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MAY 31 1675 

Richard Guy John Fenwick Thomas Pyle 











In compiliug the following paper relat- 
ing to the very first sales of lands in 
Fen wick's Colony, I take the oppor- 
tunity of calling the attention of this 
Society to an "Old Deed/' the oldest of 
several very rare aud valuable parch- 
ment manuscripts in my possession, 
bearing date nearly one year anterior to 
that of one already exhibited— belonging 
to a series known as the William Penn 
Deeds with autographic signatures of 
Wm. Penn, Gawan Laurie, Nicholas 
Lucas and Edward Bylliuge. 

It was executed the thirty-first day 
of May 1675, and conveyed to Richard 
Guy tenthousand acres of land in this 
county of Salem, in what is now the 
Township of Pilesgrve, and "located in 
the upper part of Salem tenth where the 
township of Pilesgrove is now." 

The price paid by Guy for this large 
tract of land, was fifty pounds Stirling, 
about two hundred and fifty dollars irt' 
our currency. The deed is signed by, 
Fenwick and endorsed: — 

"Inroled in the Register Liber A 

belonging to Fenwick's Colony in the 

Province of New Cesarea or New 

Jersey in America, the XVIII th day 

of June MDCLXXV. 

per J. Garfield." 

There is also a separate piece of parch- 
ment attached to this remarkable scrip- 
tory antique, upon which is written in 
exquisite caligraphy a receipt for tlie 
above fifty pounds sterling, signed by 
Fenwick also by ten witnesses, whose 
names are again written on the back of 
the deed, viz:— 

"John Smith, vSamuel vicholson. Rich- 

ard Mergan, Peter Hoff, Edward Champ- 
neys, Edward Wade Thomas Anderson, 
Edmund Warner, Richard Noble and 
James.. Garfieldser." 

The property conveyed was one of a 
numerous category, sold by Fenwick be- 
fore he sailed for America, to be lo- 
cated after nis arrival there. 

i^lthough the name of the purchaser 
is ostensibly Richard Guy, it was actually 
Thomas Pyle, a citizen of London, for 
whom he uought it, on the same day 
he acquired for himself and wife, Bridg- 
ett Guy, a deed for one thousand acres 
of land afterward located in Elsinboro. 
Salem county. 

Most of tlie above signers of the deed 
and receipt for the money given by Fen- 
wick afterward emigrated to America. 
The last on the list, James Garfieldser, 
did not, the final letters of the sur- 
name, s. e. r. are supposed to represent, 
not family senority, but to be an abbre- 
t vjation of his professional title, that of 
*S* scrivener, and lie probably wrote this 
very deed, the chirography being that 
of an old man. Indeed he did not long 
survive the period we refer to. as Mary 
Fenwick in a letter to her husband 167S, 
Aug. 27th, announces his death in terms 
of affectionate regard; in the interval, 
laowever, he signed liis name to docu- 
ments connected with the litigation at 
that time pending between Fenwick and 
Eldr'dge and Warner in the City of 

The Township of Pilesgrove did not 
derive its name from the ten thousand 
acre tract, deeded to Richard Guy in its 
entirety, but only from a part of it. 
wheie Tiiomas Pyle. (whose surname is 


MA,"? .V 18) ) 

IK rp((i:;it((l b.\' it) built his liome. This 
is shown ))>■ ilic following deed male 
by W'iliinni Mall to John Hopman, in 
wliicii he leserves half an acre that was 
used as a private cemetery and fi-oni 
this cinunistance wo assume tliat it w.m 
tile original iiomstead of Pyle, viz:— 

'•10915, Oct. r», Deed. William Hall, of 
Salem Town. W. J., yeoman, and wife. 
Klizabeth. to John Hopman, of Rattcoon 
Creek. Glossester Co., iuisbandman. for 
the Plantation called Pile Grove. 380 
acres, between the branches of Salem 
Creek adjoining Joseph White, excepting 
1 alf a. u.sed as a burying place." (Salem 
Deeds, No. 6.) 

Th:s deed was for a jjart of tiie de- 
n;en?e— manor house with land— com- 
prising two thousand acres, part of 
wliicli had been previously deeded to 
William ilall, viz: — 

"K9'3, June 15th, Deed. Thomas Pyle, 
of Pile Grove. Salem Co.. gentleman, to 
WUiam Hall, of Salem Town, yeoman, i 
foi- 1000 acres, the upper half of the ' 
20a0 acre tract called Pile Grove." | 
(S:ilem Deeds. No. 6.) | 

This is probably the final conveyance 
executed by Thomas Pyle, as his last 
v.ili and testament only two months, less 
two days lauer indicates; and we know 
lie certainly died before October 11th. i 
1695. ! 

It has beea stated tliat Pyle became a '. 
veiy considerable land owner in Fen- 
wick's Colony by sundiy fiurehases «»r 
real estate besides the large tract al- 
ready referred to. I have failed to 
c'ontirm this; finding in my researches 
nothing bought, but numerous sales as 
well as gifts of tracts originally jiarts 
of the puichase made by Richard Gu>'. 
Tlu' gifts were mostly of his daughter 
and her husband. William Hall, one of 
wnich. the Largest, I (juote. viz: 

'li'Iil!. .\ug. 17, Deed. Thomas Pile (as 
lit^forc) to William ?Tall and wife. Eliza- 
l»(>th. daughter of said Thomas, for 4.000 
acres of the jircceding IniMtii .md after 

1 1 his death 2.000 more." (Salem Deed 

I! No. 5.) 
I Richard Guy doubtless came over to 

! America in the ship "Griffith" with John 
I Fenwick in 1675 and the following year 
|i we find this Warrant of Survey, viz: 
!l "1676. 12d. 9m (Nov.) Warrant of Sur- 
I vcy to Richard Guy of 1,000 acres at or 
I near the point formerly called Elsin- 
burge Fort and Now Guy's foint, form- 
I erly granted to John Townsend. saitl 
j name liaving been sused fictitlonsly." 
j (Salem Surveys 1676.) 

He was early an active participant in 
the affairs of the Colony an«i wneu "John 
Fenwick took the oath of office as Gov- 
ernor of ^-enwick's Colony. 1676. June 21." 
the same day "Richard Guy of Guys 
Point. Township of New Salem, Fen- 
wick's Colony, planter, (likewise) took 
tlie oath as member of the Governor's 
Council." (Salem Surveys 1676.) 

Thomas Pyle's wife, nee Sarah Can- 
non, was a daughter and namesake of 
Sarah Cannon, who owned land in tlie 
Town of New Salem, wliich she be- 
queathed to said Sarah Pyle. as appears 
from the following Power of Attorney, 
which is interesting from the light it 
throws on the residence of Samuel Car- 
p?nter in 16S^. viz:— 

"1686. April 23d. Sarah Pile, of Pile 
Grove, by her Attorney. William Hall., 
of the same place. Salem Tenth. W. J.. 
yeoman, to Samuel Carpenter, of Elsin- 
boroug.i. said tenth, merchant, for l'J 
acres in the Town of Salem, on Fen- 
wick's River, and the highway from 
Salem Landing. bc(|iieathed to said Sarah 
1)\ iicr mother. Sarah Cannon, who 
bought the lot of John Smith. June 4. 
hiSH." (Salem Deeds, No. 4.) 

I'lom tiie dates of .he preceding com- 
mission we know that Sarah CanncMi 
t]:et\ liefore tlie year 1686. About one 
year i^reviously. Samuel Carpenter, then 
residing in Philadelphia. bought t!io 
(luy's Point Estate and hau removed to 
Klsinboio as sliown l)y the following 
deed, viz: — 

William Hall, 1691. Joshua Bradway, 1791 

"Uisri, May l:Uli, deed. Richard Guy, 
late of Elsinbin-gh, Salem Tenth, W. J., 
yeonion and wife. Bridj?ett. to Samuel 
C^iriuMiler, »)f Philadelpnia. merchant, 
for 812 acres at EI.sinburj?h." (Salem 
Deed.s, No. (i.) 

The woi-d.-^ iate of Elsinburs'h" imply 
the i-cnidval of Richard Guy. aftei- a 
residence of ten years— his old friend, 
the Pioprietor, having been dead about 
two >'ears— fi-om Salem to Burlington, 
where he made his will, 1G89. September 
i'i\ l(^aving "wife, Bridgett. sole heiress 
and executrix of I'eal and personal es- 
tate," "proved December 2, 169.3." In- 
cluded in the inventory of his estate 
is "a mortgage of £ 3(K), on a plantation 
at El? in borrow due by Samuel Capen- 
ter." Bridgett Guy survived her hus- 
band about five years, dying in lfi98. 
Samuel CarptMitei- was named one of her 
executors. In tlie deed to the latter from 
Sarah Pyle of the 22 acres "on the high- 
way from Salem Landing" it is said her 
mother, Sarali Cannini. "bought the lot 
of John Smith. .lune 4th. 1683," and on 
the same day Samuel Carpenter came 
iii'o possession of the said twent.v and 
two acres. April 12, 1686, he assigned it 
t.) "William Kylle." of Salem, W. J., 
;iii(l live years later lacking eleven days. 
this same lot became the property of Wm. 
I 'all. who previously sold it to Samuel 
C'arjienter as Attorney for Sarah Pyle, 

"1C91. April 2d. William Kelly, of Salem 
Town, weaver, to William Hall, late of 
Pile Grove, now of Manneton Creek. W. 
J., yoeman. and wife, Elizabeth, for 22 
acres in the Town of Salem, sold by 
said Hall to Sainuel Carpenter. April 13. 
1686, and assigned by said Carpenter on 
the same day to present grantor." 
(Salem Deeds. No. 5.) 

The exact location of tlie Smith. Can- 
non. Carpenter. Kell.v. Hall Town Lot is; 
defin-.lely settled, by its being named in 
the following memorandum of sale, as 
the place wliene a certain payment of 
monev was to be made, viz:— 

j "16S,")-16. 22d, 12th m. (February), Mem. 
of Sale. Wm. Groome to Richard Mar- 
shall of 2ftO acres in Alloways Creek. 
bought of Marcus Elger. of Middle Neck, 
Salem Tenth, who is to give deed, the 
land adjoins Dennis ffishers 5no a.— "pin- 
chase consideration to be delivered at 
Wm. Kelly's house at Salem Town 
landing." (Salem Surveys. No. 8.) 

In the year 1701 Samuel Carpenter, 
then a merchant of Philadelphia, .sold to 
"Rothro" Morris, of Salem Co., W. .7.. 
yeoman, the plantation of twelve hun- 
dred acres in Elsinboro, viz:— 

"1701, Nov. 2t). Do, Samuel Carpenter, 
of Philadelphia, merchant, and wife, 
Haimah, to "Rothro" Morris, of Salem 
Co., W. J., yeoman, for the planta- 
tion of 1200 acres in said county called 
Elsinburg." (Salem Deeds.) 

I Thus we find that Carpenter owned 
I property in Feiiwick's Colony from 16S5 

to 1701. sixteen years and resided there 

part of that time. 

John Smytlie, the original owner of tho 
lot he sold to Sarah Cannon, was deed- 
ed sixteen acres of the two and twenty 
by John Fenwick. that being the size 
of the Town Lots, inclusive, awarded 
to each purchaser of one thousand acres; 
the additional six acres having been ac- 
quired by a separate deed, also from the 
Proprietor 'In verba magistri' jurare." 
(To swear by the words of a master). 
— Edson Saul&bury Jones, Esq.. of Poit 
Cb.ester. N. Y., who in his valuable paper 
read before this Society December 10. 
1907. has ably discussed the present sub- 
ject, sa.vs it "was deeded to him by 
Fenwick in 1679." (Town Grants P. 5.) 

He conveyed both lots to Sarah Can- 
non, viz: — 

"ltvs:>. June 4, John Smith, of Mon ■ 
nnnith R. alias Alloways Creek. W. J., 
i gentleman, and wife Martha, to widov 
Saraii C;innon. of New Salem. W. J., for 
22 acres in New Salem Township. 16 
thereof along the highway and ff«'n- 
v,icks River, the other 6 on the road 

from Salem Landing." (Salem Deeds, 
No. 2.) 

We observe from the above deed that 
onlj^ six acres of the two and twenty 
conveyed to Sarah Cannon were "on the 
road from Saiem Landing." 

The Warrant for the Survey of the 
sixteen acre lot for John Smythe reads 
as follows, viz:— 

"1676, Sept. 19th. Do Do. to John Smythe 
'for a home lot of 16 acres in Ne^A 
Salem." (Salem Surveys, 1676.) 

" Note: The like warrant for 

Roger Huckiiigs, Samuel Nicholson, Ed- 
ward Champneys, Edward Warner, Wm. 
Hancock, Edward Bourne of the same 
date." (New Jersey Colonial Docu- 

We have mentioned that John Fen- 
wick took the oath of office as Gover- 
nor of his Colony 1676, June 21; and after 
his decease, in 1685-6 we find in a deed to 
William Wilkensen a reference to the 
"Govenioi-'s lot." (Town Grants Liber 
A, Page 343.) 

The inference from the following ab- 
stract, naturally is, that Governor Fen- 
wick had an official residence in the 
Town, which may explain in a measure, 
the designation "Governor's House." 
which lias been associated with the so 
called "Bradway House," at the foot of 
West Broadway in this city, viz:— 

"16S5-6. Jan. 20, do same to William 
Wilkinson, of New Salem, planter, foi- 
10 a. there on the street to the Gover- 
nor's Lot." (Town Grants. liber A. Page 

]n the Archives of the State we meet 
with the names "Broadaways street" also 
"Bradaways street" also "Brod street." 
earlier "Main street" and "The High- 
way." in 1791 it was called "Salem street." 

"1679. May 15. do same to Christopher 
Sanders, of New Salem, yeoman, and 
wife, Mary, for Sandei's I^ot 14 acres on 
"Bradaways street N. E. Robiinson's 
Plantation" and "Tnrolled May 30. 1679. 
Patent. Same to Richard Robinson, of 

New Salem, yeoman, and wife, Elinor, 
for a lot on Broadaway's St., 10 a." 
(Archives P. 34.) 

Again 1692, August 17, do Jonathan 
Beere, of Salem Town, yeoman, and 
wife, Mary, to Henry Hurley, of the 
same i)lace. weaver, for a liouse and lot 
of 14 acres there, at the corner of Brada- 
way's street along said street to the S. 
W. side of Robinson's plantation, grant- 
ed by John Fenwick to Christopher San- 
ders and wife, Mary, May 22. 1679' and 
liy them conveyed to grantors, October 
9tli. 1686." (Salem Deeds, No. 5.) 

The preceding compilation from the 
published Archives of New Jersey are 
included in this paper on account of their 
possible relation to one of the original 
or very early names of what is now 
known as West Broadway, one of the 
principal streets of the City of Salem 
and of late years long known as Brad- 
way street. In fact Shourds in his val- 
uable "History of Fenwick's Colony" 
says that in "1693 the Town of Salem 
was incorporated into a borough and 
the authorities of the town changed the 
name of Wharf street to Bradway street 
in honor of Edward Bradway," who, 
although the owner of valuable property 
in the Town of New Salem, clearly 
pointed out by Mr. Jones in his paper 
already referred to, never, as far as 1 
have been able to learn resided there, 
except as Mr. Jones says "though un- 
doubtedly he first lived there, as in the 
Meeting Records a minute is found show- 
ing that a committee of four was ap- 
pointed on 12 mo. 1679. (February 2. 1679- 
SO) to view his house and see if it was 
suita])le for a meeting iiouse. As early 
as June 6, 1680 he was of Alloways Creek 
(Salem Deeds 5,34.1) and such was the 
sepcified abode at all later times." And 
there he died 1693, his will being dated 
Dec. 6. 1693. in which his residence is 
given as follows, viz:— 

■■169). Dec. 6th. Bradwa.v Eldward, of 
Monmouth River. Salem Co.. yeoman." 

Tiiei'e was however a street in New Salem 


iiaincd "Edwcird Bradway's street," but 
it was appaiantly situated in another 
part of the Town now or recently known 
as "Penny Hill" and is mentioned in the 
following deed:— 

"16S9, May 27, Do. John Ireson, of 
Salem Town, tanner, to Richard Marshall 
of Salem Co., planter, for 10 acres in the 
Town, on Edward Bradways street, lately 
in the tenure of Charles Bagiey." 
(Salem Deeds, No. 5.) 

As the incorporation of the Town of 
Salem into a borrough did not take place 
until 1G9j, the date of the above deed 
conflicts with the statement ot Thomas 
Shourds, informing us that four years 
previous to that event, i e— in 1689 "Ed- 
ward Bradways street" was one of the 
thoroughfares of the village, and there- 
fore the conferring of the honor, of the 
naming of the street, on Edward Brad- 
way, by the "Authorities of the Town," 
is apparently incorrect, nor is it probable 
that such an obvious impropriety under 
tl.e circumstances, as the changing of 
the name to Sal-em street, doubtless 
years before 1791, could have been per- 
mitted by "the rude forefathers of the 

We may be able to form conclusions 
as to the general bearing of the street 
named after him and other property of 
Edward Bradway by another and the last 
deed pertaining to his subject to wliicli 
] invite your attention, viz: — 

"1685, 25th d. 6th m. (August) Do Rich- 
ard Wilkinson, of New Salem, laborer, 
to Richard Johnson, of the same place, 
carpentei', for that part of the 16 a. lot, 
bought of Edward Bradway (Supra P. 
22.) lying on the N. W. side of a line 
drawn from the outermost bounds of 
grantee's 10 a. lot by the liighway lead- 
ing from Salem Town to the Mill Creek." 
(Archives P. 582.) 

Finally in the conveyances, divers and 
sundry, from John Smythe through 
Sarah Cannon, Samuel Carpenter, Wil- 
liam Kelly to William Hall we are un- 
ablo to trace any ownerships to this 

property, except those already included 
in this paper, tlie evidence being con- 
clusively in favor of the statement of 
Mr. Jones that "There is every reason 
to believe that the house which bears 
upon its East gable the date 1691, was 
built by William Hall and that he had 
established it as his iini by 1692. His will 
dated April lOth. 1713, devised to his son, 
William, the "Capitall house," where 
the testator dwelt, with all the lots 
bought of William Kelly." 

I am of the opinion that we have found 
no valid reason for re.iecting his con- 
clusions, together with his infoimation. 
tljat— "Salem records do not show that 
Edward Bradway ever owned a home or 
lot on the North side of Broadway be- 
tween the wharf and Market street." 

Still, there is no doubt that the de- 
scendants of Edward Bradway did after- 
ward become seized of the very property 
now (after the lapse of so many years) 
in controversy, which finally came into 
the possession of John S. Wood, Esq., 
of Jericho, Cumberland county, by his 
marriage with Sarah Ann Bradway. 
daughter of Thomas and Isabella Dun- 
lap Bradway, the husband being a soji 
of Thomas Bradway, only son of Aaron 
Bradway by his second wife, Sarah 
Smitli, widow of John Smith, grandson 
of John Smith, of Smitn-^.d. Aaron 
Bradway was a grandson of Edward 
Bradway. the emigrant. By liis first wife 
he had a son, Joshua, who bought tlie 
Hall property, at the foot of West 
Broadway from Joseph Hall, a grandson 
of William Hall, the emigrant. March 
2d, 1791. So just one hundred years after 
the "Capitall House" was built it thus 
passed from the Hall to the Bradway 

The late Thomas Wood, of tiiis City, 
son of Jolm S. and Sarah Ann Wood, 
built the -frame dwelling house on the 
corner of Front street and AVest Broad- 
way, and resided there several years. 

Tiie unusual circumstances si'rrounding 
tl\p purchase l^v Richard Guv fi-om John 

l<'fii\vick. ill JHTri, of the ten thousand 
;i( IT iiJU't afterward called "Pile Grove," 
with ni(»iif.\- turiiished V)y Thomas Pyle, 
iii\i)l\c(l thf necessity of a subsequent 
l( ,L;al transfer to wliieli we will pres- 
ently reftM-. We do not know oven ap- 
proximatelN- when the latter immigrated 
to America, but may he guided by the 
following- "Return of Survey," June 20, 
1682, not having any information of his 
movements, during the intervening seven 
jears, from the late t-f ^nircha^e \v 
proxy, ;ui(l the following transaction, 
viz: — 

"16S2. June 20. Return of Survey to 
Thomas Pyle. of I^ondon, citizen and 
upiiolsterer. of 10,000 acres, bought by him 
in the name of Richard Guy. of the 
Parish of Stepney Co.. of Middlesex, 
Cheesemonger, wlio, by a doc^l of trust, 
conveyed the same to John Eld ridge, 
Joseph Hemseley. Richard Noble. Ed- 
ward Champneyes and Edmund Warner, 
of said tract 7.9:>5 a. are bounded by 
Eenwick's River. (^ innoa's Creek, whicli 
goes through part of it; Pyle's Mount. 
Masacksy. alias Oldman's. alias Berkeb' 
Creek. Pyle's Bounder Creek .the liai- 
ance in Necomusses Neck. between 
Necomusses' run now called Fenwick's 
Grove Run and Fenwick's River" (Fen- 
wick's Surve>s 167f)-170o); also by a 
"Deed of Gift from Sarah, wife of 
Thomas Pile, of Shadwell. England, up- 
holsterer, to her daughter, Elizabeth 
Pile, and William Hall, both of Piles- 
gro\e. jurisdiction of New' Salem, for 
all lier personal estate, and iier title to 
10. (KK) acies of land, on condition of mak- 
ing certain payments to Sarah Cannon, 
tlie mother, son, Ephraim Pile, daughter, 
Sarah Gibson and son-in-law. Simon 
Gibson" (dated Janiiar.\- mth. 1t;s:M) also. 

"16So, mth d. Oth ni. (Nov.) Deed of 
Gift from Sarah Cannon, of New Salem, 
widow, to her daughter, Sarah Pile, 
of Shadwell Co., of Middlesex. (Eng- 
land) for all her personal property." 
(Salem Wills. A. P P 2-7.) 

"The preceding two deeds of gifts, so 
called in the record, are evidently in- 
tended to be last wills and testaments." 

If the above surmise, of the compiler 
of the Archives, together with the asso- 
ciated dates are coi-rect, Thos. Pyle's wife, 
Sarah, did not emigrate from London 1o 
U'est Jersey, unless several years elapsed 
between the making of her last will and 
testament and her demise, or if she did, 
must have returned to . England before 
her death, which we infer from the date 
of the inventory of her estate occurred 
in March 1683-4, although the "Deed 'f 
Gift" from her mother, Sarah Cannon, 
dated November 15. 1685, implies that she 
was living at that time. She left for 
those times, quite a considerable per- 
sonal estate, viz:— "£290.11 incl., a boy 
servant, Richard Wheat, £7, a maid 
servant, Mary Barrington, £7, a negro 
woman £14, 4:i oz. of plate, £10.05, an old 
watch 12s. and debts (all desparate)" said 
to be due from some of the most re- 
spectable and perfectly responsible citi- 
zens of Fenwick's Colony such as — 
"Samuel Hedge." "Richard Tindall." 
"Major Fenwick," "Samuel Carpenter," 
and many others, indicating another in- 
j stance of gi'oss inaccuracy in the publish- 
ed chronicles w-e possess. 

In her "Deed of Gift' 'to her daughter, 
Elizabeth, and William Hall, she speaks 
of "her personal estate and her title to 
10.000 acres o*" land." Are we to infer, 
from this in .connection with the indil-ecr 
inuchase by Richard Guy, that she was 
the original and actual owner of part 
if not all of the Pilesgrove estate ? If 
sh.e died in 1683-4, which siie evidently 
did not. but which the inventory of her 
pioperty,". made by Com. Braithwaite 
and Samuel Hedge." both residents of 
the Colony would imply, her husband 
survived her more than twelve years, 
he left a small personal estate, viz:— 

"£49.16.11 iiul books £1. a gold ring 
18. s. made by Jona Beere and Samuel 
Hedge" all of which together witli his 
real proi>erty he left to his daughter. 


West Broadway, Salem, New Jersey 


I':iizal)etli Hall." Son-in-law. William 
JIall. executor." (Salem Wills A. P. 173.) 

10i)hiaim P>'le, the son. died August 
2;"). 1(>S5, about one year and seven months 
after what we suppose to have been the 
(late of the demise of his mother. "Ad- 
ministration on the estate granted to his 
brother-in-law, William Hall." who about 
one pear perviously, i e.— May, 16S4. 
had married his sister. Elizalioth Pyle. 

There was beside the latter, another 
daughter, Sarah Gibson, wife of Simon 
Gibson, who also had a claim by the 
•'Indenture Tripartite" of 1675. June 16th. 
ill which wa.s awarded "one-half to the 
Uife and behoff of Simon Gibson, of the 
Parish of St. Paul. Shadwell Co., of 
Middlesex, carpenter, du'ing the life of 
1 is wife. Sarah; the other half in trust 
for said Thomas Pyle and wife during 
their lives, the whole to go finally to 
Ephraim, son and Elizabeth, daughter, 
of said Thomas and Sarah Pyle." 
As we find no further reference to Sarah 
Gil)Son. we conclude that her husband. 
Simon, survived her and therefore her 
share of the property according to the 
provisions of the "Indenture Tripartite." 
quoted above. Ephraim being dead, re- 
verted to her sister. Elizabeth Hall. (New 
Jersey Colonial Documents, Salem No.l.) 

The only example of the hand writing 
of Ephraim Pyle, whose premature death 
we have noted, is his autograph, spelled 
"Epraim Pyle," as witness to the nun- 
cupative will of Thomas Knowles. of 
New Salem, planter, wherein he devises 
'o Elizabeth Pyle, spinster, as a tri- 
bute doubtless to her worth, virtues, and 
IMissible personal attractions, the singular 
legacy of "a heifer in the hands of 
C^harles Bagley and makes James Nevill 
and Sarah Pyles. executors." The in 
ventory of his personal estate, amounting 
to £17.7.2, made by Thomas Woodruff. 
Sheriff, and Edward Lumley, planter, is 
dated April 2. 1682, and from the fact 
that Sarah Pyles" was one of the execu- 
tors, we must, regardless of our former 
• pinion — tli;it she remained in England. 

j declining to emigrate— in view of the 
j above circum.stancos, admit that she was, 
Ij nevertehless. at that particular time. 
11 "in propria persona," here. 

The last hour of Knowles. within the 
mortuary chamber of his humble home, 
as he uttered the words disposing of h's 
small estate, to which "Epraim Pyle" af- 
fixed his signature as witness, must in- 
deed have been a time lugubrious 
Imagination can transport us also there, 
to mingle with the faithful friends gath- 
ered around him, and hear him with lal- 
tering accents utter his last wishes. A 
mysterious influence pervades the room, 
which tells us that spirits uncanny are 
hovering near— are already there. ;t 
seems a haunted spot. 
"O er all there hung the shadow of a 

A sense of mystery the spirit daunted. 
And said as plain as whisper in the ear. 
The place is haunted." 

The Parcae, the weird sisters, the un- 
relenting fates have come and now are 
busy with their horrid work:— 

"Sororem fila trium patiunter atra." 

Although invisible we are aware of 
their presence, the painful concentration 
of the exalted sense rendering there 
movements audible, when, the pen of 
the scrivener ceasing, and the frigid ton- 
gue of the expiring mortal forever silent, 
we hear the clashing shears of Atropos 
sever the black worsted cord of sorrow, 
which frees the spirit, escaping from thf- 
desolation and unavailing grief it leaves 
beh'nd. cui^bie only by the antidotal medi- 
caments of resignation, of time, and of 
eternal hope. 

It is indeed a dark and gloomy hour, 
without one lucid ray, save when tho 
anticipated arrival of the heifer, led by 
the band of the ubiquitous Bagley, sheds 
a gleam of humor across the final scene. 

On opening this "Old Deed" and read- 
ing its contents, one caimot fail to real- 
ise, the comparative permanence and 
instability of inorganic matter and oj - 
ganic life. C(^niing down throiipb ei.ght 


generatioDs of my family, without espe- 
cial care, until within a few years, after 
the lapse of more than two hundred and 
thirty years, it is apparently in as good 
a state of preservation as when it was 
written, signed, conveyed and witnessed 
in 1675. But where are the hearts and 
liands of those twelve men, whose mem- 
ory is embaaned within the body of the 
Instrument ? Long since crumbled intc 
dust. Those hearts which then responded 
to the impulses of expectation and of 
hope, those brave hands, whose deft pre- 
hensile fingers with psycologic transmu- 
tation changed intuition into visible form 
and made it stay, for centuries, save in 

their progeny and fiiiislied work, have 
vanished from the scenes of life, utterly 
disappeared and "like (an) insubstan- 
tial pageant faded left not a rack be- 
hind" and were it not for this treasured 
manuscript, might be forgotten now. 

But though they are gone, one of their 
creations, this sheepskin with is written 
message, a legacy of long ago, rescued 
by their cunning art from disintegration 
and decay, still lives, as it were eter- 
nal, alike defying and escaping the ro- 
dent "tooth of time and razure of obli- 

E. S. S. 
Salem. N. jersey, December 3d, 1908.