, children, and goodes. I answered on my 
life and reputation, when I came owt of ye Island there 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 53 

wase not as mutch as a silver spoone remooved; but 
withall of that theyre Lordeshipes did not assist us in 
owre just swyte, then certaynely owre wyfes and cliild- 
ren woold not staye. They weare glad to heare that 
theyre information wase not trewe ; then they dismissed 
us till an other time, and what time wee brought ye 
mapp before ye Lordes; beinge ye Lord Threasuror, 1 my 
Lord Stuarde, 2 Conway, and Dorchester; 3 where wee 
shewed them owre desiors to have 2 block-howses bwylt 
att Sandham, 2 att S' Hellens; Cows, Yarmouth, and 
Worseley's tower repayred, and Freschwater and Yar- 
mouth to be fortifyed ; they approoved it, and demaunded 
the estimate of ye chardge, which wee told them woold 
come to 3000; they desyred the p'ticulors to be 
brought to my Lord Threasuror, which ye nexte day I 
delivered unto him. Vid. for blockhowses at Sandham 
1000, with a runninge trench to goe betweene them; 
1000 for 2 like blockhowses to be erected at St. 
Hellens; 100 for repay ring of Cows, 100 for Yarmouth 
Castell, 300 for Worseley's Tower and Carey's Sconce ; 
for ye fortifiinge of Yarmouth to make it a place of 



1 Richard, Lord Weston, appointed, 1631, Governor of the Isle of Wight ; 
and 1633 created Earl of Portland. 

2 William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, appointed Governor of Portsmouth 
1609; died 1630. 

3 Sir Dudley Carlton, Secretary of State, created Viscount Dorchester 
July, 1628. 



54 THE OGLANDEIl MEMOIRS. 

retrayte with cuttinge ye seae, makinge a drawebriclge 
and halfe raoone, 250; ye lyke for Freschwater, 250. 
My Lord Threasuror tolde me that on his honnor wee 
shoold liaue monyes very shortly, it wase his Ma tie " 
pleasure, and he woold take all care sudenly to give us 
content and to have some monyes forthwith, and a good 
Ingineer to be sent down accordinge to owre desior, 
and to haue his allowance owt of the exchecor. The 
gentlemen that went to London for theyr countery's 
servise weare Sir Edward Dennis, Sir William Meux, 
Captayne Cheke, Mr. Barnabie Leygh, Captayne Hobsou, 
and myselve, Sir John Oglander. We had a promise 
for payment of owre billet monyes, beinge 8130 when 
his Ma tie cowld posibly paye us; and that we shoold 
haue soom shipes to attend abowt owre Island untill we 
weare fortified, and that soom of owre owne countery 
shoold haue commaund of them, who we sayd woold be 
moore useful for us then strangers. We left Sir Bevis 
Thelwell owre agent for us in owre abscence, to whom 
for his greate paynes and love to owre Island wee are 
all mutch bownd. 

1629. April. There wase scarce one fameley in ye 
whole Island that missed havinge of ye smalle poxe, 1 
whereof manye dyed. 

1 In another notice of this visitation of small pox, Sir John states that it 
was brought down from London by young Thomas Urry, of Gatcombe. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 55 

Mars and Mors are of a sovvnd, 
And Mors neare Mars is fownd. 

Itt grieved my harte to see ye pouertie 1 and complaynte 
of owre poore Hand, April, 1629; noe monyes stur- 
ringe, littel markett, a small assemblye of ye gentlemen, 
less of ye fermors and yeomandrie. Owre ordinarie 
downe for wante of companie, littel resort to owre 
lecture, and ye coomley visage and wonted carridge of 
itt cleane altored ; for in Queue Elizabeth's tyme it wase 
other wyse, money wase as plentiful in yeomens purses 
as nowe in ye beste of ye genterye, and all ye genterye 
full of monyes and owt of debt; ye markett full, corn- 
modi tyes ven tinge themselves att moste hygli rate 
pryces, and menu of warr att ye Cows wliych gaue 
greate rates for owre commodityes, and exchanged 
other goode ones with us. If you had anythinge to sell 
you shoold not haue needed to haue looked for a 
chapman, for you coold not almoste aske butt haue; 
all tliinges weare exported and imported att your 
harte's desior; youre tenantes rych, and a bargayne 

1 From a MS. quoted by Tooke (History of Prices), it seems that poverty 
and the decay of trade at this time were not confined to the Island, but gave 
rise to complaints in all parts of the kingdom. "England never was generally 
n poor since I was born as it is at this present ; inasmuch that all complain 
they cannot receive their rents, yet there is plenty of all things but money, 
which is so scant that country people offer corn, or cattle, or whatsoever else 
they have in lieu of rent ; and corn is at so easy rates as I never knew it, at 
20 pence a bushel, barley at 9 pence, and yet no quantity will be taken at that 
price. " 



56 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

coold not stand att anye rate; ye State wase well 
ordered; wee had in a good manner warres with 
Spayne, and peeace witli ffrance ; and ye Lowe Countery- 
men weare owre servantes, not owre maystors; then itt 
wase Imula fortunata, nowe Infortunata. 

1631. Jany. 3. Thos. Urry wase buryed att Thor- 
leye in ye midle of ye church. 1 There wase a greate 
funerol ; Sir William Lyslye, Sir Kobert Dyllington, Sir 
John Leygh the sonn of Mr. Barnabye Leygh, weare 
there; manye gentlemen, moost of ye clergye, and all 
ye fermors weare there. Mr. Pryce 2 of Calberon (ye 
honest) preached ; his texte wase, "All men must dye, 
and aftor deth cometh judgement." Hee wase aged 84 
yeres; his last wyfe my neare kynswoman. 

1631. Aug. 2. Kinge Charles came to Portesmouth 
to see his shipes in ye harbor. And my Lord Threas- 

1 In the old church at Thorley is a monumental tablet with this inscrip- 
tion: 

"Thomas Urry, gent, obit December 25, 1631. 
The poore man's comfort, and ye stranger's friend, 
A man of godlie life then judge his end. 
This stone can tell what care he had to goe 
Unto his mother earth, and father too. 
His aged years almost were twelve times seven, 
He's called to keep his Christmas nowe in heaven. " 

2 On a brass in three pieces, now fixed to the south wall of the chancel of 
Calbourne Church, is the following inscription "Abiit non obiit, Praeiit non 
Periit. Here lyeth buryed the body of Mr. Arthur Price who was rector of 
this parish 22 years, and died 2Cth October, 1638, being aged 59 yeares. 
For whose pious memorie Jane, his deare wife, caused this memoriall. " Arms 
quarterly, first and fourth, a chevron embattled between 3 spear heads; 
second and third, 3 cocks proper, 2 and 1. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 57 

uror, 1 Captayne of owre Island, sent for mee to meete 
him on y* daye olso att Portesmouth. Ye Kinge laye 
att Gode's howse one nyght, and ye next daye beinge 
ye 3rd of Awgust, when ye Kinge wase sett to dinner, 
my Lord Threasuror tooke his leave of his Ma tie> and 
came for ye Isle of Wyght. He had in his companie, 
Vicount Conway, 2 My Lord Cottington, 3 Chauncelour 

1 Sir Richard Weston, Lord Weston of Neyland. He was the son and 
heir of Sir Jerome Weston, Kt., of Roxwell, Essex. After some years spent 
in the study of the law and in foreign travel, he attached himself to the Court, 
and in 1621 was sent, with Sir E. Conway, to Brussels, to treat with the Spanish 
and Imperial Ministers for the restitution of the Palatinate. On his return 
he was made a Privy Councillor, and Under Treasurer of the Exchequer ; and 
in 1624 was appointed Treasurer during the King's pleasure. In April, 1628, 
he was created Baron Weston, of Neyland ; and in July following, on the com- 
pulsory retirement of the Earl of Marlborough, he was advanced to the dignity 
of Lord High Treasurer. Three years after, he was made Knight of the Garter, 
and Governor of the Isle of Wight. In the early part of his career he was very 
popular ; but after his elevation to the peerage his haughtiness and ostentation 
grew so unbearable, that, with the exception of Laud, he was more hated by 
all classes than any man in the kingdom. To quote Clarendon, ' ' He had so 
vehement a desire to be the sole favourite, that he had no relish of the power 
he had, and every day discovered some infirmities in him, which being before 
known to few, and not taken notice of, did now expose him both to public 
reproach and to private animosities. His wife and all his daughters were 
declared of the Romish religion ; and though himself and his son sometimes went 
to church, he was never thought to have zeal for it. All the honours the King 
conferred upon him could not make him think himself great enough, nor could 
all the King's bounties nor his own accessions raise a fortune to his heir ; but 
after six or eight years spent in outward opuleucy, and inward murmur and 
trouble that it was not greater ; after vast sums of money and great wealth 
gotten, and rather consumed than enjoyed ; without any sense of delight in so 
great prosperity, but with the agony that it was no greater, he died unlamentcd 
by any." The Earl died in March, 1634, and was buried in Winchester Cathe- 
dral, where a fine recumbent statue in bronze still remains to his memory. 

2 Edward, second Viscount Conway. 

3 Francis Cottington, created Lord Cottington of Han worth, Middlesex, 



58 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

of ye Excheccor, and ye Lord of Mount Norris, 1 Sir 
Kelloum Digby, Sir Walter Stuarde, ye Kinge's kinsman, 
Sir Nicholas Foskewe, Sir William Uvedale, Threastiror 
above ye stayres to his Ma tie> Sir Eychard Titchbourne, 
Mr. Gage of Sussex, Coronels Fryor, Hacklet, and 
Farrer, Captayne Kercke, Sir Bevis Thelwel, Sir Henry 
Maynowringe, Captaynes Mason, 2 and Brette, 3 Mr. May- 
nowringe ; besydes manie other knyghtes and gentelmen 
of quallitie, ye totoll amountinge to 300 horse. He 
had ye Kinge's pinnice to bringe him over, and one of 
ye Whelpes 4 to wayght on him. I browght him aboord 
ye pinnice, and then I left him and tooke a small boate 
becawse I woold be over before him, to haue all 



July, 1631 ; Chancellor and Under Treasurer of the Exchequer. He had been 
Clerk of the Council in the reign of James I. , and Secretary to Charles I. when 
Prince of Wales. He was made a Baronet in 1623, and was afterwards sent as 
Ambassador to Spain, where he resided for some years. He supported the 
King's party during the Civil Wars, but after the ruin of the royal cause he 
went into exile, and died at Valladolid in 1653. 

1 Sir Francis Annesley, created Baron Mount Norris, Co. Armagh, Feb., 
1628, and afterwards Viscount Valentia. He was Vice-Treasurer and Secre- 
tary of State in Ireland. 

2 Paymaster to the Forces. It was in his house that the Duke of Bucking- 
ham was assassinated. 

3 See note page 30. 

4 The "Whelps," or fully, **the Lion's Whelpes," were a kind of sloop, 
then recently added to the navy, being built in 1627 for the expedition to 
Eochelle. There were ten of them altogether, each armed with 14 or 16 guns 
of light calibre, and manned with about 70 men. In the return from Bochelle, 
two of them were lost at sea, and they were never afterwards all in commission 
at the same time. The "Lion " herself was a 40-gun ship with a crew of 200 
men. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 59 

thinges in readinesse before his comminge. Sir Bevis 
Thelwel wase in ye small boate with me, and my Lord 
of Mount Norris wase a comminge, but there we 
escaped a greate dawnger ; for wee beinge before, they 
salutinge his Honnor contrarie to they re promise (as 
not to shoote until ye Kinge went) ye shott fell thicke 
abowte owre boate, and manie escaped tearinge her in 
pieces verie narrowlie. His Honnor came ashore att 
Eide, and from thence I led him through Wliitfield and 
Bradinge to Sandham Castell; where he stayed an 
hower, and sawe ye Ingineers stake owt ye forme of a 
sconce there to be erected. And from thence I led 
him to ye topp of Bradinge Downe, and soe to Nuport, 
where ye Maior and Aldermen mett him at Coppyns 
Bridge, and ye towne made a gard of musketteers and 
corselettes, and soe conveyed him up to Mr. James his 
howse, where lie layde. Att ye entrance of ye doore, 
ye schoolemaystor of ye Free Schoole mett him with all 
his schollars, and presented him with a speach by one of 
his schollars (Mr. Bacon's sonn), att whych speach his 
Lordship wase well pleased, and gave ye bwoye 5; 
and received a petition from ye schoolemaystor (before- 
hand by me prepayred) for his Ma tie * grawnt of 200 
acors to be enclosed owt of ye fforrest to be to ye 
schoole, for her bettor mayntenance, whych his Lord- 
ship promised to effect. All ye gentlemen sent him in 



60 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

provisions, soe that he kept a most bowntifull howse; 
and every meale he woold drinke his Ma tie ' 8 and ye 
Queene's helth, and I woold begin his helth to my Lord 
Cottington; and one meale my Lord Cottington pleadg- 
inge mee, retourned ye helth to Sir Edward Dennis; 
and tolde him itt wase a helth to owre Governour; 
whereupon my Lord Threasuror replyed that he wase 
like his dogge Captayne, barkinge for his maystor; 
(whych wase a spanioll y* my Lord Cottington had loste 
at Sandam runninge awaye on ye reporte of ye ordi- 
naunce), whych dogge my Lord mutch affected, as 
havinge beene twyce in Spayne with him. On ye 4th 
of Awgust he went to Caresbrooke Castell, and from 
thence to ye topp of ye hill next to Freschwater, and 
there saw all ye countery, and Yarmouth, wheathor he 
determined to goe ; but beinge ill of ye stone, shortened 
his journey and went noe further, but retourned agayne; 
and every P'risch as he came through rang theyre 
belles, and ye people gaue acclamations of welcome, 
whych he tooke very well. The 5th of Awgust 
he dined betymes, and went aftor dinner to Cows 
Castell, and theyre had ye pinnice to carry him, 
and one of ye Whelpes to attend him. He had ye 
ordinaunce of ye Castell 3 tymes shott of, and all ye 
shipes saluted him. He landed att Tychfield, and this 
I maye truly saye both in comminge, goinge, and 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 61 

stayinge, he receaved all ye honnor and contentment 
that this Island coold possibly give him. The littel 
bwoyes skirmisched before him, to whom he gave 5, 
and soe mutch olso to ye poore, besydes mutch of ye 
remaynes of his provisions. He wase entertayned att 
his landinge by ye whole gentry of ye countery, who 
wayghted upon him duringe his stave, and till he went 
aboorde agayne. Att his goinge he commaunded mee 
in his name to thanke all those that sent him in pro- 
visions, not knowinge them himselve; and tolde us he 
woold leave nowe in my handes 1000 towardes ye 
payment of ye billett money due to us, and pave us all 
ye remaynes by Christmas nexte ; and that he woold do 
any good he coold for ye publicke good of ye Island, 
and olso to every man in p'ticular. He went awaye 
well pleased, and while he wase at Cows, a packet t 
came to him from his Ma tle> commaundinge him to 
Coourt; whereupon he tolde mee that wee shook! not 
come to Winchester to meete him, till he sent us woord, 
becawse his retourne wase uncertayne. I nevor sawe a 
bravor companie, nor a greater entertaynement in my 
lyfe. He had sent him in by ye countery a hogshed 
of sacke, claret, and white wyne; a fat ox, fiscli of all 
sortes, pewettes, guiles, rabbitts, pigions, ffeasantes, par- 
trydges, chicken, &c. Nevor wa.se anye Captayne of ye 
Island bravor entertayned, or nobler used and respected 



62 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

by ye countery; and wee live in expectation of ye lyke 
from him. 

My Lord Thresuror Weston at his beinge in ye Island 
ye 4th of August, 1631; I puttinge of him in mynd of 
the decay e of ye Kinge's woodes, as nowe beinge so wide 
in fee ferine, they myght lawfully cutt it, as olso ye 
parke; and further informed him how necessarie ye 
parke and forrest has beene to continue still unto ye 
command; he made me no greate overtures of his 
intentions, but on ye 1 6th of August followinge he sent 
me a letter post, that I shoold command ye bwyors of 
wood in ye parke to forbear to fell any ; untill his Ma tle 
weare provided from thence of wood and tymber for ye 
newe fortes intended to be bwylt and for repayre of ye 
owld. I obeyed his commaunds, but it seemeth to me y* 
he hath an intent to haue ye parke bowght in agayne, 
other wayes to hindor ye fellinge of all ; for 100 tonnes 
beinge ye moost they can use abowt ye fortes, and it 
woold olso at bettor rates be browght owt of the IS ewe 
Forrest : time will discover his further intentions. 

Sandam Forte. The fourth of July, 1632, my Lord 
Threasuror (Weston) sent downe to mee 2 Ingineers, one 
Mr. Eudd and Mr. Heath for ye bwyldinge of a fforte at 
Sandam. God send itt good success, whych I doubt. 
Mr. Thomas Eudd to be ye Ingineer, and Mr. Thomas 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 63 

Heath to be ye raaystor woorkeman. The 5th of July, 
1632, my Lord Threasuror sent down 500 to myselve 
and Sir Edward Dennys, to sett forward ye fforte, which 
Rudd placed in that place where no we itt is. My Lord 
Wimbledon came downe to see it.t on ye 8th of Awgust, 
1632, and liked itt well. This Rudd and Heath weare 
men who had bene longe emploied by ye States of 
Holland in makinge of ffortes, and other fortifications. 
Heath had made that fforte 3 yeres before at Hawitch 
in Suffolk ; Rudd wase chefe Ingineer att ye Isle of Rez ; 
both very able men; but I am afrayed with all theyre 
skill they will be deceaved in this fforte, in which I 
conceive they have comitted 2 errors; ye one in pla- 
cinge of itt so nere the seae; ye other in not carringe 
theyre foundation deapor, which in time may be ye 
mine of ye woorke. 

When I bwylt this I lost my sonn, 1 
And raysinge this, myselve undone. 

Mr. Rychard Cooke, a brave Commander, wase ye 
fyrst Captayne of Sandham Castell; and Brutus Bucke, 
ye sonn of Francis, wase ye last; for I tooke it downe 
November, 1631, when it had stoode 112 yeres. 

1627. July 16. I gave Tobye 2 ye commaund of 

1 His eldest son, George, who died at Caen, July II, 1632, aged 23 years. 

2 On the south side of Hrading Church, Adjoining the Oglander Chapel, on 



64 THE OGLANDER MEMOIKS. 

Sandam Castell in Bucke's abscens; and he is to have 
2s. a daye for his entertaymnent and payiies. 

1632. When ye forte at Sandam wase bwylt, I putt 
in my owld clerke, Tobye Kempe, to be clerke of ye 
checke, and allowed him 2s. per diem for to keepe ye 
bookes of accomptes. 

1647. Certayne passages acted by Coronel Hammon, 
owre Captayne, ye gentlemen of ye Island, and myselve ; 
since ye Kinge's cominge into ye Island; wrytten by 
mee on Tuesdaye morninge ye 16th of November, 1647. 
J.O. 

Sondaye morninge, att churche I heard a rumour 
that ye Kinge wase that nyght, 1 beinge ye 14th of 

a raised or altar tomb, is this inscription, in large capital letters "Here lyeth 
the bodye of Peter Bryers Butler, and of Mr. Tobye Kemp, clarke to S. John 
Oglander, of Nunwell, Knight, 1637." 

1 " We all went over that night to the Cows. In the morning his Majesty 
went with the Governour to Carisbroke, and was met in the way by divers gen- 
tlemen of the Island ; from whom we learnt that we were more fortunate than 
we were aware of ; for the whole Island was unanimously for the King, except 
the governours of the castles, and Hammond's captains ; that there were but 
twelve old men in the castle, and that they had served under the Earl of 
Portland, and were all well affected ; that Hammond might be easily gained, 
if not more easily forced, the castle being day and night full of loyal 
subjects, and servants of his Majesty ; and his Majesty having daily liberty 
to ride abroad, might chuse his own time of quitting the Island." (Memoirs 
of Sir John Berkeley). The King, with Hammond, Capt. Baskett, Captain 
of Cowes Castle, Mr. Legge, J. Ashburnham, and Sir J. Berkeley, landed at 
Cowes from Tichfield House on Saturday afternoon, November 13; and after 
passing the night at an alehouse in the town ; Cowes Castle then being used as 
a prison, arrived the next morning at Carisbrooke Castle. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 65 

Nouember, landed at Cows. I confesse I coold not 
beleeve itt, but att evening prayor ye same daye Sir 
Robert Dyllington sent his servant to mee to informe 
mee of his Ma ties cominge into ye Island, and that owre 
Gouernor Coronel Haminon 1 commaunded mee and my 
sonn (as he had done to all ye gentlemen of ye Island) 
to meete him att Nuport ye nexte daye, beinge Mon- 
daye, by nine in ye morninge. Trewly this newes 
trobled mee very mutch; but on Mondaye morninge I 
went to Nuport, where I found most of ye gentlemen of 

1 Col. Robert Hammond, Governor of the Isle of Wight, 1647-1649, was 
the son of Robert Hammond, of Chertsey, Surrey, and nephew of the learned 
Dr. Henry Hammond, Chaplain to the King. His father's sister, Jane, was 
the wife of Sir John Dingley, of VVolverton, Isle of Wight. He served on the 
side of the Parliament as captain and major, under Col. Massey, at the siege of 
Gloucester, where he killed a Major Gray in a duel, for giving him the lie ; 
took part in the two battles of Newbury, in the first of which he was wounded ; 
was wounded again at Bristol, 1645, where he greatly distinguished himself ; 
and was taken prisoner at Basing House, a day or two previous to its capture 
by Cromwell, in October, 1645. Some time before this he had risen to the rank 
of Colonel ; and on hearing of his capture, Cromwell wrote to the Marquis of 
Winchester, stating that "if any wrong or violence were offered to these men 
[Colonel Hammond and Major King, who was taken prisoner with him], the 
best in the house should not obtain quarter. " At the downfall of Basing, he 
was sent by Cromwell to give an account of his success to the House of Com- 
mons, in company with Hugh Peters ; and the House, as a compensation for 
his losses by being taken prisoner, awarded him 200. In September, 1647, 
by an ordinance of both Houses, he was appointed Captain and Governor of 
the Isle of Wight, and all forts and places of strength therein. He married a 
daughter of John Hampden ; and another of his uncles, Thomas Hammond, 
was Lieut. -General of the Ordnance for the Parliament, and afterwards one of 
the regicides. Hammond's tenure of office as Governor of the Island was 
brief, lasting scarcely two yean. He eventually was appointed a Commis- 
sioner in Ireland, and died there in October, 1654. 

H 



66 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

ye Island; and not longe aftor Hammon came, when 
hee made a shorte speach to us, whych, as well as my 
olde memorie will give me leafe, wase thus, or to this 
pourpose "Gentlemen, I beleeve itt wase as straunge 
to you as to mee, to heare of his Ma 416 ' 8 cominge into 
this Island. Hee informs mee necessitie browght him 
hithor, and theyre weare a sorte of people neare Hamp- 
ton Coorte (from whence hee came) that had voted, and 
weare resolved to murther him (or woordes to that 
effect) ; and therefore soe privately, he wase forced to 
come awaye ; and soe to thruste himselve on this Island, 
hopinge to bee here secure. And nowe gentlemen, 
seeinge hee is come amongst us, itt is all owre dewties 
to preserve his persone, and to prevente all cominges 
over into owre Island. I haue alreadie stoped all pas- 
sages in owre Island except three (Eide, Cows, and 
Yarmouthe), and att them haue appoynted gardes. 
Nowe I must desior all you to preserue peace and 
unitie in this Island as mutch as you can ; I heare there 
are soome sutch persones as his Ma tle feared, but I 
hope bettor ; but to prevent itt, I woold give you these 
cautiones. If you see or heare of anye people in anye 
greate number gathered togeathor, whatsoeuor bee 
theyre pretence; I woold haue you dissipate them, or 
timely notice given to mee of itt; alsoe if there bee 
anye of those formerlve spoken of, sutch as his Ma 



tie 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 67 

fears, that shall offor to come into this Island, you must 
doe your endeavors to suppres them; and all thinges 
for ye preservacion of his Ma ties persone. And to this 
ende I shall desior all ye Captaynes to come and renewe 
theyr Commisions, that they may bee ye bettor autho- 
rised thereunto : and lastly I muste tell you I haue sent 
an Expres 1 to P'rliament to signify e his Ma ties being 
heere, and as soone as I receave anye awnsor I shall 
acquaynt you with itt." Aftor this speach Sir Robert 
Dyllington niooved ye Coronel to knowe weathor ye 
gentlemen myght not aftor dynner goe up to his Ma tte 
to expres theyre dewties to him. The Coronel awnsored 
"Yes by all meanes, itt would be a fit tyme when ye 
King had dined; and truely I woold invite you all to 
dinner, had I anie entortaynment ; but truely I want 
extreamly fowle for his Ma tte ;" intimatinge thereby that 
he wanted ye gentlemen theyre assistance; whereupon 
I and others promised him to send in to liim what wee 

1 In answer to this "Express," Hammond received the thanks of the Par- 
liament, and a reward of 1000 ; besides the grant of an annuity of 500 for 
himself and his heirs. He was also instructed to appoint a sufficient guard 
for the security of the King's person, and to prevent his departure from the 
Island, except by the orders of both Houses ; to see that no persons who had 
been in arms against the Parliament came into or remained in the Island 
during the King's residence there, unless they were inhabitants of the Isle, and 
had compounded with the Parliament ; and that no person who had served in 
the war against the Parliament came into the K ing's presence, or into any fort 
or castle in the Island, although he was an inhabitant, and had compounded 
with the Parliament. The House also voted 5000 "for his Majesty's present 
necessities and accommodation," and 10 daily for his table. 



68 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

had; soe he thanked us, and retourned to ye Castle to 
his Ma tie- Nowe, when wee had dined, wee all wente 
up to Caresbrooke Castell, where wee had not staied 
above halfe an hower but his Ma tie came to us; and 
aftor he had given everye man his hande to kisse, he 
made this speach, but not in these woordes, but as well 
as my memorie will give mee leafe, to this effect 
"Gentlemen, I muste informe you that for ye preser- 
vacion of my life, I wase forced from Hampton Coorte; 
for theyre weare a people called Levelors, that had 
bothe voted and resolved of my dethe; soe that I coold 
noe longer dwel there in safetie ; and desioringe to bee 
somewhat secure, till soom happye accommodacion 
maye be mayde betweene mee and my P'rliament, I 
haue putt myselve in this place; for I desior not a drop 
moore of Christian bloude showlde bee spilt, neythor 
doo I desior to bee chargeable to anye of you ; I shall 
not desior soe mutch as a capon from anye of you, my 
resolution in cominge heare beinge but to bee secured 
till there maye bee soom happye accomodacion mayde." 
Aftor this, he cawsed Mr. Legge, 1 one of his servants, 

1 "Honest Will Legge, the faithfullest servant that any prince ever had," 
was son of Edward Legge, Vice-President of Munster. In his youth he served 
as a volunteer under Gustavus Adolphus, and Prince Maurice of Orange ; and 
on his return to England, was appointed Keeper of the King's Wardrobe, and 
soon after, Groom of the Bedchamber. His stay in the Isle of Wight with 
the King was brief. In a week or two after his arrival, the Parliamentary 
troops in the Island were strongly reinforced, and orders were sent to I Iain- 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 69 

to reade a kinde of remonstrance, whych itt seemeth he 
left at Hampton Coorte when he wente thence; but I 
shall forbeare wryghtinge of that, itt beinge in printe. 
Mr. Legge demaunded of mee "What if a greater 
number of these Levelors shoold come into owre Island 
then wee weare able to resist? What coorse coold then 
be taken for his Ma tto his preservacion ? " I awnsored 
Noone that I knewe, but to haue a boate readie to 
convey him unto ye maynlande. These weare all ye 
passages on that daye ; and on ye Thursdaye followinge 
itt pleased his Ma tie to come to my howse att Nunwell ; 
as mutch unexpected by mee, as his cominge into ye 
Island. 

When wee came ye Mondaye to Caresbrooke Castell, 
his Ma tle was then busye in wryghting those proposi- 
tiones nowe in printe, whych ye nexte daye he sent to 
ye P'rliament, and I hope will be acepted. 

mond to dismiss all the King's servants who had been in attendance on him at 
Oxford. Legge, with Ashburnham and Berkeley, retired to Newport ; and after 
narrowly escaping being implicated in the "mutiny" raised there by Captain 
Burley, was, by the Governor's command, conveyed on shipboard and sent out 
of the Island. After the death of the King, Legge was accused of high 
treason, and imprisoned at Bristol, and subsequently in Arundel Castle, but was 
released through the influence of the speaker Lenthall. This service he repaid 
by procuring a pardon for Lenthall at the Restoration, who as an acknowledg- 
ment left Legge a legacy. He fought in the battle of Worcester, in which he 
was wounded and taken prisoner ; and only saved his life by escaping from 
Coventry gaol in his wife's clothes. He was burgess for Southampton in the 
" Pension Parliament" of Chas. II., and died in 1672. His eldest son, George, 
was appointed Governor of Portsmouth in 1G73, and in 1682 was elevated 
to the peerage with the title of Lord Dartmouth. 



70 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

His Ma ties farewell speach unto ye Lordes Com- 
misioners att Nuport, November ye 27th, 1648. 1 

The Commisioners cominge to take theyre leafe of his 
Ma tie> hee spoke as followes: "My Lordes, you are 
come to take your leafe of me, and I beleeve wee shall 
scarcely evor see one another agayne ; but God's will be 
done; I thank God I haue made my peace with him, 
and shal not feare whatsoever hee shal bee pleased to 
suffer men to do unto mee. You cannot but knowe 
that in my fall and ruine you see your owne, and that 
olso neer unto you; I praye God send you bettor 
fryndes then I haue found. 

I am fully informed of ye whoole carridge of ye plot 
agaynst mee and mine ; and nothinge soe mutch afflictes 
mee as ye feelinge I haue of ye suferinges of my sub- 
iectes, and ye miseries y* hang over my three king- 
domes, drawn upon them by those whoe, upon pretenses 
of goode, violentlie poursue theyre owne interestes and 
endes." 

His Ma tie delivered these wordes with mutch 

1 This speech was spoken at the conclusion of the so-called Treaty of 
Newport ; the negociations of which lasted from October 2 to November 27, 
1648. Two days after the latter date, the King was seized by the army and 
conveyed to Hurst Castle. The Commissioners were fifteen in number, the 
Earls of Northumberland, Pembroke, Middlesex, Salisbury, and Lord Viscount 
Say and Sele, representing the Lords ; and Lord Wenman, Sir Harbottle 
Grimston, Sir J. Potts, Sir Harry Vane, junior, Denzil Hollis, Wm. Pierre- 
point, John Crewe, Saml. Browne, J. Glynn, Recorder of London, and John 
Eulkeley, Esqs., members of the House of Commons. 



THE OGLAKDER MEMOIRS. 71 

chearfulnesse and with a serene cowntenance, and 
carridge free from anie disturbance; and thus hee 
p'rted with ye Lordes and Commisioners, leavinge 
manic tender impressiones, if not in them, it in ye 
other hearors. 



A NOATE OF YE GENTLEMEN AND KNIGHTES THAT HAUE 
BEENE OF LATE DATES INHABITANTES OF YE ILE OF 
WYGHT. 

[Among the MSS. of Sir J. Oglander are many notices of 
manors and families of older date than those classed 
under this heading, and the most important of them 
are here inserted as their most fitting placed] 

YAVERLAND. 

German Eychardes wase ye fyrst of yt famely that 
came into owre Island in Queene Marie's reynge; he 
wase a Welschman and servant to ye Earl of Lincolne, 
Lord Admiroll, whoe gave him ye Vice-Admiroltie of 
ye Island. He maryed a widdowe of ye Eyces; lived 
att Bradinge. in ye howse on ye sowth side of ye 
church ; kept a brewhowse theyre, and by ventynge of 
ye beare to shipes at St. Hellens (which wase then 
as Cows is nowe) grewe rych, and pourchased Yaverland 
of one Hyde Cotsale and others, on whom ye ryght 



72 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

then wase; lived honestlye, and dyed well; leavinge 
three sonnes and four dawghtors; one dawghtor mar- 
yed to Mr. Dennis, another to Mr.Wryght 1 of East Meane 
(Hanberry of Berry ton beinge a coheir of Wryght) ; an 
other to Sturgis, and ye other to Mr. Brenne, ye maddest 
best companion, but somewhat deboyst, that evor I 
knewe. 

MERSTON. 

These Chekes (or in awntient tymes Cheekehills) came 
owt of ye howse of Motston: this Edward Cheke now 
livinge, maryed 3 wyfes, one the dawghtor of Mr. 
Thomas Dennys; Elinor (by whom he had all his 
children) wase ye daughter of Sir William Oglander; 
Ann, ye last, wase a Percivall of Somersetshyre, and ye 
widdowe of one Parsons, a common attowrneye. He 
wase a braue, noble gentleman, a good seaman and 
fellowe; he had a fayre estate, but an ill howsband and 
sowlde mutch; he bwylt ye newe howse in his seconde 
wyfe's time ; Sir John Oglander gave him moste of ye 
timbor yt bwylt itt. He had by his seconde wyfe five 
sonnes John yt dyed in ye warres in ye Low Coun- 
tereyes ; Henry that dyed in ye Isle of Eez ; Edward, ye 
seconde sonn, maryed Grace, ye dawghtor of William 



1 The last descendant of the Richards family bequeathed Yaverland to a 
Rev. Mr. Wright, and the estate continued with his successors till the death 
of J. A. Wright, Esq., of Crowsley Park, Oxford, in 1822. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 73 

Broade, a shopkeper of Newport ; Francis, his dawghtor, 
dyed at schoole at Salisburye. 

APSE. 

Mr. Baskett came into owre Island in Henry ye 8th 
reygne, beinge a younger brother of an awntient famely 
in Dorsetshyre. They bowght Bangborne and there 
fyrst seated themselves, and exchanged it with Eyce for 
his lease of Apse. Eychard, ye fathor of this Eychard 
nowe livinge, was a proper, honest, active gentleman; 
he bought Apse and Wroxall in fee flerme of my Lord 
of Holdernesse, 1 to whom ye King had geven it; which 
wase his undoinge, he beinge in debt before, and I 
wisch his sonn may recover it. His first wyfe wase ye 
dawghtor of Mr. Thos. Dennys, by whom he had one 
dawghtor, fyrst maryed to Eychard, the sonn of William 
Broad of Nuport ; her seconde howsband wase Barnabye, 
ye 3rd sonn of Mr. Barnabye Leygh of Northcoourt ; 
his seconde wyfe wase a Cotton, by whome he had 2 
sonnes and 4 dawghtors. 

BANGBORNE. 

The fyrst of ye Eyces came as a servingman with Sir 
James Worseleye into owre Island, and by his meanes 
procured him a lease of ye fferme of Apse, whych did 
belong to ye Abbeye of Christchurch, wliich they aftor- 

1 John Ramsay, Viscount Haddington, and Earl of Holderness, the first 
and last holder of these titles, died without issue, 1625. 



74 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

wardes exchanged with ye Basketts, of Bangborne ; they 
haue alwayes beene good honest men, and in ye faschion 
betweene a flermor and a gentelman. 

STENBURYE. 

The de Haynoes weare Lords of Stenbury, anno 1488, 
when ye ffrench had taken ye Island and beseyghed 
Caresbroke Castle. 1 One Petrus de Heynoe came to 
Sir Hugh Tyrell, then Captayne of ye Island, and tolde 
him he woold undertake with his sillver bowe to kill ye 
Commaunder of ye Ffrench takinge his time, for he had 
observed him how nyghtes and morninges he came 
neare ye Castle; which on leave he killed owt of a 
loopehole on ye west syde of ye Castle, and by that 
meanes browght ye ffrench to a composition to take 
1000 markes to be begone, and to doe no further 
harme; on which embassage one of ye Oglanders wase 
imployed and effected it. How this famely came to be 
extinct I knowe not, but it came to Eatcliffe, Earl of 
Sussex, whoe sowlde it to Mr. Thomas Worseleye, and 
Eatcliff 2 marryed ye dawghtor and heyre of Anthony 
Powndes. 



1 In 1377, when the towns of Newport, Francheville, and Yarmouth were 
sacked and burnt, and an unsuccessful attack made upon Southampton, Caris- 
brooke Castle alone held out, and repulsed the invaders, who lost many men 
in an ambuscade. 

2 Henry Ratcliffe, Earl of Sussex, married Hoiiora, daughter and heiress 
of Anthony Pounds. He died 1593. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 75 

WOLVERTON, KNYGHTON, APLEDERCOMBE, ETC. 

Hackett hath bene a awiitient and woorsliipful famely 
in owre Island ; they lived at Wolverton in Bynbridge, 
and sometimes at Knyghton. They had (aftor it wase 
taken from ye Abbottes of Montes Burgii) Apleder- 
combe and Weeke, which Leygh had by matchinge with 
his dawghtor and heyre, and Woorseleye by matcliinge 
with ye dawghtor and heyre of Leygh. 

CLATTERFORDE. 

At Clatterforde liveth one James Rookley, a member 
of that awntient howse ; this man hath lived theyre, and 
Ms awncestors inoyed that smal thinge he is nowe 
theyre possessed of evor since Edward ye fyrst's reygne ; 
as may appeare by a dede from Isabella de Fortibus to 
his awncestor. 

OSBERON. 

Lyvibon hath bene an awntient name in owre Island. 
Thos. bwylt ye newe house at Osberon, which liis sonn 
solde to Captayne Mann, and hath bene ye mine of that 
howse; soome bwyldeth and soome destroyeth. The 
owld man Thomas Livibone (or as soom imagine, de la 
bone Isle) wase an honest able gentleman. 

WHIPINGAME. 

The Cheke-hills, or Cheke-hulls, from ye place of 
theyre #boade, as beinge on a hill, as one woold say 
Cheke of ye Hill. Tliis wase a verie awntient famelye. 



76 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Theyre habitation in Henrye ye 3rd reygne wase at 
Whipingame, but there weare manie famelyes of ye 
name, 1 and I verily e conceve these Chekes nowe 
livinge amongst us are linioll descended from these 
Chekehills, and eythor by marridge or pourchase came 
by Motston, where theyre awntient seat as Chekes is. 
For aftor Glamorgan left Motston, whoe wase ye 
awntient honnor of it, I finde ye Chekes immediately 
to succeed them; as Cheke of Merstone, and Sir 
Thomas Cheke of Motston, in Henry ye 8th reygne; 
and as for Boutteville in Northamptonshyre, he came 
owt of this Island as one of ye awntient Chekehills, and 
matched with ye dawghtor and heyre of Boutteville and 
tooke that name, but continueth his own coate ; which 
coate Cheke givinge induceth mee to beleeve they come 
from these Chekehills. But Thomas Cheke, a lewde 
sonn of a discrete fathor, so wide Motston to Mr. Dyl- 
lington, 1623, and soe mutch for both these famelyes, 
both of ye Chekehills, and Cheke 2 of Motston, and 
Cheke of Merstone; and Sir Thomas Cheke 3 of Essex. 

1 In the Inquisitiones post mortem, 5th Edward II., appears "Juliana, the 
wife of Hugh de Chigehull, Wacklonde, one messuage, and sixty acres of land 
and pasture." 

2 Sir John Cheke, the reviver and Professor of Greek at Cambridge, and 
tutor to King Edward VI. , was a member of this family. He was born at 
Cambridge in 1514; his sister, Mary, was the first wife of his pupil, Cecil, 
Lord Burghley. 

3 Grandson of Sir John Cheke ; Knighted by James I. He purchased the 
estate of Pyrgo, near Romford, in Essex, and died 1659. His eldest son, Col. 
Cheke, was Lieutenant of the Tower in the reigns of Charles II. and James II. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 77 

WOTTON. 

Sir John Lislie 1 of Woditon in the Isle of Wyght, 
nowe caled Wotton, wase ye last of ye linioll stem of that 
honorable famely of the de Lislies or de Insula, takeing 
theyre name from ye place of theyre aboad (aftor the 
Conquest) in this Island. Tliis Sir John de Insula lived 
and dyed in Henry ye 8th rayne; he had only one 
dawghtor, which he maryed to Sir Eoger Kingston a 
courtior, and had a good place about ye Kinge. Sir 
Roger Kingston and his wyfe both died before Sir John 
Lislie, levinge but one dawghtor named Marie; this 
Marie beinge one of ye greatest matches then in 
England greate swyte wase made for her, as beinge 
heyre to Lisle and Kingston bothe. Whereupon Sir 
John Lislie desiringe ye continuance of his name and 
famely, and hauinge at that time one Thomas Lislie 
wayghtinge on him, beinge 3rd sonn of Lislie of Keinton, 
a place neare Thruxon, where in ye winter time, Sir 



1 Sir John Lisle was Sheriff of Hampshire in 1506. In an inquisition 
taken in the latter part of the XV. century, the possessions of Sir John Lisle 
in Hampshire and Wiltshire were the bailiwick of Chute Forest ; the Manors 
of Chute, Holt, Wodyton, Shenkeling, Shorewell, Rewe, Bonchurche, Appul- 
dinford, Blackpan, Briddelsford, Mottestone, Underclyffe, Bathingbourne, 
Hartingshott, Chalcroft, Rowde, and Mannesbridge ; Messuages at Bradford, 
Wodehouse, Charleton, Kinge's Enham, and Knight's Enham ; the Manor and 
AdvowBon of Throkeston, and the Advowson of Chumyton. Mansbridge is in 
the parish of South Stoneham, Hants ; and though somewhat disguised by the 
quaint orthography, the names of the manors in the Isle of Wight m.-iy readily 
recognised. 



78 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

John Lislie commonly lived (this Lislie of Keinton wase 
sertaynely of ye same howse and famely, but descended 
owt of the same longe before, and ye name of cosons 
only remayned), Sir John Lislie to avoyd sutors and for 
ye reasons abovesayd maried this Marie Kingston to 
Mr. Thomas Lislie, a young gentleman, 3rd brother and 
of the same famely of the de Insulas, then wayghtinge 
on him. The eldor brother of this Thomas had butt 
one dawghtor, who one Eogiors of Cannington in Somer- 
setshyre maried, and had by her Keinton Parke and 
Nettlestone, and divors other landes in ye Isle of 
Wyght; which Eogiors the sonn sowld as he did Parke 
and Nettlestone to my fathor. Lancelott, the second 
brother, lived as an officer att ye Abbie of Quarr. 
Thomas Lislie wase nowe Knighted, but hauinge no 
child by his wyfe, she beinge fayre, butt weake and 
sillie, Sir John Lislie still livinge and doubtinge least 
ye famely woold be extinct, dyed, and gave in his will, 
Woditon and those landes nowe in the occupation of 
Sir William Lislie, nowe honnor of Woditon, to Lancelott 
Lislie, ye second brother of Sir Thomas Lislie, and to 
issue, if Sir Thomas and Marie his wyfe showld die 
without issue. Sir John wase very tender of conscience, 
for as on ye one syde he desiored to rayse his name, 
so he wase loft to doe an unjust act, to take from ye 
heyres generoll; for Philpott maried one of ye awntes 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 79 

of Sir John Lislie, and another, theye beinge the 

2 coheyres. Philpott had children, ye other Mr. 

had only 2 dawghtors, which one Mr. Samberon 
maried one, and Mr. Dennis maried the other; and 
they 2 had butt as mutch as Philpott, by which you 
may see the greatnes of Sir John Lislie's estate. For 
Sir Edward Dennis at this time hath no landes but 
sutch as by that match he had of Sir John Lislie's, 
besydes mutch that they have since sowld. Sir John 
Lislie died, and wase buryed at Thruxon. 1 Marie 
Kingston, or Kingson, dyed, by whose death all King- 
son's estate descended to ye Kinge James. Aftor the 
dethe of Sir Thomas, who lived not long aftor, Sir John 
Lislie's estate wase rent in divors peeces. Lancelott 
Lislie had Woditon by will of Sir John Lislie, and that 
land they nowe holde. Philpott had ye moyitie of ye 
remaynder, with ye awntient howse Thruxon. Dennis 
and Samberon had ye other moyitie betwene them, as 
comminge from 2 sistors. Lancelott Lislie had butt 
one dawghtor, maried to Eogiers of Cannington, ye 
3rd sonn wase Sir Thomas. Lancelott had for his eldest 
sonn, Thomas ; Thomas had for his eldest sonn, Anthonie ; 
Anthonie had Sir William, now livinge ; Sir William hath 
John. Sic transit gloria mundi. 

1 Thruxton, a pariah in Hampshire, near Andover. In the church is a 
fine brass with canopy of John, Lord Lisle, 1407. 



80 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

BRIDLESFORD. 

Thomas Lislie, brother to Anthony, and unkill to Sir 
William, lived well, and bwylt that howse ; maryed 
ye sistor of Barnebye Colenett, by whome he had 2 
dawghtors, his heyres; one marryed to Mr. Muschampe 
of Eowbarnes in Surry, and ye other to Mr. Chafin in 
Dorsetshyre. 

HAZELY, COMELY, NUNAM, AND QUARR. 

Eychard Milles bowght it on ye disolution (belong- 
inge to Quarr as ye Graunge) with Comely, Nunam and 
Quarr itselve. Eychard dyed, and left it to his sonn 
George, who maryed an heyre in ye north, and lived 
woorshippfully ; wase a Justice of Peace, and kept a 
braue howse. He dyed without issue, and left itt to his 
brother's sonn, Sir Eychard Milles, who sowld it (for 
nothinge) to Sir Thomas Fleminge, Lord Chyfe Justice 
of ye Kinge's Bench, whose fathor wase a merchaunt in 
Nuport; he dyed, and left it to his sonn, Sir Thomas, 
who maryed a Crumwell; 1 and had issue, olso Thomas, 
whoe is ownor of it. So nowe you may see yt greate 
Abby of Quarr, founded by Baldwin Eyvors, nowe come 
to ye posteritie of a merchaunt of Nuport. tempom, 
mores. 

M 8trs Milles, wyfe of George, lived longe a widdowe, 

1 Sir Thos. Fleming, son and successor to the Lord Chief Justice, who died 
1613, married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Henry Cromwell, aunt to the Protector, 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 81 

kept a braue howse, soiurned Sir Edward Horsey, 
browght up moste of ye yonge gentlewomen in ye 
Island, and had ye swaye of ye Island for many yeres. 
She and Sir Edward lived together at Hazely ; not with- 
out soome taxe of incontinency ; for nothinge stoped 
theyre maryadge but that he had a wyfe alive in 
ffrance. She dyed ano dom. 1603. 1 

ASCHYE. 

Gyles Woorsley wase ye fyrst that came into ye Island 
of that ffameley ; he maryed a Tannor's widdowe that 
dwelt at Eide Howse, by whome he had no chyld; then 
he maryed Mr. Geo. Oglander's sistor, on whom he 
gott James ; then he maryed a Tychbourne, by whom 
he had two sonnes, Thomas and John. James, his eldest 
sonn, dyed at Nunwell at ye twenty-second yere of his 
age. and gave his land att Aschye, that his father pour- 
chased on ye disolution, to his brother Thomas; but 
beinge butt of ye halfe blood, there came one Sir Eobert 
Woorselye owt of Lancashire, and recovered ye third 
parte, which he sowld to Mr. Anthonye Dyllington, and 
remaynes as part of ye Manor of Knyghton. Thomas 
maryed a Bowyer, 2 an inherytrixe, by whom he had one 
sonn named Bowyer, and two dawghtors ; one dawghtor 

1 In his notice of her tomb in Arreton Church, Sir John states that she 
died in 1624. 1603 is more likely to be the true date, as Sir Edward Horsey 
died of the plague, at Hazeley, in March, 1582. 

2 Daughter of William Bowyer, of Hoo, Hants. 

I 



82 THE DGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

named Dorothye maryed to one Wooden; Alee mar- 
yed Persone Moore, 1 of Motstone. Bowyer had 200 a 
yere in Sussex by his mother, and maryed Annys, the 
dawghtor of one Mr. Snell, of Glostershyre, by whome he 
had one sonn, John, that dyed 20 yeres of age (at whose 
christninge wase ye greatest drinckinge and uncivil 
mirth that evor I knewe ; ye Earle of Holdernesse 2 wase 
one of his godfathers ; aftor dinner they were to drincke 
healthes, and he had provided a 100 musketiors, 50 in 
ye garden, and 50 in ye coourt, and at every healthe 
these must come and discharge into ye parlour doors, 
where they dranke as mutch smoake as wine) ; and two 
dawghtors, Francis and Barbarye. Francis maryed 
one Hobson, of Essex, and Barbarye one Thornton, 3 of 

1 The Rev. W. More, presented to the living of Mottistone by T. Cooke, 
Esq., 1619. 

2 John Ramsay, who' was page to King James, and attended him on his visit 
to the Earl of Gowrie, in 1600. For his services there in rescuing the King from 
the attack of the conspirators he was rewarded with the title of Viscount 
Haddington. He accompanied the King into England, and in 1620 was created 
Baron Kingston, and Earl of Holderness. Of the King's lands in the Island, 
he obtained a grant of Apse and Wroxall, which he sold to Mr. Baskctt. His 
titles became extinct at his death in 1625. The Earl, though a Scotchman, was 
witty ; and, being a favourite, would sometimes raise a laugh at the expense of 
his royal master. According to L'Estrange, the King one day going hunting, 
with his person and clothes begrimed with dirt and filth, Lord Holderness ex- 
claimed to the surrounding attendants, in the King's presence, "My Lords, 
see our Solomon ! Is this the Solomon you talk of ? If ever old Solomon in all 
his royalty was arrayed like ours, I'll be hanged." 

3 "Old Thornton" and his son "came into the Island," and were there 
entertained by Sir Bowyer Worsley. The younger Thornton and Sir Bowyer'a 
daughter, Barbara, appear to have contracted a clandestine marriage ; as Sir 



THE OGLANDEK MEMOIRS. 83 

Sussex. This Bowyer was knyghted, and sowlde all in 
Sussex that he had by his mother, to a Londinor, and 
Aschey to Mr. Cottele, 1 a Dutchman's sonn. The father 
of Bowyer wase ye maddest fellowe that evor ye Island 
bredd; it woold aske a volume to tell all liis madd 
pranckes as maryinge his mayde, his former wyfe 
alive ; Sir Bowyer did not mutch degenerate, it a good 
neyghbour to them he did affect. He wase improvident, 
wliich cawsed him to spend and to be the overthrowe of 
that howse, and I feare misery will be his end. 

KNYGHTON. 

Sir Theobalde de Georges, Knyght, lived at Knyghton 
(alias Knyghtown), they weare a verie awntient famelye, 

Bowyer was not informed of it till too late, nor was, possibly, "Old Thornton," 
who on hearing of the matter, "went away in a rage." Sir Bowyer sent his 
son after him, and kept his daughter at home. Several meetings then followed, 
and efforts were made to come to an agreement satisfactory to both parties. 
Thornton and his son demanded 1000 as a portion with Sir Bowyer 's daughter ; 
Sir Bowyer strove hard to make it 500, but finally agreed to pay 500 down, 
and to sign a bond for another 500, with the understanding that the bond 
would be considered fictitious, and only to show ostensibly that the portion of 
his daughter was 1000. This passed for the time, but there are two parties to 
a bargain ; and shortly after Sir Bowyer was arrested on his bond. On appli- 
cation to Lord Conway he procured his liberty, and in June, 1629, he again 
petitioned the same nobleman for a place in a royal ship or castle, or at least a 
protection from arrest. S. P., Dom. t VoL 144- 1629. 

I Thomas Coteile, the younger, Sheriff for Hants, 1631, who settled the 
lands he purchased on the issue of his sister Mary, wife of Sir Richard 
Edgcumbe, Kt. , of Mount Edgcumbe, Devon. Her son, Piers Edgcumbe, 
succeeded to the property in 1640. In 1646, he was treated as a delinquent 
by the Parliamentary Commissioners; his estates were sequestered, and he 
was fined 2500. 50 per an. was ordered to be paid out of the profits of 
the impropriated Rectory of Newchurch, part of the delinquent's estate. 

i2 



84 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

and lived there verie well; they had theyre chappell, 
and there, weare manie of them buryed, and had fayre 
monumentes; ye chappell is no we tourned to a brew- 
howse, and ye churchyarde to an orchard. They had a 
parke there on ye west syde of ye howse, and ye village 
wase called Knyghtes Towne, or Knyghton nowe, and 
ye howse, Knyghton Georges. The Lady Ellenor de 
Georges wase possessor of itt in Edward ye Fyrst's 
reygne, and helde Knyghton by three Knyghtes' fees; 
My Lord Georges, 1 of Wiltshyre, commeth of a yonger 
howse of these Georges. Itt aftorwardes by matches 
came to ye Hacketts, 2 and from them to ye Gilbertes, 
of whom Mr. Anthonye Dyllington 3 bowght itt in ye 
lattor ende of Henry 8th reygne. 

ROWRIDGE. 

The Gilbertes weare an awntient name in owre 
Island, they weare awntiently possessors of Eowridge 
and Haddele. They became aftorwardes by marridge, 
to be honnors of Knyghton, whiche they sowlde to Mr. 
Anthonye Dyllington, and then seated themselves in 
Somersetshyre. 



1 Sir Edward Gorges, of Langford, Wilts, created Baron Gorges, of Dun- 
dalk, 1620. Extinct 1712. 

2 Hackett married one of the co-heiresses of Sir Maurice Russell. The 
last of this name left two daughters, one of whom, Joan, married Gilbert, of 
Whitcombe, Somerset. 

3 Anthony Dillington bought Knyghton in 15G3. 



THE OGLANDEB MEMOIRS. 85 

EAST STANNUM (STANDEN). 

I fynd by awntient evidences that William Urrey, 1 
Esq., in Edward ye 4th reynge, had but 2 dawghtors, 
which Hollis and Bremshotte maryed, and had Urreye's 
estate betwixt them. I olso fynd that ye awntient Urrey 
lived at East Stannum, but wheathor he had it from 
Everci, eythor by match or pourchase, itt is uncertayne. 
With this awntient Urrey, the Oglanders hath matched 
in theyre howse, and theye in the Oglanders. Butt 
although by awthoritie they no we giveth ye 3 faulcons, 2 
ye awntient coate of ye Urryes, it there may be a 
quere how they deriveth themselves from those Urryes. 

EAST NUNWELL. 

The Keenes weare an awntient name, they weare 
owners of East Nunwell by a match from whome Eopely 
of Cliiddingefold in Sussex hadd it, whoe sowlde itt in 
fee fferme to Oliver Oglander, Esqr., and aftorwardes ye 

1 In a Chantry Certificate Roll of Edward VI. is found: "The chaple of 
Standeu, founded by thauncestors of William Urrey, to thentente to haue a 
prest to singe for ever for thease of them and theyre famylye, and also to 
mynister all sacramentes to them and theyre famylye. The same chaple is 
scituate and edyfyed w'thin the p'risch of Arreton in the Isle of Wyghte, half 
a myle dystaunt from ye p'risch church. The value of the lande and tythes to 
the same chaple belongynge by yeare, Ciiij vjs., viijd.," of which sum, after 
deducting a tenth, rent to the King, and 3s. 4d. to the Vicar of Arreton, there 
remained 3 13s. 4d., "which one John Reeve, clerk, dothe receyve to his 
owne use, not servinge or mynystrynge there accordinge to thentente of the 
founders. " 

2 The arms of the Urreys were gules, a chevron between three falcons 
argent. 



86 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

fee to Sir John Oglander. Kychard Keene 1 of this 
famely lived in Henry ye Seventh's reygne, and wase 
wryghten Esqr.; he marryed Cicely, 2 one of ye 
dawghtors of Edward ye 4th, King of England, being 
her last howsband ; he wase a verie p'sonable man, and 
lived here in ye Island with his wyfe at East Stannum ; 
where he buryed her, and had her enterred in ye 
greate church in ye Abbye of Quarre accordinge to 
her dignity e. 

WEST NUNWELL. 

Nowe altogeathor delapidated, before itt wase con- 
sumed with fyre in Henry VI. tyme, itt wase a goodlie 
howse, and a greate vilage of 50 howses belonginge to 
itt, wherein there wase neare 100 inhabitantes or moore. 
The de Oglanders is as awntient as any famelye in ye 
Island. They came in with Conquest owt of Normandie, 
and receaveth name from ye appelation of ye place in 
Normandie from whence they came. And they haue 
not wanted Knyghtes olso to this fyrst hundred yeres 
aftor ye Conquest than they haue since; yett this is 
theyre comforte, that they haue not only bene matched 



1 By some writers called Kyme, and stated be of a Lincolnshire family. 

2 She was the third daughter of Edward IV. by his wife Elizabeth, and 
was betrothed when very young to the Prince Royal of Scotland, son of 
James III. Her first husband was John Lord Welles, a cousin of Henry VII., 
by whom she had two daughters. He died in 1498, and his widow married 
Keene, or Kyme, about the beginning of 1504. She died August 24, 1507. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 87 

and given wyfes to moste of ye awntient famelyes of ye 
Island, but that ye name is still extant in a linioll 
descent from father to sonn, which I wisch maye longe 
continue. The awntient howse of theyre habitation 
wase at West Nunwell, where wase awntiently a greate 
village, where they had 40 tennantes under them, and 
a fayre howse, till it wase twyce burned once by ye 
enernye when that sepulture wase on topp of ye hill, 
and once by casualtie. 

THE PRIORY OF ST. HELLENS. 

Mr. Emanuell Badd wase a verie poor man's sonn, 
and bownd aprentice to one Bernard, a shoemaker in 
IS uport ; but by God's blessinge and ye losse of 5 wyfes, 
he grewe very ritch, 1 pourchased ye priory, and mutch 
other landes in ye Island ; at last he pourchased Chumsly 
fferme, which he had by his last wyfe, being a relict of 

1 Mr. E. Badd was High Sheriff of Hampshire 1627. Towards the end of 
his life he left the Island, and dying, was buried in the old church at Fareham, 
Hants, where, before its restoration in 1887, his epitaph could be read as fol- 
lows on a slab in the chancel : 

"On the truly worthy Emanuel Bad, Esquire. 
Reader knowst thou who loges here 
lie tell thee: when I have I feare 
Thoult scarce beleeve mee, tis good Bad ; 
Noe contradiction neither I have had 
The triall of this truth, and on this stone 
Engrave this wish now hee is gone. 
Sue good a Bad doth this same grave contain 
Would all like Bad were that with us remaine. 

Hee deceased August the 18th 1632." 

In 1637 Thos. Badd, of Fareham, son of Emanuel, was summoned before the 
Court of Star Chamber for refusing to pay the amount of ship money at which 
he had been assessed. 



00 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Ludloe; he wase a verie honest man, and a verie good 
frynd of mine. 

BUDBRIDGE. 

Eychard Cooke, of Budbridge, wase Captayne of 
Sandam Castell, a braue fellowe, came alwayes to 
Arreton Church in his wrought velvet gowne, and 12 
of his sowldiors with halibardes wayghted upon him. 
His estate fell to 2 dawghtors, Captayne Bourly marryed 
one, and Hambrydge ye other. 

LANGUARD. 

The Knyghtes 1 weare nevor accompted any gentle- 
men. I knewe well Michael Knyght, the fathor of this 
Thos. now livinge, who woold nevor be called other 
than Goodman Knyght. He marryed with ye sistor of 
olde Thomas Urrye, by whom he had this Thomas, now 
livinge, who marryed with one of ye dawghtors of 
Page, of Sevington, a rytch fiermor, and in tyme (he 
gettinge wealth) may tourne gentleman. 

GROVE. 

Fitchett hath bene an awntient name, and many gen- 
tlemen of that famely, this is of ye younger howse, the 
elder extinct in heyres females, the confusion of many 
good famely s; and with God's blessinge he may growe 
up agayne as ye Urryes hath. 

1 The nave of Brading Church is partly paved with the tombstones of this 
family, many having their armorial bearings. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 89 

HALE. 

Awntiently Hawle, where ye awntient famely of De 
Aula lived; they weare Knyghtes of good accoumpt, 
and lived in S' Laurance p'rish, or neare theyre aboutes. 
Undor Wade alias Wathe, or Ware, theyre howses name 
wase called Hawle. William Eussell, 1 of Yaverland, 
Knyght, marryed ye dawghtor and heyre of Sir Thomas 
Hawle. And soe ye eldor howse of these Hawles weare 
extinct, but theyre weare manie younger brothers' 
children. Insomutch as theyre be many of ye name 
still left alive in ye Island, butt of no greate fortunes, 
wherefore they ar not nowe in the esteeme of gentle- 
men. A Knyght of this famely wase witness to ye 
charter grawnted by Isabella, Ladye of ye Islande, to 
ye towne of Nuport. 

Shambler 2 is butt a yeoman, his predecessors beinge 
only ffermors of Binbridge Ferine. This William nowe 
living, is a gentill fellowe, and a pretty scholler; he 
maryed ye dawghtor of one Mr. Smith in Sussex. 

PANN. 

Barnabye Colenet 3 and his father, who wase a greate 

1 By his second wife, Jane, daughter of Rob. Peverell, ancestor of the Dukes 
of Bedford. 

2 At the time this was written, the Manor of Hale was in the possession of 
Sir John Oglander, and Shambler was his tenant. He was one of the select 
farmers who took part in the diversions of the governor and gentry of the 
Island at their meetings on St. George's Down. 

3 Colnett purchased the Manor of Pan from the trustees of Thomas Carew, 
Esq., about the beginning of the reign of Queen Mary. 



90 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

mann with Sir Edward Horsey, weare possessors of 
Pann; but Edward, 1 his unthriftie sonn, sowlde it to Mr. 
Thomas Kemp. 

WAYGHTES COORTE. 

Wayght, of Wayghtes Coorte, hath beene a very 
awntient gentleman in owre Island ; I bowght itt of him 
for my nephewe, Kempe, 2 for 2500, so Wayght is 
nowe extinct. 

KINGESTON. 

The Kingestones line, masculine, ended in Eychard ye 
2nd reygne, and one Drewe, of Sussex, maryed ye 
heyre female; who had but one dawghtor, which ye 
sonn of one Mewse that dwelt at Lymingeton, maryed; 
and so came to be honnor of Kingeston. Mewse, of 
Lymingeton, theyre lyeth buryed with an inscription on 
a marble stone. There hath beene 3 Knyghtes of ye 
Mewses since they came to itt: Sir William that wase a 
sowldier in Spayne, and Sir John and William in Kinge 
James' reygne. 

Sir John, the father of Sir William Mewx, or Mewse, 
they came into ye Island about Eychard ye Second's 
reyne, and matched with Ann, ye dawghtor and heyre 

1 Edward Colnett sold all his lands in the Island, among them Combley 
and Pan, and emigrated to Virginia. 

2 Son of Thomas Kemp, Esq., of the New Forest, who married Mary, sister 
of Sir J. Oglander. . 



THE OGLANDEB MEMOIRS. 91 

of Kychard Drew, who maryed ye dawghtor and heyre 
of that awntient famely of ye De Kingestones, and so 
came to be possessed of Kingeston, and that landes 
they nowe hathe. Sir John Mewx wase ye fyrst knyght 
of ye name here in owre Island, who maryed Cycely, 
ye dawghtor of one Button, and had issue, 2 sonnes and 
2 dawghtors. Sir William, ye eldest sonn, maryed for 
his fyrst wyfe ye dawghtor of Sir Francis Barrington ; 
his seconde wyfe, ye widdowe of one Eamon, and sis tor 
to Sir Gilbert 1 Gerrard, of Harrow on ye Hill., neare 
London, by whom he had one dawghtor. Bartholomew 
maryed olso another sistor of ye sayd Sir Gilbert 
Gerrard, by whome he had issue. Elinor, ye eldest 
dawghtor, maryed one Compton. 2 of Gloucestershyre ; 
ye younger dawghtor maryed one Mr. William Hick- 
ford, 3 of ye same shyre. I beleeve ye Mewxes or Mewys 
not to be very greate 4 gentlemen, for ye fyrst y* maryed 
Drew's dawghtor, of Kingston, had bene constable of 
Lymingeton. I haue scene a record of itt, notwith- 
standinge they may be goode gentlemen. 5 



1 William. 2 W. Compton, Esq., of Hertbury. 

3 W. Higford, Esq., of Dixon. 

4 The Meauxs were really greater gentlemen than Sir John imagined ; as Sir 
John Meaux, his contemporary, by the marriage of his father, William Mcaux, 
with Eleanor, daughter of Sir Henry Strangways, could claim descent in the 
female line from the Nevilles, Earls of Westmoreland, and Edward III. 

5 Lodovick Meux married Alice, daughter and heir of William Drew, Esq., 
of Kingston, whose ancestor, William Drew, had married Eleanor, the heiress 



92 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

WOOLVERTON. 

Dinglye came olso into owre Island in Rychard ye 
Seconde's reygne, beinge of an awntient famely in Kent. 
John Dinglye, ye grandfather of Sir John nowe livinge, 
wase long Liftennant of this Island under Sir George 
Carye, whose sistor, 1 a handsome woman, Sir William 
Moore, of Losely, maryed, but dyed without issue. Mr. 
Eychard Woorseley and he weare both in love with her 
at one time, but Mr. Woorseley sourrendered to his 
good frynd Mr. William More, afterwardes knyghted. 
The fyrst of this famely that came into owre Island 
matched with ye daughter and heyre of that awntient 
famelye Ealfe De Woolverton, by whome they now 
inioye Woolverton. John Dinglye had one sonn and 
three dawghtors. Eychard, his sonn, wase ye father of 
this Sir John now livinge, and 2 dawghtors. Elizabeth, 
ye eldest dawghtor of Mr. John Dinglye, maryed Sir 



of the De Kingstons. The grandson of Lodovick Meux, Sir William, was the 
first knight of this family, and he, after two descents, was succeeded by Sir 
John Meux, Kt., of Kingston, who married Cecily, daughter of Sir William 
Button, Kt., of Wilts. His son, Sir William Meux, Kt., married first, Wini- 
fred, daughter of Sir Francis Barrington, of Barrington Hall, Essex, and had 
issue, John, his heir, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard Worsley, 
Bt., of Appuldurcombe. This John Meux was created a baronet Dec. 11, 
1641. The title became extinct in 1706. 

1 Mabel, daughter of Marchion Dingley. Richard Worsley, Captain of the 
Island, died 1564, and left his former rival, W. More, Esq., of Loseley, Surrey, 
20 and one of his geldings, and appointed him one of the trustees of his will. 
He also left his son George (afterwards Sir George More) his case of silver 
tools. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 93 

John Leygh (they beinge first Lord and Ladye at a 
Maypole togeathor, by whych you may see ye coustom 
of those times), whoe succeeded him in liis Liftennant's 
place. He (Mr. J. Dingley) bwylt the newe liowse att 
Wool ver ton, by whych you may judge of his wisdome. 
Sir John, ye fyrst Knight of that famely, maryed Jane, 
ye dawghtor of Doctor Hammon, 1 sometime schole- 
mastor of Eaton, and phisition to Kinge James. This 
Sir John lived altogeathor neare London, and not in 
owre Island, as beinge drawen thethor by ye instigation 
of his wyfe and her ffryndes. He wase longe a Justice 
of ye Peace ; I gave him his oath at Numvell Anno Dom 
1614, but he nevor executed his office, beinge made by 
his fathor-in-lawe's procurement pourposely to take ye 
place of Mr. Barnabye Leygh, 2 his cosen german. Be- 
tweene these wase nevor good quarter. 3 Mabell, ye 

1 Dr. John Hammond, of Chertsey, physician to Prince Henry, and 
formerly Professor of Greek in the University of Cambridge, father of the 
learned Dr. Henry Hammond. 

2 Son of Sir John Leigh, of Northcourt. 

3 Sir John Dingley, probably on account of his father having been Deputy- 
Lieutenant of the Island under Sir G. Carey, at the command of the Earl of 
Pembroke, Governor of the Island, drew up and presented to that nobleman 
a not very favourable report of the state of the Island and its inhabitants in 
1642. Robert, son of Sir J. Dingley, was a Puritan divine and Rector of 
Brighstone, at the time his cousin, Col. Hammond, was Governor of the Island. 
He was the author of several theological works, and died 1059. On a stone 
in the chancel of Brighstone Church is this inscription " Heare lyeth ye 
body of Mr. Robert Dingley, minister of this place, 2nd son of Sir John 
Dingley, Kt. , who dyed in the 40th year of his age, on ye 12th of January, 
1659." 



94 THE OGLANDEB MEMOIRS. 

other dawghtor of John Dinglye, maryed Mr. Barnabye 
Leygh, ye brother of Sir John Leygh, whoe dwelt at 
Wellowe neare Thorley, and commaunded that companye 
duringe his life; ye 3rd dawghtor maryed John Earls- 
man, of Calberon. 

SHORWELL. 

William, of Sorewell, wase honnor of North Sorewell, 
no we called Shorwell, where Mr. Leygh dwelleth. 
These Sorwelles weare verie awntient, and gaue soom 
landes and tythes owt of this manner of Sorewell in 
Henry ye 2nd reygne. There weare divors of this 
name, butt wheathor theye tooke name from ye place 
or ye place from them is uncertayne, only thus mutch, 
the famelye endinge in an heyre female, she went and 
wase a nunn in ye Abbeye of Laycocke, to which 
Nunnerye in Wiltshyre she gave her Manner of North 
Shorwell. 1 On ye disolution one Mr. Temms bowght 
that and other landes in ye Islande beinge apurtenances 
to itt, and so wide moste of it againe to Mr. Leygh, or 
rathor to his father, Sir John Leygh. 



1 North Shorwell, or Northcourt, was part of the lands of the De Redvers, 
Earls of Devon, and Lords of the Isle of Wight, and remained in the possession 
of that family till the latter part of the reign of Henry III., when Amicia, 
Countess of Devon, and widow of Baldwin de Redvers, gave it to the Nunnery 
of Laycock, Wilts. Margaret, daughter of the Countess, was a nun at Lay- 
cock ; and her sister, Isabella de Fortibus, Countess of Albemarle and Devon, 
and Lady of the Isle of Wight, confirmed the grant to the abbey in the reign 
of Edward I. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 95 

MOTSTON, BARTON, BROOKE, WOOLVERTON, HARDLEY, 
AND LANDGARDE. 

Sir Roberte de Glamorgan lived in Edward ye fyrste's 
reynge, he was Honnor of Motstone and Barton in 
Whippinghame P'rsch, which nowe belongeth to Win- 
chestor Colledge; but wheathor he or anye of his 
awncestors turned into an oratorye to praye for theyre 

sowles, itt is uncertayne There 

weare divors knyghtes of this famelye in all theyre 
wryghtinges styled Lordes of Glamorgan, and they sate 
in ye Upper Howse of Parliament. They maryed ye 
dawghtor and heyre of William Mascorell, Lorde of 
Brooke, by whom they had ye Mannor of Brooke and 
Uggeton, 1 exceptinge that parte that wase formerly e 
given by the Mascorelles to ye Knyghtes Templars by 
one Knyghtes fee, to be helde of ye Castle of Cares- 
brooke. This sayde Roberte Glamorgan 2 wase a greate 
Lorde in ye east p't of owre Island, for he wase honnor 
of ye Mannor of Woolverton and Hardlye. both in Bynd- 
bridge. This Woolverton hath beene formerlye a good 
Gentleman's estate, nowe one Thomas Knyght hath it 
on lease. Theyre they had theyre chappell, p't whereof 

1 On the suppression of the Knights Templars, Uggeton was given to the 
DomuB Dei at Portsmouth, and on the dissolution of religious houses it 
escheated to the Crown. 

2 The only vestige now remaining of this knightly family in the Island is 
in the name "Clamerkins," a farm near New town. 



96 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

I have sene standinge, called Centurions' 1 Chappell. 
This Glamorgan sometimes lived there; he had olso in 
ye P'risch of Bradinge, Landgarde, Scotesfield, and 
soom land in Sandam. The Oglanders matched into 
this famelye. The howse ended in a idiot t, and so ye 
landes came to 2 dawghtors, of which Eooklye, of 
Eooklye, maryed one, and by her he had Brooke and 
divors landes in Bradinge p'risch. The Eooklyes olso 
fallinge into heyres females, the Manner of Brooke 
came to Bowreman, 2 who maryed one of Eookleye's 
dawghtors, beinge then his servant and wayghtinge 
upon him. Hackett maryed ye other, by whom he 
had Glamorgan's land in Byndbridge, and lived at 
Woolverton; but how Merston went awaye I cannot 
conceve, except to Cheke, alias Chekehill, because they 
lived at Whippingame, on ye Hill. 

ALFINGTON. 

One of ye most awntientest famelyes of owre Island 
wase ye St. Martins, of Alfington, or Avington. Sir 
William de Sancto Martino lived in Edward ye Fyrstes 
reynge, and held ye Manner of Alfington (awntiently 
so written), Shyde, and Fayrlee. Manie greate fameleys 
came owte of this howse as ye Earles Warren, and 



1 St. Urian's. 

2 Thomas Bowreman, who married Joanna, daughter and heir of John 
Rookley. She died 1501. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 97 

Mortimer, beinge both ye sonns of Walter de Martin, 
and most of ye Martins in England. Alfington wase 
then a greate manner, untill it wase dismembered ; butt 
howe that greate famelye came to be extinct, and of 
whom Sir Nicholas Waddam bought part of ye mannor 
in Henry ye 7th reygne, I cannot tell, hauinge not seene 
ye evidences. But this I am sure that Sir Nicholas 
Waddam on ye death of his wyfe, that dyed and was 
buryed in Caresbrook Church, grewe owt of love with 
ye Island, and sowlde Alfington to one Harvie that wase 
his servant, and came into ye Island with him. This 
Waddam wase Captayne of owre Island. I find one Sir 
Stephen Popham, Knt., wase Honnor of this Mannor 
in Henry ye 6th reynge, of whom I think Waddam 
bowght it. 1 

1 The direct line of the St. Martins, of Avington, ended with Sir Lawrence 
St. Martin, who dying without issue, his sister Sibyl became heiress of his 
estates. She married Sir John Popham, whose successor, Stephen Popham, 
left no male issue, and bequeathed Avington. Shide, and other lands in the 
Island to his daughter, Elizabeth, one of his co-heiresses. Her husband was 
John Wadham, from whom Avington descended to his grandson, Sir Nicholas 
Wadham, who in 1509 was appointed by Henry VIII. Captain of the Island 
and Steward of the Crown Lands therein. His second wife was Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Seymour, of Wolf Hall, Wilts, aunt to Jane Seymour, 
third wife of Henry VIII. In the north aisle of Carisbrooke Church is a 
monument with effigy of this Lady Wadham, who is often wrongly stated to 
have been the sister of Queen Jane Seymour. Sir Nicholas Wadham 's tenure 
of office as Captain of the Island was brief, as he was superseded by J. 
Worseley, Groom of the Robes to the King, in 1513. If his wife died tafore 
he left the Island, he must have survived her some years, for in 1523 license 
was granted to him and his heirs to empark 200 acres of pasture, and 40 
ores of wood on the Manor of Meriafield, Somerset, and to make enclosures 

K 



98 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

SHALFLETE. 

The Trenchardes hath bene a verie awntient famelye, 
they haue continued longe in owre Island, and there 
haue bene 8 knyghtes successively, one aftor ye other. 
Sir Henry lived in Edward ye Fyrst's reynge, and wase 
possessor of ye Manner of Shalflete and Chessell, and 
divors other landes in Shalflete p'rische. One peece 
named Walderon 1 Trenchardes he had olso in St. 
Hellens p'rische neare Troublefyld. They sowlde in ye 
Island by degrees, and have now sowlde all and seated 
themselves in Dorsetshire. 2 

SWAYNSON. 

Thomas Mountacute or Mountague, aftorwardes Earle 
of Salisburye, had given unto him by Edward the 
III. in ye 9th yere of his reygne, 1000 marks in land 
p' annum for his good service in aprehending of Eogior 
Mortimer, Earle of Marche. This Mountague had, as 



round the same. Sir Nicholas seems always to have enjoyed the favor of his 
sovereign, being often appointed with his superiors in rank to survey and 
report upon the musters and array of different counties ; he was frequently in 
commission for Hants and Somerset, and in 1514 was sheriff of Devon. In 
1530 he was appointed one of the commissioners to report on the effects of 
Cardinal Wolsey ; and dying soon after, was buried at Ilminster, Somerset. 

1 The only vestige of this family now remaining in the parish of Shalfleet 
is in the name of the farm " Warlands," situated near the village. 

2 Henry Trenchard recovered lands in the Isle of Wight at an Assize held 
at Winchester, 3rd of Henry VI. , but the family finally left the Island in the 
reign of Edward IV. Sir Thomas Trenchard, of Wolverton, was Sheriff of 
Dorset in 1635. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 99 

itt is reputed, the Manner of Swaynson and Whitwell of 
ye sayd Kinge Edward, as part of his 1000 markes p* 
annum. In Shalflete Church one of them lyeth buryed, 
under a fayre stone next to ye walle of ye northe isle. 
But how this Mannor of Swaynson came from ye 
Bischopricke of Winton 1 (quere?), for that itt did be- 
longe to ye Bischopes of Winchester appeareth by ye 
severoll charters gratinted by them to Newtowne, awn- 

tiently parte of ye sayd manner From 

these Mountagues ye Mannor of Swaynson and Whit- 
well descended by ye line female to greate Neville, ye 
make King, Earle of Warwick and Salisburie, and by 
his dawghtor to George, Duke of Clarence, whose 
dawghtor and heyre, named Margarett, wase maryed 
obscurely by Henry ye 7th (hauinge a vast estate as 
heyre to 3 Earles) to one Eychard Pole, 2 Knyght, 



1 Swainston was taken from John de Pontissera, Bishop of Winchester, by 
Edward I. The Pope having appointed the Bishop to the See of Winchester 
contrary to the wish of the King, the Bishop found himself so harassed and 
distressed by the effects of the royal displeasure, that to make his peace, he 
surrendered to the King his Manor of Swainston, and also paid him a large sum 
of money to secure the peaceable enjoyment of the other temporalities of his 
Bishopric. John de Pontissera, or rather John Sawbridge, was an English- 
man, and had been Chancellor of Oxford and Archdeacon of Exeter. At the 
time of his appointment to the See of Winchester, he was Professor of Civil 
Law at Modena. 

2 Sir Richard Pole was descended from an ancient Welsh family, and was 
son of Sir Geoffrey Pole, Kt. He was much esteemed by Henry VII., and 
by him made Chief Gentleman of the Bedchamber to his son, Prince Arthur, 
and Knight of the Garter, 

K2 



100 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Comptroller of ye sayd Kinge's Howsehold, a Welch- 
man neythor of any estate or byrth. They lived at 
Warblington, neare Havant in Hampshyre, which howse 
she bwylt, and ye makinge ye mountes in ye garden cost 
her her lyfe. For King Henry ye 8th sayd it wase for 
fortifycations, and so tooke a small occasion to take off 
her head, both to secure his crowne and to gayne 
crownes into his purse by escheate of her lardge estate. 
By Pole she had 3 sonns and one dawghtor, Ursula, 
maryed to Henry Lord Stafford, and by matches from 
ye Poles came ye greatest part of ye estate to be 
divided betweene Stafford and Barrington. 1 Barrington 
by this meanes came to be Honnor of ye Manner of 
Swaynson, and Sir Jeffery Pole sowld ye Manner of 
Whitwell, in ye lyfetime of his mother to severoll 
p'sons. Ford, that Nicholas Numam hath, wase part 
of ye sayd manner. Sir Eychard Pole wase very old 
when Henry ye 7th maryed him to ye Countes of 
Salisbtirie, she beinge a braue-spirited younge woman, 



1 After the execution of the Countess Margaret, Swainston again reverted 
to the Crown, and was granted by Queen Mary to Winifred, second daughter 
of Henry Lord Montague, son of the Countess of Salisbury, who was executed 
for treason about a year before his mother. Winifred married first Sir Thomas 
Hastings (whose brother Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, had married her elder 
sister, Catherine), by whom she had no issue ; and secondly, Sir Thomas Bar- 
rington, Kt., of Barrington Hall, Essex, by whom she had two sons and a 
daughter. Sir John Barrington, the seventh baronet (1700 1776) was the first 
of the family who fixed his permanent residence at Swainston, 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 101 

hopinge she showld haue no children by him; but she 
hauinge children, browght them to ye Coorte in white 
coates, pourposely that Henry ye 7th might see them. 
Sir Jeflery Pole dwelt at Lordington, in Sussex, and 
had issue which lived to see wantes, so this greate 
estate came to nothinge. 

AFFETON. 

The Affe tones, of Afieton (nowe Awghtons), gave 
place to none for noblenes or antiquitie of birth. There 
weare fower knyghtes of this famely successively, and 
they weare in greate accoumpte with ye Earl Eyvors, 
Lordes of owre Island; but howe that famely wase 
extinct and itt came to Ringbone, and from them to 
the Bruines, 1 of Rowner, in Alverstoke p'risch by 
Portesmouth, whoe sowlde it, parte to David Urrye and 
the rest to others, itt doth not it to mee apeare. 

NEWPORT. 

Till anno dom. 1532 there wase no markett for 
beastes in owre towne of Nuport; Mr. Nicholas Searle 
when he was maior wase ye fyrst that paved both ye 
come and beast markett. In those tymes the stretes 
weare not paved, but lay most wet and beastlye, with 
greate stoppeles to stepp over ye kennell from ye one 
syde to ye other. 

1 The Bruins or Brewin family were Lords of the Manor of Fordingbridge, 
H.ints, in the beginning of the reign of Elizabeth. 



102 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Mr. March, of Nuport, hath a very fayre dede sealed 
by Isabella de Fortibus in her widdowehoode, whereby 
she giveth the tythe of all ye coneyes on her Mannor 
of Thorley to ye Abby of Twinam (nowe Christchurch, 
since her grandfather bwyldinge of that church and 
monasterye so dedicated) to pray for her sowle and ye 
sowle of William her husband, with these witnesses and 
date to it Gilbertus de Honnoyle, Johannes de Sancta 
Ellena, Eychardus de Afton, Knyghtes, Geflery of the 
Isle, Henricus de Vernaye, Eogerus de Gardino, and 
many others; dated 1292: The scale a fayre cross with 
an inscription abowte it. 

There weare 3 Nuport men, servants to Queene Eliza- 
beth, att one and ye same time, and attendinge her in 
good repute and ffaschion, and to use ye Queen's owne 
woordes to Ladye Walsinghame one wase for her 
sowle viz. Dr. Eades, 1 ye sonn of a clothier who dwelt 
att ye corner howse in ye Beastemarket ; he was Rector 
of Freschwater, and Deane of Woorcester, and Chap- 
layne in Ordinarye; the other for her bodye viz. Dr. 



1 Dr. Richard Edes, student of Christchurch, Oxford, 1571, Chaplain to the 
Queen 1586, and Dean of Worcester 1596. By King James he was appointed 
one of the translators of the Bible, but died before the work was begun in 
1604. Some Latin and English poems by him are existent in MS., and he was 
the author of a volume of sermons. His mother was Alice, daughter of Thus. 
James. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 103 

James, 1 her Phisition in Ordinarye, and one that day lie 
redd to her; his fathor lived att ye corner howse to ye 
west of ye Fischmarket ; ye third Mr. Thos. ffleminge 2 
for her goodes ; his fathor wase a mercier in Nuport, 
and lived att ye corner howse tourninge into ye Corn- 
market; ye 3 weare cosens germain. Woold that 
Nuport or ye countery everye adge coold putt foorth 
three sutch as these, but in troth theyre advauncement 
wase owinge to Sir ffrancis Walsinghame havinge mar- 
ried theyre counterywoman, 3 ye widowe of Sir Eychard 
Woorseley, and ye Earle of Essex theyre dawghtor. 4 

The schoolemaystor of Nuport is to be chosen by and 
with ye consent of ye Maior and Justices of ye Towne 
of Nuporte, and by and with ye consent of ye chefest 
of ye knyghtes and gentlemen of ye Island, whoe have 
as free a choyce in his ellection as ye maior; this wase 



1 Son of Mark James, a merchant of Newport. 

2 Thomas Fleming, afterwards Serjeant-at-Law, Recorder of London, 
Solicitor General 1595 (for which post Bacon was a rival candidate), and at 
the death of Popham, 1607, Lord Chief Justice of England ; married his 
cousin, Mary James, at St. Thomas's Church, Newport, Feb. 13, 1570. He 
purchased the lease of Carisbrooke Priory from Sir F. Walsingham, and the 
lands of Quarr Abbey from the representatives of the Mills family, and died 
in 1613. 

3 Ursula, daughter of Henry St. Barbe, of Ashington, Somerset. 

4 Frances, daughter of Sir F. Walsingham and Ursula his wife, who mar- 
ried first Sir Philip Sidney, next Robert, Earl of Essex, who was beheaded in 
1600, and thirdly Richard de Burgh, Earl of Clanricarde and St. Albans. 



104 THE OGLANDEK MEMOIRS. 

concluded before mee at ye Towne Halle, when Mr. 
Elgor ye fyrst schoolemaystor wase then in ye lyke 
maiinor chosen after ye ellection of ye Maior, whoe 
con fir me th under his towne seale, becawse ye schoole 
cowld not be made over to anye other but by way of 
mortmayne to ye towne. The landes that weare given 
to ye schoole, and rent charge, totoll 20, besides ye 
howse. Honyhill 1 beinge formerly pt of ye fforrest, 
wase by my Lord of Sowthamptones aprobation en- 
cloased for a mayntenance to ye schoole. Itt is no we 
stated for 8 per ami.; when it is owt of lease it will 
be woorth 20. Sir Thomas Ffleminge 5, ye schoole 
howse and gardens 10, Sir Eychard Woorsleye 16s.4d., 
Sir John Oglander 1, which I will not continue, beinge 
geven conditionallie that they showld use Mr. Elgor 
well, whoe I browght thethor, and I found nothinge 
less. Mr. Searle, in a howse, 1 . 10 . 0; Mr. Cheeke 
10s.; Mr. Pettice, in a howse, 1.9.0; Eychard 
Garde in land 2. 

There is an awntient custome in Nuport, time owt of 

1 The Grammar School at Newport was founded in 1614, by Sir Thos. 
Fleming, with the aid of Sir J. Oglander and other gentlemen of the Island. 
In the reign of Henry V. Agnes Attelode and John Earlsman made a grant of 
about 34 acres of land, situated on Hunnyhill, to the bailiffs and burgesses of 
Newport ; and in 1619 the mayor and burgesses of the town, with the advice 
and assistance of Sir T. Fleming and the Earl of Southampton, appropriated 
this estate to the sole benefit of the newly established school. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 105 

mynd, that ye Viccor of Caresbrook did alwayes come 
to his Chappell of Nuport on Eastor Daye 1 and admin- 
istor the sacrament, and he wase to dine with ye Baylie 
nowe maior of Nuport, and at suppor the Viccor invited 
ye burgesses to supper to an inne, where he wase to 
provyde gammons of bacon at his owne chardge, and 
to giye 5s. towardes ye wyne; and every burges wase 
to paye his shilling, and every newe burges that had 
bene made since ye last meetinge wase to give his 
pottell of wyne to ye maior ; and then aftor supper the 
maior and burgesses weare to bringe ye Viccor on his 
waye to Caresbrooke as far as ye chappell fylde, and 
then to take theyre leaves. This wase called ye love 
fieast betweene ye towne and theyre Viccor. 

The Maior's ffeast of Nuporte is alwayes kept ye 
fyrst Sonday 2 aftor Maye Daye, and it wase an awntient 

1 "Upon Ester Daye the baillives with theyre bretheren, after ye olde 
usage, receaveth ye sacrament of ye bodie and bludd of Christe at morninge 
prayer. The same daye, after dynner, the burgesses attendeth the baillives to 
walke abroade into ye ffieldes for their solace necessary, and pleasure ; and 
soe with commendable talke passinge awaie the afternoone, returneth in 
dewe season to evening prayer. The w'ch prayer ended, ye Vicar of ye saide 
towne, or his deputie, inviteth ye saide baillives and other bretheren to drincke 
with him his wyne, comonlie called ye Vicar's wyne, with whome they goeth 
all to drinckynge ; towardes ye which everie burges absent paieth iiiid. , everie 
burges present vid. , everie baillive xiid. , and ye Vicar ye reste ; for yt hit lieth 
in him to moderate ye diett thereof accordinge to ye scott of his gests afore- 
sayd." (Newport Records.) 

2 "The Sat'y after Maye Daie, the custom is and bathe ben, tyme owt of 
myii'lr, yt ye baillives for ye tyme beinge sholde yerely appoynte a Lorde to 
ride w'th a myneatrelle and a Vice abowte ye towne, a pretie companie of 



106 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

customs for the baylie and all his bretheren to meete 
at ye Wood Ovis in ye forrest (a place now not 
knowen), but it wase ye edge of ye wood where ye 
hill beginneth to rayse as soone as you are up Hunnye 
Hill; and itt wase so thicke a wood that a man myght 
get from tree to tree almost 2 miles in length; and 
whosoever missed to be theyre before ye sonne rysinge, 
he wase to forfeyte a pottell of ffrench wyne and a 



yowthe followinge them, wh'ch steinge at everie burges dore, warneth everie 
of them to attend upon ye saide baillives att ye Wood Ovis of Parckhurst ye 
nexte morninge to ffetche home male, and to observe ye olde custome and 
usadge of ye towne ; upon payne of everie one makinge defaulte and not they 
there present before ye sonne rysinge to loose a greene goose and a gallon of 
wyne. When ye sayd baillives with ther co'panie coburgess be come to ye 
Wood Ovis, yere cometh forthe ye keapers of ye fforest meetinge and salutinge 
them, and offeringe smawle greene bowes to everie of them ; signitienge thereby 
yt ye saide baillives and coburgess hathe free common and pasture for all 
maner there livinge thinges in all ye landes of P'khurste unto ye saide Wood 
Ovis for ever. After ye bowes soe delivered to ye burgess, presentlie (accord- 
inge to awncient custome) ye common people of ye towne entereth into 
P'khurst woode with their hatchetts, sarpes, and other edge tooles, cuttinge 
greene bowes to refresh ye streetes and placinge them att the'r dores to give 
a comodius and pleasainte umbrage to ther howses, and comforte to ye people 
passinge bie. And asoone as ye saide commen people are spedd competentlie 
with greene bowes, they retorne home in marching arraye, ye commoners 
before, ye keapers followinge them, next ye mynstrell, Vice, and morris daun- 
cers; after ye sergeaunts with their maces, then ye baillives and coburgs, 
cooples in their degree ; ye gunns and chambers goinge off after a triumphant 
maner, untill they come to ye Corne Markett, where they sheweth suche pas- 
ty me as ye leeke to make ; and after casting themselffs in a ringe, all departeth, 
excepte onlie ye burgess, w'hch with ye keapers, bringethe ye baillives home, 
where of custome ye keapers breaketh ther faste prepared for them ; eche of ye 
baillives and burges with speede preparinge themselffes to morninge prayer, 
and fro thence with ther wifes to ye olde baillives dynner." (Newport 
Record*.) 



THE OGLANDEB MEMOIKS. 107 

greene goose to ye bay lie. Theyre ye kepors mett 
them, and presented them with greene boughes ; and so 
they came all home and dined with ye baylie, nowe 
maior; for itt wase a baylie towne till ye seconde yere 
of Kinge James, when fflemminge beinge Lord Chefe 
Baron, and in credite, procured them a charter for a 
maior and one justice, and a nonintromittas for ye 
justices at lardge, who before had all ye power in ye 
towne, and licenced all theyre alehowses, &c. 

1631. Before ye maioraltie wase (by ye grace of my 
Lord of Sowthampton and favour of fflemminge, Lord 
Cheefe Justice, in ye third yeare of Kinge James) 
obtayned, they had as Bradinge hath, 2 baylies, and 
ye justices at lardge did all thinges, license theyre 
alehowses, &c. Itt had bene happy e for them and 
ye counterye to if itt had soe continued. 

Nuport still with Nordwood belongeth to Cares- 
broke, which wase ye greatest p'risch in owre Island, 
and in greatest reputation, when ye Pryor wase in his 
ecclesiastical awthoritie. The towne of Caresbroke wase 
far greator and bettor bwylt than nowe itt is, at what 
time Nuport wase butt a poore fischinge towne, ye 
markett with all priviledges and jurisdictions belonged 
to Caresbroke, then ye metropolis of owre Island. 



108 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Aftorwardes, when through ye benefite of ye haven, 
Nuport grewe greate, and Caresbroke through that 
and sale of ye Island to ye Crown, whereby ye Castell 
wase uninhabited (Caresbroke diminisched), they sowlde 
theyre ryght both to ye markett and other priviledges 
to Nuport, for which the towne wase to paye to ye 
Pryor of Caresbroke 1.6.8 annually, which he still 
payes to his M atie - The decaye of Caresbroke wase ye 
sale of ye Island, and ye puttinge downe of ye Priorye 
in Henry ye 6th time, as belonginge to Lyra in Nor- 
mandy, to ye greate abby theyre; moost of ye mounks 
were frenchmen, and there were many monumentes of 
them in ye chawncel, which wase taken down anno 
domi 1590. Sir Francis Walsinghame, which had ye 
lease of ye pryorye by maryadge of Eychard Woorse- 
ley's wyfe, rathor than he woold be at ye chardge of 
repayre of ye chawncel, agreed with ye p'risch to take 
itt down, and for theyr approbation and good will gave 
them 100 markes. 

Shorwell did once belonge to Caresbroke, and wase part 
of that p'risch in Edward ye 3rd his time, and then by 
mediation of ye inhabytantes and through the power of 
ye Pryor of Lacoke, it wase reduced from Caresbroke 
and made a p'risch. One reason amongst others that 
they urged wase ye greate inconvenience they suffered 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 109 

in carryinge of corses to buriol to Caresbroke through 
ye waltorish lane at winter, whereby many caught theyre 
deaths. So that ye death in winter tyme of one cawsed 
many moore. 

You may see in ye keepe on one of ye buttresses of 
Caresbrook Castell these figures 1562, beinge not ye 
yere when ye keepe or buttresse wase bwylt, but it 
signifyeth ye yere when ye castell walles weare rough 
cast; beinge finished in that yere, in Captayne Ey chard 
Worseley's time, and ended in that place where ye 
figures standeth. Theyre weare 30 masons at work 
about it. The maystor workman one Maystors of Gat- 
combe. And nowe it wants a newe cote againe. 

Bradinge Towne, alias Brerdinge, is without exception 
ye awntientest towne in owre Island, and althoughe 
now poore, it wase formerley ye rychest and of best 
repute. It wase ye only towne for receypt of strangers 
that came by shippinge, St. Hellens then beinge ye sole 
and only harbor; and betwixt St. Hellens and Eide; 
Cows, Stocke Bay, and Meadhole wase not then 
knowen. There belonged in those dayes to St. Hellens 
and Barneslye 50 sayle of shipes, of Netlestone Pointe, 
by act, a myle into ye seae, they had made a good 
harbor by castinge up of ye beache on both sydes, to 



110 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

be sene at this daye ; and by tradition and soom recordes 
haue I olso sene that you myght have had at Barneslye, 
inhabitantes theyre, your choyce of 20 good shipmays- 
tors that woold undertake to carry you to any parte 
you desired: theyre howses stood on ye westsyde next 
Coathye bottome; the foundations of theyre howses I 
have often sene. 

Bradinge in Queen Elizabeth's tyme wase a hand- 
some towne, there weare in itt many good liviers that 
myght dispend 40 a yeare a peece, now not one; 
formerlye 12 in my memory. 

BRADING HAUEN. 

The fyrst part of Bradinge Hauen wase inned by one 
Sir William Eussell, owner of Overland, at ye tyme 
when Yarbridge wase made, so ye seae wase stoped 
from runninge beyond ye bridge to Sandam. The 
second inninge wase p'formed by Mr. George Oglander 
and German Eychardes, ano dom 1562, when my marish 
and north marish wase made by ye walle feedinge 
grownd. The third inninge wase made by Mr. Edward 
Eychardes, ano 1594, when that wase made feedinge 
grownd from his sluce to Yarbridge, beinge mill marish, 
and ye other meades. 

The last wase made by Sir Hugh Myddleton, and Sir 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. Ill 

Bevis Thelwell (fyrst a broken cytison, then Page of ye 
Kinge's Bedchamber). It wase fyrst begged by one 
John Gibb, of ye Bedchamber to Kinge James, beinge 
an olde servant of his father's; he so wide his gyfte to 
Sir H. Myddelton and Sir Bevis Thelwell; they gave 
him 1000 for itt. They imployed Dutchmen to winn 
it, who putt them to an extraordinarie chardge, at least 
2000 besydes ye pourchase. In 1622 they made ye 
banckes at St. Hellens, and so stoped owt ye seae; and 
I confesse I wase no bakfrynde to the woorke, for it 
made this part of ye countery both full healthfullor, 
eased us in our marish walles, and in ye improvement 
of it olso browght more lande to ye p'risch. It wase 
p'formed by ignorant Dutchmen that they browght owt 
of ye Lowe Countery. Although it is now growen a 
greate haven, insomutch that now a boat of 20 tunnes 
myght come to ye ende of Wadefylde, where now ye 
key is, but formerley ye boates came up to ye midle of 
Bradinge strete; it I am fully p'swaded itt wase in 
Edward ye 3rd tyme only an owtlett for ye fresch, and 
no salt came in, but then ye ffrench warres beginninge, 
men neglected wholly this Island, and then ye seae 
wase upon itt; for we found aftor ye inninge of ye 
haven almost in ye midle therof, a well steined with 
stones, which argue th it had binn firme lande and in- 
habited, 



112 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Bradinge Hauen wase begged fyrst of all of Kinge 
James by one Mr. John Gibb, 1 beinge a groome of his 
bedchamber, and the man that Kinge James trusted 
to carrie ye reprieve to Winchester for my Lorde 
Chobham and Sir Walter Eawley when they weare on 
the skaffold to bee executed. This Gibb wase putt on 
to beg itt of Kinge James by Sir Bevis Thelwell, who 
wase then one of ye pages of ye bedchawmber. Sir 
Bevis wase a gentleman's sonn in Wales, bownd appren- 
tis to a mercier in Cheapsyde, and aftorwardes executed 
that trade till Kinge James came into Englande; then 
he gaue up, and pourchased to be one of ye pages of 
ye bedchawmber, where beinge an understandinge man, 
and knowinge how to handle ye Scottes, did in yt 
infancy gain a fair estate by gettinge ye Scottes to beg 
for themselves that which he fyrst fownd owt for 
them; and then himselve bwying of them with readie 
money under halfe ye value. He wase a verie bowlde 
fellowe, and one that Kinge James verie well affected. 
Aftor he hadd begged it, Sir Bevis woold give him 
nothinge for itt untill ye hauen wase cleared; for ye 
gentlemen of ye Island whose landes joyned to ye 
haven, challenged itt as belonginge to them. Kinge 
James wase woonderful earnest in ye bwysnes, bothe 

1 The grant of Brading Haven to John Gibb was made in 1616, a rental of 
20 per annum being payable to the King. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 113 

becawse itt concerned liis olde servant, and olso becawse 
itt woold be a leadinge case for ye fens in Lincolnshyre. 
Aftor ye verdict went in ye chequor agaynst the gentle- 
men, then Sir Bevis woold give notliinge for itt till he 
coold see that itt wase made feasable to be inned from 
ye seae, whereupon Sir Hugh Myddelton 1 (whoe wase 
a goldsmyth in London) wase called in to assist and 
undertake ye woorke, and Dutchmen weare browght 
owt of ye Lowe Counteries, and they began to inn the 
hauen abowght ye 20th of December, 1620. Then, 
when it wase inned, Kinge James compelled Thelwell 
and Myddelton to give Gibb (whom ye Kinge called 
Fathor) 2000. Aftorwardes Sir Hugh Myddelton, 
lyke a craftie ffox and subtel cytison, putt itt off wholely 
to Sir Bevis Thelwell, betwixte whome aftorwardes 
there wase a greate swyte in ye Chauncery; but Sir 
Bevis did injoy itt soome 8 yeares, and bestowed mutch 
money in bwyldinge of a barn, mill, fencinge of itt, and 
manie other necessarie woorkes. The nature of the 
grownd aftor itt wase inned wase not answerable to 
what wase expected, for olmost ye moietie of itt next 
to ye seae wase a lyght runninge sande and of little 
woorth. The beste of it wase down at ye furthor ende 
next to Bradinge, my marish, and Knyghte's tenement 
in Byndbridge. I counte that there weare 200 akers 

1 The celebrated engineer of the New River, London, and other works. 

L 



114 THE OGLANDEB MEMOIRS. 

that might be woorth 6s. 8d. ye aker, and all ye reste 
2s. 6d. ye aker; the totall of ye hauen wase 706 akers. 
Sir Hugh Myddelton before he sowlde tryed all kindes of 
experiments in itt ; he sowed wheate, barley, oates, cab- 
badge seed, and last of all, rape seed, which proved ye 
beste, but all ye others came to nowghte. The greate 
inconvenience wase, in itt ye seae browght so mutch 
sand and ooaze and seaeweed that choaked up the pas- 
sage of ye fresch to go owt; insomutch that I am of 
opynion that if ye seae had not broake in, Sir Bevis 
coold hardlie haue kept itt ; for ther woold haue been 
no current for the fresch to go owt; for ye easterne 
tydes browght so mutch sand that ye fresch wase not 
of fforce to drive itt awaie, so that in tyme itt woold 
have lain to ye seae, or else ye fresch woold haue 
drowned ye whoole countery. In my opynion itt is 
not good medling with a hauen soe neare ye mayne 
ocean. The countery (I meane ye comon people) wase 
verie mutch agaynst the inninge of itt, as owte of theyr 
slender capacitie thinkynge by a little fyshinge and 
fowlinge there woold accrue moore benefit then by pas- 
turage; but this I am sure of, it caused aftor the fyrst 
three yeres, a greate deale moore healthe in these partes 
then wase evor before ; and another thing is remarkable 
that wheras wee thowght itt woold have improved 
owre marishes, certainlye they weare the woorse for itt, 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 115 

and rotted sheep whych before had fatted theyre. The 
cawse of ye laste breache wase by reason of a wet tyme 
when the hauen was ful of fresch, and then a high 
springe tyde, when boath the waters met underneathe 
in the loose sand. On ye 8th of March, 1630, one 
Andrewe Eipley, that wase putt in to looke to Bradinge 
Haven by Sir Bevis Thelwell, came in poste to my 
howse in Nuport, to informe mee that ye seae had made 
a breache in ye sayde hauen neare to ye easternmost e 
ende. I demaunded of him what ye chardge myght be 
to stop it owte, he told mee he thowght abowght 40 
shilhnges, wherupon I bid him goe thither and get 
woorkmen agaynst ye nexte daye morninge and some 
cartes, and I woold paye them theyr wages; but ye 
seae ye nexte daye came soe forciblie in that there wase 
noe medling with it, and Ripley went up presentlie to 
London to Sir Bevis Thelwell himselfe, to have him 
come downe and take soome further cowrse ; but within 
four dayes aftor the seae had wone soe mutch on ye 
hauen, and made ye breache soe wide and deepe, that 
on ye 15th of March when I came thither to see itt, I 
knewe not well what to judge of itt, for wheras at ye 
fyrst 5 woold have stoped it owt, no we I thinke 200 
will not doe itt, and what will be ye evente of itt tyme 
will tell. Sir Bevis on ye newes of this breache came 
into owre Island on ye 17th of March, 1630, and 



116 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

browght with him a letter from my Lorde Conwaye to 
mee and Sir Edward Dennys, desieringe us to cawse my 
Ladie Woorseley 1 on behalfe of her sonn, to make up 
ye breache whych had hapened in her grownd throwgh 
theyr neglecte. Shee retourned us an awnsor that shee 
thowght that ye lawe woold not compell her unto itt, 
and therfore desiered to bee excused, whych awnsor 
wee retourned to my Lorde. What ye evente will bee 
I knowe not, 2 but itt seemeth to mee not reasonable that 
shee shoold suffer for not complyinge witli his requeste. 
If hee had not inned ye hauen this accident cookie 

1 Frances, widow of Sir Richard Worsley, the first Baronet, who died 1621. 
She was the daughter of Sir Henry Neville. 

2 The matter was speedily in the hands of the lawyers, and reports and 
appeals followed in quick succession. In June, 1632, Chief Justices Richard- 
son and Heath made a report to the Council on a case between Frances Lady 
Worsley, plaintiff, and Sir Bevis Thelwall, defendant, in which a decree of 
certain commissioners had been referred to their decision. The decree had 
been against Lady Worsley, but the justices considered that she ought not to 
be compelled by it, until the facts relating to a breach in a sea bank whereby 
certain lands were flooded, were cleared by a trial at law. Five years after- 
wards the matter was still undecided. In 1637 Sir Bevis Thelwall, Clerk of 
the Wardrobe to Charles I. , was plaintiff in a cause in the Exchequer against 
Jeremy Brett, Dame Frances Worsley, his wife, and her son, Sir Henry Worsley, 
and obtained a decree ordering the defendants to stop a breach in the sea 
wall of Brading Haven. The defendants petitioned the King to revise the 
decree, as being too severe against them ; and the King after some considera- 
tion referred the examination of two points in the case to four members of his 
council. . Upon this Sir Bevis presented a counter petition, praying that the 
other points of the decree might also be submitted to the judgment of the same 
councillors. However the matter was finally concluded by the commissioners, 
no practical result followed ; and Brading Haven remained submerged till re- 
claimed 240 years afterwards in the reign of Victoria. (S.P., Dom.., Vol. 210, 
1632, and Vol. 377, 1637.) 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 117 

nevor haue hapened, therfore hee givinge ye cawse, that 
shee shoolde applie ye cure I understande not. Butt 
this I am sure, that Sir Bevis thinketh to recover of 
her and her sonn, all his chardges, whych hee nowe 
sweareth everie waye to bee 2000. For my parte I 
woold wisch noe ffrynd of mine to have anie hande in 
ye seconde inninge of itt. Trulye all ye bettor sorte of 
ye Island weare verie sorrye for Sir Bevis Thelwell, 1 
and the commoner sorte weare as glad ; as to say trulye 
of Sir Bevis hee did ye countery manie goode offices, 
and wase readie at all tymes to doe his beste for the 
public and everyone. It coste at ye fyrst takinge of itt 
in 4000, then they gaue 2000 to Mr. John Gibb for 
itt, whoe had begged itt of Kinge James; afterwardes 
in bwyldinge ye barne and dwellinge howse, and water 
mill, with ye ditchinge and quickesettinge, and makinge 
all ye partitions itt coolde not have coste lesse then 
200 moore; soe in the total itt stoode them from the 
tyme they began to take itt in, until ye 8th of Marche, 
a losse of 7000. 

You may see divors buries on ye topp of owre Island 
hills, whose name in ye Danische tounge signifieth theyr 



1 The whole low fell upon Thelwall, as Sir H. Myddleton had made over 
all his rights in the reclaimed land to him in Sept., 1624, nearly six years 
before. 



118 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

nature, as beinge places onlie weare men were buryed, 
and soome haue particulor names from ye p'rsons as 
Galliburie, where ye ffrench weare buryed, beinge over- 
come theyre in a battayle; Burye de Mountrell from 
a Captayne of ye ffrench, and manie ye lyke. I haue 
digged for my experience in soome of ye moore awn- 
tientest, and haue found manie bones of men formerlye 
consumed by fyor, accordinge to ye Romane custome, 
and manie peeces of Romish quyne; for in awntient 
tymes they did desior to be buryed in summitatem 
mantis , in ye moste eminentest places, and as neare 
heven as they coold. Wheresover you see a burie 
in any eminent place, moste commonlye on ye topp 
of liilles, you may presume that there hath beene 
soome buryed; accordinge to ye etimoligie of ye 
woord, digge, and you shall find theyre bones. If 
thou wilt knowe mutch of ye antiquitie of ye Island, 
gayne ye owld bookes called ye Ligior Bookes of ye 
Abbeye of Quarre, and Priorie of Caresbrook, and St. 
Hellens. In ye Woorseleyes Study of Apledorcombe 
beinge once that mannor belonginge to ye Abbeye of 
Lyra, thou mayst find manie good antiquities. The 
Ligior Booke of Caresbrook, Mr. Fleminge, Mr. Kings- 
well, and Mr. Clover, all hath him in Mr. Roffe's hand, 
sometimes Minister of Caresbrook, nowe in Covent 
Garden, London. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 119 

Henry ye VII. tooke a p'rticular viewe of this Island 1 
in his reygne, he spent a weeke here ; he laye 3 nyghtes 
at his Castell of Caresbrooke with his unkell, ye Lorde 
Woodville ; he laye at Nun well, Wootton, Brooke, and 
Nuporte, in ye howse by ye bullringe. Wee shall nevor 
haue Kinges doe the lyke. 

Queene Elisabeth wase one of ye noblest, generous, 
brauest princes that evor England hadd, she had learn- 
inge and wisedome; witnes her extempore speach to ye 
Polisch Embasador, 2 and divors to others in ye lyke 
kinde ; shee wase valorous aboue woman, and composed 
of statley grauetye, farre from pride. Witnesse her 
affabilitie even to ye meanest of her subiectes, a greate 
favourer of learning and virtue ; theyre wase nothinge 
wantinge that cowlde be desiored in a Prince butt that 
shee wase a woman. Englande was rychor, in bettor 

1 In 1499. The King was Aug. 3 at Beaulieu ; Aug. 9 to Aug. 23 in the 
Isle of Wight, where at Brooke he was so well entertained by Dame Joanna 
Bowerman that he presented his hostess with his drinking horn, and granted 
her a fat buck yearly from Parkhurst Forest during her life. Aug. 24 the King 
was at Porchester, Sept. 2 at Bishop's Walt ham, Sept. 3 at Winchester. (MS. 
Ifouieltald Book of Henry VII. in British Museum. ) 

2 Delivered at Greenwich in 1597 to Paulus .Inline. Ambassador from 
8igismund, King of Poland, who had insulted her dignity by the boldness of 
his remonstrance against her assumption of maritime superiority over other 
nations of Europe. The Queen started from her seat, and answered the sur- 
prised orator in a spirited Latin speech, and at its conclusion, turning to her 
courtiers, exclaimed, " God's death my lords ! I have been enforced this day 
to scour up my old Latin that hath lain long rusting." 



120 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

repute and esteem amonge forenors, and everie waye 
ye subiectes moore happie in her reygne then evor itt 
wase before, or to be doubted evor will be agayne. 

Wee haue made since the death of Queen Elisabeth, 
4 braue voyges which coste ye state 400,000. 

The fyrst, p'formed by Sir Eobert Maunsell to Argier, 1 
in hope to take that cittie, or otherwyse to be fooled by 
ye Spaniords, Anno 1621. 

The second, by Wimbleton 2 to Gales, 3 where wee 
myght haue taken 8 of ye Kinge's menn of warr, but in 
policie woold not, Anno 1625. 

The third, to ye Isle of Rez, by owre greate Duke, 
whoe in poynt of honnor scorned to take thence theyre 
w T ines and salte, Anno 1627. 

The last (I hope), by that noble Earle of Linsye 4 to 
Rochell, the succes whereof is itt in deposito, pray God 
it proove not woorse then ye others. I myght haue 
added another by Generoll Fyldinge, Earle of Denbye, 5 
to as littel purpose as all ye otheres. 



1 This fruitless expedition to Algiers was composed of six ships of the Royal 
Navy and twelve hired from the merchants. The fleet set sail from Plymouth 
October 12, 1620. 

2 Sir Edward Cecil, grandson of Lord Burghley, created Viscount Wimble- 
don 1626. 

3 Cadiz. 

4 The fleet sailed September 8, 1628, and effected nothing. 

5 In October, 1626. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 121 

JAMES I. 

In ye fyrst yere of Kinge James (1603) when he came 
to Bewley, 1 all owre companyes for a grace and honor 
to my Lorde of Sowthehampton, came owt of ye Island 
thethor; and theyre trayned before him. When Kinge 
James fyrst came into ye Island, hee wase mutch taken 
with seeing ye littel bwoyes 2 skirmishe, whoe he loved to 
see betor and willynglior then menn. 

Kinge James came twyce into ye Island, 3 and hunted 
in ye parke, where ownce he dined ; ye other tyme in 
ye castel; all owre sowldiors trayned before him; wee 
met him at ye water syde, where we kissed his hand. 
Prince Henrye (a hopeful gentleman) and Kinge Charles 



1 On a visit to the Earl of Southampton, who had been granted the office 
of Captain of the Island for life, in July, 1603. 

2 Boys were drilled in martial exercises in other places as well as in the 
Island, and their performances pleased Charles I. as much as they did his 
father. In the summer of 1627 the King visited Chichester, and was there 
gratified by witnessing the proficiency of "certain boys" in the use of arms. 
On his Majesty expressing his approbation he was requested to give them 
some barrels of gunpowder ; which request, for their encouragement, and in 
the hope that the youths of other places would be stirred up to do the same, 
the King granted, but left the quantity and manner to his council. (S.P., 
Dom., Vol. 77, IB27.) 

3 The first visit of the King to the Island was in August, 1607, and the 
second in the same month two years later. An entry in the registers of Caris- 
brooke Church by the vicar John Baker states: "King James landed . . . 
and sawe a muster, . . . dined at the Castle, and sawe in the afternoone 
most of the Hand with Prince Charles, his sonne, .... and hunted in 
the parke, killed a bocke, and so departed againe to Bewley, the 2 of August, 
A.D. 1609, being Wednesday." 



122 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

haue olso bene in this Island. Kinge Charles when he 
wase Prince, wase in owre Island ; l he dined at Cares- 
brook Castel, where he made divors shottes with ye 
ordnaunce. Aftor dynner he went to Cows, and there 
tooke a small shipe, and went that nyght to Fortes- 
mouth. I wayghted upon him to ye Castel, cominge 
throwgh ye Castelhold beinge passed by ye signe of ye 
Lion clawinge ye ffryor, he tourned abowght his horse 
to beholde itt, and demaunded ye meaninge thereof. 
Answer wase made that wee served all papistes and 
prestes in that maner. 

Kinge James absolutely wase ye beste scholler and 
wisest Prince for generol knowledge that evor England 
had; he wase betweene parties wonderous juste, and 
had a verie tendor consciense; witnes ye difficultie to 
drawe him to pardon murther or anye notorious cryme ; 
he wase exceedinglie mercifull, espetiollie in offenses 
agaynst himselve; witnes his pardonynge of Eawley, 
Cobham, and Gray ; and woold saye that he coold bothe 
safely pardon and forget treason comited agaynst him. 
But withal he was woonderous pasionate; a greate 

1 In 1618. Another entry in the Carisbrooke registers says : " Prince 
Charles landed at the Cows, and came into the forest, and saw a skirmish 
there, and went from thence to Abbington down, and looked over the Hand, 
and came to the Castle, and so thence to Newport, where he dined at Mr. 
James' house ; and his Grace departed to the Cows, and took ship and went 
to Portesmouth, in the year 1618, the 27th of August, being Thursday. Jo. 
Baker." 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 123 

swearor; 1 a lover of his favorytes beyond ye love of 
menn to women ; verye liberoll ; witnes his extraordin- 
aire greate gwyftes, not only to his favorytes, but 
almoste to all abowght him; he wase ye chastest Prince 
for women that ever wase, for he woold often sweare 
that he nevor knewe anye other woman then his owne 
Queene. A virtuous modest woman he woold bothe 
hyghly grace and commend. He loved to be accoumpt- 
ed goode ; for a poore woman seeinge him come from 
his howse in Skotland downe a way that led from ye 
same, espiinge ye Kinge, tolde her neybours soe that 
ye Kinge herd her "Here cometh ye good man of 
Balinger" 2 beinge ye name of that place he soe often 
came through. Ye Kinge mutch rejoyced at that name, 
and held itt moore honorable then to bee stiled Empe- 
rour of ye Wordle. He wase not popular nor plawsible 
to his subiectes that desiored to see him, iufinitelie 



1 The King's habit of swearing was notorious. "He was a man wonder- 
fully passionate, much given to swearing, and in his words he sometimes 
gave great offence both in respect of God and man." (Goodman's Court of 
King James, edited by J. S. Brewer, Vol. I.) "He would make a great deal 
too bold with God in his passion, both with cursing and swearing, and one 
strain higher verging on blasphemy ; but would in his better temper say ' he 
hoped God would not impute them as sins and lay them to his charge, seeing 
they proceeded from passion-'" (Sir A. Weldon's Court of King James.} 

2 In a letter written by Prince Charles and Buckingham to the King from 
" Madrill the 21 of March, 1623," after the subscription "your Majesty's hum- 
ble slaue and doge steenie," is a a postscript beginning "Be chearful, good 
man of Balangith, for wee warrant you all shall goe well." (Goodtnan'n 
Court of King James, Vol. I. ) 



124 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

given to him tinge ; although in his latter tyme by reason 
hee coold not ryde faste, he had littel pleasure in ye 
chase: his delyght wase to come in at ye dethe of ye 
deare, 1 and to heare ye comendationes of his howndes. 
An infinite lover of fruite, 2 as grapes, melones, and ye 
lyke, and as free a drynker of sweete wynes and Schotch 
ale ; a louer of peace, and noe man of warre. For ye 
present deliverie of his mynde he wase ye beste of that 
adge, hatinge all men that spoke ill of others, sayinge 
noe man need feare damnation if Sir Richard Weston 3 
went to heauen, as hauinge a tounge that spoke ill of 
all men. He had manie wittie jestes, and olso in his 
passion manie prophane ; he woold haue a reason giuen 
liim for all thinges ; witnes John Gib. and his white and 
black horses that eate up one another's tayle. This 
John Gib wase he that when ye Kinge wase angry 
becawse noe man coold giue him a reason for somewhat 

1 "His legs and feet come pretty well to him, having found out a very 
good expedient of late, to bathe them in every buck and stag's belly in the 
place where he kills them, which is counted an excellent remedy to strengthen 
and restore the sinews. Au reste, he is fallen to his old diet, and will not be 
persuaded to forbear fruit nor sweet wines." (Chamberlain to Carleton, June 
18, 1619. Court and Times, Vol II.) 

2 ' ' Truly I think that King James every autumn did feed a little more 
than moderately upon fruits. I remember that Mr. French, of the spicery, who 
sometimes did present him with the first strawberries, cherries, and other 
fruits, and kneeling to the King had some speech to use to him that he did 
desire his Majesty to accept them, and that he was sorry they were no better, 
with such like complimental words ; but the King never had the patience to 
hear him one word but his hand was in the basket." (Ooodman, Vol. I.) 

3 In the reign of Charles I. Lord Treasurer, and Earl of Portland 1633. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 125 

that noe good reason coold be giuen; tolde ye Kinge 
that if he woold giue him a reason whie his blacke 
horse in ye stable (hauinge sufficient haye and proven- 
dor) shoold ye laste nyght eate up his whyte horse's 
tayle, he woold give him a reason for ye other. As he 
woold sweare mutch soe his ordinarie oathe wase " God's 
woaundes." Beinge crossed in his huntynge by rayne, 
he swore itt wase not rayne, but ye windoes of heaven 
weare opened; and he coold not be drawen owt of itt; 
but woold sit in itt to se wheathor God woold kepe his 
promise in not drowninge of ye wordle a seconde tyme. 
It manye tymes he wase put foorth of humor by soome 
that woold desparately owtdoe him. He spoke mutch, 
and as well as any man, or rathor bettor ; but for bodilye 
actions put rydinge asyde, he did nor coold use litell, 
his bodye for want of use growinge that way defective. 
If he had had but ye poore spirit and resolution butt to 
haue acted that which he spoke, or doon as well as he 
knewe how to do well, Saloman had ben shorte of him. 
A greate politician, and verie sownd in ye reformed 
religion; witnes his confession on his dethe 1 bed. 
His laste sicklies wase at Theobaldes of an ordinarye 



I "Our blessed master went out of this world like a Christian that had a 
strong heart and an humble mind. Two days before God's act of receiving him 
to His mercy, he took God to him by receiving of the communion ; and at that 
did express a lively faith and the definition of a pure Christian, as he con- 
eluded the verbal creed with these words, ' There is no other belief, neither 



126 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

ague; by reason of his impatience to endure payne, 
and his wilfulnes in hauinge of those thinges that weare 
oposite to his disease; as in his heate by puttinge his 
handes in colde water, and by imoderate drynkinge of 
smalebeare, and other disorders, itt grewe to a feavor, 
and soe he dyed. Hee woold knowe of his phisitions 
where on his well daye his ague wase. 

SIR HENRY NfiviLL 1 ON KINGE JAMES. 

Nevor man wrought moore and did les; 
Nevor man spoke bettor and did woorse. 

There wase a stagge hunted owt of ye Newe fforest 
into ye Hand in Ano Dom. 1609, and lived manye 
yeres in ye Hand; he laye mutch in Eowberoe and in 
my groundes at Artingeshoote and Whitefield. Ye 
Kinge had a greate desyor to hunt him, but wase 
diswaded from itt; for that itt wase almoste imposible 
to kill him, becawse on all ocasiones he woold take 
ye seae. Itt wase thought he went into ye Newe 
fforest to rutt, and retourned agayne ; at laste he wase 
killed when he wase owt of season by one Caue, a 
count ery fellowe with a muskett. 

hope,' and when the Lord Keeper asked him whether he would have the 
absolution, he answered, 'As it is practised in the English Church, I ever 
approved it ; but in the dark way of the Church of Rome, I do defy it.' And 
this I tell you not by report, for I had the honour and comfort to receive it 
with him." (Conway to Carleton, March 81, 1625. Court and Times, Vol. I.) 
1 Of Billingham, Berks. His daughter, Frances, was the wife of Sir 
Richard Worsley, of Appuldurcombe, the first baronet. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 127 

THE DILLINGTON FAMILY. 

Anthony Dyllington wase ye fyrst of that famelye, 
he came owt of Somersetsliyre from a place called 
Dyllington, he bowght Knighton of one Gylbert; he 
dyed Anno Dom. 1584. He hadd 2 wyffes, ye fyrst 
(by whome he had all his chil dn ) 2 sonns and 4 
dawghtors, wase Ann Reade, of Wales. Aftorwardes 
he maryed one Goddardes widdowe, of Hampton, a 
meccannicke or merchaunt; his eldest sonn wase Sir 
Robert, whoe maryed an owlde widdowe in Devon, 
and dyed without issue in London 1608, and lyeth 
buryed in ye chawncell in St. Clement's church ; I 
beinge then a student in ye Midle Temple wase at his 
burioll, and manie Isle of Wyght men more. He wase 
ye merryest and most complete gentleman that ever this 
Island bredd. Trystram, ye seconde brother, maryed 
Cicely Goddarde, his mother-in-lawe's dawghtor, a base 
woman, by whom he had Robert now livinge. His 
(Ant. Dillington) eldest dawghtor, Ann, wase maryed 
to Sir William Oglander; ye seconde to Mr. Bourgh, of 
Lincolnshyre (whose sonn wase Sir John Bourgh, that 
woorthie sowldier killed in ye Isle of Rez) named 
Amey. Francis ye 3rd wase maryed to Mr. Scott, a 
woorthie gentleman, and a singular good schollar, he 
had an estate in Shalflete flerme, and wase buryed 
there; she had a seconde howsband, Mr. Nicholas 



128 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Browne. Jane, ye 4th dawghtor, maryed to one Mr. 
Truscott, of Deuonshyre. 

Sir Eobert Dyllington 1 (next to Mr. Thomas Woor- 
seley) wase one of ye compleatest gentlemen in owre 
Island, and it wase pittie he had no issue that his good 
parts might haue descended. 

If I may speake without partiallitie I verylie bleeve 
that ye Isle of Wyght nevor bredd so fine a gentleman 
as Sir Robert Dyllington (the sonn of Anthonie) wase; 
he wase as hansome well complexioned as you coold 
wisch ; he wase a good, not greate travilor and schollar ; 
he had his Latine, ffrench, Spanisch, and Italion tounge 
he hadd; he wase very honest, stout, and valiant; but 
above all his sweete, noble, merry carridge; as full of 
conceypts without offense; verie liberoll to his ffryndes. 
All men loved his companie, greate Lordes and others; 
he dyed in London, and is buryed goinge up to the 



1 A coat of arms was granted to Robert Dillington, of K nigh ton Georges, 
I.W., by William Camden, Olarenceux, Jany. 11, 1599, gules, a lion salient, 
or. He opposed the high handed proceedings of Sir George Carey about the 
time of the sailing of the Armada 1588, and in consequence of his complaint, 
was summoned before the Council, and committed to the Fleet Prison, on a 
charge of allying with papists against the government, shouting "Liberty," 
and declaring that if he could not get redress in any other way, he would seek 
it at the point of his poniard. After a spirited remonstrance in his favour, 
signed by most of the gentlemen of the Island, he was released. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 129 

chawncel in St. Clement's Church. He left his estate, 
altho' not greate, it out of debt, to one Kobert Dylling- 
ton, his brother Tristrame's sonn, whoe inheryted with 
his landes not one of his unkell's conditions. 

Eobert Dyllington, my kinsman, a yonger brother's 
sonn, wase bredd a servingman with Sir Thomas Lake, 1 
both by reason of his little chardge, and extraordinarie 
close liuinge and thriftiness, is from a small estate lyke 
to be one of ye richest men if he live. 1615. 

Mr. Eobert Dyllington wase the sonn of one God- 
darde's dawghtor, a merchaunt in Hampton, aftor 
whose base and miserable conditions he mutch tooke, 
msomutch as his unkell, Sir Eobert, cowld hardlie 
endure him. His father, a braue gentleman, dyed when 
he wase younge, aftor his unkell had left him ye land 
(for before he wayghted on Sir Thomas Lake). Marry- 
inge with a woman 2 lyke himselfe, they grewe soe 
miserabley base, as in one instance for all, when anie 
came to his howse with horses, he hath bene often 
found in ye rack and maunger takinge awaie the haye; 
but by these thriftie coorses, from one of ye meanest 

1 Secretary of State, and a native of Southampton. Through the miscon- 
duct and intrigues of his wife, and daughter, who had married Lord Rooa, he 
was disgraced, fined, and ruined, 1618-19. 

2 He married first, Mabel, daughter of Sir Humphrey Foster, Kt., of 
Berkshire, and secondly, Catherine, sister of Lord Georges. 

M 



130 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

in ye Island he grewe soe rytch as he pourchased 1 
Motson of Mr. Clieeke, and divors other thinges, which 
he kept all in his handes, as fearfull that anie shoold 
gayne by him ; and as his livinge wase contemptible till 
he attayned 44 yeres of adge, wherein he gott mutch 
wealth, I sent then one unto him that had a Baronnet- 
sliip to sell 2 (1628); the chepenes of ye pryce drewe 
him on to deale, soe that nowe he that wase of late 
inferior to all, is nowe inferior to none, and there is 
good hopes that with ye newe honnor he will become 
moore gentill; but howsoever it cannot be sayd of him 
as it wase sayd by Aristotle to a poore olde man, 
that he found makinge his supper on a roote, ffrynde, 
sayd Aristotle, if thou hadst not broke thie fast soe, 
thou myghtest nowe have supped mutch bettor. 

His Carractor. 

Base, prowde, and miserable, not caringe for anie 
but those by whome he may gayne ; in all his actions 
he hath relation to his own endes; doinge a courtesey 
no further then may stand with his owne profite; one 

1 Sir John in another place in his MSS. styles him "Mr. Dyllington, whoe 
will buy all." Besides Mottistone, he purchased VVestover of Mr. Erlesman, 
and the Manor of Butbridge from the Urrys. 

2 One of the forty Baronetships that Buckingham, before embarking for 
Rochelle, distributed among his chief followers in lieu of money, and which 
titles they sold to the best bidder. The average price was 150 or 200, 
(See under "Buckingham," page 48.) 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 131 

that woold seeme wise, it a foole in all thinges, gayne 
excepted. 

Anthonye Dillington ye sonn of Eobert of ye adge 
of 17 yeres dyed at Oxforde in Maye, 1627, my sonn 
then beinge verie sick olso at Oxforde, and in ye 
opinion of ye pliisitions as dawngerous, butt God re- 
served him to see moore miserie. 

THE GARD FAMILY. 

Becawse ye Gardes nowe begin to growe rich in 
owre Island, I thought itt fit to sett here downe theyre 
pedigree, that aftor adges maye know ye bettor. 

Pierre Garde wase borne in Normandie in flrance, of 
what howse or famelye I knowe not, but itt is moste 
likelye he tooke his name from his office. Butt tliis is 
moste certayne, he comitted there hygh treason, and 
wase hanged, drawne, and quortered, or otherwyse as 
ye coustome in ffrance is, torne with wilde horses, his 
howse pulled downe, his trees rooted up, and all his 
estate confiscated to ye Kinge. He hadd 3 sonnes whych 
were presentlye banisched; one of ye eldest, named 
Eychard, came into ye Isle of Wyght abowght ye 
beginninge of Quene Elizabeth's reygne; ye other 2 
brothers, one came to London, and wase there a coche- 
maker in Smithfylde, ye other settled in Cornewale. 
Eychard that came into ye Island, settled in Godshill 

M2 



t 

132 THE'OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

p'risch, maryed there, and had too sonnes, Eychard 
and Petor, and a dawghtor. His dawghtor maryed 
one Hobbs, of Bide, nowe livinge. Kycharde, ye fathor, 
was a notable slie fellowe, dishoneste, and giuen to 
filchinge; he browght soome trickes owt of ffrance 
with him. Vide he woold steale a cowe, and put- 
tinge a loafe of breade hott owt of ye ouen on her 
homes, make her homes soe supple that they woold 
tourne anie waye he pleased, soe as to disfigure ye 
beaste that ye owner myght not knowe him agayne. 
Manye other shiftes he hadd, beinge a man of noe 
greate conscience, by whych meanes he recovered soome 
wealth, and dyed. His sonnes, Eychard and Petor, 
did not degenerate; Eychard wase as craftie a knaue 
as anye (excepte his brother) in a whole counterye ; he 
wase goode att readinge and understandinge of owld 
euidences, whereby he gott manye into his handes, and 
soe forced ye owners to a composition. He wase in- 
diferently skilled in lawe, a moste penurious base fel- 
lowe, and of littel religion; he dyed 1 abowght 1616, 



1 Richard Gard died Feby., 1617, and on the wall of the porch of Godshill 
Church is a tablet with a Latin inscription to his memory, now almost illegible : 
' ' Ecce cumbat Gardi corpus mortale Richardi, 
Hoc tumulo ; verum spiritus astra tenet. 
Cujus dona scholia largita et munera egenis 
Annua, perpetuo non peritura nianent. 
Inclyta si pareret multos hsec insula tales, 
Qualem jam tandem protulit nuncce virum ; 
Tune bene pauperibus, meliusq, scholaribus esset, 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 133 

and in his will 1 gaue Kychard, ye eldest sonn of Petor, 
ye bettor parte of his estate, hauinge noe cliildern of 
his owne. He willed his bodye to be coffined in ledd, 
and to be layde butt 2 foote deepe in ye erth, in ye 
portch of Godshill Church, as unwillinge that to mutch 
erth showld hindor him from rysinge att ye resurrec- 
tion; where wee will leaue him, to speake of Petor, 
ye seconde brother, and sonn of Kychard ye Bandit. 



Sub pede quos presses quisq, jacere sinit. 
Dictus Richardus Gard, sepultus fuit 5 die Februarii 1617." 
On the opposite wall is another tablet, with a translation, or rather paraphrase, 
of the lines in Latin : 

"Here lies the mortal part of Richard Gard, 
While his freed spirit meets with heaven's reward ; 
His gifts endowed the schools, the needy raised, 
And by the latest memory will be praised. 
And may our isle be filled with such a name, 
And be like him whom virtue clothed with fame ; 
Blest with the poor, the scholars too were blest 
Through such a donor that is gone to rest. " 

1 Richard Gard probably was not quite so black as painted by his bio- 
grapher, and he certainly never deserved all the praises bestowed upon him in 
his epitaph ; but in his childless old age, under the influence of superstitious, 
or possibly better motives, he bequeathed a considerable portion of his ques- 
tionable gains for charitable purposes. By his will, dated 1617, he gave 20s. 
yearly to the poor of the parish of Newchurch, and 10s. yearly to the poor of 
the parish of Godshill, for ever, to be paid at Christmas. Also 10s. to the poor 
of the town of Newport, 10s. to the poor of Brading, and 10s. to the poor of 
St. Helens, to be paid yearly on All Saints' Day. Also 10s. to the poor of the 
Cathedral Church of Winchester, and the same sum to the poor of the parish 
of Arreton, yearly, for ever. He also gave 5 yearly, for ever, for the main- 
tenance of an usher in the school at Godshill (founded by Sir R. Worsley in 
1614), and 200 for a stock, to remain for ever in the custody of his heirs and 
executors, for the benefit of the poor impotent people of the parishes of Gods- 
hill, Newchurch, Brading, and St. Helens, the poor of the City of Winchester, 
and for the support of an usher in the Free School of Newport. 



134 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

This Petor had lefte him by his father, a littel lande 
att St. Hellens (whych how itt myght be pourchased in 
his owne name, beinge an alien, I leaue), woorth per 
annum 5. Ey chard, ye eldor brother, beinge willinge 
to cheate his brother Petor of ye lande, wase an im- 
portunate sutor to bwye itt of him ; ye other, as craftie, 
permitted him to feede him with mony, and hauinge 
had halfe or bettor of ye woorth of it, wase drawne 
(as he made himselve verie unwillinge) to signe a deede 
of sale thereof to his brother; but he beinge att that 
tyme under adge; ye fyrst act he did when he came of 
adge wase to cheate ye cheator, and nullifie that deede 
by nonage. The enmitie then betweene ye 2 brothers 
wase greate, they vilified one another, and discouered 
each others knauerie to ye vie we of ye whoole Island. 
I cannot omitt one in silence, beinge soe notorious. 
Kychard Garde had goode store of monyes, and durst 
not trust anye man with itt, noe not his owne howse, 
but hid itt in a pott undergrownd in ye fild, where one 
Smyth, his neybour, mistrustinge soome sutch matter, 
observed him moore narrowlye, and by watchinge him, 
found an opportunitie to gayne ye hidden pott. Ye 
other when he missed itt, esteeminge itt littel lesse then 
his God, had welneare hanged himselve, but that he 
had soome confidence by ye diuel's meanes to recover 
itt ; whereupon ye brothers nowe fryndes, consult of ye 



THE OGLAKDER MEMOIRS. 135 

meanes. Petor as ye moore active man undertakes itt, 
goeth to a witch neare Eingwoode, or soomwhere, and 
browght home certayne hope of ye shorte retourne of 
ye monyes; whereupon this Smyth ye Sattordaye fol- 
lowinge was taken on Hazely Hill on his retourne from 
Nuport, and there in a greate storme wase beaten, 
haled, whipped, misused, and almoste killed (had not 
soome ye nexte morninge found him by chance), not 
knowinge or seeinge whoe did act itt, butt affirmed itt 
wase ye diuel; and beinge longe ill aftor, coold not be 
quiet in conscience till he hadd browght home ye pott 
of silver agayne to Eychard Garde's howse to Binstede, 
accordinge to ye true relation formerlye made to Petor 
by ye witch. Petor, he gott still landes and liuinges, 
wheathor by ryght or wronge I suppose he littel re- 
spected; he wase, and is, one of ye slyest, craftyest 
kuaues that I knowe; witt and judgement in matters 
of lawe he hath enough both to seme liis owne 
tourne and to cosen his neyghbours; a man woorse 
spoken of I nevor knewe. He rnaryed his eldest 
sonn, Eychard, to Wolferye's only dawghtor, with 
fayre and spetious promises and soome performances, 
but priuately beforehand made his sonn to entor into 
bond to doo certayne futor actes to his predjudice; soe 
aftor maryadge he neglected his sonn, and p'formed 
less his promises to Wolfery, whereupon I liaue had ye 



136 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

hearinge of ye differences betweene them. Nevor did 
I lieare ye lyke woordes betweene fathor and sonn, 
ye father wishinge he had p d him owt agaynst a 
wall, and that he had nevor beene borne; ye sonn 
answored it greeved him to come from soe base and 
tmwoorthie a fellowe, whose knauerie in cheatinge, 
lyinge, dissemblynge, and base dealinge with all men, 
as well as with his owne childern, had made him soe 
notorious that he was aschamed to be acompted ye 
sonn of sutch a fathor; but when ye tree is bad ye 
fruite seldome prooves bettor. For this Eychard, ye 
sonn, proves one of ye basest fellowes in ye Island, and 
I verylie thinke itt is doubled in him. His brother 
Petor he threateneth to kill for gayninge moore cun- 
ninglie, with moore refined knaverie, his birthryght 
from him, whom Petor ye fathor determyned to make 
heyre of his fortunes, as well as he wase alreadie of his 
sleyghtes and cunninge, and there is soome apearence 
alreadie that in tyme he may proove as good as anye 
of his famelye. Sed meliori opto. 

On ye 28th of Maye, 1631, a mason, one Thos. Davis, 
and his sonn, digginge for erth in a barne of Nicholas 
Gardes att Princelade in Nuchurch p'risch, found a 
pewtor platter, and underneath a brasse pott, and in 
ye brasse pott an erthen pott full of Elizabeth's shil- 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 137 

linges ; he att nyght putt itt awaye, but itt came at last 
to be knowen by his over hastie spendinge ; whereupon 
on ye fayre woordes myxt with threates that ye sayd 
Nicholas Garde and his father used, he gaue them 98, 
but itt is thought that there wase moore. I hearinge of 
itt, sent my warrant for them all, tooke theyre severol 
examinations, retourned them to my Lord Threasuror, 
and tyme will produce who shall haue itt. But I am 
confident that it wase hidden there by one Eychard 
Garde, unkel to Nicholas, and owner of ye sayd lande, 
an envious, miserable fellowe, who dyed soome 14 
yeares before itt wase found. 

THE LIFE OF SIR GEORGE MORE, KNT. 1 

When he wase younge he wase putt to schoole by his 



1 Sir George More was born Nov., 1553, and succeeded his father, Sir 
William, in 1600. Sir William married, as his second wife, Mabel, daughter 
of Marchion Dingley, Esq., of Wolverton, in the Isle of Wight, but by her 
had no surviving issue. In 1598 Sir George was Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex, 
and procured a grant from the Crown of the Lordship of Godalming. In the 
reign of James I. he was appointed Treasurer to Henry Prince of Wales, and 
received at Loseley in 1606 the honour of a visit from the King. In 1610 he 
was appointed Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, and in 1615 (by special 
command of the King) Lieutenant of the Tower of London, in the place of Sir 
Gervase Elwes, who was condemned and executed for his share in the murder 
of Sir Thos. Overbury. ( Vide Loseley MS.) Sir George represented Guildford 
and the County of Surrey in several parliaments. He married Ann, daughter 
and co-heir of Sir Adrian Poynings, Kt , Governor of Portsmouth, in the early 
part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. In the Loseley Chapel in the Church of 
St. Nicholas, Guildford, is a monument to the memory of Sir George and his 
wife. 



138 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

father, Sir William More, 1 to ye fre schoole at Gwilford; 
from thence at 15 yeres of adge he went to Oxforde 
to Martin Colledge, where he proceded Batchelor and 
Maystor of Artes. From thence he wayghted on ye 
greate Earle of Leystor, who wase soe gratious both 
with soverayge and coort ; and wase in very greate 
favour with him, insomutch as he often wase imployed 
in messages and letters betweene his maystor and ye 
Queene. Once among ye reste Leystor hauinge beene 
longe absent, and sendinge Sir George with a letter to 
her Grace, he had present awdience and dispatch, bid- 
inge him make all haste back agayne with this message 
"That she showld do as ye weathor, nothinge but 
weepe (for it then rayned), untill she sawe him," and 
gave him a dimond ringe of her fingor to carrye unto 
him as a pledge of her love. The .Queene loved Sir 
George very well, for she wase wont to come to Losely 
to his father's, Sir William More's, very often, whom she 
called her black howseband. Aftorwardes he traveled 
with Sir Philip Sydney as his kinsman and companyen 
all over Ffrance, Itally, and Germanic ; at his retourne 
he wase mutch honoured and imployed in many ser- 
uices by ye Queene. He maryed one of ye dawghtors 
and co-heyres of Sir Adrian Poyninges, Knight, some- 

1 Knighted by the Earl of Leicester, in the garden of the Earl of Lincoln, 
at Firford, the Queen being present. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 139 

time Governor of Portesmouth ; where one of his sonnes 
lieth buryed in ye entoringe into ye chawncel, with an 
inscription of brass ; he wase liniolly descended from ye 
howse of ye Lord Poyninges, of Shropshire ; he had 2 
sistors onlye, one 1 maryed to my Lord Chancelor 
Egerton, and the other 2 to Sir Francis Mannering, of 
Shropshire. Sir George More beinge a Parliament man, 
wase by the Queene, not beinge in ye Bill, chosen by 
her shryfe for spetioll seruice. A President not to be 
paralled, he wase ye awntientest Knight in Surry, and 
Justice and Debutie-Liftennant ; he wase one of the 
Hygh Commission chosen by Prince Henry when he went 
fyrst to keep howse, his Thresuror, who he infinitely 
loued and certaynely woold nevor haue changed had he 
lived to haue been Kinge. He was Chawncelor of ye 
Gartor, and p'formed that seruice so well as that Kinge 
James 3 woold often say he coold nevor find any crack 
in him; when Somerset the Kinge's greate favorite had 



1 Elizabeth: Sir Thos. Egerton, afterwardes Lord Ellesmere, was her 
third husband. 

2 Anne : married Sir F. Mainwaring, Kt., of Ightfield, Shropshire. 

3 Whatever King James's opinion of Sir George may have been, he in 1601 
formed a very unfavourable estimate of the character of his future Royal master. 
In May of that year he was at Brussels, and a letter from thence, preserved in 
the State Paper Office, says: "George More, who came here about the Spanish 
title, and left in discontent for Scotland, has returned thence still more dis- 
gusted ; and proclaims the King a dissembler, promise breaker, inconstant, 
and given privately to drunkenness ; that he quarrels with his wife, and had 
thought of putting her in prison, but was dissuaded by his Council." 



140 THE OGLANDEB MEMOIRS. 

offended, Sir George wase by ye Kinge himselve chosen 
Liftennant of ye Tower, as one of the trustiest and 
ablest he cowld find owt for that seruice. The Kinge 
and olso Queene Elizabeth often imployed him in com- 
missions, and for to woorke ye Parliament House to 
sutch thinges as they desyred to haue effected. He 
wase only unfortunate in that the favorites nevor af- 
fected him ; for Somerset woold often tell him, beinge his 
prisoner in ye tower, that he often heard Kinge James 
nominate him for greate places when they fell, and that 
he had still crossed him, and mooved ye Kinge for 
others, and that he had had divors of ye beste places if 
he had not hindered him. The like did Buckingame 
doo when the Kinge had sworn to him that he showld 
be Maystor of the Wardes before he went owte of towne, 
it the Duke of Buckingame woold haue it for another 
of his creatures. He wase but littell of stature, but of 
greate abilities, by nature very passionate, it in his wis- 
dome he conquered that passion, insomutch as you 
woold think him to be of mild disposition; his only 
errour amonge his many admirable vertues wase, that 
he to mutch neglected his owne affayres, and followed 
ye Coourt, and other men. He thought his merites 
woold have aduaunced him to soome hygh place, as no 
man bettor deserued it; but he liued in a time that 
mony bore downe all merite, and a dounce with mony 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 141 

wase bettor esteemed then ye beste, ablest, and deser- 
uinge man liuinge. Then he wase of a woonderful free 
disposition, many makinge use of his goode nature; a 
greate howsekeper, for when I fyrst maryed his dawgh- 
tor he gaue 50 liueryes, spente every weeke an ox 
and 12 shepe, kept his stuarde's table, and had all 
thinges proportionable to it. Butt when Prince Henry 
dyed, then fell all his fortunes. He wase of his diott 
ye temperatest, and ye greatest paynetaker that evor I 
knewe, and a honestor man nevor liued. He hadd 3 
sonnes and 5 dawghtors, ye eldest maryed to Sir 
Nicholas Gary, 1 the second to Sir Thomas Grymes, ye 
third to ye Deane of St. Pawles, Doctor Donne, 2 the 
fourth to Baronett Milles, 3 who dyed in childbed; ye 
youngest to Sir John Oglander. I maye trulye saye of 
this man, I nevor knewe any more payneful of bodye, or 
more industrious of minde ; he wase quallified with rare 
gwyftes, as with judgement, learninge, memorie, under- 
standinge, knowlledge, ellocution, honestie, loue, and 
liberallitie. He wase littel and good. "Morus tarde 
moriens ; Morum cito moriturum." 4 Sir George More, 

1 Sir Nicholas Thockmorton Carew, Kt., of Bedington, Surrey, 1598. 

2 Married in 1602 : see Life by Walton. 

3 Sir John Mills, Bt. , of Camoys Court. 

4 This punning motto, or rebus on the name of More, Sir John probably 
copied on one of his visits to Loseley, as on the ceiling of the parlour of that 
house there still remains a representation of a mulberry tree, with the above 
inscription by the sides of it. 



142 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

ye best of men, departed this wordle (wherein he took 
more paynes for ye seruice of his countery then any 
man liuinge) ye 5 th of October, 1632, and left his grand- 
child, Poynings More, ye sonn of Sir Eobert, to succeed 
him as his heyre in Loseley; which Poynings 1 More 
kept his Christmas with me 1632. 

THE LIFE OF SHI JOHN LEYGH, OF NORTH COORT, 
IN SHORWELL, MY GOOD FRYND. 

He wase a younger brother's sonn of kin to that Sir 
John Leygh, of Apeldorcoombe. whose dawghtor and 
heyre Sir James Woorseleye, of Lancashyre, maryed; 
he was born but to small fortune, only a handsome, 
active, younge gentleman; his father 2 left him soome 
yeres in Arreton flarme, and he had an unkell 3 that wase 
Stuard to ye Abbot of Quarr that dyed and left him ye 
remaynes of his fortunes; all that he had wase not 
woorth above 2000. He maryed one of Mr. John 
Dinglie's dawghtors 4 of Woolverton, they beinge fyrst 



1 Eldest son of Sir Robert, by Frances, daughter of Sampson Lennard, Esq. 
In 1632 he was granted licence and passport by the Lords of the Council "to 
travell into f orraine partes and therein to remain for the space of three yeres, 
provided that he repairs not to the Cittie of Rome without licence first 
obtained from his Majestie." He was created a Baronet in 1642. 

2 Barnaby Leigh, who married Grace, daughter of Henry Lyte, Esq., of 
Lyte's Gary, Somerset. 

3 Edward Leigh, of Shorwell. 

4 Elizabeth. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 143 

(so chosen) Lord and Ladie of a Sommerpole at a Wliit- 
sontide in ye P'risch of Shorwell; in those dayes that 
honest recreation wase very common, and not dishonor- 
able, but as a meanes to make many matches, and to 
drawe mutch good companie togeathor, ye gayne where- 
of went to ye mayntenance of ye church. Mr. Dinglie, 
his fathor-in-lawe, wase imployed by Sir George Carey 
as his Debutie-liftennant, Sir John Leygh liuinge with 
him and beinge more active than his fathor-in-lawe, dis- 
patched most of ye busines, and beinge soe browght up 
(at ye feete of Gameliell) inabled him soe well, that 
aftor Mr. Dinglie's death Sir George Carye made choyce 
of him for his Debutie Liftennant, and aftor him my 
Lord of Sowthampton. 1 He continued longe in that 
place and aloone, becawse Mr. Woorsley whose awnces- 
tors had ye full commaund heretofore woold not accept 
of it, and there wase few others that lined in ye 
cowntery capabell of itt. He had olso ye nomination 
in my Lord Conway's time, although then soe owld as 
not compos mentis. He had 2 brothers, 2 and a sistor 
maryed to Sir George Guntor; he liued to see them 



1 Dec. 31, 1603, the Earl of Southampton nominated Thoe. Woraley, of 
Appuldurcombe, and John Leygh, of Shorwell, Deputy-Captains of the Island, 
and of the castles and forts therein, with proviso of their granting no licences 
for the export of grain. 

2 Anthony Leigh, of London, and Barnaby Leigh, of Thorley, who married 
Mabel, daughter of John Dingley, of Wolverton. 



144 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

all buryed, as olso many of his own children, namely, 
Mrs. Grace Leygh, a handsom gentlewoman and a 
good, maryed to Sir John Eychardes, of Yaverland. 
He wase a gentleman of ye most temperatest diott that 
evor I knewe, contented and satisfied with a small 
mattor eythor of meate or drinke. At ye ordinarye 
with us, he woold not eate above 3 or 4 bittes of meate, 
and proportionablelie of drinke. I wase with him in 
ye peace 20 yeres, and most of that tyme noe other butt 
ourselves in ye Island ; he woold nevor differ in opinion, 
butt of a mild and good nature ; no schollar, nor mutch 
redd, but verie paynful, and willinge to doo what good 
he coold, verie pittiful and merciful ; in his lattor tyme 
weepinge at every disaster. He hadd manye children, 1 
butt only 2 dawghtors. He lived to see 4 Captaynes 2 
of ye Island buryed; to see all those that weare howse- 
kepers when he wase a younge mann buryed; to see all 
ye gentlemen of his own adge (I meane in this Island) 
buryed, only Sir John Meux excepted ; to see all gentle- 
men that weare borne and liuinge, younge or owlde, 
when he wase first maryed, buryed; to see all ye Jus- 
tices of Peace that weare in commission when he 
wase fyrst putt in, buryed; he liued to be ye oldest 

1 His second son, Thos. Leigh, was Mayor of Newport, and married Jane, 
daughter of Emanuel Bad, Esq. 

2 Sir Richard Worsley 1565, Sir Edward Horsey 1582, Sir George Carey 
1603, and Earl of Southampton 1625. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 145 

Justice of ye Peace and gentleman in ye Island and 
shyre at lardge; and is nowe still liuinge, September, 
1629. 

He wase a very good howsband, and by his frugallitie 
and by laying owt his mony on reversions (namely 
Northcoort) he gott a good estate, which his sonn, Mr. 
Barnabas Leygh, by his good howsbandrie, and by his 
3 wy fifes, 1 hath mutch augmented. Sir John wase taken 
with a ded palsy going into his garden to untruss, his 
horses beinge at ye door sadled for to ryde to Winches- 
tor to ye Assises, when he wase abowt 30 yeres of adge, 
soe that all his ryght syde wase ded, and he lived soe 
with that palsy (as I think no sutch president before) 50 
yeres. He wase Knyghted at Bewlie by Kinge James in 
ye 3rd yere of his reygn (Aug. 30, 1606,) at ye request 
of my Lord of Sowthampton, all owre companies then 
trayning at Bewlie before his Ma tie - He woold often 



1 In the north aisle of Shorwell Church is a large and singular brass to the 
memory of the first and second wives of Mr. Barnaby Leigh, with this inscrip- 
tion : "To ye remembrance of ye two most worthie and religious gentlewomen, 
his late deare and loyall wives, Mrs. Elizabeth Bampfield, whoe died ye 7th 
of March, 1615, having bin ye mother of )5 hopeful children; and Mrs. 
Oartrude Parsevall, who died childles, ye '22nd of December, 1619, was this 
monument consecrated by their living and sorrowful husband, Barnabas Leigh, 
Esq." Twelve lines of verse here follow. His third wife was the widow of 
- Bulkeley, of Burgate, Hants, by whom he had one son, Francis Leigh, of 
Alvington, I.W, 

N 



146 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

take up his grandchild in his armes (now Sir John 
Leygh the younger) and say, "Thou wilt one daye 
revenge my quarrell, and wisch thie fathor ded as hee 
now wischeth mee;" this hee woold merylie say to 
young Sir John Leygh, his grandchild; for Mr. Barn- 
abie Leygh wase nonne of the most duetifull sonns, for 
he woold often say, "Woold I coold say ye beginnings 
of ye Lorde's Prayer." Sir John Leygh bwylt and 
bowght 1 Northcoort, which formerlye wase a priorie; 
he surveyed all ye workes at Caresbroke, 2 Sandham, 
and Cowse Castelles, and kept ye accomptes; he did 
very mutch good in his countery; lived to be a very 
childe of 80 and odd yeres, to see his grandchildren 
haue children ; and when he dieth he will leaue many 
wryghtinges behind him, which to haue coppies of them 
woold be mutch for ye good of ye countery; ye lyke is 
there in ye studdie of Apledorcombe, many notable 
antiquities, presidents, orders and constitutions, for ye 
good of this Island. Hee dyed in January, 1629, 3 ye 



1 Of Mr. Temes. 

2 In a roll of the accounts of the works and repairs carried out at Caris- 
brooke Castle, 1587-88, occurs this item: "John Leigh, gent., for the expenses 
and chardges of himself e, fyve men, and sixe horses, for 12 dayes travellings 
from the Isle of Wyghte to London, stayinge there, and bringing downe the 
thousand markes appoynted for the fortifications, 4.0.0." 

3 New style, 1630. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 147 

19th, and was buryed 1 with greate solemnity 8th of 
March by Mr. Jones, 2 of Arreton. 

THE LIFE OF SIR RYCHARD WOORSELEY, 
KNYGHT AND BARRONET. 

When he wase younge he wase taught and educated by 
his fathor, Mr. Thomas Woorseley, 3 a man well learned 
and of very good partes ; when he accomplishched ye 



1 The north aisle of Shorwell Church was the burying place of the Leigh 
family, where there is a monument with kneeling effigies to the memory of Sir 
John Leigh and his grandson, with the following inscription: "Memoria 
Sacrum, Olarissimo Amantissimo Patri Johanni Leigh de Northcourt in 
Insul.i Vectis Equiti Aurat. qui obiit 18 die Janivari, Ano. Dni. 1629, a-tatis 
su;u 83, et sepultus fuit sub hoc tumulo, hoc Honoris Amoris Doloris Testi- 
monium posuit moestissimus Filius natu maximus, Barnabas* Leigh, Armig. 
Vixit post Funera Virtus." Ten lines of verse here follow. In another com- 
partment is this: "Mors ^ternitatis Nativitas. Barnabas Leigh, son and 
heire of Sir John Leigh and Elizabeth Bulckly, his wife, nine moneths old, 
died Janivary 25th, 1629, and was laide in the toombe of his great grandfather, 
who saw his heir of ye fourth generation. 

"Inmate in graue he tooke his grandchilde heire, 
Whose soule did haste to make to him repaire, 
And soe to heaven along as little page 
With him did poast to wait upon nis age. " 

On another monument is an inscription to the memory of "The Religious and 
vertuous Ladie, Elizabeth Leigh, dawgt. of John Dingley, Esq. , late wife of 
Sir John Leigh, Kt. Died ye 27th day of Octbr., Ano. Dni. 1619. And lieth 
here interred." An inscription in verse follows, beginning: 
"Sixteene a maid, and (if tie yeares a wyfe, 
Make ye sum totall of my passed life. 
Long tared so finely spunn, so fairlie ended, 
That few shall match this patterne, fewer mend it." 

ThU must hare been written after Mr. Barnabas had mid the beglning of the Lurd'a 
Pniyer. 

2 The Rev. W. Jones, presented to the living of Arreton by Sir Thos. 
Fleming, 1615. 

3 Married Barbara, daughter of William St. John, Esq., of Farley, Hants. 



148 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

adge of 12 yeres his father putt him to Winchester 
Colledge where he profited very well in his learninge. 
Abote 15 yeres of adge his father dyed, 1 then he wase 
putt to Oxforde, to Magdeline Colledge, where with the 
helpe and laboure of his tutor, one Castilion, he grewe 
to be a very pregnant scholler, and verie expert in ye 
Greeke tounge; well seene in all learninge. When he 
wase scholler in Winton Colledge, at a hun tinge daye 
with a strype of a hasell twigge he lost one of his eyes, 
it so ordered as hardlie to be descerned. Aboute 20 
yeres of adge, his tutor carringe of him into Berkeshyre 
to his brother's, Sir Francis Castilion, he ovvt of his 
respect to them both, Sir Eychard Woorseley and Sir 
Henry Neville, for Sir Francis had maryed Mr. St. 
John's dawghtor, sistor to Sir Rycharde's mother, so he 
carryed him to Billingbeare to Sir Henry Neville's 
howse, where he fell in loue with M 8tnj - Francis Neville, 
one of ye handsomest littel women that wase in this 
kingdome, or that ever at least I sawe; I think fancie 
prevayled over portion. Then Sir Henry gott him to 
be Knyghted, and aftorwardes to be a Barronet; 2 then 
he came into ye Island to be a howsekeeper and to be 
putt into ye Commission of ye Peace, whose oathe I 
gaue him; he kept a verie bountifull howse, and gaue 
greate entertaynement ; lived in greate repute in his 

1 In 1604. 2 In 161} f 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. l49 

counterye and verie hapilie. He had singular good 
gwyftes both of art and nature, a verie honest man 
where he did affect, butt withall verie nice and scrupu- 
lous in doinge of coortises, as to lend moneyes, or be 
bound for anye; for he desired to be bound with Sir 
John Dinglie to ye Ordinarye on his maryadge, that 
there wase no precontract betweene liim and anie other. 1 
Verie collerick, butt his judgment woold well moderate 
itt, wonderful studious, insomutch as he affected no 
counterye spoortes, eythor hawkinge or huntinge, but 
whollie spent his tyme when he wase alone att his 
booke; verie merry, and a notable good fellowe in 
companie that he knewe. He delyghted much in fling- 
inge of cuschions at one another's heddes only in sporte, 
and for exersise; untill that with a cuschion at Gat- 
combe I wase lyke to putt foorth his other eye. He 
loued to keep a good table, otherwyse he woold haue 
nothinge more than necessarie nor hardly that, not 



1 This he did probably because an arrangement had been made, and speci- 
fied in his father's will, between his father, Thomas VVorsley, and John White, 
of Southwick, co. Hants, that his son, Richard Worsley, should marry Honora, 
the eldest daughter of the said John White, if they, Richard and Honora, so 
agreed; his father having lent John White 1500, taking as security the 
Manor of Marwell , the Rectory of VVymering, and all the tithes, &c. , after 
the death of 'the said John White, and Frances, his wife. If the said marriage 
did not take place, and John White wished to redeem, he was to pay down 
2000, which was to be laid out in the purchase of other lands for Richard 
Worsley. Honora White eventually became the wife of Sir Daniel Norton. 



150 THE OGLANDEK MEMOIRS. 

respectinge good clothes. Beinge in a parliament, 1 ye 
last of Kinge James, sooin of his howsehold gott ye 
small poxe, and comminge hoome soom of his children 
had it, and afterwardes himselve, who beinge not so 
careful as he showld, and remouinge into his wyfe's 
chawmber aftor they weare owt on him, certaynely tooke 
cold and dyed 2 in ye flower of his adge, to ye greate 
gryfe of his fryndes and generoll loss to ye whole 
counterye; he is buryed in ye sowth chawncell in 
GodshiU Church. 

Sir Eychard Woorseley, my good frynd, who both 
for naturoll and artificiall gwyftes had not his fellowe 
in owre cowntrie, and his fayre ladye, who for bewtie 
and virtue is woorthie of ye lyke commendations, often 
laye att my howse with mee 3 or 4 dayes togeathor; he 
dyed unfortunately of ye small poxe, and his ladye 
wase lyke to runn ye same fortune. 

M* 18 - Ann Worseley, dawghtor to Sir Eychard Worse- 
ley, Knyght and Barronet, whoe soom 6 yeares aftor 
her father's death, wase by her mother maryed at 17 
yeres of adge to one Sir John Leygh, 3 a Londinor's sonn ; 
she wase maryed unto him in London at the howse 
oposite to ye 3 Crownes next to ye Savoye Gate, about 
ye 9th of November, Ano. Dom. 1629; and she wase 

1 He was M.P. for Newport, 1620-21. 

2 June 27, 1621. 3 Of .Bury, Suffolk. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 151 

brought abed of a sonn at Apeldorcombe on ye 1 2th of 
August, Ano. 1630; and she herselve dyed ye 16th of 
August followinge, weathor by takinge colde (which 
coold hardlie bee) or with an iinposthume in her hed, 
or of a disease that then commonly raygned in owre 
Island (a kind of burninge feavor) I knowe not. But 
this I cann confidently averr, that this Island nevor 
bredd a bettor or a handsomer gentlewoman, or a 
woman everie way bettor qualified; she wase buryed 
by her fathor in ye chawncell in Godshill Church, 
where sutch a fathor, sutch a dawghtor lyeth; both 
sutch as I must confess I nevor knewe any that ex- 
ceeded them. They 2 beinge gone, the glory of that 
howse is passed away, and although there be more 
branches of ye sayde stocke it left, it they will 
proove Crabbs in respect of that fay re fruit. So wee 
will leve them in Godshill, theyre Mount Syon, weathor 
praye God to bringe us all. 

To wryght an epitaph on ye fathor and ye dawghtor 
I showld extenuate rathor than demonstrate theyre 
woorth. Only frame an idea of a most p'fect man and 
woman, and then beleve yt sutch they weare. 

Sir Rychard Woorseley, ye mann of learning, patron 
of virtue, frynd of good fellowes, and credite both of 
his howse and ye Islande, lyeth buryed in ye upper 
ende of ye sowthe chawncell in Godshill Church, with- 



152 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

out anie monument; whoe wase woorthie to haue his 
statue made in goold, but his good fame and virtue shall 
outlive all toombes. 

Richer than thieselve, covering there is none, 
Thou to thieselve suppliest the want of stone. 

In Godshill church woorse lie 

Than ye name of Woorseley ; 

Earth nevor bettor hadd, 

Few men soe far from badd. 

Happie men, happie soile, 

Whoe aftor lyfe and toile, 

With prayse in peace doo rest 

In Godshill, which is best. 

His ladye, though my good frynd, and for virtue, 
noblenes, and bewtie, woorthie sutch a howsband, it 
herein wase wantinge. 

[Sir John probably alludes to the passion of " his good 
frynd " for Sir Chas. Bartlett, which seems to have been 
unrequited, as in another place of his MSS. Sir John has 
inserted some very vigorous lines, which were written by 
Lady Frances Worsley on the marriage of Sir Charles. 
Resentment and disappointed affection may have shar- 
pened her pen, but the incisive couplets following were the 
production of no ordinary woman."] 

" Bee what thou wilt, be counterfeyt or ryght, 
Bee constant, serious, or be vayne or lyght ; 
My love remaynes inviolate ye same, 
Thou canst be nothinge that can quench ye flame, 



THE OGLANDEB MEMOIRS. 153 

Butt it will burne as long as them hast breth 
To keepe itt kindled, if not after deth. 
Nere wase there one more trewe than I to thee ; 
And though my fayth must nowe despised bee, 
Unprised, unvalued, att ye lowest rate, 
Yet this I'le tell thee 'tis not all thie state, 
Nor all that bettor seeminge woorth of thine, 
Can buye thee sutch another love as myne ; 
Likinge it may but oh there's as mutch odds 
Twixt love and likinge, as 'tweene men and gods." 1 



Ye Pedigree of ye Woorseleys of Apledorcombe. 

Apelder Combe wase originollie one Apelder's; 

Combe in ye Saxon tongue signifieth a valley or a 

bottom betweene hilles. Kychard Eivors, Lord of this 

Isle, gaue it to a religious howse att Lyra 2 in Norman- 



1 The passion of a widow of mature age, with several children, though 
violent, is apt to be transient, and time brought about a change in the lady's 
feelings. At all events, about 1636-7, Lady Frances Worsley became the wife 
of Col. Jeremy Brett, Captain of Southsea Castle. Col. Brett, a kinsman to the 
Duke of Buckingham, commanded a regiment in the fruitless Northern expe- 
dition of 1639 ; and on his return his men mutinied at Durham, and threatened 
his life. In 1642, after the removal of the Earl of Portland from the Island, he 
was appointed by the King Captain of Carisbrooke Castle. There, with the 
Countess of Portland and her family, twenty men and three days' provisions, 
he was besieged by Moses Read, Mayor of Newport, assisted by four hundred 
seamen landed from the fleet, and Harby, the Minister of the Town. Resistance 
being out of the question, he surrendered on honourable terms. His wife died 
in 1659. 

2 The Manor of Appuldurcombe was granted by Isabella de Fortibus to the 
Benedictine Abbey of Monteburg in the Diocese of Coutances, France, which 
abbey was founded by her ancestor, Richard de Redvers, in 1090. The alien 
priories being dissolved and their lands seized by the Crown, Appuldurcombe 



154 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

die, iii Edward ye 1st or 2nd, therfore ye {Frenchmen 
possessed it, husbanded it, and retourned ye commody- 
ties thereof to Lyra. In Edward ye 3rd tyme in his 
warres he took itt awaie and annexed itt to his Crowne ; 
there is a mill carieth ye name of ffrench mill, still. 
Aftor ye warres with Ffrance, itt wase grawnted 
by ye Kinge to ye Minorys without Aldgate, London. 
Sir John Leygh, originollie a Dorsetshyre man, by 
marying Fry's widdowe, came to haue the lease, whoe 
hauinge but one dawghtor and heyre, named Ann, one 
Mr. James Woorseley, a courtior of Lancashyre, ma- 
ryed her, by his ffryndes at Coorte gott to be Knighted, 
and aftor ye Lord Woodvill to be mayde Captayne of 
this Island. He hadd 2 sonnes, Kychard and John. 
Eychard 1 maryed a Sinbarbe, 2 of Hampshyre; had 2 



was granted in the 30th year of Henry VI. to the Minoresses without Aldgate, 
London, and by them was leased to the Frys. The last of this family dying 
without issue, left the lease to his widow, Mary, the daughter of John Hackett, 
Esq., of Woolverton. She married for her second husband Sir John Leigh, of 
More, Dorsetshire, and left by him an only daughter, Ann, who became the 
wife of Sir James Worsley. The church at Godshill was one of those given to 
the Abbey of Lire, soon after the Conquest, by William Fitz Osborne. 

1 "Rychard wase Captayne of ye Island, and bwylte Woorseley 's tower. 
He wase a brave, stout, and woorthie gentleman, but he dyed younge. " (From 
another place in the MSS.) 

2 Ursula, second daughter of Henry St. Barbe, of Ashington, Somerset, 
who married secondly the famous Sir Francis Walsingham, Secretary of State ; 
who in spite of the efforts of John Worsley, brother and heir to Richard, en- 
joyed in right of his wife the leases of Bowcombe and the Manors of Godshill 
and Freshwater. The lease of the Priory of Carisbrooke also belonged to his 
wife from her first husband, but Walsingham procured of the Queen a grant of 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 155 

sonnes, John and George; wase olso Captayne of this 
Island; liued in good repute, and dyed Ano. Dom. 1565; 
his widdowe (Ursula) maryed Sir Francis Walsingham, 
by whom she had only one dawghtor, fyrst maryed to 
that woorthie Sir Philip Sidneye, then to ye Earl of 
Essex, aftorwardes behedded ; lastly to the Earl of 
Clenricott. 1 John and George, ye sonnes of Ey chard, 
beinge in ye lodge or gatehowse of Apledorcombe, 
where they went to scoole, the servantes weare dryinge 
of powder there, agaynst ye generall mowstor (in 1567), 
a sparkle flewe into ye dische that sett fyre of a barrel! 
that stood bye, blewe up a side of ye gatehowse, killed 
ye two children (one beinge 8 and ye other 9 yeres of 
adge), and some others; hurte one James Woorsley, a 
youth, theyre kinsman and mine, that went to scoole 
theyre with them, whoe hath often tolde me this storye. 



the Priory in reversion for 31 years, for a fine of 200, and a rent of 105. 
Walaiugham died deeply in debt, incurred in the public service, in 1590 ; the 
Crown being one of his principal creditors. In a memorial to the Queen in 
1602, "the poor old widow of Her Majestie's ancient own servant" begs for 
the reversion of the Priory of Carisbrooke, which she had had in lease 12 years, 
and which was all the living left her by the death of her first husband, Mr. 
Worsley. She had paid Her Majesty since the death of her late husband, by 
the sale of a good lease, &c., 16,000; but had been obliged to take up money 
on interest, for the repayment of which she had been forced to sell WaJsing- 
li-ini House, in London, and Fulham Parsonage. She scarcely lived long enough 
to know the result of her touching appeal, for in little more than a month after 
its delivery the aged lady died, and was buried by the side of her second hus- 
band in St. Paul's Cathedral. (State Pajiers, Doinentic.) 
I Richard de Burgh, Earl of Clanricarde and St. Albans. 



156 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

(He escaped, but wase miserably burned.) Then John 
Woorsley, ye brother to Eychard, entered into Aple- 
dorcombe, maryed a Mewx, 1 had butt one child named 
Thomas. John dyinge, Thomas entered, and maryed 
a Sinjohn; 2 had 2 sonnes, Eychard and John; Eychard 
aftor Thomas's death entered, maryed Sir Henry 
Neville's dawghtor, dyed of ye smale pox, left sonnes, 
Henry, 3 Eychard, Thomas (my godson), John, Ann, 
Elizabeth, and Dorothee. 

Thomas Woorseley, 4 of Chale, wase a bastard begot- 
ten by Mr. Eychard Woorsely, of Apledorcombe, on ye 
bodie of one Urie Targett's dawghtor, who dwelt at 
Whatchingwell, and this mayd wase his dearymayde, 
and a good handsom wench. This Mr. Thomas Woorse- 
ley wase a braue, wyse, and stout gentleman, liued well 
and gott a good estate owt of Chale ferme, beinge all 
that wase by his father left unto him. He pourchased 

1 Jane, daughter of Richard Meux, Esq., of Kingston. 

2 Barbara, daughter of William St. John, Esq., of Farley, Hants. 

3 Henry, his successor; Richard, John, and Dorothy died unmarried. Ann 
married Sir John Leigh, of Bury, and Elizabeth, Sir John Meux, of Kingston. 
The descendants of Thomas succeeded to the Baronetcy on the failure of the 
elder branch by the death of Sir Richard Worsley in 1805. 

4 Son of Richard Worsley, who died 1565, and who left by will to this 
Thos. Worsley, or Medmore, then at Winchester School, 20 yearly for his 
maintenance, also 100 marks on his attaining the age of 21. John Worsley, 
the brother of Richard, also left in his will 200 to Thos. Worsley, alias 
Medmore, to be paid out of the profits of a farm at Swainston, besides an an- 
nuity of 20 for four or five years. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 157 

200 a yere land, and dyed and left it to his eldest 
sonn; for he had as I remember but one soim and a 
dawghtor, 1 which wase maryed to Mr. William Bowre- 
man, of Brooke; his sonn olso maryed ye sayd Mr. 
Bowreman's sistor, 2 aftorwardes ye wyfe of Mr. Edward 
Leygh, second sonn to Sir John Leygh, and dyed. He 
degenerated mutch from his fathor, for he was a folisch, 
cokhedded, druncken beast, and his sonn proveth lyke 
ye fathor, a most deboysed, druncken, folisch younge 
man; whoe I thinke will be the last of that famelye; 
whether it be ye corruptions of owre owne nature, 
or a curse of God for owre offenses that famely's soe 
degenerated, I leave to others' judgements. 

THE LYFE OF YE LORDE CONWAY, CAPTAYNE OF YE 
ISLE OF WYGHT. 

[Sir Edward Conway was the son of Sir John Conway, 
Kt., of Ragley, Warwick, who was appointed Governor of 
Ostend by the Earl of Leicester in 1586. His mother 
was Elene, daughter of Sir Fulke Greville. Sir Edward 
served in the expedition to Cadiz, 1596, where he com- 
manded a regiment, and was Knighted by the Earl of 
Essex. He was afterwards Governor of Brill, till it was 
delivered up to the Dutch in 1616. In 1620-1 he was 

\ fcrbara Worsley. 2 Emma Bowrenum. 



158 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

sent with Sir R. Weston as Ambassador to Prague, on 
a fruitless mission, to endeavour to effect a reconciliation 
between the Elector Frederick and the Emperor. By the 
influence of Buckingham he was appointed Secretary of 
State, 1623, and the King himself recommended him to the 
Lords, for his birth, his soldierly qualities, his language, 
his honesty, and his courtesy. In March, 1624, he was 
created Lord Conway of Ragley, and was appointed 
Captain of the Isle of Wight in December of the same 
year. He was further advanced to the dignity of Viscount 
Killultagh, co. Antrim, and Viscount Conway of Conway 
Castle, Carnarvon, in 1626. In 1629 he became Lord 
President of the Council, which post he filled till his 
decease in January, 1631.] 

He wase a younger brother of a worshipful howse of 
ye Conwayes at Eagland in Warwickshyre, of whence 
he wase made Baron of Eagland, and Viscount Con- 
waye. In his youth, as I haue heard him often saye, 
he wase wilde, and nevor coold endure his booke, butt 
rann awaye from schoole, and went into ye Lowe 
Counteries to ye warres, and lived long as a common 
sowldior; afterwardes by his owne endeavours (as cer- 
taynely in his youth he wase verye valiant) he obtayned 
a captayne's place, and after that he wase made Liften- 
nant Governor of ye Brill, under Sir Ffrancis Veare. I 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 159 

haue heard him often saye that he nevor had anything 
of his fathor, but by ye deth of his eldest brother, 1 he 
had that Estate of Eagland, beinge woorth 800 per 
annum. When ye Brill (on payment of ye moneyes by 
ye Dutch that Queene Elizabeth lente on those caution- 
arye 2 townes wase payde to Kinge James) wase surren- 
dered to ye Dutch, Sir Edward Conway hauinge a 
companie and that commaund of ye Brill, beinge forced 
to leave ye one, willinglie surrendered up ye other to 
one Sir Alexander Brette, ve Duke of Buckinrjame's 

' * 

cosen germain; and came for England, and putt him- 
selve wholley to please and flatter ye Duke, 3 who tooke 

1 "Sir Fulke Conway, brother to Mr. Secretary, having his house in 
Ireland burnt about his ears by negligence in taking tobacco, and escaping 
the first fury of the fire, would needs venture in again to save certain writings or 
papers ; but came so singed, and stilled with the smoke, that he died presently, 
leaving better than 2000 land a year in the country to descend to Mr. 
Secretary." ( Cluimberlain to Carkton, Due. 18, 1624- C. and T.) 

2 The cautionary towns were Brill, Flushing, and Rammekins, which the 
States had put into the possession of Queen Elizabeth, as security for the 
money she had lent them while engaged in their struggle for independence 
with Spain. The garrisons of the towns were Englishmen, who were paid by 
the Dutch ; but the States being anxious to regain possession of their towns, 
and apprehensive that James might sell them to the Spaniards, to induce the 
King the more readily to listen to their proposals, ceased to pay the soldiers, 
and excused themselves by the plea of poverty. The garrisons were soon in a 
state of starvation, and after long deliberations, the towns, in April, 1616, 
were finally given up to the Dutch, who agreed to pay in settlement of all 
claims 215,000. Out of this sum the principal otticers who had held com- 
mands in the towns received pensions, Sir E. C'onway amongst them, who was 
granted an annuity of 500 in compensation for the loss of his post at Brill. 

3 "Mr. Secretary (Jonway is yours, bodie and soul. I never heard of the 
like of him, for he Hies at all men that 1 >u not yours. " (Sir J. Hijtpuiley to 
Buckingham. ) 



160 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

ye givinge of his companye to his cosen Brette soe 
kindlye that he had him in goode estimation; but his 
grosse flatterie he used to ye Duke did him beste ser- 
vice, for he woold speake verye well, and had excellent 
naturol gwyftes, 1 and a woonderful complimentor, and 
to grosse a flatterer; with whych he had soe bewitched 
ye Duke, that one daye speakinge of ye Lord Conway, 
he openlye sayd that he knewe noe honnor that Conway 
wase not woorthie of, nor noe place in ye common- 
wealthe to good for him; whereupon ye Duke procured 
him to be principal Secretary of State, (a place that he 
wase noe waye capable of), and made him a Vicount, 
Liftennant of Hampshyre, and Captayne of ye Isle of 
Wyght. Kinge James one daye hauinge a lettor sent 
him from Venise, wrytten in ye Latine tounge, tooke 
him to my Lord Conway to reade, but he beinge noe 
scholar coold not; then aftor his M atie had reade him, 
he bid him take his pen and wryght as he woould 
dictate unto him, but he coold not wryght that anye 
coold reade, 2 (as you maye see his wryghtinge in soome 
postscript, of letters sent to mee); whereupon Kinge 

1 "The Lord of Buckingham says that he (Conway) is the best company 
that may be, either for jest or earnest." (Chamberlain to Carleton, Oct. 12, 
1622.) 

2 The handwriting of Conway was so bad that his own clerks were often 
unable to read his unintelligible scrawls. Papers still exist in the State Paper 
Office endorsed "In my Lord's own hand," the clerks being unable to decipher, 
or to specify more fully their contents. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 161 

James begann to sweare that ye Duke had preferred a 
secretary to him that coould neythor wryghte nor 
reade; 1 this tale he hath often tolde to mee. He de- 
livered his minde in verye good woordes, and woold 
indite very well, only itt wase to flatteringe and com- 
plimentol; and that whych made him soe ill-beloved 
wase that he woold tender his service to all, and denie 
noe man a courtisie or favor in woordes ; but in deedes 
he nevor woould nor coold p'forme itt. Therein wase 
his greatest imp'fection, as beinge wilhnge to denie 
noone, or able to pleasure all. You shall moore lively 
see his nature by this. One daye, he and myselve 
beinge walkinge aloane in St. James' Parke, in ye Long 
Walke, there came by a page, and my Lord asked him 
whose servant he wase ; he awnsored, ye Ladye Wim- 
bolton's. 2 "Pray tell your Ladye that your fellowe 
servant remembreth his duty unto her." Ye page 
beinge amazed, my Lord replyed: "I beinge youre 
Ladye's servant, must be your fellowe." Sutch froth 

1 "Sir Edward Conway, bred a soldier, after made a Viscount, and Secretary 
of State ; a rude impollished piece for such an imployment. But the King that 
wanted not his abilities, would often make himself merry with his imperfect 
croul in writing, and hacking expressions in reading, so that he would break 
into laughter, and say in a facetious way : ' Had ever man such a Secretary, 
that can neither write nor read.'" ( WiUon's Life and Jteign of King James /., 
1663.) 

2 Either the second or third wife of Sir Edward Cecil, third son of the first 
Earl of Exeter, created in July, 1626, Viscount Wimbledon. He died in 163S 
without issue male, and all his titles became extinct. 

O 



162 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

and compliraentes he woold use to all, but most espetiol- 
ly to ye feminine sexe, as may appeare. When I invited 
him to my howse, att his cominge into ye Island, he 
astonished my wyfe and dawghtors with his compli- 
ments, yea, my servants olso; for my wyfe's gentle- 
woman lost not her share. Although he wase a meere 
verbal man, it he had soome qualities that weare good ; 
he woold use all men with respect, and he wase an 
excellent howsekeper, nevor thinkynge that he had 
meate enough att his table; 1 for hee woold haue 3 
feasantes in a disch, and 6 partridges; and indeede he 
wase a verye epicure, and free att his table both in 
meate and wynes ; and itt is that way hee spente mutch, 
soe he woold gayne itt any waye; I thinke he nevor 
refused anythinge that wase browght unto him. He 
wase a verye good father and howsband, makynge 
verye mutch of his wyfe and children; hee did manye 
good thinges for this Island vide he procured under 
ye Privie Seale that noe gentleman of ye Island showld 
be made Shryfe. He tooke a mapp of ye whoole 
Island, informinge his Ma tie how, and in what manner 
he woould haue ye Island fortifyed ; and wase a sutor 
to his Ma tte for monyes, and in that needie tyme he 

1 In 1610 a dispensation was granted by the Archbishop of Canterbury to 
Sir E. Conway, his wife, and two others, whom he might choose, to eat Hesh 
at prohibited times, as fish did not agree with him ; provided that he did so 
privately, to avoid scandal, and paid 13s.4d. per year to the poor of his parish. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 163 

procured a Privie Seale for 1500, whereof we had 
300; and if ye tymes had bene fittinge for itt he 
woold haue done moore good, but that whych made 
him respectles of tliis Island wase, that he wryghtinge 
to us, and to Yarmouth, Nutowne, and Nuport, for ye 
Kinge's place att ye Parliament (whych evor they did 
gratifie former Captaynes with 2 or 3 places), they 
denyed him, and woold not give him one, 1 whych 
thinge he tooke very ill, and aftorwardes wase not soe 
willinge to doo good to ye Island. On ye other syde, ye 
Islanders tooke offense agaynst him, fyrst that neythor 
woold he live here, nor procure monyes for ye repayres 
of ye castells, espetiollie Sandam, whych fell down in 
his tyme ; and olso they thought he wase a meanes, or 
att least myght haue hindered itt, to bringe and bilett 
ye Scotch Eegyment in owre Island; but I for my part, 
doo thinke him gwiltlesse of bothe, for in that tyme 
monyes wase not to be had, and ye Scotch Regyment 
wase putt into this Island becawse they shook! not runn 
awaye; beinge constrayned for ye moste part to serve 
contrarye to theyre willes. I am sure he did us good 
and noe hurte, and therefore not soe mutch to be con- 
demned ; as every man almost in ye Island beinge glad 

1 In the election of 1628, the burgesses of Yarmouth refused the request of 
Conway to nominate one of their members, and the burgesses of Newport re- 
fused to elect his eldest son, Edward, who the previous year had taken part in 
Buckingham's French expedition, and was wounded in the Isle of I ; !> 

o2 



164 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

of his deth, as itt wase a common by-woorde amongst 
manye, as hauinge soom losse or crosse, they woould 
sweten itt with sayinge, "But my Lord Conway is ded." 
He had a long tyme an infirme bodye, and evor since 
that att ye Brill he wase by a madman runn throwgh 
ye bodye with a sworde ; for he beinge sicke of an ague 
att ye Brill, in his chawmber, and hearinge a greate 
noyse in ye hall, he went downe to see what itt wase; 
and cominge downe he found a madman that had taken 
awaye a sworde from one of his menn, that had drawen 
him in his owne defense ; wherewith ye madman pre- 
seutlye rann my Lord Conway throwgh ye bodye, 
whych putt awaye his ague, but ye remedie wase 
woorse than ye desease. He dyed ye 3rd of Januarie, 
1630, 1 of a sudden deth, cawsed by an apoplexie; and 
when divors of ye Island woold complayne of him with 
ill speaches, I woold tell them Issope's fabel of ye 
ffrogges, wyschinge that they with them myght not 
wysch agayne for theyre Logge ; for as he did us littel 
good in theyre opinion, soe did he us noe hurte ; nevor 
but once came amongst us, but left all to his Liften- 
nantes. 2 He was good enough, if wee had bene soe 
happie as to haue knowen how to haue made use of 
him. 

1 New style, 1631. 

2 Sir Edward Dennis and Sir J. Oglancler. 



THE OGLAKDER MEMOIRS. 165 

THE LITE OF GEORGE OGLANDER, ESQ. 

In his youth, beinge born at Nunwell, wase brought 
up at scoole there till 1 5 yeres of adge ; then he went to 
ye Ins of Chancerye, from thence to ye Innor Temple, 
where he affectinge ye studie of ye lawe wase called to 
ye barr. He nevor practised, but did mutch good 
amonge his neyghbours; for his fryndes he woold some 
times keepe theyr Courtes, and drawe conveyances; he 
lived to be 68 y'rs old. He wase of midle stature, very 
slendor, wyth littell hayre on his face; he wase longe of 
ye Commission of ye Peace, and very punctioll in ye 
execution of justice, and otherwyse one of ye meriest 
conceyptest men that evor wase. He wase a greate 
enemie to idlenes, and to good clothes, hatinge all 
superfluitie, or needles dresinge on aparrol, as lace, or 
gardes of velvet, which wase then mutch in request. 
He maryed 2 wyfes, ye one a mayden, ye dawghtor of 
one Mr. White in Sussex; 1 ye other a widdowe, then 
dwellinge at Alford, beinge ye dawghtor of one Mr. 
Hammon, of Gwilforde, and ye relict of one Mr. Woodi- 
son; she lived many yeres aftor him, till anno 1597. 
He had butt one dawghter by his fyrst wyfe, called 
Dowsabell, 2 by whom Mr. Harvie, of Avington, now 



1 Elizabeth, daughter of William White. 

2 Dowsabell married John Harvey, of Avington. 



166 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

cometh. He died here at Nuuwell, 1 soom yere aftor his 
mother; for his mother wase so carefull over him, 
beinge a kinde of physition, and he beinge of a weak 
constitution, shee made him many goode brothes and 
cullises to strengthen nature ; so that when his mother 
wase ded, all men sayd that he woold not live 12 
monthes aftor, which proued true, for itt wase thought, 
he beinge on a Sattordaye at Nuporte about justice's 
bwisnes, he theyre tooke a surfeite of meate, and in 



1 George Oglander, Counsellor-at-Law, and a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn, 
was the son of Oliver Oglander, who married Ann, daughter of Gilbert Bullock, 
Esq. , of Arborfield, Berks. The second wife of George Oglander was Alice, 
sister and heir of William Hammond, Esq. , of Guildford, by whom he had two 
sons, Oliver, and William, his successor. In December, 1559, he, as "Centoner 
of St. Elyns" I. W., made a presentment of the state of several parishes in the 
Island, by the order and for the information of the Council. This report 
gives a melancholy picture of the general condition of the Island, and of St. 
Helens in particular. The church there was in such a ruinous state, "that one 
might look in at one end and out at the other," it having "been evil served 
and worse repaired ever since Dr. Cole hath been Provost of Eton"; there had 
been no curate, and but little service for many years; "so that the parishio- 
ners had been fain to bury their corpses themselves ; and yet they pay never- 
theless their tithes. Foreign sailors seeing the shameful using of the same, 
think that all other churches within the realm be like used, and so have 
both spoken and done shameful acts in our derision ; and what they have said 
and made report of in their own country, God knoweth. It is a gazing stock to 
all foreign nations." At that time St. Helens was a great rendezvous for 
foreign ships, which lay there waiting for favourable winds, or to take on board 
supplies of fresh water and provisions ; and the crews in most cases being Roman 
Catholics, the dilapidated condition of the church excited their astonishment 
and derisive contempt. Sir James Worsley, the first of the Worsleys of Appul- 
durcombe, and Captain of the Isle of Wight, who died 1538, left by will "to 
Master George Oglander, a silver cup, or 10." 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 167 

cominge home of colcle, which made an ende of him in 
one weeke. 1 He had a blacke nagge that he dearley 
loved, and one daye rydinge through London streetes 
with him cominge home, one offered him 10 for his 
horse, whych he at fyrst did wonder att, butt his answer 
wase, if ye horse wase woorth 10 to him, he wase 
woorth as mutch to himselve; and cominge home he 
told what a greate pryce he wase offered for his horse, 
and none or fewe woold beleeve itt. Tempora mutantur. 
He had a Lanorett that wase bredd in ye White Cliff on 
Bimbrydge, which wase ye best hawke with ye woorst 
lookinge to, that wase in England ; for they nevor tooke 
care of her, but gaue her meate in ye foote, scarce evor 
tyed her, butt lett her scratch for bones with ye dogges ; 
and when they came afeyld they cast her of, and shee woold 
followe ye dogges and kill whatsover did rise, partriche, 
phesant, bitteron, hearon, hare, or conie. 

Tis true my grandfather, George Oglander, wase a 
Cownsellor at Lawe, butt nevor tooke anie fee, but im- 
ploied his skill and labour in makinge peace and unitie 
amongst his countreymen, he beinge olso a Justice of 
Peace. 



1 A brass plate fixed on the east wall of the Oglander Chapel in Brading 
Church has the following inscription: "Heere lyeth interred the body of 
George Oglander, Esq., (and Alice Hamond his wife), who dyed May 26th, 



168 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

THE LIFE AND DEATH OF SIR WDLLIAM OGLANDER. 

He wase borne at Nunwell abowght ye yeare of owre 
Lorde 1558 j 1 he wase brought up att schole at Winton 
Colledge; his father dyed abowt ye 15th yeare of his 
adge, and he wase warde to his brother, Mr. Hervie, 
that maryed his halfe sistor, whoe delt verie hardly with 
him ; from Winton he went to Balioll Colledge, Oxforde. 
He wase ye first that had a birdinge and fowlinge peece 
in Oxforde, which exercise of all other he most affected, 
for divors nyghtes when itt wase froste and snowe he 
woolde goe downe to Bradinge Hauen a shootinge, 
where he woolde kill 20 coupell of fowel at a time, and 
wase often in peril! of drowninge in gettinge his ded 
fowle. From Oxforde he came into ye Island where 
Mr. Anthonie Dillington, of Knyghton, invitinge him 
often thithor and usinge of him kindely, he fell in love 
with his eldest dawghtor, Ann Dillington, as handsome a 
mayden as any wase in Hamshyre. His unkell, Mr. 
John Hamond, ofGwilforde, his mother's brother, woold 
haue matched him to his wyfe's dawghtor, which wase 
aftorwardes maryed to Sir Larrance Stoughton, of 
Stoke, near Gwilforde; butt he beinge before in league 
with Mrs. Ann Dillington woold not hearken unto itt; 

1 If Sir W. Oglander was about 65 years old when he died, as stated by Sir 
John towards the conclusion of his memoir of his father, he must have been 
born many years prior to 1558, probably in 1543-44. He was knighted at 
Hampton Court, 1606. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 169 

whereupon Mr. Hammonde's wyfe takinge itt ill that 
her dawghtor wase soe slyghted nevor left ye olde man 
her howsband till he disinheryted Mr. Oglander his 
ryght heyre; for he had no children of his owne, and 
by that misfortune Mr. Oglander lost 600 land a yere. 
Most of itt wase geven to Sir Larrance Stoughton, and 
the rest to Lord Mountague, and soome given to Balioll 
Colledge in Oxforde, and soome spent as a benefactor 
to Gwilforde Schoole, or rathor a principal founder 
thereof ; soome 3 or 4 howses in Gwilforde he gave to- 
wardes ye mayntenance of his toombe, 1 and ye towne 
seriant, which grawnte beinge voide in lawe, I rnyght 
haue recovered, butt beinge defeated of ye rest, I woold 
not medle with that. Butt Mr. Oglander as soone as 
he wase owt of his wardship maryed M 1 ^ Dillington, 
and had not with her aboue 50, for in those tymes 
men maryed moore for loue than money; he lived very 
hapily and contentedly with her at Nunwell, where he 
alwayes kept a hawke ye summer, and used his peece 
ye winter, that browght him in mutch provisions, those 
commodyties beinge then farr more plentifull then 

1 In Trinity Church, Guildford, before the fall of the tower in 1740, was 
an effigy and monument bearing the following inscription : ' ' Heare lyeth the 
body of William Hammond, Esquier, sometime Maior of the Towne of Guilde- 
forde, one of the chief founders of the Free Schoole of the same towne, and a 
liberall benefactor to Bailioll Colledge in Oxforde. The memorie of whose 
good deeds, God graunt may move others to doe the like. He departed out of 
this worlde the 10th of April, 1575." 



170 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

nowe. Hee infynitely loued fowlinge with his gunn at 
ye seae syde, and often killed 40 coupell of fowle in 
a nyght, hee and his man ; he loued hawkynge and 
coursinge, and hadd of both kindes good ; hee wase of 
an extraordinarie spare diott, and in his youth mutch 
given to feavors ; hee wase an excellent provident 
howsband. Butt by reason of ye often trebles be- 
tweene us and Spayne, and shee beinge desiorous to be 
freed from those weekly affryghtes cawsed by often 
allarms, cawsed her howsband to take a howse at 
Hampton, but not likinge lonsre that, they tooke ye 
Abbye of Bewlie and there lived soome sixe yeres, 
where his wyfe dyed to his intolerable sorrowe and 
gryfe; aftor whose death he left Bewlie and went to 
London, and lived there soom to yeres. From thence 
he bowght Barton ferme by Winchester and lived there 
soom sixe yeres, and then he maryed one M 1 "* 8 - Lewk- 
nor, 1 of Westdean in Sussex, and lived there soom sixe 
yeres moore, in which tyme he wase made Hygh Shryfe 
of Hampshyre. The Undershryfe of that countie wase 
one Prichard, lu's servant, at his wyfe's persuasion as 
beinge one of her former servantes ; this villayne deceved 
him, and rann awaye as soone as his yere wase owt, and 



1 Eleanor, daughter of Christopher Browne, of Oxfordshire, and widow of 
Sir Richard Lewknor, Serjeant-at-Law and Recorder of Chichester. He pur- 
chased the Manor of West Dean from Lord Lumley in 1589. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 171 

his sonn, John, wase fayne to undertake ye bwsines and 
to pass ye accompt; this with a longe swyte he had 
with one Sir Owin Oglethorpe, together with some 
other crosses shortened his lyfe ; which with a bledinge 
at nose that followed him, and by no advise coold be 
stoped, ordeverted,hefell into akinde ofdropsey and dyed 
at Westdeane, over ye greate parlor, ye 27th of March, 
1609. 1 He wase a verie good, honest, upryght man, a 
good howsband to his wyfes and children, as provy- 
dinge verie well for them all, he wase a wise man, and 
good scoller. He was buryed in ye sowth chawncell in 
Bradinge Church. His exercises that he loued wase 
shootinge at wildefowle, coursinge, and shootinge at 
deare, and hawkinge with a short winge hawke att par- 
trydge and pheasante; he wase abowt ye adge of 65 
when he dyed; a bettor upryghtor or tenderer con- 
science nevor any Isle of Wyght man hadd; a good 
howsekeper, and charitable to ye poore; a man well 
skilled in howsbandry and hauinge a generoll know- 
ledge in all thinges; very industrious and hatinge lase- 
ness. He wase a spare lene timbered man, soome 5 
foote and a halfe hygh; he wase a goode scoller, and a 
wyse gentleman; he wase longe in ye Commission of 



1 The inscription on his tomb in Bradiug Church is: "Heere lyeth the body 
of William Oglander, Knight, and Ann Dillington, his wife, who dyed the 27th 
of March, 1G08." 



172 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

ye Peace, both for Hampshyre and Sussex, and Hygh 
Shryfe of ye former Ano. Dom. 1607. He hadd not 
mutch hair on his face, he wore his herd spade 1 
faschion. 

THE LIFE OF SIR JOHN OGLANDER, KT., 

WHO CAME TO KEEPE HOWSE ATT NUNWELL ANNO DOM. 
1607, MARCH YE 7TH. 

He wase borne att Eastnunwell, in ye chawmber over 
ye parlour, May ye 12th Ano. Dom. 1585, and wase 
nursed att Bordewood by one Cooke's wyfe in a littel 
tennement of Baronett Worseleyes; he wase browght 
up in his infancie att Bewlie, and aftorwardes putt to 
schoole at Schalflett, in ye Island; from thence to 
Eyngewood in ye Newe fforest, Andover, and Winches- 
ter; from whence he went to Baylioll Colledge in Oxon, 
arid had a grownde chawmber in ye Bach'lor Courte, 
next to a Inne called ye Cateronwheele ; ye chawmber 



1 In the time of Elizabeth and James I. the fashions of wearing the beard 
were extraordinary. The soldier affected one cut, the citizen another, and the 
lawyer and ecclesiastic another, different from both. Taylor, the water poet, 
thus describes the fashions of beards prevalent in his day : 

"Some are cut and pruned like to a thickset hedge ; 
Some like a spade, some like a fork, some square, 
Some round, some mow'd like stubble, some stark bare ; 
Some sharp, stiletto fashion, dagger like, 
That may with whispering, a man's eyes outpike ; 
Some with the hammer cut, or Roman T, 
Their beards extravagant reformed must be. " 

Whip of Pride, 162 L 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 173 

had then a littel garden pulled in before itt; he stayed 
there 3 yeres, and from thence he went to ye Midle 
Temple, and wase chawmber-fellowe to Mr. Whitlocke, 
aftorwardes Judge Wliitlock; 1 there he olso stayed 3 
yeres ; wase Stuard att ye Reader's Feaste, and wase one 
of ye Eevelors. Then, by his kinsman's, Sir Thomas 
Vincente's, meanes, he maryed one (the youngest) of 
Sir George Moore's dawghtors, 2 of Loosely in Surrey; 
and came he and his wyfe, and lived with his father at 
Westdeane in Sussex, (in ryght of Lewkenor's widowe), 
whych Sir William Oglander, his father, had mar- 
yed); and Sir William Oglander beinge made Hygh 
Shryfe of Hampshyre, they went to Winchester, and 
lived there that yere ; and from thence ye nexte yere 
aftorwardes they retourned into Sussex, and lived at 
Westdeane, and Chicester soom 2 yeres, in whych space 
of tyme his father, Sir William, dyed; and then Sir 
John, his sonn, came to Nunwell, and browght his wyfe 



1 James Whitelock, son of a London merchant, Scholar and Fellow of St. 
John's College, Oxford, was called to the Bar in 1600. He was returned as 
Member for Woodstock in 1609, and again in 1614 and 1621. In 1620 he was 
knighted, and made Chief Justice of Chester ; and was appointed a Judge of 
the King's Bench in 1624, which post he held till his death in 1632. His only 
son and successor was the notable Sir Bulstrode Whitelocke, Cromwell's 
Ambassador to Christina, Queen of Sweden, and author of the well known 
"Memorials." 

2 Frances ; her mother was Ann, daughter and co-heir of Sir Adrian Poyn- 
ings, Kt., Governor of Portsmouth in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. 



174 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

and 2 sistors unmaryed, Mary and Jane, 1 and his 
brother, and came and lived there, and bwylt ye howse. 
This wase ye 7th of March, 1607; ye Midsomer follow- 
ynge his wyfe wase browght abed of theyre eldest sonn, 
George. 2 There beinge then but one Justice in ye 
Island, he wase putt into ye Commission of ye Peace 
without his knowledge att 23 yeres of adge. After 3 
my father's deth, who dyed att Westdeane in Sussex, as 
hauinge there maryed Lewkenor's widowe, I came to 
live in ye Island, and bwylt moost part of ye howse. I 
wase putt into ye Commission of ye Peace att ye adge 
of 22 yeres, when I not well understoode myselve, or 
place, and wase aschamed to sitt on ye Bench, as not 
hauinge then any hayre on my face, and less wit. Att 
theyre fyrst cominge to Nunwell, both he and his wyfe 
weare infinitelie trobled with sicknes. He wase to haue 
been Knyghted when his fathor was, but missinge of itt 
becawse his Ma tie refused to Knyght fathor and sonn 
togeather: he refused itt untill manie of his inferiors 
weare Knyghted before him. (Sir 4 John Oglander 
myght haue bene Knyghted before all the gentlemen of 



1 Mary, afterwards the wife of Thomas Kemp, of Beaulieu, Hants. Jane 
afterwards married to Germain Richards, of Portsmouth, son of Edward 
Richards, Esq., of Yaverland, High Sheriff of Hants 1616. 

2 Died at Caen in July, 1632, aged 23 years. 

3 From another place in the MSS. 

4 From another place in the MSS. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 175 

ye Island; and owt of to mutch nicenes as his fathor 
beinge then livinge refused itt; and aftorwardes when 
Sir Bowyer Woorseley and soom others weare Knyghted 
he woold not bee; but by perswation of his fathor-in- 
lawe, whoe wase then Liftennant of ye Tower, att last 1 
took itt; whych is ye true reason that soe manie steped 
before him.) He wase Liftennant Governor of Fortes- 
mouth, 2 under Will' Earl of Pembrooke, where he 
lived ye winter tymes for soom 4 yeres space ; then not 
hauinge his helth theyre, hee sowld itt to Sir Rychard 
Morrison, and came and lived att Nunwell agayne; and 
wase Liftennant of ye Island, and lived soom tymes att 
Chicester, and soomtymes att Nuport. He wase verye 
sickly untill he grewe in yeres towardes 40; in his 
youth mutch trobled with fleame, and infinitelie with 
winde and coler. Winde soe possessed him that hee 
wase seldome well ; olso mutch trobled with a payne 
in his hedd, which woold laste him 2 or 3 dayes; itt 
began in ye forehed, and by degrees woold fall downe 
into ye pole, and soe went awaye ; but when he came 
to 40 yeres that miserable payne left him, and he be- 
gann to be mutch moore healthier in his bodye then 
before. But then another infirmitie came unto him, 
whych wase greate paynes in ye sowles of his feete, 

1 Sir John was knighted at Royaton in 1615. 

2 1620 to 1624. 



176 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

whych hindered him from trauellinge afoote ; but this 
wase only in ye sommer tyme, in wynter mutch bettor. 
He lived att Nunwell in as goode repute and faschion 
as anie man in his tyme ; Sir Eychard Woorseley and 
he weare trewe fryndes, in whose deth he innnitelie 
suffered. He coold endure anythinge save where his 
reputation and credite weare toutched, and nothinge 
moore trobled him then ye unkindenes of his fryndes; 
although he coold master all other passions, this woold 
infinitelie woorke upon him. He wase of a midling 
stature, bigge, but not very fatt ; of a moderate dyott, 
not caringe how littel or coorse, if cleane and hand- 
some ; for his intellectual partes, let his actions judge 
of him. God send ye Island nevor a woorse for his 
paynestakinge to administer justice upryghtly to every 
one ; and for ye apeasinge and endinge of differences 
and debates betweene neyghbor and neyghbor. He 
lived att a greate rate of expense in his howsekepinge. 
for he alwaies kept 3 servinge men and a footbwoye, 
besydes retainors ; alwaies his coache well horsed, (his 
coache wase ye second that evor wase in ye Island) ; he 
spent usuolly 800 everye year, soe that he coold not 
lay up mutch. Of all vices he hated drunkenes ; it he 
woold play ye good fellowe, and woold not mutch re- 
frayne from drinkinge 2 or 3 healthes. 

I doe asure myselve that my wyfe and I lived att 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 177 

Nunwell for ye space of 15 yeres (had itt not bene 
interlaced with sicknes) ; as hapilye, for owre estate as 
well and plentifulie, and in as good repute and faschion 
as anie coold or woold deserue ; but true contente thou 
must not expect in this woordle. 



In the Introduction Sir John Oglander is stated to 
have filled the office of Sheriff for Hants in the year 
1637, but it was mainly during the following year that 
he occupied that unenviable position. His duties were 
onerous and disagreeable, his countrymen poor, and 
reluctant to pay their assessment of slu'p money; and 
the Sheriff was placed at a further disadvantage by his 
residence being in the Island. In the State Paper Office 
are several of his letters written during this period, in 
which he excuses himself to the Council for his inabi- 
lity to fully execute their commands, though doing his 
utmost in the King's service. Writing to Secretary 
Nicholas in March, 1637-8, he says his cares and 
pains have been equal, and more (by reason of his 
dwelling being in the Island) than any Sheriff's; and 
that he had so ventured his person because he would 
not disappoint the country about the service, that be- 
yond expectation he had twice narrowly escaped ship- 



178 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

wreck. "Moneys" in his district rose "far more 
heavier/' and were "more hardlier to be gathered than 
that of Sussex." All along the sea coast, from Emsworth 
to Chichester, the inhabitants, mostly fishermen, were 
so poor that they were unable to pay the tax, and most 
of them had nothing whereon to distrain. Yet he would 
endeavour to overcome these difficulties. In April of 
the same year he was directed by the Council to free 
Winchester of 20 of the 170 ship money at which 
the city had been rated. In his answer to this, Sir John 
states that after the general assessments for the county 
had been made, and above 5000 collected and paid 
in to Sir William Russell, of which Winchester and 
some other corporations had not paid a penny, but 
pleaded poverty; it would be most difficult and almost 
impossible for him, living in an island, to manage the 
business, so he begged the matter might be allowed to 
stand over for that year. He hoped the Council would 
not think it fit for him to pay any part of it out of his 
own purse; and if the city was poor, the Mayor was 
better able to bear the loss than the Sheriff. In a sub- 
sequent letter he informs Nicholas that he had paid in 
5600 as ship money from the county, but could not 
procure one penny from Winchester, although he had 
appointed them three several days. Though he had 
paid in more money than any of his predecessors, yet 



THE OGLANDEU MEMOIRS. 179 

the total loss would be much; for many of the tax- 
payers had run away, others grown poor, and others 
rated for coppices, on all of whom no distress could be 
levied ; and if the sum due from Winchester should be 
abated, it would be impossible to make up the 6000 
at which the county had been assessed. Winchester 
had been originally rated at 190, which had been 
reduced to 170, and the citizens evidently held out 
and deferred payment as long as possible, in hope of 
obtaining a further reduction. Towards the close of 
the year, Winchester was returned as still owing 20, 
Andover 8, and Southampton 40. Vide Introduc- 
tion, xxii. 



[180] 



A SORVEY TAKEN BY SlR JOHN OGLANDER, KNYGHT, OF 
ALL YE CHURCHES AND CHAPPELLS WITHIN YE ISLE OF 
WYGHT; TOGETHOR WITH ALL YE AWNTIENT MONU- 
MENTS THEREIN ; AND BY CEBTAINE TRADITIONS AND 

WlLLS OF YE DECEASED, AND YE LIKE EVIDENCES, 
WHAT KNYGHTES AND GENTLEMEN HATH BENE BURYED 
THEREIN, WHOSE MONUMENTS ARE NOW DEMOLISCHED. 
APRIL, 1632. 

BRERDINGE ALIAS BRADINGE. 

This church is ye awntientest in owre Island, when 
and by whom it wase fownded it doth not apeare, 1 or 
any certayne recordes y* evor I cowld see. 

The chawncell wase bwylded in Edward ye 1st time, 
ye sowth isle was bwylded by ye Oglanders. The 



1 On the first leaf of the oldest volume of the Parish Registers of Brad ing 
is an entry made by Sir J. Oglander, stating that the church was built by 
Wilfrid, Bishop of Chichester, in the year A. D. 704. As there were no Bishops 
of Chichester till the removal of the See of Selsey to Chichester in 1075, and 
Wilfrid's connection with Sussex ended about 686, on his restoration to his See 
at York, this statement is of no value nor authority. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 181 

chawncell by ye Abbott of Bremor, whoe wase parsone 
of ye p'risch, or ye middle isle. The north isle by ye 
P'risch and ye Hollises, who gave ye inoyety with ye 
P'risch towardes ye bwyldinge of it. 

Toombes in this church or other markes of antiquitie 
there are not manye. There be two of ye Oglanders, 
John and Oliver; butt there lyeth in ye church and 
sowth chawncell many score of ye Oglanders, men, 
women, and children, for that famely hath continued 
in Bradinge p'risch from this yere of owre Lord 1633, 
566 yeares; and I wish they may continue theyre as 
longe as ther shall be a p'rische. There is a fayre 1 
stone in ye chawncell with ye portraiture of a sowldior 
on it, with this inscription abowt it: "Hie jacet nobilis 
vir, Johannes Cherowin Armiger, dum vivebat Con- 
stabularius Castri de Porchester; qui obiit Anno 
Domini, Milesimo quadringesimo quadrigesimo primo, 
die ultima Mensis Octobris; Anima ejus requiescat in 
pace Amen." 

Then in ye north isle there are too toombes, one of 
ye Hollis and his wyfe, with this inscription. The 
toombe next to ye midle chawncell hath as followeth: 

1 A fine specimen of one of the few incised slabs to be found in England. 
The effigy is surrounded by figures of the Apostles in canopied niches, but the 
matrices only of the head and hands remain. According to local tradition the 
missing parts were made of silver, which may account for their disappearance. 
This slab haa been described in Boutell's "Monumental Brasses." 



182 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

"Jesus haue mercie on William Hawly's sowle, Anno. 
1500," and on ye toombe on ye north walle is written 
"Helizabeth his wyfe." These be all ye monumentes 
in Bradinge Church yt are now extant. There haue 
bene manye woorthye noble gentlemen buryed in this 
church that have not any monument now left videlicet 
The Eussells, of Yaverland The Glamorgans, of 
Woolverton in Binbridge The Hackettes The Fit- 
chetts, a very awntient famely The Landgardes. of 
Langarde The Alverstones, of Alverstone. 

Of Late Dayes. 

The Squires, manye of them. Many of ye Denys's, 
Sir Edward Dennys, his lady, a very handsom younge 
woman, she lyeth in ye lower parte of ye midle chawn- 
cell. Mr. German Eychardes; Mrs. Mary Eychardes' 
dawghtor, a handsom younge virgin. Sir John Eych- 
ardes, and his fyrst wyfe, Grace, ye dawghtor of Sir 
John Leygh. The Knyghtes of Landgarde, and many 
others, where one daye I hope I myselve shall be nom- 
bred amongst them, my bodye beinge partenors with 
them in ye church, and my sowle in heaven. 

YAVERLAND. 

They buryed theyre (Brading), it beinge butt a 
chapell errected in Edward ye 1st his reygne, by con- 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 183 

sent of ye Bischop the Abbott of Bremore, and Sir 
John Kussell, Honnor of Yaverland; for his ease, his ser- 
vantes and tennantes. One of ye objections wase that 
all ye winter they cowld not come to Bradinge Church, 
except they went abowt by Sandam, 2 myles, for then 
ye cawseway at Yarb ridge wase not made ; they alwayes 
buryed at Bradinge, and received ye communion there. 
At Christmass and Eastor ye P'son of Yaverland wase 
inioyned to come with his whole p'risch, and to adminis- 
ter ye cupp; he wase to reade ye fyrst lesson, to fynde 
2 loade of strawe yerely to laye in ye seates, 61b. of 
candels, and 10s. yerely in moneyes, and to acknow- 
ledge Bradinge for theyre mother church. 

SHANKELYNGE. 

Shankelynge hath olso no buryinge place, but only 
at Bradinge, beinge as Yaverland is, a member of 
Bradinge, whoe is mother church to them both. 

[Here Sir John gives a translation of the agreement in 
Latin, made under the authority of Cardinal Beaufort, 
Bishop of Winchester, between Simon of Beverley, Parson 
of Bradinge, and Geoffrey of the Isle (de Insida), and 
William Stower, concerning the establishment and endow- 
ment of a Chapel at Shanklin, acknowledging and oicniug 
fealty to Brading as the Mother Church. The agreement 
is signed by Ralph, Archdeacon of Winton ; Roger, 



184 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Archdeacon of Surrey ; Robert de Lyra ; William Russell ; 
and Ralph Beamed] 

GODSHJLL. 

The church wase bwylt in ye rayne of King Edward 
the Confessor, and aftor ye Conquest wase giuen by 
William Fitz Osberon to ye Abbie of Lyra. 

Iii the sowth isle next belowe the chawncell are two 
fayre stones under whom are buryed the bodies of the 
Fryes, in ye stones are pictores of brasse, but the in- 
scriptions are stolen awaie. In the sowth chawncell, 
on a fayre stone, is this inscription: "Hie jacet Joh'es 
Frye, films Eic. Frye et Margarite uxoris suae, qui obiit 
11 die Januar. Anno Dom. 1512. Cujus animae pro- 
pitietur Deus. Amen." 

These Fryes weare an awntient famely, and ffermers 
of Apledorcombe aftor itt wase taken awaie from the 
Abbey of Montes Burgy in ffrance. 

In the sowth crosse is buryed one of the Hacketts, 
with this inscription: "Pray for the Soule of William 
Hackett, Esq., on whose Soule Jhesus haue mercie. 
Amen." 

In this ile the owners of Apledorcombe weare 
buryed, as being partlie fownded by the Priors therof. 
Where one Prior is buryed his portraicture on brasse is 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 185 

on a stone. Betweene the two chawncells there is a 
very fayre toombe, in which is buryed Sir John Leygh 
and Mary, his wyfe, the dawghtor and hey re of John 
Hackett, Esq. Itt is the fayrest toombe in owre Island, 
on which toombe the sayde Mary, wyfe of Sir John 
Leygh, lyeth in her coate armoure, embellished with 
Hackett's armes, her father, and Leygh's, her hows- 
bande. In the north chawncell in ye north syde of the 
wall is the toombe of Sir James Woorseley without 
aide inscription, onlie he is theyre pictured kneelinge, 
erected by his wyfe. Under a fayre stone a littel 
belowe in the same ile lyeth buryed the Ladie Woorse- 
ley, 1 the widdowe of Sir James, who dyed a verie olde 
woman. There weare her armes and an inscription on 
brasse on her toombe, but no we defaced. In ye sowth 
wall of the sowth chawncell is the toombe of Rychard 
Woorsley, 2 sonn and heyre of Sir James. 

In the north chawncell are manie fayre stones that 
heretofore haue hadd portraictures and inscriptions on 
them in brasse, under whom are interred the bodies of 
the De Heynoes, 3 who weare Lords of Stenburie and 

1 She died in 1557, having survived her husband nearly twenty years. 

2 Died 1565, and among other bequests, left to the Vicar of Godshill 10, 
to the schoolmaster of the same place 5, and to Mr. Travass, for a sermon at 
his funeral, 10. 

3 Thomas de Haynoe, of Stenbury, the last of that family, died in the latter 
part of the XV. century, leaving a daughter, Mary, who married William 
Pouude. 



186 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

Whit well, an awntient famelye, manie of them weare 
Knyghtes of good accompte, for all Whitwell buryed 
in Godshill Church till Queene Elizabeth's reygne, at 
what tyme they had libertye to burye theare. 

Alsoe in this church lyeth buryed manye of the De 
Awlas, or Halles, menn of good ranke and quallitie, 
manie of them Knyghtes; but of them, and manie 
moore that haue bene buryed, there nowe appeareth 
noe marke of antiquitie. In the sowth chawncell, 
abowte the middest, lyeth the bodie of John Woorseley 1 
coffined in leade, who dyed in London; next to him 
lyeth the bodie of his soun, Mr. Thomas Woorseley, 2 a 
braue schollar, and a plaine but woorthie gentleman, 
and a most plentifull howsekeper. Next to him, in the 
same chawncell, lyeth the bodie of his sonn and heyre, 
Sir Eychard Woorsley, Knyght and Baronnett, a man 
of woorth, learninge, and judgement. He dyed of ye 
smale poxe in ye 32nd yere of his adge, 1620 or there- 
abowghts. Next to him, just by the syde of Sir John 
Leygh's toombe, lyeth the bodie of Ann Woorsley, 



1 Died 1580, leaving, among other bequests, 40s. to Anthonye Byrteswell, 
schoolmaster of Godshill, and his plain gold chain to his sister-in-law, Ursula 
Walsingham. 

2 Died 1604, leaving by will 12d. to the Mother Church of Winchester, 
and 100 to the poor of Godshill. He also bequeathed to his cousins, Bowyer 
Worsley, of Ashey, Jane Baskett, Bartholomew Meux, and William White, 
40s. each to buy a ring ; to Mr. John Lorde, Parson of Niton, 3 for a ring, 
and a rent charge of 5 to found a lecture at Newport, 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 187 

dawghtor of Sir Eychard Woorsley, and wyfe to one 
Sir John Leygh. Shee wase one of the handsomest 
women that euer the Island bredd. Nearer to Mr. 
Ky chard Woorsley 's toomb lyeth the bodie of Mr. 
Thomas Woorsley 's wyfe, whoe was maryed to one 
Sir Eychard White, a sowldior, and follower of Henry 
Earle of Sowthampton. Shee wase Mr. Sinjohn's 
dawghtor, of ffarley, in Hampshyre. 

ST. HELLENS. 

This church wase fyrst bwylt by Hildila, yt wase Chap- 
leyne to Sanctus Wilfrydus, then Bischop of Chitches- 
tor; he placed it next to ye open seae at ye east poynt 
that he might ye oftenor behold Chitchestor, ye place 
of his birth, and goe with more ease by boate thethor; 
he was buryed in his owne church. . . . Wilfryde 
wase ye fyrst in these parts that taught men to catch 
fish, both with hookes and nettes. In Henry ye Fyrst's 
time we finde ye church wase mutch augmented, and a 
Priorye there errected next to ye church dedicated to 
St. Hellen. ... On ye dissolution it wase given to 
Eaton Colledge, neare Windsore, whoe still enioyeth itt; 
and accordiuge to ye dedication, ye place hath altored 
his name. Monumentes in this church there none nowe 
extant; in Edward ye Sixth liis reygne ye north isle of 
the church wase taken downe; what monunientes there 



188 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

weare, or what demolisched at ye suppression, is now 
uncertayne; owt of question there weare monumentes 
of divors Pryors and Mounkes; and of ye Sancta 
Hellena, a worshipful famely in that p'risch, and olso 
of ye Lords of Nettlestone and Troublefyld. Nowe 
only Mr. John Hopkins that I knowe lyeth there, a fine 
scollard, and a fine gentleman ; brother to Sir William. 

BINSTEEDE. 

This church wase founded in the reygne of Henry ye 
Seconde by ye Abbott of Quarr, becawse he woold not 
haue all his tennantes and ye inhabitantes of Binsteede 
come to trouble ye Abbeye church. By reason of ye 
propinquitie of ye Abbeye, Binsteede wase then very 
populous, and a great many servantes of all kindes then 
dwellinge at Nunam. They tooke order that a mounke 
of theyre owne showld every Sondaye discharge ye 
cure ; butt since ye disolution of ye sayd Abbeye, itt is 
made a smalle parsonage, presentation beinge in ye 
Bischopes gwyft. Monumentes there are noone, nor 
evor I suppose weare, no man of quallitie evor livinge 
there. I wase once there at ye burioll of one Captayne 
John Gibbons (my goode frynde), whoe comminge from 
ye north-west passage, beinge im ployed thethor for ye 
discoverie of that passage by Prince Henry, sonn of 
Kinge James, whoe comminge home dyed at Eide, and 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 189 

gaue me his journal for a legacy. He was a very scilful 
navigator, and one of ye sixte maystors of England ; he 
wase buryed in ye midle of ye chawncell. This p'risch 
assumed aftor ye disolution of ye Abbeye, all ye 
priviledges thereunto belonginge; as maryinge without 
lycense, provinge of willes, and all thinges that ye 
Abbott in former times cowld doo; whereupon ye 
parsons for longe time aftorwardes weare called 
Bischoppes of Binsteede. But that power as it wase 
butt usurped, so it wase taken from them when Bilson 
and Andrewes 1 weare Bischoppes of Winchester. 

WHIPPINGAME. 

In this church there is no monument, nor any man 
of quallitie buryed there, in remembrance of any man; 
only excepted ye parsons, and one Mr. Sommers, some- 
tyme Captayne of Cows Castell; he lived to be a 
hundred yeares owlde. 

ST. LAWRANCE. 

This is a verye smale church, under ye cliffes, at ye 
sowth-east parte of owre Island, commonly called Undor 
Wathe. In which ar no monumentes, neythor of late 
any man of quallitie there buryed. Not farr from 

1 Bibon 1597-1617. Andrevea 16181628. 



190 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

thence to ye sowthward, on a peece of land nowe Sir 
John Dinglie's, there appeareth ye ruynes of an other 
chappell 1 , but what itt wase is nowe utterly e unknowne. 
Only ye tennant to ye land informed me that soometimes 
they tyed beast there, and ye beastes so tyed woulde 
swet and eate no meate as longe as they weare soe 
tyed; which is strange if true, and must proceed from 
some naturoll cawse as it undiscovered. 

NYTON. 

This church hath no monument now extant in itt, 
only in ye waynscote in ye sowth chawncell there are 
3 coates, which I conceive to be eythor of ye Bew- 
chawmpes, Cawnes, or Halles, for these weare the awn- 
tientest famelys that lived there; and divors of them 
there buryed. Too places it retaynes ye names of those 
awntient famelyes Videl. Cawnes Court and Bew- 
champes. In ye church yarde there is a crosse with 
steps to ascende to it ; ye base and toppe thereof beinge 
of stone, very awntient. There wase a fisch markett 
there, kept every Wendesday and Frydaye. There is 

1 This building, of which an ivy-covered gable is now the principal re- 
mains, was never intended for a chapel. It was probably built by John de 
Wolverton in the reign of Edward I. for his manor house, and its ruins are an 
interesting specimen of the domestic architecture of the XIII. century. It 
was only two stories in height, and the lower was probably used as store 
rooms. In the remaining gable is a good example of an Early English window, 
which lighted the upper story. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 191 

olso in ye sayd churchyarde a toombe, whereon there 
wase, owt of question, a statua placed; ye effigies of 
his swerd playnely it thereon to be sene. This person- 
age wase in ye gwyfte of ye Crown, but in ye 2nd of 
Kinge Charles's reygne it wase with others altered and 
impropriated to Queene's Colledge 1 in Oxforde; at ye 
swyte of ye Queene, solicited thereunto by one Potter, 
her Confessor, a Jesuite, drawen to make ye swyte by 
his mistress ye Queene, by ye instigation of Doctor 
Potter, hedd of ye sayd Queene's Colledge. 

ARRETON. 

This church did belonge to ye Abbeye of Quarr, but 
since ye disolution one John Milles bovvght of Henry ye 
8th both Quarr, Comley, ye awntient seate, and Hazeley 
ye Graunge. Aftor ye death of George, ye sonn of 
Ry chard, one Sir Ry chard Milles, nephewe to ye sayd 
George, and his heyre, sowld it to Mr. Flemniinge, whoe 



1 According to a MS. in the Ashmolean Museum, the advowsons of the 
Churches of Niton, Whitwell, Carisbrooke, and Godshill, with three others on 
the mainland, were granted by Charles I., November 12, 1626, to Queen's 
College, Oxford, through the intercession of his Queen, Henrietta, and the 
help of the Lord Keeper Coventry, Hay, Earl of Carlisle, and Sir George 
Goring, Vice-Chamberlain to the Queen ; not in exchange for the College plate, 
as stated by Sir Richard Worsley, but as a gift from the Queen to the College 
as its royal patroness. Sixteen years afterwards, in January, 1642, the plate 
of the College was lent to the King, after the rate of 5s. per ounce for white 
and 5s.6d. for gilt, the total amounting to 591 Is. 9d. ; but the loan wag 
never repaid by the borrower. 



192 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

now holds it. Awntient monuments in this church 
there are verie fewe ; there is a fayre toombe at ye upor 
ende of ye north walle of ye sowth chawncell, wherein 
there hath bene ye portraiture of a man and woman 
cutt in brasse, with divors scutcheons, but soom sacre- 
ligious hand hath taken them awaye, and bereft us of 
ye knowledge thereof. But I conceve it wase ye monu- 
ment of one of ye Urryes that dwelt at Stanum for 
under or neyre ye toombe there wase a vault for theyre 
buryinge, which wase filled up with earth not longe 
since. 

At ye upor ende of ye midle ile there is a fayre 
stone in which is wryghten: "Anno Domini August ye 
30th, 1623. Here wase buryed ye body of Margaret 
Mather, wife of Henry Mather, whoe wase buryed at ye 
west end of this stone, April ye 4th, 1628." 

He wase Stuarde or servant to Mr. Thos. Worsleye, 
and to his sonn, Sir Eychard. Under a blew marble 
stone in ye chawncell as you goe up to ye communion 
table lyeth, without any inscription, ye bodye of that 
famous woman, Mrs. - - Milles, wyfe to Mr. George 
Milles, Honnor of Quarr, Comely, and Hazeley. Shee 
wase a Ward, born in Cumberlandshyre, and bowght 
by Eychard Milles, fathor of George ; shee wase hand- 
some and p'sonable, and ye best howsekeper in ye 
Island. Shee lived longe in yeres and in widowehood; 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 193 

shee dyed Anno Doin. 1624. If Sir Edward Horsey 's 
wyfe had dyed before him, he had maryed Mrs. Milles ; 
his wyfe wase a ffrench woman and lived there. 

As you come to goe up to ye communion table, in a 
peece of stone is wryghten: "Mr. Edward ffayrebrace, 
Vicor, 1615. Dec. 17th." On a stone in ye sowth side of 
ye midle chawncell is wryghten: "Here lyeth ye body 
of Thomas 1 Lislie, of Bridlesford, Esq., whoe departed 
December ye 17th, Anno Domini 1621,^)tatis suse 70." 

A stoute gentleman, my good frynd, unkell to Sir 
William. 

On a stone in ye sowth chawncell there is ye picture 
of a man in brasse, 2 with a sworde by his syde, and 3 
woolfes' hedes in a coate, with this inscription: 

"Here is y-buried under this graue 
Harry Hawles his sowle God saue ; 
Longe tyme Stuard of this Yle of Wyght, 
Haue m'cy on hym God ful of myght." 

The Earles of Clare descended owt of this famely. 
On ye sowth walle of ye sowthe chawncell there is a 
monument without any inscription; but not soe owld 

1 Second son of Thomas Lisle, Esq. , of Wootton. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Colnett, of Combley, and left two daughters his heirs. 

2 This brass is still in existence, but the head of the effigy and the shield 
of arms have long since disappeared. The old sexton, whose family from father 
to son has filled that office for the last 300 years, always informs his visitors 
that the missing portions of the brass were taken away by Oliver Cromwell. 

Q 



194 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

but yt soom of theyre sonnes are livinge, whose fathers 
knewe of his burioll. Itt wase one Mr. Eychard Cooke, 
his awntient howse wase in Sussex, a place called Kus- 
sington, but when he dyed he dwelt at Budbrydge, his 
owne inherytance. He wase olso ye fyrst Captayne of 
Sandam Castle, and there had undor his commande 20 
gunnors and sowldiors, and in those dayes the Castles 
had not crept in undor ye commande of ye Captayne 
of ye Island. He wase a braue gentleman, and rode 
alwayes to the church in his foote cloth, 12 sowldiors 
wayghting on him with partisans; he dyed ye 2nd of 
Queene Elizabeth. 

In a brasse table 1 in ye north walle of ye sowth ile 
is wryghten as followeth: 

"Loe here under this toombe incoucht 

Is William Searle by name, 

Who for his deedes of charetie 

Deserveth woorthie fame. 

A man within this parisch borne, 

And in ye howse called Stone ; 

A glass for to beholde a worke 

Hath left to every one. 

For that unto ye people poore 

Of Arreton, he gaue 

An hundred powndes in readie coyne* 

1 This plate has been removed from its original position, and is now fixed 
to one of the pillars of the aisle. 

2 With the proceeds of this bequest, a farm called Garretts, on St. George's 
Down, was purchased, supplying a fund by which the poor of the parish are 
relieved in winter 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 195 

He willed yt they should haue. 
To be ymployed in fittest sorte 
As man coulde best invent, 
For yearely releife to ye poore, 
That was his good intent. 
Thus did this man a batchelor 
Of yeares full fif tie nyne ; 
And doinge good to manie a one 
Soe did he spend his tyine. 
Untill ye day he did decease, 
The fyrst of Februarie, 
And in the yeare of One thousand 
Five hundred nynetie five.' 

On a stone underneath is wrighten: "William Serle, 
1595." 

In ye sowth wall in ye sowth ile is a wryghting of 
Mr. George Serle's, of Stone, who dyed Anno Dora. 
1609: "The rewarde of sinne is death. Everlasting life 
is ye gifte of God through owre Lord and Saviour Jesus 
Christe. Wherefor all ye that loue the Lord doe this; 
hate all things that are evell, for he dothe kepe the 
soules of his from such as woold them spill. George 
Serle." 

In ye wall olso of ye sowth chawncell is wryghten : 
"November 10, 1628. Here wase buryed the bodye of 
Edward Herbert, of Birchmore, whoe dyed in ye Lord, 
Nov. 9th." 

In ye north syde of ye chawncell, in ye Litton syde, 

Q2 



196 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

is wryghten in brasse: "Here in this toombe lyeth 
buryed ye bodye of William Colnett, of Comely, Gent., 
whoe departed tliis lyfe ye fyrst of July, in ye yeare of 
our Lorde God 1594, Etatis suae 69." 

Here lyeth divors that haue dyed within ye memory 
of man without any monument. 

BONCHURCH. 

This church wase erected in ye reygne of William ye 
Conqueror by one Johannes de Argentine, a french- 
man, to whom William Fitzosberon, aftor ye conquest 
of this Island, by permission of his kinsman, William ye 
Fyrst, gaue to ye sayd Argentine all those landes in 
ye sayd p'risch, whoe for ye ease both of himselve and 
tennantes, Bradinge then beinge too farr, and olso 
Nuchurch, and Shanklinge then not bwylt, got itt to be 
made a p'risch by meanes of his brother's sonn, Walke- 
lyn, 1 then Bischop of Winton. 

Saynt Uries at Bindbridge (a chappell now decayed) 
wase founded by ye Lordes of Woolverton and Milton, 
for theyre ease and theyre tennantes, for in those tymes 
ye Cawsey at Yarbridge wase not errected; so they 
weare fayne to goe abowt by Sandam to come to 
Bradinge. The ruines still remayneth, but I conceive 
they buryed at Bradinge. 

1 Biahop of Winchester, 10701098. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 197 

WODDITON (WOOTTON). 

This church was bwylt by Walter de Insula in ye 
fyrst yere of William ye 2nd, Anno Dom. 1087, accord- 
inge to an owld recorde that I haue sene. When he or 
his father had seated themselves at Wodditon they 
bwylte this church for ease of themselves, fameley and 
tennantes, and endowed itt ; for before itt belonged to ye 
p'risch of Whippinghame. But that church which wase 
fyrst bwylt wase by casualtie of fyor, togeathor with ye 
dwellingehowse, burned in Henry ye 4th his reygne, 
abowt ye yeare of owre Lord 1410. Since ye bwyld- 
inge of ye newe church I fynd no monumentes there, 
although I haue knowen manye buryed there, but ye 
awntient Lyslyes buryed at theyre church at Thruxton, 
in Hampshyre, where be manye of theyre monumentes. 

QUARR ABBY, ALIAS QUARRARA. 

Baldwins, ye sonn of Rychard Rivors, whoe wase 
Earle of Devonshyre and Lord of the Isle of Wyght, 
fownded this Abbeye, and had fully finisched it, and 
had ye greate church consecrated by Henry de Bloys, 
Bischop of Win ton; and made a greate and solemn 
feast theyre for ye whole Island, for ye finischinge of so 
good a woorke, wherein every inhabitant in this Island 
wase in somethinge or other a helpor and furtheror of 
ye sayde woorke, on ye fyrst day of June, 1150. The 



198 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

sayde Baldwyne de Eivors, beinge banisched England 
by Kinge Stephen for fortifiinge ye Cytye of Exetor 
agaynst him, and for takinge part with Maude, ye 
Erapresse, in his banischment made a vowe that if he 
retourned with health and restored to his former for- 
tunes, he woold bwyld a religious howse for God's 
service, and the health of his owne sowle, Adeliza, his 
wyfe's, and Eychard, his father. He browght owt of 
ye Lowe Counterye one John le meminge, a good Free 
Mason, whome he imployed abowt ye mason woorke 
for ye bwyldinge of Quarr. Evor since as poore men 
ye name hath continued le ffleminge, and now one 
derived from him hath honnor of his awncestor's bwyld- 
ings ; but li ttle did Eivors imagine this when he brought 
him owt of Germanic. This Baldwyne dyed in ye Isle 
of Wyght in ye yere of our Lord 1155, and wase ye 
fyrst that wase buryed in his greate church at Quarr, 
where his funerol wase solemnized by procession of ye 
Abbot and Monkes; all ye gentlemen of ye Island 
attendinge on ye corpes. Eychard, his sonn, erected 
a stateley toombe for him in ye church next to ye 
hygh altor, and gaue olso land to ye sayd church 
to praye for his sowle, his father's, mother's, and 
grandfather's. But sutch are ye ruins of time, that 
there now liveth not anye yt can tell where ye Church 
of Quarr stood. At my fyrst cominge to inhabit in 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 199 

this Island Anno 1607, I went to Quarr, and inquyred 
of divors owld men where ye greate church stood. 
Theyre wase but one, Father Pennie, a verye owld man, 
coold give me anye satisfaction ; he told me he had bene 
often in ye church when itt wase standinge, and told me 
what a goodly church itt wase ; and further sayd that 
itt stoode to ye sowthward of all ye ruins, corne then 
growinge where it stoode. I hired soome to digge to 
see whether I myght finde ye fowndation butt cowld 
not. He told me that itt had a fayre churchyarde, and 
that ye walle to ye northward of ye owtmost sowth 
walle wase but ye owtmost bound of ye churchyarde. 
He then showed me Owre Lady's Chappel to ye east- 
ward, next ye brooke, olso ye Lorde Abbott's howse; 
his kytchen and offices, beinge ye northermost place 
where nowe ye tennant doth live. The common Sellor 
and Buttery wase then livinge, altho' mutch demo- 
lisched, and divors other offices. He cowld not satisfye 
me whoe pulled downe ye sayd church, but I am of 
opinion it wase Mr. Milles, ye fyrst purchaser. This 
wase a verye greate Abbeye both in bwyldinge and 
revenues. Itt had mutcli landes belonginge unto itt 
neare Lymington, in ye Newe Forrest, and divors other 
places. Land in ye Island itt had Hazely, Nunam, 
Arreton, Stapellors, Comely, and I tliinke Apse; the 
Fsonage of Arreton, Newchurche, and Godshill ; and 



200 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

all ye land betweene Binsteed and Wootton Han en. 
The Abbott sate in ye Upper Howse of Parliament, and 
wase honored here in ye Island like a pettie prince; 1 
hapye wase that gentleman that cowld gett his sonn to 
attend upon him. Theyre wase a greate markett kept 
3 dayes in every weeke at ye Crosse Waye, soom 12 
schore yardes from ye howse to ye sowth west ; and most 
of ye gentlemen's yoounger sonnes weare officers to 
ye howse Treasurer, Stuarde, Chefe Butler, Solicitor, 
Eent Gatheror, Courte Keeper, or Baylie Generoll. 
Those places maye nowe be accoumpted meane ; but 
then itt wase accoumpted a greate honor to haue any 
place or awthoritie abowt that howse, and ye best gen- 
tlemen's sonnes in owre Island thought it no disgrace, 
but an honnor to them to serue in those places ; and 
they weare not obtayned withoute greate swyte or long 
attendance on ye Lord Abbott. Now there is nothinge 
left but ruines, except ye seller and butterye, by which 
(as by Hercules foote) a man may judge of ye former 
greatnes. The Abbott's priuate chapel is olso now 



1 The Abbots of Quarr were often joined in commission with the Captains 
of the Island, to order its defences, and to repel invasion. In 1340 the Abbot 
was Warden of the Island, and obtained a licence from Edward III. to fortify 
the Abbey. The ruins of the wall which surrounded the conventual buildings, 
enclosing an area of about forty acres, may still be traced. This wall was loop- 
holed, and the gate facing the sea was guarded with a portcullis. The last 
Abbot was William Ripon, and at the dissolution by Henry VIII. the yearly 
revenue of the Abbey, according to Speed, was 184 Is. lOd. 



THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 201 

standinge. Goodly monuments in ye greate church 
certenly there weare, but those of chyfe note wase 
Baldwyne Bivors, ye fyrst funder; Cicelye, 1 ye second 
dawghtor of Edward ye fourth, whoe maryed for her 
second howsband one Kyme, an Isle of Wyght gentle- 
man, a very proper man. She lived and dyed at East 
Stannum, under St. George's Down, and ye Lord Abbott 
desired that they myght haue ye honnor to haue her 
interred in theyre church, which was p'formed with all 
honnor and state by ye convent and gentery of ye 
whole Island, who attended ye corps from Stannum to 
Quarr, where ye Lord Abbott preached at her funeroll. 
The other of note wase a greate Mownsyor of flrance, 
slayne in owre Island in Eychard ye Secondes reygne. 
Besydes divors Abbotts and of ye gentery not a fewe, 
there lyeth amongst ye reste one of my awncestors, who 
wase theyre Stuard, and there dyed ; but of all this 
there is nothinge nowe to be scene. On ye disolution 
one Mr. Eychard Milles, a merchant of Hampton, 
bought Quarr, Nunam, Hazely, and Comely of Kinge 
Henry ye 8th; and he and his sonn, George Milles, 
sowld ye stones of ye church, and all monumentes to 
anye that woold bwye itt; for ye fyrst thinge they did 
aftor ye pourchase of sutch religious howses wase to 
pull downe ye church and most parte of ye dwellinge 

1 See page 86. 



202 THE OGLANDER MEMOIRS. 

howses. But God giveth not alwayes a blessinge to 
theyre labours. For George Milles dyed without issue, 
and left it to his brother's sonn, one Mr. Eychard Milles, 
whoe sowld itt for a tryfle to Mr. Flemminge, who wase 
aftorwardes Lord Chiefe Justice of ye Kinge's Bench. 
He gaue not for ye whole manner above 3000, ye 
wood beinge woorth as mutch. Sutch is ye unconstan- 
cye of Fortune, which with ye ayde of her servant 
Tyme, pulleth downe greate thinges, and setteth up 
poore thinges. 

That which once ye Abbottes fatte 

And sluggische Mounckes did fede, 

The druncken Flemminges now doth scrape 

With gayne thereof to rayse theyr seed. 



[ 203 ] 



ADDITIONAL NOTES. 



STENBURY page 74. 

Mary, daughter and heir of Thos. Heynoe, of Stenbnry, married William 
Pound, and had issue a son, Anthony Pound, and a daughter, Catherine. 
Anthony had a son, Richard, who left no issue, and two daughters, who were 
co-heirs of their brother. The eldest, Honora, married the Earl of Sussex, and 
the other, Mary, married her cousin, Edward White, of Southwick, Hants. 
The father of Edward White was John White, Esquire of the Body to Henry 
VIII., who at the dissolution of the monasteries obtained a grant of Southwick 
Priory. His second wife was Catherine, daughter of William Pound. 



WOOTTON page 77. 

Sir John Lisle, of Wootton, married Anne, daughter and heir of John 
Botreux, brother of Lord Botreux, and had issue a son, Sir Nicholas, and two 
daughters Alice, who married John Rogers; and Agnes, who married John 
Philpott, of Compton. Sir Nicholas Lisle had a son, Sir John, who was the 
last of the direct line of the family. His wife was Joan, daughter of Courtney 
Earl of Exeter, but he left no surviving issue. His sister, Eleanor Lisle, was 
his heir; she married John Kingston, Esq., of Berks, and had two sons who 
died childless, and an only daughter, Mary, who became the wife of her kins- 
man, Thomas Lisle, afterwards knighted. Mary Lisle died without issue in 
1529, and her two great aunts, Alice Rogers and Agnes Philpott, succeeded as 
heirs general to the entailed estates of the last Sir John Lisle. The lands at 
Wootton were left by the will of Sir John Lisle to Lancelot, brother of Sir 
Thomas Lisle. Lancelot left a son, Thomas, whose son was Anthony, who 
was the father of Sir William Lisle, knighted in 1606, the contemporary of Sir 
John Oglander. One of the sons of Sir William Lisle was John Lisle, the 
regicide, one of Cromwell's peers, who tied from England at the restoration, 
and was assassinated at Lausanne in 1664. Many years afterwards his wife, 
Alice, was convicted at Winchester, by the brutal Judge Jeffreys, of treason, 
for sheltering two fugitives from Sedgemoor, and executed. 



204 ADDITIONAL NOTES. 

LISLE. 

In a note at the foot of page 79 it is stated that in the parish church of 
Thruxton, Hants, is a brass of John, Lord Lisle, who died 1407. Instead of 
this read brass of Sir John Lisle, Lord of Wodditon, I. W. 



ASHEY page 83. 

Thomas Coteile, Esq., High Sheriff for the County of Hants, 163031, was 
the son of Sir Thomas Coteile, Kt. , of London. The family was of Flemish 
extraction, the father of Sir Thomas, Stephen Coteile, being a merchant of 
Antwerp, who settled in London in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. 



SIR GEORGE MORE page 139. 

In the Loseley Chapel in the Church of St. Nicholas, Guildford, the burial 
place of the More family, is a monument in two compartments, with two 
kneeling figures, under which are these inscriptions: 1st "This figure was 
erected in memory of Elizabeth More, Dar. of Sir William More, maried first 
to Richard Foisted, of Albury, Esq. , by whom shee had noe issue ; secondly to 
Sir John Wolleye, Kt. , one of the Secretaries of the Latin tongue to Qn. Eliza- 
beth, and by him had Sir Francis Wolley, Kt. ; and thirdly to Thomas Ld. 
Elsmere, Lord Chauncellor of England, but by him had noe issue." 2nd 
"This figure was erected in memory of Ann, second Dar. of Sir William 
More, who was maried to Sir George Manwaring, of Ightfeild in Shropshire, 
Kt., and by him had Sir Arthur, Sir Henry, Sir Thomas Manwaring, Kts., 
and George Manwaring ; and two Dars. , the eldest maried Sir Richard Baker, 
Kt., and the youngest mar. Sir John Cobet, Kt." 

Page 142. Sir Poynings More represented Haslemere in three parliaments 
of James I. and Charles I., and was returned for Guildford in 1627. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Sir W. Fytche, Kt., and died April, 1649, leaving 
issue two sons. 



[ 205 ] 



EERATUM. 



Page 118. Three lines from foot of the page, for Mr. Roffe read Mr. Rosse, 
and sometime for sometimes. This "Mr. Rosse" was the "Alexander Ross" im- 
mortalized by Butler in his Hudibras. He was a native of Aberdeen, who left 
Scotland for England, and was for many years master of the Free School at 
Southampton. In 1634 he was presented to the Vicarage of Carisbrooke, 
I.W., by Queen's College, Oxford. Probably during his residence at Caris- 
brooke he married, for bis wife was Barbara, daughter of William Bowerman, 
Esq., of Brook, by Barbara, daughter of Thomas Worsley, of Chale. He was 
a voluminous author, and published upwards of thirty volumes, ranging from 
12mo. to folio ; nearly all of which are now fallen into oblivion. He wrote a 
continuation to Sir W. Raleigh's History of the World, but his best known 
works are "A View of all Religions" and "The Muse's Interpreter." During 
the Civil Wars he was ejected from his living, but he eventually found an 
asylum in the house of his friend Anthony Henley, Esq. , of Bramshill, Hants. 
He died at Bramshill in the year 1654, and was buried in the parish church of 
Eversley. 



[206 ] 



INDEX. 



Alton 101 

, Richard de 102 

Alfington 96 and note 
Apse 73 

Arreton Church 191 and note 
Ashey 81 

Attorney, hunted out of the Island 21 
Attorneys, Gosson, Ayres, and Red- 
man 21, 22 

Bad, Emanuel, High Sheriff 24 
, purchased the Priory, St. 

Helens 87 

, epitaph 87, note 

Bands of the Island xvii. 
Bangborne 73 
Barrington, Sir F. 91 

, Sir T. 100, note 

Baskett, Richard 24 

, purchased Apse 73 

Beards, fashions of 172, note 
Binstead Church 188 

, bishops of 189 

Bench urch, church of 196 
Bourley, Marvin 12 
Bowreman, old Mr. 23 

, of Brooke 96 

, Dame Joanna 119 and note 

, W. 157 

Brading Church and its monuments 

180, &c. 

, town of 109 

Haven 112 

, inning of 113, &c., 116, note 



Brett, Sir Alexander 29 

, his regiment in the Island 30 

Bridlesford 80 
Buckingham, Duke of 22 

at Stoke's Bay 25 

on ArretonjDown 32 

, assassination of 42 

insulted by sailors 45 

, gifts of Baronetships 48 

, verses on 49, 50 

, expedition to Rh 120 

Budbridge 88 

Bulkeley, John xvi 

Bull baiting^xi. 

Burroughs, Sir John, slain in the Isle 

of j llhe 15 and note 
, body brought to Portsmouth 15 

Carey's, Sir George, letter to the 

Burgesses of Newtown xiii. 
Carey, Sir George 4 

, his wife 5 

, treatment of an Attorney 26, 27, 

143 
Carisbrooke Castle, Charles I. at 68, 

122 

, repaired 102 

-, Henry VII. at 119 

Carisbrooke, Vicar of 105 

, town of 107 

, Prior of 108 

, ligior book of 118 

Carne's, Col. Thos., letter to Sir J. 

Barrington xxv. 



INDEX. 



207 



Cicely, daughter of Edward IV. 86 and 
note, 201 

Centoners and Hobblers xvi. 

Charles I. in the Island 31 

reviews Brette'a regiment 32 

reviews the Scotch regiment 40 

at Sputhwick 43 

, petition to 52 

at Portsmouth 56 

at Cowes 65 

, his speech at Carisbrooke Castle 

68 

at Newport 70 

at Carisbrooke Castle 122 and 

note 

Cheke, Edward 72 

, Thomas 7 

, sold Mottestone 76 

Clatterford 75 

Colenett, Barnaby 24, 89 and note 

, Edward 90 and note 

Colnett, W. 196 

Conway, Sir K. xiv. 

, Lord, Governor of Island xv. 

, letter of 33, note 

, visits the Island 34 

at Southwick 39 

, life of 157, 160 and notes 

, Governor of Brill 159 and note 

, his reading and handwriting 

160, 161 and note 
, his courtesies 161-2 

run through the body by a mad- 
man 164 

Cooke, R., Captain of Sandham Castle 
63, 88, 194 

Cottele, Thoe. 83 and note, 204, note 

Cottington, Lord 57, note, 58 

, his dog "Captain" 60 

Cowes, growth of 20 

, men of war at 55 

, Charles I. at 65 

Cromwell, Oliver 65, note 

Davenant, Bishop of Salisbury 9 

, his consecration of Yarmouth 

Church 10, 11 
De Aulaa or Hawles 89 
De Bloia, Bishop of Winchester 127 
De George*, Sir Thoe. 83 



De Haynoe, Peter 74 

De Redvers, Baldwin 198 

Dennis, Sir Edward 8, 9, 23, 25, 34, 

39, 54, 79 
Dillington family, the 127 

, arms of 128, note 

Dyllington, Anthony 81 

, purchased Knyghton 84 

, Sir R., his letter to Conway 37, 

note, 65, 67 

, death of 128 

, R, 129 

purchased a baronetship 130 

Dingley, Sir J., his report on the 

Island xii. , 23 
, Justice of the Peace 93 and 

note, 94 
Donne, Dr. 141 and note 

Earlsman, Mr. 24, 94 

, John 104 

East Xunwell 85 
East Standen 85 
Elizabeth, Queen 119 and note 

Felton, John 42, 46, 47 

Fleming, John le 198 

Fleming, Sir Thos. 23, 80 and note, 

103 and note 
Fryer. Col. Thos. .knighted 33,43, 47,58 

Gard family, origin of 131 

, quarrels of 134, 136 

, Richard, his tricks, and epitaph 

132 

, his bequests 133 

, loses his money 134 

, recovers it by help of a witch 135 

, pot of money found 136 

George, Duke of Clarence 99 
Gibb, John 112 

, his white and black horses 124 

Gibbons, Capt. J. 188 

Girling, William 4 

Glamorgan, Sir Robert de 95 and note 

Gleek, game of 41 

Godshill Church and its monuments 

184-7 

Granger, Captain, alarm of 24, 33 
Grove 88 



208 



INDEX. 



Hale 89 and note 

Hammond, Col. 64 and note, 65 

, his speech at Newport 66 

, J., of Guildford 165-6, note 

, his epitaph 167 

Harvey, Mr. John, of Avington 24, 
168 

Hawles, H., brass of 193 

Hazeley and Quarr 80 

Henry VII. 3, 101 

, visit to the Island 1 19 and note 

Henry VIII. 100 

Henry, Lord Stafford 100 

Higham's narrative of the assassina- 
tion of Buckingham 46, 47, note 

Hobson, old Mr. 5, note 

, father and son 24 

Holderness, Earl of 73, 82, and note 

Horsey, Sir Edward, care for hares 4 

with Mrs. Milles 81, 193 

Hygham, Master Gunner at Ports- 
mouth 25 

Isabella de Fortibus, deed of 102 

James I. at Portsmouth 17, note, 112 

at Beaulieu 121 

in the Isle of Wight 121 and note 

, his habit of swearing 123 and 

note 
styled the good man of Balinger 

123 
, his liking for fruit and sweet 

wines 124 and note 
, his sickness and death 126 and 

note 

, story of him and Conway 160 

Justices of the Peace vi. , ix. 

Keene, Richard, married Cicely, 
daughter of Edward IV. 86 and 
note, 201 

Kempe, Toby, clerk to Sir J. Oglan- 
der64 

Kingston 90, 91 

Knighten Court 9 

Knighton, Manor of 81, 83 

Lake, Sir Thos. 129 
Lambe, Dr. 50, note, 112 



Landguard 88 and note, 95 
Laycock Abbey 94 
Legge, Mr. 69 and note 
Leicester, Earl of 138 
Leigh, Barnaby 23, 73, 93 

John, knighted 41, 56, 93 

Sir J., life of 142 

Deputy- Lieutenant of the Island 
143 

his temperance 144 

taken with a palsy 145 

built Northcourt 146 

his epitaph 147, note 
Light Horsemen, list of 27, 28 
Lindsay's, Earl of. voyage to Rochelle 

120 

Lion clawing the friar, sign of 122 
Lisle or Lislie, Sir John 77, 78, 79, and 

notes, 204, note 
Lisle, Thomas 78, 80 
, John 203, note 

Mainwaring, Sir Henry, famous pirate 

15 

, account of 16, 17, 18, note, 33, 58 

Margaret, Countess of Salisbury 99, 

100 

Mascorell, William 95 
Mather, Margaret 192 
Maunsell's, Sir R., voyage to Algiers 

120 and note 
Merston 72 

, Cheke of 76 

Meux, Bartholomew 8 

, Sir John, death of 7, 23, 90, 91 

, Sir William 8, 39, 54, 90, 91 and 

note 
Milles, Mrs. D. 80 

, sojourned Sir E. Horsey 81, 192 

, J. and George 191-2 

, Richard 192, 201-2 

, Richard 80 

Montague, Earl of Salisbury 98 
More, Sir George, life of 137 and note 

, his opinion of James I. 139, note 

, his housekeeping 141 

, Poynings 142 and note, 204, note 

, Sir W. 92, 138, 204, note 

Morton's, Earl of, regiment in the 

Island 36 



INDEX. 



209 



Mottestoue 95 

Mountjoy, Lord, Earl of Newport 13, 14 

Myddelton, Sir Hugh 113 

Newport, charter of xii. 

, Ordinary at 23 

, Lord Conway at 34 

, Lord Weston at 59 

, Charles I., speech of, there 70 

, Commissioners there 70 

Market paved 101 

, men of, servants to Queen Eliza- 
beth 102 and notes 

, schoolmaster of 103 

, Grammar School of 104 and notf 

, old customs of 104, Ac. 

, records of 105-6, note* 

, Mayor's feast 105 

Niton Church 190 

, monuments there 191 

Oglander family, birthplace of xix. 

, Peter de xix. 

, Oliver xx., 85 

, George, xxL, 81 

, life of 165, 166, note 

, his horse and hawke 167 

, Sir J., Sheriff of Hants xxi. 

, letter to John Woreley, of 

Gatcombe ; attention called to his 

conduct in the House of Commons 

xxiv. 

, sent to London by Col. Came 

XXV. 

, account of, in " Mercurius 
Aulicua" xxvi. 
, epitaph of xxvii. 

, his hop garden 16 

, attends Charles I. to Arreton 
Down 32 

, meets Lord Weston at Ports- 
mouth 57 

, at Carisbrooke Castle 69, 72, 86 

, life of 172 

, his marriage 173 

, coming to Nun well 1 74 

, knighted 175 

, Lieut.-Governor of Portsmouth 

175 
, his house-keeping and coach 176 



Oglander, Sir J. , letters of, relating to 

ship-money 177-8 
, his survey of the churches and 

chapels in the Island 180, &c. 

visit to Quarr Abbey 199 

verses by 152, 202 

SirW., life of 168 

his shooting 168-70 

his marriage 169 

his death and character 171 

W., M.P. for Yarmouth xv. 

Orglandes, Marquis d' xix. 
Osberon 75 

Pann 89 and note 

Parkhurst Forest v., xi. 

Parliamentary Commissioners at New- 
port 70 

Pennie, Father, of Quarr 199 

Pole, Sir Geoffrey 101 

, Sir Richard 99, 100 and note 

Popham, Sir Stephen and Sir John 
97 and not". 

Portland, Jerome, Earl of xxiii. 
, drunken freak of, with Col. 
Goring xxiv. 

Portsmouth, James I. at 17 

, Mayor of 26, 33 

, alarm at 26 

, Charles I. at 13, 56 

Potatoes in 1613 v. 

Poynings, Sir A. 137, note, 138 

Prices of corn, 4c. vii., viiL, ix. 

Pryce, Mr. A., of Calbourne, 56 and 
note 

Quarr Abbey, 19, note, 197 

, lands of 199 

, Abbots of 200 and note 

, monuments there 201 

Ratcliff, Earl of Sussex 74 
Roads and highways ix., x. 
Rookley, James 75 

, of Rookley 96 and note 
Ross, Alex. 118, 205, note 
Rowridge 84 
Russell, Sir VV., of Yaverland 89 and 

note 
Rychardes, German 24, 71 



210 



INDEX. 



Shorwell 94 and note 

, parish of 108 

Salute, a dangerous 59 

Sandham Castle, sea gained on 19 

, Lord Weston at 59 

rebuilt 62 

, Richard Cooke, first captain of 

63, 88 

Scotch regiment, disorders of 37 

Searle, W., verses on 194 

, G. 195 

Shalfleet 98 

Shanklin Church 183 

Sidney, Sir P. 138 

Sommers, Captain 189 

Somerset, Carr, Earl of 140 

Southampton, Earl of xiv., 22 

, on St. George's Down 23, 104 

Southwick, Isle of Wight gentlemen 
at 38 

, Charles I. at 43, 44 

Spry's, Sir Henry, regiment in the 
Kland 29 

, death of 29, note 

St. George's Down, company at 23 

St. Helens, Dutch ships at 35, 71 

, priory of 87 

, harbour of 109 

, church of 187 

St. Lawrance, church of 189 

Stag hunted from the New Forest to 
the Island 126 

Stamford hanged 47 

Stockwell, gunner's son at Ports- 
mouth, his sayings to Buckingham 
and Charles I. 12, 13 

, self-styled Earl of Portsmouth 14 

Stenbury 24, 74, 203, note 

Stokes Bay, ships sailing from 31 

Swains ton, manor of 98 and note 

Thelwell, Sir Bevis 54, 58, 112, 115, 

116, note 
Treuchard family 98 and note 

Uggeton 95 and note 
Undercliff, the x. 
Urry, Thos., buried 56 

, David 101 

Urrey, William 85 and note 



Vane, Sir H. 41 

Vere, Sir Francis xxviii. 

Villiers, Earl of Anglesey 22 and note 

Wadham, Sir Nicholas 3 

, sold Alfington 97 and note 

Walsingham, Sir F. 103 and note, 108, 

155 

, Ursula 155 and note 

Wayghtscourt 90 
Warren and Mortimer, Earl of 97 
West Nunwell burnt 86, 87 
Weston, Lord Treasurer 53 and note 
, his visit to the Island 57 et seq. 
, character of by Clarendon 57, 

note 

Whelps, the 58 and note, 60 
White, Sir Richard, 23, 187 
Whipingame 75 
Whippingham Church 189 
Whitelock, Judge 1 73 and note 
Wight, Isle of, population of in the 

XVII. century iv. 
, wages of artizans and labourers 

vi. 

, roads of x. 

, watches and wards kept xvii. 

, late harvest in 19 

, no foxes nor papists in 19 

, decay of 20 

, selling the King's lands in 22 

, Charles I. there 32, 40, 122 

, visit of Lord Conway to 34 

gentlemen of, petition the King 

j Scotch Regiment quartered in 36 
, gentlemen of, before the Council 

52-3 

, poverty in 55 

, smallpox in 54 

, visit of Lord Weston to 58 

, barrows in 118 

, visit of Henry VII. to 1 19 

, James I. at 121 
Wimbledon's, Lord, expedition to 

Cadiz 120 
Winchester 178-9 
Woolverton 75, 92, 95 
Wootton or Woditon 77, 203, note 
Wootton Church 197 



38 



INDEX. 



211 



Worsley, of Ashey 7 

SirBowyer23 

christening of his son 82 and note 

Giles 81 

Sir J. 3, 185 

Ann, death of 151, 186 

Lady F. 116 

her lines on the marriage of Sir 

Chas. fiartlett 153 

, her marriage to Col. Brett 153, 

note 

Worsleys, pedigree of the 153 
Worsley, Sir Richard, life of 14? 

, his marriage 145 and note 

, flinging cushions at Gatcombe 

149 



died of the smallpox 150 

character of 151, 152, 156, 186 

Thos., of Chale 156 and note 

his son, character of 157 

Ursula, married Sir F. Walsing- 

ham 155 

, her petition to Queen Elizabeth 

154, 155, notf, 
Woreley's Tower 53 

Yarmouth, church of, consecrated 9 
Yaverland 71 
Yaverland Church 182-3 
Yonge's Diary, quotation from viii. 

Zouch, Lord 16, 17, note, 



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