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Full text of "Oglethorpe University Bulletin, 1996-1998"

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1996-98 BULLETIN 



Oglethorpe University is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the South- 
ern Association of Colleges and Schools (1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, Georgia 
30033-4097; telephone (404) 679-4501) to award bachelor's degrees and master's 
degrees. The undergraduate and graduate teacher education programs are 
approved by the Professional Standards Commission of the State of Georgia. 



Oglethorpe makes no distinction in its admission policies or procedures on grounds of age, race, 
gender, religious belief, color, sexual orientation, national origin, or disability. This Bulletin is pub- 
lished by the Office of the Provost, Oglethorpe University. The information included in it is accu- 
rate for the 1996-98 academic years as of the date of publication, June 1996; however, the programs, 
policies, requirements, and regulations are subject to change as circumstances may require. The 
listing of a course or program in this Bulletin does not constitute a guarantee or contract that it will 
be offered during the 1996-98 academic years. Final responsibility for selecting and scheduling 
courses and satisfactorily completing curriculum requirements rests with the student. 



Directory of Correspondence 



Oglethorpe University, 4484 Peachtree Road, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797 
(404) 261-1441 



General College Policy 

Academic Policy 

Admission 

Financial Aid and Scholarships 

Advancement and Fund Raising 
(Development, Public Relations, 
Alumni Affairs) 

Financial Information 



Housing and Career Services 



Student Records and Transcripts 

University College 

(Continuing Education, Evening Classes) 

Public Information and Public Relations 



Donald S. Stanton 
President 

Anthony S. Caprio 
Provost 

Dennis T. Matthews 

Director of Admission 

Pamela S. Beaird 

Director of Financial Aid 

Robert J. Buccino 
Vice President for 
Advancement 

John B. Knott, III 

Executive Vice President 

Janice C. Gilmore 

Director of the Business Office 

Donald R. Moore 

Vice President for Student 
Affairs 

Paul Stephen Hudson 
Registrar 

John A. Thames 

Dean of University College 

Robert M. Hill 

Director of Public Relations 



Visitors 



Oglethorpe University welcomes visitors to the campus throughout the year. 
To be sure of seeing a particular staff or faculty member, visitors are urged to 
make an appointment in advance. Administrative offices are open from 8:30 
a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on weekdays. In addition, appointments are available on 
Saturday. 

All of the offices of the University can be reached by calling Atlanta 
(404) 261-1441 (switchboard). The Public Relations Office (404) 364-8446 is 
available for assistance. The Admission Office can be reached directly by calling 
(404) 364-8307 in the Atlanta calling area or (800) 428-4484 outside of Atlanta. 



Table of Contents 



University Calendar 4 

Tradition, Purpose, and Goals 7 

History 13 

Campus Facilities 17 

Admission 23 

Financial Assistance 33 

Tuition and Costs 47 

Community Life 53 

Academic Regulations and Policies 67 

The Core Curriculum 77 

Honors Program 81 

Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors 85 

University College 99 

DIVISION I Humanities 107 

DIVISION II History, Politics, and 

International Studies 133 

DIVISION III Science and Mathematics 143 

DIVISION IV Behavioral Sciences 161 

DIVISION V Economics and Business 

Administration 171 

DIVISION VI Education - Undergraduate 

and Graduate 187 

Board of Trustees 205 

President's Advisory Council 208 

Alumni Association 210 

The Faculty. 212 

Administration 216 

Institutional Affiliations and Memberships ..221 

Campus Map 226 

Index 228 



University Calendar 


Fall Semester, 1996 


Sat 


August 24 


Opening of Residence Halls and Orientation 


Sun 


August 25 


Orientation 


Mon 


August 26 


Orientation and Testing of New Students; 
Registration of Returning Students 


Tue 


August 27 


Registration of New Students 


Wed 


August 28 


First Day of Classes 


Mon 


September 2 


Labor Day Holiday 


Wed 


September 4 


Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 
End of Late Registration 


Mon 


October 14 


Columbus Day Holiday 


Fri 


October 18 


Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a 
Course with a "W" Grade 


M-F 


November 11-15 


Pre-Registration for Spring Semester, 1997 


W-S 


November 27- 
December 1 


Thanksgiving Holidays 


Mon 


December 2 


Classes Resume 


Mon 


December 9 


Last Day of Classes 


Tue 


December 10 


Reading/Preparation Day 


W-F 


December 11-13 


Final Examinations 


Sat 


December 14 


Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 


M-T 


December 16-17 


Final Examinations 


Spring Semester, 1997 




Mon 


January 13 


Opening of Residence Halls and Orientation 


Tue 


January 14 


Orientation and Registration 


Wed 


January 15 


First Day of Classes 


Mon 


January 20 


Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday 


Wed 


January 22 


Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 
End of Late Registration 


Fri 


March 7 


Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a 
Course with a "W" Grade 


Sat 


March 15 


Beginning of Spring Vacation (5:00 p.m.) 


S-S 


March 16-23 


Spring Holidays 


Mon 


March 24 


Classes Resume 


M-F 


April 7-11 


Pre-Registration for Summer and Fall 
Semesters, 1997 


Tue 


April 29 


Last Day of Classes 


Wed 


April 30 


Reading/Preparation Day 


Th-F 


May 1-2 


Final Examinations 


Sat 


May 3 


Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 


M-W 


May 5-7 


Final Examinations 


Sat 


May 10 


Commencement 



Fall Semester, 1997 



Sat 
Sun 
Mon 


August 23 
August 24 
August 25 


Tue 
Wed 
Mon 
Wed 


August 26 
August 27 
September 1 
September 3 


Mon 


October 13 


Fri 


October 17 


M-F 


November 10-14 


W-S 


November 26-30 


Mon 


December 1 


Mon 


December 8 


Tue 


December 9 


W-F 


December 10-12 


Sat 


December 13 


M-T 


December 15-16 



Opening of Residence Halls and Orientation 

Orientation 

Orientation and Testing of New Students; 

Registration of Returning Students 
Registration of New Students 
First Day of Classes 
Labor Day Holiday 
Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 

End of Late Registration 
Columbus Day Holiday 
Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a 

Course with a "W" Grade 
Pre-Registration for Spring Semester, 1998 
Thanksgiving Holidays 
Classes Resume 
Last Day of Classes 
Reading/Preparation Day 
Final Examinations 

Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 
Final Examinations 



Spring Semester, 1998 



Mon 


January 12 


Tue 


January 13 


Wed 


January 14 


Mon 


January 19 


Wed 


January 21 


Fri 


March 6 


Sat 


March 14 


S-S 


March 15-22 


Mon 


March 23 


M-F 


April 6-10 


Tue 


April 28 


Wed 


April 29 


Th-F 


April 30-May 1 


Sat 


May 2 


M-W 


May 4-6 


Sat 


May 9 



Opening of Residence Halls and Orientation 

Orientation and Registration 

First Day of Classes 

Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday 

Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 

End of Late Registration 
Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a 

Course with a "W" Grade 
Beginning of Spring Vacation (5:00 p.m.) 
Spring Holidays 
Classes Resume 
Pre-Registration for Summer and Fall 

Semesters, 1998 
Last Day of Classes 
Reading/Preparation Day 
Final Examinations 

Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 
Final Exzuninations 
Commencement 



Courses also are offered during several summer sessions. For dates and course 
offerings, contact the Registrar's Office. 



1996 






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JULY 










AUGUST 










SEPTEMBER 




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JUNE 




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Tradition, Purpose 
and Goals 




Tradition, Purpose and Goals 



Oglethorpe derives its institutional purpose from an awareness and appre- 
ciation of the University's heritage and from an analysis of the needs of contem- 
porary society. The goals of the educational program and of other component 
parts of the University are based on this sense of institutional purpose. 



The Oglethorpe Tradition 



Three main ideas or models of what higher education ought to be have 
shaped American colleges and universities. The first is the model of the English 
college, particularly in the form developed at Oxford and Cambridge in the 
18th and 19th centuries. Most of the older institutions in the United States were 
patterned on the English colleges of that period. Many observers have concluded 
that this is the finest type of collegiate education produced by Western civilization. 

The second idea is that of the German university, especially of the 19th 
century. This model, which has had enormous influence on American universi- 
ties, stresses professional education (as in medicine and law), graduate study 
leading to the Ph.D. degree, and specialized research. The German university 
idea was imported into the United States by Johns Hopkins and other institu- 
tions in the last century and has left its mark on every college and university in 
the country. 

The third idea or model is that of the land-grant college, a uniquely Ameri- 
can institution created by the Morrill Act, passed by Congress in 1862. This 
model emphasizes large-scale technical education and service to agriculture and 
industry. It has contributed especially to education in such fields as engineering 
and agriculture and has been the foundation on which many of the state univer- 
sities have been built. 

Oglethorpe University identifies itself with the tradition of the English 
college. Established in 1835 and named after General James Edward Oglethorpe, 
the founder of Georgia, the University was patterned on Corpus Christi College, 
Oxford, General Oglethorpe's alma mater. It would be overstating the matter to 
say that Oglethorpe University has been untouched by the other two concep- 
tions of higher education, but it has certainly been shaped principally by the 
English tradition of collegiate education. 

What are the distinctive features of that tradition? Hundreds of books have 
been written on the subject, perhaps the most influential of which is John Henry 
Newman's The Idea of a University, one of the great educational classics. Briefly 
stated, four characteristics have made this kind of college widely admired: 

1. Colleges in the English tradition emphasize broad education for intelli- 
gent leadership. They believe that this is a more useful undergraduate 
education for the able young person than technical training for a specific 
job. 

2. Colleges such as Oglethorpe stress the basic academic competencies — 
reading, writing, speaking, and reasoning — and the fundamental fields 
of knowledge — the arts and sciences. These are essential tools of the 
educated person. 

3. Close relationships between teacher and student are indispensable to 
this type of education. A teacher is much more than a conveyor of infor- 



8 



mation — the invention of the printing press made that notion of educa- 
tion obsolete. Rather, the most important function of the teacher is to 
stimulate intellectual activity in the student and to promote his or her 
development as a mature person. Factory-like instruction, conducted in 
huge classes, is the very antithesis of the English tradition. 
4. A collegiate education is far more than a collection of academic courses. 
It is a process of development in which campus leadership opportunities, 
residential life, athletics, formal and informal social functions, aesthetic 
experiences, and contact with students from other cultures, in addition to 
classroom exercises, all play important roles. Versatility and ability to lead 
are important goals of this type of undergraduate education. 
Two other aspects of Oglethorpe's tradition were contributed by Philip 
Weltner, President of the University from 1944 to 1953. Oglethorpe, he said, 
should be a "small college, superlatively good." Only at a small college with 
carefully selected students and faculty, he believed, could young persons achieve 
their fullest intellectual development through an intense dialogue with extraor- 
dinary teachers. Thus, a commitment to limited size and superior performance 
cire important elements of the Oglethorpe tradition. 

Purpose: Education for a Changing Society 

While an institution may take pride in a distinguished heritage, it is also 
essential that its educational program prepare young people to function effec- 
tively in a complex and rapidly changing society. What are the requirements of 
an education intended to inform and enrich lives and careers that will be con- 
ducted in the remainder of this century and beyond? 

Many commentators on contemporary social conditions and future trends 
agree that today's rapidly changing society places a premium on adaptability. 
People in positions of leadership must be able to function effectively in chang- 
ing circumstances. Rigid specialization, with its training in current practice, ill 
prepares the graduate for responsibilities in such a society. The broadly edu- 
cated person, schooled in fundamental principles, is better equipped to exercise 
leadership in a world that is being transformed by high technology and new 
information. 

Oglethorpe emphasizes the preparation of the humane generalist — the 
kind of leader needed by a complex and changing society. Its purpose is to 
produce graduates who are broadly educated in the fundamental fields of knowl- 
edge and the basic concepts and principles of their disciplines and who are 
prepared to exercise responsible leadership in public and private life. 

The University limits its educational program to the arts and sciences, busi- 
ness administration, and teacher education. It defines its primary role as the 
conduct of a program of undergraduate education for men and women of above- 
average ability and traditional college age. In addition, a master's degree in 
teacher education, a master's degree in business administration, and programs 
of continuing education for adults are offered as services to the local community. 



Goals 

Educational programs at Oglethorpe seek to produce graduates who dis- 
play abilities, skills, intellectual attitudes, and sensitivities which are related to 
the University's purpose. The curriculum is designed to develop the following: 

1. The ability to comprehend English prose at an advanced level. 

2. The ability to convey ideas in writing and in speech — accurately, gram- 
matically, and persuasively. 

3. Skill in reasoning logically about important matters. 

4. An understanding of the values and principles that have shaped Western 
civilization and of the methods employed in historical inquiry. 

5. A knowledge and appreciation of great literature, especially the great 
literature of the English-speaking world. 

6. An appreciation of one or more of the arts and an understanding of 
artistic excellence. 

7. An acquaintance with the methods of inquiry of mathematics and sci- 
ence and with the results of the efforts of scientists to understand physical 
and biological phenomena. 

8. An understanding of the most thoughtful reflections on right and wrong 
and an allegiance to principles of right conduct. 

9. A basic understanding of our economic, political, and social systems and 
of the psychological and sociological influences on human behavior. 

In its dedication to a broad, comprehensive liberal education for each stu- 
dent, Oglethorpe has created a common set of core courses that invites students 
to be thoughtful, inquisitive, and reflective about the human condition and the 
world surrounding them. These core courses work together with students' expe- 
riences in advanced courses in their chosen disciplines to encourage the life- 
long "habit of mind" that is extolled in Newman's The Idea of a University. Stu- 
dents are thus urged to consider carefully what they see, hear, and read, to 
examine questions from more than one point of view, and to avoid leaping quickly 
to conclusions. 

The central considerations of the Oglethorpe core curriculum are expressed 
in the form of five questions that have no easy answers: 

1. What are our present ways of understanding ourselves and the universe? 

2. How do these ways of understanding evolve? 

3. How do we deal with conflicts in our ways of understanding? 

4. How do we decide what is of value? 

5. How do we decide how to live our lives? 

The Oglethorpe core curriculum initiates and sustains meaningful discus- 
sion about matters which are and have been fundamental to understanding the 
human condition and dealing thoughtfully with its ambiguities. The courses in 
the core program present a variety of distinct ways of knowing or understand- 
ing ourselves and our world. 

As students become actively engaged with faculty in asking and attempting 
to answer the central questions raised by the core courses, they will learn to 
appreciate the life of the mind and to be interested in hearing the variety of 
voices that have addressed these questions. In an effort to ensure that students 
encounter such points of view directly, Oglethorpe's core courses are designed 
to stimulate intensive interaction between faculty and students. 



10 



The core curriculum provides only a beginning for the investigation of 
significant questions. What students have at the completion of the Oglethorpe 
core program are not final answers but a multiplicity of ways of knowing and 
experiencing the world. They will, in addition, be prepared to continue this 
inquiry on their own. 

All undergraduate programs also require the student to develop a deeper 
grasp of one or more fields of knowledge organized coherently as a major. The 
student's major may be pursued in a single field, such as biology, economics, or 
English, or it may cut across two or more traditional fields (as an interdiscipli- 
nary or individually planned major). 

The curriculum and extracurricular life are structured to engender in 
students the following: 

1. The willingness and ability to assume the responsibilities of leadership 
in public and private life, including skill in organizing the efforts of other 
persons on behalf of worthy causes. 

2. An inclination to continue one's learning after graduation from college 
and skill in the use of books and other intellectual tools for that purpose. 

3. A considered commitment to a set of career and life goals. 

4. An awareness of the increasingly international character of contemporary 
life and skill in interacting with persons of diverse cultural backgrounds. 

The graduate program in teacher education seeks to support elementary 
and middle grades education in the University's neighboring community by pro- 
viding members of the teaching profession with the opportunity to enhance 
their knowledge and skills in areas of assessed need. The program enables prac- 
ticing teachers and other students to achieve career advancement by earning the 
initial graduate degree in the field of education. Program graduates are expected 
to have developed and demonstrated: 

1. Familiarity with the scholarly literature in their fields of study. 

2. Expertise in appropriate research techniques. 

3. The capacity for sustained study and independent thought. 

The graduate program in business administration explores the qualities 
that define business leadership in a global environment. Graduates are expected 
to develop: 

1. Critical thinking skills which will enable students to solve complex busi- 
ness problems. 

2. Advanced communication skills which cross technical and cultural 
spectrums. 

3. Achieve a greater understanding of the social context in which businesses 
operate. 

The continuing education program enables members of the metropolitan 
community to pursue their educational goals in a variety of programs and courses. 
Baccalaureate courses selected for adult learners from the regular undergradu- 
ate curriculum are offered in the evening and on weekends. Majors and pro- 
grams of special relevance and interest to those already employed are emphasized 
to enable program graduates to attain advancement in their careers. 



11 



Non-credit courses are also offered in the continuing education program 
in order to provide service to as broad a segment of the community as possible. 
Courses focused on the goals of personal enrichment and professional develop- 
ment are offered during evening hours. Career advancement goals may be 
pursued in the non-credit curriculum through a variety of computer courses. 

The success of Oglethorpe alumni and students in their subsequent educa- 
tion, a wide variety of careers, and community life attests to the soundness of 
this approach to education. 



12 



History 




History 



Old Oglethorpe University began in the early 1800s with a movement by 
Georgia Presbyterians to establish in their state an institution for the training of 
ministers. For generations, southern Presbyterian families had sent their sons to 
Princeton College in New Jersey, and the long distance traveled by stage or 
horseback suggested the building of a similar institution in the South. 

Oglethorpe University was chartered by the state of Georgia in 1835, shortly 
after the centennial observance of the state. The college was named after James 
Edward Oglethorpe, the founder of Georgia. Oglethorpe University, which com- 
menced actual operations in 1838, was thus one of the earliest denominational 
institutions in the South located below the Virginia line. The antebellum college, 
which began with four faculty members and about 25 students, was located at 
Midway, a small community near Milledgeville, then the capital of Georgia. 

Throughout its antebellum existence the Oglethorpe curriculum consisted 
primarily of courses in Greek, Latin, classical literature, theology, and a surpris- 
ing variety of natural science. Oglethorpe's president during much of this period 
was Samuel Kennedy Talmage, an eminent minister and educator. Other notable 
Oglethorpe faculty members were Nathaniel M. Crawford, professor of math- 
ematics and a son of Georgia statesman William H. Crawford; Joseph LeConte, 
destined to earn world fame for his work in geology and optics; and James 
Woodrow, an uncle of Woodrow Wilson and the first professor in Georgia to 
hold the Ph.D. degree. Oglethorpe's most distinguished alumnus from the ante- 
bellum era was the poet, critic, and musician Sidney Lanier, who graduated in 
1860. Lanier remained as tutor in 1861 until he, with other Oglethorpe cadets, 
marched away to war. Shortly before his death, Lanier remarked to a friend that 
his greatest intellectual impulse was during his college days at Oglethorpe University. 

Old Oglethorpe in effect "died at Gettysburg." During the Civil War its 
students were soldiers, its endowment was lost in Confederate bonds, and its 
buildings were used for barracks and hospitals. The school closed in 1862 and 
afterward conducted classes irregularly at the Midway location. In 1870 the in- 
stitution was briefly relocated in Georgia's postbellum capital of Atlanta, at the 
site of the present City Hall. Oglethorpe at this time produced several educa- 
tional innovations, expanding its curriculum to business and law courses and 
offering the first evening college classes in Georgia. The dislocation of the 
Reconstruction era proved insurmountable, however, and in 1872 Oglethorpe 
closed its doors for a second time. 

Oglethorpe University was rechartered in 1913, and in 1915 the corner- 
stone to the new campus was laid at its present location on Peachtree Road in 
north Atlanta. Present to witness the occasion were members of the classes of 
1860 and 1861, thus linking the old and the new Oglethorpe University. The 
driving force behind the University's revival was Dr. Thornwell Jacobs, whose 
grandfather, Professor Ferdinand Jacobs, had served on the faculty of Old 
Oglethorpe. Thornwell Jacobs, who became the Oglethorpe president for nearly 
three decades, intended for the new campus to be a "living memorial" to James 
Oglethorpe. The distinctive Gothic revival architecture of the campus was in- 
spired by the honorary alma mater of James Oglethorpe, Corpus Christi College, 
Oxford. The collegiate coat-of-arms, emblazoned with three boar's heads and 
the inscription Nescit Cedere ("He does not know how to give up"), replicated the 

14 



Oglethorpe family standard. For the college athletic teams, Jacobs chose an 
unusual mascot - a small, persistent seabird which, according to legend, had 
inspired James Oglethorpe while on board ship to Georgia in 1732. The 
Oglethorpe University nickname "Stormy Petrels" is unique in intercollegiate 
athletics. 

Although Presbyterian congregations throughout the South contributed to 
the revival of Oglethorpe University, the school never re-established a denomi- 
national affiliation. Since the early 1920s Oglethorpe has been an independent 
nonsectarian co-educational higher educational institution. Its curricular 
emphasis continued in the liberal arts and sciences and expanded into profes- 
sional programs in business administration and education. From the 1920s 
through the 1940s, the institution received major contributions from several 
individuals. Some of the most prominent benefactors were: John Thomas Lupton, 
Coca-Cola bottler from Chattanooga, Tennessee; Atlanta business community 
members Harry Hermance and Mrs. Robert J. Lowry; and publisher William 
Randolph Hearst. The latter gave to Oglethorpe a sizable donation of land. In 
the early 1930s the Oglethorpe campus covered approximately 600 acres, 
including 30-acre Silver Lake, which was renamed Lake Phoebe after the 
publisher's mother, Phoebe Apperson Hearst. 

During Thornwell Jacobs' tenure he launched several projects which brought 
national and even international repute to Oglethorpe University. In 1923 Jacobs 
discovered the tomb of James and Elizabeth Oglethorpe in Cranham, England. 
For about a decade Oglethorpe University was involved in major college athletics, 
and the Stormy Petrels fielded football teams that defeated both Georgia Tech 
and the University of Georgia. Perhaps Oglethorpe's most famous athlete was 
Luke Appling, enshrined in the Major League Baseball Hall of Fame. Dr. Jacobs 
in the 1930s became, however, one of the earliest and most articulate critics of 
misplaced priorities in intercollegiate athletics, and Oglethorpe curtailed 
development in this area. In the early 1930s Oglethorpe attracted widespread 
attention with its campus radio station, WJTL, named after benefactor John 
Thomas Lupton. Oglethorpe's University of the Air was a notable experiment, 
which lasted about five years, that broadcast college credit courses on the air 
waves. Oglethorpe University was one of the first institutions to confer honor- 
ary doctorates on national figures in order to recognize superior civic and 
scientific achievement. Among Oglethorpe's early honorary alumni were 
Woodrow Wilson, Walter Lippman, Franklin Roosevelt, Bernard Baruch, Amelia 
Earhart, and David Sarnoff. 

Perhaps the best known of all of Jacobs' innovations was the Oglethorpe 
Crypt of Civilization, which he proposed in the November 1936 issue oi Scientific 
American. This prototype for the modern time capsule v/as an effort to provide, 
for posterity, an encyclopedic inventory of life and customs from ancient times 
through the middle of the 20th century. The Crypt, sealed in the foundation of 
Phoebe Hearst Hall in 1940, is not to be opened until 8113 A.D. It has been 
hailed by the Guiness Book of World Records as "the first successful attempt to 
bury a record for future inhabitants or visitors to the planet earth." 

In 1944 Oglethorpe University began a new era under Philip Weltner, a 
noted attorney and educator. With a group of faculty associates. Dr. Weltner 
initiated an exciting approach to undergraduate education called the "Oglethorpe 
Idea." It involved one of the earliest efforts to develop a core curriculum, with 



15 



the twin aims to "make a life and to make a living." The Oglethorpe core, which 
was applauded by the New York Times, aimed at a common learning experience 
for students with about one-half of every student's academic program consisting 
of courses in "Citizenship" and "Human Understanding." After World War II, 
Oglethorpe University emphasized characteristics it had always cultivated, nota- 
bly close personal relationships, in order to be, in Dr. Weltner's words, "a small 
college superlatively good." From 1965 through part of 1972 the institution was 
called Oglethorpe College. But the historical identity of Oglethorpe University 
was so strong that in 1972 the original chartered name was re-established. 
Oglethorpe continued toward its goals and in the late 1960s began a facilities 
expansion program which created a new part of the campus, including a mod- 
ern student center and residential complex. 

By the 1980s the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching 
had classified Oglethorpe in the category of Liberal Arts I (now referred to as 
Baccalaureate [Liberal Arts] Colleges I). These highly selective undergraduate 
institutions award more than half of their degrees in the arts and sciences. By 
the 1990s the University was listed in the Fiske Guide to Colleges, The Princeton 
Review Student Access Guide, Barron's 300 Best Buys in College Education, National 
Review College Guide - America 's Top Liberal Arts Schools and many other guides to 
selective colleges. 

The student body, while primarily from the South, has become increasingly 
cosmopolitan; in a typical semester, Oglethorpe draws students from about 30 
states and 30 foreign countries. The University has established outreach through 
its non<redit Learn and Live courses; evening-weekend degree programs; teacher 
certification and a graduate program in education; a graduate program in busi- 
ness administration; and the Oglethorpe University Museum. The University is 
also home to the Georgia Shakespeare Festival. 

As Oglethorpe University faces the 21st century, it has demonstrated con- 
tinued leadership in the development and revision of its core curriculum, vfith 
efforts funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. The historic 
district of the 100-acre campus has been designated in the National Register of 
Historic Places. Enrollment is about 1,300 with the plans for controlled growth 
to about 1,500. Oglethorpe remains on the forefront of educational innovation, 
Vfith a curriculum that features interactive learning. The University uses a vari- 
ety of effective pedagogical techniques, perhaps most notably a peer tutoring 
program. Reflecting the contemporary growth of the city of Atlanta, Oglethorpe 
has recently developed a distinctive international dimension. Students at the 
University may complement their campus programs with foreign studies at sister 
institutions in Argentina, France, the Netherlands, Germany, Monaco and Japan. 
As Oglethorpe University continues to grow, academically and materially, it is 
ever mindful of its distinguished heritage and will still remain, in the affection- 
ate words of poet and alumnus Sidney Lanier, a "college of the heart." 

The Presidents of the University 

Carlyle Pollock Beman, 1836-1840 Donald Wilson, 1956-1957 

Samuel Kennedy Talmage, 1841-1865 Donald Charles Agnew, 1958-1964 

William M. Cunningham, 1869-1870 George Seward, Acting, 1964-1965 

David Wills, 1870-1872 Paul Rensselaer Beall, 1965-1967 

Thornwell Jacobs, 1915-1943 Paul Kenneth Vonk, 1967-1975 

Philip Weltner, 1944-1953 Manning Mason Pattillo, Jr., 1975-1988 

James Whitney Bunting, 1953-1955 Donald Sheldon Stanton, 1988- 

16 



Campus Facilities 




Oglethorpe University's facilities are generally accessible to physically 
impaired students. All buildings on campus are equipped with either ramps or 
ground-floor entry. With the exception of Lupton Hall, the primary classroom 
and office buildings have elevators to all floors. Appointments with faculty mem- 
bers or administrators with inaccessible offices are scheduled in accessible areas. 
Only three classrooms are not accessible. When appropriate, classes are reassigned 
so all classes are available to all students. All residence halls include accessible 
housing space. 

Smoking is prohibited in all campus buildings at Oglethorpe University. 
This includes classrooms, offices, labs, meeting rooms, lounge areas, restrooms, 
corridors, stairwells, the Library, the Field House, the Schmidt Center, the Student 
Center, and any other interior spaces in buildings. An exception to the rule is 
provided for residents in the privacy of their residence hall rooms. 

Lowry Hall — Philip Weltner Library 

The Philip Weltner Library is a recently remodeled and expanded facility 
which includes a formal reading room with an atrium, a glass-enclosed quiet 
reading room, and an after-hours reading room. In addition, there are numer- 
ous study rooms and carrells, as well as an audio-visual room. The Library of 
Congress classification is used in an open-stack arrangement allowing free access 
to users on all three floors. 

The collection of over 115,000 volumes includes books, periodicals, and 
microforms, as well as audio-visual and machine-readable materials. More than 
730 periodical subscriptions provide a diversified range of current information. 

The library has an on-line catalog and a computerized circulation system to 
aid the library patron. The library is a member of the library consortium of the 
University Center of Georgia and participates in Galileo, a statewide informa- 
tion network. 

The library is open seven days a week during the regular academic year. 



Oglethorpe Museum 



The Oglethorpe University Museum, located on the third floor of the Philip 
Weltner Library, opened in the spring of 1993 after extensive renovations. The 
museum, covering 7,000 square feet, has a comfortable environment created by 
the intimate spaces of two galleries. It is considered an important cultural addi- 
tion to Atlanta's growing art scene, drawing thousands of visitors each year. 

In addition to the permanent collection, three exhibitions are held each 
year, which focus on realistic, historical and/or international images of art. 

The museum sponsors a unique International Artist-in-Residence program, 
bringing to campus a well-known artist from another country to work in the 
Faith Hall Art Studios and to hold visiting hours for the students and the public. 
An exhibition of the artist-in-residence's work can be viewed in the Museum. 

For Museum hours and exhibit information, call (404) 364-8555. 



18 



Performing Arts Center 



This new performing arts center, with construction begun in 1996, is a four- 
story facihty located adjacent to the Philip Weltner Library. It provides a perma- 
nent home for the Georgia Shakespeare Festival and for classes in theatre and 
music for Oglethorpe's undergraduate liberal arts students. It houses a mainstage 
theatre with seating for 500, a lobby, rehearsal and dressing rooms, an area for 
receptions, offices, and shipping and receiving facilities. 

The Emerson Student Center 

The Emerson Student Center is named in honor of William A. and Jane S. 
Emerson, benefactors of the University. As the hub of campus life, the Emerson 
Student Center houses a lounge, television area, a snack bar/game room, the 
student post office, the student association office, the newspaper and yearbook 
offices, the cafeteria, the offices of the Dean of Community Life, the Director 
of the Student Center, the Director of Career Services, the Director of Housing, 
and the Director of Musical Activities. An outdoor swimming pool is adjacent to 
the building. 



Lupton Hall 



Lupton Hall, built in 1920 and named in honor of John Thomas Lupton, 
was one of the three original buildings on the present Oglethorpe University 
campus. Renovated in 1973 and 1996, it contains primarily administrative offices, 
including the Office of the President, faculty offices, an auditorium for 300 
persons, classrooms, and a computer laboratory. The offices of Admission, 
Advancement, Financial Aid, and the Registrar are also located in Lupton Hall. 

The cast-bell carillon in the Lupton tower has 42 bells which chime the 
quarter hours. 



Phoebe Hearst Hall 



Phoebe Hearst Hall was built in 1915 in the handsome neo-Gothic architec- 
ture that dominates the Oglethorpe campus. The building is named in honor of 
Phoebe Apperson Hearst, the mother of William Randolph Hearst, Sr. 

It was renovated in the fall of 1972 as a classroom and faculty office build- 
ing. Most classes, with the exception of science and mathematics, are held in 
this building which is located directly across from Lupton Hall. The University 
Bookstore is located on the lower level of the building. 

The dominant feature of the building is the beautiful Great Hall, the site of 
many traditional and historic events at Oglethorpe. Located on the ground floor 
of the building is the much-publicized Crypt of Civilization. The capsule was 
sealed on May 28, 1940 and is not to be opened until May 28, 8113. 



19 



Goslin Hall 



Goslin Hall was completed in 1971 and houses the Division of Science and 
Mathematics. Lecture halls and laboratories for biology, chemistry, and physics 
are located in the building. Goslin Hall was named in honor of Dr. Roy N. 
Goslin, the late Professor Emeritus of Physics, for his many years of dedicated 
work for the college and the nation. A new physics laboratory, made possible by 
a grant from the Olin Foundation, was opened in 1979. All laboratories were 
renovated in 1985. In 1993, a grant from AT&T provided a networked computer 
laboratory for science and mathematics instruction. 



Goodman Hall 



Goodman Hall was built in 1956 and renovated in 1970, when it was trans- 
formed from a men's into a women's residence hall. The facility currently contains 
the Academic Resource Center, the Urban Leadership Program, classrooms, 
and a computer training center. 



Traer Hall 



Built in 1969, Traer Hall is a three-story women's residence which houses 
168 students. Construction of the building was made possible through the gen- 
erosity of the late Wayne S. Traer, Oglethorpe University alumnus of the class of 
1928. The double occupancy rooms, arranged in suites, open onto a central 
plaza courtyard. 

Upper Residence Hall Complex 

Six residence halls are situated around the upper quadrangle. Alumni, 
Dempsey, Jacobs, Schmidt, and Trustee Halls, constructed in 1968, house both 
men and women. All rooms on the first and second floors are suites with pri- 
vate entrances and baths. 

Opened in the spring of 1996, the new residence hall is coed, non-smoking, 
and accommodates 73 students. It is designed as a more traditional facility with 
a central entrance and two-, three-, and four-person suites off central hallways. 



Faith Hall 



The Student Health Center and the Counseling Office are located on the 
upper level of Faith Hall, together with art studios and lecture rooms. 



R. E. Dorough Field House 



The Dorough Field House is the site of intercollegiate basketball and volley- 
ball and large campus gatherings such as concerts and commencement exer- 
cises. Built in 1960, the structure underwent major renovation in 1979. The 
building is named for the late R. E. Dorough, a former Trustee of the University. 



20 



Steve Schmidt Sport 8c Recreation Center 

Dedicated in 1995, the Schmidt Center is a 22,000 square-foot addition to 
Dorough Field House. The Center has basketball and volleyball courts, a run- 
ning track, seven offices, a conference room, locker rooms, a weight room, hand- 
ball courts, a training room, and an entrance lobby. The facility is used primarily 
for recreation and intramural sports. The Center is named for Stephen J. Schmidt, 
Oglethorpe University alumnus of the class of 1940 and long-time member of 
the Board of Trustees, who personally led the fund-raising effort for the addition. 

Outdoor Athletic Facilities 

Intercollegiate soccer is played on the Oglethorpe soccer field, located behind 
the upper residence hall complex. Intercollegiate baseball is played on Anderson 
Field between Hermance Stadium and Dorough Field House. Six tennis courts 
are adjacent to the field house and below them is a six-lane, all-weather LayKold 
track. There is an outdoor volleyball court (sand) behind the upper residence 
hall complex. 



21 



Admission 




The admission policy of Oglethorpe University is based on an individual 
selection process. Throughout its history, Oglethorpe has welcomed students 
from all sections of the country, as well as from abroad, as candidates for degrees. 
It is the policy of the Admission Committee to select for admission to the 
University applicants who present strong evidence of purpose, maturity, scho- 
lastic ability, and probable success at Oglethorpe. Applicants wishing to enroll 
in the evening credit program should consult the University College section in 
this Bulletin. 



Freshman Applicants 



Admission to the undergraduate division of the University may be gained 
by presenting evidence of successful completion of secondary school work and 
by providing the results of the College Entrance Examination Board's Scholastic 
Assessment Test (SAT) or the results of the American College Testing Program 
Assessment (ACT). 

Arrangements to take the SAT or ACT may be made through a secondary 
school guidance counselor or by writing directly to one of the testing agencies. 
For SAT write to College Board, Box 592, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, or Box 
1025, Berkeley, California 90701. For ACT write to American College Testing 
Program, P.O. Box 451, Iowa City, Iowa 52240. It is to the applicant's advantage 
to take one of the tests late in the junior year or early in the senior year of high 
school. 

Applicants should normally have or be in the process of completing a sec- 
ondary school program including appropriate courses in English, social studies, 
mathematics, and science. While an admission decision may be based on a partial 
secondary school transcript, a final transcript must be sent to the Admission 
Office by the candidate's school, showing evidence of academic work completed 
and official graduation. 

The Oglethorpe application contains a recommendation form and a list of 
other materials which must be submitted by the applicant. No application will 
be considered and acted upon until the items indicated have been received. 

Students may choose from Early Decision, Priority Decision, and Regular 
Decision admission. 



Application Procedure 



All correspondence concerning admission should be addressed to the 
Admission Office, Oglethorpe University, 4484 Peachtree Road N.E., Atlanta, 
Georgia 30319-2797. After receiving the application form, the applicant should 
complete and return it with an application fee of $30. 

Entering freshmen must also submit the following: the application essay, 
official high school transcripts, standardized test scores (SAT/ ACT), and the 
recommendation form completed by a high school counselor or teacher. 
Achievement tests, portfolios or videos are not required for admission purposes 
but will be considered if submitted. Interviews and campus visits are strongly 
recommended. If, upon review of an applicant's file, it is felt that further 
information would be helpful (i.e. mid-year grades), the student will be notified. 



24 



Transfer students must submit the completed application form and essay 
with the $30 application fee, official transcripts from each college attended, and 
certification of good academic standing at the most recent or present college. 
High school transcript and test scores are also required if less than one full year 
of college work has been completed. 

When a student has completed the application process, the Director of 
Admission and the Admission Committee will review the application. If accepted, 
the student will be required to submit an enrollment deposit to reserve 
accommodations for the appropriate semester. Residence hall students submit a 
deposit of $200, commuters $100. While the deposit is not refundable, it is 
applicable toward tuition and fees. 

Early Decision — First Choice 

This program allows students for whom Oglethorpe is their first choice to 
be considered on a priority basis. Completed applications with supporting 
materials are due on or before November 30. Candidates will be required to 
certify that they are not applying to any other colleges under an Early Decision 
plan. Notification of admission by Oglethorpe will be made on or about December 
15. Early Decision candidates applying for scholarship or financial aid assistance 
must file the appropriate forms by January 7. 

Accepted students will be required to submit their deposits by February 1 
and to certify that they have withdrawn applications from other schools. Early 
Decision students who do not submit their deposit as required will have offers 
of admission and financial assistance rescinded. 

Priority Decision 

Candidates for Priority Decision will be reviewed immediately following 
Early Decision candidates. Applications must be received by December 30. 
Decision letters will be mailed on January 15. A non-refundable deposit is due 
by May 1. 



Regular Decision 



Candidates for Regular Decision may submit their applications at any time, 
although the University will accept applicants after February 1 only on a "space- 
available" basis. Decisions will be mailed on or about February 1 to all candidates 
whose files are complete by January 23, and afterwards on a rolling basis. 



Campus Visit 



While not a requirement of the admission process, the candidate is urged to 
visit the campus and explore the academic and leadership opportunities that 
encompass the Oglethorpe tradition of a collegiate education. 

Additional information may be obtained by contacting the Admission Office, 
(404) 364-8307 in the Atlanta calling area or (800) 428-4484 from other locations. 



25 



Transfer Students and Transfer Policies 

Students who wish to transfer to Oglethorpe from other regionally accred- 
ited colleges are welcome to apply, provided they are in good standing at the last 
institution attended. They are expected to follow regular admission procedures 
and will be notified of the decision of the Admission Committee in the same 
manner that freshmen are notified. 

Most financial aid awards and scholarships are available to transfer students 
as well as first-time freshmen. 

The same application information is required of the transfer student as for 
the entering freshman, although high school records, test scores, and reference 
forms are not required of students having more than one full year of transfer- 
able credit. 

Transfer students must submit transcripts of all current and previous college 
work. A separate official transcript from each college attended must be received 
before any action will be taken on the application. 

Oglethorpe University will accept as transfer credit courses comparable to 
University courses which are applicable to a degree program offered at 
Oglethorpe. Acceptable work must be shown on an official transcript and must 
be completed with a grade of "C or better. Oglethorpe does not accept a "D" 
grade as transfer credit, unless a student has graduated from an accredited junior 
college, or a "D" grade is followed by a "C" grade or better in a normal sequence 
course (e.g., General Biology I and II). 

Transfer students on probation or exclusion from another institution will 
not be accepted. 

Transfer students must have a minimum grade-point average of 2.5 (on a 4.0 
scale) to be considered for admission. 

Transfer students who have earned an associate degree at a regionally 
accredited junior college will be awarded two years of credit. Junior college 
graduates with strong academic records are encouraged to apply for admission. 

Oglethorpe University will accept as many as 30 hours of United States 
Armed Forces Institute (USAFI) credit. 

Students who hold the R.N. credential from an appropriately accredited 
institution are awarded credit for their arts and sciences courses. To earn a 
bachelor's degree, the student must complete the core curriculum, a major, and 
other applicable requirements. 

The maximum total number of semester hours that may be transferred into 
Oglethorpe is 75. A minimum of 45 semester hours must be earned through 
course work at Oglethorpe in order for an Oglethorpe degree to be awarded, 
with 30 of the last 60 hours earned in residence (see Residency Requirement). 

Credits earned at post-secondary institutions accredited by the six regional 
accrediting bodies (e.g.. Southern, Middle States, New England, etc.. Associa- 
tions) will be accepted in day and evening programs. 

Courses taken at schools accredited by national crediting bodies (e.g., 
Association of Independent Schools and Colleges, American Association of Bible 
Colleges, etc.) may be credited. In these cases, student transcripts will be evaluated 
on an individual basis. Actual catalog course descriptions and relevant course 
syllabi should be provided by the student. The Registrar will determine whether 
or not courses are to receive transfer credit. 



Courses recognized by the American Council on Education (ACE) may be 
credited by the Registrar. Programs not recognized by ACE will not be given 
credit. 

A maximum of 30 semester hours may be earned through College Level 
Examination Program (CLEP tests). Maximum credit for Advanced Placement 
tests (AP testing) is also 30 semester hours. Please consult the section, Credit by 
Examination, on the following pages. 

In all cases, only 75 semester hours may be earned outside of Oglethorpe 
University through any of the means described above. At least 45 semester hours 
must be earned in course work for which Oglethorpe credits are grjinted. 

A minimum of 15 semester hours of a major must be in course work taken 
at Oglethorpe University (for teacher education mzyors, please refer to Division 
VI requirements in this Bulletin). A minimum of nine semester hours of a minor 
must be in course work taken at Oglethorpe. For education majors, these 
requirements must be fulfilled before student teaching. 

Transfer students should note that only work completed at Oglethorpe is 
reflected in the Oglethorpe grade-point average, and transfer work is not included 
in determination for Latin academic honors. To be eligible for academic honors, 
the student must complete 75 or more hours at Oglethorpe. 

International Students 

Admission to Oglethorpe is open to qualified students from all countries. 
Students who are able to provide evidence of suitable academic background, 
adequate financial resources, and seriousness of purpose are eligible to apply. 

All students from countries where English is not the native langucige must 
meet one of the following requirements to be considered for admission: 

1. Complete level 109 from an ELS, Inc. language center. 

2. Score a minimum of 550 on the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign 
Language). 

3. Score 480 or more on the verbal section of the International Scholastic 
Assessment Test. 

4. Have a combined 2.5 grade-point average with no grade below a "C" in 
two English composition courses from an AACRAO (American Associa- 
tion of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers) accredited college 
or university. 

5. Earn a grade of "C" or better in G.C.E. or G.S.C.E. examinations or 
their equivalent. 

An international student's secondary school credentials are subject to the 
acceptance criteria stated for his or her country in the AACRAO world education 
series, governed by the National Council on the Evaluation of Foreign Educa- 
tional Credentials, 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036. 

All students from nations where English is the native language must have 
one of the following to be considered for admission: 

1. A combined SAT score of 1000, with at least 480 on the verbal section. 

2. An ACT score of at least 21. 

3. Above-average scores on the "A" and/or "O" level examinations in British 
system schools or their equivalent in Northern Ireland or Scotland. 



27 



Joint Enrollment Students 



Students who have attained junior or higher standing in their secondary 
schools may apply for enrollment in suitable courses offered at the University. 

Admission to the joint enrollment program will depend upon an assessment 
by appropriate personnel of the student's secondary school and by Oglethorpe 
admission personnel. 

In general, the candidate must have the social maturity to benefit from a 
collegiate experience and possess a "B" or higher grade-point average along 
with a combined score of 1140 or higher on the Scholastic Assessment Test or 
its equivalent. A student seeking admission should write or call the Joint Enroll- 
ment Counselor in the Admission Office at Oglethorpe to receive an applica- 
tion. Normally no more than four courses may be taken as a joint enrollment 
student. 

Early Admission (Early Entrance) 

A gifted student of unusual maturity whose high school record shows excel- 
lent academic performance through the junior year in a college preparatory 
program, and whose score on a standardized assessment test is high, may submit 
his or her application for admission to the University for enrollment after the 
junior year in high school. The candidate should have the support of his or her 
parents in writing submitted with the application. A strong recommendation 
from the high school is expected, and the candidate must come to campus for a 
personal interview with a senior admission officer. 



Transient Students 



Transient students may take any course offered by the University, provided 
that they secure permission from their current institution certifying that the 
institution will accept for transfer credit the academic work done by the student 
at Oglethorpe. This permission is the responsibility of the transient student. 

A letter of good standing or a current transcript must be sent to the Admis- 
sion Office before a transient student can be accepted. 



Special Status Admission 



Special Status Admission is designed for students who wish to take a limited 
number of post-baccalaureate classes at Oglethorpe, or for non-traditional stu- 
dents who desire to begin college course work prior to being admitted to a 
degree-seeking program. 

Students may be admitted to Oglethorpe's undergraduate day program as a 
special status candidate if they meet one of the following criteria: 

1. They are at least 25 years of age and at least five years removed from 
their last educational experience. 

2. They have graduated from another accredited college or university. 
Under the program, students may enroll for a maximum of 15 semester hours. 
Individuals desiring to enroll for additional courses must apply as regular, degree- 
seeking candidates. 



To apply for Special Status Admission, students must submit a completed 
application form, a $30 non-refundable application fee, and proof of their last 
educational experience or a copy of their college diploma. 

Special status students are not eligible for financial assistance. 

Home School Students 

Students who have completed high school graduation requirements under 
a home school program may be considered for admission if the following 
information is provided: 

1. Above average SAT or ACT scores. 

2. A portfolio recording all high school work completed (including courses 
studied, textbooks, assignments, and extracurricular achievements). 

3. A personal interview with a senior admission officer. 

4. Two recommendations. 

5. An accredited home school transcript (if applicable). Oglethorpe reserves 
the right to require the GED. 



Credit by Examination 



There are three testing programs through which students may earn credit 
for required or elective courses. Any student who has questions about these 
examinations should consult the Registrar. No more than 30 semester hours of 
credit will be accepted from each of the programs described below. 

College Level Examination Program - CLEP 

Within the CLEP testing program are two categories. The General Exami- 
nations cover the areas of English Composition, Humanities, Mathematics, 
Natural Science, and Social Science and History. Oglethorpe University does 
not award credit for the General Examinations in English Composition, Natural 
Science, Mathematics, or Social Science and History. Minimum acceptable scores 
are 500 for each general area and 50 in each sub-total category. The Subject 
Examinations are designed to measure knowledge in a particular course. A mini- 
mum acceptable score of 50 on a Subject Examination is required for credit. 
The Oglethorpe Registrar should be contacted concerning which Subject 
Examinations may lead to credit at Oglethorpe. 

CLEP examinations normally are taken before the student matriculates at 
Oglethorpe. Only under special circumstances will credit be awarded for an 
examination taken after the student completes his or her first semester at 
Oglethorpe University. A maximum of three semester hours will be awarded for 
each examination. A maximum of 30 semester hours may be earned with 
acceptable CLEP scores. 

All students are required to take placement examinations in mathematics 
and foreign languages (if they plan to take a course in these areas or subjects) 
and are placed accordingly. 



29 



Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Programs 

The University encourages students who have completed Advanced Placement 
examinations of the College Entrance Examination Board to submit their scores 
prior to enrollment for evaluation for college credit. Please contact the Office 
of Admission or the Registrar's Office for the appropriate course of action to 
be taken in order to receive credit for AP exams. The general policy of Oglethorpe 
toward such scores is the following: Academic credit will be given in the appro- 
priate area to students presenting Advanced Placement grades of 3, 4, or 5; 
neither credit nor exemption will be given for a grade of 2; maximum credit 
allowed to any student for Advanced Placement tests will be 30 semester hours. 
Specific policies are indicated in the chart which follows. These are subject to 
change at any time. 

Students who have studied in an approved International Baccalaureate 
Program (IB) are also encouraged to apply for credit based on scores earned, 
and should contact the Office of Admission or the Registrar's Office to learn 
how to receive credit for IB exams. Scores must be 5, 6, or 7 on the Higher Level 
Exam to be considered for college credit. Sophomore standing may be awarded 
to students who complete the IB diploma and obtain a total of 33 points or 
better for the full program, assuming all examination scores are 4 or better, and 
no Higher Level Exam score is below 5. 

All students are required to take placement examinations in mathematics 
and foreign languages (if they plan to take a course in these areas or subjects) 
and are placed accordingly. 

ADVANCED PLACEMENT and INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE 
CREDIT CHART 

Accepted Examination Grades (unless stated otherwise) 
AP: 3, 4, 5 / IB (Higher Level Exam): 5, 6, 7 



APExam 


Semester 

Hours 
Awarded 


Course Equivalents 


Art 

Studio 
History 


3 
3 


1182 Introduction to Drawing 
€181 Art and Culture 


Biology 


3 


C352 Natural Science: The Biological Sciences 


Chemistry 


3 


C351 Natural Science: The Physical Sciences 


Computer Science' 

Grade 4 or 5 AP 

Grade 3 AP 


6 
3 


2541, 2542 Introduction to Computer 

Programming in Pascal 
2541 Introduction to Computer Science 


Economics 

Microeconomics 

Macroeconomics 


3 
3 


1521 Introduction to Economics 
Elective Credit 



30 



English 

Language & Composition 
Grade 4 or 5 AP, 6 or 7 IB 3 
Grade 3 AP or 5 IB 3 



History 
American 



Physics' 

Physics B 



Elective Credit 

Essay will be evaluated by English faculty. 



Literature & Composition 
Grade 4 or 5 AP, 6 or 7 IB 
Grade 3 AP or 5 IB 


3 
3 


Elective Credit 

Essay will be evaluated by English faculty. 


French 

Language 
Literature 




8 
6 


1170, 1171 Elementary French I & II 
General credit in French 


German 
Language 
Literature 




8 
6 


1100, 1101 Elementary German I & II 
General credit in German 


Government' 




3 


1221 Introduction to American Politics 



2216, 2217 American History to 1865 & Since 
1865 



European 


3 


C212 The West and the Modern World 


Latin 


8 


General credit in Latin 


Mathematics 
Calculus AB 
Calculus BC 


3 
6 


1335 Calculus I 

1335, 1336 Calculus 1 & II 


Music' 

Theory 
Appreciation 


3 
3 


2131 Music Theory 1 
C131 Music and Culture 



1341, 1342 General Physics I & II 



Physics C 


10 
3 


2341, 2342 College Physics I & II 

C351 Natural Science: The Physical Sciences 


Psychology' 


3 


C462 Psychological Inquiry 


Spanish 
Language 
Literature 


8 
6 


1175, 1176 Elementary Spanish I & II 
General credit in Spanish 



'Credit for the IB exam will be determined through discussion with the faculty 
within the appropriate academic field. Any exams not included in this chart 
should be brought to the attention of the Registrar, and credit will be deter- 
mined by the appropriate faculty members. 



31 



Financial 
Assistance 



jO 


III! Hi JBh^^9 





Programs 

Oglethorpe University offers a variety of strategies and resources to lower 
the cost of an Oglethorpe education. Both need-based aid and awards based on 
academic achievement are available. All families are urged to complete the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) regardless of their income levels. 
The University's financial aid professionals will then have the information 
necessary to discuss all options available to parents and students. The Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is the approved needs-analysis form 
by which students may apply for the following need-based programs: Federal 
Pell Grant, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, Federal Perkins 
Loan, Federal Work-Study, Federal Stafford Loan, Student Incentive Grant, and 
the Oglethorpe Need-based Grant. After the family submits the FAFSA to the 
federal processor, the school will receive from the processor an Institutional 
Student Information Record (ISIR). Upon acceptance to the University and receipt 
of the student's ISIR, Oglethorpe's financial aid professionals will prepare a 
comprehensive financial aid package, which may include assistance from any 
one or more of the following sources: 

James Edward Oglethorpe Scholarships provide tuition, room and board 
for four years of undergraduate study, if scholarship criteria continue to be met. 
Recipients are selected on the basis of an academic competition held on campus 
in the spring of each year. Students must be nominated by their secondary schools, 
must have a combined SAT score of at least 1250 (ACT 30), a 3.6 or higher 
cumulative grade-point average, and a superior record of leadership in extracur- 
ricular activities either in school or in the community. Applications must be 
received by mid-December. 

Oglethorpe Scholars Awards (OSA) Scholarships (including Presidential 
Scholarships, Oxford Scholarships, University Scholarships, Alumni Scholarships, 
Lanier Scholarships, and Yamacraw Scholarships) based on achievement are 
available to students with superior academic ability. A fundamental aim of 
Oglethorpe University is to prepare students for leadership roles in society. One 
way of promoting this purpose is to give special recognition to students who 
demonstrate superior academic abilities as undergraduates. Scholarships range 
from $1,850 to $9,000. 

Recipients of funds from this program are expected to maintain specified 
levels of academic achievement and make a significant contribution to the 
Oglethorpe community. Each award is for one year but can be renewed on the 
basis of an annual evaluation of academic and other performance factors by the 
Director of Financial Aid. See Endowed Scholarships and Annual Scholarships 
below for additional honorary designation of these funds. 

Oglethorpe Christian Scholarships are awarded to freshmen who are resi- 
dents of Georgia and who demonstrate active participation in their churches. 
Academic qualifications for consideration include SAT scores of 1100 or higher 
and a senior class rank in the upper 25 percent. Awards range up to $1,500 per 
academic year. Recipients are required to maintain a 3.0 cumulative grade-point 
average and engage in a service project during the academic year. 

Federal Work-Study Program (FWSP) permits a student to earn part of his 
or her educational expenses. The earnings from this program and other finan- 
cial aid cannot exceed the student's financial need. Students eligible for this 
program work part time on the Oglethorpe campus. 

34 



Georgia Tuition Equalization Grant (GTEG) is available for Georgia 
residents who attend full time and seek their degrees at Oglethorpe. The program 
was established by an act of the 1971 Georgia General Assembly. The Georgia 
Student Finance Authority defines the program in this way: "The purpose of 
the Act is to provide tuition assistance to Georgia resident students who are 
desirous of pursuing their higher education goals in a private Georgia college 
or university but find the financial cost prohibitive due primarily to high tuition 
of these educational institutions in comparison to public schools which are 
branches of the University System of Georgia." All students must complete an 
application and verify their eligibility for the grant. In the 1995-96 school year, 
this grant was $1000 per academic year. Financial need is not a factor in deter- 
mining eligibility. A separate application is required. 

HOPE Grants are available for full-time students who are legal residents of 
Georgia. The Georgia General Assembly enacted the Helping Outstanding Pupils 
Educationally (HOPE) in order to assist students attending Georgia institutions 
of higher learning. Students must complete a Georgia Tuition Assistance Grant 
application for consideration. 

HOPE Scholarships of $1,500 per semester are available to 1996 or later 
Georgia high school graduates who have earned a "B" average and wish to enroll 
full-time in a degree program at a Georgia private college or university. For 
more information, contact the HOPE Scholarship Program (770) 414-3085 or 
1-800-546-HOPE, or the Office of Financial Aid at Oglethorpe University. 

HOPE Promise Teacher Scholarships provide forgivable loans to high- 
achieving students who aspire to be teachers in Georgia public schools. Students 
must have a minimum grade point average of 3.6, be academically classified as a 
junior, and be accepted for enrollment into a teacher education program leading 
to initial certification. For more information, contact the HOPE Scholarship 
Program (770) 414-3085 or 1-800-546-HOPE, or the Office of Financial Aid at 
Oglethorpe University. 

HOPE Teacher Scholarships provide forgivable loans to individuals seek- 
ing advanced education degrees in critical shortage fields of study. The student 
must be a legal resident of Georgia and be admitted for regular admission into 
graduate school and into an advanced degree teacher education program lead- 
ing to certification in a critical shortage field. For more information, contact 
the HOPE Scholarship Program (770) 414-3085 or 1-800-546-HOPE, or the Office 
of Financial Aid at Oglethorpe University. 

Student Incentive Grants (SIG), as defined by the Georgia Student Finance 
Authority, is a "program created by an act of the 1974 Georgia General Assem- 
bly, in order to establish a program of need-based scholarships for qualified 
Georgia residents to enable them to attend eligible post-secondary institutions 
of their choice within the state." The scholarship awards are designed to provide 
only a portion of the student's resources in financing the total cost of a college 
education. A student should complete the FAFSA for consideration. 

Federal Pell Grant is a federal aid program intended to be the floor in 
financial assistance. Eligibility is based upon the results from the FAFSA. This 
aid is administered in the form of non-repayable grants. 



35 



Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (FSEOG) are 

awarded to undergraduate students with exceptional financial need. Priority is 
given to Federal Pell Grant recipients and does not require repayment. 

Oglethorpe Need-based Grants are available to full-time day undergraduate 
students who demonstrate financial need by completing the FAFSA. Oglethorpe 
Need-based Grants in conjunction with federal, state, or scholarship assistance 
cannot exceed the student's financial need. 

Federal Perkins Loans are long-term, low-cost educational loans to students 
who have demonstrated need for such assistance. For undergraduate students, 
priority is given to Federal Pell Grant recipients. Interest is charged at a five 
percent annual rate beginning nine months after the borrower ceases to be at 
least a half-time student (a minimum course load of six semester hours). Infor- 
mation regarding repayment terms, deferment and cancellation options are 
available in the Office of Financial Aid. 

Federal Stafford (Subsidized and Unsubsidized) Loans are long-term loans 
available through banks, credit unions, and other lending institutions. Students 
must submit the FAFSA and be attending at least half-time to receive consider- 
ation. A separate loan application is also required. Information regarding 
repayment terms, deferment and cancellation options are available in the Office 
of Financial Aid. 

Federal PLUS Loans are relatively long-term loans available through banks, 
credit unions, and other lending institutions. Parents desiring to seek a loan 
from this program should consult with the Office of Financial Aid for addi- 
tional information. 

The Choral Music Scholarships (Performance) are awarded annually to 
incoming students pursuing any degree offered at Oglethorpe who demonstrate 
exceptional achievement in choral singing or keyboard accompanying. Candi- 
dates must be nominated with a letter of recommendation by the conductor of 
any choral ensemble in which they have participated, then must pass a qualifying 
audition with the Director of Musical Activities. 

The Harold Hirsch Scholarship for Non-Traditional Students is provided 
by the Harold Hirsch Scholarship Fund of Atlanta. The fund provides annual 
scholarship assistance for degree-seeking students in the evening program. Harold 
Hirsch Scholars are to have at least a 3.0 grade-point average and leadership 
ability, as well as financial need. 

The Playmakers Scholarships (Performance) are awarded annually to 
incoming students pursuing any degree offered at Oglethorpe and who have 
exceptional ability in the area of dramatic performance. Candidates should be 
nominated with a letter of recommendation by the director of a dramatic troupe 
in which they have participated and perform an audition for the Director of the 
Theatre Program. Awards are based on ability, not financial need. 

The Lavinia Cloud Pretz Annual Music Scholarship is provided through 
the generosity of James and Sharon Bohart in memory of Mrs. Pretz. Mrs. Pretz 
was a former member of the Oglethorpe President's Advisory Council and the 
Art Gallery Council. The scholarship is to be awarded to an outstanding student 
in the music program. 

Note: Dual-degree students in art and engineering may not use Oglethorpe 
assistance to attend other institutions. 



36 



Academic Policies Governing Student Financial Aid 

Applicants for federal aid, state grants, or institutional need-based programs 
must be making satisfactory progress toward the completion of their degree 
requirements and be in good academic standing with the University in order to 
receive financial aid consideration. Students must meet at least the following 
requirements: 

1. Satisfactory Completion Ratio — Students must satisfactorily complete 
at least 80 percent of the cumulative course work attempted at Oglethorpe 
University. Unsatisfactory grades which count against the student's 
progress are: 

D - If a "C" or better is required for the major 

F - Failure 

FA - Failure by Absence 

W - Withdrew 

WF - Withdrew Failing 

I - Incomplete 

U - Unsatisfactory 

AU - Audit 

2. Repeated Courses — Courses that are being repeated will not be 
considered when determining financial aid eligibility unless a grade of 
at least a "C" is required to fulfill the degree requirements. The student 
must notify the Office of Financial Aid if a course is being repeated. 

3. Good Academic Standing and Maximum Time Frames — Students must 
remain in good academic standing by achieving the minimum cumula- 
tive grade-point average and by completing their degree requirements 
within the maximum time frames listed below: 



ber of Hours 


Minimum Cumulative 


Maximum Years to 


Earned 


Grade-Point Average 


Complete Program * 


0-24 


1.50 




1 


25-35 


1.50 




2 


36-48 


1.75 




2 


49-65 


1.75 




3 


66-72 


2.00 




3 


73-96 


2.00 




4 


97-120 


2.00 




5 


121-144 


2.00 




5 



Students who earn over 144 hours will not be eligible for financial aid 
unless approved through the appeal process. 

Academic Standing Consistent with Graduation Requirements - 
Students who have earned over 65 semester hours must maintain at least 
a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average in order to be academically consistent 
with Oglethorpe University's graduation requirements. 



* Based upon full-time enrollment. The maximum time frame for students 
enrolled part time will be pro-rated. 

37 



5. Annual Review — The satisfactory progress requirements will be reviewed 
at the completion of each spring semester. If the student is not meeting 
these requirements, written notification will be sent to the student plac- 
ing them on "Financial Aid Probation" for the fall semester. The student 
may continue to receive aid during this probationary period but will be 
encouraged to enroll in summer session courses at Oglethorpe University 
in order to make up the deficiency. Any student who is not in compliance 
with the requirements by the end of the fall probationary period will not 
be eligible for financial aid for the spring or subsequent sessions until 
the requirements are met or a written appeal is submitted and approved. 

6. Appeal Process — If significant mitigating circumstances have hindered 
a student's academic performance and the student is unable to make up 
the deficiencies by the end of the financial aid probationary period, the 
student may present those circumstances in a written appeal to the Ad- 
mission and Financial Aid Committee. Documentation to support the 
appeal, such as medical statements, should also be presented. The ap- 
peal should be submitted to the Office of Financial Aid by the first of 
the month in order to receive consideration at the month's committee 
meeting. The student will be notified in writing if the appeal has been 
approved or denied. 



Application Procedure 



Students applying for the Georgia Tuition Equalization Grant and HOPE 
Grant programs must submit a Georgia Tuition Assistance Grant Application 
which may be obtained from a high school counselor or the Office of Financial 
Aid. 

Students applying for an Oglethorpe Scholars Award (OS A) or an Oglethorpe 
Christian Scholarship must complete the appropriate scholarship application 
which may be obtained from the Admission Office or the Office of Financial 
Aid. 

The application procedures for the Federal Pell Grant, Federal Supplemental 
Educational Opportunity Grant, Federal Perkins Loan, Oglethorpe Need-based 
Grant, Federal Stafford Loan, Federal Work-Study Program, and Student Incentive 
Grant are as follows: 

1. Apply and be admitted as a regular degree-seeking student. 

2. Complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) after 
January 1, but no later than May 1. Families should make a copy of the 
FAFSA before mailing it to the federal processor and submit the copy to 
Oglethorpe's Office of Financial Aid for an early estimate of financial 
aid eligibility. Oglethorpe's Title IV Code is 001586. 

3. Once the FAFSA has been received by the federal processor, an Institu- 
tional Student Information Record (ISIR) will be sent to the Office of 
Financial Aid. 

4. Keep copies of all federal income tax returns, etc. as these documents 
may be required in order to verify the information provided on the FAFSA. 

5. Complete Oglethorpe's Financial Aid Application which is available from 
the Office of Financial Aid. 



38 



6. Transfer students must submit a Financial Aid Transcript from each 
college, university, vocational-technical school, etc. attended, regardless 
of whether or not financial aid was received from that school. 

7. New students who wish to be considered for the Federal Work-Study 
Program must complete the Student Employment Application form in 
the Office of Financial Aid. 

8. If eligible for a Federal Stafford Loan or Federal PLUS Loan, a promis- 
sory note must be completed. Contact the Office of Financial Aid for 
more information. 

Federal Aid Eligibility Requirements 

L Demonstrate financial need (exception: Federal Unsubsidized Stafford 
Loan and Federal PLUS Loan programs). 

2. Have a high school diploma or a General Education Development (GED) 
certificate or pass an independently administered test approved by the 
U.S. Department of Education. 

3. Be enrolled as a regular degree-seeking student in an eligible program 
(exception: Teacher Certification students). 

4. Be a U.S. citizen or eligible noncitizen. 

5. Generally, have a social security number. 

6. Register with Selective Service, if required. 

7. Must not owe a refund on any grant or loan; not be in default on any loan 
or have made satisfactory arrangements to repay any defaulted loan; and 
not have borrowed in excess of the loan limits, under Title IV programs, 
at any institution. 

8. Make satisfactory academic progress. Refer to the Academic Policies Gov- 
erning Student Financial Aid. 

9. May not be a member of a religious community, society, or order who by 
direction of his or her community, society or order is pursuing a course 
of study at Oglethorpe, and who receives support and maintenance from 
his or her community, society, or order. 



Payment of Awards 



All awards, except Federal Work-Study earnings, and some Federal Stafford 
Loans, and Federal PLUS Loans, are disbursed to students by means of a direct 
credit to their account. Each semester credit of awards is dependent upon final 
approval of the Director of Financial Aid. Only when a student's file is complete 
can aid be credited to the account. 



Renewal of Awards 



Renewal applications for all programs are available from the Office of 
Financial Aid. Students must meet the eligibility requirements indicated above 
and file the appropriate applications for each program. The preferred deadline 
for receipt of a completed financial aid file is May 1. Applicants whose files 
become complete after this time will be considered based upon availability of 
funds. 



39 



For renewal of the Oglethorpe Scholars Award, at the end of the fall semester, 
freshmen must have at least a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average; sophomores, 
a 2.3 average; juniors and seniors, a 2.6 average. A 3.2 or higher grade-point 
average is required for renewal of a scholarship which covers tuition, room, and 
board. 

Students who fail to meet the cumulative grade-point average requirement 
may attend Oglethorpe's summer school program in order to make up deficien- 
cies. Courses taken elsewhere will not affect the cumulative grade-point average 
at Oglethorpe. 

Students who fail to meet the published criteria for reasons beyond their 
control may submit a written appeal to the Admission and Financial Aid 
Committee. If the student does not submit an appeal or if it is denied, the 
student in good academic standing will be eligible for a grant which will equal 75 
percent of his or her original scholarship award. The student must enroll as a 
full-time day student in order to receive the grant. Once the student again has 
met the Oglethorpe Scholars Award criteria, the full value of the OSA award 
will be reinstated for the next term in attendance as a full-time day student. 

In addition to the cumulative grade-point average requirement, students 
must earn at least 24 semester hours during the current academic year. Students 
who are deficient in the number of hours required may attend summer school at 
any institution, pending approval from their academic adviser and Oglethorpe's 
Registrar. Students also have the option of submitting a written appeal to the 
Admission and Financial Aid Committee. 

Award notifications will be mailed to students during the month of March. 



Endowed Scholarships 



Oglethorpe Scholars may receive special recognition of their outstanding 
achievement by being named endowed or annual scholars. Selection of the hon- 
orary designation is based upon the criteria outlined below: 

The Marshall A. and Mary Bishop Asher Endowed Scholar: Funding was 
established by the Asher family in 1988. Both Mr. and Mrs. Asher are alumni 
(classes of 1941 and 1943 respectively) and both served for many years as Trustees 
of the University. The scholarship is awarded to a superior student in science. 

The Earl Blackwell Endowed Scholar: Funding was established by Earl 
Blackwell, distinguished publisher, playwright, author, and founder of Celebrity 
Services, Inc., headquartered in New York. The scholarship is awarded to 
deserving students with special interest in English, journalism, or the perform- 
ing arts. Mr. Blackwell was a 1929 graduate of the University. 

The Miriam H. and John A. Conant Endowed Scholar: Funding was estab- 
lished by Mr. and Mrs. John A. Conant. The Conants are long-time benefactors 
of Oglethorpe, and Mrs. Conant serves as a Trustee of the University. Scholar- 
ships are awarded annually to superior students with leadership ability. 

The Estelle Anderson Crouch Endowed Scholar: This funding is the first 
of three scholarships given by Mr. John W. Crouch, class of 1929, and a Trustee 
Emeritus of the University. This scholarship was established in memory of Mrs. 
Estelle Anderson Crouch, t he mother of John Thomas Crouch, class of 1965. 
Mrs. Crouch died in 1960. It is awarded annually without regard to financial 
need to students who have demonstrated high academic standards. 



40 



The Katherine Shepard Crouch Endowed Scholar: Funding is given in 
memory of Mrs. Katherine Shepard Crouch by Mr. John W. Crouch and is awarded 
annually based upon academic achievement. 

The Cammie Lee Stow Kendrick Crouch Endowed Scholar: This funding 
is the third scholarship endowed by Mr. Crouch and is awarded annually based 
upon academic achievement in honor of Mrs. Cammie Lee Stow Kendrick Crouch. 
Mr. and Mrs. Crouch were classmates at Oglethorpe and graduates in the class 
of 1929. 

The Karen S. Dillingham Memorial Endowed Scholar: Funding was estab- 
lished by Mr. and Mrs. Paul L. Dillingham in loving memory of their daughter. 
Mr. Dillingham is a former Trustee and later served for several years as a senior 
administrator of the University. The scholarship is to be awarded each year to an 
able and deserving student. 

The R. E. Dorough Endowed Scholar: Funding was established by a gift 
from Mr. Dorough's estate. Scholarships from this fund cire awarded to able and 
deserving students based on the criteria outlined in his will. Mr. Dorough was a 
former Trustee of the University. 

The William A. Egerton Memorial Endowed Scholar: Funding was estab- 
lished in 1988. Professor Egerton was a well-liked and highly respected member 
of the Oglethorpe faculty from 1956 to 1978 and influenced the lives of many 
students. Alumni Franklin L. Burke '66, Robert B. Currey '66, and Gary C. Harden 
'69, donated the initial funds and were especially helpful in encouraging other 
alumni and friends to assist in establishing this endowed scholarship fund in 
memory of Professor Egerton. The scholarship is awarded to a student with a 
strong academic record and demonstrated leadership skills who is majoring in 
business administration. 

The Henry R. "Hank" Frieman Endowed Scholar: Funding was established 
by Mr. Frieman, class of 1936. An outstanding athlete during his college days at 
Oglethorpe, Mr. Frieman spent a career in coaching. He is a member of the 
Oglethorpe Athletic Hall of Fame. This scholarship is awarded annually based 
on academic achievement, leadership qualities, demonstrated need, and a special 
interest in sports. 

The Charles A. Frueauff Endowed Scholar: Funding was established by 
grants from the Charles A. Frueauff Foundation of Tallahassee, Florida. 
Scholarship preference is given to able and deserving students from middle- 
income families who do not qualify for governmental assistance. The criteria for 
selection also include academic ability and leadership potential. 

The Lu Thomasson Garrett Endowed Scholar: Funding was established in 
honor of Lu Thomasson Garrett, class of 1952, and a Trustee Emerita of the 
University. Preference for awarding scholarships from this fund is given to stu- 
dents who meet the criteria for an Oglethorpe Scholars Award and are majoring 
in education or business administration. 

The Walter F. Gordy Memorial Endowed Scholar: Funding was established 
in 1994 with a bequest from the Estate of William L. Gordy, class of 1925. Walter 
Gordy was also an alumnus of Oglethorpe University, class of 1924. The scholar- 
ship fund was increased in 1995 with a bequest from the Estate of Mrs. William 
L. (Helene) Gordy. Scholarships from this fund are awarded at the discretion of 
the University. 



41 



The Bert L. and Emory B. Hammack Memorial Scholar: This funding is 
one of three scholarships estabUshed by gifts from their brother, Mr. Francis R. 
Hammack, class of 1927. This scholarship, established in 1984, is awarded annu- 
ally to a senior class student majoring in science or mathematics, who is a native 
of Georgia and had the highest academic grade-point average of all such stu- 
dents who attended Oglethorpe University in their previous undergraduate years. 

The Francis R. Hammack Scholar: Established in his own name in 1990, 
this funding is the second endowed financial assistance program by Mr. Hammack, 
class of 1927. It is to be awarded annually to a needy but worthy student who is 
a native of Georgia, a junior class member majoring in English, and who has 
attended Oglethorpe University in his or her previous undergraduate years. 

The Leslie U. and Ola Ryle Hammack Memorial Scholar: Funding of this 
third gift was established in 1985 in memory of his parents by Francis R. 
Hammack, class of 1927. It is awarded annually to a junior class student, working 
toward the Bachelor of Business Administration degree, who is a native of Georgia 
and who had the highest academic grade-point average of all such students who 
attended Oglethorpe University in their previous undergraduate years. 

The Ira Jarrell Endowed Scholar: Funding was established in 1975 to honor 
the late Dr. Jarrell, former Superintendent of Atlanta Schools and an Oglethorpe 
graduate. It is awarded annually in the fall to a new student who is a graduate of 
an Atlanta public high school and who is studying in the field of teacher educa- 
tion. Should there be no eligible applicant, the award may be made to an Atlanta 
high school graduate in any field, or the University may award the scholarship 
to any worthy high school graduate requiring assistance while working in the 
field of teacher education. 

The Lowry Memorial Scholar: Funding is awarded annually to full-time 
students who have maintained a 3.3 grade-point average. 

The Vera A. Milner Endowed Scholar: Funding was established by Belle 
Turner Cross, class of 1961 and a Trustee of Oglethorpe, and her sisters, Virginia 
T. Rezetko and Vera T. Wells, in memory of their aunt, Vera A. Milner. The 
scholarship is awarded annually to a full-time student planning to study at Ogletho- 
rpe for the degree of Master of Arts in Early Childhood Education. Eligibility 
may begin in the undergraduate junior year at Oglethorpe. Qualifications include 
a grade-point average of at least 3.25, a Scholastic Assessment Test or Graduate 
Record Examination score of 1100, and a commitment to teaching. 

The National Alumni Association Endowed Scholar: Funding was estab- 
lished in 1971 by the Association's Board of Directors. The scholarship is awarded 
annually to an Oglethorpe student based upon financial need, scholarship, and 
qualities of leadership. 

The Oglethorpe Christian Endowed Scholar: Funding was established by a 
grant from an Atlanta foundation which wishes to remain anonymous. The fund 
also has received grants from the Akers Foundation, Inc., of Gastonia, North 
Carolina; the Clark and Ruby Baker Foundation of Atlanta; and the Mary and E. 
R Rogers Foundation of Atlanta. Recipients must be legal residents of Georgia 
and have graduated from Georgia high schools. High school applicants must 
rank in the top quarter of their high school classes and have Scholastic Assessment 
Test scores of 1100 or more; upperclassmen must have a grade-point average of 
3.0. Applicants must submit a statement from a local minister attesting to their 
religious commitment, active involvement in local church. Christian character, 
and promise of Christian leadership and service. Applicants will be interviewed 
by the Oglethorpe Christian Scholarship Committee. 

42 



The Oglethorpe Memorial Endowed Scholar: Funding was established in 
1994 by combining several existing scholarship funds which had been created 
over the previous two decades. Combining these funds leads to efficiencies which 
will increase the funds available for student support. Additionally, this new fund 
will allow persons to establish memorials with amounts smaller than would 
otherwise be possible. The following are honored in the Oglethorpe Memorial 
Endowed Scholarship Fund: 

Ivan Allen Anna Rebecca Harwell Hill and 
Allen A. and Mamie B. Chappell Frances Grace Harwell 

Dondi Cobb George A. Holloway, Sr. 

Michael A. Corvasce EUiece Johnson 

Ernst & Young Ray M. and Mary Elizabeth Lee 

Georgia Power Company Virgil W. and Virginia C. Milton 

Lenora and Alfred Glancy Keiichi Nishimura 

PDM Harris Timothy P. Tassopoulos 

William Randolph Hearst L. W. "Lefty" and Francis E. Willis 

Vivian P. and Murray D. Wood 

The Manning M. Pattillo, Jr. Endowed Scholar: Funding was established in 
1988 by the Oglethorpe National Alumni Association from gifts received from 
many alumni and friends. Dr. Pattillo was Oglethorpe's 13th President, serving 
from 1975 until his retirement in 1988. In recognition of his exemplary leader- 
ship in building an academically strong student body and a gifted faculty, the 
scholarship is awarded to an academically superior student with demonstrated 
leadership skills. 

The E. Rivers and Una Rivers Endowed Scholar: Funding was established 
by the late Mrs. Una S. Rivers to provide for deserving students who qualify for 
the Oglethorpe Scholars Award. 

The J. Mack Robinson Endowed Scholar: Funding was established by Atlanta 
businessman J. Mack Robinson. It is awarded to a deserving student who meets 
the general qualifications of the Oglethorpe Scholars Award. Preference is given 
to students majoring in business administration. 

The Steve and Jeanne Schmidt Endowed Scholar: Funding is awarded 
annually to an outstanding student based upon high academic achievement and 
leadership in student affairs. This endowed award is made possible through the 
generosity of Mr. and Mrs. Schmidt. Mr. Schmidt, class of 1940, is a former 
Chairman of the Board of Trustees. Mrs. Schmidt is a graduate of the class of 
1942. 

The Dr. Heyl G. and Ruth D. Tebo Endowed Scholar: Funding was estab- 
lished by Dr. and Mrs. Tebo in 1994 to award annually to Georgia residents 
majoring in chemistry, biology or other sciences. Preference is given to students 
who plan to do graduate study in medicine, dentistry or other specialties in the 
health sciences field. Dr. Tebo is an alumnus of Oglethorpe, class of 1937. 

The Charles L. and Jean Towers Scholar: Funding is awarded each year to 
a superior student who has demonstrated an interest as well as talent in choral 
music. The scholarship was established in 1985 in recognition of many years of 
valuable service to the University by Mr. Towers, a former Chairman of the 
Board of Trustees and Assistant to the President. 



43 



The J. M. Tull Scholar: Funding was established by a gift from the J. M. 
Tull Foundation in 1984. Scholarships are awarded annually to superior students 
with leadership ability as well as financial need. 

The United Technologies Corporation Endowed Scholar: Funding was 
established by a grant from the United Technologies Corporation, Hartford, 
Connecticut. The fund provides scholarship support for able and deserving stu- 
dents who are majoring in science or pursuing a pre-engineering program. United 
Technologies Scholars are to have at least a 3.2 grade-point average and leader- 
ship ability as well as financial need. 

The Charles Longstreet Weltner Memorial Endowed Scholar: Funding was 
established in 1993 by former United States Senator Wyche Fowler, Jr., his long- 
time friend and colleague. An alumnus of the class of 1948 and Trustee of 
Oglethorpe University, Charles Weltner was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Georgia at the time of his death in 1993. He was the recipient of the "Profile 
in Courage" award in 1991. He was a tireless advocate for equal rights for 
minorities and while serving in the United States House of Representatives was 
the only congressman from the deep South to vote for the Civil Rights Act of 
1964. Weltner Scholarships are awarded annually to selected Oglethorpe Univer- 
sity students who are residents of the State of Georgia, with financial need, 
satisfactory academic records, and to the extent allowed by law, of African- 
American descent. At the donor's request, the amount of the scholarship award 
to any recipient is to be no more than one-half of full tuition in order to encour- 
age student recipients to work to provide required additional funds. 

The David, Helen, and Marian Woodward Endowed Scholar: Funding was 
established by grants from the David, Helen, and Marian Woodward Fund of 
Atlanta. It provides assistance to students who meet the criteria for an Oglethorpe 
Scholars Award. The award is based upon superior academic achievement, lead- 
ership potential, and financial need. 



Annual Scholarships 



The Chevron Freshman Scholar: Funding is provided annually by a gift 
from Chevron U.S.A., Inc. and is awarded to a freshman who is a resident of 
Georgia, with interest in mathematics or the sciences and demonstrated leader- 
ship abilities. 

First Families of Georgia (1733 to 1797) Annual Scholar: Funding is awarded 
to a senior who is academically a superior student majoring in history. First 
Families of Georgia is a society whose members are able to document their 
descent from early settlers of the State of Georgia. 

The Wilson P. Franklin Annual Scholar: Funding is awarded to a deserv- 
ing student. Mr. Franklin, class of 1939, established this scholarship with a gift 
in 1995. 

The Mack A. Rikard Annual Scholar: Funds were established in 1990 by 
Mr. Mack A. Rikard, class of 1937 and a Trustee Emeritus of the University, and 
are awarded to able and deserving students who meet certain criteria. The crite- 
ria are flexible, with consideration being given to a number of factors, including 
without limitation academic achievement, leadership skills, potential for suc- 
cess, evidence of propensity for hard work, and a conscientious application of 
abilities. Recipients must be individuals born in the United States of America 
and are encouraged, at such time in their business or professional careers when 



financial circumstances permit, to provide from their own funds one or more 
additional scholarships to worthy Oglethorpe students. 

The Lettie Pate Whitehead Foundation Scholar: Grants have been made 
annually for a number of years to Christian women from the Southeastern states 
who are deserving and in need of financial assistance. 

Student Emergency Loan Funds 

The Olivia Luck King Student Loan Fund provides short-term loans to 
enrolled students from Georgia. The fund was established in memory of Mrs. 
King by her husband, Mr. C. H. King of Marietta, Georgia. Mrs. King was a 
member of the class of 1942, and Mr. King received his master's degree from 
Oglethorpe in 1936. 

The David N. and Lutie P. Landers Revolving Loan Fund provides short- 
term loans for needy and deserving students. The fund was established by a 
bequest from the estates of Mr. and Mrs. Landers of Atlanta. 

The Steve Najjar Student Loan Fund provides short-term loans and finan- 
cial assistance to deserving Oglethorpe students. The fund was established in 
memory of Mr. Najjar, who, with his aunt "Miss Sadie" Mansour, operated the 
Five Paces Inn, a family business in the Buckhead section of Atlanta. The Five 
Paces Inn was a popular establishment for Oglethorpe students for many years. 
A number of Oglethorpe alumni, especially students in the late 50s and early 
60s, established this fund in Mr. Najjar's memory. 



45 



Tuition and Costs 




Fees and Costs 



The fees, costs, and dates listed below are for 1996-97. Financial informa- 
tion for 1997-98 will be available in early 1997. 

The tuition charged by Oglethorpe University represents only 60 percent of 
the actual expense of educating each student, the balance coming from endow- 
ment income, gifts, and other sources. Thus, every Oglethorpe undergraduate 
is the beneficiary of a hidden scholarship. At the same time 90 percent of the 
students are awarded additional financial assistance in the form of scholarships, 
grants, and loans from private, governmental, or institutional sources. 

The tuition is $7,535 per semester. Room and board is $2,395 per semester. 
Students who desire single rooms are assessed $3,030 for room and board. 

The tuition of $7,535 is applicable to all students taking 12-16 semester 
hours. These are classified as full-time students. Students talking less than 12 
semester hours are referred to the section on Part-Time Fees. Students taking 
more than 16 hours during a semester are charged $225 for each additional 
hour. Payment of tuition and fees is due two weeks prior to registration each 
semester. Failure to make the necessary payments will result in the cancellation 
of the student's registration. Students receiving financial aid are required to pay 
the difference between the amount of their aid and the amount due by the 
deadline. Students and parents desiring information about various payment 
options should request the pamphlet "Payment Plans." New students who require 
on-campus housing for the fall semester are required to submit an advance deposit 
of $200. New commuting students are required to submit an advance deposit of 
$100. Such deposits are not refundable. However, the deposit is credited to the 
student's account for the fall semester. 

Upon payment of the room and board fees, each student is covered by a 
Health and Accident policy. Coverage begins on the day of registration. Full- 
time students residing off campus may purchase this insurance for $107 per 
year. International students, students participating in any intercollegiate sport, 
and students participating in intramural football or basketball are required to 
have this medical coverage or its equivalent. (Insurance rates are subject to 
change.) 

In addition to tuition and room and board charges, students may be re- 
quired to subscribe to the following: 

1. DAMAGE DEPOSIT: A $100 damage deposit is required of all resident 
students. The damage deposit is refundable at the end of the academic 
year after any charge for damages is deducted. Room keys and other 
University property must be returned and the required checkout proce- 
dure completed prior to issuance of damage deposit refunds. This de- 
posit is payable at fall registration. Students who begin in the spring 
semester also must pay the $100 damage deposit. 

2. GRADUATING SENIOR: Graduation fee of $75. 

3. LABORATORY FEE: A $65 fee is assessed for each laboratory course 
taken. 



48 



Full-Time Fees - 1996-97 



Full-time on-campus student: 

Fall, 1996 Spring, 1997 

Tuition $7,535 Tuition $7,535 

Room & Board 2,215-2,395 Room & Board 2,215-2,395 

Damage Deposit 100 Damage Deposit - 

Activity Fee 50 Activity Fee 50 

Advance Deposit - 200 

Full-time commuting student: 

Fall, 1996 Tuition $7,535 Spring, 1997 Tuition $7,535 

Activity Fee 50 Activity Fee 50 

Advance Deposit - 100 

These schedules do not include the extra cost of single rooms, books and 
supplies (approximately $500 per year), or travel and personal expense. All fees 
are subject to change. Please inquire with the Business Office for a complete Fee 
Schedule and for 1997-98 fees. 



Part-Time Fees - 1996-97 



Students enrolled part-time in day classes during the fall or spring semesters 
will be charged $1,890 per three semester hour course. This rate is applicable to 
those students taking 11 semester hours or less. Students taking 12 to 16 hours 
are classified full-time. Please inquire with the Business Office for a complete 
Fee Schedule. 

University College Fees - 1996-97 

Students enrolled in University College during the fall or spring semesters 
will be charged $780 per three semester hour course. Please inquire with the 
Business Office for a complete Fee Schedule. 



Withdrawal, Drop/ Add 



Students who find it necessary to change their enrollment by dropping or 
adding courses must do so by obtaining a Drop/ Add form from the Registrar's 
Office. This form must be completed and returned to the Registrar's Office 
during the Drop/ Add week. 

After the Drop/ Add period, the professor must approve the change in sched- 
ule. The professor may issue one of the following grades: Withdrew Passing 
(W), Withdrew Failing (WF), or may refuse to approve the withdrawal. In order 
to receive a refund, the student must officially drop the class by the end of the 
20th class day. 

Students should note that any change of academic schedule must be cleared 
by the Registrar's Office. The date the change is received in the Registrar's 
Office will be the official date for the change. 



49 



If a student misses six consecutive classes in any course, the instructor will 
notify the Registrar's Office and it will be assumed that the student has 
unofficially withdrawn from the course. This does not eliminate the responsibility 
stated above concerning the official vsithdrawal policy. The student may receive 
the grade of withdrew passing, withdrew failing, or failure due to excessive 
absences. This policy has direct implications for students receiving benefits from 
the Veterans Administration and other federal agencies as these agencies must 
be notified when a student misses six consecutive classes. This will result in an 
automatic decrease in payments to the student. Reinstatement in a course is at 
the discretion of the instructor. 

If a student must withdraw from the University, an official withdrawal form 
must be obtained from the Registrar. The Director of Financial Aid must sign 
the withdrawal form. The date the completed withdrawal form is submitted to 
the Registrar will be the official date for withdrawal. 



Institutional Refund Policy 



The establishment of a refund policy is based on the University's commit- 
ment to a fair and equitable refund of tuition and other charges assessed. While 
the University advances this policy, it should not be interpreted as a policy of 
convenience for students to take lightly their responsibility and their commit- 
ment to the University. The University has demonstrated a commitment by 
admitting and providing the necessary programs for all students and expects 
students to reciprocate that commitment. 

If a student is in need of withdrawing from a course or from the University, 
an official withdrawal form must be obtained from the Registrar's Office and 
correct procedures followed. The date which will be used for calculation of a 
refund for withdrawal or Drop/ Add will be the date on which the Registrar 
receives the official form signed by all required personnel. All students must 
follow the procedures for withdrawal and Drop/ Add in order to receive a refund. 
Students are reminded that all changes in their academic programs must be 
cleared through the Registrjir, and arrangement with a professor will not be 
recognized as an official change of schedule. 

Since the premium for insurance coverage is not retained by the University, 
it will not be refunded after registration day. Since room and board services are 
consumed on a daily basis, during the period when tuition is to be refunded on 
a 100 percent basis, the room and board refund will be pro rata on a daiily basis. 
After the 100 percent tuition refund period, room and board refunds revert to 
the same schedule as tuition refunds. All other fees except the advanced deposit 
are subject to the following refund schedule: 

Withdrawal/Changes in schedule by the end of the 7th class day 100% 

Withdrawal/Changes in schedule by the end of the 10th class day 75% 

Withdrawal/Changes in schedule by the end of the 16th class day 50% 

Withdrawal/Changes in schedule by the end of the 20th class day 25% 

"Class day" means any day during which the University conducts classes. 



50 



Federal Aid Refund Policies 



First-Time Student on Federal Aid: For a first-time student at Oglethorpe who 
has received federal student financial assistance and completely withdraws from, 
school before the 60 percent point in the semester, a statutory Prorata Refund 
calculation will be performed. The refund is calculated as follows: 
Number of Weeks Remaining in the Semester 
Total number of Weeks in the Semester x 100 = Percent of Time 

Remaining in Term (rounded 

down to nearest 10 percent, 

but not lower than 10 percent) 

The refund is equivalent to: Institutional Charges (includes amounts assessed 

for tuition, fees, room and board, charged books and supplies, and other charges 

such as equipment) x Percent of Time remaining in the semester. The refund 

amount is reduced by unpaid charges. 

All Other Federal Aid Students: The Federal Refund Policy mandates the per- 
centage of institutional charges that must be refunded to the federal aid pro- 
grams if a student (other than a first-time student) completely withdraws from 
the University. The Federal Refund Policy is as follows: 

Withdrawal up to one week before or on the first day of class 100% 

Withdrawal from after the first day of class through the first 

10% of the enrollment period 90% 

Withdrawal from after the first 10% of the enrollment period 

through the first 25% of the enrollment period 50% 

Withdrawal from after the first 25% of the enrollment period 

through the first 50% of the enrollment period 25% 

If the Federal Refund Policy calculation is performed, the results are 
compared to Oglethorpe University's Institutional Refund policy. The largest 
refund calculated will be used to return funds to the federal aid programs. 

Whether the refund is generated by the Prorata Refund Policy, the Federal 
Refund Policy or the Institutional Refund Policy, student financial aid refunds 
must be distributed in the following order by federal regulation: 

1. Federal Family Education Loan Program 

2. Federal Direct Loan Program 

3. Federal Perkins Loan Program 

4. Federal Pell Grant Program 

5. Federal SEOG Program 

6. Other federal aid programs 

7. State Aid programs 

8. Institutional Aid programs 

9. Student 

A student may be responsible for a "repayment" if the student who with- 
draws from all classes had received a cash disbursement of financial assistance 
to be used for living expenses. If it is determined that the cash disbursement is 
greater than the living expenses incurred during the time enrolled, the excess 
amount must be repaid by the student to the federal aid programs. 

All tuition refund requests will be processed each semester at the conclu- 
sion of the fourth week of classes. Payment will take a minimum of two weeks, 
but will be no longer than 40 days. Damage deposit refunds will be processed 
once a year at the end of the spring semester. 



51 



Financial Obligations 



A student who has not met all financial obligations to the University will 
not be allowed to register for courses in subsequent academic sessions; he or she 
will not be allowed to receive a degree from the University; and requests for 
transcripts will not be honored. 



52 



Commiinity 
Life 




Leadership Development 



Oglethorpe University seeks to prepare its students for roles of leadership 
in society. Specific educational experiences are planned to help the student 
acquire the skills of leadership. 

Education for leadership must be based on the essential academic compe- 
tencies — reading, writing, speaking, and reasoning. Though widely neglected 
today at all levels of education, these are the prerequisites for effective leader- 
ship. They are the marks of an educated person. Oglethorpe insists that its 
students achieve advanced proficiency in these skills. In addition, students are 
offered specific preparation in the arts of leadership. Such arts include an ap- 
preciation of constructive values, the setting of goals, public speaking, human 
relations, and organizational skills. 

This philosophy presents an excellent opportunity for the able young person 
who is striving for a significant life, including leadership in the improvement of 
community and society. 



Orientation 



Oglethorpe University wishes to provide each student with the opportunity 
to make a successful adjustment to college life. Because the University commu- 
nity takes pride in its tradition of close personal relationships, an orientation 
program has been organized to foster the development of these relationships 
and provide much needed information about the University. 

The program has been developed to assist students through small group 
experiences. Information is disseminated which acquaints the student with the 
academic program and the extracurricular life of the campus community. 
Thorough understanding of the advising system, the registration process, library 
use, class offerings, and study demands is sought. Alternatives for self expres- 
sion outside the classroom also are presented to the new student. 

To supplement the student's orientation experience, the course Fresh Focus 
is required during the student's first semester. For a description of Fresh Focus, 
please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this Bulletin. 

Student Rights and Responsibilities 

Students of Oglethorpe University have specific rights and responsibilities. 
Among the rights are the right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, 
the right to the presumption of innocence and procedural fairness in the 
administration of discipline, and the right of access to personal records. 

As members of the Oglethorpe community, students have the responsibil- 
ity to maintain high standards of conduct. They should respect the privacy and 
feelings of others and the property of both students and the University. Stu- 
dents are expected to display behavior which is not disruptive of campus life or 
the surrounding community. They represent the University off campus and are 
expected to act in a law-abiding and mature fashion. Those whose actions show 
that they have not accepted this responsibility may be subject to disciplinary 
action as set forth in the University's student handbook. The O Book. 



54 



Policy on Discriminatory and Sexual Harassment 

Oglethorpe University places a high value on the dignity of the individual, 
on the tolerance of, and an appreciation for, human diversity, and on an appro- 
priate decorum for members of the campus community. Harassing behavior 
can interfere seriously with the work or study performance of the individual to 
whom it is addressed. It is indefensible when it makes the work, study, or living 
environment hostile, intimidating, injurious, or demeaning. 

It is the policy of the University that students and employees be able to 
work, study, participate in activities, and live in a campus community free of 
unwarranted harassment in the form of oral, written, graphic, or physical con- 
duct which personally frightens, intimidates, injures, or demeans another indi- 
vidual. Discriminatory harassment directed against an individual or group that 
is based on race, gender, religious belief, color, sexual orientation, national origin, 
handicap, or age is prohibited. Discriminatory harassment is defined as speech, 
depictions, or conduct which: (1) is addressed directly to, or made in the pres- 
ence of, the individual or individuals whom it insults or stigmatizes; and, (2) the 
speaker knows, or reasonably should know, would constitute "fighting words." 
"Fighting words" are words, pictures, or other symbols that are commonly 
understood to convey direct and visceral hatred or contempt for other human 
beings; they are commonly understood to elicit or precede violence. 

In addition, sexual harassment of a student by another student, of a student 
by an employee, of an employee by a student, or of an employee by another 
employee will not be tolerated and is prohibited. Any unwelcome sexual advance, 
requests for sexual favors, verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, or any 
verbal conduct that might be construed as a sexual slur that: (1) interferes with 
performance or creates a hostile, offensive, or intimidating environment and/ 
or (2) is an expressed or implied condition imposed by a faculty member for 
evaluation or grading a student, or by an employee for evaluatingjob performance 
or advancement of a subordinate or colleague, will be viewed as misconduct. 

Complaints alleging misconduct as defined in this policy on discriminatory 
and sexual harassment should be reported to the Vice President for Student 
Affairs/Dean of Community Life (Mr. Donald R. Moore, Emerson Student Center, 
telephone 364-8335), the Provost (Dr. Anthony Caprio, Lupton Hall, telephone 
364-8317), the Associate Dean for Administration (Mrs. Linda W. Bucki, Lupton 
Hall, telephone 364-8325), or the Psychologist (Dr. Betsy Ryland, Faith Hall, 
telephone 364-8413). In determining whether an act constitutes harassment, a 
careful review must be made of the totality of the circumstances that pertain to 
any given incident. Among the factors which will be considered are: intent of the 
behavior (words or actions with the intent to injure are prohibited, but words or 
actions as part of an exchange of ideas, ideology, or philosophy will be pro- 
tected); location of the behavior (different concerns exist with respect to spaces 
used for public forums, classrooms, or other settings); the degree to which the 
behavior when judged by the "reasonable person" standard would be considered 
to be hostile, intimidating, injurious, or demeaning; and any repetition or pat- 
tern of objectionable behavior. Complaints will be carefully investigated and, 
when appropriate, efforts will be made to resolve conflicts through education, 
counseling, and conciliation. Cases that may require disciplinary action will be 
handled according to the established discipline procedures of the University. 

55 



Student organizations in violation of this policy may be subject to the loss of 
University recognition. Complainants shall be protected from unfair retribution. 
Nothing in this policy statement is intended to infringe on the individual 
rights, freedom of speech, or academic freedom provided to members of the 
Oglethorpe community. The scholarly, educational, or artistic content of any 
written or oral presentation or inquiry shall not be limited by this policy. 
Accordingly, this provision will be construed liberally but should not be used as 
a pretext for violation of the policy. 

The Oglethorpe Student Association 

The Oglethorpe Student Association is the guiding body for student life at 
Oglethorpe University. The O.S.A. consists of two bodies: an executive council, 
composed of a president, vice president, parliamentarian, secretary, treasurer, 
and presidents of the four classes; and the senate, chaired by the vice president, 
and composed of four senators from each class. Both bodies meet regularly and 
the meetings are open to the public. Through its Programming Board the O.S.A. 
administers a student activity fee which is assessed to all full-time day students. 
Additional information can be obtained from the O.S.A. Office or the Student 
Center Office located on the upper level of the Emerson Student Center. The 
address is Oglethorpe Student Association, 3000 Woodrow Way, N.E., Atlanta, 
GA 30319-2797. 



Student Organizations 



Valuable educational experience may be gained through active participa- 
tion in approved campus activities and organizations. All students are encour- 
aged to participate in one or more organizations to the extent that such 
involvement does not deter them from high academic achievement. Students are 
encouraged especially to join professional organizations associated with their 
interests and goals. 

Eligibility for membership in student organizations is limited to currently 
enrolled students. To serve as an officer of an organization, a student must be 
enrolled full time and may not be on academic or disciplinary probation. 

Recognized Student Organizations 

Accounting Club Catholic Student Association 

Adam Smith Society Le Cercle Fran^ais - French Club 

Alpha Chi - National Academic Chess Club 

Honorary Chiaroscuro - Student Art Organization 

Alpha Phi Omega - National Service College Republicans 

Fraternity ECOS, Environmentally Concerned 
Alpha Psi Omega - Drama Honorary Oglethorpe Students 

Amnesty International - Oglethorpe Executive Round Table 

Chapter InterVarsity Christian Fellowship 

Best Buddies International Club 

Beta Omicron Sigma- Business Interfraternity Council 

Honorary Kashima Shinryu - Martial Arts 

Black Student Caucus The "O" Club 

56 



OAT, Oglethorpe Academic Team 
Oglethorpe Ambassadors 
Oglethorpe Chamber Players 
Oglethorpe Dancers 
Oglethorpe Expeditions Unlimited 
Oglethorpe Recorder Ensemble 
Oglethorpe Stage Band 
Oglethorpe Winds Ensemble 
Oglethorpe YAD - Jewish Student 

Organization 
Omicron Delta Kappa - National 

Leadership Honorary 
Order of Omega - Greek Honor Society 
Orient Club 
OUTlet - Gay & Lesbian Students 

Organization 
Panhellenic Council 
Phi Alpha Theta - National History 

Honorary 
Phi Beta Delta - Honor Society for 

International Scholars 
Phi Delta Epsilon - International Medical 

Fraternity 
Phi Eta Sigma - Freshman Academic 

Honorary 
Philologos - English Club 



The Playmakers, Oglethorpe 

University Theatre 
Psi Chi - Psychology Honorary 
Psychology and Sociology Club 
Residence Hall Association 
Rho Lambda - Panhellenic 

Honorary 
Sigma Pi Sigma - National Physics 

Honorary 
Sigma Tau Delta - English 

Honorary 
Sigma Zeta - National Science 

Honorary 
Society of Physics Students - 

Oglethorpe Chapter 
Student Education Association 
Thalian Society - Philosophical 

Discussion Group 
The Stormy Petrel - Student 

Newspaper 
The Tower - Literary Magazine 
The Yamacraw - Yearbook 
University Chorale 
University Singers 
WJTL - Radio Station 



Fraternities and Sororities 



Four fraternities and two sororities contribute to the Greek system at 
Oglethorpe. 

The four fraternities are Chi Phi, Delta Sigma Phi, Kappa Alpha, and Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon. The national sororities are Chi Omega and Sigma Sigma Sigma. 

These social organizations strive to contribute substantially to the spiritual 
and social betterment of the individual and develop college into a richer, fuller 
experience. Membership in these organizations is voluntary and subject to regu- 
lations established by the Interfraternity Council, the Panhellenic Council, and 
the Dean of Community Life. 



Athletics and Physical Fitness 



At Oglethorpe University the students who participate in intercollegiate 
athletic competition are considered to be students first and athletes second. 
The University is an active member of the Southern Collegiate Athletic Confer- 
ence (SCAC) and Division III of the National Collegiate Athletic Association 
(NCAA). Members of Division III may not award financial aid (other than aca- 
demic honor awards) to any student-athlete, except upon a showing of financial 
need by the recipient. Oglethorpe provides a program of Oglethorpe Scholars 



57 



Awards, which is described in the Financial Assistance section of this Bulletin. 
Many students who are interested in sports and are superior academically do 
qualify for this form of assistance. 

The University offers intercollegiate competition in basketball, baseball, 
soccer, cross-country, tennis, golf, and track and field for men; and in soccer, 
basketball, volleyball, cross-country, tennis, and track and field for women. The 
Stormy Petrels compete against other SCAC schools, including Trinity Univer- 
sity, Millsaps College, Rhodes College, University of the South, Southwestern 
University, Hendrix College, and Centre College. The Petrels also challenge teams 
from schools outside the SCAC, such as Emory University and Washington and 
Lee University. 

In addition to intercollegiate competition, a well-rounded program of 
intramural sports is offered and has strong participation by the student body. In 
recent years about half of the full-time Oglethorpe students participated in one 
or more intramural sports. Men and women participate in badminton, basket- 
ball, flag football, softball, table tennis, and volleyball. 

The following two physical fitness courses are offered for credit. 

1001. Physical Fitness for Living 3 hours 

A course designed to provide students an understanding and awareness of 
one's fitness potential through proper nutrition and aerobic exercise. Evalua- 
tion of personal fitness levels in the areas of stress, cardiorespiratory endurance, 
muscle strength, body composition, flexibility, and identification of coronary 
risk factors will assist the student in preparing for a balanced and healthy life. 

1002. Fitness Through Lifetime Sports 1 hour 

A course designed to provide instruction in the skills, knowledge, and 
understanding of various sports, or of a particular sport, that can be enjoyed 
throughout a person's lifetime. Acquainting students with the history, rules, and 
techniques, and offering individual instruction in these sports will help the stu- 
dent maintain fitness through wholesome recreation. Prerequisite: 1001. 

Cultural Opportunities on Campus 

There are numerous cultural opportunities for students outside the 
classroom. The University Program Committee sponsors concerts, theatrical 
productions, poetry readings, and lectures by visiting scholars. The Mack A. 
Rikard lectures expose students to leaders in business and other professions. 
The University Singers perform frequently during the year, including seasonal 
events. They often feature guest artists. The University Museum, on the third 
floor of Philip Weltner Library, sponsors exhibitions as well as lectures on asso- 
ciated subjects and frequent concerts in the museum. The Playmakers also stage 
several productions each year. Two annual events, the Oglethorpe Night of the 
Arts and International Night, provide a showcase for campus talent. The former 
presents student literary, musical, and visual arts. The latter features international 
cuisine and entertainment. The Georgia Shakespeare Festival which takes place 
on campus during the summer, is also a valuable cultural asset to the Oglethorpe 
community. 



58 



Internships and Cooperative Education 

Experiential off-campus on-the-job learning is a major component of the 
educational process at Oglethorpe. Beginning in the sophomore year, students 
can opt to further refine their career plans through cooperative education and 
internships. These programs provide practical experience to complement the 
academic program, as well as give students the opportunity to test the reality of 
their career decisions and gain work experience in their major fields of interest. 

Internship opportunities are available in most majors for students who: 
(1) demonstrate a clear understanding of the goals they wish to accomplish in 
the experience and (2) possess the necessary academic and personal background 
to accomplish these goals. 

Students who are interested in an internship or cooperative education expe- 
rience should first consult with their faculty advisers and then visit the Office of 
Career Services in Emerson Student Center. 

Internships 

Students with a minimum grade-point average of 2.8 may qualify to begin 
an internship experience in the sophomore year. Every internship requires a 
statement of academic objectives and requirements developed in consultation 
with the student's faculty adviser and/or faculty internship supervisor. Upon 
successful completion of the internship, the student is awarded academic credit 
in recognition of the learning value of the experience, up to a maximum of 15 
hours. 

If no academic credit is needed or sought, a non-credit internship can be 
arranged, utilizing the quality control provided by the Office of Career Services. 

Internships have been available in a large variety of local businesses and 
organizations such as Deloitte and Touche, Atlanta Historical Society, CNN, 
United Methodist Children's Home, Gwinnett Medical Center, Georgia League 
of Women Voters, Zoo Atlanta, IBM, Price Waterhouse, Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention, The Carter Center, The New York Tmg5-Southern Bureau, 
and the Georgia Department of Labor, to name only a few. 

In addition to these Atlanta-based internships, Oglethorpe also is affiliated 
with two organizations in the nation's capital where students from all majors 
can serve as interns in the Washington, D.C. area. These organizations are The 
Washington Center and The Washington Semester Program of American 
University. 

Cooperative Education 

Cooperative Education is a non-credit program in which students with a 
grade-point average of 2.5 or higher alternate semesters of work and study until 
graduation. Students usually begin the co-op experience in their junior years. 
Opportunities are limited but some are available with several major employers 
in the Atlanta area. 

A student who participates in a University sponsored full-time cooperative 
education experience is considered to be a full-time Oglethorpe student. This 
will be true even though it precludes his or her enrolling in a full-time schedule 
of classes, provided: (1) he or she was enrolled in a full-time schedule of classes 
at Oglethorpe during the semester immediately preceding the cooperative 

59 



education experience, and (2) he or she intends to enroll as a full-time student at 
Oglethorpe in the subsequent semester. 



Counseling 



Counseling and referrals for professional services are available to students 
experiencing psychological or social problems. Special programs are conducted 
on campus to provide information and promote development in leadership skills, 
interpersonal relationships, and physical and mental health. Though academic 
advising is the responsibility of individually assigned faculty advisers, students 
encountering unusual difficulties may wrish to consult the Counseling Center 
regarding possible contributing factors. 

Academic Resource Center - Tutoring 

The Academic Resource Center in Goodman Hall provides group and 
individual tutoring and other academic activities for all students, free of charge. 
The ARC services include helping students to prepare for papers and examina- 
tions, as well as arranging enriching group study and research for students who 
are already doing well in core classes and other courses. The student tutors work 
closely with the faculty teaching the classes in which they are tutoring, meeting 
regularly to plan and provide individual and small-group help for students who 
need it, and to increase interactive and collaborative educational experiences 
both in and outside Oglethorpe's classrooms. 

Learning Disabilities Resource Services 

The Learning Disabilities Resource Services program provides support at 
no additional cost for students with learning disabilities, attention deficits, and 
other learning differences. Professional documentation of disability is required 
for services and is the responsibility of the student. Qualified students are 
provided with appropriate modifications of regular academic class work. 

The Learning Disabilities (LD) Coordinator's office is located in Goodman 
Hall adjacent to the Academic Resource Center. Services provided include 
individual assistance in registration, assistance with specific skill deficits such 
as organization of time and subject matter, and assistance in isolating and 
addressing specific academic skill problems. The Coordinator acts as liaison 
between the LD student and faculty members. Academic Resource Center tutors, 
and campus organizations and is the official LD student advocate in all areas of 
campus life. This program is provided to insure that all students may participate 
fully in the Oglethorpe experience. 



Career Services 



The Career Services Office provides resources to assist students in making 
responsible decisions and strategies regarding career options and job search 
plans. These resources include a Career Library with information available from 
books, a computer, and video tapes on occupations, the job search, and 

60 



prospective employers. SIGI PLUS, a computer-assisted guidance program and 
KeyLink, are available by appointment to explore options and employers that 
match individual career interests. Workshops on resume writing, interviewing 
and job search techniques are presented each semester to prepare students for 
the workplace. 

In addition, a number of prospective employers and graduate schools send 
recruiters to the campus each year for the purpose of conducting on-campus 
interviews. Current information on permanent, summer, and part-time job 
opportunities is made available to students and alumni. 



Opportunities in Atlanta 



Oglethorpe is located eight miles from downtown Atlanta and just two miles 
from the city's largest shopping center. A nearby rapid transit station makes 
transportation quick and efficient. This proximity to the Southeast's most vibrant 
city offers students a great variety of cultural and entertainment opportunities. 
There are numerous excellent restaurants and clubs in nearby Buckhead. Down- 
town Atlanta offers professional baseball, football, and basketball to sports fans 
as well as frequent popular concerts. The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra performs 
from September through May in the Memorial Arts Center. The Atlanta Ballet 
Company's season is October through May. The Alliance Theatre Company and 
many smaller companies present productions of contemporary and classical plays. 
The High Museum of Art hosts major traveling exhibitions in addition to its 
permanent collection. Student discounts are often available. 



Housing and Meals 



The residence halls are available to all full-time day students. There are 
three men's residence halls, two co-ed halls, and two women's halls. Each area 
has an Area Coordinator and a staff of resident assistants. 

All students living in the residence halls are required to participate in a 
University meal plan. Meals are served in the Emerson Student Center. Nineteen 
meals are served each week and three different meal plan options are available. 
No breakfast is served on Saturday or Sunday. Instead a brunch is served from 
mid-morning until early afternoon. The evening meal is also served on these 
days. Meal tickets are issued at registration. 

In addition to the residence halls there are six Greek cottages which house 
some members of the four fraternities and two sororities. 



Health Service 



All resident students subscribe to a Student Accident and Sickness Insurance 
Plan provided through the University. Full-time students living off campus may 
purchase this insurance. International students and students participating in all 
intercollegiate sports and intramural football are required to enroll in the Insur- 
ance Plan or have equivalent coverage. A brochure is available at the Student 
Health Center that describes the coverages provided by the plan. 

The University maintains a small health center staffed by a registered nurse. 
The center operates on a regular schedule weekdays when classes are in session 
and provides basic first aid and limited medical assistance for students. 



61 



A physician visits the health center each weekday at a scheduled time to 
make general diagnoses and treatment. In the event additional or major medical 
care is required, or for emergencies, the student-patient will be referred to medical 
specialists and hospitals in the area with which the health service maintains a 
working relationship. 

When it is determined that a student's physical or emotional health is 
detrimental to his or her academic studies, group-living situation, or other 
relationships at the University or in the community, the student will be required 
to withdraw. Readmission to the University will be contingent upon acceptable 
verification that the student is ready to return. The final decision will rest with 
the University. 

International Student Services 

The International Student Office, which is located in the Emerson Student 
Center, exists to meet the needs of international students. Through a specially 
designed orientation program and ongoing contacts, the new international 
student is assisted in the process of adjustment to life at an American college. 
Special tours, host family programs, and social occasions are available to insure 
that students can benefit fully from cross-cultural experiences. The International 
Student Adviser helps students with questions related to their immigration status. 

The O Book 

The O Book is the student's guide to Oglethorpe University. It contains 
thorough information on the history, customs, traditional events, and services 
of the University, as well as University regulations. This handbook outlines the 
policies for recognition, membership eligibility, and leadership positions for 
campus student organizations and publications. 

Awards 

Presented at Commencement or at Honors and Awards Convocation 

Donald C. Agnew Award for Distinguished Service: This award is presented 
annually by the Oglethorpe Student Association and is chosen by that body to 
honor the person who, in their opinion, has given distinguished service to the 
University. Dr. Agnew served as President of Oglethorpe University from 1957 
to 1964. 

Alpha Chi Award: This is an annual award made to the member of the 
student body who best exemplifies the ideals of Alpha Chi in scholarship, lead- 
ership, character, and service. 

Alpha Phi Omega Service Award: This award is presented by Alpha Phi 
Omega fraternity to the student, faculty, or staff member who best exemplifies 
the organization's three-fold purposes of leadership, friendship, and service. 

Alpha Psi Omega Rookie Award: This award is presented annually to the 
outstanding new member of The Playmakers. 



62 



Leo Bilancio Award: This award, created in memory of Professor Leo 
Bilancio, a member of the Oglethorpe history faculty from 1958 to 1989, is 
given annually by the Oglethorpe Student Association to a graduating senior 
who has been an outstanding student of history or political studies. 

Eve Brown Award: This award is presented to the individual who demon- 
strates outstanding talent in production design for The Playmakers. 

Wendell Brown Award: This award is presented to the individual who has 
done the most for The Playmakers during the year. 

Mary Whiton Calkins Award: The outstanding senior majoring in psychol- 
ogy is honored with this award. 

Chiaroscuro Juried Art Show Award: These awards are presented to the 
artists who submit the best drawings, sculpture, photographs, and paintings to 
the annual student art show sponsored by Chiaroscuro, a club that supports the 
arts on campus. 

Coca-Cola Minority Achievement Award: This award is presented annually 
by The Coca-Cola Company to a minority student who is a rising senior and 
demonstrates strong academic performance, personal character, and personal 
motivation to serve and succeed. 

Deans' Award for Outstanding Achievement: This award is presented 
annually to a campus club, organization, or society which, in the opinion of the 
Dean of Community Life and the Provost, has contributed most to University 
life. 

Financial Executives Institute Award: This award is presented annually by 
the Atlanta Chapter of The Financial Executives Institute to a student of supe- 
rior academic performance in the field of business administration. 

Georgia Society of Certified Public Accountants Award: This award is 
presented annually to the student of highest academic achievement in the field 
of accounting. 

International Club Appreciation Award: This award is presented annually 
to the student who has contributed most significantly to the activities of the 
International Club. 

Intramural Sports Awards: These awards are presented to the leading teams 
and individual athletes in men's and women's intramural competition. 

Sidney Lanier Prize: This award is given yearly to the student, or students, 
submitting excellent poetry to campus publications. 

LeConte Award: The most outstanding student graduating with a major in 
one of the natural sciences or mathematics, as determined by the faculty in the 
Division of Science and Mathematics, is recognized with this award. 

Charles M. MacConnell Award: This award honors a former member of the 
faculty and is presented by the sophomore class to the senior who, in the judg- 
ment of the class, has participated in many phases of campus life without having 
received full recognition. 

National Collegiate Band Awards: These awards are presented annually to 
students who have exhibited excellence in the performance of instrumental music. 

The James Edward Oglethorpe Awards: Commonly called the "Oglethorpe 
Cups," these are presented annually to the man and woman in the graduating 
class who, in the opinion of the faculty, have excelled in both scholarship and 
service. 



63 



Oglethorpe Poet Laureate: This award was first instituted by Mrs. Idalee 
Vonk, wife of former President Paul Vonk, and is an honor that is bestowed 
upon a freshman, sophomore, or junior who presents the best written work to 
The Tower for competition. 

Omicron Delta Kappa Freshman Award: This award is made by Omicron 
Delta Kappa to the student in the freshman class who most fully exemplifies the 
ideals of this organization. 

Outstanding Education Graduate Student Award: The outstanding educa- 
tion graduate student is honored with this award. 

Outstanding Improvement in French Studies: This award honors the student 
who demonstrates excellence and dedication in French studies. 

Outstanding Male and Female Varsity Athletes of the Year Award: These 
awards are made annually to the outstanding male and female students partici- 
pating in varsity sports. 

Outstanding Politics Senior Award: This award is given annually to the 
graduating senior, majoring in politics, who, in the judgment of the faculty, 
does the most sophisticated work in upper-level classes within the discipline. 

Outstanding Sociology Senior Award: The outstanding senior majoring in 
sociology is honored with this award. 

Outstanding Teacher Education Senior Award: This award is presented 
annually to a leading senior student in the field of education. 

Pattillo Leadership Award: The President of the University presents this 
prize to a graduating student who has excelled in leadership accomplishments. 

Phi Beta Kappa Faculty Group Award: This award is presented by the fac- 
ulty and staff members of Phi Beta Kappa to the graduating student who, in 
their judgment, has demonstrated outstanding scholarly qualities. 

Phi Eta Sigma Freshman Scholarship Award: This award is presented annu- 
ally to the full-time freshman student with the highest grade-point average by 
Phi Eta Sigma, a national scholastic honor society for freshmen. 

Publications Awards: Notable contributors to The Tower, The Stormy Petrel 
and The Yamacraw are recognized with these awards. 

Resident Assistant of the Year: This award is presented annually to an 
exemplary student who organizes outstanding educational and social programs 
for dormitory residents and builds a sense of community in the residence halls. 

Student Education Association Award: Through the presentation of this 
award, members of this organization honor a student who has excelled in the 
field of teacher education. 

Charles L. Towers, Sr. Award for Excellence: This award is presented annually 
to the outstanding student in the field of economics and business administra- 
tion. The award honors the father of Charles L. Towers, a Trustee Emeritus of 
the University. 

University College Award: This award is presented to the continuing educa- 
tion student in the graduating class who has the highest grade-point average on 
work completed at Oglethorpe among continuing education students and who 
has completed at least 45 semester hours of course work in residence. 

University Singers Awards: These awards are presented annually to students 
who have exhibited excellence in the performance of choral music. 



64 



The Sally Hull Weltner Award for Scholarship: This award is presented to 
the student in the graduating class who has the highest grade-point average on 
work completed at Oglethorpe among the students graduating with academic 
honors. 

Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities: This honor is given in 
recognition of the merit and accomplishments of students who are formally 
recommended by a committee of students, faculty, and administrators, and who 
meet the requirements of the publication Who's Who Among Students in American 
Colleges and Universities. 



65 



Academic R^ulations 
and Policies 




Academic Advising 



Each student consults with a member of the faculty in preparing course 
schedules, discussing post-graduation plans, and inquiring about any other 
academic matter. The student's adviser in the first year is the instructor of the 
Fresh Focus section which the student has selected prior to initial enrollment. 
The faculty adviser is each student's primary point of contact with the University. 

To change advisers a student must complete the following procedural 
steps: 

1. Ask the proposed "new" faculty adviser for permission to be added to 
the faculty member's advisee list. 

2. Ask the current adviser to send the student file to the faculty member 
who has agreed to be the student's new adviser. 

3. Ascertain that the new adviser has received the file and has sent an Adviser 
Change notice to the Registrar's Office. 

This is the only method for changing academic advisers. 

When the student decides on a major field, he or she should change advis- 
ers, if necessary, to a faculty member who has teaching responsibilities in the 
student's major field. 



Registration 



New students select courses in consultation with their faculty adviser. 
Schedule planning and course selection for following semesters are accomplished 
during preregistration week. Students should make appointments to consult with 
their academic advisers during preregistration. Full-time students wishing to 
participate in the University Center in Georgia Cross Registration program (see 
Cross Registration below) also should select courses during the preregistration 
week of the fall and spring semesters. Summer schedules also can be planned 
during preregistration week in the spring semester. 

The official registration period precedes the first day of classes. Every student 
must complete the various steps of the registration process during this period. 
Those who have preregistered pick up a copy of their course schedule at the 
first station of registration and thereby bypass the station at which proposed 
course schedules are computer-processed by Registrar's Office personnel. All 
other stations must be completed by preregistered students. 



Cross Registration 



Oglethorpe University is a member of the University Center in Georgia, a 
consortium of the 18 institutions of higher education in the greater Adanta 
area. Through the University Center, full-time Oglethorpe students may enroll 
on a space-available basis in courses at any other member institution. The student 
need not be admitted to the other institution and completes all procedures, 
including payment of tuition, at Oglethorpe. Because of institutional deadlines, 
students should complete forms for cross registration during Oglethorpe's 
designated preregistration week. 



68 



Courses taken at University Center institutions on a cross-registration basis 
count as Oglethorpe courses. While grades earned through consortium courses 
are not tabulated in grade-point averages, courses with grades of "C" or higher 
count toward the major. 

Interested students should consult the Registrar for program details. 

Class Attendance 

Regular attendance at class sessions, laboratories, examinations, and official 
University convocations is an obligation which all students are expected to fulfill. 
Faculty members set attendance policies in their course syllabi. 



Grading 



Faculty members submit mid-semester reports to the Registrar's Office on 
class rolls indicating satisfactory or unsatisfactory ("S" or "U"). These mid-se- 
mester reports are not part of the student's permanent record. 

Letter grades are submitted by faculty members at the end of each semes- 
ter. These grades become part of the student's official record. Once entered, a 
grade may not be changed except by means of an officially executed Change of 
Grade form. 

A student's cumulative grade-point average (GPA) is calculated by dividing 
the number of semester hours of work the student has attempted into the total 
number of quality points earned. 

The letter grades used at Oglethorpe are defined as follows: 







Quality 


Numerical 


Grade 


Meaning 


Points 


Equivalent 


A 


Superior 


4.0 


93-100 


A- 




3.7 


90-92 


B+ 




3.3 


87-89 


B 


Good 


3.0 


83-86 


B- 




2.7 


80-82 


C+ 




2.3 


77-79 


C 


Satisfactory 


2.0 


73-76 


C- 




1.7 


70-72 


D+ 




1.3 


67-69 


D 


Passing 


1.0 


60-66 


F 


Failure 


0.0 


59 and below 


FA 


Failure: Excessive Absences* 







W 


Withdrew** 







WF 


Mthdrew Failing* 







I 


Incomplete*** 







S 


Satisfactory**** 





70 or higher 


u 


Unsatisfactory* 







AU 


Audit (no credit) 








69 



Notes: * -Grade has same effect as an "F" on the GPA. 

** -Grade has no effect on the GPA; no credit awarded. 

*** -Grade has same effect as an "F" on the GPA. If a student is 
unable to complete the work for a course on time for reasons 
of health, family tragedy, or other circumstances the instruc- 
tor deems appropriate, the grade "I" may be assigned. In such 
cases, the instructor and student shall draw up a contract indi- 
cating specifically the work the student must complete as well 
as a date by which the work will be submitted, and the grade 
which will be given if the student fails to complete that work. 
After the student has read and signed the contract, it shall be 
filed with the Registrar at the time the class roll with grades is 
submitted. 

**** -Grade has no effect on the GPA; credit is awarded. 
Only work completed at Oglethorpe is reflected in the Oglethorpe GPA. 

Students who entered Oglethorpe prior to Fall 1992 will be graded without 
the plus/minus system as follows: 



Grade 


Meaning 


A 


Superior 


B 


Good 


C 


Satisfactory 


D 


Passing 


F 


Failure 



Quality 


Numerical 


Points 


Equivalent 


4 


90-100 


3 


80-89 


2 


70-79 


1 


60-69 





59 and below 



Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory Option 

After 30 semester hours are earned at Oglethorpe a student in good academic 
standing may register to take two courses (in addition to internships and Science 
Seminar) on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis. These courses cannot be taken 
in the same semester and cannot be used to satisfy requirements of the core or 
the student's major or minor. The student must register for the Satisfactory/ 
Unsatisfactory designation by the end of the Drop/ Add period after which the 
Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory designation cannot be changed. Satisfactory is defined 
as a "C-" or better. 

Final Examinations 

Final examinations, up to three hours in length, generally are given in courses 
at the end of each semester or session. The Final Examination Schedule is made 
up in the Registrar's Office and is printed in each semester's Schedule of Classes. 
(Final examinations in the summer are held on the last day of each session.) 
Final examinations must be given at the assigned date and time. 

No final examinations may be administered during the last scheduled class 
meeting of the semester or during the reading period prior to the first day of 
scheduled final examinations. If special arrangements are needed for individual 
students, faculty members must inform their Division Chair. (Regular course 
tests may be given on the last day of classes but may not be scheduled on the 
reading day.) 

No student help is to be used for typing or grading examinations. 

70 



Auditing Courses 



Regularly admitted Oglethorpe students may register for courses on an 
"audit" basis. A student who audits a course may attend the course for enrich- 
ment but is not required to take course examinations or complete other course 
requirements. In order to audit a course, a student must request an Audit form 
from the Registrar's Office and submit it to the instructor of the course he or 
she intends to audit. If the class is not closed, the instructor may accept the 
student as an audit by returning the signed form to the Registrar's Office. The 
grade awarded for a class taken on an audit basis is "AU," and no credits or 
quality points are earned. 

Students may register to take courses on an audit basis only during the 
normal time for dropping and adding courses. The fees for auditing courses are 
published by the Business Office. 



Dean's List 



Students who earn a semester grade-point average of 3.5 or higher carrying 
12 semester hours or more during the fall or spring semester are placed on the 
Dean's Academic Honors List. 

Mathematics Proficiency Requirement 

Oglethorpe offers three courses below the level of calculus (the high school 
equivalent is indicated in parentheses): (1) Intermediate Algebra (Algebra I), (2) 
College Algebra (Algebra II), and (3) Analytic Geometry (Algebra and 
Trigonometry III). 

The Mathematics Proficiency Requirement at Oglethorpe is met in one of 
two ways: (1) by performing satisfactorily on the mathematics proficiency 
examination administered to entering students during fall and spring orienta- 
tion or Springfest, or (2) by completing the course Analytic Geometry. (Entering 
students who have taken a calculus course in high school are deemed to have 
satisfied the Mathematics Proficiency Requirement and do not need to take the 
proficiency examination.) 



Graduation Requirements 



To earn a baccalaureate degree from the University the following require- 
ments must be met: 

1. Completion of a minimum of 120 semester hours of course credit with 
an Oglethorpe cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 or higher. 

2. Completion at Oglethorpe of 30 of the last 60 semester hours of course 
credit immediately preceding graduation. Courses taken at University 
Center institutions on a cross-registration basis count as Oglethorpe 
courses for the purpose of meeting this residency requirement. 

3. Satisfaction of core requirements and major field or dual degree require- 
ments (see appropriate disciplinary headings for descriptions). 



71 



4. Submission of an application for graduation to the Registrar's Office by 
mid-October prior to completion of degree requirements the following 
December, May, or August. 

5. Satisfaction of all financial and other obligations to the University and 
payment of a graduation fee. 

6. Participation in assessments of competencies gained and curricular 
effectiveness by completing standardized or other tests and surveys. 

7. Formal faculty approval for graduation. 

Master of Arts degree candidates are referred to the Division VI section of 
this Bulletin for a description of degree requirements and other academic regu- 
lations which pertain to the graduate program. 

Graduation Exercises 

Graduation exercises are held once a year at the close of the spring semes- 
ter in May. Diplomas are awarded, however, three times during the year — at the 
close of the spring semester during commencement, at the close of the summer 
session, and at the close of the fall semester. Students completing requirements 
at the end of summer or at the end of fall are encouraged to participate in the 
spring graduation exercises. 

Good Standing, Probation and 
Academic Dismissal 

To be in good standing students must achieve the cumulative grade-point 
averages specified below in relation to the number of semester hours they have 
completed. 

Cumulative GPA Required 
Semester Hours Completed for Good Standing 

0-35 1.50 

36-65 1.75 

66 and above 2.00 

Students who fail to achieve good standing are placed on probation. 

Students who do not achieve good standing for two consecutive semesters 
(poor performance in summer sessions excluded) are subject to dismissal from 
the University for academic reasons. However, successful completion of summer 
classes taken at Oglethorpe may be used to achieve good academic standing. 

New students, freshmen, or transfer students who fail all courses during 
their first semester at Oglethorpe are subject to dismissal, unless the student 
received a "W" in all courses or had to withdraw from all courses for medical 
reasons. 

Students who have been dismissed for academic reasons may be readmitted 
after an absence of one spring or fall semester upon petition to the Provost. 
Students readmitted by petition must achieve good standing by the end of their 
second semester as readmitted students or be dismissed permanently. 



72 



Degrees With Latin Academic Honors 

Undergraduate degrees with Latin academic honors are awarded as follows: 
cum laude for a cumulative grade-point average of 3.5 or higher; magna cum laude 
for 3.7 or higher; and summa cum laude for 3.9 or higher. To be eligible for Latin 
academic honors, the student must have completed 75 or more semester hours 
at Oglethorpe. 

Transfer work is not included in the determination for Latin academic 
honors. 

Degrees With Academic Honors 

Please see the Honors Program section of this Bulletin. 

Earning a Second Add-On Major 

Students who have been awarded an Oglethorpe baccalaureate degree may 
earn a second major within that degree at the University. Upon completion of 
the requirements, the second major will be entered on the student's record and 
transcript. No diploma will be awarded since the second major is within the 
degree already awarded. The requirements are: 

\. Completion of an additional 30 semester hours of which a minimum of 
15 must be completed at Oglethorpe. 

2. Maintenance of a 2.0 or higher cumulative grade-point average. 

3. Completion of a major other than the major(s) completed at the time 
the first degree was awarded. 

Earning a Second Baccalaureate Degree 

Students who have completed a baccalaureate degree may be awarded a 
second and different baccalaureate degree. Upon completion of the require- 
ments, the student's record and transcript will reflect the conferring of a second 
degree and a diploma will be awarded. 

For students who earned their first baccalaureate degree at Oglethorpe, 
the same requirements listed above apply. 

For students who have earned their first baccalaureate degree at another 
institution, this degree is treated as transfer credit. Up to a maximum of 75 
semester hours may be accepted at Oglethorpe. The requirements for the second 
degree are: 

L Satisfaction of Oglethorpe core requirements. 

2. Completion of a minimum of 45 semester hours at Oglethorpe. 

3. Maintenance of a 2.0 or higher cumulative grade-point average. 

4. Completion of a major other than the major(s) completed at the time 
the first degree was awarded. 

All transfer policies stated in the section of this Bulletin entitled Transfer 
Students and Transfer Policies apply. 



73 



Student Classification 



For administrative and other official and extra-official purposes, under- 
graduate students are classified according to the number of semester hours 
successfully completed. Classification is as follows: to 30 hours - freshman; 31 
to 60 hours - sophomore; 61 to 90 hours -junior; 91 hours and above - senior. 



Normal Academic Load 



Two semesters - fall and spring - constitute the regular academic year. 
Several day and evening sessions also are offered in the summer. 

While courses of one to five semester hours credit are offered each semes- 
ter, a full-time academic program at Oglethorpe consists of no less than four 
courses each semester or a minimum of 12 semester hours. Generally five courses 
are taken, giving the student a total of 12 to 16 semester hours. Regular students 
in the day classes are expected to carry a normal load and to pay for a full 
schedule of courses. Students in the evening program may carry anywhere from 
one to four courses each semester. 

An overload (more than 16 semester hours) is allowed for seniors and 
students with a 3.0 or higher cumulative grade-point average. A student taking 
an overload must be sure to have his or her adviser's approval and signature on 
the registration form. The absolute upper limit is 18 hours per semester. 

A minimum of 120 semester hours (or equivalent for transfer students) is 
required for graduation. Some programs may require additional credit. 



Course Level 



In the sections that follow courses are listed numerically by discipline within 
their respective divisions. Most courses are designated by a four-digit number. 
The first digit indicates the level of the course: 1 = freshman level, 2 = sopho- 
more level, 3 = junior level, 4 = senior level, and 6 = graduate level. Higher level 
courses in a discipline are typically designed to build upon the content of lower 
level courses in that discipline and other specified prerequisite courses. 

In some cases, the C, L, or P replaces the first digit in the course number. C 
indicates that a course fulfills a core requirement; L means laboratory; P means 
that the course is a preliminary course to the required core course in that 
discipline. 

The number of hours refers to the semester hours of college credit per 
semester which are earned by the successful completion of the course. 



Withdrawal From a Course 



From the conclusion of the Drop/ Add period through midsemester or the 
middle of a mini or summer session, the grade "W" or "WF" is assigned at the 
instructor's discretion to a student who withdraws from a course (turns in a 
properly executed withdrawal form at the Registrar's Office). After that time 
the grade "WF" is assigned. Only in the case of prolonged illness (a physician's 
letter must be submitted directly to the Registrar's Office) or withdrawal from 
the University will a "W" be assigned. 

74 



In the case of an emergency departure from the campus as a result of which 
withdrawal forms have not been executed, the Registrar's Office verifies that 
the student has left campus as a result of an emergency and notifies instructors. 
Instructors may elect to assign a "W" in such a case even if it occurs after 
midsemester or midsession. 

Withdrawal From the University 

Students who wish to withdraw from the University during a semester are 
required to complete the appropriate form, which is available at the Registrar's 
Office. The grade "W" or "WF" will be assigned for courses in progress, 
depending upon the student's academic progress in those courses. 

Repetition of Courses 

Courses may be repeated only if an unsatisfactory grade ("D", "F", "FA", or 
"WF") was received in the course. When a course is repeated, both grades are 
calculated into the student's grade-point average, but no additional semester 
hours of credit are ejirned. 

For courses completed prior to 1984, consult the Registrar for applicable 
regulations. 

Access to Student Records 

To comply with the Family Educational and Privacy Act of 1974, commonly 
called the Buckley Amendment, Oglethorpe University informs students of their 
rights under this act in the student handbook. The O Book. Three basic rights are 
covered by this act: (1) The student's right to have access to personal records, 
(2) the right of a hearing to challenge the content of a record, and (3) the right 
to withhold or give consent for the release of identifying directory data. Addi- 
tional information may be obtained from The O Book and from the Registrar. 

The Oglethorpe Honor Code 

Persons who come to Oglethorpe University for work and study join a com- 
munity that is committed to high standards of academic honesty. The Honor 
Code contains the responsibilities we accept by becoming members of the com- 
munity. 

The students and faculty of Oglethorpe University expect each other to be 
truthful in the academic endeavor they share. Faculty assume students complete 
work honestly and act toward them in ways consistent with that assumption. 

Oglethorpe welcomes all who accept our principles of honest behavior. We 
believe that this Code will enrich our years at the University and allow us to 
begin practicing the honorable, self-governed lives expected of society's leaders. 

Students pledge that they have completed assignments honestly by attach- 
ing the following statement to each test, paper, overnight work, in-class essay, or 
other work designated by the professor: 



75 



I pledge that I have neither given nor received any 
unauthorized aid on this assignment. 
Signed 

It will be the responsibility of the student to provide these pledges by either 
attaching them on a separate sheet or typing them as part of the assignment. 
The instructor also should remind the class to sign the pledge. The pledge serves 
as an affirmation of the student's and the instructor's belief in the principles of 
the honor code. Assigned work should not be considered complete without the 
pledge. 

Since it is assumed that students act according to their pledge, faculty abstain 
from any practices whose purpose is to ascertain that students have been dis- 
honest unless there is a compelling reason to believe that cheating has taken 
place. Instructors should invite their own students to discuss with them actions 
or policies that appear to be at variance with the assumption of honesty. 

All credit courses offered by the University are covered by the Honor System, 
and all cases of suspected academic dishonesty will be handled in accordance 
with its provisions. It is the responsibility of faculty members to make clear how 
the System applies to specific courses and to follow its procedures. The Honor 
Council is the final arbiter in all disputes concerning the Honor Code. For 
complete text of the Honor Code, please see the student O Book. 



76 



The Core 
Curriculum 




History of the Core Curriculum 

The idea for a "core curriculum" at Oglethorpe University was 50 years old 
in the academic year 1994-95, making it one of the oldest core programs at a 
liberal arts college in the country. In 1944, Oglethorpe President Philip Weltner 
proposed a totally new liberal arts curriculum with the twin aims of equipping 
students to "make a life and make a living." One half of each student's college 
course work was devoted to the common intellectual experience of the core, 
while the other half was devoted to a student's major area of study. Weltner 
published his ideas for a new core curriculum in a small brochure called The 
Oglethorpe Book, outlining his new plan and his philosophy of education. In so 
doing, he anticipated some of the ideas featured in General Education in a Free 
Society, Harvard University's 1945 statement stressing an emphasis on liberal 
arts and a core curriculum. 

The idea of a core curriculum was at that time so revolutionary in higher 
education that news of the Oglethorpe plan appeared in The New York Times in 
the spring of 1945. Dr. Weltner told The Times: "We are trying to develop 
keen. ..appreciation and understanding. Instead of dividing our courses into 
separate schools, we are giving the students a good liberal and general educa- 
tion which can become the basis of hundreds of vocations." 

Dr. Weltner's core curriculum for the Oglethorpe students of the 1940s 
reflected the concerns of the war era: the core consisted of a series of courses 
under the headings "Citizenship" and "Human Understanding." As the concerns 
of the war era receded and the post-war information explosion ensued, the 
Oglethorpe core underwent extensive revision in the 1960s, its required courses 
coming to resemble much more closely traditional courses in the disciplines. 
Gradually this core came to focus on those courses representing competencies 
that a well-educated generalist ought to have upon graduating from college. 

With the support of a major grant from the National Endowment for the 
Humanities, the Oglethorpe core curriculum underwent substantial revision in 
the early 1990s to reflect a new idea about core curriculum and its purpose. 
Rather than an attempt to define what every student should know or a list of 
basic competencies every student should have, the new Oglethorpe core is aimed 
at providing a common learning experience for all students in which each course 
takes a distinct approach to understanding five key questions central to the 
human experience. In centering this curriculum on the discussion of five 
important questions, the faculty has renewed its commitment to the spirit of Dr. 
Weltner's original core philosophy. He wrote, "We must never for an instant 
forget that education to be true to itself must be a progressive experience for 
the learner, in which interest gives rise to inquiry, inquiry is pursued to mastery, 
and mastery here occasions new interests there." 

As every student's second major, the core continues to urge students to 
pursue links among the various areas of study and to appreciate the value of 
intellectual inquiry. As faculty work together through frequent conversation about 
the content and goals of their core courses to provide an integrated approach to 
learning, one is reminded of the pledge Dr. Weltner made 50 years ago in outlining 
the core: "Oglethorpe University insists that the object is not to pass a subject; 
the object is to take and keep it." 



78 



Liberal Education and the Core Curriculum 

An Oglethorpe education prepares students to live as free human beings 
who take an active interest in the world around them and who have developed 
those modes of thought and action that will make them effective builders of 
communities. In The Idea of a University, John Henry Newman explains that a 
liberal education forms "a habit of mind... which lasts through life," with "nothing 
more or less than intellectual excellence" as its object. Thomas Jefferson, in 
Notes on the State of Virginia, argues that without such development of the intel- 
lect, democracy will perish: "Every government degenerates when trusted to the 
rulers of the people alone. The people themselves therefore are its only safe 
depositories, and to render even them safe their minds must be improved...." 

Such mental development requires knowledge of and the capacity to analyze 
the civilization in which we live. We must be able to raise intelligent questions 
about apparently self-evident truths, and about whether they can be verified or 
confirmed upon serious reflection. We also must have the capacity to reflect 
critically on passions, temptations, impulses, and indeed on thinking itself. As 
Jefferson proclaimed, we must not be afraid "to follow truth wherever it may 
lead...." At the very least, a liberal education ought to impart to students a taste 
for free inquiry - as well as a sense of why such inquiry is important. 

Oglethorpe University combines these aims with an institutional commit- 
ment to small classes, personal attention to the individual student, collaborative 
activities, and critical reading and writing. In its dedication to a broad, compre- 
hensive liberal education for each student, Oglethorpe has created a common 
set of core courses that invite students to be thoughtful, inquisitive, and reflec- 
tive about the human condition and the world surrounding them. These core 
courses work together with students' experiences in advanced courses in their 
chosen disciplines to encourage the life-long "habit of mind" that Newman extols. 
Students thus are urged to consider carefully what they see, hear, and read, to 
examine questions from more than one point of view, and to avoid leaping quickly 
to conclusions. 

The central considerations of the Oglethorpe core are expressed in the 
form of five questions, none of which have easy answers: 

1. What are our present ways of understanding ourselves and the universe? 

2. How do these ways of understanding evolve? 

3. How do we deal with conflicts in our ways of understanding? 

4. How do we decide what is of value? 

5. How do we decide how to live our lives? 

The Oglethorpe core curriculum initiates and sustains meaningful discus- 
sion about matters which are and have been fundamental to understanding the 
human condition and dealing thoughtfully with its ambiguities. The courses in 
the core program present a variety of distinct ways of knowing or understand- 
ing ourselves. 

As students become actively engaged with faculty in asking and attempting 
to answer the central questions raised by the core courses, they will learn to 
appreciate the life of the mind and to be interested in hearing the variety of 
voices that have addressed these questions. In an effort to insure that students 
encounter such points of view directly, Oglethorpe's core courses are designed 
to stimulate intensive interaction between faculty and students. 

79 



The core curriculum provides only a beginning for the investigation of 
significant questions. What students have at the completion of the Oglethorpe 
core program are not final answers but a multiplicity of ways of knowing and 
experiencing the world. They will, in addition, be prepared to continue this 
inquiry on their own. The core curriculum is generally sequenced as follows: 

Freshman Year: 

C161 Philosophical Conceptions of Reality and Human Life 

C191 Analytical Writing 

C211 The Foundations of the West 

C212 The West and the Modern World 

C462 Psychological Inquiry 

Sophomore Year: 

C271, C272 Human Nature and the Social Order I, II 
C330 Great Ideas of Modern Mathematics * 

One of the following year-long literature sequences: 

2121 Ancient and Medieval Literature - Homer to 1400 

2122 The Renaissance - 1400 to 1670 

or 

2123 The Enlightenment and the Response of Romanticism - 

1670 to 1815 

2124 Romantic and Victorian Literature - 1815 to 1890 

or 

2125 Modernism - 1890 to 1945 

2126 Contemporary Literature - 1945 to the Present 

Junior Yean 

One of the following: 

C131 Music and Culture 

C181 Art and Culture 

One of the following: 

C351 Natural Science: The Physical Sciences 

1321 General Chemistry I 

1341 General Physics I 

2341 College Physics I 

One of the following: 

C352 Natural Science: The Biological Sciences 

1311 General Biology I 

* Note: Students who enroll in this course should have passed the mathematics 
proficiency examination or completed Analytic Geometry. For a read- 
ing of Oglethorpe's Mathematics Proficiency Requirement, please see 
the Academic Regulations and Policies section of this Bulletin. 



Honors Program 




All students at Oglethorpe University are encouraged to attain academic 
and personal excellence. The University offers an Honors Program for those 
students who demonstrate the potential to do exceptional scholarly work and 
who desire to further their academic experience at Oglethorpe. The program 
focuses on the practice of scholarship, both in breadth and in depth, and 
emphasizes effective communication of the results of that scholarly activity both 
to persons within the field and outside it. The Honors Program also is intended 
to foster increased interaction between students and faculty with diverse inter- 
ests but similar dedication to academic excellence. 

Academic honors earned through the Honors Program are recognized at 
commencement exercises, on the student's diploma, and on the student's 
transcript of grades. 

To meet the goals of the Honors Program, a seven-semester program is 
organized in two phases as indicated in the table below. 

SCHEDULE FOR HONORS PROGRAM 



YEAR 



FALL SEMESTER 



SPRING SEMESTER 

Seminar led by two faculty from 

disparate disciplines. 

2999. Honors Seminar 1 hour 

Seminar led by two faculty from 

disparate disciplines 

2999. Honors Seminar 1 hour 

Refinement of prospectus. 
Honors Project Research. 

3999. Honors II 1 hour 

Preparation of final draft of thesis. 

Defense. Presentation of Honors 

work. 

4999. Honors IV 1 hour 



Recruitment/ Application. 
Freshman Social activities. 

Informational activities. 



Seminar led by two faculty 
Sophomore from disparate disciplines. 

2999. Honors Seminar....! hour 



Development of Honors Project 
Junior prospectus and reading list. 
Initial reading. 
3998. Honors 1 1 hour 



Project research and preparation 
Senior of initial draft of thesis. Critique 
by reading committee. 
4998. Honors III 3 hours 



Each fall semester informational programs are held to acquaint prospective 
participants with the features and requirements of the Honors Program. Inter- 
ested students should then apply for admission to the program. A grade-point 
average of 3.3 in the fall of the freshman year is required to participate in the 
first seminar. A grade-point average of 3.3 must be maintained to continue in 
the Honors Program. Students may apply for admission to the program at any 
time prior to the fall semester of the junior year. 

The first phase of the program, taken in the freshman and sophomore 
years, consists of a series of three 1 semester hour seminars (2999), each of 
which considers a topic which might take the form of a proposition, question, 
problem, text, period of time, etc. Seminars have included: Self Reference - 
Artificial Intelligence, Literature and Society, Science and Postmodernism, 
Moderns Confront the Classics: Hobbes and Thucydides, and Evolutionary Psy- 
chology. Each of these seminars is directed by two faculty members from dispar- 
ate disciplines. The interdisciplinary makeup of the seminar participants will be 



82 



exploited to investigate the seminar topic from many perspectives. Students are 
expected, encouraged, and enabled to take the lead in the seminars. Students 
carry out research relevant to the topic, write extensively in connection with the 
seminar, and make frequent presentations of their findings to the seminar. This 
phase focuses on scholarship in breadth and communication to persons whose 
interests may be outside one's own area of interest and expertise. Students prac- 
tice and refine many of the skills and techniques necessary for the second phase 
of the Honors Program. 

The second phase of the Honors Program, in the junior and senior yejirs, 
focuses on scholarship in depth and the effective communication of the results 
of that scholarship to persons in the field of study, as well as those outside it. 
During the fall semester of the junior year, the student secures a thesis supervi- 
sor and enrolls in 3998 Honors I. The student must have a 3.3 overall grade- 
point average and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in which the thesis work 
is to be undertaken. During this semester the student, with the aid of the faculty 
supervisor, selects, refines, and begins to research a suitable thesis topic. The 
student will develop a preliminary prospectus of the honors project along with 
any appropriate reading lists, etc. Honors I carries credit of 1 semester hour 
graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis, with the grade to be determined 
by the Honors Program Director in consultation with the faculty supervisor. 
Satisfactory completion of Honors I is required to continue the program. 

In the spring of the junior year thie student enrolls in 3999 Honors II, a 1 
semester hour credit course, graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis, in 
which the honors project is further refined and researched. Upon successful 
completion of Honors II, the student enrolls in 4998 Honors III during the fall 
semester of the senior year. This is a 3 semester hour credit course in which 
research of the thesis topic is to be completed. A first draft of the thesis is 
required by the end of this semester, to be submitted to the student's reading 
committee. The reading committee provides the student with feedback, includ- 
ing recommended revisions. A letter grade is determined by the faculty supervi- 
sor in consultation with the reading committee and the Honors Program Director. 
A grade of "A" is required to enroll in 4999 Honors IV. 

After successful completion of 4998 Honors III, the student enrolls in 4999 
Honors IV, a graded 1 semester hour credit course, during the spring semester 
of the senior year. During this semester the student makes any necessary revi- 
sions in producing a final draft of the thesis which will be submitted to the 
reading committee. The student also makes an appropriate presentation of the 
honors work to a seminar, class, or meeting of an academic organization, etc. 
Students are encouraged to submit their theses to appropriate competitions or 
for publication. The final draft of the thesis is presented to the reading commit- 
tee at least three weeks prior to the end of classes. At the reading committee's 
discretion the student may be asked to make a formal defense of the thesis. The 
faculty supervisor, in consultation with the reading committee and the Honors 
Program Director, determines the grade to be awarded by the first day of the 
final examination period. 

2999. Honors Seminar 1 hour 

This seminar, led by faculty members from two disparate disciplines, will 
consider a question, problem, proposition, text, period of time, project, etc. 



83 



The focus of the seminar will be student research, writing, and presentation. 
An interdisciplinary approach will be emphasized. Seminars have included: Self 
Reference - Artificial Intelligence, Literature and Society, Science and 
Postmodernism, Moderns Confront the Classics: Hobbes and Thucydides, and 
Evolutionary Psychology. Prerequisite: Application and admission into the Honors 
Program. 

3998. Honors I 1 hour 

In this course, with the aid of a faculty supervisor, the student selects and re- 
searches a thesis topic. A preliminary prospectus is developed along with a read- 
ing list. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission 
of the Honors Program Director, permission of the faculty supervisor, a 3.3 
overall grade-point average, and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in which 
the honors research is to be done. 

3999. Honors n 1 hour 

In this course the student continues research in order to refine the prospectus 
of the honors project. Prerequisites: Permission of the Honors Program Director, 
permission of the faculty supervisor, a 3.3 overall grade-point average, and a 3.5 
grade-point average in the field in which the honors research is to be done. 

4998. Honors HI 3 hours 

Under continued direction of the faculty supervisor, research of the thesis 
topic is completed in this course. Preparation of a first draft is submitted to the 
student's reading committee. Graded with a letter grade. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the Honors Program Director, permission of the faculty supervisor, 
a 3.3 overall grade-point average, and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in 
which the honors research is to be done. 

4999. Honors IV 1 hour 

Revisions are made and a final draft of the thesis is submitted to the student's 
reading committee where a formal defense may be requested. An appropriate 
oral presentation of the honors work also will be required in an academic setting. 
Graded with a letter grade. Prerequisite: Grade of "A" in 4998. 



84 



Interdisciplinary 
Programs and Majors 




Degrees 



Oglethorpe offers five degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bach- 
elor of Business Administration, Master of Arts, and Master of Business Admin- 
istration. 

Under certain conditions it is also possible for a student to receive a dual 
degree in art, a dual degree in engineering, or a degree under the Professional 
Option. See the index for the sections where these degrees are discussed. 

Major Programs and Requirements 

Completion of a major program is required for all baccalaureate degrees. 
The student's academic adviser assists with the student's selection of a major. 
The student declares the major selected on the course registration form com- 
pleted each semester. Students must have declared a major by the end of the 
second semester of the sophomore year. 

A major is an orderly sequence of courses in: (1) a particular discipline, 
(2) a combination of two disciplines, or (3) a defined interdisciplinary field. A 
major must include a minimum of 33 and a maximum of 62 semester hours of 
required course work, exclusive of all hours used to satisfy core requirements. A 
minimum of 15 semester hours of a major must be in course work taken at 
Oglethorpe University. (For teacher education majors, please refer to Division 
VI requirements in this Bulletin.) Each major must allow for the student's selec- 
tion of courses which are not in the discipline(s) of the major and not required 
components of the core curriculum. Each major includes a substantial compo- 
nent of advanced courses which have specified prerequisites. A major may require 
for successful completion a cumulative grade-point average in the major field 
which is higher than the 2.0 cumulative grade-point average required for gradu- 
ation. Alternatively, the requirements for the major may state that only courses 
in which a "C" or higher grade is received may be used in satisfaction of the 
major's requirements. The student is responsible for insuring the fulfillment of 
the requirements of the major selected. Specific requirements for each of the 
majors listed below are indicated in the respective division of the Bulletin in 
which the course offerings of the discipline are described or in this Inter- 
disciplinary Programs and Majors section of the Bulletin. Please note that no 
course may be used to meet more than one degree requirement. 

For the Bachelor of Arts degree the following majors are offered: 

American Studies 

Art 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

Communications 

Economics 

Education (Early Childhood and Middle Grades) 

Secondary Certification in English, Mathematics, Science, and 
Social Studies 

English 

History 

Individually Planned Major 

International Studies 



International Studies - Asia Concentration 

Philosophy 

Politics 

Psychology 

Sociology 

Sociology with Social Work Concentration 
For the Bachelor of Science degree the following majors are offered: 

Accounting 

Biology 

Business Administration 

Business Administration and Computer Science 

Chemistry 

Economics 

Mathematics 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

Medical Technology 

Physics 
For the Bachelor of Business Administration degree the following mzyors 
are offered: 

Accounting 

Business Administration 
For graduate work the following degrees are offered: 

Master of Arts in Education — Early Childhood Education 

Master of Arts in Education — Middle Grades Education 

Master of Business Adminsitration 

Minor Programs and Requirements 

Minor programs are available in several fields. Students should consult the 
section of the Bulletin in which a particular discipline is described to ascertain 
whether a minor is offered and what its specific requirements are. 

A minor consists of at least 15 semester hours of course work beyond any 
core requirements in that discipline. A minimum of nine semester hours of a 
minor must be in course work taken at Oglethorpe. For education majors, these 
requirements must be fulfilled before student teaching. 

Minors may be earned in the following: 



Accounting 


Music 


Art History 


Painting 


Biology 


Philosophy 


Chemistry 


Photography 


Computer Science 


Politics 


Drawing 


Psychology 


Economics 


Sociology 


English 


Spanish 


French 


Theatre 


History 


Writing 


Mathematics 





87 



Interdisciplinary Majors 



Interdisciplinary majors are offered in American Studies, Business 
Administration and Behavioral Science, Business Administration and Computer 
Science, International Studies, and Mathematics and Computer Science. Students 
who choose one of these majors should notify the Registrar so that an appropri- 
ate adviser may be assigned. 

American Studies 

The major in American Studies is designed to provide students with the 
opportunity to develop a systematic and in-depth understanding of American 
culture. By combining American studies courses and courses from relevant 
disciplines (history, literature, the arts, economics, and the social sciences), stu- 
dents may explore the relationships of diverse aspects of American life. Students 
also are able to pursue their special interests within American culture by devel- 
oping an "area of concentration" that provides a specific focus for much of the 
work completed in fulfillment of major requirements. 

In addition to introducing students to the field of American studies, the 
major is designed to help students refine their fundamental intellectual skills, 
especially their writing and speaking skills. Skills of this sort will serve the student 
well long after many specific facts, postulates, and theories have been forgotten. 
In short, as is consistent with Oglethorpe's stated institutional purpose, the 
American studies program seeks to prepare humane generalists — individuals 
who possess those basic qualities so necessary for leadership in a rapidly chang- 
ing world. The degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following eight courses: 

2216 American History to 1865 

2217 American History Since 1865 
2472 The American Experience 

(to be taken in the freshman or sophomore year) 
3129 Studies in Fiction II (American) 

3217 The Age of Affluence: The United States Since 1945 
3523 United States Economic History 
4120 American Poetry 
4473 Senior Seminar in American Studies 

(to be taken in the junior or senior year) 
Completion of seven of the following courses also is required: 

2125 Modernism - 1890 to 1945 

2126 Contemporary Literature — 1945 to the Present 

2221 Constitutional Law 

2222 State and Local Government 
2471 The Family 

3131 Music in the 20th Century: 1900-1950 

3132 Music in the 20th Century: 1950 to the Present 
3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

3221 American Political Parties 

3222 Congress and the Presidency 

3223 United States Foreign Policy 
3621 Introduction to Education 



4121 Special Topics in Literature and Culture I 
4123 Major British and American Authors I 

4213 United States Diplomatic History 

4214 The American Civil War and Reconstruction 

4521 Money and Banking 

4522 Labor Economics 
4525 Public Finance 

Requirements for the minor include completion of The American Experience 
(to be taken in the freshman or sophomore year) and four of the following seven 
courses: 

2216 American History to 1865 

2217 American History Since 1865 
3129 Studies in Fiction II (American) 

3217 The Age of Affluence: The United States Since 1945 

3523 United States Economic History 

4120 American Poetry 

4473 Senior Seminar in American Studies 

(to be taken in the junior or senior year) 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

This major provides students with the knowledge and skills of the behavioral 
sciences as they may be applied in the business world. The major helps to pre- 
pare students for careers in business, especially those related to human resources, 
or for graduate study in business administration and applied psychology. 

The major consists of 11 required courses and four directed electives. The 
four directed electives should be selected carefully with the assistance of the 
faculty adviser and must be divided evenly between business administration 
courses and courses in behavioral sciences. A grade of "C" or better in each 
course in the mzyor is required for completion of this mjyor. The degree awarded 
is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following 1 1 courses: 

Business Administration Courses 
1510 Business Law I 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 

2560 Principles of Management: Understanding the Organizational 

Context of Leadership 
3550 Marketing 
Choice of: 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software or 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science or 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming in Pascal or 

2543 Principles of Computer Programming in C++ 
Behavioral Science Courses 

2338 Statistics 

2473 Social Psychology 

3463 Psychological Testing 



89 



Choice of: 

2464 Organizational Psychology or 

3472 The Sociology of Work and Occupations 
Choice of: 

2519 Management Science or 
3461 Research Design 
In addition, two electives from business administration and two from be- 
havioral science chosen from the following courses also are required: 
Behavioral Sciences Courses 

2465 Learning and Conditioning 
2472 The American Experience 
2474 Social Problems 

3464 Psychology of Leadership 

3465 Theories of Personality 
3470 Culture and Society 
3478 Wealth, Status, and Power 

4465 Internship - Psychology (may not also take 4590) 
Business Administration Courses 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming in Pascal 

2543 Principles of Computer Programming in C++ 
3510 Managerial Finance 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 
3527 Economic Development 
3552 Marketing Communications 
3570 International Business 

4522 Labor Economics 

4556 Marketing Research 

4590 Internship - Business Administration (may not also take 4465) 

Business Administration and Computer Science 

The administration of business involves the collection, storage, analysis, 
and reporting of large volumes of financial as well as non-financial data. By 
combining courses in business administration and computer science, this 
interdisciplinary major acquaints students with the ways in which computer 
systems can assist in carrying out the accounting, finance, marketing, and 
management functions of business. An additional aim is to encourage innova- 
tive approaches to administration that would be impractical without the 
computational capacity of the computer. 

The major requires completion of 17 courses; 14 specified courses and three 
directed electives, with a grade of "C" or better in each course. The degree 
awarded is the Bachelor of Science. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following 14 courses: 
1333 Applied Calculus or 

1335 Calculus I 
2338 Statistics 
2519 Management Science 



90 



2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software or 
2543 Principles of Computer Programming in C++ 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming in Pascal 

2560 Principles of Management: Understanding the Organizational 

Context of Leadership 
3510 Managerial Finance 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 
3544 Principles of File Processing 
3550 Marketing 

4569 Strategic Management (to be taken in the senior year) 
Completion of three of the following courses also is required: 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science or 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming in Pascal or 

2543 Principles of Computer Programming in C++ 
3542 Introduction to Data Structures 

4540 Introduction to Systems Programming 

4541 Assembly Language and Computer Architecture 

International Studies 

International Studies is an interdisciplinary major which seeks to develop 
skills and perspectives essential to effective participation in the emerging 
multicultural business and social environment. The major helps to prepare stu- 
dents for careers in international commerce, the travel and convention busi- 
nesses, international banking and finance, and government. The major also 
provides an appropriate undergraduate background for the professional study 
of business, public policy, and law. Students planning careers in international 
business or politics are strongly encouraged to satisfy the requirements of the 
mjyor by taking International Economics. Students interested in this major should 
ask the Registrar to refer them to a faculty adviser who specializes in this major. 
The degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following five courses 
(including prerequisites): 

2223 International Relations 

3214 Europe in the 20th Century 

3223 United States Foreign Policy 

3470 Culture and Society 

3527 Economic Development or 
4523 International Economics 
Completion of four of the following courses also is required: 

2214 Special Topics in British History 

2226 European Politics 

2227 Asian Politics 

3177 Spanish for International Relations and Business 
3213 Europe in the 19th Century 
3220 Special Topics in Politics 
3227 Pontics in Japan 



91 



3570 International Business 

4172 The Third Republic and Its Institutions 

4173 The Fifth Republic and Its Institutions 

4174 Franco-American Relations in Trade and Culture 
4176 The Development of Latin American Cultures 
4213 United States Diplomatic History 

4215 The Age of the French Revolution and Napoleon 

4216 Special Topics in History 
4218 Independent Study in History 

4223 Advanced Topics in International Relations 

4227 Seminar in Politics and Culture 

4230 Internship - International Studies 

4239 Independent Study in International Studies 

4241 Russian History to 1861 

4242 Russian History Since 1861 
4523 International Economics or 

other courses as approved by the adviser 
Note: Special topics and independent study courses fulfill the requirements of 
the International Studies major only when they have a substantial interna- 
tional component. 

There is a rigorous foreign language requirement. Students must either 
undertake a study abroad experience with a substantial foreign language 
component after having demonstrated a proficiency equivalent of two years of 
study, or complete three years of foreign language study at Oglethorpe, or another 
institution of higher education. 

A study abroad experience is required. A summer or semester at a foreign 
university is the preferred method of meeting this requirement. In addition, 
students must assemble a study abroad portfolio, which includes materials from 
the course work and a journal detailing the experience and their reflection on 
it. Please see International Exchange Partnerships/Study Abroad below in this 
section. 

Students who receive financial aid at Oglethorpe should contact the Direc- 
tor of Financial Aid early in the pursuit of this major to determine available 
funding for the study abroad experience. 

Note: Students who graduated from a secondary school located abroad at which 
the language of instruction was not English may satisfy the language 
requirement, with English as a Second Language I and II. They may sat- 
isfy the study abroad requirement via their residency in the United States. 

International Studies - Asia Concentration 

Like the general International Studies major, this is a major designed to 
develop skills useful in cross-culturally oriented careers. Students achieve an 
Asia Concentration by taking at least four courses that focus on the culture, 
politics, history or literature of nations in Asia in addition to a selection of 
more general courses that cover fundamental issues of international studies. 
The specialized knowledge that students gain through Asia-related course work 
helps to prepare them for careers in fields such as government, finance, and 
travel in this economically growing and culturally rich area of the globe. Combined 

92 



with the other components of the International Studies major, the Asia 
Concentration will assist students with the necessary background for entry into 
graduate or professional schools in an Asian studies field. Students might go on 
to study in such areas as anthropology, politics, and international law or business. 
Requirements of the major include completion of the following six courses 
(including prerequisites): 

2223 International Relations 

2227 Asian Politics 

3223 United States Foreign Policy 

3227 Politics in Japan 

3527 Economic Development or 
4523 International Economics 

4227 Seminar in Politics and Culture (with a Japan/ Asia concentration) 
Students must also take one of the following courses: 

3106 Special Topics in Japanese Language, Literature, and Culture I 

3168 Chinese Philosophy 

3169 Japanese Philosophy or 

an Asian Studies course at another institution pre-approved by the 

student's adviser 
Students must also take two of the following courses: 
2214 Special Topics in British History 
2226 European Politics 

3213 Europe in the 19th Century 

3214 Europe in the 20th Century 
3220 Special Topics in Politics 
3470 Culture and Society 

3527 Economic Development 
3570 International Business 

4172 The Third Republic and Its Institutions 

4173 The Fifth Republic and Its Institutions 

4174 Franco-American Relations in Trade and Culture 
4213 United States Diplomatic History 

4216 Special Topics in History 

4218 Independent Study in History 

4223 Advanced Topics in International Relations 

4230 Internship - International Studies 

4239 Independent Study in International Studies 

4523 International Economics or 

other courses as approved by the adviser 
Note: Special topics and independent study courses fulfill the requirements of 
the International Studies major only when they have a substantial inter- 
national component. 

There is a rigorous Asian language requirement. Students must either 
undertake a study abroad experience with a substantial Asian language compo- 
nent after having demonstrated a proficiency equivalent of two years of study, 
or complete three years of foreign language study at Oglethorpe, or another 
institution of higher learning. 



93 



A study abroad experience is required. A summer or semester at a univer- 
sity in Asia is the preferred method of meeting this requirement. In addition, 
students must assemble a study abroad portfoHo, which includes materials from 
the course work and a journal detailing the experience and their reflection on 
it. Please see International Exchange Partnerships/Study Abroad below in this 
section. 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

Since its inception as an academic discipline, computer science has been 
closely associated with mathematics. Many of the field's pioneers are mathema- 
ticians by training. Indeed, modern computer science would not be possible 
without the existence of a number of mathematical developments once thought 
to be entirely theoretical in nature. 

The major in Mathematics and Computer Science is designed to acquaint 
students with the various linkages between computer science and mathematics 
and to enable students to understand more thoroughly their primary discipline, 
whether it is mathematics or computer science. Rigorous training in mathematical 
thinking will provide the student with essential analytical tools and mental 
discipline, while the problem-solving skills that will be sharpened in the process 
of developing algorithms for computer applications will prove to be beneficial 
to students of mathematics. Students will become familiar with ways in which 
modern computational tools have made possible work in mathematics that would 
otherwise be prohibitively laborious. Understanding of the many mathematical 
structures that are essential to effective development and utilization of processes 
in computer science will be enhanced. The degree awarded is the Bachelor of 
Science. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following courses: 

1335 Calculus! 

1336 Calculus II 

2331 Calculus III 

2332 Calculus IV 

2333 Differential Equations 
2335 Discrete Mathematics 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming in Pascal or 
2543 Principles of Computer Programming in C+++ 

3331 Complex Analysis or 
4333 Special Topics in Mathematics 

3334 Linear Algebra 

3335 Abstract Algebra 

3542 Introduction to Data Structures 
Completion of three of the following courses also is required: 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software or 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming in Pascal or 

2543 Principles of Computer Programming in C++ 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science 
3544 Principles of File Processing 

4540 Introduction to Systems Programming 

4541 Assembly Language and Computer Architecture 



94 



Individually Planned Major 



A student who wishes to pursue a course of study not included in one of the 
available majors may petition to receive permission to complete an individually 
planned major. 

Such a major must include at least 33 semester hours of course work beyond 
core requirements. At least 18 semester hours of the major must be completed 
in courses above the introductory level in a particular discipline. This discipline 
will be defined as the major's concentration. Graded course work in the major 
must have a grade-point average of at least 2.0. Course work that is included in 
the individually planned major may not be counted toward a second major or a 
minor. 

To apply for an individually planned major, the student, in consultation 
with his or her academic adviser, must complete an application, available at the 
Registrar's Office, to be approved by the chair of the division in which the 
proposed major's concentration is included and the Provost. This application 
should be submitted by the end of the second semester of the student's sophomore 
year. The application must specify the following: 

1. The major's coverage and definition. 

2. The observed or expected conceptual linkages among the concentration 
and the other subject(s) included in the major. 

3. The expected outcomes of the completion of the major in terms of the 
student's intellectual growth and plans for graduate study or career. 

The student's academic adviser forwards the application to the appropriate 
division chair. The chair consults with the Provost; then the chair notifies the 
faculty adviser of the acceptance or rejection of the proposal, and the adviser 
contacts the student. 

The degree awarded upon successful completion of an approved individu- 
ally planned major is Bachelor of Arts. 

The Urban Leadership Program 

Oglethorpe University's Urban Leadership Program is a unique educational 
opportunity. Through a balance of courses, workshops, and various on- and off- 
campus experiences, it prepares graduates to meet the challenges of respon- 
sible citizenship in local, national and international communities. Students gain 
a broad understanding of leadership concepts, theories, and applications. The 
program takes full advantage of the resources of the Atlanta metropolitan area 
with exceptional learning opportunities in the realms of politics, business, the 
arts, and community service. 

The multi-year program consists of curricular and cocurricular components, 
including the following four required urban leadership courses: 
2229 Politics and the New American City 
2560 Principles of Management: Understanding the Organizational 

Context of Leadership 
3220 Special Topics in Politics: Principles Into Practice - Community 

Issues Forum and Internship 
4595 Special Topics in Business Administration: Insights Into Great 
Leaders in Action - Biographical Analysis 

95 



In addition, three other courses are required: one closely related to a student's 
major or other areas of interest, taken concurrently with Independent Study in 
Leadership, and two others which provide additional perspective on leadership 
from a variety of general course offerings. Students maintain a reflective journal 
while in the program in preparation for the final evaluation paper when course 
requirements have been completed. Graduates of the program earn the Certifi- 
cate of Urban Leadership. 

Admission to the Urban Leadership Program is competitive. Students apply 
in the fall of the freshman or sophomore year for admission the following spring. 
The selection committee evaluates candidates primarily on the basis of 
commitment to leadership-related study, the desire for leadership understand- 
ing and application, extracurricular participation, academic record, and work 
experience. 

3013. Independent Study in Leadership 1 hour 

Attached to a regularly offered course in leadership, this course will be 
taken concurrently by students who will undertake an independent project (topic 
to be agreed upon by the student and the instructor) such as a research paper, a 
researched class presentation, or field work and a written report on it. The 
independent study is intended to explore in further detail some aspect of the 
concurrent course related to leadership in theory or in practice. Prerequisite: 
Permission of the instructor. Corequisite: Leadership course 

International Exchange Partnerships/ 
Study Abroad 

Oglethorpe University has long recognized the importance of fostering in- 
ternational understanding among its students and faculty. Oglethorpe's com- 
mitment to internationalism, to the promotion of international understanding, 
and to the creation of an international environment on campus has been greatly 
enhanced in recent years by a series of international exchange agreements with 
partner institutions in other countries. These have blossomed into a growing 
global network of contact between the students and faculty of Oglethorpe 
University and pcirticipating institutions in Europe, Asia, and South America. 

With agreements for international partnership in place, and with other 
arrangements on the horizon, Oglethorpe has developed the beginning of an 
entire network of personalized relationships with partners. In 1988, which saw 
the University's first partnership with an institution abroad, there began a 
propitious year for international understanding on the Oglethorpe campus. The 
opportunity for Oglethorpe students to study abroad with their peers in other 
countries and to meet students from these sister institutions on the Oglethorpe 
campus has added a new dimension to the curriculum and life of the University. 



96 j 



Partner Institutions 




Argentina 


(Buenos Aires) 


Universidad de Belgrano 




(Buenos Aires) 


Universidad del Salvador 


France 


(Verdun) 


LyceeJ.A. Margueritte 




(Lille) 


Universite Catholique de Lille 


Germany 


(Dortmund) 


Universitat Dortmund 


Japan 


(Tokyo) 


Seigakuin University 


Netherlands 


(The Hague) 


Haagse Hogeschool 


Monaco 




University of Southern Europe 



In addition, Oglethorpe students may study abroad at a recognized, accred- 
ited university or through a program sponsored by an American college or uni- 
versity which awards credit from the home institution. Oglethorpe advisers who 
specialize in the international studies field can acquaint students with programs 
at these institutions and with a wide variety of additional overseas study abroad 
programs. 

Students who wish to apply for financial assistance should contact 
Oglethorpe's Director of Financial Aid early in the pursuit of a study abroad 
program in order to determine available funds for such an experience. 

For additional information contact the Coordinator for International Studies, 
Oglethorpe University, 4484 Peachtree Road N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797. 



Interdisciplinary Courses 



lOlL Fresh Focus 1 hour 

This class is required for all entering first-year students and is a small group 
activity also involving selected volunteer upperclass students and faculty. Students 
select a class from among numerous topics with experiential and interactive as 
well as academic features. The instructor of this class serves as the student's 
adviser during the first year. The first meeting of each Fresh Focus group is 
during new student orientation. The members of each group then meet for the 
first half of the semester to pursue their chosen topic and share related 
experiences. During the same period new students also will choose from a menu 
of 50-minute workshops on aspects of general subject areas, including leader- 
ship, health and wellness, careers, skills for academic success, and open houses 
in the academic divisions. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. 

2011. Team Teaching for Critical Thinking 1 hour 

Student mentors assist faculty instructors in planning and teaching the special 
topics sessions of Fresh Focus or other freshman-level courses. They participate 
in training meetings prior to the beginning of the course, communicate with 
entering freshmen over the summer, attend all classes in their Fresh Focus sec- 
tion, and assist with the advising of freshmen throughout their first year. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 



97 



2019. Seminar for Student Tutors 1 hour 

Peer tutors at the Academic Resource Center spend two hours per week 
assisting other students, individually or in groups, with course material, papers, 
and preparation for examinations. In addition, they participate one hour a week 
in support and training meetings with the ARC directors and with instructors 
of the courses in which they tutor; they discuss how to work with texts in differ- 
ent disciplines, to encourage study group members to help each other learn, 
and to foster student engagement with active assimilation of course content and 
skills. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

3011. Interdisciplinary Studies: Special Topics 3 hours 

Courses that focus on materials and topics that are interdisciplinary in nature, 
transcending the boundaries of specific disciplines or academic divisions of the 
University, are offered under this rubric. Courses have included Bioethics, 
Environmental Science, Women's Studies: History, Women's Studies: Theory, 
Film and Society, The Literature and History of Immigrant and Minority Women 
in America, and Southern Women's Literature and History. 



98 



J 



University College 




Through a strategic planning process undertaken at the University in 1993, 
it was determined that an expanded program of educational opportunities for 
adult students should be developed. In the Fall Semester of 1996, the Division of 
Continuing Education, which has been offering degree programs as well as non- 
credit courses to adults in the metropolitan Atlanta area for several decades, was 
expanded and renamed University College. Included in the University College 
are undergraduate degree programs in liberal arts and business administration, 
graduate programs in education' and business administration', non-credit 
courses, and educational experiences designed to meet the specific needs of 
employers, organizations, and members of vocational groups. 

Mission: University College Undergraduate 
Degree Programs 

University College offers an undergraduate curriculum for the adult stu- 
dent that builds on the foundation of a liberal arts education and aims to en- 
hance students' skills in critical thinking, communication, and basic academic 
competencies. The underlying vision of the college reflects the two-fold philo- 
sophical and institutional mission of Oglethorpe University and its commit- 
ment to making a life and making a living. The degree requirements include 
general education requirements designed to assure that each graduate acquires 
a broad, comprehensive liberal education. In addition, study in a major field 
and the integration of theory and practice provide educational experiences which 
develop the student's chosen career. The total experience is designed to be of 
lasting benefit as a source for personal growth, professional renewal, and career 
advancement. 

Admission to University College as an 
Undergraduate Degree-Seeking Student, 
Full-Time or Part-Time 

In order to be admitted as a regular undergraduate degree student in the 
University College, a student should: 

1. Be at least 21 years of age. 

2. Have graduated from high school or have passed the General Education 
Development (GED) test. 

3. Provide transcripts from all colleges attended and have at least a 2.3 
cumulative grade-point average on all college work attempted in the last 
two years. 



' For information on the Master of Arts in Early Childhood Education and the 
Master of Arts in Middle Grades Education, please refer to the Division VI 
Education - Undergraduate and Graduate section of this Bulletin. 

^ For information on the Master of Arts in Business Administration, contact the 
Office of Graduate Admission. See Application Procedure below in this section. 

100 



English Language Proficiency 



All students from countries where English is not the native language must 
demonstrate English language proficiency to be considered for admission. English 
lamguage proficiency must be demonstrated in at least one of the following four 
ways: 

1. Complete level 109 from an ELS, Inc. language center. 

2. Score a minimum of 525 on the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign 
Language). 

3. Score 400 or more on the verbal section of the International Scholastic 
Assessment Test. 

4. Have a combined 2.5 grade-point average with no grade below a "C" in 
two English composition courses from an AACRAO (American 
Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers) accredited 
college or university. 

Admission as a Transfer Student 

Please refer to Transfer Students and Transfer Policies in the Admission 
section of this Bulletin. 

Admission as a Transient Student 

Please refer to Transient Students in the Admission section of this Bulletin. 

Admission as a Special Student 

Students who wish to take a limited number of courses for a special purpose 
or who would like to try college before committing to a degree program may 
apply as a special student. A special student may take up to five courses without 
having to provide transcripts from high school or other colleges previously 
attended. AH courses taken as a special student can be transferred to another 
college or be applied to an Oglethorpe degree program. 

In order to be admitted as a special student in the University College 
undergraduate program, a student should: 

1. Be at least 21 years of age. 

2. Have graduated from high school or have passed the General Education 
Development (GED) test. 

3. Be eligible to return to any college or university which he or she has 
attended in the last two years. 

4. Demonstrate English language proficiency if he or she is an interna- 
tional student. (Please see English Language Proficiency above for details 
concerning this requirement.) 



Credit by Examination 



Please refer to Credit by Examination in the Admission section of this Bulletin. 



101 



Non-Degree Program 



University College serves as the University's community service arm, pro- 
viding non-credit courses for adults. Non-credit programs include the Learn 
and Live series for personal enrichment, the Certified Financial Planner Program, 
and a variety of short computer courses offered in University College's computer 
instructional facility. 



Application Procedure 



All correspondence concerning admission to undergraduate programs and 
non-credit classes should be addressed to University College, Oglethorpe 
University, 4484 Peachtree Road, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30319-2797; telephone: 
(404) 364-8383; fax: (404) 364-8437. 

All correspondence concerning admission to the graduate programs should 
be addressed to Director of Graduate Admission, University College, Oglethorpe 
University, 4484 Peachtree Road, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30319-2797; telephone: 
(404) 364-8314; fax: (404) 364-8500. 

In order to be considered for admission a prospective student should com- 
plete and return an Application for Admission as a Degree-Seeking Student to 
the University College along with a non-refundable application fee of $25. A 
high school transcript or GED scores are required for beginning freshmen. In 
the case of transfer students, original transcripts need to be sent directly from 
each college or university attended to University College at Oglethorpe University. 

Graduation Requirements - Undergraduate 
Degrees 

To earn a baccalaureate degree from University College, the following 
requirements must be met: 

1. Completion of 120 semester hours of course credit with an Oglethorpe 
cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 or higher. A minimum of 45 
semester hours must be earned through course work at Oglethorpe. 

2. Completion at Oglethorpe of 30 of the last 60 semester hours of course 
credit immediately preceding graduation. 

3. Completion of the general education distribution requirements, described 
below. 

4. Completion of major field requirements, with at least 15 semester hours 
in the major taken at Oglethorpe. 

General Education Distribution 
Requirements For All University College 
Undergraduate Degrees 

The General Education Distribution Requirement consists of a total of 10 
courses. Any course used to meet the general education distribution require- 
ment cannot be used to fulfill a major requirement. 

102 



Writing: 

C191 Analytical Writing 
History - Both of the following: 

C211 Foundations of the West 

C212 The West and the Modern World 
Social and Behavioral Sciences - Two of the following: 

C462 Psychological Inquiry 

1222 Introduction to Politics 

1471 Introduction to Sociology 

1521 Introduction to Economics 

3471 Cultural Anthropology 
Humanities, Fine Arts - Any three of the following, with a limit of two literature 
courses: 

C131 Music and Culture 

C161 Philosophical Conceptions of Reality and Human Life 

CI 81 Art and Culture 

2147 Contemporary Theatre and Film 

A choice of any literature course(s) 
Natural Sciences and Quantitative - Two of the following: 

C351 Natural Science: The Physical Sciences 

C352 Natural Science: The Biological Sciences 

1333 Applied Calculus or 1335 Calculus I 

2338 Statistics 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming in Pascal 



Majors and Degrees 



Business Administration Major - Bachelor of Business Administration Degree 

(B.B.A.) 

To satisfy the requirements for this major, a student must complete the 
following courses with a grade of "C or better in each: 

1333 Applied Calculus or 1335 Calculus I 

1510 Business Law I 

1521 Introduction to Economics 

2338 Statistics 

2519 Management Science 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

2560 Principles of Management: Understanding the Organizational 

Context of Leadership 
3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 
3510 Managerial Finance 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 
3550 Marketing 

4569 Strategic Management 
In addition, three advanced (3000- or 4000-level) courses in business, 
accounting, economics, or computer science must be taken, plus two advanced 



103 



(usually 3000- or 4000- level) courses must be taken outside the Division of 
Economics and Business Administration. Courses not included as advanced 
courses are 3523, 3524, 3527, 4526, 4527, 4534, 4539, and 4590. 

Accounting Major - Bachelor of Business Administration Degree (B.B.A.) 

To satisfy the requirements for this major, a student must complete the 
following courses with a grade of "C" or better in each: 
1333 Applied Calculus or 1335 Calculus I 

1510 Business Law I 

1521 Introduction to Economics 

2338 Statistics 

2519 Management Science 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

2560 Principles of Management: Understanding the Organizational 

Context of Leadership 
3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 
3510 Managerial Finance 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 
3550 Marketing 

4569 Strategic Management 
Two advamced (usually 3000- or 4000- level) courses must be taken outside 
the Division of Economics and Business Administration. 
In addition, a student must complete: 

1511 Business Law II 

3532 Intermediate Accounting I 

3533 Intermediate Accounting II 

3534 Cost and Managerial Accounting 

3535 Income Tax Accounting: Individuals 

4535 Advanced Accounting 
4537 Auditing 

And one of the following: 

3536 Income Tax Accounting: Corporations, Partnerships, Estates and 

Trusts 

4536 Accounting Control Systems 

4539 Development of Accounting Theory 

Organizational Management Major - Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies Degree 

(B.A. in Liberal Studies) 

The organizational management major is designed to prepare students for 
careers in management, human resource development, and the applied social 
sciences. This program is appropriate for individuals interested in human 
resource management or administration positions in either the public or private 
sector of the economy. The curriculum consists of six business administration 
courses and four courses in the behavioral sciences as follows: 

1521 Introduction to Economics 

2338 Statistics 

2464 Organizational Psychology 

104 



2473 Social Psychology 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

2560 Principles of Management: Understanding the Organizational 

Context of Leadership 

3463 Psychological Testing 

3550 Marketing 

Psychology Major - Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies Degree (B.A. in Liberal 
Studies) 

To satisfy the requirements for this major, a student must complete the 
following courses: 

C352 Natural Science: The Biological Sciences - Human Biology 

C462 Psychological Inquiry 

2338 Statistics 

3150 Introduction to Linguistics or an upper level philosophy course 

3461 Research Design 

3463 Psychological Testing 

4461 History and Systems of Psychology 

Five additional psychology courses beyond Psychological Inquiry 

Humanities Major - Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies Degree (B.A. in Liberal 
Studies) 

This major includes the disciplines of English, philosophy, art, music, 
communications, writing, and foreign languages. To satisfy the requirements of 
this major, a student must complete at least one course from five of the seven 
disciplines just named. In addition, a concentration of five additional courses 
in either English, art, communications, or writing must be completed. 

Social Science Major - Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies Degree (B.A. in 
Liberal Studies) 

This major includes the disciplines of economics, history, politics, psychology, 
and sociology. To satisfy the requirements of this major, a student must com- 
plete at least one course from all five of the disciplines just named. In addition, 
a concentration of five additional courses in either economics, history, politics, 
psychology, or sociology must be completed. 

Administration Major - Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies (B.A. in Liberal 
Studies) 

The course work for this major includes accounting, business administra- 
tion, economics, and computer science. It is designed to prepare students for 
careers in management, public administration, and general business. 

To satisfy the requirements for this major, a student must complete the 
following classes: 

1510 Business Law I 

1521 Introduction to Economics 

2338 Statistics 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software or 
demonstrate proficiency in this subject matter 



105 



2560 Principles of Management: Understanding the Organizational 

Context of Leadership 
3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 
3510 Managerial Finance 
3550 Principles of Marketing 
In addition, two electives in different fields of business administration, 
economics, or accounting must be completed. 

Communications Major - Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies Degree (B.A. in 
Liberal Studies) 

To satisfy the requirements for this major, a student must complete the 
following courses: 

1151 Public Speaking I 

2190 Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 

2191 Intermediate Writing: Investigation 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

3151 Journalism Workshop 

3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

Two literature courses selected from upper-level (3000 or 4000) offerings 
Five courses selected from the following: 

1152 Public Speaking II 

1185 Introduction to Photography 

2473 Social Psychology 

3150 Introduction to Linguistics 

3152 Broadcast Media 

3192 Creative Writing 

3193 Biography and Autobiography 
3464 Psychology of Leadership 
3552 Marketing Communications 

4158 Special Topics in Communications 

4159 Internship - Communications 
4190 Independent Study in Writing 
4198 Special Topics in Writing 

Also required for this major is the selection of a minor which supports the 
student's career plans. 

Fees and Costs 

For a listing of University College charges, please see the Tuition and Costs 
section of this Bulletin. 



106 



Division I 

Humanities 




The Division of Humanities includes the disciphnes of art, music, hterature, 
foreign languages, philosophy, communications, theatre, and writing. What unites 
these fields in a single academic division is their roots in the Humanist move- 
ment of the Renaissance, with its interest in the intellectual, moral, and artistic 
creativity of human beings. Among these disciplines, majors at Oglethorpe are 
offered in art, communications, literature, and philosophy; minors are offered 
in art, literature, French, music, philosophy, Spanish, theatre, and writing. 

None of these areas of study is intended as vocational training for a specific 
profession. The aim is rather to produce the humane generalist with the skills 
and flexibility that are needed to be able to choose from a wide range of career 
paths. 

American Studies 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in American 
Studies, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this 
Bulletin. 

Art 

The art program offers courses in art history and studio work to enhance 
the student's appreciation of works of art and to develop skills in a variety of 
media. The program is unique in its emphasis on realism which is achieved 
through the development of classical fundamentals in all studio courses. Studio 
courses stress concentration and self-discipline leading to eventual self-expression. 
The student who takes even one course as an elective can learn to draw, paint, or 
sculpt from reality while gaining confidence through understanding the basic 
concepts that create the illusion of reality. 

This program provides an in-depth understanding of art and its traditional 
principles and theories. Principles of Accounting I is strongly suggested enabling 
the art major upon graduation to have a practical education for immediate 
entrance into the arts. Several career options include professional artist (painter, 
draughtsman, photographer), art historian, or museum administrator. A gradu- 
ate will be prepared well for entering any of the art professions or graduate 
school. 

Artist-In-Residence 

Oglethorpe has originated an International Artist-in-Residence Program 
which enables an artist to create on campus for a semester. Each student has the 
opportunity to meet and discuss art and ideas with a professional practicing 
artist from another culture. The selected artist has a working space in the Faith 
Hall studio and has specific studio hours during the week when he or she is 
available to converse and share with the students and the public. The artist will 
have his or her work exhibited in the Oglethorpe University Museum. 

Major 

Requirements for the major in art include two drawing courses; three paint- 
ing courses; Ways of Seeing: Perception, Composition, and Color; Modern Art 
History; two upper-level art history courses; Anatomy for the Artist; Figure Draw- 
ing; and Introduction to Photography. 

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The Scientific Illustration Track with Biological Science Emphasis and the 
Scientific Illustration Track with Physical Science Emphasis are two programs 
which enable the student to combine art major requirements and specific science 
courses. These programs fulfill admission requirements for graduate school 
programs in medical and scientific illustration. Graduate experience is necessary 
to qualify for employment in these areas. 

Minor 

To minor in art one must concentrate in one of four areas: painting, art 
history, photography, or drawing. 

For a minor in painting, a student must take three painting courses, two 
drawing courses, one art history course, and one photography course. 

For a minor in art history, a student must take three art history courses, one 
photography course, one drawing course, one painting course, and an addi- 
tional course in painting, drawing or photography. 

For a minor in photography, a student must take three photography courses, 
two drawing courses, one painting course, and one art history course. 

For a minor in drawing, a student must take three drawing courses, two 
painting courses, one art history course, and one photography course. 

Upon consultation with art faculty, a student may substitute an independent 
study or special topics course for one of the requirements where appropriate. 

C181. Art and Culture 3 hours 

This course surveys the creative ways that human beings throughout history 
have attempted to depict their relationships to their surroundings. Art is thus 
viewed as a barometer of civilization, a visual, creative response to the intellec- 
tual and emotional climate of a given moment in history. Students will examine 
present ways of understanding themselves and the universe, the evolution of 
that understanding, and the conflicts involved. Basic artistic principles and 
concepts also will be studied in an effort to decide what has artistic value. 
Recommended for junior or senior year but should precede studio art courses. 

1182. Introduction to Drawing 3 hours 

Studio exercises, in-studio lectures, outside assignments, and critiques are 
designed to develop a basic understanding of drawing. Projects will be designed 
to explore concepts and theories of drawing and to develop the bridge between 
observation and creating an image. 

1183. Introduction to Painting 3 hours 

Studio exercises, in-studio lectures, outside assignments, and critiques are 
designed to develop a fuller understanding of the technical aspects of oil paint- 
ing. A study of composition, color, drawing, and expression will be included. 
Emphasis will be on the development of a personal direction and self-confidence 
in painting. 

1185. Introduction to Photography 3 hours 

Laboratory exercises, in-class lectures, critiques and assignments are designed 
to develop an understanding of all aspects of photography, including composi- 
tion and self expression. Emphasis will be on development of technical skills 
and a personal direction in photography. 

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2181. Special Topics in Art History 3 hours 

An in-depth analysis of specific historical art periods will stress how major 
artists and trends were influenced by their times. Discussion of important events 
and ideas of significant individuals of the period will serve to provide the neces- 
sary background for a thorough comprehension of social and intellectual sources 
of art. Prerequisite: C181. 

2182. Independent Study in Drawing 3 hours 

Individual instruction in drawing techniques. Prerequisite: Permission of 
the instructor. 

2183. Independent Study in Painting 3 hours 

Individual instruction in painting techniques. Prerequisite: Permission of 
the instructor. 

2184. Modern Art History 3 hours 

An in-depth analysis of the art of the 19th and 20th centuries, stressing how 
major trends and major artists were influenced by their times. The course will 
begin with the advent of the Industrial Revolution and continue to the present. 
It wdll focus on the art and ideas of Ingres, Manet, Monet, Van Gogh, Gauguin, 
Cezanne, Picasso, Matisse, Dali, and Warhol. Prerequisite: C181. 

2185. Figure Drawing 3 hours 

An introductory drawing course covering the main concepts necessary for 
drawing the human figure: major anatomical surface landmarks, planar struc- 
ture, proportion, mass, and volume. Students will work from both the clothed 
and the nude model. 

3180. Special Topics in Studio 3 hours 

Studio exercises, in-studio lectures, outside assignments, and critiques are 
designed to develop a basic understanding of various media, including sculpture, 
figure drawing, and various specialties of Artists-in-Residence. 

3181. Ways of Seeing: Perception, Composition, and Color 3 hours 

This course provides hands-on experience in understanding the visual world 
through the study of colors, two-dimensional design, and composition through 
the act of drawing, painting, and photography. 

3182. Anatomy for the Artist 3 hours 

Students will study the human skeletal system, musculature, proportion, 
zmd surface landmarks, and will draw from the live model. 

4181. Internship - Art 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 
a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 



110 



business organizations, governmental departments and agencies or in other pro- 
fessional settings. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 



Dual Degree in Art 



Students seeking a broadly based educational experience involving the types 
of programs generally found at a college of arts and sciences as well as the 
specialized training offered by a professional college may wish to consider the 
dual degree program in art. Oglethorpe University and The Atlanta College of 
Art offer a joint program for students interested in a career in the visual arts. In 
this program, the student enrolls at Oglethorpe for two years, completes 61 
semester hours of work, including the core requirements, and then enrolls at 
The Atlanta College of Art. The dual degree program requires four regular 
academic years plus some summer courses. 

The student is required to complete three credit hours in Art and Culture 
and at least 12 credit hours in studio electives at Oglethorpe. Upon successful 
completion of all of the core requirements plus the aforementioned art courses, 
the student enrolls at The Atlanta College of Art and completes 75 credit hours 
in studio and art history courses. Placement in studio courses is dependent on a 
portfolio review. 

Upon completion of the joint program, the student receives the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts from Oglethorpe and the degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts from 
The Atlanta College of Art. Students participating in the dual degree program 
must meet the entrance requirements of both institutions. Dual degree students 
are advised at Oglethorpe by a faculty member in the field of visual arts. 
Note: Dual-degree students in art and engineering may not use Oglethorpe 
financial aid assistance to attend other institutions. 



Communications 



A program in communications prepares students to express themselves 
effectively in speech and in writing. It encourages students to examine their own 
modes of communication and to analyze the communication of others, from 
individual utterances to mass media coverage. 

Graduates in communications generally go on to careers in journalism, public 
relations, advertising, mass media, corporate communications, and related fields. 
They also are prepared for further study in journalism or communications. 

All communications majors must also complete a minor course of study in 
any other discipline of their choice to enable them to apply their communication 
skills to a specific body of knowledge and to enhance employment possibilities. 

Although an internship is not required for the major, it is strongly 
recommended. 



Major 

The following courses are required: 
1151 Public Speaking I 

2190 Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 

2191 Intermediate Writing: Investigation 



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3151 Journalism Workshop 

3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

One year of a foreign language at the elementary level (or the equivalent 
determined through testing) 
Five courses selected from the follovdng: 
1152 Public Speaking 11 
1185 Introduction to Photography 
2473 Social Psychology 
3150 Introduction to Linguistics 

3152 Broadcast Media 

3192 Creative Writing 

3193 Biography and Autobiography 
3464 Psychology of Leadership 
3552 Marketing Communications 

4158 Special Topics in Communications 

4159 Internship - Communications 
4190 Independent Study in Writing 
4198 Special Topics in Writing 

Also required for the major is the selection of a minor which supports 
the student's career plans. 

1151, 1152. Public Speaking I, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

These courses seek to develop skills in the techniques of effective public 
speaking. The format is designed to produce a poised, fluent, and articulate 
student by actual experience, which will include the preparation and delivery of 
formal and informal talks on approved subjects. 

3150. Introduction to Linguistics 3 hours 

A study of the history of the English language, the rules of traditional gram- 
mar, and current linguistic theory. Special attention is paid to the relationship 
between language and cognition, theories of language acquisition, and the dia- 
lects of American English. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: C191. 

3151. Journalism Workshop 3 hours 

This course is a hands-on workshop involving the writing and publication 
of a campus newspaper, newsletter, or newsmagazine. It can be repeated by 
students for elective credit up to six hours but can only count once toward the 
communications major or the writing minor. Prerequisite: 2191 or permission 
of the instructor. 

3152. Broadcast Media 3 hours 

This course is a hands-on workshop involving the writing and production of 
radio and/or television programs. It will introduce students to the practical 
problems involved in broadcast production, as well as raise theoretical questions 
and concerns about the use of media in the 1990s. Prerequisite: A writing or 
communications course beyond Analytical Writing. 



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4158. Special Topics in Communications 3 hours 

This course will examine selected topics in journalism, communications, or 
media studies, such as The New Journalism, Mass Media and Popular Culture, 
Media and Marginalized Cultures, War Reporting, or Gender and Communica- 
tion. Prerequisite: A writing or communications course beyond Analytical 
Writing. 

4159. Internship - Communications 1-6 hours 

This course will provide students with the opportunity to gain hands-on 
experience in some aspect of the communications industry at, for instance, CNN, 
The Carter Center, or the Atlanta bureau of The New York Times. Graded on a 
satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty 
supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 



English 



In literature courses, students examine written works to determine their 
meaning, to reach judgments about their value, to explore their relation to life, 
and to derive pleasure. To these ends, students make written and oral analyses, 
supporting their conclusions with close examination of specific passages from 
the works of literature being studied. In both literature and writing courses, 
students learn to compose their generalizations and supporting details into a 
coherent structure of thought and language. 

An English major at Oglethorpe is excellent preparation for law school or 
any other professional training that requires students to interpret written mate- 
rial and support their assertions with specific evidence. Given the expressed 
need in the business community for people who can communicate well orally 
and on paper, the combination of an English major and courses in business 
administration or an accounting minor may be very attractive to prospective 
employers. The course Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions fo- 
cuses on the kinds of speaking and writing abilities graduates will need to get 
and keep jobs in personnel, sales, and management. Oglethorpe graduates also 
work in public relations and editing, where they use their skill with words — a 
major emphasis of every English course. They go into teaching, and sometimes 
work for publishers, television stations, film-making companies, or computer 
firms. They write press releases, training manuals, in-house newspapers, and 
news copy. 

To help students bridge the gap between academic life and work experience, 
Oglethorpe places English majors in internships with area newspapers, publishing 
companies, public relations firms, cultural associations, and radio and televi- 
sion stations. Such experiences enhance students' chances of finding the jobs 
they want after graduation. 

Major 

Students who major in English are required to take Ancient and Medieval 
Literature — Homer to 1400; The Renaissance — 1400 to 1670; The Enlightenment 
and the Response of Romanticism — 1670 to 1815; Romantic and Victorian 
Literature — 1815 to 1890; and Modernism — 1890 to 1945. Students also are 



113 



required to take one writing course beyond Analytical Writing; Shakespeare or 
Chaucer; and six electives from the upper-level (3000 and 4000) literature courses. 

Minor 

Students who minor in English are required to take a minimum of six of the 
literature courses listed below. At least three of these must be upper-level (3000 
and 4000) courses. Core requirements must be met with courses other than the 
courses in a student's English minor. 

1123. Independent Study in Literature and Composition 3 hours 

Supervised study in specified genres or periods. Papers use several differ- 
ent rhetorical strategies. 

2121. Ancient and Medieval Literature — Homer to 1400 3 hours 

This course will trace the development of the self in early Western culture, 
that is, the broad movement from the socially constructed and masculine cen- 
tered self of ancient Greek aristocracy to the introspective impulse of medieval 
confession. Although the primary focus will be Western, non-Western materials 
might also be included. For instance, Islamic culture might be examined in its 
own context and for its considerable influence on the West. Works and authors 
might include: Gilgamesh, Homer, Job, Plato, Qur'an, The Tale of Genji, Dante, 
and Chaucer. Prerequisite: C191. 

2122. The Renaissance - 1400 to 1670 3 hours 

This course will examine the European Renaissance not simply as the 
emergence of the individual but as the turbulent attempt to recover and to 
create meaning amidst the wreckage of medieval order and the resulting 
destabilization of self and culture. Authors might include: Pico della Mirandola, 
Alberti, Erasmus, Machiavelli, Rabelais, Montaigne, Shakespeare, Cervantes, and 
Milton. Prerequisites: C191 and 2121. 

2123. The Enlightenment and the Response of Romanticism — 

1670 to 1815 3 hours 

This course will examine the development of the major literary genres of 
the Enlightenment. The urbane balance of neo-classical poetry and drama, the 
rise of the novel, and satire will be studied along with the interests of the early 
romantics in imagination, nature, and self-examination. Authors might include: 
Racine, Defoe, Pope, Montesquieu, Swift, Crevecoeur, Rousseau, Wordsworth, 
and Austen. Prerequisite: C191. 

2124. Romantic and Victorian Literature - 1815 to 1890 3 hours 

This course will explore the literature of Europe and America during the 
19th century as it reflects the growth of industrialism, the expansion of America, 
European imperialism, the emergence of women, and the breakdown of religious 
certitude. Authors might include: Blake, Bronte, Emerson, Mill, Douglas, Flaubert, 
Eliot, and James. Prerequisites: C191 and 2123. 



114 



2125. Modernism- 1890 to 1945 3 hours 

This course will examine the rich and varied attempts to reconstruct a 
narrative, dramatic, and poetic form representative of the complexities of the 
modern social world and the modern psychological subject. Authors might 
include: Conrad, Nietzsche, Freud, Beckett, Brecht, Woolf, Eliot, Stravinsky, and 
Joyce. Prerequisite: C191. 

2126. Contemporary Literature — 1945 to the Present 3 hours 

This course will engage the multitude of new voices which have emerged in 
the second half of the 20th century. Of particular interest will be magical real- 
ism, feminist literature, self-conscious narrative, parody, and the absurd. Authors 
might include: Camus, Borges, Morrison, Rich, Nabokov, Silko, Kundera, 
I*ynchon, Achebe, and Mishima. Prerequisites: C191 and 2125. 

3120. Russian Literature 3 hours 

This course will consist of Russian literature in translation (that which 
survives translation), mostly fiction, mostly from the 19th century. Central to 
the course is Anna Karenina. Typical authors in addition to Tolstoy will include 
Gogol, Turgenev, Chekhov, Solzhenitsyn. Prerequisites: One semester of any 
year-long sophomore literature course. 

3122. The Child in Literature 3 hours 

This course will involve a wide-ranging study of works which employ 
innocence, particularly in childhood, in order to deepen the understanding of 
experience. Typical readings will include Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus; and 
selections from Blake, Wordsworth, Freud, Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland, 
James' The Turn of the Screw, and Kafka's The Judgment. Prerequisite: One semes- 
ter of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3123. Shakespeare 3 hours 

The plays and theatre of William Shakespeare. Offered in alternate yejirs. 
Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3124. 3125. Studies in Drama I, H 3 plus 3 hours 

Drama as literature and as genre, through survey and period studies. 
Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3126, 3127. Studies in Poetry I, H 3 plus 3 hours 

Courses which examine the method and effects of poetry by focusing on 
particular poets, movements, styles, or historical periods. Prerequisite: One 
semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3128, 3129. Studies in Fiction 1, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

English, American, and continental narrative prose will be examined in the 
context of either a particular theme or an intensive concentration on a particu- 
lar period or type, such as Bildungsroman, or the Victorian novel. Prerequisite: 
One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 



115 



4120. American Poetry 3 hours 

This course will consider the work of major American poets such as Whitman, 
Dickinson, Frost, Wallace Stevens, T.S. Eliot, William Carlos Williams, as well as 
a number of contemporary ones, in the context of their lives and their coun- 
tries. Analytical and creative written exercises will explore their efforts to find 
an emotional and spiritual home in America. Prerequisite: One semester of any 
year-long sophomore literature course. 

4121, 4122. Special Topics in Literature and Culture I, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

Courses relating literature with aspects of social and intellectual history or 
a particular issue or theme. Possible offerings may include women in literature, 
American civilization, African-American (or other ethnic) literature, popular 
culture, the literature of a single decade, children's literature, and myth and 
folklore in literature. Usually offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: One semester 
of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

4123, 4124. Major British and American Authors I, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

An intensive study of between one and five English and/or American writers. 
Usually offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long 
sophomore literature course. 

4125. Images of Women in Literature 3 hours 

An exploration of various stereotypical, archetypal, and realistic images of 
women in literature. Readings by both men and women authors will include 
short stories, novels, poetry, and plays. Prerequisite: One semester of any year- 
long sophomore literature course. 

4126. Chaucer 3 hours 

Students in this course will learn to read and appreciate the works of Geoffrey 
Chaucer, the first great English poet, in his original language; to enjoy the rich 
and varied nature of his works; and to appreciate why he is called "the Father of 
English." Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature 
course, preferably 2123. 

4127. The Literature of King Arthur and Camelot 3 hours 

This course will acquaint students with the medieval origins of the Arthurian 
legends, the best of the contemporary versions of the legends, and the origins 
and nature of change effected in legends over time. Prerequisite: One semester 
of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

4129. Internship — English 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negoti- 
ate a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperat- 
ing business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings: for instance, the Atlanta Historical Society, Atlanta 



116 



newspapers and television stations, and the Atlanta Botanical Garden. Graded 
on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty 
supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 



Foreign Languages 



Students must take a language proficiency examination on the day of regis- 
tration or the first day of class. They will be placed in the course sequence 
according to their competence. Foreign students are not eligible to enroll in 
elementary and intermediate courses in their primary language. 

3104, 3105. Special Topics in Foreign Language, Literature, 

and Culture I, U 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which topical aspects of the litera- 
ture jmd cultural phenomena associated with a given language are explored. 

French 

A minor in French consists of the following courses: Intermediate French, 
Advanced French Conversation, and Advanced French Composition. Two other 
courses selected from the following list also are required: 

3173 Special Topics in French Language, Literature, and Culture 

4170 French Literature of the Ancien Regime 

4171 Modern French Literature 

4172 The Third Republic and Its Institutions 

4173 The Fifth Republic and Its Institutions 

4174 Franco-American Relations in Trade and Culture 

Certain requirements may be met through an approved study abroad 
program. Students pursuing a minor in French are encouraged to spend a sum- 
mer or semester studying in France or a French-speaking country. For a listing 
of foreign institutions and programs with which Oglethorpe has exchange agree- 
ments and affiliations, please see International Exchange Partnerships/Study 
Abroad in the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this Bulletin. 

1170, 1171. Elementary French I, H 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning college French designed to present a sound founda- 
tion in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing contemporary French. 
Prerequisite: None for 1170; 1170 required for 1171, or placement by testing. 

2170. Intermediate French 3 hours 

A review of major points of grammar as well as further practice in developing 
oral and written skills. Introduction to a variety of unedited French texts. 
Prerequisite: 1171 or placement by testing. 

3170. Advanced French Conversation 3 hours 

The development of oral skills through practice in group settings and 
individual class presentations. Students will learn to express themselves orally 
on a number of different topics. Prerequisites: 1171 and 2170, or placement by 
testing. 



117 



3171. Advanced French Composition 3 hours 

Weekly writing assignments in French to be revised on a regular basis form 
the central activity of the course. A study of style and grammatical forms used 
exclusively in the written language completes the course work. Prerequisites: 
1171 and 2170, or placement by testing. 

3173. Special Topics in French Language, Literature, 

and Culture 3 hours 

A course in which topical aspects of the literature and cultural phenomena 
associated with the French language are explored. Offerings will vary according 
to faculty and student interest. 

4170. French Literature of the Ancien Regime 3 hours 

Selected texts from French literature prior to 1789 to be studied as examples 
of prose, poetry, and drama in the language. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 
1171 and 2170, or placement by testing. 

4171. Modern French Literature 3 hours 

Selected texts from French literature from 1789 to the present day to be 
studied as examples of prose, poetry, and drama in the language. Taught in 
French. Prerequisites: 1171 and 2170, or placement by testing. 

4172. The Third Republic and Its Institutions 3 hours 

A study of both political and cultural institutions in France from 1870 to 
1940 with emphasis on the traditions established by the new republican govern- 
ment in the late 19th century. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 1171 and 2170, 
or placement by testing. 

4173. The Fifth Republic and Its Institutions 3 hours 

A study of both political and cultural institutions in contemporary France 
since the establishment of the present governing form in 1958. Emphasis on 
current issues under debate in France. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 1171 
and 2170, or placement by testing. 

4174. Franco-American Relations in Trade and Culture 3 hours 

An orientation to French business and cultural communities and consider- 
ations of existing connections with their American counterparts. The course 
includes an introduction to business French. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 
1171 and 2170, or placement by testing. 

German 

1100, 1101. Elementary German I, 11 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning college German designed to develop the ability to 
understand, speak, read, and write contemporary German. Prerequisite: None 
for 1100; 1100 required for 1101, or placement by testing. 



118 



2100. Intermediate German I 3 hours 

Practice in speaking and understanding German, accompanied by review of 
grammar. Reading and discussion of short Uterary texts. Prerequisite: 1101 or 
placement by testing. 

2101. Intermediate German n 3 hours 

Continuation of Intermediate German I. Practice in spoken German with 
added emphasis on writing. Reading materials include both contemporary topics 
and selections from literature. Video-taped materials provide further acquaintance 
with German speakers and culture. Prerequisite: 2100 or placement by testing. 

3102, 3103. Special Topics in German Language, Literature, 

and Culture I, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which topical aspects of the literature 
and cultural phenomena associated with the German language are explored. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

For a listing of foreign institutions and programs with which Oglethorpe 
has exchange agreements and affiliations, please see International Exchange 
Partnerships/Study Abroad in the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section 
of this Bulletin. 

Japanese 

1106, 1107. Elementary Japanese I, IT 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning college Japanese designed to develop the ability to 
understand, speak, read, and write contemporary Japanese. Prerequisite: None 
for 1106; 1106 for 1107, or placement by testing. 

2106, 2107. Intermediate Japanese 1, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

These courses are a continuation of elementary Japanese, including vocabu- 
lary building, practice in writing Kana and Kan-Ji Chinese characters, and 
conversational exercises. Japanese manners are studied in class through use of 
the spoken language. Prerequisite: 1107 or permission of the instructor. 

3106, 3107. Special Topics in Japanese Language, Literature, 

and Culture I, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which topical aspects of the litera- 
ture and cultural phenomena associated with the Japanese language are explored. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

For a listing of foreign institutions and programs with which Oglethorpe 
has exchange agreements and affiliations, please see International Exchange 
Partnerships/Study Abroad in the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section 
of this Bulletin. 



119 



Latin 

1108, 1109. Elementary Latin I, 11 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning Latin designed to present a foundation in classical 
Latin grammar and syntax and to introduce students to Roman literature and 
history. Prerequisite: None for 1108; 1108 required for 1109, or placement by 
testing. 

3108, 3109. Special Topics in Latin Language, Literature, and 

Culture I, n 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which aspects of the literature and 
cultural phenomena associated with the Latin language are explored. Prerequisite: 
Permission of the instructor. 

Spanish 

A minor in Spanish consists of Elementary Spanish I and II and Intermedi- 
ate Spanish I and II. Three other courses selected from the following list are also 
required: 

3175 Advanced Spanish 

3177 Spanish for International Relations and Business 

3179 Special Topics in Hispanic Languages, Literatures, and Cultures 

4175 20th-century Spanish American Literature 

4176 The Development of Latin American Cultures 

4177 Political Violence in Spanish American Literature and Film 

4178 Visions of Spain: The Franco and Post-Franco Years in Literature 

and Film 
Certain requirements may be met through an approved study abroad 
program. Students pursuing a minor in Spanish are encouraged to spend a 
summer or semester studying in a Spanish-speaking country. For a listing of 
foreign institutions and programs with which Oglethorpe has exchange 
agreements and affiliations, please see International Exchange Partnerships/ 
Study Abroad in the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this Bulletin. 

1175, 1776. Elementary Spanish I, 11 4 plus 4 hours 

This course is an introduction to understanding, speaking, reading, and 
writing contemporary Spanish. Emphasis will be placed on listening 
comprehension and spoken Spanish through class activities, tapes, and videos. 
Prerequisite: None for 1175; 1175 required for 1776, or placement by testing. 

2175, 2176. Intermediate Spanish I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This course is intended to review basic grammar and develop more com- 
plex patterns of written and spoken Spanish. Short compositions and class 
discussions require active use of students' acquired knowledge of Spanish. In 
the second semester the focus shifts from grammar to reading. Short readings 
from Spanish/Spanish American literature, magazines, and newspapers form 
the basis for the expansion of vocabulary and analytical skills. Prerequisite: 1176 
for 2175; 2175 required for 2176, or placement by testing. 



120 



3175. Advanced Spanish ; 3 hours 

This course is designed to improve students' skills to a sophisticated level at 
which they are able to discuss information and express opinions in both oral 
and written form. Readings of newspapers, essays, and short-stories as well as 
film viewing in Spanish are used as the basis for discussion, introduction to 
cultural issues, and written expression. Frequent written assignments. 
Prerequisite: 2176 or placement by testing. 

3177. Spanish for International Relations and Business 3 hours 

In this course students will learn vocabulary appropriate to the world of 
international relations and business, and will be able to understand both oral 
and written material on relevant issues. Participation in discussions and 
interaction with guest Spanish speakers from the diplomatic and business com- 
munities of Atlanta will be stressed. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: 3175 or 
permission of the instructor. 

3179. Special Topics in Hispanic Languages, Literatures 

and Cultures 3 hours 

This course provides the opportunity to study particular aspects of the 
languages, literatures and cultures of Spain, Spanish America or United States 
Hispanic communities not covered in the other courses. This course may be 
repeated for credit as course contents change. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: 
3175 or permission of the instructor. 

4175. 20th-century Spanish American Literature 3 hours 

This is a study of Spanish American literature from the 1930s to the present, 
focusing on its departure from the Realist tradition and its adoption of 
experimentation, self-reflection, magfical realism and the fantastic. Modern and 
post-modern trends examined. Readings may include short-stories, novellas, and 
novels by such authors as Bombal, Borges, Carpentier, Bioy Casares, Fuentes, 
Cortazar, Garcia Marquez, Donoso and Puig. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequi- 
site: 3175 or permission of the instructor. 

4176. The Development of Latin American Cultures 3 hours 

This course introduces students to the diverse cultural heritage of Latin 
America through a variety of materials such as fiction, poetry, testimony, 
newspaper articles, essay, music, and film. Topics to be covered include the impact 
and consequences of the encounter between European, Native and African cul- 
tures in art, politics and religion. Special attention will be paid to manifestations 
of cultural syncretism and diversity from the times of the Spanish Conquest and 
colonization to the post-colonial polemics of cultural identity. Readings include 
texts by Pax, Neruda, Carpentier and Cardenal. Conducted in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: 3175 or permission of the instructor. 

4177. Political Violence in Spanish American Literature and Film 3 hours 

The social and political upheavals that took place in several Spanish American 
countries during the 20th century spawned the development of a rich literciry 
and cinematic corpus. This course studies fiction, poetry, essay and film dealing 
with revolt, revolution and repression in some of the following countries: Mexico, 

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Cuba, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Nicaragua, Guatemala and El Salvador. 
Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: 3175 or permission of the instructor. 

4178. Visions of Spain: The Franco and Post-Franco Years 

in Literature and Film 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to become acquainted with contemporary 
Spain, understanding the cultural changes that took place since the Spanish 
Civil War. Students will study novels, short-stories and essays, as well as manifes- 
tations of popular culture such as newspaper articles and films which raise some 
of the following issues: the Spanish Civil War and its effects on postwar Spain, 
exile and identity, regional nationalisms, Spain's relationship to Europe and 
Spanish America, and the questioning of the ideals and myths of Spanish society. 
Readings may include texts by Garcia Morales, Delibes, Cela, Rodoreda and 
Riera. Films by Suara, Almodovar, Erice and others. Conducted in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: 3175 or permission of the instructor. 

Music 

The music curriculum includes courses in music history, music theory, and 
performance. 

Minor 

To complete a minor in music a student must satisfy the following course 
requirements: 

2131 Music Theory I 

2132 Music Theory II 

2133 History of Music I 

2134 History of Music II 

3131 Music in the 20th Century: 1900-1950 or 

3132 Music in the 20th Century: 1950 to the Present 
A total of three semester hours of 1134 University Singers or 1136 Applied 
Instruction in Music also must be taken. 

C131. Music and Culture 3 hours 

The appreciation of music begins with an understanding of the creative 
process as a means of self-expression and the artist's relationship to the world. 
Using primary sources, guest lecturers, and artists, this course will examine the 
styles, trends, and developments of Western and international music from early 
civilizations through the 20th century. Study and discussion will begin to develop 
an understanding of how music and the cultural arts reflect and affect societal 
trends and values. 

1134. University Singers 1 hour 

Study and performance of sacred and secular choral music. The Oglethorpe 
University Chorale is auditioned from members of the University Singers. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 



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1135. Beginning Class Voice 1 hour 

An introduction to the basics of singing which includes posture, breath 
pressure, phonation, diction, tone, and intonation. A variety of easy vocal litera- 
ture will be studied and performed. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

1136. Applied Instruction in Music 1 hour 

The study and practice of techniques and literature on an individual basis. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

2131, 2132. Music Theory I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A study of the materials and structure of music, including notation, scales, 
keys, rhythm, chord structure, basic harmonic progressions, elementary compo- 
sition, sight-singing, and keyboard skills. 

2133, 2134. History of Music 1, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

A study of music with analyses of representative works from major historical 
periods. The first course covers the beginning of music through the Classical 
Period; the second course focuses on Beethoven and the Romantic Period. 
Prerequisite: C131 or permission of the instructor. 

3131. Music in the 20th Century: 1900-1950 3 hours 

A study of music in the first half of the 20th century with analysis of 
representative works and emphasis on its relationship to contemporary life and 
thought. Prerequisite: CI 31 or permission of the instructor. 

3132. Music in the 20th Century: 1950 to the Present 3 hours 

A study of music in the second half of the 20th century with analysis of 
representative works and with special emphasis on its relationship to contempo- 
rary life and thought. Prerequisite: C131 or permission of the instructor. 

4130. Special Topics in Music 3 hours 

The study of a selected topic in music, such as Censorship and the Arts, 
Women in Music, World Music, Black Composers, Music and the Media. 
Prerequisite: C131 or permission of the instructor. 

4131. Independent Study in Music 1-3 hours 

This course is supervised research on a selected project or paper. It provides 
students an opportunity to study and analyze in depth a specific musical style, 
composer, work, etc. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4135. Internship — Music 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negoti- 
ate a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperat- 
ing business organizations, governmental departments and agencies or in other 
professional settings: for instance, in a recording studio, in a company develop- 



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I 



ing software designed for musicians, or in merchandising. Graded on a 
satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty 
supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 



Philosophy 



Part of the mission statement of Oglethorpe University expresses intent 
that its graduates be "humane generalists" with the intellectual adaptability which 
is needed to function successfully in changing and often unpredictable job 
situations. The philosophy program at Oglethorpe University accomplishes this 
goal by fostering those abilities of critical thinking and intellectual flexibility 
required in virtually any professional career. 

Philosophy, in the broadest meaning of this term, is the attempt to think 
about the world and the place of human beings in this world. This activity is a 
response to "philosophical" questions which arise because the various areas of 
human life, such as science, art, morality, and religion, often do not seem to be 
intelligible in themselves or to fit with one another. When reference is made to 
"a philosophy," such as the philosophy of Plato or the philosophy of Descartes, 
an attempt is being made to tie everything together intellectually. A philosophical 
world view strives to take common sense beliefs plus awareness of morality, 
beauty, religious truth, the findings of science, and anything else which seems, 
initially at least, to be important and valid, and to combine them into a coherent 
vision of how reality is and how human beings should relate to it. 

The study of philosophy is a noble and worthwhile activity in its own right 
for the stimulation and enlightenment which it provides, quite apart from the 
intellectual skills which it imparts to students. While the majority of students 
who major in philosophy do not go on to graduate study in philosophy, it is 
important, nevertheless, that the philosophy program be effective at teaching 
students how to read and understand abstract and how to think critically and 
independently - to develop their views and to express their insights in clear, 
articulate spoken and written prose. Such skills are important for almost any 
profession and are especially useful for business and law. 

Major 

The philosophy major consists of 10 courses in addition to Philosophical 
Conceptions of Reality and Human Life (C161) and Intermediate Writing: 
Persuasion (2190). These courses must include Ethics, Formal Logic, Ancient 
Philosophy (for which, if necessary, either Plato or Aristotle may be substituted), 
and any two courses from Medieval Philosophy, Early Modern Philosophy, and 
19th-century Philosophy; plus five additional courses in philosophy. 

Minor 

The philosophy minor consists of six philosophy courses beyond Philosophi- 
cal Conceptions of Reality and Human Life. These courses must include either 
Ethics or Formal Logic; any two courses from Ancient Philosophy, Medieval 
Philosophy, Early Modern Philosophy, or 19th-century Philosophy; plus three 
other philosophy courses. 



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i 



C161. Philosophical Conceptions of Reality and 

Human Life 3 hours 

This course will study the writings of four major thinkers, each of whom has 
attempted to work out a unified vision of reality and the place of human beings 
in it. The philosophers to be studied will be chosen from different periods in 
history and from different intellectual and cultural traditions; they may include 
such figures as Socrates, St. Augustine, Confucius, and Nietzsche. Studying the 
philosophies of these different thinkers will encourage students to reflect upon 
how they themselves view the world and their place in it and upon how their 
own ways of thinking have evolved from earlier systems of thought. 

2160. Ancient Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the development of philosophical thought in the West prior to 
the rise of Christianity, from the beginning of non-mythological speculation 
around 500 B.C., through the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and 
the later Hellenistic period, to the Neoplatonism of Plotinus around 250 A.D. 
Prerequisite: C161. 

2161. Medieval Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of Christian philosophical thought in the West, from the 
development of Christian doctrine in the early centuries A.D. (including the 
contribution of Greek philosophy to early Christian thought), through the rise 
of Scholasticism and its culmination in St. Thomas, to the late medieval Christian 
thought of Scotus and Occam. Prerequisite: C161. 

2162. Early Modern Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of philosophy in the West from the Renaissance to 1800, including 
Renaissance Humanism and the Reformation, the rise of science and its impact 
on subsequent thought, the "rationalist" systems of Descartes, Spinoza, and 
Leibniz, the "empiricist" systems of Locke, Berkeley, and Hume, and the critical 
philosophy of Kant. Prerequisite: C161. 

2163. 19th-century Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of Western philosophy in the 19th century, from the post-Kantian 
movement of German Idealism (Hegel), through Continental and British political 
and moral philosophy, the scientific philosophies of Positivism and Social 
Darwinism, the religious/ anti-religious philosophies of Kierkegaard and 
Nietzsche, cmd American Pragmatism. Prerequisite: C161. 

2164. Formal Logic 3 hours 

Provides the student with the basic methods of differentiating between valid 
and invalid argument forms. Both the traditional techniques and the newer 
symbolic methods are introduced. Prerequisite: C161. 

2165. Ethics 3 hours 

A comparative study of the value systems of the past — those of Plato, 
Aristotle, Kant, Mill, and James among others — that may enable the student to 
arrive at a sense of obligation or responsibility. The implications of given systems 



125 



for the problems of vocation, marriage, economics, politics, war, and race also 
will be discussed. Prerequisite: C161. 

2166. Plato 3 hours 

A study of the philosophy of Plato through a reading of his major dialogues. 
In addition to the "Socratic" dialogues, readings will include the Phaedo, Phaedrus, 
Symposium, Republic, and Timaeus. Prerequisite: C161. 

2167. Aristotle 3 hours 

A study of the philosophy of Aristotle through a reading of his major works. 
Readings will include portions of the Logic, Physics, DeAnima, Metaphysics, and 
Nicomachean Ethics. Prerequisite: CI 61. 

3160. 20th-century Analytic Philosophy 3 hours 

A study of the analytic or linguistic movement in 20th-century philosophy 
as developed primarily in England and America. The course includes the 
philosophy of Bertrand Russell, logical positivism, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and 
the "ordinary language" philosophy of Austin and Ryle. Prerequisite: C161. 

3161. 20th-century European Philosophy 3 hours 

A study of European philosophy in the 20th century, including an interpre- 
tive and critical analysis of the philosophy of "Existenz." Beginning with 
Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, the course traces the movements of existentialism 
and phenomenology through its major representatives such as Heidegger, Sartre, 
and Camus. Prerequisite: C161. 

3162. Philosophy of Religion 3 hours 

An inquiry into the general subject of religion from the philosophical point 
of view. The course will seek to analyze concepts such as God, holiness, salvation, 
worship, creation, sacrifice, eternal life, etc., and to determine the nature of 
religious utterances in comparison with those of everyday life: scientific discovery, 
morality, and the imaginative expression of the arts. Prerequisite: C161. 

3163. Metaphysics (Theory of Reality) 3 hours 

An intensive study of selected issues which are basic to our thought about 
ourselves and the world. Included will be such topics as personal identity, fate, 
the nature of space and time, and God as the cause of the universe. Prerequisite: 
C161. 

3165. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason 3 hours 

A study of Kant's theoretical philosophy, his "metaphysics of experience," 
through a reading and analysis of his major work. An attempt will be made to 
discover which portions of Kant's philosophy can be accepted as valid and true 
in the light of present-day philosophy and science. Prerequisite: C161. 



126 



3167. Indian Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of philosophical issues in the Veda and the Upanishads and in 
selected later works. The course will include such modern thinkers as Gandhi, 
Radhakrishnan, and Tagore. Prerequisite: C161. 

3168. Chinese Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the religious and philosophical thought of China, including 
both the early era (Laotzu, Confucius, and Chuangtsu) and modern Chinese 
philosophy. Prerequisite: C161. 

3169. Japanese Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the development of Japanese philosophy from the fifth century 
A.D. to the present, including the Western influence on Japanese thought since 
1877. Prerequisite: C161. 

3224. Political Philosophy I: Ancient and Medieval 3 hours 

An examination of the origins of philosophical reflection on the funda- 
mental issues of politics, which is designed to lead to the critical consideration 
of the political views of our time. Among the topics discussed are the relation- 
ship between knowledge and political power and the character of political justice. 
A selection of the works of Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, and others are examined. 
Prerequisites: C271 and C272. 

3225. Political Philosophy H: Modern 3 hours 

A critical examination of the peculiarly modern political and philosophical 
stance beginning where Political Philosophy I concludes. Among the authors 
discussed are Machiavelli, Hobbes, Rousseau, Kant, and Nietzsche. Prerequisite: 
3224 or permission of the instructor. 

4161. Epistemology (Theory of Knowledge) 3 hours 

A study of various issues concerned with the nature and validity of human 
knowledge. The topics studied will include the distinction between knowledge 
and belief, arguments for and against scepticism, perception and our knowledge 
of the physical world, and the nature of truth. Prerequisite: C161. 

4162. Special Topics in Philosophy: Philosophers 3 hours 

Intensive study of the thought of a single important philosopher or group 
of philosophers. Prerequisite: C161. 

4163. Special Topics in Philosophy: Philosophical Issues 

and Problems 3 hours 

Studies of selected philosophical questions usually of special relevance to 
the present day. Has included courses such as Philosophy of History, War and 
Its Justification, and Philosophical Issues in Women's Rights. Prerequisite: CI 61. 

4165. Internship - Philosophy 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 



127 



a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 
business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4166. Independent Study in Philosophy 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 



Pre-seminary Studies 



Pre-seminary students should plan a curriculum with emphasis on philoso- 
phy, religion, English, and foreign language courses. A faculty adviser will aid in 
the selection of a particular field of study. For further guidance, the chair of the 
Humanities Division makes available a list of courses recommended by the 
American Association of Theological Schools. Juniors and seniors are encouraged 
to take internships related to their course work. 



Theatre 



Courses in theatre history, film, and characterization, combined with the 
University's unique apprenticeship program, offer students a study of theatre 
that is interactive in approach and broad in scope. Students who enter Oglethorpe 
with a background in theatre, as well as those with an interest but no experience, 
will find ample opportunities in the theatre program to develop their skills and 
expertise. As such, a theatre minor serves as an appropriate complement to a 
variety of majors in communications and the humanities, as well as a preparation 
for graduate and professional work in theatre. 

Minor 

Students are required to take the following courses: 
2140 Apprenticeship in Theatre 

2146 Special Topics in Theatre History 

2149 Special Topics in Performance: Beginning Characterization 
2149 Special Topics in Performance: Advanced Characterization 
In addition, one course selected from the following: 

2147 Contemporary Theatre and Film 

3123 Shakespeare 

3124 Studies in Drama I 

3125 Studies in Drama II 

2140. Apprenticeship in Theatre 3 hours 

The apprenticeship is designed to provide a hands-on learning experience 
in theatre. Students may focus on one of three areas of responsibility: preparation 
and performance, technical design or theatrical management. Open to 
sophomores, juniors, or seniors only and may be taken for credit only once. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

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2145. Special Topics in Theatre History 3 hours 

This course emphasizes the study of specific periods in theatrical history by 
examining dramaturgy, staging practices, costuming techniques, and acting styles. 
Periods covered may include: Ancient Greek and Medieval Theatre, the 
Elizabethans and the Spanish Golden Age, the Italian Renaissance and French 
Neoclassicism. 

2147. Contemporary Theatre and Film 3 hours 

Through a study of works by contemporary playwrights and directors, 
students are encouraged to examine various societal issues, as well as the ways in 
which we as a society choose to entertain ourselves. Topics vary, but may include: 
Feminist Theatre, the Films of Steven Spielberg and Woody Allen, or the Artist 
as Social Critic. 

2149. Special Topics in Performance: 3 hours 

Beginning Characterization focuses on the training of the body and voice 
as tools used in characterization. Students will explore the basic principles and 
techniques of stage combat, mime, movement, vocalization, and contemporary 
characterization. Both scene and monologue work will be examined. 

Advanced Characterization allows students to work with texts from various 
periods in theatrical history, examining the movement, costuming, and manner- 
isms of each period and applying these observations to a performance of the 
texts. Periods studied will include: Greek, Roman, Medieval, Elizabethan, 
Restoration, 18th- and 19th-century Melodrama, and Early 20th-century Realism. 
Prerequisite: Beginning Characterization. 



Writing 



Minor 

The writing minor consists of five different courses beyond Analytical 
Writing (or equivalent), chosen from among the following: 

2019 Seminar for Student Tutors (must be taken three times to 
constitute one writing minor course) 

2190 Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 

2191 Intermediate Writing: Investigation 
3151 Journalism Workshop 

3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

3192 Creative Writing 

3193 Biography and Autobiography 
4190 Independent Study in Writing 
4198 Special Topics in Writing 

P190. Basic Composition 3 hours 

This course emphasizes the fundamentals of grammar and composition. 
Students assigned to this course take it as a prerequisite to C191. 



129 



C191. Analytical Writing 3 hours 

This course will teach expository prose. Emphasis will be on supporting 
assertions with concrete evidence from a variety of sources, including personal 
experience, interviews, the popular media, texts in academic disciplines, or 
experimental data. Students will explore the relation between interpretive 
generalizations and detail, learning to fit them to each other and seeking the 
truth about both. 

1198, 1199. English as a Second Language I, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

A course for international students. The "ESL" sequence is designed to 
prepare students for subsequent courses in English composition as well as for 
written assignments in college courses. 

2019. Seminar for Student Tutors 1 hour 

Peer tutors at the Academic Resource Center spend two hours per week 
assisting other students, individually or in groups, with course material, papers, 
and preparation for exams. In addition, they participate one hour a week in 
support and training meetings with the ARC directors and with instructors of 
the courses in which they tutor. There, they discuss how to work with texts in 
different disciplines, to encourage study group members to help each other 
learn, emd to foster student engagement with active assimilation of course content 
and skills. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

2190. Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 3 hours 

Expository writing for students who want to develop their skills beyond the 
level achieved in Analytical Writing; recommended background for upper-level 
writing courses. Emphasis will be on presenting clear, coherent, and logical 
arguments. Reading and writing will be drawn from a range of disciplines, and 
students will be asked to analyze and revise their own writing. Prerequisite: 
C191 or equivalent. 

2191. Intermediate Writing: Investigation 3 hours 

Expository writing for students who want to develop their skills beyond the 
level achieved in Analytical Writing; recommended background for upper-level 
writing courses. Emphasis will be on learning a wide range of research techniques 
and purposefully presenting information to a variety of audiences in appropri- 
ate format and style. Students will be asked to define their own investigative 
projects, and to analyze and revise their own writing. Prerequisite: C191 or 
equivalent. 

3191. Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 3 hours 

A course for students who have mastered the basic skills and insights of 
writing and who wish to improve their ability to write clear, concise, persuasive 
expository prose. Oral presentations and practice in listening with accuracy 
constitute another element of the course. Weekly writing assignments. Prerequi- 
sites: C191 and one year-long literature sequence. 

3192. Creative Writing 3 hours 

Introduction to the theory and practice of writing poetry and prose fiction. 
The student will be asked to submit written work each week. Prerequisites: C191 
and permission of the instructor. 



130 



3193. Biography and Autobiography 3 hours 

An introduction to theories of biographical and autobiographical writing; 
practice in such forms of writing as the personal narrative, the profile, and the 
interview. The class will follow a workshop format; a portfolio of revised work 
will be presented for evaluation at the end of the session. Prerequisite: 2190 or 
2191, or permission of the instructor. 

4190. Independent Study in Writing 3 hours 

Supervised independent writing project. Prerequisites: Permission of the 
instructor and the student must be pursuing a minor in writing. 

4198. Special Topics in Writing 3 hours 

Study of a selected topic in the field of writing, such as Scientific and 
Technical Writing, Oral History, Writing for Educators, or The Art of the Essay. 
The topic will vary from year to year. Prerequisite: 2190 or 2191, or permission 
of the instructor. 



131 



Division 11 

History, Politics 
and International Studies 




The Division of History, Politics, and International Studies includes the 
disciplines of history and politics. These disciplines share a commitment to 
rigorous inquiry into the causes and consequences of human action, especially, 
but not exclusively, in its public or political dimension. They share a hope that 
the results of this inquiry can inform the actions of citizens and political lead- 
ers. The majors offered by this division are history, politics, and international 
studies; the latter is an interdisciplinary major that includes course work in history, 
politics, economics, sociology, and foreign languages. Members of the division 
also contribute courses to the major in American Studies and the Program in 
Urban Leadership. In addition, students may minor in history or politics. 

American Studies 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in American 
Studies, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this 
Bulletin. 



I 



History 



The study of history introduces students to important events of the past 
and the people who played significant roles in them. Embracing the principal 
fields of liberal education, the study of history enlarges one's understanding of 
political organizations, economic arrangements, social institutions, religious 
experiences and various forms of intellectual expression. 

The history faculty at Oglethorpe University seeks to make its students aware 
of the constantly changing interpretations of the past and acquaint them with 
the increasing uses of the discipline in such fields as law, journalism, public 
relations, art, theology, diplomacy, and public service. Particular stress is placed 
on a mastery of the techniques of research which enhance one's usefulness in 
many fields of professional life. Archival careers and postgraduate studies in 
history are options with which Oglethorpe students become familiar. 

Major 

Students majoring in history are required to take a minimum of eight his- 
tory courses, exclusive of courses used to meet core requirements. One of these 
must be American History to 1865 or American History Since 1865. In addi- 
tion, at least three must be selected from the following four: The Renaissance 
and Reformation, Europe 1650-1815, Europe in the 19th Century, and Europe 
in the 20th Century. During the junior or senior year, each student must take 
Special Topics in History: Seminar on Historiography. Each student also is 
required to take Intermediate Writing: Investigation and five additional courses 
in related fields, including at least one course in Asian studies, as approved by 
the student's adviser. (Two foreign language courses beyond the first year may 
be included among these five.) 

Minor 

To complete a minor five courses beyond the core requirement must be 
taken. 

134 



C211. The Foundations of the West 3 hours 

This course will explore the history of the Western world from late antiquity 
to 1600, focusing on the rise of the Christian civilizations of Eastern and West- 
ern Europe and Islamic civilization. Special consideration will be given to the 
comparative study of ideas, religion, political institutions, and patterns of social 
organization. Through the use of primary documents and critical scholarly works, 
students will gain first-hand knowledge of the tools and methods of historical 
research. 

C212. The West and the Modern World 3 hours 

This course covers the history of Western civilization (defined as all the 
societies descended from medieval Christendom) since 1600, with the focus on 
its modernization after 1789. This process destroyed the relative homogeneity 
of the old regime and fragmented the West along two fault lines: (1) socio- 
economic modernization, which varied profoundly between rich capitalist 
societies (Germany, Britain, United States, Australia) and poor socialist, 
neo-feudal, or neo-mercantilist ones (Russia, Romania, Mexico, Brazil); and 
(2) political modernization, which could be liberal, communist, or fascist. 
Prerequisite: C211. 

2214. Special Topics in British History 3 hours 

An intensive investigation of a selected period or question in the history of 
Great Britain or the British Empire. Prerequisite: C212. 

2216. American History to 1865 3 hours 

A survey from Colonial times to 1865, concerned mainly with the major 
domestic developments of a growing nation. 

2217. American History Since 1865 3 hours 

A survey from 1865 to the present, concerned with the chief events which 
explain the growth of the United States to a position of world power. 

3211. The Renaissance and Reformation 3 hours 

A study of the significant changes in European art, thought, and institu- 
tions during the period from 1300 to 1650. Prerequisite: C212. 

3212. Europe 1650-1815 3 hours 

A course examining European society between the Reformation and the 
Napoleonic era. It will include the rise of the modern state, the economic 
revolution, constitutional monarchy, the Enlightenment, the Era of Revolution, 
and the Age of Napoleon. Prerequisite: C212. 

3213. Europe in the 19th Century 3 hours 

This course examines the domestic and foreign policies of the European 
Great Powers, new developments in politics and society, and the effects of the 
Industrial Revolution between the Congress of Vienna and World War I. 
Prerequisite: C212. 



135 



3214. Early Modern Europe 3 hours 

An examination of European history since World War I, giving particular 
attention to the rise of the Communist, Fascist, and National Socialist movements 
in Russia, Italy, and Germany. It also will treat World War II and its aftermath. 
Prerequisite: C212. 

3217. The Age of Affluence: The United States Since 1945 3 hours 

An interdisciplinary study of American life since World War II that empha- 
sizes political, economic, and social developments. Foreign policy is considered 
principally with respect to its impact on domestic affairs. Prerequisite: C212. 

3218. Georgia History 3 hours 

This course is a chronological examination of the history of Georgia from 
the Colonial period to the 20th century. Emphasis is given to Old and New 
South themes, higher education development with attention to the history of 
Oglethorpe, the transition from rural to urban life, and Georgia's role in con- 
temporary American life. Prerequisites: 2216, 2217, or permission of the 
instructor. 

3523. United States Economic History 3 hours 

A study of the origin and growth of the American economic system. The 
course provides a historical basis for understanding present problems and trends 
in the economy. Prerequisite: 1521. 

4213. United States Diplomatic History 3 hours 

A study of major developments in Americzm diplomacy from the end of the 
Revolution until 1945. Prerequisite: C212; recommended prerequisite: 2216 and 
2217. 

4214. The American Civil War and Reconstruction 3 hours 

A course for advanced history students emphasizing the causes of conflict, 
the wartime period, and major changes that occurred. Prerequisites: 2216 and 
2217. 

4215. The Age of the French Revolution and Napoleon 3 hours 

The wars and upheavals of 1789-1815 mark the beginning of the modern 
age — modern politics, the modern state and mass army, the end of traditional 
monarchy, the decline of aristocracy and serfdom, and modern revolutionary 
violence. The course focuses on France but also deals with the impact of these 
events on other countries. Prerequisite: C212; recommended prerequisite: two 
upper-level history courses. 

4216. Special Topics in History 3 hours 

Courses offered by division faculty members to respond to topical needs of 
the curriculum. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4218. Independent Study in History 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 



136 



4219. Internship - History 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 
a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperat- 
ing business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings. Recent examples have been internships with the Atlanta 
Historical Society and the Georgia State Archives. Graded on a satisfactory/ 
unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and quali- 
fication for the internship program. 

4241. Russian History to 1861 3 hours 

This course studies the thousand years from the formation of the Kievan 
state until the abolition of serfdom. It covers the Mongol invasion, the rise of 
Muscovy, the reign of Ivan the Terrible and the Time of Troubles, Imperial 
Russia's Westernization under Peter the Great, and its apogee under Catherine 
the Great and her grandsons. Prerequisite: C212. 

4242. Russian History Since 1861 3 hours 

This course studies Russian history from the abolition of serfdom, which 
began Imperial Russia's last attempt to reform itself and stave off revolution, 
until the present. It also covers the 1905 and 1917 revolutions, the rise of 
communism, the era of Lenin and Stalin, and the fall of the communist system. 
Prerequisite: C212. 

International Studies 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary mayors in International 
Studies and International Studies - Asia Concentration, please see the 
Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this Bulletin. 

4230. Internship - International Studies 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negoti- 
ate a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 
business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings. In recent years, students have interned with the Canadian 
Consulate, the Southern Center for International Studies, the Belgian-American 
Chamber of Commerce, and JETRO, the Japanese External Trade Organization. 
Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the 
faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4239. Independent Study in International Studies 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 



137 



Politics 

The study of politics at Oglethorpe University focuses on the interpretation 
of events, both past and current, from a perspective informed by the study of 
political thought and institutions. In addition, students in this discipline develop 
their capacity to compare analogous cases and to generalize. The ability to read 
difficult texts carefully and thoughtfully is especially important in political 
philosophy courses. Students of politics develop some tolerance for ambiguity 
and disagreement, while at the same time learning to appreciate the difference 
between informed and uniformed opinion. The study of politics provides good 
training for life in a world that, for better or worse, is shaped profoundly by 
political institutions. It is especially appropriate for those interested in careers 
in law, business, teaching, journalism, and government. 

To engage in career exploration and to learn more about practical politics, 
majors are encouraged to seek internships. Oglethorpe's location in metropoli- 
tan Atlanta means that a diverse array of internships is readily available to students. 
In recent years, students have taken advantage of the Georgia Legislative Intern 
and Governor's Intern Programs, working with the Georgia State Legislature, 
the Department of Industry, Trade, and Tourism, and the League of Women 
Voters, among others. The University's Office of Career Services also is prepared 
to help students identify and develop interesting internships. In addition, the 
University is able to arrange numerous exciting opportunities through its 
affiliations with The Washington Center for Internships and the Washington 
Semester Program of American University. While students may earn up to 15 
semester hours of internship credit, only six may count toward the fulfillment of 
major requirements and three toward the fulfillment of minor requirements. 

Students majoring in politics also are encouraged to consider the possibil- 
ity of studying abroad. For a listing of foreign institutions and programs with 
which Oglethorpe has exchange agreements and affiliations, please see 
International Exchange Partnerships/Study Abroad in the Interdisciplinary 
Programs and Majors section of this Bulletin. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in politics are satisfactory completion of at 
least 10 politics courses - at least two of which must be at the 3000 level and one 
at the 4000 level - as well as four elective (non-core) courses in related subjects, 
no more than two of which may be in the same subject. These "related subjects" 
include all history courses, as well as courses in philosophy, sociology, economics, 
quantitative methods, writing, or a foreign language, subject to the discretion 
of the student's adviser. 

All majors must take Introduction to American Politics, International 
Relations, European Politics, Asian Politics, and Political Philosophy I: Ancient 
and Medieval or Political Philosophy II: Modern. 

Minor 

To receive a minor, students must take at least five politics courses. These 
courses must fall in at least three of the four basic subfields of the discipline 
(American government, comparative politics, international relations, and political 
philosophy). 

138 



C271, C272. Human Nature and the Social Order I, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

The courses in this year-long study are devoted to the careful study of classic 
texts that lie at the common roots of all the contemporary social sciences. The 
aim is to show how contemporary social science is a form of "moral inquiry" 
that responds to questions intelligent human beings have always asked. To this 
end, the focus will be on various compelling and distinctive treatments of the 
enduring questions about justice and the good life. The question will be posed 
whether there is a single or plural human good and whether this good (or these 
goods) can or must be pursued within the confines of a social or political order. 
Works will be studied by such thinkers as Aristotle, John Locke, Adam Smith, 
Alexis de Tocqueville, and Max Weber. 

1221. Introduction to American Politics 3 hours 

An introduction to the fundamental questions of politics through an 
examination of the American founding and political institutions. 

2221. Constitutional Law 3 hours 

A systematic analysis of the place of constitutionalism in American 
government and politics. The Constitution as well as the Supreme Court's 
attempts to interpret and expound it are examined. Prerequisite: 1221. 

2222. State and Local Government 3 hours 

A survey of the origin, development, and characteristic problems of state 
and local government in the United States. Prerequisite: 1221. 

2223. International Relations 3 hours 

An introduction to the conduct of politics in a condition of anarchy. The 
central issues will be how and whether independent states can establish and 
preserve international order and cooperate for the achievement of their common 
interests in an anarchic environment. These questions will be explored through 
a reading of relevant history and theoretical writings and an examination of 
present and future trends influencing world politics. Recommended prerequisite 
or corequisite: C212. 

2226. European Politics 3 hours 

A factual, conceptual and historical introduction to politics on the European 
continent, including (but not necessarily limited to) Britain, France, Germany, 
Italy, Russia, and the European Union. These regimes will be studied through a 
comparison of their social structures, party systems, institutions and constitu- 
tions, political cultures and (if possible) their domestic policies. Recommended 
prerequisite or corequisite: C212 and 1221. 

2227. Asian Politics 3 hours 

This course is a general introduction to the variety of political systems in 
Asia, concentrating particularly on the nations of East Asia. It will emphasize 
the methods of comparative political study and will focus on understamding the 
factors that determine different political outcomes in nations that share a 
geographical region and many similar cultural and historical influences. 
Prerequisite: 1221. 

139 



2229. Politics and the New American City 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to examine the problems and prospects of 
politics and policymaking in the new American city and its environs. 
Consideration will be given to the political significance of a number of the 
factors that characterize this new development, among them the extremes of 
wealth and poverty, the mix of racial and ethnic groups, and the opportunities 
and challenges provided by progress in transportation and technology. 
Prerequisite: 1221 or permission of the instructor. 

3220. Special Topics in Politics 3 hours 

Courses offered by division faculty members to respond to topical needs of 
the curriculum. Recent courses include Theorists of International Order, 
Literature and Politics, Democratic Theory and Culture, Criminal Law, and 
Citizenship in Theory and Practice. 

3221. American Political Parties 3 hours 

An in-depth study of the development of party organizations in the United 
States and an analysis of their bases of power. Prerequisite: 1221. 

3222. Congress and the Presidency 3 hours 

An examination of the original arguments for the current American 
governmental structure and the problems now faced by these institutions. 
Prerequisite: 1221. 

3223. United States Foreign Policy 3 hours 

A history of American foreign policy since 1945. Emphasis in this course is 
on the description, explanation, and evaluation of events and policies, not the 
study of policy-making as such. 

3224. Political Philosophy I: Ancient and Medieval 3 hours 

An examination of the origins of philosophical reflection on the funda- 
mental issues of politics, designed to lead to critical consideration of present 
day political views. Among the topics discussed are the relationship between 
knowledge and political power and the character of political justice. Works by 
Plato, Aristode, Saint Thomas Aquinas, and others are examined. Prerequisites: 
C271 and C272. 

3225. Political Philosophy H: Modern 3 hours 

A critical examination of the peculiarly modern political and philosophical 
stance, beginning where Political Philosophy 1 concludes. Among the authors 
discussed are Machiavelli, Hobbes, Rousseau, Kant, and Nietzsche. Prerequisite: 
3224 or permission of the instructor. 

3227. Politics in Japan 3 hours 

This course will examine the processes and institutions of the Japanese po- 
litical system. It will investigate traditional areas of interest such as political 
parties, legislative politics, the bureaucracy, and public policy formation and 
then look at related phenomena within the broader society. Prerequisite: 1221 
or 2227. 

140 



4220. Internship - Politics 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide students a formalized, experiential 
learning opportunity. Students are employed or volunteer in standard work 
situations with cooperating political organizations, governmental departments 
and research institutions, or in other professional settings. In recent years, 
students have interned with the offices of Senator Paul Coverdell, in the Georgia 
State Legislature, at The Carter Center, with the League of Women Voters, in 
various departments of the Georgia state government. Graded on a satisfac- 
tory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor 
and qualification for the internship program. 

4221. Business and Politics 3 hours 

In this course, the role of business groups in public affairs and the role of 
government in business affairs will be examined. Discussion will include the 
structure of interest groups, their lobbying activities, and the politics of regula- 
tion, among other topics. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4223. Advanced Topics in International Relations 3 hours 

An in-depth treatment of one or more of the issues introduced in Interna- 
tional Relations. Topics vary from year to year. Prerequisite: 2223 or 3223. 

4224. Studies in Political Philosophy 3 hours 

An intensive examination of a text or theme introduced in the Political 
Philosophy sequence. Among the topics have been Rousseau's Emile, Kantian 
political philosophy, and Machiavelli's Discourses. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

4227. Seminar in Politics and Culture 3 hours 

This will be an upper-level seminar in the study of the relationship of politics 
and culture. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the nature and difficulties 
of cultural study, with particular attention to ethnographic or participant observer 
research methods. Focus of the seminar will change yearly but may include Poli- 
tics and Rhetoric, Postwar Japanese Culture, The Culture of Democracy, or 
Women and Politics. Prerequisite: 1221 or junior standing. 

4229. Independent Study in Politics 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 



141 



Pre-law Studies 



Students planning to enter law school after graduation from Oglethorpe 
should realize that neither the American Bar Association nor leading law schools 
endorse a particular pre-law major. The student is advised, however, to take 
courses that enhance the basic skills of a liberally educated person: reading with 
comprehension, writing, speaking, and reasoning. The student is encouraged to 
become more familiar with political, economic, and social institutions as they 
have developed historically and as they function in contemporary society. 

Students interested in pursuing a legal career should ask the Registrar for 
the names of faculty members serving as pre-law advisers. 

The Urban Leadership Program 

For a complete description of this interdisciplinary program and course 
requirements, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of 
this Bulletin. 



142 



Division in 

Science and Mathematics 




The natural sciences and mathematics are integral parts of our complex 
and changing society. In keeping with the University's purpose of preparing 
"humane generalists," the Division of Science and Mathematics introduces stu- 
dents both to the methods of inquiry of mathematics and science and also to the 
results of the efforts of scientists to understand physical and biological phenom- 
ena. Further, for students who major in one of the natural sciences or math- 
ematics, the division's goals are to provide a thorough background in the major 
field and to assist students in clarifying and achieving their career goals. 

To insure orderly completion of a major in one of the fields of the natural 
sciences or mathematics, the student should consult with the appropriate faculty 
members in the division at the time of the first registration. Careful planning of 
the program of study is important, so that the student is aware of departmental 
and divisional requirements and allowable options within the major. Each student 
must complete the core requirements as well as those departmental and divi- 
sional requirements that apply to the specific degree. 

Three semesters of the course Science Seminar are required for all science 
majors. A grade of "C-" or higher must be obtained in each freshmen- and 
sophomore-level science or mathematics course that is required for the major 
or minor; these courses are numbered 1000 through 3000 in each field within 
the division. A grade-point average of 2.0 or higher in all courses listed as required 
for the major must be achieved in order to graduate in one of the fields within 
the division. 

Students who are interested in medical or scientific illustration are 
encouraged to consider the Scientific Illustration Tracks that are offered within 
the Art Major which is described in the Division I section of this Bulletin. 

Allied Health Studies 

Students who plan to attend professional schools of nursing, physical therapy 
or other allied health fields should plan their programs at Oglethorpe with the 
assistance of the faculty member serving as the Allied Health Adviser. The name 
of this adviser can be obtained at the Registrar's Office. 

In allied health fields, successful completion of the program in an accredited 
professional school and a minimum of 60 semester hours credit earned at 
Oglethorpe 'are required to earn the Bachelor of Arts degree with an individually 
planned major in two relevant disciplines. 



Biology 



The curriculum in biology provides a foundation in both classical and 
contemporary biological concepts and prepares the student for continuing intel- 
lectual growth and professional development in the life sciences. These goals 
are achieved through completion of a set of courses that provide a comprehen- 
sive background in basic scientific concepts through lectures, discussions, writ- 
ing, and laboratory work. The program supplies the appropriate background 
for employment in research institutions, industry, and government; the curricu- 
lum also prepares students for graduate school and for professional schools of 
medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and the like. Students planning to attend 
graduate or professional schools should recognize that admission to such schools 



144 



is often highly competitive. Completion of a biology major does not insure 
admission to these schools. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in biology are as follows: in sequence, General 
Biology I and II, Genetics, Microbiology, Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy, 
Human Physiology plus three additional directed biology courses; General Chem- 
istry I and II (with laboratories), Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories). 
Elementary Quantitative Analysis; General Physics I and II; Statistics and a course 
in calculus; three semester hours of Science Seminar. (Two of the above listed 
courses. General Biology I and General Chemistry I, fulfill core requirements 
and are therefore not part of the major per se.) 

Minor 

The requirements for a minor in biology are General Biology I and II, 
Genetics, and Microbiology; students minoring in biology are not exempt from 
the prerequisites for the biology courses and thus also will complete General 
Chemistry I and II (with laboratories) and Organic Chemistry I and II (with 
laboratories). 

1311, 1312. General Biology I, H 4 plus 4 hours 

An introduction to modern biology, these courses include the basic principles 
of plant and animal biology, with emphasis on structure, function, evolutionary 
relationships, ecology, and behavior. Lectures and laboratory. Prerequisite: 1311 
must precede 1312, and it is recommended that the courses be completed in 
consecutive semesters. Students who are majoring in biology must earn a grade 
of "C-" or higher in 1311 before taking 1312. 

2311. Genetics 4 hours 

An introduction to the study of inheritance. The classical patterns of 
Mendelian inheritance are related to modern molecular genetics and to the con- 
trol of metabolism and development. Prerequisites or corequisites: 1312, 1322, 
2324. A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in each of the prerequisite 
courses. 

2312. Microbiology 4 hours 

An introduction to the biology of viruses, bacteria, algae, and fungi. 
Consideration is given to phylogenetic relationships, taxonomy, physiology, and 
economic or pathogenic significance of each group. Lecture and laboratory. 
Prerequisite: 2311 with a grade of "C-" or higher; corequisite: 2325. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and 
discussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one 
hour of credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the 
student has completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. 
Meetings of the science seminar are normally held twice each month during the 
regular academic year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and 



145 



defend a paper for at least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period 
of enrollment; other seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, 
including members of the science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfac- 
tory basis the first two semesters; the third semester is letter-graded. 

3311. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 4 hours 

An intensive study of the structural aspects of selected vertebrate types. 
These organisms are studied in relation to their evolution and development. 
The laboratory involves detailed examination of representative vertebrate speci- 
mens. Prerequisites: 2312 and 2325. A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in 
each of the prerequisite courses. 

3312. Human Physiology 4 hours 

A detailed analysis of human functions that deals primarily with the 
interactions involved in the operation of complex human systems. Lecture and 
laboratory. Prerequisites: 1341, 2325, and 3311. A grade of "C-" or higher must 
be earned in each of the prerequisite courses. 

3313. Embryology 4 hours 

A course dealing with the developmental biology of animals. Classical 
observations are considered along with more recent experimental embryology 
in the framework of an analysis of development. In the laboratory, living and 
prepared examples of developing systems in representative invertebrates and 
vertebrates are considered. Prerequisites: 2312 and 2325. A grade of "C-" or 
higher must be earned in each of the prerequisite courses. 

3316. Cell Biology 4 hours 

An in-depth consideration of cell ultrastructure and the molecular mecha- 
nisms of cell physiology. Techniques involving the culturing and preparation of 
cells and tissues for experimental examination are carried out in the laboratory. 
Prerequisites: 2312 and 2325. A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in each 
of the prerequisite courses. 

3317. Vascular Plants 4 hours 

The biplogy of vascular plants is considered at levels of organization ranging 
from the molecular through the ecological. Studies of anatomy and morphology 
are pursued in the laboratory, and an independent project concerning plant 
hormones is required. Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. Prereq- 
uisites: 2312 and 2325. A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in each of the 
prerequisite courses. 

3319. Special Topics in Biology 1-4 hours 

Advanced course and laboratory work, including independent studies, in 
various areas of biology. Approval by the student's faculty adviser and the chair 
of the division is required for off-campus activities. Prerequisite: Permission of 
the instructor. 



146 



4312. Ecology 4 hours 

A course dealing with the relationships between individual organisms and 
their environments. The emphasis is on the development of populations and 
interactions between populations and their physical surroundings. Lecture and 
laboratory. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisites: 2312 
and 2325. A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in each of the prerequisite 
courses. 

4314. Evolution „ 4 hours 

A course dealing with the various biological disciplines and their meaning 
in an evolutionary context. Also, a consideration of evolutionary mechanisms 
and the various theories concerning them. Prerequisites: 2311, 2312, and 2325. 
A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in each of the prerequisite courses. 

4315. Biochemistry 4 hours 

An introduction to the chemistry of living systems, this course will investigate 
the synthesis, degradation, and functions of various molecules within living 
organisms. Central metabolic pathways and enzyme reaction mechanisms also 
will be studied. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: 1312 and 2325 with a 
grade of "C-" or higher in each course; recommended prerequisite: 2321. 



Chemistry 



The chemistry program covers four general areas of chemistry: inorganic, 
organic, physical, and analytical. The first half of a student's chemistry curriculum 
involves courses which present the fundamentals of the various areas. The second 
half of the curriculum consists of advanced courses which cover specialized topics 
in chemistry. In addition to factual knowledge about chemistry, the student gains 
an understanding about the scientific method and a systematic approach to 
research. A large portion of the chemistry curriculum includes laboratory courses. 
These courses teach the techniques and skills used in chemical experimentation. 

A student who has completed the Bachelor of Science program in chemistry 
has several career options. These options include technical or analytical work in 
a chemical laboratory and non-research positions in the chemical industry such 
as sales or marketing. Another option is to enter a graduate or professional 
school. Graduates interested in doing chemical research should pursue the M.S. 
or Ph.D. degrees. Those interested in professions such as medicine or dentistry, 
would enter the appropriate professional school after receiving the Bachelor of 
Science degree. Lastly, the chemistry major is an excellent preparation for careers 
as diversified as patent law and teaching. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in chemistry are as follows: General Chemis- 
try I and II (with laboratories). Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories). 
Elementary Quantitative Analysis, Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis, 
Physical Chemistry I and II (with laboratory). Inorganic Chemistry (with labora- 
tory), Advanced Organic Chemistry and Organic Spectroscopy, and three 
semester hours of Science Seminar. (General Chemistry I fulfills the core 
requirement in physical science and is therefore not a requirement of the major 
per se.) 

147 



Minor 

The requirements for a minor in chemistry are as follows: General Chemistry 
I and II (with laboratories), Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories), 
Elementary Quantitative Analysis, and one additional three- or four-semester 
hour chemistry course. 

1321, 1322. General Chemistry I, U 3 plus 3 hours 

An introduction to the fundamental principles of chemistry, including a 
study of the theories of the structure of atoms and molecules and the nature of 
the chemical bond; the properties of gases, liquids, and solids; the rates and 
energetics of chemical reactions; the properties of solutions; chemical equilib- 
ria; electro-chemistry, and the chemical behavior of representative elements. 
Prerequisites: 1331 and 1332 with a grade of "C-" or higher in each course. 
Corequisites: L321 and L322. A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in 1321 
before taking 1322. 

L321, L322. General Chemistry Laboratory I, 11 1 plus 1 hour 

The laboratory course is designed to complement 1321 and 1322. Various 
laboratory techniques will be introduced. Experiments will demonstrate con- 
cepts covered in the lecture material. Corequisites: 1321 and 1322. 

2321. Elementary Quantitative Analysis 5 hours 

An introduction to elementary analytical chemistry, including gravimetric 
and volumetric methods. Emphasis in lectures is on the theory of analytical 
separations, solubility, complex, acid-base, and redox equilibria. The course 
includes two three-hour laboratory periods per week, during which analyses are 
carried out illustrating the methods discussed in lecture. Intended for both chem- 
istry majors and those enrolled in pre-professional programs in other physical 
sciences and in the health sciences. Prerequisite: 2325 with a grade of "C-" or 
higher. 

2322. Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis 3 hours 

A discussion of the principles and applications of modern instrumentation 
used in analytical chemistry. Methods discussed are primarily non-optical, 
including an overview of electrochemistry; potentiometric methods, including 
use of pH and other ion meters; electrogravimetry; coulometry; polarography; 
amperometry; and gas- and liquid-chromatography. Offered spring semester of 
odd-numbered years. Prerequisite: 2321 with a grade of "C-" or higher. 

2324, 2325. Organic Chemistry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

An introductory course in the principles and theories of organic chemistry. 
The structure, preparation, and reactions of various functional groups will be 
investigated. Emphasis will be on synthesis and reaction mechanisms. 
Prerequisites: 1321 and 1322 with a grade of "C-" or higher in each course. 
Corequisites: L324 and L325. A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in 2324 
before taking 2325. 



148 



L324, L325. Organic Chemistry Laboratory I, 11 1 plus 1 hour 

The laboratory course is designed to complement 2324 and 2325. Various 
techniques, such as distillation, extraction, and purification, are studied in the 
first semester. The second semester involves synthesis and identification of a 
variety of organic compounds. Corequisites: 2324 and 2325. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and 
discussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one 
hour of credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the 
student has completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. 
Meetings of the science seminar are normally held twice each month during the 
regular academic year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and 
defend a paper for at least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period 
of enrollment; other seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, 
including members of the science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/ unsatisfactory 
basis the first two semesters; the third semester is letter-graded. 

3322, 3323. Physical Chemistry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A systematic study of the foundations of chemistry. Particular attention is 
paid to thermodynamics, including characterization of gases, liquids, solids, and 
solutions of electrolytes and nonelectrolytes; the First, Second, and Third Laws; 
spontaneity and equilibrium; phase diagrams and one- and two-component 
systems; electrochemistry; and an introduction to the kinetic theory and statistical 
mechanics. Additionally, both phenomenological and mechanistic kinetics are 
presented, as is a brief introduction to quantum mechanics. Prerequisites: 1336, 
2325, and 2342 with a grade of "C-" or higher in each course. 

3325. Physical Chemistry Laboratory 2 hours 

Intended to complement the physical chemistry lecture course, this course 
provides the student with an introduction to physico-chemical experimentation. 
Corequisite: 3323. 

4321. Inorganic Chemistry 3 hours 

A study of the principles of modern inorganic chemistry, including atomic 
structure; molecular structure; ionic bonding; crystal structures of ionic solids, 
a systematic study of the behavior of inorganic anions; coordination chemistry, 
including structure and mechanisms of aqueous reactions; and acids and bases. 
Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. Prerequisite or corequisite: 
3323. 

4322. Advanced Organic Chemistry 3 hours 

A discussion of selected reactions and theories in organic chemistry. 
Emphasis is placed on reaction mechanisms and reactive intermediates 
encountered in organic synthesis. Prerequisite: 2325 with a grade of "C-"or higher. 



149 



4323. Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory 2 hours 

Intended to complement Inorganic Chemistry, this course provides 
experience in the methods of preparation and characterization of inorganic 
compounds. Corequisite: 4321. 

4324. Organic Spectroscopy 4 hours 

A course deaUng with several spectroscopic methods as applied to organic 
molecules. The principles and interpretation of ultra-violet, visible, infrared, 
mass, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra will be studied. This course includes 
one three-hour laboratory period per week using various spectrometers for 
qualitative and quantitative cmalysis. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. 
Prerequisite: 2325 with a grade of "C-" or higher. 

4325. Advanced Topics in Chemistry 1-4 hours 

Advanced topics will be offered in the following fields: Organic Chemistry, 
Organic Qualitative Analysis, Biochemistry, Theoretical Chemistry, and Advanced 
Inorganic Chemistry. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4326. Advanced Organic Chemistry Laboratory 1 hour 

Intended to complement Advanced Organic Chemistry, this course will 
investigate general reactions and mechanistic principles in organic synthesis. 
The study will require the multi-step synthesis of various organic molecules. 
Corequisite: 4322. 

4327. Independent Study in Chemistry 1-3 hours 

This course is intended for students of senior standing who wish to do 
independent laboratory and/or theoretical investigations in chemistry. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 



Dual Degree in Engineering 



Oglethorpe is associated with the Georgia Institute of Technology, the 
University of Florida, Auburn University, Mercer University, and the University 
of Southern California in combined programs of liberal arts and engineering. 
The programs require the student to complete three years at Oglethorpe 
University and the final two years at one of these engineering schools. The 
three years at Oglethorpe include core curriculum courses. General Chemistry 
I and II, College Physics I and II, Calculus I-IV, and a choice of Differential 
Equations or Linear Algebra. The two years of technical education require the 
completion of courses in one of the branches of engineering. Additionally, 
Oglethorpe has an agreement with the Georgia Institute of Technology for dual 
degrees in various areas of applied sciences and economics. 

In this combined plan, the two degrees which are awarded upon the successful 
completion of the program are the degree of Bachelor of Arts by Oglethorpe 
University and the degree of Bachelor of Science in Engineering by the 
engineering school. Because the required pre-engineering curricula of the five 
affiliated schools are slightly different, the student is advised to consult frequently 
with the faculty member serving as dual degree engineering program adviser. 



150 



Engineering is a difficult subject. Students can maximize their chances for 
success by starting at Oglethorpe where the faculty's primary concern is effective 
teaching and working closely with students. Classes are small, and laboratories 
offer the opportunity for hands-on experience with sophisticated equipment. 
This strong foundation gives the student an excellent preparation for profes- 
sional school, resulting in more effective learning in advanced engineering 
courses. As a liberal arts and sciences university, Oglethorpe stresses broad edu- 
cation for intelligent leadership. Here, the student will explore the fundamental 
fields of knowledge, further his or her understanding of science and mathe- 
matics, and refine the abilities to read, write, speak, and reason with clarity. 
This preparation will serve the student well in any career but particularly so in 
the engineering field. With strong preparation in engineering plus a liberal arts 
education, the student will be ready for a variety of career positions. The dual 
degree engineering program provides an education that is both broad and deep 
— a combination that will serve the graduate well as career responsibilities 
increase. 

Note: Dual-degree students in art and engineering may not use Oglethorpe 
financial aid assistance to attend other institutions. 

General Science 

The physical science and biological science courses are appropriate for 
students who have a good background in algebra but a minimal one in other 
sciences. Students with excellent preparation in the sciences may elect one of 
the regular lecture-and-laboratory courses in biology, chemistry, or physics. Such 
courses fulfill the core requirements that also can be met by the physical science 
and biological science courses. 

C351. Natural Science: The Physical Sciences 3 hours 

This topically-oriented course will examine the many facets of scientific 
investigation. These include the underlying assumptions, the limitations, the 
provisional nature, and the power of the scientific process, as well as the influ- 
ences of science on other aspects of human activity. Experimentation is the 
hallmark of scientific investigation. As such, laboratory experimentation will be 
a distinguishing feature of this course. Course time devoted to experimentation 
in the laboratory, as well as inside and outside the classroom, will intertwine 
with time devoted to discussion and lecture. Natural Science: The Physical 
Sciences will deal with a topic drawn from the physical sciences. These will include 
but not be limited to: Chemistry, Descriptive Astronomy, History of Science, 
Meteorology, Modern Scientific Perspectives of the Universe, and Oceanography. 
Prerequisite: 1332 or by examination. 

C352. Natural Science: The Biological Sciences 3 hours 

This course is designed to examine the many facets of scientific investiga- 
tion. Laboratory experimentation will be an important feature, with course time 
devoted to experimentation in the laboratory as well as the classroom. Rather 
than a survey of the entire field of biology, this effort will be directed toward 
specific topics such as, but not limited to: Cancer, Cell Biology, Human Biology, 
Ecology, and Evolution. 

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4356. Internship - Science 1-6 hours 

Internships in the natural sciences and mathematics provide students the 
opportunity to acquire valuable experiences in areas that are of special interest 
to them. Under the guidance of a faculty supervisor and an on-site director, 
structured activities are planned to ensure that learning objectives are achieved. 
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Georgia Mental Health 
Institute and numerous medical, industrial, and research facilities have welcomed 
Oglethorpe students as interns. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. 
Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the in- 
ternship program. 

Mathematics 

Mathematics is both an art and a science. Students taking mathematics 
courses at Oglethorpe will encounter both the art of creative thought and the 
science of logical thought. Problem-solving capabilities are developed in 
mathematics courses. Since such skills are essential in all fields of endeavor, 
mathematics makes an important contribution to a liberal arts education. 

In particular, mathematics provides fundamental tools for analysis of 
problems in the physical, biological, and social sciences, as well as in such areas 
as economics and business. Also, opportunities are provided to pursue the more 
theoretical aspects of mathematics, which are integral to its further development. 

A major in mathematics provides a core of mathematics essential for gradu- 
ate study or immediate employment. Students with mathematical training at the 
undergraduate level are sought by employers in business, government, and in- 
dustry. Career opportunities for mathematics majors exist in areas such as com- 
puter programming, operations research, statistics, and applied mathematics. 
Note: For a reading of Oglethorpe's required level of mathematics proficiency 
(Mathematics Proficiency Requirement), please see the Academic Regu- 
lations and Policies section of this Bulletin. 

Major 

The object of the course of studies leading to a major in mathematics is to 
provide the student with a comprehensive background in classical analysis and a 
broad introduction to the topics of modern and contemporary mathematics. 
The following mathematics courses are required: Calculus I, II, III, and IV, plus 
Differential Equations, Discrete Mathematics, Linear Algebra, Abstract Algebra, 
Complex Analysis, and Special Topics in Mathematics. Students also are required 
to take three semester hours of Science Seminar. In addition, students are required 
to take one of the following four courses: College Physics I, College Physics II, 
Principles of Computer Programming, or Statistics. 

Minor 

The required course work for a minor in mathematics consists of Calculus 
I, II, III, and IV plus two of the following: Differential Equations, Discrete Math- 
ematics, Linear Algebra, Abstract Algebra, Complex Analysis, or Special Topics 
in Mathematics. 



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P331. Intermediate Algebra 3 hours 

This introductory course, covering intermediate algebra preparatory to a 
college algebra course, will: (1) offer students review and reinforcement of 
previous mathematics learning, and (2) provide mature students with a quick 
but thorough training in basic algebra skills. 

1331. College Algebra 3 hours 

A course designed to equip students with the algebra skills needed for 
calculus. Topics include graphing, functions, exponential and logarithmic func- 
tions, systems of equations and inequalities, zeros of polynomials, and sequences. 
Prerequisite: P331 or by examination. 

1332. Analytic Geometry 3 hours 

Analytic Geometry is the study of the relationship between the two principal 
branches of classical mathematics: algebra and geometry. The course will begin 
with a brief review of algebra and some of the major theorems of Euclidean 
geometry. The Cartesian plane will then be introduced, which is the arena in 
which algebra and geometry merge. The course will consider the following top- 
ics: lines, circles, parabolas, ellipses, hyperbolas, vectors, transformation of 
coordinates, and polar coordinates, complex numbers, trigonometric functions, 
and applications of trigonometry. This course satisfies the Mathematics 
Proficiency Requirement. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

C330. Great Ideas of Modern Mathematics 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to consider the way in which mathematics 
responds to the core questions and to help students understand and appreciate 
the way of knowing (or, better, the way of thinking) which underlies mathemat- 
ics. The mode of inquiry this course employs in attempting to answer the core 
questions is reason. This is not to be confused with the kind of reasoning used, 
for example, in the natural or social sciences. It is, rather, reason divorced from 
anything empirical. The course will be organized around three or four major 
mathematical ideas that have emerged since the time of Newton. These ideas 
will be drawn from such fields as calculus, set theory, number theory, probability 
theory, modern algebra, logic, topology, and non-Euclidean geometry. 
Prerequisite: 1332 or by examination. 

1333. Applied Calculus 3 hours 

The goal of this course is to present calculus in an intuitive yet intellectually 
satisfying way and to illustrate the many applications of calculus with particular 
emphasis on the applications to the management sciences, business, economics, 
and the social sciences. This is the recommended calculus course for students in 
business, economics, and other social sciences. Prerequisite: 1332 or by 
examination. 

1335, 1336. Calculus I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This is the first year of a two-year sequence. The courses will provide an 
introduction to the fundamental concepts of calculus, including limits, continuity, 
the derivative, applications of the derivative, the Riemann integral, techniques 
of integration, and applications of the integral. Prerequisite: 1332 or by 
examination; 1335 with a grade of "C-" or higher must precede 1336. 



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2331. 2332. Calculus HI, IV 3 plus 3 hours 

The first semester treats mainly plane and solid analytic geometry, infinite 
series, vectors and parametric equations from the viewpoint of calculus. The 
second semester deals with partial differentiation, multiple integration, and vector 
analysis. Prerequisite: 1336 with a grade of "C-" or higher; 2331 must precede 

2332. A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in 2331 before taking 2332. 

2333. Differential Equations 3 plus 3 hours 

The course treats elementary methods of solution of ordinary linear 
homogeneous and inhomogeneous differential equations with a variety of appli- 
cations. Prerequisite: 1336 with a grade of "C-" or higher. 

2334. College Geometry 3 hours 

A study of the development of Euclidean geometry from different postulate 
systems. 

2335. Discrete Mathematics 3 hours 

A rigorous course in the principal areas of modern discrete mathematics. 
This course provides an introduction to the interrelationships between 
mathematics and computer science. Topics include mathematical logic, set theory, 
boolean algebra, combinatorics, and graph theory. Prerequisite: 1336 with a 
grade of "C-" or higher. 

2338. Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular 
emphasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and 
correlation analysis. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and 
discussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one 
hour of credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the 
student has completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. 
Meetings of the science seminar are normally held twice each month during the 
regular academic year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and 
defend a paper for at least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period 
of enrollment; other seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, 
including members of the science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory 
basis the first two semesters; the third semester is letter-graded. 

3331. Complex Analysis 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to introduce the fundamental ideas of complex 
analysis to students in mathematics, engineering, computer science, and physics. 
The course will focus on both the pure and applied aspects of the subject. Topics 
include complex numbers, analytic functions, elementary functions, integrals, 
series, residues and poles, mapping by elementary functions, and conformal 
mapping. Prerequisite: 2332 with a grade of "C-" or higher. 



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3334. Linear Algebra 3 hours 

This course includes a study of systems of equations, matrix algebra, 
determinants, vector spaces, linear transformations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, 
along with numerous applications of these topics. Prerequisites: 1335 and 1336 
with a grade of "C-" or higher in each course. 

3335. Abstract Algebra 3 hours 

A study of the important structures of modern algebra, including groups, 
rings, and fields. Prerequisite: 3334 with a grade of "C-" or higher. 

4333. Special Topics in Mathematics 3 hours 

Selected topics designed to complete the requirements for a major in math- 
ematics. Topics include real analysis, topology, number theory, probability, 
advanced abstract algebra, differential geometry, etc. Recommended for the 
junior or senior year. Prerequisites: 2332, 3334, and permission of the instructor. 

4337. Independent Study in Mathematics 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic in mathematics. Prerequisite: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor. 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Mathematics 
and Computer Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors 
section of this Bulletin. 



Medical Technology 



Medical technologists play an important role in the delivery of modern 
health care. Although hospitals and clinics are their traditional sites of 
employment, medical technologists also find opportunities in many other 
situations, such as commercial testing laboratories, medical and pharmaceutical 
research facilities, and in the sales and demonstration of technical instruments. 

Students working toward the degree of Bachelor of Science in Medical Tech- 
nology undertake their clinical training at an approved institution after success- 
ful completion of prerequisite academic course work at Oglethorpe University. 
Prerequisites for clinical programs vary among institutions; therefore, students 
should seek additional advisement from the program to which they are applying. 
This will enable the student and the Oglethorpe adviser to design the proper 
sequence of courses and to establish an appropriate time frame for completion 
of degree requirements. Courses to be completed at Oglethorpe will usually 
include the following: General Biology I and II, Microbiology, Human Physiology, 
General Chemistry I and II (with laboratories). Organic Chemistry I and II (with 
laboratories). Elementary Quantitative Analysis, College Algebra or Calculus I, 
and appropriate core courses. At least 60 semester hours must be completed at 
Oglethorpe in order to be eligible for an Oglethorpe degree in medical 
technology. 



155 



Physics 



The physics curriculum is designed to provide well-rounded preparation in 
classical and modern physics. The successful completion of this program will 
prepare the graduate to gain admission to one of the better graduate programs 
in physics or a related scientific field, or to secure employment in a technical, 
scientific, or engineering setting. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in physics are as follows: College Physics I 
and II and Calculus I and II are to be taken concurrently (preferably in the 
freshman year); Classical Mechanics I and II and Calculus III and Calculus IV 
(suggested for the sophomore year); Electricity and Magnetism I and II, Differ- 
ential Equations, and either Mathematical Physics or Complex Analysis (junior 
year); Thermal and Statistical Physics; Advanced Physics Laboratory I and II; 
Introduction to Modern Physics I and II; Introduction to Modern Optics; and 
Special Topics in Theoretical Physics. In addition, all physics majors must take 
three semester hours of Science Seminar. Examination is generally required to 
transfer credit for any of these courses. (College Physics I fulfills a core require- 
ment and is therefore not part of the major per se.) 

Minor 

A minor in physics is offered to provide students v«th an opportunity to 
strengthen and broaden their educational credentials either as an end in itself 
or as an enhancement of future employment prospects. The requirement for the 
physics minor is 10 semester hours of physics course work numbered 2343 or 
higher. 

1341, 1342. General Physics I, H 4 plus 4 hours 

An introductory course without calculus. Fundamental aspects of mechanics, 
heat, light, sound, and electricity are included. The text will be on the level of 
Miller, College Physics. Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per week. 
Prerequisite: 1332; 1341 must precede 1342. 

2341, 2342. College Physics I, II 5 plus 5 hours 

Introductory physics with calculus. Subject matter is the same as in general 
physics but on a level more suited to physics majors, engineering majors, etc. 
One year of calculus as a prerequisite is preferred, otherwise calculus must be 
taken concurrently. The text will be on the level of Halliday and Resnick, 
Fundamentals of Physics. Prerequisite: 2341 with a grade of "C-" or higher must 
precede 2342. 

2343, 2344. Classical Mechanics I, 11 3 plus 3 hours 

This is the student's first introduction to theoretical physics. Lagrangian 
and Hamiltonian methods are developed with Newton's laws of motion and 
applied to a variety of contemporary problems. Emphasis is placed on problem 
work, the object being to develop physical intuition and facility for translating 
physical problems into mathematical terms. The text will be on the level of 



156 



Analytical Mechanics by Fowles. Prerequisites: 1336 and 2342 with a grade of 
"C-" or higher in each course. A grade of "C-" or higher must be earned in 2343 
before taking 2344. 

2345. Fundamentals of Electronics 4 hours 

A laboratory course designed primarily for science majors and dual degree 
engineering students. Coverage includes DC and AC circuits, semi-conductor 
devices, amplifiers, oscillators, and digital devices. The intent is to provide a 
working understanding of common instrumentation in science and technology. 
Prerequisite: 1342 or 2344 with a grade of "C-" or higher. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and 
discussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one 
hour of credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the 
student has completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. 
Meetings of the science seminar are normally held twice each month during the 
regular academic year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and 
defend a paper for at least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period 
of enrollment; other seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, 
including members of the science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/ unsatisfactory 
basis the first two semesters; the third semester is letter-graded. 

3341, 3342. Electricity and Magnetism I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A thorough introduction to one of the two fundamental disciplines of classical 
physics, using vector calculus methods. After a brief review .of vector analysis, 
the first semester will treat electrostatic and magnetic fields and provide an 
introduction to the special theory of relativity. The second semester will develop 
electrodynamics, including Maxwell's equations, the propagation of 
electromagnetic waves, radiation, and the electromagnetic theory of light. The 
treatment will be on the level of the text of Reitz, Milford, and Christy. It is 
recommended that 2333 be taken concurrently. Prerequisites: 2332 and 2342 
with a grade of "C-" or higher in each course; 3341 must precede 3342. 

3343. Thermal and Statistical Physics 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to provide physics, engineering, and chemistry 
majors with a fundamental understanding of heat and the equilibrium behavior 
of complex systems. Topics will include the zeroth, first and second laws of 
thermodynamics with applications to closed and open systems; microcanonical 
and canonical ensembles for classical and quantum systems, with applications to 
ideal gases, specific heats, blackbody radiation, etc.; the kinetic description of 
equilibrium properties. Text will be on the level of Kestin and Dorfman or 
Zemansky. Prerequisites: 1336 and 2342 with a grade of "C-" or higher in each 



157 



3344. Advanced Physics Laboratory I 1 hour 

Laboratory work will emphasize classic experiments such as the ballistic 
pendulum, hard sphere scattering, the Millikan oil drop experiment, the 
Michelson interferometer, etc. Emphasis also will be placed on measuring 
fundamental constants such as the speed of light, h, G, e and e/m. Prerequisite: 
2342 with a grade of "C-" or higher. 

3345. Advanced Physics Laboratory 11 1 hour 

Laboratory work will emphasize modern physics in areas such as microwave 
optics, superconductivity, measurements of magnetic fields, electron spin 
resonance, the Franck-Hertz experiment, laser optics, etc. Prerequisites: 3344 
and 434 L 

3346. Introduction to Modern Optics 4 hours 

A standard intermediate-level optics course which will treat the basics of 
wave theory and the electromagnetic origin of optical phenomena, geometrical 
optics, physical optics including Fourier optics, Fraunhofer and Fresnel 
diffraction, and dispersion. The course will conclude with some consideration 
of current topics such as holography, quantum optics, and non-linear optics. 
Prerequisites: 2333 and 2342 with a grade of "C-" or higher in each course. 

4341, 4342. Introduction to Modern Physics I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

For physics, engineering, and chemistry majors, this is a one-year sequence 
that discusses the most important developments in 20th-century physics. The 
first semester will review special relativity and treat the foundations of quantum 
physics from a historical perspective, the quantum theory of one-electron atoms 
will be developed. In the second semester, there will be a treatment of many- 
electron atoms, molecules, and solids, with an introduction to nuclear and 
elementary particle physics. The text will be on the level of Eisberg and Resnick, 
Quantum Physics. Prerequisites: 2342 and 3342; 4341 must precede 4342. 

4343. Special Topics in Theoretical Physics 1-3 hours 

Topics to be chosen in accordance with the student's interest include laser 
physics, plasma physics, theory of the solid state, nuclear and particle physics, 
astrophysics, and cosmology. 

4345. Mathematical Physics 3 hours 

This course will examine a variety of mathematical ideas and methods used 
in physical sciences. Topics may include: vector calculus; solutions of partial 
differential equations, including the wave and heat equations; special functions; 
eigen value problems; Fourier analysis and mathematical modeling, particularly 
numerical computer methods. Prerequisite: 2333 with a grade of "C-" or higher. 

4347. Independent Study in Physics 1-3 hours 

Supervised study of a topic of interest to the student, which is not treated in 
the regularly scheduled course offerings. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 



158 



Pre-medical Studies 



A student who plans to attend a professional school of medicine, dentistry, 
optometry, pharmacy or veterinary medicine should plan a program of studies 
at Oglethorpe in consultation with a faculty member who is a designated pre- 
medical adviser. It is desirable for the pre-medical students to begin the process 
of undergraduate program planning with a pre-medical adviser. It is essential 
that contact be established by the second semester of the student's freshman 
year. 

Professional schools of health science require for admission successful 
completion of a specified sequence of courses in the natural sciences, courses in 
the humanities and social services, as well as the submission of acceptable scores 
on appropriate standardized tests. However, pre-medical students have a wide 
latitude of choice with regard to the major selected. Students should familiarize 
themselves with the particular admission requirements of the type of profes- 
sional school they plan to enter prior to deciding on the course of study to be 
pursued at Oglethorpe. 

Some schools of medicine, dentistry, and veterinary medicine will admit 
highly qualified applicants who have completed all admission requirements for 
the professional school during three years of study at an undergraduate institu- 
tion. (Four years of undergraduate wprk and a bachelor's degree are standard 
requirements; admission after three years is highly atypical and is not available 
at all schools.) It is possible for students to enter an allopathic or osteopathic 
medical school, dental school or veterinary school (no other health professions 
schools are eligible) after three years of study at Oglethorpe to complete their 
bachelor's degree under the Professional Option. By specific arrangement be- 
tween the professional school and Oglethorpe University, and in accordance 
with regulations of both institutions, after successful completion of all academic 
requirements of the first year in the professional school, the student receives a 
degree from Oglethorpe University when certified to be in good standing at the 
professional school. Students interested in this possibility should consult with 
their advisers to make certain that all conditions are met; simultaneous enroll- 
ment in several science courses each semester during the three years at 
Oglethorpe likely will be required to meet minimum expectations for taking 
professional school admission tests and to meet admission requirements for the 
professional school. All Oglethorpe core courses must be completed before the 
student enrolls in the professional school. 



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Division IV 

Behavioral Sciences 




The Division of Behavioral Sciences includes the disciplines of psychology 
and sociology. These two fields share their roots in the intellectual climate of 
the 19th Century when the influence of positivism created an interest in under- 
standing the human phenomena of mind and society through the empirical 
methods that had proven successful in recent advances in the natural sciences. 
Questions previously considered purely philosophical in nature became the 
province of study in the new disciplines. The division offers majors in American 
Studies, Business Administration and Behavioral Sciences, Psychology, Sociol- 
ogy, and Sociology with a Concentration in Social Work. 

American Studies 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in American 
Studies, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this 
Bulletin. 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Business Ad- 
ministration and Behavioral Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs 
and Majors section of this Bulletin. 



Psychology 



Psychology uses scientific methods to study a broad range of topics related 
to behavior and mental processes, including motivation, learning and memory, 
human development and personality, psychological disorders, social interaction, 
and physiological bases for behavior and thought. The study of psychology should 
help a student to develop skills in three basic areas: skills associated with the 
scientific method, including data collection, analysis, and interpretation; skills 
that are useful in the construction and evaluation of theories, such as analytic 
and synthetic reasoning; and skills in human relations through which the student 
learns to become a more precise and more tolerant observer of human behavior 
and individual differences. Many students with a background in psychology choose 
careers in psychology-related fields, such as counseling, psychotherapy, or 
research, but many others choose careers that are not so directly tied to 
psychology. For example, psychology provides a good background for careers in 
law, education, marketing, management, public relations, publishing, and 
communications. 

Major 

The major consists of at least nine psychology courses beyond Psychological 
Inquiry, including Statistics, Research Design, Advanced Experimental Psychology, 
and History and Systems of Psychology. Psychology majors also are expected to 
complete the following three directed electives: General Biology I and II, and 
either a third semester of a laboratory science, an upper-level philosophy course 
or Introduction to Linguistics. The degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 



162 



Minor 

A minor in psychology consists of any five psychology courses beyond 
Psychological Inquiry. No course can be used to satisfy both major and minor 
requirements. 

C462. Psychological Inquiry 3 hours 

This course presents a unique way of understanding ourselves: the use of 
the empirical method to obtain information about human and animal behavior. 
Psychological experimentation will be shown to contribute to human self- 
understanding through its production of interesting, reliable, and often counter- 
intuitive results. Topics to be considered may include obedience to authority, 
learned helplessness, alcoholism, persuasion, intelligence, and dreaming. These 
topics will be examined from a variety of potentially conflicting perspectives: 
behavioral, cognitive, developmental, biological, and psychoanalytic. This course 
serves as a prerequisite for all upper-level courses in psychology. 

2338. Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular 
emphasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and 
correlation analysis. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

2462. Child/ Adolescent Psychology 3 hours 

The ways in which individuals understand the world and each other change 
dramatically from birth to adolescence. This course will trace these develop- 
ments, particularly those of cognition, social behavior, and self-concept. The 
factors influencing development, such as heredity and the social/ cultural 
environment, will be emphasized. Prerequisite: C462. 

2464. Organizational Psychology 3 hours 

Organizations and the individuals who function within them will be examined 
from the perspective of psychological theory and research. Consideration will 
be given both to broad topics relevant to all organizations, such as communica- 
tion, groups, and leadership, and to topics specific to the work environment, 
such as employee selection, training, and evaluation. Prerequisite: C462. 

2465. Learning and Conditioning 3 hours 

Making use of data obtained in the laboratory and in natural settings, this 
course will examine how humans and animals seek and acquire information and 
how they then familiarize themselves with the spatial and temporal structure of 
their surroundings, make correlational or predictive inferences, and express 
these inferences behavior ally. Prerequisite: C462. 

2473. Social Psychology 3 hours 

Social psychology is the study of human beings in interaction with each 
other or under the pressure of forces of social influence. The course will include 
a consideration of conformity, persuasion, attraction, aggression, self 
presentation, and other relevant aspects of social life. Prerequisite: C462. 



163 



3461. Research Design 4 hours 

Through a combination of class discussion and hands-on research activity, 
this course provides students with exposure to a variety of research approaches. 
The course begins with an examination of descriptive methods, such as 
naturalistic observation, surveys, and archival research, and concludes with an 
analysis of controlled experimental methods. Quasi-experimental designs and 
applications of research methods are also explored. Prerequisites: C462 and 
2338. 

3462. Advanced Experimental Psychology 4 hours 

This sequel to the Research Design course provides an in-depth analysis of 
controlled experimentation in a laboratory setting. Each student will design and 
conduct an individual research project to fulfill the laboratory component of 
the course. Prerequisite: 3461. 

3463. Psychological Testing 3 hours 

This course covers the selection, interpretation, and applications of psycho- 
logical tests, including tests of intellectual ability, vocational and academic 
aptitudes, and personaUty. The most common uses of test results in educational 
institutions, clinical settings, business, government, and the military will be 
considered. The history of psychological testing and the interpretation of test 
results also will be considered from both traditional and critical perspectives. 
Although students will have the opportunity to see many psychological tests, 
this course is not intended to train students actually to administer tests. 
Prerequisites: C462 and 2338. 

3464. Psychology of Leadership 3 hours 

The concept of leadership will be explored within the context of psycho- 
logical research and theory. Students will be invited to examine a variety of 
approaches to leadership and to analyze them critically. Activities that foster the 
development of effective leadership abilities and strategies will be an important 
component of the course. Prerequisite: C462. 

3465. Theories of Personality 3 hours 

The goal of this course is to acquaint the student with the major theories of 
personality and with approaches to the scientific evaluation of them. Students 
will be encouraged to engage in critical analysis and theoretical comparisons of 
the ideas presented from diverse, and often contradictory, perspectives. 
Prerequisite: C462. 

3466. Abnormal Psychology 3 hours 

There are three main goals in this course. The first is to enhance the student's 
understanding of psychopathology and major treatment approaches. The second 
is to help the student learn to evaluate critically the research evidence regarding 
therapeutic interventions. The third is to encourage a self examination of the 
student's attitudes and those of our society regarding mental illness and the full 
range of human individual differences. Prerequisite: C462. 



164 



3467. Cognitive Psychology 3 hours 

The course explores the nature and function of human thought processes. 
Topics to be considered include perception, attention, remembering and 
forgetting, mental imagery, psycholinguistics, problem-solving, and reasoning. 
Prerequisite: C462. 

3468. Neuroscience I: Foundations 3 hours 

This course will cover the anatomy, pharmacology, and physiology of the 
nervous system, neural development, and the establishment of synapses. An 
investigation will follow of the neural mechanisms of vision, hearing, taste, and 
smell, plus a study of skin and muscle as sensory organs. Prerequisites: C462 and 
1312. 

3469. Neuroscience 11: Behavior 3 hours 

This course will begin with a study of neural mechanisms of bodily move- 
ment, and then investigate neural and hormonal correlates of sleep, biological 
rhythms, hunger and feeding, brain stimulation reward, sexual behavior, and 
drug self-administration. The neural bases of learning and memory will be 
discussed in considerable depth. Interactions between the nervous, endocrine, 
and immune systems will be discussed and the neural mechanisms thought to 
underlie schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, epilepsy, and Alzheimer's disease 
will be considered. Prerequisite: 3468. 

4461. History and Systems of Psychology 3 hours 

A study of the historic development of modern psychology, this course covers 
its philosophical and scientific ancestry, the major schools of thought, the 
contemporary systems of psychology, and their theoretical and empirical differ- 
ences. Recommended for the senior year. Prerequisite: C462. 

4462. Special Topics in Psychology 3 hours 

The seminar will provide examination and discussion of various topics of 
contemporary interest in psychology. Prerequisites: C462 and one additional 
psychology course. 

4463. Directed Research in Psychology 3 hours 

Original investigations and detailed studies of the literature in selected areas 
of psychology will be supervised by a faculty member. Emphasis will be on origi- 
nal research. Prerequisites: 3462 and permission of the instructor. 

4464. Advanced Topics in Clinical Psychology 3 hours 

The focus of the course is on the examination and discussion of topics of 
contemporary interest in clinical psychology. Prerequisites: 3465 and 3466. 

4465. Internship - Psychology 1-6 hours 

Internships in psychology are designed to provide students the opportunity 
to acquire valuable experiences in settings where psychology is practiced. A faculty 
member and on-site supervisor provide guidance to the student in selecting 
appropriate activities and achieving specific learning objectives. Successful 



165 



internships in recent years have been completed in a variety of settings including 
Charter Brook Hospital, Yerkes Primate Center, Elrick and Lavidge marketing 
research firm, and the DeKalb Headstart program. Graded on a satisfactory/ 
unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and 
qualification for the internship program. 

4466. Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior 3 hours 

This course surveys the actions of psychoactive drugs, particularly those 
associated with addiction and abuse (opioids, stimulants, sedatives, hallucinogens, 
anabolic/androgenic steroids) and those used to treat mental illness (benzo- 
diazepines, antidepressants, antipsychotics, anticonvulsants). Pertinent legal, 
social, and political issues also will be discussed. Prerequisites: C462 and 1312. 

4467. Pain and Analgesia 3 hours 

This course provides an analysis of pain and pain treatment. Pain will be 
discussed as a unique sensation that is not necessarily associated with tissue 
injury and that is highly prone to suggestion, stress and other psychological 
variables. Some well-known pain syndromes (phantom-limb pain, referred pain, 
causalgia, and pain resulting from burns, tumors, and viral infections of nerves) 
will be investigated. The brain's own means of inhibiting pain will be covered. 
Also, the actions of narcotics and over-the-counter analgesics (aspirin, 
acetaminophen, ibuprofen) and nonpharmacological approaches to analgesia 
(nerve stimulation and lesions) will be considered. Prerequisites: C462 and 1312. 

4468. Independent Study in Psychology 1-3 hours 

This course provides the opportunity for an intense study of diverse topics 
under the direct supervision of the instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 



Sociology 



Sociology is the scientific study of human society and social behavior. The 
field includes the study of the family, religion, culture, social classes, minorities, 
criminal behavior, and a variety of other topics. In addition to increasing one's 
insights into the social world, sociology gives one many opportunities to write 
and to improve one's analytical skills. Career opportunities open to sociologists 
include work in criminology, demography, journalism, social welfare, and 
marketing. The study of sociology also prepares the student for many graduate 
and professional programs. 

Major 

The sociology major consists of a minimum of 10 sociology courses beyond 
Human Nature and the Social Order I and II, including Introduction to Sociology, 
Statistics, Research Design, Sociological Theory, and six additional sociology 
courses selected by the student. In addition, two upper-level courses in economics, 
history, philosophy, politics, psychology, or writing also must be completed. 
The degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 



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Minor 

A minor in sociology consists of Introduction to Sociology and any other 
four sociology courses beyond Human Nature and the Social Order I and II. No 
course can be used to satisfy both major and minor requirements. 

Sociology with Social Work Concentration 

Nine sociology courses beyond Introduction to Sociology plus a semester in 
field placement (12-15 semester hours) constitute this major. The required courses 
are: Field of Social Work, Methods of Social Work, The Family, Minority Peoples, 
Statistics, and Deviance and Social Control, plus three sociology electives. Students 
are encouraged to complete a minor in psychology. 

C271, C272. Human Nature and the Social Order I, H 3 plus 3 hours 

The courses in this year-long study are devoted to the careful study of classic 
texts that lie at the common roots of all the contemporary social sciences. The 
ciim is to show how contemporary social science is a form of "moral inquiry" 
that responds to questions intelligent human beings always have asked. To this 
end, the focus will be on various compelling and distinctive treatments of the 
enduring questions about justice and the good life. The question will be posed 
whether there is a single or plural human good and whether this good (or these 
goods) can or must be pursued within the confines of a social or political order. 
Works will be studied by such thinkers as Aristotle, John Locke, Adam Smith, 
Alexis de Tocqueville, and Max Weber. 

1471. Introduction to Sociology 3 hours 

The study of human society, the nature of culture and its organization. 
Topics to be covered include culture, the self, social classes, power structures, 
social movements, criminal behavior, and a variety of institutional forms. 
Emphasis is placed on basic concepts and principal findings of the field. 

2338. Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular 
emphasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and 
correlation analysis. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

2471. The Family 3 hours 

An analysis of the family institution as a background for the study of family 
interaction, socialization, and the parent-child relationship, courtship and 
marriage interaction, family crises and problems. 

2472. The American Experience 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to acquaint students with basic aspects of the 
American experience. Special attention is paid to the individual's relationship 
to the community and the state. Specific topics of discussion include Populism, 
Social Darwinism, Federalism, the role of advertising in folk culture, the 
relationship of technology and democracy, and America's exploring spirit. Both 



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primary and secondary sources are assigned as readings. The primary sources 
include essays by Emerson, Thoreau, Frederick Jackson Turner, Andrew Carnegie, 
auid William Jennings Bryan. 

2473. Social Psychology 3 hours 

Social psychology is the study of human beings in interaction with each 
other or under the pressure offerees of social influence. The course will include 
a consideration of conformity, persuasion, attraction, aggression, self presenta- 
tion, and other relevant aspects of social life. Prerequisite: C462. 

2474. Social Problems 3 hours 

A study of the impact of current social forces upon American society. 
Deviation from social norms, conflict concerning social goals and values, and 
social disorganization as these apply to family, economic, religious, and other 
institutional and interpersonal situations are of primary concern. 

3461. Research Design 4 hours 

Through a combination of class discussion and hands-on research activity, 
this course will provide the student with exposure to a variety of research 
approaches. The course begins with an examination of descriptive methods, 
such as naturalistic observation, surveys, and archival research, and concludes 
with an analysis of controlled experimental methods. Quasi-experimental designs 
and applications of research methods are also explored. Prerequisites: C462 and 
2338. 

3470. Culture and Society 3 hours 

A study of the dynamics of Western and non- Western cultures that focuses 
on the contrast between traditional and modern cultures. Special attention will 
be given to analyzing cultural forms that define what is and is not permitted 
(such as food taboos and sexual norms), cultural elites (such as Christian 
monastics, Hindu Brahmins, and Marxist revolutionaries), and cultural revolu- 
tions (Christian, humanist, and post-Freudian). 

3471. Cultural Anthropology 3 hours 

An introduction to the study of people and their cultures, using material 
from folk and modern cultures throughout the world. Emphasis is given to 
development of understanding of culture - its purpose, meaning, and function. 

3472. The Sociology of Work and Occupations 3 hours 

This course has three purposes. First, to analyze the means by which non- 
economic institutions, especially the family, schools, and religious institutions, 
influence the formation of "human capital." Second, to study the history and 
contemporary nature of the professions. And third, to analyze the relationship 
between the external control of workers and their internal motivation. 

3473. Field of Social Work 3 hours 

An orientation course based on the description and analysis of the historical 
development of social work and the operation in contemporary society of the 
many social work activities. Prerequisite: 1471. 



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3474. Methods of Social Work 3 hours 

A study of the methods used in social work in contemporary social work 
activities. Prerequisite: 3473. 

3475. Minority Peoples 3 hours 

A study of minority peoples using both the sociological and economic 
perspectives. Although other types are considered, particular attention is focused 
on racial and cultural minorities in terms of the prejudice and discrimination 
they receive and the effect this has on their personalities and ways of life. 

3476. Religion and Society 3 hours 

An examination of religion as a social institution, its internal development, 
relationship to other institutions, and its cultural and social significance in 
modern societies. Special attention will be given to the conflict between spirit 
and institution in Christianity; the rise and decline of denominationalism; 
fundamentalism and evangelicals past and present; and the modern psychologiz- 
ing of religion. 

3478. Wealth, Status, and Power 3 hours 

An examination of the social stratification of rewards and privileges in 
American society, focusing on the analysis of economic, status and power 
structures; the history of the upper class; institutionalized "power" elites; changing 
status systems; and the position of minorities. 

3479. Literature and Society 3 hours 

This course is a study of social theory in literature and its implications for 
the conduct of life. It will focus on an intensive reading of selected texts from 
late 19th- and 20th-century literature. Literary figures may include Dostoevsky, 
Conrad, Kafka, Camus, and others. Not offered regularly. 

4471. Field Experience in Social Work 12-15 hours 

Students concentrating in social work are placed with various social work 
agencies in the Atlanta area for on-the-job practicum experience. Successful field 
experiences have been gained at a variety of settings in recent years, including 
Wesley Woods Health Center, West Paces Ferry Hospital, and Kennestone 
Hospital. Prerequisites: 3474 and permission of the instructor and the division 
chair. 

4472. Deviance and Social Control 3 hours 

An examination of behaviors which do not conform to moral and legal 
codes and the ways in which societies control such behaviors. Particular emphasis 
will be given to American society. The readings will include classic and current 
analyses. 

4473. Senior Seminar in American Studies 3 hours 

This course offers an intensive examination of a selected topic in American 
history, politics, culture, or society. Among the subjects may be the relationships 
of religion and politics, American intellectual history, and the development and 
growth of national government and politics. 



4474. Sociological Theory 3 hours 

A study of selected classical and contemporary theorists such as Max Weber, 
Emile Durkheim, Robert Merton, and Erving Goffman, ranging from the mid- 
19th century through the 20th century. Topics may include the rise of capitalism, 
theories of alienation and anomie, economic and cultural conflict, and modern 
individualism. Offered every other year. Prerequisites: C272 and 1471. 

4475. Special Topics in Sociology 1-3 hours 

A seminar providing examination and discussion of various topics of 
contemporary and historical interest in sociology. Prerequisite: Permission of 
the instructor. 

4477. Internship - Sociology 1-6 hours 

Internships in sociology are designed to provide students the opportunity 
to acquire valuable experiences in settings in which sociologists work. A faculty 
member and on-site supervisor provide guidance to the student in selecting 
appropriate activities and achieving specific learning objectives. Successful 
internships in recent years have been completed in a variety of settings, including 
the Georgia Council for Child Abuse, the Methodist Children's Home, and Unisys 
Corporation. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4478. Independent Study in Sociology 1-3 hours 

An intense study of diverse topics under the direct supervision of the 
instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4479. Internship - American Studies 3 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 
a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperat- 
ing business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings. Prerequisite: Permission of the faculty supervisor and 
qualification for the internship program. 



170 



Division V 

Economics and 
Business Administration 




The Division of Economics and Business Administration offers course work 
leading to the Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts degrees. The Bachelor 
of Science degree may be earned in the following majors: (1) accounting, 
(2) business administration, (3) business administration and computer science, 
or (4) economics. The Bachelor of Arts degree is offered with a major in 
economics. 

Students wishing to earn the Bachelor of Science with a major in business 
administration may elect to concentrate in one of the following areas: 
(1) finance, (2) international business studies, (3) management, or (4) market- 
ing. Students also may major in business administration without concentrating 
in a specific area. 

Interdisciplinary majors may be earned with the following degrees: a Bachelor 
of Arts in business administration and behavioral science and a Bachelor of 
Science in mathematics and computer science. For more information on the 
interdisciplinary majors, please refer to the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors 
section in this Bulletin. 

In addition to core requirements, all students receiving a degree through 
the Division of Economics and Business Administration, either the Bachelor of 
Science or the Bachelor of Arts in Economics, are required to complete the 
following courses: 

1333 Applied Calculus or 1335 Calculus I 

1521 Introduction to Economics 

2338 Statistics 

2519 Management Science 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Two advanced (usually 3000- or 4000-level) courses taken outside the 
Division of Economics and Business Administration 
Students wishing to receive a Bachelor of Science degree also must com- 
plete the following courses: 
1510 Business Law I 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 

2560 Principles of Management: Understanding the Organizational Con- 
text of Leadership 

3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

3510 Managerial Finance 

3550 Marketing 

4569 Strategic Management (to be taken in the senior year) 

Students are responsible for insuring that they fulfill all requirements of 

the major selected. A grade of "C" or better must be obtained in each course 

required by the Division of Economics and Business Administration. A course 

used to fulfill one requirement cannot be used to fulfill a different requirement. 



Accounting 



The essence of accounting is measurement and communication. The objec- 
tive is to provide information that is useful to decision-makers who must choose 

172 



between economic alternatives. Accordingly, the field focuses on information 
concerning economic resources, claims to those resources, and the results of 
economic activity. The purpose of the major in accounting is to acquaint the 
student with this information and to develop the analytic ability necessary to 
produce it. The student learns to observe economic activity; to select from that 
activity the events which are relevant to particular decisions; to measure the 
economic consequences of those events in quantitative terms; to record, classify, 
and summarize the resulting data; and to communicate the information thereby 
produced in various reports and statements to appropriate decision-makers. 

The major in accounting consists of a coherent sequence of accounting and 
other courses which provide the conceptual foundation and basic skills to begin 
a career in accounting practice or to use as an appropriate background for such 
related careers as financial services, computer science, management, industrial 
engineering, law and others. Accountants work in public accounting, business, 
government, and non-profit organizations. 

Major 

The courses required of all students pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree 
are the 17 listed above plus Intermediate Accounting I and II, Cost Accounting, 
Advanced Accounting, Income Tax Accounting: Individuals, Auditing, Business 
Law II, and one of the following: Income Tax Accounting: Corporations, Part- 
nerships, Estates, and Trusts; Accounting Control Systems; or Development of 
Accounting Theory. 

Minor 

Principles of Accounting I and II and three courses from the following are 
required for a minor in accounting: Intermediate Accounting I, Intermediate 
Accounting II, Cost Accounting, Income Tjix Accounting: Individuals, or Advanced 
Accounting. 

2530. Principles of Accounting I 3 hours 

A study of accounting principles and concepts with emphasis on their appli- 
cation in financial statements. The use of accounting in business management 
and in decision making is stressed. 

2531. Principles of Accounting 11 3 hours 

A study of the utilization of accounting information in business manage- 
ment with emphasis on decision making within the firm. Prerequisite: 2530. 

3532. Intermediate Accounting 1 3 hours 

A study of accounting theories and related standards and their application 
to the preparation and correction of financial statements, to the measurement 
of periodic income, and to the capital structure of business corporations. 
Prerequisite: 2531. 

3533. Intermediate Accounting II 3 hours 

The study of accounting theories and standards as related to the more 
specialized problems of liabilities, investments, pensions, accounting for income 
taxes, accounting changes, and cash flow statements. Prerequisite: 3532. 



173 



3534. Cost and Managerial Accounting 3 hours 

A study of analytical techniques and methodologies used to generate 
managerial accounting information, with emphasis on product costing, resource 
allocation, planning, and control. Prerequisite: 2531. 

3535. Income Tax Accounting: Individuals 3 hours 

A study of the income tax laws and related accounting problems of 
individuals. Prerequisite: 2531. 

3536. Income Tax Accounting: Corporations, Partnerships, 

Estates, and Trusts 3 hours 

A study of the income tax laws and related accounting problems of corpora- 
tions and partnerships, with some consideration of estates and trusts. 
Prerequisite: 3535. 

4534. Internship - Accounting 1-6 hours 

An internship in accounting is designed to provide the student with an 
opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional accounting and 
interpersonal skills in a supervised business environment. The student, in 
conjunction with a business faculty member and an on-site internship supervi- 
sor, develops appropriate activities for achieving specific learning goals. The 
internship generally requires the student to work a specified number of hours 
per week, keep a written journal of the work experience, have regularly sched- 
uled meetings with the faculty supervisor, and write a research paper dealing 
with some aspect of the internship. An evaluation is prepared by the on-site 
internship supervisor. Internship opportunities are diverse and have included 
such organizations as Price Waterhouse, Georgia Pacific, and Miller, Ray, Healey 
and Houser. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4535. Advanced Accounting 3 hours 

The application of accounting principles and concepts to specialized business 
situations, including mergers, acquisitions, consolidations, foreign currency 
exchange, and governmental accounting. Prerequisite: 3533. 

4536. Accounting Control Systems 3 hours 

A study of the analysis, design, implementation, and control of manage- 
ment information systems. Emphasis is on the role of information systems in 
business, the development and control of information systems, and the applica- 
tion of information systems to the various transaction cycles of the firm. 
Prerequisites: 2531 and 2540 or 2541 or 2542. 

4537. Auditing 3 hours 

A study of auditing standards and procedures, including the use of statistical 
and other quantitative techniques, and preparation of audit working papers, 
reports, and financial statements. Emphasis is placed upon the criteria for the 
establishment of internal controls and the effect of these controls on examina- 
tions and reports. Prerequisites: 2338 and 3533. 



174 



I 



4539. Development of Accounting Theory 3 hours 

A study of the historical development of accounting theory from ancient 
times to the present. Course consists of reading, discussions, and reports on 
accounting theory with emphasis on the conceptual aspects of accounting rather 
than technical issues. Prerequisite: 3533. 

Business Administration 

The business administration curriculum is designed to prepare students for 
careers as business leaders who will earn their livelihoods by discerning and 
satisfying people's wants and needs. Success in this endeavor requires (1) the 
ability to think independently, (2) knowledge of business terminology and busi- 
ness institutions, both domestic and international, and (3) communication skills. 
The ability to think independently is enhanced through study of the courses in 
the core curriculum and through a requirement that each student must com- 
plete advanced work in at least one area of business. Courses in economics and 
the functional areas of business administration introduce the student to busi- 
ness institutions, terminology, and methods of inquiry. Required courses in 
Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions and the capstone course. 
Strategic Management, provide practice in thinking and communicating. 

The program in business administration is also designed to give graduates 
a solid foundation in the concepts and analysis of business functional areas that 
will be needed for graduate study. Many graduates go on to receive a Master of 
Business Administration degree or a master's degree in a specific business area. 

In addition to preparing students for business careers and graduate school, 
the program in business administration is valuable preparation for other careers. 
Students learn administrative skills and methods of inquiry that are applicable 
in governmental and non-profit organizations. Since much legal practice involves 
businesses and a knowledge of business terminology and institutions, this major 
is an excellent background for the study and practice of law. 

The three required advanced electives may be taken in a specific functional 
area as a concentration or taken in different areas. Concentration requirements 
are listed below. 

Note: Some courses listed under concentrations have been offered or are pro- 
jected to be offered under the rubric 4595 Special Topics in Business 
Administration. 

Finance 

1. Two from the following: 

4510 Advanced Managerial Finance 

4511 Investments 
4595 Bank Management 

2. One from the following: 

3532 Intermediate Accounting I 

3534 Cost and Managerial Accounting 

3535 Income Tax Accounting: Individuals 

3536 Income Tax Accounting: 

Corporations, Partnerships, Estates, and Trusts 



175 



3570 International Business 

4520 Public Finance 

4521 Money and Banking or 

A course from the first category of choice not used to fulfill that 
requirement 

International Business Studies 

1. One from the following: 

3570 International Business 

4595 International Business Competitiveness 

2. One from the following: 

3527 Economic Development 
4523 International Economics 

3. One from the following: 

2223 International Relations 

3169 Japanese Philosophy 

A foreign language course at the intermediate level or higher 

A course from the first category of choice not used to fulfill 

that requirement 

Management 

1. The following course is required: 

4561 Total Quality Management 

2. One from the following: 

3562 Human Resources Management 

3570 International Business 

4595 Insights Into Great Leaders in Action - Biographical Analysis 

4595 Entrepreneurship and Innovation 

4595 International Business Competitiveness 

3. One from the following: 

2464 Organizational Psychology 

3472 The Sociology of Work and Occupations 

A course from the second category of choice not used to fulfill that 

requirement 

Marketing 

1. Three from the following: 

3552 Marketing Communications 

4556 Marketing Research 

4595 Direct Marketing 

4595 Retailing 

4595 Marketing Management 

Major 

Major requirements include the 17 courses required of all students pursu- 
ing the Bachelor of Science degree (listed at the beginning of the Division V 
section) plus three advanced (3000- or 4000-level) courses in business, account- 
ing, economics, or computer science. Courses not included as advanced courses 
are 3523, 3524, 3527, 4526, 4527, 4534, 4539, and 4590. (See also concentration 
requirements for business administration.) 

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I 



I 



1510. Business Law I 3 hours 

A course designed to give the student an awareness of a limited area of 
those aspects of the law which will be needed in day-to-day dealings with the 
problems of business. Special emphasis is placed upon the law of contracts, 
negotiable instruments, agency, and a study of the Uniform Commercial Code 
as it applies. 

1511. Business Law 11 3 hours 

A study of partnerships, corporations, sales, bailments, security devices, 
property, bankruptcy, and trade infringements. Prerequisite: 1510. 

2223. International Relations 3 hours 

An introduction to the great debates about how to explain, conduct, and 
evaluate foreign policy. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of nuclear 
weapons in the contemporary world and the question of why wars do and do not 
occur. Recommended prerequisite: C212. 

2338. Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular 
emphasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and nor- 
mal distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and 
correlation analysis. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

2464. Organizational Psychology 3 hours 

Orgamizations and the individuals who function within them will be examined 
from the perspective of psychological theory and research. Consideration will 
be given both to broad topics relevant to all organizations, such as communica- 
tion, groups, and leadership, and to topics specific to the work environment, 
such as employee selection, training, and evaluation. Prerequisite: C462. 

2519. Management Science 3 hours 

An introduction to operations research, model building, optimization, linear 
programming, inventory models, and simulation. Major techniques and models 
of quantitative analysis as applied to business are studied. Prerequisites: 1333 or 
1335, 2338 and 2540 or 2541 or 2542. 

2560. Principles of Management: Understanding the Organizational 

Context of Leadership 3 hours 

An introduction to the principles of management and administration. This 
course includes leadership, conflict resolution, and the functions of manage- 
ment in large and small organizations. 

3169. Japanese Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the development of Japanese philosophy from the fifth century 
A.D. to the present, including the Western influence on Japanese thought since 
1877. Prerequisite: C161. 



177 



3191. Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 3 hours 

A course for students who have mastered the basic skills and insights of 
writing and who wish to improve their ability to write clear, concise, persuasive 
expository prose. Oral presentations and practice in listening with accuracy 
constitute another element of the course. Weekly writing assignments. 
Prerequisites: C191 and one year-long literature sequence. 

3464. Psychology of Leadership 3 hours 

The concept of leadership will be explored within the context of psycho- 
logical research and theory. Students will be invited to examine a variety of 
approaches to leadership and to analyze them critically. Activities that foster the 
development of effective leadership abilities and strategies will be an important 
component of the course. Prerequisite: C462. 

3472. The Sociology of Work and Occupations 3 hours 

This course has three purposes. First, to analyze the means by which non- 
economic institutions, especially the family, schools, and religious institutions, 
influence the formation of "human capital." Second, to study the history and 
contemporary nature of the professions. And third, to analyze the relationship 
between the external control of workers and their internal motivation. 

3510. Managerial Finance 3 hours 

A study of the basic principles of organizational finance and its relation to 
other aspects of business management and to the economic environment within 
which the firm operates. Attention is given to basic financial concepts, techniques 
of financial analysis, sources of funding, asset management, capital budgeting 
fundamentals, capital structure, cost of capital, time value of money, and finan- 
cial decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. Prerequisites: 1521 and 
2531. 

3550. Marketing 3 hours 

A course concerned with the policies and problems involved in the operation 
of market institutions. The course examines broad principles in the organiza- 
tion and direction of the marketing function and analytical aspects of marketing 
and consumer behavior. Prerequisites: 1521 and 2531. 

3552. Marketing Communications 3 hours 

Principles, concepts, and practices relating to the various kinds of commu- 
nications employed to disseminate information about products and services to 
potential buyers. Communication methods to be studied include advertising, 
personal selling, sales promotion, and public relations. The behavioral aspects 
of both messages and media will be explored. Prerequisite: 3550. 

3562. Human Resources Management 3 hours 

In this course students will explore the perspectives and challenges of Human 
Resources Management within the context of the emerging global economy. 
The class will look at traditional HRM topics such as selection and compensa- 
tion and also at how students can manage their own human resource potential. 
Prerequisite: 2560. 

178 



3570. International Business 3 hours 

This course is designed to acquaint the student with the problems encoun- 
tered in conducting business outside one's own country and to provide a basis 
for evaluating the impact on business activities of changing economic, political, 
and cultural factors. Cases will be used throughout the course to give the student 
experience with the problems and advantages of doing business across national 
frontiers. A cultural diversity simulation game also will be used. Prerequisite: 
2560. 

4510. Advanced Managerial Finance 3 hours 

A continuation of Managerial Finance, topics in this course will include 
capital budgeting, intermediate and long-term funding, current asset manage- 
ment, working capital management and dividend policy. Case studies will be 
used to emphasize actual business situations and to focus on the comprehensive 
financial management of the firm. Prerequisite: 3510. 

4511. Investments 3 hours 

An introduction to the environment in which investment decisions are made. 
Topics explored will include efficient markets, the capital asset pricing model, 
term structure of interest rates, risk versus return, and performance measures. 
Although the emphasis will be on stocks and bonds, other investments will be 
discussed. Prerequisite: 3510. 

4556. Marketing Research 3 hours 

Included are the following: types of research, the research process, research 
design, sampling procedures, data collection methods, data analysis, and 
preparation of research findings. Prerequisites: 2338, 3550, and 2540 or 
equivalent. 

4561. Total Quality Management 3 hours 

This course will explore major systematic approaches to Total Quality 
Management. Students will examine quality management from a "profound knowl- 
edge" perspective (Pirsig, Deming, Goldratt), and will learn how to understand 
quality as a concept for achieving effective management within a firm, and in 
one's own life. Prerequisites: 2338 and 2560. 

4569. Strategic Management 3 hours 

An interdisciplinary approach to management decision-making with emphasis 
on strategic planning. Cases are used extensively. Prerequisites: 2560, 3510, and 
3550. 

4590. Internship - Business Administration 1-6 hours 

An internship in business administration is designed to provide the student 
with an opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional business and 
interpersonal skills in a supervised business environment. In conjunction with a 
business faculty member and an on-site internship supervisor, the student devel- 
ops appropriate activities for achieving specific learning goals. The internship 
generally requires the student to work a specified number of hours per week, 
keep a written journal of the work experience, have regularly scheduled meet- 

179 



ings with the faculty supervisor, and write a research paper dealing with some 
aspect of the internship. An evaluation is prepared by the on-site internship 
supervisor. Internship opportunities are diverse and have included such organi- 
zations as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., Zoo Atlanta, Scientific Atlanta, and the Georgia 
Department of Industry and Trade. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. 
Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the 
internship program. 

4595. Special Topics in Business Administration 3 hours 

An intense study of diverse topics under the direct supervision of the 
instructor. Such courses have been International Business Competitiveness, 
Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Insights Into Great Leaders in Action - 
Biographical Analysis, Direct Marketing, and Retailing. Prerequisite: Permission 
of the chair of the division. 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Business 
Administration and Behavioral Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs 
and Majors section of this Bulletin. 

Business Administration and Computer Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Business 
Administration and Computer Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs 
and Majors section of this Bulletin. 



Computer Science 



Minor 

A minor in computer science consists of five computer science courses, one 
of which must be Principles of Computer Programming in Pascal or Principles 
of Computer Programming in C++, and no two of which may be below the 3000 
level. 

2540. Introduction to Computer Applications Software 3 hours 

This course introduces the student to the major types of computer applica- 
tions software, including word processing, electronic spreadsheets, database 
management, graphics, and communications. A predominant emphasis is on 
the construction of significant applications systems, including custom program- 
ming. The student will use microcomputer software such as WordPerfect, Lotus 
1-2-3, and dBase. 

2541. Introduction to Computer Science 3 hours 

This course introduces the student to the basic concepts of electronic data 
processing equipment, computer programming, and applications. It is intended 
primarily for students who do not plan further study in computer science. The 



180 



successful student will become proficient in problem-solving techniques and 
algorithm construction using the BASIC programming language. Examples are 
drawn from business, science, and other fields. 

2542. Principles of Computer Programming in Pascal 3 hours 

In this course the student will be introduced to the fundamental techniques 
of problem-solving and algorithm development within the context of the Pascal 
programming language. The student will design and complete several substan- 
tial programming projects, most having a significant mathematical orientation. 
Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

2543. Principles of Computer Programming in C++ 3 hours 

In this course the student will be introduced to the fundamental techniques 
of problem-solving and algorithm development within the context of the C++ 
programming language. The student will design and complete several substan- 
tial programming projects, most having significant mathematical content. 
Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

3542. Introduction to Data Structures 3 hours 

Ada language constructs are used to introduce the student to the important 
concepts of static and dynamic data representation, which, along with effective 
algorithm development, are essential components of successful computer 
programming. Topics include arrays, records, files, pointers, linked lists, stacks, 
queues, trees, graphs, and implementation procedures. Students also will study 
sorting and searching techniques. Prerequisite: 2542. 

3544. Principles of File Processing 3 hours 

This course provides an accelerated introduction to the COBOL language 
and to standard techniques for managing data in computer files. Students will 
use COBOL to program solutions to problems which arise predominantly, though 
not exclusively, in business environments and which involve file updating, merging 
and searching, and report generation. Sequential, relative, and indexed files will 
be emphasized, in addition to elementary concepts of database management. 
Prerequisite: 2542. 

4540. Introduction to Systems Programming 3 hours 

This course introduces the advanced computer science student to funda- 
mental concepts of computer systems programming. Attention is given to' the 
development of input and output routines, associated data structures and 
algorithms, and the construction of systems libraries, using the C programming 
language. Major programming projects in C will be at the level of designing and 
writing a simple machine emulator, and developing an assembler for that machine. 
Prerequisite: 2542. 

4541. Assembly Language and Computer Architecture 3 hours 

The student will be given a concentrated introduction to 8088 assembly 
language programming and microcomputer architecture. Topics include struc- 
tured programming, control structures, object library maintenance, macro 
programming, interrupts, buses, memory management, input/output, and 
interfacing with high-level languages. Prerequisite: 2542. 



181 



4546. Internship - Computer Science 1-6 hours 

An internship in computer science is designed to provide the student with 
an opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional computer science 
and interpersonal skills in a supervised organizational environment. In conjunc- 
tion with a business faculty member and an on-site internship supervisor, the 
student develops appropriate activities for achieving specific learning goals. The 
internship generally requires the student to work a specified number of hours 
per week, keep a written journal of the work experience, have regularly sched- 
uled meetings with the faculty supervisor, and write a research paper dealing 
with some aspect of the internship. An evaluation is prepared by the on-site 
internship supervisor. Internship opportunities are diverse and have included 
such organizations as IBM, SunTrust Bank, and The Centers for Disease Control 
and Prevention. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

Economics 

Economics is a way of thinking based on the premise that individuals make 
decisions that advance their own interests. From this premise, economics attempts 
to understand individual behavior and the social order that results from the 
interaction of many individual decision-makers. Finally, economics involves evalu- 
ation of the resulting social order. 

The three aspects of economic study are related to citizenship and careers. 
First, the attempt to predict individual behavior results in the derivation of 
several economizing principles that are useful in business practice. Second, much 
of the interaction of individuals is in the form of exchanges in markets. Knowl- 
edge of how markets function is helpful both to business people and voters who 
will make decisions about such market-related economic matters as taxes, interest 
ceilings, minimum wages, and public utility rates. Third, the practice in evaluat- 
ing different social orders leads students to replace their unschooled opinions 
about complex situations with disciplined thought. This practice should be of 
service to those planning careers in business, law, politics, government, or religion. 

Major (B.S.) 

The 17 courses listed at the beginning of the Division V section and five 
electives in economics are required of all students pursuing the Bachelor of 
Science degree. 

Major (B.A.) 

The first nine courses listed at the beginning of the Division V section and 
five electives in economics are required of all students pursuing the Bachelor of 
Arts degree. Two advanced electives also must be taken in accounting, business, 
history, politics, sociology, psychology, mathematics, computer science, or 
philosophy. 

Minor 

Intermediate Macroeconomics, Intermediate Microeconomics or History 
of Economic Thought, and three economics electives are required for a minor 
in economics. 

182 



1521. Introduction to Economics 3 hours 

This course is designed to familiarize the student with basic economic 
concepts. The student will be introduced to a few key economic principles that 
can be used in analyzing various economic events. The material will include a 
history of economic thought, monetary and financial economics, and supply 
and demand analysis. 

3521. Intermediate Microeconomics 3 hours 

An intensive study of the behavior of the consumer and the firm, problems 
of production and distribution, and the structure of markets. Attention is given 
to the effects of price and income changes on product demand and factor supply, 
the use of forecasts, and the study of quantitative analysis of price and product 
policies in various market structures. Prerequisites: 1521 and 1333 or 1335. 

3522. Intermediate Macroeconomics 3 hours 

A comprehensive survey of aggregate economic analysis; the theory and 
measurement of national income and employment; price levels; business 
fluctuations; monetary and fiscal policies; and economic growth. Prerequisites: 
1521 and 1333 or 1335. 

3523. United States Economic History 3 hours 

A study of the origin jmd growth of the American economic system; devel- 
opment of an historical basis for understanding present problems and trends in 
the economy. Prerequisite: 1521. 

3524. History of Economic Thought 3 hours 

A study of the major writers and schools of economic thought, related to 
the economic, political, and social institutions of their times; the Medieval, 
Mercantilist, Physiocrat, Classical, Marxist, Historical, Neoclassical, Institution- 
alist, Keynesian, and post-Keynesian schools. Prerequisites: 1521 and C161. 

3527. Economic Development 3 hours 

A study of the economic, social, and political factors that account for the 
contrast between the economic stagnation in much of the world and the history 
of steadily rising income in the United States, Europe, and Japan. Prerequisite: 
1521. 

4521. Money and Banking 3 hours 

The nature and development of the monetary and credit system of the United 
States; the functions and activities of financial institutions; commercial banking; 
the Federal Reserve System. Emphasis is upon the relationship between money 
and employment, prices, income, and interest rates. Prerequisites: 3521, 3522, 
and 2540 or equivalent. 

4522. Labor Economics 3 hours 

The history, theory, and practices of the American Labor movement. A 
study of labor organizations as economic and social institutions, including a 
survey of the principles and problems of union-management relationships 



183 



encountered in collective bargaining and in public policies toward labor. 
Prerequisites: 3521 and 3522. 

4523. International Economics 3 hours 

A study of international trade and finance; regional specialization; national 
commercial policies; international investments; balance of payments; foreign 
exchange; foreign aid policies; and international agreements on tariffs and trade. 
Prerequisites: 3521 and 3522. 

4525. Public Finance 3 hours 

An analysis of the impact of federal, state, and local government expenditures, 
revenues, debt management, and budgeting on the allocation of resources, the 
distribution of income, the stabilization of national income and employment, 
and economic growth. Expenditure patterns, tax structure, microeconomic and 
macroeconomic theories of public expenditures and taxation will be examined. 
Prerequisites: 3521 and 3522. 

4526. Internship - Economics 1-6 hours 

An internship in economics is designed to provide the student with an 
opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional economic analysis and 
interpersonal skills in a supervised organizational environment. In conjunction 
with a business and economics faculty member and an on-site internship 
supervisor, the student develops appropriate activities for achieving specific 
learning goals. The internship generally requires the student to work a specified 
number of hours per week, keep a written journal of the work experience, have 
regularly scheduled meetings vnth the faculty supervisor, and write a research 
paper dealing with some aspect of the internship. An evaluation is prepared by 
the on-site internship supervisor. Internship opportunities are diverse and have 
included such organizations as IBM, the Federal Reserve Bank of Adanta, the 
Japanese Elxternal Trade Organization, the Washington Center, and Merrill Lynch. 
Graded on a satisfactory/ unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the 
faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4527. Independent Study in Economics 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 



4528. Special Topics in Economics 3 hours 

An intense study of diverse topics under the direct supervision of the 
instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

International Studies 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in International 
Studies, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this 
Bulletin. 



184 



Mathematics and Computer Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Mathematics 
and Computer Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors 
section of this Bulletin. 



185 



I 



Division VI 

Education — Undergraduate 
and Graduate 




The Division of Education includes undergraduate and post-baccalaureate 
teacher preparation programs in early childhood, middle grades, and secondary 
education and master's degrees in early childhood and middle grades. Grounded 
in the liberal arts tradition, these programs emphasize strong academic prepa- 
ration and the notion of teacher as learner. Teacher education at Oglethorpe 
University is designed to challenge students to think critically about issues in 
education, to be informed decision makers, and to become change agents in 
their schools. The teacher preparation program has strong connections to the 
Atlanta community, both urban and suburban. Oglethorpe is committed to 
preparing teachers for the variety of settings and diverse populations of metro- 
politan schools. 

Undergraduate Programs in Education 

The Division of Education provides courses leading to the Bachelor of Arts 
in early childhood education and certification to teach grades prekindergarten 
through five (P-5), and the Bachelor of Arts in middle grades education and 
certification for grades four through eight (4-8). Programs leading to certifica- 
tion in secondary education, grades seven through twelve (7-12), combine teacher 
education courses with an undergraduate major in English, mathematics, science 
(biology, chemistry, or physics), or social studies (history, politics, or interna- 
tional studies). The teacher education curricula are fully approved by the Georgia 
Professional Standards Commission. Successful completion of the program is 
necessary to obtain a teaching certificate. 

Admission to the Teacher Education Program 

Admission to Oglethorpe University does not admit a student to the Teacher 
Education Program. Students may apply to the Teacher Education Council for 
admission to the program during the second semester of the sophomore year. 
The following criteria will be used in granting admission to the program: 

1. A minimum cumulative grade-point average of 2.8 from all college work 
and from all courses taken at Oglethorpe University. 

2. A passing score on all sections (reading, writing, and mathematics) of ^ 
the Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) developed and adminis- ■ 
tered by Educational Testing Service M 

3. A written statement describing experiences in working with children or I 
youth as, for example, a tutor, camp counselor, day care worker, church m 
school teacher, substitute teacher, or volunteer working with children. 

Completion of the Teacher Education Program 1 

Once admitted, the student's progress and record are subject to regular 
review by the adviser, other professors, and the Teacher Education Council. 
Students with observed deficiencies in English or their subject field will be m 
required to correct them before student teaching. No student on academic pro- 1 
bation will be scheduled for student teaching until such probation is removed. 
Completion of the Teacher Education Program requires the following steps: 



188 



1. Gain admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

2. Maintain a cumulative grade-point average of 2.8 or better from all college 
work and all work taken at Oglethorpe. 

3. Complete a field experience that includes preplanning workdays for 
teachers and the opening of the school year for students. Apply by March 
1 of the junior year. 

4. Pass both the NTE Core Battery (General Knowledge, Communication 
Skills, and Professional Knowledge) of the Praxis II Test and the appro- 
priate Specialty Area test(s) for the certification field. Check with the 
Chair of the Division of Education to determine which specialty area 
tests must be taken. Praxis is a nationally recognized test of content and 
pedagogical knowledge developed and administered by Educational 
Testing Service. A passing score on this test is required for teacher 
certification in Georgia and many other states. It is also a prerequisite to 
student teaching at Oglethorpe University. Note: Students completing 
the program prior to July 1, 1997 may take the Georgia Teacher 
Certification Test instead of Praxis. 

5. Complete student teaching successfully. Apply by October 1 for spring 
placement and by March 1 for fall placement. Prerequisites to student 
teaching include a passing score on the appropriate forms of Praxis II, a 
cumulative grade-point average of 2.8 or higher in all college work and 
in all courses taken at Oglethorpe, completion of all professional and 
teaching field courses with grades of at least "C," and satisfactory field 
experiences. Students must show proof of liability insurance. Student 
teaching placement in some school districts may also require a background 
check and/or fingerprinting. 

Early Childhood Education Major 

The early childhood education major focuses on teaching in grades pre- 
kindergarten through five. In addition to core requirements, American History 
to 1865 and American History Since 1865 must be included. Students should 
take Introduction to Education during the freshman or sophomore year. Program 
requirements for early childhood education are available from any education 
faculty member and must be followed closely to avoid scheduling problems in 
completion of the degree requirements. The program includes professional 
education and methods courses in all content areas and culminates in student 
teaching. 

Middle Grades Education Major 

The middle grades education major focuses on teaching in grades four 
through eight. In addition to core requirements, American History to 1865 and 
American History Since 1865 must be included. Students should take Introduction 
to Education during the freshman or sophomore year. Program requirements 
for middle grades education are available from any education faculty member 
and must be followed closely to avoid scheduling problems in completion of the 
degree requirements. The program includes professional education courses, 
methods courses in five basic content areas, and two concentrations of 15 and 
12 semester hours each. 

189 



Secondary Teacher Certification With Degree 
in a Subject Major 

Students seeking secondary education certification must apply for admission 
to the Teacher Education Program. It is essential that the student confer with an 
education faculty member in addition to his or her subject field adviser to plan 
a schedule that fulfills the certification requirements. 

Students who desire secondary (grades 7-12) teacher certification in addi- 
tion to a major in English, history, politics, international studies, mathematics, 
biology, chemistry, or physics will take the following professional education 
courses: Introduction to Education, Child and Adolescent Psychology, Second- 
ary Curriculum, Educational Psychology, The Exceptional Child, Educational 
Media, a discipline-specific methods course, and Student Teaching. 

English 

In addition to the English major requirements, students need: 
3150 Introduction to Linguistics 

3612 Teaching of Language Arts and Reading in High School 

History, Politics, or International Studies 

Students are required to take the following courses, but may incorporate 
them into the major or apply advanced placement credits: 

2216 American History to 1865 

2217 American History Since 1865 
3218 Georgia History 

3613 Teaching of Social Studies 

Mathematics 

In addition to the mathematics major requirements, students need: 
2334 College Geometry or demonstrated proficiency in geometry 
2338 Statistics 

3614 Teaching of Mathematics 

Science - Biology, Chemistry, and Physics 

3615 Teaching of Science 

No additional content courses are required beyond the major. 

Post-baccalaureate Teacher-Certification 

The post-baccalaureate teacher-certification program is designed for persons 
who have completed a bachelor's degree in a discipline other than education. 
This non-degree program leads to certification in early childhood (PK-5), middle 
grades (4-8), or the secondary (7-12) teaching fields of English, social studies, 
mathematics, biology, chemistry or physics. 

Requirements for admission to the post-baccalaureate teacher certification 
program include a cumulative grade-point average of not less than 2.8 and 
admission to the Teacher Education Program as described above. 



190 



I 



Each post-baccalaureate student will meet with his or her adviser to plan an 
individual course of study relating Oglethorpe's program to the requirements 
for teacher certification in Georgia. Students seeking secondary certification 
must meet the course requirements for the major in the disciplines for which 
they are seeking certification. These content requirements must be met prior to 
taking professional courses. Course work will be taken at the undergraduate 
level; however, students seeking certification in early childhood or middle grades 
may take a maximum of three courses at the graduate level if they are to be 
applied toward a master's degree. 

Additional courses may be required to complete state subject area require- 
ments at the secondary level. 

Requirements for completion of the post-baccalaureate program are the 
same as those listed for undergraduate students. 

Please inquire with the Business Office for current fee information. 



Course Descriptions 



2611. Teaching of Health and Physical Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to introduce the student to health education and 
physical education activities in the pre-kindergarten to fifth grades. A study is 
made of procedures and content in the development of both programs; emphasis 
is on the appraisal of pupil needs and interests. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: 
Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3610. Teaching of Language Arts and Reading in the 

Elementary School 4 hours 

This course examines curriculum, materials, and instructional strategies 
for teaching language arts and reading in grades preschool through five. Particular 
emphasis is placed on classroom application of research and theory on litera- 
ture-based instruction and the writing process. Students will engage in personal 
writing, and demonstrate skill in responding to the writing of others. Students 
will become acquainted with professional literature pertaining to the teaching 
of language arts and reading. Field experiences will allow participation in the 
teaching of language arts. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the 
Teacher Education Program. 

3611. Teaching of Language Arts and Reading in the 

Middle Grades 4 hours 

This course examines curriculum, materials, and instructional strategies 
for teaching language arts and reading in grades four through eight. Emphasis 
is placed on classroom application of research and theory on literature-based 
instruction, the writing process, and integration of language arts across the 
curriculum. Students will engage in personal writing, respond to literature, and 
become acquciinted with professional literature pertaining to the teaching of the 
English language arts. Field experiences allow students to implement what they 
are learning. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher 
Education Program. 



191 



3612. Teaching of Language Arts and Reading in the High School 4 hours 

This course is designed to prepare English majors to teach reading, literature, 
and writing in grades seven through twelve. The course examines language 
processes at a theoretical level, then focuses on methods, materials, and 
pedagogical procedures for effective teaching for the English language arts with 
emphasis on a literature-based approach and integration of reading and writing. 
Laboratory experiences allow students to implement what they are learning. 
Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3613. Teaching of Social Studies 3 hours 

The main foci of this course are the development of a teaching unit and the 
acquisition of skills, methods, and materials necessary for the preparation of 
social studies teachers. The unit plan emphasizes the integration of social studies 
with other academic disciplines. Students plan and teach one or more social 
studies lessons in a designated classroom setting. Two sections offered each 
spring semester: one for PK-5 and one for middle grades and high school. Pre- 
requisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3614. Teaching of Mathematics 3 hours 

A course designed to prepare teachers to plan and teach mathematics. 
Ejcperience in the schools is included. Two sections offered each fall semester: 
one for PK-5 and one for middle grades and high school. Prerequisite: Admission 
to the Teacher Education Program. 

3615. Teaching of Science 3 hours 

Examines the rationale for teaching science. Curricula, teaching skills, and 
methods are studied. Experience in the schools is included. Two sections offered 
each spring semester: one for PK-5 and one for middle grades and high school. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3617. Teaching of Music 3 hours 

A study of the fundamentals of music education, including methods and 
materials appropriate for teaching music in the public schools. Experience in 
the schools is included. Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the 
Teacher Education Program. 

3618. Teaching of Art 3 hours 

This course is designed to introduce the early childhood student to art media, 
techniques, and materials. Through an understanding of such media the stu- 
dent will learn how to implement art as an integrated early childhood curricu- 
lum. Experience in the schools is required. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: 
Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3621. Introduction to Education 3 hours 

A study of the historical development, philosophy, and social issues under- 
lying the American educational system and the teaching profession. Provision is 
made for regular classroom observation by the student in public schools of the 
Atlanta area. Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters. 



192 



3622. Secondary Curriculum 3 hours 

This course examines the nature and goals of secondary education and the 
study of various secondary curricula and curriculum theories. Students develop 
secondary lesson plans and a unit. Special methods in the specific certification 
fields are included. Provision is made for students to observe classrooms in the 
Adanta area. Offered fall and spring semesters. Prerequisite: Admission to the 
Teacher Education Program. 

3632. Teaching of Geography 3 hours 

This course focuses on concepts, methods, and materials for teaching 
geography in grades PK-12. In addition to coverage of human-environment 
interaction, attention will be given to the development and practice of skills in 
geography. Offered summer session of odd-numbered years. 

3640. The Teacher as Writer 3 hours 

This course is designed to give future teachers an opportunity to engage in 
the writing process in order to conceptualize, write, and submit for publication 
a piece of writing related to an academic or professional interest. An important 
feature of the course will be the creation of a community of writers within the 
class. Offered occasionally. Prerequisites: An upper-level writing course and 
permission of the instructor. 

3641. Introduction to Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to acquaint the student with various types of pro- 
grams provided for young children. Theories of early childhood education and 
social/ cultural issues will be discussed. Provision is made for observation by 
students in various early childhood programs in the Atlanta area. Offered spring 
semester. 

3643. Nature and Needs of the Middle Grades Learner 3 hours 

This course relates the characteristics and development of the middle grades 
learner to the rationale, organization, teaching methods, and curriculum of the 
middle school. A field-based component is included. Offered spring semester. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

4612. Elementary Student Teaching and Seminar 3 hours 

A course requiring full-time participation in an elementary or middle school 
in the Atlanta area under the supervision of a qualified supervising teacher. 
This is designed to promote gradual introduction to responsible teaching, 
including participation in the teacher's usual extracurricular activities. A semi- 
nar on the University campus at designated times during the student-teaching 
period is part of the course. Offered fall and spring semesters. Prerequisites: 
Approval and completion of September Experience, completion of all other 
course and grade-point requirements for the Teacher Education Program, and a 
passing score on the Praxis test. 



193 



4616. Children's Literature 3 hours 

A study of children's literature which includes response to literature, theory 
and research on teaching literature, and evaluation of books for classroom use. 
Within each genre, students read and critique books appropriate for the age 
level they intend to teach. Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: Junior standing. 

4621. Educational Media 3 hours 

Taken concurrently with student teaching, this course will include topics 
such as the operation of equipment and the production and use of media in the 
classroom. Particular emphasis will be placed on the computer and video. Offered 
fall and spring semesters. Prerequisites: Admission to the Teacher Education 
Program and placement in student teaching. 

4623. Educational Psychology 3 hours 

A study of learning theory and its application to such problems as classroom 
management, the organization of learning activities, understanding individual 
differences, and evaluating teaching and learning. Emphasis is given to factors 
which facilitate and interfere with learning. Offered fall and spring semesters. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program or permission of 
the instructor. 

4624. Secondary Student Teaching and Seminar 12 hours 

A course requiring full-time participation in a school in the Atlanta area 
under the supervision of a qualified supervising teacher. This is designed to 
promote gradual introduction to responsible teaching, including participation 
in the teacher's usual extracurricular activities. A seminar on the University 
campus at designated times during the student-teaching period is part of the 
course. Offered fall and spring semesters. Prerequisites: Approval and comple- 
tion of September Experience, completion of all other course and grade-point 
requirements for the Teacher Education Program, and a passing score on the 
PRAXIS test. 

4625. The Exceptional Child 3 hours 

This course is designed to assist regular classroom teachers in the identifi- 
cation and education of children who have special needs. Students will learn 
about educational approaches for use with both normal and special learners, 
and methods of diagnostic teaching. Offered fall, spring, and summer semes- 
ters. Prerequisites: Senior standing, admission to the Teacher Education Program, 
and/or permission of the instructor. 

4629. Special Topics in Education T.B.A. 

Content to be determined; course may be taken for credit more than once. 

4654. Computers in the Classroom: Applications 3 hours 

Applications commonly used by teachers for production, management, and 
instruction are introduced and used in an educational context. Included are 
word processing, databases, spreadsheets, graphics, presentation programs, and 
educational resources available on CD, disk or through on-line services. Appli- 
cations are for the Macintosh or IBM. Offered spring semester. 

194 



Graduate Programs in Education 

All graduate work is administered by the Education Division, which is 
governed by the Teacher Education Council under the policies of the Univer- 
sity. The Teacher Education Council is the policy-making body chosen from the 
faculty and administration, under the leadership of the chair of the Education 
Division. 

The purposes of the graduate program are to provide well-qualified students 
with the opportunity to obtain a master's degree, and to provide members of 
the teaching profession with the opportunity to enhance their competencies 
and knowledge in the area of elementary or middle grades education. Inherent 
in the guiding philosophy is the assumption that graduate study includes more 
than the passing of prescribed courses and the meeting of minimum require- 
ments. All students who receive graduate degrees must possess a broad knowl- 
edge of the literature of their field of study, be capable of sustained study, exhibit 
the power of independent thinking, and possess reasonable knowledge of the 
techniques of research. 

Oglethorpe University offers a program leading to the Master of Arts degree 
in either early childhood education or middle grades education. Graduates are 
eligible for T5 certification in Georgia. A minimum of 25 percent of the courses 
used to meet degree requirements will contain a field-based component. 

Completion of the master's program requires the following steps: 

1. Full admission to the graduate program. 

2. Admission to candidacy; apply after completion of 12 semester hours 
graduate credit at Oglethorpe. 

3. Satisfactory completion of a comprehensive final examination. Apply after 
completion of all required courses but not sooner than one semester 
prior to expected graduation. 

4. Completion of 36 semester hours approved credit. Application for gradu- 
ation should be made in the Registrar's Office by mid-October prior to 
graduation the following May. 

Admission 

Upon recommendation of the chair of the Education Division and approval 
by the Teacher Education Council, a person holding a bachelor's degree in an 
approved field of education from an accredited college or university may be 
admitted to the graduate program. In addition to general requirements pre- 
scribed, the applicant must submit transcripts of all previous work completed; 
satisfactory scores on either the Graduate Record Examination (verbal and quan- 
titative), the National Teacher Examination (core battery), or the Miller Analogies 
Test; two recommendations (form provided) from previous colleges attended 
and/or employers; a copy of valid teaching certificate; and, when deemed neces- 
sary, take validating examinations or preparatory work. Students who do not 
have a Georgia T4 certificate in either early or middle grades must contact the 
Graduate Admission Counselor regarding evaluation prior to admission. Candi- 
dates not previously prepared for teaching must meet requirements for first 
professional certification before completing requirements for the master's degree. 



195 



Application forms may be obtained from the Admission Office of the Uni- 
versity. Completed forms should be returned to the Admission Office as soon as 
possible but at least 20 days prior to the semester in which the applicant expects 
to enroll. These forms should be accompanied by a $30 application fee (non- 
refundable). All material (completed forms, fee, transcripts, and test scores) 
should be sent directly to the Admission Office, Oglethorpe University, 4484 
Peachtree Road N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797. 

If an applicant does not choose to enter the graduate program in the semes- 
ter indicated on the application, the applicant should notify the Office of Ad- 
mission of the change and indicate a nevf date of entrance, if applicable. 
Otherwrise, the original admission will be canceled, the file discontinued, and a 
new application may be required for admission at a later date. 

Admission to the graduate program does not imply ultimate acceptance as 
a candidate for an advanced degree. For admission to candidacy, see Admission 
to Candidacy below. 

Classification 

Students may be admitted to the graduate program under any one of the 
following classifications: 

Regular. A student who has a cumulative grade-point average of not less 
than 2.5 on a 4.0 scale, satisfactory scores on the GRE, NTE, or MAT, and the 
recommendation of the chair of the Education Division, and who has completed 
all prerequisites required for admission may be admitted as a regular graduate 
student. 

Graduate Applicant. Requirements for admission as a graduate applicant 
are the same as for regular admission. A student would apply in this category if 
he or she planned on pursuing a graduate degree but for some reason was 
unable to complete the admission file before the start of the semester. Persons 
admitted as graduate applicant students may be credited a maximum of 12 
semester hours toward the Master of Arts degree while awaiting full admission 
to the program. 

A senior within six semester hours of completing requirements for the 
bachelor's degree may be permitted to enroll in courses for graduate credit 
provided that: (1) the student has the permission of the chair of the Education 
Division; (2) the student is otherwise qualified for admission to graduate study 
except for the degree; and (3) the total load in a semester would not exceed 15 
semester hours. Under no circumstances may a course be used for both gradu- 
ate and undergraduate credit. 

Unclassified (Non-degree seeking). The student must present transcripts 
and verification of an undergraduate degree in education, including satisfac- 
tory completion of student teaching. Students applying in this category would 
be renewing a certificate or taking classes for personal enrichment. Up to six 
semester hours of credit earned by a student in this category may be counted 
toward the degree only if the student is admitted to the Graduate Education 
Program and the chair of the Education Division approves. 

196 






Transient. A student in good standing in another recognized graduate school 
who wishes to enroll in the graduate program of Oglethorpe University and 
who plans to return thereafter to the former institution may be admitted as a 
transient graduate student. In lieu of full transcripts and regular applications 
the student must submit a transient student application form completed by the 
graduate dean listing specific courses to be taken for credit. Any student admit- 
ted on this basis should understand that registration terminates upon the comple- 
tion of the work authorized by the degree-granting institution. If later electing 
to seek a degree from Oglethorpe University, the student must make formal 
application for admission and may petition to have credit earned as a transient 
student applied toward the degree at the University. 



Admission to Candidacy 



Application for admission to candidacy for the Master of Arts degree must 
be filed with the chair of the Education Division after the student has 12 semes- 
ter hours of graduate study at Oglethorpe University. Admission to candidacy 
would be given or refused following an examination of the overall work of the 
student and careful review of the work completed at Oglethorpe. Notice of action 
taken on application for admission to candidacy will be given in writing to the 
student and to the student's adviser. The student seeking the Master of Arts 
degree must furnish proof to the chair of the Education Division or to the 
Graduate Admission Counselor of eligibility for first professional certification 
or include appropriate make-up work in the program. 

Residence. At least 30 semester hours of graduate work must be completed 
on campus. 

Time Limit. In any graduate program all work (including the comprehen- 
sive examination) must be completed within a six-year period. It is expected that 
the student will complete the program with reasonable continuity. 

Transfer, Extension, Correspondence Credit. A maximum of six semester 
hours of graduate credit may be transferred from another accredited institution 
subject to the following conditions: (I) transfer credit will not be considered 
prior to admission to candidacy; (2) work already applied toward another degree 
cannot be accepted; (3) work must have been completed within the six-year period 
allowed for the completion of degree requirements; (4) work must have been 
applicable toward a graduate degree at the institution where the credit was earned; 
(5) work offered for transfer must have the approval of the Education Division; 
and (6) acceptance of the transfer credit does not reduce the residence 
requirement. 

Under no circumstances may credit earned through correspondence work 
be applied toward satisfaction of degree requirements. 



197 



Advisement 



Upon admission to the graduate program, each student is assigned to a 
member of the graduate faculty in education who serves as adviser and guides 
the student in planning a program of study. 



Registration 



Registration dates for each semester are listed in the University Calendar at 
the front of this Bulletin. Several weeks prior to the beginning of each semester, 
students may obtain from the Registrar's Office a Schedule of Classes for that 
particular semester. Graduate summer sessions may vary slightly either as to 
dates or length of course. 



Course Load 



The maximum course load for any graduate student is 12 credit hours per 
regular semester or six credit hours in a summer session. In some cases, students 
may take nine hours in the summer by special permission if previous performance 
has been excellent. A person working more than 30 hours per week normally 
may not register for more than six hours credit per semester. In all cases, the 
graduate student is urged to register for only the number of hours which can be 
successfully completed. 



Tuition and Fees 



An application fee (non-refundable) of $30 must accompany the applica- 
tion. Tuition is charged on a per-course basis. All fees are subject to change. 
Please inquire with the Business Office for current fee information. 

An application for degree must be made by mid-October in the Registrar's 
Office prior to completion of degree requirements the following December, 
May, or August at which time a $75 graduation fee is due. 



Withdrawals and Refunds 



Students who find it necessary to drop courses or change courses must 
secure a Drop/ Add form from the Registrar's Office. Refunds are subject to the 
same requirements as explained in the section on Tuition and Costs. 



Grading 



For a complete description of Oglethorpe's grading scale, please refer to 
the Academic Regulations and Policies section of this Bulletin. 



198 



Standards 



Candidates for the master's degree must meet the following academic 
standards: 

1. The student's overall grade-point average for work submitted in the gradu- 
ate program must be 3.0 or higher. 

2. If, in any case, the candidate fails to maintain satisfactory academic stan- 
dards a review by the Teacher Education Council will determine the 
student's continuation in a graduate program. 

Any student will be placed on academic probation who falls below a "B" 
average (GPA of 3.0) or has a total of two course grades of "C" or below. 

Any student will be dismissed from the graduate program who receives a 
third grade of "C" or less or who does not achieve a "B" average upon comple- 
tion of three additional graduate courses. 

Comprehensive Final Examination 

A comprehensive final examination is required of all candidates for the 
master's degree at or about the time all other requirements have been met. The 
following regulations govern the administration of the comprehensive examina- 
tion: 

1. The student must have completed all course work or be taking the final 
elective course in order to take the examination. 

2. The examinations are developed and administered by such members of 
the graduate faculty as may be appointed by the chair of the Education 
Division. 

3. The examination may cover all work prescribed by the student's pro- 
gram of work, including transferred work. 

4. A student may be permitted one makeup examination. 



Graduation Exercises 



Graduation exercises are held once a year at the close of the spring semes- 
ter in May. Diplomas are awarded, however, three times during the year - at the 
close of the spring semester during commencement, at the close of the summer 
session, and at the close of the fall semester. Students completing requirements 
at the end of summer or at the end of fall are encouraged to participate in the 
spring graduation exercises. 



199 



Course Requirements 



The program leading to the master's degree will require a minimum of 36 
semester hours of course credit beyond the bachelor's degree as outlined below: 

Early Childhood Education 

Area I. Professional Education 12 hours 

6601 Foundations of Research in Education 

6611 Psychological Foundations of Learning 

6621 Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education 

6643 Growth and Development: The Young Child 

Area II. Curriculum and Teaching 21 hours 

6631 Foundations of Reading Instruction 

6645 Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education 
Select one of the following courses: 
6641 Issues in Early Childhood Education 

6644 Creative Experiences in Early Childhood Education 
Language Arts - Select one: 

6613 Language Arts for Elementary Schools 
6616 Children's Literature 

Mathematics - Select one: 

6614 Mathematics for Elementary Schools 

6651 Topics in Mathematics 
Science - Select one: 

6615 Science for Elementary Schools 

6652 Topics in Science 
Social Studies - Select one: 

6612 Social Studies for Elementary Schools 

6632 Teaching of Geography 
6656 Topics in Social Studies 

Area III. Electives - Select one 3 hours 

6625 The Exceptional Child - will replace the elective 

for any student who has not had an equivalent course 

Nfiddle Grades Education 

Area I. Professional Education 12 hours 

6601 Foundations of Research in Education 

6611 Psychological Foundations of Learning 

6621 Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education 

6623 The Middle School Learner 
Area II. Curriculum and Teaching 18 hours 

6631 Foundations of Reading Instruction 
Select three courses from one of the following concentrations and 
two courses from a second concentration: 
Language Arts 

6613 Language Arts for Elementary Schools (required) 

6616 Children's Literature 

6634 Individualizing Reading Instruction 
6636 Reading in the Content Areas 

200 



Mathematics 

6614 Mathematics for Elementary Schools (required) 

6651 Topics in Mathematics 

6654 Computers in the Classroom: Applications 
Science 

6615 Science for Elementary Schools (required) 

6652 Topics in Science 

6654 Computers in the Classroom: Applications 
Social Studies 
6612 Social Studies for Elementciry Schools (required) 
6632 Teaching of Geography 
Area III. Electives - Select Two 6 hours 



Course Descriptions 



*6601. Foundations of Research in Education 3 hours 

This course investigates the nature and principles of qualitative and quanti- 
tative research in education with particular emphasis upon the interpretation 
and design of basic research in education. Offered fall semester. 

*6611. Psychological Foundations of Learning 3 hours 

This course examines the nature and facilitation of student lejirning. Teach- 
ing methods and skills are considered. Offered spring semester. 

6612. Social Studies for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

This course enhances the teaching abilities and creativity of the teacher of 
social studies in the elementary schools. The unit approach is emphasized and 
students are expected to develop an interdisciplinary social studies unit on a 
pertinent topic. Offered fall semester. 

6613. Language Arts for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

Language arts curriculum goals, content, and teaching problems from 
preschool through middle school are considered in relation to research and 
theory on language development and pedagogy. Offered spring semester. 

6614. Mathematics for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

Applications of general teaching methods to mathematics and the study of 
mathematics materials, programs, and teaching skills are included in this course. 
Offered spring semester. 

6615. Science for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

This course focuses on developing the skills and attitudes needed to teach 
today's activity-oriented science curricula. Each participant can adapt work to 
her or his needs and interests through choice of readings, activities, and devel- 
opment of materials. Offered fall semester. 



201 



6616. ChUdren's Literature 3 hours 

A study of children's literature which includes response to literature, theory 
and research on teaching literature, and evaluation of books for classroom use. 
Within each genre, students read and critique books appropriate for the age 
level they teach. Offered spring semester. 

6617. Music for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

A course designed to enhance the competence and creativity of the teacher 
in music for the elementary school. Offered fall semester of even-numbered 
years. 

*6621. Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education 3 hours 

A study of the historical and philosophical foundations of education from 
antiquity to the present. The reading, discussion, and analysis of significant 
primary texts vs^ill be an important component of the course. Offered spring 
semester. 

6622. Educational Media 3 hours 

The course studies operation of audio-visual equipment; techniques of pro- 
ducing a variety of graphics, slides, transparencies and tapes; and use of media 
for teaching. Computers and video are emphasized. Class members plan and 
produce a series of materials for their own teaching situations. Offered summer 
session of even-numbered years. 

6623. The Middle School Learner 3 hours 

Emphasis is on the nature of the middle school child, including characteris- 
tics, needs, and assessment. Methods of using the curriculum and educational 
program to meet the diverse educational needs of the middle school learner are 
examined as they relate to the nature of the child. Offered summer session. 

6624. Models of Teaching 3 hours 

This course examines and compares a variety of approaches to teaching. 
The approaches examined help stimulate creative learning environments; foster 
thinking which can be used to analyze, compare, and contrast various modes of 
instruction; and provide alternative teaching strategies to educators. Taught 
occasionally. 

6625. The Exceptional Child 3 hours 

This course is designed to assist regular classroom teachers in the identifi- 
cation and education of children who have special needs. Students will learn 
about educational approaches for use with both normal and special learners, 
and will learn methods of diagnostic teaching. Offered fall, spring, and summer 
semesters. 

6626. Practicum in Early Childhood Education 3 or 6 hours 

Practicum, with in-school component, designed to qualify add-on certifi- 
cate in early childhood grades. 



202 



[ 



6627. Practicum in Middle Grades Education 3 or 6 hours 

Practicum, with in-school component, designed to qualify add-on certificate 
in middle grades. 

6629. Special Topics in Education T.B.A. 

Content to be determined; course may be taken for credit more than once. 

*6631. Foundations of Reading Instruction 3 hours 

A study of the nature of reading with emphasis given to the skills required 
in reading. Basic principles, techniques, methods, and materials which provide 
for differentiated instruction are considered. A whole language approach is 
emphasized. Offered summer session. 

6632. Teaching of Geography 3 hours 

This course focuses on concepts, methods, and materials for teaching 
geography in grades PK-12. In addition to coverage of human-environment 
interaction, attention will be given to the development and practice of skills in 
geography. Offered summer session of odd-numbered years. 

6634. Individualizing Reading Instruction 3 hours 

A study of the nature of reading problems. Practice is given in the adminis- 
tration and interpretation of formal and informal diagnostic procedures. 
Corrective and remedial techniques, materials, and procedures will be studied. 
Emphasis will be given to less severe disabilities. This course is designed for 
the experienced teacher. Offered summer session of odd-numbered years. 
Prerequisite: 6631 or equivalent. 

6636. Reading in the Content Areas 3 hours 

Emphasizes techniques for developing proficiency in reading in content 
fields; study skills and rate improvement will be included. Course requirements 
and content will be consistent with needs of upper elementary and secondary 
teachers. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. 

6640. The Teacher as Writer 3 hours 

This course is designed to give teachers an opportunity to engage in the 
writing process in order to conceptualize, write, and submit for publication a 
piece of writing related to an academic or professional interest. An important 
feature of the course will be the creation of a community of writers within the 
class. Offered occasionally. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

6641. Issues in Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to examine in depth current issues in early child- 
hood education. Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. 

6643. Growth and Development: The Young Child 3 hours 

A study of growth and development from infancy through fifth grade. 
Included are theories which describe physical, social, emotional, and intellectual 
development and the ways in which these relate to learning. Offered summer 
session. 

203 



6644. Creative Experiences in Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to provide theory and methods for developing 
creativity in young children. The emphasis is on utilizing children's literature, 
music, art, and movement education to provide an integrative approach for 
understanding creativity. Offered summer session. 

6645. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

This course provides the student with increased proficiency in applying 
concepts, understandings, and generalizations, as well as knowledge and skills, 
to the various curriculum areas commonly ascribed to the field of early child- 
hood education. A project applying theory to practice is a major part of the 
course requirements. Offered fall semester. 

6651. Topics in Mathematics 3 hours 

This course emphasizes content for topics of contemporary interest through 
middle grades mathematics. Offered summer session of even-numbered years. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Graduate Program. 

6652. Topics in Science 3 hours 

This course emphasizes content for topics of contemporary interest through 
middle grades science. Offered summer session of odd-numbered years. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Graduate Program. 

6654. Computers in the Classroom: Applications 3 hours 

Applications commonly used by teachers for production, management, and 
instruction are introduced and used in an educational context. Included are 
word processing, databases, spreadsheets, graphics, presentation programs, and 
educational resources available on CD, disk or through on-line services. 
Applications are for the Macintosh or IBM. Offered spring semester. 

6656. Topics in Social Studies 3 hours 

This course is an in-depth study of the content and related teaching meth- 
ods relevant to topics in the teaching of social studies curriculum. Offered fall 
semester. 



*Courses required for all graduate students. 



204 



Board of Trustees 



Officers 



Jesse S. Hall 
Chairman 

Warren Y. Jobe 

Vice Chairman 



Mark L. Stevens 
Secretary 

John H. Gary 
Treasurer 



Trustees 



Norman J. Arnold '52 
President 

Arnold Family Corporation 
Columbia, South Carolina 

Yetty L. Arp '68 
Associate Broker 
Southeast Commercial Properties 

Franklin L. Burke '66 
President 

Ridgewood Development 
Corporation 

John H. Cary 

Managing Partner 
Price Waterhouse 

Kenneth S. Chestnut 
Partner 
The Integral Group, L.L.C. 

Miriam H. Gonant 
President 

John H. & Wilhelmina D. Harland 
Charitable Foundation 

Mac Crawford 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer 
Magellan Health Services, Inc. 

Belle Turner Cross '61 
Atlanta 



William A. Emerson 

Retired Senior Vice President 
Merrill Lynch Pierce, Fenner 

& Smith 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

Deborah S. Gabbard '90 

Masters Social Worker 
Jewish Family Services 

David G. Garrett 

Retired Chairman and Chief 
Executive Officer 
Delta Airlines, Inc. 

Joel Goldberg 
President 
The Rich Foundation 

William R. Goodell 

General Counsel 

Tiger Management Corporation 

New York, New York 

Jack Guynn 

President and Chief Executive Officer 
Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 

Jesse S. Hall 

Retired Executive Vice President 
SunTrust Banks, Inc. 



205 



Harald R. Hansen 

Chairman, President, and Chief 
Executive Officer 
First Union Corporation of 
Georgia 

Gary C. Harden '69 
President 
Harden Company, Inc. 

Samuel F. Hatcher 

Executive Vice President and 

General Counsel 
Equitable Real Estate Investment 
Management, Inc. 

Warren Y. Jobe 

Executive Vice President and 

Chief Financial Officer 
Georgia Power Company 

David L. Kolb 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer 
Mohawk Industries, Inc. 
Calhoun, Georgia 

J. Smith Lanier, II 

Chairman and Chief Executive 
Officer 



R. D. Odom, Jr. 
Vice President 
Small Business Services 
Bell South Telecommunications 

John J. Scalley 

Executive Vice President 
Genuine Parts Company 

Stephen J. Schmidt '40 

Chairman of the Board and 

Chief Executive Officer 
Dixie Seal & Stamp Company 

Raghbir K. Sehgal 

President and Chief Executive 

Officer 
The Williams Group, Inc. 

James A. Shirley 
Director 
Arcadian Corp.; Royster 

Company; Harmony Products, 

Inc. 

Arnold B. Sidman 
Of Counsel 

Chamberlain, Hrdlicka, White, 
Williams and Martin 



J. Smith Lanier and Company 
West Point, Georgia 

Clare (Tia) Magbee '56 
Adanta 

Joseph M. Mauriello 

Regional Vice President 

(Southern) 

AT&T - Network Systems 

Edward E. Noble 

Investor and Developer 
Noble Properties 



Donald S. Stanton 
President 
Oglethorpe University 

Mark L. Stevens 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer 
Imperial Charlotte, Inc. 
Charlotte, North Carolina 

Eric L. Stone 

Executive Vice President and Chief 

Credit Officer 
Wachovia Bank of Georgia 



206 



Trustees Emeriti 



Marshall A. Asher, Jr. '41 
Retired Assistant Territorial 

Controller 
Sears Roebuck & Company 

John W. Crouch '29 

Retired Certified Public Accountant 

Elmo I. Ellis 

Retired Vice President 

Cox Broadcasting Corporation 

George E. Goodwin 

Retired Senior Counselor 
Manning, Selvage 8c Lee 

C. Edward Hansell 
Special Counsel 
Jones, Day, Reavis and Pogue 

Arthur Howell 

Retired Senior Partner 
Alston & Bird 



Edward D. Lord 

Retired Vice President/Group Sales 
Life Insurance Company of 
Georgia 

James P. McLain 
Attorney 
McLain and Merritt 

Mack A. Rikard '37 
President 

Allied Products Company 
Birmingham, Alabama 

Charles L. Towers 
Retired Vice President 
Shell Oil Company 

Murray D. Wood 
Owner/Operator 
Woodmount Farms 
Spruce Pine, North Carolina 



Fitzhugh M. Legerton ("Fritz") 
Assistant to the President/ 

Church Relations 
Warren Wilson College 



207 



President's 
Advisory Council 



Officers 



Talmage L. Dryman 

Chairman 



Charles S. Acker man 
Vice Chairman 



Members 



Charles S. Ackerman 
President 
Ackerman & Company 

Robert Amick 72 
Principal 
Peasant Restaurants, Inc. 

Judith M. Becker 
Attorney 
Becker & Fortune 

Ronald C. David 

Retired Director, Civic Affairs 
Atlanta Gas Light Company 

Herbert E. Drake, Jr. 
President 
Drzike & Funsten, Inc. 

Talmage L. Dryman 

The Talmage Dryman Company 

Gene Dyson 
Acting President 
American Red Cross 

Franklin M. Garrett 
Historian 
The Atlanta Historical Society 

Donald A. Harp 
Senior Pastor 

Peachtree Road United Methodist 
Church 



William J. Hogan 72 
Financial Consultant 
Robinson-Humphrey Company, 
Inc. 

Malcolm Holmes 

Retired Executive Vice President 
Contel Corporation 

Walter R. Huntley 
President 

Atlanta Economic Development 
Corporation 



Helen Gore Lathem 
Atlanta 



■52 



John C. McCune 

McCune & Associates 

J. Anthony Meyer 71 
Consultant 

John O. Mitchell 
President 
Mitchell Motors, Inc. 



•63 



Thomas W. Phillips, M.D. 
Northside Hospital 
Institute for Cancer Control 

W. R. Randolph 
Retired Trustee 
Benwood Foundation 






Charles A. Riepenhoff 
Partner 
Peat Marwick Main & Company 

M. Collier Ross 

Retired Lieutenant General 
United States Army 

Frank L. Rozelle, Jr. 

Retired Executive Director 
The Exposition Foundation 

Peter C. Schultz 
President 
Heraeus Amersil, Inc. 



Susan M. Soper '69 
Features Editor 
The Adanta Journal/Constitution 

Judy Wood Talley '80 

Manager - Olympic License Tags 
Atlanta Committee Olympic 
Games 

Timothy P. Tassopoulos '81 
Director - Field Operations 
Chick-fil-A 

Robert C. Watkins, Jr. 
Vice President 
Conveyors 8c Drives, Inc. 



209 



Alumni Association 
Board of Directors 



Officers 



O. K. Sheffield '53 
President 

Bernard Van der Lande '76 
President-Elect 

R. Alan Royalty '88 
First Vice President 



Donald R. Henry '83 
Second Vice President 

Gail Lynn '77 
Secretary 

Linda Sanders Scarborough '65 
Parliamentarian 



Directors 



Lynn Hallford Banks '56 
Teacher 
Rockdale County School System 

Robert L. Boggus '49 
Retired 
Piedmont Moulding Company 

Martha Laird Bowen '61 
Atlanta 

Kevin D. Fitzpatrick '78 

Attorney/Contract Administrator 
Airline Pilots Association 

Carol Morgan Flammer '89 
Public Relations Manager 
Zoo Atlanta 

Scott T. Haight '89 
Lead Underivriter 

Liberty Mutual Insurance Group 
Scottsdale, Arizona 

Donald R. Henry '83 
Vice President of Portfolio 
Management 
Compass Retail 

William M. Hobbs '76 

Self Employed/Personal Investments 
Wells Beach, Maine 



Brenda Kinser Johnson '75 
Associate Broker/Owner 
Taurus Properties 
Ann Arbor, Michigan 

Wayne M. Kise '69 
Owner 
Wayne M. Kise, C.RA. 

Carol Lanier Larner '87 
Assistant Treasurer Director, 

Qualified Plan Assets 
Cox Enterprises, Inc. 

Gail Lynn '77 
Vice President 
NationsBank 

Stephen E. Malone '73 

First Vice President 
Merrill Lynch 

Bonnie Hargrove Morrison '70 
Hartsville, South Carolina 

Robert Alan Royalty '88 
Senior Operations Officer 
Citicorp North America, Inc. 

Linda Sanders Scarborough '65 
Technical Manager 
AT&T 



210 



O. K. Sheffield, Jr. '53 Bernard Van der Lande 76 

Retired Vice President President 

BankSouth Ashford International, Inc. 

John L. Skelton,Jr. '77 
Attorney 

William Cebie Smith '64 
Director of Alumni Relations 

&' Annual Fund 
Armstrong State College 
Savannah, Georgia 



211 



The Faculty 

(Year of appointment in parentheses) 



G. Malcolm Amerson (1968) 
James Edward Oglethorpe 

Professor of Biology 
B.S., Berry College 
M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Keith H. Aufderheide (1980) 
Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., Wilmington College 
Ph.D., Miami University 

Keith E. Baker (1983) 

Director of Accounting Studies 
B.S., Youngstown State University 
M.A., University of Florida 
C.P.A., Georgia 

Charles L. Baube (1996) 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.A., Alfred University 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 

Robert A. Blumenthal (1989) 
Professor of Mathematics 
B.A., University of Rochester 
Ph.D., Washington University 

James A. Bohart (1972) 

Associate Professor of Music 
B.S., M.M., Northern Illinois 
University 

William L. Brightman (1975) 
Professor of English 
A.B., Ph.D., University of 
Washington 

Anthonys. Caprio (1989) 
Provost and Professor 
B.A., Wesleyan University 
M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 

Ronald L. Carlisle (1985) 
Professor of Computer Science 

and Mathematics 
Director of Computer Services 
B.A., Emory University 
M.A., Atlanta University 
Ph.D., Emory University 



Barbara R. Clark (1971) 
Professor of English 
B.A., Georgia State University 
M.A., University of Kansas 
M.P.A., Georgia State University 
Ph.D., University of Georgia 
C.P.A., Georgia 

John A. Cramer (1980) 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., Wheaton College 
M.A., Ohio University 
Ph.D., Texas A&M University 

Roberta K. Deppe (1996) 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 
B.A., University of Northern 

Iowa 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

Ann Lee Hall (1996) 

Assistant Professor of Education 
B.S., M.Ed., Ph.D., Georgia State 
University 

Timothy H. Hand (1990) 

Associate Professor of Psychology 
B.S., Central Michigan University 
M.S., Ph.D., McGill University 

Bruce W. Hetherington (1980) 
Professor of Economics 
B.B.A. Madison College 
M.A., Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic 
Institute 

Raymond J. Kaiser (1986) 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
B.S., University of Notre Dame 
M.S., Ph.D., Louisiana State 
University 

Nancy H. Kerr (1983) 
Professor of Psychology 
B.A., Stanford University 
Ph.D., Cornell University 



i 



212 



Charlotte Lee Knippenberg '82 
(1990) 
Director of the Theatre Program 
B.A., Oglethorpe University 
M.F.A., University of Georgia 

Joseph M. Knippenberg (1985) 
Associate Professor of Politics 
B.A., James Madison College of 

Michigan State University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 

Toronto 

John B. Knott, III (1971) 
Executive Vice President 
A.B., University of North 

Carolina 
M.Div., Duke University 
Ph.D., Emory University 

Robin M. Le Blanc (1994) 
Assistant Professor of Politics 
B.A., Berry College 
Ph.D., University of Oklahoma 

Jay Lutz (1988) 

Associate Professor of French 
Manning M. Pattillo Professor of 

Liberal Arts 
B.A. Antioch University 
M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 

Alexander M. Martin (1993) 
Assistant Professor of History 
B.A., Cornell University 
M.A., Columbia University 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 

Michael F. McClure (1993) 
Assistant Professor of English 
B.A., M.A., Humboldt State 

University 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 

Douglas McFarland (1992) 
Assistant Professor of English 
B.A., Pomona College 
M.A., San Francisco State 

University 
Ph.D., University of California, 

Berkeley 



Mary M. Middleton (1988) 

Associate Professor of Accounting 
B.S., M.S., University of Virginia 
Ph.D., University of Georgia 

Gary T. Nelson (1996) 

Associate Professor of Education 
B.S., M.Ed., University of Georgia 
Ph.D., Georgia State University 

Philip J. Neujahr (1973) 
Professor of Philosophy 
B.A. Stanford University 
M.Phil., Ph.D., Yale University 

Lloyd Nick (1984) 

Director of Art Programs 

Director of the Oglethorpe University 

Museum 
B.F.A., Hunter College 
M.F.A., University of Pennsylvania 

Ken Nishimura (1964) 
Professor of Philosophy 
A.B., Pasadena College 
M.Div., Asbury Theological 

Seminary 
Ph.D., Emory University 

Caroline R. Noyes (1995) 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 
A.B., Randolph-Macon Woman's 

College 
MA., Ph.D., University of Georgia 

John D. Orme (1983) 
Professor of Politics 
B.A., University of Oregon 
M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 

Viviana R Plotnik (1994) 

Assistant Professor of Spanish 
Licenciatura, Universidad de 

Belgrano, Argentina 
M.A., University of Minnesota 
Ph.D., New York University 

W. Irwin Ray (1986) 

Director of Musical Activities 
B.M., Samford University 
M.C.M., D.M.A., Southern 
Baptist Theological Seminary 



213 



Michael K. Rulison (1982) 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., University of Illinois 
M.S., Ph.D., University of 
Georgia 

John A. Ryland(1985) 
Librarian 
B.A., M.A., Florida State 

University 
Bibliotekarseksamen, Royal 

School of Librarianship- 

Copenhagen 

Daniel L. Schadler (1975) 
Professor of Biology 
A.B., Thomas More College 
M.S., Ph.D., Cornell University 

William C. Schulz, 111(1992) 
Assistant Professor of Business 

Administration 
B.A., New College of the 

University of South Florida 
M.A., Indiana University 
Ph.D., University of Georgia 

William O. Shropshire (1979) 
Callaway Professor of Economics 
B.A., Washington and Lee 

University 
Ph.D., Duke University 

W. Bradford Smith (1994) 
Assistant Professor of History 
B.A., University of Michigan 
Ph.D., Emory University 

Robert Steen (1995) 

Assistant Professor of Japanese 

B.A., Oberlin College 

M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University 

Brad L. Stone (1982) 
Professor of Sociology 
B.S., M.S., Brigham Young 

University 
Ph.D., University of Illinois 

William F. Straley (1990) 

Associate Professor of Business 

Administration 
B.S., M.S., M.B.A., Georgia State 

University 
Ph.D., Auburn University 



LindaJ. Taylor (1975) 
Professor of English 
A.B., Cornell University 
Ph.D., Brown University 

David N. Thomas (1968) 

Professor of History 

A.B., Coker College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of North 
Carolina 

D.H., Francis Marion College 
Philip D. Tiu (1995) 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., University of San Carlos - 
Philippines 

A.M., Ph.D., Dartmouth College 

J. Dean Tucker (1988) 

Associate Professor of Business 

Administration and Economics 
Mack A. Rikard Chair in Business 

Administration and Economics 
B.S., M.A., Ohio State University 
Ph.D., Michigan State University 

James M. Turner (1995) 

Assistant Professor of Accounting 
B.B.A., University of Georgia 
Ph.D., Georgia State University 

Vienna Kern Volante (1987) 
Associate Professor of Education 
Vera A. Milner Professor of 

Elementary Education 
B.A., University of North 

Carolina 
M.A., East Tennessee State 

University 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 

Victoria L. Weiss (1977) 
Professor of English 
B.A., St. Norbert College 
M.A., Ph.D., Lehigh University 

Jason M. Wirth (1994) 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., College of the Holy Cross 
M.A., Villanova University 
Ph.D., State University of New 
York 



214 



Monte W. Wolf (1978) 
Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., University of California 
Ph.D., University of Southern 
California 



Philip P. Zinsmeister (1973) 
Professor of Biology 
B.S., Wittenberg University 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Illinois 



Alan N. Woolfolk (1989) 

Associate Professor of Sociology 
B.S., M.A., University of 

Pennsylvania 
M.S., University of Oregon 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 



Professors Emeriti 



Thomas W. Chandler (1961) 
Librarian Emeritus 
B.A., M.Ln., Emory University 

Charlton H.Jones (1974) 
Professor Emeritus of Business 

Administration 
B.S., University of Illinois 
M.B.A., Ph.D., University of 

Michigan 



Philip F. Palmer (1964) 

Professor Emeritus of Political 

Studies 
A.B., M.A., University of 

New Hampshire 

T. LavonTalley(1968) 

Professor Emeritus of Education 
B.S., M.S., Ed.D., Auburn 
University 



J. Brien Key (1965) 

Professor Emeritus of History 
A.B., Birmingham-Southern 

College 
M.A., Vanderbilt University 
Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins 

University 

James R. Miles (1950) 

Professor Emeritus of Business 

Administration 
A.B., B.S., University of Alabama 
M.B.A., Ohio State University 

Henry S. Miller (1974) 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 
A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Columbia 
University 



Louise M. Valine (1978) 

Professor Emerita of Education 
B.S., University of Houston 
M.Ed., University of Georgia 
Ed.D., Auburn University 

Martha H. Vardeman (1966) 
Professor Emerita of Sociology 
B.S., M.S., Auburn University 
Ph.D., University of Alabama 

George F. Wheeler (1953) 
Professor Emeritus of Physics 
A.B., Ohio State University 
M.A., California Institute 
of Technology 



David K. Mosher (1972) 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
B.A., Harvard University 
B.S.A.E., Ph.D., Georgia Institute 
of Technology 



215 



Administration 

(Year of appointment in parentheses) 



Donald S. Stanton (1988) 
President 

A.B., Western Maryland College 
M.Div., Wesley Seminary 
M.A., The American University 
Ed.D., University of Virginia 
L.H.D., Columbia College 
LL.D., Western Maryland College 
Litt.D., Albion College 

Robert J. Buccino (1995) 

Vice President for Advancement 
B.A., M.A., Fairfield University 

Anthony S. Caprio (1989) 
Provost 

B.A., Wesleyan University 
M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 



Donald R. Moore (1986) 

Vice President for Student Affairs/ 

Dean of Community Life 
B.A., Emory University 
J.D., Emory University School of 

Law 

Manning M. Pattillo, Jr. (1975) 
Honorary Chancellor 
B.A., University of the South 
A.M., Ph.D., University of 

Chicago 
LL.D., LeMoyne College 
LL.D., St. John's University 
L.H.D., University of Detroit 
L.H.D., College of New Rochelle 
L.H.D., Park College 
Litt.D., St. Norbert College 
D.C.L., University of the South 
LL.D., Oglethorpe University 



Paul L. Dillingham (1984) 
Assistant to the President 
B.S., University of Kentucky 

John B. Knott, III (1971) 
Executive Vice President 
A.B., University of North 

Carolina 
M.Div., Duke University 
Ph.D., Emory University 



John A. Thames (1977) 
Dean of University College 
B.A., Vanderbilt University 
M.A., Columbia University 
Ed.D., University of Southern 
California 

Eleanor O. Burgin (1991) 

Administrative Assistant to the 
President 



I 



216 



Academic Affairs 



Anthony S. Caprio 
Provost 

Gale Fox Barnett 

Director of Urban Leadership 
Program 

Jack M. Berkshire 
Director of Athletics 

Paul Stephen Hudson 72 
Registrar 

Mary Kay Jennings 

Learning Disabilities Coordinator 

Uoyd Nick 

Museum Director 

John A. Ryland 
Librarian 

Linda J. Taylor 

Director of Fresh Focus Program 
Director of Academic Resource 
Center 

Victoria L. Weiss 

Director of Core Curriculum 

Deborah J. Dejuan 

Library Assistant - Circulation 



Kathleen C. Guy 

Museum Associate 

Nora L. Krebs 

Office Manager - Faculty Services 

Stephanie L. Phillips '90 

Library Assistant - Circulation 

Penelope M. Rose '65 

Library Assistant - Periodicals 

George G. Stewart 
Reference Librarian 

David A. Stockton 
Catalog Librarian 

Pamela G. Tubesing 

Administrative Assistant to the 
Provost 

Rhonda Z. Walls 
Associate Registrar 

Christen R. Warner '92 

Library Assistant - Acquisitions 

Donna E. Whitehead 

Audio -visual Coordinator 



Admission and Financial Aid 



John B. Knott, III 

Executive Vice President 

Dennis T. Matthews 

Associate Dean of Enrollment 
Management 

Pamela S. Beaird '83 

Director of Financial Aid 

Linda M. Bartell 

Associate Director of Admission 

Andy P. Geeter '89 

Associate Director of Admission 

Patrick N. Bonones 

Assistant Director of Financial Aid 

Eric T. Dumbleton 

Admission Counselor 

Troy A. Dwyer '94 
Admission Counselor 



David R. Graves 

Admission Counselor 

Barbara B. Henry '85 

Assistant Director for Graduate 
Admission 

Meredith M. Kemp '95 

Financial Aid Counselor 

Debby B. Kirby 

Assistant to the Associate Dean 

Meredith A. Mabry '94 

Admission Counselor 

Leigh D. Maloy 

Assistant to the Associate Dean 

Debby M. Schuliger 

Assistant to the Associate Dean 

Christa L. Winsness '92 
Financial Aid Coordinator 



217 



Advancement 



Robert J. Buccino 

Vice President for Advancement 

Mary Kay Murphy 

Associate Vice President for 
Development 

Robert M. Hill 

Director of Public Relations 

Van A. Kapeghian 

Director of Development Research, 
Records, and Computer Services 

Melissa Svitek 

Director of Media Relations 

Amy D. Zickus '94 

Director of Alumni Activities and 
Assistant Director of Annual Fund 

Sonia F. Anderson 

Secretary for Development Research, 
Records, and Computer Services 



Harold C. Doster 

Director of Planned Giving 

Alisa R. Kondas 

Secretary for Advancement 

Geraldine G. McVaney 
Secretary for Advancement 

Monique Mitchell 

Office Manager for Public Relations 

Sharon R. Rabb 

Campaign Coordinator 

Ann M. Fitzgibbons 

Administrative Assistant to the Vice 
President for Advancement 



Athletics and Physical Fitness 



i 



Anthony S. Caprio 
Provost 

Jack M. Berkshire 
Director of Athletics 
Head Men 's Basketball Coach 

Beth D. Elbon 

Head Women 's Basketball Coach 



James C. Owen 

Associate Basketball Coach 
Intramural Director 

William C. Popp 

Head Baseball Coach 

Steve Stepp 
Head Trainer 



1 

I 



Patricia R. Elsey 
Office Manager 

Meredyth Grenier 
Volleyball Coach 

Michael F. Lochstampfor 
Head Men 's Soccer Coach 

J. Dunn Neugebauer 
Head Tennis Coach 
Sports Information Director 



Robert L. linger 

Head Cross Country and Track 
Coach 

Todd Yelton 

Head Women 's Soccer Coach 



r 

f 



i 



218 



Business Affairs 



John B. Knott, III 

Executive Vice President 



Adrina G. Richard 

Director of Auxiliary Services 



Linda W. Bucki '79 

Associate Dean for Administration 

Carrie Lee Hall 

Administrative Assistant to the 
Executive Vice President and 
to the Associate Dean for 
Administration 



Charles M. Wingo 
Manager, Bookstore 

Sheryl D. Murphy 

Assistant Manager, Bookstore 

Richard L. Bemis, Sr. 

Director of the Physical Plant 



Janice C. Gilmore 

Director of the Business Office 

Hilda G. Nix 

Accounts Payable and Payroll 
Supervisor 

Vivian D. Marshall 

Accounts Receivable Supervisor 

Janet H. Maddox 

Director of Institutional Research 



Jewel R. Bolen 

Director of Data Processing 

John P. Toole, Jr. 

Director of Network Resources 

Virginia R. Tomlinson 
Network Technician 

Sandra K. Howard 

University Receptionist 



Community Life/Student Affairs 



Donald R. Moore 

Vice President for Student Affairs 
and Dean of Community Life 

Marshall R. Nason 

Associate Dean of Community Life 
and Director of Student Center 

Andy A. Altizer 

Assistant Dean of Community Life 
and Director of Housing 

Patsy A. Bradley 

University Nurse 



Katherine K. Nobles 

Director of Career Services 

Elizabeth B. Ryland 

Psychologist 

Janelle W. Smith 

Administrative Assistant to the Vice 
President 

M. Elizabeth Nissley 

Secretary for the Student Center 



C. Harold Johnson 
Director of Security 



219 



University College 



John A. Thames Cynthia L. Mascioli 
Dean of University College Office Manager 

Carl I. Pirkle, Jr. Heather M. Mikos 

Associate Dean of University College Registration Coordinator 

Arlis D. Head '83 

Associate Dean of University College 



f 



i 



220 



Institutional Affiliations and 
t Memberships 

American Council on Education 

Association of American Colleges and Universities 

Association of Governing Boards 

Association of Private Colleges and Universities in Georgia 

Atlanta Chamber of Commerce 

College Board 

Council for Advancement and Support of Education 

Council of Colleges of Arts and Sciences 

DeKalb Chamber of Commerce 

Georgia Association of Colleges 

Georgia Foundation for Independent Colleges 

Higher Education Data Sharing Consortium 

National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities 

National Collegiate Athletic Association 

National Institute of Independent Colleges and Universities 

Southeastern Library Network 

Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference 

University Center in Georgia 

University members hold affiliations and memberships in the following 
professional organizatioris: 

American Accounting Association 

American Association for the Advancement of Core Curriculum 

American Association for the Advancement of Science 

American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies 

American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers 

American Association of Higher Education 

American Association of Museums 

American Association of Physics Teachers 

American Association of Teachers of French 

American Association of University Administrators 

American Association of University Professors 

American Association of University Women 

American Astronomical Society 

American Chemical Society 

American Choral Directors Association 

American Choral Foundation 

American Economics Association 

American Educational Research Association 

American Guild of Organists 

American Historical Association 

American Institute of Biological Sciences 

American Institute of Certified Planners 

American Institute of Certified Public Accountants 



221 



American Library Association 

American Mathematical Society 

American Museum of Natural History 

American Philosophical Society 

American Physical Society 

American Phytopathological Society 

American Planning Association 

American Political Science Association 

American Psychological Society 

American Scientific Affiliation 

American Sociological Association 

Association for Computing Machinery 

Association for Institutional Research 

Association for Student Judicial Affairs 

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development 

Association for the Sociology of Religion 

Association of Fraternity Advisors 

Association of General and Liberal Studies 

Association of Georgia Housing Officers 

Association of Heads of Departments of Psychology 

Association of Professional Researchers for Advancement 

Association on Higher Education and Disability 

Association Sauver les Documents en Peril des Bibliotheques Frangais 

Atlanta Historical Society 

Adanta History Center 

Atlanta Press Club, Inc. 

Chamblee Area Business and Professional Coalition 

College and University Personnel Association 

College Art Association 

College Music Society 

College Reading Association 

College Sports Information Directors of America 

Conductor's Guild 

Council for Adult and Experiential Learning 

Council of Undergraduate Psychology Programs 

Council on Undergraduate Research 

Decision Science Institute 

Direct Marketing Association 

Economic History Association 

Educational and Institutional Cooperative Services 

Entomological Society of America 

European Behavioral Pharmacology Society 

Financial Executives Institute 

Food Distribution Research Society 

Foreign Language Association of Georgia 

Georgia Academy of Science 

Georgia Association for Institutional Research Planning, Assessment, and Quality 

Georgia Association of Accounting Instructors 

Georgia Association of Campus Law Enforcement 

Georgia Association of College Stores 

Georgia Association of Colleges of Teacher Education 



222 



I 



Georgia Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers 

Georgia Association of Disability Service Providers in Higher Education 

Georgia Association of International Educators 

Georgia Association of Professional Researchers for Advancement 

Georgia Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators 

Georgia Association of Teacher Educators 

Georgia Association on Young Children 

Georgia Chrysanthemum Society 

Georgia College Personnel Association 

Georgia College Placement Association 

Georgia Council International Reading Association 

Georgia Council of Teachers of English 

Georgia Educational Research Association 

Georgia Historical Society 

Georgia Honors Council 

Georgia Middle School Association 

Georgia Music Educators Association 

Georgia Philosophical Society 

Georgia Planned Giving Council 

Georgia Professors of Middle Level Education 

Georgia Professors of Reading 

Georgia Residence Hall Association 

Georgia Shell Club 

Georgia Society of Certified Public Accountants 

Georgia Sociological Association 

Georgia Theatre Conference 

International Association of Campus Law Enforcement 

International Association of University Presidents 

International Federation of Choral Music 

International Reading Association 

International Society of Plant Pathology 

International Studies Association 

International Time Capsule Society 

Japan-America Society of Georgia 

Kagawa Society 

Mathematical Association of America 

Medieval Academy of America 

Modern Language Association of America 

Music Educators National Conference 

NAFSA: Association of International Educators 

National Association for the Education of Young Children 

National Association of Academic Affairs Administrators 

National Association of Advisers for the Health Professions 

National Association of Basketball Coaches 

National Association of Campus Activities 

National Association of College Admission Counselors 

National Association of College and University Business Officers 

National Association of College Auxiliary Services 

National Association of College Stores 

National Association of Colleges and Employers 

National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics 

National Association of Educational Buyers 



223 



National Association of Recording Arts and Sciences 

National Association of Scholars 

National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators 

National Association of Student Personnel Administrators 

National Childhood Education Association 

National Council of Teachers of English 

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics 

National Education Association 

National Middle School Association 

National Reading Conference 

National Science Teachers Association 

National Society for Experiential Education 

National Society of Fund Raising Executives 

National Systems Programmers Association 

Nonprofit Resource Center 

North Georgia Museum Educators 

Organ Historical Society 

Psychonomic Society 

Sigma Xi (Scientific Research) Society 

Society for College and University Planning 

Society for Developmental Biology 

Society for Greek Political Thought 

Society for Human Resource Management 

Society for Neuroscience 

Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Study 

Society for the Scientific Study of Religion 

South Atlantic Modern Language Association 

Southeastern Association of Housing Officers 

Southeastern Psychological Association 

Southeastern Theatre Conference 

Southern Agricultural Economics Association 

Southern Association for College Student Affairs 

Southern Association for Institutional Research 

Southern Association of Institutional Researchers 

Southern Association of College Admission Counselors 

Southern Association of College Auxiliary Services 

Southern Association of College and University Business Officers 

Southern Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators 

Southern Business Administration Association 

Southern College Placement Association 

Southern Early Childhood Association 

Southern Economic Association 

Southern Historical Association 

Southern Marketing Association 

Southern Political Science Association 

Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology 

Southern Sociological Society 

The Federalist Society 

The Tennyson Society 

University Risk Management and Insurance Association 

U.S. Chess Federation 



224 



I 



J 



$i^^0m 



4484 Pe»chtree Road, N.E 
Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797 




226 




Directions to Campus 

From I -85: 

Take Exit 31 , North Druid Hills Road. 
Go north about 2 miles to Peachtree 
Road and turn right (north). Go about 
1 mile on Peachtree. Oglethorpe is 
on the left. 

From 1-285: 

Take Exit 23, Peachtree Industrial 
Blvd., and go south about 4 miles. 
The campus is on the right. Or. take 
Exit 21 . Ashford-Dunwoody Road, 
and go south to the end. Turn right 
on Peachtree Road. Campus is on 
the right. 



Legend for Campus l\/lap 



1. 

2. 
3. 

4. Crypt of CIvlllzaton 

5. Goodman Hall 

6. Tnw Residence Hall 

7. Philip Weltner Library 
8. 
9. 

10. 



11. Emerson Student Center 21. President's Home 

12. Dining Hail 22. Greek Row 

13. Swimming Pool 23. Selgakuin Scliool 

14. New Residence Hall 24. iyack 

15. Jacobs Residence Hall 25. Tennis Courts 

16. Alumni ResMence Hall 26. Dorough Field 

17. Tnjstee Residence Hall 27. Schmidt Center 

18. Dempsey Residence Hail 28. Anderson Fiekl 



29. 



Soccer Field 



227 



Index 



Academic Advising 68 

Academic Regulations 67 

Academic Resource Center 98 

Access to Records 75 

Administration 216 

Advanced Placement Credit 30 

Alumni Assn. Board of Directors 210 
Application for Admission- 
Graduate 100 

Application for Admission- 
Undergraduate 23 

Artist-in-Residence 108 

Athletics 57 

Auditing Courses 71 

Board of Trustees 205 

Calendar 4 

Campus Facilities 17 

Career Planning 60 

Class Attendance 69 

CLEP 27 

Commencement Exercises 72 

Community Life 53 

Cooperative Education 59 

Core Curriculum 77 

Counseling 60 

Course of Study Descriptions 

Accounting 172 

Allied Health Studies 144 

American Studies 88 

Art 108 

Biology 144 

Business Administration 175 

Business Administration and 

Behavioral Science 89 

Business Administration and 

Computer Science 90 

Chemistry 147 

Communications Ill 

Computer Science 180 

Economics 182 

Education, Early Childhood 189 

Education, Graduate 195 

Education, Middle Grades 189 

Education, Secondary 190 

Engineering 150 

English 113 

Foreign Language 117 

History 134 

Honors 81 

Individually Planned Major 95 



Interdisciplinary Majors 88 

International Studies 91, 137 

Mathematics 152 

Mathematics and Computer 

Science 94 

Medical Technology 155 

Music 122 

Philosophy 124 

Physical Fitness 57 

Physics 156 

Politics 138 

Prelaw Studies 142 

Pre-medical Studies 159 

Pre-seminary Studies 128 

Psychology 162 

Social Work 167 

Sociology 166 

Theatre 128 

Writing 129 

Credit by Examination 27 

Cross Registration 68 

Curriculum, Organization 77 

Dean's List 71 

Degrees 73 

Degrees With Honors 73 

Discriminatory Harassment 

Policy 55 

Drop/ Add 49 

Dual Degree Programs Ill, 150 

Emerson Student Center 19 

Evening School Fees 49 

Expenses 49 

Faculty 212 

Faith Hall 20 

Fees and Costs 47 

Field House 20 

Financial Assistance 33 

Fraternities and Sororities 57 

Fresh Focus 97 

Good Standing 72 

Goodman Hall 20 

Goslin Hall 20 

Grades 69 

Graduate Studies in Education .... 195 

Graduation Exercises 72, 199 

Graduation Requirements- 
Graduate Program in 

Education 195 

Graduation Requirements- 
Undergraduate-Day 71 



228 



Graduation Requirements- 
Undergraduate-Evening 102 

Greek Organizations 57 

Handicapped Access 18 

Health Services 61 

Hearst Hall 19 

History of Oglethorpe 13 

Honor Code 75 

Honors and Awards 62 

Honors Program 81 

Housing 61 

Institutional Affiliations 221 

International Baccalaureate 

Credit 27 

International Exchange 

Partnerships 96 

International Students 27 

Internships and Co-operative 

Education 59 

Joint Enrollment 28 

Latin Academic Honors 73 

Learning Disabilities Resource 

Center 60 

Library (Lowry Hall) 18 

Lupton Hall 19 

Major Programs 86 

Mathematics Proficiency 

Requirement 71 

Meals 61 

Minor Programs 87 

Museum 18 

Non-Credit Courses 102 

Non-Degree Program 102 



Non-Traditional Students 28 

Normal Academic Load 74 

The O Book 62 

Oglethorpe Student Association.... 56 

Orientation 54 

Part-Time Fees 49 

Placement Center 60 

President's Advisory Council 208 

Probation and Dismissal 72 

Professional Option 159 

Refund Policy 50 

Registration 68 

Residence Halls 20 

Residency Requirement 26, 71 

Scholarships 40 

Second Baccalaureate Degree 73 

Semester System 74 

Sexual Harassment Policy 55 

Special Students 28 

Student Organizations 56 

Study Abroad 96 

Teacher Education Program 188 

Tradition, Purpose, and Goals 8 

Traer Hall 20 

Transfer Students 26 

Transient Students 28 

Tutoring (ARC) 60 

University Center in Georgia 68 

University College 99 

Urban Leadership Program 95 

Withdrawal from a Course 49, 74 

Withdrawal from the 

University 49, 75 



229 






Please send me additional information: 
Name 



Address 



City State Zip. 

Phone ( ) 



School Attending. 
Graduation Year 



Field of Interest (if decided) 
Non-Academic Interests 



Mail to: Admission Office 

Oglethorpe University 
4484 Peach tree Road, N.E. 
Adanta, Georgia 30319 



l!!f 



Please send me additional information: 
Name 



Address 



City State Zip. 

Phone ( ) 



School Attending. 
Graduation Year 



Field of Interest (if decided) 
Non-Academic Interests 



Mail to: Admission Office 

Oglethorpe University 
4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Atlanta, Georgia 30319 



BUSINESS REPLY MAIL 

FIRST CLj^SS MAIL PERMITNO. 1542 ATLANTA, GA 



POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY ADDRESSEE 



Admission Office 

OgletJiorpe University 
4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Atlanta, Georgia 30319-9985 



NO POSTAGE 

NECESSARY 

IF MAILED 

IN THE 

UNITED STATES 



BUSINESS REPLY MAIL 

FIRST CU\SS MAIL PERMITNO. 1542 ATLANTA, GA 



POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY ADDRESSEE 



Admission Office 

Oglethorpe University 
4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Adanta, Georgia 30319-9985 



NO POSTAGE 

NECESSARY 

IF MAILED 

IN THE 

UNITED STATES 




.. ...4