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Full text of "The old house and the Taylor-Livingston centenary"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01393 8649 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/oldhousetaylorliOOintayl 



THE OLD HOUSE 



AND 



The Taylor - Livingston Centenary 



BY 

EDWARD LIVINGSTON TAYLOR. 



FOR PRIVATE DISTRIBUTION 



COLCMBCS, OHIO : 

Press of The F. J. Hker Printing Co. 

19u7 



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David Taylor. 
July 24, 1801 — July 29, 18S9. 



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Margaret Livingston' Taylor. 
November 2, 1809 — February 12, 1895. 



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Abiather Vinton Taylor. 
March 25, 1783-1855. 



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THERE are some topics better fitted for the 
family circle than for the public at large, 
and the record of our immediate ancestors 
may be one of these; but pride in the. name of 
the race should, nevertheless, be cherished and 
made much of, and those conspicuous in the 
family annals for good thoughts and brave deeds 
should be favorite subjects of eulogy at the fire- 
sides of their descendants. It was the custom of 
our good Scotch-Irish grandfathers and grand- 
mothers to speak somewhat enthusiastically of 
the prowess of their chieftains and the daring 
achievements of their kinsfolk. The custom was 
a wise one. It not only transmitted a knowledge 
of events from one generation to another, but 
stimulated thought, brightened the intellect, and 
exerted a wholesome influence upon the race." 

— General John Beatty, 
Scotch-Irish in America, vol. 5, page 195. 







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THE OLD HOUSE. 

DY EDWARD LIVINGSTON TAYLOR. 

The building of a house in the wilderness of central Ohio 
as it was a hundred years ago, with a view of establishing a 
permanent family home, was an event of no little importance as 
it added material strength to the very few dwellings, the building 
of which had preceded it in time, and became at once a factor 
in the progress of civilization in the new country. 

In the fall of 1807 and the following winter, Robert Taylor 
constructed the now old framed house standing on the west bank 
of Walnut Creek in what is now Truro Township, Franklin 
County, Ohio. The building of this house at that time was the 
result of many causes and influences which may still be traced 
back with considerable certainty for three centuries, through 
all of which time one main and controlling principle prevailed 
over all others, and that was political freedom coupled with free- 
dom to worship and exercise religious faith and doctrine accord- 
ing to the conscience of the worshiper. This house is a remote 
but certain result of an heroic attempt to secure these God-given, 
inalienable and most precious of all human rights, to which in- 
telligent mankind most tenaciously clings. No people ever held 
to these principles more tenaciously than the Scotch Presbyteri- 
ans of the 17th century. 

The Taylor family, of which we have knowledge and with 
which we are concerned, had its origin in Scotland, but how far 
back in the centuries we do not know. Our knowledge of them 
begins with their exodus from the Lowlands of Scotland to the 
Province of Ulster, in the north of Ireland, in the early part of 
the 17th Century. The events and causes which led up to that 
migration are not at this distant day generally or as well under- 
stood as could be desired, and for this reason it is proper to make 
some reference to them here. 

13 



M 

In the early part of the 17th Century, about 161 1, when 
James the First was on the throne, there was rebellion of the 
native Irish population in the north of Ireland, particularly in 
the Province of Ulster, which was suppressed in a cruel man- 
ner. The principal towns were destroyed, the country laid waste, 
and the estates of the native lords sequestered to the crown. 
The portion of the country thus laid waste by the ravages of the 
war was and always had been the most neglected part of Ireland, 
and most of the native inhabitants were low in the scale of intel- 
ligence, scarcely, if at all, above the line of barbarity. The coun- 
try was in effect a waste of mountains, bogs and fens and almost 
entirely uncultivated. Following the suppression of this outbreak 
King lames desired to import Scotch and English Protestant 
emigrants into that country from Scotland and the north of 
England with the view that they might come to dominate the 
native Irish, population and in time bring them into higher con- 
ditions of intelligence and better modes of life. With this and 
other ends of political nature in view. King James the First 
encouraged the organization of a company in London which 
would take over the control and exclusive management of die 
countrv and send Protestant colonies to occupy the land. The 
company proceeded to apportion out the territory in allotments 
not to exceed two thousand acres. Xo allotments were made t ) 
native Irish Catholics, and as to them the lands were considered 
and treated as having been confiscated to the crown. There were 
but three allotments made to native Irish families and they were, 
in all probability of the Protestant faith. 

Emigration soon began and there was not in all Europe at 
that time a more intelligent and enlightened class of people than 
those who passed over to the north of Ireland and settled in that 
country. King James by royal mandate not only directed from 
what sections they should be selected, but also the kind and char- 
acter of persons to be selected, and as the historian John Fisk 
says "they were picked men and women of the most excellent 
sort.'" So rapidlv did the emigration progress that at the end 
of fiftv vears there were 300.000 Scotch and English settlers in 
the Province of Ulster, and within that time it had been trans- 



15 

formed from a wilderness waste into a garden and park-like 
country. It still remains, notwithstanding all the adverse legis- 
lation and other innumerable persecutions and oppressions of 
every kind, which the new settlers suffered, one of the fairest 
portions of Ireland. For two hundred years its people in their 
religious rights have been most unjustly dominated over by the 
English Church through its unsympathetic and too often corrupt 
and dissolute clergy, and in their civil rights most unjustly dis- 
criminated against. 

The London Company encouraged immigration and rebuilt 
the destroyed citadel on the banks of the Foyle and named it 
Londonderry. The old name of the town was Derry, meaning 
"the place of Oaks." The place so flourished and grew that in 
1689 it contained 27,000 inhabitants and all the surrounding 
country had grown and prospered likewise. In that year (1689) 
James the Second, returning from exile, landed in Ireland with 
the purpose of invading Scotland, his native country, and repos- 
sessing his native kingdom. He brought with him about 5.000 
French troops which the French sovereign loaned him for this 
purpose. James was a Catholic and had rightly counted on the 
support of the Irish Catholics in Ireland. The French troops 
were about the only disciplined soldiers in his army. There was, 
as James supposed there would be, a great uprising of the Irish 
Catholics which greatly swelled his army ; but before he could 
reach Scotland, the Protestant population in the north of Ireland 
had to be disposed of as a military necessity. The army invaded 
the Province of Ulster and laid waste the country, and began 
the siege of Londonderry, which was the principal town in the 
Province. This siege proved to be one of the most dreadful in 
all history. The army of James, except as to the French troops, 
was little or no better than a fierce mob. It was composed in 
most part of wild, ignorant and vicious natives of the soil, brutal 
and cruel by nature and actuated by religious fanaticism. Their 
hatred of the Scotch and other Presbyterian settlers amounted 
to madness, and nothing could be expected but in their madness 
every cruelty and every crime would be enacted. All that was 
fully realized as anticipated and was only to be met by the most 



i6 

determined resistence of which human nature is capable. In this 
instance all the powers of human courage and endurance were 
taxed to their utmost but did not fail or falter. 

The siege began in April and lasted until about the first of 
August. In the meantime all the surrounding country was over- 
run and plundered and largely devastated and the citizens sub- 
jected to every form of cruelty and torture and often put to 
death, so that, except as to the matter of food, those inside the 
citadel were in better state than those without the walls. Before the 
middle of June need of food began to be sorely felt by those within 
the citadel and relief from the English Parliament was anxiously 
looked for. On the 13th of June these hopes were raised to the 
highest tension by, the sight of a fleet of thirty sails in the Lough 
Foyle. The fleet was under the command of Major General 
Kirk; and besides an ample supply of food and ammunition it 
brought also 5,000 soldiers of the British army. Had Kirk done 
his duty the besieged people would have been saved from long 
weeks of the must intense suffering which human nature could 
endure ; but instead of coming up with his fleet to the besieged 
city as could easily have been done had he been a brave man, 
he turned and sailed away with his provisions and armed forces 
and took refuge for his fleet in Lough Swilly where he fortified 
the Island of Inch and left Londonderry and its besieged inhab- 
itants to their fate. Then indeed the suffering began. Every liv- 
ing animal and creature became articles of food and eagerly 
sought for. Xot only horse flesh, but horse blood was eagerly 
sought for at almost any price and the flesh of the lower and 
meaner animals also became food to be desired. A quarter of 
a dog brought five shillings; a dog's head two shillings, sixpence; 
a cat four shillings, sixpence; a pound of salted hides, one shil- 
ling ; a rat one shilling ; a mouse, six pence, and so on, for anything 
which might tend to prevent starvation, of which, in fact, many 
died. At last on the 2Sth of July, sails were again seen in the 
Foyle approaching the distressed city. One of the ships was the 
"Mountiov." Captain Micah Browning. Commander, whose ves- 
sel broke the '"boom" which had been placed in the river after 
Kirk had sailed away; and the other, the '"Phenix," Captain 



17 

Andrew Douglass, Master. They were convoyed by the British 
frigate "Dartmouth," commanded by Captain Leake. All of the 
vessels were fiercely bombarded all the way up the river, to 
which they made a brave reply. Captain Browning, but for 
whose courage the besieged were doomed, was killed. King Wil- 
liam afterward conferred a pension on his widow, and in open 
court placed a gold chain about her neck. It was about ten 
o'clock at night, July 28th, 1689, that the vessels with their ample 
loads of provisions anchored in the ship-quay, and the dreadful 
siege of Londonderry was ended. James' army lied away and 
his invasion was ended, which stands as one of the most dread- 
ful chapters in the historv of the Scotch race. 

i 

I 

After the siege the condition of the people of Ulster revived 

in a remarkable manner, agriculture flourished, the woolen and 
linen factories began to turn out fabrics of such fineness and 
superior quality that they were fast monopolizing the general 
' trade. So superior were they to the English manufactured goods 
that within ten years (169S) after the siege the English interests 
felt compelled to resort to the enactment of laws which would 
hinder and cripple the Scotch manufacturers so as to enable the 
English to compete with them, in the market for their goods. 
These manufacturing and trade disabilities greatly injured the 
Scotch interests in Ireland and threw many skilled artisans out 
of employment. In addition to their discomforts arising out of 
these trade disabilities about this time, a religious craze or mad- 
ness took possession of the adherents of the established church 
of England and most unreasonable and unjust religious disabili- 
ties were by enactment of Parliament imposed upon all Dissent- 
ers, which of course, included Scotch Presbyterians in Ireland. 
The Presbyterians of Scotland and England had for a century 
and a half held to certain doctrines of religious faith and forms 
of worship until they had become a part of their very being and 
they were now arbitrarily compelled to lay them aside and adopt 
new and hateful doctrines of faith and forms of worship. They 
were prohibited to have schools ; their clergymen were not rec- 
ognized as such and could not solemnize marriages, and if they 
did, the marriages were not considered valid ; their churches were 



i8 

not recognized as places of worship; they were compelled to pay 
tithes for the support of the Episcopal clergy ; their clergy 
were required to receive "ordination" and to consent to everything 
contained in the "Book of Common Prayer" and to abjure the 
"Common League and Covenant." In addition to these matters 
of religious faith and practices they were prohibited from holding 
any civil office above that of constable and so could not participate 
in the aministration of the civil government. By the year 1704 and 
even before that time these vicious and irritating disabilities were 
in full force and effect. For a time they were endured in the hope 
that reason and justice might return, but this proved false and de- 
lusive, and before the year 1718 they began to look about for some 
escape from their unhappy conditions, and their eyes naturally 
turned towards America. It so happened that just at this time a 
young man by the name of -Holmes, who had been in Massachusetts 
and New England, returned and gave such good accounts of the 
country that it was determined by a group of families to send" an 
agent of their own to spy out the land as to whether or not it 
woud be a desirable country in which to found a colony. The 
agent selected was the Rev. Mr. Boyd. An address was pre- 
pared directed to the Governor of Massachusetts which was 
signed by three hundred and nineteen persons, all signing their 
own proper names but thirteen who made their marks. When 
it is remembered that this list of names was made up from the 
body of the yeomanry and artisans then living in Ulster, it is 
certainly evidence of their high intelligence and enlightenment, and 
as John Fiske says, "Nothing like that could have happened at that 
time in any other part of the British Empire," and we may add 
that it is certain that it could not have happened in anv other 
part of Europe. Their agent, Mr. B'oyd, proceeded to Massachu- 
setts with the address thus signed, and after an interview with 
Governor Shute. who strongly encouraged the proposed migra- 
tion, returned a favorable report, and the colonists at once con- 
verted their property into money, and in five ships set sail for 
Boston, where they arrived on August 4th, 1718. This was the 
first colony of Ulster men to arrive in America from the north of 
Ireland, and was destined to be followed by a mighty tide of emi- 
grants throughout the next half century. 



19 

Up to this time the Scotch settlers in Ireland had been called 
"Scotch" and the native population "Irish.'' These were correct and 
natural designations, but about this time the emigrants to America 
came to be called Scotch-Irish. In so far as the term indicates that 
they were Scotchmen wh£ lived in and migrated from Ireland it is 
partiallv correct, but it has come to be and is now generally con- 
sidered as indicating an equal co-mingling of the two bloods. 
This is almost entirely erroneous, for in fact, there was but little 
Irish blood in the early emigrants. When, as before stated, the 
London Company allotted out the lands at the commencement 
of the Scotch settlement in Ireland, there were but three native 
Irish families who received allotments. These were undoubtedly 
Protestant families as no Catholics were given allotments of land. 
That there were marriages between the few Protestant Irish fam- 
ilies and the Protestant settlers may safely be assumed, and to that 
extent the Scotch and Celtic bloods were intermingled ; but this 
could not have effected anything like an equal diffusion of the 
bloods. As between the Scotch and native Irish Catholic population 
no marriages could have taken place. From the time of the first 
Scotch and English settlement to the time when the emigration to 
America began there never was or could possibly have been deeper 
hatred than existed between the two classes, both as to race and re- 
ligion : and it is safe to say that no intermarriages took place be- 
tween the two classes unless one or the other of the parties had first 
renounced their religious faith ; otherwise the clergy of neither 
class would perform the ceremony and this made such marriages 
impossible. Even in a case where one of the parties had changed 
their religious faith their sincerity was closely examined into ; 
and we have preserved to us the story of a young Irish lad who 
was a Protestant and desired to wed a Scotch lassie. It was ob- 
jected that he had been born of Catholic parents. The young 
man answered, that if he had been born in a stable he would not 
necessarily have always had to remain a horse — and his ready 
answer gained him his bride. But this kind of marriage was 
exceedingly limited, and during the three generations which 
passed from the time the Scotch first settled in Ulster to the time 
of the first emigration to America no Irish blood become 
diffused with the Scotch, except through the few Protestant 
families who were alloted lands as before mentioned. 



20 

Macaulay has left us a striking picture of this time. Re- 
ferring to the hostile feeling existing between the Irish Catholics 
and Presbyterians in Ireland, he says: '"'On the same soil dwelt 
two populations locally intermingled, morally and politically sun- 
dered ; the difference of religion was by no means the only dif- 
ference and was, perhaps, not even the chief difference which 
existed between them. They sprang from different stocks ; they 
spoke different languages ; they had different national character- 
istics as strongly opposed as any two national characters in Eu- 
rope. They were in widely different stages of civilization ; they 
had, therefore, but little sympathy between them; and centuries 
of calamities and wrongs had generated a strong antipathy." 

Dr. J. S. Macintosh, himself an Ulsterman, in his elaborate 
address before the Scotch-Irish Congress held in Pittsburg, May, 
1890, says: "It has been said that the Ulster settlers mingled 
and married with the Irish Celt. I speak, remember, chiefly from 
the period running from 1605 to 1741. . . The Ulster settlers 
mingled freely with the English Puritans and with the Refugee 
Hugenots, but so far as my search of state papers, old manu- 
scripts, examination of old parish registers and years of personal 
talk with and study of Ulster folk, the Scot didn't mingle to any 
appreciable extent with the natives. . . With all its dark 
sides as well as its bright side, the fact remains that the Ulster- 
man and Celts were aliens and foes." 

Professor A. L. Perry, of Williams College, Mass., in an 
address delivered before the same Congress, speaking of the first 
colony of emigrants that came to Massachusetts in 17 18, before 
mentioned, says: "A few families of native Irish also mingled 
in the throngs around the wharf, doubtless drawn by sympathy 
and attachment to take the risk of the Xew were neighbor? 
whom they had found trustworthy and hospitable in the Old. 
I only know for certain that the numerous Young family, consist- 
ing of four generations and the wife of Joshua Gray, of whom 
we shall hear pretty soon, were Celtic Irish." 

However, the emigrants who came to this countrv and now- 
called Scotch-Irish were by no means full blood Scots. On the 
contrarv, thev carried in their veins a verv considerable English 



21 

blood acquired from the English Presbyterians who went over tc 
Ireland from the north of England with the Scotch colonies and 
remained there and mingled with them during their sojourn in 
Ulster. 

Dr. Macintosh says: "Groups of these (English) Puritans 
dotted the whole expanse of Ulster and in a later hour when the 
magnificent Cromwell took hold of Ireland, these English colo- 
nists were reinforced by not a few of the very bravest and strong- 
est of the 'Ironsides.' To this very hour I know where to lay 
my hands on the direct lineal descendants of some of Cromwell's 
most trusted officers who brought to Ireland blood that flowed in 
the purest English veins." 

Later came the Huguenots fleeing from their religious per- 
secutions to which they had long been subjected. For many years 
they had been deserting their native countrys France and Ger- 
many, but in 1685, w\ten Louis the Fourteenth revoked the Edict 
* of Nantes, at least 500,000 Presbyterians took refuge in foreign 
countries. Many came to America and no small number sought 
refuge in Ulster, where the}- were well received and mingled in 
marriage with the Protestants of that Province and so added a 
new rich blood to the general stock. Other bloods were from 
time to time added, and so out of the co-mingling of these various 
bloods a new type of man was evolved, properly and rightly des- 
ignated the Ulster man, who was a marked modification of all 
the contributing races. This new type of race was not inferior 
to any race or class which at that time could be found in all 
Europe. 

Although the first colonists came to Massachusetts, no great 
number followed to that region. The tide was soon turned 
to Pennsylvania and Virginia. In one week in 1732, six ship 
loads landed at Philadelphia, and it is estimated that in 1770, 
one-third of the population of Pennsylvania was Scotch-Irish. 
It is also estimated that from 1730 to 1770 "at least half a mil- 
lion souls were transferred from Ulster to the .American colonies, 
making not less than one-sixth part of our population at the 
time of the Revolution." This so-called Scotch-Irish emigration 
may well be considered one of the most important of all the emi- 
grations that have reached this country, and no proper or correct 



22 

analysis or understanding can be made of its marvelous growth 
and development without taking it seriously into account. 

We have written this much to show who our ancestors really 
were and of what blood, bone and fiber they were made, and 
which they imparted to their descendants. When Robert and 
Mehetable Taylor entered the house built in the wilderness a 
hundred years ago, they and their children had not a drop of 
blood in their veins except that of the Ulsterman of Europe — 
the Scotch-Irish of America ; and into that house they brought 
with them the true and unquenchable spirit of liberty and the 
undefiled faith of their fathers. 



The first Colony from Ulster was landed at Boston August 4, 
1 7 18. Some of them located in Boston and some in other places, but 
the main body of the colony after investigating several places lo- 
cated at what was then called Xutrield, afterwards called London- 
derry, and now Derry, New Hampshire. Settlement was com- 
menced in April, 17 19, and such favorable reports found their way 
back to Ireland that soon quite a tide of emigration set in. and the 
number of Scotch- Irish emigrants rapidly increased at Nuffield 
and in various other parts of New England. It was in September, 

1721, three years after the departing of the first colon}-, that 
Matthew Taylor, the progenitor of the Taylor family with which 
we are concerned, sailed away from Londonderry with his young 
wife Janet, to join the colony in Massachusetts. On the 22d of 
September, 1721, while on the voyage over, their first child 
(John) was born. Matthew Taylor settled in Londonderry in 

1722. The next child born of the marriage of Matthew and 
Janet was Matthew, Jr., who was born October 10th, 1727, and 
from him the Taylor family with which we are concerned de- 
scends. In time he married a young woman at Londonderry by 
the name of Janet Archibald, who had four brothers, most re- 
spectable and honored citizens. Their names were respectively 
James. Thomas. Samuel and David. Soon after the close of the 
Old French War, Matthew, Jr., and his wife, and her four broth- 
ers, the Archibalds, removed from New Hampshire to Truro. 
Nova Scotia. This was about 1763-64. Truro is at the head of 



23 

the Ba*- of Funday. Six sons and two daughters were born of 
Matthew, Jr., and Janet Archibald. The fourth son, Robert, was 
born at Londonderry, New Hampshire, April nth, 1759, and 
was but three or four years old when his father and family re- 
moved to Truro, Xova Scotia. 

On the 6th day of December, 17S1, at the town of Truro, 
Robert Taylor was married to Mehetable Wilson, whose parents 
like his own were Scotch Presbyterians. Of this marriage there 
were born four sons and three daughters. Their sons' names 
were, in their order of age, Abiather Vinton, Matthew, James 
and David ; their daughters were, Margaret, Elizabeth and Susan. 
Other children were born of this marriage but did not survive 
to maturity. All the children were born in Xova Scotia. 

The next move of the family was from Xova Scotia to Ohio. 
The date at which this took place has usually been stated as in 
the summer of 1806, but there are some reasons for thinking 
that it was in fact a year earlier. I have heard my father say 
that he was but four years old at the time, and that when at Hal- 
ifax waiting for the vessel to sail, his older brother James carried 
him or helped him up to a kind of tower or elevated place where 
he saw the "'red coats" (English soldiers) parade, an incident 
which he always remembered ; but, be it as it may as to the date, 
they left Truro and proceeded by land to the sea con ;t at Hali- 
fax, a distance of about forty or fifty miles. When they were 
about to embark on a sailing vessel for Philadelphia and all the 
family effects were on board and the vessel soon to sail, it be- 
came necessary for the father of the family to return to Truro 
to adjust some matters which would detain him beyond the sail- 
ing of the vessel. As there was then in port a fa f .t sailing vessel 
which was not to leave for some days, but which was expected to 
reach Philadelphia in advance of the one the family was on, it 
was arranged that the family should proceed as intended, and 
he would take the fast sailing vessel and be in port at Philadel- 
phia in advance of them. But it so turned out that the vessel he 
was to sail on met with heavy head winds and fearful storms 
which greatly hindered and delayed her and drove her far out of 
her course, so that the family reached Philadelphia long in ad- 



24 






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Mehitaule Taylor. 
Born February 19, 1765. 



25 

vance of him. Not wishing to delay they purchased two suitable 
wagons and good horses for each, and placing the effects in the 
wagons, began the long journey to Ohio. Vinton, the oldest son, 
was then twenty-two years of age, and Matthew twenty, and they 
drove the wagons on the way while the mother managed and 
directed the expedition. When Wheeling was reached the fam- 
ily, all but Vinton and Matthew, went upon a '"keelboat" and 
floated down the Ohio to Portsmouth at the mouth of the Scioto, 
which they reached in due time without accident or mishap. Two 
years prior to this two older brothers of the father had come to 
Ohio and settled at Chillicothe, and when their brother's family 
arrived at Portsmouth, they took their teams and wagons and 
brought them to Chillicothe. The wagons having been lightened 
at Wheeling of the family and most of their effects, Vinton and 
Matthew proceeded with them through the wilderness to Chilli- 
cothe, following the old Zane trail. They reached Chillicothe 
nearly the same time as the mother and children, and only a few 
days in advance of the father of the family. - 

When grandfather reached Philadelphia after his long delay 
at sea, he found the family had preceded him by some time, and 
so he purchased a good horse and followed as fast as he could, 
hoping to overtake them on the way, but he did not reach Chil- 
licothe until a few days after the rest of the family had arrived 
there. The journey had been long and tedious, but they all ar- 
rived in Chillicothe in good health and condition, and the family 
which had separated on the far-off coast of Nova Scotia in July 
was again united in September in the vallev of the Scioto. It 
was probably well that grandfather was delayed as he was by ad- 
verse winds and storms at sea. for as my father and grandmother 
told me often that when he got into the wild and sterile regions 
of the Allegheny Mountains he greatly reproached himself for 
bringing his family into such a sterile and forbidding country, 
and that if he had been with them he certainly would have turned 
back and sought a location elsewhere than in Ohio; so if the ves- 
sel had had fair sailing instead of storms and adverse winds, the 
present old house never would have been built and this narrative 
would never have been written. 



26 

The family remained at Chillicothe for about two years, but 
their stay there was uneventful except that the younger children 
during that time, had the advantage of good schools ; which ad- 
vantage they were not to have after their removal to Franklin 
County, where the education of the younger children devolved 
entirely upon their father and mother, both of whom, fortunately, 
were well educated people, and zealous to give their children the 
best education in their power. 

In 1S07 it was determined to build a house on the lands 
which grandfather owned on Walnut Creek, in what is now 
Truro Township, Franklin County, and so in the fall of 1807, 
carpenters and workmen were brought up from Chillicothe and 
work was begun and finished in that fall and winter. On the 
spot where it was desired to build the house there had long been 
an Indian camp, which the Indians occupied in their fall and 
winter hunting and trapping. They had a hut which stood about 
a rod south of where the house was built, and the workmen occu- 
pied it during the time they were building the house. The In- 
dians readily moved their camp to a point about one mile north, 
just at the mouth of a short but deep ravine, which opened into 
the bottom lands of Walnut Creek, about three or four hundred 
vards north of the present line of the National road. The land 
where the camp was established was subsequently acquired by 
my father and is now owned by Henry C. Taylor. There is a 
good spring just at the mouth of the ravine, and the camp was 
but a few rods from the bank of the creek itself. Here they made 
their hunting and trapping home every fall and winter until 1819 
or 1820, when so many settlers came into the country as to make 
crame scarce and they abandoned the location and came no more 
to hunt in that vicinity, but for several years they had been the 
nearest neighbors of the family and always friendly with them. 
This friendly relation was not disturbed by the War of 1S12, as 
the Wyandot Indians of Ohio did not engage in it, but remained 
at peace and pursued their usual-avocations. 

I may diverge here to say that at that point the bottom land 
was mostly covered with large sugar trees, and after we removed 
to the new house on the National road ( 1843 ) a sugar camp was 



27 

established and maintained there for several seasons. A shelter 
house or shed for sheltering those engaged in the sugar making 
was built on the very spot where the last Indian camp in that 
vicinity had stood. Such a house or shed was necessary to shel- 
ter those engaged during the time the sugar making went on; 
which was in the months of February and March. Xone but the 
older people now know what a sugar camp was, or anything of 
the process of taking the sap from the trees and reducing it to 
syrup and sugar ; but there were many such camps during all 
the early years of the settlement of the cb'untry and the "product 
was largely and in most cases entirely depended upon for the 
settler's supply of sugar and syrup. 

But to return to the old house. The family came to occupy 
the house in March, 1808. It seems to have been an early spring, 
as my father often stated the spice bushes and other bushes and 
trees were quite green, with their new leaves ; a condition which 
he had seldom since observed. The entire family came, consist- 
ing of those before mentioned. Vinton was then twenty-four 
years of age and Matthew twenty-one. James was somewhat 
younger, but old enough to be of great help in any work required, 
the first and most important of which was to prepare the land 
for cultivation. Every year the area of cleared land was added 
to and enlarged until within a few years quite a farm was in cul- 
tivation. Game was plentiful and somewhat relied on for use 
in the domestic economy of the family. None of the Taylors 
were much inclined to hunting, but they killed the game when 
necessary, and were always during the early years on the lookout 
for wolves and other troublesome prowlers of the forest. Wolves 
seemed at first to be more numerous than they reallv were. They 
could be heard almost every evening howling in different direc- 
tions from the house, and seemed to be in considerable numbers 
at each point, but it was soon learned that a few wolves might 
be making the noise of what seemed to be many. One of the 
points from which the dismal howls came nightly was but just 
a short distance west of the house. One evening Vinton hap- 
pened to take the gun and walk out in that direction with a view 
to killing a deer. When he had gone but a few minutes the 



28 

report of the gun was heard, and he came back dragging behind 
him a large wolf. No more howling was heard from that direc- 
tion, and it was concluded that this one had been making- at 
least a great part of the hideous noise which had annoyed them. 
When the snows came it was further discovered that in places 
from which the bowlings of the wolves came, seeming to be many 
of them but few tracks was found in the snow. My mother 
(Margaret Livingston) also told me that at her father's house on 
Alum Creek, where she was born (November, 1809;, they had 
the same experience, and that as a girl she dreaded the howlings 
of the wolves and never could avoid a feeling of dread when she 
heard them. The howl of the big timber wolf was surely the 
most melancholy and hideous of all sounds which any of the ani- 
animals of the forest gave forth. The experienee of the family 
was that the wolves did but little damage beyond the occasional 
catching of a pig; but a pig was always safe as long as it was 
near the mother sow or the fierce boars of that day, alwavs near 
at hand, for they could easily and quickly put to route any wolf 
or pack of wolves which were likely to be together in that vicin- 
ity. The wood's hogs of that day were exceedingly tierce and 
courageous in the defense of their young against all enemies. 

The black bear which was the most formidable of all animals 
to be found in the Ohio forests at that time, was not found in 
any considerable numbers in the vicinity of the old house. In 
fact, I never heard of but the fewest number being killed in all 
that region and they were not all authentic. The reason for this 
is probably found in the fact that every winter foi an unknown 
number of years, the Indians maintained their hunting camp at 
the spot where the old house was built, and as they were experts 
in discovering ''bear trees," that is, the trees wherein the bears 
had taken up their winter quarters, and as their skins or pelts 
were of great use to them for clothing and their meat for food, 
they were hunted very close, and were so kept scarce in the range 
of their hunting- grounds. This theory is strongly confirmed by 
the fact that only one authetic account of the killing of a bear in 
that vicinity which I have ever heard was some years after the 
Indians had ceased to hunt in that locality. I never heard of a 
molestation or depredation of any kind suffered by the family 



2 9 

in person or in property in those early days, although they always 
felt that they were liable to it. 

The most serious annoyance to which the early settlers were 
subjected by any of the animals of the forest was the squirrels. 
At first they were not abundant, but as the openings in the forest 
increased, they greatly multiplied in number and became a serious 
menace to the growing crops, especially the corn, requiring war 
to be made upon them to preserve the crops from at least partial 
destruction. There were, two periods in the crop growing sea- 
son when they were destructive, and that was in the planting sea- 
son, when they would dig up the newly planted grains of corn, 
and again in August and September, when they would eat the 
maturing ears of the growing corn while it was in its succulent, 
commonly called "roasting ear" state. So greatly had they in- 
creased that it became necessary to make a general war of ex- 
termination upon them in all parts of the county, and so, on 
August 29, 1S22, a call was issued and published in the Colum- 
bus Gazette, which was headed. "Grand Squirrel Hunt," the first 
sentence of which was as follows : "The squirrels have become 
so numerous in the country as to threaten serious injury, if not 
destruction, to the crops of the farmers during the coming fall." 
The call was signed by Ralph Osborn, Gustavus Swan, Christian 
Heyl. Lucas Sullivant, Samuel Flenniken and John A. Mc- 
Dowell. This committee appointed two captains for each town- 
ship to manage the hunt for their respective townships. Abiathar 
Vinton Taylor and Capt. John Hanson were the captains ap- 
pointed for Truro Township. The hunt was had according to the 
instructions of the committee and the result was that ninteen 
thousand, six hundred and sixty-three scalps were produced, and 
the report says "it is impossible to say what number in all were 
killed, as a great many of the hunters did not come in." The 
squirrels continued to be an annoyance to the farmers for many 
years thereafter, but now they are numerous in the city of Co- 
lumbus and treated as pets and wards of the city, while there are 
none, or scarcely, none to be found in the country, outside of the 
citv. 



30 

It is not without interest to recall something of the future 
of those who first came to live in the old house, and went out 
therefrom to take up the serious duties of life and usefulness for 
themselves. 

Grandfather Robert Taylor was horn, as before mentioned, at 
I^ondondeevy, New Hampshire. April nth, 1759, and was buried 
in the Truro church graveyard in the rear of the Truro church 
March 17th, 182S. He was forty-nine vears old when he came to 






v <> 



\l. ■■■ - 



- - • . - ■ ■■ 



i"- 






; 







House luilt pa - David Taylor, 1820. 



live in the new house, and sixty-nine years old at the time of his 
death, so that he occupied the house and exercised his energies in 
developing his lands surrounding it for more than twenty vears. He 
was truly a pioneer of Franklin County, and when Truro Town- 
ship was established in 18 10 he had the honor of naming it, and 
named it after the town of Truro in Xova Scotia from which he 
came. He was a large, strong and energetic man. and well fitted 
to contend with the hard conditions of pioneer life. He led a 
useful and upright life and exercised a beneficial influence over 



3.i 

the community in which he lived and died. lie was Scotch- 
Irish in blood and a Presbyterian in religion. 

But what will we say of that grand old character Mehetable, 
his wife and widow, who was born February 19, 1765, and was 
married to Robert Taylor at Truro, Nova Scotia, November 6th, 
1 78 1. ami through all the uncertainties attending and facing her 
courageously left her home and birthplace in Nova Scotia for a 
home in the wilderness of Ohio, then inhabited by a race which 
we call and which was then called savages? What a sterling and 
brave character this venture required. The wonder at such 
courage and devotion to what she deemed a duty to herself and 
her family increases a hundred fold when it is remembered that 
she had then living no less than eleven children, five of whom 
were under twelve years of age. Under those circumstances 
the long hard journey to Ohio was a most serious undertaking 
and would, to a woman of the present age, be simply appalling. 
She was at that time forty-one years of age, but lived to see the 
house built in the wilderness, and the Indians and forests disap- 
pear and her children grown to manhood and womanhood, and 
died at the great age of ninety-four. She was mistress of the 
old house for more than twenty years before her husband's 
death, and then continued to live there for a few years after- 
wards, and when she desired to give up housekeeping, the doors 
of three good houses and homes were opened to her within half a 
mile of her house. Her oldest son, Abiather Vinton, then lived 
in a commodious house within a hundred yards of the old house, 
and Matthew, the second son. was likewise situated a quarter 
of a mile away, and David, (my father), at the same distance 
in the other direction. She chose to come to live with my father. 
She was honored and respected in a high degree bv her children 
and grandchildren and lived to see all of her own children buried, 
except the youngest son. David, and Susannah, the youngest 
daughter. 

When her oldest daughter, Elizabeth (Mrs. John Long) 
died, she was greatly grieved, for this daughter had been a con- 
solation to her throughout life and during her last years 
often came to see her and spend the day with her which greatly 



32 

lightened the days which were burdening her. Elizabeth, who 
was always affectionately called "Aunt Betsey," was an intel- 
lectual, dignified, kindhearted and altogether superior woman. 
She preceded her mother to the Truro graveyard, where they 
both now rest, but a few years, and I somehow have yet in my 
mind a lingering impression that grandmother was willing and 
ready, if not anxious, to be relieved of the burden of her long 
years of life and to be at rest beside her daughter and others 
of her family who had preceded her. 



■ - 
- 

■ 





...... 






b 


1 




. ^. 


\ 



* 






,-,,^~ &&*&&#* ; i ....... . 

House built by David Taylor, 1843. 

I do not know at what time grandmother came to live in my 
father's family, but it was several years before I was born. I 
was eighteen years of age when she died, and it now seems almost 
strange that I should have lived so many of my early years under 
the same roof and in the same family with a person born one 
hundred and forty-two years ago. By this single relation I am 
carried back to the middle of the Eighteenth Century, almost a 
hundred and fifty years. What a privilege it was to live for 
eighteen years in daily contact and association with a person of 



33 

such unusual intelligence and high character, whose life and 
memory went back to such a remote period. She was seventeen 
years of age when the Revolutionary War was closed and 
twenty-four years of age when Washington became President 
of the Xcw Republic. At that time she had been married and 
was the mother of three children, all of whom I came to know 
well, and to meet almost daily in my early years. It seems to 
me now a strange fact which I can but imperfectly realize that 
I knew and was so nearly related to by blood and constant asso- 
ciation these four persons who were living when this now great 
American Republic was born. Grandmother was not only well 
versed in all the history of her time, but her information reached 
far back for two or three generations before her — back to old 
Ulster and the formative period of the Ulsterman. She often 
talked about the Siege of Londonderry and of the life and expe- 
riences of her forefathers in Ireland, of which she had a great 
traditional knowledge. I was always a ready and more than 
willing listener while she talked of those old times and affairs ; 
and I can now see her as of yesterday with her white lace cap on 
her venerable head and her half knit stocking in her busy hands 
plying the knitting needles with deftness even at her great age. 
The spirit of industry and effectiveness seemed to have been born 
with her and stayed with her and animated her throughout her 
entire life. 

When she died (October 8, 1857) I was away at college, 
and when I received a letter from my mother telling me of her 
death and burial, there was far more than a film of moisture in 
my eyes ; and when I returned home and went into her old room 
where she had lived so long (to this day called "grandmother's 
room") and saw her old arm chair vacant, I felt the full force 
of the fact that the most venerable and venerated person that I 
had ever known had passed away. She was buried in the old 
Truro graveyard by the side of her husband and several of her 
children, who had preceded her to that resting place, and there 
she and they still repose. It is now just fifty years since she was 
laid to rest and but few persons are now living who knew her in 
life, and thev soon will be at rest like herself. 



34 



ABIATHER VINTON TAYLOR AND FAMILY. 

The oldest of the children of grandfather's family was Abi- 
ather Vinton Taylor, born at Truro, Nova Scotia, March 25, 1783. 
I can recollect him back as far as my recollection of this life 
goes, and that is to about 1842 or 1843. He was then about 60 



" v. . ■ n&*, 

if I 







* 






Eliza Nelson (Taylor) Sharp. 

years of age, with a heavy growth of white hair covering his 
massive head. He was a large, broad-shouldered, dignified, 
kindhearted man, and one of the handsomest and most imposing 
old gentlemen that I have ever known. 

He had received his education before leaving Truro. Nova 



1719280 

35 

Scotia, and was easily the most accomplished man in learning 
and acquirements of the settlers of his time in the vicinity in 
which he lived. He helped to build the old house and lived there 
until he was married, when he built his home near by, in which 
he lived until the time of his death. Like his forefathers, he 
was a Presbyterian in religion and one of the principal founders 
of the Truro Presbyterian Church, of which he was an elder until 
the time of his death. 

He had six children that arrived at maturity, viz., Elizabeth, 
Sarah, Peter, William, John and Ann. 

Elizabeth married about 1842, but soon died, leaving no 
children. 

Sarah, the second child, was born March 6, 1820, and was 
married to Robert Fletcher Burt, November 7. 1843. Tne y lived 
to celebrate their golden wedding, but are now both dead. I was 
present at their wedding and was invited to their golden wed- 
ding. Mr. Burt died May 15, 1895, and his wife, Sarah, April 
6, 1905. Two sons are living born of that marriage — William 
A. Burt, living in the city of Columbus, and Frank C. Burt, liv- 
ing in the city of Cleveland, Ohio, both men of intelligence and 
high character. 

Peter W. Taylor, the third child and oldest son, was born 
about 1825. and about 1850 he was married to Miss Frank Lang- 
worthy. He became a major in one of the Ohio regiments and 
served in the War of the Rebellion. After the war he removed 
to Illinois, and after that, to the State of Kansas, where he died 
about 1895. He left a widow and three children, two of whom 
survive. They all now reside in Cincinnati, Ohio. 

R. W. Taylor, the fourth child and second son, was born 
January 21, 1828, and died October 4, 1863. About the year 
1855 ne married Miss Matilda Chain, and for a time lived in the 
old house which he inherited from his father and which he subse- 
quently sold with the farm on which it was located, to my father, 
as also the house his father had built, with the land adjoining, 
and went to live at Pekin, in the State of Illinois, where he died. 
He left a widow and two children, Beulah C. and Fletcher Vin- 
ton. Beulah died March 21, 1892. She was never married. 
Fletcher Vinton was born November 13, 1862, and is now living 



36 

in the city of Columbus. On October 20, i88 r >, he married Miss 
Addie E. Pugh, and two children have been born to them, Gladys 
E. and Arthur Robert, both now living. 

John, the youngest son, died about 1855. Fie was never 
married. 

Ann, the youngest child, married a gentleman by the name 
of James Ramsden, who lived in Philadelphia. He died some 
thirty or more years ago, leaving a widow and several children. 
The widow has lived in Philadelphia from the time of her mar- 
riage. She is the only one of Abiathar A niton's children now 
living. All of his children, like himself and his ancestors, were 
of the Presbyterian faith in religion. 

MATTHEW TAYLOR AND HIS FAMILY. 

Matthew Taylor, the second son, was born June 18, 1785. 
He helped in the construction of the old house and came with the 
family to live in it. He also helped actively in the clearing of 
the land and reducing it to cultivation. On June 20, 1810, he 
married Miss Martha Crawford, and soon thereafter built his 
house on the bank of Walnut Creek, about a half mile south from 
the old house, where he lived until his death, June 2, 1856. He 
was a man of high character and much influence in the commu- 
nity in which he lived. 

There were born of his marriage four children ; Robert, the 
oldest, was born August 2, 18 12. At an earlv dav he removed 
from Franklin County to the State of Iowa, where he lived until 
the time of the Civil War, when he enlisted in the 37th Iowa 
Regiment. At that time he was far past middle life, and the reg- 
iment was composed largely, if not entirely, of men of near his 
own age. It was called the "'gray-beard" regiment. He survived 
the war and died October 19, 1890, at an advanced age. 

James, the second son, lived in the house with his father 
while he lived and continued to occupy the residence until he 
died, which was November 20, 1886. There were four children 
born to him. the first of whom was John W.. born Tune 2, 1842. 
In July, 1862, he enlisted in the 95th Ohio Regiment and served 
with the regiment until the 6th of July, 1863. when he died at 



37 

Vicksburg, Mississippi, two clays after the surrender of that 
stronghold of the Rebellion. I saw and talked with him only a 
few moments before he died and there was then no thought of his 
dying. The eause was evidently heart-failure. He was con- 
sidered one of the finest looking soldiers in the Regiment. 






. 






■ 



-x 



i- 




Robert Nelson Taylor. 



Matthew Harvey, the second son was born October 4, 1845, 
and is still living. On February 10, 1874, he was married to 
Alice Bell Lonnis and two daughters were born of that marriage, 
Cornelia May and Lucy Lonnis. The former is now Mrs. Pfeifer 
and the latter is unmarried and lives at home with her parents. 
Their home is in the city of Columbus. 



3§ 

Laura, the only daughter of James Taylor, was born 
November 20th, 1847, and died in September, 1893. She was 
married but left no children. James Francis, the third son and 
youngest of the family, was born April 9, 1851. He was married 
to a Miss Goble and lives in Fairfield County. 



■ 



0* 






i. . 



■ 

■ i 




,<">.- 









David Taylor, Jr. 



David W. Taylor, the third son of Matthew Taylor, married 
a Miss Ann Chester about 1S50. and soon thereafter removed to 
the State of Iowa, where they both have since died. 

Julia Ann. the youngest child and only daughter of Matthew 
Taylor, was born June 3. 1827, and died February 9. 1901. She 



39 

was a highly educated woman and gave her active life to edu- 
cational work. 

Elizabeth Taylor, the oldest daughter of my grandparents, 
Robert and Mehetable, was born May iy, 17SS. Not long after 
the family came to occupy the old house, she was married to 
John Long, who came with his brother Robert from Nova Scotia. 
Both these brothers were well educated and excellent young men. 
and like the Taylor family, were Scotch-Irish Presbyterians. He 
obtained land on the east side of Walnut Creek, just opposite the 
old house, and lived there until he died, which was about 1S50. 
There were born of the marriage three children, Wilson, Caro- 
line and Newton, all of whom went to the State of Illinois about 
1S54, where they prospered and where their children have pros- 
pered. 

Margaret Taylor, the second daughter of Robert and Me- 
hetable, married Robert Long, a brother of John before men- 
tioned, about 18 1 5. He died about 1830, leaving four sons, 
namely, Edward, Robert. Henry and George. All of them but 
Plenry went, or rather started, for California in the early years 
of the gold excitement ; but Robert was drowned near Ogden, 
Utah, while crossing a river, leaving a wife and two or three 
children, who were cared for and taken on to California bv others 
in the expedition. None of the Longs tarried long in California, 
but within a few years went to live at Portland, Oregon, where 
they all prospered and became influential people. Henry, the 
third son. remained in Franklin County, where he died about 
twenty years ago. He was throughout life an honorable man and 
much respected citizen. 

James Taylor, the third son of Robert and Mehetable. was 
born at Truro, Nova Scotia, November 2?, 1795. He also helped 
to build the old house and clear the land about it. He acquired 
land on what is now East Broad Street, about five miles east of 
the State House in Columbus. He built thereon the first framed 
house on the line of that mad between Alum Creek and Walnut 
Creek, which house is still standing. He soon sold his house and 



40 

lands and established a home in Morrow County. He died about 
1855, leaving several children, all well educated and possessing 
strong religious tendencies. One of his sons became a minister 
of the Gospel and has led a very useful life. 




■ ■•- ■*- ■ — "*-' - ■—-..«■— .— ~ -- — -- 





•■"*-' • ■■v* 






J 



S 






Edward Livingston Taylor. 



DAVID TAYLOR AXD HIS FAMILY. 

David Taylor, the fourth son (my father), was born at 
Truro. Nova Scotia, July 24, 180 1, and was one of the' family 
who came to live in the old house in 1808. and lived there until 
he was married to Miss Nancy T. Nelson in 1826. Two children 
were born of that marriage, Eliza X. and Robert X. Their 
mother died in [83?, and in May, 1830, he was married to Mar- 



41 

garet Livingston (my mother), of which marriage six children 
were horn, namely, David, Edward Livingston (the writer), 
Mary Cornelia (now Mrs. Thomas Hibben), Henry C, Martha 
Wilson (now Mrs. Samuel Lee), and Margaret Livingston, the 
present owner of the old house about which we have been writ- 



M 



^s^-^v.. 




. 



Mary Cornelia (Taylor) Hiebex. 

ing. All the children of David Taylor are living except Eliza, 
the oldest, who died April 23d, 1904. His death occurred July 
29th, 1839. 

SUSANNA AND HER FAMILY. 

Susanna (Mrs. Gilbert Green), the youngest of the family 
of Robert and Mehetable Taylor, was born at Truro. Nova Sco- 



42 

tia, April i8, 1804, and was but a child when the family came to 
Ohio. About 1830 she was married to Gilbert Greene and lived 
all her life on the farm in Truro Township, not more than a mile 
from the old house. There were four children born of that mar- 
riage, Mary, John C, Elizzabeth and Merwin. The last named 
is the only one now living. 

The most distressing incidence that happened to the family 
in the early years of occupancy of the old house was that of 
Susan, the youngest child being lost in the woods. It happened 
when she was about nine or ten years old. She went a short 
distance from the house with a view of picking some berries, and 
as it was already towards evening, dusk and darkness came on 
before she realized it, and in her alarm at the darkness she ran 
as fast as she could, as she supposed, towards home, but evidently 
in a wrong direction. Her loss was soon discovered, and all the 
members of the family quickly went in search of her but failed 
to find her that night. They were greatly alarmed and gave notice 
to the few settlers within reach, and in the morning all were in 
the woods in eager search for the lost child, but the day passed 
without result. In the meantime the news reached the settlers 
along Alum Creek and on the second day the number of searchers 
was much increased, but even then there were but few consider- 
ing the vast extent of forest to be traversed and searched over. 
The second day, ended as the first, without results or even the 
faintest trace of the child, and fear began to be entertained that 
she was no longer living. The third days' search began with an 
augmented number of searchers, even several women joined in 
the search, but still the number seemed small in such an 
emergency. Among them was Robert Nelson, who lived on Alum 
Creek just east of the present city of Columbus, and where his 
descendants still reside. He had been in the woods all the day 
before and was early out again in that part of the woods in 
which the child was known to be. After wandering several hours, 
he happened to see a deer quietly feeding, which had not ob- 
served him. and as he had his rifle with him he undertook to ap- 
proach the deer by keeping in Vuw with a large tree which stood 
between them, and when he reached the tree, he was amazed to 



43 

find the child in a profound sleep at its foot. He quietly aroused 
her and found that beyond being badly scratched with briars and 
bushes and almost entirely denuded of clothing, she had suffered 
no serious injury. He quickly took her to the nearest house, 
which was some considerable distance away in the woods where 
she was cared for, and, as soon as possible, taken to her home and 
restored to her family. The place where she was found was about 
one-half mile east of Alumn Creek and about one mile east of the 
present County Infirmary, and about four miles from her home. 
She had, each day, found berries in the woods which she ate and 
which tended greatly to preserve her strength. She, also, each 
day, found water with which she quenched her thirst. Years 
afterwards, I talked with her about her unfortunate experience, 
and she told me that each day she heard voices of persons seek- 
ing for her but none of them came within her sight except one 
day when she heard a voice wich she knew to be that of her 
brother David (my father), and saw him passing not far from 
her. She tried to call to him but could not make herself heard 
and he soon passed out of sight. She then followed in the di- 
rection in which he had gone, but neither saw nor heard more of 
him. This was the most exciting incident of "lost child" that 
ever occurred in the vicinity and it long continued to be a matter 
of conversation at the evening firesides of the old settlers. 

We have now made brief mention of Robert and 
Mehetable Taylor and of the several children which they 
brought with them into the old house a hundred years ago and 
who lived to maturity, married and brought up families all 
in Truro Township and near each other, and it is not too much 
to say that the influence of each was for good in the community 
in which they lived, and that all of them were respected and hon- 
ored citizens. 

And it may be further said without being charged with over 
much or more than excusable family pride, that as to the children, 
the grandchildren and the great grandchildren of Robert and Me- 
hetable Taylor throughout the hundred years that have passed 
since they brought their family into the house in the wilderness, 
none of them have fallen into degeneracy or brought disgrace 
upon their ancestors. How much the sterling Scotch-Irish blood 



44 

of the ancestors imparted to the children had to do with the result 
cannot he definitely known, but it is fair to assume that it has 
had a potent inthience on the result. 

After the family occupancy of the old house it hecame again 
the center of a very benificent wide spread influence. In time 




/ 



/ 



-it II ■ :\,uly^^mm\tn--r"^~'^^ ' 'TT--1 T- — 



Henry C. Taylor. 

the need of educational instruction of a higher order than could 
be had in the common schools of the neighborhood came to be 
greatly felt for the benefit of young men and young women in the 
neighborhood, ami the old house was offered as a place for such 
instructions, and about 1840 "Father Washburne," as he was 



45 

affectionately called, a well known scholar and teacher was 
procured to take charge of the work, and ho maintained 
there for some years a select school. Father Washburn 
was a tall, gracefully formed, kind hearted man of some- 
thing more than fifty, and perhaps near sixty years of age. 
His intellectual face beamed with kindness, his manners were 
gentle and assuring, and he was liked by all who knew him or 
came in contact with him. He was considered, and no doubt was, 
a superior educator. Several of the young men and women who 
were under his instructions at that time I well remember. Among 
them I can recall Matthew Addison Taylor, who aftenvards grad- 
uated at Miami University in the class of 1846, and who for more 
than fifty years has resided at Austin, Texas, and who at this 
very writing happens to be severely ill at the Chittenden Hotel in 
Columbus, wdiere he came a few weeks ago to attend the General 
Assembly of the Presbyterian Church. Then there was William 
and John Taylor, sons of A. V. Taylor ; Robert and Breckenridge 
Wilson, sons of George Wilson; John and Joseph Schunover, 
who were cousins ; my brother R. \ r . Taylor, and James Enlow, 
who lived in my father's family ; David W. Taylor, son of Mat- 
thew Taylor; Miles Thompson; the three Mead brothers, Louis, 
Levi and James; and my cousin, Newton Long; John S. Rarey, 
famous as a trainer of wild and vicious horses. Of the young 
ladies whom I remember, there were my sister Eliza, my cousins, 
Julia Ann Taylor, and Caroline Long, daughter of my Uncle 
John Long; and others that I do not remember. Of all that I 
have mentioned of these then young persons, but three are now 
living. 

When the family came to occupy the house they brought both 
cattle and hogs from Chillicothe, for domestic use and purposes, 
and which were necessarily allowed to run at large in the woods 
where, especially, the hogs found abundant food and multiplied 
rapidly in numbers. Other settlers, as they came, did the same 
thing, and in a few years the hogs became quite numerous, and 
as it was desirable to turn them to commercial account about 
1822 or 1823, an arrangement was made with a man by the name 
of Reynolds, to build a rlat boat exactly at the point where the 
old Hebron road (now called Livingston Ave.) crossed Walnut 



46 



Creek and where, afterwards, the old Baldwin mill was con- 
structed at the same point. It was a combination of a flouring 
and saw mill and was operated well into my own time, — perhaps, 
as late as in the late 40's. By this flat boat arrangement the 
settlers, for many miles around, were able to kill their hogs and 




-•v 




Martha Wilson (Taylor) Lee. 

cure the meat during the winter, and in the spring deliver it to the 
flat boat owners and so a flat boat cargo was made up. When the 
spring floods came, the boat was put into the stream and started 
on her way to New Orleans. The settlers for quite a distance 
around were present to aid in getting the craft into the stream, 
and a number of them volunteered to help conduct her as far as 



47 . 

the confluence of Alum Creek and Blacklick with Walnut Creek 
from which point the stream was enlarged so that the regular 
crew could guide her safely into the Scioto and on to the Ohio 
and to Xew Orleans. Of those who thus volunteered their help 
was Captain John Hanson and my father, who afterwards told 
me of the particulars of their adventures, one of which was of a 
perilous nature. As they were fast approaching the point where 
the volunteers were to get ashore, the boat drifted close to the 
land ami Captain Hanson, supposing it to he the main land. 
leaped ashore. He soon found, however, that he was on an island 
surrounded with the water of the swolen stream, and as he could 
not swim he had no way to extricate himself from his very 
disagreeable and, in fact, perilous situation. When, after some 
hours, the others, who had gone further down the stream with 
the boat, were returning along the main land not far from the 
stream, they heard a man vociferously shouting, and on investiga- 
tion, found it to be Captain Hanson and that he was, indeed, 
in a perilous situation. As quick as they could they made a raft 
of logs which they bound together with grapevine, but as it was 
quite perilous to venture on the mad current of the stream, they 
cut many grapevines and by securing the ends of them fast, each 
to the other, made a long, strong line which they attached to the 
raft which proved to be of great service in finally bringing the 
raft and those who had ventured on it, safely to shore. It was, 
indeed, a narrow escape for Captain Hanson as it was in the in- 
clement month of March, and he was entirely without food, or 
fire or shelter, and could not have survived many days under the 
circumstances. Captain Hanson lived many years after this event 
and until within my own acquaintance with him. He was an 
excellent citizen and much regarded by his neighbors, but had 
the misfortune to lose his home and good farm through the fraud 
of a man by the name of Baldwin, for whom he had extensively 
endorsed. Baldwin turned out to be a great scamp, and so in- 
dignant were his neighbors on account of the financial ruin of 
Captain Hanson that he was compelled to flee the country, and, 
so far as I know, has never been heard of since. 



48 

When my father came to apportion his real estate between 
his children, he wisely bestowed the old house and lands sur- 
rounding it on his youngest daughter and child, Margaret Liv- 
ingston Taylor, who has proved an appreciative custodian 
thereof. She has taken just pride in the ownership and now in 



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Margaret Livingston Taylor. 

this year 1907, the centennial of the building of the old house, 
has greatly enlarged its capacity as a dwelling by adding to it a 
log cabin, which is tfairty-fivt ^eet in length and twenty feet in 
width, two stories in bight and connected to it so as to form one 
codmodious and desirable dwelling house. This was a very 
unique and happy thought, especially as she proposes to make 



49 

it her future home and thus start the old house on its way for 
another hundred years. 

The material for the original framed structure was in every 
part laboriously gotten out by hand. The sills, beams, upright 
posts and rafters were all squared by the use of the broad-ax, 
and the weather-boarding was sawed out by the "whip-saw" pro- 
cess, each board being four feet long and six inches wide. All 
that part of the weather-boarding which was exposed to the 
weather has long since been worn away by the action of the ele- 
ments, but all that which was sheltered by the porch, which ran 
the full length of the house along the south side, is in good pres- 
ervation and has been retained as it was originally placed. There 
were three kinds of wood used in the structure, viz.. oak, walnut 
and blue ash. and every part of the frame work is as sound and 
firm as when originally put together. In the new arrangement 
all the partition walls in the lower floor of the old house have 
been removed, and it now consists of one large, singularly 
cheerful room. The inside finish which was of black walnut, 
elaborately worked out by hand, has been retained as it was orig- 
inally designed and placed. All the timber for the cabin annex 
has been taken from the farm on which the house stands, as was 
the material for the old house, so that the entire structure is of 
timber which was a part of the original forest as it was when 
inhabited and energized in by the red race with their wild 
and savage pursuits. All together the old house has been given 
many new and unique fascinations, and the new cabin annex is 
looked upon by the present generation with almost as much sur- 
prise as the original framed house was by the Indians a hundred 
years ago. It was the first framed house built in Franklin County 
east of the Scioto River. 

But how changed the conditions from what they were a hun- 
dred vears ago when her grandparents entered it with their fam- 
ily as their home. It is difficult to appreciate what marvelous 
results the past century has brought about. 

There were, at the time of the construction of the old house, 
no roads, no schools, no churches, no newspapers, no postoffice. 
nothing but the vast forest, with Indians and wolves for their 
nearest neighbors. Now there are good roads leading every- 



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where, good neighbors on every hand, the daily papers and mail 
delivered every morning at the door, and by telephone all friends 
and places of business are reached in a moment, at the pleasure 
of the occupant of the old new house. Truly the transformation 
has been great and wonderful and baffles and sets at naught all 
speculation and conjecture as to what the conditions will be in a 
hundred vears from now. 



THE TAYLOR-LIVINGSTON CENTENARY IN FRANK- 
LIN COUNTY. 



On the 9th day of June, 1904, a reception was given by Mr. 
and Mrs. Henry C. Taylor, at their country place, Westcrest, 
situated on the National Road, west bank of Big Walnut creek 
in Truro township, to commemorate the one hundredth anni- 
versary of the family history in Franklin County. The invitation 
issued to the guests on this occasion was in the following form : 

1804 TAYLOR-LIVINGSTON I9O4 

MR. AND MRS. HENRY C. TAYLOR, 

REQUEST THE HONOR OF YOUR PRESENCE 

AT WESTCREST 

THURSDAY, JUNE THE NINTH 

AT TWO O'CLOCK 

TO COMMEMORATE THE ONE HUNDREDTH ANNIVERSARY 

OF THE FAMILY SETTLEMENT 

IN FRANKLIN COUNTY. 

The number present in response to these invitations was 
between seven and eight hundred. 

The hostesses and assistant hostesses were : 

Hostesses. 

Miss Margaret L. Taylor, Mrs. Samuel Lee, 
Mrs. Thomas Hibben, Mrs. John M. Taylor, 

Mrs. Theodore Huntington, Mrs. Edward L. Taylor, Jr., 
Mrs. Henry N. Taylor, Miss Katharine M. Taylor, 

Mrs. John H. J. Upham, Miss Margaret T. Sharp, 
Mrs. Chapin C. Foster. 



(52) 



53 

Assistant Hostesses. 

Mrs. Andrew D. Rodgers, Mrs. William Hopkins, 

Mrs. Robert S. Smith, Mrs. William K. Rogers, 

Mrs. John Joyce, Mrs. Francis Collins, 

Mrs. Joseph H. Potter, Mrs. Alfred Kelley, 

Mrs. James Kilbourne, Mrs. Robert S. Neil, 

Mrs. Allen W. Thurman, Mrs. William J. McCome, 

Mrs. Rutherford H. Platt, Mrs. Randolph S. Warner, 

Mrs. Charles F. Clark, Mrs. Walter W. Brown, 

Mrs. William Black, Mrs. Edward Den mead, 

Miss Sullivant, Miss Jane Sullivant, 

Miss Rebekah Sullivant, Mrs. Richard T. Clarke, 

Mrs. William Burt. 

The hostesses consisted of members of the family ; the 
assistant hostesses were representative of the families that came 
to Franklinton and Columbus at a very early period, some of 
them in the closing decade of the 18th century. 

It was unique in being the first entertainment of this kind 
ever given in Franklin County, and this fact alone was sufficient 
to make the day memorable. An interesting feature was the 
large attendance of those who were advanced in years. It was 
the purpose of Air. Taylor, who conceived the idea of having a 
celebration of this character, to bring together as many as pos- 
sible of the pioneers and their descendants, and in this respect 
he was eminently successful. There were present three persons 
over ninety years of age, and perhaps fifteen or more ranging 
from seventy-five to ninety. In this list were a twin brother 
and sister in their eightieth year. The one having the longest 
span of life was Mrs. William Sprague, who was born on the 
3rd day of September, 1808, and was consequently almost ninety- 
six years of age. The next in order was Mr. Elam Drake, 
in his ninety-second year, his birthday being November 16, 1812; 
and the third was Mrs. James Staley, whose ninety-second birth- 
day Will occur — a kind Providence permitting — on the 22nd 
day of December, 1904. It was a noteworthy fact that Mr. 
Drake was one of the persons employed in the building of 
the house at Westcrest in 1843, a period of sixty-one years 



54 

having elapsed since he performed this labor. He is quite well, 
is possessed with a cheerful disposition and has fair promise of 
living out a century. Mrs. Spraguc was in excellent health and 
strength, took part in the exercises of the afternoon, reciting a 
poem of her own composition on the appropriate subject of 
"Growing Old." The recitation was given with full strong 
voice and good emphasis. On account of her great age, it will 
doubtless be interesting to many persons to read the verses 
recited by Mrs. Sprague, and a copy is here given. 

I'm growing old, that's what they say; 
I know my hair has turned to gray, 
And step is not as brisk and fine 
As when I was just twenty-nine. 

The wrinkles on my face show clear 
They've been there now for many a year; 
Without a doubt they've come to stay, 
For man was made of dust, they say. 

I'm growing old. I know it's so — 
This is the way we all do go. 
I will move out this house of dust 
To mansions that's prepared for us. 

No earthy goods I'll take with me, 
I will not need them there, you see. 
The city that is paved with gold, 
Hath glories that cannot be told. 

Our great High Priest, He will be there — 
He, when on 'earth, our pains did share. 
And glorious anthems we will sing, 
For there will be our heavenly King. 

In addition to the social meetings and greetings of the 
great number of guests present, which continued for several 
hours upon the large and beautiful lawn at Westcrest, there were 
formal exercises, presided over by Mr. Rutherford Hayes Piatt. 
They consisted of prayer by the venerable Rev. Edward D. Mor- 
ris, D. D., the oldest Presbyterian minister in Columbus ; an ad- 
dress of welcome by Mr. Henry C. Taylor: introductory address 
by Mr. Rutherford H. Piatt ; the reading by Edward L. Taylor, 



55 



Jr., of a paper prepared by his father, Edward L. Taylor, Sr. ; 
address by ex-Governor George K. Nash; address by Col. James 
Kilbourne; address by lion. Phil. H. Bruck; recitation of poem 
by Mrs. William Sprague ; address by Hon. Thomas E. Powell. 
The program as carried out was from first to last impres- 
sive, instructive and entertaining, characterized by sentiment, wit 
and humor. Immediately upon the conclusion of the exer- 
cises supper was served and the closing hours of the beautiful 
afternoon in June was spent in social intercourse by hundred ; 
of the descendants of the pioneer settlers in Franklin County. 




1 



- 
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DAVID TAYLOR, 

Born July 24, 1801. Died July 29, 
1889. 



MARGARET LIVINGSTON TAYLOR, 

Born November 2, 1809. Died Feb- 
ruary 12, 1S95. 



ADDRESS OF WELCOME. 
BY HENRY C. TAYLOR. 

Ladies and Gentlemen — It gives me great pleasure to have 
so many acquaintances and friends here to-day. I thank you 
for the compliment of your presence on this historic occasion. 
On behalf of all the members of my family I extend to you 
all the most cordial welcome, and I trust that you may experi- 
ence as much pleasure in being guests as we do in being hosts. 

I should like to indulge the hope, that one hundred years 
hence, vour denscendants and mine might under like favorable 



56 

circumstances assemble at this place to commemorate the com- 
pletion of the second century, as we have the first. 

In the closing years of the 18th and the opening years of 
the 19th century, a tide of emigration began to move from the 
Atlantic coast states, west over the Alleghanies and into that 
territory, that was designated as northwest of the river Ohio. 

These emigrants came on foot, on horseback, in wagons, 
along the wilderness roads and Indian trails, and in boats upon 



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HOME BUILT BY ROBERT TAYLOR 1807-8. PROPERTY OF MARGARET LIVINGSTON' 

TAYLOR. 

the navigable streams. Their object was to establish themselves 
in new homes in a new country ; to win from the forests and 
plains a competence for themselves and their families. They 
were adventurers only in the highest and best sense of that word. 
They were not gold seekers, in search of hidden treasures, but 
were home-seekers and founders of new commonwealths. With 
courage, with faith, with hope they left their old associations, 
their kindred, their friends, and went forth to meet hardships 



57 

and privations in what was to them at that time a far-off coun- 
try. They were a race of men and women whom any nation 
would be happy to have as citizens. 

The Puritan of New England, the Cavalier of the south, 
the Dutch, the English, the Irish, the Scotch, never to be sur- 
passed by any of the races of the children of men. History is 
more and more abundantly honoring their noble qualities and 
great deeds. They triumphed in the east, in securing our in- 
dependence ; they won the west ; they traversed the continent, 
and saved it all for the nation founded by Washington and his 
compatriots. We shall never weary in recounting their great 
virtues, their heroic qualities, their lives of noble endeavor and 
of sacrifice. They were firm in their conviction, self-reliant «n 
their character, and possessed of a fine dignity in their lives. 

The Bible and the Declaration of Independence were their 
religious and civil guides. The church and the schoolhouse 
were the two institutions first provided for and most highly 
prized. These nurseries of piety and learning were remote and 
of difficult access, as must necessarily be the case, in a sparse 
and widely scattered population. We can now scarcely conceive 
the difficulties encountered by the men and women who came 
here with the first wave of emigration. They labored and we 
enjoy the fruits of their labor. We reap the benefit of their 
toil and self-denial. To-day the sunshine and shadow may come 
and go upon the ground where we are assembled. Three gen- 
erations ago, it was covered with such heavy forest, that the 
sun could rarely kiss the earth. 

To clear away the trees and make room for a home in the 
virgin forest was indeed a labor. There are those living to- 
day, who can remember the dark border of forest trees that lined 
the narrow strip of road leading from their homes to the then 
small city of Columbus. And in later years upon their return 
home in the evening, the way may have been lighted up by 
the burning logs in the clearings. The heavy fringe of great 
trees has long since disappeared under the heavy blows of the 
woodman's ax, the clearing fires have gone out, and the logs 
were many years ago covered with their ashes. 



58 

From the ruins of this first estate, we have the smiling land- 
scape, the green grass, the fertile fields of waving grain. We 
have the advantages, ease, comfort, conveniences, luxuries of 
modern civilization. For the generation that first came to this 
goodly land, and rough-hewed the way there is lasting remem- 
brance and perpetual honor. In their lives there was a serious- 
ness of purpose that is not characteristic of the later generation. 
In the midst of difficulties and dangers there was exhibited to 
an unusual degree the qualities of fortitude and endurance. 

The Indian trails and wilderness roads have disappeared, 
fhe horseback riders from New York, Pennsylvania, Connecti- 
cut no longer pass along the old highway bordering these 
grounds. The stage coach, the wonder and admiration of seventy 
years ago, has ceased to pitch and creak and roll its heavy way 
eastward and westward. The moving wagons, that so frequently 
lined this road when Ohio was a new state and Indiana and 
Illinois almost unknown territory, have passed into a faint tra- 
dition. To-day the merchants in Franklinton do not ship their 
goods over the Alleghany Mountains in a Conestoga wagon. 

There are those here to-day in the fifth generation from 
the first settler. They can daily witness many marvelous things 
unknown to their forefathers in this country, and beyond the 
realm of their conception or dreams. 

There has been material progress and a marked change 
in social life. We do not look back with regret to the good 
old times, rather we rejoice in the good new times, and look 
forward to an ever changing, and ever better condition of 
human existence. But when we come to estimate the sterling 
qualities that make a man or woman, we shall probably never 
find them in a finer combination, or a higher degree of develop- 
ment, than in the pioneers who located a century ago in Franklin 
County. 

ADDRESS BY EDWARD L. TAYLOR. Sr. 

[Edward Livingston Taylor, Sr., was not able to be present on 
account of illness The address was read by his son Edward Livingston 
Taylor, Jr., Prosecuting Attorney for Franklin County.] 

The Livingston and Taylor families represented here to-day both 
had their origin in Scotland. Their ancestors. had lived there for many 



59 

generations. Branches of these families left Scotlann ior the same reason 
(religion), the Livingstons going to Holland and the Taylors to the 
north of Ireland; and it so happened that through widely different 
channels and experiences the branches of these families, which settled 
in Franklin County, Ohio, came and located here about the same time, 
now a hundred years ago. 

The common ancestor of the Livingston family in this country was 
the Rev. John Livingston, who was born in Scotland in 1603, and 
whose death occurred at Rotterdam, Holland, in 1072. He was a min- 



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HOME -BUILT BY DAVID TAYLOR 1825-6. PROPERTY OF EDWARD LIVINGSTON' 

TAYLOR. 

ister in the Scotish church, as had been his father, William Livingston, 
and grandfather, Alexander Livingston, before him. 

In l()C/2 there was passed in England what is konwn as the '"New 
Act of Uniformity," by which the penal laws against dissenters and 
non-conformists were revived. By this act every minister in England, 
Scotland and Wales, who received any benefit or support from the 
government was required to declare his assent to all and everything 
contained in the ''Book of Common Prayer," and no one cottld hold 
preferment without Episcopal ordination. The Rev. John Livingston 
refused to conform to this act and so, in order to escape its penalties, 



6o 

was compelled to take refuge in Holland, where he spent the last nine 
years of his life. 

The Rev. John Livingston had two sons, Robert and William. 
They were born in Scotland but went with their father to Holland 
where they received much of their education, a part of which was the 
learning of the Dutch language which had an important influence upon 
their after life. 

Robert was born in 1654 and soon after arriving at lawful age came 
to America and settled at Albany, N. Y., where there was a colony 
or settlement of Hollanders. His acquaintance with the Dutch language 
and his preference for the Hollanders determined in no small degree his 
location at that place. 

In 1633 he was intermarried at Albany, N. Y., with Alida, widow 
of Rev. Nicholas Van Rennselaer, whose maiden name was Schuyler, 
and through this marriage Robert became the first founder of the Liv- 
ingston family in America. 

In 1696 he re-visited Scotland and on his return brought with him 
a nephew, Robert, Jr., a son of his brother William. He too settled 
at Albany, and the uncle and nephew were thereafter known and desig- 
nated as Robert, Sr., and Robert, Jr. In 1697 Robert, Jr., was inter- 
married at Albany with Margaretta Schuyler, who was a niece of the 
wife of Robert, Sr. ; so that they were respectively nephew and niece 
of Robert, Sr., and his wife, Alida. From this marriage sprang the 
branch of the Livingston family represented here to-day. Of this mar- 
riage there was born in 1709, a son, John Livingston, who, on Septem- 
ber 6th, 1739, was married to Catryna Ten Broeck. Of that marriage 
there was born three sons, James, Richard and Abraham, all of whom 
located in Montreal, Canada, before the breaking out of the Revolu- 
tionary War. They were all active and determined sympathizers with 
the cause of the colonies and so incurred the displeasure of all sympa- 
thizers with and adherents of the cause of Great Britain. 

Col. James Livingston, the oldest of these three brothers and from 
whom the Livingstons represented here to-day are directly descended, 
was born March 27th, 1747, and died November 29th. 1832. 

In 1772, at Montreal, Canada, where he was then practicing his 
profession as a lawyer, he was married to Elizabeth Simpson, who had 
been born at Cork, Ireland, October, 1750, and who died June 20th, 
1799. Several children were born of this marriage, but we are to-day 
only concerned with Edward Chinn Livingston, who was the third son 
and fifth child of that marriage, born in the State of New York, May 23d, 
1782. and removed to Franklin County, Ohio, in 1804. 

In the year 1775, the public mind throughout the American colonies 
and the British provinces had become greatly disturbed and agitated 
on account of the bitter controversies between a majority of the people 
of the colonies and Great Britain. A large majority of those then 



6i 

living in what is now the British Provinces of Canada and Nova Scotia 
were strong adherents of the cause of Great Britain. They called them- 
selves "Loyalists," but were generally known and designated at "Tories." 
There was also in Canada a minority who were strongly in favor of 
the cause of the colonies as against the cause of the king. The result 
was that many Tories fled from the colonies to Canada and induced 
the Mohawk Indians and many of the Indians belonging to other tribes of 
the Iroquois then living in the state of New York, to join them in 
hostilities against the patriots or colonists. These refugees to Canada 
and their Indian allies remained in active hostilities to the people of 
the colonies throughout the war of the Revolution, during which time 
they caused great devastation and destruction of life and property in 
almost every part of the State of New York, but particularly through- 
out the Mohawk Valley. The operations of these refugees to Canada 
and their Indian allies, constitutes the most dreadful chapter in the 
history of that war. 

On the other hand, those who lived in Canada and sympathized with 
the cause of the colonies fled from that country and actively and de- 
terminedly espoused the cause of the colnoies against the mother coun- 
try. Those who fled from Canada were called "Refugees from Canada;" 
and those who fled from the colonies to Canada were called "Refugees 
to Canada." Of the refugees from Canada, the three Livingston brothers, 
before mentioned, were among the most conspicuous and active in their 
efforts in favor of the colonies. They got together in Canada about 
three hundred sympathizers and succeeded in the face of great diffi- 
culties and dangers in bringing them safely over the border into the 
State of New York, where they were merged into a New York regi- 
ment, of which James Livingston became the colonel, Richard the lieu- 
tenant colonel, and Abraham a captain. This regiment was immedi- 
ately assigned to the command then organizing under General Schuyler 
and General Richard Montgomery for the invasion of Canada, with the 
view of wresting that country from British dominion. General Schuy- 
ler's health failing, the command of the expedition devolved upon Gen- 
eral Richard Montgomery, whose wife was a near relative of the three 
Livingston brothers before mentioned, he having married into the Liv- 
ingston family. 

General Montgomery very successfully commanded the expedition 
and took possession of all the country along the St. Lawrence as far 
as Quebec, which stronghold he assaulted on the last night of Decem- 
ber, 1775, where he met his death. The command of the invading army 
then fell upon Benedict Arnold, who was second in command and who 
was then a very active and capable officer of the Colonial army. He 
succeeded 'in withdrawing the American army from Canada, but not with- 
out great difficulties, hardships and sufferings. 



62 

Col. James Livingston served as colonel of his regiment during 
the entire seven years war. The British authorities confiscated his 
property and estate and declared him to be a rebel and an outlaw and 
set a heavy price upon his head. He, however, was fortunate enough 
never to fall into the hands of the Tories and their allies — the Mohawk, 
and other Indians of the Iroquois tribe. 

After the war was closed he remained with his family in the state 
of New York and served for eight years in the Legislature of that state 
and held other positions of trust and honor. He died in 1832 at the 
advanced age of eighty-six years. 

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WESTCREST BUILT BY DAVID TAYLOR 1842-3. PROPERTY OF HEXRY C. TAYLOR. 

In 1801 the Congress of the United States passed an act intended 
in part to remunerate the "Refugees from Canada" whose property had 
been confiscated or destroyed on account of their loyalty to the Ameri- 
can cause. Under the provisions of that act there was set off to Col. 
James Livingston land to the amount of 1,280 acres to be located on 
the "Refugee Tract," on a part of which the city of Columbus now 
stands. The patents for a part of these lands were turned over to his 
son, Edward Chinn Livingston, who was then a young man just out of 
college and who soon thereafter (1804) came to Ohio and took pos- 
session of the lands given him by his father. All the lands granted 



63 

to Col. James Livingston were in what is known in law and history as the 
"Refugee Tract." They were all located along Alum creek, just east of 
the city of Columbus. 

The "Refugee Tract," as set apart by the government for the special 
purpose before" mentioned, was a strip of land four and a half miles 
wide from north to south and about fifty miles from east to west, 
extending from the east bank of the Scioto river to near the Muskingum 
river. The city of Columbus is situated on the west end of this tract 
and what is now Fifth Avenue was the north line of the tract, and what 
is now Steelton was the south boundary. The whole contained about 
130,000 acres. All that part of the Refugee Tract which lies in Franklin 
County was embraced in Montgomery and Truro townships. To Ed- 
ward Chinn Livingston was given the honor of naming Montgomery • 
township, after General Richard Montgomery, with whom his father 
had been associated in the Revolutionary war. and who was with him 
at the time he fell at Quebec. A similar honor was granted to Robert 
Taylor, in giving him the privilege of naming Truro township after 
the town of Truro in the Province of Nova Scotia, from whence 

he came. 

There was at the time of his coming to this country no sign ot 
the citv of Columbus beyond a few log cabins a half mile west of the 
Scioto 'river on what is now called West Broad street, and at that 
time called Franklinton. Letters in my possession, written before the 
location of Columbus was settled, show that Judge Edward C. Livingston 
was very anxious to have the state capital established on the east side of 
the Scioto River and that he used every influence possible to bring about 
that result. 

When Judge Livingston came to the county the Nelson family, the 
White family and the Moobery family were the only residents along 
Alum creek in that neighborhood. The Nelson family, the White 
family and the Livingston family still own and occupy portions of these 
lands after the passing of a hundred years. The Moobery family have 
no representatives now living in the country, in so far as we are aware. 

On March 17th, 1S07, Edward Chinn Livingston was married to 
Martha Nelson. There were born of that marriage children as fol- 
lows: James, Margaret, Edward. Caroline, Adaline. Angelica, Robert 
and Martha. James was the oldest son. who, when he was yet a young 
man, located in Livingston county, in north Missouri, where he died about 
the year 1850. Margaret (my mother), the oldest daughter, was born 
November 2, 1809. and was married to my father, David Taylor May 16th. 
1836, and died February 12th, 1895. Edward, the second son lived until 
his death some thirty years ago, on a part of his fathers land, which 
some of his children still own and occupy. Caroline and Angelica died 
childless more than thirty years ago. Adaline (Mrs. Elijah Marion), 



6 4 

Robert and Martha are still living. Robert owns and occupies the lands 
where he was born almost eighty years ago. 

Under the date of December 14th, 1810, Edward C. Livingston 
was appointed colonel of the 2nd Regiment, 4th Brigade and 2nd Di- 
vision of Militia of Ohio, by Return Jonathan Meigs, governor. 

During the war of 1812 he assembled the regiment to be in readi- 
ness for service in the war then in progress against Tecumseh and his 
Indians and Proctor and his British soldiers, but the regiment was not 
called on for active service. He also served as one of the associate 
judges for Franklin county from 1821 to 1829. His death occurred 
November 13, 1843. 

TAYLOR FAMILY. 

The Taylor family, as stated before, had its origin in Argyle, Scot- 
land, from whence they removed to the north of Ireland in 1620. They 
remained in and about the city of Londonderry until 1720, when Matthew 
Taylor, the progenitor of this branch of the Taylor family in America, 
came in a colony from Londonderry, Ireland, to New Hampshire. The 
colony was composed entirely of what is known as Scotch-Irish people. 
The governor of Massachusetts alloted to them lands on which this 
colony settled and which they began to improve when it was found that 
the land was in fact over the line in New Hampshire. The governor 
of New Hampshire, however, confirmed the grant and the colony re- 
mained in that location. They gave to the settlement the name of Lon- 
donderry, which has since been changed to and is now known as Derry, 
New Hampshire. This location was then the very frontier of civili- 
zation. All beyond to the north and west was a wilderness and the 
home of the Algonquin Indians. It was here that Matthew Taylor, Jr., 
was born on October 30th, 1727. While living at this place he was 
married to Miss Archibald, and of this marriage there were born six 
sons and two daughters. The fourth son was named Robert. The date 
of his birth was April 11th, 1759. 

Matthew Taylor, Jr., continued to reside at Derry, New Hamp- 
shire, with his family until after the close of the "old French war" 
(1764), when by the terms of peace the province of Nova Scotia came 
under British dominion. Shortly after that event Matthew Taylor, Jr., 
and his family, with other families of the original New Hampshire 
colony, migrated from Derry, New Hampshire, to Nova Scotia and set- 
tled in the town of Truro on the Bay of Fundy. On December 6th, 
1781, at Truro, Robert was married to Mehetabel Wilson, whose parents 
were also Scotch-Irish people. There were born of that marriage four 
sons and three daughters, David being the youngest of the brothers and 
the youngest of the family, except one sister. Susan. He was born at 
Truro, Nova Scotia. July 24th, 1801. The older sons were named re- 
spectively Vinton, Matthew and James. The entire family came to Chil- 
licothe, Ohio, in September, 1806. They came by sea to Philadelphia, 



65 



where they purchased teams and wagons and passed through Pennsyl- 
vania and over the Alleghany mountains to the town of Wheeling, at 
which place the family, except the two older brothers, with the most of 
their effects, were placed on a keel boat and floated down the Ohio river 
to Portsmouth at the mouth of the Scioto. The two older sons, Vin- 
ton and Matthew, brought the wagons through the wilderness from 
Wheeling to Chillicothe. 

While living in Chillicothe, Robert Taylor, the head of the family, 
determined to settle upon the lands situated in what is now Truro town- 
ship, franklin county, and with that view he constructed a frame house 



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MOUND ON RIDGE NEAR BIG WALNUT CREEK, NORTH SIDE NATIONAL ROAD. 

IN PLAIN VIEW FROM WESTCREST. MOUND IS 200 FT. IN DIAMETER 

AT BASE AND 30 FT. HIGH. 



on his lands, which the family came to occupy in March, 1808. This 
was the fourth house constructed in what has since become and is now 
Truro township. The other three were primitive log cabins and they 
and their tenants have long since disappeared. 

David Taylor lived with his father's family in this house until 
1826, when he was intermarried with Nancy T. Nelson, who died in 
1832, leaving two children, Eliza and Robert N. At the time of his 
marriage he constructed his first residence on the south portion of the 



66 

farm about a mile from this spot. That house is still standing as is 
also the house constructed by his father, Robert Taylor, in 1807-8. These 
houses and lands are still owned by members of his family. 

On the 16th day of -day, 1836, he was intermarried with Margaret 
Livingston, oldest daughter of Judge Edward Chinn Livingston. Of this 
marriage there were born six children, all of whom are living. 

This house, where we are assembled to-day, was built by David 
Taylor in 1843, and all my life has been associated with it and the 
farm. My father continued to reside here until April 1, 1858, when he 
took up his residence on East Broad street in the city of Columbus, where 
he lived until the 29th day of July, 1889, when he died at the age of 
eighty-eight years. 

When my grandfather, Robert Taylor, took possession of his land, 
there had been for many years an Indian camp for fall and winter 
hunting maintained on the spot where he desired to build his house. 
There were fine springs at that place and it was 'evident that it was a 
favorite spot for occupation of the Indians, as it probably had been 
for the races which preceded them, and this presumption is strengthened 
by the fact that the Mound Builders constructed a considerable mound 
at this point. 

When Robert Taylor desired to build his house by these springs, 
the Indians moved their camp north about a mile and established it 
at the mouth of the first ravine north from where we are now as- 
sembled. These hunting camps were only used by the Indians for 
hunting purposes and only during the fall and winter months. They 
were of the Wyandot tribe and belonged to the linguistic family of the 
Iroquois. In the spring of the year they went back to their Indian 
ullages, which were mostly situated along the Sandusky river and 
about Lake Erie. They occupied this new camp for about ten years 
and hunted and trapped at will in the vicinity. Practically the same 
Indians came to occupy that camp from year to year and were very friendly 
with the Taylor family, from whom they often obtained salt and bread 
and other provisions in exchange for which they would quietly deposit 
an abundance of game on the porch or in some conspicuous place near 
by. There was never any contracting or bargaining indulged in. Each 
gave what they had to spare. 

It was in December, 1813, that the family came to occupy this 
house. I was then between four and five years old and well remem- 
ber that event and many of the conditions and environments which 
obtained at that time. At that time I had never known the use of a 
friction match. Fire was the great agency by which the forest was 
cleared away and the soil opened up for cultivation, and it was often 
necessary to build fires at remote points on the farm and this need 
was met by the use of a small copper tea kettle, which had become 
useless for its original purpose and was brought from the old house to 



6 7 

the new and was used for several years thereafter for carrying fire be- 
fore matches came into use. Sometimes also it was loaned to neigh- 
bors in whose houses the fires had from neglect or absence from home 
become extinguished, and still much more frequently was it used to 
enable •'movers" who were traveling along the National road and who 
might happen to camp for the night near the house. 

Before the introduction of matches, a common method of producing 
fire was by '"steel, flint and punk." This method of producing fire had 
come into use after the French, Hollanders and English had introduced 
steel into this country. The combination of steel, flint and punk was 
called "fire," and was usually carried by persons who were much abroad 
in the forest and open air, and liable to exposure. 



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HENRY C. TAYLOR. 



MRS. HENRY C. TAYLOR. 



About 1834 the National Road was constructed by the general gov- 
ernment past this point and it at once became a great thoroughfare for 
all methods of travel between the east and west. It was over this 
highway that the central portions of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and the 
southern part of Iowa and the northern part of Missouri were ^mostly 
populated. The most picturesque and prominent feature of the National 
Road was the great mail and passenger coaches drawn by four horses, 
scheduled to make ten miles an hour. Everything had to give way to 
these coaches, as they carried the United States mail.. 

In the spring and fall of the year this highway was literally white 
with moving wagons covered with white canvass, going to establish homes 
in the western states. There were also numerous persons both on foot 
and on horseback traveling along this highway. There were also many 
heavy freight wagons, drawn some by two, some by four and some by 



68 



■■'^'^aeasMwi 






six horses, carrying freight and merchandise from the eastern cities to 
points in the west. 

With the construction of this highway there sprang up every few 
miles along it, "wayside inns," commonly called "taverns." These taverns 
were not used by persons moving to the west. They always camp- <1 
for the night by the side of the road, at convenient places for procur- 
ing fire and water and food for their teams. They usually slept in 
and under their wagons. The patronage which these "taverns" re- 
ceived was from persons traveling on foot and on horseback, and from 
the teamsters who were engaged in carrying merchandise over the 
road. Sometimes it would happen that a jolly party of these travelers 
and teamsters would stop for the night at the 
same tavern and make the evening merry with 
their songs and stories. 

This is still within the recollection of 
many persons now living, some of whom are 
present to-day. Yet, the stage coaches and the 
heavy six-horse wagons with the jolly team- 
sters, the caravans or moving wagons, the 
travelers on foot and on horseback, and the 
numerous wayside inns, where they were wont 
to find good cheer and repose have all long 
since disappeared and are not known to the 
present generation. In their place we have the 
swift moving electric car and the much dreaded 
and too often deadly, automobile. 

I learned from my father an incident 
which may be of interest to many persons pre- 
sent to-day. The early settlers introduced 
hogs into the country, which were allowed to 
run at large in the wcods. They lived mostly 
on "mast," which consisted of hickory nuts, 
walnuts, beech nuts and acorns. In a favorable 
season for "mast" the hogs became fat and 
suitable for market, but there was no way to 
get them to market, as there were no railroads or highways of any kind 
and no markets west of the Atlantic cities, and these it was impossible to 
reach. About 1825 the hogs had multiplied and became quite plentiful 
in the woods and there being no market for them, they became very 
cheap. About that time a man by the name of Reynolds (as I now re- 
call the name) came into the neighborhood and contracted with the 
people in the vicinity for their pork to be delivered when the season 
was favorable for killing and curing the same. He built a flat boat on 
Walnut creek, one-half mile south from this spot on which he loaded 
his pork and waited for the spring freshets to furnish an abundance of 



•~**^ 



Livingston Lodge 
Tayj,or, 

6-vear-old son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Henry C. Taylor. 



69 

water so that lie could safely launch his boat thereon. He employed 
a regular crew to go with the boat to New Orleans and a number of 
young men in the neighborhood, including my father, volunteered to 
assist as far as the confluence of Alum creek and Black Lick with Big 
Walnut Creek, beyond which point their assistance was not needed. The 
flat boat was successfully floated to New Orleans, where tlie cargo was 
sold to be shipped to European markets. Thus this immediate neigh- 
borhood, which was then the center of the Ohio forest, remote from 
the markets of the world, came to furnish to the people of the old world, 
a part of their food supply. 

When grandfather, Robert Taylor, built his house in 1808, there 
were no Indian camps between here and the Ohio river. The white 
man came into southern and eastern Ohio mostly from Pennsylvania, 
Maryland, Virginia and Kentucky, and about 1820 game had become 
scarce and all the Indian hunting camps in southern and central Ohio 
were abandoned. A few years later by treaties, by purchases, etc., the 
Ohio Indians were removed to the west of the Mississippi river, and 
thus the territory of Ohio, after centuries of occupancy by them, ceased 
forever to be the home of the Indian. 




4778