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Full text of "Oglethorpe University Bulletin, 1992-1994"

V E R S "^ I T Y 




ATLANTA 



1992-94 BULLETIN 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/oglethorpeuniver9294ogle 




VERS 
ATLANTA 



I T Y 



1992-94 BULLETIN 



Directions for 
Correspondence 



Oglethorpe University, 4484 Peachtree Road, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797 

(404) 261-1441 



General College Policy 

Academic Policy 

Admissions 

Scholarships and Financial Aid 

Development and Fund Raising 

Financial Information 



Housing, Career Planning, and Placement 

Student Records and Transcripts 
Continuing Education and Evening Classes 
Public Information and Public Relations 



Donald S. Stanton 
President 

Anthony S. Caprio 
Provost 

Dennis T. Matthews 
Director of Admissions 

Pamela S. Beaird 

Director of Financial Aid 

Paul L. Dillingham 

Vice President for Development 

John B. Knott, III 

Executive Vice President 

Janice C. Gilmore 

Director of the Business 
Office 

Donald R. Moore 

Vice President for Student 
Affairs 

Paul Stephen Hudson 
Registrar 

John A. Thames 

Dean of Continuing Education 

Kenneth B. Stark, Jr. 
Executive Director of 
University Communications 



Oglethorpe makes no distinction in its admissions policies or procedures on 
grounds of age, sex, religion, race, color, national origin, or physical disability. 

This Bulletin is published by the Office of the Provost, Oglethorpe University. 
The information included in it is accurate for the 1992-94 academic years as of the 
date of publication, April, 1992. The listing of a course or program in this Bulletin 
does not, however, constitute a guarantee or contract that it will be ofTered during 
the 1992-94 academic years. 



Table of Contents 



Institutional Affiliations and Memberships 4 

University Calendar 8 

Tradition, Purpose, and Goals 10 

History 15 

Buildings and Grounds 18 

Admissions 22 

Continuing Education 31 

Financial Assistance 34 

Tuition and Costs 46 

Community Life 51 

Academic Regulations and Policies 61 

Programs of Study 74 

The Core Curriculum 90 

DIVISION I The Humanities 94 

DIVISION II History, Politics, and International Studies 1 1 1 

DIVISION III Science and Mathematics 118 

DIVISION IV Behavioral Sciences 131 

DIVISION V Economics and Business Administration 140 

DIVISION VI Education - Undergraduate and Graduate 151 

Board of Trustees 169 

President's Advisory Council 171 

Alumni Association 173 

The Faculty 174 

Administration 178 

Index 182 

Visitors 

We welcome visitors to the campus throughout the year. Those without ap- 
pointments wall find an administrative office open from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on 
weekdays. In addition, appointments are available on Saturday. 

To be sure of seeing a particular officer, visitors are urged to make an appoint- 
ment in advance. All of the offices of the University can be reached by calling Atlanta 
(404) 261-1441 (switchboard), or (404) 364-8307 (Admissions Office). The Admis- 
sions Office can also be reached by calling (800) 428-4484. 

Accreditation 

Oglethorpe University is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the 
Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award bachelor's degrees and mas- 
ter's degrees. 

The University's undergraduate and graduate teacher education programs are 
approved by the Department of Education of the State of Georgia. 



Institutional Affiliations and Memberships 

American Council on Education 

Association of American Colleges 

Association of Governing Boards 

Association of Private Colleges and Universities in Georgia 

Atlanta Chamber of Commerce 

College Board 

Council for Advancement and Support of Education 

DeKalb Chamber of Commerce 

Georgia Association of Colleges 

Georgia Foundation for Independent Colleges 

National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities 

National Institute of Independent Colleges and Universities 

Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference 

University Center in Georgia 

University members hold affiliations and memberships in the following profes- 
sional organizations: 

Academic Affairs Administrators 

American Accounting Association 

American Agricultural Economics Association 

American Association for the Advancement of Core Curriculum 

American Association for the Advancement of Science 

American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers 

American Association of Physics Teachers 

American Association of Teachers of French 

American Association of University Administrators 

American Association of University Professors 

American Astronomical Society 

American Chemical Society 

American Choral Directors Association 

American College Personnel Association 

American College Unions-International 

Ameiican Economics Association 

American Historical Association 

American Institute of Biological Sciences 

American Institute of Certified Public Accountants 

American Institute of Chemists 

American Library Association 

American Management Association 

American Marketing Association 

American Mathematical Society 

American Museum of Natural History 

American Philosophical Society 

American Physical Society 

American Phytopathological Society 

American Political Science Association 



American Psychological Society 

American Society for Training and Development 

American Sociological Association 

Asian Studies Center of Georgia 

Association for Computing Machiner)' 

Association for Continuing Higher Education 

Association for Student Judicial Affairs 

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development 

Association for the Sociology of Religion 

Association of College and University Housing Officers - International 

Association of Georgia Housing Officers 

Association of Scholars in Georgia 

Association of Third World Studies 

Atlanta Historical Society 

Atlanta History Center 

Atlanta Press Club, Inc. 

College and University Personnel Association 

College Art Association 

College Placement Council 

College Reading Association 

Committee on Women in Asian Studies 

Council of Colleges of Arts and Sciences 

Council of Undergraduate Psychology Programs 

Council of Writing Program Administrators 

Direct Marketing Association 

Economic History Association 

English Speaking Union 

Entomological Society of America 

European Behavioral Pharmacology Society 

European Sleep Research Society 

Financial Executives Institute 

Georgia Academy of Science 

Georgia Adult Education Association 

Georgia Association for Foreign Student Affairs 

Georgia Association of Accounting Instructors 

Georgia Association of College Stores 

Georgia Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers 

Georgia Association of Physical Plant Administrators 

Georgia Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators 

Georgia Chrysanthemum Society 

Georgia College Personnel Association 

Georgia College Placement Association 

Georgia Council International Reading Association 

Georgia Council of Teachers of English 

Georgia Educational Advancement Council 

Georgia Historical Society 

Georgia Honors Council 

Georgia Middle School Association 

Georgia Music Educators Association 



Georgia Philosophical Society 

Georgia Professors of Middle Level Education 

Georgia Professors of Reading 

Georgia Society of Certified Public Accountants 

Georgia Sociological Association 

German Studies Association 

International Federation of Choral Music 

International Reading Association 

International Society for Metaphysics 

International Society of Plant Pathology 

International Time Capsule Society 

Japan-America Society of Georgia 

Kagawa Society 

Mathematical Association of America 

Medieval Academy of America 

Metropolitan Atlanta Council International Reading Association 

Mid-West Sociological Society 

Modern Language Association of America 

National Association for Foreign Student Affairs 

National Association of Advisers for the Health Professions 

National Association of Basketball Coaches 

National Association of College Admission Counselors 

National Association of College and University Business Officers 

National Association of College Auxiliary Services 

National Association of College Stores 

National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics 

National Association of Educational Buyers 

National Association of Recording Arts and Sciences 

National Association of Scholars 

National Association of State Budget Officers 

National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators 

National Association of Student Personnel Administrators 

National Center for Science Education 

National Collegiate Athletic Association 

National Council for the Social Studies 

National Council of Teachers of English 

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics 

National Education Association 

National Reading Conference 

National Science Teachers Association 

National Society for Internships and Experiential Education 

National Society of Fund Raising Executives 

National Systems Programmers Association 

North American Conference on British Studies 

North American Society for Sport History 

North Carolina Writing Project 

North Central Agricultural Economics Association 

Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association 

Northeastern Political Science Association 



Planning History Group 

Progressive Composition Caucus 

Psychonomic Society 

Public Relations Society of America 

Sales and Marketing Executives of Atlanta 

Sigma Xi (Scientific Research) Society 

Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy 

Society for Developmental Biology 

Society for Greek Political Thought 

Society for Human Resource Management 

Society for Neuroscience 

Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Study 

Society for the Scientific Study of Religion 

Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction 

South Atlantic Modern Language Association 

Southeastern Association for College Student Affairs 

Southeastern Association of Housing Officers 

Southeastern Psychological Association 

Southern Agricultural Economics Association 

Southern Association for College Student Affairs 

Southern Association of College Admission Counselors 

Southern Association of College and University Business Officers 

Southern Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators 

Southern College Placement Association 

Southern Economic Association 

Southern Historical Association 

Southern Political Science Association 

Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology 

Southern Sociological Society 

The Federalist Society 

The Tennyson Socie'ty 

Urban History Association 

Wiltshire Record Society 



University Calendar 



Fall Semester, 1992 


Sun 


August 23 


Opening of Residence Halls 


Mon 


August 24 


Orientation and Testing of New Students; 
Registration of Returning Students 


Tue 


August 25 


Registration of New Students 


Wed 


August 26 


First Day of Classes 


Wed 


September 2 


Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 
End of Late Registration 


Mon 


September 7 


Labor Day Holiday 


Fri 


October 16 


Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a Course 
with a "W" Grade 


M-F 


November 9-13 


Pre-Registration for Spring Semester, 1993 


W-S 


November 25-29 


Thanksgiving Holidays 


Mon 


November 30 


Classes Resume 


Mon 


December 7 


Last Day of Classes 


Tue 


December 8 


Reading/Preparation Day 


W-F 


December 9-11 


Final Examinations 


Sat 


December 12 


Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 


M-T 


December 14-15 


Final Examinations 


Spring Semester, 1993 




Sun 


January 10 


Opening of Residence Halls 


Mon 


January 1 1 


Registration 


Tue 


January 12 


First Day of Classes 


Mon 


January 18 


Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday 


Wed 


January 20 


Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 
End of Late Registration 


Fri 


March 5 


Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a Course 
with a "W" Grade 


Sat 


March 13 


Beginning of Spring Vacation (5:00 p.m.) 


S-S 


March 14-21 


Spring Holidays 


Mon 


March 22 


Classes Resume 


M-F 


April 5-9 


Pre-Registration for Summer and Fall 
Semesters, 1993 


Tue 


April 27 


Last Day of Classes 


Wed 


April 28 


Reading/Preparation Day 


Th-F 


April 29-30 


Final Examinations 


Sat 


May 1 


Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 


M-W May 3-5 


Final Examinations 


Sat 


May 8 


Commencement 



Fall Semester, 1993 



Sun August 29 

Mon August 30 

Tue August 31 

Wed September 1 

Mon September 6 

Wed September 8 



Fri 


October 22 


M-F 


November 15-19 


W-S 


November 24-28 


Mon 


November 29 


Mon 


December 13 


Tue 


December 14 


W-F 


December 15--17 


Sat 


December 18 


M-T 


December 20-21 



Opening of Residence Halls 

Orientation and Testing of New Students; 

Registration of Returning Students 
Registration of New Students 
First Day of Classes 
Labor Day Holiday 
Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 

End of Late Registration 
Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a Course 

with a "W" Grade 
Pre-Registration for Spring Semester, 1994 
Thanksgiving Holidays 
Classes Resume 
Last Day of Classes 
Reading/Preparation Day 
Final Examinations 

Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 
Final Examinations 



Spring Semester, 1994 



Sun January 16 
Mon January 17 
Tue January 18 
Wed January 19 
Wed January 26 

Fri March 1 1 

Sat March 19 

S-S March 20-27 

Mon March 28 

M-F April 11-15 

Tue May 3 
Wed May 4 
Th-F May 5-6 
Sat May 7 
M-W May 9-11 
Sat May 14 



Opening of Residence Halls and Orientation 

Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday 

Orientation and Registration 

First Day of Classes 

Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 

End of Late Registration 
Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a Course 

with a "W" Grade 
Beginning of Spring Vacation (5:00 p.m.) 
Spring Holidays 
Classes Resume 
Pre-Registration for Summer and Fall 

Semesters, 1994 
Last Day of Classes 
Reading/Preparation Day 
Final Examinations 

Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 
Final Examinations 
Commencement 



Courses also are offered during summer sessions. For dates and course offerings, 
contact the Registrar's Office. 



Tradition, Purpose 
and Goals 




Tradition, Purpose, and Goals 



1^ 



Oglethorpe derives its institutional purpose from an awareness and apprecia- 
tion of the University's heritage and from an analysis of the needs of contemporary 
society. The goals of the educational program and of other component parts of the 
University are based on this sense of institutional purpose. 



The Oglethorpe Tradition 



Three main ideas or models of what higher education ought to be have shaped 
American colleges and universities. The first is the model of the English college, 
particularly in the form developed at Oxford and Cambridge in the 18th and 19th 
centuries. Most of the older institutions in the United States were patterned on the 
English colleges of that period. Many observers have concluded that this is the finest 
type of collegiate education produced by Western civilization. 

The second idea is that of the German university, especially of the 19th century. 
This model, which has had enormous influence on American universities, stresses 
professional education (as in medicine and law), graduate study leading to the Ph.D. 
degree, and specialized research. The German university idea was imported into 
the United States by Johns Hopkins and other institutions in the last century and 
has left its mark on every college and university in the country. 

The third idea or model is that of the land-grant college, a uniquely American 
institution created by the Morrill Act, passed by Congress in 1862. This model 
emphasizes large-scale technical education and service to agriculture and industry. 
It has contributed especially to education in such fields as engineering and agri- 
culture and has been the foundation on which many of the state universities have 
been built. 

Oglethorpe University identifies itself with the tradition of the English college. 
Established in 1835 and named after General James Edward Oglethorpe, the foun- 
der of Georgia, the University was patterned on Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 
General Oglethorpe's alma mater. It would be overstating the matter to say that 
Oglethorpe University has been untouched by the other two conceptions of higher 
education, but it has certainly been shaped principally by the English tradition of 
collegiate education. 

What are the distinctive features of that tradition? Hundreds of books have 
been written on the subject, perhaps the most influential of which is John Henry 
Newman's The Idea of a University, one of the great educational classics. Briefly stated, 
four characteristics have made this kind of college widely admired: 

1. Colleges in the English tradition emphasize broad education for intelligent 
leadership. They believe that this is a more useful undergraduate education 
for the able young person than technical training for a specific job. 

2. Colleges such as Oglethorpe stress the basic academic competencies — 
reading, writing, speaking, and reasoning — and the fundamental fields of 
knowledge — the arts and sciences. These are essential tools of the educated 
person. 

3. Close relationships between teacher and student are indispensable to this 
type of education. A teacher is much more than a conveyor of information 
— the invention of the printing press made that notion of education obso- 
lete. Rather, the most important function of the teacher is to stimulate 
intellectual activity in the student and to promote his or her development 



II 



as a mature person. Factory-like instruction, conducted in huge classes, is 
the very antithesis of the English tradition. 
4. A collegiate education is far more than a collection of academic courses. It 
is a process of development in which campus leadership opportunities, res- 
idential life, athletics, formal and informal social functions, aesthetic ex- 
periences, and contact with students from other cultures, in addition to 
classroom exercises, all play important roles. Versatility and ability to lead 
are important goals of this type of undergraduate education. 
Two other aspects of Oglethorpe's tradition were contributed by Philip Weltner, 
President of the University from 1944 to 1953. Oglethorpe, he said, should be a 
"small college which is superlatively good." Only at a small college with carefully 
selected students and faculty, he believed, could young persons achieve their fullest 
intellectual development through an intense dialogue with extraordinary teachers. 
Thus, a commitment to limited size and superior performance are important ele- 
ments of the Oglethorpe tradition. 

Purpose: Education for a Changing Society 

While an institution may take pride in a distinguished heritage, it is also es- 
sential that its educational program prepare young people to function effectively in 
our complex and rapidly changing society. What are the requirements of an edu- 
cation intended to inform and enrich lives and careers that will be conducted in the 
remainder of this century and beyond? 

Many commentators on contemporary social conditions and future trends agree 
that the rapidly changing society in which we live places a premium on adaptability. 
Persons in positions of leadership must be able to function effectively in changing 
circumstances. Rigid specialization, with its training in current practice, ill prepares 
the graduate for responsibilities in such a society. The broadly educated person, 
schooled in fundamental principles, is better equipped to exercise leadership in a 
world that is being transformed by high technology and new information. 

Oglethorpe emphasizes the preparation of the humane generalist — the kind 
of leader needed by a complex and changing society. Our purpose is to produce 
graduates who are broadly educated in the fundamental fields of knowledge and 
the basic concepts and principles of their disciplines and who are prepared to ex- 
ercise responsible leadership in public and private life. 

The University limits its educational program to the arts and sciences, business 
administration, and teacher education. It defines its primary role as the conduct of 
a program of undergraduate education for men and women of above-average ability 
and traditional college age. In addition, a master's degree in teacher education and 
programs of continuing education for adults are offered as services to the local 
community. 

Goals 

Educational programs at Oglethorpe seek to produce graduates who display 
abilities, skills, intellectual attitudes, and sensitivities which are related to the Uni- 
versity's purpose. The curriculum is designed to develop the following: 

12 



1. The ability to comprehend English prose at an advanced level. 

2. The ability to convey ideas in writing and in speech — accurately, gram- 
matically, and persuasively. 

3. Skill in reasoning logically about important matters. 

4. An understanding of the values and principles that have shaped Western 
civilization and of the methods employed in historical inquiry. 

5. A knowledge and appreciation of great literature, especially the great lit- 
erature of the English-speaking world. 

6. An appreciation of one or more of the arts and an understanding of artistic 
excellence. 

7. An acquaintance with the methods of inquiry of mathematics and science 
and with the results of the efforts of scientists to understand the physical 
and biological phenomena. 

8. An understanding of the most thoughtful reflections on right and wrong 
and an allegiance to principles of right conduct. 

9. A basic understanding of our economic, political, and social systems and of 
the psychological and sociological influences on human behavior. 

In its dedication to a broad, comprehensive liberal education for each student, 
Oglethorpe has created a common set of core courses that invites students to be 
thoughtful, inquisitive, and reflective about the human condition and the world 
surrounding them. These core courses work together with students' experience in 
advanced courses in their chosen disciplines to encourage the life-long "habit of 
mind" that is extolled in Newman's The Idea of a University. Students are thus urged 
to consider carefully what they see, hear, and read, to examine questions from more 
than one point of view, and to avoid leaping quickly to conclusions. 

The central considerations of the Oglethorpe core curriculum are expressed 
in the form of five questions that have no easy answers: 

1. What are our present ways of understanding ourselves and the universe? 

2. How do these ways of understanding evolve? 

3. How do we deal with conflicts in our ways of understanding? 

4. How do we decide what is of value? 

5. How do we decide how to live our lives? 

The Oglethorpe core curriculum initiates and sustains meaningful discussion 
about matters which are and have been fundamental to understanding the human 
condition and dealing thoughtfully with its ambiguities. The courses in the core 
program present a variety of distinct ways of knowing or understanding ourselves 
and our world. 

As students become actively engaged with faculty in asking and attempting to 
answer the central questions raised by the core courses, they will learn to appreciate 
the life of the mind and to be interested in hearing the variety of voices that have 
addressed these questions. In an effort to ensure that students encounter such 
points of view directly, Oglethorpe's core courses are designed to stimulate intensive 
interaction between faculty and students. 

The core curriculum provides only a beginning for the investigation of signifi- 
cant questions. What students have at the completion of the Oglethorpe core pro- 
gram are not final answers but a multiplicity of ways of knowing and experiencing 
the world. They walL in addition, be prepared to continue this inquiry on their own. 

All undergraduate programs also require the student to develop a deeper grasp 
of one or more fields of knowledge organized coherently as a major. The student's 

13 



major may be pursued in a single field, such as biology, economics, or English, or 
it may cut across two or more traditional fields (as an interdisciplinary or individ- 
ually planned major). 

The curriculum and extracurricular life are structured to engender in students 
the following: 

1. The willingness and ability to assume the responsibilities of leadership in 
public and private life, including skill in organizing the efforts of other 
persons in behalf of worthy causes. 

2. An inclination to continue one's learning after graduation from college and 
skill in the use of books and other intellectual tools for that purpose. 

3. A considered commitment to a set of career and life goals. 

4. An awareness of the increasingly international character of contemporary 
life and skill in interacting with persons of diverse cultural backgrounds. 

The graduate program in teacher education seeks to support elementary and 
middle grades education in the University's neighboring community by providing 
members of the teaching profession with the opportunity to enhance their knowl- 
edge and skills in areas of assessed need. The program enables practicing teachers 
and other students to achieve career advancement by earning the initial graduate 
degree in the field of education. Program graduates are expected to have developed 
and demonstrated: 

1. Familiarity with the scholarly literature in their field of study. 

2. Expertise in appropriate research techniques. 

3. The capacity for sustained study and independent thought. 

The continuing education program enables members of the metropolitan com- 
munity to pursue their educational goals in a variety of programs and courses. 
Baccalaureate courses selected for adult learners from the regular undergraduate 
curriculum are offered in the evening and on weekends. Majors and programs of 
special relevance and interest to those already employed are emphasized to enable 
program graduates to attain advancement in their careers. 

Non-credit courses also are offered in the continuing education program in 
order to provide service to as broad a segment of the community as possible. Courses 
focused on the goals of personal enrichment and professional development are 
offered during evening hours. Career advancement goals may be pursued in the 
non-credit curriculum through a certificate program in management. 

The success of Oglethorpe alumni and students in their subsequent education, 
a wide variety of careers, and community life attests to the soundness of this ap- 
proach to education. 



14 



History 




History 



Oglethorpe University was chartered in 1835 and began classes in 1838 on a 
campus at Midway near Milledgeville, then Georgia's state capital. The new Uni- 
versity commemorated in its name Georgia's founder, General James Edward 
Oglethorpe, who had established the Colony of Georgia some 100 years earlier in 
order to defend British North America and provide a new field of economic oppor- 
tunity for the disadvantaged. Oglethorpe University grew and prospered until 1860, 
when war caused the suspension of instruction. After the war, the institution relo- 
cated to Atlanta, the new state capital. For several years, classes were held in a 
large mansion house on the present site of the Atlanta City Hall. 

The University's 20th-century history began with its re-founding on a new 
suburban campus in 1915 by a group of business and civic leaders led by Dr. Thorn- 
well Jacobs and supported by Oglethorpe alumni. The recipient of a generous grant 
of land on Peachtree Road north of Atlanta, the new Oglethorpe University began 
classes in September, 1916, as an independent non-denominational institution. A 
number of new buildings were constructed in the 1920s in the collegiate Gothic 
style of Oxford's Corpus Christi College, General Oglethorpe's alma mater. Dr. 
Jacobs guided the development of the University as President until his retirement 
in 1944. 

Under Dr. Jacobs' leadership, the University pioneered in several areas, in- 
cluding education for gifted students and graduate education courses for teachers. 
Emphasis was placed on intercollegiate athletics, and Oglethorpe had notable teams 
in football and baseball. The University expanded its program rapidly during the 
1920s and sponsored the first educational radio station. 

Since World War II, and especially during the last decade, Oglethorpe has 
focused its efforts on the development of a rigorous, coherent undergraduate cur- 
riculum in the arts and sciences, business administration, and education that is 
designed for students of above-average ability and motivation. In addition, a grad- 
uate program in teacher education and a variety of continuing education programs 
for adults have been offered as part of the University's outreach to the community. 

The University now draws its student body of 1,100 from a wide geographic 
area. About one-half of its students come from Georgia. Substantial numbers are 
attracted from Florida, the Middle Atlantic States, and the Middle West. In a given 
year, the student body also includes persons from about 25 other countries. Edu- 
cation at Oglethorpe is intended to be a cosmopolitan and broadening experience. 
The University has become increasingly selective in admissions, and most of its 
entering students come from the top 10 percent of high school graduates. 

Special attention has been given to keeping costs of Oglethorpe's educational 
programs within reason, and the University has received national recognition for 
providing high quality educational opportunities at moderate cost. The availability 
of a variety of financial aid programs also helps to ensure that academically able 
students from varying socio-economic backgrounds are able to enroll. 

The University has sought to bring together an outstanding, nationally re- 
cruited faculty, dedicated to excellence in classroom teaching and committed to 
participation in campus life. The leading graduate schools in the country are well 
represented on the Oglethorpe faculty. The student body is one of the ablest in the 
Southeast. 

16 



Looking toward the future, the University will continue to strive to provide an 
excellent academic program, which prepares men and women to exercise leadership 
in their chosen fields and professions and in community affairs. 

The Presidents of the University 

Carlyle Pollock Beman, 1836-1840 

Samuel Kennedy Talmage, 1841-1865 « 

William M. Cunningham, 1869-1870 

David Wills, 1870-1872 

Thornwell Jacobs, 1915-1943 

Philip Weltner, 1944-1953 

James Whitney Bunting, 1953-1955 

Donald Wilson, 1956-1957 

Donald Charles Agnew, 1958-1964 

George Seward, Acting, 1964-1965 

Paul Rensselaer Beall, 1965-1967 

Paul Kenneth Vonk, 1967-1975 

Manning Mason Pattillo, Jr., 1975-1988 

Donald Sheldon Stanton, 1988- 



17 



Buildings and 
Grounds 




Oglethorpe University's facilities are generally accessible to physically impaired 
students. All buildings on campus are equipped with either ramps or ground-floor 
entry. With the exception of Lupton Hall, the primary classroom and office buildings 
have elevators to all floors. Appointments with faculty members or administrators 
with inaccessible offices are scheduled in accessible areas. Only three classrooms 
are not accessible. When appropriate, classes are reassigned so that all classes are 
available to all students. All residence halls include accessible housing space. 

Smoking is prohibited in all campus buildings at Oglethorpe University. This 
includes classrooms, offices, labs, meeting rooms, lounge areas, restrooms, corridors, 
stairwells, the Library, the Field House, the Student Center, and any other interior 
spaces in buildings. An exception to the rule is provided for residents in the privacy 
of their residence hall rooms. 

Lowry Hall - Philip Weltner Library 

The Philip Weltner Library is a newly remodeled and expanded facility which 
includes a formal reading room with an atrium, a glass-enclosed quiet reading room, 
and an after-hours reading room. In addition, there are numerous study rooms and 
carrells, as well as an audio-visual room. The Library of Congress classification is 
used in an open-stack arrangement allowing free access to users on all three floors. 

The collection of over 95,000 volumes includes books, periodicals, and micro- 
forms, as well as audio-visual and machine-readable materials. More than 800 
periodical subscriptions provide a diversified range of current information. 

The library has an on-line catalog and a computerized circulation system to 
aid the library patron. The library is a member of the library consortium of the 
University Center of Georgia. 

The library is open seven days a week during the regular academic year. 



Oglethorpe Museum 



The Oglethorpe Museum, located on the third floor of the Philip Weltner 
Library, will open in the fall of 1992, after extensive renovations. The museum, 
covering 7,000 square feet, has a comfortable environment, created by the intimate 
spaces of two galleries. It is considered an important cultural addition to Atlanta's 
growing art scene, drawing thousands of visitors each year. 

In addition to the permanent collection, three exhibitions are held each year, 
which focus on realistic, historical and/or international images of art. 

The museum sponsors a unique, International Artist-in-Residence program, 
bringing to campus a well-known artist from another country to work in the Faith 
Hall Art Studios and to hold visiting hours for the students and the public. An 
exhibition of the artist-in-residence's work can be viewed. 

The museum is open to the public daily, except Mondays, during the academic 
year. 

The Emerson Student Center 

The Student Center is named in honor of William A. and Jane S. Emerson, 
benefactors of the University. As the hub of campus life, the Emerson Student 
Center houses a lounge, television area, a student-managed club, a physical fitness 



facility, the student post office, the student association office, the newspaper and 
yearbook offices, the cafeteria, the offices of the Dean of Community Life, the 
Director of the Student Center, the Director of Career Planning and Placement, 
the Director of Housing, and the Director of Musical Activities. An outdoor swim- 
ming pool is adjacent to the building. 



Lupton Hall 



Lupton Hall, built in 1920 and named in honor of John Thomas Lupton, was 
one of the three original buildings on the present Oglethorpe University campus. 
It was renovated in 1973 and contains administrative offices and an auditorium with 
seating for 300 persons. The University Business Office is located on the lower level 
of Lupton Hall; the Office of the Provost, the Registrar, and the Admissions Office 
are on the first floor; Offices of the President, Executive Vice President, Develop- 
ment, University Communications, Public Relations, Alumni Affairs, and two lecture 
halls are on the second floor. The Office of Financial Aid, faculty offices and a 
computer laboratory are on the third floor. 

The cast-bell carillon in the Lupton tower has 42 bells which chime the quarter 
hours. 



Phoebe Hearst Hall 



Phoebe Hearst Hall was built in 1915 in the handsome neo-Gothic architecture 
that dominates the Oglethorpe campus. The building is named in honor of Phoebe 
Apperson Hearst, the mother of William Randolph Hearst, Sr. 

It was renovated in the fall of 1972 as a classroom and faculty office building. 
Most classes, with the exception of science and mathematics, are held in this build- 
ing which is located directly across from Lupton Hall. The University Bookstore is 
located on the lower level of the building. 

The dominant feature of the building is the beautiful Great Hall, the site of 
many traditional and historic events at Oglethorpe. Located on the ground floor of 
the building is the much-publicized Crypt of Civilization. The capsule was sealed 
on May 28, 1940, and is not to be opened until May 28, 8113. 



Goslin Hall 



Goslin Hall was completed in 1971 and houses the Division of Science and 
Mathematics. Laboratories for biology, chemistry, and physics, and lecture halls are 
located in the building. Goslin Hall was named in honor of Dr. Roy N. Goslin, the 
late Professor Emeritus of Physics, for his many years of dedicated work for the 
college and the nation. A new physics laboratory, made possible by a grant from 
the Olin Foundation, was opened in 1979. All laboratories were renovated in 1985. 



Traer Hall 



Built in 1969, Traer Hall is a three-story women's residence which houses 168 
students. Construction of the building was made possible through the generosity of 
the late Wayne S. Traer, Oglethorpe University alumnus of the class of 1928. The 
double occupancy rooms, arranged in suites, open onto a central plaza courtyard. 



20 



Goodman Hall 



Goodman Hall was built in 1956 and renovated in 1970, when it was trans- 
formed from a men's into a women's residence hall. The building contains 26 single 
occupancy rooms. 

Upper Residence Hall Complex 

Five residence halls are situated around the upper quadrangle. Constructed in 
1968, these buildings house both men and women. All rooms on the first and second 
floors are suites with private entrances and baths. 



Faith Hall 



The Student Health Center and the Counseling Office are located on the upper 
level of Faith Hall, together with art studios and lecture rooms. The lower level of 
Faith Hall houses the maintenance facility. 



R. E. Dorough Field House 



The Dorough Field House is the site of intercollegiate basketball and volleyball, 
intramural and recreational sports, and large campus gatherings such as concerts 
and commencement exercises. Built in 1960, this structure underwent major ren- 
ovation in 1979. The building is named for the late R. E. Dorough, a former Trustee 
of the University. 



Athletic Facilities 



Intercollegiate soccer and intramural softball are played on the Oglethorpe 
soccer field which is located behind the upper residence hall complex. Intercollegiate 
baseball is played on Anderson Field between Hermance Stadium and Dorough Field 
House. Six tennis courts are adjacent to the field house and below them is a six- 
lane, all-weather reslite track. A student-sponsored physical fitness center is located 
in the Emerson Student Center. 



21 



Admissions 




The admissions policy of Oglethorpe University is based on an individual 
selection process. Throughout its history, Oglethorpe has welcomed students from 
all sections of the country, as well as from abroad, as candidates for degrees. It is 
the policy of the Admissions Committee to select for admission to the University 
applicants who present strong evidence of purpose, maturity, scholastic ability, and 
probable success at Oglethorpe. Applicants wishing to enroll in the evening credit 
program should consult the section on Continuing Education in this Bulletin. 



Freshman Applicants 



Admission to the undergraduate division of the University may be gained by 
presenting evidence of successful completion of secondary school work and by pro- 
viding the results of the College Entrance Examination Board's Scholastic Aptitude 
Test (SAT) or the results of the American College Testing Program Assessment 
(ACT). 

Arrangements to take the SAT or ACT may be made through a secondary 
school guidance counselor or by writing directly to one of the testing agencies. For 
SAT write to the College Board, Box 592, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, or Box 1025, 
Berkeley, California 90701. For ACT write to American College Testing Program, 
P.O. Box 451, Iowa City, Iowa 52240. It is to the applicant's advantage to take one 
of the tests late in the junior year or early in the senior year of high school. 

Applicants should normally have or be in the process of completing a secondary 
school program including appropriate courses in English, mathematics, and/or sci- 
ence, and social studies. While an admissions decision may be based on a partial 
secondary school transcript, a final transcript must be sent to the Admissions Office 
by the candidate's school, showing evidence of academic work completed and official 
graduation. 

The Oglethorpe application contains a reference form and a list of other 
materials which must be submitted by the applicant. No application will be consid- 
ered and acted upon until the items indicated have been received. 

Students may choose from early decision and regular decision admissions. 



Application Procedure 



All correspondence concerning admission should be addressed to the Admis- 
sions Office, Oglethorpe University, 4484 Peachtree Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30319. 
After receiving the application form, the applicant should complete and return it 
with an application fee of $25. 

Entering freshmen must also submit the following: letter of reference from a 
high school counselor or teacher; official transcript of high school work; and SAT 
or ACT scores. Transfer students must submit the completed application form with 
the $25 application fee, plus the following: letter of good standing from the registrar 
or dean of the college previously attended, official transcript of each college 
attended, and a high school transcript and test scores if less than one full year of 
college work has been completed. 

When a student has completed the application process, the Director of Ad- 
missions and the Admissions Committee will review the application. If accepted, 
the student will be required to submit an enrollment deposit to reserve accommo- 
dations for the appropriate session. Residence hall students submit a deposit of 



23 



$200, commuters $100. While the deposit is not refundable; it is applicable toward 
tuition and fees. 



Early Decision 



This program allows students for whom Oglethorpe is their first choice to be 
considered on a priority basis. Completed applications with supporting materials 
are due on or before December 5. Candidates will be required to certify that they 
are not applying to any other colleges under an Early Decision plan. Notification 
on admission by Oglethorpe will be made on or about December 15. Early Decision 
candidates applying for scholarship or financial aid assistance must file the appro- 
priate forms by January 5. 

Accepted students will be required to submit their deposits by February 1 and 
to certify that they have withdrawn applications from other schools. Earjy Decision 
students who do not submit their deposits as required will have ofTers of admission 
and financial assistance rescinded. 



Regular Decision 



Candidates for Regular Decision may submit their applications at any time, 
although the University will accept applicants after March 1 only on a "space- 
available" basis. To be considered, freshman applicants should submit a completed 
application form, high school transcripts, standardized test scores, and recommen- 
dation(s). Achievement tests, essays, portfolios, or videos are not required for ad- 
mission purposes but will be considered if submitted. Interviews and campus visits 
are not required but are strongly recommended. 

If, upon review of an applicant's file, it is felt that further information would 
be helpful (i.e. mid-year grades), the student will be notified. Decisions wall be 
mailed on or about February 1, and afterwards on a rolling basis. 

Transfer Students and Transfer Policies 

Students who wish to transfer to Oglethorpe from other regionally accredited 
colleges are welcome, provided they are in good standing at the last institution 
attended. They are expected to follow regular admissions procedures and will be 
notified of the decision of the Admissions Committee in the regular way. 

The same transfer policies and regulations apply to both day and evening stu- 
dents. 

Most financial aid awards and scholarships are available to transfer students 
as well as first-time freshmen. 

The same information is required of the transfer student as for the entering 
freshman, although high school records, test scores, and reference forms are not 
required of students having more than one full year of transferable credit. 

Transfer students must submit transcripts of all current and previous college 
work. A separate official transcript from each college attended must be received 
before any action will be taken on the application. 

Oglethorpe University will accept as transfer credit courses comparable to 
University courses which are applicable to a degree program offered at Oglethorpe. 

24 



Acceptable work must be shown on an official transcript and must be completed 
with a grade of "C" or better. Oglethorpe does not accept a "D" grade as transfer 
credit, unless a student has graduated from an accredited junior college, or a "D" 
grade is followed by a "C" grade or better in a normal sequence course (e.g.. General 
Biology I and II). 

Transfer students on probation or exclusion from another institution will not 
be accepted. 

Transfer students must have a grade-point average of 2.3 (on a 4.0 scale) to 
be eligible for admission. 

Transfer students who have earned an associate degree at a regionally ac- 
credited junior college will be awarded two years of credit. Junior college graduates 
with strong academic records are encouraged to apply for admission. 

Oglethorpe University will accept as many as 30 hours of United States Armed 
Forces Institute (USAFI) credit. 

Students who hold the R.N. credential from an appropriately accredited insti- 
tution are awarded credit for their arts and sciences courses. To earn a bachelor's 
degree, the student must complete the core curriculum, a major, and other appli- 
cable requirements. 

The maximum total number of semester hours that may be transferred into 
Oglethorpe is 75. A minimum of 45 semester hours must be earned through course 
work at Oglethorpe in order for an Oglethorpe degree to be awarded, with 30 of 
the last 60 hours earned in residence (residency requirement). 

Credits earned at post-secondary institutions accredited by the six regional 
accrediting bodies (e.g.. Southern, Middle States, New England, etc.. Associations) 
will be accepted in day and evening programs. 

Courses taken at schools accredited by national crediting bodies (e.g.. Associ- 
ation of Independent Schools and Colleges, American Association of Bible Colleges, 
etc.) may be credited. In these cases, division chairs in whose areas the courses 
relate will receive from the Dean of Continuing Education the student's transcript, 
an actual catalog course description provided by the student, and a syllabus for the 
course provided by the student. Division chairs will determine whether or not 
courses are to receive transfer credit. 

Courses recognized by the American Council on Education (ACE) may be 
credited by the Dean of Continuing Education and the Registrar. Programs not 
recognized by ACE will not be given credit. 

A maximum of 30 semester hours may be earned through College Level Ex- 
amination Program (CLEP tests). Maximum credit for Advanced Placement tests 
(AP testing) is also 30 semester hours. Please consult the section. Credit by Ex- 
amination, on the following pages. 

In all cases, only 75 semester hours may be earned outside of Oglethorpe 
University through any of the means described above. At least 45 semester hours 
must be earned in course work for which Oglethorpe credits are granted. 

A minimum of 15 semester hours of a major must be in course work taken at 
Oglethorpe University (for teacher education majors, please refer to Division VI 
requirements in this Bulletin) . A minimum of nine semester hours of a minor must 
be in course work taken at Oglethorpe. For education majors, these requirements 
must be fulfilled before student teaching. 

25 



International Students 



Admission to Oglethorpe is open to qualified students from all countries. Stu- 
dents who are able to provide evidence of suitable academic background, adequate 
financial resources, and seriousness of purpose are eligible to apply. 

All students from countries where English is not the native language must 
meet one of the following requirements to be considered for admission: 

1. Complete level 109 from an ELS, Inc. language center. 

2. Score a minimum of 500 on the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign 
Language). 

3. Score 400 or more on the verbal section of the International Scholastic 
Aptitude Test. 

4. Have a combined 2.3 grade-point average with no grade below a "C" in two 
English composition courses from an AACRAO (American Association of 
Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers) accredited college or uni- 
versity. 

International students must take an English composition placement test prior 
to beginning the first semester of classes. They will be placed in an appropriate 
English composition course. The normal sequence of composition courses for stu- 
dents from non-English-speaking countries is: English as a Second Language I and 
II followed by Analytical Writing. 

An international student's secondary school credentials are subject to the ac- 
ceptance criteria stated for his or her country in the AACRAO world education 
series, governed by the National Council on the Evaluation of Foreign Educational 
Credentials, 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20036. 

All students from nations where English is the native language must have one 
of the following to be considered for admission: 

1. A combined SAT score of 900, with at least 400 on the verbal section. 

2. An ACT score of at least 21. 

3. Above-average scores on the "A" level examinations in British system 
schools or their equivalent in Northern Ireland or Scotland. 



Joint Enrollment Students 



Students who have attained junior or higher standing in their secondary schools 
may apply for enrollment in suitable courses offered at the University. 

Admission to the joint enrollment program will depend upon ajoint assessment 
by appropriate personnel of the student's secondary school and by Oglethorpe ad- 
missions personnel. 

In general, the candidate must have the social maturity to benefit from a 
collegiate experience and possess a "B" or higher grade-point average along with 
a combined score of 1050 or higher on the Scholastic Aptitude Test or its equivalent. 
A student seeking admission should write or call the Joint Enrollment Counselor in 
the Registrar's Office at Oglethorpe to receive an application. No more than four 
courses may be taken as ajoint enrollment student. 

Early Admission (Early Entrance) 

A gifted student of unusual maturity whose high school record shows excellent 
academic performance through the junior year in a college preparatory program, 
and whose score on a standardized aptitude test are high, may submit his or her 

26 



application for admission to the University for enrollment after the junior year in 
high school. The candidate should have the support of his or her parents in writing 
submitted wath the application. A strong recommendation from the high school is 
expected, and the candidate must come to campus for a personal interview with a 
senior admissions officer. 

Transient Students 

Transient students may take any course offered by the University, provided 
that they secure permission from their current institution certifying that the insti- 
tution will accept for transfer credit the academic work done by the student at 
Oglethorpe. This permission is the responsiblity of the transient student. 

A letter of good standing or a current transcript must be sent to the Admissions 
Office before a transient student can be accepted. 



Credit by Examination 



There are two testing programs through which students may earn credit for 
required or elective courses. Any student who has questions about these examina- 
tions should consult with the Registrar. No more than 30 semester hours of credit 
will be accepted from each of the programs described below. 

College Level Examination Program - CLEP 

Within the CLEP testing program are two categories. The General Examina- 
tions cover the areas of English Composition, Humanities, Mathematics, Natural 
Science, and Social Science and History. Oglethorpe University does not award 
credit for the General Examinations in English Composition, Natural Science, 
Mathematics, or Social Science and History. Minimum acceptable scores are 500 
for each general area and 50 in each sub-total category. The Subject Examinations 
are designed to measure knowledge in a particular course. A minimum acceptable 
score of 50 on a Subject Examination is required for credit. The Oglethorpe Regis- 
trar should be contacted concerning which Subject Examinations may lead to credit 
at Oglethorpe. 

CLEP examinations normally are taken before the student matriculates at 
Oglethorpe. Only under special circumstances will credit be awarded for an ex- 
amination taken after the student completes his or her first semester at Oglethorpe 
University. A maximum of three semester hours will be awarded for each exami- 
nation. A maximum of 30 semester hours may be earned with acceptable CLEP 
scores. 

All students are required to take placement examinations in English compo- 
sition, mathematics, and foreign languages (if they plan to take a course in a given 
language) and are placed accordingly. 

Advanced Placement Program 

The University encourages students who have completed Advanced Placement 
examinations of the College Entrance Examination Board to submit their scores 
prior to enrollment for evaluation for college credit. The general policy of Ogle- 
thorpe toward such scores is the following: Academic credit will be given in the 

27 



appropriate area to students presenting Advanced Placement grades of 3, 4, or 5; 
neither credit nor exemption will be given for a grade of 2; maximum credit allowed 
to any student for Advanced Placement tests will be 30 semester hours. Specific 
policies are indicated in the chart which follows. 

All students are required to take placement examinations in English compo- 
sition, mathematics, and foreign languages (if they plan to take a course in a given 
language) and are placed accordingly. 



28 



ADVANCED PLACEMENT CREDIT CHART 

(Accepted Examination Grades: 3, 4, 5) 



AP Exam 



Semester 

Hours 
Awarded Course Equivalents 



Special Conditions 



Art 

Studio 
History 



1182 Drawing 

C181 Art and Culture 



Biology 



C352 Natural Science: The 
Biological Sciences 



Completion of 1311 General 
Biology I with a grade of "A" and 
favorable evaluation by the biology 
faculty required for four additional 
semester hours credit and 
exemption from 1312 General 
Biology n. 



Chemistry 



C35I Natural Science: The Physical 
Sciences 



Computer Science 

Grade 4 or 5 6 

Grade 3 3 



Economics 



English 

Language & 
Composition 
Grade 4 or 5 

Language & 
Composition 
Grade 3 

Literature & 
Composition 
Grade 4 or 5 

Literature & 
Composition 
Grade 3 



History 

American 

European 



2541, 2542 Introduction to 

& Principles of Computer Science 
2541 Introduction to 

Computer Science 



1521 Introduction to Economics 



EHective credit 



Elective Credit 



Essay will be evaluated 

by English faculty, 

if submitted by student. 



Essay will be evaluated 

by English faculty, 

if submitted by student. 



French 

Language 
Literature 


8 
6 


1173, 1 174 Elementary Frenchl&n 
General credit in French 


German 

Language 
Literature 


8 
6 


1 1 75, 1 1 76 Elementary German I & 11 
General credit in German 


Government 


3 


1222 Introduction to Politics 



6 2216, 2217 American History to 1865 

& Since 1865 
3 C212 The West and the Modern 

World 



Latin 


8 


General credit in Latin 


Mathematics 

Calculus AB 
Calculus BC 


3 
6 


1335 Calculus I 

1335, 1336 Calculus I & II 


Music 

Theory 
Appreciation 


3 
3 


2131 Music Theory I 
CI31 Music and Culture 



29 



Physics 

Physics B 
Physics C 



8 1341, 1342 General Physics I & U 
10 2341,2342 College Physics I & n 
3 C351 Natural Science: The 
Physical Sciences 



Spanish 

Language 
Literature 



1171, 1172 Elementary Spanish I & 11 
General credit in Spanish 



Campus Visit 



While not a requirement of the admissions process, the candidate is urged to 
visit the campus and explore the academic and leadership opportunities that en- 
compass the Oglethorpe tradition of a collegiate education. 

Additional information may be obtained by contacting the Admissions Office, 
(404) 364-8307 in the Atlanta calling area or (800) 428-4484 from other locations. 



30 



Continuing 
Education 




Oglethorpe University's Division of Continuing Education offers a variety of 
educational opportunities to adults in the metropolitan Atlanta area. Included are 
credit courses in the liberal arts and business, non-credit courses, and educational 
experiences designed to meet the specific needs of employers, organizations, and 
members of vocational groups. 

All correspondence concerning admission to the Continuing Education Pro- 
gram should be addressed to the Office of Continuing Education, Oglethorpe Uni- 
versity, 4484 Peachtree Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797. The telephone number 
for the Continuing Education Office is (404) 364-8383. 



Degree Program 



An evening-weekend credit program serves two groups: those who wish to take 
a limited number of courses for special purposes and those who desire to earn 
baccalaureate degrees. Degree programs are offered in accounting, business admin- 
istration, business administration and computer science, business administration 
and behavioral science, and the individually planned major. Classes meet two nights 
a week (Monday and Wednesday or Tuesday and Thursday) or on Saturday morn- 
ings. The academic year is divided into three full sessions — fall, spring, and summer 
— and an abbreviated session in May. To qualify for the special tuition rates offered 
to continuing education students, a student must take all courses in the evening or 
on Saturdays. 

Admission as a Regular Degree Student 

In order to be admitted as a regular degree student in the Continuing Edu- 
cation Program, a student must: 

1. Be at least 21 years of age. 

2. Have graduated from high school or have passed the General Education 
Development test. 

3. Obtain transcripts from all colleges attended and have at least a 2.3 
cumulative grade-point average on all college work attempted in the 'ast 
two years. 

4. Demonstrate English language proficiency if he or she is an international 
student. 



Admission as a Transfer Student 

Please refer to Transfer Students and Transfer Policies in the Admissions sec- 
tion of this Bulletin. 

Admission as a Transient Student 

Please refer to Transient Students in the Admissions section of this Bulletin. 
32 



Admission as a Special Student 



Students who wish to take a limited number of courses for a special purpose 
or who would like to try college before committing to a degree program, may apply 
as a special student. A special student may take up to five courses without having 
to obtain transcripts from high school or other colleges previously attended. All 
courses taken as a special student can be transferred to another college or be applied 
to an Oglethorpe degree program. 

In order to be admitted as a special student in the Continuing Education 
Program, a student must: 

1. Be at least 21 years of age. 

2. Have graduated from high school or have passed the General Education 
Development test. 

3. Be eligible to return to any college or university which he or she has attended 
in the last two years. 

4. Demonstrate English language proficiency if he or she is an international 
student. 



Credit by Examination 



Please refer to Credit by Examination in the Admissions section o[ this Bulletin. 

Non-Degree Program 

The Division of Continuing Education serves as the University's community 
service arm, providing non-credit courses for adults. The two non-credit programs 
are the Learn and Live courses for personal enrichment, and the Certificate in 
Management Development program offered in cooperation with the American Man- 
agement Association Extension Institution. Classes meet on weekday evenings and 
Saturdays in fall and spring semesters and summer sessions. 

Human Resources Development 

Training needs of business, industry, government, and vocational groups in the 
north Atlanta area are met through individually-designed seminars, workshops, and 
conferences. Emphasis is placed on training for managers, with a Certificate in 
Management awarded to individuals who complete the prescribed course of study. 

Additional information is available from the Dean of Continuing Education. 



33 



Financial 
Assistance 




Programs 



Oglethorpe University offers a variety of strategies and resources to lower the 
cost of an Oglethorpe education. Both need-based aid and awards based on academic 
achievement are available. All families are urged to complete an approved needs- 
analysis form regardless of their income level. The University's financial aid profes- 
sionals will then have the information necessary to discuss all options available to 
parents and students. The approved needs-analysis forms (FFS, FAF, Singlefile, etc.) 
are the common forms by which students may apply for all campus-based programs 
(Perkins Loans [NDSL], Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants, College 
Work-Study), and at the same time, apply for the Pell Grant, the Stafford Loan, as 
well as the Georgia Incentive Grant, if a resident of Georgia. After filing the needs- 
analysis form, the student will receive an acknowledgement from the processor plus 
a Student Aid Report for the Pell Grant Program. When the Student Aid Report is 
received, it should be forwarded to the Office of Financial Aid. 

A financial aid package may include assistance from any one or more of the 
following sources: 

James Edward Oglethorpe Scholarships provide tuition, room and board for 
four years of undergraduate study, if scholarship criteria continue to be met. 
Recipients are selected on the basis of an academic competition held on campus in 
the spring of each year. Students must be nominated by their secondary schools, 
must have a combined SAT score of at least 1250 (ACT 29), a 3.6 or higher cu- 
mulative academic grade-point average, and a superior record of leadership in ex- 
tracurricular activities either in school or in the community. Applications must be 
received by mid-December. 

Oglethorpe Scholars Awards (OSA) Scholarships based on achievement are 
available to students with superior academic ability. A fundamental aim of Ogle- 
thorpe University is to prepare students for leadership roles in society. One way of 
promoting this purpose is to give special recognition to students who demonstrate 
superior academic abilities as undergraduates. Scholarships range upwards from 
$1,500 to $8,000. 

Recipients of funds from this program are expected to maintain specified levels 
of academic achievement and make a contribution to the Oglethorpe community. 
Each award is for one year but can be renewed on the basis of an annual evaluation 
of academic and other performance factors by the Director of Financial Aid. 

Oglethorpe on-campus employment will be provided to students who dem- 
onstrate exceptional work experience and skills. The number of positions may vary 
each year. Students should complete the College Employment Application in 
addition to the approved needs-analysis form. 

College Work-Study Program (CWSP) permits a student to earn part of his 
or her educational expenses. The earnings from this program and other financial 
aid cannot exceed the student's financial need. Students eligible for this program 
work part time on the Oglethorpe campus. 

Georgia Tuition Equalization Grant (GTEG) is available for Georgia resi- 
dents who attend full time and seek their degrees at Oglethorpe. The program was 
established by an act of the 1971 Georgia General Assembly. The Georgia Higher 
Education Assistance Authority defines the program in this way: "The purpose of 
the Act is to provide tuition assistance to Georgia resident students who are desirous 

35 



of pursuing their higher education goals in a private Georgia college or university 
but find the financial cost prohibitive due primarily to high tuition of these edu- 
cational institutions in comparison to public schools which are branches of the 
University System of Georgia." All students must complete a yearly application and 
verify their eligibility for the grant. In the 1991-92 school year, this grant was $794 
per academic year. Financial need is not a factor in determining eligibility. A 
separate application is required. 

Georgia Incentive Grant (GIG), as defined by the Georgia Student Finance 
Authority, is a "program created by an act of the 1974 Georgia General Assembly, 
in order to establish a program of need-based scholarships for qualified Georgia 
residents to enable them to attend eligible post-secondary institutions of their choice 
within the state." The scholarship awards are designed to provide only a portion of 
the student's resources in financing the total cost of a college education. Application 
requires the student to complete an approved needs-analysis form and to send the 
information to Oglethorpe and the Georgia Student Finance Authority. 

Pell Grant is a federal aid program intended to be the floor in financial assis- 
tance. Eligibility is based upon a family's financial resources and a rationing formula 
published by the government. Application for this program may be obtained from 
the Office of Financial Aid or from a high school guidance office. This aid is 
administered in the form of non-repayable grants. 

Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG) do not require 
repayment. The size of the grant depends on the need of the individual recipient. 

Perkins Loans (NDSL), are long-term, low-cost educational loans to students 
who have demonstrated need for such assistance. No interest is charged and re- 
payment is deferred while the borrower continues as a half-time student. Interest 
is charged at a five percent annual rate beginning nine months after the borrower's 
education ends. These loans are available to students who show a demonstrated 
financial need by applying with an approved needs-analysis form. Students who elect 
to serve in the Peace Corps, who volunteer under Title 1 - Part A of the Domestic 
Volunteer Service Act, serve as a full-time volunteer in a similar tax-exempt or- 
ganization or in the Armed Forces of the United States may be exempt from interest 
charges and repayment for three years. Cancellation benefits may be received by 
teaching in "low income" areas that are designated by the Secretary of Education 
for teaching disabled children and in Head Start Programs. 

Stafford Loans are long-term loans available through banks, credit unions, 
and other lending institutions. Students must submit the approved needs-analysis 
form as well as a separate loan application. 

Parent Loans for Undergraduate/Graduate Students and Supplemental 
Loans for Students are relatively long-term loans available through banks, credit 
unions, and other lending institutions. Parents desiring to seek a loan from this 
program should consult with the Office of Financial Aid for additional information. 

Ty Cobb Educational Foundation Scholarship Program. Students who are 
residents of Georgia and who have completed at least one year of "B" quality or 
higher work in an accredited college are eligible to apply for Ty Cobb Scholarships. 
Applications from undergraduate students who are married will not be considered. 

Special Note: Dual-degree students in art and engineering may not use Ogle- 
thorpe assistance to attend other institutions. 

Additional information may be secured from the Office of Financial Aid. 

36 



Eligibility for Federal Student Aid 

Applicants for a Pell Grant, Perkins Loan, Supplemental Educational Oppor- 
tunity Grant, College Work-Study, Stafford Loan, Parent Loan, or Supplemental 
Loan for Students must meet the following criteria: 

1. Be a U.S. citizen, national or permanent resident. 

2. Be enrolled on at least a half-time basis (6 hours) in a regular degree-seeking 
program. 

3. Maintain "satisfactory progress" in the course of study. 

Satisfactory progress means that a student must earn 24 semester hours 
each 12 months in order to continue receiving financial aid. Part-time stu- 
dents must complete a percentage of 24 hours each year. For example, half- 
time students must complete 12 semester hours. 
Students who have not made satisfactory progress may re-establish their eli- 
gibility by earning the required 24 hours and obtaining the cumulative grade-point 
average required. All applicants who re-establish their eligibility must have an ap- 
pointment with the Director of Financial Aid prior to receiving financial aid again. 
In addition, students must remain in good standing. The following standards 
are used to determine good standing: 









Years 


to Complete 








(B< 


isec 


on full-time 


Number of Hours Completed 


Grade-Point Ave 


rage 




en 


rollment) 


0-24 


1.50 








1 


25-35 


1.50 








2 


36-48 


L75 








2 


49-60 


L75 








3 


61-72 


2.00 








3 


73-96 


2.00 








4 


97-120 


2.00 








5 



If, at the end of the spring semester, the Director of Financial Aid determines 
that a student has not met the foregoing standards, the student will be placed on 
Financial Aid Probation for the fall semester and encouraged to enroll in summer 
session courses at Oglethorpe to make up any deficiency and maintain eligibility. If 
at the end of the summer session the student's cumulative grade-point average is 
in compliance with the relevant standard, the student will not be placed on pro- 
bation during the fall. Financial assistance may be continued in spite of non-com- 
pliance with eligibility standards if a student's appeal to the Admissions and 
Financial Aid Committee is accepted or if the Provost determines that the student 
has made progress during the fall semester. Probation may be continued for one 
additional semester. If the student does not meet the relevant standards by the end 
of the fall semester, and all appeals are denied, financial assistance will be termi- 
nated. 

4. May not be in default on a student loan or obligated to pay a refund on a 
previous federal program. 

5. Establish financial need by filing an approved needs-analysis form. 

6. Be an undergraduate student who has not previously received a bachelor's 
degree. Graduate students may apply for financial aid from the Perkins Loan 
or College Work-Study Programs. 

7. May not be a member of a religious community, society, or order who by 
direction of his or her community, society, or order is pursuing a course of 
study at Oglethorpe, and who receives support and maintenance from his 
or her community, society, or order. 



37 



Application Procedure 



Students applying for the Georgia Tuition Equalization Grant submit a sepa- 
rate application which may be obtained from a high school counselor or the Office 
of Financial Aid. 

Students applying for an Oglethorpe Scholars Award must complete an Ogle- 
thorpe Scholars Award application from the Office of Financial Aid. 

The application procedure for the Pell Grants Supplemental Educational 
Opportunity Grant, Perkins Loan, Stafford Loan, and College Work-Study Program 
is as follows: 

1. Apply and be admitted as a regular student. 

2. File an approved needs-analysis form no later than May 1, indicating that 
Oglethorpe University should receive a copy. 

3. Upon receipt of the Student Aid Report for the Pell Grant Program, send 
it to the Office of Financial Aid. 

4. If eligible for a Stafford Loan, a separate application must be submitted. 

5. Upon receipt of an official award letter, students must notify the Office of 
Financial Aid of their plans for enrollment and reserve housing by submit- 
ting their advance deposit. 

The application procedure for all other assistance programs may be obtained 
by contacting the Office of Financial Aid. 



Payment of Awards 



All awards, except College Work-Study earnings, Stafford Loans and Supple- 
mental Loans for Students, are disbursed to students by means of a direct credit 
to their account. Each semester transfer is dependent upon final approval of the 
Director of Financial Aid. Each student must acknowledge receipt of the awards 
prior to their being credited to a student's account. Only when a student's file is 
complete can aid be transferred to the account. 



Renewal of Awards 



Renewal applications for all programs are available from the Office of Financial 
Aid. Students must meet the eligibility requirements indicated above and file the 
appropriate applications for each program. Deadline for receipt of a completed 
financial aid file is May 1. Applicants whose files become complete after this time 
will be considered based upon availability of funds. 

Applicants for renewal of Georgia Tuition Equalization Grants must file no 
later than the last day to register for each semester (end of Drop/Add). 

For renewal of the Oglethorpe Scholars Award, at the end of the fall semester, 
freshmen must have at least a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average; sophomores, a 
2.3 average; and juniors, a 2.6 average. A cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 or 
higher is required for renewal of a tuition-only scholarship. A 3.2 or higher average 
is required for renewal of a scholarship which covers tuition, room, and board. 

Students who fail to meet the cumulative grade-point average requirement 
may attend Oglethorpe's summer school program in order to make up deficiencies. 



38 



Courses taken elsewhere will not affect the cumulative grade-point average at 
Oglethorpe. 

Students who fail to meet the published criteria for reasons beyond their control 
may submit a written appeal to the Admissions and Financial Aid Committee. If 
the student does not submit an appeal or if it is denied, the student in good academic 
standing will be eligible for a grant which will equal 75 percent of his or her original 
scholarship award. The student must enroll as a full-time day student in order to 
receive the grant. Once the student again has met the Oglethorpe Scholars Award 
criteria, the full value of the OSA award will be reinstated for the next term in 
attendance as a full-time day student. 

In addition to the cumulative grade-point average requirement, freshmen also 
must have earned at least 14 semester hours of credit in the fall semester. All other 
students must earn at least 29 semester hours during the current academic year. 
Students who are deficient in the number of hours required may attend summer 
school at any institution, pending approval from their academic adviser and Og- 
lethorpe's Registrar. Students also have the option of submitting a written appeal 
to the Admissions and Financial Aid Committee. 

Renewal applications for all scholarship programs must be filed in the Financial 
Aid Office by February 1. Award notifications will be mailed to students during the 
month of March. 



Endowed Scholarships 



Oglethorpe offers special awards in recognition of outstanding achievement. 
Students need not apply for these scholarships as all applicants are considered for 
these awards. 

The Ivan Allen Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by a grant from 
The Allen Foundation, Inc., of Atlanta, in memory of Ivan Allen, Sr., who was a 
Trustee of the University for many years and General Chairman of the first major 
fund-raising campaign. The Ivan Allen family and Foundation are long-time bene- 
factors of the University. Ivan Allen scholars are to be from the Southeast and have 
at least a 3.2 grade-point average and leadership ability, as well as financial need. 

The Marshall A. and Mary Bishop Asher Endowed Scholarship Fund was 
established by the Asher family in 1988. Both Mr. and Mrs. Asher are alumni (classes 
of 1941 and 1943 respectively) and both served for many years as Trustees of the 
University. The scholarship is awarded to a superior student in science. 

The Earl Blackwell Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by Earl 
Blackwell, distinguished publisher, playwright, author, and founder of Celebrity 
Services, Inc., headquartered in New York. The scholarship is awarded to deserving 
students with special interest in English, journalism, or the performing arts. 
Mr. Blackwell is a 1929 graduate of the University. 

The Allen A. and Mamie B. Chappell Endowed Scholarship is awarded 
annually based upon academic achievement. This award is made possible through 
the generosity of the late Allen A. Chappell, a long-time Trustee of the University. 

The Dondi Cobb Endowed Scholarship is in memory of Dondi Cobb who 
was a student of Oglethorpe during the 1976-77 academic year. The award is given 
to a student who has an interest in athletics and who is a freshman or sophomore 
in his or her first year at Oglethorpe. 



39 



The Miriam H. and John A. Conant Endowed Scholarship Fund was estab- 
lished by Mr. and Mrs. John A. Conant. The Conants are long-time benefactors of 
Oglethorpe, and Mrs. Conant serves as a Trustee of the University. Scholarships 
are awarded annually to superior students with leadership ability. 

Michael Archangel Corvasce Memorial Endowed Scholarship Fund was 
established by his parents, Dr. and Mrs. Michael Corvasce of Hauppauge, New York, 
and friends in memory of Michael Archangel Corvasce, class of 1979. The scholar- 
ship recipient will be selected anually from the three pre-medical students who have 
the highest cumulative grade-point average through their junior years and plan to 
attend an American medical school. This scholarship, which perpetuates Michael 
Archangel Corvasce's interest in Oglethorpe and medicine, will take into consid- 
eration the moral character of the candidates as well as their academic qualifica- 
tions. 

The Estelle Anderson Crouch Endowed Scholarship is the first of three 
scholarships given by Mr. John W. Crouch, class of 1929, and a Trustee of the 
University. This scholarship was established in memory of Mrs. Crouch, the mother 
of John Thomas Crouch, class of 1965. Mrs. Crouch died in 1960. It is awarded 
annually without regard to financial need to students who have demonstrated high 
academic standards. 

The Katherine Shepard Crouch Endowed Scholarship is a scholarship given 
in memory of Mrs. Crouch by Mr. John W. Crouch and is awarded annually based 
upon academic achievement. 

The Cammie Lee Stow Kendrick Crouch Endowed Scholarship, the third 
scholarship endowed by Mr. Crouch, is awarded annually based upon academic 
achievement, in honor of his wife. Mr. and Mrs. Crouch were classmates at Ogle- 
thorpe and graduates in the class of 1929. 

The Karen S. Dillingham Memorial Endowed Scholarship was established 
by Mr. and Mrs. Paul L. Dillingham in loving memory of their daughter. Mr. 
Dillingham is a former Trustee and later served for several years as a senior ad- 
ministrator of the University. The scholarship is to be awarded each year to an able 
and deserving student. 

The R. E. Dorough Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by a gift 
from Mr. Dorough's estate. Scholarships from this fund are awarded to able and 
deserving students based on the criteria outlined in his will. Mr. Dorough was a 
former Trustee of the University. 

The William A- Egerton Memorial Endowed Scholarship was established in 
1988. Professor Egerton was a well-liked and highly respected member of the 
Oglethorpe faculty from 1956 to 1978 and influenced the lives of many students. 
Alumni Franklin L. Burke '66, Robert B. Currey '66, and Gary C. Harden '69, 
donated the initial funcls and were especially helpful in encouraging other alumni 
and friends to assist in establishing this endowed scholarship fund in memory of 
Professor Egerton. The scholarship will be awarded to a student with a strong 
academic record and demonstrated leadership skills who is majoring in business 
administration. 

The Ernst & Young Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by a gift 
from this accounting firm. Scholarship preference will be given to superior students 
who are majoring in accounting. 

The Henry R. "Hank" Frieman Endowed Scholarship Fund was established 
by Mr. Frieman, class of 1936. An outstanding athlete during his college days at 

40 



Oglethorpe, Mr. Frieman spent a career in coaching. He is a member of the 
Oglethorpe Athletic Hall of Fame. This scholarship is awarded annually based on 
academic achievement, leadership qualities, demonstrated need, and a special in- 
terest in sports. 

The Charles A. Frueauff Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by 
grants from the Charles A. Frueauff Foundation of New York. Scholarship prefer- 
ence will be given to able and deserving students from middle-income families who 
do not qualify for governmental assistance. The criteria for selection also include 
academic ability and leadership potential. 

The Lu Thomasson Garrett Endowed Scholarship Fund was established in 
honor of Lu Thomasson Garrett, class of 1952, and a Trustee Emerita of the Uni- 
versity. Preference for awarding scholarships from this fund will be given to students 
who meet the criteria for an Oglethorpe Scholars Award and are majoring in ed- 
ucation or business administration. 

The Georgia Power Company Endowed Scholarship Fund was established 
by a grant from the Georgia Power Company. The fund provides scholarship support 
for able and deserving students from Georgia. Georgia Power Scholars are to have 
at least a 3.2 grade-point average and leadership ability, as well as financial need. 

The Bert L. and Emory B. Hammack Memorial Scholarship is one of two 
scholarships established by gifts from their brother, Mr. Francis R. Hammack, class 
of 1927. This scholarship, established in 1984, is awarded annually to a senior class 
student majoring in science or mathematics, who is a native of Georgia and had 
the highest academic grade-point average of all such students who attended 
Oglethorpe University in their previous undergraduate years. 

The Francis R. Hammack Scholarships, established in his own name in 1990, 
is the third endowed financial assistance program by Mr. Hammack, class of 1927. 
It is to be awarded annually to a needy but worthy student who is a native of Georgia, 
a junior class member majoring in English, and who has attended Oglethorpe 
University in his or her previous undergraduate years. 

The Leslie U. and Ola Ryle Hammack Memorial Scholarship was estab- 
lished in 1985 in memory of his parents by Francis R. Hammack, class of 1927. It 
is awarded annually to a junior class student, working toward the Bachelor of Busi- 
ness Administration degree, who is a native of Georgia and who had the highest 
academic grade-point average of all such students who attended Oglethorpe 
University in their previous undergraduate years. 

The PDM Harris Endowed Scholarship was established in 1990 by Trustee 
Hollis L. Harris. This scholarship is granted to a deserving student who is studying 
art and demonstrates talent in that field. 

The William Randolph Hearst Endowed Scholarship is awarded annually 
to a deserving student who has attained exceptional academic achievement. The 
William Randolph Hearst Foundation, New York, established the endowment to 
provide this scholarship in honor of Mr. Hearst, one of the benefactors of Oglethorpe 
University. 

The Anna Rebecca Harwell Hill and Frances Grace Harwell Endowed 
Scholarship is a scholarship endowed by the late Mrs. Hill, an Oglethorpe graduate 
in the class of 1930, and is awarded annually to a student who has met the require- 
ments of the Oglethorpe Scholars Award. 

The George A- HoUoway, Sr., Endowed Scholarship Fund was established 
by a bequest from the estate of the late Dr. George A. HoUoway, Sr., a physician 

41 



and a graduate of the class of 1928. The scholarship is awarded each year to an 
outstanding and deserving student who is preparing to enter the field of medicine. 

The Ira Jarrell Endowed Scholarship was established in May, 1975, to honor 
the late Dr. Jarrell, former Superintendent of Atlanta Schools and an Oglethorpe 
graduate. It is awarded annually in the fall to a new student who is a graduate of 
an Atlanta public high school and who is studying in the field of teacher education. 
Should there be no eligible applicant, the award may be made to an Atlanta high 
school graduate in any field, or the University may award the scholarship to any 
worthy high school graduate requiring assistance while working in the field of 
teacher education. 

The Elliece Johnson Endowed Memorial Scholarship, endowed by the late 
Mrs. Earl Crafts in memory of her sister, is awarded to a woman student who best 
exemplifies the highest ideals of a teacher. The award is made to a student majoring 
in education and the humanities and is based on financial need, academic standing, 
and dedication of purpose. 

The Ray M. and Mary Elizabeth Lee Endowed Scholarship Fund was 
established by the Ray M. and Mary Elizabeth Lee Foundation of Atlanta. Schol- 
arship assistance will be provided for able and deserving students from the Southeast 
who have at least a 3.2 grade-point average and leadership ability, as well as financial 
need. The fund was established to perpetuate the interest in higher education of 
the late Mr. and Mrs. Lee. 

The Lowry Memorial Scholarship is an endowed scholarship awarded 
annually to full-time students who have maintained a 3.3 grade-point average. 

The Vera A. Milner Endowed Scholarship was established by Belle Turner 
Cross, class of 1961 and a Trustee of Oglethorpe, and her sisters, Virginia T. 
Rezetko and Vera T. Wells, in memory of their aunt. Vera A. Milner. The schol- 
arship is awarded annually to a full-time student planning to study at Oglethorpe 
for the degree of Master of Arts in Early Childhood Education. Eligibility may begin 
in the undergraduate junior year at Oglethorpe. Qualifications include a grade- 
point average of at least 3.25, a Scholastic Aptitude Test or Graduate Record Ex- 
amination score of 1100 and a commitment to teaching. 

The Virgil W. and Virginia C. Milton Endowed Scholarship Fund was 
established through the gifts of their five children. Mr. Milton was a 1929 graduate 
of Oglethorpe University and a former Chairman of the Board of Trustees. He 
received an Honorary Doctor of Commerce degree from Oglethorpe in 1975. The 
annual award is based on financial need, academic achievement, and leadership 
ability. 

The National Alumni Association Endowed Scholarship was established in 
1971 by the Association's Board of Directors. The scholarship is awarded annually 
to an Oglethorpe student based upon financial need, scholarship, and qualities of 
leadership. 

The Dr. Keiichi Nishimura Endowed Scholarship Fund for International 
Students was established by his family in memory of Dr. Keiichi Nishimura, a 
Methodist minister who served in the slum areas of Tokyo for over 50 years. These 
scholarships, the first for international students at Oglethorpe, will be awarded to 
able and deserving international students and are based on financial need, academic 
achievement, and leadership potential. One of Dr. Nishimura's sons, Kei, is an 
Oglethorpe graduate, class of 1970; and another son, Ken, is Professor of Philosophy 
at the University. 

42 



The Oglethorpe Christian Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by 
a grant from an Atlanta foundation which wishes to remain anonymous. The fund 
also has received grants from the Akers Foundation, Inc., of Gastonia, North Car- 
olina; the Clark and Ruby Baker Foundation of Atlanta; and the Mary and E. P. 
Rogers Foundation of Atlanta. Recipients must be legal residents of Georgia and 
have graduated from Georgia high schools. High school applicants must rank in the 
top quarter of their high school classes and have Scholastic Aptitude Test scores of 
1100 or more; upperclassmen must have a grade-point average of 3.0. Applicants 
must submit a statement from a local minister attesting to their religious commit- 
ment, active involvement in local church. Christian character, and promise of Chris- 
tian leadership and service. Applicants will be interviewed by the Oglethorpe 
Christian Scholarship Committee. 

The Manning M. Pattillo, Jr., Endowed Scholarship Fund was established 
in 1988 by the Oglethorpe National Alumni Association from gifts received from 
many alumni and friends. Dr. Pattillo was Oglethorpe's 13th President, serving from 
1975 until his retirement in 1988. In recognition of his exemplary leadership in 
building an academically strong student body and a gifted faculty, the scholarship 
is awarded to an academically superior student with demonstrated leadership skills. 

The E. Rivers and Una Rivers Endowed Fund was established by the late 
Mrs. Una S. Rivers to provide scholarship funds for deserving students who qualify 
for the Oglethorpe Scholars Award. 

The J. Mack Robinson Endowed Scholarship was established by Atlanta 
businessman J. Mack Robinson. It is awarded to a deserving student who meets the 
general qualifications of the Oglethorpe Scholars Award. Preference is given to 
students majoring in business administration. 

The Steve and Jeanne Schmidt Endowed Scholarship is awarded annually 
to an outstanding student based upon high academic achievement and leadership 
in student affairs. This endowed award is made possible through the generosity of 
Mr. and Mrs. Schmidt. Mr. Schmidt, class of 1940, is a former Chairman of the 
Board of Trustees. Mrs. Schmidt is a graduate of the class of 1942. 

The Timothy P. Tassopoulos Endowed Scholarship Fund was established 
by Mr. S. Truett Cathy, President of Chick-fil-A, Inc., in honor of Timothy P. 
Tassopoulos, class of 1981. Scholarships from this fund are awarded to able and 
deserving students. 

The Charles L. and Jean Towers Scholarship is awarded each year to a 
superior student who has demonstrated an interest as well as talent in choral music. 
The scholarship was established in 1985 in recognition of many years of valuable 
service to the University by Mr. Towers, a former Chairman of the Board of Trustees 
and Assistant to the President. 

The J. M. Tull Scholarship Fund was established by a gift from the J. M. Tull 
Foundation in 1984. Scholarships are awarded annually to superior students with 
leadership ability as well as financial need. 

The United Technologies Corporation Endowed Scholarship Fund was 
established by a grant from the United Technologies Corporation, Hartford, Con- 
necticut. The fund provides scholarship support for able and deserving students who 
are majoring in science or pursuing a pre-engineering program. United Technolo- 
gies Scholars are to have at least a 3.2 grade-point average and leadership ability 
as well as financial need. 



43 



The L. W, "Lefty" and Frances E. Willis Endowed Scholarship Fund was 

established by the family of the late L. V/. "Lefty" Willis, class of 1925. Preference 
will be given to outstanding students who are pursuing a pre-engineering program. 
In addition to academic achievement, leadership ability and financial need are also 
considered in making the awards. 

The Vivian P. and Murray D. Wood Endowed Scholarship Fund was estab- 
lished by gifts from Mr. and Mrs. Murray D. Wood of Atlanta and Burnsville, North 
Carolina. Mr. Wood is a Trustee of Oglethorpe University and former Chairman 
of the Campaign for Excellence. Scholarship preference will be given to superior 
students who are majoring in accounting. 

The David, Helen, and Marian Woodward Endowed Scholarship Fund was 
established by grants from the David, Helen, and Marian Woodward Fund of At- 
lanta. It provides assistance to students who meet the criteria for an Oglethorpe 
Scholars Award. The award is based upon superior academic achievement, leader- 
ship potential, and financial need. 



Annual Scholarships 



The Chevron Freshman Scholars Program is funded annually by a gift from 
Chevron U.S.A., Inc. The scholarship is awarded to a freshman who is a resident of 
Georgia, with interest in mathematics or the sciences and demonstrated leadership 
abilities. 

The Choral Music Scholarships (Performance) are awarded annually to 
incoming students pursuing any degree offered at Oglethorpe and who demonstrate 
exceptional achievement in choral singing or keyboard accompanying. Candidates 
must be nominated with a letter of recommendation by the conductor of any choral 
ensemble in which they have participated, then must pass a qualifying audition with 
the Director of Musical Activities. 

First Families of Georgia (1733 to 1797) Annual Scholarship is awarded 
to a senior who is academically a superior student majoring in history. First Families 
of Georgia is a society whose members are able to document their descent from 
early settlers of the State of Georgia. 

The Harold Hirsch Scholarship for Non-Traditional Students is provided 
by the Harold Hirsch Scholarship Fund of Atlanta. The fund provides annual schol- 
arship assistance for degree-seeking students in the evening program. Harold Hirsch 
Scholars are to have at least a 3.0 grade-point average and leadership ability, as 
well as financial need. 

International Programs Advisory Council Annual Scholarships are pro- 
vided from gifts made by several Atlanta business firms that have a special interest 
in international affairs. These scholarships are awarded to outstanding international 
students or those majoring in international studies. 

The Noble Foundation Annual Scholarships are awarded to able and de- 
serving students majoring in science or business administration. These scholarships 
are provided through the generosity of The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 
Ardmore, Oklahoma. Mr. Edward E. Noble, a member of the Board of Trustees of 
Oglethorpe University, is also a Trustee of The Noble Foundation. 

The Playmakers Performance Scholarships are awarded annually to incom- 
ing students pursuing any degree offered at Oglethorpe and who have exceptional 
ability in the area of dramatic performance. Candidates should be nominated with 



44 



a letter of recommendation by the director of a dramatic troupe in which they have 
participated and perform an audition for the Oglethorpe Director of Drama. Awards 
are based on ability, not financial need. 

The Lavinia Cloud Pretz Annual Music Scholarship is provided through 
the generosity of James and Sharon Bohart to honor Mrs. Pretz. Mrs. Pretz is a 
former member of the Oglethorpe President's Advisory Council and the Art Gallery 
Council. The scholarship is to be awarded to an outstanding student in the music 
program. 

The Mack A- Rikard Annual Scholarships were established in 1990 by 
Mr. Mack A. Rikard, class of 1937 and a Trustee Emeritus of the University. These 
scholarships are awarded to able and deserving students who meet certain criteria. 
The criteria are flexible, with consideration being given to a number of factors, 
including wdthout limitation academic achievement, leadership skills, potential for 
success, evidence of propensity for hard work and a conscientious application of 
abilities. Recipients must be individuals born in the United States of America and 
are encouraged, at such time in their business or professional careers when financial 
circumstances permit, to provide from their own funds one or more additional 
scholarships to worthy Oglethorpe students. 

The William Jennings Rowland Scholarship is provided by a grant from the 
Mary Norris Preyer Foundation to assist a needy and able Oglethorpe student, with 
particular emphasis on a student-athlete and/or a minority student. 

The Lettie Pate Whitehead Foundation has made grants annually for a num- 
ber of years to provide annual scholarships to Christian women from the South- 
eastern states who are deserving and in need of financial assistance. 

Student Emergency Loan Funds 

The Olivia Luck King Student Loan Fund provides short-term loans" to 
enrolled students from Georgia. The fund was established in memory of Mrs. King 
by her husband, Mr. C. H. King of Marietta, Georgia. Mrs. King was a member of 
the class of 1942, and Mr. King received his master's degree from Oglethorpe in 
1936. 

The David N. and Lutie P. Landers Revolving Loan Fund provides short- 
term loans for needy and deserving students. The fund was established by a bequest 
from the estates of Mr. and Mrs. Landers of Atlanta. 

The Steve Najjar Student Loan Fund provides short-term loans and financial 
assistance to deserving Oglethorpe students. The fund was established in memory 
of Mr. Najjar, who, with his aunt "Miss Sadie" Mansour, operated the Five Paces 
Inn, a family business, in the Buckhead section of Atlanta. The Five Paces Inn was 
a popular establishment for Oglethorpe students for many years. A number of 
Oglethorpe alumni, especially students in the late 50s and early 60s, established 
this fund in Mr. Najjar's memory. 

ROTC - Reserve Officers Training Corps 

Oglethorpe University has made arrangements through Cross Registration for 
students to participate in the Air Force ROTC program at the Georgia Institute of 
Technology and the Army ROTC program at Georgia State University. Twelve 
hours of ROTC may be used as elective credit toward a degree at Oglethorpe. Each 
ROTC branch offers scholarship programs of two, three, and four years. Additional 
information may be obtained from the Registrar at Oglethorpe and the departments 
of military science at the institutions hosting these programs. 

45 



Tuition and Costs 







Fees and Costs 



The fees, costs, and dates listed below are for 1992-93. Financial information 
for 1993-94 will be available in early 1993. 

The tuition charged by Oglethorpe University represents only 61 percent, of 
the actual expense of educating each student, the balance coming from endowment 
income, gifts, and other sources. Thus, every Oglethorpe undergraduate is the ben- 
eficiary of a hidden scholarship. At the same time 75 percent of the students are 
awarded additional financial assistance in the form of scholarships, grants, and loans 
from private, governmental, or institutional sources. 

The tuition is $5,575 per semester. Room and board is $1,950-2,100 per 
semester. Students who desire single rooms are assessed $2,350 to $2,550 for room 
and board. 

The tuition of $5,575 is applicable to all students taking 12-16 semester hours. 
These are classified as full-time students. Students taking less than 12 semester 
hours are referred to the section on Part-Time Fees. Students taking more than 16 
hours during a semester are charged $185 for each additional hour. Payment of 
tuition and fees is due two weeks prior to registration each semester. Failure to 
make the necessary payments will result in the cancellation of the student's regis- 
tration. Students receiving financial aid are required to pay the difference between 
the amount of their aid and the amount due by the deadline. Students and parents 
desiring information about various payment options should request the pamphlet 
"Payment Plans." New students who require on-campus housing for the fall se- 
mester are required to submit an advance deposit of $200. New commuting students 
are required to submit an advance deposit of $100. Such deposits are not refundable. 
However, the deposit is credited to the student's account for the fall semester. 

Upon payment of the room and board fees, each student is covered by a Health 
and Accident policy. Coverage begins on the day of registration. Full-time students 
residing off campus may purchase this insurance for $107 per year. International 
students, students participating in any intercollegiate sport, and students partici- 
pating in intramural football or basketball are required to have this medical cov- 
erage or its equivalent. (Insurance rates are for 1991-92. They are subject to change 
for 1992-93 and 1993-94.) 

In addition to tuition and room and board charges, students may be required 
to subscribe to the following: 

1. DAMAGE DEPOSIT: A $100 damage deposit is required of all resident 
students. The damage deposit is refundable at the end of the academic year 
after any charge for damages is deducted. Room keys and other University 
property must be returned and the required checkout procedure completed 
prior to issuance of damage deposit refunds. This deposit is payable at fall 
registration. Students who begin in the spring semester also must pay the 
$100 damage deposit. 

2. GRADUATING SENIOR: Graduation fee of $65. 

3. LABORATORY FEE: A $45 fee is assessed for each laboratory course taken. 



47 



FuU-Time Fees - 1992-93 



Full-time on-campus student: 

Fall, 1992 Spring, 1993 

Tuition '. $5,575 Tuition $5,575 

Room & Board 1,950-2,100 Room & Board 1,950-2,100 

Damage Deposit 100 Damage Deposit - 

Activity Fee 15 Activity Fee 15 

Advance Deposit -200 

Full-time commuting student: 

Fall, 1992 Tuition $5,575 Spring, 1993 Tuition $5,575 

Activity Fee 15 Activity Fee 15 

Advance Deposit -100 

These schedules do not include the extra cost of single rooms, books and sup- 
plies (approximately $500 per year), or travel and personal expense. All fees are 
subject to change. Please inquire with the Business Office for a complete Fee Sched- 
ule and for 1993-94 fees. 



Part-Time Fees - 1992-93 



Students enrolled part-time in day classes during the fall or spring semesters 
will be charged $1,400 per three semester hour course. This rate is applicable to 
those students taking 11 semester hours or less. Students taking 12 to 16 hours are 
classified full-time. Please inquire with the Business Office for a complete Fee 
Schedule. 

Evening and Summer Fees - 1992-93 

Students enrolled in evening classes during the fall or spring semesters will be 
charged $585 per three semester hour course. Students enrolled in summer pro- 
grams are charged $195 (Summer 1992 rate) per one semester hour. Please inquire 
with the Business Office for a complete Fee Schedule. 



Withdrawal, Drop/Add 



Students who find it necessary to change their enrollment by dropping or add- 
ing courses must do so by obtaining a Drop/Add form from the Registrar's Office. 
This form must be completed and returned to the Registrar's Office during the 
Drop/Add week. 

After the Drop/Add period, the professor must approve the change in schedule. 
The professor may issue one of the following grades: Withdrew Passing (W), With- 
drew Failing (WF), or may refuse to approve the withdrawal. In order to receive a 
refund, the student must officially drop the class by the end of the 20th class day. 

Students should note that any change of academic schedule must be cleared 
by the Registrar's Office. The date the change is received in the Registrar's Office 
will be the official date for the change. 



48 



If a student misses six consecutive classes in any course, the instructor will 
notify the Registrar's Office and it will be assumed that the student has unofficially 
withdrawn from the course. This does not eliminate the responsibility stated above 
concerning the official withdrawal policy. The student may receive the grade of 
withdrew passing, withdrew failing, or failure due to excessive absences. This policy 
has direct implications for students receiving benefits from the Veterans Adminis- 
tration and other federal agencies as these agencies must be notified when a student 
misses six consecutive classes. This will result in an automatic decrease in payments 
to the student. Reinstatement in a course is at the discretion of the instructor. 

If a student must withdraw from the University, an official withdrawal form 
must be obtained from the Registrar. The Director of Financial Aid must sign the 
withdrawal form. The date the completed withdrawal form is submitted to the 
Registrar will be the official date for withdrawal. 

Refunds 

The establishment of a refund policy is based on the University's commitment 
to a fair and equitable refund of tuition and other charges assessed. While the 
University advances this policy, it should not be interpreted as a policy of conven- 
ience for students to take lightly their responsibility and their commitment to the 
University. The University has demonstrated a commitment by admitting and pro- 
viding the necessary programs for all students and expects students to reciprocate 
that commitment. 

Since the premium for insurance coverage is not retained by the University, it 
will not be refunded after registration day. Since room and board services are 
consumed on a daily basis, during the period when tuition is to be refunded on a 
100 percent basis, the room and board refund will be pro rata on a daily basis. After 
the 100 percent tuition refund period, room and board refunds revert to the same 
schedule as tuition refunds. All other fees except the advanced deposit are subject 
to the refund schedule. 

The date which will be used for calculation of a refund for withdrawal or Drop/ 
Add will be the date on which the Registrar receives the official form signed by all 
required personnel. All students must follow the procedures for withdrawal and 
Drop/Add in order to receive a refund. Students are reminded that all changes in 
their academic program must be cleared through the Registrar, and arrangement 
with a professor will not be recognized as an official change of schedule. 

All tuition refund requests will be processed each semester at the conclusion 
of the fourth week of classes. Payment will take a minimum of two weeks, but will 
be no longer than 40 days. Damage deposit refunds will be processed once a year 
at the end of the spring semester. 

Refund Schedule 

In the schedule below, "class day" means any day during which the University 
conducts classes. 

Changes in schedule by the end of the 7th class day 100% 

Changes in schedule by the end of the 10th class day 75% 

Changes in schedule by the end of the 16th class day 50% 

Changes in schedule by the end of the 20th class day 25% 

In order to administer the refund policy equitably, there will be no exceptions. 

49 



Financial Obligations 



A student who has not met all financial obligations to the University will not I 

be allowed to register for courses in subsequent academic sessions; he or she will 
not be allowed to receive a degree from the University; and requests for transcripts 
will not be honored. I 



50 



Community 
Life 




Leadership Development 



Oglethorpe University seeks to prepare its students for roles of leadership in 
society. Specific educational experiences are planned to help the student acquire 
the skills of leadership. 

Education for leadership must be based on the essential academic competencies 
— reading, writing, speaking, and reasoning. Though uadely neglected today at all 
levels of education, these are the prerequisites for effective leadership. They are 
the marks of an educated person. Oglethorpe insists that its students achieve ad- 
vanced proficiency in these skills. In addition, students are offered specific prepa- 
ration in the arts of leadership. Such arts include an appreciation of constructive 
values, the setting of goals, public speaking, human relations, and organizational 
skills. 

This philosophy presents an excellent opportunity for the able young person 
who is striving for a significant life, including leadership in the improvement of 
community and society. 

Orientation and the Freshman Seminar 

Oglethorpe University wishes to provide each student with the opportunity to 
make a successful adjustment to college life. Because the University community 
takes pride in its tradition of close personal relationships, an orientation program 
has been organized to foster the development of these relationships and provide 
much needed information about the University. 

The program has been developed to assist students through small group ex- 
periences. Information is disseminated which acquaints the student with the aca- 
demic program and the extracurricular life of the campus community. Thorough 
understanding of the advising system, the registration process, library use, class 
offerings, and study demands is sought. Alternatives for self expression outside the 
classroom also are presented to the new student. 

To supplement the student's orientation experience, the Freshman Seminar is 
required during the student's first semester. 

1111. Freshman Seminar , 1 hour 

A course for entering students which focuses on study and social skills necessary 
for adjustment to college life, curriculum planning and career exploration, educa- 
tional philosophy, and the history and purposes of Oglethorpe University. 

Student Rights and Responsibilities 

Students of Oglethorpe University have specific rights and responsibilities. 
Among the rights are the right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, 
the right to the presumption of innocence and procedural fairness in the adminis- 
tration of discipline, and the right of access to personal records. 

As members of the Oglethorpe community, students have the responsibility to 
maintain high standards of conduct. They should respect the privacy and feelings 
of others, and the property of both students and the University. Students are ex- 
pected to display behavior which is not disruptive of campus life or the surrounding 

52 



community. They represent the University off campus and are expected to act in a 
law-abiding and mature fashion. Those whose actions show that they have not 
accepted this responsibility may be subject to disciplinary action as set forth in the 
University's student handbook, The Book. 



Policy on Discriminatory and Sexual Harassment 

Oglethorpe University places a high value on the dignity of the individual, on 
tolerance of and an appreciation for human diversity, and on the principles of 
academic freedom. It is the policy of the University that students and employees 
be able to work, study, and live in a campus community environment free of dis- 
criminatory harassment. Such harassment directed against an individual or group 
that is based on race, religious belief, color, sexual orientation, national origin, 
disability, age, or gender is prohibited. Any student or employee who violates this 
policy may be subject to disciplinary action up to and including dismissal from the 
University. Student organizations in violation of this policy may be subject to the 
loss of University recognition. 

Discriminatory harassment includes conduct (oral, written, graphic or physical) 
directed against any person or group of persons because of their race, color, national 
origin, religion, sex, sexual orientation, age, or handicap and that has the purpose, 
or reasonably foreseeable effect, of creating an offensive, demeaning, intimidating, 
or hostile environment for that person or group of persons. Such conduct includes, 
but is not limited to, objectionable epithets, demeaning depictions or treatment, 
and threatened or actual abuse or harm. 

In addition, sexual harassment of a student by another student, by a teacher, 
or by a staff person will not be tolerated. Any unwelcome sexual advance, requests 
for sexual favors, verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, or any verbal conduct 
that might be construed as a sexual slur that: (1) interferes with performance, or 
creates a hostile, offensive or intimidating environment and/or (2) is an expressed 
or implied condition by a teacher of evaluation or grading, will be viewed as mis- 
conduct. Such behavior may be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including 
dismissal. 

Complaints relating to misconduct as defined in this policy on discriminatory 
and sexual harassment should be reported to the Vice President for Student Affairs/ 
Dean of Community Life, the Provost, the Associate Dean of Administration, or the 
Counselor. Complaints will be carefully investigated and, when appropriate, efforts 
will be made to resolve conflicts through education, counseling, and conciliation. 
Cases that may require disciplinary action will be handled according to the estab- 
lished disciplinary procedures of the University. Complainants shall be protected 
from unfair retribution. 

Nothing in this policy statement is intended to infringe on the appropriate 
exercise of the freedom of speech. The scholarly, educational, or artistic content of 
any written, oral, or other presentation or inquiry shall not be limited by this policy. 
It is the intent of the policy statement that academic freedom be allowed to all 
members of the campus community. Accordingly, this provision will be liberally 
construed but should not be used as a pretext for violation of this policy. 

53 



The Oglethorpe Student Association 



The Oglethorpe Student Association is the guiding body for student Hfe at 
Oglethorpe University. The O.S.A. consists of two bodies: an executive council, 
composed of a president, vice president, parliamentarian, secretary, treasurer, and 
presidents of the four classes; and the senate, chaired by the vice president, and 
composed of four senators from each class. Both bodies meet regularly and the 
meetings are open to the public. Additional information can be obtained from the 
O.S.A. Office or the Student Center Office located on the upper level of the Emer- 
son Student Center. The address is Oglethorpe Student Association, 3000 Woodrow 
Way, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30319. 



Student Organizations 



Valuable educational experience may be gained through active participation 
in approved campus activities and organizations. All students are encouraged to 
participate in one or more organizations to the extent that such involvement does 
not deter them from high academic achievement. Students are especially encour- 
aged to join professional organizations associated wath their interests and goals. 

Eligibility for membership in student organizations is limited to currently en- 
rolled students. To serve as an officer of an organization, a student must be enrolled 
full time and may not be on academic or disciplinary probation. 

Recognized Student Organizations 



Accounting Club 

Adam Smith Society 

Alcohol and Health Awareness 

Committee 
Alpha Chi-National Academic 

Honorary 
Alpha Phi Omega-National Service 

Fraternity 
Alpha Psi Omega-Drama Honorary 
Ambassadors 
Amnesty International- 

Oglethorpe Chapter 
Beta Omicron Sigma- 

Business Honorary 
Black Student Caucus 
B.S.T.V. (Bomb Shelter Television) 
Catholic Student Association 
Chess Club 

Chiaroscuro-Student Art Organization 
College Democrats 
College Republicans 



ECOS, Environmentally Concerned 

Oglethorpe Students 
English Club 
Executive Round Table 
French Club 
German Club 
International Club 
OAT, Oglethorpe Academic Team 
Oglethorpe Brass Ensemble 
Oglethorpe Christian Fellowship 
Oglethorpe Cycling Club 
Oglethorpe Dancers 
Oglethorpe Gay and Lesbian 

Association 
Oglethorpe Recorder Ensemble 
Oglethorpe Stage Band 
Oglethorpe Students for Choice 
Omicron Delta Kappa - National 

Leadership Honorary 
Orient Club 
Phi Alpha Theta-National History 

Honorary 



54 



Phi Eta Sigma-Freshman Academic Sigma Zeta- 

Honorary National Science Honorary 
The Playmakers, Oglethorpe University Society of Physics Students - 

Theatre Oglethorpe Chapter 

Politics and Pre-Law Association Spanish Club 

Pre-Medical Association The Stormy PetrelSi\idtn\. Newspaper 

Psi Chi-Psychology Honorary Student Affiliates of the American 

Psychology and Sociology Club Chemical Society 

Public Affairs Forum Student Education Association 

Residence Hall Association Thalian Society - Philosophical 

Rotaract Club Discussion Group 

Sigma Pi Sigma- The Tozti^r-Literary Magazine 

National Physics Honorary University Chorale 

Sigma Tau Delta- University Singers 

English Honorary The Yamacraw 

Young Professionals Club 

Fraternities and Sororities 

Four fraternities and two sororities contribute to the Greek system at Ogle- 
thorpe. 

The four fraternities are Chi Phi,. Delta Sigma Phi, Kappa Alpha, and Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon. The national sororities are Chi Omega and Sigma Sigma Sigma. 

These social organizations strive to contribute substantially to the spiritual and 
social betterment of the individual and develop college into a richer, fuller experi- 
ence. Membership in these organizations is voluntary and subject to regulations 
established by the Interfraternity Council, the Panhellenic Council, and the Dean 
of Community Life. 

Athletics 

At Oglethorpe University the students who participate in intercollegiate ath- 
letic competition are considered to be students first and athletes second. The Uni- 
versity is an active member of the Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference (SCAC) 
and Division III of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Members 
of Division III may not award financial aid (other than academic honor awards) to 
any student-athlete, except upon a showing of financial need by the recipient. Og- 
lethorpe provides a program of Oglethorpe Scholars Awards, which is described in 
the Financial Assistance section of this Bulletin. Many students who are interested 
in sports and are superior academically do qualify for this form of assistance. 

The University offers intercollegiate competition in basketball, baseball, soccer, 
cross-country, tennis, and track and field for men; and in soccer, basketball, volley- 
ball, cross-country, tennis, and track and field for women. The Stormy Petrels com- 
pete against other SCAC schools, including Trinity University, Millsaps College, 
Rhodes College, University of the South, Fisk University, Hendrix College, and 
Centre College. The Petrels also challenge teams from schools outside the SCAC, 
such as Emory University and Hampden-Sydney College. 

In addition to intercollegiate competition, a well-rounded program of intra- 
mural sports is offered and has strong participation by the student body. In recent 

55 



years about half of the full-time Oglethorpe students participated in one or more 
intramural sports. 

Men and women participate in badminton, basketball, flag football, softball, 
table tennis, and volleyball. 

Cultural Opportunities on Campus 

There are numerous cultural opportunities for students outside the classroom. 
The University Program Committee sponsors concerts, theatrical productions, 
poetry readings, and lectures by visiting scholars. The University Singers perform 
frequently during the year, including seasonal events. They often feature guest 
artists. The University Museum, on the third floor of Philip Weltner Library, spon- 
sors exhibitions as well as lectures on associated subjects and frequent concerts in 
the museum. The Playmakers also stage several productions each year. Two annual 
events, the Oglethorpe Night of the Arts and International Night, provide a show- 
case for campus talent. The former presents student literary, musical, and visual 
arts. The latter features international cuisine and entertainment. The Georgia 
Shakespeare Festival which takes place on campus during the summer, is also a 
valuable cultural asset to the Oglethorpe community. 

Internships and Cooperative Education 

Experiential off-campus learning is a major component of the educational pro- 
cess at Oglethorpe. Beginning in the sophomore year, students can opt to further 
refine their career plans through cooperative education and internships. These pro- 
grams provide practical experience to complement the academic program, as well 
as give students the opportunity to test the reality of their career decisions and 
gain work experience in their major fields of interest. 

Cooperative education and internship experiences are available to students in 
all academic programs. Opportunities are possible in business, government, edu- 
cation, public relations, publishing, social services, and health care institutions. 

Counseling 

Counseling and referrals for professional services are available to students 
experiencing psychological or social problems. Special programs are conducted on 
campus to provide information and promote development in leadership skills, in- 
terpersonal relationships, and physical and mental health. Though academic advis- 
ing is the responsibility of individually assigned faculty advisers, students 
encountering unusual difficulties may wish to consult the Counselor regarding pos- 
sible contributing factors. 

Referrals to the University Chaplain for pastoral counseling are made at the 
request of a student. 

Career Planning and Placement 

The Career Planning and Placement Office offers a four-year program of career 
development for students whose goals are an awareness of career and lifestyle 
options, the ability to make informed career decisions, and the development of job 

56 



search strategies. The office helps students attain these goals by providing individual 
counseling, interest inventories and self-assessment aids (including SIGI-PLUS, a 
computer assisted career guidance program), workshops on career fields and deci- 
sion-making as well as job-search workshops on such topics as resume writing and 
interviewing techniques. 

In addition, a number of prospective employers and graduate schools send 
recruiters to the campus each year for the purpose of conducting on-campus inter- 
views. Current information on permanent, summer, and part-time job opportunities 
is made available to students and alumni. A career information library containing 
information on a wide variety of companies and career opportunities also is main- 
tained. 



Opportunities in Atlanta 



Oglethorpe is located eight miles from downtown Atlanta and just two miles 
from the city's largest shopping center. A nearby rapid transit station makes trans- 
portation quick and efficient. This proximity to the Southeast's most vibrant city 
offers students a great variety of cultural and entertainment opportunities. There 
are numerous excellent restaurants and clubs in nearby Buckhead. Downtown At- 
lanta offers professional baseball, football, and basketball to sports fans as well as 
frequent popular concerts. The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra performs from Sep- 
tember through May in the Memorial Arts Center. The Atlanta Ballet Company's 
season is October through May. The Alliance Theatre Company and many smaller 
companies present productions of contemporary and classical plays. The High 
Museum of Art hosts major traveling exhibitions in addition to its permanent col- 
lection. Student discounts are often available. 



Housing and Meals 



The residence halls are available to all full-time day students. There are four 
men's residence halls and three women's halls. Each complex has a Resident 
Director and a staff of student Resident Assistants. 

All students living in the residence halls are required to participate in the 
University meal plan. Meals are served in the Emerson Student Center. Nineteen 
meals are served each week. No breakfast is served on Saturday or Sunday. Instead 
a brunch is served from mid-morning until early afternoon. The evening meal is 
also served on these days. Meal tickets are issued at registration. 



Health Service 



All resident students subscribe to a Student Accident and Sickness Insurance 
Plan provided by the University. Full-time students living off campus may purchase 
this insurance. International students and students participating in all intercolle- 
giate sports and intramural football are required to enroll in the Insurance Plan or 
have equivalent coverage. A brochure is available at the Student Health Center 
that describes the coverages provided by the plan. 

The University maintains a small health center staffed by a registered nurse. 
The center operates on a regular schedule and provides basic first aid and limited 
medical assistance for students. 



57 



A physician visits the health center twice a week to make general diagnosis 
and treatment. In the event additional or major medical care is required, the stu- 
dent-patient will be referred to medical specialists and hospitals in the area with 
which the health service maintains a working relationship. 

When it is determined that a student's physical or emotional health is detri- 
mental to his or her academic studies, group-living situation, or other relationships 
at the University or in the community, the student will be requested to withdraw. 
Readmission to the University will be contingent upon acceptable verification that 
the student is ready to return. The final decision will rest with the University. 

International Student Services 

The Foreign Student Office, which is located in the Emerson Student Center, 
exists to meet the needs of international students. Through a specially designed 
orientation program and ongoing contacts, the new foreign student is assisted in 
the process of adjustment to life at an American college. Special tours, host family 
programs, and social occasions are available to ensure that students can benefit 
fully from cross-cultural experiences. The Foreign Student Adviser helps students 
with questions related to their immigration status. 

The O Book 

The Book is the student's guide to Oglethorpe University. It contains thorough 
information on the history, customs, traditional events, and services of the Univer- 
sity, as well as University regulations. This handbook outlines the policies for rec- 
ognition, membership eligibility, and leadership positions for campus student 
organizations and publications. 

Honors 

Presented at the May Commencement 

The Sally Hull Weltner Award for Scholarship: This award is presented to 
the student in the graduating class who has the highest grade-point average on 
work completed at Oglethorpe among the students graduating with academic 
honors. 

The Faculty Award for Scholarship: This award is presented to the student 
in the graduating class who has the second highest grade-point average on work 
completed at Oglethorpe among the students graduating with academic honors. 

The James Edward Oglethorpe Awards: Commonly called the "Oglethorpe 
Cups," these are presented annually to the man and woman in the graduating class 
who, in the opinion of the faculty, have excelled in both scholarship and service. 

Continuing Education Award: This award is presented to the continuing 
education student in the graduating class who has the highest grade-point average 
on work completed at Oglethorpe among continuing education students and who 
has completed at least 45 semester hours of course work in residence. 

Phi Beta Kappa Award: This award is presented by the faculty and staff 
members of Phi Beta Kappa to the graduating student who, in their judgment has 
demonstrated outstanding scholarly qualities. 

58 



President's Leadership Prize: The President of the University presents this 
prize to a graduating student who has excelled in leadership accomplishments. 

Presented at the Honors and Awards Program 

Alpha Chi Award: This is an annual award made to the member of the student 
body who best exemplifies the ideals of Alpha Chi in scholarship, leadership, char- 
acter, and service. 

Alpha Phi Omega Service Award: This award is presented by Alpha Phi 
Omega fraternity to the student, faculty, or staff member who best exemplifies the 
organization's three-fold purposes of leadership, friendship, and service. 

Alpha Psi Omega Rookie Award: This award is presented annually to the 
outstanding new member of The Playmakers. 

Brinker Award: This award is made possible by Reverend Albert J. Brinker in 
memory of his son and daughter, Albert Jan Brinker, Jr. and Sally Stone Brinker, 
to the student having the highest achievement in the courses of philosophy and 
religion. 

Brown Award: This award is presented to the individual who, though not a 
member of The Playmakers, has done the most for The Playmakers during the year. 

Charles M. MacConnell Award: This award honors a former member of the 
faculty and is presented by the sophomore class to the senior who, in the judgment 
of the class, has participated in many phases of campus life without having received 
full recognition. 

Charles L. Towers, Sr. Award for Excellence: This award is presented an- 
nually to the outstanding student in the field of economics and business adminis- 
tration. The award honors the father of Charles L. Towers, a Trustee Emeritus of 
the University. 

Continuing Education Achievement Award: This award is presented to the 
continuing education student who has demonstrated high academic achievement 
along with significant accomplishments in the community and at work. 

Deans' Award for Outstanding Achievement: This award is presented an- 
nually to a campus club, organization, or society which, in the opinion of the Dean 
of Community Life and the Provost, has contributed most to University life. 

Donald C. Agnew Award for Distinguished Service: This award is presented 
annually by the Oglethorpe Student Association and chosen by that body to honor 
the person who, in their opinion, has given distinguished service to the University. 
Dr. Agnew served as President of Oglethorpe University from 1957 to 1964. 

Financial Executives Institute Award: This award is presented annually by 
the Atlanta Chapter of The Financial Executives Institute to a student of superior 
academic performance in the field of business administration. 

Freshman Honor Awards: Certificates of recognition are presented to fresh- 
men who have achieved a 3.5 or higher grade-point average during their first 
semester of full-time enrollment. 

Georgia Society of Certified Public Accountants Award: This award is pre- 
sented annually to the student of highest academic achievement in the field of 
accounting. 

International Club Appreciation Award: This award is presented annually 
to the student who has contributed most significantly to the activities of the Inter- 
national Club. 



59 



Intramural Sports Awards: These awards are presented to the leading teams 
and individual athletes in men's and women's intramural competition. 

LeConte Award: The most outstanding student graduating with a major in 
one of the natural sciences or mathematics, as determined by the faculty in the 
Division of Science and Mathematics, is recognized with this award. 

Leo Bilancio Award: This award, created in memory of Professor Leo Bilancio, 
a member of the Oglethorpe history faculty from 1958 to 1989, is given annually 
by the Oglethorpe Student Association to a graduating senior who has been an 
outstanding student of history or political studies. 

National Collegiate Band Awards: These awards are presented annually to 
students who have exhibited excellence in the performance of instrumental music. 

Oglethorpe Poet Laureate: This award was first instituted by Mrs. Idalee 
Vonk, wife of former President Paul Vonk, and is an honor that is bestowed upon 
a freshman, sophomore, or junior who presents the best written work to The Tower 
for competition. 

Omicron Delta Kappa Freshman Award: This award is made by Omicron 
Delta Kappa to the student in the freshman class who most fully exemplifies the 
ideals of this organization. 

Outstanding Male and Female Varsity Athletes of the Year Award: These 
awards are made annually to the outstanding male and female students participat- 
ing in varsity sports. 

Outstanding Senior in Politics: This award is given annually to the gradu- 
ating senior, majoring in politics, who, in the judgment of the faculty, does the most 
sophisticated work in upper-level classes within the discipline. 

Psychology Award: The outstanding senior majoring in psychology is honored 
with this award. 

Publications Awards: Notable contributors to The Tower, The Stormy Petrel and 
The Yamacraw are recognized with these awards. 

Rotaract Award: This award is presented to the junior or senior who best 
exemplifies the Rotary ideals of service above self, and international understanding. 

Sidney Lanier Prize: This award is given yearly to the student, or students, 
submitting excellent poetry to campus publications. 

Sociology Award: The outstanding senior majoring in sociology is honored 
with this award. 

Student Education Association Award: Through the presentation of this 
award, members of this organization honor a student who has excelled in the field 
of teacher education. 

Teacher Education Senior Award: This award is presented annually to a 
leading senior student in the field of education. 

University Singers Awards: These awards are presented annually to students 
who have exhibited excellence in the performance of choral music. 

Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities: This honor is given in 
recognition of the merit and accomplishments of students who are formally rec- 
ommended by a committee of students, faculty, and administrators, and who meet 
the requirements of the publication Who's Who Among Students in American Colleges 
and Universities. 



60 



Academic Regulations 
and Policies 




Registration 



New students select courses in consultation with faculty advisers to whom they 
are assigned on their initial registration day. Schedule planning and course selection 
for following semesters are accomplished during preregistration week. Students 
should make appointments to consult with their academic advisers during pre- 
registration. Full-time students wishing to participate in the University Center in 
Georgia Cross Registration program (see Cross Registration in the section Pro- 
grams of Study in this Bulletin) also should select courses during the preregistration 
week of the fall and spring semesters. Summer schedules are planned during prer- 
egistration week in the spring semester. 

The official registration period precedes the first day of classes. Every student 
must complete the various steps of the registration process during this period. Those 
who have preregistered are able to pick up a copy of their course schedule at the 
first station of registration and thereby bypass the station at which proposed course 
schedules are computer-processed by Registrar's Office personnel. All other stations 
must be completed by preregistered students. 



Academic Advising 



Each student consults with a member of the faculty in preparing course sched- 
ules, discussing post-graduation plans, and inquiring about any other academic 
matter. A student's adviser or "mentor" is assigned at the time of the student's 
initial enrollment. The faculty adviser is each student's primary point of contact 
with the University. 

To change advisers a student must complete the following procedural steps: 

1. Ask the proposed "new" faculty adviser for permission to be added to the 
faculty member's advisee list. 

2. Ask the current adviser to send his or her student file to the faculty member 
who has agreed to be the student's new adviser. 

3. Ascertain that the new adviser has received the file and has sent an Adviser 
Change notice to the Registrar's Office. 

This is the only method for changing academic advisers. 

When the student decides on a major field, he or she should change advisers, 
if necessary, to a faculty member who has teaching responsibilities in the student's 
major field. 



Attendance 



Regular attendance at class sessions, laboratories, examinations, and official 
University convocations is an obligation which all students are expected to fulfill. 
Faculty members set specific attendance policies in their course syllabi. 



Grading 



Faculty members report letter grades for students at the end of each semester. 
These grades become part of the student's official record. Once entered, a grade 
may not be changed except by means of an officially executed Change of Grade 
form. 



62 



A student's cumulative grade-point average (GPA) is calculated by dividing the 
number of semester hours of work the student has attempted into the total number 
of quality points earned. 

The letter grades used at Oglethorpe are defined as follows: 













Quality 




Numerical 


Grade 

A 




Meaning 

Superior 






Points 

4 




Equivalent 

90-100 


B 




Good 






3 




80-89 


C 
D 




Satisfactory 
Passing 






2 

1 




70-79 
60-69 


F 




Failure 











Below 60 


FA 




Failure: Excessive Absences* 











W 




Withdrew** 













WF 




Withdrew Failing* 













I 
8 
U 
AU 




Incomplete*** 
Satisfactory**** 
Unsatisfactory* 
Audit (no credit) 














70 or higher 


Notes: 


* 


— Grade has same effect 


as < 


in "F" 


on the GPA. 






** 


— Grade has no effect on 


the 


; GPA; 


no credit 


awarded. 




*** 








n tVip OPA 


Tf ^ 





to complete the work for a course on time for reasons of health, 
family tragedy, or other circumstances the instructor deems 
appropriate, the grade "F' may be assigned. In such cases, the 
instructor and student shall draw up a contract indicating specif- 
ically the work the student must complete as well as a date by 
which the work will be submitted, and the grade which will be 
given if the student fails to complete that work. After the student 
has read and signed the contract, it shall be filed with the Regis- 
trar as promptly as the circumstances permit. 
**** —Grade has no effect on the GPA; credit is awarded. 
Only work completed at Oglethorpe is reflected in the Oglethorpe GPA. 

SatisfactoryAJnsatisfactory Option 

After 30 semester hours are earned at Oglethorpe a student in good academic 
standing may register to take two courses (internships and Science Seminar ex- 
cluded) on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis. These courses cannot be taken in the 
same semester and cannot be used to satisfy requirements of the core or the stu- 
dent's major or minor. The student must register for the SatisfactoryAJnsatisfactory 
designation by the end of the Drop/Add period after which the SatisfactoryAJnsat- 
isfactory designation cannot be changed. Satisfactory is defined as a "C" or better. 



Auditing Courses 



Regularly admitted Oglethorpe students may register for courses on an "audit" 
basis. A student who audits a course may attend the course for enrichment but is 
not required to take course examinations or complete other course requirements. 



63 



In order to audit a course, a student must request an Audit form from the Regis- 
trar's Office and submit it to the instructor of the course he or she intends to audit. 
If the class is not closed, the instructor may accept the student as an audit by 
returning the signed form to the Registrar's Office. The grade awarded for a class 
taken on an audit basis is "AU," and no credits or quality points are earned. 

Students may register to take courses on an audit basis only during the normal 
time for dropping and adding courses. The fees for auditing courses are published 
by the Business Office. 



Dean's List 



Students who earn a semester grade-point average of 3.5 or higher carrying 14 
semester hours or more during the fall or spring semester are placed on the Dean's 
Academic Honors List. 



Graduation Requirements 



To earn a baccalaureate degree from the University the following requirements 
must be met: 

1. Completion of 120 semester hours of course credit with an Oglethorpe 
cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 or higher. 

2. Completion at Oglethorpe of 30 of the last 60 semester hours of course 
credit immediately preceding graduation. Courses taken at University Cen- 
ter institutions on a cross-registration basis count as Oglethorpe courses for 
the purpose of meeting this residency requirement. 

3. Satisfaction of core requirements and major field or dual degree require- 
ments (see appropriate disciplinary headings for descriptions). 

4. Submission of an application for graduation to the Registrar's Office by 
mid-October prior to completion of degree requirements the following 
December, May, or August. 

5. Satisfaction of all financial and other obligations to the University and pay- 
ment of a graduation fee. 

6. Participation in assessments of competencies gained and curricular effec- 
tiveness by completing standardized or other tests and surveys. The Aca- 
demic Profile test is administered during the first week of classes in August 
and in January. 

7. Receipt of formal faculty approval for graduation. 

Graduation exercises are held twice a year at Oglethorpe — in May and in 
August. Diplomas are awarded at these ceremonies. 

Master of Arts degree candidates are referred to the Division \T section of this 
Bulletin for a description of degree requirements and other academic regulations 
which pertain to the graduate program. 



6* 



Good Standing, Probation and 
Academic Dismissal 



To be in good standing students must achieve the cumulative grade-point 
averages specified below in relation to the number of semester hours they have 
completed. 

Cumulative GPA Required 
Semester Hours Completed for Good Standing 

0-35 1.50 

36-65 1.75 

66 and above 2.00 

Students who fail to achieve good standing are placed on probation. 
Students who do not achieve good standing for two consecutive semesters (poor 
performance in summer sessions excluded) are subject to dismissal from the Uni- 
versity for academic reasons. However, successful completion of summer classes 
taken at Oglethorpe may be used to achieve good academic standing. 

New students, freshmen or transfer students who fail all courses during their 
first semester at Oglethorpe are subject to dismissal, unless the student received a 
"W" in all courses or had to withdraw from all courses for medical reasons. 

Students who have been dismissed for academic reasons may be readmitted 
after an absence of one spring or fall semester upon petition to the Provost. Students 
readmitted by petition must achieve good standing by the end of their second 
semester as readmitted students or be dismissed permanently. 



Degrees 



Oglethorpe offers four degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor 
of Business Administration, and Master of Arts. For the Bachelor of Arts degree 
the following majors are offered: American Studies, Business Administration and 
Behavioral Sciences, Communications, Economics, Education (Early Childhood, 
Middle Grades, and Secondary with concentrations available in English, Mathe- 
matics, Science, and Social Studies), English, History, Individually Planned Major, 
International Studies, Philosophy, Political Studies, Psychology, Sociology, and So- 
ciology-Social Work. For the Bachelor of Science degree the following majors are 
offered: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Mathematics and Computer Science, 
Medical Technology, and Physics. For the Bachelor of Business Administration de- 
gree, majors are offered in Accounting, Business Administration, Business Admin- 
istration and Computer Science, and Economics. 

The Master of Arts degree is offered only in the field of education with con- 
centrations in Early Childhood or Middle Grades education (see the Division VI 
section of this Bulletin). 

Under certain conditions it is also possible for a student to receive a degree 
from Oglethorpe under the Professional Option. Through this arrangement and in 
accord with regulations of the University, the student may transfer to an accredited 
professional institution, such as law school, dental school, or medical school, at the 
end of the junior year and then, after one year in the professional school, receive a 
degree from Oglethorpe. Students interested in this possibility should consult with 
their advisers to make certain that all conditions are met. 



65 



Degrees With Academic Honors 



Degrees with honors are awarded as follows: cum laude for a cumulative grade- 
point average of 3.5 or higher; magna cum laude for 3.7 or higher; and summa cum 
laude for 3.9 or higher. 

The academic requirements for honors must be met on all work completed at 
Oglethorpe and on all the combined work taken at Oglethorpe and at other insti- 
tutions, if that work is presented in satisfaction of degree requirements. 

To be eligible for academic honors, the student must have completed 60 or 
more semester hours at Oglethorpe. See also. Honors Program. 

Earning a Second Add-On Major 

Students who have been awarded an Oglethorpe baccalaureate degree may 
earn a second major within that degree at the University. Upon completion of the 
requirements, the second major will be entered on the student's record and tran- 
script. No diploma will be awarded since the second major is within the degree 
already awarded. The requirements are: 

1. Completion of an additional 30 semester hours of which a minimum of 15 
must be completed at Oglethorpe. 

2. Maintenance of a 2.0 or higher cumulative grade-point average. 

3. Completion of a major other than the major(s) completed at the time the 
first degree was awarded. 

Earning a Second Baccalaureate Degree 

Students who have completed a baccalaureate degree may be awarded a second 
and different baccalaureate degree. Upon completion of the requirements, the stu- 
dent's record and transcript will reflect the conferring of a second degree and a 
diploma will be awarded. 

For students who earned their first baccalaureate degree at Oglethorpe, the 
same requirements listed above apply. 

For students who have earned their first baccalaureate degree at another in- 
stitution, this degree is treated as transfer credit. Up to a maximum of 90 semester 
hours may be accepted at Oglethorpe. The requirements for the second degree are: 

1. Satisfaction of Oglethorpe core requirements. 

2. Completion of a minimum of 30 semester hours at Oglethorpe. 

3. Maintenance of a 2.0 or higher cumulative grade-point average. 

4. Completion of a major other than the major(s) completed at the time the 
first degree was awarded. 



Student Classification 



For administrative and other official and extra-official purposes, undergraduate 
students are classified according to the number of semester hours successfully com- 
pleted. Classification is as follows: to 30 hours — freshman; 31 to 60 hours — 
sophomore; 61 to 90 hours — junior; 91 hours and above — senior. 



66 



Normal Academic Load 



Two semesters — fall and spring — constitute the regular academic year. 
Several day and evening sessions also are offered in the summer. 

A normal academic program at Oglethorpe consists of no less than four courses 
each semester, but generally five courses are taken, giving the student a total of 12 
to 16 semester hours. Regular students in the day classes are expected to carry a 
normal load and to pay for a full schedule of courses. 

An overload (more than 16 semester hours) is allowed for seniors and students 
with a 3.0 or higher cumulative grade-point average. A student taking an overload 
must be sure to have his or her adviser's approval and signature on the registration 
form. The absolute upper limit is 18 hours per semester. 

Withdrawal From the University 

Students who wish to withdraw from the University during a semester are asked 
to complete the appropriate form, which is available at the Registrar's Office. The 
grade "W" or "WF" will be assigned for courses in progress, depending upon the 
student's academic progress in those courses. 



Withdrawal From a Course 



From the conclusion of Drop/Add period through midsemester or the middle 
of a mini or summer session, the grade "W" or "WF" is assigned at the instructor's 
discretion to a student who withdraws from a course (turns in a properly executed 
withdrawal form at the Registrar's Office). After that time the grade "WF" is 
assigned. Only in the case of prolonged illness (a physician's letter must be sub- 
mitted directly to the Registrar's Office) or withdrawal from the University will a 
"W" be assigned. 

In the case of an emergency departure from the campus as a result of which 
withdrawal forms have not been executed, the Registrar's Office verifies that the 
student has left campus as a result of an emergency and notifies instructors. In- 
structors may elect to assign a "W" in such a case even if it occurs after midsemester 
or midsession. 



Repetition of Courses 



Courses may be repeated only if an unsatisfactory grade (D, F, FA, or WF) was 
received in the course. When a course is repeated, both grades are calculated into 
the student's grade-point average, but no additional semester hours of credit are 
earned. 

For courses completed prior to 1984, consult the Registrar for applicable reg- 
ulations. 



Honor Code 



1 Preamble 

Persons who come to Oglethorpe University for work and study join a com- 
munity that is committed to high standards of academic honesty. The Honor Code 
contains the responsibilities students and faculty accept by becoming members of 



67 



the community and the procedures to be followed should this commitment to hon- 
esty be broken. 

The students and faculty of Oglethorpe University expect each other to be 
truthful in the academic endeavor they share. Faculty assume students complete 
work honestly and act toward them in ways consistent with that assumption. 

Oglethorpe welcomes all who accept these principles of honest behavior. Mem- 
bers of the community believe that this Code will enrich life at the University and 
promote the practice of honorable, self-governed lives expected of society's leaders. 

2 Pledge 

Students pledge that they have completed assignments honestly by attaching 
the following statement to each test, paper, overnight work, in-class essay, or other 
work designated by the professor: 

I pledge that I have neither given nor received any 

unauthorized aid on this assignment. 

Signed 

It will be the responsibility of the class instructor to provide these pledges by 
either attaching them on a separate sheet or typing them as part of the assignment. 
The instructor also should remind the class to sign the pledge. 

3 Faculty 

Since it is assumed that students act according to their pledge, faculty abstain 
from any practices whose purpose is to ascertain that students have been dishonest. 
Instructors invite their own students to discuss with them actions or policies that 
appear to be at variance with the assumption of honesty. 

4 Jurisdiction 

All credit courses offered by the University are covered by the Honor System, 
and all cases of suspected academic dishonesty will be handled in accordance with 
its provisions. It is the responsibility of faculty members to make clear how the 
System applies to specific courses and to follow its procedures. Alternative ways of 
dealing with cases are not to be used. 

5 Definitions 

5.1 Cheating 

1. The unauthorized use of notes, texts, or other such materials during an 
examination. 

2. Copying another person's work or participation in such an effort. 

3. An attempt or participation in an attempt to fulfill the requirements of a 
course with work other than one's original work for that course. Students 
have the responsibility of avoiding participation in cheating incidents by 
doing their own work, taking precautions against others copying their work, 
and in general neither giving nor receiving aid. 

5.2 Plagiarism 

Plagiarism includes representing someone else's words, ideas, data, or original 
research as one's own, and in general failing to footnote or otherwise acknowledge 
the source of such work. One has the responsibility of avoiding plagiarism by taking 

68 



adequate notes on reference materials used in the preparation of reports, papers, 
and other course work. 



6 Honor Councils 

6.1 Composition 

At the beginning of each academic year, two Honor Councils shall be appointed, 
each consisting of five students, two faculty members, and a non-voting Secretary 
with terms as indicated: 

1 Freshman (one-year term) 
I Sophomore (one-year term) 

1 Junior (two-year term) 

2 Seniors (one selected as Junior in prior year) 
2 Faculty members (two-year terms, staggered) 

1 Secretary of the Councils (University Registrar) 

The two Honor Councils will alternate in hearing cases, each serving as an 
appeal board for cases originally decided by the other when called upon to do so. 

6.2 Quorum 

Six members constitute a quorum. 

6.3 Officers 

The officers of the Councils will be: 
Presiding Officer - the ranking Senior 
Secretary - the University Registrar 

6.4 Selection 

Student and faculty members of the Councils will be selected randomly. All 
full-time faculty members are eligible for selection. All degree-seeking students (day 
or evening) are eligible. Members of both Honor Councils and three alternates for 
each shall be selected randomly by the Registrar from a list of those eligible. After 
being informed of the duties of Council members, students and faculty shall be 
given the opportunity to decline to serve. On any given case, Honor Council mem- 
bers may decline to serve when they believe that personal interests might interfere 
with their impartiality in deciding the case. 

6.4.1 Fall and Spring Terms 

Formation of the Councils by random selection will be completed in the fall by 
September 15. The terms are for fall and spring semesters, but if a Council member 
does not return for spring semester, new selections will be made to fill any unexpired 
terms. 

6.4.2 Summer Term 

There will be only one Honor Council for the summer semester. Its student 
members will be randomly selected from those students who served on the regular 
academic year Councils and who attend during the summer semester. Any appeals 
of Honor Council actions will be deferred until the beginning of the fall semester. 
(See Section 8 on Appeals below.) Vacancies will be filled by new random selections 
after preregistration for summer and fall semesters. Tuition for one three-hour 
course will be remitted for each Council member serving in the summer. 

69 



The terms of faculty members extend through the summer if they teach in the 
summer session. The Provost will fill any vacancies with selections from the full- 
time faculty teaching in the summer session. 

7 Procedures 

7.1 Reporting 

It is the responsibility of all students and faculty to report suspected violations 
of the Honor System. Students may report either to the professor of the class in 
which the suspected violation occurs or to the Registrar (Secretary of the Councils). 
Forms for reporting violations will be included in orientation materials and in The 
Book. A signed form in the hands of the Secretary constitutes a report of a 
suspected violation. 

7.2 Preliminary Investigation 

Upon receiving a report of a suspected violation, the Secretary informs the 
professor in the class, the Presiding Officer of the Council, and the alleged offender. 
The officers of the Council (Presiding Officer and Secretary) and the ranking faculty 
member constitute an Investigatory Panel, which conducts a preliminary investi- 
gation to ascertain whether there is sufficient evidence of a violation to warrant a 
trial. If the evidence appears to be convincing, the Panel charges the suspected 
offender and the Secretary assembles the Council for a trial. Anyone reporting a 
suspected violation remains anonymous to all except the Investigatory Panel until 
it is determined that a trial will be held. Then the person reporting the violation 
will appear at the trial in the presence of the alleged offender. 

7.3 Trial 

7.3.1 Rights of the Accused 

1. The right to be notified of all charges as expeditiously as possible (and, in 
any event, within two business days) once the Investigatory Panel has de- 

/ termined that a trial should occur. 

2. Upon being charged by the Investigatory Panel, the right to a trial within 
the following 10 business days. 

3. The right to be accompanied by two advisers of the accused's choosing, who 
may be any member of the University community. The advisers may act on 
behalf of the accused in all matters of procedure, such as cross-examination, 
calling of witnesses, etc. 

4. The right to enter a plea. In the event of a guilty plea, any and all rights 
regarding the calling of character witnesses, the offering of a closing state- 
ment, and other pertinent procedures shall not be abridged. 

5. The right to offer opening and closing statements, cross-examine witnesses, 
call material witnesses and no more than two character witnesses. 

6. The right to be present, together with advisers, during the entirety of the 
trial. However, disruptive behavior may result in expulsion, at the discretion 
of the Presiding Officer. 

7. The right to challenge the impartiality of any specific member(s) of the 
Council, providing that such charges can be substantiated. 

8. The right to testify in one's own behalf. Should this option be exercised, 
the accused has the obligation to answer honestly any and all questions put 
to him or her. One can refuse to answer only for reasons of self-incrimi- 
nation, in which event the reason must be so stated. Refusal to answer on 
grounds of self-incrimination will not in itself be taken as evidence of guilt. 

70 



9. The right to be free from inference of guilt if the option to testify for one's 
self is not exercised. 

10. The right to a written transcript of the proceedings. 

1 1. In the event of a not guilty verdict, the right to be free from retrial for the 
same incident. 

12. The right to attend any and all University classes, events, and functions 
prior to a verdict. 

13. The right to separate trials for joint alleged offenders. 

14. Under certain circumstances, the right to appeal an adverse decision. Pro- 
cedures and criteria relating to an appeal are specified below under Appeals. 

15. The right to absolute confidentiality of all participants. 

16. The right to be judged in a manner consistent with the penalty. For cases 
involving punitive lowering of a grade in a course, guilt must be proven 
only by a preponderance of the evidence. For cases carrying the penalty of 
expulsion, guilt must be proved beyond a reasonable doubt. In any event, 
the complainant has the burden of proof. 

17. Evidence obtained through an illegal search shall not be admitted. 

7.3.2 Rights Listed Not Exhaustive 

The rights listed above under Rights of the Accused shall not be construed as 
exhaustive. 

7.3.3 Rights Not Accorded 

1. Formal rules of evidence shall not be in effect. All pertinent matters shall 
be admitted into evidence, including circumstantial evidence and hearsay, 
the values of which shall be weighted accordingly. 

2. The defendant does not have the right to be represented by professional 
legal counsel during the hearing. 

3. Affidavits are not admissible under any circumstances. 

4. Any evidence that the accused, or any party acting on his or her behalf, has 
threatened, accosted, or otherwise intimidated his or her accuser or any 
adverse witness prior to the verdict, shall be admissible evidence and shall 
be construed as a most serious breach of conduct. 

7.3.4 Evidence and Witnesses 

1. Upon receipt of a call for a trial by the Investigatory Panel, the Secretary of 
the Councils shall summon the prosecution witnesses. 

2. It will be the responsibility of the accused to summon witnesses to testify on 
his or her behalf. 

3. Nonmaterial witnesses (i.e. character witnesses) shall be limited to two. 

4. The accused may have two advisers from the University community. 

5. The accused and/or the accused's advisers may question all witnesses and 
have the right to cross-examination. 

6. A witness shall not be present during the testimony of other witnesses. 

7.3.5 Specification of Offense 

By the end of the trial, the Council wall have found the accused to be either 
innocent or guilty of one of the following offenses: 

71 



1. One instance of unplanned, unpremeditated cheating 

2. Premeditated dishonesty involving some act of prior planning 

3. Aiding another while not enrolled in course in which the act of dishonesty 
occurs 

4. A continuing pattern of premeditated subversion of the System 

7.3.6 Voting 

Voting of the Honor Councils shall be by secret ballots, which will be counted 
by the Presiding Officer. Guilt or innocence will be decided by a two-thirds vote. 

7.4 Penalties 

If the Council determines that a student has committed one of the four offenses 
listed above in Specification of Offense, it will assess the following penalties: 

1. Unpremeditated cheating Lowering of grade in course by letter 

2. Premeditated dishonesty "F" in the course 

3. Aid while not enrolled Suspension for the next full semester 

4. Continuing subversion Permanent expulsion 

Under 3 in 7.3.5 above, if the offense occurs during one's last semester, his or 

her graduation will be delayed one full (fall or spring) semester. Also, the penalty 
for any second offense is permanent expulsion. 

7.5 Reporting of Verdict 

If the determination of the Honor Council is that a student violated the Honor 
Code, the student shall be informed that the decision of the Honor Council is final 
unless within two business days the student so charged makes a written request to 
the Secretary of the Honor Councils for an appeal hearing, stating why the student 
believes justice was not done. 

8 Appeals 

8.1 Jurisdiction 

The alternate Honor Council acting as an Appeal Board of the Honor Code 
shall have the following jurisdiction: 

1. To review the justice and procedure of the original Honor Council hearing. 
If it can be proven that the Honor Council which originally heard the case 
deviated substantially from the hearing procedure of the Honor Code, the 
defendant has a right to a new hearing. 

2. To consider any new evidence and to decide on the basis of that evidence 
whether or not a new hearing is warranted. 

3. If one is warranted, to hold a new hearing in accordance with the provisions 
of Procedures below. 

8.2 Procedures 

Upon receipt of a request for an appeal hearing, the Secretary of the Councils 
shall notify the alternate Council (i.e., the Council which did not hear the case 
originally), which shall hear the appeal. 

Proceedings of the appeal hearing shall be recorded by the Secretary of the 
Councils. (A tape recording is urged.) The accused may have no more than two 
advisers who must be members of the University community. These advisers may 
be present at the hearing and may ask questions of any of the witnesses and the 
accused. 



72 



The defendant shall be informed of the decision of the alternate Honor Council 
by the Provost. 

If acquitted on a charge by the alternate Honor Council, a person may not be 
tried a second time by either Honor Council for the same incident. 

Access to Students Records 

To comply with the Family Educational and Privacy Act of 1974, commonly 
called the Buckley Amendment, Oglethorpe University informs students of their 
rights under this act in the student handbook, The Book. Three basic rights are 
covered by this act: (1) The student's right to have access to personal records, (2) 
the right of a hearing to challenge the content of a record, and (3) the right to 
withhold or give consent for the release of identifying data. Additional information 
may be obtained from The Book and from the Registrar. 



73 



Programs of Study 






...),| 



u ) 




Organization 



Oglethorpe's curriculum is arranged in six general divisions: Humanities; 
History, Politics, and International Studies; Science and Mathematics; Behavioral 
Sciences; Economics and Business Administration; and Education — Undergraduate 
and Graduate. 

Academic areas included within each division are listed below. A listing of 
majors and minors from among these areas is found on the pages that follow. 

Division I: The Humanities 

Art 

Communications 

Drama 

English and Literature 

Foreign Languages 

Music 

Philosophy 

Writing 

Division II: History, Politics, and International Studies 

History 
Politics 

Division III: Science and Mathematics 

Biology 
Chemistry 
Mathematics 
Physics 

Division IV: Behavioral Sciences 

Psychology 
Sociology 
Social Work 

Division V: Economics and Business Administration 

Accounting 

Business Administration 

Computer Science 

Economics 

Division VI: Education - Undergraduate and Graduate 

Early Childhood Education 
Middle Grades Education 
Secondary Education 

Interdisciplinary Majors 

American Studies 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

Business Administration and Computer Science 

International Studies 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

Under the semester system, courses of one to five semester hours credit are 
offered. A full-time student carries a normal academic load of five courses during 
each semester (12-16 semester hours). 

A minimum of 120 hours (or equivalent for transfer students) is required for 
graduation. Some programs may require additional credit. The core curriculum, as 
described below, is required of all four-year, degree-seeking students in the under- 
graduate program. 

In the sections that follow courses are listed numerically by discipline within 
their respective divisions. Most courses are designated by a four-digit number. The 

75 



first digit indicates the level of the course: 1 — freshman level, 2 = sophomore 
level, 3 = junior level, 4 = senior level, and 6 = graduate level. Higher level courses 
in a discipline are typically designed to build upon the content of lovk'er level courses 
in that discipline and other specified prerequisite courses. 

In some cases, the C, L, or P replaces the first digit in the course number. C 
indicates that the course fulfills a core requirement; L means laboratory; P means 
that the course is a preliminary course to the required core course in that discipline. 

The number of hours refers to the semester hours of college credit per semester 
which are earned by the successful completion of the course. 



Major Programs 



Completion of a major program is required for all baccalaureate degrees. The 
student's academic adviser assists with the student's selection of a major. The stu- 
dent declares the major selected on the course registration form completed each 
semester. Students must have declared a major by the end of the second semester 
of the sophomore year. 

A major is an orderly sequence of courses in (1) a particular discipline, (2) a 
combination of two disciplines, or (3) a defined interdisciplinary field. A major must 
include a minimum of 33 and a maximum of 62 semester hours of required course 
work, exclusive of all hours used to satisfy core requirements. Each major must 
allow for the student's selection of courses which are not in the discipline(s) of the 
major and not required components of the core curriculum. Each major includes a 
substantial component of advanced courses which have specified prerequisites. A 
major may require for successful completion a cumulative grade-point average in 
the major field which is higher than the 2.0 cumulative grade-point average required 
for graduation. Alternatively, the requirements for the major may state that only 
courses in which a "C" or higher grade is received may be used in satisfaction of 
the major's requirements. The student is responsible for ensuring the fulfillment 
of the requirements of the major selected. Specific requirements for each of the 
majors listed below are indicated in the section of the Bulletin in which the course 
offerings of the discipline are described or in the sections which state the require- 
ments of individually planned and interdisciplinary majors. Please note that no 
course may be used to meet more than one degree requirement. 

The clinical training component of the medical technology major must be com- 
pleted in an approved health sciences program at a cooperating institution (see 
Medical Technology in Division II of this Bulletin). 

A minimum of 15 semester hours of a major must be in course work taken at 
Oglethorpe University (for teacher education majors, please refer to Division VI 
requirements in this Bulletin.) 



76 



Majors may be earned in the following: 



Accounting 

American Studies 

Biology 

Business Administration 

Business Administration and 

Behavioral Science 
Business Administration and 

Computer Science 
Chemistry 
Communications 
Economics 

Education-Early Childhood 
Education-Middle Grades 
Education-Secondary 
English 

Minor Programs 



History 

Individually Planned Major 

International Studies 

Mathematics 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

Medical Technology 

Philosophy 

Physics 

Politics 

Psychology 

Sociology 

Sociology-Social Work 



Minor programs are available in several fields. Students should consult the 
section of the Bulletin in which a particular discipline is described to ascertain 
whether a minor is offered and what its specific requirements are. 

A minor consists of at least 15 semester hours of course work beyond any core 
requirements in that discipline. 

A minimum of nine semester hours of a minor must be in course work taken 
at Oglethorpe. For education majors, these requirements must be fulfilled before 
student teaching. 

Minors may be earned in the following: 



Accounting 

Art 

Biology 

Chemistry 

Computer Science 

Economics 

English 

French 



History 

Mathematics 

Music 

Philosophy 

Politics 

Psychology 

Sociology 

Writing 



Honors Program 



All students at Oglethorpe University are encouraged to attain academic and 
personal excellence. The University offers an Honors Program for those students 
who have demonstrated ability to do exceptional scholarly work, and who desire to 
investigate some topic or area of scholarly endeavor in depth. Because the purpose 
of the program is to offer enhanced academic opportunities to those students who 
are capable of, and willing to do work well beyond that required for successful 
completion of a major, honors work does not count toward the major. The program 



77 



also is intended to foster increased interaction between students and faculty with 
diverse interests but similar dedication to academic excellence. 

The Honors Program is a three-semester program. During the spring semester 
of the junior year, a student secures the permission of a thesis supervisor and enrolls 
in 3999 Honors I. The eligibility requirement is an overall 3.3 grade-point average 
and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in which the thesis is to be written. 
Students slightly below this standard may still enroll in 3999 Honors I but must 
meet the grade-point average standard by the beginning of fall semester in order 
to continue, unless an exception is granted by the Honors Program Director. Juniors 
in the seminar are expected to complete a prospectus by the end of the spring 
semester, which is to include a definition of the problem to be addressed as well as 
a reading list. A student receives one hour of credit for completion of this work on 
a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis, the grade being determined by the Honors Pro- 
gram Director in consultation with the faculty supervisor. Successful completion of 
this phase is a prerequisite for enrollment in Honors II in the fall. There are no 
formal requirements for the summer, but the student ought to make enough prog- 
ress on the reading list to be able to begin research immediately when classes 
resume in the fall. 

In the fall semester of the senior year, the student enrolls in 4998 Honors II, 
which requires an overall 3.3 grade-point average and a 3.5 grade-point average in 
the field in which the research is to be done. In Honors II, the student completes 
the research, prepares a first draft of the thesis, and attends the scheduled meetings 
of the Honors Seminar. The student receives three hours of credit for this work 
and a letter grade assigned by the supervisor. If the letter grade is an "A," the 
student then enrolls in 4999 Honors III spring semester of the senior year and the 
Honors Program Director appoints a committee of three to evaluate the completed 
thesis. The committee must include the supervisor and may include someone from 
outside the division at Oglethorpe. During the first half of the spring semester, the 
student works on revisions of the first draft and makes a presentation of the research 
to the Honors Seminar. For these efforts, the student receives one hour of credit 
and a letter grade, assigned by the Honors Program Director with the advice of the 
supervisor. The final draft of the thesis is presented to the committee at least one 
week prior to the end of classes. The committee will make a decision regarding the 
granting of honors by the first day of the final examination period. At the commit- 
tee's discretion the student may be asked to make a formal defense of the thesis. 

3999. Honors 1 1 hour 

Participation in the Honors Seminar and preparation of the honors research 
prospectus is to be taken on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis during the spring 
semester of the junior year. Prerequisites: Permission of the Honors Program Di- 
rector, permission of a faculty research supervisor, a 3.3 overall grade-point average, 
and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in which the honors research is to be 
done. 

4998. Honors II 3 hours 

Honors II is an independent study under the direction of the faculty research 
supervisor, including research, analysis and preparation of a first draft of an honors 
thesis. It is to be taken on a graded basis during the fall semester of the senior 
year. Participation in the Honors Seminar also is required. Prerequisites: Permission 

78 



of the faculty supervisor, successful completion of 3999, a 3.3 overall grade-point 
average, and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in which the honors research is 
to be done. 

4999. Honors III 1 hour 

The third semester of the Honors Program includes participation in the Honors 
Seminar and revisions of the honors thesis under the direction of the faculty 
supervisor. It is to be taken on a graded basis during the spring semester of the 
senior year. Prerequisite: Grade of "A" in 4998. 



Dual Degree Program in Art 



Students seeking a broadly based educational experience involving the types of 
programs generally found at a college of arts and sciences as well as the specialized 
training offered by a professional college may wish to consider the dual degree 
program in art. Oglethorpe University and The Atlanta College of Art offer a joint 
program for students interested in a career in the visual arts. In this program, the 
student enrolls at Oglethorpe for two years, completes 61 semester hours of work, 
including the core requirements, and then enrolls at The Atlanta College of Art. 
The dual degree program requires four regular academic years plus some summer 
courses. 

The student is required to complete three credit hours in Art and Culture and 
at least 12 credit hours in studio electives at Oglethorpe. Upon successful comple- 
tion of all of the core requirements plus the aforementioned art courses, the student 
enrolls at The Atlanta College of Art and completes 75 credit hours in studio and 
art history courses. Placement in studio courses is dependent on a portfolio review. 

Upon completion of the joint program, the student receives the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts from Oglethorpe and the degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts from 
The Atlanta College of Art. Students participating in the dual degree program must 
meet the entrance requirements of both institutions. Dual degree students are 
advised at Oglethorpe by a faculty member in the field of visual arts. 

Dual Degree Program in Engineering 

Oglethorpe is associated with the Georgia Institute of Technology, the Uni- 
versity of Florida, Auburn University, and the University of Southern California in 
combined programs of liberal arts and engineering. The programs require the stu- 
dent to complete three years at Oglethorpe University and the final two years at 
one of these engineering schools. The three years at Oglethorpe include core cur- 
riculum courses and prescribed courses in mathematics and the physical sciences. 
The two years of technical education require the completion of courses in one of 
the branches of engineering. Additionally, Oglethorpe has an agreement with the 
Georgia Institute of Technology for dual degrees in various areas of applied sciences 
and economics. 

In this combined plan, the two degrees which are awarded upon the successful 
completion of the program are the degree of Bachelor of Arts by Oglethorpe Uni- 
versity and the degree of Bachelor of Science in Engineering by the engineering 
school. Because the required pre-engineering curricula of the three affiliated schools 

79 



are slightly different, the student is advised to consult frequently with the faculty 
member serving as dual degree engineering program adviser. 

Engineering is a difficult subject. Students can maximize their chances for 
success by starting at Oglethorpe where the faculty's primary concern is effective 
teaching and working closely with students. Classes are small, and laboratories offer 
the opportunity for hands-on experience with sophisticated equipment. This strong 
foundation gives the student an excellent preparation for professional school, re- 
sulting in more effective learning in advanced engineering courses. As a liberal arts 
and sciences university, Oglethorpe stresses broad education for intelligent lead- 
ership. Here, the student will explore the fundamental fields of knowledge, further 
his or her understanding of science and mathematics, and refine the abilities to 
read, write, speak, and reason with clarity. This preparation will serve the student 
well in any career but particularly so in the engineering field. With strong prepa- 
ration in engineering plus a liberal arts education, the student will be ready for a 
variety of career positions. The dual degree engineering program provides an ed- 
ucation that is both broad and deep — a combination that will serve the graduate 
well as career responsibilities increase. 



Individually Planned Major 



A student who wishes to pursue a course of study not included in one of the 
available majors may petition to receive permission to complete an individually 
planned major. 

Such a major must include at least 33 semester hours of course work beyond 
core requirements. At least 18 semester hours of the major must be completed in 
courses above the introductory level in a particular discipline. This discipline will 
be defined as the major's concentration. Graded course work in the major must 
have a grade-point average of at least 2.0. Course work that is included in the 
individually planned major may not be counted toward a second major or a minor. 

To apply for an individually planned major, the student, in consultation with 
his or her academic adviser, must complete an application, available at the Regis- 
trar's Office, to be approved by the Provost and the chair of the division in which 
the proposed major's concentration is included. This application should be submit- 
ted by the end of the second semester of the student's sophomore year. The appli- 
cation must specify the following: 

1. The major's coverage and definition. 

2. The observed or expected conceptual linkages among the concentration and 
the other subject(s) included in the major. 

3. The expected outcomes of the completion of the major in terms of the 
student's intellectual growth and plans for graduate study or career. 

The student's academic adviser forwards the application to the appropriate 
division chair. The chair consults with the Provost; then the chair notifies the faculty 
adviser of the acceptance or rejection of the proposal, and the adviser contacts the 
student. 

The degree awarded upon successful completion of an approved individually 
planned major is Bachelor of Arts. 



80 



Pre-medical Program 



A student who plans to attend a professional school of medicine, dentistry, 
optometry, pharmacy or veterinary medicine should plan a program of studies at 
Oglethorpe in consultation with a faculty member who is a designated pre-medical 
adviser. It is desirable for the pre-medical student to begin the process of under- 
graduate program planning with a pre-medical adviser. It is essential that contact 
be established by the second semester of the student's freshman year. 

Professional schools of health science require for admission successful comple- 
tion of a specified sequence of courses in the natural sciences as well as the sub- 
mission of acceptable scores on appropriate standardized tests. However, pre- 
medical students have a wide latitude of choice with regard to the major selected. 
Students should familiarize themselves with the particular admission requirements 
of the type of professional school they plan to enter prior to deciding on the course 
of study to be pursued at Oglethorpe. 

The Professional Option is available to highly qualified students seeking ad- 
mission to appropriately accredited colleges of medicine, dentistry, and veterinary 
medicine. This option allows students to enter their respective professional schools 
at the end of their junior year. Credit is awarded at Oglethorpe for the successful 
completion of the first year of professional school. See Degrees above. 



Allied Health Studies 



Students who plan to attend professional schools of nursing, physical therapy 
or other allied health fields should plan their programs at Oglethorpe with the 
assistance of the faculty member serving as the Allied Health Adviser. The name 
of this adviser can be obtained at the Registrar's Office. 

In allied health fields, successful completion of the program in an accredited 
professional school and a minimum of 60 semester hours credit earned at Ogle- 
thorpe are required to earn the Bachelor of Arts degree with an individually planned 
major in two relevant disciplines. 



Pre-legal Program 



Students planning to enter law school after graduation from Oglethorpe should 
realize that neither the American Bar Association nor leading law schools endorse 
a particular pre-law major. The student is advised, however, to take courses that 
enhance the basic skills of a liberally educated person: reading with comprehension, 
writing, speaking, and reasoning. The student is encouraged to become more 
familiar with political, economic, and social institutions as they have developed 
historically and as they function in contemporary society. Students are referred to 
the Pre-law Handbook, which is available in the University Bookstore, for a more 
complete discussion of the desirable aspects of a pre-law curriculum. 

Students interested in pursuing a legal career should ask the Registrar for the 
names of faculty members serving as pre-law advisers. 



81 



Pre-seminary 



Pre-seminary students should plan a curriculum with emphasis on philosophy, 
religion, English, and foreign language courses. A faculty adviser will aid in the 
selection of a particular field of study. For further guidance, the chair of the 
Humanities Division makes available a list of courses recommended by the American 
Association of Theological Schools. Juniors and seniors are encouraged to take an 
internship related to their course work. 



Physical Fitness 



The following two physical fitness courses are offered for credit. For a descrip- 
tion of the sports program at Oglethorpe University, please see Athletics in this 
Bulletin. 

1101. Physical Fitness for Living 3 hours 

A course designed to provide students an understanding and awareness of one's 
fitness potential through proper nutrition and aerobic exercise. Evaluation of per- 
sonal fitness levels in the areas of stress, cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle 
strength, body composition, flexibility, and identification of coronary risk factors 
will assist the student in preparing for a balanced and healthy life. 

1102. Fitness Through Lifetime Sports 1 hour 

A course designed to provide instruction in the skills, knowledge, and under- 
standing of various sports that can be enjoyed throughout a person's lifetime. Ac- 
quainting students with the history, rules, and techniques, and offering individual 
instruction in these sports will help the student maintain fitness through wholesome 
recreation. Prerequisite: 1101. 



Interdisciplinary Majors 



Interdisciplinary majors are offered in American Studies, Business Administra- 
tion and Behavioral Science, Business Administration and Computer Science, 
International Studies, and Mathematics and Computer Science. Students who 
choose one of these majors should notify the Registrar so that an appropriate adviser 
may be assigned. 

American Studies 

The major in American Studies is designed to provide students with the op- 
portunity to develop a systematic and in-depth understanding of American culture. 
By combining American studies courses and courses from relevant disciplines (his- 
tory, literature, the arts, economics, and the social sciences), students may explore 
the relationships of diverse aspects of American life. Students also are able to pursue 
their special interests within American culture by developing an "area of concen- 
tration" that provides a specific focus for much of the work completed in fulfillment 
of major requirements. 

In addition to introducing students to the field of American studies, the major 
is designed to help students refine their fundamental intellectual skills, especially 

82 



their writing and speaking skills. Skills of this sort will serve the student well long 
after many specific facts, postulates, and theories have been forgotten. In short, as 
is consistent with Oglethorpe's stated institutional purpose, the American studies 
program seeks to prepare humane generalists — individuals who possess those basic 
qualities so necessary for leadership in a rapidly changing world. 

The required courses in American literature and history may not be used to 
satisfy core requirements. The American Experience, 2472, should be taken in the 
freshman or sophomore year. Courses 3477 and 4473 are to be taken in the junior 
and senior years. A "C" average in major course work is required for graduation. 
The degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following nine courses: 

2127 American Literature: Seeking the Good in the New World I 

2128 American Literature: Seeking the Good in the New World II 

2216 American History to 1865 

2217 American History Since 1865 

2472 The American Experience (course description under sociology) 

3217 The Age of Affluence: The United States Since 1945 

3477 Community and Individualism in America (course description 

under sociology) 
3523 United States Economic History 
4473 Senior Seminar in American Studies (course description under 

sociology) 
Completion of six of the following courses also is required: 
2221 United States Foreign Policy 
2223 Constitutional Law 
2471 The Family 
2518 Probability and Statistics 
3121 Contemporary Literature 

3131 Music in the 20th Century: 1900-1950 

3132 Music in the 20th Century: 1950 to the Present 
3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

3222 American Political Parties 

3223 Congress and the Presidency 
3225 State and Local Government 
3621 Introduction to Education 

4121 Special Topics in Literature and Culture I 
4123 Major British and American Authors I 

4213 United States Diplomatic History 

4214 The American Civil War and Reconstruction 

4521 Money and Banking 

4522 Labor Economics 
4525 Public Finance 

Requirements for the minor include completion of The American Experience 
and four of the following eight courses: 

2127 American Literature: Seeking the Good in the New World I 

2128 American Literature: Seeking the Good in the New World II 

2216 American History to 1865 

2217 American History Since 1865 

3217 The Age of Affluence: The United States Since 1945 

83 



3477 Community and Individualism in America (course description 

under sociology) 
3523 United States Economic History 

4473 Senior Seminar in American Studies (course description under 
sociology) 
The courses in American literature and American history may not be used to 
satisfy core requirements. 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

This major provides students with the knowledge and skills of the behavioral 
sciences as they may be applied in the business world. The major helps to prepare 
students for careers in business, especially those related to human resources, or for 
graduate study in business administration and applied psychology. 

The major consists of 1 1 required courses and four directed electives. The four 
directed electives should be carefully selected with the assistance of the faculty 
adviser and must be evenly divided between business administration courses and 
courses in behavioral sciences. A "C" average in course work in the major is required 
for completion of this major. The degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following 1 1 courses: 

Business Administration Courses 

1510 Business Law I 
2513 Management 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 
Choice of: 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software or 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science or 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming 
3517 Marketing 

Behavioral Science Courses 

2473 Social Psychology 

2518 Probability and Statistics 

3463 Psychological Testing 
Choice of: 

2464 Organizational Psychology or 

3472 The Sociology of Work and Occupations 
Choice of: 

2519 Management Science or 
3461 Research Design 

Two electives from business administration and two from the behavorial 
sciences chosen from the following courses also are required: 
2472 The American Experience 

2465 Learning and Conditioning 

2474 Social Problems 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 
2542 Principles of Computer Programming 
2555 International Business 

3464 Psychology of Leadership 

84 



3465 Theories of Personality 

3470 Culture and Society 

3477 Community and Individualism in America 

3478 Wealth, Status, and Power 
3516 Managerial Finance 

3518 Marketing Communications 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 
3527 Economic Development 

4522 Labor Economics 

4556 Marketing Research 

Choice of: 

4465 Internship - Psychology or 

4517 Internship - Business Administration 

Business Administration and Computer Science 

The administration of business involves the collection, storage, analysis, and 
reporting of large volumes of financial as well as non-financial data. By combining 
courses in business administration and computer science, this interdisciplinary 
major acquaints students with the ways in which computer systems can assist in 
carrying out the accounting, finance, marketing, and management functions of 
business. An additional aim is to encourage innovative approaches to administration 
that would be impractical without the computational capacity of the computer. 

The major requires completion of 16 courses; 13 specified courses and three 
directed electives, with a grade of "C" or better in each course. The degree awarded 
is the Bachelor of Business Administration. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following 13 courses: 
1335 Calculus I 
2513 Management 

2518 Probability and Statistics 

2519 Management Science 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming 

3516 Managerial Finance 

3517 Marketing 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 
3544 Principles of File Processing 
4516 Strategic Planning 

Completion of three of the following five courses also is required: 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science 
3542 Introduction to Data Structures 

4540 Introduction to Systems Programming 

4541 Assembly Language and Computer Architecture 

4542 Topics in Computer Science 

85 



International Studies 

International Studies is an interdisciplinary major which seeks to develop skills 
and perspectives essential to effective participation in the emerging multicultural 
business and social environment. The major helps to prepare students for careers 
in international commerce, the travel and convention businesses, international 
banking and finance, and government. The major also provides an appropriate 
undergraduate background for the professional study of business, public policy, and 
law. Students interested in this major should ask the Registrar to refer them to a 
faculty adviser who specializes in this major. The degree awarded is the Bachelor 
of Arts. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following five courses 
(including prerequisites): 

2221 United States Foreign Policy 

2224 International Relations 

3214 Europe Since 1918 

3470 Culture and Society 

3527 Economic Development or 

4523 International Economics 
Completion of four of the following courses also is required: 

2210 Survey of Modern East Asian History I 

221 1 Survey of Modern East Asian History II 
2218 Modern Southeast Asian History 

2555 International Business 
3213 Europe in the 19th Century 
3216 The People's Republic of China 
3219 The Wars in Vietnam 
3221 Comparative Government 

4211 Modern German History 

4212 Russian History 

4213 United States Diplomatic History 
4216 Special Topics in History 

4218 Independent Study in History 

4228 Advanced Topics in International Relations 

Choice of: 
2555 International Business or 

4523 International Economics or 
other courses as approved by the adviser. 
Four semesters of a foreign language are required, or demonstration of profi- 
ciency in a foreign language which would be equivalent to four semesters of study. 
A study abroad experience is required. A summer or semester at a foreign 
university is the preferred method for fulfilling this requirement. Students may plan 
to complete the language requirement above during their study abroad experience. 
Students who receive financial aid at Oglethorpe should consult with the Financial 
Aid Office early in the pursuit of this major to determine available funding for the 
study abroad experience. Generally, financial aid awarded for study at Oglethorpe 
University is not transferable for study abroad with another institution. 

Oglethorpe University maintains' affiliations with the American Institute for 
Foreign Study, Seigakuin University in Tokyo, and the Universidad de Belgrano in 
Buenos Aires, Argentina to aid students in identifying worthwhile foreign study 

86 



opportunities. Other programs in the recent past in which students have studied 
abroad include Brethren Colleges Abroad, International Intercultural Studies Pro- 
gram of the University System of Georgia, and the Centre Linguistique Pour Etran- 
gers. Advisers who specialize in the international studies field can acquaint students 
with programs at these institutions and with a wide variety of additional overseas 
study programs. 

Note: Students who graduated from a secondary school located abroad at which 
the language of instruction was not English may satisfy the language 
requirement with English as a Second Language I and II. They may satisfy 
the study abroad requirement via their residency in the United States. 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

Since its inception as an academic discipline, computer science has been closely 
associated with mathematics. Many of the field's pioneers are mathematicians by 
training. Indeed, modern computer science would not be possible wdthout the ex- 
istence of a number of mathematical developments once thought to be entirely 
theoretical in nature. 

The major in Mathematics and Computer Science is designed to acquaint 
students with the various linkages between computer science and mathematics and 
to enable students to understand more thoroughly their primary discipline, whether 
it is mathematics or computer science. Rigorous training in mathematical thinking 
will provide the student with essential analytical tools and mental discipline, while 
the problem-solving skills that will be sharpened in the process of developing al- 
gorithms for computer applications will prove to be beneficial to students of math- 
ematics. Students will become familiar with ways in which modern computational 
tools have made possible work in mathematics that would otherwise be prohibitively 
laborious. Understanding of the many mathematical structures that are essential 
to effective development and utilization of processes in computer science will be 
enhanced. The degree awarded is the Bachelor of Science. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following courses: 

1335 Calculus I 

1336 Calculus II 

2331 Calculus III 

2332 Calculus IV 

2333 Differential Equations 
2335 Discrete Mathematics 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming 
3331 Complex Analysis or 

4333 Special Topics in Mathematics 

3334 Linear Algebra 

3335 Abstract Algebra 

3542 Introduction to Data Structures 
Completion of three of the following five courses also is required: 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science 
3544 Principles of File Processing 

4540 Introduction to Systems Programming 

4541 Assembly Language and Computer Architecture 

4542 Topics in Computer Science 

87 



Internships and Cooperative Education 

Oglethorpe University offers two on-the-job learning programs: Cooperative 
Education and Internships. These programs provide students with the opportunity 
to have an employment experience designed to promote their professional and 
personal growth. They also allow students to explore particular career options. 

Opportunities are available in all majors for students who (I) demonstrate a 
clear understanding of the goals they wish to accomplish in the experience and (2) 
possess the necessary academic and personal background to accomplish these goals. 
In addition to local experiences, students may apply for international co-op/intern- 
ship assignments through Oglethorpe's membership in the International Cooper- 
ative Education Consortium, which is managed by the Georgia State University 
Office of Cooperative Education. 

Students who are interested in an internship or cooperative education experi- 
ence should first consult with their faculty advisers and then visit the Office of 
Career Planning and Placement in Emerson Student Center. 

Internships 

Students with a minimum grade-point average of 2.8 may qualify to begin an 
internship experience in the sophomore year. Every internship requires a statement 
of academic objectives and requirements developed in consultation with the stu- 
dent's faculty adviser and/or faculty internship supervisor. Upon successful comple- 
tion of the internship, the student is awarded academic credit in recognition of the 
learning value of the experience, up to a maximum of 15 hours. 

If no academic credit is needed or sought, a non-credit internship can be 
arranged, utilizing the quality control provided by the Office of Career Planning 
and Placement. 

Internships have been available in a large variety of local businesses and or- 
ganizations such as Deloitte and Touche, Atlanta Historical Society, CNN Sports, 
United Methodist Children's Home, Gwinnett Medical Center, Georgia League of 
Women Voters, Zoo Atlanta Animal Research, IBM, Price Waterhouse, The Carter 
Center, The New York Times-Southern Bureau, and the Georgia Department of 
Labor, to name only a few. 

In addition to these Atlanta-based internships, Oglethorpe also is affiliated with 
two organizations in the nation's capital where students from all majors can ser\'e 
as interns in the Washington, D.C. area. These organizations are The Washington 
Center and The Washington Semester Program of American University. 

Cooperative Education 

Cooperative Education is a non-credit program in which students with a grade- 
point average of 2.5 or higher alternate semesters of work and study until gradu- 
ation. Students begin the co-op experience in their junior year. Opportunities are 
available with major employers in the Atlanta area. 

A student who participates in a University sponsored full-time cooperative ed- 
ucation experience is considered to be a full-time Oglethorpe student. This will be 
true even though it precludes his or her enrolling in a full-time schedule of classes, 
provided: (1) he or she was enrolled in a full-time schedule of classes at Oglethorpe 
during the semester immediately preceding the cooperative education experience; 



and (2) he or she intends to enroll as a full-time student at Oglethorpe in the 
subsequent semester. 



Cross Registration 



Oglethorpe University is a member of the University Center in Georgia, a 
consortium of the 18 institutions of higher education in the greater Atlanta area. 
Through the University Center, students may enroll in courses at any other mem.ber 
institution. The student need not be admitted to the other institution and completes 
all procedures, including payment of tuition, at Oglethorpe. 

Courses taken at University Center institutions on a cross-registration basis 
count as Oglethorpe courses. While grades earned through consortium courses are 
not tabulated in grade-point averages, courses with grades of "C" or higher count 
toward the major. 

Interested students should consult the Registrar for program details. 



89 



The Core 
Curriculum 




History of the Core Curriculum 



The idea for a "core curriculum" at Oglethorpe University is nearly half a 
century old, dating back to 1944 when Oglethorpe's President Philip Weltner pro- 
posed a totally new liberal arts curriculum aimed at "student development in human 
understanding and citizenship, alongside training for livelihood." Weltner published 
his ideas for a new core curriculum in a small brochure called The Oglethorpe Book, 
outlining his new integrative plan and his philosophy of education, and in so doing, 
he anticipated some of the ideas featured in General Education in a Free Society, 
Harvard University's 1945 statement stressing an emphasis on liberal arts and a 
core curriculum. The idea of a core curriculum was at that time so revolutionary 
in higher education that news of the Oglethorpe plan appeared in The New York 
Times in the spring of 1945. Dr. Weltner told The Times: "We are trying to develop 
keen. ..appreciation and understanding. Instead of dividing our courses into separate 
schools, we are giving the students a good liberal and general education which can 
become the basis of hundreds of vocations." Weltner's new plan was received with 
enthusiasm not only in the press but also on campus. He was able to tell The Times 
reporter in 1945 that after nearly a year with the new curriculum in place, "for the 
first time I [have] noticed that the students understand why they are taking the 
courses they do." 

Dr. Weltner's core curriculum for the Oglethorpe students of the 1940s re- 
flected the concerns of the war era: the core comprised one half of every student's 
total course work and featured courses in "Citizenship" and "Human Understand- 
ing." As the concerns of the war era receded and the post-war information explosion 
ensued, the Oglethorpe core underwent extensive revision in the 1960s, its required 
courses coming to resemble much more closely traditional courses in the disciplines. 
Gradually this core came to focus on those courses representing competencies that 
a well-educated generalist ought to have upon graduating from college. 

The Oglethorpe core curriculum, implemented in the fall of 1992, represents 
a new idea about core curriculum and its purpose. Rather than an attempt to define 
what every student should know or a list of basic competencies every student should 
have, the new core curriculum takes as its starting point the need to inculcate and 
nurture in Oglethorpe students a taste for and skill at intellectual inquiry. A result 
of a two-year revision process funded by a major grant from the National Endow- 
ment for the Humanities, the new core curriculum differs from previous versions 
of the core in that it has, since its inception, involved a coordinated effort from the 
faculty to provide a common focus for all core courses. Faculty are committed to 
working together through frequent conversation about the content and goals of 
their courses to ensure that the core courses students take provide an integrated 
approach to investigating five key questions. Each core course represents a distinct 
way of knowing, a distinct approach to understanding these central questions of the 
human experience. With its central focus, the core is every student's second major 
at Oglethorpe. 

Liberal Education and the Core Curriculum 

An Oglethorpe education prepares students to live as free human beings who 
take an active interest in the world around them, and who have developed those 
modes of thought and action that will make them effective builders of communities. 



91 



In The Idea of a University, John Henry Newman explains that a hberal education 
forms "a habit of mind. ..which lasts through life," with "nothing more or less than 
intellectual excellence" as its object. Thomas Jefferson, in Notes on the State of Vir- 
ginia, argues that without such development of the intellect, democracy will perish: 
"Every government degenerates when trusted to the rulers of the people alone. The 
people themselves therefore are its only safe depositories, and to render even them 
safe their minds must be improved...." 

Such mental development requires knowledge of and the capacity to analyze 
the civilization in which we live. We must be able to raise intelligent questions about 
apparently self-evident truths, and about whether they can be verified or confirmed 
upon serious reflection. We also must have the capacity to reflect critically on 
passions, temptations, impulses, and indeed on thinking itself. As Jefferson pro- 
claimed, we must not be afraid "to follow truth wherever it may lead...." At the 
very least, a liberal education ought to impart to students a taste for free inquiry — 
as well as a sense of why such inquiry is important. 

Oglethorpe University combines these aims with an institutional commitment 
to small classes, personal attention to the individual student, collaborative activities, 
and critical reading and writing. In its dedication to a broad, comprehensive liberal 
education for each student, Oglethorpe has created a common set of core courses 
that invite students to be thoughtful, inquisitive, and reflective about the human 
condition and the world surrounding them. These core courses work together with 
students' experiences in advanced courses in their chosen disciplines to encourage 
the life-long "habit of mind" that Newman extols. Students are thus urged to 
consider carefully what they see, hear, and read, to examine questions from more 
than one point of view, and to avoid leaping quickly to conclusions. 

The central considerations of the Oglethorpe core are expressed in the form 
of five questions, questions that have no easy answers: 

1. What are our present ways of understanding ourselves and the universe? 

2. How do these ways of understanding evolve? 

3. How do we deal with conflicts in our ways of understanding? 

4. How do we decide what is of value? 

5. How do we decide how to live our lives? 

The Oglethorpe core curriculum initiates and sustains meaningful discussion 
about matters which are and have been fundamental to understanding the human 
condition and dealing thoughtfully with its ambiguities. The courses in the core 
program present a variety of distinct ways of knowing or understanding ourselves. 

As students become actively engaged with faculty in asking and attempting to 
answer the central questions raised by the core courses, they will learn to appreciate 
the life of the mind and to be interested in hearing the variety of voices that have 
addressed these questions. In an effort to ensure that students encounter such 
points of view directly, Oglethorpe's core courses are designed to stimulate intensive 
interaction between faculty and students. 

The core curriculum provides only a beginning for the investigation of signifi- 
cant questions. What students have at the completion of the Oglethorpe core pro- 
gram are not final answers but a multiplicity of ways of knowing and experiencing 
the world. They will, in addition, be prepared to continue this inquiry on their own. 

92 



The core curriculum includes: 

All of the following: 

C161 Philosophical Conceptions of Reality and Human Life 

C191 Analytical Writing 

C21 1 The West and the Medieval World 

C212 The West and the Modern World 

C271, C272 Human Nature and the Social Order I, II 

C462 Psychological Inquiry 

One of the following 

C131 Music and Culture 
C181 Art and Culture 

One of the following year-long courses 

2121, 2122 World Literature: The Search for Identity I, II 
2123, 2124 English Literature, 700-1800: The Discovery of the 

Individual I, II 
2125, 2126 English Literature, 1790-1945: Revolution and 

Reassessment I, II 
2127, 2128 American Literature: Seeking the Good in the New World 

I, II 

One of the following 

C351 Natural Science: The Physical Sciences 
1321 General Chemistry I 
1341 General Physics I 
2341 College Physics I 

One of the following 

C352 Natural Science: The Biological Sciences 
1311 General Biology I 

One of the following 

1333 Applied Calculus 

1335 Calculus I 

2518 Probability and Statistics 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming 



93 



.|f^," 



Division I 

The Humanities 






1, 






, !-■"■'' 




American Studies 



For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in American Studies, 
please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of this Bulletin. 



Art 



The art program offers courses in art history and studio work to enhance 
students' appreciation of works of art and to develop skills in a variety of media. 
The program is distinctive in its consistent emphasis on realism which is achieved 
through the development of classical fundamentals in every studio course. A student 
who takes even one course as an elective can learn to draw, paint, or sculpt from 
reality while gaining confidence through understanding basic concepts. 

Artist-In-Residence 

Oglethorpe has originated an International Artist-in-Residence Program which 
enables an artist to create on campus for a semester. Each student has the oppor- 
tunity to meet and discuss art and ideas with a professional practicing artist from 
another culture. The selected artist has a working space in the Faith Hall studio 
and has specific studio hours during the week when he or she is available to converse 
and share with the students and the public. The artist will have his or her work 
exhibited in the Oglethorpe University Museum. 

Minor 

To minor in art one must concentrate in one of four areas: painting, art history, 
photography, or drawing. 

For a minor in painting, a student must take three painting courses, two draw- 
ing courses, one art history course, and one photography course. 

For a minor in art history, a student must take three art history courses, one 
photography course, one drawing course, one painting course, and a second course 
in either painting or drawing or photography. 

For a minor in photography, a student must take three photography courses, 
two drawing courses, one painting course, and one art history course. 

For a minor in drawing, a student must take three drawing courses, two paint- 
ing courses, one art history course, and one photography course. 

Upon consultation with art faculty, a student may substitute an independent 
study or special topics course for one of the requirements where appropriate. 

C181. Art and Culture 3 hours 

This course surveys the creative ways that human beings throughout history 
have attempted to depict their relationships to their surroundings. Art is thus 
viewed as a barometer of civilization, a visual, creative response to the intellectual 
and emotional climate of a given moment in history. Students will examine present 
ways of understanding ourselves and the universe, the evolution of that understand- 
ing, and the conflicts involved. Basic artistic principles and concepts also will be 
studied in an effort to decide what has artistic value. Recommended for junior or 
senior year but should precede studio art courses. 

95 



1182. Drawing 3 hours 

Studio exercises, in-studio lectures, outside assignments, and critiques are de- 
signed to develop a basic understanding of drawing. Projects will be designed to 
explore concepts and theories of drawing and to develop the bridge between obser- 
vation and creating an image. 

1183. Painting 3 hours 

Studio exercises, in-studio lectures, outside assignments, and critiques are de- 
signed to develop a fuller understanding of the technical aspects of oil painting. A 
study of composition, color, drawing, and expression will be included. Emphasis will 
be on the development of a personal direction and self-confidence in painting. 

1185. Photography 3 hours 

Laboratory exercises, in-class lectures, critiques and assignments are designed 
to develop an understanding of all aspects of photography, including composition 
and self expression. Emphasis will be on development of technical skills and a 
personal direction in photography. 

2181. Special Topics in Art History 3 hours 

An in-depth analysis of specific historical art periods will stress how major 
artists and trends were influenced by their times. Discussion of important events 
and ideas of significant individuals of the period will serve to provide the necessary 
background for a thorough comprehension of social and intellectual sources of art. 
Prerequisite: C181. 

2182. Independent Study in Drawing 3 hours 

Individual instruction in drawing techniques. Prerequisite: Permission of the 

instructor. 

2183. Independent Study in Painting 3 hours 

Individual instruction in painting techniques. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

2184. Modern Art History 3 hours 

An in-depth analysis of the art of the 19th and 20th centuries, stressing how 
major trends and major artists were influenced by their times. The course will begin 
with the advent of the Industrial Revolution and continue to the present. It will 
focus on the art and ideas of Ingres, Manet, Monet, Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cezanne, 
Picasso, Matisse, Dali, and Warhol. Prerequisite: C181. 

2185. Figure Drawing 3 hours 

An introductory drawing course covering the main concepts necessary for draw- 
ing the human figure: major anatomical surface landmarks, planar structure, pro- 
portion, mass and volume. Students will work from both the clothed and the nude 
model. 

3180. Special Topics in Studio 3 hours 

Studio exercises, in-studio lectures, outside assignments, and critiques are de- 
signed to develop a basic understanding of various media, including sculpture, figure 
drawing, and various specialties of Artists-in-Residence. 

4181. Internship - Art 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning oppor- 
tunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate a learn- 
ing contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and indices for 

96 



the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. Students are em- 
ployed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating business organi- 
zations, governmental departments and agencies or in other professional settings. 
Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the fac- 
ulty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

Communications 

A program in communications prepares students to express themselves effec- 
tively in speech and in writing. It encourages students to examine their own modes 
of communication and to analyze the communication of others, from individual 
utterances to mass media coverage. 

Graduates in communications generally go on to careers in journalism, public 
relations, advertising, mass media, corporate communications, and related fields. 
They also are prepared for further study in journalism or communications. 

All communications majors must also complete a minor course of study in any 
other discipline of their choice to enable them to apply their communication skills 
to a specific body of knowledge and to enhance employment possibilities. 

Although an internship is not required for the major, it is strongly recom- 
mended. 

Major 

The following courses are required: 

1151 Public Speaking I 

2190 Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 

2191 Intermediate Writing: Investigation 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

3151 Journalism Workshop 

3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

Two literature courses selected from upper-level (3000 or 4000) offerings. 
Five courses selected from the following: 

1152 Public Speaking II 
1185 Photography 
2473 Social Psychology 

3150 Introduction to Linguistics 

3152 Broadcast Media 

3192 Creative Writing 

3193 Biography and Autobiography 
34G4 Psychology of Leadership 
3518 Marketing Communications 

4158 Special Topics in Communications 

4159 Internship - Communications 
4190 Independent Study in Writing 
4198 Special Topics in Writing 

Also required for the major is the selection of a minor which supports the 
student's career plans. 

97 



1151, 1152. Public Speaking I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

These courses seek to develop skills in the techniques of effective public speak- 
ing. The format is designed to produce a poised, fluent, and articulate student by 
actual experience, which will include the preparation and delivery of formal and 
informal talks on approved subjects. 

3150. Introduction to Linguistics 3 hours 

A study of the history of the English language, the rules of traditional grammar, 

and current linguistic theory. Special attention is paid to the relationship between 
language and cognition, theories of language acquisition, and the dialects of Amer- 
ican English. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: C191. 

3151. Journalism Workshop 3 hours 

This course is a hands-on workshop involving the writing and publication of a 

campus newspaper, newsletter, or newsmagazine. It can be repeated by students 
for elective credit up to six hours but can only count once toward the communi- 
cations major or the writing minor. Prerequisite: 2191 or permission of the instruc- 
tor. 

3152. Broadcast Media 3 hours 

This course is a hands-on workshop involving the writing and production of 

radio and/or television programs. It will introduce students to the practical problems 
involved in broadcast production, as well as raise theoretical questions and concerns 
about the use of media in the 1990s. Prerequisite: A writing or communications 
course beyond Analytical Writing. 

4158. Special Topics in Communications 3 hours 

This course will examine selected topics in journalism, communications, or 

media studies, such as The New Journalism, Mass Media and Popular Culture, 
Media and Marginalized Cultures, War Reporting, or Gender and Communication. 
Prerequisite: A writing or communications course beyond Analytical Writing. 

4159. Internship - Communications 1-6 hours 

This course will provide students with the opportunity to gain hands-on 

experience in some aspect of the communications industry at, for instance, CNN, 
the Carter Center, or the Atlanta bureau of The New York Times. Graded on a 
satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor 
and qualification for the internship program. 

Drama 

2130. Apprenticeship in Theatre 3 hours 

The apprenticeship is designed to provide a hands-on learning experience in 
theatre. Students may focus on one of three areas of responsibility: preparation and 
performance, technical design, or theatrical management. Open to sophomores, 
juniors, or seniors only and may be taken for credit only once. Taught on a satis- 
factory/ unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

2135. Special Topics in Theatre History 3 hours 

This course emphasizes the study of specific periods in theatrical history by 
examining dramaturgy, staging practices, costuming techniques and acting styles. 
Periods covered may include: Ancient Greek and Medieval Theatre, the Elizabe- 
thans and the Golden Age of Spanish Drama, the Italian Renaissance and French 
Neoclassicism. Prerequisite: C211 or permission of the instructor. 

98 



2137. Contemporary Theatre and Film 3 hours 

This course will examine the effect of both modified and allusive realism on 
contemporary theatre and film through a study of writers currently working in both 
fields. Students will read both play and film scripts, as well as view films. Writers 
examined will include: Hare, Stoppard, Henley, Norman, and Mamet. 



English 



In literature courses, students examine written works to determine their mean- 
ing, to reach judgments about their value, to explore their relation to life, and to 
derive pleasure. To these ends, students make written and oral analyses, supporting 
their conclusions with close examination of specific passages from the works of 
literature being studied. In both literature and writing courses, students learn to 
compose their generalizations and supporting details into a coherent structure of 
thought and language. 

An English major at Oglethorpe is excellent preparation for law school or any 
other professional training that requires students to interpret written material, and 
support their assertions with specific evidence. Given the expressed need in the 
business community for people who can communicate well orally and on paper, the 
combination of an English major and courses in business administration or an ac- 
counting minor may be very attractive to prospective employers. The course. Ad- 
vanced Writing for Business and the Professions, focuses on the kinds of speaking 
and writing abilities graduates will need to get and keep jobs in personnel, sales, 
and management. Oglethorpe graduates also work in public relations and editing, 
where they use their skill with words — a major emphasis of every English course. 
They go into teaching, and sometimes work for publishers, television stations, film- 
making companies, or computer firms. They write press releases, training manuals, 
in-house newspapers, and news copy. 

To help students bridge the gap between academic life and work experience, 
Oglethorpe places English majors in internships with area newspapers, publishing 
companies, public relations firms, cultural associations, and radio and television 
stations. Such experiences enhance students' chances of finding the jobs they want 
after graduation. 

Major 

Students who major in English are required to take four year-long sequences: 
World Literature: The Search for Identity I and II, American Literature: Seeking 
the Good in the New World I and II, English Literature, 700-1800: The Discovery 
of the Individual I and II, English Literature, 1790-1945: Revolution and Reassess- 
ment I and II. Students also are required to take one writing course beyond Ana- 
lytical Writing; to take either Shakespeare or Chaucer; and to select four electives 
from upper-level (3000 and 4000) literature courses. 

Minor 

Students who minor in English are required to take a minimum of six of the 
literature courses listed below. At least three of these must be upper-level (3000 
and 4000) courses. Core requirements must be met with courses other than the 
courses in a student's English minor. 

99 



1123. Independent Study in Literature and Composition 3 hours 

Supervised study in specified genres or periods. Papers use several different 
rhetorical strategies. 

2121, 2122. World Literature: The Search for Identity I, II ...3 plus 3 hours 

In this year-long course literary masterpieces will be read that explore various 
ways of human understanding and how they evolved. In the first semester authors 
such as Homer, Sophocles, Vergil, Dante, and Shakespeare explore the human 
condition and question how life should be lived. In the second semester authors 
such as R.acine, Voltaire, Flaubert, and Tolstoy question the answers offered by 
earlier writers. This course focuses on the tradition of Western literature, but the 
instructor also may include works from non-Western cultures. Prerequisites: CI 91 
and 2121 for 2122. 

2123, 2124. English Literature, 700-1800: The Discovery of 

the Individual I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This year-long course will analyze the ways in which understanding ourselves 
have evolved and how English literature in this formative period dealt with conflicts 
in our ways of understanding ourselves. The move from literary characters with 
little interior to those with complex motives and behavior will be studied along Mth 
the development of those literary genres — the romance, metaphysical poetry, satire, 
and the novel — which reflect a growing self-consciousness. Major authors read in 
the first semester will include the Beowulf-poct, Chaucer, Malory, Shakespeare, and 
Spenser; in the second semester they will include Milton, Donne, Pope, Dryden, 
Fielding, and Johnson. Prerequisites: C191 and 2123 for 2124. 

2125, 2126. English Literature, 1790-1900: Revolution and 

Reassessment I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This year-long course raises questions about the adequacy of different ways of 
understanding ourselves by looking at poetry, novels, and nonfiction prose which 
make conflicting claims about how we are to live our lives. These issues will be 
examined in the first semester by examining writers such as Blake, Wordsworth, 
Tennyson, and Arnold. The same issues will be dealt with in the second semester 
by reading authors such as Conrad, Lawrence, and T.S. Eliot. Prerequisites: C191 
and 2125 for 2126. 

2127, 2128. American Literature: Seeking the Good in 

the New World I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This year-long course will consider the adequacy of conflicting ways of under- 
standing ourselves and our relation to the world, with emphasis on the 19th and 
20th centuries. Students will address the possibilities of knowing the good, of re- 
demption from the bad, and of finding adequate words for the often ambiguous 
relation between the two, as we struggle to discover what is of value and how we 
should choose to live our lives. Readings may include works by Franklin, Thoreau, 
Melville, Whitman, and Dickinson in the first half, and by Crane, Wharton, Fitz- 
gerald, Gather, Eliot, Baldwin, and selected contemporary writers in the second. 
Prerequisites: C191 and 2127 for 2128. 

3121. Contemporary Literature 3 hours 

A study of literature written since 1945, this course may emphasize poetr>', 
drama, or the novel, and may include work in translation. Offered in alternate 
years. Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

100 



3123. Shakespeare 3 hours 

The plays and theatre of WilHam Shakespeare. Offered in ahernate years. 

Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3124, 3125. Studies in Drama I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

Drama as literature and as genre, through survey and period studies. Prereq- 
uisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3126, 3127. Studies in Poetry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

Courses which examine the method and effects of poetry by focusing on par- 
ticular poets, movements, styles, or historical periods. Prerequisite: One semester 
of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3128, 3129. Studies in Fiction I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

English, American, and continental narrative prose will be examined in the 
context of either a particular theme or an intensive concentration on a particular 
period or type, such as Bildungsroman, the Russian novel, or the Victorian novel. 
Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

4120. American Poetry 3 hours 

This course will consider the work of major American poets such as Whitman, 

Dickinson, Frost, Wallace Stevens, T.S. Eliot, William Carlos Williams, as well as a 
number of contemporary ones, in the context of their lives and their countries. 
Analytical and creative written exercises will explore their efforts to find an emo- 
tional and spiritual home in America. Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long 
sophomore literature course. 

4121, 4122. Special Topics in Literature and Culture I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

Courses relating literature with aspects of social and intellectual history or a 

particular issue or theme. Possible offerings may include women in literature, Amer- 
ican civilization. Black (or other ethnic) literature, popular culture, the literature 
of a single decade, children's literature, and myth and folklore in literature. Usually 
offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore 
literature course. 

4123, 4124. Major British and American Authors I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

An intensive study of between one and five English and/or American writers. 
Usually offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long 
sophomore literature course. 

4126. Chaucer 3 hours 

Students in this course will learn to read and appreciate the works of Geoffrey 

Chaucer, the first great English poet, in his original language; to enjoy the rich and 
varied nature of his works; and to appreciate why he is called "the Father of Eng- 
lish." Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course, 
preferably 2123. 

4127. The Literature of King Arthur and Camelot 3 hours 

This course will acquaint students with the medieval origins of the Arthurian 

legends, the best of the contemporary versions of the legends, and the origins and 
nature of change effected in legends over time. Prerequisite: One semester of any 
year-long sophomore literature course. 

4129. Internship - English 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning oppor- 
tunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate a learn- 
ing contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and indices for 

101 



the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. Students are em- 
ployed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating business organi- 
zations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other professional settings: 
for instance, the Atlanta Historical Society, Atlanta newspapers and television sta- 
tions, and the Atlanta Botanical Garden. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory 
basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the 
internship program. 



Foreign Languages 



Students must take a language proficiency examination on the day of registra- 
tion or the first day of class. They will be placed in the course sequence according 
to their competence. Foreign students are not eligible for courses in their primary 
language. 

French 

A minor in French consists of the following courses: Intermediate French, Ad- 
vanced French Conversation, and Advanced French Composition. Two other courses 
selected from the following list also are required: 

4171 French Literature of the Ancien Regime 

4172 Modern French Literature 

4173 The Third Republic and Its Institutions 

4174 The Fifth Republic and Its Institutions 

4175 Franco-American Relations in Trade and Culture 

4177, 4178 Special Topics in Foreign Language, Literature, and 
Culture I, II 

Certain requirements may be met through an approved study abroad program. 
Students pursuing a minor in French are encouraged to spend a summer or semester 
studying in France or a French-speaking country. 

1173, 1174. Elementary French I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning college French designed to present a sound foundation 
in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing contemporary French. Prerequi- 
site: None for 1173; 1173 required for 1174, or placement by testing. 

2173. Intermediate French 3 hours 

A review of major points of grammar as well as further practice in developing 
oral and written skills. Introduction to a variety of unedited French texts. Prereq- 
uisite: 1174 or placement by testing. 

3173. Advanced French Conversation 3 hours 

The development of oral skills through practice in group settings and individual 

class presentations. Students will learn to express themselves orally on a number 
of different topics. Prerequisites: 1174 and 2173, or placement by testing. 

3174. Advanced French Composition 3 hours 

Weekly writing assignments in French to be revised on a regular basis form 

the central activity of the course. A study of style and grammatical forms used 
exclusively in the written language completes the course work. Prerequisites: 1174 
and 2173, or placement by testing. 

102 



4171. French Literature of the Ancien Regime 3 hours 

Selected texts from French literature prior to 1789 to be studied as examples 

of prose, poetry, and drama in the language. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 1 174 
and 2173, or placement by testing. 

4172. Modern French Literature 3 hours 

Selected texts from French literature from 1789 to the present day to be studied 

as examples of prose, poetry, and drama in the language. Taught in French. Pre- 
requisites: 1174 and 2173, or placement by testing. 

4173. The Third Republic and Its Institutions 3 hours 

A study of both political and cultural institutions in France from 1870 to 1940 

with emphasis on the traditions established by the new republican government in 
the late 19th century. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 1 174 and 2173, or placement 
by testing. 

4174. The Fifth Republic and Its Institutions 3 hours 

A study of both political and cultural institutions in contemporary France since 

the establishment of the present governing form in 1958. Emphasis on current issues 
under debate in France. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 1174 and 2173, or place- 
ment by testing. 

4175. Franco-American Relations in Trade and Culture 3 hours 

An orientation to French business and cultural communities and considerations 
of existing connections with their American counterparts. The course includes an 
introduction to commercial French. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 1 174 and 2173, 
or placement by testing. 

German 

1175, 1176. Elementary German I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning college German designed to develop the ability to 
understand, speak, read, and write contemporary German. Prerequisite: None for 
1175; 1175 required for 1176, or placement by testing. 

2175. Intermediate German I 3 hours 

Practice in speaking and understanding German, accompanied by review of 

grammar. Reading and discussion of short literary texts. Prerequisite: 1 1 76 or place- 
ment by testing. 

2176. Intermediate German II 3 hours 

Continuation of Intermediate German I. Practice in spoken German with added 

emphasis on writing. Reading materials include both contemporary topics and 
selections from literature. Video-taped materials provide further acquaintance with 
German speakers and culture. Prerequisite: 2175 or placement by testing. 

Japanese 

1177, 1178. Elementary Japanese I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning college Japanese designed to develop the ability to 
understand, speak, read, and write contemporary Japanese. Prerequisite: None for 
1177; 1177 for 1 1 78, or placement by testing. 

2177. 2178. Intermediate Japanese I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

These courses are a continuation of elementary Japanese, including vocabulary 

building, practice in writing Kana and Kan-Ji Chinese characters, and conversa- 
tional exercises. Japanese manners are studied in class through use of the spoken 
language. Prerequisite: 1178 or permission of the instructor. 

103 



V '"(i 



II Spanish 



'• I 



1171, 1172. Elementary Spanish I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

An elementary course in understanding, reading, writing, and speaking con- 
temporary Spanish, with emphasis on Latin American pronunciation and usage. 
Prerequisite: None for 1171; 1171 required for 1172 or placement by testing. 

2171. Intermediate Spanish I 3 hours 

Studies of the idiomatic and situational usage of the Spanish language. Pre- 
requisite: 1172 or placement by testing. 

2172. Intermediate Spanish II 3 hours 

Further studies of the idiomatic and situational usage of the Spanish language. 
Prerequisite: 2171 or placement by testing. 

4177, 4178. Special Topics in Foreign Language, Literature, 

and Culture I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which topical aspects of the literature 
and cultural phenomena associated with a given language are explored. Prerequi- 
site: Permission of the instructor. 

Music 

The music curriculum includes courses in music history, music theory, and 
performance. 

Minor 

To complete a minor in music a student must satisfy the following course 
requirements: 

2131 Music Theory I 

2132 Music Theory II 

2133 History of Music I 

2134 History of Music II 

3131 Music in the 20th Century: 1900-1950 or 

3132 Music in the 20th Century: 1950 to the Present 
A total of three semester hours of 1134 University Singers or 1136 Applied 
Instruction in Music also must be taken. 

C131. Music and Culture 3 hours 

The appreciation of music begins with an understanding of the creative process 
as a means of self-expression and the artist's relationship to the world. Using pri- 
mary sources, guest lecturers, and artists, this course will examine the styles, trends, 
and developments of Western and international music from early civilizations 
through the 20th century. Study and discussion will begin to develop an understand- 
ing of how music and the cultural arts reflect and affect societal trends and values. 

1134. University Singers 1 hour 

Study and performance of sacred and secular choral music. The Oglethorpe 
University Chorale is auditioned from members of the University Singers. Prereq- 
uisite: Permission of the instructor. 

104 



1135. Beginning Class Voice 1 hour 

An introduction to the basics of singing which includes posture, breath pressure, 

phonation, diction, tone, and intonation. A variety of easy vocal literature will be 
studied and performed. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

1136. Applied Instruction in Music 1 hour 

The study and practice of techniques and literature on an individual basis. 

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

2131, 2132. Music Theory I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A study of the materials and structure of music, including notation, scales, 
keys, rhythm, chord structure, basic harmonic progressions, elementary composi- 
tion, sight-singing, and keyboard skills. 

2133, 2134. History of Music I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A study of music with analysis of representative works from major historical 
periods. The first course covers the beginning of music through the Classical Period; 
the second course focuses on Beethoven and the Romantic Period. Prerequisite: 
C131 or permission of the instructor. 

3131. Music in the 20th Century: 1900-1950 3 hours 

A study of music in the first half of the 20th century with analysis of repre- 
sentative works and emphasis on its relationship to contemporary life and thought. 
Prerequisite: G131 or permission of the instructor. 

3132. Music in the 20th Century: 1950 to the Present 3 hours 

A study of music in the second half of the 20th century with analysis of rep- 
resentative works and with special emphasis on its relationship to contemporary life 
and thought. Prerequisite: C131 or permission of the instructor. 

4131. Independent Study in Music 1-2 hours 

This course is supervised research on a selected project or paper. It provides 
students an opportunity to study and analyze in depth a specific musical style, 
composer, work, etc. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4135. Internship - Music 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning oppor- 
tunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate a learn- 
ing contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and indices for 
the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. Students are em- 
ployed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating business organi- 
zations, governmental departments and agencies or in other professional settings: 
for instance, in a recording studio, in a company developing software designed for 
musicians, or in merchandising. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Pre- 
requisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship 
program. 



105 



Philosophy 



The philosophy program at Oglethorpe is intended to train the student in the 
skills of reading and understanding abstract, and often difficult, arguments. Stu- 
dents learn to think critically, to develop their own views, and to express their 
thoughts in clear, articulate prose. Although such skills are important in most 
occupations, philosophy is an especially good background for graduate study in 
business or law. 

Major 

The philosophy major consists of 10 courses in addition to Philosophical Con- 
ceptions of Reality and Human Life (C161) and Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 
(2190). These courses must include Ethics, Formal Logic, Ancient Philosophy (for 
which, if necessary, either Plato or Aristotle may be substituted), and any two 
courses from Medieval Philosophy, Early Modern Philosophy, and 19th-century Phi- 
losophy; plus five additional courses in philosophy. 

Minor 

The philosophy minor consists of six philosophy courses beyond Philosophical 
Conceptions of Reality and Human Life. These courses must include either Ethics 
or Formal Logic; any two courses from Ancient Philosophy, Medieval Philosophy, 
Early Modern Philosophy, or 19th-century Philosophy; plus three other philosophy 



C161. Philosophical Conceptions of Reality and Human Life 3 hours 

This course wall study the writings of four major thinkers, each of whom has 
attempted to work out a unified vision of reality and the place of human beings in 
it. The philosophers to be studied will be chosen from different periods in history 
and from different intellectual and cultural traditions; they may include such figures 
as Socrates, St. Augustine, Confucius, and Nietzsche. Studying the philosophies of 
these different thinkers will encourage students to reflect upon how they themselves 
view the world and their place in it, and upon how their own ways of thinking have 
evolved from earlier systems of thought. 

2160. Ancient Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the development of philosophical thought in the West prior to the 

rise of Christianity, from the beginning of non-mythological speculation around 500 
B.C., through the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and the later Hel- 
lenistic period, to the Neoplatonism of Plotinus around 250 A.D. Prerequisite: C161. 

2161. Medieval Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of Christian philosophical thought in the West, from the development 

of Christian doctrine in the early centuries A.D. (including the contribution of Greek 
philosophy to early Christian thought), through the rise of Scholasticism and its 
culmination in St. Thomas, to the late medieval Christian thought of Scotus and 
Occam. Prerequisite: C161. 

2162. Early Modern Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of philosophy in the West from the Renaissance to 1800, including 

Renaissance Humanism and the Reformation, the rise of science and its impact on 
subsequent thought, the "rationalist" systems of Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz, 

106 



the "empiricist" systems of Locke, Berkeley, and Hume, and the critical philosophy 
of Kant. Prerequisite: C16I. 

2163. 19th-century Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of Western philosophy in the 19th century, from the post-Kantian 

movement of German Idealism (Hegel), through Continental and British political 
and moral philosophy, the scientific philosophies of Positivism and Social Darwinism, 
the religious/anti-religious philosophies of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, and Ameri- 
can Pragmatism. Prerequisite: C161. 

2164. Formal Logic 3 hours 

Provides the student with the basic methods of differentiating between valid 

and invalid argument forms. Both the traditional techniques and the newer symbolic 
methods are introduced. Prerequisite: C161. 

2165. Ethics 3 hours 

A comparative study of the value systems of the past — those of Plato, Aristotle, 

Kant, Mill, and James among others — that may enable the student to arrive at a 
sense of obligation or responsibility. The implications of given systems for the prob- 
lems of vocation, marriage, economics, politics, war, and race also will be discussed. 
Prerequisite: C161. 

2166. Plato 3 hours 

A study of the philosophy of Plato through a reading of his major dialogues. 

In addition to the "Socratic" dialogues, readings will include the Phaedo, Phaedrus, 
Symposium, Republic, and Timaeus. Prerequisite: C161. 

2167. Aristotle 3 hours 

A study of the philosophy of Aristotle through a reading of his major works. 

Readings will include portions of the Logic, Physics, DeAnima, Metaphysics, and Nicom- 
achean Ethics. Prerequisite: C161. 

2225. Political Philosophy I: Ancient and Medieval 3 hours 

An examination of the origins of philosophical reflection on the fundamental 

issues of politics, which is designed to lead to the critical consideration of the 
political views of our time. Among the topics discussed are the relationship between 
knowledge and political power and the character of political justice. A selection of 
the works of Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, and others are examined. Prerequisites: C271 
and C272. 

2226. Political Philosophy II: Modern 3 hours 

A critical examination of the peculiarly modern political and philosophical 

stance beginning where Political Philosophy I concludes. Among the authors dis- 
cussed are Machiavelli, Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx, and Nietzsche. Prerequisite: 2225 
or permission of the instructor. 

3160. 20th-century Analytic Philosophy 3 hours 

A study of the analytic or linguistic movement in 20th-century philosophy as 

developed primarily in England and America. Includes the philosophy of Bertrand 
Russell, logical positivism, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and the "ordinary language" 
philosophy of Austin and Ryle. Prerequisite: C161. 

3161. 20th-century European Philosophy 3 hours 

A study of European philosophy in the 20th century, including an interpretive 

and critical analysis of the philosophy of "Existenz." Beginning with Kierkegaard 
and Nietzsche, traces the movements of existentialism and phenomenology through 
its major representatives such as Heidegger, Sartre, and Camus. Prerequisite: CI61. 

107 



»l '-Jl 



f 3162. Philosophy of Religion 3 hours 



An inquiry into the general subject of religion from the philosophical point of 

view. The course will seek to analyze concepts such as God, holiness, salvation, 

♦ ," worship, creation, sacrifice, eternal life, etc., and to determine the nature of reli- 

^ gious utterances in comparison with those of everyday life: scientific discovery, mo- 

, ' rality, and the imaginative expression of the arts. Prerequisite: CI 61. 

3163. Metaphysics (Theory of Reality) 3 hours 

An intensive study of selected issues which are basic to our thought about 

ourselves and the world. Included will be such topics as personal identity, fate, the 

■' ■' nature of space and time, and God as the cause of the universe. Prerequisite: C161. 

3165. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason 3 hours 

J A study of Kant's theoretical philosophy, his "metaphysics of experience," 

through a reading and analysis of his major work. An attempt will be made to 
discover which portions of ICant's philosophy can be accepted as valid and true in 
the light of present-day philosophy and science. Prerequisite: C161. 

3167. Indian Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of philosophical issues in the Veda and the Upanishads and in selected 
' later works. Will include such modern thinkers as Gandhi, Radhakrishnan, and 

' Tagore. Prerequisite: C161. 

_ I 3168. Chinese Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the religious and philosophical thought of China, including both 
the early era (Laotzu, Confucius, and Chuangtsu) and modern Chinese philosophy. 
Prerequisite: C161. 

, 3169. Japanese Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the development of Japanese philosophy from the 5th century A.D. 
j' to the present, including the Western influence on Japanese thought since 1877. 

^ " Prerequisite: CI 61. 

, ' 4161. Epistemology (Theory of Knowledge) 3 hours 

. A study of various issues concerned with the nature and validity of human 

' ',, knowledge. The topics studied will include the distinction between knowledge and 

'l'' belief, arguments for and against scepticism, perception and our knowledge of the 

' ' physical world, and the nature of truth. Prerequisite: C161. 

4162. Special Topics in Philosophy: Philosophers 3 hours 

; Intensive study of the thought of a single important philosopher or group of 

philosophers. Prerequisite: C161. 
' I 4163. Special Topics in Philosophy: Philosophical Issues and 

Problems 3 hours 

, ' Studies of selected philosophical questions usually of special relevance to the 

present day. Has included courses such as Philosophy of History, War and Its Jus- 
■ ( tification, and Philosophical Issues in Women's Rights. Prerequisite: C161. 

. ' 4165. Internship - Philosophy 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning oppor- 
tunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate a learn- 
ing contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and indices for 
'' the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. Students are em- 

, ' ployed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating business organi- 

[ i zations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other professional settings. 

108 



Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the fac- 
ulty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4166. Independent Study in Philosophy 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the instruc- 
tor. 



Writing 



Minor 

The writing minor consists of five different courses beyond Analytical Writing 
(or equivalent), chosen from the following: 

2190 Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 

2191 Intermediate Writing: Investigation 
3151 Journalism Workshop 

3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

3192 Creative Writing 

3193 Biography and Autobiography 
4190 Independent Study in Writing 

4198 Special Topics in Writing 

4199 Seminar for Student Tutors of Writing (must be taken three 
times to constitute one writing minor course) 

P190. Basic Composition 3 hours 

This course emphasizes the fundamentals of grammar and composition. Stu- 
dents assigned to this course take it as a prerequisite to C191. 

C191. Analytical Writing 3 hours 

This course will teach students how to raise intelligent questions about them- 
selves and the world around them. Writing will be presented as a tool for inquiry, 
emphasizing the development of analytical skills — especially the skills of uncovering 
assumptions, making tenable assertions in the form of persona! experience, textual 
material, or other appropriate modes of evidence. 

1198, 1199. English as a Second Language I, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

A course for international students. The "ESL" sequence is designed to prepare 
students for subsequent courses in English composition as well as for written 
assignments in college courses. 

2190. Inteimediate Writing: Persuasion 3 hours 

Expository writing for students who want to develop their skills beyond the 
level achieved in Analytical Writing; recommended background for upper-level writ- 
ing courses. Emphasis will be on presenting clear, coherent, and logical arguments. 
Reading and writing will be drawn from a range of disciplines, and students will be 
asked to analyze and revise their own writing. Prerequisite: CI 91 or equivalent. 

2191. Intermediate Writing: Investigation 3 hours 

Expository writing for students who want to develop their skills beyond the 

level achieved in Analytical Writing; recommended background for upper-level writ- 
ing courses. Emphasis will be on learning a wide range of research techniques and 
purposefully presenting information to a variety of audiences in appropriate format 
and style. Students will be asked to define their own investigative projects, and to 
analyze and revise their own writing. Prerequisite: C191 or equivalent. 



109 



. li 3191. Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 3 hours 

A course for students who have mastered the basic skills and insights of writing 

and who wish to improve their ability to write clear, concise, persuasive expository 

' ' prose. Oral presentations and practice in listening with accuracy constitute another 

) element of the course. Weekly writing assignments. Prerequisites: C19I and one 

I year-long literature sequence. 

3192. Creative Writing 3 hours 

Introduction to the theory and practice of writing poetry and prose fiction. The 
student will be asked to submit written work each week. Prerequisites: CI91, soph- 
' •' ', omore standing, and permission of the instructor. 

hi ' 3193. Biography and Autobiography 3 hours 

' ^ An introduction to theories of biographical and autobiographical writing; prac- 

tice in such forms of writing as the personal narrative, the profile, and the interview. 
' , , The class will follow a workshop format; a portfolio of revised work wall be presented 

I for evaluation at the end of the session. Prerequisite: 2190 or 2191, or permission 

,' p of the instructor. 

4190. Independent Study in Writing 3 hours 

Supervised independent writing project. Prerequisites: Permission of the in- 
' structor and the student must be pursuing a minor in writing. 

„ . I 4198. Special Topics in Writing 3 hours 

Study of a selected topic in the field of writing, such as Scientific and Technical 
'■., Writing, Oral History, Writing for Educators, or The Art of the Essay. The topic 

' will vary from year to year. Prerequisite: 2190 or 2191, or permission of the instruc- 

' It tor. 

'i 4199. Seminar for Student Tutors of Writing 1 hour 

Background and training for students working as "Peer Tutors" in Oglethorpe's 

Writing Center. One hour per week is devoted to discussion of the writing process 

and the process of responding to student writing. Students spend two to three hours 

I ' per week in the Writing Center under supervision of the Director of Writing, and 

,,! ' ■<! : are periodically evaluated through observation. Grade of Satisfactory/Unsatisfac- 

1'' tory. Prerequisites: One writing course beyond Analytical Writing and permission 

' ' of the Director of Writing. 



10 



Division II 

History, Politics 
and International Studies 




American Studies 



For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in American Studies, 
please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of this Bulletin. 



History 



The study of history introduces students to important events of the past and 
the people who played significant roles in them. Embracing the principal fields of 
liberal education, the study of history enlarges one's understanding of political 
organizations, economic arrangements, social institutions, religious experiences and 
various forms of intellectual expression. 

The history faculty at Oglethorpe University seeks to make its students aware 
of the constantly changing interpretations of the past and acquaint them with the 
increasing uses of the discipline in such fields as law, journalism, public relations, 
art, theology, diplomacy, and public service. Particular stress is placed on a mastery 
of the techniques of research which enhance one's usefulness in many fields of 
professional life. Archival careers and postgraduate studies in history are options 
with which Oglethorpe students become familiar. 

Major 

Students majoring in history are required to take a minimum of eight of the 
courses listed below, exclusive of courses used to meet core requirements. These 
eight must include at least one European history, one American history, and one 
Asian history course. Each student also is required to take Intermediate Writing: 
Investigation and five additional courses in related fields, as approved by the stu- 
dent's adviser. (Two foreign language courses beyond the first year may be included 
among these five.) 

Minor 

To complete a minor five courses beyond the core requirement must be taken. 

C211. The West and the Medieval World 3 hours 

This course will survey the origins and development of Christian Europe and 
its contacts and confrontations with states and societies outside the Western tra- 
dition. Topics include the consolidation of Christianity, the expansion of Islam in 
adjacent areas, and the emergence of medieval kingdoms, em.pires, and trading 
activity. In using primary documents for this study, students will encounter at first 
hand historians' sources and methods for assessing major figures, events, and proc- 
esses of change during a period critical to the development of the West. 

C212. The West and the Modern World 3 hours 

This course surveys the changing nature and growth of Western political and 
economic power, beginning with the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolu- 
tion. It also looks at challenges to Western power during the past centur)' and the 
nature of political, economic, and cultural interaction between Europe and other 
parts of the world. Prerequisite: C21 1. 

112 



1210. The Western Impulse: Pre-history to the Enlightenment 3 hours 

This course traces the political, economic, and cultural developments of West- 
ern civilization from their beginnings to the early 18th century. Emphasis is placed 
on Judeo-Christian traditions, Graeco-Roman culture, medieval societies, the Ren- 
aissance and Reformation, and early modern Europe. Texts and source materials 
are used to illustrate great personalities and their ideas. 

2210, 2211. Survey of Modern East Asian History I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This sequence will examine the modern political history of Japan and China 
from 1840 to 1950 and will include consideration of the domestic policies of the 
imperial and post-imperial governments as well as the foreign policies and inter- 
national strategies of the two states. Prerequisite: C212. 

2214. Special Topics in British History 3 hours 

An intensive investigation of a selected period or question in the history of 
Great Britain or the British Empire. Prerequisite: C212. 

2216. American History to 1865 3 hours 

A survey from Colonial times to 1865, concerned mainly with the major 

domestic developments of a growing nation. 

2217. American History Since 1865 3 hours 

A survey from 1865 to the present, concerned with the chief events which 

explain the growth of the United States to a position of world power. 

2218. Modern Southeast Asian History ,..3 hours 

This course will survey the colonial and post-colonial experiences of Southeast 

Asian states during the 20th century, focusing on political modernization and eco- 
nomic development policies in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, the Phil- 
ippines, and the Indochinese states of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Contemporary 
regional security and economic issues also will be considered. Prerequisites: C212 
and 2221, 2224, 3221, or permission of the instructor. 

3211. The Renaissance and Reformation 3 hours 

A study of the significant changes in European art, thought, and institutions 

during the period from 1300 to 1650. Prerequisite: C212. 

3212. Europe 1650-1815 3 hours 

A course examining European society between the Reformation and the Na- 
poleonic era. It will include the rise of the modern state, the economic revolution, 
constitutional monarchy, the Enlightenment, the Era of Revolution, and the Age of 
Napoleon. Prerequisite: C212. 

3213. Europe in the 19th Century 3 hours 

This course examines the domestic and foreign policies of the European Great 

Powers, new developments in politics and society, and the effects of the Industrial 
Revolution between the Congress of Vienna and World War I. Prerequisite: C212. 

3214. Europe Since 1918 3 hours 

An examination of European history since World War I, giving particular at- 
tention to the rise of the Communist, Fascist, and National Socialist movements in 
Russia, Italy, and Germany. It also will treat World War II and its aftermath. 
Prerequisite: C212. 

113 



3216. The People's Republic of China 3 hours 

This course will examine the chief domestic developments in China under 

Communist rule, from the establishment of the People's Republic government in 
1949 to that government's post-Tiananmen Square political crisis. China's foreign 
policy record, including its relations with the United States and the Soviet Union, 
also will be explored. Prerequisites: C212 and 2221, 2224, 3221, or permission of 
the instructor. 

3217. The Age of Affluence: The United States Since 1945 3 hours 

An interdisciplinary study of American life since World War II that emphasizes 

political, economic, and social developments. Foreign policy is considered principally 
with respect to its impact on domestic affairs. Prerequisite: C212. 

3218. Georgia History 3 hours 

This course is a chronological examination of the history of Georgia from the 

Colonial period to the 20th century. Emphasis is given to Old and New South 
themes, higher education development with attention to the history of Oglethorpe, 
the transition from rural to urban life, and Georgia's role in contemporary American 
life. Prerequisites: 2216, 2217, or permission of the instructor. 

3219. The Wars in Vietnam 3 hours 

This course will examine the development of Vietnamese nationalism from the 

French colonial period to the present. The focus will be on the development of the 
Communist-led nationalism movement from a local struggle against colonial rule 
to a major catalyst for confrontation among the Great Powers. The reunification of 
Vietnam in 1975 and its subsequent domestic and foreign policies also will be dis- 
cussed. Prerequisites: C212 and 2221, 2224, 3221, or permission of the instructor. 

3523. United States Economic History 3 hours 

A study of the origin and growth of the American economic system. The course 
provides a historical basis for understanding present problems and trends in the 
economy. Prerequisite: 1521. 

4211. Modern German History 3 hours 

A survey of German history in the 19th and 20th centuries, focusing on the 
unification of Germany in the 19th century, the Bismarckian state, the two world 
wars, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, and the division and subsequent 
reunification of Germany after World War 11. Prerequisites: C2I2 and one additional 
course in European history, or permission of the instructor. 

4212. Russian History 3 hours 

A survey of Russian history from the establishment of the Kievan state to the 

present. Special emphasis is placed upon the Soviet period, including such topics as 
the revolutions of 1917, the role of Lenin in the establishment of the Soviet state, 
the Stalin period. World War II, and developments up to the Gorbachev era. Pre- 
requisite: C212. 

4213. United States Diplomatic History 3 hours 

A study of major developments in American diplomacy from the end of the 

Revolution until 1945. Prerequisite: C212; recommended prerequisites: 2216 and 
2217. 

4214. The American Civil War and Reconstruction 3 hours 

A course for advanced history students emphasizing the causes of conflict, the 

wartime period, and major changes that occurred. Prerequisites: 2216 and 2217. 

114 



4216. Special Topics in History 3 hours 

Courses offered by division faculty members to respond to topical needs of the 
curriculum. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4218. Independent Study in History 1-3 hours 

Supervised preparation of a paper or research report for a senior project. Pre- 
requisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4219. Internship - History 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning oppor- 
tunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate a learn- 
ing contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and indices for 
the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. Students are em- 
ployed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating business organi- 
zations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other professional settings. 
Recent examples have been internships with the Atlanta Historical Society and the 
Georgia State Archives. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

International Studies 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in International Stud- 
ies, please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of this Bulletin. 

Politics 

The study of politics at Oglethorpe University focuses on the interpretation of 
events, both past and current, from a perspective informed by the study of political 
thought and institutions. In addition, students in this discipline develop their ca- 
pacity to compare analagous cases and to generalize. The ability to read difficult 
texts carefully and thoughtfully is especially important in political theory courses. 
Students of politics develop some tolerance for ambiguity and disagreement, while 
at the same time learning to appreciate the difference between informed and uni- 
formed opinion. The study of politics provides good training for life in a world that 
is, for better or worse, shaped profoundly by political institutions. It is especially 
appropriate for those interested in careers in law, business, teaching, journalism, 
and government. 

To engage in career exploration and to learn more about practical politics, 
majors are encouraged to seek internships. The University is able to arrange nu- 
merous exciting opportunities, including those available through its affiliations with 
The Washington Center for Internships and the Washington Semester Program of 
American University. While students may earn up to 15 semester hours of internship 
credit, only 6 may count toward the fulfillment of major requirements and 3 toward 
the fulfillment of minor requirements. 

Students majoring in politics also are encouraged to consider the possibility of 
studying abroad. Oglethorpe maintains affiliations with the American Institute for 
Foreign Study, Seigakuin University in Tokyo, and the Universidad de Belgrano in 
Buenos Aires, Argentina to facilitate such study. 

115 



Major 

The requirements for a major in politics are satisfactory completion of at least 
10 politics courses as well as four elective (non-core) courses in related subjects, no 
more than two of which maybe in the same subject. These "related subjects" include 
all history courses, as well as courses in philosophy, sociology, economics, quanti- 
tative methods, writing, or a foreign language, subject to the discretion of the 
student's adviser. 

All majors must take Introduction to Politics; courses in all four basic subfields 
of the discipline (American government, comparative politics, international rela- 
tions, and political philosophy) also must be taken. 

Minor 

To receive a minor, students must take at least five politics courses. These 
courses must fall in at least three of the four basic subfields of the discipline (Amer- 
ican government, comparative politics, international relations, and political philos- 
ophy). 

C271, C272. Human Nature and the Social Order I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

The courses in this year-long study are devoted to the careful study of classic 
texts that lie at the common roots of all the contemporary social sciences. The aim. 
is to show how contemporary social science is a form of "moral inquiry" that re- 
sponds to questions intelligent human beings have always asked. To this end, the 
focus will be on various compelling and distinctive treatments of the enduring 
questions about justice and the good life. The question will be posed whether there 
is a single or plural human good and whether this good (or these goods) can or 
must be pursued within the confines of a social or political order. Works will be 
studied by such thinkers as Aristotle, John Locke, Adam Smith, Alexis de Tocque- 
ville, and Max Weber. 

1222. Introduction to Politics ...3 hours 

An introduction to the fundamental questions of politics through an exami- 
nation of the American founding and political institutions. 

2221. United States Foreign Policy 3 hours 

A history of American foreign policy since 1945. Emphasis in this course is on 

the description, explanation, and evaluation of events and policies, not the study of 
policy-making as such. 

2222. Special Topics in Politics 3 hours 

Courses offered by division faculty members to respond to topical needs of the 

curriculum. 

2223. Constitutional Law 3 hours 

A systematic analysis of the place of constitutionalism in American government 

and politics. The Constitution as well as the Supreme Court's attempts to interpret 
and expound it are examined. Prerequisite: 1222. 

2224. International Relations 3 hours 

An introduction to the great debates about how to explain, conduct, and eval- 
uate foreign policy. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of nuclear weapons in 
the contemporary world and the question of why wars do and do not occur. Rec- 
ommended prerequisite: C212. 

116 



2225. Political Philosophy I: Ancient and Medieval 3 hours 

An examination of the origins of philosophical reflection on the fundamental 

issues of politics, designed to lead to critical consideration of present day political 
views of our time. Among the topics discussed are the relationship between knowl- 
edge and political power and the character of political justice. Works by Plato, 
Aristotle, Saint Thomas Aquinas, and others are examined. Prerequisites: C271 and 
C272. 

2226. Political Philosophy II: Modern 3 hours 

A critical examination of the peculiarly modern political and philosophical 

stance, beginning where Political Philosophy I concludes. Among the authors dis- 
cussed are Machiavelli, Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx, and Nietzsche. Prerequisite: 2225 
or permission of the instructor. 

3221. Comparative Government 3 hours 

An introduction to the study of the politics of countries other than the United 

States. The politics of Great Britain, France, Germany, Japan, the former Soviet 
Union, China, and selected third world governments are examined. Prerequisites: 
C212 and 1222. 

3222. American Political Parties 3 hours 

An in-depth study of the development of party organizations in the United 

States and an analysis of their bases of power. Prerequisite: 1222. 

3223. Congress and the Presidency 3 hours 

An examination of the original arguments for the current American govern- 
mental structure and the problems now faced by these institutions. Prerequisite: 
1222. 

3225. State and Local Government 3 hours 

A survey of the origin, development, and characteristic problems of state and 
local government in the United States. Prerequisite: 1222. 

4224. Internship - Politics 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide students a formalized, experiential learn- 
ing opportunity. Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations 
with cooperating political organizations, governmental departments and research 
institutions, or in other professional settings. In recent years, students have interned 
with the offices of Senators Sam Nunn and Wyche Fowler, in the Georgia State 
Legislature, at The Carter Center, with the League of Women Voters, and in various 
departments of the Georgia state government. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfac- 
tory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for 
the internship program. 

4225. Independent Study in Politics 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the instruc- 
tor. 

4227. Studies in Political Philosophy 3 hours 

An intensive examination of a text or theme introduced in the Political Phi- 
losophy sequence. Among the topics have been Rousseau's Emile, Kantian political 
philosophy, and Machiavelli's Discourses. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4228. Advanced Topics in International Relations 3 hours 

An in-depth treatment of one or more of the issues introduced in International 

Relations. Topics vary from year to year. Prerequisite: 2221 or 2224. 

117 



Division III 

Science and Mathematics 



I ■' 




The natural sciences and mathematics are integral parts of our complex and 
changing society. In keeping with the University's purpose of preparing humane 
generalists, the Division of Science and Mathematics introduces students both to 
the methods of inquiry of mathematics and science and also to the results of the 
efforts of scientists to understand physical and biological phenomena. Further, for 
students who major in one of the natural sciences or mathematics, the division's 
goals are to provide a thorough background in the major field and to assist students 
in clarifying and achieving their career goals. 

To ensure orderly completion of a major in one of the fields of the natural 
sciences or mathematics, the student should consult with the appropriate faculty 
members in the division at the time of the first registration. Careful planning of 
the program of study is important, so that the student is aware of departmental 
and divisional requirements and allowable options within the major. Each student 
must complete the core requirements as well as those departmental and divisional 
requirements that apply to the specific degree. 

Three semesters of the course Science Seminar are required for all science 
majors. A grade-point average of 2.0 or higher in all courses listed as required for 
the major must be achieved in order to graduate in one of the fields within the 
division. 



Biology 



The curriculum in biology provides a foundation in both classical and contem- 
porary biological concepts and prepares the student for continuing intellectual 
growth and professional development in the life sciences. These goals are achieved 
through completion of a set of courses that provide a comprehensive background 
in basic scientific concepts through lectures, discussions, writing and laboratory 
work. The program supplies the appropriate background for employment in re- 
search institutions, industry, and government; the curriculum also prepares students 
for graduate school and for professional schools of medicine, dentistry, veterinary 
medicine, and the like. Students planning to attend graduate or professional schools 
should recognize that admission to such schools is often highly competitive. Com- 
pletion of a biology major does not ensure admission to these schools. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in biology are as follows: in sequence, General 
Biology I and II, Genetics, Microbiology, Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy, Human 
Physiology plus three additional directed biology courses; General Chemistry I and 
II (with laboratories). Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories). Elementary 
Quantitative Analysis; General Physics I and II; Calculus I and Probability and 
Statistics; three semester hours of Science Seminar. (Three of the above listed 
courses. General Biology I, General Chemistry I, and a mathematics course, fulfill 
core requirements. They are thus not part of the msLJOT per se.) 

Minor 

The requirements for a minor in biology are General Biology I and II, Genetics, 
and Microbiology; students minoring in biology are not exempt from the prereq- 
uisites for the biology courses and thus also will complete General Chemistry I and 
II (with laboratories) and Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories). 

119 



1311, 1312. General Biology I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

An introduction to modern biology, these courses include the basic principles 
of plant and animal biology, with emphasis on structure, function, evolutionary 
relationships, ecology, and behavior. Lectures and laboratory. Prerequisite: 1311 
must precede 1312, and it is recommended that the courses be completed in con- 
secutive semesters. 

2311. Genetics 4 hours 

An introduction to the study of inheritance. The classical patterns of Mendelian 
inheritance are related to modern molecular genetics and to the control of metab- 
olism and development. Prerequisites: 1312, 1322, 2324, or concurrent enrollment. 

2312. Microbiology 4 hours 

An introduction to the biology of viruses, bacteria, algae, and fungi. Consid- 
eration is given to phylogentic relationships, taxonomy, physiology, and economic 
or pathogenic significance of each group. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: 231 1 
and 2325 or concurrent enrollment. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and dis- 
cussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one hour of 
credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the student has 
completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. Meetings of the 
science seminar are normally held twice each month during the regular academic 
year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and defend a paper for at 
least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period of enrollment; other 
seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, including members of the 
science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis the first two semesters; 
the third semester is letter-graded. 

3311. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 4 hours 

An intensive study of the structural aspects of selected vertebrate types. These 
organisms are studied in relation to their evolution and development. The laboratory 
involves detailed examination of representative vertebrate specimens. Prerequisites: 
2312 and 2325. 

3312. Human Physiology 4 hours 

A detailed analysis of human functions that deals primarily with the interac- 
tions involved in the operation of complex human systems. Lecture and laboratory. 
Prerequisites: 1341, 2325, and 3311. 

3313. Embryology 4 hours 

A course dealing with the developmental biology of animals. Classical obser- 
vations are considered along with more recent experimental embryolog)' in the 
framework of an analysis of development. In the laboratory, living and prepared 
examples of developing systems in representative invertebrates and vertebrates are 
considered. Prerequisites: 2312 and 2325. 

3316. Cell Biology 4 hours 

An in-depth consideration of cell ultrastructure and the molecular mechanisms 
of cell physiology. Techniques involving the culturing and preparation of cells and 
tissues for experimental examination are carried out in the laboratory. Prerequi- 
sites: 2312 and 2325. 

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3317. Vascular Plants 4 hours 

The biology of vascular plants is considered at levels of organization ranging 
from the molecular through the ecological. Studies of anatomy and morphology are 
pursued in the laboratory, and an independent project concerning plant hormones 
is required. Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. Prerequisites: 2312 
and 2325. 

3319. Special Topics in Biology 1-4 hours 

Advanced course and laboratory work, including independent studies, in various 
areas of biology. Approval by the student's faculty adviser and the chair of the 
division is required for off-campus activities. Prerequisite: Permission of the instruc- 
tor. 

4312. Ecology 4 hours 

A course dealing with the relationships between individual organisms and their 
environments. The emphasis is on the development of populations and interactions 
between populations and their physical surroundings. Lecture and laboratory. 
Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisites: 2312 and 2325. 

4314. Evolution 4 hours 

A course dealing with the various biological disciplines and their meaning in 

an evolutionary context. Also, a consideration of evolutionary mechanisms and the 
various theories concerning them. Prerequisites: 2311, 2312, and 2325. 

4315. Biochemistry 4 hours 

An introduction to the chemistry of living systems, this course will investigate 

the synthesis, degradation, and functions of various molecules within living orga- 
nisms. Central metabolic pathways and enzyme reaction mechanisms also will be 
studied. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: 1312 and 2325; recommended pre- 
requisite: 2321. 



Chemistry 



The chemistry program covers four general areas of chemistry: inorganic, or- 
ganic, physical, and analytical. The first half of a student's chemistry curriculum 
involves courses which present the fundamentals of the various areas. The second 
half of the curriculum consists of advanced courses which cover specialized topics 
in chemistry. In addition to factual knowledge about chemistry, the student gains 
an understanding about the scientific method and a systematic approach to re- 
search. A large portion of the chemistry curriculum includes laboratory courses. 
These courses teach the techniques and skills used in chemical experimentation. 

A student who has completed the Bachelor of Science program in chemistry 
has several career options. These options include technical or analytical work in a 
chemical laboratory and non-research positions in the chemical industry such as 
sales or marketing. Another option is to enter a graduate or professional school. 
Graduates interested in doing chemical research should pursue the M.S. or Ph.D. 
degrees. Those interested in professions such as medicine or dentistry, would enter 
the appropriate professional school after receiving the Bachelor of Science degree. 
Lastly, the chemistry major is an excellent preparation for careers as diversified as 
patent law and teaching. 



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Major 

The requirements for a major in chemistry are as follows: General Chemistry 
I and II (with laboratories), Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories), Ele- 
mentary Quantitative Analysis, Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis, Phys- 
ical Chemistry I and II (with laboratory), Inorganic Chemistry (with laboratory), 
Advanced Organic Chemistry and Organic Spectroscopy, and three semester hours 
of Science Seminar. (General Chemistry I fulfills the core requirement in physical 
science and is therefore not a requirement of the maior per se.) 

Minor 

The requirements for a minor in chemistry are as follows: General Chemistry 
I and II (with laboratories). Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories). Ele- 
mentary Quantitative Analysis, and one additional three- or four-semester hour 
chemistry course. 

1321, 1322. General Chemistry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

An introduction to the fundamental principles of chemistry, including a study 
of the theories of the structure of atoms and molecules and the nature of the 
chemical bond; the properties of gases, liquids, and solids; the rates and energetics 
of chemical reactions; the properties of solutions; chemical equilibria; electro-chem- 
istry, and the chemical behavior of representative elements. Prerequisites or core- 
quisites: 1331; 1332; 1321 must precede 1322; L321; and L322. 

L321, L322. General Chemistry Laboratory I, II 1 plus 1 hour 

The laboratory course is designed to complement 1321 and 1322. Various lab- 
oratory techniques will be introduced. Experiments will demonstrate concepts cov- 
ered in the lecture material. Corequisites: 1321 and 1322. 

2321. Elementary Quantitative Analysis 5 hours 

An introduction to elementary analytical chemistry, including gravimetric and 

volumetric methods. Emphasis in lectures is on the theory of analytical separations; 
solubility; and complex, acid-base, and redox equilibria. The course includes two 
three-hour laboratory periods per week, during which analyses are carried out il- 
lustrating the methods discussed in lecture. Intended for both chemistry majors 
and those enrolled in pre-professional programs in other physical sciences and in 
the health sciences. Prerequisite: 2325. 

2322. Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis 3 hours 

A discussion of the principles and applications of modern instrumentation used 
in analytical chemistry. Methods discussed are primarily non-optical, including an 
overview of electrochemistry; potentiometric methods, including use of pH and 
other ion meters; electrogravimetry; coulometry; polarography; amperometry; and 
gas- and liquid-chromatography. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. 
Prerequisite: 2321. 

2324, 2325. Organic Chemistry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

An introductory course in the principles and theories of organic chemistry. The 
structure, preparation, and reactions of various functional groups will be investi- 
gated. Emphasis will be on synthesis and reaction mechanisms. Prerequisites: 1322, 
2324 must precede 2325; corequisites: L324 and L325. 

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L324, L325. Organic Chemistry Laboratory I, II 1 plus 1 hour 

The laboratory course is designed to complement 2324 and 2325. Various tech- 
niques, such as distillation, extraction, and purification, are studied in the first 
semester. The second semester involves synthesis and identification of a variety of 
organic compounds. Corequisites: 2324 and 2325. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and dis- 
cussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one hour of 
credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the student has 
completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. Meetings of the 
science seminar are normally held twice each month during the regular academic 
year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and defend a paper for at 
least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period of enrollment; other 
seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, including members of the 
science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis the first two semesters; 
the third semester is letter-graded. 

3322, 3323. Physical Chemistry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A systematic study of the foundations of chemistry. Particular attention is paid 
to thermodynamics, including characterization of gases, liquids, solids, and solutions 
of electrolytes and nonelectrolytes; the First, Second, and Third Laws; spontaneity 
and equilibrium; phase diagrams and one- and two-component systems; electro- 
chemistry; and an introduction to the kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. Ad- 
ditionally, both phenomenological and mechanistic kinetics are presented, as is a 
brief introduction to quantum mechanics. Prerequisites: 1336; 3322 must precede 
3323; 2325; and 2342. 

3325. Physical Chemistry Laboratory 2 hours 

Intended to complement the physical chemistry lecture course, this course 
provides the student with an introduction to physico-chemical experimentation. 
Corequisite: 3323. 

4321. Inorganic Chemistry 3 hours 

A study of the principles of modern inorganic chemistry, including atomic 

structure; molecular structure; ionic bonding; crystal structures of ionic solids, a 
systematic study of the behavior of inorganic anions; coordination chemistry, in- 
cluding structure and mechanisms of aqueous reactions; and acids and bases. 
Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. Prerequiste or corequisite: 3323. 

4322. Advanced Organic Chemistry 4 hours 

A discussion of selected reactions and theories in organic chemistry. Emphasis 
is placed on reaction mechanisms and reactive intermediates encountered in organic 
synthesis. The course includes one three-hour laboratory period per week for in- 
dependent organic synthesis and mechanistic studies. Offered fall semester of even- 
numbered years. Prerequisite: 2325. 

4323. Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory 2 hours 

Intended to complement the inorganic chemistry course, this course provides 

experience in the methods of preparation and characterization of inorganic com- 
pounds. Corequisite: 4321. 

123 



4324. Organic Spectroscopy 4 hours 

A course dealing with several spectroscopic methods as applied to organic mol- 
ecules. The principles and interpretation of ultra-violet, visible, infrared, mass and 
nuclear magnetic resonance spectra will be studied. This course includes one three- 
hour laboratory period per week using various spectrometers for qualitative and 
quantitative analysis. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisite: 
2325. 

4325. Advanced Topics in Chemistry 1-4 hours 

Advanced topics will be offered in the following fields: Organic Chemistry, 

Organic Qualitative Analysis, Biochemistry, Theoretical Chemistry, and Advanced 
Inorganic Chemistry. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4327. Independent Study in Chemistry 1-3 hours 

This course is intended for students of senior standing who wish to do inde- 
pendent laboratory and/or theoretical investigations in chemistry. Prerequisite: Per- 
mission of the instructor. 

General Science 

The physical science and biological science courses are appropriate for students 
who have a good background in algebra but a minimal one in other sciences. Stu- 
dents with excellent preparation in the sciences may elect one of the regular lecture- 
and-laboratory courses in biology, chemistry, or physics. Such courses fulfill the core 
requirements that also can be rnet by the physical science and biological science 
courses. For Physical Science, satisfactory completion of the core mathematics 
requirement or approval of the instructor is required as a prerequisite. 

C351. Natural Science: The Physical Sciences 3 hours 

This topically-oriented course will examine the many facets of scientific inves- 
tigation. These include the underlying assumptions, the limitations, the provisional 
nature, and the power of the scientific process, as well as the influences of science 
on other aspects of human activity. Experimentation is the hallmark of scientific 
investigation. As such, laboratory experimentation will be a distinguishing feature 
of this course. Course time devoted to experimentation in the laboratory, as well 
as inside and outside the classroom, will intertwine with time devoted to discussion 
and lecture. Natural Science: The Physical Sciences will deal with a topic drawn 
from the physical sciences. These will include but not be limited to: Chemistry, 
Descriptive Astronomy, History of Science, Meteorology, Modern Scientific Per- 
spectives of the Universe, and Oceanography. 

C352. Natural Science: The Biological Sciences 3 hours 

This course is designed to examine the many facets of scientific investigation. 
Laboratory experimentation will be an important feature, with course time devoted 
to experimentation in the laboratory as well as the classroom. Rather than a survey 
of the entire field of biology, this effort will be directed toward specific topics such 
as, but not limited to: Cancer, Cell Biology, Human Biology, Ecology, and Evolution. 

4356. Internship - Science 1-6 hours 

Internships in the natural sciences and mathematics provide students the op- 
portunity to acquire valuable experiences in areas that are of special interest to 
them. Under the guidance of a faculty supervisor and an on-site director, structured 

124 



activities are planned to ensure that learning objectives are achieved. The Centers 
for Disease Control, the Georgia Retardation Center and numerous medical, in- 
dustrial, and research facilities have welcomed Oglethorpe students as interns. 
Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the fac- 
ulty supervisor and qualification for the internship progam. 

Mathematics 

Mathematics is both an art and a science. Students taking mathematics courses 
at Oglethorpe will encounter both the art of creative thought and the science of 
logical thought. Problem-solving capabilities are developed in mathematics courses. 
Since such skills are essential in all fields of endeavor, mathematics makes an 
important contribution to a liberal arts education. 

In particular, mathematics provides fundamental tools for analysis of problems 
in the physical, biological, and social sciences, as well as in such areas as economics 
and business. Also, opportunities are provided to pursue the more theoretical as- 
pects of mathematics, which are integral to its further development. 

A major in mathematics provides a core of mathematics essential for graduate 
study or immediate employment. Students with mathematical training at the un- 
dergraduate level are sought by employers in business, government, and industry. 
Career opportunities for mathematics majors exist in areas such as computer pro- 
gramming, operations research, statistics, and applied mathematics. 

Major 

The object of the course of studies leading to a major in mathematics is to 
provide the student with a comprehensive background in classical analysis and a 
broad introduction to the topics of modern and contemporary mathematics. The 
following mathematics courses are required: Calculus I, II, III, and IV, plus Differ- 
ential Equations, Discrete Mathematics, Linear Algebra, Abstract Algebra, Complex 
Analysis, and Special Topics in Mathematics. Students also are required to take 
three semester hours of Science Seminar. In addition, students are required to take 
one of the following four courses: College Physics I, College Physics II, Principles 
of Computer Programming, or Probability and Statistics. 

Minor 

The required course work for a minor in mathematics consists of Calculus I, 
II, III, and rV plus two of the following: Differential Equations, Discrete Mathe- 
matics, Linear Algebra, Abstract Algebra, or Complex Analysis. 

P331. Intermediate Algebra 3 hours 

An introductory course covering intermediate algebra preparatory to a college 
algebra course, it will (1) offer students review and reinforcement of previous math- 
ematics learning, and (2) provide mature students with a quick but thorough train- 
ing in basic algebra skills. Does not satisfy the core requirements in mathematics. 

1331. College Algebra 3 hours 

A course designed to equip students with the algebra skills needed for calculus. 
Topics include graphing, functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, systems 
of equations and inequalities, zeros of polynomials, and sequences. Prerequisite: 
P331 or by examination. Does not satisfy the core requirement in mathematics. 

125 



1332. College Trigonometry 3 hours 

A trigonometry course designed to prepare students for calculus. Topics include 

trigonometric functions, graphing, identities, solving triangles, inverse trigonome- 
tric functions, polar coordinates, complex numbers, and analytic geometry. Prereq- 
uisite: 1331 or by examination. Does not satisfy the core requirement in 
mathematics. 

1333. ^plied Calculus 3 hours 

The goal of this course is to present calculus in an intuitive yet intellectually 
satisfying way and to illustrate the many applications of calculus with particular 
emphasis on the applications to the management sciences, business, economics, and 
the social sciences. This is the recommended calculus course for students in busi- 
ness, economics, and other social sciences. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

1335, 1336. Calculus I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This is the first year of a two-year sequence. The courses will provide an intro- 
duction to the fundamental concepts of calculus, including limits, continuity, the 
derivative, applications of the derivative, the Riemann integral, techniques of in- 
tegration, and applications of the integral. Prerequisites: 1332 or by examination; 
1335 must precede 1336. 

2331, 2332. Calculus III, IV 3 plus 3 hours 

The first semester treats mainly plane and solid analytic geometry, infinite 
series, vectors and parametric equations from the viewpoint of calculus. The second 
semester deals with partial differentiation, multiple integration, and vector analysis. 
Prerequisites: 1336; 2331 must precede 2332. 

2333. Differential Equations 3 hours 

The course treats elementary methods of solution of ordinary linear homoge- 
neous and inhomogeneous differential equations with a variety of applications. Pre- 
requisite: 1336. 

2334. College Geometry 3 hours 

A study of the development of Euclidean geometry from different postulate 

systems. 

2335. Discrete Mathematics 3 hours 

A rigorous course in the principal areas of modern discrete mathematics. This 

course provides an introduction to the interrelationships between mathematics and 
computer science. Topics include mathematical logic, set theory, boolean algebra, 
combinatorics, and graph theory. Prerequisite: 1336. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and dis- 
cussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one hour of 
credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the student has 
completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. Meetings of the 
science seminar are normally held twice each month during the regular academic 
year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and defend a paper for at 
least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period of enrollment; other 
seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, including members of the 
science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis the first two semesters; 
the third semester is letter-graded. 

126 



2518. Probability and Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular em- 
phasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and corre- 
lation analysis. Prerequisite: P331 or by examination. 

3331. Complex Analysis 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to introduce the fundamental ideas of complex 
analysis to students in mathematics, engineering, computer science, and physics. 
The course will focus on both the pure and applied aspects of the subject. Topics 
include complex numbers, analytic functions, elementary functions, integrals, series, 
residues and poles, mapping by elementary functions, and conformal mapping. Pre- 
requisite: 2332. 

3334. Linear Algebra 3 hours 

This course includes a study of systems of equations, matrix algebra, deter- 
minants, vector spaces, linear transformations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, along 
with numerous applications of these topics. Prerequisites: 1335 and 1336. 

3335. Abstract Algebra 3 hours 

A study of the important structures of modern algebra, including groups, rings, 

and fields. Prerequisite: 3334. 

4333. Special Topics in Mathematics 3 hours 

Selected topics designed to complete the requirements for a major in mathe- 
matics. Topics include real analysis, topology, number theory, probability, advanced 
abstract algebra, differential geometry, etc. Recommended for the junior or senior 
year. Prerequisites: will depend on the topic but will include a minimum of 2332, 
3334, and permission of the instructor. 

4337. Independent Study in Mathematics 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic in mathematics. Prerequisite: Permis- 
sion of the faculty supervisor. 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Mathematics and 
Computer Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of this Bulletin. 



Medical Technology 



Medical technologists play an important role in the delivery of modern health 
care. Although hospitals and clinics are their traditional sites of employment, med- 
ical technologists also find opportunities in many other situations, such as com- 
mercial testing laboratories, medical and pharmaceutical research facilities, and in 
the sales and demonstration of technical instruments. 

Students working toward the degree of Bachelor of Science in Medical Tech- 
nology undertake their clinical training at an approved institution after successful 
completion of prerequisite academic course work at Oglethorpe University. Prereq- 
uisites for clinical programs vary among institutions; therefore, students should seek 
additional advisement from the program to which they are applying. This will enable 
the student and the Oglethorpe adviser to design the proper sequence of courses 



127 



and to establish an appropriate time frame for completion of degree requirements. 
Courses to be completed at Oglethorpe will usually include the followdng: General 
Biology I and II, Microbiology, Human Physiology, General Chemistry I and II (with 
laboratories), Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories). Elementary Quanti- 
tative Analysis, College Algebra or Calculus I, and appropriate core courses. At least 
60 semester hours must be completed at Oglethorpe in order to be eligible for an 
Oglethorpe degree in medical technology. 



Physics 



The physics curriculum is designed to provide well-rounded preparation in 
classical and modern physics. The successful completion of this program will prepare 
the graduate to gain admission to one of the better graduate programs in physics 
or a related scientific field, or to secure employment in a technical, scientific, or 
engineering setting. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in physics are as follows: College Physics I and 
II and Calculus I and II are to be taken concurrently (preferably in the freshman 
year); Classical Mechanics I and II and Calculus III and Calculus FV (suggested for 
the sophomore year); Electricity and Magnetism I and II, Differential Equations, 
and either Mathematical Physics or Complex Analysis (junior year); Thermal and 
Statistical Physics; Advanced Physics Laboratory I and II; Introduction to Modern 
Physics I and II; Introduction to Modern Optics; and Special Topics in Theoretical 
Physics. In addition, all physics majors must take three semester hours of Science 
Seminar. Examination is generally required to transfer credit for any of these 
courses (College Physics I and Calculus I fulfill core requirements and are therefore 
not part of the major per se.) 

Minor 

A minor in physics is offered to provide students with an opportunity to 
strengthen and broaden their educational credentials either as an end in itself or 
as an enhancement of future employment prospects. The requirement for the phys- 
ics minor is 10 semester hours of physics course work numbered 2343 or higher. 

1341, 1342. General Physics I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

An introductory course without calculus. Fundamental aspects of mechanics, 
heat, light, sound, and electricity are included. The text will be on the level of 
Miller, College Physics. Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per week. Pre- 
requisites: 1332; 1341 must precede 1342. 

2341, 2342. College Physics I, II 5 plus 5 hours 

Introductory physics with calculus. Subject matter is the same as in general 
physics but on a level more suited to physics majors, engineering majors, etc. One 
year of calculus as a prerequisite is preferred, otherwise calculus must be taken 
concurrently. The text will be on the level of Halliday and Resnick, Fundamentals of 
Physics. Prerequisite: 2341 must precede 2342. 

128 



2343, 2344. Classical Mechanics I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This is the student's first introduction to theoretical physics. Lagrangian and 
Hamiltonian methods are developed with Newton's laws of motion and applied to 
a variety of contemporary problems. Emphasis is placed on problem work, the object 
being to develop physical intuition and facility for translating physical problems into 
mathematical terms. The text will be on the level of Analytical Mechanics by Fowles. 
Prerequisites: 1336 and 2342; 2343 must precede 2344. 

2345. Fundamentals of Electronics 4 hours 

A laboratory course designed primarily for science majors and dual degree 
engineering students. Coverage includes DC and AC circuits, semi-conductor de- 
vices, amplifiers, oscillators and digital devices. The intent is to provide a working 
understanding of common instrumentation in science and technology. Prerequisite: 
1342 or 2344. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and dis- 
cussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one hour of 
credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the student has 
completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. Meetings of the 
science seminar are normally held twice each month during the regular academic 
year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and defend a paper for at 
least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period of enrollment; other 
seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, including members of the 
science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis the first two semesters; 
the third semester is letter-graded. 

3331. Complex Analysis 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to introduce the fundamental ideas of complex 
analysis to students in mathematics, engineering, computer science, and physics. 
The course will focus on both the pure and applied aspects of the subject. Topics 
include complex numbers, analytic functions, elementary functions, integrals, series, 
residues and poles, mapping by elementary functions, and conformal mapping. Pre- 
requisite: 2332. 

3341, 3342. Electricity and Magnetism I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A thorough introduction to one of the two fundamental disciplines of classical 
physics, using vector calculus methods. After a brief review of vector analysis, the 
first semester will treat electrostatic and magnetic fields, and provide an introduc- 
tion to the special theory of relativity. The second semester will develop electro- 
dynamics, including Maxwell's equations, the propagation of electromagnetic waves, 
radiation and the electromagnetic theory of light. The treatment will be on the 
level of the text of Reitz, Milford and Christy. It is recommended that 2333 be 
taken concurrently. Prerequisites: 2332 and 2342; 3341 must precede 3342. 

3343. Thermal and Statistical Physics 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to provide physics, engineering, and chemistry 
majors with a fundamental understanding of heat and the equilibrium behavior of 
complex systems. Topics will include the zeroth, first and second laws of thermo- 
dynamics with applications to closed and open systems; microcanonical and can- 
onical ensembles for classical and quantum systems, with applications to ideal gases, 

129 



specific heats, blackbody radiation, etc.; the kinetic description of equilibrium prop- 
erties. Text will be on the level of Kestin and Dorfman or Zemansky. Prerequisites: 
1336 and 2342. 

3344. Advanced Physics Laboratory I 1 hour 

Laboratory work will emphasize classic experiments such as the ballistic pen- 
dulum, hard sphere scattering, the Millikan oil drop experiment, the Michelson 
interferometer, etc. Emphasis also will be placed on measuring fundamental con- 
stants such as the speed of light, h, G, e and e/m. Prerequisite: 2342. 

3345. Advanced Physics Laboratory II 1 hour 

Laboratory work will emphasize modern physics in areas such as microwave 

optics, superconductivity, measurements of magnetic fields, electron spin resonance, 
the Franck-Hertz experiment, laser optics, etc. Prerequisites: 3344 and 4341. 

3346. Introduction to Modern Optics 4 hours 

A standard intermediate-level optics course which will treat the basics of wave 

theory and the electromagnetic origin of optical phenomena, geometrical optics, 
physical optics including Fourier optics, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, and 
dispersion. The course will conclude with some consideration of current topics such 
as holography, quantum optics, and non-linear optics. Prerequisites: 2333 and 2342. 

4341, 4342. Introduction to Modern Physics I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

For physics, engineering, and chemistry majors, this is a one-year sequence 
that discusses the most important developments in 20th-century physics. The first 
semester will review special relativity and treat the foundations of quantum physics 
from an historical perspective, the quantum theory of one-electron atoms will be 
developed. In the second semester, there will be a treatment of many-electron 
atoms, molecules, and solids, with an introduction to nuclear and elementary par- 
ticle physics. The text will be on the level of Eisberg and Resnick, Quantum Physics. 
Prerequisites: 2342 and 3342; 4341 must precede 4342. 

4343. Special Topics in Theoretical Physics 1-3 hours 

Topics to be chosen in accordance with the student's interest include laser 
physics, plasma physics, theory of the solid state, nuclear and particle physics, 
astrophysics, and cosmology. 

4345. Mathematical Physics 3 hours 

This course will examine a variety of mathematical ideas and methods used in 
physical sciences. Topics may include: vector calculus; solutions of partial differ- 
ential equations, including the wave and heat equations; special functions; eigen 
value problems; Fourier analysis and mathematical modeling, particularly numeri- 
cal, computer methods. Prerequisite: 2333. 

4347. Independent Study in Physics 1-3 hours 

Supervised study of a topic of interest to the student, which is not treated in 
the regularly scheduled course offerings. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 



130 



Division IV 

Behavioral Sciences 




American Studies 



For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in American Studies, 
please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of this Bulletin. 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Business Admin- 
istration and Behavioral Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of 
this Bulletin. 



Psychology 



Psychology uses scientific methods to study a broad range of topics related to 
behavior and mental processes, including motivation, learning and memory, human 
development and personality, psychological disorders, social interaction, and phy- 
siologial bases for behavior and thought. The study of psychology should help a 
student to develop skills in three basic areas: skills associated with the scientific 
method, including data collection, analysis, and interpretation; skills that are useful 
in the construction and evaluation of theories, such as analytic and synthetic rea- 
soning; and skills in human relations through which the student learns to become 
a more precise and more tolerant observer of human behavior and individual dif- 
ferences. Many students with a background in psychology choose careers in psy- 
chology-related fields, such as counseling, psychotherapy, or research, but many 
others choose careers that are not so directly tied to psychology. For example, 
psychology provides a good background for careers in law, education, marketing, 
management, public relations, publishing, and communications. 

Major 

The major consists of at least nine psychology courses beyond Psychological 
Inquiry, including Probability and Statistics, Research Design, Advanced Experi- 
mental Psychology, and History and Systems of Psychology. Psychology majors also 
are expected to complete the following three directed electives: General Biology I 
and II, and either a third semester of a laboratory science, an upper-level philosophy 
course or Introduction to Linguistics. A "C" average in major course work is re- 
quired for graduation. The degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Minor 

A minor in psychology consists of any five psychology courses beyond Psycho- 
logical Inquiry. No course can be used to satisfy both major and minor requirements. 

C462. Psychological Inquiry 3 hours 

This course presents a unique way of understanding ourselves: the use of the 
empirical method to obtain information about human and animal behavior. Psy- 
chological experimentation will be shown to contribute to human self-understanding 
through its production of interesting, reliable, and often counterintuitive results. 
Topics to be considered will include obedience to authority, learned helplessness, 
dreaming, language acquisition, and the experience of pain. These topics will be 

132 



examined from a variety of potentially conflicting perspectives: behavioral, cogni- 
tive, developmental, biological, and psychoanalytic. This course serves as a prereq- 
uisite for all upper-level courses in psychology. 

2462. Child/Adolescent Psychology 3 hours 

The ways in which individuals interact with the world and each other change 
dramatically from birth to adolescence. This course will trace these developments, 
particularly those of cognition, social behavior, and self-concept. The factors influ- 
encing development, such as heredity and the social/cultural environment, will be 
emphasized. Prerequisite: C462. 

2464. Organizational Psychology 3 hours 

A psychological study of work behavior and an examination of the complex 
social variables that are a part of the work environment. Prerequisite: C462. 

2465. Learning and Conditioning 3 hours 

Making use of data obtained in the laboratory and in natural settings, this 

course examines the means by which humans and animals seek and acquire infor- 
mation, develop internal records of the spatial and temporal structure of their 
surroundings, make correlational or predictive inferences, and express these infer- 
ences behaviorally. Prerequisite: C462; recommended prerequisite: 2518. 

2473. Social Psychology 3 hours 

A course concerned with the behavior of individuals in groups, including attri- 
bution, attitudes, aggression, and altruism. Prerequisite: C462. 

2518. Probability and Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular em- 
phasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and corre- 
lation analysis. Prerequisite: P331 or by examination. 

3461. Research Design 4 hours 

A combination lecture-laboratory course emphasizing the design and execution 

of research in the behavioral sciences. Prerequisites: C462 and 2518. 

3462. Advanced Experimental Psychology 4 hours 

A combination seminar-laboratory course that includes in-depth analysis of the 

findings and theories pertaining to simple and complex learning and areas of con- 
troversy, with an emphasis on understanding the design of controlled experiments 
and the relationship between theory and data. Prerequisite: 3461. 

3463. Psychological Testing 3 hours 

A study of the selection, evaluation, administration, interpretation, and prac- 
tical uses of tests of intelligence, aptitudes, interest, personality, social adjustment, 
and tests commonly used in industry. Prerequisites: C462 and 2518. 

3464. Psychology of Leadership 3 hours 

A study of leadership as it has been defined in psychological theory and re- 
search. The format is designed to help students to develop effective leadership skills. 
Prerequisite: C462. 

3465. Theories of Personality 3 hours 

A study of the ideas of several representative theories concerned with person- 
ality. A comparison of theories is made and a suggested framework for evaluation 
of each theory is presented. Prerequisite: C462. 

133 



3466. Abnormal Psychology 3 hours 

An introduction to the psychological aspects of behavior disorders. Included 

are descriptive and explanatory studies of a variety of mental disorders, their related 
conditions, and methods of treatment. Prerequisite: C462. 

3467. Cognitive Psychology 3 hours 

The course explores the nature and function of human thought processes. 

Topics to be considered include perception, attention, remembering and forgetting, 
mental imagery, psycholinguistics, problem-solving, and reasoning. Prerequisite: 
C462. 

3468. Neuroscience I: Foundations 3 hours 

This course will cover the anatomy, pharmacology, and physiology of the nerv- 
ous system, neural development, and the establishment of synapses. There will be 
extensive consideration of the sensory systems, neural mechanisms of bodily move- 
ment, and the bases for motor pathology. Recent developments in the study of 
neural-immune interactions will be presented. Prerequisites: C462 and 1312. 

3469. Neuroscience II: Behavior 3 hours 

Topics in this course will include neural and hormonal mechanisms underlying 

sleep, biological rhythms, aggression, hunger, brain stimulation reward, reproduc- 
tive behavior, and drug self-administration. An examination will be made of the 
current views on the neural bases of learning and memory, hemispheric asymmetry 
and localization of function, and the neural mechanisms underlying schizophrenia, 
depression, anxiety, epilepsy, and Alzheimer's disease. Prerequisite: 3468. 

4461. History and Systems of Psychology 3 hours 

A study of the historic development of modern psychology, covering its philo- 
sophical and scientific ancestry, the major schools of thought, and the contemporary 
systems of psychology, and their theoretical and empirical differences. Recom- 
mended for the senior year. Prerequisite: C462. 

4462. Seminar in Psychology 3 hours 

A seminar providing examination and discussion of various topics of contem- 
porary interest in psychology. Prerequisites: C462 and one additional psychology 
course. 

4463. Directed Research in Psychology 3 hours 

Original investigations and detailed studies of the literature in selected areas 

of psychology. Emphasis will be on original research. Prerequisites: 3462 and per- 
mission of the instructor. 

4464. Advanced Topics in Clinical Psychology 3 hours 

Examination and discussion of topics of contemporary interest in clinical 

psychology. Prerequisites: 3465 and 3466. 

4465. Internship - Psychology 1-6 hours 

Internships in psychology are designed to provide students the opportunity to 

acquire valuable experiences in settings where psychology is practiced. A faculty 
member and on-site supervisor provide guidance to the student in selecting appro- 
priate activities and achieving specific learning objectives. Successful internships in 
recent years have been completed in a variety of settings including Charter Brook 
Hospital, Yerkes Primate Center, Elrick and Lavidge marketing research firm, and 

134 



the DeKalb Headstart program. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Pre- 
requisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship 
program. 

4466. Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior 3 hours 

A study of the actions of psychoactive drugs, particularly those associated with 

addiction and abuse (opioids, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens) and those used 
to treat mental illness (anti-anxiety drugs, antidepressants, antipsychotics, anti- 
epileptics). Pertinent legal, social, and political issues also will be discussed. Pre- 
requisite: C462; recommended prerequisite: 1312. 

4467. Social and Personality Development 3 hours 

This course explores in depth the theories, methods, and conclusions of exper- 
imental studies of the socialization and individualization of the child. Topics such 
as neonatal social capacities, attachment, infant self-concept, peer relations, gender 
identity, egocentricism, theory of mind, moral development, and personal identity 
will be studied via lecture, discussion, and class presentations. Prerequisite: 2462. 

4468. Independent Study in Psychology 1-3 hours 

An intense study of diverse topics under the direct supervision of the instructor. 

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 



Sociology 



Sociology is the scientific study of human society and social behavior. The topics 
of the field include: criminal behavior, social stratification, demographic trends, and 
the family. Sociology is a liberal arts major in the truest sense of the term. Besides 
increasing one's insights into the social world, sociology gives one many opportun- 
ities to write and to improve one's mathematical skills. Career opportunities open 
to sociologists include work in criminology, demography, marketing, and journalism. 

Major 

The sociology major consists of a minimum of 10 sociology courses beyond 
Human Nature and the Social Order I and II: Introduction to Sociology, Probability 
and Statistics, Research Design, Sociological Theory, and six additional sociology 
courses selected by the student. In addition, two upper-level courses in economics, 
history, philosophy, politics, psychology, or writing also must be completed. A "C" 
average in major course work is required. The degree awarded is the Bachelor of 
Arts. 

Minor 

A minor in sociology consists of Introduction to Sociology and any other four 
sociology courses beyond Human Nature and the Social Order I and II. No course 
can be used to satisfy both major and minor requirements. 

Sociology With Social Work Concentration 

Nine sociology courses beyond Introduction to Sociology plus a semester in field 
placement (12-15 semester hours) constitute this major. A "C" average in major 
course work is required for graduation. The required courses are: Field of Social 

135 



Work, Methods of Social Work, Culture and Society, Minority Peoples, Probability 
and Statistics, and Deviance and Social Control, plus three sociology electives. Stu- 
dents are encouraged to complete a minor in psychology. 

€271, C272. Human Nature and the Social Order I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

The courses in this year-long study are devoted to the careful study of classic 
texts that lie at the common roots of all the contemporary social sciences. The aim 
is to show how contemporary social science is a form of "moral inquiry" that re- 
sponds to questions intelligent human beings always have asked. To this end, the 
focus will be on various compelling and distinctive treatments of the enduring 
questions about justice and the good life. The question will be posed whether there 
is a single or plural human good and whether this good (or these goods) can or 
must be pursued within the confines of a social or political order. Works will be 
studied by such thinkers as Aristotle, John Locke, Adam Smith, Alexis de Tocque- 
ville, and Max Weber. 

1471. Introduction to Sociology 3 hours 

The study of human society, the nature of culture and its organization. Proc- 
esses of communication, socialization, mobility, and population growth are described 
and analyzed. Emphasis is placed on methods, basic concepts, and principal findings 
of the field. 

2471. The Family 3 hours 

An analysis of the family institution as a background for the study of family 
interaction, socialization, and the parent-child relationship, courtship and marriage 
interaction, family crises and problems. 

2472. The American ILxperience 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to acquaint students with basic aspects of the 

American experience. Special attention is paid to the individual's relationship to 
the community and the state. Specific topics of discussion include Populism, Social 
Darwinism, Federalism, the role of advertising in folk culture, the relationship of 
technology and democracy, and America's exploring spirit. Both primary and sec- 
ondary sources are assigned as readings. The primary sources include essays by 
Emerson, Thoreau, Frederick Jackson Turner, Andrew Carnegie, and William Jen- 
nings Bryan. 

2473. Social Psychology 3 hours 

A course concerned with the behavior of individuals in groups, including attri- 
bution, attitudes, aggression, and altruism. Prerequisite: C462. 

2474. Social Problems 3 hours 

A study of the impact of current social forces upon American society. Deviation 

from social norms, conflict concerning social goals and values, and social disorgan- 
ization as these apply to family, economic, religious, and other institutional and 
interpersonal situations are of primary concern. 

2518. Probability and Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular em- 
phasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and corre- 
lation analysis. Prerequisite: P331 or by examination. 

136 



3461. Research Design 4 hours 

A combination lecture-laboratory course emphasizing the design and execution 
of research in the behavioral sciences. Prerequisites: C462 and 2518. 

3470. Culture and Society 3 hours 

A study of the dynamics of Western and non-Western cultures that focuses on 

the contrast between traditional and modern cultures. Special attention will be given 
to analyzing cultural forms that define what is and is not permitted (such as food 
taboos and sexual norms), cultural elites (such as Christian monastics, Hindu Brah- 
mins, and Marxist revolutionaries), and cultural revolutions (Christian, humanist, 
and post-Freudian). 

3471. Cultural Anthropology 3 hours 

An introduction to the study of people and their culture, using material from 

folk and modern cultures throughout the world. Emphasis is given to development 
of understanding of culture — its purpose, meaning, and function. 

3472. The Sociology ofWork and Occupations 3 hours 

This course has three purposes. First, to analyze the means by which non- 
economic institutions, especially the family, schools, and religious institutions, in- 
fluence the formation of "human capital." Second, to study the history and contem- 
porary nature of the professions. And third, to analyze the relationship between the 
external control of workers and their internal motivation. 

3473. Field of Social Work 3 hours 

An orientation course based on the description and analysis of the historical 

development of social work and the operation in contemporary society of the many 
social work activities. Prerequisite: 1471. 

3474. Methods of Social Work 3 hours 

A study of the methods used in social work in contemporary social work activ- 
ities. Prerequisite: 3473. 

3475. Minority Peoples 3 hours 

A study of minority peoples using both the sociological and economic perspec- 
tives. Although other types are considered, particular attention is focused on racial 
and cultural minorities in terms of the prejudice and discrimination they receive 
and the effect this has on their personalities and ways of life. 

3476. Religion and Society 3 hours 

An examination of religion as a social institution, its internal development, 

relationship to other institutions, and its cultural and social significance in modern 
societies. Special attention will be given to the conflict between spirit and institution 
in Christianity; the rise and decline of denominationalism; fundamentalism and 
evangelicals past and present; and the modern psychologizing of religion. 

3477. Community and Individualism in America 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to explore the apparent changes in our national 

mood during the "privatized" 1950s, the "activist" 1960s, and the so-called "me 
decade," the 1970s. The approach of this course is interdisciplinary. Texts written 
by historians, demographers, economists, and anthropologists are studied. 

3478. Wealth, Status, and Power 3 hours 

An examination of the social stratification of rewards and privileges in Amer- 
ican society, focusing on the analysis of economic, status and power structures; the 
history of the upper class; institutionalized "power" elites; changing status systems; 
and the position of minorities. 

137 



3479. Literature and Society 3 hours 

This course is a study of social theory in Hterature and its implications for the 
conduct of life. It will focus on an intensive reading of selected texts from late 19th- 
and 20th-century literature. Literary figures may include Dostoevsky, Conrad, 
Kafka, Camus, and others. Not offered regularly. 

447L Field Experience in Social Work 12-15 hours 

Students concentrating in social work are placed with various social work agen- 
cies in the Atlanta area for on-the-job practicum experience. Successful field ex- 
periences have been gained at a variety of settings in recent years, including Wesley 
Woods Health Center, West Paces Ferry Hospital, and Kennestone Hospital. Pre- 
requisites: 3474 and permission of the instructor and the division chair. 

4472. Deviance and Social Control 3 hours 

An examination of behaviors which do not conform to moral and legal codes 

and the ways in which societies control such behaviors. Particular emphasis will be 
given to American society. The readings will include classic and current analyses. 

4473. Senior Seminar in American Studies 3 hours 

This course offers an intensive examination of a selected topic in American 

history, politics, culture, or society. Among the subjects may be the relationships of 
religion and politics, American intellectual history, and the development and growth 
of national government and politics. 

4474. Sociological Theory 3 hours 

A study of selected classical and contemporary theorists such as Max Weber, 

Emile Durkheim, Robert Merton, and Erving Goffman, ranging from the mid- 19th 
century through the 20th century. Topics may include the rise of capitalism, theories 
of alienation and anomie, economic and cultural conflict, and modern individualism. 
Offered every other year. Prerequisites: C272 and 1471. 

4475. Seminar in Sociology 1-3 hours 

A seminar providing examination and discussion of various topics of contem- 
porary and historical interest in sociology. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4477. Internship - Sociology 1-6 hours 

Internships in sociology are designed to provide students the opportunity to 

acquire valuable experiences in settings in which sociologists work. A faculty mem- 
ber and on-site supervisor provide guidance to the student in selecting appropriate 
activities and achieving specific learning objectives. Successful internships in recent 
years have been completed in a variety of settings, including the Georgia Council 
for Child Abuse, the Methodist Children's Home, and Unisys Corporation. Graded 
on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty 
supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4478. Independent Study in Sociology 1-3 hours 

An intense study of diverse topics under the direct supervision of the instructor. 

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4479. Internship - American Studies 3 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning oppor- 
tunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate a learn- 
ing contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and indices for 

138 



the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. Students are em- 
ployed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating business organi- 
zations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other professional settings. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship 
program. 



139 



Division V 

Economics and Business 
Administration 



a ,'■ 



i;y.' 



lii 




The Division of Economics and Business Administration offers course work 
leading to the Bachelor of Business Administration and Bachelor of Arts degrees. 
The Bachelor of Business Administration degree may be earned with a major in 
business administration, accounting, economics, or business administration and 
computer science. The Bachelor of Arts degree is offered with a major in economics. 
In addition, course work leading to the Bachelor of Arts degree in interdisciplinary 
majors in mathematics and computer science and business administration and be- 
havioral science also is offered through the division. 

All students pursuing a Bachelor of Business Administration degree are re- 
quired to take the following 14 courses: 

Applied Calculus or Calculus I 

Probability and Statistics 

Introduction to Economics 

Management Science 

Introduction to Computer Applications Software or Introduction 
to Computer Science or Principles of Computer Programming 

Intermediate Microeconomics 

Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Business Law I 

Principles of Accounting I 

Principles of Accounting II 

Managerial Finance 

Management 

Marketing 

Strategic Planning 

Additional major requirements are listed under the particular disciplinary 
headings in this section. The grade of "C" or higher must be obtained in each 
course offered by the division that is used to fulfill major and minor requirements. 

Students are responsible for ensuring that they fulfill all requirements of the 
major selected. 



Accounting 



The essence of accounting is measurement and communication. The objective 
is to provide information that is useful to decision-makers who must choose between 
economic alternatives. Accordingly, the field focuses on information concerning eco- 
nomic resources, claims to those resources, and the results of economic activity. 
The purpose of the major in accounting is to acquaint the student with this infor- 
mation and to develop the analytic ability necessary to produce it. The student 
learns to observe economic activity; to select from that activity the events which 
are relevant to particular decisions; to measure the economic consequences of those 
events in quantitative terms; to record, classify, and summarize the resulting data; 
and to communicate the information thereby produced in various reports and state- 
ments to appropriate decision-makers. 

The major in accounting consists of a coherent sequence of accounting and 
other courses which provide the conceptual foundation and basic skills to begin a 
career in accounting practice or to use as an appropriate background for such 
related careers as financial services, computer science, management, industrial 



141 



engineering, law and others. Accountants work in public accounting, business, gov- 
ernment, and non-profit organizations. 

Major 

The courses required of all students pursuing a Bachelor of Business Admin- 
istration degree are the 14 listed above plus Intermediate Accounting I and II, Cost 
Accounting, Advanced Accounting, Business and Personal Taxes, Auditing, Business 
Law II, and Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions. 
Note: Students planning to take the Certified Public Accountant Examination in 
Georgia should be aware of the requirements of the State Board of 
Accounting. Twenty semester hours of accounting courses beyond Principles 
of Accounting I and II are required in order to sit for the examination. This 
is two semester hours more than the requirements for a major at Oglethorpe 
University. The additional hours may be earned by completing one additional 
elective in accounting. 

Minor 

Principles of Accounting I and II and three courses from the following are 
required for a minor in accounting: Intermediate Accounting I, Intermediate 
Accounting II, Cost Accounting, Business and Personal Taxes, or Advanced Ac- 
counting. 

2530. Principles of Accounting I 3 hours 

A study of accounting principles, concepts, and the nature of financial state- 
ments. Emphasis is placed upon the use of accounting as a device for reporting 
business activity. 

2531. Principles of Accounting II 3 hours 

A study of the utilization of accounting information in business management, 
with emphasis upon construction and interpretation of financial statements. Pre- 
requisite: 2530. 

3532. Intermediate Accounting I 3 hours 

A study of the development of accounting theories and their application to the 

preparation and correction of financial statements, to the measurement of periodic 
income, to asset acquisition, and to the capital structure of business corporations. 
Prerequisite: 2531. 

3533. Intermediate Accounting II 3 hours 

The study of accounting theory as it relates to the more specialized problems 

of price-level changes, funds, cash flow statements, and related concepts. Prereq- 
uisite: 3532. 

3534. Cost Accounting 3 hours 

A study of the principles and techniques of cost control with concentration on 

the structural aspects of cost accounting as a managerial tool and on the procedures 
involved in solving cost-accounting problems. Prerequisite: 2531. 

3535. Business and Personal Taxes 3 hours 

A study of the income tax laws and related accounting problems of individuals, 

partnerships, and corporations. The course is additionally concerned with the man- 
agerial effects of taxation upon decisions and policies in the planning, organization, 
and operation of a business enterprise. Prerequisite: 2531. 

142 



4534. Internship - Accounting 1-6 hours 

An internship in accounting is designed to provide the student with an oppor- 
tunity to gain valuable experience and additional accounting and interpersonal skills 
in a supervised business environment. The student, in conjunction with a business 
faculty member and an on-site internship supervisor, develops appropriate activities 
for achieving specific learning goals. The internship generally requires the student 
to work a specified number of hours per week, keep a written journal of the work 
experience, have regularly scheduled meetings with the faculty supervisor, and write 
a research paper dealing with some aspect of the internship. An evaluation is pre- 
pared by the on-site internship supervisor. Internship opportunities are diverse and 
have included such organizations as Price Waterhouse, Georgia Pacific, Deloitte and 
Touche, and Millei, Ray and Healey. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. 
Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the intern- 
ship program. 

4535. Advanced Accounting 3 hours 

The application of accounting principles and concepts to specialized business 

situations, including partnerships, mergers, acquisitions, fiduciary relationships, in- 
stallments, consignments, and foreign exchange. Prerequisite: 3533. 

4536. Accounting Control Systems 3 hours 

A study of the procedures involved in the analysis, design, implementation, and 

control of management information systems. Emphasis is on the role of information 
systems in business, the tools and techniques used to design information systems, 
the hardware and software components of computerized information systems, the 
procedures involved in the development and control of information systems, and 
the application of information systems to the various transaction cycles of the firm. 
Prerequisites: 2531 and 2540 or 2541 or 2542. 

4537. Auditing 3 hours 

A study of auditing standards and procedures, use of statistical and other 

quantitative techniques, and preparation of audit working papers, reports, and fi- 
nancial statements. Emphasis is placed upon the criteria for the establishment of 
internal controls and the effect of these controls on examinations and reports. 
Prerequisites: 2518 and 3533. 

4539. Development of Accounting Theory 3 hours 

A study of the historical development of accounting theory from ancient times 
to the present. Course consists of reading, discussions, and reports on accounting 
theory with emphasis on the philosophical aspects of accounting rather than tech- 
nical issues. Prerequisite: 3533. 

Business Administration 

The business administration curriculum is designed to prepare students for 
careers as business leaders who will earn their livelihood by discerning and satisfying 
people's wants and needs. Success in this endeavor requires (1) the ability to think 
independently, (2) knowledge of business terminology and business institutions, both 
domestic and international, and (3) communication skills. The ability to think in- 
dependently is enhanced through study of the courses in the core curriculum and 
through a requirement that each student must complete advanced work in at least 

143 



one area of business. Courses in economics and the functional areas of business 
administration introduce students to business institutions, terminology, and meth- 
ods of inquiry. A required course in advanced writing provides practice in thinking 
and communicating. 

In addition to preparing students for business careers, the program in business 
administration is valuable preparation for other careers. Students learn adminis- 
trative skills and methods of inquiry that are applicable in governmental and non- 
profit organizations. Since much legal practice involves businesses and a knowledge 
of business terminology and institutions, this major is an excellent background for 
the study and practice of law. 

Major 

Major requirements include the 14 courses required of all students pursuing 
the Bachelor of Business Administration degree (listed at the beginning of the 
Division V section) plus Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions and 
three advanced (3000- or 4000-level) courses in business, accounting, economics, or 
computer science. Courses not included as advanced courses are 3523, 3524, 3527, 
4517, 4526, 4527, 4534, 4539, and 4558. 

1510. Business Law I 3 hours 

A course designed to give the student an awareness of a limited area of those 

aspects of the law which will be needed in day-to-day dealings with the problems of 
business. Special emphasis is placed upon the law of contracts, negotiable instru- 
ments, agency, and a study of the Uniform Commercial Code as it applies. 

1511. Business Law II 3 hours 

A study of partnerships, corporations, sales, bailments, security devices, prop- 
erty, bankruptcy, and trade infringements. Prerequisite: 1510. 

2464. Organizational Psychology 3 hours 

A psychological study of work behavior and an examination of the complex 

social variables that are a part of the work environment. Prerequisite: C462. 

2513. Management 3 hours 

An introduction to the principles of management and administration. This 

course includes leadership, conflict resolution, and the functions of management in 

large and small organizations. 

2518. Probability and Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular em- 
phasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and corre- 
lation analysis. Prerequisite: P331 or by examination. 

2519. Management Science 3 hours 

An introduction to operations research, model building, optimization, linear 

programming, inventory models, and simulation. Major techniques and models of 
quantitative analysis as applied to business are studied. Prerequisites: 1333 or 1335, 
2518 and 2540 or 2541 or 2542. 

2555. International Business 3 hours 

This course is designed to acquaint students with the problems encountered in 
conducting business outside one's own country and to provide a basis for evaluating 
the impact on business activities of changing economic, political, and cultural fac- 
tors. Prerequisite: 2513. 

144 



3191. Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 3 hours 

A course for students who have mastered the basic skills and insights of writing 
and who wish to improve their ability to write clear, concise, persuasive expository 
prose. Oral presentations and practice in listening with accuracy constitute another 
element of the course. Weekly writing assignments. Prerequisites: C191 and one 
year-long literature sequence. 

3516. Managerial Finance 3 hours 

A study of the basic principles of organizational finance and its relation to other 

aspects of business management and to the economic environment within which 
the firm operates. Attention is given to basic financial concepts, techniques of fi- 
nancial analysis, sources of funding, asset management, capital budgeting funda- 
mentals, capital structure, cost of capital, time value of money, and financial 
decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. Prerequisites: 1521, 2519, and 
2531. 

3517. Marketing 3 hours 

A course concerned with the policies and problems involved in the operation 

of market institutions. The course examines broad principles in the organization 
and direction of the marketing function and analytical aspects of marketing and 
consumer behavior. Prerequisites: 1521 and 2531. 

3518. Marketing Communications 3 hours 

Principles, concepts, and practices relating to the various kinds of communi- 
cations employed to disseminate information about products and services to poten- 
tial buyers. Communication methods to be studied include advertising, personal 
selling, sales promotion, and public relations. The behavioral aspects of both mes- 
sages and media will be explored. Prerequisite: 3517. 

4511. Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management 3 hours 

An introduction to the environment in which investment decisions are made. 
Topics explored wall include efficient markets, the capital asset pricing model, term 
structure of interest rates, risk versus return, and performance measures. Although 
the emphasis will be on stocks and bonds, other investments will be discussed. 
Prerequisite: 3516. 

4516. Strategic Planning 3 hours 

An interdisciplinary approach to management decision-making with emphasis 

on strategic planning. Cases are used extensively. Prerequisites: 2513, 3516, and 
3517. 

4517. Internship - Business Administration 1-6 hours 

An internship in business administration is designed to provide the student 

with an opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional business and inter- 
personal skills in a supervised business environment. In conjunction with a business 
faculty member and an on-site internship supervisor, the student develops appro- 
priate activities for achieving specific learning goals. The internship generally re- 
quires the student to work a specified number of hours per week, keep a written 
journal of the work experience, have regularly scheduled meetings with the faculty 
supervisor, and write a research paper dealing with some aspect of the internship. 
An evaluation is prepared by the on-site internship supervisor. Internship oppor- 
tunities are diverse and have included such organizations as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 
Zoo Atlanta, Scientific Atlanta, and the Georgia Department of Industry and Trade. 

145 



Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of tlie fac- 
ulty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4554. Advanced Managerial Finance 3 hours 

Case studies and selected readings will provide a basis for expanding one's 
ability to use the analytical tools developed in the basic managerial finance course. 
Emphasis will be on the analysis of actual business situations of varying degrees of 
complexity and on the development of insights into the conditions, attitudes, and 
practices that foster sound financial decisions. Attention will be directed to all major 
areas of financial management — financial analysis and planning, working capital 
management, capital budgeting decisions, capital structure and cost of capital, and 
long-term financing decisions. Prerequisite: 3516. 

4556. Marketing Research 3 hours 

Included are the following: types of research, the research process, research 
design, sampling procedures, data collection methods, data analysis and preparation 
of research findings. Prerequisites: 2518, 3517, and 2540 or 2541 or 2542. 

4558. Directed Studies in Business and Economics 3 hours 

An intense study of diverse topics under the direct supervision of the instructor. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the chair of the division. 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Business Admin- 
istration and Behavioral Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of 
this Bulletin. 



Business Administration and Computer Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Business Admin- 
istration and Computer Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of 
this Bulletin. 



Computer Science 



Minor 

A minor in computer science consists of five computer science courses, one of 
which must be Principles of Computer Programming. 

2540. Introduction to Computer Applications Software 3 hours 

This course introduces the student to the major types of computer applications 
software, including word processing, electronic spreadsheets, database manage- 
ment, graphics, and communications. A predominant emphasis is on the construc- 
tion of significant applications systems, including custom programming. The student 
will use an integrated microcomputer software system such as LOTUS S"^TVl- 
PHONY. 



146 



2541. Introduction to Computer Science 3 hours 

This course introduces the student to the basic concepts of electronic data 

processing equipment, computer programming, and appHcations. It is intended pri- 
marily for students who do not plan further study in computer science. The suc- 
cessful student will become proficient in problem-solving techniques and algorithm 
construction using the BASIC programming language. Examples are drawn from 
business, science, and other fields. 

2542. Principles of Computer Programming 3 hours 

In this course the student will be introduced to the fundamental techniques of 

problem-solving and algorithm development within the context of the Pascal pro- 
gramming language. The student will design and complete several substantial pro- 
gramming projects, most having a significant mathematical orientation. 
Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

3542. Introduction to Data Structures 3 hours 

Ada language constructs are used to introduce the student to the important 
concepts of static and dynamic data representation, which, along with effective 
algorithm development, are essential components of successful computer program- 
ming. Topics include arrays, records, files, pointers, linked lists, stacks, queues, 
trees, graphs, and implementation procedures. Students also will study sorting and 
searching techniques. Prerequisite: 2542. 

3544. Principles of File Processing ..3 hours 

This course provides an accelerated introduction to the COBOL language and 
to standard techniques for managing data in computer files. Students will use 
COBOL to program solutions to problems which arise predominantly, though not 
exclusively, in business environments and which involve file updating, merging and 
searching, and report generation. Sequential, relative, and indexed files will be 
emphasized, in addition to elementary concepts of database management. Prereq- 
uisite: 2542. 

4540. Introduction to Systems Programming 3 hours 

This course introduces the advanced computer science student to fundamental 

concepts of computer systems programming. Attention is given to the development 
of input and output routines, associated data structures and algorithms, and the 
construction of systems libraries, using the C programming language. Major pro- 
gramming projects in C will be at the level of designing and writing a simple 
machine emulator, and developing an assembler for that machine. Prerequisite: 
2542. 

4541. Assembly Language and Computer Architecture 3 hours 

The student will be given a concentrated introduction to 8088 assembly lan- 
guage programming and microcomputer architecture. Topics include structured 
programming, control structures, object library maintenance, macro programming, 
interrupts, buses, memory management, input/output, and interfacing with high- 
level languages. Prerequisite: 2542. 

4542. Topics in Computer Science 3 hours 

This course focuses on a variety of timely topics and useful language environ- 
ments. Current topics include artificial intelligence, compiler construction, com- 
puter-aided instruction, computer architecture, database management, graphics, 
operating systems, and systems programming. These topics will be examined in the 

147 



context of languages such as Ada, assembly language, C, FORTH, DECAL, LISP, 
LOGO, PILOT, applications software, and the more familiar BASIC, COBOL, and 
Pascal. Prerequisites: 2542, and 3532 or 3544. 

4546. Internship - Computer Science 1-6 hours 

An internship in computer science is designed to provide the student with an 
opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional computer science and in- 
terpersonal skills in a supervised organizational environment. In conjunction with 
a business faculty member and an on-site internship supervisor, the student develops 
appropriate activities for achieving specific learning goals. The internship generally 
requires the student to work a specified number of hours per v/eek, keep a written 
journal of the work experience, have regularly scheduled meetings with the faculty 
supervisor, and write a research paper dealing with some aspect of the internship. 
An evaluation is prepared by the on-site internship supervisor. Internship oppor- 
tunities are diverse and have included such organizations as IBM, SunTrust Bank, 
and the Centers for Disease Control. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. 
Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the intern- 
ship program. 

Economics 

Economics is a way of thinking based on the premise that individuals make 
decisions that advance their own interests. From this premise, economics attempts 
to understand individual behavior and the social order that results from the inter- 
action of many individual decision-makers. Finally, economics involves evaluation 
of the resulting social order. 

The three aspects of economic study are related to citizenship and careers. 
First, the attempt to predict individual behavior results in the derivation of several 
economizing principles that are useful in business practice. Second, much of the 
interaction of individuals is in the form of exchanges in markets. ICnowledge of how 
markets function is helpful both to business people and voters who will make de- 
cisions about such market-related economic matters as taxes, interest ceilings, min- 
imum wages, and public utility rates. Third, the practice in evaluating different 
social orders leads students to replace their unschooled opinions about complex 
situations with disciplined thought. This practice should be of service to those plan- 
ning careers in business, law, politics, government, or religion. 

The Bachelor of Business Administration degree in economics focuses on the 
first two of these three aspects of economic study while the Bachelor of Arts degree 
focuses on the second and third. 

Major (BBA) 

The 14 courses listed at the beginning of the Division V section and five elec- 
tives in economics are required of all students pursuing the Bachelor of Business 
Administration degree. 

Major (BA) 

Applied Calculus or Calculus I 
Probability and Statistics 
Management Science 

148 



Introduction to Computer Applications Software, or Introduction to 
Computer Science, or Principles of Computer Programming 

Intermediate Microeconomics 

Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Five economics electives 

Two advanced electives in accounting, business, history, politics, 
sociology, psychology, mathematics, computer science, or 
philosophy 

Minor 

Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Intermediate Microeconomics or History of Economic Thought 

Three economics electives 

1521. Introduction to Economics 3 hours 

This course is designed to familiarize the student with basic economic concepts. 
The student will be introduced to a few key economic principles that can be used 
in analyzing various economic events. The material will include a history of eco- 
nomic thought, monetary and financial economics, and supply and demand analysis. 

3521. Intermediate Microeconomics 3 hours 

An intensive study of the behavior of the consumer and the firm, problems of 

production and distribution, and the structure of markets. Attention is given to the 
effects of price and income changes on product demand and factor supply, the use 
of forecasts, and the study of quantitative analysis of price and product policies in 
various market structures. Prerequisites: 1521 and 1333 or 1335. 

3522. Intermediate Macroeconomics 3 hours 

A comprehensive survey of aggregate economic analysis; the theory and meas- 
urement of national income and employment; price levels; business fluctuations; 
monetary and fiscal policies; and economic growth. Prerequisites: 1521 and 1331, 
or 1333, or 1335. 

3523. United States Economic History 3 hours 

A study of the origin and growth of the American economic system; develop- 
ment of an historical basis for understanding present problems and trends in the 
economy. Prerequisite: 1521. 

3524. History of Economic Thought 3 hours 

A study of the major writers and schools of economic thought, related to the 
economic, political, and social institutions of their times; the Medieval, Mercantilist, 
Physiocrat, Classical, Marxist, Historical, Neoclassical, Institutionalist, Keynesian, 
and post-Keynesian schools. Prerequisites: 1521 and C161. 

3527. Economic Development 3 hours 

A study of the economic, social, and political factors that account for the con- 
trast between the economic stagnation in much of the world and the history of 
steadily rising income in the U.S., Europe, and Japan. Prerequisite: 1521. 

4521. Money and Banking 3 hours 

The nature and development of the monetary and credit system of the United 
States; the functions and activities of financial institutions; commercial banking; 
the Federal Reserve System. Emphasis is upon the relationship between money and 
employment, prices, income, and interest rates. Prerequisites: 3521 and 3522. 

149 



4522. Labor Economics 3 hours 

The history, theory, and practices of the American Labor movement. A study 

of labor organizations as economic and social institutions, including a survey of the 
principles and problems of union-management relationships encountered in collec- 
tive bargaining and in public policies toward labor. Prerequisites: 3521 and 3522. 

4523. International Economics 3 hours 

A study of international trade and finance; regional specialization; national 

commercial policies; international investments; balance of payments; foreign ex- 
change; foreign aid policies; and international agreements on tariffs and trade. 
Prerequisites: 3521 and 3522. 

4525. Public Finance 3 hours 

An analysis of the impact of federal, state, and local government expenditures, 

revenues, debt management, and budgeting on the allocation of resources, the 
distribution of income, the stabilization of national income and employment, and 
economic growth. Expenditure patterns, tax structure, microeconomic and ma- 
croeconomic theories of public expenditures and taxation will be examined. Pre- 
requisites: 3521 and 3522. 

4526. Internship - Economics 1-6 hours 

An internship in economics is designed to provide the student with an oppor- 
tunity to gain valuable experience and additional economic analysis and interper- 
sonal skills in a supervised organizational environment. In conjunction wath a 
business and economics faculty member and an on-site internship supervisor, the 
student develops appropriate activities for achieving specific learning goals. The 
internship generally requires the student to work a specified number of hours per 
week, keep a written journal of the work experience, have regularly scheduled 
meetings with the faculty supervisor, and write a research paper dealing with some 
aspect of the internship. An evaluation is prepared by the on-site internship super- 
visor. Internship opportunites are diverse and have included such organizations as 
IBM, the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, the Japanese External Trade Organi- 
zation, the Washington Center, and Merrill Lynch. Graded on a satisfactory/unsat- 
isfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification 
for the internship program. 

4527. Independent Study in Economics 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the instruc- 
tor. 

International Studies 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in International Stud- 
ies, please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of this Bulletin. 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Mathematics and 
Computer Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Majors section of this Bulletin. 



150 



Division VI 

Education - Undergraduate and 
Graduate 




Undergraduate Programs in Education 

Education provides courses leading to the Bachelor of Arts in elementary and 
secondary education, with elementary concentrations in early childhood (K-4) and 
middle grades education (4-8), and with secondary education (7-12) concentrations 
in the subject areas of English, mathematics, history, and science (biology, physics, 
or chemistry). The teacher-preparation curricula are fully approved by the Depart- 
ment of Education of the State of Georgia; successful program completion is nec- 
essary to obtain a teaching certificate. Students desiring certification in other states 
should secure information from those states. 



Admission to the Teacher Education Program 

Completion of the Teacher Education Program requires the following steps: 

1. Admission to the Teacher Education Program. Apply as a second-semester 
sophomore or, for transfer students, as soon as possible after transferring. 

2. Completion of a pre-teaching experience — "September Experience." Apply 
for placement by March 15 of the sophomore year. 

3. Completion of Student Teaching. Apply for spring placement by October 
15, fall placement by March 15. 

4. Completion of the entire approved program as found on the following pages. 
Professional courses should be completed according to the sequence listed 
in the approved program; detailed programs may be obtained from the 
education advisers. 

Admission to Oglethorpe University does not admit a student to the Teacher 
Education Program. A person doing satisfactory academic work and approved by 
the Teacher Education Council is admitted. Once admitted, the student's progress 
and record are subject to regular review by the adviser, other professors, and the 
Teacher Education Council. Students with observed deficiencies in English or their 
subject field will be required to correct them before student teaching. No student 
on academic probation will be scheduled for student teaching until such probation 
is removed. 

Admission to the program may be granted during the second semester of the 
sophomore year (or as early as possible thereafter) and requires a cumulative grade- 
point average of 2.5 for all college work. Before placement for student teaching can 
be approved the student must show evidence of good moral character and person- 
ality, emotional stability and physical stamina, a desire to work with children and/ 
or youth, a grade of at least "C" in Analytical Writing and in all professional and 
teaching field courses, satisfactory field experiences, and a cumulative grade-point 
average of at least 2.5 or better on all work taken at Oglethorpe. The student's 
record is subject to regular review from the time of admission to the program. 

Completion of the approved program is one of two required steps toward 
teacher certification in Georgia. Students also have to demonstrate competency in 
the subject field by making a satisfactory score on a state administered Teacher 
Certification Test. Forms needed to apply for the Georgia teaching certificate are 
available in the office of the chair of the Division of Education. 

152 



Approved programs leading to teacher certification in Georgia are described 
in the following sections. All approved programs include the requirements for meet- 
ing core requirements at Oglethorpe. They may require more general education 
than is required to meet the core requirements for graduation. 

Early Childhood Education Major 

The early childhood education major focuses on teaching in grades kindergar- 
ten through four. In addition to general education core requirements, American 
History to 1865, American History Since 1865, and one additional mathematics 
course must be included. Students should take Introduction to Education during 
the freshman or sophomore year. Program requirements for early childhood edu- 
cation are available from any education faculty member and must be followed closely 
to avoid scheduling problems in completion of the degree requirements. The pro- 
gram includes professional education and methods courses in all content areas and 
culminates in student teaching. 

Middle Grades Education Major 

The middle grades education major focuses on teaching in grades four through 
eight. In addition to general education core requirements, American History to 
1865, American History Since 1865, and one additional mathematics course must 
be included. Students should take Introduction to Education during the freshman 
or sophomore year. Program requirements for middle grades education are available 
from any education faculty member and must be followed closely to avoid scheduling 
problems in completion of the degree requirements. The program includes profes- 
sional education courses, methods courses in five basic content areas, and two con- 
centrations of 15 and 12 semester hours each. 

Secondary Education Major in Science 

Students who desire a secondary education major with concentrations in biol- 
ogy, chemistry, or physics will take the following professional education courses: 
Introduction to Education, Child and Adolescent Psychology, Secondary Curriculum, 
Educational Psychology, The Exceptional Child, Secondary Methods and Materials, 
Educational Media, and Student Teaching. 

Students seeking a secondary education major must apply for admission to the 
Teacher Education Program. It is recommended that the student confer with an 
education faculty member in addition to his or her adviser to avoid scheduling 
problems in completing the certification requirements. 

Science - Biology Emphasis 

1311, 1312 General Biology I, II 

1321, 1322 General Chemistry I, II 

1335 Calculus I 

1341, 1342 General Physics I, II 

2311 Genetics 

2312 Microbiology 

153 



2324 Organic Chemistry 
2518 Probability and Statistics 

3311 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 

3312 Human Physiology 
Choice of two: 

3313 Embryology, or 3316 Cell Biology, or 4312 Ecology, or 

4314 Evolution 

Science - Chemistry Emphasis 

1311, 1312 General Biology I, II 

1321, 1322 General Chemistry I, II 

1332 College Trigonometry 

1335, 1336 Calculus I, II 

1341, 1342 General Physics I, II 

2321 Elementary Quantitative Analysis 

2324, 2325 Organic Chemistry I, II 

3322, 3323 Physical Chemistry I, II 

3325 Physical Chemistry Laboratory 

Choice of: 
2332 Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis, or 

4321 Inorganic Chemistry and Laboratory, or 

4322 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Science - Physics Emphasis 

1311, 1312 General Biology I, II 

1321, 1322 General Chemistry I, II 

1335, 1336 Calculus I, II 

2341, 2342 College Physics I, II 

2343 Classical Mechanics 

3341, 3342 Electricity and Magnetism I, II 

3344, 3345 Advanced Physics Laboratory I, II 

3346 Introduction to Modern Optics 

4341, 4342 Introduction to Modern Physics I, II 

Secondary Teacher Certification With Degree in 
a Subject Major 

Students seeking secondary certification in addition to a degree with a subject 
major must apply for admission to the Teacher Education Program. It is important 
that the student confer with an education faculty member in addition to his or her 
adviser each semester to avoid scheduling problems in completing the certification 
requirements. 

Students who desire secondary (grades 7-12) teacher certification in addition 
to a major in English, history, mathematics, biology, chemistry, or physics will take 
the following professional education courses: Introduction to Education, Child and 
Adolescent Psychology, Secondary Curriculum, Educational Psychology, The Excep- 
tional Child, Secondary Methods and Materials, Educational Media, and Student 
Teaching. 



154 



English 

In addition to the English major requirements, students need: 
4636 Reading in the Content Areas 
A second mathematics course 

History 

Students are required to take all listed below as part of the history major: 
1210 The Western Impulse: Pre-history to the Enlightenment 

2216 American History to 1865 

2217 American History Since 1865 
3218 Georgia History 

A second mathematics course 

Mathematics 

In addition to the mathematics major requirements, students need: 
2334 College Geometry 
2518 Probability and Statistics 
One additional computer science course 

Science - Biology, Chemistry, and Physics 

No additional content courses are required beyond the major. 

Post-baccalaureate Teacher Certification 

The post-baccalaureate teacher-certification program is designed for persons 
who have completed a bachelor's degree in a discipline other than education. This 
non-degree program leads to certification in early childhood (K-4), middle grades 
(4-8), or the secondary (7-12) teaching fields of English, history, mathematics^ 
biology, chemistry or physics. 

Requirements for admission to the post-baccalaureate teacher certification pro- 
gram include a cumulative grade-point average of 2.5 or better, a transcript eval- 
uation from the Teacher Certification Department of the Georgia Professional 
Standards Commission, and admission to the Teacher Education Program as 
described above. 

Each post-baccalaureate student will meet with his or her adviser to plan an 
individual course of study relating Oglethorpe's program to the requirements for 
teacher certification in Georgia. Course work will be taken at the undergraduate 
level; however, students seeking certification in early childhood or middle grades 
may take a maximum of three courses at the graduate level if they are to be applied 
toward a master's degree. 



Course Descriptions 



2611. Teaching of Health and Physical Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to expose the student to health education and physical 
education activities in the primary and intermediate grades. A study is made of 
procedures and content in the development of both programs; emphasis is on the 
appraisal of pupil needs and interests. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Sopho- 
more standing. 



155 



3611. Teaching of Reading 3 hours 

This course includes methods of teaching reading used in developmental read- 
ing programs for kindergarten (reading readiness) through the middle grades (or 
secondary, as needed) and methods of teaching literature. Special emphasis is given 
to whole language teaching. Experience in schools is included. Offered spring 
semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3612. Teaching of Language Arts 3 hours 

This course deals with materials and procedures appropriate for the develop- 
ment of the skills necessary for effective oral and written communication for stu- 
dents in kindergarten through the middle grades. Offered fall semester. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3613. Teaching of Social Studies 3 hours 

The main foci of this course are the development of a teaching unit and the 

acquisition of skills, methods, and materials necessary for the preparation of social 
studies teachers. The unit plan emphasizes the integration of social studies with 
other academic disciplines. Students plan and teach one or more social studies 
lessons in a designated classroom setting. Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: 
Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3614. Teaching of Mathematics 3 hours 

A course designed to prepare teachers to plan and teach K-4 or 4-8 mathe- 
matics. Experience in the schools is included. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: 
Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3615. Teaching of Science 3 hours 

Examines the rationale for teaching science to elementary children. Curricula, 

teaching skills, and methods are studied. Students participate in a simulated teach- 
ing experience. Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher 
Education Program. 

3617. Teaching of Music 3 hours 

A study of the fundamentals of music education, including methods and ma- 
terials appropriate for teaching music in the public schools. Experience in the 
schools is included. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisite: 
Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3618. Teaching of Art 3 hours 

This course is designed to introduce the student to art media, techniques, and 

materials appropriate for coordinating the teaching of art with all areas of the 
curriculum in grades kindergarten through six. Experience in the schools is in- 
cluded. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education 
Program. 

3621. Introduction to Education 3 hours 

A study of the historical development, philosophy, organization, and basic issues 

underlying the American educational system and the teaching profession. Provision 
is made for regular classroom observation by the student in public schools of the 
Atlanta area. Offered fall and spring semesters. 

3622. Secondary Curriculum 3 hours 

This course examines the nature and goals of secondary education and the 

study of various secondary curricula and curriculum theories. Students develop sec- 
ondary lesson plans and a unit. Special methods in the specific certification fields 

156 



are included. Provision is made for students to observe classrooms in the Atlanta 
area. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Pro- 
gram. 

3640. The Teacher as Writer 3 hours 

This course is designed to give future teachers an opportunity to engage in the 

writing process in order to conceptualize, vsrite, and submit for publication a piece 
of writing related to an academic or professional interest. An important feature of 
the course will be the creation of a community of writers within the class. Offered 
spring semester of even-numbered years. Prerequisites: C191 and permission of the 
instructor. 

3641. The Child in the Home and the Community 3 hours 

This course is an introduction to early childhood education. It is designed to 

acquaint the student with various types of programs provided for children ages 4 
through 9. Aspects of the curriculum are examined and integration of curricular 
areas is emphasized. Involvement of parents and utilization of community resources 
in the education of young children will be stressed. Offered fall semester. 

3642. Curriculum and Methods in Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

Emphasizes development of materials and curricula for achieving the objectives 

of teaching for preschool through fourth grade. An interdisciplinary approach is 
stressed. Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Educa- 
tion Program. 

3643. Curriculum and Methods for the Middle Grades 3 hours 

The course examines the characteristics and development of the middle school 

child. The rationale, organization, curriculum, and operation of the middle school 
are studied. Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Ed- 
ucation Program. 
4612. Elementary Student Teaching and Seminar 12 hours 

A course requiring full-time participation in a school in the Atlanta area under 
the supervision of a qualified supervising teacher. This is designed to promote grad- 
ual introduction to responsible teaching, including participation in the teacher's 
usual extracurricular activities. A seminar on the University campus at designated 
times during the student-teaching period is part of the course. Offered fall and 
spring semesters. Prerequisites: Approval and completion of September Experience 
and completion of all other course requirements for the Teacher Education Pro- 
gram. 
4616. Children's Literature 3 hours 

A study of literature appropriate to grades K-8 with emphasis upon selection 
of materials and techniques for creating interest and enjoyment through presen- 
tation. Offered fall semester of even-number years. Prerequisite: Junior standing. 

4621. Educational Media 3 hours 

To be taken in the same semester as student teaching. Topics include operation 

of basic audio-visual equipment, production of media, and effective use of media in 
the classroom. A unit is developed for use in student teaching. Prerequisites: 
Admission to the Teacher Education Program and acceptance to student teaching. 

4622. Secondary Methods and Materials 3 hours 

This course helps prospective teachers attain a clearer view of the contempo- 
rary educational system at work. The main focus is the development of various 
methods and the acquisition by the student of a variety of instructional skills. Topics 

157 



such as classroom management, student motivation, and teacher creativity are ex- 
plored. Field experiences and classroom teaching activities are included. Offered 
spring semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

4623. Educational Psychology 3 hours 

A study of learning theory and its appHcation to such problems as classroom 

management, the organization of learning activities, understanding individual dif- 
ferences, and evaluating teaching and learning. Emphasis is given to factors which 
facilitate and interfere with learning. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Admission 
to the Teacher Education Program or permission of the instructor. 

4624. Secondary Student Teaching and Seminar 12 hours 

A course requiring full-time participation in a school in the Atlanta area under 

the supervision of a qualified supervising teacher. This is designed to promote grad- 
ual introduction to responsible teaching, including participation in the teacher's 
usual extracurricular activities. A seminar on the University campus at designated 
times during the student-teaching period is part of the course. Offered fall and 
spring semesters. Prerequisites: Approval and completion of September Experience 
and completion of all other course requirements for the Teacher Education Pro- 
gram. 

4625. The Exceptional Child 3 hours 

This course is designed to assist teachers in the identification and education 

of children who have special needs. The prospective teacher will become familiar 
with the techniques of child study in a field setting, will learn to plan and implement 
educational approaches with both normal and special learners, and will learn meth- 
ods of diagnostic teaching. Offered fall semester and summer session. Prerequisites: 
Senior standing, admission to the Teacher Education Program, and/or permission 
of the instructor. 
4629. Special Topics in Curriculum T.BA. 

Content to be determined; course may be taken for credit more than once. 
4636. Reading in the Content Areas 3 hours 

Emphasizes techniques for developing proficiency in reading in content fields; 
study skills and rate improvement will be included. Course requirements and con- 
tent will be consistent with needs of upper elementary and secondary teachers. This 
course is recommended as the reading methods course for English education majors. 
Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisite: Admission to the 
Teacher Education Program. 

4651. Topics in Mathematics 3 hours 

Emphasizes content for topics of contemporary interest in middle grades math- 
ematics. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisite: Admission to 
the Teacher Education Program or permission of the instructor. 

4652. Topics in Science 3 hours 

Emphasizes content and teaching methods for topics of contemporary interest 

in middle grades science. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years. Prerequi- 
site: Admission to the Teacher Education Program or permission of the instructor. 

4653. Computers in the Classroom: Programming 3 hours 

This course introduces the teacher to computer and disk commands for the 

Apple computer. LOGO programming is introduced and proficiency in writing 
BASIC educational programs is developed. Taught occasionally. Prerequisite: 
Admission to the Teacher Education Program or permission of the instructor. 

158 



4654. Computers in the Classroom: Applications 3 hours 

Applications commonly used by teachers for production, management, and 
instruction are introduced and used in an educational context. Included are word 
processing (handouts), outliners (lesson plans and transparencies), databases and 
spreadsheets (grades), and text with graphics (newsletters). All applications selected 
are for the Apple II series or Macintosh computers. Offered summer session of 
even-numbered summers. 

Graduate Programs in Education 

All graduate work is administered by the Education Division, which is governed 
by the Teacher Education Council under the policies of the University. The Teacher 
Education Council is the policy-making body chosen from the faculty and admin- 
istration, under the leadership of the chair of the Education Division. 

The purposes of the graduate program are to provide well-qualified students 
with the opportunity to obtain a master's degree, and to provide members of the 
teaching profession with the opportunity to enhance their competencies and knowl- 
edge in the area of elementary education. Inherent in the guiding philosophy is the 
assumption that graduate study includes more than the passing of prescribed 
courses and the meeting of minimum requirements. All students who receive grad- 
uate degrees must possess a broad knowledge of the literature of their field of study, 
be capable of sustained study, exhibit the power of independent thinking, and pos- 
sess reasonable knowledge of the techniques of research. 

Oglethorpe University offers a program leading to the Master of Arts degree 
in either early childhood education or middle grades education. Graduates are 
eligible for T5 certification in Georgia. A minimum of 25 percent of the courses 
used to meet degree requirements will contain a field-based component. 

Completion of the master's program requires the following steps: 

1. Full admission to the graduate program. 

2. Admission to candidacy; apply after completion of 12 semester hours grad- 
uate credit at Oglethorpe. 

3. Satisfactory completion of a comprehensive final examination. Apply after 
completion of all required courses but not sooner than one semester prior 
to expected graduation. 

4. Completion of 36 semester hours approved credit. Application for gradua- 
tion should be made in the Registrar's Office by mid-October prior to grad- 
uation the following May or August. 

Admission 

Upon recommendation of the chair of the Teacher Education Council and 
approval of the Teacher Education Council, a person holding a bachelor's degree 
in an approved field of education from an accredited college or university may be 
admitted to the graduate program. In addition to general requirements prescribed, 
the applicant must submit transcripts of all previous work completed; satisfactory 
scores on either the Graduate Record Examination (verbal and quantitative), the 
National Teacher Examination (core battery), or the Miller Analogies Test; two 
recommendations (form provided) from previous colleges attended and/or employ- 
ers; and, when deemed necessary, take validating examinations or preparatory work. 

159 



Students who do not have a Georgia T4 certificate in either early or middle grades 
must contact the Graduate Admissions Counselor regarding evaluation prior to 
admission. Candidates not previously prepared for teaching must meet require- 
ments for first professional certification before completing requirements for the 
master's degree. 

Application forms may be obtained from the Admissions Office of the Univer- 
sity. Completed forms should be returned to the Admissions Office as soon as 
possible but at least 20 days prior to the semester in which the applicant expects 
to enroll. These forms should be accompanied by a $25 application fee (non-re- 
fundable). All material (completed forms, fee transcripts, and test scores) should 
be sent directly to the Admissions Office, Oglethorpe University, 4484 Peachtree 
Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797. 

If an applicant does not choose to enter the graduate program in the semester 
indicated on the application, the applicant should notify the Admissions Office of 
the change and indicate a new date of entrance, if applicable. Otherwise, the orig- 
inal admission will be cancelled, the file discontinued, and a new application may 
be«required for admission at a later date. 

Admission to the graduate program does not imply ultimate acceptance as a 
candidate for an advanced degree. For admission to candidacy, see the section 
Admission to Candidacy. 

Classification 

Students may be admitted to the graduate program under any one of the 
following classifications: 

Regular. A student who has a cumulative grade-point average of at least 2.5 
on a 4.0 scale, satisfactory scores on the GRE, NTE, or MAT, and the recommen- 
dation of the chair of the Education Division, and who has completed all prereq- 
uisites required for admission may be admitted as a regular graduate student. 

Graduate Applicant. Requirements for admission as a graduate applicant are 
the same as for regular admission. A student would apply in this category if he or 
she planned on pursuing a graduate degree but for some reason was unable to 
complete the admission file before the start of the semester. Persons admitted as 
graduate applicant students may be credited a maximum of 12 semester hours 
toward the Master of Arts degree while awaiting full admission to the program. 

A senior within six semester hours of completing requirements for the bach- 
elor's degree may be permitted to enroll in courses for graduate credit provided 
that: (I) the student has the permission of the chair of the Education Division; (2) 
the student is otherwise qualified for admission to graduate study except for the 
degree; and (3) the total load in a semester would not exceed 15 semester hours. 
Under no circumstances may a course be used for both graduate and undergraduate 
credit. 

Unclassified (Non-degree seeking). The student must present transcripts 
and verification of an undergraduate degree in education, including satisfactory 
completion of student teaching. Students applying in this category would be renew- 
ing a certificate or taking classes for personal enrichment. Up to six semester hours 
of credit earned by a student in this category may be counted toward the degree 

160 



only if the student is admitted to the Graduate Education Program and the chair 
of the Education Division approves. 

Transient. A student in good standing in another recognized graduate school 
who v^ishes to enroll in the graduate program of Oglethorpe University and who 
plans to return thereafter to the former institution may be admitted as a transient 
graduate student. In lieu of full transcripts and regular applications the student 
must submit a transient student application form completed by the graduate dean 
listing specific courses to be taken for credit. Any student admitted on this basis 
should understand that registration terminates upon the completion of the work 
authorized by the degree-granting institution. If later electing to seek a degree from 
Oglethorpe University, the student must make formal application for admission 
and may petition to have credit earned as a transient student applied toward the 
degree at the University. 



Admission to Candidacy 



Application for admission to candidacy for the Master of Arts degree must be 
filed with the chair of the Education Division after the student has 12 semester 
hours of graduate study at Oglethorpe University. Admission to candidacy would 
be given or refused following an examination of the overall work of the student and 
careful review of the work completed at Oglethorpe. Notice of action taken on 
application for admission to candidacy will be given in writing to the student and 
to the student's adviser. The student seeking the Master of Arts degree must furnish 
proof to the chair of the Education Division or to the Graduate Admission Counselor 
of eligibility for first professional certification or include appropriate make-up work 
in the program. 

Residence. At least 30 semester hours of graduate work must be completed 
on campus. 

Time Limit. In any graduate program all work (including the comprehensive 
examination) must be completed within a six-year period. It is expected that the 
student will complete the program with reasonable continuity. 

Transfer, Extension, Correspondence Credit. A maximum of six semester 
hours of graduate credit may be transferred from another accredited institution 
subject to the following conditions: (1) transfer credit will not be considered prior 
to admission to candidacy; (2) work already applied toward another degree cannot 
be accepted; (3) work must have been completed within the six-year period allowed 
for the completion of degree requirements; (4) work must have been applicable 
toward a graduate degree at the institution where the credit was earned; (5) work 
offered for transfer must have the approval of the Education Division; and (6) 
acceptance of the transfer credit does not reduce the residence requirement. 

Under no circumstances may credit earned through correspondence work be 
applied toward satisfaction of degree requirements. 



Advisement 



Upon admission to the graduate program, each student is assigned to a member 
of the graduate faculty in education who serves as adviser and guides the student 
in planning a program of study. 



161 



Registration 



Registration dates for each semester are listed in the University Calendar at 
the front of this Bulletin. Several weeks prior to the beginning of each semester, 
students may obtain from the Registrar's Office a schedule of classes for that par- 
ticular semester. Graduate summer sessions may vary slightly either as to dates or 
length of course. 

Course Load 

The maximum course load for any graduate student is 12 credit hours per 
regular semester or six credit hours in a summer session. In some cases, students 
may take nine hours in the summer by special permission if previous performance 
has been excellent. A person working more than 30 hours per week normally may 
not register for more than six hours credit per semester. In all cases, the graduate 
student is urged to register for only the number of hours which can be successfully 
completed. 

Tuition and Fees 

Graduate students are charged at the rate of $340 (1992-93 rate) per three 
semester hour course. An application fee (non-refundable) of $25 must accompany 
the application. 

An application for degree must be made by mid-October in the Registrar's 
Office prior to completion of degree requirements the following December, May, 
or August at which time a $65 graduation fee is due. 

All fees are subject to change. Please inquire with the Business Office for 
current fee information. 

Withdrawals and Refunds 

Students who find it necessary to drop courses or change courses must secure 
a Drop/Add form from the Registrar's Office. Refunds are subject to the same 
requirements as explained in the section on Tuition and Costs. 



Grading 



The quality of work of courses taken in the graduate program is indicated by 
the marks A, B, C, D, and F. Grades of I and W are reserved for special cases. 
Listed below are requirements for each of these grades: 

A — Excellent, with four quality points for each credit hour 

B — Good, with three quality points for each credit hour 

C — Poor, with two quality points for each credit hour 

D — Unsatisfactory work 

F — Failing work or unofficial withdrawal 

I — If a student is unable to complete the work for a course on time for reasons 
of health, family tragedy, or other circumstances the instructor deems appropriate, 

162 



the grade of "I" may be assigned. In such cases, the instructor and student shall 
draw up a contract indicating specifically the work the student must complete as 
well as a date by which the work will be submitted, and the grade which will be 
given if the student fails to complete that work. After the student has read and 
signed the contract, it shall be filed with the Registrar as promptly as the circum- 
stances permit. 

W — Official withdrawal may be permitted if the student's progress is inter- 
rupted by illness or other emergencies. 



Standards 



Candidates for the master's degree must meet the following academic stan- 
dards: 

1. The student's overall grade-point average for work submitted in the grad- 
uate program must be 3.0 or higher. 

2. If, in any case, the candidate fails to maintain satisfactory academic stan- 
dards a review by the Teacher Education Council will determine the stu- 
dent's continuation in a graduate program. 

Any student will be placed on academic probation who falls below a "B" average 
(GPA of 3.0) or has a total of two course grades of "C" or below. 

Any student will be dismissed from the graduate program who receives a third 
grade of "C" or less or who does not achieve a "B" average upon completion of 
three additional graduate courses. 



Comprehensive Final Examination 

A comprehensive final examination is required of all candidates for the master's 
degree at or about the time all other requirements have been met. The following 
regulations govern the administration of the comprehensive examination: 

1. The student must be registered when taking the examination. 

2. The examinations are developed and administered by such members of the 
graduate faculty as may be appointed by the chair of the Education Division. 

3. The examination may cover all work prescribed by the student's program 
of work, including transferred work. 



Graduation 



Graduation exercises are held twice a year at Oglethorpe — in May and in 
August. Diplomas are awarded at these ceremonies. 



163 



Course Requirements 



The program leading to the master's degree will require a minimum of 36 
semester hours of course credit beyond the bachelor's degree as outlined below: 
Early Childhood Education 

Area I. Professional Education 12 hours 

6601 Foundations of Research in Education 

6611 Psychological Foundations of Learning 

6621 Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education 

6643 Growth and Development: The Young Child 

Area II. Curriculum and Teaching 21 hours 

6631 Foundations of Reading Instruction 

Select two of the following courses: 

6641 Programs of Early Childhood Education 

6645 Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education 

6644 Creative Experiences in Early Childhood Education 
Language Arts - Select one: 

6613 Language Arts for Elementary Schools 
6616 Children's Literature 
Mathematics - Select one: 

6614 Mathematics for Elementary Schools 

6651 Topics in Mathematics 
Science - Select one: 

6615 Science for Elementary Schools 

6652 Topics in Science 
Social Studies - Select one: 

6612 Social Studies for Elementary Schools 

6656 Topics in Social Studies 

6657 Issues in Social Studies 

Area III. Electives - Select one 3 hours 

6625 The Exceptional Child - will replace the elective for any student 
who has not had an equivalent course. 
Middle Grades Education 
Area I. Professional Education 12 hours 

6601 Foundations of Research in Education 

6611 Psychological Foundations of Learning 

6621 Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education 

6623 The Middle School Learner 
Area II. Curriculum and Teaching 18 hours 

6631 Foundations of Reading Instruction 

Select three courses from one of the following concentrations and 

two courses from a second concentration: 

Language Arts 

6613 Language Arts for Elementary Schools (required) 

6616 Children's Literature 

6634 Individualizing Reading Instruction 
6636 Reading in the Content Areas 



164 



Mathematics 

6614 Mathematics for Elementary Schools (required) 

6651 Topics in Mathematics 

6654 Computers in the Classroom: Applications 
Science 

6615 Science for Elementary Schools (required) 

6652 Topics in Science 

6654 Computers in the Classroom: Applications 

Social Studies 

6612 Social Studies for Elementary Schools (required) 

6656 Topics in Social Studies 

6657 Issues in Social Studies 

Area III. Electives - Select two 6 hours 



Course Descriptions 



*6601. Foundations of Research in Education 3 hours 

This course investigates the nature and principles of qualitative and quanti- 
tative research in education wdth particular emphasis upon the interpretation and 
design of basic research in education. Includes use and interpretation of statistical 
data. Offered fall semester and summer session of odd-numbered years. 

*6611. Psychological Foundations of Learning 3 hours 

This course examines the nature and facilitation of student learning. Teaching 
methods and skills are considered. Offered spring semester and summer session of 
even-numbered years. 

6612. Social Studies for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

This course enhances the teaching abilities and creativity of the teacher of 

social studies in the elementary schools. The unit approach is emphasized and 
students are expected to develop an interdisciplinary social studies unit on a per- 
tinent topic. Offered summer session. 

6613. Language Arts for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

Elementary language arts curriculum goals, content, and teaching problems 

are considered in sequence from kindergarten through the eighth grade. Offered 
spring semester of odd-numbered years. 

6614. Mathematics for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

Applications of general teaching methods to mathematics and the study of 

mathematics materials, programs, and teaching skills are included in this course. 
Offered fall semester. 

6615. Science for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

This course focuses on developing the skills and attitudes needed to teach 

today's activity-oriented science curricula. Each participant can adapt work to her 
or his needs and interests through choice of readings, activities, and development 
of materials. Offered summer session of odd-numbered summers. 

6616. Children's Literature 3 hours 

A course designed to enhance the competence and creativity of the teacher in 

utilizing children's literature for the elementary and middle school. Offered fall 
semester of even-numbered years. 

165 



6617. Music for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

A course designed to enhance the competence and creativity of the teacher in 

music for the elementary school. Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. 

6618. Art for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

A course designed to enhance the competence and creativiy of the teacher in 

art for the elementary school. Offered fall semester. 

*6621. Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education 3 hours 

A study of the historical and philosophical foundations of education from 
antiquity to the present. The reading, discussion, and analysis of significant primary 
texts will be an important component of the course. Offered spring semester. 

6622. Educational Media 3 hours 

The course studies operation of audio-visual equipment; techniques of produc- 
ing a variety of graphics, slides, transparencies and tapes; and use of media for 
teaching. Class members plan and produce a series of materials for their own 
teaching situations. Offered summer session of even-numbered years. 

6623. The Middle School Learner 3 hours 

Emphasis is on the nature of the middle school child, including characteristics, 

needs, and assessment. Methods of using the curriculum and educational program 
to meet the diverse educational needs of the middle school learner are examined 
as they relate to the nature of the child. Offered summer session. 

6624. Models of Teaching 3 hours 

This course examines and compares a variety of approaches to teaching. The 

approaches examined help stimulate creative learning environments; foster thinking 
which can be used to analyze, compare, and contrast various modes of instruction; 
and provide alternative teaching strategies to educators. Taught occasionally. 

6625. The Exceptional Child 3 hours 

This course addresses teaching atypical students in the regular academic set- 
ting. Course content will concern students who have difficulty learning, how they 
can be identified, and what can be done by classroom teachers to help them. Em- 
phasis is given to basic understanding of a variety of learning difficulties, infor- 
mation about screening procedures, and appropriate instructional procedures for 
the regular classroom. How to make referrals and work with specialists in the 
various areas of learning disabilities will be included. (May not be taken for credit 
if requirements of House Bill 671 have already been fulfilled.) Offered fall semester 
and summer session. 

6626. Practicum in Early Childhood Education 3 or 6 hours 

Practicum, with in-school component, designed to qualify add-on certificate in 

early childhood grades. 

6627. Practicum in Middle Grades Education 3 or 6 hours 

Practicum, with in-school component, designed to qualify add-on certificate in 

middle grades. 

6629. Special Topics in Curriculum T.BjL 

Content to be determined; course may be taken for credit more than once. 
*6631. Foundations of Reading Instruction 3 hours 

A study of the nature of reading with emphasis given to the skills required in 
reading. Basic principles, techniques, methods, and materials which provide for 
differentiated instruction are considered. A whole language approach is emphasized. 
Offered fall semester and summer session of even-numbered years. 

166 



6634. Individualizing Reading Instruction 3 hours 

A study of the nature of reading problems. Practice is given in the administra- 
tion and interpretation of formal and informal diagnostic procedures. Corrective 
and remedial techniques, materials, and procedures will be studied. Emphasis will 
be given to less severe disabilities. This course is designed for the experienced 
teacher. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisite: 6631 or 
equivalent. 

6636. Reading in the Content Areas 3 hours 

Emphasizes techniques for developing proficiency in reading in content fields; 
study skills and rate improvement will be included. Course requirements and con- 
tent wall be consistent with needs of upper elementary and secondary teachers. 
Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. 

6640. The Teacher as Writer 3 hours 

This course is designed to give teachers and future teachers an opportunity to 

engage in the writing process in order to conceptualize, write, and submit for pub- 
lication a piece of writing related to an academic or professional interest. An im- 
portant feature of the course will be the creation of a community of writers within 
the class. Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. Prerequisite: Permission 
of the instructor. 

6641. Programs of Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

A general study of current American early childhood programs, the course will 

include examination of the theories of human development underlying the various 
programs. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. 

6643. Growth and Development: The Young Child 3 hours 

A study of growth and development from infancy through fourth grade. In- 
cluded are theories which describe physical, social, emotional, and intellectual de- 
velopment and the ways in which these relate to learning. Offered spring semester. 

6644. Creative Experiences in Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to provide methods and materials for developing crea- 
tivity in the young child. The emphasis is on utilizing children's literature, music, 
art, and movement education to provide a well-rounded program for young children. 
Offered summer session. 

6645. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

Through individualization of program planning this course provides the student 

with increased proficiency in working with the concepts, understandings, and gen- 
eralizations, as well as the knowledge and skills, which apply to the various curric- 
ulum areas commonly ascribed to the area of early childhood education. It uses a 
systematic plan whereby the student, under close personal guidance, will gain prac- 
tical experience in applying theory to practice. Emphasis will be determined pri- 
marily from the individual student's need assessment. Offered fall semester. 

6651. Topics in Mathematics 3 hours 

This course emphasizes content for topics of contemporary interest through 

middle grades mathematics. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. Prereq- 
uisite: Admission to the Graduate Program. 

6652. Topics in Science 3 hours 

This course emphasizes content for topics of contemporary interest through 

middle grades science. OfTered fall semester of even-numbered years. Prerequisite: 
Admission to the Graduate Program. 

167 



6653. Computers in the Classroom: Programming 3 hours 

This course introduces the teacher to computer and disk commands for the 

Apple computer. Proficiency in writing BASIC educational programs is developed 
and LOGO programming is introduced. Taught occasionally. 

6654. Computers in the Classroom: Applications 3 hours 

Applications commonly used by teachers for production, management, and 
instruction are introduced and used in an educational context. Included are word 
processing (handouts), outliners (lesson plans and transparencies), databases and 
spreadsheets (grades), and text with graphics (newsletters). All applications selected 
are for the Apple II series or Macintosh computers. Offered fall semester of even- 
numbered years. 

6656. Topics in Social Studies 3 hours 

This course emphasizes content and related teaching methods relevant to the 

teaching of social studies curriculum. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. 

6657. Issues in Social Studies 3 hours 

Diverse issues relevant to the social studies are analyzed in this course. Offered 

fall semester of even-numbered years. 

6658. Instructional Management Systems 3 hours 

An in-depth study of instructional design principles, evaluation techniques, 

micro-teaching, and classroom management strategies. Techniques and research in 
these areas will be studied and applied. Taught occasionally. 

*Courses required for all graduate students. 



168 



Board of Trustees 



Officers 



Franklin L. Burke '66 
Chairman 

Jesse S. Hall 

Vice Chairman 



Mark L. Stevens 
Secretary 

Warren Y. Jobe 
Treasurer 



Trustees 



Norman J. Arnold '52 

President and Chief Executive Officer 
Ben Arnold Company, Inc. 
Columbia, South Carolina 

Marshall A. Asher, Jr. '41 

Retired Assistant Territorial Controller 
Sears Roebuck & Company 

Franklin L. Burke '66 
President 
Ridgewood Development Corp 

Kenneth S. Chestnut 

President, Construction Division 
H.J. Russell & Company 

Mrs. John A. Conant 
Atlanta 

Belle Turner Cross '61 
Atlanta 

John W. Crouch '29 

Retired Certified Public Accountant 
Atlanta 

Robert B. Currey '66 
Chairman 
Garden Sources Furnishings, Inc. 

Elmo I. Ellis 

Newspaper Columnist 
Retired Vice President 
Cox Broadcasting Corporation 

William A. Emerson 

Retired Senior Vice President 
Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner 

& Smith 
St. Petersburg, Florida 



Robert P. Forrestal 
President 
Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 

Joel Goldberg 

President 
Contech, Inc. 

Jesse S. Hall 

Executive Vice President 
SunTrust Banks, Inc. 

C. Edward Hansell 
Jones, Day, Reavis, & Pogue 

Gary C. Harden '69 

President 

Major Leasing, Inc. 

Hollis Harris 

Vice Chairman and President 
and Chief Executive Officer 
Air Canada 
Montreal, Canada 

Samuel E. Hudgins 
Hudgins Consulting 

Warren Y. Jobe 

Executive Vice President and 

Chief Financial Officer 
Georgia Power Company 

Fitzhugh M. Legerton 
Retired Minister 
Oglethorpe Presbyterian Church 

Clare (Tia) Magbee '56 
Atlanta 



169 



Joseph M. Mauriello 

Regional Vice President (Southern) 
AT&T - Network Systems 

Edward E. Noble 
Investor and Developer 
Atlanta 

John Scalley 

Executive Vice President 
Genuine Parts Company 

Stephen J. Schmidt '40 
Chairman of the Board and 

Chief Executive Officer 
Dixie Seal & Stamp Company 

Raghbir K. Sehgal 
Chairman and Chief 

Executive Officer 
Law Companies Group, Inc. 



Donald S. Stanton 
President 
Oglethorpe University 

Mark L. Stevens 
President 

Imperial Charlotte, Inc. 
Charlotte, North Carolina 

Charles L. Weltner '48 
fustice 
Supreme Court of Georgia 

Murray D. Wood 
Lecturer 

Mayland Community College 
Spruce Pine, North Carolina 



Trustees Emeriti 



Howard G. Axelberg '40 
Retired Chairman of the Board 
Liller, Neal, Inc. 

Thomas L. Camp '25 

Retired Emeritus Chief fudge 
State Court of Fulton County 

Lu Thomasson Garrett '52 
Atlanta 

George E. Goodwin 
Senior Counselor 
Manning, Selvage & Lee/Atlanta 

Arthur Howell 
Senior Partner 
Alston & Bird 



Edward D. Lord 

Retired Vice President/ Group Sales 
Life Insurance Company of Georgia 

James P. McLain 

Attorney 

McLain and Merritt 

Creighton I. Perry '37 
Retired President 
Perma-Ad Ideas of Atlanta, Inc. 

Mack A. Rikard '37 
President 

Allied Products Company 
Birmingham, Alabama 

Charles L. Towers 
Retired Vice President 
Shell Oil Company 



170 



President's 
Advisory Council 

Officers 



Talmage L. Dryman 
Chairman 



Charles S. Ackerman 
Vice Chairman 



Members 



Elizabeth E. Abreu 
Director of Development 
Metropolitan Atlanta Community 
Foundation, Inc. 

Charles S. Ackerman 
President 
Ackerman & Company 

Lee Patterson Allen 
President 
H. M. Patterson & Son 

Robert Amick '72 
Principal 
Peasant Restaurants, Inc. 

Yetty Levenson Arp '68 

Southeast Commercial Properties 

Judith M. Becker 
Attorney 
Becker & Fortune 

Hugh D. Bishop '37 
Atlanta 

Robert E. Carpenter 
Atlanta 

John H. Cary 

Group Managing Partner 
Price Waterhouse 

Ronald C. David 

Director, Civic Affairs/ 

Community Service 
Atlanta Gas Light Company 



Herbert E. Drake, Jr. 
President 
Drake & Funsten, Inc. 

Talmage L. Dryman 
President 
The Talmage Dryman Company 

Franklin M. Garrett 
Historian 
The Atlanta Historical Society 

Louis A. Gerland, Jr. 
Atlanta 

Donald L. Harp 
Senior Pastor 

Peachtree Road United Methodist 
Church 

Richard W. Harrell 
Senior Vice President 
First American Bank 

William J. Hogan '72 
Vice President 
The Robinson-Humphrey Co., Inc. 

Malcolm Holmes 
Atlanta 

Richard D. Jackson 

President and Chief Executive Officer 
Georgia Federal Bank, F.S.B. 

Helen Gore Lathem '52 
Atlanta 



171 



John C. McCune 
Atlanta 

John O. Mitchell 
President 
Mitchell Motors, Inc. 

J. Anthony Meyer '71 
Treasurer 
Russell Corporation 

Bob Neal 
Sports Director 
Turner Broadcasting System 

Thomas W. Phillips, M.D., '63 
Director of Radiation Oncology 
Crawford Long Hospital 

W. R. Randolph 

Trainer Wortham Company, Inc. 

Charles A. Riepenhoff 
Partner 
Peat Marwick Main & Company 

M. Collier Ross 

Retired Lieutenant General 
United States Army 



Frank Rozeile, Jr. 
Executive Director 
The Exposition Foundation 

Arnold B. Sidman 

Chamberlain, Hrdlicka, White, 
Johnson & Williams 

John O. Skelton 
Partner 
Ernst & Young 

C. Trippe Slade 
Atlanta 

Susan M. Soper 
Features Editor 
The Atlanta Journal/Constitution 

Judy Wood Talley '80 
Vice President 
Bank South 

Robert C. Watkins, Jr. 

Vice President 

Conveyors & Drives, Inc. 



172 



Alumni Association 
Board of Directors 

Officers 



Timothy P. Tassopoulos '81 
President 

Horace E. Shuman '80 
President-Elect 

Dr. G. Malcolm Amerson 
Faculty Representative 



Barbara Bessmer Henry '85 
Vice President 

Jill Helmbold James '88 
Secretary 



Directors 



Gordon C. Bynum '50 
Director, Civic Responsibility 
Coca-Cola USA 

M. Kay Kilpatrick Crawford '63 
Clinical Social Worker 
Private Practice 

Robert W. Goldthorp '72 
Vice President 
Duncan Peek, Inc. 

Arlis D. Head '83 
Assistant Dean of Continuing Education 
Oglethorpe University 

Barbara Bessmer Henry '85 
Graduate Admissions Counselor 
Oglethorpe University 

Jill Helmbold James '88 
Director of Resident Services 
St. Anne's Terrace 

James H. Lewis '80 
Attorney 
James H. Lewds & Associates 

Joan Phillips Millar '64 
Homemaker 



Sidney Mobley Moss '59 
Bond Sales Assistant 
Trust Company 

Eric M. Scharff '63 
General Manager 
Razzi, Inc. 

Larry C. Shattles '67 
President 
Kelly/Shattles & Co. 

Horace E. Shuman '80 
Vice President 
Bank South 

Nancy Schaller Simmons '60 
Real Estate Agent 
Harry Norman Realtors 

Charolette Shirah Steed '62 
Realtor, Broker, Owner 
ReMax Marietta West 

Timothy P. Tassopoulos '81 

Director, Free Standing Unit Operations 
Chick-Fil-A 



173 



The Faculty 

(Year of appointment in parenthesis) 



G. Malcolm Amerson (1968) 
James Edward Oglethorpe 

Professor of Biology 
B.S., Berry College 
M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Keith H. Aufderheide (1980) 
Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., Wilmington College 
Ph.D., Miami University 

Keith E. Baker (1983) 
Director of Accounting Studies 
B.S., Youngstown State University 
M.A., University of Florida 
C.P.A., Georgia 

Robert A. Blumenthal (1989) 
Professor of Mathematics 
B.A., Stanford University 
Ph.D., Washington University 

Charlotte Lee Boggus (1990) 
Director of the Drama Program 
B.A., Oglethorpe University 
M.F.A., University of Georgia 

James A. Bohart (1972) 
Assistant Professor of Music 
B.S., M.M., Northern Illinois 
University 

William L. Brightman (1975) 
Professor of English 
A.B., Ph.D., University of Washington 

Laura M. Calkins (1990) 
Assistant Professor of Asian History 
B.A., James Madison College of 

Michigan State University 
M.Sc, London School of Economics 

and Political Science 
M.A., Ph.D., School of Oriental and 

African Studies, University of 

London 



Anthonys. Caprio (1989) 
Provost and Professor 
B.A., Wesleyan University 
M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 

Ronald L. Carlisle (1985) 

Professor of Computer Science and 

Mathematics 
Director of Computer Services 
B.A., Emory University 
M.A., Atlanta University 
Ph.D., Emory University 

John M. Carter (1990) 

Assistant Professor of Education 
B.A., Elon College 
M.A., University of North Carolina 
Ph.D., University of Illinois 

Barbara R. Clark (1971) 
Professor of English 
B.A., Georgia State University 
M.A., University of ICansas 
M.P.A., Georgia State University 
Ph.D., University of Georgia 
C.P.A., Georgia 

John A. Cramer (1980) 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., Wheaton College 
M.A., Ohio University 
Ph.D., Texas A&M University 

Timothy H. Hand (1990) 
Assistant Professor of Psychology 
B.S., Central Michigan University 
M.S., Ph.D., McGill University 

Bruce H. Hetherington (1980) 
Professor of Economics 
B.B.A. Madison College 
M.A., Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic 
Institute 



174 



Raymond J. Kaiser (1986) 
Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
B.S., University of Notre Dame 
M.S., Ph.D., Louisiana State 
University 

Nancy H.Kerr (1983) 
Professor of Psychology 
B.A., Stanford University 
Ph.D., Cornell University 

Joseph M. Knippenberg (1985) 
Assistant Professor of Political Studies 
B.A., James Madison College of 

Michigan State University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Toronto 

John B. Knott, III (1971) 
Executive Vice President 
A.B., University of North Carolina 
M.Div., Duke University 
Ph.D., Emory University 

Ann C. Kruger (1991) 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 
B.A., Florida State University 
M.A., Ph.D., Emory University 

Brian K. Ladd (1990) 
Assistant Professor of European History 
B.A., Grinnell College 
M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 

JayLutz (1988) 

Assistant Professor of French 
B.A., Antioch University 
M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 

Douglas McFarland (1992) 
Assistant Professor of English 
B.A., Pomona College 
M.A., San Francisco State University 
Ph.D., University of California 

Mary M. Middleton (1988) 
Associate Professor of Accounting 
B.S., M.S., University of Virginia 
Ph.D., University of Georgia 

Vienna Kern Moore (1987) 
Assistant Professor of Education 
Vera A. Milner Professor of Elementary 

Education 
B.A., University of North Carolina at 

Greensboro 
M.A., East Tennessee State University 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 



Philip J. Neujahr (1973) 
Professor of Philosophy 
B.A. Stanford University 
M.Phil., Ph.D., Yale University 

Lloyd Nick (1984) 
Director of Art Programs 
Director of the Oglethorpe University 

Museum 
B.F.A., Hunter College 
M.F.A., University of Pennsylvania 

Ken Nishimura (1964) 
Professor of Philosophy 
A.B., Pasadena College 
M.Div., Asbury Theological Seminary 
Ph.D., Emory University 

John D. Orme (1983) 

Associate Professor of Political Studies 
B.A., University of Oregon 
M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 

Madeleine Picciotto (1988) 
Assistant Professor of English 
Writing Program Director 
B.A., Princeton University 
M.A., Columbia University 
Ph.D., Princeton University 

W. Irwin Ray (1986) 
Director of Musical Activities 
B.M., Samford University 
M.C.M., D.M.A., Southern Baptist 
Theological Seminary 

Michael K. Rulison (1982) 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., University of Illinois 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Georgia 

John A. Ryland (1985) 
Librarian 

B.A., M.A., Florida State University 
Bibliotekarseksamen, Royal School of 
Librarianship-Copenhagen 

Daniel L. Schadler (1975) 
Professor of Biology 
A.B., Thomas More College 
M.S., Ph.D., Cornell University 

William O. Shropshire (1979) 
Callaway Professor of Economics 
B.A., Washington and Lee University 
Ph.D., Duke University 



175 



Donald S. Stanton (1988) 
President 

A.B., Western Maryland College 
M.Div., Wesley Seminary 
M.A., The American University 
Ed.D., University of Virginia 
L.H.D., Columbia College 
LL.D., Western Maryland College 
Litt.D., Albion College 

John C. Stevens (1975) 
Professor of Education 
A.B., University of Denver 
M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Georgia 

Brad L. Stone (1982) 
Professor of Sociology 

B.S., M.S., Brigham Young University 
Ph.D., University of Illinois 

William F. Straley (1990) 
Associate Professor of Business 

Administration 
M.S., M.B.A., Georgia State University 
Ph.D., Auburn University 

Linda J. Taylor (1975) 
Professor of English 
A.B., Cornell University 
Ph.D., Brown University 

John A. Thames (1977) 

Dean of Continuing Education 
B.A., Vanderbilt University 
M.A., Columbia University 
Ed.D., University of Southern 
California 



David N. Thomas (1968) 
Professor of History 
A.B., Coker College 
M.A., Ph.D., University of North 

Carolina 
D.H., Francis Marion College 

J. Dean Tucker (1988) 

Associate Professor of Business 

Administration and Economics 
Mack A. Rikard Chair in Business 

Administration and Economics 
B.S., M.A., Ohio State University 
Ph.D., Michigan State University 

Victoria L. Weiss (1977) 
Professor of English 
Manning M. Pattillo Professor of Liberal 

Arts 
B.A., St. Norbert College 
M.A., Ph.D., Lehigh University 

Monte W. Wolf (1978) 
Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., University of California 
Ph.D., University of Southern 
California 

Alan N. Woolfolk (1989) 
Associate Professor of Sociology 
B.S., M.A., University of Pennsylvania 
M.S., University of Oregon 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 

Philip P. Zinsmeister (1973) 
Professor of Biology 
B.S., Wittenberg University 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Illinois 



Professors Emeriti 



Thomas W. Chandler (1961) 
Librarian Emeritus 
B.A., M.Ln., Emory University 

Charlton H.Jones (1974) 
Professor Emeritus of Business 

Administration 
B.S., University of Illinois 
M.B.A., Ph.D., University of Michigan 



J. BrienKey (1965) 

Professor Emeritus of History 

A.B., Birmingham-Southern College 

M.A., Vanderbilt University 

Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University 

James R. Miles (1950) 

Professor Emeritus of Business 

Administration 
A.B., B.S., University of Alabama 
M.B.A., Ohio State University 



176 



Henry S. Miller (1974) 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 
A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Columbia 
University 

David K. Mosher (1972) 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
B.A., Harvard University 
B.S.A.E., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
Technology 

Philip F. Palmer (1964) 

Professor Emeritus of Political Studies 
A.B., M.A., University of New 
Hampshire 

T. LavonTalley (1968) 

Professor Emeritus of Education 

B.S., M.S., Ed.D., Auburn University 



Louise M. Valine (1978) 
Professor Emerita of Education 
B.S., University of Houston 
M.Ed., University of Georgia 
Ed.D., Auburn University 

Martha H. Vardeman (1966) 
Professor Emerita of Sociology 
B.S., M.S., Auburn University 
Ph.D., University of Alabama 

George F. Wheeler (1953) 
Professor Emeritus of Physics 
A.B., Ohio State University 
M.A., California Institute of 
Technology 



177 



Administration 

(Year of appointment in parenthesis) 



Donald S. Stanton (1988) 
President 

A.B., Western Maryland College 
M.Div., Wesley Seminary 
M.A., The American University 
Ed.D., University of Virginia 
L.H.D., Columbia College 
LL.D., Western Maryland College 
Litt.D., Albion College 

Anthonys. Caprio (1989) 
Provost 

B.A. Wesleyan University 
M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 

Paul L. Dillingham (1984) 
Vice President for Development 
B.S., University of Kentucky 

John B. Knott, III (1971) 
Executive Vice President 
A.B., University of North Carolina 
M.Div., Duke University 
Ph.D., Emory University 

Donald R. Moore (1986) 

Vice President for Student Affairs/Dean of 

Community Life 
B.A., Emory University 
J.D., Emory University School of Law 



Manning M. Pattillo.Jr. (1975) 
Honorary Chancellor 
B.A., University of the South 
A.M., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
LL.D., LeMoyne College 
LL.D., St. John's University 
L.H.D., University of Detroit 
L.H.D., College of New Rochelle 
L.H.D., Park College 
Litt.D., St. Norbert College 

Kenneth B. Stark (1989) 
Executive Director of University 

Communications 
B.J., University of Missouri 

John A. Thames (1977) 

Dean of Continuing Education 
B.A., Vanderbilt University 
M.A., Columbia University 
Ed.D., University of Southern 
California 

Betty Weiland (1983) 
Administrative Assistant to the President 



Academic Affairs 



Anthony S. Caprio 
Provost 

John A. Ryland 
Librarian 

Deborah Dejuan 

Library Assistant-Circulation 

Nancy T. Gallagher 

Library Assistant-Acquisitions 

Stephanie L. Phillips 
Library Assistant-Circulation 



Penny Rose 

Library Assistant-Periodicals 

George C. Stewart 
Reference Librarian 

David Stockton 
Catalog Librarian 

Paul Stephen Hudson 
Registrar 

Amy M. Mahoney 
Associate Registrar 



178 



Pamela G. Tubesing 
Administrative Assistant to the Provost 

Nora Krebs 
Faculty Secretary/ Office Manager 



Terry Lynch 

Coordinator/ Secretary 

Elaine K. Shah 

Curator of Permanent Collections 
Oglethorpe University Museum 



Admissions and Financial Aid 



John B. Knott, III 
Executive Vice President 

Dennis T. Matthews 
Director of Admissions 

Linda M. Bartell 
Associate Director of Admissions 

Cathy Beers 
Admissions Couruelor 

Andy P. Geeter 
Admissions Couruelor 

Todd E. Shapiro 
Admissions Counselor 

Darryl C. Wade 
Admissions Counselor 



Barbara B. Henry 

Graduate Admissions Counselor 

Sharon Patton 
Ofjice Manager 

Deborah Marsh 
Assistant to the Director of Admissions 

Leigh Maloy 
Assistant to the Director of Admissions 

Pamela S. Beaird 

Director of Financial Aid 

Mara B. Koning 
Assistant Director of Financial Aid 

Jayne P. Stagg 

Assistant to the Director of Financial Aid 



Athletics and Physical Fitness 



Jack Berkshire 
Director of Athletics 
Head Men's Basketball Coach 

Brenda Hillman 

Head Women's Basketball Coach 
Volleyball Coach 

Brett Teach 
Head Soccer Coach 
Assistant Tennis Coach 

Pete Meyer 

Head Baseball Coach 
Superintendant of Fields 



Robert Unger 

Head Cross Country and Track Coach 

Jim Owen 

Associate Basketball Coach 
Intramural Director 

Dunn Neugebauer 
Head Tennis Coach 
Sports Information Director 

Steve Stepp 
Head Trainer 

Pat Elsey 

Office Manager 



179 



Business Affairs 



John B. Knott, III 
Executive Vice President 

Linda W. Bucki 
Associate Dean for Administration 

Carrie Lee Hall 
Administrative Assistant to the Executive 
Vice President and Associate Dean 

Janice C. Gilmore 

Director of the Business Of/ice 

Hilda Nix 
Accounts Payable and Payroll Supervisor 

Vivian Marshall 

Accounts Receivable Supervisor 



Janet Maddox 

Director of Institutional Research 

Adrina Richard 

Director of Auxiliary Services 

Richard L. Bemis, Sr. 

Director of the Physical Plant 

Charles M. Wingo 
Manager, Bookstore 

Sheryl Murphy 
Assistant Manager, Bookstore 

John R. Ferrey 

Director of Data Processing 



Community Life 



Donald R. Moore 

Vice President for Student Affairs and Dean 
of Community Life 

Marshall R. Nason 
Associate Dean of Community Life and 
Director of Student Center 

Kay Norton 
Assistant Dean of Community Life and 
Director of Housing 

Patsy A. Bradley 

University Nurse 

William G. Erickson, M.D. 
University Physician 

C. Harold Johnson 

Director of Security 



Katherine K. Nobles 

Director of Career Planning and Placement 

Carolyn M. Duffy 

Administrative Assistant to the Vice 
President 

Betty Nissley 

Secretary for the Student Center 

Jeff Thompson 

Resident Director for Men's Housing 

Elizabeth Smith 

Resident Director for Women's Housing 

Betsy Ryland 
Counselor 



180 



Continuing Education 



John A. Thames 

Dean of Continuing Education 

Carl I. Pirklcjr. 
Associate Dean of Continuing Education 

Arlis D. Head 

Assistant Dean of Continuing Education 



Rhonda Walls 
Office Manager 

Ann Sincere 

Registration Coordinator 



Development 



Paul L. Dillingham 

Vice President for Development 

Mary Kay Murphy 

Associate Vice President for Development 

Harold C. Doster 
Director of Planned Giving 

Robert M. Hill 
Assistant Alumni Director and Assistant 
Annual Fund Director 

Jeannette Bugg 

Director of Development Research and 
Records 



Sharon Rabb 

Campaign Coordinator for Development 

Mary Ellen Warrick 

Administrative Assistant to the Vice 
President for Development 

J. Diane Wright 

Secretary to the Associate Vice President for 
Development 

Donna E. Whitehead 

Secretary for Alumni and Development 
Activities 

Eleanor Burgin 

Secretary for Development Research and 
Records 



University Communications 



Kenneth B. Stark, Jr. 

Executive Director of University 
Communications 



Ginajett Glance 

Publications Coordinator 

Staci R. Stover 
Administrative Assistant 



181 



Index 



Academic Advising 62 

Academic Regulations 61 

Access to Records 73 

Administration 178 

Advanced Placement Program 27 

Alumni Assn Board of Directors 173 

Application for Admission-Graduate 159 

Application for Admission- 
Undergraduate 23 

Artist-in-Residence 95 

Athletics 55 

Auditing Courses 63 

Board of Trustees 169 

Buildings and Grounds 18 

Calendar 8 

Career Planning 56 

Cheating 67 

Class Attendance 62 

CLEP 27 

Community Life 51 

Continuing Education 31 

Cooperative Education 56, 88 

Core Curriculum 90 

Counseling 56 

Course of Study Descriptions 

Accounting 141 

Allied Health 81 

American Studies 82 

Art 79, 95 

Biology 1 19 

Business Administration 143 

Business Administration and Behavioral 

Science 84 

Business Administration and Computer 

Science 85 

Chemistry 121 

Communications 97 

Computer Science 146 

Drama 98 

Economics 148 

Education, Early Childhood 153 

Education, Graduate 159 

Education, Middle Grades 153 

Education, Secondary 153 

Engineering 79 

English 99 

Foreign Language 102 

History 1 12 

Honors 77 

Individually Planned Major 80 

Interdisciplinary Majors 82 

International Studies 86 

Mathematics 125 

Mathematics and Computer Science ....87 

Medical Technology 127 

Music 104 

Philosophy 106 

Physical Fitness 82 

Physics 128 

Politics 1 15 

Pre-legal Program 81 



Pre-medical Program 81 

Pre-seminary Program 82 

Psychology 132 

Social Work 135 

Sociology 135 

Writing 109 

Credit by Examination 27 

Cross Registration 89 

Curriculum, Organization 75 

Dean's List 64 

Degrees 65 

Degrees With Honors 66 

Drop/Add 48 

Dual Degree Programs 79 

Emerson Student Center 19 

Evening School Fees 48 

Expenses 48 

Faculty 174 

Faith Hall 21 

Fees and Costs 48 

Field House 21 

Financial Assistance 34 

Fraternities and Sororities 55 

Freshman Seminar 52 

Good Standing 65 

Goodman Hall 21 

GoslinHall 20 

Grades 62 

Graduate Studies in Education 159 

Graduation Exercises 64, 159 

Graduation Requirements-Graduate 159 

Graduation Requirements- 
Undergraduate 64 

Handicapped Access 19 

Health Services 57 

Hearst Hall 20 

History of Oglethorpe 15 

Honor Code 67 

Honors and Awards 58 

Honors Program 77 

Housing 57 

Institutional Affiliations 4 

International Students 26 

Internships and Cooperative Education ....88 

Joint Enrollment 26 

Library (Lowry Hall) 19 

Lupton Hall 20 

Major Programs 76 

Meals 57 

Minor Programs 77 

Museum 19 

Non-Traditional Students 26 

Normal Academic Load 67 

"0"Book 58 

Oglethorpe Student Association 54 

Orientation 52 

Part-Time Fees 48 

Placement Center 56 

Plagiarism 68 

Policy on Discrimination and Sexual 

Harassment 53 



182 



President's Advisory Council 171 Semester System 67 

Probation and Dismissal 65 Student Organizations 54 

Professional Option 81 Teacher Education Program 152 

Refunds 49 Tradition, Purpose, and Goals 10 

Registration 62 Traer Hall 20 

Residence Halls Zu t- r c. j . o^ 

D J D • . rta CA Iransler Students 24 

Residency Requirement 25, 64 „ „ , „^ 

ROTC . ... . 45 Iransient btudents 27 

Scholarships 39 Withdrawal from a Course 48, 67 

Second Baccalaureate Degree 66 Withdrawal from the University 48, 67 



183 




I V E R S 
ATLANTA 



Please send me additional information: 
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4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Atlanta, GA 30319 



U ^"^ I V E R S ^ \ T Y 



Please send me additional information: 
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Address 



City State Zip 

( ) 



Phone 



School Attending 
Graduation Year _ 



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Mail to: Admissions Office 

Oglethorpe University 
4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Atlanta, GA 30319 



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IF MAILED 

IN THE 

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BUSINESS REPLY MAIL 

FIRST CLASS PERMIT NO. 1542 ATLANTA, GA 



POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY ADDRESSEE 



Admissions Office 

Oglethorpe University 
4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Atlanta, Georgia 30319-9990 



NO POSTAGE 

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IF MAILED 

IN THE 

UNITED STATES 



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