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LIEUTENANT-GENERAL NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST. 



THE 

OLD GUARD IN GRAY 



Researches in the Annals 

OF THE 

Confederate Historical Association. 



SKETCHES OF MEMPHIS VETERANS WHO UPHELD HER 

STANDARD IN THE WAR, AND OF OTHER 

CONFEDERATE WORTHIES. 



ILLUSTRATED. 



BY 

J. HARVEY MATHES. 



U' 



..v; 



^t^ 









9936 



MEMPHIS. 
PRESS OF S. C. TOOF & CO. 

18U7 




TO MY COMRADES, 
THE LIVING AND THE DEAD, 

WHOSE NAMES ARE LINKED TOGETHER AS HEROES IN THE 

GREATEST STRUGGLE OF ALL THE AGES FOR HOME 

RULE AND CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS, AND 

TO THEIR CHILDREN AND 

DESCENDANTS, 

THIS VOLUME IS RESPECTFULLY AND 
AFFECTIONATELY INSCRIBED. 



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. 



Acknowledgments are due for frequent reference in the compilation and 
writing of this book to Dr. J. Berrien Lindsley's "Military Annals of Ten- 
nessee;" J. P. Young's "Seventh Tennessee Cavalry;" "Campaigns and Bat- 
tles of the Sixteenth Tennessee Infantry," by Colonel T. A. Head; "Han- 
cock's Diary;" " Keating's History of Memphis;" various volumes of Govern- 
ment " Records of the Rebellion ; " S. A. Cunningham's " Confederate Vete- 
ran " magazine of Nashville; and especially to the officers and members of 
the Confederate Historical Association of Memphis, and other comrades and 
friends who have furnished data and offered kindly words of encouragement 
from time to time as the work progressed. To the papers of Memphis and 
other cities the author is indebted for flattering notices in advance, and he 
hopes to not altogether disappoint their many readers. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 



Hon. C. ir. Frazer, President Confederate Historical Association of Meynphis : 

The undersigned committee, appointed at a meeting of the Confederate 
Historical Association to inspect the manuscript work of Captain J. Harvey 
Mathes and examine the sketches and brief memorials which he has drafted 
of the various members of the Association, living and dead, respectfully re- 
port that they find Captain Mathes has with extreme care and painstaking 
labor compiled brief sketches of many members, past and present, showing 
their military records and frequently embellished with incidents illustrative 
of the devotion and daring energy of the Confederate soldier. The little 
book is replete with historical facts, and will not only entertain the general 
reader, but will prove of infinite value to the descendants of those whose 
deeds are therein narrated, in enabling them to trace the military career 
of their ancestors through the battles and campaigns of the great war. We 
therefore heartily commend the book to all Confederates who feel a pride in 
the deeds of their comrades in arms in the mighty struggle. 

J. P. YOUNG, 

Chairman of Committee. 
Memphis, Tenn., January, 1897- 



LLUSTRATIONS. 



PAGE 

Arnold, Capt. T. H 29 

Barbiere, Col. Joseph 3" 

Barteau, Col. C. R oS 

Bedford, Maj. Hugh L :{9 

Bourne, Edward 43 

Brown, J. J 53 

Brown, Judge T. W 47 

Bullington, Dr. R. E .57 

Carnes, Capt. W. W 61 & 66 

Chalmers, Gen. James R 69 

Chilton, Thos. H 73 & 75 

Cooper, Judge L. P 243 

Dinkins, Capt. James SI 

Erskine, Dr. John H . 247 

Forrest, Lt.-Gen. X. B... Frontispiece 

Galloway, Judge J. S 103 

Garvin, Michael T 105 

Gordon, Gen. George W.. 107 

Greer, Col. Hugh D HI 

Gwynne, Col. A. D 117 

Harris, U. S. Senator Isham G... 121 

Heiskell, Col. C. W 123 

Hubbard, John .M 127 

Johnston, J. V 133 

Lake, Richard P 139 

Looney, Col. Robert F 257 

McDavitt, J. C 155 



P.\fiE 

Loudon, Capt. Jas. A 141 

Mallory, W. B 2()1 

Martin, Capt. Hugh B 2():') 

Mathes, Dr. Geo. A 267 

Mathes, J. Harvey 149 

Mathes, J. Harvey 151 

McHenry, Maj. E. 15 157 

Meriwether, Maj. Minor 2()5 

Moyston, John H 2()9 

Myers, Col. Henry C 167 

Xeely, Capt. H. M 169 

Parker, Wm. Garnett 175 

Pepper, S. A 177 

Pillow, Maj. -Gen. CJideon J 273 

Price, Bun F 277 

Sneed, Jno. L. T 2S1 

Snowden, Col. R. B 19.3 

Thompson, Hon. Jacob 201 

Thornton, Dr. G. B 20S 

Tobin, Capt. Thos. F 20.5 

Vance, R. H 211 

Vaughan, Gen. A. J 21l> 

Walt, Maj. Martin 217 

Williams, J. M 2S9 

Williamson, Maj. R. C 22.3 

Wilson, T. E 225 

Wood, Jacob M 291 



INDEX TO SKETCHES. 



PAOE 

Albright, C. H 25 

Allen, Aaron 27 

Allin, Phil. T 27 

Anderson, James IT 27 

Anderson, Kellar 27 

Anderson, Patton 28 

Anderson, W. L 28 

Arnold, T. H 29 

Ashford, James A 'A2 

Austin, J. A 28 

Avent, B. W 28 

Avery, W. T 32 

Bailey, L ::56 

Bailey, Thomas F oti 

Bain, John 36 

Balch, Robert Langdon 234 

Ballentine, John G 35 

Barbiere, Joseph 37 

Barbour, James G 37 

Barker, J. O 3() 

Barnes, Robert Weakley 234 

Barteau, Clark Russell 33 

Beard, Hon. W. D 23.4 

Beasley, James Edward 36 

Beasley, T.J 38 

Bedford, Hugh L 39 

Beecher, Edward A 55 

Bennett, J. C 38 

Bethel, \V. D 235 

Bicknell, B. J 38 

Black, A: J 38 

Black, R. J 38 

Block, W. F 41 

Bobbitt, P. A 46 

Boggs, Rev. Wm. E 41 

Boliner, Patrick McHenry 52 

Bond, Lee 45 

Bourne, Edward 43 

Bowles, Robert S 46 

Brenan, Fred R 42 



PAGE 

Brennen, John 46 

Brent, James 236 

Brewer, i\.. Clarke 236 

Brightwell, Thomas H 46 

Brown, C. W 46 

Brown, J. J 53 

Brown, Thomas \V 47 

Buchanan, J. \V 58 

Buford, Smith 59 

Bullington, R. E 57 

Bunch, George H (>0 

Burford, Rev. S 46 

Burrow, F.J 46 

Butler, A. R 60 

Cameron, William L 60 

Campbell, D. A 60 

Cannon, H. E 60 

Capers, R. S 237 

Carmichael, J 60 

Carnes, William W 61 

Carpenter, A. S 60 

Carroll, Charles Montgomery.... 292 

Carroll, W. H 238 

Carter, A. B 67 

Cary, Hunsdon 237 

Cash, Patrick Boggan 239 

Chalmers, James R 69 

Cheatham, Major John A 67 

Chilton, Thomas H 73 

Cleary, James 70 

Cluskey, M. W 78 

Cochran, J. W 240 

Cole, Edmund Anderson 71 

Coleman, Robert H.. 240 

Coleman, W. M 241 

Collier, Charles H 242 

Collier, C. M 78 

Collier, Dabney W 76 

Cooper, Lunsford Pitts 242 

Cousins, Peter R 244 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



11 



€ox, J. J 7\t 

Crawford, West J 244 

Crofford, John Alexander 245 

Crofiord, J. A 72 

Crump, James M (jS 

Culberson, J. H (iS 

Cummins, Holmes ()8 

Dashiell, George 82 

Davis, Isaac X 83 

Davis, W. C 245 

Dawson, John W 80 

DeSaussure, Charles A S3 

Dickinson, J. R 84 

Dickson, Barton 84 

Dinkins, James 81 

Donelson, R. S 84 

Douglass, C. A 84 

Douglass,!. E 84 

Drake, John B 24(i 

Droescher, A. R 85 

DuBose, J. J 85 

Duff, William 1 85 

Dunn, W. C 86 

Dupuy, John J 86 

Dwyer, John 87 

Edmondson, E. A 87 

Elam, E. E 87 

Elam, W. S 87 

Elcan, Archibald Liebig 88 

Eldridge, J. W 89 

Elliott, George B i)0 

Elliott, C. S 90 

Ellis, W. W 90 

English, Richard T 91 

Erman, L. W 92 

Erskine, Alexander.. 249 

Erskine, John Henry 246 

Erskine, Dr. John H 92 

Estes, L. H 92 

Farabee, Benj. F 92 

Farrer, Chas. Smith 92 

Farris, O. B 93 

Farrow, G. F 93 

Fazzi, J 93 

Fentress, Francis 93 

Pinlay, Luke W 93 

Fisher, J. B 96 

Fisher, John H 96 



I'AfJE 

Fizer, John C 250 

Flannagan, P 96 

Flannery, David 250 

Flippin, J. R 251 

Fontaine, Ogden 97 

Forrest, Nathan Bedford 251 

Forrest, W. M 98 

Frayser, Robert Dudley 98 

Frazer, C. W 101 

Frazer, J. W 100 

Frederick, E 101 

French, J. C 102 

Fuchs, Victor D 102 

Galloway, J. S 103 

Garrett, J. H 106 

Garvin, Michael T 105 

Gibson, F. L 106 

Gillooley, Frank 106 

Goldbaum, Morris 108 

Goodbar, James M 108 

Goodloe, J. L 252 

Goodman, Walter A 109 

Gordon, C. M lOS 

Gordon, George W 107 

Gotten, Nicholas 109 

Gray, J. E 109 

Gray, W. P 109 

Greenwald, Lee 110 

Greer, Hugh Duniap Ill 

Greer, James M 110 

Griffin, John C 116 

Groves, Robert Douglass 110 

Gwynne, A. D 116 

Hamblet, J. G 130 

Hamilton, Hugh A 252 

Hanauer, Louis 252 

Hancock, J. B 120 

Harrington, John N 120 

Harris, Isham G 121 

Harris, J. S 120 

Harrison, B. P 130 

Hart, B.Newton 120 

Hartmus, T. H 120 

Hays, A. J 252 

Hays, John B 120 

Heiskell, Carrick W 123 

Henderson, Benj. R 122 

Henkel, Christopher 122 



12 



INDEX TO SKETCHES 



Henning, S. L 

Herbert, B. F 

Hill, A. B 

Hill, J. L 

Hills, J. B 

Hix, J. M 

Holloway, J. L 

Holt, G. A. C 

Hubbard, John Milton 

Hughes, Barney 

Huhn, John I) 

Humes, W. V . C 

Hunt, W. R 

Huskey, W. H 

Introductory 

Ivey, A. J 

James, Frank L 

January, W. W 

Jarnagin, John Hampton 

Jett, Duncan Frierson 

Johnson, A. W 

Johnson, John 

Johnston, J. \' 

Jones, D. C 

Jones, A. D 

Jones, J. C 

Jones, Phil. B 

Jones, R. L 

Jones, Russell 

Jones, Joe 

Jordan, G. S 

Jordan, J. P 

Kearney, J. R 

Kellar, Andrew J 

Kelly, W. O 

Kelly, P. J 

Kelly, P. J 

Kendall, W. R 

Kennedy, A. E 

King, S. A 

King, W. C 

Kingsbury, William L 

Kinney, I. C 

Kirby, John A 

Knox, R. L 

Lake, Richard P 

Lake, Walter S , 

Landstreet, Edward 



^a(;e page 

122 Lavender, G. W 138- 

120 Lawhon, H.C 138 

125 Lee, Stacker 140 

122 Levy, Daniel Seessel 138 

130 Loudon, J. A 141 

253 Lewis, George W 143 

120 Lindstedt, W. H 143 

126 Linkhauer, John A 143 

127 Locke, Chas. G 144 

253 Logwood, Thomas H 145 

12S Long, Rev. Nicholas M 255 

128 Looney, Robert Pain 256 

129 Loudon, Milton B 258 

129 Loudon, Hopkins 259 

17 Lowry, Will J 146 

130 Mahoney, E 146- 

1.30 Mallory, W. B 260 

130 Malone, G. B 146 

130 Malone, W. B 146 

131 Manson, J. A 146 

131 Marcum, Wm. J 147 

131 Marion, Nathan 147 

133 Martin, E. J 152 

131 Martin, J. H 147 

132 Martin, John C 148 

1.32 Martin, Hugh Bradshaw 262' 

132 Mason, Frank 148 

132 Mathes, James Harvey 149 

132 Mathes, George Anderson 266 

134 Mauldin, W. D 152 

135 Maury, Richard B 259 

135 May, Lambert 152 

135 Mayo, Albert 152 

254 McCalla, J. G 152 

255 McCallum, John F 153 

135 McCarver, Arch 153 

135 McCIurg, P. M 153 

136 McCroskey, H. A 153 

136 McDavitt, J.C 154 

136 McFarland, L. B 154 

136 McGhee, W. T 154 

136 McGowan, E. L 154 

255 McGuire, Wm. Eugene 260 

136 McHenry, E. B 156- 

136 McKinney, John Fletcher 158 

139 McKnight, W. T 158 

, 137 McLean, Wm. L 158 

137 McNeal, A. T 159' 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



13 



I'AGE 

-Nferiwether, .Minor 2l>3 

Merrill, T. C. IBO 

Miller, Geo. W 160 

Miller, M. J IfiO 

Miller, Marshall Jeffrie KiO 

Mitchell, Ino. R Kil 

Mitchell, Robert Wood 1(12 

Mockbee, R. T 1(12 

Monroe, D. W Ki:', 

-Moore, M. J. M Ki:', 

Morgan, Robert Jarrell l(i."> 

Morrison, George E 1(54 

Mosby, C. W 164 

Moyston, John H 268 

Mullins, 4'homas B 16.3 

Munch, George P I(i5 

^lunson, S. A 16."i 

Murphy, J.J 166 

.Murrell D. A 166 

Myers, Henry C 167 

Myers, J 168 

Nabors, T. P 171 

Xanies without sketches 2:52 

Neale, Thomas R. 171 

Xeely, H. M 1(5<I 

Nelson, F. M 172 

Netherlands, J. J 172 

Newborn, Joseph L 172 

Norfleet, F. M 172 

Norris, J.W 172 

Nutzel, Conrad 172 

■O'Berst, C 174 

Omberg, James A 269 

Outten, William T 270 

Overton, John, Jr 270 

Pape, A. R 174 

Parker, W. G 17."> 

Parker, Minter 271 

Patterson, Hon. Josiah 271 

Pearson, R. \' 1 74 

Pepper, S. A 17(> 

Perkins. A. H. I) 174 

I'ersons, C. P 174 

Persons, Richard J 17"i 

Pettigrew, James L 17(5 

Phelan, James 17S 

Pickett, Edward 274 

Pillow, Gideon J 272 



Piper, O. H. P 27o 

Pitts, J. M 17S 

Podesta, Louis E 17!l 

Pollard, W. J isO 

Porter, Edward E 27S 

Porter, Dr. Josejih T 27!* 

Poston, I). H ISO 

Poston, James ISO 

Poston, Wm. K 181 

Powel, John .V ISl 

Prescott, J. A 1S2 

Price, Bernard l-"rancis 27(5 

Pullen, Benj. K 1S2 

Quintard, Charles Todd 182 

Radcliff, r. D 18:-5 

Rainey, I.N 18:^, 

Rambaut, G. A' 18.'-> 

Rawlings, R. J 1S4 

Reaves, Ben. T 184 

Renig, Chas 184 

Rhea, W. H 184 

Richardson, W. G IS.i 

Rittenhouse. Dan. G 184 

Robertson, W. M 185 

Robson, B. P 18.5 

Roden, George 18.5 

Rodgers, W. S 18(5 

Rogan, H. A 18<5 

Rosser, Isaac 186 

Rucker, Colonel E. W 18(5 

Rust, J. W 18(5 

Ryan, Charles Roscoe 18(5 

Sanford, G. W 187 

Scales, Dabney M 187 

Scott, Wm. L 187 

Searcy, Mark W 188 

Sebring, W. II 27!l 

Selden, M. 1 188 

Semmes, B.J 189 

Semmes, P. W 18!* 

Semmes, Raphael, Jr 18!* 

.Semmes, S. S 189 

Shaw, Thos. J. W 1S!» 

Shelby, J. M 190 

Shick, John 190 

Shippey, W. F 190 

Shoup, P'rancis .\ 190 

Shouse, W. W 191 



14 



INDEX TO SKETCHES 



PAGE 

Simmons, J. F 11)1 

Sims, W. R 191 

Smith, J. N 192 

Sneed, J- Wes 2S0 

Sneed, John L. T 280 

Snowden, Robert Bogardus 192 

Southerland, James 282 

Spicer, Jno. E 194 

SpiUman, R. B 194 

Spots wood, Edwin A 195 

Starke, E. T 195 

Steinkuhl, Chris. D l!Hi 

Stewart, C. M 19() 

Stiles, M 19(i 

Stovall, George A 283 

Stovall, W. H 28;i 

Stovall, James R 283 

Strange, J. P ]9C) 

Stratton, W. D 1<I7 

Sykes, Joseph P 197 

Talley, Richard H 198 

Talley, Wm. F 284 

Talley, Fletcher H 284 

Talley, Foster D 284 

Tatum, Henry A 1<)8 

Taylor, Thomas J IMS 

Taylor, W. F 198 

Taylor, Thos. C 199 

Taylor, J. R 199 

Thompson, J. H 200 

Thompson, Jacob 200 

Thompson, J. N 202 

Thornton, Gustavus Brown 202 

Tobin, Thomas Francis 205 

Trask, W. L 285 

Tucker, W. \V 204 

Tucker, John <) 207 

Tucker, W. 1) 207 

Tucker, Wm. \V 208 

Tucker, A. F 208 

Turley, Thomas B 208 

Tyler, F. A 209 

Vaccaro, A. B 209 

Vaccaro, B 209 

Vance, R. H 210 

Vaughan, A. t 212 



PAGE 

Venn, Frank H 210 

Wagner, A. E 215 

Waldran, C. M 28(> 

Walt, Martin 216 

Ward, B. E 216 

\Vatkins, T. R 218 

Watson, J. H 21(> 

Waynesburg, John W 218 

Wear, B. H 218 

Webb, John L 219 

Webber, Albert 218 

Wheat, Rev. J. T 219 

Wheatley, William Arthur 287 

White, Moses 219 

W'hite, R. T 220 

Wniite, J. H 220 

Whitmore, E 220 

Wiggs, W. B 221 

Wilkerson, W. D 225 

Wilkins, W. G 287 

Wilkins, Chas. W 288 

Williams, L. G 221 

Williams, Claude 222 

Williams, Jas. M 288 

Williamson, R. C 222 

Willins, John T 224 

Wilroy, C. W 225 

Wilson, T. E 224 

W'inchester, Geo. W 226 

Winfree, bamuel 226 

Winston, W. B 226 

Withers, R. () 226 

Wolf, Fred 227 

Wood, John W 227 

Wood, Jacob Mabie 290 

Woodson, H. M 227 

Wooldridge, Oscar 228 

Wooldridge, Egbert 229 

Wright, Jesse C. 229 

Wright, J. R 230 

Wright, Luke E 230 

Wright, Marcus J 230 

Wynne, J. W 231 

Young, A. A 231 

Young, J. P 231 



Confederates Incidentally Mentioned. 



Adams, Gen. Wirt '.V2 

Alsup, O. M 170 

Anderson, Gen. Richard H I'.Vo 

Armstrong, Gen. F. C 1)8 

Bankhead, Gen. Smith P IS? 

Barton, Capt. Wni oO 

Bate, Maj.-Gen. W. B 226 

Beauregard, Gen. G. T 12(5 

Bettis, Capt. A. C S-t 

Blakemore, Capt. W. T 193 

Breckenridge, Gen. John C 9S 

Cabell, Gen. W. L 158 

Campbell, Gen. Alexander 220 

Cannon, Capt. Wynn 229 

Carroll, Gen.W. H.:!(j,98,149,205,219 

Carter, Capt. Geo. W 108 

Carter, Gen. John C li:',, 170 

Castleman, John B 280 

Chalmers, Col. Alex .57 

Cheatham, Gen. B. F 89,2:50 

Clayton, Gen. II. D 202 

Cleburne, Gen. Pat 24(> 

Crittenden, Maj.-Gen. Geo. B.... ]50 

Donelson, Gen. Daniel S (12 

Doyle, W. J. P 7C. 

Dupre, Col. L.J 1.51 

Edmondson, James H 76, 288 

Falconer, Col. Kinloch 119 

Gailor, Maj. Frank 216, 275 

Gantt, Col. E. \V 158 

George, Gen. J. Z 161 

Gillespie, Capt. Bart 142 

Greene, Gen. Colton 24S 

Hall, Surgeon Joel C 151 

Hardee, Lt.-Gen. \V. H. 4S 

Head, John W :!4 

Helm, Col. Ben Hardin 260 

Hill, Col. Ben 173 

Hines, Capt. T. H 280 

Hodge, John 2S6 



VAdK 

Hood, Gen. J. B 5(i, 247 

Hunt, Capt. C. W "k; 

Jackson, John K i;;4 

Jackson, Gen. Stonewall 268 

Jackson, Gen. W.H. 41, 62, 132,153,191 

Jarnagin, R. A 124 

Johnston, Gen. A. S... 89,121, 125,274 

Johnston, Gen. Bushrod R...150, 270 

Johnston, Gen. J. E....74, 92, 95, 131 

l(i(i, 179, 183, 236 

Lee, Capt. James A 277 

Lee, Gen. Fitzhugh 137 

Locke, Bowdoin, Wm. and Jos.. 145 

Lyles, Gen. O. P 79 

Maffitt, John N 1S7 

Mallory, Secretary of War Kil 

Marmaduke, Gen. |. S i;;i, 2(i(> 

Martin, Maj.-Gen. W. T 79 

Maury, Com. M. F 242, 25»l 

Maxey, Maj.-Gen. S. B 224 

McCown, Gen. Jno. B 202, 275 

McCulloch, Gen. Henry E 225 

Moode, Henry 3S 

Moore, Capt. Virgil V 140 

Morgan, Gen. John H 45, 97, 2.")6 

Morgan, Col. Bright 94 

Morgan, Capt. J. B l:!4 

Morton, Capt. J.W ()2 

Munford, Col. E. W 40 

Murray, Col. John P 108 

Myers, Col. G. B. and Brothers... 1()7 

Neely, Col. R. C 114 

O'Xeal, Col. John c; 17:'. 

Orne, Capt. W. P l.U 

Pattison, Capt. Thos. F 282 

Peters, Major Tom 143 

Pittman, Capt. R. W 288 

Polk, Gen. Leonidas 48, 5(), 129 

Polk, Wm. Mecklenburg 155 

Pryor, Gen. Roger A 179 



16 



CONFEDERATES INCIDENTALLY MENTIONED. 



PAGE 

Rice, Capt. Harry 173 

Rice, Capt. J. W 131 

Robertson, Felix W 20 

Russell, Col. A. A 147 

Sanders, Capt. Ned 2S7 

Semmes, Admiral Raphael ISO 

Smith, Col. (Gen.) J. A 135 

Smith, Gen. Tom Benton 99 

Smith, Gen. E. Kirby 96, 102, 279 

Stewart, Gen. A. P 89 

Strahl, Gen. O. F 124 



PAGE 

Stuart, Gen. J. E. B 137 

Tyler, Gen. R. C 144 

Van Dorn, Gen. Earl... 32,142,158,206 

Walker, Gen. F. M 124 

Walthall, Maj.-Gen. E.G. ..59,171, 174 

Wheeler, Gen. Joseph 240 

White, Capt. T. W 133 

Wood, Gen. S. A. M 216 

Wright, E. E .53, 54, 89 

Zollicoffer, Gen. Felix K 99 



CONDITIONS FOR MEMBERSHIP IN C. H. A. 



The reorganization in May, 1884, referred to elsewhere, provided by by- 
law, that the petition for membership must give the company, regiment and 
brigade of the applicant; when enlisted or commissioned; when and where 
paroled or discharged ; and that he should be recommended by a veteran ; 
and that the petition should be presented only at a regular meeting; should 
be referred to the committee on credentials and lie over for one month ; the 
qualification for membership being that applicant shall have actively served 
in the Confederate army, and that his record was blameless. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



rnHE original idea of this work was to get up a complete 
I and reliable list of all the members of the Confederate 
Historical Association of Memphis under present and former 
charters, and give a brief history of the society. But research 
into old books and papers, interviews and correspondence with 
comrades and press notices, brought out an unexpected amount 
and variety of valuable historic material, enough indeed, with 
the reminiscences of men whose lives were a part of the late 
war, to fill many volumes. The oral testimony of such men 
cannot much longer be available ; some of it, in connection with 
their records and gleanings from various other sources, has 
been put together in the pages to follow. Thus condensed 
to encyclopoedic form and arrangement, it may suggest to 
others more and better work in the same lines. 

It will at least group the names and deeds of many repre- 
sentative ex-Confederates, regardless of rank, who exempli- 
fied the highest and best qualities of soldiers and citizens, and 
were willing to die for their principles, their honest beliefs, 
and the sanctity of ancestral homes. Such men in defeat or 
victory, living or dead, need no defense or glowing eulogy. 
It is sufiicient that we preserve the actual facts of their lives, 
and as to the cause in which they fought to transmit as a 
heritage to posterity ; and it is a proud satisfaction to know 
that so many men and women, and even children, were faith- 
ful even unto death, in times of greatest trials and perils that 
can come to human hearts, and thus were an honor to their 
race and generation. 

Many of the survivors of the civil war are still in the prime 

of life, and look back with wonder and thankfulness at the 

mercy of Providence, which preserved them in the midst of 

so many and great dangers ; and having done their part well 

2 17 



18 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

in war and in peace from a strict sense of duty, they are con- 
tent with the results, and have no fear or doubt as to the 
ultimate verdict of the world. 

The Southern people have been too busy since the surrender 
of the Confederate armies to devote much time to the writing, 
reading or preservation of their own history. They have been 
occupied in hard struggles to retrieve untoward fate; in build- 
ing up homes, schools, churches, factories, reclaiming farms, 
and planting vineyards, and have made a showing which 
again excites the surprise if not envy of other sections and 
the admiration of thinking people everywhere. A few persons 
at least among us have held that we should write and pre- 
serve our own history, and not leave it to tradition as so 
many of our forefathers did after the Revolutionary war, or 
to outsiders who have a motive for perverting the facts. We 
were an agricultural people before the war, with but few 
great colleges or publishing houses, and permitted others to 
supply most of our school books, histories and literature. 
After the war school books again came into the hands of our 
children that were written in a sectional, partisan, misleading 
spirit. That some improvement has been made is admitted ; 
more is expected and demanded in the interest of truth and j us- 
tice ; simply that and nothing else. The humiliation of defeat 
passed away with the Southern people long ago, and they are 
as cheerful, industrious, loyal citizens as can be found in any 
part of the country, but they none the less respect the deeds 
and sacrifices of the men who wore the gray, whose names 
will be honored as long as American valor and true manhood 
endure. In their minds and hearts the bird's nest has been 
built in the cannon's mouth, and the bloody chasm of history 
is now a smiling landscape of teeming industries, waving 
grain, fairest fruits and fragrant flowers. They vie with their 
Northern brethren in loyalty to all that is meant, or that can 
properly cluster in memory, around the stars and stripes ; at 
the same time they owe it to themselves and the generations 
to come to honor the names of their fallen heroes and to 
preserve a record of the deeds of those who fought under 
the stars and bars. For these men were as true to their sense 



CONFEDERATE HISTOIilCAL ASSOCIATION. 19 

•of right as were Washington and Warren and Mad Anthony 
Wayne, as Marion and Sevier, as the Campbells, the Lees 
and Greens, the Shelbys and Robertsons and their compat- 
riots, who also were classed as rebels against their govern- 
ment. The Southern States withdrew from the Union one 
by one, in the hope of escaping from aggressions and policies 
which violated the spirit of the Federal compact and trampled 
the constitution and all its traditions under foot. They fought 
for home rule and constitutional liberty and went down in 
the unequal struggle. But " time makes all things even " at 
last. They have been restored to their position in the Union 
with all disturbing causes removed, have rebuilt their waste 
places, and have set marvellous examples of thrift, patience 
and recuperative capacity. The bitter chalice has passed with 
its dregs, and been replaced by the wassail bowl of good 
fellowship, around which the veterans of both sides may 
meet to tell many a long-drawn-out story of weary march, of 
camp life, of surprise, ambush and shock of battle. 

It is not possible in the limits of this book to give more 
than an outline of the military life of any one man. Where 
mention is made of the civil life of anyone before or after the 
war, it is merely put in as a record for posterity and to show 
what kind of men went out to fight the battles of the South 
as against the North. 

In a few instances no data was found in the books of the 
Association, as some of these have been lost or mislaid. The 
sketches are meager enough, but are semi-official and deemed 
entirely reliable. Great pains have been taken to obtain 
actual facts. If any preference is shown, it is in favor of 
the privates and non-commissioned officers, as nearly all 
the generals and colonels have long since been given conspic- 
uous places in current and permanent histories. 

Just when the Confederate Historical Association of Mem- 
phis originated is a matter of doubt, owing to the loss of early 
minutes; some meetings of returned Confederates for social 
and relief purposes were held as early as 1866, a later book 
showing that B. J. Semmes joined in that year. The records in 
■existence begin in 1869 and come on down to the present. 



30 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

being kept in a strict business manner. The first charter 
was obtained from the Legishiture under an act passed Feb- 
ruary 17, 1870, found on page 393, Acts of 1869-70. The 
incorporators named were W. D. Pickett, W. B. Wiggs, R. 
W. Mitchell and John H. Erskine, and their associates and 
successors, with succession for thirty-three years. The name 
then was the Confederate Relief and Historical Association 
of Memphis. The old association back of that had been reor- 
ganized July 15, 1869, as the minutes show, with Isham G. 
Harris as President and a membership of 225 ; the member- 
ship now is 245. Gov. Harris served two years, and J. Harvey 
Mathes was Secretary for one or more years, and Felix W.. 
Robertson was Treasurer. Mathes was succeeded in 1871 by 
Major Minor Meriwether, who also became Treasurer. At 
the end of the second term of President Harris in 1871, he 
was succeeded by General John C. Fizer. It was about this 
time that Jefi:erson Davis became a citizen of Memphis and 
a member of the Association. He attended meetings regu- 
larly and was frequently called to the chair, in which he pre- 
sided with that ease, grace and dignity so characteristic of 
the man in higher places and under all circumstances. He^ 
was in the home of his friends and took a lively interest in 
their proceedings. Memphis was then a rendezvous for ex- 
Confederates second only to New Orleans. The following 
distinguished leaders, all or nearly all, belonged to the Asso-^ 
ciation and attended the meetings : 

President Jefiferson Davis, 
Admiral Raphael Semmes, 
Lieutenant-General Richard S. Ewell, 
Lieutenant-General ]^. B. Forrest, 
Major-General Gideon J. Pillow, 
Major-General W. Y. C. Humes, 
Major-General Patton Anderson, 
Brigadier-General Francis A. Shoup, 
Brigadier-General A. J. Vaughan, 
Brigadier-General Colton Greene, 
Brigadier-General E. W. Rucker, 
Brigadier-General J. W. Frazer, 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 21 

Brigadier-Generul George W. Gordon, 

Brigadier-General W. M. Brown, 

Brigadier- General James R. Chalmers, 

Brigadier-General Marcus J. Wright, 

Brigadier-General J. 0. Fizer, commanding brigade. 

Colonel C. R. Barteau, commanding brigade, 

General Thomas Jordan, 

Hon. Jacob Thompson, 

Isham G. Harris, the war Governor. 
This is believed to be the oldest association of the kind in 
the South. For some years it maintained a relief fund, but 
this was finally discontinued. A general meeting was held 
at the Cotton Exchange, May 23, 1884, when it was deter- 
mined to effect a reorganization. C. W. Frazer was chosen 
President and J. Harvey Mathes, Vice-President. Major 
Frazer has continued as President ever since. Mathes was 
succeeded the next year by R. B. Spillman, who has since 
tilled the position. An application was made for a new char- 
ter, omitting the word "' relief" from the title. It was signed 
by the following members, duly granted and recorded : 
C. W. Frazer, A. J. McLendon, W. F. Taylor, 

John F. McCallum, R. J. Black, J. C. McDavitt, 

J. P. Young, R. B. Spillman, W. A. Collier, 

M. J. Miller, J. Harvey Mathes, Charles G. Locke, 

James E. Beasley, W. F. Shippey, G. V. Rambaut, 

Daniel S. Levy, John T. Willins, A. J. Murray, 

Jno. W. Waynesburg. 
A few years ago this Association, without losing its iden- 
tity, became Camp No. .28, Bivouac No. 18, United Confed- 
erate Veterans of Tennessee, and it is therefore part of the 
general organization of which General John B. Gordon is 
Commander-in-Chief. An excellent hall for an armory and 
the collection of war relics was secured in 1898, and is used 
jointl}' by the Association and its auxiliary, the Ladies' Con- 
federate Memorial Association, and is an attractive gathering 
place for Confederates and their friends. 

Whilst only scant measure is given the services of many 
gallant Confederates named, they represent a class and must 



32 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

stand as types of the greater number not mentioned. It will 
be noticed that some who made the very best soldiers were 
born north of the Ohio river, and some were from other lands,, 
thus showing that human sympathies and courageous qualities 
are not exclusive privileges for any particular people. It 
may be mentioned without partiality or invidious intent that 
the Hebrews, who claim no country as their own, though 
usually good citizens wherever found, had many valiant sol- 
diers in the Southern armies, as well as a representative in 
the cabinet of the Confederacy. Several of them are active 
and honored members of this Association. One of the old- 
est members is Comrade David Flannery, the veteran tele- 
grapher, born in Limerick, Ireland, February 16, 1828, who' 
rendered such valuable services during the war in his peculiar 
line. Another of the oldest is Comrade Daniel S, Levy, the 
artillerist, born in Prussia in the year 1826, a live, working 
member of Company A, Confederate Veterans, and was able 
to carry a gun and march in line many miles at Chattanooga, 
last year and at Richmond this year (1896), when younger men 
fell by the wayside. There are several others, however, who- 
are full seventy years old. The present organization really 
dates back only to 1884, but it is practically a continuation 
of the parent society, and it may be accepted as a fact that 
few or none ever become members without proper indorse- 
ment. The strictest scrutiny has always been exercised with 
regard to applicants, as a matter of proper precaution. This,, 
however, would hardly seem necessary, as no one unworthy 
of fellowship would be likely to seek it. It will not be many 
years before the old soldiers will pass away to their eternal 
rest; others may come after to take up the threads of rem- 
iniscence and history as well as romance and poetry, and 
weave them into volumes of wider scope, to occupy space in 
the libraries of the future, and the descendants of Southern 
men and women will doubtless read in no narrow spirit the- 
annals of their whole country's struggles with patriotic pride- 
and satisfaction. 

In a few years the ex-Confederates, still so active and poten- 
tial in all the afiairs of life, will sleep peacefully beneath the 



CONFEDERATE lIiyTOKICAL ASSOCIATION. 23 

sod, and no more be seen than their banner which was furled 
forever. Many names are yet on the rolls of the livino;', but 
the linal Appomattox must come to each man, and not far 
over in the next century. A younger generation is succeed- 
ing us if it has not done so already. "We hope to transmit a 
respect for law and order and love of country to stronger 
arms and buoyant, noble hearts. May the sunset of every 
comrade leave a halo of soft, mellow light and memories of 
well-spent lives, worthy to be cherished and emulated in other 
days, is the sincere wish of 

THE AUTHOR. 

29 Cynthia Place, 
Memphis, Tenn., December 12, 1896. 



SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL 
ASSOCIATION. 

ALBRIGHT, CALVIN H., was born October 9, 1846, in 
Old Orange county, N. C. His ancestors were of Scotch- 
Irish Revolutionary stock on one side, coming from the Me- 
banes, Andersons and Bryans of North Carolina, while on the 
other he came from sturdy Dutch Protestants who settled in 
Pennsylvania over two centuries ago. He quit school No- 
vember 4, 1861, and enlisted in Company H, Fifth North Car- 
olina Volunteers, afterward Fifteenth North Carolina Regu- 
lars; served under Captain J. R. Stockard, Colonel McKinney, 
Brigadier-General Howell Cobb of Georgia, and Major-Gen- 
■eral Magruder ; was in the battle of Lee Mills, near York- 
town Peninsula, of Virginia, April 16, 1862, where the regi- 
ment lost heavily and Colonel McKinney was killed. In this 
light young Albright picked out and fired at a man, who was 
found dead at the spot where he had stood. Saw much hard 
service; was in the retreat from Yorktown to Richmond, and 
remembers vividly the encouragement given tired soldiers by 
General J. E. Johnston in the Chickahominy bottoms; at end 
of three days, marching and starving, he was broken down, 
and went to a hospital until after Malvern Hill. August 12, 
1862, was discharged from the army on account of his age; 
-attended school at Davidson College, North Carolina; re-en- 
tered the service in February, 1864, as clerk under Captain 
O. R. King at Graham, N. C; remained until October 1, 1864; 
then enlisted in Company H, First North Carolina Cavalry, 
Oaptain George Dewy, Colonel W. H. Cheek, Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Rufus Barrington, Major-General W. H. F. Lee, Hamp- 
ton's Corps Army of North Virginia; was in several severe 



26 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

fights while in this command ; was at Wilson's Farm on Boyd- 
ton plankroad, October 27, which was a hot fight, lasting^ 
several hours. General Hampton losing a son, Preston Hamp- 
ton, killed in this fight; that night he was one of three men 
sent out on perilous service; next day he was highly compli- 
mented by Captain Dewy, who said, " Albright is too good a. 
soldier to hold horses when there is fighting to be done." He 
was in several more engagements ; his last fight was at Five 
Forks, near Dinwiddle Courthouse, March 31, 1865 ; his reg- 
iment went into the fight that morning one hundred and 
forty-seven strong, and lost, killed, wounded and captured^ 
eighty-seven men and officers, the Confederates driving Sher- 
idan's command back for nearly two miles. This was young 
Albright's last and hardest battle ; after this fight he was 
ordered to take charge of horses belonging to men killed^ 
wounded and captured, and he was not in any of the last 
fights of the few days left to General Lee before Appomattox;, 
he did not surrender with General Lee's army, but escaped 
across the river with other soldiers, and was paroled at Greens- 
boro, N. C. He brought his cavalry sword home with him^ 
has it yet, and will leave it to his children to remind them of 
their father's soldier days. 

Mr. Albright left North Carolina January, 1866, with let- 
ters to Judge Archibald Wright and other prominent people. 
After various business experiments more or less successful, he 
engaged in the express business in 1871, first running as mes- 
senger between New Orleans and Humboldt, and in 1885 was 
made agent at Memphis, where he has lived since. He has 
shared in some degree the prosperity of the company he serves. 
He is interested in various afi:airs ; is president of a minings 
company, is a director in a building and loan association, com- 
missioner to the Tennessee Centennial, and a member of the 
Shelby County Commission; is also a worker in the church,, 
being an elder in the Alabama Street Presbyterian Church, 
and is superintendent of a Sunday-school. He has been mar- 
ried twice ; his first wife was Miss Ella Hastings Moore of 
Vicksburg, Miss., the daughter of Mr. Henry Moore, super- 
intendent of public education for so many years. His second 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOKICAL AWtSOC'lATlON. 27 

wife was Miss Ellen Owen Stedman, the oldest daucrhter of 
Rev. James 0. Stedman, d.d., of Memphis, Tenn. He had no 
children by his first wife; he has by his second wife three 
boys and one girl. He became a member of the Association 
in the spring of 1896. 

ALLEN, AARON, enlisted early in the war and served in 
the Trans-Mississippi. Came to Memphis, became a member 
of this Association soon after it was organized, and lived in 
Memphis many years; was connected with railroads and 
other business, and is now a resident of Little Rock, Ark. 

ALLIN, PHIL. T., Major in Forrest's old regiment; en- 
tered service early in 1861, and remained until the end. Pro- 
posed for membership by James E. Beasley, and elected Feb- 
ruary 3, 1870 ; died many years ago ; is mentioned frequently 
on other pages of this work. 

ANDERSON, JAMES H., enlisted May, 1861 ; was Major 
of the Nineteenth Mississippi Regiment Army North "Vir- 
ginia ; served as Quartermaster Fifth Brigade, General For- 
ney commanding, also on the staff' of General Wheeler as 
Acting Quartermaster ; was captured while on leave of ab- 
sence and imprisoned at Helena, Ark; paroled without the 
right of exchange, but through the influence of friends in 
Memphis this was secured ; finally paroled June, 1865. Joined 
this Association June 13, 1894. 

ANDERSON, KELLAR, Captain Company I, Fifth Ken- 
tucky Infantry, Hanson's Brigade; enlisted April, 1861, and 
served in the Army of Virginia; was discharged with First 
Kentucky Infantry at the expiration of enlistment at Camp 
Winder, near Richmond; re-enlisted June, 1862, and was^ 
transferred from the Ninth Kentucky to the Fifth Kentucky 
Infantry, Hanson's Brigade; was wounded at Chickamauga ;^ 
captured at Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864; exchanged 
September 22, 1864; was sent to Kentucky April, 1865, to 
recruit for the Kentucky Brigade; surrendered and was par- 
oled at New Castle, Ky., May 21, 1865. Afterward married 



28 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

in Helena, Ark., and has since lived in Memphis, and been 
prominent in connection with local military and State affairs, 
and commanded the State forces during; the Coal Creek riots 
and troubles with a coolness and eftieiency that gave him 
great distinction. He now holds (1896) a revenue appoint- 
ment under President Cleveland, with headquarters in Mem- 
phis, but his duties extend over a wide field. 

ANDERSON, PATTON, rank Major-General, entered the 
Confederate Army, from Florida, May 3, 1865; commanded 
Anderson Division Army of Tennessee; entered the service 
March 26, 1861, and was paroled May 3, 1865; was in the life 
insurance business in Memphis several years after the war, 
and died here. Was admitted to this Association upon his 
own application on the 1st of July, 1869. 

ANDERSON, W. L., was First Sergeant of Company A, 
First Virginia Cavalry, Stuart's Regiment during the first 
year of the war; transferred to Compan}^ D, Southern Virginia 
Infantry, Hilton's Brigade, Pickett's Division, in June, 1863; 
commissioned in Confederate States Navy in autumn of 1863, 
and served in James River Squadron until the evacuation of 
Richmond; fell back with naval brigade and surrendered 
with it at Greensboro, N. C, April 26, 1865. Admitted to 
this Association November 4, 1869. 

AUSTIN, J. A., Adjutant Thirty-First Tennessee Regi- 
ment, enlisted April, 1861 ; was appointed Adjutant by Gen- 
eral Strahl ; was wounded at Jonesboro, Ga. ; served two 
years as Sergeant-Major ; was ordered on detached service by 
General Hood after the battle of Franklin ; paroled May, 
1865; has since been an active and successful merchant of 
Memphis. Joined this Association October 9, 1894. 

AVENT, B. AV., Surgeon in General Rucker's command; 
entered the service May 7, 1861, and retired May 7,1865; 
practiced his profession in Memphis after the war. Proposed 
for membership in this association by Dr. R. W. Mitchell and 
elected July 1, 1869. Has been dead for several years. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



29 




CAPT. T. H. ARNOLD. 



ARNOLD, Captain T. H., was born in Brunswick county, 
Va., and reared in Mecklenburg, the adjoining county. In 
his early youth he took up his residence in Somerville, Tenn., 
a few years before the war. He joined Captain Wm. Bur- 
ton's company, the Fayette Greys; was elected Second Lieu- 
tenant of this company; went into camp at Jackson, Tenn., 
where they were assigned to the Thirteenth Tennessee Regi- 
ment. Lieutenant Arnold, then in command of this company, 
drew the position of Company A in the regiment. From 
Jackson, Tenn., this company was ordered to Randolph, Tenn., 
then to New Madrid, Mo., and thence to Columbus, Ivy. His 
company was engaged in the battle of Belmont, and by his 
side fell the gallant Matthew Ray; a braver soldier never 
drew a sword or gave a command. The company lost several 
killed and a number were wounded. Lieutenant Arnold him- 



30 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

self was wounded, but he remained on the field until 2 o'clock 
in the night, removing the dead and wounded of his company 
to his camp on the east side of the Mississippi river. 

Captain Wm, Burton resigned soon after the battle of Bel- 
mont, and Lieutenant Arnold was unanimously elected Cap- 
tain. His company was engaged in the battle of Shiloh. 
Several of his compan}^ were killed and a number wounded. 
It was in this battle he lost his first lieutenant, the gallant 
Hamilton Whitmore, a scholar and a soldier. The army fell 
back to Corinth, Miss. About this time the Congress of the 
Confederate States of America passed the conscript law, 
wherein it was provided that all officers of the army were 
permitted to join any branch of the service they chose. 
Captain Arnold was granted leave of absence, on a sick fur- 
lough, and returned to Somerville, Tenn. After his furlough 
expired he was again offered his former command, but de- 
clined, preferring the cavalry branch of the service, and in 
company with Colonel Columbus Wilbourn of LaFayette, 
Miss., organized two companies of cavalry. By order of 
Colonel Hughes of Port Gibson, Miss., A. C. McKissick of 
Oxford, Miss., was elected Captain of one of these companies 
and T. H. Arnold First Lieutenant. This battalion of cav- 
alry, under command now of Colonel Wilbourn, was ordered 
by General Pendleton to report at Port Hudson, La., to Colo- 
nel Logan, then in command of the cavalry of that depart- 
ment. 

When General Banks besieged Port Hudson the cavalry 
operated in the rear of General Banks' army. Colonel Powers, 
in command of one of the regiments under Colonel Logan, 
conceived the idea to burn and destroy the camp and stores 
of General Banks on the Mississippi river. With one hun- 
dred picked men, traveling all night, they reached the banks 
of the Mississippi before day. Colonel Powers, Lieutenant 
Arnold and Lieutenant Buck of Port Gibson dismounting, 
approached on foot within sight of the enemy's pickets with 
twenty detailed men. Lieutenant Arnold was charged to 
capture their pickets without firing a gun, which command 
was carried out accordingly, and the pickets were captured. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 31 

The conuiiand then ch)sed up, and Lieutenant Arnokl was 
ordered by Colonel Powers to make a charge on the encamp- 
ment and burn and destroy their stores and equipment. This 
order was promptly executed. It was a desperate but a suc- 
cessful effort, with the loss of but one officer, a lieutenant. 

None but those who have traveled in the lowlands of Lou- 
isiana at about twilight, when the surrounding scenery was 
hiding from view the sun's departing rays, to faintly spot the 
hills and die away behind the king of the forest, can fully 
appreciate the somber, weird feeling that steals unconsciously 
over one as the sighing zephyrs creep through the long, wav- 
ing moss that hangs from every tree, and seems to moan a 
requiem of departed joys of other days spent with home and 
friends, and the hoot of the owl tells of the approaching night. 

It was in this land that Captain Arnold, on a night like 
this, was on the outpost picket duty. At the solemn hour of 
midnight the Sergeant woke the Captain up, for the last 
grand round to the vidette picket. The horses being saddled 
they were off to duty. Passing the first and second picket it 
was but a short while when the word Halt, who conies there? 
rang out on the stillness of the night. It was the vidette 
picket guard. Dismount; advance and give the countersign. 
This being done with bated breath they discussed the situa- 
tion of the outer post, it being pretty close to General Banks' 
picket, as it was proved the next morning the picket was shot 
while on duty. He now sleeps in the land of the palms, and 
beneath the long, waving moss. 

It was on this memorable night that Captain Arnold says 
he witnessed one of the grandest sights his eyes ever beheld. 
It was the bombardment of Port Hudson by General Farra- 
gut's fleet — hundreds of guns on each side — all sounds gave 
place to booming cannon; the shells like flaming serpents 
•chased each other in such rapid succession that the elements 
became one blaze of fire. The shells seemed to meet some- 
times in midair with their long fiery tails, and with the deadly 
hiss of reptiles to grapple as it were for the mastery. Finally 
a shell from our guns struck the magazine boat of the enemy, 
and such a terrific explosion he has never heard before or 



32 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



since. The heavens were lighted up for miles around, and 
after a little all was quiet. They folded their tents like the 
Arab and silently stole away. 

Subsequently his command was in several engagements 
with Grierson's cavalry, and demoralized them to such an 
extent that they were obliged to keep close to their infantry. 
His company was engaged at Oxford, Miss., and falling back 
in front of Grant's army encamped at Grenada. 

Lieutenant Arnold was with General Van Dorn in his fam- 
ous raid on Holly Springs, Miss. His company was among 
the first to enter the place. It was here that Lieutenant Ar- 
nold captured a Federal cavalryman, depriving him of his 
saber, which trophy he still has. He was also with General 
Forrest on his raid to Johnsonville, Teun., subsequently was 
ordered to report to General Wirt Adams, and was assigned 
to duty as Provost Marshal of his brigade. Afterward Gen- 
eral Adams was appointed to the command of a division of 
the army, and General Mabry succeeded him. Lieutenant 
Arnold acted in the capacity of a Provost Marshal until the 
close of the war. Was in several engagements under Gen- 
eral Forrest, and surrendered at Gainesville, Ala., on May 
10, 1865. Since the war he has lived in Memphis, and been 
almost continuously connected with one leading house, in 
which he still holds a desirable and pleasant position. He 
became a member of this Association September 9, 1869, 
under the presidency of ex-Governor Isham G. Harris. 

ASHFORD, JAMES A., Captain Company B, Second Con- 
federate Tennessee Regiment; discharged before the close of 
the war on account of ill-health upon certificate by Surgeon 
Ilolcomb. 

AVERY, W. T., originally Lieutenant-Colonel First Regi- 
ment Alabama, Tennessee and Mississippi Infantry ; after- 
ward Superintendent of Postoifice Department in Trans - 
Mississippi Department. Proposed for membership by Isham 
G. Harris and R. Dudley Frayser, and elected March 20, 1870 ; 
was afterward Clerk of the Criminal Court, but has been 
dead many years. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



83 



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Ski. 

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4 


""'Nb^^S^^I 



COL. C. R. BARTEAU, 

In 18(>4. 



BARTEAU, CLARK RUSSELL, was born April 7, 1835, 
in Cuyahoga county, near Cleveland, Ohio. His mother died 
in 1846, and his father, Russell W., in 1858, leaving four chil- 
dren — two sous and two daughters. C. R. Barteau remained 
on his father's farm until he was about sixteen years old, then 
entered the Wesleyan L^niversity at Delaware, Ohio, where he 
remained four years, then came South with some fellow stu- 
dents from Kentucky to learn something of Southern society 
and of slavery as it really existed. He became principal of 
the Male Academy at Hartsville, Tenn., in 1856, and continued 
as such for two years. In 1858 he began to edit and publish 
the Hartsville Plaindealer, ultra-Democratic and States-rights 
paper. He threw himself heart and soul on the side of the 
South, and denounced the anti - slavery crusade as the out- 
3 



34 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

growth of jealousy, falsehood and fanaticism. On the 20th 
of January, 1859, lie was married to Miss Mary Cosby of 
Smith county, established a home, and continued both to 
teach and edit his paper until the outbreak of the war. In 
the meantime he had been studying law under Jno. W. Head, 
Esq., an eminent member of the bar. Having cast his lot 
with the people of the South, at a fearful cost of early friend- 
ship and family ties, he promptly espoused the cause of the 
young Confederacy, and risked his life and his all in its behalf. 
He arranged his affairs at home as best he could, and enlisted 
as a private in Compan}^ D, Seventh Battalion Tennessee Cav- 
alry, on the 17th day of October, 1861, and became a favorite 
at once with all the men. In a few weeks he was transferred 
to Company F, same battalion ; this and the First Battalion 
w^ere consolidated near Fulton, Miss., June 12, 1862, and pri- 
vate Barteau was elected Lieutenant - Colonel, and placed in 
command of the Second Tennessee Cavalry. 

A pathetic incident is related in Hancock's Diary of Colo- 
nel Barteau's last interview with his wife. It was after the 
fall of Fort Donelson ; he rode home, and on the 17th of 
February, 1862, spent one hour with his dear wife and infant 
child. The army was falling back ; he could remain no longer. 
It was their last kiss and farewell. Mrs. Barteau lived to hear 
of her husband's promotion, but never to see him again. 

Colonel Barteau was promoted to the full rank of colonel 
in 1863, and frequently commanded a brigade, so often indeed 
that he was known in the army as General Barteau, though 
never commissioned as such. He was known as a lighter from 
the start, and had the confidence of every man under him and 
officers above him in rank. If he cared for promotion or rank, 
he never made any sign ; he was as modest as he was brave, 
and seemed to have no aspiration save to do his whole duty. 
He was mentioned frequently in official reports and in the 
various histories and accounts of the operations of Forrest's 
Cavalry. He was a very cool man, but impetuous in action, 
and always in the thick of the fight, and wounded in many 
battles, including Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Franklin. Harrisburg 
and Okolona. At the last-named place he was knocked from 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 35 

his horse wliile leading a charge tlirough the town. In 
Hood's campaign he was so seriously wounded, December 6, 
1864, that he was disabled for the rest of the war. After that 
he went to Aberdeen, Miss.; was paroled July 26, 1865; was 
admitted to the bar in 1866; removed to Bartlett, Shelby 
county, Tenn., in 1870, where he still has a home, and prac- 
tices law in Memphis. 

Colonel Barteau, or General, as he is known, has attended 
several reunions of the survivors of the " Old Second" at Gal- 
latin and other places, and been received with open arms, not 
only by his comrades and followers, but by the people at large. 
He is an eloquent speaker, of fine physique, and well pre- 
served, looking very 3'oung for his age, and his appearance 
at such reunions always creates the greatest enthusiasm. He 
was married the second time, near the close of the war, to 
Miss Zura Eckford of Macon, Miss,, a young lad}- who had 
given up five brothers to the Southern cause and faced many 
hardships and dangers, and once at least was in the smoke of 
battle, as well as many times afterward in the hospitals, on 
missions of mercy and good deeds. He has three daughters 
grown and happilj' married, and the colonel has more than 
his share of welcomes and homes, and as the evening of life 
comes on he can look back over an eventful and honorable 
•career of which any man or family might be justl}' proud. 

It happened that his only brother fought in some of the 
same battles that he did, on the other side. After the war 
they corresponded, and the most cordial brotherly relations 
were restored. 

The picture of Colonel Barteau above is from an old am- 
brotvpe taken in 1864, when he was recovering from a wound 
in the wrist and a severe illness. The mark of the bullet can 
be seen in his sleeve. 

BALLENTINE, JOIKV G., Colonel of Ballentine's Regi- 
ment and Mississippi Cavalry ; entered the service in Maj^ 
1861, and remained four years. Proposed by J. E. Beasley 
for membership in the Confederate Historical Association and 
•elected April 28, 1870. 



36 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

BAILEY, L., private Company I, Tenth Mississippi ; en- 
listed June 15, 1861. The regiment was disbanded at Cor- 
inth, Miss., March 26, 1862. Returning home, Mr. Bailey 
re-enlisted with Battery A Army ISTorth Virginia, and served 
continuous!}' with the Army of Virginia until the fall of 
Petersburg, where the battery was captured and he was 
wounded: was in the hospital when captured and paroled. 

BAILEY, THOMAS F., private Company B, One Hun- 
dred and Fifty -fourth Tennessee Regiment; enlisted June,. 
1861 ; served through the war, and paroled May 11, 1865.. 
Admitted to this Association October 9, 1894. 

BAIN, JOHN, enlisted May, 1861, in Fifteenth Tennessee ;, 
was appointed Adjutant of the regiment and afterward elected 
Captain of Company H ; was on detached service at the close- 
of the war, and captured at Macon, Ga. 

BARKER, J. O., enlisted in the Ninth Mississippi early in 
the war, and was discharged on account of ill-health ; after- 
ward re-enlisted in Company G, Adams' Regiment, and 
served until the end ot the war. Paroled May 12, 1865. 

BEASLEY, JAMES EDWARD, was born in the town of 
Plymouth, N. C, August 31, 1839; graduated at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina (Chapel Hill) June 2, 1859, and 
came to Memphis immediately afterward. Became a mem- 
ber of the Shelby Grays, a company organized in this city in 
February, 1861. This compan}^ became Company A of the 
Fourth Tennessee Infantry, was mustered into service b}- 
General W. H. Carroll of Germantown, on the 15th day of 
May, 1861. Served the last two years of the war in different 
positions at the Brigade Headquarters of Brigadier-General 
O. F. Strahl ; was with General Strahl when he was killed, 
November 30, 1864, in the trenches at Franklin, Tenn.; was 
surrendered with General Johnston's army and paroled at 
Greensboro, N. C, April 26, 1865, and returned to Memphis 
to live, reaching here June 21, 1865. He was one of the 
original and most active members of the Association. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 37 




COL. JOSEPH BARBIERE. 



BARBIERE, JOSEPH, Colonel of Third Alabama Re- 
serves ; was taken prisoner, and had some hard experience, 
which he afterward wrote up in a book entitled " Scraps From 
the Prison Table " ; was a lawyer and a journalist, and genial, 
brilliant man ; was at one time President of the Tennessee 
Press Association ; lived a good many years in Pennsylvania, 
near Philadelphia, and died there in 1895. Joined this Asso- 
ciation February 3, 1870. 

BARBOUR, JAMES G., Captain in McDonald's Battal- 
ion ; entered the service in April, 1861, and remained four 
years; was a merchant after the war. Admitted to this As- 
sociation upon his own application July 15, 1870. Removed 
to Mississippi, and died at Yazoo City a few years ago. 



38 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



BEASLEY, T. J., Lieutenant of Company E, Third Regi- 
ment of Arkansas Cavalry, Humes' Division, Wheeler's Com- 
mand. Proposed for membership by J. E. Beasley and R. W. 
Mitchell, and elected May 12, 1870. 

BENNETT, J. C, private in Company B., Jeff. Forrest's 
Regiment of Cavalry, and served through the war. Pro- 
posed for membership by J. G. Barbour and Henry Moode, 
and elected May 20, 1870. 

BICKNELL, B. J., private Company A, First Mississippi 
Cavalry; enlisted May, 1861; was detailed as clerk of act- 
ing Quartermaster Department January, 1863; under Major 
J. A. Grant, March, 1863; later came under Brigadier-Gen- 
eral F. C. Armstrong, and did staff duty in connection with 
other duties. 

BLACK, A. J., private in the Twenty-eighth Mississippi 
Regiment. Elected a member of this Association July 1, 1869. 

BLACK, R. J., Second Lieutenant Company B, Seventh 
Tennessee Cavalry; enlisted May 31, 1861 ; served actively 
throughout the war, and was paroled at Gainesville, Ala., May 
12, 1865. The Seventh Tennessee was engaged in West Ten- 
nessee, West Kentucky, Middle Tennessee and North Ala- 
bama. He was in Pucker's Brigade, afterward Campbell's,- 
W. H. Jackson's Division and Forrest's Corps ; was with 
Forrest throughout the war, except about twelve months, 
when Company B, Captain J. P. Russell, was detailed as 
escort to General Loring and moved about Canton, Jackson^ 
Yazoo City, Vicksburg and Meridian, after which the com- 
pany rejoined the main command. Lieutenant Black was 
wounded three times — first at Lockridge's Mill, Ky. ; second 
at Hernando, Miss., and third at Union City, Tenn. After 
the war he located in Memphis, married, served as Clerk and 
Master of the Chancery Court for several years, was success- 
ful in real estate, building and loan and other business; was 
Secretary of the Confederate Historical Association for many 
years, and finally removed to St, Louis in 1896, but will prob- 
ably return to Memphis. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



39 




MAJ. HI'GH L. BP:DF0RD, 
At Richmond in 1863. 



BEDFORD, HUGH L., is the son of Benjamin W. Bed- 
ford, and the grandson of Capt. Thomas Bedford, a soldier 
of the American Revolution, for whom Bedford county, Tenn., 
was named, and of Robert Whyte, for many years a judge of 
the Supreme Court of Tennessee. He was born June 11, 
1836, in Fayette county, Tenn., and reared in Panola county, 
Miss. After finishing the classical course at the University 
of Mississippi, he went to Kentucky to study civil engineer- 
ing under Col. E. W. Morgan, and graduated in 1855 at the 
Kentucky Military Institute. After reading law under Judge 
J. P. Caruthers, he took the full course at the Lebanon Law 
School. Before he reached the anniversary of his 22d birth- 
day he had attained the collegiate degree of a.m., c.e. and l.b. 
In the spring of 1858 he opened a law office in Memphis, 



40 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

Tenn., in partnership with his elder brother, Harry Hill, who 
had taken the same curriculum ; but his brother, an excep- 
tionally bright and promising young man, soon died. 

When the " Shelby Grays," a company composed largely 
of his friends and associates, was ordered to rendezvous at 
Germantown, Tenn., he was suffering with an acute attack 
of measles, and was unable to go into service. He received 
in midsummer an invitation to organize a battalion of Mis- 
souri Light Artillery, with the promise of command, but after 
he had equipped one section of a battery he found that he 
was physically unable for active service, and resigned and 
returned home. In the autumn of that year he was sum- 
moned, through Colonel E. W. Munford, aid to General A. 
S. Johnson, to report to that commander at Bowling Green, 
Ky.,by whom he was ordered to Fort Donelson as Instructor 
of Artillery, with the rank of Lieutenant. Finding none of 
the heavy guns in permanent batteries he was put on duty to 
mount them. Owing to the often -en forced absence of the 
engineer in charge. Captain Dixon, engineering skill was in 
much demand, and Lieutenant Bedford was kept constantly 
on duty in forwarding the defenses of the fort until after the 
investment of the enemy. 

In the assignment ot the guns of the water batteries to 
resist the attack of the gunboats, the 10-inch Columbiad, 
manned by detachment of twenty men of Captain Ross' light 
battery, under Lieutenant Sparkman, was assigned to the 
command of Lieutenant Bedford. For the performance of 
that piece, in the battle with the gunboats, reference is made 
to the reports of various officers, as contained in the seventh 
volume of" Records of the War of the Rebellion," but more 
especially to that of Captain Culberson, commander of the 
water batteries, wherein the defeat of the enemy's fleet is 
mainly attributed to the skillful direction of the Columbiad 
by Lieutenant Bedford, but by one of those mishaps, pecu- 
liarl}^ annoying to the victim, the copyist or the compositor, 
by the substitution of an S for an L, gives the credit to 
Lieutenant H. S. Bedford, an officer " ?i07i in esse" at the 
batteries. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 41 

After seven montljs as a prisoner of war, first at Camp 
Chase, with ten (hiys of parole in Cohniibus, 0., and then at 
Johnson's Ishmcl, he was exchanged at Vicksburg, Miss., 
pUiced in command of a battalion of infantry that had become 
detached from the Fifty-first (Bowdre's) Regiment, whicli 
tem[)orarily conferred the fiekl rank of Major. When this 
detachment rejoined its regiment Lieutenant Bedford reported 
to the Ordnance Department, in which service lie continued 
until the close of the war, with the single break when the 
exigency of the service placed him for that occasion in com- 
mand of a light battery. At the time of the surrender he 
was Ordnance Officer of the Department of Mississippi. 

After the war he resumed his profession, but experiencing 
the necessity of active, outdoor life, he abandoned his law 
office in Memphis and commenced farming, v/hich vocation 
lie is now following at Bailey, Shelby county, Tenn. 

Major Bedford was one of the early members of the Con- 
federate Historical Association. Was married to Miss Marie 
Louisa McLean at Grenada, Miss., May 23, 1867, and his wife 
is now serving her second term as President of the Ladies' 
Confederate Memorial Association of Memphis, which was 
organized as an auxiliary society to the Confederate Historical 
Association in 1889. They have two sons — Benjamin Wat- 
kins Lee and Hugh Lawson Bedford. 

BLOCK, W. F., was a private in Company B, Seventh Ten- 
nessee Cavalry, Kucker's Brigade; enlisted while General 
AV. H. Jackson's command was encamped at Coldwater, 
Miss., in 1862; was paroled at the end of the war. Joined 
the Confederate Historical Association October 25, 1! 



BOGGS, Rev. WM. E., D. D., was Chaplain of the Sixth 
South Carolina Volunteers, Bratton's Brigade, Army of North- 
ern Virginia, and often took his musket and went into the 
trenches or into battle in the open field with his command. 
He served throughout the war; was afterward pastor of the 
Second Bresbyterian Church of Memphis, and is now at the 
head of a leading theological college in Georgia. Was an 
early member of the Association. 



42 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



BRENAN, FRED R., private Confederate States Army^ 
ill 1861 came to Memphis from Hamilton, Ohio, and joined 
the Blufl: City Grays, Company B, One Hundred and Fifty- 
fourth Senior Tennessee Regiment, at outbreak of the war ;, 
was with the company at Randolph, New Madrid, Hickman 
and Columbus, Ky. ; was transferred to the Hudson Battery 
of Panola county. Miss., and served with it at Camp Beaure- 
gard, Ky., under General Bowen, and was with the battery at 
Bowling Green, Corinth, in battle of Shiloh, siege of Vicks- 
burg, battle of Baton Rouge, and in many engagements in 
Mississip})! and Tennessee under General Forrest. After siege 
of Yicksburg, was transferred back to Bluff City Grays, who 
in the meantime had been mounted and transferred from the 
infantry to Forrest's Cavalry, and formed Company B of the 
Old Forrest Regiment ; was with Forrest in many of his fights 
and raids in Mississippi and Tennessee^the storming of Fort 
Pillow, the advance to the Tennessee river, capture of gun- 
boats and transports below Johnsonville ; went with a detach- 
ment of Bluft City Grays, under Lieutenant James Suther- 
land, across the Tennessee river to keep telegraph wires cut 
between Nashville and Johnsonville while Forrest's Artillery 
attacked and destroyed gunboats and stores at Johnsonville; 
recrossed the Tennessee river at night in "dugouts," swim- 
ming the horses, rejoined the command, and marched to Flor- 
ence, Ala., and from there went with the cavalry in the Nash- 
ville campaign under General Hood ; was in the skirmishes 
and engagements along the pikes up to Spring Hill and Frank- 
lin ; engaged in the battle of Franklin, the fighting around 
Nashville, and the subsequent retreat across the Tennessee 
river; served with the command in Mississippi, and went to- 
the relief of Selma and to intercept the Wilson raid; the com- 
mand then retired to Gainesville, Ala., and surrendered at the 
close of the war. Returned with parole to Memphis, and be- 
came a deputy chancery clerk under Clerk and Master Doc- 
tor Alston ; practiced law a couple of years, then became a 
reporter on the old Avalanche, and subsequently was a reporter 
on the Public Ledger, the new Avalanche, the Memjjhis Appeal^ 
the Appeal-Avalanche, and the Commercial Appeal. Is married 
and has an interesting family. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



4» 




EDWARD BOURNE, 
Taken in Montgomery, Ala., in 18(iS. 



BOURNE, EDWARD, was boni June 23, 1846, in Mem- 
phis, reared and educated here, and passed his examination 
for college in June and witnessed the taking of Memphis June 
6, 1862. Instead of going off to college was kept at home 
aiid drilled with the Young Guards under Captain John F. 
Cameron. Owing to his youth and delicate physique he was 
not accepted as a soldier for some time; was finally sworn 
into the same company when his brother Wm. F. Bourne 
became its captain in the latter part of 1863, when the army 
was in winter quarters at Dalton. This company (B) was 
then a part of the Third Confederate Regiment, and after- 
ward, near the end, was consolidated with the First Arkansas 
Regiment. Private Bourne was in most of the lighting from 
Dalton to Atlanta, where his brother. Captain Bourne, wa& 



44 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

killed on the 22d of July, 1864, and Comrade Bourne buried 
him with the assistance of Serjeant Pixley on the battlefield. 
He continued with the regiment to the surrender; was with 
Hood on his raid into Tennessee, and endured all the hard- 
ships of that ai]d subsequent campaigns. 

On the Georgia campaign the regiment was left on an out- 
post near Calhoun station with one piece of artillery, with the 
expectation that it would cover the retreat and be captured. 
Instead of that the men escaped at the last moment, bringing 
with them one prisoner as a living trophy of their alertness 
in a critical place. Kear Limestone, Ga., Comrade Bourne 
was wounded at short range by a ball that had passed through 
a fence rail, but he was not disabled. Pie was captured with 
his regiment at Jonesboro, after a sanguinary and hand to 
hand fight, September 1, 1864. A month later the captured 
Confederates were swapped by special arrangement between 
Generals Hood and Sherman for an equal number of Federals. 
Under a regular exchange the Confederates would have been 
entitled to a furlough, but instead of that were furnished En- 
field rifles and forty rounds of ammunition before rations were 
issued to them. They followed the army and overtook it 
near Decatur, Coming out of Tennessee Comrade Bourne 
was literally barefooted and his feet were very much swollen. 
At Pulaski he and others waded through Sweetwater Creek 
with ice in it up to their necks, and that night slept on snow 
several inches deep. They were thinly clad, and the wonder 
is that they lived through such terrible sufferings. A few 
days later several men froze to death in a train, while Com- 
rade Bourne was riding and sleeping on top of a car. But 
he got through it all ; was in the battle of Bentonville, and 
was paroled with General Johnston's army at Greensboro, 
N. C, where the men were given $1.35 each out of what was 
left of the Confederate treasury as a medal or souvenir, rather 
than as pay, for their heroic services. 

Comrade Bourne came home in the fall of '65, went into 
business at once, and has been a very busy man ever since. 
He served two years as President of Memphis Board of Un- 
derwriters, and was also President of the Memphis Salvage 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 45 

Corps. In church matters he took an active part ; was some- 
time F*resident of the Shelby County Baptist Sunday-school 
Convention, and for three years President of the West Ten- 
nessee Baptist Sunday-school Convention, and was for a long^ 
time a member of the State Sunday-school and Colportage 
Board. 

He was married March 11, 1869, to Miss Jennie Garth Mc- 
Garvey of Hopkinsville, Ky., whose father, J. W. A. McGar- 
vey, was also a Confederate soldier under John H. Mori>;an, 
and they have three children living out of five born to them. 
Comrade Bourne became a member of this Association sev- 
eral 3'ears ago, has been a member of Company A, Con- 
federate Volunteers, from the first, has been First Lieu- 
tenant ever since the company went into the State National 
Guard of Tennessee, and has been with the company on its 
trips to Chattanooga, Richmond, Little Rock and other places. 
In his time he has belonged to several local military com- 
panies and held offices. In the Inter-State drill given in 
Memphis in May, 1895, he was a member of the Military 
Committee. He has always had strong inherited military 
tastes, and had the advantage of two years at a militar}' 
school. His family on both sides came of noted Revolution- 
ary stock. His father, James Treadwell Bourne, was born in 
Kennebunk, Me. His mother, Miss Martha Tucker Free- 
land, was born in Salem, Mass. They were married at Ports- 
mouth, N. H. The father for a short time was engaged in 
the shoe business in Boston, but in 18J^7 came South, moving* 
his family to Memphis, where he lived until his death in 1888. 
His grandfather. Bourne, married three times. His first wife 
was Miss Mary Treadwell, the second Clarissa Warren, a 
niece of General Warren, who fell at Bunker Hill, and his 
third wife was Xarcissa Sewall of Bangor, Me. His mother 
was the daughter of John Freeland, and through her mother 
was a descendant of President John Adams' father. 

BOND, LEE, private Company B, Twelfth Tennessee Cav- 
alry ; enlisted June, 1862 ; went through the war under For- 
rest ; was at home on furlough at the time of the surrender ; 
came to Memphis and was paroled in May, 1865. 



46 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



BOBBITT, P. A., Orderly Sergeant Company F, Twelfth 
North Carolina Confederate Regiment, Army North Virginia; 
enlisted April, 1862; was wounded at Gettysburg and Fish- 
er's Hill; captured at Gettysburg July 4, 1863, and released 
August 29, 1863; paroled April 14,1865. Admitted to the 
Confederate Historical Association January 8, 1895. 

BRENNEN, JOHN", enlisted as a private in Company C, 
Fourth Louisiana, May 25, 1861. No other entry except 
" dead." 

BRIGHTWELL, THOS. H., enlisted in Company D, First 
Virginia Infantry, April 9, 1861, and became Adjutant of the 
Regiment; served through the war, and paroled June 25, 
1865. Admitted to the Confederate Historical Association 
April 9, 1895. 

BROWN, C. W"., private Company L, One Hundred and 
Fifty -fourth Tennessee Regiment; enlisted in 1861; was 
wounded at the battle of Shiloh ; captured, and escaped at 
Selma, Ala., April 2, 1862 ; paroled May 11, 1865. Admitted 
to Confederate Historical Association August 13, 1895. 

BOWLES, ROBERT S., private Company B, One Hun- 
dred and Fifty -fourth Tennessee Regiment, enlisted April 
26, 1861; was wounded twice at the battle of Shiloh, but 
served afterward, and was paroled April 26, 1865, just four 
years from date of enlistment. Admitted to this Association 
October 9, 1894. 

BURFORD S., served in the Adjutant-General's depart- 
ment on General Wheeler's staff, with the rank of Major. 
After the war he became an Episcopal minister, and for sev- 
eral years was rector of Calvary Church, Memphis; was 
transferred back to a church in New York city and died there 
in 1895. Became a member of this Association some years ago. 

BURROW, F. J., Second Sergeant Company D, Fourth 
Tennessee ; enlisted May 15, 1861 ; was in Stewart's Brigade, 
€heatham's Division ; wounded at Murfreesboro December 
31, 1862; taken prisoner and carried to Rock Island ; paroled 
March 16, 1865. Admitted to the Confederate Historical As- 
sociation May 4, 1895. 



CONFEDERATE HISTOIUCAL ASSOCIATION. 



47 




JUDGE T. W. BROWN, 

In 1S!)(I. 



BROWN, THOS. W., was bom, reared and educated in 
Kentucky, and is a most loyal Kentuckian to this day, believ- 
ing that it has in the past produced more great men than any 
State in the Union. The only State he is willing to admit to 
a parallelism in this regard is old Virginia. Just after he 
graduated at Center College he went to the Mexican war 
before there was a sprig of beard on his face. Is now a Mex- 
can veteran, and as such receives a pension from the Govern- 
ment. 

He came to Memphis to practice law just fourteen days 
before the fall of Fort Sumpter. He was in politics a Henry 
Clay Whig, and did not believe in tlie doctrine or policy of 
secession ; and when Tennessee reversed her sentiment of Feb- 
ruary, 1861, he steadily refused to have anything to do with 



48 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



the war. For this he was denounced by secession extremists. 
To them he calmly replied : " If you think you can easily 
whip the North you will find yourselves mistaken. But I 
give each and every one of you this assurance, that when the 
time comes that requires every man to save the South from 
the humiliation of defeat, I will go and fight for her to the 
last. Many of you now so clamorous for war and so full of 
fight will then skulk." When Grant occupied Memphis T. 
W. Brown thought it was time for every man in the South 
to go into the fight. He went out of the lines for this pur- 
pose, while others who had denounced him remained, as he 
had predicted. At the time he went out of Grant's lines 
Bragg was moving into Kentucky. At Chattanooga he re- 
ceived authority from Richmond to follow the march of Bragg, 
and raise either a regiment of infantry or a battery. General 
Bragg did not occupy Kentucky long enough for this to be 
done. Keturning into East Tennessee Bragg moved his lines 
to Murfreesboro, confronting Rosecrans. The Confederate 
Congress created for the administration of military hiw in 
the Confederate armies, corps courts, to be in the field, and 
with the respective corps. T. W. Brown was appointed Judge 
Advocate to the military court assigned to the corps, then 
commanded by Lieutenant- General Polk, subsequently by 
Lieutenant- General Hardee. The judge advocates of these 
corps courts were commissioned captains in cavalry. The 
court assigned to above named corps especially distinguished 
itself in the discharge of its duties. It was ever with its 
corps on the march and in battle. So marked was its excel- 
lence that it attracted the attention of the commanding gen- 
eral of the army, who obtained the passage by the Confeder- 
ate Congress of an act allowing him to use either of these 
corps courts he might select for the general business of the 
army, or for the work of any corps as he might assign. The 
discipline of the corps now commonly known and called Har- 
dee's Corps had become under the administration of its corps 
court so perfect that the business of this court, which at first 
was very arduous, had greatly eased ofi", to the great relief of 
its Judge Advocate, upon whom the burden of the work fell. 



CONFEDERATE HISTOKICAL ASSOCIATION. 49 

But the procurement of the act mentioned, by General Joseph 
E. Johnston, ao;ain threw upon Judge Advocate Brown a flood 
of work. He, however, met his greatly increased labors with 
uncomplaining energy, and received from General Johnston 
complimentary recognition. 

Two incidents somewhat humorous may with propriety be 
mentioned here. When the Army of Tennessee reached At- 
lanta, closing the bloody campaign from Dalton to the Chat- 
tahoochee, the military court of the cor))s was ordered to 
Liberty, a little hamlet in the rear of the army, around which 
were quartermaster and commissary encampments and some 
convalescing soldiers. In a few days McCook's Federal cav- 
alry raided on the left wing of the Army of Tennessee and 
swooped down on quartermasters and commissaries. Judge 
Advocate Brown and Colonel Worthington, the only members 
of the court present (the others having been granted leave of 
absence for a few days), were captured after a gallant eft'ort 
by Judge Advocate Brown to escape, in which he very nearly 
succeeded. By this time General Wheeler's command was 
in pursuit of the raiding column in a "stern chase."' At 
Xewnan Wheeler's advance caught up with McCook's forces 
and a severe battle ensued. During the battle the })risoners 
and their guards found themselves between the tires of the 
contending lines. The Federal olhcer made no eifort to re- 
lieve this situation ; this however was not intentional — he had 
simply lost his head. Captain Brown suggested to him that 
he should (diange his position, to which he replied that he 
could not. The captain then told him he would order his 
fellow prisoners to dismount and lie on the ground, to which 
the oiScer assented. The order was given, the prisoners dis- 
mounted and hugged the ground ; not one was struck, but a 
tew horses were killed. Directly McCook's lines broke and 
started in full retreat. The prisoners dispersed toward tlie 
Confederate lines, leaving Colonel Worthington, the Judge 
Advocate and four convalescent soldiers by themselves. There 
were many loose horses roving about. If there was anything 
at that time a Confederate soldier wanted, it was a horse. 
The Judge Advocate and the four soldiers proceeded to cap- 
4 



50 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



tare a horse apiece, but found there were a good many loose 
Federal soldiers around, as well as loose horses. The soldiers 
were taken in as well as the horses. To the surprise of the 
Judge Advocate, while he was careering over the late battle 
field on a fairly good mount with which he had provided him- 
self, his familiar schoolboy name Tom was shouted about one 
hundred yards distant by a Federal officer. He rode at once 
to the officer and found Dr. Burdett, an old college friend, a 
Federal surgeon in charge of McCook's field hospital, with 
his wounded. The Judge Advocate received the surrender 
of the hospital, not refusing a nip of good French brandy 
oflered by his old college friend. 

About this time one of the four soldiers called the Judge 
Advocate's attention to a white flag in a bottom cornfield, 
quite dense in growing corn. With the four veterans the 
Judge Advocate marched to the white flag and found a regi- 
ment of Federals. The officer apparently in command an- 
nounced the regiment to be the Eighth Iowa Cavalry, that 
he was Major Istis, that their lieutenant - colonel w^as lying 
mortally wounded in the adjacent woods, and that their col- 
onel had left them. Confident that ^V heeler's lines were close 
up, the surrender of the regiment was taken in due form and 
the wounded lieutenant-colonel taken care of as well as could 
be done at the time; but it turned out that Wheeler's lines 
were not as close up as was thought at the time the surren- 
der was taken. The surrender was taken at about 1 o'clock 
P.M. The delay in appearance of the Confederate lines was 
so long that the Yankees began to murmur. This of course 
was dangerous to the Judge Advocate and his four veteran 
associates. One of the four was sent to find some command 
of Wheeler's and report the situation. In the meantime the 
Judge Advocate held on to the surrendered regiment with a 
stiff' upper lip, but much trepidation, as he confesses. At a 
little after 6 o'clock p.m.. Colonel Ross' Texas Brigade came 
up and settled the difficulty. 

Judge Advocate Brown has always claimed that he got 
more than even with General McCook for capturing him at 
Liberty, Ga. 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOIIICAL ASSOCIATION. 51 

A joke is told of Hardee in connection with Judge Advo- 
cate Brown. When Hardee took command of the corps he 
found in it some brigades not satisfactory to him on the day 
of battle. Hardee wanted only lighting brigades and regi- 
ments in his corps. He had been quite importunate and suc- 
cessful with the commanding, general in getting rid of the 
inferior commands and necessarily putting them on the other 
corps commanders. But there was one brigade he had not 
rid himself of. He went again to the general in command of 
the Army of Tennessee and urged the general to exchange 
this brigade for one in another corps. The general replied 
wMth some heat, it is said, to the application, calling his atten- 
tion to the success he had achieved in getting out of his corps 
inferior commands, and telling him tliat he was as much 
bound to put up with poor soldiers as the other corps com- 
TOanders. Hardee, stumped by this very just reply to his 
application, is said to have answered as follows: "General, 
I am influenced somewhat in this proposal by humanity." 
" How is that?" said the general. Hardee replied,"! am 
afraid, general, if that brigade is not taken from me my 
judge advocate will shoot all of them." Hardee did get rid 
of the obnoxious command. 

Judg-e Advocate Brown was a great favorite with both 
Polk and Hardee. The former ap[)lied, when he left the 
Army of Tennessee for the Department of Mississippi, to 
Mr. Davis for permission to take him with him. This was 
refused, it being decided that he belonged to the corps, and 
not to the corps commander. The latter called him into his 
•confidence when he was about to have a duel with Hood. 
He was one of the paroling officers at Trinity Church, Greens- 
boro, K. C. 

After the w^ar Judge Advocate Brown was conspicuous in 
recovering the liberties of ex-Confederates from the recon- 
struction measures. He had the singular fortune to first pre- 
sent in 1868 at New York the impolicy and oppression of 
reconstruction administration in the South to the Northern 
constituencies ; and also from the balcony of Peabody Hotel, 
at the request of the business men of Memphis, made the last 



52 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



speech in the drama of reconstruction. This was on the occa- 
sion of the celebrated McEnerj controvers}' in Louisiana. 
Captain Brown prepared the resolutions for the Memphis mer- 
chants. The resolutions and speech were sent to President 
Grant. Then followed quickly the withdrawal of Federal 
military authority from Louisiana. 

Judge Browm joined this Association April 12, 1884. 

BOLINER, PATRK^K McHENRY, son of James and 
Ann Boliner, was born in Staunton, Va., September 14, 1831. 
His ancestors were of Revolutionary stock, and his grand- 
father Boliner was in the war of 1812. He is a nephew of 
the late John McCullough, the tragedian, who w^as his moth- 
er's brother, they being the only two of the family who came 
over from Ireland, as far as he knows. The Mc in his name 
is for McCullough. In 1852 3'oung Boliner, whose father 
had died in 1849, went to Fort Worth, Texas, and after work- 
ing a few years started to college at McKenzie, where he was 
a student thirty years of age when the war began. When the 
news came of the firing on Fort Sumpter 300 young men 
dropped tlieir books and rushed off for the war, Boliner 
among the rest. He says now that his class had a lesson 
ready in differential calculus that has never yet been recited. 
He enlisted in May, 1861, at Clarksville, Texas, in Company 
E, Ninth Texas Cavalry, and was in a brigade commanded 
by General Mcintosh at the battle of Elk Horn, Ark., March 
4, 1862, where both Mcintosh and Ben McCulloch (no relative 
of Boliner) were killed ; Avas in several engagements out 
West with the Indians. He came over with the regiment, 
without horses, with Price's army, and was in the battle of 
Corinth, on foot, October 4, 1862, and was severely wounded 
there. Later in the war his regiment became part of Ross" 
famous brigade, and he served in it under Jackson and For- 
rest until the surrender; was wounded at Dallas, Ga., and at 
Franklin, Tenn., by a sabre cut; was captured at Spring 
Hill, but knocked the guard in the head and escaped the 
same night ; never missed a fight, except w^hen absent on 
account of wound, which was only a short time ; was paroled 
May 13, 1865, at Jackson, Miss. ; has taught school and been 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



53 



variously engaged since; has made Memphis his home for 
thirty years; never married. Joined this Association Octo- 
ber 9, 1894; became an active member of Company A, Con- 
federate Veterans, at once, and was with it at the reunion in 
Kichmond June and July. 1896. 




J. J. BROWN. 



BROWN, J. J., born in Hardeman county, Tenn., January 
24, 1840; removed to Fayette county when a boy; joined a 
■company of infantry in 1861, whose services were offered to 
the State but not accepted, as the quota desired was fuH. 
In November, 1861, he enlisted in Eldridge's Battery, made 
up from Fayette, Hardin and Wayne counties. At Nashville 
J. W. Eldridge was elected captain ; E. E. Wright and T. W. 
Jones first lieutenants; J. W. Mebane and Joe Williamson 
second lieutenants, and J. W. Phillips orderly sergeant, with 



54 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



a company roll of 128 men ; was ordered to report at Bowl- 
ing Green, Ky., and assigned to Baker's Hill, an advanced 
position, which was occupied until the army fell back on 
Nashville. Then the battery and several siege guns block- 
aded the river several miles below Nashville and held the 
enemy's gunboats in check until the city was evacuated. At 
Murfreesboro the battery was assigned to Breckinridge's Di- 
vision. Arriving at Corinth the subject of this sketch was 
ordered to report to the colonel commanding cavalry at De- 
catur, Ala., with two guns of the battery; remained on out- 
post duty with the cavalry until after the evacuation of Cor- 
inth, and then joined the other section of the battery at 
Saltillo, Miss., which had taken an active part in the cam- 
paign around Corinth. The battery also took an active part 
in the Kentucky campaign, but was not engaged in the bat- 
tle of Perryville. After tlie army fell back to Knoxville the 
battery was ordered to Murfreesboro, where early in Novem- 
ber, 1862, it reorganized by electing E. E. Wright captain,. 
J. W. Mebane iirst lieutenant, J. W. Phillips second lieuten- 
ant, and J. C. Grant third lieutenant; took an active part in 
the campaign around Murfreesboro; was not engaged in the 
first day's battle, but held in reserve under a hot tire ; was 
with Breckinridge in his desperate charge on the enemy's 
left on the 2d of January, 18G3, where they lost Captain 
Wright and one-third of the company. The division went 
in 4000 strong and left 1800 on the field. The engagement 
lasted forty minutes. 

About the first day of June, 1863, the division was ordered 
to Jackson, Miss., to reinforce General J. E. Johnston; took 
part in the Vicksburg campaign ; had a light engagement 
with a division of the enemy at Jackson, Miss., in July, 1863. 
About the 1st of September, 1863, was ordered to reinforce 
Bragg, near Chattanooga ; was engaged in the battles of 
Chickamauga, Missionary Bidge, and Rockyface Ridge (or 
Dalton), Resaca, Lafayette, and Kenesaw Ridge, where Cap- 
tain Mebane was killed, having the top of his head blown ofiT 
by an eight-inch Parrott shell while engaged in an artillery 
duel with the enemy. After Captain Mebane was killed 
Lieutenant Phillips was promoted to captain. 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOKICJAL ASSOCIATION. 55 

About the IGtli of June, 18G4, was eugag-ed in tlu' light- 
ning bug fight at the dead angle. On the night of July 1, 
1864, was engaged at Pine Mountain; July 4 at Peaciitree 
Creek; July 20-22 at Atlanta; also at Jonesboro, Lovejoy's 
station, Franklin and Nashville, Tenn., and last but not least, 
at Spanish Fort, one of the approac^hes to the city of Mobile, 
in April, 1865. After the evacuation of Mobile the battery 
went up to Deniopolis, where tlie men were given muskets, 
having left their guns in the fort; were ordered over to Me- 
ridian, Miss., where the company surrendered. Ten of them 
not feeling disposed to do so, on that morning broke their 
muskets over a tree and left for Tennessee. lieaching La- 
Grange, Mr. Brown and some of his comrades surrendered 
and received their paroles in June, 1865. He has lived in 
Shelby county for the last thirteen years. He was in all the 
campaigns of his battery and in some awful close places, 
especially at Spanish Fort, where the Confederates were con- 
fronted by a force of perhaps ten to one, but he was never 
wounded. He became a member of this Association several 
years ago ; is a member of Company A, Confederate Vete- 
rans, and was on the trip to Richmond last summer. He was 
married to Miss Belle Abernathy of Fayette county in 1871, 
and they have two daughters. Miss Irene Fowler, a graduate 
of Vassar College, and Miss Anna Belle A. Brown. The lat- 
ter is a "daughter" of Company A. Tlieir home is at 
Buntyn, near this city. 

BEECHER, EDWARD A., born in tlie State of New York 
in 1834, A few years after his father moved out to Loraine 
county, Ohio, and in co-operation with other Eastern men of 
congenial ideas formed the community of Oberlin. In the 
college of Oberlin Edward Beecher graduated before reach- 
ing his majority. After reading law under Salmon P. Chase 
in Cincinnati, casting aside forever the associations and teach- 
ings of childhood and 3-outh, he turned his face soutiiuard, 
making tor himself a place among a [jcople of whom he liiid 
never perhaps heard a kind word. About the year 1856 he 
landed in Memphis. Under the late E. M. Yerger and other 
lawyers of ability he passed an examination said to have 



56 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



been of an exceptional character. The late James Wicker- 
sham complimented the youthful member of the bar by mak- 
ing him a partner. Owing to a passionate love of the law, 
combined with what General Hood in later years called his 
matchless energy, an enviable degree of success crowned 
his efforts. Suddenly his onward and happy progress was 
checked ; upon the secession of Tennessee duty pointed an- 
other way ; he said that " A faithful discharge of duty is a 
strong foundation on which to build one's happiness." 

He enlisted wnth Captain McDonald's Dragoons in 1861. 
In 1862 General Polk asked him to join his staff in the capac- 
ity of quartermaster, which he did, holding the position as a 
temporary- one, as he thought; for this, he wn'ote, was not his 
idea of military service. His peculiar power of overcoming 
obstacles, his " matchless energ}- and activit}-," rendered his 
services in this line so needful that his work seemed cut out 
for him. It was said of him that in moving the army, while 
acting as military superintendent of railroads, his powers of 
providing ways and means were almost limitless. He was, 
w^ith the exception of a few months after his marriage, ahvays 
in the field. The few months were spent in Macon busily 
occupied in the office of the Master of Transportation. 

Letters of appreciation from his superiors Avere not lack- 
ing. One from Kichmond offered a broader field, wnth the 
rank of colonel, which was declined. To be called an " honest 
quartermaster" w-as his distinction. In common with all 
soldiers of Tennessee, he shared an unbounded devotion to 
Generals Yaughan and Cheatham ; he w-ept over Preston Smith 
and was ever loyal to Joe Johnston. With his comrades he 
believed that the Army of Tennessee led the military field in 
courage and endurance. Few Southern born men felt the 
fatal termination of the war as did this adopted son. He took 
up the pursuit of his profession at the end, but under such 
changed circumstances, owing to the terrible period of so- 
called reconstruction, that, although financially successful, 
the practice of it was never the same pleasure again. Major 
Beecher died in 1873 of pneumonia. He became a member 
of this Association September 9, 1869. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 




DR. R. E. BULLINGTOX. 



BULLIXGTOX, li. E., was born in DeSoto county, Miss., 
the 2d day of April, 1847. His father was Dr. Edward Bul- 
lington, who came from Richmond, A^a., many years ae^o ; 
was a well known and highly popular citizen, and died of 
jellow fever at Hernando in 1878. When the war broke out 
R. E. Bullington was a mere boy, but he enlisted in Septem- 
ber, 1864, in Comjiany K, Captain W. A. Rains, Eighteenth 
Mississippi Regiment, Colonel Alex. Chalmers, Rucker's Brig- 
ade, and saw eight or ten months' very arduous service. He 
first took part in the recapture of a wagon train near Flor- 
ence, Ala., which had been taken from the Confederates; was 
in an engagement at Cedar Grove, and next day was at the 
battle of Franklin. He was in various skirmishes on the raid 
to Nashville, and shared the hardships of the retreat of Hood's 
army from Tennessee, and came out with very little cloth- 



58 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

\ng. At one time his company and Clialmers' escort was cut 
ofi and in the rear of the Federal army, but by hard riding 
for three days and nights and swimming Duck river they 
escaped. He was with the command on down to Selma, and 
participated in a sharp engagement there. After the sur- 
render he came through to Memphis and was paroled here. 
He lived for a time at Hernando and was in business; mar- 
ried Miss Sallie Peete, daughter of Dr. J. S. Peete, near Ma- 
son, Tenn,, December 30, 1869, and they have reared an inter- 
esting family of seven children. A year after marriage the 
young doctor, as he was to be, went off to college, and was 
graduated in 1872 with first honors, and returning began the 
practice of his profession. He lived one year at Humboldt^ 
Tenn., and twelve years at Hernando, Miss. ; removed to Mem- 
phis in October, 1885, and has lived here ever since and been 
eminently successful. He became a member of this Associa- 
tion on the 13th of June, 1894. 

BUCHANAN, J. W., first enlisted as a private in the 
Chickasaw Guards, a company organized by General W. F. 
Tucker, in Chickasaw county. Miss., in the fall of i860. In 
January, 1861, this company, with other State troops, was 
ordered to Pensacola, Fla. ; served one month and returned 
home. This company was one of the first to offer its services 
to the State, and was ordered to Corinth about the 1st of 
April, 1861, when it, with other companies, formed the famous 
Eleventh Mississippi and went from Corinth to Lynchburg, 
Va., and was there mustered into the Confederate service ;. 
from there went to Harper's Ferry. The Eleventh Missis- 
sippi, Second Mississippi, Fourth Alabama, First Tennessee 
(Colonel Turney) and Sixth North Carolina constituted Gen- 
eral Bee's Brigade at the first battle of Manassas. Only a 
part of the Eleventh Mississippi was engaged in this battle. 
His company did not get to the battlefield until the fight was 
over, being delayed on a train. He was discharged, on ac- 
count of a long spell of fever, in August, 1861, and returned 
home. Shortly after this he was elected captain of a new 
company, about the 1st of September, 1861. His company 
was ordered to Marion station, near Meridian, Miss., where 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. :i» 

the Twenty-fourth Mississippi Reginieut was organized, with 
W. F. Dowel of Aberdeen as colonel. The regiment was 
ordered to Fernandina, Fla., where it remained until ordered 
to Chattanooga about the Ist of March, 1862. The regiment 
became a part of General S. B. Maxey's Brigade, and was 
ordered from there to Corinth, and reached there the day 
after the battle of Shiloh. The Twenty-fourth Mississipjii 
Regiment became a part of the Army of Tennessee after 
this. In the Kentucky campaign it formed a part of Marsh 
Walker's Brigade, General Patton Anderson's Division, liar- 
dee's Corps, and was engaged in the battle of Perryville, this 
being its tirst regular battle. Just before the battle of Mur- 
freesboro the Twenty-fourth, Twenty-seventh, Twenty-ninth^ 
Thirtieth and Thirty-fourth Mississippi Regiments became 
Walthall's Brigade, but was under command of General Pat- 
ton Anderson in the battle of Murfreesboro, General Wal- 
thall being absent on leave. On the promotion of General 
Walthall to Major-Geueral, Colonel Sam. Benton, colonel of 
the Thirty-fourth Mississippi, was made brigadier-general, 
and was fatally wounded at Atlanta on the 22d of July, 1864, 
and lived only a few days. Colonel W. F. Brantly of the 
Twentj'-ninth Mississippi was promoted to brigadier-general. 
Captain Buchanan was wounded at the battle of Jonesboro, 
Ga., the 31st of August, 1864, and w^as never able to return 
to his company. He was confined to his bed from this wound 
until July. 1868. 

lie had graduated at the University of Mississippi in 1860, 
and commenced the study of law before the war and during 
his confinement in bed from his wounds, and began the prac- 
tice in December, 1868. He was elected to the Mississippi 
Legislature in 1879 and again in 1881, and in March, 1882, 
was appointed circuit judge for the First District of Missis- 
sippi by Gov, Lowrey. In March, 1887, he resigned the ofiice 
of circuit judge to take the position now held with the Kan- 
sas City, Memphis & Birmingham Railroad Company, and in 
January, 1888, he removed to Memphis. 

BUFORD, SMITH, enlisted as a j.rivate in Comi-any F, 
Thirteenth Mississippi, early in 1861. Served until the end 



m SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



of tlie war. He is a practicing physician at Raleigh, and is 
an active member of Company A, Confederate Veterans. 

BUNCH, GEORGE H., Sergeant-Major Fifth Virginia, 
Army North Virginia; enlisted April 9, 1861 ; paroled June 
7, 1865. Admitted to the C. H. A. January 8, 1895. 

BUTLER, A. R., private Company H, Fifteenth Arkansas 
Regiment; entered service April 27, 1861, and paroled May, 
1865. Proposed for membership by L. O. Rivers and C. G. 
Locke, and elected May 20, 1870. 

CAMPBELL, D. A., enlisted August 19, 1862, in Company 
F, Second Kentucky Cavalry, John H. Morgan's command. 
Discharged January 8, 1865. 

CAMERON, WILLIAM L., was a member of Company 
A, Young Guards, and afterward assistant paymaster in the 
Confederate States Navy. Served on the gunboat Savannah 
at Savannah ; on the gunboats Huntsville, Baltic and Nash- 
ville at Mobile, and was captured at Naura Hubber Bluifs 
and paroled there May 10, 1865. Admitted to this Associa- 
tion August 13, 1895. 

CANNON, H. E., private Company A, Seventh Tennessee 
Cavalry; enlisted May 16, 1861 ; was wounded while scout- 
ing around Lost Mountain and Powder Springs, Ga. ; paroled 
May 11, 1865. Admitted to C. II. A. June 1, 1895. 

CARMICHAEL, J., chaplain Thirtieth Regiment Virginia 
Infantry ; entered service April 11, 1861 ; paroled July 5, 
1865; was rector of Grace Church, Memphis, for several 
years, and took an active, heroic part in the relief of yellow 
fever sufferers in 1873 ; afterward returned to Virginia. Pro- 
posed for membership in this Association by R. J. Black and 
J. Harvey Mathes, and elected March 17, 1870. 

CARPENTER, A. S., Orderly Sergeant Company B,Thirty- 
second North Carolina Regiment ; enlisted May 20, 1861 ; was 
in D. H. Hill's and Rhodes' Divisions, Jackson's, Eweli's and 
Gordon's Corps : never missed a battle except when in prison ; 
paroled May, 1865. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



(il 




CAPT. \V. \V. CAKNKS. 
In l.StJ2. 



CARNES, WILLIAM W., was boni September 18, 1841, 
at Sonierville, in Fayette count}', Tenn. Some 3'ears later liis 
family moved to Memphis, and he passed his boyhood days 
ill this city. He was the ehlest son of General James A. 
Carnes, a prominent citizen of Memphis before the war, whose 
military title was due to his being brigade commander of the 
State militia, the rank held in recent years by his younger 
son, S. T. Carnes. "Will Carnes," as he was and is known, 
was appointed to the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis when 
fifteen years old, and was in tlie graduating class there wlien 
the secession of the Sonthern States caused him to send in 
his resignation, that he might be free to aid his native South- 
land in the conflict he believed to be inevitable. After a 
short period of service in the first organization and drilling 
of companies, while on statt'duty at the headquarters of Gen- 



62 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



eral Gideon J. Pillow in this city, he was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Harris as Drill Master of Tennessee State troops, with 
the rank of First Lieutenant of infantry, assigned to Cheat- 
ham's Brigade at Union City, and attached to the Fifth Ten- 
nessee Regiment, commanded by Colonel Travis; was next 
appointed First Lieutenant of Artillery and assigned to Cap- 
tain (afterward General) W. H. Jackson's battery of light 
artillery, at New Madrid, Mo. Captain Jackson was wounded 
at Belmont and Lieutenant Carnes placed in command of the 
battery. Upon Captain Jackson's return to duty he was made 
Colonel of Cavalry and Lieutenant Carnes succeeded him as 
Captain of Artillery early in 1862, when he was but twenty 
years of age. It was stated in The Co7\federate Veteran of 
June, 1895, published at Nashville, that "the youngest cap- 
tains of artillery in the Confederate army were W. W. Carnes 
of Memphis, John W. Morton of Nashville, Tenn., and Willie 
Pegram of Virginia." "I think," says the writer, "John 
Morton was the youngest of these three; but Captain Carnes 
had been commanding a batter}- some time before Morton was 
promoted from Lieutenant to the rank of Captain. Both were 
captains in active command of field batteries at twenty years 
of age." 

Carnes' Battery was first attached to a brigade commanded 
by General Clarke, of Mississippi, till after the battle of 
Shiloh. Soon after, General Daniel S. Donelson was assigned 
to the command of a brigade of Tennessee troops in Cheat- 
ham's Division, and the battery thereafter served with that 
brigade under Gen. Donelson, and afterward under Marcus J. 
Wright, who succeeded Donelson. 

The first important field service this battery saw was at 
Perryville, October 8, 1862. Carnes' Battery brought on the 
fight on the left and was very hotly engaged in an artillery 
duel for more than an hour. After being ordered back to 
refit and prepare for a hotter contest still, the battery (of four 
guns) was transferred rapidly to the extreme right with Polk's 
Corps. There, supported by the Eighth and Fifty-first Ten- 
nessee regiments, and Wharton's regiment of Texas Cavalry, 
they attacked the extreme left of the Federal line, throwing 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOKICAL ASSOCIATION. 63 

them into great contusion. Wharton's Texas Rangers and 
Manej's and Donelson's Brigades followed up the advantage 
gained and the tight was won on that part of the Held with 
comparatively light loss on the Confederate side. The Con- 
federates had 13,000 men engaged, all told, against a force of 
55,000 on the Federal side, available if not engaged. Captain 
Carnes was famous from that day, and his reputation was 
earned by hard, skillful fighting. In this battle he received 
his first and onlj- wound during the war, being shot in the 
foot. lie remained with his command and rode in an ambu- 
lance the greater part of the time on the retreat, lie had 
been sick*most of the campaign, and reaching Knoxville was 
given sick leave of absence to go to Macon, Ga., where his 
sisters were at school. There he met the lady to whom lie 
was married soon after the w^ar, and the Captain says he has 
never had any spite against the Yankee rifleman who helped 
to send him there. 

Rumors of an approaching battle caused him to return to 
his command before his leave of absence expired, and he com- 
manded his battery in his usual eflective wa}' in the battle of 
Murfreesboro. (See " Campaigns and Battles of the Sixteentli 
Tennessee Volunteers," by Thomas A. Head, also Lindsley's 
*' Military Annals of Tennessee.") After the retreat from 
Murfreesboro the battery was camped at Shelbyville and Tul- 
lahoma. Colonel Head, in his book, states that on the retreat 
to Chattanooga, July, 1863, when the army reached the Ten- 
nessee river, near the mouth of Battle creek, after liard rains, 
they found it much swollen and the pontoon bridge broken 
in the middle — half being on each side of the river. The en- 
gineer otiicers in charge were at a loss what to do. At the 
suggestion of General Cheatham, Captain Carnes was placed 
in charge, and by his knowledge ot ropes, boats and water, 
acquired in the navy, he quickly replaced the broken bridge 
and the army passed over in safety. For this he was highly 
complimented by Generals Cheatham, Hardee, Walthall and 
others, who were anxious spectators of his work. The part 
that Carnes' Battery took at Chickamauga is a matter of liis- 
toi-y. In the fight of Saturday afternoon, Sejttember 19, it 



64 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

suffered terribly in men and horses killed and wounded, and 
when the supporting infantry fell back the guns fell into the 
hands of the Federals. They were retaken, however, soon 
after, by Brown's and Bates' Brigades of Stewart's Division. 
Of seventy-eight men, thirty-eight were killed and wounded, 
and the battery also lost forty-nine horses in the short en- 
gagement of Saturday. The recaptured guns, with carriages 
badly used up, were carried to the rear, across Chickamauga 
creek, and, the battery being unfit for service, the remaining 
men were temporarily assigned to other commands, Captain 
Carnes being ordered to report for staff duty with General 
Leonidas Polk, who was very fond of him. General Bragg 
rode over the ground Sunday morning, and complimented 
Captain Carnes very highly for his work. After the battle 
he was given thirty days' leave of absence to fit out a new 
batter}^ liaving been allowed the privilege of making his 
selection from the fifty-nine guns taken from the field of 
Chickamauga, and on his return to the army he was placed 
in command of a battalion of four batteries. He continued 
in command of the battalion attached to the division com- 
manded by General C. L. Stevenson until early in 1864, when, 
at Dalton, he was ordered to report for duty in the navy. He 
had been appointed to the regular Confederate States Navy, 
along with other ofiicers who resigned from the United States 
Navy at the beginning of the war, and while commanding his 
battery he was borne on the Confederate States Navy register 
as Lieutenant, but noted there as "furloughed without pay, 
serving with the army." Being ordered to Savannah. Ga., he 
became executive officer of the iron-clad "Savannah," and 
afterward commanded the steamer " Samson." In command 
of this latter vessel he was guarding the river above Savan- 
nah when that city fell into the enemy's hands, and he carried 
his boat up to Augusta on a very full river caused by heavy 
rains at that time; thence was ordered to Columbus, Ga., to 
assist in equipping an iron-clad there, and when that place 
fell he escaped and started to join Forrest; met Grierson's 
raid at Eufaula, Ala., went back to Smithville, Ga.; learned 
there that the army had surrendered, and then reported to 



CONFEDERATE lILSTOlilCAL ASyiJClATlON. 65 

Macon, Ga,, to be paroled on May 10, 1805. It was a i)lea8- 
ant place to him. Captain Oarnes returned to Memphis in 
June, 1865, and engaged in business here. In 18(30 he mar- 
ried in Macon, Ga.,and in the winter of 1807 he left Mem{)his 
to make his home in Macon. There he became actively con- 
nected Avith the local military, and was for many years cap- 
tain of the famous " Macon Volunteers," a crack company, 
whose organization dates back to 1825. In 1888 Captain 
Carnes returned to Mem})his, bringing witli liim quite a large 
family reared in Georgia, and engaged in business here. In 
the course of time he became captain of" Company A, Con- 
federate Veterans," which he now commands. At the Au- 
gust election, 1896, as the Democratic nominee, he was elected 
Sheriff of Shelby county under the most complimentary cir- 
cumstances and conditions, and is now filling that office to 
the great satisfaction of all law-abiding and respectable ele- 
ments of the community, who feel that they have in him a 
fearless, faithful and efficient public servant. He is a quiet, 
modest man, a good disciplinarian, without being a martinet, 
and enjoying the fullest confidence and respect of all the 
people. 

One of the memories of the war which Captain Carnes cher- 
ishes with commendable pride is the fact that General Forrest 
made special application for Carnes' assignment to his com- 
mand. In a communication addressed to Adjutant-Genei-al 
Cooper, at Richmond, General Forrest asked })ermission to 
leave the Army of Tennessee to come west and raise a com- 
mand for special [)urposes set forth. He desired only a force 
of four hundred men from his own command and a first -class 
battery of Dahlgren or Parrott guns, and he designated Cap- 
tain Carnes, then commanding a battery in Polk's Corps, as 
the artillery officer preferred by him. Ilis suggestions were 
not then approved, but thistlid not lessen the compliment to 
Captain Carnes. This correspondence begins on page 507, 
Series 1, volume 30, of the "Official War Records," as pul>- 
lished by the United States Government. 

Another pleasing memento, now old and faded, is a let- 
ter from his former brigade commander, General Marcus J. 
5 



SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 




CAPT. W. W. CARNES, 

In 1.S92. 



Wright, written December 20, 1863, to Captuin Cariies when 
he was about to leave the arnij in obedience to his orders for 
duty in the navy. Otlier highly prized letters from Generals 
Polk, Hardee and Cheatham were sent on to the Navy De- 
partment at Richmond, and were lost there. 

One of his great friends and admirers was old Colonel 01a- 
dowski, General Bragg's Chief of Ordnance. From the battle 
of Perryville on through its career, Carnes' Battery used large 
quantities of canister shot at close quarters. This accorded 
so well with Colonel Oladowski's notions that he called Carnes 
his " canister shot captain " and was ready to sound his praises 
on all occasions. 

In connection with this sketch we give two pictures of 
Captain Carnes. The tirst shows him as a young captain of 
artillery at the age of 21, the other as a citizen of Memphis 
thirty 3'ears later. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 67 

CARTER, A. B., Captain Company F, Sixtli N'ir^-inia Cav- 
alry, Army jSTorth Virginia; enlisted August, 1861, in the 
Black Horse Cavalry ; was afterward elected first lieutenant 
Company F ; was wounded five times — at Spottsylvania Court 
House, Winchester and in skirmishes in the Valley of Vir- 
ginia; was promoted to captaincy of Company F in iJ^do; 
lost an arm at Winchester October 9, 1864, and was unfitted 
by this and other wounds until the close of the war; ]»ai'oled 
from hospital May, 1865; is a native of Virginia, but lived 
in Mississippi at the outbreak of the war, and has lived in 
Memphis nearly twenty years. Joined the C. H. A. in 1895. 

CHEATHAM, Major JOHN A., born June 6, 1826, in 
a home overlooking a part of the old graveyard now in- 
cluded in South Nashville. He was the fifth of eleven chil- 
dren. There were three sons. General Frank, Felix and 
Jt)lin — the youngest. He was a son of Leonard 1*. Cheatham, 
who was postmaster at Nashville during President Polk's 
administration. His grandfatlier, Anderson Cheatham, with 
seven brothers were among the ver\' earh' settlers in Robert- 
son county, coming from Virginia. His mother, Elizabeth 
R., was granddaughter of the leader of the pioneer settle- 
ment on the "Blulfs,'" or "French Lick," now Nashville, 
General James Robertson. 

Most of his boj'hood was spent on a farm. He was not 
fond of books — did not graduate. At the age of 20 he became 
a planter in Arkansas; returned to take a clerkship in the 
Nashville postoffice under his father, during the Polk admin- 
istration ; was chief clerk for two years; returned to Arkansas 
and became a merchant. Being slightly lame from an acci- 
dent in childhood, he did not enter the Confederate service 
until 1862 ; then joined a company of the Eighteenth Arkan- 
sas Regiment at Little Rock. He says now (1896) that he 
did nothing very brilliant, but that his promotions were 
numerous and in quick succession. 

Reaching Fort Pillow he was made fourth sergeant ; next 
assigned to duty as adjutant. After the retreat from Corinth 
reported to General Cheatham and was made division ord- 



SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



nance officer with the rank of major ; was in the Kentucky 
campaign and at Chickamauga ; served as aide-de-camp on 
General Cheatham's staff on down to the surrender in North 
Carolina. After the war lived in Middle Tennessee and Mis- 
sissippi ; married for the first time in 1876 ; came to Memphis 
in 1882. Settled under his own vine and fig tree in a sub- 
urban village, joined the Confederate Historical Association, 
became a member of Company A, to which he still belongs, 
and is a fine type of the philosophic, entertaining Confed- 
erate veteran and old-time Southern gentleman. 

CRUMP, JAMES M., Captain Company B, Seventeenth 
Mississippi Regiment; was wounded four times — in the two 
days' fight in front of Richmond, Va., at Gettysburg, Pa., and 
twice at Chickamauga. In application he says : " I served 
with one command from beginning to end, and the only regret 
I have now is that we did not succeed in our undertaking." 
Admitted to C. H. A. October 9, 1894. 

CULBERSON, J. H., private Company C, Third South 
Carolina Cavalry ; enlisted March, 1864; was always in the 
same regiment. After the explosion of the mine at the crater 
in front of Petersburg, Va., the regiment was sent to South 
Carolina to meet Sherman's raid, and was surrendered at 
Salisbury, N. C, April 17, 1865. 

CUMMINS, HOLMES, was born 7th day of August, 1844, 
in Tipton county, Tenn. ; enlisted as a private in Company C,. 
Ninth Tennessee Infantry, May 24, 1861 ; served in Cheat- 
ham's Division under Bragg, Johnston and Hood ; he was 
wounded in the battles of Shiloh, Chickamauga, Resaca and 
Jonesboro; at close of the war was Adjutant of the Ninth 
Tennessee ; paroled May, 1865 ; afterward read law ; served 
two terms in the Legislature ; located in Memphis and became 
a very prominent lawyer, and died here October 24, 1896. 
His remains, in accordance with his instructions, were cre- 
mated in St. Louis and his ashes interred in the cemetery of 
his old home, Covington, Tennessee. He was one of the 
early members of this Association. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



69 




(iEN. JAMES R. CHALMERS. 



CHALMERS, JAMES 11., was born in Halifax county, 
Va., January 11, 1831 ; the oldest son of Hon. Jos. W. Chal- 
mers, who succeeded Robert J. AValker as United States Sen- 
ator from Mississippi. General Chalmers graduated with the 
second honors in the class of 1850 of the South Carolina Col- 
lege. Commenced the practice of law in Holly Springs, Miss., 
Avhere he resided from childhood, in January, 1853. In 1857 
he was elected district attorney of the Seventh Judicial Dis- 
trict of Mississippi. In 1860 was elected to the State Con- 
vention which declared the secession of Mississippi, and was 
■chairman of the committee on military aftairs in that body. 
When John Brown made his raid into Virginia General Chal- 
mers made a speech to the people at Hernando, declaring 
that it was time to prepare for war, and a com})any was then 
and there organized, of which he was elected captain, and 



70 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



this company he carried out on the tirst call for Confederate 
troops from Mississippi. In March, 1861, at Pensacola, Fla.,. 
he was elected colonel of the Ninth Mississippi Regiment. 
On the 12th of February, 1862, he was made a brigadier-gen- 
eral, and commanded the right brigade of Sidney Johnson's 
army at the battle of Shiloh, which got nearer to Pittsburg 
Landing than any other Confederate command in that engage- 
ment. He was wounded at the battle of Murfreesboro on 
Stone river, and after his recovery ordered to command ot" 
North Mississippi in 1863, where he commanded the cavalry 
until the arrival of General Forrest, when he took command 
of the First Division of Forrest's Cavalry, which position he 
held until the surrender. 

He was elected to Congress in 1876, 1878, 1880 and 1882. 
He is a resident of Mississippi, but has his law office in Mem- 
phis, Tenn., in partnership with W. H. Carroll, who com- 
manded his escort company when he took command of North 
Mississippi. 

CLEAR Y, JAMES, was born in Ireland January 22, 1844 ; 
came to this country with his parents when an infant; was 
left an orphan in Memphis, without brothers or sisters, at the 
age of 8 years. At the beginning of the war he ran off to 
follow the Memphis boys at Columbus, Ky. ; was rejected on 
account of youth, but on the 6th of April, 1861, he was sworn 
into Captain Marsh Patrick's Company II, One Hundred and 
Fifty-fourth Tennessee Regiment. He was with the com- 
mand and in all engagements until after the battle of Mis- 
sionary Ridge, when he was furloughed indefinitely and sent 
to the hospital at Montgomery, Ala., on account of a serious 
scalp trouble which threatened his eyesight. From thence lie 
passed through the lines and went to Hot Springs, where he 
remained some time and apparently recovered ; returned to 
the army, relapsed, went back to Hot Springs for a time, and 
was on his second return to the front when he heard of the 
surrender, and returned to what he called home. 

Comrade Cleary had no blood kin in Memphis when he 
went into the army and none when he returned. A gallant 
fireman offered to secure him a job, and soon afterward he 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOiaCAr. ASSOCIATION. 71 

became a member of tlie tire department and distinguished 
himself for coolness and bravery. In time bo became cliief, 
and filled the place with distinction foi' many years. In 1X84 
he was taken from this position by tiie lioard of Underwrit- 
ers and o;iven the important position of inspector, and lias 
filled it ever since. In all his life he has never had but four 
different employments, including his army service. This indi- 
cates his staying qualities, if he did run away once. He is 
quiet and modest, as he is courageous, and enjoys the implicit 
confidence of all who know him. 

During the war an uncle of whom he had never heard came 
to Memphis in a Federal regiment and inquired for liim ; he 
left his own address, away up in Massachusetts. After the 
war a pleasant correspondence ensued. The old uncle is alive 
yet, is some 80 odd years of age and draws a pension. 

Captain Cleary, as he became before he was "chief," is not 
without some of his own blood and kin liere now. He mar- 
ried after the war, and has an interesting family of nine chil- 
dren. He joined this Association soon after it came into 
existence and has been a regular atten(hint almost ever since, 
and has rendered much valuable service, especially on memo- 
rial or decoration occasions. 

COLE, EDMUND ANDERSON, was born in Giles county, 
Tenn., on the 5th day of December, 1824. His mother was 
Mary Anderson, the daughter of Colonel Robert Anderson 
and Mary Read. His father was David R. Cole, and his 
grandmother on his father's side was a Miss Wills. They 
were all Virginians, but his grandfather Anderson and his 
father moved to Kentucky at an early period. His mother 
was of Scotch and his father of English descent. Both of his 
grandfathers fought in the Revolution. 

He was licensed to practice law by Alexander M. Clayton 
of the High Court of Errors and Ap[)eals the day he was 21 
years old, but practiced only a short time, when he went to 
Mexico, being one of four brothers who enlisted in that war, 
one of whom fell a victim to disease and hardship incident 
to a soldier's life, and one other, now Dr. Robert A. Cole of 
Texas, was woundech In 1849 he crossed the plains to Cali- 



72 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



fornia and engaged in mining. On his return home by way 
of Panama he was shipwrecked and returned with five com- 
panions through Mexico and Texas to Holly Springs, Miss., 
where he became in a business way connected with the .North- 
ern Bank of Mississippi. Afterward he became engaged in 
planting on the Mississippi river and moved to Memphis in 
1857. In March, 1862, was elected and served as Captain of 
Maynard Rifles (Company L) in the One Hundred and Fifty- 
fourth Sr. Regiment, Tennessee Volunteers, and took part 
in the battles of Shiloh, Richmond, Ky., and Perryville. A 
complimentary notice of him and his company can be found in 
the tenth volume of the Government War Records. After the 
battle of Murfreesboro and the army had fallen back to Chat- 
tanooga, he was a member of one of Genei'al Bragg's court- 
martials, with the gallant General Carter as president, until 
his health became so impaired that he was unable to act. He, 
according to the opinion of army surgeons, was in so danger- 
ous a condition as to be liable to drop dead at any moment, 
having rheumatism of the heart, and was advised to resign, 
but refused for several months to do so. Finally, despairing 
of ever getting well, he tendered his resignation, which was 
accepted. He remained in Mississippi, however, until the 
surrender and then returned to his home in Memphis, where 
he found that he had been complimented with an indictment 
for treason. He is at present secretary of the Memphis Bar 
and Law Library Association, and is of himself a walking 
encyclopedia of war reminiscences and varied thrilling expe- 
riences in the far West and South. He was one of the earliest 
members of the old Confederate Relief and Historical Asso- 
ciation, but delicate health has prevented him from taking 
an active part. 

CROFFORD, J. A., was a private in Company D, McDon-, 
aid's Battalion, Forrest's old regiment; enlisted July, 1863, 
in Mississippi, but did not reach his regiment until Septem- 
ber following; was wounded once in a battle south of and 
near Columbia, Tenn. His parole and other papers were 
burned in his home. 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOIUCAL ASSOCIATION. 



73 




THOH. H. CHILTON, 
In 1861. 



CHILTOX, THOS. H., was born in Benton, now Calhoun 
county, Ala., and removed to Mississippi when a child with 
his father and grew up at Byhalia and Oxford. Enlisted in 
the Lamar Rifles under Captain Green early in 1861. The 
company was afterward Company G, Eleventli Mississippi 
Regiment. It went into Virginia in the spring, hut as young 
Chilton had been elected speaker for his (sophomore) class in 
the Universit}' of Mississippi he was induced to remain over 
for the commencement exercises, which never came otl". The 
war spirit was so high that the university was suspended and 
he soon joined his company at Bristow's Station, near Man- 
assas Plains, and was there sworn into the Confederate ser- 
vice July 7, 1861, at the age of 18 years. Ilis first entlistment 
was for twelve months. At the end of that time he re-en- 
listed for the war and on that account was given a thirty 
days' furlough. 



74 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

He served in Generals Bee's, Whitino^'s, Law's and Davis' 
Brigades, and in Joseph E. Johnston's, Stonewall Jackson's,. 
Long-street's, Hood's and A. P. Hill's Corps; was wounded at 
the battle of Seven Pines ; wound not serious enough to cause 
him to leave his company. The division in which he served 
was transferred to Stonewall Jackson's command in the Val- 
ley of Virginia and made the famous march in the valley 
and over Blue Ridge to the rear of McClellan's army, and was- 
again wounded in the battle of Gains' Mill on Frazer's farm ; 
still kept on with the comniiind and participated in the battle 
of Malvern Hill. The next battle he was in was tlie second 
battle of Manassas, in which he took part two days. He was 
under General Lee in his first and second invasions of Mary- 
land and Pennsylvania. 

On the first advance across the Potomac, when the army 
reached Hagerstown, Md., the quartermasters bought up all 
the shoes in the place. Only two pairs could be issued to his 
company. An inspection was made and he was selected as 
one of the two men sufi:ering most for shoes and was ffiven a 
light pair of gaiters, too large for his bleeding feet ; went on 
and was in the battle of Boonsboro and South Mountain. 
He was wounded a few days afterward at Sharpsburg, where 
twelve bullets passed through iiis clothes ; there he was given a 
sixty days' wounded furlough. 

An incident at Sharpsburg illustrates the dire extremities 
to which the young men of the South were often reduced in 
the field. After the first day's fight he was detailed with 
others to go out at night in search of food for the company. 
They found only green corn and raw Irish potatoes in a field 
between the lines, and the men gladly ate these rations with- 
out cooking them. Next day in the fight in the same field 
young Chilton fell wounded and had only two raw potatoes 
in his haversack. Such were some of the privations and suf- 
ferings of Southern soldiers who had been accustomed at 
home to all the comforts and luxuries that easy circumstances 
or wealth command. On the second advance into Pennsyl- 
vania he was at the battle of Gettysburg and was in nearly 
all the general and minor engagements in which the army of 
Northern Virginia participated for four years. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 




THUS. II. CI1ILT(JN, 
In 1890. 



Filially he was captured ia the last lig-jit at Petersbui'g 
down on the extreme ri^ht at daylight April 2, 1865. Before 
that he had been detailed as commissary of the regiment and 
properly could have kept out of the battle, but hearing tiiat 
one was coming on got a gun and lift}' rounds of aniniunition 
and went into it. After this he endured eleven weeks' harsh 
imprisonment at Fort Delaware and was released June 11^ 
1865. Box car transportation was furnished him to Ciiiro; 
he came down the river in a boat to Memphis and slej>t the 
tirst night, June 27th, on the ground at the Memphis & 
Charleston depot. Next morning, hungry and half fainting, 
he met an old negro named Newt Chilton, a former slave of 
his father, who was overjoyed to meet his "young master," 
as he still addressed him, and took him to a restaurant where 
he was employed and ordered tlie best in the house and gave 



76 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



the famished young soldier the first full meal he had touched 
in many months. 

He walked to Oxford through the country; returned to 
Memphis the same summer; became employed in a leading 
drug house on Main street; was admitted as a member of the 
iirtn six years later and has been so connected and actively 
engaged ever since. He has other interests, and for several 
years past has been president of one of the largest financial 
institutions of the city. Has been a member of the Confeder- 
ate Relief and Historical Association and its successor since 
the first organization, and is a member of the Central Method- 
ist Church ; was married to Miss Blanche M. Blair of this city 
December 13, 1871, and they have two living children, a son 
and daughter. 

COLLIER, DABNEY W.,born in Haywood county,Tenn., 
February 20, 1841, and came from Revolutionary ancestry on 
all sides. He left the sophomore class at school to join the Blnft' 
City Grays under Captain James H. Edmondson. The com- 
pany was splendidly armed and equipped. The officers were : 
James H. Edmondson, Captain ; Chris Sherwin, First Lieu- 
tenant; John R. J. Creighton, Second Lieutenant; Phil. T. 
Allin, Brevet Second Lieutenant; Thomas F. Patterson, First 
Sergeant; John H, Mitchell, Second Sergeant; L. A. Spicer, 
Third Sergeant; M. R. Marshall, Fourth Sergeant; W. J. P. 
Doyle, First Corporal ; R. H. Flournoy, Second Corporal ; 
James McClain, Third Corporal; R. J. Eyrich, Fourth Cor- 
poral. In April, 1861, the company fully equipped filed into 
Court Square to receive a beautiful fiag presented with a 
patriotic and eloquent address by Mrs. Judge Dixon, after 
which the boys marched away under a sbower of bouquets 
and adieus. 

Chris Sherwin, the First Lieutenant, was a finely drilled 
soldier, an ex-member of Ellsworth's famous Zouaves, and 
possessed that peculiar faculty and magnetism to impart his 
instruction to others. 

D. W. Collier entered active service with his company, 
which was placed with the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth, as 
Company B, May 5, 1861, at Randolph, and took part in the 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 77 

battle of Belmont ; was on outpost duty with Preston Smitli's 
Brigade at Purdy, Tennessee, and participated in the battle of 
Shiloh. At the end of twelve months the company reorgan- 
ized as sharpshooters for General Preston Smith's Brigade 
and moved with the brigade to Chattanooga. The brigade 
was here detached and with Cleburne's Brigade formed a 
division, commanded by Brigadier-General Cleburne, and 
was engaged in the battle of Richmond, Ky., August 31, 
1862, and was with the command which threatened Covington^ 
Ky.; rejoined the Army of Tennessee at Ilarrodsburg, Ivy., 
returning to former division (Cheatham's) in time to take 
part in the battle of Perry ville ; was in the battle of Murfrees- 
boro December 31, 1862, and January 1 and 4,1863, in which 
Lieutenants John Creighton and Albert Bunch were killed, 
after which W. J. P. Boyle and Dabney W. Collier were 
elected to till the two vacancies, at Shelbyville. The com- 
pan}^ was mounted and transferred to the cavalry service 
Januar3^15, 1863, and placed in the Eleventh Tennessee, com- 
manded by Colonel James H. Edmondson. 

Lieutenant Collier took part in the following engagements^ 
after being mounted : Thompson's Station, Tenn., March 4, 
1863 ; Brentwood, Tenn., Davis's iMill, April 5, 1863 ; Frank- 
lin, Tenn., Leighton, Ala., Day's Gap, Ala., April 30 ; Town 
Creek, Ala., Triune, Tenn., in May: Harpeth river, in May; 
Triune, Tenn., Franklin and near Franklin June 26; Tulla- 
homa, Tenn., July 1, 1863; Gordon's Mill, Ga., Sep'tcmbor 
13,1863; Chickamauga, Tenn., September 19 and 20; Mis- 
sion Ridge, Tenn., September 21 ; Charleston and Athens, 
Tenn., September 26. After the engagement of the 21st at 
Mission Ridge General Forrest was ordered with his com- 
mand into East Tennessee, and had much hard fighting. 
iS^ear Athens a shell struck Lieutenant Collier's left ankle 
and passed through his horse, exploding at the same time. 
The horse fell on Collier's right leg. Phil. Mallon,a member 
of the company, pulled the animal off" and it immediately 
expired. The wounded man was taken to a farm house, 
where, after the fight was over. General Forrest and staff* 
made headquarters that night. September 26, 1863, Lieuten- 



78 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



ant Collier's leg was amputated just below the knee, General 
Forrest assisting to hold him. The general mauifested great 
sympathy and sent the young man back to Cleveland in his 
private ambulance ; thence he was sent to the hospital at 
Marietta, Ga., and rapidly recuperated. As a matter of his- 
tory it may be mentioned here that two weeks after this 
event Major McDonald was killed at the battle of Farming- 
ton. Captain Phil. Allin succeeded him, T. F. Patterson 
became captain and W. J. P. Doyle was made adjutant. 

Lieutenant Collier has lived in and near Memphis since 
the war and became a member of this Association many 
years ago. 

COLLIER, C. M., is a native of Hampton, Va. His first 
service was with Commodore Pendergrast, on the frigate 
Columbia, having joined the navy at the age of 16. Later he 
served under Commodore Barron on the frigate Wabash on 
the Mediterranean station. Upon his return home he was 
transferred to the coast survey service commanded by Captain 
John X. Maffitt, who during the civil war commanded the 
Confederate steamship Florida. 

When the war opened Captain Collier was in command of 
the coast survey schooner Yarina, in Xew York harbor. He 
repaired to Richmond and was commissioned lieutenant in 
the Confederate States Marine Corps, but was soon after 
transferred to the regular army as lieutenant of artillery 
and placed in command of Fort Powhatan on James river. 
He participated in the first battle of Bull Run as aid to 
General Joseph E. Johnston and remained with the army of 
Northern Virginia until made Superintendent of the Powder 
Works at Augusta, Ga. ; was next with General Stephen D. 
Lee in the ordnance department, and when paroled in Geor- 
gia he had attained the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He mar- 
ried a Georgia lady and since the war has lived in Memphis. 
He became a member of this Association at an early day in 
its history. 

CLUSKEY, M. W., Captain and A. A. I. G., and after- 
ward A. A. G. of Preston Smith's Brigade ; was severely 
wounded in the Georgia campaign, and never entirely recov- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 79 



ered ; was elected by soldiers in tlie Army of Tennessee to 
tlie Confederate Congress iit Kichniond in Auijnst, 18()4, :ind 
served there until the end of the war. Afterward was one 
of the editors of the Avalanche for a year or tAvo ; also edited 
a y>aper in Louisville, Ky.; married there, and died some 
years afterward in the 70s. Was proposed for membership 
by Colonel John W. Dawson of this Association and elected 
February 3, 1870. 

COX, J. J., born March 1, 1848, in Washiiiii-ton county. 
Miss., sent to the University of Mississippi, at Oxford, and 
was there when the war broke out. He tried to enlist, but 
was rejected on account of his youth. June 22, 1862, he 
enlisted in Company D, Twentj'-eighth Mississippi Cavalry, 
and was in all the campaigns of his command until the 30th 
of November, 1863, when discharged. While a member of 
Com^tany I) he was frequently complimented by his officers 
and mentioned in general orders. Both General S. W. 
Ferguson and Major-General W. T. Martin requested that he 
be commissioned and assigned to duty on their staffs, but 
was rejected on account of his youth. He re-entered the 
army and was assigned to the secret service. He made a trip 
into Vicksburg, staying a week at the headquarters of Gen- 
eral George B. McPherson ; going up to Memphis he was 
arrested and ordered to prison in the " Irving Block," but 
escaped on the street, ran into the old Worsham Hotel and 
was secreted by a young lady. Making his way to the trans- 
Mississippi he served one year on the staff of Brevet-Brigadier 
General O. P. Lyles, by whom he was promoted to lirst 
lieutenant for loading a forlorn hope, and was assigned to 
duty as Acting Adjutant of the Twenty-third Arkansas Light 
Infantry. In January, 1865, he resigned and was appointed 
master's mate in the navy by Commodore Robinson, in com- 
mand at Mobile, Ala., and assigned to the Alabama, l)ut 
tinding the blockade of Mobile impassable he rejoined his 
old company in the Twenty-eighth Mississippi Cavalry. As 
General Forrest was about to surrender he ran away to avoid 
being paroled, and returned home. Soon after the close of 
the war he went to Frankfort, Ky., and entered the Kentucky 



80 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



Military Institute, where he linished his education. He then 
went to planting cotton on his father's old plantation in 
Washington county, Miss.; remained until 1873, when he 
went to Dallas, Texas. In 1874 he joined the Texas State 
service as a private in the First Infantry ; was soon pro- 
moted to first lieutenant and captain, in which rank he served 
until 1878, when he was promoted by Governor R. B, Hub- 
bard, and the appointment was confirmed by an election 
by the otficers, to be colonel of the Third Infantry, Texas 
State Troops. In 1878 he obtained leave of absence and 
joined the Mexican revolution against Diaz, holding the rank 
of colonel of cavalry. While serving in Mexico he lost his 
wife, who died at Greenville, Miss., with 37ellow fever. He 
then resignefl his commission in the Texas service and returned 
to cotton planting on his grandfather's old plantation in 
Washington county. Miss. In 1885 he went to Marion, Crit- 
tenden county. Ark., and became the editor of the Marion 
Reform newspaper. In 1895 sold out and settled in Memphis. 
In 1885 he joined the ISTational Guards, State of Arkansas, 
as first lieutenant, was promoted to captain in 1891, and at 
present holds that rank, being Captain of Company E, Second 
Regiment, Infantry. Captain Cox is in business in Memphis. 
He joined this Association in June, 1896, and accompa- 
nied Company A, Confederate Veterans, to the reunion at 
Richmond. He was in the cast of the drama of " Johnson's 
Island," a war play written by Colonel C. W. Frazer and 
produced successfully both in Memphis and Richmond, he 
taking the part of General Trimble. 

DAWSON", JOHN W., Lieutenant-Colonel One Hundred 
and Fifty-fourth Tennessee; entered the service in April, 
1861, and served for four years when not incapacitated by 
wounds. Admitted to membership in this Association July 
15,1870; was a wholesale merchant; served as Vice-Presi- 
dent and as Secretary of this Association, but lived only a 
few years afterward, as he never fully recovered from his 
wounds; was married, but left no children. The universal 
testimony of his men and comrades was that a more gallant 
man never lived. 



CONFEDERATE 1II8T()|{K'AJ. ASSOCIATION. 



81 




rAl'T. JAMES DIXKIXS. 



DIXKINS, JxWlES, was born iiesir Canton, in Madison 
county, Miss , April 18, 1845. In 1800 was sent by bis par- 
ents to tbe Xortii Cai'olina Military Institute at Charlotte, 
from which place be enlisted with about 190 otlier cadets tor 
six months in the First North Carolina Reginient. which was 
organized at Raleigh April 11, 18(51, with J). II. Hill as col- 
onel. Served in that regiment until term of enlistment 
expired, having participated m the first battle of the war, 
"Big Bethel;" joined Company C, Eighteenth Mississippi 
Regiment, Griftitlrs Brigade (subsequently Barksdale's and 
Humphries') ; served as private in Company C until April 22, 
1863. Took part in all tbe battles in which the regiment 
was engaged, including Leesburg, Gain's Mill, Malvern Hill, 
6 



SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



Harper's Ferry, Sharpsbarg and Fredericksburg. He was 
appointed first lieutenant of cavalry in the Confederate States 
army April 22, 1863. The appointment was made at the 
request of General Sims of Georgia. The latter was wounded 
at Sharpsburg some distance in advance of the line. Young 
Dinkins ran to his assistance and succeeded in getting him 
under cover, which circumstance attracted General Sim's 
attention. 

During his term of service in the Eighteenth Mississippi 
he was known by the title of " Little Horse,'" because he never 
broke down on the march, nor was he ever sick during the 
war; was always cheerful and ready to play a joke on the 
others. After appointment in the regular army was ordered 
by the President to report to General J. R. Chalmers, com- 
manding the troops in North Mississippi. After reporting to 
General Chalmers he was appointed to staff duty, in which 
capacity he served until the battle of Nnshville, when he was 
assigned to Company C, Eighteenth Mississippi Cavalry, and 
commanded that company at the close of the war. Was with 
General Chalmers in all the exciting and daring movements 
under General Forrest, from Fort Pillow, Okolona, Harris- 
burg, Brices Cross Roads, Paris Landing, Johnsonville, Col- 
umbia, Spring Hill, Franklin on to Nashville. 

Married in November, 1866, to Miss Sue Hart of Canton, 
Miss., and has two children, boy and girl. On his maternal 
side is related to the Davidsons, Baxters, Bvevards, Springs, 
Myers and Bleeckers of North Carolina. On the paternal 
side to the Hendersons, Craigs, Spotswoods (" Cousin Sally 
Dillard"), Jones, Kendricks, Greers and Blockwoods. His 
great great-grandfather commanded a regiment in the Revo- 
lution, which assisted in driving the British from Mecklen- 
burg City. Since the war has been connected with railroad 
interests. 

DASHIELL, GEORGE, enlisted as a private in Company 
B, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee, April 28, 1861; 
became paymaster of Cheatham's Division, and served as such 
until the spring of 1863 ; was then ordered by the w^ar depart- 
ment to report to General N. B. Forrest, and served with him 



- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 83 

as chief paymaster of his corps until tlie surrender at Gaines- 
ville, Ahi. Was paroled May 9, 1865, and was one of the 
early members of tliis Association. 

DAVIS, ISAAC N., Major on General Forrest's staff; 
entered the service February 28, 1861 ; paroled May, 1865. 
Proposed for membership by W. A. Goodman, W. D. Strat- 
ton and J. H. Erskine, and elected April 28, 1870. 

DeSAUSSURE, CHARLES A., born in Beaufort District, 
S. C, September 21, 1846; of Franco-Swiss descent on pater- 
nal side and English stock on maternal side. Enlisted Octo- 
ber, 1862, in Beaufort Volunteer Artillery (continuous organ- 
ization since 1800) at Pocotaligo, S. C, Captain II. M. Stuart 
commanding. This battery was then attached to Walker's 
Brigade, in charge of the lower coast defenses of South Caro- 
lina, the special object being to defeat the determined eftbrts 
of the Federal forces, under Admiral Farragut, to cut the 
Charleston & Savannah Railroad, the base line between those 
two cities. The battery participated in the battles of Poco- 
taligo, Honey Hill, Tullifinny, Averysboro, Smithfield and 
Bentonville, besides numerous minor engagements. It also 
took part in the coast defenses at Adams Run and on John 
iind James Islands before Charleston. After leaving the coast 
before Sherman, the battery was incorporated into Burnet 
Rhett's Battalion of Artillery, Hardee's Corps, A. P. Hill's 
Divison, Johnston's army, and was finally paroled at Greens- 
boro, N. C, in May, 1865. 

Mr. DeSaussure has been engaged in the railroad passenger 
service since the war, and at this writing (1896) is General Pas- 
senger Agent of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad and lo- 
cated at Memphis, Tenn.; joined this Association several years 
ago and became a member of Company A, Confederate Vete- 
rans, and has since been an active and most valued member; 
was with the company at Chattanooga in 1895 and at Richmond 
in June-July, 1896, on which occasion he not only slept in 
the barracks on the straw with " the boys '' and marched 
with them in the grand procession, but looked after their 
interests in various ways, and secured for them and the ladies 



84 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

in attendance from Memphis through transit each way with- 
out change in the quickest possible time — thus showing that 
he is thoroughly practical as well as in sympathy with com- 
rades and friends. 

DICKINSON, J. E., First Lieutenant Company K, Forty- 
seventh Virginia Regiment, Army of North Virginia ; enlisted 
July, 1861; was wounded three times at Seven Pines, lost 
his right arm at Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 18H2, and 
was oiFered a discharge, but preferred to remain and perform 
light duty in the enrolling service at Richmond ; was First 
Lieutenant of President Jefi'erson Davis' Guards when he 
left Richmond and went with him as far as Abbeville, S. C. 
Paroled May, 1865. Admitted to Confederate Historical As- 
sociation March 15, 1895. 

DICKSON, BARTON, Captain Company A, Sixteenth 
Alabama Regiment ; enlisted May, 1861 ; was under Zollicof- 
fer in the early part of the war. Paroled May, 1865. 

DONELSON, R. S., private Company H, Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee ; enlisted April, 1862 ; was wounded at Chickamauga 
and permanently disabled ; was furloughed to the hospital^ 
where lie remained unable to do active duty until the close 
of the war ; paroled May, 1865, in Memphis. Admitted to the 
Confederate Historical Association April 14, 1896. 

DOUGLASS, C. A., private Company E, North Mississippi 
Regiment; enlisted March 27, 1861 ; was wounded the 23d 
day of August, 1864, at Abbeville, Miss., and paroled the 11th 
day of May, 1865. Joined this Association some years ago, 

DOUGLASS, I. E., was at first a private in Company I,. 
First Tennessee Cavalry, but does not remember exact date 
of enlistment. Went out with Captain M. J. Wicks ; later 
W51S under Captain Jackson ; still later under Captain A. C. 
Bettis;was elected or promoted to third lieutenant April,, 
1862. Later was promoted to captain and assistant quar- 
termaster and assigned to duty with Wharton's Regiment^ 
afterward Harrison's. Then promoted to rank of major and 
assistant quartermaster Wharton's Division, Wheeler's Corps^ 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 85 

but never received u commission as major. Paroled May 10, 
1865. Became a member of this Association at an early day. 

DROESCHEK, A. R., entered the service as a private May 
8, 1861, in Forrest's old regiment; paroled May 12, 1865, 
after fighting all through the war. Entered this Association 
upon his own motion July 15, 1870. Died some years ago in 
Memphis. 

DuBOSE, J. J., was born in Shelby county, Tenn., educated 
in the schools of this county and cit}', and at the Cumberland 
University at Lebanon, where he took a full course of law. 
Enlisted early in the war in the Ninth Arkansas Regiment; 
was in Bowen's Brigade, and was in active service at and 
around Columbus, Ky. ; was at Feliciana, passed through 
Nashville and on down tlie line to the battle of Shiloh. After 
that was transferred to General Ilindnian in the Trans-Mis- 
sissippi Department, with rank of first lieutenant; was pro- 
moted to captain and made chief inspector and ordnance 
officer for the Department of North Arkansas and the Indian 
Territor}". He participated actively in the Banks campaign, 
and was in the last battle at Yellow Bayou. After that he 
was with General Magruder and rendered special service ; 
was sent into the Federal lines several times to obtain infor- 
mation. The last time he came out to find that the surrender 
had taken }»lace. Returning to what had been lieadquarters, 
he found all deserted and he the only soldier left. He was 
never captured, wounded or paroled. After the wai* he came 
to Memphis, practiced law, edited the Public Ledger for a year 
or two, resumed the law again, took an active part in local 
politics, and was elected to the State Senate and served one 
term. Married a Miss Polk of Columbia, Tenn. Served one 
term as Judge of the Criminal Court, and returned to the 
practice of law, in which he is now (1896) actively and suc- 
cessfully engaged. He became a member of the Confederate 
Historical Association duly 1, 1869. 

DUFF, WILLIAM L., entered the service in May, 1861, 
and remained four years ; was successively Captain, Major 
and Lieutenant-Colonel of the Seventeenth Mississippi In- 



SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



fantry and afterward raised and was Colonel of the Eighth 
Mississippi Cavalry in 1863, and was in Chalmers's brigade^ 
Forrest's command. Became a member of this Association 
May 26, 1870. 

DUNN, W. C, enlisted March 28, 1861, as a private in 
Company C, Ninth Mississippi Regiment, for twelve months,' 
mustered out of service at Grand Junction in April, 1862;. 
joined Company G, Fourth Mississippi Cavalry in July, 1862. 
Surrendered and paroled at Gainesville, Ala., May 12, 1865. 

DUPUY, JOHN J., enlisted as a private in the Shelby 
Grays of Memphis, from which, it is said, there were more 
officers commissioned than there were names on the original 
roll. This became Company A, Fourth Tennessee Infantr}^ 
whose first battle was Belmont. J. J. Dupuy was in that and 
in most of the battles of the Army of Tennessee, and received 
w^ounds enough to have killed half a dozen men ordinarily. 
At Shiloh he received a minnie ball in the right arm while 
on the skirmish line after his regiment had captured a seven- 
gun battery. He was in the battle of Perryville, and at 
Camp Dick Robinson was detailed as aide-de-camp on the 
staff of Colonel Strahl, commanding brigade, and served in 
that capacity until after the battle of Murfreesboro. At Shel- 
byville he was commissioned Adjutant of Rapley's Battalion 
of Sharp Shooters from Arkansas, composed of 400 men. 
He reached the command at Bayou Fere on the retreat in 
front of Grant, and was in the battle of Baker's Creek and 
Big Black Bridge, and then was locked up in the siege of 
Vicksburg, during which he received a flesh wound from a 
shell one night during a sortie. At the surrender of Vicks- 
burg he was the senior lieutenant of the only two officers of 
the battalion left and turned over a roll of forty men. When 
Lieutenant Dupuy's parole expired he returned to his old 
command, became aide-de-camp to General Strahl, and wa& 
with him in close touch to the end of his military life. At 
the battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864, Lieutenant Dupuy was 
wounded three times by a volley from sharp-shooters, and 
lingered between life and death for months. Went to Vir- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. «7 

giuia on crutches; lieard the lust guns lired by Lee's army, 
and was paroled at Lynchburg. 

Afterward lived in Bolivar, Tenn., and served two terms 
(sixteen years) as attorney-general of iiis district; came to 
Memphis in 1886, and has since practiced law here. lie 
comes of illustrious Hugenot ancestry; was a typical, high- 
toned soldier and is yet a sentimental Confederate, and lias 
expressed a desire to be buried as his two soldier brothers 
were, in a phiin, simple, unostentatious style. He was ad- 
mitted to this Association May 4, 1895. 

DWYER, JOHN, born June 21, 1840, in Limerick, L-eland. 
Enlisted in Company L, Fifteenth Tennessee, Colonel Chas. 
CarroUs' Regiment, April 10, 1861, and was elected first lieu- 
tenant ; served in Bushrod Johnston's Brigade ; was wounded 
in battles of Shiloh and Kenesaw Mountain ; captured at 
Kenesaw June 21, 1864, and released 16th of February, 1865 ; 
paroled April, 1865 ; bus since lived in Shelby county, Tenn. 
Is a member of this Association. 

EDMONDSON, E. A., enlisted in April, 1861, in the Bluff 
City Grays, Forrest's Regiment; served through the war and 
was paroled at Gainesville, Ala., May, 1865. Admitted to 
this Association December 9, ] 890. 

ELAM, E. E., private Company A, Eleventh Texas; en- 
listed April or May, 1861 ; was crippled by a fall of his horse 
at Chickamauga ; furloughed January 15, 1865, in South Car- 
olina to come home and recruit ; returned on horseback to 
South Carolina and met his company, which had been sur- 
rendered and was coming home ; paroled at Grenada, Miss., 
May, 1865. Admitted to C. H. A. March 10, 1896. 

ELAM, W. S., enlisted November 18, 1861, in Jones' Bat- 
tery ; after the twelve months' service expired became a 
member of Company I, Second Kentucky Cavalry, Morgan's 
command; was wounded at Green River Bridge; captured 
at Mill Creek, Ohio, and released from prison after the sur- 
render. Admitted to C, H. A. July 17, 1895. 



SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



ELCAN, ARCHIBALD LIEBIG,boi-n near Belmont,Fay- 
ette county, Tenu., October 20, 1844. George Hooper Elcan, 
his father, was born in Buckingliam county, Va., in 1800, and 
removed to West Tennessee in 1819. locating in Fayette 
county, where he died in 1855. A. L. Elcan received his 
early education in the neighborhood schools and at the Tipton 
Male High School at Covington, Tenn.; was mustered into 
the Confederate service in Captain Sam. T. Taylor's Company 
of Cavalry in March, 1862, before he was 18 years old. and 
served as private secretary for Captain Taylor until trans- 
ferred to Company B, Seventh Regiment Tennessee Cavalry; 
was with this regiment in all the campaigns under Colonel 
W. H. Jackson (afterward general) and Generals Armstrong 
and A^an Born in West Tennessee and iSTorth Mississippi until 
the early part of 1863, when, together with Company B, he 
was detached for special service at Major-General Boring's 
headquarters, and took part in all the operations under Gen- 
eral Boring looking to the relief of Vicksburg. and in the 
siege of Jackson, Miss., and the retreat of the army from 
Jackson to Meridian; rejoined the Seventh Tennessee Regi- 
ment in February, 1864, and followed General IST. B. Forrest 
in his campaigns to the close of the w:ir; w^as wounded by 
the side of General Forrest at Prairie Mound, Miss,, February 
22, 1864, in a charge on the enemy, led in person by General 
Forrest on foot, his horse having been shot a few minutes 
before; was appointed First Sergeant Company B on night 
of June 9, 1864, in place of Sergeant W. jST. Mason, who was 
killed, leaving the company without a muster roll, which 
necessitated a hard night's work for him to make a roster of 
the company and get everything ready by daybreak, when 
they were ordered forward to Brices Cross Roads; was with 
the company in Middle Tennessee under Generals Forrest and 
Hood in the advance to and retreat from Nashville ; made a 
midnight search alone and rescued a detachment of Company 
B from a perilous position right under the enemy's line around 
Nashville. There was great rejoicing in the company when 
they were brought in. Continued with the company on the 
retreat from Nashville until his horse was shot in an engage- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 89 

nieiit with the enemy at liichlaiul creek; then made liis way 
to the rear, crossed Tennessee river and rejoined the conii)any 
in time to go with the command to Selma, Ala. lie and 
Lieutenant H. T. Sale of Company B were ordered to close 
up the rear by General Wirt Adams, which they did, and 
surrendered with the company at Gainesville, Ala., in 1865. 

After the war he read medicine, took a full college course, 
iind practiced in Tipton county; served as a member of the 
Legislature, was also a justice of the peace, and belonged to 
several medical societies. Removed to Memphis in 1888 and 
has since practiced here successfully, and joined the C. H. A. 
several years ago. Has written much for the medical papers 
and the daily and weekly press. He was married November 
4, 1869, to Miss Bettie Taylor, daughter of Dr. Joshua Swayne 
of Carroll county, Tenn. Their children are Joshua Swayne, 
Lucy Elizabeth, l^athaniel Henry, Rosalie Eva and Pauline 
Thompson Elcan. 

ELDRIDGE, J. W., entered the army as private in the 
"Beauregards," Captain W. Y. C. Humes, April 12, 1861, 
and continued in the service un.til the surrender in 1865. 
Governor Harris soon after his enlistment as private appointed 
him one of the three General Assistant Quartermasters of 
the State, and ordered him to report for duty to General B. F. 
Cheatham in May, 1861, at Union City, Tenn. He assumed 
the duties assigned, but soon resigned the place and sought 
more congenial service in the lield. Was commissioned cap- 
tain of artillery by the Secretary of War, and ordered to raise 
a battery a'nd report to General Albert Sydney Johnston for 
duty. This he did, and joined the Confederate forces at Bowl- 
ing, Green, Ky. After the retreat from Kentucky, his com- 
mand followed the Army of Tennessee and participated in 
all of its campaigns. Resigned his captaincy in December, 
1862, at Shelby ville, in fovor of his nephew, Eldridge Wright, 
who lost his life in the battle of Murfreesboro. Was then 
appointed major of artillery and ordered to rejiort for duty 
to General A. P. Stewart at Shelbyville ; was chief of the 
artillery of his division and was acting with him in that 
■capacity until he was promoted to command of another corps 



90 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

ill 1864, after be had participated in the great conflict at 
Chickamauga, and the signal engagement and victory at 
New Hope Church, in the Georgia campaign. This hist con- 
flict was the most desperately contested one during the war. 
Stewart's Division of 2900 men repulsed and drove from the 
field Hooker's entire corps of 11,000 men, who vainly endeav- 
ored to penetrate Johnston's line of march and cut the Con- 
federates in two. The artillery did the most eftective work 
on that occasion. It remained right in the ranks with the 
infantry and did havoc at close fire for two hours, giving^ 
confidence and encouragement to the boys on all sides. Gen- 
eral Sherman, in bis " Memoirs of the War,'' says the Fede- 
ral soldiers called the fight at New Hope Church by the 
euphonious name of " Hell's Hole." A-^erily, it was well 
named. Major Eldridge's loss there was sixty-five men and 
sixty-five horses killed and wounded, and not a charge of 
ammunition was left in the boxes. Major Eldridge distin- 
guished himself on many occasions. After tlie war he prac- 
ticed law in Memphis, and now makes his home in Missis- 
sippi. He became a member of the Confederate Historical 
Association October 14, 1890. 

ELLIOTT, GEORGE B., private Company G, Twelfth 
Kentucky Infantry, entered service May 16, 1861, and retired 
May 16, 1865. Proposed by W. J. Pollard and elected a 
member of this Association March 20, 1870. 

ELLIOTT, C. S., private Company A., Fourth Tennessee,, 
enlisted April, 1861 ; was wounded at Shiloh and at New 
Hope Church and was discharged in June, 1862, for disabil- 
ity, caused by the wound ; was reinstated in Ballentine's Reg- 
iment September, 1862 ; was totally disabled by the wound at 
New Hope Church for the rest of the war ; reported daily at 
hospital ; paroled June 6, 1865. Admitted to the Confederate 
Historical Association May 4, 1895. 

ELLIS, W. W., Sergeant Company C, Thirteenth Tennes- 
see Infantry; enlisted December, 1861; wounded at Mur- 
freesboro and Atlanta; paroled April 13, 1865, at Augusta, 
Ga. Admitted to Confederate Historical Association March 
10, 1896. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 91 

ENGLISH, KICHARI) T., joined the Confederate Relief 
and Historical Association Jnly 1, 1869, and died in this city 
October 13, 1871. He was a man of noble impulses and uni- 
versally popular in all circles. He resided in this city for 
six years previous to his death, and it may be safely asserted 
that he had more genuine friends than most newspaper work- 
ers among all of the list, being liked not only by liis personal 
intimates, but also by those who served opposition journals. 
Captain English was a native of Chester county. Pa.; born 
July 4, 1832 ; attended college in Wisconsin and removed to 
Natchez, Miss., with his father and family in 1852. He was 
there engaged in civil engineering until the war began. In 
April, 1861, he was third lieutenant of the Quitman Artillery, 
and three months later was unanimously chosen its captaiiTT 
Served a year at Mobile and Pensacola under General Bragg, 
then raised a battery of light artillery at JSTatchez, Miss. At 
Port Hudson Captain English was appointed provost mar- 
shal, but he operated his battery in all of the engagements 
about that place until he was captured in 1863, when he was 
sent to Camp Chase, Ohio. Before his capture he had been 
promoted to a lieutenant-colonelcy of artillery and was on his 
way to serve under Kirby Smith when taken prisoner. One 
of his daring exploits was to place his battery on the bluffs 
at Ellis Cliffs, some twenty miles below Natchez, to tire on 
passing war ships compelled to move close along shore, owing 
to the nature of the river channel. On one occasion he used 
a Maynard rifle while in ambush half way down the side of 
the cliff to fire upon an officer occupying the quarter deck of 
a big ship, supposing it to be Commodore Farragut, as he 
wore a red sash of command at the time. The officer was 
hit and fell from the chair upon which he was seated. A 
broadside from the ship sent cannon shot and shell into the 
bluff at the feet of Captain English, which seemingly raised 
the side of the cliff as if a mine had been sprung. When 
Captain English died his funeral was attended by the Masonic 
brotherhood, of which he was a worthy member. Few can 
count upon as many and as lasting friendships as Captain 
English. His sense of honor was the highest. He was incap- 



92 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



able of selfishness, and in his intercourse with all, his manners 
were most genial, prompted by a heart filled to overflowing 
with the milk of human kindness. 

ERSKINE, Dr. JOHN H., was Chief Surgeon of the Army 
of Tennessee on the stafiT of General Joseph E. Johnston at 
the surrender in North Carolina and was one of the original 
charter members of this Association. In the great epidemic 
of 1878 he fell a martyr to a high sense of duty that others 
might live. A more extended sketch will be found in the 
second part of this book. 

ERMAN, L. W., entered the Confederate service at New 
Orleans April 6, 1861, and was commissioned first lieutenant 
of First Louisiana Infantry and detailed on recruiting service. 
At the expiration of his commission he joined the Twenty- 
eighth Mississippi Regiment at Jackson, Miss. 

ESTES, L. H., was a private in Company A, Sixth Battal- 
ion of Tennessee Cavalrj^, and served until the close of the 
war. He is now serving his second term as Judge of the 
First Circuit Court of Shelby County, having been re-elected 
at the last August election. Became a member of this Asso- 
ciation in 1885. 

FARABEE, BENJ. F., First Sergeant Company H, Thir- 
teenth Tennessee Regiment; enlisted June 4, 1861 ; was in 
the battles of Shiloh, Richmond, Perrj'ville, Murfreesboro, 
Missionary Ridge, Chickamauga, Marietta, Atlanta, and in all 
the Georgia campaign; also in the battles of Franklin and 
Nashville; was wounded at Nashville and also slightly at 
Franklin ; captured December 16, 1864, and released June 
22, 1865. Admitted to the Confederate Historical Associa- 
tion October 8, 1895. 

FARRER, CHAS. SMITH, enlisted in 1861 as a private 
in the Ninth Tennessee Infantrj^ ; served under Generals 
Bragg, Hood, Johnston and Patton Anderson ; was at Pensa- 
cola and Cumberland Gap ; was wounded in battles of Cum- 
berland Gap, Perry ville and Chickamauga; was captured at 
Perryville and exchanged at Vicksburg. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 93 

FARRIS, O. B., was Captain of Company K, Second Ten- 
nessee Regiment, Bell's Brigade, Forrest's Cavalry, and served 
until the end of the war as such. Paroled in May, 1865. 

FARROW, G. F., born in 1842, in Marshall county, Miss.; 
removed to Tennessee when 11 years old; enlisted at Ger- 
mantown April 20, 1861, in Company C, Thirteenth Tennes- 
see Regiment; was in the battle of Belmont, and soon after 
was transferred to McDonald's Battalion, Forrest's old regi- 
ment; was in all the important lights in which that regiment 
took part; w^as captured at Britton's Lane, Tenn., and ex- 
changed ten days later; remained in the command to the 
end and was surrendered and paroled at Gainesville, Ala., in 
May, 1865. Has since lived near Memphis ; joined the Con- 
federate Historical Association June 13, 1894. llis brother, 
John P. Farrow, in the same company, Avas killed at Belmont 
at the first volley, and is believed by General Vaughan and 
others to have been the first man killed in battle in the West. 
The death of this brave 3'oung soldier, belonging as he did to 
a prominent old family, created a great sensation at the time, 
and his remains were brought home and buried with all pos- 
sible militar}' and civic honors in an old church-yard a few 
miles south of the city. 

FAZZI, J., private Company C, Forrest's old regiment, 
and served in all its changes; was wounded at Shiloh in the 
side and also at Holly Springs in the leg; was all throngh the 
war and paroled May 11, 1865. • 

FENTRESS, FRAXCIS, Sergeant Compatiy E, Seventh 
Tennessee Cavalry ; enlisted in May, 1861 ; was first in Nee- 
ly's Cavalry, afterward merged into W. H. Jackson's regi- 
ment, afterward commanded by Colonel W. F. Taylor as the 
Seventh Tennessee Cavalry ; serv^ed until the close of the war 
in Company E; paroled May, 1865. Became a prominent 
member of the bar at Bolivar and removed to Memphis a few 
years ago and joined the Confederate Historical Association. 

FINLAY, LUKE W., was born near Brandon, Rankin 
county. Miss., October 8, 1831. His father, Hon. Jas. Finlay, 
was of Scotch parentage and a native of Baden county, X. C. ; 



94 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



a citizen of Eankin from 1829 until his death in 1860; a 
farmer by occupation ; for six successive terms was Judge of 
the Probate Court of that county. His mother, Cady Lewis, 
was a native of South Carolina, whose ancestors served in the 
Hevolutionary war with General Francis Marion. Three sons 
survive, all lawyers— Hon. Oscar E. Finlay, the county judge 
of Young county, Texas ; Hon. George P. Finlay, often of the 
Legislature of Texas, city attorney of Galveston and now 
surveyor of the port in that city, and Colonel Luke W. Finlay. 
He was graduated at Yale in 1856 ; had charge of Academy 
at Brandon a year ; settled in Memphis August 1, 1857 ; Jan- 
uary 1, 1860, he entered upon the practice of law; appeared 
in Supreme Court, April term, 1861; April 19, 1861, he en- 
listed as First Lieutenant of Company A, Fourth Tennessee 
Infantry ; was wounded at Shiloh ; on reorganization was 
elected major ; was in the battle of Perry ville October 8, 1862, 
where he was wounded the second time. He was engaged in 
continuous service in the movement of the Army of Tennes- 
see to Camp Dick Robinson ; thence back into Tennessee by 
way of Cumberland Gap, Knoxville, Chattanooga and Bridge- 
port up to Tullahoma, and thence to Murfreesboro. At Mur- 
freesboro he was the occasion of a singular and thrilling inci- 
dent. In the furious onset of General Patton Anderson's 
Brigade they for a moment faltered as they drove the Fed- 
eral lines back, and upon being reformed Colonel Bright 
Morgan asked him how he could get the Twenty-ninth Mis- 
sissippi to the front. Major Finlay at once spoke to Colonel 
Bratton, commanding the Twenty-fourth Tennessee Regi- 
ment, requesting him to let Colonel Morgan pass with his 
regiment and cheer him as the colors touched each other. 
Colonel Bratton immediately removed a file of men next to 
his colors so the Twenty-ninth could pass. As the latter 
advanced, so the two color bearers stood together. Colonel 
Bratton. amidst the roar of battle, shouted, " Three cheers 
for the Twenty-ninth Mississippi ! " and amidst the storm of 
cheers that regiment passed on to its place in front. He 
rejoined his command, after a short absence on detached ser- 
vice, the second day of the battle of Chickamauga, and was 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOKK'AL ASSOCIATION. 95 

■continuously with it and in charge of the Fourth Regiment 
at Missionary Ridge, where during the engagement he con\- 
manded the Fourth and Fifth Tennessee Kcgiments, who 
were stationed in riiie pits near the left of the line, and con- 
tinued the engagement until he was ordered by his su[>erior 
to move to the top of the ridge. This engagement was char- 
acterized by a withholding of fire until the Federal lines 
approached within easy range of the rifles. At this monuMit 
the command was given, "Ready, aim, fire!" After the 
advancing Federals, by the steady fire of the Fourth and 
Fifth, were driven back and the ensigns moved to their left 
in order to rally them, Major Finlay gave the command, 
^' Right oblique, fire ! " At the word the rifles were obedient 
to the command and the rallying ensigns again fell back. 
He was with his regiment on Chickamauga's banks, at Chic- 
amauga station, as it passed the camp tires of the Federal 
bivouac at dusk; crossed the Chickamauga at Ringold Gap 
with Strahl's Brigade, supporting Cleburne there. His ser- 
vice continued at Dalton, Mill Creek Gap, Snake Gap, Resaca, 
Adairsville and New Hope Church in the successive engage- 
ments along the line of battle. 

On May 27th, while holding an advanced position with 
the Fourth Tennessee, he was severly wounded in the head. 
This disabled him until the latter part of November, 1864, 
when he rejoined the Fourth on the night of the battle at 
Franklin. He had charge of his regiment at Xashville and 
on the retreat until it crossed the river. "With the army he 
went to North Carolina and participated in the battle of 
Bentonville, where Joe Johnston held at bay the army of 
Sherman, and at Greensboro was paroled with his command. 

For the past two decades he has been continuous in the 
practice of his profession, participating in politics only as a 
private citizen, never failing to exercise the right of the bidlot 
and always striving for what he believed to be the best inter- 
ests of the public. In 1894 his son Percy, whom he had given 
a complete education at Yale and a course in the Yale Law 
School, entered upon the practice with his father. 

He has always been a Democrat in politics, a churchman 



96 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



ill religion, being a member of the Episcopal Church, and a 
practitioner at law in all the courts of his State. Became a 
member of this Association many years ago. 

FISHER, J. B., private in Hickerson's Arkansas Regi- 
ment, Trans-Mississippi Department ; enlisted July, 1863, and 
served until the close of the war; was wounded at Helena, 
Ark.; was on sick leave of absence at the time of the surren- 
der and a few days before ; therefore was never paroled. 
Admitted to Confederate Historical Association May 4, 1895. 

FISHER, JOHN H., private in the Bluff City Grays, One 
Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee; enlisted April 26,1861. 

FLANj^AGAN, p., was born in Strokestown, County Ros- 
common, Ireland, in 1828 ; came over to the States in 1850, 
reaching Memphis in 1852. He enlisted April 15, 1861, in 
Company E, Captain Casper W. Hunt's Company ; went to 
Nashville and joined Bate's Regiment in May, 1861. This 
regiment went to Virginia and about the 12th of that month 
was mustered into the Confederate States service at Lynch- 
burg. The regiment moved on to Richmond ; thence to Fred- 
ericksburg and Brooks' Station and participated actively in 
the capture of Federal mail packets ; was first under fire at 
Acquia Creek June 1, 1861. (See Lindsley's Annals, p. 132.) 
Was stationed at Evansport on the Potomac ; ordered to the 
front, and although under fire and on a forced march was a 
day too late for the battle of Manassas. After that returned 
to Evansport and resumed the erection of defenses, and with 
other forces constituting a corps of observation facing the 
commands of Generals Sickles and Hooker ; remained there 
until January, 1862. The regiment re-enlisted for the war 
and was furloughed for sixty days ; met at Huntsville, Ala.; 
reformed there, went to Corinth, was assigned to Cleburne's 
l)ngade and was in the battle of Shiloh, where the regiment 
lost in killed and wounded 225 men. Colonel Bate was 
severely wounded, and was promoted to brigadier-general 
before he was able to return to the field. 

The regiment was in the Kentucky campaign under E. 
Kirby Smith, and in the bloody battle of Richmond private 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. S)7 

Pat Flannagan lost his arm, and was taken prisoner. lie 
was paroled and sent to Jackson, Miss., rejoined his com- 
mand when able and was with the Second Tennessee Kogi- 
ment at the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, 
not carrying a gun, it is true, but rendering such service as 
he could, especially for the Avounded. He Avas in winter 
quarters at Dalton, and with his regiment in the campaign 
at Atlanta. He never was in a hospital except when abso- 
lutely necessary, preferring to be with the boys at the front 
and in the ditches even after he lost Ins arm. His arm. how- 
ever, whilst shattered at Richmond, Ky., was not amputated 
until January 4, 18(33, at Mobile, Ala. He was paroled at 
Meridian, Miss., May 3, 1865; returned to Memphis and has 
been here ever since and has never married. He became a 
member of this Association in 1891. For some years he has 
been connected with a small business in one corner of the 
courthouse, and is a general favorite with all the officials and 
all who have business there. For a year he drew a pension 
from the State, but as it was discovered that he was not a 
pauper his name was stricken from the list of beueticiaries. 
He is a cheerful, jolly character and fine specimen of the sur- 
viving volunteer Confederates who fought for the love of the 
South. 

FONTAINE, OGDEN, born and reared in Louisville, Ky. 
Being in New Orleans when the war broke out, joined Dreux 
New Orleans Cadets; went with that command to Pensacola, 
Fla.; with the command was ordered to the peninsula of Vir- 
ginia; was in all the fighting along Warrick Run, when 
Magruder stood off McClellan's big army with a little thin 
line of 5000 men. 

Dreux Battalion was then mustered out under the twelve 
months' enlistment law ; then joined John H. Morgan's Ken- 
tucky Cavalry, then rendezvouing at Knoxville, Tenn.: was 
in all of Morgan's raids and marches, including the Ohio ruid. 
Was captured in the Ohio raid at Buffington Island. Ohio, 
succeding in escaping at Cincinnati. Rejoined what was lett 
of Morgan's command and was with it under Forrest at the 
battle of Chickamauga; was severely wounded at thi- Ijattle 
7 



98 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



of Cynthiaiia, Kentucky; again at Augusta, Ky., and again 
at Rhea Town, Tenn. 

On Morgan's escape from Tennessee was ordered by Gen- 
eral Morgan to report to him, to stay with him on his per- 
sonal staif, to be commissioned as a captain and given a com- 
pany on his prospective raid into Kentucky, he (General 
xVlorgan) expecting to recruit largely on that raid. General 
Morgan was killed a few weeks afterward. Was sent by 
Generals Breckinridge and Duke into Kentucky in the spring 
of 1863, aiding the straggling Confederates to rejoin their 
commands in Virginia. Surrendered to General John M. 
Palmer, with eight men, in Louisville, Ky.. in April, 1865, 
after Lee's and Johnston's surrender of their armies. Joined 
this Association Septend^er 9, 1869. 

FORREST, W. M., enlisted June, 1861, when quite a youth 
in ^Vhite's Mounted Kifles ; served on the staff of his illustri- 
ous father. General N. B. Forrest, as first lieutenant and 
aide-de-camp all through the war and was wounded in the 
battles at Fort Donelson, Harrisburg and Spring Hill, Tenn. 
Paroled May, 1865. After the war married and settled in 
Memphis and became a successful railroad contractor. Is a 
quiet business man and strongly resembles his father. Ad- 
mitted to this Association October 9, 1894. 

FRAYSER, ROBERT DUDLEY, was born in Memphis 
June 4, 1840, being the oldest child of Dr. John R. and Mrs. 
Pauline Frayser ; attended city schools and in 1858 was sent 
to the Kentucky Military Institute, where he remained three 
years and was graduated as valedictorian of his class June 4, 
186 L Meantime during vacations he had read law under 
Judge Thomas B. Monroe and received the degree of Bache- 
lor of Laws. Although of sligl\t physique, weighing only 
from 109 to 120 pounds at his best, and always apparently 
delicate, he had great powers of application, was very ambi- 
tious and resolute, and accomplished a great deal in his life. 

As soon as out of college he cast his lot with the South. 
Went to Knoxville witii Colonel (afterward (leneral) Wm. 
IL Carroll, joined Company F, Thirty-seventh Tennessee, 



CONFEDERATE IILSTUKICAL ASSOCIATION. 5)9 

drilled the regiment, and in August, 1861, he was appointed 
adjutant by Colonel Carroll. He was with the regiment on 
duty when it came to Germantown, near Memphis ; then 
went back to Chattanooga and Knoxville and marched across 
the mountains to Mill Springs, Ivy., in time to cross the Cum- 
berland river and participate in the closing scenes of the 
disaster to Confederate arms at Fishing Creek, made notable 
by the death of General ZoUicoffer. 

At the reorganization of the regiment, when it had become 
a part of Marmaduke's Brigade, at Corinth, Miss., after the 
battle of Shiloh, Adjutant Frayser was elected lieutenant- 
colonel and held this rank until the end of the war. He was 
sick and unable to go with Bragg's army into Kentucky, but 
was in the battle of Murfreesboro December 31, 1862, where 
he was shot from his horse early in the action. But he recov- 
ered in a few months. 

At the consolidation of the Fifteenth and Thirty-seventh 
Tennessee Regiments, near Wartrace, Middle Tennessee, in 
the summer of 1863, he was retained as lieutenant-colonel 
and was with it witli but few absences until the surrender at 
Greensboro, N. C. He was in the battles of Chickamauga and 
Missionary Ridge and in the campaign from Dalton to At- 
lanta, and particularly distinguished himself as officer of the 
day in command of a heavy picket line from Bate's Brigade; 
engaged all of one day in front of Kenesavv Mountain at a 
point known then as Bald Hill or Bald Knob. He was under 
lire almost every day, and in command of his i-egiment from 
there to Atlanta, where he was wounded on tlie 22d of July, 
1864. He was rescued by the infirmary corps and sent to the 
hospital at Griffin, Ga. In a few weeks he resumed com- 
mand of his regiment and was with it nearly all the time 
until the end in North Carolina. Toward the close he was 
in command of Bate's old brigade, known as Tyler's or Tom 
Benton Smith's, a mere skelton brigade. He endured intense 
hardships and sufferings with an inspired sort of faith and 
patience. Although a strict disciplinarian, he was just and 
<;onsiderate ; was very grave and thoughtful, and enjoyed the 
respect and good will of his men. There were jealousies 



100 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



after the consolidation of those two regiments which gave 
him much trouble, but his conduct at Bald Knob, in the pres- 
ence of both armies, closed the mouths of his enemies. 

Colonel Frayser returned home and became a member of 
the law lirm of Morgan, Jarnagin & Frayser. He married Mis& 
Mary F. Lane, of an old and prominent family. He was a 
Mason and an Odd Fellow ; was once Grand Master I. O. O. F. 
of the State, and joined this Association July 15, 1869 ; was 
a very active member. He became interested in the street 
railway business, made money very rapidly and branched out 
into various enterprises, and at one time was part owner of 
the Public Ledger, and was president of the Memphis City 
Bank. He was considered quite wealthy, but financial re- 
verses overtook him about 1890-91, and he was a heavj- loser. 
Overwork broke him down, and he died October 25, 1893, but 
left his wife and three children, a son and two daughters, in 
easy circumstances. His funeral was conducted by the Odd 
Fellow^s and attended by many of the best people of the city. 

FRAZER, J. W., Brigadier- General, was in service in 
Washington Territory in the old army as captain ; resigned, 
went to Montgomery, Ala., and oflered his services to the 
young Confederacy in March, 1861 ; was put in recruiting 
service at once ; that spring w^as appointed Lieutenant-Col- 
onel of the Eighth Alabama Infantry and served in Virginia; 
raised the Twenty-eighth Alabama Regiment and elected its 
colonel; was appointed brigadier-general June, 1863, and 
sent to the command of Cumberland Gap with 1700 raw 
troops. In August the Gap was invested by General De- 
Courcey on the Kentucky side, which was followed by skir- 
mishing until General Burnside, in September, with 23,000 
veterans, crossed the Gap fifteen miles below, and having 
occupied Knoxville returned to the Gap. There were no 
troops or assistance in East Tennessee, and no adequate force 
short of Richmond, and these could not be spared. After 
two days, in which demands for surrender were made and 
shelling kept up. General Frazer called a council of his field 
oflicers, which decided that there was no other alternative, 
and the post was surrendered to General Burnside in person. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 101 

(See War Records and Jeflerson Davis' "Rise and Full of tlie 
Confederacy.") From that time to the close General Frazer 
was in prison, and was finally paroled from Fort Warren in 
Jul}', 1865. He is now living at Clifton Springs, N. Y. 

FRxlZER, C. W., Major and Assistant Adjutant-General ; 
was educated at the University of Mississippi ; enlisted May, 
1861, at Memphis; was Captain of Company I, Twenty-first 
Tennessee Regiment in 1861, Captain of Company B, Fifth 
Confederate Infantry, in 1862-63, and served on the staff" of 
General J. W. Frazer as Acting Adjutant -General. The 
Twenty-first and Second Tennessee Regiments were consoli- 
dated after the battle of Shiloh, forming the famous fighting 
Fifth Confederate Regiment, for the war, in Cleburne's Di- 
vision. Major Frazer was slightly wounded at the battles of 
Belmont and Mui-freesboro ; was captured, confined at John- 
son's Island, and finally paroled there on the 11th day of 
June, 1865. He returned to Memphis, resumed the practice 
of law, attained the foremost rank at the bar, and is still in 
the practice. He became President of the Confederate His- 
torical Association of Memphis in 1884, and has continuously 
served as such up to the present time, December, 1896, with 
great zeal and efficiency. 

Miijor Frazer is the author of a strong war di'ama entitled 
"Johnson's Island." It is strictly historic, and realistic to a 
degree seldom produced on the stage, especially when the 
chief actors are ex-Confederate soldiers and their friends. 
It was played to crowded houses in Memphis last season and 
to appreciative audiences in Richmond last summer by and 
under the auspices of Company A, Confederate Veterans of 
Memphis. He was married to Miss Letitia Austin of Missis- 
sippi February 15, 1862, and they have three children — Mrs. 
Virginia Frazer Boyle, the well known Soutliern poetess, C. 
W. Frazer, Jr., and Miss Phcebe Frazer. 

FREDERICK, E., private Company G, One Hundred and 
Fifty-fourth Tennessee; entered service April 23, 1861, and 
remained to the end. Admitted to the Confederate Histor- 
ical Association July, 1869. 



102 SKETCHES OF SOLDIEKS 



FRENCH, J. C, enlisted as a private May, 1861, in the 
Richmond Howitzers ; was in the Army of North Virginia 
two years ; was elected lieutenant, and served as aide-de-camp 
on the staff of General E. Kirby Smith ; was in the Trans- 
Mississippi Department, and paroled in May or June, 1865. 
Joined this Association June, 1895. 

FUCHS, VICTOR D., was born in Alsace (then France) 
in 1837, and came to Memphis, with other members of his 
family, in 1856. The next year he became a member of the 
old Washin^^ton Rifles, a local company composed entirely of 
foreign-born citizens. An incident in its history, remembered 
yet by a few, was the part it took in the reception tendered 
Governor Harris in Memphis soon after his election in 1857. 
Mr. Fuchs belonged to this company four years, and it was a 
part of the old One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tenessee Reg- 
iment State troops or militia. The company did not go into 
the war with the One Hundred and Fifth-fourth Sr. Regi- 
ment, but did enlist in June, 1861, for twelve months in the 
Fifteenth Tennessee, Colonel Chas. Carroll's Regiment. Mr. 
Fuchs was elected Second Lieutenant of Company I, and 
Nick Frick was elected Captain. The regiment went to Col- 
umbus, Ky., where it afterward wintered; and Lieutenant 
Fuchs was with it in the battle of Belmont, Mo. In Febru- 
ary, 1862, the regiment was ordered to march to the relief of 
Fort Donelson, but the order was countermanded, and in the 
spring proceeded to Corinth and thence to the front, and was 
hotly engaged in the battle of Shiloh, having nearly 200 men 
killed and wounded. Lieutenant Fuchs participated in this 
engagement, but was suffering from a chronic ailment which 
had troubled him for several years. He was shortly afterward 
permanently discharged and did not again enter the service. 
Had never really been fit for hard duty, and it is only within 
the last few years that he obtained entire relief. Is married, 
has children, and is a prosperous business man. He joined the 
Confederate Historical Association October, 1894, and has 
since been a useful and enthusiastic member of Company A, 
Confederate Veterans; attended the reunion at Richmond in 
June-July, '96, and has been on other trips with the company. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



103 




JUDGE J. S. (FALLOW A V. 



GALLOWAY, J. S., was born at the then home of his 
father, the Rev. Samuel Galloway, Mendham, N. J., on Feb- 
ruary 14, i83H; spent his early life at the home of his grand- 
father, Dr. Jacob Scudder, at Princeton, N. J. ; was graduated 
from Princeton University in June, 1858, taking the highest 
honors in metaphysics and philosophy; removed to Georgia 
the same year, taught school until 1860, when he removed to 
Memphis, Tenn., where he continued teaching until April, 
1861, when he enlisted in the Shelby Grays, Company A, 
Fourth Tennessee Regiment; was severely wounded at the 
battle of Shiloh, April 6, 1862; was afterward assigned to 
light service in the enrolling department, with the rank of 
first lieutenant, and served as such till the end of the war, 
having surrendered at Macon, Ga., in May, 1865. Like most 
of the young men of that day, he returned to his home im- 
poverished in everything save youth and ambition. Two gen- 



104 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

erous uncles — Mr. Benjamin 11. Scndder of New Jersey and 
Mr. Alex. M. Scudder of Georgia — luid advanced him con- 
siderable money with which to pay his way through school 
and the university, a large part of which he still owed. To 
liquidate this obligation, and to obtain the means to acquire 
a legal education, he again taught school. By means of the 
generous patronage afforded him by the good people of Mem- 
phis, he was soon enabled to pay off this debt of honor and 
prepare himself for the practice of law. Was admitted to the 
bar in 1866, and, after the '■'■ Lucubration es viginti armorum," 
was elected probate judge in 1886, having previously served 
ten years as justice of the peace and one term in the State 
Senate. The magniticent system of Shelby county turnpikes 
exemplifies his usefulness as a lawmaker; looking to that 
work alone, he can safely say '•'• exegi monument am. ''^ In 1894 
he was re-elected Judge of the Probate and Second Circuit 
Courts of Shelby county to serve another term of eight years. 
While leading a busy life, he has found ample time to indulge 
his natural fondness for politics, and has figured prominently 
in most of the political struggles that have occurred in county 
and State for the past twenty 3'ears, having been twice nom- 
inated by his party for justice of the peace, twice for State 
Senator, and twice for Judge of the Probate and Second Cir- 
cuit Courts, practically without opposition. His greatest po- 
litical battle, on his own account, occurred in 1890, when he 
offered for Congress in the Tenth Congressional District. His 
opponent was the Hon. T. K. Riddick of Fayette county. The 
contest, under the two-thirds rule, lasted for thirty days ; upon 
the five thousand and fiftieth ballot Judge Galloway, lacking 
thirteen and one -third votes of being nominated, withdrew 
from the contest ; whereupon Colonel Josiah Patterson was 
selected as a compromise candidate ; this was a memorable 
contest — a record breaker. Judge Galloway is proud of the 
Democracy that has so often honored him, loyal to the State 
of his adoption, attached to the friends who have so often 
served him, and only hopes that his efforts to forward the 
interests of Democracy, State and friends will repay their 
partiality and devotion. He became a member of the Con- 
federate Historical Association many years ago. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



105 




MICHAEL T. GAUViN. 



GARYIN, MICHAEL T., bom September 16, 1840, in 
■Cumberland, Md., of Irish parents, whose genial tempera- 
ments and sturdy traits of character have been inherited by 
the son. With his parents he moved to Memphis in 1845, 
then a town of about 3000 inhabitants, grew up here, and is 
now one of the best posted men in the city as to its growth 
and the biography of old-time citizens. AVhen the war broke 
out he joined the Tennessee Guards as a private April 22, 
1861, which organized as Company II, Fourth Tennessee 
Infantry, at Germantown, Tenn., on May 15, 1861 ; was made 
lieutenant of Griswold's Battery in January, 1863, and con- 
solidated with Harris' Battery, Marmaduke's Brigade, in Sep- 
tember, 1863. Resigned in December, 1864, and joined Stew- 
art's Scouts ; Avas captured Ma}^ 2, 1865, at Dickson, Ala., 
and paroled at luka. Miss., on May 15, 1865, arriving in 
Memphis June 3, 1865. Was wounded October 8, 1862, at 



106 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



Perryville, Ky.; also at Village Creek July, 1863, aud in a 
skirmish near Memphis in December, 1864. He was at Bel- 
mont and the bombardment of Island No. 10, at Shiloh, 
Mumfordsville, Perryville and the battle of Little Rock, Pine 
Bluff, Poison Springs, Saline River and Ditch Bayou, in the 
Trans-Mississippi Department, and in various smaller engage- 
ments. Is now an active member of Company A, United 
Confederate Veterans ; was a member of the drill team when 
Company A won the $1000 prize in the national military 
contest at Memphis, Tenn., in May, 1895, and has been with 
Company A on several trips, including the greatest of all to 
Richmond last June-July, 1896. 

For quite a time he was Deputy County Court Clerk ; was 
Constable of the Fifth Civil District and Deputy Sheriff!', and 
was in 1888 elected Magistrate, and is a leading member of 
the County Court, which position he has held ever since. In 
1890 was made City Recorder and still holds that position. 
Being a man of sterling qualities and a strong judicial cast 
of mind, as well as being a quick, intuitive judge of human 
nature, he dispatches business with rapidit}^ and fairness. 

He was married on the 11th of January, 1872, to Miss 
Maggie Moloney, and this union has been blessed with ten 
fine children, six of whom are sons, constituting altogether 
as happy a family as ever gathered around hearthstone or 
center table. Esquire Garvin is yet a young-looking man, 
and to his friends seems still younger at heart. 

GARRETT, J. H., Sergeant Company A, Seventh Ten- 
nessee; enlisted May 6, 1862, and paroled at Marion, Ala. ^ 
May 13, 1865. Admitted to C. H. A. February 11, 1896. 

GIBSON, F. L., Lieutenant Company C, Second Kentucky 
Cavalry, Morgan's command ; served throughout the entire 
war; was captured at Lebanon, Tenn., in the fall of 1861, but 
escaped. Paroled May 13, 1865, 

GILLOOLEY, FRANK, Captain Company F, G. B. Pick- 
ett's Engineer Corps ; enlisted in 1861 ; was wounded at 
Vicksburg, Shiloh and Tishomingo Creek ; captured at Vicks- 
burg July 4, 1863. Paroled at Gainesville, Ala., May, 1865. 
Admitted to C. H. A. February 12, 1895. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



107 




.KX. <TEi»KiiE W. t.oKIiiiX. 



G0RD0:N", GEORGE W., was born in Giles county, Tenn., 
and reared in Mississippi and Texas. Received a collegiate 
education and was graduated at the Western Military Insti- 
tute, Kashville, Tenn., in the class of 1859; also receiving 
there about the same military education and training as were 
given at West Point. Practiced civil engineering, for wliich 
he had made special preparation at college, until the outbreak 
of the war. Entered the military service of the State of 
Tennessee, from the county of Hum|»hreys, in Jun.e, 1861, in 
the capacity of drill-master for the Eleventh Tennessee In- 
fantry Regiment; soon after transferred to the service of the 
Confederate States. Was successively a captain, lieutenant- 
colonel and colonel of this regiment, and in the summer of 
1864 was made a brigadier-general and served with that rank 
till the close of the war. Though captured three times — 
once at Tazewell, East Tennessee, and again at the battles of 



108 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

Murfreesboro and Franklin, Tenn., he was in every battle 
fought by his commands except that at Bentonville, N. C, at 
which time he was a prisoner at Fort Warren, Mass., where 
he was retained till August, 1865, several months after the 
close of the war. Upon his release from prison he studied 
law and practiced that profession until 1883, when he was 
appointed one of the railroad commissioners of the State. 
In 1885 he received an appointment in the Interior Depart- 
ment of the Government and served four j^ears in the Indian 
country. Then resumed the practice of law until 1892, when 
he was elected Suiierintendent of the Memphis City Schools, 
wliich position he still occupies. 

GORDON", C. M., enlisted August 29, 1863; was a private 
in the Eighteenth Mississippi Regiment, and belonged to 
Chalmers' escort; was wounded at Johnsonville, Tenn., in 
November, 1864. Paroled at Gainesville, Ala., May 12, 1865, 
and joined this Association February 17, 1895. 

GOLDBAUM, MORRIS, private Company A, Fourteenth 
Mississippi Regiment; enlisted April, 1861 ; was captured at 
Fort Donelson and at Franklin ; was wounded at the battle 
of Franklin and the bullet was cut out May 10, 1893 ; was 
released from prison April, 1865. Admitted to this Associa- 
tion j^ovember 13, 1894. 

GOODBAR, JAMES M., was born in Overton county, 
Tenn., and reared principally in White county. In the early 
part ot 1862 he assisted in raising a company of cavalry in 
the counties of White and Van Buren. This company was 
commanded by Captain George W. Carter, of Sparta, Tenn. 
Mr. Goodbar was elected second lieutenant of said company. 
At a later period this company was assigned to duty in the 
Fourth Tennessee Cavalry, commanded by Colonel John P. 
Murray, of Gainesboro, Tenn. Colonel Murray selected Lieu- 
tenant Goodbar for quartermaster of said regiment, with the 
rank of captain. He was in the battle of Perryville, Ky., 
and many smaller engagements. This and other regiments 
were reorganized at Shelby ville, Tenn., about January, 1863, 
when Captain Goodbar was assigned to duty as purchasing 



CONFEDERATE HllSTUKlCAL ASSOCIATION. lU'J 

agent in the commissary department, and served in this capac- 
ity tlie remainder of the war. Upon one occasion he was 
captured by the Yankee cavah'y. but being mounted on a 
good horse he made a sudden dasli and a race of two miles, 
interspersed with many shots, and made his escape. After 
the war was over he returned to Memphis and engaged in 
the wliolesale shoe business, in which line he had been before 
the war. He is now at the head of the wholesale shoe firm 
of Goodbar & Co., perhaps the largest establishment in that 
line south of the Ohio river, and is largel}" engaged in man- 
ufacturing ; is a very active man and in the full prime of life. 

GOODMAN, WALTER A., Major in the Seventeenth 
Mississippi ; served in the army of Northern Virginia, and 
was engaged in the first battle of Manassas. His commission 
was dated July 31, 1862. He served as Assistant Adjutant 
General of Chalmers' Brigade of Infantry until transferred 
to Chalmers' Division of Cavalry, and then served with the 
same rank until the end of the war. He was one of the 
early presidents of the old Cenfederate Relief and Historical 
Association; succeeded General Jno. C. Fizer in 1872, and 
served for more than one term. 

GOTTEN, NICHOLAS, private Company C, Forrest's old 
regiment; enlisted March 10, 1862 ; was wounded twice — at 
Bolivar, Tenn., and near Lafayette, Ten n. ; was captured and 
left for dead by the Federals in May, 1864; captured second 
time at Greenbottom, Tenn , and exchanged at Vicksburg, 
Miss.; served under General Forrest until the surrender in 
May, 1865. Admitted to this Association October 9, 1894. 

GRAY, J. E., private in Company D, Third Battalion, 
Lee's Brigade, Army North Virginia; entered service A[)ril 
20, 1861, and retired April 3, 1865. Recommended for mem- 
bership by Isaac Rosser and elected in this Association Jan- 
uary 20, 1870. 

GRAY, W. P., steward in General Dick Taylor's Depart- 
ment ; entered service August, 1861 ; paroled May 5, 1865. 
Elected a member of this Association, upon his own applica- 
tion, September 9, 1869. 



110 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

GREEN WALD, LEE, private Company B ; enlisted April 
1,1861; wounded at Franklin, Tenn. ; was sent home sick 
from Cbattanooo;a, as the army went east to North Carolina, 
and did not recover until after the close of the war ; was not 
paroled. Recommended for membership by Ed. Whitmore 
and J. P. Young; admitted to C. H. A. February 11, 1896. 

GREER, JAMES M., was born in Holly Springs, Miss., 
and comes of Revolutionary stock. His great-great-grand- 
father of Bedford county, Va., was a lieutenant in the strug- 
gle for American independence, and others could be men- 
tioned in connection with the same cause. When the war 
broke out J. M. Greer was a cadet at the Virginia Military 
Institute and belonged to Company A in his battalion of 
cadets. This small but spirited corps was regularly enlisted 
in the Confederate service in 1864 and was called out just as 
the emergency dictated, and after a few weeks service returned 
to the barracks. The cadets were at the battle of New Mar- 
ket; assisted in repelling Hunter at Lynchburg; fought also 
in some skirmishes around Lexington, and assisted in defend- 
ing Richmond against Sheridan's attack early in 1865. They 
had the spirit and lire of tried soldiers and fought with the 
coolness of veterans as often as permitted to take part in the 
war. After the surrender J. M. Greer returned home, read 
law, was admitted to the bar, came to Memphis, and has since 
been prominent in his profession, and is also quite well known 
for his literary acquirements outside of the law and for his 
oratorical abilities. He succeeded Judge Horrigan as Judge 
of the Criminal Court and served in 1883-84, and is now 
attorney for Shelby county. He was married to Miss Bettie 
Allen, daughter of Dr. Allen, in 1877, and they have three 
sons at the University of Tennessee. 

GROVES, ROBERT DOUGLASS, was Orderly Sergeant 
of Company L, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, Rucker's Brig- 
ade ; enlisted April 4, 1862; was wounded at Harrisburg 
July 14, 1864; was at home on wounded furlough when the 
surrender took place. His colonel obtained a parole for him 
May 11, 1865, but never delivered it. He w^as reputed to be 
one of the most dashing soldiers in Forrest's command. 



CONFEDERATE lllSTUltR'AL Atif^OClATlON. 



Ill 




C«)L. llldH 1). (iUKKK. 



GREER, HUGH DUNLAP, was boni at Paris, Tennessee, 
February 4, 1836. Son of David Searcy Greer and Martha 
Jane Dunlap, representatives of two of the pioneer families 
of the State. His mother's father and mother, Hugh Dunlap 
and Susanna Gilliam, were married near Knoxville in 1794. 
His grandfather Greer settled in the State about 1811. 

He graduated at the Mississippi University in 1856, and at 
the Lebanon Law School in 1858. He was married June 
1, 1865, to Mary Ida Christian, daughter of Dr. James R. 
Christian, at Holly Springs, Miss. She died, without issue, 
June, 1867. He was married again in March, 1870, to Susan 
I. McLean, daughter of Colonel Charles D. McLean, of Mem- 
phis, Tennessee, and editor of the tirst newspajier published 
west of the Tennessee river; and has by this marriage four 
living children — Charles D. M. Greer, a lawyer in Memphis; 
David Searcy Gi'eer, a farmer in Shelby county, and a pair 



112 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

of twin daughters, Susie and Ida, now at school. He enlisted 
in an infantry company organized by Robert F. Looney, at 
Memphis, about the middle of April, 1861, and was elected 
second lieutenant. Soon after, at the organization of the 
Thirty-eighth Regiment, R. F. Looney was elected colonel ; 
First Lieutenant John C. Carter was elected captain, and he 
first lieutenant, and served with that rank until April, 1862, 
when he was elected Lieutenant-Colonel of the Thirty-eighth 
Tennessee. He was shot down near the old church on the 
evening of the second day of the battle of Shiloh in what is 
known as the " Last charge at Shiloh," and was carried oiF the 
field. When the army reached the old church that evening 
on retreat. General Cheatham discovered that a large number 
of caissons, ammunition wagons and ambulances containing 
many of the wounded, had halted at a deep ravine, a hundred 
yards south of the church, that was spanned by a little rail 
or pole bridge that was difficult to cross. He ordered the 
Thirty-eighth Regiment to move back to the crest of the hill 
and hold the old church until the ambulances and wagons were 
safely over. The regiment was formed across a little grave 
yard about twenty or thirty steps north of the church and 
ordered to sit down, as the men only had one round of ammu- 
nition left, and it was determined to hold that charge for the 
supreme moment. The enemy, flushed with success, was 
moving down in magnificent style and his skirmishers were 
delivering a murderous tire. Generals Beauregard, Breckin- 
ridge, Cheatham and other prominent officers dismounted 
under the hill and walked up to the church and remained for 
a few minutes to encourage the men. All felt that the posi- 
tion was desperate, but not one man of those three or four 
hundred Tennesseeans faltered. They had been in the bloody 
fight for nearly thirty-six hours, without rest, without sleep, 
but when the order came for that last sacrifice each soldier sat 
quietly in line and looked at that magnificent Federal army — 
first the skirmishers, then the infantry, and in the rear of each 
brigade a battery of field pieces. The line extended to the 
right and to the left as far as the eye could reach through the 
open timber. General Cheatham', with his great big g-enerous 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 113 

heart, could not leave without a [lartiiig word. He walked 
out to the front of the regiment and stepping up on a little 
new-made grave, said, " My hrave boys, I've ordered you to 
lialt here and hold this church until your wounded comrades 
and the wagons are safely over the ravine. All that I have 
to say to you is, when the shock comes remember that you are 
Tennesseeans."' When the enemy had come to within about 
two hundred yards, Governor Isham G. Harris, acting aid- 
de-camp to General Beauregard, rose up and said: "Colonel 
Looney, the time has come; order your men to charge." The 
regiment rose up, fired its last round of ammunition and 
raised a yell, and with fixed bayonets drove back that part of 
the line in front for nearly a quarter of a mile, and then 
turned and marched back in good order under a fire from the 
rear and both flanks, and halted at the old position at the 
church long enough to see the last wagon cross the ravine. 
During the whole of that trying ordeal and desperate charge 
Colonel Robert F. Looney sat astride his old sorrel charger 
and encouraged the boj's by his superb courage and gallantrj'. 
Soon afterward, when Colonel Greer was prisoner at General 
Sherman's headquarters, he was asked by the General why 
that regiment did not fire oftener than one round, and was 
told the regiment had no more ammunition. General Sher- 
man, in the presence of his adjutant. Major Hammond, grasped 
Colonel Greer's hand warmly and congratulated him upon 
being a member of so gallant a command. In the absence 
of Colonel John C. Carter, Colonel Greer commanded the 
regiment through the heavy skirmishing in front of Corinth 
and througli the battle of Farmington, but was taken sick 
and asked for a furlough, but the surgeons of the brigade 
had taken umbrage at some order of General Bragg's, and 
all tendered their resignations. Bragg refused to accept, and 
they refused to perform any duties except waiting on the sick. 
Xo furloughs were granted except on surgeons' certificates, 
and surgeons refused to comply with any such order. Gen- 
eral Hindman suggested that if he would tender his resigna- 
tion he would hold it for thirty days and give him a pass to 
the rear, and before the time ex[>ired he could return and 



lU SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

withdraw the paper and resume his position in the regiment; 
but before the thirty days had expired he was captured in 
DeSoto county, Miss., by the Sixth Illinois Cavalry, carried to 
Memphis and sent to Alton, 111., and exchanged late in the fall 
at Vicksburg. He reported to General Pemberton, headquar- 
ters at Jackson, Miss., and upon a full statement of the facts. 
General Pemberton gave him a commission to go into West 
Tennessee behind the enemy's lines and organize a cavalry 
command, and he organized a magnificent company at Den- 
mark in Madison county, and joined the Fourteenth Tennes- 
see Cavalry regiment commanded by Colonel J. C. ^N^eely, 
as Company C. That regiment became a part of the famous 
Forrest Cavalry of the latter part of the war. He took part 
in much of the hard riding and harder fighting through Mis- 
sissippi, Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia, and was wounded 
again at Lafayette, Ga., in the summer of 1864. 

Colonel Greer is one of the few oflicers now alive who were 
on the famous raid into the city of Memphis. The command 
moved in on tlie Hernando road, the Fourteenth Regiment in 
front. Company C in front of the regiment, and Captain Bill 
Forrest about fifty j^ards in front as advance guard. They 
broke into a gallop when they crossed Nonconnah creek, six 
miles out from the city ; not a word was spoken above a whis- 
per. The signal to swing into line of battle was the firing of 
the enemy's pickets on the advance guard ; the city and sub- 
urbs wei'e enveloped in a dense fog; it was impossible to dis- 
cern objects beyond a few feet away. The pickets were not 
far from the Female College. Company C went into Hernando 
street at the intersection of College avenue, turned up Her- 
nando, and charged a battery about where Looney's switch is 
now located; moved down to Beale and up Beale to Main, 
crossed into McCall street, and halted in the alley in the rear 
of the Gayoso Hotel, Captain Bill Forrest going to the front. 
It was hoped to capture General Washburn, supposed to be 
stopping at that hotel, but it was soon learned that his head- 
quarters were on Union street, at General Williams' house. 
A great number of subordinate oflicers were at the Gayoso, 
and they came down and chatted very pleasantly, and ac- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 115 

knowledged that they were not expecting such a call. Two 
\-idettes, who were stationed at McCall and Main and Ga^'oso 
and Main streets, galloped in and re[»orted an infantry com- 
mand closing in from each end of Main street. Colonel Lojr- 
wood, with a part of his regiment, had moved up and halted 
on McCall street, and Captain Greer, with i>art of the Twelfth, 
had halted on Gayoso street. Colonel Logwood, the ranking 
ofiicer, commanded Captain Greer to take the advance and 
pilot the command out of the city. When Company C moved 
into Main street, the enemy opened tire from both ends of the 
street ; Company C wheeled to the right and charged the col- 
umn at the intersection of Beale street, driving them into a 
church that formerly stood on the nortlieast corner of Beale 
and Main ; moved down Beale to Hernando and out Hernando 
to near the old Boston residence, and found General Forrest 
with a part of his command fighting six or seven thousand of 
the encni}'; then turned to the right, rode through the camp 
of the Fourth Illinois Cavalry, halted, swapped a few horses, 
then passed out between the enemy's right iiank and the river, 
moved up to the front, formed on the left of the command, 
skirmished for an hour or two, and moved back toward Her- 
nando in a walk; the Federals followed as far as Noncon- 
nah, but did not cross the creek. General Washburn came 
over under a flag of truce, receipted for and carried back with 
him six or seven hundred prisoners that had been t-a}itnre<l. 

Owing to a disagreement with a superioi" officer. Captain 
Greer requested General Forrest to detach him from the reg- 
iment, which he did late in the fall of 1864, and ordered him 
into West Tennessee on recruiting service. During the win- 
ter and early spring lie gathered up some men and skirmished 
against Hawkins' and Hurst's regiments, who were raiding 
and depredating upon the citizens in West Tennessee. Upon 
learning of the surrender of the Soutliern army, he rode into 
Memphis and was paroled on the 17th of May, 1865. Was 
elected to the Legislature of Tennessee in the fall of 1874, 
and served one term ; since, has remained quietly on his farm 
in Shelby county. He became a member of the Confederate 
Historical Association over twentv years ai^o. 



116 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

GRIFFIN, JOHN C, enlisted as private in Compan}^ A^ 
Twenty-ninth Georgia, in October, 1862; again enlisted Sep- 
tember, 1863, in Company I, Sixty-sixth Georgia, and after- 
ward served in the Thirteenth Mississippi in 1864. He was 
wounded in the battles of the Wilderness and of Cedar Creek • 
paroled May, 1865. 

GWYNNE, A. D., was born January 18, 1839, County 
Londonderry, Ireland. Came to Memphis, Tenn., with hi& 
parents December, 1849; advantages of schooling limited. 
At the age of fourteen was put to work in the hardware- 
house of Holyoke, Lowndes & Co., now" Orgill Bros. & Co. 
Married September, 1859, to Eliza A. Henderson, daughter 
of the late Andrew and Susan Henderson. When the South 
seceded he was clerking for the hardware firm of McCombs- 
&Co. 

Enlisted for the war in the Sumpter Grays early in the 
summer of 1861. This company was enrolled in the Thirty- 
eighth Tennessee Infantry, commanded by Colonel R. F. 
Lnoney, and formed part of Wright's Brigade, Cheatham's 
Division. He was elected second lieutenant and soon there- 
after was appointed adjutant of a Tennessee battalion. April 
3, 1862, was promoted to major and assigned to duty with 
the Twenty-sixth Alabama Infantry ; served with that com- 
mand in the battle of Shiloh and was wounded by a fragment 
of shell fired from one of the gunboats. The shell exploded 
overhead; one piece cut away the point of his cap, striking 
the button on his breast, glanced and shattered the bone of 
his right arm, and another piece struck his horse just back 
of the saddle. After the battle, and at the age of 23, he was 
promoted to lieutenant-colonel, and on June 28, 1862, waa 
assigned to duty with the Thirty-eighth Tennessee Infantry. 

The magnificent record this regiment made under the gal- 
lant Looney at Shiloh w^as repeated at Perryville, Murfrees- 
boro, Chickamauga, Mill Creek Gap, Resaca, New Hope 
Church, Kennesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, 
Jonesboro and Franklin, as well as in the daily skirmishes in 
which it took part, and in all of which it contributed its full 
share in making the imperishable war record of Cheatham's 



CONFEDERATE 11IST011K;AL ASSOCIATION. 



117 




COL. A. 1). (iWVXNK. 



Division ; in all tJave Jonesboro and Franklin he participated. 
On Ma}' 7, 1864, his regiment was ordered to hold Mill Creek 
Gap against a strong attack of the enemy; obeyed orders and 
Colonel Gvvynne came out of the iight with a severe scalp 
wound. 

February, 1864, Jno. C. Carter, Colonel of the Thirty-eighth 
Tennessee, was promoted on tlie tield at Resaca to brigadier- 
general. He had been in command of the brigade for a long 
period prior to his promotion, and Colonel Gvvynne was, 
therefore, at the time in command of the regiment and con- 
tinued with it until wounded on the breastworks of the enemy 
at the battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864, a minie ball striking 
his left arm, shattering the wrist joint and fracturing eight 
inches of the bone. He was taken prisoner and remained on 
the field ten days, and was afterward sent to the Federal 
hospital at Marietta, Ga. In speaking of this episode to the 



118 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



writer, be said : " I have no words at my command to give 
expression of my admiration of the ability and skill of the 
Federal surgeons who attended me when taken from the 
field, I was placed side by side with their own wounded^ 
and when my turn came I was placed on the table and 
received the same care and successful attention as those who' 
wore the blue.'' 

When wounded he weighed 165 pounds ; three months 
after, when again able to stand on his feet, he weighed 90 
pounds. He was a prisoner on Johnson's Island for nearly 
three months. February, 1865, was exchanged and sent to 
Richmond, Va., arriving in that city late in the afternoon, 
and engaged supper, lodging and breakfast, for which he paid 
fifty dollars. Next morning started on foot to join the army 
in North Carolina. 

When the war ended Colonel Gwynne had one Mexican 
quarter, given him by a brother Confederate, and it was every 
cent of value he possessed on earth. He borrowed money 
to bring his wife and child from Jackson, Miss., to Memphis. 
Landing in Memphis with his left arm totally disabled and 
bandaged to his side, he felt in poor plight to start afresh the 
battle of life. His first employment was on a Yazoo steam- 
boat as second clerk. Early in 1866 returned to Memphis 
and found a situation with Galbreath, Stewart & Co. August, 
1866, he moved to DesArc, Ark., and was admitted into a 
firm which opened business in Memphis in 1871 and had a 
New Orleans branch, as originally organized in 1866. He i& 
connected with many Memphis enterprises. Has been with 
the State National Bank since 1873, as director, vice-president, 
and for the past five years president. Is a director in the 
State Savings Bank, Factors Fire Insurance Company and 
the Memphis Cotton Compress and Storage Company, etc. 

As relics of army life he has the Mexican quarter already 
mentioned, the button he wore at tlie battle of Shiloh, the 
bullet that struck him at Atlanta, and a furlough (the only 
one) he received during the war; it is of date June 2, 1863, 
and for eight days leave of absence. He values it very highly 
for the indorsement it carries from Brigadier-General Marcus 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOIUCAJ. ASSOCIATION. 11!( 

J. Wrig-ht, who commanded the brigade at the tinu' the fur- 
lough was granted. It reads as follows : 

HEADQUARTERS THIRTY-EIGHTH REGIMKN T TKXX. VOLS. 

Ill Camp near Shelbyvillc, June 2, 1H()8. 

Colonel — I have the honor to ask for a leave of absence 
for eight (8) days. In making this application I beg leave to 
state that I am desirous of visiting LaGrange, Ga., for the 
purpose of procuring a place for my family, who have been 
compelled to leave their home in West Tennessee, and more 
recently in Xorth Mississippi, on account of the advance of 
the enemy. Hoping that compliance with the above request 
will not be detrimental to the good of the service, 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. D. GWYNNE, 

Lieutenant-Colonel Thirty-Eighth Regiment Tcnn. Vols. 

To Colonel Kinloch Falconer, A. A. G. 

INDORSEMENTS. 
In forwarding the application I desire to say that Colonel 
Gwynne is one of the best qualified, most attentive and indus- 
trious officers I have ever met in the array. lie has done 
more important special duty in my brigade than any officer 
in it; is never absent from his post of duty, and makes this 
application only under the circumstances mentioned, which 
I regard as an extreme case. 

Approved and respectfully forwarded : MARCUS J. WRIGHT, 

Brigadier-Cieneral. 

Approved: Approved: 

B. F. CHEATHAM, LEONIDAS POLK, 

Major-General Commanding. Lieutenant-General. 

Approved, by command of General Bragg : II. J. THORNTON, 

Adjutant. 
To commence from June 9. 

B. F. CIIEATHAM, 

Major-General Commanding. 

Colonel Gwynne bears the marks of wounds received in 
battle, and will as long as he lives. lie is a busy, (juict man, 
and notwithstanding his record, as briefl}- outlined above, he 
seldom talks of his war experiences unless son)e old soldier 
introduces the subject. He has but recently applied for mem- 
bership in the C. H. A. 



120 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



HANCOCK, J. B., First Lieutenant and Adjutant Fortieth 
North Carolina Infantry, enlisted in Company C March 29, 
1861 ; left for the coast May 20, 1861 ; company captured at 
Hatteras August, 1861 ; after that he was detailed as drill- 
master for recruits at Washington, N. C; was wounded at 
Newbern, N. C, March 16, 1862; at Henderson February 17, 
18 and 19, 1865 ; Neal Fork, near Kingston, N. C, March 7, 
1865, and at Bentonville March 16, 1865; paroled May 1, 
1865, at Bush Mill, near Greensboro, N. C. 

HARRINGTON, JNO. N., private Company H, Crockett 
Guards, First Arkansas, enlisted June 2, 1861 ; was wounded 
three times — at Corinth, Chickamauga and Franklin. He 
captured the flag of the Sixteenth Iowa Regiment on the right 
of Atlanta in the battle of July 22, 1864; paroled June 4, 
1865. Admitted to the C. H. A. February 12, 1895. 

HARRIS, J. S., private Company F, Seventeenth Missis- 
sipi)i, enlisted April 19, 1861 ; was discharged from service 
July, 1863, on account of physical disability. Admitted to 
C. H. A. February 12, 1895. 

HARTMUS, T. H., enlisted early in 1861 ; served on Gen- 
eral W. B. Bate's staff with the rank of Major ; was paroled 
at Augusta, Ga., August, 1865. Became a member of this 
Association at an early day. 

HART, B. NEWTON, Captain Company B, Eighth Mis- 
souri Infantry, entered service May 6, 1861 ; was paroled at 
Meridian, Miss., May 10, 1865. Practiced law in Memphis 
with his father for a few years and returned to Missouri. 
Elected a member of this Association July, 1869. 

HAYS, JOHN B., private in Company E, Ninth Tennessee 
Infantry, Maney's Brigade, enlisted May 26, 1861 ; wounded 
and captured atShiloh ; released December 6, 1862 ; discharged 
April 12, 1863. Admitted to C. H. A. March 13, 1894. 

HERBERT, B. F., private in Anderson's Scouts and served 
throughout the war. Proposed for membership in this Asso- 
ciation by Major W. A. Goodman and elected April 28, 1870. 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOHICAL ASb(JC lATlUN. 



121 




U. S. SENATOR ISHAM (i. HAHUIs. 



HARRIS, ISHAM G., Governor, and as such commander 
of all State troops until transferred to the Confederate service, 
entered the service April 1, 1861. After the transfer he con- 
tinued with the Army of Tennessee to the end of the war, 
as a civil officer and without command. AVas with General 
Albert Sidney Johnston at the battle of ShiJoh and held the 
general in his arms when he bled to death from a wound. 
After the surrender he went to Mexico on horseback, accom- 



122 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



panied by a faithful colored servant. Governor Brownlow 
had oftered a reward of $5000 for his head, and this stood 
until after Governor Harris went to England and returned to 
this country. 

Governor Harris and General Pillow, entered upon the prac- 
tice of law in Memphis about the year 1868. He is now 
serving his fourth term in the United States Senate, and 
seems endowed with all the energies and powers of endurance 
of a man of half his age, and is recognized all the country 
over as a leader in the Democratic party. Pie is the last of 
the war governors living, North or South. He became a mem- 
ber of this Association July 1, 1869; was elected President 
and served as such for two years, attending meetings regularly 
and presiding with as much formality and decision of manner 
and regard for parliamentary propriety as if he h;id been in 
the United States Senate. 

HEis^DERSON, BENJ. R., enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany H, Fourth Tennessee Regiment, on May 16, 1861, and 
served in Strahl's Brigade, Cheatham's Division, until he was 
discharged in 186-3 for ill health and disability. Became a 
member of this Association at an early day. 

HENKEL, CHRISTOPHER, Corporal Company A, Tenth 
Mississippi, enlisted March 26,1861. The regiment left Jack- 
son, Miss., for Pensacola, Fla., and after reorganization Com- 
pany A became Company D, same regiment. Served in the 
army of Tennessee until the surrender; paroled April 26, 
1865, at Greensboro, K. C. Admitted to the Confederate His- 
torical Association January 14, 1896. 

HENNING, S. L., enlisted January 4, 1861, in Company 
H, Thirteenth Tennessee, Vaughan's Brigade; was commis- 
sioned lieutenant November, 1863, and paroled at Greens- 
boro, N. C, May, 1865. 

HILL, J. L., private Company D, Fifteenth Arkansas In- 
fantry ; entered the service May, 1861 ; paroled May, 1865. 
Proposed by T. P. Adams, and elected to membership in this- 
Association April 28, 1870. 



CONFEDERATE lUttTUlUCAL ASiSUClATlU.N. 



ViS 




(■()L. C. W. IIKISKELL. 



IIEISKELL, CARRICK W., was born at Fruit Hill, Knox 
county, Tenn., July 25, 18.36, of an old and prominent family ; 
his grandfather on liis mother's side, Joseph Brown, was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war; a brother of his father's 
mother was a colonel in the Continentiil line; his fatlier, 
Frederick S. Heiskell, was for many years before and up to 
tlie year 1836, with IIu2:h Brown, his brother-in-law, editor 
and owner of the Knoxviile Regif<ter, a newspaper of great 
influence in its day, published at Knoxviile, Tenn. C. W. 
Heiskell was educated at the University of East Tennessee 
and Maryville College; read law while teaching school at 
Rogersville, Hawkins county, Tenn.; obtained his license to 
practice law from Judges Lucky and Patterson in 1857, and 
was engaged in practice when the war broke out. He was 
the first man in Hawkins county to enlist in the Confederate 
service, and aided in raising the first company raised in that 



124 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



county; this was Company K, Nineteenth Tennessee Intan- 
try. He was elected first lieutenant of this company, and on 
the election of its captain, A. Fnlkerson, to the majority of 
the reg:iment, was elected captain of the company. This posi- 
tion he held until after the battle of Murfreesboro, where the 
major of the regiment, the gallant R. A. Jarnagin, was killed, 
wdien Captain Heiskell was promoted to the majority of the 
regiment over the senior captain. He was major of the regi- 
ment until after the battle of Missionary Eidge, where the 
lieutenant-colonel, Beriah F. Moore, the bravest of the brave, 
was killed, and Major Heiskell was made lieutenant-colonel. 
At the battle of Chickamauga he received a very troublesome 
wound in the foot, which disabled him for twelve months. No 
memorial of that conflict is he prouder of than this : " Most of 
the field officers on my i-ight were dismounted by having their 
horses shot under them, and Miijor Heiskell of the Nineteenth 
Tennessee Regiment, a gallant officer, was severely wounded 
in the foot" (extract from General StrahTs report, U. S. War 
Records, series 1, volume 30, page 131). When he rejoined 
the army, after twelve months on crutches. Hood was retreat- 
ing from Nashville. He witnessed wdiat came very near be- 
ing a bloody conflict between Forrest and Cheatham, when 
they quarreled over which of them should cross the river at 
Columbia first, each contending that he had precedence ; guns 
were cocked all along the line of infantry, but Forrest at 
length gave Cheatham the right of way, and the incident 
closed. While Major Heiskell was wounded, both the lieu- 
tenant-colonel (Moore) and the colonel of the regiment (F. M. 
Walker, afterward promoted to brigadier-general, and than 
whom no truer man or better soldier ever drew a sword) were 
killed, and Major Heiskell received his commission as colonel 
of the regiment. He commanded Strahl's Brigade, and was 
with Forrest, covering the retreat of Hood's battered and tat- 
tered legions from the fatal Tennessee campaign. In the fight 
at Anthony Hill, near Pulaski, and at Sugar Creek, were wit- 
nessed the most gallant feats of the war, at least, the most 
striking evidences of the matchless courage and endurance of 
Confederate soldiers; hatless, barefooted and hungry, through 
sleet and snow, they marched, and when a fight came they 



CONFEDEHATE IIISTOllICAL ASSOCIATION. 125 

fought with matchless pluck; even those too feeble to curry 
a gun stayed in the lighting contingent, as one of them ex- 
pressed it to Colonel lleiskell, "to see what was going on."' 
He, with his regiment, followed the fortunes of the Confed- 
eracy through all its dark vicissitudes from Nashville to High 
Point, N. C, where they surrendered with that great captain, 
Joseph E. Johnston. In the battle of Bentonville, when the 
Federals attempted to cut off the only avenue of retreat from 
"Old Joe," Colonel Heiskell's (Strahl's) Brigade followed Gen- 
eral Hardee, who with a Texas brigade of cavalry charged the 
foe; the infantry captured a whole line of picks and spades, 
and at once went to fortifying; at 11 o'clock that night they 
were ordered to cease work, and in a few days the surrender 
came. The writer must pause to say that no man in the Con- 
federate army was more beloved, no commander of "reater 
capacity on the field, and of more modest and deserving worth, 
than Lieutenant -General William J. Hardee. His memory 
is sacred to every Confederate soldier of Johnston's army. 

After the surrender in 1865, Colonel Heiskell settled in 
Memphis, Tenn., where he has resided ever since. He was 
elected Circuit Judge in May, 1870; this position he held until 
1878, when he was appointed city attorney, which position he 
held until 1882; since then he has been engaged in the jtrnc- 
tice of law. He was married about the beginning of the war 
to a daughter of Hon. John Xetherland of Rogersville, an 
eminent lawyer and old-line Whig leader, and they have a 
family of grown children. 

HILL, A. B., was born December 12, 1837, in Tipton 
county, Tenn. ; enlisted as a musician in Company C, Ninth 
Tennessee Regiment, on the 6th of May, 1861 : afterward 
served in the Fifty-first Tennessee Regiment, and was dis- 
charged in May, 1862; re-enlisted in the Twelfth Tennessee 
Cavalry and transferred back to the Fifty-first Tennessee, 
and at the close of the war was Captain of Company G of 
that regiment ; never was captured or wounded : was paroled 
May, 1865. Afterward came from Tipton county to Mem- 
phis, and has been for many years Secretary of the Men4»his 
City School Board. 



126 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



HOLLO WAY, J. L., Sergeant-Major Twentieth Missis- 
sippi Kegiinent and belonged to Company B ; afterward he 
served in Tighlman's Brigade, Adams' and Loring's Divisions, 
Army of Tennessee. General Tighlman was killed at Baker's 
Creek and General Adams at Franklin, Tenn. The regiment 
was in Loring's Division during the war. 

HOLT, G. A. C, the subject of this paragraph, recently 
located here, is from Kentucky. The health of his wife, Mrs. 
Ina L. Holt (nee Berry), a relative of the late Dr. F. L. Sim, 
■caused him to select Memphis as a residence. He was born 
in Salem, Livingston county, March 2, 1840; graduated from 
the Louisville Law School in 1859; entered the Confederate 
army in April or May, 1861 ; was elected Captain of Com- 
pany H, Third Kentucky Regiment of Infantry, under the 
then Colonel Lloyd Tighlman, afterward Brigadier-General. 
Colonel Holt was in the battle of Shiloh, and was brevetted 
by General Beauregard for courage and gallantry. A para- 
graph from a prominent Kentucky newspaper gives a synop- 
sis of his public life. The Danmlle Advocate of 1886 says: 

" When the tocsin of the late civil war was sounded in 
1861, young Holt was among the first of the young men of 
Kentucky to volunteer in defense of the Southern Confed- 
eracy ; was soon elected captain of his company, and before 
he was 22 years old was promoted to the colonelcy of the 
Third Kentucky Volunteer Infantry. C. S. A. He served 
with conspicuous gallantry on many bloody fields of battle, 
and returned to his home in 1865 with a parole in his pocket, 
resuming the study and practice of law. He served his State 
as Senator two terms, was elected Speaker of the Senate, and 
became Lieutenant-Governor, succeeding Governor Leslie."' 

His regiment became very much depleted, and in the last 
year or two of the war was assigned with the Seventh and 
Eighth Kentucky Intantry to General N. B. Forrest to enable 
them to recruit. He was wounded at Jackson, Miss., from 
which his right hand and arm are yet paralyzed. He was 
paroled at Gainesville, Ala., in 1865, with Forrest's command. 
Colonel Holt and his son are practicing attorneys in this city. 
He has but three children — Hon. J. Pat. Holt, Misses Mamie 
and Marguerite Holt. He joined the Confederate Historical 
Association several vears hq-q. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



12'3 




JOHN M. HUBBAHD. 



HUBBARD, JOHX MILTON, private in C^oiupany E, 
Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, is a native of Anson county, X. 
C He was educated at Ceutenai*}' College of Louisiana and 
Florence Wesleyan Universit}'. In 1858, the year of his grad- 
uation, he married Miss Lucy Hawkins of Florence, Ala., 
who in 1859 became the mother of Ernest M. Hubbard, for 
several years an officer of the Boatmen's Bank, St. Louis, Mo. 
Mr. Hubbard enlisted at Bolivar, Tenn., and was mustered 
into the service at Jackson on the 24th of May, 1861. He 
served under Chalmers, Armstrong, Van Dorn, Jackson and 
Forrest, and was pai'oled below Gainesville, Ala., on the loth 
of May, 1865. Having prepared himself for the profession 
of teaching, he was already the successful principal of a good 
male school at Bolivar when he enlisted. He was op}»oscd 
to secession and voted for Stephen A. Douglas in I860, Init 



128 SKETCHES OP^ SOLDIERS 

like thousands of others in the South when war was flagrant, 
he went with his own people in their movement for separate 
independence. Though having little conlidence in the suc- 
cess of the Confederacy after the disasters of 18G3, every 
instinct of honor prompted him to stand by the cause to the 
sorrowful end. 

Returning to Bolivar in 1865, he took up the work of teach- 
ing boj'^s in the old academy. He has had a varied experi- 
ence in his profession, but has spent the last eight years as 
President of Stanford Female College, Ky., and of Howard 
Female College, Gallatin, Tenn., which latter position he has 
recently resigned. 

In 1868 Mr. Hubbard married Miss Sallie Pybass of Boli- 
var, who became the mother of Eugene P. Hubbard and 
Arthur P. Hubbard, now residing in St. Louis in responsible 
positions. Having become a widower fi^r the second time in 
1887, Mr. Hubbard, in 1889, married Miss Mary Mac Anally, 
a well-known teacher of Memphis, but at that time the pre- 
siding teacher of Marion Female Seminary in Alabama. 

The subject of this sketch believes that duty faithfully per- 
formed is a quality of bravery, and as soldier and citizen has 
tried to live up to a fair standard, but he never did enjoy the 
presence of flying bullets or the proximity of the enemy, 
except when they were " running." Of the many exciting 
incidents in battle which he witnessed, and fiery charges of 
the Seventh Regiment in which he participated, there is not 
space here to speak, but he would be willing, if it were pos- 
sible, to have the very small number of the original Company 
E, who stood by the cause and lived to see the surrender, to 
bear witness to his record as a soldier. 

HUHN, JOHN D., private Company C, Seventh Tennes- 
see Cavalry; enlisted June 6,1861; was promoted to adju- 
tant; served through the war with splendid courage and 
patience, and was paroled May 11, 1865. 

HUMES, W. Y. C, was born at Abingdon, Va., and was a 
leading young lawyer in Memphis before the war. In April, 
1861, was chosen as First Lieutenant of Bankhead's Battery 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 129 

of Light Artillery ; participated in tlie campaig-iis around Co- 
lumbus, Ky,, under General Polk; was promoted to ca})tain 
and placed in command of heavy artillery at Island No, 10; 
after a gallant defense he was captured there and confined 
many months in prison on Johnson's Island ; was exchanged 
in the summer of 1862 and placed in command of a heavy 
battery at Mobile, Ala., but his superior abilities caused him 
soon to be called to the field, where he rose to the rank of 
major-general, and was distinguished as a cavalry leader with 
and under General Wheeler. After the surrender he returned 
to Memphis, and for a number of years had a very heavy and 
lucrative law practice; overwork may have shortened his days ; 
he died, leaving a wife (nee Elder) and several children. He 
joined this Association July 15, 1869. 

HUNT, W. R., was born in Washington, Ga. ; came to 
Memphis in 1858, when quite a young man, and engaged 
largely in planting. At the outbreak of the war he was given 
charge of the arsenal in Memphis under the Provisional Gov- 
ernment of Tennessee. After the State seceded. General 
Polk had him commissioned as lieutenant-colonel of artilU'ry. 
After Fort Donelson fell the arsenal was located at Columbus, 
Miss., and after Corinth fell it was removed to Selma, Ala., 
Colonel Hunt still in charge. In 1868 lie became chief of the 
mining and nitre bureau, and continued to the end to render 
invaluable services to the Confederacy in su[)plying the muni- 
tions of war. He was a firm, quiet man, of great earnestness 
and large executive ability : handled large bodies of men 
easily without harshness, and was intensely Southern in his 
views. Atter he was paroled he returned to Memiihis, where 
lie had a larffe estate. He became a member of this Asso- 
elation September 9, 1869, and died in 1872. 

HLJSKEY, W. 11., private Company G, Second X'irginia 
Infantry, Stonewall Jackson's Brigade; enlisted on March 1, 
1S61 ; was wounded at Gettysburg and Cedar ]\nn : eaptured 
at Gettysburg July 4, 1863, and released February 21, 1864; 
paroled May 9, 1865. Admitted to C. 11. A. June 11, 1895. 



9 



130 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

HARRISON, B. P., enlisted as a private in Company A, 
Twentieth Tennessee, in May, 1«61, and was paroled after 
the surrender. (Record incomplete.) 

HAMBLET, J. G., was a private in Company B, Forrest's 
old reo^iment; owing to his youth served twelve months be- 
fore he enlisted, in August, 1864; paroled May 11, 1865, at 
Gainesville, Ala. Joined this Association November 14, 1893. 

HILLS, J. B., was a private in Company A, Fourth Ten- 
nessee Infantry. Previous to his enlistment in Ma}^ 1862, he 
had served in tlie same command at Columbus, Ivy., Island 
No. 10 and at Corinth without enrollment. He was never 
paroled, never discharged, and in his application for member- 
ship says: " I am still a Johnnie without an army to follow." 

IVEY, A. J., Corporal Company A, Seventh Tennessee 
Cavalry; enlisted July 20, 1861, and served until the sur- 
render at Gainesville, Ala., May 11, 1865. 

JAMES, FRANK L., enlisted in service October 3, 1861 ; 
was Adjutant of the Twenty-second Louisiana Infantry; pa- 
roled May 10, 1865. After the war he was city editor of the 
Appeal under General Albert Pike; became a physician, as 
he had already studied abroad, and afterward removed to St. 
Louis. Elected a member of this Association July 1, 1869. 

JANUARY, W. VV., enlisted January 15, 1864, as a private 
in Harvey's Scouts and served in General W. H. Jackson's 
Division. These scouts were not attached to any regiment; 
paroled at Canton, Miss., April, 1865. Admitted to this As- 
sociation January 14, 1896. 

elAKNAGIN, JOHN HAMPTON, was born at Cleveland, 
Teun., September 18, 1843. At the beginning of the war 
was living at Austin, Tunica county, Miss.; joined Confed- 
erate States Army May 21, 1861, as a private in the Young 
Guards, Captain John Cameron, Ninth Tennessee, Colonel 
Carroll ; June 20, 1861, was transferred to Hindman's Legion ; 
June 10, 1861, made Second Corporal; September, 1861, pro- 
moted to Fourth Sergeant; was at the battle of Green River, 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 131 

Ky. ; at Bowling- Green when the Confederates were shelled 
out; at Shiloh, Farraington, Perryville, Mumfordsvilie. Mur- 
freesboro, Tenn., Missionar}^ Ridge, and in the general fights 
from Dalton to Atlanta; after the retreat from Atlanta was 
stationed at Griffin, Ga. ; ordered from there to Augusta and 
camp near Augusta to help Colonel Leroy O. Bridewell in 
organizing troops to be forwarded to General Jos. E. John- 
ston in South Caroliiiii, where he was until the surrender of 
General Johnston's army ; rode horseback to Meridian, Miss., 
and surrendered to Colonel Bertram, Twentieth Wisconsin, 
in May, 1865; thence on horseback liome. lie was commis- 
sioned captain and acting quartermaster February, 18(;i3, and 
served on staff duty with General John S. Marmaduke and 
'General Granberry. After the war engaged in cotton plant- 
ing in Bolivar county. Miss., and moved to Mem[>his, 1889. 
Joined the C. H. A. February 12, 1895. 

JETT, DUNCAN FRIERSON, enlisted as a private in 
Company B, Fourth Tennessee, April 26, 1861 ; three months 
later was })romoted to captain and A. C. S., and served as 
same, and as assistant district commissary, with lieadquarters 
at Atlanta, Macon and Augusta, Ga. ; was paroled May 3, 
1865, at Augusta. Admitted to this Association June 13, '94, 

JOHNSON, A. W., First Lieutenant A. P. Hill's Artillery; 
■entered the service May, 1861 ; paroled May, 1865. Admitted 
to this Association, upon personal application, July 15, 1870. 

JOHNSON, JOHN, enlisted as a private May, 1861, in the 
Sixth Tennessee Infantry ; was discharged at Tupelo, Miss., 
in 1862 ; joined the Fourteenth Tennessee Cavalry in January, 
1864, and surrendered at Gainesville, Ala., with Forrest's 
•command. May, 1865. 

JONES, D. C, Second Lieutenant of Artillery ; enlisted 
in Company A, Thirty-eighth Tennessee Infantry, August 15, 
1861, and remained in the same company throughout the 
war; served with it in heavy and light artillery. After the 
battle of Shiloh this company. Captain J. W. Rie(% was trans- 
ferred at Corinth to heavy artillery and remained in that 
branch of the service until the spring of 1864, when tlie com- 



132 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

mand was supplied with light artillery and assigned to Gen- 
eral Forrest's corps. In February, 1865, was transferred to 
heavy artillery again, sent to Mobile and remained there until 
the end of the war. 

JONES, A. D., was a private in Logwood's Battalion ; wa& 
captured near Gains Landing October 20, 1862; was seriously 
wounded at the battle of Belmont and afterward discharged 
on that account. 

JOJSTES, J. C, &on of the late Governor James O.Jones- 
joined the Oonfederate service in 1862, when he was quite 
young and just from school; became first lieutenant of cav- 
alry and was assigned to duty with General W. H. Jackson'& 
escort, with which he served to the end of the war. After- 
ward returned to Memphis and engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits for a time. He became partially paralyzed afterward 
and has since taught a select school for boys, for which work 
he has remarkable aptitude. 

JON"ES, PHIL. B.. was Adjutant of the Tenth Kentucky 
Cavalry, General John II. Morgan's Division ; was captured 
at Buflington's Island, Ohio, May 26, 1862, and released from 
prison May 22, 1865. Admitted to this Association August 
29, 1893. 

JONES, R. L., Cor})oral Company C, Fifty-first Tennessee 
Regiment; enlisted Mayo, 1862; was wounded severel.v at 
Chickamauga on September 19, 1863, and retired from the 
service by Dr. Frank Rice April 21, 18<^4, and did not recover 
from the wound until after the surrender. 

JONES, RUSSELL, private Company I, Fifty-first Ten- 
nessee ; enlisted February 5, 1862. After the Kentucky cam- 
paign his health failed and he was detailed to work in the 
government shoe shops at Atlanta, Ga.. and afterward waa 
removed to Augusta; was at the fall of Savannah. [The 
first captain of Company I was O. D. Weaver, who died at 
Knoxville and was succeeded by Captain Spivey, Colonel 
John Chester of Jackson commanding the regiment.] He 
was paroled May 5, 1865. 



CONFEDERATE lIlsroKlCAL ASSOCIATION. 



im 




J. V. JOHNSTON. 



JOHNSTOX, J. v., was born in Adair county, Ky., and 
removed to North Mississippi at an early a^e ; was engaged 
in mercantile business with R. H. Vance at Hernando when 
the war begun ; enlisted in a company at that place known as 
the "Irrepressibles," under J. R. Chalmers as captain ; went 
to Pensacola in March, 1861 ; the company became part of 
the Ninth Mississippi Regiment, with C-halmers as colonel ; 
T. W. White was elected Captain of Company K, formerly 
the "Irrepressibles;" the regiment was composed of Missis- 
sippi companies mostly from the northern part of the State. 
Mr. Johnston's first real war experience was with this com- 
pany and regiment in a night attack, October 9, 1861, on Fort 
Pickens, Santa Rosa Island, or rather on Billy Wilsop/s reg- 
iment of New York jail birds and other toughs in tents a few 
hundred yards from the fort. The leaders of the intended sur- 
prise were General Richard 11. Anderson in command, J. R. 



134 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



Chalmers in charge of the first regiment, J. Patton Ander- 
son in charge of the second, and John K. Jackson in charge 
of the third; in all, about fifteen hundred men. The plan to- 
capture the notorious Billy Wilson and his warriors of terri- 
ble repute, freshly recruited from Sing Sing and other prisons,^ 
was a failure, for the Zouaves fled to the fort, and Major Vog- 
das, with his regular troops, tried to intercept the Confeder- 
ates and cut them ofi" from their boats; a short and spirited 
engagement took place, with considerable loss on both sides ;. 
the Confederates got away with a loss of sixteen men, while 
the Federals were said to have lost more heavily. It was a 
foolhardy attack, but the experience gained was worth some- 
thing. Major Vogdas, the gallant commander of the Federal 
regulars, was captured by Colonel Chalmers and taken over 
to Pensacola, where he was paroled the next day. 

At the expiration of Mr. Johnston's terra of enlistment, 
which was for twelve months, he returned to Hernando and 
joined a company under Captain J. B. Morgan, which became 
a part of the famous Twenty -ninth Mississippi Regiment; 
was appointed ordnance sergeant; was with the regiment, 
participating in every fight and never absent from duty a 
day, on down to Atlanta, where he was wounded and dis- 
abled on the 22d of July, 1864; was in the hospital at Grifiin, 
Ga., and elsewhere for several months, and when able was 
assigned to duty under Captain W. P. Orne at Lauderdale 
Springs, Miss. ; was paroled at Grenada, Miss., May 19, 1865. 

After the surrender, Mr. Johnston came to Memphis and 
resumed a partnership with Mr. li. H. Vance, which has been 
continued for more than thirty years. He was married in 
Kentucky a few years after the war; has an interesting fam- 
ily; is a strict member of the Presbyterian Church, and has 
most strikingly illustrated the fact that a good Confederate 
soldier generally made a most exemplary and useful citizen- 
He became a member of the C. II. A. only recently. 

JONES, JOE, private Company K, Second Alabama Cav- 
alry ; enlisted in 1862, served through the war, and was cap- 
tured at Montgomery, Ala., April, 1865. 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOHICAL ASSOCIATION. 1:55 

JORDAN, G. S., was Second Lieutenant in Company II, 
Thirteenth Tennessee Infantry; was discharged, but after- 
ward served in the Twelfth Tennessee ; paroled May, 18ti5, 
at Gainesville, Ala. 

JORDAN, J. P., First Sergeant Company H, Seventeenth 
Virginia Regiment ; enlisted April, 1861, and served through- 
out the war; was wounded twice at the battle of Frazier's 
Farm, Va. ; captured there June 30, 1862, and released the 
following day ; was mentioned in special orders ])y General 
Pickett as one of four scouts who performed specially valu- 
able and heroic service; paroled April, 1865. Admitted to 
this Association October, 1894. 

KEARNEY, J. R., private Company A, Pickett's Twenty- 
first Tennessee, enlisted May 16, 1861 ; paroled May, 1865. 
Recommended for membership in the Confederate Historical 
Association by A. R. Pope, B. F. Hawkins and M. T. Garvin. 
Admitted January 14, 1896. 

KELLY, P. J., enlisted April, 1861, as a private in Com- 
pany H, Fifteenth Mississippi Regiment ; was wounded at 
Shiloh ; paroled May 5, 1865. 

KELLY, P. J., was born in County Clare, Ireland, June, 
1842, and came to Memphis in 1858; enlisted May, 1861, in 
Company A, under Captain Shockey, Knox Walker's Second 
Tennessee Regiment; went to Randolph, Fort Pillow aiul 
Columbus, and was in the battle of Belmont with the regi- 
ment; went to Purdy and on down to Shiloh, in which battle 
he was wounded in the hand, losing two fingers. The regi- 
ment was consolidated with the Twenty-first Tennessee, and 
that became the Fifth Confederate under Colonel J. A. Smith. 
Mr. Kelly was at the battles of Farmington, Miss., and Perry- 
ville, Ky., and at the latter place was wounded in the thigh, 
which lamed him for life. He was discharged in l»6o. After 
the war he married in Memphis, became a steamboat pilot and 
followed tliat calling for several years. Has three sons and a 
daughter; one son is a lawyer and the others clerks — all well 
educated. He became a member of the Association many 



136 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



years ago ; has belonged to Company A, Confederate Veterans, 
since its orgaiiization ; went to Chattanooga, Richmond and 
elsewhere, and is an active, enthusiastic member. 

KENDALL, W. R., Orderly Sergeant Fourteenth Missis- 
sippi Regiment, enlisted May 29, 1861 ; was wounded at Fort 
Donelson, and afterward served in the Ninth Mississippi Cav- 
alry; paroled May 10, 18(35. 

KENNEDY, A. E., enlisted April 18, 1861; was Sergeant 
Company A, Third Arkansas Regiment, C'olonel Harrison 
commanding; served in the Army of Tennessee, and was pa- 
roled May 6, 18t)5. 

KING, S. A., private Company I, First Confederate; shortly 
after the company was organized, it was put in H. Clay King's 
battalion, but later on was consolidated with two other com- 
panies from Wayne and Perry counties, and called the First 
Confederate; paroled May 11, 1865. Admitted to the C. H. 
A. February 12, 1895. 

KING, W. C, private Company D, Fourth Tennessee Reg- 
iment, enlisted May 15, 1861; was captured at Missionary 
Ridge in 1863 ; escaped October 30, 1864, but never succeeded 
in reaching his command or getting through the Federal lines, 
though making repeated efforts to do so. 

KINGSBURY, WILLIAM L., First Sergeant Company 
G, Nineteenth Alabama Regiment, enlisted May, 1861 ; was 
wounded at Marietta, Ga., and captured by Wilson's raiders 
just before the surrender; paroled May, 1865. Admitted to 
C. H. A. May 4, 1895. 

KIRBY, JOHN A., enlisted as a private in the Fourth 
Tennessee Infantry, May 15, 1861 ; paroled at the close of the 
war. Proposed by J. E. Beasley and T. P. Adams for mem- 
bership in this Association and elected March 3, 1869. Since 
the war has been merchant and planter; married Miss Ann 
Eliza Brooks at Ridgeway, Shelby county, Tenn.; they have 
two children, Joseph and Agnes. 

KNOX, R. L., born in Fayette county, Tenn.; was gradu- 
ated in the medical department of the University at Nash- 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOiaCAL ASSOCIATION. i;57 

ville, and had just entered upon the practice of medicine at 
Early Grove, Marshall county, Miss., when the war began ; 
€tilisted as a private in Company F, commanded by Captain 
Wm. Ivey, Seventeenth Mississippi Regiment of McLaw's 
Division; was in the first battle of Manassas and at Ball's 
Bluff, and in other engagements, serving as a private; was 
made assistant surgeon of the regiment in the latter jiart of 
1862. After the battle of Gettysburg was left in charge of 
a hospital; remained six weeks and then was sent as a }>ris- 
oner to Fort McHenry, Baltimore, where he was detained for 
five months. The ladies furnished him and other prisoners 
of his class with money to buy better food than furnished 
prisoners. The treatment was not harsh, aside from strict 
confinement. When exchanged he returned to his command 
and was with it until the surrender at Appomattox, where he 
was paroled. lie immediately returned to Early Grove, re- 
sumed the practice of his profession and was thus actively 
engaged for fifteen years. He was married to Miss Fanny C. 
Steger of Fayette county, Tenn., came to Memphis in 1883, 
and has since practiced his profession in this city. Joined 
the C. H. A. February 12, 1889. 

LAKE, WALTER S., enlisted September 26, 1863, W. F. 
Taylor's Company, General Jackson's escort ; was with the 
Seventh Tennessee; was ordnance sergeant at the close of 
the war, and paroled at Gainesville, Ala., May 12, 1865. 

LANDSTREET, EDWARD, was born in Baltimore, Md., 
August 26, 1844; enlisted in Company A, First Virginia Cav- 
valry,tlien commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel J. E. B. Stuart, 
September 15, 1861, when he was a mere boy. When Stuart 
was promoted to brigadier-general he detailed Edward Laml- 
street as courier, and he served with him and afterward under 
Fitzhugh Lee, Mosby and other noted leaders throughout the 
war. He was captured once, but escaped the same day; was 
with General Lee's army at Appomattox, but escaped with 
the cavalry, and finally surrendered with Mosby's command 
at Winchester, Ya., and was paroled by General Augur in 
May, 1865. After his return from the war he located in Bal- 



138 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

timore, became a member of the Historical Society of the 
Army and Navy of Maryhxnd, and soon after his arrival in 
Memphis, in 1888, was elected a member of the Confederate 
Historical Association of Memphis, and was one of the tirst 
to join the organization known as Company A, Confederate 
Veterans ; was elected second lieuteriant of said company in 
September, 1895, and as such attended reunion of U. C. V. 
at Richmond in June-Jul\', 1896. 

LAVENDER, G. W,, enlisted as a private in Company H,. 
Forty-first Tennessee, October 25, 1861 ; was captured at Fort 
Donelson und was exchanged; put in all possible time in the 
service until the regiment disbanded, after tlie battle of Nash- 
ville, to go home. He could not get back, and was captured ; 
was wounded at Marietta, Ga., and at New Hope Church. 

LAWHON, H. C, Lieutenant in Company D, Faulkner's 
Twelfth Kentucky Cavalry: enlisted May 15, 1861, and was 
elected Lieutenant at the reorganization at Tupelo, Miss. ^, 
was never absent, never wounded and never captured; was 
paroled May 16, 1865, at Columbus, Miss. Admitted to this 
Association July 17, 1894. 

LEVY, DANIEL SEESSEL, was born in Attweiler, Prus- 
sia, on the 22d of October, 1826, and is therefore the oldest 
active member of this Association. He came to the United 
States in 1850 and to Mississippi in 1853, and was a citizen of 
that State for thirty years. He was a merchant many years, 
and was postmaster at Skipwith in 1858-59. Enlisted April 
1, 1862, as private in Cowan's Battery, First Regiment Mis- 
sissippi Artillery; was in Featherstone's Brigade, Loring"s 
Division, Army of Tennessee; was captured at Fort Blakely, 
Ala., April 14, 1865, and released from prison at Vicksburg, 
Miss., on the 16th of May, 1865; came to Memphis in 1883. 
He was recommended on his application by Captain T. T. 
Cowan and Lieutenant G. F. Tompkins, and became a mem- 
ber of C. H. A. in 1884. Mr. Levy has been an enthusiastic 
worker in the Association, and a very active and efficient 
member of Company A, Confederate Veterans, although the 
oldest man in the company. 



CONFEDERATE lIIS'r( )];!( AL ASSOC^IATION. 



139 




RICHARD P. LAKE. 



LAKE, RICHARD P., born in Grenada, Miss., July 10, 
1848; was the young-est of four brothers in the hite war, and 
although oidy seventeen years old at the surrender he had 
been elected and served as second lieutenant of three differ- 
ent companies, and toward the last especially [lerforined impor- 
tant service generally expected of much older men. lie tirst 
enlisted in a boy's company at home, regularly drilled and 
disciplined by Captain, afterward Colonel W . S. Statham, of 
the Fifteenth Mississippi Regiment. He was elected second 
lieutenant of this company, and duty of some importaiice 
was performed without getting far from home. The older 
members one by one went olFto the war. In 1864 the young 
man having reached the mature age of sixteen years enlisted 
in Captain R. E. Wynne's company. Colonel E. S. Fisher's 
regiment, State militia, and was again elected second lieu- 
tenant, and saw some active service. Early in 1865 acted 



140 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



as assistant in the Adjutant-General's office of Colonel Dennis' 
Brigade State troops, but was soon elected to the time hon- 
ored rank and position of second lieutenant in Captain G. 
P. Lake's company in Major H. C. Horton's battalion of 
cavalry. He was placed in charge of dismounted men, and 
went with them to Scooba, Miss., thence to Artesia, where 
he was in command of the dismounted men of his brigade 
and reported to Captain Virgil V. Moore of General Arm- 
strong's command. The general lost his brigade after the 
battle of Selma and was reorganizing the remnants and some 
new material. It was this new brigade to which Lieutenant 
Lake was attached when he was surrendered in the field at 
Columbus, Miss., where he had been ordered to obtain paroles 
for his battalion. This was his last service. He has his par- 
ole yet, wliich he clierishes highly. Older men of his com- 
mand desired him to lead them across the Mississippi river, 
to fight it out over there, but he reasoned that as the Confed- 
erates had failed on this side they would soon be exhausted 
on another field, so the project was abandoned. After the 
war .Mr. Lake applied himself vigorously and successfull}' to 
business. He became a director and vice-president of the 
Mississippi & Tennessee Railroad Company, and continued as 
such until the road was bought by the Illinois Central a few 
years ago. He was a banker, merchant, planter, and general 
insurance agent. Was married in 1878 and has a grown son 
as large as himself. Removed to Memphis as a wider field 
for his energies and capital in 1894, where he and his wife 
soon became identified with the social life as well as business 
interests of the city. He soon became a member of this 
Association and of Company A, Confederate Veterans. He 
attended the Confederate reunion at Richmond with his com- 
pany in June-July, 1896, and was appointed in Special Orders 
N"o. 5 as aid-de-camp with the rank of colonel on the staff of 
Gen. Stephen D. Lee, commanding the Army of Tennessee 
Department, U. C. V., and served in that capacity. 

LEE, STACKER, private in Company A, Forrest's old 
regiment; entered the service February 18, 1863; paroled 
May, 1865. Proposed for membership by Colonel John W. 
Dawson of this Association and elected January 20, 1870. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



141 




.IAS. A. l.oriiMX. 



LOUDON, J. A., enlisted in Captuiii J. S. White's Cavuliy 
Company in Menipiiis, May, 18H1, wlieii only 15 years old; 
was in an engas^ement with Federal cavali-y at Charleston, 
Mo.; he wounded a soldier and I'elea.^^ed a iinniher of citizen 
j)risoners. IST. B. Forrest (afterward general) was a private 
in this company. At Belmont young Loudon captured a 
Federal sergeant and a large gray mule ; was tranferred to 
Captain Jack Stock's company ; next tigiit was with infantry 
on the Big Sandy; there hit captured anotlier [trisoner : next 
engaged the Federal infantry west of Pai'is: Confederates 
were outnumbered twenty to one; after sharp contiict fell 
back ; Loudon lingered and had liis hat shot ott". Soon after 
the command under Colonel H. Clay King was surprised near 
Paris, but repulsed the enemy. The company reconnoitered 
Hickman, Ky., and had a return call next morning and a 
shower of bullets ; a cannon ball killed a horse next to private 



142 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

Loudon and scattered the blood all over him. The company 
became a part of the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry ; made a 
dash on a Federal scouting party west of Paris and captured 
camp equipage. The next fight was at Diggs Mill, where 
Lieutenant Diggs was killed; then at Bolivar, Tenn., where 
the Federal Colonel Hogg in command was killed and a 
Dutch major was captured. Soon after had a light at Brit- 
ton's Lane; here private Loudon wounded a man and took 
hi til prisoner. He was in the attack on Corinth under Gen- 
erals Price and Van Dorn ; was under General Van Born on 
the raid to Holly Springs; the command afterward marched 
to Grenada with the prisoners taken and banners flying. 
During the next raid into Tennessee young Loudon was taken 
desperately ill and was sent by Surgeon Marable to a private 
house to take his chances of recovery. He finally met Gen- 
eral Alcorn, who was under parole. The general advised 
him to reach his father's boat, the " Granite State," in the 
service of the Confederacy on the Arkansas river. Through 
the kindness of Colonel " Jim " Rogers he passed through 
the lines, reached his father and was nursed back to health. 
He was refused a pass to return to his command, and was 
-assigned to duty as assistant pilot, with the rank of captain, 
on his father's boat. The army soon evacuated Little Rock 
and Pine Bluff, and he received orders to burn his father's 
boat, which he and his brother did at Swan Lake, in the fall 
of 18B4. Soon after that he was elected first lieutenant of 
Captain Bart. Gilles[)ie's company of cavalry. Colonel C'harles 
Carleton's regiment. The first raid this regiment made was 
on a negro regiment commanded by white officers, entrenched 
on the Heiskell phmtation near Pine Bluff. The attacking 
force had special orders and carried them out successfully to 
the letter. The command moved Avith General Price into 
Missouri and fought the battle of Pilot Knob, a battle near 
St. Louis, and one near Jefterson City, captured Boonville 
and Independence, and fought the battles of Mine Creek, 
Kansas, and Newtonia, Mo. The army reached its old camp 
terribly shattered. Lieutenant Loudon had participatc^d in 
-all its battles and marches. While recruiting for his company 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 143 



lie was captured by Major Davis, in oonniiainl of Federal 
cavalry, ai)d imprisoned at Pine Bhift"; was then I'enioved to 
the military prison at Little l\oek, where he endured untold 
iind indescribable hardships tor five months, and was jiaroled 
from prison May 6, 18G5. It was said of him that he killed 
and captured more than his five of the enemy, and yet it was 
all for a lost cause. After the war he returned to Mem[)his, 
«ngao^ed in business, and except a few years spent on his Ark- 
ansas plantation has been a citizen of this city since. Was 
married here to Miss Virginia Shanks in 1870; his wife died 
in 1873, leaving a son, now grown. He became a member of 
this Association among the first and has continued ever since. 
Is a member of Company A, Confederate Veterans ; attended 
the reunion of U. C. V. at Richmond, June-July, 1896, and 
the State reunion of the same, October 14 and 15 following, 
at Nashville, as a delegate from Camji No. 28, and was elected 
second vice-president of the State organization by acclama- 
tion. 

LEWIS, GEORGE W., Sergeant Company D, Fourth Ten- 
nessee Infantry ; enlisted May, 1861 ; wounded three times — 
at Shiloh, Perryville and Franklin ; paroled Ajtril 17, 1865, 
at Greensboro, N. C. Admitted to this Association in Octo- 
ber, 1894. 

LINDSTEDT, W. H., enlisted as a private in Company G, 
One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee; was wounded at 
Shiloh, and when he recovered rejoined his command after 
the battle of Murfreesboro; was discharged February 4, 1863. 

LINKIIAUEK, JOHN A., born in Prussia, July 8, 1825; 
came to New Orleans in 1840, and to Memithis, where he has 
since lived, in 1845. He enlisted in tiie First Alabama Uegi- 
ment at Meridian, Miss., served six months in the field, was 
detailed by Major Tom Peters and placed in charge of a large 
government shoe factory at Cahaba, Ala.; was afterward 
transferred to Montgomery and thence to Macon, Ga., where 
he was captured by Wilson's raiders; was paroled on April 24, 
1865, came home in the following September, and has ever 
since been engaged in business. lie joined this Association 
at an earlv da v. 



144 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

l^OCKE, CHAS. G., born in Memphis ; is a sou of the late 
Gardner B. Locke, who was mayor of Memphis in 1848; his 
mother's family came from New England. The Lockes came 
from England and settled in Virginia in 1710. Two of C. G. 
Locke's great-grandfathers were in the Revolutionary war, 
and one of them served on General Washington's staff. In 
April, 1861, C. G. Locke was temporarily in Arkansas, and 
enlisted in the Rector Guards of DesArc, a company which 
became part of the Fifteenth Arkansas Regiment, with P. R. 
Cleburne as colonel. In July, 1868, he was transferred to the 
Sixth and ISTinth consolidated Tennessee Regiment, and was 
on its rolls to the end ot the war. He served as a private, and 
once declined to be elected captain. At Perry ville the drum 
of his left ear was broken by the cannonading, and he is deaf 
yet in that ear. At the battle of Chickamauga he was 
wounded in the left leg immediately above the knee. Gan- 
grerie supervened and the flesh sloughed oft', leaving several 
large, ugly scars. This wound never healed until a year and 
a half after the wai* was over. Altiiough in the hosjiital at 
vV est Point, Ga., he volunteered, in company with a handful 
of wounded soldiers and recruits, to go into the fort to tight 
Wilson's forces. Here he lost his right arm at the shoulder 
joint only a few minutes before the enemy poured over the 
breastworks. It was probably the last bloody tight of the 
war, having taken place April 16, 1865, a week after Lee's 
surrender and ten days previous to Joe Johnstoii's surrender. 
It was liere tliat the heroic General R. C. Tyler of Memphis 
was killed on his crutches. 

Private Locke was also in the battles of Richmond, Ky., 
and Murfreesboro, Tenn., as well as several lesser engage- 
ments. He treasures with commendable pride a certificate 
from T. H. Osborne, captain of his company at the time of 
his transfer to the Tennessee regiment, who wrote the follow- 
ing on his descriptive list: "The said C. G. Locke was not 
only present at the above mentioned battles, but acted with 
marked bravery in each, and especially at the battle of Mur- 
freesboro. I recommend him for promotion as having been 
a dutiful, patriotic and gallant soldier." 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 145 

He is the last of his immediate family, his nearest relative 
being a young nephew in Florichi. He became a member of 
this Association March 20, 1870. Has been connected with 
the business departments of daily papers in Memphis nearly 
ever since the war, and is a leading member of the Masonic 
fraternity. He is the survivor of four brothers, who were all 
in the Confederate army for four years. The oldest brother, 
James Bowdoin Locke, was Captain of Company C, Sixth 
and Ninth Tennessee Regiments, and was in every skirmish 
and battle in which that regiment was engaged from Belmont 
to Franklin. William Locke was absent through sickness for 
several months in 1862, but was present and on duty at all 
other times during the entire war. Joseph Locke served iirst 
in the Thirteenth Tennessee Infantr\-, and being discharged 
iin account of his youth at Tupelo, Miss., joined the cavalry 
with Richardson and afterward with Forrest. These three 
bi'others were all wounded slightly several times each, the 
only severe wound being received by Captain Locke through 
the right lung at Franklin. 

LOGWOOD, THOS. IL, entered the Confederate service 
in May, 1861, as Captain of Memphis Light Dragoons, Sixth 
Battalion of Tennessee Cavalry. On organization at (\)lum- 
bus, Iv}'., Captain Logwood was elected lieutenant-colonel ; at 
the battle of Belmont he crossed the river with two compa- 
nies of cavalry and took a decisive part in that engagement. 
He was commissioned to raise a regiment of mounted Lancers 
but the idea was abandoned. In 1863, by authority from the 
Secretary of War, he organized a fresh regiment in West 
Tennessee, and was commissioned as Colonel of the Sixteenth 
Tennessee Cavalry. This was inside the Federal lines, and 
when General Forrest ordered the regiment to report at Ox- 
ford, Miss., it was scattered, and only about three hundred 
men responded. It was consolidated witii the Fifteenth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry and a battalion of Mississippi cavalry, with 
T. H. Logwood as lieutenant-colonel. The regiment nnide a 
tine record. Colonel Logwood was in command of the troops 
that entered Memphis August 21, 1864, and was promoted to 
the full colonelcy of his regiment for gallant services rendered 
10 



146 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

on that day. The Fifteenth was at Johnsonville, with Hood 
in Tennessee, and in numerous heavy fights, and was paroled 
at Gainesville, Ala. Col. Logwood practiced law in Mempliis 
before and after the war, and died several years ago, leaving 
a wife and son. He became a member of this Association 
April 28, 1870. 

LOWRY, WILL J., private Company C, Seventh Missis- 
sippi Cavalry, under Forrest; enlisted July, 1862; paroled 
May 11, 1865. Admitted to C. H. A. March 15, 1895. 

MAHONEY, E., was born October 17, 1844, in the city of 
Cork, Ireland ; enlisted as private in Company A, Forty-third 
Alabama, in February, 1S62 ; was detailed for duty in tl)e ord- 
nance department under Major Wagner and so remained until 
the end of the war, the Forty-third Alabama having been 
ordered to Virginia. Joined the Confederate Historical As- 
sociation April 11, 1893. 

MALONE, G. B., private Company E, Ninth Tennessee 
Infantry; enlisted June 7, 1861; discharged for being under 
age in 1862; served with the Twelfth Tennessee Cavalry, 
Reno's and Morton's batteries, and in Company H, Forrest's 
old regiment; rejoined the army; served in artillery as ord- 
erly sergeant for one year, then restored to cavalry as private ; 
captured near Somerville, Tenn., March 9, 1863, and escaped 
April 27, 1863 ; paroled May 11, 1865. Joined this Associa- 
tion June 13, 1894. 

MALONE, W. B., born 16th September, 1842; entered 
service as a private in Company A, Twelfth Kentucky, April, 
1862; served through the war and was paroled May 16, 1865. 

MANSON, J. A., Lieutenant Company A, Cobb's Georgia 
Legion; enlisted August, 1861; was wounded at Knoxville, 
Tenn., November 19, 1863, and at Sailor's Creek, Va., April 
6, 1865; captured at the last place, and paroled June 19, 1865. 
He became a citizen of Hardeman county, Tenn., soon after 
the war; taught school and became a farmer, as he is yet ; 
served several terms in the Legislature and was Speaker of 
the House of Representatives; was appointed United States 



CONFEDEKATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 147 

Marshal tor the District of West Tennessee, by President 
Clevehmd, in 1893, and still tills tiiat position, with head(iuar- 
ters in Memphis. Joined the Confederate Historical Associa- 
tion August 13, 1895. 

MARCUM, WM. J., Sergeant Company D, Ninth Missis- 
sippi Regiment; enlisted Marcii, 1861; was wounded at Mnn- 
fordville, Ky., September, 1862, and was discharged shortly 
after the battle of Missionary Ridge in 1863. Admitted to 
this Association March 15, 1895. 

MARION, NATHAN, private in Company A, First Ala- 
bama Cavalry; enlisted April 19, 1861 ; was afterward trans- 
ferred to Russell's Battalion, which was merged into the 
Fourth Alabama Cavalry, under Colonel A. A. Russell, serv- 
ing under Forrest to the end of the war; was wounded at 
Shiloh and Shelby ville ; paroled May 14,1865. Admitted to 
this Association December 11, 1894. 

MARTIN, J. H., w^as born in Winston county, Miss., Octo- 
ber 28, 1840, and came to Memphis with his father's family in 
1848, then moved to Arkansas in 1850; after completing his 
education he returned to Memphis in 1857 and remained until 
the beginning of the civil war; became a member of "Log- 
wood's Light Dragoons" before hostilities began, and on May 
16, 1861, almost the entire company was mustered into service 
of the Confederate States Army and left Memphis at once for 
active service around Randolph, Tenn., where General Gideon 
J. Pillow was in command. Their first actual engagement 
was at the battle of Belmont, and it is the testimony of sur- 
vivors that not a man of the company, when drawn up in 
line on the bank of the Mississippi river, showed the least 
degree of fear, though they were within three hundred yards 
of General Grant's line of infantry, who were exchanging a 
heavy musketry fire with Colonel Charles Carroll's regiment, 
Fifteenth Tennessee Infantry. This entire absence of emotion 
was doubtless owing in part to a lack of appreciation of 
the danger, as some of them confessed to great trepidation in 
many much less dangerous positions in succeeding years of 
the WRV. At the reorganization of the army after the ninety- 



148 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

day enlistments expired, the company \\ as reorganized as Com- 
pany A, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, under that brilliant com- 
mander Colonel W. H. Jackson, and when he became general 
the company was detached from the regiment to act as hi& 
escort. About February, 1863, Mr. Martin was promoted^ 
upon the recommendation of General Jackson, for merito- 
rious performance of duty, to the rank of first lieutenant, and 
assigned to duty on his stafi'. In December, 1863, Captain 
James Crump, aid-de-camp to General Jackson, was killed in 
battle near Sharon, Miss., and again, at the request of General 
Jackson, Lieutenant Martin was appointed to succeed him,, 
and still holds his commission as such, and served in that 
capacity until the close of the war. 

After the surrender Captain Martin came to Memphis, and 
has ever since been actively and successfully engaged in large 
business aifairs ; he married Miss Nina D. Wood, and they have 
reared an interesting famil}'. He is a quiet, energetic man, 
and has built up large interests, without losing sight of old 
friends or forgetting the strong ties of comradeship existing 
between old soldiers. He was on the general's staff at the 
inter-State drill held in Memphis May, 1895, and contributed 
much to the success of that brilliant event. He joined the 
Confederate Historical Association in 1884. 

MARTIN, JOHN C, was born in Shelby county, Tenn., 
December 2, 1843; enlisted December 1, 1862, in Company 
E, Twelfth Tennessee Regiment. At West Point, Miss., this 
regiment and Forrest's regiment, or McDonald's battalion,, 
were consolidated, and then Colonel Kelly became the com- 
mander; fought through the war under Forrest, and was- 
paroled May 6, 1865. 

MASON. FRANK, private in Company D, Eleventh Ten- 
nessee, Preston Smith's Brigade; was born May 22, 1844, in 
Davidson county, Tenn. ; enlisted May 1,1861; was in the 
battle of Wild Cat, Ky., siege of Cumberland Gap and vari- 
ous other engagements; was in the Dalton, Ga., campaign, 
and was wounded on the 22d of July, 1864, in front of At- 
lanta; paroled May 3, 1865, at Augusta, Ga. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



149 





J. HARVEY MATHES, 

Adjutnnl Thirty-Sevonth Temiesseo Rcsiiiu^nt in \H{>: 



MATHES, JAMES HARVEY, was boni near Daiulridge, 
Jefferson county. East Tennessee, on the old place where his 
grandfather lived and where his father, Rev. William Alfred 
Mathes, still lives ; he comes of revolutionary stock on all 
^ides ; received an academic education at Westminster Eng- 
lish and Classical School and was prepared to pass through 
•college in a year or two when the war began ; was in Alabama 
when Fort Sumpter fell ; returned home, raised a company 
for Confederate service, was elected captain and drilled the 
company for two months, but it was distributed in different 
commands and he enlisted as private in a company intended for 
service in Virginia; this became Company C, Thirty-seventh 
Tennessee Regiment, organized at Knoxville b}^ Colonel W. 
H. Carroll of Memphis. Private Mathes was elected orderly 
sergeant, and was soon after appointed sergeant-major by 
Colonel Carroll. The regiment was brought to Germautown, 



150 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

near Mempbis, then ordered back to Cbattanooga and Knox- 
ville, and became inured to marching and about-facing before 
ever smelling a battle. While at Knoxville Sergeant-Major 
Mathes was detailed to serve in the Adjutant-General's de- 
partment on the staif of Major-General Geo. B. Crittenden^ 
and saw some very pleasant service in hotel headquarters. 
When the midwinter march to Mill Springs, Ky., began he 
shouldered a gun, joined his regiment and shared the fatigues 
and dangers of that ill-starred campaign. Crossed the river 
at Mill Springs on January 19, 1862, and was under fire at the 
end of the battle of Fishing Creek and aided in bringing up 
the rear of the retreat. After the battle of Shiloh he was 
elected first lieutenant of his company and commanded it for 
a time, being then in Marmaduke's Brigade, and participated 
in the minor engagements about Farmington. Accepted a 
commission direct from the War Department, and was assigned 
to duty as adjutant of the regiment, with which he served in 
B. R. Johnson's Brigade, Buckner's Division, in the Kentucky 
campaign, and was in the battle of Perry ville (see Lindsley's 
Annals, page — ), and on the return to Knoxville served tem- 
porarily as adjutant of brigade ; was in the battle of Mur- 
freesboro, December 31, 1862, all day long, under Cleburne; 
the field officers of the regiment were all three shot down, 
and he was left practically in command of the regiment, 
though outranked by a captain of the line. In the spring of 
1863 was stationed at Chattanooga; was adjutant of camp 
direction and inspector of posts on the line to Dalton ; was 
sent to Vicksburg on a special mission, remained a few days 
and came out on the last train before the surrender of the 
place; after that was ordered to report to General Bragg at 
Shelbyville, and received special orders to look after posts 
and recruiting stations, which took him to various parts of 
the Confederacy, and involved some arduous and perilous 
work. Tiring of this he asked to be reassigned to his old 
regiment, where he was offered command of a company ; was 
returned, but at Dalton was assigned to duty as inspector of 
Tyler's Brigade ; served actively at Dalton and on the cam- 
paign to Atlanta; was almost constantly at the front, and, 
was under fire seventy days out of seventy-five, and was act- 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOHICAI. ASbCXTATIUX. 



101 




I 

r 



J. llAiiVKY MATHES, 

Honorary Member Company A, Confederate N'eteransof 

Menipliis, December, IS!)(j. 

ino^ iidjotant-general on the statt" of General Tom Heiiton 
Smith when desperately wounded on July 22, 1804, in front 
of Atlanta. The shell that wounded him killed his horse. 
That night the leg of the young staff officer was am})utatod 
by Surgeon J. C.Hall, now of Anguilla, Miss., in the presence 
of several surgeons and friends. Colonel L. J. Dupre, who 
was present as a war correspondent, wrote a very pathetic 
account of the event. He saw no more active service ; was 
in the hospital at Columbus, Ga., several months, and had the 
gangrene and another operation upon his leg. Came to Mem- 
phis after the surrender, and was paroled here May 13, 1865, 
and has his parole as well as commission yet. 

Captain Mathes became connected with the press, was on 
the Argus, the Avalanche and the Louisville Courier, and for 



152 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

many years was editor of the Memphis Public Ledger. Has 
been elected to public office several times ; served two terms 
in the Legislature ; was a commissioner to the Paris Exposi- 
tion from Tennessee in 1878; was for twelve years a member 
of the board of visitors to the University of Tennessee at 
Knoxville ; was elector on the National Democratic ticket in 
1884, and has held other positions of honor and trust; is a 
Mason; belongs to the Knights of Honor, A. O. U. VV,, and 
other organizations. A few years after the war he was mar- 
ried to Miss Mildred Spotswood Cash of Forest Hill, Shelby 
county, Tenn. By this marriage were born five children — 
Mildred Overton, Lee Dandridge, Benjamin Cash, J. Harvey^ 
Jr., and Talbot Spotswood, all living and at home except the 
oldest son recently married in Chicago and now living in 
Norfolk, Va. Captain Mathes was one of the early mem- 
bers of the C. H. A., and is an honorary member of Com- 
pany A, Confederate Veterans. 

MARTIN, E. J., served in the A. C. S. Department of For- 
rest's corps, and was captured at Durham ville, Tenn., March 
1, 18t)5; released from prison and paroled following month. 

MAULDIN, W. D., First Sergeant Company H, Twenty- 
second Tennessee Infantrj', Gordon's Brigade ; enlisted July 
18,1861; wounded at Belmont, Mo.; captured at Nashville 
on Hood's raid December 18, 1864, and exchanged at Camp 
Chase, Ohio, February 28, 1865 ; paroled on April 25, 1865. 
Admitted to C. H. A. August 13, 1895. 

MAY, LAMBERT, entered service early in 1861 ; served 
on the staff" of General Withers with the rank of major; 
paroled on the 26th of April, 1865. His name was proposed 
for membership in this Association by General Patton An- 
derson, and he was elected September 9, 1869. 

MAYO, ALBERT, First Sergeant Company I, Fourth Ten- 
nessee ; enlisted May 15, 1861 ; paroled May 26, 1865. Ad- 
mitted to the C. H. A. May 4, 1895. 

McCALLA, J. G., born June, 30, 1834, in Lincoln county, 
Tenn.; enlisted in the C. S. A. May, 1861 ; became Captain 
of Company D, Twelfth Tennessee Cavalry ; served through 



CONP^EDEHATE IHSTOKIOAL ASSOCIATION. I.i3 



tlie war and discharged in March, 1805. Recommended lor 
membership by General A. J. Vano:lian and Dr. W. S. llogers. 

McCALLUM, JOHN F., was one of the ])oy soldiers of 
the war. He was born in Shelby county, Tenn., iS'ovend>er 25, 
1848. He became a private in Company A, Seventh Tennes- 
see Cavalry, in 18G3, having run away from home to join the 
army, which he found near Holly Springs. He weighed then 
less than 100 pounds, and owing to his extreme youth was 
hardly considered a soldier by his comrades and otHcers. Still 
he performed full duty and was with the command nearly a 
year. His company was detailed as escort for General W. 
H. Jackson, and he served as courier for a time. He was 
seriously wounded in the fight at Cotteeville, Miss., Decem- 
ber 5, 1«63, and was left on the field and narrowly escaped 
•capture. His friends and his negro boy thought it impossible 
to remove him ; gave him some money and other comforts and 
left him to his fate. But he slipped out that night and soon 
turned up at Grenada. After that he was unfit for service, 
and is to this day a sufferer from his wound. After the war 
he became a successful business man ; was a charter member 
of this Association under the application made in 1884. 

McCARVER, ARCH., enlisted October 1, 1861, in Com- 
pany E, Twelfth Tennessee Cavalry; was a gallant soldier 
throughout the war, and was paroled April 25, 1865. He has 
since been in business in Memphis, and served one term as 
sheriff of Shelby county. 

McCLURG, P. M., private Company K, Thirty-first Ala- 
bama Regiment; enlisted April 12, 1862, and served in the 
Army of Tennessee. (No other record appears.) 

McCROSKEY, H. A., born on the 9th of July, 1842, in 
Shelby county, Tenn.; enlisted in Company B, Ninth Missis- 
sippi Regiment and afterward served in Company C, same 
regiment; was on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, 
commanding post and department; was wounded three times 
in battles of Murfreesboro and Chickamauga and as General 
Bragg retreated out from Corinth, Miss. ; paroled on the 17th 
of May, 1865. Joined the C. H. A. September 15, 1891. 



154 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

McFARLAND, L. B., enlisted iis private in Company A, 
N^intli Tennessee, May 24, 1861 ; became sergeant-major of 
the regiment; appointed second lieutenant in Ninth ''i'ennes- 
see in April, 1863 ; served as volunteer aid-de-camp to General 
George Maney ; was wounded in the left arm at the battle of 
Shiloh; was in every battle of Cheatham's Division except 
Franklin; was captured at West Point, Ga., April 16, 1865, 
and finally released in the following month. He returned to 
Memphis, and has been for many years a leading member of 
the bar. Joined the C. H. A. August 13, 1869. 

McGHEE, VV. T., private in the " Como Avengers," of the 
Eighteenth Mississippi Cavalry. The company was organized 
in April or May, 1861, at Memphis; he was at Fort Pillow^ 
Columbus, Ky., Bowling Green, at Shiloh, Vicksburg, and 
after that was in General Forrest's escort and with him in all 
his campaigns until the end of the war; was first in General 
J. S. Bowen's Brigade; paroled May 11, 1865. 

McGOWAJST, E. L., private in Company A, Seventh Ten- 
nessee Cavalry, Rucker's Brigade, Jackson's Division ; en- 
listed August, 1862 ; served through the war, and paroled 
May 17, 1865 ; was afterward sheriff" of Shelby county and a 
prominent Front Row merchant in Memphis. Admitted to 
the C. H. A. October, 1894. 

McDAVITT, J. C, enlisted while practicing law with the 
late Chancellor Kortrecht, May 10, 1861, as a private in 
Bankhead's Battery. He was soon made second lieutenajit, 
and in November, 1861, was promoted to senior first lieuten- 
ant of the battery, which he commanded at Shiloh, where he 
was wounded. In the fall of 1862 he was transferred to 
General Maury's command at Mobile, Ala., as instructor and 
inspector of artillery, and for several months in 1863 com- 
manded the ironclad floating battery and Battery Mcintosh 
(of eleven heavy guns) oft' Mobile. In June, 1864, he was 
transferred to the general staff' of Lieutenant-General Polk,, 
where he was inspector and adjutant of artillery of Polk's 
corps, participating in the battles of the Georgia campaign 
from Kennesaw Mountain to Atlanta, including those around 



CONFEDERATE JII8T0K1CAE ASSOCIATION. 



155 




J. C. McI)A\ ITT. 



the latter place. Early in September, 1864, he was again 
transferred to Mobile as inspector of artillery under Colonel 
Burnett, and was stationed at the heavy batteries in the bay 
until the surrender of Mobile in April, 1805. He was paroled 
at Meridian, Miss., May 4, 1865, with the raids; of first lieu- 
tenant of artillery. Joined the C. H. A. May 29, 1884. 

After the war he was of the law lirm of McDavitt & ]iond, 
and of Estes, Jackson & McDavitt. For the last fifteen years- 
he has confined himself to examinations of titles to real estate. 

The only surviving oificers of the battery engaged at the 
battle of Shiloh, as far as known, are J. C. McDavitt and Wm. 
Mecklenburg Polk, son of General Leonidas Polk, who was 
at that time junior lieutenant of the battery. The latter is 
now one of the noted physicians in New York city. Mr. 
McDavitt was born in Kentucky, and is descended on both 
sides of the house from Southern ante-Revolutionary ances- 
tors. His grandfather, Jas. McDavitt, was born in Charles- 
ton, S. C, in 1767 



156 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

McHENRY, E. B., born in Jefferson City, Mo., in 1840, 
and lived there until 1861; entered active service Maj' 10, 
1861 ; was with General Sterlino; Price in all his campaigns 
in Missouri and Arkansas in 1861-62; was under fire first at 
Carthage, Mo., in July, 1861, where Sigel was met and driven 
back to Springfield, Mo.; was in the battle of Wilson Creek 
August 10, 1861, and in siege of Lexington in September of 
same year; wintered at Springfield, which place was evacu- 
ated February 13, 1862; was in the battle at Elk Horn Tav- 
ern on Pea Ridge, Ark., March 6 and 7, 1862. He crossed to 
the east side of the Mississippi river with Price and remained 
there until December, 1862, when he returned to Arkansas 
and assisted in recruiting Wood's Battalion of Cavalry, of 
which he was made adjutant (afterward a full regiment). 
Served in the brigades of both Marmaduke and Shelby, and 
with the latter went to Missouri in 1863, leaving Arkadel- 
phia, Ark., and striking the Missouri river at Boonville, and 
from there to Waverly, Mo., and thence south to Washing- 
ton, Ark. 

In 1864, unattached, the regiment went again to Missouri 
under General Sterling Price to make a diversion in favor 
of Hood's army; "diverted"" enough of the Federal army 
to send the Confederates back in a hurry from Westport, 
Mo., afrer having traversed the State from Doniphan to that 
place, passing in the close vicinity of St. Louis and Jefferson 
City. The army camped one night in sight — in gunshot — of 
Adjutant McHenry's father's house, which he had left June 
15, 1861. His regiment was active in the fights at Poison 
Spring, Jenkin's Ferry, Monticello, Mark's Mill and all the 
battles fought by General Price in his raid to Missouri in 
1864. He surrendered at Shreveport, La., June 8, 1865, and 
returned to his old home in August of that year, where he 
was permitted to remain two days, being served at the end of 
that time with an elaborate paper setting forth that, "where- 
as certain traitors to the government of the United States by 
the name of George F. Rootes, Ashley W. Ewing and E. B. 
McHenry, have recently returned to this city fresh from the 
ranks of treason and rebellion," etc., etc., " therefore, we 



CONFEDERATE 11I«T0111CAL ASSOCIATION. 



157 




MAJ. E. B. McHEXKY. 



pledge to each other our lives and sacred honor to remove 
said parties from this community, peaceably it" we can, forci- 
bly if we must, and that within the next twenty-four hours. 
Witness our hands, etc., Aug. 2G, 18G5." (Signed by twenty- 
nine.) Accompanying these "whereases" was the following- 
notice : " To E. B. McHeni-y — ^'()u are liereby furnislu'd with 
a copy of an instrument we have signed by which you will 
see that you are required to leave this community within the 
next twenty-four hours or else take the consequences of re- 
maining." This notice was signed by the same twenty-nine 
who had promulgated the " whereases " and resolution. It 
is needless to say he did not require twenty-four hours to 
shake the dust of his native place from his tcet and leave 
them in peace and quiet. 

Mr. McHenry came to Memi)his in 8ei»teml)er, 1865, where 
he has since resided. He married Miss Marv Twvlor of Clin- 



158 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

ton, La., in 1871. They have had born to them only one 
chihl, Edgar T. McHenry, now a grown man. He was Clerk 
and Master of the Chancery Court of Memphis under Chan- 
cellor Estes, and has been a member of the Memphis bar 
for many years ; was one of the early members of the Con- 
federate Relief and Historical Association, and after dropping 
out for a time rejoined the present organization January 8, 
1895. 

McKINNEY, JOHN FLETCHER, enlisted as a private 
in Company B, Forrest's old regiment, May, 1861 ; served 
through the war and paroled at Gainesville, Ala., May, 1865. 

Mcknight, W. T., private in Company H, Armistead's 
Alabama Cavalry; enlisted in October, 1863; was paroled 
in May, 1865. Transferred to this Association from Camp 
Sumpter U. C. V, No. 332, Livingstone, Ala., November 24, 
1894. 

McLEAN, WM. L., left Memphis, Tenn., bound for Pen- 
sacola, Fla., to join the Fifteenth Mississippi Regiment, April 
1, 1861 ; found that regiment full and returned. The Twelfth 
Arkansas Regiment was then camped near his father's house 
and hundreds were down with the measles. Ladies organ- 
ized an aid society to nurse them. His mother was elected 
president. Colonel E. W. Gantt, through gratitude, oifered 
to till the first vacancy with young McLean if he would join, 
and he did so near New Madrid, Mo.; was assigned to duty 
as operator in the signal corps under Captain C. C. Cum- 
mings. General Beauregard's stafii". In a few weeks he was 
made lance sergeant and ordered to Corinth, Miss. When 
the army fell back to Tupelo was recommended to General 
Maury and appointed First Lieutenant Twelfth Battalion 
Arkansas Sharpshooters, four companies of fifty picked men in 
each, W. L. Cabell's Brigade, Maury's Division, Price's Corps, 
Army Mississippi and East Louisiana. Soon after this Cap- 
tain Cunningham was promoted to major, and McLean was 
by him recommended to General Earl Van Born and by him 
recommended to the Confederate War Department; was ap- 
pointed captain of signal corps and assigned to General Mau- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 159 



ry's staif. The former captain of Company 15, Twelfth l);ii- 
talion, Jas. A. Ashfortl, was ordered to Arkansas to recruit. 
Captain McLean was again assigned to the company. After 
participating in all the battles from Corinth to Big Black, 
Miss., Company B was cut down to seven men and one offi- 
cer, and surrendered May 17, 1863, to General Grant's army, 
that being the day he invested Vicksburg. Captain McLean 
was sent to Johnson's Island and arrived there June 5, 1863; 
occupied room Xo. 18, block 3, and with his bunk mate, John 
II. Morgan, slept on the same two-foot bunk, grinding their 
wallet of straw — filled once — into powder. On the •24th day 
of February, 1865, left the island on the ice over Sandusky 
Bay to Sandusky ; thence to Pittsburg, Baltimore, down the 
Chesapeake Bay, Fortress Monroe, Hampton Roads, Norfolk 
nud up the James river to Richmond ; paroled there March 
1, 1865. Went through Virginia, North and South Carolina, 
Oeorgia, to Opelika, Ala.; walked from there to Columbus, 
Miss., across the entire State of Alabama, and walked most 
of the way from there to Memphis, arriving May 15, 1865. 
Went to farming and gardening at once ; followed it fourteen 
years. In 1879 became a commercial traveler, and is engaged 
in that pursuit now. Joined this Association January 12, 
1888, and is an enthusiastic member of Company A, Confed- 
erate Veterans. 

McNEAL, A. T., w^as a private in Company B, Fourth 
Tennessee ; enlisted May 15, 1861, and paroled in April, 1865, 
with General Joe Johnston's army at Greensboro, N. C. He 
served first at Randolph and Fort Pillow, then at Columbus, 
Ky., under General Polk, and subsequently in the various 
campaigns of the Army of Tennessee. After the war he 
returned to his grand old home at Bolivar, Tennessee, and 
became one of the leading lawyers of the State, as he is yet. 
He has been a prominent and potential factor in State poli- 
tics, and was often suggested and urged for Governor or other 
high office, but has always declined political preferment, and 
adhered to the pursuit of his profession and the serene enjoy- 
ment of a happy home life. Joined the Confederate Historical 
Association September 9, 1884. 



160 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

MERRm, T. C, born December 25, 1845 ; enlisted in the 
C. S. A. as a private in Company F, First Arkansas Cavalry, 
September 1, 1861 ; captured at Lexington, Mo., October 19, 
1864, and released from prison June 19, 1865; was a second 
lieutenant at the close of the war. 

MILLER, GEO. W., joined Captain Wm. Miller's Com- 
pany of Light Artillery at Memphis April, 1861, as a private, 
and at the reorganization was placed in the First Tennessee 
Artillery, Colonel Andrew Jackson, Jr., commanding ; after 
the fall of Vicksburg, served as ordnance officer for Batteries 
Hager, Tracey and Spanish Fort, in Mobile Bay, until the 
evacuation by troops; was elected first lieutenant at the re- 
organization ; was wounded at Spanish Fort; was never sick 
so as to lose a day's duty; went to Meridian, and was there 
paroled May, 1865. Joined the Confederate Historical Asso- 
ciation June 13, 1894. 

MILLER, M. J., private, enlisted April, 1861 ; was wounded 
once in the battle of Redlick Church, Miss. ; was in the com- 
mands of Pillow, Polk, McCown and others, and with I. N. 
Brown of the Confederate States Navy. 

MILLER, MARSHALL JEFFRIE, who became a mem- 
ber of the Confederate Historical Association November 11, 
1884, was born at Princeton, Ky., August 28, 1822. His 
father, Reuben B. Miller, of Fauquier county, Va., was next 
to the youngest of ten brothers who had only one sister. 
Eight of the brothers served in the Revolutionary war. Reu- 
ben B. Miller was in the battle of New Orleans and in the 
Creek war. His wife was a Bradburne ; her brother John D. 
served in the army of Mexico from 1821 until the breaking 
out of the war with the United States, w^hen he resigned. 
Meantime he had been military governor of the Mexican State 
of California. The Bradburne family was connected by mar- 
riage witii the Blackburns, Shelbys, Johnsons, Flournoys, and 
other prominent families of Kentucky. In early life M.J. 
Miller became a pilot and settled in Memphis in 1850. At the 
beginning of the war he was ordered to command a small 
steamer called the Grampus. The vessel was 132 feet long, 



confp:i)kiiate ihstoricaj. as^cxiatiom. i«;i 



24 feet beam, and 4 feet hold, with 3 boilers and 5 foot stroke 
of engines. Captain Miller armed his men witii muskets mid 
mounted three pieces of artillery — one twenty-pounder amid- 
ships, and two six-pounders placed fore and aft. A larger 
wheel was constructed, and the vessel could^ then make tiie 
trip from Columbus to Memphis in nine liours. The Gramjms 
was used as a scout, performed some marvellous exploits, and 
was finally sunk at the bombardment of Island 10. Captain 
Miller afterward reported to Secretary of War Mallory at 
Richmond, came back to the West, and was in active service 
in various capacities on both sides of the Mississippi until the 
end of the war ; he was near Selma when that i)lacc fell. 
After the surrender he came to Memjihis, and on June 5, 18(55, 
procured license as master and pilot and continued in active 
service as such until 1895. He still has his license, but has 
been disabled temporarily by the grip. He has a wife and 
one son. 

MITCHELL, J^^O. R., was born in Carroll county, Tenn., 
where his parents had just removed from South Carolina; 
lived there temporarily, and was taken to Mississippi when a 
child. His father, Jno. C. Mitchell, became a wealthy planter 
of DeSoto county, Miss., and gave three sons to the Confed- 
eracy. John R. enlisted, wdien a mere youth, in State service 
August 22, 1862; after serving twelve months under General 
J. Z. George, was discharged; re-enlisted for three years or 
the war with General Frank Armstrong's escort; was in nu- 
merous cavalry engagements, in one of which, near Holly 
Springs, his horse was beheaded by a cannon ball, and he 
himself was wounded and left for dead on the field. He was 
in many lights in Georgia; was cut off from his command 
while on a visit to his father, who had refugeed to South Cai- 
olina. When Hood's army left Atlanta he remained with 
Wheeler's Cavalry, and was in numerous skirmishes on down 
toward the sea, seeing much hard service. After the battle 
of Franklin he rejoined his command at West Point, Miss.; 
was wounded at Wall Hill and captured at the battle of Sel- 
ma, Ala., about A})ril 2, 1865, and received a parole about 
three weeks later with the forces of General Wilson, near the 
11 



163 SKETCPIES OF SOLDIERS 

State line in Georgia, with whose cavalry he had marched on 
foot two hundred miles ; after that he and six other members of 
bis company walked all the way to Desoto county. Miss,, in 
sixteen days; coming on to Memphis, be was sent back to 
Senatobia and paroled there. His home was one of desola- 
tion and mourning, as so often found by returning iSoutberu 
soldiers; the family was onlj' half the size as wben he left; 
his mother and youngest brother had died in 1862, and soon 
after two brothers were killed in battle in Virginia. 

Mr. Mitchell married Miss Adelia liobertson, a niece of two 
company comrades, in 1867, and lived on his father's old home- 
stead until 1873, and has since been engaged as clerk, a large 
part of the tinif, in the county trustee's office. He is now a 
member of Company A, Confederate Veterans, and has done 
much to keep up the organization to a high standard of zeal 
and efficiency, and was with it at the sixth annual reunion of 
U. C. V. in Kichmond in June and Jul}', 1896. 

MITCHELL, ROBERT WOOD, son of General Guilford 
Dudley Mitchell, was born in Madison county, Tenn., and 
removed to Missis8ip[)i when very young; was educated at 
Centenary College, Jackson ; read medicine in Vicksburg, 
graduated at the L^niversity of Louisiana, returned to Vicks- 
burg, and was elected phj'sician of the hospital tbere in 1857. 
He removed to Memphis in 1858; was elected secretary of 
the board of health; organized the Mempbis City Hospital, 
and was made physician in charge. In 1861 he became Assist- 
ant Surgeon in the Fifteentb Tennessee Regiment, Infantry, 
and in the autumn of the same year was made Surgeon of the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Regiment ; afterward became brigade, 
and then division, surgeon, and served continuously with the 
Army of Tennessee until the end of the war. He returned to 
Memphis, and married Miss Rebecca Park in 1872 ; was very 
prominent in the epidemics that visited Memphis years ago, 
and is still an active practicing physician. He was one of the 
original incorporators of this Association, and his member- 
ship dates from July 15, 1869. 

MOCKBEE, R. T., was born August 17, 1841, in Stewart 
county, Tenn.; enlisted in April, 1861, in Company B, Four- 



CONFEDEUATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 163 



teentli Tennessee Heginient ; served in (Jtiu'iiil Lee's cam- 
paign ill Northwest Virgi Ilia in 18(jl ; tlien with Stonewall 
Jackson in his Roniney campaign of June, 1862; tlien with 
the Army of Northern Virginia, and was snrrendered and 
paroled at Appomattox April 10, 18(>5; was wounded three 
times in battle — at Sharpsburg, Sjiottsylvania Court House, 
and the second battle of Cold Ilarhor. lie was cajiturcd once 
in March, 1868, near CMarksville, Tenn., but escaped during the 
same month. He had been sent inside the Federal lines on 
recruiting service by order of the War Dejtartment ; was 
captured by a Federal scout and sent to Nashville, where he 
made liis escape from prison with Major J. H. Johnson and 
others, and at the end of the war was a sergeant. Became 
a member of Forbes Bivouac at Clarksville, Tenn., iuid upon 
removal to Memphis was transferred njton proper certificate 
to this bivouac March 15, 1895. Mr. Mockbee has interesting 
old papers showing that his ancestors came from Wales to 
Loudon county, Virginia, and took part in the I\evolutioiiai-y 
war on the patriot side. 

MONROE, D. W., enlisted July 8, 1862, as a private in 
Company C, Davis' Regiment, Trans- Vlissi-sippi Department; 
entered the army as commissary clerk; was with Tiii-nbuirs 
Twenty-fifth Arkansas Regiment after the retreat from Cor- 
inth, Miss., until the command reached Lexington, Ky., at 
which place he became connected with Major J. W. Calloway, 
division commissary, and went to the Trans-Mississippi De- 
partment, where he served as commissary clerk until the close 
of tlicwar; paroled July 1865. Admitted to this Association 
October 9, 1894. 

MOORE, M. J. :S1., private in Company F, Twenty-sixth 
Mississippi, enlisted Sei)tember 1, 1861; this regiment was 
formed at luka. Miss., went from there to Union City, thence 
to Bowlino; Green, and back to Russellville and Fort Donel- 
«on ; served around Jackson, Miss., and went to Virginia in 
April, 1864; paroled May, 1865. 

MORGAN, ROBERT JARRELL, was born in rutnam 
•county, Ga., and came of Revolutionary ancestry in \'irginia ; 



164 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

graduated from University of Georgia at Athens and admit- 
ted to the bar in 1850 ; practiced law successfully ; married, and 
removed to Memphis in 1859. He was a Whig and opposed 
secession, but when the war broke out he raised and organ- 
ized at Chattanooga the Thirty - sixth Tennessee Regiment,, 
and was colonel of it two years, when he was assigned to duty 
as adjutant-general onthestaffof Lieutenant-GeneralLeonidas 
Polk; had special charge of court-martial proceedings in the 
corps, and afterward commanded a department. Early in the 
war he was stationed at Cumberland Gap, and saw service in 
Tennessee, Kentucky and Georgia, participating in the bat- 
tles of Murfreesboro and Chickamauga; was with General 
Polk when he was killed on the Georgia campaign, and after 
that was assigned by the War Department at Richmond to 
the duty of adjusting claims against the State of Georgia, and 
continued in that service until the surrender, when he wa& 
paroled at Atlanta. Returning to Memphis with his family,, 
he resumed the practice of law, and in 1867 was elected city 
attorney and served three years. Governor Senter, without 
solicitation, appointed him chancellor, and he was afterward 
twice elected by the people, serving in all about ten years, to- 
the great satisfaction of the bar and people. In 1878 he vol- 
untarily retired and resumed a very lucrative practice. In 
1880 he was elector on the Hancock ticket, and at different 
times took some part in politics; was regarded as an availa- 
ble man for Governor, and once received a very compliment- 
ary vote for nomination. Strong intellectually and physically 
and a fine speaker, he has always wielded a large influence in 
public and private. He was made a Mason at LaGrange, Ga., 
and also took the Chapter degrees. He became a member of 
this Association September 9, 1869. 

MORRISON, GEORGE E., private Company B, One Hun- 
dred and Fifty -fourth Tennessee; enlisted April, 1861 ; was 
in McDonald's Battalion of Forrest's old regiment; paroled 
May 11, 1865. 

MOSBY, C. W., enlisted in Company I, First Confederate 
Regiment of Cavalry, Captain M. J. Wicks, who was pro- 
moted ; the next captain, Sheppard Jackson, was killed in 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 165 

covering General Beauregard's retreat from Corintli. Was 
with General Josei»li Wheeler in advance of General Brasrff 
into Kentuek}- ; was at the battle of Munfordville and Per- 
ryville ; was with General Wheeler, who covered General 
Bragg's retreat from Kentucky ; was at the battles of Mur- 
freesboro, Chickaniauga, and the various battles from Dal ton 
to Atlanta; went with General Ilood into Middle Tennessee; 
was at Franklin and ]S'ashville ; surrendered with General 
Forrest at Gainesville, Ala., to General Canby, who proved 
himself to be a generous foe, a thorough soldier and gentleman, 
by his magnanimous treatment of the worn-out troops of the 
command. He did not require the Confederates to lay down 
their arms in the presence of his troops, but allowed them to 
go to a designated place under command of their own officers, 
where they dismounted, grounded arms, laid their accoutre- 
ments by them, mounted and went back to camp. General 
Canby sent his wagon train and gathered up the arms after- 
ward. He allowed the men to keep their horses, the officers 
their side arms and horses. Mr. Mosby relates these facts 
with great pleasure. He joined this Association in 1884. 

MULLmS, THOS. B., private Company H, Thirteenth 
Tennessee Regiment, Vaughan's Brigade, enlisted June 4, 
1861 ; " was in the fracas from beginning to end ; " was in the 
battles of Belmont, Shiloh, Richmond, Ky , Perryville, Mur- 
freesboro, Chickaniauga, Missionary Ridge, New Hope, Peach 
Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Ga., and Franklin, Tenn.; 
was paroled May 23, 1865. Joined the Confederate Histori- 
cal Association October 9, 1894. 

MUNCH, GEORGE P., First Lieutenant Company D, One 
Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee ; enlisted April 26, 1861 ; 
served through the war; was wounded in front of Atlanta; 
paroled April 26, 1865. Admitted to the Confederate Histor- 
ical Association January 8, 1895. 

MUNSON, S. A., Captain Company H, Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee ; enlisted June 4, 1861 ; served until the consolidation 
with the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee, and was 
a prisoner from the battle of Missionary Ridge until the close 



166 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

of the war at Johnson's Island ; released June 13, 1865. Ad- 
mitted to this Association October 9, 1894. 

MURPHY, J. J. Early in 1861 General Leonidas Polk 
invited his old friend J. J. Murphy to accept a position as 
chief commissary upon his staff, and the position was accepted 
in the fall of 1861 at Columbus, Ky. Major Murphy's large 
experience as a merchant, his suavity of manner and great 
executive ability peculiarly titted him for this important trust. 
He was ever a great favorite with General Polk, who only 
complained of him on account of his propensity to rush into 
every tight, when it was not required or even allowed. Major 
Murphy served with great efficiency and credit throughout 
the war. He was present when General Polk was killed and 
helped to remove his body from the range of the enemy's 
artillery. One of his cherished treasures was a lock of the gen- 
eral's hair cut off just before he was laid away forever from 
human sight. The Major served to the end and was among 
the last to lay down arras with General Joseph E. Johnston 
at Greensboro, N. C. After the war he resumed business and 
was successful in large affairs. He was a man of wide read- 
ing and knowledge of men, was pre-eminently charitable and 
benevolent, kind-hearted, and a most lovable man. He died 
February 11, 1891, in the 75th year of his age, respected and 
regretted by the entire city. The immediate cause of his 
death was a long ride on horseback to the Confederate reun- 
ion at Montgomery Park the previous fall, an occasion upon 
which he was cheered by the entire audience when he ap- 
peared in front of the grand stand. This was a happy day 
for him, but his last appearance in public. The exposure was 
too much for him, and hastened the end of a long, honorable 
and useful life. Major Murphy became a member of the 
C. H. A. July 15, 1869. 

MURRELL, D. A., private Company G, Fifty-lirst Tennes- 
see; enlisted December, 1861 ; was wounded twice in the bat- 
tle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864, and paroled, with the rank ot 
orderly sergeant. May, 1865. Joined the Confederate Histor- 
ical Association June 30, 1892. 



CONFEDERATE HI8TOK1CAI. ASSOCIATION. 



167 




COL. HENUV C. MYKUS. 



MYERS, HE:N'RY C, is the youngest of six brothers and 
two half-brothers (his father having been married twice), all 
of whom were in the Confederate army. 1. George B. Myers 
was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Tenth Mississippi Infantry ; 
was shot through the right lung and captured at the battle of 
Munfordville, Ky., and afterward paroh-d ; he lost his left arm 
ill the battle of Jonesboro iieai- Athinta in .Inly, 18t)4, and was 
captured and lield as a prisoner of war on Johnsoirs Ishmd 
until June, 1865 ; he died at lloily Springs in the fall of 1H70. 
2. Calvin li. Myers resides at Byhalia, .Miss.; was a member of 
Company A, Eleventh Mississippi Infantry, Army of Nortii- 
ern Virginia ; he was wounded live times and wounded and 
captured at Gettysburg and i»aroled just about the close ot 
the war. 3. Absalom G. Myers resides at Dallas, Texas ; was 
amember of Company B, Thirtieth Mississi[>pi Infantry, Wal- 
thall's Brigade, -t. Albert Myers resides near Byhalia, Miss.; 



168 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

was a member of Company A, Eleventh Mississippi Infantry, 
Army of Northern Virginia ; was twice severely wounded. 
5. Patrick S. Myers was a lieutenant in Company B, Thirtieth 
Mississippi Infantry ; was captured at battle of Missionary 
Ridge and was held a prisoner of war on Johnson's Island 
until the close of hostilities ; he died at Byhalia in 1880. His 
two half-brothers (6) Martin P. and (7) William R. Myers, 
were both in the Confederate army ; the former died at his 
home in Texas a few years after the war ; the latter is still 
living and resides at Charlotte, N. C. 

Henry C. Mj^ers was born in Marshall county, Miss., and 
was the baby boy of the family. After some desultory service 
around home, which led to the conclusion that the front might 
be the safer place, he joined Company H. Second Missouri 
Cavalry, McCulloch's Brigade, in June, 1863, before he was 
fifteen years old, and served under Forrest and with the Army 
of Tennessee until the end of the war, participating in vari- 
ous eui^agements and hard campaigns. He was paroled with 
his command by General E. R. S. Canby at Gainesville, Ala., 
in May, 1865. He afterward edited and published The South, 
a paper at Holly Springs, Miss. ; married a daughter of Colo- 
nel H. W. Walter, the eminent lawyer who served as adju- 
tant-general on General Bragg's staff; took an active part in 
local and State politics, and held different positions, the most 
notable being that of Secretary of State for seven years. He 
removed to Memphis with his wife and young daughter, their 
only child, a few years ago, and has since been successfully 
engaged in business. He has attended different general reun- 
ions of United Confederate Veterans, and is quartermaster- 
general, with the rank of colonel, on the staff of General 
Stephen B. Lee, commanding Confederate Veterans, Depart- 
ment of Tennessee, and served as such at the Richmond reun- 
ion in June and July, 1896. He became a member of this 
Association in September, 1891. 

MYERS, J., was surgeon-steward in the navy; served on 
the receiving ship St. Philip and gunboat Gaines, and was 
wounded at Battery Gaines, Mobile Point; paroled at De- 
mopolis, Ala., May 18, 1865. Joined C. H. A. June 30, 1894. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



169 




V\i'l\ n. M. NEELY. 



NEELY, H. M., is the son of Moses Neely, who married 
Jane P. McDowell, both parents being born and reared in 
Mecklenberg county, 'N. 0. ; was born in Madison county, 
Tenn., but since his chihihood has lived in Shelb}^ county, 
Tenn., and grew to manhood on a typical ante beUum South- 
■ern plantation, about fifteen miles east of Memphis. Judg- 
ing from his appearance, he must have been well taken care 
■of in his young days; he is of splendid physique, florid i)otli 
in style and manner, is six feet two inches tall, and Aveighs 
about two hundred pounds. When the war broke out lie en- 
listed as a private in Company I, ofHcered by Cajitain Wright, 
Pirst Lieutenant Ad. Coulter and Second Lieutenant \V. D. 
Ridout; the company joined the Thirty - eighth Tennessee 
Regiment, and had its first experience in the stern realities 
of war at Shiloh. On the reorganization of the army. Colo- 
nel Looney resigned as colonel and received a citmmission to 



170 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

raise a brigade, and Captain John C. Carter was elected col- 
onel and later promoted to the rank of brigadier - general ;. 
First Sergeant O. M, Alsup was elected captain of the com- 
pany, and H. M. Neely was elected first lieutenant. Captain 
Alsup a few months later resigned on account of ill health,^ 
and Lieutenant Neely was promoted to the rank of captain 
and took command of the company. 

Captain Neely followed the fortunes of the Army of Ten- 
nessee under Generals Albert Sydney Johnston, Beauregard, 
Bragg, Joseph E. Johnston and Hood, and was present and 
fought in all of the important engagements except the battle 
of Stone River, being absent at the time on account of a severe 
wound received while storming a battery at the battle of Per- 
ryville, Ky. ; in that engagement his position in the Confed- 
erate lines brought him directly in front of the battery, but 
just before the enemy's position was taken he was shot down 
by a minie ball, and still carries the lead comfortably in his 
shoulder; he was often hit with bullets, but never severely 
hurt except in this instance. In 1864 he was appointed act- 
ing adjutant-general on the staft of Brigadier-General Jno. C. 
Carter, and served the last year in that capacity conspicuously 
in i^orthern Georgia and during Hood's raid into Tennessee. 
He was at the battle of Franklin, and was by the side of Car- 
ter in his reckless ride in front of his brigade in the assault 
upon the enemy's breastworks, but when within about one 
hundred and fifty yards of them he received a mortal wound, 
from which he died a few days after. Noticing General Car- 
ter reeling in his saddle. Captain Neely leaped from his horse 
and amid a perfect shower of shot lifted him to the ground 
and turned him over to a couple of soldiers, with orders to 
take him to the field hospital; by that time the brigade had 
passed on and reached the breastworks, but in such shattered 
condition that it was unable to go over or dislodge the enemy. 
Impressed with the necessity and duty of notifying the next 
ranking officer of General Carter's condition. Captain Neely 
remounted his horse, intending to ride on, but was scarcely 
in his saddle before he was slightly wounded and his horse 
severely shot four times ; he then abandoned his horse and,. 



CONFEDERATE lIISTOlilCAL ASSOCIATION. 171 

amid the dead and dying strewn thickly upon the ground, 
footed it to the breastworks, but speaks of it as the lone- 
somest and most uncomfortable walk of his life. He was in 
the fighting around Nashville, and with the Tennessee troops 
under the command of Major-General E. C. Walthall, sclecti'd 
by General Hood as a breakwater against the pursuing col- 
umns of General Thomas and to jtrotect the main army in 
its retreat. Everyone with that rear guard has a vivid i-ecol- 
lection of the privations and trials to which they were sub- 
jected, but all were cheerful, brave to a fault, and able to 
appropriate to themselves a strange and reckless pleasure 
wrung from the hard and desperate conditions l)y which 
they were surrounded. 

Throughout the war Captain Neely was known as an ener- 
getic and conscientious officer, who would dodge no duty nor 
responsibility; a good disciplinarian, who at all times won 
the respect and confidence of the men and his superior offi- 
cers. In September, 1865, he settled in Memphis, and the 
next year, having gathered together the remnants left him 
out of the wreck wrought by war, was admitted as a partner 
in the then established mercantile house of Bi'ooks, Neely & 
Co., which firm is still in existence, and has done a large and 
successful business. Some years ago he married a charming' 
lady, Mrs. Mary B. McCown, daughter of William Morgan 
Sneed of Vance county, N. C. Since his residence in Mem- 
phis he has held positions in the highest business and social 
circles, and it can be truthfully said of him that he has made 
as good a citizen in time of peace as he did a soldier in time 
of war. He became a member of the old Confederate Asso- 
ciation September 9, 1869. 

NABORS, T. P., private Company I, Seventeentli Missis- 
sippi, Barksdale's Brigade, A. N. V.; enlisted March, 1862; 
was wounded twice — at Gettysburg and Corryville ; served 
throughout the war in the same command, and was in every 
battle in which it was engaged, except two; paroled April 7. 
1865. Admitted to the C. H. A. February 12, 1895. 

NEALE, THOMAS R., eidisted in Captain McNeal's cm- 
pany, and to enable him to get through the Federal lines was 



172 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

transferred to Company D, Bell's Virginia Cavalry, with which 
he served till the close of the war; was wounded three times, 
and paroled at Clarksburg, W. Va., about May 1, 1865. 

NELSON, F. M., enlisted as a private in Company A, Sev- 
enth Tennessee Cavalry, April, 1862; re-enlisted in Alabama 
Infantry, and was paroled at Gainesville, Ala., in May, 1865. 
Joined the C. H. A. at an early day. 

NETHERLANDS, J. J., private Company E, Fourth Vir- 
ginia Regiment ; enlisted in spring of 1861 and was always 
in the same regiment. On the day before the surrender of 
General Lee he was sent by his captain with several others to 
Lynchburg, where they heard of the surrender ; they started 
west, but could not get through the Federal lines on railroad ; 
went home and afterward to Richmond, and was paroled in 
June, 1865. 

NEWBORN, JOSEPH L., Second Lieutenant Company 
B, Thirteenth Tennessee ; enlisted May 28, 1861 ; served first 
as a private in the State service, and when mustered into the 
C S. A. was elected lieutenant; was in the battles of Bel- 
mont, Shiloh, Richmond, Perry ville,Murfreesboro and Chick- 
amauga, besides numerous smaller engagements and skir- 
mishes. Admitted to this Association August 14, 1894. 

NORFLEET, F. M., private Company C, Eighteenth Mis- 
sissippi, Wirt Adams' Brigade ; enlisted in 1863 ; served for 
a short time in Berton's Regiment of Infantry and in Fourth 
Mississippi ; was wounded at Plantersville, Ga., in an engage- 
ment with the Seventeenth Indiana ; paroled May 13, 1865. 
Joined the Confederate Historical Association June 13, 1894. 

NORRIS, J. W., private Company F, Third Mississippi 
Cavalry, Adams' Brigade; enlisted February 1, 1864; served 
with same command to the end, and was with it in every 
engagement after he enlisted; paroled at Gainesville, Ala., 
April, 1865. Admitted to C. H. A. February 12, 1895. 

NUTZEL, CONRAD, born in Kretz, kingdom of Bavaria, 
Germany, in 1838, and came to Memphis in 1853; enlisted 
June 5, 1861, in the old Washington Rifles, Fifteenth Ten- 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOKKAJ. ASSOC'IATIUX. 173 

nessee Regiment. When the army was reorganized at Cor- 
inth comrade Nutzel was elected second lieutenant ol" his 
company. The regiment went into Kentucky with Bragg, 
and suffered very heavily in the battle of Perryvillc, losing 
nearly half its men, also sustained severe losses in the battle 
of Murfreesboro. After the battle of Murfreesboro Lieuten- 
ant Nutzel was assigned to the staff of Colonel Ben. Hill, 
Provost Marshal, and when the army was at Dalton he com- 
manded the guards as military conductor on the Western k 
Atlantic Railroad. After the fall of Atlanta Lieutenant Nutzel 
and two other officers from his regiment, Captain Harry Rice 
and Lieutenant John Dwyer, were ordered to Augusta, Ga., 
and around there they recruited a good-sized regiment of 600 
men, half of it from the different Federal prisons. Lieutenant 
Nutzel made up a company 100 hundred strong, nearly all 
Germans, who could not speak a word of English. They had 
only been in this country three or four months, and were 
easily induced to take tlie oath of allegiance to the lost cause. 
The new regiment was known as the First Confederate Gal- 
vanized Yankee Regiment, and it was no doubt the last. It was 
commanded by Colonel Jno. G. O'Neal, with Lieut.-Colonel 
Burke second in command, and Lieutenant Seymour, an old 
soldier from the Crimean war, as adjutant. This grotesque 
command was sent to Mobile, and then ordered to follow 
Hood's army into Tennessee. About one-half the regiment 
moved off by rail, but was ordered to stop off at Egy^'t sta- 
tion. Captain Nutzel's company was thrown out on picket 
duty the same afternoon and remained in the woods over 
night. Early next morning Grierson's scouting force came 
in sight and they opened fire. Captain Nutzel and thri'e or 
four men were wounded, but not very seriously. The gal- 
vanized rebels made a gallant fight behind a railroad em- 
bankment, without loss, for three or four hours, repelling 
several charges, but finally were forced into a small stockade, 
where their ammunition was exhausted in about one hour 
and they surrendered late in the afternoon. The prisoners 
were marched across to Vicksburg, and from there Captani 
Nutzel and a host of others were seiit up the river by boat. 



174 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



At Memphis he was permitted to see a brother, get a good 
outfit and some money. He was sent to prison at Johnson's 
Ishmd, where he was released on the 18th of May, 1865. He 
joined the C. H. A. January 8, 1895, and became a member 
of Company A, Confederate Veterans, in which he takes 
great pride. 

O'BEKST, C, private Company A, First Tennessee Artil- 
lery ; entered service early and remained to close of the war. 
Prt)posed for membership in this Association by T. N. John- 
son and C. W. Frazer, and elected May 12, 1870. 

PAPE, A. li., private Company A, Fourth Tennessee; en- 
listed in May, 1861; was in the signal corps, but returned to 
Company A and fought in the battle of Shiloh, then back to 
the signal corps, in which he served until the end of the war. 
He was captured at Perry ville ; was exchanged and rejoined 
the army at Shelby ville, Tenn.; paroled April, 1865. 

PEARSON, R. v., private Company F, Fifteenth Missis- 
sippi, Adams' Brigade, Lowry's Division; enlisted May 27, 
1861 ; was wounded twice, first at the battle of Fishing Creek, 
where the regiment was in command of Lieutenant - Colonel 
E. C. Walthall, and the second time in front of Atlanta July, 
1864; paroled May, 1865. He was admitted to this Associa- 
tion September 14, 1864. 

PERKINS, A. H. D., was a private in Company E, Seventh 
Tennessee Cavalrj^, Rucker's Brigade, Forrest's Cavalry; en- 
listed in November, 1862, and was paroled May 2, 1865. 

PERSONS, C. P., private Company C, Fourth Tennessee 
Infimtry ; enlisted May 15, 1861 ; was wounded April 6, 1862, 
and discharged from the service; recovered and joined Por- 
ter's Company, Ballentine's Regiment, Forrest's Cavalry, in 
1862 ; was captured at Water Valley, Miss., December 1, 1863 ; 
released in February, 1864, and joined Forrest's old regiment 
about three months before the close of the war; paroled May 
11, 1865. Admitted to the C. H. A. December 11, 1894. 



CONFEDERATE 11I« TUUICVJ. ASSOCIATION. 




WM. GARNETT PARKER. 



PARKER, W. G., son of Robert A. and Laniira Parker, 
born at Somerville, Tenn., May 1, 1841 ; enlisted in Company 
A, Shelby Grays, Fourth Tennessee Regiment, May 15, 18(>1, 
and served throughout the war, surrendering at Goldsboro, 
N. C, April 26, 1865; was wounded at the battles of Shiloh 
and Franklin. Returned to Memphis June 1, 1865, and en- 
gaged in the cotton warehouse business. Died at the lionu' 
of his mother, No. 187 Vance street, March 8, 1878. He was 
a l>rave and lo_yal soldier; sincere, tender and true in all his 
friendships; a loving and devoted son and l)i'0ther. Joined 
this Association December 16, 1869. 

PERSONS, RICHARD J., was born February 5, 184:}. and 
is descended from a prominent old Revolutionary family of 
his name in North Carolina. The Persons family came to 
Shelby county early in this century. He was graduated from 



176 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



the Kentucky Military Institute at Frankfort, after four years 
attendance, in 1861, with the rank of captain in the Kentucky 
State Guards. He left college for the camp, and soon became 
Captain of Company B, Twenty -first Tennessee Regiment^ 
and was afterward major of the famous fighting Fifth Con- 
federate Regiment of Cleburne's Division, composed almost 
entirely of Irislimen. Major Person was in the battles of 
Belmont, Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, and 
nearly all the heav}- fighting on down to the front of Atlanta, 
where he was captured July 22, 1864, and after that was con- 
fined at Johnson's Island until the end of the war. He had 
been in command of the regiment from December, 1863. He 
was a thoroughly trained soldier, and the writer, who fought 
almost by his side more than once, regards him as one of the 
most intrepid men in the army. He was married in 1863 to 
Miss Annie E. Finnell of Lexington, Ky. ; she died in 1866. 
He was again married in 1868 to Miss Alice Winchester, 
daughter of Major George B. Winchester, a prominent lawyer 
ot this city, since dead. They have four children, two of whom 
are sons. Major Persons joined the Confederate Relief and 
Historical Association in 1869. 

PETTIGKEW, JAMES L., private in Company C, Second 
Mississippi, Army of Northern Virginia; enlisted March 8, 
1862 ; was wounded three times — at Antietam, September 17, 
1862; Gettysburg, July 3, 1868, and at Petersburg, October 
14, 1864. After the wound at Petersburg he was furloughed 
and went home to Mississippi, and was never able to return 
to Virginia; was paroled at Okolona, Miss., May 29, 1865. 
Admitted to the Confederate Historical Association January 
8, 1895. 

PEPPER, S. A., was born in Johnson county. Mo., Octo- 
ber 27, 1842, and taken to Virginia when very young by his 
[larents, who had gone west only a few years before ; was 
reared near Big Spring (now EUiston station), Montgomery 
county; there had good social and educational advantages. 
When the war broke out he enlisted June 5, 1861, as a private 
in Company F, Eleventh Virginia Infantry, and afterward 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



177 




S. A PEPPER. 



served in the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-nintli Mississippi 
Regiments, Army of Tennessee. lie went all through the 
war and was in a number of great battles, including Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, and smaller tights ; was 
wounded at the battle of Williamsburg, Va., and at Jones- 
boro, Ga., but never lost much time from tlie service. lie 
was paroled when Johnston's army capitulated at Greens- 
boro, N. C.,and has his parole yet carefully framed as a souv- 
enir of the great war, of whose history it is a part. He came 
to Memphis in November, 1865; went to Huntsville in De- 
cember same year; remained there four years and returned 
to Memphis in January, 1870. lie was married to Miss Anna 
Lee Polk of Helena, Ark., February 17, 1887, and there are 
three children from this union — Misses Allan Polk, Zelda 
Fontaine and Anna Fitzliugh Pepper. Mr. Pepper was one 
of the early members of the Confederate Historical Associa- 
12 



178 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

tion, and for many years was an active member of the Chick- 
asaw Guards; became Orderly Sergeant of Company A, Con- 
federate Veterans, about a year ago, and attended the reunion 
U. C. V. at Richmond June-July, 1896. 

PHELAN, JAMES, Colonel and Judge of Military Court 
in 1864-65. Proposed for membership in this Association 
by Jefferson Davis and Isham G. Harris, and elected May 26, 
1870; has been dead eighteen or twenty years. 

PITTS, J. M., born July 29, 1840, in Meriwether county, 
Ga. ; lived with his parents in Alabama and Mississippi, and 
went with them toSt. Erancis county. Ark., in 1856; enlisted 
June 10, 1861, in Company B, Fifth Arkansas Regiment, and 
was elected lirst lieutenant; was at the battle of Belmont, 
crossing the river under fire, and there took a prisoner and 
sent him to the rear. He was in the fight at Tompkinsville 
and afterward at Bowling Green, Ky. ; was sent to hospital 
at Nashville. After the fall of Fort Donelson was given 
charge of eighty convalescents and sent to Atlanta ; returned 
to his command about the time of the battle of Shiloh ; was 
in the battle of Farmington. At the reorganization at Cor- 
inth was elected first lieutenant; resigned and refused trans- 
fer, and served the rest of the war as a private in the same 
compan}' ; was ordered from Tupelo to report to Dr. West- 
moreland at Atlanta; was refused permission to leave, but 
left anyhow to follow the array into Kentucky. His captain, 
L. R. Frick, asked for his papers, and as he had none told 
him he would be reported as a deserter from the hospital. 
He sent for Lieutenant-Colonel J. E. Murray and General 
Hardee, stated the case, and they said they wished they had 
20,000 such men. He was at Munfordville, Perryville and 
Crab Orchard with his regiment and back to Knoxville ; was 
sent to hospital again, but escaped in time to be at the battle 
of Murfreesboro, where he took two stands of colors. After 
the battle of Liberty Gap, in which Captain Frick was killed, 
Mr. Pitts was again sent to the hospital at Atlanta, but got 
out in time for the battle of Chickamauga, and was in the 
Georgia campaign ; was taken prisoner near Atlanta and 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 179 

placed in an old church, but escaped the first niglit, leaving 
ii gusivd hors (hi combat ; was wounded in the right hand on 
July 22 in front of Atlanta ; was in the battle of Jonesboro 
and captured, but escaped with his clothing and accoutrements 
full of bullet holes; was also in the battle of Franklin and 
the tight at Nashville, and was in the last fight of the war at 
Bentonville, iST. C, and was on guard with his company at 
General Joseph E. Johnston's headquarters at Greensboro, 
and was surrendered there May 10, 1865. Since the war he 
has lived both in Arkansas and Memphis, having been here 
since 1880. He married after the war, but his wife died years 
^go, and a married daughter is their only surviving child. 
Mr. Pitts is an all-round mechanic, and has been quite pros- 
perous at times, but of late years he has suficred much with 
rheumatism and not been able to work at all times. He lives 
with and supports his aged mother, now (1896) in the eighty- 
first year of her age. He is a member of Company A, Con- 
federate Veterans, under Captain W. W. Carnes, by whom 
he is highly regarded, and in spite of his sickness and rheu- 
matism he attended the great reunion of veterans at Rich- 
mond, Va., in June-July, 1896. 

PODESTA, LOUIS E., born near Genoa, Italy, June 9, 
1846; came to this country with his parents in 1847 ; grew 
up in Natchez, Miss., and enlisted there April 9, 1861, in the 
Natchez Fencibles, an old company that had served in the 
Mexican war, and became Company G, then under Captain 
Ed. Blackburn, of the Twelfth Mississipt»i Regiment ; went 
with the company to Jackson, Corinth, Union City and 
Lynchburg, and reached the battlefield of Manassas at 4 p.m. 
on the 21st of July. He served in Ewell's Brigade and Van 
Dorn's Division ; afterward in Rhodes" Brigade, Longstreet's 
Corps ; was next in Roger A. Pryor's Brigade ; then Feather- 
stone's, Posey's, and last in Harris' Brigade in Anderson's and 
Mahone's Divisions; was wounded at New Turkey Ridge, 
sixteen miles below Richmond, June 6, 1864; at Boydton 
Plank Road, below Petersburg, October 27, 1864; at Hatcher 
Run, where Pegram was killed, February 6, 1865, and at 
Fort Gregg, near Petersburg, April 2, 1^65; was on crutches 



180 SKETCHES OF SOLDIEES 

for twelve months. The last ball was cut out long afterward. 
He was in all engagements of any consequence with his regi- 
ment from Williamsburg, Va., 1862, to the surrender at Pe- 
tersburg April 2, 1865, and has his parole dated June 16,. 
1865. He was in both the campaigns across the Potomac, 
and was barefooted much of the time ; still he survived to 
enjoy robust health in spite of lameness for life. He came to 
Memphis soon after the surrender and engaged in business 
on Front Row, and joined the old Confederate Relief and 
Historical Association July 15,1869. In 1872 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Parmelia Perasi (Rocco), the latter being an 
adopted name. From this union were born four boys and 
four girls, all line young people, one of whom is a teacher in 
the public schools. 

POLLARD, W. J., rank Major in the ordnance depart- 
ment; entered the service February 1,1861, and paroled 10th 
of May, 1865. Elected a member of this Association upon 
his own application July 1, 1869. 

POSTON, D. H., enlisted early in the war as a private in 
Company A, Fourth Tennessee Infantry, and was in most of 
the battles in which that regiment took part; was severely 
wounded in the leg at the battle of Perry ville by a wounded 
Federal soldier to whom he had just given a drink of water. 
It is charitable to suppose that the man was crazed by heat 
and thirst or fright, and was not responsible. After the war 
Mr. Poston, although quite young, soon became the law part- 
ner of General W. Y. C. Humes, and had a large practice as 
long as he lived. His death was caused by a shot fired on 
the street by a brother lawyer and ex-Confederate. The 
tragedy greatly shocked the public mind and will be remem- 
bered for a generation. Mr. Poston was twice married. His 
last wife and children by the first survive him. Joined this 
Association August 12, 1869. 

POSTON, JAMES, entered the service as a private in the 
Blufi City Grays, McDonald's Battalion, May, 1861; served 
throughout the war and paroled May, 1865. Proposed for 
membership by W. D. Stratton and elected January 20, 1870. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 181 



POSTON, WM. K., private in Company A, Fonrtli Ten- 
nessee ; was born in Shelby county, Tenn., October 2, 1844; 
enlisted May 15, 1861 ; served through the entire war in the 
same command; was wounded twice — once at tlie battle of 
Shiloh once at Missionary Ridge; paroled May 23, 1865. 

POWEL, JOHN A., born in Winchester, Tenn., March 
31, 1844, and was reared in Memphis; enlisted in the Bluff 
City Grays, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee, under 
Captain J. H. Edmondson, about May 1, 1861; was in the 
battles of Belmont and Shiloh. His brother Benjamin was 
wounded at Shiloh, and he dragged him off" the field under 
heavy fire ; on the retreat he found a four-mule team without 
a driver, mounted himself, drove to a field hos}>ital and loaded 
up with wounded men, including his brother, Louis Vaccaro, 
Fred Woeller, Wm. Linsted and Billie Fleshart, and hauled 
them thirty miles to Corinth over terrible roads. This took 
two days and nights, without food or attention given to the 
wounded. Linsted only lives out of the five. John and Ben 
Powel fought side by side both days at Shiloh; assisted in 
capturing a battery ; got into the " hornets' nest" and carried 
Ollie Patterson out of it mortally wounded ; Patterson died 
the same evening. John Powel was in the battle of Rich- 
mond, which he describes yet as the fairest and squarest 
fight he ever saw. There he saw General Pat Cleburne shot 
through the jaws as he gave the command " Forward ! "' It 
was there Preston Smith, Colonel of the One Hundred and 
Fifty-fourth Tennessee, made a fiank movement which, .lolm 
says, whipped the figlit and made him a brigadier-general. 
Mr. Powel's next battle was at Murfreesboro, where his com- 
pany again had a hand in capturing a battery; they had 
seven men killed, including Lieutenants Creighton and Burch, 
and six men badly wounded. After that the company was 
mounted, and he took part in the battles of Chickaniauga 
and Missionary Ridge. There he was rejoined by his brother 
Ben, who had been absent on account of his wound received 
at Shiloh. They were both with General Forrest on his 
memorable raid when he captured Colonel Streight and 1800 
men near Rome, Ga. He was with General Forrest on liis 



182 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



raid into West Tennessee in 1863, and was severely wounded 
by a shot through his right hmg at Jack's Creek, and wa& 
confined to his bed for two years. He has since been a great 
sufferer, but hopes to live to a green old age. He was a lieu- 
tenant in McDonald's Battalion, and his name appears con- 
spicuously in Lindsley's Military Annals. His brother Ben, 
who died only a year or two ago, followed Forrest to the end 
of the war. John A. Powel became a member of the C. H. A.. 
September 9, 1884 ; his brother Benjamin was also a member. 

PRESCOTT, J. A., private in Company F, Second Regi- 
ment; enlisted in October, 1861 ; w^as in the Army of North- 
ern Virginia; was captured at Bolivar, Tenn., and discharged 
in 1863; released from prison in 1865. Recommended in ap- 
plication to this Association by J. J. Brown and J. P. Young, 

PULLEN, BENJ. K., enlisted in 1861 ; was a member of 
Captain J. T. Begbie's Confederate Guards Home Regiment; 
afterward served with Colonel J, G. Ballentine's Cavalry 
Regiment, with the rank of captain, up to January, 1864;. 
transferred to post duty at Grenada, Miss., under Major J. S. 
Mellon, Chief of Subsistence, until the surrender in 1865. 
Admitted to C. H. A. October 8, 1895. 

QUINT ARD, CHAS. TODD, is of Huguenot descent and 
came of a noted family. He was born December 22, 1824, at 
Stamford, Conn., in the room in which his father first saw the 
light, and the father lived to be 90 years old. He became a 
physician in early life, but took a course of theological studies 
under Bishop Hervey Otey, D. D. ; was ordained deacon in 
Calvary Church, Memphis, in 1854, and in 1865 succeeded 
Bishop Otey. During the war he was chaplain of the First 
Tennessee Regiment and served at Valley Mountain, Cheat 
Mountain and Big Sewell in Virginia, holding daily services 
as often as practicable. He was at the battles of Perryville, 
Murfreesboro and Chickamauga ; was in the Georgia cam- 
paign from Dalton to Atlanta, and was at the battle of Frank- 
lin, as well as other engagements. He was a practical, work- 
ing chaplain, and it was through his zeal and labors that sev- 
eral generals and other soldiers became devout christians at 



CONFEDERATE HIST0HK;AL ASSOCIATION. 1x3 



Dalton while the army was in winter quarters there. He 
became a member of this Association May 12, 1870. 

RADCLIFF, T. D., private Company A, Seventh Tennes- 
see Cavah-y ; enlisted May, 1861, and served through the war. 
Recommended for membership in this Association by T. P. 
Adams and Henry Moode, and elected March 3, 186!». 

RAINEY, I. N., born April 6, 1845 ; enlisted in Comininy 
A, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, at Columbia, Tenn., March 
20, 1863; the company was known as '• Memphis Light Dra- 
goons" and was on special service as escort for General VV. 
H. Jackson; went from Columbia to Spring Hill and contin- 
ually raided and were raided by the Federals who held 
Franklin until about June 1, 1863; then with General Jack- 
sou's Division, joined J. E. Johnston's army in rear of Vicks- 
burg ; after the fall of Yicksburg, was at the siege of Jackson 
by Sherman, and in all the maneuvers in Mississippi at that 
time and until the command went to take part in the Georgia 
campaign; joined Johnston's army at Dalton; was on retreat 
to Atlanta, and at fall of that place; was with Hood on his 
advance to Nashville and during the campaign in Tennessee; 
retreated with army into Mississippi; at Corinth, in January, 
1865, got a thirty days furlough, which was spent with friends 
in Kemper county. Miss.; followed Wilson in his raid throngli 
Alabama to Selma; was near Selma at its capture by Wilson ; 
shortly after, surrendered at Gainesville, Ala., May 11, 1865; 
the number of his parole is 52. Was never wounded, but had 
three horses killed under him. Joined the Confederate His- 
torical Association June 13, 1894. 

RAMBAUT, G. V., entered the Confederate States Army 
as a private in Company H, McDonald's Battalion, Forrest's 
old regiment ; was promoted from private to major tfuly 20, 
1862, and served on the staff of General Forrest through all 
his different promotions; was wounded twice — once at Shiloh 
and again on the march from Pontotoc, Miss., to Harrisburg 
and Tupelo. He enjoyed the full confidence of General For- 
rest and was with hmi "from start to finish." Major Kam- 
baut was a very busy, active man, and only began to write 



184 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

his recollections of Forrest's campai^^us in the spring of 1896, 
and soon after was taken suddenly ill and died in a few days, 
an irreparable loss to his family, and to his old comrades and 
many friends. He was peculiarly fitted for the work he had 
begun, and no one else can finish it for him as he would have 
done. He wtis one of the early members of this Association. 

RAWLINGS, E. J., private Company B, Forrest's old reg- 
iment; enlisted May, 1861, in Welby Armstrong's Company, 
Second Tennessee Regiment Infantrj^, and was afterward 
transferred to Forrest's Regiment Cavalry; meantime had 
served in the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee; was 
captured sick just before the battle of Perryville, paroled and 
came home, but subsequently escaped and rejoined his com- 
mand at Como, Miss., and served from that date, December, 
T863, to the end of the war ; paroled May 11, 1865. Admitted 
to this Association October, 1895. 

REAVES, BEN. T., enlisted as a private May 15, 1861 ; 
served in Cheatham's Division to the end of the war; paroled 
April 26, 1865. Entered this Association upon the recom- 
mendation of C. W, Frazer July 1, 1869; lived at Bartlett ; 
taught school and practiced law. Died some years ago. 

RENIG, CHAS., private in Company I, Fifteenth Tennes- 
see ; served through the war. Recommended for member- 
ship by Captain F. Wolf and elected in this Association Jan- 
uary 20, 1870. Died several years ago. 

RHEA, W. H., entered the service in April, 1861; was a 
Captain in the Second Tennessee Regiment; paroled May, 
1865. After the war became one of the editors of the Ava- 
lanche, and afterward was connected with the Board of Un- 
derwriters of Memphis. Became a member of this Associa- 
tion April 28, 1870 ; name proposed by Dr. John H. Erskine. 
Died several years ago. 

RITTENHOUSE, DAK G., private in the West Rangers, 
McCulloch's Regiment; enlisted January 1, 1862. Filed a 
certificate of discharge from the army on account of chronic 
illness with ap})lication for membership in this Association. 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOKICAL ASSOCIATION. l«.i 

RICHARDSON, W. G., Second Sergetuit in Company A, 
Seventh Tennessee Cavalry ; enlisted May 16, 1801, and went 
all through the war ; was paroled at Gainesville, Alu., May 
11, 1865. Became a member of this Association May 12, 
1870, upon the recommendation of Colonel T. II. Logwood 
iind Dr. R. W. Mitchell. Died several years ago. 

ROBERTSON, W. M., enlisted May 1, 1861, as a private 
in Company A, First Mississippi Regiment, Pillow's Brigade; 
was wounded at Fort Donelson and captured ; released July, 
1862; also captured at Nashville under General Hood; was 
in all the battles of the Army of Tennessee from Fort Don- 
elson to Nashville; paroled June 12, 1865. Admitted to this 
Association October 9, 1894. 

ROBSON, B. P., enlisted as a member of Company B, 
Logwood's Battalion, May 15, 1861, and was detached as 
Quartermaster's Sergeant in Jackson's Division of Cavalry, 
and was with the command during the entire four years of 
the war; ptaroled in May, 1865. Admitted to the C. H. A. 
October 8, 1895. 

RODEN, GEORGE, born in County Cavin, Ireland, in 
1842; grew up in the city of Toronto, Canada; came south 
in 1859; enlisted June 13, 1861, in Company A, Captain F. 
A. Montgomery, First Mississippi Cavalry, commanded by 
Colonel Dick Pinson, and served with that command three 
years; was in Forrest's command nearly all of the war; was 
in the battles of Belmont, Shiloh, Franklin and many battles 
and innumerable skirmishes. In the winter of '63 the com- 
pany was furloughed to go home and re-equip. Private 
Roder was cutoff by Sherman's raid up the Yazoo, reporteil to 
General Wirt Adams and assigned to heaihiuarters of scouts 
under Captain W. A. Montgomery ; served with him to the 
end of the war and was surrendered at Gainesville, Ala. ; 
paroled May 12, 1865. Lived in Washington county, Miss., 
until four years ago, when he came to Memphis. Joined the 
C. H. A. in 1893 and became a member of Company A, Con- 
federate Veterans. When he applied for membersiiip in this 
Association he presented very flattering testimonials from his 



186 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

former captain, W. A. Montgomery, li. N. Miller, prosecut- 
ing attorney of Hinds county. Miss,, and other comrades. 
He is an active member of Company A, and was on its visits 
to Chattanooga, Richmond, Little Rock and elsewhere. 

RODGERS, W. S., enlisted May 1, 1861, as a private in 
Company K, First Tennessee Cavalry, Humes' Brigade; pa- 
roled May 3, 1865. Joined this Association May 14, 1889. 

ROGAN, H. A., Major in the Ninth Tennessee Infantry;, 
entered the service in May, 1861; paroled May, 1865; occu- 
pation, lawyer. Proposed for membership by L. B. McFar- 
land, and elected January 20, 1870. Died many years ago. 

ROSSER, ISAAC, entered the service April 21, 1861, and 
was Second Lieutenant in Tobin's Battery, and paroled May 
10, 1865. Proposed for membership by Colonel Jno. W. Daw- 
sou, and elected July 1, 1869. Died several years ago. 

RUCKER, Colonel commanding brigade in Forrest's Cav- 
alry corps; lost one arm in the war. Proposed for member- 
ship in this Association by W. S. Pickett, and elected January 
20, 1870. Now lives in Alabama; occupation, civil engineer;, 
was a conspicuous figure in nearly all of Forrest's campaigns. 

RUST, J. W., private Company K, First Kentucky ; en- 
listed May 18, 1861 ; released from service May 18, 1863, on 
account of ill health ; served in the Army of Virginia. Hi& 
discharge was regularly signed by General Joseph E. Johnston. 

RYAN, CHARLES ROSCOE, born in Monticello, Jasper 
county, Ga., January 31, 1845; in 1859 the family removed 
to Des Arc, Ark., and in 1861 he joined the Twenty-lifth 
Arkansas Infantry at Corinth, Miss. ; participated in the bat- 
tles of Corinth and luka ; his regiment was sent to Port 
Hudson ; he was there during the whole siege, and was under 
fire for forty days continuously when the place fell. After 
he was exchanged he went to Georgia and became connected 
with the medical department, his chief being Dr. Bateman,. 
formerly of Memphis ; he continued until May, 1865, when 
he volunteered, against the expostulations of his chief, to go 
into the fort at West Point, Ga., to try and repel the invasion 



CONFEDERATE HISTUHK'AL AysOClATlOX. 1«7 



of the Federal cavalry under General Wilson. They were 
forced to surrender, but were not long detained. Atter the 
war he came to Memphis and engat^ed in the grocery business 
successfully. In 1884 he contracted a severe attack of pneu- 
monia; after lingering tV)r one year he died in Manitou, Col , 
November 24, 1885. Ilis remains were brought back to Mem- 
phis, and now lie in Elmwood Cemetery. He was one of the 
early members of the old Confederate Historical Association. 

SANFORD, G. W., private Company B, Seventh Missis- 
sippi Cavalry; enlisted in 1862; paroled May 16, 1865 Was 
recommended for membership in the C. H. A. by J. P. Young 
and C. W. Frazer, and admitted February 11, 1896. 

SCALES, DABNEY M., Midshipman in the Confederate 
States i^avy ; enlisted May, 1861 ; was a midshipman in the 
United States Navy, but resigned when his native State Mis- 
sissippi seceded; reported for duty at Savannah, Ga., under 
John N. Maffitt, on steamers Savannah and Charleston, and 
cruised along the coasts of Georgia and Florida; also served 
under J. N. Brown, commanding the steamer Arkansas, on 
Yazoo and Mississippi rivers; was engaged at Port Royal, 
Old River, and on Mississippi river at Vicksburg, with tieets of 
Farragut and Davis, and with Envoy and consorts under Com- 
modore Porter; was sent by C. S. Government to Europe to 
join the cruiser Shenandoah, which played havoc with the 
United States merchant marine on the Pacific coast, and was 
never captured, but returned to Liverpool in 1866. Midship- 
man Scales was not paroled. He returned to this country 
long after the war, and married a daughter of the late Major 
Geo. W. Winchester; has practiced law successful l}-, and was 
a member of the last State Senate. He became a member of 
this Association August 12, 1884. 

SCOTT, WM. L., came from Knoxville, Tenn., and prac- 
ticed law and married in Memphis before the war; was chosen 
Second Lieutenant of Bankhead's Battery of Light Artillery ; 
his brother-in-law, W. Y. C. Humes, was first lieutenant, and 
Smith P. Bankhead captain ; the other second lieutenants 
were James Clare McDavitt and W. B. Greenlaw, Jr.; the 



188 SKETCHES OF SOLDIEKS 

battery spent the winter of 1861-2 at Columbus, Ky. Lieu- 
tenant Humes was promoted to captain and assigned to com- 
mand a heavy battery, and Lieutenants Scott and McDavitt 
Avere promoted to the rank of first lieutenant. At Shiloh, 
Lieut. Scott had a horse killed under him, and was severely 
wounded in the neck by a musket ball. When the battery 
was reorganized, May 14, 1862, he became junior first lieuten- 
ant; Captain Bankhead was promoted to the rank of major 
and was made chief of artillery, and was afterward advanced 
to the rank of brigadier-general; Lieutenant Scott became 
captain of the battery, known afterward as " Scott's Batter}^ ; " 
it engaged in the battles of Perry ville,Murfreesboro and Chick- 
amauga where a number of the men were killed and wounded ; 
at the battle of Missionary Ridge most of the men were killed, 
wounded, or taken prisoners ; those who escaped were assigned 
to other commands. Captain Scott returned to Memphis after 
the war and resumed the practice of law ; became chancellor 
of the Second Chancery Court of Shelby county, at Memphis ; 
at the end of his term he resumed practice, and in 1875 re- 
moved to St. Louis and followed his profession there. Joined 
this Association September 9, 1869. Died several years ago. 

SEARCY, MARK W., enlisted early in the war in Com- 
pany A, Fifth Arkansas Regiment, Hardee's First Brigade, 
and served until May 1, 1862. His health was failing from 
hard service, and he was discharged at the suggestion of Gen- 
eral Hardee, and then joined what was known as Saunders' 
Confederate Scouts. This company was organized for the 
purpose of acting as headquarters scouts for General Albert 
Sidney Johnston, and was merged with Saunders' Battalion. 
After General Van Dorn's death the command reported to 
General Joseph E. Johnston, and was attached to his army 
until the end of the war. Joined the Confederate Historical 
Association November 4, 1869. 

SELDEN, M. L , enlisted February, 1862, as a private in 
Company A, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, and remained with 
this company, known as the " Memphis Light Dragoons," 
until the close of the war, and was paroled in May, 1865. 
Joined this Association May 29, 1884. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 18» 



SEMMES, B. J., was l)()ni June 15, 1828. in County Charles, 
Maryland, and was a member of the Maynard Rifles, an inde- 
pendent company organized in Memphis before tbe war. This 
(Company F) became a part of the One Hundred and Fifty- 
fourth Senior Tennessee Regiment, and served in the Army of 
Tennessee under Generals Bragg, Johnston and Hood. 15. 
J. Serames w^as for a time sergeant of his eonipany, but 
was soon promoted to tlie rank of major in the coniniissary 
department, and served with marked fidelity and credit until 
paroled May 16,1865. He has since been a highly successful 
merchant in Memphis, and reared a family occupying the 
highest social position. From a reference to the books of 
this Association it appears that he became a member in 1866. 

SEMMES, P. W., was born in Washington, D. C, March 
12, 1841 ; enlisted May 28, 1861, in Company C, Louisiana 
Guards, First Louisiana Regiment; became lieutenant and 
adjutant, and served in the Army of Northern A^irginia ; was 
transferred to the Army of Tennessee in 1862, and served 
under Bragg, Johnston and Hood with the engineer corps^ 
and remained until the close of the war ; was wounded in a 
skirmish at Warfield, Ivy. ; paroled May, 25, 1865. 

SEMMES, RAPHAEL, Jr., Second Lieuteiumt in Semmes" 
Brigade, Johnston's army ; entered the service November 3, 
1863; paroled April, 1865 ; son of Admiral Raphael Semmes. 
Proposed for membership in this Association by Colonel Jno. 
W. Dawson, and elected September, 1869, and was for several 
years an active member. Lives now in Mobile. 

SEMMES, S. S., eldest son of Admiral Semmes; was Sec- 
ond Lieutenant Company E, First Louisiana Infantry. This 
regiment went to Pensacola, thence to Corinth, Miss., where 
it "formed the nucleus of the Army of Tennessee; remained 
in that regiment until the close of the war ; paroled May 20, 
1865. Joined the Confederate Historical Association Sep- 
tember 13, 1894. 

SHAW, THOS. J. W., private in Company 1), Sixth Ti^n- 
nessee Infantry ; entered early and remained to the end. Tro- 



190 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

posed for membership in this Association by J. E. Beasley and 
elected February 3, 1870. 

SHELBY, J. M., private Company D, Fourth Tennessee; 
enlisted May 1, 1861 ; was captured at Shiloh April 7, 1862, 
and released the 11th of that month ; was wounded at Perry- 
ville and Franklin; paroled May 1, 1865. Admitted to this 
Association January 8, 1895. 

SHICK, JOHN, private in Company I, Fifteenth Tennes- 
see, Tyler's Brigade, Bate's Division ; entered the service 
May, 1861, and remained four years. Proposed for member- 
ship by F. May and R. Semmes, Jr., and elected May 12, 1870. 
Has been dead several years. 

SHIPPEY, W. F., enlisted April, 1861, and was First Ser- 
geant of Company A, First Virginia Cavalry, Stuart's Regi- 
ment, during the tirst year of the war; was transferred to 
Company D, Eighth Virginia Infantry, Hilton's Brigade, 
Pickett's Division, Army Northern Virginia, in June, 1863; 
commissioned in Confederate States Navy in the autumn of 
same year and served in James River Squadron until evacua- 
tion of Richmond ; fell back with naval brigade and surrend- 
ered with it at Greensboro, N. C, April 26, 1865 ; was wounded 
nine times. 

SHOUP, FRANCIS A., was a graduate of West Point; 
entered the service in May, 1861, and served four years; 
served as chief of artillery under Generals Hardee and Joseph 
E. Johnston and was promoted to rank of Brigadier General 
and commanded department of Alabama and Florida. After 
the war he lived in Memphis; was professor of mathematics 
in the University of Mississippi for several years and was the 
author of several books; he became an Episcopal minister and 
for many years tilled a chair in the University at Sewanee; 
died at Columbia, Tenn., September 4, 1896, aged 63 years. 
His military career was brilliant and his subsequent life full 
of good works. He was proposed for membership in this 
Association by Hon. Jefferson Davis and General Gideon J. 
Pillow and was elected April 28, 1870. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 191 



SHOUSE, W. W., born in Woodford county, Ky., came to 
Memphis and engaged in business when quite young, just 
before the war; enlisted in the Memphis Liglit Dragoons, 
with W. F. Taylor as Captain, afterward under Cai)tain .1. 
Wes. Sneed; was in the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry ; was in 
the battle at Holly Springs, under General Van Dorn, and in 
the battle of Corinth ; again was under Van Dorn at the first 
battle of Franklin, and at Thompson's station. After Gen- 
eral Van Corn's death was transferred with his regiment to 
General Joseph E. Johnston's army in the rear of Vicksburg, 
when the relief of that place was contemplated; Avas in the 
fight at Jackson, and assisted in covering the retreat to Meri- 
dian ; then ordered to join the army of Tennessee, and served 
throughout the Georgia campaign ; was at the battles of Frank- 
lin and Nashville, and was in winter quarters at Tupelo ; had 
a furlough from there, and was captured near Memphis, March, 
1865, and started to Camp Chase ; jumped from a train above 
Cairo; escaped to Union City, Tenn. ; was recaptured there, 
<^arried to Hickman, Ky,, and placed in a stockade for ten 
days, when news of the surrender came and he was released. 
Returning to Memphis in the fall he resumed business, and 
has been almost continuously since then connected with a 
large establishment, being for man}' years past a partner and 
the general manager ; was married in 1884, and has five chil- 
dren. Joined this Association at an early day in its history. 

SIMS, W. R., enlisted as a private in Company F, Eigh- 
teenth Mississippi Cavalry, Starke's Brigade, Chalmer's Divis- 
ion, in August, 1864, and was paroled in May, 1865. Joined 
Confederate Historical Association June 30, 1891. 

SIMMONS, J. F., Major, and acting quartermaster: served 
on the stafi* of General Robert Ransom, Army of Xorthern 
Virginia; had typhoid fever in the summer of 1862; went 
hack to the field too soon and relapsed; ordered from field for 
duty in Mississippi ; served there until he applied for field ser- 
vice and was ordered to report to General W. H. Jackson as 
chief paymaster of cavalry; never captured, never wounded. 
Has since edited the Sardis, Miss., Southern Reporter. Joined 
this Association March 18, 1894. 



192 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



SMITH, J. N., enlisted as private in Harris' Zouave Cadets, 
One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee, April, 1861, and 
was afterward transferred to Games' Battery; was captured 
at Saulsbury, K. C, April 12, 1865 ; paroled in June, 1865, 
Joined C. H. A. June 13, 1894. 

SNOWDEN, ROBERT BOGARDUS, born in ^ew York 
and came of Revolutionary stock; was brought to Nashville 
when three years old, his father being a leading merchant 
there ; was educated in jSTashville and at the Western Military 
Institute, Kentucky. He entered the war early, and became 
First Lieutenant and Adjutant of Maney's First Tennessee 
Regiment, and served the first year in the Army of West Vir- 
ginia, the next two years in the Army of Tennessee, and the 
last year in the Army of Virginia. As Adjutant of the First 
Tennessee he served in the campaign of West Virginia under 
Generals Lee, Stonewall Jackson and Loring at Cheat moun- 
tain, Sewell mountain, Bath and Hancock. 

After the battle of Fort Donelson his command was ordered 
back to Tennessee, to the army of Albert Sidney Johnston, 
and took part in the battle of Shiloh. After this he was made 
adjutant-general and assigned to the staff of General Bushrod 
Johnson, in whose command he served until the close of the 
war. His next battle was at Perryville, then at the battle of 
Murfreesboro, December 31, 1862, where he distinguished him- 
self by leading a faltering regiment into action, and was pro- 
moted to the lieutenant-colonelcy of the Twenty-fifth Ten- 
nessee, the only instance of the kind in the West. He was 
wounded three times, once at Perryville, once at Murfreesboro, 
where he had a horse killed and two wounded, and once at 
Fort Harrison in front of Richmond. After the battle of 
Chickamauga the Twenty-fifth and Forty-fourth Tennessee 
Regiments were consolidated just before the battle of Mis- 
sionary Ridge, when .Fohnson's Brigade, of which it was a 
part, was ordered with Gracy's Brigade to reinforce General 
Longstreet at Knoxville. The command was at the storming 
of Fort Saunders, and fought at Bean's station. From there 
they were ordered to Petersburg, Va., where Johnson's Divis- 
ion, composed of Gracy's and his old brigade, arrived in time, 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



193 




COL. H. 15. SNitWIiKN. 



HS General Grant said, to eifectiuilly bottle up General Butler, 
who was trying to take Petersburg with 30,000 men. The 
command remained in the Virginia army, and took part in the 
tights around Petersburg and Richmond until Richmond fell, 
and it finally surrendered at Appomattox, along with the rem- 
nant of Archer's old brigade, with which it had been consol- 
idated Colonel Snowden commanded the Twenty-tifth and 
Forty-fourth Tennessee in numerous engagements, including 
the battle of Fort Harrison. 

He was at Appomattox when General Lee surrendered, and 
made his escape with Captain W. T. Blakemore ; went to 
Danville, Va., thence in the car with President Davis to 
Greensboro, N. C, where Johnston's army surrendered : then 
to Augusta, Ga., where he surrendered to and was paroled by 
General Wilson, who gave him transportation to Nashville; 
then he went to New York and engaged in mercantile life 
13 



194 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

for a time. In 1868 he married Miss Anna Brinkley, a youna^ 
lady of wealth, and of an old and noted pioneer family of Ten- 
nessee ; they liave reared a lovely family, and entered laro^ely 
into the social and business life of Memphis. Colonel Snowden 
is in the prime of life and looks after large afiairs, but his 
cheery nature is unchanged by prosperity, and he loves to 
relate in his easy, charming manner, many stirring reminis- 
cences of the war, especially when in a group of the old boys 
who wore the gra}'. He became a member of this Association 
May 12, 1870, and was commander-in-chief at the inter-State 
drill held in Memphis in 1895, with the rank of major-general, 

SPICER, JNO. E., private in Forrest's old regiment ; en- 
tered the service May 4, 1861 ; retired at the surrender in May, 
1865. Proposed for membership in this Association by J. A. 
Loudon, and elected January 20, 1870. 

SFILLMAlSr, R. B.,a native of Virginia, bat lived in Mem- 
phis at the breaking out of the war; enlisted in the One 
Hundrt-d and Fifty-fourth Tennessee Regiment; was in the 
battle of Shiloh ; made the Kentucky campaign with General 
Kirby Smith, and was in the battle of Murfreesboro ; was terri- 
bly wounded in the head b}' a shell when supporting a battery, 
and was taken prisoner and placed in a small room in the 
Female College in Murfreesboro with eleven other prisoners 
badly wounded, all of whom died in his presence, he being 
the onl}^ one in the room that survived; when well enough 
to move was taken to Camp Morton, Indianapolis, Ind., where 
he remained until exchanged at City Point, Va. He returned 
to his regiment, then at Shelbyville, Tenn., but being uniit 
for active service reported to General Joseph E. Johnston, 
who assigned him to post duty at Marietta, Ga., and afterward 
at Thomaston, and then at Americus, Ga., where he was when 
the war closed. He returned to Memjihis and was paroled 
by Ca[itain Kyle of the Federal army, who was on duty here 
at the time. He was one of the early members of this Asso- 
ciation, and at all times has been active and useful, and has 
been especially efficient upon annual memorial occasions when 
the graves of Confederates were strewn with tiowers at Elm- 
wood. Has been vice-president since 1885. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 196 

SPOTSWOOD, EDWIN A., was born September 12, 1836, 
in Orange Grove, Orange county, Va. ; came to Memphis in 
August, 1860, and engaged in business. In tlie spring of IHt'd 
he was elected nnijor of a regiment of State troops and com- 
missioned. In January, 1862, became a member of McDon- 
;ald'8 Battalion, and joined Forrest at Ilopkinsville, Ky. ; went 
with the command to Fort Donelson, and was one of the few 
who swam the back water and escaped ; was furloughed with 
the regiment at Huntsville, Ala., and came home ; was detained 
33y sickness, and upon recovery was married May 22, 1802, to 
Miss Jeannette Armour. June 1st reported to General For- 
rest at Tupelo, Miss. ; detailed to act as sergeant-major, and 
was soon promoted to the position of adjutant, with the rank 
■of iirst lieutenant ; was with General Forrest in covering the 
retreat of Bragg's army to Chattanooga ; came with Forrest's 
•command to Department of Mississi[)pi and West Tennessee. 
In January, 18G4, w'as promoted by General Forrest from 
adjutant to major of the regiment for gallantry on the tield ; 
^vas detailed with others to enter the lines, look ui» recruits 
£Lud obtain information. Returned with General Forrest to 
Korth Mississippi after the l)attle of Fort Pillow, in which 
he participated; was in the battle of Harrisburg and various 
other engagements; was wounded in the thigh at Athens, 
Ala., Septend)er 22, 1864; joined his wife at Macon, Ga.,and 
remained until January, 1865; rejoined Forrest at Tupelo, 
•and was in the various moves and engagements on down to 
Selma, After that fell back to Gainesville, where the sur- 
render took place, and he was paroled on the 11th of May, 
1865. Except when sick or disabled by iiis wound, he took 
part in every fight in w^hich his regiment was engaged from 
Fort Donelson to Selma. He was one of the early meinbers 
of the old Relief and Historical Association, and lias lived in 
Memphis ever since the war. 

STARKE, E. T., Captain Company P>, Sixth Missouri In- 
fantry; enlisted in August, 1861 ; went to Pensacola in .Inly, 
1861, with Colonel Lomax, Alabama Volunteers : remained 
there until March, when relieved. The regiment enlisted for 
the war as the Third Alabama; went to Missouri and joined 



196 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

General Price; served with him until the fall of Vicksburg^ 
and then went with General Pillow until the surrender, May 
29, 1865, date of parole. Joined the C. H. A. August 14^ 
1894. Dead. 

STEINKUHL, CHRIS. D., became a member of the old 
Confederate Relief and Historical Association August 13, 
1869; enlisted in Company B, commanded by Captain James 
G. Barbour, Forrest's old regiment, and at the reorganization 
of the regiment Mr. Steinkuhl w^as elected first lieutenant. 
He served throughout the war; was often in command of hi& 
company, and he was noted for his daring, his ever-present 
good humor and self-control. He was in some hand to hand 
sabre conflicts, had horses shot under him and was wounded 
more than once. He was surrendered and paroled at the end 
of the war. His wife is the daughter of W. C. and Rose P. 
Thompson, so long identified with the I*^ew Memphis Theater, 
After Mr. Thompson's death Captain Steinkuhl was for a 
time manager of the theater. He died of yellow fever in 
1878, after many refugees had returned, and is yet remem- 
bered with affection by his old comrades and all who knew 
him. 

STEWART, C. M., Captain Company E, Twelfth Tennes- 
see ; enlisted May 1, 1862; paroled May 11, 1865. 

STILES, M., enlisted as a i>rivate in Com{>any A, One 
Hundred and Fifth-fourth Senior Tennessee Regiment, April 
26, 1861, and served tiiroughout the war. Joined the C. H. A, 
February 9, 1886. Bead.^ 

STRANGE, J. P., was Assistant Adjutant General on Gen- 
eral Forrest's staff, with rank of Major; appointed July 21^ 
1862, and remained as such through all of the General's pro- 
motions ; he was wounded at Fort Donelson in February, 
1862 ; near Nashville December 2, 1862, and at Bolivar, Tenn,,. 
May 2, 1864; was with General Forrest at the surrender at 
Gainesville, Ala.; resumed business in Memphis after the 
war. Joined the C. II. A. March 3, 1870, and died a year or 
two later sincerely respected and mourned by all who knew 
him. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 197 

STRATTON, W. D,, was boni in Sniitli county, Tenn., on 
January 12, 1836 ; his parents were Virginians, and in lsr)2 
moved to Shelby county and settled near the Mississippi State 
line. He entered the service as Lieutenant of the Mcinpliis 
Rangers, Ninth Tennessee Regiment, Ilal Rogers captain, and 
■commanded the first detail to work on the fortifications of 
Columbus, Ky. ; was promoted to the rank of captain on the 
battlefield of Shiloh, and at his request commissioned in the 
€avalry, which he received at Tupelo, Miss.; with his brother, 
T. T. Stratton, crossed the Mississippi river with a train of 
•ordnance for General Hindman at Little Rock, which con- 
sisted of one hundred and six wagonloads, and was the first 
and only successful expedition that ever reached that deytart- 
nient; returning he joined General R. V. Richardson in organ- 
izing a brigade of cavalry inside the enemy's lines, and served 
on his stafi" until General Forrest took charge in Mississipjti 
and West Tennessee, when he was put in command of the 
provost guard in January, 1864, and served in this capacity 
until a few weeks before the battle of llarrisburg, Miss., when 
he was transferred to the Nineteenth Tennessee, Colonel New- 
som commanding, and was acting major of this regiment when 
he lost his leg, leading it in a charge on a battery at the battle 
of Harrisburg. After the war he returned to Memphis, his 
old home, and was one of the active members of the C. R. 
and H. Association ; was a member of the first committee on 
■entertainment, together with Dr. Robert Mitchell, Captain 
Tom Johnson, Captain Steinkulil and Colonel Dawson. He 
had six brothers in the service — one was killed at the battle 
of Atlanta, two were maimed for life, and three came out 
unscathed. He now lives in Atlanta, Ga. 

SYKES, JOSEPH P., born September 2, 1844, in Manry 
•county, Tenn.; entered the Confederate States Army as a 
•cadet and served at Nashville ; transferred to Pensacola and 
assigned to the Tenth Mississippi Regiment, then to Lums- 
■den's Alabama Light Artillery; was in the battles of Perry- 
ville, Murfreesboro and Chickamauga, and in all the battles 
from Dalton to Atlanta; was transferred to L. S. Ross" Brig- 
ade of Texas Cavalry, and became inspector of same; was 



198 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

with Hood's army in Tennessee, and in the engagement on 
the retreat at Anthony's Hill, near Pulaski ; paroled at Jack- 
son, Miss., May 13, 1865. Joined the C. H. A. August 8,. 
1893; married a daughter of General Preston Smith, and has 
practiced law in Memphis for many years. 

TALLEY, RICHARD H., at the age of 16 years left his 
widowed mother and enlisted in the Thirty-eighth Tennes- 
see ; served throughout the war, and was paroled May 1, 
1865, at Macon, Ga. He then took service with the M. & C. 
R. R. at Collierville, having his office and station in a box- 
car. A few years after he was transferred to Memphis, where 
he was employed in the treasurer's office. After fourteen 
years' service he became ticket agent of the C. O. & S. W. 
R. R. Co.,and afterward represented other railroads. He was 
secretary of the Memphis Passenger Association when he 
died in 1895. Joined the C. H. A. March 10, 1885. He was 
the youngest of four sons of Mrs. Emily B. Talley, all of 
whom went into the Confederate army, as well as two sons- 
in-law of this noble Southern mother. The other brothers 
were Foster D., Fletcher H. and Wm. F. Talley. 

TATUM, HENRY A., private in Company I, First Con- 
federate Regiment; was born on the 8th of September, 1837, 
in Guilford county, IST. C. ; enlisted early in the war, but does 
not remember the day; he left Memphis with Captain M. J. 
Wicks' Mounted Rifles; was captured at Murfreesboro, but 
held only twenty minutes; was paroled at Gainesville, Ala.,. 
May 14, 1865. 

TAYLOR, THOS. J., private in Company F, Twelfth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry ; enlisted January 16, 1863 ; born 20th of May,. 
1847, in Haywood county, Tenn. ; was wounded slightly at 
the battle of Pulaski; captured at Athens, Ala., and paroled 
May 14, 1865, at Gainesville, Ala. 

TAYLOR, W. F., enlisted early, and the services of his 
company were tendered to the Secretary of War before the- 
firing on Fort Sumpter. He became lieutenant - colonel and 
colonel of the famous Seventh Tennessee Cavalry and served 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOIUC'AL AIS80CIATION. 199 

with distinction throughout the war; was twice wouikKmI, 
though not seriously; was in many engagements, and was a 
dashing, fearless leader, enjoying tiie full contidence of liis 
men; was paroled in May, 1865, and has since been and is 
now (1896) a leading merchant of Memphis. EU'ctcd a mem- 
ber of this Association in 1860 or '70. 

TAYLOR, THOS. C, was born in Clinton, East Feliciana 
parish, La., October 10, 1843; enlisted April, 1861, in Com- 
pany B, Hunter Rifles, which went to New Orleans and was 
made a part of the Fourth Louisiana; the regiment was sent 
to Vicksburg, Miss., and built the flrst fortifications of tiiat 
stronghold. The Fourth Louisiana, under that gallant colo- 
nel, H. W. Allen, went to Jackson, Tenn., and thence to Shi- 
loh ; it was in all the campaigns in the West and at Baton 
Rouo^e under Breckinridi>;e, and at the tirst siesce of Port Hud- 
son, La.; on leaving Port Hudson the regiment rejoimMl the 
Western army at Dalton, Ga., and was in the battles of At- 
lanta, Peachtree creek and Jonesboro, Ga. ; at the latter place 
Comrade Taylor was wounded, and has carried the bullet from 
August 31, 1864, to this day; rejoined his com[»any and regi- 
ment in time for the battle of Franklin, and was captured (»n 
General Hood's retreat from Nashville on December 19, 1864, 
and sent to Camp Douglas at Chicago, 111., where he remained 
until June 20, 1864, having belonged through the entire war 
to the same company and regiment. He returned to his home 
in Louisiana after being discharged from prison, and in Octo- 
ber, 1865, went to Texas, Avhere he was married in October, 
1866, to Miss Fannie Vickers of Waco. He has been a resi- 
dent of Memphis since 1871, and is a member of the C"n- 
federate Historical Association, 

TAYLOR, J. R. ("Tobe""), went out early in 1S61 as caj- 
tain of a company in Miller's Battalion, afterward Pinson's 
First Mississippi Cavalry; was slightly wounded at Shiloii, 
and was with Armstrong and Jackson on the raid into Ten- 
nessee; was wounded at Denmark and left in the iiands of 
the enemy, but nursed by Memphis ladies, and escaped; was 
with Van Dorn on his Tennessee cam^taign, and with (icn- 



200 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



eral Joseph E. Johnston at Jackson, Miss., and in numerous 
tights; was with Forrest, and wounded on tlie bridge at Mos- 
cow ; served with Armstrong's Brigade, Jackson's Division, 
through the Georgia campaign ; was under Hood in Tennes- 
see, and in the battles of Franklin, Nashville, Murfreesboro 
and Anthony's Hill ; was wounded and had a horse killed 
under him while on outpost duty, and was one of the last to 
get over the river; was in other engagements, and last of all 
at Selma, where he was captured; was taken to Maeon and 
paroled. He was never sick and never missed a fight except 
on account of wounds. He says now that he fared just as his 
men did; is proud of his record, and hands it down to his 
children and grandchildren as tliat of a plain soldier fighting 
for what he knew to be right. He was married to Miss El- 
genia Morgan in 1857, both of them being of fine Revolu- 
tionary stock; they have four sons and two daughters. Cap 
tain Taylor joined the C. H. A. on May 12, 1885. 

THOMPSON, J. H., Corporal Company E, Twenty-ninth 
Mississippi Regiment ; enlisted in March, 1862 ; was captured 
at Lookout mountain November 24, 1863; released from 
Rock Island prison by parole for thirty days March 29, 1865, 
and the war closed before the parole expired. Admitted to 
the C. H. A. December 10, 181t5, and became a member of 
Company A, Confederate Veterans. 

THOMPSON, JACOB, was born in Caswell county, N. C, 
in 1810, and died in Memphis, March 24, 1885. His life is 
thus epitomized on a tablet dedicated to him in Memorial 
Hall, Chapel Hill University of North Carolina: "Class of 
1831; Member of Faculty, 1831 ; Representative in Congress, 
1839-1853; Secretary of the Interior, 1857-1861 ; Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Inspector-General C. S. A., 1862-1863; Confiden- 
tial Agent of Confederate States to the Dominion of Canada, 
1864-1865." Mr. Thompson became a lawyer, and located at 
Pontotoc, Miss. ; went to Congress, and was a distinguished 
figure there for many years ; after that was Secretary of the 
Interior under James Buchanan, and served with marked efii- 
ciency and distinction ; when Mississippi seceded he resigned 



CONFEDEKATE lIl«TOKK'AL ASSOCIATION. 



201 




HON. JACOB THOMPSON. 



and returned to his home. He was at the battle of Shiloh ; 
became Lieutenant-Colonel of Ballentine's Regiment of Cav- 
alry, and later on had a iiorse sliot under him ; subsequently 
he was sent on a mission to Canada, with a view of aidini*; in 
the escape of Confederate prisoners. After tlie war closed, a 
reward being offered for liis head, he sailed for Eui-opc with 
his family, and remained away for some years. lie returned 
to Oxford, Miss., came to Memphis, built an ele.i^ant home, 
and passed the rest of his life in a manner becoming a retired 
statesman, soldier and true christian gentleman. Colonel 
Thompson was loved and respected by all who knew him, 
and especially by the members of the Confederate Historical 
Association, of which he was an honored member. Ilis name 
was proposed for membership by Jefierson Davis, late Presi- 
dent of the Confederacy, and by Rev. J. Carmichael, and lie 
was elected April 28, 1870. 



202 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

THOMPSON, J. N., born September 22, 1841, in Yalhi- 
busba county. Miss.; enlisted April 27, 1861, as a private in 
Company E,Bljtbe'sFort3'-fourtb Mississippi Regiment; was 
wounded twice in tbe battle of New Hope Cliurch, Ga., on 
the 27th of May, 1864; served to the end of the war. Joined 
the C. H, A. September 13, 1893, and is a member of Com- 
pany A, Confederate Veterans. 

THORNTON, GUSTAVUS BROWN, born February 22, 
1835, at Bowling Green, Caroline county, Va., and came to 
Memphis with his father's family in 1847. His collegiate 
course was taken in Richmond, Ya. ; graduated at the Mem- 
phis Medical College in 1858, and at the University of New 
York Medical Department in 1860 ; practiced medicine in 
Memphis one year; spring of 1861 joined the Southern Guards 
under Captain James Hamilton, One Hudnred and Fifty- 
fourth Tennessee Regiment, and served as a private three or 
four months; was then commissioned as Assistant Surgeon 
of State troops; when transferred to the Confederate States 
Army retained the same rank. While assistant surgeon he 
served at Belmont, New Madrid, Island No. 10 and at other 
points, and acted as brigade surgeon with Brigadier-General 
John P. McCovvn. After the battle of Shiloh was appointed 
surgeon by the Richmond authorities and became chief sur- 
geon of McCown's Division when McCown was made Major- 
General, and was at the battles of Richmond and Perryville,. 
though not immediately present at the former. He was with 
the same division at Murfreesboro. General McCown in his 
official report said: "Division Surgeon G. B. Thornton was 
untiring in his labors with the wounded. He is entitled to 
the thanks of the command." See Series 1, vol. xxi, page 
915, Official Records Union and Confederate Armies. 

In the summer of 1863 he became chief surgeon of Gen- 
eral A. P. Stewart's Division, and was with this division at 
the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge; was in 
winter quarters at Dalton, and on the Georgia campaign. 
After the death of General Polk, General Stewart was pro- 
moted to command his corps, and Surgeon Thornton remained 
with the old division, placed in conmiand of General H. D.. 



CONFEDERATE III6T(J1UCAL ASSOCIATION. 203 




DK. <i. J'.. riluKN Ton. 



Clayton of Alabama. He was at the battle of Franklin, luit 
his division did not participate; was in service aronnd Nash- 
ville. At the reorganization of the army in Xorth Carolina 
in the spring of 1865, Dr. Thornton was assigned to Wal- 
thall's Division, with which lie remained nntil the capitula- 
tion, which soon followed. 

Returning to Memphis in the summer of 1865, Dr. Thorn- 
ton resumed the practice of medicine. In 1866, when cholera 
prevailed, he was appointed assistant physician at the Mem- 
phis Hospital with Dr. J. M. Keller, and saw much service. 
Jn 1868 he became hospital physician, and held tlie position 
for eleven years. In the yellow fever epidemic of 1H67 Dr. 
Thornton again saw hard service, and in "73 he was entrusted 
with great responsibilities and inaugurated some important 
reforms, one of which resulted in the sejtaration of the small- 
pox hospital from the city hospital. The Doctor was also 



204 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



mainly instrumental in securing, through Hon. Casey Young 
and Senator Harris, the passage of the bill under which the 
Marine Hospital was located in Memphis. In the great yel- 
low fever epidemic of 1878, while yet in charge of the City 
Hospital, Dr. Thornton was prostrated with the disease and 
narrowly escaped with his life. In 1879 he voluntarily re- 
signed, and was appointed by Dr. D. T. Porter, President of 
the Taxing District (city of Memphis), President of the Mem- 
phis Board of Health ; served ten years and then resigned. 
His services, papers and arduous labors were recognized by 
sanitarians and the profession at large throughout the coun- 
try, as well as by the public and local government. Realiz- 
ing the necessity of a new hospital for Memphis as no other 
man perhaps did. he was largely instrumental in securing the 
levy of a special tax of 9 cents on the §100 for three years 
(180,000) for a new hos[>ital, which is now assured. 

After the installation of Mayor Clapp, Dr. Tliornton was 
again called into service as President of the Board of Health, 
and at this writing (December, 189H) holds the position. He 
was a member of the State Board of Health several years, and 
belongs to several medical societies. He was ever a strong 
advocate of national, maritime and inter-State quarantine as 
a protection against yellow fever, and used his influence to 
secure the passage of the existing national, maritime and 
inter-State quarantine law, passed by the Fifty-second Con- 
gress January 13, 1863. It is no flattery to say that he is uni- 
versally esteemed as a leader in his profession and as a most 
courteous and genial christian gentleman. 

Dr. Thornton has been twice married — lirst to Miss Martha 
Louisa IluUum, December 1, 1869, who died June 27,1875, 
leaving two children. Anna Mary and G. B. Thornton, Jr.; 
second, to Mrs. Ella Walker (Winston), widow of the late 
Colonel Gustavus A. Henry of Alabama. He became a mem- 
ber of the C. H. A. September 9, 1869. 

TUCKER, W. W., captain of a company in the Fifth Mis- 
sissippi Cavalry; entered the service March, 1861; paroled 
in May, 1865. Proposed for membership in the C. H. A. by 
General Patton Anderson and elected May 12, 1870. 



CONFEDEHATE lllbTUHlCAL ASSUt'IATluN. 



2U5 




THOS. F. T(i|'.IN. 
.lamiary, istil. 



TOBIN", THOMAS FRAXCIS, bom in County Tipponiry. 
Ireland, January 1, 1840 ; eanie to this country witli his 
family when 11 years old; was educated at St. Jose[»irs Col- 
lege, Perry county, Ohio; came to Mem["his in 1859, and was 
given a position in the postoffice under General \Vm. II. Oar- 
roll. At the outbreak of the war was elected captain of a 
company of infantry in June, 1861, and ti-ansferred to artil- 
lery, with the understanding that a West i'ointcr was to be 
captain. Captain W. Orton Williams, inspector on General 
Polk's staff, was giv^en this place, and T. F. Tobin became 
lirst lieutenant. The seventy-six men were mustered into 
Confederate service for three years or the war July 4, 1861. 
The company went into camp four miles north of Mem- 
phis; ordered to Columbus, Ky., about the last of July, and 
placed under command of General Clieatiiam ; took small 
part at Belmont; tired across tlie river in support of Tap- 



■206 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



pan's regiment ; wintered at Feliciana, Ky., and was in numer- 
ous artillery duels near Paducah ; ordered to ('orinth, and held 
as reserve at Shiloh ; was in the battle of Farmington, and 
after that had a series of artillery duels on General Van Dorn's 
line with one of General Pope's batteries. In one of these 
Lieutenant Tobin was wounded, and had a horse shot under 
Ijim. General Van Dorn was ever after his warm friend. In 
June of that year Lieutenant Tobin was promoted to captain, 
and he was slightly wounded at the battle of luka. lie was 
in the thick of the attack on Corinth, and on the second day's 
fight, while trying to save a disabled gun, he was wounded 
and captured, l)Ut exchanged through the courtesy of General 
Kosecrans. In December, 1862, he was transferred with his 
battery to Vicksburg, and was actively engaged in and about 
this place until its fall, participating in fourteen engagements 
"before the siege began. During the siege proper, which began 
early in May, 1863, Captain Tobin was chief of artillery of Gen. 
Forney's division on the Baldwin Ferry road, which was the 
center of the Confederate lines. He commanded nine redoubts 
and seven batteries with twenty-eight guns, and was wounded 
May 28, but returned to duty in two weeks. He went there 
with one hundred and five men, and at the end of the siege 
had only thirty-one fit for duty. On July 10 they were paroled 
and went to Selma, Ala. There Captain Tobin was prostrated 
with typhoid fever. He reorganized his battery at Enterprise, 
Miss., late in October. While at Vicksburg he had been com- 
missioned as full colonel, with orders to report to General Van 
Dorn as chief of his artillery, and at the same time had been 
commissioned as captain of the Fifth Regular Artillery, but 
General Van Dorn had in the meantime been killed, and the 
captain preferred to remain witii his old company. He re- 
ported to Major-General Maury at Mobile, and recruited his 
battery up to 200 men. Sections of his battery were sent to 
Florida and various points between Mobile and New Orleans, 
on detached service, and were in nine skirmishes with the 
Federals — at Pascagoula, Pensacola and other points. When 
the Confederates left xMobile Captain Tobin was ordered to 
report to Colonel Phil Science, to assist in covering the retreat 



CONFEDERATE IIISTUKRAL ASSUUIATK^N. 



to Meridian, and his battery was placed at Cuba station ..n 
April 26. On May 11, after four years of arduous service, in 
which many lives were lost, Tobin's battery was paroled at 
Cuba station. A touching- address of sympathy, respect and 
iitfection, signed by the officers and one hundred and seventy- 
six men, was delivered to Captain Tobin upon the eve of their 
final separation. He returned to Memphis and soon engaged 
actively in business. He was ticket agent for the Mississippi 
& Tennessee Railroad for one year, then engaged in cotton 
buying and stora^re, and is still in the cotton business. In 
August, 1886, he was appointed collector of the port of Mem- 
phis and served about five years; since that time has served 
a term in the State Senate in 1892-98, and has in the mean- 
time managed large aftairs entrusted to him for settlement. 
He has always been a popitlar man in social life, and has been 
a prominent member of all tlie clubs and commercial organi- 
zations. Joined the Confederate Historical Association when 
first organized, and was a member of the general stafi" at the 
inter-State drill held in Memphis in May, 1895. He was 
married in October, 1877, to Miss Julia Semmes, daugliter of 
Major B. J. Semmes. She died two years later, leaving an 
infant son, who is living. 

TUCKER, JOHN O., enlisted at Columbus, Miss., near 
where he was born, in October, 1863, in Company K, Sixth 
Mississippi Cavalry, before he was 15 years old. This was a 
regiment of young men, very few of them being 21 years old. 
He served actively until the end of the war; was in the bat- 
tle of Harrisburg, where Captain Fields of his company was 
killed, also the colonel of the regiment, Ishani Harris; he 
was in other engagements; was paroled at Gainesville, Ala., 
Ma}', 1865. He married in Columbus, came to Mem[»liis six 
years ago. and joined the C. H. A. December 11. IJ^tU: lu^Ids 
a position in the ])Ostoffice. 

TUCKER, W. D., was Assistant Surgeon of the One Hun- 
dred and Fifth-fourth Tennessee Regiment and promoted to 
rank of full surgeon at Shelbyville, Tenn., in 1863; was with 
General Polk at the battle of Chickamauga when he was 
relieved of liis command, which was assumed l»y Lieutenant- 



208 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

General W. J. Hardee ; remained on General Hardee's staff 
as inspector until relieved by the Secretary of War through 
Surgeon-General Moore; then ordered to the Department of 
Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana as inspector of depart- 
ment. Joined the C. H. A. June 30, 1892. Dead. 

TUCKER, WM. W., was a private in Company K, Ninth 
Mississippi Regiment; after being wounded at the battle of 
Missionary Ridge, he reported back to his command at New 
Hope Church, Ga., but being still disabled was granted fur- 
ther time, and i-eturned to his home in North Mississippi ; 
there he secured a horse, reported to General Chalmers for 
duty and was with him at the end of the war; was paroled 
in June, 1865. 

TUCKER, A. F., enlisted as a private in Company I, First 
Mississippi Battalion, May 1, 1861. After the battle of Shiloh 
was discharged on account of sickness ; upon recovering he 
joined Forrest's cc^mmand and remained until the end of the 
war; paroled in May, I860. Joined the C. PI. A. September 
15, 1891. 

TURLEY, THOS. B., born in Memphis, Tenn., April 5. 
1845, in the house in which he now lives. His father was the 
late ;rhos. J. Turley, who died in Memphis August 1, 1854, 
His mother was Mrs. Flora C. Turley, a daughter of William 
Battle, Esq., one of the earliest settlers in this county. She 
died a few years ago. His father's faniih' were Virginians, 
his mother's North Carolinians. He attended various schools 
in Memphis up to the breaking out of the late civil war. He 
enlisted the first year of the war in the Maynard Rifles, Com- 
pany L, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee Regiment. 
The first Captain of Company L was E. A. Cole. Its second 
captain was the late Walter R. Lucas of this city. He was 
wounded twice — once at Shiloh and again at Peachtree creek 
in front of Atlanta; was captured in the battle of Nashville 
and carried to Camp Chase, Ohio, where he was held until 
March, 1865, when he was exchanged and returned South. 
After the war he passed two years at the University of Vir- 
ginia, where he studied law. Since about 1869 or '70 he has 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 209 



been practicing law in this city, lie is at {.ivsent a incmlHT 
of the lirm of Turley & Wright; has never hehl office of any 
kind; was married about 1870 to Miss Irene Kayner, danj^h- 
ter of the bite Eli Kayner of this county; iive children have 
been born to himself and wife, all of whom are living. He 
joined the C. II. A. Octo))er 9, 1894. 

TYLER, F. A., enlisted April, 1862, as a private in Com- 
pany G, Third Mississippi Cavalry, Adams' Brigade ; paroled 
May, 1865. Proposed for membership in this Associaticjii 
by VV. P. Gray and elected January 20, 1870; was editor of 
the Ledger after the war, and also of the Appeal for a time; 
afterward publisbed a paper in Holly Springs and lives there 
yet well advanced in years. 

VACCARO, A. B., born near Genoa, Italy, in 1837, and 
came to Memphis in 1852 and went into business with his 
brothers ; enlisted in McDonald's Battalion in the spring of 
1861, going out at iirst in a sixty-days company; when that 
disbanded he re-enlisted in Forrest's old regiment, and was 
in the battle of Shiloh ; after that he was detailed in the quar- 
termaster's department and served in that capacity to the end 
of the war, being with the army of Tennessee in all its cam- 
paigns in Kentucky, Louisiana, Alabama and Mississippi. 
After tbe war resumed business successfully in Memphis. In 
1867 married Miss Ida Bradford, daughter of Simon r)radford. 

VACCARO, B., born near Genoa, Italy, in 1835; came to 
Memphis in 1850 and engaged in business; enlisted in Com- 
pany L, Captain E. A. Cole, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth 
Tennessee, March, 1862; was in the battles of Shiloh, Perry- 
ville and Murfreesboro ; wounded in the last named and dis- 
abled for ninety days; was in winter quarters at Shelbyville; 
was in the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge ; in 
winter quarters at Dalton and on the Georgia campaign to 
Atlanta, and in nearly all the principal tights under General 
Johnston ; was under Hood in the battles on Peachtree creek 
July 20 and in the battle of July 22, and wounded severely 
there the last day. Rejoined his regiment in time to be in 
the battle of Franklin, and was in the fight and captured in 
14 



210 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

front of Nashville, alon.^ with the most of his command. 
After that was carried to Camp Chase, Ohio, and remained 
several months, when the war ended and he was released and 
sent home. After the battle of Shiloh he became a sergeant 
and served as such as long as in the army. Resumed busi- 
ness on Front Row, and has been actively and successfully 
enffaeed ever since. Was married in 1868 to Miss Celestina 
Sturla, and they have reared a family of five interesting chil- 
dren. Joined the Confederate Historical Association Novem- 
ber 11, l: 



VENK, FRANK H., enlisted at Holly Springs, Miss., May 
25, 1861, as private in Company I, Nineteenth Mississippi 
Regiment; served in the Army of Virginia ; took part in the 
battles of Williamsburg, Seven Pines and second Manassas ; 
was in the campaign of General Lee in Maryland and Penn- 
sylvania; was at the capture of Harper's Ferry and other 
engagements, and was wounded in one of the battles around 
Riclimond, and paroled June, 1865. Joined the Confederate 
Historical Association September 9, 1869. 

VANCE, R. H., son of the late Judge John W. Vance of 
Hernando, Miss., was born at Bowling Green, Ky., and with 
his parents removed to Hernando at an early age ; went 
into mercantile life with his present partner, J, V. Johnston ; 
enlisted in Company I, Captain J. B. Morgan, Twenty-ninth 
Mississippi Regiment, Walthall's, and was elected fifth ser- 
geant, and in 1864 was made first lieutenant; was in the bat- 
tles of Chickamauga, New Hope Church, Resaca, Peachtree 
creek, Atlanta and Franklin, and in numerous smaller en- 
gagements, particularly in the Georgia campaign, and was 
wounded July 9, 1864, at Chattahoochie river in front of At- 
lanta, and wounded the second time, under General Hood, in 
hont of Nashville; was surrendered at Greensboro, N. C, on 
May 1, 1865, and paroled there. He was rarely ever absent 
Irom his command, except for short periods when wounded; 
saw much hard service, but came out cheerful, hopeful and 
ready for the other battles of life. 

Returning home and to Memphis, Mr. Vance resumed bus- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



211 




R. H. VANCE. 



iness with his comrade and ibriuer partner, and tliey have 
been associated together most pleasantly and successfully ever 
since. He joined the C. 11. A. July 15, 1869. He was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary Carroll, daughter of General William II. 
Carroll, February 5, 1877, and by this union they have two 
children — a son, Carroll, and daughtei', Elise Vance. He be- 
came a member of the C. H. A. when it was lirst organized, 
and has taken an active part in the social and business affairs 
of the city, and has been exceedingly liberal in matters of 
charity and the general welfare. Ills success in life anil high 
social position and natural geniality of character have enabled 
him to enjoy life and at the same time find greatest pleasure 
in doing good to others in a quiet, unostentatious manner, 
and the same can be said with equal truth of his life - long 
business partner. 



212 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

VAUGHAN, A. J,, born in Dinwiddie county, Va., May 
10, 1830, and graduated at the Virginia Military Institute in 
1851 ; M'ent west and adopted civil engineering as a profes- 
sion. While engaged in making a survey of the Hannibal & 
St. Joseph R. R. received the ap[>ointment of Deputy U S. 
Surveyor of California, headquarters at Los Angeles, under 
Colonel Jack Hays, operated on the Kern river. In 1855 was 
appointed private secretary to Colonel Alfred Cummings of 
Georgia, then superintendent of Indian Atfairs, who had been 
appointed on a commission to make a treaty with the Black- 
feet and other tribes for the right of way for the Northern 
Pacific Railroad. 

In 1856 he was married in Mississippi to Miss Martha Jane 
Hardaway of Virginia, his present wife, and was engaged in 
planting when the war broke out. Though a Union man, as 
soon as his native State, Virginia, and his adopted State, Mis- 
sissippi, passed the ordinance of secession, he at once raised 
a company and tendered it to the Governor of Mississippi; 
but his company could not be received and was disbanded, 
many joining companies that had already been mustered into 
service. 

About this time Governor Isham G. Harris of Tennessee 
called for 75,000 volunteers. He then united in forming a 
company at Moscow, Tenn., and was elected captain, and at 
the formation of the Thirteenth Tennessee, shortly thereafter 
at Jackson, he was elected lieutenant-colonel ; served until 
after the battle of Belmont, when he was unanimously elected 
colonel of the regiment. At the reorganization of the army 
at Corinth he was re-elected colonel. As colonel of the regi- 
ment he fought at the battle of Shiloh; made the campaign 
into Kentucky under Kirby Smith ; was engaged in the battle 
of Richmond, Ky., and was at the battle of Perryville, and 
fought in the battle of Murfreesboro. 

In January, 1863, shortly after the battle of Murfreesboro, 
or Stone river, while the army was at Shelbyville, Tenn., the 
Thirteenth and One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Senior Ten- 
nessee Regiments were so reduced in numbers that they were 
consolidated. Colonel A. J. Vaughan of the Thirteenth was 



CONFEDERATE IIISTUHK'AJ. ASSOCIATION. 



213 




(iEN. A. J. VATGHAN. 



retained as colonel. Captain R. W. Pittman of the Thir- 
teenth, who had been promoted already, was retained as 
lieutenant-colonel and Major John W. Dawson of the One 
Hundred and Fifty-fourth Senior Regiment was retained as 
major. Though these two regiments were consolidated, nei- 
ther one ever lost its identity, and each was known to the 
close of the war as the One Hundred and Fifty-fourtii Senior 
and Thirteenth Tennessee Regiments. From Jielmont to 
Murfreesboro they had fought side by side on every battle- 
field. In daylight and in -darkness, in victor^' or defeat, they 
had stood shoulder to shoulder. Each knew the worth and 
value of the other and both had a purpose in view, and that 
purpose, even to the extent of their lives, was to maintain 
the honor of Tennessee and to upliold the Confederacy. From 
this time forward to the close of the war the history of these 
two regiments was a common history ; the glory of the one 



214 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

was the pride of the other, and neither ever lost hope until 
the Confederate banner went down forever. 

In command of these regiments, Colonel Vaughan marched 
to Chattanooga, and fought in the battles of Lookout Moun- 
tain and Chickamauga, where the gallant Preston Smith was- 
killed. He was then promoted on the field by President Davis 
in person, and assigned to Preston Smith's Brigade, which wa& 
composed of the following Tennessee regiments : Eleventh,. 
Twelfth, Forty-seventh, Thirteenth, One Hundred and Fifty- 
fourth, and Twenty-ninth. They were the first troops to drive 
the enemy off" the iMissionary Ridge. He with the brigade 
was then ordered to reinforce Longstreet, who was at Knox- 
ville, but before reaching there Longstreet was repulsed, and 
the brigade was ordered back to Missionary Ridge. He fought 
in the battle of Missionary Ridge, and the army was repulsed 
and driven back, but his brigade retired in perfect order. His 
next operations were in the memorable campaign from Dalton 
to Atlanta, where his brigade was engaged in every skirmish 
and engagement until it reached Vining station, just below 
Marietta, where on July 4, 1864, he lost a leg, which unfitted 
him for further service. 

From first to last General Vaughan had eight horses shot 
under him in battle, and nearly all were killed. The wound 
which permanently disabled him was one of the freaks of war,, 
and was received, as stated, on July 4, when by common con- 
sent hostilities were suspended, except some artillery practice, 
which was not seriously regarded. He was back on the third 
line in the rear, resting against a tree and chatting with some 
friends, when a shell fell and exploded immediately under his 
foot, tearing it off and making a hole in the ground big enough 
to have contained his whole body. 

The devotion of General Vaughan to his men, and their 
love for him, as well as their heroism, patriotism and fidelity 
to the Southern cause, was illustrated by an incident which 
occurred while the army was in winter quarters at Dalton,. 
Ga. While this formed perhaps a small part of the history 
of the Thirteenth Tennessee Regiment, it left a memory 
which will remain until the "shadows gather for the eternal 



CONFEDERATE lII8TOKR;Ai. A8SOCIAT1UN. 215 



night." The regiment was reduced to less tlian liOO nu-n, nnd 
in generosity and love these few men determined to make 
their colonel (now promoted to brigadier-general) a present 
of a horse. It was a difficult matter to find such a horse as 
they wanted, but Dr. Yandell of Louisville, who belonged to 
the medical staff, had a magnificent Grey Eagle lioi-sc for 
which he asked $4000, but said that if the regiment wantrd 
him for their commander, he would take $3000 for him. 
These few men, drawing $11 per month, with their ragged 
uniforms and living on half rations, agreed to buy the horse, 
and obstinately refused to allow any one outside of the regi- 
ment to give one cent. The money was scraped up among 
themselves and the present made. Captain Jerry Crook, Com- 
pany I, Thirteenth Regiment, made the presentation speech, 
and Captain R. F. Lanier, Company G, on behalf of their 
commander, the reception speech. General Vaughan has 
lived to forget many things, but never will pass from his 
memory the gratitude he felt on that day when his war-worn 
soldiers in their ragged grey gathered around him to show 
their love and confidence. If nothing else, that act alone 
has made dear to his heart every soldier of the Thirteenth 
Tennessee Regiment. 

General Vaughan removed to Memphis from Mississippi in 
1873, and was elected Clerk of the Criminal Court in 1878, in 
which capacity he served two terms, this being the only civil 
office of importance he ever held. lie joined this Association 
Auffust 12, 1884, and is an enthusiastic ex-Confederate, and 
has attended national reunions of veterans at New Orleans, 
Birmingham, Houston and Richmond, and is now brigadier- 
general, commanding Second Brigade, Tennessee Division, 
U. C. v.; was one of the grand marshals at Richnu»nd in 
June-July, 1896, and is chairman of the Battle Abbey com- 
mittee for Tennessee, and in peace as in war is still a leader 
in the hearts of all his comrades and old friends. 

WAGNER, A. E., private Company D, Sixteenth Missis- 
sippi Regiment, Harris' Brigade; entered the service early in 
1861, and paroled in May, 1865. Proposed for membershi{> by 
Henry Moode and J. C. Bennett and elected May 26, 1870. 



216 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

WAliD, B. F., enlisted March 27, 1861, in Company I, 
Ninth Mississippi; afterward was First Lieutenant in Com- 
pany B, Forty-second Mississippi ; attached to Joe A. Davis' 
Brigade, A. N. V., and was with Henderson's Scouts, Forrest's 
Cavah-y, from March 20 to May 10, 1865; wounded three 
times — in the battle of Cold Harbor, Va., June 2, 1861, and 
twice in the entrenchments at Petersburg near the "crater" 
in 1864. He resigned as first lieutenant to accept the position 
as adjutant tendered him by Colonel W. G. Henderson of the 
Fifth Mississippi Regiment, General Chalmers' Brigade. Be- 
fore he could reach that regiment his brother. Captain Albert 
G. Ward, was missing or killed at Franklin, and he chose to 
join Henderson's Scouts, and served in that company until the 
end of the war. His parole was dated Gainesville, Ala., May 
10, 1865. He now (1896) lives at Marion, Ark. Joined the 
Confederate Historical Association several years ago. 

WATSON, J. H., private in Company A, Corps of Cadets 
Virginia Military Institute ; enlisted in May, 1864. The V. 
M. I. was adopted by the Confederate States as the national 
military academy, and sustained the same relation to the 
Confederacy that West Point does to the United States. The 
Corps of Cadets was in the service of the Confederacy as part 
of the regular army, but owing to the youthful ness of the 
cadets they were only called into active service in cases of 
emergency; paroled May, 1865. He became a member of 
this Association July 15, 1869; has practiced law with emi- 
nent success in Memphis for a number of years. 

WALT, MARTIN, was born in Ohio and came to Mem- 
phis when a mere youth, and was captain of a steamboat at 
the age of 19 years. When the war broke out he was about 
of age, and went into the Confederate service with Captain 
Frank Gailor, of the old Avalanche staff, who was first on the 
staff' of General Wm. H. Carroll and afterward transferred 
to the staff" of General S. A. M. Wood of North Alabama. 
Major Gailor was killed at the battle of Perryville, October 
8, 1862, and was succeeded by his assistant, Martin Walt, who 
was given the same rank. Major Walt served as quarter- 



CONFEDERATE IllS'luKKAL ASy(XlATION. 



217 





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MA. I. MAUTIN \VAI/r. 



master of division in the Army of Tennessee, and was for 
two years on the staft* of Major-General Pat Cleburne, and 
was noted as a most business-like and efficient officer. He 
had numerous stirring and trying experiences; among others 
was that of his capture with liis entire train in the rear of 
General J. E. Johnston's army by Kilpatrick's raiding expe- 
dition in the summer of 1864. He was in tlie hands of the 
Twenty-third Indiana Cavalry, held for twenty -four liours, 
and then suddenly released by the approach of Confederate 
cavalry. He was with the decimated army down to the end : 
was captured at Lincolnton, N. C, and with fourteen hundred 
others taken to Nashville and paroled there. After the sur- 
render he returned to Memphis, where he has ever since i)een 
in business, and is now (1896) a merchant on Front Row. 
He married Miss Mary Trask in 1867, and has grown chil- 
dren. He joined this Association many years ago. 



218 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

WATKINS, T. R., private in Company D, Sixth Tennes- 
see Infantry; enlisted May 18, 1861; was wounded at the 
battle of Perry ville and at Franklin ; was captured at Frank- 
lin on Hood's retreat from Tennessee; was in prison at Col- 
umbus, Ohio, and at Point Lookout, Md., until June 4, 1865, 
when he was paroled. Joined the C. H. A. June 30, 1892. 

WAYNESBURG, JOHN W., Company D, Harris' Zouave 
Cadets, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee Regiment ;^ 
entered service with the company at Memphis guarding the 
magazine the latter part of March, 1861 ; mustered into ser- 
vice April 26, 1861, at Randolph, Tenn., as orderly sergeant; 
was wounded first at the battle of Murfreesboro December 
31, 1862, at Missionary Ridge September 20, 1863, and at Re- 
saca, Ga., in May, 1864; participated in every battle of the 
Army of Tennessee, beginning with Belmont, Mo.; he was 
paroled at Greensboro, N. C, April 26, 1865, being one of 
only two of the company of ninety-two mustered in that was 
present at the surrender. He assisted in forming the Con- 
federate Relief and Historical Association in Memphis in 
1866 and was a member of Company A, Confederate Vete- 
rans. Died suddenly January 3, 1897, esteemed and respected 
in life and regretted in his passing away by his comrades and 
a large circle of friends. 

WEAR, B. H., enlisted July 12, 1861, as a private in Com- 
pany C, Twentieth Mississippi, and was afterward transferred 
to Company G, Grenada Rifles, Fifteenth Mississippi Regi- 
ment; was captured at Fort Donelson February 14, 1862, and 
wounded at Peachtree creek July 20, 1864 ; paroled at Greens- 
boro, N. C, May 5, 1865. Has since been connected with the 
printing business and press of Memphis, and for the past few 
years has been successfully running a newspaper in Virginia. 
Joined the Confederate Historical Association May 8, 1894. 

WEBBER, ALBERT, was drum-major of the Fifteenth 
Tennessee Regiment; consolidated with the Thirty-seventh 
Tennessee near Wartrace, Tenn., in 1863; enlisted April 23,. 
1861 ; was in the battles of Belmont, Shiloh, Perry ville, Mur- 
freesboro, Hoover's Gap, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge^ 



CONFEDEllATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. JlV 

Buzzard's Roost, and all the engagements from Dalton to 
Atlanta, and also at Jonesboro, where he was injured by \\\v 
explosion of a shell; was with Hood in his canipaiirn into 
Tennessee, and at the battles of Franklin, and in front of 
Nashville ; was never sick, or absent from his command except 
on furlough, when he became separated from the army in the 
last few months of the war; was paroled in April, 1865 ; set- 
tled and married in Fayette county, where he has been and is 
yet a successful merchant and farmer, and has reared a large 
family. Admitted to the Confederate Historical Association 
February 18, 1896. 

WEBB, JNO. L. ("Cap"), private in Hickory Rifles. One 
Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee ; enlisted April 28, 1861 ; 
paroled May, 1865. Admitted to the Confederate Historical 
Association February 12, 1895, 

WHEAT, Key. J. T., Chaplain at Forrest Hill, N. C.,1864; 
retired only at the end of the war; he was rector of a church 
in Memphis after the war. Proposed for membership in this 
Association by W. A. Goodman and General Patton Ander- 
son, and elected May 12, 1870. Died many years ago. 

WHITE, MOSES, was born in Knoxville and educated at 
the East Tennessee University; came to Memphis and [)rac- 
ticed law a few years; returned to Knoxville and joined Car- 
roll's Regiment as a private ; was elected lieutenant-colonel, 
and when Colonel Carroll was appointed brigadier-general he 
was promoted to full Colonel of the Thirty - seventh Tennes- 
see, and at Corinth was elected colonel without opposition. 
Colonel White reached Mill Springs, Ky., January 18, 1862, 
in time to share a part of the disaster of the battle of Fishing 
creek the next day. He was with his regiment in the battle 
of Perryville, and was several times in Kentucky and Ten- 
nessee, in command of the brigade when Hrigadier-lien- 
eral Johnston was in command of the division : was severely 
wounded in the battle of Murfreesboro, and in the summer of 
1863 the Fifteenth and Thirty-seventh Tennessee were consol- 
idated and Col. R. C. Tyler of the former was assiijned com- 
mand of both regiments. Colonel White was sent off on 



220 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



detached service at various points, and was in command at 
Eatonton, Ga. ; was captured by Sherman's army and sent 
l^orth in tlie hokl of a ship with many others, all badly fed, 
treated and crowded together. While being transferred from 
one prison to another, to be held as a hostage, he jumped 
from a train at night in Delaware, reached Baltimore after 
great hardships, worked his way through the lines, and re- 
ported to General Marcus J. Wright at Grenada, Miss., just 
before the surrender. After that he practiced law in Mem- 
phis. He joined the C. H. A. July 15, 1869, and made one of 
the orations at an annual reunion of ex-Confederates at Elm- 
wood Cemetery. He returned to Knoxville, and has lived 
there many years. 

WHITE, R. T., private in Company E, Seventh Tennessee; 
enlisted in May, 1861 ; after consolidation was known as the 
Fifth Confederate Regiment; was in the battles of Belmont, 
Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro and the various battles to 
Kennesaw mountain; paroled in May, 1865. Admitted to 
C. H. A. November 4, 1895. 

WHITE, J. H., enlisted in Company A, Thirty-second Mis- 
sissippi, in March, 1862; served in Lowry's Brigade, and was 
paroled at Corinth, Miss., at the end of the war. 

WHITMORE, E., was born September 25, 1833, in Fayette 
county, Tenn., and was in railroad service before the war as 
conductor; enlisted in Company A, Foute's Battalion of In- 
fantry, early in 1861, and served about one year; was sworn 
into Company L, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, in August, '62; 
served in the brigades of Generals Villepigue, W. II. Jackson, 
Chalmers, Rucker and Alexander Campbell, and was in raids 
under Van Dorn and Armstrong; was slightly wounded in 
the fight at Medon, and the next day his horse was shot three 
times under him, but was not killed ; was with his regiment 
directly under Forrest from November, 1863, until the end of 
the war, and was in all of its campaigns, except two months 
early in 1864, when he had pneumonia. The Seventh Ten- 
nessee was a great favorite with General Forrest, and there- 
fore saw a great deal of hard and perilous service. Comrade 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. -i'.n 

Whitniore was paroled at Gainesville, Ala.; IVoni tln-iv he 
rode to Brownsville, where he had married early in the war. 
Afterward he founded the Memphis Public Ledger, and was 
its proprietor for many years. lie Joined this Association in 
1895; became a member of Company A, and attende<l the 
late reunion at Richmond. 

WIGGS, W. B., Captain and Chief of Artillery on Gen- 
eral AI. J. Wright's staff; entered service May 15, 1861 : cap- 
tured at Jackson, Miss. ; paroled May 12, 18G5. Elected a 
member of this Association upon his own statement and ap- 
plication July 1, 1869. 

WILLIAMS, L. G., was born September 1, 1844, in De- 
soto county, near Hernando, Miss.; was mustered into the 
Confederate service at Jackson, Miss, (his home then), Xo- 
vember 4, 1861, as Second Sergeant Company A, Third Mis- 
sissippi Battalion, and surrendered at Greensboro, N. C, Ma}' 
1, 1^<65, as Captain of Company F, Eighth Battalion, Missis- 
sippi Infantry. After the battle of Shiloh the battalion be- 
came the Thirty-third Mississipi)i, then called Hardcastle's 
Mississippi Regiment for a short time, then properly num- 
bered the Forty-fifth, and was so known until the War De- 
partment ordered it to resume its old and first name, the Third 
Mississippi Battalion Infantry. Captain Williams was in the 
battles of Shiloh, Perryville, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, 
and Ringgold Gap; also Atlanta, Franklin and Nashville, 
besides a number of skirmishes almost equivalent to battles. 
He was wounded at Ringgold Gap in the head, at Golgotha 
and elsewhere. At the surrender the regiment was known 
as the Eighth Mississippi, having reorganized at Smithfield, 
N. C, where all that was left of the Third Battalion, the 
Thirty-second Mississippi, Fifth Mississippi and the Kighth 
Mississippi, were consolidated into one battalion and named, 
in honor of the Eighth Mississippi Regiment, the Eighth Mis- 
sissippi Battalion. Captain Williams had the skeletons of the 
Third Battalion and Thirty-second Mississippi in his com- 
pany (F), about 34 men, hardly a modern drill team. He 
joined the C. H. A. June 13, 1894, and became a menibrr of 
Company A, Confederate Veterans. 



232 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



WILLIAMS, CLAUDE, private Company E. First Ten- 
nessee Infantry ; enlisted April, 1861 ; was captured five tinnes 
iind escaped the last time from Camp Morton, Ind. ; was 
transferred to Henley's Alabama Legion in January, 1864; 
when he escaped the last time he got as far south as Ken- 
tucky. In Louisville heard of Sam Quantrell near Crab Or- 
chard Springs ; joined his command and was with it until the 
end of the war ; could never get out of Kentucky after the 
escape from Camp Morton. 

WILLIAMSON, R. C, born November 4, 1836, at Coving- 
ton. Tenn., and grew up in Tipton county; received a liberal 
education, and lived at Somerville ; enlisted in Company D, 
Sixth Tennessee Regiment, and was elected second lieutenant, 
with W. M. R. Johns as captain ; mustered into the service 
of Tennessee at Jackson, May 15, 1861. The regiment was 
mustered into Confederate service at Union City and pkiced 
under General Cheatham, in his first brigade. The command 
moved into Missouri ; thence to Columbus, Ky., and spent the 
winter of 1862 there. The company went into the battle of 
Shiloh eighty men strong; lost eight killed and eighteen 
wounded. Among the wounded was Captain Johns. Lieu- 
tenant Williamson took command of the company. May 15 
the company was reorganized and mustered into the service 
for the war. R. C. Williamson was elected captain, and his 
company and regiment participated in all or nearly all the 
great battles and skirmishing under Generals Bragg, John- 
ston and Hood, and finally surrendered with General John- 
ston at Bentonville, N. C. Dr. Watkins mentions in his un- 
published diary that one day shortly before the battle of Mis- 
sionary Ridge, when the regiment was on Lookout Mountain, 
('aptaiti Williamson, seeing some foragers down in the valley, 
took five men off duty, made a sudden attack upon a heavy 
detachment of infantry, drove them ofl:' and captured their 
wagons. The command spent the winter of 1863-64 at Dal- 
ton, and was in all the fighting from there to Atlanta and 
Jonesboro and lost many men. Captain Williamson was 
wounded at the latter place and was detailed to go into West 
Tennessee. He rejoined the command after Hood came out 



CONFEDERATE HISTOIUCAL ASSOCIATION. 



T>8 




.MAJ. K. ('. WlI,I,IAMS(iN. 



of Tennessee and in the last days of the Confederacy was 
promoted (see Lindsley's Annals) to the rank of major and 
was in command of a consolidated regiment, a mere skeleton 
of less than one hundred men, at the surrender at Greenshoro, 
N. C. After incredible hardships he and seven other men 
of the old company reached Memphis via East Tennessee, 
Nashville and the river. They rented one big room in the 
old Worsham Hou.se and remained until they could sec friends, 
secure a little money and change their old gray suits for citi- 
zens' clothes. Then they returned to Somerville — 8 men — 
all that was left of the original 104 of Company D. Major 
Williamson engaged in the practice of law, removed to .Mem- 
phis, married Miss Delia Talbot, of a prominent old family, 
soon after the war, and was prominent in Masonry and jnany 
affairs. He was a chivalric, high-toned man, devoted to fam- 
ily, friends and duty. He died January 23, 1880, leaving a 
wife, two sons and two daughters. Became a member ot' this 
Association July 15, 1869. 



224 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



WILLINS, JOHN T., born in Brooklyn, New York, July 
5, 1«41 ; came to Memphis in February, 1858, and entered the 
house of Orgili Bros. & Co. ; enlisted in the One Hundred and 
Fifty-fourth Tennessee Regiment April, 1861 ; served with the 
Army of Tennessee about two years, then transferred to the 
Trans-Mississippi Department and served as chief clerk witli 
Major John N. Norris, chief quartermaster under Major Gen- 
eral S. B. Maxey, commanding the district of the Indian Ter- 
ritory, with headquarters at Fort Towson, Cherokee Nation. 
Under an order issued by General E. Kirby Smith at Shreve- 
port, La., Angnst 9, 1^64, "Captain John T. Willing, A. Q. 
M. agent," was subsequently assigned to duty with Major 
Norris at Doaksville, Cherokee Nation, where he served until 
after the surrender; was paroled at Shreveport August 1, 
1865, by Brigadier General George L. Andrews, U. S. A.; 
returned to Memphis and resumed business the same month, 
and for more than twenty 3'ears was a managing partner. 
In 1868 he married Miss Lizzie 0. Nelson, daughter of Col- 
onel Thomas A. Nelson. They had seven children, two of 
them daughters, and all survived him He was one of the 
early members of the Confederate R. and H. A., a member 
and officer of Calvary Episco[tal Church, a devoted husband 
and father, a good neighbor and citizen, and in every sense a 
true man. He died on January '28, 1892, aged fifty years and 
six months. 

WILSON, T. E., born at Fort Smith, Ark., January 1, 
1850 ; was a private in McCulloch's Brigade, Trans-Missis- 
sippi Department ; went in the service at the age of 11 years 
and was with Ben McCuUoch when he was killed at Pea 
Ridge; afterward went to General Henry E. McCulloch and 
remained with him as a courier until the end of the war ; was 
never regularly enlisted on account of extreme youth, but 
served throughout the war. Admitted to this Association 
August 14, 1894. The following is a copy of an original letter 
he has in his possession : 

Corpus Christi, Texas, Jan. 14, 1891. 
Mr. Thos. E. Wilson, ex- Confederate Courier: 

Dear Sir — After your reference to your father's services 
with my chief quartermaster. Major W. G. King, I readily 



CONKEDERA'I'K 1I1ST()1{KAI, AS^^ULlATlU.N. 



00.1 




T. E. WILSON. 

call you to mind as the active courier and messenger boy sol- 
dier who served at my headquarters as such while I was in 
command at Bonham. Texas, durinor the latter portion of the 
Confederate war, iind that althouirh (»nly a hoy, I could and 
did always rely implicitly upon you in carrying out written 
orders ijromptlv or deliverino; verbal messaijes intelliiccntiv 
and faithfully ; and thus remembering, I congratulate you en 
living to become a man of family, and ask God's blessings 
upon you and every member thereof. 

Your friend, Henry E. McCulloch, 

Kx-Biigadier-General ('. S. A 

Mr. Wilson came to Memphis in 1873 and has been in bus- 
iness here since ; he was married to Miss Mollie Murray in 
Memphis in 1879, and they have a son and daugliter. 

WILROY, C. W., enlisted June, 1861, as a private in Com- 
pany D, Blythe's Mississippi ]'>attalion ; was transferred to the 
Forty-fourth Mississi[ipi and to Henderson's Scouts ; paroled 
May"lO, 1865. Joined C. II. A. June 13. 181U. 
15 



236 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

WILKERSON, W. D., enlisted May 28, 1861, as a private 
in Company A, Thirteenth Tennessee Infantry, and trans- 
ferred to Company D, Sixth Tennessee, that summer; fouo;ht 
through the war and was paroled at Greensboro, N. C, April 
28, 1865. Joined the C. H. A. June 13, 1894. 

WINCHESTER, GEO. W., son of Major-General James 
Winchester of the old regular army, and prominently identi- 
fied with the early history of Memphis ; served on the statf 
of General W. B. Bate during the war; practiced law after- 
ward here, and died several years ago. He became a mem- 
ber of this Association July 15, 1869. 

WINFREE, SAMUEL, enlisted April 4, 1861, as a private 
in the Fourth Tennessee Infantry ; served in Cheatham's 
Division; when the war ended was sergeant of engineers; 
surrendered with the army of General Jos. E. Johnston at 
Charlotte, N. C, in April, 1865. Joined this Association 
June 13, 1894. 

WINSTON, W. B., First Lieutenant Company C, Seventh 
Tennessee Cavalry; enlisted August 9, 1861, in Logwood's 
Battalion. In 1863 and part of '64 commanded General Chal- 
mers' escort, for which purpose Company C was detached; 
was wounded twice — at Harrisburg, Miss., July 14, 1864, and 
in front of Columbia, Tenn., November 25, 1864; was cap- 
tured at Lamar, Miss., in November, 1862, and released the 
following month. After the wound at Columbia, was dis- 
abled completely, the shot being through the head, and was 
not recovered from until six months after the war; paroled 
in May, 1865; has been for many years a leading physician 
of the city. Admitted to the C. H. A. April 9, 1895. 

WITHERS, R. Q.,born in Marshall county, Miss., Novem- 
ber 7, 1845; enlisted for twelve months in the Seventeenth 
Regiment, Mississippi Volunteers, in Ma}-, 1861, and in the 
Army of Northern Virginia until September, 1862; was dis- 
charged as under age ; enlisted again in the Third Mississippi 
Cavalry in February', 1863; promoted to second lieutenant 
in October or November, same year. This command was 
with Chalmers' Division of Cavalry much of the time; was 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 227 



on detached service at the end ; paroled at Grenada, Miss., in 
April or May, 1865. Joined the C. II. A. June 13, 1894. 

WOLF, FRED., born in Dieburg, Hesse Darmstadt, (iur- 
many, in 1835 ; came to New York city in 1851, and to Mem- 
phis in 1859; joined the Washington HiHos and was made 
second sergeant of the company, which became a part of the 
Fifteenth Tennessee; participated in the battle of Siiiloh ; 
after that was made quartermaster-sergeant; went through 
the campaign into Kentucky and back to Middle Tennessee. 
In the summer of 1863 the Fifteenth and Thirty-seventli 
Tennessee Regiments were consolidated near Hoover's Gap, 
and he went back to his company. Colonel R. C. Tyler had 
him appointed by the Secretary of War as A. Q. M., with the 
rank of captain, and he still has that commission (1896). He 
was at the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge; 
was in winter quarters at Dalton, and on tiie campaign from 
Dalton to Atlanta, having charge of all the ambulances of 
Bate's Division, acquitting himself with the highest credit 
under perilous and trying circumstances. At Tuscumbia, 
Ala., he was ordered to report to General Lawton in Rich- 
mond, who assigned him to General McCausland's Brigade, 
with which he served until the end. Captain Wolf was sur- 
rendered and paroled at Lynchburg, Va., one day after Gen- 
eral Lee's surrender at Appomattox. He rode to Bristol, 
East Tennessee, sold his horse and tine saddle for S50, and 
worked his way slowly through to Memphis. He became an 
active member of the old Confederate Relief and Historical 
Association at an early day, and has been a member of Com- 
pany A, Confederate Veterans, from its organization, and 
was with the company on its trips to Chattanooga, Richmond 
and elsewhere. 

WOOD, JOHN W., enlisted March 1, 18()1, in Company 
F, Twelfth Mississippi Regiment, Harris' lirigade ; was com- 
missioned as captain March 4, 1861, and served in the Army 
of Northern Virginia until the close of the war. 

WOODSON, H. M., enlisted March 10, 1862, at the age of 
17 years, while attending school in Mississippi, and was 
transferred to Company H, Thirteenth Tennessee Regiment. 



328 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

Vaughan's Brigade, about February or March, 1864; was in 
about twenty-seven battles, not to speak of the almost daily 
fighting from Dalton to Atlanta; after that was assigned to- 
lighter duty on account of his health. The only furlough he 
ever had was issued for sixty days by a surgeon at Columbus,. 
Ga., on the 13th of April, 1865, four days after Lee's sur- 
render; was paroled at Montgomery, Ala., May 10, 1865, and 
still has his parole, some railroad transportation and other 
cherished relics of that period. Returned to Germa'ntown, 
married there, but has lived in Memphis many years. Became 
a member of this Association about the year 1891. 

WOOLDRIDGE, OSCAR, enlisted in the Memphis Light 
Dnigoons, Company A, Seventh Tennessee, September 25, 
1862, just in time to take part in the furious attack at Davis' 
Bridge, Miss. He was in the battles of Corinth, October 4 
and 5, 1862, Ripley, Old Lamar, Oxford and Coffeeville, and 
took part in the capture of Holly Springs, December 20, 1862, 
and was in the engagements at Davis' Mills and Bolivar 
December 21 and 24, 1862. In the spring of 1863 the com- 
pany was engaged in the Vicksburg campaign ; from thence 
it went to Georgia and was actively engaged in front of Sher- 
man in the Atlanta campaign ; from Georgia it went to Mid- 
dle Tennessee with Hood, and the young soldier saw further 
severe fighting at Lawrenceburg, Campbellville, Kally Hill,. 
Hurt's X Roads, Mount Carniel, Spring Hill, Franklin, Mur- 
freesboro, Lynnville, Richland Creek, Anthony's Hill and 
Sugar creek, and in the engagements during the Wilson raid ; 
he surrendered with his company at Gainesville, Ala., May 
11, 1865. In all these trying days the young trooper bore 
himself as a hero. Cool, brave and determined, he was a 
very type of the Confederate veteran of that day ; clean of 
life, proud, generous to a fault, he was an ideal messmate, 
and as a soldier worthy the race from which he sprang. He 
quitted the camp without an enemy, and though long since 
gone to a better home, his memory lingers green in the hearts 
of those who knew and loved him best in time of war. He 
joined the Confederate R. and H. A. September 1, 1870, and 
died several years afterward. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION'. 229 



VVOOLDRIDGE, EGBERT, enlisted March, ]«(i2, in Com- 
pany L, Maynard Rifles, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Ten- 
nessee Reo^iment, for twelve months; was very young, a mere 
lad, and was under conscriptive age at tlie expiration of the 
time for which he was mustered into the service ; he was 
then entitled to and received an honorable discharge and 
enlisted in the cavalry, joining the Bluft" City Grays, Captain 
James Edmondson. His first captain, E. A. Cole, says of 
him : "If such a thing be possible, he was brave to a fault, 
always ready to meet the enemy and went into battle chci^-r- 
fnlly and with alacrity; in other words, he was a good soldier 
and never shirked his duty ; he was very companionable, with 
unexceptionable habits and noted for his extreme modesty. 
With credit and honor to himself he participated while in 
my command in the battles of Shiloh, Richmond, Ky., Per- 
ryville and Murfreesboro." After the surrender returned to 
Memphis, engaged in business and joined the C. R. and H. A. 
September 1, 1870 ; died several years ago. 

In this connection it may be added that Oscar and Egbert 
Woold ridge had a brother, Charles A. Wooldridge, who be- 
longed to the Hickory Rifles, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth 
Tennessee, a gallant soldier, who was killed, and fell into the 
arms of Captain Wynne Cannon at Feachtree creek, in front 
of Atlanta, July 20, 1864. 

Another brother, W. H. Wooldridge, still living and an 
active business man, was too young to go into the army, but 
not too young to render valuable services in supplying his 
brothers with horses and clothing for several years, and in 
supplying other soldiers with medicines, clothing, etc. Being 
ii mere boy he could run through the picket lines successfully 
and was really more useful than many who were at the front. 
C. P. Wooldridge, a cousin, belonged to the Hickory Rifles, 
and Alex. Wooldridge, another cousin, was a member of the 
Maynard Rifles, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee, 
making in all six young Wooldridges in the Confederate 
service. 

WRIGHT, JESSE C, Captain Company H, Seventeenth 
Mississippi Regiment, Army of Korth Virginia, enlisted May 



230 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

27, 1861 ; started out as corporal of Company H ; was cap- 
tured at Farraville, Va., April 6, 1865 ; released at the end of 
the war. Joined the C. H, A. October, 1894. 

WRIGHT, J. R., born in Norfolk, Va., December 25,1841 ; 
enlisted April 18, 1861, in Grandy's Battery, Norfolk Blues, 
as a private ; was made a sergeant soon after (his only pro- 
motion) ; was stationed at Sewell's Point, Va., and took part 
in the famous fight in Hampton Roads between the Merrimac 
and Monitor; at the evacuation of Norfolk joined the Army 
of North Virginia and followed Lee in all his campaigns; 
was at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Spottsville, Gettys- 
burg, and from the Wilderness to Petersburg, where he was 
captured April 2, 1865 ; sent to Point Lookout, Md. ; released 
June 23, 1865, and returned to Norfolk ; came to Memphis in 
1868, where he still resides ; joined the C. H. A. June 13, 
1894, and became a member of Company A, Confederate 
Veterans ; attended with it the reunion at Richmond, Va., 
where he met many old comrades and friends after long years 
of separation. 

WRIGHT, LUKE E., enlisted June 4, 1861, in Company 
G, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee Senior Regi- 
ment ; became second lieutenant of artillery attached to the 
division commanded by Generals Breckinridge and Bate; 
was in the principal engagements of the West under Bragg, 
Johnston and Hood ; was wounded at the battle of Jonesboro, 
Ga. ; after the war was admitted to the bar; married a daugh- 
ter of Admiral Semmes, who was an early president of the 
Ladies' Confederate Memorial Association ; was elected Attor- 
ney-General of the Criminal Court of Shelby county and served 
eight years. Is recognized as one of the leading lawyers of 
Memphis and of the State. 

WRIGHT, MARCUS J., born in McNairy county, Tenn. ; 
practiced law in Memphis; was elected lieutenant-colonel of 
the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Senior Tennessee Regi- 
ment April 4, 1861 ; commanded his regiment in the battles 
of Belmont and Shiloh, and served with the rank of lieuten- 
ant-colonel on the staff of Major-General B. F. Cheatham 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. -JHl 



at the battle of Perryville ; cimiinissioiK'd Iji-iiradicr-t^a'iit'ral 
December 13, 1862; assigned to the coniniaud of IlaiiHon's 
Kentucky Brigade January 10, 18()3, and relinciuishod this to 
take command of Donelson's splendid brigade, which he led 
in the battles of Ciiickamauga and Missionary Kidge ; was 
twice wounded ; afterward commanded the district and post 
at Atlanta and post at Macon, Ga. He was assigned to the 
command of the district of North Mississippi and West Ten- 
nessee, with headquarters at Grenada, Miss., February 3, 1865, 
and remained there until the surrender. After tliat he was 
connected with the press of Memphis and St. Louis. On tlie 
1st of July, 1878, he was appointed by the Secretary of War 
to collect and prepare for publication by the government such 
records of the South relating to the war as might be avail- 
able, and his services have been continued ever since. lie 
has contributed much to secure a fair and impartial history 
of the civil war. General Wright comes of the best pioneer 
and Revolutionary ancestors and exhibits their sterling quali- 
ties and brilliant gifts. He has been married twice and has a 
happy family and home in Washington, and still claims his 
citizenship in Memphis. Joined the C.R.&H. A. July 15, 18»ili. 

WYNNE, J. W., enlisted in Company B, Third Texas 
Cavalry, May, 1861 ; was commissioned as captain in May, 
1862; served in General Ross' command; discharged May. 
1865. Joined the C. H. A. in March, 1801. 

YOUNG, A. A., born January 5, 1847, in Shelby c-(.nnty. 
Tenn. ; enlisted October 1, 1863, in Com})any G, Third Mi>- 
sissippi Cavalry ; served in Forrest's command and was paroled 
May 18, 1865, at Gainesville, Ala. Admitted to the C. H. A. 
December 11, 1894. 

YOUNG, J. P., enlisted in Company A, Seventh Teniu->see 
Cavalry, November 10, 1864, at Florence, Ala.; served in 
Rucker'sand Chalmers' Brigades ; was tirst for several months 
at Hardee's and Cheatham's headquarters and then with Com- 
pany A, Fourth Tennessee Infantry, Strahl's P>rigade, but 
being under age was never sworn into the infantry and was 
first regularly enlisted with the Seventii Tennessee Cavalry, 



232 



SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



and was with Forrest's command during the march into and 
in covering the retreat of Hood's army out of Tennessee, and 
surrendered with it at Gainesville, Ala., May 11, 1865 ; at 
the beginning of the war was an invalid ; as soon as able was 
engaged for a year or more in supplying the boys in camp 
with horses, equipments, clothing, etc.,cuttingtelegraph wires, 
and such general Confederate deviltry as a boy could do. 
After the war he read law and was admitted to the bar; was 
connected with the Memphis Avalanche as city editor at one 
time ; wrote and published a valuable book, " The History 
of the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry" ; admitted to this Associa- 
tion in 1884 and elected secretary in 1894, and has since served 
as such; was elected a justice of the peace in 1888 and has 
since been a prominent member of the County Court of Shelby. 



NAMES WITHOUT SKETCHES. 



The following are names of members appearing upon the 
books of the Association, mostly in early times, without rec- 
ord as to services. Some of them have died, others moved 
away, and still others are here yet, but were not reached by 
the writer and compiler of this book. Being on the rolls at 
all, is 'prima- facie evidence that they were all good soldiers 
and regularly admitted : 



Adams, T. P. 
Auman, W. C. 
Baker, P. J. 
Barth, Wm. G. 
Bateman, Dr. R. P. 
Bate, James H. 
Bell, D. 
Beatty, H. K. 
Belcher, E. L. dead 
Bridges, J. C. 
Brown, Gen. W.M. 
Brown, E. H. 
Bulkley, Maj. dead 
Burnell, H. D. 
Cannon, W. G. 



Callahan, Daniel 
Charles, Jas. L. 
Chisman, John li. 
Collier, R. A. 
Collier, W. A. 
Cook, John C. 
Colby, E. E. 
Conner, James 
Cox, James O. 
Cressman, W. 
Curtis, H. R. 
Darden, Thos. 
Davidson, Thos. 
Davis, Com. I. N. 
Dailey, E. H. 



Dickenson, B. F. 
Duncan, R. P. 
Edmondson, J. H. 
Estes, Thos. H. 
Ewell, Gen. R. T. 
Farris, James B. 
Farrow, Chas. S. 
Gammon, S. R. 
Garvey, Thos. 
Galloway, T. S. 
Gibson, John R. 
Greene, Gen. Colton 
Hamblett, J. G. 
Hampton, S. W. 
Harper, W. F. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



2*1 



Hatcher, John S. 
Heath, J. W. 
Hill, J. L. 
Holender, Ben. 
Hoy, K. E. 
Humes, A. R. 



McCulloeh, Alex. 
McGhee, J. P. 
McHugh, J. A. 
McKinncy, W. 13. 
Miller, J. H. 
Miiisreu, O. T. 



Pain, G. N. 
Parker, S. B. 
Randle, J. D. 
PettioTew, J. M. 
Pickett, W. D. 
Pointer, Wm. B. 



Hutchinson, R. B. Moode, Henry 

Hynian, Jas. H. Moores, J. W. 

Johnston, A. H. 

Johnson, T. N. 

Jones, W. E. 

Jordan, R. D. 

Kealhofer, 0. W. 

Kean, Robert P. 

Keefe, J. M. 

Ijawrence. J. B. 

Lawler, John T. 

Lamb, Lawrence 

Lake, L. S. 

Lewis, J ere 

Logan, Marcellus 

Lockey, W. B. 

Matthews, S. W. 

Martin, W. P. 

Mason, R. M. 

Maury, A. J. 



Sherman, \'ict(tr 

Sheeler, Bavid 

Simmons, \V. F. 

Smith, C. V. 

Smitli, W. E. 

Smith, \V. Spot. 

Smith, Gen. J. A. 

Stanley, T. L. 
Murtaugh, Jno. D. Styles, M. 
Nuttall, Br. J. H. Somerville, John 



Tharpe,Cai)t.l\ II 
Thomas, C. M. P.. 
Titus, John F. 
Turnbull, P^'ank 
Vance, John 
Vance, T. W. 



Poindexter, VV. B. Ward, S. L. 



Powell, J. R. 

Powers, P. S. 

Rand, E. G. 

Rhett, T. M. S. 

Richmond, B. 

Rives, L. O. 

Robins, Thos. D. 

Robertson, F. W. 

Rogers, W. S. 
Marye, Lawrence S. Safford, W. B. 
Malone, R. C. Severson, Maj. C. 8. 

McClung, W. P. Sengstack, C. P. 



Wenn, W. H. 
Wheaton, Wm. H. 
Wheeler, W. 
White, B. F. 
Wicks, Col. M.J. 
Wilton, H. C. 
Winchester, B. 
Wilson, T. T. 
Williamson, W. P.. 
Wright, W. II. 



NOTE. — The foregoing lists and sketches embrace nearly all the names of 
those who have at any time belonged to the Confederate Historical Association 
from 1809 down to the end of 189(). A few, overlooked or prepared too late for 
•classification, appear in the following pages, together with names and sketches 
■of some well-known Confederates who never joined the Association. It is 
proper to say here, that while the conditions of membership were not laid down 
rigidly under the first charter, very strict regulations were prescribed under the 
new charter of 1884, which have been enforced ever since. All application 
papers have to be made out in regular form and referred to a committee for 
investigation and report a month later. Hence the present membership easily 
comes within the requirements of the United Confederate Veterans, with which 
this Association became identified several years ago. In going over records 
•covering a period of nearly thirty years, and adding facts derived from other 
sources, it is to be expected that some omissions and minor errors would appear. 
These, if found, it is hoped will not mar the harmony or detract from the value 
•of a book intended as a compilation of personal and historic data, to be pre- 
served by ex-Confederates and their descendants and friends. 



234 SKETCHES OF SOLDIEES 

BALCH, ROBERT LAKGDON, born in Virginia ; he was 
a son of Rev. Thomas Bloomer Balch, who married a first 
cousin of General Robert E. Lee, and was a grandson of Rev. 
Stephen Bloomer Balch of Georgetown, D. C, who was a 
captain in the Revolutionary war in Georgia, though a native 
of Maryland. R. L. Balch lived in Memphis before the war, 
and was a man of means; enlisted as a private in Forrest's 
old regiment; w^as elected major just before the battle of 
Shiloh, and served until September, 1862, when Lieutenant- 
Colonel D. C. Kelley resigned and was succeeded by Major 
Balch. Major Rambaut, of General Forrest's staff, just before 
he died, spoke of Colonel Balch in the highest terms as a 
soldier and gentleman. In 1863 he was wounded in Middle 
Tennessee, lost health and spirits, was granted a leave of 
absence indefinitely, and dropped out of the service, as far as 
activity was concerned. After the war he was assassinated 
on his plantation, a few miles west of Memphis, in Critten- 
den county. Ark., when he was perhaps little over 40 years 
old. He never married. 

BARNES, ROBERT WEAKLEY, oldest son of Bartley 
Marshall Barnes (major State militia) ; was born near Nash- 
ville, Tenn., August 4, 1832 ; enlisted with his father and two 
brothers in Munroe's Arkansas Cavalry in June, 1861. In 
July, 1863, was made captain of Company A, Munroe's Regi- 
ment ; was in all the battles in which his regiment engaged — 
Helena, Poison Springs, Saline, through Price's last raid in 
Missouri, and was captured before Kansas City. He walked,, 
with other prisoners, to St. Louis ; was confined in Gratiot 
street prison ; then sent to Johnson's Island ; was released on 
June 16, 1865. On September 3, 1865, he was married to 
Miss Mary Jane Brownfield, at Van Buren, Ark. ; removed 
to Memphis, Tenn., and engaged in the cotton business. He 
w^as the father of ten children, two of whom were twins. In 
the epidemic of 1878 he lost one son, Frank Bartley Barnes. 
He died January 20, 1885, leaving a wife and nine children. 

BEARD, Hon. W. D., born in Wilson county, Tenn. ; in 
May, 1862, he joined the Confederate army and was assigned 
to duty on the staff of General A. P. Stewart as brigade- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 285 

quartermaster; was in the Kentucky caiupai<^Mi niidcr I)ra<rir. 
At the battle of MurtVeesboro, although not riMjnirod to In- 
with the troops, he performed field duty for General Stewart 
during the entire day. Colonel W. B. Ross of General Stew- 
art's staff received his death wound at Major Beard's side, 
and was assisted to the ambulance by him. In the latter part 
of the summer of 1863 he was transferred to the Trans-Mis- 
sissippi Department and reported to General Joe Shelby, who 
directed him to report to Colonel S. B. Jackman, then organ- 
izing a brigade. He was assigned to duty as assistant adju- 
tant-general to Colonel Jackman, and did active work in this 
capacity both in Arkansas and Missouri. lie was with the 
command of General Price in his move into Missouri in 18ti4. 
In the battle of Westport he was severely wounded in his 
thigh, and carries with him to this day the ball. \\v was 
brought out of Missouri in a wagon on the retreat of the 
army. In the spring of 1865, being still unfit for service, he 
w^as assigned to duty by General Kirby Smith, first at lions- 
ton and then at Huntsville, Texas, in charge of clothing, 
camp and garrison equipments. In June. 1865, was parole<l 
at Galveston, Texas; from there went to St. Louis, and tlim 
returned to Memphis, practiced his profession and attained 
high rank at the bar. Several years ago he was elected Chan- 
cellor of the Chancery Court of Shelby county, Tenn., and 
has been recently elected to the Supreme bench of Tennessee, 
and is now one of the Justices of that court. Judge Beard 
had several brothers in the Confederate army. One was Cap- 
tain James H. Beard, mentioned on page 180, Serial 51, War 
Records, by Colonel J. A. Smith, Third and Fifth Coiilcd- 
erate Regiments, as beins: '-the best and bravest soldier I 
ever saw\" Judge Beard marrii'd a few years after the war. 
and has two grown sons, one of whom is Clerk and Ma-tcr 
of the First Chancery Court ol' Shelby county. 

BETHEL, W. D., born in St. Mary's parish. La.. February 
2, 1840; in 1860 married a daughter of Jerome B. Tillow (.f 
Maury county, Tenn. : he joined the Confederate army and 
served on the staff of General Gideon J. I'illow ; lived in 
Memphis several years and reared an interesting family : was 



236 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

elected and served as President of the Taxing District ; now 
lives (1896j in Denver, Col. 

BRENT, JAMES, a well-known newspaper worker and 
printer of Memphis for twenty years past; was born in Mary- 
land, grew up in Mississippi, and entered the service in 1861 
from Vicksburg in J. C. Kline's company of cavalry, which 
became General Hardee's escort. After Shiloh he was one 
of 100 men detailed from General Wirt Adams' command to 
make a raid into Middle Tennessee under Captain (afterward 
General) John H. Morgan. He was in continuous service 
througli the war, except when disabled by wounds, and was 
in many engagements under Forrest and other cavalry lead- 
ers. One instance of his bravery will illustrate many others: 
At the crossing of Estanaula river, near Calhoun, Ga., in 
1864, when McPherson's corps flanked southward on Sher- 
man's right, Jos. E. Johnston resisted the movement to allow 
his forces to retreat, and the battle of Resaca resulted. A 
four-gun battery under Lieutenant Beauregard — a son of the 
renowned general of the same name — fought a heavy column 
of the attacking force at close quarters, until every horse of 
the battery, and nearly all of the men, had fallen. Lieuten- 
ant Beauregard undertook to save his guns by drawing them 
ofl^' by hand, but his surviving force was too small and vol- 
unteers were called for. Mr. Brent, with others of Hardee's 
escort, moved to the work, and after hard labor pulled three 
guns of the battery across the bridge spanning the Estanaula, 
the other cannon being lost. As the pieces rescued were 
dragged to the south side of the river cheers went up from 
those who witnessed the incident. General Beauregard, a 
looker-on, ran up and gathered his son in close embrace as 
the lad — barely 20 years of age — crossed over to the south 
side, tears dropping from his eyes at the loss of one of his 
guns. General Johnston was an eye-witness of this act of 
heroism, and in general orders complimented Hardee's men 
for the gallant deed. 

BREWER, A. CLARKE, born in Henry county, Va., in 
1843, and came with his father to Chattanooga in 1856 ; was 
at college on Lookout Mountain ; enlisted in a company raised 



CONFEDERATE IIIS'IOKICAL AS^iSUt'IATIU.N. 



by Frank W. Walker; the company went with the rcirnn.'nl 
to Cumberland Gap and saw service around there; was in tla- 
battle of Fishing creek January 19, 1862, and was in the 
battle of Shiloh, where the Nineteenth Tennessee took jijut 
in the capture of Prentiss' Division and puslied on toward the 
river, and Mr. Brewer believes that but for the order to halt, 
the Federal army would have been driven into the rivur or 
captured ; he was wounded in tlie second day's tight at Shiloli. 
He was in the battle of Baton Rouge; fouj^ht under \':iii 
Dorn at Corinth, under Loring at Baker's creek, and in the 
various engagements around Jackson. Miss. ; was captured 
near Vicksburg while on a scout in the latter part of 1864, 
and was a prisoner at the time of the surrender; came to 
Memphis and engaged afterward in planting down tht' river, 
but is again a citizen of Memphis. 

CAPERS, R. S., was at college at Clinton, Miss., when the 
war began ; came to Memphis and at the age of 14 years 
joined Forrest's old regiment under Captain Fred Rogers, 
went all through the war, and was in nearly all of Forrest's 
fights; was wounded seriously in the slioulder at Shiloh mid 
disabled for four months ; was also wounded at West Point 
and Tishomingo creek and at the battle of Franklin. He wns 
captured thirty miles east of Memphis by Steger's command 
on a raid, but released on account of his youtiiful appearance. 
Another time when lie came into Memphis to get a horse he 
was picked up on the streets and thrown into the Irving 
Block prison, and was released at the end of tweiity-toiir 
hours through the influence of Mr. J. E. Merriman, a kind- 
hearted and very influential Union man; at the close of the 
war he was paroled at Gainesville, Ala. Returning to Memphis 
May 27th he went to work the next day in the oflice of Mr. 
Alston, chancery court clerk, and remained in public service 
in the courthouse for thirty years. Eight years of that time 
he was Clerk of the Criminal Court and at last declined to run 
for re-election. 

CARY, HITNSDON, born in Marshall county, Mi>>.. in 
1842; came to Memphis in infancy: reared here ; was teller 
in the Gayoso Savings Institution in May, 1861 ; eidisted in 



-238 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

Captain John F. Cameron's compan}', Young Guards ; attached 
to Hindman's Legion, Hardee's Brigade ; Cary was made 
orderly sergeant of the company in the fall of 1861. The 
Young Guards became part of the First Arkansas Battalion, 
commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel John S. Marmaduke ; this 
was tilled out and became a full regiment in October and 
November, 1861, and was called the Third Confederate Regi- 
ment. Early in December, 1861, Cary was promoted to be 
junior second lieutenant, and assigned to duty with Captain 
Thomas Newton's company; was engaged in the fight at 
Woodsonville, Ky., December 17, 1861, acting as adjutant of 
the regiment on that occasion. In this fight the noted Colonel 
Terry, of Terry's Texas Rangers, was killed. Cary was with 
the command on its retreat from Bowling Green to Nashville, 
thence to Corinth, Miss., and was in the battle of Shiloh; was 
badly wounded, and was in feeble health for several years 
after, from eifects of wound and chronic rheumatism ; was 
honorably discharged in fall of 1862, and saw no more active 
service. After the close of the war was for a good many years 
a notary public and United States commissioner; read law, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1885; was chosen cashier of 
the German Bank in 1895, and is still occupying that position. 

CARROLL, W. H., the grandson of Governor Carroll and 
the son of General W. H.Carroll, was born in Panola county, 
Miss., in 1842; he went to school in Memphis to that cele- 
brated educator, W. H. Whitehorne ; he also attended the 
Western Military Institute at Nashville. In 1861 he enlisted 
with his father, went with him to Knoxville and drilled a 
regiment which his father raised there, the Thirty-seventh 
Tennessee; came Avith the regiment to Germantown ; was in 
camp some time ; then back to Chattanooga and Knoxville ; 
crossed the mountains to Mill Springs, Ky., in midwinter and 
received his baptism of fire and blood at the battle of Fishing 
creek January 19, 1862, where the youth quite distinguished 
himself by riding up and down the lines and trying to encour- 
age the men to rally on the field. When General Chalmers 
took command of North Mississippi, in 1863, W. H. Carroll 
reported to him and was assigned to duty as acting assistant 



CONFEDEitATK 1I1S'1()1{1( A I, ASS( M 1 AlloN. ■,>;«( 



adjutant-general, which position he held for some time and 
until the arrival of Captain W. A. Gardner, the assistant adju- 
tant-general. After this \V. II. Carroll was elected captain 
of Company C, Eighteenth Mississippi Hattalion, under Col- 
onel Alex. H. Cheatham, and his company was detailed for 
escort duty with General Chalmers, and he continued in this 
position until near the close of the war, when his health was 
so much impaired that his life was despaired of and he was 
discharged and went to Canada. After the war he hecamc a 
lawyer in Memphis, Tenn., where he soon took a good })Osition 
and now stands in the front rank of the distinguished men 
who compose the bar ot Memphis. As a politician he is widely 
known throughout the State, although he has never held or 
sought an}' political office. 

CASH, PATRICK BOGGAN, son of Colonel Benjamin 
and Mrs. Mildred Spottswood Cash; born in Hardeman and 
reared in Shelby county, Tenn. ; named after his great-grand- 
father, Captain Patrick Boggan, of Revolutiomiry fame in 
North Carolina, and came of patriotic ancestors on all sides. 
Attended Rafter's military school iiearGermantown, and when 
about 18 years old enlisted as a })rivate in Company C, the 
Secession Guards, Thirteenth Tennessee Regiment, organized 
at Jackson, Tenn., and mustered into State service June 3, 
1861. The regiment joined the " river brigade," commanded 
by Brigadier-General John L. T. Sneed, at Randolph, Tenn., 
July 25; went to New Madrid, Mo., and was mustered into 
the Confederate service ; John V. Wright was colonel and A. 
J. Vaughan lieutenant-colonel. The regiment took a con- 
spicuous part in the battle of Belmont and lost in killed and 
wounded 149 men out of 400. During the thick of the tight 
Boggan Cash, when at close (juarters, wounded a Federal 
officer who refused to surrender to such a stripling and made 
the mistake of tantalizing his would-be eajitor on his boyish 
appearance. Appalled at what he had done the boy tried to 
stanch the blood of his expiring foeman and wept as he faileil. 
The officer's sword was sent back to young Cash's mother 
and with it a note from Colonel Wright, saying : " Y^u are 
the mother of a hero." The incident illustrates tiie horrors of 



240 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

war that come so often unexpectedly and in quick succession. 
Patrick Boggan Cash was only at home once after that, 
when he returned for a day to be at the funeral of his younger 
brother, Benjamin. He was at the battle of Shiloh ; went 
with his regiment into Kentucky ; was in the battle of Rich- 
mond and at the battle of Perryville, though the regiment 
was not engaged, and was seen last late in the afternoon of 
December 31, 1862, at the battle of Murfreesboro. His fate 
was not known for many years. He was reported as missing 
and it was supposed that he might have been taken prisoner. 
Inquiries were made and a man was sent b}' the famil}" all 
over the North to points where Confederates had been impris- 
oned, but in vain. Only a few years ago General Vaughan 
learned from one of his old soldiers in Texas that Boggan 
Cash was killed in the advance of his regiment near dark on 
December 31, 1862, and thus was solved a long pending and 
sad mystery. The youth sleeps among the unknown dead on 
the field or in the Confederate cemetery at Murfreesboro. 

COCHRAN, J. W., was born in Abingdon, Va. ; came to 
Memphis before the war; lett Memphis in 1861 in Ca[»tain 
McDonald's sixty-day company ; served out his time with 
said company ; returned to Memphis; joined Captain Cole's 
company, which afterward was attached to the One Hundred 
and Fifty-fourth Senior Tennessee Regiment, just before the 
battle of Shiloli ; remained with it tor some three years ; was 
in all the engagements that it was in during that time ; was 
detailed on General Preston Smith's statf at Shelbyville,Tenn.. 
and was with him when he and two of his statl'were killed at 
Chickamauga; afterward was ordered to report to General 
Joseph Wheeler at Dalton, Ga., for staft" duty, with rank of 
captain, and remained with him to the close of the war ; served 
four years and three months ; never had a furlough ; never 
was sick, badly wounded or in a hospital. Paroled at Gaines- 
ville, Ala., May, 1865. 

COLEMAN, ROBERT H., was elected corporal in tlie 
organization of the Cuba Guards, and made a brave soldier 
throughout the entire war; was twice wounded at the l)attle 
of Chickamauga in a charge on a l)attery ; he was knocked 



CONFEDERATE HISTOIUCAL ASSOCIATION. jli 



down by a piece of shell stnkiuii: him on tlie left slioiilder, 
but soon risiiio;, contimied in the charije, when he was again 
stricken down by a ball i)iercing' his rii^ht shoulder and lodir- 
ing in his luno;. After recovering partly from his wounds he 
continued with his command until captured at Atlanta in 
1864. Just before the regiment was captured Captain Beard, 
Ashner Stoval an.d K. H. Coleman, being sei)arated from the 
regiment by the dense undergrowth through wiiicli tliey were 
passing, came suddenly into the road where General iMcPher- 
son and his staff were making a reconnoissance. Captain 
Beard called on Corporal Coleman to lire on General \lc- 
Pherson, as he was the only one that had a loaded gun. At 
the report of the gun the distinguished officer fell from his 
horse a corpse. He was dead by the time he reached the 
ground. Coleman and a number of others were shortly after- 
ward taken prisoners, and on his way to a Northern prison 
he arrived at Utica, N. Y., on the same day that the remains 
of General McPherson reached there. Mr. Coleman was not 
known then and there as the man who fired the fatal sliot. 
He remained in prison several months. He luis told the 
writer that he always regretted this shot, tired on the impulse 
of the moment. He was as modest and unassuming as he 
was true and brave. He finally died near Los Angeles, Cal., 
from the effects of the wound received at Chiekamauga, the 
ball remaining in his right lung until the end. 

COLEMAN, W. M., enlisted in the Cuba Guards of Cuba, 
Shelby county, Tenn. The company was organized, seventy- 
eight strong, March 1, 1801, by the election of the following 
officers: Dr. Ed. Irby, Captain ; W. M. Coleman, First Lieu- 
tenant; Dr. W. 1). Lewis, Second Lieutenant; E. II. Kite, 
Third Lieutenant; mustered into State service, ordered to 
Union City May 15, 1861, and organized with the Twenty- 
first Tennessee Kegiment, with Ed. Pickett as Colonel, Hiram 
Tillman as Lieutenant-Colonel and J. C. Cole as Major. Sep- 
tember 15th the regiment was ordered to Columbus, Ky.,and 
on November 7th went into the fight at Belmont, Mo., 800 
strong- and came out with a loss of 128 killed, wounded and 
missing. It was ever afterward called " the bloody Twenty- 
16 



242 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

first." Company A, Cuba Guards, had its captain, first lieu- 
tenant (W. M. Coleman) and three privates badly wounded. 
After the evacuation of Corinth, Miss., the Twenty-first be- 
came a part of the famous Fifth Confederate, which was 
nearly all captured at Atlanta, Ga., in 1864. Lieutenant 
Coleman bears the scars of war, but is still an active and suc- 
cessful farmer in his old neighborhood. 

COLLIER, CHARLES H., born and reared near Fortress 
Monroe, on the Chesapeake Bay, and educated at a military 
school in Virginia. At sixteen he commenced his preparation 
for the engineer corps, U. S. Navy. Before this was com- 
pleted the war broke out and he was appointed to the Con- 
federate Navy; reported to Commodore M. F. Maury, under 
whom he served. He was promoted to second assistant 
engineer and assigned to the Stono, Lieutenant Commander 
Rochele. The Stono was wrecked ofl" Charleston breakwater, 
attempting to run the blockade. Mr. Collier was assigned to 
the fiagship Charleston under Flag Ofiicer John R. Tucker; 
he saw much service ; had orders to join the Florida; went to 
Bermuda and had the yellow fever ; Avas afterward ordered 
to report to tiie Stonewall, then recently completed in France, 
but too late ; after the surrender he began teaching; came to 
Memphis ; was principal of high schools, and for twelve years 
was superintendent of city public schools, and is now prin- 
cipal of a high school at Whitehaven, eight miles south of 
Memphis. 

COOPER, LUNSFORD PITTS, born in Rutherford county, 
Tenn., January 8, 1830; his father, Micajah Thomas Cooper, 
was born in Salisbury, N. C, December 31, 1806, and his 
grandfather, a native of Maryland, served in the Revolutionary 
war and afterward removed to Rowan county, N. C, where 
he married the daughter of Captain William Hollis, of the 
Revolutionary war ; his mother was a Vincent. This indi- 
cates the strain of blood from which L. P. Cooper came. He 
was reared in Bedford county; graduated in 1852; became 
principal of an academy first in Williamson and then in Bed- 
ford county ; attended Lebanon law school one term ; was mar- 



CONFEDERATE IIISTUUK'AL A.S.SUCIATloN. 



'US 




jriKiE L. p. COOPEK. 



vied to Pauline Henderson Scales in Davidson county January 
24, 1854 ; removed to Panola county, Miss., 1856 ; eni^agod in 
planting there on a large scale, and when tlic war hciraii was 
rapidly becoming rich ; he had more than one hundred itales 
of cotton burned, his stock was destroyed, his titty negi-oes 
set free, and at the close of the war he had to start life over. 
He enlisted as a private in Ca[>tain Meek's company. Forty- 
second Mississippi Regiment; went to Virginia and after 
arriving at Richmond was made quartermaster with the rank 
of captain ; served with this regiment until late in tiie war, 
when he became brigade quartermaster : he was in tiie field 
Avith his command all the time, except about si.xty <lays. in 
1863, when he returned home to attend his wife's funeral ; 
when the end came he was soon after admitted to the bar, 
^nd was elected a delegate to the State Constitutional Con- 
vention, composed of the ablest men of the State, and the 



244 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

Constitution was so amended as to recognize the new order 
of things. After this Captain Cooper entered upon a large 
and hicrative \siw practice. In 1875 he removed from Panola 
to Memphis and formed a partnership with the late Hon. 
Henry Craft; in 1894 he w^as appointed Criminal Judge of 
Shelby county, and in the August following was elected for 
the full term of eight years, from September, 1894 ; and thus 
a prominent lawyer, good and popular judge, was developed 
from an old-time Southern gentleman and planter. He was 
married to his second wife. Miss Cornelia Battle, at the resi- 
dence of her sister, Mrs. Turley, in Memphis, December 10, 
1868. 

COUSINS, PETER R., born in Nottoway county, Va. ; 
went in the army from Memphis, in the Southern Guards ; 
at Columbus, Ky., the company was detached from the One 
Hundred and Fifty-fourth Regiment and assigned to the heavy 
artillery ; took part in most of the engagements on the Mis- 
sissippi river from the battle of Belmont to the siege and fall 
of Vicksburg ; was made first lieutenant of artillery, and after 
the fall of Vicksburg (the army being paroled) was in parole 
camp at Marietta, Ga. ; was sent to Richmond, Va., to have 
the command exchanged, and then ordered to Mobile, Ala., 
and assigned to duty at Fort Morgan, in Mobile Bay, which^ 
after a long siege by navy and land forces, surrendered ; \va& 
prisoner at Port Lafayette and Fort Warren until General 
Lee surrendered ; has since lived in Memphis and been in 
business here. 

CRAWFORD, WEST J., born in Mississippi; reared in 
Vicksburg; attended Madison College in Mississippi, and the 
Western Military Institute at Nashville, Tenn. ; enlisted at 
Memphis in Company A, Shelby Grays, Fourth Tennessee, 
and was in the principal battles in which the Army of Ten- 
nessee participated ; was in Kentucky on the Georgia cam- 
paign, and under General Hood back into Tennessee, and was 
paroled by General E. R. S. Canby at Meridian, Miss., May 
22, 1865 ; never was wounded seriously or captured, and rarely 
missed a battle or skirmish in which his regiment took part ; 
after the surrender returned to Memphis, engaged in business 



CONFEDERATE 1II8T0U1CAL ASSOCIATION. 245 



and became a member of a leading; Hrm, as he is yet ; lias been 
president of the Memphis Cotton Excliange ; held various 
important positions in the business community, and has Ix-en 
lor some years past president of the Commercial Publisiiinir 
Company, and is a director in several financial institutions. 
He was married in November, 1874, to Miss Anna L. Thomp- 
son, a niece of the Hon. Jacob Thompson, and they iiave 
three children, Erasmus, Kate and Marianne. 

CROFFORD, JOHN ALEXANDER, enlisted at the age 
of 16 in Company D, McDonald's Battalion, or Forrest's 
-old regiment ; was in the battle of Chickamauga ; with Gen- 
eral James Wheeler in East Tennessee, and around Grant's 
army, immediately after Chickamauga ; transferred witii Gen- 
eral Forrest to the Department of Mississippi ; was with Gen- 
eral Forrest in all his campaigns and battles till close of the 
war, except time absent from wound and sickness ; wounded 
at Columbia in October, 1864; captured a Federal flag in a 
charge near Okolona, Miss., on February 22, 1864. In the 
battle in which Colonel Jeft'. Forrest was killed. Company 1) 
acted as escort for Colonel Forrest, he at the time command- 
ing brigade ; surrendered and paroled with the regiment at 
Gainesville, Ala., May 11, 1865. He is a member of the C. II. 
A. and of Company A, Confederate Veterans. (See }>. 72). 

DAVIS, W. C, born at Covington, Tenn., March 25,1845; 
■enlisted for Confederate service in the Tipton Rifles, Fourth 
Tennessee ; served one year ; discharged on account of being 
under age ; became a substitute for his father, Lewis W. Davis, 
First Tennessee Heavy Artillery Regiment ; went to Vicks- 
burg. Miss., and remained until the surrender. During this 
time his father was taken prisoner by Colonel Hatch's eavalry 
command and sent to Alton, 111., prison and there died August 
12, 1863; afterward joined Captain Elliott's comjiany, Four- 
teenth Tennessee Cavalry ; at the battle of Franklin was l)y 
•order of General N. B. Forrest promoted from juivate to 
lieutenant for gallantry ; in the retreat from the front of 
Nashville was wounded in the right hip ; his parole is No. 
21, dated Gainesville, Ala. ; he lacked only four days of 



246 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



serving four years ; came to Memphis in January, 1870 ; was- 
appointed a patrolman ; in 1875 was promoted to the position 
of captain ; in 1880, when the then chief of police,?. R. Athy, 
was elected sheriff, Davis was made chief of police, which 
position he held until July 1, 1895, when he resigned to accept 
the office of wharfmaster, which position he still holds. 

DRAKE, JOHN B., born in Shelby county, and was a 
descendant of General James Robertson, the " father of Ten- 
nessee" ; enlisted April 16, 1861, in Company B, Bluff City 
Grays, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee, and remained 
until the end of the war ; saw much hard service ; was captured 
and held in prison at Alton, 111., sixteen months ; married Miss 
Frances Cash April 24, 1867; was proposed for membership 
in the C. H. A. by James E. Beasley and elected February 3, 
1870; was cashier of a bank; died August 20, 1875; was 
buried in the Confederate lot in Elmwood Cemetery ; left a 
wife, but no children. 

ERSKINE, JOHN HENRY, born at Huntsville, Ala., De- 
cember 23, 1834, and was one of three brothers, Drs. Albert 
and Alexander being the others, who went through the war 
as Confederate surgeons. He graduated in medicine at the 
University of New York in 1858, and at once began the prac- 
tice of medicine in Memphis. Early in 1861 he was commis- 
sioned as assistant surgeon of Bate's Second Tennessee Regi- 
ment, served more than a year as such, was promoted to the 
rank of senior surgeon on the staff of General Cleburne, and 
was soon chief surgeon of Cleburne's Division; next was 
medical inspector of Hardee's Corps, became chief surgeon 
of the corps, and at the close he was acting as medical director 
of the Army of Tennessee on the staff' of General Joseph E. 
Johnston. His promotions came rapidly, his services were 
continuous, and he filled every position with splendid effi- 
ciency and credit. He was a man of superb physique, great 
powers of endurance, intensely earnest and sympathetic, and 
drew about him hosts of loyal, loving friends. His was such 
a character as men love and women adore. 

In all his army career, which was nearly all in the field, he 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



347 




1)1{. JOIIX H. KU.SKINK. 



never asked for or received a leave of absence or was disabled. 
His courage, zeal and skill, and unswerving kindness, endeared 
him to all. Returning to Memphis in August, 18G5, he re- 
sumed practice, and was in the epidemics of 18G7, "73 and 
'78, manifesting the same devotion and heroism that he had 
shown in the military service. He was three times chosen 
health officer of the city — in 1873, '76 and '78. In the hist 
great epidemic he faced death for weeks to relieve stricken 
sufferers. But he overtasked himself, was prostrated with 
yellow fever, fell a martyr to duty and the cause of humanity 
and yielded up his life September 17, 1878. He die<l that 
others might live. It was not a time for much fornuility, but 
about fifty leading citizens united in a l>eautiful tribute to his 
memory. This was lithographed, surmounted by his pieture 
and elegantly framed, and is yet cherished by surviving friends 
and relatives. Another tribute was in the form of a very 



248 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 



heavy and beautiful ,^olden medallion, prepared by arm}' com- 
rades and sent to his venerable mother at Huntsville, Ala. 
On one side was the inscription " Dr. John H. Erskine, Chief 
Surgeon Army of Tennessee, C. S. A., April 26, 1865, on 
General Joseph E. Johnston's Staff" On the reverse was a 
Confederate flag, surrounded with the stars representing the 
Confederate States, and inside a circular rim the words " Dis- 
banded at Greensboro, N. C." This superb memento of lov- 
ing regard was sent to the venerable lady at Huntsville and 
accompanied by the following letter: 

Richmond, Va., and Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 8, 1879. 
Mrs. Susan C. Erskine, Huntsville, Ala.: 

Dear Madam — The medallion which accompanies this let- 
ter has been prepared by the friends and Confederate army 
comrades of your noble son, Dr. John H. Erskine, in testi- 
mony of his official rank and standing at the end of the South's 
struggle for independence. We do this because the Confed- 
erate government was able to give commissions to ver}' few 
of the military officers who, like Dr. Erskine, were entitled 
to them. The medallion, with its inscriptions, will serve 
instead of a military commission as evidence of Dr. Erskine's 
well earned military rank; and his relatives may hand it 
down as such to their descendants. We, who sign this letter, 
knoiv that when the C. S. Army of Tennessee was disbanded 
by its commander at Greensboro, N. C, May 2, 1865, Dr. John 
H. Erskine was its Medical Director. 

With assurances of very deep sympathy with you in your 
sad bereavement by the death of such a son, we are 
Most respectfully yours, 

J. E. JOHNSTON, JAMES E. BEASLEY, 

W. H. RHEA, EDWARD L. BELCHER, 

R. B. SNOWDEN, G. B. THORNTON, M.D., 

W. A. GOODMAN, A. J. VAUGHAN. 

COLTON GREENE, B. F. CHEATHAM. 

The medallion and letter will doubtless be transmitted to 
posterity as a priceless family heirloom. Little more need or 
can be said of such a man. His memory is especially dear to 
many old Confederates who knew him. He became a mem- 
ber of the old Confederate Relief and Historical Association 
on the 15th of July, 1869. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 249 

ERSKINE, ALEXANDER, \>oru in lluntsvilk', Ala., Sep- 
tember 26, 1832, and came of old and notable families identi- 
fied with the early history of Virginia and Pennsylvania. 
His mother was the daughter of Colonel Albert Russell, who 
was in the Revolutionary war and was with Washingt(^n in 
his marches, lie took a thorough academic course at Ilunts- 
ville, and studied four years at the University of Virginia, 
graduating in chemistry and Gei-man ; read medicine in his 
father's office at Iluntsville and then returned to the Univer- 
sity, where he took a medical course ; went to the University 
•of New. York and graduated there in 1858, and settled in 
Memphis the same year; practiced medicine, and was eon- 
iiected before and several years after the war with the Mem- 
phis Medical College. When the war broke out. Dr. Erskine 
entered the Confederate service, and \vas with Generals Cle- 
burne, Cheatham, Bragg and Polk in Tennessee, Kentucky, 
Mississippi and Georgia. He was taken prisoner at the bat- 
tle of Perryville and placed in charge of the sick and wnnnded 
at Harrodsburg; was afterward sent to Vicksburg and ex- 
chanofed, and ioined the army at College Grove, Tenn.; was 
at the battle of Murfreesboro ; spent the winter at TuUahonia 
as a brigade surgeon in General Polk's command, and alter 
that was in charge of the J^aw^ Hospital at LaG range, (ia., 
until the surrender. After the war he resumed the practice 
of medicine in Memphis, and has ever since enjoyed the full- 
est contidence of a large clientele. He passed through all 
five of the epidemics in Memphis since the war and stood the 
severest tests at the post of duty and danger, and did his full 
part for the relief of suffering humanity. He is an elder in the 
Presbyterian Church, to which his ancestors belonged for 
several generations; belongs to medical societies and other 
organizations, and is otherwise identified with the best inter- 
ests and moral influences of this city. Dr. Erskine has been 
twice married— first at Memphis, December 10, 18(n. to Mrs. 
A. L. White (nee Law), to whom were born two sons. .Mrs. 
Erskine died in 1868; second marriage to Miss Margaret L. 
Gordon, a cousin of General John P.. Gordon, at Columi)ia, 
Tenn., December 19, 1872. She was a cousin of Dr. Erskine's 



250 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

first wife, and her father, Washington Gordon, a planter of 
Maury county, died in the Confederate service at Vicksburg. 
By this union there were seven children. He is now and has 
been since 1885 connected with the Memphis Hospital Medical 
College as professor of obstetrics and diseases of children. 

FIZER, JOHN C, born in Dyer county, Tenn., in 1838^ 
removed to Panola county. Miss., with his father's family 
when 10 years old ; grew up in mercantile life ; came to Mem- 
phis to live, but when the war broke out he went back to 
Mississippi, and was elected first lieutenant and became adju- 
tant of the Seventeenth ( Featherstone's) Mississippi Regi- 
ment ; was in the first battle of Manassas and at Ball's Bluft'. 
When the regiment was reorganized he was elected lieuten- 
ant-colonel; was soon after promoted, and was in the princi- 
pal battles in Virginia and at Gettysburg. He came with 
Longstreet to Tennessee, and was in the battle of Chicka- 
mauga. It was at Knoxville that he lost his arm when in 
command of his brigade. He was afterward assigned com- 
mand of a brigade in South and North Carolina, and was 
with General J. E. Johnston at the capitulation at Ben ton - 
ville. This brief sketch gives only a faint idea of his bril- 
liant career. After the war he engaged, very successfully in 
business in Memphis and married here. He was proposed 
for membership in the C. H. A. by Major W. A. Goodman,. 
Captain W. D. Stratton and Dr. J. H. Erskine, and elected 
April 28, 1870 ; succeeded ex-Governor Isham G. Harris as 
president of the Association in 1871, and died June 15, 1876,. 
at the early age of about 38 years. 

FLANNERY, DAVID, was born February 16, 1828, in 
Limerick, Ireland; he was superintendent of telegraph from 
Memphis to New Orleans for the Confederate government,, 
and filled this, or a corresponding position, to the close of the 
war, as shown in a letter from General Stephen D. Lee; was 
paroled in May, 1865, and has since lived in Memphis, and is 
still connected with the telegraph service. His career through- 
out the war was one of great hazard, valuable service and 
thrilling interest, and would make a book of itself. He joined 
the C. H. A. several years ago. 



CONFEDERATP: historical association. 251 

FLIPPIN, J. R., born in Williamson county, Ti-nn., in 
1834; removed to Fayette county, Tenn., and reared thereon 
a farm ; graduated at Old Jackson College. C'olumbia, Tenn., 
and at Lebanon Law School ; removed to Memphis and located 
in fall of 1856; entered the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth 
Tennessee Regiment as a private in 1801 ; was in the battles 
of Belmont, Shiloh, Chickamauga ami Missionary Ridge; 
detached from command and served as brigade quartermaster 
when not in active service, and was surrendered under General 
Joseph E. Johnston at Greensboro, N. C. ; resumed i)ractice 
of law in 18G5 in Memphis ; was elected and served with credit 
and distinction as Judge of the Criminal Court and as Mayor 
of Memphis; spent some years in Mexico in charge of large 
mining interests ; married Miss^N'elson of Brownsville, Tenn., 
in 1871 ; has three daughters and a son ; is an elder in the 
Linden Street Christian Church, and is practicing law. 

FORREST, NATHAN BEDFORD, Lieutenant-General of 
Cavalry, C. S. A. No attempt will be made in this limited 
space to give an adequate sketch of the life of this most 
remarkable man. His methods and achievements in war are 
well known, and have been fully described by the ablest critics 
and military men of this country and of Europe. He was a 
born leader of men, without any of the advantages of early 
education. In him strong common sense and quick percej)tion 
dominated over a splendid physique. He had a big, sympa- 
thetic heart, as was often manifested in most trying situations, 
but he could restrain his emotions in the pursuit of any great 
purpose. Self-control and faith in himself inspired courage 
in others. He never ordered men to go where he wonhl not 
dare to lead ; if he was severe at times it was for a purpose ; 
it was to enforce discipline and make the best out of trying 
circumstances. The testimony of all who were very near him 
in his great campaigns is that he was sympathetic, genial 
and companionable. He was a temperate man ; had no small 
vices; was not given to levity or common-jdace small talk, 
but was frank, candid and sincere; positive and honest in all 
things. His men were ever ready to follow him into thejaws 
of death. In judgment and discretion he was a head and 



252 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

shoulders above most men. No general and concise history 
of the Civil War can ever be written without giving to him 
large space and the highest credit for military genius. His 
name will go down to future generations with a luster that 
the centuries will not dim or the admirers of real heroes per- 
mit to be forgotten. N. B. Forrest volunteered as private 
and surrendered as a lieutenant-general. He was a self-made, 
strong, broad-minded man ; was a leader in civil life as well as 
in war, and died universally regretted by his comrades and 
followers, and the Southern people, who knew him best. 

GOODLOE, J. L., born in Madison county, Miss., Septem- 
ber 3, 1840 ; enlisted in 1861 in Company E, Twenty-eighth 
Mississippi Cavalry ; detailed to Harvey's Scouts; captured 
June, 1864, at Allatoona, Ga. ; imprisoned at Rock Island, 
111. ; wounded at Cassville, Ga., May, 1864; paroled February, 
1865, and sent to Richmond, Va. ; practiced law at Memphis, 
Tenn., since 1867, joining this Association about 1886. 

HAMILTON, HUGH A., born in Baltimore. Md., in 1834 ; 

was educated in that city ; became connected with an express 
company, and was in the Confederate army from 1861 to 
1865 ; became a resident of Memphis in 1867 and died here in 
1887 ; was married in 1882 to Mrs. Kate E. Dawson, daughter 
of Eugene Magevney, Esq. 

HANAUER. LOUIS, born in Bavaria in 1820; came to 
America in 1838; lived at Pocahontas, Ark., and removed to 
Memphis in 1860 ; enlisted in the Confederate army and served 
for a time on the staff of General Hardee ; was a prominent 
merchant here for many years ; died in August, 1889. 

HAYS, A. J., born in 1830, and graduated at the Lebanon 
Law School ; in 1861 became a member of the One Hundred 
and Fifty-fourth Tennessee Regiment and was appointed 
quartermaster of State troops with the rank of major by Gov- 
ernor Isham G. Harris. He served for a time, but had to 
retire on account of an acute case of chronic dysenter}', which 
lasted him for seven years ; he remained the rest of the war 
at Ha^^swood plantation, near what is now Arlington, and 
rendered much valuable aid to the Confederates. After the 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL A8S<JCIAT1()N. ioa 

war he engaged in planting and died of yellow lever in 
September, 1878, aged 48 years. He was a great nepliew of 
General Andrew Jackson and was named for him ; he was a 
man of a sunny natnre, and is remembered by hosts of friends. 

HIX, J. M., born in Albemarle, N. C. ; came tt» Memphis 
in 1858; joined the Shelby Grays, Fourth Ti-nnessee; partici- 
pated in both days' tight at the battle of Shiloh, and was 
transferred on December 25, 1862, to Company B, of the Forty- 
eighth North Carolina Regiment, Cook's Brigade, Heath's 
Division ; promoted to lirst lieuteiuint ; was in tiie battle of 
Bristow station, and at both days' light at the battle of the 
Wilderness and in nearly all the battles from the Wilderness 
in the campaign of 1864, including 8[)0ttsylvania Courthouse, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg, to Kichmond in March, 1865; at 
one time was in charge of a brigade train in \'irginia; from 
Richmond he was sent to North Carolina on special duty, 
when deserters and bushwhackers abounded in the mountains ; 
was paroled at Salisbury; returned to Memphis and has lived 
here almost ever since and connected mostly with one house, 
except about six years spent in New York and California. 

HUGHES, BARNEY, a native of Louisville, Ky., and in 
boyhood a very bright lad, who could study his lesson by 
leaning his book against the fence while at a game of marbles. 
In 1861 he was connected with the railway and telegrapii 
business, then in their incipiency ; went out from New Or- 
leans as lieutenant with a company of heavy artillery. One of 
the heavy batteries under the bluft" at the chalk banks ab(,ve 
Columbus, Ky., was manned by Hughes' company, ami had 
a share in driving Grant's forces back from the tiold of Bel- 
mont, Grant leaving his mess chest, private papers, gold pen 
and a saddle horse on the field for the Southern troops to use 
at their convenience afterward. In the operations aiound 
Island 10 Lieutenant Hughes served on the staff of General 
Trudeau. When General Bragg moved into Kentucky Lieu- 
tenant Hughes was telegraph operator at Chattanooga, and 
he soon after became confidential operator for General Bragg. 
He served in this capacity at the battle of Chickamauga, and 



254 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

also in the operations around Missionary Ridge. At the lat- 
ter place cannon balls went whizzing through his telegraphic 
tent at so lively a rate that his quarters were quickly changed. 
He continued in the service until peace was made ; then went 
West, and at Salt Lake City worked the first telegraphic 
instrument ever operated there. Later Lieutenant Hughes 
returned to this city, taking position with the Memphis & 
Charleston Railroad, with which he remained until his death 
in September, 1892. He married Miss Wittie Ellis of Ken- 
tucky, in 1872. Lieutenant Hughes had a host of friends and 
after his death a number caused a monument to be placed 
over his remains in Elmwood, upon which is recorded his 
virtues. 

KELLAR, ANDREW J., was born in Kentucky, and his 
ancestors were from Alsace and Lorraine, settling originally 
in Virginia. In politics he was a Douglas Union Democrat, 
of Jacksonian ideas, and as a matter of fact was named An- 
drew Jackson, his ideal of statesmanship and heroism. He 
came to Memphis before the war, and engaged in the practice 
of law when quite a young man. When the trial came he 
left some of his more ultra associates behind and went out as 
captain of a company. After the battle of Shiloh, in which 
his sword belt was shot from him, he was elected colonel of 
his regiment, the Fourth Tennessee. Although in broken 
health, he was a faithful, active soldier throughout the war. 
He went into the battle of Murfreesboro so feeble that after 
the battle his men lifted him from his horse ; but he had 
fought his fight. After the death of General Strahl, Colonel 
Kellar commanded the brigade, and he had received his com- 
mission as brigadier-general when the war closed. He mar- 
ried Miss Margaret Chambers of Mississippi, a descendant of 
Oriffith Rutherford and of General Wm. Davidson of North 
Carolina, both of Revolutionary fame. Of this marriage was 
born four sons and one daughter — Chambers, Andrew Conley, 
William Henry, Philip Rutherford and Werdna, the latter 
name being Andrew reversed, still in honor of Old Hickory. 

After the war Colonel Kellar practiced law in Memphis ; 
became interested in and finally owned the old Avalanche, and 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOIUCAL ASSOt'IATlON. 



edited or controlled its policy for several years; sold out and 
engaged in other enterprises, and some years ago removed, 
with his family, to Hot Springs, Sonth Dakota; entered npon 
the practice of law and is now a memher of the State Senate. 

KELLY, W. O., born in Franklin, Tenn., .\oveml.er 2, 
1838 ; enlisted in Company H, Twelfth Tennessee, June, 1861 ; 
participated and was wounded in the battle of Belmont, Mo. ; 
also took part at Shiloh ; after that was detailed for duty in 
commissary department under Major Lee M. Ganhier, Polk's 
Corps; later took part in resisting an advance of General 
Grierson in his famous raid through Mississippi, acting as aid- 
de-camp on the commanding officer's staft'; paroled at Merid- 
ian, Miss., June, 1865 ; returned to Memphis and married 
the daughter of Mr. M. B. Elder, at Trenton, and has been 
for many years connected with a leading house in Menijihis. 

KINNEY, I. C, born near Covington, Tipton county; 
enlisted at the age of 16 years in Compan}- I, Ca})tain Alex- 
ander, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry; after the battle of Fort 
Pillow was on Colonel Rucker's staff as courier at the battle 
of Harrisburg; was in the raid under Forrest made into North 
Alabama and Middle Tennessee in September, 1864; was in 
various other engagements with his regiment in that cam- 
paign ; came home at the end of the war; never was }»aroled 
or wounded, but saw much liard service; lived in Tipton 
county until last year, when he removed to Memphis and 
engaged in business. 

LONG, Rev. NICHOLAS -\L, born in Somerville. Kayette 
county, Tenn., July 27, 1849; removed to Sullivan county 
when he was nine years old, with his motlier, who had nniiried 
the second time, and grew up on a farm. In 1864 enlisted in 
the Confederate service, in Witcher's company, Owen White's 
Battalion ; after several months hard service for him, including 
picket duty in the mountains at perilous points, his conuDand 
was ordered out of East Tennessee, and it was arranged that 
he should return home to care for his mother, as his stepfather 
was also in the armv. ^Lany of Mr. Long's near relatives 



256 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

were in the Confederate army, and they all came of heroic 
pioneer and Revolutionary stock. An excellent sketch of 
him, with references to his family connections and ancestry, 
appears in " Prominent Ten nesseeaus." (See page 172.) 

LOONEY, ROBERT FAIN, a grandson of David Looney 
and Richard Gammon ; both resided in Sullivan county, East 
Tennessee, and were members of the Convention that framed 
the first Constitution of the State. His maternal grandfather, 
Richard Gammon, was one of the commissioners appointed 
to control the affairs of Tennessee while yet in a territorial 
form. Colonel Looney is the 3'oungest of a large family, of 
which he and the lion. A. M. Looney of Columbia, Teim., 
alone survive. He was born in Maury county, Tenn., where 
his father, Abraham Looney, moved at an early day; was 
educated at Jackson College, Columbia, and studied law with 
his brother-in-law. Judge Edmund Dillahunty ; he moved to 
Memphis when quite a young man. lie married Miss Louisa 
Crawford of Columbia, Tenn. Early in 1861 he raised a regi- 
ment, the Thirty- eighth Tennessee, which he commanded at 
Shiloh and other battles. An old soldier of this regiment in 
a recent letter says : " I have often thought that the history 
of the Thirty-eighth Tennessee should be written ; other com- 
mands and other commanders have become famous for doing 
less." It won distinction at Shiloh, Perryville and Murfrees- 
boro, and was conspicuous in most of the great battles of the 
war. At Shiloh (on Sunday, the 6th) this regiment made a 
charge across an open field that was matchless in execution 
and results. Colonel Looney led the charge in person, riding 
far in advance of his men, (Lindsley's Annals, pp. 505-6.) 
Colonel Looney, in his official report at the time, said: "I 
received an order to charge the battery and camp under cover 
of the woods to the right, from Major-General Polk, through 
his son. Captain Polk. I quickly examined the route and 
saw that the order could be carried out in effect with but 
little more risk by moving rapidly through the open field. I 
ordered the charge, which was pronjptly and successfully 
executed as to the camp and battery, and I suppose at least 
one thousand prisoners were taken.'" Colonel Looney, in con- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



257 




CUL. ROBKKT V. LOOXEY 
At Richmond in DMiS. 



eluding his report of the two days' engagement, says: "I 
delivered the last volley to the enemy on Monday." Of the 
distinguished gallantry of Colonel Looney in this hattle the 
captains of the companies composing the Thirty-eighth Ten- 
nessee Regiment, in a published account under date of April 
8, 1862, say : 

" Our regiment, the Thirty-eighth Tennessee, commanded 
by Colonel Robert F. Looney, was engaged the Gth and 7th. 
During the whole engagement our colonel was at his post, 
riding up and down the line, encouraging and urging on his 
men, and doing even more than might have been expected of 
a veteran hero. On Monday, the 7th, it became necessary to 
drive back the enemy and hold a position for a certain time. 
Our regiment was ordered to the charge. It advanced under 
a heavy and devouring cross-fire. Our colonel was every- 
17 



258 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

where, doing everything. His men were encoaraged by his 
bold and fearless conduct. The lire became terrific. Some- 
times the line would stop and stagger back like a strong ship 
when smitten by a wave. Then our leader, despising danger 
and contemning death, with one hand pointing to the colors 
still flying in the breeze, would shout, Forward! Still press 
on ! " 

An old soldier, writing, recalls this charge when the gallant 
colonel seized the colors in his hand and, riding to the front, 
told the men to follow him and the flag. The brigade com- 
mander. Colonel Preston Pond, in his official report, compli- 
ments Colonel Looney for his coolness and intrepidity. Col. 
Looney's regiment was not in General Polk's Corps, and is, 
therefore, not mentioned in his official report, but General 
Polk complimented him and his men on the field for gallant 
and valuable services. 

General Marcus J. Wright, in his War Records, says : 
" Among the many Tennessee commands which were conspic- 
uous for gallantry at the battle of Shiloh, none won more 
laurels than the Thirty-eighth Tennessee, commanded by Col- 
onel P. F. Looney." Colonel Looney later in the war was 
taken prisoner, and being exchanged he reported to General 
Pemberton. When hostilities were over he returned to the 
practice of his profession, the law, but after a few years he 
became interested in various enterprises ; he has always taken 
an active interest in politics, exerting powerful influence and 
laboring for party and friend ; he is now one of the commis- 
sioners appointed by the government to make a great national 
park of the Shiloh battlefield. 

LOUDON, MILTON B., commander of the steamboats 
Granite State, Q. L. Hyatt and Keokuk ; was the second son 
of John Loudon, and entered the Confederate service at the 
age of 23 years, in Captain Wicks' cavalry company. His 
first engagement was Perryville, Ky. ; was in ever}^ important 
battle afterward; attached to General Wheeler's command; 
served throughout the war; died of j^ellow fever on board of 
his boat Keokuk in 1873; buried at the Loudon vault. Elm- 
wood Cemetery. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 259 

LOXJDON, HOPKINS, third and youiiirost son of John 
Loudon and Minerva Trowbridge Loudon ; born in Cincinnati, 
■0. ; graduated at Woodward Iligli School, Cincinnati, O. ; in 
1861 came to Memphis; entered the Confederate service on 
his father's boat, Granite State ; was ordered with his boat to 
Little Rock, Ark., via Arkansas river, loaded with Confed- 
erate government stores ; boated in the government service 
until Little Rock and Pine Bluff fell. Knowing that the 
capture of the boat was only a question of time, he sunk her 
at Silver Lake and then set tire to her upper works ; ho iiad 
removed her bell, which was a large and valuable one. At the 
•close of the war his father, John Loudon, presented it to St. 
Patrick's Church, where its silvery tones are heard all over 
Memphis to this day. After the destruction of tlic boat he 
entered Company G, Captain Gillespie's cavalry ; was with 
'General Price in his raid through Missouri and Kansas, and 
in all the battles of that arduous campaign ; at close of the war 
returned to his home at Memphis, and now resides in Kansas 
•City, Mo. 

MAURY, RICHARD B., born in Georgetown, D. C, Feb- 
ruary 5, 1834, but grew up at Fredericksburg, Va. ; gradu- 
ated in several schools of the University of Virginia, and 
last of all in medicine; afterward took the degree of M.l). in 
the University of New York. After a hospital career wont 
to Natchez, Miss., and after recovering his impaired health 
engaged in the practice of medicine at Port Gibson, Miss. 
He entered the Confederate service as Surgeon of the Twenty- 
eighth Mississippi Cavalry. After one year of hard service 
was transferred to hospital duty, and remained in charge of 
hospitals until the close of the war. In 18G7 Br. Maury 
removed to Memphis, where he has since enjoyed a large 
practice. He is a member of various societies and has con- 
tributed largely to medical jouriuils. His family history is 
exceedingly interesting. M. F. Maury of the United States 
Navy was his second cousin, and after his tather's death be- 
-came his guardian, as well as true friend and kind adviser. 
Dr. Maury was first married in Port Gibson, Miss., to Miss 
Jane T. Ellett, daughter of Hon. Henry T. Ellett. Thoy had 



260 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

a family of six children ; his wife died in Memphis in 1875. 
His second wife was Miss Jennie B. Poston of Memphis, and 
they have several children. 

McGUIKE, WM. EUGENE, born of Virginia ancestry^ 
November 17, 1839, in Christian county, Ky. He joined Com- 
pany A, First Kentucky Cavalry, commanded by Colonel 
Ben. Hardin Helm, a brother-in-law of President Lincoln ; 
was appointed chief of scouts at Florence, forty picked men, 
and watched the movements of Grant's and Buell's armies; 
was elected first lieutenant of his old company, but he was 
retained in the scouting service until the end of the war. 
He had man}- narrow escapes and thrilling experiences. He 
served with General Forrest in the Georgia campaign, and 
was with the last fragments of Johnston's army of grizzled 
and tattered veterans until it, with the executive department 
of the lost Confederacy, surrendered at Washington, Ga. 

After the surrender Captain McGuire engaged in business 
in Christian county, Ky., and there met Miss Lula Lawrence 
of Memphis, and afterward married her and removed to this 
city. Her family came to Memphis from Virginia in 1818, 
and was of the same family as Commodore James Lawrence 
of "Don't give up the ship" fame, 

MALLORY, W. B., was born in Hanover county, Va., and 
previous to the war was Captain of the Monticello Guards at 
Charlottesville, and by order of the governor took this com- 
pany to Charleston as a guard to represent the State and pre- 
serve the peace, and was there in that capacity when John 
Brown was executed. When the war broke out Captain 
Mallory, in command of the same company, with the Albe- 
marle Rifles of Charlottesville and about one hundred students 
of the University of Virginia, left Charlottesville the night of 
April 8 ; went to Harper's Ferry by order of Governor John 
Letcher, reaching that place on April 19, the State having 
passed the ordinance of secession on the 16th, which was to be 
promulgated the next day ; remained two weeks ; was then 
ordered back to equip his company ; in ten days the Guards 
were ready and reported at Culpepper Courthouse, where the 
Nineteenth Virginia Regiment was organized, and of which 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



261 




(;apt. w. b. mallory. 



Oaptain Mallorj's command was the senior company. He 
served in the field for twelve months and then was ordered 
to take command of the post at Charlottesville and be provost 
marshal, upon the ground that he could be of more service 
there than with the army. This was a strategic point of great 
importance, and many efforts were made to take it. Captain 
Mallory remained there in command until near the close of 
the war. No Federal troops reached the place until March, 
1865. Captain Mallory, with a small force partly recruited 
from the hospitals, took a decisive part in averting the raid 
made by General Custer. It was not until March, just before 
the surrender, that General Sheridan passed through from the 
valley to the rear of General Lee's arm}' at Petersburg. Of 
this movement Captain Mallory kept General Lee informed 
daily until General Sheridan crossed to the south side of 
James river. Captain Mallory had an opportunity to surreu- 



263 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

der at Appomattox, but started south ; feeling further resist- 
ance or flight useless, he accepted the situation and surren- 
dered a few days later. Soon after the war he came to Mem- 
phis, embarked in mercantile life and was pre-eminently suc- 
cessful. He has a palatial home, has a large family, and is 
fully identilied with the business affairs and best social life of 
the city. Joined the C. H. A. June 13, 1894, and was a staff" 
officer with the rank of colonel at the inter-State drill held in 
Memphis in 1895. 

MARTIN, HUGH BRADSHAW, son of William Pitt 
Martin and Martha Harris Bradshaw ; born in Columbia, 
Tenn., August 9, 1838 ; his father, W. P. Martin, was a bril- 
liant lawyer, a jurist, a man of infinite wit and great personal 
magnetism ; at the age of 21 Mr. Martin began the practice of 
law in Memphis, where two years later he was married to 
Miss Ruth Talbot, and two weeks after he joined Forrest's 
cavalry. He was soon promoted to the position of ordnance 
officer on the staff* of General Forrest, where he served two 
years, 1862-63 ; in the latter part of 1863 he was transferred 
to the staff of General Starnes, who was soon after killed at 
Shelbyville. General Dibbrell succeeded to the command ; 
with him Captain Martin remained till the close of the war. 
A machinist by the name of Casey, in the ordnance depart- 
ment, became very much attached to Captain Martin and 
made him at the ordinary forge a beautiful pair of spurs and 
a bridle bit with a star made of a silver dollar. These me- 
mentoes of aflfection in the times that tried men's souls are 
yet preserved in the family, and grow more valuable as the 
years go by. During the battles of Shiloh, Murfreesboro, 
Chickamauga, Franklin, and the later terrible struggles. Cap- 
tain Martin was at his post. After the surrender, Dibbrell's 
Brigade, with others, was selected as an escort to President 
Davis and his Cabinet when seeking a place of safety ; Dib- 
brell's men did not, however, remain in this service ; the force 
was already so large that it rendered secrecy impossible. 
When leaving the President's escort General Dibbrell's com- 
mand was paid in coin, the last disbursement by the Confed- 
erate States of America. Captain Martin kept this money 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 263 




CAPT. HUGH B. MARTIN. 



in his possession as an heirloom for his children. General 
Dibbrell joined General Joe Johnston in North Carolina, 
where he surrendered. Captain Martin returned to Memphis 
and resumed the practice of law ; he was a man of splendid 
personal appearance, with a heart filled with gentleness and 
kindness to the whole world ; his nature was as genial as the 
springtime that wakes in beauty all the flowers ; and he died 
a few years ago lamented by a devoted wife, loving sons and 
daughters and hundreds of sincere friends. 

MERIWETHER, MINOR, was born in Christian county, 
Ky., January 15, 1827 ; his father was Garrett Minor Meri- 
wether, of Louisa county, Va., and his mother was Ann Minor, 
of Orange county, Va. ; he is of Welsh and Dutch descent, 
mixed with Scotch through the Douglas. A paternal Welsh 
ancestor of the eighth generation back settled in Surrey coun- 



264 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

ty, Va., in 1652; a maternal ancestor, Doodes Minor, of the 
seventh generation back, came from Holland in 1675 and set- 
tled in Urbana, Middlesex county, Va. If Minor Meriwether 
has any special ancestral pride it is on account of his Dutch 
ancestors, who for a century resisted the despotism of Spain 
and aided in establishing the Republic of the United Nether- 
lands, as well as in other great improvements. He was edu- 
cated at the Tennessee University, Nashville, for a civil engi- 
neer, and afterward had charge of important engineer work 
in construction of the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad. In 
1852 he married Miss Elizabeth Avery of Memphis ; removed 
to this city, and as chief engineer mainly located and con- 
structed the Memphis & Grenada Railroad ; after that was 
Chief Engineer of the Mississippi River Levees from the Ten- 
nessee line to the mouth of the Yazoo. When the war began 
he closed up and dropped this work, and reporting to General 
Polk, assisted in constructing defensive works at Columbus, 
Island 10 and Fort Pillow, holding a quasi commission as 
Major of Engineers. He was afterward commissioned by Pres- 
ident Davis as Major of Engineers, and later as Lieutenant- 
Colonel of Engineers. In April, 1861, the city of Memphis 
appropriated |25,000 for defense and appointed General Jos. 
R. Williams, W. A. Bickford and Minor Meriwether a com- 
mittee to construct works on the river to prevent the descent 
of Federal gunboats and transports. The tield work devolved 
upon Major Meriwether ; he constructed Fort Harris above 
Memphis and was in the long and heavy bombardments of 
Fort Pillow, Island 10 and Columbus by gunboats and mortar 
fleets ; he aided in the construction of works around Corinth ; 
served on the staff of General Leonidas Polk in the battle of 
Shiloh ; on the staff of General Price at luka, September, 
1862, and Hatchie bridge in October, 1862 ; in the latter part 
of that year laid out and constructed fortifications at Grenada 
and at Abbeville, on the Tallahatchie river. Being famil- 
iar with the country he foresaw the attempt to send gunboats 
and transports through Moon lake and Yazoo Pass and on 
through a network of rivers to Haines' Bluff, where an army 
could attack Vicksburg from the rear, and he warned General 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



265 




MAJ. MINOR MERIWETHER 

At the Age of 38. 



Pemberton of the danger. General Pemberton was advised 
otherwise. In January, 1863, when the floods came, the Fed- 
erals cut the Pass levee and rode into Moon lake with their 
gunboats and transports and commenced the descent ; too 
late Major Meriwether was ordered to Greenwood to sink 
steamboats and blockade the fleet ; the water was too deep to 
render this eftectual ; the major erected defenses at Fort Pem- 
berton, sank the Star of the West, an ocean steamer, and 
placed batteries in position ; General Loring was in command 
of less than 1500 men ; the Federals had over 15.000 and 
heav}' batteries ; General Grant cut the large levees on the 
Mississippi and the Confederates were well nigh drowned out ; 
many were taken sick, and toward the end Major Meriwether 
was the only one of the engineer corps able for duty ; yet the 
Oonfederates, weak, sick and worn out, held on, and the great 
movement to invest Vicksburg by that route was abandoned, 



266 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

and General Grant ultimately made the attack from below. 
After the fall of Vicksburg Major Meriwether was ordered to 
Florida to assist in an important railroad connection and wa& 
brought under the immediate command of General J. F. Gil- 
mer, Chief Engineer of the Army ; later he was under com- 
mand of General Richard Taylor, and was surrendered under 
him at Meridian in May, 1865. 

Major Meriwether returned to Memphis and resumed the 
labors of his profession successfully and eventually adopted 
the profession of law, for which he had been prepared before 
the war; he took an active part in public affairs and was 
appointed receiver for the old municipality of Memphis, in- 
volving great labor and heavy litigation. This being concluded 
to the satisfaction of the taxpayers and people at large, he 
resigned some years ago and removed with his family to St. 
Louis, where he is now engaged in the practice of the law 
and is as busy as ever. He was one of the early members of 
the Confederate Relief and Historical Association, and was 
for some years its secretary and treasurer. 

MATHES, GEORGE ANDERSON, second son of Rev. 
William Alfred Mathes, was born near Dandridge, Jefferson 
county. East Tennessee, October 25, 1844; ran off' from home 
and enlisted in Company I, Thirty-seventh Tennessee Regi- 
ment, Carroll's Brigade, at Knoxville, in the latter part of 
1861 ; was a delicate 3'outh and had never known many hard- 
ships ; marched to Mill Springs, Ky., and was in at the end 
of the battle of Fishing creek January 19, 1862 ; after the 
battle of Shiloh was in Marmaduke's Brigade ; was m the 
battle of Farmington and in minor engagements ; fell back to 
Tupelo and was sick there ; was physically unable to go with 
Bragg's army into Kentucky ; was in the battle of Murfrees- 
boro December 31, 1862 ; became a non-commissioned officer ; 
was in the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge ^ 
was in winter quarters at Dalton, Ga. ; in the campaign from 
Dalton to Atlanta. On July 20, 1864, on the Peachtree creek 
road, in a heavy engagement at close quarters, he was shot 
through the right arm by a minie ball and would have bled 
to death but for the prompt attention of his older brother, a 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



267 




DR. GEO. A. MATHEH. 



staft officer, who happened to be on the line. The arm was 
tied up and the wounded youth sent to the rear. His arm 
was disabled for life and he performed no more active field 
service. After the surrender he attended college for a year 
or two, read medicine, took a course at a medical college and 
began practice, but turned his attention to newspaper life ; 
became one of the editors of the Sonierville Falcon ; married 
Miss Mary English Dulin at Calvary Episcopal Church in 
Memphis in the fall of 1873 ; removed to Brownsville and 
successfully published and edited the States and States and Bee, 
but his health failed him, and after testing the climates of 
Texas and Elorida he returned and died in Memphis at the 
home of his brother, July 31, 1881. His wife had died seven 
months before him. They left three little girls, Mary D., 
Viola Belle and Georgie Bolton, who have since grown up to 
womanhood. Dr. Mathes was a man of decided talent and 
popularity; he was cut off in the midst of success and usefulness. 



268 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

MOYSTON, JOHN H., born in Wheeling, Va., in 1842 ; 
came of Revolutionary ancestry on both sides of the house, 
and has a most interesting family history, being on his moth- 
er's side a descendant of Oliver Cromwell, and running back 
several centuries; enlisted at Harper's Ferry May 17, 1861, 
in the Shriver Grays, Twenty-seventh Virginia, which after- 
ward composed a part of the Stonewall Brigade. His first 
engagement was at Falling Waters, six miles from Martins- 
burg ; then went to Manassas and was in the first battle there ; 
was in the campaign under Jackson, and was in all the prin- 
cipal battles under him, some thirty or forty in number ; was 
in the battles of Seven Pines, at Fredericksburg, at Gettys- 
burg, Sharpsburg, Cedar Mountain, and was wounded in the 
second battle of Manassas and in other battles, and served 
throughout the war without ever seeing his home ; served as 
orderly with General Stonewall Jackson about two years and 
attended his funeral at Lexington ; was captured near Knox- 
ville, where his regiment was attempting to come to reinforce 
Longstreet ; was sent to Rock Island prison ; was exchanged 
in a few months and returned to Richmond at the time of the 
surrender ; attempted to reach Johnston's army in North Car- 
olina, and failing in this Mr. Moyston and eleven others, with- 
out being paroled, chartered a forty-ton lumber boat at New 
Orleans, hid in the hold and had the captain to clear for some 
distant port and made direct for Vera Cruz, and went to Cor- 
dova. Mr. Moyston remained in Mexico nearly four years 
and became a naturalized Mexican citizen and superintendent 
of a copper mine ; then returned home and to Memphis about 
the year 1869 and has since lived here; married here Miss 
Anna Auer, a Baltimorean, and has three children, Blanche, 
Guy and Roy. Joined the C. H. A. at an early day and has 
always been an earnest, enthusiastic member. Mr. Moyston 
was conspicuous as a Knight of Pythias at the post of duty in 
the great epidemic of 1873 and rendered valuable services in 
other years, and has in every way proved himself as good a 
citizen as he was a daring, intrepid soldier. He is an enthu- 
siastic admirer of the late President Davis, whom he knew 
personally, and whose portrait, splendidly painted in oil by 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



26» 




JOHN H. MOYSTON. 



a New York artist, he not long since caused to be presented 
through his children to the Confederate Historical Association. 

OMBERG, JAMES A., born at Lawrenceviile, Ga., in 1839. 
His paternal ancestors came from Norway in the earl}- part 
of the present century and settled in Georgia. His mother's 
ancestors came from the north of Ireland in the eighteenth 
century and became citizens of South Carolina. He prepared 
for a university course. Preferring a commercial life, how- 
ever, he accepted at an early age a position as clerk in the 
Bank of Chattanooga with his uncle, William Fulton, the 
cashier, and soon succeeded to the position of teller of the 
Commercial Bank of Memphis. When the war broke out he 
promptly enlisted in Company A, Shelby Grays, Fourth Ten- 
nessee, from which he was soon transferred to the commissary 
headquarters of his brigade and division, remaining therein 
until the surrender with the army in North Carolina in April, 



^70 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

1865. In 1879 he became cashier of the Bank of Commerce, 
and has held the position ever since. Mr. Omberg was mar- 
ried in 1867 to Miss Eliza Graham, of an old and prominent 
family of Memphis. They have four children. 

OUTTEN, WILLIAM T., was born September 26, 1840, in 
Baltimore, Md. ; was present at the riot April 19, 1861 ; 
remained until Butler took possession of Annapolis, Md. ; 
was mustered into Confederate service in May, 1861, in Cap- 
tain J. Lyle Clark's company of Baltimore, Twenty-first Vir- 
ginia Regiment, and went to West Virginia with Generals 
Lee and Loriug; joined Jackson December, 1861 ; was under 
Jackson in the winter campaign to Bath, Hancock and Ram- 
sey ; saw much of General Loring and of Bishop Quintard, 
then with that command; was with Jackson at Kernstown, 
April, 1862 ; was a member of the Second Maryland Regi- 
ment; was organized in September, 1862, and operated inde- 
pendently until the Pennsylvania campaign ; was with Stew- 
iirt's Brigade, Johnston's Division, Ewell's Corps ; was slightly 
wounded at Gettysburg; was at Cold Harbor June, 1864; in 
the several battles around Petersburg; was present at the 
breaking through of the Confederate lines ; was wounded 
there and taken to a hospital at Manchester, opposite Rich- 
mond, and captured there; was paroled with thirteen others. 
Mr. Outten has been living in Memphis or vicinity since 1871, 
and is one of the very few Maryland ex-Confederates to be 
found in this part of the country. 

OVERTON, JOHN, Jr., born in Davidson county, Tenn., 
April 27, 1842; grew up on a farm, where his father. Colonel 
John Overton, still resides; attended the common schools 
until fifteen years of age ; then went to school two years in 
Albemarle county, Va., in 1857-58 ; entered the University 
of Nashville in 1860 and remained until April, 1861, when he 
enlisted in Captain Reed's company. Forty-fourth Tennessee 
Regiment. In 1862 he was transferred to the staflt' of Brig- 
adier-General Bushrod Johnston, with the rank of captain ; 
served with him on the Kentucky campaign and at the bat- 
tles of Perryville, Murfreesboro and Chickamauga, and minor 
engagements. When General Forrest was transferred to the 



CONFEDERATE HISTOKIC^AL ASSOCIATION. 271 

west, Captain Overton was transferred to his statt' with tlie 
same rank, and served in all of Forrest's campaigns, includ- 
ing the raid on Fort Pillow; was at Tupelo and Nashville, 
and with Hood's army in Tennessee, and finally surrendered 
with Forrest at Gainesville, Ala., May 13,1865. He returned 
to Memphis, where his father had large landed estates, and 
went into the real estate business on a large scale. Although 
a wealthy man, he is essentially a man of and for the people. 
He has been elected to both houses of the Legislature and 
served with distinction. He was a Commissioner of the Tax- 
ing District of Memphis. He takes an active interest in poli- 
tics as a public-spirited citizen, but not for the sake of office, 
as there is hardly a place within the gift of the people he 
would accept, unless when special work was needed. He 
enjoys the fullest confidence and good will of all classes. 
Captain Overton was married October 23, 1866, to Miss Ma- 
tilda Watkins of Davidson count}^, Tenn. They have three 
children — two sons, who are married, and a young daughter 
single and in society. The Overtons have been conspicuous 
and highly connected since the days of the Revolution, and 
have certainly held their own in jiublic and private aflairs, 
in war and in peace. 

PARKER, MINTER, born in Memphis October 24, 1842 ; 
his father, Robert A. Parker, was one of the pioneer mer- 
chants of Memphis ; was at college at LaGrange, Tenn., when 
Fort Sumpter fell ; joined the Shelby Grays, Fourth Tennessee 
Regiment ; after the battle of Murfreesboro was promoted to 
a position in the corps of topographical engineers on the staft" 
of General Leonidas Polk, and after his death was with Gen- 
erals Johnston and Hood, and was again on the stafi"of General 
Johnston and surrendered with him at Salisbury, N. C, April 
26, 1865; rode to Memphis on horseback and reached home 
on the first day of June ; was married November 20, 1867, to 
Miss Fannie Pillow, daughter of Jerome B. Pillow, near 
Columbia, Tenn.; wife died March 17, 1890, and he died Oc- 
tober 7, 1894. They are survived by six children. 

PATTERSON, Hon. JOSIAH, is the grandson of Alex- 
ander Patterson, who came from the north of Ireland before 



372 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

the Revolntionary war, settling in Abbeville District, S. C. ; 
became an officer in the patriot army ; was severely wounded 
at the battle of Cowpens. Malcolm, the son of Alexander 
Patterson, born in North Carolina, removed to Morgan county^ 
Ala., in 1817, where he married Mary De Loache. Their son 
Josiah was born September 14, 1837 ; was admitted to the 
bar and began the practice in 1859. In 1861 he became first 
lieutenant in Clayton's First Alabama Cavalry, and was pro- 
moted to captain for gallantry in the battle of Shiloh ; was on 
detached service in North Alabama ; was highly complimented 
in a general order issued by General Bragg ; became colonel 
of the Fifth Alabama Cavalry Regiment and was in command 
of it until the close of the war; he was in the battles of Cor- 
inth and luka and numerous other engagements ; was in com- 
mand of the District of North Alabama ; resisted the advance 
of Wilson's raid ; was captured in the battle of Selma, but 
escaped a few nights afterward and returned to North Ala- 
bama to reorganize his command ; surrendered and was paroled 
May 19, 1865. Since the war he has been prominent at the 
Memphis bar and in politics, and is recognized as one of the 
ablest men in Tennessee. He has served two terms in Con- 
gress, making a national reputation, and will contest for the 
seat of E. W. Carmack in Congress, to whom the certificate 
of last election was given. Colonel Patterson was married 
to Josephine, the daughter of Judge Green P. Rice, of Ala- 
bama, December 22, 1859. They have three children, Mal- 
colm R., Mary L. and Anna E. The son is Attorney-General 
for the Criminal Court of Shelby county. 

PILLOW, GIDEON J., was born in Williamson county, 
Tenn., in 1806 ; was graduated at the Nashville University in 
1827 ; was admitted to the bar and began the practice of law 
at Columbia, and was soon after appointed upon the staff" of 
Governor Carroll, his relative, with the rank of general. His 
ancestors on all sides were in the Revolutionary war, and are 
mentioned in Ramsey's History of Tennessee. When the 
war broke out with Mexico he was commissioned brigadier- 
general by President Polk and led a brigade of Tennesseeans. 
He was promoted to major-general, and commanded a divis- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



273 



^^^,..^s?pm^^msmmB9^f:^j^s^^ 




MA.T.-GEN. G. J. PILLOW 
During the Mexican War. 



ion at Cherubusco, the storniiiii^ of Cliepultepec, and taking 
of the city of Mexico. He was wounded severely several 
times, and had some friction with General Scott, but came 
home crowned with honors and applauded by the people. 
He engaged in planting in Tennessee and Arkansas, and had 
acquired a large fortune when the late war began. Governor 
Harris appointe<i him to command State troops with the rank 
of major-general. He w^as a man of tireless energy and superb 
executive ability, and aided materially in the organization of 
some 25,000 men, advancing his own means to the State. 
When the State seceded He was commissioned as brigadier- 
general by Mr. Davis. This meager recognition of so illus- 
trious a man was attributed, whether justly or unjustly, to 
personal prejudices engendered in the Mexican war. General 
Pillow took prominent part at the battle of Belmont, and made 
a splendid fight at Fort Donelson. Not believing the surrender 

necessary he left the place with his staff, and made his way 
18 



274 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

to Nashville. For this act of quasi insubordination he was 
suspended for some time, though General, then Colonel For- 
rest, was not. General Pillow was never again given a com- 
mand in the field, though he was given charge of the recruit- 
ing service in several States with headquarters at Marietta, 
Ga., and rendered most efficient service, which was highl}^ 
complimented b}' General Bragg and others high in command. 
After the war he resumed planting, and in 1868 formed a law 
partnership with ex-Governor Isham G. Harris, which con- 
tinued for several years. His first wife was Miss Mars' Martin 
of Maury county, from which marriage the following children 
survive: Mrs. T. J. Brown, Nashville, Tenn. ; Mrs. J. D. 
Mitchell, Helena, Ark; Mrs. W. F. Johnson, Atlanta, Ga. ; 
Mrs. D. F. Wade, Mrs. Melville Williams, Mrs. L. C. Haynes, 
Nashville, Tenn. ; Mrs. D. B. Fargason, Memphis, Tenn., and 
R. G. Pillow, Little Rock, Ark. General Pillow died October 
8, 1878, near Helena, Ark., leaving a wife and three young 
children, one since dead, by his last marriage. He was a 
man of unquestioned courage, fine address and high culture, 
a charming conversationalist, and in all respects a typical 
chivalric Southern gentleman of the best school. His name 
deserves the respect and honor of all true Tennesseeans. He 
became a member of this Association July 15, 1869, and for 
some years attended the meetings regularly. 

PICKETT, EDWARD, born at Huntsville, Ala., in 1828 
and died in 1876. He was a graduate of the Kentucky Military 
Institute; studied law ; was clerk of the House of Represen- 
tatives at Jackson, Miss., in his youth ; was afterward editor 
of the Natchez Free Trader and an editorial writer on the 
Memphis Appeal. When the war broke out he promptly 
espoused the Southern cause and became Colonel of the 
Twenty -first Tennessee Regiment?, which was cut to pieces at 
Union City; was aid to General A. S. Johnston at the battle 
of Shiloh, and afterward commanded the post at Milledgeville 
until the close of the war; practiced law in Memphis until 
his death. His editorial talents and inclinations were trans- 
mitted to his son, Mr. A. B. Pickett, who for some years past 
has been editor and manager of the Memphis Evening Scimitar. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 275 

PIPER, O. H. P., enlisted April 12, 1861, in the Southern 
Guards, commanded by Captain James Hamilton, an experi- 
enced and accomplished officer from Columbus, Ga., who had 
been an officer before when quite young in the Mexican war. 
This was the first company to enter the service from Memphis 
and the first to go to Randolph, then considered the post of 
honor; became the nucleus of the One Hundred and Fifty- 
fourth Tennessee; was assigned to artillery service, detached 
and stationed on Hatchie Island under General John P. Mc- 
•Cown ; Avas sent to Columbus, Ivy.; took part in the, battle 
of Belmont ; thence despatched to Island No. 10, and when 
that post was about to fall the men escaped to the woods and 
swamps, reformed and went to Corinth, and from there to 
Mobile and Fort Morgan, and was stationed at the last named 
place until it was captured. The first captain soon died ; the 
second captain was Richard Hambleton of South Carolina, 
who died before the company reached Island No. 10 ; the third 
and last captain was Thomas N. Johnson, who returned to 
Memphis after the war and became a member of the Confed- 
■erate Relief and Historical Association but died a few years 
afterward. 

O. H. P. Piper was one of three brothers born in Somerset^ 
county, near Princess Anne, Md., who came from Ohio to 
Memphis when quite young and entered the Confederate ser- 
vice from here ; he was only 21 years old ; at Columbus, Ivy., 
he was detached from his company to serve with Major Guy 
in the commissary department and was with him at various 
points, also later on with Majors J. J. Murphy and B. J. 
Semmes, thence reported for duty to General Bragg's chief 
commissary, John L, Walker of Mobile, and back to Major 
Guy ; most of the time he was in the purchasing department. 
He was in the battles of Belmont and Perry ville; at the 
latter place he and Maj. Frank Gailor, who were great friends, 
agreed the night before to go into the fight, though not re- 
quired to do so; Gailor, a resolute, cool young mun, gallant 
as ever lived, fully conscious of the situation, rode to his death 
in front of General Wood's Alabama Brigade, Hardee's Corps. 
Piper took a gun and went in front with his old friends the 



276 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

Shelby Grays of Memphis in the Fourth Tennessee Regiment^ 
Cheatham's Division, and escaped unhurt. After the battle 
he found his horse, which he had left tied in a deserted stable 
in Perryville, and soon after, on reporting at headquarters, 
learned the sad news of his friend Gailor's death. After that 
he saw much active service to the end of the war, when he 
returned to Memphis, and has since been engaged in various 
large business affairs. 

His next brother, John George Piper, enlisted at the age 
of 19 in Captain M. J. Wicks' cavalry company early in the 
war, and shortly after serving in the battle of Murfreesboro 
was killed in a cavalry charge on a stockade on the pike near 
Kashville. His comrades who survived him praised in the 
highest terms his coolness and unwavering courage to the 
last moment of his life. 

The third brother, William Augustus Piper, was in a dif- 
ferent command, the Maynard Rifles, One Hundred and Fifty- 
fourth Tennessee, Captain Ed. Cole; he enlisted at the age 
of 18 years, took part in the battle of Shiloh for two days 
and was greatly exposed, bringing on a fatal illness; he died 
May 8, 1862, in Major Frank Gailor's tent, receiving every 
attention and being sustained by the sympathy of friends and 
the consolations of religion. Major Gailor wrote a beautiful 
and touching tribute to his memory which appeared in the 
old Appeal of May 11, 1862. His remains were buried in 
Elmwood. 

These three brothers not reared upon our soil freely risked 
their lives and their all for the South, and only one came home 
alive. But they came of a fighting, liberty-loving stock. 
Their two grandfathers were in the Continental army, one 
from Philadelphia, the other from Bucks county. Pa. Both 
commanded companies in the war of American independence. 
Much is said of their patriotic ancestors in Davis' History of 
Bucks county, Pa. 

PRICE, BERNARD FRANCIS, was born in Alexandria, 
Va., November 30, 1815 ; left there when small with his 
father, who went to Shreveport, La., to live, thence to Lyons, 
la., thence to Rock Island, 111. Went to his trade of printer 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION: 



277 




BUN V. PRICE. 



at the early age of 10 years at Lyons, la. ; came to Memphis 
in 1857, and finished on the old Bulletin under J. M. Keating ; 
went in the army at the first tap of the drum, as a drummer 
boy, with the Ringgold Guards, Captain G. W. S. Crook; 
disbanded at Lynchburg, Ya., for want of quota to make the 
company. Young Price returned to Memphis and went out 
in the " Sumpter Grays," whose first captain was Jas. A. Lee, 
subsequently Captain T. W. Iiice,and known as Company A, 
Thirty-eighth Tennessee Regiment, Colonel R. F. Looney, 
General G. M. Pond's Brigade, and General Ruggles' Division. 
After the battle of Shiloh the company was placed in heavy 
artillery service, in charge of a battery commanding the Farm- 
ington road. After the evacuation of Corinth it was placed 
in light artillery in Forrest's command. At this time private 
Price was detailed and sent to Selma, Ala., to assist in getting 
out the House and Senate journals of Mississippi ; was subse- 



278 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

quently moved to Montgomery for the same purpose, where he 
was when the war closed, and was paroled there. He never 
w^ent to school except for three months, but has attained the 
highest position in the Masonic fraternity, Grand Master. 
He was married in 1867 to Miss Mary Virginia Price. From 
this union have been born eight children, six now living, two 
daughters and four sous, and there are two grandchildren. 
The children's names are Mrs. D. G. Dunlap, Velasco, Texas; 
Mrs. T. W. Avery, Memphis, Tenn.; Bun F., Jr., Robert N., 
Mack, and George C, are the boys. After the w^ar Mr. Price 
was for some time in the printing business, but for some years 
past has been the secretary of a leading local insurance com- 
pany. He has an elegant home in one of the fashionable 
suburbs of Memphis and a fine library, and finds time to make 
valuable contributions to Masonic literature through the daily 
press, as well as the magazines of the day. 

PORTER, EDWARD E., born March 28, 1832, at Lin- 
colnton, Lincoln county, N. C. His parents removed to Mem- 
phis in 1835. He graduated at Hanover College, Ind., and 
also at Princeton College, IST. J., and was a graduate of the 
Union Theological Seminary, Hampton-Sydney, Va. He was 
married to Mattie C. Rice, daughter of Rev. Benjamin Rice, 
D. D., President of the Union Theological Seminary, of which 
he was a graduate. He was pastor of the Third Presbyterian 
Church of this city when the war commenced ; went into the 
service from a sense of duty to country and from emotions of 
patriotism which could not be repressed, leaving his young 
wife and children at home. Early in the contest he received 
a commission from President Davis to raise an independent 
company, known as Porter's Partisans. With this command 
he repaired to Fort Pillow, continuing there and at Colum- 
bus until the evacuation of those places, when his company 
was regularly mustered into the Confederate service in the 
Department of Memphis; was connected with General For- 
rest's command at the time of the surrender. He lived to 
lay down his arms before the conqueror when success was 
no longer possible; but his health was broken in the contest, 
and on the 6th day of October, 1867, he entered " that low 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 279 

green tent whose curtain never outward swings." He had 
as noble a heart as ever beat in a man's bosom, and for gal- 
lant conduct and dauntless courage as an officer of the Con- 
federate forces, he was not excelled by any other. He was 
finely educated, and a man of abilities equaled by very few 
of his age. He loved his country and his kind, and sought 
always to do good to both and wrong to none. 

PORTER, Dr. JOSEPH T., born at Cohinibia, Teiin., in 
1845 ; enlisted at Memphis, June 1, 1861, aged 15 years, under 
Captain John C. Carter, Thirty-eighth Tennessee (later brig- 
adier-general) who was killed while commanding a division 
at the battle of Franklin ; served until the evacuation of 
Corinth, and then was discharged as a non-conscript at Tupelo, 
Miss.; afterward joined Forrest; was captured near Fort 
Pillow in January, 1863, and remained in prison at Camp 
Douglas six months ; exchanged at City Point, Va., joined 
his command, and surrendered at Gainesville, Ala., in 1865. 
Has practiced his profession and lived in Memphis since the 
war. 

SEBRING, W. H., born near St. Louis; reared in Gibson 
county, Tenn. ; came to Memphis just before the war broke 
out, when about 20 years old, and assisted in making up a 
company to go to Charleston, but the young men went to 
Nashville, joined Bate's Second Tennessee Regiment; served 
in the Virginia campaign from May, 1861, to February, 1862. 
The regiment came west and was in the battle of Shiloh. In 
1863 young Sebring was promoted to lieutenant; sent west 
with dispatches to General Kirby Smith ; captured, sent to 
Gratiot prison, St. Louis; tried and sentenced to be shot; 
was in prison eleven months and eighteen days, and was for 
five months in a condemned cell ; on Christmas eve, 1863, tried 
with otliers to escape, and with comrade A. C. Grimes was 
chained to a post in the back yard of the })rison five days and 
nights and nearly frozen to death. He was to iiave been shot 
June 25, 1864, but on the 18tli he and eight others charged 
the sentries. Captain Douglas, Captain JasperHiil and iiieu- 
tenant Sebring got through and back to the army; two were 



280 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

killed and two wounded ; afterward he was detailed by Pres- 
ident Davis and joined Captain T. H. Hines, John B. Castle- 
man and George B. Eaton in an attempt to release the 10,000 
prisoners at Camp Douglas ; the movement was ultimately 
betrayed, but Lieutenant Sebriuir escaped back through the 
lines ; reported back to Richmond, was promoted to lieuten- 
ant-colonel and sent down the James river on an expedition ; 
later reported to General Giltner, of Duke's (Morgan's old) 
Division, and with it was surrendered 'at Mount Sterling, 
Ky., April 30, 1865. Colonel Sebriug returned to Memphis 
and on June 30, 1866, was married to Miss Annie Perdue, one 
of Maryland's fair daughters who had been imprisoned in 
Memphis and subsequently banished South for her intense 
devotion to the cause of the stars and bars. They removed 
to Florida in 1873, where Colonel Sebring took a prominent 
part in reconstruction times and other affairs, and where he 
became Brigadier-General of State Militia in 1881. The gen- 
eral and his family removed to Memphis a few 3'ears ago. 

SNEED, J. WES., enlisted as captain of Company A, Sev- 
enth Tennessee Cavalry, May 16, 1861, and fought through- 
out the war; was wounded and mentioned for gallantry at 
Corinth by Colonel W. H. Jackson, October 5, 1862. (See 
Lindsley's Annals.) He went through the war to the end; 
eno^ao;ed in business here after the surrender ; suffered much 
from old wounds and delicate health and died many years ago. 

SNEED, JOHN L. T. The life of this eminent citizen, 
written out in full, would make many volumes of most enter- 
taining and instructive matter relating to the military annals 
and jurisprudence of the State. He inherited the intellectual 
vigor, suavity of manner, high moral tone and magnificent 
physique of illustrious ancestors. After tilling many positions 
of high trust and taking part in two wars, he is still in the 
prime of life, genial, industrious and cheerful, filling the posi- 
tion of Chancellor of the First Chancery Court of Shelby 
county, to which he was elected in August, 1894, by a vote 
that was practically unanimous, and as complimentary a pop- 
ular tribute as could possibly be expressed. He was born 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



281 




J NO. L. T. 8XEED. 

iu Raleigh, X. C, in the home of his grandfather, Hon. John 
Louis Ta^'lor, then Chief Justice, and for whom he was named. 
On the maternal side he is descended from Hon. Matthew 
Rowan, his great-grandfather, Judge Gaston, being a family 
connection. His father's ancestors, from England, settled in 
Virginia and soon after removed to Granville county, N. 0. 
Major Junius Sneed, his father, was for many years cashier 
of the State Bank of Salisbury, X. C. 

Receiving a liberal education, he came to West Tennessee 
when a young man, and soon became prominent at the bar 
and in politics, and was an officer in the Mexican war; after 
that was attorney-general for a number of years; was briga- 
dier-general in the Provisional Army of Tennessee in the late 
war and was in the service of the Confederacy nntil the end ; 
afterward was on the Supreme Bench for eight years ; resumed 
the practice of law in Memphis and also established a law 



283 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

school, which he coiidacted successfully until elected chan- 
cellor. He has been elector for the State-at-large on the 
Democratic ticket and held various other positions of honor, 
and whilst of distinguished lineage and bearing, he has always 
been essentially a man of the people, affable with all, and a 
charming, easy talker in whatever circle he is found. He was 
married years ago in the prime of early manhood to his pres- 
ent wife, but never had any children ; he is a good churchman, 
a generous giver to every worthy cause as far as his means 
will reach, and is loved alike by the rich and poor. An 
old-time Christian gentleman, he looks upon the sunny side 
of life, and by his example makes others happier and better, 
and with no class of people is he a greater favorite or more 
congenial than his comrades, the old Confederates. Upon one 
occasion, a dozen or more years ago, he delivered the annual 
address upon Confederate Memorial Day at Elmwood ceme- 
tery, a masterpiece of beautiful thought and pure English. 

SOUTHERLAND, JAMES, was born on December 24, 
1835, and came of distinguished Revolutionary ancestry, being 
descended from the old Virginia families of Pendleton, Clai- 
borne, Rives and Clayton. While still quite young he engaged 
in the mercantile business in Memphis, being thus occupied 
at the breaking out of the civil war. At the iirst call to 
arms he volunteered his services in defense of his country and 
was shortly made first lieutenant of the Blufi" City Grays 
under Captain Thomas F, Pattison. Captain Pattison's health 
failing, Lieutenant Southerland was placed in command of 
the company, which was engaged in many desperate conflicts, 
among them being the battles of Shiloh, Chickamauga, Mis- 
sionary Ridge and Franklin. Lieutenant iSoutherland bore 
himself with conspicuous gallantry on the field, and was noted 
for his daring bravery and his remarkable coolness under 
fire. He followed the fitful fortunes of the Confederacy from 
the first outbreak of hostilities until the closing scenes at 
Appomattox, At the close of the war he resumed his com- 
mercial life and was several years later married to Miss Imo- 
gene Latham, a daughter of F. S. Latham, one of the pioneer 
editors of Tennessee. Lieutenant Southerland died on Jan- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 28a 

uary 9, 1875, and is buried in Elmwood cemeteiy. One son, 
James, and three daughters, Iniogene, Katherine and Mary, 
survived liim. 

STOVALL, GEORGE A., was born in Green county, Ky.- 
came to Memphis when quite young in 1848. After Mem- 
phis fell he joined Company A, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry ; 
took part in the battle of Corinth and was in the raid to 
Holly Springs under Van Dorn ; was in the fight at Thomp- 
son's station; took part in operations around Jackson, Miss.,. 
and was in the Georgia campaign ; the company became the 
escort company of General VV. H. Jackson after Captain Wm. 
F. Taylor became colonel of the regiment ; after the surrender 
returned to Memphis and lives here yet. The company to 
which he belonged was made up mostly of Memphis boys, 
many of whom he still remembers and mentions in most com- 
plimentary terms : Captain (afterward Colonel) W.F.Tay- 
lor, Captain Henry Martin, John T. Hillsman, Mage Martin, 
Henry Bragg, Dick Ivey, Jo. and I. N. Rainey, Don. Dock- 
ery, of Hernando, Miss.; Clad, and Tell Selden, Foster Talley, 
Bruce Bow, \V. W. Shouse, Bill Rollins, of DeSoto county,. 
Miss. ; George Holmes and many others. 

STOVALL, \V. H., brother of the above, now of Stovall,. 
Coahoma county. Miss., went out as a lieutenant in the Beau- 
regards, with the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee 
Regiment, under General Preston Smith, and became adju- 
tant. He came to Memphis from Kentucky in 1855 and was 
practicing law with J. R. Flippin when the war began ; he 
married a daughter of Mr. J. W. Fowler ; went to Mississippi,, 
and is now (1896) a prominent planter near Coahoma ; he 
became a member of the Confederate Relief and Historical 
Association of Memphis August 12, 1869. 

STOVALL, JAMES R., a brother of the two named above, 
born in Greensburg, Green county, Ky. ; came to Memphis 
in 1854 or '55, and removed to Mississippi ; when the war broke 
out joined the Hickory Rifles, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth 
Tennessee Regiment ; was wounded at Shiloh and again at 
the battle of Franklin, where he was taken prisoner; came 
here after the war and soon died in Mississippi. 



284 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

TALLEY, W^M. F., enlisted in Shelby county, Tenn., in 
1861, in Captain Porter's independent company ; was cap- 
tured near Oxford, Miss., and sent jSTorth to prison ; he then 
returned to Yicksbur^ to be exchanged, but before reaching 
Vicksburg all exchange of prisoners had stopped, and the 
boat, loaded with prisoners, was sent back up the river. At 
Memphis he made his escape and rejoined his command. But 
his health and constitution had been destroyed by exposure 
and want while a prisoner, and he died just at the close of 
the war, aged 36 years. He was one of the four brothers 
alluded to in other sketches. 

TALLEY, FLETCHER H., was General Agent for the 
Memphis & Charleston Eailroad Company at Memphis at the 
beginning of the war. Upon the capture of the city in 1862 
he enlisted in Company A, Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, and 
served continuously until detailed for railroad service at Me- 
ridian, Miss., as agent. Upon the capture of Meridian by 
General Sherman he moved his office to Selma, Ala., where 
he continued until the capture of that place by General Wil- 
son. After the war he was re-employed by the M. & C. R. R. 
Co. as General Freight and Ticket Agent until his death in 
1871, being succeeded by the lamented Barney Hughes. 

TALLEY FOSTER D., was one of four brothers who 
entered the Confederate service from Memphis; saw -much 
active service and lived through the war, while two brothers- 
in-law, who married their sisters, never returned. F. D. Talley 
left the railroad service and enlisted in Company A, Seventh 
Tennessee Cavalry; was in the movement against Corinth in 
October, 1862 ; was with Van Born at Holly Springs, and 
under him when he was killed ; was under General Joseph E. 
Johnston around Jackson, Miss., and afterward on the Georgia 
campaign. After several days hard fighting on the New Hope 
Church and Ballas line he was detailed for railroad duty ajid 
stationed at Selma, Ala., until run out by Wilson's raid. His 
parole, which he still keeps, is dated Memphis, May 11, 1865. 
He has since been in business and has a home in Memphis. 
Joined the C. H. A. in October, 1896. 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 285 

TRASK, W. L., born in Jefferson county, Ky., in 1839, and 
identified with the western rivers and the sea in early life. 
He held a commission from Thomas Overton Moore, Gov- 
ernor of Louisiana, early in 1861, as Second Lieutenant of the 
Sumpter Grays, at New Orleans. In the early autumn of that 
year he commanded the sidewheel steamer Charm, serving; the 
Confederates at and about Columbus, Ky. At the battle of 
Belmont, jSTovember 7, 1861, the Charm was busy conveying 
troops, stores and ammunition from the Kentucky side to the 
Confederates, who were driven back to the bank of the river. 
The Charm was exposed to the fire of the enemy and was 
considerably torn by cannon shot. Several on board were 
wounded, but the vessel was kept to her work, carrying- 
wounded soldiers to the east shore and reinforcements to the 
western side of the river, until General Grant and his little 
army were driven from the field, the General leaving his mess 
chest, saddle horse and gold pen and other camp equipage in 
the hands of the Southerners. Captain Trask was permitted 
to write letters next day with the gold pen, and also to ride 
over the battlefield on the General's horse. None of the 
steamers in the combat were disabled, though several were 
considerably cut up. The masters of the vessels were compli- 
mented by General Polk in his report. After that Captain 
Trask commanded the Charm and the Prince in the service 
until the fall of Island No. 10, and on one occasion a fragment 
of a thirteen-inch shell from a mortar fell through the hurri- 
cane deck of his boat, making a straight line of holes through 
the cabin or boiler deck, the lower deck and on to the bottom 
plank of the hull, upon which it lodged without going through. 
As the Union forces moved down the river, planting heavy 
guns along the Missouri shore at intervals, the passing of the 
batteries by transport steamers proved a serious business. 
Captain Trask's boat run the gauntlet whenever it was deemed 
necessary. In May, 1862, the steamer Capitol, owned by the 
late Messrs. Bohlen, left this port with Ca[)tain Trask in 
charge, towing the unfinished gunboat Arkansas to a liaven 
of safety in the Yazoo. The feat of [jiloting so large a steamer 
as the Capitol, with a heavy and helpless gunboat in tow, up 



^86 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

the narrow and tortuous Yazoo, as far as Greenwood, then 
down again to Yazoo City, where the war vessel was finished, 
was regarded b}' practical river men as one of more than 
ordinary hazard and daring. This work was done by Captain 
Trask and a skilled Mississippi river pilot named John Hodges 
at the wheel, and without injury to the war ship. Soon after 
the boats that had sought refuge in the Yazoo, to the number 
of fifty or more, were scuttled, burned or otherwise destroyed. 
Captain Trask went to Kentucky with General Bragg, serving 
as Adjutant of Austin's Battalion of Sharpshooters, a com- 
mand of picked men from the Eleventh and Thirteenth Louis- 
iana Regiments. This command, under General D. W. Adams, 
formed the extreme left of the Confederate line of attack at 
Perryville, Ky., and while in advance of the entire line ot 
Confederates, as they fought with the Fifteenth Kentucky, 
the Tenth Ohio andLoomis Michigan Battery on their front, 
Wm. H. Lytle, a brigade commander of the Union forces, 
was taken by Adjutant Trask and one of his comrades. 
General Lytle was escorted to General S. B. Buckner, as a 
prisoner, by the adjutant, and General Buckner paroled him 
on the field. At Murfreesboro, and in the Atlanta campaign 
from Lalton to Lovejoy's station, Ga., including Resaca, New 
Hope, Kennesaw, Marietta, the Chattahoochee and the great 
combats in and around Atlanta the subject of this sketch bore 
a more or less conspicuous part, and made numerous escapes 
from very close calls. After the war he came to Memphis 
and engaged in business on Front Row, but soon became 
identified with the daily press, with which he has been con- 
nected almost ever since. He is a prominent Odd Fellow, and 
a solid, well-to-do citizen. 

WALDRAN, C. M., one of the boy soldiers of the war, 
was born February 27, 1846, about six miles east of Memphis ; 
he attended country schools until 14 years old; then was sent 
to the luka Military Institute. When Memphis fell, June 6, 
1862, he came home and in July, 1862, went south and ope- 
rated with independent scouts until January 1, 1863, when he 
was captured by a German company of Federals about eighteen 
miles from Memphis, on the Pigeon Roost road ; he remained 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 287 

in the Irving Block but three days and niglits, when he was 
released. On May 18, 1863, he left again for the army and 
joined Captain Flem. Sanders' company of scouts, with head- 
quarters at that time at Panola, Miss. ; served until November, 
1864, when his company was ordered by General Forrest to 
report to him at once ; joined General Chalmers and started 
on the Hood campaign ; surrendered with his company (L of 
the Eighteenth Mississippi Regiment) at Grenada, Miss., and 
was paroled May 18, 1865 ; has since lived in Memphis; was 
married February 15, 1876, to Miss Estelle Golibart of Balti- 
more, and they have six children. 

WHEATLEY, WILLIAM ARTHUR, was born in Mem- 
phis, Shelby county, Tenn., January 4, 1843, and educated at 
Randolph Macon College, Mecklenburg county, Ya.; in May, 
1861, he joined Captain Stockton Heth's infantry company, 
the Culpepper Riflemen, Thirteenth Yirginia Regiment (A. 
P. Hill's), Elzer's Brigade, Joe Johnston's Division, at Win- 
chester, Ya., and after the battle of Romney, in Yirginia, 
participated in the lirst battle of Manassas Jul}' 22, Sunday, 
1861, serving two years in the Yirginia campaign in the val- 
ley ; he joined a wing of X. B. Forrest's cavalry under Captain 
ISTed Sanders at Memphis, Tenn., in 1863, and fought at the 
battles of Corinth, luka, Courtland, Holl\' Springs and others, 
and on a thirty-da}- furlough went to iiis plantation in Carroll 
Parish, La., to refugee his slaves to Western Texas, having 
put a substitute in his place, and rejoined the Confederate 
army under his old commander. General E. Kirby Smith, of 
■Shreveport, La., and surrendered, and w^as paroled by General 
E. 0. C. Ord, LT. S. A., at Shreveport, La., in April, 1865, at 
final end of the war, October 1, 1867, Mr. Wheatley married 
Miss Elizabeth Bowen near Front Royal in the valley of the 
Shenandoah, Ya., and ever since has been in real estate busi- 
ness in Memphis, Tenn., and is also a United States com- 
missioner. 

WILKIXS, W. G., enlisted May 5, 1861, in Company B, 
Blufi City Grays, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee 
Regiment; took part in the battles of Belmont and Shiloh, 
-and was wounded the second day at the latter place; he was 



288 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

engaged in the battle of Richmond, Ky., August 31, 1862 : 
rejoined the main army in time to take part at Perryville ; 
was in the battle of Murfreesboro December 31, 1862, an'' 
also in the engagements there from January 1 to 4, 186 
The company was mounted Februarj^ 15, 1863, and placed i 
the Eleventh Tennessee Cavalry, commanded by Col. J. B 
Edmondson, their former captain. This company was throw 
in with a remnant of General Forrest's old regiment and or- 
ganized as McDonald's Battalion, and tks part of the Eleven 
Tennessee Cavalry ; took conspicuous part in the battle 
Chickamauga Se[)tember 18, 1868, (see Lindsley's Anuai 
p. 693), as well as in many other battles. At Tupelo th. 
battalion was recruited to a regiment commanded by Colon- 
Kelley, and designated as Forrest's Old Regiment. In thi& 
the company remained until the surrender. Mr. Wilkins was 
paroled at Gainesville, Ala., May 11, 1865 ; returned to Mem- 
phis and engaged in business; married a daughter of the late 
Judge J. T. Swayne, and has lived here ever since. 

WILKINS, CHAS. W., enlisted in the same company as 
his brother; served as corporal; was wounded at Murfrees- 
boro, and wounded and captured at Athens, Ala., in Septem- 
ber, 1864; was sent to Camp Chase, Ohio, and paroled just 
before the close of the war. Returned to Memphis, engaged 
in business, and died in 1870 ; never married. 

WILLIAMS, JA8. M., born September 1, 1841, four miles 
east of Bartlett, Shelby county, Tenn. Later his father, Esq. 
Hal Williams, settled two miles south of Brunswick, on the 
L. & N. R. R., where he was brought up on the farm, receiving 
a country school education, with the addition of two years, 
1859 and '60, at Shelby Military Institute, near Germantown, 
Tenn. He was the second child and only son of Heur}^ and 
Mary A. Williams, his father being a native of Pitt county, 
iS^. C. ; his mother, Mary A. Black, a native of Giles county, 
Tenn., near Pulaski. 

He enlisted June 2, 1861, and was one of the organizers of 
the Yancey Rifles, Captain R. W. Pittman, and was elected 
orderly sergeant of that company, and attached to the Thir- 



CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 



289 




J. M. WILLIAMS. 



teeiith Tennessee. In Jnne, 1862. at his own request, he was 
transferred by General Polk to cavalry service, and assisted 
in raisino^, mounting and equipping a company of cavalry in 
Shelby and Fayette counties, about 200 strong, commanded 
by Captain Ed. E. Porter of Menipliis. which became a part 
of Ballentine's Seventh Mississippi Cavalry Regiment, Arm- 
strong's Brigade. About six months before the close of the 
war this company, then only about thirty strong, was trans- 
ferred to Forrest's famous old regiment, which surrendered 
May 11, 1865, near Gainesville, Ala. 

He was, for the greater part of these three years of cavalry 
service, specially detailed with Captain Ad. Harvey's Scouts, 
which rendered valuable service to Generals Armstrong and 
W. H. Jackson. Being always well mounted, cool and delib- 
erate, but determined and fearless, he was among the first to 
respond to a call for a volunteer to undertake a daring and 
19 



290 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

perilous scout within the enemy's lines, and oftentimes in the 
enemy's camp. Harvey's Scouts and Armstrong's Brigade 
made a record that will yet be vivified by the historian's pen 
and will thrill the hearts of future generations. He was in many 
battles and skirmishes, including Shiloh, Guntown, Holly 
Springs, Raymond, Big Black, Natchez, Brandon, Selma, 
Dalton, Ringgold, Big Shanty, New Hope, Atlanta, Jones- 
boro, etc. He was slightly wounded once, captured once and 
sent to Camp Chase, but escaped and rejoined his command. 
He married Miss Sallie R. Wooten of Holly Springs, Miss., 
in 1872; has resided in Memphis since July, 1869; actively 
engaged in business since 1884, assisted by his son, Heber 
Williams, a promising young man of 20 years. He is prom- 
inently connected with several commercial, fraternal and be- 
nevolent organizations of the city of Memphis, and is well 
and favorably known ; takes life philosophicall}', never sees 
the dark side, is genial, social, and of a happy disposition ; is 
a member of the Confederate Historical Association, and an 
active member of Company A, Confederate Veterans of Mem- 
phis, being commissarj- of the company, and enjoys the honor 
and privilege of feeding the Veterans when in camp; is hale 
and hearty, and bids fair for many years to extend the warm 
hand of brotherly' love to his old comrades. 

WOOD, JACOB MABIE, born in New York City January 
21, 1845 ; resided in Memphis since 1858 ; enlisted in the May- 
nard Rifles, One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee; the 
company joined the regiment March, 1862; was wounded 
late Sunday evening at the battle of Shiloh ; received treat- 
ment in camp for two months; never entered a hospital; was 
in all the important battles of the Army of Tennessee: Mur- 
freesboro, Chickamauga, Richmond, Ky., Perry ville, Atlanta, 
Jonesboro, Franklin, Nashville, Missionary Ridge, Lookout 
Mountain, and was at the surrender at Greensboro, N. C, 
May 1, 1865 ; was senior officer in command of the One Hun- 
dred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee Regiment with twenty-three 
men at the surrender; arrived in Memphis May 26, 1865. 

While in camp at TuUahoma, Tenn., took a furlough for 
sixty days, instead of discharge (being under age) ; entered 



CONFEDERATE IIISTOHKJAL ASSOCIATION. 



391 




.lACOli M. WOOD 
In 1S(JS. 

the lines of Memphis disg-uised as a citizen and remained 
three weeks, long enougli to write home to his mother in 
New York and get a reply to his letters. It had been reported 
that he was killed at Perry ville ; to correct this was liis object 
in entering Memphis; he remained three weeks or until Gen- 
eral Hurlbut issued orders to hang all Confederate soldiers 
found in the city; drove out of the lines on tlie passport of 
Misses Fannie Jiallard and MoUie Noble as their boy driver; 
they lost their boy driver at Dr. Jos. Williams' residence, about 
three miles from the city, after loading him with smuggled 
clothing, etc., for the boys. He hid these in an old ox wagon 
and drove that night with these fast goers to Hernando, Miss., 
and thence to Grenada, and arrived at army headquarters, at 
Tullahoma, the day his furlough expired. After the war Mr. 
Wood entered the service of a large drug house on Main 
street, Mempliis, and has since become a partner and general 



293 SKETCHES OF SOLDIERS 

manager; he was married to Miss Blanche McConnell, daugh- 
ter of George McConnell, a noted architect, who drew the 
plans of the old St. Charles Hotel of New Orleans. Mr. and 
Mrs. Wood have two sons, Percy and Eugene. He is a direct 
descendant of the Knickerbocker stock that first settled in 
New York. His mother, Elizabeth Mabie, was born on Pearl 
street, in 1813, the farm of her parents running back to where 
the city hall now stands. Her father, Jacob Mabie, was born 
in Holland and came to this country in his youth. On other 
sides of the house Mr. Wood is of English and Scotch stock. 
In the war he illustrated the sturdy, enduring, patient and 
good-natured qualities of his ancestry, and it is the testimony 
of his late captain, E. A. Cole, still living, that he was at one 
time awarded a medal by a vote of his comrades as the most 
gallant and popular soldier of his company. The late Mrs. 
Sallie Chapman Gordon-Law, the " Mother of the Confed- 
eracy," in her little book, written in 1892, pays him a beau- 
tiful compliment on pages 13 and 14, one of which he and his 
family may ever feel justly proud. 

CARROLL, CHARLES MONTGOMERY, a native of 
Nashville, Tenn., born in 1821; chosen Colonel of Fifteenth 
Tennessee Regiment at Jackson, Tenn., in June, 1861. The 
soldiers of his command were mainly from Memphis and 
largely of Irish birth. The regiment moved to L^nion Cit}', 
marched thence to New Madrid, thence into Missouri some 
distance from the river, afterward operated about Columbus, 
Ky., and also participated in the action at Belmont, being a 
part of Cheatham's Brigade. Evacuating Columbus in Feb- 
ruary, 1862, the regiment marched to Humboldt, then to 
Lexington, and later to Purd}'. in time to take part in the 
two days' battle of Shiloh. Afterward, at Corinth, when the 
regiment was reorganized, at the expiration of its twelve- 
months service. Col. Carroll retired from the service. Col. 
Carroll, now in his seventy-sixth year, is a resident of Mem- 
phis. His father was the celebrated Carroll who led the 
Tennesseeans to victory on General Jackson's left on the 
plains of Chalmette. His grandfather emigrated to America 
from Ireland at the early age of 14 years. The mother of 
Colonel Carroll was a Montgomery, a niece of the Irish- 
American soldier who fell at the storming of Quebec in the 
winter of 1775. 

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